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No 62,334 





THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 




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Tomorrow 


Datelines r ‘ 
Chamberlain’s birth* 
Kipting’-s death' .-v . - 
Anniversaries of 1986 


martial ait that- s . 
ideal for women -J: 

Old-fashioned? 
David. Watt lakes 
a critical look 
at his own vahies 

No winners . 
DavidMller oh the 
ILEA’S, resistance : 
to competitivesport 


arrive 


- r :i — .»>. 


• A teainof American. businessmen 
anired iff Britain yesterday fn ramp aign 
for acceptance of.tfa^r- 'Westland helicop- 
ters T*scirepaCka^ 

• Supporters of theSikorsky bid say drat 
unlike the roal European consortium’s 
package, flttir proposals confcamno threats 
aiidnofayonrs. S' i. 


fl^Tbe Cabinet wrangle contfamed with: 
conflict over wording of die Prime 
Minister’s reply to Westland's request for 
assurances on future government work. 

-# In Whitehall, the two sides continued 
arguments' over jobs, government contracts 
and outside markets. 




Yesterday's Times ' Portfolio 
competition prae o££2#00 .was. 
won by Mr Peter Woodrow of 
Enfield, Middlesex. Portfolio 
list, page l6- Bnfas and Jurar&r. 
play. Information Servfce,bflck 


• •' By Philip. Webster, PtditicalReporter 

■ • • A team of prominent officials- what they said were “miscon- Westland might not get the cast 
mom United Technologies and options’* put out by other iron assurance it wanted. 
Sikoisky, the American com- government sources in favour It was dear last night that the 
-'panics engaged in the straggle ofiheEoropeandeaL ■ ■•‘.V American-Italian combination 
.. future of Westland' At the same time it emerged plans to take a much high er 


Afghanistan 
k gives pullout 
timetable 

The Afghan Government, has] 
infoiinalJy presented, a time- 
table for the. withdrawal of all 
Soviet troops from. Afghanistan 
within a dne^ear period as part 
of an overall; accord, a- senior 
US State Department officer 
disclosed Page 8 

Airport role 
for troops 

The militar y could well take a 
grrater' role in airport security; 

i Mf Michael Spicer, minister for 
aviation, said , when he- visited 
Heathrow r to: see a security 
exercise involving troops -ana; 
armed police. Page-Z 


to defeat the counter European Ministry of Defence and the ing which will decide on a 
offer backed by Mr Michael ■ Department of Trade"' and rescue package. The move 
H^seldna, the Secretary of State Industry on -Tuesday over the reflects the view that Mr 
for Defence.’ contents of the reply, the Prime Hcsehine and other- supporters 

With - Westland's share- "Minister will send. today to the of the European deal have been 
holders being Sent" details of the W es»janri ' rfiajnruwi T f>frn making the running in the 
European consortium's _£73.T Cockney, who has "asked for propaganda battle: 

. milh pn bid. today, the" arrival of 'assurances that -Westland's Company officials are mak- 
tbe Americans, who. .will be participation, in joint' European ing themselves . available to 
£)ined by -representatives from projects would not be jeopar- Westland board members and 
Fiat, their. Italian, .partners- dized if- it takes the American any shareholders who want to 
:hmghtened-speculgtibn that an offer. see them. Sources dose to the 

improved ofier will :be put to Mrs Thatcher consulted Mr bid said last night that the offer 
.the company -soon .to secure the _Leon Brittan,the Secretary: of was coherent,' well-balanced 
• • . • . ■ State for Trade and Industry, and, unlike the European deal, 

. ■ . sources close to the Mr Heseltine, and other govern- contained “no threats and no 

AmencanrItah an rncy whiie opt . jaent departments.- Mr Hesel- favours", 
rulmgont an improvement m tine is understood to have The cam pai g n will concen- 

ai ^ ucd * fer longer reply trate on the potential benefits to 
tban 11131 snggested by Mr Westland of building the 
Snttan. .. • Sikorsky Black Hawk helicop- 

md its shareholders _th^ their While both agreed that the ter, which it is said could 
prcsentjiffe r is s uperi or to that company should be- told there . transform the company's pros- 
$££? E ^ pcan J X) ? : ?S? 1 ^t f d would - be no- question of pectsin terms of markets and 
gntish Aerospace, GEC, MB8. discrimination against it by the - wort It is understood the 

Ministry of Defence, ■ Mr Hesel- company will be told that it can 
tarrranceand Agusta mltaly. tine wanted it spelt out. that the build up to 250 Black Hawks, 

The^ armpl^ of, Sucppky Government could not .of provided the customers can be 

^ oourse bind ‘ the European found. 

““Panies to allow Westland American bid sources also 
batrc over Westland as rovern- m to collaborative deals. argue that the private sector 

meat-sources generally friendly That view was aDnarently snimion is nreftrahle for Wes- 


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towards the . A merican-It alian supported by the law-officers, 
solution . intervened to correct and jt -was said last night that 


That view was apparently solution is preferable for Wes- 
pported by the law officers. _ 

riit -wm 4id !*« nierht that -Coutmiied on hack page, col I 


Sam Spiegel, the legen dary 
Hollywood producer who made 
The fridge onthe Hirer Kwaf 
and Lawrence of Arabia, has' 
died- Obtteary,page 14 

'Back-page' 

. z' • . r s ■. 

Cabinet quits 

Pakistan Cabinet mtanbJisliaTne ■ 
offered ' .to 

. allow the restructuring of the 
| Government after; the repeal .of - r 
martial law ' ' .. Pi«e7 - 

Test-tube quartet 

Four test-tnbe babies, .three 
boys and a~gui, were bom at the 
Humana .Hospital' Wellhigtbh, 
St John’s" Wood, . London, on 
NewYearYDay. Page 3 

Fewer failures 

Business feihires r m’ England 
and Waies feH for the first time 
in seven , years in 1985, by 3.5 
per cent to 20,943 - . P^ge 17 

i Beach battle 

Riot police opened Ifire bit 
thomandyof blacks storming an j 
lndians-only .beach, in Durban, ! 
terrifying rathers and attack- 
ing cars with stones and bottles. 

- Mandetarethink, page 5 

* 

James triumphs 

The names- .of James : and.! 
Elizabeth remained the parents’,] 
most popular dnnees for their 
children, according to a reader’s . 1 
analysis of anhouncements in 
The Times in-1985 -, : : 

letters, page 13 : - 

GEC sued 

Plessey is suing GEC in the US, 
claiming GEC fefled to extend 
its £IJ2 billion takeover offer to 
Plessey’s American share- 
holders Page 17 

Endangered fish: 

The Food and . Agriculture' 
Organization is sending an 
official to London for urgent 
ralitCj after warnings that the 
waters off the Falk lands are 
being seriously over-fished 


Television first 

AU but 2 per cent of British 
households now have a tele- 
vision set, wh3e 3 per cent lack 
exclusive use of indoor baths or 
lavatories Page 3 

Geldofbar 

Bob Geldof was barred from the 
honours list- because he is Irish 
and his famine relief, wotfc was 
outside tiie Commonwealth, 
Whitehall sources said. Page 2 


Angry Peres lashes 
®LQ Libya links 

Fwim fan Murray, Jerusalem ' 

A '-dear demand for. inter- Abu Nkfal a “PtO offspring”, 
national .aactions iagmnst all Appa«m% responsible for last 
i CdttutrieS that" hclpt terrorists, week’s' attacks . in ’ Rome and 
and especially against Libya, . Vienhat," during 1985 it had 
jwas. made:_ yesttxxlay by.- hfr -carcied,out .33-attacks in which 
Shfinoit; Feres,' the Israel Prime about 90. people were itiUed and 
•l®hister> '-.; ■ 3S0w6unded, he saidi 

fa a hanljhjtttnft statement to “This organization does not 

:die^ ^ -J&iesseJ.^be.vcidJed fw exist in outer space”, -he said, 
intemgtioprf collaboration. “It has bases in defined places 
-backed by deepened intelligence on this planet It has bases of 
ties between \ responsible operation in Syria and in Libya, 
countries "^to put an end to this "-'Libya was not merely a state 
'ugly and dangerous hybrid”.- ' in which- crime exists but a one 

‘-- He - was ; critical of the deals in crime in all possible 
;?fotgivenessrr and :• Ukeminded- forms: organized crime, state 
iiess of some Western countries- .crime, disguised crime, crime 
towards- “the chief- 'terrorist '■ other countries and 

organization, the - 'Palestine- crime against' individuals 
Liberation Orga n izati o n.”. - _ ' He said: “From Libya come 
-/The PLO had for years been- persons ' bearing pistols with 
Sven the. benefit' of assu mp- silencers, .-.arid to- L it return 
tipns which bad no • basis ux .persons who have committed 
reality. On<? was that it .would cold-blooded murder. Libya 
charge character, from a violent finances terrorism, holds recep- 
to a political org an ization. t fopq for terrorists and issues 

. A second, he said, was that' declarations lauding their sup- 
tile FLO comprised extremists posedly heroic operations." 
and moderates:' “It is no He said > that if forgiveness 
consolation to the: murdered towards violent organizations 
thatafler their murder words of does not stop, if the countries 
consolation . and: regret are abetting murder are not struck 
uttered”. ' at, the war agzunst terrorism will 

-He called the ^oup run by never be wonJ” - 

Belgians interrogate two 
Arabs on airport killings 

1 From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Two suspected Arab - terror- said one was travelling on a 
ists who arrived 'm Brussels the 'passport : which registered him- 1 
day after the oiassacreS'at Rome as a suspected terrorist when it 
and Vienna airports last week was fed into the airport j 
have been arrested by Belgian immigration computers. Police ; 
police. . " . ' # said one of the men bad 

The ; Belgiah Public Pros- attended a “terrorist training ! 
ccutor’s office confirmed.; that camp” in Lebanon, 
the two men: were being held Belgian police uncovered a 
bat declined to-give their names large cache of arms mod bomb- 
er nationalities. ' J The police making' equipment when they 
would .not say .whether they followed the two Arabs to the 
were definitely ;iinked to the; home- of an illegal arms dealer 
attacks at the two airports. who met them at the airport 
Authorities: in Western The dealer, a Belgian, took 
Europe have been co-ordi n ati n g - them to a video shop in Hasselt, 
a search for suspected Arab. 40 miles fiom Brussels, which 
terrorists with, the Unified = fc has used as a cover for gun- 
Staies in the after math of the running activities, 
massacres. The police: found explosives 

The two men being ques- .at the shop and in the dealer’s 
tioned in Belgium amved at hewne, . leather with forged 
Brussels airport on Saturday passports and machine-guns, 
from Athens. Police sources rifles and hand grenades. 


/Maxwell 
warning on 
redundancy 
; shortfall 

— By Dave Felton 
Labour Correspondent 

• Mr, . Robert Maxwell, 
publisher of Mirror Group 
Newspapers,- last night warned 
union leaders that be will dose 
his newspapers for 18 months 
unless- agreement can be 
reached on 96 redundancies. 

. Mr Maxwell told a meeting 
of senior managers and union 
officials that there was a 
shortfall in' the number of 
redundancies agreed with the 
anions under the company’s 
survival plan, . which involves 
the loss of about 1,600 jobs. 

The shortfall is confined to 
three chapels (office branches), 
two in Sogat ’82 and one in the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion. Attempts were being made 
last night to resolve the dispute 
over the reluctance of the 
members of the three chapels to 
accept voluntary redundancy. 

* Union officials leaving the 
meeting with Mr Maxwell 
gained the impression that the 
closure threat was to take effect 
immediately, but a company 
official said later that The 
Mirror ' was being produced . 

. normally and there was no | 
suggestion of an early shut- I 
down of the group. r 

Mr MaxweU warned the 
unions last November that, 
unless he had agreement on the 
redundancies by January 1, the 
company’s newspapers would 
close for 18 months while he 
sought a “green field” site on 
which to build a new printing 
plant. 

- The publisher told the 
meeting that those unions 
Which had agreed on their 
redundancy figures, including 
the electricians, journalists, 
engineering workers and white 
collar draftsmen, would be paid 
“for the time being” if there 
was a shutdown. 

Tourists killed 

Two Chileans and eight Ameri- 
can tourists died when their 
Cessna 404 crashed into a 
glacier near a Chilean base on a 
trip to Antarctica. 


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Constable James McCandless (left) and reserve 
constable Michael Williams, who died in the explosion. 

IRA midnight blast 
kills 'two policemen 

From Our Correspondent, Belfast 


Church bells were still ringing 
in the new year yesterday when 
the Provisional IRA made its 
first attack of 1986 against the 
security forces in Northern 
Ireland, killing two policemen 
and seriously injuring a third. 

Several pounds of commer- 
cial gelignite hidden in a litter 
bin in the centre of Armagh, 
Ireland's ecclesiastical capital, 
were detonated by radio com- 
mand at a minute past midnight 
as an RUC patrol checked shop 
in Thomas Street 
• A 38-year-old regular officer 
and a reservist walking past the 
bin were killed instantly. The 
third member of the patrol, a 
reservist on the opposite side of 
the road, suffered severe leg 
injuries. 

The men who died were 
Constable Samuel Andrew 
McCandless aged 38, a married 
man with two children who 
joined the police four years ago, 
and full-time reserve Constable 
Michael Jonathan Williams, 
aged 24, who joined the RUCR 
in 1984. He was married, but 
had no children. Both men 
lived at Portadown and were 
stationed in Armagh. 

Three terrorists had taken 
over a house nearly six hours 
earlier, holding the family at 
gunpoint- They escaped im- 
mediately after the blast. Some 
residents said they heard several 
shots fired. 

With a heavy military cordon 


sealing the area, police later 
flooded on to the Callan Bridge 
Estate, a republican area only a 
quarter of a mile away, to make 
house-to-house inquiries. The 
RUC said that it was checking 
on the whereabouts of some 
known people and was search- 
ing some houses. 

Admitting responsibility for 
the double murder the Pro- 
visional IRA said both the place 
and time were deliberately 
chosen, and promised more of 
the same for the new year. 

“We chose what was con- 
sidered a “safe area’ for the 
enemy and decided to strike 
witbiD the initial minute of the 
new year to demonstrate our 
capcity to strike wherever and 
whenever we so decide. 

‘Those who maintain British 
rule in Ireland should take note 
of this and be aware right 
through 1986 we shall endeav-. 
our to stike with increasing 
effectiveness. Extra British 
troops, more RUC and in- 1 
creased UDR activity won’t 
stop us" 

fa the statement the Pro- 
visional IRA likened their 
position to that of the blacks in 
South Africa and like them, 
they said, they had no option 
but to fight, and to fight well. 

There is little doubt that the 
attack will affect RUC morale 
in the shorter term though it 
came immediatley after the end 

Continued on back page, col 6 


United’s happy new year 


A crowd of 43,095 took the 
opportunity to dear their new 
year hangovers in the heady 
atmosphere of Old Tra fiord 
yesterday, and saw Manchester 
United increase their breathing 
space at the top of the first 
division with a 1-0 victory over 
lowly Birmingham City. 

With Liverpool held 2-2 at 
home by Sbeffield Wednesday, 
and Chelsea's match with West 
Ham United postponed, Colin 


Home News 24 
Overseas . 4-8 

Apptg 14,26 
AsshgeDfogy 14 

Arts 15 
Books II 
Business 16-29 
Court . 14 
Crosswords 10,28 
Diary 12 

Feat&res 10.1 


Law Report 


tad letters 13- 
Obfimry 14 
Science 14 
Sport 20-23 
TV&Radfa 27 
Theatres, etc 27 
Ikhodoa 14 
Weather \ 28 
WIUs ’ W 



Tories 


Thirty years ago when. 
Britain’s non-white population 
was Less than 2 per cent of its 
present level; the Conservative 
gonverment secretly planned to 
restrict Mack immigration. 

A Cabinet .paper Of, 1955 
released yesterday under Che 
rule .which protects official 
records for at least 30 years, 
speaks of “the social -conse- 
quences of foe increasing flow 
of West Indian immigrant* into 
this cpnntiY being sufficiently 
serious to compel the Govens- 
-Tnent 1o take action”, The- 
Home Secretary - Mr . Gwilym , 
fioyd George expressed 2uS 
‘deep worry at the “influx” of 
Indians and Pakistanis, then 
srrrvingJn Britain at ’the rate of • 


By David Walker, Social Policy Correspondent 
between 6,000 and 7,000 a immigration officials at entry bower were dose enough for 
year. -. ports could be encouraged to the latter to want to pamt a 

* m s ‘ a .a a a a a? m m . naatmit nf tTia Pr i w i n kftntcfm* 


yeaiv. 

. Senior Conservatives, includ- 
ing Sir 'Winston Ct Tchill, 
Prime -Minister .mtio April 
1995, and Lord Salisbury, Lord 
President of the Comicffi are on 
record fearing for. Britain's 
“racial stock”. Other Cabinet 
members saw the problem as 
inadequate housing for die new 
arrivals in south London and 
Bironhgham. The Cabinet 
agreed that hgfolation was 
necessary “soonecaar later”. 

• -But 'in -the event they coaid 
not agree on how non-white 
immigrants from tfae c olonies 
could ho controlled without 
Britain appearing to discrimi- 
nate. racially, though one 
minister pointed -out that 


u exercise such discrimination 
as we think desirable”. 

The problem was shelved: a 
Cabinet committee was set up 
and legislation to control 
Commonwealth immigration 
was deferred until 1961* 

The Cabinet papers for 1955, 
heavily “weeded” by the Civil 
Service, to excise any reference 
to such sensitive matters as 
Princess Margaret’s relation- 
ship with . Group Captain 
Townsend and relations with 
Egypt, in the year before the 
5uez expedition. But disclos- 
ures include: 

. $ The uneven state of 
Anglo-American . relations. 
Churchill and President Eisen* 


the latter to want to paint a 
portrait of the Prime Minister 
and refer to- QuuchiU's being 
easier to paint In his wartime 
boiler suit than in statesman’s 
pin-stripes. But Anthony Eden, 
who succeeded Ctaurdbm dur- 
ing 1955, did not trust John 
Faster Dulles, the American 
Secretory of State 
• The decision, several years 
before it became pnbtic, to 
purchase American artillery 
capabl of carrying nuclear 
shells to be deployed in Europe 
m Military planning to bomb 
Israel in the event of a breach 
of the pact by which Britain 
guaranteed Jordan's security 
O Discussion abonr requiring 
hbuse builders to install nu- 


clear shelters in all new 
dwellings 

• The British refusai to allow 
the early release of imprisoned 
Admiral Doenitz, the German 
war criminal, on the grounds 
that he was young and able 
enough to lead a nationalist 
revival in West Germany 

0 Successive Cabinet orders 
to the BBC to change or delete 
programmes on such subjects 
as industrial relations and 
Cyprus. 

• Trouble with the IRA 
including the theft of anus and 
ammunition from British Army 
barracks the Prime Minister 
ordered “Tmobtrusive h pre- 
cautions. 

Israel bombing plan, page 2 


Gorbachov 


-SL 

pledges of peac^ 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 
President Reagan and Mr resolve armed regional con- 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Soviet flicls. _ 
leader, addressed each Cher’s But in general his address was 
peoples on television yesterday, a far cry from the rancorous 
promising to reduce mistrust speeches he used to deliver 
and suspicion, to make drastic against the Soviet Union,' which 
cuts in nuclear arsenals and to he once described as ?n evil 
bring about lasting peace. empire. “The American people 
The leaders, their speeches do not wish the Soviet people 
free of polemics and recrimi- any harm," he said yesterday, 
nation, dedicated the super- Both addresses mirrored" the 
powers to striving to lift the new constructive spirit of 
threat of nuclear destruction. relations born at their Geneva 

The addresses, the first of summit in November. Mr 
their kind, together reached a Reagan even attempted some 


potential audience of more than 
500 million people. It was 1pm 
in Washington and 9pm in 
Moscow when the simultaneous 
broadcasts began. To Ameri- 


The Soviet Luisa has infor- 
mally suggested September for 
a summit in V/ashL-.gtca 
between President Reagan and 


cans, Mr Gorbachov said: I see Mr Gorbachov. The United 
a good augury in the way we are Slates had tentatively proposed 
beginning the New Year.” Ajid late June for the follow-up to 
to the Soviet people Mr Reagan the Geneva summit, 
declared: “Let's work together. Administration officials said 
a 3- earo ^P eace ‘” . *h e suggestion, which was 
Without directly mentioning conveyed through the Soviet 
his _ controversial Star Wars Embassy in Washington, did 
mitiauve, Mr Reagan who read not amount to an outright 
closely from his autocue, said rejection of the Jane date, 
both the US and the Soviet September was apparently 
Umon were separately research- preferred by Moscow to give 
ing the possibilities of applying anns-control negotiators in 
new technologies to the cause of Geneva more time to work out 
defence, relying increasingly for agreements, 
security on defence systems that 

threatened no one. Russian. “Let us look forward 

to a future of Chest ovc Kvebo 


“If these technologies become l 5"- “5. '° OK J 0 ™™ 

a reality it is my d£im to one 

day free -is all from the threat of ^ c fJ mankmcL 

Thank you. Spauko . 


nuclear destruction.” he said. 

It is understood that last 


Gorbachov, 


night's exchangeof messages Reagan ’ emphasized that the 
was agreed only in. recent days ^ffaXlSfoi^ob^ue 


Considerable^ significan're 5 ^has 
been read into The Kremlin’s S? 2 ? 


eventual agreement. 


opposes, he said: “It is senseless 
to seek greater security for 


Mr Gorbachov’s broadcast, oneself through new tvpes of 
which like Mr Reagan s was weapons 

video-taped over the weekend Callin g for 2 cul in nuclear 
and made available to tele- arsenals and keeping space 
networks^ yesterday peaceful, he said he v.-ould very 
forough each others embassies, much !ike ^e Geneva arms 
began with the Soviet leader control tal ks to be successful 
striding across the room ^5 vear 


towards a heavily ornate desk 
standing before a backdrop of 


The Soviet leader added that 


patterned green wall covering, he and Mr Reagan, as leaders 
The US networks, which used and as human beings, were able 
an official Soviet translation, at the Geneva su mm it to take 
broadcast Mr Reagan's address . e steps towards overcom- 


immediately afterwards. 


ing mistrust and to “activate the 


In a dig at alleged Soviet fector confidence". But he 

human rights violations, Mr 6?ve. warning that the gap 
Reagan said progress in resolv- adding them was sull wide. To 
ing humanitarian issues in a £g d .*f . ll 'Y° uld be easy, 
spirit of cooperation would to a Bridging that gap would be a 
long way towards making 1986 ,cat '5 feal People arc 
a better year for all. With ready to peiform for the sake of 
Afghanistan in mind, the world peace’. 


President said he had proposed 
several concrete steps to help to 


Full texts, page 8 
Leading article, page 13 


$160bn US deficit likely 


The worsening US trade 
deficit - expected to roach $160 
billion (£111 billion) in 1986 - 
is casting doubts on world 
economic growth prospects. It 
also raises the question whether 
the dollar has fallen enough to 
improve Washington’s trade 
balance. 

For the first 1 ! months of last 
year the deficit totalled $131.8 
billion and analysts expect the 
figure for the whole of 1985 to 
have grown to $145 billion. 


The trade figures for 
November show a trade deficit 
of $13.68 billion, compared 
with $11.45 billion in October, 
despite a healthy export per- 
formance. 

Exports for the month rose by 
3.5 per cent to $17.98 billion, 
with increased overseas sales of 
aircraft and pans, office equip- 
ment and cgricluiural products. 
Cars and other manufactured 
exports held up well. 

Detail, page 17 



Starts Wednesday 8th January 9am to 7pm 
Great Reductions on Harrods Cutlery 


Gibson's goal put United five 
points clear of Evert on. 

In the second division, wins 
for Norwich City and Ports- 
mouth helped them open up a 
six-point lead. But in the news 
for the wrong reason was Gary 
MacDonald, of Darlington, the 
first player to be sent off in 
1986. 

In raring, Phil Tuck has been 
replaced by Peter Scudamore as 
the regular rider of Burrough 
Hill Lad. Pages 20-23 







Highest quality silver-plated 
nickel diver cutlery in various 
patterns, guaranteed for over 
thirty yean. Solid bard wood 
walnut-finish canteens in three 
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niostrated: ’Bead' pattern. 

127-piece set, including 
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Harrods Orig. Price 
£1818 

Sale Price £1,050 

Interest-free Credit 

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Not shown: 

71 piece set for 8 persons. 

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87-piece set, including fish-eaters, for 8 penons. 

Hotrods Orig. Price £U98 Sale Price £725 

Silver & Cutlery Ground Fk*fc Carriage free orer a wide area. 

All reductions am fiom Harrods previom pikes. 

Interest-free Credit Agreements wife 10 equal monthly payments, 
buliidizig deposit available on selected items of cntleiy oror £250, 
tee example given. Ask for written details. 

Sale Opening Hours: Wednesday 8th Jantmiy 9am to 7pm, Huusday 9th 
January to Saturday 18th January 9am to 6 pm- Monday 20th January to Kshj’ 
3ld Januar y Qarn in 5 pm. Wednesdays 9am to 7pm. Saturdays 9am to opm- 








•assess. m-UCRS£m> 

vSSESSr -*»=- 



I lKMGHTS8RID6E^- 

London SWIX7XL0H30B34- 










HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


Cabinet papers for 1955 

Staffs made plans for 
invasion of Israel 
to parry threat to Jordan 




am iWhy Geldof. 

I was barred' 


vlSl 


5 si ^ 


Barely a year before British 
troops invaded Egypt in collu- 
sion with the Israeli army, top 
military planners in London 
were drawing up a detailed 
battle order for the bombing of 
Haifa, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem 
2 nd the storming of Israeli 
strongholds by Royal Marine 
commandos. 

A laconic message from the 
Ministry of Defence to Middle 
East headquarters noted: “We 
accept that some damage to 
civilian property and Joss of 
civilian life may be occasioned 
in your attacks". 

1: added that the “inviol- 
ability of any holy places must 
be strictly preserved", referring 
to Muslim, Christian and 
Jewish shrines in Jerusalem. 

During 1955 the Chiefs of 
Staff Committee based much of 
ns military planning for the 
Middle East on the assumption 
that the Israelis were about to 
invade Jordan. 

Foreign Office doctrine was 
that Britain would have quickly 
to fulfill its treaty obligations to 
the Arab kingdom. This was 
thought essential so that the 
crucial “Northern Tier" of 
Muslim countries facing the 
Soviet Union - Turkey, Iraq 
and Iran - would keep faith in 
their treaty obligations with 
Britain. 

The Chiefs of Staff had no 
high opinion of Jordan's Arab 
Legion, saying it was “likely to 
be eliminated as as effective 
force very early on". British 
forces would then become 
engaged by air and sea. Royal 
Navy ships would bombard and 
blockade the Israeli coast. 
Commandos would move to 
Aqaba and troops would move 
overland from Iraq to hold the 
Israelis at the Jordan river. 

The papers from the 1955 
archive show that Middle East 
politics were far from simple. 
While planning for an invasion 
of Israel. Britain was supplying 
her with armaments, though 
Britain objected to the high- 
grade Mystaere jets the French 
were then selling to IsraeL At 
the same time Britain was 
anxious to continue the sale of 
arms to Egypt and other Arab 
countries to ensure Israeli-Arab 
“parity". 

The Cabinet discussions 
show Harold Macmillan (now 
Lord Stockton), sucessively 
Minister of Defence, Foreign 
Secretary and Chancellor during 
1955, saying that Britain was 
not spending enough in the 
Arab world to maintain its 


In the first of three trawls 
through the Cabinet documents 
for 1955, released at the Public 
Record Office yesterday. David 
Walker looks at undisclosed 
plans for an invasion of Israel. 
The capture of RockaD and 
crowning Cardiff capital of 
Wales. 

influence at a time when the 
Soviet Union was making a big 
push in the region. 

The purchase of arms by 
Colonel Nasser, the Egyptian 
leader, from Czechoslovakia 
caused a flurry of paper through 
the British Foreign Office, and 
defence and education 
establishments. The Cabinet 

wanted the teaching of English 
in the Middle East expanded. 

By the end of the year the 
Chiefs of Staff had turned from 
planning an invasion of Israel 
to planning the Suez expedition. 
Much thought was also given to 
building up a strategic base for 
Britain in Lebanon to replace 
Suez, from which British forces 
were then withdrawing. 

The need for a logistical and 
operations base in the eastern 
Mediterranean made British 
politicians anxious to solve the 
problem of Cyprus where, 
during 1955. terrorist action by 
Greek Cyriots Warthing union 
with Greece flared. 

At one point it was suggested 
that thhe entire island be caded 
to Greece in exchange for a 
permament lease on military 
bases there. 

During the year the Cabinet 
decided to buy the American 
Corporal weapons system: 
rocket artillery capable of 
delivering a battlefield nuclear 
warhead. 

As a result it had to speed up 
the acquisition of a rocket-test- 
ing sound based on South Uist 
ana Benbecula in the Herbrides. 
However this involved two 
local difficulties: first, the 
crofters, who wants to build a 
statue of the Virgin Mary near 
the proposed rocket launch site, 
and second, the uninhabited 
island of Rockall which was in 
the middle of the range. 

The papers show that the 
annexation of Rockall almost 
took place without the know- 
ledge of the Prime Minister or 
the Cabinet It was only through 
the intervention of Sir Ivone 
Kirkpatrick, head of the Foreign 
Office, that lull ministerial 
approval was obtained when the 
island was annexed that year. 


Tn July 1955 the Cabinet 
solemnly resolved that the 
Foreign "Secretary, in conjunc- 
tion with the Admiralty, should 
take what steps were needed to 
proclaim British sovereignty 
over Rockall in case it “should 
be taken by a Foreign Power to 
observe firing on the range 7 *. 
(Eventually the Ministry of 
Defence paid for the Virgin 
Mary’s statue and the Admir- 
alty sent a boat to cla im 
Rockall.) 

The nuclear threat was ever- 
present The Cabinet was 
reluctant to abandon its pro- 
gramme for producing millions 
of gas masks for use in a nuclear 
war. though it conceded the 
masks would not be of much 
use. It was felt that if people got 
to know no more masks were 
being made it would be bad for 
morale. “The morale of the 
Services could hardly be main- 
tained if they knew no pro- 
vision was being made for the 
protection of families.” 

Worries about Cyprus caused 
one of several instances that 
year of direct government 
pressure on the BBC. “The 
director general had on pre- 
vious occasions responded very 
reasonably to representations 
that certain broadcasts might 
prove embarrassing to Her 
Majesty’s Government”, the 
Cabinet was told. 

The Colonial Secretary was 
deputed to have a word with Sir 
lan Jacob, then director general, 
to have him stop programmes 
that, for example, allowed 
Archbishop Makarios, the 
Greek Cypriot leader, to have a 
voice. 

“The minutes of the Cabinet 
note that a broadcast was being 
planned by Woodrow Wyatt, 
then a Labour MP; but Mr 
Wyatt had “offered to submit 
his programme to informal 
censorship". However in re- 
porting strikes that year the 
BBC “had not been helpful". 

The BBC appears from the 
minutes to have been com- 
pliant. Sir Ian Jacob told Eden 
it was the main instrument of 
national broadcasting but the 
the Government should take 
care that the newly-created 
independent television channel 
did not lower standards. 

This, a note to Eden says, 
“opens up a tremendous prob- 
lem in relation to the ‘Daily 
Mirrorization' of the Press and 
of the country". 

Tomorrow: Immigration mnd 
Mr Macmillan's memos 



it 




Mr Michael Spicer, minister for aviation, with troops patrolling Heathrow airport daring a security exercise yesterday. 
He said their presence could become a regular feature. (Photograph: Chris Harris). 


More troops at airport likely 


A bigger role for the military the kind you are seeing today.” Accompanied by senior 
could well be part of a package .Airport security was a con- police officers and members of.} 
of security measures to be sunt evolutionary process de- the British Airports Authority } 
introduced at Heathrow Airport signed to respond to new tactics security, he saw the Boring 747 1 
in the wake of the terrorist use by terrorist. The Govern- pull on to a distant . pier 


in the wake of the terrorist 
attacks in Vienna and Rome 
last week. Mr Michael Spicer, 
the minister responsible for 
aviation, said yesterday. 


use by terrorist. The Govern- pull on to a distant . pier 
ment would ensure that co- surrounded by armoured, police 
operation between the military. Land Rovers. ■ 

, “It is extremriy important to 


‘Songsof 

Praise’ 

boycotted 


The BBC has cancelled a 
LandRovers. * f ^ se teIcvision 

“It is extremely important to broadcast from Dungannon, Co 
have a strong security presence Tyrone; because no Protestant 
at Heathrow, and the military - congregations could be found to . 
are just one part ' of that, take part. Invitations went to 24 


honours list 

- By Cotin Hughes 

An award to Mr Bob Geklof, 
the pop singer .turned famine 
relief fund-raiser, would have 
been unprecedented hi New 
Year Honours lists, Whitehall 
sources said yesterday. 

Although Downing .Street 
and the Foreign Office.deriined 
to discus * individual cases after 
political criticism of Mr Gel- 
dofs omission from tins veek's 
list, they explained that he 
l would bave Jbeen barred on two 
counts. 

First, such honours tra- 
ditionally go. only to United 
inngriam and Commonwealth. 
nationals, since they axe foe (he 
Queen to dispense to hex. 
I subjects. Mr Gudofis ft citizen 

of the Irish Republic. 

- Second, awards go to those 
who have served , die UK or 
Commonwealth '• community 
specifically. However notable 
Mr GeldoPs achievemeuts were 
last yari ■ officials said, Ms 
efforts wereOn behalf of people 
in count ri es •" outside’, the 
Queen'S influence. . 

The British Government is 
not rise only excluding factor. 
Article 40 of the Irish, comsti- 
tntionsaystiutBOlmhritizen 
shall receive a title of nobiUty 
or honour, from a foreign 
government; except with the 

ever, has .not been invoked 
against Irish nationals receiv- 
ing the. French Lepn Of, 
Honour, Papal awards, or, as in 
the case of Mr Sean McBride, 
the Jurist; a Lhi&i Peace fUze. 

The usual route' in s en 
such as Mr Gddof yronj£_be to 
mint an honorary award. 
These are comparatively rare,' 
either on the : recommendation 


gPL. tty .I*: 1 - . 

py 




i 


iU 

^Ids^ -..~ 


“We have 2 new situation strengthen nave a sireng swuny ptwnw Lyrone. OCCause no rroicsram — ■ — .rr 1 

now and tt will demand^ new ^nS^nilitary arrived at the al Heathrow, and ihe mihttuy- congxegatipus.cogdbefonndto ^^iSn Office staff over 
responses" he said as armoured airport early resteixiay to take m ^ one Jf« take part. Invitations went to 24 

lanS Sd troops with subma- IppoJSon iuiridTTermina] sho ?l ? roteslflnt te J°£; m Min^teT & 

chine guns patrolled the per- Three. Heathrow's international ** Hnpuaw is wril prote^ the ecumemcti broadcast from Pr ^ M ™ !r V- — 

imeter of the airport, while terminus and the base for the and wB ^ Si Buncos Roman Catholic .7®° -JJSle' 

dozens of armed police worked Israeli national airline, O AL ■ Oiuidi m Dungannon but only 

inside and oittside the ter- The minister watched troops ™ three rephetL _ . 

minals. equipped with Steriing sub feme &natw prepared to die for The programme w» to be 

T 1 .-J , o «nH pm 9 ,,f bts cause. . recorded for nationwide trans- althongh Moan 


dozens of armed poli 
inside and outside 
minals. 


The minister watched troops 
equipped with Sterling sub 


Their presence was part of a machine guns and FN auto- 
high -pro file security exercise matic rifles patrofled in tandem 
which coincided with Mr with aimed police and dog 
Spicer's visit- The minister said patrols, 
troops could be present at the He also watched the pro- 
airport more regularly: “You cedure for the arrival of the 
may well see more activity of daily El Al flight from Td Aviv. 


The programme was to' be 


The most recent widely- * 
known example was an Honor- ' 
ary Order of Merit tp Mother- 
Teresa in 1983. Even then, 


bis cause. - . recorded for nationwide trims- Moflre Teresa U an ; ; 

£2* ^ ***** tysseng ers w Bl , n by wealth Imk through fret work 

^lnotbe^^tedtosOTcbcs UnionS among the poor iitfifcnlbi.. - 

before the cbeck-m desks, the Irishfrora people hare re-." 


Petrol bomb Print union ‘jobs for 
manual ijf e ’ demand rejected 

myesngaiea -By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 


before the check-in desks, the 

SESinL! 1 *' ^ Protestants’ <*jecti6u to 
tenonsts ht Rome and Vrenn. ta^ng part is understood to be ■ 


celved • peerages. Bredan Bca- 
cken, the Irish journalist, .was \i 


rooted in their str... „ r( ,„ __ . .. . 

sitio n to the Anrio-lr^ agree- Chrfetchimi, • Southampton, j 
mm but he was a Conservative ' n . 

According to the recently PoUtidan wifli his haw and 
arrived Churi* of Ireland service hugely in tins country. — 
rector, the Reverend Frederic • Protests against Mr GehloFs : V 
Swann, his congregation felt it omission from the list con- 
would be “inappropriate" at tinned yesterday. Mr John 
present. Methodist and Presby- Taylor, an Ulster Unionist t 


strong 

o-Irish 


oppo - 1 mated Viscount Brackwy of 


JPs ‘too soft’ on 
drunk drivers 


The Government planned a 
crackdown on drinking and 
driving as far back as 1 955. 

The Prime Minister, Sir 
Anthony Eden, backed a plan 
by the Home Secretary, Mr 
Gwilym Ucryd-George, to spell 
out to magistrates their power 
to impose an automatic year’s 
driving ten on motorists who 
ted been drinking. 

The plan is disclosed in a 
file containing an exchange of 
private notes between the two 
in the autumn of 1 955. 

Sir Anthony had written to 
Mr Lloyd- George complaining: 
“I have seen several reports and 
some complaints of light 
sentences on drivers who are 
found drunk in charge of a car. 
Am 1 right in thinking they get 
off too sightly?” 

He added that if it was the 
fault of the law. he was sure 
? 2 ri:ament would be willing to 
strer.giier. the legislation. 

Mr L'oyd-Georgc insisted 
that the maximum, penalties were 
adequate and “the trouble lies 


in the magistrates’ reluctance to 
impose them". He said that 
while he could not direct the 
courts, he planned to make a 
speech to the Magistrates* 
Association pointing out how 
tittle use was made of the power 
to disqualify drivers. 

Sir Anthony had added at the 
bottom of the Home Secretary’s 
note: “Good. I like particularly 
what you say about disqualifica- 
tion." 

Maximum penalties for 
drink-driving were a £50 fine or 
four months in jail for a first 
offence, and a £100 fine or four 
months in jail, or both, for a 
second or subsequent offence, 
on summary conviction. On 
conviction on indictment the 
penalty was up to six months 
jail, or an unlimited fine, or 
both. 

But MrLIoyd-George said that 
lay magistrates, who dealt with 
99 per cent of cases, were “apt 
to treat the driver leniently" 
and make ittle use of the power 
to disqualify. 



111 T Vi5Ugsu»VU -By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 

Bv Rupert Morris News ; International has re- company rejected t 

A “Freedom Fighter's Man- jected demands by .the printing Sogat and the NGA i 
ual" indudina flei afled instruc- unions that their members on consultations with tl 
lions on the making of petrol the corafrmys four national baa over the nest I 
bombs, first published . in newspapers should be given wlochrareiikety tocn 
Britain in the ,Y#ir Statesman, “jobs for life”.. guarantees and baflois oa whether _t 
and subsequentlv in an anarch- cost-of-hviog indexation of leaderships au thorn; 
isi pamphlet, has set off a future pay rises. p . industrial action. 

Soecial Branch investigation. The company’s decision was Mr Gillespie said -i 


Ifl rPIHl| Hll rector, the Reverend Frederic • Protests against Mr GeWnFs -V 
* VJ V V1»V1* Swann, his congregation felt it omission from the list con- ^ 
rimiac.u.nJi.ni- would be “inappropriate” at tinned yesterday. Mr John 

rour Correspondent . present. Methodist end Prediy' Taylor, an Ulster Unionist 7 
company rejected the relaim. terian ministers, who* congre- member of the European 
Sogat dad the NGA are to hold gations-haaee .also-rofosed, are Parliament said he regretted-^ 
consultations with their mem- making no comment. ' that Mr Geldof received no • 


athp* . -• 

• jieiiHiM-- ■ _ 

te s?; "“ .' 
•r ^wiatno.. - - 

-0t &•' 
janpcNr...;:* :■ 

■kfey Pf ”"“ 
jskroiiso 1 :— ■ 

jjiuilu5 issr: ■ 

25 roB w ■* ■ 

_i fifteen r.'i - 


consultations with their mem- making no comment. ’ that Mr Geldof received no ' 

bas over tianest tw o week s The BBC smd that Songs of award because he had been : 
whjdirare likely to cnhnmteerln: Praise tried thrive a picture of ‘tthe most deserving case ter - 
hafloisott whether to give, the the whole ..community. “It 1985, and whenanUIsteraraa I 
leaderships authority ’ to tall, would haYc jbeen half the. says that about a. soufluom 

industrial action. ■' ■ - community rinlv- We shoilkt Irkhmon it is raollv nmnl* " - 


ftre 


Special Branch investigation. The company s oecsion was 
The .Vpw Statesman article outlined in a letter to Sogat o- 
published in the Christmas from Mr Bill Gillespie, m a n a- 

■ . : 1 - - _ _ . _ mni, ilimHnr rtf" TlfflK 


issue, conteined a footnote ging director of Times News- News International, last month ui 
explaining that the manual was papers Ltd (JNL), who replied for talks on the proposed -new 
originaUv published by the on behalf of Mr Brace Mat- London evening new^japer, be 
United States's Central Intetii- thews, managing director of “you said that there were no in 
grace Agency for use against News International, who is on matters of great dispute bet w ee n at 
Nicaragua: the magazine had holiday. ... News Group Newspapers, pub- In 

substituted Britain for Nica- Mr GiSespie said Sogat, the Ushers of The Sun and News qf Li 
razua. National Graphical Association the World, arTULT ju 


radustnai action. : ■ - community only: We should Irishman it is really meant”. - ; 

Mr Gillespie saidin’ the letter not have beau able to. or have He believed the Irish 
that when the unions met Mr wished to, conceal- that. The ration’s “oatdated restriction" 
Rupert Murdoch, chairman of result would have , been an should be lifted. 

News International, last month unrotisfactor y prog ramme." Mr. Stuart Holland, Oppo- 5 

for talks on the propos ed -new Sonpo/Pipsehas recently spokesmanfoToveroStf • 

London evening newspaper, bera broadcart.wtth complete n*id*r* i 


Nicaragua: the magazine had 
substituted Britain for Nica- 
ragua. 


Roth Ellis (above) the last 
woman hanged in Britain, was 
discussed in a catenet debate 
about capital punishment in 
1955. 

Ministers freed a mounting 
campaign to abolish the death 
penalty in the wake of her 
execution In July 1955 for 
shooting her lover, but the 
papers disclosed that the then 
Home secretary, Mr Gwilym 
Lloyd George argued that 
public opinion alone was “an 
unreliable basis for a policy". 

The right course for the 
government was to make more 
use of the Royal Prerogative of 
mercy, be said. The death 
penalty was suspended in 1965. 


The manual, which contains and the Amalgamated Union of 
diagrams showing how to Engineering workers had made 
disconnect alarm systems, sabo- “highly artificial" claims after 
tage offices, and start fires, th e ^bre akdown of talks on a 
published in the New Statesman working-practices agreemen t for 

oik-tU- "t nnnini mill# 9 new nnntiruz nlant at Wao- 


you saitt that there were no mar denominational co-oper- 
matters of great dispute between atkra from three other Northern 
News Group Newspapers, pub- Ireland -towns — Strabane and. 
Ushers of The Sun and News qf Larne and.. from r Letterkenny. 
the World, or TNL" just over the border in Co 


was subtitled: “A practical guide a new printing plant at Wap- 
10 libera ting Bri tain from ping east London, where the 
oppression and misery, by company plans to produce The 
paraly sing the military-indus- London Post rat March- 
trial complex of the fascistic “It » not without sagmfi- 
Thaicher state - without special cance, I suggest, that these new 
tools, and at minimum personal points are raised within two or 


the World, or TNL” just over the bordei 

Responding to. the union's Donegal.- 

demands for present closed- — 

shop and recognition arrange-; f>rinra liinrc 
meats to be carried over. if any F IIULC UUja 
work on the four newspapers n L»,jA Wnfui 
was transferred to new jirem- pIVIUA- ”Wlu 
ises. Mr Gillespie said Sogat, An unnamed ; Saw 


would, at the time of writing^ 
not be recognized by. 7%e| 
London Post. 


Jobs race bias ‘widespread’ 


Indirect racial discrimination 
in employment is still wide- 
spread. according to Mr Peter 
3s::om!ey. Under Secretary of 
State for Employment. He was 
commenting yesterday on new 
figures which show that un- 
employment rates are more 
than twice as high for ethnic 
mircrities than for whites. 

Statistics by the Labour Force 
Survey, made in 19S4, show 
that the male unemployment 
rate % 2 S highest among thwe of 
Pakistan: or Bangladeshi origin, 
fe'lewed b>’ those of West 
Indian origia In the 16-24 age 
group. 40 per cent of men of 
Wefl Indian origin were oat of 
•■verk. 

The figures, published yester- 
day by *Jte Department of 
Employ mer.L pros*ide extra 
ammunition for the Govern- 
ment's campaign to persuade 


By Our Labour Correspondent 
companies to be more active m 
monitoring their performance 
in trying to eradicate discrimi- 
nation. 

Mr Bottomley said last night: 
"Indirect discrimination, where 
unjustifiable conditions are 
imposed on a greater proportion 
of people from one racial group 
rather than another, is still 
widespread, not normally be- 
cause of any malevolence or 
because people do want to 
discriminate, but because they 
have not bothered to check 

whether they are somehow 
discriminating indirectly.” 

He is leading the drive to win 
over industry by voluntary 
action rather than some form of 
legislation, which is thought to 
be preferred by the Home 
Office. 

One suggestion being con- 
sidered by the Home Office is 
enforcement of rules governing 


contract compliance, with 
companies tendering for 
government contracts being 
asked to show that they o pie rate 
an effective equal opportunities 
programme. 

Mr Bottomley said that the 
Government aimed to set an 
example to industry with an 
ethnic monitoring programme 
of the Civil Service, which has 
600,000 people. It is expected to 
be completed by the middle of 
I9S8. 

The Government is also to 

promote widely the Com- 
mission for Radical Equality's 
code of practice. 

Mr Bottomley made dear the 
Government's opposition to 
positive discrimination. “We 
don't want anyone to feel that 
they have eot a job just because 
of their colour or background", 
Politics of unemployment, page 

4 


nsk for the freedom fighter." 

The article was then lifted by 
; an . anarchist magazine in 
Reading, Berkshire, and pub- 
lished is Res Rss alongside an 
article heralding the launch of a 
new group called “Reading 
Direct Actios Mo v e me nt". 

Reading pc lice have urged 
newsagents to withdraw the 
magazine from their shelves, 
and Supx Alan CusscU said: 
“Special Branch investigators 
i are examining it and our police 
I solicitors are deckling whether 
there is a possible offence of 
incitement. 

“The whale article is deplor- 
able. There is enough trouble in 
this world without giving 
instructions on how to make 
I these things and then bringing it 
j ;o the notice cf people who 
might be a litie bit bored”, he 
said. 


three days of the negotiations That statement significantly 
over The London Post breaking excludes the electricians . and 
down." Mr Gillespie wrote in journalists' unions. Despite Mr 
the letter to Mr Bill Miles, Murdoch having announced 
general officer of Sogau that negotiations on the Wap- 

The unions had asked for the ping plant had broken down. 


' Sogat, An unnamed : Saudi prince 
AUEW has bought Bollock Wood, 40 
writing^ acres new Colchester. Essex, to 
y. The be a once-a-year picnic spot for 
his femilv and jriends. , 

fieantiv Hc £95,000 for the I 


That statement significantly 5,000 for m ic 

excludes the dectriSans . and at teast. seven centuries 

innrTKlIrtH’ miifflit TV cni t.- Mr 0*0. 


guarantees for metnbera wor- 
king ax The Times, The Sunday 
Titncs. The Sun and Sews of the 
World, and had threatened to 
take industrial action if the 


Murdoch having announced ~~ . _ “ r - : 

that negotiations on the Wap- Bridge tOilS UP 
puig plant had broken down, * Tg, . . r 

the electricians’ union has „ Humber Bndge tolW^rent up 


agreement he is seeking. 


million. 


. Mr -Stuart Holland, Oppo- “ 
sition spokesman for overseas j 
, develop ment, Saict Mr Gehfof!s • 
sdection by BBC radio listen- i 
ers as the Man of the Year 
. “showed whom the ; public ;■ 
reafly - honoured". Mr David . I 
Steel, the liberal leader, said .» { 
he amid not befieve it was~an 1 i 
oversight, and hoped that Mr V 
GddoF bad' not been left out J 
because he had “rufQed too » 
many feathers”. ’ 

..Mr .Anthony Beanmoni- \ 
Dark; Conservative -MP' --for- - ” 
SeDy Oak, said the omission 
could be “put right in the next 7 
honours .list", but Mr MM mla a 
Fafebainz, Conservative MP for 
Perth and Kinross, said very 
few of the millions who . worked 
for charity sought reward. . . 

Mr Kevin Jenden, Band 
Aid's executive director, said 
that Mr Geldof himself was 
not concerned with saving 
lives fo Ethiopia and Sudan 
than winning awards, ‘ff hara j 
spoken to Bob, and be made no . * 
mention of honours", he said. . 



* forking v 
koostto ! 


Accidents on icy roads 
mark start of 1986 


. By Gregory Neale 

Britain slipped and slithered at Bow Street 


Conquest shares lead 
iifHastings chess 


at Bow street M ag i s tr a tes’ 
Court. . 

Twenty people were injured 
in Henley on Thames, Oxford- 
shire, when groups of youths 
dashed in the town, and a tear - 
gas . bomb was thrown. A 
repika gun is also thought to 
hare been fired during the 
dashes. Between 15 aid 20 
people suffered severe irritation 
to their eyes, caused by the gas. 
but none needed hospital 
treatment. Police were yester- 
day questioning a youth. 

In Gloucestershire, an ambu- 
lanceman, Mr Brian Hancock 
was attacked while be attended, 
a victim of a fight at the 
Feathers hotel in Lydney. In 
Gloucester a youth bad a glass 
smashed in his face during 
ceiehratkms hi the city centre.. . 

A wound aged about. 29ms 
found dead at file Crosrh Hotel 
in Fakenfcam. Norfolk, after a 
Sew Year's party. PaHae said 
later they were treating the 
death as murder. 

In east London, poSce used a 
helicopter to search for Mbs 
Alison Day. aged 19. who 
disappeared a Sanday trotting 
after fearing home fo Norfolk 
Road, UptBBSter, to meet her 
fiance. She was bat seat at 
Stratford station. 

. Around the comtiry, h^i 
winds and rain spreading from 
the south-west censed a’ num- 
ber of accidents. 


into the New Year yesterday, 
with festivities marked by a 
series of minor accidents on the 
roads. In the eariy morning. 
Mack ice turned m a ny roads 


Mr Hugh Stephenson, editor ^ -gating rinks", the 
f the Sr- Statesman, said Red Automobile Association said, 
teg has behaved “unethically" TbeA^s^^riod for 


Dental disputes face long delays 


By Robin Young 

The procedure for dealing with 
complaints about dental 
drcrgcs is liable to long delays 
and is frequently unsatisfac- 
tory, according to a front-page 
article in Consumer Voice, 
published today by the 
National Consumer Council. 

Complaints over dentists* 
charges are dealt with by the 
denial services committee of 
the family practitioner com- 
mittee. which can take up to 
tno y«m to decide whether a 


case deserves a hearing, the 
journal says. 

Then it can take weeks 
before a hearing date is 
arranged, and several weeks to 
get an outcome. Then there is a 
right of appeaL 

The journal dies die case of 
a woman patient whose dentist 
stopped drilling to tell her that 
an NHS filling would not be 
strong enough to ®1 a rarity, 
and that she would hare to pay 
almost three times as much as 
the previously agreed fee. 


The author of the article, 
Mrs Camilla KnkeL says that 
dissatisfied patients have to put 
up with inadequate fillings or 
badly-fitting dentures while 
awaiting a hearing, since the 
source of their discomfort is the 
main evidence. 

Some community health 
coanefl secretaries are so 
disillusioned with the pro- 
cedure that they adrise patients 
to shun the official complaints 
procedure and tackle the 
dentist direct, Mrs DiaJ&el says. 


Rag has behaved “unethically" 
by lifting fo- artiris without 
exrlair.rag :hai ii was taken 
frovr. a CIA manual. He said he 
Lie-sh: :: "*as wrong of the CIA 
to h2v; published the manual in 
tfca first place, and that was the 
point its r.agazise was making. 

Mr Stephenson did not 
accept that there was a danger 
in reprinting the CLA manua l. 

He said: “It is common 
StnowL-dgr how to make a petrol 
bomb. You just have to walk 
down the Charing Cross Road 
and read some of the maga- 
zines." 

A spokesman lor Red Rag 
said: “Seme time ago. the goup 
was heavily involved in CND. 
ar.d there was nothing but 
Greenbam and peace move- 
ment stair sa the magazine. 
Ncwadai'S. ;l has shifted a bit 


accidents was between 12-30 
and 3.38 am. Particularly 
affected were roads in Kent, ax 
well as the M4 motorway near 
Swindon. Wiltshire, and the 
M62 between Lancashire and 
West Yorkshire. 

A number iff incidents, 
mostly caused by drink, marred 
the festivities. 

In Loudon 124 people were 
arrested in Trafalgar Square, 
where crowds estimated at 
more than 50.000 gathered to 
celebrate. Police used barriers 
to prevent crushing which ou 
New Year's Eve Of 1982-83 led 
to the deaths or two women. 
There were oo serious injures 
hist night. 

Thirty-four of those arrested 
in Trafalgar Square were 



iag obstruction, threatening 
! behaviour aad assaulting pofice 
: officers. 

! Five poepfe appeared at 
West losdoa Magistrates’ 
Court yesterday charged with 
offences in Trafalgar Square 
and were remanded to appear 


From Hhriy Gotombeb, Chess Correspondent, Hastings 
Stuart (acquest, aged 18, & wb imm ■_ m nw oms 

sha res Johann ££ -.3 

HiarraxsMi with 21^ pomts eadi uh* imm- so du> ran* . 

“SSf* £5z -«£& %£ 

Hastings Premier chess Tooma- zb tu « bm as bkb — «» • 

mentipne of his chief rivals, 2 2 > 

the \ Sbyret _ Grand 'Master, si ka iw xz q~h 2 imno) -t* 

Mirisp Chisin, has scarcely 33 K ^ n ***p 34 qxq uww . ■ 

exrr^S himself so fer. 

He agreed to a ' draw in 12 Adjourned game result: A Greenfel 
mojfes With Haskett in round L J Radon 0, 58 moves..;, 
three on Monday. In contrast. S?** tessihs: E Fbnnane 

hi? compatriot Balashov drew a . 

nwly rotaeacd suoe wii& the 

***** A (1 fr) I, Queen’s Tr ytiim, 38: 
Greenfrid Fcdorowicz /n s f 


2 H4caa N-QS3 

iwa 

*s*i Mm 
I MS OO 
HI WO* K-NS 
12 HI IW| 


He agreed to adraw in 12 Adjourned game remh: AGrieufeidJ 
mojfes Awith Haskett in round LJ Platitttt0:58movesi . ■*. 

three on Monday. In contrast. S?** reshhs: E g orih an e k ■ 

hiep^ rnp^trwil Baladin v Armor t0) 0, W Wation (1) I, EjuxTs ■ 

White y Belashov, Black A yft) i. Queen’s Indian. 38; J'- 
Greemeld Ftdoiuwkz (1) ft. S Coastai (2)- 

i.w» w_ 2 H*US nobs Slav Defence, 19: JPfcSettl frh: 

its JS* OS Si 

* M SS i no oo* 1* F Braga (l> t, 

SES 515 ^cifian, 40; M Petorsson fp atfa. J • 
ii mo 2 man -a one a-a t Rukavina (1 Yi\ Old tndlaxLAO. 

" ** ^ • /* 

‘Badger dig’ arrests 

Seven men were arrested in “In the past it has been difficult 
Derbyshire over the new year lo secure a prosecution but oifr ' 
holiday as jwlice investigated powers have been strengthened.. 
alleged attempts to dig badgers by the Wiwufeand Cc^vsidc 
out oftheirsetts. - Act” - 

The' arrests came amid Four Manchester men were 
mounting eoncetn. about the wrested 'at a sett at Kelstedge 


SSjjWboiS;?-;;- 

7H 17 rr- “ 






l, 

? ^ orT'^.T---' 

^ u =■- 




spread of a lwrative trade in the near Ashover. They said, they • 


animals for badger-baiting - 
: fights betweenfradgm and dogs 
- m many p»tt of the country. 

Digging for badgns is grow- 
ing in popularity and a good 


and £I,000. “In two ta- thrce 
weeks people can make thou- 
sands ' Of pounds di g gin g out 


badgers,* a . poboe 


^ rescue their dogs - 

'too had grate in after 
police said. y. 

■ Three bthoc men with two 
Jack ' Russell terriers ywere ' 
detained near another- sett in« 
Derbyshire. , ,y-; 

None of the seven rJafli- was- 


^ ° (i 


said. - charged.. 


Wif-r. 


t 



THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY / 6 


HOME NEWS 


OTsTT 


rrt*i 


IWi 


5 

V 1 Vfc 

■* v* 



: 

-•IS! V 


By Robfii Young 

«i^S^? ttSrt fe sb ? a>me tefc^«3bn»i wdl -oi^ iatf 
jbe most , laiispensiWo -houses being package holidays and oae 
appliance, overtaking the thiid ta^m the most popular 
bsth» the shower and the indoor destination, Snaur. 
lavatory. Only 2 per cent of . * . . . . . . 

British households now lack a A/'/t ofthfi British 
television set, while 3 per cent. ^°.^“ rce . ^ ' now' seif-em- 
go without exclusive use of. ^ 

indoor bathing arid lavatory account fin* 62'per 

facilities. . . . cent ofiiousehold income. the 

Thereafter the most com- “crate 

monplace of the average British ^^“Md rejafavehr.stable; 
home’s fixtures and fittings is 
the refrigerator. Only 6 per cent x??S£ 

of households do not have one. 9“^ * f ^ total, bat TOfth 
The ownership .of vacuum JS, cvenlydistiibutsd. 
cleaners has also risen to more q w ? m ^ e 

than nine-tenths of households, a . *£■ 

while the number of hSnS ™“fch, the-top 10 per cent lave 
with telephones has - at 78 per 

cent - increased by more than. twenty-fifth; of 

half in a decade. - tncTnoney. 

The official HMSO hand- About half the households in 
book. Britain 1986 . published Britain lave a pet,' with dogs 
today, says that Britain has (about 6 million) more popular 
experienced an economic recov- dian cats (more than 5 milBon). 
cry in the mid-1980s, with gross The human . content of. the 

domestic prodiict Z75 per cent average _ -household has ^ •»>» 

Dp in 1984 and now at a record dwindled, though, • .to 2.64 brought in 1986 at a private 
level. ' person^ with 8 per cent of the London ho spital yesterday 

The improvement is reflected population hying on their own where four test-tube baliw 
in rapidly rising ownership of sod. 24 per. cent. of. aft house- mn born in the first 11 horns 
telephones, freezers, central holds consisting, cif only 'one of New Year’s Day (Patricia 
hearing systems, music centres, person. : . cioctggi writes), 

audio equipment, -video re- . Though -five births outnum- .’ Two of the babies were 
corders and home computers. ber ’ deaths, average family spontaneous arrivals and two 
Half of Britain’s tiousingbas is belbwthclevel req uir ed far werebora by Crieserfan section, 
been built since the Second the replacement of the pqpu- “Both- mothers were near the 
World War, and two-thirds of lationl In ‘ 1-984, - however, end of their terms and it 
households have full or part emigration -was II per cent happened to be c onveni ent to 
central bearing, compared with lower than in 1983. and, do it when it was quiet. We 
only 43 per cent 10 years ago. - unusnaly, there was a net inflow didn't do it because it was New 
More than three-fifths of of 37,000 -people from other Year’s Day^, -a spokesman for 
households have the use of at parts of the world, so the the Hnmana Hospital Welling- 
least one car or van. and 16 per projector i* that Britain’s tmvSt John^s Wood said, 
cent hav two or more. population, at present 56.5 All die -babies and the 


u ^W„: \*r; 


* x/-..:*, </. 


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* 




i >■'•* ”, 


v & ^11^..; «T- 
' * -w.il! 

’- r*. *'•' <*.. . 

t -** 


• to*'.. . 

rr 


- ..... ... ^ ... ^ ■ - •- 


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Anne Tnrrey and Lske; Maba Ameed and Esam; Jackk Brown and Oliver; and Sarah Bag;ett with the only girl, not yet named. (Photograph: Snresh Karadia). 

W p tl Aii-Iinnl^ ^y . cfnr t- ■ — ■— 

Farley hunts source of salmonella infection 

S fPaMrfa By Thomson Prentice and Peter Davenport 


Scientists investigating the withdrawn from sale through- but we do not yet know how it All 320 staff at the factory. The suspension of production 

salmonella infection at the out Britain. got there. We are taking all which produces 5,000 tonnes of is a blow to Farley, which is 

Farley factory are ----- - — — — - 1 “*— *—■“ ” - ' ’ ' ' — 


urgently 


total of 43 of action necessary to find the baby food annually, are being owned by Glaxo, at a time when 


trying to establish how the diarrhoea due to salmonella source, but it may just be a asked to submit a second discussions are taking place 

organism was brought into the baling infection have been freak incident. If it is and we sample for analysis by Public with Boots with a view to a 

premises. confirmed since November, 31 cannot find out how it got in all Health Laboratory service possible £40 milli on takeover of 

Traces of a rare strain of the of them in babies nnder the age we can do is to check everything scientists in Preston. The first ihe baby food manufacturer, 

i hartwinm salmonella eating, of one. A baby in Manchester through and get every item samples failed to disclose any A spokesman for Farley said 
were found in dost samples has died. cleaned in order to do all we can traces of the infection. yesterday that as for as they 


taken from the cleaning system salmonella traces were to prevent a recurrence" 


cent hav two or more. population, at present 56.5 

There have been substantial mOGon and about the fifteenth 


rises in the consumption of largest l. 


world. 


poultry, pork, instant coffee, increase slowly, to about -58 1 were welL 


All die babies and die 
mothers, '.who had been trying 
for years to -become pregnant. 


of the factory at Kendal, found in the hopper of the 
Cambria, on Tuesday. * fectorv’s central vacuum clean- 


Sa! monel la Eating is a rare were concerned the discussions 
strain that was named after an were still on. A Boots spokes- 


Cumbria, on Tuesday. ■ fectorv*s central vadium clean- He said - Jt wa ? the 2151 su ® h outbreak of food poisoning in man said they were waiting for 

^4. Sr incident in the company’s Ealing, west London, about 20 Farley to get back in touch once 

Tests on Farley nmk products “BQ^letmThe tout is being Ust ary. “We will not resume years ago. Only seven cases ifaev had “worked out their 

PtodStion until we are confi- were reported in children aged current problem”, 
themfection have so fer proved JJw? foe In- dent t * 12t ^ a« up to under one in 1 984. The effect of the outbreak on 

negative. the high standard we have set The Ealing strain is rarely Farley, whose baby feed prod- 


margarine arid processed veg- miffioii by 201-1. 

etables, but less home consnmp- There are now 9.9 mftkm 


Hospital staff said that -sznee 
the chances of a lire baby being 


negative. team, which 

•The factory has been shut fectedsam P le - 


ider one in 1 984. The effect of the outbreak on 

The Ealing strain is rarely Farley, whose baby feed prod- 


tions of lamb, beef bread, children in' B ritain ’s 36,5001 from tart-tebe fertilization | since December 20 and all 


ncasamp . ourselves and for which we fetal, even in babies, who are ucts account for about 25 per 

Mr M ic h ae l Tail, the factory have had a reputation for 80 more at risk because the cent of the market, worth about 


potatoes, eggs, milk, butter schooh, whemtho jmpiT-W^hrr 1 * re a * wmt ld-15 per cent and | stocks of the company’s popular manager, said: “Oar own staff years. But we hope to start infection 




sugar -and tea. Alcohol con- latfo 'is 'about .18--to one. -The *b«re .are only aboat 350- 
sump tion continues to advance, aveige secondary school has 10 400aoch babies in Britain, the 
but unlike many other countries Tnmiro m p wtrr^ coincidence of four births in the 

the British spend less , on The nation’s most popular same day, let 

smoking, with more and more pastime is walkiiig. Thereafter J “ nary *•- was »■* 

people giving up for health much influenced by television! . ' . . . 

reasons- • . snooker and darts are the most ~ Th f * rriT * 1 ,° >c '“•otes 

A fifth of.the population now popular sporting activities for artin& to four 

take more than one main men; swimming and aerobics S diger ” ** **?. " 
holiday each year, and though a for women. In winter however tratlo P’ Oeterrainalion and 

sigoifirant proportion stift lake foe population returns to its ‘ - ■ ■ - ■ 

no holiday away frran home, priorities, and watches trie- 1 ar maly . su itably 

the number of holidays of four vision for more than 20 hours a dart-hafred, mt28 mwdespast 


dc tm ainatioB 


' stocks of the company's popular manager, said: ^ur own staff years. But we hope to start infection causes diarrhoea. £55 million a year, is sure to 

1 OstermiHc, Osterfeed and found it, which shows the production again in a couple of which can lead to a too rapid figure in any takeover nego- 

, Complan products have been soundness of our testing efforts, weeks.” loss of fluid. - iiations. 


or more nights taken by British week, 
residents rose to 49 million in Britiat 


■ The fts t arrival, suitably 
dark-haired, at 28 minutes past 
wss Esam Ameed 


residents rose to 49 mil 
1984. fifteen million 


mm Britian 1986, An Official Handbook, 
were .HMSO,£LZ95L .... • . 




es> 


lurvcy v/id sox, ^4UKgj wnose 

Working wives’ 35% SsSSSSs 

1 . . ■ ' wm her first chOd, Simon, now 

boost to spending 

A- v husband, Andrew, a sales 

By Colin Hughes managm . from Greenwich, 

, ■ - - ■ soufo-east feared an- 

Homes with married women merits contributes towards 24 other disaster afto- Lake’s twin 
at work are 35 per cent better per cent of home budgets in toother was lost at six weeks, 
off than the average household. East AngBa andthe South-west Mx 4 Turvey, who had * a 
according to figures published, increases in-the. number of Ca esa rian , said she had seen 
yestenfey m the annual ramily ^omes with telejdiones and foe: embryos trader, a mkxo- 
cxpenditure Survey. _ • = central heating dearly indicate scope. “It’s very ansdentific 

The report, covering house- imjnoved living standards. In hi a they looked Oke rice 
hold spending in 1984, shows foe North and in Scotland fewer crindes”, she said. At 10.17, 
that the average spending each than half of hnm« Twva tlw n« yfen by Caesarian, foe 

week where married women are ofa car or.van, while the figures oily girl (71b 3oz, 3.27kg), so 
working vms £209 a week. The for soufocm England are fer without a . name bat 
avera^ for Bntish households around three in four. temporarily known as Florence, 

was £152, or about £58 a week .. HousfooldSTn the lowest fifth She was born to Mrs Sarah 

of income groups qperiL Baggett, and 39, who has four 
Childless couples with both __ w ^ r ; nr ,- t pHf mm* on hous. teenase children and was 


Maha Ameed, aged 26, an 
arckftectaral engineer, .who h** 
a kHi i fcww fa cto r y in 

B^^dad, arid father, Abdulla 
AbeyxchJ,.an aircraft engineer 
with Iraqi Airlines, had been 
trying far six yean.- They 
sought help in foe United 
States and els e whe r e in London 
fer their infertility which had 

. At 235 am, Oliver Brawn 
(6fl» 13ox, 34Hcg) was born to 
Mrs Jadtie Brawn and . her 
company . director husband, 
Peter, aged 40, from Shere in 
Surrey. The Browns had been 
trying for 10 years to have a 
baby 

- Mr Brown-said, his wife’s 
feSopaH tabes were blocked 
“and we equate it to bypass 
Surg ery* . If foe opponents of 
test-tobe fer tiliz a ti o gl could see 
it foot way they would soon 

chamze.fheir mmd« he said. - 

ThiriLatft37 am was Luke 
Turvey (71b 8os, 3-40 kg) whose 
mother Anne, ‘ aged 39, had 
previously had two late miscar- 
riages arid such a difficult rime 
wifo her first child, Simon, now 
aged foree, that she was unable 
to coricrive again. She and her 
husband, ■ Andrew, a sales 
manager, from Greenwich, 
south-east Loudon, feared an- 
other disaster alter Luke’s twin 
hro&er was lost at six weeks. 

Mri Turvey, who had a 


2L5?^rlv2sM foe proportionately more on hour- teenage Wren and was 
m& feel and food (56 per cent), rtefiteed, nnagm fng sire would 
whmc foo homes With incomes never want any more. 

. to the top 20 per emit spent But Mrs Baggett, who lives 


t.; j I— , m , 1C --- -a-4 WUCIC WilUUIW w«4X mw i i i ww w— j-— ; — # . 

i to the top 20 per cent spent But. Mrs Baggett, who lives 
tnore on household goods, cars in Xmukm but runs a golf 
5S£* “ nceal ^ “8““^ and transport, and other, course and windsurfing school 
th _ services^ difty 37 per cent of in Ntefomnberiand remarried, 
toeir higher incomes went on and her new husband, Lao- 

-nM8s&58EKrsi sr 


s pe wgngi 


f phI- 


iTiSfUierStta; /B84: Stationery Office, £15 incl). 
other members. . • ■■■ ■■««■— 

Woriring women in the WEEKLY . 

South-east earn more than those . - - HOUSE HOLD 
to other regions. . In greater SPENDING 

London average weekly spend- T~~~ ' TZf 

mg was £162 mid in the rest of i«- 

the South-east £174: Housira (gross) 27. 

Northern Ireland emerges Fuel, B^Cpowbt ft 

bottom in almost every aspect 7 

of income and spending. A Tatecoo ^ 

S t of Northern Irish clothes ■ 11. 

es* income is from social Dwab lea 
security benefits, against 14 per £ 

cent for the country as a whole, series 17, 

Income from other sources such misc a 

as self-employment and invest-. ■■■■ ■■■■■ — — 


^ , unfair I should have fob when 
i have fom- children, but he 
does not have any”, she said. 

Mrs Baggett Imd been trying 
— — for si?c. years and felt foe worst 
®7-37 was foe repeated programmes 
of dra^s to induce her to 
a^2 produce nnmbers of eggs for 
31:43 fatiHiafom, and bemg told it 
had not worked again. 

11.10 Bofo parents and hospital 
1157 staff were critical of a Private 
11 Mtenber’s B3I about to come 
XtM before foe Commons again to 
on ban research on tinman em- 
bryos. 


Guard dies under wheels of train 


A train gaard was killed -Tmtff fte 12.15am. Birmmgbun 


/nnder foe wheels of his train 
yesterday after chasing a gang 
of youths who are beUeval to 
' hare puDed foe emergency 
” commumcafom cord. 

The accident occurred at 
Wolverton, "Badanghainshire, 
when the drim - , .unaware that 
the guard had follen off the 
platform, puDed out of the 
. station and run over him- 

The death was not reported 


to Enston passenger/ train 
reached Hemel Hempstead, the 
next station four miles down 
foe Jfovand the guard was 
foimd to be raissina. 

was Ferdinand Thaxter, 
aged 62* married, of Traffic T1 
Rood, Hackney, east Ltmdott^ 

A police spokesman' said foe 
Inin tees approaching Wdver- 
ton* where; it was not due to 


to .have pulled foe communi- 
eafom cord, almost bri^ng it 
to a halt at Wolverton station. 

• It is understood that Mr 
Thaxter saw sane people 
running away and gave chase 
tint lost them. The Crain then 
started to’ pull out and he is 
believed to have lost his footing 
arid fatten between foeplatform 
and foe train. 

British Baft is to hold an 


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Unions’ 
‘bank 5 to 
expand 
services 


• • 1 r- ■ v:’ . 




By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 

Flans have been drawn up far 
a rapid expansion of Unity 
Trust, the trade union “bank , 
which in its first year of 
operation is expected to report 
profits of about £200.000. 

The financial institution, 
whose main purpose is to invest 
in the British economy, changes 
status today from a limited 
company to pic (public limited 
company) in preparation for an 
offer of shares to “friendly 
institutions and individuals' 
later in the year. That is 
expected to increase the share 
capital from £4 million to a 
potential £14 million. 

Unity Trust is owned by 42 
unions, representing seven mil- 
lion members and bolding more 
than naif the share capital, and 
the Co-operative Bank, which 
holds the remainder. The 
company plans to give voting 
rights to future shareholders, 
who are likely to be drawn from 
the trade union and Labour 
movements. 

The institution was estab- 
lished last May and has a 
deposit base of more than £40 
million. 

Mr Terry Thomas, Unity 
Trust m anagin g director, said 
last night: “Our main aim will 
be to develop our services to 
trade unions, to bring in more 
trade union and trade union- 
related accounts so as to unify 
the financial power of the trade 
union movement.” 

The organization will launch 
new financial services during 
the year aimed at union 
members. It has said in the past 
that it would like to introduce 
mongage lending. 



Putting on a new face for 1986. John Buckroyd, aged five, joined a dewing workshop for 
children at Queen Elizabeth Hall, London, yesterday as part of the Greater London 
Council's “Ten Day Wonder” children's festival. Clowning, balancing, juggling and areas 
tricks were among the skills demonstrated. Workshops every morning are followed by a 
different show each afternoon (Photograph: Bfil Warhursf). 


Telephone users to 


win m price war 


By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 


Telephone subscribers are 
expected to benefit this year 
from a tariff war between 
British Telecom and its rival. 
Mercury, and from more 
:ompefition in telephone equip- 
ment supply. 

Mercury exchanges will come 
into service this yea r, and with 
the company's link into the 
Telecom network, it will be able 
to offer a national telephone 
service. 

Businesses will be the first 
main beneficiaries as Mercury 
will offer tariff reductions and 
inducements to attract Telecom 
customers. Bat the company is 
free to offer services to residen- 
tial subscribers and conld soon 
consider offering trunk and 
international telephone 

services. 

Mercury might also offer 
local telephone services to 
domestic subscribers, although 


that is. not so commercially 
attractive. Mercury has been 
investigating the idea of provid- 
ing some local telephone 
services on the back of cable 
television networks. 

The Office of Telecommuni- 
cations (Oftel) is also preparing 
plans to encourage more com- 
petition in equipment supply 
this year, which could reduce 
some prices. The authority, now 
the main telephone consumer 
watchdog, intends to investigate 
how Telecom sells its telephone 
equipment and what induce- 
ments are offered to buyers. It 
will recommend changes if the 
consumer is not getting a fair 


Oftel is also studying how 
domestic subscribers can have 
more freedom in their selection 
of telephone equipment and 
wiring. 


Some aircraft exempted 
from new curb on noise 


Several older aircraft based at 
Gatwick airport have been 
exempted Temporarily from 
complying with regulations to 
reduce engine noise, introduced 
yesterday. The aircraft have not 
yet been fitted with noise-reduc- 
ing devices. 

Mr Michael Spicer, minister 
for aviation, has told the 
Gatwick Airport Consultative 
Committee that exemptions 
range from two weeks to seven 
months 

Mr Robin Clarke, the com- 
mittee's chairman, said yester- 
day that it was disappointing 
that some airlines had not met 
the deadline when they had 


known about it for more than 
seven years. 

The exempted aircraft will 
not be allowed to fly at night. 
Five are BAC l-l Is, owned by 
British Caledonian, whose pro- 
gramme of “hush-kitting” has 
been delayed, by engineering 
problems. 

Two others are Boeing 707s 


flown by Tradewinds, the cargo 
re the 


airline, which will not have 

devices until July. Exemptions 
have also been granted for 
aircraft operated by British 
Airways. British Island Airways 
and Angjo Cargo. 

Other European countries are 
imposing similar bans in 1987. 


Archbishop 
attacks City 
dishonesty 


From Oar 

Correspondent, York 

Dr John Habgood. the 
Archbishop of York, attacked 
“skulduggery” at the top of the 
financial world in a New Year's 
Day message yesterday. 

Speaking on BBC Radio 
York, Dr Habgood condemned 
dubious dealing in high places 

during a wide-ranging attack os 
Britain's “enterprise society”. 

The Archbishop said people 
were becoming increasingly 
selfish. There had also been a 
drop fa moral standards. 

. “We have had some very 
disturbing examples at the top 
of the financial world about the 
skulduggery that goes on”, he 
said. 

“When it happens at the 
higher levels of society, you can 
cover it up better. You can find 
excuses. You am wriggle oat of 
it. 

“We are becoming more 
individualistic in a bad sense. 
The danger of an enterprising 
society is that each one looks 
after himself. It is a sense of 
society having some common 
good. A society having common 
values. common hon esty, 
common decency and integrity 
that seems to be threatened.” 

Dr Habgood also urged 
South Africa to agree to 
negotiations with the oppo- 
sition African National Con- 
gress. 

The Smith African govern- 
ment bad to r e cogniz e leaders 
such as Mr Nelson Mandela 
before it was too late. “The 
ANC is the <mly party capable 
of g ai ning majority support. It 
seems very short-sighted of the 
South Africans simply to detain 
and arrest people like Nelson 
Mandela**, he said. 


Countryside 
challenge 
to parties 

Bv Robin Young 


Mr David PuOnam. the film 
producer, who r ece ntly became 
president of the Council for the 
Protection of Rural England. 
ha* challenged the four political 
party leaders to reaffirm their 
commitment to the protection 
of the countryside. 

In a letter to Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, Mr -Neil Kinnock, Mr 
David Sled and Dr David 
Oven, Mr P&tXnam says that the 
countryside poor faces greater 
pressure thzfc ft did in 1926, 
when the council was founded, 
and when Mr Stanley Baldwin. 
Mr Ramsey MacDonald and 
Mr David Lloyd-George sent a 
joint letter to The Tunes calling 


for “scrupulous attention to the 
rm of om 


charm of our land”. 

Mr Pu ttnam says that im- 
portant parliamentary decisions 
affecting the countryside, on 
agriculture, the Norfolk Broads, 
the Channel fixed link and on 
land use will be made this year. 

In addition, acid rain would 
be a crucial issue for the 
Government during the British 
presidency of the EEC in the 
second half of the year. 

In its 60xh anniversary year, 
the council win be mounting a 
photographic exhibition high- 
lighting threats to the country- 
side. 


Sisters killed 


Two sisters Mrs Elsie Allen, 
77, and Mrs Evelyn 
Chittenden, aged 85. both of 
Saltash. Cornwall, were killed 
when they were hit by a police 
patrol car on its way to an 
accident cear Lis heard on 
Tuesday. 


The politics of unemployment: 3 


Scheme to tackle long-term jobs crisis 


A reduction in the large 
cumbers of long-term unem- 
ployed - people who have been 
cut of work for more than a 
year - has rapidly become the 
central priority in the govern- 
ment’s programme to get 
unemployed down by the next 
election. 

The long-term unemploy- 
ment figures nave been climb- 
ing consistently and stand at 1.3 
minion more than third of the 
Rational jobiess totaL The most 
dramatic increase has been 
among men and women who 
have been unemployed for 
rr.ore than three yean, where 
the figures rose by 30 per cent in 
tiie year 10 October. 

That statistic lies behind the 
new initiatives announced re- 
cently by the Government. 
Employment ministers fear that 
the long-term unemployed will 
not be able to return to the 
labour market because they 
have lost self-confidence, inter- 
view techniques or simply the 
will to work. 

At the heart of the drive 
against long-term unemploy- 
ment is the £1 biiiion Com- 
munity Programme (CP) under 
which’ people who have been 
without 2 job for 12 months are 
given a year’s temporary work 
which is "thought to be ofvalue 
to the community. People 
leaving the programme are said 
to have twice as good a chance 
(40 against 15-20 per cent) of 
finding a job in the next 12 
months as those who have not 
been on the programme. 

The CP has a long way to go 
to overcome its image of 
providing meaningless work as 


More than a third of the unemployed have been oat of work 
for more than a year. In the third of five articles on 
government attempts to bring down unemployment, David 
Felton, Labour Correspondent, discusses the Community 
Programme, which aims to cater for the long-term 
unemployed. 


a means of massaging the 
jobless figures. It made a bad 
start in 1981. by asking people 
to do such uninspiring work as 
clearing seaweed from the beach 
at Sunderland, but now the 
Manpower Services Com- 
mission is trying to inject a 
significant element of training. 

Mr Geoffrey Holland, direc- 
tor of the MSC, said that a 
change in community attitudes 
to the programme is required to 
recognize the value of the work 
done and to encourage more 
companies to become sponsors. 
Private companies will take on 
only 2 per cent of the 230.000 
people GP will be handling by 
the spring. Work :s provided by 
local authorities and voluntary 
organuanons in a 60-40 ratio. 

“It has been the devil’s own 
job to get people concerned 
about long-term unemploy- 
ment. There is a warm individ- 
ual and collective support for 
helping young people, but it is 


only in the last year or so that 
the public has become aware of 
the problems of long-term 
unemployment". Mr Holland 
said. 

A large expansion of the 
programme, perhaps up to 
500.000 places is being pro- 
posed in Whitehall, with the 
huge additional costs being 
offset by savings in the social 
security budget. 

One of the most immediate 
differences is that the long-term 
unemployed will have the 
opportunity of an in-depth two- 
hour counselling session at a 
Jobcentre, when they will be 
advised on the best way to find 
a job. The scheme is being run 
in nene areas but it is known 
that Lord Young of Graffham. 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, would like to see it spread 
to the rest of the country if the 
pilots prove successful. 

The government is also trying 
to introduce a more coherent 


strategy to poll together into a 
“menu" the various options for 
the long-term unemployed. The 
possibilities that would be 
outlined at Jobcentres are; a full 
or pan-time job; a place on a 
full-time or temporary work 
programme; a place on a 
training scheme: Becoming self- 
employed under the Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme; an assess- 
ment course; of a place in a 
Jobciub. 

A relatively recent idea. 
Jobciubs are brd in Jobcentres 
and provide as opportunity for 
the iong-rerm unemployed to 

meet and help each other to find 
work, under die guidance of 
officials up to 30 people meet 
for three hours four days a week 
and must give a commitment to 
apply for at least 10 jobs each 
day. The results of the pilot 
schemes save been remarkable, 
with about 70 per cent of the 
members fir.dreg work. .As a 
result, the Government has 
asked the MSC to increase the 
members of ciabs tc 200 by the 

end of titis year. 

Ministers are also hoping to 
encourage people back to work 
in a separate pile: scheme by 

rtfTrrinp n “inn nn" 


Duration of unarnptoynwnt (thousends) 


Undw25 

25-54 

SSLow 

Align 

0-26 weeks 

693.8 

598.8 

101.1 

1.391.7 

28-52 weeks 

1933 

278.5 

61.4 

Rift, 4 

More than 52 weeks 

358.0 

792.6 

2012 

1.351.8 

Afl unemployed 

1.245.3 

1,687.9 

363.7 

3,276.9 

oeaw. nnc town-w e? 

zrzK-jTw. 





offering a £2C a week “top up 
to anyone out of work for more 
than 1 2 months who finds a job 
paying ISO or less. 

A senior minister said’ "the 
worst that can happen is that 
the man teases the job. but at 
least he will have had six 
months experience of work 
which should make him better 
prep ared to find another job." 
Tomorrow; Can deregulation 

proride ne* jobs? 


Spaniards 
told to 


expect no 
miracles 


From Richard Wigg 
Madrid 

Minutes after Spain officially 
joined the EEC at midnight on 
New Year’s Eve, Senor Felipe 
Gonzdlez, the Prime Minister, 
was on television telling his 
countrymen to expect no 
miracles, but rather a frame- 
work within which they must 
now work to create an economi- 
cally more efficient and politi- 
cally more stable nation. 

He expressed his belief that 
the EEC stales would show 
solidarity with the Iberian 
nations now joining the Com- 
munity, a re fere nce to the aid 
Spaniards are eagerly expecting 
to modrnize their non-Mediter- 
ranean agriculture and restruc- 
ture their fishing fleets. 

The flags of the Twelve flew 
in Madrid's main squares and 
in many provincial cities 
yeaterday. 

The mayor of the old 
university town Of Salaman ca 
issued a special proclamation to 
celebrate Spain and Portugal’s 
joining what he called a 
decision-making region of the 
modem world. 

Because it was a public 
holiday yesterday, taxi drivers 
were the first to introduce any 
travelling Spaniards to the 
value-added tax that joining 
Europe brings. The taxis used 
the 6 per cent tax to round up 
their feres, ignoring the pre- 
Christmas cut in the price of 
petroL 

Today the shops introduce 
the new tax, and the p rospect of 
an inflationary spurt is worrying 
the Government. But many big 
stores have promised to apply it 
only from January 7, after 
Twelfth Night, the main pre- 
sent-giving occasion in the 
S panish Christmas calendar, 
and win themselves pay the 
shoppers’ contribution in the 
meantime. 

In the- basque region a 
prominent local businessman 
was kidnapped, apparently by 
the separatist organization 
ETA. Seflor Juan Pedro Guz- 
man, agedf 43, a director of 
Bilbao’s, athletic football dub* 
was seized on Monday as be left 
a restaurant. 


Change of h eart in Athens 

Cash benefits force Greek 
Socialists to accept EEC 


P 


in * 111111 


Greece has completed five 
highly profitable years as 
am ember of the European 
Community, but the Govern- 
ment is hardly in the mood for 
celebrations. 

A crippling crisis in the 
balance of payments has already 
forced it to seek a deferment of 
its obligation of full compliance 
with Community rules, this 
would have been mandatory by 
the end of the five-year 
transition period last Tuesday. 

The Government, alarmed by 

the deficit in its external 
accounts which soared above £2 
billion in 1985, obtained from 
the Community not only an 
emergency loan of £2,050 
million to back op a stringent 
austerity drive at home, buxalso 


From Mario Modisum, Athens 

its indulgence for a postpone- 
ment ofluU trade liberalization 
and the introduction of value 
added tax. 

Athens will probably be 
trouble over its delay in 
ending the state monopoly on 
petroleum products which was 
sign due this week, but it did 
promise to grant “within the 
next few weeks'* to Community 
nationals the right to move 
capital freely m and out of 
Greece - dearly an inducement 
to European investors to 
breathe some life into the 
country's economy. 

Statistics show that since 

1981 Greece's net cash benefit 
fem the Community has been 
12 3 . billion, as wdl as loans 
totalling £1.1 billion. 


Europe’s small nations 
aim for assembly 


From Richard 


Political groups from 16 at 
Weston Europe’s small nations 
bare ended a conference in 
Barcelona with a sharp attack on 
the European Community and 
its “Oppressor” m em be r -states 
which allegedly deny them toe 
right of setf-detenninaiioa. 

The first conference of 
Europe’s “nations wit ho ut a 
state” decided to try to set up a 
permanent assembly to rival 
the European Parliament. It 
demanded that the small 
nations’ own languages should 
gradually take over, officially 
and socially, in their l a pcc ft t 
geographical areas. 

The EEC was accused of 
“endangering the survival of 
the small nations” by not 
toirftng farfn account their 
economic and cnttnral i nter e st s . 
These were said to be already 
menaced by the memb er - s tates 

arad nratHnytinnql mm paiii w^ 

The conference, to maintain 
its unity, avoided _ 
on the legitimacy of 
nations resorting to violence in 
pursuft of self-determination. 

Wales was re p r es ented by 
Plaid Omni and Ireland by 


Wigg, Madrid 

Sinn Fein, but the Scottish 
Nationalists, *fc«« gh Invited, 
did not attend. Spam’s Basque 
country was represented by the 
Peoples* Unity coalition which 
is dose to ETA, the armed 
separatist or ganizatio n. 

Other areas represented 
included Corsica, Brittany, 
Alsace, Sardinia, the Valley 
of Aosta, Ftfule, Flanders. 
Wallowa flhe Friesian 

Islands- 

A permanent secretariat has 
been established by the small 
nations in Barcelona, where the 
division between the Catalan- 
speaking and the Castflltan- 
speaking inhabitants is a lively 
political issue. Catalonia, with 

fir mUKub fliliM 

to be the biggest small nation 
without a rally independent 
state. 

A spokesman for the confer- 
ence raid the faiigM p A im am j 
envisaged a transition period of 
perhaps 30 years. After- that, 
everyone firing hi an area 
would be required to use and 
accept the regional language in 
all dealings ontaUethei 


Had Greece remained outside 
the EEC ^ the ruling Socialists 

once advocated, these funds 
would have had to be borrowed 
commercially, inflating even 
more the country’s foreign debt, 
now estimated to be more than 
$11 billion, and eventually 
forcing the Go vernme nt to 
submit to the strictures of the 
International Monetary Fund. 

Greek ministers, in taking 
stock of their country’s first five 
years in the Community - four 
of them under Socialist rule - 
oflfera far less sanguine view of 
how positive these benefits 
were. 

Mr Yiannos Papandomou. 
the young Under-Secretary of 
National Economy, agrees that 
the income of Greek ’farmers 
rose since 1981 by an inflation- 
fee 8 per cent in times of 
fining revenues. He Names 
the Community, however, for 
much of the widening Greek 
trade deficit, especially in form 
goods, and complains that 
Communi ty competition is not 
only poshing the local product 
off grocery shelves, but also acts 
as a disincentive for investors. 

Communit y experts argue 
that if Greece's benefits - from 
membership were not more 
substantial or lasting, this was 
largely due to the Socialist 
Government’s antagonistic and 
distrustful posture, which dis- 
couraged the early adjustment 
of national production patterns . 
to Co mmuni ty demand. 

Ministers say that all this is 
now changing. The rnling party, 
m rediscovering Europe, is keen 
to dispel the image it had 
conjured up of a' blood-sucking 
imperialist monster, in favour 
of the idea of a forum where the 
cost of consensus is offeet by the 
influence each member can 
exercise on derision-making. 

Mr Thodoros Pangalos. the . 
Minister of State for Foreign 
afairs, who bandies EEC re- 
lations, agrees that the Socialists 
have a had a change of heart 
about die Community. “It came 
as the cumulative result of the 
experience gained and the 
awareness of new realities,” he 
said. 



Alarm over oil move 


US warns Peru of 
cutback in aid 


By Colin Harding 


Petri's year-end decision' to 
take over .■ the offshore oper- 
ations of fee US-owned Belco 
petroleum company has set 
alarm bells ringing in the US 
State Department Earlier this 
week President Alan Garcia 
gave a wanting that the profits 
made and taxes paid by other 
foreign companies in Peru 
would be scrutinized, beginning 
with the Southern Peru Copper 
Corporation, a subsidiary of the 
US Asarco consortium. 

Officials with long memories 
will recall that it was a 
confrontation with Exxon's 
Peruvian su bsidiary in 1968 
which set the military regime of 
President Juan Velasco Alva- 
rado off on a radical course of 
nationalization and anti-Ameri- 
can activism on the world stage. 

The State Department has 
notified Peru that US aid. 
which totalled S76.8 edition 
(£53 million) in 1985, may be 
cut unless Belco recieves 
prompt and adequate compen- 
sation. Belco refhsed last week 
to accept new tax and invest- 
ment requirements after four 


United States. 

Washington knew that he 
not he as. unconditionally" pro- 
American' as his' predecessor, 
Senor Fernando Bdaonde Ter- 
ry, Senor Garda’s triumph as 
fee candidate of the centre-left 
APRA party represented one 
more step along the road to 
democratic normality which the 
United States has been striving 
to encourage in L ati n America 
for many years. . 

It is widely. accepted that die 
time has come for a chang e in 
Peru. Under the conservative 
President Belaunde the econ- 
omy has stagnated, while 
inflation ran out of control and 
guerrilla warfare raged in the 
Andes. 



APRA’s platform of vague 
and moderate reform seemed 
vastly prefer a b l e, as far as 
Washington was concerned, to 
the sweeping nationalization 
and debt repudiation advocated 
by APRA's nearest rival, the 
United Uft (IU) coalition. At 
35, President Garcia had the 
energy and dynamism needed 
to get a demoralized country 
Koni r 


President Garcia: 
energy and dynamism 


months of negotiations. Presi- 
dent Garcia claimed that fee 
company had failed to use tax 
concessions granted by the 
previous Government to pros- 
pect for new offshore oilfields, 
as required by law.' 

President Garda's election 
Iasi July by an overwhelming 
majority was welcomed by the 


back on its feet. 

Many of the President’s 
actions have canted warm US 
approval. He has em b a r ke d on 
the first really, determined 
campaign to samp out the 
cocaine industry* has moved to 
eliminate corruption from the 
Administration and from the 
scandalously inefficient police 
force, and has prosecuted a 
vigorous campaign against the 
Maoist Sendero Luminoso 
(Shining Path] guerrillas, while 
endeavouring to restrain the 
security forces' more flagrant 
human rights abuses. 

But President Garda has also 
been a co ns t a nt source of 
anxiety and embarrassment to 
Washington, like President 
Velasco. Scfior Garda is a 
populist, unpredictable and 
wielding his social conscience 
tike a dub. 

He is also widty popular. His 
outspoken defence of Nica- 
ragua . friendly attitude towards 
Cuba and general refusal to go 
along with US foreign policy 
objectives all mark a radical 
departure from the policies of 
his immed i ate p re d ecessor. 


Wellington interested in 
Tunku’s Asean proposal 


Wellington - A suggestion 
lhal Australia and New Zealand 
should join the Association at 
South-East .Asian Nations 
i Assam has been greeted in 
Wellington with some surprise, 
buz also a good deal of interest 
(Richard Long writes!. 

The Deputy Prime Minister. 
Mr Geoffrey Palmer, said 
yesterday that the suggestion - 
from the former Prime Minister 
of Malaysia. Tunku Abdul 
Rahman - was of interest to 
New Zealand. 


Tunku Abdul Rahman, re- 
garded as the father of modem 
Malaysia and one of the 


founders of Asean. said the 
whole region would benefit “ 
while Mr Palmer said that 
this was “certainly a suggestion 
that we would want to look at” 
Asean diplomatic sources said 
that any such formal move 
from Asean was unlikely . 

While there had been specu- 
lation over foe yean that Asean 
should be expanded to zndode 
not only Australia and New 
Zealand, but also Japan. South 
Korea and Taiwan, this wb not 
favoured by fee member 
nations. The sources also 
pointed out that Sri Lanka’s 
application to join had been 
turned down. 


Mitterrand urges Voters 
to have political faith 


From Diana Geddes, Paris 


With only 10 weeks to gp to 
the critical French general 
elections on March 16. Presi- 
dent Mitterrand has made clear 
his intention to throw his frill 
■weight behind foe Socialists’ 
campaign, once 

confirmed his aim to remain in 
office, whatever die outcome of 
the election. 


in 16 years. France’s current 
account (foreign trade and 
invisibles) was finally in bal- 
ance: The franc was holding its 
own among the world's main 
currencies. Taxes had been 
reduced. 


i; 


In a remarkably political 
New Year message to the nation 
on television last night, M 
Mitterrand said it “was, of 
course, up to the people to 
choose wine* way to vote, but 
suggested that it would be a 
great pftyto throw away all that 
had been achieved on the 
economic and social front, 
particularly when the beneficial 
results of the Government's 


More difficulties lay ahead, 
he admitted, . but now was not 
the time to give up. 


t 


policies were just beginning to 
be felt. 


France was free and strong. It 
was the third greatest military 
power and the fifth greatest 
industrial power in the world. It 
was deeply engaged in the 
construction of Europe; it was 
listened to by the Thud'Wcidd; 
and - as was dear from the 
visitors to Paris during the past 
year - it was once again on the 
road to dfrtcnte and peace. 


After just over four years of 
hard work, the country was now 
on the right path, he said. Those 
who had predicted catastrophe 
on every posable front when 
die Socialists first came to 


M Mitterrand did ndt men- 
tion figures published earlier 
this week showing that the 
Socialists have foiled to keep yet 
another of their promises; to' 
reduce income tax and other 
compulsory levies by one 


* 


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Inflation was the lowest 
18 years. Unemployment had 
slopped rising for the first time 


point during .1985, 
tent of 


am 45.4 per cent ^ 

domestic product to 44.4 per 
cent. 


Grain 


IMPORTANT 

NOTICE 

IQalUl. OWNERS 0FA 
CLAIROL FOOT SPA 


The Clairol Foot Spa is a massaging footbath 
designed to revive tired and aching feet A very small 
number of Foot Spas sold between May 1982 and ’ 
December 1985 may contain a component which does 
not fneetCjairoTs exacting quality standards and in 
very remote circumstances may cause an electrical 
failure: 

’ Clairol's commitment to quality and safety is 
total, and therefore, although orfer one faulty unit has 

come to our attention, we are requesting the return <rf 
oft Foot Spas for inspection. 

IfyouownaFqotSpa. 

]> Fill in toe coupon below and send it together 
-with your Foot Spa to the address shown on the •* •* - 
coupon (no postage required). 

. 2) To prevert your Foot Spa being damaged4n. 
transit please ensure it is packed and wrapped 
adequately for protection. - . 

Your Foot Spa will be inspected and mailed fo; 
you within 28 days of receipt so you can continue to 
enjpy «s rewmg benefits. Vfe apologise for any-.', 
inconvenience this inspection pregramme may cause. 


Return to: FOOT SRft, FREEP0ST,EGHAM TW 208 BR 
NameJ__ ' :V '' '■* 


Address. 



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THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


c 



overseas news 


planning next move 


■* 

§:’S 

- "' r' & 

r-X 
:\ > ' * 


From Mi chae l Hornsby, Johannesburg 






>:■ 


The matriarch of South 
African black nationalism, Mrs 
Winnie Mandela, was said 
yesterday by her lawyers to be 
lying low “in a safe place" while 
die considers her next move in 
her bizarre' tussle of wills with 
the security police. 

A member of the legal firm 
representing her, Mr Prakash 
Diar, said that Mrs Mandela 
had not decided whether to defy 
again a government order 
banning her from living in her 
home in Soweto, the sprawling 
African township outside 
Johannesburg. 

“We are making arrange- 
ments for her to be medically 
examined,” Mr Diar said. 
“There is nothing seriously 
wrong with her, but die is 
exhausted and drained and 
needs a bit of a rest. Her views 
on her right to be in Soweto 
have not changed.” 

On her return last Monday 
from a visit to Cape Town, Mrs 
Mandela, in an episode that at 
rimes had elements of a 
keystone Cops, farce, was 
arrested by the police when they 
intercepted her car as h crossed 
ihe Johannesburg district 
boundary on its way to Soweto. 

After spending a night in a 
police cell in Krugersdorp, 
about 30 miles north-west of 
Johannesburg, she appeared in 
the magistrate's court. there on 
Tuesday and was released on 
bail of Rands 500 (£135). on 


condition that she obey the 
government order. 

. If she does not do so, she will 
risk hot . only rearrest but 
comtempt of court charges! Her 
Iawyersseem to be trying to rein 
. her in. at least until January 7 
when the Rand Supreme court 
is Sue io hear an- appeal a gainst - 
the. legal validity of the restrio- 
rioris imposed on her. - 
■ The strange drama began on 
the weekend before Christmas 
after. Mr Louis Le Grange, the 
Minister of Law and Order, had 
issued an edict prohibiting Mrs 
Mandela from being in the 
magisterial districts of Johan- 
nesburg and Roodepoort, which 
include Soweto. 

This decree replaced an 
earlier one ' banishing Mrs 
Mandela, who is the wife of Mr 
Nelson; Mandela, the jailed 
leader of the outlawed African 
National Congress (ANC), to a 
remote rural town in the Orange 
Free State. It was apparently 
intended as a concession but 
was not accepted as such by Mrs 
Mandela. . 

The security police, twice 
dragged Mrs Mandela forcibly 
from _ her Soweto home. The 
first time she was dumped at an 
airport hotel outside Johannes- 
burg. She made her way back to 
Soweto, was arrested again the 
next day, and held for a night in 
a police cell in Krugersdorp. 

On December 23, Mrs Man- 
dela appeared in the Johannes- 


Swazi coronation to 


burg magistrate’s court and was 
' released on a wanting to appear 
in the Krugersdorp magistrate’s 
court on January 22 to face 
charges still being formulated 
by the state. 

She then flew lo Cape Town, 
where she visited her husband a 
number of times over Christ- 
mas in the hospital section of 
PoUsmoor prison. 

Mr Mandela had his prostate 
gland, removed in early 
November. 

Meanwhile, Mr Le Grange, in 
an extraordinary Government 
Gazette published in Pretoria 
on Tuesday, has announced^ 
six-month ban on all indoor 
meetings by any one of 74 
named organizations in 30 
magisterial districts across the 
country. 

Outdoor meetings have been 
effectively banned throughout 
the country for some time, and 
political activity by extra-parlia- 
mentary opposition groups 
inside the 30 districts where a 
state of emergency, is in force is 
already severely curtailed. 

The new ban, however, 
affects 1 1 districts where the 
emergency has never been 
declared, and nine where it was 
in force but has been lifted. 
They are all in the Eastern Cape 
or the Orange Free State. The 
ban also covers 10 districts, in 
the Eastern Cape and the 
Johannesburg region, already 
covered by the. emergency. 



Botha sets terms for reforms 


From Our Own 
Correspondent 
- Johannesburg 
In a New Year’s Eve 
message, the South African 
President, Mr P. W. Botha, 
promised to press, ahead in 
1986 with “oar internal nego- 
tiation process” as reports 
came in of more deaths and 
violence in continuing unrest 
which has taken more than 
1,000 lives over the last 16 
months. 

Three black men were 
reported by the police to have 
been* shot dead in various parts 
of Cape Province daring Tues- 
day night and the early hoars 


of the first day of the new year, 
which promises to be as 
turbulent as its predecessor. 

In Bontehenwel in the 
Western Cape, the police said 
they killed a man when they 
fired on a crowd that had 
attacked their patroL In town- 
ships in the northern and 
eastern Cape, government 
officials shot dead two men 
after mobs allegedly attacked 
their homes. 

Mr Botha said that in 1985 
Sooth Africa had had to “resist 
unprecedented interference in 
our domestic affairs”. Terrorist 
forces “operating and con- 
trolled from outside” had tried 


to Overwhelm the country 

Significant reforms had been 
achieved over a number of 
years, Mr Botha maintained, 
“but the world at large still 
demands more of ns, and 
virtually overnight, without 
contemplating the disastrous 
results for onr country”. 

The door was open to 
negotiations which coald lead 
to a political solution satisfac- 
tory to all. but, Mr Botha 
declared. the Government 
would not shirk its duty to 
uphold “Christian values and 
civilized norms”, a phrase that 
is often code language for 
“white political control”. 


The wreckage of the DC3 
plane in which the singer 
Rick Nelson, his fiancee and 
five members of his band 
died in a crash on Tuesday, 
lying in a field near DeKalb, 
Texas. The pilot had been 
attempting an emergency 
landing because of a fire on 
board which bad filled the 
cockpit with smoke. The 
pilot and co-pilot survived 
the crash but were in a 
critical condition in hospital 
yesterday. Mr Nelson, aged 
45, was on his way to Dallas 
to perform with his group. 
The Stone Canyon Band. 


Obituary, page 14 


Duvalier 
picks a 
fresh team 

Port-au-Prince (AP) - Presi- 
dent Duvalier has disbanded his 
inner cabinet and replaced 
Haiti’s police chief after a 
month of unrest following the 
deaths by shooting of four 
children in a protest against the 
regime. 

Appointments include: 
Foreign Affairs, George Salo- 
mon; Interior and Defence, 
Pierre Mcrceron; Justice, Jean 
Vandal; Industry and Com- 
merce, Raymond Thomas; 
national police chief, Colonel 
Grcgoire Figero. 

More mouths 

New York (AFP) - The world 
population grew by 79 million 
people io 4.842 billion in ihe 
year to mid- 1 985, according to 
UN statistics. 

Police chief shot 

Guatemala City (AP) - 
Gunmen in a small looy 
ambushed and killed Guatema- 
la’s secret police chief Colonel 
Ignacio Gonzalez Palacios, as 
he drove with his wife, Juvenii- 
na. She was unhurt. 

Live Aid off 

Peking (Reuter) - Chinese 
television cancelled at the last 
moment a broadcast of the Live 
Aid concert “for technical 
reasons”. 

Dinner break 

Brussels (Reuter) - Fourteen 
prisoners including a murderer 
escaped from jail in Arlon, 
south-east Belgium, by taking 
warders hostage after a New 
Year's Eve dinner. 


end royal intrigue 

From Oar Own Correspondent, Johannesburg 

; • Political stability seems to be according to which the mother 
'..T' returning to the small African of the future king cannot 

./ kingdom of Swaziland after become queen before her son is 

; : ' - more than three years of almost crowned. 

. .f :; - continuous intrigue, coups and A .turning-point in the 

' ]■ ’■ ’i counter-coups as members of ■ struggle for - power was the 

^ the royal family waged a dismissal last October from the 

• . j Byzantine struggle for power in Supreme Council of State, of 

: z. t the vacuum left by the death in Prince Mfenasibili Diamini, a 

r - A 1982 of the venerable King relative of the late long, and Dr 

_ Sobhuza 11. George Msibi, aiT influential 

“ A date April 25 - has now commoner. who had 
« tieCQ fo r the coronation of maneouvred their way to 

^ UlCI 1 Crown Prince Makhosetive. positions of despotic power and 

There is no rule of primogeni- thwarted all previous attempts 

tuns in Swaziland, where the to.dislodge them. 

Idm aristocracy is polygamous, and On New Year’s Eve, five 
the Prince was chosen by a prominent Swazis, who had 
secret tribal council from fallen foul of the two men and 
among the late monach’s many had been in prison without trial 
sons. for many months, were par- 

Thc young king-to-be, who doned .by the Queen Regent 
■ r ~ has only recently returned from They are Dr Sishayj Nxunjalo. a 
hoarding school in England, is former finance minister, - Mr 
: thought lo be aged about 17 or Tilus Msibi, a'! former com- 

. ; 18. He has had little public . missioner of police, and Mr 

.- ^ exposure so far and few of his Edgar Hillary, his former 

subjects have even heard the deputy. Mr . Mangomeni Ndzi- 
1 sound of his voice. maridze . a former army chief 

_ .’ There is evidence that the and another army officer. Major j 
pre-coronation rituals have Abednigo Diamini. •' ' 
been considerably speeded up to Dr Nxumalb. who is regarded 

allow Prince Makhosetive to as one of the ablest Swazi 
. - ascend the throne in • ApriL politicians, was dismissed from 

Normally, the Crown Prince has his ministerial post in June 
’- "■ to wait until he is 21. As bis 1984 , shortly after he had; 
. exact birthdate has never been revealed details of a customs ! 
• make public, however, this is a duty fraud In which he alleged 
detail that can probably be that some high-placed Swazis, 
fudged. including by implication Prince 

One of the reasons for speed Mfenasibili, .were involved, 
is the desire to legitimize the It remains to be seen whether 
z.:- position of Prince Makhose- the notice King will be able to 
live’s mother. Queen N iambi, bring peace to the waning 
who, in the intriguing after King factions. Ruling a kingdom 
Sobhuza’s death, was installed almost totally- surrounded by, 
“■ : as Queen-Regent in the place of and economically dependent 
* - f Queen Dzeliwe, the late mon- on. South Africa, he will also 
. . - arch’s own choice as regent have a difficult path to tread in 
This violated Swazi tradition, foreign policy. 


Grain harvest falls 



Peking pulls back on 



Peking (NYT) - Faced with 
one of the sharpest drops in the 
size of the grain harvest in 36 
years of Communist rule, 
China's leaders have decided to 
adopt a more cautious policy 
next year that will defer further 
relaxation of controls on pea- 
sant producers and seek to put 
grain yields back on a rising 
path. 

The pull-back from the 
ambitious pace of change that 
' had been set in recent years was 
; announced in Peking at a 

- '.special conference on the 

- T situation in rural areas. Details 

were made public on Monday 
1° a report by the New China 
News Agency, which also 
revealed a figure for the 1985 
: harvest of “dose” to 380 
' - million tons, 27 million tons 
. below the record figure for 1984 
I * but considerably better than the 
government estimate of about 
354 milli ons tons made two 
weeks ago. 

China remains the world's 
. largest grain producer with a 
Top nearly twice that expected 
his year in the Soviet Union 
l?-- ind import requirements that 
ire substantially -lower. Grain 
locks from 1984 are at record 
. evels, and officials have said 

- V . hat a second poor yield next 

car would cause no immediate 
urdship. 

•: However the political impli- 
■■"'^lions of the decrease are 
C onsiderable, .pafticulary when 
. -i-nnsidered with other retreats 
‘ treed in recent months on the 
/form-minded leade r shi p - of 
lr Deng Xiaoping. 

The importance of the issue 
^ as reflected in the national 
^ pc of the agricultural confer- 
y vx in Peking. Among the 
X leakers were several leading 
.gures involved in the policy ' 
ranges. Extracts from speeches 
iggesied that the meeting was 


held , to stem an erosion in. 
morale resulting from the grain 
shxmp . and - to makg dear that 
there would, be no retreat from 
tiie. general lines of the rural 
policy under Mr Deng. 

- In much the same way, the 
Prime Minister, Mr Zhao 
Ziyang. had to call an emerg- 
ency conference-last February to 
defend and cut back a package 
of liberalizing urban measures 
that had been hit by a wave of| 
irresponsible bank-borrowing 
and - corruption only months 
after they were announced. 

In other cautionary moves 
recently, Mr Deng and his 
associates pulled back on some 
cultural freedoms that had been 
a feature of their stewardship, 
admonishing writers who had 
begun to develop a more 
personal and critical style of 
literature to stick to “socially 
uplifting” themes that serve the 
policies, of .the Communist 
Party. ■ 

. Several- avant-garde plays 
have been shut recently and on 
Sunday, in a move affecting 
lens of millions of readers, 
publishing houses were ordered 
to stop printing the mania! arts 
novels that have become a 
national vogue. 

Because China is still over- 
whelmingly a peasant country 
more than 800 million of the 
country’s billion people five in 
the countryside - and because it 
was among the peasants that Mr 
Deng gained the momentum to 
turn much that he inherited 
upside down, the agricultural 
setbacks are potentially the 
most disruptive development. 
But the tone adopted by Mr 
Zhao and officials at the rural 
conference suggested that they 
are confident of being able to 
resolve the problems, v 




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What better way to start the New Year than with 
a rise in interest rates? 

If you move into a Woolwich Capital Account 
fiat’s what you’ll get 

Our net rate has gone up to 9.52% net which is 
worth 9.75% p.a. if you leave the interest in. 

For basic rate taxpayers that’s equivalent to 
13.92%. 

These are truly exceptional figures for a no risk 
investment, especially when you consider how simple 
our terms are. 

The minimum investment is just £500 and 
there’s no upper limit to the amount you can invest 

Interest is normally paid every six months but 
you can take it monthly if you prefer. 

When you want to make a withdrawal, it’s best 
to give us 90 days’ notice. Then interest is paid right 
up to the last day. However, you can always have 
instant access if you need it You just give up the last 
90 days’ interest 

There’s one exception. If you leave over £10,000 
in your account, you can make instant withdrawals 
without penalty subject to normal branch limits. 


So call in at your local Woolwich Branch, or fill 
in the coupon and send it to: Woolwich Equitable 
Building Society, Investment Department FREEPOST 
Bexleyheath, Kent DA7 6BP. 


1/We enclose a cheque foriL 


.* to be invested in a 


Woolwich Capital Account With interest added half yearly □ OR pad as 
Monthly Income □ 1 AVe understand the rates may vary: "Min £500. 
Please send me information on the Woolwich Capital Account O 

No stamp required. Tick box if required. 


I — The Woolwich Capital Account. — s 

i 
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L— - 


Namefs) 


Address 


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T/I8 


WOOLWICH 

EQUITABLE BUILDING SOCIETY 


You’re better off with the Woolwich. 


1 


> • 


















restores 
rights of 


wa ke of martial e S™ r 


From Hasan Alt liter k bTwahw! 

_ Federal Cabinet members in an Islamabad English daily who: 
FaKistan have offered their claimed ..to have ga thenar 
resignations to Mr Mohammad' reactions from several cities in' 
Khan Jonejo, the Prime. Minis-' Sind, ."said'" ' there was no 
ter, to enable him to reconsti- jitoflation in the streets because 
tute his government after the' General Jahandad Khan, 
endmg of martial .. law .. on .though retired from the army, 
Monday. The Sind cabinet has 1 was seen as- a continuation of 
simnarly resigned although military rule in Sind, 
ministers in both cabinets Sind was the home province 
continue as caretaker govern- of the executed Prime Minister 

mmlD w. n> j. _ _ _ j 


meats. 

The resignations were osten- 


Mr -Z nlfikar Ali Bhutto . and 
violent political riots took place 


sibly to respond to the ehanwyi there in xnia-1983. • 

ulj. .n ; Mr AMnl Hami 


environment which, allows pot- Mr Abdul Hamid Jatoi, a. 
itical activity and the.reorgani- member^ of par l ia m ent from 
zation of parties under an ®nd, said in a statement that 
amended Political Parties Act. the Army had been deployed in 
Mr Junejo who has been a sind *o cori> any adverse 
senior member of the Pagaia political reaction. No official 
faction of the Pakistan Muslim confirmation was available 
League, and is considered a . although President Zia said on 
political weakling, is known to Monday that the Government, 
be keen to install and lead a had taken lull security measures. 
Muslim League Government. m the country. 

T . . . A. press report from Hydera-.. 

it is predicted however mat had said. six. men sentenced by a 
political activity will take time military court on r fr 3r B ff* of 
10 PJ ck “P aft *T. eight-and-h^f being dacoits and possessing 
years of martial law. The illegal arms, were flogged on 


j. - ^ ~ .. . iiiwgyu ai iu.\ vrwo uuk» 

formation of administrations Tuesday, a .day after the 
may not be altogether trouble* withdrawal of 'martial law. - 
“ ree - .Although . military, courts -have 


• • A . IWli liliJ, wvuu 

Meanwhile, there has been a bow been disbanded, martial 
strong reaction to the appoint- law eider 107 issued by General 


meat of a former general from Zia on the day martial law was 
Punjab as Governor of Sind. All withdrawn stated that pending 
the other provinces have gover- convictions and sentences 
nors from the region. " A would still be carried out. 


Karachi-based correspondent of 

New party 
launched 
for Ershad 

From Ahmed Fazl 

D haka . 

The military Government of 
Bangladesh yesterday launched 
a new political party to fight the 
opposition alliances in general 
elections promised by April. 

A formal announcement of 
the Jatiyo [National] Party was 
made by the Public Works 

** M - ^lf 4a SL wh ° Tbe President himself seems 
haS J^-.K Ppol S ed SEtretary_ to share a sense of the : 

^ brittleness .of his position. 
■Hie party , mdudes all foe -Demricracy has been continu- 
Cabinet ministers in the IS- ^ at year « he said 1 

member presidium. . Its -Wh- ^ montlL ^ ^ tion of 
ing coincided with the lifting of hcad of ^ ^ pEmanently 
a jp-month .ban on open ^ ^ balance, witha sword of - 
politics and union activities. DamodSovff its head.” ’ ‘ ‘ 

Dr .Malm raid it wojdd be If/ 1985- was- unstable, the - 
mn under the l^da gup ;^ prospects lor ^Salvador tor* * 
President Ershad. but that the year appear stfll more oncer- 1 
general would not hold any tain . , 

party office at themomrat Private conversations with 

A 57-menibei_ National senior officers, make it clear 1 
Executive Commtteevras also that the militery are restless, j 
ionped, but toe po sitio n 0 1 feeling they have demonstrated 
chairman was kept vacant- exceptional restraint so for. The 
presumably for General Ershad Government, it can be 

when he decides to be a civilian with certainty, is perceived 

PI GenCTiLI Ersh»4 w^O;«raed 

power in March 1982,.has yetto President D&rte announced 
name dates for ^rbamen^y ^ Flida ^ extreme 
and presidential polls and the right were trying to provoke the 
lifting of martial law. . Army into a coup. So fer this 

The new party is macte up of has been ignored but diplomats 
fivejwrties, mcluding the pro- fed it could" gain in appeal ■ 
Eisnad JanadaL unless the Government takes' 

Meanwhile, bjmdrrfs of. steps in the next six months to 
thoi^nds ofpeople toned out restore m tattered credibility.. 
in Dhaka yesterday for rallies . 

organized by the opposition As one officer said: “imagine 
anwiipw to demand the lifting how a military co mm a n der feels . 
of martial law. when he comes home to the city 

Sheikh Hasina Waxed; chief after a dangerous 25-day oper- 
of a 1 5-party alliance, called for ation against the guerrillas and 
a half-day general strike in the disco vats • that .the . Duarte 
capital on Sunday to protest government which he never 
against military rule and to much trusted anyway - is not 
support the continuing indus- just mish a ndfin g the economy, 
trial action by about 250,000 and therefore helping the 
jute mill workers, engineers, guerrillas^, but actually pocket- 
doctors and agricultural - offio mg publidmoney.” 
ere. few doubt the honesty of 

Ethiopia food-producing 
areas hit by drought 

By Paul Vailely V 

The famine in Ethiopia is grazing land and last year did 
spreading from the denuded not suffer baddy in the drought- 
highlands in the. north to the 
food-producing areas in the ® ut » Tecc P t 
south and tiasL . * have been reporting 

As a result, though the growmg .members of both 
continuing food emergency will f and fow^nd tenants 

affect fewer people in 1986 than entering food distribution cep- 
31 did last year, it may prove tos in -toe region. There are. 
more difficult to combat, fields^ awording ro 

according to reports from relief theretief agency, but toe lade of 
workers. rain means they do not produce 

Mr Fred Cuny. toe chairman se ^._ = _ ... j_ . 

of toe disaster assessment -nie ^vemmen^Relief and 
consultancy Intertect srito Commission 

“Historically, - drought and esu “ ate s ^ lJ - miaion 
famine in Ethiopia move from Pg°Pk m Tiarage are now 
the north to toe south and east. a®* 6 * agnculmg 

That is what we are seeing here, production in toe area will be 

The drought is moving into the « P» « ^ 
traditional food-producing figures for. the total Ethiopian 
areas." popnplation-in need of aid this 

Mr Cuny. who is now 3^ * ? i Imfflion. They will 
working in the Harage area of 1,158,000 tons 
Ethiopia, played a significant 
part in the success of the they did in 1985. 
organization of toe camp in the Mr Maurice Strong, head of 
eastern Sudan which took in -UN’s Office for Emergency 
hundreds of thousands of Operations in Africa, says that 
Ethiopian refugees last year. ■■ -the 20 countries worst affected ! 

The highlands of Harage are by toe. drought will need $1.03 , 
usually prime cereal lands, billion worth- of aid this year 
producing sorghum and com. compared . with almost $3 
The lowlands provide good billion last year. 


Spectrum, page 10 


‘ From Vjjitha Yapa 
Colombo 

The former Prime Minister 
of Sri Lanka, Mrs Sirima 
Bandanmaike, was gives a free 
pardon and had her civic rights 
restored by President Jayewar- 
dene yesterday. 

* Mis Ban d ar an a O c e , who bad 
been Prime Minister for' two 
terms -in the early 1960s and 
1970s, was deprived of her civic 
rights for seven years by 
Parliament on October 16, 
1980. She was also expelled 
from Parliament. 

The vote was taken after a 
presidential commission which 
inquired into her condnct 
daring her tom of office in the 
2970s found her guilty of abuse 
of power. Loss of dvic rights 
meant Mis Bandanmaike was 
not able to contest the presi- 
dential elections in 1982 nor 
participate on election plat- 
forms on .behalf of candidates 
from her Sri Lanka Freedom 
Party. 

It is believed the decision by 
President Jayewardene may be 
part - of a plan to get a 
consensus with the Freedom 
Party on an approach to a 
proposed fresh dialogue with 
Tamil parties to find a solution 
to the island’s ethnic crisis. 

• Election call: Honrs after 
her pardon was announced Mrs 

tiawriitra m» ibp wilUtl for a 

general election (Renter re- 
ports). 

She said: “The biggest 
problem facing toe country 
today is the ethnic issne. Have 
a general election and let the 
people decide.” 


Duarte may be replaced 

Growing threat to 
Salvador regime 

From John f^arHn, San Salvador 


Talk is is the air, among 
powerful -political and military 
groups in El Salvador, of toe 
possible replacement of Presi- 
dent Jose Napoleon Duarte. . . 


of toe disaster assessment 
consultancy Intertect said: 
“Historically, - drought and 


President Duarte himself. But ] 
there is a view widely held - I 
even among his own party 
members - that cynics close to 
the President are cashing. in on 
the weakness long described 
both by critics and friends as a 
“naive tendency to. selfde- 
luson”. 

•Sehor Duarte came to power 
18 months ago, believing be 
alone had toe recipe for a 
negotiated peace in El Salvador. 
Today, as the head of the army 
chiefs of staff recently noted, 
“dialogue is impossible”- The 
end of the six-year civil war 
whether by political or military 
means, remains a distant 
dream.- • 

This “unsatisfied expec- 
tation”, as one union leader put 
it, has cost the President dearly | 
..The right-wing core of the , 
private sector - adamant in ; 
their extraordinary conviction 
that Sefior Duarte is "a 
communist” - have been 
exasperated by what one promi- 
nent businessman described as 
a “general sense of helplessness 
ana disintegration”. 

.The military have proposed 
the fo rming of a “crisis” or 
“war Cabinet” to try to inject 
some urgency and direction mto 
the funning of the country. 

' Unemployment stands at:40 
per , cent, and economic 
measures due to be introduced 
are . expected, even by the ; 
Government, to boost inflation j 
dramatically.. 

. According to well-placed 
insiders, toe signs -of strain are 
showing on the President. More 
emotional than practical in his 
response 10 problems, according 
to one , aide, Senor Duarte is 
said to be quick these days to fly 
into a rage. ! 

12 shot dead 
in Thai jail 
escape attempt 

. -From Neil Kelly I 

Bangkok 

Police and soldiers yesterday 
toot dead 12 prisoners armed ' 
with- - grenades as they 
attempted to escape from a jail 
in north-east Thailand behind 
a screen of six hostages, - 
according to a police spokes- 
man at Sakhon. 

The six hostages, including a 
woman, were wounded by 
gunfire and by grenade shrap- 
nel as the prisoners forced their 
way throng the prison gates, 
hurling grenades. 

The prisoners, all serving life 
sentences, had been holding the 
hostages, who included toe 
prison governor, for 24 hours. 
Another prisoner was shot dead 
when the prisoners, demanding 
escape cats ami weapons, 
seized toe hostages on Tues- 
day. 

It was toe third prison .revolt 
in fibre months in which 
hostages had been seized by 
prisoners serving very long 
sentences or under sentence of 
death. 

Thai lawyers blame over- 
crowding in prisons and the 
amnesty system for the unrest. 


Iran to move trade away from raids 


Iran also is 


to be 


Nicosia <AP) - Iran an- seventh .anniversary . of the lr ^ n aiso is sna to De 

nnuncEd* 1 vesterdav thaHt ™ establishment of the Islamic developing od export terminals 
nouncca yestcraay mar it was lhe at Ganaven. which is about 25 

preparing to open three new 0 ^ throwoftlieS jj a j 1 m jo 7 p miles north-east of Kharg, and 

rjr p ^ CTaboutliaItaydownae 

oflraqTi^ SSible fr0 ™ ^ re3Ch SSSftaSSlSSii.jSS: ' I™ “d i™, ta« ten ai 

01 Iraqi ieis. Irna added. war since September 1980, and 

The" official Islamic Republic The report refereed to the J™ 1 !' ^ jets since mid- August have 
News Agency (Irna), monitored new jetties in the context of conducting almost daily 
in Nicosia, said that a new jetty, trade in goods, but made no raids on Kharg island and 
at Jask would be operational mention of their possible, use for. peno<» c raw*, on oil ana 
next month' to coincide with the oil export. . •• merchant ships in toe uuIl 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 21986 



! Son Sami’s 
removal as 
Khmer chief 


-OVERSEAS NEWS 7 

Auckland arms haul 

Australia ‘base for 


lUUW tillU wo a 

reported weapon smuggling’ 




Mrs Imelda Marcos wife of the Philippines president, 
visiting the Santa Cruz district of Manila yesterday 
where she ordered road and drainage system repairs. 

Manila expels Chinese 
dancer in spy tangle 

Manila (AP) - The Philip- According to information 
pines has expelled a Chinese gathered by local immigration 
ballet dancer who was ques- officials, Ms Lee arrived in toe 
tioned by American officials as Philippines in 1983 and had an 
a possible Chinese spy involved affair with a US Embassy 
in a love affair with a US worker she identified only as 
Embassy worker, a Philippine “David” before Em tossy 

official source said yesterday. officials broke off toe relation- 
US Embassy officials refused ship, 
to comment. The source said Philippine 

Lee Hongying, aged 23, was officials had no information 
deported to China on Tuesday about her alleged spying activi- 
after toe Chinese authorities ties, but that US officials 
agreed to admit the woman, suspected “toe Chinese had let 
who had attempted suicide her loose,” meaning she had 
three times while in custody in been sent out to gather infer- 
tile Philippines, said the official, mation. 


From Neil Kelly 
Bankok 

Serious internal quarrels 
which threaten the existence of 
the _ biggest non-communist 
faction in the Cambodian 
resistance appear to have led to 
the overthrow of Mr Son Sann, 
aged 74, leader of the Khmer 
Peoples National Liberation 
Front (KPNLF) by a group led 
by his military commander, ' 
General Salt Sitsakhan. 

Mr Son Sann is also Prime i 
Minister in the coalition govern- i 
meat figh t in g Vietnamese occu- 
pation forces, a post he could 
scarcely continue to hold if he is 
deposed as liberation leader. 

General Sak claims he has 
temporarily taken over the 
leadership but is seeking a new 
President among the group’s 
elder statesmen. 

Mr Son Sana, a former Prime 
Minister of Cambodia, who is in 
Bangkok, cannot visit 140,000 
KPNLF civilians in camps near 
the border because his oppo- 
nents say he is not welcome 
there and consequently there are 
fears for his safety. 

The Thai army have told hfm 
it would not be appropriate for 
him to go to the area while his 
opponents say his exclusion 
from the border camps shows 
wbo is in control. Mr Son San" 
has appealed to General Sak 
and his chief of staff. General 
Dien Del, to return to toe fold. 

Apart from his immediate 
aides, nobody in the liberation 
front has spoken out for Mr Son 
Sann. Civilian administrators in 
charge of the refugee camps as 
well as the militar y leader 
appear to favour his departure. 

Differences in toe KPNLF 
leadership reached breaking 
point four mouths ago when Mr 
Son Sann dismissed from the 
ruling executive committee Dr 
Abdul Gaffer and Mr Hing 
Kun toon. The reasons have not 
official])’ been disclosed imt 
well-informed sources say Mr 
Son Sann was dissatisfied with 
the way toe two men had 
handled financial aid from 
foreign countries. 


From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

The discovery 'of an arms says in its annua! report that 
cache in New Zealand has traffickers are focusing more 
started an investigation by and more on toe country as a 
Australian police amid height- market and as a conduit for 
ened concern that toe country heroin from South East Asia to 
has become a main source of Europe and toe United States, 
contraband weaponry in the . ...... . 

region. A senior official for toe 

, . , customs officers’ union com- 

mousand5 of rounds of mented that anti-smuggling 
ammunition and magazines operations in Australia had 
found on the French freighter become so ineffective that toe 
? C -u e Luraiere in Auckland Government might as well issue 
torbour on Monday were an open invitation to drug and 
described by Mr Geoffrey arms dealers to set up shop 
Palmer, toe New Zealand here 

Deputy ITime Minister, as “a Mr Bob Spanswick, federal 
snoppmg list filled in Australia secretary of toe union, raid that 
. or ^ crs la ^ en in New the customs service often did 
t-aieooma. nol ^ ave t j, e staff to carry out 

It was toe third discovery in even routine checks, such as 
the past few months of arms that which Jed to the arms being 
despatched from Australia to detected in New Zealand- 
New Caledonia, where right- 

wing French settlers are engaged • WELLINGTON: New 
in a sporadic armed conflict Zealand customs officers are 
with Kanak nationalists seeking expected to target New Caledo- 
independence. nia-bound vessels for closer 

Customs ineffectiveness and j£ s P ecuon seizure of 

loose gun control make Austin- ammunition and magazines 
lia a logical base for arms Orchard Long writes), 
smuggling, police say. In some Mr Palmer said yesterday 
states it is possible to buy that New Zealand could learn a 
ammunition without a weapons lesson from toe incident and 
licence or even proof of from similar events in Ausira- 
identity. lia. “We do not want to be used 

Four Frenchmen have been as a base for gun-running any 
convicted since November in more than toe Australians do,” 
trials in Australia of attempting he said. 

While thc o^ers of the 
nitron to New Caledonia. French freighter have argued 

The inadequacy of Australian thai the ammunition could be 
customs procedures has been purchased legally in Australia. 


implicitly confirmed by 


Mr Palmer replied that the 


United Nations watchdog cache, hidden in the ship’s 
group, thc International Nar- engine room, was not mcn- 
cotics Control Board, which tioned on thc manifest. 

MPs face drug charges 

Pori Louis. Mauritius (Reuter) Cumin.’ Mr Saitceanand 
- Four Mauritians arrested after Pdladoah and Mr Ismael 
£700,000 worth of heroin was Nawoor. They appeared in 
allegedly found in their luggage at court in Harlem on Tuesday 
Amsterdam airport are members an ^ remanded in custody, 
of Parliament, toe Mauritian Dutch police alleged that 
Prime Minister. Mr Aneerood about 44 pounds of heroin was 
Jugnauth, said yesterday- found in their suitcases on 

Mr Jugnauth named them as toeir arrival at Schipol airport 
Mr Serge Thomas. Mr Kim from Bombay last Friday. 





HAPPIER 
NEW YEAR 1 


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Thanks to the high security signature strip 
and to a complex hologram the new card’s a lot 
harder to tamper with. 

However, it’s still a 
temptation to the criminal 
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. Therefore the 
Mowing are well worth 
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Year’s resolutions: ; ''Wm 

1: Your new card is an advan- ^ y 

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look after it carefully. .v ■ - : c &' *"-** • 

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3 . Then destroy your old card by cutting it in half. 

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cheque book in separate places. 

5. Never leave them unattended (in your car or in a 
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Card theft is big 

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OVERSEAS NEWS A-AW 


Afghanistan presents 
timetable for 
Soviet troop withdrawal 


Washington. (NYT). - The 
Afghan Government has infor- 
mally presented a timetable for 
the withdrawal of all Soviet 
troops from Afghanistan within 
a one-year period as part of an 
overall accord, a senior State 
Department official said on 
Tuesday. 

He said the schedule for the 
withdrawal of the 120,000 
Soviet soldiers was shown to the 
United Nations Under-Sec- 
retary General for Political 
Affairs, Senor Diego Gordovez 
of Ecuador, during the United 
Naiioos-sponsored talks on a 
political scttlcmetnt in Afghan- 
istan held in Geneva last 
month. 

An agreement on a timetable 
Tor the pullout of Soviet troops 
has been the major stumbling 
clock in the negotiations, the 
official said. 

In earlier rounds or talks, 
progress has been made in 
resolving issues such as the 
future of the existing Soviet- 
backed Government the return 
of Afghan refugees from Pakis- 
tan. new elections, and guaran- 
tees of non-interference in 
Afghanistan, the official said. 

He said that while the 


New Year’s 
party ends 
in massacre 

Paris (AFP) - Found Boua- 
houane. aged 32. burst into a 
New Year's party at his 
estranged wife’s home, shot 

dead his parents-in-law. then 
drove home and killed his three 
children before committing 
suicide. 

His wife. Helene, aged 27. 
escaped unhurt. Her sister 
Marie-Rose, 25, who was shot 
in the stomach, is in a critical 
condition. 

Book returned 
85 years late 

Harrisburg. Pennsylvania 
(API - Townsend's Collection, a 
battered 328-year-old leather- 
bound volume of British laws 
which disappeared between 
IS23 and 1900. has been 
returned secretly to the Penn- 
sylvania State Library. 

Mr Elliott Shelkrot, the State 
librarian, said the overdure 
charge would have been thou- 
sands of dollars, “but what’s 
important is that it was 
returned. It is an original, and 
irreplaceable". 

Pilgrim death 

Delhi fAP) - A young man 
was trampled to death in a 
stampede when thousands of 
pilgrims left queues and rushed 
to enter the historic Hindu 
temple at Tirumala, in Andhra 
Pradesh. 

Mild shock 

Niles. Ohio (AFP) - Richard 
Bly, aged 38. a former teacher 
who gave shocks with a home- 
made electric chair to boys 
between 13 and 20 was sen- 
tenced to pay a token $200 
(£140) fine. Police said the boys 
considered it a game. 

Festive tragedy 

Darmstadt, West Germany 
f*P) - Two young West 
German men died when they 
tried to set off a home-made 21b 
firework on an empty lot as part 
of New Year festivities. 


informal presentation of a 
withdrawal timetable has a 
positive development, there 
would be no accord until all the 
elements of the package were 
agreed to. 

The troop withdrawal plan 
was not officially presented by 
the Afghan Foreign Minister, 
Shah Mohammed Dost, be- 
cause the Pakistani foreign 
minister. Sahabzada Yaqub 
Khan, refused to negotiate 
directly with him until he 
produced a guarantee that the 
Soviet Government would 
vouch for the timetable, the 
official said. 

The next round of Geneva 
talks on Afghanistan is sched- 
uled for next month, and the 
Administration official said: 
“There is reason to be optimis- 
tic even though the last meeting 
adjourned without results.” 

Afghanistan was discussed 
extensively at the summit 
meeting in Geneva in 
November between President 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachov, Mr 
Reagan was said to have come 
a wav from the meeting believ- 
ing 'that Mr Gorbachov was 
interested in a political solution 
to the Afghan problem. 


A crucial demand of the 
United States has been that the 
Soviet Union produce a time- 
table for the withdrawal of its 
troops. Until the latest session, 
the Geneva talks had dealt with 
other subjects, such as new 
elections in Afghanistan. 

In addition to the informal 
presentation of a withdrawal 
plan, there were other grounds 
for optimism, the senior official 
said. In a recent speech to 
foreign diplomats is Moscow, 
Mr Gorbachov also seemed to 
be suggesting a willingness to 
consider a deaL 

The official said: “While we 
have every right to be sceptical 
- to lake an Tfl believe it when 
I see it* attitude - I know that 
Afghanistan is so costly to the 
Soviets, in terms of dollars and 
prestig that it seems logical to 
me that they might well be 
seeking an exit.” 

Whether Moscow would be 
willing to negotiate a troop 
withdrawal before the next 
summit meeting with President 
Reaganis not clear, but any 
progress would be noted at that 
session, Mr Gorbachov has 
agreed to visit the United States 
this year. 


FAO official sent to London 


Assault on Falklands 
fish causes alarm 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 


An official from the Food 
and Agriculture Organization is 
due in London shortly for 
urgent talks on what has been 
described as one of the biggest 
assaults on wildlife since the 
massacre of the American 
buffalo. 

The “assault** is taking place 
in the waters off the Falkland 
islands, one of the last unregu- 
lated fishing regions in the 
world, where a growing armada 
of foreign fishing vessels is 
destroying the waters' stock of 
blue whiting; hake and squid. 

According to some estimates 
the huge fishing grounds of the 
South Atlantic could be vir- 
tually finished within three 
years unless urgent action is 
taken. 

The Falkland Islanders have 
urged Britain to declare an 
exclusive 200-mile fisheries 
zone around the Falklands and 
South Georgia. They maintain 
that such a move would not 
only conserve fish stocks within 
the immediate area of the 
islands but would also provide 
them some revenue through 
licence fees. 

At present the islands earn 
virtually nothing from the £50 
million worth of fish which is 
being taken from the South 
Atlantic fishing grounds each 
season. 

Britain has resisted such an 
idea, however, on the ground 
that it would be almost 
impossible for the Royal Nary 
to police effectively at 8,000 
miles range a unilateral fisheries 
limit that was constantly being 
challenged by Argentina and the 
nations fishing most heavily in 
those waters - the Soviet 
Union, Poland. Spain, Bulgaria, 
Japan and Korea. 

A survey commissioned from 
Dr John Beddington of Imperial 
College London has also per- 
suaded the Government that 
while the increasingly heavy 
fishing around the islands gives 
cause for concern, it is not as 
critical as the islanders and 


some other fisheries experts 
make out. 

Instead Britain has been 
pressing for the negotiation of a 
multilateral fisheries accord 
through the FAO. 

Negotiations are being com- 
plicated by Britain and Argen- 
tina's rival claims to sover- 
eignty over the Falklands and 
the surrounding waters. 

After months of behind-the- 
scene diplomacy. Britain and 
Argentina have both told the 
FAO they are prepared to 
’’freeze" the sovereignty issue so 
that progress can be made on 
what both countries recognize 
to be an urgent problem. 

However, because of the 
delicacy of the political issues at 
stake, the FAO is having to 
proceed with extreme caution. 
The organization's first task is 
to produce a technical study of 
the current fishing activities in 
the South Atlantic and assess 
the extent to which fish stocks, 
are being over-exploited. 

This will not be completed at 
least until late spring, by which 
time the present fishing season 
will be at its peak: Only then 
will the FAO be in a position to 
consider what kind of multi- 
lateral approach could be 
adopted. 

The FAO has been instru- 
mental in the post in setting up 
fisheries management conven- 
tions in other pans of the world 
which could serve as models for 
the South Atlantic. 

“But there are unresolved 
political considerations in this 
case,” a senior FAO official 
said. “We hope our study win at 
least lead to a recognition try all 
of the countries involved of the 
need to get together to solve this 
problem without fust resolving 
the political issues arising from 
the Falklands dispute.” 

But by that time another 
fishing season will be over and 
thousands of tons of whiting, 
hake and squid will have been 
scoupcd from the South Atlan- 
tic waters. 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1936 


What the leaders said 

^ r ' '■ 

We can bridge the gap 



V 

Bft#K - 1 : 


3- 











The Israeli Prime Minister, Mr Shimon Peres, speaking 
in the Knesset yesterday when be accused Colonel 
Gadaffi of Libya of running a “murder-state”. 

Kidnapped Lebanese 
Jew murdered 

From Our Correspondent, Beirut 


The following is the text of 
Mr Gorbachov’s address to the 
American people: 

Dear Americans. 

I see a good augury in the 
way we are beginning the New 
Year, which has been declared 
the year of peace. We are 
Starting it with an exchange of 
direct messages - President 
Reagan's to the Soviet people, 
and mine to yon. 

■_ This, I believe, is a hopeful 
sign of change which, though 
small, is none the less a change 
for the better in our relations. 
The few minutes that I will be 
speaking' to you strike me as a 
meaningful symbol of our 
mutual willingness to go on 
moving toward each .other, 
which is what your president 
and Z began doing at Geneva. 

For a discussion along these 
lines we bad the mandate of our 
peoples. They want the con- 
structive So net- American dia- 
logue to continue uninterrupted 
and to yield tangible results. 

As I face you today, I want to 
say that Soviet people are 
dedicated to peace - that 
supreme value equal to the gift 
of life. We cherish the idea of 
peace, having suffered tor it. 
Together with the pain of 
unhealing wounds and .the 
agony of irretrievable losses, it 
has become part and parcel of 
our flesh and blood. 

In our country there is not a 
single family or a single home 
that has not kept alive the 
memory of their kith and kin 
who perished in the flames of 
war - the war in which the 
Soviet and American peoples 
were allies and fought side by 
side. 

1 say this because our 
common quest for peace has its 
roots in the past, and that 


[GORBACHOV, 


means we have a histone recoiti 
of cooperation which can today 
inspire our joint efforts for the 
sake of the future. 

The many letters I have 
received from yon and my 
conversations with your fellow 
countrymen - senators, con- 
gressmen, scientists, business- 
men and statesmen - have 
convinced me that in . the 
United Stated too, people 
realize that our two nations 
should never be at war, : -that a 
collision between them would 
be the greatest of tragedies. 

It is a reality of today's world 
that it is senseless to seek 
greater security for oneself 
through new types of weapons. 
At present every step in the 
arms race increases the danger 
and the risk for both sides, and 
for aB huma n ki n d. 

It is the forceful and compel- 
ling demand of life itself that we 
should follow the path of 
cutting back nuclear arsenals 
and keeping outer space peace- 
ful. This is what we are 
negotiating about at Geneva, 
and we would very much like 
those talks to be successful this 
year. 

In' our efforts for peace we 
should be guided by an 
awareness of the fact that today 
history has willed our two 
nations to bear' an enormous 
responsibility to the peoples of 
our two countries and, indeed, 
the peoples of all countries, for 
preserving life on earth. 

Our duty to all humankind is 
to offer it a safe prospect of 
peace; a prospect of entering the 
third miltenium without fear. 
Let us commit outselves to 
doing away with the threat 


hanging over humanity. Let ns 
not “shift that task on to out 
children's shoulders. 

We can hardly succeed in 
at taining that goed unless we 
begin -saving 151, bit by bit, the 
most precious capital there is - 
trust among nations a nd^peo p- 

to start mending the existing 
deficits of trust in Soviet-Amc- 
riqm relatio ns. I believe that 
one of the main results of my 
meeting with President Reagan 
is that, as leaders and as human 
beings, we were able to take the 
first steps towards overcoming 
mistrust and to activate the 
factor of confidence. 

The gap dividing us is still 
wide to bridge it will not be 
easy, but we saw in Geneva that 
it can be done. Bridging that gap 
would be a great feat - a feat our 
people are ready to perform for 
the sake of world peace. 

I am reminded of the title of 
a remarkable work of American 
literature, the novel The Winter 
of our Discontent. In that 
phrase, let me just substitute 
hope for discontent And may 
not only this winter, but every 
season of this year and of the 
years to come, be foil of hope 
far a better future; a hope that, 
together, we can turn into 
reality. I can assure you that we 
■than spare no effort in working 
for that. 

For the Soviet people, the 
year I9S6 marks the beginning 
of a new stage in carrying out 
our constructive plans. Those 
are peaceful plans. We have 
made them known to the whole 
world. 

I wish you a happy New 
Year. To every American 
family, I wish good health, 
peace and happiness. 


Nuclear war cannot be won 


The body of a Lebanese Jew 
who was kidnapped by a 
Muslim extremist group nine 
months ago was Found yester- 
day ir. west Beirut a few hours 
after a communique signed by 
the obscure Organization for the 
Oppressed on Earth had an- 
nounced an “execution", the 
police reported. 

The police said they had 
identified the body as that oi 
Isaac Tarrab. aged 53, who was 
abducted by six gunmen in the 
old Jewish' quarter of Wadi 
Abu-Jamil on March 29. 

His kidnappers said the 
killing was in retaliation for an 
Israeli raid on the Shia Muslim 
village of Kounin on Monday, 
in which hundreds of villagers 
were forced to flee by Israeli 
troops and their allies of the 
South Lebanon Army. 

Beirut police said Mr Tar- 
rab’s body was found by 
residents of the war-devastated 
oid commercial district, with a 
single bullet wound in the head. 
Arrangements were being made 


for a funeral in Christian east 
Beirut. 

Little is known about Mr 
Tarrab. Police sources could not 
provide personal data 

The kidnappers are believed 
to be Shia Muslim fundamen- 
talists who follow the line of the 
Iranian leader Ayatollah Kho- 
meini. 

The body of another Leba- 
nese Jew, Mr Mr Chaim Cohen 
Halala, aged 39, was found on 
Christmas Day and the Organi- 
zation of the Oppressed on 
Earth said he was killed in 
reprisal for the shelling of the 
south Lebanese Muslim villages 
of Kafra and Yater on Decem- 
ber 22 by Israeli forces and the 
South Lebanon Army. 

• Extremist threat: Islamic 
Jihad, the extremist Muslim 
group that claims the kidnap- 
ping of several Americans and 
other Westerners, vowed in 1 
Beirut to continue bomb at- 
tacks. abductions and murders 
against “the enemies of the 
Arab cause” (AFP reports). 


Christians in clashes 


Beirut - Christian factions 
fought for two boors in Beirut 
on New Years’ Eve after a 
confusing episode that pro- 
voked reports of assassination 
attempts against President 
Geyamel and a top Christian 
mititia official (Our Correspon- 
dent writes L 

The fighting erupted shortly 
after gunmen fired machine 
guns and grenades at two 
motorcades 


One was made of three 
presidential limousines, but Mr 
Geyamel was not in any of 
them. 

In the second was Mr Assad 
Shaftart, a prominent neogtia- 
tor of the Lebanese Forces 
Christian militia, who played a 
crucial role in drafting the 
Syrian-sponsored armistice 
signed by Druze, Shia Muslim 
and Christian militia leaders on 
Satmday. 


The following is the official 
text of President Reagan’s 
address to the Soviet people: 

Good evening. This is 
Ronald Reagan, President of 
the United States. I am pleased 
to speak to you ou the occasion 
of the New Year. This is a time 
for reflection - and for hope. As 
we look back on the year just 
concluded, and on the year that 
is to come, I want to share with 
you my hopes for the New Year, 
hopes for peace and good will 
that the American and Soviet 
peoples share. 

Just over a month ago. 
General Secretary Gorbachov 
and I met for the first time m 
Geneva. Our purpose was to 
begin a fresh chapter in the 
relations between our two 
countries and to try to reduce 
the suspicions and mistrust 
between us. I think we made 2 
good beginning. 

Mr Gorbachov and I spent 
many hours together, speaking 
frankly and seriously about the 
most important issues of our 
time - reducing the massive 
nuclear arsenals on both sides, 
resolving regional conflicts, 
ensuring respect for human 
rights as guaranteed under 
international agreements, and 
other questions of mutual 
interest 

In Geneva, I told Mr 
Gorbachov of the American 
people's deep desire for peace 
and that the American people 
do not wish the Soviet people 
any harm. 

While there were many areas 
where we did not agree - which 
was to be expected - we left 
Geneva with a better under- 
standing of one another, and of 
the goals we each have. We are 
determined to build on that 
tderszanding in the coming 
aooths and years. One of the 


REAGAN 


most important things on which 
we agreed was the need to 
reduce the massive nuclear 
arsenals on both sides. As 1 
have said many times, a nuclear 
war cannot be won, and must 
never be fought. Therefore, we 
agreed to accelerate negotiations 
where there is common ground, 
to reduce and eventually elim- 
i nate the means of nuclear 
destruction. - 

Our negotiators will soon be 
returning to the Geneva talks 
on nuclear and space arms, 
where Mr Gorbachov and I 
agreed we will seek agreements 
on the principle of 50 per cent 
reductions in offensive nuclear 
arms and an interim agreement 
on intermediate-range, nuclear 
systems. 

And it is my hope that one 
day we will be able to eliminate 
these weapons altogether, and 
rely increasingly for our security 
on defensive systems which 
threaten no-one. Both the US 
and Soviet Union are doing 
research on the possibilities of 
harnessing new technologies to 
the cause of defence. If these 
technologies become a reality, it 
is my dream to one day free us 
all from the threat of nuclear 
destruction. 

One of the-best ways to build 
mutual understanding is to 
allow the American and Soviet 
peoples to get to know one 
another better. In Geneva, we 
signed a new agreement to 
exchange our best artists, 
scholars, and musicians. We 
also agreed to expand the 
contacts between our peoples, 
so that students, teachers, and 
young people can get to know 
each other directly. If people in 
both countries can visit, , study. 


and work together, too. then we 
will strengthen the bonds of 
understanding and build a true 
foundation for tasting peace. 

1 also discussed the American 
people's strong _ interest in 
humanitarian issues. Our 
democratic system is founded 
on the belief in the sanctity of 
human life and the rights of the 
individual - rights such as 
freedom of speech, of assembly, 
of movement, and of worship. 
It is a sacred truth to us that 
every individual is a unique gift 
of God, with- his or her own 
special taleiits, abilities hopes 
and dreams. Respect ' for all 
people is essential to peace. And 
as we agreed in Geneva, 
progress in resolving humani- 
tarian issues in a spirit of co- 
operation would go a long way 
to making 1986 a better year for 
all of us. - 

A safe and lasting peace also 
requires finding peaceful settle- 
ments to armed conflicts which 
cause so much human suffering 
in many parts of tile world. I 
have proposed several concrete 
steps to help resolve such 
conflicts. It is my hope that in 
1986 we will make progress 
toward this end. 

I see a busy year ahead in 
building on the foundations laid 
in Geneva. There is much work 
to be done, Mr Gorbachov will 
visit the United States later this 
year, and I look forward to 
showing 1 him our wonderful 
country, . and hope to' meet 
many of you. 

In the name of the American 
people, I wish you all a happy 
and healthy new year. Let's 
work together to make it a year 
of peace. There is no better goal 
for 1986, or for any year. Let us 
look forward to a future of 
chistaye nyebo [dear skies] for 
all mankind. Thank you. 


European Law Report January 2 1986 


Court of Justice of the European Communities 


Limits of 
bankers’ 
obligation of 
secrecy 

Gcmecnte Hillegom v H Olenins 

Case 1 1 0/M 

Before Lord MKKnac Smart, 
President cad J edges U. Everting, 
R. Rahiciann, R. Joliet. G. Bosco, 
T. Kootnnans. O. Due, Y. Gal mot 
c.r.d T. F. O'Kiggfes 
Advocate General Sir Gordon Slyns 
delivered December H] 

Ire obligation of professional 
MCTesy provided for by article 1 2*1) 
of Council Directive No 77/7S0/ 
EEC on ihg co-or dination of laws, 

rcgu’circ.as and administrative 
provisions relating to the taking up 
and pursuit of the business of credit 
institutions covered testimony in 

civil proceedings by the persons 
rafe rred to in ihai provision: 

1.7 July 198! the plaintiff local 
authority deposited 600,900 guilders 
with the Amsterdam American 
Bank NV. On October 23. 19SI that 
bank tics declared insolvent. 

Or. August 2. I9S2 the local 
authority applied for and obtained 
as order for the provisional 
examination of witnesses, a pro- 
cedure available under Dutch law 
prior to the commencement of 
substantive proceedings. 

In the context of that hearing the 
local authority asked that toe 
defendant, Mr Hill cm us, be heard as 
2 witness. He was bead of the 
accountancy division of De Neder- 
landschc Bank, the supervisory 
authority for banks in the Nether- 
lands for the purposes of the 
directive; , , . . 

When he appeared before the 
coart the defendant declined. » 
answer certain questions conrerauw 
the manner in which 
landstbe Bank had cmonJ l JJ 
supervision of the bankru pt bum on 
the ground that was cov ered °y 
the obligation of banking secrecy 


imposed upon him by the Dutch 
law which gave effect to the 
directive. 

The Axroodissementsrecfa&anfc 
[District Court]. Amsterdam, re- 
jected the defendant's claim that be 
was exempted from the obligation 
to testify, however the Gcreciusbof 
[Regional Court of Appeal] upheld 
that claim. 

On appeal die Hoge Rand der 
Ncderlanden [Supreme Court of the 
Netherlands] refer r ed three ques- 
tions on the interpretation of article 
12 of the directive to the Court of 
Justice of the European Community 
for 3 preliminary ruling. la its 
judgment the Court of Justice held 
as follows 

It appeared from the preamble to 
the directive that its purpose was 
only to eliminate the most 
obstructive differences be twe en the 
laws of the member states as to the 
rales to which credit institutions 
were subject and tint it was 
necessary to proceed by stages to 
create the conditions required for a 
common market for credit insti- 
tutions. 

Article 7 of foe directive provided 
that the competent authorities of the 
member states were to collaborate 
closely. They were to supply one 
another with all information 
concerning foe management and 
ownership of such credit insti- 
tutions that was likely to facilitate 
their supervision and foe examin- 
ation of foe conditions for their 
authorisation and ah information 
likely to facilitate foe monitoring of 
focir uqu;dity and solvency. 

It was in that context that article 
12f3l required member states to 
ensure that the auth orit i es receiving 
information cooW use such infor- 
mation only for the strictly limited 
porpotes defined in that provision. 

Article 120;, while requiring 
member stares to provide for 
foe maitiienasce of professional 
secrecy, gave a definition neither of 
that secrecy acr of iu extent. 

Il was left to the member States to 
deride those questions while 
providing that confidential infor- 
mation which was covered by 
professional secrecy was not to be 
divulged except by virtue of 
provisions laid down by law. 

Similarly, article 12(2) provided 


on foe one hand that professional 
secrecy did not preclude the 
exchange of information between 
the co m pe t ent authorities of the 
various member States and. on foe 
other band, that information thus 
exchanged was to be covered by the 
obligation of professional se c rec y. 

The first question sough: essen- 
tially to establish whether article 
12(1 ) also applied to depositions 
made as a witness by the persons 
concerned. 

The operation of financial control 
based upon supervision within a 
member State and upon the 
exchange of information between 
the competent authorities required 
the protection of professional 
secrecy. 

The disclosure of confidential 
information for whatever purpose 
might have undesirable conse- 
quences, not only for the credit 
institution directly c oncerned, but 
also for the functioning of the 
banking system in general. 

Consequently, the absence of 
such secrecy might compromise foe 

n ece ssa ry exchange of information 
be tw e en c om p e t en t authorities 
because, in such a case, foe 
competent authority of a member 
State could not be sure that 
confidential information which it 
gave to an authority in another 
member Sate would remain 
confidential. 

Mr Hittenius, the Commission 
and the Governments of Germany, 
Italy, foe Netherlands and foe 
United Kingdom were there fore 
correct to emphasize the great 
importance of a require m e n t for 
pe r so ns who were or who had been 
employed by a competent authority 
to protect professional se cre cy. 

Thus both foe terms of article 
12(1) itself and foe objectives of the 
directive demonstrated that foe 
prohibition of the disclosure 
concerned also c o vered depositions 
made as a witness is foe context cf 
civil proceedings. 

The second and third questions 
raised foe problem of whether foe 
“provisions lafd down by law" 
referred to in article I2(»l of the 
directive were 10 be interpreted as 
being provision* wftkh had foe 
specific object of establishing a 
derogation from the prohibition 


agairst di se tofo g the type of 
information covered by the direc- 
tive cr whefoer. on foe other hand . 
they foriuded g e n e ral provisions on 
foe limits which professional 
secrecy imposed epon the obligation 
to gire evidence 

Since foe parpo se of article 12(1) 
was seifoer to establish an absolute 
csi:p:ticr. r.cr 13 regulate or 
harmonize foe extent of pro- 
fessional se crec y, it guaranteed 
professional secrecy to the extent to 
which 1: was net derogated from by 
existing or future provisions of 
eaticcai law relating to cimun- 
sterce s is which foe disclosure of 
confidential information was autho- 
rized. 

The general re fere nce to pro- 
visions hj down by law in each 
member state demonstrated there- 
fore foa : pre-existing or subsequent 
eslss of for member states might 
■provide exceptions to the require- 
ment of maintaining professional 
secrecy. 

v» :th Bpri to the coo foot which 
migh t »r.$e between, on the one 
tasi tire interest in establishing foe 
truth which was indispensable to foe 
a das sstiarion of justice, and, on 
foe other hand, the interest in 
maintaining the confidentiality of 

certain izforraatian, it was to be 
emphasized that it was for the 
national court to establish the 
balance between those interests if 
foe national legislature had not 
resolved foe conflict by specific 
legislative provisions. 

Cocseqsentlv. in a case such as 
foe present where, according to the 
io tt. Tt re atica of the national court, 
foe national rules were of a general 
nrttire. it was for the national court 
10 balance those interests before 
deeding whether a witness in 
pcstttna of confidential infer- 
re aticrt might or might not rely 
upon an obamuon of secrecy by 
which fee was bound. 

Is foa: context it was for that 
court in particular to assess, where 

necessary, foe importance to be 

attributed to the fact that the 
isfortnatiss ir. question bad been 
received by fo? competent auth- 
orities of the member stales in 
accordance with article 12(2) erf the 
directive. 

On those grounds, foe court held: 


1 The provision of article 12111 of 
Council Directive No ? 7/7S0 
whereby the obligation of pro- 
fessional secrecy imposed on 
persons now or in the past 
employed by foe competent auth- 
orities meant that any confidential 
information which they might have 
received in the course of their duties 
might not be divulged 10 any' person 
or authority except by virtue of 
provisions laid down by law. also 
inc luded depositions made as a 
witness in the context of civil 
proceedings. 

2 Legislative provisions which, 
pursuant to article 12(11. allowed 
the disclosure of information 
received in confidence included 
provisions of general effect which 
dkl not have tbe specific object of 
establishing a derogation from tbe 
prohibition against disclosing foe 
sort of information covered by foe 
directive but which es tablished the 
limits which observance of pro- 
fessional secrecy imposed on foe 
obligation to pve evidence. 

Customs value 
excludes 
transit in EEC 

HauptzoUamt Schwelnfort v 
Mainfr ncht Qbstrawertimg 
GmbH 

Case 290/84 

Before K. Bahlmann. President of 
the Fourth Chamber and Judges G. 
Bosco. T. Koopmans. T. F. 
O'Higgins and F. A Scbockwrikr 
Advocate General C. O. Lettz 
[Judgment delivered December lOa) 
The value for customs purposes of 
goods imported into the EEC from 
non-member sates, did not include 
foe cost of transporting the goods 
within the Community territory. 

Between July ana September 
1980 tbe respondeat imported 
various co ns i gn ments of chilled 
nioreflo cherries and frozen rasp- 
berries from Bulgaria into Ger- 
many. 

For each consignment the 
suppliers dtew up two invoices, the 
first of which indicated a net price 


per tonne for the fhut carriage paid 
at the German border. The second 
related only 10 the cost of transport 
from the German frontier to 
Mainfhicbt's premises ax Gochs 
herin in Bavaria. 

A dispute arose bet w e en Maio- 
frucht and foe Haoptzirflamt 
[Principal Customs Office] as to the 
value of foe goods for customs 
purposes under Council Regulation 
(EEC) No 1224/80 on tbe valuation 
of goods for customs purposes <QJ 
l9S0.NoL134.pl). 

On appeal the Bundesfinanzfaof 
[Federal Finance Court] refined the 
matter to foe Court of Justice of tbe 
European Communities for a 
preliminary ruling. In its judgment 
foe COart of J ustice held as foflows 

Where a purchaser had paid a 
foreign vendor, in addition to the 
price of tbe goods concerned, a 
specific amount in reaped of freight 
charges for transport wfrbirt foe 
Community, on tbe bass of a 
separate invoice, . the transaction 
value for tbe purposes of article 3( 1 ) 
of regulation No 1224/80 included 
only the first of fooae two sums. 

However foe appropriate customs 
authorities might, where the 
circumstances warranted, verify the 
invoice rela ting to the charges in 
question m order to check that those 
chases were not fictitious. 

Guarantee 
terms 
breach free 
movement law 

ETA Fabriqtiev (TEbanches t 
DK Investment and Others 
Case 31/85 

Before K. B a h fa n a n n, President of 
foe Fourth Chamber and Judges G. 
Bosco, T. Koopmass, T. F. 
O'ffiggms and F. A. Schncfcwetler 
Advocate General Mi Darmoa 
J Judgment delivered December 10] 

An agreeme n t whkh restricted 
trade betwe«& tacm b ci nates by 
conferring cb customers of ap- 
pointed agents alone foe benefits of 
a guarantee oh a' product was 


contrary to article 85(1} of the EEC 
Treaty- 

The plaintiff a company incor- 
porated under Swiss law; manufac- 
tured and marketed mair produced, 
inexpensive quartz watches under 
tbe name of "Swatch”. Tbe watches 
were dist rib uted in Belg i u m through 
an exclusive dealer network. They 
were sold with a g u a ran tee in favour 
of the purchaser under which eta 
guaranteed tbe vac h for 12 months 
from the date of Jmrcbase against all 
defects of material or mannfecture 
subject to certain exclusions. 

ir 

The defendant companies sold 
Swatch 'wa tch es, which they 
obtained through parallel import 


wbicb wrtrioed tbe guarantee 
certificate. 

. The plain tiffr brought proceed- 
ings agnusr toe Parana importers 
y j bave them prohibited 

from including with the watches 
v*H*Aey sold, a guarantee granted 
Oy g** ** Jhe context of its 
contractual Idauocsbtp with its 

exetasra distributors. 

jlS e Trib unal do Commerce 
(OwM te oal C onn] Brussels, re- 
ferred a question on foe compati- 
bfltSjf.of such a gtraraatroidause 
^ <v tai ncd m an exclusive distri- 
bution agreemrat wit b article 85 of 
to the Court of 
Jnstme of foe European Communi- 
ties for a preliminary ruling. In its 

JudgjOT foe Coon of Jos&e held 

It was necessary to examine foe 
guarantee danse in relation to foe 
ofoer pconrions of foe exclusive 
dealership agreement. It appeared 
fro®,, foe-fife .font ETA had 

fffrmq* Common 
Marfcei. a distribution network 
which granted each deafer exclusive 
right* of ^ distribution of Swatch 
watches within a certain area while 
prohibiting httn from awKni. ^.1-- 
outside that area. 

The * partitioning of markets 
Iherrty achieved amounted' to a 
restriction of competition within the 
mcamag of article 85(1) of foe ETC 
Treaty. 

: The quesiioa of foe limitation of 

foe guarantee solely to products sold * 
approved deafen was to be 
analysed in that context arid to he 




* ?■ 


W V 




S jCookgr; 


assessed having regard to foe 
distortion of competition which was 
its object or its effect. It was 
necessary to examine the compe- 
tition within the actual context in 
which it would occur in the absence 
of foe agreement or provision in 
dispute. 

Tbe decisive dement to be tntrm 
into consideration was the actual or 
poten tial effect of the refusal of the 
gua rante e on the competitive 
position of the parallel importers. 

Is its judgment in HasseS^od v 
Commission (Case 86/82) {The 
Times. February 25, 1984; [1984] 
ECR 883) the court pointed out that 
it was important that foe possfitiKty 
of obtaining products by pgrallri 
imports should not he limited mid 
foal it was essential that such p rod od s 
should be fully covered by the 
man u fa cturer ' % norma] guarantee. 

A system in which a supplier 
reserved a guarantee • only to 

customers of his exclusive dealer 
placed the latter in an advantageous 
position with regard to parallel 
importers and distributors, and. 
con ? c R^entiy, was to be considered 
as havi ng the object or effect of 

restricting competition. 

The fact that foe mannfectizref 
permitted his products to be 
distributed through a network p* 
parallel importers was indesant in 
that regard since the guwaflte* 
system was capable of having** 13 ■ 
object or effect a degree of . 
partitioning of natirmai markets. W 
was for the national court in 
whether the guarantee dausein fof 
datribution agreeme nt vraa pw* 
of affecting trade between •moafo er 
States, 

On those grounds,- tbe j Court 
(Fourfo chamber) held:. -."V- 

A danse in an • csClosivp 
distribution agreement, by which 
foe manufacturer undertook, ^* 11 
relation to Us exclusive desk u to 

grant a guarantee on hi* pftt(?cts 

■ufcr sale 10 foe dmsosier’xbd fiy 
virtue of which he idbraJ-Se 
guarantee to custom^ 

distributors, whs ntcompatiUe 3* 1 *® ' 

85(1) of foe EECJ§*y“ 
foe extent to which for resfi*®*) 
on competition 
foereby arise affects «de be***? 
member States,. 


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BEN DIX 7004 AmsToln..,'. 

PHILIPS ADGBIS 

ZANUSS1 Z50 



....12 U1.9 0 

....13 194,4# 

14 237 J» 


Vacuum Cleaners h 

Upright Wane 

■ELECTROLUX 4 10 with tool* ....370 
ELECTROLUX 502 Super with 

tool; 500 

■ELECTROLUX 560 Ebeutwlc 

uilll tools 560 

GOBLIN IOTA, 'Fkk-bau' MD 

HOOVER Turbo Junior Ul 100 400 

HOOVER Turbo 2194 410 

HOOVER Turbo Aulofloc 2198.. ..410 

HOOVER Shampoo/ polisher 

HOOVER U4296 'Powopba 1 with 

built-in air rrethoicr .......400 

MOULINEX >28 Major ; .400 

Cylinder W*«. 

■ELECTROLUX IS5E Electronic 

with variable power control 800 

ELECTROLUX 21326 900 

ELECTROLUX •Serpen' 2327 1000 

■ELECTROLUX 380 TurtnauUe . 
with variable pova and 

turbo-head 1 100 

•ELECTROLUX MO Turbomatic 
Del ore with variable power, 
inrb»-hcad and remote control .1100 
ELECTROLUX 240 Aqualux Wet 
A Drv (Indoor A Outdoor looh.l. 850 

GORLIN Solo 800 

HOOVER SI 122 Duuertc portable . 170 
HOOVER 55430 Scnsoouiic 
Sy-iero 25 with variable power . . 1000 
HOOVER 53432 SentoUDnis 

Svnem 55 remote control 1000 

HOOVER S3434 Scmmronic 
Sptag 55 with motoracd power 

bead and variable power 1000 

HOOVER S3IM/33V6 Compact . . .700 
HOOVER S43IO D/L Wet A Dry 

(Indoor and Outdoor looW 900 

HOOVER S4256 Powarglide 800 

KRU PS 913 1200 

KRUPS ST1200 with power bead. . 1200 

PHILIPS P62 800. 

PHILIPS P68 with power head. . . .1000 
PHILIPS P79 compuier coo trailed 

with variable power 1000 

PHILIPS HL3765 -PRO XT Wei 

and drv (with outdoor took) 800 

ROWENTA RB01 700 

ROWENTA RB19 with coni 

rewind and tool storage 1000 

*Thli price includes Ehdroht P/X alio wan 


Salt Price 
tec. VAT 




Micro Wave Ovens 


lo 

Mania. . 


2 epeed timer with auto umcr iJi 24430 

OOODMANS OAC050. atincr fiui , 
npMwIeakHnktbar. 


Pmj^79 WJa i'^ ua i^e ‘ 


r. LO 17930 


SHARP R17S2 1 


s Msnsssasr 


-OR 22190 

le, 99 mla. 


L-...0-S 255J0 



Refrigerators 


fete Prion 
lac. TAT. 


Gran Cubic Feat 

ELECTROLUX 122 1.0 7L25 

ELECTROLUX 212 2JJ 853# 

FRIG ID AIRE RL583 Lardor SJS 2035 

FRIGID AIRE R15I2 iSJ " ORSB 

1NDESIT.TS135 JJ> 7930 

SCANDINOVA KS 4315 Larder ..11.1 179.90 

TRICITY *Vanh7*4 4J0 8430 

TRICITY •Vaarty" S 5.0 0930 


variable timer (L6 139 JO 

- TRICITY 40135 turntable, 60 min. 

liras- L0 199LM 

TRICITY 4004T touch control, 

- vsrhbto power, twntabln, and _ 

va riabl e timer : LO HCN 

TRICITY 2005 microwave and 
eonvattioo oven. 5 mkiow a vo 
•. power KUiag*. 60 min. timer 

- tomtaMc.... U 27930 

ZANUSSI MW600 touch camri4. ' 
variaMB power. fcn^WJB i m probe. „ 

. 99 minme timer . ,03 19930 


Gas Appliances 


Gas Cookers 


Sale Pries 
toe. VAT 

ami 





Hree-StmS^c " 

StmbriOioii . mi '•- w 3 ' s > 

CANNON Coopo (Brawn) alia in. 

■ cteu fold-down top 21' SMI 

PLAVEL ftativwl. . 21i* 21430 

FLAVEL Sable 2 .211' 29930 

NEW .WORLD Nova wfch grill . -194*' 2X7.90 

NEW WORLD BCaMite 19r 23430 

NEW WORLD Tempo dip In.... .IM* 2MJ0 
NEW WORLD Option 3 3ip« ...OT 34230 
PARKINSON COWAN Sheeriino 

Sab fitting dip In .211' 3UJ0 


CANNON Contour Electronic 21' 31X90 

NEW WORLD Kioto JOT 4»J0 


BdiMn Orcss ft Grib 

MOFFAT Module 60 






Upright Freezens Grata CbbtaFnt 

ELECTROLUX TF4 JI 4.2 13230 

I RIGID AIRE PV6TO 2.1 94.W 

FRIOIDAIRE PVI250 4.4 1I6J» 

FRIGID AIRE FV2010 

ZANUSSI Z27DF 9— 21730 


Electric Cookers 


o msm t 



Sate Mm 

tec. VAT 

WJdfc 

.181* 

11430 


22.90 

. I8J’ 

179^> 

.!«' 

21239 

-.21' 

3493# 

..nr 

20930 

. J2* 

27930 

..2 r 

36430 

23i* 

2843# 

".234* 

339.90 

.18*' 

14430- 

.18** 

24430 

.213" 

27430 

.213* 

4T2J4 


Batoned Floe Convertor Hcatas 

DRUOaSAR •Beat WtW wall heater. 7930 
VALOR 'Nevada Sum V waD beater. . «J>0 

WatoBnlm 

MAIN 'Maacr’ nmhi poitjt MAH 

MAIN "Tranr wfth adjustable thermo- 

Hat pyrro l. pilotliaht indicator 721.9# 

The above ioctadn wall Boo. 


Small Appliances 


Cooking Appliances 




Stit Price 
toe. VAT 


ZANUSSI ZEWmlipin withiWd- 

down lid fconvocnoo Dim) .... -23J 299J9 

ZANUSSI ZE94ZR (Up In witt „ 

ceramic hob /eonvecUon oven} ■ .23* 394J0 

BtuK-la Ovens 

BA LAY K2295 ton assisted J2JJ* 

BELLING XOU1B8 double mm 364JO 
CREDA 48205 ‘Cbnunae*- (White) 
cbeubire tingle oven, Onah profile. 
r<ffi openud 24arW 

CREDA 48107 ■Concorde CfaCQlaitte , 

double oven 

CREDA 48109 'Etirfipa - (AJIIel 

cfrcnbira doabto ora, nan piraio M 

{tan opemd maio 

CREDA ‘Comiebe'48106 double oven . 379J0 

INDE5IT 2651 Ikn BjeUled tingle oven 

with variable srill 

IN DESIT 2650 double oven (ftn 
operated main owsn) with variable 

P iKliP s' ^'oirtera^OW 'iBro^O ibn*. ■ 

OVHI with Brill 1G4J0. 

PHILIPS ■Edsch* 006 (White) tins* . 

PU nrith y-fifl. ***“ 

PHILIPS Hemes’ 004 Circa donfcfa 

pve&wiibaill ■ 274M . 

TRICITY 21 HA ‘Fanhn/ dratble oven 3» JO 
TRICITY 2309 ‘Orieo 1 doubtoowau . . . J3*» 

2ANUS51 FMti fan aatistedtingto oven 

with variable grill 

?ANUSSI FM56 doable oven 

AJIibow Baifc-iB Owns hat* amamBile hum. 


.221' .68250 

.221' *LM 
,221' 6LS8 


DtnMAin 

MOOUNEX 874 Compact . 

MOULINEX 03 

MOULINEX 713 Delnan „ .. 
SWAN Compact. 1J pan all 
SWAN 20455, SJpntt ori cap 

MoKi Cbokax A GHb 

KnCWKgpyti roam 

' P)ic04fSa^™otfarimv"e 
SONA EF20 MateLftypan .. 


Heated Tws* Trolleys 
SALTON -mi ■Entertainer’ 


Food Mixers 


Sab Price 

tee. VAT 





ZANUSS1 EMffTB SdU (ftowp). .VT 
ZANUSS1 VM6SB Otrenuc 22* 

Cooker Hoods 

CONSORT CHX6 80cm. ttxdrc, 

GLEN Slimline 60cm, tware. ...... . . 

GLEN Airflow Deluxe CO CM- Anted/ 

GLENSuperfo* DtiiaaKem. d n cte t l / 

Mjn. 

TTUCTTY ■RefKnhair’ 60 cm. re-<iiw. - , 

2ANU5SXZHC2 eOttm-radOe- 

. ZANUSS1 ZH92 90 cm. rwaiu. 


. Dual fuel Cookers 


Sate Men. 
fate. VAT 


no-ipecd cewtcoL .. 

iuUrftxt 2&60 

limn Imf . - -- - — — 37J9 
■ithpnbeantiod ... 25^ 

35JI 


Rill Installation 
Service, ; 

Available on Gas, Electric and Dual 
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Dish washers, Gas Fires, Wftter 
Heaters, Cooker Hoods etc. 

Ask at your local Comet branch 
for details. 


"I PROMISE YOU 12 months' guarantee including parts and labour on all goods. 


Major domestic appliances and colour televisions are serviced in your own home. 
All work is carried out by Comet's own engineers or manufacturers. After the initial 
guarantee period you can still rely on us to see 

that your purchases are kept in working order." Oiolrnuui ^ 



Electric Blankets 
— continued 
Ovcrbiaitkcts 

DREAMLAND GA&l Electronic .... 35.75 

DREAMLAND GA62 Ebonmic 45.75 

SUNBEAM 1 10 tingk... 2BJS 

SUNBEAM 1 12 dual control double... 36.35 

Sale Prim 

Garden Enulomant vat 


Garden Equipment 



Television 


Colour T.V.’s 


17.99 

d* ... 2L99 

ar) 19.99 

3L99 

37 JW 

8.M 


Sala Price 
i dc. VAT 


Audio 


Dry Irons 

MORPHY RICHARDS Travel Iren..- *30 

MORPHY RICHARDS Dry/Spray.. . 9 75 

SUNBEAM 130 TraveVmny 9.7S 

Steam Irons 

MORPHY RICHARDS 'Emu 1 103 . .. 1L95 

PHILIPS HDI25I/5 1230 

ROWENTA DA71 1330 

Steam/Spray Irons 
INDESTT SSI with variable steam 
uj nn j ................. ......... 1 3.25 

MORPHY RICHARDS ■Enm’ 102... 12.95 

PHILIPS HD 1 25 376 15-5* 

ROWENTA DA72 1530 

ROWENTA DA21 1730 

Sho(-of-Sleaixt/Spray Irons 

MORPHY RICHARDS ■&□!«' 101 . .. 14.50 

MORPHY RICHARDS 'Em o' 3000 . . 14.95 

PHILIPS HDI2S3/7 17.M 

PBXUPS HD1258 *Supentcan> 1*30 

ROWENTA DAIS TWwcr Steam - 2130 

•“■““"n* - Sale Pries 
Toasters ine. vat 






Portables Dp lo 18 A. 

DECCACOLOUR DN 1670 |4in. Bbefc 149.99 
DECCACOLOUR DNI672 14 in. Red 15290 
DECCACOLOUR DNI674 14 to. White 152.90 

FERGUSON 37140 Min 154.40 

GR UNDID PT7-II21 156.90 

SOLAVOX 14SI9 14 159.9# 

“SOLA VOX 14R19 Min IWJ0 

“DECCACOLOUR DP84S4 16 in 2«J0 

“FERGUSON J7S0I 16 [n 23290 

“ GRUNDIG.P42-I42H6 16 in 219.90 

^ SO LA VOX Ifitt lg 16 in. 217J0 

T.V. neodvtts/Compnter Monitors 

FIDELITY CTM 1400 14 m. 174.90 

All the following icu are complete 
with B and, except where tuned. 

FST T.V. (Ftalter Sqnanr Tube) 

•GRUNDIG P40-123 Mans. 217.98 

20 is. Models 

DECCACOLOUR DTI675 229.90 

SOLAVOX' 3J04 199.95 

SOLAVOX 28819 224.90 

20 HI. Remote Coatrol 

PHILIPS 2236 357.90 

SOLAVOX 20R 19 25630 

20 in. Teletext kook Central 

PHILIPS 2636 324 90 

SOLAVOX 20TI9 304.90 

22 in. Models 

ITT CX260I 279.99 

SOLAVOX 22S19 257.90 

22 In-. Remote. Coatrol 

DECCACOLOUR DV8498 339.90 

FERGUSON 2282 29439 

ITTCT3425 339.99 

PHILIPS 5240 31435 

SOLAVOX 22R19 2*4.90 

22 hr. Teletext Bunu Camral 

SOLAVOX 2JTI9 34930 

Acrteta erected at dfceoBM erica. 


Video 


Video Recorders 


SaUPrira 
me. VAT 


M J 4..1 


Wmm 


ru t WifW i 

l.>\. . 


imm rn 


Safe PnCfl 

Digital Clock Radio! «. vat 

Alarms 

ALBA Ci: LWfMTW 11.75 

ALBA CfiO LW MW/VHF 15 J5 

BIN4TONE ■Mooaiime' LW/MW,' 

VHFnithliahi 2630 

BUSH 6140 LWjMW/VHF 17.95 

BUSH 6690 LW, MW.'VHF *iih 

33.M 

ITT CR22J LWlMWtYHF analogue . 17.99 

MOUPKY RICHARDS CR159 LW I 

MW7VHF 1625 

MORPHX' RICHARDS CRJ» LW/ 

MW/VH F dual alum 1735 

PYE 1324 LWjMW.VHF I7.9S 

Transistor Radios vat 

A li are Baiterylmaim easept where mured. 
DECCA DMRM0I LWIMW/VHf/ 

air band 23.95 

GRUNDIG Music Boy 160 LW/MW; 

SW/VHF 31.90 

GRUNDIG Cancen Boy 200 LW/MW/ 

2 r SW/VHF 32.56 

•ITT Pony MD LW/MW 830 

ITT Tmy 320 LWjMW.'SW/VHF 21 JO 

ITT Golf 330 LW/MW/ 5 ■ SW/VHF. 32.90 

•PHILIPS DI040 LW/MW 930 

•PHILIPS DI402 FM/MW/LW 1235 

* PH 1UPS D1700 MW/VHF ine. LCD 

nnaloKim dock 15.49 

FYE 0220 LW/MW/VHF 16.95 

SONY ICF2001D MW'/LW/FM/SW . . 304.90 

Sale Price 

Radio Cassettes me. vat 

Mono 

ALBA CR55 LW/MWAW 2730 

LLOTiTRON IX! LW/MW/VHF 23.75 

Stereo 

AIWA CSRI0 LW/MW/SW/FM ulii 

revtne 9430 

AIWA CSR40 LW/MW/SW/VHP .... 99.99 

AKAI AJ204W MW/VHF Iwin casutle 

with high speed dubbins 8930 

BU5H 7130 LW/MW/VHF twin cauetu 77.9# 

DECCA DSC 1 133 LW/MW/VHF twin 

emetic M.95 

GOODMANS CSS03 LW/MW/VHF. . 5630 

ITT Polo 340 LW/MW/VHF 44|0 

ITT Golf 310 LW/MW/SW/VHF 5930 

SANYO M W2t» LW/MW/SW/VHF 
twin csstene with high (peed dubbins *9.90 
SHARP GF6S6S LW/MW/SW/VHF. 6330 

SOLAVOX SRC20T MW/VHF with 

twin 56.99 

Stereo with Detectable Speaker 

AKAI P/I I LW/MW/SW/VHF, 3 band 

graphic equal act 6630 

AKAI PJJ3FL LW/MW/SW/VHF, 

Dotty 129.99 

ALBA 6600 LW/MW/VHF 5 bond 

graphic equaliser, rwin cassette 9130 

GOODMANS CSS05 LW/MW/VHF. 

5 band graphic equal Her. high speed 

dnbuing 9330 

JVC PC70 LW/MW/SWiVHF. auW 

reverse, graphic equaliser 199.99 

JVC PC 50 LW/MW/SW/VHF Dolby 

NR 5 band graphic equalise* 13230 

PHILIPS D8568 LW/MW/VHF. twin 


Electric Shavers 

Battery 

BRAUN -Battery 100* 

PHILIPS HP1220 

FEQUPS HP1207 detaie 

PHILIPS HP1208poefcei portable. 
REMINGTON XLR500 mtertweiD 


Sate Prfca 
in. VAT 




Cassette Recorders 


1439 
43# 
Sate Price 
tec. VAT 


REMINGTON XLR500 mwraacned. , 

Mains 

*A8 am dual vohape. 

•BRAUN Synchro*! Chib 212 

•BRAUN Miami S 

•BRAUN Mkxon Ftua 

•BRAUN 3025, Synem 1-2-3 

•PHILIPS HPI6I3 Phflhhavo 3 bead ... 
•PHILIPS HP1 MH PlilJrahuva 3 bead ... 
•REMINGTON XLR800 mkrewcrero . . 


BRAUtf Micron 420/2501 Unreenal... 34.71 
PHIL IPS HP 1320 FWlrehara 3 bead . . . 23.70 
PHILIPS HP1J19 PUBrimc 3 bead ... 3530 

REMINGTON XLR900 mknaowa 

LnMatcn 

BRAUN Lady Etennoe (battery) 7.75 

CARMEN ffitiJlMW (batttcyj. 730 


Genera/ Housewares 


SatePHea 
tee. VAT 


ADAM Baby fustener conUea design . . 18.95 

BRAUN D3 reehargeobla loatbbrmb. . 1735 

CORBY 319 Trouser meat with timer.. 5930 

KRUPS 202 coffee mfil 73# 

MOULINEX 724 can opener #.50 

PHILIPS 2472 nan opener 8.75 

PHILIPS HP3609 infiaphi] health lamp 10.70 

VORT1CH 15/6 Can. b' mD/window 
doing....,.., 3135 

Ekdrie Carring Knhm 

MOULINEX 3467. 730 

MOULINEX 658 + frozen food blade* 925 

Sate Price 

Electric Heaters *“■ VAT 


Video Tapes •< 

BETA TAPES 

MAXELL 1300(2 bra. 10 min*. 1 

KODAK L7S0 D bn. 15 miro-1 

TDK H5 L750 High Standard 13 hr*. 

15 mins.) 

MAXELL 1330 (3 hn. » am) 

2000 TAPES 

BASF VCO60 P.»! bounl 

BASF VCC48012 x 4 hours/ 

VHS TAPES 

MAXELL El 20 (2 hn.) 

AKAI VHS EI80U his.) 

FUJI VHS El 800 bra./ 

JVCEISOOhra) 

KODAK El 80 O In.) 

PHILIPS VHS El 80(3 hra.) 

TDK HS EI80 High Standard (3 hm.1. . 
BASF E240(4 hra.) 


Home Computers 


Sate Price 

iac. VAT 

AMSTRAD 6128 I2SK C.P.U. 

Complete with CP/M Pina and CP/M 
13. GT65 green screen mnniun. 

B uilt I n y disc drive — 27935 

AMSTRAD 6128 I28K C.P.U. 

Qwmleto with CP/M Plus and CP/M 
2J. uk. CTM 644 colour mmihor. __ 

Bui It in r (Use drive 37435 

COMMODORE PLUS 4 64K Cmuri** 

Outfit Utda: Cmwten 1691 
* —Mia jait roromoAiri Jojvtick 
and 10 pceees of gamea ralcnra 7535 


Sate Prire 
toe. VAT 


ALBA RIM 15.95 

ALBA R 1 70 computer data recorder... 18.95 

BUSH 3160 compuier compatible . ... 18.95 

FERGUSON TTJI computer daU 

re corder 2530 

ITT SL5 30 lone control 26.90 

LLO\TRON 213 hand held micro 

casscric 2430 

Sale Price 

Personal Stereo me. vat 

All with sicreo headphones or earphone*. 

AKAI PMR3 FMIAM radjn, 3 band 
graphic equaliser and auto reverse .. 61.70 

GOODMANS PM70 nemo player with 

MW/VHF radio 2630 

GOODMANS PM7J stereo pbj-er .... 3335 

LLOYTRON WI76 amo pbjer 1L75 

J-LOVTRON Wl#6 stereo player with 

ooe pur of od. speakers 1635 

LLOYTRON WI86 stereo plater with 

AM/FM radio 2175 

SANYO MG66 AM/FM radio 3530 

SANTO MG33 Dolby NR. auto reverse, 
nreu] 47.50 


js— — — Sate Price 

Calculators me. vat 

TEXAS TI 1100 LCD 4 key memory. . . 335 

CASIO HL8I0/I I Automatic cwileb off 3.75 

CASIO LC3IIC3 key memory 3.75 

Solar Powered 

CASIO 5L300FG compact 4.75 

CASIO SL7Q2 Uitra-sJimT 5.75 

TEXAS TI I7M 4.99 

TEXAS TI 2130 930 

CASIO SL80OWE 3 key memory, credit 

card size. 1435 


CONSORT FHM3 3kW LL25 

KRUPS 658 2 kW 1330 

KRUPS 65# 5 point earteWe 

(hetmostat .. . .7. . 3kW 1530 

PHILIPS 3255 2kW 16.70 

SALTON 40NT wkh anti^raiai 

control ; 2kW 1431 


.. JUS 
4530 
Sate Prim 
iac. VAT 


£/ecfr/c Blankets iae.YA- 

PLEASE NOTE: ALL BLANKETS LISTED 
HAVE FULL OVERHEAT PROTECTION. 
DMttUnte 

D IMPLEX DUBII 3 hem ttooUe 

mbarLEKB&fiPMimrm'.y.'.'.: 93 

DREAMLAND EM32P 3 hml doable. Z2.T 

SLf - i LAM 91Z1D doubfa 1LS 

SUNBEAM 9332D 3 heat doaUn 143J 

SUNBEAM SHP1 Heat Pad 93 



In-Car Entertainment n 

Fining kh and speakers not included. 

Car Radios 

M OTOR OLA 184 LW/MW (push 

button/ 

Car Slant Cassettes 

AUDIOLINE 320 auio reverse 

PYE 2279 

Car Stereo Radio Cassettes 

AUDIOLINE 410 LW/MW/slereu 

VHF. eiitei reserve 

AUDIOLINE 428 LW/MW fuerco 

VHF. auto reverse, metal 

AUDIO LINE 409 LW/MW^rerro VHF 
GOQDM A NS GCE20 1 LW/MWfuereO 

VHF. amn reverse 

GOODMANS GCE203 LW/MW/slneo 

VHF. amo reverse 

LLOYTRON GUO MW, stereo VHF. , 
LLOYTRON GS80 MW/stcrcn VHF, 

amo reverse - 

PIONEER XP2M0 MW/uereo STIF.. 
PIONEER 4930 LW/MW.'slereo VHF. 
PIONEER KE6300 LW/MW/ct. VHF. 
amo reverse, IS aution memory. . . . , 

' /uereo 
, 20 

watt*. Din E fin i n g 

FYE SF2649 LW/MWJWeren VHF. . . 
SHARP KG'S 10 MW,!ierec. VHF onto 

SHARP' ROMM LW/MW/Kenin VHF 
GOODMANS DEI 00 nO wan 7 band 
graphic equalise; iiwar hi-fi 

Accessories 

ALBA FD34 manual aerial 

AUDIOLiNE 476 manual car aerial, 

VHF rated 

AUDIOLINE 463 fully automitie 
dstre aerial 

PYE SP3S speakers ipairj 

SHARP CP52 speakers (pair) 


Sate Pikt 
me. VAT 


po wered 

TEXAS TI 35 solar powered, slimline, 

c/ w wallet 

TEXAS 17 $7 Mk.H4fi p rogrammi ng 


Sale Price 
ine. VAT 


TEXAS TI 55 Mk. H/J6 
flmetioBs, progrtnnibte . .. 


In-Car HI-FI Speakers 

Priced as pain. 


AMSTRAD CS3S 30 sratu 11.25 

AMSTRAD CS4S 25 watts I8.M 

AUDIOLINE 3S0 20 waits 1L50 

GOODMANS CX 12 unui 930 

GOODMANS CX23 25 mtu 1725 



In-Car HI-FI Speakers 
— continued 

Salt Price 
tec. VAT 

GOODMANS Com pin 10 a alts .... 20.90 

GOODMANS Slimline JOvratuco-aiul 1».W 

PIONEER TS55 30 "tut . 

14.M 

PIONEER TSKI2 JUnm 

PIONEER 7SI6I.1 60 waiiy .... 

PYE SP48 JO »atu 

PY E SPS0 I tpenker lyclem 40 warn 

2JJ« 

3230 

17.45 

. 27.25 

Record Players 

Sale Price 
ice. VAT 

GOODMAN’S McJody Maker .. 

44.50 


Hi-Fi 



AKGKI30 »*-W 

GOODMANS HP1 *-25 

GOODMANS HP2 9J5 

KOSSK20 

SOLAVOX SH200 5.J0 

SOLAVOX SHJOO KM 


Sate Prica 
tec. VAT 


1435 

I7.9S 

19.95 

24JS8 

I0 - 30.95 

16.25 

11.M 



31.25 

31-25 

26 5# 

Soper 4' 45J5 


Disc Cameras ^ yjj 

KALINA DISC 118 I3.7S 

HA LINA TELE DISC 128. 1830 

KODAK TELE DISC 29.90 

110 Cameras 

H ALIN A STB tmih-in Sash 14.75 

HAUNA SBTM built-in Basb 20.90 

35 mm. Compacts 

HAL1NA HIM Outfit with bnill-in 

ffa&b, fihnj md b anenex 2430 

HAUNA SPEEDY 13 Ootfii «nth buih- 
“> Bob, motorised fibn wind/rcvnnd, 

aim and hattsnea 37.90 

MINOLTA GF 30.90 

OLYMPUS XA3 Compact with AH 

flavii and DX Him meed eating 7930 

PE NT AX PINO 35 buih^i 33,90 

VTVTTAR PS30 built-in flesh 4538 


Comet 

Delivers 

For a nominal 
charge Comet 
will deliver _ 
your purchase 
to your door. 


Late Night Shopping 

OPEN 

DAILY 9am — 8pm., 
SATURDAY 9am — 5.30pm., 

(All Scottish branches open SUNDAY 10am — 5pm) 


Credit at Comet 

instant Credit up to £1000 
with No Deposit (APR 
29.8%). Instant Credit of 24 
times your monthly payment 
(from £5), e.g. £10 a month 
gives you £240 purchasing 
power. Comet is a credit 
broker for this service. 




Photographic — cont. “ 

Anto Focus 

FUJI DL20O cuts IBs load /wind oof 


Sale Pri™ 

ine. VAT 




OM2 Spot Profinun vitb 

50 nun. fU lens 21930 

PENT AX K 1000 with M mm. f 2 tom, 

open aperture TTL aKderirrs 11830 

PENTAX F30 with M mm. fl.7 tern 
PENTAX ME Super » mm, 1 1.7 lots.. 15230 
PENTAX Program A XI mm. fl.7 low. 17L90 
FENTAX A3 with 50 nun. fl.7 lent . , . . 17330 

Minolta Lenses 

28 nnn.f2.8 wide angle 5R58 

73-210 mm. f* macro zoom 13730 

OiVmWB I wiim 

28 wide 6235 

1 35 nun.f3.5 Tdrphoio . , 4830 

6>200 mm. U zoom 16630 

Ozeck Series U Leases 

All OZECK bin are guaranteed for 5 years, 
and cock comp tax with del roe turd case. 

28 ram. 12.8 macro wide angle CANON/ 
OLYMPUS: PENTAX KA/ RICOH 

XRP mounts 44.90 

75-233 rr.m. f4.5 one lourii macro zoom 
CAS0N/0LYMPU5/PENTAX KA/ 

RICOH XRF mounts 99.90 

35-2CC mm. f33 One Touch macro zoom 
CANON/OLYM PUS/ PENTAX KA/ 

n RICOH XRP mounts 13930 

28-135 rnm.fl.8 one loccfi macro zoom 
CANON/OLYMPUS/PENT AX KA/ 

RICOH XRP mounts 159.90 

PcBiax‘A r Series Lenses 

28 mm. n.8 TaLumar 'A' wide angle. . . 5L95 

70-200 ram. T4 TalcuRur'A' romn. ... HAW 
28-80 rua.fJ.y/K Tzkurrur - A’ room. . 128.99 

Stem- Lenses 

SO-200 mm. fi.5 one touch micro loom 
CANON, GLY.M PUS, -PENTAX K 

rniiunu 56.95 

Vivhar Series I Leases 
70.210 mm. f2.M.O macro zivfli 
CANONiOLYMPUS,-pENTAX KA 

mourns 149.90 

Tele Convertors 

VIVrT AR I ^ CANON/OLYM PUS 
OK, PENTAX K 1935 

Slide Projectors 

HANTMEX RONDETTE ISM »F 

auio rocw 6130 

HAKIMLX LA RONDE EFT auln 

focus 6730 

REFLECT A Diarulor 'A' cjw CS 40 
macu me, remoie control focus. ... 4430 

REFLECT A Dumalor 'AF c/w'CS 40 

maguine. aino focus 55,90 

HAHNEL DH500 slide viewer, projeetef 3930 

Fjash pms 

AUTOMATIC 

VIViTAR 283 4 slop ante, ihymior 

circuitry, bounce head 3430 

DEDICATED 

OL YM PUS T20 *ulo 25.90 

OLYMPUS TI’ into 59.90 

PENTAX AF3MS auto 32.90 

PENTAX AF2Q0SA deduced 
programmed for Program 'A'. SI and 

Super'A'ca-merji 39.50 

Telescopes 

TAhCO C57TR Tebaer, refractor 
I JO * 50 mm. me. tripod. Come, wiib 
Halley's Oral 16 page colour tool. 

Halley's Comet tracker map, Rand 
McNally moon nun. 5* Planisphere 
and Signpou i oils Slit: book.. . 47.50 

TASCQ CIDER Telescope 'Spoil mg 
scope, 1 2 — 4 3 . SO mm. power loom 
me. inpod . Comer- with Halley's 
Comet In page colour hook and 

Halley'i Cornel i racket map 59.90 

TASCO CJTKB Telescope c/w «660 
Photo Tube Adaptor 140 * 3" mirror 
tJO - . 56 • . 140 ■ . room 39 « lo 
117 ■ 1. ine. Uipod. Comes with 
Halley's Comet In page colour hook, 

Halley's Cornel i tucker map, Key to 
16 Grids Beyond. Rood McNally moon 
map. Hr Planisphere, Stars ai a 
Glance book and Astronomy Through 
The Telescope book 179.98 

Binoc&ters 

CZECH Hawks x JO c/w ease . ... 29.90 

OZECK Hawk B - 40 c/w euse 42.90 

OZECK Hawk 7 < 50 c/w case . .. 4939 

OZECK Hawk 10 ■ 50 c/w case... 49.90 

PENTAX 7 - 20 DCF 59.90 

FENTAX 9 • 20 DCF 69.90 

RANGER 8 < 30 c/w care 19.90 

RANGER 10 s SO c/w ease 2630 

Gadget Bags 

GUARDSMAN Model *B' 17.90 

GUARDSMAN Model 'C* 13.90 

GUARDSMAN Model 'D' 9.90 

ORION 1 1930 

ORION 2 22.90 

ORJON 3 2130 

Canos Accessories 

POWAWIND'A* 4630 

Olympus Accessories 

OM 10 Manual adaptor 9.75 

om wuuk*2 .7T7T. 49.90 

Pen ax Accessories 

MEAulowbider 52.75 

Projedor Accessories 

SOLAVOX 50- > 5<r Screen 1630 

SOLAVOX 50- s S0r Double tided 

m ec ri 1830 

KANIMEX Rondcx Rotary slide 

magxune 125 

STANDARD Z r SO jidc magazine 
in pibina 1.75 


GOODS IN STOCK 

Ail ire™ have been specially reduced in price for 
the Comet Sale but all have noi necessarily been 
sold at a lusher prior for a continuous period of 
28 days ut the preceding 6 months. All offers are 
subject io availability or white! easting nocks 
I ait during the Sale. 

Frio* ralid be mo weeks Iran 16 1235 — II. 136. 



You have the 
option to extend your 
guarantee to 5 years 

indueEnq parts & labour 

for one single payment 


... C19.W 

. . . £89.99 


TELEVISIONS 

Bbflt and While. up lu and 

including 16" . i 1 8.99 

Colour up lo and including In" .. .. 154.99 

C'jIiAie over lo" 144.99 

Bcmoie Control Tclmsions . . '.'6.00 extra 

Remote' Control uuhTcleicu . Cl 0.00 extra 
VIDEO A CAMCORDER 
Video Recorders <1 Camiinricr 

{2nd& 3rd year oniyl £49.99 

|5 years/ £89.99 

AUDIO 

■ Citizen* Band Radm 115.99 

■ C/tr Radio A- In- Car Hi Ft £24.99 

• excludes aerub. 

HOME COMPLTERS iconsniccntel - 

L'p lo £200 Purchase Price L3S.99 

Over £200 Purchase Pnie £45.99 

CAMERAS inc lenses £I5S9 

HI-n 

Hi-Fi RjcV Sssicmi £55.99 

MtiiicCcniroy £2R99 

Cumpaci-’Dqiilal -\udio Dim. Filters £39-99 

HI H SEPARATES 

Amplifiers r 1 5.99 

Tuners ... .... 115.99 

Turntables ictci tanridg-.- 

and si.elusi . . Cl 939 

Tuner Amplifiers 122.99 

Tape decks Rasseite) .... 119.99 

Pair of Speakers £19.99 

HOME LAUNDRY 
Automatic Hsshinp Machines 
1 2nd and 3nf year only i 

available un rnosi brands £39.99 

Auiumalic Wiihins; M jl hmes 
uilhbuili- in Tumble Dner 
i2nd and 3rd year onlyi 

available on mosi brands £45^9 

Tain Tubs /2nd and jidyenr only i . £24.99 

Twin Tuh-. £4099 

Tumble Drvcra £15.99 

Spin Diyen £29.99 

DISHWASHERS £5959 

REFRIGERATION 

Refnperaiois £2499 

Fndpu Frteiers £33299 

Deep Freezers £29.99 

All Kefn^cruiion Includes 1200 food insurance 
cover 

COOKERS 

Free Standing igar.'eleeirir dual fuel) £32.99 

EuiK-in Ovens \/;.ii.'trlectrii / £32-99 

Built-in Hobs fgai/electriei 122.99 

Microwave Ovens £2959 

VACUUM CLEANERS £24.99 

CAS FIRES 'ELECTRIC HEATERS .. £19.99 

in rnosi tsises Comet carry out servicff- 
witbout charge to you. 

However, should a manufacturer's service agent 
require payment, simply complete ihe fnsurance 
claim form bra full refund or the repair charge. 

The FIVE STAR OPTION is also 
available on most other items 
stocked at ComeL 


Branches throughout the U.K. For the address of your nearest Comet branch, see your local telephone directory or Ring Teledata 24-hour service on 01 200 0200 























THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 

SPECTRUM 




The despot 
who rides a 
hungry tiger 

P ity President Muhammad 

Zia til-Haq as he rides foe TllP TtnipC ' 
tiger of despotism. The X llC X 111 I to 
more be indicates that he 


RaghfR^Monm 


P ity President Muhammad 
Zia ul-Haq as he rides the 
tiger of despotism. The 
more be indicates that he 
would like to get off the 
more the possibility grows that he 
will be eaten alive. So he smiles bis 
famous shark-likc grin and stays on 
top. 

Now that martial law has been 
lifted, the General remains not only 
President but also Chief of Staff of 
the army. Since the Chief of Staff 
has invariably been the one to ease 
out the previous ruler and bring in 
martial law. this is at least one 
danger that he does not have to face 
immediately. 

The lifting of martial law has been 
welcomed as no more than a change 
of clothing for the military regime 
which has ruled Pakistan for the pasL 
eight and a half years. If he does give 
too much away and allows the 
politicians to gei out of control, he 
knows that the lieutenant-generals of 
the junta surrounding him are likely 
to be as ruthless in toppling him as 
he was in toppling the previous 
Prime Minister, Mr Zulfikar Ali 
Bhutto. 

Yet, at first, Lt-Gen Zia showed 
no signs of wanting to hang on to 
power. When he took over and 
politely escorted Mr Bhutto and his 
ministers to Murrec. the queen of 
hill-resorts, and lodged them 
comfortably in the guest houses of 
the town, he planned a brief clearing 
up of the disorders and a speedy 
return to elected democracy. 

People who know him insist that 
the intention was real. He had not 
wanted to seize and hold power at 
that lime, but wanted to avoid a 
civil war and pul democracy back on 
its tracks. General Zia. who had 
been appointed Chief of StafT of the 
armed forces by Mr Bhutto a year 
earlier, was anguished by what was 
happening in the country in m id- 
1977. Opposition to the increasingly 
tyrannical and eccentric Prime 
Minister grew into a mass move- 
ment. 

Bhutto, unwilling to involve the 
armed forces, told Zia he had 
arranged for cadres of the PPP - the 
Pakistan People's Party, the biggest 
political grouping at that time and 
the Bhuttos’ vehicle to power - to be 
given arms. 

Friends of the General say that, 
when the opposition parties heard 


The Times 
Profile: 

President 

Zia 


this news. they, too, started distri- 
buting arms to their supporters, 
though guns are a commodity rarely 
in short supply in Pakistan. 

The generals gathered in the Chief 
of Stan's residence, close to the 
brewery in the cantonment area of 
Rawalpindi. There were only eight 
generals present (and only 35 
generals altogether, a situation that 
has since been remedied: there are 
now 100). They agreed to take 
power. General Zia decided, after 
giving further assurances of support 
to the Prime Minister, to move at 
midnight on July 7. “Operation Fair 
Play” he called the coup. 



BIOGRAPHY 


1824 Bom in JuHundai*,A 

1945 Commissioned Into 






9$ - /' . 

§*f M, 

, I Mfr 

7 : 


H aving taken control, with- 
out a drop of blood being 
spilt, he announced that 
new elections would be 
held in 90 days' time, 
under strict supervision and so 
entirely free and fair. Whichever of 
the warring groups won would be 
installed in power and the Army 
would return to its barracks. 

After supervising the installation 
of the apparatus of military control. 
General Zia went to see Mr Bhutto. 
They negotiated for a while, and 
eventually Mr Bhutto was freed to 
gear himself up for the elections. 

Once in Karachi, say the Gen- 
eral's supporters sadly, the Prime 
Minister began a campaign against 
the imposition of martial law, and 
mayhem again threatened in the 
streets. Mr Bhutto was locked up 
and the elections were cancelled. 

There was now a bitter judgement 
to be made, the effects of which still 
have not been lived down by the 
martial law regime. A prosecution 
implicating Mr Bhutto in the 
murder of a political opponent was 
brought Under the prevailing 
conditions it is scarcely surprising 
that he was found guilty and 
sentenced to death. What was 




1953 US Staff Coflege, f^rt Leaven- 
worth. • „ ^ 

1964 Lt-COf -and frw&uctor at Quetta. 
Staff CoOege. 

_196S Brigadier, served as achrtaar w 
Royal Jordanian Army imtlt 1971. 
1972 Promoted Ma^aen 

1975 Promoted LfrGen _ . 

1976 Made Chief of Array Staff. ; 

1977 Took power as Chief Martial Law 
Administrator. 

1878 Became President September 16. 

1983 Announced programme for return 
to democracy, August 12. 

1984 Used referendum to extend period 
S3 President for Rvb years. 

1985 Held elections to new national and 
- provincial assemblies. -Ended 

martial law. December 3 Ql 


It could not have come at a better 
time. Pakistan found itself the 
special target for favours of finance 
and aid, particularly of a military 
kind, and the Zia regime was 
encouraged to stay in power and 
promote stability and military 
strength. 

Stabilized in his position with 
American money and guns. General 
Zia remained in power, plainly 
believing that he was best person to 
bring order to Pakistan. His moves 
towards the re-establishment of a 
carefully controlled democracy have 
all been devised with the aim of 
keeping General Zia in power, no 
matter bow much he may publicly 
disclaim such ambitions. 

The future dictator was bom in 
JuHunder, now an important com- 
mercial town in the Indian half of 
Punjab, in August 1924. His father, 
Mr Akbar All. was a government 
clerk. Young Zia went to a local 
school, but was bright enough to be 
sent to prestigious St Stephen's 
College in Delhi for his amber 
education. 


and he' sealed than in Peshawar, 
where his mother still fives. His 
brothers have not done famously: 
one owns a Karachi ahoeshop, the 
other is a spice me rchant . 

IBs frontier posting meant also 
that he saw no action in the post- 
independence Kashmir war and, 
in deed, has not seen action since. In 
the 1965 war with India he was a 
staff officer at the headquarters of an 
armoured division and^at the 
outbreak of the Bangladesh war of 
independence in 1971 he was on 
secondment commanding th e Pak is- 
tani forces lent to Jordan. However, 
he has proved himself agun and 
pg ai> as a punctilious, highly 
competent staff officer. 

His country’s first experience of 
martial law came in 1958, when the 

President. Major-General Iskander 

Mirta, abrogated the constitution 
only to find himself eased out of the 
job by his Chief of Army Staff; 
General Ayub Khan, a fortnight 
later. Mayor (as he then was) 22a was 
given charge of bringing calm and 
cleanliness to the town of Multan. 
“He made sure there were no flies or 
mosquitoes on the tea tables”, said 

an admirer later. 


/\f 

[X 


W hen Zia, who had been 
promoted to Brigadier 
two years earlier, re- 
turned from Jordan in 
1971 for ihe end of 
Bangladesh’s war of independence, 
he found the Army almost bereft of 
generals because so many had been 
disgraced in the war. His promotion 
was rapid. He was made Msgor- 
General in 1971 and Lieutenant- 
General in 1975. 

When Mr Bhutto looked for 
someone to replace Lt-Gen TDcka 
Khan, the so-called “Butcher of - 
Bengal”, as Chief of Army Staff; his - 
eye fell on the punctilious, loyal and - 
religious Zia. General Tikka Khan 
did not recommend him. “L thought 
he was dull”, he complained later. _. 
“In any case, he was the most junior 
of all the eight lieutenant-generals”. “ 
.General Zia’s task since he took 
over as the country’s ruler has been 
much like his job in Multan in 1958, ' 
only with a huger canvas. When the 
Army decided that holding elections - 
was to be a second priority, he set 
about instituting cleanliness and 
order nationwide. Given his back- . 
ground, it was natural that the 
ascetic virtues of Islam would be his 
preferred vehicle. 

. While Pakistan has accordingly 
become a much duller place, foe key 
to its carefully controlled descent 
into democracy has been in General 
Zia’s own deter mination to avoid 
foe over-excitement of popular 
politics, foe untidiness of charisma 
and the imprecision of mass appeal. 

Provided such excesses can still be 
restrained after the lifting of martial 
law. he seems likely to be able to * 
remain at the head of affairs for 
some longer, time - a standing 
tribute to foe virtues of good staff- 
work. He need not, however, be 
pitied too much. 

Michael Hamiyn 


Cleanliness and Older for Pakistan, bat no elections yet under President Zia 


astounding, however, is that Genera! 
Zia, no doubt with the encourage- 
ment of his junta, allowed the 
sentence to stand, and despite 
world-wide appeals Mr Bhutto was 
hanged on April 4. 1979. 

World opinion was outraged. 
General Zia was depicted thereafter 
as a bloodthirsty killer. The clean, 
straightforward, disciplined image of 
the martial law regime became 
tarnished with blood. The martial 
law courts and their sentences of 
flogging became the symbol for the 
regime. Opponents estimate that 
11.000 criminals and political 
dissidents have been flogged by 
General Zia’s executioners. 

The growing Islamizatioa of foe 
country was regarded is foe same 


nay. Outlandish punishments -» 
amputations, stoning to death, 
flogging of women caught in 
adultery - were attributed to foe 
religious courts, even though none 
was actually carried oul Islamabad 
which had been a reasonably 
cheerful town under the Bhutto 
regime, became foe dour and 
alcohol-free zone it is now. 

General Zia rescheduled elections 
for November 1979, but found them 
boycotted by most of the political 
parties. Only foe Tehrik-i-Istiqlal 
Party (Solidarity Party) of Air 
Marshal Asghar Khan said that it 
would participate. 

The generals met once more. 
“Why", they asked themselves, 
“‘should we hold elections just for 


the benefit of old Asghar Khan?” It 
would be better, they felt, if they 
settled down to run the country on a 
more extended basis themselves and 
attempted to bring sobriety, cleanli- 
ness. good order and military 
discipline to Pakistan. 

Then came General Zia's most 
dangerous stroke of luck. On 
December 27, 1979, just a month or 
two after foe junta had decided to 
stay in power indefinitely, foe Soviet 
Union invaded Afghanistan. Pakis- 
tan, which had hitherto been 
friendly with foe United States - it 
had to be, in deference to India's 
close ties with the Soviet Union - 
now became foe front-line state on 
foe very border of expansionist 
international Communism. 


I t was wartime, and foe young 
Zia was much taken with a 
recruiting poster showing a 
daredevil tank commander, 
wearing the blade beret of foe 
Armoured Corps, grinning out of a 
turret. Second lieutenant Zia first 
clipped on his pips and wore his 
. tank commander’s beret . in May 
1 945. In the three months before foe 
war ended he saw service in Burma, 
Malaya and Java. 

He must have been a rather 
difficult colleague. The Indian Army 
of. that time, both before and after 
independence, built foe officers’ 
social life around the mess, with 
uninhibited drinking, hi ghjinkx and 
much social contact between foe 
sexes. Zia was a committed Muslim 
who would not touch _ alcohol, 
shunned open friendship ' with 
women and prayed five times a day. 
On the other , hand he was, and 
always has been, agreeable, polite 
and considerate in social situations. 

When independence came, he was 
serving on the North-West Frontier, 
that austere Muslim rock-scapeL His 
family chose to migra te to Pakistan 


Sanderson Sale 

Dec. 28th- Jan. Uth 

Monday-Friday 9.30am-5.30pm. Saturday 9.00am-5.30pra 

Fabrics, wallpapers (incl. handprints), bedlinen. 
Display items from roomsets. 
Upholstery, cabinet furniture and lighting. 

All at special prices. 

Sanderson, Berners St, London W1 

Car Park, Coffee Shop 

Oxford Circus or Tottenham Court Road Tube Stations. 


The power of alternative aid 


CONCISE CROSSWORD (No 838) 





“Everyone. Mr Fortnum. is excited b> ih 
return of Halley’s Comet.’ 

' Seen it 3 times before, Afr Meson. 
Nothing like os exciting 
as our Reductions. ' 




There's a welcome, and 
a lesson, for Bob Geldof 
in a Welsh centre 
powered by the wind. 
Gareth Haw Davies 
saw it in action 

A windmill spins furiously in a 
wet Welsh gale on a hilltop 
above Machynlleth. Down 
below, in foe shelter of an old 
slate quarry, its gyrations power 
the lights that glow out of foe 
December midday gloom from 
the huddle of restored labour- 
ers’ cottages which make up 
Britain's most successful testing 
ground bed for a simpler and 
more environmentally benign 
technology. 

The Centre for Alternative 
Technology enters its eleventh 
year in its mid-Wales fastness 
with an increasingly confident 
appeal to foe overeonsumic; 
west to change its ways. But 
while the ccntic waits to catch 
the strengthening wind from foe 
environmental movement in 


to install But African villages 


H Mil I ACROSS 

V UlU * As result (2,1 ly 

. 9 latent (3) 

10 Jogging wear (9) 

remedies, which it has then !i 


W mijmuu VMS iviuvimvj, u>vu I | « fViin nor fTl 

don't need to buy foe value- tried to pass off on the I eSSuLm 



added western import. Wind- 
mills can easily be made locally, 
says Todd. The centre proves 


unprepared Third World. FUttfsT 

And it is the attitude of foe 22 Penetrable (9) 
First World which, Raine 24 Bounder (3) 


this by making its own in an believes, could still defeat any 75 Fellowship (6,2.5) 
improvised blacksmith's shop, attempt to re-equip underdeveil- DOWN 
The charcoal furnaces arc made oped countries with foe tech- J Coarse (6) 
from petrol drums, which it nology the centre advocates. In 2 Insight (6) 
demonstrates to Voluntary its fust 10 years the centre has 3 Detested person ©) 

Service Overseas (ySO) cngm- concentrated on preaching to f rSJSTiuL/jv 
eers coached mainly tn foe the west, which he sees as \ 
profound mvstery of high tech chiefly responsible for Third 7 SSJSy (« 
equipment. Todd points to a 40 World problems. Raine believes 12 Be wrong (3) . 
watt wind-pump, its aluminium ^ solutions have to be 14 Spectators (8) 


wait wind-pump, its aluminium 


solutions 




head made from “the melted- promoted in foe west in order lo 15 Decay (3) 
down crank cases from a Mini raa ke them respectable to the Secret messag 
and a half, fixed up with used Third World; “Governments in J* ^Basant6) 
sump oil”. underdeveloped countries are 18 Express to) 



20 Permanent account 21 Cruelty enjoyer (6) 
(fi). 23 Go out (4) 



AlteraatiTe technologist; Peter 


sump oil”. underdeveloped countries are 18 Express (6) (6) 23 Go out (4) 

The centre’s pump is all likely to reject them if they IP - N ? 83 L . -tT ' 

metal and requires far less perceive them to be second-best f 9 V 1 n ^S e ** Overtake ttKnot 

precision in its manufacture here. If it gets to foe point that I7Es Py 18 Subserve 21 Eminent 22 Bijou 23 Harm 

than a diesel pump. But even windn^ air ronsated appro- DOW?h 3 Ire 4 Knockle-dnsto- 5 Pubs 6 Channel 

pratt fcr Aftiabm »ol_ for 12Tn» 14 End. 16 ReplioW Rajah 


Britain then we have failed.* 


20 Seem 22 Buy 


Aueraaroe iecmKuog.5c manufacture to a society al- 

Ram. and wuKbniU aid S^f^ccptivc «, self-help. 

Even better, he says, would be 
African vtflage. At all costs, foe | Q p m money in to local 


envnronmCTrei movcmeai ro ^ conizations should avoid technical colleges 
Bntam aed E urope, acr e f eu-d j,.,^ ift* big “S^SuseuipiSu 

be .a more a^ediate app-- hospitals or food pro- ^ 

cation for its ideas m Aar.cm. involve the Once foe pump r. 

societies devasteted by drouga. ^isr. ± fcod Ieci , 30 iogy.- do they ensure 
and famine. ... efficiently? The ceni 

*?■= ma st expensive piece ot solutic 


technical colleges to train 
indigenous engineers. 

Once foe pump is built how 
do they ensure it works 
efficiently? The centre offers an 
unexpected solution. It has 


Mr Fortnum & Mr Mason 
invite you to the 
amazing sighting of 
Reductions - 
commencing 9am Friday 
3rd January 


"ZZ ITT 7Z, «**=?**« ^ sliould desi giai and built -its own 

The cost or recreating require » a waid electricity co^Srterized. solar-powered 
a self-sustaining Sudan s**?™*! ° T p j^ p LiT?5 dara-logger which keeps a 

rniild be auite modest cec “” c ’ *~;. ng W1 .* h a isl f? d record of the pump’s perfonn- 
COUIO pe quite rnoaest ccMunitses. . nas foe rare Mce for U p to six months, so 

* prachca: experience of drawing pi^nps and windmills can 
Once the starving have been ^ power from the wind. Even ^ where they perform 
revived with grain from big Ox.am s o£5 res are lit from the 5^ At around £1,500. this 
western trucks running on ->2-cnai tir.a. works out as foe centre’s most 

expensive OPEC-priced pelreL The community, with a core expensive piece of technology 
it will be time for a long-term resident population of 12 adults but. once sites in a region have 





The centre believes it and four children, rising to 60 in been 1 


practical the summer 


50.000 nxou 


advice to Bob Geldof s Band visitors pass through, runs itself efficiency. 
Aid Trust as it ponders fcow to on foe power from foe 15 kW 
spend its outstanding millions. Pclenko windmill and two 
While aid experts have foco- water turbines. Raine. who Thee 

rized. foe centre has been heau his collage and powers his fl j v . 


foe cost would be 
increased pump 


-- V-1T 

1 lilt? 


The centre offers an 
adventure trail of 
sensible solutions 


L'p !0 SC 1 ?- eft sslcstsd reg-j-ar 
Hack acre tazdiie. 


‘Should people bring their 
telescopes, Mr Fortnum?’ 

7 think not, Mr Mason* 

Jortnum&Mason 

Piccadilly London W1 A IERTekpl»«W ;JS480<0 


successfully testing the mams- fridge and stereo on 40 watts a fluituimv uwi v* 

factoring, power generation and nigbt. says; “I find it perfectly sensible SOiUtlOnS 

food production processes adequate. For a village which 

which could turn aid-dependent has never had electricity. 40 yv. an independent 

villages into contented, seif-re- wans would be fantastically bo<Jv its income from 

liant communities. use^ They ran run a radio visitors, courses and sales. 

The information the centre’s an adventure ami of 

director, Peter Raine, would ■?- cn,CT S ency sensible solutions around foe 

like to give to Band .Aid - ccm«.***"CaEQSs. converted cottages - from solar 

surprisingly no one from Gel- Dr Robert Todd, technical space beaters, ideal for a desert 
dofs organization has yet dimeter a: foe centre, is 1 anxious region like the Sahel where 
visited foe centre - b that the that long-term solutions in are hot and nights can be 
cost of recreating a srif-sustair.- Africa should not include the bitterly cold, to low-energy 
ing Ethiopia or Sudan could fee diesel generator. “This gener- stoves and a fish pond. For 
modest Raine’s pr o g ra mme ator is probably foe cheapest at famine regions, Raine rec- 
would be high on practical ouuet Bui immediately ommends the lilapia, a veg- 



"in 


.Tferco:' 


f ^7-:/ 


. -a, •- 

■:\ fc ^ 

rHt; 









ing Ethiopia or Sudan could fee diese. geasralor. “This gener- 
modest Raine’s programme ate.? is probably the cheapest at 
would be high on practical ouuet Bui immediately 
instruction and low on capita! villages become dependent on 
project ' vnticerable imported oil and 

“Our technological solutions 

am smafl^riativdy easy W S?.. P "S 


villages become dependent on etarian fish living off scraps or 
vulnerable imported oil and algae: 
spare parts”. Todd argues that Far many of foe ideas it 
after five years foe wind pump claims no credit at aJL What it 


M C » a *i Eq BHcm*WWi« y WtCESBM m 
M^/DWo«c«iapeiso*tw T ocaus3 
JtfCPTgPL O r» fW b wf i rt \IOr nft» id< M iaB 
upcrtonUnt. HKj i iu fB wart S ai farTMifcM 




ruSSSMuTd^a “ ChapCT ' J “ ^ f»*»ci f *ivnttam.»ot«ng 


on men in white coats main- 
taining them. They can be 
carried out here by us, or in foe 


diesel pump. 


home while foe advanced west 


The Polenko windmill coa has pressed on with higher cost I 
the centre £12.000 and £8,000 and environmentally suspea 


sss&r'w* 


!lir Fi 

3 (h&K 






, ii ■ 











BOOKS 


'‘‘i 



France with a passion 


t; -q. 




T be French have an expression 1 
for this one. Shoulders up, 
palms out, eyebrows down, 
Hps like a citron press i and: 
BoaufJ It translates roughly as: very 
charming, but does one really need a 
guide to France? . ... _ 

A map, a corkscrew, a copy of 
Montaigne's Essays plus - the local’. 
journal du soir , would seem to me to 
cover most eventualities. Together of 
course with a passion for something' 
(or someone) irredeemably Gallic; 
which is the only thing the French . 
really like about foreigners anyway. 

A candid passion for the game of 
boules. for example, will take yon 
deep into the intricacies of French 
village life, and even deeper still when 
it becomes p&anqiu: (and pernod) 
south of a line drawn through te Puy; - 
(Collins: "On the summit stands an 
enormous, unappealing red cast-iron 
statue, N otre-Dame-de- France, 16 
metres high and weighing 110 tons.**) 
The word peianque. incidentally, 
comes from the Provencal, ped tanco 
meaning one foot fixed to the earth, a 
sound first principle in travelling too. ’ 

Or again, a tendresse far French 
railway-station, restaurants (and not 
only the five-star at the Garede Lyons, 
with its wonderful Second Empire " 
murals.) will transport' you . far down 
the line till you discover. something 
like the Buffet de la Gare at 
Valenciennes, which proposes three 
kinds cf Bo ulette d’Avesnes 
those peppery pink volcanoes, and a 
rare petit ros6 de Bourgogne. (Collins: 
“Flemish belfry housing 47 bells . . 
nearby St Am and still visited as a 
spa.") 

Or perhaps a healthy interest in 
French medieval beast-carvings and 
grotesques, which must certainly start 
off at Dijon cathedral where St 
Benigne was haunted by man-eating 
owls, and where it is best to touch for 
luck the small winged stone creature 
io the church wall of the Rue de la 
Chouette, before descending to the 
lOlb century crypt where he was 
immured with those familiars graphi- 
cally . illustrated on the p illar s. 
(Collins: “Jacquemart dock with 
mechanical models . . ■: famous 
mustard.'*) 

Or plain hero-worship (an emotion 
well understood in France) for some 
particular, writer or painter who has 
his special terre naiale: Flaubert in 
Normandy. Nerval in the Valois, Van 
Gogh in Provence. (Collins: ‘"in Aries 
he cut ofThis ear.*!) . _ . . . . 

Or quite simply a desire to peer 
into those hundreds of little French 


museums, dotted round the whole 
country; which are so characteristic of 
the' land of local chercheurs and batty 
enthusiasts:. . bagpipes at Ehtrecas- 
teaux, lead soldiers at Compfegne, 
•vintage cars at UzAs, early cinema- 
tography at Beaune, waxworks at 
■ Montmartre, or balloonmg^t Bayeux. 
All of which. I have to admit at once, 
are duly noted in Collins. 

• For such a guide does have certain 
functions of animation. a orientation. 
It prepares the ground, and points the 
trail for purely personal quests, which 
are to me the only- real reason- for 
packing a suitcase. Compiled by a 
posse of professional Francophiles, 
ranging from * Professor of French 
History to the Travel Editor of the 
Daily' Telegraph, the Collins pro- 
duction shows pleasing and unmistak- 
able signs of Gallic madness, despite 
some of those leaden . 'Gazetteer • 
entries and a general aroma of le fast- 
fbodumristique. : 

- There is . after all a definite art to 
guide- writing, which should somehow 
combine pedantry with poetry. (An- 
earnest young clergyman, once gravely 
asked. WHUam- Wordsworth if he had 
ever published anything betides his 
.splendid Guide to the Lake District) 
Compared say with the dated 
formalism of Hachettc’s Guide Bleu, 
which . Roland Barthes denounced as 
“the bourgeois sacrifice of men to . 
monuments.’', the Collins Guide is 
human, bustling, idiosyncratic, and. 
blessedly compact Tt is also dreamily 
illustrated with landscapes, portraits, 
and wine labels. ■ - 

E dited by John Ardagh. the 
encyclopaedic author of 
France in the 1980s it is 
divided into, two sections: a 
collection of seven aperitif essays, 
followed by a 300 page Gazetteer 
covering 21 regions and reflecting the . 
well-known Ardagh emphasis on 
-decentralization and the resurgence of - 
French provincial life. The essays 
attempt to define, while the Gazetteer 
tries to find- a local habitation and- a 
name: two approaches that do not 
always agree. There seems to be a 
difference of opinion, for example, on 
whether there really is a wonderful 
new gallery of Modem Art at Troyes. 
But as De Gaulle once sagely 
remarked, France is a land of over 
300 different cheeses, which, is what 
makes it so difficult to govern. 

This governing section of the book 
remains unsatisfactory, in as for as it 
suggests that, for the traveller, French 
culture consists solely of ‘ History, 
Architecture. Wine, Art, literature. 


Richard Holmes 
on the first book of 
the new year and a 
French companion 


THE COLLINS GUIDE TO 
FRANCE 

/ Edited by John Ardagh 

Collins. £15 


and Cooking (known here as Gastron- 
omy), Particularly when Literature 
appears to end with the arrival of 
Alan Robbc-Grillet ‘in Mari en bad, 
and History with the arrival of Hitler 
in Paris (though the two events may 
not be dissimilar in artistic terms). 
Leaving aside the possibilities of 
boules (Spoils), railway restaurants 


(Communications), and beast carv- 
ings (Religion), surely one might like 
to know about Music, or On etna, or 
Gardening, or Industrial Design? 

The publisher’s answer will be: no 
space, so faute de mieux. And to be 
fair, some of the introductory essays 
are small masterpieces of evocation 
and compression. Art, by Marc 
Jordan of the Courtauld Institute, and 
Wine, by Steven Spurrier of UAcade- 
mie du Vin, are both particularly 
striking, and 1 could read forever 
about Claude's “tender tones of 
fading day", or the “nectar-like 
Muscat de Beaumes de Venise, with 
its heady aroma of ripe peaches'*. 
Pedantry and poetry indeed. 

But the problem persists that all 
such guides, if we accept their terms. 
Inevitably try to sell us a kind of pre- 
packaged, historical daydream of 
France, la belle France sur gel&e. Wc 
are offered a country to be briskly 
consumed like a menu carte tourist i- 
Que. rather than a place to be slowly 
explored; and above all a place to get 


lost in. For a true cicerone, who will 
abandon you on a corner or in a cafe 
or at the beginning of a long 
boulevard of dusty plane trees, give 
me Richard Cobb or Georges 
Simenon or Jacques Brel every time. 

S till, we must all start somewhere 
1 suppose; and landing say at Le 
Havre, we should perhaps be 
grateful to know that the 
reinforced concrete port was con- 
structed by Auguste PerreL that the 
tower of the Hotel de Ville is 72 
metres high, and that the Art Museum 
contains 300 pictures and drawings by 
Boudin. It is only later that we may 
discover by other, more circuitous 
routes, snatched conversations au 
zinc, books from the stall, and 
wanderings in the dusk, that this was 
also the setting of the Quai des 
Brumes, that this was where the 
author of Zazie dans le Metro wrote 
his first novels, and that this was 
where the oldest football team in 
France, le Racing Havrais. was 
founded - by the English, bien sur. 





La Place de 1'Eglise, Saint Yeoire en Yaldaine, Dauphine, by Richard Cole 


The roots of the Jews 


S ihl j 


Raphael Loewe 

THE ROAD FROM 
BABYLON 

The Story of Sephardi and 
Oriental Jews 
By Chaim Raphael 

Weidenfeld A Nicholson, £16.95 


t? ^ & 


Since the French Revolution 
Gentiles in western Europe and 

America have generally seen the 

f ^ ews 35 stemming immediately 

or at few generations remove 
_____ from the great heartland of 

“ Yiddish -speaking, “Ashkenazi’* 

. j cwr y in Eastern Europe, with 

; -n - perhaps a few decades exposure 

„ jj^Tl 10 western education and values 

- through emancipation, whereas 

the “Sephardim” - popularly, 
?3 i g | but not quite accurately associ- 
=-*■ ■ ated with the Levant - appeared 

t A exotic. The reverse was pre- 

"T ] [ viously the norm, and since 
Israel’s demography now shows 
a majority loosely labelled 
“Sephardic” (Le. non-Ashkena- 
zic) outside observers may need 
guidance in comprehending the 
rather different ethos of 
. Sephardi Judaism, traditionally 

. no less committed to staunch 

. observance than the Ashkena- 

•' rim, but less tension-fraught or 

inclined to religious one-up- 
raanship, and perhaps more 
maturely aware that, authority 
sometimes needs to be blind 
and deaf: and its establishment 
not troubled about the Jewish 
legitimacy of cultural pluralism. 
Chaim Raphael adopts a 
broadly historical framework. 

Strictly speaking. “Sephar- 
dim" are descendants of Jews 
once resident in the Iberian 
; V vf J peninsula, where for a few brief 

s ren tunes their literary culture 
r" -• enjoyed a golden age; but the 
. i i Mediterranean axis of their 

' g ” origins and affinities, stretching 
* g in particular to Iraq or “Baby- 
{ \ I Ion", and the effect of enforced 

■ s> 'migrations to the Ottoman 

empire after expulsion from 
Spain in 1492 and Portugal in 
1-497 has extended the term to 
cover all oriental Jewries. Save 




in Salonike, etc, westernizing 
education funded from French 
and English Jewry reached but a 
few, so that the mass Sephardi 
immigration to Israel found 
itself a de facto second-class 
estate (a situation now being 
strenuously remedied) and the 
term ' thus took' on some 
political colouring, with elec- 
toral potentialities eagerly es- 
poused by- Menachem Begin 
and his Herat party. 

In the seventeenth century 
the “real” Sephardim - ex-cryp- 
lo-Jew* reverting to their frith, 
on leaving Spain or Portugal, in 
Amsterdam, London etc - had 
been trail-blazers in the west; 
long commercial and adminis- 
trative experience in Spain 
during the Christian reconquest, 
as well as in Arab lands, having 
prepared them for their role as 
entrepreneurs playing a leading 
part in the development of 
modem y capitalism. Chaim 
Raphael outlines not only their 
story, but lhat of their far-flung 
and colourful cousins from tbe 
Atlas to Knrdestap. 

Bold, impressionistic strokes 
are used, reasonably enough; 
but he does not always manage 
to avoid oyer-simplification. 
The magnificent Toledo syna- 
gogue Is no longer displayed as 
tbe “Church " of el transito” 
(which it became), but is 
proudly sign-posted in the 
streets in Hebrew and Spanish 1 
as sinagoga. Nor Is it quite fair 
to claim that tbe hapless victims 
of, the “Wood-accusation” in 
Damascus in 1840, though 
released, were, never “declared 
innocent”: Moses Monefiore, 
on his orientalist secretary’s 
advice, insisted that an equivo- 
cal Turkish word for pardon be 
replaced in th6 firman by 
“honourable release”. 

In general, this is a useful 
outline, to the uninitiated of an 
""untidy” subject, which the 
author has succeeded in render-, 
ing relatively coherent. The 
illustrations, too, , are good, 
although some descriptions are 
incorrect. - 


Jan Morris 


THE EXTENDED CIRCLE 
A Dictionary of 
- Humane Thought ‘ 
Edited by Jon Wynne-Tyson 

Centaur Press. £4.95 

God knows there is no shortage 
of great issues in tbe world, but 
fundamental to them all, in my 
view, is the issue of man’s 
relationship with the rest of 
nature, and pa rt i c u l a r ly with tbe 
animals. If we conld settle that 
one, surely we could settle aD 
the rest - for what Is a nuclear 
Arms race,- compared with the 
Matter of Man and Beast? 

- My own opinions about man 
and the animals are extreme. I 
believe all tiring things to be of 
equal value; a human soul is no 
more precious, and no less, than 
tee soul of a. beetle or a bear. It 
follows that the rights of ani- 
mals should be precisely the 
same as the rights of man; and 
that while in our present state of 
'enlightenment we cannot 
achieve soch a consummation, 
we should at least recognize as 
criminal aD zoos and safari 
parks (unlawful imprisonment), 
ail experimentation (tor- 

ture), all Wood sports (murder) 
and all phoney preservation 


Ring the bells of 
Heaven the wildest 
peal for years 


ploys (for preserving a rare 
speces in a cage h just the same 
as locking up a pair of Austra- 
lian aborigines, in case they die 
out). 

I often talk like this at 
dinner-parties, and am gener- 
ally conscious of scoffs across 
the table. Reason, realism, and 
religion, those three old cur- 
mudgeons, combine to dispute 
soch notions: to throw our 
emotions into such a cranky 
cause, they say, at a time when 
Africans are dying of hunger, 
nobody has found a cure for 
cancer, and the world stands 
anyway on the brink of catas- 
trophe, is just plain crazy. 

Occasionally I am persuaded, 
hot never for long: and my 
moments of donbt are going to 
be rarer still, and far briefer, 
because of the book I have 
before me now. John Wynn- 
Tyson’s anthology The 
Extended Circle is sab-titled “A 


Dictionary of Humane 
Thought”; and it constitutes a 
dazzling register of people who 
have, down the centuries, 
thought about man's place in 
nature in just the way I do 
myself. There is nothing more 
gratifying, to a reviewer or a 
reader, than to be able to say “I 
told you so”. 

Bat the myriad surprises of 
the book are like a refresher 
course for animal egalitarians. 
Who would ever have supposed 
that Mark Twain believed in the 
moral superiority of animals 
(“Heaven is by favor; if it were 
by merit your dog would go in 
and you would stay ont”) or that 
Abraham Lincoln actually used 
the phrase “animal rights”? 
Here is Roy Fuller reminding us 
that it is man who has fallen, 
not the beasts - “that is the 
message even for the irre- 
ligious". Here is D. M. Thomas 
describing in verse the ghastly 
vision of Sun Valley, "allegedly 


the largest chicken factory in 
Europe”. It is an angry and 
sorrowful book, but it is also full 
of beauties - D. H. Lawrence on 
the glory of a Sicilian viper 
could move the heart, one would 
think, of a snakes kin handbag- 
maker. 

But for me the chief splen- 
dour or The Extended Circle is 
its absoluteness. It is full of 
absolute opinions, absolutely 
expressed. Gorillas, declares 
Pat Derby flatly, “are what we 
shonld be". “I would rather 
submit to the worst of deaths”, 
says Robert Browning of vivi- 
section. “than have a single dog 
or cat slaughtered.” “The art of 
angling”, says Byron, “is the 
crudest, the coldest, and the 
stupidest of pretended sports.” 

That's the stuff! That's the 
way to stun the dinner party! 1 
urge this book upon all waverers 
in tbe cause of natural reconcili- 
ation. It is the ideal confir- 
mation present for religiously- 
raised children. It should be on 
every Sloane Ranger's wedding 
list. Complimentary copies 
ought to go to M-FJHs, curators 
of zoos, animal experimenters, 
dolphin-trainers; and somebody 
should send half-a-dozen to 
those insolent savages, some- 
where in California, who are 
trying to make gorillas talk. 


Scotch on the rocks 


HISTORIC ALS 


Philippa Toomey 



THE WORLD, THE FLESH 
AND THE DEVIL 
By Reay Tannahill 

Century, £995 

VICTORIA VICTORIOUS 
By JeaiiPialdy 

Hale. £9.95 

SUCH MIGHTY RAGE 
By C. Guy Clayton 

- Macdonald, £9.95 


of the clergy, and both Coluraba 
and Gavin felt less than 
trammelled by the vow of 
chastity.. This is an excellent 
adventure story, reminding the 
comfortable 20th century of the 
horrors of the plague, though we 
need no reminding of assassin- 
ations. Little is known of the 
real historical characters, Gavin 
Cameron and Columba Crazier, 
and this has left Reay Tannahill 


Once again the Scottish castle of 
Kinveil, home of the Camerons, 
is the setting fen* Reay Tanna- 
hiHY second, enormous histori- 
cal novel. In a jump backwards 
from the 19th century of A Dark 
and Distant Shore, Kinveil in 
the 15th century is a primitive 
Stone tower, with a heather rope 
ladder instead of a staircase, 

when we first encounter the 
hero, Gavin Cameron, aged 11, 
who has just killed his first 
man. * 

He is on his way to seek his 
fortune, in theiChurch, the only 
avenue for a -penniless youth 
with huge ambitions. Next we 
see him, in his early 30s. as 
Bishop of Glasgow, Chancellor 
of Scotland, and advisor and 
does friend to James I of 
Scotland, -a man .driven by the 
sense that time was running but 
in his attempt to drag the 
Scottish nobles and their way of 
life out ofthe violent past. 

Add in to this the lovely 
Ninian, ward of Archdeacon 
Columba Crazier. She fells in 
love with Gavin ax first sight, 
regardless that Columba and he 
are deadly enemies. The Church 
was still pondering the celibacy 


free to weave a tale of Scotland 
and the Scots in a violent but 
exciting moment in history. 

If the court of James I was 
unlike that of our own dear 
Queen, her she is in person In 
Jean Plaidy’s Victoria Victori- 
ous. allegedly writing her 
memoirs m old age. Queen 
Victoria was a most extraordi- 
nary human being - her 
heredity being enough to keep a 
watch over her progress with a 
very sharp eye. The wonder is 
that she turned out as she did. 
with an ambitious and schem- 
ing Mama (not to mention Sir 
John Conroy), wicked uncles 
skulking in the background, and 
the cynical Lord Melbourne as 
first tutor in the ways of the 
world. 

Second in what promises to 
be a trilogy. Such Mighty Rage 
is the continuing story of 
Marguerite. Lady Blakeney, as 
told by herself Guy Clayton has 
turned the well-known saga of 
the Scarlet Pimpernel around, 
and this Marguerite is a 
revolutionary, married to (Sir 
Percy in a marriage of con- 
venience. Revenge and patriot- 
ism surge through her veins (she 
is a powerful actress) and she 
doubles as herself and her 
fictional brother Armand with 
the sang froid of a quick-change 
artiste. The sang is pretty froid 
as she plots and plans, often 
with disastrous, but hilarious 
results. 


Elucidating the maze 


Paul Griffiths 

GUSTAV MAHLER 
Songs and Symphonies of 
Life and Death 
By Donald Mitchell 

Faber, £35 


This is a heroic labour. As 
Donald Mitchell has journeyed 
through tbe worlds of Mahler's 
symphonies, so his findings 
have become ever more dense 
and detailed, until in this third 
volume 650-odd pages are 
devoted to the considering of 
just one main work. The Song 
of the Earth, together with the 
Eighth Symphony (which Mit- 
chell tellingly views as a 
postlude to the song-symphony, 
even though it was composed 
before) and tbe Ruckert songs 
which are seen to adumbrate 
the late style of The Song of the 
Earth, the Eighth Symphony, 
and the instrumental sym- 
phonies from 5 to 10 that will 
be the subject of what Mitchell 
promises will be his last Mahler 
volume. It is hard to think of 
any great composer who has 
won so faithful and fluent a 
commentator, one who bases 
his interpretations on a dose 
study of score, sketches, and 
literary background. It is also 
unusual to find a writer these 
days willing to rest so monu- 
mental a work on tbe grand 
assumption of humane criti- 
cism: that works of an can be, 
and should be, elucidated. 

, But then Mahler very encour- 
agingly invites, almost insists 
upon such eleddation: this is 
presumably what we mean by 
calling his music “autobio- 
graphical”. It is not that the 
music in any vulgar sense 
.e x presses the circumstances of 


Mahler's life, but rather that the 
music is a life, with shaping 
characteristics that colour what 
happens to it under particular 
circumstances. 

This makes for a prose text 
which is itself as complex in 
form as a Mahler symphony. 
Thus each of the three parts of 
the book, on the Ruckert songs, 
The Song of the Earth and the 
Eighth Symphony, is divided 
into two sections: “Interpret- 
ations” and “Annotations”. In 
the first Mitchell puts his view 
of how we are to understand the 
music: in the second he justifies 
that view with reference to the 
sources and to other commen- 
tators, or else he presents some 
extrapolation or aside. Reading 
the book, therefore, one finds 
oneself diving through the 
successive thoughts of Mahler’s 
drafts, or led along a chain of 
notes concerned, say, with 
Mahler’s use of the celesta. It is 
a book that asks to be entered as 
a labyrinth, and its explanations 
are labyrinthine too, as they 
have to be. 

One may quarrel with some 
of Mitchell’s conclusions: I 
would not accept, for instance, 
that the first movement of The 
Song ofthe Earth is a “protest 
against the dark sentiments of 
the poem”; it seems rather to 
empower the hedonism of the 
words, which are already well 
on the way towards escaping 
from “dark sentiments”. But 
the great bulk of the book feels 
right, not least because it is so 
honestly expressed Mitchell 
scrupulously acknowledges 
what he has drawn from others, 
and the voice of his book is the 
first person singular of a letter 
writer. No doubt other views of! 
Mahler remain to be revealed or 
constructed, but this “I” has 
seen more than any other so far. 


The marvellous boy poet 
cut off in his prime 


Patric Dickinson 


CHARLES HAMILTON 
SORLEY 

By Jean Moorcroft Wilson 

Cecil Woolf, £12.50 


"So be merry, so be dead." In 
his short life (1895-1915) 
Charles Sorley may merry, 
extremely intelligent and lov- 
ing. and increasingly individual. 
He met with what one can only 
say was a merciful death, by a 
sniper’s bullet in the head. So be 
dead. 

He was a poet of vivid 
promise. Sorley, he once wrote, 
is the Gaelic for “wanderer" - 
but as Dr Wilson shows in this 
very good biography - he did 
anything but wander, except in 
his mind. His father. Professor 
Sorley, after a professorship at 
Aberdeen became Professor of 
Moral Philosophy (as befits a 
Scot) at Cambridge, a Fellow of 
King's. Dr Wilson emphasizes 
that the Sorieys had no idea in 
1900 that King's was what it is 
now said to have been, though 
the Professor sat. no doubt, at 
High Table with the philos- 
opher G. E. Moore, the “guru” 
of Bloomsbury. The Sorieys led 
a steady don and don's wife sort 
of life, and Charles and his twin 
brother, Kenneth, went as day- 
boys to the King's Choir School. 
Charles was the quicker. 

When it came to the time of 
division. Mrs Sorley (a most 
lively Scol also, who liked 
Girton because it had a chapel 
and a swimming bath) seems to 
have backed Charles’s wish to 
go to Marlborough. Of course 
he got a scholarship. Much of 
this book must be filled with 
school and Dr Wilson docs this 
with great application. Marlbo- 
rough was founded as a school 


for the sons of the clergy and 
therefore had cheap fees. Louis 
MacNeice was sent there and 
detested it: Betjeman’s father 
was a merchant But three first 
rate poets in this century is no 
bad tally - not to speak of a first 
rate actor like James Mason, or 
a writer like Beverley Nichols. 

Sorley. as he rose in the 
school, became more and more 
critical of the "system”. What 
he got from Marlborough was 
good teaching, and running 
alone, often in rain, for miles 
over the Downs. Somehow the 
warm J8ih century town and 
the rather hideous school 
buildings, and the landscape, 
were able io plant in him a seed 
of solitude and often a ferocious 
independence, as they did in 
MacNeice and Betjeman. Dr 
Wilson is excellent on Sorley’s 
reading: his “pash” for Mere- 
dith. then Masefield, then 

Hardy, then Ibsen in German 
translation. Of course, by 1913, 
he had got a scholarship io 
Oxford. Putting in time, he 
spent it, at his parents’ behest, 
in Germany at Schwerin and at 
Jena University. He liked what 
he saw and the people he met. 
He had a tricky lime gelling 
home that August 1914. He 
disliked intensely the idea of 
war. “You are blind like us,” he 
wrote to the Germans in a 
poem: to his mother, that war 
was casting out Satan by Satan. 
It was no crusade, and he 
identified himself, as a Scot, as 
much with the Germans as the 
English. He had no use for 
Rupert Brooke's patriotic son- 
nets: hut it was his “duly", as 
c«’er> young man’s, (and Brooke 
was dead before lie was). 

It is as ridiculous to speak of 
this young poet as a “war-poet” 
as of Edward Thomas, but one 
finds that to write of it puts 
leeches on one’s heart and 
mind. So be merrv. so be dead. 


Up Eros, up with Art 


John Russell Taylor 


ALFRED GILBERT 
By Richard Dorment 

Yale. £1995 


From the pictures, he looks like 
a perky little fellow: completely 
clean-shaven in his mid-thirties 
when, around 1890, any anist 
who was going to amount to 
anything had already managed 
to achieve the look of a 
patriarch. Too perky by half, no 
doubt, for he had already 
reached a remarkable eminence, 
with the promise of riches and 
fame, the commission for the 
Shaftesbury Fountain (com- 
monly known as Eros) under his 
belt, and just round the corner a 
royal misfortune, nearly a royal 
scandal which he would be able 
to retrieve with possibly per- 
jured evidence and, we may 
uncharitably but not unreason- 
ably suppose, be suitably 
rewarded for his pains. (Which 
was not too difficult, since the 
problem was caused by the 
sudden death of the royals' 
favourite sculptor. Sir Joseph 
Boehm, in, it is said, a 
compromising position with 
Princess Louise.) What could 
stand in the way of his instant 
ascent to the top of his 
profession? 

What indeed, except Alfred 


Gilbert’s own fault of procrasti- 
nation. easy distractability. and 
fecklessness with money, which 
were destined to bring him 
bankruptcy, disgrace, and self- 
imposed exile within 10 years - 
though exile still on a surpris- 
ingly lavish scale. He was 
evidently an impossible man, 
though he recognized his own 
impossibility on occasion with 
disarming frankness. He was 
also a great sculptor, and that 
continued to tell with betrayed 
friends and cheated patrons, 
right up to the Royal Familv, 
which had to see him selling off 
the first and finest versions of 
the figures for his masterpiece, 
the Clarence Memorial at 
Windsor, for ready cash instead 
of placing them as decency 
required on the long-unfinished 
tomb. All the same, in the end it 
was finished, a quarter of a 
century later, and Gilbert even 
got his chance to create another 
masterpiece, the Alexandra 
Memorial. It is not an edifying 
talc, even as Mr Dormem tells 
it, with a mixture of amusement 
and exasperation at the antics of 
his central character. Or maybe 
it is a very edifying taJe. in that 
ii seems finally to show that the 
English do care a lot more about 
art than they are ever supposed 
to. or why would they have put 
up with so much for so long? 
But then, you have only to look 
at the wonderful pictures to 
know exactly why. 



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12 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 HS6 



NEW YEAR 


Alan Franks 


The morning 
after the 
era before 

On T uc&day night I walked into the 
end of a New Year’s Eve party, the 
very end. I'm not sure whaL I was 
doing there: ait I know- is that it was 
roughly ir the Bamus area, and that 

i u as not driving. 

I: was the nearest imitation that 
ucil-io-tio suburbia can offer of 
Culiodsn's aftermath. Bodies ever* 
where, not quite dead, but feigning it 
ver- well. There were film pro- 
ducers. TV actors with half familiar 
faces after two decades of sitcom 
t>p>cu5Ung. and lawyers still earn 
cst and articulate after si\ hours of 
cv.css. 

Smalt children were being flung 
about in the air like compliant 
partners in ihe tango while the au 
pair, fearing lor her job. tried to coax 
them back up into the boring 
darkness for a last despairing session 
of Roald Dahl in a Swedish accent. 

Inventive canapes were being 
murdered underfoot like beetles in 
th- thick pile, together with the 
Trivial Pursuit cards: the ring stains 
or wine glasses were embossed on 
the tablecloth and a Portuguese 
caterer wept inwardly at the fate of 
her creations. 


I Found my brain sprinting back 2Q 
.•cars to the mid-Sixlies. when this 
self-same cast had been assembled, 
lacking only the paunches, suits and 
jowls which are the true cost of the 

pens? -account lunch and 20 used 
diaries. This later occasion was, as 
they say of such parties, just like an 
Anthony Powell novel, with its own 
private versions of WidmerpooJ. 
S:l!ery and Quiggin. A sort of gaudy- 
sundered from its college. It is at 
such moments that you realize that 
social coincidence, far from being a 
fabric composed of accidents, is the 
natural con comittant of a common 
past. 

I recognized one face in particular 
- a once-aquilirjc one whose cheeks 
were at last vying with the nose for 
prominence. The last time l had 
seen him he had been hunched in 
the corner of a squat, a slightly 
aened virgin pretending to read the 
Jynes of the Sergeant Pepper album 
sleeve. In fact, he had been 
pondering the chances of a quick 
entanglement with the Iasi unat- 
tached girl at the party, a large and 
encouragingly neivc American oar- 
swoman from Cambridge. 

His plan must have succeeded, for 
on Tuesday night he introduced this 
same girl, or woman, as his wife. He 
has become a lecturer in popular 
cultural studies at a northern 
polytechnic, while she has given up 
a career in occupational therapy to 
bear his children. 


We were surrounded by three actors 
ar.d two critics, the latter of whom 
had given the former a roasting over 
some Wedekind revival in a pub 
theatre. There followed an exchange 
of drunken unpleasantries dark with 
the rumblings of a future round of 
score -settling. 

Then came the statutory hippie 
turned-accountant: the library swat 
now able to pass himself off as a 
Young Fogey; a maker of minor 
commercials who expected us to 
know the entire body of bis works: a 
jingle writer wanting only to rubbish 
Lloyd Webber, and many more. 

There we all stood, and swayed, 
putting the^best possible gloss on 
time's indifferent passage, when the 
door burst open and a group of 
strangely well-spoken punks blew in 
from the street. They seemed 
extraordinarily dated as only people 
can do whose culture has but 
recently waned. To their credit, they 
did not try the line about being 
friends of friends: they just apolo- 
gized for having gate-crashed, and 
made themselves at home. They 
even glanced compassionatlcy at the 
young executive slumped across the 
bean-bags. 


The handsomest and shyest of the 
punks detached himself from his 
friends and m the moulting shadow 
o; the Christmas tree pretended to 
read the lyrics of a Boom town Rats 
album. 

The au pair reappeared, having 
finally got Saul down in the top 
bunk. So did a cookery writer of -tO 
called Hilary who is about to 
separate from one of the prone 
producers in the r.cxt room. Eoth 
females v.jrc clearly interested in the 
young intruder. 

I don't know which one. if either, 
he cot - or how. or where - because 
at this point time caught up with ms 
and 1 tell asleep. I must find out. 


BARRY FANTONS 



As Nigel Lawson and bis Treasury 
colleagues prepare for their annual 
pre-Budget planning meeting at 
Chevening. the debate on whether 
he should cut the basic rate of 
income lax or increase tax thres- 
holds by more than the inflation rate 
needs some cool reappraisal. 

The Chancellor's critics are 
unanimous in favour of over-index- 
ing thresholds. Their case is 
attractive. Threshold changes can 
help the lower paid, take people out 
of tax altogether, and anadc the 
poverty and unemployment traps. 
That is why they, have been favoured 
in successive Budgets. 

But there are signs that the case 
for tax threshold changes is now 
being argued on lines that owe more 
to politics than to economic 
efficiency. Tax rate cuts, it is 
assened would constitute an elec- 
toral bribe, a handout to Tory 
supporters. 

The argument does not stand up. 
Cuts in income tax rates have been 
or are about to be introduced in 
economies as diverse as those of 
Denmark. France. West Germany, 
Ne« Zealand. Norway, Spain, 
Sweden, Thailand and the US. This 
international thrust of policy among 
widely divergent political leader- 
ships reflects a pragmatic assessment 
that lower rates of income tax will 
prove economically beneficial, 
rather than a shared desire to 
channel hand-outs to government 
supporters or the well off 


Tax: don’t narrow the net 

by Graham Mather 


Nor is it dear that income tax rats 
cuts do have enormous vote-swing- 
ing appeal in Britain. MORI'S 
November national opinion poll put 
taxation way down the list of issues 
identified as important by voters, in 
joint !3tfa place with a 2 per cent 
score. In another poU. respondents 
overwhelmingly said they would be 
prepared to see a peony increase in 
income tax to pay for measures to 
protect wildlife and the environ- 
ment. 

The notion that the British public 
wilt always put principle behind 
immediate self-interest is not only 
unattractive: it is not borne out by 
the foots. If anything, Crippsian 
austerity at Budget time seems to 
catch the national mood. 

It is the economic effects of tax 
changes which are more likely to 
influence the Chancellor. In Britain, 
ihe main growth points in terms of 
employment opportunities are new 
and small businesses. Most of these 
ore taxed primarily by reference to 
income tax rates. Over-indexing 

thresholds does relatively little to 
help them. 

Many agree that more help is 
needed for low-paid workers with 
families. But these have now had 
their position improved in two 
ways. First, they have benefited 
from the 20 per cent real increase in 


thresholds since 1979. Secondly, 
Norman Fowler's new Family 
Credit scheme will be psud on 
income-after tax. reducing the need 
to adjust thresholds because of the 
poverty and unemployment traps. 

The poverty and unemployment 
traps themselves are, to a great 
degree, problems of perception. 
They make it seem unattractive to 
take' a job, or work harder, because 
of tax or benefit clawbacks. The 
problem with tax thresholds, how- 
ever, is that they are very difficult to 
perceive. Most people simply do not 
know their tax threshold, either at 
the starting point or higher up the 
scales. Different national insurance 
thresholds make the picture still 
more difficult to disentangle: Tax 
rales are much more easily per- 
ceived, remembered, and taken into 
account as incentive or disincentive. 

For many people the clinching 
argument in favour of increasing tax 
thresholds is that it “takes more 
people out or the tax net.” Recent 
experience, however, suggests that it 
can be for from desirable to separate 
large numbers of people from some 
fiscal responsibility for their elec- 
toral decisions. Liverpool provides a 
telling example in the context of 
local authority rates. Only about 20 
ner cent of the Liverpool electorate 
have been paying full rates, and 


research at Liverpool University 
Centre for Urban Studies suggests 
that non-ratepayers and council 
employees - teachers, social 
workers, manual and non-manual 
employees - have shown a strongly 
di s proportionate tendency to vote 
for high-spending policies. 

It cannot make sense .as a matter 
of policy to send the micro-econ- 
omic and political indicators for 
hundreds of thousands or even 
millions of people out of balance by 
removing their interest in the level 
ofrates- or taxes. 

The lesson of Liverpool is that a 
low tax paid by a large number is 
healthier and more conducive to 
electoral responsibility than high 
taxes paid by a few. The point has 
got across. Ministers have already 
accepted the need' to restore a link 
between taxation and represen- 
tation. The Fowler white paper 
seeks, for this reason, a small 
contribution to local, rates from all 
those in receipt of housing benefit. 
The government's impendiijg- pro- 
posals for reform of focal govern- 
ment finance are likely to introduce 
some form of visible financial fink 
between every local resident and the 
cost of local services. 

It would be remarkable if the 
Chancellor’s Budget moved in the 
opposite direction by a big increase 
in tax thresholds. 


The author is head of policy 
Institute of Directors. 


unit. 


Paris 

Few doubt a right-wing victory when 
France goes to the polls in March. 
But then what? Crisis and political 
chaos, or peaceful cohabitation 
between ihe new right-wing govern- 
ment and the left-wing president 
who will still have another two years 
of his seven-year mandate left to 
serve? 

Who will represent France's 
interests abroad? The prime minis- 
ter or the president? Where will the 
seat of power lie? Will Francois 
Mitterrand be forced to resign? Such 
a situation has never arisen before 
under the Fifth Republic, and the 
constitution has never been put to 
the icsl 

Jacques Chirac, leader of the 
Gaul list RPR party and the man 
most strongly tipped to become 
the new prime minister, probably 
had the best answer when he 
commented: -“There are three 
possible scenarios after March 1986. 
And then there is a fourth - the one 
you haven’t thought of. and neither 
have I. And it will be that one.” 

Some observers believe that what 
emerges will depend largely on the 
size of the victory obtained by the 
right- If it is an absolute majority 
of more than 100 seats in the new 
571 -scat parliament, they argue, 
Mitterrand is likely to choose one of 
the leaders of the opposition, 
probably Chirac, as prime minister, 
if the majority is between 50 and 
100. he may call in a more 
moderate, centrist politician such as 
Jacques Cbaban-Delmas or Simone 
Veil. 

And if there is a right-wing 
majority of less than 50. he may 
fed he can go outside the political 
arena and choose a distinguished 
“technician”, someone equally 
acceptable to right and left 

Most of the polls still indicate a 
20-poim gap between the right and 
the left. That would produce a 
landslide victory for the righL But 
the polls also show that between a 
quarter and a third of the electorate 
are still undecided. Furthermore, 
what people say in a moment of 
exasperation in answer to an 
opinion poll may be quite different 
from their actual vote. So the result 
could be much closer than that now 
forecasL 

There is another unknown factor 
Mitterrand's intentions. Not for 
nothing have his impenetrable 
character and unpredictable behav- 
iour earned him the titles of the 
Sphinx and the Machiavellian 
Prince. He declines to countenance 
fin public) even the possibility of 
defeat and therefore refuses to 
discuss what he will do, save to 
indicate that he intends to “do his 
duty” and serve the remaining two 
years of his mandate. 

Thai is by no means certain, 
however. Many politicians do not 
see how Mitterrand could stay, 
particularly if the left suffers a severe 


Diana Geddes sets the scene for a victory 
by the right in the March election 

France girds 
itself for conflict 
at the top 



Mitterrand: determined 
to stay in office 

defeat Has not Mitterrand himself 
recently made dear that be is wholly 
responsible for the policies adopted 
by the Socialists since they came to 
power four and a haif years ago? If 
the voters now disavow these 
policies, is he himself not equally 
disavowed? 

Mitterrand replies that although 
he espouses Socialist policies, be 
is nevertheless president of all 
the French people. His mandate, 
bestowed on him in a direct vote by 
51 percent of the electorate, remains 
unaffected, he argues, by any mere 
parliamentary elections. 

When the former president, 
Giscard d’Estaing, was confronted in 
1978 by the possibility of a similar 
defeat of his right-wing parliamen- 
tary majority', he too indicated that 
he intended to stay on - bst said he 
would withdraw from active politics 
and retire in stately solitude to the 
Chateau de RambouiDeL near Funs. 

Mitterrand has no such inten- 
tions. He langbs contemptuously at 
suggestions that he might shut 
himself away in a “fortress” at 
Rambouillct, or in the presidential 
Efysee Palace. Several months ago 
he promised that he would not 
remain “inactive” as president m 
the event of a right-wing victory. 


Chirac: forecast of 
an unknown option 

Since then, everyone has been trying 
to find out exactly what he meant. 

He has recently given a few dues, 
but they appear contradictory. In an 
apparently conciliatory mood last 
month, he declared that he would, of 
course, submit to the will of the 
people, but added that he would “do 
everything possible to see that their 
wishes coincided with the interes ts 
of the country”. 

Those advocating a peaceful 
“cohabitation” (a word now much In 
vogue) after March were heartened to 
hear Mitterrand announce in the 
same interview that be naturally 
intended to give the hew government 
the task of governing and that he 
would “respect the freedom of 
action of the government all the 
more in so for as ft expresses the wifi 
of the peopte”. Did that: not mom 
that he would leave the right free to 
apply its own programme if it won a 
sufficiently trig victory? 

Yes - except that he dropped 
hints about certain areas where he 
would not be wfifing to compromise: 
human rights, foreign affairs, 
defence, immigration, workers* 
rights, the guaranteed minimum 
wage, social security benefits, the 
abolition of the death penalty. 


What will happen if a 
parliamentary majority refuses to 
accept whatever prime minister 
Mitterrand chooses after March? 
Mitterrand will have to resign otelse 
dissolve parliament and call new 
elections. 

Under the Fifth Republic, France 
has had a presidential, rather than a 
parliamentary, regime. But that is 
more a result ox the late General 
de Gaulle’s in t er pre tation of the 
constitution than of what is laid 
down in the constitution itself. 

Until now. ft has usually been the 
president who has initiated new 
laws, taken derisions and laid 
down policy. The government and 
parliament have often acted simply 
as a rubber stamp, although Article 
20 of the constitution stipulates that 
it is up to the prime minister “to 
determine and conduct the policy of 
the nation”, the president being 
responsible simply for the “regular 
functioning” of the government. 

The president does have signifi- 
cant powers, however. Fora start, he 
appoints the prime minister and 
other ministers and presides over 
cabinet meetings. He is also 
commander-in-chief and presides 
over national defence committees. 
He is responsible for negotiating and 
ratifying treaties, and most be kept 
informed of any international 
agreement not requiring ratification. 

He can refuse to give his signature 
to new laws, can ask parliament to 
re-examine laws he does not like and 
can address messages, to par&amenL 
He can refuse to approve appoint- 
ments to top rivu service and 
military posts. He is the arbiter in any 
parliament andean take “exceptional 
measures” if he considers the 
institutions or integrity of the nation 
to be in grave danger. 

But note the prime minister’s 
powers. He cannot be removed 
unless he tenders his government's 
resignation. Besides determining 
and conducting “the policies of the 
nation”, he is “responsible for 
national defenoag and appoints top 
civil servants ana military officers. 
His countersignature is required for 
the ratification of tr e aties and the 
accreditation of ambassadors. He 
most be consulted before parliament 
is dissolved. There is dearly room 
for conflict with a hostile president 

As Raymond Bane, who was 
prime minister under Giscard, 
c omme n te d recently, the founding 
fathers of the Fifth Republic 
evidently intended that the presi- 
dent and his prime minister should 
form a couple. If the mx-hi™. of 
state is to function smoothly, they 
need to do. more than simply 
cohabit There must be a certain 
understanding between them. 

“The next two y ears are going to 
be dramatic,” one leading right-wing 
deputy toM me. “Many politicians 
are going to love it. but it’s going to 
be terrible for France. It could lead 
to violence in the streets.” 


Soviet suitor for US Asian allies 


‘Neville's depressed: he got 
an 03E but wasn’t even mentioned 
in the Today radio poll' 


Singapore 

The Soviet Union is engaged in a 
diplomatic and economic drive in 
South-East Asia. During the past few 
months the deputy prime minister, 
Yakov Ryabov, has visited Jakarta 
and Kuala Lumpur, and a high- 
ranking trade mission has gone to 
Bangkok. Now Malaysia's prime 
minister. Datuk Seri Mahathir 
Mohamad, and President Suharto of 
Indonesia have been invited to 
Moscow. 

They will be following Mrs 
I me I da Marcos, first laxly of the 
Philippines, who went there in the 
autumn after the Soviet ambassador 
in Manila pinned a bravery medal 
on the chest of President Marcos in 
rather belated recognition of his war 
record as an anti-Japanese partisan. 

That there has been a shift in 
Kremiui policy is cot in doubt. The 
April plenum of the Soviet Com- 
munist Party’s central committee 
decided that more attention should 
be paid to relations with Asian 
countries. 

The aim of the new policy is to 
generate “more active and more 
productive” relations with ihe six 
countries of the Association of 
South-East Asian Nations (Asean) 
and the Pacific rim generally. Hence 
the moves to improve relations with 
China, the latest initiative in Asean 
and the forthcoming trip of the 
Soviet foreign . minister, Eduard 
Shevardnadze, to Tokyo this month. 

It is officially argued that this 
strategic switch u no more than an 
overdue recognition that Moscow 
had become almost obsessive in its 
attention to Europe and the United 
States, to the detriment of relations 
with .Aria; and because the Soviet 
Union is an Asian as well as a 
European nation, with a Pacific 
seaboard, it makes sense to puxsoc a 


policy of ecocanic and political 
renewal. 

The timing may have been 
fortuitous, following as it does 
Mikhail Gorbachov's accession to 
power, but it could hardly have been 
bettered. The economies of the 
Asean nations are feeling the pinch, 
buffeted by the foil in world prices 
for their commodities and by the 
rise of protectionist measures 
against their manufactured goods. 

It is an opportunity too good to 
be missed. Accordingly, foe high- 
powered Soviet visitors have been 
offering trade and aid in their tour of 
Asean capitals, and the process will 
be continued and intensified. 

To the Philippines, i he Russians 
took much-needed business for foe 
country's ship repair yards and 
cooperation in fishing ami proces- 
sing marine products. There was 
also a vague promise of financial 
support and a visit by a Latvian 

dance troupe. 

The Soviet ambassador, looking 
hot and uncomfortable, appeared at 
a televized press conference at 
Manila airport to welcome home 
Mrs Marcos, and there was much 
talk of the first lady “playing foe 
Soviet card” against Washington, 
whose pressure for economic, 
military and social reforms is 
becoming increasingly irksome to the 
Marcos regime. Certainly. foe Soviet 
promise not to intervene in domestic 
Filipino affairs - and in particular to 
withhold aid from foe communist 
insurgents - was contrasted sharply 
with US “meddling". 

Is Bangkok, meanwhile, foe 
Soviet commerro minister, 
Vasbenko Ivanovich, (the forest in a 
long line of visitors), promised to 
buy mare of foe Thai textiles 
excluded by quotas from tire US. 
Once again foe American diplomatic 
loss was the Kremlin's gam. 


Squadron Leader Prasong Soonsiri. 
secretary general of the National 
Security Council, warned that 
Russia was seeking to exploit foe 
troubled economic situation in 
■Asean by ^trying to divide us 
create conflicts”. 

In Jakarta, the Soviet deputy 
prime minister posed, champagne 
glass in band, for foe cameras m the 
Hall of foe Pianeasila < Indon e sia's 
state ideology) to sign a new trade 
agreement with the Suharto regime. 
Moscow wants more barter trade, 
ami also offered a Si 80 million loan 
to build three hospitals. The cash- 
strapped Indonesians rejected foe 
offer, not because it was “Moscow 
goicT but because they ore looking far 
rock-bottom interest rates, and there 
are obviously limits beyond which 
the Soviet commercial offensive will 
not go. It is certainly not trade at any 
price. 

In Kuala Lumpur. Moscow 
pursued the same tack, pressing more 
foe value of the Soviet market, with 
which Malaysia has a substantial 
favourable trading balance, at a lime 
when the Mahathi.-. government is 
being compelled to revise its forecasts 
of economic growth because dffoefon 
in the price of its tin. ofl and rubber 
exports. 

The message carried to the key 
.Asean capitals was dear and consist- 
ent: “We want to trade 

and improve relations. Let us 
co n c en trate on what we have in 
common rather than foe things that 
divide us- The fact that we have 
radically di f fere n t political 
should not be a bar to 
development ” The initiative has 
been described by an analyst at foe 
Institute of South-East Asian Studies 
in Singapore as “a strategy of 
economic posaningT- 

“Tfae Soviet Union has long been 
viewed by Asean as a bogeyman - a 


perception font is not likely to 
change for the foreseeable future, 
•'foe analyst argues 1 '. “What has 
changed in tandem with the 
economic realities, however, is the 
appreciation by the Asean sates of 
foe Soviet Union as an economic 
power in its own right.” 

But, in return for cushioning foe 
effects of tire present recession 
throughout the Asean region, “the 
Soviet Union hopes that in tune it 
wifi be able so wield its influence in 
foe Asean states; perhaps more 
importantly, ft wifi also then be in a 
position to undercut foe economic 
and strategic values of Asean to the 
US (or vice versa) and foe utility 
of the regional grouping to au 
i nriiittr ini ifn i g China.” 

Other analysts may regard that 
assessment as too crude. Moscow 
has other compelling interests in the 
region - notably Indochina, where 
its economic prop to Vietnam costs 
up to $1,000 million a year - and 
these have to be counter-balanced to 
the economic offensive m Attaa. 

In the long run, Moscow would Clot 
to see doser relationships between ihe 
communist states of Indochina and 
their Asean neighbours, but it refuses 
to press Hanoi into an eartier-than- 
planned withdrawal of its occupying 
forces from Kampuchea that ought 
hasten such s rapprochement 

The man that cats safety be 
ventured is that Moscow has now 
recognized foe importance of South- 
East Asia, which wifi have a 
population exceeding 350 mjBkm by 
the turn of foe century, both as a 
market and an area where fingering 
suspicions need to bcOttyedJf foe 
peoples of foe region cannot be 
made to love the bearcat hast they 
can team to five with it 


Norman Podhoretz 


PatdRoHtledge 



tv,-* the excitement created by 
New York . Tjn-nirc r-andidaev for Tip O’Neill’s 

Senator Edward Kennedy s with- vacated congrasional 

draws! from foe 1988 presidejteal sea* r m Massachusetts demonstrates 

race is sad news for Kennedy-watch- S J£2fc^o£ession with foe 
ere -mid who in Amaica is noto»e. Lrexhausted itself. 

- but they need not despair. Two of Kennedys say that this 

foe younger Keimedys ore setting *««. “ nJJLran s^vervlittfe 
out on political careers of their own. oteesaon does Americans very little 

poSSSasSh e Adamses, tte 
involvement m a presidential JiJ, rnn«. Today there are 

campaign might have created Lodges, the l^gs. 

3ES8SE3 

» only the 

CTNenrs sat. Yet ogy 

.CUSWffifiTS t? 

Kennedys on the national scene. political career. . .. 

The first Joseph P. Kennedy {who It is not to&t foe Kennedys are all 


lything but was 
aber o? important 


never ran for an 
appointed to a number _ . 

posts) was so mucha member of the 
isolationist generation of the 1920s 
and 1930s (hat Ik did everything he 
could to prevent the United States 
from going to war, even against 
Hiller and on foe side ofBritain. 

His son John F. Kennedy, on the 
Other hand, was so much a niethbcr 
of foe postwar interventionist 
generation that in his inaugural 
as president he promised to 
“support any friend, oppose any foe, 
to assure the survival and foe 
success ofliberty”. 

His brother Robert at first took 
the some line. As attorney-general in 
foe Kennedy administration, he 
fiercely supported American inter- 
vention in Vietnam. By 1968, 
however, Robert Kennedy had 
moved so for away from his 
assassinated brother's position That 
he was now competing with Eugene 
McCarthy in foe Democratic presi- 


extraordinarily gifted, 
notably the case with 


as was so 
the Adams 



Joseph P. Kennedy, founder of foe 
political <•*■«, and his namesake 
grandson for whom the Kennedy 
nam e alone is a passport to politics 

family On the contrary, there is not 
a single Kennedy, including foe one 
who became, president, who re- 
motely compares in intellectual 
stature with John Adams (America's 


becoming a hero to the black 
community. 

While c hurning John Kennedy's 
heritage, Robert Kennedy in fact 
identified himself with a new 
generation of Democrats who were 
openly repudiating that heritage. 
After he too was assassinated, the 
torch passed to the youngest 
member of the second biological 
generation. Edward, who has been 
more faithful to foe latter-day 
political legacy of Robert than 
Robert himself was to the legacy of 
John. 

Yet foe kind of liberalism for 
which Edward Kennedy has become 
the leading spokesman is even 
further to foe left of foe ideas and 
values of John F. Kennedy’s 
administration than Robert Ken- 
nedy’s was in foe end. In that sense, 
Edward, although biologically part 
of foe second generation of Ken- 
nedys, politically • r epresen t s the 
fourth. - 

It is still much too' early to say 
how the new generation represented 
by Robert's children. ‘Joseph and 
Kathleen will position itself in 
relation to this complicated family 
heritage. But it is not too early to say 


his son Charles Francis Adams, who 
served with infinitel y greater distinc- 
tion as Lincoln’s ambassador to 
Britain than the first Joseph P. 
Kennedy later - did as Frank li n 
Roosevelt's. 

As for moral integrity, those 
members of the Adams family who 
had it (almost to a fault) went into 
politics. Those who did not (and 
there were more than a few) stayed 
away from politics altogether. The 
hero ofChappaquiddick, by individ- 
ual contrast, is still a prominent 
figure in our political life. 

And now we have his nephew, 
Joseph P. Kennedy IT, who about 
five years after Chappaquiddick also 
cracked np a car, leaving one of his 
passengers, a young woman, para- 
lyzed, while he himself escaped with 
a suspended driver’s licence. • 

Here, then, is more good news for 
Kennedy^watehers. But for America- 
watchers ft is'bad news, a sigh of the 
debasement of bur standards in such 
matters, that we still regard the mere 
possession of the Kennedy name, 
quite apart from the character or 
quality of the person bearing it, as 
an automatic entitlement to serious 
political consideration. 


moreover ... Miles Kingt on 

When moaning is 
not 



One of my outstanding memories of 
1985 is the right of diners in a 
restaurant rising in near mutiny 
against foe standard of cooking. It is 
a sight ! had never thought to see in 
Britain and don't suppose I will see 
again, as foe British do not like to 
complain about food. We are, in 
feet, looked down on by Continen- 
tals for not complaining; an eminent 
Italian restaurateur once told me 
that foe only , method of protest we 
-bad was not coming, back again, so 
the poor restaurant owner , never 
found out what he was doing wrong. 
Complain! he told me. 

There is a school of thought which 
says that we don’t complain because 
we don’t know there is any thing 
wrong with foe food-* Jonathan 


head waiter had to agree that it was 
off Profusely apologetic, he prom- 
ised to reptaxr it with etc etc 
Five minutes later I noticed that 
two women dining by themselves at 
the next table were also expostulat- 
ing to foe waiter. I leant over and 
asked them if they had had an 
unfortunate meaL 
“■Unfortunate?" said one. “It’s 
been terrible! What they served us 
hardly resembled foe description on 
foe menu. Tm asking for my biff to 
be reduced by half And foe couple 
who have just gone out, * they 
actually left without paying.” 

There was only one other couple 
stiff eating, an elderly industrialist 
and his mistress. (Their loud 
conversation had left no doubt on 



in which an American, Waveriey 
Root is quoted as follows: “Every 
country possesses, * seems, foe sort 

of cuisine it desetfras I used to 

think thar tixp' notoriously bad 
cooking of the English .was an 
example to foie contrary, and that 
the English ctiok the way they do 
because, through sheer technical 
deficiency, foKy had not been able to 
master the art of cooking. I have 
discovered to my stupefaction that 
foe English cook that way because 
that is the way they like iL” 

In answer to criticisms like these 
(which contain a large ration of 
truth), ft is normal to point out that 
things tavegot a lot better recently, 
that Elizabeth David created s 
middle-class revolution in cooking, 
that brilliant young English chefs are 
springing up all over the place and 
so on. The sort of coolring Waved ey 
Root is ta lking , about, we are given 
to understand, is confined to 
roadside cafes and official banquets. 
Yet the restaurant' in which I 
witnessed this near mutiny was a 
very posh, noirve Qe-infl ttenccd res- 
taurant in an old town bouse in a 
northern cathedral dry - foe mean 
was freely sprinkled with words like 
raousselme and vdoute, which 

snows the chef had certainly zead foe 

right books. 

• -I- -started off- with a platter of 
smoked fish (has anyone over heard 
H&mwIh foe word “planer” ip 
2 { **9 ^sfrne. My friend 

h4d *5i!S p * cial which was 

tembte, smothered in tomatoey 
salad cream. She foSowed it with 

•dftagreeaWt I followed n with rack 

totten. I mean 
M gone 


not danisB jT ww-tiie fim I'd 

WTOrffdJfSSfc ■®tf“*venx*e 


“My chicken’s lovely” said the 
mistress, startled. 

“You’re eating veal, dear,” said 
her companion. We discounted 
them as serious witnesses and went 
back to _ the enjoyable . task of 
comp la i ning about the food, which 
was something of a novel experience 
for us. Because the truth is that foe 
British are very good ax grumbling, 
and. very bad at complaining, ^e 
wlringe and moan aivi . grumble 
among ourselves, but we simply 
won’t go to foe management and 
complain. How often have you sat 
m a cinema watching affim which 
was slightly out of focus, or slightly 

inaudible, or suffixing from bad reel 

changes? And how Often has anyone 
gone to find the manager . to 
co mplai n? How often have we found 
a tram withdrawn, or a buffet 
service withdrawn from a train, and 
actually written to complain about 
many people nave spent 
*b«fr lives grumbling at bos store, 
waiting for buses that four at a 

bme very occasionally, witiwut once 

only in a restaurant, I cffQ .rcconi- 
Hffiad it. Not only does it bring 
results, you get to meet new.people. 
We got quite friendly with, toe two 
yotaen at the next table, " who are 
jromGlasgow; weVe going 
Glasgow ourselves this' war/ so we 
swapped telephone numbers and 
promised to keep in tonch .' . * If 
we. had had a decent n&d'at the 
restaurant and had. notbis. 10 • 
complain about, would never liave 
ntede their acquaintance^ ^JSo this 
year Tm giving up grrmfoEng aad 
casing up competing, ^ffle of* 11 
those; new peopteTm gog&JP meet 
rm 

wCU» 


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Af-;. . 

iK- * 


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fife- 

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-• . 

' ^ 

SBjJ " - 


dentiai primaries for foe favour of second president), or his son John 
the anti-war movement and was also Quincy Adams (sixth president), or 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


13 


v 


ft 

V ,; ■ - 



P.O. Box 7, 200 Gray’s Inn Road v London WCiX 8EZ. 
Telephone;: 01-837 1234 


JOTTINGS FOR 
SIR GEOFFREY 


non 

i 

-S 1 ' 


• Tne New Year. The Year-of the 
. Twelve. Britain’s presidency of 

• tb© Council of Ministers. How 
1 much longer for Helmut Kohl? 

The West German election is-, 1 
‘ only a year away. Yet . their’ 
economy looks good. (So does 
■ ours, with luck.) M Mitterrand 
needs more than luck. Nakasone 

• wants a third term. Don't we all? 

The Year of the Tiger. '-'Botha 
is riding one; Marcos, too. What 
was that phrase about the bear’s, 
teeth? The purge goes on at the 
Politburo. How tough will Gor- 
bachov be at the next summit? 
Next summit - already? 

Thus, perhaps^ run the season- 
al- joltings of Her Majesty's. 
Secretary of State for Foreign 
. and Commonwealth Affairs; Sir 

• Geoffrey . Howe. Some of his’ 
colleagues have 'doubtless spent 
the holiday in a political si um- 
ber, others in plots and subter- 
;fuge, but. of Mrs Thatcher’s 

Cabinet surety Sir Geoffrey is 
; giving himself space to .reflect bn 
the months to come. Here are 
some more marks 9 for the 
scratch ing-pacL 

After Geneva, there is hope. “ 
Not some pop-eyed hope that 
the landscape of inte rnati onal 
relations and within it Soviet: 
policy have changed, but the 
hope that East-West relations 
can be stabilized. 

The Russians and Americans 
meet in the second half of the 
year, probably in the United 
States. Mr Gorbachov has 
inaugurated the first year of a 
new . Soviet five-year plan, 
embodying: his ambition of 
reviving a sluggish economy. He 
: wants, hut will not get pro- 
ductivity increases. He is under 
. mounting domestic pressure to 
return from the United States 
with American concessions on 
arms control much more favour- 
able than those he brought back 
from Geneva. The Soviet public 
relations machine is gearing up 
again; it will be in full swing 
when Mr Gorbachov visits Italy, 
probably in March-. But the . 
summit could display a hard 
man. 

■ After Geneva the; East Euro- . 
pean capitals rattled with^diplo- - 
macy and the noise goes on. 
Kadar of Hungary comes here, 
soon. Soviet economic reform 
might push along change in East 
Germany - its party congress is 
scheduled for March. Perhaps 
the Soviets will show a green- 
light for further commercial 
liberalization in. Hungary. 
Maybe not. Mr Gorbachov wlH 
not want to loosen too many 
strings at once. 

In Jaruzelskfs Poland prosr 
pects are bleak; the signs from 
the new prime minister are -of: 
retrograde re-centralization. The . 
country’s fragile outward stabi- 
lity is likely to last So will the 
biggest and best-organized oppo- 
sition anywhere in the Soviet ' 
bloc. A quarter of the population 
refuses to be “■normalized”. (Sir 
Geoffrey met some of-them : 
.during his . tightrope-walking 
visit to Warsaw fast year.) 

In West Germany a general 
election is due in eaiiy 1987. 
Chancellor Kohl’s position is 
strong, despite Herren Genscher 
and Strauss. His reputation is 
strained by last year’s embarrass- 
ing Bitburg visit; he wilL be.: 
advised to steer clear of foreign 
affairs. Emphasis will be put on 
Ge rman economic performance 
-which; s umm ed up in one word, 
is impressive. Despite that, 
’Kohl’s SPD opponent Johannes; 
Rau will not change The subject 
since he is even more at sea than ' 
the Chancellor once he steps 
outside West German affairs. 

In Brussels Sir Geoffrey goes 
in the summer to the head of the- 
table. Holland takes the piesi-; 
--dency of the Council for the first 
-six months. Britain _ succe e ds. 
This is the year in which Spain's " 
and- Portugal’s accession has 
raised the population of the EEC 
-member states to. 320 million, 
greater than that of either super . 


-power, - With France and West 
' .Germany distracted it inust be 
. counted, a. year of British oppor- 
- tunity. Sir Geoffrey has work at 
:''3tynr Thatcher’s behest in con- 
.finding the cleansing' of the 
European household and on his 
own account in' Euro-diploinacy. 
Early memos to Signor Craxi 
and President Papanmeou are in 
order: no angle issue bulks larger 
for the European' states severally 
and collectively than protection 
agmhst terrorism. 

V The pursuit and punishment 
of the terrorist will have to be 
traded off against the Middle 
East peace process, in which this 
-year' King Husain must be the 
central figure. He has the 
capacity to bring about a rappro- 
chement ; between - President 
. Assad, and Yassir Arafat- But 
‘.after fast, year’s debacle on the 
steps, of .the Foreign Office, 
British' caution is advisable. 
' -Divisions wi thin the Palestinians 
are rife. A new danger to British 
and Western interests could arise 
in Cairo where discontent grows 
at President Mubarak’s relations 
.with both Israel and the United 
States. 

For Sir Geoffrey later in the 
spring there may be a trip to 
India. Rajiv Gandhi’s honey- 
moon with the people of India is 
. at an end. In Bangladesh and 
Pakistan governments are 
attempting the restoration of 
democratic rule. President Jaya- 
wardene of Sri Lanka faces the 
strain of falling tourism and tea 
revenue. 

At the end of .this month 
President Botha speaks at the 
opening of South . Africa’s new 
three-chamber parliament. Some 
modification of the apartheid 
laws is expected, but he is 
-unlikely to announce any dis- 
mantling of the system. No fresh 
dialogue with the African 
National Congress is in prospect. 
Without such movement, Bri- 
tain and the United States face 
intensified pressure for ..econ- 
omic measures not least from 
within the Commonwealth. In- 
ternational trade would only 
suffer as a result ’ • ■ 

« In Tokyb the Japanese are at 
last aware, of pressure for 
reflation, fohelp provide an 
engine "of world trade expansipn. 
Which wheel of the locomotive 
will be British-made? The con- 
duct of foreign policy cannot be 
insulated entirely - nor indeed 
can the reputation of the Foreign 
Secretary - from the success of 
the Government's . domestic 
economic policies. 

These are, after all, the same 
policies he helped shape as 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
And 1986 will be the year when 
advocates of “supply side” 
liberalization will be put to the 
test This may be the last full 
year before a general election. It 
will also be a year of enormous 
upheaval in financial services: 
the City^s spirit of enterprise and 
innovation will be tested against 
public suspicion of new corrup* 

. tion- Yet file regulatory changes 
will not be allowed to overheat 
the economy. The economy is 
refusing to swing into an old 
fashioned boom or bust cycle. 
Growth is likely to chug on 
modestly - a fact which Sir 
Geoffrey. . may find hard to 
explain - to colleagues from 
Europe, Japan and the -United 
States when the talk is of 
locomotives and engines. 

A final jotting. If economic 
jrolicy succeeds mid the delayed 
harvest of reduced unemploy- 
ment is -finally reaped from an 
economic recovery that is now 
all ' of five years old then Sir 
Geoffrey will sing Te Deum with 
the rest of his colleagues. Yet 
if it fails, who is to blame 
the Foreign Secretory? - It 
takes a national disaster such 
as events in the.. South 
Atlantic in 1982 to jeopardize his 
office. Sir Geoffrey’s jotting-pad 
gives him' grounds for new year 
satisfaction. • . 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Key questions on 
Westland’s future 

From Mr Julian Amery ; MP for 
Brighton Pavilion (Conservative) 

Sir, Though a strong supporter of the 
Government's general philosophy of 
relying on market forces to deter- 
mine Britain's economic develop- 
ment, I. wonder how far this can be 
safely applied to our defence 
industries. 

These, it is true, are mainly 
privately owned and benefit from 
some purely commercial markets at 
home and abroad. Their national 
significance, however, and their 
survival, depend on their having the 
technology and the. capacity to meet 
the operational requirements of our 
defence forces. These requirements 
are dictated not by commercial 
considerations bat by the political 
assessment of the threat we may 
have to meet. 

Twenty years ago Britain’s aero- 
space industries still had the 
technology and the capacity to meet 
all our operational requirements. 
The Wilson Government’s decision 
however, taken in 1964, to cancel 
the TSR2. the PI 154. the HS 681 
and the Black Knight rocket, and to 
buy American, off the shelf, instead 
destroyed much of that capacity and 
technology for ever. Yet some of the 
ground lost has since been recovered 
by joint ventures with European 
partners such as the Jaguar, the 
Tornado, the Lynx and other 
helicopters, and now, the next 
generation fighter aircraft Without 
these’ joint ventures our aerospace 
technology, already greatly weak- 
ened after 1964, would have faded 
out altogether. 

- Where Westland’s future is 
concerned, three questions have to 
be addressed: 

1. Do we want to preserve a 
helicopter technology in Britain? 

2. Since a purely national solution 
appears to be beyond our means, 
which of the nval proposals - 
American or European - will better 
enable Westland to meet oar 
operational requirements now and 
in the future? 

3. Where does the balance of 
advantage lie between encouraging 
European defence procurement and 
gaining access to American tech- 
nology? 

1 have been too long away from 
responsibility for defence procure- 
ment to venture answers to these 
questions. I would, however, submit 
that they are essentially political and 
strategic but only marginally com- 
mercial questions. 

Is it reasonable to leave the 
answers solely to the board and 
shareholders of Westland? Do they 
not call for political decisions and 
for dear guidance from the Govern- 
ment to the company? - 
Yours faithfully, 

JULIAN AMERY, 

12 Eaton Square, SW1. 

December 31. 


Nuclear waste disposal 

From Dr R. Russell Jones 
Sir, The comparison made by Dr J. 
Russell (December 20) between 
public exposures to ionizing radi- 
ation from nudear discharges (120 
man-Sieverts/annum) and diagnos- 
tic radiography (12,000 man-Sv/ 
annum) is misleading for several 
reasons. 

Women are not X-rayed during 
pregnancy because the foetus is 
known to be exceptionally sensitive 
to ionizing radiation. Yet the only 
method of protecting the foetus 
from nudear discharges is to reduce 
the discharges themselves. 

Second, nudear discharges are 
concentrated in certain geographical 
areas, where they can double the 
total exposure of critical groups 
within the local population. Around 
Sell afield, for example, children may 
receive 1,000 times more exposure 
as a result of the plant's activities 
than children in other parts of the 
UK. 

Third, radio-isotopes used is 
diagnostic radiography are generally 
short-lived, whereas the half-life of 
the radio-nuclides in nudear waste 
may be thousands of years. This 
produces a steadily rising level of 
background radiation which is not 
induded in the figure of 120 man- 
Sv/annum. 

Finally, there is a trade-off in 
terms of health between diagnostic 
medical procedures and the associ- 
ated risk. Even the National 
Radiological Protection Board 
admit that the 12,000 man-Sv used 
annually in the UK will result in 300 
extra cancer cases per year, though 
the true figure is probably closer to 
1,000. Both the medical profession 
and the nudear industry need to 
recognize the risks associated with 


Too long a wait over negligence 


their activities. 

Yours faithfully. 

ROBIN RUSSELL JONES, 
The Old Cottage, 

Wexham Street, 

Stoke Poges, 




„• i 


Health insurance 

From Mr Harvey White 
Sir, It must be of increasing concern 
' that the number of exclusion clauses 
’ is many insurance policies appear to 
» protect the . insurer and his profit 
' margin rather rhan the insured. In 
; addition the interpretation of liab- 
ility can be less than generous. 

Companies who specialise in 
j medical benefit have, on the whole, 
a justifiably high reputation in the 
.compassionate manne r- in which 
| they process claims. Clearly they, 
. j have to be protected from a patient 
. with a long-standing condition who 
’takes out a policy and demands 
.elective surgical treatment oC far 
■' example, a . hernia. However, in 
.trying to protect themselves from, 
.such abuse some companies may try 
*io deny their responsibility -for those 
-. with serious disease, such as c anc e r . 

Arguments have recently been , 
^advanced by a company denying 
ititeir liability for .a -patient with 
‘breast cancer. Although the patient 
| was thought to be free from seoous 
; breast disease by the most; widely 


. i . » 

. j 

;$y . . 

.it* — . — :. 


accepted aid sensitive screening 
tests immediately before taking but 
the policy, it was subsequently 
diagnosed outside the one-month 
statutory exclusion period. The- 
grounds on which this decision is 
being supported are' that cancer 
must have been present before the 
policy was taken out, 

Cancels may take some time to 
declare themselves despite medical 
screening. If we allow companies to 
. disregard the most up-to-date tests 
as their ■ point of : reference in 
assessing chums and extrapolate 
back to the time of posable 
development of a. cancer, many 
patients wifl not only be -wronged 
- but also suffer great insecurity. The 
.protracted arguments . will be dis- 
tressing and the companies guilty of 
social injustice and undermining the 
trust and respect - which should be 
the right of their clients with Hfc- 
threatening disease.' 

-Yours faithfully, : ~ 

HARVEY WHITE, : • 

95 Hariey Street, Wl. .. . . 

December 16. 


i.t . 


From pillar to post 

From Mr J. W. Fox 
Sir. I have just received a letter, 
correctly addressed, from the office 
of the Leader of the Opposition. It 
was postmarked on December 16 al 
the House . of Commons, on 
December 18 in Braintree, again in 
Braintree on December 20, in 
Rushden, Northamptonshire, on 
December 23 (at 5am) and finally on 
December 23 m Northamptonshire, 
but where in Northamptonshire was 
-notsperififid. ... 

I nagtBn to add that the Post 
Office is not motivated by party 
politic^ bias: I once wrote to Tea 
Heath and received a reply which 
came to me via Doncaster. 

Yours sincerely, . 

J. W. FOX, 

33 Farmer's Drive; 

Westfields, 

BracJdey, . • 

Northamptonshire. 

December 24. • 


From Mr Michael McNair Wilson, 
MPfor Newbury (Conservative) 

Sir, A few days before Christmas 
you reported two cases involving 
medical negligence. In one (report, 
De ce mber 19) a 12-year-old boy was 
given a massive overdose of 
penicillin - 30 times the normal 
amount - when aged two. The case 
has taken ten years to reach its 
present stage. Whether it has 
reduced the risk of similar accidents 
must be anybody’s guess. 

In the second case (report 
December 21) a young woman of 27 
years was awarded record damages 
of over £600,000, because a routine 
tonsils operation went wrong and 
she suffered a severe brain haemor- 
rhage. She has also had to wait ten 
years for her settlement assuming 
the health authority does not appeal. 
The C 06 ls of going to law are such 
that her father had to give up his job 
for two years to qualify for legal aid. 

These cases are typical of many 
medical negligence cases heard in 
the UK. On average they take seven 
years and usually cost hundreds of 
thousands of pounds. Whether they 
help to alleviate the occurrence of 
mistakes is unknown, since hospitals 
are reluctant to comment. Nor is it 
dear whether they represent the sum 
of medical negligence or only the 
cases where the likely ifamap s make 


tbc expense of going to law 
worthwhile. 

This situation cries out for 
reform. It begs for a system which 
enables health and hospital auth- 
orities to admit errors with an 
openness and with a desire to ensure 
that the whole health service 
benefits from the steps they have 
taken to remedy the fault. It requires 
some simple method for providing 
compensation quickly, without 
massive legal costs, or the millions 
of pounds spent ever year by doctors 
in insuring themselves against the 
risk of an action for negligence. 

In New Zealand and in Sweden 
“no fault” compensation schemes 
exist and work. The two are different 
in scope and cost and have their 
critics. But they prove there is 
another way of compensating the 
victims of medical accidents other 
than through the courts. 

Our nation, which created the 
wdfarc state, should now complete 
the task by introducing something 
similar for that small number of 
people who suffer misfortune while 
using our otherwise excellent health 
service. 

Yours faithfully, 

MICHAEL McNAIR- WILSON, 
House of Commons. 

December 27. 


Christian names In 1985 

From Mrs Margaret Brown 
Sir, As in past years, I send you my 
annual analysis of Christian names 
given to children whose births were 
announced in The Times during the 
previous 12 months. 

James, for the 22nd year in 
succession, retains the lead among 
the boys. Elizabeth was the most 
popular name for girls, as it has been 
for the past 10 years. 


while Charlotte leads the girls, as she 
did in 1983, replacing Sarah. 


James 

192 

n 

Charlotte 

79 

PI 

Thomas 

165 

w 

Alexandra 

64 

9 

Alexander 

111 

(5 

Sarah 

64 

1 

Edward 

100 

P 

Alice 

60 

(13 

Charles 

81 


Eirdy 

56 


Wffiam 

75 

\< 

Emma 

58 

m 

Nicholas 

68 


Sophie 

58 

3 

Beniamin 

66 

(20 

Elizabeth 

56 


George 

63 

(18. 

Kaiherme 

56 


Oliver 

62 

(3* 

Lucy 

52 

2 


James 

Thomas 

Wffiam 

Alexander 

Edward 

Charles 

John. 

George 

David 

Robert 



Ebabeth 

Louise 

Jane 

Mary 

Charlotte 

Sarah 

Alice 

Alexandra 

Victoria 

Emily 



FqpuccnpmnftaBiMcviiteprtUonMttsi ISM 

George and Robert have replaced 
Richard and Nicholas in the boys* 
league. Alice has dislodged Kathe- 
rine from her place among the girls. 
Benjamin and Frances were two 
names which showed increasing 
popularity during 1985. 

The table for first names shows 
James once again heading the boys. 


Benjamin, George. Alice and 
Emma replace Christopher. David, 
Laura and Victoria. Jennifer. Geor- 
gina and Joanna all returned higher 
totals in 1 985. 

Five thousand, four hundred and 
sixty-three births were announced in 
1985. of which 2,772 were boys and 
2,691 were girls. 

The following summary shows 
how many names each was given: 

Nn On Th Three Fm Fta Td8 

Bays 363 <33 1ZW 739 22 t 2JT2 

60 S 3*1 465 yOO <36 . 9 - 2.691 

The number of sets of twins 
recorded in 1985 was 60, of whom 
28 were boys. 1 8 were girls and 24 
were mixed. There were two sets of 
triplets and one set of quadruplets. 
Yours faithfully, 

MARGARET BROWN. 

1 9 Wiggimon Terrace, York. 
December 31. 


Teachers’ pay 


From Professor Noel Entwistle 
Sir, In considering the Govern- 
ment’s attitudes towards teachers’ 
and lecturers' pay it is important not 
simply to condemn the Govern- 
ment’s overall policy in education. 
Its efforts to give parents more 
choice of school, and to involve 
parents in school policymaking 
could be beneficial, {Tit was pan of a 
coherent overall policy. 

Similarly the emphasis on stan- 
dards, by providing certificated 
targets for a much larger proportion 
of pupils and by demanding that 
teachers demonstrate their effective- 
ness, could be welcomed. 

But standards depend on the 
quality of learning and what pupils 
learn depends crucially on the 
quality of interactions between 
teachers and pupils within the 
classrooms. No matter what changes 
in curriculum or administrative 
procedure are introduced, it is only 
if these are adopted enthusiastically 
by teachers who feel that they are 
being treated fairly that the antici- 
pated benefits will reach the pupils. 

The Government is perceived by 
many teachers as being involved in a 
series of mean tricks to cheai them 
of reasonable pay settlements. 
Repeatedly, year by year, to provide 


less money than is required to keep 
pace with inflation is their most 
consistent unfairness. 

The most recent example of their 
mean tricks comes with then- 
treatment of tenure in universities. 
It is not so much the new policy 
which is proposed as the way it is to 
be implemented which creates anger 
and resentment. 

Even within the academic com- 
munity there would be those who 
accepted that the total security 
provided by the current system is no 
longer justifiable: But to introduce 
the change so that lecturers who are 
promoted lose the tenure they 
currently have is an act of gross 
insensitivity. 

The dilemma posed by gaining 
promotion but losing job security 
will cause agonies of indecision for 
the individuals concerned, particu- 
larly when the Government is reiter- 
ating its demand for reductions in 
staff 

To admit that there is a need for 
fresh thinking in this particular 
instance would not be weakness, but 
rationality triumphing over dogma- 
tism. 

Yours faithfully, 

NOEL ENTWISTLE, 

An nan dale, 

Ormiston Hall, East Lothian. 
December 14. 


Threat to dairy farms 

From Mr John H. Anderson 
Sir, The proposed EEC scheme to 
buy out farmers’ milk quota for very 
substantial sums in a new effort to 
reduce milk production may well 
have unwanted side-effects. 

In the case of a tenanted farm the 
regulations may well provide for 
most or all the spoils to go to the 
tenant and (even more importantly) 
that the tenant may asset-strip the 
farm in this way without the consent 
of its owner. Such arrangements are 
supported by the NFU and the 
Tenant Farmers* Association. 

Hie effect of the resulting ban on 
the production of milk on a farm 
which is of a size and is equipped 
only for milk production is easy to 
envisage. The tenant could collect 
his money and go. The landlord 
would be left with a farm incapable 


any more of producing a living for 
its occupant. Small dairy farms, and 
in particular those owned by county 
councils, are an important feature of 
the fanning ladder. 

Unless the farming organisations 
can demonstrate on this occasion 
that they have the stature to forgo 
immediate gain for the sake of the 
well being of a landlord/tenant 
system they will deserve no sym- 
pathy over any breakdown of that 
system. 

They will deserve no sympathy: 
but more importantly the country 
will lose more of its smaller family 
dairy farms which are such an 
important feature of the rural 
economy and social structure. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN H. ANDERSON, 

Head of Estate Management, 

Strutt & Parker, 

1 3 Hill Street, Wl. 

December 24. 


Passing the buck 

From Mr Brendan J. Ward 
Sir, May I commend to your readers 
a practice I have indulged in for the 
past year? 

On receipt of two or more sets of 
unsolicited advertising material 
containing reply paid envelopes, 
transfer the Literature of one 
advertiser to the envelope of another 
and return each to the other. 

The pros and cons of this practice 
are arguable. The satisfaction of 
inflicting junk mall on the per- 
petrators at no cost to oneself is 
undeniable. 

Yours faithfully, 

BRENDAN J. WARD 
Aquila Way, 

Carluke, 

Lanarkshire. 

December 18. 



Alar ming decline 
in research posts 

From DrP. V E. McClintock 
Sir, The recent reductions in 
scientific research activity pose a 
real danger of our losing altogether 
the long-term research base on 
which our future prosperity increas- 
ingly depends. 

Most basic scientific research in 
this country is carried out in our 
universities. One alar ming indicator 
of the problems that we now face is 
the catastrophic decline in the 
numbers of new PhDs willing to 
accept appointments as post- 
doctoral research associates 
(PDRAs). commonly funded by tee 
research ooundls. 

Such people are essential to the 
vitality and efficient execution of 
scientific research programmes, 
being fully trained in technique and 
at the height of their intellectual and 
imaginative powers; but it has now 
become a common experience teat 
even tee wide (and expensive) 
advertisement of a PDRA post in an 
exciting and important area of 
scientific endeavour may not draw 
any suitable applications at alL 

Tht*e difficulties stem, of course, 
from the current under-valuation 
and under-funding of UK science 
and education, which is the reason 
that we can no longer offer salaries 
in research that are commensurate 
with the advanced qualifications 
and high calibre of person needed 

UK scientific research will atro- 
phy if matters are just left to drift 
on. 

Yours faithfully. 

P. V. E. McCLENTOCK, 

University of Lancaster, 

Department of Physics, 

Lancaster. 

December 12. 

Special juries 

From Mr J. <7. D. Graham 
Sir, Lately there have been com- 
plaints that common juries are 
incapable of following a major 
banking or city fraud trial because of 
the length and complexity thereof. 
There are now suggestions that 
juries should be dispensed with and 
that trial in such cases should take 
place by judge alone. 

Until 1971. when the Courts Act 
1971 abolished teem, there was a 
possibility of empanelling a special 
jury which was defined as being 
persons or a certain station in 
society such as bankers, merchants 
or “esquires”. I can see why, in this 
levelling age, it should have been 
disliked. 

However, tee last and most useful 
outpost of tee special jury system 
was “City of London special jury”. 
In tee age of complex frauds, which 
depend upon tee use of a series of 
elaborate steps, such a jury would be 
much more difficult to bamboozle 
than a common jury made up of 
ordinary citizens of no expertise. 
This is especially so when the 
strongest objection to tee present 
system is that a jury can be 
effectively packed by objecting to 
anybody who looks as though they 
might be either well informed or 
intelligent 

Perhaps the answer to tee present 
problem, therefore, is tee reintro- 
duction of tee right to appoint at 
least a City of London special jury 
for special cases involving technical 
knowledge. After all, tee right to 
“trial by one’s peers” was always 
regarded as part of the rights of an 
Englishman and dates from Magna 
Carta at least. A trial where the jury 
has not the capacity to absorb the 
ease is not a trial al all. 

The alternative of trial by judge 
alone has already damaged the 
English civil courts by limiting 
damages and would be destructive 
of our liberties if introduced in 
criminal cases in the crown courts. 
Yours faithfully, 

J.G.D. GRAHAM. 

J. G. D. Graham & Co, Solicitors, 

415 Fulham Road, 

Chelsea. SW10. 

December 1 1. 


Consultants’ efficiency 

From the Chairman of the North 
Staffordshire Health Authority 
Sir. It has unfortunately become 
fashionable to attack consultant 
medical staff and your issue of 
December 20 gave publicity to 
Professor Maynard's call for short, 
fixed -term contracts to make it 
easier for tee NHS to di smi ss 
consultants who are “no good”. 

Maynard's proposal fits neatly 
with recent calls for medical 
performance to be mechanically 
judged by indicators that, e.g., 
measure the time s urg eons take for 
operations. We are left to assume 
that one by one “the slowest” 
surgeons will fail to obtain a renewal 
of their fixed-term contract 

As a non-medical chairman of a 
health authority concerned for the 
future of the NHS, I strongly reject 
this simplistic attempt to create 
penalties with which to threaten 
senior medical staff It does less than 
justice to the efforts of consultants 
to maintain clinical services in tee 
face of a demand that is growing 


faster than resources and. ultimate^ 
ly, it will threaten the very existence 
of tee NHS that Maynard would 
wish to maintain. 

After graduation, future consult- 
ants as junior doctors spend 15 to 20 
years working a pattern of hours that 
is still grossly unsocial both in 
quantity and timing. In every 
district hospital it is a busy group of 
senior registrars that quite literally 
run and manage clinical services 
every night and weeke n d. 

At the end of this employment, 
for the successful, there is a 
consultant post for the last 25 years 
or so of working life: To threaten to 
replace this employment with an 
uncertain pattern of fixed-term 
contra cts-wul not only lower morale 
but, more seriously, it must also 
cause consultants to wonder whether 
their commitment to the NHS is 
worth while. 

If Maynard wants Axnerican-ctyle 
contracts consultants should have 
the right to ask for Am eh can-style 
employment conditions, which in- 
clude private health care and fees for 
item of service. 


In international terms, NHS 
senior medical staff have always 
been among the lowest paid, but this 
has never become a major national 
controversy. One important reason 
is that consultants have wished the 
relative degree of clinical freedom 
that the NHS has afforded and 
rightly embrace it because . of the 
quality of service that it means for 
individual patients. 

This is the basis of the unwritten 
contract that has maintained the 
NHS since 1948. Those who 
threaten it endanger tee NHS. 

The right way forward in the 
perpetual task of making the best 
possible use of scarce resources is to 
work with tee consultants, not to 
threaten them. 

Yours faithfully, 

ROGER DYSON, Chairman, 

North Staffordshire Health 
Authority, 

Princes Road, 

HartshiH, 

Stoke-on-Trent, 

Staffordshire. 

December 23. 


JANUARY 2 1909 

An Act to provide for Old Age Pensions 
was passed on August J. 1908, coming 
into forte on January 1, 1909. It 
provided [or a penman to every man or 
woman of the age of 70 and whose 
yarrfy means did not exceed £31 10s. 
The pension varied in amount from 
one shilling weekly to five shillings. 
During the first week 501^63 pensions 
were paid. 


OLD -AGE PENSIO NS. 

THE FIRST PAYMENTS. 

The Old-Age Pensions Act came into 
force yesterday, and pensions were paid 
to duly -qualified recipients in all parts 
of the United Kingdom. 

So much has been said end written 
about the inauguration of the Act that 
the aged poor entitled to benefit by its 
provisions were fully informed as to 
how to take advantage of it, and tee 
payments were made, as a rule, without 
difficulty or inconvenience either to the 
public or to the genera! business and 
administration of the Post Office. In 
many cases, the claimants were early at 
the offices at which they were to 
receive their pensions, and in some 
instances they wailed at the doors until 
they were opened for business. In many 
districts there was not so much 
eagerness displayed. Four post offices 
in London, at which 500 pensioners 
might have claimed, were not called 
upon by 10 30 a.m. to pay more than 25 
persons. A sad incident is reported 
from Bishop’s Stortford, where a man 
of 75, who had served 25 years in the 
Army, died after signing his pension 
paper in the post office. It was a matter 
of remark in a considerable number of 
localities that the pensioners had not 
appeared in such large numbers as 
might have been expected. This was no 
doubt due, in part, to Lhe age of the 
recipients, and to the damp and foggy 
weather prevailing yesterday. Many 
pensioners will doubtless present their 
vouchers for payment later on, as may 
be convenient to them. 

Mr. Burns, the President of the 
Local Government Board, yesterday 
morning made a tour of inspection of 
several post-offices in London, and 
having seen that the Act was working 
satisfactorily, afterwards proceeded to 
his office in Whitehall. . . . 

LONDON. 

The first applicant at the General 
Post Office was Mr. William John 
Inett, who, looking hale and hearty, put 
in an appearance at the postal order 
counter shortly before half-past 9, and 
was congratulated by the clerk on being 
the first recipient of the pension at St. 
Martin's-le-Grand. Mr. Inett has lived 
in the City all bis life. At the Ludgate- 
hiil post-office, a venerable old couple, 
both of whom were nearly SO. were the 
first to receive their pensions. Each 
produced the “cheque book.” and, the 
signatures having been obtained, 3 b. 9cL 
was handwl to the husband and the 
same sum to the old woman. “Here, 
lass.” said the man, as he handed over 
the money, “you be cashier; put it in 
your purse.” The couple received hearty 
congratulations from a number of 
persons in the office as, with smiling 
faces, they walked out .. . 

A Crimean veteran in his 77th year, 
George Hibbard, of Gascony-avenue. 
Kilburn, was the first applicant for 
pension money at the post-office in 
High-road, Kilburn. He walked in on 
the stroke of 10, wearing two Crimean 
medals, Englkh and Turkish, and 
appeared to be pleased to know he was 
the first to put in an appearance. He 
received the two half-crowns smilingly. 
Hibbard, who for two years has enjoyed 
naval pension, mentioned in 
conversation that his first voyage was 
in the Trafalgar and the second in the 
Meteor, one of the first four ironclads 
built for the British Navy. One old man 
at Wimbledon was desirous of drawing 
four weeks in advance, and it took a 
good deal of explanation to convince 
him that his application could not be 
entertained. One of the pensioners who 
drew his money at Kingston yesterday 
was an old man of 74, who for years has 
had his coffin standing in his house so 
that the parish might not bury him 
when he died. . . . 


Keeping churches alive 

From Mr J. D. C. Harte 

Sir, The Editor of New Fire writes 

(December IS) that “if people want 

their parish churches teen they must 

pay for them in full. If dioceses want 

their cathedrals, teen they, too, must 

pay”. 

However, our ancient and our 
great churches are part of our 
national heritage, held on trust by 
the Church. Here tee nation can 
encounter tee faith of the Gospel 
through its own spiritual past and 
through tee beauty which is surely a 
need of the healthy human soul. 

Many congregations deprived of 
outside finance would soon abandon 
their buildings or charge entrance 
fees. Our churches would increas- 
ingly become museums or ruins. 

A better use of the wealth of tee 
national Church would be to 
increase its support for tee mainten- 
ance of church fabrics. Viable 
congregations could then be made 
entirely responsible for running 
costs and stipends of their ministers. 
It would then be apparent how the 
Church itself rates Liberals, Anglo- 
Gatholics and Evangelicals. 

The remaining central funds 
could be concentrated on furthering 
the work of tee Church in areas 
which are spiritually or socially 
deprived 
Yours faithfully, 

DAVID HARTE, 

The University of Newcastle upon 
Tyne, 

Faculty of Law. 

22-24 Windsor Terrace, 

Newcastle upon Tyne. 

December 18. 


Best of both worlds 

From Dr John Aiken 
Sir, Bernard Levin’s compassionate 
article (December 23) on pro- 
fessional indexers reminded me of a 
little book I came across, years ago, 
on tee propagation of tee Gospel in 
the Third World This had been 
painstakingly indexed; and under 
the heading “Lead” were two 
entries: “kindly light” and 

“poisoning”. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN AIKEN, 

49 Ferry Road, Rye, East Sussex. 
December 28. 





<rj* 


COURT AND SOCIAL 


SOCIAL 

NEWS 


The Queen and tiw Duke of 
Edinburgh wifl pay a stale visit to 
China from October 12 to 18. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh win visit Hong Kong 
front October 2! to 23. 

Prince** Anne, President of the Save 
the Children Fund, will visit the 
Milestone Int e rmediate Treatment 
Project in Sunderland os February 
21 acd later will visit Gtenbow 
School, Saitbum-by-the-Sea. Cleve- 
land. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will visit New Zealand 
front February 22 to March 2. 


Princes* Anne, President of the Save 
the Children Fund, win attend a 
performance of Messiah at the 
Albert Hall on F ebr u ary 23. 

Princess Anne will open the British 
Equestrian Trade Association Trade 
Fair at Saadown Park Racecourse 
on February 24. 

Princess Anne will address the 
annual c on ve n t i on of the Institute 
of Directors at the Albert Hall on 
February 25 and later, as President 
of the British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will visit Planeve, 
Nl. In the evening she will dine 
with the Chatham Dining Chib at St 
Ermin’s Hotel. 

The Duke of Kent, ns president, will 
attend die RAF Benevolent Fund 
anniversary concert at the Festival 
Hall, on April 11. 


Forthcoming marriages 


Mr J.P.A. Black 
■ad Min J. CCUsbolm-BaNcs 
The eng agem e n t is announced 
bet w e e n Paul, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs J. P. R. Black, of Desks. 
CuckfieJd. West Sussex, and Juliet, 
younger daughter of Dr V, R, 
Qushcdm-Banea, of Burbage, Wilt- 
shire, and of Mrs H. M. wTHarris, 
of West Common, Haywards Heath, 
West Sussex. 

Lieutenant R. L. Bourne. RN 
and Miss O. E. Lawsoo-Tnacred 
The engagement n announced 
between Richard, son of MrL. R. T. 
Bourne, and the late Mr* R. Bourne, 
of Birmi ngham, and Otrvia, younger 
daughter of the Rev C and Mu 
Lawsoo-Tascned, of London. 

Mr S. C. BromfieM 
and Mrs A. M. Fatty 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Charles, youngest 
son of Dr and Mrs F. B. Bromndd, 
of Rodborough Common, Glouces- 
tershire, and Amanda Mary, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. E. Futty, 
of F cmliurst , Sussex. 

Mr R. J. H. CatUn 
and Miss C-J. Johnson 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs D. H. Catlin. of Gerrards 
Cross. Berkshire, and Christine, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs J. M. 
Johnson, of Pen broke, Dyfed. 

Mr T. A. Oareoce-Sraith 
and Mbs S. C km 
The engagement is announced 
between Thomas, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs K. Garcnce-Smiih. of 
Holly Grove. Ncaiishead, Norfolk, 
and Stephanie, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John M. Rees, of Greenfield. 

Acre Road, Carmarthen, 

Mr D. G. Cotanu 
and Min C. G. Banach- Bennett 
The engag e m en t is announced 
between Daragh Gerard, eldest son 
of Mr and Mrs B. G. Coleman, and 
Catherine Gillian, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Banach- Ben nett 
Mr J. P. A. Downw ar d 
and Miss N. P. G. Seraphim 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, elder son of Major- 
General Peter Do w n w a r d of 
London, and the late Mrs Hilda 
Downward, and stepson of Mrs 
Peter Downward, and Nayia. only 
daughter of Mr and Mn George 
Se raphim , of London and Cyprus. 


Marriages 

Mr C.S. Moore 
and Mbs J. E. Faber 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, December 28, at St Peter’s 
Church, Winchester, of Mr Chris- 
topher S. Moore, elder son of Mr 
Joseph Moore and Mrs Mary 
Moore, of New York, and Miss 
Joliet E. Faber, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs T. H- Faber, of West 
Tytheriey. near Salisbury. Canon 
Nicholas France officiated. 

The bride was attended by Miss 
Julia Talbot-Rice. Miss Elizabeth 
Moore. Lady Sarah Fortescue, 
P.oddie Watson. Michele and 
Rebecca Zhri. and Charlotte Faber. 

Mr Fred Moore was best man. 

A reception ws held at Twyford 
Lodge, the home of the bride's 
grandparents. 

MrN.C.Tale 
and Miss H. J. Roper-Lowe 
The mamage took place on 
December 21 at Christ Church. 
Beckenham, of Mr Nigri Tale, son 
of Mr and Mr* G. Tate, of Beeslon. 
Nottingham, and Miss Harriet 
P. oper-Lowe. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs D.A. Roper-Lowe, of London 
w«. 


Alice Ottley School 

Miss Eiieen Mil lest has retired after 
21 '-ears as Headmistress of The 
Alice Ottley School, Worcester. She 
is succeeded by Miss Christine 
SibbiL formerly Deputy Head- 
mistress of the Girls' Grammar 
School. Tunbridge Wells. 


Simpson 

01-7342002 II CCADIILY 

OPEN TODAY 
9.00am - 7.00pm 

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■ DAKS trench raincoats 26166- £119 

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WOMEN 

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■Umtauf&Klein coato .-6m £89 



OPBi DAJDT 9JJ0AM-5^0PM THWSDflfS UNTIL 7PM 







THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 




\ • ■ *** 


Hi 




vficsf. 




Mr M. A. Forde 
and Mks R. McKbrndl 
The engagement is announced 
bet w een Martin, elder son of Mr 
and Mr Ralph Forde, of Langley, 
Berkshire, and Rnth, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs lan McKmndl. of 
Stoke Albany. Northamptonshire. 

Dr R.D. Jaqnes 
and DrS. K. Barrows 
The engagement is announced 
between Roderick, son of Mr and 
Mrs D. G. Jaqucr of The Peak, 
Hong Kong, and Sophie, daughter 
of Mis P. F. Burrows and the late Dr 
K. Burrows of Beacons field, Buck- 
inghamshire. 

Mr A- Kenny 
and Miss S. Whitaker 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs R. Kenny, of Bourne- 
mouth. Hampshire, and Sarah, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs S. 
F. Whitaker, of Almondsbury, 
Bristol. 

Mr C. A. Melrin 
and Dr C. A. John 

The engagement is announced 
between Clifton Adrian, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Sidney Melvin, of 
Manson Mews, Kensington, and 
Catherine Ann, only daughter of 
Mrs Daphne John, of 
Gwent, and the Rev Howard John, 
ofTborpe Bay, Essex. 

Dr C. G. O’Bryaa-Tear 
and Dr S. J. Lament 
The engagement is announced 
between Gillies, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs H. L. 0"Bryan-T ear, of Little 
Venice, London, and Susan, elder 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Eugene 
Laurent, of Hampstead Garden 
Suburb, London. 

Mr N. S. Rerett 
and Miss L. J. Booth 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs E. W. G. Revett. of 
Pettistiee, Suffolk, and Lydia, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs C L. 
Booth, of Slreatham, London. 

MrG.XLWeaton 
and Miss CE. Brunet 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy. eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs G. H. Weston, of London. W2, 
and Charlotte, younger daughter of 
Dr and Mrs P. C J. Brunet, of 
Steeple Aston. Oxfordshire. 


Birthdays today 

Professor Isaac Asimov, 66; Mr 
David Bailey, 48; the Duke of 
Devonshire, 66; Professor Sir 
Kingsley Dunham, 76; Mr Walter 
Harrison, MP. 65; Mr M. C St J. 
Hornby. 87; Sir Anthony Lincoln. 
75; Lord Nelson of Stafford. 69; Mr 
Edmund de Rothschild, 70: Air 
Marshal Sir Ernest Sidey. 73; Sir 
Michael Tippett. OM. CH, 8 1; Lord 
Trend. 72; Dr Rach e l Waterhouse, 
63; the Right Rev Kenneth 
WooHcombe, 62; Sir Philip de 
Zuloeta. 61. 


Development Trust 
for the Young Disabled 

Mr H. V. Whiie-Smith has been 
elected Chairman of the Dev 
mem Trust for the Young Disabl 
in succession to Mr J. M. van 
Zwinenberg, who continues as a 
trustee. Mr White-Smith is a 
director of Willis, Fever and Dumas 
Limited. Air Commodore D. F. 
Riason is vice-chairman of the trust, 
and Sir Neville Leigh. 

Clerk to the Privy Council, has 
become a trustee. Captain A- D. 
Hutton. RN, has been appointed 
secretary. 


Latest appointments 

Mr Smart MitcheO to be Director of 
the North West Tourist Board. He 
will succeed Mr Geoffrey Hare, who 
becomes Chief Executive of the 
Scottish Tourist Board. 


* .Vi- 



m 


t'i 




fcj®. ' v ,*5 


r.vi 

m 







A general view of the marina at the show. Photograph: Peter Triernor 

Crusader sets pace at show 


Harold Cndmore, skipper of the British 
America's cup challenger for 1987, opened 
the thirty-second London International Boat 
Show at Earl’s Court yesterday. 

The centrepiece of the show which has 
attracted nearly 500 exhibitors Is the 
British America's Cap challenger. Cru- 
sader, named by the Princess of Wales last 
month. 

Crusader is one of two 12-metre class 
boats being built to win the America's Cup 
for Britain in the 1987 challenges to be held 


off Perth, Western Australia. Mr Cndmore, 
aged 41 will skipper whichever of the two 
craft is the quicker, after trials. 

Mr Cndinxe was originally to have 
assisted in the opening ceremony, which 
was to have been per fo rmed by Mr Tom 
Webb, the acknowledged “lather” of the 
London Boat Show and director general of 
the Ship and Boat Banders’ National 
Federation. Bat Mr Webb withdrew because 
of illness. 

The show fobs imtQ January 12. 


Archaeology 

Vikings forged Anglo-Irish link 

By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Co rr espond en t 


Study of the millions of finds 
made during recent excavations 
in Dublin are shedding new 
light on the origins of the city as 
a Viking settlement, and are 
showing how dosely the 
Vikings interacted with towns 
in England and on the Conti- 
nent 

Among the significant dis- 
coveries has been a series of 
weights, all of which conformed 
to a Carolingian standard. 

The Dublin excavations were 
concentrated in two areas, 
uphill on the High Street, and 
down on the banks of the LifTey 
in an area known as Wood 
Quay. 

The latter became highly 
controversial in the late 1970s, 
when Dublin Cor p o ra t i on 
wanted to bulldoze the site for 
new civic offices; dramatic 
protests, including an appeal to 
the Irish Supreme Court 
eventually resulted in govern- 
ment funding for non-stop 
excavations on pan of the site 
throughout the winters of 1980 
and 1981. 

The materia] from wood 
Quay is now housed in the 
basement of a new building 
rented by the National Museum 
of Ireland, where more than 
3,000 drawers bold “literally 
millions of specimens”, accord- 
ing to Mr Patrick Wallace, who 
is in charge of publishing the 
results of the work. 

While a substantial number 


of the finds are the quotidian 
remains of dinners, found as 
animat bones and plant re- 
mains. many more are artefacts, 
discarded or tost by their Viking 
owners. 

Among the most important 
are more than 250 lead weights, 
some of them made in a 
decidedly ad hoc maimer such 
as casting in an empty lobster 
claw (presumably left after one 
of those dinners). Most are of 
13 or 26 grammes, and accord 
with the Carolingian ounce of 
26 grammes, weights up to 
eight Carolingian ounces have 
been documented for certain, 
and some heavier lead objects 
may also be weights in this 
system. 

.Another dement of the finds, 
and one which is not given great 
emphasis, is the extent of 
contacts with the British coastal 
cities. The Vikings made no 
potter*’, and imported iheir 
vessel 5 from places such as 
Chester. There were very strong 
ties, political as well as econ- 
omic, with Jorvik, modern 
York., which included the 
provision of Viking raters in 
Jorvik. 

Contacts with the Saxons in 
southern England were also 
strong, so much so. said Mr 
Wallace, that there “was almost 
a Saxon presence” in Viking 
Dublin. Those ties went far 
beyond England, however 
more than a thousand pieces of 


silk doth have been recovered, j 
imported ' from * Byzantium. , 
p er hap s along the weft-known ! 
trade routes up the rivers of] 
European Russia. 

Mundane locally made oh-] 
jeets Include hundreds of iron 
knives, spearheads and arrow-' 
heads, and much carved bone- 
work decorated in derivative! 
Scandinavian styles. One piece ; 
of the eleventh century has a , 
runic inscription, so fir unread, ; 
which Mr Wallace describes as j 
“very late”. 

The town itself consisted of i 
uarrow tenements on either side 
of a few main streets. More than 
a hundred intact foundations of i 
tenth and eleventh century j 
wooden houses have been 
excavated, and the average 
house seems to have been about 
8.5 metres (28ft) by 4.5 metres. 

The buildings were in an 
archaic tradition already super- 
seded in England and on the 
Continent. As many as 12 
successive foundations were 
found in a si ngle tenement, and 
all the buildings were thatched 
and low-walled, with a central 
fireplace and narrow aisles on 
cither side. 

~Mr Wallace hopes that 
Dublin Corporation win build a 
“Museum of Dublin" in which 
some of the finds can be 
displayed; they show, be said, 
that even in the Viking age 
Dublin was a cosmopolitan city. 


Carabridfe 
DARWIN COLLEGE 

G « a M Ml t— mn r MMnMr Mr* S L 
noua. MA. BOei ami Sir T C Cvffixr. MA. 

Dundee 

The university is so award the 
honorary degree of doctor of laws :o 
the following at the graduation 
ceremony on July 1 !: 

Professor Patrick Forrest, regies 
professor of clinical surg ery. 
Edinburgh University and Chief 
Scientist of the Scottish Home and 
Health Depart mem; Dr Norman 
MacCzig, poec Mr Janies Paloa 
McPherson. Chief Executive, 
Wright Health Group; Brigadier 
Helen Guild Meecbie. Director. 
Women's Royal Army Corps: and 
Mr Gordon Wilson, MP for Dundee 
East and Chairman of the Scotuah 
National Parry. 


University news 

s°«**4* KSSSSTw^ 

The uni ve r si ty holds research grams 
and coeteacu worth £15.1 minion, 
an :nrrease of 13.7 per cent over the 
previous s ear. 

More than £7.4 million came 

from ihe Science and Engineering 

Research Council «rwt otter re- wwnwn* iwc airr-sro »» » 
search couasSs. Government de- mmh»T 
pa-tnseats were the source of £3 
million, while the EEC aad otter _ . . 

overseas bodies provided £1J SncinB*at t S* 
m ulios. Almost £2 millkm of the SCSTifiSSw 
research foods came from the public wmm — n j n 
asd private sectors of indmory aad 

commerce. t wa in rwninm cioaooc 

r rwtlrr 

Research grants worth £1,891,000 
have bccc awarded to the univensnr 
between Jciy and October 1985, 

twice the value of grants received in 
tne same period the previous year. 

\nccg these announced are: 




.7* 






OBITUARY 

SAM SPIEGEL c • ■ 

Hollywood producer of quality .nuns 

Spiegel's next two pro- 
ductions WO* equally eotfirpns- 
ing: in America, Hildas a Man, 
' * fiom Calder Willingham’s 
pavel of sadism and perversion 
in a Southern military academy, 
which most surely be one of the 
most extraordinary and uncon- 
f\ vmitiona] works ever to come 
from a commercial film-com- 
.{ pony. 

' Then with mainly British 
adore and technical crew he 
made The Bridge on the River 
Kwaif which contained one of$ir 
Alec Guinness's most b rillian t 
performances, achieved unpre- 
ccodented commercial success 
and gained an enormous number 
of awards- all over the world. 

successful of the Hollywood *- The next subject he chose, 

producers, working indepea- ' His first notable Hollywood Tennessee Vfmiams s most 
dentlv of die big studios, with film was Totes of Manhattan savage play Suadenty Last 


Sam Spiegel, producer of 
award-winning films like On 
The Waterfront and The Bridge 
on the. River Kwai, died on 
December 31 on the Canibean 
island of St Martin. He was in 
his.SOs. 

Thoueb Ms' public image 
differed little from that of the 
conventional Hollywood impre- 
sario, flamboyant, cigar-chew- 
ing and with more Than a hint 
of megalomania, he was an 
intelligent and perceptive man 
who was as much interested in 
the artistic quality of his films 
as 1 their commercial appeal 

During the 1940s and 1950s 
he was one of the most 
successful of the Hollywood 
producers, working indepen- 



SS# f 

i 



dentiy of die big studios, with film was Tates of 


thffpgh he continued to make 
interesting and sometimes 
unusnal films into the 1980s. 


an Impressive list of credits. He (1942) which introdnccrl to Summer again demonstrated 
worked closely with his actors Hollywood the episode film. hiS willingness to seek m atenaJ 
and directors*, forming partico- consisting of a number of in areas usually regarded by 
larly fruitful partnerships with separate, Hntorf stories. film-makers as too esoteric and 

John Hasten and the British He then worked for a time as uncommerdaL 
director. Sir David Lean, with producer with the Universal During the early 
whom he made The Bridge on, company, thus renewing an old renewed his partnership with 
the River Knvi and Lawrence qf association, and was the only David Lean on Lawrence of 
Arabia. Hollywood producer willing to Arabia. Like The Bridge on the 

He was. boro in Jaroslau. employ Orson Welles as a River Kwai it was an ambitious 
then in the Polish territory of director after Ins much publi- and expensive film, concaved 
the Austro-Hungarian Empire cried rift with the industry over on an epic scale and ta kin g 
and was educated first in The Magnificent- Ambersons several years to make. It too. 
Poland and later in Austria' which a fir™ studio had ns- was a big box office hit and the 
where he studied at Vienna shaped without Welles’s ap- winner of many awards, indud- 
U nivaxity. provaL' ing the Oscar for the year's best 

He gravitated to the film The resultant film. The picture. 

.industry which he entered as a Stranger, written and directed Spiegel did not eqjoy the 
story translator during a visit to by, and stiwTipft Welles, was commercial success again, 

Hollywood in 1927. However about the front "for an escaped though he continued to make 
he returned to Europe where he p jaTi rrimmni in a N*”' Frgiflnd interesting and sometimes 
joined die European section of town. unusual films into the 1980s. 

the Universal company in Spicgd was gaining, a repo- Marion Brando, who had made 
Berlin. ' .ration as cine of Hollywood's his name in On The Waterfront, 

In the late 1920s and early 'most intelligent and cultured give a vivid portrayal of a 
1950s Universal maintained a producers. His policy was to masodiistic Southern sheriff in 
considerable orga n ization to produce fewer but better films. The Chase, which was directed 
produce French and German Thus the selec t list of his frfrns by Arthur Penn, later to make 
versions of its American films, contains few . failures *«d a Bonnie and Clyde, 
to distribute European films number of the most interesting In 1971. Spiegel returned to 
and to seek out talent on the film* to come out of Holly- the historical epic with Nicholas 
continent. wood; We Were Strangers, with and Alexandra, an account of 

The experience came in its subtle and penetrating study the last years of the Tsar and 
useful when Spiegel went in of the tensions among a group Tsarina of Russia and their 
1930 to work with a company of I jrin American rebels; murder by the Bolsheviks, but 
malting French and German African Queen, with its superb the effect was worthy rather 
versions of film s for distri- | w fiy r m nn<-<-* from Humphrey »fr«w gparidjng . 
bution in Europe, and later, Rog ^ r i anH Katharine Hepburn. His attempt at Scott Htz- 
when be became an indepen- Both were directed by John Gerald’s The Last Tycoon. 
dent producer himself Huston and marie for Horizon, desp ite his en g agin g FHa Kazan 

Spiegel left Germany in 1933 the production company for- as director and Harold Pinter as 
as a fugitive from Nazism and med by Huston and SpiegeL writer, was a critical and 
worked as a producer elsewhere' Horizon’s next production in commercial failure, 
in Europe before migrating to .Europe. Melba, was less sue- One of his last films was also 
the United States in 1935. He oessful; but the next American a collaboration with Pinter, an 
went to Hollywood where he production. On the Waterfront, adaptation of the latter’s stage 
soon m*A- his mark, producing achieved enormous success, play. Betrayal, which was made 
as S. P. Eagle, until reverting to Like African Queen it won m Britain with Jeremy Irons 
his own name in 1954. several Academy Awards. and Ben. Kingsley. 


RICK NELSON 


Kick Nelson, who as Ricky 
Nelson had an immense follow- 
ing as a pop singer in the 1950s, 
was kilted along with fianofe 
and several members of his 
band in a plane crash in Texas 
cm December 31. He was 45. - 
With his fresh faced, almost 
faninine good looks, NdsOB 
belonged rather to the “heart 
throb" than "hard rock” cate- 
gory of that first generation of 
singers who pioneered rode 'n 
roll in the Fifties. 

His music, too, with .’ its 
tendency to youthful romanti- 
cism was sweeter than Presley’s, 
though it had no less power, 
when performed live, to drive 
its audiences to the faenzies of 
screaming and hysteria which 
were characteristic of the tunes. 

A string of hits, "Some little 
FooT, "If s Late", “Hello Mary 
Lou", occupied high positions 
in the charts on both sides of 
the Atlantic for weeks on end, 
earning Nelson half a milli on 
doDars a year at his peak. 

Nelson was bora Eric Hilliard 
Nelson on May 8, 1940, in 
Teaneck, New Jersey, the son of 
two successful entertainers, the 
bandleader Ozzie Nelson and 
his vocafist wife, Harriet. At the 
age of right. Nelson and bis 
! brother David joined their 


Mr Duncan Hubert David 
Alexander, CBE, who died an 
December 18 at the age of 74,. 
was national president of the 
Chartered Auctioneers* and 
Estate Agents* Institute 1964- 
65. 



\y'?m 

£ 'v::: 



Si 


Nelson in tike Fifties 

parents popular radio show. 
The Adventures of Ozzie and 
Harriet which gamed even 
wider currency for its cast when 
it became a television show in 
1952. 

Nelson began to sing on the 
show and at 16, as Ricky 
Nelson, he recorded a Bus 
Domino songTm Walltio* ** to 
find fri marif oventifiht. the idol 
of millions of teenagers. His 
first half dozen records were all 
hits and aft sold more than a 
million copies. 

Joseph Oriolo, the cartoonist 
who created Casper thq friendly 
ghost and directed snore than 
1,000 cartoons dining his 
career, including man y e pis odes 
of Felix the cat .™ died on 
December 25. He^ 72. 


* For the next few years Nelson 
was among die top bracket of 
rode *n noil performers but, like 
many of the first generation of 
pop stars, found himself not 
eaaly able to brad to the winds 
of Chang e which swept- the pop 
music world in the 1960s, 
outmoding his brand of simple 
sentiment and pleasant melody, 
and replacing it with something 
more abrasive, more socially 
aware and non musically 
sophisticated. ' 

From the early 1960s on- 
wards he was in virtual 
obscurity, but he reemerged in 
1972, now singing as Ride 
Nelson with a band, die Stone 
Canyon Band, performing in a 
completely diffoent idiom from 
that ofhis rode 'n roll years. 

With its country-rock style. 
Stone Canyon Band had con- 
siderable success and Nelson 
himself had an individual hit 
with “Garden Party” in 1972. 

Nelson also appeared in 
several films as an actor, 
including Rio Bravo with John 
Wayne and The Wackiest Ship 
in the Army. 

His marriage, to Kristin 
Hannon, 'was dissolved. There 
wens four children. 


Lady Braybrooke. wife of 
Lord Braybrooke, died on 
Christmas Eve. She was Angela 
Mary, daughter of W. H. Hollis 
and widow of John Roe, and she 
married Lord Braybrooke as his 
second wife in 1963. 



- • . • 
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Dartefiiith passing-out ] 

■Vffce-Adniirai S$Ste*fc Reffefl, the xoMMiMMA: 
Controller ofjfae Navy, look ihe 

salute at a erav^nit parade bdd 
at xbe BoObmf* Royal Naval 
College, Dartmouth, on December 
19, wten.'“ite fidkmini officers 
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Science report 

Aerial scanner that identifies mineral deposits 

Bj BDI Johnstone, Techixtiogy Correspondent 


A radiation scanner for nse in 
low-flying aircraft has been 
developed in Australia to 
identify and analyse mineral 
deposits. 

Tests conducted by the 
Coonnomrealth Sdentific and 
Industrial Research Organiza- 
tion (CS1RO), in co-operation 
with mineral company, Carr 
Boyd Minerals, have been 
successful enough for the 
design to be considered for 
commercial use. 

The scanner can also be 
used for crop monitoring, 
detection of soft erosion ami 


water pollution, and to help 
with fire fighting (the seamier 
'■sees” through smoke). 

A picture of the ground 
being surveyed is displayed fat 
the aircraft cabin. An electro 
mechanical scanner ec board 
the aircraft measures and 
records the energy levels 
reflected and enritteofrota the 


When the aircraft it flying, 
at a height of 2.000 metres, the 
nit scans a swathe four 
kaometres wide and processes 
data from that atrip in 10 
square metre sections. 


The moltispectral scanner 
was c oa ce ire d by Dr Frank 
Hooey white looking for an aid 
to geological mappiag. 

The prototype tests were 
conducted eartter this year In 
the Eastern Goldfields, West- 
ern Australia. A CSRIO 
official said: ^The resahs were 
dramatic. Hitherto unknown 
faults and rock suites were 
really identified. Earlier 
flight tests otw farming areas 
loca ted unsuspected areas iff 
salt fOcnwduwsiL*' 

1W ground signals are 

analysed by the electronics on 



the aircraft and then displayed 
m a monitor a» the a h er aft 
flies «*er the area. 

“From the image processing 
the joint re s e a r ch team ms 
■Me to elicit &e distribution of 
several of the minenfe in the 
areas studied, such « fcadtin, 
BMWtnKxriftooite. carbonue, 
haematite, g oetidte and 
gypsum. 

"The rendts showed that 
the images obtafeed from the 
scanner provide 1 a greatly 
enhaiwd ^ 

stratigraphy and structure of 









Paul Griffiths looks jSI| 
back on European lfi| 
Music Year M 




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La Calisto 4 - ''T- 

Royal Court . ; - 

There are two ways to .bring' seventeenth- - 
century opera to Kfe; One - the more 
difficult - is to play it as it was but to such 
a convincing degree that you caxttake your 
audience back in time with you: And the 
other is to bring it up to date, transmuting 
old conventions into new ones. That is 
what David Freeman has opted for in his 
production for Opera factory London 
Sinfonietta of Chvaffi’s sexual comedy La 
Calisto, and second time round (the piece 
was done in- tandem with -Tippettfs; The 
Knot Garden a year ago as the company's 
triumphant opening gambit) it Stilt works : 
utterly brilliantly. 

Much of the reason for that, of course, is 
Freeman’s i ns istence upon teamwork and 
upon the ability of bis singers to treat their - 
rin ging only as one vital facet of their ait . 
among many. And here it is true to say 
that although characters such as Calisto, 
Jove (in both his guises), Diana and, later, 
Juno do naturally emerge as dominant^ . 
that is because of CavaHv notbecause of: 
overbearing stage personalities^ The 
supporting roles, right down to the brief . 
appearance of two Furies, are all 
sparklingly effective, if sometimes rather 
in the manner of the bit parts in The 
Benny Hill Show. And the music is 
unifo rmly marvellous, often t e a sjngly 
sumptuous. 

What a perfect idea, among many, to'; 
cast Satirino, the rampant boy eager for - 
his first taste of the forbidden fruit, as a 
would-be macho rugby player enga^ing in 
some frantically zealous training with -his 


_ team-mates Pan and Sylvano. That would, 
he ifdfcukics enough, but here the role is 
• sni^ by a woman, Linda Kitchen, a ploy 
.which serves to pour yet more scorn upon 
ihe«odial roles we play. On the other side 
df the coin, so to- speak, are the figures of 
Nature^ Eterpity and Destiny, .who appear 
at - the ; beginning as beauty queens 
preparing'themselves before then- mirrors. 
They-jtappear at the end, when Calisto, 
who fisting with radiance and richness by 
-Marie' Angel, is crowned among them, a 
crocodile tear or two and a television pout 


Television 

When rock was hard 


[iiw » 



absnrd*poinled scenario. . 

-And -there is more, since one of Diana's 
followers, Iinfea, is. played -by Nigel 
Robson (also, coofisingty, the rugby-play- 
ing Fan) in a rather fetching virginal white 
slip/ which is several degrees more 
pantomme-like than Jove's manifestation 
as Diana. The same person, the definitely 
feminine Christine Botes, rings both the 
. echt character and the assumed one. As 
you can see, it is all vary confusing, 
although Paul Daniel’s edition of the 
score, which is necessarily cut but includes 
much that Leppard’s old edition omitted, 
cannily -keeps the force from straying 
beyond our comprehension. 

There are excellent performances, too, 
l fiwn Omar Ebrahun, a . roller-skated 
Mercury, and from Brian Gordon as the 
lovelorn but ultimately triu mph ant she- 
pherd Endymion, despite a counter-tenor 
voice that seems uncomfortable in the 
lower register. But I liked best of all Janis 
Kelly's Juno, a veritable Joan Coffins of a 
figure." Paul Darnel directs- a small and 
'competent band of early instruments. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Theatre 



Mercury on roller-skates: 
the excellent Omar Ebrahim 


ti v 

S--.V* 


The Go-Go Boys > 

Lyric Sludio, 
Hammersmith - 

One cheering thing about the 
work of Howard Lester and. 
Andrew Alty is that they have 
managed to write and penorma- 
play about male homosexuality 
without using the- word .“gay’T. 
Let other toilers , in this field 
take note that it can be done. 

That however; is about fife' 
only thing The Go-Go Boys does 
exclude: and, -at leastas a non- 
stop variety show, it folly 
reflects the authors' note that 
their work was “bom out of the 
conviction that there is for more 
to masculinity than we have 
been led to believe"- 

Their method is to tejl tbe- 


story of a friendship between 
the straight Brian arid the 
homosexual Steve, and repeat-: 
edly interrupt ri with sketches 
illustrating sexual stereotypes 
arid bigotry. -The effect is that of 
a~ straightforward . narrative ■ 

- illustrated with lurid cartoons. ' 
Uuhke the cartoon figures, the 
named characters have the 
rapacity to change. 

Brian- rescues " Steve from 
being mugged, ■ and, then backs 
-qwsyV in, aform from the 
affectionately grateful victim; 
but he is still prepared to take 
on : Steve 'for private judo 
lessons though he draws the line 
at ' taking turn round to the pub.' 

~ Steve, ‘ on’ ;the : other' hand, 

- cultivates Brian' without .any 
serious thought of 'getting him - 
info bed.. Growing friendship 


overrides the differences 
between them. 

in contrast, die partners show 
, a .v series of closed-mind 
examples of sexual hatred: a 
pack of grunting macho bar- 
room- gorillas changing to 
desperately- inhibited farther and 
ion inquisitions, a menacing 
vigilante hbudmga homosexual 
social worker out ofhis job, and 
a quiz show where the right 
definition of clitoris turns out to 
be ; “a- lattice- work garden 
fence**. ' 

I have a nasty feeling that the 
authors- intended those scenes 
to exert a. real critical bite. In 
fact, they come over as gro- 
tesque inventions for removed 
from actuality. What they do 
offer isthe pretext for Lester 
and Alty to play a; lot of parts; 


thus dispelling the tedium that 
always threatens to engulf two- 
men shows, and revealing them 
as comic performers who are as 
much at home as fruitily 
untrustworthy politicians, lust- 
fully fantasizing teenagers and 
figures of idiot authority. 

Where the piece does score 
detailed points is in the ongoing 
story of the two friends: as 
where Brian expresses his 
nausea at the idea of being 
curled up with a man, while 
curled up with Steve in a judo 
hold; or where, back to back, 
they face a mob of skinheads 
and express human loyalty in 
terms of sexual defiance. At 
such moments, the piece 
emerges as deliriously funny 
and deadly serious. 


The seasonal mood of senti- 
mental goodwill continued with 
a documentary which was 
virtually an archaeological in- 
vestigation into British rock V 
roll - Mr Faroes, Shillings and 
Pence (Channel 4). This was 
ostensibly about Larry Parnes, 
who managed a stable of home- 
grown rock ’n’ roll talent in the 
late Fifties and. early Sixties. 
Tommy Steele, Marty Wilde, 
Billy Fury, Joe Brown and 
Georgie Fame were his best- 
known properties, and any 
leaning the programme might 
have had towards biography 
was rapidly overpowered by 
their rose-tinted reminiscences. 

Parnes, from a Jewish rag- 
trade family, discovered his first 
musicians playing in Soho 
coffee bars for ten shillings a 
night - Marty Wide was so 
broke he used to walk back 
home to Greenwich, and 
Tommy Steele bopped on the 
bus from Bermondsey with his 
guitar. 

A Parnes contract could 
initially get them £1.50 plus ten 
bob fare money, rising to the 
dizzy heights of £50 a week. The 
management cut was 40 per 
cent - “If he’d taken 90 per cent 
it would still have been worth j 
it", said Wilde. 

Joe Brown recalled haggling 
over a one shilling tip given to a 
taxi driver, having had to haggle 
for the right to take taxis at all, 
despite a weekly appearance on 
Jack Good’s television show. 
The Parnes view was that a 
threepence tip on a nine stuffing 
fare was perfectly adequate. He 
made Brown sign for a ten 
shilling advance, but, looking 
back, the musician’s amiable 
view was that battling such 
stinginess was good fun. 

This was rock ’n’ roll when it 
was barely out of the egg, long 
before the days of corporate 
rock, image advisers and video. 
The culmination of Parnes’ s 
talent-spotting venture was a 
series of punishing tours which 
hurled the singers the length 
and breadth of Britain, playing 
one-night stands. They were 
billed as “healthy, happy young 
entertainers", and not allowed 
to wear Panstik on Sundays. 

With the exception of Billy 
Fury, whose history of ill health 


led to his death at the age of 42 
from heart failure, the Parnes 
boys reassembled twenty years 
on as healthy, happy, middle- 
aged entertainers, and it was 
tempting to conclude that his 
hard school of showbusiness 
had been a proving fire. 

Persuaders (Channel 4) was a 
film about a different group of 
visibly healthy, happy, young 
people - the Hare Krishna 
devotees. The focus of the film 
shifted between a glamorous 
former model who saw herself 
as an attractor for Krishna- 
con sciousness, the singer Hazel 
O’Connor’s blend of open- 
mindedness, scepticism and 
common sense, and the visit of 
an American spiritual master 
whose arrogance seemed less 
than transcendental. 

The film was unconsciously 
struggling against the British 
prejudice against any group 
which caters to the spiritual 
needs of the young. 

Celia Brayfield 


Handel W J 
and Bach fe 
supreme ®I: 




A sense of utter rightness: 
Ann Murray in the title role 
of ENO’s Xerxes 


Nineteen eighty-five was Euro- 
pean Music Year, though 
nobody explained whether h 
was a year for celebrating 
European music or rather just 
any old music year that 
happened to have been dropped 
down in Europe this time 
round. Not that it mattered: just 
try escaping from European 
music in Europe at any time. 
Typically, of course, the Proms 
confused matters by making it 
American music year, but 
nothing could disguise the fact 
that European Music Year was 
simply a means to channel a 
dribble of EEC funds music's 
way. One wonders if they ever 
heard about it in Helsinki or 
Belgrade. 

Even so. anything that boosts 
music is more than welcome; 
one wishes only that some of 
the beneficiary projects could 
have been better planned. My 
most easily rejected invitation 
of the year was to an EMY 
conference in Rome on the 
State of Composition Today. 
And in England one of the 
notable damp squibs was the 
European Baroque Orchestra. 
Conceived with the estimable 
aim of exposing young mu- 
sicians from around Europe to 
tuition from some of the most 
distinguished exponents of 
baroque music, this produced a 
string of distinctly mediocre 
concerts, apparently because 
little thought had gone into the 
administration. 

One excuse for the misbegot- 
ten EBO, and indeed for having 
a European Music Year at all. 
was of course the extraordinary 
conjunction of tercentenaries. 
Inevitably Domenico Scarlatti 
was elbowed out by the mighty 
figures of Handel and Bach: 
perhaps his case could have 
been helped by EMY-sponsored 
prizes for being able to identify 
all his sonatas from the opening 
two hors (though 1 also like the 
idea of a competition for 
coherent accounts of Handel 
opera plots to be written in the 
space of a Times review; this 
competition would by no means 
be dosed to the producers of the 
ENO Xerxes or the Scottish 
Opera Orlando). 

My own meanderings 
■through European Music Year 
suggested that Bach has been 
best served by the record 
companies and Handel by the 
opera bouses. Among the Bach 
recordings. Andrew Parrott’s 
EMI version of the B minor 
Mass was a delightful rediscov- 
ery of a masterpiece out in a 
landscape of fresh, pure colour 
and pastoral grace. And I 
suppose it was a not dissimilar 
sense of rightness that marked 
out the English National 
Opera's production of Xerxes. 
Handel is ready meat to 
producers who want to make a 
production around the opera 
rather than produce the opera; 
the distinction of Nicholas 
Hytner’s staging was that he 
realized these alternatives and 
worked within and between 
them. 

But Xerxes was only one 
among an extraordinary num- 


ber of stimulating productions 
from the ENO this year, 
including The Bartered Bride. 
The Midsummer Marriage. 
Akhnaien, Orpheus in the 
Underworld. Faust and most 
recently Don Giovanni. One 
might have reservations about 
one or two of these; one might 
hope to God one never has to 
see Akhnafen again; but all of 
them buzzed with the excite- 
ment of a theatre that is doing 
important work and knows it. If 
comparisons have to be made, 
then the only similar excite- 
ment at Coven t Garden came 
from two productions in the 
autumn: of Stockhausen's 

Donnerstag and of a pair of 
Zemlinsky operas, the latter 
borrowed from Hamburg. 

New productions in Cardiff 
and Glasgow were still less 
happy. The Welsh National 
Opera's love-affair with direc- 
tors from Eastern Europe 
produced an outrageous Don 
Giovanni, a bizarrely incoherent 
Rigoletto and what was by 
contrast a curiously restrained 
Cost fan tuite, while their 
budget Ring stumbled dully to 
its conclusion. Scottish Opera 
had a snappy Barber, but they 
also had an ill-advised new 
opera by Edward Harper on 
Hedda Gabler and Anthony 
Burgess’s misconceived attempt 
at a rescue of Weber’s Oberon. 

In the concert hall many of 
the plums came in the Mahler 
and the Twentieth Century 
festival, which was elevated 
both by Claudio Abbado's 
conducting (in perpetual battle 
with the Barbican Hall acoustic) 
and by a wide-ranging choice of 
accompanying works. It needs 
to be remembered that this 
festival brought decent-sized 
audiences to hear the music of 
Luigi Nouo. Brian Femey- 
hough, Harrison Birtwistle and 
others, proving once more, as 
the ever-valuable woric of the 
London Smfonietta continues 
to prove, that there is a public 
for contemporary music if it is 
well played and intelligently 
programmed. 

.And it is for what is now new 
music that 19S5 will be 
musically remembered (if not 
for the next august threesome, 
currently brats squawling their 
heads off in Eisenach or Halle 
or Naples). My guess is that the 
twenty-first century will not be 
seeing many performances of 
Higgelty Piggelty Fop!, the 
Oliver Knussen opera that had 
its second unfinished premiere 
at Glyndeboume in the sum- 
mer. But I would be surprised if 
Peter Maxwell Davies's Third 
Symphony, introduced in 
Manchester in February, re- 
peated at the Proms and now 
available on record, is not being 
played alongside his Eighth (the 
one with the solo nude cru ra- 
il o mist in the finale). And I 
would lake a bet on more being 
heard of two younger compos- 
ers, Judith Weir and David 
Matthews, both of whom seem 
to have made giant strides this 
year. It was not such a bad time 
for European music. 


Kenneth MacMillarf^fd 




TONIGHT and jan 9 ap.30pm 



_ a i iriui uib wiwbu uvu ui 

Irving Warule I Fury, whose history of ill heal 


Seats from 

£4.50 




Resen^tipris fO 1-240 1066/ 1 91 1 2-Accessv^^ 












finance and industry 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 


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If « nwKhci )uu have wm outright or a share of 
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Year ends on quiet note 


ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began. Dec 23. Dealings End. Jan 10. $ Contango Day. Jan 1 3. Settlement Day, Jan 2a 

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365 272 

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290 200 

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640 433 

170 8S 

230 1*0 

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3*3 155 

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461 359 

114 e> 

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128 55 

92 54 

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83 82 

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104 87 

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235 190 

31C 305 

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79 41 

149 114 

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235 IBS 

125 78 

365 S3S 

203 1» 

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PAPER, PRINTING, ADVERT G 


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190 B whaait 
583 BrhMc 
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THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


ExecutiveEdltorKenneth Fleet 


Fears for US growth as trade 
deficit heads for $ 160 bn 


IN BRIEF 


Mexico cuts 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The United States trade to $17.98 billion, with increased 
deficit is likely to have reached overseas sales of aircraft and 
$145 billion (£100 billion) last parts, office equipment and 
year and is expected to widen to agriculture products. Cars and 


as Slater was to Heath 


Margaret Thatcher, the grocer's daughter, 
from Grantham j is already ; the most; 
significant figure in the history of the City, 
of London as a financial centre. More than 
monarchy chancellors and Bank '.of 
England governors, she has-changed the 
City's shape and character -in ways which 
this year will become visible to every . 
naked eye. 

Within months of becoming Prime, 
Minister in 1979, Mrs Tlffl4chef liad sWept 
away price, dividend and exchange, 
controls, turning the City into an open 
market virtually unhindered by govern- 
ment restraint. On October 27 this year -- 
the day when stockbrokers’ fixed mini- - 
mum commissions officially disappear in 
one “big bang” - the City wHi become a 
truly competitive market. The Financial 
Services BIH, .which legislates for the 
perceived consequences. of deregulating 
the Stock Exchange/ is one of the most far- 
reaching measures pf this' or any other 
Parliament. The financial services indus- 
try, which extends across the spectrunl of 
m o ney-changmg, is about to experience 
the same discipline - harsh competition in 
a cold climate - whit* mann&[cttrnng 
industry had to bear oil the first Thatcher 
years. .7 ; 

Mrs Thatcher’s belief in xxtiEtiket forces is 
a doctrine the Gty understands and when 
applied to others, enthley 'supports. The 
privatization programme' is : a; : . double 
blessing: it pushes ingrown and bureauent- 
ticaliy run state mdnstries into the 
invigorating air of the private sector and 


creates profitable work for the Gty. The 
floating of British Telecom was a dream: 
stockbrokers made so much money from 
commissions alone that they were making 
gifts to charitable causes - an estimable 
thing but rare. 

As if the privatization jxpjpamine were 
not enough the Government’s almost 
complete withdrawal from the monopolies 
and mergers market has sustained a huge 
volume of remunerative takeover activity. 
The ordinary traffic of politics has 
occasionally shunted a contested bid into 
the Monopolies and Mergers. Com- 
mission; otherwise the Government has 
been content to let the Judgement of the 
market prevail. The new year dawns with 
six block-busting bids, each worth more 
than £1 billion and only one of them, so 
far.tincontested. 

The year of 

The Stock Exchange’s big bang bri October 
27 is but 299 days away, and. as 1986. 
bursts upon us it does not seem a day too 
long. The publication of the Financi al 
Services Bill a week before Christmas 
brought home to inany of the Gty*s 
practitioners the extent of the disarray 
surrounding the approach to the for-reach- 
ing changes about to break upon the 
business of investing and selling invest- 
ment advice. . 

The Bill was rushed out in a badly 
cobbled- together state before the. holiday 
to ensure that it caught the parhamentaxy 
timetable. Much remains to :be tidied in 
committee, not least the extent of the 
powers to be vested in the Securities and 
Investments Board by the. Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry. . 

That will have a direct bearing on the 
amount of autonomy which the selfregu- . 
latory organizations wilt enjoy under the 
SIB's aegis. Intense lobbying can Be safely 
predicted for the early weeks of the new 
year, but the signs are that Sir Kenneth 
Bernll will be taking an increasingly firm 
grip on his recalcitrant charges. He has 
already let it be known that the SIB will be 
more like New York's Securities and 
Exchange Commission than some of the 
cosier cliques in the Gty would like to see. 

The Stock Exchange,, which must at the 
outset have seen itself as the most senior 
of the SROs, has had an early taste of Sir 
Kenneth's acerbic logic. He has indicated 
that recognized investment exchanges 
should make their facilities available to all 
members of SROs. That would create the 


- Takeovers by more dynamic manage- 
ments of the sloths are the fastest way of 
restructuring industry. They are thus 
Thatcherism, in its true meaning of 
making British industry lean, fit and 
competitive, made real The opportunities 
have brought forw ard th e men, notably Sir 
Owen Green of FIR, Ralph Halpem 
(Burton) and the most totemic of all. Lord 
-Hanson ofHanson Trust. As James Slater 
was the emblem of the frenzied activity of 
the early 1970s, Lord Hanson is the 
symbol of the 1980s. Through successful 
takeovers and the rigid application of 
financial controls he has made a lasting 
impact on. major companies in several 
basic, slow growth sectors. 

Hanson Trust's fiercely opposed £1.9 
billion bid for Imperial Group will mark a 
major turning point - for Hanson, for the 
market and for Mrs Thatcher. Imperial's 
hard and ' determined Geoffrey Kent, in 
alliance with the Prime Minister’s favour- 
ite Anglo-Scot, Sir Hector Laing (United 
Biscuits, which has agreed a merger with 
Imperial) is capable of beating Lord 
Hanson in a bare knuckle fight. 

With the next general election in the 
forefront of ministerial minds, the climate 
of political opinion is already changing. 
Measures to improve efficiency - are again 
affecting asset -stripping labels and jobs are 
agreed to be more important that closing 
redundant factories. - 

Relationships between Government 
.. and Gty have now entered a deteriorating 
phase. Traders with very long memories 
are recalling the bad-tempered exchanges 
between this Government and markets as 
long ago as 1979. Honouring Gegg and 
cutting taxes at the same lime produced a 
collapse in confidence and interest rates 
soared into the upper teens. 

The Government was forced into a 
series of public disavowals of policy 
aberrations before markets were suffi- 
ciently soothed to allow business to 
-proceed as. usual The feet that the 
Government now appears to be boxed in 
on both fiscal and monetary fronts does 
not, of itself look like a vote-winning 
package. Both Gty and Government need 
to move with some care in 1986. 

Tempos choke, page 20 


$160 billion this year. The other manufactured exports 
deteriorating deficit will act as a hdd up well, 
rdcag on growth, forecast at 4 per However, imports surged by 

cent this year by the Adminis- 9.9 per cent to $31.66 billion, 
tration. with sharp increases in imports 

It also- raises doubts about of cars, telecommunications 
whether the dollar has fallen products and electrical machin- 


enoogb to begin eliminating ery. 

* : *. t 


America's trade imbalance. 


The deficit with Japan in 


The merchandise trade defi- November was $4.58 billion, a 
tit in November was a seaso- big increase on October's $320 
rally adjusted $1 3.68 billion, up billion. The deficit for the year 


US merdrandlse trade 
balance 

($ UHion} 

1S7S 

+1.7 

1976 

-17.3 

1977 

-392 

1978 

-424 

1979 

-40.4 

1980 

-36.4 

1981 

-39.9 

1982 

-42.7 

1983 

-69.4 

1984 

-123.3 

Jan-Nov198S 

-131 .8 

Source; US Department of ComrnarM 


Mexico is cuffing its crude oil 
dieted by the Reagan Adminis- prices by an average of 90 cents 
tration for this year, with strong a barrel, retroactive from 
consumer spending acting as the December I. This is the second 
engine for an overall growth decrease in a month, 
rate of 4 per cent are exactly The state petroleum mon- 
th osc in which the trade deficit opoly, Pemex, said the next 
could be expected to worsen, in price change will be announced 
spite of a more favourable "sometime towards the end of 


exchange rate. 


January,” Retroactive 


The 4 per cent forecast January 1. 
compares with an estimated 2.8 Mexico normally announces 
per cent last year, with the new prices during the last week 
minority of outside forecasters of every month, applicable to 
expecting little or no acceler- the first day of the following 


ation on growth. 


month, however. 


Pemex 


The Administration thinks source said the change was due 
that any rise in inflation as a to erratic conditions on the 


from SI 1. 45 billion in October as a whole will near $50 billion, worsening in thr* hw-a..™. result the dollar’s decline will world oil market, 

and against market forecasts of with a cumulative $44.6 billion imroitssuddrnlv become mIS ?** modesL A rate of Pw , , 

$11 foffion to $12 bffiioiL It already recorded for the first 11 exienriv?" bto 15 Projected, as measured by the BlltOll COIltraCt 

v.Ati.u* ft. j^ait fc. Aw* mnnti.. . ™ ”* *** “ “tier gj oss national product deflator. 


brought the deficit for the first months. 
11 months of 1985 to $131.8 The c 


billion, compared with Si 15.4 per cent against the mark over 
billion in the corresponding the past 10 months - on New 


UUlflS. imntnvernnnt nc- uouuuoi uiuuuul uciidiui, 

The dollar has fallen by 30 SS^SSUtKiSfSL 1 ^ against 29 per cent last year. . Britoii is to sign an agrc^enl 
r cent agtinst the mark over adjust w lhc new rales ' The optimistic growth fore- n . 

e nast 10 months - on New However, the strength of cast for this year was given a lake 100 I* 1 " cent ° - ^ r ® c - 


period of 1984. Year's Eve it dipped another imports well after the dollar’s boost by figures for new h 

November's deficit increase two pfennigs to DM244. fall suggests that the deterio- sales, released on Tuea 

also occured in spite of a Normally this would be ration in the trade balance has These rose by 7.7 per cet 
healthy export performance. expected to produce the so- further to run than was first November, recovering mo: 

Exports rose by 3 J per cent called J-curve effect of an initial thought. The conditions pre- October’s 7.8 percent drop. 


«■» uiv autugLu ui um im uua year was given a v. , : . . rs-.tr 

Year’s Eve it dipped another imports wen after the dollar’s boost by figures for new home SS^pre block m thc 

two pfennigs to DM244. fall suggests that the deterio- sales, released on Tuesday Thailand. The company already 

Normally this would be ration in the trade balance has These rose by 7.7 per cent in has onshore concessions in 

expected to produce the so- further to run than was first November, recovering most of Thai l a n d ~ 

called J-curve effect of an initial thought. The conditions pre- October’s 7.8 per cent drop. GltClillg IHCrgCr 

Oftel to step up scrutiny of BT SSAS 

will indicate whether suppliers Youngs Seafoods, to c reate a 
of services and equipment can business with turnover greater 
compete with Telecom and As Ross 

what measures might be needed Young s FojxJsemce the bust- 
— including curtailing Telecom ness will hold about 1 2 per cent 
activities — to ensure that ft 16 .frozen catering market, 
competition is encouraged. There is no plan to merge the 


institutions Oftel to step up scrutiny of BT 

hold key 


By BQ1 Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 
A series of investigations will 
1111 | H II II 1 4 be launched this year by the 
Office of Telecommunications, 
By Cliff Feltham the telecommunications indus- 

. . _ . , try watchdog, to ensure that 

. A last-minute .plea to City British Telecom does not abuse 
institutions to avoid a stalemate powerful trading position. 


in the £280 million takeover 
battle for Britannia Arrow has 


Oftel will examine any 
possible cross-subsidizing of 


come from Mr Alastair Morton, new services and check for any 
chief executive of Gunness unfair use of information 


Equipment supply is a large 

concern for Oftel and it wants , . . .. ... 

to make sure that Telecom is ICI has emerged »**«*£ 
not stifling competitors. “«* Profitable of the world s 

pharmaceutical companies bnt 

Professor Carsberg said: “We no British company is among 


of the frozen catering market. 
There is no plan to merge the 
retail side of the business. 


Peat, the bidder. 


obtained by Telecom about its 


Guinness Peat holds 29 per oetwork customers and for any 
cent of Britannia Arrow, a rival indictments to customers to buv 
financial services group, but a ^ equipment in preference to 
concert spearheaded by other suppliers. 

Mr Robert Maxwell the pub- Professor Bryan Carsberg, the 
lisher, has grabbed a 23 per cent director general of Oftel, said: 


holding. 


— r “1986 win be a year of making - - _ 

A large chunk of the Bn tan- the competition work. We will licensed and deemed to be a Companies buying BICC, the engineering and 

ma shares is tn the hands of assess how uiat is working in value added service - like P" vat l bra £i h construction group, has com- 

traditionally loyal small share- igg 7 ^ i 98 g and determine electronic mail or voice answer- < p ABXs) - electronic pie ted the sale of Boschert, the 

holders. the effectiveness of that compe- ing services - is expected to I lossmakin 8 manufacturer oi 


; are about to conduct a survey the top 15 in terms of total 
on apparatus supply. We will sales, according to the Strip 
seek to satisfy ourselves that no Pharmaceutical Company 
unfair inducements were made League Table. 

•- — to the customers when they 

Professor Carsberg: pursuit purchased equipment". 

of fairer competition Wiring is another area of 


Boschert sold 


Mr Morton said: “It is going | tinon." 


encourage more such compe- J supplier other than Telecom power supplies for the computer 


— — - — — — 0 UUUll. LllLUUlilKv jii^n t 3 UWU VUUJUv i . - , , i rr"“" 

to be tight. The outcome is in Cross-subsidization - where a tition. Oftel intends to ensure ™ v . e 10 P rovide their own and electronics industry in the 
the hands of the institutions. I service cost can be underwritten that Telecom gives them a fair wn * JJuij«d States, to Computer 

don’t think they would welcome from the profits of another, so chance to compete. If Telecom supplies the Products for $19 million (£13.2 


a stalemate where our offer providing unfair competition - 
failed, leaving us with nearly 30 mi issue which has been 
per cent of Britannia Arrow, Mr concerning Oftel as Telecom 


Maxwell holding nearly the] has expanded its range of considered as a value added that there could be an abuse. 


chance to compete. If Telecom supplies the Products for $19 million (£L 

Until now such computer eqipment the wiring can be million), 
networks - called data manage- rented, so minimizing the , » 

ment services - were not capital investment. Oftel fears jjfiQK 

that ihn-^mnl/f lv> an ahnCA ™ 


same amount, and the insti- j services. 


tutions ^ having a similar The decision by the Govern- The new licensing procedure expected to negoti; 
amount . ment on Monday to allow has been welcomed by Oftel , soon with Telecoi 

However, all the indications computer data networks to be whose investigations this year fairer competition, 
point to a close result when the 
offer closes at 3.30 pm tomor- 
row. 

The bid has been thrown into 
confusion by the intervention of 
Mr Maxwell, who, in addition! 
to his holding in Britannia,: 
acquired a stake ofj.75 million 
shares in Guinness Feat 
He has already started to sell 
some of the shares, seen as a 


sbnilar j The decision by the Govern- The new licensing procedure expected to negotiate a change 


SSritS. network. Professor Carsberg said he Henry Ansbacher & Co. the 

The decision by the Govern- The new licensing procedure expected to negotiate a change Ban. k Yokohama, First 
ment on Monday to allow has been welcomed by Oftel, soon with Telecom to ensure National Bank ot Maryland, 
computer data networks to be whose investigations this year fairer competition. and ^rust ee U Savings ^ ' Bank 

Scotland have joined the insti- 
tutions whose bills are eligible 
for discount at the Bank of 
England. 

Beecham deal 


possibility that the powerful international 
securities houses, embracing the likes of 
Goldman Sadis, Morgan Stanley arid 
Nomura Securitas, would be able, to have 
all the advantages of Stock Exchange 
membership without the disadvantages in 
terras of being bound up with the rule 
changes due to take place on the stock 
market in October. 

That serves only to underline how the 
balance of power is being tilted. It may be 
that the Stock Exchange, seeing the full 
extent of the forces arrayed against it, will 
mount a decisive rearguard action. But the 
old order has probably been condemned 
to a veiy short-term lease. 

The foreign invaders have already 
claimed a significant slice of market share. 
They have the money to see out the initial 
losses, pay. for the inevitable teething 
troubles and install the necessary regulat- 
ory safeguards. But their principal pre- 
occupation this year will be with the 
mundane housekeeping problems of 
lowering foe cost base and amassing an 
adequate corpus of trained staff 

There will be some forays into new 
marketing initiatives in 1986, but most of 
the big players expect to keep their powder 
dry until 1987 at least Some like the 
clearing banks and American Express and 
Gticorp, have an infrastructure which can 
he easily galvanized into a real force, both 
at the wholesale and retail levels. 

. But without the internal controls it will 
riot be feasible to strike out in what is 
certain to be a highly unpredictable 
battleground- 


tr, fell ures in England and Wales 

move to depress the Guinness ivS-th* firct timo in 


Business failures at 
a seven-year low 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 
The number of business the North-west, the West 


GEC sued 
in US 
by Plessey 


Peat price and frustrate the bid. 


fell last year for the first time In 
seven years according to a 


But the shares have shrugged ^ aSd am 

— with the 1984 figure and the 

T . j- * first annual fell since Dun & 

Trloyd s capacity Bradstreet began its survey in 

to underwrite . . ^ "*5 

• - An/ dations from 13,647 to 14,303 

increases 2!J% was offset by a sharp drop in 

bankruptcies among individ- 
By Alison Eadie uals, firms and partnerships. 

These fell by 18. per cenl to 
Lloyd’s of London's capacity 6,580. 
to write insurance business has Mr John Dawson, the public 


the North-west, the West 
Midlands and the North-east 
London and the South-east 
accounted for more than half 
the company failures in Eng- 
land. 


The North-west accounted General EJartric Company, 
for 1,934 company liquidations, alleging that GEC has failed to 
14 per cent of the total for extend its £1.2 billion takeover 
England. This was an increase offer to Plessey's American 


of 1 1 per cent over the previous 
year, but bankruptcies fell 8 per 
cent to 937. I in £S was to secure equitable 

The North-east was badly hit treatment for its 3,000 Amcri- 


Uj X 3Cj Pantry Pride of the US said it 

Rv Onr Rucinpce had 50,(1 Revlon's proprietary 

By Our Business products business, consisting 

Correspondent principally of Norcliff Thayer, 

The Plessey Company has for $360 million (£250 million) 
begun legal proceedings in the lo ? eecll ^ l l Holdings, the US 
United States against the offshoot of Beecham Group. 
General Electric Company, 

alleging that GEC has failed to HfiWlGV <513 KG 
extend its £1.2 billion takeover A anit * 3 

». * — Hawley Group has raised it: 

stake in 'Brengreen, the isdus 


United 


shareholders. 


The purpose of the proceed- trial cleaners, to 11.3 per ceni 
ings was to secure equitable from 9.7 percent 


increased from £6.6 billion in affairs director of Dun & 
1985 to £8.5 billion in 1986, a Bradstreet, said: “While corn- 


rise of 2 9 per cent. 


pany insolvencies rose by 52 


A total of 3,087 new mem- <"W 1984 - 

bers or “names" started under- ™ more than compensated by 


writing from yesterday, bringing a substantial decrease in down at 388 and bank 
the overall number of names at bankruptcies among mdivid- down 1 1 per cent to 398. 
Lloyd’s to 28,597. The increase «^s and private firms • Three out of fi ve « 

in capacity came more from t He to this, new directors have only a 

existing names, where nearly business growth remains strong knowledge of the Ins 
9,000 raised their premium “d business failure^ viewed An under which they o 
income limits, than from new ^thm the context of govern- personally liable if the 
nrmi ftC ment- statistics, are only ness collapsed, accordin; 


So 6 rSte DnS and butiness feUure^ viewed 
income limits, than from new wiUun the ranten of govern- 
names. ment- statistics, are only 

running at 1.4 per cent of the 
Alston Brockbank Agencies, a business world” he said. 

Lloyd’s ma n aging agent, has London and the South-East 
bought the managin g agency was the worst hit area for 


dations* 'ibis i^h^eSS th£ mo^ra^lSng^elibwSefy The newly knighted Sir Derek 

^^X^otd^thl Sd UdCd *° m 11,6 bl<1, ^ ^^fSoT^Sfas 

zdso fell declining by 4 per Plessey has lodged its com- chainnan of Bass, the bre wers 
SSto906 plaint with the Delaware district and he says in his annual report: 

Comply liquidations in the court, claiming that GEC is not 
East Midlands fell 6 oer cent to complying with us obligations exceeded that for the same 

undiuSted States hT even gnod of ffie prevmus year and 
per cent lower at 376. In the though the offer purports to the ondook is good. 

Eastern region, company liqui- have done so. ^ . 

dations were nearly 20 per cent The suit also claims that GEC A aAfniinfc 
down at 388 and bankruptcies has failed to make proper avvuuuu 

down 1 1 per cent to 398. disclosure of material facts that British Airways' report anc 

• Three out of five company Plessey shareholders in the accounts for the year to the end 
directors have only a sketchy United states need to know in of March were published on 
knowledge of the Insolvency order to decide whether to December 17 at the same time 


they could be accept or reject the GEC offer. as its imerin 
if their busi- GECs offer document stated half of the 


interim results for the first 
of the current year. On 


$83m sale at 
Union Carbide 

Union Carbide, the .US 
chemicals group, said it has 
agreed in principle to sell nearly 
all of its worldwide chromium, 

. tungsleni and vanadium metals 
businesses for $83 miflkm (£58 
million). 

The group said that with the 
previously announced sales 
agreements of engineering poly- 
mers and composites business 
for $210 million and its films 
packaging business for $230. 
million, total sdl-offc under its 
restructuring programmes had. 
reached $523 million. - 

Union Carbide said the seQ- 
offs would have little effect on 
reported earnings. 


Firms miss EEC loans 


business of Brooks & Dooley 1 company failures followed by 
(Underwriting) in an effective 1 
management buy-out. ABA will 
manag e mar ine Syndicates 588 
and 861, with a combined 
=— bf £ 2 i million, and run 


ent- statistics, are only ness collapsed, according to the fo® 1 “foe « not Tuesday The Times gave the 

lining at 1.4 per cent of the Institute of Directors. "“tie in, and this document publication date as last Mon- 

ismess world” be said. The institute is to launch a must not be distributed into, day. when the accounts were 

London and the South-East campaign to inform directors foe United Stales.” GEC said it made widely available to the 

is the worst hit area for about the contents of the Act, could not comment on Plessey’s public. We apologise for the 

mpany failures followed by which comes into force in April ®ction. misunderstanding 


Traders face tough adjustments 


. British businesses are faffing 
tomake the most of European 
Economic Community loans 
and .grants because theyare 
unaware of what is available, 
according to the Confede r a tion 
of British Industry. 

. The CBI today launches .a 
drive to inform companies 
about the various European 
sources of finance and to 
persuade them to take advan- 


tage of the schemes. 

A guide has been produced, 
which provides an outline of 
what is available including 
support for the regions. 
Finding Money in Brussels, d' 
Businessman’s Guide to Sources 
of European Community 
Finance, CBI Publication Sales, 
Centre Point, 103 Oxford 
■ Street, London WC1 A 1DU. 
£6^0 


1 1 n t <( — i tcvj i ;« * r— = i 


An offer of more than £2 
million is likely to be made to 
names on Syndicate 89 in the 
next few weeks in compensation 
for funds that were channelled 
into the Hdentia Marine In- 
surance Company of Bermuda 
by two former directors, Mr 
Raymond Brooks and Mr 
Terence Dooley. Mr Brooks was 
expelled by Lloyd's in Decem- 
ber 1984 and Mr Dooley 
suspended for 21 months. 




Latest dose and 
change on the year 
London 

£: $1.4460 (+0.2873) 

£: DM 3.5399 (-0.1 151 j 
£ SwFr 2.9752 (-0.0378) 

£: FFr10-8S05 HX3155) 

£: Yen 28956 (-1.84) 

£ Index: 77.9 (+4.9) 

New York: 

£ SI .4435 
fc DM 24410 
$ Index: 125.3 (-19.7) 

ECU £061 6334 
SDR £0.761787 


INTEREST RATES 


London; 

Bank Base: 11%% 

3-month Interbank 11 t y w -11 5 Y«% 
3-momh efiglbte bills: 
buying rate 11 

Prime Rata 9.50% 

Federal Funds 1014% 

3+nonth Treasury BWs 7,04-7,02% 
ao-yeer bond price 106lfa-106ft 


I lave never understood the 
passion in the Press for annual 
reviews. If you are profession- 
ally engaged in the business 
reviewed you should know it all 
anyway; if yon are not, you are 
probably uninterested. 

In any case, such surveys are 
usually too general to be usefiiL 
So this week let us take a stab at 
previewing London's com- 
modity and futures markets in 
1986. 

I think the coming year will 
be very important for London 
as a commodity centre. A wise 
professor once told me that all 
ages are ages of change. But 
some changes are marc far- 
reaching than others, and in 
some periods such changes are 
more numerous. 

We leave 1985 with the 
markets in a curious state. The 
contrasts are extreme. On the 
whole, the fundamentals have 
been pretty dismaL Commodity 
prices are still veiy low in real 
terms, and nobody can say 
when or how they will rise. 

The exceptions, such as 
coffee, are the result of unusual 
circumstances, and are offset by 
fells, the most spectacular of 
which has been o3L Slack 
industrial demand and sluggish 
consumer markets have allied 
with tightly restrained stock- 
holding to depress trading 
volumes, and with them com- 
missions. 

The London International 
Financial Futures Exchange 
(Iiffe) is the only one among 
the m ain markets that obvi- 
ously flourishes. Its foray into 
options has been successful, and 


COMMODITIES REVIEW 


some interest rate and bond 
contracts are trading respectable 
volumes. 

Against that, the London 
Metal Exchange (LME) is mired 
in the worst commodity crisis to 
hit the Gty in a generation. 

The London Commodity 
Exchange's (LCE) balance sheet 
is marked by several excep- 
tional items: the appointment of 
Mr Saxon Tate as the first full- 
time executive chairman; a 
serious search for new contracts 
which has led to the revived 
crude oil contract and, in 
conjunction with others, the 
Baltic International Freight 
Futures Exchange (Biflex); and 
perhaps its most telling achieve- 
ment in many years, putting its 
weight behind the now com- 
pleted formation of the Associ- 
ation of Futures Brokers and 
(AFBD). 

Next year will be the year of 
regulation. The passage of the 
investor protection legislation, 
however modified by lawyers in 
both Houses of Parliament, will 
alter the dimate and practice of 
London commodity trading 
more extensively than any law 
since the impostion of war-time 
controls. 

Although the law is, of 
course, intended for foe whole 
City, its impact on commodities 
trading will be particular. For a 
start, it was a series of 
commodity investment scan- 
dals which helped to set the 
legislative machine in motion. 

More substantially, the 


commodity exchanges were foe 
most unregulated - or the most 
self-regulated, according to taste 
- of the London markets. They 
will therefore find the adjust- 
ment to life under foe Securities 
and Investment Board, the 
AFBD, the Self- Regulatory 
Organizations, the Recognized 
Investment Exchanges and the 
other sets of initials sent to 
plague us, more onerous than 
mosL 

But this will not be foe only 
uncomfortable change. The 
shake-up just beginning at the 
LCE will proceed vigorously. 
The rearguard action to main- 
tain the present obsolete and 
positively disruptive structure 
of separate terminal market 
associations will be protracted, 
but ultimately futile. 

Mr Tate will enlist a high- 
powered PR man in bis 
campaign to reshape the LCE. 
His brief will be better to 
p rese nt foe case of commodities 
trading in the corridors of 
power. 

Structural changes must also 
lake place at the LME. The fall- 
out from foe tin crisis will bring 
improvement of the clearing 
and contract monitoring pro- 
cedures, the departure of several 
members, stronger adminis- 
tration, and perhaps foe abol- 
ition of foe dual board and 
committee. The tin contract, 
however, will survive. 

'While these organizational 
changes grind their way for- 
ward, there will be births and 


deaths among contracts. We 
already know of the LCE 
diamond and foe Biffex tanker 
rate contracts. Somebody, 
somewhere, may eventually 
produce a European Currency 
Unit contract, presumably on 
Liffe since foe initiative seems 
to have been grabbed from foe 
Grain and Feed Trades Associ- 
ation. 

The deaths may be foe new 
International Petroleum Ex- 
change crude oil contract, and 
perhaps one or two of Liffe's 
almost lifeless exchange rale 
futures contracts. 

Agonizing over the white 
sugar contract will continue. 
Rivalry between Liffe and foe 
Stock Exchange in options 
trading will mount. 

If it all sounds rather 
daunting, there is some good 
news. Commissions will start to 
rise as the bigger houses stand 
firm and refuse to lake business 
ai ridiculous rates. Volumes in 
some contracts, notably on 
Liffe, will increase solidly if not 
spectacularly. 

A Japanese government bond 
contract will add an important 
dimension to London's inter- 
national links. Some brokers 
may v anis h, bat the survivors 
will be in better health. 

It could be the year in which 
London commodities trading 
turns foe corner although it will 
certainly not be a madly 
prosperous new year. But it will 
be fascinating. Perhaps it will 
even merit an annual review. 

Michael Prest 


















THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


r 






11 


Colombia w ill open coffee World tea prices arc expected Platinum futures rose in New 
registrations for 550,000 70- to become firm this year after York. Speculators lifted the 
kOo bags this week, probably comparatively km prices In the + * - * , • - 

tomonw. » completing (hi seMwHuilfof 19*5. Forbes wd " i^P™» » “ 

first-quarter quota allocated to Walker, a Sri Lankan tea Lomex gold and -continued 
private exporters, broker, reported. unrest in South Africa. 


LONDON COfiSMOOfTY 

EXCHANGE 

ftMwrtnpparUe: 


cocoa bit par tom; 
Gee-ad «« l mgm to US S 

G W Joymaa and Co ropert 

RUttSA 

AS rxn*3 ontEJOtmt 

votrsi 

suaxft 

Ptowj 

Mv 

May 154.6-5WL 

Aug ____ 153.6-53.4 

Oc 164.0-63.6 

Doc — Unquoted. 

Mar .Unquoted. 

Vfl _____ Mfl. 

SUGAR 

(weal 

AlitTcrswirsfawi 

Vet Ni. 


cas cm. 

Jan 

f» 

Mar 

tor 

May 

Jim 

J*V 

JW 

! s— 


24275-4225 

_ 23625-3909 

22BOO-25W 

nss-iaoo 

...20450-0400 

20150-0125 

2G3M-1QC0 

SOIGO-COOQ 

___30500-* 19950 
779. 


SB.VER LARGE 

Cash 4003-4012 

Tlwoa months 412.0412.1 

va _2 

Tm „ Quito 

SS.VER SMALL 

Cash 40034013 

Throe months 4123412.1 

Vot M 

Ton# itS* 


COCOA 

Coe 

Mar 

May 



Sop 

Ok — 

Mr 

va 

C OF F EE 

Jar. 

Mar — 

May 

Jul 

StS 

riff* — 

Jar 

Vot 

SOYABEAN 

FK> 

55:.-— 

Doc 

Feo 

va 


EkwkJ 

1777-76 

7785-M 

1796-96 

1810-06 

1915-14 

- 1839-24 

2347. 


— 2890—2675 
— 2740-2730 
—279S-Z7S0 
-2860-2850 
— 2940-2829 
— 2060-295$ 
...3300-2950 
5421. 


—13000-2920 
—UC8C— 3220 
— *2960-2320 
— 12750-2700 
— 12900 -2850 
— 13000- 2300 
—13200-2900 
14S. 


LONDON METAL EXCHANGE 
Umfndal prfeas 
OMdtotanmer figures 
Prices to £p«r metric tom 
S8*«r in panca par my emca 
RudoC Wolff P Co. Lid. report 


CO PP ER WOH GRADE 

Cash .97150-97230 

Three months 9S3. 00-594 .00 

VM 7.400 

Tone — steady 

STANDARD CATHODES 

Cash 952. CO- 958.00 

Thiao mai ms 980.aw83.oo 

va ah 


ALUMNUN 

Cash 

Three months ._ 

va 

Tone 

NICKEL 

Cash — 

Three iWfltta _ 

va 

Tone 


.78130.78150 

_785.00786.00 

7300 

Steadier 


2,020-2,625 

2.8802,862 

812 

Steady 


MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD 


TOT 

Suspendoa 


LEAD 

Cash 

.-262^5-262.75 


.— Z7JL5tW73!MI 

va. 

5.100 

ZMCSTMOM0 

Cash 

_«7020-47 1.00 

Threamontfa ._ 

va 

NO 

•one —.-.-Hla 

ZINC MGH GRADE 

Cash 

88 

is 

¥ 

h 

va 

Tcne - 

1 


MEAT AND LIVESTOCK 
COMMISSION 
Average testa* prices to 
lepnanltohe markets oo 
D r- e m ber 31 

GBfcCato.9549pperKglw(- 
1 W31 p par kg est d 
OBEPfc*. 77 B4p per kg tw l-J. 

B^andandWUn; 

Came nos. us 9143 per cent, 
ave. price. 9 S.«b(-OJJ2j. 

Swap nos. up 6902 per cent, 
m. price, I903lp (19.72). 


LONDON GUAM FUTURES 
£ per tom 

When Barter 

onto Ooee ctem 

n £113.65 £113.90 

v £11835 £11330 

* £11935 £11170 


Sep £10030 £9930 

Hw £10330 £10230 

Volume: 

Wheat 237 

Beriey 118 


■ LONDON MEAT FUTURES 
EXCHANGE 
Uve Pig Contract " 
p-perido 

A> open prices se the tame n 
toe ct^ta prices. 

Moren open Clan 

J» 0933 933 

Fob 0983 saa 

Mar 0953 953 

Apr 0953 853 

May 0643 Bo.0 

Jon 094.0 943 

Jl4 0983 983 

Aug 0953 853 

Sop 0933 93.0 

Oct 0903 99.0 

Nov 0983 983 

UoLO 


Pig meat 
pLperMto 

Month Open Ctoee 

Feb 1013 101.8 

Apr 102.5 10 iS 

Jun 0993 993 

Aug 098.4 984 

Oct 1043 104.1 

Not 1052 1084 

VoL31 


LONDON 

potato futures 
£ per terms 

.“onto Coen Cton 

Feo 803 79.0 

Apr . S33 92.68 

May 9830 8830 

May 7720 78.10 

Nonr . 8730 8830 

V0LM1 


BALTIC FREIGHT MDEK 
GJU. Freight Futures Ltd report 
£10 per Index potoi • 

- Mgh/Low Ctose 
Jan 88 aAMffiS.fi SS63 

Apr as 88834653 968.0 

JuiBS . — 8363 

Oct 86 925-0-6223 9223 

Jan 87 — 1 6293 

Apr 67 1 0033-100530143 

Jut 87 — 870.0 

0OB7 9883687.0 9073 

Spot 898.0 VCL: 89. 


72.11-7 ZW 




OTHER STERL/NG RATES 


dollar SPOT RATES , 


3 




1243-12450 
1030*1050 
150*4170 


m 


rT7Ttr»-cr 


-500373100 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


End-year influences kept 
activity to a minimum on 
Tuesday. Period rates firmed up 
a touch in the morning, with the 
three months interbank, for 
example reaching 12 per cent 
bid Tor a brief period. 

By the close, however, rates 
had subsided again. The over- 
night rate opened at 11 %-V 4 per 
cent and closed at about 1 1 V- per 
cent after a low for tbe day of 8 
per cent 

BaseRateeX 

Clearing Banka Tl't 
Fmance House 12 
Discount Market Loaned 
Owmohc High IIS Law Tl'» 

Week uad: 11'rllH 

Treasury Bffls (Desccunt 
fjoyns Stoins 

2 months 1 I' 4 2 months 1 T a i S 

3 months It 1 ,, 3 months ii'. 

Prime Bank Btta (Discount %l 
1 month ii"*.tiL, Zmomhs ii**-!!', 

3 months 11V-11'- 6 months 
Traps BOs (Dlscowu *-j 

1 month ti** B 2 months 1 1*3 

3 months li ? , Smcnths tt u n 

boeiftortc r.i 

Ovem. 3 hL open HVI r 3 ooseir, 

1 week 1 1 *i*t t'j amontha ll'Vll' , a 
imondi it* P iii, 9 months ilV-IV* 
Smooths llVll^e 12 mends I1 n «-n^ 
Local Authority Deposits f%) 

2eays «•, roars in% 

1 month US 3mont» »1*« 

6 months | 1 >, 12 moans 11 V 


Local Authortty Bonde f%) 

1 tror-i 1Z i-U’i 2 months 

3 months 12V11** 6 months 

9m c f^s 11‘rliH 12 norths 
Storfag C£s (%! 
imera: 11’rliS 3 months 

6mcnthe l1 , VTl’ , it12Rwaths 
DoCarCD* r„i 

t TCr gi TW-730 3 months 

6 months 733-7.75 12 months 


Hi«pi Low Company 


Am* ITnst 
An] Amsr Sec 


735-7 00 
735-730 


EURO-CURRENCY DEPOSITS % 


7 San 8r&* 

3merths 8-r§ 
Deutschmaric 
7 days 3 a‘» 

Smcnths a'H - * 
French Franc 
7 say? 1u*r13 
3 months 1?r13^ 
Sntts Franc 
7 days Z'rZ'i 
3 menths iMe 
Yen 

“days 377i 
3 'txrShs 6' J -r47"n 


c a3 

1 month 
6 months 
can 

1 month 
6 norths 
s a» 

1 month 
6 months 
c afl 

1 north 
6 months 
can 

1 m a nm 
6 .-norths 


BmaraScim 
Ik aims, 
arEnamsa: 


Onnmfiom 
Ccnna 
Cmmacn 
Cetyhc 
_ DoCa o 
Osmui Ccno 
Bayun Fir EM 

ftnittn Japan 

OiyunFiemcr 

OurCMlxrt 

Edrr Imsr Amt 

EtMuran 

BsoncGM 


Otv Vld 

Ch'nr penn % p/c 


»t u u 

*a tom u 

*1 O 32 

-2 II U 

12b 2* 

OB OJ 

•I Ub u 

15 OS 
->1 SI u 

+i zn> i8 

ar u 

209b sr 
3.1k U 
Ub 38 
*5 30Ob <5 

1.1 u 


•2 148 U 

18 1.1 
+* 38a 08 

-2 112 35 

77 4.1 
-r, as 08 

*5b as 

Stb 20 
-4 SO 37 

IS 2 A 

ae 12 


1985 

Kian Low Company 


LonMenMKSsc 

LonTtVSl 


■c" .oar samt 

129 75i£3£7.2£-£2!L5C9 


579JS.79 SS [E54.00- 54. 75) 
•cjUSuHOS VAT 


F>ed Rato Stortirg usort Frsrce Scheme IV 
A-ierage re-'erence rato tor mtarest period 
Ncwrser 6. 1965 a Decamiv 3. 1985. 
it SIS oer cert. 


UiTljttDrtl 

UunyM 
■karsySima 
Morn VMttre 
NnrOMI _ 
Mntvuior 
ts» 

NMOroatncBS 
MwmiSvO 
Mh ASACGlC 
Ntn StoAstMs 


nv Vm 
Price CBDr ponce 4 


240 

1ST ■ .. 

283 • 

S40 

253 *1 

to 

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m *3 

70 • +5 

TO 
US 

181 • .. 

131 • *1 

119 
142 

315 • *3 

as 


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& & SKSS 


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ScDTAnwIcHt 

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Scalar 
354<i Scs(M#n:-A- 
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231 

313 +1 

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279 
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117 • .. 

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573 

139 ♦> 

88 • .. 

to 

128 • .. 

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91 • . 

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FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


aS? ’ ' ' v " v '-. ' THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


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00VCT7 UOMf) U«T UMMOEWirr 
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Pac'craru 
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CMC UMT muucue 
Mom Eurangi E33P3CN 
Cr-«58IErT 

3*1 1' 

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SiorOiB - £ 

'AJTOI m 

IHcCe ii 

Froonryaura H 

•jrMm Zo-ZXT-m 91 

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837 881* »rc 283 

M3 530* -08 180 

82X 9C5 *02 580 

:M4 1848 -tj 027 
331 418 203 

971 iraa* -0.1 OJB 
572 81 1* -07 448 

7Z4 71 4 -IS 234 


3ftS*Me:~ 1128 1170 BH 

O^Ecxy 17J9 185.1* *02 295 

GmrSWJ 2552 284 4 *17 321 

ILwai 7255 133S *05 223 

fre* 1*58 15*8 *04 058 

Pmoorys-wa 1901 2=30 *02 194 

S**mZ3S*r** -MS 1KJ4 *04 179 

Bruerl'd 1799 '582* *22 082 

QUOIMCSS MAHON UNTYMUsnUHAaCRS 
PC Bc» 4*2 3 S M*yoe-He LBOEKn BOP 3AJ 
B* -8233333 

»0>*=cria *58 41.1 -ZS 548 

■rAnr^JW 1X7 1392 *C1 031 

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THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 



I ga^SS 



~ PLEASE RETURN YOUR ACCEPTANCE FORM 

FOR 

THE MERCER OF 

BRITISH HOME STORES PLC AND HABITAT MOTHERCARE PLC 



NO LATER THAN 3.00PM 6TH JANUARY 1986 







We would alsoliketo wish our shareholders and customers a very happy and prosperous New Year 
and invite you to join us in celebrating the creation of Britain's most exciting new retailing group. 



'jiL'kMlji 


mm 


SEND YOUR ACCEPTANCE S/ 3.00PM GTH. JANUARY 1986 TO BARCLAYS BANK PLC. NEW ISSUES DEPARTMENT, P.0. BOX 123. FLEETWAY HOUSE. 25 FARRtNGDQN STREET. LONDON EC4A 4HD 


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finance and industry/sport 


TEMPUS 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


Westland may hold the key 
to markets in 1986 


Trader* spent the run-up to shares they have lost in the 
Christmas enthusing over the past four years or so. 
resurgence or London share Fears of an imminent shift 
prices. But performance, like in the balance of world 
truth, is relative. Compared corporate power certainly fea- 
wiih other world bourses, lure in European boardroom 
London was pedestrian. discussions. The Westland 

Looking at world markets in affair is almost a cameo 
sterling terms, London man- version of what might take 
aged an improvement of 16 per place in the course of the next 
cent A random selection of the two years or so. Boosted by the 
rest of the European bourses high value of their paper, and 
shows Austria pushing ahead with earnings booming on the 
by 101 per cent, France by 47 back or the recent devaluation, 
per cent. West Germany by 74 American companies sweep 
per cent. Italy by 81 per cent, into Europe, acquiring all 
and Switzerland by 48 per cent before them, 
in world terms, London out- A victory, in theory, for the 
paced Wall Street, lagged Americans would solve a 
behind Hong Kong, and kept number of the government's 
pace with Tokyo. problems. The London market, 

This dismal showing would propelled by bid hopes from 
be cf marginal importance, the Americans, could well take 
were it not for the wholesale off thereby minimizing the 
politicization of the London impact of the asset sales later in 
market which stems from the the year. The latter part ofl 985 
privatization programme. The has shown how takeover 
Government is publicly com- rumours can fuel a market. In 
mined to raising cash through the bid fury, of course. large 
the equity market lo oflset the chunks of what is left standing 
impact of its more expansio- in British industry would pass 
nary fiscal policy. A weak into American hands. 

market, with huge “dog" stocks ™. T . . 

overhanging it. could become 1 Iguter pOllCIGS 


Price 

General Electric Co 

166 

Grand Metropolian 

398 

Inchcape 

303 

Meyer International 

186 

Triplevest Trust 

770 


even weaker during 1986. 


Is this, whisper the bean, the And if Mr Heseltxne wins? 
end of the road for what has ^ Li1c °f argument .so far 
been one of the most bravura "courages «*« ^ew that this 
examples of government in would amount to slamming the 
modern times? As the oil d °° r on U ? b,ds lo fin , d a 
begins to run out. and a 5 hea P «?. » m ° Europe, Lop- 
commiiment to low inflation don ™ dd Probably ■ suck in 
targets apparently ruling out a dlc V? nd of !. thc *® st ff* 
compensating devaluation, is raont hs. declining 1 it the 
the Government poised to re- P"** 58 lo K0 °? .°[ 

enter thc policy straitjacket belo .'* l as P° Ucics 

which has shrouded so many of P 1 *!? 1 , . f , 
its predecessors? , ,0 5 c of thc argument is 

Bulls and bears alike arc 

GmSnmMt^has^show-i? 11 ? lhc Wtffor Westland on a kind 

°mSr a bui“ .JEW 

mainly be redrawing ihe pilch Phf rf '^r^nfh^r 

that the game had even started. T^e po anbaUbr a com n;m.- 

Can MrsTbaichcr do I. again? 

T TC pvnnrtc Year of Ti S er " shouId 

CA P U1 ls encourage investors to be 

The Westland imbrolio as- shrewd rather than bold, 
sumes a seminal importance in concentrating on special situ- 
j this context. The US has aiions, not sectors, and reeov- 
m an aged to secure a very cry slocks rather than out-and- 
competiti vc devaluation, out bid speculation buys, 

through the G-5 agreement. Timber companies arc no- 
which ought to benefit US toriously cyclical so their 
corporates very substantially in shores offers all the thrills of a 
about 13 months’ time or big dipper. Thc downside can 
however long it takes for the make you queasy but thc 
“J” curve effects to work upside blows the mind. The 
though. Thc American net next 12 months should see the 
export position ought to turning point, benefiting the 
improve, with US corporates sector as a whole and Meyer 
clawing back from their Euro- International, in particular, 
pean competitors the market Meyer's profits are still 


under pressure and could even 
fall slightly in the year to 
March. Thereafter they could 
rise from £29 million to more 
than £40 million in two years. 
That reflects the effect of a 
slight increase in demand on 
huge fixed costs, notably stocks 
of imported timber. 

At 186p they are trading on 
only nine times this year’s 
likely earnings. 

Consumer spending looks 
set fair for another buoyant 
year so Grand Metropolitan 
(398p). the Beroi Inns, Wat- 
neys and Intercontinental hotel 
group, should perform well. 
The company has sorted itself 
out in recent months, buying 
businesses in America, predo- 
minantly in lhc health care 
industry, and selling dull 
performers. 

This year should see profits 
rise from £347 million to 
between £380 million and £390 
million, suggesting a p/e ratio 
of nine. That is well below the 
market average, a fact which 
says more about the City’s 
view of Grand Met's recent 
past than of the company's 
prospects for 1 986. 

For an investment with a 
difference, we recommend one 
of the select group of split-level 
investment trusts. The peculiar 
feature about these trusts is 
that they have to be wound up 
and their assets distributed to 
shareholders at some specified 
date in' the future. Like the 
shares of other investment 
trusts, they tend to trade at a 
discount to net assets but the 
fixed life of split-level trusts 
means that the discount is 
bound to disappear by the time 
the trust is wound up. 

Share package 

We particularly like the look 
of Triplevest Trust, run by 
Montagu Investment Manage- 
ment and Schroder Wagg. At 
770p. the capital shares are 
currently trading at a discount 
of some 34.5 per cent to the 
value of net assets, as esti- 
mated by Laing & Cniick- 
shank, the broker. That dis- 
count should disappear before 
the trust is wound up. anytime 
between 1987 and 1991. 


Investors looking for income ; 
as well as capital gain could 
buy a package of, say. four 
income shares to one capital 
share to give an average 
discount of 24 per cent and a 
yield of 5.4 per cent 

For the recovery stock of 
1986 we are looking to 
Inches pe, the overseas trading 
group. Last year the shares 
collapsed from 4S5p to a low of 
293p. but they seem to have 
turned the comer in recent 
weeks. Yesterday they were 
trading at 303p. 

The reason for this has 
probably more to do with 
expectation of the new man- 
agement than with the com- 
pany's trading. With Far 
Eastern markets such as Singa- 
pore and Malaysia depressed, 
this alone is unlikely to attract 
much of a following. 

Tough style 

But George Turnbull, the 
new managing director, could. 
He look up his position more 
than a year ago after a 
successful career in the motor 
industry and it looks as if his 
tough style may be just what is 
needed to make Inchcape 
perform. 

At their current level the 
shares yield more than 9 per 
cent, which is a frill point 
higbter than the p/e ratio. That 
suggests a re-rating is in order. 

Our punt of the year is The 
General Electric Company 
U66p). the idea being that a 
Plesscy-GEC combine could 
beat the worid and British 
Telecom. 

The attractions of the acqui- 
sition for GEC shareholders are 
undoubted. The offer has been 
pitched so that GEC could 
even increase the terms with- 
out any fear of earnings 
dilution. And that is before 
counting in the huge savings 
that would arise from putting 
the two groups together, or the 
competitive adge the group 
would then have. 

There are. however, one or 
r.vo risks with this purchase 
which we readily acknowledge. 
First. GEC may not succeed 
with its bid. at least not at its 
current level. There is also 
seme doubt as to the position 
of thc Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. 

At w-orst. without Plessey, 
the shares are likely to continue 
to underperform the rest of the 
market but they are hardly, 
likely to collapse. At best the J 
g 2 in could be tremendous. 1 


appointments 


Samuel Montagu & Co: Sir 
'Michael Faffiserhas resigned as 
chairman, but will remain on 
the board as a non-executive 
director. He will condone as 
chairman of Samuel Montagu & 
Co (Holdings). Mr H. F. B. 
Logan has become chairman 
and will remain deputy chair- 
man of Samuel Montagu & Co. 
(Holdings). 

Alfa-Lavel Engineering: Mr 
Lars Hal den has become 
chairman. Mr Bo Wirsen has 
been made managing director. 
Mr John Bryan and Mr Frank 
White have also joined the 
board. 

UKO International: Mr 
Darid Cutler has joined the 
board as finance director. 

Cantrell & Conchrane Group: 
Mr George Duncan has become 
a director. 

Reliance Mutual Insurance 
Society: Mr L. M. Etheridge 
has been made an executive 
director. ' 

Port of London Authority 
Board: Captain Malcolm Edge, 
Mr Alexander Macintosh and 
Mr Andrew Smlthexs have been 
re-appointed to the board for a 
further three years. Mr Michael 
Boughton has become a director 
for two years. 

Yorkshire Chemicals: Mr 
Derek Byrne is made chief 
executive designate of the 
speciality products division. 

Hiram Walker & Sons (Scot- 
land): Mr A- A. Cunningham 
has been made managing 
director. .Mr J. W. Lawrie is 
now production director and 
Mr YV. Thornton is director of 
finance and administration. 

Lloyd's Aviation Under- 
writers' Association: Mr D. J. 
Peachey had been re-elected 
chairman Mr J. P. Tilling is 
now deputy chairman. 


■ ** 


. , 1 * 


-• •• ••• 

V- ’ - V jj* 


Sir Michael Palliser 

John Govett & Co: Mr 
Dwight Makins has been made 
managing director. 

Watmoughs: Mr Colin 

Cawood and Mr BDI Cowgill 
have become directors. 

On the Unlisted Securities 
Market the newcomer. Sigmex 
International, an electronic 
engineer, traded at 105p. a 
modest premium over the IOlp , 
placing price. Given the circum- 
stances of the debut - one of the 1 
quietest trading days of the year 
- that was a comfortable 
performance. 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 


Uaigate shares up 13p amid 4 

By Pam Spooner 


akeover talk 


The old stock market year 
went out in true 1985 style, with 
tales of huge mergers keeping 
market men in business. 

There was talk that Unigate 
will be thc next multi-million 
pound group to receive a bid 
from a company smaller than 
itself - in keeping with the 
examples set by Argyll Group 
and Distillers, Elders EXL for 
Allied-Lvons. United News- 
papers for Fleet Holdings and 
G trices 5 Peat Group for Britan- 
nia Arrow Holdings. 

The potential bidder for 
Unigtac is HHIsdown Holdings, 
thc market men say, with 
Hilisdown valued at £385 
million, against £525 million for 
Unigate. Both values are based 
on Tuesday’s share prices of 
203p. up 7p, for Hilisdown and 
23Sp, up 13p, for Unigate. 

HiiLsdowu has been on an 
aggressi’-c acquisition trial, 
picking up the furniture maker, 
Walker i Homer, and Need- 
ier. the sweets company and 
having a bits at Pyke Holdings. 

But these takeovers by 


Hilisdown are small fry com- 
pared with any attempts on 
Unigate, and a big issue of 
Hilisdown paper looks to be the 
way to do it. As a result, the rise 
in the Hilisdown price is being 
put down to support from the 
foods to furniture group's 
broker, Hoare Govett. 


Mr Christopher Chaitow, of 
the broker, Simon & Coates, 
pots a strong buy tag on 
Babcock International shares. 
He expects the price to break 
sharply out of its 130p-180p 
trading range and head for 220p 
in the short term and 270p 
beyond. However, analysts of 
the fundamentals at Babcock 
consider that it will not make 
the hoped for profit of £40 
million this year. 

Thc City firm denied any 
such action on Tuesday, saying 
the rise in the Hilisdown price 
had come from end of the year 
share tipping by another brok- 
ing firm. A spokesman said: 


“We have not been buying the 
shares aggressively." 

Nevertheless, other market 
traders heard that Hilisdown 
has bought a 3.3 per cent stake 
in Unigate, and the preciseness 
of that figure helped raise hopes 
among the speculators. Dealers 
saw one big buyer of Unigate 
shares and were willing to hope 
it was a potential bidder. 

If it was Hilisdown - or, 
indeed any other predator - it 
looked a ham-fisted way of 
beginning a takeover, making 
the buyer much too obvious. 
More sedate market traders 
thought the reason for the leap 
in the Unigate price was simply 
a leading institution taking a 
bullish view of the shares. 

Elsewhere, there was more 
action on the Beecham Group 
front, but not the type of 
business the speculators like. 
Beech am shares lost 7p to 56lp 
as all rumours surrounding the 
drugs and household products 
group were finniy denied by its 
merchant bank. Hill SamuaL 

Mr George Stuart-Clarke told 


the City there has been no bid 
approach from Unilever and no 
thought of a defensive link-up 
by Beecham with Guiness. the 
drinks group. 

That was a disappointment 
for these who had been hoping 
to see yet another takeover 
among ice top 30 shares, 

Shares m Pyke Holdings, the 
meat supplier, jumped 20p to 
395p on Tuesday as the climax 
of the bid from hilisdown 
Holdings draws near. The two 
boards have agreed terms - 
valuing Py ke at 435p a share at 
the last closing price. The 
Hilisdown offer closes on 
Monday, but market men hear 
that Mr Terry Ramsden will 
make a fnlL rival offer. 

though zhz relatively small 
slippage in the Beecham share 
price suggests such hopes still 
survive. 

For the rest of the leading 
shores there was little action. 
The F7-3-0 share index ended 
1935 on a defl note, down 1.6 


( COMMERCIAL PROPERTY ) 

Penman’s £100m plan set for court test 

By Judith Huntley 


The battle to develop a £100 
million i usury shopping centre 
at Enderby near Leicester 
continues into the New Year. 
The Penman Group, the 
developer proposing the 1.25 
million square foot out-of-town 
development is taking its case 
to the High Court after having 
its plans turned down for a third 
time last October after a three- 
year fight. 

The plan which aims to give 
Leicestershire “West End" 
shopping facilities in a scheme 
developed by a private com- 
pany speaks volumes for the 
present planning and appeal 
system. .After prolonged and 
expensive hearings, litigation 
and public inquiry, Mr Kenneth 
Baker. the Secretary of State for 
thc Environment has now 
decided that the very crux of thc 
argument against the scheme 
called Centre 21 no longer 
stands. 

Concern over the impact of 
such a large retail plan on city 
centre shopping in Leicester 
focused on an impact study by 
the developer reveling that 
trade would be hit by about 10.6 
per cent Mr Baker turned the 
scheme down again in October 
arguing that this level of impact 
was unacceptable. This is 
despite the fact that previous. 


findings including those of the 
Department's own inspectors 
accepted that level as normal 
growth and allowable compe- 
tition. 

Mr Derek Penman, the 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of Penman Group, says that 
thc High Court action, to be 
heard oa January 22. is being 

taken over the decision of Ihe 
Secretary of Slate. 

But even if the hearing goes 
in Mr Penman’s favour he is 
well aware of the fact that the 
Mr Baker could still refuse him 
planning permission. If that 
happens Mr Penman will take 
anion for damages over his 
plans for the £100 million 
development The court costs 


to-datc on the developer's side 
alone are over £ 1 00.000. 

Previous arguments over the 
impact studies, conducted for 
the developer by G. L Hearn & 
Partners, hinged on new evi- 
dence being brought forward by 
the local authorities concerned 
which might dispute the 10.6 
per cent figure. The firm of 
Drivers Jonas was com- 
missioned by Leicester City 
Council to undertake as inde- 
pendent impact study which 
came up with a figure nearer to 
a 20 per cent drop in trade for 
the city centre. 

This evidence was produced 
»n court but seems to have had 
little impact as Penman won its 


case :c stop another inquiry and 
make sfca Secretary of State 
issue a decision immediately. 
This resulted in another refusal I 
by Mr Baker on the grounds 
that a !0.6 per cent drop in 
Leicester’s city centre trade was 
unacceptable. And that decision 
had led to the High Court 
hearing ca January 22. 

Centre 21. if it finally obtains 
panning perm; si on. would be a 
regional shopping centre aimed 
at the upper end of the market. 
Mr Penman argues that the 
development will do little to 
harm day-to-day shopping in 
Leicester as he says he is gearing 
a tenant-mix to cater for luxurv 
goods. 


Election could hit office development 


Next May will be a crucial 
month for Reading. Berkshire. 
The local election could bring a 
change in the political colour of 
the council and that in turn 
could lead to an embargo on 
new office development in thc 
town centre. It is also the date 
for the review of thc central 
Reading district plan which will 
outline the amount of land to be 
released for schemes in the 
heart of the town. 


A report from Reading's 
planners has given politicians a 
range of options for controlling 
development from an embargo 
to the release of sites 
The review of tfie Berkshire 
County Structure Plan was 
finalized on Tuesday and it is 
due to be read soon by Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for thc Environment. The 
plan at present allocates 
600,000 sq ft of office space for 


Reading between the years 1984 
to 1996. Bui present commit- 
ments leave only 150.000 sq ft 
more for the whole period. 

The examination in public of 
the Structure Plan Review is 
due next July, ar.d wiQ hinge 
around the amount of new 
housing the country will be 
expected to swallow. 

AH this comes when the once 
beleaguered Reading office 
market looks set for a revival. 


points at 1131.4, and the FT-SE 
100 share index dipped a point 
to 1412.6. Trading volume was 
a lowly 1 8,379 baigains. 

On the Hanson Trust-Im- 
perial Group bid front there was i 
further talk of a raid on the 
latter’s shares by Hanson, 
though there was little sign from 
the Imps share price. Market 
men consider that Monday or 
Tuesday will bring excitement. 

There was some movement 
among second-line issues. 
Westland, the helicopter maker, 
dipped 5p to 88p as the City 
waits for more news on the 
rescue front 

• Traded options business 
suffered from the end of year 
slowdown, with total volume 
for the day reaching just 6,984 
contracts traded. Of those, 
2.734 were accounted for by the 
Stock Exchange index option in 
which T uesday was the Decem- 
ber expiry date. 

Elsewhere, there was little 
sizeable demand, though GEC 
saw 459 and Beecham 532 
contracts traded. 

COMPANY NEWS 
IN BRIEF 

• STAVERT ZJGOMALA: In the 
half-year to Sept 30. 1985. turnover 
rose from £236.000 to £3434)00. 
while pre-tax profits were up from 
£28.298 to £37,548. Earnings per 
ordinary stock unit rose from 6.64p 
to 8.8p. 

• JA DEVEMSH: Mr R S 
Hargreaves, the chairman, reports 
in ms annual statement that the 
company has now put ihe majority 

of hs exceptional costs behind it and 

has made “substantial invest- 
ments", which be is confide nr will 
produce the profit growth, "which 
we all wish to see in the years to 
come. 


BcCENT ISSUES ’ 


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SESSffl 






The smallest car in the Paris-Dakar rally sets off from VersaBIes yesterday- The Cfboen 
2CV, driven by the Frenchman, Pierre David, was cheered [away J»y some of tte crowd 
300,000. Police removed 40 demonstrators who tried to disrupt the start of the rally by ., 
sitting down in the middle of the road. The demonstrators were pro testing az the event 
which, they said, “represented a monstrous waste in a continent whose people were . 

d ramaticall y impoverished" 


YACHTING 


-OndOW] 


■ n io) Min 

BriMIKilM 


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i Nu n 
[2601 NH M 
1473) NdW 

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Fleet closing in on 
NZI Enterprise 

From John Nicholls, Auckland 

The finishing s ta g e* of thc second 300 mifa* of the finish at midday 
kg of Uie Whi thread Round the yesterday. However, bead winds 
World Race, from Cape Town io will stretch that distance and the 
Auckland, are in complete contrast local experts expect thc lead ers t o 
to the fust. Then, gales decimated come in tonight or tomorrow 
the leaders and seriously affected morning. 

the long term prospects of several of UBS Switzerland (Pierre Feb- 
the 15 yachts. This time lighr winds Imam), which finished first in the 
axe hampering the approach to POrtsouth/Cape Town leg. was lying 
Auckland and progress of the fleet third yesterday, but lo windward of 
during the post few days has bom the leaders and possibly better 
painfully slow. The leader on the placed to round the north cape of 
water. NZT Enterprise, for example. North Island before turning south 
covered only 90 miles in the 24 for Auckland. The British entry, 
hours up to midnight on Tuesday Drum (Skip Novak) was placed 
and was being caught as the boats fourth with about 460 miles to go, 
astern found more wind. well ahead of her near sister ship 

tte ted over Atlantic privateer Lioa Neg ZMhnd q’ ete B Uke) 
(Peter Kuttd) was reduced io only BIalre 1138 ? ex ®“? e Iosutg 
23 miles, but these two boats were o^ U Mn nrfn v°n i 

still wefi ahead of thc rest. If Digby S* 

Taylor in NZI Enterprise can hang 

on and finish first he is sure of an '£?££'■£?!£ 

overwhelming reception when he ‘ 


overwhelming reception, when h 
reaches the waterfont here. Boatin 
of one sort or another is thc secon 


reduced by a quarter of a knot and 
the rudder is continuing to break up. 


wws avu ui iuiuuici uic xwuu r. ■ ■ t-i.. ■ „ «i 4 . _ 

I most popular participant sport in 
| the area after rugby and interest in 
the race is considerable- A New 

Zealand winner of the 7.100 mile leg X! 

to New Zealand would set the ptace 

60 be used if the rudder foils 

This is the longest leg of the race completely, 
and was covered in 30 days by CEsprit (TEquipe (Lionel Pean. 
Flyer, the eventual race winner in France) the handicap winner of the 
the previous race four years ago. To first leg looks Eke being overtaken 
beat this lime the leader must finish on this leg by Ptulis Innovator (Dirk 
by 2.30am on Saturday. It ought to Nauta, Netherlands) which is 
be done, given that NZI Enterpise leading oa the water by over 300 
and Atlantic Privateer were wi thin miles. 

Supporters hope to raise 
£lm for British entry 

By Adrian Morgan 


A British America’s Cup sop- 
porters club has been formed in a 
belated attempt to involve the 
public in the Royal Thames Yacht 
dub's 1987 challenge. The British 
Challenge Cub aims to raise £1 
million towards the cost of 
campaigning Crusader, the 12- 
metre. named by Princess Diana ra 
December, and the sister ship 
nearing completion on the Hamble. 

The British Challenge Club, 
which offers members a newsletter 
and discount on America’s Cup 
merchandise among other bene fi ts; 
has two different categories of 
membership - individual and 
corporate. Annabel Croft, the tennis 
player, is likely io be one of the first 
members. 

April Tod. organizer of the dub, 
said: “At present the challenge is 
being underwritten by one man. 
Graham Walker. We hope to raise 
£1 million on behalf of the British 
public, but if we make more we will 
be very happy". The club’s address 
nc Second Floor, Ryman House. 39 
Markham Street, London SW3. TeL 
01-731 6258. 

Recruiting started yesterday for 


the 1986 Young Yachtsperson of the 
Year - a nationwide «uwjm%n fixst 
held last year, for the outstanding 
young under- 1 7 sailor of the season. 
The competition is all-round test of 
sail ability and includes seamanship 
tests, racing heats and a theory 
paper. The regional trials will 
culminate at a weekend at the Plas 
Menai National Sports Centre, 
North Wales. 

Every competitor will be asked to 
raise sponsorship for the Associ- 
ation for Spina Bifida and Hydro- 
cephalus (ASBAH). The organizer is 
Sue Stamps, ASBAH, 22 Upper 
Woburn Place; London WC1H 0EP. 

A new event for the surfing / 
windsurfing calendar is planned for 
the spring involving the three 
separate yet inter-rekued sports of 
surfing; windsurfing and speedsafl- 
ing. This “traithlon will be held at 
SaiH'ton Sa n ds, Devon, an area 
con s id ere d ideal for the event, 
comprising a sandy beach four miles 
by half a mile wide at low tide with 
small adjacent bays. The windsurf- 
ing secuon will include a 20-mile 
event and wave-riding and jumping 
events. 


Race jury 
declare 
no winner 

Hobart, (Rente) - Organizers of 
the Sydney-Hobart race annoraced 
yesterday that there would be no 
winner in the 1985 yachting classic. 
The ruling by the race committee is 
certain to nod Is the c on t ra re r ay 
which has smomded the 1985 race 
since the provisional winner, 
Drake's Prayer, the Australian 
yeacht, was penalized afire a 
successful protest, by Sagacious, 
placed second. 

Gordon Marshall, the . race 
director, ■■ "ffwnfd that first place 
on corrected time ', would remain 
vacant following the application of a 
40 per cent penalty to Drake's 
Prayer by an international yachting 
jmy- 

The jnry upheld a protest over an 
Incident involving Drain's Prayer 
and the maxS-yacht Ragamuffin 
during the- crowded race start in 
Sydney harbour on December 26. 

Marshall said there was no 
provision in the . rales governing .the 
race to fin a vacancy in foe ptar-fag B 
if a yacht was peaalbed and dropped 
down the finishing order. Thetebre. 
Sagacious would stay in second 
place. But, alter the relegation of 
Drake's Player to 73rd place. 
Sagacious was the fastest- yacht oa 
corrected time and would be 
awarded the trophies for fastest time 
. and for the winner of dfrfskm eight. 

Hummingbird, plnced titicd ond 
SBver Mime, placed tomtit, wffl now 
take the trophies for second and 
third respectively on corrected im^. 
Division A * trophies wiB.. ;go .to 
Tho ndcrfaird, Challenge iif and 
WHd Oats, which finished behind 
Drake's Prayer in the provisional 
platings. They will remain fisted as 
second, third and fourth in division 
A. Spirit ofQneensfamd wfil lake the 
. thud plane vacated by Ragamuffin, 
which has . been relented to 146 th 
on corrected time afire its 40 per 
cent penalty. 

Marshall said the cm i naltfee 
would amend its rales for the 1986 
race to allow the field to be stepped 
op one place to fin any vacancy left 
in the first three by a pesaftbei 
yacht. He described the . riding 
affecting Sa g acious ms a technicality 
that it would hare been desirable to 
avoid, bat said the rides could not be 
amended retrospectively. 

New challenge 
from US 

New ymfc (AP) - The America IT 
ch a llen ge, organized by the New 
York Yacht Chib and IMted States 
Merchant Marine Academy Foun- 
dation, will compete fas the 1986 
world l&mete championships in 
Australia. 

The entry of America II marks 
tin first time a 'New York' Yacht 
Clnb 12-metre yacht has entered a 
regatta prior to the AmcricaVCap 
competition. 


‘ : 

f ^ >• ■ ; 

■ft?*" ■;= 


* • 


Sweet rt 

(thralli 

ktniflfo 1 ' ‘ 






SS:... 

BBt 

■f ?•=-■ 

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Shfe*-" 


Net to catch the salmon shark Murray 


By Conrad Voss Bark 

The BUI which the Government 
hope will reduce the considerable 
Mack market in illegally eanghr 
salmon wfU have its second reading 
io Ihe House of Lords fairly soon 
when we may turn a clearer idea 
how effective it wifi turn oat to be. It 
is in tend ed to be a Don-controversial 
measure which can be supported by 
both c ommer c ia l and sporting 
interests to deal with the growth of 
gmg poaching which has become a 
considerable menace in recent years. 

It is not, by any means, an answer 
to the de man ds of conservation 
bodies for a national <ahnm 
conservation policy, one which 
would include a ban on all drift 
setting in England and Wales as 
was dene in Scotland in 1962, and a 
bain or nylon monofilament nets. 

The BID'S sub p urpose is to' 
create a new offence in Scotland, 
Eng land, and Wales of posessing 
te flMM h Meeting, or bavin reason- 
able grounds fin 1 bc B ev ag . the 
salmon tobare been illegally taken. 

la Scotland this is to be reinforced 


FISHING 


by a system of dealer licensing, as 
with game, but not for En gland ami 
Wales, presumably because of a 
strong foMy against licensed dealers 
by BitUngsgate and Fishmongers* 
HalL 

A large part of tite Bill Is taken op 
by proposal* for reforming the 
Scottish- 1 District Fishery Boards, 
which some riparian owners may 
draiar, but we must wait for more 
infimatioa oa second reading to 
judge its effects. 

In addition to the BDI, drift 
netting re mai ns in Kng fat w# ud 

Wales bat the Northumbrian fishery 
which takes something like 60,000 
salmon in t se a s o n so their way 
hack at Scottish east coast rives 1 *, 
mainly Tweed, is to be restricted to 
some extent. 

The main conservation bodies - 


Atlantic Salmon Trust, Salmon 
Conservancy, and Trout Association 
- have welcomed what they hope 
may be an effective a ttempt by 
Government to *»Hrfe tire *»!*** 
market in *»iwwn — though why 
should En gla nd and Wales be left 
out of Deemed dealing? — bat are 
disappointed that no -effective 
measures of conservation are to be 
brought hi for what they hare been 
lobbying for a nnmber of years. 

Thai conservation is orgeat can be 
seen by the latest .United Nations 
figures of world catches of salmon 
which show a considerable deefine 
sum 1967, when smme 2,758,066 
salmo n were cakes by commercial 
interests and Mg i wv in' the hwm* ' 

Waters «T —limw^mfjihriw g - MViiw , 
a figare which bad dro pp ed to 
2»5£3,8MW by 1984, an p Wtaitng 
decrease far 17 years of over 43 per 
cart. 

The UN figures are from ICES, 
tiie International Coaacfl for the 
Esplsratiess af the -Sen, quoted by 
RASA (Restoration of Aflufe 
Salmon in America). They etqdode 
West Greenland, Faroese and 
Norwegian fisheries. . 


^ ' 


HOCKEY 


South shoot to territorial supremacy 


The South are the first women's 
lemtorixl champions. They earned 
the title on New Year's Eve by 
beating West 34) in the tasl match of . 
the tournament at Liverpool. 

This is the first year that the 
T erritoria l Tournament has become 

a championship. Midland* winners 
of the touixutmem last vear, wen 
runners-up, one poort behind. East 
cauac third. North foanh and West 
did not score a point 

Thc lohnucnnu btyan in freezing 
rondiiioas cm December 29. Four 
matches in 48 hours was a stiff 


By Joyce Whitehead 

con si g n me m. for all five uam* and 
some weathered the strain better 
than others^ 

Way was even but the team that 
came out on top were the best 
equipped. Two players in the South 
stood out Karen Brown (Surrtv) 
and Mandy Ranks (Middlesex). 
They have acquired accuracy in two 
types or shots to which the other 
wmtories bad no answer: Miss 
Brown has a hard and fine^amded 
and Miss. Franks toarihi Sr 

kfobw wdB above the g re»W n «e p f r*i 


On -Tuesday with foe champion- 
ship still rode' open Midlands 
played wcfi.ro win 20 agaipaEast, 
who had apparently shot theh bolt 
the day before,. then two penalty 
grab by Baitara HamMy (Warwick- 
shne) rave theta. a 2-0 win over 
North. But South ™de no jmstake 
againaWesL . 

T&ese matches ; were the final . 
a igaod tnals. The 1956 wifi 


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SPORT 


21 


England gamble on Melville 


By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

new n ^ d in h fh«v Sfe*"’’ has been capped 

WaJcT^at iv£|®Sf to play »s playing alTtte 

January U **«* season for Ms break' 

seasSv%'five^N«r ; S of v th,s &om nnemationil n^byJiis 
SnnXi ™w«,i f0 i? ons cham “ -Presence, in ihe side. should 
r t tf S ^1 Ha *- ' ? e effective organis- 

^ L n ^> centre and auon of ihc^^tijdit forwards. 

N^^°f inS ’ ? e Coventr Y ‘loiving Melville 

SwbSd y h'v n 

Melville it cannot have.been without a 
qualm that the -selectors ap- 
pointed, Jddvilje captain. Only 
six weeks ago he was limping 
io dc over in 1984 ° m '° fth e 5 °^ championship ? ., 
after caps against Wales nnd "yet another knee }£. 

Soulh AfricaTPeter Winferfcn ^d?nng>hether be 

tom, the Headingley £ : M* m *e gameat 24 . 

SPSS'S* h .o 


captained by Nigel 
from scrum half 

-JJEF *« for Paul 
Rendall, the Wasps loose head 
prop whose international career 
appeared to be over in 


Rees aid Davfd Cooke in 
possibly the most warmly 

. England team 

gsssas 

W A Dootoy (Preston Grass hoo«Uo u 
(Bath unless states): J pStwT S J 

BUBS?"* 


— — course - 

against Ireland last season and 
against New Zealand ib Wel- 
lington during the summer. 
Brian will leadibe pack and will 
take over the . side if Melville 
had to leave the field for any 
reason. 

. 1 suspect that Melville win 
consider himself fortunate if he 
has a ' couple of seasons for 
England dear of injury, inclu- 
ding- the inaugural world tour- 
nament next year, for which he 
must: now ' be earmarked as 
captain, too. He- led England in 
his first . international against 
Australia last season and it 
must be hoped that his speed of 
pass will set running a back 
division in which -Salmon will 


contested position in the team; 
and for Maurice Coldough, the 
much-travelled lock. — *». '-•*“-*> uu 

RendalTs form for London in play ^Portent role, 
e divisional championship, rJSfLl* the natl * ral su f c * ss ? r x ? 

- ^ Dodge as organizer of the back 


the divisional 

coupled with his leangthy 
experience and familiarity at 
scram and lineout with Col- 
clougb from their playing days 
together at Wasps have com- 
bined to thrust him ahead of 
Lee Johnson (Coventry) and 
Gareth Chilcott (Bath) who is 
on the bench with four of his 
club colleagues and a solitary 
Wasp, Alan Simmons, who, at 
thirty, reaches international 
reserve status for the first time. 

With the omission of Dodge, 
the England captain last year. 


division, leaving Andrew to 
concentrate on his own game at 
stand-off half and HaUiday to. 
find his feet in the international 
arenar The selection of theise 
two at centre leaves no room for 
Simms, who may be felt to lack 
a commanding physical pres- 
ence... 

The retention of Dooley, who 
will start as middle jumper but 
may vary his portion in the 
lineout, along with Hall, leaves 
no shortage of height and will 
have assisted in the selection of 



Breeze and 
wind lift 
Gloucester 
to the top 

By David Hands 


Old and new: Melville (left) takes HaUiday (top) and Robbins under his wing 


Coldough takes over the role of R 

rZJT^T j* °ld Coventry forWis an inch 
ite most capped member of the or so below the ideal, height for 
side with 23 appearances. Now an international No 8, but his 

Sweet revenge in 
enthralling battle 


control at the back of the scrum 
and rugged consistency will 
have endeared him to the 
selectors after it was ascertained 
that Scott (Cardiff) could be 
discounted. . 

The selectors are happy with 
the fitness of HaUiday who 
tweaked a hamstring playing for 
the Barbarians at Leicester last 
Saturday so any doubts they 


may have will be resolved at 
Sunday's team practice at 
Twickenham. They would like 
to see Chilcott have a game 
before then, the combination of 
a groin, injury and the weather 
having kept him out of action 
since December 7. 

They will not have been to 
dismayed to hear, either, that 
another Welsh player can now 


be discounted. Richard Moriar- 
iv. the lock or back row pressing 
for a return to the national side, 
was sent off by referee Owen 
Jones while playing for Swansea 
against Llanelli on the last day 
of the old year. Wales's revised 
disciplinary procedures mean 
that Moriarty joins Norster in 
the international wilderness this 
season. 


Welsh praise plucky opponents 


By Gerald Davies 


Cardiff. 

30 

Bath 

12 


In atrociously -wet conditions 
.with the rain sheeting down 
throughout on a pitech which only 
that morning had thawed out its 
hud overnight frost, it was 
surprising that the. match was 
played at aH That it turned out to 
be such a good one' was a. 
remarkable bonus and was a great 
credit to both teams. 

The big crowd was rewarded with, 
an enthralling, full-brooded contest, 
largely played out between two 
evenly-matched and skilful pack of 
forwards. It was-sweet revenge fbr 
Cardiff after their -defeat at the 
Recreation Ground in October, but 
even they might admit ih« the 
score line of two goals, three tries 
and two penalties to two goals 
somewhat fl att ered them in the end. 

Barnes opened the ' scoring for 
Balh in the second^ minute when 
changing direction from a lineout he 
went down the blind side to send 
Trcvaslris over for a try ^in the 
comer. A long period of pressure by 
the home team saw Scott win the 
ball at the end of a Kneom on the 22 
metre line. From the ruck Davies 
came back blind and with Hadley 
faced with the bulky -presence of 
Chilcott instead of his opposite 
number, the wing cantered over for 
a try. They took the leal when 
Cardiff won the ball against the 
bead at a scrum near the half way 
line, Davies chipped over the Bath 
ihreequartera, for Crolhers to hade 
on and Glasson to control the ball 
over the line fbr a try which Davies 
converted. 


Just' before the interval -a- huge 
shove from Bath, -which. Cardiff 
checked only for the visitors to 
wheel close to the line saw Egerton 
pick up and feed Spurrefl who fefl 
over the line. Barnes convened To 
give them the half-time lead. 

To show that they could do just as 
well, Cardiff returned the compli- 
ment 13 minutes into the second 
half to send Bath's scrum speeding 
backwards. Bath collapsed it and 
Davies kicked the penalty. A- few 
minutes later he extended the lead 
wife another one.- -■ 

A change - of jeraeys seemed to 
' advance. Cardiff s fortunes midway 
thrTMIRh'thelUtif’ ' 

SCORERat CwWfc THras Hatty. LM. 
Glasson BJ. Oaran tf ans: Davies (2) 
PanaWaa DovIm PL BaSc TMaa: TravwW*, 
SponsL OwnonlaawBamaa (9. 

CARWFfi M ftyari A Oasaon. ft Ackerman, A 
Donovan, A HxSay; W G Ortas, T Laa; J 
VJHtetoot, A’ J PNbjb, I Bdman, O Getting, R 
Noaltf.M Bovria^TOnttm, J PBoott. 

M1K C R Manlr* P. Sbimnna. J A Patanr J 
Guaoott, B TravaaMc S Barnes, R J HU G J 
Chticott. J Doan* M R Laa. R A SpurraO trap P 
Staqmnjb J Morrison. N C Rodman. J P Ha, D . 


By John Clemison 

London Welsh ........21 

Streatham-Croydon 13 

One of the delights of a hastily - 
arranged fixture is that it is often as 
absorbing as the match it replaced 
could have been. Yesterday London 
Welsh, whose politically sensitive 
match against Craws hay's XV was 
called off entertained a plucky side 
from Streatham-Croydon and, 
though they eventually won by a 
goal, three tries and a penalty goal to 
a goal, a try and a dropped goal, the 
Welsh were foil of praise for the 
performance . of then* opponents 

Though Streatham were playing 
above themselves, they hit a raw 
nerve that has dogged the Welsh 
throughout this disappointing 
season. No matter bow the Welsh 
devised their second phase attacks, 
they rarely penetrated the massed 
Streatham defence. 


Grimoldby. their captain, led 
from the front, bringing a semblance 
of order to the ramshackle lineouu 
and forcing his way through 
whenever the Welsh were out of 
position. 

Though the Welsh may have 
upset their own supporters in a 
penalty-strewn first half they did 
take The orthodox route against a 
less senior side. Douglas, once he 
had overcome his early nerves, 
played to his forwards and relied on 
a steady supply of loose ball 
generated by Bradley, Edwards and 
Evans, and yet, Leleu foiled to kick 
three straightforward penalty goals. 

Ten minutes into the second half 
and with the wind barely freshening 
in the Exiles' favour, Streatham had 
a 7-4 lead, Hendons dropped goal 
having pur them three points clear, 
after Leleu had opened the score for 
Welsh and Hughes replying with a 
try for Streatham. 

On the hour, however, the 


perpetual assaults on the Streatham 
line finally took their toll and 
Collins touched down from a sloppy 
lineouL Martin stretched the lead 
with a third try. Martin converting. 
Rees ended an arduous day for him 
with a try five minutes from time. 

Although Irvine touched down a 
consolation try for Streatham in 
iqjury time, Hendon converting, 
there was mighty relief on the Welsh 
faces at the end. No doubt some 
were wondering why it was exactly 
60 years since the two dubs las met. 

SCdRERSt London Watatc Took Kughas, 
'Laton. Ron. CoOm. Conmraton: Manta. 
Pnutfty goat Manta. S tta a Ba vp -C i uydun- 
Trtaa: Hughes. Irvine. Cwwrisni lludon. 
Drooped goab Handon. 

LONDON WELSH: A Martfet J Hughes. G 
Lalau, N Jenktas (rap R Jam), C mw K 
HopKtas (rap J Wttaras), M Douglas; A 
Edwards, B Light Bnutny, B Morgan, E 
Lewis, J CDMns. J Evans, M WMktas. 
STREATHAM-CROYDON: M Dick; N Hughes. 
S Thompson. A Hendon, M Sola. E Jonas, J 
Kyta; J Green loaf, G kvtaa, T Jones, C 
Belcher, S Johnson, I acock, N Grimoldby, I 
Brawns. 

Referee: PJarMm (London): 


Sparkling try keeps record intact 

By George Ace 


! C Nortag (Bhtagmra). 
John Smith's Meaft Table A 
I 

Club matches 
Aberevoa .. C 

Bedford 13 

Bristol 14 C«non 

CanflfT ‘ 38 Betti 

OEdmflana C Maieafon 

Hyde 9 St Helens 

-• “ ‘ 39 Way 


C 

a 

12 
C 

■ 

3 
» 

29 Gross Kaya • 

(abandoned tflarflSnitasj 

7 Lainoaston 9 

i Part c Maps C 

37 Haw** - 19 

SUwp 3 rnaokhaalb SO 

London Wahfa 11 - Streafiaa Cry* 7 

Tuesday's result ^ 9KmaiA % 


OTHER IIATCW8: Chderfort United 18, 
Lydney United 9; Modem 30. Long Eaton 11; 
Scnoua 10, Stroud CoMNneSnn JL 


Ireland Schools 9 

Australian Schools — .1 3 

Twenty minutes into the second 
half yesterday the Australians, the 
young aristocrats of schoolboys 
rugby, set a dank and bleak 
Ravenhill alight with a sparkling try 
which finally wrested the lead from 
the Irish and enabled the touring 
team to maintain their 100 per cent 
record. Australia won by three 
penalty goals and a try to three 
penalties. 

A flip pass by Stuart, the scrum 
half and Australian captain, to 
Monism, who came into the line on 
the ' burst, saw the full bade 
brilliantly dummy the cover and 


quint over from 40 yards for the 
only try of the game. 

Ireland, superbly orchestrated by 
McCall, ibe stand-off half who was 
captaining the side for the first time, 
went ahead with the first of his three 
penalties after only six minutes. 
Midway through the half be added 
his second after a late tackle, and 
though Australia got three points 
back on the half hour when the Irish 
backs were caught offside allowing 
Momsen to convert from 20 metres, 
McCall put Ireland six points ahead 
again with another superbly struck 
penalty just before the intervaL 

Momsen was on target early in 
the second period with another 
penalty and then came his 
spectacular score to push the 
Australians ahead 10-9. Tombs, the 


centre, kicked a final penalty for the 
Australians who ran out thoroughly 
deserved winners in conditions far 
removed from Brisbane or Sydney. 

SCORERS: Man* PnHu McCall (3J. 
-AustnHK Try: Momsen. Pene B ea : Momsen 
(2). Tombs. 

IRELAND SCHOOLS: C M Italy (PBC Cork}; N 
M P Berry (Crucant Cofaga Coma). J D 
Clarice podnwfl Colega), A G D Hoey (Si 
Mery's College). J W CBnoS (PBC Cork); C M 
McCa* (Bangor OS, captL B A MaeOoey 
(Hodmen Cottage); S K Bontb (BaByrnera 
Acad), (rap: R Semple (RBAI) LATH Ctariur 
(RS Dungannon). J F Qriffta (Blacfcrack 
Cottage). KD O'Cannes fPBC Cork). PSC 
Johns (RS Dungannon), N Swee n ey (Wesley 
Cottage), D A~orid (RBAI), B J Welsh 
(Crescent CoBega Comp). 

AUSTRALIA: A is Horaaen; S J 0*CotwieB, A 
FuDveL R C Torabs, M Crawfenk P R KeM,H £ 
Stuart (capQ; II T Molow, R J Kennedy, B P 
Drtee, S R Guriev. S J Scott-Young, ORA 
Obc, M Prase, D J WBeon. 

~ ' iRMegson (Scottish RU). 


Gloucester ......... ....^.......,,.8 

Moseley 3 

This year can only get better and 
that is no reflection upon the whole- 
hearted endeavours of the players 
from both clubs at Kingsholm 
yesterday. The rain poured down 
pitilessly, soaking hands already 
half-numbed by the cold and the 
only rugby which could realistically 
be played after half an hour was old- 
fashioned kick-end-rush. 

In the drcnmstances. Gloucester 
did will to score two tries against 
Moseley's penally goal, both tries 
going to Breeze on the left win. If his 
name sums up scenes of gentle 
sumcr rather than harsh winter, 
Breeze did well out of season. There 
was an element of good fortune 
attached to his first score. Moseley 
claiming with some justification 
that he had been tackled and turned 
on the line after collecting Smith's 
chip ahead. 

The second try however, would 
have graced the driest ground. It 
came from a set scrum and Taylor 
released Smith in space; the foil 
back drew the cover and provided 
Breeze with a dear run to the line, 
giving Gloucester just the margin 
they needed to withstand some 
determined Moseley attacks. It also 
served to lift them to joint top of the 
John Smith's merit table A 

Moseley came with a former 
Gloucester favourite in their ranks 
in the burly shape of Boyle but he. 
looking less matchsharp than he 
might have Liked, was outjumped at 
the front of the lineout by Orwin. If 
the Gloucester captain was disap- 
pointed at hearing of the loss of his 
England place m the morning, after 
what was for him a wonderful 1985, 
be gave no sign of it and he received 
good support from Brain. 

In the first half Gloucester could 
only conjure one try from their wind 
advantage. The game huffed and 
puffed from lineout to lineout and 
the only note I had made after 30 
minutes related to the weather. 
Fortunately, Breeze's try brought 
inspiration among clutter of penal- 
ties. 

Moseley turned round to play 
with the elements only to find the 
wind dropping when Metcalfe might 
have appreciated some help with 
three long-range penalties. He 
kicked a fourth when Gloucester 
handled the ball on the ground but 
his side's more ambitious handling 
moves floundered. 

There were moments of high 
endeavour from Obogu and Jeavons 
but inevitably the ball went down or 
encountered an immovable if 
slippery Gloucester object among 
whom McLean, a sch oil master from 
Cheltenham, was strong in defence 
and alert for any attacking 
oportunity. 

It was Gloucester who did the 
basics better. Hamlin kicked some 
very long clearances to frustrate 
Moseley m the first half and he and 
Smith launched several massive 
Garry Owens which Metcalfe did 
weQ to scramble away. Moseley 
lacked the same accuracy; the mud, 
it might reasonably be assumed, was 
in their eyes. 

SCOHERSfc Gfoocasfac Trim: Braoa (2L 
M a mty : Fantaty: Mataatfu. 

GLOUCESTER: T SmUt; D Morgan, R McLean. 
PTaytac J Braaze, M Hamfia; M Hamafcxd, M 
Praam, K wmm. R Pascal, J Godd, J Orwta, J 
Brain, M LongnafT, J Bamatt. 

MOSELEY: I Motcafti; J Goodwta, I McMJEan, 
C Smith. D Payne; T Enter. S Robson; V 
Obogu. G Co*, fit Draws. N Jaavera. S Bojrta. 
A Racarcta, S Masters. P ShHngtord. 

Boftaw*: J Morgan (Wales). 

Festival gets 
two new 
sponsors 

By Michael Stevenson 

The best New Year’s present that 
Richard Greenwood the former 
England captain and c o ach, could 
have received was news that his 
brainchild *The All England 
Preston Fifteen a Side Schools 
Festival", held at the Preston 
Grasshoppers Club, had enjoyed a 
reprieve. 

Without a sponsor until last week 
the festival seemed certain to lapse 
and it is excellent news for its many 
supporters that two local business- 
men, Roy Wilkinson, a restaurateur, 
and Bob Ribchestrr, have guaran- 
teed its continuance 


BASKETBALL 


Murray display their mettle 


The admirable example set on the 
first day by three of the four En g l is h 
dubs competing in the world 
Invitation Club Championships was 
maintained at Crystal Palace 
yesterday by the Scots from Murray 
International Metals Edinburgh. 
Murray’s comprehensive 89-63 
defeat of Solna ended any chance 
the Swedes had of justifying their 
position as fourth seeds, following 

their reverse in the tournament’s 

opening match on Tuesday against 

Sharp Manchester United 
Murray, tike United before them, 
showed little respect for the 
judgement of the seeding committee 
as they ran up a 20-point lead in the 

first half. Their squad considered 

by their coach, Joedy Gardner, to he 

the strongest in the 'history of the 

dub, was altogether too physical, 

tall and defensively sound for the 
Swedes* 

United who had . looked, like 
winning by as big a margin against 
Solna when, they ted .41-23, 


By Nicholas Harling 

conceded 16 of the next 19 points 
and eventually had to settle for a 
tense 93-91 win in overtime, witit 
Dave Gardner and Will Brown most 
prominent. . - v 

Complacency was obviously 
catching for r Manchester . Giants 
allowed a 54-40 lead against Landis 
and Gyr of Vienna to be whittled. 

away to thine points before they 

were pulled through 91-85, chiefly 1 
by . the shooting brilliance of 
Brookings (43 points). Polycell 
Kingston, too, had allowed the 
luxury of a . 95-81 advantage to all 
but disappear in " the last four 
minutes or their 99-98 win against 
the Brazilians from. Monte Libani,- 
who scarcely justified the pre-match 

trepidation of Malcolm Chamber- 

tain, Kingston’s -coach. . When 
Bontrager gave the ball away with 

14 seconds left; Kingston could have 

paid dearly had Vianna not missed 

his shot as the buzzer sounded 
Some Brazilian honour was restored 
yesterday when they overwhelmed 


Team Harp from Cork, 151-85. 

It would have been an English 

dean sweep on (he opening day had 

London Docklands ■ Crystal Palace 

not foiled 108-102 against Marathon 

Oil Chicago, who limited the 
normally ■ prolific Jennings to 20 
points. So physical were the 
Americans that Jeremich of Palace 

came away from the match saying; 

“Boy, was that tough. It was like 

McGuigan against Pedroza." 

GROUPJbMMotestari 

Scott ^ IB, Xannedy 13L l 

as (Davil 36, COBH 18, 

WKXJP Be Poiycafl Klng«ofi sh (Bontrwwr 
Ctaric 34. Drtt m Marie Lfcano (Bri 
(Souza 23. MtocevUua 17. Andrade 18L Me 

Ltaino T S1 (Qtdmarees 49), Harp Cork 

Sowlmhai Ol (Chkagoll 
28, Sprawar 28. KanitaOd 17). 

Docklands OysW J*stoea 

CwSS^tt 1 Slurp Mmcriertsr UntoJ 93 
(Garina 26, W Brown 24, Softs 


106 [Greer 
K London 

102 (Beaman 33, 


Young 19, Byrd 16), Softs 63 (Ksrfeaon 24. 
Kzzonowsfci 14). 


RUGBY LEAGUE 

Late penalty gives Wigan narrow win 

By Keith Macklin 




The pressure at the top of tire first 
division continues to buikl up, with 
a clutch of dobs separated by a 
handful of points, and Widnes and 
Halifax just ahead of the pursuing 
pack in which HnD Kingston Rovers 
and Wigan pose tire biggest menace. 

In ycitenday’s games Widnes beat 
St Helens 30-16 to intensify the 
gloom at Knowsley Road, and 
Halifax scored two second half tries 
at Swhrton to torn an 8-2 half-time 
deficit into a 1 6- 10 victory. 

A penalty goal In the closing 
minutes gave Wigan a hard-earned 
12-10 victory et Warrington. It was 
b bruising derby with several flare- 
ops and a sending off for Gittins, the 
Warrington forward. Wigan ap- 
peared to have the game sagely won 
with tries by Edwmtis and CHlbrod 


-goal from Stephenson against three had. fought back in tire second half 
goals from Carber. Then the injured In the second division where again 
Boyd came bade to set up a tiy for the top of the lable is congested. 

Johnson, his fellow Australian and Letab sweet on Blackpool 

jtWT 5 .iq.The Wsm-go. crowd 

hooted Fred Lopdop^ tire referee, m -Wakefield Trinity won to keep up 
he awarded Wgan a late penahy /^rmnmenmrTL 
with whim Stephenson won the 
match. 

Hull Kingston Ifovera kept up 
their challenge in a scrappy game 
against York; Laws and Gordon 
Smith , getting their tries in a 12-6 
win, Oldham V pretensions were 
cruelly exposed by Leeds, who worn 
convincingly 22-6 with iries.from. 

Carrie. Lyons and Medley with five 
goals from GilL . ' . . 

A imfltiaxlt Xate try by Ford gav^. 

Bradford Northern a 26-l$ >iCtOTy 
over Castieford. after the visitors 


their momentum, 

rarer otvwo » Dwweury iz ?aaori ip; 

ftaSWStOna 10, HUMttHril KR 12, Yort .B; 
Laeds 22, Otture ft St Haions 10, Wdnas 30; 
Swtntan 10, Heltax 10; Warrtngton 10 Wipn 
12 , 

SECOND fHVBtON: Batty & Huns*tt ft 
Csrttsft v WWtsriMKV potapwrad; ftaraam ID, 
RoetaWa M; WAttrfaldia. Bramtova. 

.# Wigan have failed in a bid to sign 
Neil Holding,. the Great Britain 
scrum half from St Helens. Wigan 
offered two players - Keith Holden, 
the scrum Salt who is valued at 
£25,000 and Gary CampbelL 


TENNIS 


QUEEN'S CLUft Brtitah Junior covarart cswt 

^Mn jrtwa W^ B^ 

EB^oSpiSriBunw) tt P vfiSafftewn). 

B-l, 7-6: J Huitar (Surrey) bt M NuUbn 
S uhota). W. M; c Bowhar (Kenfl bt V 
Ranson (Esaax). 7-6, B-2; D Kbk (Lftcotaahirrt 

U R Hutchinson (YartsNre) S4, 6-7. 7-4; S 

BcoO: (WBrvrtctairara) bt C MDer (Bucks). 6-3. 

7-5; J Martyn (Susoeoc) bt J Rigby (LanceSike), 

2- 8, S-1,6-1; L Mume«n (T&nptarireL bt F 
I (NottingJunraMre). &2jS-2: M Syms 

W M Huum (DorataL 64. 6-1; G 
. ttowrastsrat*^. bt A Woods (Surray), 

. 61, 63: D Roberts (S Wales) bt M 

Edmaston (OheshlreL 61. 60: A Hinting 

(Lsiceetsralsrtfl by j Green (BuddnahamsHra), 

3 - 6, 7-6, 64; A Rouse (Esaata be J Rataodge 
pentartrtgeslrira), 63, 6%AAM (Devon) bt N 
snillh OsncashtaM, 62, 64; M Patehay 

(Easw) bt N PeaWey fflunayL 7-6, 7-5. ThW 

raaHfc J Martyn M S Boo® iwan^qksWnta, 6 

2, 64; D WrK bt M Syms (Devort, 84, 64; C 

Beecher bt G Taylor, 61. 62: D Sapsfard bt C 
Btfty, 7-9, 60: A Brice bt A Hinting, 63, 60; 
L MtaffMen bt O Roberta. 62, 61; A Rouse bt 

J Hunter, 61 . 63; M Petehey bt A AW. 62. 63. 

GIRLS.- Second rant J ftuas (Gtaucesttr- 

sHra) W A Randan (LataastaratVre). 6-3, 61 ; S 

McCarty (Aran) bt L Hera (Yortmhira),61,6 

2; A Ffentag (UtcsotaMke) H J P m» 
OMOUKO, 61, 6i; K Pawl (HanpsWre) bt N 

Comlortti (Susao), 62. 62: S Smith (Bneid 

bt R Stokes (Natamrauntiilre), 64, 4-8, 6-3; S 

(S Wales) bt A SmpWn 
'■ 62. 7-BS A Gregory 

. bt C Betaman {Essex), 4-6. 
K Hand (Berkshire) bt A Roktaenbach 

(LBfceaBrshte), 62, 6% CWood (Sussex) bt. 

S Timms EWMl 67. 64. 63; J wood 

(Mlddlesetate A Mspel (Lancashire). 4-6, 63. 
62; K ffickatt (WttnufekshM wSAimttage 
(NotBnghamsWri), 60. 7-6; T 

(CambndgesWrel bt K Hunter (SiffrayL 60. 62; 
J Donovan {WOnviekeMra) bt V Heath- 
(Staffordshire), 62. 60; V Lake (Devon) M L 
Jefferies (Avon), 63. 61; u Gran (CtmWra) 

bt S Gadmen (Skm, 64, 6-2. Third round: K 

RlcJcstt bt M Grade. 62. 60; J Wood bt J 

idtOee, 61, 62; V Lake bt A BecntacL 67, 64. 

6S; T Cetttn bt A Gragcvy, 60. 61; JFtaeves bt 
K Petal. 61. 60; S Mconhy bt J Donovan. 6 

0. 6-2: S Loosemore bt S Smith. 62, 6-4; C 

Wood btK Hand, 63, 66. 

PORT WASHWGTQN, New Yoric WeniaHonal 

bailor i w whii— Bain: 12-mMldi 

SS*J de JiSer pAjta Q JRe (Arg), 

I I ye ar ol ds Rnafe N KuN (Swo) bt G 

tavtrisrtc (Yuri, 64, 61. 16 iw i om Hotf: 

P Henrtctaon (&«) bt Q Solomon (US. 61. 6 

3. GMet 12 -wmmwi Rnfe A Kwnde pJSj M J 
Capriati (US), 62. 63. M-funeUa Uuk A 

\fiera jBri «M Herando f 

olds bhb E Dariy (Fr) 

61. 


MM Herando (0^62.7-5. 16m«r>- 

! E Darty <Fr) M J Jorwup [Swe), 7-S. 


VOLLEYBALL 


HtTACW CUP: Wontere Oitaa bt Rest oMha 

World. 1611. IMS. 1612. 1615. 1611 


GOLF 


CORAL GABLES, nerida: Orange Bowi Jt&ltor 

tamnsetaWloiisras Mara SB; MRsaenbwg 

(BwV 72. Tam, 72. WHMt 30ft M McGam 
(US). 70. 69.69, 78. 


FOR THE RECORD 


ICE HOCKEY 

NORTH AMERICA: Nation* League (NHL): 

Monday: Los Angeles Ktags 4, Wrtkwj Jets 

2. Tuesday: Edmonton (Mars 4, PhtefitaWa 
Flyers 3: Que&oc Nordtaues 5, Hartiord 
Whitara 1; New York Wanders 5. Detroit Red 

Wings 4: BuJtato Sabres 8. Bosaon Brains 6; 

Minnesota North Stars 6. Calgary names 3; 

Pittsburgh Psngulna 8, St Lotla^ Blues 4. 
DAVOS, SwRxerierHk Spenotor Cup- Spartak 

Moscow 6, Team Canada 0. Final posUons: 1. 

Spartak- Moscow, 8 pts; 2. Team Canada S; 3, 

Davos Selection, 4; 4. Dukla Jtatova, 2: 5. 
Rosenheim. 1. _ 

SAIMT-GEJTVA1S, Ran ee : T hr ee nation 
touraament Franca 8. Romania 2: Austria 7. 

Franca 2: Austria B. Romania 0. Austria win 

toumamsnt 

WORLD JUNIOR QKAIff10NSHH>S: Czacho- 

stovsida 7. Switzerland 2; Canada 9. Sweden 

2; Soviet Union 10. West Germany 0; Finland 7. 

Untoed States 5. 

P W L F A Pta 
C anada 4 4 0 44 7 8 

Soviet Union 4 4 0 30 7 8 

Ffttand 4 3 1 23 T1 8 

Czschoslov 4 2 2 20 13 4 

Sweden 4 2 2 8 17 4 

Unted States 4 1 3 15 21 2 

Swkzartand 4 0 4 8 35 0 

W Germany 4 0 4 7 44 0 

TOUR MATCHES: Montreal Canadians 1. 

CSKA Moscow 8; USA SeSsct 3. Sakoi Kkv 8. 

■ SKIING 

SCOTTISH SNOW REPORTS: Cairngorm: 

Upper runs: runs almost com plots, new enow 

on a firm base. Mddta runs: snow cover 

patchy, new snow an a Arm base. Lowerf 

•moms: no snow or very tittle. Vertical runs: 

6Q0ftJ-% roods: dear. Main roads: dear. Snow 

Mat 2^0011. OanaltM: Upper runs: snow 

cover patstw, surface ley with breakable crust 

Lower slopes; anted nursery areas, surface 

S with breakable cnisL Vertical nwt 300ft. 

roads: dear. Mata roads: dear. Snow levee 

1,000ft. Gtencoa and Lacftfc Insufficient snow 

torsklng. 

SKI JUMPING 

GARM8CH4*ARTEMKU)Ch£N, West Ger- 
many: E6oetra World Do event 1, P Ptoc 
(C3). 2128 pts (105 and I03mt 2. E Vettori 

(Austria), 211^ 007 and 97): 3. P Uteja (Vyjd. 
SOBS (107 Wd 4. J WeteSflcopSL 2Mh 
(164 end 87A B. J Parme (04^2014 HUM 
and 95); 6. U Rnodsen (EG), 3005 (101-5 and 
sag. 

evaraft 1. P Utya (Yt«) 87pts; 2, P Suonssa 
(Fin) 83; 3, F NaiiMnttior (Austria) 7ft c, E 

Vetieri (Austria) 75: 5, V Opus (Not) 63: ft P 

Fttc (Czech) 49. 


ROAD RUNNING 

HYDE PARK: London road ramer IOdk 1 , G 

Levans on (AAA RarietareA amn28»C! 4, R 
Bremen (US). 2 MS 3. D Dymor yl (Exete r), 

i. Team: 1. Hlspgw. 38oa - Vetyans: 1. 

^15. Women: i. S weao 


Northampton Phoena, 52pta. Women: 1, S 
King (Northampton Phoenix), 5039, 
GLOUCESTER ID ndes race: 1. M Nash 
(Weatburv), 52mta; 2. S Sparking (Worcastwl 
5327:3,0 Harr (Bristol), 5334. Vatanns: l.L 
Davis (Gtoucestar). 5455. Woman: 1. J 
WOrzenaoft (Cnattanhatn). 6827. 

TADWORTTfc 10 nfles racK 1. D Hayoe (Hama 

HB), ES1M2; 2, E Barrett (Omogrt. 51^8: 3, S 

Blanay (Hlghgam), 51S7. Vatanne: 1. G Taylor 
(Cambridge Harriers). 53:54. Women: 1, B 
Green (British Airways), Woman's Veteran: 1, 
COmon (London Rood Rumen), 6034. 


CYCLING 


COLOGNE: Six-day me* Fifth-day taodora: 1, 

R Pflnan (Nath) and G Frank (Dan), 74 1 p«s at 
om tap: 2. D Ctertca (AustraBal and A Doyle 
(GB). 143; 3, R and S Hermann (Uadi), 134; 4, 
S Toure and E da WRde (Bel). 79; at two laps: 5, 
D Thurau and J Kristen (WG), lift 

BASKETBALL ~~~ 


UNITED STATES: National AteodatioB (NBA); 

New Jersey Mete 123. New York Knldks 111: 

Cfeago Buis 121. Clevatand Cavalara 117; 

tadm Pacers 97, Washington Bullets 86: 

MawBulcea Bucks 121. Detroit Pistons 110: 

Utah Jazz 107. Seattle Supereonics IDS; 

Denwr Nuggets 125. Houston Rockets 122: 

Boston Celtics 12S, Los Angeles Clippers 103; 

Portland Tran Blazers 125. San Antonio Spus 

110: Phfladalphia 76ers 97. Sacramento rings 
84. 

SAN VICENTE DE CASTELLET, Spain: 
I nte n t io n al tarter women’s toumemaoh 

Netherianos 50. Spain 42: Belgium 79. Britain 

48: West Germany 58, Franca 55: Netiwiends 

SO. Spain 42. 

BRACKNELL TOURNAMENT: Final: Marathon 
Oil W Mgntottbano, 9683. 


CRICKET 


HATARA, Sri Lattice: CoBega tour raaicft: 

Bmnop's Stortfard 1 16ft Matara 1263. 


FOOTBALL 


ITALIAN LEAGUE Juvonon 1. Sampdorta 0. 


NORDIC SKIING 


OBERW1EBENTHAL, East Germany: Work! 
Cup event Loading ptadngsc 1. T Malar (WG) 

44 min SS.Tsac, 4iiJB «s 2, U Dataauer 

(EG), 4ft37.7seo. 407 JOS; 3, H Wetabuch 

events): 1 , Muter (US) 

40 pts; Z G Anderson (Nofl 36: 3, Wetabuch 

135. 



: 10 mflee race: l, 5 Ptarea 

,. 6123s 2, D 

^1942; 3, T Cotemen (Kensrtag), ! 


Winner Platini 

Turin, (AFP) - Michd Platini, 
who has just been elected as the 

European foolbalter of the year for a 

record third consecutive time, 
celebrated by scoring the goal That 

took Juvcntus into a six-point lead 

in the Italian League. He scored his 

eighth goal of the season, in the 4 1 st 

minute to give Juvcntus a 1-0 home 
win over Sampdorta. 


CRICKET 


Missionary spirit of 
tour clouded by 
Zimbabwe’s doubt 


By Richard Streeton 

The England B team leave 
London for Dhaka tonight still 
uncertain if they will be allowed to 
play is Zimbabwe after the first two 
Iras of the tour in Bangladesh and 
Sri Lanka. The Test and County 
Cricket Board (TCCB) understand 
that ft wm be next week before they 
team whether the Zimbabwe 
Government will withdraw their 
objection to England's inclusion of 
five players who have played or 
coached in South Africa. 

Officials at Lord's have not lost 
hope that a solution will be found to 
allow the visit to Zimbabwe to take 
pace, though dearly serious doubt 
nm« remain. A report that the 
Indian team now touring Australia 
will travel home via Zimbabwe and 
take over England's programme has 
proved unfounded. If England are 
unable to visit Zimbabwe they might 
arrange extra matches in India or 
Pakistan, or come home early. 

The threatened political disrup- 
tion has overshadowed the first of 
what the TCCB hope will be regular 
B tours in the years ahead. This 
hungnral tour will cost the board 
£100.000. Snch trips have two 
objectives: to broaden the experience 
of players on the fringe of the 
England Test side, and to help 
cricket development in smaller 
conn tries. 

If the original itinerary is 
fulfilled, Mark Nicholas, the 
captain, and his team will travel 
some 25,000 miles and play 47 days 
of cricket on surfaces as different as 
pounded mod, jute matting and thick 
grass. Nicholas has already shown 
he has potential as a captain and, 
like the other batsmen in the party, 
will hope to score consistently ami 
maintain hk» claim for a fell England 
cap. 

Pollock’s 
touch of 
mastery 

From Ivo Tennant 
Cape Town 

New Year's Day at Newtands is 
quite a. social event. When, in 
addition. South Africa win ihe toss, 
bat all day and Graeme Pollock 
makes a good score, the country's 
problems arc swiftly forgotten. So it 
was yesterday for the sizeable 
holiday crowd, the vast majority 
white spectators. 

Some 13.000 people packed into 
the ground, the beauty of which 
remains undiminished. The South 
African Cricket Union and the 
sponsors of this series. National 
Pnasonic. were will pleased, since 
gates for the first representative 
match in Durban were poor 

That was in part due to n boycott 
by the Indian community and a 
feeling that the opposition was not 
up to scratch. Yet, as with all 
Australian sides, even a breakaway 
one. it is wise not to write them off 
too soon. This one, after a patchy 
stan to their three-months lour, 
almost beat South Africa. 

Quite conceivably, Hughes' team, 
would beat the official Australian 
side. They competed yesterday, in 
temperatures into the eighties, as 
well as could have been expected. 
Hogg showed there is still some Ore 
in his belly, Hogan bowled tidily for 
much of the day and Hughes' 
authority was not questioned. 

Inevitably, these Australians 
neither know or care much about 
what else is going an in South 
Africa. Bruce Francis, their man- 
ager. said a trip bad been organized 
for them to Soweto but “it poured 
with rain and was called off*. 
Another version has it that they 
were offered the chance to go to 
either Soweto or Sun City and opted 
for the later. 

Neither have the Australins 
encountered demonstrations or 
threats to their safety. However, a 
24-hour police guard is maintained. 
The organizers are intent on another 
tour next year. As for ihe Australian 
government's stance against ihe 
visit, Francis said: "The prime 
minister made a lot of noise and 
mistakes before we came away and I 
think will keep quiet now". 

Yesterday on a firm pitch Cook. 
South Africa's accomplished open- 
er. made 91 and Kirsten, now 
probably at his peak, a delightful 72. 
They shared a century partnership. 
Yet for mastery of touch, neither 
could match Pollock, whom the 
South African public - and the 
sponsors - refuse to allow to retire. 

Pollock was out seven minutes 
before the dose, having scored 79 
off 1 24 balls with a six and 10 fours, 
to add to bis century at Durban. 
When he does retire, statistics will 
tell how good he was but they will 
not speak of his wonderful sense of 
timing. 

As I said. Hogan maintained a 
light length for much of the day. It 
would have been all day but for 
Pollock. 

SOUTH AFRICA: First Innings 

SJCooki-u-wbMcCurey 91 

H R Fotaningniatn c Rlxon b Raekeaum . 10 

PNKfrBtBnbRac te m an n 72 

R G Pottock b Hogg 79 

‘CEB Rica c Haysmar b McCurdy 21 

KAMcKanztaaotoui 4 

A J Kama not out 2 

Extras (0 5, 1-02,11-07) 


Tom (5 wfcts)... 


14 

293 


R V Joinings. G S la Hoirc. H A Paga and S T 
Jetterlss to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37, Z-1B9. 3-20*. 
4-287. 5-287. 

BOWLING (to data): Hogg 15-2-56-1: 
Rackomann 26-2-82-2: McCurdy 57-1-67-2; 
Hogan 30-6-81-0. 

AUSTRALIAN Xt J Oycon, G Shtapert, M D 
Haysmar. *K J Hugftas, G N Yak®, M D 
Taylor. IS J Wran. T G Hogan. R J McCurdy. C 
G Raekemann. R m Hogg. 


tARY: Jan r'PMmn (DhakaL one day. 
Bengtadeah Under-25 XI (Chfctgonta. 
ly. Jon 1612 v Bangtedoh (335). 


Tour details 

PARTY; HCJ Ntatwtaa (Hampshire teptrt); 
K j Banwa (DarOysftlra, vlea-eaptsta); J P 
Agnnr (LeteeetOrtrtrat c w J Affray 
('Soucesttrehfcet NOB Cask (Nor taa mt rto n- 
ahtror, N G Coanns (Mtadasax); D V Lawranca 
(GtaucKfflrsmra): M D Muon (Yorkshire): D R 
Pringh (EsseA D W Raorfa* (No ata gt iam - 
shsBk S J Rhodes (Worcastarahkat W N 
Stack (Makflasex); CL SrnWi^tarinohnkTM 
Trsflitett (Hampshire). Manas*: P M Lush; 
AsntantMsHgsRNGiffoftL 
ITINERARY: Jim 7: Pakferan I 
Jon 9; 

thraaSaye. Jan 1618 v Lanka Board 
Pra*detfs » (CoiomOot threodaya. Jan 26 
23 v Sri Lanka (Cotombo). first tar-day match. 
Feu 1 v Srt Lanka (Cotontoo), on day. FM 2 v 
Sri Lanka (CotomfioL OWHty. Fat 4 v Sri 
Lanka (Co torteo}, one day. Feb 6-6 v Nuwn 
Ekyo Dfamcts Association (Radetta), thnra- 
days. Fab 1613 v Sir Lanka (Kandy), saoond 
four-day match. Fad 17-19 v ZkrtialNB B 
(Harare). Bvaa-days. FeO 22 and 24 v 
Ztmteiwa Stun (Harare), one-day. Feb 29, 
Mar 1 and 3 v ZonOatwe (Butoara), thrae- 
days. Mar 2 v Zknbabwa (Bulawayo), ana-day. 
Mer 67 v Zimbabwe Presktaora XJ (Mutare). 
ona-day. Mar 1618 v Zimbabwe (Harare), four 
days. 


A minor cariosity of England's 
selection this winter is that Nicholas 
will have five opening batsmen with 
him and Gower in the Caribbean 
will have only Gooch and Robinson 
against the West Indian pace attack. 

Moxon annd Slack are expected to 
be given the first opportunity to open 
the B team's innin gc, with Athey, 
Barnett and Chris Smith lower down 
the order. Nicholas and Randall, 
with Pringle as the all-romider, 
complete a batting list which shoald 
ensure the side do not lack nras. 

David Lawrence, in particular, 
Agnew, and Cowans all have the 
incentive to prove io ibe selectors 
(hat they should have been the fast 
bowlers picked to go to West Indies. 
Tremlett is the stock bowler; Cook 
the only spinner and Rhodes the 
only wicketkeeper. 

Apology to 
umpires 
is retracted 

Sydney fReuter) India's troubled 
tour of Australia took another 
unhappy turn yesterday when their 
manager Srinivas Venkaiaraghavan 
denied that he had apologized for 
criticism made by the captain, Kapil 
Dev, of the umpires in the second 
Test match. 

On the eve of the third and final 
Test here Venkaiaraghavan ap- 
peared to reverse his remarks of Ihe 
previous day, when he had said he 
would be apologizing io the 
umpires, Ray I Sherwood and Dick 
French, 

“I want to make it dear that I 
haven’t apologized” Venkataragha- 
van said. "No apology is warranted 
- I don’t intend to give an aology. 
The umpires were not up to Test 
standard ... we were deprived of 
victory.” Venkataraghavan added 
he would consider lodging a protest 
to the Austral tan Cricket Board after 
he had conferred with the president 
of the Board of Control of Cricket in 
India. S. Sri ram an, and its secretary 
Ranbir Singh. 

Kapil Dev had launched a 
scathing attack on the umpires 
calling Australian officials “the 
worst in the world**, after India had 
had rain destroy their hopes of a 
victory on the last day of the second 
Test match in Melbourne. Rain has 
affected all seven of India's matches 
on the tour and their frustration has 
been increased by a series of minor 
disputes with Allen Border, the 
Australian- captain, and his team. 

Neither French nor Lsbcrwood 
will stand in the third Test. Peter 
McConnell, and Stephen Randell, 
have been nominated 

Dev said his team's morale was 
high for the deciding Test despite 
their annoyance over the draw in 
Melbourne. He said, “Well try 
harder - we won't lei it get to a last 
day decision. The wicket looks firm, 
although it still has to be rolled 
harder.” The captain is still 
recoveri ng from a chest virus. 

Border said he believed the 
wicket could become a “turner” and 
Australia are thus expected to 
include the leg-spinner Holland in 
place of one of the fast bowlers, 
probably McDermott. 

AUSTRALIA (from) D Boon, G Marsh, a 
B oidar. G Rtatata. D Hookas. G Mattfraws, S 
Waugh, R Bright B Reid. D Gifted. R Kotand. 
C McDermott. 

INDIA S Gavaskar. K Srikkanth, M Amamatti. 
D Vengsariw. M AznarukSn. R Shashi Kaptt 
Dev, s KJrmani. L Sbantmskrtshnan, S radav, 
C Sftarma, A Malliow. 


Kirk hands in 
resignation 

Reg Kirk, the chairman of 
Yorkshire's general co mm i ttee , has 
resigned. In a brief letter to Joe 
Lister, the Yorkshire secretary, Mr 
Kirk wrote: “please accept this letter 
as notice of my resignation from the 
chairmanship of the general com- 
mittee as from Deeemeber 31. It 
would be inappropriate for me to go 
into the reasons at this moment.’’ 

Kirk, who will continue to 
represent the Hull district on the 
genera] committee, has always been 
a vociferous supporter of Geoff 
Boycott and only just survived a vote 
of no confidence in November when 
the committee split 11-11 and the 
president Lord Moontgarret re- 
fused to nse his casting vote. 

On December 20 Kirk could not 
prevent the passing of a new rale 
which will prevent a current player 
from serving on the committee and 
was advised by the president either 
to abide by a majority decision of the 
committee or to resign. 


IN BRIEF 


Sammy Reeson, the British 

cruisewcight title holder from 
Battersea, will have his second bout 
as champion at the London West 
Hotel on January 1 0- 
Reeson meets Nottingham's Roy 
Smith in an eight-round encounter. 
Smith, managed by the former 
British Champion, Wally Swift, won 
the Midlands area title last month. 

ATHLETICS: Wendy Sly had to 
caned her anticipated comeback 
race in New York’s Central Park on 
New Year’s Eve. The cold that She 
had last week worsened and she has 
delayed her rwnuy into compe- 
tition until the United States indoor 
season begins later this month. 

TABLE TENNIS: Matthew Syed, 
aged 15, from Reading, will 
represent England in the European 
junior top 12 championships at the 


weekend. Ranked four in the Lentec 
national junior list, Syed earned a 
wild card entry to the event 
following bis performance in the 
European youth championships in 
July. 

TENNIS: The French teenager, 
Guy Forget, ousted Sweden's 
Henrik Sundsirom yesterday on the 
opening day of the Young Masters 
tournament for players aged 21 and 
under in West Berlin. Forger’s 
booming serve carried him to a 6-7 
6-3 M win in 1 10 minutes over 
third seed Sundstrom. 

• MELBOURNE, (.AFP) - the 
Australian umpire Dick French 
replied at criticisms by Kapil Dev 
yesterday, claiming that the Indian 
cricket captain was “clutching at 
straws'' after disappointment Over 
the drawn second test here. 








22 




THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 > 

Football: Everton’s 10 men move into second place after Chelsea’s game is called off 


1 Tt# lU 
‘ lw 


Qear skies for United 
after heavy weather 
against Birmingham 


Manchester United yesterday 
look advantage of Liverpool's 
newly acquired habit of drop* 
ping unnecessary points to 
increase their lead at the top of 
the first division. United, by no 
means faultless themselves 
recently, made heavy weather of 
defeating the club in twenty- 
first place. Birmingham City, 1- 
0 at Old TrafTord. Gibson, 
Uniicd's £350,000 signing from 
Aston Villa, scored the winner 
after 47 minutes to take them 
five points clear. 

United's victory was soured 
by an ankle injuQ' to McGrath, 
their Republic of Ireland inter- 
national defender. He was 
carried off after six minutes but 
Atkinson's team managed to 
cope with the set-back. Staple- 
ton moved into defence to 
partner the youngster. Garton, 
and they stifled Birmingham's 
few dangerous moments. 

The crowd of 43,095 were 
growing impatient by the time 
Gibson struck with a swerving 
shot which went in off a post. 
The goal took much of the 
pressure off United and Bir- 
mingham had their goalkeeper. 
Seaman, to thank for keeping 
them in contention. Saves from 
Whiteside and Gibson were 
especially noteworthy. 

Chelsea's opportunity of 
becoming first division leaders 
- if only for a few hours - was 
dashed by the postponement of 


By Vince Wright 

their morning match against 
West Ham United at Upton 
Park, but Ererton, who have 
climbed into second position, 
failed to gain maximum benefit 
in a hot-tempered 2-2 draw at St 
James' Park. A -goal by Steven 
gave Evenon a 1-0 half-time 
lead against Newcastle United 
but then an off-the-ball incident 
led to Newcastle’s equalizer 
after 58 minutes. Braceweli and 
Sharp, the guilty men, were 
both cautioned and from the 
free-kick Gascoigne scored. 

Seconds laier BraccwdJ was 
carried off with a badly bruised 
right shin following a clash with 
Newcastle’s forward, White- 
hurst, and when Sheedy left the 
Held injured shortly afterwards 
the referee, Colin Seek called 
the two captains together to try 
and calm things down. With 
football mercifully replacing 
feuding. Beardsley put New- 
castle ahead with his eleventh 
goal of the season after 73 
minutes. However, Everton's 10 
men showed great character and 
eight minutes from lime Sharp 
scored their equalizer from the 
penally spot after he had been 
fouled. 

Arsenal and Tottenham 
Hotspur did themselves no 
favours in a barren goalless 
draw at Highbury but Luton 
Town made up ground with a 3- 
1 home defeat of Leicester City. 
Harford improved his prospects 


Norwich capitalize 
on late errors 


By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Fulham 0 

Norwich City 

Fulhan. a dub that continually sells 
players for the sake of survival, paid 
a high pnee of their own at Craven 
cottage yesterday afternoon. In the 
final minute, a series or needless 
errors cost them a piont that may 
yet prove critical as they sit 
uncomfortably dose to the bottom 
of the second division. 

Donellan opened the sorry 
sequcncc of mistakes by ending 
Phelan's flight with cnide challenge 
for v.hich he was justifiably booked. 
Peyton continued it with an 
unnecessary and vain attempt to 
catch van Wyk’s free kick. Their 
defence closed by failing to 
challenge cither Watson beyond the 
far post, or Dnokcli. who glanced in 
a »:nner that was scarcely deserved. 

"It was a bad goal," Ray Harford. 
Fulham's manager, muttered after- 
wards. “ft was a lack of concen- 
tration by our goalkeeper but 
probably because he had had so 
little to do. If vc play like that, then 
we won’t lose many of the 21 games 
wc have left." The trouble is they 
probably won't win many either. 

For some 20 minutes Fulham 
were mere spectators. Norwich City, 
prompted by Williams, a former 
player manager or Bristol Rovers, 
put on a show of controlled fluency 
that suggested they would claim 
their seventh successive League 
victory with extravagant ease. But 
the balance Changed dramatically 
after Elkins. Fulham's left back, 
limped away on the half hour. 

Wimbledon 
get no 
justice 

By Nicholas Harling 

Wimbledon 

Portsmouth 3 

Rarely can a team have attacked 
mere and achieved less than 
Wimbledon did in their important 
match with Portsmouth before the 
h’ggsrst crowd of the season at 
Plough Lane yesterday. 

1: was difficult not to sympathize 
■with the London side. Whatever the 
dubious merits of their positive 
tactics, it was impossible to dispute 
the chaos they caused to the 
soundest defence in the division. 
Four of Wimbledon's 17 first half 
shots were cleared off the line after a 
second minute header by Cork had 
thudd e d off the bar, and Knight, the 
Portsmouth goalkeeper, was in 
constant action. 

in the veteran. Chaim on. and 
Wood, the promising youngster. 
Portsmouth had just the forwards in 
form, capable of exploiting iheir 
stde's incisive breaks from be- 
leaguered rearguard action. If the 
result was unjust, it certainly made 
for magnificent holiday entertain- 
ment 

£ vans and Downes making an 
encouraging return were the men 
denied by the goal-line clearances of 
Blake. Dillon, Gilbert and Kennedy 
respectively. By the time Knight 
saved from Evans just before the 
interval. Portsmouth, almost unbe- 
lievably, were two goals up. 
Channoc had a c ce p ted a square pass 
from Hilaire to drive a fierce left 
foot shot post Beasont in the 28th 
minute and after the second solo 
run by Wood inside 60 seconds. 
Hilaire had added another in the 
34ih minute. 

When Chnnnon flicked in a 
header from Kennedy’s cross in the 
51st minute for one of the most 
satisfying goals even he musi ever 
have scored. Portsmouth's rapier 
was proving embarrassingly more 
effective than Wimbledon's batter- 
ing ram. 

Not that W imbledon ever seemed 
remotely resigned to their late as the 
bookings of Hodges for a tasty fool 
on Tail and Wimerburn for dissent 
illustrated. Gilbert, also for dissenL 
and Hilaire for fouling Wise, the 
Wimbledon substitute, were the 
Portsmouth players to have their 
names iaken in a game that often 
threatened to, bat never quite, got 
out of hand. 

CorKI Haloway fsubi D WWk L Smetwt G 

ESSra/i it A.iWflfw «; 

DOW, N Btfa. w M 

Kmnalr.MChmi nBn.PW^ VW 1 ** 

R«fan«MRBed(Blimi0MB4* 


Norwich, who had scored a total 
of 20 goals in six games on their 
rapid ascent to the peak of the 
second division, gradually lost their 
poise, their grip, their way and 
almost the leadership as welL 

He also conceded that Norwich 
were saved by their goalkeeper, 
though the waywardness of the 
opposition was equally to blame. 
Once the outstanding' Parker, as 
huge in authority os he is smalt in 
stature, had sealed the holes in the 
middle of Fulham's defence, their 
increasingly enterprising midfield 
began to create opportunities for 
their attack. 

Achampong and Marshall each 
scorned chances at the end of the 
firal half and Done! Ian and 
Cotiington wasted others in the 
second. Woods, after involuntarily 
thwarting Fishendon and Coding- 
ton from dose range, foiled 
Fishendon who is on a month's loan 
from Wimbledon, again near the 
end. 

Fulham, suffering their fourth 
successive defeat, axe clearly in 
greater need of iL They were 
without their leading scorer. Coney, 
as well yesterday. Harford, who 
chose to omit him. refused to 
confirm reports that his centre 
forward was talking to Portsmouth's 
officials about the possibility of a 
£300,000 transfer. Yet another of 
their assets seems to be about to 
lcate. 

FULHAM: G Payton: B Cortnotore G Bkfcs 
(3ub: G Bvnattt. P Scott. J Hooura. P Partor. 
J Marshal. K Achampong, P Rshandon, C 
Can - LOOftfUfl. 

NORWICH CUV: c Woods: > Cvtoertrauae. D 
van Wyfc. S Bruca. M Photon, D WWW P 
Menteram.DWJteiaa. 

Ratonra: M Jamn (Glamorgan). 

Luck on the 
side of 
Sheffield 

Wiih Norwich City and Ports- 
mouth opening up a six-point lead 
at the top of the second division. 
Keith Edwards's thirteenth goal of 
the season proved especiaDy lucky 
for Sheffield United, as it gave them 
pn undeserved win over the bottom- 
placed club Carlisle United to keep 
fhem in touch with the third 
promotion place. 

Carlisle dominated the match but 
paid the price for missing three easy 
chances. In the first half Paul 
Barker shot wide from dose mugs 
after a mistake by Ken McNaugbt. 
then Mick Halsau shot wildly over 
the bar. Early in the second half 
Barker missed another o pp o r tunity, 
before Sheffield went ahead after 52 
minutes. Paul Stancliffe's throw-in 
was flicked on by McNaughi and 
Edwards scored with a header. 

Brighton and Hove Albion joined 
Sheffield on 40 points by recording 
their fourth win in five gomes, and 
third in succession, beaung Crystal 
Palace 2-0 in front of their biggest 
crowd of the season. 15.469. Palace, 
meanwhile, have now taken only 
one point from their last four games. 

Brighton’s first goal came after 28 
minutes when Gauge Wood let a 
20-yard shot from Dean Saunders 
slip through his fingers. 

Palace should have equalized 10 
m mules after the interval when 
Tony Fiamgan sliced wide in front 
of goal from Trevor Aylon’s pass. 

Brighton's winner came after 57 
minutes, when their top scorer, 
Danny Wilson, celebrating his 
birthday, also scored his thirteenth 
goal of the season, this one from the 
penalty spot after Kerin Taylor 
brought down Justin Fashanu. 

Steve Gatting came on as 
substitute for Brighton in the 65th 
minute, his first taste of League 
action for 13 months following a 
pelvic injury. 

Barnsley did their promotion 
chances no good, losing 4-1 at home 
to HuO City, who in their previous 
match had lost 5-0 at MiUwalL 

Leeds United ended a sequence of 
three consecutive defeats thanks to 
two goals in three minutes at the 

three-quarter stage of the match 

against Oldham Athletic. 

Ian Baird. Leeds's top scorer, 
produced their first goal with a 
header and re peat e d the feat to get 
their third. Andy Ritchie sewed the 
other after 73 minutes. Oldham’s 
first-half equalizer came from Roger 
Palmer. 

Grimsby Town secured their first 
win in five games with the help of 
two goals from their player -man- 
ager. Mike Lyons. They beat 
Shrewsbury 3-1. while a disputed 
penalty earned Blackburn Rovers a 
2-2 draw at Stoke City. 


of playing for England with 
three more goals to take his taDy 
for the season to 14. His first 
after 27 minutes was a 25-yard 
shot and his second was a 
majestic header from a Thomas 
cross' 20 minutes into the 
second half. 

Leicester, who offered more 
threat in the second half, palled 
a goal back through Bright but 
live minutes from the end 
Harford forced home his third. 
A pity that only 10,917 saw 
such entertaining foot balL 

The most astonishing recov- 
ery of the afternoon was by 
Nottingham Forest at the City 
ground. They were two goals 
behind to Coventry City but 
went on to win 5-2. Webb began 
the Sght back with a goal five 
minutes before the interval and 
added two more in the second 
half. Metgod and Davenport 
were the Forest's other mar- 
ksmen. Forest's manager. Brian 
Clough, who has had had much 
to say about other first division 
teams recently, must be relieved 
that his own returned to 
winning ways. 

Manchester City m aintain ed 
their recent improvement with 
a well-merited 1-0 triumph at 
Aston Villa, who were booed 
and jeered after their sixth 
successive home game without 
a win. Lillis scored the 53rd- 
rainutc winner. 

West Ham’s 
timing 
causes stir 

West Ham United could be in 
trouble over a delay in announcing 
the postponement of yesterday 
morning's match against Chelsea at 
Upton Park. The m*teh referee. 
Martin Bodenham. of Sussex, called 
off the London derby just before 
10am after inspecting the frosty 
pilch. That was only 90 minutes 
before kick-off time, and too late to 
prevent thousands of supporter* 
from making wasted journeys. 

Extel - the national sports news 
agency which serves radio, television 
and the national press - were not 
told until they telephoned the 
ground themselves at 10.10. The 
Football League were not informed 
by West Ham until 10.40. 

A League official, David Dent, 
explained: “When I was telephoned 
by the dob at 10.40 I asked when a 
decision had been made. I was told 
50 mhrates. The dub said they had 
been trying to ring ns. I can 
understand people getting angry. It 
is obviously an unsatisfactory 
situation when It takes so long to 
make it known that a match is off. 
Obviously many customers who 
travelled will feel irate.” 

Many sop porters using the 
District Line underground service, 
which links the two grounds, were 
able to turn back before completing 
their journey because the police 
acted quickly to get signs put out at 
all stations. 

The match was one of three 
morning games in London post- 
poned. the others being Charlton v 
Mill wall in the second division and 
Brentford v Notts County in the 
third. 




despite Rash’s 
encouraging for 


By Peter Ball 


2. 

Wednesday- — -2 


— _ . . 4 «,_ ,md ago nuaMuft «wuHwjion- 

Liverpool supped mt° meow- trap was breached, LrvapooTs 

^porilEw *t the intervMwas 

which ca^ them o« of the^ ^romisinfr Things changed dra- 
Yesterdays draw wttkSMBtU ^^Mfiowever, as TLivopool 
Wednesday, extended ihor ran ^ Kop. Johnston’s flkk 

without »_to to found Rush freotn front of goal, rad 

• SMSIRSm thi, time.Jie scored wilh finality, 
five points 


y££ri leadcnsMMSc» crUp ifr^-_ 

If rim y had any cause tor 
satisfaction, it came from seeing 
Rush ending his personal run of 

eight games without a goal. That 
offfers' for the new 

h,-h 

sloppy defensive wofle j«ncn ^ 

allowed Thomson toast* an TX S y hcroicSt & wr . 


yyialimr 

Liverpool were behind after 44 
seconds as Wednesday gained their 
first - and only - comer straight 
from the kick-offL The comer was 
on by Madden tor Shaft to 
hurl himself amT head home at the 
tar post. 

Wednesday's aggression ensured 
that Liverpool took their time to 
recover. Much of Liverpool's 
success has been based on pressuriz- 
ing opponents in iheir own half but 
neither Motby nor. his fellows in 
their three-man central defence 
looked happy tactics. 

When it did come, mainly from 
Molb/s long, searching balls or 
Wbdan’s incursions Bom the 
unaccustomed position of left back. 


seemed to 

have been in vain as DaJgfish made 
an inspired substitution. Walsh had 
replaced his manager only a minute 
earlier when the ball ran luckily for 
him in the area and be placed his 
shot calmly beyond Hodge's dive. 

Wednesday’s- attack, limited at 
the best of tunes, bad by then been 
long invisible, and the- remaining 15 
minutes seemed- a formality until 
Molby missed Shim's flick to allow 
inThomson. 

UVERPOOU B Grobtrataar; 8 Meet K 
McDonald. M Lawranson. r Whelan, A 

SHEFRELDWEDHESDAY: M Hodge: P 

SWrtJBf, M-andfc LMjddm. C Monte. G 
i toning U Chombertata. C Shut. G 
Thmpam N Wbrtfihqton (ate M Station^* 
Eraoonf.' 

Retantt R Bridges (CTwyd). 


Gillingham Whirlwind 
show no flattens 


Rix down on his lock as Waddle slips past him (Photograph: Chris Cole). 

The morning-after men struggle 
to find their feet at Highbury 


reverence 

By Simon O’Hagan 

Reading 1 Celtic 

Gillingham.^. ... .... 


Rangers 

By Hugh Taylor 


2 Rangers. 




Bt Clive White 


Arsenal ....—..-0 

Tottenham Hotspur ..........0 

It was on ill -opportune moment 
to record the first goalless draw at 
Highbury between these famour 
rivals is 77 years of healthy, 
productive activity. An encouraging 
crowd of 45.109 had dragged 
themselves out for the morning 
kick-off after the night before only 
to witness a performance which bad 
all the vigour of a New Year’s eve 
reveller who had celebrated to 
excess. 

The performance, however, was 
undermined by conditions which 
were more difficult than the crowd, 
perhaps, realized. The glorious 
morning sum had only thawed the 
surface, making foothold as preca- 
rius u that for a co vice ice skater. 

The stalemate brought run of 
three consecutive, good quality 
victories to a dose for Arsenal, who 
nave capitalized recently on the 
enthusiasm of their youngsters. But 
yesterday Quinn and Rocastle 
found the conditions more intimi- 
dating than Tottenham and the long 
legged Quinn was eventually 
substituted. 

Despite spam of genius from 
Ardiles. Hoddle and Nicholas, it 
was regrettably true that the game 
would be best remembered for one 
horrendous tackle by Roberts on 
Nicholas which carried both players 
off the field, through an advertising 
hoarding and into the laps of 
ringside spectators. 

Robert's “tackle” bad all the 


finesse of a chairing rhino but 
though hopelessly ill timed - as so 
many of his challenges this season 
have been - I do not believe it was 
malicious. For a moment it 
threatened to spark a riot as Arsenal 
players reacted furiously to the 
referee's decision to merelv warn 
Roberts. Peter Shreeve, the Totten- 
ham manager. commented: 
“Roberts was totally committed. 
Charlie never complamd. And he's 
an honest lad. Situations in front of 
the main stand always to tend to 
flare up." 

Fortunately tempers cooled be- 
fore any real damage could be done, 
the hoarding apart. The least 
affected seemed Roberts who 10 
minutes later went in a trifle roughly 
on Davis as if to prove his mental 
well-being and was booked by the 
referee with a keenness that 
suggested be had had self-recriina- 
rions about his earlier decision to 
absolve Roberts. Houghton was also 
booked for a later foul on ADinson. 

The football came in fits and 
starts. Tottenham seemed to take an 
early hold in midfield though they 
had nothing tangible to show for it. 
Arsenal sup p o r te r s w e r e quick to 
forget the team’s recent strides and 
Rix was not the only player to sense 
dissatisfaction among the audience. 
Yei Arsenal's Nicholas, a prolific 
scorer in these derbies produced the 
only first half strike of note, turning 
a header on to the bar then post with 
Clemence well beaten. 

Totte nh a m squeezed their grip a 
little harder soon after the interval 
and Arsenal were thankful that at 
least Lukic had not f orgotten his 


good form of 1985, recovering to 
save a close range shot by Fako that 
seemed to have eluded him. The 
Arsenal defence, in which O’Leary 
was outstanding, for the most part 
looked encouragingly secure and 
confident- 

Arsenal, desperately missing the 
driving force of Robson, who was 
absent with a groin strain, did not 
catch sight. of the Tottenham goal 
again until the 78th minute when a 
move, which had . its origins in a 
neat pass from Rocastle, Robson's 
replacement, almost produced a 
match-winning goal for Quinn. But 
his goaJbound shot was blocked by 
the loitering body of his friend and. 
confidant Rix. 

ARSENAL: J Lutoc V Andoraon. K tenon, P~ 
Davis, D CLoaiy. M Kacrwn. I AJJbmon, D 
Rocastle, C Nicholas. N Outan, (sub: A 
Woodcock). G Rlx. 

TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR R Ctanunoe; G 
Stmo*. C Hugtaon. G. Roberto. G Mobbutt, S 
Perryman. O Ardtas. M Fafco. C Alert. G 
HoftlwCWaddto. 

RafwocJ Mottos (tnattMtona, EMM*. 

Schuster move 

Barcelona (AFP} - The West 
German inter national mirifiHfl 
player. Bemd Schuster, has told the 
Spanish League champions Barce- 
lona that he wants to leave at the 
end of the season. Barcelona's 
manager. Terry Venables, said 
Schuster wanted a "change of air" 
after five years at the dub. Schuster, 
whose contract runs until 1988. 
apparently wants to leave for a 
better contract, and also because he 
is in dispute with Jose Lois Nunez, 
the Barcelona president. 


YESTERDAY’S RESULTS AND TABLES 


First division 


KD0 TOTTENHAM (30 


ffil 

(30 


d»* 


Q1 


130 


ARSENAL 
45,109 

ASTON VILLA (0)0 MAN CITY 

14.2 15 LAs 

IPSWICH (0)0 WATFORD 

15.022 

LIVERPOOL (0)2 SHEFFIELD W 

Rusb-Watah Shut: 

3096* Thompscn 

LUTON (1)3 LEICESTER 

Harford 3 Bncw 

10L917 

MAN UNITED (0)1 BIRMINGHAM 

GO»n 43.095 

NEWCASTLE (0)2 EVERTON 

Gascogne Swwn 

Beantetev 27820 

NOTTM FOREST (1)5 COVENTRY 

Wott>3 Raps 

Markses ACwrc 

Dwwwofl 13.880 

OP RANGERS (2)3 OXFORD <31 

Afioo Lawonfy 

FmCayBvr* 19.345 

SOUTHAMPTON (0)3 W EST BROW (31 
CodtariB VarstS 

WaSaca 13,154 

Armsrtrong 

WEST HAM P CHELSEA P 

L F A PO 
4 42 15 E2 

6 56 32 47 
4 49 25 47 
4 38 23 47 

4 38 20 4S 

5 40 33 43 

6 28 23 42 
B 41 29 41 

10 4i 38 37 
9 33 29 35 

7 34 36 25 
9 4G 33 33 

1C 33 35 X 
12 24 3: 30 
15 29 33 29 
12 33 4« 25 
12 29 4C-24 
12 28 38 23 

11 58 43 23 
IS 19 38 23 
IG !4 24 18 
17 22 59 12 


Second division 

0>l 


BARNSLEY 

Off ’pw) 

BRADFORD 

Sngrtcn 
Vwrzr.% 
BRIGHTON 
S*.-e*a 
Wise- £4T) 
CHARLTON A 
FULHAM 
7453 


TO* 


r.ia 

It) a 

P 

(310 

ft 1 3 

•r,* 

.r,o 

ffii 


STOKE ui T C]2 

1875 

(DT 

Cert 

93££ 


HULLCnT 

McEw*n(pan) 
DoytaRMB 
SUHDERLAW (0)0 
8389 

atHuddwxMd 
C PALACE (0)0 
15.469 


MU-WALL 
NORWICH 
Or nfctf 


HU L/d-32 


!E2 


ty 

3»-2 2 
°-2He 
MDOLESmO 
332 Z 

SHEFFIELD U 


Cross 

(.750 

OLDHAM A 
PaCatr 
19JB30 


P 

(0)1 

(t)1 

l*>1 

OH 

(0)0 

( 1)2 


Barter Don) 
PORTSMOUTH (2)9 
Chnnnon 2 
Milan 


10581 


Third division 

BOLTON (1)1 WHAN (1)2 

Thompson (poo) NwmO, Barrow 

9252 

BRENTFORD P NOTTS COUNTY P 

DONCASTER (0)1 BURT (0)0 

Danutas 3.283 

LINCOLN (0)1 QARUNQ70N (0)1 

McGHsr Any 

Z304 

NEWPORT 1 DERBY 0 

S tra tf o rd 

(nmOanad oRk 39 mirotn) 

PLYMOUTH (2J4 CARDIFF (2)4 

NMaon.SunwwiitaW Timor. Ford 
CJnytcn, Hodgos Vaucaan 

B£Z0 UUtan (pan) 

READING (1)1 OaXMOHAM (1)2 

Homs Bvrra, Esor 

10.885 

ROTHERHAM (4>4 BLACKPOOL (0)1 

Gocdtag. Ernanon Wash 
□mgwcrti 4JZ0C 


Fourth division 


WREXHAM 

BrignuU 

Moonay 

4.037 

PORT VALE 
Earta 

6JM> 


P W O 

Martcbastar Urwwj 24 IB 4 
Ewrni 25 14 5 

LjuarpocJ 25 13 8 

OwbM 23 14 5 

West M*m Um*d 23 13 6 
SfofftaldWteo 25 12 7 
Arrival 24 12 8 

LieonTcum 25 it 8 

Ncw n qhw i Fdrost 25 11 4 
Totwnram 24 10 S 

NowcasCa Ufcad 2* 9 8 
Watford 24 9 6 

Soumampwn 24 S 8 
OPR 24 9 3 

. Manchester Cey 25 7 8 
• ' ‘ -CSty 25 6 7 

24 6 6 

25 5 8 

24 5 8 

25 5 S 

24 5 3 

25 2 6 


KcnrchCly 

P zrsr xcTi 

Artaocr 

a-araw 


Aston wta 


H-JOty 

BjdO crrKswn 
Br og^tf Car 
Laatfs '.tsks 
S awcsf 

S*MA&urt7nn 
Siftam 25 

Grimy Ts»ei 24 

CkSart A-toSo 24 8 

MXwoS 22 • 

veatsSrooF 24 7 

K M tenflwarem 2* » 

FJharr 21 7 

Sartsta 'Jilted 23 4 


P W 
24 14 

24 15 

25 12 
22 12 
Z5 12 
25 11 
25 19 
25 9 
24 10 

24 9 
22 10 

25 9 
24 

a 

a 


o L F 
G 4 49 

3 a 43 

8 7 33 

4 a 40 

4 S 44 
7 7 42 
7 9 27 
B B 41 

5 9 30 
S 7 28 

3 9 27 
5 11 32 

7 10 7 a 
5 12 30 

5 12 S3 
7 10 37 

4 12 34 
3 11 33 

6 11 21 

9 9 33 
2 12 22 
3 18 20 


APIS 
23 48 
19 48 

28 42 
25 40 
38 to 
34 40 
23 37 

38 3S 

29 35 

30 35 

31 33 
41 32 
23 31 

39 28 

37 29 
30 2B 

40 28 

38 27 
27 27 
<0 U 
30 23 
49 15 


<0)1 BOURNEMOUTH (1)1 
McCarthy Carts 

6989 

WALSALL (2)3 YORK CITY (0)1 

Crow* 2(1 pan) UaePtn* 

Eton 5843 

WOLVES (1)1 CHESTERFIELD (0)0 

Pinto 5229 


BURNLEY (2)3 
Tartar, DNfdn 
GTOMXXk 
PartnrZ 

CHESTER (2)4 
Houghton 2 
Rfchsnteanjpanl 
ONwac 

CREWE P TRAMMERE 

HARTLEPOOL (2)3 HALFAX 
9mddar2 3892 

Dtaoa 

HEREFORD (0)4 EXETER 
MMs2 Harrow 

Kfcom».Mw 3,157 

NORTH AMPTON P ORBIT 

PETE R8 0W0 (fDI SOUTHEND 

PRESTON (0)0 
3,705 

CrambortMn 

ROCHDALE (T)2 CAMB RI D GE 
Mooro.Coafua Utnay(pa 4 

(0)8 SCUNTHORPE 


S TOC KP ORT 

3804 


fl—i rflnn 
nvKira 

Darby County 
RymouBiAfgyta 


Badqsod 
Wain* 

□Mngnom 
Wigan AaroUc 
Noa County 

Brantford 
Yortdty 
RothortmrUrtM 
SnaolOfy 


Buy 

BouwnouOi 


BcMon Wondonre 
rCbotty 


Scottish premier division Scottish first division 


FCay 
UncokiCKy 


CELTIC 


RANGERS 

(03 

AIRDRE P 

HAMLTON 

P 

MCGUBW! 




CLYDE P 

nutncK 

P 

McCUB- 




SUMBMrroH ( 2)1 


(Z )2 

DUWEE 

TO« 

ABERDEEN 

w.O 

Sxtraryper! 

Tumar 

HEARTS 

1113 

HDERMAH 

{Cjl 



Rctnrtscn (2) 


Marcs 


EASTFWE R)B 

MONTROSE 

TO 8 

Ctart 




FALKKK (1)J 

ALLOA 

W 1 

MOTHERWELL 

P 

DUNDEE UTD 

P 

Gu.-saa-'pir,' 

Sons* 

STMRREM 

(1)3 

CLYDEBANK 

TO o 

Lutanr* 



Warm 



SUM 



Bauaincfc 




FORFAR P 

8 RECHM 

P 

AlwnoreEy 

Hearts 

? 

22 

VI S l r IPS 

11 t 5 3* 23 28 

KJHARN0CX flit 
Brysan'por; 

AYR IMTED 
ifcWyro (pan) 

( 8)2 


tty 


p W 
25 20 
22 12 
25 12 
28 11 
25 11 

23 12 

24 11 
24 11 
24 11 

23 11 

24 II 

25 a 

24 8 
24 7 

24 7 

25 8 

23 8 

24 7 
Z3 4 

24 8 

23 8 

25 4 
25 5 

24 5 


D L F 
2 3 43 

7 3 48 

8 7 43 
8 7 28 
7 7 47 
4 7 45 

7 6 44 

6 7 40 

8 7 39 
6 6 28 
4 9 41 
8 9 31 
8 8 30 
8 8 28 

7 10 37 
4 13 37 

4 « 30 

5 12 24 
12 7 22 

8 12 39 
5 14 32 

9 12 30 
5 15 32 
4 15 19 


A PM 
22 62 
18 43 
33 42 
31 41 

29 40 
31 40 

30 40 
28 39 
30 39 

28 a 

30 37 

31 32 
35 32 
30 29 
38 28 
as 2 B 

42 28 
33 28 

28 a* 

51 24 
49 23 
51 21 
to 20 
45 19 


Cota. Woda 
SJH2 
TORQUAY 

SMndonTown 


R 2 




ft)1 


P 

( 0)1 


P 

mi 


.(112 

cm 

TO« 

TO1 


P ALDERSHOT . 


MamOaklTown 
Hartfcpool IWtad 
PonVN* 

OnaM 

SouOiand IMmI 


Hartford United 


Aktaratat 


cay 

CWOrtdga United 
5artnorpa IMted 

QmaAJaxandEB 


¥M MlLII_ 1 . Hi II 

rifWMWiiDU 

Torquay UaBad 


P W 
24 18 
24 13 
24 13 

23 13 

24 11 
2t 11 
23 T! 

25 11 

23 11 

24 10 

a* io 
23 9 
23 ID 

23 0. 

24 7 
24 8 

23 7 

22 7 
28 7 

24 5 
a 5 
24 4 
24 3 

23 3 


L F A Pte 
7 34 25 48 
3 51 25 47 

6 48 28 44 

7 39 29 42 

8 38 20 40 
8 42 30 40 
5 38 35 40 
7 39 37 40 

7 34 34 38 

8 40 34 35 

9 38 32 35 
5 51 32 33 

3 10 42 38 33 

4 10 48 38 31 
9 8 33 38 30 

5 11 32 38 29 

7 9 32 48 28 

8 9 24 30 27 

4 IS 38 57 25 

9 10 23 30 24 
8 12 24 39 21 

iua«» 

5 14 30 51 30 
4 18 19 54 13 


Readings domination of the 
third division has been one of the 
most remarkable features of the 
season, but any hopes they bad of 
keeping their nHHnen turn, going into 
the New Year received a setback at 
Bm Park yesterday when, in 
pouring rain, they lost a thoroughly 
entertaining dutch to Gillingham. 

This was iheir third league defeat 
of the season in. 25 matches and 
their second af home; but they still 
lead the table by 19 points and it is 
deariy not quite yet the time for any 
internal blood-letting. . 

Nonetheless. Gimngham, them- 
selves on the fringes of the 
promotion race, showed that if 
Readings muscular, long-ball ap- 
proach is combatted with equally 
tenacious but-rather mbre accurate 
play, then there is ob reason to be in 
awe of them. 

- Senior. Reading's prolific for- 
ward, was kept well in check and his 
, side only really looked a force when . 
■ Gilkcs, a skilful "Winger, -began to ruft 
at the defence: . .Gillingham never 
. surrendered the initiative, rtmmgh, 
which they gained in the' second 
minute when a ; headed clearance 
following s comer fell to Byrne on 
the edge of the area and be drove the 
ball into the comer of the net - 

Reading equalized after .16 
minutes with an equally good strike 
by Horrix after what proved to be 
their outstanding move of the 
match, Gilkcs making an incisive 
run before Horrix met Roger’s cross 
with a glorious volley. . 

Thereafter both sides traded 
Hows in a match which, as 
conditions worsened and tension 
among Reading’s second biggest 
crowd of the season increased, took 
on the quality ofa minor epic. . 

It culminated in ' Gillingham’s 
winning goal 10 minutes from the 
end when Ebey. the left bode drove 
a freorkkk from 20 yards past 
Reading's wall and beyond the reach 
of ^ Westwood. 

HEA0MQ: O WtoHOO* G Patera C Mo. S 
Baaron. M Wdo. S Wood. G BurvK, D HoWta, 
TSarfor.MGRHfcARogaro. - H 
oiuamHAl* R Sago. K Hroy, K 

a*«, MWwtady.J Htanlgon. D Byrne, D 
Shroro r. MjtoMnoon, 0 Itohmot A Coocaitna. 
Rotarac J Efcsy. 

Blackpool and 
Plymouth are 
both hit for four 

Bladkiwors third division pro- 
motion chances suffered a big 
setback when they went down 4-1 at 
Rotherham. They watfP4-0 down at 
half-time, though goobby Gooding, 
Emerson. Dungwurdi and Sim- 
mons. Walsh polled* goal bade, but 
Rotherham held theupper band, 

Plyponth Aigyfc grabbed two 
goals ui the last, seven minutes to 
s natc h a point arm 4-4 draw after an 
extraordinary ece-saw march in the 
mud, against.Ctaidifl'CSty. 

.Wigan Athletic earned the points 
with a thrOSag derby dash at Boftrra 
WandcreaB’ which was marred by the 
sending-off uf the Bolton mhmeld 
player Sieve Thompson in the S7th 
minute. 

Thompson was given his jnarch- 
ing orders for a efaH^ngr on Barry 
Ka odti and before . 6olion . had 
pulled- themselves together Graham 
Barrow headed his side's 58th 
mimoe winner from a Davie Lone 


ta ri w 
CundNUritod 
CflCc 
Rwwi 
OunSw 
a«nw 
HUMrnJan 
Cydotank 


£0 9 6 5 £3 19 24 

19 9 6 4 27 16 24 

19 10 4 5 28 19 24 

21 B 5 8 25 £4 21 

21 8 5 S £3 23 21 

19 8 2 9 27 30 1* 

19 6 5 8 27 34 17 

22 4 6 13 17 38 13 

IB 3 4 it 16 31 13 


SOUTHERN LEAGUE: 

Alwefunn 0, OodHota 0; CMraatora 4, 
Waorrtd 1; Faber 1 Gmuantf t Gomri 1 
D a »»XrUo l w 2: H S Sa t t hoi r gta n 3. FanAasi 
tk Shopohad a Corby a Mdtand d M alaw 
Banbury t Brtdo nc rth , patfg a wi; B n an a ct e wi 
1 WOndmoueh O-. FenwJ CnMo 2 . 


u ari , W 

ForarA ssrj 
CLerarem 
noun 
Braes* Gey 
CyU* 

PNMiTfara 


East Re 

AZeaAStote 

Matfrsra 

Merton 

AyTlteMtf 


P W 

n 12 

22 13 
n 9 
r 9 

21 9 

19 tB 
19 8 

£9 8 
29 B 

22 4 
19 5 

21 4 

22 5 
2t 5 


D L 
0 3 

5 7 

7 5 

6 5 

5 7 
3 8 

8 G 

7 7 

6 fl 
19 8 

8 S 
B 8 
6 11 
5 11 


F APB 
45 S3 38 
34 38 £5 
27 24 25 

31 23 2* 
30 19 23 

32 2* 23 
22 2* 20 
» 33 19 
29 24 IB 
22 29 18 
27 31 18 
22 31 W 
a 42 16 
21 39 15 


OOLA LEAGUE: Boratt 0, ErttaM 1; BUM 1, 
w q y i n o utf i 1 atandonta rag flout Dantonl i. 

i*raa®BXHi 1 , ok IXSftaT Ip 

1. Runcorn 1: Scarbrnuaft « TrtcMmf- 

pabaMi t Sttobrd o, t«ss?J a. W s m am 

1. feoiattjnO. 

yuaHU . OW. USAQUE: Fr—tor tertato t 
Oorttaa ¥ VMtantaow. poatponatf; BmU 6 . 
FarrtauuQP T; CarouRor 1 . Saaon uAh 14; 
DuMri 1. CroytSXT 1: Epsom and Eanril 1. 
ToOHna and MBeham 2: HaywO, WSndooPiM 
Bon ft Handon 1. BtahCC * StirtJord 1 : McMn 

2. O Blri cw £ KaigneMn 1. Wortftofl 1; 
Staugir 1. WeUngftm 1: Ytert Z Harrow Z 
Pint dtatetaK Asten 1, Lsww 4: Basteon 0, 
Layton wngm T; ctMten 1. St Warn 4i 
FteMay 1. (Mrtdga T: Gram 1 TBun 3; 
ttamptoq 0. (Mortf City l; Hwtow 1. 
Hemdi u rdi 1: Uatfad—d 3L Brorteay % 

t/OfotU 1. Bertram Wood 1; 
( IMted 2. WoAon and Harstwa 1 ; 
- 1. GMUto ft Utmd dtatalio aatik 
i 9 I iMMWlfl ll ttuUharauaul 
i dm mkvhkmih i, PinnMMn 


GREAT HUS WESTERN LEAGUE: ft— Nr 
4MM— M C8Y3. MMhMtf 0- IRNU 


Manv Farm 8. Ctevadai % fianauh 4, StaMi 
3; M M W1 MI .I. Froara 0 5 GtaURn MM r. 
Oradoan $ Mtasaan-StapspMn £ Mangatf- 
MH& M dMM— Brim 2, OMDowu 0; 
Danttaa L ftwraty Brinoi u Lrawral i, 
Qtawwy i: tataxmray 1. MDn Rowtra X 
M oftar mtodwa poatpoaotf. 

ESSEX OOUHTY LEAOUfc Ctomy Wteri 2. 


COUNflB LEAGUE: . .. 
MNc BAa 1. CUM— ft CtwtMy 3. 
Virgflit Water ft GnttW^t Y God ** 0 . 
FnAamvAaft IMted; Ftaotvl' “ ‘ 


po m po u o d : riW y Grawtl 
dan town 3. Mtidto Vtic ft 


WsrBoyWMniy 
m a com ft 
ft 0—31—2, 


B, ombre st pmt .ts.CNpKn v i te j^waji 


Mnh— b ft— no gc i*. 

Oteahu tg 2; Trtng 4, Won— an 1; V tectfral 

Scottish second division S%hwmt£ 


FteMphlteMra b WntfM d l.Otebhoro3. 
JMJBWtr LEABBt BMW & Mkn ft 
C—naftte 3, Itaftae 1: o«M ft M— toy i; 
Hyoa w Gate tam d. nnurnnail; v3o£ ft 

ftMaraaxatwft ’ WWtogian 

w fo nanqtom ft Sotex 

0.4MtaDftAtaakn. 


Sutton Part 


p estporratf: RvMan i, R*«Wi ft S«*cn 

CofcJfiaM 2VS Rugby 2. Sautfram datata 
AstrttarU 0, ConrtJoan 4; Canttodga Gry v 
BunMn ana Haangaor, poM pcneC 
CoflMOay ft ThonM t. Owtfiam 1. Haseegs 
ft Dow 4 WooCSord I: Proto 1. Satebuy *• 
(Atandorod halt Hera) RiiMp 1. Andonr ft 


Stwdpmr ft OUratant 1; Ttimtrtdra 3, 
Dorehntor ft WatoriowR* ftToftriegaft 


<Q0 

COWDENB EA TH P 
QUESTS PARK p)2 
WaJcor. Ftarar 
ST JO) IU I ONE P 
9TEHHQU9EMUR p 
ITHM P 

STlWStAER (5)8 


b : 

AUK»N0VEHSTO a 

AfOROATH P 
EAST STRUNG P 
MAITHJBVKH*- P 
Q OP SOUTH (3)2 
Msft«to2 


Rutofo Manor ft M ai m y ft Swtaai ft 
ItotoMy ft ttertiw ft WBHog ft PMaoEoid ft 

mtSH LEAGUE: Anla ft Gtanam 8: Byynoie 
ft OtantefNi T: Carridi ft O ta tfl ary ft 


3. Lartw i; Nawy ft Bartflor i.pemdownft 
ColaraMft 


Boro £lm In red 

bBVC 

loss of£l3^dbfftm the bn’ 

DwitB oatia* .their fosses 
£322^00 the previous yew the 
dob is£l mifoon m QttoL 


Hwb always an uphill battle for 
Bolton, who trad gone behind in the 
19th minute to a Milce Newell 
header. 

.'They fought beck and equalized 
m the 33rd r mnme when Thompson 
tooted from the penalty soot after 
Tony Gddwdl JadStTfoo^ 
tiemn by gralkeqper Toy Tanks. 

_A teuth-mimat ftoel .br Colin 
Corite looked a n jt ‘would be 
Moagh to gzve.Bosrnemonth all the 
prantei against Swa nse a City but a 
sustained tocond-half effort by the 
visitors brought them a wed -de- 
served goal from Sean McCarthy - 
his first league goal —a minute fr gq i 
the end. 

Responding to an appeal to chow 
that Swansea people really do want 
tokcepfootiall afive in the city, the 
vetch fidd bad its b igg e st g rt e of 
the season* &989. 

. Swindon Town mamteioed their 
lead tt the top of ' 

table with a 2-1 .. 

Cokhcster United 

CofesndWade. 

_® ,e * ter Cftr sucained their 

sgsauajsg 

foul m the 89th minute. 

BJttrffeH Town say tiurd after 

521.2? Eng 

tiy Cara ts and 


at home to 
to goals by 


Hearts tighten 
their grip on 
premier position 

Heart of Midjotfuan ha ye started 
the New Year mi the high note of 
success on which They finished 1985 
(Hugh Taylor writes). 

Seemigly invincible, they beat 

Hxbeiuiut 3-1 -in llie Frfmhnrg H 

d4rb y at Tynecastle and have now 
completed a run of 14- g amr-s 
without defrwf. Theor victory 
consolidates iheirposition at top 
of the premier division, which ey 
lead by four points, although then: 
main rivals have gajmes in band. 

hep: wo riunamaaojilwii no-no n- 
tossu ajvroach was mudi in 
evidence and ' they proved' &r too 
good for Hibernian, whose r ece n t 
nm of success bay come 'to 1 . a arf 
qkL Goals from Tan Jardine. 
Robertson and Ostk- saw them 
gPpB C convincing victors over 
their neighbours, whose goal was 
scor ed by Cowan. 

Aberdeen continue to 3&p and if 
they fail to retain the championship 
they can hpmigi j[ qq rliwr 
deplorable away. form. They have 
only won two matches outside 
Pitoanc and although t h ff * r msn- 
a g er ' Alec Ferguson, marie seveeral 
changes yesterday they could only 
draw 0-0 with the improving 
Bwfce at Dens F*t Ct£S 
thftt they . have .come ri gh t into 
contention with an' fm p p» y«.l v ^ win 
® ver which, give them 

netu£ fi» mar important game om 
.Saturday at Taimacfice with Dundee 
Unbed, Hfoose match with Mother- 
we ” 81 Hr Park was. postponed. 

A wdcome return to form was 
made by St Mirren, who beat 
yyoehank 3*0 at Paisley- Winnie, 
fcatzpffiicfc and Abocr omb ic scored 
for Sains* who showed the -style 
which earlier in the s eas o n, had 
made them loot so promuiiW; - 
■The win helps them to p®3 ftwgy 

Born the rgh yrtinq whirfi now 

ftiroesrawiirbeocciixncdfortitexsst 
«tho- season by Mbfecvefl and 
OyfletesiE. . - 


# 




the importance of Rush was 
d emo ns trated. 

For a time his lock showed no signs 
of turning as tw» dear chances went 
bagging. With Molby and'M^fahon 
also f *“ ” r ~" — 




The effixt it had on his team 
males was visible as Wednesday 
were driven bade. Hodge flung 
himself around desperately to hold 

the line, as wave after wave of 
anaicks poured, down on him; 
somehow ' he turned Johnston’s 

dose range effort into the side 
.. - - s 


k- j 1 : 


■>' -t 






j * . • . - 


Goals from McGugan gave Celtic 
victory in an Old Firm encounter at 
Parkhead. which kept a crowd of 
49,812 enthralled. Celtic took the 
points because they were more 
direct and better finishers than their 
old rivals. Yet Rangers emerged 
with credit from a game in which, 
while always ' robust and 'often 
played at whirlwind pace, was 
spiced with old- fashioned Scottish 
crafts manshni p. especially when 
midfield experts such as Celtic's 
McStay and Burns and Rangers' 
Ferguson and Durrani were allowed 
time in which to exploit their 
blossoming talents, 

Celtic’s Ne’erday -wish came true 
early when they opened the scoring 
in the ninth minute with the 
simplest of goals. When a free-kick 
taken by Archdeacon floated over 
the Rangers' goal area, McGugan 
found himself alt on his own and 
easily headed past Walker. 

To their credit. Rangers re- 
covered valiantly from this early 
blow and began to attack wilh a 
venom upsetting to the Celtic 
defence: The .veteran McGrairu .who 
had been recalled once again, rallied 
his flagging colleagues but Rangers 
failed to take advantage of well- 
designed op enings. 

After the interval, Celtic came 
into, a game described by their 
manager, David Hay, afterwards, as 
“just about our best team display of 
the season". Again, they made a 
splendid starts scoring through a 
header from McClair in the 49th 
minute, and again the Rangers’ 
defence was not blameless, foiling to 
dear after a scramble in which 
McStay was allowed two foots 
before the ball was forced over the 
UnebyMoClair. r . 

It was one of the more sporting 
Old Firm occasions, with only three 
players, cautioned - McMnw and 
Bell of Rangers, Archdeacon, of 

Cdtic. Not for a long time has a 
Parkhead crowd sighed and swayed 
as one narrow escape followed 
another in a rousing contest. 
Rangers felt they had made more 
chances than Celtic.- 

Perhaps they bad. But, even 
without Johnston, their expensive 
forward, who was 31. Celtic's snack 
was much sharper than Rangers' 
and, in the end, their victory was 
convincing. 

CELTIC: P Bonnor W McStey. 0 UoGrair, R 
Ankon. P McGugan. p Grant. B McGhee, T 
Bam O ArchtaKcn. 

RANGERS: M WMcor; A Damson, S Muaro. D 
AtoRranwn, C Potarewv l Dun-ant, A McCotat 
fl Rg weK. R W Wtetoro . DFomtacn (sod D 


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Bell s good 
% form fails 
to press the 
whiner 

ScbkdmlM, Austria (Reuter) - 
/Raer Wira-jbergci. of Austria, won 
his seco nd W orld Ctap downhill net. 
or foe season on Tuesday fin2 
-almost a second ahead of Swfi™? 
land's Peter Mullc)-^ ^witzer- 

' V 1 ; The . rw * ®1» confirmed foe. 

VjWTO^B form ofRriuuu-s Mai ^ 

S taW Oram. 

• Ijehind Wirnsberger. *** '* uscc I wemngton team, can underline ; The most valuable race on an 


THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 21986 
RACING; SCUDAMORE TAKES OVER ON MRS PITMAN'S TOP CHASER 


SPORT 



By Mandarin- . 

» the leading the disappointing Against" The 


- — ■- — - Mw aui ui K.u me j.4i 

««?*> with a 


“j speed of more 
105 .tatometres per hour 
' MflBeT, with 10 Worid 
• downhill wins to his 
’ second in 1:57.84 


"'“v *T*auouagET. II" pr ^ ■■ luvau ruuauic IOM UU dii 

The Austrian negotiated the 3 4ns '™ mpion Hurdle chance attractive Cheltenham card is 

u "- "“ J2r - "g^tog aqnaltrty field in.die ; the Pood -Broket* Happy New 

rood Broken Fenero Rocher Year Handicap Chase in which 
morale at Chelt enha m this Northern Bay lodes die pick rat 
“ffpJGOp* . . iheweights.Tom BtD’s 10-year- 

t he Brum gelding took on old won twice over four miles 
top class for the first time on the of more last season when only a 


Cup 
Credit, was 


- EnvraResch/wiherhOTtiS^filS^ ?? nne 1351 *>Hmth and novice , and should be cherry 
* “ * years | ^* lov y e ^ he was not racing out of . ripe after- two races over shorter 


Bgo, third in 1:57.92. 

■-^pi^sfcKsas 


standings, ahead of Muller, The pair 1 8041 Brief with the 

overall I subsequent impressive Kan- 


.The .promising Ulan Bator 
.has an excellent chance to gain 

rtanriiniM «;»u‘ wi' — w, «“i "T — ““i-'w*'* » u ir . his first wiii over fences in the 
rhan LSem£«r™- 0nc ^ R* 011 wm “ cr » Aonoch/among Food Brokers’ Dataview Novic- 

tWtobind. -es’ Chase while little Bay 

Ran.T:t.pwinwbar 9 ar(AuBa l i£6.87-2.P «. Ro ® m Wonder, Out Of The shoitid. defy top weight in the 
Mgui (Swrfc T^ftTaEReS' Gloout and Sheer Gold, who Fairfoid Handicap Chase if Phil 
ffiy vA finished fourth, fifth and sev- Tuck can persuade him to put 

respectively, now re-op- -bis best foot forward. •• -• - 
(SMbiig&s?; s, b sbarejototto mv i f* re pose my selection . on better Catch Phrase has always 

terms and, strictly bn the book, looked a good chaser in the 
Robin Wonder is entitled to making . and - Josh Gifford 
gain his revenge. However, the 
race was. very slowly-run and 
not too much should be rea 
the bare form. 



Tuck is replaced on 
Burrough Hill Lad 


Phil Tuck has lost his job as 
jockey on top chaser Burrough Hill 
Lad following two recent Asfeniq 
Tuck, aged 29. has won 12 races on 
Burrough Hill Lad. including the 
1984 Cheltenham Gold Cup, but he 
will now be replaced by Peter 
Scudamore. 

The hone is trained at Lomboum 
by Jenny Pitman who said 
yesterday: “I do not want io become 
involved in the matter. It was the 
decision of the owner Stan Riley to 
replace Phil with Peier Scudamore.” 

Riley's wife. Kathleen, said the 
reason behind Tuck’s dismissal was 
the horse's poor jumping in recent 
races. -Burrough Hill Lad does not 
seem to be jumping well for Philip 
this season, and we have to do the 
best for everyone concerned. 


including the horse,” Mrs Riley 
said. 

The 1 0-year-old has made 
jumping errors in his three races this 
season. After winning by hall' a 
length at Chepstow, he finished 
third under top-weight in Ascot’s 
SGB Chase and then turned in his 
most disappointing performance for 
years when a well- beaten fourth in 
the King Georgs VI Chcie cl 
K cmpion on Boxing Day. He was 
odds-on la vol rite on that occasion 
but made several jumping mistakes, 

Scudamore, joint champion 
jockey with Jqhrj Francome in th: 
1951-82 season, is retained by 
trainer David Nicholson but it has 
been agreed that he will be free to 
partner Burrough HtU Lad when- 
ever the horse runs. 


Greasepaint back on 
the Aintree road 

F rom Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 


^(^ptadns^ 26. M Smttl 

OVERALL WOULD CUP STANBtKOS: 1 

flAns-ir*-* 

— 1 6. K . 


: read int 


Itoon ® * 4 

55. B K 
Sol 5. 

WORLD CUP DOW HIUU . STANDCNOS: 

W™£njer 86; a mSSTm; 

MW 47; 5, Oirantea 44. British placing: 28. Boa 

OVTOAU NATIWS CUP 8JAMHNO& 1. 
Swtowtend 829pta; 2. Austria 901; 8, Italy 264; 

" Swedan 164; 6. 


t, west German 177; 5. 
wgoslavfa 147. 1 A Britain 6. 

Late changes to 
slalom venues 

The men’s World Cup giant an A 
special slalom races, originaly 
scheduled for the Bulgarian resort of I 
Borovetz this weekend and r«iH 
off tbrough lack of snow, have been 
rescheduled in Yugoslavia. 

The giant slalom will lake p l a ce 
tomorrow in Knmjska Goraandthe 
special slalom will take placein 
Maribor the flowing day. 

Meanwhile, the two women’s 
Worid Cup events at Maribor. 
which, were threatened by inrir of 
'snow, wiB now go »hwm there 
following a heavy fall of snow on the 
Poborje Piste. The giant slalom is 
planned for Sunday and.the fecial 
slalom for Monday. • 


Last season. Corporal Cfinger. 
, won three of his fbnr races, 
H-J'l including a handicap over 
■ ~ ' 1 today’s course and (fistance on 
soft ground and a valuable end- 
of-season Haydock prize. His 
Bala Hurdle victory showed he 
has gone the right way since last 
season and this 


appears to have found - -a 
winning opening for hint in the 
Weald Handicap Chase at 
Lingfield Park. The Proverb 
gelding ran well when second to 
rulke Walwyn’s Gold Cup 
hope, Contradeal, at Worcester 
last time and that form has been 
franked by the subsequent 
Wolverhampton victory of the 
third horse, Roy script. 

Mi other principal fancaes at 


Ten Ptns taking command in the Malvern Novices* Hurdle at Cheltenham 

Tangognat heartens Simpson 


Rod Simpson, oat of racing’s 
most cdoarfal sons, must hare beat 
gladder than most to see the back of 
1985. Bat if the old year was 
something of a prolonged nightmare 
for the Lvabonro trainer, the new 
hod a positive dream of a beguunng 
with the handsome victory of his 


arrival in the' top 
following up here. 


<race g the. Surrey Jrack^are Berlin (1.0) 
in his ~ 

flight by 


seven-year-old cat* co nfirm his ^d Piny . Boy (2.0) in the two 


colt, T 
Plate Trial 
Daring 


novice chases but with the 
opposition- moderate, the start- 

Robin Wonder, taken out of “ '*>**' “ ta 


a valuable Windsor race yester- 
day to wait for this, is well 
treated by the conditions of foe 
race and likes rhritBn)»am but 
it is 14 months since he last 

won. 

First Bout was a failure at 
Kempton after winning weS at 
Ascot and has yet to tackle this 
distance. However, he should at 
least confirm Ascot form with 


More rewarding wager may 
be Carpenter’s Way, who is 
napped to win the McAIpine 
Challenge Cup at Ayr now that 
he reverts to his best distance of 
2Vi miles. Although he has won 
over three miles and beyond, 
Denys Smith’s eight-year-old 
ran out of steam on his latest 
run over Newcastle’s testing 
three miles 


tn yesterday's Steel 

fodle al Cheltenham, 
the past 12 fooaths 
everything nrrmrd u> &B apart far 
Simpson. Now, he has the ndw 
favourite for the Triumph HartOe 
CHiHs quote him at 8-1). a horse he 
believes even better than Bajan 
Sanshine, and there can be few 
better deserving a favour or two from 
Dame Fortune. 

In n sport that has finally, if 
grarigingly. been jolted into realising 
it attracts enstomers through the 
tmstfles, Simpson provides a maefa 
needed dash of flsunboayanee. And ft 
is sot lost the ooter ana - canary 
yellow or Mack leather in a sea of 
boring pinstripes - his approachable 
attitade is a breath of fresh air in an 
aH too stnfly world. 


By John Karter 

After Tangognat had left Chris- 
tian Schad «mi the rest trailing, 
Simpson revealed that the horse had 
not been out of his box far three days 
and that his tender heels make him 
none too easy a horse to train. 
Despite this Simpson was confident 
yesterday and is equally confident of 
greater glory m the Triumph hi 
March. (He will have another ran on 
the coarse at the end of the month to 
keep him at constant pitch.) 

“Will be will the Triumph?”, 
someone asked dearly, hoping for a 
little piece of Simpson Maraey. “Its 
not so Bloch witi he win, bat by how 
far- came the instant reply. Tongue 
in check certainly, but equally 
obvioosiy hacked by a rock solid 
belief in a horse whom Peter 
Scudamore, the vastly experienced 
winning rider, described ns “A very 
very good one in foe making-. 

That last remark can sorely be 
applied co Ten Pins, who was 
eq nally impressive in gaining a third 
win from three starts this season, in 
foe opening division of foe Malvern 


.Novices* Hurdle. Rated foe best 
horse to have graced the gallops at 
Faike Wahryn's stables for many a 
year. Ten Pins never quite reached 
the heights expected of him last 
season. 

However, having treated his rivals 
in foe same summary fashion 
yesterday as he had done on the 
previous two occasions - foe 
chafiengiDg and menacing looking 
Saint Acton was shrugged off in a 
Tew strides after foe last - it looks as 
if it h going to take something in the 
order of a bulldozer to stop him now. 
The Son Alliance Hurdle at foe 
Festival in March is his principal 
objective for this campaign, but 
Walwyn was almost licking his Ups 
with expectation when he said that 
Ten Pfas wfli only really be seen in 
foe best light over fences. 

Alan Jarvis, Saint Acton’s 
trainer, found swift if somewhat 
fortuitous compensation when his 
son, Tim, drove Burannpoor back 
past Deep Impression in foe last 100 
yards of foe Steel Plate And 
Selections Young Chasers qualifier. 


Michael SmuriiL the Irish 
millionaire industrialist, who on 
New Year's Eve learnt dial he had 
been nominated by foe Irish 
Minister for Agriculture. Mr Austin 
Deasy, for a place on foe new 
Racing Board, had further cause for 
celebration yesterday when 
his Greasepaint at long Iasi 
man ag e d to qualify for th« year’s 
Grand National at Aintree. 

It was essential that he won a 
steeplechase before the entries 
closed, and Dertnot Weld elected to 
send him down to Tram ore for the 
Waterford Crystal Chase. Grease- 
paint. favourably treated by the 
conditions, had only four ooponents 
and with Highway GirJ the solitary 
survivor to jump around he 
achieved a bloodless victory to score 
by a distance. 

Although Greasepaint has thus 
avoided the ignominy of failing to 
qualify for the Grand National in 
which he has played such a 
prominent role over the past three 
runnings, the incident does serve to 
spotlight the need for a restoration 
of the former qualifying condition 
whereby horses that had been in the 
first four in a previous Grand 
National were eligible to run. 

Dermot Weld, the trainer of 
Greasepaint, was foiled in his 
attempt io overtake the Irish record 
of 134 winners in a single year 
achieved in 1923 by JJ. Parkinson. 
The old record survived, thanks 
mainly to the action of the weather 
with frost forcing foe abandonment 
of the last day at Limerick, where 
Weld had a banker Dark Raven, 


and then snow on New Year's L : ■ e 
thwarted foe Weld three - runner 
challenge at PunchcsiQ-.vn. 

However, if the record books are 
io be believed Weld has achieved a 
diflercn! son of record tweause 
adding together his winners in 
Ireland and overseas one gets a tote! 
of 13b which is lhe highest credited 
to any English or rish trainer this 
cymury. Indeed, the only rival in the 
19th century is the 1 46 winners 
allegedly garnered by John Day in 
foe IShOs. a figure "that has never 
been conclusively confirmed. 

© Following her victory over 
Buck House at Leop&rdsiown on 
Monday in the Sean Graham chase. 
Dawn Run is now asked to concede 
71b to the Michael Morris-iramed 
gelding in foe Lee and Cd Handicap 
Chase over two and a half miles 
baric at Leopards! own 




r 


Weld: record attempt foiled 



CHELTENHAM 


(BBC) 


Z15 FOOD BROKERS HAPPY NEW YEAR HANDICAP CHASE (£6.076. 
4m) (8) 


TENNIS 

Lendl gets 
bonus for 
topping list 

New York (AFP) ... Ivan Lendl 
receives an $800,000 bonus for 
ending the 1985 season attbetop of 
the Grand Prix international 
rankings, with 4,459 points. 

John McEnroe, second with 4,103 
points, banks $550,000 Mats 
W dander receives $400,000 for 
3J08 points and third, place, and 
S250J100 goes to ' WOander's 
Swedish team col l eague . Stefan 
Edberg, who finishes fourth with 
2,511 points. 

The Americans. Robert Segxso 
and Ken Flach share $150,000 for 
heading the doubles standings . 

The top 16 angles players and 
leading eight double* partnerships 
qualify for the Masters finals in New 
York from January 13 to 19. 

SINGLES STANDMOS: t, I Land 
tonus ttUMnOk S. J 1 
feso.ooot 3, M Wlandori 
4. 8 Edwra<9M)2j51)' 

(W-fi) £233 OBMOr 
' 2.1 7S (100.0001: 7, Y 
8, A Jwtm1(Swb)1,860| 

1487 <45.00* 10. J 

wro te 11 . pb m 

raiJIljaMOO); 14. H Laowite 
01.000); IS, B abort (US) 1.271 (2 
PAimcona (US) 1.205 (2&00QL 
DOUBLES BTANDMQSc 1. K Rach and Robert 
Sapno (US) 70S pt 2. P Anoacona (W) and 
Van RonEburg (S-AJ 575; 3, M Edmondson and 
K Wandck pujq 3M; A P StozJ and Skidd (Cz) 

386; 5. J Nystroem and M WBandar (SweJ 365: 
6. Maks Gtaatwdt ®wl) and B.Tardoazy (Hun) 
336: 7. Stefan E tndA Janyd (Swa) 283; S, SC 
and E Sanchsz (Sp)21& 

FINAL 1685 ATP AANKMGfr 1. Land; 

McEnroe: & Mandan 4, COnnom; 5, EdM, 

6. Backer 7, Noah: S. Jaryd; 9, Matin 10.1 

CwientUS). 

ATHLETICS 

Lewis retains 
Madrid title 

Madrid (AP>. - Britain’s David 
Lewis won the St Silvtstre 
Vallecana international road race 
for the second year running here on 
Tuesday night. He was -followed 
home by another Briton, _ _ 

Bin ns. with Ezequd Canario, ofj 
Portugal, third. 

RESU.T! 1 , D Lewis JOB), 36 tnki Ml me 2, S 
Blnna (OB). 36bS7; E Caitado (Port). 3tiS2. 

• SAO PAOLO Jose Joao Da 
Silva, of Brazil, led from the start to 
win the 61st Sao Paulo Rounctfoo- 
Houses road race ahead of 
Ecu; dor’s Rolando Vera. (Reuter 
reports). The Olympic Games 
marathon bronze medal winner 
Rose Moia, of Portugal, secured a 
record-breaking fifth successive 
victory in the women's section. 
MW.1t; Man: 1. 4- X Os igw 

2. C. OOvetB 4*0840; 3, J. 


TTetovtowi (BBC 2); IS, 1-40, Z16.250] 

Going: soft. 

1230 WOODMANCOTE NOVICE HURDLE (£2^61 :2m) (21 runners) 


104 

108 

100 

m 

Til 

112 

m 

114 

118 

120 

122 

123 

124 

125 
133 
.134' 
135 
133 
130 
140 
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P Brown) FWHv 6-1 1-0 

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RBn^Mkxi 5-11-0 

Fwmw Sri-o 

JQtffDrt 5-11-0 _ 

| NHmdwMR 0-11-0 

, )NHcndwaon5-l1-0. 

(MraM HkneS 5-11-0 



KUMBJ (O 
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KNOCK HU.H 
NORTHERN BAY 


(D Lunt) M McCain 11-11-7 



SOLIHULL SPORT (CD) (Soeiia Sports) J Spaartig 12-104) 


Fraxan FoodjT Bti ID-104) 


■ffl Brown) R Brown 5-114) ______ 

rrfeWwr* Papw Co) QB*Mng 6-11-0 . 

EtJoaw 7-11-0 „ 


Smith 

GMcCout 


1S8S: Lucky Vana 10-11-7 J Burka (avara tov) O Bddng 7 ran. 

04 KumbL 4 Corhiara, Arctic Baau, 8 Mount OBvsr. 9 NaRhwn Bey, 12 Litda Poivalr, Knock 
HH. 20 Sottkd Sport. 

FORK KU8BI ntLS 3 Ad to Run and Skip (10« adh COR8IERE (IDO) 341 away 7Bi. Oiapstow 
(3m « ITcap, t21,2ro. soft. Dec 21, IBian). nOcVC. BEAU puBad up in raca won Oy Broamy Bank 


6KTTRAfW JH 

TWnwt.O lWfliilraGUcfwrartH Pudoaon 7-IT-O 
■MBBDMImrpMBWTi) ATunwS 5-1 MS . 

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ANDREA DAWH (p KS&d 

■ AUNTS DOT u «BwjSSML™, , 

800« FAR TRADER fR Jonas) RJonaafr-l 0-0 

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and Sky ( 1M> w «h CORBlERg (190) 341 away 7m. Chat 

^ .. ,18 18(0. ARCTIC BEAU puBad 141 in raca wen by Broamy 

at W U r ca atw on Dae 4; pravkiuahr 10-7 S fad to Run and Stop fll-4) at Warwick An h'cap tit. 
5,. flood to torn. Nov 18, / ran). LflTLE POLVER (10- ti IS 3rd to Wa« Up f 
own on ST h'cap ch. ei0J30.goodtoaon, Jan 5,5ran). MOUNT OUVBI (10-2) 14' . 
r Lao (10-2) wm SOUNULL SroflT (1041) 7th (Haydock, 3m 4T h'cap tiL EL£04. aoft. Dae 


tDmnody 
_Q Momagfi 


£3.775,. good to 

SandoMi (3m 5f h'cap eft £10430, 

p02wtt . . . ... 

12. Ill rant. KNOCK MLL (104) wo> beaten 4* u Run and Stop (10-4) tan (3m « h eap cM. 
£3068. soft. Dec 8. 8 ran). 

: KUMBL 


S UP COOKE ^^T Poneon&y) N Kandwaon 5-1 0-fl ^ 


5-10-9 __P Scudsnora 


1988e(2ra At) OHHengK 3-11-08 Morahaad (20-1] hhsMRfcnel 17 mn. 


W; DBfaa, 7^ Tenting, Mandatoon. 1 W Idmadoa. 7 RVer Cakioa 10 Ruatstona. 14 
BawanL lOoftiara. ' m - \_ " 

Banov 

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DEWSRIY 


FORM; mOBB* ft 0-10) boat Ramadl Dawn (KMQ IN atlMncanton on 

hdto, £841. l4rw»|Mavloua)y (11-0)1 W2ndtoJaato (1148 at UicaeearwM) 

a back h 3W. AMMEA DAM! (11^2W away 58i. «td toYAL 


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rSO). lOUMDEE 


.1-aatChapetow 


CBMR(11-A71ft 

mnov hdft£4^44. 


Cheltenham selections 

By Mandarin 

12.30 Mr Dibbs. 1.5 Ulan Bator. 1.40 Corporal Cfinger. 115 Northern Bay. 
2.50 Little Bay. 3.25 Isaac Newton. 

By Michael Seely 


CjjepBfeNMtin 4f aw htis. 


137.1 em Of i 3 toucld ta Boo 01-7) at Newbury pm 

23. 13 mn]L RURTSICNE 0148 71 irto at 20 to Maa' 

i, £6598. atib. 0AlHIUn»r (11-0)141481 or It 10 At 

Pm lOgfanav lk8a.E2jQ54.q0Qd to Orb. Mw Stv 


good toaoft L40 First Bom. 2.50 Romany Nightshade. 3215 MICK’S STAR (nap), 
lobyd Now laSa. . ■ ■ ■ ■ — ■ ■ ■ 


'a Peek 

Accuracy 


204 


•1j 5 POOD BROKERS DATAVEWNOWCECHAK (£4,846: 3m II) (IQ 

134-121 0TRATHUEAI1GR MimCFafcbatnlM Edwards A-11-4 P Barton 

. W- CASTLE AIOREA (D JWMaa) DJalMaa 0-114) : PTUck 

/T21D0- CHimCHWARDMU Mormon) DMuray-Saihh 7-11-0 —MrTThoiRaon Jonas 

so 12B41 CLARA laOUHTAM p SaraborylT Porosr T-114J HDwtes 

205 03S12 CROSS MASTER (HajtowBra*)TBa9-T14l RCrsr* 

207 12D/p-4 w™raam-^tWTflL a-ii-ri_ - 

200 ’ 24132-2 MULATII (B JortnornN Hsndaraon 8-11-0 SSnStfiEodM 

PURSESEARER fU (E RettK) E RSUsr 10-11-0 


*11 

213 

216 


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2.50 FA1RFORD HANDICAP CHASE (£4,464: 2m) (6) 

501 122224 LITTLE BAY (CO) (Mrs SCathsrwoodJ 3 RWiSftt* 11-12-0 PTuek 

502 1100-22 ROMANY MOHraMAOE CD)(BF] Mrs RStsaaTFonar 10-11-1 ilDavtos 

505 2312-04 TMROeALBHACH (CO) (H ftgpijr-Cm*) P trQyvw 12-10-7 

506 1100-22 KAREKOHORE (U) flj Col R WstianlM H Eaaarby 8-104 IJOW 

508 p/B-00 RORQUAL (O) M Wtutbread] Mm M Rbnsa 11-104 OMcCourt 

AttMHN FREtQNT FORWARI “ _ 


510 


ULAN 


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7-11-0. 


FWtoter 8-114). 


198ft Olyda Court 3*11-04 Fteneoma P-T fad F MMar 6 ran. 


-A Jones 
JtDimoody 
J Duggan 


,84 Church Wtoden. 3 Uan Bator. 82 Clan Mountalft 132 Strath Laadw, 8 Cross Mast*, 
-ftodtifealfiadiirs. 


FORM: STRA1HH LEADER 
Chekanhwm 3m 

torm test 

HOUNTAM 

CROSS ' 

£3.773, good to atitj. 


whan 281 2nd to Areflc Straanr 

CHURCH WARDB* (11- 

. ^ » (3cn 1L £L£B9, soft 23 ran). 

TAM (H-2) beat Punldrtt (11-2)21 at UngflaMpndtnov eft El JZ<7. good, Dec 21. 13 ra^. 

S MASTER (1 1-6) 31 2nd of 6 to Stranda of Qtid (11-n anBoodm D«y tim 100yd nnv eft 
, gootfto aafft PMJUOW m-a tixrt hoed 2nd 3 — “ 


HLEAOER n 140 test COtnpMad outing i 
1( noveft Wft soft Dae 7. 8 ran). I 

n tadudM. 71 beattio of Artiasaa hen 

lt(11-2)2l at Unweld (2mi 


sstfuas EZ 

. ran). CLARA Sotocttmr 


!DER (CD) (Brittanlc Shipping Ltd) A P1tM2-t0-0 

ROutwoody 

1« FlaigM Forwarder 11-10-2 R Dunwoody (11-4) A Pin 8 ran. 

2 Romany Nightshade. T1-4 Unto Bay. 4 Karenomora. 11-2 Fralgnt F orwarder. 8 
ToirdetibhacftlSRorquaL 

FORM: LrnUE BAY 111-1® M In race won by AcktiraTa Ctto (1M) at Ascot tut season (11-7) 
neck aid »o Far Brttoe fl041 at Ssndown (2m h'cap ch. £8^38, good to soft Dec i. 4 ran). 
R08IANY NKUfTWAOE (11-^71 fad to Jo Cotontoo (1819 hara (wra ITeN) tit soft DK 

7. 3 ran). TOtRPEALBHACH (11-1® 211 Atti to Tolena (10-6) hara pm h'cap ch. 28.181. aoft Dec 
6, 5 ran). KARBIONOflE (11-1) TH 2nd to Sada Caao (11-7) wtti FREKJMT FORWARDER (181® 
a hilar 3 out (Chahanham, 2m h eap eft £3.785, 

FORWARDER (11-7) 14Y9 58i to Buck Houu (11-1 


1-7) wWi PR2KJHT FORWARDER (181® 

Oct 9. 5 ran). Laat Boron. FREXJKT 

at Ayr (2m new eft £8481. good. Apr 20, 10 


FREK3HT FORWARDER. 


l4tnov.( 


ft PWJLATW (n-ot tiwrt head 2nd « II to CROSS HASTE* (114J) at 
. . , eft £1.046, good » aoft Dec Iffi. ULAN BATOR ni-5) laat comptotad outing 

1 aSrdot 7 » Van|fa^a (11-5) nera pa 41 Norcft SL897. Dae 6 am). 


3^5 ERNEST ROBINSON HANDICAP HURDLE (£3,262 3m) (15) 


ULAN BAT 


1A0 FOOD BROKERS FERRERO ROCHER HURDLE (£4.737: 2m 41) (9) 


304 

305 

306 

310 

312 

317 

318 


I CORPORAL. 

sag-**™ 


811480 

fbin-1 

rnioB 

TTto-10 OUTOFTHEH 

«n-iia Bala'S riaS^ 

2t2^8* StCEROOLD.I 

I 423-020 AOAMBTTHEH „ 

302844 RCMBHWOWPBt K3J) (AFtonQOI 

■IMjuspMmHnfM m (Hfa*j 


v*t Oaa Rating Ufl UPtos 7-11-12 

chart ft HonderaonS.11-1z_.___B I 


_P Scudamore 


802 

603 

60S 

607 

608 
610 
811 


/1 8014 

/32OD0 

91-028 

8(3201 

212401 

00-0008 

216800 


PUYSCHOOL (D) (R Cotta) D Barons 8-1 1-9 

ISAAC TKWTON (N Clark) R Armytsoe 811-5 

CH-TTC FLIGHT (C) (Mrs M CtffaJMra M Rknal 811-3 __ 
■BTHRAS (D) IJ FWer) B Preeca 81 1-3(6 ax) . 


_H Davies 


022421 


__S Smfifi Eeefas 
)R HoUnshaad 811-12 JJOXeft 

J IAS M Fttnel 811-8 .0 Bradley 

LMM S Shammed 

. NfchotoonSrtl-O — R Dunwoody 

OQsworth 8114) .C frown 

TBS 811-0 R Crank 


MOCSSTARfD) (Lort Batpar) M W Eastertm 811-2 pax) 

GALLANT BUCK (B) r J Stotq D Bsworth 81813 

hENDALEAK (W Prfca) W Prica 810-13 

612 081120 smiNONS (torn SErrfcincos)J Gifford 7-1812 

616 4Qf1-p MASTT91 CONE (M RskO M Reid 810-6, 

617 M-312D BKXGOWER fCj (Mas D Downes) W 


3 McCoort 
-P tOlar 7 
— PTuek 
_C Brown 


198® Stena Prtde 8189S Monhaad P4 tav) F VAiter B ran. 

11-4 floblp WWjdar, 4 Frtt Bout, 8 Shear Gold. Corporal CSngar. 5 Oia Of Tha Gtoom, 8 
| Bajan Sunshine, 10 Gate’s Imaga, 14 othera. 

I FORBt COfWORAL CftMOBt (11-12) beat Kbatiki (18150 2L wWi R08BI WONDER (11-ft 519 
4tft OUT OF.TW mpOM (11-4) neck back hi S® and SKm» GOLD (18 " 

m, 2m'hdto. £9JC9, -soft Deo 7, 9 ran). Eaflar, OUT OF THE GLOOM (IF 

w. (11-0) node St Wawcaada (2m tltia, CULtoe, potog good to soft Nov 18, 

Subsequently OOLD ; p81» to Maly Date (t8HvS® 0AJAH SUNSHN& |11^) 

28 1 away Ah (Ascot, An 2f hdte. £7,00*, good, Dae 14. 8 rar). Ftot BOUTWal beaten behind 

Aonoch at Kdmron on Boidng Dm aartar Q 1 « beat Sauhsra ak (1 1 -4> a wtn AQAB48T THE 

GRAM (J88l2&ilback in 88i amfOALAW IMAGE pi-® 7® (Ascot, an Me. 

-14. 7 rant 


618 

619 

620 

821 

622 


2210*WI BOHERASH (H 

8231-44 LESARTHOSl 

m NALFORO LAU] 

CHAIN OF 

FLOATWO LOVER 


..EMurehyA 


Norvrunner .PDever 

(MtoS D Downes) WWlghtmsn 81 82 

“ GBak&ig 810-0- S Sherwood 


Mrs S Davenport 8180 P Scudamore 

Hawfcsr 8180 M Richards 

(BF)_ (Mte U Paltpnan) R Frost 12-10-0 J Frost 


71h 7.18 

MM ‘ 

rart. 


(C) (C Machet) C MRChd 7-180 MrTMftch»#7 

168& Mtoty Deto 7-1 84 M Bowfty (1 82) Mra J raman 14 ran. 

7-2 PtoyschooL 4 Mick's Star. 5 Ufthrsa. 6 Summons, 7 Celtic fBght 10 Us0ord Lad. 14 
Gatom Buck. 18 othera. 

FORM: ISAAC NEWTON (181 1)6di to Tom Sharp 

7. 18 ran). WCOT STAR (11-® boat Jsrmto P« ()l4g'*&l at 

Ksmag (180) Mdtfi PtATSCHOOL ftl- " 

Dec 7. 18 tan). MASTER CONE 0 1-6) 

81 (Hereford. 3m It nov hdto. 2548. soft Mar 30. 13 


Kfewawiefc (11-2 at Wlneanton: earfarjl 80)31 2nd to EmoForever (181) with LE SAftTHOtspO- 

1^TS«wray^«i_Bnd CELTIC FUGHT (188) a further back In 6th (Chettenhem, Sm n eap htis 


41 h'cap dde. £4.435, aoft Dec 

earlier (181® ft 2nd » 

ftn A tTev hdto. £3 JM4, son. 

at season (11 -® beat Bryma (11-0) 

MALFCRD LAD ri81]Sl 2nd to 

saAtmok 


f GALA'S 


(11-6) 7® (Ascot, an hds. 24,811. good Doc 


MALFORO 


8.21 rag. 


Cheltenham results 

Going: Soft ' 

12.15 (2m 4 f hdkri 1.1EN PLUS (K Moonmr, 
2-5 taw); 2. 8aM Acton (K Brake. 33- It i, 
CUM Inmskto (E Murphy, 181). ALSO RAft B 
Mister Bob (4tit, 12 Hnty Gamble (Stn). 25 
Prtacheraflem, 33 Hakneior ttttrt, Special Gift. 
66 Corragtt -Ctoanara. 100 Captftn J^ny, 
Corn Mer ch a n t Baft Woodtofah Wnoe. 
BHogue Bridge. 13 ran. NR Coorl^i . Intian 

Rwige. Man Man, Tour da France, Btgaui. 

101. 41, 4L ist IO. FVWwn at LambottoL 

tote £isa nro,T2Aa£i.io. of; £i4ro. 

CSTHC1&24. 

TANQOONAT <P 
an Schad M 
P Leach. 81). 


I (4®L 25 Pahr Btpnss (5®), 50 

t Masawtoarpti.). 8 tan. 1®, IS. gOLnat 

rttod. J Edwards etTtoss-on-Wya. TOTE: 

K £L80. tiro. £1.78 OR £17 00, C8F: 


(Porn, 

Santo 

• PHOENIX. ARIZONA - Steve 
Scott ouispriflted his fellow Amen- 
caa Marcus O’Soliivan over the last 
150 metres to win lhe Phoenix 

1 OMnpfc PrSe (qSStoerWtod (uft 10 ONiley 


1W6 (2® MW 1 
Seudancra. Srtk L I 
Cotomaa 14-Ik£ . 

ALSO RA»fc 2 av The Footman (I). 1 1-2 Trojan 
Prince (ptft ID Rest, -Iff Artaks Used 
Noratounnhl. 20 Stoarpaca. 2S Banfcka, 5b 

Fred The Traad (cthL II ran. NRr Skylark. 

Wonder. Tearala. 10. SO, 2L Jy. 10L ft 
iboum. TOTE: £ 3.4 ft 
taa.70.csft £41.10. 


NotnrChavti i 

awftMect 
-recorded. . 

E4TOK £ 

£27ASr 
&40( 

■Ectiaa.1 

7-1 1 3. r» A Dealer |M PBman. 1B-1L Al 
RAN: 7 Abertow. 1 1 The SftdBer, 14 litle And 

ftoyal JP.U.VMarytobone, Shear Staft 26 

Deep Ctoah.ro Caftc D taper. 50 Tan In Hand 
. MB4 FBta Bramkiar (P.UjDavS's Ooto (P.UJ. 
SOTtiatr 0».U.J. Vuipro (P.UJ. Ivy Bo yO. 
. Jtanpenze, MynoTi Kay, Nearly A Man. 19 ran. 

^Cottage fta. Due fnX E van. James My 
Boy. Raca PtoesmTmtfcha. ML 2S, m N 
Herateraon at Untooun. TOTE £1 tiM, 
£2JU. S3TOL DP: C5ro. CSft £7.68. 

JACKPOT: Motvon. 

PLACWOTi £174.08. 


3L00 (2m Ch) 1. BROAD BEAM (J Bryan 4-1): 
ft T»fly Jones (L Grttfchs. 81); 3. Baton 
Houaa WHams. 11-2). ALSO RAN: 2 fav 

Pukka Major _CB®arine Bridge (I), 9 


Windsor 


Sermson 

nioia 


Upper lamboum 

J3J0.Etw.DFt1 


QODKh 

1.C 


1TO(2m efi) 1. HIRANIWOUn (T Jarvto. 7- 



, 12 Sound ArgumanL 14 

I Son. 25 AtoenaL 33 Oueensway Boy 

Utcomte. Media Boy, Touch o l Rmrtmn 

' 14 ran. NR: Aimimn Ztfu. 

Tan Us Another. Qokton 
Madna. ft. Y»C 31, 1 VtL 3L Mra M (Uirantil at 

Severn Stoke. TOTE; £5.60: SZAO. El -80. 

Eiro. DF: 214.7ft CSF: £29.73. 

830 (2m Mr) 1. NR KEY (A Webb, 11-27- ft 
Bear (R Qoktstein. 14- Ik 3. Homeoto u Bryan. 
181 k 4. Potto town (S SharvAod, 181). ALSO 
RAhc 7-2 lav Timurs Double. 182 Pagan Sun. 

Record Who, B Diddeto, 0 1 VMay Ju«5 (Bh). 
12 War And Peace. True Hertasa. U 
Battytovwaa. 16 Lta (Sm). 20 B«c«Sie, 33 

tatotor Dnron. Grtaua. IS ran. NR: Star Ol A 

Gunrwr, RftTte. S wufl't Defaft. VAdd. 
Brcbuy, Brtiah frown, Kano HS. 
Knightobtidge Gama 1 V* L_ 7L 7L ft. ft. P 
Haynaa at fracheatw. T0T& S5.S0; E1.70. 

£2.70, £1020. £430. DF: £62.70. CSF: £88.79. 

Tiicast C1.12DJS6. 

PLACEPOTi E88TO. 


reports). 

RaaT: 1. S. Scott (US), 4.-01SO; U 
O-Suttvan (USV 4U2J» ft P. OonoWnJW. 
^AftOO. Other. Irish pteong: equal ft R, R)™. 
ro. 

TODAY’S FIXTURES 

FOOTBALL 

. ft YOUTH Clift Third round: Wfettond 
f/Ctiehester (7 JO). 

V - . BASKETBALL 
^•CRYSTAL PALACE Mltorttf tatitetfaB OOb 

, AtiipioRMteSaBiwIlaBB^Nngatoriv 

t - Tewi Harp (Wcfr 42ft Suntir ONeod v 

? toramon OS (U^r7Jfc M am Wamaborai v 

sjftnoheeter Unflad; Metals »nbur^i * STMp; 
^«MweafiiTMA«iv v MancfaatarGiMtft 
OTHER SPORTS 

fWNft RudBitW Junior covered courts 

T jhmnptanBHp: 40usen's Club, West Itenting- 

open under 24 


Olympic 

Nowb" 

Road 
Soma 
Jartte at 

£450. DF: 


a( q_B8»rarl Wtt(tet 
33 Bosrtinaru Croan ^ 

8 ran. WL' artraio, Offletol ttassa. 
BM«,.2%ihhil,7l > 2LA 
l TOTE 17.10; 21 A 21.40, 
'£tiro. 


i Lady. 8 ran. NR: Ttanssh, SNeora. 
m, iGL P Bufar at Lewis. TOTE: 


1 £5 (2mhtta y .TOM SHABP | 


raSBWK 

SSrtSuJafofed cSSandm Charh-s 
Cokbob. NR: 8aftrt ancs. Md Ttam 
Wtik. 9 ra n, fa U IgLfc *■ JJ 
wt aiim et Mstton M owbray. Hilfc & WW 
SSbLSiSl £IJft D* BVp 6R E28.18. 
Dtcesc £118.90. 

i-gfra 


tavl 

HotBot 

UbkxAousl 

a a. a. 2 w, 

£1220; £2.70, £1 JO, £2^ft DP. £18.10. CSFi 

S37.H.TriCMfc £24056- 

1 JO (2rn Cft) 1. AKRAfil (5 McNati. 4-1): 2. 

(P Tuck. 8^; S^Al^ORjlSfti^SmSS.^'Sw 
WL 81): ft Uondng (ft, 12 Tan Boars (fthj. Sir Unwin 


Devon & Exeter 

t heavy 

n ll cw i, Htidtigh Brtdga ( Mr L 
'.81 Ia«2. aaDrSTti l-2L r Sc 

2ftL 30L 7 ran. Wt Corai L 


Quay (T). 25 8 JaskL NFL- 
big Board, Paiatkiaia, 
artrafc 9 ran. TTft fljg . hd. 10. 3. R 
Hofltos at Somsrton. TOTE: £4.70; £1.60. 

£ft%£1 Jft DP £3O0a CSP £35.55 Tricast 

2JJ(2m hdtojv SOUTHSOIAffi (A Wabb, 8 
St 2, Ra Nova (R Row*. 811 btt ft Sdsrte 

Baooa U Ouoran. 10830). ALSO RAN: 11 

Stans Pads Nth). Janus (fit h). 5 ran. NR: 

Chrysaor. Rofafai Worrfw. Z£. H. 2L P 

Haynaa at Cfikdiaster. TOTE: £4.30; £190. 
£L20.DP£27aCSFi£ft41. 

Z30 (3m 4f eft) 1. SO MMSU ER (R Rows. 8 
lta 2. Brtt (C Warren, 4-1ta. ft M a mh at sg n (R 
- - J r. iHtal ALSO RAN. 74 Wanton 

i), 8 Royal Admiral (Bth). 10 Vtisso 


COWfrPMvy 
1J» <2m II J 

Harvey. 2-1 _ . 

Z¥%\. 3fiL 7 ran. Wt Coral Leisure- J 

Robarti. TOTE: £250; £1-20, £4ft0. W £&30. 

CSP212B3. 

130 (2m If htia) 1 , Tatiads (M Bowfoy, 81K 2, 
aaroocratte Boy (181): 3. Hal GM p-1 Igv). 
ia «sl li ran. hS: Soach Road. C»og« 

Castle. N Henderson. TOTE £7.40; £2.70. 

£2.60. £1.40. DF: E122TO. CSF: £69.42. 

2J3 On 11 hde] 1. FI)1ri Officer (J Lower, 7- It 
2. GracsW Ktfcer (81 Blau); ft Accuracy (7-1). 
Cool Sun. Royal Baba 81 jt-taus. 1 itaL 15 ran. 

NR; Mawon, AWrc QaaL TOTE £8.70; E2.BO. 

£320. a!ro. DP £13.90. CSF: £56.78. Tricast 
amo 

220 On If foK 1. Hartosr MS (J Lcwar, 81t 
ft Ntfraohl Maikiate (1M); ft Praicaas tea (5- 

2 lav), tti. *«L -11 rm. NR: Church Warden 

Mat Gutesbwo. Cntan Courage. M Pipe. 

TOTS; £4 TO: ftfififtSTO, £1 JSO. DP. f18.«. 
CSP 246.05. 

34 it htig); 1, Esker Hbuaa (M Ayfitfa, 


ft W»e 


(188* ft 8hWBOCOCk 


_ — -I RACKETS: Nat Wbat ux 
(Caraore SC, London EG4). 



star (1 1-8 tavi 12), 10L 9 ran. NR; SKner'a PaL 

DR Tucker. TOTE £11.40; 2240, £1.10, £140. 

Dftnsro. CSF: £32.16. 

330 Raoa abandoned oua » ragn winds ana 
heavy rar. 

Pin poc £2195. . 


Southernair tops 
Haynes double 

South cmiLr . who initialed a 35-1 
double for his Chichester trainer 
Peter Haynes at Windsor, is 20- 1 for 
the Champion Hurdle after defeat- 
ing Ra Nova in yesterday’s La 
Finezza New Year's Day Hurdle. 

^Southernair has gone the right 
way and HI now enter him for the 
Champion Hurdle- He's also 
entered for foe Irish Sweeps Hurdle 
in 10 days' lime, but a penally will 
probably rule him oat of that," 

Haynes said. 

“He'll go for conditions events 
now. Southernair thrives on racing 
and will probably have a couple of 
outings before Cheltenham. I’ll be 
looking at tbe Kingwdl Hurdle and 
trials at Nottingham and Wolver- 
hampton." be added. 

Haynes later seal out Mr Key to 
make al! the running in lhe Touch en 
End Handicap Hurdle. This one and 
a half length win also gave his 
jockey Allen Webb a double. 
“Windsor is one of my favourite 
tracks. It was here that 1 rode my 
first double after turning pro- 
fessional for Derek Kent," the 
trainer said. 

Ra Nova. 11-8 on to supplement 
his victory in the hurdle he won a 
year ago, tried to make all the 
running for Richard Row- but could 
not match Southern air's last-flight 
challenge and went down by two 
and a half lengths. 


AYR 


Going: soft 

12.45 COLYTON NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m 4f) (12 
runners) 

3 2223 DUTCH LORD Denys Srnkti 81 1-1 C Grant 

000 ADEN APOLLO T Craig 810-9 3 Hay 7 

AULDYUD JSWUcwt5-1O-0 .S Charlton 


2.15 McALPINE CHALLENGE 
CHASE (£3,054; 2m 4f) (9) 


CUP HANDICAP 


5 

6 
6 

11 

12 

13 

18 

20 

23 


802 

8042 

3 

0 

ooo 

0022 


BEAVERBOY C Richards 8189 . 


QAIESMANSKIP P MOntaWi 8180 . 


GENERAL CHANDOS J Brwtwna 81 89 

GIDDY UMTT J S WHson 810-6 — 
PAMPERING J Bracfcbank 8189 
SIRSIODHMra OCuffMm 810-9 • 


_NDougmy 
D Nolan 


2 0p44 

4 11-pi 

5 2-101 

6 1-213 
8 1-210 
9 1243 

10 4n13 

11 2222 

13 2038 


(CD) KOkver 1811-7 

E Carter 81813 P A Chanwi 


MOSSY MOORE 
GRINDERS (CD) 

THE DIVIDER (CD) Mrs TCaJCer 810-9 T G Dili 

ANOTHER CTTY (CD) G Richards 7-10-6 N Cctghiy 

CARPENTER'S WAY (D) Denys Smith 810-2 —C Gran: 

MOUNTAIN HAYS (CO) MH Eastertry 11-182 - - 

PRESS GANG 1C) J SWUfon 11*10-0 J.l MowCry 7 
DURHAM EDITION (CD) (BP) WStepnanun81CM) 

AStnngv 

SNOW BLESSED (CO) C Alexander 810-0 


Mr J BratSxxna 
,J»AFerraB4 

T Q Dun 

_R Earn shew 


BROWNE’S RETURN (BE) M Naughtan81(M 

R Hammond 

26 030-4 GRAEME'S OEM R Fisher 810-4 M Meagher 

23 fpOO NORTHUMBRIA LASS GRtahartia 8184 DCoSdey 

1885: Twekar8188 Mr P Dun (82 jt-fav) W Stephenson 7 ran 
2 Dutch Lord. 3 Browne's Return, 5 Baavarboy. 13-2 
Gamafimenanip, 8 Giddy Limit. Qreenta’s Oam. 10 AuMYud, 18 otters. 

1.15 BARLETTH NOVICE CHASE (£1^08: 3m 110yd) 
(7) 

2 1013 TARTAN TRIUMPH 
5 4012 M138RUBBISH 


1685: Grinders 7-11-7 P Chariton 184 lav] E Carter 5 ran 
100-30 Tha Divider. 4 Another City. GnMara. 5 Mountain Kays. 12-2 
Caipenie ^S ||V fa y. 8 Mossy Moore. 10 Ditatiatn EOttoa 12 Press Gang. 


Ayr selections 

12.45 Browne’s Return. 1.15 Tartan Triumph. 1.45 
Ida's Delight 2.15 CARPENTER'S WAY (nap). 2.45 
Nema. 3. 1 5 Syrinx. 


6 1020 

7 2303 

8 21 -On 

9 
11 




SMMNOBANN 
ARPAL CONQUEST R ABan 7-11-5 
FINE STEEL B McLean 811-5 


KERAGENChWlttertaui 811-5 

ROYAL BOWLER J Charlton 7-1 1-5 . 


I) G Richards 7-12-3 _N l 

. J Brockbank 811-8 TG 

Johnson 11-11^ JJrP Johnson 7 

JKKtaiana 
C Grant 


NOVICE HANDICAP CHASE 


— A Stringer 
..REamstaw 


(CD) WSiephanson7-t1-iO . 

Denye Smith 7-1 1-1 

NChantoertem818i2 a. 


CGrani 

AStnugar 


1965: Charles Duka 811-1 DCoaktoy (11-2)G W RlchanJs 7 ran 
7-4 Mbs Rubbish. 5-2 Tartan Trunph. 9-2 Arpal Conquest. 8 Royal 
9owter. fl Shining Bam. 14 others. 

1.45 AYR NEW YEAR HANDICAP HURDLE (£2.481: 
2m) (7) 

5 1-003 IDA’S DELIGHT JChartton 7-11-7 REamshaw 

6 0010 CENTRE ATTRACTION (CD) GRtaharda7-11-7 

N Doughty 

7 024-0 COLONEL ROSE (CD) TGoklio 9-11-5 

Mr K Anderson 7 

9 0004/ APEhniYO M ob Z Green 8188 ——JeynaTTnnpem 7 
11 2301 SONNY ONE 9HOIE (Dt R Allan 5-183. - 

13 4020 tHPECUWOSTTY (D) J S Wfcon 8180 _J» A Farnti 4 

14 008 WHiTERS PLEAStKtE Mrs D Cufxun 81 80 - 

1985: Mark Edeteon 8-813 M HU (7-4) J Jefferson 5 ran 
2 Sonny One Shine. ii-4 Ida's Dafaltt. 4 Centra Attracten, 6 Cokmal 
nosa.Btotoacunio&ky, IBottere. 


2.45 HURLFORD 

(£1 ,436:2m)(8) 

1 1101 GOWAN HOUSE (CD) 

2 2323 

3 0p4f 

5 3241 CRJCKSTOWN GRichanJa81M(6«ri NDougfey 

6 01P43 MOUNTSTMARYTS (D) MCamacho7-187 — JtRntf 

7 O4f0 SECRET LAKE JCftsr1lon7-l84 ^Storey 

8 80m POLOKI GFa«Mtm8183 TGDun 

9 03m NEMA RF«h«7-183 KHyan7 

1985: Sword QameCM l-7TGOunWFairgrtmaWata.9dOver. 

11-4 Crtckslown, 100-30 Gowan House, 82 Macgias Girt, 7 Neir^, S 
Mount St Mery 1 a. 10 Secret Lake, 12CncLharri Lad. 23 PotoW. 

3.15 HAHILL NOVICE HURDLE (4-y-o: £685: 2m4f)(7) 

2 04 LORD SUN D Mohan 189 KTeetan 

3 “ 

4 

5 2044 SAMFEN (B) MH 

6 oooo SOGJPSY NCnambortainlO-4 

9 0032 SYRINX MNaughtonHM MHammond 

10 TAJSWGN Denys Smith 184 C Grant 

1985: Majestic Led 1 89 POiartion[1 -2 fevjMLamtjenS ran. 

11-4 Syrinx. 3 Samian, 5 Magnltesoerg. 6 Lord Sun. B Taj Slngn. 10 
PantadltiundH, 16 Qu Gipsy. 


...A Stringer 


^ rliiNGBIEiiD PARK 


Going: heavy 

1.0 SEVENOAKS NOVICE CHASE (£1,813: 2m) (IS 
runners) 

1081 


1 

2 
1 

;; ss 
12 0128 
13 
16 

20 3840 

21 p08 

22 12-00 
a ti>08 
26 
27 


4ffp 

ptftm 

4120/ 


0 ( 00 / 

-4000 




BERLM (CO) NGasatoa7-11-9 - D Browne 

BLACK EARL I Waft*) 811-9 MON-RUNNEA 

DECEPTIVE BOY JBridgar 7-11-3 Mr L Fcgeny 7 

DCTIVERAnnytega 811-3 AWabbar 

GAY RASCAL OSfieraiood 7-11-3 CCo*4 

-RG Hughes 


GOLDORATtON P Upson 11-11-3 

HIGHLAND CUPPER M Salaman 7-11-3 . 

JOLUFFPS DOUBLE A BaBay 1811-3 JtCanttl 

Mtt-OflEI Ward* B-1 1-3 K Mooney 


^Webber 

MbsC Moore 7 
SShSston 


P0LTT5UR0 J Brt0oar81l-3 
QUACK QUACK A fumefi 81 1-3 . 
REPENT B Curley 81 1 -3 — 


..R Goldstein 
Steve Kfight 


0 
0 
0 

0483 

00 

0 

m-a 


2.30 HORLEY NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £971: 2m- 

FANDANGO UQHT D Elsworto 811-9 . C Brown 

ALSHU PW Haros 7-11-0 R Strode 

BE PATIENT ALWAYS A Moose Mi-3 G Motto 

BOLD CONNECTION (BF) W Ryan 81 1-3 

NON-RUNNER 

CHARTFiELD Mtts B Sarflaia 811-3 Miss B Sandora 

DEVMER S Motor 811-3 G Charles Jonas 

HERE’S THE DOC J Endear 81 1-3 JU Khurw 

KAMADEEF Winter 81 1-3 0ON- RUNNER 

NASHAAB T FcfBSBr 81 1-3 

TELEPHONE NUMBERS A Moora 8 

TOWERING R BJakenev 7-1 1-3 .. — 

TRUE PROPHET P Hcynes 81 1-3 A Wobb 

VALIANT WOOD S MaHor 81 1-3 -14 Harrinqton 

WICKED UNCLE F Winter 7-1 1-3 0 da Hun 

DOWNS MAfBATE J Lavs 8T812 - — R Rowell 

EUGENES CHANCE R AiremrST 81812 D Smith 

LAFROWDAR Hoad 5-1812.. JlflHoM7 

PORT ANITA P Mitchell 5-1M2 C Cc* 4 

WIND CMM5S D Robinson 7-1812 Mr D Robtavson 

BLAIR'S WINNIE Pei Mitehel 4-180 — W Sands 

SWEET ROSA D Weaden 4-180 D Murphy 4 

1085: Lairy-O 81 1-3 J Francome (7-2) F Winter 10 ran. 

2 Cevner. 7-2 Fi-toango Uglr. Wicked Uncle. 7 Latrowde. 10 Bud 
Connection. Hue's The Doc. 14 otters. 

Lingfield selections 

By Mandarin 

Dfturtu. '- v 1.30 Airborne Deal. 2.0 Play B*'y. -..".t 

73S£**in B ofES£ Fandango Light. 3.0 Catch Phrase. 3.30 French Caputin. 


CHERRY SIDE Udy Heroes 81812 . 
GABLES FLIGHT C VtWotl 81812 
MAJUBA ROAD 0 Barons 81812 




J4r C WShnt 


1985: Leith HI Ryer 811-3 J Francome (84 jt-tav) P MteheU 11 ran. 
4-6 Be.’Wv 82 Highland Clipper. 6 Repent, 10 Pollttxro. 12 Gay 
Rascal 16 others. 


(21) 

1 

-0221 

4 

I0p8 

5 MpjO 

8 

0 

9 

3b 

11 

02- 

13 

004-0 

15 

-20 

17 

pf- 

22 

0-040 

24 

ftftO 

25 

26 


28 

0 

29 

ota- 

30 

32 

& 

33 

too 

34 

080b 

42 


44 

0 


1.30 HORLEY NOVICE HURDLE (Dhi I: £943: 2m) (1 7) 

8332 AIRBORNE DEAL A Moore 7-1 1-3 Q Moore 

CYM S Mettor 81 1-3 M Harrngton 


ELLFERANDEM S Melor 811-3 G Charles Jones j q ^ 111. 


MISSING MAN JGWord 81 1-3 — 
PRSFTT WARRANT Pa*. Mechel 7-11-3 
SPEAK NO EVft D Thom 81 1-3 . 


-IN Santo 


STAND FIRM RGcw 81 1-3 - 

ASTOMSH ME Udy Hemet 8I81Z —Mionana 

DEEP SENT GThcrrer 81812 C RcJwtoftd7 

MAHRONESSE R Voarapuy 81812 R Rowed 

OWEKELLEN A Davison 81812 R Pussy 

LOVER COVER J Knc4-185 2 > da Haan 

STAGHOUHD fflF) DOughton 4-185 POouWe 

TROJAN SCO an PM^hea<M85 CC0X4 

GREEN ROOM GAHSOLS D Weecton 810-0 __A Wabber 

TAXJNETTE A D3Vt9on 8180 — LGrtttthS 

19S5: trnpficatkxi 81810 Miss C Moora (82) A Moore 13 ran. 
11-4 Mtssina Man. 7-2 StaaTiound, 4 Eata re nflem, 6 JoS Wasfi. 6 
ArsorrnDaai. 12 Trepan God, '.BSpeex No Ev6.20attare. 


t-00 

fl 

3 

010 

>0 


2.0 E B F NOVICE CHASE (£1 ,865; 3m) (15) 

5 

6 13-Op 

7 pO-CJ 

8 34 
10 0001 
12 Op-CO 

15 OO-pf 

16 -2442 

17 11-13 
IB 4pH- 

22 ro-n 


BAXTERS BRIDGE Mrs JAansn 81 1-5 -WCVVOen 

SLACK COMBE G Thomer 81 1-5 . — R Ktngton 

BRASS ChANQi I Dudjton 811-5 - 

CASTLE TALBOT J Long 3-1 1-5 R ROOT* 

1HM88U-5 


PLAMTEXLADFtl 


-MHosd? 


INDIAN COUNTRY Mos D Baker 811-5 -J LovejOV 

LOLLY S PATCH p w Hsrr.i 81 1-5 R 5ircnge 

MR CANDY A Ucote ’-11-5 G ftoora 

NOAH WOOD D Them 7-1 14 - 

PANDA MAN R Gow7-11-5 - 

FLAY BOY F VAnwr 7-11-6 _..BdeMa*n 

2i 63-93 RONALDS CAROLE RArmyteoa 8l 1-5 -A We«JW 

25 2803 SACRED PATH (9F) O Sherwood 811-5 - COW* 

27 Q2-U4 STEEL YECSAAN J GlOorc 81 1-5 „.,R ROWB 

26 aft SUSPENDED SENTEWXJBrtdger 81 1-6 ,...R GofoSteffi 

196E: No asTi&pordtng raca. 

13-6 Ptay Boy. 3 Sacred Path. 5 Noen Wood. 13-2 Steel Yeoman. 10 
Brass Change. l< Mr Candy, 20 Others. 


3.0 WEALD HANDICAP CHASE (£2.599: 3m) (7) 

5 1/11- DONT TOUCH (CO|(B) G Gracey 12-11-7 .. - 

7 84p2 CATCH PHRASE (D) J Gilford 9-1 1-5 RRov.0 

8 134-D SAUNDERS (CO) T Cay 12-11-4 - 

9 11-30 ROCK SAINT (Cl GGregson 811-3 P NJChdk. 

13 b3/9f LECKtE (CD) R Army^ige 11-186 _.A Webber 

14 fip-44 GLEN ROVES A TuroWi 7-183 - -Slave K.ScJii 

15 8000 GftEENORE PRICE (D) P Bt-rgoyne 810-2 

1385: Sautoafs 11-181 G Moore ( i8i T ten T Cray 6 ran. 

7-4 Ctotfi Ptrase, 3 Saunders. £ RocL SatoL 6 Don't Touch, 12 
Leckto. 16 Gian Rover. Greancra Pride. 

3.39 SOUTHERN COUNTIES HANDICAP HURDLE 
(£1 .867: 2m) (14) 

3 13*12 OPENING BARS (CD)(BF) D OugntQn 811-6(5 8 aI 

PDautie 

THURSTON <D) D Bsram 1811-7 — _P N'ichcfl! 

FRENCH CAPTAIN Ledy HwrlM 1811-fi M Knara 

RHEFFANOSA (D) P Haynes 7-11-3 A Wffib 

SW1NGINQM0QN (CC) A InghAm 7-11-10 

S low Knigte 

10 0-031 W1KDBREAKER (CD) A Moora 8181 1 15 a/] 

Mbs C Moors 7 

JIMJAMS A Turnon 81810 1 ShMna-^ 7 

STAR OF A GUNNER (flF) R Hciaor8l89 ..N Ccsrean 

HEALTH H HAPPINESS D Thom 7*183 - 

WIDO D MBs 8185 R Ra.ve.1 

UEHCTlfSS tan HSirvm7-lO-5 CFunonc 

Y0UNQ BUCKETS M Haines 8180 - 

CAUSQLDN [Cm Pal (.ttcnufl 12*180 V/Sanss 

ISNOHLL (DI(EF) A Davcan 11-10*0 - 

1065: Ecb Tada ii 81 MO P Banan (15-6 1«) J Edvrard: 5 ran 
100-30 Wtoeerenker. 7-2 Ossrarc Bers. 82 RWIsata. 6 Star C / » 
Gunnei. 9 French Captain, 1(J Mercy Less. Keno wa. li mors 


iia 

0823 

110/0 


11 1-100 

12 -0030 
14 0189 
17 00/00 
10 431/0 

22 Ip-00 

23 3800 

24 124-0 


OFFICIAL 8CRATCMNOS; Al enMownanto 
(Bead): Bold Democrat, StereBa. V/afry. Fryer, 


StxLios. Wal To Do. Qatidy 
i Choice. Berea's wish. Awne Ata. 


in. 


Embassy entries 

TTirre are 14 entries for foe 
Embassy Premier Chase final ai 
Ascoi on January 11. They are; 
Arapaho Prince. Binge. I ’Havcnla- 
lighL Mr Moouraker, Newfifa 
Connection, Our Fun, Regal 
Pleasure. Roadster. The Divider, 
Ulan Bator. Very Promising. Von 
Trappc. Wily Yeoman, Proud 
Souroma. 

9 Carlisle, Cal tc rick Bridge and 
Leicesfer were called off due to frost. 


Course specialists 


CHELTENHAM 

Trahan: F Winter, 47 Mnnars (ran 226 
runners. 20.8%; M H Eastefoy. 12 Horn 69. 
17.4V 0 Bsworth. 14 from 87. 16.1%. 
Jockeys: J j CTNeOl 16 wmnon; from 105 
ness. 152V G Brown. 11 from SS. 11.2V P 
Barton, 9 from 83, 9.7V 


AYR 

Tittnetto M H Euterby. 28 *mi Ixm 106 
runners. 2S.7V G recturts, 48 from 277. 
17JV w A Stepnanson. 30 from 179. t6.&%. 
Joduys: A Brown. 18 winners from 75 dues, 
24.0V R Lama. 32 from 1S9, 20.1%; M 
Meagher. 6 from 32, 1B.BV 


LINGFIELD 

TratawtoH ArmviKS IS v/emfr: il 

rowers, 29.1%; Fnnr, 18 from 65. 27 .>■*.*. a 
T urtteV. 6 Irom Ji, 25.CPV 
Jackayo: Stava Knight, 9 wnwers from >3 
rtdw. 273%; P DtJUSls. 7 from 39. 17.9V R 
Ho we. 12 team 62. ;4.6r?. 

Piggott pipped 

Lester Piggott came dose to 
adding yesterday's Perm Cup to his 
Ilsi or bis-reec wins. Pi 33 oil riding 
the 7-! chsncc. Iinponune, v,as 
second io Uilvaii. 












Trade 01-278 9161/5 


Borough of Brecknock 
CHIEF EXECUTIVE 
Salary Scale £22494 - £24^X4 

Consequent upon the impending reiiremenl of Ihe present 
Chief Executive on jlst July 1986. applications are invited 
for this appointment (which includes responsibibiy for the 
Council's administrative depurimenri ai a commencing 
satirv *JciLbm ihc atcvc-menlioned scale. 

Th; person appointed mil he regarded as head of die Coun- 
cil's paid service and leader of the Management Team and 
will be the principal adviser to ihc Council on matters or 
general policy 

Applicants should have bad extensive pen race in a legal 
and/or administrative department of a local authority or 
similar bods. 

The appointment is subject to the terms and conditions of 
tbs Joint Negotiating Committee for Chief Executives of 
Local Auihonnn. 

R:mo’-ai and other disturbance expenses will be paid in 
a:-;ordancc with the Council's scheme. Essential User car 
allowance is also payable. 

The pro -nti on of temporary bousing accommodation would 
he considered. 

The Council's main offices are in the town of Brecon in Mid 
Wain amongst the magnificent scenery of ihe renowned 
Brecon Beacon-. National Park. 

The successful candidate will be appointed Chief Executive 
dnrenate from 1st June 1984 to commence the appoint- 
n-cn:asChid'E»ecutivefrom 1st August 19H6. 

Application form end further particulars are available from 
i!;c jpdmigped Hrlephonc Brecon (08T4i -141 ext. 20 Sl 
T ne cln-.me dale for die receipt of applications is .'nm 
Jar.w-y Iw'Sh. B FRANKLVN JONES CHIEF EXECU- 
TIVE. Oxford House. 40 The Walton. Brecon. Powys. LD5 


INNKEEPERS 


Historic Ocean Grove, 
New Jersey 

Energetic couple, no children to 
manage a 20 room hotel (no 
meats served), one Mock from 
ocean. RespcnaiWffo a mcltida 
maintenance of building and 
garden. Prior experience re- 
quired. Write 

Dan Comes, 425 Pars Avenue 
South =SA, New Yurie, New fork 
10016 USA. 



efte 


*fXM. 


IdJe ne tcdkittXf Ui& 

Sales Manager: Distributors - c.£25K 

LONDONJBASED 



» * to * to . » _ to to . to. to. to. to. to.' 


HIGH ACHIEVERS! 

Single-minded 4 highly 
motivated? Undervalued in your 
present career? Excellent income 
& management opportunities. 
Share incentive scheme. Far in- 
itial confidential discussion 
contact: 

Chrislhu Veasey on 

01-4872561 


NEC, the world's eighth largest electronics company, an 
international leader in PBX technology, is planning the 
launch of PBX in UK. This is an important event for 
European technology and a significant one for NEC 
Business Systems Europe. 

The iratiai appointment m this new development is for a 
DISTRIBUTOR SALES MANAGER to be based in London 
with national responsiblBty. 

The successful appficant is Italy to be aged 25-35, with a 
technical background with one of the teadng PBX suppliers 
or manufacturers and at least 3 years' experience selling 
PBX products in the dtstrflputcr/deaEer markets. 

The brief wiK be to sen the full range of PBX 1 
products to key distributors as weB as to farther promote 


lhemttirough to dealers and larger end-users on a 
nationwide basis. 

Salary and target related bonus wffl be of interest to those 
people currently earning in excess of E20K. A car and other 
benefits are provided as would be expected from one of the 
wodd’s leading Coramunteriion and Computer Companies. 

Send personal detaSs. stating current remuneration and 
why you are right tor the start of thfe project 
LM. Toombs, Head of Personnel, 

NEC Business Systems (Europe) Limited, 

NEC House, 164*1$$ Drummond Street, 

London NW1 3HP, or ring 01-388-6100. A i 


Qleonltf 


ffth^fetaBlEntpclUi. 
there tafawiooc 


TRUSTEE EXECUTIVES 

£11,000-£16,500 pa • Central London 

Attractive benefits • Including Mortgage Subsidy * Excellent prospects 


The Prudential Group, the largest 
investment organisation and one of the 
most powerful financial forces in the 
country, also acts separately as trustee 
for public and private loan and debenture 
stock issues, private trust funds and 
similar matters. 

This work is handled by a professional 
department and covers a wide range of 
trustee responsibilities in the corporate 
finance field as well as most aspects of 
the work of executors and trustees under 
wills and settlements. 

A need has now arisen to strengthen the 
existing executive team and we are 
looking for young specialists preferably 
(though not necessarily) qualified and 
probably in their mid 20*s to mid 30's 


who can show us a good background of 
experience in corporate trustee work 
and or executorship duties. 

There are excellent opportunities for 
career development within the Group, 
initially salaries are negotiable 
depending on qualifications and 
experience and in addition a range of 
benefits are offered which include low 
interest mortgage, non-contributory 
pension scheme, flexible working hours 
and sports and recreational facilities. 
Please write enclosing full CV to: Eileen 
Brown, Personnel Officer, Prudential 
Assurance Co. Ltd., 142 Holborn Bars. 
London EC1 N 2NH or telephone her for 
an application form on 01-405 9222 
ext. 2568. 

_Prudential_ 


COMPUTER AUDIT PROFESSIONALS 


Age 25—38 


City of London 


Neg. to £25,000 + car 


Exceptional opportunities exist to join a major international firm of Chartered Accountants and 
Consultants which is re-shaping its computer audit activities. Our client is in. the forefront of progressive 
thinking in the computer audit field and wishes to recruit a number of experienced computer audit . 
professionals from the external and internal audit community. 

COMPUTER AUDIT MANAGERS — to ma n age the provision of computer audit and advisory services 
to a portfolio of clients (neg. to £25K + car). 

AUDIT SOFTWARE MANAGER — to establish and maintain a team of audit software specialists 
involved in feasibility studies and the design and implementation of ap plicatio n s (neg. to£22K -I- car). 

AUDIT SOFTWARE SPECIALISTS - to develop and implement *ndi» software on client assignments 
(neg. to £15K). 

These positions require either a data processing or accounting background, plus the ability to work under 
pressure and to be part ol a highly qualified team. 

Career progression opportunities a re excellent and exist up to and including partner level 
For more information, please contact George OxmrodBJL (Oxon) or Stephen HackettB-A. (Oxon) on 
01-836 950 1 or write with your C.V. to Douglas Hamhinn Associates Limited at our 
London address quoting reference No. 5762. 


Chief Executive 

MAIDSTONE BOROUGH COUNCIL 

To succeed Mr A. F. Hargraves who is retiring. 
The Borough includes the County Town of Kent, 
and has a population of 131,000, budgets totalling 
about £33m, and over 900 employees. 

• the role will embrace the general management 
of all Council activities, with emphasis on forward 
planning and the delivery of services that will 
be seen widely as being good value for money. 

• the requirement is tor a management record of 
achievement and experience, in either the public 
or private sector. 

• salary is in the range ^26,196 — £28,800 
plus car allowance. 

Write in complete confidence 
to A. Longland as adviser to the Council. 


ERS LIMITED 


UX MANAGEMENT CONSULTANCY 
SEEKS 

Business Development 
Consultant 

To make it worthwhile our recruiting you - 
your salary expectation must be a minimum 
of £28K in the first year. 

We are general management consultants 
with an emphasis on Cost Improvement 
We require to recruit a professional sales 
person with experience of Board Level 
discussions and presentations. 

The successful candidate will identify 
business opportunities and progress these 
to the point of securing agreement from a 
client for a study to be made of the 
company’s business systems and of their 
management team. 

Discipline to work within clearly defined 
objectives is essential. 

Financial rewards are clearfy based on 
individual effort - there is no maximum 
income level. 

1 i« if 4 k! / Applications to 

i . . •• • Hazel Ware, 

\! •• Lx 1 ^ Brooklowe Ltd, 

: ; • : 375/385 Glossop Fid., 

■ 1 i i : ■ ■ — SHEFFIELD, S10 2HQ. 

Tel: 0742 755631. 



10 Hallarr. Street, London, WIN bDJ. Telephone: Ok 5 SO 2724 


Herefordshire Health Authority 


UNIT 

GENERAL MANAGERS 

The Authority is currently restructuring its management 
arrangements to ensure the highest standard of health 
care for its resident population of 150,000. 

We now seek individuals with high cafibre management 
skffls and a proven track record of achievement at a 
senior level to take fun managerial responsibility for the 
foil owing key Unit posts: 



L OMMGmnl 
HnfUIMt 
2. CMMMHrfcnfaa 
IMt 


Elza* use 


fettaCZMN 


Nig. hOUN 


i» 4 «>WM to In mnM la amrtMca «• KCpsp. Mb 
iwlWtolro rtapl»aTwra.n » rt liW'—eWigr— bwL 


pugzran2.cii.2ZR. 


I*r * WL A tarn. HUM Bwaral 



Wtort* Ihn BgaSM. MM HM MM. 

T» i»k— pn2 > znm. tit aga 


Team Leader required for 
New- Style Sales Department 
£15,000 PA plus car 

Vie are looking for someone to lead a new- style Sales 

Department as a Marketing Manager. 

We sell laboratory and clinical scientific instruments. Our 
products are the brand leaders in the United Kingdom with an 
established sales network here and abroad. 

Vou should have a previous history of success with sales. You 
should have a canng nature, and be Milling to lead and motivate j 
your team. j 

The package we are offering includes £15,000, a car, medical j 
and pension schemes plus incentives. 

Your immediate superior has just joined the company and 
is looking for someone to assist Him in setting up a new and 
successful structure. 

If you are interested please call Peter North on j 

01-5289752/5/4. j 

<N.B. REPLIES THROLGH MANAGEMENT LIMITED. A RECP.VIT.MEN’T CONSULTANCY’- j 


UK Management 
Consultancy 
seeks experienced 
Consultants 


Our track record has seen us double our 
turnover each year for the past three years; 
expand our general consultancy base from 
commercial and manufacturing to include the 
Public Services sector and to invest In new 
premises to meet die needs of our support 
team. 

Now we require to recruit experienced 
Business Consultants to join our energetic 
team to a/iow further growth and expansion. 
Candidates must have a proven track record 
within an existing cost improvement 
consultancy practice. Personal presentation, 
motivation and communications skills are 
valued as highly as skill level for these posts. 
Age range 2o to 

These are ful! time career positions offering 
the benefits cf an appraisal based merit 
systems, afkjwmg individuals to monitor and 
plan their own career development leading to 
Profit Share, Pension Fund, 8UPA. etc. 

Applications should 
. — , — — — _ . be made to 

hrjrifc l fl P / Hazel Ware 

Brooklowe Ltd. 

-S 375/385 Gtossop Road 

■ Sheffield SUJ2HQ 

; ; i Y ^~ i 1 Tet 0742 755S31 

■ Please quote ml. EC1 



London 


C.£iO0OOpJL 


Is required fore lose liaison with senior 
client personnel relocating to London area. 
Must have 2 years’ minimum estate agency 
experience, preferably in Central London, 
be diplomatic, well-presented, Wlih a strong 
mierestm people and problem notang. Car 
drivers only. Benefits include free BUPAand 
lease car. Apply by letter to Stuart Burgoo, 
Homequriy Ltd. Ulster Terrace. 12 Park 
Square West Resents Park, NWi 4LJ. 




InterExec is the organisation special- 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

IntezExecfs qualified specialist staff, 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

Fora mutually exploratory meeting telephone: 

London ® 01-930 5041/8 

19 Ouring Cron Raid; WC2. 

Birmingham ® 021-632 5648 

The Rotunda; New Sam. 

Bristol ® 0272 277315 

30 Baldwin Street.- 

Edinburgh ® 031-226 5680 

47 a Gcorgr Street ' 

Leeds V. IB* 0532 450243 

12 St. Paul, St ree t. 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Faulkner J-fotuc. Faulkner Street. . , 


fcnr r-vr. *t 


JBEL.H1 

SUCCL 

anu! 

■a i arc 


-u HOMEQUITY 


A PHH INTERNATIONAL COMPANY 


CALDERDALE HEALTH AUTHORITY 
UNIT GENERAL MANAGERS 


CaW * rt4ie HibH! ^i£ , £5fc baM(J to Hj »n. Wsst Yoricshn.savetapopu- 
'ation appfMEtang 2QQ.QD0. wwh an atpuat budottrf C29 mllnaatifl 
s/ve deve^aorrenl 

rwses naracenwit xrangBnwits, arsJ ros t*q key vacanesB: 

UNIT GENERAL MANAGER - ACUTE UNIT 
.UNIT GENERAL MANAGER - COMMUNITY UNIT 
P®*?* ^ ***** ® "WPI* ostta Mnagers Mtfi • 
5JMR rrart P xftewmert m Msragewi. eraericno of imam 
ctoy tf?gctife»if. and dg rxarsnabie ieatfgreftip qmJ/tBt. 

acc^ul jppbars eh rK&nsXi to me ftsfnd Msagsr lor 

prcvi£nc bigfMjiakiv cn sswees 2 nd He tffcwTt usatf TtsoufM/ 1 ^ ■ 
° , ^*aaslc irsd ptofesssjnal Team as} exseetari lD 
c»rtf0u» Rfly - «n me accsm on genirB*rBrnsitanB anfl done wril 
Sdres mt wgocat^ cr a su samng c £17 ^b m amyen. 
Acaontrera! an :a te m a eree mot rrawnhu 


are T5 Or ee 4 Wee j«y rewahfe v m u X fcm, 

T>«fi .larestei errtag Vr Cfelc Png, ttaiO Pwo«Wl 0 ftef. 


Jawar/ :8M. 




Tihe one who stands out* 


XHE BXUT1SB SCHOOL AT SOME 
T he Port Q£ 

generai. secretary 

Aptfnations are invited for ihe falUime post of 
Seaeta^r to a d m i ni st e r the London office of the 
British School a Rome. Duties indndc the scrvidiifi 
of T W E xecidiye and several other committees 
ttw ragamsanon or the competitions fix- the Rome 
waoiarships in the humanities apd the fine arts. 

Mutummo Age Untit 55 jean 

Further information and appJicatioii form 
from the Sec r etary, . 

British School al Rome, 

1 Leather Gardens, 

Exhibitioa Roftd, 
UwdonSW72AA 
Teh 01-589 3665 


pMy n w acM mmm * 

ta d. conwr and tens 

sat asm ad** 
Wwn ird Wta 


1986 -YOUR 
CRUCIAL YEAR? 

Changing your career? 
Finding wnploynwot? . . 
Taking vital *x»ms? . 

fcOWB THE imto CWtrt 

t^fanea. Fraalttthaav 

• A to CARKR WVUYSTS 
A A 90 Ctouccdar Place. W1 

• * *(U4»54U(»M) 


UCAL MCOKAl. Com- 














THE TTMESTHURSDAY JANUARY 7 1936 




PERSONNEL OFFICER 

51 Suf*^ore Is looking *r a 
,5® rwP«M M» for the i*cnilt- 
wwfans and administration of 150 support 

23JPgg>^Jlte»d in me West End, ollfers cof* 
“W forhitiativs. Th. ideal 
Possess a high 


previous iwsoonii7r^i_r ”f ,,ul,un ® ni 110 rav ® 
conSSrci^^ the 

9 aa » fica 5on Isttesirable, 
not essential. Excellent satary.and benefit 

Please wrfto in confidence, enclosing C.V. to; 

N- S. Pearson, Esq, FSVA, , 
Staff Partner, 

Healey and Baker, 

29 St George Street, 

Hanover Square, 

London, W1 A 3BG. 

(No Agencies). 



^CI|CTARY/APiyilK: A5SSHT : 

• ; £8,719 (under revieW) - " . 

\ m . ■ ‘ ’ ' ■' * ■ . • * • ' i * ' 

Our bus/ Prot**8ion*J Rstatimisr Utft-Msp® tb# rtwnij«r^i i*j jo 


otptjWcftyrmttoriil- ' v. 

Ws need someone wto to- ebtato secretary 

duties Sitt*»-lht;jKteAtiBiriBori Jbr fee- department IMS InwofMS 
orflM tatag meti-outs, reconfing end retrieving *nd 
maintaining information nan - often to ebfctdeadini* 
tf you are *n efficient weft organised secretary who works wefi under- 
pressure and would watoomectwXanse end variety please write to 
Aims ChattMoa Pereonnet, 'BritietT M e di c al Association, BMA 
Hou»,Tavtatack Square, London Wd H BJP. 


COMMERCIAL MANAGER 

■fechnicare Internationa! limited, a 
subsidiary of TUrrfff Corporation PUC., are 
seeking to appoints Commercial Manager 
who will be responsible to the Managing 
Director of the Technicare Group for the 
.commercial, legal and accounting 
‘functions. 

The Technicare Group based in 
Newbury, comprises engineering service 
companies, trading in the UK., Australia, 
and the Middle and Far East The 
companies are primarily engaged in 
servicing the oil and gas industries and the 
activities range from the provision of 
consultants to the management of 
overseas maintenance and training 
contracts. 

"TTie successful applicant should have a 
degree in law or commerce, together with a 
practical knowledge ' of accounting 
including the ability to interpret accounts 
and the effects of currency changes. * 

Some .. commercial experience 
particularly in respect of overseas work is 
mandatory; also experience in assessing 
viability of diversification opportunities and 
acquisitions. 

The position will be of interest to those 
who are seeking to achieve a senior 
position and to contribute practically to the 
growth of an engineering service company 
with several associated subsidiary 
companies worldwide. 

Salary is unlikely to be a barrierto those 
with the appropriate ability and 
experience. The usual fringe benefits also 
apply 

Reply in confidence to: 

The 'Managing Director; Technicare 
international Ltd., 1 Northbrook Place, 
Newbury Berks. RG13 1BR. 


BARNES ROFFE 
Practice Administrator 
Chartered Accountants 

Vte n ■ iMrinv 8nn of Aeoointra afMn^ ^ thrat affie- 

es, the principal office being ttiutod In WD1. 

We require a practice administrator to bo bastd m tha London office, and who 
wtt bg-respoiafclc for partnershi p - axouratig Tor tta whole firm. Other re- 
spocsMitiss wX irakJde craft confecJ. pram&as, soft and goowaJ adminis- 
tration wfvcb wtil atm (nwlwo the argantsation of traHng courses for staff. 

CmOfctes should bo capable of preparing acousds on « compote baud 
system as aefl as posseaslnG strrajcadrnwstrativa stilts. This is anew pcs- 
and a salary package c £17,000 b beino offered. Pitta* ctf Pwl Spokes 
on 01 -831 -639%. 


r 


® Trade 01-278 9161/5 


Berkshire 


Personal Assistant 
to Vice President 

c£18,000 + Car + Bats. 



Hie European arm of a $5 billion US multinational foods 
group requires a young accountant to act as PA. to the 
Company Vice President. 

This dual role entails the provision of sophisticated 
analysis . interpretation and repotting of results from foe 
Group’s European and South American subsidiaries, as 
well as trouble shooting on ad-hoc projects and 
investigations, which will necessitate occasional overseas 
traveL 

Aged 24-29, you must be qualified, and of graduate calibre 

with either broad experience gained within a large 
industrial company or within a professional firm. Sound 
knowledge ofUS accounting principles would be 
a distinct advantage together with a basic 


L 


Dar+Bens. Age 24-29 

knowledge of one or more European languages, but your 
personal qualities and approach are more important. To 
deal effectively with senior operations management, you 
will possess excellent inter-personal skills, commercial 
awareness and a pro-active approach. 

If you successfully match this specification, you will enjoy 
an attractive salary, generous benefits including a fully- 
expensed car and relocation costs where appropriate, plus 
excellent prospects for promotion to senior status in 
Europe or the US. 

Candidates should initially contact Juliet Connock on 
0753 856151 or write to her at Michael Page 

Partnership, Kingsbury House, 6 Sheet 
Street, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 1BG. 


Michael Fbge Partnership 

International Recruitment Consultants 

London Windsor Bristol Birmingham Manchester Leeds Glasgow Brussels Newfak Sydney 
A member dj the Addison RqgPIJZ group 



PUBLIC APPOINTMENTS 


LONDON BOROUGHS’ TRAINING COMMITTEE 
(SOCIAL SERVICES) 

Director 
of Training 

Salary £24.207 - £25,827 inclusive 

This is a unique opportunity for an innovator in 
die training field to lead a central organisation 
serving London’s Health and Social Services 
Authorities and Voluntary Organisations. 
Applicants must be professionally qualified 
graduates and have a knowledge of applying new 
technology to management and training, and a 
good understanding of the Public Sector. 

The work includes a high level of liaison to 
facilitate co-operation with Statutory Training 
Councils, Central Goverment departments, 
education establishments and Voluntary Bodies 
and candidates must be able to demonstrate 
considerable experience in this area. 

Application forms andforther details from: 

Head of Ad minis tration 
(GEV/DT/85), 

London Boroughs’ Training Committee, 

9 Tavistock Place, 

London, WC1H9SN. 

CLOSING DATE FOR COMPLETED 
APPLICATION FORMS: 1® JANUARY, 1986. 




CREATIVE 

ADMINISTRATOR 

with a flair for systems 

£17,000 + benefits 


Preparations for expanding the 
Society’s services in 1987 have created 
a number of challenging and varied 
opportunities . . . none more so than 
this one in our growing Banking 
Division. 

Responsible for all automated credit 
clearing operations, you will use your 
creativity and initiative to review and 
enhance our working methods and 
introduce computerised banking 
systems, whilst ensuring we maintain 
our high level of productivity, 
efficiency and customer service. 


I 


ABBEY 

NATIONAL 

BUILDING SOCIETY 


Either a graduate or person qualified to 
a professional level, your 
administrative experience, coupled 
with your creativity, is crucial. Your 
experience in money transmission 
must have been gained in a large 
financial organisation and indude at 
least five years in a supervisory role. 
Knowledge of computerised systems is 
essential, as are skilled negotiating and 
interpersonal skills. 

The negotiable salary is accompanied 
by the benefits expected of a large 
financial institution together with usual 
company benefits including relocation 
expenses where appropriate. 

Please send full career and salary 
details to Mr W Whitehead, 

Abbey National Building Society, 
Abbey House, Baker Street, 

London NW 1 6XL 




77/M 



G 

Duffy 

Consultancy 





HEAD OF AUDIT c.E25,000 + Car +■ Benefits 

An exceptional Chartered Accountant seeking a career move away from pubfle practice is 
offered a challenging role by a ‘Top 100" UK pk: to establish an auefit and operational 
review department Working dosely with the FD, the successful canddate win control and 
review strategies, recruit staff, develop international operations and, after 2 years, move 
Into a sank* Bra role. Contact DARRELL SMITH on (01) 623 3196 (day) or (Ql) 444 3559 
(evenings & weekends). 

CHIEF ACCOUNTANT to £22,000 + exec cw 

A leading .fleet management and transport group seeks an ambitious, commercial 
AoocHsitant to lead the finance department of a large eubsfcfiary company based in 
Central London. Working in a-highly computerised environment;' the appointed person will 
Raise extensively wife non-tinandal management anti can expect to ptay a key part in the 
running of the operations. Contact DON LESUE on (01) 623 3195 (day) or (01) 354 5229 
(evenings & weekends). 

TAX ADVISER c.£20,000 

An excellent opportunity has arisen for a young tax specialist in the London head office 
tax department of this highly successful oR company, ReeponsibJBtJes wffl be in corporate 
tax compliance and planning, royalties and petroleum revenue tax. Experience of a A 
aspects of UK corporate tax Is required which wffl have been gained either in public 
practice or the Inland Revenue. Please confect FRAN FRIEDMAN on (01) 623 3195 (day) 
or (01 ) 360 7902 (evenings & weekends). 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy; 17 st. Swithins Lane, 

- Gannon Street, London, EC 4 N 8 AL.- 


FINANCIAL AND 
ACCOUNTING 
APPOINTMENTS 


ACCOUNTANTS 
BOOK-KEEPERS 
AUDITS/TAX STAFF 

For the best temporary 
assig nm ents call Barbara 
Kenton at: 

H.W. Task Force Ltd 
- 118 New Bond St, Wt 
493 9441 
Open Late Tonight 


cat PC 

AND MARKETING 
APPOINTMENTS 


ABILITY TO SELL? 

CcrohllJ Publications knew 
yaw value and tn bsfflna it 
to be £ 20.008 pa minimum. 

CaH Baa Cracker w 
DnM Conway on 246 1515 


Financial Analyst 

Bahrain c.£25,000 (currently tax free) 

□ Free furnished accommodation and uti l itie s 

□ Excellent recreational fariltties 

□ fineepriiTKHy schooling to 

□ Generous Assistance towards secondary education tor eligible children 

The Bahrain Petroleum Company BSC (Closed) requires a Senior 
Financial Analyst to -work on a variety ol tasks requiring a good Knowledge 
of analytical techniques as well as sound relevant accounting experience. 

Candidates musl be qualified Accountants, with at least Gvb years 
industrial or services related business experience. Aknowiedge of quantitive 
lechniques in relation to cosi/benefit analyses is essential. In addiiion 
experience of personnel benefit financing schemes would be desirable. 

We envisage at least a three year commitment to this married or bachelor 
status position and toe personal qualities we are Iookinglor are flexibility 
sell motivation and good communication skills. 

Please send full CV to: 

Personnel Relations Department 
CaUex (UK) limited 
Griffin House 
161 Hammersmith Road, 

London W6 BBS 

or telephone Mrs & Harris on 01-748 6565 
quoting reference 1362. 




PARA-LEGAL CLERK 

We are looking for a para-legal clerk for a 
busy litigation department Ideally you 
will be educated to degree standard, able 
to use own initiativei handle documen- 
tation in aneat & organised fesfaion & be 
methodical Some typing ability needed 
Meal for a graduate, 

.j"; Salary c£7,000 

'- ^please send CV to Box No 1291W 
The Times 


Accountancy and Financial 
appointments in the South East 

Oor firm ipaaafius m executive Kcnatmut in fee South East end we an currently 
handbag on an etdanre basis a number of specific accomtancy end Samoa! appoint* 



FINANCIAL ACCOUNTANT OIWOO MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTAJJTcJl^OOO 
libefiy tanned tawaab gcafficatjai espenaw Opportuefly for young tcama M auitn t with 
in fiiW dx aw ntMti t pnviga apeomce m coring manfefy reports 

to computerisation. xndboifeti. 

Brief hot aunpre&Buave career details toe New Appointment* Croup, Benon- 
nd ft Selection Consaitanto, 5 Park Road, Sftanjpoarae, Rent, ME10 IDS. 
Te2qfe(ne(0796)7o43L 


fYXJ New Appointments Group 

-J Personnel Consultants 


LA CREME DE LA CREME 


Small, successful 
international Co, 
urpently' need a 
PA/Sec to organise & 
run ttw office. Exci- 
tant typing & w.p. exp 
required, plus charm 
& tact when dew>3 
witti overseas dients. 



PA/Adminlstratnr 
Ad nparfeand PA l> rewired tar 
toe European CJrief Executive of 
Tdectinffics Pty Ltd. as AutaaUan 
based company wtaidi nsmatattares 

srjsss'sr.-s 

European Head office, pa mdd be 
warting W» a smal dyiamfc team 


INTERNATIONAL 

T.V.CO. 

Mi looting tor antoustastic PA/Sec. 

hwt good QfjtnBiiiiCHMi & 
oonanawafiva wffity. 


Ptawe phone Sarah Barker 
on 692 3012 
StaftptanRecCcne, 


brokers in Knightsbridge re- 
quires secwlary with toxwtwjga 
of racing iixeaSng, 

Applicants should have short- 
hand & not be afraid of working 
with figures. 

Phase apply to Bloodstock & 
Stud Investment Company, 69 
totightsbridgo, London SW1. 

01-235 0766 



P.R.198Q! 


URGENT! START WORK 
END JANUARY 1986 

Oafctnan of Laytons Wins MMchanW 
' i oUtilcanKl Eocnnaiy. 
and onl FRENCH with 

prevtaus business expartenca 


nac aa aa qr. Bahuy ncQoUaMa. WOrtt Is 
baaresanB and wried. Plaase Ma- 
pfaoM tianb McWnaro «Mi your 


Talaptant til -dee GOBI 


Al AUDIO SEC 

For entertainment lawyer. 
Prestige London Wl office. 
Rextote hours. Excellent 
salary and conditions. 
BoxNolBOSR 
Tha Times 


ARE Y00 VERSATILE? 

An troenino has arisen in our busy 
Kengngltxi office lor a first-class 
all-rounder. We are. a small, 
import/export company and need 
someone to ence, some knowledge 
of book keeping and be able to cope 
with woridnfl wider pressure. This 
position oil otter an exceflenl sal- 


Pkese apply m your own writing 
(ofidaskTO C.VJ lo: 

MRS FIRBANK 
27 Maresfieid Gardens 
London NW35SD. 


WP SECRETARY 

Etfioent and cheerful sec- 
retary for a now company. 
Must be an experienced word 
processor operator (prefer- 
ably Wang) and be abta to 
work on your own Initiative. 
Age 23-30. Salary £8,000 
negotiable. 

Write wife CV to The Perfect 
Solution, Unit 12, The Abbey 
Business Centre, 15 Ingata 
Place, London SW8 3NS. Or 
phone Friday 3rd am 01*350 
1490. 




























3 llnm 

Anairjrxtmfra uulh<?inui«a ay 

tlv- name antf ;rrrji«nl addnB Of 
Out TtTlC'r. ria ■■ br -ail u>. 
p*ejir.«s 
2G7 Cray's !im Rood 
tmtfnn V.CU2U 
c~ *ev ‘win 

wWpwi- c •<*; H1-Z37 231 1 

l c* 01-03? CC03. Fannrc! 

p:t*>c;«3' !^j*k 01 -23a 

&10C Of 01273 31 L7. 
■Mroun[cn»n:'. m Do iwivM ay 
■ l*r iuai Ml*»n S.QCam dnl 
7 K»n. MonSav In Friday. on 
'iitaduy wCVi-cn iDOoin un*t 
'.ZCGnoan '3S7 iZ’.t oih’i. For 
;ySii:aw» _ !?.»: follow rvj cjv. 

^sRTHCoria?jS' WAnr.iAGCS. 
KEODiKGi. r?. un Cnirri ana 
S«i Jl Pad , CS a am * 1 & « VAT. 
cv-ti ore «eai v»nr 
n .iaa7icc.iit.v.; tan net a; , 
Jf;p5: p d try lp>pf"on^. Enfiutrin 
!s. V. Hi7 1234 L* 771*. 

Me-J OCvr raw-J71r0 aavorfHn 
rotih ran or- rrtoiM hv . 

Too «!».«’ 'in" n SOOytn 
2 c «q srar la auanuum <i e. 3.09 
yn Mcnetv 'or ’Wcinoviiyi. 

ysv »*;»h To sowJ on 
In writing plcw 
li-tii »io vow dayhrar 'pnora 
lu’.monr Ev»n - enac.i-.our «.;□ be 
rr .Mr ia unen odveruarmenij on 
mm rniiniM but eatinoi be 
*maranue<i. Revten ore advfcmt to 
r.'r-jv ihcmuivn at to u» 
ir -i armollon (snUnM In 
X'.'RMwmn. or to seek 
rrMoKoiul aovtrc. before nnenng 
torn any r r "imlWMW 


"AMD KERCH! oo I nurcw myself, 
too fuse always a comctence voU of 
effenee inward Cod. and toward 
men." Acta 2*. IS. 


BIRTHS 

BARTLEET. - On December 22nd. 
loss id Sonia 'are Gcodmani and 

T im. a ion. Guy Arthur John. 

DINNING. - On December 77th. to 
Lady Jure, and Lard John, o son. 
Ce.^r al Canon Gcnrrol Hcianat. 
Edinburgh. 

BRENNANS - On December 2B. IMS. 
la Paul arm Dune, a boy (Edward 
James -libera. 

CALVERT - On ITSrtl December. 1980 

It Ciena (nee LLoytS and Charles, a 
son r ells Alexander. 

CAMPBELL - on December Mm at 
Pnrrms Varga reT HoralloJ. wind w. 
to Lidia and Un - a son. Gregory 

Cordon Antonio. Brother To 
Tranmca. Fiona. Katrina. Duncan, 
rrrgui and Domna. 

CRACKNEL!- - On December 30th. 
t W1. ro Jane ‘nee Goddard) and 
Mark, a daughter Emily 

CUNNINGHAM. - On 3: si O n em b er. 
! W5. to J at □ Udine and Manhew. a 
-an Jonathan Nicholas, brother to 
victo ria Andro 

DUTTON. Or December 27Ui J9SS In 
Dxeler to Elizabeth >ncc WaddeOI and 
Jim a son sjames WUUamj DroUMr to 
Sally. 

GWATKIN - On Pecan bar 28. 19B9. 
lo Alex inee Cnppsi and Unnn. a 
daughter (Holly tltra&eih SlapkMonj 

HALL- - On D e ce m ber SOU), to Susie 
■nee Sittuikhd.ii and Paul, a son 
Roberi. 

HARRIS. - On December 2001. to 
Caroune >nee LMeri. and Mark. ■ 
(U-KhKr. Madeleine Sarah 
Kaaivrtne 

HAY - On December 19. 1 VUE. to 
Anuuvla ‘nre Mse>«n*lr StuarO and 
Michael, a dauahtcr (.Vartanhdi. a 
■si>r lor Dam*. 

HUNTER-CHOAT On 27th December. 
l'i Llrda and Tony, a son. David 
Anthony 

PATON-PHIUP - cn 2Kh December 
: 9Sfi oi Si Thomas Hossnal to Susan 
and Charted, a daughter, Emma. 

PREWETT - On Friday. December 27. 

1 V5.T- (□ Leonora ’n4e OUvarll and 
David, of Lnonion Burmrd. a son. 
Tasks Lyndon, brother forKyweL 

RAMSAY - On December 26th at 
C-ier.l Royal HospuaL Newport, to 
Corel and Bernard, a son John 
Be marc 

ROWLAND; HATHAWAY. - On 
StwiHf. December zeet. to Juliet 
Hiihawa/. wife rf John Rowland, a 
sen. Beniamin Chart ee. 


NEIL ROBERT BALDWIN become* a 
iieriajer redos'. Happy Birthday and 
cur lose always. Mummy. Daddy 
and Helen. 



THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 


PERSONAL COLUMNS 

3? Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9252 Private 01-8573335 or 3511 


HOLIDAYS AND VILLAS 


WINTER SPORTS 


SKI SUPERTRAVEL 

* * * 

THE TDP RESORTS 
CHALETS FROM Cl MOP 1 1 Jo 
tncfltoftt*. nwi l i LMM 
taro £40 a n arc P C IWB 

(Herds A transfers only ■ £79! 

01-584 5060 (24 fan) 

★ ★ * 

THE PEOPLE TO BWWTTW 


DOMESTIC AND CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


HELFQRD VILLAGE, 
CORNWALL 

Sma*. very pood hatetanwam 
rooiras al mutd nfai ai u Irani 
iiAJ A ia rc h to tha and d Panto; 
fvHimtng. Dcod-tookiog. ctoar- 
iWnttHE artatte. (fatarnanao and hkxL 
Cooking and nadtog aUt n wto- 
com* 8 m M hham qtaHas are ' 
dRStuiiiaffl tor teed and His, sta ■ 
Mtfi Mandvdi of oomoa and chad- 
no* coortHjr and Mndhtaa* Cot- 
ttgt Ml pood ctWy. tm* Pany- 
*m, W w nM » Halford. Hriata. 




01-499 8076. PtON Cafl 
tO ti red tau . 




i Vf > v 


liv funeral. 

HOYLE. - On December 230) 1985. to 
London. France* Joan, wife of the 
iJir Cdwad Hoyle. The tunerol has 
token piece, no lanm. 

HUTCHINS. - On December 309. 
1 985. suddenly. MondnotOD 
Leopold, or Newbury. Beloved 
husband of EMt and father Of 
Douotas and 8asU. Private ryemattort. 
Memorial Sendee to be announced 
taler. 



HOLIDAYS AND >1LLAS 


TRAILFINDERS 

WORLDWIDE LOW COST 
rUCIHTS. 

THE BEST - AND WE CAN 
PROVE IT. 

165.000 client* since 1970 
AROUNDTW WORLD FROM £79S 
o/w _ rtn 

SYDNEY *392 £ 0*1 

PERTH __ £379 KJX S 

AUCKLAND t«J9 £770 

BANGKOK £196 £363 

SINOAPORE £231 £A«2 

BALI £314 £381 

HONGKONG £237 £ 498 

DELHI. BOMBAY £230 £398 
COLOMBO £231 £920 

CAIRO El AO £265 

NAIROBI £231 KM 

JO'BLTO £308 £*T9 

LIMA £253 £506 

LOS ANGELES £192 £382 

NEW YORK £139 £25? 

GENEVA £78 £89 

42-40 CARLS COOPT ROAD 
LONDON W86CJ 
CUROPC/LSA FLIGHTS 
01937 6400 
LONG HALL FLIGHTS 
01-603 x&ia 
ISl/atWlB CLASS 
01-938 3444 

GOVERNMENT LICENSED/ 

BONDED 

ARTA IATA ATOt I6« 


UP. UP A AWAY 

Ntorch*. H>-burg. Catro. Dubai, to- 
tanbul. Stoeapore. K. L- Dead. 
Banauv. Hone Koto. Sidney. 
Europe & the America*. Fiautipo 
Travel. 3 New Quebec SL Matbto 
Arch. London W:H TOT. 

01-5O:«21T/i8.-.«>. 

Open SaRirday :o a>: 5.00. 


Ring Ot-584 5060 (24 hrs) 

THE PEOPLE TO SKI WITHRl 


SKI WHIZZ 

rrs SNOWWO ACABW 

WONDERFUL SIOINCH 

CalemdOiaMpardM 
49 Jin- £139. 

IHh Jan -£149. 

6-C-E99. 

The lop French and Swim rwort*. 
[ 1 V -Iuii e * BtohL 

01-3700999 

ATOL 1820 





1 1 *'J ' 4 f ■ v , *Tt t K < I j 


TEMP NOW! 

We urgaitfy need 
experienced sec- 
retaries (preferably 
with WP exp), recep- 
tionists. Immediate 
bookings tat central 
London. 


SITUATIONS WANTED 


LOW COST FLIGHTS. Meet Ecropoan 

it ad lMlkww Ca!1 Valrnrv^Bf 0*-iG2 


Ring NOW (0223) 68626 




MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 


mnWAT GRAMD 8R 09. Hae IK 


SKI HOLIDAYS from £59 

BY AIR JAN 3 & 12 sm*nwmr».c72foo.oi-B4*a344. 







BELGRAVIA, SW1 

Atfewha tHBH Itausa, mb 
larpa ioorb. wondarM nsdem 
m m aM nstta banraL pk». 
prtcy grtaft. .« twdn na. 2 
battama. 2 ‘ t n utalw nos. 
iHffunNaia iw K*m m. wo 
peruMk. 

Mayfair Office; 
81-629 4513 


GOING 

OVERSEAS? 

We HAVE WAITING 
COMPANY TSiANTS 
WANTING TO RENT 
YOUR HOME IN 
CBCTRAUSW LONDON 

Buchanans 

Lotting & Management 

01-3517767 


[ BTOB 


OBH U atta bto 3 bod Matormf . 
£95 m. 

Umlltohitod. 

01-2284166 


Happy Hampstead 




* Wide ran ge pf q uaBty&imMMd 
and ontundshad pioperty. 

• FuB Management Sendee. 


ora®® 


• LegalHixAcMoe. 
Patsonahssd Servita through 
7 computer inked offices. 


NORLAND SQUARE, W11 
Mod ptap^esamane Hraatiaffli 
SauA-todnfl gedA *** mapfc 
aneBoie UiJ(Si*v n n, ZdUm.a 

aglB bodrm*, 2 b«h« n ao-*u8a), 

CH, CHW. AwtaUte (mmadtoWy, 

frtZ morth*. B<ra pm waak. 

Hotting Hill Office: 
01-221 3500 


THE VERY BEST 

Tanb/uuleMi on to m. _h 


.VIA. 

similar aim nmoH » WW 

aBSStsopw-seoapw. 

BIRCH & CO 

01-499 8802 




1-629 6604 , 


UPFR1END&C0. 

Provide a Peisoiial 

Caring Service for 

brirt & Tenants 

01-491 7404 


WEST KENSWQTON. bnmacu- 
tata 2 bednn flat HBcep. Mt & 
bstb. £140 p.w. 6 raThs Co/Via. . 
CAMDEN rax. 1st Or flat 2 
bedims, tae recep. Mt & bath. 
075 p.w. Co ML 1 jrc. 

01-229 9966 


HVESSOEFLAT 
CHISWICK MALL W.4 

Smqr aredous MSaor bpjb- 

tocutor rtrar 15 n*» 

mow. Frte partckig. «rtty phona. 
£300 pit IncL Al ratoa. 

TeL 995 3000 


KEHsmaraa t chilsea. ami 





i aputmua. TeL Ol -B2i i 






YOtrtM CHELSEA B W IDOE CLUB HOM pAY.HAW, tra m. £180. aw In 
oto School (18-40 n «ni Tak NW (Central Lxjndon. 01 794 1186 or 
*«pi m worn; 1 Prince* Mrw*. NWS CTJ. 


LUXURY FLATS. Shorty torm Ml 
rnhanrad rmwnii irnintmT 

YOUM MAE SO. Pnbac Bch ooL ———————— 

“S SS 

Can Item Qt oWCT CH. CMW. Ol 83a 078S. 

0872 72979. 

BS1«._ M/F. prof. n/m. over 35. ( 

LEGAL NOTICES 





SwoStor 



i V ^ - A. w 1 »- > . j Ap.i y. - 1 




ENTERTAINMENTS 




LITTLE VENICE 

Laaderdate Mansions 


a*tn Ortstaa eonUca a . 2 tfite 
Dadrme. plus M bmim/mej. torn a 
raoao *«h opan baptoca. apaboua 
m*M Utthan. taa crt ir. aap ■>.&, 
batona. G.C H. Garage. SlyrlaasaL 
5 B»n«. Tube. I on shop. 

£95,000 
01-289 0688 


WEST HAMPSTEAD 
Outot 2 bedroom a ro im a Victorian 




^ s 


■ rTT 1 » 




P^rTir: 


’ n ',?W* r ^ 

ML 1 ij' 1 111 .4 

^ |Ni 









OVERSEAS PROPERTY 

emamrtolMwil.ml.rtaH 



051 6*2 3926 


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THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 2 1986 



ammes 











I CeefaxAILNawshsadfinss; 
weather, traffiband sports 
btrtifttins. Alscr available to 
vtewere wHh Mevfsion sets 
without the teletext facility. J.' 
I Breakfast TtowawlthFrank 
Bough ancf Selina Scott. ' 
Weather at 6.55*7.25, 7.56, - 

825 and 825; regkmai naira, 
weather and travel at 627, ' 

727,7.57 and &27; nalional 
and International news at7.oa, 
,7-3Qi 8JHJ, ALSO and 9JM; sport 
at720 and 82D; fit review of' 

tL37?^^?oeBravn^ 
teanags report; (Spirt 
Christen wilh'a rasps: 
fUchardSmHh’sTJhrinWn 
medical sugary, - 

1 The Lfttfeat Hobo (ft 9.45 Why' 
Draft You... 7 Young people 
from Cardiff with charting ; - 
ideas. 10.10 The-Hunter. . 

i Play Chess. Bffl Hartston - 

csscussee stalemate and 
perpetual check 102S haw tor 
Engine (r). 1030 Play School, 
presented by Caro) Leader 
with guest, Stuart McQugan. 

1 The NevAdventwea rtf 
Wonder Woman. A young girl . 
is found unconscious on a raft 
M- TMOThe Montreux ftoek 
Festival The tttird of four 
programmes of highlights from 
the Festival, introduced by 
Noel Edmonds. Among those 
appearing today are Agnstha, 
Dapeche Mode and Duran 
Duran (r). . 

I Nows After Noon with Frances 
Cdverdataand Moira Stuart, . . 
' Includes news hearttneawith 
subtitles. 1220 Regional news 
. and weather. 

i Fame. A concert featuring the 
stars of the popular television 
series, recorded at the Jones 
Beach Amphitheatre, New 
York. 1-45 Hokey Cokey. A 
Sea-Saw programme for the 
very young presented by 
Chloe Ashcroft and Don 
' Spencer (r). 

) F&n: Son of lassie (1945) _ 
starring Peter Lawford, Donald 
Crisp, June Lockhart arid Nigei 
Bruce." Laddie. Lassie's 
offspring, does not appear to 
have inherited his mother's 
bravery until he comes to tha . 
ad of his (raster who is 
trappedinside Nazi territory. 
Directed by S Sylvan Smon. 
i Tom and Jerry cartoon. 322 
Regional news- 33ST.T.V. 

Tea Time Television tor the 
young 4.10 Super Ted. 420 
WB&am Plays Santa Claus. 
Richmai Crompton's story tokJ 
by Martin Jarvis (r). .. 

I Ulysses 31. Animated science 
fiction adventures. 425 Phfflp 
Looks at 86. PhflBp Schofield 
.previews the years children's 
programmes. 5.05 Blue Pater 
. with the news of the 

Lend an Ear Appeal (Ceefax). 
i Best of Bkduratch. Highlights 
of yesterday's Hve broadcasts 
fromMartin Mere. aWHdfowt 
Trust reserve frequented by 
Arctic wfldfowL 

INewswtmNIchotosWltchen • 

and Andrew Harvey, weather, 
i London Phis. ' 

> Top of 9 m Pops Introduced by ■ 
Janice tong and John Peel. 

I EoatEndara. The Fowitora jitter 
tbetafltvffln^riasto .7 

spend the night tirSoutfiBrid . 


If Tv-am 




8.00 Tomotroitfr Worid. a look 
back at what was being • . 


These include the wi 
Coca-Cola 1 and toe motor car. ' 

8-30 A Question of Sport. Joining 
Bit BeaombntandEmlyii-- 
Hughes are Bryan Robson, ■ 
John Uiwe. Jktnrr Emburey : 
and Veroriiqus Marot (Ceefax). 

9.00 News with JuRa Somervite - 
and John Humphrys, "Weather. 

125 FBnc Endless Love {1881) , . .’. 
starring Brook Shields and ; ••• 
Marta Hewitt Teen^ge love -. 
story in which the giri'a father 
forbids the boy from seeing his 
daughter because otthe 
seriousness of the affair. The 
young man's attempts to ■ 
regain the respect oftheghTs 
family leads to a chain oTtatfc 
• events. Directed by Franco 
ZeffirelfrfCeefax). 

11.15 Storsky and Hutch. Part one 
of a two-episode story in 
which the two policemen are 
on the trafl of a drugs baron (r). 

12.05 Weether. 


6.15 .Good Mbmtog Britain .- . 
-presented by Nick Owen and 
JayiM.bvina News wifti Adrian 
Brown at 8.1 7, 620,720, 7J», 
y "OjOO, 4 L3 0 and 920; exercises 
. - * at 620; sport at 625 and 724; 
- regional reportal SIR 
•- cartoon at 724; pop video at ; 
725; hjgWghts of TV-em's 
llratfwb years at 825; .- 
Wacaday at 9JJ*. . 


ITV/LONDON 


. 925 Tnmns new* headlines 

^ofldwedbyFreg^ltocfcwttl 

- \ JSsnay Presents. . Ths story of 
■■-'fert&wndlhoBuB.- 
10JB6 Time Travel; Fact, Fiction and 

- Fwrtray. A documentary on - 
time travetwhicti indudes cflps 

/ ..from several films indudtog- 
Steven SpWberg's latest 
\.. Backtothe Future. . .. 
tU)5 Sea Urchins. Adventure story 
-. about ajjroup of chfldren who 

- inherit an old raffing boat and 
become jnvatYBdwttt . 

- - smugglers. ■■■•-■ 

1220 The SuHvan*. Drama aerial 

.•/•about an Australian famSy 
•; during the Fortes. . - 
120 News at One wtth Leonard 

- PatWn; JJ3) Thames news, 
presented by Robin Hcoston. 
120 Ctetoon Time with Daffy 

•' Duck and Porky Pig,' 

■ ;1.45 FRuc Kalefdeeeope (1966) 

- starring Warren Beatty and 
^Susannah York. Comedy - 
- thriBer about an -American ’ 

piayboywho devises a ' 

. -. foolproof method of winning at 
1 bards. It Is Hegel, of course, 

- and-his lover's father; a 

■ Scotland Yard detective. 

- threatens totum him in unless 
1 m helps put a notorious 


drama serfaL 
4-15 The Adventueee of Little Lord 
- • Fauntferoy* by Blanche ■ ■ ■ 

• HanaBs.-Afb«3WHipto 
^Frances HodgsonBuraetfs 
.• " dory about a young American 
: boy vfta inherits an EngBsh 
• eandnik He now fives with Ms 
mother andgrandtathsr on hte 
estate where, in this story, one 
. of hto new friends is seriously 
»■; Injured a poacher. Starring 
JotoMlfe and Jerry Supiran 


5.15 Blockbusters. General 

knpwfedga qwz for teenagers. 
- . ^Presented ty Bob Holoees. 
525 Nsiw with Martyn Lewie. 1 
6JOO ThnMa news from Andrew 
. Gardner and Trida Ingrams. 
622 Knlgtttmder.Thefirstof a • 
newsertesofiidventuresfor 
MchaefKnMrt and Ms super 
' car KirT. TWs evening they do 
'... i battte with XHkd WOrfd - 

terrorists and KDTs beta noir, 
. Juggernaut; - 

620; MtetmTs Daughter. Part two 
.. of the thro e o pisode drama 
and Maggy b now in New York 
and her fibgitenate dautffler br 
■ J ' Provenos. Meanwhile, 

■ MbtraTa fame b Increasing 
. buttUsOveffiroodb 


' Second World War: Starring 
Stster^e Powers and Stacy 
' KesdL - • , 

10.TS News wfth SkrxtyGaB- 

. . -Weather, foSowed by Thames 
newsheatenes:..' 

10L30 An Eveoingwith Denote 
, r . Taylor. Snooker's World 
—Champion Illustrates hfstrick- 
' shot skO| and Me talent to 
amuse wBh heft) from 

■ comedians Norman Colfier, 

- Roy Waflref and BalMoane. 

*• He also lalka to Dickie Davies 
about The yew thatbrougM 
him to putec notice after more 
than a decade In frw snooker 
-t rwBdameas. 

1128 Duke EHngten - Love You 
. -vMadV-OUiamb Lancashire 
wastheunSkaiy veraiefbrthe_ 
. i r flrst Duke EBtngton 

Cohferanceto be held outskte. 
Ihe pitted States. Clarinettist 
. . ^mthyHamatonindlrwnpeter 
WiSe Cook recaJbwhatit was 

■ tika to be pert of Effington’s 

bandand, wtthcriher 
musicians, recreate the 
BUngtonSound. • • 

1220 IGgM Thought* from 
Baroness Phipps: 




v-v 



CKImeatine Amouroux as 
Colettfl (BBC 2, 9.00pm) 


• No single programme today on 
either BBC or ITV grabs us by the 
earn and demancb to be watched, 
but there are a handfua of goodtes 
scattered across toe four networks 
that I think l can safely recommend 
without provoking unseasonable ' 
resentment Snqjjiy because I would 
■ not on principle, miss a Marx 
Brokers movie, 1 shall be watching 
HORSE FEATHERS (BBC 2, 
H.IOpm). Its the one m which . 
Groucha, taking to the water, says: 
“F was going to geta flat bottom, but 
the dri at the boat house dldnt have 
one?' Film buffs can also take their 
pick of part two of UNKNOWN 
CHArlJN, with its fascinating 
behind-the-scenes gOnwses of the 
shootmgof- City Lights (Channel 4, 
9.00pm), and Robert Vas's 
dcxacnemanr THE GOLDEN YEARS 
OF ALEXANDER KORDA (BBC 2. 
7.00pm), an Indispensable curtain- 
raiser to the season of Korda Aims 
on BBC 2, begtontog on Skwltey 


•'CHOICE 


with The Four Feathers, jazz fans 
are wan catered tor on fIV with 
DUKE ELLINGTON: LOVE YOU 
MADLY (1120pm) centred, of all 
impiety places, in Oldham. Lancs. 

About the two-part liim COLETTE 

(BBC 2, 9.00pm), I know little but at 
least the subject appeals to me 
enormoustyJt was made to France 
and so, if tnsra is any fustics to die 
worid, it ought 10 be reasonably 
authoritative. 

• Radio choice: Efizabeth 
Morgan's SKI-LARK (Radio 4, 
3.00pm) pinpoints another kind of 
danger facing those unattached 
female tiros who take to foreign 
pistss. ft Is thek hearts, not their 
Bmbs that risk bruising. Not has only 
Miss Morgan written this pofiticafty 
aware comedy - rt Is set to a Finnish 
ski-resprt with its Inescapable 
Eastern block strictures - but she 


has also given herself a nice rote as 
one of the two divorcees who may. 
or may not be, desired for 
themselves atone. 

• Music highRghts on Radio 3: the 
first British broadcast erf the 1985 
Salzburg Festival production of four 
tableaux from Messiaen's first 
opera SAINT FRANCOIS (fASSiSE 
(9.15pm). The opera Itself, four-and- 
a-han-hours long, is rarely heard. 
Now that the tableaux are getting an 
siring, the possibility that the whole 
opera itself might be broadcast is 
not as fanciful as one might imagine. 
Barter on Radio 3 (6.1 5pm), you can 
hear the stereo broadcast of toe 
Glyndeboume production of OTiver 
Knussen's short fantasy opera 
WHERE THE WILD THINGS ARE. 
The pictures that go with it are on 
BBC 2, beginning at 620. Hard to 
beet as a child's^ introduction to 
opera, although the rattiest ones 
might have a sleepless night after 

li9ms01J, • Peter Davalle 


Roslru s String Sonata No Sin D 
(Franz Uezt Chamber Orchestra): 
Handers Concerto Grosso tn B 
flat Op 3 No 2 (Northern SJntonte);i 
Mozart's Symphony No 
341ECOU 920 News. 

925 Thb Week's Composer 
. Beethoven. Baflet music from 
Prometheus, finale 
(PhSharmonla); Sonata in G, Op 
7B (Brendei, piano); Sonata m C 
Op 102. No 1 (Rostropovich, cello 
and Richter, piano); Int r oduction 
and Variations on Ich bln der 
Schneider Kakadu (Beaux Arts 
Trioj.t 

1020 Robert Mayer Concert with BBC 
SO (under Christopher Seaman). 
Smetana's The Bartered Bride 
overture; test movement of 
Mozarts Symphony No 3& 
Dvorak's The Noonday Witch; 

Jan seek's Lachlan Dances 1 to 3; 
Weinberger's Polka and Fugue, 
Schwanoa the Bagpiper. A 
recording of a concert given last 
October at the Royal Festival Had 
ae part oMhe Celebration of 
Czech and Slovak music.) 

1110 Prokofiev and Brahms; Alexander 


BBC 2 


ir 


CHANNEL 4 


lOOCssfex. 

1025 rant The Outcast (1954) 

" starring John Derek and Joan 
Evans. Western adventure, set 
- In Colorado (Airing the 1880s, 
about a man who hires a gang 
of gunmen to help hkn take 
back his Inheritance - a large 
and successful ranch - but the 
* Incumbent, the man’s unde, is 
■■■' not giving up the ranch wfthotjZ 
a fight Directed by WSiam 
. .Witney. 

1220 The Jou-ney. The final teg of 
. Pater Tereon’s and Dennis 
Skflficom's Journey by jwpsy 
caravan along the ala pilgrims' 
route from Winchester to 
, Canterbury (r). 

1220 Racing front iCtottenham. 
Rktoard Pttmen Introduces 
' coverage of the 125, 120, 

2.15 and 220 races. 

325 Whafs Up, CtmdC7 Animator 
Chuck Jones Biatrstes the 
Importance of steging and 
design to the making of 
-cartoons. ' 

325 FBnt Tits Young Ones (1861) 
starring Cfiff Richard, Robert 
Moriey, Carol Gray and -The 
Shadows. Musical story of a 
mfiBonaire> son who 
(fistxNwa that his father is 
going to develop the site on 
which a much-needed youth 
dub has Hs premises. Directed 
by Stony J. Furie. 

520 Tin Wat ehtow sr. Squadron 
Leader Jack Currie recaBs toe 
War-time events concerning 
the control to wer , or 
watchtowar, at East Wrkby 
airfield m Lincolnshire, the site , 
of unexplained sounds and 
happenings forty years later 

W- 

5.50 Tha World of Maurics 

Sendak. An Introduction to tha 
worid of tftfldreh’s story writer. 
Maurice Sendak, two Was of 
which have teen adapted to 
- operas by CMlver Knussen. The 
.first. Where the WMd Things 
Are, wAbe shown after this 
programme, toe second 
■ ' ttiggjety Piggfcrty Popl canbe 
seen tomorrow. 

620 Where the Wit d Things Arm. A 
one-act fantasy (toera based 
on the chldran's story by 
Maurioe Sendak about a 
..... ruuf^ boy who Is sent to 
bed early where he conjures 
up a fantasy world for himself. 


mg rvr 

Mary King wWt the London . .' 

- Slnfontatia. conducted by 
Oliver Knussen (r). 

720 ThoGoidan Years of ■■ 

- Alex an der Korda. Kenneth , 
More narrates this btxfle to r 
toe celebrated film producer^. 

820 Into 86 into BBC 2. A preview 
of BBC 2's new season. 

•20 Entertainment USA A 

coritofiadon of Jonathan 'King's 
earlier programmes. 

920 Colette, Part one of atwo- 
episode dramallzad biography 
of the French wrder. Colette. 
Starring Clementine Amouroux 
andMachaMerfl-Engflsh 
subtitles. 

1020 An Evening te6h Howard KsoL 
Part one of a concert recorded 
at the Royal Albert Hall (r). 

11.10 Fine Horse Feathers* (1932) 
starring toe Marx Brothers. 
Plans to strengthen a college 
footbafl team by sigRing up 
two professional players go 
hionously awry. Directed by 
Norman McLeod. 

12.-15 Weather. 


220 FOrre Turkey Time' (1333) • 
starring Tom Wafis and Ralph 

Lynn. A Bern Travers farce 
about two men spending 
Christmas with a henpecked 
husband and his shrewish 
wire. Their good Samaritan act 
In trying to help a stranded 

concert-party pierette lands 

them in a deeper and deeper 
comic mess. Directed by Tom 
wans. 

325 Poets awf People. A repeat of 
a programme from a series 
shown last year in which - 
contemporary poets were 
. tamed reading their work 
. before a five audience. This 
- . afternoon Tony Harrison, who 
adapted the medieval mystery 
plays being shown on this 
channel on Sundays, reads his 
dramatic poetry to an audience 
at the Original Oak pub in 
Heading! ay near Leeds (r). 

420 The Soldier’s Tale. An 

animated version of toe classic 
Russian chfldron'e fable about 
the struggle between a man's 
soul and greed, that was set to 
musk: by Igor Stravinsky In 
191 8 with a narrative written 
by C. F. Ramuz, a Swiss poet. 

: With toe Los Angeles 

Chamber Orchestra conducted 
by Gerard Schwarz. 

620 A Language for Ben. A 


. the efforts of Lorraine and Ray 
FMcher who, from the time 
that son was cflagnosed 
.profoundly deaf at theoge of - 
10 months, were determined 
that he should not miss out on 
ths intelectual and emotional 

- development enjoyed by . 

: hearing children. 

620 A Frame wHhDsvts. Steve 
Davis's guests are Suzanne 
Danielle and Kenny Lynch. The 
• - final programme of the series 
(Oracle). 

720 Channel Fbumawswith 
Alastair Stewart Weather. 

720 Robin Cousins has Paris 00 . 
Ice. Britain's former European, 
Worid and Olympic, c ha mp i on 
was one of a-numberof stars 
taking part tit a professional 

■ v competition in Paris last 

weekend. Simon Reed spent a 
day with the skater ee 
rehearsed Jitis. new eoufine, . ,. 

820 Treasure Hunt. The firet of a' " 
new series. Anthony Gasson 
from Northwood and David. 
Curtis from Rickmansworto 
attempt to guide Anrieka Rica 
to treasure hidden til NOrth 
Wales (Oracle). 

.920 Unknown Chapter. Ibe second- 

. Of three programmes 

' dedicated to the work of 
Charts Chaplin both’ as an 
actorand a drector. The 
programme indudes Jackie 
Coogan talking about The KM; 
and Georgia Hale recalling 
filming Tha Gold RUah(r)r 

1020 Brigitte Bardot -My Own 
Story. Part two of the story of 
the screen sex goddess told In 
her own words (r). ■ 

■11.00 The Corale Strip Presents.— 
Private Enterprise. A comedy 
about a man who makes a • 

- fortune whan he steals a pop 
group's master tape while they 
are away on an extended 
concert tow ofScandnavta. - 

11.40 Tongues of Fire. Craig Raine 
reads poems by Nabokov, 
George Herbert and Wifiiam 
Blake. Ends at 12.10. 



Handel's music, origlnaHy 
broadcast tn three parts with Ceri 
Dueling as Handel. Narrator: 
John Rowe. (r)t 

9.15 Does He Take Sugar? Magazine 
for disabled its tenors and their 
families. 

920 The Archive Auction. Irena 
Thomas discovers that (here is 
plenty in the BBC sound archives 
shelves to help her eat, drink and 
be merry. 

9.45 Kati^doscope. Arts magazine, 
presented by Paul Vaughan. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime. Vice Versa or 
A Lesson to the Fathers by F. 
An&tey (4). Reader David navies. 
1029 Weather. 

1020 Tho World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial Worid Tonight. 
1120 New. HandBng the Hats. How 

Peter Rhodes overcame his 
hatred of the Japanese, after 
being a prisoner-of-war, working 
in one of their coalmines (rL 
12.00 News: Weather. 1223 Shipping. 
VHF (available In England and S. 
Wales only) as above except 
525-620am Weather; Travel. 
125- 220pm Listening Comer. 
Brian Cant reads Beppi the 
Clown Prepares for the Show. 


Radio 3 


625 Weather. 720 News. 

725 Morning Concert Beriioz'B 
overture Rob Roy (Scottish 
National): Gluck' a Dance of the 
Biassed Spirits, Orfeo ed Euridice 
(Academy of St MartJn-tivttie- 
Retds): Mendelssohn's Octet, Op 
20 (IMualeO-t 8.00 News. 


Op38.t 

1225 Mendelssohn: Capricdo in E 
minor Op 81 No 3, and Viofin 
Concerto fat D minor, and String 
Symphony No 12 (Goldberg 
Ensemble with Malcolm LayflekJ 
(vbijn).t 1.00 News. 

125 ChBdren at Heart Prokofiev's 
- Winter Bonfires (Prague Radio 
Orchestra and Chorus); Elgar's 
Wand of Youth suite No 2 (t_F»0).t 

1.45 Gawein and Ragnall: chfidren's 
opera in two acts, with Richard 
Blackford's music. City of 
Birmingham SO members/ 
Midlands Arts Centre Children's 
Opera Chorus. Conductor Paul 
Herbert. With soloists ABson, 
Shannon, Miktes, Viegas and 
Faks.t 

220 Youth, the Muse and the Piano: 
Prokofiev's Piano Sonata No 1 


Helsinki Children's Strings. 
Sibelius's Andante festive; 
Handers CeBo Concerto in G 
minor; Klami's Homage to 
Handel; Boyce's Symphony No 4; 
Sonrtinen's arrangement of 
Bartok's Ten pieces, 

K lcrokosmoa); Rautavaara's 
ertimento; Sonnlnen's 
Juvenafia.t 4.55 News. 

5. 00 Tchaikovsky: a Fateful Gift (7) 
Tha Inspiration of EngBsh 
Lkeretura. With Mike Qwifym as 
- the composer (r).+ 

6.00 A Chopin Sequence: piano 
recordings made by Krystian 
Zimennan.t 


Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau in .Messiaen's Saint Francois d'Assise 
(Radio 3, 9.15pm). And Karen Beardsley in a scene from Where the Wild 
Things Are (BBC 2, at 620pm and Radio 3 at 6.15pm) 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


6.15 Where the WBd Things Are. 
Knussen's one-act fantastic 
opera (a sbmittansousf 
transmission with BBC 2Lf 
7.00 Bandstand: Ever Ready Band 
play Malcolm Arnold's uttie Suite 
No 1 ; Roger Payne’s Aspects for 
homandband.f 

720 Bach and Schumann: Gerhard 


nr 1 


Partita No 5 in 6 major. BWV 829: 
Schumann's Sonata No 2 in G 


8.15 The Star Wars History Michael 
Chariton explores the evoftition 
otthe American strategic debate. 
Those taking part induce Dean 
Rusk and Field Marshal Lord 
Carver, Ti 



1127 News. 1220 




Radio 2 


News on the hour. HeadBnes 520am, 
6.30, 720, 82a Major bulletins 720, 
&20, 120pm. 520 axxl 12ntidnighL 
5portS Desk 1 25pm, 222, 322, 422, 
5.05, 6.02, 6.45 (MF) ortfy. 9.55. 

fin Berry.t 6JW Ray Moora.t 


320 Music All the Way.t 420 David 
HomBton.t 620 John Dunn.t 8.00 WaVy 
Whyton introduces Country Qub 
featuring Merle Haggard. 10.00 Another 


Morrison and The Kipper Famtty. 1020 
Star Sound Extra. Nick Jackson reviews 
the Dims of 1 985. 1 120 Brian Matthew 
(stereo from midnight). 1.00am Charles 
Nova presents Ntahwde.t 320-420 A 
Uttie Night Music. 


m 


Radio 1 


6.00am Adrian John. 720 Mike Read. 
0.30 Simon Bates. Includes the daily 
horoscope, the Birthday File, and Our 
Tune. 1220pm Newsbeat (Steve 
Annett)- 1&45 Gary Davies. Includes, ar 
220 Connection, the Sloppy Bit, and the 
Cultural Afternoon Quiz. Also the Radio 1 



5X5 Bruno Brookes. 720 Janice Long. 
John Wallers reviews the week's 
musical press at 8.00. 10.00-1220 Andy 
Kershaw.t VHF Radios 1/2: 4.00am As 
Radio 2. 10.00pm As Radio 1 . 1220- 
420am As Radio 2. 


WORLD SERVICE 


tOO Newsdesk. 7-00 News. 7-08 Twarwy-tou/ 
Hours. 7 JO Sinn GospoJ. 745 Network UK. 

8- 00 Nem. B.1S Country Styie. UO John Post 

9- 00 News. MS Review of the Brttish Press. 

9.15 The GerwreTs Weakness. 9-30 Rnancul 
News. e^O Look Ahead. 9.«5 Monitor. 1D.1D 
News. 10.01 Jeroma Kern, American Genius. 
10JO Two Cheera for 1986. 1120 News. 1129 
News About Britain. 11.15 New Ideas. 11 JS A 
Lenar from England. 1220 Radio Newsreel 

12.15 Top Twenty. 1225 Sports Roundup. 120 
News. 129 Twenty- tour Hours. 1 JO Network 
UK. 125 Brotherhood ol Brass. 220 News. 
2.01 Outlook. 2.45 Juke Box Jury. 320 Radio 
NewsieeL 3.15 The Pleasure's Yours. 420 
News. 429 Commentary. 4.15 Assianmem. 
MS The World Today. 520 News. 529 A 
Letter From England. 5.15 FBn Star. 820 . 
News. 828 Twenty-ftxr Hows. 8.15 A Jolly 
Good Show. 1020 News. 1029 Tha world 
Today. 1025 A Latter From England. 1020 
Financial News. 1040 Refectiona. HL45 
Sports Roundito- 11.00 News. 1120 
Convnentary. 11.15 Merchant Navy Pro- 
gramme. 1120 Nature Notebook. IT .40 The 
Fanning World. 1220 Naws. 1220 News About 
Britain. 12.15 Radto Newsreel 1220 Music 
Now. 120 News Summary. 121 Outlook. 120 
Brotherhood of Brass. 1.45 Book Chokai. 120 
In Tha Meantime. 220 News. 220 Review of 
the British Press. 2.15 Development. 220 
Beethoven and tha VtoOn. 320 News. 329 
News About Britain. 315 The world Today. 
320 The Money Markets. 420 Newadeek. 420 
Counby Style. 626 The World Today. 

AM times In OMT 


FREQUENCIES; Radio 1: l053kHz/285m; l089kHz/27Sm; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Ratfio 3; l2l5kHz/247m: VHF -90-9Z5; Radio 4c 
200kHz 1 500m: VHF -02-95; LBC .1 1 52k Hz/261 m; VHF 97 J; Capitafc 1 548kHz/1 94m: VHF 95.8: BBC Radio London 1 458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; Worid 
Service MP648kHz/463m. • 


.00 Wales 


Btidwatch. laLOStim-IZ.'KI Nows and 
weather. SCOTLAND: OSpm-720 
Reporting Scotland. 8JW-8^0 Celebrity 
coL NORTHERN IRELAND: 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 


J 




.Inside Ulster. 625-720 Beet of 
Btidwatch. asO-fiJOO Zoo 2000. 
1225mtM2.10 News oqd weather. 

. ENGLAND: 625pm-720 Regional news 
magazines. 


Scottish -( taSKT* 

'O'Connor. 12J)5HBThte Way Up. . 
1220-120 Give Us A Clue. 1J20-5.45 
Film: The Ten Commandments. Ceci B 
de MBe epic starring Chariton Heston. 
620 A Piece of Cake. 625-920 
Crossroads. 1220 am Late Call. 1225 
Closedown . 


BORDER Lodon 0xce P t 

ounuen A i20pm . 1 j3o News. 3.45 
Young Doctors. 4.10-4.15 Cartoon. 6JM 
Lookaround. B25dB20 Crossroads. 
1220am Border News, Closedown. 


ANGLIA A® London except ' 

! 220pm-1 .00 Short Story 
Theatre. 120-1 20 AngBa News. 6.00 
■ About Annfia. 625-6.50 Crossroads. 
1220am Thursday Topic, Closedown.. 




ll.'UJ.I.l'L 11 .. 










NTS 


CMp Starts. 1 .30pm Frame With 
rT T Davies. 220 Ffalabalam. 2.15 
Brigitte Bardot 3.1 S Film: Lady On A 
-Tram: (Deanna Durbin. 520 Harmer awr 
Fwy. 5^40 Looking Into Paintings. 6.10 
Pest From The West 620 Dfifod cwn 
Defald. 720 Newyddkm Salth. 720 
Bwrtwn Bro. 620 Dinas. 920 lechyd 
Da? 925 Unknown Chaplin. 1020 FBm: I 
See A Dark Stranger (Deborah Kerr). 
1225am Closedown. 


TYNE TEES 

news. 9.30-920 Fraggle Rock. 120pm- 
120 News and Lookaround. 620 
Northern Life. 625-6.50 Crossroads. 
1220am On the Outside Looking In. 
1225 Closedown. 


7VQ As London except 120pm-120 
1 . News. 320 News. 3.45-4.15 
That's My Dog. 620 Coast to Coast 
625-620 Crossroads. 12.30»n 
Company, Closedown. 


CENTRAL As London except 
UEIH t UAL. i220pm-120 Contact. 

120-120 Central News. 6.00 
Crossroads. 625-620 News. 1220am 
Oosadown. 


^ titei ^ 




TO 


E23SE32 




WHAT THE SYMBOLS MEAN 
t Sierea. *■ Black and wine, v) Repeal 


OPERA & BALLET 


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DONALD SINOEN In 

THE SCARLET PIMPERNEL 
“A stunning adaption ... an 
evening of. . . Theatre magic" D 
Tel. “Superb comic performances" 
FT. "Just in time for Xmas, the 
spectacularly, tonguc-in-chic 
melodrama" Mail On Sun. 

Ere-TJo. Mats wed s Sarat 3 . 00 . 




tsm 


sn 




ass 


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Mumv LANE THEATRE KOVAL OI- 
S36«10a. Oi zaa 9006/7 _ 
24-tK»r 7 hHw « eooUiwe Ftm Can 

DAmNuraSSirs 
42NP STR EET 
WINNER OF ALL THE BEST 
MUSICAL AWARDS FOR 1984 
BEST MUSICAL 

S ta n d ard Drama Award 

BEST MUSICAL 

Xaurmce OnvMr Award 

•BET MUSICAL 







MERMAID THEATRE 01-SS6 B568 
CC 7*1 9999. Group Sole* 950 6123. 
Ev«s 7.30. Meta Thun A Sat at 3.00. 
ADAM DAVID 

FAITH de KEYSER 

’■BOTH BRILLIANT- S. Tintea 

DOWN AN ALLEY 
FILLED WITH CATS 

-A DEFT SLISPEKSEFUL PLAY 
wm MORE TWIST THAN A RASTA 
HAJRDO- MoS "POPULAR 
E rvr'li^ArN Ki TaF h AyERy h.gh 

Buy UdutsBluiy KrlUi Prew at branch 
NO BOOKING FEE. 


PALACE THEATRE *37 6834 CC 437 
8327 ■' 379 6433 Grp Solo 930 6123. 

“BEST MUSICAL OF 
THE 1980s" Punch 
LES M1SERABI.ES 
“A SMASHING NIGHT OUT" 

S Timas 

LES M1SERABLES 
“A MUSICAL THAT 
MAKES HISTORY" Newi»Hk 

Ei-m 730 Mats Thu A Sal 2 30. 


PHOENIX 836 2294 CC 240 9661 Of 
7*1 9999 Evas 8 Mol Tmi 3 Sal S 6 
8.30. 94 nr 7 day CC 240 7200. 

BEST MUSICAL OF 1985 
Standard Drama Awards 
MARTIN SHAW 

ARE YOU LONESOME 
TONIGHT? 


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BEST ACTOR EM A MUSICAL 




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LYRIC HAMMERSMITH 01.7*1 231 1 
Toon. Timor. UaL Wad 220 & 7 JO. 
Men. Tuc7JO- 
DRACULA 

; “AN EXCELLENT BET OVER 
THE CHRISTMAS BREAK" 
Spectator. 

“HUGELY ENJOYABLE 
PERFORMANCES” Time Out. 

Snedal rates for children 
LYMCSTUDIO Eves 3pm. THE 
GO-GO BOYS. Latecomers will 
' nor be admitted. . . 



OLD VIC 92S 761C CC 261 1B21 
TB2S Jenil Men-fTl 7.30. Wen Mats 
2.30. Sab 4.0 ft 7 .46. 

BEAUTY & THE BEAST 
The Classic Fairy Story adapted for The 

-I WOllS'fifc^^ONE TO 


PRINCE OF WALES01-S30 MSIfl 
cc Hffttine 01 -“O OBM/6/8 
Oroup Satoa Ol -9306123 

K Prawn* Q1 -741 BOSS 

F1M call 24 hr 7 dav.ee Bookings 2*0 
7200/01 -379 6433 
Cvpa 7.30. Mat Thur & Sat at, 5.00 
■ONE OF THE CHEAT -GREAT MUSI- 
CALB* S Tlinw ■ ^ 

THE NATIONAL THEATRE OF 
GREAT BRITAIN AWARD-WINNING 
GUYS AND DOLLS 


and ALFRED MARKS 

TWO INTO ONE 

Written & Dlraelad by 

‘HBarioua jraSi^iT^P.T. "Comic 
acting at lb ftneo." B-Tde. 

2ND MEAT YEAR 


8T MARTINS. B36 1443. Special CC 
No 379 6433. Eva 8.0. Tuea 2j0S. Sat 

AGATHA CHms hrS 34 th y**r of 

THE MOUSETRAP 




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Sppotal ret** tor etiBdin. 


PRINCE EDWARD. Tel Ol A37S077S 
ETVTTA 

JBWBWIWV 

FROM 1 4 MAY 1986 


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iiP* .^BRILLIANTLY FUNNY" Obs. 




WCK WHITTINGTON 




also on page 26 







































Americans 
arrive for 
Westland 


Con turned from page 1 
tland. They question the mo- 
tives of what they describe a 
weak, loss-making stale-owned 
European industries involving 
themselves in an attempt to 
rescue a British company. 
“Could it be that they just want 
to keep the Americans out? 
They could be fatting the goose 
to kill it off next Christmas" 
one source said. 

Supporters of the European 
bid said last night that the 
Americans' arrival confirmed 
that their motive all along had 
been to buy their way into the 
European market. 

One senior government 
source said* “Far from being the 
reluctant suitor as we were 
being told, wc now see them in 
their true colours. They will 
increase their offer because they 
know the European one is 
belter. They are buying in. Are 
we going to have a coherent 
British and European helicopter 
industry or arc wc going to alw 
an American multi-national to 
buy its way in and divide that 
coherence? 1 ’ 

Meanwhile, the Whitehall 
battle showed no signs of 
abating. Government sources 
said there had been misconcep- 
tions that an American deal 
would jeopardize jobs in the 
avionics industry. They said 
that Westland would be allowed 
to compete for electronic 
equipment and machines requi- 
red by Government depart- 
ments. 

From Government circles, 
too. came a warning of the 
difficulties of Westland working 
in an arrangement with large 
European nationalized indus- 
tries. It was also said that, 
despite the Ministry of Defence 
decision not to buy Black 
Hawks, there was a potential 
market in the Middle East and 
other parts of Europe. 

But Mr Heseltine's sup- 
porters quickly replied that only 
about 40 Black Hawks had been 
sold outside the United States 
in seven years. 

A Government source added: 
“They are desperate to sell 
Black Hawks. The whole pur- 
pose of this exercise is to create 
a situation where there is no 
work for Westland unless 
somebody buys Black Hawk, 
and to force the Government to 
cow to pressure and buy them." 

Letters, page 13 
Tempos, pace 20 


The maverick behind 35 Oscars 






Alee Guinness (left). Sam Spiegel. Jack Hawkins and David Lean during the filming of Lawrence of Arabia in 1962. 

From Trevor Fishlock, New York 
Sam Spiegel, the film pro- Waterfront, with Marlon 




ducer. who cut against the 
Hollywood grain and made 
successes (ike The Bridge on 


Brando. The Bridge on the 
River Kwai, with Alec Guin- 
ness, and Lawre nc e of Arabia, 


the River Kwaz, Lawrence of with Peter O’Toole, all won 
Arabia and On the Waterfront ; Oscars for best film of the year. 



Sam Spiegel with his wife Betty in 1963 and Marion 
Brando in On The Waterfront. 1954. 


has died in his 80’s. 

Mr Spiegel was a Hollywood 
rarity - a risk-taking indepen- 
dent producer who refused to 
join the system and made the 
high quality films that he 
wanted to make, negotiating his 
own financing and distribution 
deals. 

Towards the end of bis life 
he become a severe critic of 
trends in modern film -making. 
“Pictures today are inspired by 
boredom." he said, “by a desire 
to make an easy bock." 

In a producing career lasting 
more than 30 years, be made a 
succession of acclaimed films 
which won 35 Oscars. On the 


Commenting on his repu- 
tation for being a maverick, Mr 
Spiegel said: “I want to see if it 
is possible to s w im against die 
current" 

He once said that the 
medium of films enormous 
potential. “What other medium 
has man ever had that could 
penetrate the cultural, geo- 
graphic and l ingui stic frontiers 
of the world to reach two-thirds 
of the world's population within 
one lifetime." 

Mr Spiegel, who fired in 
New York, died in the Carib- 
bean island of St Martin. He 
was convalescing after prostate 
surgery- Obitnary, page 14 


. vy-y VHT* J . •: .?• < / 


Today's events 


Exhibitions in progress 

Sculpture by Helaiue Blumcnfcld; 
Coventry wbilefriais. London 
Road/Grubon Road; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5. dosed Sun (ends Jan 19). 

The Mite-y Monster the micro- 
scopic world of miles and ticks; 
National Museum of Wales. 
Cardiff; Mon lo Sat 10 to 5. Sun 
2.30 to 5 (ends Jan 10). 

Jobliog decorated glass of the 
1 930s with examples of the work of 
Lalique: Sunderland Museum and 
Art Gallery; Mon to Fri 10 to 5. 
closed Sot and Sun (ends Jan i 9). 

Work by Leigh Hunt; Phoenix 
Gallery. Larenham. Suffolk; Mon to 
Fri 10 to S.30, Sat 10 to 6, Sun 2 to 6 
lends Jan 20). 

Willi Gilli paintings: Arts Council 
Gallery, Bedford St, Belfast; Tucs to 
Sat 10 to 6. closed Sun and Mon 
fends tomorrow J. 


Cadbury's National Exhibition of 
Children's .An: Herbert Art Gallery, 
Baylcy Lane. Coventry; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5. Sun 2 lo 5 fends Jan 11). 

The Life end Works of Edwin 
Long: Russcl-Cotcs An Gallery and 
Museum, East Cliff, Bocurnemocth; 
Mon to Sat 10.30 to 5.30, dosed Sun 
(ends Jan 4). 

Game and the English Landscape; 
Willis Museum. Market Square. 
Basingstoke; Tues to Fri 10 to 5. Sat 
10 to 4, closed Sun and Mon (ends 
Jan 4). 

A Selection from the 4th Smith 
Biennial; Third Eye Centre. 350 
Saucbiehail St, Glasgow; Tues to Sat 
10 to S.30. Sun 2 lo 5.30 (ends Jan 
1M. 


Mains burst inquiry 


A committee of inquiry set up by 
Yorkshire Water to investigate the 
mains burst in Leeds on December 
10 is inviting oral evidence frem 
members of the public who should 
visit the authority's divisional 
offices at Spenfidd, 1 82 Otiey Road. 
Leeds. LSI 6 5PR. Written com- 
ments to John BeU. secretary and ■ 
so lid tor of Yorkshire Water. West [ 
Riding House, 67 Albion St, Leeds ! 
LSI 5AA. I 

f 


Waterfacts 


Children's books - paperback 


Some rscommandatSons from 1985 
FOR YOUNGER READERS 

7be Chnaamakar Mfea and the Giant, by Roger WBams; Bus Linda B^ch (Hippo, 

Hairy Mactary from DonaMaon’a Otar* by Lynley Dodd (Puffin. El .50). 

Mouse Tales, by Arnold Label (Puffin, El .75). 

The Naughty Mouse, by Sushefla Stone; Bus Amanda Welch (Luzac £2.25). 

The PWd*h, Purpish, HoM Egg, by B» Peat (Deutsch, £235). 

FOR OLDER READERS 

B onnie Dundee, by Rosemary Sutcftff (Puffin, £1.751 
Charlene Sema B mea. by Penelope Farmer (Bodtey Head. ESJ5). 

NcfMnmas Day, by Adrian Mitchell. Sirs John Lawrence (Alison & Busby, E3JS). 
Ribbon of Fire, by Allan Campbel McLean (Canongste. £1.75p). 

The Warden’s Ken, by GiKan Avery (BocSey Head. £3.96). BA 


IRA blast 
at midnight 
kills two 
policemen 

Continued from page 1 
of the worst yew for police 
casualties in Northern Ireland 
since 1976. TwenTy-three police 
offices, men and women, died 
through terrorism in 1984. 

“There wasn’t a policeman 
who was not glad to see the 
back of 1985 and most of the 
force was looking forward to 
1986 and hoping for better 
times," the rJmirrmm . of the 
Northern Ireland Police Feder- 
ation. Mr Alan Wright, sakL 

"No doubt there wilT be. a 
feeling of sadness and sorrow in 
armagh for a while. Your 
morale hits rock bottom but 
then the determination to , 
continue to tty to capture there! 

people will rise to the surface 
again." ■ 

The Roman Catholic Primate 
of belaud. Cardinal Tomas O 
Fiaich, speaking at a world day 
of peace Mass in Armagh, said 
the attack was a deplorable 
atrocity.. . 

It was heartbreaking that the 
first moments of the United 
Nations International Year of 
Peace should be marked by this 
tenible crime, be said. 

Mr Seamus Mail on, deputy 
leader of the Social Democratic 
and Labour Party, who is 
standing in the constituency in 
the Ulster by-elections on 
January 23, said it was a callous 
and calculated act of savagery. 

Mr James Nicholson, his 
Official Unionist opponent, one 
of Ulster’s 15 MPs who resigned 
in protest at the Anglo-frish 
agreement, said it was a 
premeditated and barbaric act. 

At Fortadown police- fired 
plastic bullets to disperse rival 
sectarian pngs who dashed 
yesterday dose to the Catholic 
Tunnel area from which Orange 
Order marches were banned last 
summer. 

More than 100 people were 
hurling stones at each other. 
One man was slightly injured 
and shop premises were dam- 
aged. The police were attacked 
when they moved in to break up 
the fi ghting but suffered no 
casualties. 

Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, in 
his new year message yesterday, 
made no reference to the attack 
in which the policemen died. 

He said however that recent 
callous attack* on police 
stations had emphasized the 
threat to peace and p rosperity 
that terrorism still posed. 


Weather 

forecast 


Letter from Singapore 

Locals lend an ear 
to foreign TV 


Sales of rabbits’ ears are 
booming in Singapore: _ No, 
thfc is not another Chinese 
delicacy ^ chicken’s feet or 
fich hwid it is indoor tele* 
vision aerials. 

People are snapping them 
up at $10 (about £3.50) a tune 
so they can tune in to TV3, a 
new commercial channel 
beamed across the causeway 
from Malaysia. 

The Government of Mr Lee 
Knan Yew is not amused, and 
is doing all it can to discourage 
Singaporeans from watching 
TV Ttga (Malay for three). It 


linle signs offering ultra-high 
frequency antennae that ap- 
peared in the shops last month 
and the brisk trade in rabbits' 
ears that followed. 

TV3 is regarded as a threat 
to the advertising revenue for 
cash trapped SBC, but its 
main offence is the challenge it 
represents to the Singaporean 
Government ethic that "nan- 
ny knows best” 

Mr Mohammad Noor Sai- 
led, the station's general 
manager, argues: "We .are a 
commercial station and we 
run what makes our viewers 


is a racier station than the - and advertisers happy. Our 
Singapore Broadcasting Cor- surveys in Malaysia (which is 


!. poratLoa (not a difficult fiat) 
and - it shows freewheeling 
Cantonese soap operas as well 
as American favourites such 
as High Street Blues not 
broadcast here. 

SBC stopped regular screen- 
ing of Cantonese and other 
Chinese dialect programmes 
five.. years ago when the 
Government launched its 

“Speak Mandarin" campaign 
to bring linguistic homogen- 
eity to Singapore - whose 
population is, 77 per cent 
Chinese - mostly Hakka, 
Hokkien arid Cantonese. 

So the appearance of a rival 
cultural influence over air- 
waves it cannot control 
aroused governmental wrath. 
The state-run Housing. Devel- 
opment Board, which runs the 
high-rise estates that are home 
to SO per. cent of the island's 
2.5 miifibn population, sum- 
moned the media. 

Reporters were told: “The 
board will not modify its 
existing -central antenna sys- 
tems nor install equipment on 
new blocks to receive TV3 


35 per cent Chinese-popu- 
lated) showed that they want 
Cantonese programmes.” 

This kind of talk would be 
heresy at SBC, which has a 
viral role to play in the 
Government’s social engineer- ; 
mg policies. It buys in soap 
operas from Hong Kong and 
Taiwan and dubs them into 
Mandarin. 

The closest analogy would ; 
be the BBC consenting to 1 
show Coronation Street but 
only if it is dnbbed into 
standard received English. 
Imagine Hilda Ogden opening 
her mouth and the voice of 
Angela Rippon coming om. 

SBC has just started a new 
Mandarin soap opera at peak 
viewing lime, based on the 
tribulations of a family setting 
up a food staff. It has some 
pretty heavy homilies about 
the evils of gambling, and 
according to its Chinese 
detractors bears about as 
much resemblance to the real, 
thing as a pantomime horse 
does to Red Rum. 

But though the Govern- 


new blocks to receive TV3 But though the Govern- 
programmes." The spokesman ‘ ment can (and does) ban 
added, haug htily: “I is not the cosmopolitan and soft-pom 
s c.^i: ..j 


Government’s policy to facili- 
tate the reception of foreign 
commercial television 

stations." 

Tenants are not allowed to 
fix their own outside aerials, 
and just to mate the point 
dear the staunchly pro- 
Govemment Straits Times 
group said it would not 
publish listings of the TV3 
programmes. 

However, this is Singapore 
after all, and the entrepreneu- 
rial spirit of the Chinese 
shopkeepers is still alive and 
alert to fresh business possi- 
bilities. Hence, The discreet 


magazines, and forbids the 
advertising of chewing-gum 
(because it costs so much to 
clean it off public property), 
not to mention littering, 
spitting, smoking and crossing 
the road in the wrong place, it 
is pretty well powerless to 
deflect television signals. 

Perhaps some bright spark 
will dream up a new soap 
opera, this tune about the 
nightmare problems that poli- 
ticians face in trying to change 
human nature. In Mandarin, 
of course. 

Paul Routledge