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No 62,392 


Owen links 
JMB with 
gold swoop 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The name of Johnson 
Man hey Bankers was yester- 
day linked with a large-scale 
gold smuggling operation dur- 
ing Commons questions on a 
Customs and Excise operation 
in which 27 premises were 
raided and JMB files were 

Dr David Owen. leader of 
the Social Democratic' Party, 
told the Housc:“Customs and 
Excise believe that something 
like £7 ‘A million worth of gold 
bullion may have been smug- 
gled into this country since 
April last year up until 1 1 days 

“There is reason to believe 
that this sm uggling of gold and 
the purchase of this gold at a 
below market price by John- 
son Matihey has been con- 
tinuing for some considerable 

In the wake of the 1984 
Bank of England resaw opera- 
tion for JMB. Dr Owen said 
that the news of the raids 
posed questions over the judg- 
ment of the Prime Minister, 
who had refused a tribunal of 
inquiry: of Mr Nigel Lawson. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
who had given assurances that 
JMB's bullion trading was 
sound: and of Mr Robin 
Lcigh-Pcmbcrton.the Bank of 
England Governor, who had 
told him in December 1984 
that allegations about JMB's 
bullion operation were “ill- 
informed” and “ill-founded”. 

Mr Brian Sedgemore. La- 
bour MP for Hackney South 

and Shoreditch who has cam- 
paigned for an inquiry into the 
JMB rescue, reminded the 
House that the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer had said that 
the main reason for saving 
Johnson Matthcy Bank was to 
sustain confidence in the bul- 
lion market. 

He called for a debate on 
“today's announcement that 
bullion has been smuggled 
Into this country, sold at 
below market price, followed 
by value added lax claims at 
hill market price.” 

Mr Dennis Skinner, the 
Labour MP for Bolsover. con- 
demned government “incon- 
sistencies and double 
standards”. linking the JMB 
rescue and the proposed clo- 
sure of the Bates colliery. 

He said that it was now 
known that there had been 
gold smuggling and asked why 
miners should be subject to 
“hypocritical standards when 
the bankers of the City of 
London get away with murder 
at the taxpayers' expense?” 

Dr Owen failed in an at- 
tempt to get an emergency 
Commons debate, but Mr 
John Biffen. Leader of the 
House, told Mr Neil Kinnock 
that he would look into the 
possibility of a debate or a 
ministerial staiemenL 

Earlier. Dr Owen said dur- 
ing Prime Minister's question 
time: “There are some £185 
million worth of this country’s 
money in JMB. In view of that 
fact and that the Governor of 

the Bank of England ,has 
repeatedly said that the bank 
and gold bullion business of 
JMB is sound, will the Prime 
Minister now set up a tribunal 
of inquiry T* 

Mrs Thatcher said that she 
would not “I understand that 
C ustoms officers visited a 
number of premises today, 
including Johnson Matihey. 
They visited these this morn- 
ing in the course of investiga- 
tions into possible value 
added tax irregularities in- 
volving gold.” 

Dr Owen wrote to Mr 
Lawson in November and 
December 1984. after the 
Bank of England rescue of 
JMB. saying that his “main 
anxiety” was that, in spite of 
assurances to the contrary, the 
bank's bullion operations 
were “in serious trouble” and 
were making “sizeable losses”. 

He was told by Mr Leigh- 
Pembcrton on December 21. 
1984CThe problems which 
gave rise to the rescue opera- 
tion for JMB arose in the 
commercial loan book and do 
not arise in relation to its 
bullion and other dealing op- 
erations which have been and 
remain profitable. 

“Your assertions and at- 
tempts to demonstrate that 
the bullion operations of JMB 
are basicaly unsound, would. I 
believe, diminish the confi- 
dence of its customers and 
counterparties and their will- 
ingness to do business with it 

Tomorrow Twelve held in 
I Life as a | Customs raids 


By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Francoise Sagan 
writes in Games of 
Chance of her fatal 
fascination with the 
gaming tables of 
Cannes, Deauville 
and Berkeley 

On the boards 

Liza Minnelli, 
back on 

stage in London 

Two winners shared the Times 
Portfolio daily competition 
prize of £2,000 yesterday: Mr 
R H Bates of East Horsley, 
Surrey, and Mr C Evans, of 
Sun bury on Thames. Portfolio 
list, page 24; how to play, 
information service, back 
page. Tomorrow, £22,000 can 
be won - £20,000 in the weekly 
competition and £2,000 in the 

Sofia off 
the hook 

The acquittal of three Bulgari- 
ans accused of conspiracy to 
murder the Pope was demand- 
ed yesterday by the prosecu- 
tion in the Rome trial, on the 
ground of insufficient 
evidence • Page 7 

Groce charge 

Police Inspector Douglas 
Lovelock of south London has 
been accused of unlawful 
wounding after the shooting of 
Mrs Chary Groce during a 
police raid last year. The 
incident led to the Brixton 
riots ^ 

Sex tevms cut 

Two paratroopers? jailed for 
indecency againsr; a woman 
soldier, had their terms cut in 
the Court of Appeal after the 
judge said the victim was 
sexuality depraved Page 3 

Home News 2-5 JJ 

„ w parliament 4 
“ 1_ ?| Sale Room I* 

S2T rda, fS 


Customs officers investigat- 
ing a multi-million pound 
VAT gold fraud yesterday 
searched the .records of John- 
son Matihey Bankers on gold 
dealings before launching 
raids in London and Birming- 
ham leading to 12 arrests. 

The VAT fraud was esti- 
mated yesterday at £750,000. 
and officers recovered a total 
of 2.5 kilos of gold from a 
London address during raids. 
Charges are expected today. 

As the men held by the 
investigators were still being 
questioned last night both the 
Bank of England, which now 
oversees JMB, and senior 
Customs officers denied that 
any suspicion of fraud fell on 
the bank. No JMB staff were 
arrested and no JMB premises 
were raided. 

Last year detectives from 
the City police fraud squad 
began investigations into 
JMB. which had to be rescued 
after it collapsed in 1984 with 
losses of more than £240 
million. Since the investiga- 
tions began MPs have made a 
number of claims about 
JMB's affairs and the way the 
bank was run. 

According to Customs 
sources, gold worth more than 
£5 million is involved in the 
VAT case. JMB had bought 
gold as pan of its role as a 
bank dealing in gold bullion 
and it had paid VAT as it was 
required to do to suppliers. 
VAT rules require gold suppli- 
ers to collect 15 per cent VAT 

In a statement after the 
announcement of the Cus- 
toms investigation, 
codenamed "Operation 
Entente", the Bank of England 
said :“JMB are providing 
assistance to Customs by con- 
finning from their records 
certain transactions in gold. 
JMB appear to have bought 
gold and paid the VAT to 
suppliers who failed to pay the 
VAT # JMB are of course 
cooperating fully with Cus- 
toms and their hope is this 
matter relating to transactions 
undertaken by certain bullion 
traders will be clarified 

Fifty Customs investigators 
were involved in yesterday's 
operation, which involved 
raids or visits to 27 premises. 
Yesierday morning Customs 
officers examined JMB 
records and then sent out 
search teams. The 25 kilos of 
gold were recovered in west 

Investigator believe gold 
was bought from Swiss banks 
and then smuggled to 
Britain.ln a number of recent 
VAT frauds gold has then 
been put on the market by 
apparently legitimate compa- 
nies registered to collect VAT. 

When Customs investiga- 
tors then began to check the 
companies they found they 
had been set up by individuals 
trading under false names. 

Militant end ‘in sight' 

Labour's onslaught against 
Militant marked the begin- 
ning of the end for the 
Trotskyist tendency in Liver- 
pool. Mr Neil Kinnock said 
last night (Richard Evans 

He said the evidence uncov- 
ered during a three month 
internal inquiry was “of such a 
nature and of such seriousness 
as to have wide implications”. 

Mr Kinnock was asked to 
comment on the remark by 
Mr Charles Tumock. who 
headed the inquiry, that the 

beginning of the eradication of 
Militant in Liverpool was 

He said: “That statement 
was absolutely correct”. 

“An inquiry needs evidence 
and when there is evidence of 
activity and organization 
against the constitution then 
effective action is taken. Ac- 
tion is being taken” 

It appears unlikely that the 
evidence against up to 16 
Militant supporters in Liver- 
pool will be published. 

Labour's thorn, page 2 

of Wales being presented with a bnttonhole yesterday when he and the Princess 
of Wales visited a job-creation centre in Bnxton, sooth-east London. 

guard in 

Former England Test crick- 
eter Geoff Boycott was yester- 
day under guard at a Pott of 
Spain hotel after be was 
refused entry into Trinidad. 

The British Consol on the 
Caribbean island confirmed 
that Boycott, covering 
England's tour of the West 
Indies for the Mail on Sunday, 
and Matthew EngeL cricket 
correspondent for The Guard- 
ian , had been refused permis- 
sion to land by Trinidad 
authorities because they did 
not have work permits. 

The consul. Mr Wavell 
Magor, said they were being 
held under guard at the Holi- 
day Jan in the capital hhtO the 

Mother freezes to 
death outside 
neighbour’s door 

A 29-year-old mother is 
believed to have frozen to 
death yesterday just feet from 
a friend's front door. 

Mrs Moira Thompson was 
apparently on her way to 
collect her two children from a 
neighbour's home when she 
collapsed in sub-zero tempera- 

priority (Nicholas Timmins 

The independent Chief Ad- 
judication Officer at the De- 
partment of Health and Social 
Security told local DHSS of- 
fices that given the unusually 
cold weather - the coldest 
February since 1963 in many 

tures in the garden. She was ' parts of the country - it was 
wearing only a dress. “surprising” that more offices 

Mrs Thompson, who was . had not declared the payments 
separated from her husband, to be available. 

had been out for the evening 
with a friend. She left her 
children, Jackie, aged 13. and 

Mr Tony Newton. Minister 
for Social Security, said yester- 

Paul. aged eight, with Mrs day that 360 out of a total of 
Tricia Cant in Tegfan, 450 offices had now declared 

Llan samlet, Swansea. 

the payments to be available 

'«« «" .0 m„y- for 

Mr Magor said die men had 
* arrived from Kingston, Jamai- 
ca on a British West-Indian 
Airways flight late on 
Wednesday night, 

“They were asked what they 
were bore for- They said they 
were writers covering the 
cricket, and were toM, *You 
don't have a work permit, 
ignorance is no excuse'." 

Boycott and Engel were 
taken under escort from Piarco 
airport, 20 utiles outside Port 
of Spain, to the Holiday Ion. 
where they are being guarded 
in adjoining rooms. 

Mr Magor said Sir Martin 
Berthoud, the British High 
Commissioner, was meeting 
senior officials “to protest and 
to ensure fair treatment” 

He said several journalists 
were already in Port of Spain 
and be understood one bad 
been allowed to land without* 
work permit 

Boycott said last night that 
be was staying “calm and 
cool” inside his hotel, waiting 
for a call from Sir Martin. 

“Matthew Engel and myself 
have been refused entry be- 
cause we have no work per- 
mits. We arrived last night 
from Kingston, Jamaica, mid 
were told immediately that we 
had no work permits to work 
as journalists”. Boycott said. 

“We had not been told about 
this before. We have been told 
to stay inside the hotel" 

He sakh“I have no idea 
what will happen to us 

. MaDnt expected the chil- and that “the effect of this new 
Sren to be ewerootfe • 

mortting:- But after arriving areas are likely to be 
hon>C-8i 2afo M* Thompson 'designated^. .... 

set off for Mrs Cam's council 
house. It was only 150 yards 

Actual help with fuel bills, 
however, will not be available 

not be available 

neighbour. Mr Garry 
Coombes. found her body 
early yesterday. 

Mrs Cant said Mr Coombes 

may want to see a comparison 
with previous fuel bills. 

The official Meteorological 

tanged on her door shouting office |j„e j s ^ai by Tuesday 
that there was a body in the ^ blocking weather pattern 


“I was stunned when 1 
realised it was Moira. She was 
blue all over and looked 
horrible.” she said. 

South Wales police refused 
U> reveal the findings of a post 
mortem examination, but said 
foul play was not 

which has locked Britain into 
cold easterly winds will be 
breaking up, and wanner air 
from the Atlantic will reach 
Scotland and Northern Ire- 
land on that day (Robin 
Young writes). 

This should bring warmer 

suspected. Hypothermia was and more changeable weather 
the most obvious cause of to the south by Wednesday. 

death, bearing in mind the 
weather, ft was minus 5C at 
the lime. 

• Dorset firemen were last 
night battling to control a large 

Local social security offices fire which strong winds were 
were told yesterday to make driving towards British 
extra heating payments to Petroleum's Wytch Farm 
people on supplementary ben- oilfield, near Cone Castle in 
efit “a matter of urgency" and Dorset. The fire has destroyed 
to make publicizing the pay- most ofGodlinston Heath and 
menu and ensuring the elderly may hava endangered some 
and others receive help a rare plants and animals. 

Lord Hailsham to wed 
his former secretary 

By Robin Young j 

Geoff Be 

. stay 


itt, ordered to 
ide hotel 

Lord Hailsham, the Lord 
Chancellor, is to marry for a 
third time, it was announced 

His bride will be Miss 
Deidre Shannon, his former 
legal secretary, who went to 
work for him in 1948 when he 
returned to the bar after the 
Second World War. Lord 
Hailsham is 78 and Miss 
Shannon 57. 

Miss Shannon, now a senior 
secretary in a London research 
establishment, was a dose 
'friend of both Lord Hailsham 
and his second wife. Mary, 
who died in 1978 after a 
marriage which lasted 34 

Toll mounts in Cairo fighting 


From Robert Fisk,Cairo 

Despite repeated assertions 
by the Egyptian Government 
that security had been restored 
to Cairo after two nights of 
fighting between Egyptian 
troops and mutinous security 
police, soldiers and rebel para- 
military forces opened fire on 
each other again near tire 
Pyramids yesterday. 

The fighting was at least 
isolated and a 24-hour curfew 
— relaxed for three hours 
during tire day to allow the 12 
million people of the city to 
obtain food — was still in force 
last night as troops loyal to 
President Mubarak patrolled 
the streets in armoured per- 
sonnel carriers and tanks. 

The lastest battle took place 
around the camp belonging to 
the Central Security Police at 

Giza, where the original muti- 
ny against the Government 
broke out on Tuesday night 

Reporters who managed to 
reach the scene on the edge of 
the desert behind the Mena 
House Hotel found Egyptian 
soldiers firing into die com- 
pound with automatic weapons 
and tank cannon. If the vio- 
lence has now diminished, Mr 
Mubarak's own credibility — 
indeed, the future of his regime 
here - looks less certain. 

The President's senior polit- 
ical adviser, Mr Osama al- 
Baz. is insisting that the street 
battles, which cost tbe lives of 
at least 36 people, did not 
cons titme a mass uprising. 

“Ninety-nine per cent of the 
Egyptian people oppose this 
because it does not represent 
their views or aspirations," he 
maintained yesterday. 

Nevertheless, tbe participa- 
tion in fighting in other rides 
of fundamentalist elements, 
together with growing signs of 
anti-Western feeling oo the 
streets of Cairo, suggest that 
Mr al-Baz's summary of the 
situation could be hopelessly 

Opposition politicians here 
are already demanding the 
r esignati on of Mr Ahmed 
Rushti, the Interior Minister, 
who theoretically controls the 
security police, and President 
Mubarak may be lucky if the 
departure of this senior minis- 
ter and close personal friend is 
the only price he has to pay. 

Although the Government 
still says that the mutiny was 
instigated by “false rumours" 
that terms or enlistment were 
being extended from three to 
four years, there can be little 

doubt that Egypt's economic 
problems lie behind the vio- 

Of the 36 people whom the 
Government here acknowl- 
edged to have been killed, 32 
were from tbe security police, 
two from the Army and two 
Chilians; 273 of the 321 people 
wounded were security police- 

The Government, however, 
is less anxious to disclose the 
number of people arrested 
without charge although unof- 
ficial estimates say that as 
many as 2000 may have been 
taken prison. 

• LONDON: The Foreign 
Office yesterday advised Brit- 
ish holiday tow operators to 
keep away from Egypt for the 
time being (Nicholas -Ashford, 

Leading article - page 17 

The Lord Chancellor 
beamed at peers in the House 
of Lords as he opened 
yesterday's proceedings, but at 
that lime few knew about his 
forthcoming marriage. Mr 
Richard Stoate. Lord 
Hailsham's private secretary, 
said that it had been kept 
secret because both Lord 
Hailsham and Miss Shannon 
were keen to have as quiet a 
wedding as possible. But they 
have not announced a the 
exact date. 

Lord Hailsham married his 
fust wife. Natalie, in 1932 but 
was divorced 11 years later. 
He has two sons and three 
daughters by bis second mar- 

Pound falls to 
record low 
against mark 

The pound foil to its lowest 
ever level against the German 
mark yesierday. as oil prices 
dropped. Sterling lost four 
pfennigs to DM329. 

TV sterling index was 
down U 6 points to 74.7. while 
ngainst\generaJly.weak dollar 
the pound dipped 60 points to 
S 1.4832 \ ■ ■ 

Share p«e$ rose to new 
highs, with itoarkeis encour- 
aged bv the %nproved pras- 

Share p* 
highs, with i 
aged by the 
pects for 
lower pound 
FT 30-sharc 
points to a rt-i 
of 1281.5. 

■ The pncJ 
Brent cnidi* 
April fell WSc 

ts that the 
bring. The 
x rose 1 1.3 
clqsing high 

/ of Worth -Sea 
oil for delivery in 
iow $15 & barrel 
Details, .^age 21 

Ulster link to 
Britain at risk 
says minister 

By-Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

The Government warned does and if it lakes place in the 
leaders of the Ulster Unionists name of Unionism I believe 
yesterday that they were that it would lead to tne 
threatening the union with erosion of support for the 

Britain, and appealed to them union in me unucu 
to call off Monday's strike in Kingdom." 

** All the Unionists MPs. 

glo-lnsh agreement. apart from Mr Enoch payroll. 

Ministers told Unionist again boycotted the 40-mi nutc 
leaders that they would bear Question Time session lor 
the responsibility for lives and Northern Ireland ministers, 
jobs pul at risk by their Remarking on their absence 
actions, and the Prime Minis- Mr King said:“l know the 
ter declared in the Commons strength of feeling there is over 
that the strike would not this matter in Northern Ire- 
deflect the Government from land. I respect that 


its determination to imple- 
ment the agreement. 

“All of us who are demo- 
crats know it is this chamber 

The Cabinet yesterday dis- j n which those matters 
cussed the latest breakdown in whould be discussed and ar- 
relations between the Govern- gued. A policy of abstention, 
ment and the Unionists and it an unwillingness even to enter 
was clear from the strong into debate and argument, is 
language of ministers after- no t a policy of strength but a 
wards that the possibility of a policy of weakness and a 
breach in the union is not policy of disaster." 

In the Commons. Mr Mr Kingsaid that every step 

Merlyn Rees, the former La- t wou,d r ^. !ak i% c "^ 1 

hour Secretary of State for Monday to ensure the protcc- 
Notthem Ireland, said that uon of the cu^n and to help 
while it was tine there was no defeat the cureeofmt.mida- 
way in which the North could Bu , 1 he ' »' d 
be put into the South against ****** “ rt ? ,n ou J co ™ 
its wishes, it was equally true ’j ,s l . haf J* S° ,n 8 ,0 . 
that the union between Britain damaging to jobs inaprovmcc 
and Northern Ireland could be that desperately needs more 
broken by the Unionists and 

there was a grave danger that 
it might happen. 

Mr King warned that 
Monday's strike could put 

Mr Tom King. Secretary of great strains on the resources 
State for Northern Ireland, of the security forces. “In that 
replied: “1 do fear that the respect it may put at risk 
threat to the union could come others. particularly if there 
from those who most claim to ^re . l0 be problems with 
espouse it. At the moment terrorism. 

The ^mc Minister last 

on a course in direct collision 

night had an hour-long mcei- 

SUreUSt* C nf in & W ' th Mr John Hume. 

® leader of the Social and Dem- 

the United Kingdom. This is a 
very serious matter." 

ocralic Labour Party, in which 
he reaffirmed his pane's w-ill- 

Mrs Thatcher said later that ingness to enter discussions on 
she hoped the strike would not devolution at any time with- 
take place, but added: “If it out preconditions. 

Barclays abolishes 
; mortgage premium 

■ . ByRkhartf Thomwn, Banking Correspondent 

Barclays Bank yesterdavfol- lions in their endowment 
lowed the other leading banks rates. “The endowment pre- 
in stepping up competition in return is dead. Mr John 
the home loan market by Baytak general manager of 
abolishing the premium on the Abbey National, said, 
endowment mortgages. Mr BayJiss said that build- 

It now looks inevitable that ing societies had a higher 
building societies will follow proportion of endowment 
suit in the next few weeks. borrowers than the banks, so 
Barclays is cutting its en- repayment rales might have lo 
dowment rate from 14 per rise slightly to make up the 
cent to 13 per cent .for about loss in revenue. 

1 0.000 existing borrowers. He added that mortgage 
This will mean a reduction in rates in general would foil by 
monthly repayments - of £1.70 about hair a percentage point 
for every £1.000 borrowed- around Budget time if bank 
The interest rate on ordinary base lending rales fell, 
repayment mortgages remains Earlier this week National 
at 13 per cent. Westminster and Midland 

Barclays is also doubling its abolished the extra- charge on 
maximum mortgage from endowment mortgages, al- 
£100.000 to £200,000. though Lloyds was the first 

Building societies reacted to bank to do this for new 
the news by promising reduc- borrowers. 

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to convict miners 
murder were ‘ 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Legal guidelines which mis- careful direction by the judge 
led a jury into convicting two to the jury as to the state of 
Welsh miners of murder were mind that had 10 be proved 
“defective", the House of before they could return a 

Lords ruled yesterday. 

Giving reasons for their 
dccison last December to up- 
hold the substitution of man- 
slaughter convictions against 
the two miners. Lord Scarman 
said that, as they stood, the 
guidelines were "unsafe and 
misleading". They should not 
be used without “farther' 

The five Law- Lords upheld 
the decision by the Court of 
Appeal to alter the convictions 
against Reginald Dean Han- 
cock. aged 22. and Russell 
Shankland. aged 21. who 
caused the death of David 

Wilkie, a taxi driver, as he 
drove a working miner to the 
pit during the miners' dispute. 

Mr Wilkie was crushed 
when a concrete post dropped 
from a bridge hit his cab. 

The two men. of Rhymney. 
Mid Glamorgan, were sen- 
tenced at CardifTCrown Court 
to life imprisonment for mur- 
der but successfully appealed 
to the Court of Appeal, which, 
substituted, eight-year jail 
terms. The Crown in turn 
appealed to the House of 

In their defence. Hancock 
and Shankland said that they 
had meant to block the road to 
stop the miner going to w'ork 
but had never intended to kill 
or seriously harm anyone. 

Giving judgement yester- 
day. Lord Scarman said that 
the case had called for a 

verdict of murder. 

The trial judge's direction as 
to the intention required by 
law was “impeccable" and 
when he had come to help the 
jury on the facts flic judge had 
offered guidance along the 

lines proposed by the House of , fundsi 

drawn- up by the hard-left 
Campaign Group of Labour 

Its provisions include 
review of ail cases of miners 
convicted of criminal of- 
fenccs-including two jailed for 
manslaughter, reinstatement 
of dismissed miners and reim 
bursement of sequestrated Na- 
tional Union of Mincworkers* 

Lords in. Moloney, a case 
which' concerned a soldier 
who “shot the father who 
lov cd him fn a drunken duel' J . 

The' Cardiff jury had been 
“plainly periled" by. the legal 
issues 'in the case. Lord. 
Scarman ‘said. The Moloney 
guidelines, as they stood, were 

“unsafe and unsatisfactory”. 

There was always a danger 
that general guidelines might 
be misleading in some cases 
and he would not advise their 
use by trial judges when 
summing up to a jury. 

Lord Keith of KJnkel. Lord 
Roskill. Lord Brightman and 
Lord Griffiths agreed in dis- 
missing the appeal. 

• Mr Tony Berin was heading 
for another clash with Mr Neil . 
Kinnock last night after intro- . 
ducing a Justice for 
Mincworkers Bill which he 
promised would become law 
under the next Labour govern- 
ment (Richard Evans writes). 

The Bill, which is being 
circulated to every - Labour 
constituency party and trade 
union in Britain, is based 
specifically on a resolution 
passed by last year’s party 
conference and has been 

Members of the breakaway 
. Union . ‘of Democratic 
' Mmeworkers. were warned 
yesterday of- "violence-, rand 
intimidation” opposing their 
attempts to restore democracy 
to the coalfields^ 

Mr NcilGreairex. president 
of Nottinghamshire UDM. 
told delegates to the area's first 
annual conference at Sunon- 
in-Ashfield. to avoid the "de- 
structive tactics” of the 
National Union of 

He referred to “ scandal- 
mangering and lies" perpe- 
trated by the NIJM and 
added: “They will attempt to 
destroy democracy". . 

Mr Greatrcx said the UDM 
hoped that democracy would 
be restored to. “all 
mineworkers . in Great 
Britain”. . 

■ But he added: “I appeal to 
all of vou. don't slacken off 
Don't think the battle is won. 

MrGreauex- who was mak- 
ing the opening address, said 
that the UDM faced a “most 
traumatic" two-year period 
but it was establishing itself as 
a “national union in every 

r BBC fears threat to control 

The BBC Board of Gover- 
nors yesterday criticized Mr 
Winston Church ill's attempt 
to extend the Obscene Publi- 
cations Act to television on 
the ground that it could lead lo 
a lowering of controls on sex. 
violence and strong language. 

In a debate which the BBC 
described as wideranging. an 
indication that there was some 
division among governors on 
the subject, the board said the 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

of offensi ve material on televi- 
sion at the BBC's request and 
an internal executive team is 
to look at the existing guide- 
lines on violence- 

Biil would result in the impo- 
sition of its minimal provision 
on broadcaster, and not the 
“more stringent and compre- 
hensive standards" laid down 

in internal guidelines. 

The board reaffirmed its 
belief that the BBC had a 
responsibility to maintain the 
highest standard, and said that 
this was a cardinal concern 
A team of independent 
academics is to studv the level 

The governors said they 
confirmed their support for 
creative programmes and 
their belief that the judgement 
of programme makers should 
continue to be informed by 
internal guidelines which re- 
flect practical experience 

l _. 

» ■ ■ m iwmiu ii j u 99 

■HE^MAjEStv We queer? QtMU 


rsjw* ■ -‘-ret 

SixtiediBinJiday ljp: Sixtieth Birthday 17 pt 
* 1 

The Post Office has issued a special 
set of stamps to mark the Queen's 
sixtieth birthday on April 21. 

Each stamp (shown above) represents ' 
three decades in the Queen's life; the 
first -showing Princess Elizabeth aged 
two in 1928, then at the age of 16, then 1 
the young Queen soon after her 
accession, a 1958 appearance on 
Buckingham Palace balcony, wearing a 
headscarf at Badminton Horse Trials 
and the last, a formal portrait taken by 
Lord Snowdon in 1982. 

The man who chose the pictures, Mr 
Jeffery Matthews, a freelance designer, 
said the idea was to show “a picture 
album of the Queen -through six 
decades".. . „ - 

The stamps will be available at most 
Post Offices from April 21. 

. On her birthday the Queen will 
attend a service of thanksgiving in St 
George's Chape L, Windsor. 

In the evening she will attend a gala 
performance at the Royal Opera House, 
Covent Garden. 


out 'or 

will close’ 

Liverpool Militant jewel a 
septic thorn in Labour side 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

In 1981, before Labour's 
rational executive decided ou 
the expulsion of Militant's five 
leaders, it was daimed that the 
Trotskyist tendency had sap- 
porters in 400 constituency 
Labour parties. 

At the time. Mr Ted Grant, 
the founding hither of the far- 
left sect, said: “We w31 reach 
the other 200 as wdL We have 
about 60 foil-time organizers”. 

When the five leaders were 
formally expelled four years 
ago it was estimated that 
Militant's membership a um- 
bered tunuare than 3^509. The 
latest estimate is that member- 

their daily quota of newspa- 
pers across their chests in 
order to hide their conference 

It is an offence trader the 
Labour constitution to belong 
to a secret organization with 
its “own programme, princi- 
ples and policy for distinctive 
and separate propaganda, pos- 
sessing brandies in the 

Yet it is well known that 
Militant has branches 
throughout the country. Dur- 
ing the Bournemouth confer- 
ence, Militant carried 
messages of support from as 

Glasgow Pbliok and Glasgow 

Sfcip^&’abdot 7,900, that there - r far afield - as- Glasgow, East- 

are 150 foil-time organizers 
and that Labour^ party within 
a party has more money and a 
more sophisticated political 
maeftfoe tfr&n vMr hleil 
Kinnock could dream of. 

Labonr leaders and party 
officials constantly dkmfos the 
power and influence of Mili- 
tant. Mr Kinnock this week 
called it a splinter of a party 
which boasted 350,000 mem- 
bers. His previous description 
of the Liverpool tendency as a 
maggot was more colourful 
and just as inaccurate. 

Militant is a thorn in 
Labour's side. The wound has 
gone septic and the poison has 
spread throughout the party’s 
national network, with partic- 
ularly strong power bases in 
Merseyside, South Wales, 
Scotland and London. 

At the last Labour confer- 
ence in Bournemouth, Mili- 
tant sellers were present in 
force, most of them bolding 

■Kilbride, Sunderland. Gates- 
head, -Newcastle, Nottingham, 
Sheffield, Leeds, Cov en tr y. 

Watford, Har- 

Bot Mr Dave Neifist, MP 
for Coventry South East, and 
Mr Terry Fields, MP for 
Liverpool Broadgreen, both 
avowed Militant supporters, 
hare been reselected as candi- 
dates for the next election. 
'They have also been endorsed 
by the wnrtnuai executive. 

Expulsions are reported to 
have taken . place in Black-, 
born. Rhondda, Warley West. 
Newcastle East, Mansfield, 
Havant, Newcastle-under- 
Lyme, Isle of Wight. Sheffield 
Attercliffo Und Telford. Two 
Cardiff Militant supporters, 
Mr Chris Prasumd Mr Tony 
Wedlake, arerow set for 

By Peter Davenport 

Labour Party branches m 
Liverpool will beclosed if they 
defy the national executive 
committee and allow expelled 
Militant members to attend 

The warning was given 
vesiertiav by Mr Ray GiSL 
Labour's north-west regional 
organizer, who will oversee 
the reformation of the party, 
machine in . the city. Sixteen 
party members in Liverpool 
have been called to answer 
charges of Militant member- 
ship at next month's meeting 
of the NEC and it is likely that 
up to 10 of them, including the 
council's deputy leader. Mr 
Derek Hatton, will be ex- 

However, six constituencies 
and 33 wards in Liverpool 
have already voted against 
accepting expulsions. They 
may also select expelled indi- 
viduals as candidates for local 

Yesterday Mr GGI said: 
"Once expelled, they will be 
ineligible as candidates. . It 
may mean candidates having 
to be imposed on branches." 

Mr Gill added that if the 
Labour group in Liverpool 
insisted on regarding Mr 
Derek Hatton as its deputy 
leader, even after expulsion, 
the NEC would have to rule. 

“My advice would be that, 
once expelled, a person can't 
participate in Labour .Party 
business. You can't use back- 
door methods to get what you 

However, an indication of 
the difficulties that lie ahead 
for Labour in its battle to rid 
its' ranks of Militant came 
yesterday from Mr Hatton. 

He said: "The party in 
Liverpool has said, and many 
branches and constituencies 
have said already, that they 
won't let constitutional ma- 
noeuvres stand in the way of 
the rights of wards and con- 
stituencies to choose 1 their 

The District Labour Party 
in Liverpool, where Militant 
exercised much of its influ- 
ence. is still in suspension and. 
until a new organization is 
created, party affairs will be 
dealt with by a temporary co- 
ordinating committee of rep- 
resentatives from constit- 
uencies. trade unions, socialist 
societies and the party's re- 
gional office in Manchester, as 
recommended in the -report of 
the NEC inquiry. • 

Mr GiH said that the reorga- 
nization would bring 

in protest 
at print 


expulsion by the national ex- 

Cambridge, - -costive. Farmer Militant can-Liveprooi mtoUine wit Mother 
Bournemouth, didates have also been ditched: big cities but he was aware it 

By Michael Horsnel! 

Members of Sogai '82 work- 
ing for newspaper wholesalers 
in the provinces arc threaten- 
ing to leave the printing union 
after picket line vandalism by 
their London colleagues. 

Unless incidents, which are 
pan of the protests against the 
dismissal of 5.000 Sinking 1 
workers by News Internation- 
al are stopped members will 
cal) for a ballot on whether to 
remain in the union. 

The vandalism has centred 
on the distribution centre of 
wholesalers ' W.H. Smith at 
Northampton from - which 
copies of the three weekly 
supplements of The Times, 
produced on local presses, are 

Early yesterday. Sogat pick- 
ets from London, backed by 
members of other trades 
unions, daubed lorries leaving 
the centre and cars belonging 
to focal Sogat members with 
paint from aerosol cans. 

W.H. Smith employs 1.800 
.Sogaimen-at 90 depots, many 
of which have been plagued by 
pickets anxious to stop deliv- 
ery vehicles. 

Production of The Times 
literary, higher education and 
educational supplements re- 
mained unaffected by the 
picket and by a National 

Graphical Association threat 

to black production. 

Meanwhile, an attempt by a 
Sogat branch to secure a 
relaxation of the sequestration 
order of Hs £ 17 million assets 
failed in the High Court 

The union's London Cleri- 
cal and Administrative branch 
asked Mr Justice Taylor for 
permission to pay staff wages, 
an overdue telephone bill and . 
an electricity bill. ^ 

Refusing the application, 
the judge said the matter could 
be considered at a full hearing 
next Tuesday. 

The sequestration order was 
granted on February 10 for 
contempt of court after law- 
yers for News International 
said the union had ignored an 

* « > 


IV i. 


injunction requiring it to call 
iff a blacking instruction to 

Swindon, Bath, Bristol and 
The Wrekin. 

That's not to mention at 
least 12 constituencies in 
Wales, even more in London, 
and the concentrations of 
Trotkyist influence around 
Merseyside and Manchester. 

Labour's official response to 
such suggestions of influence 
is to point to the low-level 
expulsions that are taking 
place quietly within the con- 
stituency parties, and to the 
constituencies that have 
turned their backs on 
Militant's parliamentary 

Certainly, constituency par- 
ties have refused to select 
Militant supporters in Gates- 
head East, East Kilbride, 

in Brighton Kemptown 
Isle of Wight 


Bnt Militant held an open 
and public rally for more than 
4,000 of its supporters at the 
Albert Hall, London, in No- 
vember, and although Mr 
Kinnock would dearly love to 
get rid of the lot of them he is 
constrained by the practical 
realities of Labour politics; the 
left would not allow- it 

He is therefore left with the 
gesture of expelling op to 16 of 
Liverpool's leading Militants, 
knowing full well that their 
wards wifi still provide them 
with party cards and that 
Militant will remain as the 
jewel in the Troskyist crown, 
the thorn in Labour's side. 

may not be a smooth transi- 

"I might have to kick a few 
• backsides and knock a few 
heads together and I am quite 
prepared to do that." Last 
night the Labour group in 
Liverpool summoned a meet- 
ing of party members to 
discuss the NEC moves and 
next year's budget plans. It 
was expected to pass a resolu- 
tion opposing any expulsions. 

However, Labour Party of- 
ficials said the meeting had no 
power to take derisions and 
any resolution passed would 
not change the mind of the 

The meeting was boycotted 
by moderate Labour Party 



(At wicked prices.) 

Air Canada fly direct from London Heathrow 
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Air Canadian give you a Canadian ranch 
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naughty, if you're watching the weight.) Free 
drinks (tut tut). Headsets (very antisocial). 
Blankets and pillows %vell what would you 
expect). In- feet Air Canada will thoroughly 
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,iL 12 Wait 


Equal retirement age 

Private sector next in line 

By Nicholas T i mmin s, Social Services Correspondent - 

Officials at the departments because having one rale for "If 65 is chosen, women will 

the public sector and one for 

of Employment and Health 
and Social Security (DHSS) 
were studying yesterday the 
European Court’s ruling on 
retirement age as employers 
and the Government tried to 
work out its long-term impli- 

The immediate effect of the 
ruling seems to be limited. 
Women working in the public 
sector have won the right to 
the same retirement age .as 
men, and vice-versa. But em- 
ployers and the Equal 
tunities Commission (E 1 
believe that the Government 
will have to look more broadly 
at the retirement and pension 

Miss Helen Marshall won 
her case under the EEC’s 
Equal Treatment Directive, to 
which the United Kingdom is 
bound as a signatory to the 
Treaty of Rome. 

The Government has so for 
foiled to incorporate the direc- 
tive in UK law, but the 
European Court ruled that the 
State is nevertheless bound by 
it as a signatory of the treaty, 
and thus its employees, that is, 
those in the public sector, 
have recourse to it through the 

Private sector employees do 
not have such recourse be- 
cause the directive is not pan 
of UK law and retirement and 
pension ages are specifically 
excluded from the UK equal 
pay and sex discrimination 

As a result the Government 
would have to legislate to 
force private sector employers 
to provide equal retirement. 
Until that happens private 
sector employees would not 
have ground for seeking equal 
retirement age. 

The EOC said yesterday: 
-*1 “ w e believe they will have to 
Respond by changing the law 



the private just will not work 
in the long run." 

In the short term, the only 
practical impact of the ruling 
is likely to be that women is 
the public sector who want to 
stay on past the age of 60 will 
be able to do so where men are 
also allowed to, and that men 
in the public sector who want 
to accept the financial penal- 
ties of early retirement could 
insist on doing so where 
women have the same right 

However, that raises the 
issue of pension age, as op- 
posed to retirement age. State 

pension is paid at the age of 65 

men but at the age of 60 for 
women, so a man retiring at 
the age of 60 without an 
occupational pension could 
face five years with no income 
until he was 65. 

Calls for ‘decade 
of retirement 9 

still be able to get the state 
pension at 60 but cany on 
working, something that will 
become more attractive if the 
rales on how much you can 
earn before your pension is cut 
are abolished, as the Govern- 
ment has promised." 

The institute said it fa- 
voured a “decade of 
retirement” canvassed in the 
Government’s Green Paper 
on social security but left out 
of the Social Security BilL 
Ministers argue that a com- 
mon pension age of 60 would 
cost £2.5 billion a year net in 
extra pensions, and that even 
a pension age of 63 would cost 
an extra £500 million. 

But the ministers are still 
considering a flexible "decade 
of retirement" between the 
ages of 60 and 70, where the 
precise pension level would 
depend on the retirement age 

The DlHSS insisted yester- 
day that the ruling has no 
direct bearing on pension age. 
But the EOC and some em- 
ployers believe ihat, in the 
long ran, it wilL - 

The Institute of Directors 
said: "The Government is 
going lo have to work out- 
what its retirement policy is. 
Even if the Government does 
not legislate there will be 
pressure on private employers 
for a common retirement age 
and. whatever age employers 
chose, it will not in the long 
run be satisfactory. 

“Ifage 60 is chosen millions 
of men who do not have 
occupational pensions would 
face five years when they were 
not entitled to the state pen- 
sion and would fall back on 
social security. 

The difficulty would be that 
a person retiring at the age of 
60, whether a man or a 
woman, would get only 60 per 
cent of the state pension. That 
would be likely to place many 
on means-tested benefits. 

In addition, suefa a scheme 
would probably have to be 
phased in over a decade so 
that women approaching re- 
tirement, who now expect to 
be able to retire at the age of 60 
with a foil state pension, 
would not find themselves 

Civil Servants, both men 
and women, already retire at 
the age of 60. although men 
are more likely to be allowed 
to work beyond that. Teachers 
have a minimum retirement 
age of 60. with local education 
authorities in general insisting 
on compulsory retirement for 
both sexes at the age of 65. 

Errors led 
to loss 
of water 

A combination of errors led 
to 140.000 people being left 
without water when a 1 00- 
year-old mains pipe burst, it 
was disclosed yesterday. 

A committee of inquiry set 
up to look into the biggest 
emergency of its kind since the 
Second World War found 
much of the loss of water 
supplies over five days could 
have been avoided. 

The crisis, after mains burst 
in Leeds. West Yorkshire, on 
December 9, was due to a 
combination of poor records, 
missing identification mark- 
ers on key valves, and human 

The emergency cost 
£320.000. but the Yorkshire 
Water Authority chairman. 
Mr Gordon Jones, said the 
event could not have been 

The authority has approved 
an 1 (-point action plan to 
improve, pipeline mainte- 

Sogat members at wholesalers. 

The Prime Minister yester- 
day condemned a decision by 
the Labour-controlled Derby- 
shire County Council to ban 
The Times from local libraries 
because of the dispute over 
News International's, move to 
new premises at Wapping in 
east London. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher told 
MPs at Question Time:_“To 
ban newspapers is small- 
-minded. and; smacks of 

• censorship".- • - '• 

Tower Hamlets Council in 
London said ho further action 
was planned against Mr Ru- 
pert Murdoch's News Interna- 
tional after receiving 
assurances that the company 
is taking steps to reduce night- 
time noise at Wapping. 

Mr Ron Todd, general sec- 
retary of the Transport and 
General Workers Union, at- 
tacked News International for 
dismissing prim workers- 

The Advisory, Conciliation 
and Arbitration Service said 
last night that no approach 
had been received from the 
prim unions for talks with ” 
News International 

The traditional newspaper 
unions and t he electricians' 
union EETPU. which they 
accuse of taking jobs at 
Wapping. decided on making 
a joint approach to the compa- 
ny in an attempt to resolve the 

• Mr Neil Kinnock last night 
backed the lifting of the 
Labour Party's bah on speak- 
ing to News International 
journalists during the Fulham 
by-election (Philip Webster 

The first breach in the ban 
imposed after News 
International's move to 
Wapping occurred earlier this 
week when the party's power- 
ful campaign strategy commit- 
tee agreed that the ban was £> 
impractical and damaging to 
Labour's chances in the by- 
election campaign. 

The proposal will now go 
before the NEC on March 5. If 
passed. News International 
journalists will be able to 
attend Fulham press confer- 
ences and by-election events. 

\ conve 

mite dm; 



ra:,:, T C 

* .• 

Parliament, page 4 

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Synod report rejects 
image of women 
as brass polishers 

By Clifford Longley, Religious Affairs Correspondent 

Women in the Church of 
England arc no longer exclu- 
sively arrangers of flowers. 

■ polishers of brass and makers 
of tea. according to a church 
report published yesterday. 

Men now do these livings 
too. while women chair meet- 
ings. act as churchwardens 
and* read the lessons. 

A survey conducted for the 
General Synod in typical par- 
ishes found that only 6 per 
cent of church congregations 
had more men than women. 
Men arc still over-represented 
on local church committees, 
however, in spite of the trend 
the other way. 

Three-quarters- of the par- 
ishes had a men as treasurer 
in a third of them, all commit- 
tees were chaired by men. The 
‘’male chairman, female 
secretary" pattern for these 
committees is still strong. 

Men dominate as organists, 
with only 15- per cent of 
parishes having a regular 
woman organist Three out of 
four churches had women in 
the choir, however. 

Women were also in great 
demand as leaders of discus- 
sion groups, and in more than 
half the parishes women as- 
sisted in the preparation of 
candidates for baptism, con- 
firmation and marriage. 

In more than half the par- 
ishes in the survey, men took 
part with women in flower 
arranging and catering for 

Singer to 
pay costs 
of action 

Elton John* the rock auger, 
agreed yesterday to pay the 
legal costs of the late Dick 
James, his adversary in last, 

year's ■mhrmfltinn . pound 

High Court royalties case. | 
Mr James died two months 
after a judge rated that his 
organizatioii, Dick James Mn- 
sfc, had deliberately.niiderpaid 
royalties to Mr John and bis 
partner, Benue Tmqtin. 

A farther High Gmrt hear- 
ing began yesterday to consid- 
er exactly how much is dne to 
the pair, mid how legal and 
other costs sboald be net: * 
The bearing is expected to 
take several days. 

church functions- Men still 
had a monopoly of altar 
serving in about half the 

The survey took into ac- 
count a report from a group of 
women in Derby diocese, 
which said: "Traditionally, 
tasks to do with, for example, 
food, cleaning, flowers and 
children were largely assigned 
to women." 

But there was also a view 
that "women had no monopo- 
ly of being caring. It was clear 
from the list of jobs that 
women were encouraged to 
exercise leadership among 
children, and maybe among 
other women, but there was 
less evidence that this was 
practised in other areas of 
church life." 

The group which conducted 
and analysed the survey said 
in its report that exclusive 
concentration on the issue of 
women priests "allows jour- 
nalists to make extravagant 
statements" about the 
church's neglect of women. 

The group recommended 
positive action to give women 
greater representation at high- 
er levels in the church, includ- 
ing a policy of "head-hunting" 
to And and persuade suitable 
women to apply. 

The present imbalance did 
not. the group felt, demon- 
strate deliberate, 

discrimination against wom- 
en in the more senior church 

positions open to lay people. It 
was more likely due to lack of 
knowledge of women compe- 
tent to serve. 

It recommends that the 
General Synod should adopt 
guidelines for the appoint- 
ment or women to its boards 
and councils, at least for a 

On the management of 
finance, the survey found 
evidence of male monopoly. 
In church bureaucracy it was 
found that qualified women 
did not often apply for senior 
positions, although a quarter 
of the senior jobs at Church 
House. Westminster, were 
held by women. 

The report welcomes a new 
attention to the wording of 
advertisements for posts in 
Church House to ensure it was 
clear that applications from 
women and men were equally 
welcome. There was clear 
anxiety to see more women in 
senior posts. 

In other areas of adminis- 
tration. women had been ap- 
pointed to some- of the most 
responsible positions in the 
Church of England, such as 
vicar general of the province 
of Canterbury and Third 
Church Estates Commission- 
er. the survey found. 

Servants of the Lord (Church 
House Bookshop. Great Smith 
Street. London SW1; £5.50). 

m " - ■ 


not deliver 

The London Hospital ma- 
ternity unit at Mile End 
should have been dosed, a 
consultant obstetrician yester- 
day told the inquiry into 
allegations of incompetence 
against Mrs Wendy Savage. 

Mrs Marion Hall, senior 
consultant in obstetrics and 
gynaecology at the Aberdeen 
Maternity Hospital, made her 
comments after being told that 
it could take up to an hour to 
arrange for a Caesarean deliv- 
ery at Mile End because of the 
need to get an anaesthetist 
from the hospital's White- 
chapel site. 

"It is very difficult for me to 

New Blue Riband challenger 

Richard Branson, owner of the Virgin music 
and airline companies, displaying a model 
yesterday of the boat with which be hopes to 
recapture for Britain the Bine Riband 
Trophy for the fastest transatlantic cross- 

The team of six, which plans to attempt the 
record crossing in early July, will include 
Chay Blyth (left), who will be in change of 
the crew, Dag Pike (centre) and Steve 
R id gway. They were members of the crew of 
Virgin Atlantic Challenger I which sank last 
year, 138 nautical miles short of the record. 
The new boat, Virgin Atlantic Challenger U, 

is being built by Brooke Yachts, of 
Lowestoft, Suffolk, and will cost t\S 
million. It is capable of an average speed of 
45 knots and will have a strong aluminium 

hoft^ and revolutionary life-saving system 
in case of trouble. It will he powered by two 
turbo-charged diesel engines. 

The record time of three days, 10 hours, 40 
minutes for the crossing from Ambrose 
Light, New York, to Bishop Rock lighthouse 
in the Isles of Soil ly has been held by theSS 
United States since 1952 (Photograph: 
Soresh Karadia). 

Colour complaint by juror 

The trial of a man accused 
of the murder of seven-year- 
old Leonie Damley was de- 
layed at the Central Criminal 
Court yesterday after a black 
woman juror complained 
about the words "coloured" 
and "negroid" to describe the 
dead girl. 

Mr Justice Pain said he had 
received a note from the juror, 
one of a panel of eight women, 
one of them black, and four 
men. complaining 

The juror wanted the word 
"coloured" changed to 
"black” and the word 
"negroid" used to describe 
her hair altered to" Afro- 

The judge said therewas no 
objection to the child being 
called ‘black because that was 

UN convention to 
unite drugs fight 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The seizure of drug 
traffickers' assets and easier 
extradition arrangements are 
to be included in a draft 
United Nations convention, 
to be drawn up by August 15. 

The convention is regarded 
as the most significant indica- 
tion yet that countries are 
prepared to co-operate in the 
fight against drags worldwide. 

• The move was welcomed 
yesterday by Mr David 
Mel) or. Parliamentary Under- 
secretary of State at the Home 
Office and chairman of the 
interdepartmental group on 
the misuse of drugs. 

He said that Britain was 
already taking action of the 
type suggested for inclusion in 
the convention. The Drug 
Trafficking Offences Bill 
would provide for the confis- 

Jail for raider 
who caused 
victim’s death 

A burglar who specialized in 
raiding pensioners' homes was 
jailed for seven years yester- 
day for causing the death of a 

A jury at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court found John O'Shea, 
aged 30. guilty of the man- 
slaughter of Mr Joseph 
Romain, aged 79, a retired car 
pemer. of Han bury Sired, 
Whitechapel, east London. 

As O'Shea battered down , 
the from door ofhis home, Mr 
Romain tried to escape using 
bed sheets as a rope, but fell, 
suffering injuries which led to | 
his death. 

O'Shea, of Manchester 
Road. Isle of Dogs, when told 
of Mr Remain's escape, said: 
"He must have been crazy. I 
wouldn't have hurt him." 

cation of the assets of convict- 
ed drug traffickers and would 
allow the negotiation of bilat- 
eral agreements so that confis- 
cation orders could be 
enforced overseas. 

The convention will include 
measures to improve co-oper- 
ation between national law 
enforcement agencies. One 
aim mil be the development 
of techniques whereby entire 
drugs rings can be caughL 
Another object is to im- 
prove international judicial 
co-operation, particularly on 
evidence requirements. 

The development of the 
fight against drugs wifi be the 
main item at a world confer- 
ence of ministers being called 
by the UN Secretary General 
next year. 

for teacher’s 
poor love life 

A teacher whose sex life was 
affected by an elbow Injury 
after she fell off a chair whOe 
potting children's paintings on 
a classroom walk was awarded 
£26.198 damages at the High 
Coot in London yesterday. 

Mrs Myra Ridgeway- 
Browne, aged 53, of Wiltshire 
Road. Wokingham. Berkshire, 
had said that. the pain she 
experienced "had reduced con- 
siderably her sexual 
enjoyment". Deputy Judge 
Donald Keating, QC said. 

■ Mrs Ridgeway-Browne was 
a teacher at Wifdridmgs. 
Infants' School, Netherton, 
Bracknell, when the accident 
happened six years ago. She 
had to retire from teaching in 
1983 on medical grounds. 

And he was told by Miss 
Ann Goddard. QC. for the 
prosecution, that it was "sci- 
entifically acceptable" for the 
girl's hair to be described as 

The court heard earlier that 
detectives discovered a ginger 
hair tangled in Leonie's and 
three similar hairs were found 
on a blanket near her body. 

Patrick Reilly, a 24-year-old 
labourer, of Anson Road. 
Tufnell Park, north London, 
has pleaded not guilty to 
murdering Leonie in July 
1984. . 

Miss Goddard claimed that 
the ginger body hairs found 
with the dead giri. were micro-, 
scopically .similar to hairs 
.taken from Mr ReiHy.She said. , 
that fibres from his jacket 
were also- similar to fibres : 

Army sex 
jail terms 

Two paratroopers, given 
terms of imprisonment, with 
four others, for indecency 
against a woman soldier, who 
had accused them of gang 
rape, won big cuts in their, 
sentences in the Court of 
Appeal yesterday. 

Lord Justice Watkins said 
the victim was "dissolute and 
sexually depraved”. 

The most serious sentence 
that should have been im- 
posed on the six soldiers, 
formerly based at Bulfoni. 
Wiltshire, who received jail 
sentences of from six months 
to 18 -months for indecent 
assault, was six months. 

Private Michael 

ThoroughgoodL aged 23. jailed 
for 18 months by Winchester 
Crown Court on December 
J7. had his jail term cut to six , 
months. A six-month sentence 
imposed upon Lance-Corpo- 
ral Manin Bannister, aged 23. 
was halved to three months. 

Their four imprisoned col- 
leagues in the 1st Battalion. 
The Parachute Regiment, who 
were not before the court 
yesterday, will be told the 
court's decision and that they 
should lodge notice of appeal. 

All eight had been acquitted 
of raping the victim, a private 
! in the Women’s Royal Army 
Corps, based at LarkhilL Wilt- 
shire. and two other para- 
troopers had been fined for 
| indecent assault 

Lord Justice Watkins, sit- 
1 ting with Mr Justice Garland 
and Mr Justice Ognalt said 
the juiY would have none of 
tire victim's allegations of 
rape, and the actnal indecency 
alleged only minutes. 

The soldiers, the judge said, 
were fine men and good 
soldiers who had thrown away 
their careers for activity, albeit 
disgusting, that lasted for only 

Letters, page 17 

found on the dead girl's dress. 

Leonie was found dead in 
the dirty rubbish-strewn base- 
ment of Atkinson House, a 
block of flats in Austin Road. 
Bauersea, where she had lived 
with' her mother. Denise Car- 
berry, aged 24. and a young 

Leonie's throat was cut and 
her naked body mutilated in a 
"sexually motivated murder". 

The dead girl’s father, Mr 
Sylvan Darn ley, said he joined 
in a search for his daughter 

Hc heard a woman scream- 
ing and saw a woman kneeling 1 
and holding a torch. "1 knew 
that they had found my 
. Leonie.’Mie said. 

* In one, edition tf.Thc.Tintes 
yesterday- the dead girl's -name 
was incorrectly reported. 

The trial continues: 

Satanists tell of 
bugged house 

Derry Main waring Knight, He said be had accepted 
the self-confessed sa tarns t, Jesus Christ as his saviour in 
told the committed Christians 1984 "and I meant it". He and 
who bad given him £200.000: his mistress. Angela Murdoch, 
"1 don't have horns sticking prayed and read the Bible 

out ray bead", a court was told 

The letter was read out by 
Mr Michael Corkery, QC for 

He wrote a letter to all the the prosecution, at Maidstone 

donors after be had been 
arrested and questioned by the 
police but released without 
being charged. 

Crown Court where Mr 
Knight, aged 46, denies 19 
charges of obtaining £203.850 
by deception. He claims that 

Mr Knight said the satanists he needed the money to buy 
had told him the police had satanic insig nia to free himself 
bugged bis bouse in Dormans from the deviL 
Land, Surrey. But be told The letter was received by 
them triumphantly that be Mr Gordon Sam., of South 
had known the pohoe's mover W.n-nhnfnii gh, Harripchrr r an 

. ments for weeks. 

-j adviser to a religious, trust that 

• -"Satamsts -live araf wort lit . provided Mr Knight with 
nearly every trade and thousands of pounds. 


The trial continues today. 

"It is very difficult for me to 
understand an obstetrics hos- 
pital which does not have an 
anaesthetist. We have a ‘live- 
in' one who is always around", 
she said. 

"If you cannot do a Caesar- 
ean within 10 or 15 minutes 
then you should not be deliv- 
ering babies. " 

Mr John Hendy, counsel for 
Mrs Savage, told the inquiry 
that Mrs Savage bad once 
performed a Caesarean within 
12 minutes, and that during 
the day three operating the- 
atres were in use at Mile End 
with anaesthetists oo rite. 

Mr Ian Kennedy, counsel 
for the Loudon borough of 
Tower Hamlets, has suggested 
to .the inquiry that extra 
caution was needed in practis- 
ing obstetrics at Mile End 
because of the delays that 
could occur in arranging emer- 
gency Caesarean deliveries. 

Mrs Hall said the degree of 
attention paid by Mrs Savage 
to Mrs A.U.. a Bengali woman 
whose baby died eight days 
after a 12-hour labour, was 
“perfectly proper". 

Mrs Hall denied she was 
being “partisan" or attempt- 
ing to “excuse the 
inexcusable” in her comments 
on Mrs Savage's handling of 
the case, which other obstetri- 
cians have described as 
“bizarre" and 


She said she bad been 
impressed by the quality of 
Mrs Savage’s recordings. But 
she admitted "surprise" at 
Mis Savage's admission that 
she had not read the notes 
fully during Mrs A.U.'s 
progress during labour, and 
had missed a note saying that 
fresh, thick meconium had 
been found some hours earli- 
er, a sign That the “baby" was 

The hearing continues to- 

lital Councils 
uld blamed for 
liver danger 

:es’ to arts 

Hospital ma- By David Hewson 

. Mile End Arts Correspondent 

en dosed, a The Arts Council accused 
rician yester- Merseyside and Islington, 
inquiry into London, yesterday of plating 
ncompetence me arts in their areas in 
dy Savage. jeopardy through a "policy of 
Hall, senior non-co-operation" over fund- 
bsteirics and mg. 

he Aberdeen District and city councils in 
laL made her Liverpool and the London 
ting lold that borough of Islington had 
failed to offer a reasonable 
share of income to make up 
for the abolition of the Metro- 
politan authorities. Mr Luke 
Rittner. the council's secretary 
general, said yesterday. 

The financial problems 
which could follow abolition 
in April now threaten the 
future of Islington's Almeida 
Theatre and Liverpool’s Ev- 
eryman and Playhouse the- 
atres. Merseyside and 
Islington councils felt that 
they did not have a responsi- 
bility to make up the deficit 
caused by abolition. Mr 
Rittner said. 

The Arts Council was will- 
ing to supply £1 million of the 
£1.6 million needed on 
Merseyside, but local authori- 
ties had offered only £100.000 
for the ans so far. from one 

In Islington, the borough 
has offered to support only 
four local groups, at a cost of 
£130.000. against the Arts 
Council's £275.000. leaving a 
gap of between £300.000 and 
£400.000. The Almeida, which 
says it needs £250.000 a year, 
has been offered nothing by 
the local authority. 

Talks were continuing with 
Merseyside and Islington in 
the hope of increasing the 
sums available. 

The Arts Council has writ- 
ten to all its clients affected by 
abolition, saying that it will 
guarantee not to cut their 
grants this year. 

Narrow miss : 
for Princess ■ 

Princess Anne had a narrow • 

miss yesterday when a ceiling ; 
collapsed only eight feet from , 
where she was eating. The > 
Princess was with other diners 1 
at a buffet lunch at the Royal 
Bath and West showground, i 
Shepton Mallet, Somerset- 
Lord Margadale, a -former * 
Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire, 
who was directly nnderpeath, 
escaped unhurt. The meal 
went ahead after the danger • 
area was cleared. 




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BL loses monopoly claim on parts 

•There protected values assume that our current rates of boom are mamtamed. Bonuses depend upon 
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7 MARCH 86 

BL Iras tost its claim lo a 
monopoly, under the copy- 
right laws, on the manufacture 
of replacement spare parts for 
its cars. 

The Law Lords unanimous- 
ly allowed an appeal yesterday 
by Armstrong Patents, which 
makes replacement exhausts 
for the BL Marina..against an 
injunction banning infringe- 
ment of copyrigbL 

The decision is expected to 
have far-reaching conse- 
quences for all manufacturers 
whose products frequently re- 
quire replacement parts. 

BL had claimed, as owner of 
the copyright from which 
various spare parts are made, 
to be entitled to prevent other 
manufacturers making and * 

selling copies of its spares 
without licence. 

Armstrong, whose exhausts 
are made not by "direct" 
copying ofthe BL drawing but 
by "indirect"' copying of the 
part, had resisted the 
company’s claim that it must 
pay BL a royalty. 

Lord Tcm pieman said that, 
in practice. BL was tiaiminga 
monopoly. A similar monopo- 
ly could be claimed by other 
car makers or manufacturers 
of any article that required 
replacement pans. . 

BL has been seeking to 
protect the share of the multi- 
million pound vehicle spares 
market held by its Unipan 

But the "exploitation' of 

copyright law" for purposes 
for which it was never intend- 
ed had "gone far enough". 
Lord Templeman said. 

“I see no reason to confer on 
a manufacturer the right, in 
effect, to dictate the terms on 
which an article sold by him is 
to be kept in repair." 

Cars sold by BL could be 
kept in repair only by replac- 
ing the exhaust which was not 
patented. "BLare not entitled 
to assert copyright in their 
exhaust pipe drawing to defeat 
the right of ihe purchaser to 
repair his car’*, he said. 

Lord Griffiths. Lord 
Seaman. Lord Edmund Da- 
tics and Lord Bridge of 
Harwich agreed in allowing 
the appcaL 

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Leyland row • Sex discrimination • Ulster strike 

Leaders clash 
oh future of 
BL companies 

Law on retirement age may 
have to be changed 



An accusation that Mr Neil 
Kinnock. Leader of the Oppo- 
sition. wanted British Leyland 
to be a permanent pensioner on 
' the pockets of his constituents 
-was made by Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
during Commons questions. 
And she added: We do not 

"After Mr kinnock had com- 
plained that the Prime Minister 
; was 'not- serious about compe'l- 
■■rtt've tendering for BL. Mrs 
'Thatcher told him that if he had' 
such faith that others wanted to 
bid. many many pension funds 
■ with enormous assets belonging 

to the trades unions could buy 
into die company. 

The argument be gan when 
Mr Kinnock recalled that yes- 
terday the Prime Minister said 
she liked an upsuige of patri- 
otism but accompanied by ac- 

Is her idea of action or 
patriotism (he asked) selling off 
assets built up by the contribu- 
tions of the British people? They 
have put up. Does she really 
think they ought to shut up? 

Mrs Thatcher replied that by 
Tuesday there would be some 
indication of the numbers of 
people who washed to go ahead 
with bids and of the amounts. 

One cannot say any more (she 
said) until all tmse bids are in 
and then thoroughly discussed 
and considered. 

Mr Kinnock: Next Tuesday is 
the deadline. Does not that turn 
all her claims yesterday, and 
those of all previous days. that 
there might be a consortia of 
bids built up in an offer for 

which there was no prospect and 
for which there is a deadline? 

Does that not make all her 
claims absolute nonsense and 
show that she was never serious 
about competitive tendering 
and bidding? 

Mn Thatcher No. he 
talking nonsense. Those 
tcresred in makinga genuine bid 
- and the trades unions could 
have done the same thing - 
could have got the same 
information from the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry or 
through British Leyland. 

Mr KbmodcDoes she not 
know that the total combined 
assets of British trades unions 
are less than £500 million and 
the prospects of putting together 
bids for purchase are nonsense 

kinnock: Why flog it 
off to foreigners? 

When the British people have 
paid for a high tech company 
and many companies are turn- 
ing into profit why does she 
want to flog it off to foreigners? 

It was then that Mrs Thatcher 
spoke of the pension funds, with 
enormous assets. 

Pledge that yard 
will stay British 


There were cads for a statement 
to be made to both Houses of 
Parliament after Lord Lucas of 
Chilwortb. Under Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
said during question time in the 
House of Lords that he could 
give an assurance that the 
Vickers shipyard at Bam>w-in- 
Fumess would not fall into 
foreign hands. 

After he had told Lord Carver 
(Ind) he could give this assur- 
ance. a number of peers asked 
how he could gi ve this guarantee 
when bids were still being 

Lord Ctedwyn of Peurhos, Lead- 
er of the Opposition peers 
asked: Would he- clarify that? Is 
he saying clearly that there will 
be no purchasers other than 
British purchasers? 

Lord Lucas of Chilworth: I did 
not say that and that was not the 
question addressed to me. I gave 
an assurance the yard would not 
fall into foreign hands. 

Lord Diamond (SDPk By what 
method can he control that 
assurance? Does he mean there 
will be no foreign shareholders, 
or only a number below a 
certain percentage? 

Lord Lucas of ChBworth: Since 
the yard is one of the defence 
contractors and there are im-' 
plications for defence issues and 
national security, the Govern- 
ment through the Ministry of 
Defence, has assured itself that 
the yard will not fall into foreign 

When the bids are assessed in 
the light of skill, finance and 
commercial attributes of the 
bidder, some may be dis- 
regarded because that criterion 
will not be met 

In the light of yesterday’s 
judgment of the European 
‘Court of Justice in the 
Marshall case the Government 
will consider urgently whether 
any amendments should be 
made to its Sex Discrimination 
Act to clarify the Jaw and 

comply with a directive 
accepted by the United 
Kingdom in 1976. Mr Kenneth 
Clarke, Paymaster General, 
said in the Commons. 

I should make it clear (be 
added) that the directive and 
the judgment have no 
application to the 
determination of the qualifying 
age for state retirement pension 
purposes as this is expressly 
excepted by another European 

Mr John Prescott, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
employment said that since 
the ruling applied only to the 
public sector would the 
minister make whatever 
changes he had in mind equally 
applicable to the private sector. 
Will he also make it dear (he 
went on) that it applies to those 
public sector industries at 
present being privatized with 
legislation before the House 
today so that none of those 
workers are discriminated 

The ruling would provide an 
opportunity to harmonize 
public sector practices- This 
was a time for radical 
reassessment of the common 
pension age itself, as 
recommended by the 
Commons social services 
committee, as a contribution to 
reducing mass unemployment 
which once again had reached 
record levels. The House would 
welcome action in this area in 
preference to fiddling the 
unemployment figures which 
the Government spent so much 
time doing. 

Mr Clarke: We believed before 
the judgment that we were 
complying with this directive 
which was accepted by the 
Labour government and the 
legislation they passed which 
they thought complied with iL 
On public sector practices, the 
position is that employment 
policies of this kind and the 
question whether employees 
will be required to retire 

remains a matter for individual 
employers themselves. Not ail 
public sector employers, not all 
health authorities, have the 
same practices. 

The ruling made it dear that 
any policy an employer had 
should not discriminate 
between men and women. The 
requirement to retire at a 
certain age should be the same 
for both sexes. 

Sir Edward Gardner (Fylde, C): 
More and more people in this 
country are becoming fed up by 
having critical domestic prob- 
lems which affect a vast number 
of people and touch the pockets 
of every taxpayer decided in the 
European Court. (Conservative 
cheers) Has not the time come 
when the European Convention 
on Human Rights should be 
incorporated in domestic law so 
those cases can be decided by 
British judges in British courts? 
Mr Clarke said he knew these 
feelings existed but this was- the 
European court of justice not 
the European court of human 

Mr Richard Waluwrighf (Colne 
Volley. L) said the judgment 
came as no surprise to those 
who paid attention to the British 
Equal Opportunities Commis- 
sion. He asked the Government 
to help the 1.7 million women 
workers who were not entitled 
to a pension at 60 because of the 
age of their husbands. 

Mr Clarke said retirement pol- 
icy had been considered by the 

Mr Clarke said in the consulta- 
tions on the social security green 
paper nobody was able to solve 
the extremely difficult problems 
involved or had come up with 
any single solution. 

Mrs Renee Short (Wolver- 
hampton North East, Lab) said 
the Select Committee proposed 
that the Government move 
towards a flexible retirement age 
so why did it not indude this in 
the Soda! Security Bill? 

Mr Clarke replied that the 
judgment of the European Court 
had no bearing on the qualifying 
age for a state pension In 

Mrs Edwin Carrie (South 
Derbyshire. O said retirement 
did not necessarily mean a 

Mr Clarke said he rather wel- 
comed this ju 

jdgment in some 
ways and he thought feelings 

Clarke: A matter for 
individual employers 

Commons and put forward in a 
green paper. 

Mr Robert McCrimUe (Brent- 
wood and Ongar, Q said many 
occupational schemes were 
moving to an early and common 
retirement date. He suggested a 
common retirement age of 62!£. 

about an arbitrary age for retire- 
ment in Britain was growing. 
There was no state retirement 
age in Britain; it was decided 
between employers and employ- 
ees. There was a qualifying age 
for entitlement to a state pen- 

Ms Harriet Hannan (Peckham, 
Lab) asked for action to be taken 
to make sure this decision was 
understood by those responsible 
for retirement in the public 
sector at a local level. 

Mr Clarke said he expected 
most public sector employers to 
be reviewing their policies. 
William Clarke (Croydon 
South. Q asked what was the 
cost of a common retirement 
age of 60 or the saving from a 
common retirement age of 65. 
Mr Clarke replied mat those 
who believed the problems 
could simply be solved by a 
common retirement age of 60 
ignored the horrendous costs 

Mr Toby Jessel (Twickenham. 
Q: Can Mr Clarke tell me how 
this judgment is likely to affect 
one of my constituents who in 
1972 at the age of 46 claimed to 
have changed from being a man 
to a woman? (Prolonged laugh- 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
WcaihenilL This is an im- 
portant. technical point. 

Mr Clarke said this would be a 
decision for the Secretary of 
State for Social Services. 

on JMB 


Dr David Owen. Leader of the 
SDP. called on the Prime Min- 
ister during question time in the 
Commons to set up a tribunal of 
inquiry into the banking and 
gold bullion business of John- 
son Matthey Bankers in the light 
of developments earlier today. 

He asked: Is she aware that 
the Customs and Excise have 
today raided around 30 
premises, one of which is the 
headquarters of JMB? Is she 
further aware there have been 12 
arrests and the' Customs and 
Excise are investigating as much 
as £7.25 'million of gold bullion 
which it appears may have been 
smuggled into this country, and 
that (he Bank of England has 
confirmed that JMB are co- 
operating with the Customs and 

In view of the feet that the 
Prime Minister on August 2 
refused tny request to set up a 
tribunal of inquiry on the very 
issue of the unsoundness-. 

There are some £185 million 
of this country’s money in JMB. 
The Governor of the Bank of 
Engtahd has repeatedly said that 
the banking and bullion busi- 
ness of JMB is sound. Will she 
now set upa tribunal of inquiry? 

Mrs Thatcher replied: No. I 
understand that Customs offi- 
cers visited a number of 
premises today, including John- 
son Matthey. They visited those 
premises this morning in the 
course of investigating into pos- 

sible VAT irregularities involv- 
JMB bs 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Debate on 
business sponsorship of arts. 

Lord Bruce of DoningUm (Lab): 
We cannot' jeave it at that This 
is a matter which is in the 
bidding stage. He really does not 
know exactly how Uie Govern- 
ment is going to maintain 
British interest in the matter so 
why does he not say so? 

Times ban 
smacks of 


Lord Lucas of Chilworth: I do 
know and i have given an 
assurance that the point will be 
taken regard of. 

Lord Cledwyn: In view of the 
considerable uncertainty on the 
issue, will he ask the Secretary of 
Suite for Trade and Industry 
(Mr Paul Chan non) to make a 
statement in the House of 
Commons which can be re- 
peated here so that we may 
clarify this matter? 

Britain to press EEC 
on sex discrimination 


The Government was unhappy 
at the effect removal of sex 
discrimination legislation 
would have for small businesses 
and would be pressing the 
European Commission to re- 
think the provision. Lord Young 
of Graffhais. Secretary of State 
for Employment said when he 
successfully moved the second 
reading in the House of Lords of 
the Sex Discrimination Bill. 

Removal of the exemption for 
small firms had been hard for 
the Government to accept he 
said, because it had been de- 
signed to free such businesses 

from the burdens of inappro- 
priate restrictions. That did not 
mean the Government accepted 
sex discrimination as desirable. 
It should be possible to recruit 
whoever was best for a post 
irrespective of sex. 

But he could not believe that 
the law with all its complexities 
designed to meet the situation of 
larger employers offered the best 
way of securing sex equality in 
small companies. 

We accept the requirement as 
good members of the Commu- 
nity (he said) but we would wish 
the Community to consider the 
serious conflict between this and 
the other burdens resulting from 
Community directives. 

The banning of newspapers was 
both small-minded and 
smacked of censorship, Mrs 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister 
said in the Commons when the 
banning of The Times from 
public libraries and educational 
establishments in Derby was 
brought to her attention. 

Mr Peter Rost (Ere wash. Q said 
The Times had been banned by 
Derbyshire County Council be- 
cause of the dispute at Wapping. 
This was the latest example of 
the unacceptable face of social- 

Miss Joan Maynard (Sheffield, 
Brightside. Labi: In view of the 
Government’s insistence that 
the miners should hold a ballot 
during their recent industrial 
action, now that the Fleet Street 
print workers have held a ballot 
and voted seven to one in 
favour of industrial action, why 
is the Government not support- 
ing them? 

Mrs Thatcher said it was a year 
since the miners* strike ended, a 
strike which the Opposition 
supported through bitter cold 
weather. It was for the people 
Miss Maynard had referral to — 
the print workers — to make 
their own choice in a ballot and 
take the reasonable con- 
sequences that flowed from the 
choice they had freely made. 

Timetable for all 
Bills opposed 


Praise for 
export order 

Mrs Thatcher congratulated 
British Aerospace on winning an 
excellent order from Saudi Ara- 

Mr John Biffen, the Leader of 
the House, said he could not 
commend the automatic 
timetabling of Government 
Bills, recommended by the 
procedure committee, which he 
said was unwise and would be a 
rather one-sided trade-off to the 
advantage of the Government 
and its supporters. 

He was speaking during a 
debate on Commons procedure, 
mcluding timetabling, shorter 
speeches and applications for 
emergency debates. An all-party 
amendment to the 
Government’s motion to take 
note of the committee's recom- 
mendations. approved in prin- 
ciple the holding of an 
experimental implementation, 
during the next session of 
Parliament, of the recom- 
mendations on the timetabling 
of Government bills and on the 
lime of rising of standing 
committees (a limit of 10 pm). 
Mr Biffen said the committee’s 
major recommendation, on 
timetabling, was a radical pro- 
posal and had provoked consid- 
erable response. It bad 
recommended that a legislative 
business committee should de- 
cide whether a Bill was likely to 
take more than 25 hours in 
committee and would propose a 
timetable in standing commit- 

He shared the judgement of 
the committee that legislation 
should be as fully and carefully 
considered as possible. The 
committee also believed that 
extensive and automatic 
timetabling would benefit Gov- 
ernment backbenchers, 
Westminster’s silent and unsung 

heroes. It also suggested, more 
controversially, that time and its 
use for delay was not a particu- 
larly potent factor. Htdid not 
see that evidence for this could 
be other than anecdotal. In his 
judgement, the use of time could 
be crucial in political relation- 
ships.'. -: 

If he wot concerned soley 
with the despatch of Govern- 
ment business, he would wel- 
come such pervasive 
timetabling as now suggested. 
The legislative committee 
would have a Government 

majority. On balance he thought 
the Government would be 
advantaged by the committee’s 
proposals. Every government 
was tomorrow's possible oppo- 
sition. He asked Conservative 
MPs. in their moments of 
supreme confidence, to consider 
at least theoretically how these 
proposals would bear on 


Next week 

Tlw mala Ucm of bwliMM oast week 
win be; 

C— — i w» Monday. Debate* on Wdfli 
amtrs and EEC social fund. 

Tuesday: HouHuo (Scpgand) BIB. 
remamiod wage*: S imon an. wooed 

. Wednesday; Debate* on EEC 
development and annul report of 
European Court of Auditors far 1984. 

Thursday: Qpp o aiUod “ 

Pttgw of etdvrtjr. U 
men I Reorpar 
Ratway (CRy 

. Friday. Private membort’ modo rn . 
LorU: Monday; Outer Since am. third 
reading: Museum of London BID. 
ctxniuJnee stage; Debate on EEC 
committee report on television wlUv 
oui frontiers. 

Tuesday: t*ug Trafficking Offen ces 
SUL second reading: Law Reform 

(Parent and ra>u<u (ScotUixo bul 


second reading. Debatable quest! or oh 
' College of NunOTs 


NHS reorganization. 

lay: Debate* on law railing 


Vo chartue* and on ease for 

structure for universities and 
potyrectudes. Museums and Galleries 
fProfi I billon of ' “ 

of Admission Charges) 

BUL second reading. 

Legal Aid (Scottandl B&l. 

Thur sday: 

committee s 

lary Remains 

Protection of Mm- 

second reading. 

ing gold. JMB have issued a 

K statement Customs were 
vine the responsibilities 
laid on them by statute and such 
cases are not referred to min- 

Later. Dr Owen unsuccess- 
fully applied for an emergency 
debate on JMB’s transactions in 
the gold bullion market and the 
refusal of the Prime Minister to 
establish a public tribunal of 
inquiry into the matter. 

He said the House had at- 
tempted to discuss Johnson 
Matthey since October 1984 and 
there had never been a single 
specific debate on the issue. 

There were many implica- 
tions. It involved the Prime 
Minister because of her refusal 
on August 2 to set up an inquiry. 
It involved the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer (Mr Nigel Lawson) 
because of his repeated assur- 
ances about the Governor of the 
Bank of England's claim that the 
bullion trading of JMB was 
sound. And it involved the 
judgement of the Governor of 
the Bank of England. 

There was £1 75 million worth 
of public money at risk because 
of the Governor’s decision to go 
in and rescue Johnson Matthey 
and because of the 
Government's, acceptance that 
this money should not only be 
increased but maintained. 

It was therefore a matter 
which would have to come 
before the House. The matter 
was urgent because today they 
had seen JMB headquarters 
raided by the Customs and 
Excise under a warrant in order 
to look at the transactions in the 
gold bullion market About 30 
other premises around the coun- 
try had been similarly raided to 
see what had been happening. 

There had been 12 arrests, 
none of them involving JMB 

King warning to 
unionists on 
proposed strike 


personnel, and the Customs and 

cise believed that something 
like £7.25 million of gold bullion 
might have been smuggled into 
the country since April 1 985 up 
to 1 1 days ago. 

The issue went wider. There 
was reason to believe this 
smuggling of gold and the 
purchase of this gold at below 
market prices by Johnson 
Matthey had been continuing 
for some considerable period of 
time. It was on this issue of the 
bullion market of JMB he had 
been probing the Government, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer 
and the Prime Minister for such 
a long time. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard' 
Weauierill), in refusing the 
application for an emergency 
debate, said he did not in any 
way underestimate the im- 
portance of the matter and be 
was bearing in mind the earlier 
exchanges in the House. 

The threat to the union between 
Northern Ireland and Great 
Britain came from those who 
most claimed to espouse it by 
embarking on a course in direct 
collision with the views of this 
sovereign and imperial Par- 
liament of the United Kingdom. 
Mr Tom King, Secretary of State 
for Northern Ireland, said when 
questioned in the Commons on 
the threatened strike in the 
Province on Monday. 

He was replying to Mr 
Mertyn Rees (Leeds South and 
Motley. Lab), a former Sec- 
retary of State for Northern 
Ireland, who said: There is no 
way that the north can be put 
into the south of Ireland against 
the wishes of the majority. It is 
equally true that the union 
between Great Britain and 
Northern Ireland can be broken 
by the unionists and there is a 
great danger this might happen 
in the months ahead. 

Mr King sa id it was most 
unsatisfactory that those who 
called for support of the security 
forces then put a very real 
additional strain on them. 

I very much hope (he added) 
that aB those who have chosen 
and ann ounced embarkation on 
this policy will, even at this late 
hour, think again. It will be in 
the interests of nobody in the 

The only certain outcome of 
Monday’s strike will be to 
damage jobs in the Province 
which desperately needs jobs, he 

It was in the House of 
Commons that matters such as 
the future of Northern Ireland 
should be discussed and argued. 
A policy of abstention and 
unwillingness even to debate 
and argue was not a policy of 
strength but one of weakness 
and disaster. 

Sir John Farr (Harborough, Q 
asked earlier for an assurance 
that the security forces were 
folly prepared for the strike on 
Monday and ready to cope with 
any eventuality. Has the time 
come (he went on) to at least 
place the Anglo-Irish agreement 
in cold storage until such time as 
round tame conference takes 

Mr King; I very much regret any 
suggestion that there should be a 
strike on Monday. The RUC 
wifi be anxious to take every 
necessary step for the protection 
of law and order to enable law- 
abiding citizens to go aboni their 
business. That is a matter for 
them. In making a statement 
about law and order I very much 
regret that they should be dis- 
tracted from their important 
work of fighting against terror- 
ism to have to cope with the 
problems Monday may bring. 

Mr Harvey Proctor (Biflericay. 
Ck Will be .confirm that in the 
months before the Anglo-Irish 
agreement the number of sol- 
diers was reduced and that since 
the agreement the number has 
increased? Could he speculate 
how many more soldiers will 
need to be committed to North- 
ern Ireland as a result of the 

Mr King: The analogy he seeks 
to draw is false. The reason for 
the increase in forces numbers is 
because of increased terrorism, 
which bears out dearly my 
statement that this agreranent 
threatens only the terrorists. 
They recognize that, and are 
determined to take extra mea- 
sures in every way they can to 
seek to defeat iL They have 
launched a series of nasty 
attacks for the destruction of 
police stations and we have 
taken the necessary measures 
for their restoration, which has 
required extra forces. 

I hope everyone here will be 
determined to stand with us and 
say that if those forces are 
required for the protection of 
law-abiding citizens and the 
defeat of terrorism they will be 

Mr Martin Flannery (Sheffield, 
Hillsborough. Lab) said the two 
main Unionist leaders had 
virtually abdicated any political 
responsibility and that was 
bound to create difficulties next 
Monday. The likelihood was 
that the hard men would take 
over. Would Mr King ensure 
the widest mobilization of 

security forces and ensure that 
people who wanted to go to 

worit co aid do so without 
barricades and thugs 
preventing them as happened 

Mr King said ike threatened 
strike was likely only to divert 
the Royal Ulster Constabulary 
from their main task of 
policing the Province. It was 
up to (he police to make 
decisions in the circumstances 

likelv next Monday. 

Sir John Bif£S-Da risen 
(Epping ForesL C) said the 
agreement was aptly described 
in The Times today as a 
constitutional monstrosity. The 
consequences were predictable 
and had been predicted from 
the Conservative backbenches, 
ft was desirable that next 
Monday nothing should be said 
or done or not done that would 
endanger the security of jobs 
particularly at Hariand and 

• Later, during Prime 
Minister’s questions, Mrs 
Thatcher said: 1 wish to make it 
dear that should the strike go 
ahead on Monday the action 
will not deflect the Government 
from its determination to im- 
plement the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment which has the support of 
the overwhelming majority of 
both Houses of Parliament of 
the United Kingdom. 

She was replying to Mr David 

W nmi rfc (Walsall North, Lab) 
who asked her to reaffirm that 
the agreement would stand, 
regardless of what happened on 
Monday and that no amount of 
violence, mdnudation or para- 
military force would change the 
mind of the large majority of 
British people who were in 
favour of the agreement. If the 
power-sharing agre ement -had 
not been destroyed 12 months 
ago by the Unionists, he said, 
there would have been no need 
for this agreemenL 
Mr Jeremy Hayes (Harlow, Cj; 
Monday’s madness is not going 
to do anything to help cross- 
border security. Will he make it 
dear to those people who are 
seeking to set themselves up as 
the Afrikaaners of Ulster that he 
and this House are not going to 
be bullied into suspending or 
scrapping (he Anglo-Irish agree- 

Mr Seans Mattou (Ncwry and 
Armargh. SDLP): There are 
unionists in Northern Ireland 
who are not in favour of the so- 
called strike, who are in favour 
of the Anglo-Irish agreeme nt 
and who are not prepared to 
follow in the footsteps of the 
abominable no men on Mon- 

Will he confirm there is a very 
sizeable section of the popula- 
tion in Northern Ireland who 
are not Unionists and who are 



King: Strike *01 only 
damage jobs 

firmly in favour of the 
proposals in the Anglo-Irish 

Mr King: Certainly it is true 
there is significant support, 
certainly in the minority 
community, for the Anglo-Irish 
agreement. There are many 
more - an increasing number - of 
responsible Unionists who are 
now beginning to realize some 
of the benefits that can flow, not 
least in the movement of voters 
from the party that advocates 
violence to the constitutional 
nationalist approach. That is 
something of long-lasting bene- 
fit to everybody in the Province. 

• later. Dr Rhodes Boysoo, 
Mmtster 0 f State for Northern 
Ireland, said there was no doubt 
that if there was a wi despread 
strike on Monday in Northern 
Ireland it would have serious 
industrial repu missions. 

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Inquiry says riots have 
made Handsworth 
community worse off 

Jtl, ••• 




’Icir - 

Sir Geoffrey Howe Is the 
best political map reader in the 
Government. We sometimes 
forget this because be is not 
the most inspiring conference 
orator, nor someone for whom , 
we would always wish to 
switch channels on television. 
Bat be usually sees the terrain 
ahead more clearly than hk 

This makes his occasional 
analyses of die political scene 
especially interesting. The 
speech which he delivered to 
the Conservative Association 
at the London School of 
Economics on Wednesday 
could not have come at a better 
time because this is a ported of 
particular anxiety and confu- 
sion among Conservatives. 

Ought they to be preparing 
for the end of the Thatcher 
era? Should they be aiming to 
change their style bat keep 
their leader? Or should they 
simply concentrate on not 
being blown off coarse by slew 
unfavourable gusts of wind? 

The fundamental question 
for them is how much of the 
Thatcberrte revolution has be- 
come. or could be made, part of 
the accepted thinking; of this 
country. The trade mwm legis- 
lation certainly has. So has the 
sale of council booses and, to a 
lesser extent, the privatization . 
of industry. We are. grateful 
for the decline in inflati on 
when we bother to think about 
it. But perhaps the most 
important change has been the 
least tangible; a much greater 
sense of economic realism in. 
public discussion. 

! ;• Rioters in the Birmingham 
inner city area of Handsworth 

Iasi September achieved noth- 
ing for themselves or their 
community, according to an 
independent inquiry. 

Their rampage, which in- 
cluded looting and burning 
shops, had driven away des- 
perately needed jobs and wid- 
ened the existing golf of 

Mr Julius Silverman, the 
former Birminghman MP 
who conducted the inquiry for 

By Craig Seton 
the city council, saitf in his 
report published yesterday: 
“Everyone is now worse off". 

Two Asian brothers died in 
their petrol-bombed post of- 
' fice in Lazells Road, the scene 
of the worst rioting on the 
night of September 9, and 79 
police officers, eight firemen 
and 35 others were injured. 

Dozens of shops were de- 
stroyed or looted and 
was estimated at £16 million. 
Traders and manufacturers, 
Mr Silverman's report said, 

The Silverman recommendations 

• More police should be employed in the West Midlands area, 
increasing the force’s present establishment of 6,684 ofikm. 

• Policemen should be riot-shield trained hi so 

that they can be quickly mobilized and able to protect 
themselves in riots. 

• New police training schemes should be started and a new po- 
lice station built in TnoniliOl Road, in Handsworth. 

• Mere funds needed for yo u ng sfngfe -p era en bf nt tif f of 
the many homeless youths in the area. 

• More say for people in the running of their co mm un i t y and 
the expansion of commrmky programmes in Handsworth. 

• At least five more Afro-Caribbean teachers n**d r d in 

• More playgroups wanted for young children, so they can learn 
English before they go to school 

• More youth dabs and tee na ger s’ leisure facilities. 

• More money to finance jobs in the area by pumping rank hup 
the repair of buildings and services. 

• The G o v e rn ment should pm more money into the inner city 
partnership scheme far. Ha n dswort h and a government grant 
should be introduced for mum- city areas with special 
unemployment problems. 

had found that insurance for 
their pro per ti es and bank 
loans to promote business and 
jobs were even more difficult 
to net. 

He disagreed with the view 
of Mr Geoffrey Dear. Chief: 
Constable of the West Mid- 
lands, that the riots were I 
orchestrated by drug “b aro ns" 

He said racial discrimina- 
tion and the feeling of being 
discriminated against were 
part of the alienation felt by 
ethnic communities and were 
essential rf««nrnt» ia the cau$g 
of the riots. . 

The causes of the riots were 
complex. But mass unemploy- 
ment was a central tbeme 
from which many of the 
problems flowed. 

The important matter for 
the future was the evidence of 
social conditions, the mass of 
hostility, frustration and po- 
tential violence. 

Referring to the chief 
constable’s view that plastic 
bullets would have been effec- 
tive and justified on the night 
of the riot. MrSDvennan said 
he could not see at wbat stage 
they could have been profit- 
ably used. 

City of Birmingham Indepen- 
dent inquiry into the 
Handsworth Disturbances, 
September 1985. 

It was almost like an Indian summer for Mr Jim Durant, nursery manager, as he worked 

for young 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

More young children are 
eating dangerous pesticides 
left around homes, the Com- 
mons agriculture select com- 
mittee was told yesterday. 

But in spite of the trend, 
Britain is yet u> follow the 
example set by some countries 
which insist on home and 
garden pesticides being sold in 
child-resistant packages. 

The vulnerability of young 
children is confirmed by De- 
partment of Health and Social 
Security estimates for hospital 
discharges after treatment for 
pesticide poisoning. 

They show that between 
1970 and 1982, of the JQ.990 
patients 6,750 were children 
under four years old. 

The Ministry of Agriculture 
told MPs that a random 
survey bad shown that, of 93 
people treated in 20 hospitals, 
“the vast majority of the 
casualties were aged five years 
or under and were reported to 
have consumed pesticides". 

MPs heard that rat-killing 
products, frequently laid in 
places easy for children to 
reach, were a particular 

“It is reasonable to con- 

yesterday in the heated greenhouse at the McBeans orchid nursery in Cooksbridge, Sussex, [ elude that acute poisonings 
preparing orders for Mothering Sunday on March 9.Cotmtries that be exports orchids to f from pesticides are at relative- 
ide India and Japan, where 

on March 9-Cotmtries that be exports orchi 
!f grow naturally (Photograph: John Voos). 

ly low levels and stable. 



Britain may still not be an 
economically efficient country, 
but at least it is now much 
easier to make the case far 
competitive efficiency. All this 
amounts to no more than 
limited progress towards Mrs 
Thatcher's goals: There are, 
however, a good many Conser- 
vatives today who believe that 
it is time to panse, either to 
consolidate or to_inodijy the 
substance of her po}icfes~- . - 

Sir Geoffrey is not one of 
than. His speech was oof one 
of- those coded' signals of 
dissent. He wants to press 
ahead with the strategy which 
he associates not just with 
Mrs Thatcher, but also with 
Mr Heath's government and 
with the. first Bow Group 
generation, of which he was a 
leading member. 

• this 

,alu e 




£ I 


Yet in drawing attention to 
the continuity of Mrs 
Thatcher's ideas within die 
Conservative Party. Sir Geof- 
frey was illustrating a critical 
distinction between the two of 
them; their capacity to speak 
differently about doing the 
same thing. 

In her actions. Mrs Thatch- 
er has been performing the 
traditional Tory function of 
correcting the balance. The 
pendulum having swung too 
far in the direction of the 
previously fashionable ortho- 
doxy of coflectirism, she has 
been striving valiantly to pull 
It back a bit more towards the 
middle. But she speaks as if 
she is building a new Jerusa- 
lem. In order to do something 
realistic she often seems to 
find it necessary to sound 

Perhaps it has been neces- 
sary. There are some things 
that cannot be accomplished 
by being, still less by appear- 
ing. reasonable. But perhaps it 
is also that she is naturally 
pugnacious. She gives the 
impression of enjoying a fight, 
almost as if she sometimes 
regrets finding herself with 
someone who agrees with her, 
because that denies her one erf 
the pleasures of Ufe. 

Sir Geoffrey, on the other 
band, seems to sense the 
current public, taste for “a 
moderate, more consensual 
form of Conservatism". He 
scorns the idea that this 
preference could be met by the 
Alliance. “Moderation with- 
out conviction.", he believes, 
“is not enough". That is a 
telling way of pointing to the 
public uncertainty as to what 
the Alliance stands for. as 
distinct from what it is against. 

But can the Conservatives 
waif the country feel more 
comfortable with the present 
strategy? I do not believe that 
the Conservative Party wants 

a sharp change of direction 

and 1 am not persuaded that 
public opinion requires It But 
there is a limit to how much 
zeal this country is prepared to 
tolerate in its governors. The 
critical test for the Govern- 
ment now is whether ft can 
make the same broad ap- 
proach seem not so much 
daring; as natural. 

IBM leads 

ByBffl Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

five manufacturers are sup- 
plying nearly three quarters of 
the mkrocomputers sold to 
British business, with IBM 
dominant ‘ 

The details are outlined in 
the annual, review of the 
industry by Romtec, the busi- 
ness analyst. A total of 
224,000 business microcom- 
puters were sold in Britain last 
year, according to the review, 
representing a growth of 24 
per cent on the previous year. 

. However, the compeutive- 
ness.Of the market has meant 
that some dealers and suppli- ^ 
ers have dropped oht ■ ; r . 

In 1984, there • werc.-eighl 
manufacturers - supplying 70 
-percent of the microcomput- 
ers. A year laler 74 per ccfil ” 
were supplied by five. 

The growth in the United 
Kingdom last year brought the 
total value of sales to £630 
million bet, according to the 
study, business was reluctant 
i to purchase computers in 
April; principally because of 
the boom in purchases before 
the end of the financial year in’ 

Bnt fierce price cutting by 
IBM ensured that the 
company’s market share near- 
ly doubled, while Olivetti 
became the leading supplier of 
IBM-compatible- microcom- 

Company wins 
libel damages 

House ofSethia, the holding 
company of the Sethia com- 
modity, insurance and ship- 
ping group, accepted 
"substantial" libel damages at 
the High Court in London 

the*/tauicia/ Weekffitbatfi 
was involved in the collapse of 
Johnson Marthey Bankers. 

Mr Patrick Moloney, for 
Sethia, said the magazine’s 
editor, Mr Tom Lloyd, its City 
Editor, Mr Mihir Bose, and its 
publisher, British Priming awl 
Communications Corpora- 
tion, had accepted that tiie 
report was untrue. 

Subpoena bar 

Alex Herbage, aged 55, an 
international financier, want- 
ed in America on $46 million 
fraud charges, was refused 
permission yesterday by the 
High Court to subpoena nine 
witnesses when he seeks a writ 
of habeas corpus next week. 
He is in Pentonville Prison, 
London, awaiting extradition. 

Constable find 

An elderly Northumberland 
widow has been told that an 
oil painting, left to her by an 
unde, is a Constable land- 
scape, ‘‘Farm Labourers 
Flaying", which could be 
worth £60,000 at sale next 

Mitchell’s will 

Leslie MttcfidL the first 
announcer on BBC Televi- 
sion. left estate valued at 
£31.145 neL The actor and 
voice of the Movietone news- 
reels died Iasi November, aged 

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Pope plot prosecution 
asks for acquittal 
of three Bulgarians 

The public prosecutor in the 
trial in Rome of eight men 
accused of conspiracy to mur- 
der the Pope called for the 
acquittal of all three Bulgarian 
defendants yesterday because 
of insufficient evidence. 

The prosecutor. Dr -Antonio 
Marini, asked for life sen- 
tences against two of the five 
Turks accused. The first was 
Oral Celik. whom he regards 
as the accomplice of Mehmet 
Ali Agca. the Turk arrested 
after he had severely wounded 
the Pope in St Peter's Square 
on May 13. 1982. 

Ali Agca is serving a life 
sentence here for the attack, 
and yesterday the prosecutor 
asked for another year on his 
sentence on the ground that he 
had illegally brought into Italy 

From Peter Nichols. Rome 
the Browning pistol with 
which he shot the Pope. 

The second life sentence 
requested was for Musa 
Cerdar Celebi. head of an 
organization for Turkish im- 
migrants in West Germany. 

The prosecutor sought 24 
years' imprisonment for the 
Turk Omer Bagci. Another 
T urk. Bekkir Celenk. an arms 
dealer based in Sofia, died 
after the trial opened. 

Only one of the three Bul- 
garian defendants. Sergei 
Antonov, is in Italian custody, 
held since November 1983 
and at present under house 
arrest The other two. former 
members of the embassy here, 
are in Bulgaria. 

The prosecutor made it 
clear that he was asking for 

their acquittal because the 
case against them was incom- 
plete. not because he thought 
they were innocent. 

The defence will now put its 
case, which might take anoth- 
er two weeks. The judges will 
then consider their verdicts. 

If the court accepts the 
prosecutor's requests, the case 
against the Bulgarians will in : 
effect have failed, undermin- 
ing the supposition that the i 
Soviet secret police were be- 
hind, the Bulgarians and had 
decreed the Pope's death. 

The best the prosecutor 
could do with the evidence 
provided by the investigating 
judge was to leave the matter 
in doubt by not requesting an 
unqualified acquittal for the 

.-.•V : . . 

A 4 

An Iranian mullah wears a gas mask near the captured Iraqi town of Fao while It comes under assault from the Iraqis. 

Pensioner flies to face Treblinka trial 

Five held as gold mine strike ends 

From Michael Hornsby. Johannesburg 

The strike at Vaal Reefs. 
South Africa's and the world's 
second biggest gold mine, 
ended yesterday. The Anglo 
American Corporation, which 
owns the mine, estimated that 
the two-day stoppage had cost 
6 million rand (£2 million! in 
lost production. 

The ostensible cause of the 
strike was the arrest of nine 

Kohl puts 
his case 
on Jews 

From Frank Johnson 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl of 
West Germany, took an op- 
portunity yesterday to put into 
proportion - as he saw it - any 
anti-semitism which may still 
exist in contemporary Germa- 

Frau Hildegard Hamm- 
Brucher. aged 64. a backbench 
member of the Free Demo- 
crats. the liberal party which is 
part of Herr Kohl’s centre- 
right coalition, had taken the 
unusual step — supported by 
Social Democrats and Greens 
— of sponsoring a Bundestag 
debate on “anti-semitic 
tendencies*’ in the Federal 

. Herr Hermann Fellner. 
aged 35. an MP from the 
Bavarian Christian Social 
Union (CSU). the right-wing 
1 part of the coalition, apolo- 
gized in Parliament last 
month for telling a newspaper 
that Jewish demands to the 
Flick company to compensate 
surviving wartime slave 
labourers gave the impression 
that Jews acted quickly “when 
money tinkles in Germans' 

Shortly afterwards. Graf 
Wildericn von Spee — a 
descendant of the imperial 
vice-admiral after whom the 
Second World War pocket 
battleship was named — had to 
resign as mayor of 
Korschcnbroich. a commuter 
town near Dusseldorf. 

He had said in a council 
finance debate that “a few rich 
Jews should be killed'’ to 
balance the town budget. 

Yesterday Chancellor Kohl 
reproached those who had 
“forgotten or not understood 
the lessons of history". All 
German democrats since Ade- 
nauer had agreed about those 
lessons, he added. “One must 
however keep matters in pro- 
portion. It is going absolutely 
too far to speak of a burgeon- 
ing of anti-semitism.’* 

Herr Kohl said he wanted to 
defend himself personally 
against the charge of self- 
righieousness. He described as 1 
“tom from context" the quo- I 
tation. often attributed to him. i 
that in being very young ! 
during the Hitler period, he I 
had had “the mercy of a late ■ 

The Greens, including some 
of their speakers in the thinly- , 
attended debate, have said ‘ 
that such remarks were an 
attempt by Germans to mini- * 
mizc the horrors. 

Herr Kohl, aged 55. said 1 
that what he had meant was 
that his generation had no 
guilt for the mass murders, but 
should have a sense of respon- h 
sibility to history. t 

miners in connection with the 
killing at Vaal Reefs on Febru- 
ary 18 of four senior black 

Four of the nine have been 
released, and the other five, 
charged with public violence, 
were refused bail yesterday by 
a magistrate atSlilfontein. 
near Klcrksdorp- The prosecu- 
tor said it was likely the men 

say no to 

Madrid — Only 2 per cent of 
Basques now admit support- 
ing the use of violence by Eta. 
the armed separatist organiza- 
tion. according to an opinion 
poll conducted by the Basque 
region government (Richard 
Wigg writes). 

In a similar poll five years 
ago 8 per cent of Basques 
admitted backing such vio- 

Meanwhile. Spain's consti- 
tutional court has thrown out 
on a technicality Supremem 
Court jail sentences imposed 
on a group of Basque MPs in 
1983 for insulting King Juan 
Carlos in February 1981. 

Sahara deaths 

Algiers (AFP) - The 
Pblisario Liberation From has 
killed 56 Moroccan soldiers 
and wounded 30 in two at- 
tacks to mark ten years of the 
self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab 
Democratic Republic, it says. 

Love decree 

Peking (AFP) — A Shanghai 
student has been sentenced to 
death for the attempted stab- 
bing to death of a girl who 
I spumed bis love, according to 
a local newspaper. 

Guilty plea 

Monrovia (AFP) — Former 
Major Antony Marquee, one 
of those accused of plotting 
the abortive coup on Novem- 
ber 12 against President Doe 
of Liberia, pleaded guilty to 

Hidden heroin 

Copenhagen (AFP) — Dan- 
ish doctors are considering 
operating on a British heroin 
smuggler who swallowed con- 
traceptive sheaths containing 
the drug, police said. He is 
suffering severe constipation. 

Party charges 

Dar es-Salaam (.AFP) — 
Thirteen branch secretaries of 
Tanzania's ruling Chama Cha 
Mapinduzi party in northern 
Kilimanjaro have been dis- 
missed on charges of corrup- 
tion and embezzling party 

Boat tragedy 

Jakarta (API - Rescuers 
found 17 bodies and 38 people 
were missing after a boat 
carrying aboui 1 10 passengers 
capsized off the remote Indo- 
nesian island of Flores. 


The Holiday tnn company 
has no connection with hotels 
burnt during the Cairo mutiny. 

Triple Pulitzer winner 
to be US poet laureate 

Washi ng ton (AFP) — Rob- 
ert Penn Warren, winner three 
times of the Pulitzer Prize for 
poetry and fiction, has been 
named the United States’ first 
poet laureate- 

mm 3 'TJt v . 

Robert Penn Warren: salary 

will be S35.000. 

Warren, aged 80. wifi as- 
sume the ceremonial office on 
October ] for a one-year term, 
the Librarian of Congress. Mr 
Daniel Boorstui, announced 
yesterday. He will receive a 
salary of $35,000 (£23.300). 

The post was established by 
Congress last year in an 
attempt to enhance the public 
recognition and prestige of 
American poets and their 
work. The new poet laureate 
will be available to write 
poetry for ceremonial and 
other occasions of celebration. 

Warren won a Pulitzer Prize 
for poetry in 1957, for his work 
Promises; Poems 1954-1956. 
and another in 1979 for Now 
and Then: Poems 1976-1978. 

He received the Pulitzer 
Prize for fiction in 1946 for his 
novel All the King's Men. 

would later be charged with 

• Treason charges: The At- 
torney-General of the Witwa- 
tersrand Division has 
announced here that a Dutch 
national. Mr KJaas De Jonge. 
and his former wife. Mrs 
Helene Pass too rs. a Belgian, 
are to be prosecuted for trea- 
son and terrorism. 

From Ian Murray 

A special flight from New 
York i$ due to land at Ben- 
G arion airport this afternoon 
carrying a pensioner accused 
of the mass murder of thou- 
sands of Jews at the T reblinka 
death camp in Poland during 
1942 and 1943. 

He is Mr John Deiajanjuk. 
aged 66, a Ukrainian-born 
American resident since 1952. 
who is being extradited at 
Israel's request to stand trial 
for offences committed by a 
“gas chamber mechanic" at 
the camp whose horrifying 
behaviour earned the nick- 
name Ivan the Terrible. 

Mr Derajaitjuk has been 

fighting the extradition since 
1979. and denies categorically 
that he is lvad the Terrible. 
The Soviet Union has also 
been seeking his extradition 
for war crimes, but the US 
courts decided to send him to 
Israel, which first applied to 
have him. 

He is to fly handcuffed to a 
US marshall and the aircraft 
will be parked well away from 
the terminal building. Police 
will go on board, the American 
handcuffs will be taken off and 
Israeli ones locked on. 

Waiting on the tarmac will 
be a specially hired Brink ’s- 
Mat armoured ran, which will 
speed him five miles down the 
road to a top-security cell in 
Tower 10 of the Ayalon Prison 

in Ramie. It was here that 
Adolf Eichtnann was held 
during his trial 25 years ago; 
since then modern technology 
has made the prison even more 

Three closed-circuit televi- 
sion cameras have been in- 
stalled in the cell to monitor 
everything the accused man 
does and to try to ensure that 
he does not attempt to commit 

He will have to make a first 
appearance before a court 
within 48 hours so that legal 
authority to hold him can be 
granted. The trial is expected 
to lake op to three months, but 
his American lawyers are 
seeking a delay of up to six 
weeks beforehand. 

According to Dr Yitzhak 
Arad, director of the Yad 
Yashem Holocaust Memorial 
in Jerusalem, there are do 
more than about 10 survivors 
of Treblinka in Israel who 
might be able to give evidence. 
Yad Yashem itself, however, 
has accumulated considerable 
documentary evidence about 
atrocities committed by Ivan 
the Terrible. 

• NEW YORK: Meanwhile, 
members of Mr Demjanjuk's 
family including his wife, 
Vera, flew here to see him. His 
daughter Lydia said he still 
had confidence in the United 
Slates that the rnith was going 
to come out and was in good 
spirits (AP reports). 

killed in 

Jeruralcm — A 1 0-year-old 
Israeli corporal was killed in 
an ambush in South Lebanon 
on Wednesday evening and 
four of his patrol were wound- 
ed. The incident occurred at 
Jebel cl Botm. about seven 
miles south cast of Tyre, on 
the edge of what Israel calls its 
security zone (Ian Murray 

According, to a military 
spokesman the patrol was a 
regular one and had nothing to 
do with the search for two 
Israeli soldiers kidnapped in 
South Lebanon 10 days ago in 
i another ambush less than 10 
miles away from the latest 
incident. But he acknowl- 
edged that the search had 
raised the level of tension. 

The funeral of the dead 
soldier was held yesterday 
afternoon. Earlier in the day 
another military funeral was 
held fora corporal killed in (he 
Sinai in 1%8 and whose body 
has just been returned to Israel 
by Egypt as proof of its 
intention to continue negotia- 
tions for improving relations, 
• ANKARA: Mr Yassir 
Arafat, the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization chairman, 
said here yesterday that his 
year-long accord with Jordan 
was intact and that the PLO 
would settle for a peace safe- 
guarding the right to self- 
determination of the 
Palestinian people (Rasn 
Gurdilek writes). 


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Memocrats prepare to 
sabotage Reagan’s 
defence budget boost 

Congress is likely u> voice 
strong resistance to President 
Reagan's nationwide appeal 
for a continuation or his 
defence build-up. Democrats 
were saying yesterday ihat 
there was no chance that 
Congress would agree to the 8 
percent increase of some S3! 1 
billion at a time when the 
domestic programme was be- 
ing heavUycut. 

President Reagan, in an 

a l I 5? lpl 10 8° over heads 
of Congress, said in a televi- 
sion address- on Wednesday 
that any cuts in Defence 
Department spending would 
threaten US security and en- 
danger any chance of improv- 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, US 
Defence Secretary, who 
faces a budget battle. 

i ing relations with the Soviet 
t union. 

j He said American strength 

> was the most persuasive argu- 

> ment the US had to convince 
1 ns adversaries to negotiate 
: seriously and to cease bullying 
! other nations. "Any slacken- 
ing now would invite the very 
dangers America must avoid, 
and could fatally compromise 
our negotiating position," he 

"Our adversaries the Sovi- 
ets - we know from painful 
experience - respect only na- 
tions that negotiate from a 
position of strength." He add- 
ed: "Just as we are sitting 
down at the bargaining table 
with the Soviet Union, let's 
not throw America's trump 
card away.” 

He called the plans to cut 
next year's Pentagon budget 
by up to $50 billion “reckless, 
dangerous and wrong,” and 
said this was “backsliding of 
the most irresponsible kind". 

However. Mr Jim Wright, 
speaking for the Democrats 
immediately after Mr 
Reagan's tough speech, said 
that his proposals 10 double 
military spending and cut 
taxes at the same time would 
add to the federal deficit 

“We think the deficits 
themselves pose a danger to 
our national security. The 

West reacts to Kremlin speech 

Second thoughts 
oh preconditions 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

After careful study of the 
Russian text of Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov's address to the 
Soviet Communist Party con- 
gress 00 Tuesday, Western 
officials are coming to the 
conclusion ..that the Soviet 
leader was not as dismissive of 
President Reagan's latest 
arms proposals as appeared at 
first sight 

In particular they believe 
that Mr . Gorbachov was not 
laying down preconditions for 
holding a summit with Mr 
Reagan later. 'this year by 
calltng for “understandings" 
on medium-range missiles and 
ending nuclear tests. 

A Soviet diplomat in Lon- 
don confirmed that these were 
not preconditions bat emphar 
sized that Mr Gorbachov saw 
no sense in holding empty 
talks with Mr Reagan. 

The White House has said 
Mr Gorbachov's attempt to 
tink -a jSMiftniit to progress in 
arms control talks “simply 

won't work”. The US is still 
pressing Moscow to agree on a i 
summit date. 

The view in Whitehall is 
that the Soviet Union is once 
again trying to divide Natoand 
to stir ap anti-nuclear senti- 
ment in west Europe as it did 
daring the months preceding 
the deployment of Pershing 2 
and cruise missiles in Europe 
daring 1983. 

There is concern about Mr 
Gorbachov's insistence — re- 
peated in Tuesday's speed — 
that a deal on raedhufMaitge- 
missfles in Europe ‘oust in- 
clude a freeze on British and 
French nuclear forces -and a 
scrapping of Britain’s plans- to. 
bay Trident missiles from tbe 

It is feared in London that 
there amid be a revival of anti-, 
unclear sentiment if tbe ques- 
tion of British and French 
forces is seen as tbe main 
obstacle blocking an agree- 
ment on Eoro-nrissfles. 

Gorbachov objective a 
global security system 

In his speech to the 27th ✓ \ 

7ongress of the Soviet Com- / \ 

nunisl Party on Tuesday . Mr I PARTY 1 
dikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- V/ CONGRESS JX# 
l leader, outlined an "all- 

In his speech to the 27th 
Congress of the Soviet Com- 
munist Party on Tuesday . Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, outlined an "all- 
embracing system of inter- 
national security” as a long- 
term objective" of Soviet 
foreign policy. This is how he 
described it (English text sup- 
plied by .the Soviet news 
agency Noyosti): 



Military area: 

Renunciation by the nucle- 
ar powers of war — both 
nuclear and 'conventional — 
against each other or against 
third countries. 

Prevention of an arms race 
in outer space, cessation of ail 
nuclear weapons tests and the 
total destruction of such weap- 

Joint quest for a just settle- 
ment of the debt problem. 

Establishment of a new 
world order guaranteeing 
equal economic security to all 

The pooling of efforts to 
explore and make peaceful use 
of outer space and to resolve 
global problems on which the 
destinies of civilization de- 

H umanitarian area: 

Co-operation in the dissem- 
ination of ideas _ on peace, 
disarmament and imemation- 1 
al security; greater flow of : 
general objective information 
and intercourse between peo- 
ples for the purpose of learn- 
ing about one another. 

ons. a ban on and the destruc- reinforcement of mutual un- 
lion of chemical weapons, and demanding and concord in 

renunciation of the develop- 
ment of other means of mass 
annihilation. .. 

A strictly controlled lower- 
ing of the levels of military 

relations between them. 

Destruction of genocide, 
apartheid, advocacy of fas- 
cism and every other form of 
rarial. national or religious 

capabilities - of countries to exclusiveness, and also of 
limitsnfreasonableadequacy: discrimination against people 
disbandment of military alii- on this basis, 
ances; and. as a stage towards Extension, while respecting 
this, retianciation of their each country's laws, of inter- 
enlargemem and of the forma- national co-operation in im- 
lion-'.of new ones; balanced plemenling political social 
and commensurate reduction and personal rights. 

of military budgets. 

Political area: 

Humane and positive deci- 
sion of questions relating to 
the reuniting of families, mar- 

... . . «« UKIbUIIIUIlgUI lUllll.l.* 

Unconditional respect Tor ^age fln( j promotion of 
the right of ccacji people to contacts between people and 
choose the wavs and forms 01 bet^^n organizations. 

ilsdevelupment' independent- 
ly./ •: - • ■„-* ■■ •• 

Strengthening of and a 
search for new forms of co- 

' Ajusr ptffittal settlement of opera! jon in culture, art sci- 
intemational crises and re- enC e, education and medicine, 
atonal conflicts. • 

Elaboration of mrasures COffiGlUniSt 

aimed al building confidence . — . — — 

between stares and the ere- rvri 

ation of effective guarantees pUUUpiUb 

against attack from without — : — r*: r~~~ 1 

fronfiers.' inviolabilil> of lheir ^ 

rorism. including die safety of Union, and ; are ***"*|y*J 
international land, air and sea keeping witii our concrete 

foreign policy initiatives, 
communications. Guided by them, it would be 

Economic RT&&- nossihle to make Deaceful 

rZSwinnr foreign policy initiatives, 

communications. Guided by them, it would be 

Economic ansa: possible to make peaceful 

Exclusion of all forms of coexistence the highest princi- 
imcmationaJ discrimination; p i e 0 f siate-to-state relations. 

renunciation of any policy of 
economic blockades and sanc- 
tions if this is not directly 
envisaged in the recommen- 
dations of the world com tn li- 

In our view, these principles 
could become the point of 
departure and a guideline for a 
direct and systematic dialogue , 
between world leaders both ' 
bilateral and multilateral | 

American people are willing to 
pay for the necessary level of 
defence. But they do not want 
to pay for more defence than 
we get.” 

Mr Reagan's speach marks 
the stan of a new bitter battle 
over defence spending. The I 
White House urged him to 
take his case directly to the 
nation after polls revealed for 
the first time declining public 
support for his defence build- 

Mr Reagan insisted that 
arbitrary cuts brought “pho- 
ney savings” and were not 
safe. There were still major 
imbalances between Soviet 
and US forces. In the past 1 5 
years the Russians had invest- 
ed $500 billion more than US 
in defence and built nearly 
three times as many strategic 

However, in a sign of the 
changing mood on Capitol 
Hill, the House of Representa- 
tives passed a resolution on 
Wednesday urging the Presi- 
dent to resume negotiations 
with the Russians for a com- 
prehensive nuclear test ban 
treaty and to seek ratification 
of two treaties already limiting 
such tests - the 1974 Thresh- 
old Test Ban and foe 1976 
Peaceful Nuclear Explosion 
Treaty, which have been 
signed by the US but not yet 
ratified by the Senate. 

Mr Robert Land of rocket engineers Morton Thiokol answers the shuttle panel which include astronaut Sally Ride (right). 

Shuttle photographs back failed seals theory 

Washington (UPI) — New 
pictures displayed yesterday 
to the presidential commis- 
sion investigating the Chal- 
lenger shuttle disaster added 
fresh evidence to the theory 
that seals in a booster rocket 
joint failed before the shuttle 

The photographs, which 
seemed 10 surprise commis- 
sioners. showed more clearly 
than before a puff of black 
smoke from the right booster 
rocket at ignition, and an 
engineer said foe smoke ap- 
peared to come from a rocket 

Officials from foe company told Nasa that Challenger was 
that built Challenger followed unsafe to fly because of ice 
up foe photographic testimo- conditions on the gantry next 
ny by revealing that they had to the shuttle. 

Cosmos comes down to earth 

Debris from a runaway So- 
viet surveillance satellite 
crashed to earth yesterday, but 
scientists differed on whether 
the pieces landed in a tfainly- 
populated desert area of north- - 
era Australia or in Canada 
(our Foreign Staff writes). 

West German experts said 
foe 10-tonne Cosmos 3714 

crashed in Australia's North- 
era Territory. British scien- 
tists said the debris was. likely 
to ha*e ended up in Canady 
but the Canadian Defence 
Department said it fell in the 
South Pacific. 

-No one could say bow big 
were the chunks that hit the 
Earth's surface. 

The colour phoiographs 
were being displayed to the 
commission to show ice con- 
ditions on the shuttle at lift- 
off. One of ihe commissioners 
whispered that the smoke 1 
appeared to be coming “right 
at the field joint". In previous 
pictures, the origin of the 
smoke was not clear. 

■ “Engineers don't like to 
speculate, but based on our 
photos, and we've analyzed all 
the photos, we feel that's a leak 
(in the booster).” said Mr 
Charles Stevenson, a member 
of the Nasa ice inspection 
team at foe launch pad. 

in Flick 
trial may 
be flawed: 

Bonn 1 Reuter) — The star 
witness in West Germany's 
biggest political corruption tri- 
al caused a courtroom sensa- 
tion yesterday when he said 
some names on his supposed- 
ly meticulous list of Flick 
company cash recipients 
could be wrong. 

Herr Rudolf Diehl, former 
chief book-keeper of the Rick 
conglomerate, was testifying 
for foe first time at the bribery 
trial of former economics 
ministers Count Otto von 
Lambsdorff and Herr Hans 

He stunned the packed 
court when to said that he had 
sometimes written names of 
politicians next to Flick dona- 
tions in a secret list without 
actually knowing they took foe 

The “Diehl list" is a key 
piece of evidence for charges 
that Count von Lambsdorff 
and Herr Friderichs accepted 
massive bribes for their Free 
Democratic Party from Rick 
in return for arranging a rax 
break for the private compa- 

According 10 Herr Diehl 
the money came from a slush- 
fund called “foe black strong 

Prosecutors allege that >1 
was paid out to politicians by 
former Rick manager. Herr 
Eberhard von Brauchitscb. 
who is also on trial. 


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take over 








— S :i. y»-. .4 

























































Hanson’s plan for Imperial 

document states that “die successful _ 

Hanson Thist technique of “hands- 
afT management tiwU be put in place 
to support the easting managers ; 

Mid staff in realising the fullest poss- 

sounding plans, it’s interesting^to 
consider what happened in the only § 

previous instance of the Hanson 
“hands-off” management style being 
applied to one of this country’s best 
known consumer 

The fate of Ever Ready since 
its takeoveHn 

tennfht^ ^ ^ 

For example, the Abingdon advanced projects divis- 
ion was sold off in 1982, hardly a demonstration of 
commitment to research and development in this highly 
competitive market 

Also in 1982, Duracell were happy to snap up thpir 
main rival’s European operations, again courtesy of the 
Ever Ready management 

_ Atkthe same time as these and other assets were 
bdng sow; capital expenditure in Ever Ready companies 
was bdng slashed by no less than 50% (Based on the 
average for the three years before and after acquisition) 

. M ■ 




I is if this weren’t enough to 

dpal product also rose in 
ars following acquisition 
11 above the rate of 

here was thehuman cost 

nceoftheEver Ready com- 
e already lost their jobs. 

rail this, it seems reason- 
lent philosophy was 

ccess or failure? 

went mid raising prices 

nee then? In the second 
tiHlt of 1985, profits were down 31% compHrcd to the some 
period in 1984. 

The company also suffered a20%loss of overall brand 
share between 1981 and 1985. So what does the future hold 
for this famous company in 1986, and beyond? 

“ay wen ask, would f^|gggEggg^^ 

Imperials famous 




: °9tis 

* r-k 

Tfeewwa the information contained in this advertisement ait Hanson Subsidiaries' 


ave delegated 





Communist is 

among first 
to be set free 
by Manila 

From David Watts. Manila 

The new Aquino Govern- Marcos’s vast bedroom com- 

ment is to release an impor- 
tant member of the Comm- 
unist Party of the Philippines 
among the first batch of 33 
political detainees given their 

Mrs Mila Agilar Roque, 
who was in charge of educa- 
tion in the Philippines party, 
is to be freed, and another 
leading Communist. Mr Sotar 
Ocampo, will not be re- 
arrested following his escape 
from jail last year. He had 
been detained for many years. 

Mr Reynaldo Maclang, an 
rnban guerrilla involved with 
the “Ught-a-fire” movement, 
will be given temporary re- 
lease. The group set fire to 
hotels and other important 
buildings in Manila in the 
early 1980s. 

Seoul warning 

Seoul (Renter) — The Govern- 
ment yesterday warned oppo- 
sition politicians yesterday not 
to use the demise of President 
Marcos to create social unrest 
in South Korea after dissident 
leaders said that such a victory 
for democracy over dictator- 
ship could spread to other 
parts of Asia. 

Another guerrilla, Mr 
Rolando MonlieL, will be re- 
leased from house arrest. Abo 
freed were five human rights 
lawyers, three from Mindanao 
and two from Abra. 

The Government says that 
there are now 450 political 
prisoners under detention and 
that most should be freed by 
the end of the week 

In the rush to leave Manila, 
ex-President Marcos forgot 
two things dear to him — his 
27 war medals and the photo- 
graphs of himself with other 
heads of state. 

He awarded himself most of 
the medals years after the war 
for his “exploits” as an anti- 
Japanese guerrilla leader. But 
be wanted to take them into 
exile so much that his son-in- 
law telephoned a Manila fam- 
ily from Clark Air Force base 
appealing for someone to 
recover them from the Mala- 
canang Palace. 

President Corazon Aquino 
has now decreed .that the 
medals and photographs be' 
relumed to him, but there is 
no indication of whether Mrs 
Imelda Marcos's collection of 

photographs will also be sent 

on. Visitors to the Palace 
found grand pianos in Mis 

ered with photographs of her- 
self with heads of state. The 
former president was in none 
of them. 

Mrs Aquino's earnest df^fry 
to forgive and forget has been 
extended to the political pris- 
oners. She has said that she 
will release all who renounce 

The danger of violent re- 
venge remains, and it has been 
learned that security forces 
have foiled a plot to assassi- 
nate the Defence Minister, Mr 
Juan Ponce Emile. 

Mr Rodolfo Farinas, the 
Mayor of Laoag in Mr 
Marcos’ home province, and 
eight bodyguards were arrest- 
ed outside the Ministry of 
Defence after he tried to get 
close to Mr Emile during a 
press conferenceitecurity men 
round 16 weapons in his 
Mercedes and two other cars. 

Mr Emile is hated by some 
Marcos loyalists because they 
believe he usurped the power 
of Mr Marcos at the last 
minute and turned down the 
former President’s last-ditch 
offer of a military junta, which 
Mr Enrile would nave headed. 

An arsenal has also been 
discovered at the home of the 
President’s daughter, Aimee 
Manotoc Marcos. Many high- 
powered weapons and large 
stocks of ammunition were 
discovered by security men 
sent there after raiders broke 

A bomb planted by depart- 
ing Malacanang palace guards 
was detonated yesterday in the 
Pasig River. Local newspapers 
have carried photographs of 
what the military says were 
booby-trap bombs left behind 
in palace books, but there has 
been not independent confir- 

The task of pulling together 
some sort of functioning gov- 
ernment is moving ahead as 
fast as possible, but several 
Government offices have not 
yet received so much as 
telephone call from their new 

The economy requires the 
most urgent attention. “We 
don’t even know how much 
there is in the Treasury.” said 
the senior adviser of a com- 
mercial bank. “But it is my 
guess that we’re bankrupL”He 
wants private companies to 
lend experts to the Govern- 
ment free of charge to help 
untangle a nightmare of fraud 
and corruption left by the 

One-day strike brings 
Greece to a halt 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 


Workers in Athens and 17 
provincial towns staged a one- 
day strike yesterday in protest 
against the Socialist 
Government's austerity pro- 
gramme which has split die 
Greek labour movement. 

The strike grounded all the 
flights of Olympic Airways, 
the national carrier, as well as 
those of foreign airlines served 
by it. It disrupted public 
transport and forced hanks, 
private schools and theatres to 

Building sites were deserted 
and public services, such as 
electricity and telephones, 
were manned by skeleton 

Journalists, who staged a 
24- hour strike on Wednesday 
to press for pay rises, support- 
ed yesterday's action with a 
stoppage that took state televi- 

sion and radio off the air for] 
two hoars. 

Tens of thousands of strik- 
ers inarched to the Parliament 
here to deliver a resolution 
calling for free collective bar- 
gaining and an end to emer- 
gency legislation imposing a 
□mandatory wage curb for two 

The Government, which i 
used legal procedures to retain 
control of the General Confed- 
eration of Greek Workers, the 
Greek TUC, denounced the 
strike as "politically- 
mo treated”. • 

Mr Costas Sinritis, the Min- 
ister of National Econm 
revealed that Greece's 11 
deficit rose to $33 billion (£2.2 
billion) — one-half more than 
budgeted — and said that this 
precluded any deviation front,] 
tight wage policies. 

Haiti hit 



Port-au-Prince (AP) — A 
dusk-to-dawn curfew was still 
in force throughout Haiti after 
renewed looting and demon- 
strations in protest at the 
attempted flight of a former 
secret police chief. 

The 7pm to 5am curfew was 
linked to the protest on Tues- 
day by 5.000 Haitians aimed 
at preventing Luc Desir, secret 
police chief under Francois 
“Papa Doc” Duvalier, from 
fleeing. A Government 
spokesman said that he had 
been arresied. 

In Washington, the US 
Administration said it w as 
freeing £17.6 million in aid 
withheld because of “repres- 
sive actions” by Mr Jean- 
paude Duvalier. 

Arms charge 

J Kampala (AFP) - Mr 
Akena p'Ojok. the former 
l|! Ugandan Power and Telccom- 
municaiions Minister, was 
charged with possessing fire- 
arms. explosives and ammu- 

22 years 
for bus 

Soldiers stray 

Helsinki (AFP) - Two Ca- 
nadian soldiers who strayed 
into Finland while on Nato 
exercises in northern Norway 
were detained by Finnish 
border guards and taken back 
to Norway after questioning. 

Prague (AFP) — A Czecho- 
slovak court has jailed for 22 
; years a man who hijacked a 
packed bus and threatened to 
blow it up unless he were 
allowed to leave for West 
Germany, according to 
newspaper report 

The southern regional news- 
paper Jihoceska Pravda said 
the hijacker, Vladimir Beno, 
aged 26, had been sentenced 
on Tuesday by a court in 
Budejovice and would serve 
his sentence in a third catego- 
ry. most severe, prison. 

’ He seized the bus with 48 
people on board on November 
9, 1984. After firing three 
shots in the air and wiring the 
vehicle with dynamite, he 
ordered it to the border post of 
Strazny, where he was eventu- 
ally disarmed by police. 

• VIENNA; Two Czechoslo- 
vaks who tried to flee to 
Austria last September by 
taking hostage a Slovak minis- 
ter. have been given long 
prison sentences by a Bratisla- 
va court (Richard Bassett 

Josef Robac and Ernest 
Recka were found guilty of j 
terrorism and sentenced to 15 
and 13 years respectively. 

They were arrested after 
seizing an official car and its 
passenger. Dr Imrich Hatiar, 
the Slovak deputy Health 

" V- 


The Filipinos who still live 
in fear of private armies 

Hamlyn, Tar lac, Philip 

Sitting in the badK^f her >*^Weither the teacher, nor his 
■sari-sari .shop. wtu®. sells wage. nor 
grecertesr-and'Other uecM§ju^%yfepathize 
to' the poorer classes :io the toafoed, even' 
little municipality ofQerona, #spr off as th 
Mis Susanna. Go, local co- anything agai 

,-^fr Rafael Sua 
e Unido 

the municipality. Mrjqgtmias 
de Jesus, was killeS^h the 
middle of the efegipn cam- 
paign when abusBftT by a gang 
of pro-Marcos hobdlums. An- 

ordinatpr of die U;_ 
of PresidenrCorazonAquin 
said; “Many of the unido 
people are still wallowing in 

In spite of the installation of 
the new President in the 

ishmenL the situation in the tied ;the 
countryside of -Tartar Pr$v- nainqti a£ 
ince nas. ngrim media 
changed, even though this is guards. 
Aquino country. Mrs Aquino 
was boro near by, in Concep- 

There were still many.'.dnli- 
censed guns in the hands -o£. 
private armies, She raiSl-^h 
spile ofthe appeals of thdnew 
Armed Forces Chief General 
Ramos, for them to' be given 




usn SHIfi tbeTBBBp of 
yonvin thefoquino 
today. Each siae fears 
the other. 

When I called at the Munic- 
ipal Hall the mayor's staff said 

Cardin*] Sin, Archbishop of Manila, greeting Mr Juan Ponce Enrfle, the Defence Minister, 
daring a thanksgiving Mass at Camp Grame yesterday attended by 5,000 Filipinos. 

Aquino makes TV plea to Marcos 

New York (AP) — President 
Aquino yesterday appealed to 
Mr Marcos to tefl his loyalists 
not to cause any violence 
against the new Government 
Interviewed on ABC 
television's Good Morning 
America, Mrs Aquino said to 

the ex-president : “Think of 
oar country. Think of your 
countrymen who have already 
been hurt, who have already 
suffered so much under your 
regime. The time is now to 
make amends.** 

Mrs Aquino said she had 

began releasing political pris- 
oners and would free comuro- 
nists who promised to 
renounce violence. 

Her Government would try 
to recover government wealth 
reportedly taken by Mr Mar- 
cos and his circle. 

Down the main highway 
towards Manila is another 
municipality, called Capas. 
There Mrs Go's fears are 
echoed. A young social studies 
teacher who went off with a 
band of feOow Aquino sympa- 
thizers to defend the revolu- 
tion outside Camp Grame on 
the capital's outskirts, is quite 
dear that nothing much has 

home. As I called at 
a man carrying a 
inside the house 
told that the mayor 
>ut an hour before, 
ew where be was. 

d politics have long 

. ther in Philippines 

politics, and Tarlac Province 
is one of those which has 

fie red from 
ie Com mu 
he New Peoi 
1970s the 
Sized by a 
Ti-mander ~ 
’but since 

& the pro' 

ivfries of 
lugents of 
Caf - 
b di- 

The teachers still remember 
with shudders that Mr Suarez 
came to foe school to com- 
plain that they were brain- 
washing the children in social 
studies lessons. “Why do you 

yet changed back home. “We teach politics in the class- 
are afraid,” be said. “The room?” he asked them. “How 

mayor here still 1ms his private 

can we 

teach social studies 
covering politics?” 


The leader of the provincial 
Unido group, former Gover- 
nor Jose Macapinlac, is in the 
capital being briefed on the 
next stage in the transfer of 
power. The mayoral term of 
office expires towards the end 
of next month. Mrs Aquino on 
Wednesday ruled out any 
local elections in the near 
future, so she is likely to 
appoint her own men in their 
places. Only then will people 
like Mis Go and the teachers 
begin to feel secure. 

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for Contras 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Congressional opponents of 
President Reagan's request for 
SU'D million in aid for Nicara- 
guan rebels fighting the Sandi- 
nista Government have begun 
to muster their forces, predict- 
ing that the President faces an 
uphill battle. 

Senator Mark Hatfield, a 
Republican from Oregon, de- 
clared his opposition and said 
there would be "intense 
resistance" in the Senate in 
view of the projected cuts in 
domestic social programmes. 

He and Senator Paul Simon, 
an Illinois Democrat, drafted 
a letter to the President, signed 
b> IS senators, urging a post- 
ponement of the aid request 
while fun her diplomatic nego- 
tiations were held through the 
Contadora group of Latin 
American countries. 

Mr Reagan asked on Tues- 
day for military, as well as aid for those fight- 
ing the Sandimstas. The mon- 
ey to be transferred from the 
existing Pentagon budget, 
would give the Contras 530 
million in humanitarian aid 
for food, clothing, medicine 
and Ionics, and a further $70 
million for weapons. The 

present congressional appro- 
priation of only $27 million in 
humanitarian aid runs out at 
the end of next month. 

Emphasizing the 

Administrations insistence 
that the rebels must now make 
an all-out military effort if 
they arc to have any chance of 
forcing the Nicaraguan Gov- 
ernment to negotiate. Mr Rea- 
gan said the money was 
needed to assist the Nicara- 
guan "democratic resistance". 

“Few now- question that the 
rulers of Nicaragua are deeply 
committed communists, de- 
termined to consolidate their 
totalitarian communist stale." 
Mr Reagan told Congress. 

The proposal may be ac- 
cepted b> the Republican- 
controlled Senate, but 
Democrats in the House of 
Representatives, which they 
control, arc already organizing 
their opposition. 

• MANAGUA: The Nicara- 
guan Defence Minister. Seiior 
Humberto Ortega, said Nica- 
ragua aims to carry on 
strengthening its defenres in 
response to President 
Reagan's proposal to boost 
support for rebels (Reuter 

M fl .. ■ 

Police swoop to arrest Maori activist 


m 4 •* " 

i- ■ t—W i ■ , -Jk ~ -Mt ; - “.mi. 

From Stephen Taylor 


The Maori activist, Mr Dun 
Mihalca, and his wife, Dianne 
Prince* are doe to appear in 
comt today after their arrest 
yesterday in a dramatic police 
swoop near the Queen’s caval- 

Mr Mihaka, who has been 
threatening to make a whaka- 
pnhane. a bare-bottom protest 
daring the royal tonr of New 
Zealand, was polled from his 
van as he joined the cavalcade, 
apparently attempting to catch 
jp with die car carrying the 

Mr Mihaka is a veteran of 
various local protest move- 
ments but first gained a more 
widespread notoriety when he 

bared his backside at the 
Prince and Princess of Wales 
on their last visit to New 
Zealand. He has said he would 
be repeating the gesture, 
which he maintains is a tradi- 
tional Maori insult, before the 

Written on the side of the 
vehicle in which he was arrest- 
ed yesterday were the slogans: 
“Ail the Qneen's horses and 
all the Qneen's men will not 
stop me doing it again" and 
“Wild man let it all haagont in 

Later hn wife, who was in 
the van with him. was also 
arrested. Police said they were 
being held in custody over- 
night and would appear in 
court this morning to face 

dangerous driving and per- 
haps other charges. 

Their arrest brings to six 
the number of people detained 
over incidents related to ths 
royal tour, including two 
voang women who have been 
charged with assaulting the 
Queen as a result of the egg- 
throwing affair on Monday. 

There seemed little likeh- 
hood at the outset that yester- 
day would produce any more of 
the incidents which have been 
a feature of the tom. The 
programme was for a visit to a 
National Trust swampland, 
followed by the police college 
and then Privy Council busi- 

But as the Queen was 
travelling from the Tnapo 
swamp to the college — in a 

Daimler which she used on her 
first visit to New Zealand in 
1 952/53 - the van carry ing 
Mr Mihaka pulled out or a 
side road. 

Witnesses said it started to 
speed up with the apparent 
intention of catching up with 
the royal party but was 
promptly intercepted by a 
police car. 

Mr Mihaka. a powerfully 
boat Maori wearing red shorts 
and a vest, was taken from his 
van and stood for a few 
moments talking to reporters 
before being hustled off in a 
police vehicle. 

By the time Mr Mihaka has 
appeared in court today the 
royal party will have departed 
for Nelson and Christchurch, 
on South Island. 

Ethiopians flee forced move 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 


Bombay police carry away the former Indian Minister for 
Industry. Mr George Fernandes, for trying to block trains 
during a national protest against recent price increases. 

Refugees from Ethiopia are 
flooding into northern Soma- 
lia at a rate of about 600 a day, 
according to United Nations 

More than 27.000 men. 
women and children have 
reached a refugee centre at 
Tug Wajaie, about five miles 
from the Ethiopian border, 
since the exodus began early 
Iasi month. Most are members 
of the Oromo tribe and have 
walked about 60 miles from 
their former homes near 
Harer and Dire Dawa rather 
than be resettled under the 
Eihopian Government pro- 

gramme of "viliagization”. 

Mr Gary Troeller, of the 
LIN High Commission for 
Refugees in Somalia, said that 
the influx was causing serious 
problems in northern Somalia 
because of a shortage of water 
and other necessities. 

Cholera has broken out in 
Tug WajaJe and some other 
camps and several hundred 
cases are being treated. So far. 
1 7 people have died. 

The Somali authorities have 
now made available a large 
area, with water, at Biyaley. 
about 20 miles from Berbera, 
for the Tug Wajaie refugees. 


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Mr Troeller said that the 
refugee influx showed no sign 
of ending On some days, 
more than 1. 000 refugees en- 
tered Somalia. “They are not 
drought victims- They are well 
nourished and had been suc- 
cessful farmers before decid- 
ing to flee.” he said. 

UN fears 

From Alan McGregor 

The influx is increasing the 
size of Somalia's already for- 
midable refugee problem. The 
country has more than 
800.000 refugees, most of 
them having fled Ethiopia 
during the Ogaden war in 
1977 and 1978. 

MP quits 

From John Best 

Mr Jean Chretien, a promi- 
nent Liberal and former Cabi- 1 
net minister, yesterday > 
resigned his seat in the Cana- j 
dian House of Commons. 

The sudden decision capped 
a smouldering dispute be- 
tween Mr Chretien and Mr 
John Turner, the party leader 
and former Prime Minister, 
over control of the Quebec 
wing of the party. 

It could do Mr Turner and 
his party immense harm in the 
predominantly French-speak- 
ing Quebec. a province crucial 
to die party's chances of 
regaining national power. 

Mr Chretien, aged 52. has a 
strong popular following ’ra- 
the traditional Liberal prov- 
ince. which swung strongly 
Conservative in the 1984 Tory 
landslide. Recent polls indi- 
cate that voters are returning 
to their Liberal mould. 

Mr Chretien ran second to 
Mr Turner in the June. 1984. 
Liberal leadership campaign, 
but has never tried to hide his 
ambition for the party leader- 
ship and the post of Prime 
Minister that may again one 
day go with it Some promi- 
nent Liberals have accused 
him of disloyally. 

The resignation followed a 
meeting with Mr Turner in 
which they tried to settle their 
differences. Later, Mr Turner 
paid tribute in the Commons 
to “a great Canadian**. 

Continued fighting in Af- 
ghanistan “will lead inevitably 
to a situation approaching 
genocide", according to a 
report presented to the UN 
Human Rights Commission. 

“TTie only solution is the 
withdrawal of foreign troops**, 
the report suggests. Civilian 
casualties last year are esti- 
mated at 55.000. 

The report, from the 
commission's special rappor- 
leur. Dr Felix Ermacora of 
Austria, who last month visit- 
ed Afghan refugee camps in 
Baluchistan and Pakistan's 
North-West Province, de- 
scribes the conflict as charac- 
terized by ■•systematic * 

The 120.000-strong Soviet 
armed forces — described in 
the report as “foreign troops” 

— continue to use anti-person- 
nel mines, delayed action and 
booby-trapped bombs, such as 
toys. pens, cakes of soap, snuff 
boxes and what appear to be 
bundles of bank notes. He 
spoke to children injured by 
" these homble weapons." 

Burning liquid — dropped 
from aircraft in canisters 
which open in the air and 
spray the ground — and na- 
palm are among other weap- 
ons used by the Russians. 

In KharL the Afghan com- 
munist security forces’ inter- 
rogation centre, women inter- 
viewed by the rapporteur said * 
thatamong torture techniques 
employed are' "sticking nee- 
dles in the fingers and hanging 
by the hair for prolonged 

More than a third of the 
Afghan population is now 
living outside the country, 
with the exodus continuing at 
the rate of 6.000 to 8.000 each 

• BERN: A Russian soldier 
captured by Afghan insurgents 
and interned for two years in 
Switzerland under a humani- 
tarian accord was released on 
Wednesday and immediately 
boarded an .Aeroflot flight to 
Moscow (AP reports). 

The release, announced by 
the Swiss Foreign Ministry, 
leaves just one Russian soldier + 
still interned under an accord 
negotiated in 1 982. 

Resignation threat to 
Malaysian Cabinet 

From M. G. G. Pfllai 
Koala Lmnpnr 

The Malaysian Cabinet 
faces a serious split after the 
abrupt resignation yesterday 
of the deputy Prime Minister, 
Datuk Musa Hitara. 

Datuk Seri Dr Mahathir 
Mohamed. the Prime Minis- 
ter, has stonewalled all inqui- 
ries, but has called an 
emergency meeting of the 
supreme council of his United 
Malay National Organization 
(UMNO) party for tonight 

Datuk Musa resigned as 
deputy Prime Minister, Home 
Minister and deputy president 
of UMNO. 

> > ; u 

Dr Mahathir beset by 
political setbacks. ’ 

Dr Mahathir expects to call suffered a number of political 
early general eteefaons within setbacks recently, notably 

t he nex t six months. . 

The Prime Minister has 

growing Is lami c fundamental- 
ist pressures. 

•. : --.i :,A. - ‘.i.i •.vs- -,.s..viv: IMS A I.A1U; Am'jOX'WDEFEVXU* i’\ • 

Dutch Citizens ! 

Y ou are now able to participate for 
the first time from abroad in the 
elections for the representatives of 
the Second Chamber of the States- 
Generai on 2 1st May 1986. 

Naturally you do wish to make use 
of your right to vote. 

You can register as voter before 
24th March, that is to say that your 
registration forms need to be re- 
ceived by the Rijksinspectie in the 
Hague by that day. 

You can apply for a voters registra- 
tion form at the 

Netherlands Embassy 
38 Hyde Park Gate 
London SW7 5DP 
tel. 01-584 5040 

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You don’t need to be a regular 
reader of the Financial Times to know 
that this is a list of very successful 

But progressive and far-sighted? 

They all recognise that they can 
only stay successful by training 
young people for the future. 

And that having properly-trained 
people working for you means higher 

And that a regular input of 
enthusiastic young people has a 
positive effect on everyone in a firm. 

Which is why they’re about to 
take on thousands of school-leavers 
on the new 2 year YTS. 

These tightly-run companies will, 
with the happy agreement of their 
finance directors, be devoting time 
and money to training totally green 
sixteen and seventeen year olds. 

An investment that will be pay- 
ing returns year in, year out, way 
into the next century. 

Up to now, over 100,000 com- 
panies have said they want to be part 
of the scheme. So your competitors 
are probably already amongst them. 


































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on the rocks? 

The world's biggest selling whisky, as a 
full-page advertisement in the current 
takeover battle for Distillers boldly 
proclaims, is a Japanese substance 
named Old Suntory. True enough, but 

It is intended to demean Distillers, 
and to highlight the sluggishness and 
decline of this once unassailable giant 
of the Scotch whisky industry. True. 
Distillers have been sluggish: but as a 
claim it is highly misleading, and 
unfair both to the company and the 
industry at large. The Japanese may 
have flooded die earth with cats and 
computers, but they have singularly 
failed to fill the oceans with whisky. 

What the advertisements do not 
state is that almost all Japanese 
whisky is drunk in Japan. Nor do the 
advertisements reveal that in the last 
five years sales of Old Suntory have 
been virtually halved as the Japanese 
have turned in droves to a much 
lighter rice-based spirit, Shochu. 

The fortunes ofSuniory and Scotch 
are curiously bound up. Not only has 
the Japanese market for whisky 
shrunk alarmingly, but also - breathe 
it not in the glens of Speyside — 
Suntory whiskies contain a fair pro- 
portion of the finest Scotch malts, 
including Clenlivet and Glen Grant, 
two of Scotland’s premier names. 

Exports of Scotch to Japan — its 
third largest overseas market — fell by 
nearly one third last year, almost 
entirely due to the decline in demand 
for bulk Highland malt whisky to 
blend with the local product That at 
least has taken much of the heat out 
of a fierce argument that has raged in 
the Scotch industry for years: should 
malt whisky be exported at all? 

What is needed now is 
a bit more hard sell 

Opponents have argued long and 
hard that by doing so the industry cuts 
its own throat The distillers who do it 
iGLenlivet-Glcn Grant owned by 

While the battle goes 
on for control of the 
declining Distillers 
Company, the whisky 
industry’s fortunes, 
ironically, are looking 
up. Alan Hamilton 
pours out the story 

also registered an increase of about S 
per cent its first since 1979. Overall 1 
am moderately encouraged; stocks are 
now more in line with demand, and 
the industry is getting its marketing 
together.” What is needed now, he 
says, is a bit more hard selL 

That Scotch whisky makes any 
headway at all is a tribute to the 
excellence of the product and the skill 
with which it is sold, for in almost 
every market in the world it is 
discriminated against by high taxation 
and other restrictions, a victim of hs 
own success. A delegation from the 
Scotch Whisky Association is at this 
moment in Tokyo trying to persuade 
the Japanese to remove the import 
taxes which are higher than those on 
American bourbon. Scotch is taxed at 
twice the rate of top-grade Japanese 
whisky. The tariffs are for higher than 
for the small amount of Japanese 
spirits coming into the EEC. 

Common Market countries, with 
France as the ringleader, have been 
among the worst offenders in impos- 
ing discriminatory taxes against 
Scotch, in the past two years, howev- 
er, the French have been shamed into 
removing the worst of them and the 
country has become Scotch's second 
biggest export market, with an in- 
crease of 1 6 per cent last year — much 
of it unfortunately. Wended whisky 

sion to the Chancellor, and awaits his 
Budget with some foreboding, it also 
wants him to defer the collection of 
excise duty, currently levied four 
weeks after the whisky leaves the 
bonded warehouse, to eight weeks, 
allowing the distillers time to recoup 
the money from retail sales. 

Bui these are not the factors which 
have pushed the once-proud Distillers 
Company into decline, for others have 
prospered while the giant has not: 
none of the top three whiskies on the 
home market is now a DCL brand. 
Fifteen years ago DCL had half the 
UK market; now it has only 17 per 
cent Overseas its Johnnie Walker Red 
Label is still the world's best seller, but 
it has shown some decline, as have 
Haig. Black and White, and the 
group's other internationally famous 

- Scotch whisky is all about market- 
ing. an area in which Distillers has 
fallen down woefully; for who can 
truly tell the difference between a 
Bell's and a Grouse? The modern 
industry was founded by two brilliant 
marketing men, James Buchanan and 
Tommy Dewar, who took the anony- 
mous spirit of their native land and 
pui a label on it 

Better marketing is the key to the 
future. Give Sims, Johnnie Walker's 
marketing services director, explains: 
“The great growth m exports in the 
1 970s was achieved by pushing into 
new comers of the world. Now we 
have run out of world, but we 
certainly have not run out of potential 
customers. In the United States, for 
example, only 15 per cent of adults 
drink Scotch whisky, the room for 
expansion is enormous.” 






Source: HM Custom® 
and Excise 

(Million cases per year) 
Country Quantity 

% change* 

per year\ 
since 1980 s 

1 Bacardi Rum Various 

2 Smirnoff Vodka Various 

3 Ricard Anise Various 

4 Suntory Old Whisky Japan 

5 Gordon's Gin Various 

6 Johnnie Walker Red 

Label Whisky Scotland 

7 Seagrams’ 

7 Crowns Whisky USA 

8 J 4 B Rare Whisky Scotland 

9 Suntory Red Whisky Japan 

10 Jim Beam Whiskey USA 

1 1 Beil’s Whisky Scotland 

12 Canadian 

Mist Whisky Canada 
Source: Impact int erna tio na l 

Seagrams, is one of the biggest) aigue shipped in bulk and bottled there 

that they have an urgent need to shift 
stocks. One Highland distillery. 
Tomatin. which relied heavily on sales 
of bulk malt whisky abroad, recently 
went bankrupt, if has since been 
bought by a Japanese company. 

The Scotch industry has been 

under the brand name “Label 5". 

The Common Market as a whole 
now rivals the United States as the 
biggest importer of Scotch. But the 
whisky industry is punished equally, 
and often needlessly, at home. Whisky 
is one of the greatest gifts to Scotland. 

through several years of deep depres- and to the world, but most of all to the 
sum. wi th nearly 30 of Scotland's 131 Chancellor, who collected £800 mil- 
distilleries closed permanently or lion from it last year in excise duty and 
temporarily. But there are several VAT. 

indications that Scotch is on the road According to John Macphail. chair- 
to recovery -something of an irony at man 0 f the Scotch Whiskv Associa- 
a time when Distillers is in such tion. the taxman's refusal to raic<» 
decline. account of the inflationary factor on 

Scorch whisky earned £994 million maturing stocks of whisky — which 
in exports in 1985. an increase in 

value of 7 per cent on the previous ~~ ; ' ~ m 

year, even though the volume fell The industry awaits die 
from 231 million litres to 226 million. Rmlopt with fnrplwfino 
The fall in volume is largely explained PlWget TOP iOreDOfling 

by the decline in bulk malt exports. 

According to one ofleading analysts must slumber in their Highland 
of the industry. Alan Gray of the warehouses for a legal minimum of 
Glasgow stockbrokers Campbell Neill; three years to ensure quality — 

“Although the total volume of exports effectively confiscates the profit on 
has declined the encouraging factor is three out of every four bottles sold in 
that by far the largest category of Britain. The abolition of stock relief in 
export — bottled- in-Scotland Wends — the 1 984 Budget was a serious blow to 
has been increasing. It went up by 1.7 the industry, 
per cent in 1984 when total export "It is estimated that the historical 
volume fell by 2 per cent Bottled-in- cost of our stocks is £1.600 million”. 
Scotland accounts for 67 per cent ofail Macphail says. “With inflation at 5.5 
exports: it is much more profitable per cent, an illusory inflation profit of 
than bulk and creates many more £88 million a year has been calculated. 
Scottish jobs, particularly in blending That profit is m fact non-existent but 

and bottling plants. 

despite that, with Corporation tax at 

“Bottled single malt whisky exports 35 per cent, it gives rise to a tax charge 
have shot up by 27 per cent of £30-8 million a year. We feel we are 
unfortunately single malt accounts for being subjected to this simply because 

only 2 per cent of exports. 

“In 1 985 the home whisky market 

of administrative expediency.” 

The industry has made its submis- 

Spirits are losing ground 
to wines and beers 

But that are difficulties; American 
tastes are currently locked into ideas 
of health which turns them away from 
strong drink, and spirits are losing 
some ground to wine and beer. Part of 
the answer, according to Sims, is to 
introduce new Wands carefully target- 
ed at specific age or social groups. 
That however, brings its own dangers. 
The American market is dominated, 
and was largely created, by six top 
brands; all the others ride on their 
backs and too many new labels could 
affect their sales. 

Traditionalists also fear that any 
new owners of Distillers may be 
tempted to trade down market and 
put a major effort into cut-price 
brands. Scotch, abroad at least sells 
largely on being a top quality, 
premium product Even in the land of 
the free and the free market a bottle of 
premium Scotch in New York is twice 
the price of a bottle of bourbon. 

Another part of the answer is to 
dispel the myth, clung to in America, 
that Scotch must be drunk on its own. 
Sales would leap, it is believed, were 
Scotch accepted as a base for cocktails. 

“The cocktail fashion can only grow 
in America; I have even heard them 
asking for Periier and water.” 

Whoever becomes the eventual 
owner of Distillers, and injects fresh 
enthusiasm and marketing skill into it, 
could find himself the winner of a very 
rich prize indeed. There is every 
indication that the world's thirst for 
the world's highest quality spirit drink 
will continue to increase, provided 
governments, including the British, 
can be persuaded not to stand in the 

Old Suntory may yet be knocked off 
the top shelf 

Hustranan fay Geoffrey Sms and Me* Caiman 


1 Johnnie Walker Red Label 

2 J & B Rare 

3 Dewar's 

4 Ballantine’s 

5 Cftivas Regal 

6 Johnnie walker Black Label 

7 Black and White 

8 Bell’s 

9 Haig 
10 Vat 69 
Source: Various 


Grand Metropolitan 
Hiram Walker 




Allied Breweries 

% market 


The Famous Grouse Highland Distillers 

Grant's Standfast 
Whyte and Mackay 
White Horse 

Stewart s Cream 
of the Barley 
Long John 

William Grant 

10 Ma 

Allied Breweries 

Invergorden Distillers 

Source: Campbell Neil and Co 


(Million Btres 
pure alcohol) 

1 USA 65.9 

2 France 23.2 

3 Japan 15.3 

4 Italy 13.7 

5 Spain 8.2 

6 South Africa 8.1 

7 Australia 8.0 

8 West Germany 7.8 

9 Belgium/Luxembourg 5.5 

10 Canada 4.7 

11 Greece 4 2 

12 Netherlands 3.9 

13 Sweden 3J2 

14 Venezuela 3 2 

15 Brazil 2.9 

Total worldwide exports: 225.8 miffion Btres (-2%) 
Source: HM Customs and Excise 

% change on 
Jan-Nov 1984 



The weekend starts here 

Life in the City of Joy 

Franpoise Sagan: life as a gamble 

Games of Chance 

Franfoise Sagan, the celebrated French writer, 
confesses to a lifelong Jove affair with gambling, 
legacy of years spent in the glamorous casinos 
of Cannes and Deauville. In Games of Chance. 
an extract from her new book With' Fondest 
Regards . she explains with pride untinged by 
remorse her fatal fascination with the gaming 
tables, often bringing her to the brink of nun. 

How the people of a 
Calcutta slum find 
happiness at the 
bottom rung of the 
poverty ladder 

Dominique Lapierre went 
back to India in 1981 taking 
with him $50,000 of his 
royalties from earlier best 
sellers. like Is Paris Burning?, 
Freedom ai Midnight and The 
Fifth Horseman, all of which 
he wrote with Larry Collins. 
In Calcutta, Mother Teresa 
introduced him to James Ste- 
vens. an Englishman who ran 
Udayan. an organization 
which looked after the chil- 
dren of lepers. Stevens was 
broke. “I gave him my 
money”. Lapierre says, “so 

Hopeful; Dominique Lapierre 

that he need not close this 
island of hope”. 

He wrote about Stevens in a 
French magazine, and the 
public sent $70,000 in re- 
sponse. Then Lapierre and his 
wife decided to go and live in a 
Calcutta slum called Anand 
Nagar. The translation is 
“City of Joy”, the title of his 


The prodigal 
Liza Minnelli 
back on stage 

Harvest of 
the sea 
La Rochelle’s 

£22,000 to be won 

Can you always get your copy of T he Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 




I Against (6) 

S Wheezing com- 
plaint (6) 

8 Pea fruit (3) 

9 Sound intensity {6) 

10 Tainted 16) 

11 Money owed (4| 

12 Semolina, meat (8) 
14 Looking glass ( 6 ) 
17 Small hantticbord 

19 Vessel support (8) 
22 Nntsai>ce(4) 

24 Skimpy bathers (6) 

25 Ideal society (6) 

26 Gingiva (3) 

27 Gravity law physi- 
cist (6) 

28 Retaliated) 


2 Produce (5) 

3 Stammer (7) 

4 Knitted vest (7) 

5 Goodbye (S) 

6 Theme f5) 

7 Large lent (7) 

13 Drink delkately (3) 

15 Picture (7) 

16 Simpleton (3) 

17 Orange dints (7) 

18 Beg (7) 

20 Decree (5) 

21 Line up (5) 

23 Bee wound (?) 


ACROSS: 8 In consequence 9Ria JO Extortion II Barge IJ Re- 
el uJ 16 Whetted 19 March 22 Emollient 24 Jam 25 Ducorrcertfri 
DOWN: 1 Midrib 2 Eclair 3 Interest 4 Rector 5f£rr 6Wf 
kermd 12 Ash 14 Cemetery 15 Arc 16 Widely 17 Egoist 18 
Drench 20 Rejoin 21 Homage 23 Loon 

latest book. This was written 
in tbe South of France with 
the words odeur, couleur. bruit 
propped up in front of him to 
recall tbe stench of the open 
sewers, the beauty of the 
people, and the constant 
noise. It deals with the lives of , 
four people: a Catholic priest j 
an American medical student, I 
an Assamese nurse and a 
rickshaw puller. 

In a space the size of three 
football pitches in the City of 
Joy lived 70,000 Hindus, 
Moslems, refugees from 
drought and famine, lepers 
and eunuchs, and yet the place 
seemed full of happiness. Fes- 
tivals took place every day. 
with 400 people celebrating a 
child's first tooth. “That level 
of life leaches you how to 
share”, says Lapierre. “No one 
is alone - if you are alone, you 
are destroyed. I found more 
positive values than in our so- 
called civilized western world. 

I was never asked - only given? 

He got used to the rats, the 
scorpions, the flies and the 
beat and remembers seeing a 
woman fanning herself in her 
sleep, wondering io himself 
how long it took to learn that 
skill. His bopk has already 
sold two million copies, and 
i half the royalties are going to 
the people of Calcutta. 

If the City of Joy is im- 
proved by even so much as 
covering in the sewers, the 
rents will rise, and the people 
who would benefit will have to 
8 °. 

! "Calcutta is so inhuman, so 
terrible, that it has the magic 
power to make super people, 
apostles, saints. Where you 
would expect only death, you 
discover life”, says Lapierre. 
He adds a quotation from 
Tagore. 7 Adversity is big, but 
man is bigger than adversity," 

Philippa Toomey 

The City Of Joy by Dominique 
Lapierre. Century Hutchin- 
son, £12.95 

Talking to a 
select few 

The French 

In an article on the French 
elections (Spectrum, February 
24), it was stated that “there is 
no social security in France”. 
This should have read “there 
is no social security safety net , 
in France”. Unlike Britain, 
France operates a finite sys- 
tem whereby after a certain 
time a claimant is no longer 
entitled to benefits. 

A new magazine is 
aimed at the young, 
nouveau riche Arabs 
who have begun to 
s ee Britain as home 

This week a bizarre new 
magazine joins tbe growing 
range of glossies which are 
posted free to a “select” 
mailing lisL It is called 

“ Arabel is the first glossy 
society/business magazine 
exclusively designed for the 
wealthy Arab community res- 
ident in the LIK”, runs the 
publicity. “With a circulation 
of 30.000. Arabel is distribut- 
ed free every month to the 
business and/or private ad- 
dresses of- Arab royalty 
(princes and sheikhs), ambas- 
sadors, diplomatic staff, bank 
and company chairmen, 
managing directors — ”, it 

The premium advertising 
market of property. BMWs 
and jewellery is now being 
pursued by a whole range of 
publications, from the estab- 
lished ones like Taller to 
mail-shot newcomers like 
The London Gentleman . The 
UK Arab market is served by 
a variety of business and 
news publications. But Arabel 
is something new. In this case 
tbe mailing list really is 
“select” — for Arabs only. 
And it offers them their own 
Toiler and therefore a new 
kind of publishing — and 
marketing — identity. 

There are about 500.000 
Arabs in Britain. The major- 
ity have much in common 
with any other immigrant 
community — they tend to be 
poorer than average and they 
are predominantly employed 
in menial tasks in local 
authority and catering ven- 
tures. Their numbers have 
remained static for some 

But since the oil rises of 
1 975. they have been joined 
by' two new classes. Fust, 
there are the oil-rich sheikhs 
and princes for whom Britain 
provides one home among 
many others and who supply 
material for an endless list of 
anecdotes about their limit- 
less wealth. Second, there is a 
new Arab professional class. 
Their assets may be small but 
their incomes are high. Typi- 
cally they work for banks or 
the diplomatic corps. 

London has provided this 
second group with a natural 
home. It is still one of the few 
financial centres of tbe world 
and it retains a reputation for 
liberality and stability, if not 
for tolerance of foreigners. 
Tbe new magazine is an 
attempt to penetrate that 
market Its publisher, Farid 
El Khatib, believes these 
newcomers are now suffi- 
ciently established to want 
something that ties them 
together socially. 

Now, 1 3 years on, Britain is 
beginning to feel like home. 
For reasons ranging from 
political instability m their 
native countries to the mere 
tact that they like it here, their 
stay is becoming permanent 
Children are growing up and 
becoming part of English 
society, and the seclusion in 
which most of them have 
lived no longer seems tolera- 

As El Khatib points out 
this means that the old 
complexities of national dif- 
ferences between the 26 dif- 
ferent Arab nationalities are 
beginning to be suppressed. 
They are determined to re- 

main Arab but are finding 
that Syrians and Egyptians. 
Lebanese and Jordanians 
have more in common when 
they are in Britain. 

But tbe popular, prejudiced 
view that all .Arabs are either 
rich or politically unstable 
remains. “It can be very 
embarrassing being an Arab 
in Britain”, said one banker, 
“but the association of Arabs 
with enormous wealth 
doesn't really make sense. Of 
course there are poor Arabs 
just as there are poor Paki- 
stanis. but I also know Paki- 
stanis who are as nch or 
richer than our sheikhs and 

For him, the property, 
jewellery and fashion of 
Arabel is acceptable — it is 
servicing one small part of 
the Arab community. Others 
find it distinctly distasteful. 
The Arab Women’s Council 
began as a relief organization 
in the wake of the 1967 
Middle East war. It was 
founded and is still run by Dr 
Esmai El Said, an Egyptian 
who has been in Britain for 
almost 30 years. 

The meetings at her home 
in south Kensington are at- 
tended by women from al- 
most every Arab country. 

vfcs>' i 
. wpw* 

Glamour The Arabel image 

They are more interested in 
tbe 7.000 Moroccans in north 
Kensington than the half 
dozen Gulf princes in Park 

Over tea and Middle East- 
ern sweets and savouries, 
they brushed talk of Arabel 
aside and complained of the 
damaging consequences of 
reinforcing the impression 
that Arabs were invariably 
rich. “There are only about 
five genuinely rich .Arab 
states”. Dr El Said pointed 
out, “and many of the others 
are desperately poor”. 

In the dummy edition of 
the magazine, picture cover- 
age of a party was sadly 
headed “Few women 
present*' suggesting the 
community's own socializing 
has some way to go before it 
takes on the ease 3nd gloss of 
that reported in Taller. Yet 
the title page made a game 
effort — there were pictures of 
Prince Michael and the Prin- 
cess of Wales as well as of 
Omar Sharif. 

“To qualify for the Arabel 
controlled circulation list, the 
absolute minimum house- 
hold income will be £25.000 
per annum", adds the public- 
ity. “Median and average 
incomes will be far in excess 
of this”. 

The AWCs leaflets talk of 
hospital visiting, social and 
legal problems and educa- 
tional committees. Arabel 
may be highlighting the fact 
that new divisions are replac- 
ing old ones but at least they 
are merely the same sort of 
divisions from which every 
other race suffers. 

Bryan Appleyard 

<£) Times Newspapm LM. 19B6 

Milan: all the clothes fit to print 
Charismatic Paris Ice-cool in London 


Peter York on machine-made youth 

Horses with jet lag 




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TTie first question that the doctor 
asked Mrs Anne Todd when her 
J O-year-old son Robert was admit- 
ted to hospital was: "Do you 
blame Windscale?” 

*“l said ‘yes' because I'd already 
thought of it”, says Mrs Todd, 
“and we'd already had, in just a 
few years, more ieukaezn ia cases in 
this area than our doctor said he 
would expea in his lifetime ” 
Four weeks later, Robert was 
dead of leukaemia, another cold 
statistic among the reams of 
scientific data that may one day 
prove that living near a nuclear 
processing plant can be lethal. 

_ Anne Todd and her husband 
Ken. a local garage owner in the 
Cumbrian village of Broughton- 
in-Furness, are just two of the 
thousands of ordinary people 
caught in the middle of the 
political minefield which current- 
ly surrounds the Sellafield nuclear 
processing plant 
Still referred to as “Windscale” 
by the local inhabitants who 
remember it from the days when it 
was a top-secret military establish- 
ment. Sellafield has become a 
chilling symptom of the side 
effects of progress, a radioactive 
time bomb to be tossed back and 
forth between the scientists, politi- 
cians. pressure groups and media. 

While the local rate of child- 
hood leukaemia is acknowledged 
to be significantly higher than the 
national average, and while high 
level doses of radiation are medi- 
cally accepted as a cause of cancer, 
there is still a considerable 
amount of research to be done to 
find out whether causal links exist 
between nuclear plants and the 
incidence of malignancies in their 
vicinities. None has been estab- 
lished yeL 

But while the academics and 
statisticians dig still deeper into 
the nuclear unknown, scrutinizing 
everything from the post mortem 
tissue of children who die around 
Sellafield to the eating habits of 
the local residents, the people who 
actually inhabit the sprawling 
rural communities of West Cum- 
bria continue to live with the fear 
of contamination. 

“The principle concern for us is 
the long-term effect of low level 
radiation”, says Dr Barry Walker, 
whose group general practice in 
the village of Seascale is over- 
looked by Sdlafield's four giant 
cooling towers. 

Dr Jack Strain: there are no iD 
effects on the local people 




Sally Brompton on 
the dilemma of 
the West Cumbrian 
community whose 
livelihood rests on a 
nuclear ‘minefield’ 

"The levels of contamination 
we're talking about these days are 
certainly very low indeed and 
unlikely to kill you in convention- 
al medical terms. My concern — 
and that of people like me - is that 
we are reaDy underestimating the 
seriousness of having this stuff in 
our environment over a long 

“It's not simply what has al- 
ready been dumped in the sea that 
worries us; the problems of the 
airborne emissions need to be 
looked at as well.” 

While much of the local popula- 
tion is transient, workers who 
remain at the plant for just two or 
three years, it is the hard core of 
native Cumbrians living in the 
immediate vicinity who concern 

“It's among the people who 
have been working at the plant 
since the early 1950s or living in 
the area since then that you'd now 
expea to start seeing things 
happening", he says. "I get older 
patients coming into my surgery 
with malignancies which I person- 
ally believe are related to radia- 
tion, and i think that in 10 or IS 
years time we will inherit the 
legacy of what has been going on 
here as far as the workers and 
people who have been living here 
for a long time are concerned.” 

Harry King was one of the first 
workers to join Windscale in 1951 
at the age of 28. He began as a se- 
curity officer and was then moved 
to the processing department. Ten 
years later it was discovered that 
the dust extractor in his particular 
unit had not been operating for 
some time and the department 
was closed down for modification 

while King and his colleagues were 
moved to another building. 

“Harry came home and said he 
bad received an overdose of 
plutonium and mustn’t work with 
it again”, his wife. Jean, recalls. 

“He didn’t actually say be was 
worried but in the following weeks 
J noticed a change in his outlook. 
He seemed to become much more 
quia and introverted. ] suppose, 
looking back, that be must have 
been worrying about it but he was 
the kind of person who would 
have kept it from me so that I 
wouldn't worry too." 

Four years later, Harry King's 
teeth began falling out, followed 
by his hair. In 1971 he was forced 
to retire from work having lost his 
eyesight as a result of cataracts. 
Two years later he died from 
cancer of the brain, 

British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL). 
who look on the plant from the 
UK Atomic Energy Authority in 
1971, denied liability but paid bis 
widow £8,000 compensation in a 
test case in 1977. The widows of 
three of Harry King’s colleagues 
are currently claiming compensa- 
tion Tor tbeir husbands' deaths 
from cancer under BNFL’s new 
compensation scheme which dis- 
penses with the need for expensive 
court cases. The scheme, set up in 
1 982 to compensate the families of 
staff who die from cancers alleged- 
ly caused by radiation, has just 
been expanded to include more 
morbidity payments made before 
death occurs. 

So far, five payments worth a 
total of £246.233 have been made 
under the scheme out of 164 
claims, of which 94 have already 
been dismissed by BNFL At no 
time has the company accepted 
liability for any of the deaths. 

In the plant's highly sophisticat- 
ed medical department. Dr Jack 
Strain, Sellafiekfs senior medical 
officer, is reassuring. “Quite frank- 
ly, radiation is the very least of our 
worries and we do not look on it as 
a problem either on site or outside 
the plant. 

“There is surface contamina- 
tion which is not unusual when 
you're working in the active area, 
but that's no problem at all and 
just washes off with soap and 
water. On rare occasions, we do 
gel interna! intakes of radio nu- 
clides, mainly plutonium on this 
site, which can be swallowed or 

Mrs Jean King , whose husband died of cancer, outside Sellafield : ‘Harry came home and said be had received an overdose of plutonium’ 

deposited in a wound, or inhaled person involved. We present the would outwardly agree with him. another part of the country he. 

and lodged in the lungs and then facts to them and show them that they are the first to acknowledge too. would leave ihe area where he 

passed in the bloodstream to other so far nobody has developed any thattheir livelihood depends upon was bora. In the meantime, his 

organs.” side effects from working in the Sellafield. three small children are not al- 

deposited in a wound, or inhaled 
and lodged in the lungs and then 
passed in the bloodstream to other 

If routine monitoring indicates 
that plutonium has been inhaled, 
the worker is made to blow on a 
tissue and if the result of that is 
positive then he is given an 
intravenous injection of a collat- 
ing agent which binds up the 
plutonium and enhances the ex- 
cretion of it That is followed by a 
whole-body monitor and, if neces- 
sary, faecal and urine tests, the 
results of which can take between 
four and six weeks. 

Dr Strain emphasizes that in 
most cases the worker is cleared 
and returned to normal duty. “On 
the very rare occasions when we 
Find plutonium has been inhaled 
we have a long discussion with, the 

person involved. We present the 
facts to them and show them that 
so far nobody has developed any 
side effects from working in the 
nuclear industry. Of course there 
is some initial anxiety, but most of 
the workers on this site know what 
is going on and are philosophical 
about it" 

As far as risks of contamination 
among the local communities are 
concerned, Strain is equally un- 
compromising. “There are no 
effects at all on people who live in 
the vicinity", he says. “The locals 
have lived with the plant fora long 
time now and they accept it. And 
so far we haven’t seen any 
demeritorious effects in the sur- 
rounding population.” While 
many of the villagers living along 
this picturesque strip of coastline 
which borders the Lake District 

Radiation: the universal danger 

Dr Barry Walken the long-term 
effect is the principal concern 

Dr Alice Stewart, a specialist in 
the health risks of low-level 
radiation, believes as a result of 
her own research that back- 
pound radiation can affect the 
risk of cancer, particularly in the 
case of an unborn child. 

“We know that a single X-ray 
shot can have a cancer effect on a 
foetus or an embryo, which 
raises the suspicion that, if you 
put up the background radiation 
to which we are ail exposed by 
contaminating the environment. 

, either by gamma radiation or by 
radioaaive particles in the 
things that people might acci- 
dentally eat or breathe, then this 

will obviously have a similar 
effea - especially during the nine 
months in which the child is 

Dr Stewart, a senior research 
fellow in the Depanmem of 
Social Medicine at Birmingham 
University, suspects that back- 
ground radiation may be leading 
to both cancer and congenital 
defects “without our knowing 
anything about it”. 

She rites a recent survey at a 
nuclear plant in America where 
the radiation still exhibited signs 
of “having a cancer effea that 
was not expected, despite the 

fact that operators were working 
at an average level of well below 
a tenth of what is considered to 
be safe. 

“The effea was small and 
hard to detect was there." 
Dr Stewart said, "it was detect- 
able in women who had even 
lower doses than the men." 

Her view i$ that there is no 
such thing as a safe level. “What 
do you mean by safe?" she said. 
“Nuclear authorities tend to 
assume that the effect of these 
low doses is so small that it is 
undetectable, but that does not 
mean that it is not there.” 

would outwardly agree with him, 
they are ihe first to acknowledge 
that their livelihood depends upon 

With a full-time staff of 6.500 
plus another 5.000 contracted 
employees, the nuclear plant is 
undoubtedly the mainstay of West 
Cumbria’s economy. Dr Bany 
Walker estimates that of his 
practice’s 6.700 patients scattered 
over an area of 300 square miles, 
90 per cent of those working are 
employed at Sellafield with almost 
all the remaining 10 per cent 
dependant upon it for their vari- 
ous trades. Only ihe smalt local 
fanning community could survive 
without the nuclear industry. 

In Seascale itself, a tiny wind- 
swept village of pebble-dashed 
semis with a population of 1.000 
adults and 200 children, attitudes 
vary. Pam States’ biggest worry is 
the loss of the weekend passing 
trade at the small seafront hold 
•which she and her husband Tom. 
both former Sellafield employees, 
have owned for the past four 
years. “The nuclear scares are 
killing this area” she says. “It's ail 
a lot of fuss about nothing. I was 
born here, my daughter was born 
here and all my family have lived 
here for years and the only 
problem is the large number of old 
people in the area because every- 
one lives so long." 

Dr Walker is sceptical about 
such apparent complacancy 
among the local community “Of 
course they all say reassuring 
things to you”, he says, “but if 
someone offered them the same 
job which wasn’t in Seascale. most 
of them would be off like a shot." 

He admits that if he were to be 
offered a comparable practice in 


Hope and the true romantic 

lowed io swim in the sea nor eat 
local fish nor pick up anything 
they may find on the beach. “It’s a 
case of minimising the exposure 
but it’s probably worst in the 
home, anyway, because it appears 
to concentrate the stuff." he sa\s. 

Tm not anti-nuclear, 
but I feel the nuclear 
industry doesn’t know 
all the answers yet" 

Many of the local residents, who 
privately confess to being worried 
about the situation, compare the 
risks to the dangers of living in a 
big city and prefer to stay. Even 
Jean King, whose grief drove her 
to several attempts of suicide after 
her husband's death, admits; “I 
wouldn't live anywhere else. I was 
brought up around here and as a 
child I spent very happy days on 
the local beaches — a pleasure that 
future generau'ons won’t have.” 

Dr David Todd, a general 
practitioner in Barrciw-in-Fumess. 
sums up local opinion when he 
says:*Tm not an anti-nuclear per- 
son but I do feel that the nuclear 
industry doesn’t know all the 
answers yet. They try to reassure 
the public from a position of 
strength whereas in fact the rea- 
sons they have learned all the 
things ihcv have learned -espe- 
cially at Sellafield— is because of 
all the mistakes they have made 
over the years." 

0 Times Newspapers Lid. 1986 


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Good design at goodpnees I 

A nna Massey has the 
sort of voice that 
Shakespeare would 
have said made heaven drowsy 
with its harmony, and flowed 
languorously on like a brook. 
“It was a very dear man friend 
of mine who first said I must 
start reading Anita Brookner’s 
books”, recalls Massey. 
“They Are so subtle, so intri- 
cate, so passionate, and I think 
I feel true empathy — though I 
never quite know what the 
word means — with her 

She takes a deep breath, 
stares with grave, slightly 
protuberant, eyes and the 
brook begins unexpectedly to 
babble: “Anyway, I was chat- 
ting to my TV producer friend 
Sue Birtwhistie and I told her 
she most read Anita Brookaer. 
Shortly afterwards, we 
plucked -up the nerve to write 
to this wondrous author sug- 
gesting she might like to do a 
film script for ns.” 

The wondrous author, it 
transpired (after Massey has 
digressed about her passion 
for Proust, her. theory that 
extroverts had simply con- 
quered their shyness, and the 
importance of having a room of 
one’s own), wrote back saying 
thank yon, but no. However, 
Birtwhistie and Massey might 
care to read her unpublished 
pew novel? And maybe Mas- 
sey might be interested in 
playing the heroine? Which is 
how Massey comes to be 
playing Edith Hope in the 
BBC’s production on Sunday 
| of Hold Du Lac \ adapted by 
Christopher Hampton from 
Brookner’s elegant novel. 

“It was an absolute gift from 

heaven”, enthuses Massey. 
‘•The port of Edith is an 
absolute jrtom. We both 
thought the manuscript was 
brilliant. We bought the fiha 
rights. And when it won the 
1984 Booker Prize it was like a 
fairy story- Then evetyone was 
haggling for the rights, of 
course, ami we’d already got 

In Hotel Du Lac , Edith, a 

AH for love: Anna Massey 

fiction, is la social disgrace 
and has been bandied ®ff by 
friends to a melancholy Swiss 
lakeside hotel where, it is 
hoped, she wifi reflea upon 
her recalcitrance. At the hotel 
she is drawn reluctantly into 
the lives of her fellow guests 
and into romance of a sort. 

Massey points oat that 
Edith is the quintessential 
1980s career woman. “Like all 
Anita's heroines she is very 
much a middle-class woman of 
today. She's successful, inde- 
pendent, intelligent, witty and 
above all she is not ashamed to 
admit to the importance of 
romance in her life.” 

H ere Massey daps ber 
hands and gives an 
unexpectedly hearty 
chuckle. “I’m all for romance 
myself. Not half. Edith has a 
wonderful speech in which she 
says: 'I cannot live without 
love. I cannot think or ad or 
speak or write or even dream 
with any kind of energy in the 
absence of love. I feel excluded 
from the living world. I become 
cold, fisb-tike, immobile. 1 
implode'. These are my o»u 
feelings exactly." 

Then, anticipate. tg imperti- 
nent questions about her ro- 
mantic circumstances, she 

continues: “I believe that the 
single woman's greatest strug- 
gle is keeping . optimistic. 
There is no romance in my life 
at present, alas. Oh. that there 
was. One still goes on hoping 
that one will walk into a room 
and he will be there. But it's 
largely a question of hick after 
one's twenties, isn't it? Yet 
one's energy and capacity for 
romance are just as strong as 
ever in mid-life. In fad there's 
a most wonderful line on this 
very topic iu Anita's novel 
Family aod Friends. 

Adjusting rimless specta- 
cles she reads: “To suppose 
that those who are sexually 
inactive are also sexually inar- 
ticulate is a grave mistake, but 
one that is made with disheart- 
ening frequency”. 

Quite so sighs Massey, 
adding that she occasionally 
experiences a dread of becom- 
ing spinsterish. She was mar- 
ried “for a brief space of time” 
at the age of 29 mid made her 
acting debut at 17. Both times, 
she feels she was far too 

Massey never discusses her 

marriage, and not many people 
realize she has a grown-up 
son. called David. He has 
made ber swear not to invade 
his privacy. He would kill her, 
she says, if anything were 
written about him. 

Offering me a tumbler of 
gin, Massey draws my atten- 
tion to an oil painting hidden 
behind a drooping pot plant “I 
did that when I learnt to paint 
wbile playing Gwen John. It's 
my first and last painting. As 
Edith I didn’t unfortunately, 
leant to write a novel but I did 
get rather steeped in the role. 

W e filmed in Lucerne 
for three weeks and 
were bloody lucky 
with the weather. For two days 
it rained like 1 haven't seen 
rain, which was perfect for the 
damp, misty sequences. And 
then the sun shone- I bad a 
wonderful turret room, bliss- 
fully quiet, with a balcony, f 
felt like RapunzeL No ... I 
felt exactly like Edith. God 
knows what 1'il become when 1 
do my next part. I'm to be 
Goneril in David Hare's au- 
tumn production of King Lear, 
and I'm so excited, I could get 
up and dance.” 

Edith, in one of ber most 
passionate speeches, declares: 
“My idea of absolute happi- 
ness is to sit iu a bot garden all 
day, reading or writing, atteriy 
safe in the knowledge that the 
person I love will come home 
to me In the evening — every 
evening”. How does this com- 
pare to Massey’s ideal? “Oh 
mine is having friends to 
dinner, followed perhaps by a 
little bop. i love cooking. Tm a 
huge Delia Smith fan.” 

“Incidentally", Massey re- 
marks as I prepare to leave, “I 
must mention that Edith never 
sees herself as a victim. People 
have grown fed up wirb women 
as victims. The Jean Rhys 
woman belongs to the past. We 
don't have to be victims any 

Val Hennessy 


I 0(7 

Friday’s child is loving and iir 
^ giving — and wary as well. 

^ Where is my charity donation £3 
O going? How much is it help- s 
| ing? -§ 

With Dr Bamardo’s you 
jjj| know. And so do the thous- q 
l!j ands of handicapped or dep- pr. 
rived youngsters we’ll help this jp 
year. ? 

gi So if you're a Friday's Child at g? 
y heart, here's your chance- to s£s 
prove it. ^ 


send your donations or write for inform- SZZ 
ation co Dr Bernardo's, Barkingside, • mmi 
<eSZ Essex IG6 1QG iOI l 550 8822. S 






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As British Airways strives to fly 
the flag to Northern Ireland on 
Monday despite the Loyalist pro- 
test strike, spare a thought for its 
head of public affairs, David 
Burnside. Tea years ago he was a 
familiar figure in the Protestant 
workers' 15 -day general strike 
which toppled a power-sharing 

government He cut his PR teeth 
esaide to William Craig. leader of 
the now vanished ultra-right Van- 
guard Movement He stood in the 
I9S2 Stormont Assembly elec- 
tions against Ian Paisiey.“I am no 
more embarrassed about my pri- 
vate political persuasions than my 
colleagues who support the SDP 
or the Conservatives." he said 
yesterday. “Unionism is a legiti- 
mate poiitical force in the United 
Kingdom." Bui no. he would not 
say what he thinks of Monday's 

Time to reform rent law 

John Patten calls for a step-by-step repair 
of the damage to rented boasing 
caused by legislation of the last 20 years 

Rented housing needs a new 
direction. Public and private land- 
lords must again be seen to be 
respectable: that means reform in 
both sectors 

Even to mention possible 
changes to the rent acts, it is 
believed, can be political death. 
But such timid thinking has 
caused the number of dwellings 
available for rent to shrink from 
6.3 million to 1.7 million over the 
past 35 years. 

No one wants to take away the 
rights of existing tenants, or wants 
tenants with new lettings to be 
liable to increases in rent or to 
eviction at the whim of an 
unscrupulous landlord. What is 
needed is a step-by-step process, 
rather like trade union law reform 
since 1979. 

Building societies and other 
financial institutions, together 
with housing associations, can 
contribute in reviving private 
renting, given the right conditions. 

The aim should also be to make 
ii possible for responsible land- 
lords to secure a reasonable return 
from rented proper* y. The supply 
will then increase and tenanjs 
themselves will benefit. It is 

bizarre to have empty flats and 
houses next to people who arc 

This will work — to the benefit 
of the homeless, those moving 
jobs, and the young seeking their 
first job -only if the private 
rented sector can be insulated as 
much as possible from political 
swings. We must explore whether 
there is a basis for agreed reforms. 
We do a disservice to the whole 
community if wc allow the private 
rented sector to continue to be a 
political football. 

We also want to encourage a 
wide range of solutions to the 
problems of public rented hous- 
ing. The sheer size of most 
municipal housing authorities is 
daunting. The average local hous- 
ing authority new manages 12.000 
dwellings; some have many more. 
Their management inevitably pro- 
duces bureaucratic remoteness. 

There should be new man- 

agement methods: decentralizaion 
of local government housing 
departments, diversification, the 
transfer of management to local 
trusts, housing associations or 
tenant cooperatives. Private-sec- 
tor resources and skills need to be 


England and Wales 1914-1985 

1914 38 51 61 71 79 81 85 
r-ecoE March "September | 

brought in to assist with refurbish- 
ment and management problems. 

There are already good ex- 
amples of how well these new 
approaches can work. In Roch- 
dale. a tenant management co- 
operative has taken over all 
responsibility for running the 
Cioverhall estate, which has 249 
houses. On the Woodchurch es- 
tate in the WirraL a . private 
developer took on the rotten 
central core of the estate and 
converted unpopular maisonettes 
into attractive houses, for sale to 
former tenants and other first- 
time buyers. 

The message is familiar smaller 
is generally better. The landlords 
and management of the future 
must operate with smaller groups 
of houses and flats, in close touch 
with the tenants and responsive to 
their needs. 

During the past 50 years there 
has been a quiet revolution in 
home ownership. The revolution 
will continue, but a matching 
improvement in rented housing is 
badly needed. 

The author is Minister for Hous- 
ing. Urban Affairs and Construc- 

Bernard Levin 


It uas jusi too good to be true: a 
Communist with a party badge 
made h> Cartier. That is what we 
were told about the Spanish wife 
of Tory whip Tristan Garel- 
Jones . . but 1 am now reliably 
informed that this is untrue. Far 
from being a Communist she is a 
Catholic. Our apologies to her and 
her husband for the distress this 
must have caused. 

Inviting trouble 

Police will be on band tonight 
outside the Oxford Union as 
demonstrators gather to protest at 
the absence of a speaker from the 
African National Congress 31 a 
debate on South African economic 
sanctions. So incensed is the 
Oxford Anti-Apartheid Campaign 
that it is organizing a separate 
meeting in the City Hall with 
speakers from the ANC and 
Swapo. All of which vexes the 
union president Jeya Wilson, 
herself of Sri Lankan extraction 
and founder-member of a sports 
boycott campaign. The ANC was 
the first outfit she invited to 
speak — but refused because the 
union was “elitist". 

0 When we die. may it be m 
Waltham Forest, in north-east 
London. Listed in the telephone 
directory nnder “Libraries" is the 
local mortuary* while the two 
cemetries come under" Recreation 

Pop star 

- .As ihe disgraced Marcos skulks in 
Hawaii, a reader tells me of the 
time his glamorous wife Imelda 
visited their son, Ferdinand ju- 
nior. at the £4.380-a-year Benedic- 
tine Worth Abbey School in West 
• Sussex, imelda was having- a chat 
in the headmaster's study. “A loud 
pop was suddenly heard from the 
room, and Imelda's bodyguards 
stormed in. guns drawn. A 
lightbulb had blown ...” 

"The pood news. Ber> L Is (hat 
you can work past your retire- 
ment ape. The bad news is 
that you’te just been expelled* 

Foreign flood 

Lambeth council, which plans to 
rename Streatham Baths the 
Mangaiiso Sobukwe Poo! after the 
Pan-African Congress founder, 
and a further 27 local landmarks 
after foreign worthies, has a 
further wheeze in store. Baylis 
Road — named after Lilian Baylis. 
founder of the Old Vic — will 
become Maurice Bishop Road, 
named after Grenada's late Com- 
munist leader. Indeed, so many 
local names are vanishing that the 
building with the name closest to 
home may soon be Alexandre 
Dumas Library. 

• Why was the Union Jack flying 
upside-down (the distress signal) 
above the Sadler's Wells Theatre 
yesterday? A plea to the City to 
save it from closure threats, 
director Stephen Remington ex- 

No brief 

Oxford will never be the same: 
Lord Goodman, defender of the 
famous for the past 50 years, tells 
me he is to retire this year as 
Master of University College, a 
post he has held since the mid- 
1 970s. The good news is that he is 
writing his memoirs, from which 
he expects to make a fortune. “I 
have thought up about 17 titles 
already." he says, “everything 
from i'm On My Way [because he 
is often late] to a biblical quota- 
tion. A Time for Laughter .’’ 
Goodman adds: “It will be longer 
than the Encyclopaedia Bri- 
tannicaj" Revelations? “1 never 
remember anything confidential 
about anyone." I look forward to 
his definition of confidential. 


There is an amazing debate going 
on concerning the question 
whether judges should be permit- 
ted. or even encouraged, to make 
speeches on matters of public 
concern, to take part in television 
and radio programmes, and to 
write articles in newspapers. 

And I call the argument 
“amazing" because the thrust of it 
is infuvotiraf such a development, 
whereas I would have thought that 
anyone who values his sanity 
would be concerned to ensure 
that, so far from judges being 
allowed to weigh in on any subject 
which takes their fancy, they 
should never be permitted to open 
their mouths off the Bench for any 
purpose more controversial than 
to say "Thank you" to the leader 
of a Scout patrol which has helped 
them across the road, and indeed 
that even when on the Bench they 
should be obliged to confine 
themselves entirely to a limited 
range of the simplest possible 
expressions, such as “Five years". 
“Costs against the plaintiff* and 
“Usher, shut the windows". 

It all began with a circuit judge 
(he calls himself a "mere" circuit 
judge, but there is nothing mere 
about his views, lei alone the 
language in which he expresses 
them) named James Pickles, who 
has more than once been rebuked 
by the Lord Chancellor for talking 
out of turn, and is in danger of 
removal from the bench for 
“judicial misbehaviour" — a 
threat which he met with a letter to 
Lord Hailsham in which he de- 
clared that he was “appalled" that 
Lord Hailsham should threaten 
him with dismissal, and con- 
cluded with a counter-threat of 
making “representations to both 
Houses of Parliament and the 

Judge Pickles's cause has now 
been taken up. not only by fools: 
the prospect of a seething mass of 
chattering judges seems, even to 
some normally sagacious observ- 
ers. to be perfectly acceptable. 
Well, it doesn't seem acceptable to 
me: nor does it seem so to Lord 
Hailsham. who has now formally 
set out the case against the notion, 
pointing out in doing so that he 
was only following in a long line of 
holders of his office who were 
opposed to it. and that eveo’ lime 
the judges in general were asked 
their views on the matter, a 
substantial majority were of the 
opinion that things should stay as 
they are. 

Before 1 paint a blood-curdling 
picture of what would happen if 
the prohibition were to be lifted, 
there is one point on which the 
critics of the present system do 
ha\e a powerful argument to 
deploy. It is that although Britain's 
constitution insists on the separa- 
tion of the judiciary from the 
executive, we pul up with the 
anomaly of the head of the 
judiciary being a Cabinet minister 
(and simultaneously the Speaker 
of the House of Lords). 

The law officers in the House of 
Commons are in a similarly 
impossible position, but these 
have always solved the problem in 

My verdict: 
silence outside 
the court 

a commendably pragmatic way: 
they behave like the most servile 
party hacks, and pretend they 
don't The Lord Chancellor, how- 
ever. is a judge, and for all the 
history that lies behind his dual 
function. I have never been able to 
sec it as anything but an outrage. 

1 now find myself in the rare 
position of agreeing entirely with 
Lord Hailsham. 1 am not particu- 
larly concerned about Judge Pick- 
les. who seems quite capable of 
looking after himself (i will lay- 
generous odds, if he is unfrocked, 
that he will shortly be found 
standing for Parliament under the 
banner of the Alliance): the pros- 
pecL however, that opens before 
us if Lord Hailsham ora successor 
to him should weaken on this 
point is so dreadful that it must be 
faced note. 

Even as things stand, the 
amount and nature of irrelevant 
judicial comment from the bench, 
usually but not invariably in the 
form of obiter dicta, is enough to 
cause nightmares. How many 
litigants in divorce cases have 
sought a decree and received in 
addition (and sometimes instead) 
a detailed critique of their morals? 
How many convicted criminals 
have had to listen to a lecture as 
long as their sentence? How many 

courtrooms have resounded with 
the bombmation of bees from 
judicial bonnets, let loose in the 
knowledge that no apiarist present 
will dare to take the swarm? 

But that is the situation now. 
and in court: what is proposed is 
that the judges should have the 
right to air their opinions up and 
down the land, to commit them to 
paper in the form of published 
articles, and to speak them on 
television and radio. Have you 
any idea of what would happen if 
the proposal were to be accepted? 

It would start with speeches at 
public events. Here. Mr Justice 
Bun will advocate the return of 
capital punishment: there. Judge 
Currant will denounce the idea of 
a Channel Tunnel: anon. Lore! 
Justice Saucer will urge repatri- 
ation of Commonwealth im-> 
migrants: next. Judge Teapot will 
insist upon a complete reshaping 
of ihe educational system; sooner 
or later. Lord Chief Justice Lane 
will be heard demanding a spe- 
cially heavy sentence for men 
convicted of rape who have 
pleaded not guilty. 

Then, the newspapers. At first it 
will be confined to complex points 
of law and judicial reminiscences: 
but it will not stop there. In no 
lime the judges will be foaming at 

the mouth about (or even from) 
fluoride, they will be insisting that 
compulsory seatbelts are an 
infringement of our liberties (or 
that they are not), they will be 
demanding the resignation of 
Cabinet ministers involved in 
Westland controversies, they will 
be criticizing CND. the repertoire 
at the National Theatre, the failure 
of the government to control 
public spending, the activities of 
the Militant Tendency, the EECs 
common agricultural policy and 
Prince Charles's taste in architec- 
ture. dinner-jackets and slimming 

Next, it will be Diai-a-Judge. 
Just as politicians, eager to get 
themselves before the public, will 
answer any question from a 
reporter who telephones them, so 
the judges will be reported as 
saying what they think of the Post 
Office. Gower's cricket captaincy. 
Denis Thatcher's feelings about a 
possible third term for his spouse, 
the man who kept nine boa- 
consuictors in his bedroom and 
Mary Quant's knickers. 

But the full horror of the plan 
will be seen on television. They 
will infest Question Time and 
drive poor Robin into an early 
grave with their opinions: they 
will take walk-on pans as them- 
selves. in sitcoms, like Harold 
Wilson: they will interview talking 
dogs and sing with Des O'Connor 
in Christmas specials: and. most 
dreadful of all these dread- 
fulnesses. they will appear on chat 
shows, where they will make puns, 
essay risque jokes, fawn on pop- 
singers whose knuckles brush the 
ground as they walk, and ask 
Selina Scott, with a roguish smile, 
what she is doing after the show. 

Stop this horror now. before it 
starts. However much and how- 
ever often I have criticized judges. 

I have never wavered from my 
belief that a visibly impartial and 
independent system of law is 
crucial to a free society. But this 
includes an essential element of 
remoteness, even of inhumanity, 
in the judges and their work. 

The only excuse forajudge with 
opinions is that he refrains from 
expressing them; the moment he 
steps into controversy, or even 
indicates that he has views, all 
respect for the law itself will 
collapse, as the public abruptly 
realizes that the august figure, 
wigged and robed, who embodies 
the rule of law and its truly vital 
function as the foundation of our 
liberties, is only a daft old geezer 
with funny clothes who thinks that 
pubs should be made illegal and 
that all homosexuals should have 
their whatsils cut off. 

Having expressed unqualified 
support for Lord Hailsham. 1 may 
perhaps be permitted to offer him 
some advice. It is to sack Judge 
Pickles, pour encourager les att- 
ires. at once: the opinionated 
bencher will not suffer, for he will 
most likely be offered a book- 
contract with Sidgwick and Jack- 
son for an advance of £100.000. 
But the cause of justice will be 
made more secure. 

Luck or skill In Reagan ‘triumph’? 


The Philippines had long threat- 
ened to be the Reagan admin- 
istration's nemesis. It is now seen 
by many here as one of President 
Reagan's foreign policy triumphs. 
Coupled with the recent ousting of 
President Duvalier of Haiti, it has 
drawn widespread applause across 
the political spectrum, and raised 
hopes that a new surc-footedness 
may prompt Washington to look 
afresh at other unsavoury regimes 
such as Chile's. 

Delight at the Philippines 
denouement — evident on the face 
of George Shultz, the secretary of 
state, as he announced recognition 
of the Aquino government — is 
that much keener because of the 
unexpectedly swift and bloodless 

The administration certainly- 
had enough warning of the 
impending crisis, and had made 
exhaustive contingency plans. But 
there was always the fear that 
however well coordinated reaction 
here was to swiftly moving events 
in Manila, the US would be unable 
to influence their course: that 
opposition forces would become 
stridently anti-American, as in 
Iran and Nicaragua. 

Many things worked in Wash- 
ington's favour America’s special 
relationship with ihe former col- 
ony. giving it an extraordinary 
influence over Philippine politics: 
unusual unanimity in Congress 
and the White House on what 
should bo done: close knowledge 
of the Philippines and its people. 

coupled with a common language 
and many shared democratic val- 
ues built up over 100 years: an 
unusual interest among ordinary 
•Americans, generating more tele- 
vision coverage than most other 
foreign policy issues: the existence 
of a stable Philippine middle- 
class: an influential Catholic 
church, and the generally non- 
violent nature of the Filipinos 

To its credit, the administration 
— although emotionally tilted in 
favour of a strong, friendly anti- 
communist — had begun to press 
Marcos insistently over the past 
six months to make those reforms 
that the US knew from experience 
were essential if democracy was to 

Schulte visibly pk-aved 

surxive and the communist in- 
surrection be defeated. 

It was American pressure that 
pushed Marcos to call the election 
that led to his downfall. And apan 
from a clumsy mistake by Reagan 
in attributing election fraud to 
both sides t which may in itself 
nave galvanized the Aquino 
forces), the president’s advisers 
kept their balance, kept up the 
pressure and finally, dragging 
Reagan with them, told Marcos 
what he could not see from inside 
his palace: that he had to go. 

The administration was particu- 
larly skilful in preventing clashes 
between Marcos and his military 
opposition by warning him that if 
he attacked General Ramos and 
defence minister Enrilc. at a time 
when he could have done so. he 
would lose all American military 
aid. That gave time for the 
momentum of desertions to build, 
so that Marcos was left isolated. 

The suggestion that Washington 
called the tune is a sensitive one. 
both here and in Manila. A senior 
US official was quick to insist on 
the day Marcos fled that “The 
Philippines are not an .American 
colony. We couldn't snap our 
fingers and ordain events." Dip- 
lomatically that may be true, but 
the US did ordain events in a way 
it has rarely been able to. in any 
other large country, without direct 
military intervention. 

The US was therefore drawn 
into the crisis until n became a key 
factor in finding the solution. But 

relief that things turned out well 
conceals the new and very real 
danger that they may yet go 
wrong. Washington is still more 
heavily engaged than it would like 
to be. 

Parallels are being drawn with 
what happened in Vietnam after 
the assassination of President 
Diem, when one pro-American 
government succeeded another, 
and none could quell the com- 
munist insurgency. Could the US. 
in its eagerness" to help Mrs 
Aquino, get sucked in with offers 
of weapons, military advisers and 
eventually US troops? The US will 
certainly be under heavy pressure 
to help her overcome the daunting 
problems facing her nation. 

Negotiating an exit for dictators 
is a tricky business. Washington is 
already being criticized by France 
especially for keeping Duvalier 
out while letting Marcos in. The 
Reagan admi nisi ration is not now 
looking for any more refugee 
dictators. Hopes "that the US. in its 
satisfaction that for once its good 
intentions were not misunder- 
stood. will pursue more vigorous 
policies towards Chile. Paraguay, 
South Africa. South Korea and 
elsewhere seem premature. 

The Philippines and Haiti were 
special cases, where American 
interests were especially engaged. 
Unless he completely loses control 
at home. General Pinochet of 
Chile has nothing to fear from the 
Marcos example. 

Michael Binyon 

David Watt 

Even blacker and 

Time is running out for South 
Africa. How often one has seen 
that cliche. And yet how impos- 
sible to avoid it again in Johannes- 
burg last week. A weight of 
impending thunder now - hangs 
over the country and the locks of 
the approaching storm are spread 
all round the horizon. 

It is not altogether easy to spot 
them from London because we are 
diverted by our historical perspec- 
tive, and by wishful thinking. 
President Botha's speech at the 
end of last month seemed like a 
genuine advance. Who, we ask 
ourselves, would have predicted 
five years ago that the oentral prop 
of apartheid - the pass laws - 
would be knocked away by July ! . 
1986? Surely this must herald the 
crumbling of the system? One 
more push from the international 
bankers may be necessary, butan 
era of a genuine dialogue between 
blacks and whites is about to 


There are quite a lot of South 
Africans, particularly in the busi- 
ness community, who are des- 
perately trying to persuade 
themselves to see things in that 
light, and their spirits are buoyed 
up by the present good state of the 

Others simply don’t choose to 
think about the future at all. The 
lush shopping centres of northern 
Johannesburg are full of sunburnt 
white housewives pushing their 
prams around without a care in 
the world and not a black in sight 
At the Sandton Sun Hotel — an 
edifice of stunning vulgarity com- 
plete with a vast golden atrium, 
free-floating lifts, and cascading 
walls of water — two or three 
hundred teenagers were deposited 
from parental Mercedes for a dub 
dance. They were apparently 
oblivious to the fact that a mile 
down the road, in the squalid 
township of Alexandra, the black 
population was picking up the 
bodies and broken glass after one 
of the worst riots of the last 
decade, and the security forces 
were still dragging schoolchildren 
off to detention. 

Who wants to blame the white 
kids for enjoying themselves? 
Certainly not I.' Nevertheless. 
Alexandra is a better indication of 
the real situation in South Africa 
than Sandton. 

That reality is the new polariza- 
tion of Mack and white: after years 
of mere bitterness, people are 
actually beginning to hate each 
other. On the black side there is a 
mixture of mounting impatience, 
frustration and anger, particularly 
among the young. The prospective 
abolition of the pass laws has 
already been discounted. What 
matter are the remaining per- 
ennial grievances — terrible educa- 
tion and housing, high unem- 
loyment. constant police 
amassment. These are now allied 
to a much more explicit demand 
for political advance than ever 
before. The debate, in other 
words, has moved beyond apart- 
heid to the fundamental question 
of power, and it is being conducted 
in much more violent terms than 
ever before. 

A story told me by a black leader 
illustrates the point. A black post 
office repairman comes out of a 
house in Soweto, where he has 

been mending a telephone, to find 
his van’s tyres lei down and a 
crowd of !8-year-olds s tana mg 
around it. They demand so know 
whv he is supporting the “system" 
bv his work instead of boycotting 
it. He tries to explain that they 
themselves may need that tele- 
phone in an emergency. But in the 
middle of his protestations a bnck 
hits him on the head and knocks 
him out cold. He is savagely 
kicked on the ground and left. A 
bystander fetches a doctor and he 
is eventually caned off to hospital, 
but meanwhile the good Samar- 
itan has been badly beaten up for 
not leaving the victim to die. 

Other pieces of evidence of the 
new mood abound. There are the 
horrifying burnings of suspected 
informers, the roaming gangs of 
15 -year-olds terrorising 10-year- 
olds into joining demonstrations, 
the trade union thugs beating up 
backsliders, the increasing diffi- 
culties of moderates like Bishop 
Tutu and Dr Motlane and above 
all the refusal of the ANC leader- 
ship in exile to try to moderate any 
of these trends. 

On the white side, the militancy 
is not quite so dramatic and I 
actually notice a new mood of 
resignation in some of my English- 
speaking and libera] Afrikaner 
friends: “Black majority rule will 
be here in 1 0 years It will be pretty 
awfuL but there's not much we can 
do except try to avoid a bloodbath 
and hope for the best.” 

The more general reaction has 
been a shift to the right and a 
hardening of resistance to change 
among the Afrikaans-speakers on 
whom the Nationalist government 
relies. The right-wing Conser- 
vative Party continues to make 
headway. There is general agree- 
ment that the security forces are 
out of effective political control; 
since they tend to be commanded 
by extreme right-wingers, they 
often seem deliberately intent on 
resisting compromise and causing 
the maximum of confrontation. 

What is to bridge this widening 
gap? The abolition of the pass laws 
will not do it nor will one year's 
moderate economic prosperity. 
The orderly process of black 
advancement and constitutional 
evolution which old-fashioned 
moderates espouse will not serve 
any longer either. 

If the country is not to slip into 
more and more violence, into 
circumstances in which the long- 
term future cannot possibly be 
settled on equitable terms, the 
Sooth African government will 
have to start negotiating very soon 
about the sharing of power. That 
implies not just faring (as Presi- 
dent Botha has still not faced) the 
prospect of losing complete con- 
trol of the country, but also 
allowing representative blade 
leaders to emerge with whom 
negotiation can take place. This 
means, in other words, releasing 
Nelson Mandela and other de- 
tainees and unbanning the ANC 

It is a measure of the pace of 
events that these moves, which 
even a year ago would have been 
regarded as extravagant, have now 
become the minimum price of 
staying on top of the precipice. 
Whether they can possibly be 
made is a question I will discuss 
next week. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 


A poursuivant 
without peer 

Through the vineyards the weary 
traveller walked, up the dusty 
track between fields of grapes. He 
had never seen grapes growing 
before but he paid (hem no heed, 
so weary was he from his long 
journey, a journey which had 
started several days before at 
Heathrow Airport and was now 
coming to a close thousands of 
miles away in New Zealand. 

He knocked on the front door. 
Then he rang the bell. Then he hit 
the door as hard as be could, but 
no one came. Finally, a man leant 
out of an upstairs window. 

“What the hell do you want? 
I'm trying to get some kit." 

"Are you Angus Mackenzie, 
master of Ballanlrae Wines?” 
cried the traveller. 

“Yes I am, and if you're from 
the excise people you can dear 
off. "The traveller permitted him- 
self a brief smile. “Not quite, Mr 
Mackenzie. 1 am from the College 
of .Arms in London, England. Men 
call me Poursuivant Herald 

“Do they now? And what do 

thfy call you for short?” 

“WelL Pours, actually," admit- 
ted the traveller, “but that’s not 
the point. I am here to tell you that 
you are next in line to the title of 
Earl of Ardblair and the Forests. 
Now that the late Earl is dead, you 
are the I lib Earl! My Lord." he 

Some of us. given such a 
message, would feel an unwilling 
awe. Others might laugh in dis- 
belief. tinged with pleasure. Angus 
Mackenzie did neither. He had a 
heart attack and died. 

“Dear Lord" groaned Pour- 
suivant Herald Extraordinary. 
“Now it’s all to do again." 

Through the pine trees the 
weary traveller climbed, up the 
stony track towards the lone croft. 
He had been travelling for days, 
on a journey which had started in 
New Zealand on a remote grape 
farm and was now about to finish 
in the outer reaches of Perthshire. 
Poursuivant was about io come 
face to face with the 12th Earl of 
Ardblair, one Fergus Mackenzie. 

He walked between fields of 

neaps, though he had never seen 
neaps growing before and hoped 
he never would again. Quite 
frankly, he was getting fed up with 
visiting far-flung outposts of the 
Commonwealth. He hoped the 
new Earl would be young and live 
a long time. 

“You are Fergus Mackenzie?" 
he said to the young man hammer- 
ing in a post by the crofL 

“I am. and if you’re from the 
excise about the neap wine, I can 
explain everything ..." f 

“No. no.” said Pours wearily, 
wondering why all heirs dabbled 
in alcohol. “I am from the College 
of Arms in London, to tell you that 
you have inherited a title. You are 
the 12th Earl of Ardblair! My 
Lord.”*’No kidding!" said the 
young man. “How come?’ 

“The previous Earl, who was a 
wine-grower in New Zealand, has 
just died, and you have inherited 
the title."“Greatr said the EarL 
“Do I gel the vineyard as well.?" 

“Well. I suppose, seeing as you 
are the next in line. yes. I hadn’t 
thoughtabout that, yes, I am sure 
you do." said Poursuivant who in 
facthad no idea. 

“Great!" said Fergus. “I could ^ 
do with a vineyard. Tell you what 
111 take the grapes, but you can 
keep the title. 1 renounce it It’sall 
yours."“You what?" said Pours. 
"Oh, my God." 

Up in the lift of the 15-storey 
tower block in London travelled 
the weary traveller. He got out at 
the tenth floor and went io 
through the door marked “Un- 
traceabie Earldoms". He slammed 
his briefcase on the desk and said 
to the man behind it. "I resign! gi 
I ve had it up to here with being Hp 
Poursuivant Herald Extraor- 
dinary’. I travel the world offering 
people titles and none of there 
want them. Tell someone rise 
they ve inherited the job!" 
i (The post of Poursuivant Her- 
ald Extraordinary is now open. Do 
you like travelling the world and 
meeting interesting people? If sa 
wnte m to the College of Antis, 
Untraceable Earldoms, tenth 
floor. Titles House. ECL Must be 
fit. healthy and a bit of a loony.) 




1 '•">!! \\ 

1 bl , a cker 2 

Whi*'* ^ 



Shielding victims in rape cases 

On Tuesday the Ministry of 
Defence disclosed new plans to 
sharpen the competitive edge 
of its suppliers. On Wednesday 
it put these into practice by 
t. imposing a six-month dead- 
line on GEC. still struggling 
with its radar for the Nimrod 
airborne early warning (AEW) 
aircraft while it looked around 
the world for other options. 
On Thursday it threw down 
the gauntlet to the captains of 
British industry in a campaign 
to ensure value for money. So 
far so good. 

For the ministry to have 
acted in this way is un- 
questionably right. The ques- 
tions which must be asked is 
why Whitehall waited so long. 
The outcome of the Nimrod 
.Jt saga will inevitably be seen as 
the test of this new policy and 
as proof of the Government’s 
resolve. In that case, “too 
little, too late” is likely to be 
the epitaph on this week’s 
sudden burst of activity. 

Amid all the mutual 
recrimination that has sur- 
rounded the Nimrod affair in 
recent months, one truth has 
become increasingly clear. In 
1977 when the Government of 
that day decided to develop 
the all-British Nimrod to fill 
the RAFs AEW requirement, 
instead of buying the Ameri- 
can AWACS, it made the 
wrong choice. GEC-Marconi 
L may have been over-opiimis- 
- tic (as the ministry says it was) 
about its chances of doing the 
job properly. The ministry 
may have kept changing its 
mind about its requirement (as 
the company says it has). But 
the conclusion one must draw 
is that the airframe was too 
small in the first place to cany 

the weight of all that the RAF 

There were those to whom 
this was apparent at the time. 
But there were not many of 
them in parliament, whose 
preference for a British solu- 
tion, with all the implications 
for jobs, foreign exchange and 
nauonal prestige was clear and 
unequivocal. To the Govern- 
ment it seemed that the right 
decision had been taken, bear- 
ing in mind all the different, 
sometimes conflicting consid- 

The fault throughout the 
Nimrod story has been that 
noone monitored progress 
with the eagle-eye that should 
have been applied to a pro- 
gramme so costly and so 
crucial. That difficulties would 
surface was predictable. Most 
weapons under development 
are for aiming at ever-chang- 
ing targets. It is not much use, 
for instance, developing a new 
kind of tank armour if it 
suddenly becomes clear that 
the enemy has perfected a new 
kind of shell which will go 
through it. 

In the case of Nimrod, 
however, it would seem to 
have been clear some time ago 
that the aircraft was never 
going to bb as effective as the 
RAF would like — and that 
GEC were in difficulties over 
producing something which 
the service was even willing to 
put up with. Yet both sides 
seem to have blundered for- 
ward in the hope that some- 
how everything would 
suddenly start to come right — 
and that if it did not, then it 
would be too late to do much 
else anyway. 

Such fatalism came to an 

end with this week’s 
announcement that GEC has 
six months in which to prove 
that it can meet the ministry’s 
stated needs. Its international 
reputation will certainly suffer 
if it cannot. Each side will bear 
half of the cost, up to a total 
shared limit of £50m, while 
the ministry assesses the rel- 
ative costs of abandoning 
Nimrod and moving to the 
RAFs preference of an 
AWACS solution. Nimrod has 
already cost nearly £900m 
and will be five years behind 
schedule if it ever comes into 
service — while a switch to 
AWACS will probably remove 
from the hard-pressed defence 
budget anything up to another 

One might ask how it is that 
the ministry has not secured a 
firm asessment from GEC 
before this and why it is that 
no-one would seem to have 
sounded out the AWACS 
cost/availability already, es- 
pecially as this seems to be the 
most likely eventual purchase, 
nine years late. But at least we 
are now in sight of the denoue- 
ment. The ministry seems to 
have found a way out of the pit 
- albeit at yet further cost 

This week’s announcement 
by the Defence Secretary, Mr 
George Younger, that the min- 
istry is tightening up its 
procurement procedures may 
go some way towards ensuring 
that the Nimrod story will not 
be soon repeated. A reduction 
in the system of interim pay- 
ments - under which firms 
have in the past received up to 
100 per cent of their costs 
before completion is long 
overdue. But we will need to 
see even this small reform in 
action before we believe it. 

From Mr Marlin Wright 
Sir, Yes. it is an anomaly that rape 
defendants' names should not be 
published (reports, February 
17,18.20.22). The solution, as 
Professor Nigel Walker has pre- 
viously advocated, is that no one's 
name should be dragged through 
the mud before he or she has been 
(Moved guilty. In West Germany, 
even the scandal rags refer to 
defendants only by their initials: 
their reporting loses nothing in 
saladousness. if that is what some 
of out newspapers are afraid of. 

In Sweden the same practice is 
followed, with die commonsense 
exception of defendants who are 
so well known that anonymity is 
impossible; I understand that 
there the principle is upheld, not 
by law but by the journalists' code 
or ethics. 

In one way, however, we have 
too much restriction. Twenty 
years ago it was recognised that 

full reporting of committal 
proceedings could prejudice a fair 
trial, but the Criminal Justice Act 
1967 got it the wrong way round. 
It would be a better safeguard of 
the freedom of the Press to report 
the proceedings, but to withhold 
the name of the defendant — with 
the option, as now. of removing 
reporting restrictions. 

While we are about it, we should 
also put an end to the unfair and 
objectionable practice of publiciz- 
ing to the world that some 
offender, whom the media have 
deemed “newsworthy”, has com- 
pleted his or her prison sentence 
and is going to try to start a new 
life. The newshounds who camp 
round the prison gates on these 
occasions, so that the bunted 
tndvidual has to be smuggled out, 
demean only themselves. 

Yours sincerelv. 


19 Hillside Road. SW2. 

Bilingual learning 

From the Headteacher of North 
Westminster Community School 
Sir, Your Education Correspon- 
dent is right to draw readers’ 
attention (report, February 14) to 
the shortage of Russian textbooks 
but it is only one small indicator of 
a much larger issue which you 
have feiled to report on: the 
almost complete deafness to the 
needs of bilingual learners and the 
myopic policies towards languages 
education at all levels in the 

The world is multilingual; the 
UK is now multitingual. However, 
we have bad no lead from the 
Department of Education and 
Science on criteria for adjusting 
the curriculum to the needs of a 
multilingual society. 

In a stalwart! y monolingual 
education system it is not surpris- 
ing that the Secretary of State 
recommends that “mother- 
tongue” teaching should be left to 
families and community groups. 
His predecessor even issued an 
official DES paper (“A Frame- 
work for the Curriculum”) which 
used the phrases “modern 

languages” and “European 
languages” synonomously: his 
advisers had perhaps not noticed 
the world's other modem Lan- 

The problem is not really the 
shortage of Russian textbooks: 
indeed there are no Arabic text- 
books for the secondary level at 
all. and yet we should certainly be 
teaching Arabic today. The real 
trouble is tbe failure to consider 
the languages of the world in 
education and to build on our 
marvellous riches of bilingual 
children in many schools. 

Many of tbe young bi- (or even 
tri-) lingual students in this school 
put monolingual anglophones like 
me to shame — as I venture to 
suggest they would many of your 
readers. Why is there no national 
policy about bilingualism in 

Yours sincerely, 


North Westminster Community 

Marylebone Lower House, 

Fenfold Street, NWl. 

February IS. 

Hidden reserve 
of Cornish tin 

From Professor Emeritus J. Sut- 
ton. FRS 

Sir. One or two days' production 
of North Sea oil and gas is worth 
as much as a year's production of 
tin from Cornwall. But if there is 
sufficient tin concealed below 
Cornwall to maintain current 
production for 200 years the 
country has an asset not to be 
sneezed at, as valuable as a year’s 
North Sea output. 

Within the EEC only Britain 
and the Iberian peninsula have 
tin. The USA has virtually none. 

We know only three ways of 
mining tin: find alluvial deposits, 
the debris of eroded lodes; follow 
lodes exposed at the surface 
downwards: search for concealed 
lodes underground. 

To find concealed tin deposits is 
as difficult as locating oil. we have 
only recently learnt the art For 99 
per cent of the time Cornish tin 
has been worked there was no way 
of doing this. The postwar revival 
of tin production in Cornwall 
results from industry’s use of 
diamond drilling, geochemical 
and geophysical prospecting to 
locate deep lodes previously un- 

Costs in this new venture have 
been correspondingly high. In due 
course every other tin field will 
have to follow Cornish enterprise 
or go out of business as deposits 
exposed at the surface are ex- 
hausted. Their costs will rise as 
they, loo, are driven to seek 
concealed tin lodes. 


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: V*' 

Student politics have long 
been quieL The overheated 
attention once paid to campus 
politics evaporated years ago. 
The National Union of Stu- 
dents has recently devoted 
* itself more or less usefully to 
straight interest-group 
representation, in the course of 
which it has rightly had plenty 
to say about students’ living 

The recent spate of thuggery 
and verbal abuse in univer- 
sities is perhaps anomalous. 
But the disruption of visitors’ 
speeches and lectures cannot 
therefore, as some vice-chan- 
cellors might wish, be set on 
one side. The conditions in 
which speech is possible reach 
to the heart of academic life 
itself The very act of teaching, ' 
the very acquisition of knowl- 
edge, depend on silence in tbe 
lecture hall, and respect for the 

An out-of-hours talk by an 
accomplished politician (Mr 
John Carlisle deserves no less 
a title) is one thing; if billed as 
a public meeting the rules 
might stretch to allow at the 
most some heckling. But a 
private meeting on a campus 
deserves the fullest internal 
protection. An academic lec- 
ture has absolute privilege. 
Disruption is an act of intellec- 

tual vandalism as dangerous as 
any other effort to truncate 
learning and the exchange of 
opinion. That is why the 
treatment this week Professor 
John Vincent at Bristol 
University is, if anything, 
worse than the harrying of Mr 
Carlisle and other MPs. 

Professor Vincent’s extra- 
curricular activities are irrele- 
vant. Preventing his teaching 
about late nineteenth century 
politics was to disrupt the 
instrument of higher educa- 
tion itself the academic lec- 

The response of the univer- 
sities has shown a due concern. 
The circular on freedom of 
speech and lawful assembly, 
issued by the vice-chancellors 
in December, deserved its re- 
issue this week. It states, 
appropriately, the practical 
difficulties of policing large 
and open campuses and the 
vulnerability of student meet- 
ings to incursions from out- 
side. (There is little doubt that 
the attack on Mr Carlisle at 
Bradford had nothing to do 
with students.) 

Yet writing elegant codes 
and dealing with complicated 
situations are different things. 
There can be no general 
prescriptions, which is why the 
attempt by backbench Conser- 

vatives to impose a statutory 
duty on universities to main- 
tain discipline is futile. Events 
yesterday in Leicester where 
Mr Carlisle was speaking 
showed the value both iff good 
local planning, involving a 
police presence, and good 
relations built up over time 
between university authorities 
and student organizations. 
There was a demonstration; it 
would be a bland campus 
where there was not one. But it 
did not interfere with Mr 
Carlisle’s unchallengeable 
right to speak. 

The mettle of other vice 
chancellors has yet to be 
tested. York University is 
bringing legal suit against its 
student union, a case that may 
well establish useful prec- 
edents. At Bristol it is now the 
duty of.Sir John Kingman and 
his colleagues to ascertain who 
subjected Professor Vincent to 
assault If the culprits are 
Bristol students, no leniency 
should be shown and no 
excuse of juvenile ir- 
responsibility should be 
considered. For until the 
universities are seen to be 
using the powers which they 
undoubtedly have to maintain 
academic order they must 
continue to suffer unwanted 
public attention. 

Water charges 

From Sir Anthony A Intent 
Sir, I wonder if Eldon Griffiths 
(February 17) is right in thinking 
that the majority of British people 
will welcome paying for their 
water, like gas and electricity, on a 
metered commodity basis. 

Haying been amongst the small 
minority of domestic users with a 
metered supply for 26 years I have 
been able to calculate the gross 
inequities resulting from my 
charges based on rateable value. 

If ever there was an example of 
hidden taxation by one user 
subsidising another that was one. 

Section 30 of the 1973 Act 
required elimination of such 
discrimination by 1981, and al- 
though my (Anglian) water 
authority met this deadline by 
introducing a two-part tariff for 
water, the changes for sewerage 
rates were not completed until 

Metering has only been recom- 
mended to customers if they can 
see that as an advantage. The 
redistribution of costs between all 
kinds of users is bound to increase 
the contribution from lower-rated 
households: is it really likely the 
majority will welcome metering to 
discover their fair share? 

Yours faithfully, 


Winston House, 

Bough ton. 


February 18. 

Barristers’ fees 

From Mr Timothy Lawrence 
Sir, With what quaint logic does 
Mr Lincoln (February 21) seek to 
beguile your readers? If the legal 
profession requires rationalisation 
(a view with which I agree) and the 
public are entitled to the best 
advocates, surely it must follow 
that the public, who are to pay, 
may choose who they think is the 
best advocate rather than being 
told by Mr Lincoln who that is to 

Thecal! to the Bar does not, I re- 
gret. bestow any marked skills of 
advocacy. My own observation is 
that a few barristers are excellent 
advocates, many are adequate and 
a number are abysmal, even with 
an incomprehensible grasp of the 
English tongue. 

Solicitors already deal with the 
overwhelming volume of ad- 
vocacy throughout the length and 
breadth of the land in the 
magistrates' and county courts 
and before tribunals and do so to 
general public satisfaction. Per- 
haps the public rather than the Bar 
should be asked if the area of this 
satisfaction should be allowed to 
increase. But after all the success- 
ful solicitor always has to send 
those cases that he is too busy to 
deal with to a barrister, so Mr 
Lincoln will always be needed! 
Yours faithfully, 


Claude Hornby & Cox, 

35 & 36 Great Marlborough 
Street, Wl. 


February 1986 will be remem- 
bered as India's month of 
awakening. Until now the 
euphoria generated by Mr 
Gandhi's much praised eco- 
nomic liberalisation has 
clouded any appreciation of 
the costs involved. Both in 
India and abroad the changes 
have been welcomed and 
many have even allowed 
themselves to predict that 
India's promised transition to 
the 21st century has begun. 

But the recent demonstrations 
against rising prices in Bom- 
bay. Calcutta and Delhi and 
the 10.000 arrests outside par- 
liament have dispelled that 
cosy illusion. 

Traditionally in India, 
political parties have pursued 
populist policiesand symbolic 
gestures. Socialism with its 
tempting allure of equality has 
so far proved irrestible. In its 
name taxation has been raised, 

government extended, in- „ 

dividual initiative stifled and icy. They are therefore a form 
the myth of collective public of Indian capitalism even if for 

Gandhi adopted his economic 
policies. On the personal level 
he reduced taxes, abolished 
death duties and placed bank 
interest outside the 
exchequer's reach. The aim 
was to give the individual the 
full benefit of his hard earned 
salary and savings. At the 
corporate level Mr Gandhi 
sought to encourage produc- 
tion. He liberalised import 
restrictions. listed licence 
requirements, in several key 
growth sectors and committed 
his government to a five year 
fiscal policy which would as- 
sist business development. 

What Mr Gandhi's policies 
amount to is an attempt to 
secure economic growth, led 
by the private sector, which 
will percolate downwards to 
alleviate the general wretched- 
ness of India’s population. To 
do so they rely on individual 
or corporate enterprise en- 
couraged by government pol- 

sector endeavour created. Yet 
far from securing salvation 
these policies have nurtured 
India's predicament. When he 
came to power in 1984, Mr 
Gandhi inherited industries 
that were overmanned and 
unproductive, a black market 
that was ceaselessly fed by the 
lack of opportunity outside it 
and a tax structure so severe 
that it crippled the innocent. 

it was to tackle this that Mr 

understandable political rea- 
sons Mr Gandhi cannot admit 
to it 

The problem, however, is 
that whilst such policies make 
sound economic sense and are 
probably the only way to cure 
India's malaise, they conflict 
with the political reality of the 
country. The immediate 
advantages accrue to a five per 
cent minority. They are the 
beneficiaries of tax cuts: they 

will be the business and pro- 
fessional classes in whose fa- 
vour disparities will at first 
grow. The burden, however, 
will hit everyone equally; 
which is to say that in the 
absence of any compensating 
gain it will hit tbe poor 
d ispnoponionaieiy. 

Last May when Mr Gandhi 
altered the balance of taxation 
away from direct to indirect 
payment it was the urban 
working classes that were 
hardest hit by the price jump. 
This month when prices rose 
again to reduce the massive 
trade deficit created by the new 
import regime the same people 
were first in the receiving line. 

Not surprisingly, the oppo- 
sition have been quick to 
exploit the resulting dis- 
content In the process they 
have helped to delineate the 
political costs that Mr 
Gandhi's economic policies 
entaiL Last week's demonstra- 
tions are their result and if Mr 
Gandhi sticks to his policies 
there are bound to be more. 
Worse still the disaffection 
may also spread through his 
party, many of whose mem- 
bers have grown fat on the 
opportunities for graft pre- 
viously available. 

In walking down his chosen 
economic path Rajiv Gandhi 
runs grave political risks. He is 
showing courage. It is im- 
portant that he succeeds. He 
deserves the. support of all 
India's friends. 

Cricket violence 

From Mr Alan Hewitt 
Sir, According to your Cricket 
Correspondent (February 24) the 
West Indies were technically 
guilty on February 23 of bowling 
more than 100 no-balls which, if 
called, would have swelled the 
England total to over 250. So, as 
the England captain suggests, per- 
haps the difference between the 
two sides is not so great as tbe 
scores indicate. 

It is a matter of regret that 
Botham, and to a lesser extent 
Thomas, should have been dis- 
posed to adopt tactics similar to 
those deployed by their oppo- 

I venture to suggest that during 
the remainder of the tour or until 
such time as the umpires apply the 
rules, England should refrain from 
even the occasional use of the 
’‘bouncer” and in this way dem- 

onstrate how cricket can be played 
to the proper enjoyment of all 

One likes to think that example 
might have some beneficial effect. 
Yours faithfully. 



1 02 A WesthaU Road, 


February 25. 

From Mr Ivan Lawrence, QC. MP 
for Burton (Conservative) 

Sir, Since the BBC and l TV are 
refusing to pay for coverage of the 
English cricket tour of the West 
Indies, does this not mean that 
Winston Churchill’s Bill against 
TV violence is already have a 
beneficial effect? 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

February 25. 

If there is a large concealed 
resource of tin below Cornwall it 
should be workable at a profit for 
much of its life. At present we do 
not know die extent of tin 
mineralisation below south-west 
England, though geophysical ev- 
idence indicates that granite, the 
source of lodes, extends at depth 
from Dartmoor to the Scillics. 

We should have the courage to 
take a long-term view of Cornish 
mining. The last decade was 
profitable, but the outlook for the 
next decade is bleak. Why not 
regard the next ten years’ mining 
as exploration of a national re- 
source? Supplement this by pool- 
ing all geological knowledge of 
south-west England to establish 
how much tin may be present 
Yours faithfully, 


imperial College of Science and 

London SW7. 

February 26. 

Tax returns 

From the Chairman of the Board 
of Inland Revenue 
Sir. By relying on a second-hand 
report Mr Jones (February 21) has 
misunderstood and misrepre- 
sented what l actually said. I did 
not say that “results” had no 
bearing on the promotion of tax 
inspectors. 1 said that the Inland 
Revenue did not set targets in 
money terms. Indeed, this would 
be flatly contrary to board policy. 

Inspectors are promoted on 
their overall performance and 
their persona] qualities in han- 
dling the cases they deal with. 
There are no targets for yield, and 
promotion does not and should 
not depend on the amount of tax 

The department's job, and 
hence the inspector’s job, is to 
assess the amount of tax properly 
due under the law. not to achieve 
some predetermined contribu- 
tion to Government revenue. 

Yours sincerely. 

L. AIREY, Chairman. 

Board of Inland Revenue, 

Somerset House. WC2. 

February 24. 

Odour of sanctity 

From Mr M. G. Olizar 
Sir, Whitehall's proposals to 
rationalise the Sunday trading 
laws may well result jn local 
authorities exercising “local 

It is to be hoped that none of 
these authorities will emulate the 
then Hoi bom Board of Works 
who were reported (The Sunday 
Graphic. June 17, 1875) as spray- 
ing Leather Lane on Sundays with 
a mixture of water and carbolic 
acid. Tbe ensuing odour was 
meant to discourage street trading. 
Yours faithfully, 


60 First Avenue, 

Monlake. SW14. * 

February 23. 


FEBRUARY 28 1933 

The burning of the Reichstag was 
undoubtedly the work of an 
arsonist. The identity of the 
perpetrator/s is still a subject of 
controversy. In September, 1933 a ‘ 
commission of inquiry in London, j 
presided over by an “international \ 
committee of jurists and technical 
experts ", found that the German 
parliament building had been set 
on fire by or on behalf of the Nazi 
Party. In December four 
communists, together with 
Marinus van derLubbe, a feeble- 
minded Dutchman, were brought 
to tried. The communists were 
acquitted: van ier Lubbe was 
found guilty and executed on 
January IQ, 1334. 





From Our Own Correspondent 
BERLIN, Feb. 27 
A fire broke out in the Reichstag at 
o’clock to-night - tbe eve of 
Carnival - and spread rapidly. By 
9.30, when 10 fire brigade units 
were at work, the large central 
cupola was burning fiercely, but an 
hour later the outbreak had been 
brought under control. The fire is 
believed to have been tbe act of an 

Your Correspondent, who by 
chance was passing the Reichstag 
shortly after 9 o'clock, saw tbe 
central dome surmounting the 
rectangular Parliament Building, 
with its four corner towers, blazing 
furiously - a beacon which must 
have been visible for miles. Tbe 
main seat of the fire was in the 
large wood-panelled Parliament 
Chamber beneath the dome. The 
entrances and lobbies were un- 
scathed, only die vanguard of the 
great force of firemen and police- 
men which afterwards arrived were 
then there, and your Correspon- 
dent, making bis any into the 
building, found the central Cham- 
ber a mass of flnmim reaching Hi gh 
up into the dome. The Speaker’s 
tribune, also constructed of wood, 
biased furiously. 

Captain Gtiring, the Nazi Com- 
missioner for the Prussian Minis- 
try of the Interior, arrived at this 
moment from the Speaker's official 
residence nearby, and made his 
way to the blazing chamber, over 
which he had presided in two 
short-lived Reichstags. On the way 
he pounced on a newspaper mftn 
telephoning to his editorial office, 
and this man was considerably 
startled by tbe appearance and 
sharp questions of his massive 
captor. Satisfied after a few search- 
ing questions that his captive was 
not an incendiary. Captain GiSring 
ordered the expulsion erf the Press 
from the Reichstag. 

The police officers on duty 
within the building stated that the 
fire had broken out simultaneously 
in four or five different places, 
including the cellars. They stated 
that a man had been arrested 
within the Reichstag, and that the 
first cursory examination had sug- 
i that he was a Dutch 

In tbe course of tbe next 20 
minutes fire-engines from all parts 
of Berlin tearing through the 
Tiergarten. and hundreds of police 
in forties and on horseback arrived 
and cleared tbe streets. Tbe fire- 
men quickly ran hoses through the 
main entrances and lobbies and 
ladders up tbe outer walls. There 
were over 50 engines in the 
immediate vicinity of the 
Reichstag, and masses of water, 
some of it from the Spree, which 
runs past the building, were 
pumped into the central chamber. 

In a short space of time the worst 
of the fire had been overcome; the 
glow paled from the dome, leaving 
a smoking ami smouldering 
framework and clouds of sparks, 
which went drifting over the 
Tiergarten. By 10.20, when Herr 
Hitler, the Chancellor, and Herr 
von Papen, the Vice-Chancellor, 
arrived to inspect the blackened 
wreck of the main chamber, the fire 
was under control though there is 
stiD some anxiety for the dome. 

The Telegrapher! Union reports 
that about 20 different centres of 
fire were discovered, consisting of 
partly-burned rags and wood shav- 
ings. The heaps of material had 
apparently been set on fire with a 
torch. A policeman who was an 
duty before the Reichstag at the 
time of the outbreak relates that he 
saw behind a pane a figure moving 
with a torch and fired his revolver, 
without apparently hitting any- 

GATT diplomacy 

From the Legal Adviser to the 
Director- General of the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 
Sir, Sarah Hogg's commentary 
(February 17) on the prospects for 
the next round of GATT multi- 
lateral trade negotiations did 
considerable disservice to panel- 
ists who attempt to settle disputes 
between trading nations under the 
auspices of the General Agree- 
ment. To refer to “junior embassy 
staff” serving on panels “in the 
intervals between meeting digni- 
taries at airports" is both unfair 
and. quite simply, wrong. 

There is no greater concentra- 
tion of expertise on GATT law 
than here in Geneva; it resides in 
tbe missions of the contracting 
parties and in the GATT secretar- 
iat Tbe experts chosen, by tbe 
disputants themselves, to sit on 
dispute panels are economic 
specialists with a wealth of knowl- 
edge and experience of GATT. 

The chairmen of the panels are 

almost always ambassadors and 
other panelists are regularly senior 
officers. In many cases they have 
repeated postings to Geneva be- 
cause this kind of diplomatic work 
is extremely complicated and 
countries need the most effective 
representation they can get. 

The commentary states that the 
panel decisions “do not build up 
into a proper body of case law” 
On the contrary, the work of these 
panels over the past 38 years has 
given us an international commer- 
cial jurisprudence unequalled in 
scope — and certainly unique in 
nature. It is contained in some 30 
or so volumes. Today’s panelists 
refer back to cases as much as 20 
years old and I have little doubt 
that in a few years from now 
tomorrow's panelists will be look- 
ing back at GATT case law being 
created now. 

ft is true that the GATT dispute 
settlement procedure has had its 
problems in recent years — any 
procedure or this kind can be 
improved. However, as was made 

plain in a study by the United 
States International Trade 
Commission just a few weeks ago. 
for the most pan the system has 
worked welL International trade 
disputes have been, and still are 
being, settled in an effective and 
constructive manner. In feet, the 
vast majority of all the panel 
reports submitted to the GATT 
Council have been adopted and 
their recommendations carried 

I might add that it is the 
attempts to settle trade disputes 
outside the GATT system that is 
the real problem: lor the most 
part, with some political common- 
sense. the GATT dispute settle- 
ment system can do its job well. 
Yours failhftilly. 


Legal Adviser to the Director- 
GeneraL _ 

General Agreement on Tariffs and 

Centre William Rappard. 

Rue de Lausanne 154, 

Ch-121 1 Geneva 21, 


Meaningful terms 

From Ms M. Duncan Hollowood 
Sir. Estate agents sometimes 
achieve miracles of understate- 
ment- I once looked at a house 
where the garden, a wilderness of 
has-been flowerbeds, listing per- 
golas, crumbled porti ng-sheds and 
other ecological niches, was de- 
scribed in the literature as 
“seasonally overgrown". 

Yours sincerely, 

Marjorie duncan 


Blackmoor Paddock, 

Shamley Green. 


From Mbs Katharine Butler . 

Sir. Should any of your readers 
think to picnic at a civic amenity 
site near Wareham, Dorset, let 
them be warned — they will find 
the district rubbish dump. 

Yours faithfully, 


3 Hardy Road. 


February 20. 





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The night sky in March 

Sale room 

By Oar Astronomy 



m. T KING havi PalaCE 
Fi'bruan. 27: The Pnncess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips. Presi- 
dent ol’ihe Ro>a! Bath and West 
and Southern Counties Society, 
this morning attended a meeting 
ot the Council of the Soeiel> at 
The Show ground. Shepton Mal- 
let. Somerset. 

Her Ro\al Highness was re- 
eened on jrmal by Her 
Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant for 
Somerset t Lieutenant-Colonel 
Walter LuurellC 

Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Gibhs was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this afternoon toured 
and opened the new premises of 
Polamco Limited in 
Locksbrook Road. Bath. Avon. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieuienanl for Avon (Sir John 
\V:lis. Bit and the Chairman ot 
Polamco Limited t Lieutenant- 
General Sir John Cowley. GO. 

Mrs Richard Carcw Pole was 
in attendance. 

Fcbruarv The Pnrtce and 
Princess of Wales this morning 
visited Project Fullemploy’s 
Lambeth Training Project at the 
Bnvton Enterprise Centre. J-W 
BriMon Road. London. SW4, 

Mrs George We^i and Mr 
David Rovcrofi were in atten- 

His Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent. Business in the Commu- 
nity. ihis afternoon opened the 
Business Centre of the Watford 
Enterprise Agency. North West- 
ern Avenue. Colne Way. Wat- 
ford. Hertfordshire. 

Mr David Roycrofi 
it tendance. 

was in 

The Princess of Wales will 
attend a reception at Cardiff 
City Hall on March 3 to mark 
the launch of the Lifeline Wales 
Campaign of the Kidney Re- 
search Unit of W'aies Founda- 

Princess Anne will open the 
Save the Children Fund shop at 
Chesterfield on March 3 and 
visit the Midland Railway Trust 
Station at Ripley. She will visit 
Ilkeston Park for lunch and the 
Chamos factory to mark its 
golden jubilee. Later she will 
open the new design block at 
Rem College. Long Eaton, and 
visit Birkins lace factory at 
Bono wash. 

The Princess of Wales. Presi- 
dent of Dr Bamardo's. will visit 
the Hull Family Centre. 
Holdcmcss Road. Hull, on 
March 3. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will visit The Sobriety 
Albert Dock. Hull, on March 5. 



Captain J.T. Jackson 
and Miss S.A. Howell 
The engagement is announced 
between Jolyon Jackson. The 
Royal Green" Jackets, youngest 
son of Sir Thomas Jackson. Bl. 
and Lady Jackson, of Routen. 
Ennerdale. Cleaior. Cumbria, 
and Serena, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs David Howell, of 
Albert Bridge Road. London. 

Mr J.T. Pearson 
and Miss Z.M. Barton 
The engagement is announced 
between James Theodore, youn- 
ger son of Mr John Pearson and 
Mrs Jill Flower, and Zena Mary, 
elder daughter of Commander 
and Mrs Peter Barton. 

Mercury should still be 
observable at the beginning of 
the month, when it will be 
setting nearly two hours after 
the Sun but fading rapidly. 
Inferior conjunction will be on 
the 16th. 

Venus is an evening star but 
hardly noticeable at the begin- 
ning of the month. On the 8th it 
(Magnitude -3.4) will be a little 
to the south of Mercury (+1.0), 
and thereafter will become eas- 
ier to see. 

Mars will have an average 
rising time of 02h this month, 
and will pass from Ophiuchus 
into Sagittarius. Moon near it on 
the morning of the 4ih. 

Jupiter is nominally a morn- 
ing star but is still too near the 
Sun to be observable. 

Saturn rises in tbe early hours 

and by the end of the month will 
do so just before midnight It 
will be stationary on the 19th 
and still close to Antares. Moon 
near it on the 3rd and on the 30- 

Uranus will be rising between 
03h and 01 ti. It will be in the 
same binocular field as Mars on 
the 13th. a faint greenish object 
in contrast with its bright red- 
dish neighbour. 

Neptune will be rising be- 
tween 04h and 02h. 

The Moon: last quarter. 
3dl2h: new lOdlSh; first quar- 
ter lSdl7fa: full 26d03h. 

Algol approximate limes of 
evening minima are 17d23h and 

The equinox, when the Sun 
will cross the celestial equator 
from south to north, will be at 
20d22h. but equal day and night 
will occur a day or two earlier. 

British Summer Time will 
begin on the 30th. when Olh 
GMT will become 2am BST. 
GMT will continue to be used in 
these notes unless otherwise 

back into 



World-wide evangelistic 

< ? 

w . >3 

. ; v * 



By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Wvrx motco* 

The d 

dtanram -mow* the Brighter stars that ww be above me tortton taO» tall- 
ofLohdon^ZSh ilium) at the begtnnmo. 22h (tOnm) In me mid me md 
21h iSram) at the end Of Use month, local mean time. At plana away from the 
Greenwich mrrMlitfi the Gmn'-'idi wnea at which the diagram applies are later 
each 15 deg wert rtCr^nwich^ earlier bya 
like amount if me place Be east. The map should be turn ed so that the hortnm 
the observer to IMPgUHown by the words around the drdel Is al the bottom. 

below the two westernmost stars 
of Capricorn us (see July map), 
true bearing 1230 (ESE). alti- 
tude between 70 and 100. With 
low altitude, the presence of the 
Moon and the already brighten- 

ing iwili^L observation win be 

Mr RJ. Conran 
and Miss K.C. Smiley 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, son of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel and Mrs W.A.P. 
Conran, of The Old Rectory. 
Risbv. Suffolk, and Katherine 
Cecilia, only daughter of Major 
and Mrs D.V. Smiley, of the Isle 
of South Uist. Scotland. 

Mr J.W. Si Hem 
and Miss D.R. Hamilton 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, younger son of I 
Mr and Mrs A.L Sillem. of 
Deal. Kent, and Diane, younger] 
daughter of the late Mr F. 
Hamilton and of Mrs I. Hamil- 
ton, ofCamberiey. Surrey. 

Halley's Comet passed peri- 
helion on Feb 9th and is now 
receding from tbe Sun, but at the 
same time is getting nearer to 
the Earth until next month, ft is 
also moving rapidly south, but 
for the first few days of March it 
will be above the horizon in the 
United Kingdom. 

Shortly before 06h (an hour 
before sunrise) it will be just 

very difficult, so unless the 
reader is a natural early waker it 
is not worth the effort; don't set 
the alarm dock! 

The Halley event for this 
month is the arrival of the 
European Space Agency's space- 
craft Giotto. It was launched on 
July 2, 1983. and should pass 
close to the nucleus of the comet 
on the 13ih. It is hoped that 
during its four-hour passage it 
will be able to transmit photo- 
graphs and other data before its 
very possible destruction. Two 
Russian craft, wilt visit the 
comet a few days earlier and 
there is also a Japanese one on 
the way. 

Readers will have gathered 
from press and telvision that the 
Uranus project mentioned last 
month was a great success. 
From the planet itself evidence 
of the composition of its at- 
mosphere was obtained, also a 

magnetic field, and confirma- 
tion of the previously uncertain 
rotation period. 

A number of rings were added 
to the known nine, and at least 
six new, though very small, 
satellites added to the well- 
known five. Some surface detail 
was found on the latter. The 
gravitational field of the planet 
changed die orbit of Voyager so 
that, hopefully, it wiU reach 
Neptune in August 1989. 

In the early evening at this 

time of year the night sky is 
Of the 

probably at its brightest. 

20 or so brightest stars visible in 
our latitude at 8pm, Antares and 
Altair have gone, but in another 
hour or two A returns and Spica 
will have come. All the rest are 
there, although Vega and Deneb 
are so low on the northern 
horizon that they can hardly call 
themselves “present*^ 

There are no bright planets 
visible as Venus will have set 
and the others do not rise until 
aftermidnight. Enjoy the sky 
while you can. particularly dur- 
ing the dark of the Moon over 
the first 12 days. 

Mr N.H. Fisher 
and Miss K.E. Eastlake 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
and Mrs J.N. Fisher, of 
Seven oaks. Kent, and Kay. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. 
Eastlake. of Prudhoe. Northum- 

Mr J.R. Thompson 
and Miss F.M.K. Mac Swiney 
The engagement is announced 
between John, eldest son of Mr 1 
and Mrs J.F. Thompson, of] 
Penwonham. Preston. Lan- i 
cashire. and Fiona, youngest 
daughter of Major J.F. Mac 
Swiney. of Wootton. Abingdon. 
Oxfordshire, and the late Mrs 
K.L. Mac Swiney. 


Mr M.T. Ford 

and Miss D.A. Taylor ■ 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark, elder son of 
Professor A.G. Ford and the late 
Mrs Peggy Ford, of Leamington 
Spa. and Debra, only daughter 
of Mrs Dee Nash and Mr D. 
Tay lor, of Bristol. 

Dr J.P. Vessey 
and Miss E.C. Nicholls 
The engagement is announced 
between Phillip, son of Mr and 
Mrs R.F. Vessey. of Bottesford, 
Scunthorpe, and Elizabeth, 
daughter of the Rev M.S. and 
Mrs Nicholls. of Tunbridge 

Mr A.P.C. Holmes 
and Miss LJ. Little 
The engagement is announced 
between Adrian, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Dennis Holmes, of 
Bndae House. West Hylhe. 
KenL and Lucinda, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs David Little, of The 
Manor House. Bramcoie. Not- 

Mr R. Wetssenberg 
and Miss L_ Bread 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs W. Wcissenberg. of West 
Wickham. Kent and Lesley, 
only daughter of Mr and Mis 
R.HJ. Brend. of Exeter. Devon. 


Mrs Linda ParkMIL a char- 
tered accountant, who has 
been appointed to the council 
of the Institute of Taxation. 
Mr Richard A. Hoffman to be 

| joint registrar for the districts of 

Mr CJS. Hough 
and Miss L-J. Lopgrigg 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, eldest son 
of Mr and Mrs John Hough, of 
Blackhcalh. London, and Laura, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Roger Longrigg. of Crookham 
Village. Hampshire. 

MrJJ.Y. Madsen 
and Miss F.M. Murray 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Brigadier and Mrs Peter 
Madsen, of Mayfield, Sussex, 
and Frances, youngest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Eric Murray, of 
Pciwonh. Sussex. 

Mr C.A.L. Arnold 
and Miss T.A. Qnarternuine 
The marriage took place yes- 
terday at the Temple Church of 
Mr Charles Arnold, son of Sir 
John Arnold, of Little Horse 
Leas. Bradfidd, Berkshire, and 
Mrs Margaret Arnold, of Santa 
Teresa di Galium. Sardinia, and 
Miss Tessa Anne Quartermaine. 
daughter of Mrs Colin Yarrow, 
of The Malt House, Been ham, 
Berkshire, and the late Mr Allan 
Quartermaine. The Master of 
the Temple and the Right Rev 
George Reindorp officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her brother. Mr 
Stephen Quartermaine. was at- 
tended by Max Yarrow, Guy 
and Hannah Quartermaine, 
Anna Maguire and Jacquetta 
Lucas. Mr Hedley Marten was 
best man. 

A reception was held at 
Middle Temple Hall. 

ingor. Caernarfon. Conwy and 
Colwyn. Llangefni. Porthmadog 
and Rhyl county courts and 
[joint district registrar in the 
district registry of the High 
Court at Bangor. Caernarfon 
and Rhyl, from April I. 

Professor Alan Peacock, and Mr 
Michael Clarke to be members 
of the Arts Council. 


Mr J.A.G. Milward 
and Miss S.C. Tanner 
The engagement is announced 
between Justin, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Roderick Milward. of 
Back well Down. Backwell, 
Avon, and Sarah, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Stephen Tanner, 
of London. W2. 

Mr J. Ritblat 
and Mrs J. Zilkha 
The marriage took place in 
Geneva. Switzerland, on Feb- 
ruary 27. 1986. of Mr John 
Rilblai. son of the late Mr 
Montie Ritblat and Mrs 
Murielle Ritblat. and Mrs Jill 
Zilkha. daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Leonard Slotover. 

TODAY: Sir Peter Baxendell, 
61: Sir James Blair- 

Cunynghame. 73; Mr Alfred 
Burke. 68: Dr D.P. Burkitt 75; 
Mr John Carson, 59: Field 
Marshal Sir James Cassels, 79; 
Sir William Coldstream. 78; 
Major-General E.F. Foxton. 72; 
Dame Frances Gardner, 73; 
Admiral Sir Peter Herbert, 57; 
Sir Peter Medawar. OM. CH, 
71; Mr Brian Moore. 54; Profes- 
sor Linus Pauling, 85; Mr Robin 
Phillips, 44; Sir Ronald 
Radford, 70: Professor Sir Ste- 
phen Spender. 77: Sir Michael 
Young-Herries. 63. 

SARIES: Mr Joss AckJand. 58: 
Mr Mario Andretti. 46; Shri 
Morarji Desai, 90: Mr P.A. 
Lingard. 70: Mr James Qgilvy, 
22: Mr Frederick Starke. 82; Mr 
Victor Wolfgang von Hagen. 78. 


Southern Africa Association 
The Southern Africa Associ- 
ation held its annual meeting 
and luncheon at the Charing 
Cross Hotel yesterday. Mrs 
Lynda Chalk er. MP. was the 
guest of honour. The guests at 
the luncheon were received by 
Mr P.D.O. Liddell, chairman. 


English-Speaking Union 
The High Commissioner for 
The Gambia and Mrs Sarr were 
the guests of honour at a 
reception arranged by the En- 
glish-Speaking Union at the 
Chesterfield Hotel yestc 

Royal College of Pathologists 
Professor Barbara Clayton. 
President of the Royal College 
of Pathologists, entertained at 
dinner last night at 2 Carlton 
House Terrace, Mr Kenneth 
Clarke, QC, Paymaster General, 
and Mr Barney Hayhoe, Min- 
ister for Health. 
Anglo-Jewish Association A 
dinner was held at the Royal 
Commonwealth Society by the 
Anglo-Jewish Association last 
night for Mr Timothy Renton,' 
Minister of State at the Foreign 
and Commonwealth Office. 
Among those present were: 



Needleraakera' Company 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs, were the guests of 
honour at the annual dinner of 
tbe NeedJemakerc' Company 
held last night at the Mansion 
House. The Master, Mr J.A. 
Miller, with the Wardens and 
their ladies, received the guests. 
The speakers were the Lord 
Mayor, the Master. Judge Sir 
James Miskin, QC. Recorder of 
London, and Mr J.D. Foster. 

Mb Renton. Mr Clemens N Nathan 
lAJA President) and Mrs Nathan. M 
Vasile Glloa (Romanian Ambassador) 
and Mine Glloa. Mr Moshe Raviv 
(Minister Plenipotentiary al the hraeu 
Embassy) and Mrs Raviv. Mr Oyde 

Berryman (American Embassy). Dr L 

Mayer (Hungarian Embassy), sir 
David Mien < Foreign Office). Mr 
Gavin ligntman. QC. and Mrs 
ughtman. Sir Alan and Lady Marne. 
Mr Richard MoshJ and Mr Richard 


Needlework rugs, whether 
embroidered in Europe or 
America, seem to be enjoy ing a 
new vogue and it .was the turn 
of a Russian example to run 
Car beyond presale estimates 
in a Bokowski sale in Stock- 
holm yesterday. 

Dating from the first half of 
the nineteenth century, it is 
embroidered with interlocking 
lozenges of fruit and flowers, 
rather in the maimer of a 
patchwork qedlL A Swedish 
dealer paid 215,000 honors 
(estimate 80,000-100,000 fas) 
or £20,000 to acquire it It 
measures 268 by 200cm. 

The sale of Russian ait 
recorded a number of unex- 
pectedly high prices. A por- 
trait of a young woman seated 
in a summer garden with a 
violin under her arm by the 
turu-of-the-century realist 
painter Dya Repin sold for 
180,000 fas (estimate 80,000 
fas) or £36,774. 

An armchair in an exotic St 
Petersburg version of the Em- ! 
pire style sold for 35,000 fas 
(estimate 8,000 fas) or 
£3, 256 .It is veneered in exotic 
wood with the arms supported 
by bronzed and gilded swans 
and the back is fringed with 
gilt acanthus leaves. It is dated 
to about 1820. 

A French dealer stepped in 
to bid a pair of candelabra, 
formed of glittering crystal 
droplets supported by an ame- 
thyst glass stem and a white 
marble base, to 170,000 fas 
(estimate 50,000krs) or 

In London, Christie's sale of j 
fine English furniture was well 
attended with prices running 
much in line with expecta- 
tions. The new popularity of 
Edwardian satinwood was; 
again underlined with a pair of 
chairs, their openwork backs 
and legs painted with sprays of 
summer flowers and peacock 
feathers , selling for £5,400 
(estimate £3,005-£4,000); a 
matching twin chair back set- 
tee made £4,104 (estimate 

The top price in the sale was 
£8,640 (estimate £3,000- 
£5,000) for an early George IQ 
serpentine mahogany knee- 
hole desk, bought ou commis- 
sion for a private collector. 
Tbe sale totalled £343£58 
with 7 per cent left unsold. 

The Rev Canon 
Webster, DD. 
Residentiary of St Paul's from 
1969 to 1984, and a notable 
evangelist and theologian, 
died on February 28. aged 65. 

He was educated at Dulwich 
College and 5t Peter’s Hall, 
Oxford After preparation at 
Wycliffe Hall he was ordained 
deacon in Liverpool Cathe- 
dral in 1943 to serve as curate 
in the parish of St Helen's. 

He moved to Christ 
Church, Crouch End, where 
Bryan Green, as vicar, was 
leading a vigorous evangelistic 
ministry. In 1947 Webster was 
appointed Lecturer in Theol- 
ogy at the London College of 
Divinity, of which Lord Cog- 
gan was then Principal 

From that time on, evange- 
lism and theology became tbe 
twin themes dominating his 
thought and activities. Within 
the fellowship of the Church 
Missionary Society, of which 
he betaine Education Secre- 
tary in 1953, they found 
notable fulfilment. 

Max Warren, then General 
Secretary of the Society, was 
deeply conscious of tbe need 
for evangelism to be underpin 
and reinforced by lively theo- 
logical inquiry. He saw in 
Webster a man who could be 
commissioned to travel to 
centres of missionary activity 

in different pans of the world, 
relating the gospel to the 
developing problems of the 
younger churches. 

From 1957 to 1965 Webster 
exercised a remarkable itiner- 
ant ministry, lecturing in all 
six continents. He seemed 
able to present basic Christian 
theology in a way which both 
instructed and inspired. 

As Theologian-Minister of 
the CMS be became known in 
virtually every diocese of the 
Anglican Communion.. 

When he left the Society to 
become Professor of Mission 
at the Selly Oak colleges in 
Birmingham, it was recorded 
that the job be bad done had 
been unique. 

In 1969 he was appointed 
Canon Residentiary at Si 
Paul's, occupying tbe offices 
first of Precentor, then of 
Chancellor. Through his 
preaching he continued the 
dual ministry of theology and 
evangelism; he could still , 
travel widely to lecture. He 
retired in 1984. 

He was author of numerous 
books and. articles, of which 
probably the most influential 
were In Debt to Christ and 
What is Evangelism?. In these 
he revealed his sense of rapid- 
ly changing world conditions 
and their effects on methods 
of evangelism. 

w * 

r ’ i l 

^ j •• : 



Benthara Club 
Lord Goff ofChieveley gave the 
presidential address at the an- 
nual dinner of the Bentham 
Club held at University College 
London yesterday evening. 
Among those present were: 

LaOy Goff. Lon) Lloyd of Hampstead. 
— ! and Lady Woolf. Sir 

Institution of Electrical 

QC_ Lord Justice 
Jack Jacob. QC. an d La dy Jacoti. 
Master and Mrs Hodgson. Professor 
J.Z — lowed. Professor R-W. Rideout. 
Professor and Mrs J-S. Read. PrafM- 
sor WL Twining. Professor E.C. 
Ryder. Dr G. Parzf Axwortn*. chair- 
man of the dub. and Mrs Ram- 

Service dinner 

Admiral Sir Lindsay Bryson, 
President of the Institution of 
Electrical Engineers, presided at 
the annual dinner held last night 
at Grosvenor House. Mr James 
Prior, MP, and Mr Robert 
Alexander, QC, Chairman of the 
Bar CounciL were the principal 
speakers. The Lord Mayor of 
Westminster was among others 

RN College Greenwich 
A dinner and reception was held 
last night at RN College Green- 
wich to mark the conferment of 
degrees in nuclear reactor tech- 
nology and radiological protec- 
tion. Professor J.R.A. Lakey, 
dean, presided and Admiral Sir 
Peter Slandford, Commander- 
in-ChieC Nava! Home Com- 
mand, also spoke. 

Library buys 
Tippett music 

The British Library an- 
nounced yesterday that it has 
purchased a group of musical 
raanoscripts from the Michael 
Tippett Musical Foundation. 
Pre-eminent among them is 
the mannscript of the large- 
scale choral and orchestral 
work, “The Mask of Tune”. 
Already widely performed, it is 
to be played by. the BBC 
Symphony Orchestra at the 
Festival Hall on Sunday. It 
was composed between 1980 
and 1983. 

There are six other items 
which go to join the major 
collection of Tippett manu- 
scripts bought by the British 
Library in 1980; they included 
almost every work of his 
mature output. 

Sir Hugh Wontner writes: 

With the death on February 
22 of Mrs Derek Tangye, a 
long and successful literary 
partnership with her husband, 
the author Derek Tangye, 
which produced so many 
charming books about their 
rural life in Cornwall, has 
come to an end. 

Before she was 20 years of 
age. Mrs Tangye, then Miss 
Jean NicoL, had started her 
career as a journalist on the 
Daily Afirnor, answering, as 
she said the cries of the 
lovelorn under the pseud- 
onym of Dorothy Dix. 

A year later she went to the 
Savoy, as a junior member of 
its Press Office, and not long 
afterwards, at the outbreak of 
war, tbe departure of the 
senior staff left her unexpect- 
edly in charge. 

At that time, most of the 
representatives of the Ameri- 
can press, sent to London to 
report events, had settled m 
the Savoy, as being near to 
Fleet Street, and Jean N tool's 
Press office began to assume a 
unique importance, which was 
greatly fostered by her person- 


al charm and 

Gradually the office became 
more and more a busy centre 
where celebrities met in in- 
creasing numbers all through 
the war and afterwards, and 
her entertaining description oip 
these years in her book Meet 
me at the Savoy, published in 
1952 with a foreword by 
Danny Kaye, went through 18 

Less successful was her 
amusing newspaper, which 
she called The Savoy Stan- 
dard. written mainly by Amer- 
ican journalists resident in the 
Savoy, as H incurred a reproof 
from Lord Beaverbrook on 
the grounds that it was a 
breach of wartime regulations, 
and its publication was dis- 

Miss NicoL among whose 
many friends A.P. Herbert 
was one of the foremost, left 
the Savoy in 1949 after 11 
years there, and with he£< 
husband settled in a small 
cottage in Cornwall, growing 
early flowers and writing 
chiefly of their rural life. 

.. ,f. 


Brigadier Philip B. Cuddon. 
CBE. MC, who has died aged 
88. was a distinguished soldier 
who in the First World War 
won three MCs, the last of 
them on horseback at the head 
of his company. 

Bom in 1897. the eldest son 
of Basil Cuddon. an actor and 
barrister, he joined the Artists' 
Rifles when he was only just 
17. and by the end of the war 
he was an acting brigadier 
before he was 21. 

He served in the Army of 
the Black Sea with the Hamp- 
shire regiment, and later in 
Egypt and Germany.. 

In the Second World War he 
commanded a Company 

Commanders' School and was 
GSOi Western Command. 
From 1943 to 1949 he was 
Commandant of the Army 
Technical School. Beachley, 
and bier, as brigadier. Presi- 
dent of the Regular Commis- 
sions Board. 

On retirement he became 
Adjutant of the Royal Hospi- 
tal. Chelsea, for 12 uears. 

Unusually handsome and a 
fine horseman, he was also a 
gifted amateur actor with a 
lifelong interest in. and knowl£; 
edge of. the theatre. 

He married in 1922 Joan 
Cummings who died in 1973. 
Of their vwo sons, the eider 
died of wounds in the North 
African campaign. 

Memorial service 


Sir Graham Rowlandson 
Lord Home of the Hirsel was 
represented by Mr John Stokes, 
MP, at a service of thanksgiving 
for the life of Sir Graham 
Rowlandson held at Si 
Margaret's, Westminster, yes- 
terday. Canon Trevor Beeson 
officiated. Mr Gordon Coates 
and Mr Richard Rowlandson, 
son. read the lessons. Lord 
Boyd-Carpenter gave an ad- 
dress. The Rev A.C.C. 
Courtauld and the Archdeacon 
of London led the prayers. The 
Lord Mayor attended. Among 
those present were: 

Lady Rowland*™ fwHJow). Mr and 
Mrs Alan Rowlandson (son and 
dauqhter-ln-law). Mis Richard 

Hn. Lady (Charles) Notm. 

Anne Bryans, sir Amokl France. Str 
Douglas Dodds- Parker (Conservative 
Common wealth Council). vtwAd- , 
mlral Sir lan and Lady Hogg. Sir i 
Henry and Lady PtuntpeTr _ . 

Mr Donald Stringer (representing 
tbe Director of Organization. Conser- 
vative Central Office)- Mr K F DOtben 
(Two CWn Dining Oi*). Mr J W 
McLeod (director. S graham 
Rowlandson and Company) with Mr J 
k Palmer t director r the ^Master of irw 
Pavtora' Company with CUper 
Warden and the Cter)C the Master of 
the Masons’ Company wHh the Renter 
Warden and the Ctertu.Mr A Ktngky- 
Brown (president. OM Minin [Bans 
dub) with Mr Stuart HtObenUn* 
(chairman): Mr Charies trvtng. MP 
(chairman. Stem It nn Housing _____ 
ationj. Mto Barbara Latimer (Home 
Office Observer. Stonham „ Coimcili. 
Mr Geoffrey James (Ejiolish Table 
Tennis Association). MrMEa OflW 
(chairman. Middlesex TaMe Tennis 
Association). Mr Many Green way. 
MP (vice-chairman. Greater London 
Conservative MPsL Mrs C A 
Prendersast (chairman. Greater Lon- 
don Area OonservottvesL Mr D W 
Bromfleld Oslln^fon ^Conservative 

University news 



Cannon (King I 

. . . Idaughter-m-law). 

and Mrs Trevor Simpson ison-ln-Urw 

Edward's Hospital Fund for_Londoni. j 
Mrs Edward de la Mone 

Mrs R Squires. Mr and Mrs C J 

Parker. Mr John HOwlanasonMiTl. 
J Bryan. Mr p AshuirM. Mr and Mrs 
Maurice Rowlandson. Mr Oar 

"Mar^Counim ot Ja ddnU—II- 
shire. Lord Murtnn at Undttfaroe 
i chancellor. Primrose League* wuti 
Lady Murton. Delrdre Lady 
Mounievans (also repreaaitfcw Age 
Concern. Kensington and Chelsea). 
Lord Greenhdl of Harrow. Lord and 
Lady seehohm. Law Jartner. Irene 

^wS? n S2^ rt ^^ LBd (S 

Bone. Lord Cullen of Ashbourne. 
Lady Gore-Booth, me, Hon Mrs 
Suzanne Sfcyrme. Sir Colin Cqje. Lady 
GooimUIMw. Sir Noel Ond Lady 
Short. Sir Hugh and Wdy Wontnen 
Sir Kenneth Lewis. M P. St r Dram is 
TitcftMwr -Barren. Lady (Ernest) Mar- 


secretary. Conservative^ Foreign and 
Common waalth Council). Mr John 
Pricked (Enfield Conservative Asood- 

Foundation). Mr Jeff Roooen (chair 
man. DfcnbleiDent In the City) with 

Mrs E withrington (secretary) and Mr 

and Mrs Jimmy Wright: Mrs G 
Howard (Mayfair ReMdems' Aesoct- 
attanfc Mr Arthur Harrmond tcWei 


Coleman _ 

Skidmore (J Avery and Company) 
with Mr S W Hart: _Mr Desmond 
utogntm CKimon sl. Mr C Drewry 
(Rowlands^. busIm' 

Mr David Menzies 
Associates). Mr Sam 

Ma nc hes t er 

Arthritis and Rheumatism 
Council £54,707 to Professor 
ME Grant and Dr J McClure for 
research into the mechanisms of 
chondro-ossification in repair- 
ing Achilles tendon. 

Medical Research Council: 
£132^272 to Dr T Strachan for 
research into the organisation 
and expression of dass I HLA 
s; £49,160 to Professor I 
rwood to study nuclear 
magnetic resonance. 

Science and Engmeerigng Re- 
search Council: £572,038 to Mr 
ID Cotham, Professor CB Jones 
and Mr TN Nipkow for 
development of an integrated 
project support environment. 

uiunamhmL MrtrapoULan Special 
m iniM tmla ry). Mr T Curtis (derk. 
trieman Street Ward Clutei. Mr R 

Choir School 

As a result of the recent voice 
trials, choral scholarships have 
been awarded to the following; 

sex and Surrey Society). Mr LevtM A 
Weedon (managing director. SeU-cta 

Robert Lewis (Cranmore School. 
L^therttea^aorey). Philip" Kay 
(Thomas iLondon Day School. Loo 

Sen fees). Mr Aubrey Orchard-Ltd e. 
Mrs Gordon Coates. Air Vice-Marshal 
and Mrs John Stacey. Mr John 
Geddes. and Mr Roger Sima. MP. 

E6L SrahMi 

OJ*rtan ta M ary’s RC Primary 
School. London. SEP). Mr Andrew 
Swunan (Guardian AnfleB Primary 
School London. £3). 

Science report 

Plant growth observed by scanner 

By Bill JohnstODe,TecIroology Correspondent 

RTA writes: 

Anthony Rawlinson, whose 
tragic and untimely death on 
Snowdon you recorded on 
February 24, was not just one 
of the ablest and most effec- 
tive civil servants of his 
generation: he was an upright 
and admirable man. 

In all that he did, as a civil 
servant or otherwise, he acted 
with clarity of mind and 
expression, meticulous atten- 
tion to accuracy and to detail, 
robust firmness and determi- 
nation of purpose, and un- 
swerving integrity and 

He could be an exacting 
colleague: he did not spare 
others in demanding the same 
high standards as he set 
himself. But that was com- 
bined with a capacity for 
friendship in his personal 
relations which ensured that 
the respect in which he was 
held was accompanied, for 
those who were close to him, 
by warm affection. 

He was a good friend, 
utterly dependable and 
staunchly loyal in his friend- 
ships. He was also a stimulat- 
ing companion: he was a man 
who put a lot into living and 
made the most of life, active 

living as well as of its serious 

Of Anthony as- a mountain- 
eer I cannot speak. But his 
devotion to the mountains 
and to climbing was lifelong 
and central to his life; and it 
lay too deep to be expressed in 
words. It was also the focus for 
some of his closest friend- 

It was especially in his 
family life tiiat Anthony re- 
vealed the tenderness that** 
underlay his strength and 
firmness. He was the centre of 
and was sustained by, a dose- 
knit and loving family. The 
mountains had over the years 
claimed the Lives of not a few 
of his friends, and his wife, 
Mary, must have lived with 
the tear of losing him in the 
same way. 

It sneaks volumes for her 
Jove for Anthony and her 
strength of character that she 
did not allow this to interfere 
with his enjoyment of an 
activity which meant so much 
to him. It is a cruel irony that 
this accident should have 
happened at a time when the 
most strenuous and perilous 
phase of his life as a moun- 
taineer must have seemed to 

hearts of his friends 

aar*. V:."--; t 

The mysteries of plant growth 
are being unravelled in tbe 
United States by researchers 
harnessing magnetic resonance- 

imag ing technology, a technique 

normally used by doctors for 
body scanning. 

The findings of tbe American 
researchers will help plant ex- 
perts to simulate tbe conditions 
for increasing growth. 

The work is being conducted 
by General Electric Company at 
its research laboratory in 
Schenectady, New York, in 
partnership with the US Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. 

Using magnetic resonance the 
team is studying the structure 
and tbe operations of tbe roots of 
living plants. With the scanner a 
picture of the so0 and its 
container is easily constructed, 
enabling (be scientists to watch 

tbe roots grow and the plant 
absorb water without it being 

Tbe imaging teduuqee probes 
the substance bang studied by 
positioning it at tbe centre of a 
powerful magnet capable of 
producing a field of 1-5 Tesla, 
30.000 times the strength of the 
Earth’s magnetic Add. 

The radiawiTes make the 
atoms of the object under study 
vibrate. Those resonant signals 
are then processed by computer 
to produce the scanner picture, 

Tbe work of the research team 
was first pobUshed in die Janu- 
ary edition of Proceedings of the 
Notional Academy of Sciences. 
Tbe scientists used broad beans 
planted in a variety of soils, 
including sand, vennkalite, per- 
lite. day and peat. 

Scans taken after 30 days 
showed dearly the lower parts of , 
the plant developing. The res- 
onant images were able to trace 
the rooting netwo r k as it 
branched into deeper soil. 

The transport of water was 
also studied by the GE research- 
ers. The plant was exposed to 
simulated sunlight for several 
hours. Periodic scans showed 
water moving from the cot- 
yledons to tbe leaves and stem. 

and energetic in all he did, indeed go out to Maty aiid to 
with a keen sense of the fun of their sons in their great grief 

Mr Gennady Andreyev, the 
Soviet Union's Ambassador 
to Ethiopia, died suddenly on 
February 25, Tass news agen- 
cy reported. He was posted to 
Addis Ababa in March, 1985. 

To trace the water path la a 
12-day bean seedling, its root 
was immersed in a tracer solu- 
tion of copper sulphate. Images 
were then taken after tbe plant 
was exposed to strong tight 
After an boor the researchers 
cmdd see the path of the tracer 
as the plant drew water through 
its roots. 

Professor David Steel An- 
derson, who was Emeritus 
Professor of Accounting and 
Business Method in the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, died on 
February 1 1 at the age of 83, 

Sir Alfred Lassam Goodson, 
Bt, who succeeded bis father 
as second Baronet in 1940, 
died on February 1 7 at the age 
of 92. He was Master of the 

College Valley Foxhounds 
from 1924 to 1981. 








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class of 

When the SOP was launched 
t ■ under the gourmet aegis of 
Roy Jenkins, it became known 
in some circles as the Wine 
and Cheese Party. The con- 
stituency that The fishing 
Party (BBC2) would like to 
represent is somewhat differ- 
ent: an identikit of their ideal 
citizen would be a rather 
obtuse Empire loyalist who 
was properly spanked in child- 

This Forty Minnies docu- 
mentary was first proposed by 
its most egregkms subject, a 
bullish, tote-thirties. haJf-mil- 
lion-a-year commodity broker 
(“We're selling something we 
haven't got in the anticipation 
of buying it back cheaper") 
* . named Gny Cbeyney, who 
suggested filming the fishing 
trip that he and three pals took 
in the Penttond Firth last 
October, hot on the trail of the 
. world's largest skate: the un- 
speakable in pursuit of the 
highly edible. 

. One presumes that none of 
them knew, at the time the film 
unit was recording the expedi- 
tion itself and the toney 
“lifestyle" dips at their 
houses, dobs and businesses, 
that the footage would be 
overladen not just with their 
platitadiuous political opin- 
ions but also with radio news 
bulletins about unemploy- 
ment, South Africa a®i the 
- Tottenham riots, 
t- This erode device worked 
^ only once, when Mr Cbeyney 

• commented “The British are 

era] wDJ always believe in their 
country" - an observation 
which wins my Golden Ostrich 
award for purblind naivety. A 
later shot of the humble 
boatman mooching his miser- 
able Wonderloaf sandwich 
while the gents scoffed lobster 
daws on the heaving deck 
seemed to gild an already 
overdecorated I0y. What the 
programme needed was a con- 
frontation between these pa- 
rodic Blimps and what 
journalists call “real people": 
those, in other words, who do 
not fit into a trite division of 
uobs and yokels. But perhaps 
the subjects of this curious 
essay never meet them. 

Martin Cropper 


Invention and skill 
blossom out on a 
shoestring budget 

Out of Order (15) 

Cannon Tottenham Court 

Car Trouble (18) 
Cannon Oxford Street, 
Pan ton Street 

Shaker Run (15) 

Cannon Oxford Street 

Forbidden (PG) 

Cannon Baker Street 

In Out of Order the disaster movie 
meets the Kammerspiel. Its Swiss- 
born director Carl Schenkel claims 
that he arrived at his subject by 
asking himself what would be the 
cheapest kind of story to shooL He 
came up with the idea of four people 
trapped in a lift, and from this 
developed the story with the writer 
Frank Gohre, who has since turned it 
into a novel. 

Inevitably the film did not turn out 
quite as cheap and simple as h 
promised: you cannot conveniently 
gel a cemera crew into an ordinary 
lift and studio sets had to be built. 
Yet, even after escalation of the cost 
through obligatory inconveniences 
like studio fires and pregnant leading 
ladies, this taut little drama was 
acheived on a budget derisory in 
comparison with the minimum re- 
quirements of any Hollywood pro- 
duction. There is always satisfaction 
- as well as a salutary lesson for our 
own film industry — in productions 
like this which work through inven- 
tiveness and skill rather than the huge 
casts, scenic display and special 
effects of an Earthquake or Poseidon 

With a rowing boat rather than a 
ship of fools, Schenkel observes the 
familiar conventions of the style: the 
four people trapped in the lift of an of- 
fice tower all prove, under extreme 
stress, to be rather different from 
their first appearances. There is a 
successful executive whose confident 
superiority collapses, and his girl- 
friend whose disillusion in the man is 
confirmed in this night of confine- 
ment.- A pathological, anti-social 
young punk reveals reserves of 
courage;- and (a vague memory of__ 

Stagecoach) a reserved and respect- 
able little man turns out to be a 
fleeing embezzler. 

There are no surprises, but 
Schenkel sustains the interest with 
progressive character revelation and 
well-managed suspense sequences in- 
cluding all the traditional devices of 
fraying ropes, disintegrating machin- 
ery and hand-to-hand struggles above 
the abyss of the lift shaft. 

His four principal actors admirably 
meet the demands placed on them: 
and people who enjoy historical 
connections will like to know that 
Gdiz George, who plays the execu- 
tive, is the son of Heinrich George, a 
legendary figure of German film 
history. Rotund and moustached. 
Heinrich George first appeared on the 
screen in 1913. is perhaps best 
remembered as tile foreman in Me- 
tropolis, but later worked in Nazi 
propaganda films like Hitler junge 
Que.x and Jude Suss. He died in a 
Soviet prison camp when his son. 
named after one of his favourite stage 
roles, was eight 

• Entrapment also figures in Car 
T rouble, whose piece de resistance is a 
long sequence in which a pair of 
fornicating adulterers find them- 
selves inextricably trapped in the act 
by a muscular spasm. With the 
corollary of the crowd that gathers to 
admire the spectacle, this is a 
favourite and venerable sexual anec- 
dote. though it has probably never 
before appeared on the screen. 

Schoolboy mdery plays a large role 
in what turns out as spiced-up sit- 
com. It is possible that the writers, 
James Whaley and AJ.Ttpping, origi- 
nally had larger ambitions. There is a 
real effort to detail the suburbia of 
semi-detacheds. garden gnomes and 
the Sunday rituals of lawn-mowing 
and car-cleaning. The problems of a 
discontentedly married couple, on 
the verge of middle age. mostly arise 
from the aspirations of a media- 
conditioned lower middle class. She 
dreams of being a soap-opera heroine: 
he fulfils his ambitions when he buys 
a crimson Jaguar to impress his 
friends. The car compounds their 
problems, inciting him to the sin of 
pride and her to lechery, and provid- 
ing both cause and setting of the 
lady's embarrassing predicament. 

The film's essential shortcoming is 
want of generosity. In low comedy it 
is necessary to some extent at least to 
love the people as you laugh at them; 
but in this case writers, 'director 

Collapse of confident superiority: Gotz George (left) as the executive 
struggles with Wolfgang Killing's embezzler in Oat of Order 

(David Green, a new arrival from 
television) and players all convev a 
deep distaste for the folly, deception 
and meanness of this couple. Their 
only redeeming quality is that thev 
are represented by two ordinarily 
sympathetic players. Julie Walters, 
her grimacing getting more and more 
like Hylda Baker, and Ian Charleson. 
who approaches comedy wiih a 
deadpan style which might do well in 
a kindlier son of film. 

There is more car trouble in Shaker 
Ron. a hit-and-miss action adventure 
from New Zealand, with an American 
star. Cliff Robertson. (He has not 
worked much in Hollywood since he 
mentioned to the police that a studio 
chief had forged his name on a cheque 
and so embarrassed the movie capital 
with the much-publicized scandal 
recorded in David McOintick’s Inde- 
cent Exposure, a True Story of 
Hollywood and Wall Street.) A stunt- 
driving team down on their luck 
(Robertson and Leif Garrett) under- 
take a driving assignment for a 
research scientist (Lisa Harrow) who 
is making off with a deadly virus in 
order to prevent its use as a biological 
weapon. Since her intention is to 
hand it over to some shadv CIA 
people, it all seems a case of the’ frying 
pan and the fire. 

. Not that the story makes much 
sense; it is the dramatic New Zealand 
sceneiy and the cars that count. Every 

Enjoyably breezy 

I] barbiere di 


Covent Garden 

The spacious severity with 
which Michael Hampe’s pro- 
duction endows // barbiere di 
Siviglia at Covent Garden 
might seem more suited to 
Mozart's enlightened human- 
ity than to Rossini's artifice, 
but it does provide an appro- 
priate context for the new 
Rosina of Kathleen Kubl- 

On Wednesday night sbe 
began rather uneasily, perhaps 
nervous or Irving too hard. 
There were fierce changes of 


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colour in “Una voce poco fa", 
and a couple of ill-advised 
fortes. But then, quite sudden- 
ly. the interpretation settled 
down, and Miss Kuhlmann 
showed the advantage of mak- 
ing Rosina a child other time: 
a Romantic, capable of the 
most sensuous strains (nota- 
bly those addressed to "Don 
Alonso" in the lesson scene) 
and behaving with serious- 
ness. She retains the option of 
sheer display, and trickles her 
voice effortlessly through the 
ornamentation, but her 
Rosina is carried forward 
entirely by -feeling and not by 

Also new to the production, 
and indeed to the house, is 
Mikael Melbye as Figaro. He 
is a very lyrical rogue, singing 
with a free, fine radiance even 
though his voice is not enor- 
mous. He also beams with a 
geniality that is nicely unaf- 
fected: in a curious way, he 
keeps his innocence through 
all the plotting. 

There was also to have been 
a new Almaviva, but John 
Dickie has flu and was re- 
placed by Dean van der Wait, 
who sang the role Iasi year 
when this production was 
new. His light voice sounded 
insufficiently supported for 
much of the time; there were 
moments when he almost 
broke into a falsetto. But as 
the opera neared its end he 

Feeling rather than flirting: 

Kathleen Kuhlmann *s 
sensuous yet serious Rosina 

was singing with greater con- 
sistency, and it became easier 
to enjoy his interpretation of 
the count as a sensitive young 
man, a very fit companion for 
tbis Rosina and this Figaro. 

Enzo Dara returns as a 
Bartolo whose possessiveness 
is. for once, more grim than 
foolish, and John Tomlinson 
is- again the splendid Don 
Basilio. Another refugee from 
the Coliseum Moses, Jane 
Eagien, makes a happy house 
debut as Berta, throwing offj 
her aria with lively warmth 
and confidence. Alberto 
Zed da, conducting his own 
edition, brings the wind for- 
ward to enjoyably breezy but 
closely detailed effecL 

Paul Griffiths 


Festival Hall 

Like many conductors with 
glossy international careers, 
Michael Tilson Thomas's 
style, is nothing if not visually 
extrovert; unlike many of 
them, he is also an outstand- 
ing musician. His reading of 
Mahler's Fifth Symphony was 
at all points cogent, intelligent 
and articulated with spellbind- 
ing vividness. The last move- 
ment brought the house down, 
and deservedly so. 

Just how good an orchestra 
the RPO are at the moment 
was demonstrated by the de- 
gree of control of phrasing and 


ensemble which Thomas de- 
manded. and which was al- 
most always forthcoming: a 
startlingly quick tempo for the 
Rondo-Finale in no way un- 
settled them. The Adagietto 
sounded all the more beautiful 
for Thomas's refusal to senti- 
mentalize the music, and the 
wonderful central Scherzo 
crackled with life from start to 
finish, with plenty of heroic 
horn-playing and genuine 
magic in the quieter moments. 

All this was in particularly 
welcome contrast to a first half 
which was. shall we say. a 
strange experience. Ivo Pogo- 
relich’s approach to the solo 
piano pan of Franck’s Sym- 
phonic Variations was rela- 
tively free of eccentricities and 

featured a nice range of tone- 
colours. complemented by the , 
silky accompaniment which 
Thomas drew from the RPO’s 
strings in the slow central 
section. But obviously Pogo- 
rclich's intention was simply 
to get extraneous things like 
accompaniments out of the 

With Thomas safely off the 
stage and the orchestra help- 
lessly marooned on it he 
proceeded to deliver not just 
one but two encores, neither of I 
them in any way exceptionally 
played. Pogorelich presum- 
ably thinks he is some kind of ] 
genius. On this evidence he 
has some growing up to do, 

Malcolm Hayes 


Patterns of relish 


possible variation of the car-chase has 
been explored in the 18 years since 
Bullitt introduced this tediously dura- 
ble vogue, and the director Bruce 
Morrison cannot contribute anything 
new. In the very last moments of the 
film however he earns points for 
sheer extravagance with a succession 
of vehicles hurling themselves lem- 
ming-like off a cliff edge, to explode 
on the rocks below. 

There is something about teleplays 
that is unmislakeable. It is not 
poverty of resources — Forbidden is 
quite ably staged in Berlin locations, 
even if the smoking ruins of 1945 
look like stage sets — but a sense of su- 
perficiality and flimsiness in the 
writing. Directed by Anthony Page, 
Forbidden is scripted by Leonard 
Gross from his own book. The Last 
Jens in Berlin. It is apparently based 
on the true story of a German 
countess who hid her Jewish lover 
throughout several years of the wan 
but the authenticity of the original 
story cannot in ilselflend credibility 
io the characters played by Jacqueline 
Bissei and Jurgen Prochnow, who 
behave with an indiscretion quite 
inappropriate to the dangers around 
them. The film's best moments are 
provided by Irene Worth as the Jew's 
fatalistic mother, and an eerie en- 
counter with a - professional Jew- 

David Robinson 

George Russell 

Logan Hall 

Getting on for 40 years after 
he opened his account by 
writing a couple of sizzling 
pieces for Dizzy Gillespie’s 
legendary bebop big band. 
George Russell is making his 
first appearances in Britain on 
a tour which began to an 
ovation in Bloomsbury on 
Wednesday evening. 

Leading a 14-piece orches- 
ira consisting of three Ameri- 
cans (a pianist, a bass-guitarist 
and a drummer), one Dane 
and one Canadian (the trum- 
peters Palle Mikkclborg and 
Kenny Wheeler) and nine 
young Britons. Russell pre- 
sented a programme covering 
almost every stage of a rich 
career devoted to the theoreti- 
cal exploration and practical 
celebration of jazz. 

En route to becoming one of 
the most eminent of living 
jazz composers, Russell in- 
vented a system known as the 
Lydian Chromatic Concept, a 
set of harmonic blueprints 
which, although it never 
gained general currency, gave 
his music a characteristic tan 
flavour. More recently he has 
been propagating something 
called Vertical Form, to do 
with the relationship between 
the music's various layers. He 
was once a drummer, and 
Vertical Form has re-empha- 
sized the rhythmic content of 
his compositions to such a 
degree that the most immedi- 
ately striking aspect of Wed- 
nesday's concert was his clear 
relish of patterns drawn from 
African music and from rock. 

Cleverly devised and engag- 
ingly presented, the evening 
began with “Cubana Be/ 
Cubana Bop", from the Gilles- 
pie band book, and travelled 
through the still absorbing 
1950s modernism of the 
multi-themed “All Aboul 

Rosie" before alighting, aston- 
ishingly. on a piece inspired by 
a recent record by the New 
York scratch disc-jockey. 
Grandmaster Flash. Drums 
crashed, a guitar howled and 
synthesizers raged, taking us 
far from the crisp miniaiurism 
of Russell's celebrated Jazz 
Workshop of the Fifties — 
until the expressionisiic tonal 
distortions of Chris Biscoe's 
bass clarinet pierced the swill- 
ing murk. 

Russell's latest extended 
work. The African Game. 
occupied most of the second 
half, beginning with the soft 
whirring - like insects in a 
heat haze — of four small 
portable pencil-sharpeners be- 
fore resorting to more conven- 
tional methods of depicting 
exotic worlds. Between bouts 
of therapeutic rowdiness, sev- 
eral memorable events oc- 

Mikkclborg used his un- 
imaginably sumptuous tone to 
construct an enraptured solo 
accompanied only by occa- 
sional guitar phrases; Court- 
ney Pine, the tenor sax- 
ophonist. overcame his 
tendency towards youthful 
overstatement in a ballad 
section that encouraged the 
evocation of a calm stoicism; 
Django Bates executed a lin- 
gering synthesizer coda that 
suggested a vista of endless 
and immemorial deserts. 

As a closing jew d'esprir. a 
unison transcription of Miles 
Davis's solo from the classic 
“Milestones" was set against 
an outrageously funky riff. 
Mikkelborg further distilling 
Davis's phrases in s solo that 
not only paid tribute to its 
source but also spoke elo- 
quently of Russell's ability — 
the gift of a true jazz composer 
- to guide and inspire the 
improviser. And never will I 
forget those electric pencil- 

Richard Williams 


On the Black Hill 

Taliesin Arts Centre, 

Can theatre avoid romanticiz- 
ing the peasant life? No freez- 
ing cowsheds, mind, no 
ailing stenches. On the 
Black Hill, adapted for the 
stage by Charles Way from 
Brace Chatwin's award-win- 
ning noveL is a fairly precious, 
fairly late contribution to the 
Hovisland nostalgia-boom: 
corduroys and braces, derry- 
down singing, collarfess shirts, 
simple country folk. 

The Jones family in their 
farmhouse smack on the 
Wales/England border are a 
quasi-Lawrentian bunch: ele- 
mental Dad, middle-class 
Mum, hoity-toity daughter 
and identical twin sons, one of 
whom shows early his predi- 
lection for baking cakes and 
dressing in Mum's clothes: 
Dad, unamused, is more con- 
cerned w-iih an acrimonious 
boundary dispute. 

The first act has already 
been worked on since the 
Made in Wales company 
opened their tour a fortnight 
ago. but it still needs cutting, if 
not to say scything. The piece 

achieves a measure of dignity 
in Act 11. with the welcome 
arrival of an historical frame- 
work. Two set pieces at the 
beginning and end of the First 
World War - a church-hall 
recruiting drive and a desper- 
ately ironic Hail the Heroes 
fete complete with cripples - 
bracket the story of twin 
Benjamin's maltreatment as a 
fundamentalist conchie: 
meanwhile, on another part of 
the stage, twin Lewis (exempt- 
ed for the duration for essen- 
tial farm work) winces in 
telepathic sympathy with ev- 
ery thump of the bullies’ fists. 

Andy Rivers and Sion Tu- 
dor Owen play the identically 
dressed twins as a kind of 
umbilical double acL mostly 
blank and undemonstrative 
though at times bursting into 
well-observed disharmony. 
John Surman turns in a nicely 
contrasted pair of preachers, 
the singing and musical ac- 
companiment are finely ren- 
dered. and Brian Williams's 
lighting is resourceful. Bui 
Jamie Garven's measured 
production reeks of sincerity, 
and sincerity, one might ar- 
gue. belongs to Ans Centres 
and not to Art. 

Martin Cropper 


Music Network 

new music on : tour* 


with their Double Quartet 

Anglo-French free improvisation first seen at 
1984 Bracknell jazz Festival 

Wed 5 Mr 7. JO pm LONDON, Btootmbur* Theurr 

Ttaa 6 Mar MO pm BRACKNELL, South Hill Part An, Centre 

Frit Mar tUM pro OXFORD, Si. IW* Wiiira Sutra 

Son 9 Mar &D0 pm BIRMINGHAM, brmfaHan Hold 

Moo 10 Mar 7.34 pm LEICESTER. l*twcno Ans Low* 

Tue II Mar 7-M pm LIVERPOOL. Oucona 

Wed 12 Mar &M pm YORK, Sir Jack L>on> Ooncm Hall 

oi-wn <*>3» 

021-55* (OtrS 


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Tbe Winter's Tale 

ffirectw or Terry Kanos 

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dlreaedhy Barry kvm 

A tragic romance of honour, friendship, tow aiw 
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Every Mao in bis Humoer 

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A fumuscooHCNreo of intrigue and confusion, 
woven uy personal vanity and neatness 


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Tickets E6 00 

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a landmark m British Theatre of the T980s'FiBirts 
until 29 uaffll NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE 
17 AjinH7 way hahqiesth 
PAUC i: THEATRE 061 2569922 
from 26 May 10S ANGELES USA 






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Hanson Trust's offer docu- 
ment for imperial published 
yesterday says that its £2.4 
billion offer provides share- 
holders with “ more- capital, 
more cash and more income 
than the United Biscuits bid." 

Hanson's chairman. Lord 
Hanson, warns Imperial 
shareholders of the danger of 
UB's share price falling. 

But Imperial said that there 
were no new factors in the 
document for it to reconsider 
its rejection of the Hanson bid 
and recommendation of the 
United Biscuits bid.. UB's bid 
values Imperial at 31 7p a 
share against Hanson's offer at 
316pa share. 

AAH profit 

AAH, the distributor of 
pharmaceuticals and fuel, 
made a pretax profit of £1 1.8 
million in the nine months to 1 , 
December 31, up from £6.7 
million. Turnover advanced 
from £358 million to £715 
million and the interim divi- 
dend rose from 2_668p to 

Tempos, page 23 

Dealings halt 

Share dealings in Vosper, 
the marine engineering com- 
pany. have been suspended. 
An announcement is expected 
today;. Last month the compa- 
ny said that it was winding up 
its main shipbuilding business 
in Singapore because of lack of 

CBI calls for £lbn action 
after jobless hits peak 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Pressure is growing on die 
Chancellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
to announce a new jobs pack- 
age in next month's Budget. 
The February unemployment 
figures, published yesterday. 

unemployment seen for much 
of last year," be said. 

The unadjusted total for 
unemployment, including 
school leavers, fell, as is 
normal in February. There 

confirmed that the underlying was a drop of 25,836 to 
jobless trend has turned up 3381,893, or 1 4 per cent of the 


Adult unemployment, after 
allowing for seasonal factors, 
rose by 4,800 to a new high of 
3210,100. This followed in- 
creases of ! 7,700 in December 
and 21,000 in January. 

In the autumn, ministers 
believed that the unemploy- 
ment trend had Battened out 
But the rise has averaged 
1 4,500 a month over the l are st 
three months, and 5,000 a 
month over the past six 
months. Department of Em- 
ployment officials said yester- 
day that the trend was slightly 

Lord Young of Grafiham, 
the Secretary of State for 
Employment, was cautious in 
interpreting the figures. “The 
February figures mean that it 
is not possible at this stage to 
say whether the higher De- 
cember and Jan nary figures 
were exceptions or marked a 
change in the flatter trend of 

work force, compared with 
14. 1 per cent in January. 

The February employment 
figures are the last to be 

published on the old basis, tkm of British Industry. 
The March figures, which will said:“There is all the more 
be. published in the middle of reason now for the Chancellor 
April, will be compiled two to pay heed to the CBFs plea 
weeks later than at present, for priority to be given to 
with the aim of reducing what measures to help the long- 
officials believe is an term unemployed'*, 
overcount of 63,000. The The CBI proposals are for a 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Lucky 1 3 for Bank’s 
historic stock issue 

unemployment total is expect- £] billion jobs package, to be 

ed to be cut by about 55,000. 

Sir Terence Beckett, Direc- 
tor-General of the Confedera- 

£40,000 cost of a job 

Regional policy created a 
total of 459,000 jabs in devel- 
opment areas between 1960 
and 1981, according to a study 
carried out for the Department 
of Trade and Industry. 

The authors, all from Cam- 
bridge University, calculate 
that the average cost of creat- 
ing these jobs was £40,000 
each (measured at 1982 

The report suggests, howev- 
er. that the costs varied widely 
between industries. In metal 
manufacture the jobs cost the 
Government an average of 
£367,000 each, while in the 
clothing industry the cost was 
£10,000 each. 

Investment incentives were 

the most important policy 
instrument. But Industrial de- 
velopment controls were the 
most cost-effective instrument. 
The least effective, according 
to the authors, was the region- 
al employment premium. 

The total of 450,000 jobs 
does not include the 154,000 
create d daring the period but 
lost throagh closure or con- 
traction by 1981. nor “second 
round’' jobs created in other 

However, the authors are 
careful to point out that the 
total measures only those jobs 
created in development areas, 
not the net effect of policies on 
employment in Britain as a 

matched by a similar contri- 
bution from business, to cut 
unemployment by 330,000 
within two years. 

The Charter for Jobs, the 
all-party pressure group estab- 
lished last year, said that the 
Chancellor should take up the 
recommendation of the Com- 
mons Select Committee on 
Employment for a guarantee 
of jobs for the long-term 

Providing 750,000 socially 
useful jobs over a three-year 
period would result in a- net 
cost to the pubb'c sector 
borrowing requirement of £3 
billion when the scheme is 
folly built up, the Charter for 
Jobs has calculated. 

The Labour Party's Em- 
ployment spokesman, Mr 
John Prescott MP, attacked 
the Government for the im- 
pending change in tbe unem- 
ployment figures. 

Cameron- Webb may pay 
flm to Lloyd’s agency 

Mr Peter Cameron-Webb, 
the former Lloyd's underwrit- 
er who is alleged to have 

By Alison Eadie 

Sir Ian also told names that, 
subject to court approval, Mr 
John Wallrock, former chair- 

derived personal benefit of man of Minet Holdings, has 
£6.5 million from the Lloyd's agreed to pay RBUA 
syndicates he managed, is at £250,000. Mr Waftrock's ap- 
an advanced stage of negotia- peal against a £500,000 fine 

Mr Lew Cartier, tbe 
food retailer who sold his so? 
pennarket chain to Tesco 
in 1979, is expected to make a 
£36 million bid for Nor- 
mans Group, the discount 
food retailing company. 

Mr Cartier disclosed last 
month that he had bnflt op 
a 9 per cent stake in Nonnans 
and wanted to join its 
board as chief executive. 

IBA refusal 

The Independent Broad- 
casting Authority has declined 
to meet The Rank 
Organisation to discuss its 
decision that a Rank takeover 
of Granada Group would 

Broker sold 

Union Bank of Switzerland 
will on Monday become the 
100 per cent owner of Phillips > 
& Drew-, the stockbroker. At j 
the same time the new group 
will become the owner of 
Moulsdale, the gilts jobber. A 
new subsidiary, Phillips & 
Drew Moulsdale. will be a 
recognized gilts market mak- 
er. capitalized at £25 m il l i on. 

Bid talk 

There was strong specula- 
tion in the stock market 
yesterday that Norton Opax 
may bid for its bigger printing 
rival, McCorquodale. Shares 
in McCorquodale dosed 9p 
higher at 175p. 

Crucial vote 

Williams Holdings con- 
firmed that it will not proreed 
with its offer for McKechnie if 
McKechnie's shareholders 
vote m favour of the acquisi- 
tion of Newman Tonks at 
today's meeting. 

Receiver in 

Mr Richard Turtoo and Mr 
John Collins of the Notting- 
ham office of Spicer and 
pegier have been appointed 
joint receivers of J Barlow & 
Co (Nottingham), manufac- 
turer of knitwear and socks. 
The receivers hope to sell the 
company, which employs 270. 
as a going concern. 

lions for a settlement with 
Richard Beckett Underwriting 
Agencies (RBUA), the agency 
which look over the PCW 

The settlement is believed 
to include the sale of Mr 
Cameron-Webbs house in 
Long Island, New York, and 
could involve Mr Cameron- 
Webb paying back Si. 5 mil- 
lion (£1 million) 

imposed on him by Lloyd's is a t Lloyd’s to work for a 
dreio be heard before Lord settlement of the PCW affair. 
Wflberforce in June. Our impression is that 'many 

Mr Cam eron-W ebb’s settle- participants in the market will 
ment is believed to have the support such a move.” Mr 
agreement of his wife, because Peter Miller, chairman of 
the Long Island house is in her Lloyd's is known now to 

Court, as is who receives the I 
money. AUA3 is trying to find 
out if the names on former 1 
PCW syndicates are entitled I 
to tbe money directly. 

Sir Ian said in his 
letter, “There is a willingness 
at Lloyd’s to work for a 
settlement of the PCW affair. 
Our impression is thatmany 
participants in the market will 
support such a move.” Mr 

name. RBUA started legal 
action against Mr Cameron- 

favour a market solution. 

A standstill agreement on 

Webb,. Mr Peter Dixon, Mr any legal action to be taken by 
Wallrock and others involved PCW names expires at the end 

in the PCW affair in 1984. Mr 

- The information merged in Dixon has been assessed by 
letter to former PCW names ’ the court to owe £7.2 million 
from Sir lan Morrow, chair- with damages yet to be as- 
man of AUA3, the agency sessed. 

appointed by Lloyd's to man- 
age the closure of the PCW 
syndicates in place of RBUA. 

SE delay 

By Gnr City Staff 

Merrill Lynch, the large US 
securities broking house, may 
have to delay its proposed 
entry on Monday on to the 
Stock Exchange floor because 
of restrictions being enforced 
by the Stock Exchange Coun- 

The council has told Merrill 
Lynch that once its subsidiary, 
Merrill Lynch Equities, starts 
trading on the exchange, the 
parent company must stop 
trading in American Deposi- 
tory Receipts in world mar- 
kets outside exchange hours — 
at least until October when the 
rules are to be changed. 

The requirement to stop 
trading ADRs outside ex- 
change hours appears to have 
come from smaller members 
of the exchange. Larger mem- 
bers, planning links with ma- 
jor financial instituions after 
big bang in October, are 
unlikely to be behind the 
move since the future partners 
of many of them trade ADRs 
as Merrill does. 

The plan to allow Merrill on 
to the exchange at this stage is 
part of the so-called little bang. 

All tbe settlements readied 
by RBUA are subject to 
approval in the Chancery 

of March and a decision on 
whether "io. commence litiga- 
tion then or seek an extension 
of the standstill wiD have to be. 
made. Sir Ian says no decision 
to commence litigation will be 
taken without consulting 

Pound and dollar fall 
in volatile trading 

By David Smith 

The pound and tbe dollar Martin, vice-chairman of tbe 

both lost ground, particularly 
to the mark, in another vola- 
tile day in the currency mar- 
I kets- The pound closed in 
i London below DM3.30 for the 
, first time. 

Hie sterling index foil 0.6 to 
74.7, but the stock maiket 
rose, encouraged by improved 
export prospects and the like- 
lihood of lower base rates next 
month. The FT share index 
rose 11.3 points to a new 
dosing high of 1281.5. 

Tbe pound ended 60 points 
down, near the day’s low at 
$1.4832. But the dollar, was 
generally weak, testing the 
DM2.20 leveL 

Comments by Mr Preston 

Federal Reserve Board. I 
helped the dollar. He denied 
that a further meeting between 
the US and other Group of 
Five members, to discuss the 
dollar’s fail, was planned. 

Money market interest rates 
in the US were generally 
lower, adding to speculation 
of an imminent reduction in 
the discount rate. 

Oil prices were again weak 
and weighed on sterling. Brent 
crude for April deleiveiy was 
below $15 a barrel a factor 
often associated with the 
pound's weakness against the 
mark. Yesterday the pound 
foil 4 pfennigs to a new low of 

John Harvey-Jones: “ICI 
deserves higher share price” 

ICI profit 
to £91 2m 

By Clare Dobie 

! Imperial Chemical 
Industries’ pretax profits last 
year dropped to £912 million 
from £1,034 million the year 

Even so, the figures were 
slightly better than expected 
after poor results halfway 
through the year. 

Fourth-quarter profits were 
£195 million, £13 million 
higher than in the previous 
three-month period. 

ICTs share price rose 2 Op to 
927p on yesterday's an- 
nouncement but later fell back 
to 92 Ip. 

Mr John Harvey-Jones, the 
chairman, said exchange rate 
movements reduced profits by 
between £50 milion and £70 
million last year but the recent 
drop in the value of the pound 
against the mark, together 
with the recent fall in oil prices 
would help the petrochemicals 
and plastics business this year. , 
The fertilizer market was ex- 
pected to remain difficult, 

He argued strongly that ICI 
deserved a higher share price. 

Tempos, page 23 

Sterling’s recovery against the dollar, 
and a rising US bond market, spared 
the authorities the embarrassment of 
not getting their historic issue of 
stock away. The £800 million of 
Conversion Stock 2005. announced 
on Tuesday and sold out yesterday, 
is, it will be recalled, the first 
conventional issue with a yield below 
1 0 per cent for 1 3 years. 

This, as the marketing men say, 
was the stock’s unique selling propo- 
sition. But in the current mood of tbe 
gilt market, it would have taken 
something fairly dramatic to upset 
ihings.As it was, even a volatile 
foreign exchange market and news of 
still rising unemployment left the 
market in a good mood. 

Demand for the stock, which went 
to a half-point premium, was widely 
spread. However, tbe pound’s foil 
against tbe mark and yen has 
probably served to persuade for- 
eigners to keep their powder dry for 
now. This makes the bulls think even 
better may be in store. 

The partly-paid stock, with £20 
payable on issue and the remainder 
in April and June, means that the 
Bank now has around £2 billion of 
calls outstanding. This is perfectly 
logical when set against tbe £4 billion 
ofredemptions due in the April-June 
quarter but it is a situation, as Robert 
Thomas at Greenwells points out. 
which has on previous occasions led 
to the market foiling on its face. 

He suggests that net funding in 
1986-87 is likely to be around £5 
billion, compared with £3.5 billion to 
£4 billion this year and an average of 
£7.75 billion in the previous three 
years. Gross funding, assuming 
slightly less than a third of scheduled 
redemptions are in the hands of the 
non-bank private sector, needs to be 
£7.5 billion in 1986-87. 

Peter Fellner at James Capel thinks 
that tbe authorities will take advan- 
tage of the market’s more optimistic 
perception of the effects of lower oil 
prices and that more partly-paid 
stocks like yesterday’s can be ex- 

Neill at the double 

The inquiry into regulatory 
arrangements at Lloyd’s promises to 
be a thorough, yet swift, affair. 
Submissions must be in by March 27 
and Sir Patrick Neill hopes to be able 
to report by the end of July. 

The political pressure, which 
forced the Government to appoint 
the Neill inquiry, was directed largely 
at trying to bring LLoyd’s into the 
ambit of the Financial Services BilL 
But LLoyd’s claims that having its 
own Act obviates the need for further 

Sir Patrick, however, will not baulk 
at recommending such a constitu- 
tional change if he feels LLoyd’s is 
not providing as good protection for 
its names as the new legislation will 
provide for the rest of the investing 

Sir Patrick is well aware of the 
.differences between names, who ac- 

cept unlimited liability, and the 
rather less exotic investor who buys 
unit trusts and life assurance. He is 
also keenly aware that he will be 
making comparisons with a moving 
target — the Financial Services Bill 
could be heavily revised between 
now and July. 

The terms of the inquiry, as 
outlined by Sir Patrick yesterday, will 
include the areas of controversy that 
have dogged Lloyd's in recent 
months, the role of the chief exec- 
utive and the composition and 
functioning of the ruling council. Mr i 
Ian Hay Davison, the outgoing chief 
executive who resigned when he felt 
his independence was being threat- 
ened, Hill no doubt have some 
interesting contributions to make. 

The three-man inquiry may also 
look at the flow of information from 
Lloyd’s to the Director of Public 
Prosecutions. Suggestions that 
Lloyd's has not co-operated folly with 
the DPP in trying to bring offenders 
to court have infuriated LLoyd’s. 

Other matters to be examined, and 
of interest to PCW names, include 
the possible creation of a compensa- 
tion mechanism for names who have 
suffered losses not arising from 
normal business. 

Sir Patrick will be collecting views 
from LLoyd's, the names, members 
of Parliament, the Securities and 
Investments Board and interested 
parties in the City. Four or five 
submissions have already been re- 

Sugar’s sweet irony 

S & W Berisford stepped in quickly 
yesterday to reassure the market that 
talks with the Italian Femizzi group 
were in their infancy. As well it might 
have done. For two regulatory issues 
of exactly the kind Mr Ephraim 
Margulies, the Berisford chairman, so 
much dislikes stand in the way. 

The first involves the undertakings 
given to the Government about 
British Sugar. They covered running 
BSC as a separate company produc- 
ing separate accounts, and no trading 
by Berisford of Tate & Lyle products. 
Will a privately-owned Italian com- 
pany have to give the same undertak- 
ings ? Tate & Lyle and the National 
Farmers Union undoubtedly will 
have some reflections on the matter. 

The second issue is European. 
With BSC under its belt Femizzi 
could have 30 per cent of the 
European refined beet sugar market 
Is this a dominant position within the 
meaning of EEC competition policy ? 

It would be ironic if shareholders 
grateful for an opportunity to bail out 
Berisford at anything near the going 
price found their escape blocked by 
the regulators. It would also be 
awkward for Berisford and Mr 
Margulies. whose attraction to suitors 
is unlikely to be enhanced by the 
long-delayed audited accounts from 
Spicer and Pegier. 

BHP stalls Holmes a Court bid 

The bid by Mr Robert 
Holmes & Court, the Austra- 
lian financier, to take over his 
country’s biggest company 
was stalled yesterday after his 
target won a temporary court 

Broken Hill Proprietary 
(BHP) successfully opened a 
last-ditch legal battle on sever- 
al fronts to prevent Mr 
Holmes & Court's official offer 

from going out to the multina- 
tional group's 180,000 share- 
holders. . 

The South African-born 
businessman launched 
Australia’s biggest takeover 
bid, worth almost AS3.5 bil- 
lion (£1.64 billion), three 
weeks ago. 

Mr Holmes k Court whose 
companies already hold al- 

most 19 per cent of BHP, has 
bid for half of each BHP 
shareholding, a move which, if 
successful, would give him 
effective control. 

But BHP yesterday won a 
temporary injunction restrain- 
ing Mr Holmes k Court's 
company, Bell Resources, 
from taking any further action . 
until a court ruled on two 
BHP cases relating to the bid. I 

BSC expects first profit in 12 years 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

ie state-owned British increase onbasic rates over 12 
Corporation is on course months and a 2 per cent 
mini to profitability for consolidation of existing bo- 
lime m 12 vears. but nuses over 15 months. 



ABN 12** 

Adam & Company 12*** 

BCCl 1£* 

Citibank Sawn^t 12** 

ConsoMaied Ctds.. 12t*% 

Continental Trust T&fh 

Co-opera&ve Bank T2h% 

C Hoare & Co — 

LLoyds Bank «... 

Nat Westminster ........... 

Royal Bank ut ScctianC — 

TSB - IM& 

(ate* aw 

f itangagB Ragftue- 

The state-owned British 
Steel Corporation is on course 
to return to profitability for 
the first time in 12 years, but 
the incoming chairman, Mr 
Robert Scbofey, warned steel 
workers yesterday not to 
expea profits to be used for 
paying higher wages. 

As both the corporation and 
trade unions prepare for the 
opening of wage negotiations 
next month. Mr Scholey said: 

[ “We are a long, long way from 
putting profits into the wages 
bllL We need a robust cash 
flow to finance new technol- 
ogy and wages cannot be first 
on the list." 

He said the BSC manage- 
ment regarded present private 
sector pay settlements as as- 
tonishing: “They cannot af- 
ford it any more than we can.” 

year, tbe craft and 
general unions in the steel 
industry agreed a national pay- 
rise with the BSC, the first 
since 1981 following foe 
corporation's, move io imple- 
ment locally-agreed deals. 
This gave a 3.25 per cent 

The industry’s main union, 
foe Iron and Steel Trades 
Confederation, won a further 
1 per cent on basic rates to 
lengthen the deal to 15 months 
and move the settlement dale 
to April 1. . 

Sir Robert Haslam, the 
present BSC chairman who is 
to tpW-i; over from Mr Ian 
MacGregor as chairman of the 
National Coal Board on May 
1. said that since 1980-81 
productivity had improved 
from 14.5 man hours to 
produce one tonne of steel to 
6.7 man hours today. And 
from a peak of 220,000 work- 
ers, the corporation by next 
month would be down to a 

labour force of 61 , 000 . 

But, he said, unions and 
workers should be warned 
against complacency. “Just to 
be financially viable we need a 
profit of £2u0 million a year 
and that is the next yardstick 
we are looking for.” 

Robert Scholey: warning 
against pay rises 

increased by only 1 7 per cent. 
Sir Robert said. 

However, with a stronger 
mark — the marker currency 
for steel raw materials and end 
products — and a weaker 
dollar, the corporation had 
improved its position in the 
first three months of this year 
With manufacturing at home 
still depressed, the BSC will 
now hare to concentrate more 
on exports, particularly in the 
newly deregulated European i 

Sir Robert urged the Gov- 
ernment not to break up the 
core steel making business as a 

S elude to pnvatization in 
lure years. But both he and 
Mr Scholey have emplrasized 
that the corporation's costs 
could be cut substantially by 
concentrating output at fewer 

In the first half of tbe concentrating output 
current financial year, which sites. 

ends next month, the BSC 
made a prefax. post-interest 
profit of £21 million but the 
third quarter was poor due to 
increased costs and currency. 

Between 1 980 and 1 98S, the 
corporation's costs rose by 35 
percent, but the selling prices 

Tbe Government has in- 
structed the BSC to keep open 
all five integrated steelworks 
until the autumn of 1988, but 
after that the future of the 
Raven scraig works in Strath- 
clyde and of the Llanwern 
plant in South Wales remains 
in doubt. 

Britain to i 
Opec talks 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

Non-members of the Orga- 
nization of Petroleum Export- 
ing Countries (Opec) have 
been invited to Geneva by the 
oil producers' cartel to discuss 
the collapse of oil prices. 

The meeting will be held 
before the full Opec ministeri- 
al meeting, scheduled for 
March 16. 

But Britain will not attend. 
The Department of Energy’s 
view is that North Sea output 
is a matter for the operating oil 
companies, which should be 
allowed to set their own 
production schedules. 

THe most likely notv-Opec 
participants will be Egypt, 
Mexico. Oman and Malaysia. 

Mr Ali Akbar Velayaii, the 
Iranian foreign minister, said 
yesterday the meeting would 
be open to all Opec members 
and non-Opec oil producers 
wanting to benefit from collec- 
tive measures to halt tbe 
decline in prices. 

North Sea crude prices have 
fallen by half since December 
to $15 a barrel. 

Although trading in the oil 
markets is reported to be 
extremely light, as producers 
and customers await the out- 
come of the Opec ministerial 
meeting, foe pressure on 
prices is still downwards with 
prices quoted yesterday for 
April delivery in the US again 
being just under SI4 a barrel. 

Oil output up 

Indonesia has raised oil 
output lo about 1.35 million 
barrels a day from the 1.19 
million quota set by Opec, 
according to a mines and 
energy ministry official. 



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■N« w York (AP-DJ) - Share 
prices edged modestly higher 
in heavy trading yesterday as 
the blue chip index received a 
strong helping hand from the 
shares of Eastman Kodak and 
Union Carbide. 

The Don- Jones industrial 
average dosed op. 4.24 at. 
1,696.90 after spending a vola- 
tile day swinging on both' sides 
of Tuesday’s dosing leveL 
The finish fell short of a new 

record and the. 1.700 mark, 
which traders said is proving 
to be a fairly strong resistance 
level. The bine chip indicator 
made its first intra-day probe 
above 1.700 on Monday; bat 
then eased back to close at its 
record high of 1.698.28. 

N York 1A75S- 

The index made two poshes 
above the 1.700 mark again 
'yesterday., reaching a session 
high of about 1,704 with 45 
minutes left in trading. 

Feb Feb 
26 25 

Feb Feb 

28 2$ 

GW .toymen art Co report 



Cfeerfrtg Bar*s *2% ■ 
finance House t2 

Hacoutf MbMCImh % 

OmmighHMe 12* Low 10 



ii > J | 

1 » J- I Irj I .U 


■ r v/.Vr.v, ' 



mzL« ici.oo 
mans ious 

Cash _3S2SOaS£50 {Wheel. 

UtobMooBM ■ iestfcy . 

. 155-15*6 
. 161-1KLB 
IS 7MT2 
. 171-1708 

7 days 7*-7»» 


from? 12*3* 2 mnS 12‘» 

3mn8) 12* 3mnth 11% 

Prtmfenk m* (Dfscoutt %» 

3 ninth 12 a #-12 8 *i 2rartb l2'n-12s» 
.Stnrth 12-1 1 a, » Smith 11»«*-11*u 

748*8 4*4* 



1 rnlh 15'S. 2 m 

7 days 9%-9X ■ 
Sw$»Fanc . 

7 days lOa-W 

1 mirth 12 '** 
3nwft 12% 

2 mnth 1Z**» 

6mntt 11»r ■ 

7 days 6 n w6 1l u 


cal 8%-7% 

1 month 7“/u# 

6mon2»7®/ u ws 
fid . 54 
1 month 4*4% 
.6iaontha4*w-4 J '» 
fid 9%-8K 

1 month 1254-12 ■ 
6 months t 2 *- 12 * 
cat 1%-% 

1 month 4%-«* 
fimonti»43% . 
cal 6-5 

iraangt 6*-6* 
6maM »S MS 




Overnight open 12% dose 11 
1 wmk 12%-12*« 6mnOi 11%-11'*w 
1 mnth 12”*-12 *m 9 orth 1111-11% 

3 moth 12»w1254 fSntfi 11"#-11»ie 

Local Authority 

2 days 12 % 

tmrtft 12% 

Smith 11% 


7 days 12% 
3mnth 12% 
12mm 1154 

Gc ta$34a3 ra«7.oo 


1 mnth 1354-13 
3mnth 13-12% 

9 mnth 12%-12% 

ta 1354-12% 
6 mnth 12%-12% 
12mth 12%-IZM 


StafOagCOa flU 
1 mnth 12 %- 12 %' 
Sronfli 11%-11% 

3 mnth 1254-1254 
12 mm 

Fixed Rata Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average referen ce rate for 
interest period Jamianr 8. 1986 « 
February 4, 1988 Inctosfre: 13077 per 

1 mnth 7.75770 
6mHh 7.75-7 JO 

3 mnth 7.75-7.70 

Prices on this page refer 
' to Wednesday's trading 




Three Month 

Mar 88 

Jim 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

US Treasury 

Mar 88 

Jut 86 

Sap 88 

tarfng Opm . Mab Low Oaee ExtVW 

88.00 8801 8724 88.00 635 

8820 8&91 8821 8827 1422 

B£34 69.40 8923 8928 240 

Kn *“**>*> ™ 

92.19 9222 92.17 9220 2437 

92.10 9210 9209 8211 128 

— : 9122 9122 9129 9122 202 

104 87 

700 sao 
iss tie 

319 245 
183 123 
120 88 
111 83 

10* 182 
58 tr, 
3P* ZS 
383 312 

m 6< 

B0 72 
720 52B 
171 111 

tie tr 

127 95 

Ana Anar 3 

Do Cta 
Oroywa Oons 
Dcayna Far Ees 
Drayton Jon 
Drayton Procter 

•-1 . Mr 20 329 
.. 28.1 n 27 322 

-1 42 21 348 

-1 89 28 487 

«.. 4.4 27 SIS 

+ ■> 08 QJ 

• .. Ur 2S41J 

♦I • U 08 .. 

27 47 321 
.. 07 22428 

.. 24Br 88238 

• 21 28 400 

• .. Ur 27 38* 

4-18 aoor 4,234* 

•-i Hi m .. 

• . . t2D 10* 127 

Enafeb tat 

_ Prwrtaue dBYs tool open Irmrest 2948 
91-07 91-22 91-04 91-21 4906 

9W7 9922 9907 9921 295 

HIT 0 

Mar 86 _i. 

Jutisa _ 

; 97-45 ; . 97-86 

96-Tt . .96-26 

> w ■: * 

Prarious rise's I 

Engem m 

ITS Alma 

FVs Scot Am 

FVit UnQan 

Mar 88 

Jim 88 

i | SS.d 

5 IBS 1 * 

Jon 86 

Prertxa day’s 1 

6 iisa 

11329 11506 11»a 

115-03 116-08 115-03 

tt open internet 7778 
11&06 7882 

152.10 153^0 152.10 
15330 15550 15330 

Previous day's 1 
0 152.10 

116-06 2050 ' 

116-27 0 

11627 0 

rt open interest 17S1 
153,65 317 

15535 63 

BfloVng T4C6 
Rwnlng IMror 
For Oa 

.. MJ 

• .. 14 . 

•-2 1 * 

-2 182 

-i oa 
♦t 44r 

.. 50 


• .. U 
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-1 LBr 
- iLSr 
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e-3 84 

• .. u» 

• -1 124 

.-1 14 

• .. 84 

-2 .87 -- 


•-1 .-'28 
. M 
7.1 r - 
+'r 2J>r 

8T JepMl 
General fins 142 

•-T 20 r i* 8B4 
• -1 24 24 874 

. Kir 
U . 
.. U5 
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+1 21- 
I .. 2* 

83 . 

21 : 

♦1 128 < 


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tie i 
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.. 20 * ! 
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15D 4436* 
28, 84 282 
107 . 4433.1 

i. 7.1 .24424 

4*1 . . 

.. *4.1 24420 

-1 84 £4 551 

I* S3 387 

-•* 24-20 482 

-2 107r 24 844 

-1 64 24504 

+2 254 SO 21.7 



WurtiarttMltt' .. 220 34 154 


Ante . or* 1* 34 204 

BdommO . . 5* a .. 814 

Mn* Attorn jW -4 80 43 124 

08% MM £TT* • .. 884 44 122 

Do* CT7 • .. 883 4.1 120 

08% MM or. • .. 684 44 122 

Do 'A‘ CT7 • .. 884 4.1 120 

Been 138 v-1 8* U 89 1 

&0T«t ' HJ2 • 4jQ 3J K1 

Emo .4*2 44 14183 

EtttKMm n .. 20 uuj 

F mn A u n m 482 .... 7.1 1*209 

Fron dp BO .. 87 2218* 

Boeder 8 14 88 •.. U 28 287 

HaMenooAMn Kin. .. 25.7 1 22174 

■CH . WO • -4 a» 08 74 

MAI 380 4 . 229 84 84 

M20 770 • .. 21* 2123* 

urataNom JO e-2 xu 04 92 

rmei»w K~, -i*i as MTU 

Dowm- -ti -i 

SMSrBRMn 201 -3 S3 U 234 

M Oiler Ong YW 

BKi Otter Ong YU 

BU Otter Ong YU 

BU Otter Ong YU 

Otter Cteig YU 


80. Hotterttum Rd. O o u nnmwfli BH8 SAL 

0345 717373 (UltAMI 

Wgh tec Eouty 

WatMto Band 
Amertun Omwffi 
Aian Pacific 
Assets & Earns 
Captal RBoanm 
Comm • Enannr 

1124 1199c +0.110.01 
25.9 -DIM -03 5*2 

ean/uMu manaust 

74-7B Fteabi BY F wn rt London 6C2A UD 
01288 2777 DMtoff01-63a 0*78/9 MoneyCuMa 

.Euro T« Aeon 

Qanwat Tra 

am UB4 -1.1 048 
213.1 2227 -14 298 

1721 18*2* +1* 427 
1454 -ISS.Ite -0* 088 
•14- -4*2 -0.1 24? 

Growth Qat - 

^ater Co s 


iS’Sdrt. tec 
Da Acorn 
US Gnargng Co'S 

”614 814c — ..'’ :: 
644 684c +0.1- 1 JB 
752 794 -04 198 

1289 1379« -09 348 
589 629 +04 .. 

8*1 90* -0.1 1J0 

120* 129.4 -0.1 .. 

872 614 -0.1 043 

1BS4 1974 -04 360 

5«4 SB* .. 1.72 

AAed OuOar Centre Swextoi 6 Ml 1 EL 
0793 8103 GB 8 0733 28231 


- tec 8 Grower 1884 9014 ■ - 1.1 438 
Nal NWi Inc 1869 1992 -07 490 

rw SAOM 184 184# . . 994 

CcmmttS (V 127 8 13B3 -0.7 2*2 

Franoai Secs 404 434 -02 248 

Goto 6 San 189 21.4 -02 298 

HLateure is* ic.« .. 071 

Prop Sims 562 9B4c . . 1*8 

Unte Enerny 407 434# +04 090 

Wane T«3i 429 454 -02 068 

.Arnar Growth 955 1019c .. 327 

Amur Income 357 605 +02 543 

Anar Smalar CD's 234 252 ..149 

Aim Growth 829 689 -0.1 053 

EuoSmalar 1Z9 139 ..0*2 

IterEan _ 362 385 124 

Hong Koog PH 233 249# +4J2 376 

me Grower 315 aaa -04 210 

•MpinPart 444 479# .. .. 

jm*n S amar 110 139 .. 

Exairt 749 78J . -02 365 

Enanrt Martcai 6*7 677 ■ ..4.14 

5&s 67* ... om 

se* 'mo -o*. 2 ia 

1272 1357# -155 

36. r- 384 -a* 205 

Fhst TiuM 
Growth & mean# 
Capital Trust 

Wgn income T# 
Eaisty tncome 
Htfl Y#U 
ten Secs That 

-Japfli Fund 729 774 

Pacrte Trust 1775 1359 

AfnwSpetHts 629 8U 

Sacs oTAmer 7« 192.4 2D49 

AU Asset VUue 2045 2179 

GIB Growth 350 335 

Smalar Co'S 1089 1154. 

2nd Smacar CD's 1435 1529. 

Recownv Trim 724 775 

Mat Mn 8 Cowry 817 874 

Csaas Eangi 1754 187.0 

Tactnoiogy Tm 885 9*3 

tecama Enmpr 1139 120.7 

2084 2204# -03 3*8 
1254 1335 -03 143 

2118 2342 -0* 290 

33*9 3547 -09 330 

5114 5442 -14 112 

282 31.1# .. 434 

2299 2449c -02 490 
1229 1309# -02 540 
1309 139.4 -02 544 

284 30.0 ..960 

803 734# .. 135 

729 774 .. (UJt 

1Z75 1359 +0.4 131 

- 0.1 122 
-0.7 087 
-05 346 
.. 399 


London EC4H CBA 

01-623*680 , . - . . . . % _ 

Anadcari Fund..; »7 7J6 -0.1- 028 

CapKMftWt c. 1-.. 481.7^ TOU -83- 044 

Ovnaca team 820^80* 404 4ir 

Fkad teterwsr 54* 577 ..994 

Kauai Has Rod 484 *92 +0.4 492 

EWtpau Incoma 81-1 66*# +01 375 

N Anar Try* 1102 1174 

ftecownr 1692 taoo 

SteTnU _ 374 384# 

St MncaM tec 782 788# 

SI vtoent us Gar 70 a 734 # 

1 Tamp# Ba 9>t cos 1417 wu 

ecus 1W4 m? -02 128 

-COihc 9*0 1002# +02 291 

can - 989 1081# +03 291 

1 100. VM Georgs Sc. 1 
041-332 3132 
, n aa n can go tec 
DO Acorn 
te ca ma GUI he 
DO Accuo 
Senses CO* tec 
Do Accan 

n j mmnos BAiecuwrrTmgT teAucBts- 
LgJ3? if? .““s 5,.FteytetthjBt Bun 

wn 217918 nrx , w’ 1 V * 

, IteUx o a So# CDte 1082 1W2# . -02 
HabrosNAnar 835 675 r -05 
HteMiJtetFE 089 924 +05 

Itewbro a gcandwi 68* 729 '+05 

Hsrrfcrcn CtTCpssn 8*8 80J '-09 is CBnadan 423 484 : +0.1 

Kambroa Baity Inc 754 809 -03, 

Hoobrai mjpVc 532 5840 -02 : 

itemta ua Am Aam 534 58*# -0.1 . 

™ Grown 

9-1 7. P arryme c n r Ad. 
0444 458144 

ttoywana Harth 

BS Firnd tecama 
Oo Accum 

1084 1150# -at 295 

2nd Sorter CD'S 1435 1529c . . 262 

Aacamy TruM 729 775 -04 241 

Met Un S Cowry B17 874 +011 227 

asm Eanam 1754 187.0 -1 0 317 

Tsctnotogy T« 885 9*3 -07 085 

tecama Exempt IT 39 180.7 -04 548 

Enoin Smalar CO'a 20*1 2163 ... 248 

UBAfeanp Tool 3137 3315c -14 1.44 
131. Ftaatxay Panmani, union EC2A 1AY 
01-828 9870 01-280 854071/2/3 
Capital Growth tec 54.1 574 +12 1.83 

DO Aceum 604 645 +1.1 193 

Eaown 6 WB 101.6 1066 c -14 1.B3 
Do 6% WVhdrawa) 564 584c -09 t.83 

Fteancn & propoly 563 802 +1.1 £41 

G* « fixad tecama 48.1 438# +13 899 
Do Aoun 759 789# +15 899 

Gnuei Aoom 
Oo Incoma 
Wgti Income 

549 5&7# -O* 428 
924 • 085# -05 .. 
1114 1202# -0.1 £1* 

17*8 1874 -^02 .. 

112.7 1205 -Ot 241 
59.7 642c -0.1 744 

701 73* ■ ..59* 
56.7. 989 +12 120 

592 BIT. +0.1 020 
33* 387' +03 331. 

131 * 1413 . -05 am 
292 312 +ai 200 

Am WlA. Torttttgc. TWB 1DY 
0732 362222 

American 833 988 

Am# Equity tecome 309 314# 

ABM Spoil Sts 479 509 

Far East tec 277 285 

OR 3 Hod ter 2S2 305 

Growth B Inc om e BCL2 065 

Japan Spadai 5*» aat 32 . 1 a 

JapuTiwl 86.7 823 

Mnemd M Tat 1169 12*8c 
Mcx tecome Eouty 68-1 783c 
Profession* G* 309 325# 

South East As# YU 25* 27.1 
Spadai BBS 1347 14*1 

-02 081 
.. 549 
+02 0*5 
-02 370 
.. 837 
-4.1 450 
+OI .. 
+OI .. 
-12 038 
-ai 5*7 
-02 298 
.. 035 
-43 1.17 


Hie Stock Exchange London EC2P 2JT 

01-588 2868 

8 Oro ^a i. London EC3A SAN 

A w n c i r Exoapt £34*6 3622 .. 142 

Japan Exempt £2795 2884C . .139 
AID Properly To si 07954 . . 776 

Propaiy Trial £20874 .. 6.10 

Hgh toeome Inctau 685 712# *i.i 3.72 
Do Aceum 15*3 1650# +22 572 

Hteh YNU teooma 885 71.1 c +14 836 
Do Accun 1897 1814c +2*836 

Mine 659 709 .. 2E0 

Do Am • • 672 -714 + 0.1 260 

DO S% WWxtvd 639 683 +0.1 290 

Managed Fund 572 603 +14 . . 

Prataence teams 205 203 +0211*8 

Du Acorn ' . 827 86.* +0511*2 

Smsler Coe lacoma 1194 1272 +14 1.65 

Oa Accuav. - .1282 137.1 *1.1. T.65 

World Penny Sum - -9.1 3.7 +ai 1*1 

Ptrfafc Tm UK 71.7 743 +12 1.70 

PtrtDS0T«»>Vi- 889 71* +a« orttr 

PorrkBO Tu US 724 7*6 -02 147 

P0Rk*> tm Euvpe 885 91.7 -14 aio 

Partfaea T« UK - 404 415 -14 OIO 

General tec (4) 
Do Acorn Ml 
(name Fuw g 
Do Accun (3) 
In8 tec |2| 

Do Accum Q) 
SrraBer Inc (St 
Do Acorn (5) 


1869 1985 
294 4 309.7 
93-L 38.1 
1600 1844 
1112 1162# 
1474 1535# 

01-628 5181 

Amer 8 Gen Inc 
Da Acorn 
Amer lUn#rt tv 
Do Aram 

CmOi YU tec 
Do Accun 
Ccn* IGBIx 
Do Ac am 
Extra tee TU tec 
Oo Accun 
incoma -T m 
□ o Aceum 
tm Oowth FtJ tec 
Do Acom 
Japan 8 Gen Inc 
Do Acorn - 

.. 2.60 
+ai 2.60 
+at 290 
+14 .. 
+ 0211*8 
+0511*2 ; 
+14 1.65 
+1.1. T.tB 

+ai i*t 
+12 1.70 
+ 0.6 orttr ■ 
-02 147 

-i4 aio 
-i4 aio 

«5. Htah Hoteora London HCfV 8P7 

CS Japan Fund 

^C^gCWay. Wamttay. HAS ONB 

Growth ' 262* 2791 r ,+Lt 11 

282* 2791 ^ ,+Ll IIS . 
3009 3204 -: 482:492 
_ 4«9 1+87 „ *3.T a«a^ 
1324 un* -84 096 

3. Oettas St. 
031-225 2581 (0 

W Ex 029 
Japan Sj +31 

UK Ex (31| 

Fax Pens M 
P'S# Pens UK 
BG America 
0G Enwgy 
BG Incoma Gnrdt 
BG Japan 
BG Technology 

txxgti BH3 6YY 
1X031-226 6068} 

3794 3358 '.. 128 

245.1 2S54# .. 034 

1772 1885 .. 1.49 

3688 3882 .. .. 

147.1 1544 .. .. 

150* 160.0 -34 059 

1109 1180 -14 1.72 

1742 1854c +1.1 528 

1243 1323 -09 0.00 

163.1 1738 -22 194 


25/26 Ateemtim Street. Lonoon W1X 4AD 

01+91 0295 

Amman 479 512# -09 098 

Aiotiatan i&i 184 -as £98 

Japan & Genera 739 794 -02 Q22 

I4gh Inaxne .. *2.1 ,45.1c +07 795 

imn ma tot u l Trust To* 753 +03 1.15 

team GDI TM 43.7 «69# -0.1 4*8 

Q#s 4 Ftaed tot 6&2 69.7c -09 549 

GkMf Markets 334 35.3 -OA 2.12 

Spaoel soaoone 41J 4*7 +03 150 


Uncorn House. 252. Random Rd E7 
01-534 5544 




1889 MS5 
801* 2143 

aum Aram 
Do income 

Exempt TM 
Exhe Income 


GN 5 Fixed Inc 

japan a Gan tec 
bo Ace 
Growth Accum 
mam Trust 
Sperai SMoesna 

Trustee tad 994 1062 

Uw Teen Aram 4B5 B15 

Oo Incoa# 482 512 

Wom M a B Trass 1315 13>» 

"B" Tu In* FUU Acs 2869 3155 

DO tec 1615 2069 

612 623 -03 £42 

1280 13B.1 +13 143 

315 3TJ +03 133 
8*4 884# -42 324 

395 9 421 1 +1.1 4.03 

673 715 +01 8.70 

2132 2288 -05 327 

2375 2S£6# *02 338 
1296 1379 -03 3.18 

51.7 Mil +0.11002 

118.7 1282c .. 049 

1189 127.4c .. 0*8 

1884 1765C -05 265 

3039 32238 +02 392 

743 784# -0.4 169 

1289 1374 -03 £59 

172.1 1834 -06 £75 

993 1052 -03 £15 

485 SI 5 -02 093 

482 512 -02 083 

1S15 138 fi# -0.7 122 
2864 3155 -12 £51 


Narrow Plate. Brmol B3H OJH 
0872 277719 

GmwU Ecuty . - . 349 ».! -Ot 

C«lBY-HMt tecama 87.1 3BSa -0.1 

0# * Fiwd lit GDI Z72 290 

MMx SecuriOas 23.7 £55 

county aam w rutumo 
161 OieapMte. London EG2V 6BJ 
01-728 1999 

Chun Aram 
Exha name 
On srategy 

281.7 2784 -05 193 

413 43.9# -05 591 

1473 1561 -03 858 

1342 14£7# +<U 260 

Growth terxsmjwx 28a* Z774 
teooma 8 Growth 375 399# 

^ana» 8 Pactec ioai li&O 
m Amer oranvi K* 101 * 

Mh Amer aown 
fntl Reeewiy 
Sealer Cob 
G teoat tec Yu 

*+ 101.4 -08 1J7 

101* 1075# *41 845 
1842 1869# +05 £48 
519 55.1 e -Q1 832 

Bote Roo. Qwttennam, Omroeater <£43 7U> 
02*2 S2i3ii 


PO Boa 158. B e d u rta m . Kant BR3 , 

01056.9002 . 

Growth 8 tec 
Do Accum 


First snoSa Co's 
tat Ewuee 
tat N Amer 

489 8£t - 

43.1 460c 
9*2 1007» 
566 834* 
0&6 KL 2 x 
406 -639.. 
739 7R9# 

71.1 78.0 
5 85 8199 
844 902 
47 0 502 

-03 080 
+02 090 
-09 050 
>03 230 
-04 £30 
+03 030- • 
40.4 030 
-08 0J0 
. £70 
-01 080 
-02 3 40 

|M Batenced tec 623 065 
GoAraxn 823 685 

UK Growte Accum 889 713 
UK tl^l tec tec 80* 84* 
N Amatcoi Aram 80* 8*4 
Far Eastern Accum GO* BJ« 
Ejurcpean Accum 8*8 BBL2 
UK I H Inc 50* 539 
Do Accun 50* 539 

-0.1 341 
■4L1 301 
-0* 175 
+0.1 5*3 
+0* 156 
+03 029 
-06 128 


waj/hHoura 41. tternn^nn Garda#. Union 

Endwance 854 101.7 . . £44 


Wnchesur Hs* 77, London BAN, London EC3N 

Jl-MB 6830 

59 GnshamSL London EC2P 2DS 
O 1 - 8 O 6 4433 

eawTABu UNns AOMBTiwnoN 
061-238 5885 

tea Groom 708 795 -02 193 

1 , America? Oreenti S93 83*# +0.1 195 

American lee 882 OL7c . . 641 

’Euqpe#) Growth 187* 1784 -12 029 

GcU8 Mnerale 430 4S9 -03 195 

ITT 8 1S.7# +1*1121 

EOuMte Fefican 

Planned tmr 
European lac 
Do Aran] 
General Inc 
Do Accum 
avuti IK 

..DO Accun 

Han rate tea 

Da Aram 
ten meoae 
tte Accum 
N Ameoean tec 
Do Aram 
tterae teftxne 
Oo Atom 


Du Aector 

1079 11*8 
76 3 801 
935 984 
1402 1*88 
1899 201* 
1112 11*7e 
171 1 1784 
767 819 
1484 1504 
1755 1886 
1783 1873 
4*1 474 
51 1 513 
1015 107.1 
11*4 1202 
688 71] 

. £13 
-OO 138 
-14 138 
-0.1 3 76 
*ai £78 
+•4 958 
+05 989 
.. 8.16 
.. 6.18 
-03 027 
-03 027 
-02 140 
-02 140 
-03 OH 
-43 050 
♦ai £17 
* \ . *rr 

Mten Meome Trust 
Ga 6 Axed tnt 
TM Ot rm. Tna# 
9080* Sts Truss 

Nth Arret Tnnt 
Fir Eastern Truet 

682 717 
684 703 
493 5Z3 
5 85 63** 
70.1 745 
318 GS2 
594 634 

! UC Spec « Opps 755 812# +0* £23 

ft^&gwiga. 6C3P 3DN 

OK & RxM tat 113* 1 
Growth Eguey i9*.i 2 


SL^Ce^ge Hm Orartm 9L Goeney CVt 

020 5S3231 

UK Growth Aram 1385 1452 

Do neons 12Q.1 T277 

HteMr tec Aram 2154 228.7 

Do tecena 1764 i»4 

ooajrttao Aram 954 imoc 

Od tecome Bz* to 7c 

atet Aimr iv Ararat 1274 1 
Far Ees ts Aram 1074 1 

OK & RxM tat 113* 1178* 

Growth Equtt 194.1 2065 

&*»«■ Z7BJ 2894# 

N Ammcan 1309 1382 

Pucrtc 1555 1655 

nopmry 9wn 2134 2794# 

Sorter Canp W e i 191.0 2012 

EixOpem Trim 1859 2073 

-09 £74 
+08 £18 
-12 107 
-47 £14 
+02 091 
-£1 1.78 
+19 192 
-as 059 


PO Bn 44£ 33 81 M#y-ar*#L London EC3P 
OT-823 8333 _ 

G7J W2' J£1 2.73 

61 J 885# +05 129 

779 829# +05 054 
874 1779 -05 220 

S£3 6S.1 -02 £14 

883 725# ’ +41 831 
882 812# -0.1 495 
92.1 Hi +02 048 
BIS 1002 -0J 15* 

Or (am) 081-028 



Americans put the 



_ .is an international 
*? d ^ vin 8 force is no 
longer London, where cau- 
tion set in after the terrific 
increase in the share price 
? nc * September, but Wall 
Street. The Americans, who 
probably account for 14 per 

t^o new super-effi- 
10 try to reduce 


Despite this and depending 
as always on currencies, prof 
ns could return to around the 
£1 billion mark this year. If 
so, the shares are trading oh 

UKf 1/1 timar “j 


more to go. 

Yesterday's result was 
enough to add 20p to the 
share price taking it to 927p, 
compared with a September 
l ow of 632p. But the figures 
wre feirfy unexciting in 
themselves, showing a fall m 
frjl-year profits from £1,034 
Bullion to £912 million, 
which was as much as was 
expected after the third Quar- 
ter. • 

The Americans, however. 

TM^ni Vi j per cem wtlq oje 

dividend increase still leaving 
the payout below the 1979 
level in real terms. If that is 
good enough for the Ameri- 
cans, it should also be attrac- 
tive to domestic investors. 

AAH Holdings 

full-year outcome will de- 
pend on March's wintry 

Pretax profits of £16.5 
million would put the shares, 
up 3p at 220p, on a p/e 
multiple of 14, offering a 
likely yield of 4.9 per cent. 

Royal Insnrance 

Royal Insurance kicked off 
the composite insurers re- 
; season with a pretax 


• ENSIGN TRUST: All con- 
dmons attaching to the offers 
made for the issued A ordinary 
and B ordinary share capital of 
Commonwealth Development 
Finance Company have been 

Mtefied or waived and 
252 been declared un- 




mteiim in lieu of 

rapitaliaatioa of B ordinary 
shares to holders of B ordinary 
in proportion of 1.386010 new B 

f?J£ VCTy 100 a *£"** ****** ™ 

£000. net revenue lor the year to 
January 31 after ah chan 
including tax was 1368 (116 

Tav rfnrtiarl TlA M/L1CS - 


‘Barometer’ share success 
boosts prices further 

Ttarkei mivH. ■ 

AAffs acquisition of Vestric 
has significantly shifted the 
seasonal and divisional bias 
of the businesses as well as 
tnakiiig it the largest British 

nharmaroitrinfila a 

.. Ajnerieans* however, mRknig it the largest Britis 
are anticipating good profits pharmaceuticals wholesaler, 
tins jyrar wth some forecasts Pharmaceutical sales and 
ashigh as £1.2 billion. While trading profit increased six 
that seems overly optimistic, times to £399 million and 
“tere are good grounds for *7.8 million respectively for 
optimism, especially for the the half-year and, for the first 
seorad quarter. Ume. this division is likely to 

This year the old-fashioned he die biggest profits earner 
»m modify chemical bust- m a full year. 

St thnnlrl <>nmo r With . ... 

ness should come to the fore, 
ft vnll receive a threefold 
benefit from prevailing eco- 
nomic conditions, in particu- 
lar, the fell in oil prices to S 1 5 

a barrel will mean much 
lower raw material costs. But 
this benefit will be partially 
offset in the first quarter by 
stock losses of between £20 
million and £30 million. In 
the following quarters, how- 
ever. the effect should 

With the cost-cutting at 
Veslnc largely completed by 
the previous owners, ma rgins 
have swollen and last year’s 
roll-year pretax profit of £3.1 
million has already been 
smpassed. To make fuller use 
of ns distribution network, 
AAH is now exp anding into 
own-label pharmaceuticals 
and has made a small start at 
broadening its product range 
with soaps and toiletries. 

An end to the -miners* 

w wibbi. suuiiiu be 

BOMS** "H*** "" ™ “ «“ miners’ 

cbntmue to strike enabled AAH to re- 

bStwh^hJ^^ areB00d Jock its fuel business inlfo£ 
Si- ^ben ^eSheil/Bsoeom. for the wmter weather, but 
plex at Mossmoran starts to ' t ' _ ’ • • - -- 

operate at full capacity, the 
market may be over supplied. 

Equally important is the 
rail of sterling a gainst the 
mark. Last September when 
ICTs shares were at their 
lowest, there were 3.8 marks 
to the pound. Now there are 
33. As every 10 pfennig off 
the sterling exchange rate 
adds £50. million to annual 
profits, this fell, if h holds, 
could be tremendously im- 
portant because a large part of 

ICIs sales are priced in 
marks or related currencies. 

Meanwhile, the rise in 
sterling against the dollar 
means that commodity costs 
are coming down in sterling 
ttrnis. On the other hand, the 
dollar s weakness spells prob- 
lems for most of the growth 
businesses, especially phar- 
maceuticals. that sell into the 
American market 
. ^cultural groupi ng 


demand ^ ronine ntal services. Even 

^ ^ withVestric, the final quarter 
ole. in J?’ ■ exam ~ is still the most important 
ramJSi^h!l 0 ^ Hy fe^ and after the feiriy mild 
mpetmg heavily and IQ is December and January, the 

this led to a tripling m 
interest charges. During the 
dispute, with the help of 
thscreet imports, AAH en- 
joyed surpisingly good mar- 
gins so although volume is 
now stronger there has been 
no leap in profits. 

However, road haulage has 
held on to much of the 
increased coal traffic and 
Supamix, which sells mainly 
to the NCB, has returned to 

Solid fuel volumes have 
not recovered to pre-strike 
levels, partly because of 
cheaper oil which has also 
meant stock writedowns for 
AAH’s fuel oil business. As 
the oil price slides, AAH 
tends to lose customers from 
solid fuel without folly re- 
couping the business on the 
.fuel oil side. 

The bad weather is crucial 
for fuel sales but tough for 
builders' supplies and envi- ’ 
ronmental services. Even 

at £ 41 .4 million, although the 
breakdown of profits was not 
quite as expected. 

Britain did better in the 
fourth quarter with a pretax 
profit jump to £22.6 million 
from £9.2 million, but Aus- 
tralia did much worse. A 
sharp rise in claims costs for 
workers’ compensation 
pushed the Australian busi- 
ness into a fourth-quarter loss 
of £15.7 million against a 
profit of £4 million. Royal 
has now withdrawn from 
workers' compensation busi- 

The United States, where 
Royal has 45 per cent of its 
business, continued to see 
heady rate hardening. Com- 
mercial multi-peril lines in- 
creased by 66 per cent in the 
final quarter, on top of a 32 
per cent increase in fourth 
Quarter 1984. The rate of 
increase is bound to slow in 
1 986, but Royal may be 
tempted to start cautiously 
adding on volume after a 
static 1985. 

The outlook for 1986 is 
encouraging. Canada, which 
produced a pretax loss of 
£24.9 million against a 1984 
loss of £12.8 million, is 
believed to have touched the 
bottom of the cycle and 
should now show the same 
improvement as the US, 
though with a nine-month 

Britain is a slightly un- 
known quantity because until 
the present big freeze be- 
comes a thaw the level of 
weather claims will not be 
known. Motor rates, which 
went up 15 per cent in 1985, 
may rise further as the in- 
creasing claims frequency 
Shows DO sign Of diminish ing 
Royal’s shares have per- 
tonnoi strongly, rising over 
. 200p ui the last four months 
to 888p yesterday. In the 
short term they may well 
underperform, especially 
with winter weather claims 
thudding in. . 

"...But in the long term, with 
“Pecrations of pretfot profits 
of £170 million 'to £180 
million this year and £300 
million in 1987 as the insur- 
ance cycle climbs back up 
again, they are stiU a buy. 

7j nujuuunuK 

Half year to November 30. do 
dividend. With figures in £000, 1 
grass profit was 387 (29 1L 
E? a £j 0 “23 Anribul aNe 

Joss 24 (42J. Loss per share 
0.98p (I.68pjiTbe level of loss I 
was anticipated by the directors. J 
Group s principal trading com- 
pany. Main met, contributed 
Profit of £24378. Mainmei 

S £ L- rc e ord a satisfactory 
prom tor the current year. 

The stock market experi- 
enced another extremely 
buoyant session yesterday. 
Fresh institutional buying 
from domestic and overseas 
investors encouraged by 
favourable trends in the econ- 
omy boosted share prices io 
peaks and with stock increas- 
ingly in short supply, double 
figure gains were frequent 
The pretax profit from the 
market “barometer" ICI 
a liule better than 
expected and this gave equi- 
ties a fimber boost just as the 
pace began to flag. ICI closed 
Mp higher at 912p but other 
blue chips” recorded rises of 
up to 20p. 

Gilts sex the tone at the 
outset with demand swiftly 
exhausting the new convert- 
ible lap 2005, the first to yield 
under 10 per cent for more 
than three years. 

The stock ran out half a 

comment in The Times , up 
I Op to 596p. p 

Banks faired well again, 
nelpra by cheerful comment 
in the Wail S freer Journal 
which took the view that 
Mexico's debt problems were 
not too much to worry about. 
Lloyds, where dealers ex 

Lloyds, where dealers expect Defence stocks were excited 
pretax profits of around £570 President Reagan's wish for 

million todav. rose fin m afn n more US snenrimo Rririck 

Builders benefited from the 
trend to cheaper borrowing 
with Barra tt Developments 
another 6p up at 150p. Recent 
good figures continued to 
support Alfred McAlpine. at 
3S4p. up I Op. 

Defence stocks were excited 

company has purchased for ■ 6 l — »“■ « 

cancellation £614,1 10 of new n PO/M above the £20 partly- 

Per cent cnnvrihi— i raid r * — ^ 

— — — "T.1 IW UI IICW 2 1 

per cent convertible unsecured 
loan stock 2003/2004. 

Company has acquired the 50 
per cent of Audio Visual TV 
Producers Online Productions 
owned by the Online manaae- 
meoL and Online wifi become * 
wholly-owned subsidiary of 

• A£?° : Company has 
reached agreement with Plastics 
Specialists and Technologies on 
the purchase of their Wilson- 
hiberfll mternaiional division. 
•AVTER HTTAM: Interim 50 

Mtrvvi 5 r Sei &.r Wlth figures in 
MSOOO, for half year to Decem- 
ber j I profits before tax nucre 
4J08 (5.609). tax 2,615 (3,066). 
““jragsper share 34 sen (42k 
dividend for 1985 (ml). With 

Group and the software com- 
jany, Vohnac, are negotiating 
the formation of a partnership, 
which wifi develop software 
packagK specifically to auto- 
mate information processing for 
insurance brokers. 

tenm dividend l.5p (1) to 
reduce disparity. With figures in 
*B0p, pretax profit was 1.01 1 
(810k lax 250(95). Earnings per 
share 4.6p (4.4p). ^ ^ 

0.810(039), making 1.4p(1.05) 
for 1 985. With figures In £000, 
P^ profit wasl5 2 (587). tax 
(70). Earning per share 
5.57p (5.86). Results are a 
record for the- group. Earnings 
per. share are slightly down, 
mainly because of increased lax 

■ — . ™ *-u poniy- 

|»id issued price. Quotations 
then suffered a bout of indi- 
gestion so that initial rises of 
more than half a point were 
pared to around ihree-eigfnhs 
with longer dates pending an 
eighth or so easier. 

However, there was no sign 
of equities running out of 
steam. BOC Group at 325p, 
British Telecom at 2036 
Glaxo at 983p, and Lucas at 
62 Ip were *mong those to 
take the FT 30-share index to 
a record with gains of between 
op and 20p. 

The 30-share closed up M 3 
points at 1 28 1. 5 and the more 
broadly based FT-SE index 
rose 14.9 points to close at 

.Only Beechaxn bucked the 
trend at 365p. down 13p. after 
a newspaper suggested that 
metger talks with Unilever 
had been abandoned. Blue 
Circle reflected favourable 

j ‘“wuuvi WfU 

million today, rose 8p to 487p. 

Dealers were a little disap- 
pointed with the £41 million 
pretax profits from Royal 
Insurance. Some optimists 
had been hoping for around 
£50 million but the shares 
quickly bounced from the 
initial downward reaction to 
finish just 4p down at 876p. 
General Accident, next to 
report on Tuesday, added 5p 
to _ 828p but Commercial 
Union, with figures on the 
same day, ended unchanged at 


Food retailers had another 
good session with Dee Corpo- 
ration. at 275p. and Kwick 
Save, at 264p, around lip 

Commodities issues were 
stimulated by the Italian 
bid approach for 
S&W Berisford. which ex- 
tended Wednesday's late rise 
by another 6p to 1 92p. Ranks 
Hovis. in which Berisford 
noldsa mere IS percent stake 
put on Sp to 191 p while Tate 
and Lyle at 60Sp and Dafgety 
. P shared sympathetic 
-Op increses. 

Bejam jumped lOp to ISOp. 

It is understood to be benefit- 
ing from the cold weather 
which is raising the price of 
fresh vegetables. 

Stores improved again with 
the mortgage-lending battle by 
the deanng banks a helpful 
factor. Harris Queensway 
gained 12p to 242p on revived 
rumours of a bid from Wool- 
worth, 13p better at 491 p. 

more US spending. British 
Aerospace zoomed up 27p to 
535p while Plessey at 212p 
and Racai at 200p improved 
around 7p. Racai shrugging off 
rights issue rumours 

. Motor distributors re- 
«ived a boost from the T 
Cowie profits, doubled at £4 
million, H Young moved up 
P, 10 168p in sympathy. 
Marley eased 3p to I08p on a 
report that Norcros. up 4p to 
^24p. had sold its 5 per cent 

High-technology companies 
continued to reflect a recent 
circular from Simon & Coates 
on recovery prospects. 
Comcap put on 20p to 70p and 

JSST . ,5p l0 - 225p - In ron - 

lras «« eIeo,e * nx slumped 14 d 
to 90p ahead of figures due 
next week. 

Recent good figures sup- 
ported Waterford Glass, at 
11 2p. up 8p. Kwik Fit was 
marked up 7p to 8 Ip after a 
buy recommendation from 
James Capel. 

Horizon Travel, still excited 
b L’ l i® IEP Securities stake, 
added 5p to I23p while Bass, 
with a 12.5 per cent stake in 
Horizon, gained lOp to 695p. 
Mount Charlotte eased anoth- 
er I tep to 89p on further 
reflection of the figures. 

price of 2!5p ■ despite 
adverse circular from Lain} 

Rock ware added 5p to f 
on talk of a 67p offer on the 
ble. William Baird climl 
another 20p to 540p. Deal 
are looking for a subsidi 
sale rather than a bid for 

An encouraging report 
Humbly Grove help 
Carless Capel, at 80p. up 
Marinex improved 8p to I 
in sympathy. 

Fading bid hopes 
MEPC 1 5p lower at 35 3p 
renewed takeover speculat 
lifted Brown Shipley 20p 
460p. Britannia Arrow 9p 
147p and Pearson Group 
lo 485p. 

Lower profits hit Good I 
la lions, at I20p. down 6p. 
good results strengthened V 
Jacobs I2p to JO^j in spite 
a cash call. Gross prospc 
boosted Wire and Plastic .' 
to 395p. Polytechnic Elec 
advanced I7p to 235p in fn 
of today's interim. 

• Calls were produced 
Norfolk Capital. Hai 
Queensway. Pavion. Yc 
shire Chemicals, Templet 
Cantors A. Geor^ Wirnp 
Srars. Telemetrix. Haw 
jmicon. Electronic Rent 
Kwik FiL Beaison Cli 
Evered. George Dew. Jack 
Exploration. Beecham. Pt 
land. Rainers (Jewelle 
Amsirad. Premier, BI 
Berkeley and Hav t 
InvveslmenL No puis w 
arranged and no doubles w 



Abbott Mead V (180p) 22 

Cable & Wke/r 3 ^ - 1B 

Oiart FL (86p) 

Ctemcery Secs 
Cranswick M r 
Davidson P h 
Diatene (128p) 

Ferguson (J) (top) 

Sranyte Surface (56p) 

I npco (55p) 31 

JS. Patho^y (iBOp) 263 up 3 


Templeton Galbraith and 
Hansberger made a quiet 
debut at 21 6p against the offer 

KfearfokJ (11„ 
Lexicon (115pj 

•Macro 4 (105p) 
MenvaJe Moore 
Norank Sys (L, 
ReaHy Useful (; 
SAC Inti (loop) 
SPP (125P)™ 


Tech — ^ 

118 dn 2 
115 dn 3 

>) 368 up 2 

W^coroe.OZOpl^ 171« 2 dn1 
W York Hosp (90p) 80 


Cray Bee F/P 
Hartwells N/P 
Midsummer N/P 
Peel Hides F/P 
Porter Chad F/P 
Safeway UK 
Stormguard F/P 
Wates N/P 
Watshams N/P 

{Issue price in brackets). 



75 up 2 
475 dn 5 
3dn 1 
£42 3 « up s ia 
18 up 1 
24 dn 1 


Blue Cirde 
BT 203p 


I Ptessey 

A McAlpine 
J BiDam 
Waterford Glass 
T Cowrie 
H Voting 
S W Berisford 






UJDp ■ 

9S3p - 
922 p- 
704p - 



384p - 
98p - 
- 45 p 

81 p 
116p + 
168p + 

191p • 
273p + 

NV: Final dividend 1.4 
roaring. 2 guilders 
ioSs 6 ^ ^ r n?n^ - income in 

imiiE™- 91 ? S™? 0 suUdm 

(1.113 billion). Net income per 
share 4.26 guilders (5.27). 

Royal Insurance 
Preliminary Results for 1 985 

General Insurance: 
Premiums Written 

Underwriting Balance 
Investment Income 
allocated to General 
Insurance Revenue 

General Insurance Result 
Long-term Insurance Profit 
Investment Income 
attributable to Capital and 

Share of Associated 
Companies’ Profits 

Profit before Taxation 

■Minority Interests 

Net profit/ loss before 
extraordinary hgfn 
USA relocation costs 
(less tax) - See note 1 

N et pro fit/loss after 
extraordinary item 
Earnings per share 
-See note 2 
Dividends for the year 
Pence persh are 

Transfer from Retained Profits 
Capital and Reserves -See note 3 

Year ‘ 














— 110.0 








• 112 

(credh) 0.4 





— 6X1 








-62 J) 


^l,S30m j 

Th ^ 01 ?S?2 aiterresult ^ ^ m increased pre-tax 

r|et™s^s* eto,alprofii 

• final DividenAAfinal dividend ofl655p is beinc 
recormneiwied to produce a total dividend for the 
year of25.75p, an increase of 8.4%. 

• ftroestmentlnaxme. Total mvestrnent income of 

“F* 35 ” “ sterling tenns by 93%. The 
underlying increase in local currencies was 10%. 

ooc^ eral 5 S,ira ^ lce income rose by 

m sterling; the underlying increase in local 
currencies was nearly 24%. 

• Lmig-tecm insnrance profit increased bv 22% to 


• B ^ ^^Accounts far 1985. The resultsforthr 
year 1985 rontamed m this statement, upon which the 
auditors have not yet reported, constitute abridged 
accounts wnfain the meaning of Section 255 of the 
Companies Act 1985. The audited Report and 

^ be posted to shareholders on 
IstApnl 1986 and delivered to the Registrar of 

£ST24^^ AnaUal 

Royal Insurance 


Record Interim Results 

9 months to 
December 1985 

% change 
over 1 984 

£71 5m 

+ 100% 

£ 1 1.7m 

+ 76% 

1 2.02p 

+ 55% 


+ 10% 



Profit before taxation 
Earnings per Ordinary share 
Ordinary dividend per share 

* “A fundamental change has taken place in the size and 
shape of the Group." 

* Pharmaceutical distribution business takes a major 
step forward.” 

* “Based on the performance of the enlarged Group to 

date, I am confident that the year’s results will be verv 

Bill Pybus, Chairman 


For further information on our current year progress write for a copy of 

Interim Report to the Secretary, AAH Holdings pic, 76 South Park, Lincoln 
LN5 8ES. 

Royal Insurance pic, Group Head Office, I ComhUl, London EC3V 3QR 



From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price mou*nicm». Add Them 
up io give you your overall loiai. Check 
this auinsi ihc daitv dividend figure 

Equities surge 

C ublished on this page', if a marches you 
ave n»n outrisht or a share of the toial 

have won outright Or a share of the total 
daily prize money suited. If you arc a 
* inner follow the claim procedure on the 
hack of your card. You mmi always have 
your card available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began Feb 24. Dealings end March 10. §Contango Day March 10. Settlement Day. March 17. 

§Fonvard Bargains are permitted on two previous days. 

■Nil romnuv 



Hfln Lew Company 

□hr TO 

Pree Oh^e ponce % P/E 

70 33 Snub St Aupyn 
5 jj 419 swocnart 
746 603 Unton 

152 56 Wagon 

5S% 36% Wife Fjrge 

280 220 Wnrua 

Rjcai Elect 


Whuwonh Eke 

Thom EMI 

35 .1 id U u 
494 +2 *11 15 7.7 

673 7 9 67.0 

15Z .14 ost ias 

T53% ♦% 

2SS • 71 20 162 










Tavlpr Woodrow 

Barren Devs 


Ahcrdom Consu 


Lain/: cJi 



Clarke (Clitmeni 




Dans £ Neuman 

BPoheT McConnell 

Bums- Anderson 

Cnuan Dc Grool 


Roihschild (Jl Hid 

Bank of Scotland 

C Times Ncuspaprrs Lid. Dailj Totnl 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend or fJO.OOO in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


















+ % 

13 0 



+ * 











♦ '« 






+ * 






»0D'« +* 

77-4 .. 
86* ♦ % 
101% +1. 
96'f +% 

B4'i + '. 
107'? +% 
108'. +% 
81'. +4. 


87% .. 

102'. -V 
110 '. -% 




98*. -Vi 
110 '. 
B3V» .. 
115'? -•« 


92'.- -% 

71 s * -% 
98*. -* 




117* -* 

<OB% -*. 
90'. 0-V 


96'. -* 


10(P. 91% Traas 10* 2001 »"• -s> 

98', 89* Con. 8*.S30Q1 96% -* 

128'* 114' Tinas 14% 1996-01 1Z3% 

101'. 92 . Com ’0% 2002 99*. -* 

H4'« 10(7% Even 12% 1939-02 112 
99 90 Trass 9'.% 2002 39-re-*. 

101V BS'-Treas ’0% 20(B 100* -% 

127". 1 1?*i Tleaa 13'.% ZDOO-03 124% -'. 
113’. 101* Treaa ir.-% 2001-04 HCH. 

101 V V.Tusaa 10 % mo* 100 -* 
53>. 48 Find 3'.% 199MM S3'. - . 

97v BT'iCorv 9'.-% 2004 96'. -* 

21T. 20 eonv 9'i% 2005 a *20 20'. .. 

97 90** Conw 9':% 2005 96 . -* 

108'. 0*'. Each 10’.% 2004 104**-* 

122 -110 Traas <2V% 2083-D5 119'. 

8S’. 78': Traas 8% 20E-06 84'. -* 
1T5VI0Z Trass 11 >.% 2003-07 113* 

130* 115-. Trass 13'% 2004 08 127**-’. 
ET» 57 Tims &'.% 2008-12 ttS 1 .*.. 
83* 74* Trass 7'.% JSIMS 83'. 

124 ill Euh 12% 2013-17 121 +% 


41'. 36'. Corners 4% 
37V 33 > War Ln 3v% 
*7* 4i Con* 3'.% 
31* 28* Traas 3% 
26 . 23* Consols 0%% 
26'. 23': Trass 2*% 

index* linked 

)1B ;105 ;TnMS IL 2% 1988 
102'. 91 Trass IL 2% 1990 
114* tor Traas u. 2% 1996 
183* 96* Trass IL2'.% 200> 
I S3': 93* Tims 12'.% 2003 
106*. 96* Tress 1 J% 2«» 
103* 92* Traas 12'.“% 2009 
108* 97 Trass ILT',-% 2011 
91* 79* TIMS H2V% 2013 
99* 87* Haas IL2'.% 2016 
98* 88* Trass U-2V% SOSO 


225 90 

86 48 

32« 194* 
IB* 8* 
425 225 
15V 8* 
290 2l6 

*** asm 

479 332 
460 380 
MS 423 
4fl'. a-, 
27* 17*. 
42* 27 , 
72 32 
67 27 

107V *5«. 
3M 104 . 
157 74* 

372 J49 
K 55 
248 I3< 
3l 12V 
37? 273 
99- 61* 
38T tXt 
188 (38 
725 375 
514 346 
42 22 
818 398 ' 
S04 323 
270 173 
734 567 
103 68* 
358 103 
M 58. 
120 9? 
21* 13% 
294 e«8 



45 . 


.. 1 



62 . . 

— ’» 






87 112 


16 Or *6 9.8 


24 0 

5.1 85 


25 165 



79 117 


40 185 


145 . . 


60 . 


30 SO 


31 103 



0.1 .. 



55 .. 


H 116 



53 19 7 



34 128 



45 203 



31 259 



45 95 

17 4 

45 203 



73 197 


31 4> 

35 134 

58 74 


81 llo 



23 106 


77 76 


+ 12 


53 60 


55 215 

«* 151 


23 01 7 


53 142 


47 as 


12 169 

ABwHym 30i 

Bass. too 

Bdnaren 47 


Burner (HP) 187 

CBut l»nmaw) 
Dewran 1J A) 

Grams WlMtey 17S 

Greene King 203 

OroHWSS 278 

Harare B Hansons 457 
ngwanfl Dreii 74 

limvoordun DM 160 

teak DM 248 

SA Bremanes 
Scot & New 



mrobraad 'A* 

Do V 

Wlwraad hv 
WornTwnpDi 8 D 
Young "A 







43 152 






IT 92 





0.1 a 02 SJ9 






38 137 



dps vxttisirm 




0B 16.4 





30 120 



Barran Devs 




74 . . 



BatotfBen) Constr 



1.7 48 





+ 1 


15 <74 



Beaterd Concrete 



76 37.4 



Bret Bros 


• +1 


17 116 






37 129 



Btea Ode 




49 92 

BraMonaCtaud HOI 281 
BncKMuM Oudey 81 

Br Drartong 
Brawn t Jackson 



Burner) A Hatom 

138 U3M 
48 54 154 

38 53 152 

. . .158 

44 72 7.0 

4.7 42 12 2 


CakeeroM Rotay 



19 250 


Caawnl-R oedema 




30 .. 


Condro Grp 



3.1 211 





46 107 




• +« 


£5 60 


Croud) (Derek) 


5 8 306 


Dew /George) 


re +4 


16 14 



• .. 

25r 19 15.1 





11 115 





4.8 114 


Do 'A - 



60 95 


Futon Gp 


• .. 


63 25-4 






22 359 


Grawon (MJ) 







• .. 


54 104 


Hehcal Bar 



. . D 







43 109 


Haywood wrorams 



5.1 107 




30 138 





17 116 




18 98 





25 113 


Dp A' 




18 10.9 


Lawrence (Walter) 



52 f 

55 7.0 








Urn) fYJl 


0 +2 


19 127 




49 143 





54 117 


Mrosnaw (MaMar) 


• ■ 


18 13-7 

m Ay s Haasal 102 
MeJupina (Attad) 384 

Mayor HI 

Mk4t (Stanlsy) 
Monk |AI 
Mawiam (Joftnj 

— ■ — " — | 

ntnon/i#" »%» 

Pnoana Tanner 
Renats MM 
ragrf Cmnani 

Sharpe 6 Fofw 
Smart (J> 


Taylor WwWw 528 

T«k«y Group 

Travis 1 Anion ' 





wamngaan (T) 
Wans Ssfca' 
WWam Bros 

ntmoev (uaoroel 

i*n 52 .. 

172 4 7 92 

7.7 32 108 
0.7 32 . . 

93 7.4 17.0 

19.0 S3 25.1 

15.7 13 182 

83 42 142 
62 42 102 
43 43 3.8 

184 42 8.4 

182 32119 

155 32 15 0 
86 58122 

11.1 48 123 

88 52 120 

ia7 4.1 103 
33 3.4 14.7 

82 85 152 

11.7 22 172 

21.4 4.1 145 

72 42110 
113 3.1 122 

16 22 92 

100 63 292 
134 54 109 
104 41132 

57b 85 7.T 

1.4a 15 153 

*5° 13173 
42 22 15.7 


44% 23% 




93 . 



Atod Cotoatt 




10 175 






06 168 

JS 0 


Aixnv Cftamkai 



IB 67 






4 4 <17 


51% Bayer DM50 


- 1 ! 


7.6 . 





16 90 





41 165 



Br Banofe 


.. 956 



Canning £W) 




55 136 






16 138 





46 aa 



Do A' 

115 . 


5.7 55 



Cary (Horace! 




4 1 17 







72 14* 








• .. 


4 5 172 







43 90 



HaWoaa (James) 



4.1 10.7 






SO 10 

HoadM DM50 
imp Qw ind 


Rasbraok HUgs 

WDWwmaone RWi 
Yonarera Osan 

443 45 9.1 
102 22 186 
43 42 17.1 

33 12 182 

3.® 32 100 
33 22 215 

11.1 54 95 
4.3 49103 


303 120 Angfea TV 'A' 
64 38 Orampan 

185 118 HTVN/V 
301 318 LWI HUgs 
268 128 Sera, T*>' 

186 110 TVS UN 
38 23 TSW 


































Aquascunjm 'A 



Beane (Jama*) 'A 



34 144 



_ Bernals 












Brawn (Nl 










Canma "A* 




CJ9KM (5) 








Cumbviea EnOT* 1 






Courts IF urn) "A 




Oewtora (U) 



Do»tms Grp 








15 203 

8> 58* Bfcs S GoyKtam 

BflO 3B0 Elys (lMnbMaon) 6S5 

178 92 Empra stores 

230 130 Earn 
98 27 Eaecuttx CMhBS 

139 72 FHa Alt D«* 

11 D 25* For] (Mann) 

186 143 Foi l m ala r 
392 182 Fraanans 

33 4,4 102 
122 29 322 

3 2 2.1 29.4 

42 30 24.8 
. D .. 142 
*.7 17 222 

110 79V Golfer lAJI 

154 GO Gem SR 

105 43 OoM&ei 

237 153 Goktare 
394 152 Granan 

13*684 QUS 
937 674 Do -A' 

2W 18B H*ns Ouaansway 240 
29* 22 Helene 01 London 27* 
39 21 Ho«a» 39 

S 240 Home Chmn 288 
93 House Q( Laron 129 
90 7i* Jonas (Emeu) 84 

38 21 Lkms Proa 24 

134 KJ LCP 134 

226 100 Lee Cooper 205 

945 370 Ubany IDO 

190 149 LneremOgM 178 
195 111 Marks 8 Spencor 190 
336 218 Menses (John) 313 
185 116 Miens Loan IBS 
615 JOB uass Bras 590 
150 84 MSS Nl W MOOTS 138 

344 (54 Net 340 

385 313 oarer (0) 

640 331 Ou. Pnca 
71 33 Pentn 

97 58 Petars Stores 86 

118 99 Praedy I Am ad) 110 

131 48 Ranre UMoaenj 122 

39 23': RayOadc 39 

315 155 ReUtAusM 315 

183 96 Do 'A" 144 

38 18 9 S V Stores 32 

185 118 Samuel (Hi 163 

80 2 Do A' 75 

197V 7B Sure 1» 

33 S 200 Simpson IS) 'A' 325 

320 160 Smut) (VVH) -A' 
84 31 Do 'b 

79 42 Stanley (AG) 74 

1(5 68 Ste>4«9 108 

336 273 SueenouM "313 

86- X- Sunn* GUMS 38 

SOI 313 SupOTrug Stores 446 

57 40 TamOjnsuBM 47 

62 27* Time Product* 62 

196 180 Untewoode If7 

487 287 Varmna VtyeB 454 

236 «0 WW Group £25 

328 203 wan Win 282 

148 98 WUaSl 100 

610 277* WoohrOTl 488 



1 1 



23 310 




40 185 









60 192 




35 114 




15 115 


• +2 


15 205 


• .. 


25 205 



40 2Q7 



32 ISO 




35 194 











40 120 



10 334 


17 1 r 

39 108 




10 64 




30 164 



38 .. 




2.6 200 


537 ITS 
388 63 
285 49 
90 28 

303 185 
60 25 

200 138 
308 185 
185 «3 
484 308 
208 104* 


Maine Comp 
Audm FvJefcty 
Aua Sac 






38 237 




a 4 ms 





05 86 



08 145 





12 125 




90 118 




04 65 




1 7 as 




4.9 134 

438 2SS ElaeBoaai 
65 38 Eto tt *. 

ICLOr 5 .1 114 
41.1 1.2 .. 

158 4.1 14.7 
102 la laa 
102 18 13.7 
99 4 0 31J7 

122 27 185 
BA A3 164 

S3 343 bq Signal 6 GOTDOtO 

200 130 Jones Stroud 175 

215 85 Kode 10a 

341 318 Lee Rerag Mj B u n 255 

142 +8 

187 *7 


304 «+4 

99 +4 

103 41 


388V 98 Lom 
338 230 MKB» 

405 235 Mamae 
335 34 Htra BS 
970 100 Mien) Rxxa 
98 33 hUHone Bee 

94 58 Murrey Beet 

45 16 Newm a n 

98 33 Muonone Bee SO *Z 40n 80 378 

94 58 Murrey Boct 60 -2 01 02 . 

45 16 Newnren 31 11 33 90 

£83 170 Newman (Uub) 370 • . . 181 7.1 I2J 

103* 76* NO 102* 42* IS 73 17 2 

172 22 Oceomca 43 1.1 23 8.7 

476 238 Oilord Mamnnei M 475 m*2 23 04 258 

58 43 Pet»w 48 I.B 3J 178 

44 24 n*eom 27 18 69 7i 

154* 95V Piaopa Hn 5*% £147 -M. 575 3 3 .. 

17* 18 PWtps Lamps N/V £16* 4* 

205 115 P8C0 190 73 30 104 

Iffll lit* Du -A' Ltd VBMB 145 7 j 12 73 

214 114 PtKim ^ 212 48 SJ 11 169 

20* 13* DO ADR 25 El 9* -J. 

166 65 Presaac 153 -3 11 23 223 

BO 22 Ouesi Auureatnn 30 -2 .... 144 

288 120 Rare) Baa 200 •«« 43 22 128. 

(98 (42 Baato*. 188 +5 O.T 3*116 

503 382 SchoteS IGH) 503 41 286 5.7 111 

86 71 Sionuck 78 4| 2.1 2.7 16J 

154* 95V PNOpa Fin 5 1 4h £147 4% 
17* 10 PWtps Lamps N/V £16* 4* 

73 3J 104 
13 52 73 
6 A 11 169 

-3 11 2j0 223 

-2 .. .. 144 

1*8 43 22 124. 

+5 (LT 31116 

41 288 57 111 

41 11 17 158 

140 21 Sound UflUdon 43 -1* 18 14 83 

289 72 STC 124 *4 . a .. 62 

197 137 SunaM 187 *+3 85 16114 

119 74 Sysam Dasanere 116 -2 16 15 418 

21% 10* TDK £13% 

230 168 Tetaphona DaUMa 208 -2 100 43 1*3 

400 88 Tetamaob 90 -14 15 2^ 5.1 

464 301 Thom EM 451 *44 25.0 55 151 

185 149 Thorpe (FW) 185 55 30 9 2 

385 (68 Tunsmfl Telecom 290 ..14 0.8 200 

274 156 UB 286 78 18 218 

308 173 UMacti 283 * 42 85 12 (4.( 

350 236 UW Leasing 251 -2 53 11 80 

270 ISO UK SoOTIae 170 *42 11 48 141 

370 244 VQ h u trumona 37D *2 17 17 32J) 

258 123 Vote. 250 «r4 114 4.B 10.4 

65 40 Western Setacmn 55 U 7.1 119 

103 SB Whnmn Bee 90 45 12 14 116 

32S 220 WhoMMto FMng 240 • . . 98 4.1 113 


334 210 MftigwoRh 
193 128 Arisen Him 
345 200 Antotegasta 

151 70 BarMay Tadi 

28* 17% Camera 

26* 17% Ca m rt t a 
218 159 Cendorer 
38 10 Cenoam 

38 10 Cans away 
20* 16* Equity a Gen 
253 120 Kanfcrd 
193 91 Ivory a Skua 
173 114 MwadW 
47 37 Nd Home LOOTS 

48* 38 Do 8% 

236 18 08 . 

165 118 9.7 19 

340 .. 208 &J» 55 

120 • 

124* .. 117 0.8 .. 

198 19 18 582 

18 -2 . . n . . . . 

18% 4% 18 68 84 

343 *42 104 43 348 

II 18 298 
69 58241 


1GG 128 ASOA-UF1 
27 18 Atvna DMc 

375 253 Argyf 
294 194 AB Food 
128 88 assoc Foherus 
679 SS9 Avan* 

4 1 18 119 
28 116 .. 

1 1.1 n 13 164 

260 195 Banks (Sidney Q 
13* 6 Barker & Oncaon 

311 183 Barr (AG) 

208 133 Besses Foods 
I2B 05* Beam 
195 140 Betam 
83 60 BkjeOrd Coni 

75 37* BT Yfmarn tmn) 

177 131 CadXiry-&tnMppi 
180 108 Carre Mftnh 
190 130 CMHkdaDahu 
183 115 Do 'A‘ 

315 119 CMtoa 

2B5 149 Dee 

171 94 Fisher (Ateert) 

313 193 FKCH Looal 
313 220 Glass Sow 

294 *410 aO 17 14.1 

124 •-! 4.6 3.7 368 

584 «-3 188 19 178 

2*8 • HI SI 73 

13% 212 

311 «+3 111 38 88 

IBS -3 9.7 5.2 10.7 

98 ■ .. 3.0 31 118 

18O 410 5.4 30 218 

81 74 9.1 23.0 

T1 -4 Ifl 18 162 

ifil 43 84 52 108 

173 .. 86 50 95 

190 . . 9.6 11 1*2 

183 ..98 52117 

J 7 15 284. 
2 18 217 

313 (641 148 4:7 2317 

8*8 548 Hxdawooo Foods 818 

226 160 Mbrds 198 »+3 

218 143 Msdown HUgs 211 43 

85 52 Home Form 3D 

812 389 icatend Froon 564 

264 170 KM* Save 262 4I1 

s«fl 47* Laos (John J) 106 • . . 

70 47 Low* IGF) 70 43 

638 498 Lera (Wm) 595 411 

595 2S4 MOThewi (Bernard) 5S5 45 

113 78* Meat Trade Stvp 96 *45 

ISO 94 Mention (W) 180 

270 197 MCMIMJN)(VM0)235 
83 87* Normans 79 *42 

3£H 704 NW1 F00« 292 *4 

170 ISO Hu row 6 Peacock 162 *2 

137 105 Parti Foods 130 *41 

196 122 RHM 191 48 

*85 340 Rownhwe Mac 435 -3 

196 296 SaHsbuy U) 38* 

145 117 SeNeaan (Chan) 143 

190 20 Somportai 
905 418 Tare 6 Lyre 
348 219 Tom 
252 140 iwgaw 
293 18* UfcTBteoMs 
158 90 WaMnSPDBp 

56 13 190 
.. 114 14 285 

43 44 22 174 

43 13 15244 

46 £8 82 
16 15 282 

410 88 18 182 

11 28 155 
+3 42 &1 507 

410 17.1 18 118 

45 111 IS2S1 

45 75 7.7 148 

U as 27.1 
75 34 185 
42 15 13 17.4 

44 10/s 38 15.7 

42 52 12 152 

41 54 42 111 

48 75 40110 

-3 182 17 113 

42 82 1.7 253 

-1 4.1 19 188 

420 314 52 122 
*3 7.4 11 24 4 

250 • 43 114 5.0 165 

108 48 111 

62 82 185 


125 275 Grand MM 421 *43 142 34 118 

262 188 Kennedy Brookes 256 11 08 132 

341 Ladbrake 357 45 15.0 42215 

155 348 Lon POT HUMS 450 . . 142r 12 195 

100 77 Mourn cnertottu 89 -1* 2J3 22 14.1 

1 12 67 ftmea 01 W Hotels 69 11 ID 114 

72* 48V Queens Mo« 70 22 r 11 19* 

■IS 353 Emmy HoBSs 'A" 393 18 09 (93 

78 29 Sudds 72 1.7 14 175 

169 119 Trusamaa Fong 181 re-1 78 45 168 












AC® Research 


• -2 

40 228 





• .. 


15 toe 




SB 318 










AWundra Wwoar 



17 200 


Amour mu 


SO 102 




• -3 


20 20.4 



15% AmtBuf 




Asti A Lacey 



78 112 



tos*£t Eng 6% 



• +2 

.. 564 
»7 .. 


tome Hear 



IB 7 

45 no 

345 218 Avon FUUrer 
81 25 Awvhre Meal 

211 52 JMA 

415 278 BET DM 
87 59 BETEC 

335 248 HOC 
443 296 BTR 
197 lie Barrack 


275 16O Baker Paruns 

175 54 BaiPO I 

165 112 Samar 

47* Mr 22 135 

29S -t 8 1 17 me 

79 -I 11 17 212 

196 +1 28n 15 245 

413 «+3 21 8 52168 

71 11 38 92 

325 *410 134 41 114 

*35 45 105 14 ZSJI 

189 118 83 10.6 

22* 23.7 

540 420 26.0 r 48 116 

289 41 102 38 114 

175 79 45 202 

158 -3 28 18 219 

49* 38 Barrow Heotwn 
210 130 Barron Transput 
61 23 Saynos (Cnanral 

198 138 Baotson Ctartw 
113 68 BaauMrd 

45 18 Banka 

19* 132 Benstord (SAW) 
US 73 Barrftords 

33 15 Benin (OF) 

?®5 250 B*oy U) 

isa 0 * 

Bwam (J) 

Brmva Quareas 

103 6i Beam (J) 

115 fl® BimVd QuHcav 

138 102 V B mii n OTom IM 138 

174 75 Black Arrow 188 

3*3 190 BM (Peter) 

44V 23 BacKwood Hod 

230 79 ButNcon 
331 223 Boduv McCorn 

274 1G0 Room 
10* 5* BOUKH (WBJ) 

368 214 Bowroar 
24 IS EK)wM87fne 
138 ?5 BrosPMtt Grp 

412 777 Brenner 
72 38 Brearty 

57 30 Hren0iean 

54 23 Bridgend Gp 

150 97 BrtdOil 

48V -1 34 70 145 

110 2S7 143 55 

28 • .. 12 78 . 

198 +13 14 4 7 9.4 

113 85 80 102 

385 -13 16.1 4 4 15. 1 

.. » .. .. 
25 +1 16 64 138 

193 +7 150 75 OO 

115 • 75 65 110 

119 • .. II 61 68 

279 +5 . . a . . 145 

440 *15 85r 28 553 

31* • lOr 83 7 7 

306 85 11 168 

185 -10 14.3 7.7 92 

98 +12 48 41 83 

115 *+2'i 5.4 4.7 95 

86 1814.1 
64 19 140 

24 1.1 198 

.. .. 17.8 

85 3.7 114 

♦1 .. .. 17.8 

*3 85 3.7 114 

330 +2 164 G0 13 B 

234 -1 93 40113 

9* +4. ... 

308 -7 115 4.1 114 

fl** +^ .. .. 

120 .. ISOnllLS .. 

381 .. 17 8 47 194 

I30o(05 .. 
178 47 194 
33 45 100 
II 63 125 

(J) Thors Vreipsperv i Ja’rtrd 


£ 2,000 

□airas required for 
+47 points 

Claimants should rios 0254-53272 

97 70 Brawn Boren Kant 86 15 42118 

31 10 Bulgn (AF) 'A' >3% -* 19 14.1314 

309 » CASE 122 +8 19 I.B 102 

653 440 CaHa A WfcgtaS 640 «+10 196 £1215 

378 195 Camnridge Sac 310 +2 102 3J 142 

220 136 CAP Gp 220 •+£ 11 18 . 

93 26 CNorida 44 -i .... 108 

226 129 Do 7'A CPF 185 

270 193 Comcap 270 +20 17 062L0 

305 200 Clay Bao 300 • . . 45 15 348 

340 98 Crystatete 188 +0 61 1112)! 

65 61 Dare Boa 75 re+2 84ft 85 245 

180 97 Dataser* 178 1.0 05 .. 

37 ’i S^-hOTt'A - 33 • « 45 74 

315 245 Dmno 315 •.. 25 08 213 

46 31 Doming A Mb 43 10 47 13.7 

208 134 OuMtf 184 48 11 142 

438 255 E k aimnui ann *28 +3 78 18 26.4 

is 36 BaccOTc Macn «5 *+2 VO 15 898 

95 39 QectronJc Renrata 50 •+> 45 9L2 19.7 

270 156 Emeu LidNm 272 +1 78 28 266 

an 250 Eirotnerm 3S5 • . . 55 18 19.1 

KB 138 FotnBBM 223 +3 29 15255 

184 104 Fsrrana 112 4 U 1.6198 

1ST 89 Rret Castle EMc 197 +7 38 15 17.1 

-40 20 Ftwrnrd Tech 33 .. .. a .. 167 

220 ISO GEC 004 « *4 55 25 138 

184 94 Greowmor 99 +4 85 83 85 

129 78 Mtjaano Baa 103 +1 35 35 112 

■63 130 fit 163 1 7 1 0 20.4 

*» 230% CoAsOT 
Z72 131 Copt AMMO 
70 22 Gopson (F) . 
75* 96 CoMft 

185. 99* BmnartGindry 181 
IS 115 Braii 6 Eng App 125 

184 114 Br Suren 
146 77 Br Syphon 

Z» 1» BrVka 
383 227* Braun M 
48 2* Bromwore 

6.1 45 97 

7.1 39 141 
08 0.7 SJ 
95 51 117 
35 31310 
93 48 95 

385 210 QwtBay Popa 
81 31 Co wot be Groat 

45 15 348 

0.1 11 Hffl 
55ft U 248 

1.0 05 . . 

(5 45 7 A 
OS 08211 
28 47 13. r 
48 11 141 
75 19 26.4 
18 14 898 
45 92 19.7 
78 28 266 

95 15 19.1 

33 13255 
23 1.6 188 

38 15 17.1 
.. B .. 16.7 
55 25 138 

85 83 83 
35 35133 
1 7 1.0 20.4 

18 03 .. 

10.7 6.1 83 

7.1 7.1 88 

178 78 70 

1.4 08 183 

14 6 46104 

35 09 375 
25 14 115 

48 2* Branregore inai 

19 W* Brow Ins 

34 22 Brook® Tool 

177 tSi Brawn A Tswsa 
38 19 Brawn (Jem) 

78 '50 Bnsnana (Mm) 
293 184 Huftwgh 
172 110 Burgere 
71 38 BurrvAndaran 

65 09 Com lert Eng 
38 25 : Caparc IM 

67 33 Cepe W 
2BS, 1S9 Carcte Eng 

83 39 Ceangs 
38'. 20 Cereswn 

M 4* Central 6 Sr** 
27 io Cemreway ind 
40 40 CH Inp 
85* 65* CnaneertM Pli 

84 46 Cnarreretn & H4 
JW 166 Charter Cm 
568 401 Ctienvina 

343 208 draw m 
43 31 Chnuy Hum 
iBO 73 Ctenre lOwnenn 
* m ,£ 5 h ri* 1 SO" 

130 380 CahOT (At 

i|i 1« Cotetck Op 
38 7 CereonM Tech 

86 81 ConcanttK 
29 20 Com Stannary 
BS 52 CdUk (Wm) 

15 33106 
07 41 .. 

16 65 63 
95 44 11.7 

62* +0 
65 re *1 

-1 43 78 H4 

11.7 ai 130 
■*! 25 17164 

+S 38 61 133 

*1 05 35 79 

-1 14 72 13 7 

. . n . 45 

179 r 61 70 
+3 38 fit 93 

-* M 35 157 

. a 140 
+1* .. B . 385 

31 61 69 
55 7.7 92 
S3 S O 85 
+7 157 65 47 6 

■ ■ 193 34 124 

+2 79 23 (75 

-I .. 105 

*2 65 15 265 

107 91 91 

.. 154 18 7.6 

95 35 169 

142 88 Crest Wchcfaon 140 

179 126 Odhi House 179 

287*148* Gunman 3V* CIS 
43 K DX 39 

483 350 OPCE 470 

773 188* Datoety 273 

28% 15* tore £22 

58 33 Dowu HM'A' S3 

700 133 Dovrea 6 Nbbbot HO 
127 81 Duty 95 

740 715 Da u Rue m 

231 106* Oeki 320 





3.7 12S 




44 278 




15 118 






• +2 


*5 31 J 



42 108 



12 103 



10 .. 



18 .. 


• .. 


1.0 3*8 




68 104 


81 68 . 
+2 134 64 67 

1-1 13 55 93 

+10 424 41115 
-5 71 13 110 

108 105 Demand SMnpng 8®J • .. 93 4.7 114 

253 132 Dwouttar 253 +13 67 38105 

19* 10* DMUa He« IV, +* 68 43 175 

BO 1S8 DOoma 3ZB +3 7i UM 

97* ee DaOMft POT 89% * . . 7.4 S3 125 

115 73 Dam 110 • .. 7.1 65121 

116 74 DoMnkn H 114 +1 7.6 6 l7 68 . 

74 26 Dupnrt 70* 15 17 18.1 

64 12 DwU S3 325 

91 86 OkodUBJ) 60. • 67 63 218 

87 5* Do 77 • . . 67 74 181 

182 M 
124 20 
69% 44% 
23S 184 
413 210 
140 78 

SO* 101 
165* 52% 
305 142 

86 30 
174 110 
218 99 
179 129 
115 34% 
IBS 145 
26S 81 
274 180% 

87 40 
23 B 

21 cnrwnrei 

127 EnSreprae 
05 GOTorEnresy 
000 GtouiNRai 
34 Goa: PW 
45 O Mn ireni Has 
3T1 1C G» 

V 4* FGC Of 
so tooa 

138 LASMO 
230 OoDrw 
33 Mow London Of 
in Pamesw 
180 Ropser 
( 43% RM Cum 
620 SheB 
133 SHOW 
GO Sovereap 
18* TR Efwgy 
|1S Thcersni 

tmot eump* 12 

UOremar 218 

34 -1 09 

137 *1 121 


46 +2 14 

55 *+S 41 

S3 S Zti 

M ' ' 

23 ..AS 

1» -S 174 

260 .. *44 

38 +1 

140 *4 79 

31': -I 

206 *15 

Mr +1 225 

713 *3 40 

140 129 

70 +3 


133 +3 141 

SJ 65 112 
25 98 65 
4 8 62 ISO 

365 263 Brown Find 
iBO 108 Brora 
253 148 BS 
37 07* BUet 

■20 as bko 



259 +8 
34% re .. 
116 -2 

31% 12* Bdcmrnx (AE) V E22% -1% 

67 51 EHott (B) 54 • . . 

29* 18* Ernfwrt ESS* 

3 29 216 Engesh CM* C*y 323 re-1 
30 16% Erianui (LM| tT £20% ->• 

1S3 76 Enha Hotm 158 . -2 

171*115 Gmopavi Farr*! 170% +% 

163 101 Do 5% Prf 117 -1 

210 133 E rered 216 

140 10* eraoa 117 re .. 

164 90 Expemm M 149 -3 

415 772 ExM 413 -1 

42 22 Falcon 23 

37 26 Feedn Arte Ina 29 
ISO 106 FOTwrgfS) 121 -1 

■m go FHekXkntf 85 

520 260 Rians 913 +8 

47 32 FMZwOkm 37 

110 60 FtendOo C*W 102 +2 

46 20 FdtMri «S +2 

lid 55 Fogarty 116 +2 

30* 20* FoMO Gradp N/V 28% 

172 135 FoflregH 6 Hrovoy 163 

66 43 FMncti (Thomn) 64 • . . 

112 64 GBn 101 

343 188 GKH 343 +& 

280 200 GR 280 +5 

67 55 Grom End 82 +8 

138 98 Gestetner 138 »+1 

145 64 Graves 136 +1 

10% 533V Qan> 978 +13 

307 16* Gfymrad 307 el 

65 30 Gonna 63 

6*0*33 Goring Karr 455 • .. 

2Qi 85 &zmpmn Hugs sm 

312 146 Granada 268 • .. 

1*% 7* GroveMI 10 

72 * 39 HsM Pmctaten 72 W+ZV 

162 114 HeB Eng 156 

186 133 H«1 (Ml 1S4 +2 

230 143 HoMl 190 • .. 

245 155 Hilma 245 +2 

34 19% Hamtlan Hd 30* •+': 

62 33 Honrne* 41 

191 133V Horen 163 

199*135 do 8% cm neivre+2 

110* 96* Do 5%% 110 +2* 

156 92 Hreignnvai ISt 

195 127 Hams (PNBPI 195 

541 359 Hawker SsJsSey 531 -4 

IM re Hswlw 109 +3 

101 73 Hay (Normroi) ros 

172 >20 Hapwonn Ceramic isa -2 

14 3 43 li 

100 03 7.7 

83 33 ISA 
15 73 14.6 
U S212S 


54 • . . 19 56 159 

E25* 139 55 

323 re-1 157 46 118 

£22% -% 86 04 .. 

158 -2 46 15 216 

170% +% 81 36 11.8 

117 -1 7.1 6.1 .. 

216 46 11 IBS 

117 ■ 43 36126 

148 -3 U 11 195 

413 -2 ES 13 245 

23 1.4 6.1 56 

29 1.4 46 516 

121 -1 7.1 56 100 

85 56r 7.7 6.7 

913 +6 6-8 13 27 A 

37 .. 1.0 17 .. 

182 *2 54 53 76 

45 +2 06 16 53 

116 +2 57 46 446 

28% 16 6.7 54 

163 . - 116 73 M6 

64 • .. 4.1 54 .. 

101 64 53 153} 

343 *8 157 46 135 

280 +5 100 35 77 

82 *8 43 S3 63 

02 re+1 11 16116 

136 +1 46r 32 157 

978 +13 146 15 252 

307 *1 139 46 176 

S3 26 19 67 

459 • . . ISO 33 175 

3E® .. 79 41246 

268 • .. Ill 36 216 

10 +* a? 7.0 54 

72 • +2* 26 35 151 

196 . 112 7.1 152 

154 *2 Bflri 44 116 

190 • .. 126 66 115 

245 +2 12 05 37.1 

30% •+* 1.7 r 96 11.1 


41 20 Batura** 

162 83 FekytlWWl 
476 325 Mvnsao Oast 
498 290 Mieapa 
33 25 Jacks (Wm) 

269 147 Lonma 
57 m Dean Vtfean 
248 128 Paroracn 2ocn 
240 128 Do * 

280 131 EWyPk* 

as 40 s« creoy 

505 465 Steal Bros 
122 25 Tore K ara reey 

251 1 53 YroaCaao 













































• -1 

















251 IBS APbevUM 
28% 1B% AM* t Ala 
28% 19% Am Gan 
250 160 M nodi 
8*4 993 Brtanmc 
28C 174 Com Umon 
293 208 EduiyALaw 
350 10* Ml 
S30 503 GOT ACCMOTt 
815 010 GSE 
723 548 HnamCE 
321 217 NogoRobnson 
777 545 LO0U * 

34 19 Ltb Ufa SA RT 

072 642 LcndOT A Mart 
338 2*2 LOU kM bw 
70 46% March A McLan 

308 161 Mart 
565 218 PWS 
(4 977 Peart 
B32 4B3 Prudemni 
435 276 HMuge 
8B3 515 n oyd 
4T3 332 Sedgwck Gp 
79* 255 Stewrol Waon 
m 320 SrorgaHUgs 
853 391 Son ABroxe 
904 709 Sun Ufa 
3GS 220 Trade tedaoniy 
488 289 wteFabor 

210 +3 8L4 46 .. 

S22’t ■-* 100 4 A .. 

£25% •+% 096 36 .. 

250 re+S 76 3.1 18.1 
842 . . 376 46 .. 

263 Iflfl 66 .. 

270 +5 BLO 30 . . 

27B +6 

630 +7 • 26.6 34 209 

796 -2 37 9 *8 211 

681 -ID 314 *6 104 

312 re-4 0.4 0 1*6 
752 +5 32.1 42 .. 

B32 -Z 316 36 2X0 

338 .. 166 56 136 

£6*% 220 14 .. 

200 -2 96 38 17.1 

2GB ..119 46336 
£13% .. 56.4 A3 . 

832 +5 343 4.1 546 ’ 

415 +7 166 *6 .. 

S76 -4 3*6 36 206 

385 +2 1*6 17 176 

388 -f 14.4 17 21.1 

420 ■ . . 86 10 206 

5*6 +13 22.1 14 566 

SB* .. 305 15 .. 

360 118 960.1 

422 -5 IDA 26 219 


Dual Porta 
E uaftpna Palp 
Ftwrxii End 


Gears Gnus 

ms re .. 


258 +4 



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Honan Qcex 

St r*H Go 

+0 12 21217 

*4 66 19 14 ft 

+2 . n 92 

16 13 St 

54 i.b res 

. 17 1» 7.9 fti 

*4 76 46 361 

*3 70 *7378 

+10 14 3 25 184 
08 * 1 250 

.. 120 67 B3 

36 19106 

+4. MB 46122 
3.5 32173 

too 2 7 21 
-2 106 47 156 

80 16316. 

•Z 43 57 76 

-3 7 7 83 124 

67 34 73 

86 2*217 
+15 61 45 ISO 

49 *8 163 

*3 23 164 

B 311 
1Z9 20 771 

57 15 146 

600 SJ3 .. 
12 76 .. 
7.0 46 171 
121 12 117 

174 13 118 

17 216 96 
5.4 51 146 

19 53 118 
51 4.1 913 
14 4.1 116 

.. B .. 27.1 
. . B . . 357 
86 46 116 

126 55 Hattok 124 -2 51 4.1 522 

92 54 Hawrtl (J) S3 34 4.1 11.0 

140 56 HUWMBJOb 14© +5 ,.B.. 27.1 

S3 62 HoM Bras 77 . . a . . 38.7 

94 67 HC« Lloyd 84 »+2 54 14 112 

182 100 Ho0ansma 180 86 46 11 J 

16 7 Howard MaChkrery I . . .. 

10* 67 Hdwdm 97 +1 46 46 B.7 

14% 8% Hudson Bay C11S . . 590 51.. 

268 165 Hurttng Assoc 256 117 43 93 

106 @9 Holing tai«) 03 B6 91203 

266*201 Huteton Whsmpos 231 -4 

155 66 Ml 148 17 43 113 

315 190 Mown 283 +3 16 06 525 

310 205 Jacksons Bourn 093 U 26 114 

133% 93 jwnna Mam m -i* 

500 403 Johnson Ctemre 500 .. 200 56146 

178 63 Jonnacm MaUMy 176 +5 0.7 1* 223 

34% It* Johnson 5 FB 30* -1 .. .. <13 

270 180 JofcnMM 270 ..104 19172 

95 *1 Jones a ffl ap m roi 88 -I 4.1 41 114 

171 114 JoudOT (TTwmu) 186 ..95 57117 

36 20 KaOmzoo 2S 26 112 81 

32% 22% Katon 32 *+1 1.7 56 229 

240 165 Kelsey Ind 240 re +30 114 43 113 

128 - 78 Kanrndy Grate <28 +3 ZBt \ 3 ZLS 

3 as 230 Karahsw (A) 260 ■ +5 -214 76 254 

206 155 KMchan fin Tayftx)208 .. .. 15.7 75 92 

MS BO Ktoan-E-Ze 148 7.1 46 316 

1*6 86 BOT A WA 'A' 121 .. ULO 83 86 

186 133 Boom A Hums <43 .. Si.4 

138 98 BrOT Waiter MS 76 75 86 

58 22 Cronpan $7 14 15 152 

23S 170 Ovysaks 213 10 36 136 

*33 231 firm LMura 421 . . HL7 15 HI 

69* 51% GRA SB 717 

81 35 Harrauger Brooks 81 +t0 .. ..526 

MB 78 Honan Trawl 123 +5 61 5.1 236 

140 93 mi Laxura 131 +3 16 52 67 

231 65 JUttna's Mdgs 8* a® 3.6 ill 

205 124 Medmknnr <55 -5 7.5 46 M3 

2m 15* Pteanrare 331 86 27 20.0 

3GB 368 Haafly UoaW 368 +2 .. .. .. 

6* 30 Rosy Lamm a .. 52 

721 147 SogaHokian 227 M 17 2*5 

30* 213% Samuekon Go 290 re+2 1* 12 .. 

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153 9? Zanroi 153 • .. 11 *6 111 

Soma* A ShOT 835 re+10 200 23 197 

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Sms* (Jeff) 151 47 11 

Usher Wakar 005 +2 9.7 47 111 

Wace 47 108 

WaddmgiOT lA 633 +20 35 7 56125 

WOtmugn 291 +6 85r II 13S 

Wgm Coon* 358 *6 13313 


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17 45 113 
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176 *6 

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95 57 <17 
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1.7 55 226 

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252 146 

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138 83 DOOM 
65 56 Lon A Ntn 

199 89 Lon ted 

168 66 Langtpn Ind 
300 157 Low A Boner 
383 221 MLHdgs 

05 14(02 
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600 3*8 GM KHIgootl 368 -10 .. .. 

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850 230 GruMvMi 345 +10 5*9 11 

218 1)3% Hronpton Aares 123 • .. 54 4. 

<3% ♦% Hrorrony £6 -% 626 6. 

525 MO Hantet 305 -5 17.0 5. 

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18% 5% Ittraw £10% -% SB O a 

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325 SI - as -? 

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BT exploits local call 
monopoly, says survey 


By David Y< 

Bri tish Telecom’s policy of 
keeping down international 
and trunk call costs while 
?V increasing local call charges is 
V damaging British business, ac- 
cooling to National Utility 
Services yesterday. 

The company, which 
analyses comparative energy 
,- and telecommunications costs 

: throughout the world, says in 
its 1985-86 survey that despite 
privatization, subscribers in 
Britain are paying 40 per cent 
^ '■ more for local calls than their 
1 counterparts in the US and 
; x Germany. 

. •• Telecommunications oper- 
ators in America, Italy, Bd- 
- gium and Germany 
maintained local call costs last 
s. year but British Telecom in- 
ijjs creased them by 7.35 per cent. 

International comparison 
of local ealls 

pones per <SaDed unfit 

/// - < a-*- 

SourcttNutorai UMBySentaHi 

ot business telecomm unica- monopoly powers re main to 
irons usage consists of local . them to manipulate pricing 
calls, specifically in the City of “It is no cofocideiKetbat 

laiuuuncu h* 2U can costs last r rtri j ‘ - — * 

ar but British Telecom in- 

creased them by 7.35 per amt. , h _ hflad 

BT. with the lowest interna- 5? of 1 tocal calls by more 

* ^ tional rates, cut those by 9 uer annnal rale of rnfla- 

1 cent feayear. - D 3 r5# P er tion m order to stoke an ante- 
- - K _ ro _ natal Wow at possible 

NUS suggested this was competition from Mercury. ‘ 

wsihfe hprance Inral rail > ‘Urh« 

possible because local cal) 
prices were unnecessarily 
high. Mr Andrew Johns, NUS 
marketing director, sakh “Our 
figures suggest that 70 percent 

National Plastics Group: Mr 
Michaud PragneU has been 
, appointed managing director. 

Aidcom International: Mr. 

■ Robin Dow has joined the 
main board. 

Greenall Whitley: Mr Cofin 
Diment has been w gj f a 

■ director. 

Evode Group: Mr Nigel 
Crouch has been appointed 
deputy managing director of 
the adhesives and sealants 
. division. 

Fitch <& Company Design 
Consultants: Mr B31 Webb 
has been made marketing 
director of retail design. 

Holiday Care Service: Mrs 
Mary Baker has become 
chairman succeeding Sir Hen- 
ry Marking. 

National Westminster*. 
Bank: Mr Alan Pate has been 
appointed senior executive of 
the treasurer’s department, 
international banking divi- 

The Distillers Company 
(Home Trade): Mr R G Fifty 
and Mr £ W J Waddns are to 
join the board as non-execu- 
tive directors. Mr P A J Neep 
will be appointed to the board 
as business development di- 

Garfield Lewie Mr Roy 
Veal is joining the board as 

“What comes out very 
strongly from the 1985-86 
survey is that telecommunica- 
tions authorities do not hesi- 
tate to exploit whatever 


charges have actually held 
steady or even reduced in 
areas where alternative carri- 
ers threaten actual or immi- 
nent competition: 

“Nor can it be a coincidence 
that the one area where British 
business subscribers have no 
hope of a choice — local calls — 
has been burdened with the 
full weight of British 
Telecom’s revenue targets.” 

Mrs Fiona Laing (stfero) 
has been appointed a director 
of Noble Grossart- 
managing director, stainless 
sled division. 

Johnson & Johnson Inter- 
national: Mr Peter McKenna, 
is appointed vice-president 
from May L 

Bain Dawes Financial Ser- 
vices: Mr Stephen Jacobson 
has been named associate 
director and London actuary. 

Bain Dawes: Mr Stephen 
HiU has been made manag in g 
director, overseas non-marine 
division and a director of the 
overseas management and 
marketing division. Mr Angus 
Cleaver becomes director of 

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overseas non-marine division 
and relates directorship of the 
contractors and professional 
liability division. 

Hoot (Great Britain) : Mr 
Pieter Laister has been ap- 
pointed a non-executive direc- 
tor. .Mr Roger Kitiey mid Mr 
Bryan Meekey have! joined 
the board. 

Ferranti: Sir John Hoskyns 
joins the board as a: non- 
executive director. 

A C Nielsen Company: Mr 
Mike Gorton bas been ap- 
pointed managing dirctor. 

Afluascutum Group: Mrs 
Marianne Abrahams and Mr 
Michael Walter have joined 
the board. 

Engineering Employers* 
Federation: Mr Ronald Hook- 
er has been elected president. 

Charles Baker Lyons: Mr 
Laurie Ward has been ap- 
pointed director of sponsor- 
ship and television. • 

American Cyanamid: Sir 
Ronald Halstead has joined 
the board. 

Fitch Lovell: Mr BUI Brawn 
and Mr Adolf Winter have 
been appointed directors. 

Horizon Travel' Mr Barry 
Firarin has been made group 
finance director. 

Imhof-Bedco Standard 
Products: . Mr R Glossop has 
been appointed managing di- 
rector. .• 

Chartered Trust Mr John 
Franktia has Become deputy 
dteinnan in succession fo Mr 
P A Graham. 

Interim 10 cents (5). With 
figures in £000. unaudited group 
profit for six months to Decem- 
ber 51 is after providing addi- 
tional depreciation arising from 
revaluation of buses. Profit 
before tax X229 (2,528 1. Tax 
1132 (161 IX Earnings per share , 
11.4 cents (5.2). Improvement 
m earnings has enabled group to 
restore interim dividend to level 
of 1984. 

Samantha Exploration has 
made a gold find at Banana, 
Australia. Sara am ha plans 
substantial follow-up drifting 

nal dividend 4p, making 5-2p 
(3-6p) for 1985. With figures in 
£000, gross profit was 969(918), 
operating profit 465 (463), pre- 
tax profit 555 (515). Earmngs 
per share n.02p (15.95) 

No interim dividend (nil). Pre- 
tax profits for six months to 
November 30 £98^93 (£1 1369 
loss), lax £45,372 (ml), profit 
attributable £53,52! (£IIJ69 
loss). Earnings per. share 4.1p 
(D.87p loss). 

ING: Mr Brian Cox, chairman, 
says in his annua} statement that 
the first quarter has seen group's 
activities sustained at a very 
high level Reduction is group's 
borrowings improves its ability 
to quote for more capital inten- 
sive orders and to invest in new 

Oodles more 

Oodles, the restaurant 
group, has spent £600,000 on 
three London restaurants at 
Great Marlborough Street, 
Camden Lock ana Hamp- 
stead. The group intends to 
join the Unlisted Securities 

News deal 

Argus Press Holdings has 
completed the acquisition of 
South London Press, publish- 
er of the South London Press 
and the South London Adver- 
tiser. Mr David Norman, the 
chairman, and Mr Peter 
Hayes have resigned as direc- 
tors and have re-purchased 
Modern Press, a subsidiary 
printing company trading 
from Maidstone. 

25% accept 

The offer to acquire J 
Williams (Cardiff) by the 
Wyndham Group had, by 
3pm on Wednesday, been 
ccepted by die holders of 
1,783,589 Williams’s ordinary 
shares (25.7 percent). Togeth- 
er with the shares already 
owned tty Wyndham, the 
group now has a total of 42Jt 
per cent of Williams's shares. 

No approach 

Armstrong Equipment has 
told the Stock Exchange that h 
had not noticed any abnormal 
• purchases of its shares nor had 
it received any approaches. 


Selling science successfully 

By Peta Levi 

Oxford Lasers, one of a growing number 
of small high-technology businesses 
being, set up m and around the 
university city, has just received the 
1985 Achievement Award made by the 
Worshipful Company of- Scientific In- 
strument Makers for the design and 
development of an air-cool bigb- 
eflficiency meial vapour laser. 

This new type of laser is used for 
scientific and industrial work in many 
countries — 60 per cent of Oxford 
Lasers’ products are exported In June, 
Oxford Lasers opens an exhibition in 
San Francisco as a further springboard 
into the American market. 

One application for it is in photo- 
dynamic therapy, where it can activate a 
special drug to help fight some cancers. 
Another application is in high-speed 
motion analysis, where the laser light 
acts as an ultra-test strobe, used in' 
ballistics or in measuring the size, speed 
and area covered by droplets coining 
out of an aerosol or agricultural spray. 
These lasers have a pulse rale of at least 
1 0,000 flashes of light per second 
It is also an example of a company 
successfully transferring technology 
from university to industry. 

In 1977 a group of Oxford physicists 
working in Oxford University's Claren- 
don laboratory, headed tty Dr Colin 
Webb, started (in the traditional garage) 
a “soft" company doing pan-time 
research and development to turn 
fundamental research into products 
used in industry and medicine. 

By 1982 it was developing into a 
"hard” company and taking on its first 
full-time employees, first building in- 
struments for scientists and now pro- 
ducing instruments to meet clients' 
particular applications. 

Oxford Lasers had a I9S5 turnover in 
excess of £1 million and now employs 
26 people, nine of whom have Phds or 
higher degrees. Indirectly it employs 
more as it sub-contracts all manufacture 
of components. 

■Ttjf i'a.-lx: 

m i f* \ - - 

■Ip- -y 





.«Jfces -. 7 : ■- 

Profiting from science: Hywel Lloyd, chief executive of Oxford Lasers 

For three years annual turnover has 
been virtually doubled each year — a 
similar rise is again expected this year, 
and is the aim for next year as well 
Hywel Lloyd, chief executive, says it 
presents “a major challenge”. On Mhrch 
13, the company is due to open 3,000 
square feet of new research and develop- 
ment space. 

An application being developed, in 
association with another company, is 
for a large video display that projects 
TV or video on screens about four 
metres wide with high brightness, 
making the display visible in daylight. 
The system, which may be launched 
within a year, would considerably 
advance current technology, and will 
move on to full colour. 

One of the company's greatest prob- 
lems has been for individuals in it to 
learn to delegate and to lake on different 

areas of responsibility. Another is 
finding staff with production engineer- 
ing skills. This has just prompted the 
company to sponsor, with the Science 
and Engineering Research Council two 
Oxford Polytechnic students to work at 
• oxford Lasers on projects. 

Mr Uoyd said: “Part of the 
company's success is due to good 
planning aand to the foot that instead of 
relying on an individual's brilliance a 
multi-disciplinary team -was built up 
from the beginning.” 

Oxford Lasers is an example of one of 
the best kinds of technology transfer; the 
university has not lost Dr Webb who is 
still a fulltime lecturer. His ebullience 
and the example of his business success 
are an important stimulus to students. 
Because of the laboratory's reputation 
in laser research it attracts bright 
students from all over Britain. 






=T> fuff' 

“What I hate about warning a contract 
is baring oo one to share l e joy wfth n 

LCCI’s stateside mission 

By Teresa Poole 

In the shadow of the Westland saga and Among them are: 

the controversy over American involve- • Product liability insurance and the 

meat in British Leyland, the London difficulties which some UK companies 

Chamber of Commerce set off on a three have found in obtaining adequate cover 

day fact-finding and contact-making — high premiums make selling equip- 

mission to Washington this week in the meat to the US unattractive; 

hope of establishing permanent finks • Antidumping or duty legislation not 

with the administration and the business compatible with the General Agreement 

community. on Tariffs and Trade; 

• “Bay American'* p r oc ure ment. pofi- 
The 22 members of the LCCTs North ties; 

American Committee want to enconrage • The differing professional qnaliftca- 
the exchange of information about tious and regulations applied by individ- 
issnes affecting the development of trade nal states to foreign companies and 
between the two corarfries, many of employees which lead to difficulties for 
which can cause problem* for «m*R British service industries to establish 
British companies wting to export to themselves in different states; 

America. The delegation wifi raise a • And, the proposed imposition of US 
number, of issues which it considers regulations omside the country. 


Selling property, franchises, equipment etc to small and large companies or businesses 

board. Mr David Reed win 

board. Mir David Seed wifi 
continue as a non-executive 

European Single Service As- 
sociation: Mr Malcolm J. 
Macpherson has been ap- 
pointed prestdeot 
Pantifiex Holdings: Mr 

Phflip Shapiro has been made 

a non-executive director. 

IGD Management Commit- 
tee: Mr*' Peter Stubbs has 
become chairman succeeding 
Mr Ron Evans. 

Pergamon Press: Mir Peter 
Laister joins the board as a 
non-executive director. 

in the Rhymney Valley 

and a*ln ttia financial Inoantlwaa to assist 
your Company’s auceass in a region staapad In 
•U Ha from Elec tr onics to Engineering and 
aarva ' d by tfae UK Motorway network, do— to 
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including instructors' wages. 

Factory.- o ffi ce and storage facilities 
ranging from BOO aq. ft. to 160.000 SCI- ft. 
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BteaMbkngfistMmtGBtMcdCBr— 5t4iporflng1binorroiv)iBudnessT6day 

The Board of Directors of Imperial Chemical Industries PLC 
announce the following trading results of the Groiipfor the year 1985 
subject to completion of the audit, with comparative figures for 1984 

I C3 Group financial highlights 

’Group 'means iCl and its subsidiaries. ’Em' means mUlkmsof pounds sterling. ■ 

Turnover {sales to customers outside the Group) 


Oil- - 

Ibtal turnover 

Trading profit 

Profit before taxation 

Net profit attributable to parent company 
before extraordinary items 

Fammgs (before extraordinary items) • 

per £1 Ordinary Stock . . . . 

Dividends per Cl Ordinary Stock 

Trading results for the first quarter oF-1 986 will be announced on 
Thursday 24 April 1986. 







2,433 . 


7.42 6 


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with many years huernational experience seeks 
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non WlllstHrr. 6N1 IBR-NO STAMP. 

The Perfect Business 

Coder Internationa] are seeking Interested parties 
for their 1986 launch of their "overseas property 
shops", an exclusive national chain of High Street 
retail outlets fully equipped to cater for the vast 
interest -in villas and apartments abroad. ■ 

Each shop will be desi gned and stocked lo make 
your business the succ e s s (hat you will want it to 
he. This is a first class opportunity to make 1986 
the year that you established yourself at the fore- 
. front of international business. Take the first step 
now and ring for more Information octtimaieatsca. 


10 possibly invest m arw/or take war a vecy waft known 

tfSeotQqiie wWi. ifl years successful trading. Owner tu» 
meanly gamed caber respcmsaHbtes ana can therefore 
noi giYo’the company enough time to COTtinua maxunteirtg 
.*?.** potertwf. Reply to BOX C7D efo Tunas Newspa- 
P«a, Virgato Si, The Highway. London El 


for the acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider joint veniures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share purftasers arranged. Telephone Ot 
935 5795 or 486 6X39. 

Cash in on 
the crime wave 

The MgM Watch, the much heralded new concept hi 
security manpower is now available (or fcence in 
areas throughout the country. You win need capital of 
£20,000+. good credentials, experience in man 
management and commitment to hard work in initially 
setting up your local organisation. 

You wit receive full training, all equipment and 
untforms. full legal and accountancy back-up. publicity, 
adv er tising and on-going support from a ttigray 
pmfessaviaJ HQ Company. Plus, a prom potential of sa figuas. 
The Night Watch has already been featured on national 
television and radio, m the deify and Sunday papers as 
wen as regional weeklies, dallies and radio stations. 
And its first fr an chise opened only last March. 

If you want a franchise that otters security, contact the 
address below. Just to be on the safe side. 

The Night Watch Limited 

63 Borough High Street, London, SE1 INF 
Telephone: 01-403 6450 

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We wouldn’t recommend this experi- 
ment for real, but it’s an interesting hypothesis 
nevertheless. Imagine it 

The salesman guides you into the 
driver’s seat. It feels reassuringly firm, yet so 
comfortable it could have been made 
specially for you. 

(In fact, it has an adjustable lumbar 
support and a 12-position height and rake 

The door closes with an effortless clunk 


Good guess, but the wrong one. 

Somehow, you can sense the feeling of 
spaciousness inside the car. 

Your hands fall naturally onto the steering 
wheel, and your feet onto the pedals. 

Youswitchonthe ignitionThe enginefires 
instantaneously, dying to a barely audible purr. 


Perhaps, yes. But actually no. 

As you pull away from the kerb (don’t 
worry, the salesman gives you directions) you 
notice the lightness and precision of the 
power steering. 

You accelerate briskly through the gears, 
enjoying the smooth power of the engine. 

This car is no slouch. 


No it isn’t 

steel construction, and the 9 coats ofpaint and 
primer that protect the bodywork 

He mentions the 13-outlet heating and 
ventilation system, the 17.2 cubic foot boot, 
the central locking. 

You can feel the power-assisted brakes 
for yourself 


Wrong again. 

Against your better judgement, you start 
to lower your sights a bit You did, after all, 
mention a price limit of £1 1,000. 

But what car of that sort of price could 
give you this sort of ride? 

Unable to contain your curiosity any 
longer, you pull into the kerb and pull off 
the blindfold. 


Y?s, it’s a Volvo. The 740 GL, to be precise. 

And yes, you can afford it 

Amazingly, the car you thought could 
have been a Mercedes costs only £10,271. 

You turn to the salesman sitting beside 
you. In one hand, he has an order form for a 
brand new Volvo 740GL 

In the other; a pen. 

Despite his presumptuousness, you sign. 

|""to: Volvo, Springfield House, Princess Street, Bristol BS3 4ElP 

For a brochure, phone (0272) 217082 or post the coupon. I 

The salesman, feelingrather pleased with I Address 

himself helps you with a few clues. I Postcode 

He tells you about the car’s welded box- 1 W86 VOLVO 740. FROM £HU 

^ Eias7L „ UTBE „ G1Nt _ 



I THE N86VWV0 740. FROM £10^71. I 



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February 28, 1986 




The high-fliers 

Without doubt 1985 was the 
year that Vauxhail came of age 
in the British fleet market- The 
Cavalier was firmly estab- 
lished as the mosvsought-after 
“rep's" car since the all- 
conquering Cortina. And this 
week the Cavalier has been 
voted by the Association of 
Car Fleet Operators as Fleet 
Car of the Year 1986 for the 
second year running. 

The Carlton was making 
inroads .into the managers' 
sector. Astra - overcame its 
earlier production problems at 
Ellesmere Port, and right at 
the end. of the year the 
Belmont, an upmarket Astra 
with a huge bool, was 
launched to haunt Ford's Ori- 
on. . 

In five years the GM off- 
shoot has trebled its share of 
the fleet market to about 31 
per cent. A proud David 
Lahti, VauxhaJTs sales and 
marketing director pro- 
claimed: “Our success has 
been fleet led and it is where 
we will continue to put our 
efforts." This year he is confi- 
dent of pushing bis share up to 
36 per cent. 

Most of Vauxhall's fleet 
gains have been at the expense 
of Ford which once dominat- 
ed the British fleet market to 
such an extent that n would 
only admit to holding 
“around 70 per cent". Market 
shares are notoriously unreli- 
able statistics in fleet business 
but it is generally accepted 
that Ford now holds around 
45 per cent. 

Helped by the success of the 
new Granada however and 
soon to be reinforced by new 
facelifted,, “lean burn”, 
powered Escorts arid Orions, 
it intends to lift its penetration 

Vauxhail has set the pace as market 
leader at the expense of Ford which 
is ready to make fresh inroads 

above 50 per cent this year. 

Austin Rover increased its 
fleet sales by an encouraging 
10 per cent last year and now 

the case today. The Montego. 
Maestro and in particular the 
Rover 300 range are now first 
class fleet material but it is 

bolds about 18-5 per cent of only by persuading people to 
the above 25 cars fleet busi- overcome their suspicions and 

ness. It has made its biggest 
inroads into leasing compa- 
nies, self drive hire and the 
public sector. It is still weak in 

drive them that we can make 
real progress." 

The' Rover 800 executive 

the 25 to 100 strong fleets and' saloon, the latest product of its 
only slightly better in the 1 00 increasingly close collabora- 
te 500 fleets. lion with Honda, will not be 

to 500 fleets. 

Bui its biggest weakness is 
in the real majors above 500. 

One of its "7 
problems has A Strong 
been identified from fa 

as a poor per- . 

ception of its 
cars compared 
with the competition in fleets 
where the company user has a 
significant influence in choice. 

This year it is planning an 
image lifting campaign called 
Track Test *86. A dozen or-so 
race circuits will be used 
enabling fleet operators to 
drive the whole Austin Rover 
range under exacting condi- 
tions. Organizers of business 
conferences and technical 
seminars will also be pressed 
to allow the company to put 
Austin Rover cars on display. 

Mr John Parkinson, fleet 
sales director, said": “The 
problem is that too many fleet 
users last experience of our 
cars was when they had Hals 
and Ambassadors. They com- 
pared badly with the competi- 
tion at the time. That is not 

tion with Honda, will not be 
seen in public before the 
summer but fleet operators 
_ have had pri- 

Astong challenge S.ES’S 
from foreigners be “very 

- excited" by the 

car's prospects 
as a management car. 

If 1985 was the year 
Vauxhail came of age in the 
fleet market 1 986 could be the 
year that foreign manufactur- 
ers consolidate the steady 
inroads they have made in 
recent years. The most publi- 
cized challenge will come 
from two “foreigners" assem- 
bled in Britain - the Nissan 
Stanza replacement which 
goes into production shortly 
in a new “greenfield" factory 
at Washington. Tyne and 
Wear, and the Peugeot 309 
now being assembled at Ryton 
near Coventry. 

The new Stanza has already 
made its debut in Japan where 
it is being called the Auster. 
Whether that name will also 
be used in Britain is doubtfiil 
for two reasons: Auster is too 
dose to “austere" and is also 

the name of a very elderly light 

Nissan like Peugeot believe 
that the British fleet buyer is 
not yet ready to court public 
condemnation for buying for- 
eign at a time when jobs in the 
British based motor industry 
are still being lost to foreign 
imports. But assemble your 
car in this country and howev- 
er justified or otherwise your 
claim that it is now British the 
fleet men will buy iu 

The one unchanging factor 
which is crucial to this whole 
argument- is that however 
questionable the nationality of 
the new car it must be 
attractive, cost effective to 
purchase and operate and 
above all reliable enough to 
persuade buyers to change 
from their existing suppliers. 
Price as always plays a big pan 
but is by no means as impor- 
tant with fleet buyers as with 
the private punters. 

In the fleet business they 
place great value on personal 
contacts with suppliers which 
have stood the test of time. A 
transport manager handling a 
730 strong fleet, told me: 
“Negotiating on the basis of 
long standing close relation- 
ships means that I have 
instant access to my supplier 
at senior level. He knows 1 will 
not hesitate to call him direct 
if for instance. I get a car 
which has obviously had a 
superficial Pre-delivery Ser- 
vice, or in any way does not 
come up to the mark. I 
expected to be treated as if l 
am his most important 

On the other hand I spoke 
to a number of fleet managers 
who have changed from one 

: *>u. 

Little and large: The up-market Rolls-Royce and the ubiquitous Escort 

make fleets in recent years to 
keep the pressure on tradition- 
al suppliers who appear to be 
taking them for granted. 

In the main foreign cars are 
at present established most 
strongly in the under 25 strong 
fleets which for years were not 
regarded as "real" fleet busi- 
ness. "Real" or not they 
account for something like 
300.000-400.000 cars a year. 

Traditionally the Big Three 
have tended to concentrate on 
major fleets — those with more 
than f 00 cars — accounting for 
something in excess of 60 per 
cent of all fleet business. But 
increasing competition is forc- 
ing them to lower their sights 
to the' smaller fleets. 

Vauxhail is a good example 
of this. In 1980 its fleet 
department dealt with 600 
major companies. This year 
John Pugh, Vauxhall’s long 
serving fleet sales manager, 
says: “In 1986 it is our 
intention to maintain contact 
with 2,500 companies.** 

He readily acknowledges 
the crucial pan played by 
Cavalier in opening the door 
to fleet business but resents 
rivals describing Vauxhail as 
“The Cavalier Company". He 
told an interviewer: “That 
statement is now four years 
behind the times. We did use 
Cavalier to get into 

On the face of it Nissan's 

initial British output of 24.000 
cars a year and Peugeot's 
40.000 is small beer. But like 
the Cavalier before them the 
new Stanza and the new 
Peugeot 309 will be used to 
smooth the way for other 
models from their parent Jap- 
anese and French factories to 
infiltrate the fleets. 

The biggest problem faring 
all manufacturers with fleet 
sales aspirations is the con- 
tinuing cut price discount war. 
The private buyer is now 
thoroughly conditioned to 
playing one dealer against 
another until he comes up 
with the sharpest price. In 
many cases a discount of IS 
per cent is becoming the norm 

with the dealer depending for 
his profit on manufacturers' 
incentive payments. 

As one car manufacturer's 
fleet sales manager put it 
recently: “In many cases the 
private punter is able to get a 
better discount than the fleet 

One fleet manager told him 
that he had identified two 
peak selling times, when a car 
was 10 months old and when 
it was two years and three 
months old. And in both cases 
the better prices were only 
available for periods of about 
three weeks. 

Clifford Webb 

Motoring Correspondent 

The Japanese emphasis on quality has set new standards in car production and in winning customers 

The new Nissan Bluebird 
range, which is seen for the 
first time in the UK. at the 
Fleet Motor Show, is impor- 
tant for three reasons: it 
replaces not one but two of the 
volume selling models in the 
largest traditional importers' 
range: it indudes the model 
which will be built at Nissan's 
factory at Washington. Tyne 
and Wear; and it will form the 
spearhead of Nissan's efforts 
in vjnning over business and 
fleet customers. 

The range consists of two 
body styles, a conventional 
four door saloon and a five 
door hatchback and is avail- 
able with a choice of l .6 and 2 
litre overhead camshaft en- 
gines with conventional 
carburettors; a 1.8 turbo- 
charged engine; and a 2 litre 
diesel — the first diesel to be 
offered in a road car in the UK 
by Nissan. A further 1.8 litre 
engine, designed to comply 
with the Inland Revenue's 
under- 1 800 cc limit for com- 
pany car users, will be avail- 
able shortly. 

Perhaps more important, 
the car wall be marketed in the 
UK head-on with the market 
leaders in the mid range 
sector, the Ford Sierra and 
Vauxhail Cavalier — except 
that Nissan boast equipment 
advantages at every leveL For 
instance, the 1.6 LX model 
which will be competing 
against the other 
manufacturers’ L versions, 
has power assisted steering 
and a five-speed gearbox as 
standard fittings. 

The full range is: 1.6L four 
and five door. 1.6 LX four and 
five door. 2.0 SLX four and 
five door, with the option of 
automatic transmission; 2.0 
SGX four and five door with 
the option of auto transmis- 
sion and factoiy fitted electric 
sunroof, 1.8 Turbo SR four 
door, available only with a 
five-speed gearbox. Prices are 
expected to range from £6,500 

Nissan’s Bluebird is poised for take-off 

to £8.500. All models wiD 
carry Nissan's normal three- 
year/ 1 00,000 mile mechanical 
warranty and six-year anti- 
corrosion guarantee. 

The four-door version, with 
a number of engine and trim 
options will go into produc- 
tion at the new factory at 
Washington in July, and 
slocks will be built up before 
ready for a launch in the 
autumn, probably coinciding 
with pie Motor Show at the 
NEC in October. 

Production line workers are 

the main components shipped 
from Japan. These will be 
transported in the car carrying 
vessels which dock regularly at 
Middlesbrough — less than an 
hour by road from the new 
factory. Local components, 
including Dunlop tyres from a 

S lant which already existed in 
Washington, seats from a new 
factory set up in * joint 
venture by Hoover Universal 
and Ikeda-Bussan, and a host 
of other items including elec- 
trical equipment, trim and 
carpets, radios and cassette 


Newcomer: The Nissan Bluebird fire-door hatchback 

being recruited and will start 
training shortly. Their instruc- 
tors will be supervisors and 
“team leaders" who have 
themselves spent many weeks 
working on production lines 
at Nissan's Oppama plant 
near Tokyo. There they stud- 
ied Japanese production tech- 
niques and also absorbed the 
quality-dominated philoso- 
phy of the Nissan car worker. 

“The main difference," said 
one supervisor who worked 
previously in the British car 
industry, “is that the Japanese 
check for quality at every stage 
during manufacture, while the 
European tradition is to check 
for quality at the end of the 
assembly line, and then do 
whatever rectification is 

Phase 1 production consists 
of assembly of Idls containing 

systems, will be delivered 
direct to the factory. The 
famous “Just in time" system 
under which production lines 
in Japan are Ted on a hourly 
basis rather than holding 
stocks of components will not 
necessarily apply at Washing- 

What has been far more 
critical in the negotiations 
between Nissan's purchasing 
managers and British and 
Continental component sup- 
pliers has been quality. More 
than 200 sample items have 
been obtained and tested rig- 
orously at Washington. Some 
have been fined to pre-pro- 
duction prototypes of tbe new 
car which were air freighted to 
this country in the autumn, 
for more realistic assessment 
Only when the components 
have passed every test in this 

country were further samples 
then sent to Japan for approv- 
al there. 

Nissan claim to have spent 
more time and money than 
any Japanese manufacturer 
has done previously to pro- 
duce a car that will have pan- 
European appeal. 

The process started with the 
interior design of the Bluebird 
called the Auster in the Japa- 
nese home market and close 
study of the head, elbow, and 
legroom measurements of the 
latest European cars. The 
designers aimed to equal or 
improve on everything they 
saw. Similarly with upholstery 
and carpets: competitive 
products were examined, 
cloth manufacturers consult- i 

European driving style., ! 
were analysed also. Suspen- j 
sion came m for particular 
attention. Many thousands of 
miles have been driven, first 
in modified versions of the 
Stanza, and as development 
progressed in a current Blue- 
bird fitted with a prototype 
suspension parts. 

Styling clinics at which 
members of the public were 
asked their opinions on the 
new Bluebird and on several 
rivals - all unidentified — 
resulted in several detail mod- 

2 drove the new car at 
Nissan’s Tochigy test track 
while attending ihe Tokyo 
motor show Iasi November. 
Track testing is no substitute 
for actual road work and final 
judgement will have to wail 
until I have had one in my 
hands for at least a week. 

But even in the rarified 
conditions of a test track it was 
apparent that the car we shall 
know as the new Bluebird is 
streets better than the Stanza it 

Major differences between 
the different models in the 
Bluebird range are as follows: 
Bluebird 1 .6 L four and five- 
door, standard equipment in- 
cludes five speed gearbox, 
cloth upholstery, reclining 
front seats, split reclining rear 
seats on the five door, height 
adjustable from head rests. 
LW/MW push button radio, 
halogen headlamps, and two- 
speed plus intermittent wip- 

Bluebird 1.6 LX four and 
five door has. in addition. 

power assisted steering, lami- 
nated windscreen, electrically 
adjusted door mirrors, three 
waveband stereo and cassette 
player, digital clock, rev 
counter, higher grade seat 
material, driver seat lumbar 
support, seat back pockets, 
map lamp, lockable glove box 
with lamp, illuminated igni- 
tion. headlamp warning buzz- 

The Bluebird 2.0 SLX four 
and five door: 2.0 engine and 
choice of automatic transmis- 
sion, 185SR 14 tyres, delayed 

courtesy lamp, door step 
lamp, door key hole illumina- 
tion. split folding rear seats (5 
door), access from rear seat to 
boot (four door), height ad- 
justable seat belt anchorage, 
forward-back adjustable head 
restraints, and body-coloured 

Bluebird 2.0 SGX four and 
five door has in addition alloy 
wheels, bronze tinted glass, 
headlamp wash/wipe, electric 
aerial, 4-speaker audio system 
with auto reverse cassette, 
radio with diversity tuning 
aerial, central locking, electric 
windows front and rear, heat- 
ed front seals. 

• Rocky road for Rolls 

page 29 

• Ford’s small wonder 

page 29 

• Contract cash saving 

page 31 

• Saving on diesel 

page 31 

• The sound of motoring 

page 32 

• Price is the priority 

page 33 

• The favourite estate 

page 33 









Like compands, no A \o 
Saab fleets are /be same. 

Each f;eei is custom built' 

to your requ-rements. 

igg$ )bu tel' us yow mileage and usage 
And we II recommend what you need. 

It could be leasing or contract hire. With or 

The difference is 
in our service. 

Over 2,000 companies can't be wrong . 

without maintenance. One car or our whole range (five 
cars) several times over. Whatever s necessary. 

Every car is carefully built with ihe emphas s placed 
on quality, reliability and safety /Is you 'd expect from an aircraft 

Pnces star! at £7.195 and finish up a t about £?' m.Son. 

For further details telephone Mariow {06284) 6977 or complete 

ihe coupon below. 

And take off for a test run 

The No.1 in Contract Hire 

01-993 0631 - 061-973 1088 

Send completed coupon to Charles Granger Cmpeste Sales 
Manager Saab Great Britain Ltd. Held House Lane. Mario*. 
Bucks 8L7 tLY. wm 

Name — — Poston 

Com/M-Ty Name- 

A abbess- „ 

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■ ! & V iS 

900 AMO <9004 SERIES 



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AH the tools you need 
to service your company care. 

• W U S S 

When Audi and Volkswagen manage 

sZoffT™ 7 ^ y ° U need is * P en £ 
ign off one invoice, once a month. 

We not only offer you a range of 

eassurtngly reliable care, but do wha fever's 

!!, ry to kee P them on the road 

Through our 380 dealers across the 

2T£T “J* ^ 0f ever ^ 

recovery IShTu ^ ^ to vebi ^ 

- «£££ «« - ™ rgy 

Without having to eu J ^ h°Z buSIness ’ 
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l * ~~ -- ~ — -i 

I D^tWPhax Number ■' ^355^- ^ 



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2 iiig 

An S-class by Mercedes-Benz, which makes more cars a year than Austin Rover; the Legend, Honda's partnership car with the Rover 800; a Vanxhall Cavalier and the nndenrated Austin Maestro 

Success in ihe executive car rW'Vl • 

sector is largely a matter of I IjO CBlljl 
image. Whatever a driver may AIIv fWUI 
say about their choice being • a 

the best car for their purpose irt taw 
within the price bracket alio- M3 MvFM 
cated. the most important 

factor influencing their choice ^.T_ ^ d~ 

remains the car’s rating asa T |1 M*. | I If |1 T 
status symbol. WAV' ilgU A 

A Renault director summed • 
it up nicely when he said: “It W TYI £1 CTP 

takes a car maker 20 years to IJHIilclv 

acquire a reputation as a . 

manufacturer of cars with that ' costing s little under £9,000. 
special something extra which . The most expensive, the 2.5 
makes them a desirable status litre V6 turbo, costs £ 1 8,700. 


An excellent test of a car’s 
standing is the way its owner 
refers to iL Ask owners of 
Mercedes, BMWs or Jaguars 
what they drive and you get 
die straightforward reply, “A 
Mercedes. ..a BMW.. .a 

Jaguar". Only when you press 
them for more information do 
they go into details such as 
engine size and special fea- 

Ask the driver of a Ford the 
same question and he falls 
over himself to give you 
details designed to show that 
his choice is not "just an 
ordinary Ford" but has ami- 
lock brakes, thief-proof locks, 
turbo-charging, four wheel 
drive, etc. 

The car they all have to beat 
remains the Ford Granada. 
Ford was aware of the danger 
it dropped when it replaced 
the phenomenally successful 
but oh so dull Cortina with the 
new streamlined Sierra. Fleet 
customers were just not ready 
to take risks with such a trend 
setter and opted instead for 
the more conservative Cava- 

But Sierra pioneered the 
way and by the time the new 
Granada appeared the public,- 
and more important for Ford, 
the fleet buyer, were condi- 
tioned to the new Ford family 
look. Throw in anti-lock 
brakes and security locks as 
standard equipment for the 
first time on a mass produced 

Long before Ford began to^carjind it quickly acquired an 
make an impact in the execu- image^-as a technically ad- 
tive sector with the first vanced car which was hardly 
Granada it spent a great deal justified by the rest of its 
of time and money consider- equipment Prices .range from 
ing how best to lift the image £9,217 for the basic Granada- 

ofits top-range 

models. For a m , . . . - 

injected engine is a beauty and 
in such a light car provides 
exhilarating performance. 
Thanks to its rear wheel drive 
lay-out it is also extremely safe 
and stable. 

One of my personal 
favourites is the BMW 528i 
automatic. This is the mid- 
range Five Series body 
powered by the robust 2.8 litre 
six cylinder engine which also 
appears in the much bigger 
Seven Series models. It is 
surprisingly frugal if driven 
with half a modicum of care 
for consumption but converts 
into a riproaring flyer at a 
touch of the throttle. 

It is not cheap — no BMW is 
— but at £ 1 7,000 is just the sort 
of car to play tunes on to 
match the mood of the mo- 

The new mid-range 
Mercedes 124 series with a 
choice of four engines ranging 
from 2 litre to 3 litre sets new 
standards for ride and han- 
dling. “Mercs” have always 
managed to convey a special 
aurora of luxury, quietness 
and Pullman ride. But they 
have not always been among 
the best handling cars. Now 
with a combination of the new 
multi-link suspension intro- 
duced first on the smaller 190 
series and a longer wheelbase 
the 200 series is a revelation. 

The 200 2 litre cosis£JZ500 
but is both slow and basically 
equipped More appealing is 
the 230E which uses the 2.3 
litre injected engine and costs 

£13,665. The 

,, . new Lancia 

Rolls-Royce still faces a rocky road 

: The resilcncc of the luxury car 
| markcL in a period of eco- 
I nomic recession, may contin- 
ue to.amaze those who- reckon 
without man’s propensity for 
conspicuous consumption. 

I There is no shortage. of com- 
j pany chairmen .to keep J aguar, . 
| Rolls-Royce and .Mercedes- 
Benz in profit - so ion&as the 
I product is .right. -. .'r . ' v 

‘ It is a lesson . that Jagdan in 
particular, had to learn a few 
I years back. Shoddy paintwork 
and chronic unreliability had 
helped to send sales tumbling 
and the company was losing 
money so heavily that it was 
touch and go whether the BL 
board would agree to further 

Over ihe last five years there 
has been a spectacular revival, 
which allowed Jaguar to be the 
first pan of BLto be sold back 
into private ownership. From 
the nadir of 1981. safes have 
risen from 14.000. cars ay ear 
to nearly 4Q.000. Productivity 
has increased even- faster, 
from 1.4 cars' aman a year’ to 
3.5 and there has been 'a 
largely successful campaign to 


Price {ex VAT) 
Engine (cc) 

Consumption ( 



. £62.964 



• £31.880 

— ' — nothing had happened. Rolls 

was suddenly caught out in 

1 982 when sales dropped by a 
■’rwKwJ?' Quancr. pan v blamed 
oouweax. high interest raies^ but there 
&2&19ic - «ts also the siispiciotilhai it 

Frontvfcng' - 1 - /; f; ?TS05.&;v 

Cfatch unit -V .***’.', 'Vi ‘ vini, 

Major service time -l2h.30in : ; S ,;4WjOr»‘ . . r'BhSflm , _j- 'T 

Insurance grfaup • ' 

Automatic Transmission ■. 

improve quality and reliabil- 

Jaguar's main task now is to 
■replace a range that has be- 
come a legend. Through all the 
company's troubles, there was 
never any doubt about the 
cars themselves, with their 
combination of surging power 
and almost eerie silence. But 

ago. But mindful of -the com- 
petition- — mainly from the 
Germans Mercedes-Benz and 
BMW — Jaguar was deter- 
mined to gel Jbc vehicle right 
from the start. Smaller and 

slump came only .iwo- years 
after, the introduction of a -new 
model. Critics saw ii as rcTrj- 
btmon. for failing id move 
with the times, pointing out 
that the Silver Spirit was even 
bigger than the Silver' - Shadow 
it replaced and only slightly 
less heavy on fuel. II remains, 
despite the best efforts of Rolls 
engineers, one of the world's 

never any doubt about the lighter than* the current sar engineers, one of the world's 
cars themselves, with their loons, jt wiff be powered by thirstiest-cars. 
combination of surging power the; ad-alloy AJ6 engine aP -1 • ; •* • , 

and almost eerie silence. But ready used In. thp XJS coupe j, Boys-Royte can well argue 
the current- saloons, iniro- and recemly.^launchcd - coatr-pBrat-the^few ihdusand cars it 
duced in. 1969, wilt- finally t* vemTSfeV/. T ; y^r are.'hard! y going 

superseded in- ..Ihe ^uUimn V- °»j. 

with ihe^aunehoT ifjeXJ4Q: J .-paifr'to;reco^r^;‘il%)i®h iproblem of 

■ Thisicar has been long ip graces* sparing must be 

development -and ’was expect- -.After jailin&th rough tfciener- -u seea to* be -m' ‘ ifune with the 
ed introduced two years. gy crises of "flie :‘^970s SSiT- times: V - - .. 

The German thoroughness that 
impressed the British 

time there was The car they all have to beat is still the Ford Thema looks 

a possibility Granada, now more technically advanced ,ike P v ing the 
that it would _ up-market arm 

that it would _ 
drop the name 
Ford altogether and label 
them with the name of its 
Italian styling subsidiary. 
Ghia- In the end it compro- 
mised and called them Ford 

At a lime when most Euro- 
pean mass producers of popu- 
lar priced cars are losing 

So long dominated by the Ford cbo logical barrier Vanxhall 
Cortina, the mediom-car sec- was able to impress its castom- 
for — crucial for winning fleet ers with just bow good a car 
business — h««, in the last two the Cavalier was. It took off 

money hand over fist because quietness always commands 
of the price war, the executive respect Until the smaller 

car sector has become ex- 
tremely attractive: It has by no 
means avoided the full rav- 
ages of discounting but com- 
pared with the popular car the 
executive model still com- 
mands a good profit for 
manufacturerand deaferaiifcg. 

For that reason more and ” 
more mass producers are ven- 
turing into it with new models 
and high hopes. One of the 
most successful has been Re- 
nault with the R25. Last year 
Renault sold 10.000 R25s in 
Britain. And nearly half of 
them were bought by fleets. 

It is easily the best-looking 
car Renault has produced. The 
15.2ft long hatchback body is 
also one of the most aerody- 
namical ly efficient in the 
world. It has a spacious interi- 
or and an excellent relaxing 

Five versions are imported 

engined 2.3 litre 740 version 
was introduced, the 760 with a 
choice of 2.3 turbocharged or 
2.8 V6 was restricted by price 
to the upper echelons only of 
the executive sector. 

The’740 with three levels of 

of Fiat its first 

to £18,924 for the exciting four contender in the profitable 
wheel drive version of the executive car sector. If a little 
flagship Granada Scorpio 2.8 bland in its styling it is 
litres. . nevertheless one of the most 

Volvo's big arid rather ag- competitive and refined cars 
gressive looking 700 series on offer. Four versions are 
may not be everybody’s cup of being imported, all fod injecl- 
tea — you either like them or ed. They range from a 2 litre at 
you don’t but their quality and £11,000. to £15,500 for a 
-quietness always commands luxuriously equipped 2 litre 
respect Until the smaller turbo. My favourite is the 2.8 
engined 2.3 litre 740 version litre V6 automatic. At £14,600 
was introduced, the 760 with a it is a very good buy. 
choice of 13 turbocharged or The Saab 9000 turbo 16 is 
2.8 V6 was restricted by price one of the oustanding new 
to the upper echelons only of arrivals in what is becoming 
the executive sector. an overcrowded sector, it is a - 

Tbe'740 with three levels of 1 beautifully' styled and excep- 
equipmeni and: Trim>slo» - .tioiialiy spacious five. seat 
nicely into the big . selling :> hatchback with .a real Jekyll 
£10,000 to £13,000 bracket and Hyde personality. Its 2 
Volvo brand loyalty is particu- litre turbo charged engine 
larly strong and the arrival, of allows it to potter along like 
the 700 series enabled its ihe most docile family saloon- 
supporters to stay with the But put it to the sword and it 
marque when they are ready will hurtle to 60mph in 7.9 
to graduate from the 240. secs and top I39mph. 

The Alfa 90 which arrived At £16,000 it is not cheap 
fast year is really a stand-in for but such exceptionally well- 
the long awaited 164 executive equipped cars do not come 
saloon now delayed until cheap. Nevertheless. I expect 
1987. The 90 is less lhan 14'Zz the non -turbocharged version 
ft long and that is short for the due out soon to be the bigger 
general run of executive cars, seller in Britain. . • 

Bui it is competitively priced A car which will have a far 
at £1 1.180 (there is only one reaching impact on theexecu- 
version the 2.5 litre Gold live market will not appear 
Cloverieaf). The alloy V6 before late June. I refer of 

years, become the undisputed 
province of VauxhalTs mid- 
range model, die Cavalier. 

The Cavalier's chance came 

with die arrival of the mark 
two in 198U: Alive to flttt 
prejudice against hatchbacks, 
Vanxhall shrewdly, offered the 

the Cortina had come to the 

end or its life and tilt, the ® predeces- 

repUce fflciU.'ai«it fraa aban- i^, ;AmmlslIhn 
damn* ttK Cortrn name, _ ^ J 1-3 1-6 

should also be a radical depar- vliivtinii a 

tnrein tfnp, o fdesign-In tee 

.mi t L.c: n eooomicaL But a l-s litre was 

01 the aew car, the Sierra, fleet cnhcamanHs «iUmI and alon a 

Insurance group 

Cavafier 1.6L 
-. 4 door/ 

nmL The imw flamboya^ -price (exVAT) £6,1 

styling, addition of atailgate Engine (cc) ' -I,! 

and change to independent Co^umphonfn^g }:^ 'x 
rear saspeusiou were largely .1 Urban - -'.-2 

dictated, by the ^demands' ^of 56 mph - ^ 

Continental motorists. ■ --_J-J5mph J 

Bm raqve cooservativeBrit- . - ^ 

&b Qeetm anaeers woescepti- ’ ! . 

cal and' initial teething - lv1 

tronbles did not help. Thai th* lnsuraf e. 9??g 

Sierra was a saparkH- -car to ■ 

with the Cavalier or Sierra 
would take a lot of convincing 
that they should change from 
the tried and tested to a new 

rr r s u „vrp’r 

■ '.-29.7 

• ; 47.0 

• •£54.50 
‘ £71.31 
nhl2 m 


Siena ML 
5 door/ 
4 speed 




2h 24m 


1.6L 4 door/ 



2h 18m 

with, the Cavalier or Sierra 
would take a lot of convincing 
that they shonki change from 
the tried and tested to a new 
and unknown model from a 



Ford Granada 

Rover 2600 

Volvo 740 

26 Ghia 



Price (ex VAT) 




Engine (cc) 




Consumption (mpg): 




56 mph 




75 mph 




Front wing 




Clutch unit 



Major service time 

2h 24m 

2h 33m 

2h 30m 

insurance group 




*“ Automatic Transmission 

and Hyde personality. Its 2 
litre turbo charged engine 
allows it to potter along like 
the most docile family saloon. 
But put it to the sword and it 
will hurtle to 60mph in 7.9 
secs and top 139mph. 

At £16,000 it is not cheap 
but such exceptionally well- 
equipped cars do not come 
cheap. Nevertheless. I expect 
the non -turbocharged version 
due out soon to be the bigger 
seller in Britain. . • 

A car which will have a far 
reaching impact on the execu- 
tive market will not appear 
before late June. I refer of 
course to the much debated 
new Rover 800 which is being 
produced in partnership with 
Honda Japan. 

A feature of the Rover 800 
will be the new, all British 2 i 
litre. 16 valve, four cylinder 
M16 engine which will be 
fitted to some versions. Econ- 
omy versions use a new type 
of injection system developed 
and manufactured "in-house” 
by BL’s SU Fuel Systems Co 
at Birmingham. 


Ol UKKH OIT, UK wrra, lltci - • L_. t .PA. IW MW lOMVUnj VI ua piuu- UICV«T«IHIAUU 

aungmtar^dtodKC.n- - . beat™. Unlike the Stem, it U 

^ah-aaempt diesel, wiAat tfae tbe-v one, were front-wheel dme. 

y compatible: to cominae the with four-wheel drive. m^b better 111 - when ^ two litre and the top of the 

hC. soccess of the Cortina on the Launched in 1984, the A us- sales' reached 73,955 — with- range model is a turbocharged 

h? Sr? British market, while giving tin Montego found itself np ^ senowly threatening to MC . Its best may be yet to 

by tin tnj of M wyt ar bg Fonl » n&imi ^iost m wrtl-MtreodK* oild. the S«m or C»«Jier. come. w 

nt non i. presence on the Conti- rivals. Fleet managers happy And yet hem for item it r 

132,000 to 113,000. In last 
year’s bigger market the Cava- 
lier moved further away, sell- 
ing 134335 units to the 
Sierra’s 101,642. 

Part of the Cortina’s success 
was because for many years 
there was no convincing alter- 
native. Vanxhall had nothing; 
to offer in' the median sector 
and British Leyiand only the 
lacklustre Moms Marina. 
Then came the Cavalier 
which, like ail cars now bear- 
ing the Vanxhall badge, was a 
WestGerman design, engi- 
neered and developed by Gen- 
eral Motor's subsidiary, OpeL 

That turned oat to be one of 
its strengths. German engi- 
neering had long been admired 
in Britain and so had the 
quality and finish of German 
cars. To the fleet manager, 
reliability and durability are 
particularly important because 
they cut running costs. Both 
were areas that had let 
Vanxhall down In the past. 

Having overcome the psy- 

.admjttedly pot a. fall one, were 
Wfltlr >4,700: unit^. The car dhT 
much beflef iu 1985 — when 
sales' reached 73,955 — with- 
out seriously threatening to 
catch the Sierra or Cavalier. 

And yet hem for item it 


makes the Esso Chargecard 
even more flexible. 


See it all at Stand number GS16 
ev Fleet News MtoShoi^ 


Ford’s small wonder is a big hit 

Ford's dominance of the 
small-medium sector is sim- 
ply expressed in figures. In 
1985. for the second year 
running, the Escort sold twice 
as many units 1 1 57.269) as its 
nearest rival, the Vauxhall 
Astra (76.553). thus easily 
retaining its position as 
Britain's best-selling model. 

With the Escort's booted 
derivative, the Orion, picking 
up another 65.363 customers. 
Ford could also boast the third 
most popular model in the 
group, leaving Austin Rover's 
contender, the Maestro, in a 
disappointing fourth place. 
Maestro sales, at 57,527. were 
well down on the 83.000 of 

In the circumstances an 
Escort facelift would seem 
hardly necessary but the car 
has been on the road for just 
over five years and Ford 
judged that the time was ripe 
to freshen the range. The 
improvements are not dra- 
matic but can only make the 
cars even harder to beat. 

When the Escort was origi- 
nally launched, serious doubts 
were expressed as to whether 
the car would have the same 
appeal to the fleet market as 
the previous model. Fleet 
managers have traditionally 
favoured simple designs likely 
to give little trouble and these 
did not include features like 
transverse engines and front- 
wheel drive. 

The new Escort also depart- 
ed from fleet car orthodoxy in 
offering a hatchback bodyshell 
instead Of a saloon with 
separate booL Despite initial 
suspension problems and fuel 

consumption figures a little on 
the high side, ail doubts were 
soon swept aside. 

In any case the introduction 
of (he Orion in the middle of 
1983 offered a booted alterna- 
tive to buyers who had still not 
taken to the hatchback. Ford's 
fear that the Orion might take 
sales from the Escort has not 
materialized. Instead, there is 
evidence that the Orion is 
selling to former Cortina own- 
ers who have not taken to the 

The recent changes, shared 
by the Escort and Orion, 
include styling modifications 
to create a greater family 
resemblance to Ford*s bigear. 
the Granados, smarter interi- 
ors with more standard equip- 
ment and. for the firet time on 
a smallish family car. the 
Option of anti-lock brakes. 

There is also a new 1.4 litre 
engine, which gives a choice of 
no fewer lhan seven power 
units, from 1.1 to 1.6 litre and 
including a turbo and a diesel. 
The revised cars go on sale on 

The Aslra underwent its 

mid-term facelift in 1984 and 
duly picked up the award for 
Car of the Year. The “mark 
two" was mechanically much 
as before but there was an 
entirely new bodyshell, 
smoother in line, more attrac- 
tive and having the lowest 
drag factor (0.32) in its class. 
This aerodynamic improve- 
ment meant gains in both 
performance and fuel econo- 
my. The car was also roomier 
inside and claimed a bigger 
boot than any ofits rivals. 

Distinguished by its taut 
handling, the Astra is another 
car with a wide choice of 
engines — four petrol units 
from 1.2 to 1.8 litres and a 1.6 
diesel. Like the Escort, it is 
available as a three-door and 
five-door hatchback and as an 

Last year the Astra overlook 
the Maestro and Vauxball's 
position in the small/medium 
sector will be further strength- 
ened with the recent introduc- 
tion of the Belmont. 
Essentially a booted version of 
the Astra, it is Vauxhail's 
answer to the Orion and could 


Ford Escort 



Astra 1.3L 

5 door 

5 door 

Price (ex VAT) 



Engine (CC) 
Consumption (mpg): 






56 mph 



75 mph 



Front wing 



Clutch unit 



Major service time 



insurance group 



1-31 5 door 



2h 6m 

have a similar impact Cer- 
tainly it does not lack in boot 

Now nearly three years old. 
the Maestro continues to sell 
disappointingly for a car that 
on technical merit should be 
doing much better. It seems 
not to have overcome the 
handicap of arriving in the 
market late, with its main 
rivals, the Escort and Astra, 
already well established. 

Yet it could claim to offer 
much to the fleet buyer. 
Servicing and running costs, 
helped by good fuel consump- 
tion. were said to be the lowest 
in the class, and robot assem- 
bly promised well for quality. 
It also scored highly on com- 
fort and interior space. 

Mechanically the Maestro 
broke with Austin tradition by 
jettisoning hydragas suspen- 
sion for springs, although it 
retained the transverse 
engine/front wheel drive lay- 
out. Apart from the two litre 
used in the MG version, the 
engines are both much-devel- 
oped Austin uniti The 1.3 
litre goes back to the 1950s 
and 1.6 derives from the 
overhead camshaft design first 
used in the Maxi. 

With gearboxes from Volks- 
wagen. the Maestro was a car 
designed around modest re- 
sources. But its relative lack of 
success may owe more to 
public - and particularly fleet 
- perception of Austin Rover 
lhan any senous drawbacks as 
a vehicle. 

i CHECK UP with Esso Chargecard's new 
Fuel Operations Control and Usage System - which 
provides fuIJ analysis on dll purchases, any 
misuses or abuses, and focuses attention on 
poor performance by any veliicle. 

KEEP UP with new developments in tech- 
nology at Esso Service Stations which ensure total 
security from pump to invoice and give a faster 
more comprehensive service then ever before. 

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plete the coupoa / \ 



TVlmk-oni'r n pd W {b\ < mu Jl l*jf 
I ctlhdiH Midd frvVMtNfTi. 

:ned. Rolls The Spirit is not expected to 

ght out in stay in production for 10) cars 

opped by a as the Shadow did. The com - 
tnv blamed pany is already working on 
v&m there modifications to the huge n. - - 
rio» that it litre v * engine, the logical 
tfuhfotrthe next step is a lighter, perhaps 
mgfcijuBd smaller, bodyshell. The an- 
swers will have a crucial 
oas ri ng on the company's 
^ra^sunival in the 1990s. 

' Mercedes-Benz has been 
$aSdi£ ihe.---’ suffering few such agonies. 
XviO years' Despite operating exclusively 
Onofanew at the expensive end of the 
ii as rctrj- market, it makes more ears a 
(d move year than Austin Rover and its 
smiing out flagship, the S Class, has been 
it was even an object lesson in. to quote 
ref Shadow ihe company's phrase, "mak- 
ily slightly ing the big car respectable". 
lr remains. Introduced to Britain in 
ins of Rolls J980 and powered by lighl- 
Lhe world's alloy, cight-eylindcr engines of 
: 3.8 and five litres, the cars 

■JOS areue COU,d C,aim 1 0 pCF CC " 1 bc i’ Cr 
consumption over their big- 

ger-engine predecessors but 
with no loss of performance. 
lV ? r ‘ , s Since then the range has 

KDblem ot undcrgonc furlhe r moditica- 
>J»s must be Mons . 

le with the _ . 

Peter Waymark 

yields little or nothing to its 
rivals. Handling, perfor- 
mance, economy and comfort 
are as good as those of most 
cars in the sector, while on 
interior and boot space it has 
the Cavalier and Sierra clearly 
beaten. Unlike the Sierra, it is 
a traditional three-box saloon. 

front-wheel drive. 

Engines are from 1J to 1.6 
and two litre and the top of the 
range model is a turbocharged 
MG. !ts best may be yet to 
come. p^y 


AVON ... 


De Montalt, Summer Lane, 
Combe Down, Bath. 

Telephone: 0225 835799 


H.B. Telecommunications Ltd. 

27 Carxfiff RoacLUrton. 
Telephone: 0582 454129 


Jet Range T el ephones 

The Bishop Centre. 

Bath Road, Tap low, 


Telephone: 0628 667600 
Clover Tblecom 
42 Armardate Court, 

Wfestcote Road, 


Telephone: 0734 588894 
KE TWecom Ltd. 

20 St. Austell Road, 


Telephone: 072681 5673 
Plymouth 509200 
Auto Music 
9 Vemey Street, 


Telephone: 0392 50303 


The Superohone Centre 

19 Crouch Street. 


Telephone: 0202 561399 
The Dialling Tbne 
132 The Galleries. 

Eastgate Mall. 


Telephone: 0268 20831 

Car Radio Services 

25 Sherboume Gardens, 

Telephone: 0702 338094 

i'l 5 




• ' ■IT*? #>4 

• L 

■ - , 

Buy your car ’phone now at unbeatable prices from 

the national network of Gazelle Authorised Dealers. 

We can offeryou the widest selection of product, top 
quality service and installation and quite simply -the best 
price you’ll find anywhere. 

For companies we can also provide private wire 
access, vehicle location systems and data and TVpicture 
transmission over Cellular. 

Take advantage of this incredible price and ring your 
nearest dealer now! 

5 Mtett-.y* 



. ■f 



Bell Marketing Ltd. 

364 Fuham Road, 

London SW10. 

Telephone: 01 -351 7111 
Gazelle Communications Ltd. 

80 Old Brampton Road, 

London SW7. 

Telephone 01 -581 8011 

The Nobel Telephone Company 

6 Ovington Street, 

London SW3. 

Telephone: 01-581 8521 
Lynton International TVading Ltd. 
73 Elizabeth Street, 

London SW1. 

Telephone: 01 -730 8545 (24 hours) 
Massgrove Ltd. 

6 Central Circus, 

Vivian Avenue, Hendon, 

London NW4. 

Telephone: 01 -202 3477/8 
CarTel Communications 
Trafalgar House, 

Grenvifle Place, Min Hill. 

London NW7. 

Telephone: 01 -906 4141 
New World Telecom 
6 David House, 

45 High Street. South Norwood. 
London SE25. 

Telephone; 01 -771 0421 
Network Cellular 
33 Dartmouth Road, 

Forest Hill. . 

London SE23. 

Telephone: 01 -699 8000 
Martin Audio Services 
6-8 Linkfield Road, 



Telephone: 01-560 6343 

Motorphone Ltd. 

6 South Mo Item Street. 

London W1. 

Telephone: 01 -629 9502 

Advance Telecom 

39 Grafton W&y, 

London Wl. 

Telephone: 01 -636 6772 
G & B International 
144 Peckham Rye, 

London SE22. 

Telephone: 01 -693 0319 

Southern Telephones 
44 Bedford Race, 


Telephone: 0703 227103 
D.W Supplies 
RO. Box 12, 


Telephone: 0730 67278 
Talking Point Telephones 
1 The Colonnade. 

Verulam Road. St. Albans. 
Telephone: 0727 68841 
P.O. Box 71, 


Telephone: 01 -440 8024 
Airphone Ltd 
6 Upland Road. 


Telephone: 01 -361 1188 


Berkeley Communications Ltd. 

49 Grasvenor Road, 

Tunbridge Wells. 

Telephone: 0392 33969 
Kent Communications 
17 The Drive. 

West Wickham. 

Telephone: 01-777 1769 

Lawmont Cellular 

8a Church Road. 



Telephone: 061 945 5205 

DiaMn Telephone Centre 

9 Newton Street, 

Rccadilly, Manchester. 
Telephone: 061 236 1278 
G & B International Ltd. 
Rectory Road, Crumpsall, 

Telephone: 061 720 7103 


Complete Communications 
4 Lincoln Road, 


Telephone: 0553 766299 



10 Caimsmore Close, 
Collingwood Grange, 

Telephone: 0670 734574 

Lynx Communication Systems 
Teltech House, 


Telephone: 0670 856666 


Anglia Telecom 

22 Crown Street. Ipswich. 
Telephone: 0473 226947 

The Weybridge Garage Ltd. 

Boumeside House, 

Addtestone Road, Wfeybridge. 
Telephone: 0932 58866 

Ansa tel 

23 Station Approach. 

West Bvfleet. 

Telephone: 09323 49635 
Cranlefgh Communications 
Bedlow Lane, 


Telephone: 0483 274252 


The Telephone & CB Shop 

25a Langney Road. 


Telephone: 0323 644457 

Southern Telephones & Electrical 

2 High Street, 


Telephone: 0903 725501 
Phone Home 
25 Carfax, 


Telephone: 0403 53001 
Phone Consult Ltd. 

85a High Street, 


Telephone: 0273 473880 

Wei beck Enterprises 

Old Brewery Court, 

Sandyford Road, Jesmond, 

Telephone: 0632 618861 

Phoneminder Ltd. 

45 Gravelly Lane. Erdington, 

Telephone: 021 382 4233 

Jeremy Somers 

The Clrffey, 

Hanley Castle. 

Telephone: 0684 310685 

Sellphone Ltd. 

320Wishaw Road. 

Waterloo, Wishaw, 


Telephone: 0698 375706 

Brannock Communications 

78 Queens Road, 


Telephone: 0224 311311 

Telecom Solutions 

Unit 1 , Arches Workshop, 

Bute Street, Cardiff. 

Telephone: 0222 464174 



- ■ - * a* # 

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'■■■■■ -**■■&*& 
- i 'WfKS 

4 \ & ! jT\ 5» 

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tv. ‘Cl ; 


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cellular telephone. 

Gazelle Group Pic, South Bank Business Centre 
Ponton Road, London SW8 5BL Telephone: 01-627 0000. 


gflA.Q T3?IJl\gUDO^ 

^ Tys- 

'«£ 7*;;' «<;v 

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More employers are finding there are cheaper ways of getting the vehicles they need 

Companies that cash in with contracts 

Increasing evidence is emerg- 
ing of a move by companies 
from outright purchase of fleet 
cars towards contract hire. 
The latest survey In January 

_ i 


I fr? . 

S re «*■* - 

s -*» . *'• 

shift in 12 months from 82 per 
cent ouuigbt purchase to 76 
per cent among larger compa- 

leasing shaded marginally 
to just under 10 per cent while 
contract hire, the choice of 8 
per cent at the start of last 
year, rose to 15 per cent 

Contract hire and 
are already much more in 
favour with medium-size and 
smaller companies. Among 
those with annual sales be- 
tween £50 million and £200 
million only 49 per cent 
favoured outright purchase;, 
according to the guide. Small- 
er companies than that in 
turnover terms were slightly 
more biased in favour of 
outright buying at 52 per cent 

Overall, 63 per cent of 
companies still favoured out- 
right purchase, according to 
the survey. Another 15 per 
cent leased and 11 per cent 
used contract hire. 

But the different needs of 
companies is reflected in the 
smaller company analysis 
which showed 20 per cent 
opted for contract hire, 14 per 
cent selected leasing and an- 
other 14 per cent used a 
mixture of methods. 

It is as well to define the 
difference between the various 
ways in which a vehicle may 
be purchased. Outright pur- 

■ If! •• ' $$ ' 

9. -ift&aieSs (S3 

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PS : |§ 


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• TSs&Kt-S &-21 

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P I ; ,:.;;: 

S 5 J 4 ffZEJrtJTtfSi value, always one of the more 

things to assess when 
SL’^SJ^Sf "rtf* with a new vehicle eventual 
a “k couid he two years or 
mixture of methods. more away. 

i^L U t ° ? efine . the Contract hire will usually 
difference between the various cover foil maintenance, to- 
ways in which avehide may 0 ^ with toad fund tax, 
be purchased. Outright pur- servicing, rew££ 

chaaisnotnetjssanlyom of renewal of batteri^andSS 
capital or cash flow; rash can ^ relief vehicles when need- 

T alrfng a took: Potential customers try out Anstin-Rover cars at the Amigraha Convention Centre, near Windsor 
the factor of residual car in real terms between contract Contract hire, he suggests, constructive way of sorting 

Wl vudU MWTTji MIOU 14U1 

also come out ofbank borrow- 
ing, and hire purchase ar- 
rangements are also still 
widely used. 

Leasing comes in 
various forms 

ed. Membership of a motoring 
organization is usually thrown 
in. There are control systems 
for petrol buying. At the same 
time a company taking on a 
contract hire agreement ran 
often opt for only parts of tbe 
total package. It may suit a 
company with mechanics on 
Leasing comes in various the staff still to carry out its 
forms but its main advantage own servicing. Or it might 
is that it can free capital or prefer to arrange its own 
borrowing capacity for more financing, 
fruitful uses in a business. Lease purchase is another 
Finance leasing is simply a variation. The company using 
financing operation, with the a vehicle gets possession and 
vehicle sold on at the end of use on payments by instal- 
the agreement, typically of two ment over an agreed period, 
or three years' duration. It is but at tbe end of that period 
up to the business using the the user- company has the 
vehicle to buy it, maintain it option 10 buy the vehicle for a 
and sell if off nominal sum. 

“Balloon” leases minimise Another recent survey 
stage payments with a large which found an _ increasing 
slice of agreed overall pay- popularity for yehicle leai 
ment being levied at the end of and contract hire is a 1 
an agreement The residual report for Hertz, the wor 
value of the vehicle can be set largest car-rental comps 
against this. The problem can which in Britain is also 
arise that the vehicle re-sale volved in both leasing ; 
value may turn out to be lower contract hire. Research ami 
than expected, because of the Hertz custom ers s howed 
vagaries on the second-hand per cent had turned to c 
market- tract hire because it fr 

Fleet management contracts capital for other uses and 
are a natural complement to per cent died improved c 
finance leases by offering ad- flow as a factor in ns 
vice and expertise on bbying, contract hire. They also liJ 
running and servicing a car. A the lax concessions and ft 
good fleet manag ement com- dom from ad m i n istral 
pany can impose the same sort problems, 
of control over costs as a Hertz argues that sim 
contract hire company. Usual- arithmetic on car buying 1 

hire and purchasing and at 
best contract hire could even 
be cheaper. 

According to Hertz, 43 per 
cent of companies buying 
their own vehicles get no 
discount at all while only 22 
per cent secure discounts of 1 5 
per cent or more, dearly 
companies considering wheth- 
er they want to move to 
contract hire should discover 
how for it may be possible to 
secure substantial discounts. 

Contract hire, he suggests, constructive way of sorting 
can offer an optional way of this one oul Hire companies 

deciding who has which type 
of car when choices have to be 
made on the levels of spending 
to be allowed to those at 
different levels of a company 

If a deasion is made accord- 
ing to the initial cost ofa car, it 

after all have to solve the 
problem of what overall costs 
are because they do not want 
to lose money when putting 
their packages together." 

User-chooser options have 
grown markedly in the last lew 
years, said Mr Harcourt. Add- 

can mean that one executive ed to' that, there was a wider 
may choose a car which is range of choices in cars avail- 

more expensive to run than 
that chosen by another. This 

able, he pointed out. Ford and 
Vauxhall were now highly 

. has become clearer as more -competitive, with BL models 

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report for Hertz, the world’s 
largest car-rental company, 
which in Britain is also in- 
volved in both leasing and 
contract hire. Research among 
Hertz customers showed 63 
per cent had turned to con- 
tract hire because it fined 
capital for other uses and 53 
per cent died improved cash 
flow as a factor in using 
contract hire. They also liked 
the tax concessions and free- 

Fleet candi d ates; A Montego and a Maestro van outside the Anngraha Centre 

The war among the leading 
manufacturers has meant that 
even tbe individual motorist 
can secure discounts from list 

But clearly, as the Hertz 

companies have given every- 
body value bands from which 
to choose any car they wish to 
run — the user-chooser system 
as it has come to be known. 

The option on contract hire 

also making a recovery, he 

Rc-sale values can vary 
greatly, according to tbe latest 
analyses by Leasecou tracts, a 
contract hire company 

S5SJS points out, the chances feiusetteSdSS^Tcrf 1984 with backing 

dom from administrative 0 f getting good discounts are this method of securing a fleet £°“ Citicorp Development 
proWems. best with a big company. This car to set the band! frmn Capital, part of the US-based 


Hertz argues that simple 
arithmetic on car buying and 

ly there is no guarantee of eventual sale can be mislead- 
vehirie residual values, al- ing. Hertz mai ntain s that the 

though advice is often avail- 

Contract hire usually covets 
virtually everything with all 
the risks down to the contract 
hire company. This includes 

buying power of a big organi- 
zation combined with a realis- 
tic estimate of the cost of 
administration on running ve- 
hicle fleets could mean there is 

is the likeliest explanation 
why more medium-sized and 
smaller companies turn to 
contract hire. 

Tony Harcourt, who com- 
piles the Monks guide, said: 
“Clearly smaller companies 
have been doing tbe.i 
arithmetic and there has been 

which the heirarchy may be 1 ** 

allowed to choose vehicles. ^ 

That way the foil cost of 

ninninD a vi>hirb> ran hp tolrpn brought OUt the 1986 edition 

aiing costs of more than ISO 
vehicles instead of merely 
reflecting initial purchase cost 
For the first time it looks .at 
dieser alternatives o»' Qtyftbp 
cars. ■ ; •' V ;j 

Two different- vehicles, each 
with a price teg. of £5,500, can ; 
differ on operating cost .by, 
more than £400 a year, accord- , 
ing u> Leasecou tracts. It says, 
residual values can also be 
crucial: two different models, 
each costing -£ 10.000 when 
new, can vary in resale value ■ 
after three years by as much as 
£ 2 ^ 00 . 

British cars come well out of 
this. Residual values are gen- 
erally better, there are lower 
capital., costs . especially.,. bev 
cause .of- dESCQunjing'^a&T 
maintenance costs less. 7?:."^ 
-Among the guided condfc- , 
sions is thdx on this overall ; 
costing basis. BL's Montego';! 
1.6L is the top fleet car, 
although French marques i 
score id smaU-car categories. 
Ford leads in small sponiqg. | 
cars. Peugeot is top among , 
diesels. I 

In the compact car and fleet ] 
groups that account for three 
quarters of fleet sales, honours 
seem divided between Austin 
Rover and Vauxhall,. 

- Ford,, strong in thi^-sdciOjr; Stilt 
doing -.very respectably 
. often in rental^mfos, 
-teast'fooi^b bchirfid mai^ Dai- 
ly on fitel ■cxjsmmjftiimi 
One problem' ijTSfflt the 
many basic factors do out stay, 
the same. Ftxrd Sierra Tesidusd ' 
values are improving and are 
set to overtake VanxMlfs 
Cavalier, according to the 
guide. Additional nokost op- 
tions are increasingly being 
offered by manufacturers, a 
recent example being Ford’s 
Sierra sun roof at no extra .' 
cost. Special packages 
coming through for Austin 4 " 
Rover and Vauxhall models, 
the guide points oul 
Companies with a buy- 
British policy on fleet cars 
could be facing some difficult 
decisions. Some Vauxhall and 
Ford cars are already built 
abroad. Bin Japan's Nissan 
will soon be producing its 
Stanza model in Britain at 
Washington in the North-East 
and Peugeot's 309 model will 
be coming off the production 
line at Ryton in increasing 

Leasecontracts .. maintains 
like some others in tbe trade 
that contract hire is growing at 
the rate of 15 to 20 per cent a 
peaxjl yFhe Monks analysis 
more, than supports that for 
JasCypag jBufjifaby rate until 
last year contract hire may 
well bav£ been growing at 
nearer five per cent a year. 

One factor is dear. Compa- 
nies are clearly becoming 
more expert at assessing what 
the true costs are of running 
fleet cars giving tearing and 
contract hire operators a bet- 
ter chance of selling competi- 
tive packages tfbicb until now 
may have proved a mite 
complex for some company 
executives to appreciate. 

Derek Harris 

Sales of diesel cars in Britain 
still lag well behind those of 
most continental countries 
but there has been a dramatic 
‘ ejq$tosi<££$uring the past five 
yeaetTas flgr virtues of diesel 
: have Maneerio come across. 

. Fleet dtfsfifrners, in particu- 
lar, are cashing in on the lower 
consumption and greater du- 

Thanks to the development 
of fasl-glow plugs, ignition is 
now virtually as quick as in a 
petrol car. 

The performance penalty 
has also been reduced. Time 
was when a two-litre diesel car 
would accelerate at about the 
same rate as a Mini, and the 
bigger the diesel engine, tbe 

rability the diesel engine of- more sluggish it fell in coni- 
fers. Over the high annual parison with its petrol coun- 

mileages of fleet cars, the 
; savings can run to thousands 
! of pounds a year. 


Drivers wanting brisk per- 
formance would still not 

In 1 975 only 300 diesel cam choose a diesel car to give it to 
were sold in Britain. The big them, although if acceleration 
leap came in 1984 when, through the gears remains on 
largely because of the intro- th^gurel|L||ride. most, of 
duction of a 1 . 6 -litre engine by tomjaffliesSpmU maintain a 
i^&rd, the maxtokpearly dou^mqWBgm jyMtte top speed 
'Wed to or strain. 

L(ftg|ijgKm>tion for 
hurffiRMho want to 
}e fot^^onomy of 
great a 

represented omy 3 * ppr,oe 

represenWoniy' 3 - 6 ' wr, cent die^t^in^aoo great a 
of all neVw ttas. sold m’Britem- that 

and coiripares^'wfth recea£t is T u ™° P , 11 ? 5 

I figures for Irate 1 the biggest- 
European diesel market - of 
26 to 28 per cenL As in other 

zip “lost” in 
the transition from a petrol to 
a diesel engine, although it 

continental countries, the fuel does add to the vehicle's price. 

price has been a decisive 

In Italy, for instance, diesel 
costs tittle more than a third as 

- pens* 

and in^ome 

i areas' aduaBy v^gB 
! rnoie^expieo- ^ 

.in petrol, 

consequent ffl-C-fV’ ^ 

* the 

forecourts, the 

situation is not likely to alter. 

Tbe case for diesel must 
therefore be made on other 
factors and the most impor- 
tant of these is consumption. 
Petrol cars have become more 
economical in the past decade, 
but the diesel can still offer 
between 25 and 30 per cent 
more miles to the gallon. 

Admittedly, the difference 
is greater in town driving than 
on the open road, which is 
why diesel is so popular for 
taxis. But counted over mile- 
ages that for a fleet owner can 
easily average 40,000 a year, 
the savings can be impressive. 

Tbe second advantage is in 
lower maintenance costs. Not 
only do diesels require less 
servicing but all the evidence 
suggests they are more reli- 
able. Scottish and Newcastle 
Breweries, one of the first 
companies to switch its car 
fleet completely to diesel, 
estimated that maintenance 
costs were 30 per cent down. 

The device is specially ap- 
propriate to big cars and has 
been adopted on such models 
760 and 

by supply. Not so long ago the 
only manufacturers to offer 
diesel cars in Britain were 
relatively small volume im- 
porters such as Mercedes- 
Benz, Opel and Peugeot 

Now the choice is extensive 
and, significantly, diesels have 
entered the top 
manufacturers' catalogues. 
Ford stimulated sales in Brit- 
ain by imroducting its 1 . 6 -litre 
engine in mid-1984. Fitted to 
the Fiesta. Escort and Orion, 
this unit alone accounts for a 
third of all diesels sold in 

With a 2.3 Peugeot engine 
available on the Sierra range. 
Fond has come from nowhere 
to dominate the British diesel 

Peugeot, with the little 205 
as its most successful diesel 
model is number two. The one 
notable absentee, apart from a 
diesel version of the Rover 
produced mainly for export, is 

The inherent advantages of Austin Rover, 
diesel counted for little so long But that will change in the 

running a vehicle can be taken 
into account, he pointed out 

Mr Harcourt sakfc “It is a 

of its Company Car Cost 
Calculator **, which gives an 
at-a-glance guide to the oper- 


** Company car Com 


as the engines were noisy, 
sluggish and difficult to start. 

The improvement has now 
been remarkable, particularly 
at the smaller end of the 
market where Volkswagen led 
the way with a diesel Golf. 
Apart from a suggestion of the 
Met; diesel clatter during the 
warm-up period, the engine^ 
coifld almost have passed fofa 
petrol version. 

autumn with the introduction 
of the long-awaited two-cylin- 
der diesel developed jointly by 
Austin Rover and Perkins. 
Using a direct-injection sys- 
tem that should beat conven- 
tional diesels on power and 
economy, it is likely to be 
offered on ih&Ott&mego and 

. i * : tip-* » 

s-.-WrO PW 

at worst tittle difference in cost- some move to contract hire.” 

We were manag in g car fleets 
when a Sierra was just a 
mountain range. 



In the 1950’s we were managing a 
fleet of 2JXX) vehicles nationwide. 

It was our own. 

Wfe then decided we’d put our 
expertise to work for other people 

The result is today we have under our 
wing just ova- 6,000 vehicles, from fleets 

Giving companies a totally flexible 
kage to meet their individual needs. 

All they do is pay us a fixed monthly 
rental. We do the rest 

We supplylhe vehicles of theirchoice. 
We pay all the servicing and repair 

We provide a 24 hour accident 
assistance AA cover, insurance; relief 
vehicles, and road fund licence. 

■We even have regionally 
based experienced service engineers 
to deal wftn those repetitive problems. 

So why not send for our brochure 
* or give us a ring, 

You'll be surprised about our 
range of services. 

Wte mey even suggest a range 
of Sierras. 

Find out in just 30 minutes what It 
took us 30 years to team, and send for our 
brochure by filling in the coupon below. 

Or ring either Burton (028371) 
3575 or Sevenoaks (0732) 455255. 


v- ! 


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Qioosing a fleet management comga^| 
is no longer a calculated ridc„:;S|l| 

j ip j you are running a vehicle fleet be it large or small, can your 
fcirzl calcubtor tell you exactly what it’s costing? 

To be frank, an alarming number can't. 

But that's hardly surprising, because the most cost effective 
operational methods require not only specialised software, and 
3 substantia! data base, but expert personnel whose judgement 
is based on the management of more than 30,000 vehicles 
in the UK alone. 

)bu can count on Gelco to provide you with ggm 

> iM W«' i'l I S 1 iT 

Send ta iwariey Vfehide Leaskg Ltd. Uchfieki Road Branston, Burtotvon-Trert, 5t^s DEI 4 3GD 


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impartial and objeaive advice on what to buy and 
how to finance iL 

Not just the best purchasing discount, but more importantly 
the total lifetime costs of ownership. 

Our "Bcforc-thc-Fact - Maintenance Management controls 
ensure that all opportunities for cost savings arc realised, and 
to complete the equation when the time comes for Gelco to 
market your vehicles the prices obtained arc no dt&vppwmnvni. 
Which nil adds up to the right calculation. 


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Once a radio was an extra and then it would be oflow quality. Now. you may be offered a cassette player too; in a hire £ar. 

Alive with the sound of motoring 


Ten years ago one of the more 
attractive features of Japanese cats 
waff that almost every one came with - 
a radio jittedas standard. In contrasty 
most British and European cars just 
had a trim-covered hole in the facia. 

- This was the seed of a revolution 
which, today, sees more than 90 per 
cent of UK-produced cars fitted with 
some- form of in-car entertainment 
(ICE); at least a radio and. in the • 
upper echelons of the market elec- 
tronic-stereo. AM/FM tape-playing 
combination sets. In a total market 
worth £175 million at trade values, 
line-fh radio and cassette players 
account for about half the units sold 
. is a market still growingat 10. 
per cent annually. . - 

. Used lor' some added- 
value model step marker, — base 
models had no radio, The' mid-range., 
was endowed with a manual tuner', 
and at the top end a push-button, 
radio/cassette player became the 
norm — in-car entertainment has now 
come of age. There is a feeling that 
you can't sell a car in the fleet or retail 
sectors without some box of tricks in 
that facia hole. 

Taibot aaJ.VaLixhall 

plants m France, West Germany and , Ifr wfle aw 

Singapore, Philips is. : The *vS 

workTsleading profiteer of . ICE .. : themselves of The real benefits of 

'** idfonnaHW Broadcasts in 
ed a deaf with Mitsubishi, itself a., avoiding snartnps."- - - ■ ' 

maker of in-car units, to supply sets ..• v. • s . 

for Colt cars. . -■ .-'Forthe car makers, equipment is 

r Coll cars. -■ ./-/For the car makers, equipment is 

Ford is -switching all models lo coming down in price in neadtenns. 

iC' l V-- ? . 

Vauxhall has led the way. putting 
■radios and combination units into 
Cavalier and Astra at a time when 
their fleet fortunes were riding high. 
Peugeot Talbot. Ford and Austin 
Rover have been quick to follow. 
Line-fit ICE-makers are few and far 

1 Now. Motorola has lost the Austin 

radios and combination units made 
by its own Canadian electronics 
operation. Japanese Clarion is the ■ 
only other maker with a . 
significant foot- 
hold. Part-owned 
by -Nissan Clarion, 
appears in ‘ such" 
awesomely British, 
products as -Jagnaf . 
ahtf . ; • Range • jbe Philips tk 

Rover. Until re- for Mitsu 

centfy this whole- — — - ■ , . ~ 

sale change to include radios and .tape 
players in the' standard feature line-up 
was something of a cynical exercise 
by car makers. A two-waveband, 
monaural, manually-tuned radio 
bought at knockdown prices and 
installed with little regard to acoustics* 
was what the Japanese had offered 
and what Brilish-car buyers were 

New technology brings . three- 
waveband digital electronic units into 
the -buying frame.. And now that ICE 
is a standard rather than a. bolt-in 

fterthought, it is 
wprth (ailing in au- 
. dio-engii?eers at the 
. .design stagejo. site 
ti speakCTS-_ correctly 

•and: iron-oytointmv .. 
■ji -.ference^suppres- 

Consumers comparing with high 
street models could see similar, if not 
the same, models on the shelves at 
discounted prices from £30 to £100 

The' Philips radio-cassette i^ptoyerj' -,ierence ? suppres- 
for Mitsubishi Colts : vP/Mi, bugs-Finally, 

— — . . — — — — r-rrr .-changes in benefit 

adios and .tape taxation, have given company drivers, 

feature line-up now paying a substantial part of the 
mical exercise annual running costs, a far greater say 
wo- waveband, in what they dnve and the gear that is 

■tuned radio fitted in it Among fleets where the 

a prices and driver is given a budget to buy to, 

rd to acoustics* trading down to a lower-priced car 
e had offered and then spending the balance on 
buyers were selected accessories, including far 
better sound systems than any maker 
currently, installs, is an accepted 
ng with high practice. 

similar, if not No one has been more thorough in 

the shelves at the customizingofa- sound system to 
i £30 to £100 its top-notch models than. Renault. 

v The 25 Turbo, Espace and 11 
Hectronique .feature a tailored high- 
power,, multpspcgker system with 
remote controls at the steering wheel 
by Philips /Says Simon Turner, UK 
caraudio satesand marketing manag- . 
& for ihe. . AngforDinch company: ' 
“More and more,' we are in at the 
design stage to position the speakers 
correctly,, specify the units and 
obtain better audio results” 
x Ford is not far behind. Having 
consolidated its European electrical 
and electronics operations divisions 
at new headquarters and laboratories 
in Basildon, .Essex, it .is putting 
substantial effort into, the design of • 
new sound systems for cars through- 
out its range. 

- .* The first fruits are three electronic 
: units built to high, performance 
standards Xor various model levels m 
Orion, Escort, Sierra and Granada 
1986 updates. 1 : ‘* . 

As new models and updates come 
along, all Fords will be given the 
once-over for audio performance as 
well as receive the Ford rear-window . 
healer element aerial, now on the 
Escort, Orion and Granada. 

It is a revolution which has 
undoubtedly shown benefits for all 
types of drivers. Though car prices 
certainly reflect elements of the more 
costly equipment they now contain, 
reasonable quality in-car sounds have 
been achieved at a fraction of the cost 
of equipment on the general market. 

• David, j, Rowlands 


■v» - 4 



* ‘ i 

phone fitted under a Hertz-National Radiofone arra ng ement and, 'below, 

assess a vehkfe’s“ fifetime cost” 

to hare a car 
saa VDlTto 

- 1 


radio on 
line at last 

'S’.i ^ w c v> . • 4 

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p amenta r- 
■ser will 
only.want to 
ocorpy die, 

rad» 7 cfaft- . 

nel for a very > tMS ^ P**ye 

small i 11 P»soWe 1 

portion of tii^and for hmch of 
the time ft & sitting idle hnd is 
free to be usetf by any other 

Do you ever hanker, for those bygphe 
days of travel? - r 

The days when the Grand Tour meant 
rather more than “If its Tuesday it must be 

Then allow iis to introduce the new 
Belmont. A stylish saloon from Vauxhali. 
H . - rapment^ ypti j enter the Belmdht 

appointments. *.; r * . 

The' front seatbelts, for instance, can he 
individually altered for height and driving 

And of course, should vou decide to 

1 r ' 

push the boat out with the GLS trim you’ll 
l^dotiiutoh more m store, : 

; / / . 7(A|itrai;.dodr \ locking, even a' steering, 
v&eel that caiube adjusted for the most 
cohiforitable tmgle. 

: ■ Butin any form, the Belmont’s piece de 
resistance is its boot Tlie largest in its class, 
itboasts a mammoth capacity* of 19-4 cu. ft, 

easily accessible thanks to a low loading lip. 

And thanks to 60/40 split folding rear 
seats, you can carry passengers at the same 
time as transporting lengthy loads. 

Consider the GLSi, for example. Its 
streamlined coaehwork has a class-beating 
drag factor of just 0-32. 

/..Even with an impressive top speed 
of 124 mph, it still manages to return’ a 
creditable 55 mpg when cruising at 56 mph. 

The Belmont is available with a wide 
choice of cabins. 

Seven in all With three trim levels and 
four engine variants. 

Right how, you’ll find the new Belmont 
berthed at your Vauxhall-Opel dealer. 

Why not book yourself a 
maiden voyage? 


However, the bask .choice 
that a prospective User*, feces 
when linkn^d Aeaiteroa- 

tives andb^fr * fcpetffe m 
wbetiier or nfeitfrer^is aiwed 
for- direct ooooertiwt-vritii tiie . 
public switched telephone net- 
work (PSTN) or whether, the 
need fefestfe keep u -contact 
with a “closed aser 
group ".Some companies need 
to Baiafiaia the best contact 
posable with staff oat on the 
road, bat do uot need access to 
anyone else. Others, at the 
other end of the scale, want to 
i ensure that their executives 
> are always within reach of a 
public telephone. 

PMR, 9mhetinses known as 
despatcher .radio because ft is 
widely ased to despatdi a taxi 
or service mechanic to die next 

call, is generally used to pass a 
specific, message . Typically, 
when a customer telephones 
the service centre, the des- 
patcher decides , who is the 

-jfwui continue 

. . * ^flWig 'corerage 
I hefcs ecnrity- and in , ibe 
_ . ... - OHIO radio- number of 

- s the inerfes- 

ing competition will not make 
It any easier for the dealers. 

These range in size from 
organizations providing . na- 
tional coverage down to small 
fens operating in jnst me 

There are benefits in econo- 
mies of scale where, for, exam- 
ple, 'administrative overheads 
in billing can be kept in check 
by computerized systems and, 
rightly or wrongly, many com- 
panies will feel happier to 
entrust installation to a large 

.They recognize that bad 
installation vriO, as' well as 
providing pom* performance, 
reduce the resale value of the 
vehicle by leaving unsightly 
holes and damage once the set 
has been removed. 

By its very nature, ccBito 
radio can be tried oat on a pilot 
scale, or with even just cme set, 
before malting a major; cQm- 
utitment to equip the whole 
fleet and integrating frfl ahr 

radio into the company's com- 
mnmeations strategy. On the 
other hand, PMR is rest on the 


The newAauxhaU Belmont. 
From £6,210 to £Sp95. 


B Y 



ate ontwards from the centre 
and there is little need to carry 
on. a conversation. Thus ft fe 
used in a totally different 
fro® a .cellular radio 
which provides a telephone 
wherever ft is needed. 

Cellular radio provides a 
(portable connection to the 
,p STN. It enables a user to 
make_m* receive telephone 
rails inthm the service areas. 
Covering at present about 
three-quarters of fee country 
airf growing rapidly. Fjm* 
telephone has its own rnwn y 
number so cellular should not 
be confused with cordless 
telephones which are, in effect,” 
roving extensions to normal 
feed telephones and simply 
allow freedom of. movement 
around the house and garden.- 

The instruments can be 
nand-portabie operating from 

ukj uwff me con- 
troller to send oat calia selec- 
tively to sub-fleets. 

These new-geaeratian sets 
are ideal for nse on trunked 
networks and their coofrol 
units are no larger than an 
onlnmry car ratio, fitting 
conveniently into a small ser- 
▼ice van. • 

So at fee same time as 
Prodding management with 
the benefits of improved effi- 
ciency* PMR can help staff to 

IraDCP flm ummmt aLnw 

waste on avoidable and annec- 

■" r*;V en before car rying out 
ttnb, areas can be identi&d 
™ere improved commmrira- 
uon between staff on the mare 
“d the office would be c*st- 

Adrian J. Morarit 

European editor. Tekptom 

•• '*■ " 

. • *?• 

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1 ■?> 6 ** i 

Stjrllsfa and practical: The Audi Avant 

HfSS on!y that ** hatchback has made 

144,410 of the 1.8 million new the estate unnecessary. 


- : I 

Although there is 
a challenge from 
the hatchback, it 
is no substitute in 
the amount of 
load space it can 
offer and the 
ease of access 

More room 
now for the 

Increased demand lor fled 
management services seems 
to be pan of the change in 

professionals such as Gelco 
see big room for expansion 
because so many fleets are still 

have a special place in the 
' hearts of British motorists. 

One indication of this is the 
number of conversions car- 
ried .out by small specialist 
xpacb builders of cars not offi- 
. ■ cisfly ; offered by manufactur- 
eremestate versions. Even the 
Jaguatfes been accorded the 
■ treatment, winch may sound 
like sacrilege but would not be 
done at all if there were no 
customers for it 

Bat the more potent re- 
minder of the British yen for 
estates is the existence of more 
than 30 models, offering a 
choice not only in size and 
price but diesel as well as 
petrol engines and, in a few 
‘ cases, four-wheel drive. 

> Broadly speaking the estates 
follow the character of their 
s&loon counterparts and tfai<, 
m turn, often follows national 
preferences. Thus the French 
value softly sprung cars, while 
the Germans go for tautly 
handling vehicles with a corre- 
spondingly harder ride. 

,• In die last decade or so the 
. 'traditional estate has come 
\ finder increasing challen ge 
-from the hatchback, a half- 
way house between an estate 
and a saloon. Some manufac- 
turers have taken the view 

estate version of the current 
Ford Granada, introduced Kt 
year, because the addition of a 
rear door was thought to be 

Certainly the estate version 
of the previous Granada was 
excellent, offering an enor- 
mous amount of space and 
mueb-cberished fay its owners. 
Certainly, too,, the hatchback 
is not a substitute for the 
estate in the amount of load 
space it can offer and, just as 
important, the height of the 
load area and ease of access. 
The mark of the true estate is a 
tailgate that comes right down 
to Boor level and does not 
leave an awkward lip over 
which luggage must be 

The demise of the Granada 
leaves the top end of the estate 
market in the hands of the 
Mercedes-Benz T Series, the 
Volvo 740/760, the Audi 
Avant and the Nissan 30QC. 
The Mercedes is a typically 
robust vehicle, if rather lack- 
ing in space, and the Nissan 
has the space but not the 

The Avant only just quali- 
fies as an estate, its rounded, 
stylish back giving it more of a 
hatchback look. Variants in- 

Estates are 
still firm 
favourites with 
the British 

Sparioos and comfortable: The Peugeot 505 

look at, as well as being offer four-wheel drive and 
practical with such optional comes in a turbocharged ver- 
features as an integral roof skhl 
rack and a twin rear child seat The small-estate sector is 

that can increase passenger dominated ty the Ford Escort: 

thinking which came during self-managed. It is those with 
the worst of the recession. The car fleets of up to 300 vehicles 
search for efficiency was on which are seen as the likeliest 
with a vengeance so that after now to turn to the profession- 

companies had rationalized 
workforces they then started 

David Scaife, Gelco's sales 

carrying capacity to seven. 
There are 1.6 and two litre 
engines but not yet a dieseL 

Vauxhafl’s Astra is its nearest 1 
rival. Recently facelifted, the 1 
Escort comes in nine versions « 

to look at ibeir more peripber- director, said: “Companies in 
al but nevertheless crucial this bracket are becoming 
activities among which car aware lhai a fleet manager is 
fleets were the most important no longer a man with grease 
from a cost point of view. 0 n his hands and girlie calen- 

Geteo International, part of ders on the wall. They need a 

An import from the Conti- and a five-speed gearbox as 
neat, the VauxhaU Cavalier, standard with all 1.6 litre 
has not been the success that engines, which include Ford's ; 

refined and economical dieseL 

dude the four-wheel drive 
Quattro and a turbocharged 
dieseL The big, tank-like 
Volvo estates have long been a 
favourite of the British motor- 
ist. The recently introduced 
700 series is no more elegant 
than its predecessor, which is 
still available, but rides better 
and is more refined. 

Coming down a notch in 
size and price, the choice is 
mainly between the VauxhaU 
Carlton, a roomy, efficient 
vehicle in the German idiom, 
and two excellent French vet- 
erans, the Citroen CX and the 
Peugeot 505. The Citroen has 
a character all of its own, from 
the graceful styling, to the soft 
hydro-pneumatic suspension 
and ultra-responsive steering. 

More conventional me- 
chanically, Ihe Peugeot is not 

only spacious but rides like a 
dream. In short, an outstand- 
ing vehicle. Both the CX and 
505 offer the choice of petrol 
and diesel engines and both 
come in “family” versions 
with three rows of fonvard- 
facing seats. 

The medium sector is the 
most contested and beaded by 
two home-produced ranges, 
the Ford Sierra and Austin 
Montego. The Sierra is a well- 
designed, no-nonsense vehi- 
cle, which to some eyes is 
somewhat better looking than 
the saloon from which it 
derives. As usual with Ford, 
there is a big range of variants 
— currently 10 — with engines 
from 1.6 to 2.3 litre and 
including petrol and dieseL 

The Montego is an estate 

sales of the market-conquer- 
ing saloon might suggest. Not 
over-spacious, and available 
in only one engine size — a 1.6 
■7 h is a sturdily built car with 
tight handling. 

the United States-based Gelco financial con' 
Corporation, estimates that wants to speni 
fleet management servicing concerned 
now accounts for between 7 management 
per cent and 9 per cent of a What flee 
fleet market that in total comnanies ol 

financial controller who only 
wants to spend pari of his time 
concerned with fleet 

The Volkswagen Passat has offers a 1.6-litre diesel as an 
the teutonic virtues of sound alternative. 

construction and responsive 
handling and offers among its 
engines an impressive 1.6-litre 
turbo diesel. Fiat's Regata 
Weekend is a one-engine mod- 
el - a 1.6 — which is roomy 
and economical and has an 
unusual tailgate that is split in 
the middle and folds both up 
and down 10 give extra low- 
loading access. 

French challengers in the 
medium sector include the 
roomy and comfortable 
Peugeot 305, the soon-to-be- 
replaced Renault 18 and a 
relative newcomer, the 
Citroen BX, which has afl the 
flair associated with that 
marque. The Japanese Subaru 

The Astra is a nippy car, ^ 

with a good combination of to 12 vchl ~ 

handling and ride and almost r . . 

as much load space as its a** 0 * of ^ m 

sister, the Cavalier. It, too. f tt, ? ldes * 

offers a 1.6-litre diesel as an growth this year in the 

alternative. use of fleet management ser- 

.. 1 ■— r . ’ n . . vinK rtf at tract iw»r o»nt 

With Austin Rover not vices of at least50 per cent 
offering an estate version of sccm * Th”? *** a 

the Maestro, the main small- 
car alternatives to the Escort 
and Astra are Japanese. The 
Nissan Sunny, Toyota Corolla 
and recently revised Mazda | 
323 are conventional load 
carriers with the usual Japa- 
nese promise of reliability. 

More interesting technically 
is the Toyota Tercel, which 
alone of the estates in its 
sector has four-wheel drive. 
No one pretends that it has the 
versatility of Land-Rover but 
for motorists who need an off- 
road vehicle, it is a cheaper 

that is particularly pleasing to is the only estate in its class to 


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“S'. 7 . ^ 

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The Montego (left) 
is pleasing and 
practical with room 
for seven and has 
optional features. 
Regata Weekend 

(right) is a 

one-engine model 
and is roomy 
and economical 

5£A x. 

. I ;V M ' * 

■M* v* -Vs > + f< • 

price is 

doesn’t matter 

Directors and "managers 're- 
sponsible for buying company 
cars in bulk have an unprece- 
dented choice of British and 
imported models now that the 
origin of the cats is a matter of 
fast diminishing importance. 

This follows the dominent 
• roles of Ford and VanxhaB as 
‘No.l and No.2 importers 
respectively as well as being 
the market leaders (together 
with Austin Rover) in UK 
new car registrations. Last 
year, when home market sales 
reached a record 1,832,408 
cars. 58 per cent were import- 
ed. Of the Ford share of 
485,492 care with European 
parentage, 271,521 were made 
•in Britain but 139,675 came 
from Germany, 43,599 from 
Spain while 30,697 were as- 
sembled in Belgium. 

Ford say: “It would be 
wrong to suggest there is no 
resistance to imports but it is 
minimal these days. Modem 
production methods ensure 
that all cars conform with the 
model specifications which 
are followed precisely in all 
the factories. For most of our 
customers a Ford is a Ford 
wherever it originated." 

As with private buyers. 
Ford find that those who buy 
in bulk have their minds 
concentrated wonderfully by 
dazzling discounts. With most 
Ford Sierra models, a current 
attraction is the fitting of a 
sunroof which would other- 
wise be a £300 extra. Fleet 
buyers can also get Sierras 
with the 1.8 litre engine based 
on terms for the 1.6 litre unit. 
This Siena sales drive helped 
Ford take a 42 per cent share 
of the fleet market sales 

'■'i&i . 4e*‘ T '.4?» *tir" . 

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- • 

- • ; - • : Ma 

Made in Britain: The Peugeot 309 being tested at the aid of the assembly line ta Coventry 


of Europe than the 134,764 
made in British factories. The 
imports, totalling 160,597 
cars, came from Germany 
(77,458) Spain (61,358) and 
Belgium (21,781). 

This is a. sensitive issue at 
VauxhaU where, it Is felt, the 
figures fail to reflect the 
contribution made by General 
Motors, the parent company, 
to Britain's economy through 
both cars and commercial 
vehicles via Bedfbrd. In 1984, 

Britain in CM'S global strate- what they want rather than 
gy- having to choose from a 

VauxhaU report little anti- restricted list of specified 
import resistance. A new models. Many importers feel 
VauxhaU may be British they have a model spread 
made; it may not, but the which can offer a wide fleet 
source has little or no bearing choice. They say they pick up 
on the final derision about extra fleet business because 
buying, it is said. they can offer something dif- 

— ^ — ; ferent to the nm-ofithe-mili 

Extra business m company car line-ups. 

something different ^ interests of employee 

- ■ ■■ — 1 ■ satisfaction, price categories 

The more traditional im- fixed by the printing order in a 
>rters tike Fiat, Renauh and company’s staffing structure 
W-Audi share in a strong lend to be more generous than 
arket move whereby fleet used to be the case. There are 
ryers increasingly select several reasons. This tends to 
ice brackets within which stop long drawn-out argu- 
mpany car drivers can pick ments among the staff on the 

(defined as of 25 cars or more) it is pointed, out, GM earned 
m January compared with £214 million for Britain in 
Vauxhalfs 32 per cent and exports while GM divisions in 

Austin Rover's 17 per cent 
The 1985 figures were 
VauxhaU 45 per cent. Ford 40 
per cent and Austin Rover 21 

Last year Vauxhall sold iu 
Britain more VauxhaU cars 
imported from the mainland 

North America and Europe 
bought £101 million worth of 
goods and services from UK 
suppliers. Huge investments, 
including high-tech paint fa- 
cilities at both Luton and 
Ellesmere Port, are designed 
to extend the influence of 1 

porters tike Fiat, Renauh and 
VW-Audi share in a strong 
market move whereby fleet 
buyers increasingly select 
price brackets within which 
company car drivers can pick 

company car theme. Also, 
having a company car is so old 
bat that the real interest is in 
having a good one; preferably 
better than the neighbour’s! 

Hus greater freedom of 
choice is a boost for the better 
equipped models with full in- 
car entertainment like a quali- 
ty radio and cassette player. In 
basic car design feanues^uch 
as improved road holding, 
quietness in engine running 
and ride comfort have all 
reflected the needs of compa- 
ny car drivers who spend 
many hours at the wheel and 
expect to drive in some style. 

Imports have a virtual mo- 
nopoly of diesel car sales in 


plus the complete range 
of Fleet Services including:- 


fleet Management 

Outright Purchase 
Sale & Lease Back 

Whoever put the company fleet under fixed assets can remove all the time and money lost chi fleet 

must have had a sense of humour. Anything wilh management Quite simply, we do it for you. 

four wheels usually results in the longest longterm Whether its leasing, contract hire or fell fleet 

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growth last year of about a 

These are estimates by Roy 
Foster, managing director of 
the Manchester-based Gelco 
International which has been 
a specialist in fleet manage- 
ment in Britain for 11 years. 

Gelco and Swindon-based PH 
& H, both with United States 
parents, claim to be the lead- 
ing specialists in the fleet 
management sector where 
there is also an increasing 
number of companies which 
have won their spurs in con- 
tract hire and 

?w Decisions are panies , can 

their expertise secure from car 

in all aspects of DOW being taken makers. Gelco. 

fleet manage- by top managers for instance, is 

in the industry $»■" 

specific fleet ■■ ■>— — — ■ — c i^ This cali- 

management arrangements. bre of buying power can only 

Equally. Gelco has also be matched by the bigger 
diversified with a sister com- British companies running 
pany now operating in con- their own fleets. It equally 
trad hire. means discounts on replace- 

Researcb for Gelco by mem items fom parts to 
Dunn 8l Bradstreet, the mar- tyres, batteries and exhausts, 
tart research specialists, sug- But what the fleet manage- 
gests that there was growth last mem specialists claim is that 
year in totting of vehicles, their own controls also build 
now accounting for about a m The expertise of qualified 
fifth of the company car automotive engineers who can 
market, and rather more in ensure that garages do what 
contract hire (nearly 18 per they should be doing in mam- 
cent of the fleet market), tenance and repairs at the 
Outright purchase has slipped most reasonable price! 
fojmrafoCTmore than 66^ar Mr Foster said: “With our 
cent of the company car extensive data base we can 
market to less than 58 per anticipate problems and pro- 
cenL About 70 per cent of vide a basis for decisions at 

t cent of a What fleet management 
i in total companies offer, for a man- 
illion vehi- agement fee, is to take on all 
the administrative burden of 
changes in running a vehicle fleet from 
merging, a initial purchase of cars 
> year in the through iheir insurance and 
lement ser- maintenance and repairs to 
!0 per cent foeir eventual sale and re- 
ere was a placement, 
of about a The aim is to do all this with 
the greatest efficiency. But it 
ites by Roy does not run to what the 
director of contract hire companies effec- 
ised Gelco lively offer which is a total 
h has been insurance on the bottom-line 
:t manage- cosl Fleet management com- 
r 11 years, panies do cot, for instance, 
i-based PH guarantee a specific re-sale 
>ited States price for a fleet car at the end 
•e the lead- of its useful life. 

the fleet For the medium-sized and 
or where smaller company particularly 
increasing there is nevertheless the 
nies which chance of benefiting from the 
urs in con- discounts which big fleet man- 
; — agement com- 

Decisions are panies can 
„„„ l ■ „ *„i, secure from car 
DOW being taken makers. Gelco, 

by top managers for instance, is 

intheindostry ?S ,bl „ e i“ r 

Britain. Here the emphasis is 
very much on fleet use since 
the higher the annual mileages 
the greater the benefits in fuel 
economy and longer engine 
life. Diesel car sales in Britain 
of 14,530 in 1982 rose to 
24.486 in 1983 and 45.382 in , 
1984. In the first II months of 
J985 (the latest figure avail- 1 
able) there were 62,597 sales. 
This is a small share of the 
total UK market (less than 
four per cent) but it is signifi- 
cant because of the steady 
growth which is expected to 

Japanese importers have 
not been as active in the fleet 
market as they would have 
liked because of the voluntary 
restrictions on shipments to 
Britain. But there is keen 
interest in long term growth 
business as indicated by 
Nissan UK. the leading Japa- 
nese importer into Britain 
with 105,517 new car registra- 
tions last year. Mr Brian 
Mahoney, a former Austin 
Rover executive, has joined 
the Nissan UK board as a 
directin’ with special responsi- 
bilities fot,fleei sales. 

With the assembly of the 
new Peugeot 309 at Coventry 
the Peugeot/Talbot emphasis 
is poised to swing from im- 
ports to UK production. Last 
year there were 45.628 im- 
ports from France sold com- 
pared with 24,890 British 
made registrations. 

The Peugeot 309 has 65 per 
cent British content wilh the 
assembly not just a bolting 
together operation since body 
parts come from France as 
sheet metal which is fashioned 
and put together in Coventry. 
So the 309 is classed as a 
British car. 

Initial fleet orders are de- 
scribed as very encouraging. 

Geoffrey Hancock 

fleets still appear to be self- 

These estimates are rather 
more optimistic than some 

the right time.” Due warning 
can be given of what to do and 
when, anticipating snags and 
costs before they happen so 
that a strategy for a particular 

others on the role of leasing cap fleet can be built up and 
and contract hire, but the the right decisions taken in 

conclusions do reinforce the 
evidence for a switch by an 
increasing number of compa- 
nies towards a more profes- 
sional approach to fleet 

Fleet policy decisions now 
are largely m the hands of top 
managers. Dunn & Bradstreet 
found. The research showed 
that half the decisions were 
made by a managing director 
or principal of a company 
while another quarter were 
attributed to senior finance 
executives. Directors were in- 
volved in another 15 percent 
of such decisions. 

good time. 

As the City approaches the 
Big Bang that will widen 
competition later this year 
many financial institutions 
are turning to the fleet man- 
agement services as more cars 
are being acquired as part of 
the remuneration packages for 
the financially skilled now in 
such demand. Some City 
firms have gone from owner- 
ship of a score of cars to nearer 
200, according to Gelco. 

What the bright young City 
gent is driving varies widely. 
There are high specification 

VauxhaU Cavaliers and Ford 
There is now an array of Sierras as well as the especially 

computer software packages popular VW Scirocco, the VW 
that help companies get to Golf GTi, the whole range of 
grips with fleet management BMWs and particularly the 
It is another indication of the Audi Quattro models, 
increasing sophistication of Porsches. not unexpectedly, 
companies towards such man- are in high demand, 

But the fleet management UH 

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Praise in the promised land for 
England’s midfield composure 

Joe Mirimovich believes 
■ that England could win the 
World Cup this summer. The 
manager of Israel, who is 
about to lose his position after 
failing to Qualify for the finals, 
acted as an amicable diplomat 
earlier this week, but he was 
not merely offering a warm 
farewell as he gave his opinion 
at Ben Gurion airport on 
Wednesday evening. 

Mirimovich is a keen fol- 
lower and an admirer of 
English football. In the four 
and a half years that he has 
spent in charge of the Israeli 
. side he has invited a succes- 
sion of League dubs to bis 
homeland. Manchester Unit- 
ed, for instance, are to play in 
Tef Aviv next month. 

He has extended the hand of 
friendship elsewhere around 
the globe. Representatives 
from Scotland. Belgium. Uru- 
guay and Argentina have re- 
cently accepted his hospitality 
and the Argentine national 
team will be his guests during 
his last game on May 4. 
Mirimovich, therefore, has 
more than a distant and 
parochial view of the parttci- 
pants who will gather in 

His heartening optimism 
arose from the performance of 
the midfield trio of Robson. 
Hoddle and Wilkins. Three 
years ago he saw England's 
laboured goalless draw at 
Wembley in a European 
Championship tie. Lee. 
Mabbutt and Devonshire, lat- 
er to give way to Rix. were 
then responsible for England's 
designs. Or they should have 

“The long, high ball was 
used almost throughout the 
evening," he recalled. “The 
Greek defenders were tall and 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

competent in the air so the 
approach -was ineffective: I 
appreciate that English crowds 
like excitement and goal- 
mouth incidents but that 
method will not win World 
Cups and especially in the 
heat and at the' height of 

“In those conditions you 
can't run around at 150 mph. 
as you have to if you play that 
way. People should remember 
that the average score in 
matches around the world is 
0-0. 1-0. I-I or possibly 2-1. 
One goal, in other words, is 
often enough to win you the 

“Each of them lasts for 90 
minutes, so why is everybody 
in such a hurry? We knew that 
we couldn't compete in the 
English style. Your players are 
bigger, fitter and stronger. We 
had to be quiet, like the 
Italians, and then suddenly 
make a noise, a sudden burst 
as when we took the lead. 

“But I was impressed by 
England's midfield. Instead of 
rushing around and panick- 
ing. they were calm and 
composed. They are all so 
skilful, so comfortable on the 
ball and some of their moves, 
those intricate little patterns 
mixed with the longer penetra- 
tive passes, were wonderful. 1 
think that with them you 
could beat the world." 

Those who sal in their 
armchairs at home on 
Wednesday afternoon and 
watched the distorted picture 
that can often be presented by 
television may be astounded 
by his words. Some of those 
who sat in the Ramat Gan 
stadium, on the outskirts of 
Td Aviv, were not surprised 
by any of them. 

Robson's comeback bor- 
dered on the sensational. It 
was reasonable for the En- 
gland manager. Bobby Rob- 
son. later to compare his 
heavy influence to that of 
Platini's on the late of France. 
England's captain confirmed 
that he is a match-winner of 
the highest calibre and. after 
winning his fiftieth cap. he 
revealed during the flight 
home that he had set himsdf 
another personal target. 

He is aiming to overtake 
Keegan and Channon in the 
list of England goal scorers. 
Both of them scored 21. in 63 
and 46 appearances respec- 
tively. But they were forwards." 
Robson, with a breathtaking 
right-footed volley and a pen- 
alty in the 2-1 victory over 
Israel, now lies only three 
behind them. 

He has already equalled the 
records of Hunt, a 
cemreforward who scored his 
18 in only 34 internationals, 
and Haynes, who was selected 
56 times. He is the only 
midfield representative in En- 
glish history with anything 
like a similar striking rate to 
Robson, apart from Peters, 
who was credited with 20 in 
67. Hoddle. given the free role 
where he is most dangerous in 
Tel Aviv, remains tne most 
consistent supplier of ammu- 

His floated chip for 
Robson's first spectacular goal 
early in the second half was 
precision itself. So. minutes 
later, was his pass for Wood- 
cock. who lost control and 
thus the opportunity. 

Wilkins, the anchor, was 
more positive than usual. 
Although there are still reser- 
vations about whether he and 
Hoddle can combine happily 

Ireland’s organization is a 
bane to the opposition 

It was, L’Equipe said truth- 
fully, a caricature of a match. 
Yet French players and com- 
mentators managed to extract 
some satisfaction from the 
frost-bound goalless draw 
against Northern Ireland on 
Wednesday, the Irish are well 
entitled to do likewise. 

It is now seven matches 
since Northern Ireland con- 
ceded a goal, and they have 
drawn their last three matches 
in Bucharest, London and 
Paris, which not a few teams 
would be glad to do. Whatever 
the haphazard ri rc mns t anc e s 
of this latest achievement, in 
which it was almost impossi- 
ble to torn sharply in the icy 
middle area of the pitch, 
Ireland know that the result 
will increase the concern of 
Algeria, Spain and Brazil and 
oblige the opposition in their 
group in the World Cnp finals 
to adjust their tactics. 

In their previous two meet- 
ings with France, just prior to 
and during the 1982 World 
Cnp finals, Ireland conceded 
eight goals, yet in the modern 
environment of tactical de- 
fence they are nobody's fools. 
Thanks to the untnrtiye man- 
agement of Billy B ingham , 
they are one of those teams 
with only modest resources 
who are infuriatingly difficult 
to beat on account of their 
organization. They also have a 
team spirit which is_ more 
easily generated in a minority 
nation which of necessity 
tends to have few team 

The Irish may not be good 
viewing for neutral spectators, 
but it is a laudable accom- 
plishment by Bingham's un- 
sung squad and if there is a 
lack of spectacle it lies with 

By David Miller 
FIFA and the International 
Board - of which the Irish are 
members! - for not adjusting 
the laws to restore some 
advantage to creative players 
over “containers". 

Few contain better than the 
Irish. Faced with the literacy 
of such players as Fernandez, 
'Giresse and Platini, Billy 
Bingham decided on a midfield 
strategy of zonal rather than 
man-for-man ma t kin g . “If we 
had five to follow diem man for 
man, especially on that sur- 
face, we coaid have been 
turned over," he said, “so we 
marked a space and passed 
them on as they switched 
positions. Even then. Platini 
nearly had ns with one or two 
marvellously-judged through 
passes. And what a player 
Giresse is!" 

Platini, indeed, showed an 
unexpected haste for the fray, 
considering he has snch a vital 
European Cnp tie against 
Barcelona next week. It was.a 
tribute to the entertaining 
potential of the European 
champions that a crowd of 
25,000 braved tempera tares as 
low as minns I0X in the biting 
easterly wind, and they were 
not denied some excitement, 
even if it was not always 
intendonaL Platini, twice, and 
Mcllroy, once, missed chances 
from close in when a firmer 
foothold would probably have 
allowed them to score. 

Bingham acknowledges that 
the limitation of his side 
remains its absence of scoring 
ability, which has the effect of 
consistently increasing the 
pressure on the defence. It is 
commendable that players 
with no more than average 
first division credentials snch 
as NichoIL, John O'Neill, 

McDonald and Donaghy per- 
form to snch a level without 
being other violent or under- 
hand. McDonald, given the 
advantage of all defenders on 
Wednesday evening of being 
able to face die ball against 
attackers vainly trying to turn 
with it, was again outstanding 
for his positional judgement 
timing, while Donaghy reads 
everything with the vision 
almost of a Bobby Moore. 

Mcflroy, an inspiring leader 
in succession to Martin 
O'Nall — who has only a slim 
chance of rec o ve rin g from a 
serious knee injury in time to 
be a member of the squad in 
Guadalajara — and McCreery, 
find endless enthusiasm 
against • more famous oppo- 
nents and it was their versatili- 
ty which stifled France's 
midfield skill and also provid- 
ed Ireland's forward move- 

The decision to play without 
a winger means that 
Whiteside, with no-one out- 
side him to receive the ball, is 
functioning more as a defender 
than forward in his midfield 
role, while to have expected 
Clarke from humble Bourne- 
mouth to get the better, of his 
debut, of snch experienced 
international as Battiston and 
Bossis was a lot to ask. Yet he 
did enough in dire conditions 
to deserve further opportunity. 
So did Papin, the young 
Bruges forward. 

Despite it hardly having 
been a football match Bing- 
ham considered tint bis team 
had gained useful experience 
and advanced their reputation 
for a tournament in Mexico in 
which they will find it even 
harder to progress than they 
did four years ago. 

(Wilkins himself admits that 
he is not yet completely 
comfortable with their part- 
nership), there can be few 
doubts that they form 
England's most productive 

England would have been in 
even more control of their 
own destiny on Wednesday if 
there had been adequate fire- 
power up front. It was painful- 
ly clear that Dixon, so short of 
mental strength if not physical 
fitness, should not have been 

Beardsley, in his first full 
appearance, consequently suf- 
fered from Dixon's meagre 
contribution. He cannot be 
faulted for lack of enthusiasm 
and nor can Martin but his 
display, only bis second in 21 
months, was disappointingly 
fallible. The identity of 
Butcher's partner in defence 
remains one of Bobby 
Robson's two positional prob- 

The other is whether he 
should persist with a winger. 
In the debilitating conditions 
during the World Cup finals 
that still appears to be an 
unnecessary luxury. The re- 
cent performances of Waddle, 
though less frustrating on 
Wednesday, and Barnes, his 
late replacement, do not sug- 
gest that England can safely 
afford iL 

Before leaving for the final 
preparations. Bobby Robson 
has effectively only three 
hours, against the Soviet 
Union in Tbilisi next month 
and against Scotland at Wem- 
bley in April, in which to find 
the two answers. If he does, 
the voice that was raised in the 
promised land might be accu- 
rate in claiming that Mexico 
could be a land of promise. 

Cox taunt 

Arthur Cox, the Derby 
County manager, could face a 
charge of bringing the game into 
disrepute over remarks he alleg- 
edly made to the Sheffield 
Wednesday goalkeeper. Martin 
Hodge, after the 1-1 FA Cup 
fifth round draw b e tw ee n the 
two dubs at the Baseball 
Ground on Wednesday night. 

Hodge was involved in a 
collision with Bobby Davison 
which earned die Derby forward 
a booking and the goalkeeper 
said later that Cox had told him 
he deserved an Academy Award 
for acting. 

“It is the sort of thing that 
would qualify as a disrepute 
matter but we will take no 
action unless the incident is 
mentioned in the r efere e' s re- 
port or the player complains to 
us." an FA spokesman said. 
Hodge, who was knocked un- 
conscious in an earlier collision 
with Davison, added that he had 
later received an apology from 
Cox about his comments. 

Cox repealed his apology 
yesterday. “1 am sorry that the 
healines were made about such a 
meaningless incident, rather 
than his goal keeping, which was 
outstanding." he said. 

Hodge went to hospital for a 
precautionary X-ray examina- 
tion when he arrived back in 

Shapter clear 

Lester Shapter. the referee, 
has escaped being charged by 
the Football Association after 
remarks he is alleged to have 
made to Danny Wallace, the 
Southampton and England 

Shapter, from Torquay, 
reportedly accused Wallace of 
“trying to con" r e ferees after 
Southampton's match against 
Luton at The DelL An FA 
spokesman said that the com- 
ments were not considered seri- 
ous enough. 


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Wilson’s consolation prize 

Non-League Football by Paul Newman 

Paul Wilson, whose hopes of a 
professional football career were 
ended last month by a knee 
injury, has received some 
consolation in the form of a 

place in the England semi- 
professional squad for the inter- 
national against Wales at 
Merthyr Tydfil on March 18. 

Wilson is one of two Frickley 
Athletic players named in the 
party, which is also likely to 
form the basis for the team to 
play in the annual four-nations 
tournament in Scotland from 
May 20 to 24. 

Frickley had agreed earlier in 
the season to sell Wilson, a 
forward, to Doncaster Rovers 
for £5.000. The transfer was to 
be completed after the Gola 
League club’s exit from the FA 
Cup. which eventually came last 
month. However, when Wilson 
went for a medical, a weakness 
was revealed in a knee and the 
transfer was called off 

Three more uncapped for- 
wards are in the 16-man squad. 
They are Kim Casey and Paul 
Davies, who between them have 
scored more than 50 goals for 

Kidderminster Harriers this sea- 
son. and Carl Richards, leading 
scorer for the Gola League 
leaden, Enfield. 

Two Telford United players 
arc notable absentees: Colin 
Williams, who with 12 caps had 
been a mainstay of the national 
team for several seasons, and 
Kevin Charlton, a goalkeeper. 
Indeed, the Shropshire club, 
experiencing difficult times after 
all their success of recent sea- 
sons. have only one player, 
Antonc Joseph, in the party. 

Frickley's highly successful 
season is emphasized by the 

inclusion of Russell Wilcox, a 
midfield player, and the York- 
shire dub might have had three 
players in the squad if Paul 
Shirtliff had been available. 
Another player who would have 
been unable to take his place in 
the party is Keith Barren, the 
Enfield defender, who has 16 
caps to his credit 

The squad, under the charge 
of and selected by Kevin Verity, 
a Football Association coach, 
contains only three players from 
outside the Gola League: David 

Constantine, the former Al- 
trincham defender now playing 
for Witton Albion (Multipart 
League). Mickey Stephens of 
Sutton United (Vauxhall-Opei 
League) and Paul Walker of 
Blyth Spanans (Drybroughs 
Northern League). 

JotaMoJAUnnchami R Wins (Fndday). 
A Joseph {TettotfJ. T Sorthera (Uteiea- 
kxi}. H Stephana (Sutton United}. P 
Waiter N Aatatanl (EnfleWL K 
CweyfKiodermristorT. p Dm* (Kidder- 
C Richards (EfiMd). P IMson 


RmnBK H Fearon (Sutton United). S 
Tapley (Wealdstene). P Bowoett 
(Weakfstone). K Brown (Bsxti), N Oman 
(Kettering). A Aorta (Weymouth), p 
Buetenan (Hyttjll brtttrty (Way. 

• Macclesfield Town, who led 
the Multipart League for most or 
the first half of the season, have 
parted company with their 
player-manager. Neil Griffiths. 
Macclesfield have lost their lop 
plsce after a run or 1 1 games in 
which i hey have won only twice. 
Roy Campbell, the secretary, 
tes taken temporary charge of 
tne team and is being assisted by 
a senior player. Graham Tobin. 

• John Overton, the player- 
manager of Gode Town, and 
his assistant Terry Vallance 
have lost their jobs after less 
than five months. Goole are 
bottom of the Multipart i-rmpm 
Micky Bullock, the former Hali- 
fax Town manager, has taken 
charge of the Humberside dub. 
Overton is staying on as a 

• Ryhope CA have appointed 
Peter Quigley, the former Whit- 
ley Bay, Brandon United and 
Durham City player, as manager 
in succession to Peter Feenan. 
who left last month to lake over 
another Drybroughs Northern 
League dub. Gretna. 

• Billy Smith has resigned as 

manager of Dulwich Hamlet 
after ■ differences with Dave 
Milsted. who took over as 
chairman of the Vauxhall-Opei 
League premier division dub six 
weeks ago. 

Alien Batsford. the general 
manager, who joined Dulwich at 
the start of the season after 
successful spells at Walton and 
Hcrsham. Wimbledon and 
WeaJdsione, will now ad as 
team manager. Micky Leach, 
the former Queen’s Park Rang- 
ers player, who resigned as 
manager of Leaxberhead in 
December, will assist him as 

Tuohy resigns 

Liam Tuohy. the former 
Republic of Ireland manager, 
has resigned as manager of his 
country^ youth team. Tuohy 
said: “Recent events have made 
it impossible for me to continue 
managing the youth team. My 
resignation will enable Jack 
Chariton to appoint his own 
man to the position." 


Winding up before winding down: Gerrie Coetzee and his trainer, Willie Locke, wrapping np 
at the Lonsdale gym five days before Coetzee’s World Boxing Association final heavyweight 
eliminator against Frank Bruno at Wembley 


Lyle is finding it 
hard to qualify 

From John BallantineXoral Springs, Florida 


The vast differences in cli- 
mate and conditions between 
playing golf in the United 
Kingdom and whacking the wee 
ba’ around in the United States 
has rarely been better dem- 

courses, namely the artificial 
lakes from which there is no 
release, the thick rye and Ber- 
muda grasses which make it 
impossible 10 run balls into 
greens as in Britain, and the fast 

onstrated than by Sandy Lyle's . and very awkward greens, make 

disastrous opening round yes- 
terday on his return to the Tour 
hereafter his three-week sojourn 
at Sunningdale to attend the 
birth of a second son to his wife 

Lyle started steadily enough 
in the $500,000 Honda Classic 
at 7.30am or just after the 
golden sun had risen above the 
man-made hills of the 7.037- 
yard Eagle Trace “players’ sta- 
dium . course". . Three pars 
augcrcd-well at first for the Open 
champion who has dropped to 
40th place on the money list 
after his enforced holiday. 

However, Lyle's simple up- 
per-body swing then let him' 
down and he dropped six 
strokes in his next six holes to 
reach the turn in 42. He was two 
over par at the 193-yard sev- 

In a strong field, with players 
like Tun Simpson and Payne 
Stewart covering the same 
stretch in eight shots fewer, were 
sure to present the Scot with 
awesome difficulties in attempt- 
ing to qualify. 

• Was it the cultural and phys- 
ical shock of exchanging the 
Siberian blasts of wintry Surrey 
for the balmy warmth of South 
Florida? Maybe not entirely for 
Peter Oosterhuis. whose giant 
frame has become inured to the 
pleasures of living in sunny 
California compared to the 
dreary mud of Dulwich over the 
past 13 years, also took 42 to 
reach the turn. 

Ken Brown went out very 
late. Nick Faldo has gone home 
to recharge his mental batteries 
and Bernhard Larger restarts in 
Miami next week. Three of the 
most important differences be- 
tween British and Floridian 

a Jekyll and Hyde contrast in 
transatlantic golf. 

Even Jack Nicklaus. who said 
yesterday that he has played 
only 27 holes since Hawaii 
because of “the pressures of my 
business at this awkward time of 
year." finds competing a few 
miles from his family home in 
North Palm Beach a trial. 

“I flew back from Honolulu 
vowing to work on my short 
game but I haven't been able to 
get away from my desk. I'll just 
have to play myself into shape." 
said the" Golden Bear", who 
will compete in four of the next 
five events, missing only Arnold 
Palmer's Bay Hill Classic in 
Orlando. Nicklaus covered the 
back nine in 36 and looked in 
much better form than of late. 

It has to be said that Lyle was 
not himself as one hour before 
he iced offhe discovered that his 
hotel room had been broken 
into and his travellers cheques 
had been stolen. 

Sutton. $141.960: 2. B Langar. *141.692: 
3. C Prole. Si 39.468: 4. Q Hammond. 
$122,150: 5. C Pevm. S11BA76: 6 . F 
Zoeier. S11SJ75; Others: 40. S Lyle. 
$27,449: 52. K Brown. S21.856. 

Walsall have signed the Bir- 
mingham City reserve goal- 
keeper, Mark Prndhoe. on a 
•month's loan. Prudhoe, who 
recently turned down a perma- 
nent move to Lincoln City, is 
likely to make his debut at 
Newport tonight alongside the 
central defender. Ken Arm- 
strong. who was bought for 
£60.000 from Birmingham on 


Thorne cruises through 

Willie Thorne rolled home a 
succession of majestic breaks 
to cruise to his second major 
final of the season in the 
Dulux British Open at Deity 

Thorne needed only three 
more frames for victory in the 
first semi-final after going 6-1 
up against a bemused John 
Virgo. Virgo, who had lost his 
five previous tournament 
matches against Thome, drew 
first blood when he rattled off 
a break of 64 to take the 

opening frame. 1 1 3-0. 

But Thome, runner-up to 
his new stablemaie Steve Da- 
vis in the Coral UK final last 
November after surrendtng a 
1 3-8 lead, was in no mood to 
play second fiddle yesterday. 

Having scraped through his 
last two matches 5-4. he was 
far more positive as he 
slammed in breaks of 83. 57. 
45. 104. 95 and 83 while Virgo 
potted just one red in the last 
three frames. 






final on rod 

tor fhal on aoft 

Son (But) 66 

NORTH AMERICA: Ntabeta Isagee (NHL): 

Edmonton Otars 6 . Wtontoe c Jets Z Nsw 

Jersey Devij 7 , New Yo« z 

Pitaounp ftongulna 5. Buffalo Sabre* z 

Mmesota Norf&m S. HeHo*a wtiatem 2: 

Montreal Canadsna 4. Vancouver Crouda Z 

) 91. vareMdi v*ren{ 

75 Uwontus aawyfar faaJ onaagL 

—CSKA yoacow 86 . ro Barcelona 64 

■■■■tor fins! on 


LA QUMTA (CaStona) Man's 

Angetos Latere 119. . . 

1ft Boston Canes 120. Sro 


Antomo Sows 100: Dawn PMons ill. Los 

Angate Capgare UR Atoms Hwto 123. 

Gtowtand Ca rS to ra 109: Rxnfe Sim 113, 
PortiaM Trail Batere 112 . 

Second round (USirtess stared): D Pate ML 
re- SWantoM,5-h:J Arias btSZ)vaflnonG(Yug) 

i iioruH 6-£ 7-5: MScfiapss (Nett) MJKrtok 6-3, 6-2 


FREIGHT ROVER UUMfc Seuttara mo- 

BaK Postpone* Readtog « Orient Noam 

eaatore Posipc n o rt: Burnley * Batowton. 

CEKTHAL LEAGUE: Second dMstoro Poet-’ 

PBHKfc Notts Cnaity v Sundartond: Wotna v 


rant taatpone&Meston v Diatoy. 




Swansea 3. 


MPemtorelSw*) ME Sanchez (Sp)* 
B Better (W0) MM Leach 6-3, 6-S, J Nyatrem 
) M D Keefe (Y1M 64. « B ProrTO H 
i ISM] 6?BR- J Gomrs U M 

a 1-9, 6-4. 64: A ttfekateto M L 

. , 7-6. B-1: D Gates MJ Cantor 44, 

6-4.8-1; M WAMer (Sm]M A Agassi 6-1.6- 
1; TTiiagM (FrlM M weetpnol (Vft^64 8-2. 

Oklahoma drc vague sam t 
nant Second nari 
Harr M l Budarova 
MGtmev 1-6.64 

QAKI A Hfr VbaU 

round (US irtass stare® H Swow (Cz) M S 

Han As (WG) 64, 62W Tmbufi (Aua) M C 
Kattoson (SwM66. 6-7. 66- Saerod roOT* A 
Mourn M 1 GaduMk 2-8. 6-3. 7-5; Z 
Garmon M E Ptafl (WG) 5-7. 7-6. 6ft M 
NaoratkM M R Frotw* (SA) 6ft 6-1; K 
Jordan bt H Mandficova (Cz) 7-6. 6ft 

. . uttess atsteft B 

PHALAB80RVA (SOU* AMcs): Heal rata 

leaden (Soutt AMcan item etamft «S: P 

Sunmons. Sfc A Henning. 67: 0 Robertson 

(US; D James. Eft I young (OB); M Hertnese; 
J Band; J Townsend (US): H Buhram. H 
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ta PHarrw^^Burcft. 71: W Hunettrayr, A 

! floss. 



ada & WM Under -21 0 . 

Spanish loan 
for Donowa 

Louie Donowa. the Norwich 
City and England Under-21 
winger, has joined the Spanish 
second division dob. La Co- 
ro Aa. on a month’s loan 

The Army 
into a run 

By Sydney Friskin 

Civil Service. 


... 4 

The Army went on the 
march at Bisham Abbey yes- 
terday to spoil the record of 
the Civil Service, who had 
looked invincible after they 
had beaten the Royal Navy 
and the Royal Air Force. On 
this performance the Army 
must be favourites to retain 
the title in the Services cham- 
pionships starting at Willsden 
on Monday. 

Yesterday's action began in 
the first minute with Civil 
Service taking the lead. Hay 
picked up the ball as it ran 
loose from a tackle, swept past 
three defenders and scored 
with a crisp shot. The strain of 
playing three days in succes- 
sion may have told on Civil 
Service, for after they had lost 
two chances the Army took up 
the running. 

After 17 minutes of eager 
striving the Army equalized. 
Jolly combining well with 
Jennings to capitalize on a 
move which he had started 
himself. The revitalized Army 
were deprived of a goal in the 
27th minute when Dogra. with 
the goalkeeper beaten, saved a 
shot from Gordon on the line 
and when the first half ended 
the Army bad forced six short 

Five minutes after the re- 
sumption of play the Army 
went ahead, having had belter 
luck with a short comer, 
which was converted by Jen- 
nings. They came dose to 
scoring from another short 
comer when Hemmings hit a 
post but their endeavours 
were rewarded when Banham 
received a pass on the right 
from Gordon and ran on to 

Two goals were contrived in 
the last minutes of play, one 
by Hemmings for die Army at 
a short comer, with assistance 
from ShuttJeworth. and the 
other by Taylor for Civil 
Service, who was sent on his 
way by Batchelor. 

aim. SERVICE: K BsyOff: M Ytatowtees. 

H S Dogra. N Fuller, P CMea. H Wiliams. 
Nazir Mohamed (sub. E Vickwy). J Taylor. 

A Batchelor. A Hay. D Patel. 

ARMY: LI R Lowm (RE* Maj T Marwaha 

(PARA). Bdr 1 Btraeha n (RA) (Sutr Sat C 
Peach. RAPQ. Copt M Bannam (RHA). 
Capt I Jotty (RA), U N Gordon (RHA) Capt 
P Sfxjtttowonti (Light (nteraryj, Capt A 
Mears (RA) (Sub: U P Frosu*. FEME) . 
Umpires: Sgt J Patel (Contorted Services) 
end P Denson (Southern Counties). 

• Ian Jennings, who plays out- 
doors for the Army, will be 
wearing a different shin today 
when ho appears for St Albans, 
the holders, in the Royal Bank 
indoor club championship, 
which will be conducted at the 
Michael Sobeil Sports Centre. 
Islington. St Albans have a 
strong .side which includes 
Halliday and Giles and, if they 
beat East Grinslead. will meet 
cither Tulsc Hill or Stourport in 
the semi-finals. In the other half 
of the draw South gale will be 
opposed by Boumvillc and the 
winners will meet either Fire- 
brands or Welton. 


7.30 unless stated 
Third division 

Newport v WahaB 

Fourth division 

Cambridge v Halifax 
Southend v Mansfield p 
T ranmere v Exeter 


Universities v Irish Universities 
(South a mpt o n Untwrote, 2Mr, Welsh 
Students v French Students (Bridgend. 

MATCHES: Bristol v 

(7-15): Lond on Irish v 

v Pontypridd 
Ctontart (Ufc 

v Gloucester Panarth v 
Tredegar p.Qfc Rosstyn Park v Ott 
Belvedere: Brnmaav South Wales Ponca 
(7.Q): WWps v Coventry (7,15). 



Courses to 
get £10m 
from Levy 

The Levy Board plan to make 
more than £10 million available 
for the modernization ol 
Britain's racecourses before the 
end of ihc decade. The need to 
improve facilities at the race- 
track was described as an urgent 
priority in the board s /W ft 
Stnncfiy Rtrieur. published yes- • 1 

Other plans include the grant- 
ing of an extra 20 evening 
meetings next year and a re- 
examination of the May pnze 
money is allocated- 

Sir fan Trethowan. the Levy- 
Board chairman, said: “Both the 
senior stewards of the J«*c> 

Club and the chairman of the 
Racecourse Association have 
spoken recently of the need to 
improve accommodation for 

the public and to stage racing at 
times when it will attract the 
greatest public support.'* 

He described as a "major 
watershed" ihc three-) car agree- 
ment on levy rates ihat the 
board had been able to arrange 
with bookmakers and ihc Tote. ^ 
which he said had enabled them r- 
to plan ahead with confidence. 

“Wc must, however, have a 
clear picture of what each 
racecourse needs before wc can 
decide what can be achieved 
realistically and over what 
period." Sir Ian said. “Over the 
coming months wc shall be 
drawing up a five-year 10 10- 
ycar plan of racecourse 
improvements in close 
collaboration with the Jockey 
Club and the Racecourse 

He said he was keen to 
promote sound racecourse 
management, encouraging 
courses to market themselves 
better and make use of their 
facilities on non-racing days. 

Most of the money available to 
racecourses will be in ihc form 
of short-term interest-free loans 
but ihc board will also make 
grants for safety projects. fi 

The grants for racecourse 
improvements arc paid our of 
the board's capital fund which 
gave £2.5 million for this pur- 
pose in the last complete finan- 
cial year. 1 984-85. The projected 
figures for the three years 
following the current financial 
year arc: 1986-87. £2 million: 
1987-88. £3 million: 1988-89. 

£3.5 million. 

On the subject of . prize 
money, which is due to go up 
five percent to £12 million next 
year. Sir Ian said: "Wc have 
agreed to rc-cxamine the criteria 
in the light of the representa- 
tions from many sections of the 
industry that we . should con- 
sider giving less to the top 
courses and more to the bottom. 
While wc remain concerned to 
maintain the quality of racing at 
the top courses, wc shall study 
alternative methods of " 

He expressed pessimism 
about the possibility of Sunday 
racing in ^Britain, saying: “It is 
our view that you cannot have 
Sunday racing without betting 
shops being open, as this would 
lead to an enormous amount of 
illegal betting. W'e will have to 
see what happens to the Sunday- 
Trading Bill currently going 
through Parliament but it may- 
be that wc will have to wait 20 
years for Sunday racing to 

More racing, page 35 


Oriel rowed over at the head 
of Oxford University Torpids 
yesterday. Kcblc trailed so far 
behind as not to offer the / 
remotest threat. Pembroke, in 
third place, were well out of 
touch with Kcblc. but could be 
challenged by Christ Church 

Christ Church bumped 
Oriel II in front of Oxford 
University Boat Club with such 
vigour as to provoke a host of 

In the women's divisions 
Osier House made an early 
bump on St Catherine's which 
took the medical students into 
second place behind Si Hugh's. 

Wednesday's bumps: 


DIVISION t Bnisenose bptl Exelw. 
Worcester ' “ 

bpd Jesus: 

Worcester bpd Queen s: Si Catnenne s 
i: New l 

i College bpd Jesus. 

DIVISION Ifc New College bpd St Edmund 
Halt Wadtiam bod University: Hertford 
bpd Magdalen. Trine* bpd St Johns; 

WoMson bpd Osier House: KeMe U bpd , 

DIVISION ffl: Christ Church II bpd Exeter 
II: Uncoto II bpd Worcester 11 . One) III bpd 
Worcester II. Uimemty n bpd Mansftofd. 

Merton bpd Mansfield; Pembroke u bpd 

DfVlSKte WBresanpea « bpd St Edmund 
Hell lh Si Camanne s « bpd Si Edmivta 
Hal II: New Coflsge II bpd Balbol II. St 
John's u bpd Bam II; Hertford II tod 
Queen’s II. Jesus II bpd Exeter ll 

OhnSTON Vr- Jesus ll bpd St Johns III; 

Wolispn ll bpo Onal IV : Regent's Park 
tod Oriel iviKeble III bpd Jesus IU: Oriel V 
bpd Jean IU: Lmacre bpd Lady Maroaret 
Han ll: Trowy ll bpd Si Benitsl Ha* 

OtVtOON Vfc Tnrflty ll bpd Queen's ill; 

Onel VI bpd Brasenose HI: ennst Church 
in bpd Brasenose III: St Peters it bpd 
Brasenose III. New College III bpd Merton 
11 . Hertford III bpd Merton II. Ladv 
Margaret HaD III bpd Manon ll. 

a,aawaiass££ e 


WVISION h Osier House bpd Lady 
Margaret HaH: Somerville bud St 

DIVISION II: Jesus bpd Trinity; 
Bfasapos 8 bpd SI Hugh's ft; 
Wrtfsor opd Exeter. New College 
bpd Exeter: Queen's I bpd St Hildas 

DIVISION ||| : Christ Church bpd £ 


St John s U bpd Pembroke II- St 
Edmund HaH II bpd Pembroke ll. 

DIVISION IV: University II bpd St 
Hughs V: University ll bpd St 
Hugh's IV: University ll bpd Worces- 
ter Tlr Jesus 111 bpd Jesus ll: Jesus III 
bpd Kebte ll: Jesus hi bpd New 
College H: Jesus III bpd St Hugh's 
VI; St Catharine s II bpd Tnmty ill. 

• For wn» s believed to be only the J 

tounh time w*a mey starred in 1327 jt 

there wd be no racing during mg ottiaai 
Lart w eek on the Cam m Cam- 
bndge, Efforts by the Cam Conservancy 

leuHtt » deer tte ice tram me iner More 

m vam. 

4 - ! • 4 
£ " 

M i. • : - 

Ll ' 



A . 

i , • ' 

: r 

f r - ; 


>. , 


i: ; 1 

V f 

rr« 1. 



1 !-<: 


K - 

1 . 


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J *>SH i> t 'sSJD 




Rethink over security 
arrangements may be 
necessary. Brown says 




Agencies — Tony Brown. 
Uie England manager, believes 
that security arrangements for 
the Trinidad stage of the West 
Indies tour may have to be re- 
examined if local political 
protests seriously affect the 
match against the island: side 
which starts today. 

Brown, who flew out from 
Heathrow airport yesterday 
with England's replacement 
batsman, Wilf Slack, said; “If 
things turn out to be worse 
than we expected, we win have 
to look at the security arrange- 
ments again. But we have had 

all the assurances we would- life. 

more open Guaracara Park 
because authorities feared 
demonstrations could Turn vi- 
olent. The island’s major trade 
unions are protesting against 
the presence of Gooch, 
Emburey. Willey and Taylor 
who toured South Africa with 
the rebel England team in 
1 982. 

The four were suspended 
from Test cricket for three 
years but this has not molli- 
fied apartheid protesters who 
are only too well aware that 
West Indians playing ip South 
Africa have been banned for 


expect and every effort has 
been made in the West Indies. 

“We expected demonstra- 
tions in Trinidad and that is 
their right, they have the 
Freedom to demonstrate and 
all we expect is the freedom to 
play. The West Indies cricket 
board have assured us of that. 
They have said we are allowed 
into every area in the West 

If there is violence, howev- 
er, the match may not take 
place. England, who were due 
to arrive in Trinidad late last 
night, do not intend to stay on 
ihe island if they feel they are 
in danger. The secretary of the 
West Indies board, Steve Ca- 
macho, hinted at the existence 
of a plan t© switch next week's 
second Test match elsewhere 
when he said: “We believe we 
have all the options covered. 1 * 
As if their troubles on the 
Held were not enough. 
England’s match was moved 
to Queen’s Park Oval from the 

Mr Brown's luggage in- . 
eludes protective batting gear 
and special drinks to combat 
the beat He said he expected 
Slack, the left-handed Middle- 
sex opening batsman who was 
born in St Vincent and has 
played for Windward Islands, 
to do well as the replacement 
for his injured county captain, 
Mike Gatling, who has had a 
successful operation on his 
shattered nose. 

“Wilf has played in the 
West Indies and knows what 
he is letting himself in for," 
-Mr Brown said. “He is a good 
batsman who was very dose to 
selection in the first place." 

Slack, who was plucked 
from England's B side touring 
Sri Lanka and was one of their 
leading performers, is looking 
forward to the Caribbean chal- 
lenge. He said: “As an opening 
batsman, I know what the line 
of attack is going to be. To me 
it’s quite normal because I 
always bat when the ball is 

hard. But I am not looking at 
it negatively. A couple of the 
guys have scored half ceniu- 
. ries and that’s the positive way 
to think about it." 

Slack posed for photogra- i 
phers at the check-in desk, 
holding a batsman's helmet, 
and joked: “Do you t hink I 
will need this more than my 
bat?" He looks like being 
given a quick taste of the 
action; be is in the squad of 1 2 
for the Trinidad match and 
may play in place of Lamb. 

A pan from Gatling, before his 
injury. Lamb has been in the 
most impressive form and 
could be ready for his first rest 
of the tour. 

Botham, Ellison, Thomas 
and Dowmon, who also 
played in the first Test match, 
will definitely not play. 
Botham is still suffering from 
a groin strain, while 
Downton's omission allows 
the reserve wicketkeeper, 
French, to have his first game. 
He should have kept wicket 
against Leeward Islands in 
Antigua, but a dog bit him 
while he was out training. 

Foster, Taylor and Emburey 
will be endeavouring to win 
back their Test places, but 
most interest will surround 
the batting form of Gower, 
Robinson, Smith and Slack. 
Gower, Robinson and Smith 



Two Britons are 
surprise stars 
of satellite series 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

The Lawn Tennis Association tournament. Olivier Delaine 
presumably have mixed feelings and. in the doubles. Dean Botha 

about the fact that Andrew and Denys (waasaorp. were 
Castle and Robin Drysdale were more richly rewarded than the 
Britain's most successful players corresponding champions at the 

Denys Maasdorp. 

in the five-week satellite series 
that ended yesterday at the 
David Uoyd Sports Club, 

Castle, aged 22. recently re- 
turned home after more than 

series first open Wimbledon in 1968, 
t the Rod Laverand the doubles team 
Club, of John Newcombe and Tony 

ly re- The doubles final was played 
than first because, for some reason. 




also . , *"■ • v • •' 

fh>m ■' YV 

Willie Brooks emerges from Portman Square yesterday, having been granted his licence 

Latest recruit to training 
should soon win his wings 

four years at Wichita State Doug Burke had arranged to be 
University. Drysdale. aged 33, is on a 3. 10 flight from Gatwick to 

semi-retired and spends much Vienna. Burke and Andy Gor- 
of his time coaching. They were don (United Slates) had four set 
not exactly the players the LTA points in the first set — their best 
had in mind when promoting chance came when Maasdorp 
the circuit. was serving at S-6 and love-40— 

Castle reached the singles but were beaten 7-6, 7-5 by the 
semi-finals at Telford and South Africans. 

Drysdale came within a point of Bertha served for the match 5- 
advancing to the final at 3 in the second set but Burke 

Drysdale came within a point of Bertha served for the match 5- 
advancing to the final at 3 in the second set but Burke 
Queen's Club; as a competitor and Gordon got back into the 
Drysdale has more ofa past than running, for a while anyway, 
a future, so he was hardly in the with a run of eight points out of 
running for the £500 Dewhurst sine. Both pairs had a const s- 


The national team manager. 

lentiy successful series. Even at 
this modest level doubles 

tournament director and referee specialists can make ends meet 
jointly decided that Castle was with a little to spare, 
the British player who had made Delaiite, the 13-vear-old 
the most progress during the Frenchman, beat Freddie Sauer, 
series in terms of “results, a Dutch citizen bom in South 
altitude and sponmanship“. Africa, 7-5, 6-2 in the singles 
Castle also won £834 in prize - final. This meant that in al] his 
money. The series cost him four matches Delailre beat a 
about half his total earnings, seeded player in straight sets. He 
including the award. He plans to has run into form at the right 

of the 

because he has 

This year should be a 
momentous one for Willie 

H ! 

-■ < ! V* 



mgen Slacksbtms that protection is a priority 
: QHt to face die fary of the West Indian bowlers 

have had a torrid time for. Brooks, who became the latest 
and Slack s arrival could pro- recruit to the training ranks 
vide much-needed impetus. yesterday when he was grant- 

Smith, A j Lamb. W N Slack, P Fat season by the stewards of 
witey, B N French, J E Emburey. P the Jockey Out). 

H Edmonds, N A Foster, L B Taytor. In May, Brooks expects to 

become a father for the first 
■ _ ATITAC 4*n£h time but before then he hopes 
vJUllIt/ij liiv to have saddled his first 
. winner as a trainer in his own 

Tni*P5}T IT right, having spent the last 
*■'**•” eight years assisting Barry 

„ _ _ _ _ __ Hills and Paul Cole in 

D6&CC Wins Lam bourn- it is there that he 

jjvuvv TV UIU will practice his art 

Kingston - Larry Gomes basji . C ° te "■««? “ 

in fa is power to make Fn giynH Whatcom be last year, he put 
slay in-Trinidad — but only in a Hill House on the market, 
cricketing sense (the Press either as a whole or in two Jots. 
Association reports). The im- Brooks has boughtthe bottom 
mediate concern for David yard, which consists of 38 
Gower and his side was the boxes and the snug adjoining 


late last night Anti-apartheid comprising another 70 
protesters were exported in large boxes, is still for sale, 
numbers at the airport and Brooks will be starting out 
around the Queen’s Park Oval on what is often regarded as a 
in Pon-of-Spain today when hazardous career at the same 
England’s three-day game time as Michael Dickinson 
agamj Tnmdad and Tobago aad Lester Piggon, two names 

If die matches nmn more fenuliar to the raring 

public. But it has been quite a 
■frilly^ Gomes -is likely to feature struggle to gjet this for. . 
in all of themand could have an While. Dickinson has de- 

imponam say in whether En- served ty been fed some of the 
gland are aWe to come bade cream of Robert Sangster's 
from down in both the one- bloodstock at Manion after 
v^Th^ _ making such a name for 

might eU hjroTlSnlJES KmntoSlSi'SSdtartS 

from. them. On his own ad- "BSP” Mnas been helped by the 
mission, he was tempted by an man y friends and contacts he 
offer from South Africa in 1983. made riding to fill his Eve 

Lodge stables in Newmarket, 
Brooks has had to start from 

Incident mars Pakistan victory 

By Michael Phillips 

into what has become a 
£200.000 family project 

For John, it has been ralher 
like returning home to redis- 
cover his roots because he was 
born in one of the old cottages 
at Seven Barrows when "his 
father, George, was riding for 
Captain Mather Jackson dur- 
ing the 1920s. John was not 
affected by the racing bug and 
chose the RAF as a career but 
his son finally succumbed to 
its magnetic draw when he 
was studying law at Kingston 

Discussing this first major 
crossroads in his life. Brooks 
said; “Mum and Dad went up 
the wall at the lime but when 
they realized that I was 
hooked and serious they gave 
in and rave their blessing," 
Soon after that, he spotted 
Bany Hills's advertisement 
for a pupil-assistant. 

Irish meeting 
the only hope 

There wilt be bo racing again 
la Britain tomorrow. Market 
Rasen was abandoned yesterday 
afternoon because of severe frost 
and this , followed similar 
announcements earlier in' the 
day at Newbury, Hereford and 
Haydock Park. 

An inspection will be held at 
10am today to see if tomorrow's 
Irish meeting at Navan can go 
ahead. Prospects there are grim 
hot the meeting may be trans- 
ferred to Leopardstown. 

Kandy (Reuter) — Pakistan's 
victory over Sri Lanka by an 
innings and 20 runs here yes- 
terday was marred by an 
unsavoury incident which took 
the Sri Lankan batsmen and the 
umpires off the field for 30 

The incident occurred when 
Ranatunga. who was lop scorer 
for Sri Lanka with 33, was given 
not out when Rameez at for- 
ward short-leg appealed for a 
catch off Tauseet Ranatunga 
was subjected to a verbal bar- 
rage from the fielders and 
protested to the umpires. He 
then left the field with the other 
batsman, Dias, followed by the . 

Pakistan’s manager, Saleem sm ianka: First innings tos. 
Asgher Nam, rushed on to the soerwd w™ 

field- and consulted with the s Wsatmuny c RmNzlT3ran s 

captain, Imran Khan, before Rwi Rafrayaka b Imran 7 

play resumed. After the match J 

Imran said his team had feh that l r d mwkBs V Muraaar b 
Ranatunga was out and should Tauseef 4 

have waited. A Baxwtunca S ZUqarrtrti b Tauseel 33 

A L F da Mw b Tbusnf 0 

"Their anger was directed at Runesn T ffiyjg !” ® ZiSqsrnain b 
the batsman and not the van- a**« de s*«frwt ouTlZZZIIZr * 

Lodge stables tn Newmarket, Following the routine inter- 
Brooks has had to start from view. Hills agreed to take him 
scratch without a fanfare of on with the words: “If you 
publicity. don’t like it, go; if 1 don't like 

Because he only got his you, you'll still go". Happily 
licence yesterday, he has had the two hit it oflr immediately 

pires. Test matches have bo- jwamawwrab imran o 

come a serious business and it is tA /mi SFw a abswn B ~ o 

very easy to flare up iu the (*> 3. w 6, nb i) .10 

gg?2i* atraosphere ’‘’ 

Imran said. < 3 , 5.74, 6 - 74 , 7-B0. s-too. 9 -iot. 

Pakistan owed their victory to t 3 *- 

tbe off spinner. Tauseef, who 0 * 1 * 7 - 1 - 19 - 0 ; Tauseef 15 - 7 - 45 -& 

returned bis best Test figures of pajqbtan: Rrat innaws 230 (Mudasmr I 
six for 45. Nazsr 81. Saton Mam 54). 

Fiddian-Green: Beau with 
the less than dandy name 

Because he only got his 
licence yesterday, he has had 
I to sell himself quietly without and Brooks spent the next five 
wishing to . prejudge the years at South Bank, 
stewards' decision. And their During ihauime he met and 
inspectorate could only give married Suzanne Carter who 
the green light a fortnight ago was looking after the Hills 
when contracts were finally children. His stay at South 
exchanged and matters of Bank taught him basic horse- 
securiiy tidied up. manship and animal husband- 

Despiie these problems, ry. The rest of the know-how 
Brooks will still start his first necessary to run a racing 
season with 18 boxes, which is stable was picked up during 
seven more than his predeces- the following three years while 
sor began with 18 years ago. he was assisting Cole. 

And tms has only been made Last year, the urge to take 

K 'ble by the derision of his the wheel himself after eight 
r, John, to sell his home years in the passenger seat 
in Virginia Water, move into became irresistible and luckily 
the cottage which his son it coincided with Cole’s deci- 
vacatcd in the middle of sion to move on. 

Lambourn, and inject capital Cole made life a lot easier 

by giving him Lhe option to 
buy the bottom yard and then 
allowing him to move into it 
two months before the con- 
tracts were finally exchanged 
so that he could begin to get 
things organized; then, at 
Christmas, came a good luck 
gift of five new head collars 
from Hills. 

But owners still had to be 
found, boxes filled and staff 
recruited. Brooks describes his 
owners as a cross-section of 
the grass roots of racing: local 
syndicates comprising the pro- 
verbial butcher, baker and 

He was not in a position to 
buy speculatively in the au- 
tumn so all the yearlings, none 
of which cost more than 4, 1 00 
guineas, were bought for own- 
ers who could produce the 
money in advance. It was a 
case of buying the athlete 
rather than the pedigree but, 
nonetheless, all the two-year- 
olds are by fast horses so be 
should not have to wait too ' 
long for his first winner. 1 
The stable's first runner is 
likely to be Mr Gardiner, a 
four-year-old belonging to 
Prince Fahad.. Salman, who 
was both quick and ready to 
support the new enterprise. 
.Mr Gardiner was a decisive 
winner of his final race last 
season and while be did not 
take kindly to hurdling this 
winter, he looks full of the joys 
of spring now. 

Another to relish the new 
challenge is Brooks’s head 
man. Robert (Jock) 
Waterston, who spent the last 
1 7 years working for Cole. The 
wish to remain in Lambourn 
coupled to the chance of 
promotion were his reasons 
for a switch of allegiance. 

For his previous employer 
he looked after such good 
horses as John de Coombe 
and Reach. Renowned as as 
lad of the highest calibre and a 
particularly fine work rider. 
Waterston clearly has a deft 
touch because his current 
charges are exuding good 

So. with Waterston at his 
side. Brooks already has a lot 
going for him. If boundless 
enthusiasm, a capacity for 
hard work, dedication and 
honesty count, we. should 
certainly be hearing a lot more 
of the stable in the coming 

improving his strength, speed granted a wild card place in a 
and general fitness during a grand prix tournament (his first) 
month's course ai Pat CowdeU’s in his home town of Metz, 
gymnasium in Birmingham, beginning on March 10. 

Having graduated in marketing. The more experienced Sauer 
Castle is now playing tennis full made the better start yesterday, 
time. Before long be could join He led 4-2. had three set points 
tiie small group of contemporar- on Delaitre's service at 5-4. but 
ies who are challenging for a then lost five consecutive games 
place in Britain's Davis Cup and. as if that was not enough. 

team. cut a finger as well. Sauer never 

The prize-money on offer in had another chance to break 
yesterday's finals at Wellington, through. 

£910 for tiie singles winner and As compensation. Sauer 
£337 for the successful doubles emerged as the second biggest 
pair, seems modest by today's money winner in the series with 
standards: but in terms of £1.989, compared with Chris- 
pounds for sets won during the tian Bergstrom's £2,371. 


Ford engine has 
successful trials 

By John Blmtsdeo 

The twin turbocharged I Vi brought not only huge addi- 
litre V6 engine which is bring- tional costs but also a period of 
ing Ford back into grand prix high mechanical mortality to 
racing has successfully com- the grand prix scene (it took 
pleted its first circuit tests and Renault 25 races to win their 
the company's private test first GP with a turbo, while 
track at Boreham, Essex, a Honda, who ended last season 
former wartime airfield which with the most powerful engine, 
became a race circuit tempo- required 15 attempts). 

rarily in the 1950s. 

Both Patrick Tambay and 

More than ever before, the 
accent this season will be on 

Alan Jones, foe drivers en- engine efficiency, with fuel 
gaged by Carl Haas this tankage being restricted 195 

season for his new Formula 
One team, took part in foe 
test. It also marked the first 
appearance of foe team's new 
car. which has been designed 
and built by Formula One 

litres, and the Ford FI engine 
has been equipped with foe 
company's EEC-IV on board 
computer, which has been 
developed by the Ford electri- 
cal and electronic engineering 

Race Car Engineering division, employing aerospace 
(FORCE) at their new base technology, and is claimed to 

near Heathrow Airport. 

Although there are visual 
similarities between this car 
and the Beatrice-Hart which 
took part in three grand prix at 
foe end of last season (and will 
be used in foe Brazilian Grand 
Prix on March 23), foe com- 
pact dimensions of foe Ford FI 

be the world's most powerful 
and sophisticated electronic 
engine management system. 
The equipment, which is also 
to he found on foe engines of 
the latest Granada saloons, 
not only controls and monitors 
foe engine, Ignition and turbo- 
charger systems of the formula 

engine have called for a big one car, but is also capable of 
redesign at the rear of the car, self-diagn os is, thereby prorid- 

inciuding the use of an extend- 
ed transmission housing to 
compensate for foe engine's 
shorter cylinder block. 

The new 120“ V6 engine 
marks a renewal of the col- 
laboration between Ford and 
Cosworth engineering, which 
19 years ago resulted in foe 
famous 3 litre Ford DFV, a V8 
engine which won its first 
grand prix and then went on to 
record 154 further victories 
over 16 years. 

However, for Ford and for 
Keith Duckworth, foe engine’s 

ing a "belt and braces" facility 
to ensure that foe engine is 
always operating at optimum 

The initial trials having 
been successfully completed, 
foe team will now begin a 
further programme of circuit 
testing In foe United Kingdom 
and on the continent before 
committing foe new car and 
engine to their first grand prix. 
This could be at Jerez, where a 
new circuit is due to be used for 
foe Spanish Grand Prix on 
April 13, although the more 

Sr Neville Carries wrote an 
essay on foe names of cricketers 
in which he made amusing pUy 
with Gankrodger. Gankrodger 
was a Worcestershire player 
before the First World War. 
Card as was still at school in 
Lancashire. From an evening 
paper, oa an inside page, be 
learnt font Worcestershire had 
lost six wickets for 60 against 
Lancashire (be consulted foe 
Inside page first BO prepare 

forestalled half of a double- 
barrelled surname is John 
MacGregor Kendall KendaU- 
Carpenter, the headmaster of 
Wellington School. 

Fiddmn-Greea was ait the 
Leys School, went op to Cam- 
bridge alter the first war and in 
1921 won a Bine. He did not 
crane into foe side until foe tour 
but then scored so heavily that 
be kept oat several batsmen who 
were to become more famous, 
including T.C. Lowry, the first 
bad news) and turned on con- captain of New Zealand. In 1922 
fidenily to foe stop press. he came second in foe Cam- 

He was disgusted to find that bridge averages (just under SB) 
Worcestershire had made a and was chosen for the Gentle- 
stoat recovery and that men at Lord's. 

Gankrodger was 82 not oat- His So 1 really should have heard 
disgust was intensified because of him, eves though that was foe 
he felt that nobody with such a year before 1 was bora; but his 
mm» was fit to be a first-class cricketing fate was that of many 
cricketer. “I am glad*', he wrote amateurs from then onwards, 
montantly. “that he never He could dm afford tiie time to 
played for England. “ play regularly. He became a 

J had a similar experience master al Malvern, where he 
myself when 1 was a young lad succeeded the great Charles 
living at Leyton and assiduously Toppin ns cricket master, 
supporting Essex. Essex were — — 

Elegance off and 
on the field 

hem it was ‘in the stop-press — 

cohmm that 1 “f Toppifl's creed had been 

Gurdol Fiddias-Green seemed was saM foat no batsman ever 
to mens ram* an insult after had any defence when be left 
fojary as Gankrodger was to school and Fmofejs-Green, 
him. He was not a Worcester though a stroke-maker hlm- was only recently foot introduced a little re- 

1 came across Ws name again, in cj^unt. He had first played for 
a passing reference, and this. Warwickshire in 1920 «Mf 

!mrnm a* dhu.. „ j, M b tte 

SingL 1 ” SSEr-tll 1928. In his bst 

I discovered ttec hewu no* * year it beaded fte comty 
bad player, though I still do ant averages, just over 50. 

Gad his' name attractive (it was He did not play for foe next 
even worse than I had thought: r w years but returned — now 

in faff be was Charles Anderson ( Worcestershire — for some 

K ? di ^ riddi r Gw matches 1931 to 1934. In 

only other man I can remember t j. e W’urces- 

*fca was blessed with this trick IWHJ JSSaMBlSjl 
of a mme which tershn* averages (*«) 300 n 

a strok e-maker him- S p 0r jj 0 g interest after (some- 
self, introduced a fittle re- mD before) cricket. He 

was in his first match for them i 
foat he scored the century 
against Essex which so inftzri- 
ated me. 

I never saw him play. Essex 
osed to meet Worcestershire 
at Leyton on Bank Holiday 
weekends and I remember the 
matches of 1932 (the first time 
I saw CF. Walters) and 1933 
(the Navrab of Patandi’s off- 
drive). But I learn that he was 
an elegant batsman, strong on 
the off side in the amateur 
tradition and elegant also in 
dress and demeanour. 

Robertson-Glasgow, who 
played against him twice in the 
University match, wrote that 
“sartorially, he fras foe Beau 
Brammel of foe Cambridge 
side" and that his batting was 
“the rery mirror of 
orthodoxy", which did not 
prevent him from being bowled 
out in 1922 by a vast off break 
by Raikes which (according to 
the same authority) “pitched 
nearly off the mown snrfaoe"- 
but by then he had shared hi a 
steady opening partnership 
which had pot Cambridge 
securely on top. 

He was an all-ronud games 
player, he won a Blue for 
hockey and played rugby well; 
bat golf was his principal 

Phoenix prize doubled S 11 ^ 11 ^ f v ? 

The prize money for tiie 
Heinz 57 Phoenix Stakes is to be 
doubled to £200.000 this year, 
making it twice as valuable as 
any other two-year-old race in 
Europe with a guaranteed first 
prize of £132,000. The six- 
furiong event will be run on 
August 10 at Phoenix Park — tiie 
first time it has been held on a 

Ray Laing, who trained Roar- 
ing Riva to win the race last 

year, said: “1 have about 30 two- 
year-olds in training and if one 
of them is good enough 1 will be 
back. However, with the race 
worth £200.000, I don’t expect 
to have everything my own way 
this year.” 

Jonathan Irwin, the chief 
executive at Phoenix Park, said: 
“We believe ihai owners and 
trainers now have ibe incentive 
to bring their two-year-olds into 
form a little earlier.'* 


at Newmarket ; 

William Hastings-Bass is to 
resume training Tot the Queen 
this season. The Newmarket 
handler, who moved to Austra- 
lia to begin a new career in 19B3, 
only to return within a year, will 
train five of the Queen’s iwo- 

They include Palais De 
Danse, who is by Dance In 
Time, and is a full brother to 
Red Shoes. 


Hunting horns signal' Oxford’s eyes 
hunt is all but over 1 

By Pan] Harrison 1983 Will 

White Potanin's ulayers car- against Speedwell. And only one ®? Joyce Whitehead 

designer, foe D5V is a difficult likely debat will be in the San 
- if cot impossible - act to Marino Grand Prix at Imola 
follow. Turbo technology has two weeks later. 


De La Hunty secures 
second place in team 

From Chris Moore, Konigssee 

Tom De La Hunty secured Their best 50-metre time was a 
the second place in the British disappointing S.36sec. which 
team for tomorrow's four-man was the slowest of the top 20 
event at the world champion- sleds on the second run. 

ships in Kdoigssee by beating 
Mark Tout in yesterday's selec- 
tion race during official practice. 

“We can't afford to give away 
that sort of lime and it may well 
be that we’ll use Mark Tout's 

White Potonia’s players car- 
ried their coach. James Tytko, 

against Speedwell. And only one 
match away, and that is at 

around tiie court on their shoul- Speed we I L" 
ders to a salute of Polish hunting The lack of competition 

horns. Speedwell Rncanor’scoa- throughout the season worries 
ch. Sieve Nuth. considered his both teams. Polonia have only 
team's failure Polonia's 3- 1 (15- three matches left, at Malory. 

10, 17-15. 6-15. 15-101 victory 
on Saturday over Speedwell 

Poole OBC and Newcastle 
(Staffs l and despite their un- 

virtually assured them oi the certainty against poorer oppo- 
Royal Bank League fust di- sition it is hard to see them 

** ra*** to do with foe 
Wanwctetee ia 1920 aM Coailt y crieketera' Golf Sod- 
con tinned to do so - m foe f(Hra ded by his Wanrick- 
hohdaj«imfol92&fohBlart captaill , p.S.G. 

year Si® headed foe ccmssy (^jtfjorpe. In one University 

vision title. throwing away the title. 

For Speedwell and Nutb it The Siiperbowt competition, 
was tiie end of a brave attempt, inaugurated this season, is sure 
They had, after all. led the to pit them against Speedwell 
league for most of the . season again as the top four clubs do 
and two defeats by their west battle on May 17 at 
London rivals are their only Farn borough. In all com- 
blemishes so far. petitions this season, for the first 

“We got what we deserted.” lime, prize-money js to be won. 

battle on May 17 at 
Famborough. Jn all com- 
petitions this season, for the first 
lime, prize-money is to be won. 

Nuih said. “We only got going There are awards for the promo- 
in fits and starts." He was uoo of matches as well as for 

prepared to lake his share of the 
blame. “I think l played myself 

playing achievements. 

The winners of the men's first 

their 34) victory in 1983. 

The Cambridge captain. Ruth 
Lupion. recently broke her arm 
ana it is doubtful whether she 
will be fit to play. Cambridge 
include three other Blues in 
ihcir side. Lesley Cowans (Sid- 
ney Sussex). Alison O’Neill (St 
Catharine’s! and Margaret Allen 
(Girtoni. who has played for 
England at under- 18 level and 
now plays for Cambridgeshire. 

De La Hunty, a PT instructor brakeman Lenny Paul for the 
in the RAF. and his crew of Neil Iasi two practice runs." Phipps 
Coyne. John Edwards and Peter said. “We've still got something 
Brugnani were 0.69sec faster in hand but evidently not as 
over two runs after producing much as I had thought." 
the quickest time so tax of any Erich Scharer. of Switzerland. 
British crew on the opening lauf. who clocked 49.0Ssec on the 
They clocked 49.48sec. the first run. and Ralph Pickier, 
ninth fastest of the iauf. which with 49.13 on the second, were 
even Nick Phipps in his hired quickest yesterday in sealing 
Swiss sled could not match their selection, while the reign- 
yesterday. Phipps was also ing world champion. Bernhard 
slower than De La Humy on foe Lehmann, will partner the 
second run and is considering a Olympic champion, Wolfgang 
switch in his crew in an effort to Hoppe, in the East German 
improve bis start times. team, having held off the chal- 

He has already had to bring in Icnge from Deilef Richacr. 
a first-year bobber. Colin Harris The remaining place in foe 
of the RAF, instead of the Austrian team, along with Peter 
injured Keith Power, and on Kienast. goes to Walter 
yesterday's evidence the Allied Dellecanh. who was 0.17sec 
Steel crew were not getting their quicker than his compatriot, 
act together sufficiently well. Ingo Appelt. 

Brugnani were 0.69scc faster 
over two runs after producing 
the quickest time so tar of any 

Oxford stage the University 
match at foe Parks tomorrow 

where another exciting en- "£ l n h SkraSSTiftL wS 
counter is in prospect-fiiis is 

always an enjoyable event and SSS-j!? 1 ph.wL SL. aiS 

perhaps more so tomorrow as 

foe results in foe past two years ^ fn ^ 

have been draws. 3-3 in 1985 second run and is considering a 

and l-l in 1 984. Oxford will, no W 

doubt, be hoping for a repeal of 

He has already had to bring in 
a first-year bobber. Colin Harris 
of the RAF, instead of tiie 
injured Keith Power, and on 
yesterday's evidence the Allied 
Steel crew were not getting their 
act together sufficiently wefl. 


CYCLING: Steve Fleetwood- of 

averages, just over SO. 

match he won his single 7 and second set 

too much and ! made a few division get £600. the women 
mistakes ai a crucial stage in the £500; and the winners of the 

- UidlLU I1C ***** •M i xy w r WMM 

He did pofpl ay for fo e aext ^ foorsmned and 2. He 

iiea ,976 * Dever * 3wwii1 * 
forWoiwtershwe-f«»rae fixat be was my very own 
natdws from 1931 to I93Afa Gankrodger, 

1931 be headed foe norm- s ... «« _ 

tershira averages (40) and it Alafl GfljSOIl 

second set" men's and women's cups get 

Tytko. who is resigning at the £350 each. The Superhowl has 
end of the season because of been allocated £1.600 to be 
pressure of work, made his shared between foe four 
respect for Speedwell dear. “We competing teams. Taking part is 
only have one match al home still important but so, too, is the 
which is competitive, and that is money. 

Oxford are fielding four Blues Liverpool, hopes to repeat bis 
— Jane Herron (Si Hilda's), wm of last March in Sunday's 50 
Elizabeth Steele (Somerville), miles County of Merseyside 

Katharine Smalman-Smifo (Si 
Hugh's) and Karen Reynolds, 
the captain from Merton who 
was a west under-2I olaver for 

grand prix . Fifty of 
Britain's leading professionals 
will take part, many of them 

was a West under-2I player for reluming from the south of 
two years and has played for France training grounds. Tony 
Gloucestershire for three sea- Doyle, the former world c ham- 
sons. pion. has confirmed that he will 

[wood, of compete, despite a car crash last 
?peat bis weekend- 

nday's 50 RUGBY UNION: Headingley 
erseyside and Nottingham have switched 
Fifty of their merit table match tomor- 
Pesrionals row to Rossall School Black- 
of them pool The game was scheduled 
toutii Of for Headingley's Kirkstall 
ds. Tony ground, but there is little chance 
Id cham- of that pitch being fit because of 
at he will the weather. 


- -♦ 




Tf ** * 


Exorcising the 
Scots to face 
the rampaging 
men of Ireland 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 


England placed their main 
training investment in the 
l«nk yesterday. They spent 
three hours at the Bank of 
England ground in 
Roehampton exorcising the 
ghosts of the record defeat ar 
Murrayfield a fortnight ago in 
the hope of meeting Ireland at 
Twickenham tomorrow in the 
.Save and Prosper internation- 

Their usual training ground 
at St Mary's College. Straw- 
berry Hill was unfit because of 
the freezing weather and the 
Rugby Football Union looked 
in various directions before 
the bank came to their rescue. 
It all emphasized the point 
made fay Martin Green. 
England's coach, when he 
said: “We have to think 
carefully about the facilities 
available for rugby in En- 

• “We need a training head- 
quarters for the national rugby 
side.I am not criticizing the 
tremendous effort made by 
the RFU to get us facilities but 
we have to come to terms with 
the fact that this may happen 
again." He agreed that Twick- 
enham would be the obvious 
place which suggests that un- 
der-surface heating at the na- 
tional ground is the answer. Of 
the four home unions only 
Scotland possess such heating 
which has saved many a 
representative game. 

Nigel Melville. England's 
captain, added his weight to 
the suggestion: “It is hard to 
believe that you come down 
for an international and you 
don't know where you are 
training the next day." The 
England team management 
had decided to spend some of 
their training lime indoors 
before they discovered that 
the Bank's ground was ade- 

quate for most purposes, even 
though the players found diffi- 
culty getting any support 

The players' day began with 
a long team meeting discuss- 
ing the 27 point disaster at 
Murrayfield and the approach 
against Ireland with different 
personnel. Green said the 
confidence of the players had 
recovered: “They are very 
determined because they are 
sick to death of what they have 
read and beard these last 10 
days and want to put it right" 

“Once you have been beat- 
en like that you want to 
bounce back straight away." 
Melville said, “and it's been 
frustrating that hardly any of 
us have been able to play since 
then because of the weather. 
You must also remember we 
had a good game against 
Wales and we want to put 
ourselves back on the right 
track. Many things happened 
against Scotland that were out 
of character." 

Much of England's work 
devolved around their reorga- 
nized back row. The indica- 
tions were that Rees would 
play at the tail of the lineout 
with Wimerbottom standing 
at five, and that Richards 
would be a moveable feast in 
the same way that England 
used their jumpers against 

The Irish trained in Dublin 
before flying over yesterday. 
Club games there have not 
been so severely affected by 
the weather though six of the 
side were unable to play last 
weekend. Sadly this week 
Victor Pike, the former Bish- 
op of Sherborne who played 
four times against England 
and 13 times for Ireland in all 
between 1931 and 1934 as a 
hooker died at his home in 
Salisbury. He was 78. 

Twickenham this week 
has been a far cry from 
the pristine playing sur- 
face admired by the 
62,000 who attend inter- 
national matches there 
and the millions who fol- 
low England's fortunes on 
television (David Hands 
writes). Heavy dnty black 
covers protect the lush but 
cold green face against 
the bitter weather. 

The Rugby Football 

Union's battle to stage 
tomorrow's game against 
Ireland continued yes- 
terday. Air Commodore 
Bob Weighfll, the RFU 
secretary, said: “We have 
another 36 hours and we 
are keeping the hot air 
blowers going. The play- 
ing surface will be in- 
spected at midday today 
by the presidents, coaches 
and captains of the two 
countries and it is hoped 

that a definite announce- 
ment can be made then on 
whether the game will go 

The worst-affected 
parts of the pitch yes- 
terday were the in-goal 
areas which do not receive 
the same concentrated 
attention as the rest of the 
pitch. The difficulty is in 
ensuring that the ground 
remains free of frost de- 
spite the bitter east wind 

which has blown all week. 
With the covers on and 
blowers in position below 
them, the ground resem- 
bles some dark swamp 
with huge billowing air 
bubbles here and there, 
which, I suppose, is what 
it was before the RFU 
bought it 76 years ago and 
turned it into their head- 

Photograph: John 

Wales need to adapt to new Scots keep 
set of circumstances 

Schoolboy hopefuls 
ready to try again 

By Michael Stevenson 

The sharpest spell of weather 
for 20 years continues to take its 
toll. Predictably, the England 
Schools trials at both 1 8 and 16 
group level could not be held 
■last weekend and must be at risk 
this weekend when it is hoped ■ 
that Midlands will meet 1 North 
at Nottingham High School and 
Sooth and South West will face 
South East at the National 
Westminster Bank Ground, 

Both 16 group regional trials 
are due to be played, weather 
permitting, at StrensaU Barracks 
this weekend and the final trial 
it is hoped, will be next week- 
end. Tomorrow, at StrensaU. 
South East play South West and 
on Sunday Midlands meet 

Fettes enjoyed a wonderful 
season. They won 13 of their 
matches, drew two and lost two, 
scoring 215 points to 69 con- 
ceded. The two defeats were 
against Merchision (3-4) and 
Glasgow Academy (11-16) in 
the final minute of injury time. 
Chris Hodgson, in his third year 
in the side, captained capably 
and was rewarded with the 
captaincy of the President’s XV. 
though the only foil repre- 
sentative honour to be won was 
by Alistair Pinfiet, who played 
for Scottish Schools at lock 

against both the Australian tour- 
ists and French Schools. 

Geoff Blair, the master-in- 
charge. writes: “We thought that 
our scrummaging would be a 
weak area but it turned out to be 
quite a strength. We have been 
flinging the ball around in 
refreshing style and the support 
play of the beck row and the 
backs has been very effective." 

Fettes play in a tough circuit 
and their record is the more 
praiseworthy if one registers the 
fact that not one of the following 
fine rugby schools scored a point 
against them during the past 
season: Glenalmond, 

Strathallan, Lorrtto, Herioi's, 
Stewart's-Melville, Watson's 
and Edinburgh Academy. 

Woodbouse Grove's swan- 
song, a taxing fixture against 
powerful Bradford GS r fell vio- 
lim to the weather Iasi weekend, 
leaving them with the enviable- 
record of played 16, won 13, 
drawn two. lost one. scoring 323 
points and conceding 1 12. 

Woodhouse Grove have been 
invited to the Preston Festival 
for the first time and two days 
later they are hosting and play- 
ing against St Michael's College 
from British Colombia. Plans 
are already underway to send a 
party of 26 boys and four staff to 
Zimbabwe in July 1987. 

Wales, like the other home 
countries, are aware of the 
changing pattern which, with a 
sudden thud at the back of the 
neck, has caught up with them 
this year and demands that the 
pack be mobile. Each style or 
method has its moment; such 
things are changeable. The art is 
to notice the likely change 
coming before it stares you in 
the face and punches you in the 
nose. Australia did us that 
service a year ago. 

The ruling set-piece may be 
out of fashion, and no doubt will 
some day return, but the time is 
ripe for athletic forwards, with 
Scotland perhaps hinting at the 
way: not simply in the move- 
ment of ibetr back-row for- 
wards. and the rest of them as 
well to the point of breakdown 
but, in winning the ball to 
distribute it into, space rather 
than aim negatively to commit 
the opposing player so as to take 
him out of the game. 

Wales are absorbing this les- 
son; but there is another one 
which is less familiar. They 
know from the past what it is 
like to have a roaming and 
dominating set of back-row 
forwards; less a part of their 
experience is to know what it is 
like to have a scrum half of 
Robert Jones's calibre. Not that 
he is, by a long chalk yet, 
anywhere near his predecessors; 
but be is radically different from 
them. It is a new set of 
circumstances to which Wales 
need to adapt their tactics and 
style of play. 

There have been few of his 
kind around, fewer still who 
have worn the red jersey, or 
have come anywhere near to 
being capped; and if they have, 
they have not been allowed to 
stay around for long. Unlike the 
other three countries. Wales 
traditionally have enjoyed and 
often preferred a powerfully 


By Gerald Davies 

domineering personality at 
scrum half. Certainly it is the 
case in the last 30 years. 

Onllwyn Brace was a man of 
icksilver brilliance and flair 
invention, too much of 
which aroused sucb suspicion as 
to be apologetically excused or 
branded “unorthodox". Ahead 
of his time, others said, mystify- 
ingly. Does the time never come 
for such a player? He had only 
one foil season for Wales in a 
potential of six, in which he 
made occasional appearances 
between 1956 and 1961. 

Lloyd Williams, of Cardin' 
labelled a ninth forward, was 
favoured with the more consis- 
tent selection. Powerful he was 
and protective of his stand-off 
hall who was in those days in 
the direct firing line and such 
easy prey for wing forwards who 
had a licence to destroy their 
puny opposition. He shouldered 
a good deal of the burden as, in a 
different way. did Clive Row- 
lands, who was to follow in the 
early sixties. 

By sheer force of personality 
as much as his skill he deter- 
mined the tactics. Although 
there were other undoubted gins 
which he possessed, he will for 
ever be known for his preference 
for the boot He influenced a 
change in the laws after forcing 
111 lineouts in a match at 

Alan Lewis, of Aberlillery, 
was a quick passer of the ball but 
he had only one foil season; 
Billy Hullin had only one cap 
and was very much in the Brace 
mode. There followed the long 
Edwardsian march through the 
seventies, upon which decade 
the scrum half cast an 
overwhelming shadow. . 

Gareth Edwards, with his 
partners, was the dominating 
influence. Apart that is, from 
bis period with Barry John, who 

could countenance his scrum 
half only as some kind of 
equerry to serve his royal needs; 
or, to put it another way. the 
scrum half seen as the straight 
man feeding all (he good jokes to 
his elegantly witty partner. 
Terry Holmes's powerful pres- 
ence carried on that Edwards 
tradition which has stretched for - 
almost 20 years. 

That chain has now been 
broken. Robert Jones is smaller 
than the others, though he is 
quite stocky where it matters 
around the thighs and hips; 
broad shouldered, too. But his 
stock-in-trade is his swift pass to 
either side, the quickest of all the 
others mentioned. 

He is not going to bowl over a 
seemingly steadfast back-row 
defence as his predecessors did. 
He seeks a parting of the ways' 
with this Welsh tradition. His 
influence is more in keeping 
with the Southern hemisphere; a 
Catchpole of Australia, or a 
Lovendge from New Zealand. 
And with the extrovert Davies 
outside him, he is going to feed 
the best lines to his stand-off 

It is with this that Wales have 
to come to terms. The old slow 
ball particularly from the 
scrum will no longer do; to 
delay is to stifle the quick 
ingenuity of the half backs; the 
forwards, too, must see that they 
serve the best interests of those 
Behind them. 

Different players require a 
different service. Before half- 
time in Dublin three scrums in 
succession ' were held on the 
Irish line; three times the- at- 
tempted pushover failed. After 
half-time a quicker heel to Jones 
set Davies off on a tangent that 
got the vita 1 try. Not that this 
could or should happen all the 
time; but the shift or emphasis 
that is now required is there for 
all to see. - - 

warm on 
the blanket 

By Ian McLaucMau 

With the probable cancella- 
tion of all dub fixtures this 
weekend, the Scottish Rugby 
Union have decided to make 
use of the undersoil heating at 
Murrayfield to stage a game 
between South of Scotland and 
Scottish Districts. South, who 
field an aft-international side, 
inducting seven of this year’s 
team bring back the centres, 
Murray and Robertson, after 
injury and indude Baird and 

Tomes will want to prove a 
point from the lode position, as 
will Paxton, who is restored to 
No 8. The underrated White, the 
Gala flanker, wfl] welcome his 
first game for seven weeks. 

Scottish Districts have only 
one uncapped player in Chris 
Gray, (he Anglo-Scott lock. He 
teams up with Campbell- 
Lamertoa , who won his only 
cap against France in the first 
international of this season. The 
bade row consists of the Cakier 
twins, Jim and Finlay, who have 
Beattie in at No 8. 

Behind the scrum the Has- 
tings brothers, Johnston and 
Duncan, who are all in the 
Scotland side, are joined by 
Munro on the left wing, with 
Wyilie and Hunter at half back. 

BaM (Kabo). K Brib m qn 
Murray (HawJckL t Tokulo 
Rutherford (8*K|. R Laktew (JeU- 

a,s te& c ‘ 

fck), A Toraaa 

J Jeffery (Mateo). I PUai (SeMrfc), 

! G HaaBnaa (Lon- 
don Scottteti); M Duioaa (Weal <4 

Scotewd). P Ju t— te a (WMaanteni ' 


Brawatar (Stewart - * 

(Kelso. captain). 

G Campbc 

Law Report February 28 1986 

(Glasgow Aoadwi 


win for 

Hcmsedal Norway (AP) - 
The Swedish veteran Ingemar 
Stenmark produced two steady 
giant slalom runs yesterday to 
win a record 82nd World Cup was also the 44th giant 
slalom triumph in Stenmark's 
1 3-year World Cup career. 

S(cnmark had runs of Imin 
9.51sec and 1:16.53. to beat 
Hans Stuffer of West Germany 
by of a second to win in 

Stenmark. aged 29, the great- 
est giant slalom racer of all lime, 
led Pirrnin Zurbriggen of 
Switzerland by .13 of a second 
after the first run on the Sahaugl 
track. But in the second run. 
Zurbriggen lost his balance mid- 
way through, (hen straddled a 
gate and was disqualified. 
Zurbriggen's misfortune 

opened the door for Stuffer. who 
finished in 2:26.32 after runs of 
1:09.95 and 1:16.37. 

Hubert Sirolz of Austria, who 
was third in 2^16.67. retained his 
lead in the Worid Cup giant 
slalom standings. Stroiz has 
scored in all five races, finishing 
second twice and third three 

Marc Girardtlli, of Luxem- 
bourg was fourth in 2:26.70. 
Fifth place was taken by Jod 
GaspOz of Switzerland and Rok 
Peirovic of Yugoslavia was 
sixth. . 

RESULTS: 1. I SMnmok JSwel 
26. CM sec 2. H Stutter (WG) £263 2 ; 3, H 
sSnMteBtnaJ £26.6* 4. M GnrteU 

eaS ea fr gfBS 

GUman (Vug) 221.71: 

22W. 15T Bueqjter (SwW 229.(B. 
OVERALL: 1. Strete BS pts; 2, Gm pw 73: 
a Stenmark 67 ; 4,Qw«bB 5. 


6 !l«ab 18ft 7. L Stock (Austria) 


Draw backfires on England 

By Richard Eaton 

Despite criticisms of the draw 
being held in secret.- the AQ- 
Engmnd Championships, spon- 
sored by Yonex, could hardly 
have produced a less favourable 
fall of the dice for home players 
than it has this year. 

Since the leading Chinese and 
Indonesians are preferring to 
prepare for the Thomas Cop and 
Uber Cup worid team finals in 
April and May, the English 
might reasonably have been 
hoping to challenge for three 
titles and reach the last eight of 
the other two. They have even 
better reason to fed differently 
now. It is almost as if those 
making the draw - apparently 
made private to keep freeloaders 
away - felt that they bad to 
provide proof of their total and 
otter incorruptibility. 

For instance Helen Troke, the 
no. 3 seed, who will probably 
never have a better chan ce of 
adding the All-England to the 
European, Commonwealth and 
English national titles she al- 
ready has, has landed right in 
the part of the drawshe wanted 
to avoid, that containing the only 
weft-known Chinese player al- 
lowed to come, Qiu Phi*, last 
year’s German open champion. 
Troke has never beaten ber-, with 
the top-seeded Kirsten Larsen, 
of Denmark, she has roughly a 
50-50 record. 

England's other no. I Steve 
Baddetey, who is seeded to read) 
the last eight, may struggle to 
get there because be has a likely 
second round with the hard- 
hitting former European cham- 
pion, Jens- Peter NierbofT. If he 
does, be has a probable quarter- 
finfl] with the world no. U 
Morten FrosL Steve Botler has a 
likdy second round with another 
of the talented Danes, Michael 
Kjcklseii. who usually beats him. 
Darren Hall who saved a match 
point to beat Boiler b> this 
month's thrilling national final 
shook! havea second round with 
Prakash Padukone. the 1980 
All-England champion from In- 

and Mark Christiansen, while 
Nigel Tier and Gillian Gowers, 
seeded to reach the mixed final 
may not make it because Park 
Joo Bong, of Sooth Korea, who 
won the world mixed title with 
Yoo Sang Hee. stands n their 
eighth of the draw in partner- 
ship with Chang Mynag Hee. 

More importantly. Park's ab- 
sence from the singles is both 
carious and worrying. After 
concentrating no doubles and 
winning two world titles in June, 
he said he wo aid concentrate on 
singles again. For a few weeks 
be did so, beating Baddeley on 
the tear of England in the 
atttnmn, ami on his form that 
time looked more than good 
(enough to be among the chal- 
lenge's for the All-England 

Troke: tough test 

Also I timbered with un- 
pleasant obstacles is Nora 
Pnry, making her last serious 
challenge at the age of 31 for two 
doubles titles. She and Billy 
GBliland, of Scotland, are 
favourites to retain the rehcorf 
doubles bat have a probable 
quarter-final with their 
compatriots and predecessors as 
chare ptons. Martin Dew and 
Gillian Gifts; Perry and Troke 
are expected to play a women's 
doubles quarter-final with 
Nettie Nielsen and Dorte Kiser, 
the top seeds in the European 

And so h goes on. Dew and 
Dfpalc Tailor should have a 
men's doubles quarter-final with 
last year's finalists, Kjeldsen 

Cotmfrfes have in the past 
been suspected of encouraging 
players to withdraw from in- 
dmdaal events in the hope of 

obtaining a more favourable 

playing order id team events. 
England, fur instance, were the 
object of a rejects ve process from 
Denmark two years ago. One 
trusts that Park, dearly South 
Korea's outstanding player, does 
not suddenly re-appear hi sin- 
gles, playing down the order in 
the Thomas Cop. nor that his 
country arc denying him .a 
lifetime's rimnw of a famous 
title. „ . __ 

On a happier note, England's 
no. 2. Nick Yates, the man of 
silent steel again looks to be our 
quietest and best hope of soccess 
in Wembley. Twice he has 
reached the last eight and 
although this time he is on- 
seeded, the seeds to bis quarter 
are both men he beat in the 
Worid Grand Prix final in 
Tokyo in December, the Malay- 
sian, Misbun Snick, and lb 
Frederiksen, of Denmark. 
Frederiksen, who beat Frost in 
the Danish National finals, is 
Europe's most improved player 
but If Yates were to get past both 
these opponents agate, he would 
become England's first senu- 
fiualist since Ralph Nichofls in 


New style will be a 
drawback for Britain 

By Michael Coleman 

All the races in the Lowkand- 
ers championships being held 
'outside Oslo this week are in the 
new slutting style, and nooe of 
them in the classical or Nordic 
style, to the disappointment of 
the British. 

“We are probably the only 
team here capable of racing at 
both styles.” Patrick Winienon, 
one of (he team, said. “The 
others seem to have been 
concentrating solely on skating 
technique in training, whereas 
we are still doing both. If the 
races were mixed, as they must 
be now in World Cup events, 
then we'd be getting more 

So for, the British medal tally 
has been a bronze for the men's 
4 x 10 kilometre relay and a 
silver gained by the women in 
their relay. The racing continues 
today with the men's 30km in 
which the British hope to take 
revenge on the French who have 
swept up all the gold medals so 

The skating, or Siitonen 
stride, has taken cross country 

skiing by stonn since the sport’s 
governing' authorities gave it 
their blessing last autumn. 
Faster and more aggressive, it 
was what more and more racers 
were doing anyway, but it was 
into the snow for those sticking 
to (he classical gait. 

But for this season, as an 
experiment, all World Cup 
events must have half the races 
in classical and half in skating. 
To ensure that competitors do 
not cheat in the classical races 
fay switching to the skating 
stride when out of sight, mon- 
itors must be posted round the 
course to report and penalize 

“The organizers here explain 
that they have not the personnel 
to monitor classical races so it's 
all skating, which is very 
exhausting for everybody. 
Winterton, a . Royal 
Marine, from Gwynedd, 
Wales, said. “There is no chance 
to rest as there is with the 
Nordic style, for instance, when 
going downhill." 


French ride the storm 


Despite the damage to her 
mast reported yesterday, the 
53ft French yacht L'Esprit 
d'Equipe is maintaining her 
handicap lead over the 
Whitbread Round the World 
race flecL The leading maxi. 
UBS Switzerland, is within 
1.000 miles of Cape Horn. 

The French yacht held her 60- 
mi 1? advantage over Philips 
Innovator, the overall handicap 
leader, to suggest that Lionel 
Pean and his crew have patched 
up the crack that appeared in her 
mast section,. 

Less fortunate was Digby 

Taylor, oi New Zealand, whose 
Fair-design maxi NZ1 -Enter- 
prise, was dismasted last week. 
Now back in New Zealand, 
Taylor finally retired from the 
race yesterday. He admitted utai 
it was too late to get a spare mast 

fined to the yacht in time for it 
to reach Uruguay for the last 
stage of die race back to 
Portsmouth, starting from 
Puma del Esur on April 8. 

LEAUWO P O Sm OM&l, URSSwtey- 
tondh. 2, cote tfOr (BoD; 3. Own (UK): 4. 
Mantle Prtvteaar (USE S.Uon — " 
on h an di cap ; f, L 

% ansustarau 


Spare parts can 
be copied 

British Leyfaud Motor Cttpo- 
ratira Ltd and Another v 
Armstrong Patents Co Ltd and 

Before Lord Scarman, Lord 
Edmund-Davies, Lord Bridge of 
Harwich, Lord Templeman and 
Lord Griffiths 
[Speeches sold February 27] 

The indirect copying of a 
purely functional object which 
was not patentable because it 
did not embody a new inven- 
tion. nor was of a registrable 
design because h had no “eye 
appeal", was nevertheless ca- 
pable of bong a breach of the 
copyright in the mechanical 
drawing of the object if it was 
apparent to a non-expert that 
the object was a copy of the 

However, the manufacturer 
of an article sucb as a motor 
vehicle or other consumer dura- 
ble could not by the exercise of 
copyright preclude the user of 
the article from access to a free 
market for spares necessary to 
maintain it in good working 

The House of Lords so held, 

allowing an appeal by the defen- 
dants, Armstrong Patents Co 
Ltd and Armstrong Equipment 
Lid from a decision dated June 
21. 1984 of the Court of Appeal 
(Lord Justice Waller, Lord Jus- 
tice Oliver and . Lord Justice 
Fox) {.The Times July 2, 1984) 
upholding a judgment of Mr 
Justice Foster who on March 30, 
1982 found in favour of the 
plaintiffs, British Leyland Mo- 
tor Corporation Ltd and BL 
Cars Lid on the issues of tbe 
ownership, existence and 
infringement of copyrights relat- 
ing to exhaust systems in motor 
cars manufactured by BL and a 
consequential order dated July 
19, 1982 .of Mr Justice Foster 
that Armstrong be restrained 
from infringing the copyright in 
BL's- mechanical drawings of 
exhaust systems. 

Mr Alan Tyrrell QC, Mr 
AJ.D. Wilson and Mr Michael 
Hicks for Armstrong; Mr Roger 
Henderson, QC, Mr Hugh Lad- 
die and Mr Andrew Waugh for 

Lord Scarman, Lord Ed- 
mund-Davies and Lord Bridge 
of Harwich delivered speeches 
concurring with Lord 

that the appeal was the culmina- 
tion of a dispute over the right to 
reproduce component parts re- 
quired for tbe repair of a motor 

A car had an expectation of 
life of some 15 years subject to 
determination by careless driv- 
ing, and was a collection of 
hundreds of components all of 
which had to fit together. 

From the time the car was 
driven out of the factory gates 
until it was consigned to tbe 
scrapbeap. there was a risk that 
it would be immobilised by the 
failure ofa vital component part 
as a result of accident or wear 
and tear. 

BL manufactured tbe Marina 
car, the -component pans of 
which included two lengths of 
exhaust pipe; Exhaust pipes 
needed replacement at intervals 
which varied from six months to 
two years. 

Armstrong manufactured 
replace ment exhaust pipes for 
the Marina by copying the shape 
and dimensions of the origin aL 

BL claimed that the tentacles 
of copyright fold now reached 
out to prevent Armstrong from 
manuf a c turing exhaust pipes for 
tbe Marina unless Armstrong 
paid such royalty as BL thought 
fit to require. 

Armstrong declined to pay a 
royalty and BL obtained an 
injunction which effectively pre- 
vented Armstrong from manu- 
facturing replacement exhaust 
pipes for the Marina. 

If that injunction was rightly 
granted, it followed that any 
motorist who drove a BL car 
must buy his spare parts from 
BL at the prices fixed by BL or 
bear the burden of a royalty 
payable to BL for tbe privilege 
of buying his spare part from 
somebody else. Tbe purchaser 
of a BL car sold his soul to the 

BL directly reproduced their 
engineering drawing of an ex- 
haust pipe tn a material form by 
converting the rwodimenstonai 
drawing into a .three-dimcn- 
sfonal exhaust pipe in the course 
of manufacturing the Manna. 

Armstrong indirectly re- 
produced BL's engineering 
drawing by copying the original 
exhaust pipe. . . 

In defence Armstrong said 
first that copyright did not 
extend to the direct reproduc- 
tion of a functional article such 
as an exhaust pipe which was 
not protected by patent and was 
not a registered design. Second 
and alternatively, they said that 
BL could not rely on then- 
copyright to prevent the repair 
of a car supplied by BL and 
requiring the inevitable replace- 
ment of a component part. 

Armstrong pointed out that 
the Patents Act 1977 conferred a 
ri gh t on the inventor of a novel 
product by the grant of a patent 
which prevented anyone mak- 
ing the product without the 
licence of the inventor for a 
period of 20 years. 

The Registered Designs Act 
1949 conferred a right on the 
designer of a novel design by me 
grant of design copyright which 
prevented anyone making an 
article in respect of which the 
design was registered without 
the designer's licence for a 
period ofi5 years. 

Tbe 1956 Act conferred a 
right on the author of an original 
artistic work to prevent any 
reproduction of the work during 
his life and 50 years thereafter. 

There was no general pro- 
vision that all skill and labour 
should be protected, rewarded 
and encouraged by tbe gram of a 
total or partial monopoly 

The invention and design of 
an article might involve vast 
expense, thought and money, 
but if the product was not 
patentable, did not incorporate 
a registered design and was not 
an artistic work, then there was 
no restriction on the making or 

Armstrong aiguetf^lhat BL's 
exhaust pipes were not entitled 
to protection because they were 
not patentable, not registrable 
and not artistic works. 

BL contended first that it was 
not necessary for Armstrong to 
copy BL's exhaust pipe, that 
Armstrong could avert their 
gaze from BL's exhaust pipe and 
design their own. Even so. 
Armstrong coukl be accused of 
copying since Armstrong could 
not begin without a Manna. 

BL also denied that they were 
claiming a monopoly. They said 
anyone was free to copy BL's 
exhaust pipes because BL were 
prepared to license reproduction 
on payment of a royalty which 
was described as modest. 

The driver of a Marina would 
suffer no inconvenience because 
he would be able to obtain a 
replacement exhaust pipe as 
required either from BL or its 

But a monopoly remained a 
monopoly even if it be benevo- 
lently administered and an 
established monopoly would 
not necessarily be administered 
with benevolence; 

In practice BL were claiming a 
‘ and a similar monop- 

company store. 

The market for replacement 
parts for BL cars alone exceeded 
£800 million a year. 

In tbe course of designing tbe 
Marina and for the purpose of 
transmitting instructions for the 
production of the Marina, BL 
employed draughtsmen who 
made engineering drawings 
from instructions given to them 
by the design engineers and 
showing the shape and 
configuration of each part of the 

Those included recognisable 
drawings of each ofBL's exhaust 
pipes by plan, elevation and 
section and conveyed in figures 
and words tbe precise angles and 
dimensions and description nec- 
essary to enable the exhaust pipe 
to be manufactured and pro- 
duced in conformity with the 
shape of the underside of the 

Armstrong had never seen 
BL's engineering drawings and 
did not copy them directly but 
had taken a BL exhaust pipe and 
copied it so that tbe replacement 
would also fit the shape of the 
underside of the car. 

Armstrong’s exhaust pipe was 
a direct copy of BL's exhaust 
pipe and an indirect copy of 
BL’s engineering drawing. 

BL's claim to an injunction 
stemmed from section 3 of the 
Copyright Act 1956 which pro- 
vided that "artistic work" 
meant, inter alia, a drawing 
irrespective of artistic quality 
and that copyright subsisted in 
“every original artistic work". 

BL's engineering drawings 
were original in so for as the 
draughtsmen used their own 
skill and labour in carrying out 
the instructions of tbe design 
engineers and depicted the ex- 
haust pipes incorporated in tbe 
design of the Marina. 

Copyright in an original artis- 
tic work included the exclusive 
right of “reproducing the work 
in any material form" and was 
infringed by “any person who, 
not King the owner of the 
copyright, and without the li- 
cence of the owner" reproduced 
the work in any material form. 

"Reproduction" in the case of 
an artistic work was defined by 
section 48(1) of the 1956 Act as 
including “a version produced 
by converting the work into a 
three-dimensional form". 


ofy could be claimed by other 
manufacturers of any article 
which required replacement 
parts from time to time. 

The derision of the House of 
Lords in LB.fPiastics) v Swish 
Products Ltd ([1979] RPC 55 1 ) 
showed clearly that as the law 
stood the argument that copy- 
right did not apply to prevent 
the indirect copying of drawings 
of functional articles could not 
be sustained. 

The alternative submission 
by Armstrong was that BL by 
choosing to manufacture a car 
by reference to drawings and by 
marketing the car as a means of 
transport which could only be 
kept in running order by repairs 
which involved indirect 
reproduction of those drawings 
could not assert their copyright 
so as to prevent repairs being 
carried out. A vendor could not 
prevent the purchaser of the 
right to repair. 

.Thai submission had not been 
tbe subject of legislation, and 
was not contrary to settled 
practice but was supported by 
favourable indictions in analo- 
gous authorities. 

As between landlord and 
tenant and as b e tw ee n vendor 
and purchaser of land, the law 
had long recognised that a 
tor would not be allowed to 
itc from his grant by using 
property retained by him in 
such a way as to render property 
granted by him unfit or materi- 
ally unfit for the purpose for 
which the gram was made. 

There was no reason why that 

principle should not apply to the 
sale of a car so that the right to 
repair was based on tbe non- 
derogation from grant. 

Every owner of a car had a 
right to repair iL That right 
would be useless if suppliers of 
spare parts were not entitled to 
anticipate the need for repair. 

BL were not entitled to assert 
the copyright in their drawing in 
order to defeat the right of the 
purchaser to repair his car. 
There was no reason to confer 
on a manufacturer the right in 
effect to dictate the terms on 
which an article sold by him was 
to be kept in repair and working * 

The rights of an owner to keep 
a car in repair extended to a 
manufacturer who made parts 
solely for repair. Without such 
an extension the right to repair 
would be useless. 

that the appeal should be ate 
lowed but disagreeing with their 
Lordships' reasons, said that 
“reproducing" within the mean- 
ing of the 1956 Act should not 
be given the extended meaning . 
of indirect copying of raechani- V 
cal drawings of purely func- 
tional objects. 

The some of artistic copyrig ht 
should be limited to the natural 
meaning of the words, namelv 
direct copying, including using 
thedrawing to make tbe object it 

Therefore Armstrong had not 
infringed the copyright in the 
mechanical drawings by copying 
the exhaust pipe without seeing 
or receiving any assistance from 
the drawings. 

Solicitors: Allen & Ovcry. Mr 
R.P-A. Coles. Uxbridge. 


: ! V 

i 7 '. j 


-i 4 

e . .. . 

i • ' 


i; • 

i -• 

i? < 

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iih . 

r E 


- - h 

Motoring by Peter Waymark 



No one thought loo much of 

jA it as a car but year after year it 

‘ came top of the British best 
seller list and was eventually 
celebrated in a poem by John 
Betjeman. Thai was the Ford 
Cortina, now of blessed mem- 

Its role as Britain's most 
. popular model has been ap- 
propriated by another Ford, 
the Escort, a much better car 
than , the Cortina ever was, 
though not. as yet, enshrined 
in vase. Perhaps the Escort's 
i ‘ turn will come; it is, after all, 
only five and a bit years old. ’ 
And that, as every motor 
industry watcher knows, is 
just about the time for a 
facelift. Nothing too drastic, 
or it looks like an admission 
that the original model was 
wrong, but enough to freshen 

poetry in motion? 




HM. Si: 

Market leaden The revised Ford Escort 

.. — ..v-..™ <»r will Stop in a straight Escort can onlv take over 

Up the range and get the cars * l * ** muc h to spare where the - — ^ 

talked about again and give 35 on a dry road. Snow andTce off *ln 1985 

ihf* ffealm an pYPnra rnav not hsnrwn nil i ^ oulso u ihc Asira 

may not happen ail that often 
m inis country, but £31 5 could 
he a modest price to pay for 
peace of mind. 

by two to one and the Maestro 
by three to one. Perhaps 
someone will now write that 

Of more immediate interest n j rp . 

to prospective buyers of the KoaCI 1 eSt 

the dealers an excuse to bang 
the publicity drum. 

Ford has duly done what it 
thinks necessary and the marie 
two Escort - with its booted 
offspring, the Orion - goes on 
sale today. Some of the 
changes are decorative and 

will not sway the prospective “*««uuy improved bom per- 

buyer one bit But there is a fo finance and fuel The 323 is an appropriate car 
significant improvement in consumption. This mainly ap- to bracket with the Escort, not 
performance and fuel con- Phes to the modern overhead only competing in the same 
sumption, and an important camshaft unit made in part of the market but sharing 
initiative m safety. Bndgend. The L3 litre version some of the Escort's design 

To take the second one first 7 ^ "P® “P MI «* 14 litres technology. This is a conse- 
nt is ah axiom of the motor Jv 1)013 !t a . n d the L6 now , quence of Ford’s stake in Toyo 
industry that you cannot sell oe ‘ |Ver appreciably more pow- Kogyo. the Mazda company. 

Like the Escort, the 323 is 
The result is that the 1.4 has into its mark two version after 
performance similar to that of 
the "okT* L6. while the new 1.6 
matches the previous fuel- 

safety because motorists - or 
most of them - are not 
interested. They are willing to 
pay for sunroofis and fancy 
wheel trims but not for fea- 
tures that might improve their 
chances of preventing or sur- 
viving an accident 

So fer anti-lock braking 
systems have been almost 
. almost entirely confined to the 
bigger and more expensive 
models. Now Ford becomes 
the first manufacturer to offer 
the option of anti-lock brakes 
on a small family car and at a 
price - £3 1 5 - that is only abont 

a series of useful, if unspectac- 
ular, improvements. Like the 
— . — Escort, too, there is a wide 
injected I.6 l The gains in choice of models with four 

engine sizes, from 1.1 to 1.6 
litre; manual and automatic 
gearboxes: and saloon and 
hatchback bodyshells. 

The GLX automatic which 
is the subject of this lest comes 
near the top of the range and is 
a five-door car powered by a 
1.5 litre overhead camshaft 
engine mated with a three- 
speed automatic transmission. 
Standard equipment includes 
an electrically operated sun- 

Mazda claims that the 323 

economy are even more im- 
pressive. The original Escort 
was not outstanding in this 
area but the revised model can 
stand comparison with most 
cars in its class. 

To give a couple of exam- 
ples. The 1.4 accelerates from 0 
to 60 mph in just over If 
seconds and gives up to 57 
mpg in the official fuel figures. 

a quarter of what ABS has cost The new L6 has a 0 to 60 time 
^ore. of 9.7 seconds and fuel con- 

Ford has no idea what the sumption of up to 55 mpg. 

take-up will be, but given a The new 1*3 model is powered 

few more winters like this one by an uprated version of the has m <>re interior space than 
and sales could soar. The Ford pushrod engine, and any car in its dass. Subjective- 
point of ABS is to reduce the again fuel consumption con- Jy. at least, this seems unlikely, 
chances of a skid through the siderably better than on the is no trouble getting 

wheels locking and it is panic- previous 1.3. into the front seats, while 

ulariy relevant to driving on Th* fina 

^ ou .' ^ bu< afgu. 

The most attractive aspect 
of the car is that it is so 
pleasant and easy to drive. It 
handles responsiviely. with 
good roadholding and little 
wallow, and has light steering 
without the dead ness that was 
once such a feature of Japa- 
nese models. The changes of 
automatic gear are so smooth 
as to be barely noticeable. 

The transmission could, 
however, do with an extra gear 
or at least an overdrive. Over 
about 60 mph in top. an 
otherwise docile engine starts 
becoming noisy and one looks 
instinctively for the higher 
gear that does not exist A pity, 
because this reduces the at- 
traction of the car as a long 
distance tourer. The all- 
indpendent suspension pro- 
vides a reasonable 
compromise between han- 
dling and ride. The springing 
is on the firm side but only 
seriously caught out on rough 
surfaces. The seals are well 
shaped and the front ones 
have adjustable lumbar sup- 

Acceleration through the 
gears is acceptable, rather than 
sparkling, and those wanting 
more 323 performance should 
choose the fuel injected 1.6 
model. Fuel consumption is- 
unexceptionai by today’s lofty 
standardsand one has come to 
expea belter than 35 miles per 
gallon in gentle, open road | 
driving, even with an auto- j 
matic box. 

Among worthwhile minor 
features are illuminated door 1 1 
locks — handy in the dark — | L 
and locks for the petrol cap 
and boot which operate from 
inside the car. On the debit 
side, it is difficult to read the 
speedometer and mileometer 
in bright light. 

In sum. Mazda has come up 
with a competent all-rounder, 
free of serious vices and 
offering the usual Japanese 
promise of reliability. But it 
should not deni the sales of 
brisker, more economical cars 
of greater character such as the 
Escort and the VauxhaU Astra. 





Hf)XBW e i W D l w . HMqywaB» at 

BS|C)XJSV12.B3£x.’3oe A«nt 

- E2U0S 

astOXJSVR.TucKf.aa.BSR mmae 

8S|C)XJS30&hffoteLCcOe!V'bBCyr.Brf.KVvW.._ .... ET9.795 

>S(C|)U£UCMBM.S(se/aDe attanhor __ 

■5(QXJSl&R>nd>vr.Uaok.ESn.a> C1&M9 

astcj*«aa.Rno&^*ss.oec,H.w/ft _ «s,ias 

■S (O Sovwwign HE. ftagrat-oeeslpi. ESP. Nr — . «UB9 
*B W H o i m I r i Rg. amwaflaOoa ESft or — Sage doe. ESFLar ... . ETBAB5 

BSWTW«jaSH£8nov3S*.as.cniae Tnoomfe fS&MS 

SBfBJXJSKE. HhoOwntaae*. «r. NWS*. SCOOnta CIB.499 

Bantus he. negarKaae as.cnese.iu»omK . razees 

«S to SOMMO HE. CtM/amtor. to. cruse 8JW ms X1M85 

aa mn bw iasn s J -Cotaagae agatey*. rOPOOons Wms 

88 TO X-B M£- SagePoe arouse . _ ... ETflaBS 

MniaaMpUSegew ac jkxa. t? JXK > nta £*5,799 

nn U* awmHE.Caaec.-ttaa.H.w<w.o»je. g osama. £75*99 
MAXtSUCBbrioM-RagoVdoe OBC.H IVW 9«flfrtaLCt7.B9S 

84 n Jamjar 3X.Cwre«xj3o 'fleet £Sft auto. 16 ETUJBS 

MW> Wn »etel o w»a.S».ig3giaitiuB(iJan. jg tEOCPrtdt tmas 
84 (Aj Jaguar 42 SswranaWack. tax*. PSH. TT-ODOms ... ttMBS 
U(A)XJSHE. Oara/Ose an H.W/K 22J0D 0* £*4J»5 

7aja)jngu«r42.Brarii**5e ImmaCiflaie SUM 



mamas-AGENT iacimii^ 

Deal with the ONLY OFFICIAL 
R S Dealer m Tyne & Wear for all jour 
R Sneeds 

Speak to 

Blau gitffc 





SO O SL 85 (B) riaswc While will Grcv H*fcS.lKKL£3a.9SO 
500 SL. 83 (Y) Champagne ■nth Brazil Cloib9.000mtU.9S0 
230 E 85 (B) Midnight Blur with Cream TcxII_500m£!5.2SO 
280 SL 84 (A) Lapis Btec with Blue CtoihI7.W0mfl'l.»S0 
280 SE 82 (X) *suaJ Stiver with Bfur Claib42.OOOmll2.7SO 
280 TE 85 (B) Signal ird/ncam b«dr 13.000 m. £17.950 
230 E 84 (A) raidmgfai H no, 'brown ckHh 31.000 m. £9.950 
180 E 84 (B) irodmght blue cream \ckmr ISjOOQ mj£52.9SO 

A Brad s h3w & Webb 



Take the 

on your new car 

you take the profit, 
we do the work 



TELEPHOS'E(OS32) 611471 

S"‘: — /NmAiT, ' 

. • . .DEALER 






1 ibrnf. \lptDc whne 

AU nhm-. 

ji.S'r arrived 

VW < addv (pickap track) 
finnhal in Mari. Man 
Red jnJ while 



Fee '84. MelaiUr Mur i&.OOO 
miio* MO'* car Air cooduton 
mg Leather unhoHien' Many 
extra, rmnurulalr rontfiircm 
C8.7SO Tel. 0682 450060 rt X 
(ice liourv 

mun 4M Aula (979 ASjQCtt 
mile. I'mnUctJ m Mark „iin 
magnolia learner mienor 
PeeMMiattsed number Malr 
El 1.49&. Tel 0700 348055 T. 

FOOD UMA 1A L 1983 'V 
She Stereo radio nmnie Cx 
reUrnl ronoilion Mull be icen 
IO be Defieterf. £2.800 OOO. Tel' 
0SI4 542Q21 

to correct a skid on out own. 

With ABS there is a much 
greater likelihood that instead 
of slewing round and finishing 
up as a heap of battered metal. 

ably at the expense of han- 
dling. The latest solution is 
suffer front springs? 

The L3L five-door is £6, 1 50 
and the £1.4 five-door £6.360 
and it seems that the new 

steering wheel height adjust- 
ment (offered only on the 
GLX) means than most driv- 
ers should be able to make 
themselves comfortable. I was 
less convinced about space in 
the back. Headroom is just 
adequate, but a tall person will 
be pushed for iegroom unless 
the front seals are moved 

Vital Statistics 

Model: Mazda 323GLX Auto- 

Price: £6,499 

Engine L490cc. four cylinder 
Performance 0-60mph 15 sec- 
onds: maximum speed 90 

Official consumption: urban 
28.5 mpg: 56 mph 39.8 mpg: 
75 mph 30.7 mpg. 

Length: 13 feet 
Insurance Group 6. 

FUtJkJn 308 BT* 25.000 rtuW. 
£11.985 Emllral rantiaon 
Ring tot otiaM. 5fi« 992c, inayi 
460 3422 

FIESTA GKIA 1800. A rrcjn 
Mfd. rlumwgw 90 *4. 1 6.000 , 
mrtrv \rr> goM rarOiimn 
U.HSO Oita Windsor 865384 

>i bi as ■ 


(i£n P$ ijto 

a»SU li 

m, Urtt Uj-j-o 

] M3 l£n*ir- 
; u*.ia Cr :o t(. 
Cm 4ii 

■ ZM ana mi 

3 SC 

tub Crao> 

Jrf. ■» «* C£ 

CJ4W 9* 

hft-.m (ki 

t-w- ;> 
va^> m ixattsi 


198-1 Volute. 

L'nikr 6.000 mitei. HasK 
W»rik «iih grp> leaihrr loteri- 
or. SufXTb i.'cndiuon. 
Pnsonjl /vg number. 

S753 858126 otTicr brv 
A A rUrl Lid. 


LN ia uir vou rnonrv on 
vour car imtunvrf. 

RENAULT S Mn '84 M*mul 
Blur 15.000 mK. sun roof. 
I os, tsar. £4.950 orso cn-ln 

OPEL MANTA CTE (stark. tkHrb 
bark c icq. 3J00 im. 20OQcr 
£6 000 Ol 947 6191 

RANCH ROVER >902 manual. 4 
boor. 16 OOO mum. PSH pas 
£ 8.496. Trt. 107341 483591 

LOTUS ESPRIT S3. 18 days oM- 
160 SHUTS only unsoamrd ram 
arfilHMi prur. Calymo rra. fun 
magnolia Mdr Stir £2 000 
in £1 7.500 urrurm. Trt bun 
day 06267 78888 Weekdays 
0805 2A32t (T» 

rj, CjncKW. lit ana S CCl 

01-907 9955/9997/9553 
Hours Moo-Fri Vam -bpin 

LOTUS EXCEL S8B4 -A' txn | 
blur H Iralhrr Allays 
P WM-rina. £ w Hmo. l 
ov,nrr FSH 13.000 mum 
£12600 orso lOOirri 0703 1 
64(281 iHomrs 04215 6111. 
A suq Mrlauir Wsrr. ua rondi- 
Motsrd. nrau-d seal*, sun root 
rir Earrllmi mnuuon. 9.000 ! 
milm £7.000. Daylimr: 625 
2751 Ei rnrnoi. 0689 61321. 

EddKm X scg. 2 door. FSH. 1 
nrr loitr mBnaqr. mriallsr 
Mur. walnut ranunqi. air 
rona Allays. Exert rxamiKr 
£7.300 must snl Ol B 05 1640 

A IK supplied A Orel All 
makes. irtoOrtv asaslablr 
Call icsr Irtmdh' 

A prcrtrsMOnaJ atfsrry. 

To! SMC 252414 


RANGE ROVER 5 door V. __ . 
auhs. «l,rr enrr burqundy. Ill 
ird dsonal rad ravs. all Vspur 
rrfsnrtnrnK.alltsj's FSH. L mlg. 
£10.750 ail dram- lanluim TR 
Cars Ol Caine 0249 812357 

RENAULT 25 VS! aulo. 86 B. 
21X00 milm. air rond. Sepia 
asft. I owner C9-2&0 ono 
Eptcsin 'Sultry i 26(23 <230, 
> da y lim e i Wogidor iSurrrvi ' 
832077 'homes 

«Urr met 14.000 milm. one 
prnair owner. Suprrroser umu 
October. £7.500 ono Tel. 0606 
89(268 'Homes nr 0260 
274821 Em 209 sQfflrei 

-. VChiswick) 

New cm cm 2CV 
A CJIroen Visa 
rposl Model) 

O*.. V P o\pr 12 ml tvs 

or UCCUI Low Rales 
over 24 or 36 mills 

Offer Close* 15th March 
■Writien deiails on rMixsJ) 

Citroen No.1 Dealer 

01-749 6091 


Offer new Range Rover 
vogue. Manual or auto. 
Colour choice. 

Landroser from stock 

Tab Sari Thisimia M 
1 05851 2»25 


FERRARI 308 ETM QV B rnq 1 

m-ner. IO OOO mils-., lull 
Mararselio lilslon . siller, mint 
inromneui. C 2<s 9GO ot 32b 
8533 'Ti 


mond aptuui park - a nc-l oi 
ewras barajmn while ri l 750 
0932 8791 1 or 078544765 or 
0483275294 iTi 
SS STARRtON 2000 Turtv 
barney o white. burouiuii 
leather. 6000 miles. £11.750 
0932-5791 1 or 075344755 or 
0485 275294 iTk 
5 COLT 13 GLX aiHo. bey 
r tidies red. 11.000 miles. 
£6 396 0932 57911 n 0765 
44789 or 04B3 276294 .T« 


[Selling property franchises, equipment etc to small and large companies or businesses 





2 01 19B4IBI 
Wue mix ft Alarm- r tonun* 
undrtmi. many extra* fsh 
to496Mo Mmdennead 33462 

„ _ Coupe |98A 

«Bl 5 weed, met brown. B. OOO 
mdev mini. £6.950 030 678 
244 <Hi OV 683 9294 sOi. 

*“ A 9aarai 
^999^“ erlra» £1 7.950. 
•44 LUX C re*, irtmmmoi piu, 
esilra% 6.000 mlL met Mue. 
£16950 0625-620 780 «Va. 
0628830830 ever 

■ B «*. I98& model. Ins 
blue metal Ur. define ud roof. 
(7.000 miles, on new. only 
£29J7GO. Tol 08832 6347 

L Red. RW Arm. 
new born baby lorre* sale at 
xoropldeh- lebulll MC. I 
enff. £4350 061 4348883 
Siena 4x4 cancelled Order 
lew only Huge Saxingt. Or- 
signrr Car, Ol 381 20 91 


while. -84 B. 1 owner. £7495 
Motor SMm LtO Harlow <02794 
412J61 Open Sunday 
Super6 44.000 miles, mom 
4.000 rSH. A tdo 1 R Onr 
CA.tSO Tel; 01-627 8181 
VOLVO, Ex- management car*, all 
models, low raUeagev hugeuv 
Inga Tel 0452 25291 (WkdaySI 
MSB GT. T Rea- Etycrllenl ramn 
lion. £7995. Coventry 404029 

198» m 
29.000 miles. Black. FSH 
£8.995 Victoria Park Motors 
Cardiff 0222 307461. 


1080 Drop 
head. E reg. Cm 26000 nds. 
PrHUpe cowuiw o. Cm 
award Nauonal minor Rally, aa 
new ol £4.000 Eves 0746-5602 


W »W GPORT AUTO 1984 ,Bk 
Melodic «ogr preen, beige loom 
eruphoMery. 16000 ml lev. full 
wrvsre ntMory. Min* candttton ■ 
rtmuman'k far. £17.950 om> 
Tel: Esher <0372, 68622 may) 
01 373 2S34 teyesj. 

l9mZ 306 "E Direr tors, 

rar. 53.000 miles Ad < 

Mel Blur. FSH. Immaculate 
rendition £8896 ono. Tel: 061- 
Wudime or 04576 
2539 evetllnps 

lered April -84 Red. alack I 
inttrior e roof 29.00 0 mile* 
Good conddion. £8500 Tel: 

SOOSCL18BG New style IKsoe- 
pMed. Nauuni Hue. CTey 
E »mj. ESR. Allays 
Trtcphqnr 0624-32491 
0624-736848 evm rTl 

MO *L 1980 In red. beige tried 
m-. Special order Manual with 
power awnw 89.000 nrilro 
Immandaie £13.900. Capps 
0823 42661. 

■80 SE A rep- Mue. every rxJTa 
serviro history. £16750 
Cerrards Cros* 882669 


3231 1984 
*A’ REG 

Met blue, elec » roof, wtn 
dowv Cent locking, alloy 
klWB. nereo I owner* 
irora new run BMW m- 
ure htslorv 34500 nulcs 

0272 591055 

6X5 C5L AlHomaUC V Beg lAua 
82i 56.000 mile* Beauiuul pe- 
bre ore *■ car in ricdlml 
rendition. EMrtnr sunroof, 
wmdou-s and anel« wiin c om- 
putrr and «ereo £11.900 Tel 
Ol 928 4731 »Ol OT 0892 
870512 <H1 

Burn S2BISG 1984 White Mark 
inienor Blue Spot Toronto ra- 
dio. specters Directors car. 
ce-rier. rwellmyl romUUon 
C 1 0.600 Weekday tttVtbOe 
0896 833806 

(950. Dickey seat Recently re. 
furbished ny Pamher at a cost 
la esteem of £ 16000. Extrr- 
raley rare blue coach-cock, blue- 
leather Interior, copoours roo- 
dtuon Enqtdries In the PBiUher 
Car Q> LU. 09323 84066 T 
AMR 2002 Mx 1976 Oeruned 
mileage 19-900 OoruUlun 
vlrlttaBs a» new £4800 Tel 
079988-8522-3 of Reyston 
'07631 46399 <Tk 
1 1 -800 murk, grey grey l lady 
owner £2JL’K) secures. Tel 
Tornuav 0803 22071 
196® 7 Reg No UFK 436. oflcrs 
Tel 0584 370958.56 Office 
0384 236064. Home 
MGO OT 1967 Pcmjdful original 
model, wire wheels, o t>. 
£2500. Tef Colcrteorr 102061 

MOMHS (OOO J Resmered 
1972. Exreffrai condiHoo. Four 
mw Winm. View in Cambrldw 
cl OOO pno. Tel: 0772 718536. 

E 198*. CtaW. 
nrey leather. All Jaguar rHtot- 
rnmt j owner. FSH. 26.000 
miles. £13-950. 0860 338872 
imobllo Phone) m. 
AGUAR/DAMHXR 1981 86. 
Choice of 46 whole range. 
£6.996-0 9.000 ESI. 19 years. 
PX. Tel 01-554 9833 (T) 

XIS SLACK T Reg. 24609 genu 
me miles. Ad usual refmemenls. 
New radiator and tuel inter I (on. 
SL0CO OOP. Trt. 01-870 2419. 



rsst SC 1 981 manual luU spec 
me computer ABS. Biatinunkl 
my slirk radio rass. orapeuse 
erram yrtewr. 29.000 miK-Letcr 
cand £6.950 Ol 640 6741 

reg Blark with Mark leather m 
tenor, paid sport wneeSk air 
roud. elec trie windows and 
root power sleerinp 3 
alarm yrsniK rornouter on 
boar a. special Pioneer dneo 
miM l owner. immarulMe. 
low nuleagr £16.000 Dov Ol 
490 3784. Eves 01-289 3630 
reg Blark w ilh Mark Inaiher in- 
ienor. gold soort wheels, air 
cotta, rlrclrir windows en a 
roof iKmHWmnl SdUtemd 
alarm assiems. rompMH on 
board, •penal Pioneer srrrro 
sound. I owner. ponuruiaJe 

low Mileage £16 000 Das Ol 
493 3784. ties 01 209 3630 
3231 IMS while, blark ini. lud 
Tender kit. <flnv root, elec 
himokv green unis- hwiner 
wheel, stereo (3 000 times. 
CIO 500 onirr OS) 207 2136 
Home 051 -428 9124 
835 CM V rap- 29.000 nUles 
ABS a rond. s roolrir.Armr 
Mur with pearl im immorulAlP. 
FSM tl 3.995 Ol 642 6596 IHI 
or Ol 379 7177 .Vst 
BMW 633 CM Capa 1978 Auto 
&4. OOO nds Mr! Blue- Ta» Srpl. 
MOT cs.995 04536 78044 or 
4135 •Gtagcl 
1*82 (XI BMW 838 ouv> Hrnna 
red- tan (eolber. elerlrir ««i- 
rO«. TRT. £11 430 0934 

416736 «Hi 416454 <Ol iTu 
NEW nnrs AU models to order 
325* earls UMj'ny . WW*» 
counts. Ter 0227-763010 -T ' 


03 T *28 Shut Blark interior 
35000 nk viuyv POM- 
Sunrpoi Alarm Stereo Ewrt 
inw mneinou C8.750 Td 
o»i eSoSs. 

*48 JUNE 1883 Me, green sun 
roof, l ouner. \Mariunf 
serstreg. APOQg mh. (JZ.950 
Tel o: 24 2 5058 Ml 


500 SEL A reg 

29-500 rat lev onh-. Meumr 
dark blue, plus Mean leath- 
er Wlrrioc. fuR AMC 
bodywork. P7 lyres 
Heavy duly suspemtaa 
AO rttrav M4m condUtaty. 

Far Otari, sate 

422^00 ono 
No dealers 

Teh 402 3001/435 0548 

a Audi IOC Av-ante Tuc&o 
Diesel Autos 
Norma* Price 435050 
Our Prim - £12,999 On the If 
road ■ ■ 

$me suss and a im or 

*4 P C 

83i ai.TOO miles, metallic 
Mark with suilroaf. elertrtc 
window,. Btauaumu urrro- 
BMuidul ear maior service 
lira cornpleled. £10.780 Trie-.J 
phone 01-928 4731 lOI or .0892 
870512 lilt 


ed edlbon. While. June 1' 

IO OOO mis. Alarm. Nerve. 
tB OOO ono Tel 01-639 3323 
Wk. Ol 602 8230 Hm 

AUDI BO SPORT Sent- -83 A rag. 
Meiaw Mf\er. sunroM. alloy 
wheels. 20-800 ratle* very 

wm eondiiKm £4.760 one 
Oulinir. 623 2751 Evemnpv 
0689 61321 

CONVERTILBL5 V.W. aou> «cn. 
1985 5.000 mi*. Hark meL 
Mark hood. Urrra superb «• 
ample. £8.996 PX taken, 
warraiuv. nnance raemues 
w limy low ,06251 683912 

BOLT CTi CTI . On Why 
wmlTW? Authorised VW 0 abl- 
er havr over 20 GTF* saloon* A 
ronverllbfo available tax 
mimed art. some ol pre-luvroase 
Drier 0682 072182 Open Bun 


door. AIW» msr- many atner 
I-V Iras tub ymtaue car is Adi; 

able lor immed del. 0682 
87218? open Sup <Ti 

fifIROCCO OL I9W C3D.000 
mb I owner CnuiilMH(|m, 
v rou. ueroo Cherished emee 
■■fk 14.950 ono Tel OJ67B 


UM COUPE 2-2 Ami 1964 
25 cop miles. One owner Im- 
mandate SdlonhWir 

£5.950 OTB& 813081 

fSG GOLF CTI m Slock, exriung 
rninurs and cvir^v irorn 
1.7.796 '0261261 4441 ,TI. 
||EW GOLF cm PIU* IHe luB 

V W Altai range at owrouni 

piwcs ICC 013000596 


February 1986. mramr 
blue black. Becker Mndro 
radio cassette, special Sbrafc 
ers. eterl rlc roof, etaclrtr 
wind ows, eiectnr am 
PDM. outside lemperMure 
gauge. UK dealer supplied. 
1 -doo muca. as new. save 
over £1.000 




1980 autemsur. Power 
A«*g«t Steering, alleys, 
rear seal conversion. Low 



01-965 7714 

»* MCRCESRS August *83 
reg. Meuillr marnpagne. 
brown velour interior. 28.000 
mdes. - rwrnrnl cmsdiltan 
throughout, full service lusury. 
E-sdras Include. ABS. crvMe con- 
trol. eleclnr sunroef. Rsn 
■amp wash wipe. BiaupunM 
radio cassette . I ow 
£17.500 TM- 01403 8165 or 
Lvmuig 01-440 9138 

DO 280 *E April 1984. 
ThMUc »ws meiauir. avnamal- 
AOoya Cierlrlr . sunroof 
CnMse. From wash wipes. 
BMber stereo AH *-\traa 
18 OOO BUM only FSH Pm 
line eondUton £16 900 Tel 
Swansea 0792 884BIS 

MERCEDES 500 XQ. 05 -C 

£29.930 Amh recite vuiuifrom 
rude 6.000 mites. AHny* 
Raw ra» Hraied wots EW 
C ABS CTC Superb Al 
-plus car -wilh warranty. Avail 
Apr BevhlU 04243 8939 

rlovv arcessonev^vleriorr 4 In 
tenors For I he hrsi ui the world 
rower! Le Maraud Coact, Build 
lira Ca LHL PO Bdk 76 Wev 
hr DM* Sam Tel WnbridBr 

tMC 1988 B reels 

windows and aerial. White 
blue buerlor. excellenl coital 
lion £ia99S. Telephone: 
Brighton 088687 evenings iT) 

2SB SC Thbrie green, with Mght 
brown doth, eterine roof, radio 
raasMlF. fun hMOry Regd July 
80. £1 8.960. 0906 5721 9. Sun- 
day 0906 428791. Howcita of 
Wormier Ltd. 

1*T7 Mrrcsdm Ssoso vuprrb in 
and out An toriory extras in 
eluding air conditioning and 
cruMr. 68.000 mue*. £4.750. 
0299 403645 

188 SC IBS* A rag. met saver. 
ABS. air coo. ESR. unfa. Mur 
lealher. full 
rond. £28.600. ono 890 MW 
Office 0480 861673 anytgnr. 
SOB SBC Diamond blue. Mue 
vomer. 9J»o miw. Jan B& 
£32.980. 0900 67219. Sunday 
0905 . 428791 . HowtHN of 
Worcester Ud. 

1BBS m 

ESR. Sterao. AUays. Cruise 
Control. Champagne Colo. 
F6K. £16-760 Wtterla Par* 
Moroni Cardiff 0222387461 
230 CE 1983 Auto. PAS. tee Mel 
Blue Blue doth im. E roof. 
FSH. £8.995 Tel: 01 9086252 
office ai- 6 08-9074 home ill 

one owner. 2aooa mues! Se? 
sire HMOry. rmmarulaxr 
£6,750 Tri.' 038468 -588 III 
■MOCt 208 T Isfata 84 
Model 5 speed, one awn. 
16X00 ma. Red. hnmandate 
£9400 Tel: 0234-7S0253 ill 
(ERODES 190 E (984 A rag 
214)00 raOrs. One owner. Ead 
condMtaa. £10.000 ono. Mora 
aetads leL 049083 269 
IMS UD BOO SEC Met. Blue. 
4.00 0 rentes- Ail Extras £29.960 
TetepNooc 01-462 7L54 >1 
BOO SEL IBB* Immarulotr Con 
amort. 29.000 milev. £27.850 
ono Armaiage agiai i. 



wra shadow a 

1980. Rolte (tnyre Hmorv Ca 
fibtoean Mue. rream everflex 
roof, magnolia uph ols ter v. ptc- 
"V ladle, many extras, aoooo 
miles. £23300 723 9100. 

1083 A rag. Pewter «ry Mog- 
noHa upholstery, piped green. 
W W tyre*. £36.500 0992 
38725 rvs 01404 0133 dayiTi 

ness established lor 5 years and ottering a unique 
ONE STOP Convenience Store approach to statio- 
nery, office supplies S print services. Sales are in 
excess of £150,000 and the shop is acheiving sub- 
stantia! earnings. Apply to the proprietor. CITY PRINT 
LTD, 742. Forest Road. London El 7 3HR for further details. 

_ 1981 Stiver 

&een wflh Dark Qnnanom 
iron Superb throughout Only 
£23.000 Trt; 045760210 

WHITE SHADOW Immaruiatr, 
A. A inspection £7.900 i06O3i 
8984 92 View London ITi 
WtRTE SHADOW Immaculate 
A.A inspect ton Years MOT 
£7.900 01-876 4058 ITi 


PRIVATE BUYER wonts late 
Mulwnnr. Bentley 8. Reason 
atae price 0277 231235 



£499 + VAT 

let: delivery) 


A 232 TE Private sale 
Can oell top 

01-624 5838. 

Twin 360K drives 

prefer! I software vuMr. 

12 month* on sde wan onlv 

Cowart Keith Brigh rtrvjn. 
Lasky Elen rocylrt. 

The OM MaU House. 

5 The Broadway. 

OM Amentum. Bucks 
TH- <024031 28601 
Tries 83286 L7LG 

phony. dBase 0 ill Woraui 
fir . telephone toe free lt« 
>07341 47S57S. 

OHLV 4 WEEKS Oriare end at 
60“» FYA 1 phone Company to- 
day on 01-680 4771 la on a 
very good deal on 
IBM Com Babbles before March 
31*1 01-660 4771 



R/C Model Acroplue KH 
MamrfKttripg Bo 

ank wtnonlial ordrr bool S. fnnd 

Vilcv Ocrmrrt IM L »md Eveom 
rifWr inckkfcv Ml product ua 
cgtaPUKtH and nactanm. tarpj 

«o«l« 13* rrutcrah and forljy- 

mg Punu t ac nu inf rnkn for is 
PUfOterdrygm conMkrabk' wkv- 
nea al athiriiwrif - Promotional 
and display model* and male 
note- Marketing Conlarts oml 
lead*, design /pre-prod union 
support available an consul 
loncy tens. Reply la BOV 

BC MC A F Southern Spain. Bar 
Pmauram. far vale or lewe. vll 
uolrd in old esiaWMied 
p evident tai neveiopmcni or over 
IOO villas. Beautiful site rriaarr- 
u*g Ihe original form house 
building and oversaaking pool 
and irulure gardens. Welle 
Aparfado 220 CJmiOu. Aune- 
na. Southern Spain 


Pradtabir and srofnvtorvol 
Manrhevler area. Price 
£1 14.0CO Tri 061 928 1906 

PUBLICm 1 * 


Regent M. seal* 70 25 sear 
leave. reasonable rent. 
£.130 000 for autek sole Ol 
493 1030 or Ol 821 9164 
London area Stocks or Holding 
do lor vale. Crow rent potential 
pa. approx £26000. Royal 
Hay Cuali-v Ltd 01-449 8665 


And Marketing Consultan- 
cy I* spare capacity to 
handle your advertising, 
design and print. Also pub- 
lic relations service 

Sraiih Etcetera 
051 420 2825. 



for first quality soft 
furnishings, com- 
pteie installation 
home and abroad. 
Reply to BOX C04. 


Persons or company interested in sharing a fine period 
building with office use located in Bedford Gardens, 
Kensington Church SL Can otter 3 to 4 rooms approxi- 
mately 12' x 12' each. Fully serviced. £100 p.w. -per 
room approx. 

01-221 5244 

from £99.50 tnciuuv* 

Same Day Company Service* Ud 
Bridge si 181 Oueen Victoria SI. London. CCa 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

A ho Company Searche* 

No subscription. London's lowest rates. 

01-242 2320 


13*000 bath and 
sink waste and 
400,000 waste 
plugs; 18,000 li- 
tres paint. ALSO 
Intercom Tele- 
phone Systems. 
061 792 7204 

hate unlimited potential, an ex. 
rlusnr area, regular repeal 
orders, high profit margim. a 
oovjUir rash flow, mmunal 
overheads, no dork require- 
ments. Be easily run (Tom home 
and capable « producing pro) i Is 
of £100 pec day. Vou ran have 
an lius an one ol our Ace* Dn 
tributary For written details 
send 4 4x4- SAE (O The Mar- 
keting Direr lor. Scorpion 
House. High Street. Turves-. 
Bedford MKA3 BDB 





1985 A Reg. Pula grey, 
magnolia interior, green 
taping, w/w tyrew 16.000 


01-804 0133 (day) 
0992 38725 (eves) 


CoiUrranre A exhibition < 
ire. North VWMWr For I 
lurlhec miormalvon eu thcwl 
line locllilies. In 0423 68051 



Ex mall w oer slocks of 
rerumeO goods Including 
clothing. furniture, 
hard-ware, household, 
toys efc. Offered at huge 

Tel: 0244 549444. 

ONLY £ 1299! 

Boner, marre wtids are t> 
ce>tes (exon an, onM’r 
teWiPK- Full. Bcjkitjte lor rom art 1,4 use Fast acSu 
rate 4 oas, w use Comes win 
acouslt coupler ana corryesse 

Pmohic trie, cemputef coaoi 
pnuw ••Sec. ana ycieilau) 

ON 0734 
733521 271. Nhw MB* (Ms, 
Wdklmfhmm. C ar kd iba. 


Send fuU details lo 
BOX C47. The Times. 
P O Box 484. Virginia 
Si. London El. or Tel. 
01-679 4562. 



and counter surveillance 
equipment for both Ihe 
amateur & professional. 
Ring or write for price Usi. 

7X6 L88 BririB* M 
Koodoo Eta GAW 
OX 5&S 4226 

Cam How proMpimr Liquid 
Ity oVmiT Bank prrvvurav 
Credtiors biting al lour an- 
kles? Personal Guarantees? 
WE CAN HELP Fees boned 
on rrvuib onlv No rnarge 
tor ronsuiialtanK 
73. Sounwmpion Row 
London WC1B ACT 
Tri Ol 680 1272 
THE Corporate f manre 


No Premium 

Prasug* fum. carpeted 
showroom offices all inclu- 
sive with phone * T X 
Ipinied avail. Short long 
term. Parking faculties. 
From £7S pw 
01-839 4808 



Reghaerad 1978 Pale Mia 
and sltver. bMe grey IraUi- 
*T. Sheep sum rno> in 
brauUfui rondutaa. rhauf- 
lew driven and 
maintained. 69.000 nules 

£ 16.000 ono 
(0225) S33939 

M SHADOW d la 900 miles 
only Doruroemediervirentvto 
1980 Hultneg wfUl betge 
IrOlhrr Interior MakMlirenl 
C25-MO Ple ase contort 0737 
832447 weekends 4 evenings. 
Ol «AB 8670 Oavllmr 



II iou ton tel mr ter Uk- pred- 
ial I irar hawd pockopn Ncdnip 
in nduari and unanii 

'bk ktsk nafmvm. hevrei 
and bupr pturmsd 
Innwird ’ »mr Is. 

MB* IbnftaA. Titan (Inririlna 
IJA (hr Frame. UrkMs I HA. 



UK.* largest maO 
company offer customer 
returns, pool and snooker 
■antes, large or small ouan- 
Uies available al huge 
] discounis. Returned poods 
sell. Surplus and related do 
not sell. Also thousands of 
cues of various qualities at 
254g ofT retail. 

Phone 0244 549444 

ANDY* outer, ws wia. 1 wi 
Ml II CIO OOO l nr rales 
parking Ol 749 7779 


I Period nod reproduction-. Pedes- 1 
ul desks. Psnncrs desks-! 
Wnling bWcv Davenports and] 
Desk chairs 
Uritr tar teA or 
hruNfiRri Uriraar 
JN UrsL»“ Dpi UN 
3 Honk MM. I rata- N«V1 
i raptor pi-ra m 


mown ton hide mime*, mans 
esVA. I owner. 12.000 miles. 
039.550 01-997 960*. 


Industrial units Tram -1.000 lo 40.000 sq. ft. bmli to 
cusiomm SpeciFicailons cioso l a Channel Tunnel 

Enquire now at LMD Derelpment Group. 
Telephone 0303 41134. 


* ronrfru orutbuoo t fittag oai 

craotev (unahmf 

Offlcr qBOi EDOi lytsrp . VMotalMfei 
boa K aaU np pra erald miner 
»« s—ratwe » -Sh aere KSrcpej 
pfa pp tar UU mm Sr fcal motay 
bwu » .awMittphbd 
IT CORABD ». LKDnp »l¥ 1HN 

PlfBLICm & 



Hotaaoui odTinnw 








11-12-13 MARCH 1986 

The Kpflttlljwm Batntaw 

■aHagam DghSuect. bnan VB 

PhoprUHSoi 07® 0209 



• ROAD) VV2 

No Premium. 34 hr ac 
cess Prestige turn, 
carpeted offices wlih 
phone plus llx from £70 
pw all incl Short long 
term. Parking facilities 

01-839 4808 

■ nw* mies for ^>|r 
V.1.3GO Tri 61 278 p|R 



AaU m vow om tratoumd 
dwrni ttusswss trill Procten. 
tne mdng svstetn lor CarpeL 
Unfwfeterv and Flow deamg 
Ware n a lasi-^DMip and 
tanm* busneu where endless 
demand timrasas Hie nsk tans 
And hard work really does mean 
RICH rewards 

YouH be ntven the best Iraerng 
n Die ndusiry. the finest 
Chen gr a te and ihe most advanced 
eoupment PLUS contari 
pnHetaonal hark -rat 

advHl<sna pronwwm material 
and on wing uammq 
To aw wir^etl ctl ywxMni 
ouiuf a tow Am. once named, 
vw u he wry much yaw own 
toss 7he door «s open lot wu n 
nem nursed 

For no detolK phase 8f- 
M1 5214 or wide b Mann 
Brewer. Praefcaw Professional 
Chasms AwnriHhn 122 Acre 
final fi Dgsh s up a s TTiaDes. 
Snrey X7ZSW. 


The Cauef Constable of Slat 
lariHfure. Mr. Charlra KELL V r. 
ptaaveg lo announce ltv following 
prOrnaUnn and wamter. 

Drier live Sergranl Chnslipr 
H0BSTER promolrtl to Ihe rank 
| or I rowci or and lranwrrrea Rom 
1 LartiflriO n> Burioo as a uni 
lormm Inspector 
She was bora Ol Lramingtan 
Soa and mum the blaffarasnire 
Police m Morrn 1969 She Itav 
served al Aktridae Tamwonn. 
Hradqiurlen C I.D and Burton 
Sne ■> a-surgle lads and resales 
al Tamwonn 

Before her recenl promotion In 
! spertoi MOBSTER was Ihe Crime 
PrevrMieis Olfwer lor Lwhfiria 
Div wun sue kw the only worn 
an dllirer lo hold such a position 
ui Ihe Countv 

Sne is me lirst woman lo be pro 
rooted lo Insperior in 
Slalioroshire since 1976 and Ivn 
represented Ihe Force in hart el 
nri ball and aihlrilrv She r. in 
dred interested in all farms of 
snort and desmoev herveH as an 
ardent West Btemwvm Albion 


Insperior HOBSTEP servrs on 
hit Tamworth Communilv Set 
v ire Cminrrl and is a mrtnbrr ot 
the Tamwoflh SorotHonusi ptiel 
nalional Club 

Name M company. 



Address of 

Regwlered Other 



Court HIGH 

Number of Morin-. 

004021 Of 1986 
Ltauidaior-s Name. 

Sinclair f C a. 

Liquidator's Address- 
•104-406 FINCHLEY BD 
Dole of Appamniteni 
13 DECEMBER 1985 
TO Fiedernk Rtrhard Tbirie ol 
Chateau La CoJline 
Queens Rood 
torses. Channel (stand 
(.ruled Kingdom 
Proreedinas have been to m 
meiKed auiirt you for an Order 
in- sperllir nerlor manre oi a 
Mdrtgaar Conlrart dated Bin Mat 
1978 It vou wish id oeff-iKt inis 
action rnniarl Ihe pegivrrdr ol 
the National Court. PO Bov 
7018 Boroko. Papua New Gum 
na. Teles NATCT NL2337I 
within srxlv 'bOi dais of Itnv 

In the huuer of Capri Dairi Ire 
Cream Co Limiled and in Ihe nui 
ler of the Comtiaruos Art 1985. 
NOTICE IS hereby grven nval on 
order of Ihe HMh Court of Jinnee 
dated 18 July 1985. Mr NitIkiUv 
R oger Bromlield God dm. Char 
leraa Arrountonl ot Cork Culls. 
Oriel House. 58 Sheep Street. 
Northampton, hoi been appointed 
Uainoator ol Ihe above named 

ro moans 

Paled inis TOih day of Februars 
19 85 

A> me Company's Annual Serv ri> 
ol laouinwark Camrdral Iasi eve 
niiMr. me Honorary coapuus Uie 
Vers- Reverend The Dean of SI 

Albans oase Ihe address and 
btewad Ihe loot* of Ihe rrafl 
Afterword* the Mavier. Sir Wii 
bam Carter ossnled bv Ihe 
Wardens Jark Slone and Mr 
TJC Croeker received Livers 
men and Ihetr gunLv al Olaru-is 




OreupatiMi Ln L nDu-n. 
Formerly or London of L Oiled 

JAN PAL L BIGCS has tiled an 
ApplKalton aoainvl vou lor Hie 
lollOtaina order 
A ropy ca me Anphraion wup a 
Nonce roniaming inlornsMton l« 
vou nui be (attained from my of 
II yeu aa not IHe a Noliee ol 
Drtmre lo ihe APMlralion on or 
tMlorc lmrti aav-s alkt MtUna 
Uon of ihi» Nolire Ihrtt Ihe rose 
■nos prorrtal urlhoul your being 

Deputy M 8 HYDE 
Rrgrorar ol Damn Court. 
Hastings. Ms. Zealand 
Deled 41h Fthruary 19WS 

Any person knowing - me 
whereabouts ol use above named 
asked lo taring Me Notare to her 
alien! tan 



ihe erediiori ol the atavr named 
company, w Hah e. he mg wound 
up v olunlanlv are retiuired ou or 
berore Ihe 31 si gay of March 
1985 lo wild tarn names, ad 
drr-eys and parllrulan ol tanr 
eiainw to underugnM N j 
Hamilton smith of Latham 
Crartn- A Davw Stanhope 
Hum** 1 10 Drura- Lane London 
JfCW 5«T. ihe Lu i uiajipr of me 
Cnmpani or m geiouo therm 
I Her win be evrluded Non. Ihe 
tammi oi am distribution made 
before sum debh «re prmrd 
bled On* 19Ul 0a>' ot rehriwiry 


N 1 HARUdon kmuti 

I hl.llMulea 


A time for flowers. 

More than wwdscan say 

wtrrHX. Marriages. 

SfjVniS jW* IN MEMqL 
RIAIVI £4 a tiar + 15% VXT. 
(mimimim 3 lines) 

Announcements. auihcWi-- 

by i be name and 
permanent address of the 
tender, may be sent ue 
FO BOX 484 
Viren Strew 
Undo* El 

ta ictcphanrd (by Klcghooe 
Mtecnbws only) la Il48l 

Announcements caa be re- 
s'™.* by telephone between 
•■roam and 5.30pm. Monday ; 
to Friday, on Saturday be- I 
tween n.«tam and IZimn. ! 
(481 400Q OfllyL For puhli. 
catton the Ml owing day 
Pf«™ by 1.30pm. 
on Court and Social Fate. Si . 
a line + 15% VAT. 

Court and Social Page an- 
booikcitiltus can not be 
accepted hv ickpbonc. Eo- 
qunx-s to: 01-481 4100. 

Most other cteuficd adver- 
tise mrms can be accepted by 
trfephoiic. The deadline a 
S.tllpm 2 days prior to publi- 
cation ti e 5.00pm Monday 
for Wednesday). Should you 
nab to. send an advertne- 
mcni in writing please 
include your daytime phone 

tave any queries or proMcm* 
idating to your adtcruse- 
ment once n has appeared 
please contact our Customer 
Semen Department by tele- 
phone on 01-481 J006. 

strmpUi: m 

Psalm too. 4 


ANSCOHmc on February 0th. 
at Mount Alvemla. 
Guildford., to Alison -and 
Hush, a sen Edward Allan, a 
brother for Miriam .and 

AUSTIN on 26th February to 
Rachael tnee Hickman) and 
Peter, in Wantage, a daugh- 
ter Claire. 

MBBX see McCauran. 

COPUEY-SMTH on Thursday 
27th February to Shari tnee 
Bingham) and Richard, a 
son. Troian James Sunder - 
land at Queen Chartotlea 
Hospital. London. 

DEVAS on 27 January 1986 In j 
Aberdeen, to Annabel wife of 
Franca Oevas a son. Ttmo- 
Ihv Michael, brother tor 

WIXBUmr On 22nd February 
al Odsiock Hospital. Salis- 
bury. to Jane (rw Paiersoni I 
and Richard a son. outer 
' James Armstrong, a brother 
for Nicholas. 

February 22nd lo Penny and 
Peter a daughter Catherine. 
Louise ik'atie). 

20Ch at Kings College lo 
James and JU1. a son Charles 
James, a brother for Harriet. 
LOXTON On February 25th to 
Philippa into Mall ns) and 
. Steven a son, Samuel David. 
MCCAURAN on February 
26Ui al SI Peters Hospital. 
CDerlsey. Surrey, lo Barbara 
inre BoreelL wire of Patrick 
McCauran - a daughter. 
Lucy Sarah, a sister for Fenc- 
in'. Thomas. Peter and 
' Laura. 

■ NYTTON-MLLS to Catherine 
tnee Mormon) and Henry a 
daughter. Alexandra Rose on 
23ru February - at .Queen 
Mary's Roehanurton. 

PETZAL 'an 6th February 
1986 to Damelia and Peter, a 
son Oliver Harry 
KID on February 26Ui to Nicky 
mee Chcrjmam and Paul, a son 
Alexander George very many 
U*anks to Mr Bernard Ou and 
■be start at Weidum Park 
Ho spital. 

RICHARDSON on Febnary I 
241b to Sophie <nee Cripps) 
and Hugo, a son Frederic 
Giles de dtbon. 
ROPER-CtnaON - on February 
ath. lo Lucinda and David, a 
son. Alexis 

Am i ri on February 22mf to 
Judi and Colin, a son Neil. 
THORNE on February 25 Ht to 
Leigh (nee PhUllmore) and 
Matthew, a son. Andrew, a 
brother for Aetene and 

February 1986 Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital London 
14-41 tips born Cal us Wil- 
liam Pawson. a son lor 
Hester and John, a brother 
lo r Ph oebe. 

VINCENT On January 6Ui at 
West Middlesex Hospital to 
Gina (nee Harrison) and 
Kevin, a daughter. Jade Lou- 
ise Rose Lynn. 

WARD on Thursday. 27lh Feb- 
ruary. to Sarah and 
Maxwell, a son. 

WEBB- WILSON on 21st Frbru- 
arv lo GUly hut Murray i and 
lain, a son. Tnomes Beniamin. 


Peter are pleased to an- 
nounce the adoption In Honq 
Kong of Uvnr gorgeous 
daughter Georgina Yee-Ung 
who has been pari of their 
(amity since August 1985. 


S M JAMES The marriage 
took place on Saturday 22nd 
February al SI. Margaret's 
Church. Chipstead. Surrey, 
of Mr Matthew Peppilt. old- 
est son of Mr John PeppHI. 
QC. and Mrs PeppHI of 
Cheqworlh Manor Farm. 
Hametsham. KenL and Mbs 
Suzanne James, younger 
daughter of Mr A Mrs Leslie 
James of Carlton Lodge. 
Couisdon. Surrey The bride 
was attended by Miss Sabine 
Enqrthardl and Miss Julia 
Engefhardl The bestman 
was Mr William Peppitt. The 
reception was held at Call loti 

The Marriage of Miss Heather 
Pillev and Mr Charles 
Hollander took place In Cam- 
bridge on Saturday February 


Hjpov mrihdov and ronoratuLi- 
Ikxis Id", of Hue from all Ihr 
ranxlv VXYVXW 
CRAGGER& in days Pottle 21 

bun mournful (Milan Idulr lo 
Giimpnl Loir Mama. Dad. 
Feb. Ag. OH- Jean « al 
lions and best wishes on your 
21sl birthday. Lots and IMS 
of love. Steve. 



BURKE On February 2**h 
1936 Aubrey Burke married 
Rosalind Norman. They had 
five children tone deceased) 
and twelve grandchildren, 
home B Hml Sireet Barm. 
Bovindon. Hertfordshire 


A5HER-RELF • Rev- Charles 
William, suddenly on 22nd 
February t98o: Hector at Bix 
between 1965 ■ 1976. Pri- 
vate cremation took place at 
Oxford, on 27U> February 
1986. at 10am. NO HQ 1 *'* 1 * 
please. Donations, if desired, 
to Cancer Reseacn. Any en- 
quires » J-w. 

Funeral Direeior. 55 Wood 
SlreeL Wallingford. Oxon 
(0491) 36145- 

BENTT1ALL . on Feb 26 sud- 
denly Mary (May) wife of the 
laic Robert Benthall and 
much loved Aunt and Great- 
aunt. She win be greatly 
messed by her wMe circle of 
friends. Service at 2 . 30 pm 
on Thursday. 6th March at 
St CMumba's Church. Ton! 
Street. London SWi, No 
flowers .please, but donations 
may be sent to St Cotumtu's 
Church (or K avion College. 
BEWLAY Hubert peacefully at 
home on t6th February 
1986 aged 75 years, beloved 
husband of Betty. Family fu- 
neral senice to be held at 
Homngton Church. Near 
ShlDsum-on Stour on 5th 
March 1986 al 1 l.SOara. 
Family (towers only. Dona- 
tions if desired lo Brit ah 
Heart Foundation, c-o Mrs 
Susan Walker. 138 Loxloy 
RtL Stratford upon Avon. A 
memorial service Is to be 
held, details win be given 

CARVER T. D . ML Recer- 
md Basil Carver, on 26Ui 
february 1986 at Uckflrtd. 
1911-1986. Army Chaplain. 
Dunkirk. North Africa and It- 
aly tn the Second World 
War. Rector, of Holly Trinity 
Church. Sloanc St. Chelsea 
1945-1980. Beloved hus- 
band of Katharine and much 
loved brother of Arthur. Fu- 
neral service at St Margaret's 
Church Buxicd nr Uckneld. 
on Thursday 6th march 
1986 at 11.30am followed 
by pm ale CTcmjUon. Flow- 
ers and enquiries to: J h 
K enyon Lid. 83 Wesl bourne j 
' Grove. London W2 Tel 01 , 
229 9861 or Carter and Son 
0273 33467- 

CATTY Eileen Dorothy on 
February Q6Uv peacefully In 
hospital widow of Tom. 
Funeral Service Si Mildred's 
Church Tententen on Mon- 
day. March 3rd at 11.30am 
followed by cremation. Fam- 
ily flowers only, enquiries to 
T.W. Fuggle & Son 05806 
3340. , 

COX February 20th peacefully 1 
at home Stanley Francis , 
Harper of Mayfair. 
Northbrldge and Mudgee 
Australia, beloved husband 
of Blbby. tenderly missed by 
all the ramify, cremation 
28lh 10am. Mori lake. ' 

COX Martin of Moseley Bir- 
mingham aged 75 post 
suddenly an February 25Ul 
1986. husband of Mary 
much loved father and 

DAVID - William Miles brave 
husband of Phoebe, father of 
Belinda. Jonathan and Mark, 
on February 26ih at home. 
Memorial Service Tuesday 
March 4ih l lam al 
Womerslev Parish Church, 
near Doncaster Yorkshire. 
FELLOW ES - on 26Ui Febru- 
ary al Queen Elizabeth 
Hospital. Kings Lynn. Jane 
beloved wife of Billy and 
devoted mother and grand- 
mother. Funeral pmale. 
Memorial service later. No 
- toilers or flowers, please, bul 
donations If wished lo West 
Norfolk Health Authority. 
C.T. Scanner Appeal. Queen 
Elizabeth Hospital. Kings 

HAMPER The Rev. Richard 
John M AJ.P. General Sec- 
retary, Free Church Federal 
Council, on 26Ut February 
1986. Family funeral service 
on Monday 3rd March. Fam- 
ily (towers only. Donations 
lo Inner London juvenile 
Court. Poor Box Fluid. Me- 
morial service details 10 be 
announced taler. 
HARDCASTLE. On the 21 si 
February 1986. peacefully at 
the OW Vicarage. Moubford. 
Karen Margaret HardcasUe. 
youngest daughter of the lale 
Waller Shepherd and widow 
, - of U. Col.' Roger N. 
Hardcasdc ~DSO; T late -Mite ' 
Manchester Regiment (am- 

• lly. Funeral service io take 

• place today. Friday 28th 
February m Oxford Crema- 
torium Chapel at 11.30 a.m. 
Family flowers only please. 
Donations If desired for the 
Friends of the Elderly can be 
sent to 42. Ebury Sireei. Lon- 
don SWl WOL2- Enquiries 
lo Cyril H. Lovegrove. 
114. 116 Oxford Road. 

HICKMAN on 22nd February. 
1986. peacefully in hospital 
In Guernsey after a short Ill- 
ness. Marion iMorag). If any 
further information required 
please telephone Guernsey 
(04811 63203. 

LYNCH - the Reverend Alfred 
on February 25th. peacefully 
al his home. 7A College 
Green. Gloucester. In his 
88th year. Funeral service 
Wednesday March stb al 2 
pm. in the Calhederal fot 
lowed by cremation. Family 
(towers only please. Dona- 
i aons In lieu lo Age Concern. 
25 College Green. 

MORGAN Sir CUfford Na union 
FRCS on February 24th 
1986 peacefully betov-cd hus- 
band of Ena and father of 
Michael. Sally and Thomas, 
and dearly loved grandfa- 
ther Funeral al SI Michael's 
Ink pen on Monday 3rd 
March at 1.30pm. Memorial 
Service lo be announced Hl- 
er. Family flowers only, 
donations if desired to SI 
Mark's hospital research 
foundation. City Road. ECl. 
PATTEN-THOMA5 - On 24th 
. of February. Einet Bcthia. 
peacefully al Henley on 
Thames, aged 79. widow of 
Commander Philip Patten - 
Thomas and mother of 
Vanda. Funeral service al 
Fair Mile cemetery chapel. 
Henley on Thames, on Mon- 
day. 3rd ol March al 2.00 
pm. Flowers to. TomaUn and 
I Son. Henley on Thames. 
0491 573370. 

PAWSON. On February 25th 
peacefully al Gwnpletutye 
Lamer! On. Albert - CUV 
Pawson C.M G. Aged 97 
years. Befovcd husband of 
the lale Helen Pawson. much 
loved father of Philip and 
Tony- Cremation at Weston 
Mill. Plymouth. 2 pm Tues- 
day March 4th. No flowers. 
Donations If so desired to 
D G.A.R.. Vicarage Cate. 
W8. Memorial service al a 
later dale In PenshureL KenL 
PEERLESS Elsie Muriel cnee 
Wilkinson) wile of Percy 
George and mother of Jenni- 
fer i Box halli Trevor and 
One peacefully in hospital 
on 26Ut February in her 80th 
vear after a long Illness cou- 
rageously born. Funeral and 
sen ice al Bandan HUI 
Cemetery. Plough Lane 
Mallinglon on Tuesday 4Ui 
March at lO.SOam. Family 
flowers only, but donations if 
desired to the Alzheimer's 
Disease Society. Bank Build- 
ings. Fulham Broadway. 
SW6 iep. No toners ptoase- 
Funeral arrangements by 
Truetove A Sons. 109 Staf- 
ford Road. Wallingun. Tel 

01 647 J032 

PLANT Dr. Ma Doric Plant on 
25Ui February 1986 peace 
fully in hospital aged 82 
Funeral Sen kre al Si Maryie- 
bone Crematorium East End 
Road. Finchley N2 on 
Wednesday March 5Ih al 

2 30pm Flowers to Cooksey 
A Son 1 90 Forth Green 
Road. N10. 

PHASER. Suddenly on Febru- 
ary 22nd in Vienna. 
Professor Dr. Theodore iTcd- 
dyi Pragcr. BSc . Ph D 
| iLondom. overseas Fellow of 
Churchill College. Cam- 
bridge. aged 68. husband of 
Mary and Talher of Micky. 
Mamn and Tessa. Enquiries 
to 01 449 8640. 

ROBINSON Richard LanreW 
25 Feb aged 73. cremation 
comets Tey Sth March 1986 
12.45pm No flowers, dona- 
tions to Cancer Research. 

SCOTT Kathleen May an Feb- 
ruary 24th 1986 past 
poorefully away In King Ed- 
w.ud VII Hospital Old 
Windsor, formerly d* the 
Tawdries Old Windsor. Fu 
neral al F lough Crematorium 
an Wednesday March 5!h at 
IO,im Flowers to E. 
Sanpant A Son. 61 St Leon- 
ards Hoad. Windsor. 

ary 24 in suddenly at home 
after a long tones* bravely 
born. Lit. Col. iReld). Peter 
Ralhbonc RusseM-Jone* RE. 
aged 64 dearly loved hus- 
band of Peggy, beloved 
father of John. Susie and Da- 
vid and grandfather of 
James. Polly. Henrietta and 
Ctomentine. Funeral service 
at Rochester Cathedral on 
Friday 28th February at 
li.ifiam. Family ftoWere 
only. Donations If desired to 
Cancer Relief. 32 Dorset 
Square London SWl. 

WEBB. On February 12th 
1986 peacefully after a brief 1 
Bttnesfi. Dorothy Mary Webb. 
L.R.A.M.. aged 88. of Tring. 
Herts. Much loved and ad- 
mired by tier family and 
friends. She beauoallwd her 
body for medical purposes. 

I Memorial concert to be held 
taler. Enquiries to her 
cousin. Margaret Webb. 40 
Slacks Road. AM bury. Tring. 

W INHALL Li CoL Ernest Ron- 
ald TD RA. on February 
26th, Dear husband of the 
lale Teas and father of 
Betti la. Service al SI Retort 
Church. Harbomo al 1.15 
pm Thursday March 6th- No 
(towers Donations to Arxton 
House (wrvs). Clarendon 

Square. Leamington Spa. 


HARDK Cohn Ondr DSC. RN. 
Reared. AU my love as ever 
darting. Now is especially a 
sad Ume for me. Patricia. 

NALD. In fondest memory of 
darting Reggie who died 20 
years ago today. 

"WHOPS Kurt, in loving 
memory. BWovod husband and 
Mihrr who dM on February 
asm 108 S 


mCCMMTMQT Skilled raring 
work on potmlkally DcauUftd 
PUrrv Prtrr 01-462 3283. He- 
rail me 

CALIBRE CVS profrttttnalty 
wrillen and produced 
rumruium vllae dor un a- n te. 
Dna ae. Ol &ao 2959. 

FRIENDSHIP, Lent or Mamagr. 
AM a ges, areas Dateline. Dept 
■ 7STI 23 ADtngdon Road. Lon- 
don wa. Tei- oi 938 ion 


WANTED M London by vmgtr 
profentonal e npuierr wllh no 
house to sru a small Oat ui or 
near Cuv iBartMcan or amuiarl 
lor compfetton abow June. Re- 
ply with drum to won. 5 
Burkhursi Rd. Bridilll on sea. 
TN40 lOF 

BALDWIN AtmOUCS rrqulre 
roll top A pedestal desks, book- 
cases, labM. chairs. Jrg 
wardrobes, chests, pictures nr 
01-585 0148 or Ol 228 2716 

Desks. Bookcase etc A Pre 1940 
lumuure Tei. 01-686 0148 or 
Ol 228 2716. 

gland v* imand EkceUeiu 
pores paid. Tel. 01 8366771 A 
600 BUM. 

MANCAMTE & all Interesting 
silver costume lewrUrry. 

01-622 8079 


A iBUi Geniurv rrpUra furnk 
lure. Including I he Broughton 
Manor roller lion from our own 
Wnl Country workshop. Ar- 
thur Broil. Tillman. TtuniiMrsh 
and Goodwin Home approval 
sets Ire Interior dmgn£2 mil- 
lion slacks for i mmediate 
delivery Nellleiml near Hen- 
ley on Thames >04531 810952. 

SM WJL FUMT Stoned print 
"The Pendant" Cl. 200. Save 
over £600 an IM price |0S901 

EDWARDIAN Chaise tongue, 
recovered- raraL quality 
drakn. £676. 01 727 4914. 

WANTED: Antique Walking 

Canrfi. Tel 01 684 8968 ratty 
mornings or eves 





London's leading specialist m 
new and restored pianos for Ihr 
largnl genuine selection avail- 
able. 30a Highaatr Rd. nwb. 

01 .267 7671. Free catalogue. 

■UMIM.-HV »W «W» 

and .recondiuonrd Quality al 
reanonoMe prices 326 Brighton 
Rd . S Croydon 01-68S3613 

KNICHT K15 piano. 2 yra old. 
Cl. SCO Tel: Winchester 109621 
S648fi after 6 pm. 

SALE. Piano world, secondhand, 
new, rerondiuoned Unbeatable 

prices. 01-486 IBM 

YAMAHA Upright Mahogany. Ex- 
renttonai condition £1. 200 Tel: 
0323 870616 


SCnTLEMAM aged at who n 
considered to be I rust worthy, 
honest and reUOMe seeks I man 
□al backer m order lo pursue 
various properly Iransamons. 
Track record and many person- 
al and buuness refemsers 
available. Please reply m me 
lint Instance lo BOX C01. 

FROM AUTHORS If you have 
written a nook mat deserves 
public al ion Write 10. Drpt THE 
Street. Lewes. Susses BNT 21. U. 

prrreded by Members Meeting 

2 45 pm Saturday vst March. 
University Women's Club. 2 
A lid ley Square. South Audlry 
SI reel W.l. 

Ttie winner ol W H Allen's This 
Prtae to D— apron s rompeution 
In UK- U K.. Canada. South Airs- 
ra and Europe to Siephen 
Leather of London 

WOULD Pamela Barslow. or fam- 
ily Please ronlan her younger 
brother 42. Shelly Bearn Rd. 
walheke. Auckland. New 

— - A mark you fa SI Jude far 
wtui ran only be a nuracte. - 

BONHAMS Monipeuer Modern 
Art Oaursev See Eduralion 

WOOLLCOMBE Dame Jocetyn 
WooUcombe D.B.E. Mr Peter 
WooUcombe. Mrs Jane 
Cotwenram and thetr (am 
illes would like to thank all 
the r rial Ives, friends and the 
colleagues and associates 
from the W.RNS. associa- 
tion of w R.N.S. and 
W.R N S. benevolant society- 
as well as the Girl Guides for 
all their kind thoughts, floral ; 
tributes, letters and support 
received during then recent 
sod loss. 

Give Direct 
To Cancer 

B Wril 850 KKOUtL 
dura* and Kduuous 
b oar ora UxnmneL 
mw 4 of vnur dafunon or 
kpev-pievitferth nj kscecIl 
S ddKflO BaORabaSTL 
lawWita RddLliMtoi WCA 3R 

for Sale' 


Massive stocks of wool 
blended Berbers from 
£3.95 -i- VAT. Plus many 
bargains In room sizes- bt 
an qualities. 

148 WMmrtb IHdi* M 
_ RnmCrm BWC 

Tel: 01-731 33W/9 

Free estimate ■ Expert 

THE TUNIS 11814 19831 one 
someone an ongmal nw. dat- 
ed ihe i pry day they were barn 
CIS 80. or 2 for £22.00. ptw 
five 1860% Times A wrongs 
Card TCL- 01-486 6306 or 
0492 33145 

FINEST quality wool rarorta. At 
trade prices and under, aba 
available Iflffv extra. Large 
room sue remnants under halt 
normal prtrr cnanrery Carorts 

Ol 405 6453 


We nav e ur ken for time and ah 
ihralrr and worn. Tof 631 
3719. 657 1715 All matPT 
cre dtl raid*. 

THE TMKS Original Uum 184*. 
1986 Other tines avail. Hand 
bound ready for presentation 
aft o "Sundays". Cl 2 50 I net. 
Remem ber When 01-686 6323 
TICKET* for any event, Cato, 
Starlight ChP. Chen. Left Mia. 
All theatre and snorts. «! 
6616/828 0496 

A Ex/ Vn /Diners 
size offers in regwn of 
£1.000. Td 01 883 5064 

out york nivBw arroNEs. ah 

rectangular. Beautiful randi- 
hm Cheaper la buy neve. Tct. 
0626 633721 

SEATPINOERS Any event tnr 
Cats, Covrnl Gdn. SUrlMtil Exp 
01 828 1678. Maior credit 
car ds. 

OMEGA Constofauon Mannaltan. i 
special feature. Mml. £2.900 ! 
Reply lo BOX C49. 

PIANO. Medium-shed upright 
iff rtese rand. £388 Can or- I 
range delivery. Ol 463 0148. 



As seen cm BBC2 Food A 
□rink Programme 

Al last a real quality dcraf 
fnnaird fra available by mail 

write for details to 
Si Jtoiri Teas LM, 

Sir JHm Lygn ttoosa, 
laadaa EC4V SPA 

OUM 4117 
iWrekdays Ontyi 



BLACKHEATH *C 13. Irnmar 
% r funs ilaL dol bed . t room. 

bll.. A vhowrr CH.3inilb vU 
iMn C31Q pern me gas rice. 

T Pi 318 4950 lev CSV 


CAMHRmcnilWte superb bvm 
9A0W. 2 3 fled. C head, 
d glazed, car. inroi. raumry 

’ Village, none estate. rTbflvman 
bum 1966. flood varan, vims, 
golf cptasc. fly A course fKhuig 
near. 16 rams Htmtingdon rail 
l timer 42 imps London. 
£66.000. Trt 0087 813862. 


ISLE OF MAN for sale last rr- 
numing busltnng piof wtth 
nsagmhrenl views ovmonklna 
Doupias Bay. Outline approval 
for luxurv dwelling on wiuLUev- 
rtusivr devrtopmml. £ 26 . 000 . 
Reply to BOX C13 . 


TWO WEEKS Chnotmas lime 
share, large studio 'K Mot* 
Clube Praia Oa Oura, Alvarvr. 
£3.000 ana. Farenam 257136 


★★SAVE £££★★ 




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5FAM0SC0 ft 

* USA * l» * USA +15* * 
(Eil'd 1«69» 

W Suolh Epwm St Sunrv 
llivrn 2SSM23V W27IIN/ 

Tricv M»7 


Worldwide tow rosl flights. 
Tnr best - and we ran prove u 
170.000 clients mire 1970 

run FOR MEM at makers prtrrs. 
021 236 95471 Bus! neaal or 

0065-632694 (Homci.lT) 


Kerakngton CM I v. 24hr swbd. 1 
fix.. Coillngfum AMS. 01-373 

DDJBHTPUL PLAT overlooking 
Montague Square w i i Bed. l 
recpl £185 pw Ol 9353393 
central London Irom £325 pw 
Ring Town Her Apa 373 3433 
smart 2 bed. s r apt. next to 
Park. Maui mcl. 373 6306 IT) 


CLAPHAM Pro# F n s for own 
lux Ige dbie rm m super CH Me 
with all mod com Nr lube £60 . 
pw ex + rev dep 01-228 4204. 

£ TS 

UOflOOH « 8EI 

Eoppa/usA Ftgn tn-S37 sago 
Long HaH PlgMm 01-30) IBIS 
in/Bn tom Ctoaa 01-tM 3444 

SWl SuHaMe executive Mon to 
Frt. Large room in mod town- 
house. Own telephone A Colour 
TV. £60 pw. Tei. 834 7426. 

LAD BROKE GROVE prol. male 
or female 20-30. Beoutind rot 
' lage wHh garden: -Own room, 
use of farlHues. £SO pw inn 
tnegv Tef 221 6644 ev«9- 
WIMBLEDON 2 M FT f Of own ' 
room in luxury shared house , 
with gdn. CH. wash math etc. > 
£47 pw ea. Tel: 947 9832 vftti , 
542 3028 in- Sail 
fbatshare. aH amrarn. SuH prof, 
close lube £60 P w. Ttft 242 
6646: 09278 2206 after 7pm. 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Web nub iniroouciory «rv ire. 
Ptoe lei for anM: Ol 689 5491. 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 
BEAL FOR CITY. Young Prof lo 
stir lux Me 6 garden in Nl. 
o/r. £280 pern. Tot. OW Ol- 
2802680 or Hm 254 7036 
Single room. Luxury family 
house. £38 pw loci Reffc. Tel: 
01-602 0969. 

WC1 LARGE PLAT. Male pfbfC*- 
vionaL n s. to snare whu nHr. 
£200 pan * Mils Ring 01-380 
1282 iM lOux-Zpm 
PLAT Nr. TooUng Ber tube A 
Common. O r £27pw I net. 
graduate or prof 767 0619. 
ury nai. ah (am Close lube. 
£7 5 pw. Tel. Ol 828 3997. 
PROP F»nh seeks arrom hr 
Westminster Ol 219 3035 


PUTNEY 3rd person to Glare CH. 
house, own room, n s £35 pw 
exrt. 01 788 2800 pan. 

SE IS Own roam for female hi 
shared house. Carden £137 
prm mcl. Tel. 01639 4108 
Stoll Prof M to sharedettghifid 
l*vr A gdn. own room. £160 
prm. Tel eves Ol S85 0903 

W -HAMPSTEAD prof F 25 * o/r. 
m. gdn £46 pw. mcl Ol 328 
4060 alter 6 pm 
W8 Prof n s role, tor im L Oj 
nai. gdn 7 mins lube. £220 
prm nr 01-741 3830 

ev whnd. 

We can't 
care for the 
victims of 
cancer unless 
you da 

Dm can help us lo replace 
fen and despair wtth calm and 
dqptny for so many, by rnaJOns 
a legacy, ewenarx or donarloc. 

Please contact us for details 
of payment right away at 
The National Society for Cancer 
Sehef, Room 74B.30 Dcrsel Sq. 
LondonNWi SQLTtl 01-4028125. 

Cancer Relief 



BARGAINS. Algarve twit 
from £99: 2 wks from £109 
Tenerife twfc from £189: 
2wha from £224 Departures 
28 Feb. 2. 7. 9 March Also 
Departures AprU A m rough- 
out ihe year including 
Aparbnento or Hotel A 
FI touts from Gal wick a Man- 
rtieslcr isuH to sups A 
avaitabllUyi. inalanl bookings 
A brochure only tbnrrt from- 
Tel London Ol 280 135B Tel 
Manchester 061 834 6033 
Tel anefheM 0742 331100 
• ATOL 2034 

BOcomncD fabe* 

single return 
Jo-burg- Har £300 £468 




Del Bom 



£220 £325 
£130 £200 
£236 £336 
£230 £340 
£196 £330 

Afro Asian Travel 

162. 168 Regent a W.l. 
TEL: 91-417 H9S/R/7/B 

PERTH return from £629 
SYD/MEL/BRJS * £655 
AUCKLAND ' £745 
Sea what the MDBBVEffl 
SPECIALIST can offerl 
01-242 5555 

1M7 New Okforel St London WC7 
V ttwaaiiiierHHwne / 


N York rurxsws £466 
LOS Ang£529 NtolroM £339 
Sydney £639 Bangkok £339 
Auck £780 Toronto £239 

130 Jarwyii Nred, 

FIwrb 01-839 7144 


uv are tHCULSTi Sydney 
o w £396 rm £646. Auckland 
O w £420 rtn £774. Jo’burg 
O w £264 nn £470 Los AiW> 
k-io w EiTi nn £336. London 
Fttgfil Oil I re 01 370 6332 

> YD /MEL £618 Perth C»46 AH 
nvgor carriers lb A US NZ Ol- 
S84 7371. ABTA 
HKONOC488 Bangkok £469 Sto 
C428 Other Far East destina- 
liom. 01-684 7371 ABTA. 
01 684 7371 ABTA. 

nntunou* (Keen front town 
home Privately owned. 3 bed- 
rooms. fuBy furnoned. garage, 
lennto. pool, ad ulUlhes metud- 
rd Avail May ihrougn AuguH. 
month to month. SI .300 pm. 
America B15 9627742. 


Tmctwur 01 -mi mi. 


Islands 01 836 4383- 



MAL L ORCA For rounlrysMe 
hnitn. seaside l lUaa or a farm 
house hostelry all wllh boom 
and away from the rrowds. call 
Pamria WiidtHood Lid 0249 
817023 or 01 6686722. ABTA 
ATOL 1276. 


WANTED - Sown of France, vtua 
for 6 for 2 weeks from 6Ui July. 
Garden e s semaL pool pre- 
ferred. snail village up to 30 
km. from roast ronstfercd. Tel: 
0633 70995 1 afire 3 P-m. 
ARCIEJSIHERE Near Chanmnbc. 
Small modern duplex apart- 
ment. Sleeps 3 5. South faring 
£180. ftal. week. 01-603 7020. 



GREECE. (M hf sorts] Villas, aoca 

A penstam. Departures from 26 
March low prtces from iwfc 
£169. 2 wks £189 • 109231 
778344. Tfimway Holidays 
sntme M CORFU. April /May 
special prices m our attractive 
villas from Heathrow. Ring Pan 
World Hobdays OL 734 2662. 


TUSCANY. By Medieval town of 
Barga In me beautiful 

Carfugnana Valley. Farm 
houses. vOlas. apartt A country 
hotels. JETT ARES 01828 

TUSCANY private farmhouse In 
lovely Sienna hiOa Sleeps B. 
£110-170 p.w. 0252870737. 



are in uie Palmer A Parker blue 
book. All have pm air pools. 
. maM have staff A none are 
cheap. Brochures Ol 493 5725 

Holidays of dMlncuon for Ihe 
very few. Tel: 01-491 0802. 73 
M. James's SlreeL SWl. 


Care K [iram 

Rant BwqUk 

Oufo. Swtfft* 

RUriXf Ntn Yak 

Damascus Ssoif 

Bnan Tokyo 


lo Europe. USA A most destina- 
tions. OUHomat Travel ai-730 

I I I Haynvaricri Travel. Tetepnonc: 
6gc*»jj:»eiie,wiS«W((ciLTO'WW ] 01-930 1366. 

Rrcllo aj(h; 1 I 


Sranomav van village in exrtttiHi 
Aviemore Cetilre Tun and 
Sport lor all ol anytime of year. 
Sell ronlamed luxury arrom- 
modalKHi Irani unoer CIO 00 

per person per mohl inrfuduig 
Ihe best holiday surpnsr for 
1986 worm £100 Phone me 
Holiday Hotline now for details 
• <04791 810862. 


toafinq sea luxury 8 berth 
caravan vhtvr/iv /flush wc 
nr/ heated spool a rouMnr 
rim Mar Gel 0772 502203 
Gaor. 34 Rmqwmd Cr. 
bOdlhmead. Bristol 


BONHAMS A wl>. ftrtl tame, GMf h 
\ null Arts Course starts 2Slh 

4pn! Apply Principal 01 554 


ENOJSH FOR fmetgii s^udento 
liyiividujl imiian n\ giulilkxl 
le.irtier. riMsestahk- ram Tel 
Ol 994 1574 or 01 674 9717 

University of Newcastle Upon Tyne 


nl "ritwra Will be held on aanmtay 

muvniillW) m 3 atom ill tor euros 4udilcnum 
irvkingsltoJd Lewr JVUe t pan Tine Members ire rraMTimrtS wbum nr nriMui ii um would am ire the 

frnm me Herauia. Senior aln*,.. 6 kenoiwton Terrace. iw*cjS 
Lpum T>ne N£| Trl, ahs iom Harm ism. 

B.LT. Nkdwtsaa 

Fakrawy ISM. 

U8A from £99 Malar travel. Ol 
486 9237. IATA 

S kfl'tm UWP Scheduled fligkits 
01 7 24 238 8 ABTA AT M. 
TAME TIME OFF to Pans. Am 
sternum. Innrti. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
togtto A Dieppe Time Off. 2a. 
Chester dose. London. SW1X 
7BO 01 -256 8070 
KriaMt bcowUful & rugged 
roumrynde. Higntand safaris. 
Twirkersworid summer bra- 
rinirv. 01 002 7606 124 hr Ol- 
892 78611. 

ciuom m Merfbri «> GonrcnevH 
fr. £190. n/b. iwh. me. traveL 
Gnsu food. umu. wjflfl& torttB - 
Hvr outruns 01-733 2333 fT37> 
3861 ansaphone.) 
rtIRKSY. anaB pendon A ho- 
tels. Direct mom to emir, 
□ataman. Aaataiya. Degxmire* 
I ram 4 May - T* (0923) 
770344 Ttmaway HoHdayc. 
ABTA /ATOL 1107 
Contact the axptri* to Law 
America, dub & let Oats. Ca- 
ribbean. USA. A Mexico. 
Sana hr. Ol-fiW lisa 
fbghto eg. Ho £496. Lima 
£478 rtn. AM Small Group 
Holiday Journey* JLA ot-747- 

Btacouwri lH.Ecaaamy Ucfc- 
ets- Try u* 

last FUCHTBOOKEHS 01-387 

Cgropeml dmdnalton& 

vaiexander. Ot-ACK 

4262 0062 ABTA. 

61004. ATOL 1960. 

worldwide cheapest lorn. 
RKhmond TfWd. 1 Owe tt 
RJehnwM ABTA 01-9404073. 
gta. N, York £169 MtanM £198 
LA £299 rtn AM Cheapen 
schedule IK on maior US carri- 
ers. 01-564 7571 ABTA. 
AUCAKTE, Faro, hfatafla elr 
Dunond Travel ATOL 1783 
Ol 881 4641. Horsham 6B&4I 
AUSSIE. N Z- 5th Afrira. L-S.A. 
Hong Kong. BrU Fares: 01-493 
7776 ABTA. 


To Austria from £89 HB 
Seau only 

Gal ww*/ Munich £75 

Oaiwkk/Turin £85 

B n iHl n gl m iif Mumch £86 
Manchester / Munich £89 

hahos w m o B wan 

Tel: 021 704 5222 
ATOU62 ABTA 33771 




Ol 741 4666.061-236 0019 

Catered Cnakrt Startles 
Picracv Barbequea 
and Rules 

Inclusive FlaghU. 
Food and Wine 
Ring 01-370 0999. 
AIM 1820. 

FANTASTIC MU bargafm. Chn- 
legv. noiets. apartmems. ab- 
Hreper roach and icH drive. 
Hooking hoUlne with Aere» A 
Visa. Std West. 0673 864811. 

keAWCH AVA IL AML i rr Andor 
ra Lux catered and 9 ewered 
hots Next 2 IMs. Private bar. 
S pool. SU school Inc (US A 
taxi ua infer fr £179. Ski Jean- 
hie 01 221 7913. 

MARCH BARGAINS ■ Top resorts. 
Ml snow fully catered chalets 
from £229. apartments from 
£139. by air. Sfci MacC Ol 351 
6446 ATOL. 


or sell-calermg apu. Coach or 
lly from £79. Phone now for 
our brochure: Deckers Travel 
Ol 3 733691 

ZERMATT IGUi ■ 22nd March. 2 
pumavaUabh- with mixed Dar 
iv Catered Guperlravel main. 
£276 mcl. Details OB94 

naomcaMLPi Monti from 
£129. 28 March Irom £146. 4 
April from £126 DIB luxury 
coach MadMOfi 090248200 

SHI FLIGHTS dally to Geneva. 
Zurich. MuMrfi etc. from £69 
Ski West 0373 86481 1 

SHI LES ALPES Mr luxury nou 
days In Verbier Please trl far 
details. 01-602 3086. 

SHI MORONS great dhrourm 
avaitable for Mar A April Ring 
0691 713620 

Inc Hols 01 509 7070. CHlir. 
ATOL 1772. 


Nmrooi. jo'Sunp. Cano. Du- 
bai. Istanbul. Singapore- K.l_ 
Delhi. Bangkok. Hong Kang. 
Sydney. Europe. A The 
Amcnrm Flamingo Travel. 

3 Nrw Quebec Si. Marble 
Arch London win TOO- 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.001300 




For tow mat fUghB. plus ho 
INS. Garhire. hnunne- and 
tour arrangeme n ts- phone: 

01-930 2556 

Hernw Travel 
56 Whitehall SWl 
ABTA 3483X 

lake district 

weekends for mroar loiers. 
raoniiiii, siartmg March 14th - 
Iblh. DrtalK 08836 266. 



87 Regml SlreM, London W1 
Tel 439 6534 fgr UK Overscan. 

AM m. helps dams 

Krmp on ■■■• 

AU PAIR Working parents seek 
hve-in nNp with home anil rhU- 
dren. Bout 837668. 




We have a vtgieris veleelMn of 
perumuiiy msperted fur 
nnfird and uniurnKhcd 
pruDciiirv in many fine Rm 
O etHiN dHinm. ranging 
from C180 pw to L2.000 pw. 

Tel- 01-486 8926 

CENTRAL! Dbie brdML awn UI. 
£60 pw. Others IOO 01627 
0610 Hu n x-to tJ U x S. 

CHWWtCH i pea gxrrN ftai 
wouia suh prat male. CH. 
Phone. C60 pw. Trt 994 3300. 
HUE BCD Hal trt. own kil. 
phone. £60 pw. Others too 01- 
627-2610 HOfurtoratora. 
HANDY TUBC 3 bedrm home, 
recepl TV , CH, G146 pw OU1 
rrx 627-2610 HomcWMors. 
BUNOTON: 2 bed fully turn rial. 

I CH. nr BA A Tube Sin £600 
prm Pfcf ro. HD1 536 0405. 

. JUST LISTED! 3 bedrm flat nr 
nine. £90 pw. others loo. Ol- 
627 2610 Hgmrtocttbr* 
KEHSINSTON m. Exreuem a 
bed rial. New Her and turn Co 
irl C 1 56 pw 01938 3425 
KWCHKBRtDSE. Luxury 4 bed 
flat i2 nuns HArradsI avail now 
C375 pw. Trt 01 684 6535. 
near Skune Square. RMurrd 

] Winirr ratry g 1-581 8008 (Tl 
MAYFAIR single bedroom A hath 
In luxury home £98 pw inr. 
Telephone 01491 1944. 

H. LOfBOM IHdM reran. 
OH. phone. C82 pw. Others 
627 2610 Hometocaton 
NO BILLSI Renovated 2 Bedrm 
«dn ftal. washer. Cl to pw Oth- 
ers. 627-26HJ Hometocator*- 

nw 2 bedrm cm hi 4k. rereoi, 

parking. £86 pw. Other* 627. 
2610 Komctocators 

S HEM Lux. fum. i r flu suit 

couple single. Own entrance 

CO Let C130PW. 01-684 3373 
St JOHN'S WOOD. F mixed luxu- 
ry nai Cleaner £2-u> pern, 
tori 01 686 6176 W r 
SW l bedrm flaL child ok. rereM.. 
phone. £66 pw. Others 01 627 
2610 Homnocaton 

WJL aorioud i new dMe bed 
ftal in Kildare Tee. £l26pw. s 
G Boland Lid 01-221 2616. 

rereix. pet ok. £140 pw Others. 
01-627-2610 HomefocMors 
WEST END! DMe Mm Hal. 
■crept . £81 pw. Others loo Ol ■ 
627 2610 HametoCBtors. 

lux flam houses up lo £600 
pw. usual ires reo Phuups 
Kay a Lewes. South of ihe Park- 
Chrtsee oirire. 01-352 8111 or 
North of Ihe Park. Regen Is 
Park office. 01 722 5136 


2 dMe beds, fully turn Parking 
COM £275 pw Trt 4026390 

PENTHOUSE - Ctur/Borturan. 
Fully l u rmshed. living /dining 

room, dressing/’ gall pry bed- 
room, kiirnen. bom/ we. targe 
I err are. panaramlr slews. £210 
pw inr 01428 6520 aflrr 
600 pm 

VEST BRO —F TOH. Lovely gar 
den ftal avallaMe Mon - Fri. 
muiuai arrangement. £80 Tel. 
386 6303. 


HER MAJESTY'S 930 4026 
930 0606 ft Hotline 741 9999 
Fim CaU 24 hour 7 day 
rr hookings 240 7200 

“A Wssdsrfxl T h i a hl L a lh i Mnj. 

to Mare* to o m Hrtrxt tor 

ids— tore " D. Mail 


Holland Park WR. CJegant 
house oi i m m ens e charm aod 
rnaidrirT in gwrt lira- Unra 
Mieel 4 dMe beds aH wllh 
tutnrni en stale. 2 dido 
reregs. ptaytm. f I kil. ixirsl 
WC urdm. pkg. Ut50pw 
Hattann Tire WJL siun- 
mm grnd flr in refurtwdied 
and eoiboped to Wttfieu sun 
ddid. 1 dMe bed. receo. K A 
B. Cl76pw 

81 7Z3 MU 

cnanrai place, SW7 
S0K«in 3rd fi 4th Hoof Mai- 
sonang n good convarsNn in 
hurt of South Kcnsnqlon. 3 
dbto. Ms.. tarQe fflds. itn- 
ton. taL/dawm.. tsthrm. E3D0 
pet week. 

Chetoca Office 01-589 SC11 


EXECUTIVE family hfHKe North 
London, now* swadilly line. 3 
beds. 2 rercjHMn Fully healed. 
Large fully equtoPrd knrtwn 

All mod com. urge secluded 

garden. Garage. C200 pw. Tel: 
4489222 days 4. eves. 


Lrgenlty require flats a houses 
in renirai Lmxtan from £160 to 
£2.000 pw. Please rail Sally 
Owen or Lorraine Campbell on 
01 937 9684 

F.W.GAFP iManagmem Sen iresi 
Lid reoinre properties In renirai 
south and west London areas 
lor wasting applicants O l 221 



avail. A reud. for dartomates. 
exvrulivn. Long A short lets in 
all areas, unfriend A Co 48. 
Albemarle SI Wl 01-499 5334. 

AT HjOAME iquME. BegutUul I 
2 bed. 2 bath luxury rial C52S 
pw negouaMe London Apts. 
Inlrmauonal.Trt.Oi 244 T3b3. 

EAUMG lux Regency villa, an fa 
rawed. 3 DM . newly Her . Ige 
gdn. Close aH amenities C2SO 

P.w Tel-01679 4642. 

HAMPSTEAD 2 dMe Deas. 2 re- 
cepllons refurtxrfied. CH flat. 
£190 pw. Company M. Trt. Ol- 
794 8661. 

5 MMS HARROOSl Spertarutar 
Hilly funihnrd Ml floor rial. 1 
dtrir bedrm. \. targe 
rerep/dlner. balrony brand 
new filled Mlrhrn ana bath- 
room with shwr. Full CH Long 
hr required. CJOOow. Tel. 846 
9164 / 996 7350 anytime. 

U.S. COMPANY tortus (urn prop - 1 
ernes in bed London areas I 
Agents) Ol -609 5481 , 



BngW. ap 8 sfoi 0 .3 tad I 

Setoaun of 2 tad flats in kn- 

CB^ - m •t2&E3Dg tti 


^ flpof u raa uairnp(iy>ifta . 

bo, uStrrepw w66k° n ® 

ThtotoMt a wtoeflon of Ota 

cai wa can hefipM to 
your, search lor a noma m 


SW7 LUX new 2nd riooe PB flat 
LIU. VlfldO enlrv phone CCTV 

leruriur. porter, immac fur- 
■usfied. dpi bedroom, rerep wim 
sofa bed. baieonv. k&B. own 
CH. Go let/ CiDhasvy prrt £200 

pw. Ol 849 9746 

wkmuston iNnoia. sunny, 
luxury fully equiped 2 roomed 
IlaL Short or tong Cp Let £200 
p w. Larger Hals aha atallaHe 
Triephone 01 937 9995 idayi: 
Ol- 581 3528 (eves A w ends). 

miure supplied lor short or long 

lets. Large Hocks, tnvmecwlr 

d-Uverv Call Mr Mnrhaei 
ru or nury. John sictnd Con 
■rarts Lid Tri 01 485 8015 


runvnlly w-kinq good aiulHy 
rental arrommodovlon in 
central London lor waning 
comwny tenants 01-937 9681. 
CONTACT IM If you wanl Ihe 
very bra wlerlion of stamar 
■ ftals ana houses m London. 
Ouranhi Constantine. 

Trt: Ol 244 7353. 

HARLEY ST. Brtotn aw. Prestige 
Mk. Ufl Porter DMe bedrm. . 
good imp k-b inflow, i 
UWrlend. 01 499 6334. ! 

Due in our ronimurd expansion 
we reouire an addluonal Mllng 
Nrooualor. to loin our ream 
Him be lively . energrtlr, «eH 
mrairUM and have a verier m 
numaw-. Pleaae wnle in confi- 
denre lo uie. M D.. OuranM 
Constantine. 270. Earls Court 
Road. London SW5 9A6 

W. HEN. CHELSEA A selection of 
charming fully fum 1-4 hed 
appls 6 l own houses cido 
£400 pw incl- 01675 1896 , 

PMn^WMnmf ' 
Her. Luxury houses and Hals : 
available for long or Urns lets 
Please ring for current hoi . 
Coates 69 Burktnrttani Pbtan- I 
Road SWL. Ol 838 8251. 

MI 3881 The number loremem- ^ 
ber when seeking best rental 
properties in renirai and prune 1 
London areas Cl6a/£2.O0Onw. 

US. COMPA NY seeks fum prop- 
erties in best London areas 
AgenUiOl 589 5481 

r T. “Ita spirlarMsil). 1: mi 
hd* msto drx wx" Mail on Sun. 
EvtB 7.30 Mais Wed A Sal al 6 O 


Oner led by John Oextrr 
-Orerted with lunuiKous 
applause - 

Dally Exp ress 

Evgs 7 30 ilonlgM only B'OI Ssis 
6.0 A 8.16 
Wed Mats 3.0 
Group Sales Ot-9SO 6123 



PJL ti CUef Executive 

Very efficient, organised, con/idem, warm, 
strong, determined, self-starter required. Proven 
marketing/ PR experience essential. 

Please contact Margarita 




Ttic Lciiing Agent 

Freshly decorated and 
carpeted throughout, 
this cosy fla* on the 
first floor of a modern 
Nock. It has two dou- 
ble Bedrooms, lining 
room. Newly fined 
kitchen and bar- 
room- Available now 
to a company tenant 
at £300 a week. 

01*589 2133 

CONTACT IM 8 vou wool tW 
very brv vrtrrtron of w re"* 
11 , 16 . and-houvri in Lomttrt 
Our.usni convlannne Trl 
Ol 244 7363. Trtex 91M904 

FULHAM. S C I taly 
q t IVM 2 be«og«" '■» 

Living room, kilrhro h.db 
room tl 10 o* Coin Applv 
Man- 73b 7135.1 n. 

FULHAM Sunenof spannuv 2 bed 
iui. rune lube ReffP- a™ 
kil /diner- wpvher/drv-rr Lge 
rum gun U«m Ot Lri r« 
llsli 73b ]07P Or 361 5057 

hrdrm IN nr ftal in mad P*m 
uor Work porter Tree pkmj 3 
miilhv ♦ £330 ro SUwne 

Proper ile-v. 780 0548. 

MAYPAM WL LUX ItalV fix" *tai 
lor irilUl krelf 4ec 4 Wllh' 
vemreri I 2.S. bedrtnv CJOO 

LBOOow Mm Id 4 nvrtihv Beiff 

Diner A Co. Ol 491 3I&4 

PUTNEY vuperti perxxl roiwor 2 
dM hert*. waned oatdrn |Mfk 
■nq. nrwfv arcomlrd. CH. fiillv 
lined hitmen £?35 D » ™ 
246! OI 242 CflOb 0X1 2S3 

we urgently regu" r vnr M op 

eel lev III W . fck 

London Davri Woollr a. Co 
4>32 7381 

CHELSEA superfi lux. 1 dWe bed 
rm ftal on Chevne Walk rww 
interior Per Loe HI Iriavi im 
£156 pw Trt. OI 362 8468 

CHELSEA. Outel. spanotei 2 hed 
room. 2 rereplton nunsoi ual 
Crti. eixry phone, no Uuurex 
£166 pw 458 4293. 

HAMPSTEAD 2 bdnm. I dMe . 1 
vuigfe. kil wllh worn mar . roof 
lenare CISOpw Co lei prrl 
794 8090. 940 2966. 

Beam 2 bed apt wllh i i W 
rerepv. baihrm. Id kil. Cl 75nw 
Co Irl only 431 1041 

NWlt, BEAUTIFUL 1 double 
bedroom flat, newly decor alrtl. 
lounge kiirhen. Bathroom 
£130 per wrek Trt. JoH 0041 

S. KEN. Nr Hareodv. Weu tur 
ntvnrd vmu have rui Dtne 
bdnm. foe rereg. K B Avail 
immcd LI SO pw 01 S84 I22S 

ST JOHN'S WOOD, rum Hal 3 

bedim. irnno rm. new 
kil diner, bainrm. vhwr rxiak. 
CH. £230 pw. 0454 414329 

ST JO HN ** WOOD 1 beam 
garden nai. Own rnlranre 
k&B. rerep. 1 ouiri person 
£100 pw Tel: 01 262 6059 

ST PAUL'S CT WI4. EJrqanl 2 
hep lawn tne. gdn. age. 3 man 
lube Cl 70 p w mcl C H Ivr 
lease Ol 748 2442. 



For large Wcsi End Hold 
experience essential in 
hotel sales and marketing 

R. Burpiiu 
General Manager. 
Onslow Court HoicL 
104-113 Quccnsgatc. 
South Kensington. 
London SW7 SLR. 


Pemtanem A temporary povt- 
l»m. A MSA SprriMHI Her. 
Com. Ol 734 OS32 



fim . ctmitar dm. Trauo eUMn. I 

Good rate* + O T. USA. Trt: 
Interlard 01-640 8124. 

<£cole sup^rieure 


French business school with an in tem att onai teoutment for its 
MBA postgraduate cBptoma and doctoral programs, as well as 
extensive research, consultancy and continuing education activi- 
ties. Applications are invited for academe appointments from 
September 1986 in:- 


Post may be at professor or associate/assstara professor level. 
Candidates should hold at least an MBA or eqriraieiit degree, and 
a professional qualification or doctorate is desirable for senior 
posts. A record ol achevement in teaching Is essential, plus 
experience n either research, consultancy, or a maior company 
or mute-nationaL All posts wifl involve the majority of the 
professor's time in teachng and course dewtopment, plus par- 
ticipation «i an agreed basis in research, consultancy or m- 
company tranvng. rnrWy teaching will be partly m English, bul a 
competent knowledge of business French is required with the 
abifty and (Merrrar-imm qiicMy to become fluent. S&rttng salary 
hi the range 165-240.000 FF/year, depending on status and 

Witte al once for additional data or send letters of appteattai 
with lufl CV. recent photo and names of referees to> 
Professor Yves-Frederic UV1AN, Groupe ESC Lyon, 

C/0 Language. Learning Centre. 

Manchester Business School. 

Booth Street West. Manchester M15 BPS. 

Are you earning over £20K and seeking a 
new job? 

The Connaught Services have helped 
more executives to find new appoint- 
ments than any other organisation — 
mainly in the unadvertised vacancy area. 

Contact us for a free confidential 
meeting. If you are currently' abroad, 
enquire about our EXPAT EXECUTIVE 


I London, 

^ Connaught 

[24 hoursl 

■ TVie Executive Job Search Professionals ■ 



Salary £neg 


Church Army b-3 major AnglioB darii; which in banting its 
ohjens is engaged in a wide variety of sooal welfare and dfim 
rv oiiRlniie pfCjcffis. 1( employa nearly 600 people and plans to 
■Vend over Ann Ibis year. 

The Director oPPoblic Rdaiioraand Appeals wit! have retponsi- 
bilily for prorming ihe aim andobjccts of (he charily M widely 
u posu Me, essential io obtain ihe financial support necessary for 
Utc work to be imdcrukca. RcsponsbiUiics will include lhc 
dirnlnn of a wrong team of pro fe ssional find isbcn. 

The nHtcior wiB report lo ibe Chief Secreury and k a member 
of ine managemetii eammiucc wiH be expected io paninpeic In 
Md cpmribuic u Uie overall manaecmcniaod rmurc pfanaingof 
lhc ctiarKy. 

Appi Rams should have nricvam e x pe ri ence and be pippwd io 
work io ughi finaoaal aigeiL The wqrfi isctaifengwg. ^ward- 
ing and vet) worthwhile. 

The nroituteraiiofi partage win reflect (he importance of tbia 

Please write wiih a detailed CV ire 

The CUef tfotiitorj, X "X' 

Ctareh ligy, f yfe/ — 

MepndeMx Road. i Kg/ ChtSCh Army 

fttxtbeath SE3 9LC. \ W — 1 ZJ 

Are Yon OverweicM? 

Wont a lighthearted break? 

Want to lose weight with a difference and get a suntan? 

Wr offers 7 day weight reduction program an aw 65" luxury 
maser in Palma Majorca On board win be our piemanl Half 
and our waif rnef who win meoare only ihe riqM food toamM 
in I rasing those unwanted inches. The yacN leaves Palma 
Harbour on Monday morning and returns (he next Sunday 
These Writers can also be afleredM your Waff as Inernmes • 
bonuses. For only £900 01-449 8721. Sunday 01-449 2177. 


IntarnaUonol Mark rung Company tan new protfurt wrucli luc 
serond Lnfonv potenual and rotad be oorraied from home with 
family participation THIS product, winch h well sought after 
especially by Uie heal Hi and lltnna ron&rkxn. la airegdy locaaed 
In mie of Uie Urges! departmental smut chains in mis country. 
No selling Im alien, mi estmenl aenire-a oy pradinT IhM is casn 
producing, original produrl Has been used far over 60 yearn If 
you have one or iwooays free per week and invvtimenl casual 
of tlftrSOO. then please apply tor free cotour brochure to: 
CM. Lid. II Mirtfcmngk Place. Brridmw. E«H Sossev 
Td (0273) 672226. Th 8782b8. 


Hire business Glasgow, Good ex- 
isting trade with excellent 

Reply to BOX C02. 



North West Thames Regional Health Authority 
is recruiting graduates to train in Accountancy 
and Financial Management within the NHS. 
The complex task of financial management 
demands the skills of able and qualified 
personnel at a high level Consequently, 
opportunities for qualified accountants in the 
NHS are both challenging and rewarding. 

The scheme commences in September 1986 and 
combines office experience with formal studying, 
leading to a full accountancy qualification with 
the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and 

.Starting salary rises from £7,324 on 
commencement of employment 'to £9.218 on 
passing CIPFA PE2 (normally 2ft years). Full 
training expenses will be paid in addition. 

If you have the necessary academic ability and 
the managerial potential required, then please 
request an application form and further details 
from: The Employee Services Unit, North West 
Thames Regional Health Authority, 40 
Eastbourne Terrace. London. W2 3QR. 
01 -262 SO II exL 19/41 1. Closing date: 31st 
March 1986. 


(University of London) 


ApMcaUons are invMed from Accountants who are atm. 
hers of one of Uw leading Accountancy Boom for 
appointment as Assistant Bursar in Dw Finance Office. Th* 
duhn of Uw post will Imolve Financial and Management 
Accounting. Budgetary Control and a variety of oowr du- 
ties: the penon appointed win be second in Hne to the 
Bursar in a small office of nine staff. The accounting 
raeards are fully computerised- Starting salary will be on a 
rising scale up is £1681 7i Initial salary wm tw assessed in 
relation to experience and proven ability. The goof ts 

superannuable and (wtwflb mchide 31 days houday. a gen- 

emus sickness scheme and Interest free loans for season 
tickets. Btrtack College, which is the oktest foundation m 
the University, specialise* In pm-dme mature students 
reading for flnl and higher degrees and offers a pleasant 
and satisfying working environ mem. Further deuus may 
be obtained from the Assistant Secretary ‘Personnel) 
lARSn. m. Btrtack College. Mate! SlreeL London WClE 
7HX Ml 651 6529) to whom aoDUcauora. in duplicate 

including full cv and names of two referees should be sent 

by Friday id March. 



s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1 

Ertn Ceefax AM. 

6J» Breakfast Time with Frank 
Bougftand MRce Smitft 

Wether at 635, 7.25, 
7.55, &2S and &5S; 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at 6-S7, 7.27, 
7.57 and &27; national and 
International news at 7.00, 
7 JO, MO, 8L30 and MO; 
sport at 7.20 and &20; 
Lynn rauds wood’s 
consumer report at 8.15; a 
review of the morning 
newspapers at (L37. Plus, 
improving Britain's football 
' Image; 'phone-in 

gardening advice; and pop 

music news. 

9.20 Caetax 1ft30 Play School, 
presented by Bred Harris. 
wrthjpnssLJano Hardy (r) 

1250 News After Noon with 
Frances Corordate and 
Moira Stuart Includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 1255 Regional 
news. The weather details 
come from ten McCaskflL 

150 Pebble MM at 


Paul Cota- Today’s edition 
includes Peter Seabrook 
on the island of Mainau in 

thetnkMieof Lake 
Constance, admiring the 
variety of coloured plants 
and shrubs ttatthme 
even in the depths of 
winter. 1.45 King Roto. A 
See-Saw programme for 
the very young (r) 150 
Bric- a D re e . For the young 

■ * , 

I news. 

355 Lay on Five, with Ftoefla 

Lee . 

Btarnwharnlr) 4.10 
4.15 J a cfc a noqr. Peter 
Davison reads part five of 
Dick KJng-Smitn's, The 

i Irt 450 Secrets 
Out Another edition of the 
quiz at which the panel - 
have to guess the odd 
hobbies of a series of 


».* » - . v 



Extra. Paul 
McOowetf reports on the * 
secret airlift, code-named 
Operation Moses, in which 
thousands of Ethiopian 
Jews were afrirftad out of 
their country to Israel 


Grange HHL Episode 16 
and Ait is in Mr Bronson’s 
bad books once again. 


■•*at re 

v- ■-» 

555 fcaxTBafObdieandhts . 
team help settle another 
selection of 

BJJO Htero with Nicholas 
WitcheM and Andrew 
Harvey: Weather. 

655 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
include Beryi Reid; James. 
Edward and Robert Fox 
with their mother, 

- Notman Tebbtt; and 
750 Blanket? Btank. Les 
Dawson's panel is Stacy 
... Doming, AnenJ Harvey. 
Safly James, Nicholas 
: Parsons, Clairs Rayner 

' and Bemie Winters (r) -.- 

, . (CpetaK... - 
-8.15. Dynasty. The sabre-. ■ 

“• Prince Michael is fteylng 
hard-to^er-hoJd-ofwhere , 
wife Amanda is 

concerned; arid 
' Dommkjue’SMtest affair 
comes to an abrupt end. 

950 News with John Humphrys 
■ and Andrew Harvey. 
.Weather. . 

950 Lovefoy. Okf love-tetters 
discovered by Lovsjoy - 

hidden in a dock cast 
* ooubtandtfiahonourona 
Waterloo hero (Ceefax) 
"KL20 A Festival of Kxed Wefah 
• Voices. ttulh Madoc 
introduces a concert at the 
Roya) Albert Hail featuring 
some 1,000 stagers 
compristaglfi choirs. With 
Arwel and Eteri Peleg 
Wffiams and Aled Jones. 
1155 FBm: The Scffian Clan 
(1970) starring Jean Gabon 
and Alain Delon. Thriller 
about a idler sprung from 
. /a S in order to help rob ah 

entire jewaflery eacNWtion. 
Directed by Henri Vemaufl. 

150 Weather 


6-15 Good Morning B ri ta in. 

presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 

Exercises at 950; news 

with Gordon Honeycombs 

850 arid 850; sport at 
&55 and 754; cartoon at 

7.24; pop video at 7-55$ 

i at 8.17; Jimmy 
Greaves's tBlevfsfon 

MghfigWs at 854; the 

recipe (Or crunchy 
aubergines and winter 
salad at 855; page three 
girt. Linda Lusardi, at 354; 

and the acfltor of The Star, 

Uoyd Turner, on what it 

takes to be a pin-up, at 


925 Thames nefws headlines. 

950 FOr School* the natural 

history of the seaside 047 

When electricity became 
readily available for 
. domesti c use 10.08 Maths: 
connections producing 
patterns and codes 1026 

Science: evaporation and 

condensation 10*8 

EngEsh: the story of 
Friedrich, written by Hans 

Peter Richter and set in 

Nazi Germany 11.15 How 

a potato becomes a 
- packet of crisps 1157 The 

skffl of the sigrnvriter 11.44 

Uses of computers, 

1250 Benny. Adventures of a 
(rt -12.10 Rainbow. 

1250 Writers on 

Richard Hoggart 
conversation with Alan 

150 News at One wtth Leonard 
Parkin 150 Thames new*. 

presented by Tina 

150 FWnrSflentDuar^lS^) 

about a 

tether who always thinks 

the best of las roguish 

son. When he hears that 

he fs killed In battle he 
a memorial but then 

son makes a surprise 

appearance. Directed by 

Lance Comfort. 

350 Mr and Mrs. Quiz game for 
married couples, 

355Thames nm Bat8y 
haatfines 350 Sons and 


450 RamboK A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
1210 4.15 Bathe iffndar. 
Cartoon series 425 Emu’s 
Pink WtadmB Show, 
presented by Rod Hufl. 
5.15 Blockbuster. Bob 
Hotaess with another 
round of the genera) 
knowledge game for 

&45 News with Atestair 
Stewart 650 The 6 
O'clock Show. Michael 
and his team take a 
at the lighter side of 
London Bfa 

7.00 AUonMmkeLWSitbe 
Jaz or OEver who fails tn 
the trap? 

750 Murder, She Wrote: Pahrt 
Me a Murder. Jessica is at 
a party tor a celebrated 
artist who is.murdered - 
after he Confides in - - 
Jessica that he believes 
there is a death-threat 
hanging over him. 

850 HbTb My Boy. Robert is 
horrified whan he sees the 
contents of his mother's 
drugs cabinet and even 
more alarmed when he 
discovers how she 
acquired the cache 

9.00 AuflMedersehen, PeL 

More comedy drama from 
the seven 

brickies (Oracle, 

1050 News at Ten with Alasta/r 
Bur net an d Pamela 

1050 The London Prolamine. 
John Taylor pr es e nts an 
investigation into a pattern 
of assaults by police on 
members of ihe pubic. 
Followed by London news 

1150 Snooker. Semifinal 
coverage of the Dulux 
British Open. 

12.15 Mrtor Image. Tears For 
Fears to concert at the 
Ha m mer sm ith Odaon. 

1.10 Thoughts 

(BBC 2, 950pm) is one of those 
programmes I never plan to 
watch and yet, having tuned in by 
chance. Invariably find myself 
glued to the sell continue to be 
taken by surprise every 
Friday night, end Intend to go on 
doing so unffl we team which 
co mb i nati on of man aid dog 
wins the sheepdog 
championship. W h erein Has the 
particular magic a! this a! 
fresco conjunction at the two- 
andtou r to g g o d ? The 
scenery is always breathtaking 
(tonight, we are st9 on the 
slopes above Uiiswater), but we 
can get pretty views in any 
good nature programme. The 
sheep are an unimaginative 
loLwithout the endearing 
compensation of cuddly 
tetmbs.The dog handlers are all 

whistle and shout and tend 
to look aBke in their flat caps. 

So, the magic must repose in 
the dogs theoAnd jot course, it 
doesnn the erectness of ears; 
in the lowness of the crouched 
body as the next command is 
awaited: in the sudden dash that 
has in something ol the 
curved flight of the boomerang^ 
the finalleap ol delight as its 

master acknowledges a job wbI! 
dcneJWter watering One Man 
and his Dog ,1 always find it 
difficult to warm to the smug 
and cosseted exftbits at Crufts. 


7.00pm) takes a page out of 
Eddie Shah’s boofoand I am 
not at al sum. there f ore, that a 
writer on a rival newspaper 

ougrato paraccmmenttng ttto 
you. To be honest. though, 

this is only mini-Shah because it 
shows how, using a 
microcomputer, you can print 
your own newspaper at home 
-typing the stories, arranging the 
layout on screen, storing on a 
disc, and then setting "me 
presses" in action. The 
smctty Bmited circulation of the 
resulting pubSca fl on should 
not have much of an impact on 
the present war in Rest 
Street and its adjoining 
Docklands battlefield. 

• Rsd» choice: Lazar 
Berman pteytag the Brahms 
Piano Concerto No 1 with the 
BBC SO (Radio 3.7.45pm) In a 
concert that also includes 
Rachmaninov's first symphony. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

655 Open Ui 

Education 72D Weekend 
Outlook. Ends at 726. 

950 Ceefax. 

95S Daytime on Two: Spates! 
conve r s a tion 952 The Boy 

From Space 10 l 15 Maths: 

a mathematical rule into a 

1058 History: the 

_ rntag of the industrial 
Revolution 11.00 The 
Scots taring in a vaBeym 
11122 The future for 

1144 Life and social 
skiOs 12.05 Getting the 
best from micros 1255 

Computers ta education 

tends at 1.00) 110 
Science: electromagnetic 
spectrum 153 Does 
i the Bard’s 
250 A 14-year old 
adapts to Bfa in a 
wheelchair 250 Pupils 
from a south London 

school make a movie. 

250 Ceefax. 

525 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

550 FHm: Zebra In the Kitchen 
(1965) starring Jay North 

and Martin Miner. 

Comedy about an artmtai 
loving boy who hates 
zoos. Chaoe reigns in his 
city when he releases all 
the creatures from their 
; in the zoo. Directed 


by Ivan Tors. 

Live. This week’s 
etftion Mustrates how it » 

possible to make your own 

newspaper on 
microcomputer and there 
is a tarn featuring Ray 

Kurswefi, a leading 
exponent of artifioal 


750 Ebony. BH 

general-secretary elect 
ihe TGWU. beSeves black 
workershave tostfaite in 
British society. 

850 Travelers in Time. The 
final programme of the 
series features film taken 
Martin Johnson and his 
i, Osa. when, in 1934, 
they made a 60,000 mfie 
flying safari taking pictures 
of noiv-extinct WKtffa (r) 
850 Gardeners’ Worfo. 

Graham Rose, the 
ebuMont gardemru 
correspondent of The 
Sunday Times, and Roy 
Lanca ster, -visit Jenkyn 
Place, H am ps h ire, tne - - 
garden created by Gerald *. 
and Patricia Coke (I) 

950 Sporting Chance. Marti 
Caine tries skMng; Paul 
Nicholas continues wrth 
hta snooker Instruction; 
wid Lesfie Ash enters her 
first race at Saverstone. 
950 One Man and Hm Dog. 
IWswatBf. (see Choice) 
10.10 Did You 6ee~? Humphrey 
Carpenter, Anthony Smllh 
and Jane Lapotaire join 
Ludovlc Kennedy and 
comment on The 
Insurance Man, 26 
Bathrooms, and The Book 
1055 NewsnigM 1140 

1145 Fane No Love for 

Johnrwe* (19W) starring 
Peter Finch es a career 
Labour poitidan who 

becomes tBsfflusloned 
with the back benches at 
the same time as his wife 
leaves him and he begins 
an affair with a woman 
halites i 

Thomas. Ends, 




250 A Question of Economics. 
Zeinab Badawi and Peter 
Donaldson examine the 
world of work and the 
effects ttie 

centuries has had on the 
division of labour (r) 

350 Snooker. The second - 
semifinal ol the Dulux 
British Open. 

450 Countdown. Yesterday’s 
winner ‘a challenged by 
David Derbyshire from 

550 Car 54 Where Are Your 
This week's edition of the 
vintage comedy show 
from the United States 
finds Toody thinking that 

his partner, Muktoon. has 

refused promotion to 
detective in order to stay 
wrth Toody. 

550 The Tube. A heavy metal 

UFO and 

Cherry Bomba. There is 
archive footage of Jim 
Hendrix; features on David 
Lee Roth and Thor, and 
the fast television 
interview given by the late 
John Bonham. 

750 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons. Weather. 

750 Rightto Reply. The IBA's 
decision to withdraw a 
programme on incest was 
wrong says Dr Dick 
Thompson, associate 
cfirector of the Mental 
Health Foundation and 
presenter of the shelved 
programme. The decision 
b defended by the IBA. 

850 What the Papers Say. 
Freelance journalist Julie 
Davidson comments on 

’ Press coverage of the 
week's news. 

8.15 A Weak In Pofitica 
rented by Peter 
• week's edition 
indudes a report on the 
Labour Party s inquiry into 
Mutant; and a profile of 
the Progressive 
Democrats, the Republic 
of Ireland's new political 

950 §r^*era- Joe. inafitof 
bravado, bets Marcus that 
he can do a Henry Higgtas 
on a' tough down anaout 
female. But as in ■ 
Pygmafion, the teacher 
fdttfor the pupfl. 

950 How DoeaYotir Garden: . 
Grow? Philip Wood and 
David Wilson visit the 'Co. 
Fermanagh garden of 
Acheson Aiken which 
- boasts a fine display of 
herbaceous perenteate. 

10.00 Cheers. Diane seems to 
become unhinged as her 
imagtaatjon runs riot by 
thetaoughtof Andy 
Shroeder. the actor who 
once triad to strangle her 

1050 HowfoSonrivethe9to5. 
The final programme of 
Ihe series on how to avoid 
stress at work, presented 
‘ Cary Cooper. 
Drgm isatmna 

Psychology at UMIST 


1120 F»ie Up Ore Junction 
(1967) starring Suzy 
KendaH, Dennis 
Waterman, Adrienne 
Posts and Liz Fraser. NeB 
Dunn's story of the upper- 
dass Cheteeegiri who 
goes to five In Battersea, 
taking a job in a factory, 
and telling for a furniture 
dealer . Da-acted by Peter 
ColBnsoa Ends at 150 

C Radio 4 " ) 

555 Shipping Forecast. 650 
News Briefing: Weather, 

6.10 FarmirtgToday. 625 
Prayer tor the Day 
650 Today, end. 

650,750,850, News. 

625, Business News, 
856,756 Weather, 



745 Thought for the Day. 
855 Yesterday In 
Parliament. 850 Your 

Letters, 857 Weather 

9L0O News 

855 Desert island Discs. 

Michael Parkinson talks 
to Sdtaa Scott (s) (r) 

945 Feedback. Chris Dunkley . 
toNows up listeners' 
com me nts on the BBC 
1050 News: International 
Assignment. BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world 
1050 Morning story; "The 
Face of Waiter" by 
James Hanley Reader. 

Canard Green 

10.45 Daily service (New Every 
Morrung, page 97) (s) 

11.00 News: Travel; Pfflarsol 
Society. Peter KeBner 
investigates the working of 
Scotland Yard 
1148 Hampshire Days. PJ. 
Kavanagh reads from the 
book "Hampshire Days” by 
W.H. Hudson 
1250 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper reports on the 
food business 

1227 Son of Cfiche. Portrait ol 
a space cadet worried 
about gono space crazy 

loneliness -,(r),1255 Weather 
150 The World at One: News 
140 The Archers 155 
Shtapmg Forecast 
250 News; Woman's How 
Indudes a discussion 
about a new book on the 
Warsaw ghetto 

350 News; Jude the Obscure 
Thomas Hardy's novel 
dramatized in 6 parts, with 
Michael Pennington as 
Jude (5) We Wronged No 
Man (0 (s) 

450 News 

455 Humou- in Music. 

Leonard Pearoey talks to 
Peter ScWckeie 
450 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 
night's edteonfr) 

550 PM: News I 
550 Stepping! 

555 Weather 
650 News; Financial Report 
650 Going Places. The world 
of travel and transport 
7-00 News 
755 The Archers 
720 Pick of Week TV and 

radio extracts selected 
by June Knox-Mawfir (s) 

820 Law in Action. Joshua 
Rozanberg presents the 
last programme in tile 
present series about 
issues thrown up by the 
courts and by Parliament 
845 Any Questions? Chris 
Ratten. David Biunkett. 
Margaret Clay and Ned 
Shemn tackle issues 
r aised ty the autftence in 

950 Letter nom America by 
Alistair Cooke 
945 Kaleidoscope includes 
comment on Across from 
■ the Garden of AOah at the 
Comedy Theatre 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

"Lake Wobegon Days" 

vSemher 011 1029 

1050 The World Tonight 
1150 Today in Parliament 

11.15 The Rnandal World 

1150 Week Ending A satirical 
review of the week's 

12.00 News: Weather. 1253 
Shipping Forecast 
VHF (availatee in England and 
S. Wales cnM as above 
except 555-650ara Weather; 
TraveL 1150-1200 For 
Schools: 1150 Staging 
Together (s) 1120 
Conservation • Now 1140 The 
Music Bax (s) 1150 See 
For Yourself, 155-350 For 
Schools 155 Listening 
Comer. 205 Let’s Join In. 

225 listen and Read, 

240 Listen!, 550-555PM 
(continued), 1230-1.10 
Schools night-Ome 
broadcasting: Teenager 
Taking-. Work. 

( Radio 3 ) 

655 Weather- 750 News. 

755 Morning Concert Liszt 
' nc poem 


t and Rodney 
Bennett, pianos); Holst 
(The Lurie ballet music); Wall 

Dreigroschenniusik). 850 

855 Concert continued. 

Roussel JTrio, Op 40); . 
Mozart (Concert Ronco hi D. 
K 332. wrth Braudel and 
toe Academy of St Martin-in- 
t h e- no tok Debussy (La 

950 News 

8 55 This Week's Composer 

Gothenburg So play the 
Symphony Biol. 

1050 EasabethLeonskaa: 

piano recitaL Beethoven 
(Sonata in D minor. Op 31 No 
5- Chopin (Scherzo No 4 
in E. Op 54); Uszt (Rigotetto 

1050 Langham Chamber 
Orchestra: Haydn 
(Overture Ackse and 

GatateaV, Berkeley 
(Windsor Variations}; J C 
Bach (Snfenia In 6 

minor. Op 6 No 6). 

1120 Cyril Scott and C WOrr. 
Scott (Lufiaby. and other 

songs induong My lady 

sJeere. Love's quarrel, 
and me Vtfley ot Silence); 
Orr (Bahnhofstrasse. 
Redriem and other songs). 
PhriipDoghan (tenor) and 

1255 Midday Concert: I 

Scottish Orchestra, wtdi 
Linda Ftnnie (mezzo) Part 
one. Sibeiusr ' 


155 Conoercparttwoi 

Beethoven (Symphony 
No 5). 

140 Phmp Jones Brass 

Ensemble: John Gardner 
(Sonatina Lirica); Ewakt 
(Quintet in B flat minor. 

. 1 6 ): Howarth (Quntet, the 




Spirit of Bacn. Bach 

itxxg Concerto 
No 3); Honeeuar (Prelude. 
Arioso and Fughetta on 
the name of BACM Girod, 
ino); Hindemith 
unmermusik No 3, Op 36 
>2 (Ostertag, cetioy, 

(Concerto in D 
flat Dumti w ion Oaks) 

350 Scariattc Robert Woolley 
(harpsichord). A recital of 
sonatas in G me^or, Kk 259 
and 260; in D minor. Kk 
141; in F minor, Kk 69; In C 
r. Kk 144 and Kk 


450 Choral Veters: from 
Brompton Oratory. 455 

550 Mainly tor Pleasure: Fritz 
Spiegi with a selection of 
recorded music 

650 Music tor Guitar Istvan 
Romer plays works ty 
Sor (Variations on a theme of 
Mozart). Bogdanov*: 

(Blues and seven variations), 
and Walton (Five 

750 CeBo and Piano: Anssi 
Karthmen and Tuya 
Hakkfla perform works by 
Paavo H8Mnan( Deux 
chansons, and Aubadey, 
Martinu (Variations on a 
theme ol Rossini); Erik 
Bergman ( Quo vadis} 

745 Brahms and 

Rachmaninov: BBC SO. 
with Lazar Barman (piano). 
Part one. Brahms (Piano 
Concerto No 1); 

(Symphony No 1). Interval 
reading at 855. 

955 Russian Songs: Mary 
King (mezzof, Andrew 
8aB (piano). Three songs by 
Myaskovsky, from the 
Op 40; Five poems of Anna 

Akhamatova, Op 27 by 
Prokofiev; and Mussorgsky's 

On the River Dniepr. 

Lullaby, ate Gathering 

10.15 The Harlequin 

Years:tourth of Roger 
Nichols’s programmes about 
the musical Ute of Paris 
after the First world War. 
1150 Nocturne: 


1 .from Symphony No 7: 
Chicago SO): Chopin 
(Nocturne in E flat. Op 55 No 

2 PogoreBeh; piano); 
Schubert fNacntmusfc, D 
848 Bavarian Radio 
Chorus); FaBa (Night in the 
Gardens of Spain (Alicia 

de Larrecha^iano and LPO)- 
1157 News. 1250 Cbsedowrv. 

VHF only: Open University. 

From 655am to 655. The 19th 
C entury Novel: 1814, 

C Radio 2 ) 

450am, Cofin Berry (s), 650 
Ray Moore (s> 8JS ken Bruce (s), 
1050 Jimmy Young ind lectej 
problems answered by BfirThomas 

EUSS Huitetord (te. ^30 
Music afl the way (s). 450 David 
Hamilton (s). W» Jttan Dunn ind at 
645 (mf only) Sport and 
Classified results (3)550 Friday 
Night Is Music Night from the 
Hippodrome. (Sowers Green. 

London (s)5-15 The Organist 

entertains with Nigel Ogden (s), 

955 Sports desk. 1050 
Mooney’s Monday Magazine, 1050 
Black Magk; (with Stateay 
Black), 1140 Stuart Hall (stereo 
from midnight), 150 Peter 
Dickson presents NightrkMs) 
3 50450 A Little Night Music (5). 

( Radio 1 ) 

News on the half-hour from 
650 am until 950 pm and at 12.00 
midnlghtJ650am Adrian 
John, 750 Mike Read, 950 Simon 
Bates. 1230 Nswsbeat (Frank 
Partridge), 1245 Gary Davies. 3.00 
Paul Jordan. 550 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge), 545 Bruno 
Brookes, 750 Andy Peebles, 
1050-1200 The Friday Rock Show 
with Tommy Vance (s) 


.650 Newsdesk. 750 World News. 7 M 

Twenty-Few Hours 750 Jazz tram Eu- 

rope 745 Merchant Navy Programme 
B50 News 659 Rsflecnons 6.15 En^sh 

Song 650 Musk: Now 950 News 959 

Review of the British Press 9.15 The 

world Today 950 Fnenciai News 940 

Look Ahead 945 Breakfast at Tiffany* 

1050 News 1051 Tha Classic Albums 

10.15 Mer ch aw Nevv Prapamme 1050 

Business Mansis ll4o News 1159 News 

About Brtam 11.15 in the Meantime 1 L2S 

A Letter Frtm Northern Ireland 1U0 

Marfdan 1250 Rado Newsreel 1215 

Jazz For The Asking 1245 Sports 

Roundup 150 News £09 Twenty-Four 

Houratao John Peel 200 News 201 

Outlook 246 Leaerbok 200 Radto News- 

reel 21$ A Matter for Debate 450 Nows 
450 Commentary 4.15 Science in Action 

445 The World Today 550 News 559 A 

Letter From Northern Ireland 5.15 Sarah 

and Company 850 News 859 Twenty- 

Four Hours 815 Music Now 945 Foreign 
Affairs 1050 News 1059 The World 
Today 1055 A Letter From Northern 

feeiand 1050 FfewncW News 1040 Re- 

flections 1045 SportB Roundup 1150 
'11.15 Fra 

News 1159 Commentary 11/ 

50 TaOong About 

From The 

WMdM IIJOTeWng About Mwric 1200 

News 1259 News About Britain 121$ 

Radio NewsreeM230 About Britain 124$ 

Recording of the Week 150 News 151 

Outlook 150 The Classic Albums 145 
LenartxBC 200 News 259 Review Oi The 
British Press 215 Network UK 230 

People and PoWes 350 Naws 359 News 

About Britan 215 The World Today 230 

Trensaflafltic Quiz 450 Newsdesk 450 

That's Trad 545 The World Today. All 

' Mki GMT. 

BBd WALES g.aspre B.DO 
Wttas Today US-750 
Sporttofio 950-1055 ifs A TNnMtao 

Game 1055-11.10 A FestMl ol Mfatsd 

WeMi Voices 11.10-1200 Love 

1200-145 F9rrt SJ*.YS(1974> 

Suthartand) 140-145 News ant 
weather. SCOTLAND 55^w>-750 Re- 
porting Scotland 7404.10 
Tomorrow's VVortd. .Jn Kong Kong 210- 
0.15 Rrtgng Strings 1050-1050 
Left. Rrfrt and OmOb 1050-1155 A Fee- 
0*al of Mhed Welsh Voices 1155- 
155aa» Fine BustrtQ 0973) 155-1.10 

BdeUlskK 035-740 Cook wfehCtare 

155an»-1.10 News and weather. Qt- 

GLANO 1250-1230pm The Aka- 
ment Show. (NORTH EAST only) 036- 
750 Regional news magazines. 
BBC2 WALES 1150 bB- 1V22 
Oufloote attamattve tochnoF 

ogy-SIQLAND 000450 EAST East 

on Two. MIDLANDS Song of Gtoucesar- 
shire NORTH An Eno fa h ma n's Home 


WEST Manchester Central SOUTH 


Openers 150 Cnamal news end 
w ea harlJO Mr and Mrs 200 Arcade 

230 The Baron 230450 GMrvoa 
fi.12-fi.15 Puffin's PhKfice 650 Channel 
Report fbflowed by Tastes of China 

030-750 That's W»W YouTlank! 750- 

030 The Fa* Guy 1030 Jane's Diary 

1055 the Moviemakers 11.15 Snooker 

1215a* Ride Springfield 1.15 


150* North East Naws and 


Lookaround 1 JO Flnr The Hasty Haarr 
350 Home Cookery Club 225-X30 
North East News 5.1264S Joanie Lovea 
ChacM 650 Northern Lite 530-750 
What Would You Do? 750-230 The Fafl 

Guy 1032-1150 Extra Time 1215am 

Onsiian Catandar 1220 Close. 

GRANADA As London aw- 

com. 1230-150 Wish 
You Ware Hare-7 150 Granada Re- 
150 Fflm: The Trap 225 Granada 
1 230-450 The Yoonfl Doo- 
tors 5.15-545 The Bwerfr lOUfes 950 
Grenada Reports 650-750 The 
Cosby Show 750450 KhWit Rider 
1050 Snooker I215mn Ffirc The 

Blood Beast Terror 140 Ctasa. 


950 Weather 150 Calendar news 
155 Yourself 150 Fim: Operation 
Cupid* 255 Home Cookery CU> 200 

wish You Wwe Here-? 226-230 Calen- 

dar News 5.15-545 Dreams 650 
Catendar <50-750 DW rent Strokes 

75045OThe FsfGuy 1050 Snook- 

er 1215 am That’s HoBywood t24S 

ULSTER As London except: 

starts 955-950 The Dey 
Ahead 150 News At One 150 
Luicteime 150-350 Ftai Baled In Bh» 
230 Racdtectiom 2S8450 Ulstei 

news 5.T5546 The Beverly HNMfles 

650 Good Evening tester 

1 640-750 Advice vrith Anna 
750-850 Knight Rider 1027 
UWer news end weedier 1030 Witness 
1055-1 150 Barney MBer 1210am 


ANGLIA As London exc^X: 
COsalS 159 Anfl0a news end 
weeatwr 150 FarrrHourfn* (1953) 
025-250 AnMte naws B50-750 About 

AngDa 1030-11 50 Croas Question 

lilSaei The Message and the Music. 


News 150ACDuntryPf»ctioB230- 

350 On The Martwt3LS5450 Crime 

Deek 800 Scottish News and Scot- 

Magnum 1050-1150 Wins i 

1215am Late Cafl 12 

15am Late Ca9 1220 Close. 

CAT* 159 Countdown 150 Famdy 

SS£ Ties 200 Taro Nodyn 250 Stnrl 
Sbrl 25S Cipotwg 25S bwervel 350 

Snooker Diflux Sribsh Open 455 Car- 

toon Cammal 450 Y Corachod 550 
Mlsus Pabuxv S50 The Tube 750 

ddon tiaith 750 PobolYCwm 

news hsaeffnes 850 US O 

Fflm: Richards Thmgs 
0901) 1150 A week In potties 1215 

TfiU/ As London except 
iaa 150pm TSW news 150 Fine 
The Mountain (195^356 The Youw 
Doctors 357450 TSW news S.12-5.15 
Gus Honkybun's Magic Bklhdeys 
B59Today South West 655 Action South 
West 650-750 What's Ahead 750- 

850 Magnun 1052 Snooker 1215m 

view From TWs Side 1255 Port- 
script 1250 Weather, dose. 


Wish You Were Here.-? 2 j lF*ir 

On The Buses (1971)350- 00 The 

Yoixm Doctors 215-545 Nature Trafl 

tOO Lookaround Friday 856-750 Funny 

You ShouM Say That 1050*1150 

Border Live t2.lGam News Sunmary 
1218 Closedown. 

Hrat Thing 150 North Naws 150 
Thafs HoBwrood 250-350 The YeUpw 
Rosa 355550 North HearUhies 
650-7.00 North Tonight and Wbatar 750- 
850 Knight Rider 1050-1150 
CnnsfaB 1215am Naws Hoadlnes and 
Westhar 1250 Close. 

HTV WEST AsLondonex- 
ni Y wfH 1 es pt starts 955-950 
HTV News 150 HTV News 150 F*n: 

The Most Dangerous Man in the World 
355550 HTVNews 215-S4S Mr 
Smah 650 HTV Naws 950-750 The 
Good Neighbour Shew 1050 Your 
Say 1045The Year Was- 1«8 11.15 
Snooker 1215am Weather. Close. 


&OOpm-750 Wales at Six 1050- 
1150 The Dream That Neks - Wales and 
the Cinema 11.00-12l5am Snooker. 

TVQ As London except ataris 
-Ll2 B5Sam-950 TVS Outlook 150 

TVS News 150 Mr and Mrs 250 Ar- 

cade 230 The Baron 957-450 TVS 
News Mowed by QervDe5.i2-S.15 

News HeadSnes 650 Coast to Coast 

650-750 That's What You ThWd 

South 11.15 Snooker 1216am I 
wood Mac 1245 Wanted Dead or Alive 
1.15 Company. Closa. 

CENTRAL AsLondonax- 
==EL!-Sfi=cept 150 Central 
News 150 Fflm: Another Time, An- 
other Place* -(1968) 215 Magic. Magic 
355-350 Central News 5.1S-&45 
DWrera Strokes 650-750Central News 
750850 Knfght Rrder 1050 Snook- 
er I215mn rann The mcredble Mating 
Man (1977) 145 Close. 


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Belfast traders 
and employers 
against strike 

Nothing so toothsome as a winter 

Flraf raMfebed I7B 


Nonhem Inland's main 
manufuaurm and Belfast 
traders plan to open normally 
on Monday and hope their 
employees will turn up for 
work and ignore the “loyalist" 
leaders' call for a one-day 
strike in protest against the 
Anglo-Irish agreement. 

.As police and public utili- 
ties made contingency plans 
for dealing with the protest, 
Mr Peter Robinson. MP and 
deputy leader of the Demo- 
cratic Unionists, disclosed 
that the Ulster Workers' 
Council, which ran ihe 
loyalists' 1 5-day general strike 
in 1974. had been re-formed 
"to co-ordinate action in the 

The Government, employ- 
ers and trade unions spoke 
with one voice yesterday of 
the damage the stoppage could 
do to the province’s economy 
and prospects for investment 
while the province's unem- 
ployment figures reached a 
now record level ofl26.304. or 
21.7 per cent. 

Mr Tom King. Secretary of 
Stale for Northern Ireland, 
said the Unionists' strike call 
threatened the continuation of 
the union itself. 

"My fear is that the threat to 
the union could come from 
ihose who most claim to 
espouse it but are embarking, 
it appears, on a course which 
is in direct collision with the 
views of the sovereign parlia- 
ment of the UK. That is a very- 
serious matter indeed." he 

The protest action was also 
condemned by Mr lan Gow. 
the Conservative MP and 
former Treasury minister who 
resigned in protest against the 
signing of the Hillsborough 
agreement and who the loyal- 
ist leaders have regarded as 
their staunchest friend in Par- 

The Orange Order has 
called on its- members, about 
1 00.000. to support the action. 

The Ulster Defence Associ- 
ation. the paramilitary organi- 
zation which provided Ihe 
intimidatory muscle behind 
loyalist strikes in 1974 and 
1977. said it “echoed the 
politicians' concern fora non- 
violent protest. 

After Sir John Hcrmon. the 
RUC chief constable, met his 
senior officers in Belfast the 
police said they were in con- 
tact with the protest organiz- 
ers. “The purpose is to seek 
co-operation in ensuring that 
all forms of protest are peace- 
ful and within the law.'' the 
RUC said. 

In revealing the rebirth of 
Hie Ulster Workers' Council, 
now to be known as the 1986 
Workers' Committee. Mr 
Robinson strengthened specu- 
lation that he is the key figure 
and main architect of the 
loyalist action, pushing a re- 
luctant party leader, the Rev 
lan Paisley. 

He seemed to suggest that, 
far from being uninvolved and 
ignorant of strike planning, as 
Mr Paisley and Mr James 
Molyncaux. the Official | 
Unionist leader, had claimed 
they were in fact its inspira- 
tion. “The two leaders gave a 
clear call to the whole Ulster 
community to join Ihem in a 
day of action.*" Mr Robinson 

The Northern Ireland Elec- 
tricity Service, whose employ- 
ees were crucial to the success 
of the loyalists' 1974 general 
strike which toppled the pow- 
er-sharing executive at Stor- 
mont. said it was taking steps 
to ensure the maximum elec- 
tricity would be available. 

Belfast's two largest manu- 
facturing employers, the 
Harland & Wolff shipyard and 
Shorts* aircraft factories, 
which together employ about 
1 1 .000 people on 
neighbouring sites in East 
Belfast, are urging their em- 
ployees to go in normally. 

Transport links to mainland 
Britain, which are most at 
risk, arc the ferry services 
from Stranraer and the 
neighbouring Scottish port of 
Caimryan. into Larne. Dock- 
ers at Lame say they will strike 
from 7 am to 7 pm. 

Air services arc expected to 
continue unless firemen at 
Belfast's two airports walk 


Central Belfast traders, both 
the large chain stores and 
specialist retailers, decided 
yesterday io ignore the protest 

in doubt 

By Lacy Hodges, 

Tfae two sides «• the teachers' 
tny dispute were taring last- 
minute talks at the conciliar 
ddn service. Ac**. last night, 
as the eve of signing a 
doesment which b expected to 
bring peace to the schools. 

But there were signs that the 
provisional agreement drawn 
up under the anspacies of the 
Advisory. Conri&idoa and Ar- 
tnnatioo Service might not be 
confirmed at today's Burnham 
committee meeting if the 
teaching ureas coaid not give 
enough reassurance to the 
employers that their members 
would return to full corned 
duties once the 1985 dispute 
was out of the ray. 

The Acas agreement states; 
"The teachers* organizations 
undertake to take immediate 
steps with a view’ to the 
ce s s a tion of afi industrial ac- 
tion and a rerun* to full normal 

Racing may be at a 
standstill and the gallops 
frozen but horses still 
have to be exercised and 
what better way to get 
yourself in trim for the 
Flat season than a swim 
in an outdoor pool. 

The very thought is 
enough to send shivers 
down the human spine but 
Sound Fact, pictured 
above, obviously enjoyed 
every' minute of his daily 
dip when his trainer, Ray 
Hutchinson, led him 
round at his Reigate sta- 
ble yesterday. 

Hutchinson, son of the 
former leading Australian 
jockey, Ron, built a com- 
plex comprising pool, 
jacuzzi and heat-treat- 
ment room two years ago 
and now c laims it is 

"worth its weight in 

“Sound Fact loves the 
pool, especially when the 
water jets are on.” 

After pool exercise, 
each horse has a roll in 
the sand pit to remove the 
surface water and is then 
dried under the heat 
lamps before being 
groomed. And for any of 
Hutchinson's horses who 
do not relish the pool, 
more conventional ex- 
ercise in the form ofa hot- 
walker, pictured right, is 

Hutchinson, a qualified 
veterinary surgeon, is in 
his first year as a trainer 
and will have his first 
runners soon after the 
Flat season gets under- 
way on March 20. 

• ••• *" 2ES 

rr\ .. 

ssrrv fttcacs tm im Haas * m «, . 

■ww m-rm 


However, many members of 
the second biggest muon, the 
National Association of 
Schoolmasters/ Union of 
Women Teachers, are expect- 
ed to c on ti n ue to refuse volun- 
tary duties. 

Even the traditionally mod- 
erate Assistant Masters and 
Mistresses Association has 
advised its members that cov- 
ering for absent colleagues 
after the first day is vohmtary 
rather than contract u al. 

Mr Peter Smith, its assis- 
tant general secretary, said be 
endd understand why the 
employers were feeling sensi- 
tive. The biggest teaching 
a nion , the National Union of 
Teachers, is not a party to the 
Acts agreement 

• Acasanaomiced (be panel 
to su pe rv ise talks on the long- 
term problems of the teaching 
profession to begin once the 
dispote is om; 

Chief in clear 

The Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions has announced that 
no action is to be taken against 
Wiltshire Chief Constable 
Donald Smitb who admitted 
giving permission for illegal 
after-hours drinking in his 
force's own social dub. He 
reported himself to the DPP 
when be discovered be did not 
have the power to do this. 

.. „ » . 

Today’s events 

Roy al engagements 

The Prince of Wales visits the 
St Helens Trust. Watson Street 
Works. St. Helens, Merseyside. 
9.55: and then visits Gostins of 
Liverpool Workshops and 
Training School. Halewood. 
Knowsley. 11.10: Willy Wipers 
Workshops. Hide Street Indus- 
trial Estate. Liverpool. 12.15: 
the Albert Dock Complex. 
Liverpool 1 2.30; and later visits 
the Cavendish Workshops. 
Birkenhead. Merseyside. 14.05. 

Princess Anne inspects the 
Passing Out Course and takes 
the salute at Ceremonial Di- 
visions at HMS Royal Arthur. 
Corsbam. Wiltshire. II; and 
later visits P J Parmiler and 
Sons, Agricultural Engineers. 
Tisbury. Wiltshire. 3. 


New exhibitions 

Cadbury’s National Ex- 
hibition of Children’s Art; 
Derby City Museum and Art 
Gallery; Tues to Sat 10 to 5 
(ends April 4). 

Paintings by John Bellany; 
Fischer Fine Art Limited. 30 
King Street, SW I; Mon to Fri 10 
to 5 (ends March 27k 
Last chance to see 

Russian paintings by Vitality 
Komar and Alexander 
Melamid: Arts Council Gallery, 
Belfast, 10 to 6. 

Indian ink drawings by 
Renate Surbone; Quinton 
Green Fine Ait, 5/6 Cork Street, 
10 to 5.30. 

Mapping the Body; ICA, The 
Malt.SWI, 10 to 6. 

Work by Neil Joyce; The 
Talent Store Gallery. II 
Eccleston Street. SW1, 9.30 to 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No Id, 981 


1 Departed with Rugby player 
for tie (8). 

5 Bloomer occurs in confu- 
sion (6). 

9 Everyone's back in the wood 
in fall (8). 

10 Force party to shift (4,2). 

12 Even chess games, say, can 
be attractions (5). 

13 Obvious strain in grand 

. slam? Never* (9). 

14 European flier arrested with 
non-belligerent (8.4). 

18 Narrow view of bore seen 
on TV screen (6.6). 

21 *e ain't to be found drunk in 
bars, anyhow (9). 

23 Type something on en- 
velope (5). 

24 Lady barely able to avoid 
her husband's taxes (6). 

25 Make changes in no lax be- 
fore start ofdection (8). 

26 On the small side and rather 

27 Affliction for each one in a 
filthy place (8). 


1 Fish in river to reveal what's 
been secretly imported (6). 

2 ^ roric ’ perfaa P s ' in the drink 


3 Puts on accent — it’s attrac- 
tive (9). 

4 Existing expenditure (4A6). 

6 Criticizfi'cook in a way (5). 

7 Discretion is lacking, oddly, 
in this town (8). 

8 Flower people employed to 
look after cattle (8). 

I] Deep emotions from middle 

section of orchestra (5-7). 

15 Abandons ice-cream for a 
sort of cake (4«5). 

16 Ordered for five to nine at 
the table, say (8). 

17 Not just so? Indeed, it might 
be (3-5). 

19 I’m upset about rule in 

republic (6), 

20 Why. it’s said, sea’s rising 
fast (6)- 

22 Centre of forging activity in 
Italian village (5). 

The solution 
of eliminator 
No 16,980 
will appear 
on Thursday 
March 6 

Watercolour and collage by 
Dennis Davis; The Ginnel Gal- 
lery; Lloyds House. 16 LLoyd 
Street. Manchester, 9 to 5.30. 

Paintings, watercolours and 
echings by Teny McKinney; 
The Portico Library & Gallery. 

9.30 to 4.30. 

English and Welsh landscapes 
— work by Michael Carlo, 
Kenneth Leech, Gillian 
Stroudley and Frans 
Wesselman: Footstool Gallery, 
Sl John's. Smith Square, SWI, 

1 1.30 to 2.45. 

Welsh Gold — gold from the 
re-opened Clogau mine; Geo- 
logical Museum. British Mu- 
seum, Cromwell Road, SW7, 10 
to 6. 


Concert by the NCOS Sym- 
phony Orchestra: works by Mo- 
zart and Beriohc; The Chapel, 
King's College. Cambridge; 8. 

Recital by the Brodsky String 
Quartet: North Bromsgrove 
High School, Bromsgrove. 7.30. 

Concert by the Guildhall 
Sinfonia: works by Mozart and 
Tippett; Guildhall School of 
Music and Drama, Barbican, 

Jazz by the George Russell 
Orchestra: Royal Northern Col- 
lege of Music. Concert Hall 
Manchester. 7.30. 

Piano recital by Pierre Vallet; 
St James's Church, Piccadilly, 
Loudon: 1.10. 

Harpsichord recital by Ivor 
Bolton; Si James’s Church, 
Piccadilly; 7.30. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta, works by Rodrigo, 
Respighi, Copland and Falla, 
7.30; Harp recital by leuan 
Jones, 7. 30; Wyvem Theatre, 

Piano recital by Paul Burke; 
Grundy Art Gallery. Queen 
Street. Blackpool, 12.45. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra: works by 
Verdi. Glazunov, Saint-Saens 
and Berloiz: Guildhall. 
Southampton. 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 

Sarah Siddons. by Wendy 
Nelson -Cave; Museum of Lon- 
don. London Wall; 1.1 0. 

The Relics of Saint Culhbert, 
various lecturers; Vaughan Col- 
lege, Leicester, today and to- 
morrow 7.30, 9.30 and 5. 

Gods in Human Form; Greek 
sculpture, by Patsy Vanags: 
British Museum. Great Russel] 
Street. WCl. 1 1 JO. 

Ruisdael: A pool surrounded 
by water, materials and tech- 
niques of painting; Room 26, 
The National Gallery, Traflagar 
Square. I. 

Food prices 


Supplies of home grown veg- London and SonUi — fr ; A* East- 
e tables have been badly affected a °**y de^-in Cromyefl ■» *• 
by the coM weather, Cauli- 

Gowers, cabbages, spnng greens restrictions between ctvswoi street aril 
and root vegetables, areal) likely East Bond: dateyt from Kings Cross and 
to be in short sudoIv aithouzn Wktgton kxvardo tho C8y. NE2S- Oo bow 
” J r tUTJTS ctosaJ W of junction IS on antktockwfee 

part ol the shortfall may be cantogeway; delays from Ml and A405. 
made up by imports. Potatoes 9- Tbe swumd*: *41; Temporary traffic 
Up alb, carrots 20-25p,nusaips 

^.H 5P ’irL?n.*.° n fi'ffi 31111 ^ taf ^~ MS t^gBfto wbOftw^ju nctkxr^ 
swedes 10-20p, all from store, are (M123 Outlay and armnghara W] Hid 
good value. Mushrooms, grown 3J* 456 Hatoaowen and Hr- 

*«*: ** V*** lane 

dilions and so not affected by reotrictlono on bom carriageways be- 
the weather, are between 30p s ““°" ‘ — “ — ■ ** — * ** 
and 60p a 'Alb. Calabrese (green 
broccoli) from Jersey. Spain and 
Italy may seem expensive at 
90p-£l_20 a lb but there is no 
waste. Celery at 30-46p a bead 
and Chinese leaves 40-50p a lb 
are salad standbys and can also 
be served hot. 

twean junctions 22 and 23 (MGS 
Chepstow and B4245 Magoi). A30: Road 
Bnpnnemems on ttw Horton to Exeter 
road at Country House, WMmpole. 

The Norm: MIS: Doncaster to ShsffiaM 
Ink road cknsd tar work to Mermen Hal 
Bridge; diversion sfcjnposSd- M63; Ac- 
cess and axil tedMes at Mnction S from 
BS213 Urmston Road, Stratford, have 
bean withdrawn pwum i a rtt y owing to 
work in connection, with new Carrington 

, Cold wraSer .aalljr ata,,* 
fates meat sales, but prices have Chest**; car* required. . 
remained fairly steady. Scettand: fM: Temporary iWte on 
airatary have beef topsdeand 

satverside on special offer at Myrtle Rood. MBt Single Bne traffic with 
£1.86 a lb and New Zealand tajporaryightejour mlm -N of Spean 

lamb down by 20p a lb to £1.18 Brtd °*i5SSa5SSSSiSi to a* 

for whole leg and £1.08 for i 

cutlets. Dewhurst and Baxters Tnn Fflme 

are promoting pork and poultry. A w ” r 111118 

with pork leg steaks at£l .39 alb, — — 7 — ~~~~~ ~ — 

half legs 89p, and pork and The top bmt-ofBca Sms in Lon- 

nruitfrv m/>lre fnr CA QO wink OOIE 



Troughs of low p res sure w9I 
push into the extreme S hot a 
ridge of high pressure will 
persisfacross the N. 

6am to midnight 

London, SE, centals En^tewtCtoody. 
outbreaks of mow, moderate accumuta- 
bpns in places, with drifting; wind E strong 
locMty gate fan*: max temp 1CC34F). 

Bast Aogfla, E Wdtamta: Beconang 
cftwdywWi outbreaks of snow, mode rat e 
accumulations in places, with dr if ting 
wind E « ME fresh or strong Jocafly gate 
force; max temp 1C J34FJ- 
E, HE Ft wHi re fc Sumy periods, scat- 
tered snow showers; wkid E moderate or 
fresh; max lamp 2C (36 F)l 
W MktaKta, SW engtand. S Wales: 
Cloudy, occasional snow, sight to mod- 
erate accumutefioi® in places, wflh drtfi- 
hg; wind NE strong to gate fan* max 

Channel M s ndi; Mostly cloudy, occa- 
sional rate or sleet; wind NE 6«h or 
strong kxafly gala ton* max tamp 3Q 

silverside on special offer at 
£1.86 a lb and New Zealand 
lamb down by 20p a lb to £1.18 
for whole leg and £1.08 for 
cutlets. Dewhurst and Baxters 
are promoting pork and poultry, 
with pork l» steaks at£l .39 a lb, 
half legs 89p, and pork and 
poultry packs for £4.99 each. 
Safeway have frozen minced 
beef at 79p and whole fresh pork 
leg at 89p a lb; Tesco boneless 
brisket of beef £1 .48 and grade A 
fresh chicken quarters 84p a Hr. 
Fine Fare braisii^ steak £1.52 a 
lb: Asda fresh chicken 69p a lb; 
Be jam rib eye steaks £2J9 a lb. 
lamb chump chops 99p and 
chicken breasts £3.69 for a 4 lb 
pack; Marks & Spencer butter , 
basted turkey breast and bone- ! 
less turkey roast each £2.44 and 
£1.64 respectively. 

Fish supplies and quality are 
good, and many prices are 
down. Best buys include large 
cod down 2p to an average of 
£1.68 a lb. haddock £L7L, whit- 
ing £1214. plaice £1.86, coley 
88p and smoked haddock £1.74. 


Births: Sir John Tenniet, 
cartoonist and illustrator (Alice 
in Wonderland), London. 1820. 

Deaths: Henry James, Rye. 
1916; Arnold Dolaetsch, pio- 
neer of revival of early music, i 
Haslemere. 1940; Maxwell 
Anderson, playwright, Stam- 
ford. Connecticut, 1959; 
Rajendra Prasad, 1st {Resident 
of the Republic of India 1950- 
62, Patra, 1963. 

•1 Commando 
2(1 ) Spies Like Us 
3(2) Rocky IV 
4M) Back to the Future 
5(3) A Chorus Line 
6(5) Kiss of the SpkJsr Woman 
7 (-) Agnes of God 
8») Teen Wolf 
9(8) My Beautiful- Laundrette 
10(9) Death In a French Garden 
The top Sms in tbe provinces: 
t Rocky IV 

2 Spies Like Us 

3 Teen Wolf 

4 A Chorus Line 

5 Back to the Future 
St*pa*d oy 5 omh Mwmtfaraf 


Hu! CT. rT^^ET/r^ 

Top video rentals 

1(1} Rambo: first Blood 2 
1 2(3) Grandlns 
3fi ) Ghostbusters 
4(10) Mask 
5 (4 ). Beverly tats Cop 
6(5) NevenOTdmg Story 
7(6) The Terminator 
8(33) The Last Dragon 
9(31) Cut and Run 
10(7) The Mean Season 
Supplied by wnoams . 

Parliament today 

Commons (9 JO): Debate on 
Business Sponsorship of the 

The pound 

Prize Crossword In The Times tomorrow 

Concise Crossword page 14 

- 1 34 sunny