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Rough waters 
Michael Parkinson 
takes the desert 
island by storm . 
Intelligence men . 
Allan Massie on 
the real spies • • 
behind their books 
Under wraps 
Unveiling the secret 
formulas of .... 
modem pack ag ing 

Little and large 
Big time Tor the"' 
amateurs in the 
FA Cup third round 


The ' Times Portfolio compe- 
tition £2,000 prize was won 
yesterday by Mr Graham 
Saatell of London. Portfolio 
list, page 12; how; to. play. 
Informal ioo Service, hack page. 
Tomorrow, . £22,000 can he won 
- £20.000 in the weekly 
competition, and £2,000 in the 

; C Many, hotels - used by British 
’ "> tourists in Italy, Greece. . Portu- 
; L ^' gak Spain and Yugoslavia fall 
M'y' short of British safety standards 
. ’ and some are “positively 
'.f- unsafe”, the Consumers' As- 
soefolion said. Calling for 
international safety standards, it 
- - advises holidaymakers to insure 

_ ~ r j: against personal injury. .Page 3. 

:-v? Prison rioters 

si Honfe 

Lord Carrington yesterday on 
_^ais arrival in Madrid for talks 
Spain’s membership of 
: SNato. Police kept anti-Nato 
-.demonstrators well away Page 4 
; S Leading article, page 9 

i ?Debt talks 

i -Nigeria's creditors, who are 
; , : jwed $17 billion (£11. 8 billion). 
I -jlay reopen talks on reschedul- 
•; ‘iug the debts without an 
;igreement between Nigeria and 
i i-.hc International Monetary 

• i ‘Fund . .P*8 e 13 

■; Radio silenced : : 

•- ; ;fhe Nicaraguan ' Government 

-i ■ Closed down the Catholic 
'■ i j’Thurch’s official, radio station 
lifter it foiled to . broadcast 
- ‘ Resident Ortega’s year-end 
nessage . • ■ ■ ' 

Sandinistas confident, page 5 

/Bruno’s chance 

^^r^rank Bruno, the ■ British 
' leavyweight boxer, will meet 
: .tc*/ }errie Coetzee, of South Africa, 
' *#it Wembley in March in a bout 
•; ^Tvhich, if it is won by Bruno, 
- • rill earn him the chance to box 

r the world title ■ . Page 18 



free guard 

Rioting . inmates at . the maxi- 
mum-security West '.Virginia 
Penitentiary freed two hostages 
but . continued to hold another 
14 .while demanding a meeting 
with the governor. One of those 
freed was a guard with a-hlslory- 
of heart trouble . . .,'.''Tage4 l 

Debt repaid 

The Nigerian - chief whose -two 
wives. 18 children anti' two : 
nieces -lived in a London hold 
at the ratepayers’ expense last 
November, paid back £5. 520 to 
Westminster City Council •• ’-' 

■ • . . 2 

Spending shift 

A fifth of families' household 
spending goes on food, against a 
third 20 years 7 ago, a survey 
finds. More is spent on housing 
and transport . .Page 3 

Troops arrive 

The first of 550 extra - regular 
troops arrived in . Ulster -to 
mount guard over police .and 
army posts and the remainder 
of the Royal Angfians battalion 
will arrive by tomorrow Paige 2 

Madrid meeting 

.i ‘ . .. -I.- .; .’By' 

.' Tf\e Prime Minister yesterday 
warned -the Westland helicopter, 
company of . indications from 
European governments and 
companies that its. participation 
in joint European deals could be 
threatened if it . accepts ’ ‘ the 
Amcrican-ltalian rescue bid. - - 
Bui Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
gave the Westland board, which 
favours the American bid, as 
opposed io the rival European 
Offer the assurance it had sought 
that the Government would 
continue to regard ft as a British 
company whichever proposal it 
accepted, and would do its best 
to prevent discrimination 
.against pony by Euro- 
pean' interests if the European 
deaTis rejected. 

M fs Thatcher’s . in tervent ion, 
in a letter to Sir John Cuckney, 
chairman • of--_ • Westland, 

i proinpted. .both- sides' in the 
’protracted Cabinet ■ battle over: 
the future of the • British 
helicopter industry- to claim 
victories last highL 

ll was clear.. however, that the 
Westland board did - not. regard , 
it in any way as an obstacle to 
..repealing. . their_ recommen- 
dation for the .American bid. Sir 
John last night voiced delight at 
. the. .reply,... although: he. made , 
dear "that- the. shareholders ore 
to: be gi ven fuller details of both 
orders before the board makes 
its final recommendation. 

Supporters oif . Mr Michael 
Heseitine. Secretary of State for 
Defence, .were expressing de- 
light' that the . letter’ cbntaineds. 
the. clear warning of the risks of 
losing • European : . business, 
which they said was obviously 
not the reply which - Sir John 
Cuckney had hoped to receive, 
whatever he; darned.. ; - • 
Backers of Mr Leon -Brittan. 
Secretary of State for Trade and 

Philip Webster and Juditb Huntley 

industry, claimed that it upheld svtnpatheiic to the American 
.the ■ position ; he has taken -all bid. It was a skiful exercise 
along that the company should" which meant that she would not 
. he free to make us own decision be seen as ending up on the 
antj that the Government would losing side, 
not seek, to influence . the^. Bui other government 
decision of the shareholders by SO urccs interpreted the letter as 
•making, threats about future signifying that the Government 
procurement decisions. would r,p h t ’ for \\>«i 

pruturvmcB v would fight for Westland's 

• Mrs Thatcher said in her participation in European ven- 
lettcr that the- Government lures if the Sikorsky deal went 
wanted to see Westland play a through. They said it was 
Tull part in existing and future natural that the European 
European collaborative projects, companies should have made 
some of which were at an early threats to Westland at this stage; 
stage, and ail of them requiring that the Government would be 
; the agreement of the companies well-placed to resist attempts io 
and governments concerned. force Westland out; that Wes- 
In a passage which Mr tland would be able to retaliate 
Heseitine had pressed to be against Aerospatiale by ,with- 
iricluded when the letter was drawing subcontracting work it 
being drafted, and which Mr already places with the French 
Briuan had not originally company; and that Agusta, the 
wanted. _ she said: “In this Italian state company, has 
. connection you should be aware already made plain that' it sees 
; of indications from European the continuation of deals in 
governments., and companies which it is already involved 
. that they currently lake the view with Westland as vitally im- 
that a number of projects in portanu. 

which Westland are expecting Admiral Sir John Treacher, 
to. participate ' m cooperation vice chairman of the Wesiland 
with other Europagn companies board said Iasi night: “We 
. may be lost to Westland if the needed to know if we would be 
United .Technologies/ Fiat pro- disqualified from British ven- 
posa Is are accepted.” tures and now we do. We will 

- — “It- is- assess- the make a recommendation -next 
significance’ ' of" these tndi- wce ^ Sikorsky and Fiat have 
cations.” She added; in passages nw come U P Wl “> 3 better offer 
which backed Mr Bfjttan's » f “ bul are giving them 
position, that Britishl/panici- the chance to do so." 
pa lion was an important Westland s shareholders re- 

element in • the viability of «> ved a bricf summary of the 
European.. . projects - and the European consortium’s £73.1 
Government would continue to *P}P*9 n b !^ yesterday. But the 
support Westland's wish- to *. . implications of the deal 
participate in those projects. Have yet to be spelled out. 

•: ' Supporters of Mr Hesdtine y°>£ s Merchant Bank advising 
•said last night that the letter lbc Europeans, is demanding 
exceeded their expectations. tbat , lbe extraordinary general 
-'The Prime Minister had care- meeting om January 14 be 
■ fully' steered a middle course, postponed 
ha vine neryiouslv been seen as Tevr of letters, page 2 

Setback for Younger 


isfw * 

• ByNicWas Ashford 
- Diploma fit Correspondent .... 
. Western Officials .yesterday 
disrriis^ the ibreat by Colonel 
Gadaffi of- Libya" to declare an 
“unending”, war in .the Mediter- 
ranean basin if Libya is attacked 
by the United- States or Israel, 
describing it as typical Gadaffi 

-But, whle juling out the 
likelihood of a conventional 
attack by Libyan armed forces 
against American-! or Israeli 
targets, fee officials warned that 
there; could; be an increase in 
Libyan-sponsored terrorism, 
oyer the next few months. 

“Gadaffi has been saying for 
years: that Libya is at war with 
Zionism and imperialism”, one. 
official - - -safd. "Therefore his 
latest threat. is norvery new." 

The Libyan, leader issued his 
threat during, a /press conference 
in -Tripoli on Wednesday. He 
wiut responding to reports that 
fee. two countries were con- 
sidering revenge- raids against 
Ubya for last week’s terrorist 
a.tiacks at Rome; and Vienna 
airports, which- .caused . :16 
draths;' : : -" 

-The sixteenth \Tctim, a 50- 
y ear-old Greet woman, died in 
a Rome hospital yesterday. 

. -The Americans^ and Israelis 
have_ claimed feaX _ Libya is 
backing the Abu Nidal terrorist 
group, . which is Suspected of 
carrying. out the two attacks as 
well as^ a number of other 
1 outrages, r . ■ : : c ; • . V 

At his press conference 
Colonel Gadaffi said 'Libya 
“would not retaliate with 
limited action to an aggression 
against Libya*t but would 
declare war m feeregion. ’ ” 
“If an aggression ‘were 
declared against Libya, it would 
be/the beginning of fee end", he 
said.?“It would, be fee beginning 
:of an interminable war.” 

Western officials pointed out 
that although Libya had a 
considerable capacity to support 
Continued on .back page, qol 6 

Navy and RAF 

By Rodney Covilon and Ronald Faiix 

the Ministry of Defence is to 
placc ; orders worth £J;000 
million " for torpedoes and 
submarines for fee Royal Navy 
abd fee Royal Air Force. - 

great blow to Scottish shipyards, 
but also to Mr George Younger, 
the Scottish Secretary. 

Ministers decided in early 
December feat all the submar- 

It. is understood feat Mr jncs should be ordered from 
Michael Heseitine. Secretary of Vickers, but Mr Younger 
State for Defence., and Mr .subsequently tried to ensure 
Norman- Lamont, Minister of that one of fee vessels should be 
State for' Defence Procurement, ordered from one of the Clyde 
bave approved a contract worth shipyards, Scott Lithgow or 
about £400 million wife Mar- Yarrow. 

coni. 'Underwater Systems, Although he failed to get the 
’ decision, on the submarines 

~ ffomnl nrdpr changed, it is thought feat there 

JScCOFU oraer 1S t ji e prospect of an order for 

The Ctarer*] Electric Co has Scot: Lit hgow from the Govern- 
obtainod .the .biggest British menu although not from the 
order ever won in China. It is Ministry of Defence, for a non- 
for turbine generators worth military vessel, 
more than £250 million for the Decisions on the submarines 
Daya Bay pressurized water and on the torpedo contract had 
reactor nuclear power station in been expected before Christ- 
Guangdong Province, south mas, bul. may have been 
China. delayed because of Mr Hesel- 

The. contract took six years tine's heavy involvement in fee 
to negotiate. A French controversy over the future of . 
company; Framatome, is to fee Westland helicopter com- 
snpply the nuclear technology pany. 

for the plant. Page 13 Stingray has been in sen-ice’ 

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ with the Royal Air Force and 

based near Ponsmoulh. for fee foe Royal Navy in limited 
main production contract for numbers since September 1983, 
fee Stingray light-weight tor- but its development programme 
p^do. was only completed in October 

In - addition, as forecast in with the sinking in the Mediter- 
Thc Times on December ID, ranean of a de-co mmissioned 
orders are to be placed for three Royal Navy submarine. Thai 
diesel-powered Type 2400 was fee first lime that the full 
Upholder class submarines with torpedo system, launched from 
the Vickers Shipbuilding and an RAF Nimrod aircraft, had 
Engineering. Group. The work been tested with a live warhead, 
will be divided between Vickers Stingray is claimed to be the 
at Barrow-in-Furness and niost advanced anti-submarine 
Cairn mell Laird on Merseyside, torpedo in the world, and can 
An order for a nuclear-pow- be launched from surface ships, 
ened Traialgar-dass submarine fixed-wing aircraft, or hclicop- 
will also be placed wife Vickers lers. 

■at the Barrow shipyard. The The Type 2400 is a new c]ass 
cost of the submarines, when of diesel-powered submarine, 
fully equipped, is likely to total the first of -which was ordered 

about £5Q0 million. 

from Vickers two years ago. In 

; The decision to order all May Vickere foiled to have the 
three diesel-powered submar- Type 2400 short-listed by 
ines from Vickers will come as a Australia . 

Mr Young and Mr HilL who were suspended for three months by the BBC. 

stops tour 
by English 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 
The cricket world was 
thrown into turmoil last night 
when the Bangladesh part of 
the England B team's four was 
called off at the last minute. 
The players were already at 
Heathrow w hen they were told 
that the Bangladesh Govern- 
ment had refused entry to four 
members of the party because 
they had South African connec- 

The four players. Bill Athey, 
Rim Barnett, Mgrtyn Moxon 
“and Christopher Smith, were 
asked by the' Bangladesh 
Government to sign a declar- 
ation deploring apartheid and 
undertaking not to play or 
coach in South Africa again. 
All fonr were urged not to do so 
by the Test and County Cricket 
Board (TCCB) which was 
' concerned about the precedent 
it would have created. 

The team was scheduled to 
play three matches in Bangla- 
desh. the first against the full 
Pakistan side on Sunday, 
before flying on to Sri Lanka 
on January 13 for a month's 
cricket there. The Sri Lankan 
leg of the tour still -survives, but 
already the visit to Zimbabwe, 
due to follow it. is in grave 
doubt, the Government there 
haring taken the same line as 
Bangladesh. There is also the 
possibility -that governmental 
interference may stop the full 
-England team tour of West 
Indies which starts in three 
weeks time. 

Conrinned on back page, col 3 

BBC suspends two 
over ‘Rough Justice 5 

Bv David Hewson 

The BBC suspended two 
long-standing journalists on its 
Rough Justice programme yes- 
terday after criticism by a Court 
of Appeal judge that they 
threatened a witness to obtain 
an interview. 

The unprecedented disciplin- 
ary action against Mr Peter HilL 
the series' producer since its 
inception four years ago. and 
Mr Manin Young, a reporter 
w-as less harsh than that 
demanded by several senior 
BBC executives. It is under- 
stood that Mr Stuart Young, the 
BBC chairman, and Mr AJas- 
dair Milne, the director general, 
were of the opinion that both 
should be dismissed. 

But after interventions by 
other corporation officials to 
defend the records of Mr Martin 
Young and. Mr Hill, both BBC 
employess for more than a 
decade. Mr Bill Cotton, the 
managing director of television, 
'has decided to suspend them 
without pay for three months, 
issue a “severe and final" 
warning, and bar them from 
investigative journalism for two 

Mr Elwvn Parry-Joncs. head 
of their department, will also 
face a disciplinary hearing over 
the Rough Justice episode when 
he returns from holiday. 

Senior BBC journalists are 
worried about the long-term 
effects of the case, which was 
brought into the open last 
month when Lord Lane accused 
the programme of “outrageous” 
behaviour and “investigation 
b> menaces” when it broadcast 
an edition about the jailing of 
Mr Anthony Mycock for rob- 

Mr Mycock was subsequent!) 
freed from a five-year sentence. 
The Home Office" had referred 
his case to the Court of Appeal 
after a Rough Justice pro- 
gramme showed an interview 
with Miss Anne Fitzpatrick, the 
alleged victim of the crime, in 
which she said the robbery 
never took place. 

Mr Cotton said a BBC 
investigation of the pro- 
gramme’s interview techniques 
rejected Miss Fitzpatrick’s 
claim that the Rough Justice 
team threatened io expos* her 
as a lesbian. Bul it established 
that Mr Marlin Young and Mr 
Hill used “unjustifiable threats” 
to secure the interview. “By this 
action they have brought tnc 
BBC into disrepute, and in 
particular BBC journalism. It is 
not enough for the BBC to make 
high sounding pronouncements 
aboutthe quality and integrity 
of its journalism unless it is 
willing to defend these stan- 
dards by firm action if they arc 
threatened or diminwhed”. he 

Mr Cotton said that he had 
taken into account the fact that 
the case had raised questions of 
editorial accountability and 
responsibility that had yet to be 
investigated, and the previous 
high standard of the men’s work 
which has been defended by 
numbers of people both inside 
and outside the legal profession. 

”!t is clear that in BBC terms 
an offence of this nature could 
carry the penalty of instant 
dismissal”. Mr Cotton added. 

The BBL s action has been 
accepted by both men and the 
National Union of Journalists. 
Continued on back page, col 2 



Chief constables are to 
explore proposals for reducing 
the le^al limit for drinking and 
driving by up tu half the current 
permiueti alcohol level. Mr 
Ro«er Birch, Chief Constable of 
Sussex and chairman of a 
national police traffic com- 
mittee. .said yesterday. 

The possibility of a reduction 
will be considered by the traffic 
commute*: of tlic Association of 
Chief Police Officers which Mr 

Birch chairs. He said proposals 
of a 50 per cent cut had been 
made to police representntiii's 
during a national seminar on 
traffic last year. 

Mr Birch said the association 
policy stated tlsa! the t» 
drinking ar.-J driving must 
ultimately he “to mute to a 
situation of nu drinking and 
drhing but we realize this is a 
slow process and oit.* needs a lot 
of public will and understand- 

Mr Birch said nf first sight a 
cut in fee !e* el. which now 
stands at 35 micrograms of 
alcohol per 100 millilitres or 
breath or SO mg of alcohol per 
100 ml of blood, raised prob- 
lems for tlic light of social 

He said the light drinker was 
already genuinely trying ?:» 
remain within the legal limits 
but a cut could serve to confuse 
the situation even further. At 
the end of the day the only safe 
advice would be not to drink nt 

Mr Birch's committee is due 
(n meet later (his month when i! 
will ha; c the final results of the 
latest drink and driving cam- 
paign over the Chriitmas 
holiday period, \csterday Mr 
Birch said provisional figures 
already showed that greater 
police activity had created an 
increase in posithc tests and 

Among those bate 
pressed the police to reducing 
the limit by hair is Hr James 
Dunbar, depty senior re.'ice 
surgeon for Tavside and an 
authority nq drhmg problems. 

But if Mr Birch's committee 
did decide to press for change 
they would first hate In 
persuade other association 
members to suport them. 

Since the association's Ma le- 
nient calling for a zern limit has 
never reached the statute honks 
any halfway measure legis- 
lation would he required to 
alter current motoring law. 

Offences rise, page 2 

Plane freed 

Kinshasa (API - An Angolan 
Antonov military aircraft carry- 
ing Io men. forced to land in 
Zaire because of bad weather, 
was authorized to leave after 
three days, officials said here. 

Fire kills seven 

Montreal (Reamer) - -\ fast- 
mo* ing fire, possibly started by 
a smouldering cigarette, killed 
seven residents of a Montreal 

Uganda to Production 
:ensor news leaps 22% 

at Austin 

censor news 
of forces 

Kampala (Reuter) - Uganda 
yesterday imposed censorship 
on news about its security forces 
amid rebel accusations that 
government troops 1 , were con- 
tinuing to slaughter civilians. 

The Ghief of fee Defence 
Forces, Lieutenant-General 
Bazilio Okcllo, said a Press 
Security Committee would 
"krutinize. and approve or 
disapprove aft news items on 
security forces before they are 
primed or broadcast". 

“No news regarding security 
should therefore be primed or 
broadcast without prior consul- 
tation w'ith and. clearance of the 

His statement followed accu- 
sations by National Resistance 
Army rebels that government 
soldiers had killed more than 
300 people since December 17. 

By David Young 

Austin Rover. Britain’s 
largest car manufacturer, in- 
creased' its output by 22 per cent 
last year as days lost through 
strikes fell to a record low level. 

The company’s Longbridge 
plant, often dogged by labour 
disputes, achieved an even 
higher production record, with 
output up 24.5 per cent 
compared- wife 1984. 

While Austin Rover pro- 
duction at 476.000 cars in 19S5 
was 22 per cent up. on 1 the 1984 
total of 389.000,- it was not a 
company record. The number 
of days' lost through strike 
action was down to 0.05 per 
cent of working time compared 
with 6.3. per cent in 1984. For 
Austin Rover. -1985 was the 
most strike-free year on record. 


Friendly Reagan passes his Russian screen test 

nftWmns 4,3 
•#.Ws 38,16 

jS/ms J1 

Tflrfftariness 12-16 


Crosswords 6,24 

leading artMa- - 
and Letters 9 
Motoring 21 
Obituary 10 
Science - ■» 

Snow reports -24 
Sport 18-20 
TV* Radio 23 
Theatres,** :23. 
Universities .10 
Weather 24 

win* ,.10. 

" From Christopher 'Walker ' 
. Moscow 

President Reagan has, with 
his new yem; message on Soviet 
television, captured the imagin- 
ation of many ordinary Soviet 
citizens previously led by a 
relentless barrage of official 
propaganda to regard him as 
little more than a fanatic al 

“Quite frankly, we were 
amazed -whdn we turned on the 
-set for the 9 o'clock news and 
found ' the friendly face; of 
.President Reagan staring out at. 
us, speaking what Sonsded- tike 
a genome message -of peace,” 
explained Genady, an educated 
office worker m his ntid-30s 
who lives with his wife and son 
aged 12. “ • 

Like most of the tens of 
millions of Soviet viewers who 
watched the US President’s 
unprecedented new year tnes- 
sage/he had not been told that 
it ’. would be shown. . But,' like 

meet Muscovites, he had, 
almost by hab'tt^taned m to the 
nightly news, . the country's 
most popular television pro- 
gramme. - 

“We had seen him before 
during the Geneva summit, but 
what mattered as much this 
time as his appearance was the 
message " which he gave,” 
Genady said. “My family 
noticed that despite what we 
have always been told, he 
looked friendly and really quite 
normal. Of course, - we also 
.noticed that he looked a lot 
older than Mr Gorbachov.** 

' Speaking In central Moscow, 
Genady added that many of his 
friends . had been - similarity 
impressed by President Rea- 
gan's message of peace, at- 
thoMgh some wondered what it 
would amount to in’ practice. 
“The -distrust for him was- so 
great,, that it will take mere 
than this to. get. rid of it 
completely”, Genady said. 


Roth Mr Reagan's - pointed 
reference to human,’ rights and 
his claim that the Soviet Llnion 
was already researching its own 
missile defence system sur- 

prised Soviet viewers, who 
normally have little or no 
access to outside, views about 
the Kremlin's activities. 

As with Mr Reagan's earlier, 
more Indrect, appearances 
during and after Geneva, many 
Muscovites were, surprised by 
the apparent amiability of a 
man that they had so often 
been told by the official Soviet 
media to hate. 

Pravda and Isvestia, the two 

main leading newspapers, had 
front page reports on President 
Reagan's broadcast and on that 
made by Mr Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, to US television 

In an apparent attempt to 
keep up. the momentum of 
goodwill, fee Soviet authorities 
later announced a press confer- 
ence on cultural exchanges with 
the US “and fee spirit of 
Geneva", to be held today. In 
addition to . senior Kremlin 
officials, leading figures from 

the Soviet art world are due to 
take part, including Mr Yev- 
geny Yevtushenko, the . poet, 
and' Mr Igor Moiseev, the 


Gorbachov's broadcast to fee 
American people interrupted 
coverage of the traditional new 
year's day parades and football 
games (Michael Binyon 
writes). While guaranteeing the 
Soviet leader an unusually 
large lunchtime audience, this 
provoked a number of enraged 
sports fans to tell television 
Stations: “Get that Russian off 
fee screen." 

“One guy called and said; 
'What's all this propaganda? 1 
don't want to see all this. I r d 
rather be watching the par- 
ade'," a station reported. 
Another in South Carolina had 
several calls of complaint: 

Continued on back page, col 1 

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Drink and drive 
offences rise 
as police mount 
tougher action 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Preliminary ligurcs for dnnk 
and driving offences over the 
Christmas holiday period show 
that, in spite of tougher police 
action and a publicity cam* 
paign, many drivers were still 
prepared to risk driving over 
the limit. 

Yesterday Mr Roger Birch, 
chief constable of Sussex and 
chairman of the Association of 
Chief Police Officers's corn- 
mi nee on traffic policy, re- 
ported that figures available so 
far show a rise in the number of 
breath tests and arrests. 

That he said, "may reflect a 
higher level of police activity 
and certainly cannot be taken to 
indicate the campaign has teen 
a failure". 

In the immediate period of 
Christmas and the new year 23 
forces reported more than 6.000 
breath tests of which one in five 
was positive. Merseyside looked 
Jo have the worst record with 
more than half the drivers 
tested driving illegally. 

The figures indicate that 
overall the police are likely to 
have carried out more than the 
29.000 tests given last year, but 
not necessarilv to have topped 
the 37.000 in 1983. 

The slogan chosen for the 
holiday period, “Think you can 
drink and drive? Think again" 
combined with police tests had 
made a significant impact, Mr 
Birch said. 

But. he added: “Breath tests 
carried out so far leave no 
doubt that many motorist 
continue to drink and drive. A 
significant proportion that do so 
are well over the limit." 

Nine forces, ranging from 
Manchester to Dorset, carried 
out S.797 tests between Decem- 
ber 9 and the new year which 
resulted in 1.921 positive tests 
and meant that one in four 
drivers was over the limit. 

Provisional figures for Lon- 
don over the same period show 
nearly 1 1,300 tests, but less than 
10 per cent were positive. 
Preliminary figures for 23 
forces, not including London, 
between December 22 and the 
new year showed 6.356 tests 
were carried out and 21 per cent 
cr 1392, were positive. 

Mrs Lynda Chalker. Minister 
of State for Transport, agreed 
nith the police that it was too 
early to say dearly what the 
Christmas campaign had 
achieved, but she was pleased 
with Ihc co-operation between 
police and local or national 

Yesterday as the minister and 
Mr Birch were examining the 
police returns individual forces 
began to issue their figures for 
the Christmas period. 

Nottinghamshire, criticized 
for the number of tests carried 
out. disclosed that between 
December 19 and the New Year 
there had been 4.732 tests and 
115. 2.5 per cent were over the 
hmiL The force's figure has not 
been added to the national 
totals given by Mr Birch. 

In Sussex tests were up 16 
per cent on last year and the 
number of positive tests was up 
by 38 per cent on last year. A 
total of 2.394 tests were carried 
out 2 nd they showed that 
overall 61 per ccntofthe drivers 
had drunk a “significant" 
amount of alcohol.. 

In Merseyside police carried 
out 137 tests from December 20 
onwards. Eighty-nine tests, or 
56 per cent were positive. Last 
year there were 122 accidents 
with injuries. This year there 
were 150. Last year there was 
one death. This year there were 
four, all pedestrian. 

In Derbyshire there were 654 
tests over the Christinas and 
new year period and 55 drivers, 
8 per cent were over the limit. 
In Staffordshire there were 31 
positive tests between Decem- 
ber 21 and the new year 
compared with 74 last year. 
Sixty drivers failed, the breath 
tests, against 35 last year. 

There were 300 positive tests 
in Lancashire and two fatal 
accidents, compared with none 
last year. But injuries from road 
accidents were down. 

Hampshire police reported 
that six people died in the Iasi 
three weeks of 1985, compared 
with 18 in 1984. A total of 286 
drivers were found over Lhe 
alcohol limit. 

Mr Birch yesterday: 
“significant impact” 

Strike spreads 

The strike at Sheffield's 
Forgemastcrs escalated yester- 
day when the number of 
steelworkers in dispute doubled 
after men at the River Don 
works refused to cross a token 
picket line. 

Heart girl dies 

Debbie Hough, aged four, 
from Leeds. Britain's youngest 
girl to undergo a combineo 
hean-and-lung transplant, hat 
died at Harefield hospital, west 
London. She had the operatior 
last October. 

for hung 

By Colin Hughes 
Local Government 
Conservative and Labour 
party leaders on hung local 
councils believe that the lack of 
overall control by one party bas 
damaged decision-malting, 
according to a survey published 

Chief executives also com- 
plained to researchers, who 
publish their findings in today's 
Local Government Chronicle 
magazine, that balanced power 
has led since last May's 
elections to poor long-term 
planning and lack of political 

But Alliance councillors, who 
gained minority influence in 
many local councils at last 
year's elections, aigued that the 
new administrative patterns 
had proved a strong force 
against extremism of both left 
and right. 

Nine out of ten Conservative 
leaders, and 65 per cent of 
Labour leaders, said decisions 
had deteriorated. Only 9 per 
cent of Alliance leaders thought 
administration had become 
more difficult. 

The survey, covering 40 hung 
councils, shows wide variety in 
was of tackling the problem of a 
balance of power. Most auth- 
orities relied on tacit agreement 
by a minority party to keep one 
of the larger parties in control 

Both Labour and Conserva- 
tives said agreements were 
unstable, and most likely to 
collapse when the council is 
trying to agree a budget. 
Alliance leaders, in contrast, 
thought that the inability ot 
dominant parties to push 
decisions quickly through 
committee meant that decisions 
were more often taken by the 
lull council, improving council- 
lors’ democratic involvement. 

• Action to recover much of 
the ratepayers' money lost in 
last year's abortive Labour rates 
rebellion has been delayed by- 
two court cases being beard this 
month (Hugh Clayton writes), it 
means that the threat of 
disqualification from office and 
surcharge for losses may hang 
over many councillors for the 
rest of the year. 

District auditors decided last 
year to act first against rebel 
councillors in Lambetb and 
Liverpool because they delayed 
fixing their rates for longer than 
members of other authorities. A 
total of SI members of the two 
councils have been accused of 
incurring losses totalling 
£233,000 through "wilful mis- 

Their appeal against the 
auditors' decisions will begin in 
the High Court in mid-January 
and may continue to the court 
of Appeal and the House of 

If the rebels win in court no 
action will be taken against 
other rebels. If they lose, 
auditors may act against Labour 
councillors in Sheffield. Hack- 
ney, Islington, Camden. South- 
wark. Tower Hamlets and 

The politics of unemployment: 4 

Freeing firms from red tape 

Chief Okereotugba Thompson handing over a banker’s draft for £5,520 to Mr Ken 
Hackney of Westminster City Council's housing department yesterday 

Nigerian chief repays council 

The Nigerian chief whose 
two wives. 18 children and two 
nieces lived in a London hotel 
at the ratepayer's expense last 
November, refunded the £5,520 
bin yesterday. 

Chief Okereotugba Thomp- 
son invited the Press and 
television to watch him handing 
over a banker's draft at 
Westminster City Council's 
housing department. 

The council had housed the 
family in a two-star hotel in 
Paddington after they were 
evicted from their Eaton 
Square flat, in Belgravia. 

central London, by the owner. 
Mrs Soraya Kashoggi, but it 
stopped paying their bQls after 
the family refused its offer of 
£5.750 in airline tickets to get 
home. The family rejected the 
tickets because they were not 
first class. 

Chief Thompson said he had 
always intended to pay back 
the money but bad been in 
detention in Lagos at the time 
of the eviction and then had 
difficulty in getting funds 
transferred from Nigeria to 

He said: “I was taken by 

surprise by what happened and 
both shocked and embar- 
rassed”. He is planning to buy 
a 10-bedroom house in London 
so his children could complete 
their education but he would be 
returning to Lagos. “I am too 
big a fish for Britain's sea. 

The chief also produced a 
receipt for £3,196 for a further 
three weeks' accommodation in 
the hotel, and said all his debts, 
including a £19,000 bQl for 
school fees at Dover College, 
attended by his she sons, would 
be paid. 

He added that his family 
bore no HI- will towards Britain. 

More troops arrive 
to boost Northern 
Ireland defences 

The first of 550 extra regular 
™ for Northern Ireland 

police an 
border counties 

yesterday to , guard 
d Army posts in four 
and to sare- 

Belfast- The Northern Ireland 
Office confirmed that Thomas 
Power, aged 32, from the 
Markets area of Belfast, who is 
serving a lift sentence for. 

2^‘rebSdLni work on RUC murdering anRUC reserve 

constable in 1981, had begun to 
refuse food. 


sites. „ . 

Members of the 2nd 
mw w> The Royal Anglian 
Regiment, flew in from their 
Per manen t base at Colchester, 
in Essex, and the entire 
battaliom should be' in North-, 
era Ireland by tomorrow. 

Their arrival coincided with 
release of a letter from the 
Prime Minister to Mr John 
Cushnabam. leader of Nothern 

Power bas joined two of the 
26 men sentenced on December 
IS on the evidence of Harry 
Kirkpatrick, the INLA multiple 
murderer and “supergrass”, in 
what the hunger strikers claint 
will be a fast to the death to 
protest their innocence. 

Robert Tohili, aged 26, and 
Gerard Stecnson, aged 28, both 

Ireland's Alliance Party, giving from Belfast, will today begin 
an assurance that the rebuilding their sixteenth and math day 
of RUC stations destroyed or respectively withoutfood. The 
was a matter of the Northern Ireland Office con- 
highest priority and that **•" 


[RA intimidation campaign 
would not be allowed to 

The arrival in Ulster on 
Wednesday of at least one RAF 
CH-47D Chinook heavy-lift 
helicopter, flown in from RAF 
Odiham. Hampshire, is being 
T^w-n as a sign that an Army- led 
reconstruction drive is under- 

In its flying crane role, the 
Chinook can carry underslung 
loads of more than 12 tons. It is 

firmed they were still refusing 
food but said their medical 
condition did not give rise to 
any concern. 

The Relatives for Justice 
support group disputed that, 
saying that TohflTs weight bad 
dropped from 12st 41b to lOsl 
31b in two weeks and that he 
was vomiting 

Other prisoners say they will 
join the hanger strike at weekly 
intervals, one every Thursday 
morning; until the authorities 
agree to a full review of the 

capable of carrying subst antial cases of all prisoners sentenced 
prefabricated buildings across OD the uncorroborated evidence 

of police informers. 

Mr John Hume, the Social 
Democrat and Labour Party 
leader, is to meet Relatives for 
Justice today to discuss the 
strike. The group is pressing 
MPs to demand a debate in the 
Commons, and is calling for. 


Chinooks are not normally 
stationed in Northern Ireland. 
Army headquarters there de- 
clined to comment on the 
probability of the heavy lift 
helicopter being used on the 
rebuilding of police stations. “It 
could also be here in connection 
with today's movements*', a 
spokesman said, m reference to 
the Royal Anglian’s depploy- 

As a troop transport, the 
Chinook can carry 44 equipped 
soldiers but the airlifting of 

• A third convicted Irish 
National Liberation Army killer 
yesterday joined the hunger 
strike at the Maze prison, near 

emergency legislation to ensure 
there are no further convictions 
based on ' uncorroborated ac- 
complice testimony. 

Mr Peter Barry, the Republic 
of Ireland's Foreign Minister, 
flew to London on Monday to 
impress on Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland, Dublin's concern about 
the hunger strike and the 
moulding convictions on the 
testimony of accomplices. 


Alliance calls for 
‘justice department’ 

When Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher met President Reagan 
in Washington last February she 
went out ot her way to describe 
their economic discussions as 
•■excellent”. What seems to 
have particularly fired, the 
Prime .Minister's enthusiasm 
was the topic of flexibility - the 
relative ease with which small 
businesses could start up and 
what the President said about 
how small businesses have 
provided the bulk of more than 
20 million jobs created in the 
L'5 over the past two decades. 

Although the process of 
removing red tape from small 
business - and casing what the 
Government secs as ''rigidities” 
:n the labour markcL such as 
minimum wage legislation - 
was already under way before 
February. Mrs Thatcher's visit 
appears to have accelerated the 

Unlike special measures such 
as the Community Programme 
and the Youth Training 
bshemt. deregulation is very 
much a Thatchcritc policy. The 
most significant deregulatory 
step which the Government has 
already taken has been to 
reduce significantly the scope of 
the 26 wage councils which set 
rales of pay for 2.7 million 
workers and which the Govern- 
ment insists have contributed to 
unemployment. Young workers 
oZ2 being removed from their 
scope and the council's rights 
limned to fixing minimum rates 
of basic pay for adult workers. 

But the Government’s plans 
arc much wider. In July Lord 
Young, of Graflham,’ then 
Minister W'ithout Portfolio, 
published a White Paper. 
Lifting lhe Burden, making it 
clear that all new legislation 
would be scrutinized to ensure 
that the impact on business, and 
small business in particular, 
would be as slight as possible. It 

In the fourth of five articles on 
government attempts to reduce 
unemployment before (be next 
general election. Donald 
Macintyre. Labour Editor, 
looks at the Thatcher adminis- 
tration's efforts to remove red 
tape and regulations which it 
believes are curbing the growth 
of small businesses, 

new businesses. Most imminent 
is a revision of the Use Plus 
Order, which was originally set 
up to allow land and buildings 
to be used for various purposes 
without planning permission 
but is no*- hopelessly outdated. 

That will be re- vamped, in 
the words of the White Paper to 
"take account of the require- 
ments of the typical 'high tech’ 
firms where manufacturing, 
offices, research and develop- 
ment. warehousing and other 
activities may b carried on in a 
single building”. And this year 
Lord Young will step up* Lhe 
programme by publishing a 
second White Paper outlining 
the further dcrcgulatory plans. 

On employment protection, 
ministers have indicated they 
will not change existing law 
further after extending to all 
companies the two-year qualify- 
ing period before a worker can 
make a claim for unfair 
dismissal. But Lord Young has 
made it clear he will press for 
Ihc EEC to scrap its plans for 
significant increases in ma- 
ternity and paternity leave. 

The White Paper came after a 
separate buL linked exercise in 
which small businesses were 
surveyed on their attitudes to 
administrative and legislative 
burdens as part of a scrutiny 
undertaken under Mr David 
Trippicr, the minister respon- 
sible for small firms who, 
significantly has now moved in 

than the UK and that this is a 
big factor behind the substantial 
fall in unemployment since 
1982 in the US. The opposing 
view is that the US budge: 
deficit and President Reagar.' s 
expansionary fiscal policy in 
general is a much more 
important factor 

There is a widespread view 
ihat many Americans are 
willing !o "drive thousands of 
miles if necessary to secure a 
job in another town or city. Ir. 
Britain, ihc of 
workers to leave their com- 
munities is said to be com- 
pounded by a housing policy 
which makes it all but imposs- 
ible to find accommodation. 
The Gcordic and Scottish 
accents ir. Coventry, Corby and 
the Staffordshire coalfields, 
however, show that, histori- 
cally. some sections of the 
British w-orkforcc have been 
willing to move, and a recent 
Manpower Services Com- 
mission survey of US labour 
statistics concluded that the 
American workforce may be 
“less geographically mobile 
than is often suooosed". 

The underlying’ assumption 
that US unemployment bas 
fallen because there is a more 
flexible labour market there has 
also been challenged strongly in 
an article by Mr Lcn Skackietoc 
in the Royal Bank of Scotland 
Review, which includes a 
critical look at whether wages 
councils have really contributed 
to unemploy mer.L 

Mr Snackicion summarizes 
the claims of these tn favour of 
abolishing the councils that up 
to 300.000 jobs might be 
created, ar.d of opponents who 
suggest that abolition would 
have only created 7. GOO jobs 
over five years. He favours 

The first of a series of 
documents which will be put 
before conferences of the Social 
Democratic and Liberal parties 
in the coming months to form a 
body of Alliance policy rec- 
ommends the formation of a 
Department of Justice. That 
would bring together functions 
distributed among many 
government departments. 

The document, published 
today, has been prepared by a 
four-member body from both 
parties. It lists seven responsi- 
bilities which, n says, should 
devolve on the new department. 
These arc. 

the state of the law in 
constitutional, administrative, 
civil ar.d criminal matters, as 
weii as compliance with inter- 
national and European Com- 
munity law: 

iaw reform including responsi- 
bility for the Law Commission, 
which the document says 
should be given greater oppor- 
unities for making autonomous 

appointment, tenure and con- 
of judicial 

o! service 


officers and procedure 
administration of courts 

me Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions and prosecution 
serv ices generally, which should 
re independent of the police 
and not under Heme Office 

ByJohn Winder 

Administration of all legal aid, 
assistance and advice. 

Relations with the legal pro- 

Exercise of functions at present 
exercised by the Attorney 
General as part of the public 
legal system, such as power to 
halt criminal proceed in gsor to 
authorize actions concerning 
the Attorney General (relator 

The Department of Justice, it 
is suggested, should be headed 
by the Lord Chancellor and 
Solicitor General with one or 
two junior ministers as under 
secretaries. At least one minis- 
ter would sit in each House, but 
the document suggests that it 
would be preferable for the 
Lord Chancellor (“him or her”) 
to sit in the Commons. 

It is also proposed that 
provision of legal services to the 
Government is a separate 
function which should not be 
the concern of the Department 
of Justice. Many departments 
needed in-house lawyers and 
parliamentary counsel (who 
draft Bills) should be available 
to all departments on legal 

The appointment of judges is 
beyond the scope of the 
document but its authors say 
that they should be appointed 
neither by the Prime Mininster 
nor by the proposed Minister of 

Liberals to hold ‘summit’ 

Literal MPs. councillors, and 
prospective parliamentary 
candidates are to gather at a 
conference in Yorkshire later 
tills month to discuss the 
structure of a possible Alliance 
government and strategy after 
the next general election. 

The conference, to be ad- 
dressed by Mr David Steel, the 
Liberal Party leader, will be at 
Hebdm Bridge. West York- 
shire. tre headquarters of the 
Association of Liberal Council- 
ors. a principal activist power- 
base of the party. 

Literal leaders of the Alliance 
groups on councils where 
Literals hold a balance of. 

power will be taking a leading 
part in the conference. 

The discussion of structure, 
organization and style of an 
Alliance government will in- 
clude a review- of ministers, the 
role of lhe Civil Service and 
ways, in which the .Alliance 
could apply its ’'partnership'* 
approach to society- and the 
economy to the operations of 

MPs will be drawing on the 
experience of councillors in 
negotiating with other parties in 
situations where they find 
themselves holding the balance 
of power. 

Watson shares lead 
after chess victory 

By Harry Golombek 
Chess Correspondent 

William Watson, aged 23, an 
English international master, 
won in energetic style against 
Pia Cramling in the 
round of the Hastings Premier 
chess tournament on Wednes- 
day and came out with three 
points to give him a share of the 

In the fifth round, Greenfeld 
Hjartarson, Petursson, and 
Watson are all adjourned with 
three points while Michalchisin 
won against Formanek to finish 
the round with three points. 
Fedorowicz adjourned against 
Watson, after 41 moves, and 
seems to be winning. Conquest 
and Hjartarson are adjourned 
with Hjartarson a pawn up. 


W Watson. 

Black P 

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Round OH** adjourned raoult: M PtivnMO 

Wo ami lour nouns: J BaBun (HI 1. S 
Oiumwt • W a Of QrrmteM. 41; J 
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Volga GamML 42: W warn M I. P 

OD o. aanM. an. a 

[ p o. op Symmetrical 
Mknadchutn <1® W. V 
■> Ktno’a moan., **’• J 


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RuUtvtn* JpuBS& STi 

20: F Braga -CD 
Sicilian. SI. 

Round tnw games: M Reiumon tSK J Mon 
flit). Quran* OboiUC accented afU 4 Ss J 
PUsKMt 41(0. F Braga GO. Huy Lopez, adl 
40: Y Balashov «2X J Ridcavtaa (2J. Huh op's 
i 4SSE Formanek. <OT O. 
1(2) 1. GruuMd *1: P 

CM. A Greenfeld (5). EnoUefi opening. 

ao: J Fedorowicz GU. W wmn i3L Band, 
ms «1: 8 Canaued C2HL J HBaKarean CD. 
Benool . tO 40. 

Newsreaders Jan Leeming (left) and Moira Stuart, who are 
a Saturday weekly news review programme on 
BBC2 to be called NewsView. The programme, which starts 
tomorrow, combines news and sport coverage with the News 
Review, previously sees on Sundays. 

Fan jailed 
for punching 

A soccer hooligan who 
punched a policeman uncon- 
scious during the Peterborough 
Northamton match last October 
was yesterday jailed for three 
years by Peterborough Crown 

Banry Fox, aged 22, of 
Bluebell Avenue. Peterborough, 
admitted, causing grevious 
bodily harm but denied know- 
ing that Special Constable Peter 
Robinson, who was in uniform, 
was a policeman until- after the 
punch was thrown. 

No-smoking day 
on March 12 

Smokers who give up the 
habit during the. National No- 
Smoking Day campaign on 
March 12 will save at least 
2,000 years of human life, 
according to a survey by the 
Health Education Council of 
the previous two anti-smoking 

Mr Donald Reid, campaign 
chairman, said at the launch in 
London yesterday that 100,000 
smokers, including more young 
men and women aged under 30, 
would die this year from 
smoking-related diseases in 
Britain. Of those deaths, 77,000 
would be directly attributable to 
smoking, he added. ~ 

Hillwalkers safe 

Searchers and RAF moun- 
tain rescue teams, who defied 
gale-force winds and sub-zero 
temperatures, called off their 
hunt last night after Mr Robot 
Hughes, in his fifties and his 
daughter Gillian, aged 10, 
waited down safely from the 
snow-bound 3,000ft Cameddau 
range in Snowdonia. - . 

The two had set off on a New 
Year’s Day hill-walking trip. 


v v. ; 

The Times overseas selling prices 

Ao$jUSeB»: Bcm upi B fry 
S2.7IC. Canuus Fes 200: Cyprus TD| 


Thatcher in exchange of letters over Westland proposals 

The following is the text of a 
:c::er from Sir John Cuckney. 
chairman of Westland, to Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher. 

Dear Prime Minister. 

tr. view of the response you 
mis to a question in the 
House of Commons on the 19th 
December that major procure- 
ment decisions arc a matter for 
tbs Government us a whole, it 
would great!; help my Board lo 
l,r.o» :f Westland would r.o 
•or-cr te considered a Euro- 
pean company by foe Govern - 
rac.-r: li a minority shareholding 

pcan helicopter collaborative 

Yours sincerely. 

John Cuckney 
Mrs Thatcher's reply, dated 
January l . was as follows: 

Dear Sir John. 

It has naturaiiy been the 
Government's concern that a 
British helicopter design, devel- 
opment ar.d manufacturing 
capability should if possible te 
maintained, despite tire present 
difficulties of vour companv. I 
understand that both the pro- 
polis Westland now have 

ground, the government would 
wish to sec Westland play a full 
part in existing and future 
European collaborative pro-' 
.jecis. Some of these are stiR at a 
xerv early stage and all of them 
require the agreement of the 
companies and governments — 
including HMG - concerned. In 
this connection you should be 
aware of indications from 

the Government would con- 
tinue to support Westland's 
wish to participate in these 
projects and would resist to the 
best of its ability attempts by 
others to discriminate against 

I have not dealt with the 
question of the possible conse- 
quences for Westland's present 
relationship with Sikorsky of a 

iPT e S mo, “ ‘ an , d decision io accept thelEuropean 
companies that they currently consortium's proposals. You 


. . . .. . ... _ _ . more neutral estimate that the . ...... , . ^ ... 

uouid os as snght as possible. It ^ same role lo the Depart- registered unemployment total i 3 ihareholdmg under consideration arc in- 

deiinsd a broad range of areas mC nt of Employment. Imercs- v;ou m have been reduced ir- co ! V-- ^mpaay were held by a tended to achieve that objec- 

«hirh n m * ,v,„ cn nf-n ' mamr international group from »«■*« -« 

morclhai.50.GM ! a Na:o won? Eirapc. 

** ■ Tius question is of tunda- 
mcr.ial importance in view of 
the statement in a letter from 
the Procurement Executive, 

Ministry of Defence, to Lloyds 
Merchant Bank dated 24th 

:n which it intended to reduce tinglv. most businesses were not 
the “administrative and legisla- particularly crilicial of burcauc- 
iive” regulations on enterprise. ra cy as a factor inhibiting their 
Many of those, such as health expansion. They were more 
and safety, fire precautions and concerned about problems in 
planning permission, are con- raising finance. 

traversal. Others such as valued 
added tax would require con- 
certed EEC action. 

But all the measures are 
intended to remove burdens 
which ministers see as inhibit- 
ing the start and expansion of 

Ministers remain unwavering 
in their commitment to deregu- 
lation. The measures outlined 
in fast year's White Paper and 
those that will be included in 
v-,,., __j This jfBlrt may or may net fee 

” m d “ irabl = *™selv« but the 

The conviction or luiu 

essential to job creation stems 
partly from the belief that the 
American labour market has 
shown much greater flexibility 

impact on 

unemployment is 

Tomorrow: Where are the new 
jobs going to c ease from? 

December that only by joining 
:'r.r <c called European consor- 
tium would Wcstlcr.d be in a 
position to take responsibility 
:?r the British share of Euro- 

tive. As long as Westland 
continues to cany on business 
in the L’R. lhe government will 
of course continue to regard it 
as a British and therefore 
European company, and will 
support it -is pursuing British 
interests in Europe. 

Government policy . will 
remain that the United King- 
dom should procure its helicop- 
ters from the most cost-effective 
source. Against this back- 

take the review that a number 
of projects in which . Westland 
arc expecting to participate in 
cooperation with other Euro- 
pean companies may be tost to 
Westland if the United Techno- 
logies/ Fiat proposals are accept- 

CkL . 

. It is &r you to assess' the 
significance of these indi- 
cations. But of course British 

participation is itself an import- 26 December. 

will no doubt have made your 
o “tt assessment of these. 

Yours sincerely 

Matsam Thatcher. 

The following is the text of a 
letter dated December 30, 1985i 
from the Prime Minister to Mr 
John Smith* labour spokesman 
on trade and imhistry. 

Dr Mr Smith, 

Thank you for .your letter of 

ant element In the viability of 
European collaborative ‘ pro^ 
jects. And 1 can assure you ih?t , 
whichever of the two proposals 
OTremly under consideration 
the company choose to accept. 

highly complex, international 
and competitive. Westland 
itself as a private - sartor 
company is in the best position 
to judge how to improve its 
prospects in that market. That 
is why the Government's policy 
stated by lhe Secretary of Slate 
for Trade and Industry in the- 
House on 16 December and 
reaffirmed by myself on 17 and 
19 December has been that the 
company must determine its 
own future. 

The Board of Westland have 
given - their view that the 
company's future lies in associ- 
ation with a substantial inter- 
national business. The Govern- 
ment's concern is that they 
should be allowed a genuine 
choice. Proposals from two 
separate -international groups 
have been put to Westland and 
are under consideration by th? 
company. It will be for tire 
shareholders in Westland 10 
decide which of these ^ proposals. 

JS; • 



■ Nv 


»V i - 

. it w. I 





■ do not agree : that the 
national interest , would be 

serv ®d by the Government „„ 

acqmnm a sutetantia 1 holding to accept 
1I L?f V f c; ^ IaiuIcorD P an y- The Yours sincerely. 

market is . Margaret ThatCfatf 

• - f;'- 

•*c 2 sia-. . 

world helicopter 

« i ’- . 






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: T - W 

•c 3- c 

. * * 




Some hotels used by British 
lounsis in Italy. Greece. Portu- 
gal. -Spain and Yugoslavia are 
-positively unsafe'* and many 
fail far short of British safely 
standards, the Consumers' 
Association said yesterday. 

The association said it had 
also found enough safety haz- 
ards at a number of British 
centres which run children's 
activity holidays “to suggest 
that there are serious grounds, 
for concern". 

In its quarterly mazarine. 
Holiday Which ’ the association 
calls for properly enforced 
international safely standards. 
It also advises holidaymakers to 
take out substantial insurance 

Alter examining LOO hotels tin 
five countries^ inspectors re- 
ported that: 

• Lifts without internal dooTs 
were common, despite widely' 
publicized dangers. A British 
boy. aged two was badly injured 
after slipping and trapping his 
arm between the shaft wall and 
the moving lift. 

• Railings on stairs and 
balconies were often flimsy or 
had gaps large enough for a 
small child to get through. 
Many swimming . pools lacked 
life-saving equipment 

• Almost all the hotels lacked 
fire-safety provisions. 

The Consumer Association 
named two hotels it considered 
hazardous. The Hotel Quartei- 
rasol in Quart eira. Portugal, 
had many dangerously low 

. By Patricia Clough' * 

window sills inljedrooms; there ’ 
were loose wires arid sockets, a 
lift with only three sides, and - 
unmarked and poorly-lit steps 
in public areas. . .. . 

The: Hotel Jorge V,. in. 
Torremolirios.' Spain, had stair, 
handrails with' -21-inch gaps : 
bclween the bars’ and . no 
handrails at all on the landings. 
The ' bedroom balconies had 
horizontal.- i.e. dimbable - 
railings with, gaps of seven 
inches between them. ' _ ~ . 

Holiday Which? says tour 
operators should put pressure 
on hotels to improve standards 
and . should warn clients of 
potentially -serious'., hazards. 
Failure to ' do so should 
constitute negligence ~ ' 

■ Safety standards in 20 similar 
British hotels inspected at the 
same- time were much higher 
than the foreign hotels, but even 
they were .riot- completely 

hazard-free, the association 
said; . • 

■ “ In. the January edition of its 
.regular. Which? the association 
reported “unnecessary and 
avoidable”' safety hazards after 
inspect mg 12 .centres offering 
children's activity holidays and 
urged parents to personally 
check .on arrangements before- 

Examples included: 

• Arehcry practice in an open 
spoils .'field with nothing to 
prevent children going behind 
the target; 

.• Laige areas of exposed, non- 
toughened glass where children 
.could crash through. 

■ B’Atc/r? called onihe Govern- 
ment urgently to consider 
guidelines on how-such holidays 
should be run. and called for a 
formal system of registration 
and inspection.: 

Heathrow’s high-style food 

Airport food has got. better 
but many meals end up second- 
rate . a nd expensive because 
restaurant staff may be tr ying 
too bard, according to a report 
today in Holiday Which?, the 
Consumer Association maga- 

Caterers at airports should 
give more emphasis to provid- 
ing meals and snacks which 
could be done well arid cheaply, 
the magazine said. 

..Terminal 2 at Heathrow was 
rated as the most pleasant to 
eat. with top marks to the Ion 
Place at Terminal 1. Gatwick 
showed the most difficulty in 
coping- with- the numbers of 
passengers, Manchester air- 
portfood varied more than the 

other airports, with top marks 
to the Lancaster Room and 
worst marks to the Market 

Aids threat to nervous system 

serious than previously pre- 
dicted because of evidence that 
the virus might infect brain 
tissue and damage the central 
nervous system. 

•o King-: 
reh 1! 

- By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The Aids threat may be more system of some Aids patients, “plainly been written- to scare 

More worrying is the feet the 
virus has been found hi the 
tissue of people without overt 

It is not yet known with what 
Between 100.000 and one frequency HTLV-m reaches the 
million people in the United brain- of those who have been 
Slates may develop Aids-related infected with the virus, 
brain conditions in the next IS -In an editorial. Nature said: 
years, two US scientists said m, “There is a. danger that Aids 
a letter to the. British journal., infection may be hidden in the 
Nature, published yesterday. brains of human beings much as 
The scientists said the slow the herpes simplex virus (which 
progressive nature of the con- causes cold sores) may linger 
ditions should motivate poli- dormantly in -the peripheral 
ticians, health workers and nervous system, bursting out 
scientists to establish “a unified only from time to lime, 
plan for Aids prevention on “There is a possibility that 
local, national and international HTLVrlH will lodge in infected 
scales.” people’s. brains, serving both as 

Their letter comes after a cause of direct neurological „ 

growing recognition ■ among damage and as a- reservoir for- mg Aids should consist of only 
scientists that ' the acquired the infection of others. ' two components - some means 
immune deficiency syndrome “Plainly there is an urgent 
virus, known as HTLV-ni, need that this possibility should 
may infect brain tissue, promo- be explored, not least, because 
tingthe formation of antibodies the virus in the brain may be 
in the cerebrospinal fluid. • less accessible to drugs. Plainly 
The virus maybe directly that will taketune.?’ ; 
responsible for some of the In - the .letter, which the 
damage done to the nervous 'journal describes as having 

the authors, a pathologist and a 
physician, said the implications 
for the US economy, its health 
care system and the “emotional 
state of society” were unpre- 

The authors, Dr Cedi Fox 
and Dr M. Cottier-Fox. of 
Silver Spring, Maryland, said 
that even, if their estimates of 
Aids-related neurological dis- 
ease are m error by one or more 
orders of magnitude, “the 
tragedy is still shocking". 

Nature commented: “The 
recognition that there are 
probably neurological conse- 
quences of infection by HTLV- 
III makes a serious problem of 
public health still worse" 

It said a. strategy for conlain- 

of slowing down the spread of 
infection, and some means of 
preventing infection of those at 

“The benefits will emerge 
only slowly and the prospects 
for prophylaxis and cure are still 
distant”, the journal said. 

Miranda Worsley of Sotheby's showing 
exhibits from the Rule Britannia marine 
exhibition in aid of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution which opened yesterday 
at its New Bond Street, London, premises 
and runs until January 29. The exhibits 
have been borrowed from various museums, 
galleries and private collections to depict 
the near 400 years from the Armada of 1588 
to the Falklands conflict of 1982. 

They include (above) a marble bust of 
Nelson, his Order of the Bath and a 
painting by Clarkson Stanfield, RA, of 
HMS Victory being towed into harbour at 
Gibralter with the body of Nelson on board 
a week after the Battle of Trafalgar. There 
is no admission charge but visitors are 
asked to make a donation to the RNLI 

(Photograph: Suresh Karadia). 

Computer rivals to launch models 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

The principal home and 
personal computer manufac- 
turers in Briiain are preparing 
to launch new models in . the 
next month or two in an effort 
to maintain their position in a 
competitive market. 

Apple. Acom/BBC and Sony 
will be among the first Am- 
sirad, IBM and Sinclair are all 
expected to follow with new 

Apple, Sony, IBM and Am- 
sirad are making a assault on 
the business market although 
the advanced home computer 
user is expected to be attracted 

to the new machines. IBM still 
has a commanding position in 
the personal computer market 
and liny of the- machines now 
launched by competitors are 
compatible with IBM and its 
software^computer program s). 

Amstrad had success last year 
with its personal computer, 
with the. terminal, computer 
and printer sold for £399. It has 
sold more, than 200,000 since 
the- computer was launched in 
August. Amstrad will seek this 
year to improve its market 

Sinclair -is. expected to 

bring out a machine later in the 
year. The industry expects it to 
be an enhanced version of the 
Quantum Lap (QL) microcom- 
puter. Those are being sold by 
high-street retailers but were 
originally intended for business- 

Tbe new BBC microcom- 
puter will have substantial 
impact on the home educational 
market. The machine, again the 
product of Acorn is the 
successor to the BBC “B" 
Microcomputer, which has a 
dominant position in British 

is X-rayed 

By Colin Hughes 

A 1 .900-year-old mummy of 
an Egyptian baby is up for sale 
at £6,500 after Its owner had it 
X-rayed at a private clinic. 

Mr Michael Forman, a 
central London antiques dealer, 
took advantage of the holiday 
lull at the Private Patients Plan 
Clinic in New Cavendish Street 
to learn more about the 14- 
inch-long bundle. 

Mrs Ray Badger, senior 
radiographer, said the task 
presented no problems. She 
produced pictures disclosing 
under the mummy's bandaging 
and case decorated with Egyp- 
tian symbols and the picture of 
a child's face, a small amulet 
probably of gold leaf on the 
baby's chest. 

Mr Forman said: “I wanted 
to do the X-rays because we 
know ^o little about its origin, 
beyond its being 1st century’ 
AD. It’s a beautiful work of art 
in excellent- condition, but it 
-would be nice to know whether 
it’s a boy or a girl-'* 

Beef prices steady 
as supplies decline 

By Hugh Clayton 

There will be less British beef 
this year but no steep price 
rises, the Irish Livestock & 
Meal Board predicted yester- 
day. The board, an official body 
promoting beef and lamb 
exports from the Republic of 
Ireland, said that beef output in 
1986 would drop much faster in 
Britain then in the rest of the 

But the board said in its 
annual review that it did not 
expect any shortages because of 
"a continuing underlying weak- 
ness in beef demand". One 
reason was that ample supplies 
of pork at moderate prices were 
making beef look expensive. 

Another could be that “diet- 
ary and healtb considerations 
may be adversely affecting beef 
demand in particular’’. In any 
case the board did not expect 
any big changes in meat 
consumption in the new year 
because demand seemed to be 
near saturation level. 

That meant that even if 
prices dropped sharply people 
would not buy much more 
mat. The board expected beef 

output in Briiain to drop by 
about 6 per cent. 

The review showed that cattle 
fanners in the republic de- 
pended less than in recent years 
on Britain as an export market. 
Although cattle exports to the 
United Kingdom as a whole 
have risen, only a small 
minority of sales are now made 
to the mainland. Last year more 
than nine tenths of British 
purchases of the republic’s 
caiilc were in Northern Ireland. 

Although beef exports from 
the republic have risen, the 
amount sold to the United 
Kingdom has fallen. The repub- 
lic ■ has increased its sales to 
countries outside Europe, in- 
cluding Libya. 

Beef and veal consumption 
(kg per head per year) 


























Source: Eurostat (EEC average indurtea 


Churchill obsessed with influx of non-whites’ 

In (he second part of a survey of the Cabinet doenments for 
1955 released under the 30-year ruIe, DAVID WALKER 
finds the Governments of Winston Churchill arid Anthony 
Eden preoccupied with non-white immigration and. refusing 
to join the nascent European Economic Community ' 


The repatriation of thousands 
- of non-white immigrants was 
contemplated by Sir Anthony 
Eden’s Conservative Govem- 
mcni. According to a Cabinet 
^■minute dated 3 November, 
1955, it considered admitting 
immigrants to work “for a 
.period not exceeding five 
■> years”. They would then be sent 
; home. That scheme - “might 
-imeci the present need for 
labour with less prejudice to 
; -'long-term social conditions”. 

The Government evidently 
envisaged a scheme such-as the 
(jastarbeiter programme 

adopted by the West Germans 
to recruit Turkish workers for 
■ employment but not settlement. - 

Throughout 1955 the Con- 
servative Government was 
convinced that action had to be- 
taken to stem what papers 
.consistently refer to as the 
•“influx’' of non-whites, 
especially West Indians. Immi- 
gration from India and Pakistan 
was at that stage considerably 
Jess and considered to be a 
problem forlhe future. 

According to a file of 
Churchill's correspondence the 
ageing prime minister became 
obsessed with - the issue and 
■pressed the Home Sea-elan', 
.Gwilym Lloyd George, for 
''reports. '. 

• In a lengthy note, Lloyd 
"George reported to the Cabinet 
j'lhai Britain had approximately 
. 50.000 coloured dozens who 
were for the most part lav^-abid-r 
ing. though there is evidence 
.that coloured, men pl ay a_ large 
part in the illicit- traffic in 
Indian hemp”. They were not 
thought to be making “undue 
demands” on National Assist- 

ance, the predeccessor of Sup- 
plementary Benefit. The prob- 
termwas mainly housing; . 

He concluded: “It is ques-; 
tionable whether race relations 
would not deteriorate if there 
were a significant, increase in 
the.coioured population.” 

. One voice in the Cabinet - 
probably belonging to Lord 
Salisbury, Lord President of the 
Council and a, Tory grandee - 
feared "far. the dilution of 
Britain's ethnic, heritara. The 
Cabinet minute says “if immi- 
gration from the Colonies and, 
for that matter, from India and 
Pakistan, were allowed to 
continue unchecked there was a 
real Hang rr that over the years 
there would be a significant 
•change in the racial character of 
the English people”. _ ... 

But the Cabinet could not 
agree on what to do. Alan 
Lennax-Boyd, the then Colonial 
Secretary, was adamant that 
immigration controls restricted 
to the inhabitants ' of British 
coloniesm the'West Indies and 
Black Africa woujd be seen as 
racially discriminatory : and 
could -jeopardize, relations 
within the Commonwealth. . 

. Lord Home (later prime 
minister as~ Sir Alec Dougjas- 
Home) was Commonwealth 
Relations Secretary. He feared 
that discrimination would not 
go far enough. “We do not wish 
to keep out immigrants of good 
type from the ‘old' Dcjruimons”, 
he ts reported as saying. 

The Government was wor- 
ried that legislation 'to control 
.Colonial immigration might not 
:Bc passed by.. Tory .MPs. who 
had shown substantial 7 oppo; 
sitiori- to • private members' 

A young Jamaican arriving in London in 1948 among a 
party of 500 seeking work in Britain. By 1955 the Cabinet 
was discussing repatriation. 

Admiral Docnitz from Spandau 
prison - he was a convicted war 
criminal. The Cabinet resolved 
he should serve a full term since 
he was “fit and active and an 
unrepentant nationalist” ac- 
cording to Selwyn Lloyd, the 
then Foreign Secretary. 

Relations with the Americans 
were, meanwhile, far from 
trouble-free. At one point tbc 
Chiefs of Staff complained that 
there was very little by way of 
co-operation between the two 
countries at their levcL “The 
United Slates appeared to be 
more interested in the security 
aspects than in passing infor- 
mation” on atomic weapons. 

One . reason for that mi^ht 
have been the continuing 
“reverberations of the dis- 
appearance in 195! of the spies 
Guy .Burgess and Donald 

legislation on the subject. Sir 
Anthony Eden eventually 
pushed discussion of the subject 
to a Cabinet committee chaired 
by Lord Kilmuir. the Lord 

Despite the immigration 
issue, the Cabinet . believed 
Britain's destiny lay with what 
Churchill still called the Empire 
rather than Europe. Reporting 
on - the -results of the Messina 
conference of the original 
members of .the European 
Economic Community, R. A. 
Butler, Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, said it was “not for 
us”. The Cabinet disliked the 
idea of a discriminatory trade 
bloc in Europe. . . 

There were other suspicions, 
too. The Germans had been 
pressing- for the early release of 

Maclean. During 1955 it 
emerged that they were in 
Moscow and the Cabinet 
pondered whether to set up a 
committee of inquiry into the 
affair. Mr Harold Macmillan, 
then Foreign Secretary, pro- 
duced a memorandum arguing 
for an inquiry with a tightly 
defined agenda. He cited a 
hoary principle of Albert and 
the Lion: “Sum one 'ad to be 
summoned, so that was decided 

The present Lord Stockton 
peppered his Cabinet colleagues 
with wiuy and sharp memos on 
a series of issues often outside 
his ministerial brief.’ The Cabi- 
net files contain one entitled 
“Dizzy with Success”, a mixture 
of harangue that Britain had not 
vet accustomed itself to the 
post-war world of growth and 
affluence, and concrete _ pre- 
scriptions for curbing inflation. 

When Minister for Housing 
in 1953, Mr Macmillan had 
urged high levels of public 
spending on housing. Now-, 
however, he wanted housing 
subsidies cut 

The year 1955 was a classic 
example of the stop-so econ- 
omic policy where chancellors 
in the i950s and 1960s 
attempted alternately to push 
and pull the economy by means 
of adjustments to the bank rate 
credit restrictions, but rarely 
engaged in a fundamental 
review of the scale of public 

The president of the Board of 
Trade. Mr Peter Thomeycroft 
(now a peer) came up with the 
then, heretical idea that to cut 
pressure for wage increases 
there should’ be an increase in 
unemployment. Daringly he 
suggested joblessness should be 
allowed to increase from just 
under 1 per cent to somewhere 
between 2 and 3 per cent 

Tomorrow: Secret ballots and 
assessing the Argentine army 
Leading article, page 9 

Betting on 
coal before 
St Leger 

Churchill's Cabinet of 1955 
never failed in its sense of 
priorities. An item in the spring 
was to settle the date of the St 
Leger race meeting. Tradition- 
ally the race, at Doncaster, was 
held on a Wednesday, and 
attracted miners from the 
surrounding Yorkshire coal- 
field. If there was a significant 
drop in coal production that 
week, the Cabinet decided, the 
senior steward of the Jockey 
Club was to be approached and 
the St Leger transferred to a 

In the last months of his 
premiership. Churchill's health 
was evidently failing. The 
Public Record Office contains 
a file full of prospectuses from 
hearing aid companies and 
papers from technicians, all 
try ing to tackle the difficulty of 
the Prime Minister's hearing. 

.Amplifiers were filled in 
walls at No 10 and in the Map 
Room al the Ministry' of 
Defence, where he spent much 
time: the loudspeaker behind 
his scat in the House of 
Commons was given extra 
volume. He was offered a 
“lorgeue-iype” hearing aid and 
one that fitted into a fountain 

Churchill's curiosity con- 
tinued unabated. One file is 
devoted to his request for 
information about “flying 
saucers”. “What's the truth, let 
me have a report,” be wrote, 
liie Air Ministry replied that 
an intelligence study had been 
carried out on flying saucers in 
1951 and officially they did not 

Share of household 
spending on food 
down to 20% 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Spending on food has 
dropped to a fifth of total 
household expenditure, com- 
pared with nearly a third 20 
years ago. Instead, families 
spend proportionately more on 
housing and transport, accord- 
ing -to the annual Family 
Expenditure Survey. 

That is due. not' to a drop in 
food consumption but because, 
for most people, steady growth 
in real incomes has released 
cash for spending on other 

The results of the survey, 
based on a sample of 7.0$ 1 
households in the United 
Kingdom, shows that the 
average household spent 
£151.92 a week in 1984, of 
which £31.43 was on food. 

The survey, used to help to 
calculate the retail prices index, 
records that weekly spending on 
housing was £27.41, and on 
transport and vehicles. £22.77. 

The most significant change 
in the spending pattern of the 
average household is a decline 
from about 30 per cent 20 years 
ago to 20.69 per cent in 1 984 in 
the share of spending taken up 
by food. 

Housing accounted for 1 1 per 
cem of spending in the mid- 
1960s. but by 1984 that had 
increased to 15.8 per cent. 
Similarly for transport and 
vehicles, up from 11.5 per cent 
to 1 5 per cent. 

The proportion spent on fuel, 
light and power, 6.2 per cent in 
1984. has remained steady, 
while the share of spending 
taken up by alcohol and tobacco 
has slipped from 10 to 7.6 per 

As might be expected, the 
proportion of spending taken up 
with necessities varies accord- 
ing to income. 

Low income pensioner 
households allocate more than 
30 per cem of their spending to 
food, and 16 per cent to fuel, 
light and power. 

That contrasts with the 
richest 20 per cent of house- 
holds, where only 17 per cent of 
expenditure is on food and 4 
per cent on fuel, light and 

There are also big spending 
differences according to 
whether the head of the 
household is employed. The 
survey shows that average 
spending where the bead is 
unemployed was £131.92 in 
! 984. two-thirds of the level for 
corresponding households with 
the head in work. 

The unemployed maintain, 
or even increase spending on 
tobacco and fuel, relative to the 
employed. However, the rela- 
tive spending of households 

with unemployed heads on 
services, durable household 
goods, clothing and footwear, 
was down sharply- 

Less than half of low income 
pensioners have central heating, 
compared with nearly SO per 
cem for families of two adults 
and two children. 

Overall. 66 per cent of 
households in the sample had 
central heating. 61 per cent had 
one or more cars. 82 per cent 
washing machines. 97 per cent 
refrigerators, with the same 
proportion having television 
sets, and 78 percent telephones. 
Family Expenditure Survey 1984 
(Stationery Office: £1 5). 

schools in 
high demand 

By Lucy Hodges 

Education Correspondent 

The teachers’ pay dispute, 
now in its eleventh month, is 
boosting interest in the private 
sector as more and more 
parents choose independent 

Inquiries made by The Times 
Educational Supplement, pub- 
lished today, show that in 
certain areas of the country, 
especially London, applications 
to . independent day schools 
have increased by 20 per cem at 
the expenses of local state 
schools. The rise in applicants 
has come well before the 
normal dosing date for entrance 

The Independent Schools 
Information Service said yester- 
day that it had no information 
to suggest that there was a 
boom, but it had asked the 
heads of its 1,400 member 
schools not to publicise in- 
creases in applications during 
such a sensitive time for state 

Most heads while reluctant to 
be quoted about the increase in 
applications, remark privately 
that industrial disruption in 
state schools is an important 
factor. Another is parents: 
dissatisfaction with local state 
schooling. The general com- 
plaint is that children aged 
seven and over are not being 

The TES quotes a large boys’ 
day school in west London as 
receiving six inquiries a week 
from desperate parents of O- 
icvel candidates, begging for a 
place. A girls' day school near 
by reported seven inquiries in 
10 days from parents with 
daughters at comprehensive^. 
Both independent schools were 

Many of London's indepen- 
dent day schools are bursting at 
the seams, in spite of fees of 
£500 to £850 a term. Emmanuel 
School in south London man- 
aged to squeeze in an extra 100 
boys last autumn: it will not be 
able to do so this year. 

Applications to London's 
preparatory and pre-preparatory 
schools arc also booming, 
particularly in the more exclus- 
ive areas. James Allen's girls 
school in south-east London 
reports an “absolutely amazing 
increase" in applications to the 
junior school. For those aged 
seven and over there arc likely 
to be nine candidates for every 
place this year. 

Dulwich College preparatory 
school has no places left at all 
for next autumn, and the junior 
department of South Hamp- 
stead Giris High School has 
already closed its list for 1 988. 

Outside London, the TES 
found a boom in independent 
school applications in Birming- 
ham and Leicester. The inde- 
pendent grammar school started 
in Leicester five years ago has 
grown from 90 to 450, and 
demand is still rising. 

Concern for 
health of 
protest wife 

By Richard Dowden 

Mrs Jill Blonski. who has 
gone on hunger strike to try to 
persuade the Soviet authorities 
to allow her Russian husband to 
join her in Britain, has been 
told by her family doctor that 
her health will be damaged if 
she continues to starve. 

Dr William Tcllam, who has 
known her for more than five 
years, said he had examined 
Mrs Blonski. who had gastric 
ulcers, and was worried by her 
decision to go on hunger strike. 

Mrs Blonski, aged 33. of 
Newquay. Cornwall, said yes- 
terday she was in her sixteenth 
day of hunger strike and was 
determined to go on. She is 
taking tea and coffee but no 
protein foods. 

Knife ordeal of 
royal coiffeur 

Two masked burglars threat- 
ened to chop the fingers off the 
Princess of Wales's hairdresser 
in a New Year's Eve attack, it 
was disclosed yesterday. They 
burst into Richard Dalton's flat 
in Kensington, west London, 
and held a knife to his throat, 
demanding money. 

When they saw he was 
wearing gold rings they threat- 
ened to cut off his fingers to get 
them. Mr Dalton, aged 35. 
became the Princess's hair- 
dresser last year. 

Sunday booking 

The Thomas Cook chain of 
travel agents will open 300 of its 
shops on Sundays throughout 
this month to take summci 
holiday bookings, because of 
the tour operators price war 
which has led to some com- 
panies so far selling three times 
as many holidays as they did 
last year. 

Life saver 

Lifeboats were called ou: 
more than 3,000 times in 1985, 
at least eight times a day, and a 
total of 1.373 lives were saved, 
an average of more than three a 
day. according to provisional 
figures issued yesterday by the 
Royal National Lifeboat Insti- 

Gee still critical 

Dustin Gee, aged 43, the 
comedian and impressionist, 
was still critically ill yesterday 
after collapsing during a per- 
formance ol' Cinderella at 
Southport Theatre on Wednes- 
day. He suffered a heart attack. 

Lynott ‘serious’ 

Phil LynotL aged 35, the rock 
singer formerly with Thin 
Lizzy, was still seriously ill in 
Salisbury Infirmary yesterday, 
more than a week after collaps- 
ing with an infection of his 
kidneys and liver. 

Busy firemen 

London Fire Brigade received 
1 48.73? calls for help in 
1985. nearly 30,000 more than 
in I9S4, a spokesman said 

Armed troops with light 
tanks were patrolling Heathrow 
airport yesterday for the second 
consecutive day. 

The troops look up position 
early in the morning deploying 
Scorpion tanks, tracked ar- 
moured personnel carriers, and 
Land Rovers at Heathrow’s 
tunnel entrance. The vehicles 
also patrolled the airport’s 
perimeter road and central 
terminal area. 

Troops dressed in foil camou- 
flage uniform with flak jackets, 
light webbing equipment sub- 
machinc-guns and automatic 
rifles patrolled airport corridors 
The troops were also de- 
ployed in bushes, light foliage 
and underneath roadway flyov- 
ers. Others crouched in dark 
shadows underneath the flyover 
system at the airport's entrance, 
with marksmen in sniper 



Israeli troops search for 
Shia gang after border 
town hit by rocket attack 

From Ian Murray 

Jerusalem ESE/ gl 


Israeli iroops were last night KWBresL M ^ 
combing southern Lebanon for B f BUFFER J 

a gang which fired a Katyusha B I ZONE | 

rocket info the northern town of 
Kiryat Shmona early yesterday 'T'” 8 * 
morning. A splinter group of the »Tyre 
Amal Shia Muslim militia said . * ™ V{ y 3y’wLT 
it was responsible for the attack, ) 5 my ° s jffif f 
the first on the border town for A __ ^'Kityat I w 
more than four years. ■ : ;yA^\Stmana / ■* 

Only a few cars and a / > 

nuiidmg were damaged by the / I 5 RWEL I 

rocket and no one was injured. » 

but the fact that it succeeded in 

hitting the town brought mcm- Army" (SLA) in recent months 

: Shmona 

ones of the period before the to capture a number of groups 
Lebanese war in 19S2 when it with the rockets inside Leba- 

was a 



The SLA is reported to have 
— ““l been involved in heavy fighting 
Lebanon involving artillery and tank gun 
I buffer I exchanges near the Christian 

| zone { strongholds of Jezzine and 

Falous on Tuesday night and 
Wednesday morning. The SLA 
K a^so reported to have been 
a^Tyre \y-'^3^Cr shelling the outskirts of Sidon. 

j 5 mues %'. * 7 Early on Wednesday morning 

r I Israeli troops are reported to 

) § have enraged a group near the 
: :y^jf J g village of Shakru in the security 
j x— / J zone, killing one man and 

Li ISRAEL | capturing a Katyusha, together 

with a rifle and ammunition. 

Arrm" (SLA) in recent months ., A ^ rtl, °® . to a Jl°"| isn 
to capture a number of groups Minisuy spokesman yesterday, 
with the rockets inside Leba- the similar to that 

non. sometimes outside the so- 2" ^ C ® >r ? * pvas }pto 

•'**”•* 5 s *! 

called" “security zone" which “but you cannot draw from that 

Israel has created along its ‘V?. 

...... act as we did in 1952 . He said 

prevent this kind of attack that northern border. act as we aid in 1952 . He said 

it invaded Lebanon in 1982 in Qn Tuesday night at least Is™ 6 ! would ensure that its 

what is still officially known as three Katvushas 
“Operation Peace in Galilee”. Galilee naiihandli 

population in the north “lives 
nnT as far as possible without 

operation Peace in Galilee . Galilee panhandle of Israel not “ ™ 

Since n withdrew most of its f ar f r0 m the Kiryat Shmona, j^tyytoas. Ht^we aregomg to 
troops last June, there have and lhc SLA c ] aims there -ttas do this, we wiU deade. 
been a number of Katyusha hcen a sieadilv increasinE . Hc . M ■ ™ ere *?£ a lens * i 
attacks from Lebanon at irregu- number of attacks on its s,lua . t,on ,n toe n °rth because of i 
lar intervals but none until now positions in the past few da vs m,ss,les aJonMbe Syrian border 

hie Umf onH in I ^hannn inn haratieo nf 

has hit anything Out open porhaps to mark the 21st ana in Lroanon, ana oecause oi 
countryside. anniversary on Wednesday of an f?j cs fr ° m the n ° nh ’ 

Israeli security forces have the formation of the Palestinian - 10 53 •’ havc S - Tian 

helped the “South Lebanon Fatah group. baclang . 

and in Lebanon, and because of 

Bis rise in Lebanon deaths 

Beirut (Reuter) - More than Foreigners killed in Lebanon 
3.600 people died violently in included L'S navy diver Roberl 
Lebanon in 1985. the country's Sicihem. a passenger from a 
eleventh year of sectarian Trans World Airlines plane killed 37 Israellis and 88 Israeli 

clashes, political turmoil and hijacked from Athens to Beirut allies or their supporters in the 

foreign attacks. Security, hospi- on June 14. south, where Israel maintains a 

tal and political sources said the __ __ _ . “security zone” along ns 

death toll of 3.675 was ncariv 60 V vc observers mom- bo rder 

per cent up on the 1984 figure of tonng buffer zones between 

2 . 161 . rival Lcoanese militia died in Car bombs killed 3jj people. 

~ ' c separate incidents during the and 371 others died in clashes 

. *' orst . >’ ca . r - 50 year, and the body of Mr Denis between leftist militias and the 

198.. when Israel invaded. As Hi i. th kidnanned Rritkh Lebanese Army on Beirut's 

Foreigners killed in Lebanon parts of the country during the 
included US navy diver Robert year. 

They said Lebanese guerrillas 

have died that year, according £j ay •» j 
to unofficial estimates. * ~ 


A Soviet Embassy official 




overlooking the 
battles between 

Lebanese hoped a militia peace Mr Arlradv Ka.hov, one of four Svrian^ctedTeffiV, partesaad 

pact would end a decade of civtl Soviet ■ kld " Muslirn Sunni fundamentalists Palestinian organization advo- The Reagan Administration 

^."koX fa.SyliSH f?£2Sf r ,i2'^ erupted in the northern town of eating “the Christian revolution hopes to translate last Friday's 

casualty figure of 1985, with 98 found dead in Beirut two days 
killed. later. 


Of the 1985 total. 715 deaths 

mo acaa in Beirut two days Tripoli in September. IdUing 
cr - 581 people. Another 632 people 

The sources said that 393 d ! cd in clashes between Palesti- 

were unaccounted for or were people were killed in attacks by n ’ an and ?bia Muslim militra- 
ihe result of non-political the Israeli armed forces and men * n Bet™ 1 > n May, June and 
violent crime. their militia allies in various September. 

-• • ^ '■ • -- Bonner, aged 62, 

IE:? • : . mm. soviet dissident. Dr Amfrri 

•' ' v ~ : mB WmMm SKi m : I Sakharov,- may have to underm - 

. ■ - hean suriexy because thengj 

■■ hea jJP nis d ^ nt ^PpG»r to 

- ■ ' IBliMH said. ^ ■ &nfly 

•v Mrs Bonner suffered a w, 

. attack in April 1983. Two 

weeks ago doctors at Massachu- 
B setts General Hospital n» 

. her^ronary delermine 

'*"] ’111 Pa L*ter they said they did not 

; ■ P lan 10 operate and prescribed 

: medication. They also rcc- 

1 om mended she give - up 


' Mrs Bonner came to the US 

' : last month to have medical 

Bl treatment and to visit her 

P aM f r M daughter and mother, who live 

1 near Boston. She had a turn our 

-Mir - which proved to be benign’ 

removed from her lip. 

Indians who made asses of themselves during the new year celebrations, many in drunken brawls, are paraded by police Guyana deports 
through Delhi on donkeys, some of the offenders wearing signs warning others against bad behaviour. British pilCSt 

Paris bomb Pentagon lists Libyan targets sKSHsSs 
intreS for terror attack reprisals 

11X rxl wvll UUh From Christopher Thomas, -Washington He was arrested in Georgc- 

, ^ . ^ T . , , _ . town and put on a ffirin to 

From Diana Geddes The Pentagon has prepared a sanctions against Libya: How- and Abu Nidal, the renegrade London, but he left thenjahe 

Paris detailed list of principal targets ever Britain, West Germany, Palestinian terrorist widely during a stopover in Trmdad 

French counter-espionage in Libya that could be hit in Italy. France and Japan - the believed to have masterminded Roman Catholic Arehbishio 
agents are still holding three retaliation for terrorist attacks biggest exporters '.to Libya .- Friday's raids. Mgr Anthony PantiiL told 

men. two Portuguese and an supported by the regime of appear unwilling to take drcis- „, 1oh Wash ineton has reporters here. - 

Egytian. who were arrested as Colonel Gadaffi. ive action against Cdtood • AUh^ Wapmg^ m 

tfcev were about to plant a bomb The contingency plan was Gadaffi. particularly in view of in , T^I1 J 

in ihe Jewish synagogue in the drawn up on the orders of the strong Libyan denials of ^ sav there is XOll OH UTlVCrS 

Rue Copeenic. in the fashion- White House. Although officials involvement in the raids and , RjNlW i ^ _ 

able 16th jrrondisssement of insist no operations against the lack of hard evidence -of Abu .nfSiKS.rt 

Paris. Libya are contemplated, the complicity. - ™«5 era Now^ian port of ten 

The men, caught red- handed move demonstrates mounting Even so. Administration me-hT chai ^ n ® a 

with bomb-making material US alarm at Colonel Gadafli’s officials insist they detect signs than C r^r m0 ^ )nsls into 

and maps in their hotel room support for terrorist organiza- that West European countries yc^. -P of them m l»s the city and mumapaT auth- 

here on Sunday nighL claim to tions. The Provisional IRA is may at last be reviewing their i* ear - onties^d the levy was the first 

have been paid 100.000 pesetas among groups known to have policies. _ ■ “The likelihood of Libyan of its kma in west Europe 

about £450) by a mysterious benefited from Libyan training. In encouraging a more hostile financing, sale haven and -»•*••• » xj. - 

PaJesiinian organization advo- The Reagan Administration international climate towards logistical assistance should be Mfl rCfiBU DCttCF 
rating “the Christian revolution hopes to translate last Friday's Libya, the US is attempting to - ver y helpful to his future • 

againstthe Jewish enemy”. terrorist atrocities in Rome and demonstrate an intimate and international terrorist oper- Paris (Reuter) - The French 

_ Vienna into a concerted inter- increasingly dangerous relation- ations,” it said- in a special mime. Marcel Marceau, aged 

national campaign of economic ship between Colonel Gadaffi report on his group. 62, left hospital three weeks 

Paris bomb Pentagon 
link sought f or fg|-|- 
mArgentina Fr0I 

From Diana Geddes The Pentagon has prepared a 

Paris detailed list of principal targets 

French counter-espionage in Libya that could be hit in 
agents are still holding three retaliation for terrorist attacks 
men. two Portuguese and an supported by the regime of 
Egytian. who were arrested as Colonel Gadaffi. 
they were about to plant a bomb The contingency plan was 
in ihe Jewish synagogue in the drawn up on the orders of the 
Rue Copeenic, ’in the fashion- White House. Although officials 
able 16th jrrondisssement of insist no operations against 
Paris. Libya are contemplated, the 

Pentagon lists Libyan targets 
for terror attack reprisals 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

Mgr Anthony 
reporters here. 

Pan tin; • told 

|wjih bomb-making material US alarm at Colonel Gadaffi's 
'and maps in their hotel room support for terrorist organiza- 
here on Sunday nighL claim to lions. The Provisional IRA is 
have been paid i 00.000 pesetas among groups known to have 
'about £450) by a mysterious benefited from Libyan trainings 

Toll on drivers 

Bergen (Reuter) - The west- 
ern Norwegian port of Bergen 
began charging a toD of about 
40p on motorists driving' into 
the city and municipal hath- 
orities said the levy was the first 
of its kind In West Europe. 

Jail siege 
cells crisis 

Hu shows the flag in 
occupied islands 

From T revor Fishiock 
New York 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

Mr Hu Yaobang. the Chinese 
Communist Party's General 

„„s* „„ i:i.„ Secretary , made a new year visit 

dot's °and ,U »his tr ^i!fi5n^ S 10 1,10 Pco P Ic ’ s Liberation Armv 
a ViJSS garrison on the Paracel Islands. 

sparking more rumours that he 

Inside * the West Virginia Com'nSo^n flsT’ 
penitentiary yesterday abont ^arMr Hu^sited armv 

200 men. some armed with 
home-made knives, kept 16 
people hostage. They de- 
manded to meet the state 
governor to discuss grievances. 

The governor retorted that 
he would not talk until the 
hostages were released. Police 
in riot gear made plans to “take 
back the institution”. 

The trouble highlights the 
crisis in many US prisons. A 
record number of Americans 
are behind bars because of the 
public demand both for longer 
sentences and for more crimes 
to be punished with jail terms. 
The result is that many prisons 
are chronically overcrowded 
The crowded conditions in 
the West Virginia jail were 
declared unconstitutional by a 
judge in 1983. He ordered 
improvements, but because 
nothing has been done the 
prisoners are suing the autfa- 


0 - 


South China 
Sea • j 




200 inflea - 

battalions stationed along the 
border with Vietnam and 
retraced part of the PLA’s 
historic Long March routs in 
central China. 

The Paracel Islands - which 
the Chinese call XLsha - were 
captured by China in January. 
1 974. when they were still under 
South Vietnam. After armed 
conflict broke out between 
China and Vietnam in 1979. 
over Hanoi's occupation of 
Cambodia, the Vietnamese 
have linked a withdrawal of 
troops from Cambodia to 
Chinese withdrawal from the 

In his new year message to 
the Paracels garrison, Mr Hu 
reiterated that China would 

2 gainst! he Jewish enemy”. 

Hijacker’s trial to 
open next week 

A Maltese magistrates' court 
will begin to hear evidence on 
Monday in the case brought by 
the police against Omar 
Muhammad .Mi Kezaq, the 
only survivor of the group who 
hijacked an Egyptian airliner 
to Malta last November (Aus- 
tin Saramut writes). The trail 
will be held at Fort St Elmo, a 
former British garrison in 
Valletta, currently occupied by 
the Maltese armed forces, for 
security reasons. 

terrorist atrocities in Rome and 
Vienna into a concerted inter- 
national campaign of economic 

Gunmen briefed at the Hilton 

Vienna (Reuter) - Three 
Palestinian gunmen who 
attacked the Vienna inter- 
national airport last Friday were 
given their final instructions by 
a fourth man over breakfast in 
the city's Hilton Hotel an 
Interior Ministry spokesman 
said yesterday. 

He said the fourth man. who 
has disappeared, ordered the the 
gunmen to take Israeli hostages, 
force their way onto a waiting 

who were arrested in their agreed 
Athens hotels on Monday as matioh 
terrorist suspects (Mario officials 
Modi ana writes). Athens 

A government spokesman The 

i their agreed to exchange infor- 
day as matiota”. At least three PLO 
(Mario officials have been murdered in 
Athens since 1981. 

cesman The government spokesman 

said the Arabs 'had been also denied that Greece had 
questioned at Athens police decided to bar Palestinians 
headquarters, but no incrimi- from: ' entering this country, 
nating evidence,, had been “There is and (here can be no 
found. Police sources main- such decision", he said. The 
tained the eight were Palesti- Greek Government grants 

Paris (Reuter) - The French 
mim e. Marcel Marceau, aged 
62, left hospital three weeks 
after V undergoing emergency 
surgeiy twice for a perforated 
stomach ulcer. He was .said to 
i have recovered weH 

World service 

Harare (Reuter) - Zim- 
babwe's state-run radio will 
-launch ah external broadcasting 
service to beam programmes to 
the outside world in the next 
two years “to counter South 
African propaganda”. • 

VS!?;* IZ to explode the plane -m or over 

attack were also found, signed -j- e | i" v - 
by a “Commando Llamado de r 

Jesus Christo” (Call of Jesus 
Christ Commando) and by a -,,-- 1 . Au 
“Commando San Pedro les SZ 

nmen to taxe Israeli nostages, mans carrying passports issued diplomatic status to the PLO 
rce their wy onto a wmung by countries including Algeria, mission in Athens, 
ane of the Israeli airline El AI Tunisia and Iraq. However, a tighter screening 

d fly to Tel Aviv. They were The spokesman, however, of all Arab suspects entering 
explode the plane m or over dismissed as conjecture press Greece wiU be possible when 
■i*™ • , . . . reports that they were officers of drastic, changes are -brought 

Three people died and 40 a hitherto unknown organiza- about in the arrivals procedure 
were injured in the Vienna lion called the “Secret Army for at Athens airport next month, 
attack, which coincided with a Uie Liberation of Palestine" 

Palestinian guerrilla attack on 

d m ?r„t c ^r “ lhc PU) Ship seized 

However, a tighter screening Copenhagen (AFP) .“. -Iran 

R«ist^ts St Peter Resist- Fiumicino airport Rome in 

L T V™S? mmando) ' \ n ^ h “ h which 16 people died and 74 
reference was made tothe 

reference was made tothe were iniured 
■pristian .struggle for. .he "TuXT 

the Liberation of Palestine” 
who planned to attack targets in 
Greece. “We simply do not 
know”, he said. 

of all Arab suspects entering 
Greece wiU be possible when 

at Athens airport next month. 

officials the 

neecc. “Wc simply do not • ROME: Traffic was dis- 
iow”, he said. rupted at Fiumicino airport 

The incident came soon after yesterday morning when the. 

liberation of their holv olace” u * c 'jreex Government 

W,u ti. e 0 neS e - r .o' , ^ar P, Si ,S5S JETSSKS, £ “2SLS.H 

of all the Jews". 

two gunmen who survived the operate with Mr Yassir Arafat’s 

The two Portuguese said that vrith to^R*** 

a man in Madrid by the name ,n 3 gun baltlC Wth ,n «>mbat. in 

cf “Paul” had pui them in terrorism in Greece. 


lUUlMii.U UI H VSIU1U VIHblUU Ulk IMMWk VI ■ I . . . „ ~ 

of Lebanese origin in Madrid. Arabs, two of them women. ltire ® l cncd by rival groups. We 

staff held a three-hour stoppage 
to press demands for stricter 
security following the terrorist 
attack last week (John Earle 

With' the death in hospital of 
Euthrosyne Mediani. aged 56, a 
Greek woman who was return- 
ing to Athens, the number of 
victims has risen to 16. 

Harvard professor quits 
over funding by CIA 

From Our Own Correspondent. New York 

A department bead at Har- 
vard University is leaving his 
post for failing to disclose that 

orities. The 12-year-old jail has the Central Intelligence Agency 

an official capacity of 650. 
There are 750 in the cells. 

About 200 of the prisoners 
were invoked in the rebellion. 
They seized prison staff and an 
outside caterer and took over 
the main floor. There was a 
report lhal a prisoner was dead. 

Inmates shouted to police 
that they were being treated 
“like trash” and wanted to be 
treated as humans. They sent 
out a message saying they did 
not wish to be violent or to 
escape, but wanted better Jiving 

Two hostages, one a prison 
officer with heart trouble, were 
released yesterday, leaving 16 

paid the research costs of a 
book he wrote and funded a 
university conference. 

Harvard is concerned, em- 
barrassed and divided by the 
affair. Some of the staff think it 
has damaged Harvard's repu- 
tation for independence. 

The CIA paid S107.430 
(£71.000) as a research grant 

directorship oT the Centre for 
Middle Eastern Studies but 
will remain on the university 

The nature of his contract 
with the CLX broke Harvard's 
strict rules that staff most 
notify the university when 
accepting research money from 
government or business. In 
particnlar, such funding should 
not have strings attached that 
would affect academic freedom. 
The CIA contract gave the 

for a book. Saadi Arabia : The agency the right to review and 
Ceaseless Quest for Security, b\ c ™ sor , l* 0 ® 1 * manuscript 
Professor Nadav Safran, direc- and ^ * v,r Safran should not 

tor of the university's Centre 
for Middle Eastern Studies. 

The agency also paid 
S45.700 towards a conference 
on Islamic fundamentalism at 
the university last year. 

Mr Safran is to quit the 

Ship’s cook Portuguese 
smuggled pledge on 
ammunition EEC unity 

Auckland <AFP>. “ The cook By Nicholas Ashford Fftfill ftrftch 

nil shxp Diplomatic Correspondent r o 

lie de Lumi&rc, which was _ ^ . ... ' . . Wellington (AFP) - Seven 

seized on Sunday with a load of Portugal will -participate in umdenlified people died when a 
ammunition bound for New actively construaii^a. united n»ht plane crashed near New 
Caledonia, confessed to the I^Pe.Senhor^ital Cavaco Zealand’s South Island town of 
press yesterday that he had SJw. the Portuguese Prime pi aoil _ Police vioims 

smuggled the ammunition on Minister, said m a statement were four adults and three 
board. . marking Pprtugars formal ac- children. 

... - , . cession to the European Com- • 

I did it to make money", the mnnity. - TT • •. . 

cook, M Michel Four, aged 29 The staiemenL a copy of H.0W6 VlSlt 

seized the Danish freighter 
Homeland and its crew of seven 
after stopping it east of the 
Strait of Hormuz carrying 
explosives which Denmark says 
were intended for Bridge and 
road work in Oman. 

Statue riddle 

adventurer and archaeologist, 
Thor Heyerdahl, who 1 s 71, 
plans to return to the South 
Pacific this month to investi- 
gate the mystery of the Easter 
Island statues, hundreds of rock 
figures left behind by a prehis- 
toric people. 

Tourists angry 

Jakarta. Indonesia (AP) — W'est 
German 1 tourists overturned 
furniture- at a hold on the island 
of Bali. They were enraged at 
being turned away despite 
reservations, aocordutg to a 
newspaper report here. 

Fatal crash 

Wellington (AFP) - Seven 
unidentified people died when a 

cook, M Michel Four, aged 29 The staiemenL a copy o 
and a French citizen, said to which fwas released- to Th> 
reporters here. I am: not Timet, emphasised that Portu 
concerned by the New CaJedo- eal intended to nlav a. leadini 

Howe visit 

. Sir . Geoffrey Howe, 

tell his publisher where the - >v, . ??. • 

research money came from. ^ . : C . 

Mr Safrau said he thought the jBL.. \ _ 

o/fnS ju?h? : fefftoereSs Le° h ?nd, t^nota Walesa in their Gdansk apartment on 
no need 10 disclose its involve- New 5 with their five-day-old daughter. The baby, 
meDt- I **** cwnpi® s eighth child, has not yet been named. 

nian problem. I do not regret 

Police, who have charged M 

xrassrsttzasA gar m 

eommunity gSt fe 

msiuouons. January II and 15. The agenda 

Four with Pressing «pld^ tid£e “to ‘thS^SS^on^f 1 25 e Iran ‘ Ira9 - w 

ives. said he told them he had Europe.” the statement said. and bdatcral ^^ade. 

and bilateral trade. 

Black police killed in tribal clashes over homeland 

From Ray Kennedy 

The irradiated bodies of two 

must come out from ificir 
homes armed to defend their 

The police said in a brief 

black policemen were found statement that the bodies of the 
yesterday in the Moutsc area policemen were found near, 
north of Pretoria, where violent iheir burnt-out car and that two 
tribal clashes have erupted over men with bullet wounds were 
government plans to redcsig- being detained in hospi to I in 
nale it as part of an "indepen- connection with their deaths. 

the "vigilantes," who identified 
each other by red crosses 
smeared or. iheir foreheads, 
broke down villagers' homes 
with axes and looted valuables. 

He said 60 men had beer; 



— nition in Sydney 1 , 
ins not yet been named. 

_ . - The He de Lumi4rc had been 

bound from Sydney 10 New 
T_ _, fl _ J Caledonia. New Zealand police 

nomeiana !? vc .Privately they believe 
■* A ^**^* / ^*®**^* the mumtiems were destined for 

and a number of thriving small g^ de ^ # ^ « roups “ V* 

bought 5.00) rounds of ammu- “Tie Portuguese Government 1 T 

muon in Sydney. supports the main guidelines 0 IUCIQ 6 Dl^St 

The He de Lumi4re had been J*pted in toe last Emma .. Portland, Oregon (AP) - A 
tound fmm SvAnm, .« w-™. Council in Luxembourg, which man w£» ‘ L A 

will be vital for the construction ™dc 10 a 

of a ITUS European union and to 

reinforce cohesion and soUda- H 

rity among member states.” S' 9 1 

: — --J---.- O.IU a Iiuii.un Vi iimving snail rrmrirh 

people an? being treated m businesses while KwaNdebele rrenCft toTltorj ‘ 

"''til'll J . M .1 • 


The government's decision to 
incorporate the Mouse area 
:c:c KwaNdebeie seems to be at 

abducted and were being held odds with recent statements by 

hostage somewhere 

P. W. Botha, the state 

dent" homeland. 

Elders of the Sotho-speaking 
Pcdi tribe at Moutse claimed 

They confirmed ihe deaths of 
six other people in toe fighting. 

Tne civil rights organization. 
Black Sash, said at a news 

Kwandebele homeland. Or.e cf President, of his intention to 
the villagers, who appeared at restore South Africa citizenship 
the news conference but asked lo millions of blacks who have 

had virtually nothing. 

Eighty per cent or the land 
belonged to chiefs and residents 
through title deeds dating back 
to the beginning of the century 
and it was feared that if it 
became pan of KwaN’dcbelc the 

Carrington steps warily in Madrid 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Lord Carrington, the Nato 

not to be identified or photo- 

ihal as many of 17 “vigilantes” Black Sash, said at a news 
from the neighbouring Kwande- comfcrcncc in Johannesburg 
bele had been killed in the yesterday that, although toe 
fighting which erupted on New incorporation of Moutse into 
Year’s Dav. Kwandebele has cot been 

Mr Marali Cheue MP for toe officially gazetted so far. gangs 
area in the Lebowa legislative from Kwandebele were acting 
assembly, which has declined like “an invading army". 
Pretoria's offer of “iodepen- A spokesman said: "The 
dencc". said the youth of situation is potentially more 
Moutse was alerted by clarion bloody than in any township in 
calls sounded from kudu horns South Africa " 

- “The traditional method of Mr Cheue accused the police 
warning our menfolk that they in toe area of looking on while 

lOOnifcs ^ 


| KwaNdab uti) j 

' ^Pretoria 

Johannavtwrg / 


■ JUifciiuuii m uvvam; (idii ui rvwa.’IBKOtlC UK «■ , ■ j 7 

restore South Africa citizenship land would be nationalized am TS c L ra 

lo mtii'.or.s of blacks who have without compensation. * y®stOTay for a 48-hour 

lost It through the process of “Wc would be the onlv viable , min ‘ lta *”y dominated by 

establishing “independent” ana of KwaNdebeie," he said. II s "°^_P re5S1 D* nced -to 
homelands. "It looks like a reward to a rrferenum vote m 

I*, also appears lo conflict KwaNdebeie for accepting todc- of in 

with the policy of creating pendency to enhance its image tl. 2, 

homelands for different ethnic as a state." * ne commitment to foe 

groups. Only about 40 per cent He added that, if foe wU repeated to 

of KwaNdebeie** 500,000 popu- Government failed to keep their Lor j ^ arnn P°p. Spanish tiiplo- 
latiort is Ndebele while the chiUtrsa away from school and ?™ c . todkated yester- 

•20.000 people of the moutse to refuse to accept KwaNdebeie *’ v ladnd * however, continue 
area belong to the Pcdi tribe. services and pensions. to reni se to accept full military 

Mr Css us said that fewer ”We feel South Africa has 
than *0 per cent of Moutse's betrayed us.” he said. “This pw 00 ;. - ,pe ^onzAiez, foe 

people were Ndebele speakers, fighting has confirmed what we J lt5 ^ taring, wrong 

He said the area had potential fear. In an independent KwaN- St 1 -ociabst party a pro- 
reserses of coal and asbestos, dcbele, there will be no civilized rffi® position, invited Lord 

exploit the visit in the run-up lo 
foe referendum planned for 


. But pacifist and extra-parlia- 
mentary left-wing anti -Nato 
groups, supported by foe 
Communists, scheduled dem- 
onstrations last night outside 
foe Foreign Ministry here where 
Lord Carrington was to. start 
with talks with Seftor Francisco 
FernAndez Ord&fiez, . fo c 
Foreign Minister. . 

? to hc had been “mistaken” in his 
for previous anti-Nato stand and 
,, tad learnt from the experience 
lia- of Spain s three-year-old mem- 
lato bcrship of Nato foal this way 
foe foe 'Country's national interests 

an- are besr defended. - 

c ^ ord Barrington, making his 
lere first official visit to Spain since 
tart taking up the Nato post, has 
sm always been extremely carefal 
foe . io msst- that it is for the 
Spanish people-' to aedde the 

He said the area had potential 
reserves of coal and asbestos. 


toe only hospital in a large area standards and we must resist” J'^mneioa ana now wants to 

Z v tat Nato qnation. -He win also be 
wUl be foe talks today with foe «t»ved by King Juan Carlos 
^LJr 1D1StCr * confiauing ^ tave talks with Seftor 

0 ^o^ h h^ lfwent &. Sora ' ^ 

on Spanish television at peak 
time over Christinas W-confess 

2«e£i; ; 

te : - 

p r — _ 

f(LVl * 

P : : 




. . t 

' r -7' d , 


. ?:u.i -5 




QPn r . w 




. ripHij; 

* : ui> 



Nicaragua’s . JSmMlmiste 
Government believes its 
W ashi n gt on-backed - guerrilla 
enemies, known as - the 
•’Contras", have lost the military 
initiative and are, at present, 
headed for defeat, a conviction 
shared by independent observers 
in Managua. ' ' 

“We can' state with certainty 
that the mercenary army , has 
entered an irreversible process 
of decomposition and decline,"' 
the Defence Minister, Sen or 
Humberto Ortega, said. The 
decline, he predicted, will 
intensify during 1986. 

Western observers. in 
Nicaragua believe the very 
survival of the Contras, whose, 
aim. is to overthrow the 
Marxi sl-leaning Sandinis ta 
Government, depends on the- 
US Congress approving a 
Reagan request for military aid, 
expected early this year. 

The estimated 15,000 Contras 
- described as “freedom fighters’*, 
by President Reagan - have : 
received more than S70 million 
in support from Washington 
and from private' conservative, 
organizations in the United 
States. Yet, after four years' 
fighting, they have not managed 
to keep pace with a rapidly 
evolving Sandinista army, now 
numbering some 65.000 troops. 
“The lact is," said one 

Aruba’s big 
day marred 
by tragedy 

Oranjeslad, Aruba (Reuter) - 
Aruba's first home-rule govern- 
ment took office yesterday after 
the Caribbean island split from 
the other five islands of the 
Netherlands Antilles federation 
at midnight- _ . 

A seven-man Cabinet led by 
the Prime Minister, Mr Henny 
Faman, was sworn in by the 
Governor Felipe Tromp after 
the first sitting of Aruba’s new 

The arid island of 67,000 
people off the coast of Vene- 
zuela became fully self-govern- 
ing yesterday but The Hague 
will remain responsible for 
defence and foreign affairs until 
Aruba achieves complete inde- 
pendence in 1 9%. 

Wednesday’s night’s cer- 
emonies were marred when the 
Opposition leader, Mr Rerico 
Croes. was seriously injured ins, 
car crash less than- three, hours 
before midnight . 

Mr Croes, aged 46, was 
responsible for setting Aruba- on 
course for independence, but 
his centre-right People’s Elec- 
toral Movement lost power “to 
Mr Eaman's four-party co- 
alition in elections last 
November. Doctors said Mr 
Croes had suffered brain dam- 
age and was still in a coma. 

Police said just over 1,000 
people attended an open-air 
ceremony in Oranjestad at 
midnight where the red, white 
and blue Antillean flag was 
lowered for the last time and 
Aruba’s blue ensign with a 
single red star was raised in its 
place. _ 

The new Government's first 
task will be to tackle an 
economic crisis caused by the 
closure of Aruba’s huge oil 
refinery last March, leaving 
tourism as the only sdurce or 
foreign exchange. 

|5 ndBS 

From John CnrKn } Managua 

Western diplomat, “tharthefaf- 
beHied ex-Somoza. - National 
Guards /who "‘lead them -are 
woei^y -incompetent at con- 
doct^guerrilla operations.” 

Besides, the vast majority of 
the Contra fighters are young,- 
poorty educated peasant men - 
“ftiUbfliies”, one senior -diplo- 
mat-. called them — some of 
whom,- as the Pernvian author 
Mario Vargas Uosa has written, 
have been led to believer they 
are “engaged - ;in a - crusade 
agamst tbe forces of Satan” . 

The Sandinista Popular 
Army, as it is known, has.: 
received high-quality training 
from Cuban advisers woriring in 
Nicaragua: The fruits of that 
training -have been seen this 
year with the.' Army taking on, 
and beating, the Contras at the 
guerrilla game of fighting in the 
mountains .— without defined, 
•fronts ~ in s irreH , highly mobile 


; Contrary to the norms , of 
guerrilla warfare, .it is the 
guerrillas, and nor the govern- 
ment Army, that are suffering 
the worst casualties. According 
to official figures, the Sandinista 
Army killed 4,608 Contras in 
1985,- losing 1,143 soldiers 

Sefior Ortega, brother of 
President Daniel Ortega, said 

-the rebels had ' been- reduced to 
despair - at - their failure to 
■ achieve their main objective of 
■‘‘hherating" territory and 
setting, up a provisional: govern- 
ment - 

: The Contras have not been 
able to take, much less hold, any 
target of political importance. 
As a consequence, their capacity 
to mobilize civilian support has 
been insignificant : 

' However, the presence of the 
Contras — whom President 
Ortega perceives as merely the 
ramshackle -vanguard of an 
American 'troop invasion - has 
obliged the Sandinistas to spend 
40 ' per cent of the na tio nal 
budget oh defence. The effects : 
on the subsistence economy : 
haw been disastrous and laid 
toe basis for a grovmdsweU of 
discontent among the country's 
three- million people — a 
possibility causing alarm amon g 
senior government offi cials 

- Also worrying to the 
Sandinistas are reported Contra 
attempts to form a so-called 
“internal front”, a base from 
which to launch potentially 
^ESfnbfliTing ur ban attacks. * 

But there is no sign as yet 
of any 'Contra presence in 
Managua, the remarkably 
tranquil capital, or any other 
. major city. 

Britain ready for 
A-test meeting 

From Omr Correspondent, Sydney / 

Three British officials are due 
in Canberra next week for the 
first formal meeting in what are 
expected .to be lengthy ' and 
awkward negotiations - on the 
report of the McClelland Royal 
Commission into British nu- 
clear testa in Australia. . The 
subject has the potential to sour 
Anglo-Australian ties consider- 
ably. . 

The talks, - scheduled for 
January 9 and 10, wpl concen- 
trate on the commission’s main 
recommendation as for as 
Bitain is concerned - that dean- 
ups of contaminated test sites 
should be paid for by the British 

No agenda has been set and 
the meeting wUl be only ‘a 
preliminary step. Both sides are 
expected to treat the talks as 
sounding-board in preparation 
fora meetin'at ministerial level 
later in the month. 

, The commission, under the 
presidency of Mr Justice James 
McClelland,, found that Britain 
had a legal and moral responsi- 
bility to clear toxic waste left by 
the Tindear testing programme 
conducted in the outback 

French Alps ski deaths 
bring off-piste warning 

'From Diana Geddas, Paris 

Caracas ~ 

A warning of - the . great ’ 
danger -of off-piste siding has 1 
been issued by the French 
mountain rescue 7 service after 
the death this week of two more 
skiers in- .avalanches in the 
bloat -Blanc area of the Alps, 
bringfra last year’s total of 
avalanche deaths on the French 
side of the northern Alps to 27. 

Most of tiie .accidents were 
caused fey the imprudence of 
off-piste skiers who, with the 
development of more advanced 
equipment and the opening of, 
new ski 13te .into. the high 
mountains, are becoming more 
and more numerous, according 
to M Oande Xovie, director of 
the .Centre to the Study, of 
Snow and Avalanches at 
Albertville, in Savoy. 

“At present the snow which 
fell last weekend is not 
adhering to the previous layer 
of snow,” he said. “That is 
because - of the -severe frost 

which is preventing the two 
layers sticking together, and 
because die underlying layer 
has become hard and trans- 
formed as a result of the 
freezing conditions. 

“The fresh snow could start 
to slip simply under the weight 
of a man. This phenomenon is 
all the more dangerous because 
it is likely to continue until the 
end of March, unless there is a 
deep thaw 

• BERN: Eveline Wirth, 

acrobatic skiing world cham- 
pion, was rescued with the help 
of a police dpg after being 
buried by an avalanche in the 
Bernese Oberfand, police said 
yesterday (AP reports). 

Ms Wirth, who is Swiss, had 
bran in a group of six skiing 
down outside marked trails to 
the 5.971ft Hahaenmoos pass 
when the snowslide struck on 
New Year’s Day. 

7-month ordeal in Kabul jail 

An Anstralian couple kid- 
napped by a border tribe in 
Pakistan last May are on thehr 
way home after having spent 
seven mouths incwnmunicado 

- . hl'^i i° a prism in the Afgh ani st an 
G v -**■ capital, Kah nl. 

Dr Robert WiBiamson, aged 
35, a hydrologist from near 
Melbourne, spent the Jast five 

months in solitary confinement. 

His wife. Miss Jennifer Lade* 

- r.> aged 32, was not allowed to see 
; r-.- ’ . Mm for flie whole time they 
^ were kept in Kabul. But she at 

- — ' ,i least had some company in her 
* J|»tj cell - an Afghan woman - and 
1 * 1 Ql * a wood burning stove when the 

’ snows began. 

“I was my own baatii % 
system,” said Dr Wi lli a mson -. 
' “j “I had to spend the day. 
... wrapped in a 13*nkeL” 

The couple were released to 
■ toe British Embassy in Kabul 
' : ri on December 27 after the UN 
i personal intervention of the 
'.'.’.•r f„V Secretary General, Senar 
.f : Javier P3erez de C nfiBar , who 

v;*' ; twice interceded with the 
.. Afghan Foreign Minister, Mr 
l ": rj S hah Mohammad .Dost, in 
, ; ’.i ^New York. Appeals were also 
made by the Australian 
I - , 'K Government to Kabul and 

- ■V' r -.- n Moscow. 

: r-' “We didn’t really beBere we 
were free until we arrived in 

...5 S<^. ■„ , ■ ' ' ' 

From MkJiadLHsuiilyii, Delhi . 

. DeHuj". said ' Dr Williamson 
after Hying from the Afghan 
capital in an Indian Airlines 

let- . " _ 

. The Anstralian Government 
first learned that the couple 
were being held in Kabul on 
November 11 when a letter was 
received in the Anstralian 
Embassy in Pakistan, brought 
there by afaember of the tribe 
which first captured (hot. In 
the letter Dr Williamson wrote 
'that “we . are being held by the 
authorities in Kabul”. 

Dr WHfiaxnsoa described to 
-a press conference inDdhi how 
he was kidnapped. He was 
working on a UN -sponsored 
forestry project in Baluchistan.. 
On May 18 he was giving his 
wife - * weekend break from 1 toe 
Baluchistan capitaVQwtta,by 
taking her to visit his project,, 
which Was undertaken to 
stimulate income generation to 
Afghan refugees. 

Their vehicle was stopped by 
tribesmen from toe * Sasooti 
tribe, and they were taken off to 
captivity. “We spent!2 daysou 
toe.'Fakhstan-Afoluui border, 
enjoying tribal life,” he said-. 
“Tb«t on May 30 we.. were 
captured by people in. green 
wiwformH, who. arrtyed- .in. a 

g p ee n : ■ pa?"****! . hdkopter 

'-decorated with a fivferpomted 

red star. A second helicopter 
; hovered oearby. We were flown 
to Kandahar and were kept 
there for three days. Then we 
were flown to KabuL” 

While held in Kabnl - “I do 
not' know toe name of the 
prison - it was an interrogation 
centre for people awaiting 
trial”- - they were questioned by 
a young interrogator, who tried 
to find out whether they were 
spying for the United States. 

. The interrogator spoke no 
English, but was assisted by an 

interpreter “who spoke English 


Neither Dr Williamson nor 

Miss Lade complained of ill- 
treatment. “Except for being 
kept out of contact with toe 
outside worH,” Dr Williamson 
said. “I was not bashed up." 

The interrogator asked ques- 
tions “personal, impersonal, 

pertinent, impertinent, you 
name it,” said Dr Wflfiamson. 
“They asked me everything 
from tiie number of dresses I 
had to the number of plates,” 
said Miss Lade. “They asked 
me who paid to my state 
school education,” said. Dr 
W iBhma in. - 

One of the things they were 
accused of was entering 
Afghanistan illegally. “We 

said there were mitigating 

Ozal hopes 
to sign 
$3bn Iran 
trade deal 

From Rasit Gnnfitek - 

Mr Turgut Ozal, toe Turkish 
Prime Minster, today starts a 
three-day offical visit to Tehran 
hoping to sign a multi-billion 
dollar trade deal and expedite a 
massive oil and gas pipeline 

Two hundred officials and 
businessmen will accompany 
Mr Oral. With a visit to 
B aghdad planned for later in the 
year, he is also expected to 
attempt further mediation to 
end the Gulf War, despite 
visible anger over alleged Iraqi 
interference with the just 
concluded visit to Tehran by 
Mr Mustafa Tinaz Titiz, the 
Turkish State - Minister for 
Economic Affairs. 

Mr Titiz. who went to the 
Iranian capital to work out the 
details of this year’s bilateral 
trade deals was stranded there 
for more than a day when a 
plane sent to fetch him was 
allegedly intercepted by Iraqi 
planes and forced to return. 
After Ankara waited in vain for 
a guarantee of safe passage from 
Baghdad, the plane had to fly 
throuth Soviet air space to pick: i 
up the minis ter and his 

Although Mr Ozal’s flight 
was reportedly cleared by Iraq, i 
he was to make the same detour 
to demonstrate his Govern- 
ment’s displeasure over the 

On his return on New Year’s 
Day, Mr Titiz reported agree- 
ment for the volume of two-way 
trade this year to be at least S3 
billion (£2 billion) and to be 
better balanced. 



isi- • ■ 


A small child joins adult mourners showing their grief at Mrs Blackburn's funeral. 

20,000 mourn white activist 

between 1952 and 1963, in spite 
of releases issued by two 
previous Australian govern- 
ments. - 

Estimates of the cost of such 
an operation are largely guess- 
work, but a figure or Aus $150 
million (about £72 million) is 
frequently mentioned. 

Another of the commission’s 
recommendations bound to be 
discussed is the creation of a 
group including representatives 
of the British and Australian 
governments to supervise the 
cleaning-up and future of the 
r worst contaminated site Mara- 
linga in South Australia. 

Like Britain, the Australian 
Government has not responded 
officially to the report of the 
commission, which was tabled 
in Parliament on December 5 
. . Britain Will be represented at 
the talks by Mr Alan Fatness, 
head of the South Pacific 
department at the Foreign 
Office; Mr Michael McTaggart, 
an assistant director at the 
Ministry of Defence; and Ms 
Judy • Douglas, a Treasury 

• Border Hi ting s; Turkish 
border patrols shot dead four 
Iranians who attempted to cross 
into Turkey illegally, the inde- 
pendent Hurriyet news agency 
said ( AP reports). 

The dispatch, quoting Mr 
Zekeriya Oztosim, prosecutor in 
the border province of Van, 
said the I ranians did not heed 
the patrol’s call to halt and 
identify themselves. They 
started r unning and were shot 
as suspected smugglers. Another 
I ranian in the group survived 
and is in custody, the agency , 

More than 20,000 blacks 
from all over the Eastern Cape 
region, one of the worst affected 
In IS months of South African 
township unrest, poured into 
Port Elizabeth yesterday for 
the funeral of Mrs Molly 
Blackbnm, the white civil 
rights activist killed in a car 
crash last Saturday. She was 

They filled the streets for 
more than 200 yards around St 
John’s Methodist Church In 
the centre of the town. 

Over loudspeakers the 
crowd, some members of which 
wore the colours of the 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

y outlawed African National ( 
»e Congress, heard Dr Allan i 
d Boesak, president of the World * 
n Alliance of reformed churches t 
q and patron of the United < 
ir Democratic Front, say at the 
y inter-denominational service: p 

g “She anticipated what this 1 
T country can and should be. In r 
5 South Africa there are precious 
few white people who have 
lF gained so much credibility and E 
it earned so much respect from fe 
a ns." b 

Mrs Blackburn, a mother of l 
e seven and a provincial council- C 
b lor for the official opposition r 
e Progressive Federal Party s 

(PFP) in Port Elizabeth, died 
in a bead-on car crash on her 
way home from visiting a black 
township near the Eastern 
Cape town of Ondtshoorn. 

Dr Brian Bishop, a PFP 
provincial councillor in Cape 
Town and a prominent civil 
rights activist. 

The organizers of Port 
Elizabeth's black consumer 
boycott, Mr Mkoseti Jack, 
blamed apartheid for her death. 
He said she had been visiting 
Ondtshoorn to save black 
residents “from the vicious 
state of emergency". 

heads for 
zero growth 
this year 

From Paul Routiedge 

The full scale or the economic 
cyclone that hit Singapore iasi 
year has been disclosed by the 
Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan 
Yew, in a new year message 
calling for wage restraint and 
higher productivity. 

He told the island 's two and 
a half million people that the 
economy declined by 1.7 per 
cent in 1985, against a steady 8 
per cent growth for the first part 
of the decade. And the official 
outlook for ' 1986 is “zero 

Foreign investment commit- 
ments in the republic fell by a 
Staggering 39 per cent during 
the year, and more than 90.GCXJ 
jobs were lost - though two- 
ihirds of these were foreigners. 
Unemployment in Singapore is 

Record crumbles 

Singapore’s eight-year strike- 
free record crumbled yesterday 

when workers at an American 
oil equipment company stayed 
away in support of demands for 
the reinstatement of six col- 
leagues dismissed last year, 
five of them union officials 
(Reuter reports). A spokesman 
for Hydril Private said only 15 
out of 120 employees reported 
for work. 

now above 4 per cent and wili 
rise to 5-6 per cent when the 
latest wave of school leavers 
hits the labour market. 

Singapore is not alone 
in experiencing economic 
recession, as the accompanying 
table shows. The boom days in 
South-East Asia are over for the 
foreseeable future. 

Mr Lee laid much of the 
blame for his country's poor 
performance at the door of wage 
rises outstripping productivity . 
Inflation was only 0.5 per cent 
last year, yet workers enjoyed 
real wage increases of 2.5 per 
cent while improving their 
productivity by only 1.2 per 
cent. “We just cannot afford 
this”, he insisted. 

Canberra and Jakarta seek agreement 

Hawke’s good-neighbour policy 

A confidential strategic 
assessment which caused 
Canberra acute .embarrassment 
and chagrin when it was leaked 
in 1984, summarizes neatly the 
rationale behind Australia's 
current efforts to pm relations 
with Indonesia on a better 

The basis of the document's 
reasoning was that though there 
is no immediate threat to 
Australian security, h is only 
prudent to consider that a 
danger might one day be posed 
by a close neighbour which is 
at the same time the world’s 
fifth largest country, a vast 
archipelago of 13,000 islands 
and more than 150 million 

Relations have ranged from 
bad to. awkward since the 
Indonesian invasion of Timor a 
decade ago. Australian public 
opinion has tended to the view 
that Indonesia is inherently 
expansionist, while Jakarta 
believes it was let down by an 
Australian Government which 
had privately endorsed a take- 

Many of the problems, 
according to both rides, stem 
from considerable cultural 
differences - between subtle 
Javanese circuitousness and 
Antipodean directness. On top 
of that, a democracy in which 
an aggressively free press plays 
an important role is bound to 
have its difficulties with a 
mUitaristic neighbour which has 
a variable record on human 

From Stephen Taylor, Canberra 

; A senior Defence Department 
I official in Canberra says: “As a 
t nation we have always had 
1 something of a ‘yellow-peril’ 
j phobia. We used to worry about 
s the Japanese, then it was the 
s Chinese. In the seventies 
r Indonesia became the big 

i But the Hawke Government, 

; maintaining a trend of recent 
> administrations to realign 
f Australian priorities towards 
i East Asia, and in particular 
l China. Japan and the Asean 
5 nations, has worked at improv- 
i ing Indonesian relations, 
t And, after the December visit 
i byMrMochtarKusumaatmadja, 
i the Indonesian Foreign Minister. 

officials here are satisfied that 
i there is a new commitment by 
i the Suharto administration to 
l improving lies. 

Mr Mochtar took back to 
r Jakarta an invitation to Preri- 
t dent Suharto to pay an official 
i visit, and while he was here said 
i both countries were determined 
i to concentrate on those issues a 
■ on which they are in agreement a 
rather than, as in the past, their F 
, differences. 1 

i A visit by President Suharto S 
1 would be a significant step s 
! forward. The Indonesian leader, 8 
I extremely cautious in any direct *] 
i course of action, has previously f 
i eschewed the opportunity to 
: visit Australia for fear of the v 
i likelihood of demonstrations. j, 
Mr Mochtar's experience will <. 
: have done the prospects of a 9 
visit no harm. The Foreign n 
Minister encountered only two v 

small demonstrations by left- 
wing groups, and at a National 
Press Club luncheon, where be 
was expected to face a grilling, 
the questioning was neutraL 
The perennial irritant. East 
Timor, did not even feature in 
questioning and as an issue 
seems to have been laid to rest 
in Australian consciousness. 

One problem with the 
potential not only to harm 
relations but to cause positive 
hostility, between Australia and 
Indonesia remains. Jakarta’s 
policy of resettling citizens 
from the overcrowded island of 
Java in other territories has 
provoked an ethnic conflict in 
Irian Jaya where indigenous 
Melanesian guerrillas of the 
OPM (Free Papua Movement) 
want an independent state. 

The significance of this for 
Australia is that Irian Jaya 
borders on Papua New Guinea, 
which Canberra administered 
until independence a decade 
ago and for which it still feels 
a certain responsibility. The 
presence of 10.000 Lrianese in 
PNG refugee camps which the 
guerrillas reportedly treat as 
sanctuaries and recruiting 
grounds raises the spectre of 
hot-pursuit raids by Indonesian 
forces into PNG. 

Mr Mochtar maintains that 
would never happen without 
the agreement of the PNG 
Government, though it is 
questionable whether the 
influential Indonesian military 
would concur. 

Mrs Aquino 
smiles on 

Baguio, Philippines (AFP) - 
The presidential candidate Mrs 
Corazon Aquino said yesterday 
that she would accept help from 
communists as she opened a 
well-received two-day campaign 
lour of President Marcos’s 
home region. 

She also said her party, the 
United Nationalist Democratic 
Organization (Unido), would 
unveil a “minimum" pro- 
gramme of government today. 
She indicated that Unido would 
push ahead with the country’s 
land reform programme and the 
immediate reorganization of the 

She aded that she was 
reconsidering an earlier call for 
the removal of US bases in the 
country. She told a press 
conference after addressing 
more than 10,000 people in the 1 
central square of this northern 
city: “If they tell me that they 
will not resort ot violence, 1 
guess it’s all right’’ 

The 52-year-old widow of Mr 
Marcos's chief political op- 
ponent Benigno Aquino, said 
she would welcome commu- 
nists in her government if she 
unsealed Mr Marcos in the 
special elections on February 7. 
provided they renounced viol- 
ence. participated and won in 
an election. 

Her remarks came as Mr 
Marcos accused his political 
opponents of forming alliances 
with outlawed communists and 
encouraging foreign inter- 

Source; Asiaweek, Far Eastern Economy 
Review and official. 

The international economy 
holds out little hope for 
improvement in Singaporean 
trade, he warned. “The more 
unpromising the international 
economy, ihe harder we have to 
work at cutting operating costs, 
including labour costs, and at 
improving productivity. 

“Our workers and unions 
must help. We need another two 
years of wage restraint Where 
companies are doing badly, we 
need wage reductions.” 

This is a considerably tougher 
line than the Government tool: 
u hen the depth of the recession 
first became apparent in mid- 

Employers have been urging 
Mr Lee for many months to cut 
the contributions paid to the 
Central Provident Fund. At 
present, workers pay 25 per cent 
of their monthly wages into the 
CPF. and this sum is matched 
by the employer. 

The cut in the CPF contribu- 
tions is just one of a further 
tranche of economic measures 
expected soon as the Govern- 
ment grapples with the 
recession. Mr Lee promised in 
his new \ ear message to “give top 
priority to economic recovery 
and the generation of new 

This task will be handled 
chiefly by the Prime Minister's 
“younger colleagues", and most 
notably his own son, the junior 
trade minister. Brigadier- 
General Lee Hsicn Loong. 
whose promotion to “industrial 
supremo” is expected shortly. 

K"" 5? 



Miss Lade and Dr Williams on telling journalists in Delhi of their days in captivity in 
Af gha nistan after being seized by tribesmen. 

circumstances though,” said 
Miss Lade. 

Dr Wfltiaiasoa said he had 
been 31 to a time. “I was crook 
for a while,” be said. “They 
called it zaufi, the yellow 
disease. The core was no fats in 
the diet, lots of fresh fruit and 
yoghurt. That was good.” 

The Williamsons were 
captured by the tribespeepk as 

hostages for the release of a 
tribal leader who had been 
sentenced to a jafl term in 
Pakistan. He was convicted of 
robbery and attempted murder. 

“They made me write a letter 
saying that- if he was not 
released within five days we 
would be killed,” said Dr 
WnHamson. “There were 
several days when I thought 

we’d be dead," Miss Lade 

The released couple made an 
appeal for the release of their 
driver, Mr Mohammad Ali, a 
Pakistani who was kidnapped 
with them and who was 
likewise taken to Kabul. Dr 
Williamson said that he last 
saw him on October 5. His 
head had been shaved. 

Hopes rise of Afghanistan 
pact before next summit 

From Michael Bin yon. Washington 

In spile of United Slates and Reagan told Mr Gorbachov in 
Pakistani caution over the latest Geneva, the Unites Slates has 
informal Afghan suggestions for spent over S430 million (£299 
the withdrawal of Soviet troops, million) since 1980 in helping 
there are hopes here that an Afghan refugees who have tied 
historic agreement ending the to Pakistan. United States aid to 
six-year conflict can be reached the Afghan rebels is now 
before the autumn visit to running at almost $25 million a 
Washington of Mr Mikhail year, and covert assistance may 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader. add considerably to that sum. 

Three of the four elements American arms sales to 

are virtually in place. But the Pakistan ha^c been increased 
key issue of the withdrawal of because of the conflict, and a 
118,000 Boviet troops remains real thaw in political relatione 
the main stumbling block, with with Moscow still depends on £ 
the United States and Pakistan Soviet withdrawal, 
insisting that all else depends on An immediate cul-ofT of 

it. However Washington has United States military aid to the 
already said it is ready to play rebels could effectively end the 
the unusual role of guarantor of armed struggle against the 
a political settlement in a Kabul Government. An Ameri- 
counlry bordering the Soviet can pledge of non-intervention 
Union. would also make it difficult for 

The United States has the United States to give open 
accepted the draft guarantees support 10 any subsequent 
presented by the United movement to overthrow the 

Nations, and the outlines of a government 
comprehensive settlement arc The latest .Afghan ideas have 
now in sight. Three of the main also been received coolly in 
documents have been virtually Pakistan. Islamabad said vestcr- 
completed at the Geneva dav it had not seen the 
negotiations: non-interference limeiibJc given by Mr Shah 
and non - intervention; the Mohammad Dost, the Afghan 
voluntary return of Afghan Foreign Minister, to the US 
refugees; and international negotiator. Mr Dost said the 
guarantees on the neutrality of timetable couid be discussed 
Afghanistan. only if Pakistan would agree to 

Any agreement would have direct negotiations with him, 
an immediate impact on United which Pakistan has consistent!} 
States policy. As President refused. 






(Estimate) (Projected 



-1.7 (actual] 




































Year to remember: anniversaries 

The Abdication, the opening of the first 

Mersey Tunnel, the destruction of the 

Crystal Palace and King George Y’s 

death - all in this list of memorable dates 


2 Apsley Cheny-Garrard. polar 
explorer, bom, Bedford. 1886. 

5 Humbert Woffe, poet, bom, 
Milan, 1836. 

6 Baidassare Peruzzi, architect 
and painter, died, Rome, 1536. 

7 Catherine of Aragon, first wife 
of Henry VW. died. Kjmbofton, 
Huntingdon, 1536. 

8 Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 
painter, bom, Dronrfjp. 
Netherlands. 1636. 

11 Joseph Jackson Lister, pioneer 
of microscopy, bom, London, 1786. 
14 ignace-Henri Fantin-Latour, 
painter, bom. Grenoble, 1 836. 

16 Charles Colling, cattle breeder, 
died, Barmpton, Durham. 1833 
Shaphurjl SaklatvaJa, politician, 
died. London. 1936. 

17 CartoDold. painter, died, 

Flore nee, 1686. AmHcare 
Poncbielli, composer, died. Milan, 
1886. Ronald Frrbank. novelist, 
born, London, 1886. 

18 Rudyard Kipling, writer (above), 
died, London, 1936. 

19 James Watt engineer, bom, 
Greenock. 1736. 

20 George V, reigned 191 0-36, 
died. Sandringham. Norfolk. 1936. 
The Mersey tunnel was formally 
opened, 1886. 

23 Dame Clara Butt, contralto, 
died. North Stoke. Oxfordshire, 

25 Joseph-Louis. Comte de 
Lagrance. mathematician, bom. 
Twin. 1736. 

26 Benjamin Robert Haydon. 
historical painter ("Waiting tor The 
Times"), bom, Plymouth, 1766. 


1 John By, engineer, died. 
Shernfield Park, Sussex, 1836. 

2 Sir Owen Seaman, editor of 
Punch 1906-32. died. London. 

3 Bernard Lintot, publisher, died, 
London, 1736. 

4 Sir William Gall, archaeologist, 
d«d. Naples, 1836. 

10 Sir William Dugdale, antiquary, 
died. Blyth Hall, Warwickshire, 

1 686. Eleanor Sidgv/ick, principal 
o! Newnham College, Cambridge, 

1 892-1910, died, Fisher's Hall, 
Woking, 1936. 

11 James Cowles Prichard, . .j, 
physician, bom. Ross, -. 7 *' 
Herefordshire, 1786. 

12 Randolph CaJdeeott, illustrator, 
died, St Augustine, Florida, 1886. 

13 John Tultoch, Moderator of 
Church of Scotland, 1878, died, 
Torquay, 1886. 

15 Edward Cardwell, Viscount 
CardweU, military reformer, died, 
Torquay. 1886. 

19 Base Ringrose, buccaneer, 
died, near Santiago, 1 686. 

21 Em3 Hartmann, composer, 
bom Copenhagen, 1636. L6o 
Delibes, composer, bom, St 
Germain du Val. 1836. 

23 Albert Sammons, viofinfst, bom, 
London, 1886. 


24 Wilhelm Cart Grimm, folk-ioni 
writer, bom, Hanau, 1786. Winslow 
Homer, painter, bom, Boston, 
Massachusetts, 1836. 

27 Ivan Pavlov, physiologist (fled, 
Leningrad, 1936. 

28 Daniel Charles Sofander, 
botanist bom. Nonland, Sweden, 

29 Ann Lee, founder of the 
American Society of Shakers, bom, 
Manchester, 1736. 



1 William Johnson Fox, 

and politician, bom. 

Suffolk. 1786. Oskar Kokoschka, 
painter, bom P&chlam. Austria, 
1886. , 

4 David Rowlands (’Dew* Mon 1 ), 
scholar and poet bom, Geufron, 
Anglesey, 1836. 

6 Sir Charles Napier, admiral, 
bom. Merchlston Had. Stirlingshire, 
1786. David (Davy) Crockett, 
politician and frontiersman, killed at 
the battle of the Aiamo, San 
Antonio, Texas. 1836. 

8 Louisa Maria Hubbard (above), 
social reformer, bom. St 
Petersburg (Leningrad). 1 836. 

11 Sir Henry Seton Steuart 
arboriculturist, died, Allan ton, 
Lanarkshire. 1 836. David Beatty, 
1st Earl Beatty, admiral of the fleet, 
died. London. 1936. 

14 John Scott Haldane, 
physiologist died. Oxford. 1 936. 

16 Giovanni Pergolesi. composer, 
died, Ppzzuoli, Italy, 1736. 

18 EleuthGrios Venfzdbs, prime 
minister of Greece 191 0-20, died. 
Paris, 1936. 

20 Sir Edward Poynter, painter. 
PRA 1896-1918, bom. Paris. 1836. 
Robert Cunninghams Graham, 
writer, died, Buenos Aires. 1936. 

21 Alexander Glazunov, composer, 
died. Peris, 1936. 

24 Nicholas Hawksmoor, architect 
died. London, 1736. 

25 St Margaret Cntherow. martyr 
(canonized 1 970), executed, York, 

30 Thomas Bou renter, cardinal, 
died, Knowfe, Sevenoaks, 1488 
Frances Com ford, poet, bom, 
Cambridge, 1886. 


1 Sir Thomas Buxton, 
philanthropist, bom, Castle 
Hedingham, Essex. 1786. 

2 Jacob Tonson, publisher, died, 
Ledbury, Herefordshire, 1736. 

7 William Godwin the elder, 
writer, died, London, 1 836. 

8 Lily Elsie, actress and singer, 
bom. WorBey, Yorkshire; first 
Home Rule for Ireland Bill 
introduced by Gladstone, 1886. 

V - ; . %■'. i . 7v ■ y 

v. .. v.i : •/: “ Z '■'-Z-Wgf 

■* .■s-Vii.-uf ^ 1 ^ >■>- '<■ . 

> He" 1 "i- , • .*• 

Palace drama: the end of the Crystal Palace in 1936 and (right) the end of King Edward VHTs reign, 10 days later 

9 William Beardmore, Baron 
invemalm. shipbuilder, died, 
RiChity. Inverness-shire. 1936. 

1 3 Sidney Richard Percy, 
landscape painter, died, Sutton. 
Surrey, 1886. 

16 Sir John Franklin. Arctic 
explorer, bom, Spisby 
Lincolnshire. 1786. 

17 John Fbrd, dramatist, baptized. 
Jlsington, Devon, 1586. Xaver 
Schnyder von W Brian see, 
composer, bom. Lucerne, 1786. 
20/21 Eugene of Savoy, general, 
died. Vienna. 1736. 

28 Fuad I, king of Egypt 1 922-36, 
died, Cairo. 1936. 

30 Alfred Edyard Housman. poet 
and scholar, died, Cambridge, 

5 Beatrice Harraden. novelist 
died. Bartcn-on-Sea. Hampshire, 

8 Oswald Spangler, philosopher, 
died. Munich, 1936. 

10 Karl Barth, theologian, bem, 
Basel. 1886. 

13 William Farren. actor, 
bom, London. 1786. 

14 Edmund Henry Aitenby. 1st 
Viscount Allenby, fie id-marshal, 
died. London, 1936. 

15 EmHy Dickinson, poet, died, 
Amherst Massachusetts. 1886. 

17 Thomas Erskine May, Barcn 
Fambo rough, author of 
Treatise . . . Usage at Parliament 
(1 844; now in its 20th edition), efied, 
London, 1886. 

19 Anne Boisyn, second wife of 
Henry VIII. executed, London, 

21 Carl Wfihelm Scheeie. chemist 
died, Kdping, Sweden, 1786. 

23 Leopoiavon Ranke, historian, 
died, Berlin. 1886. 

24 Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit 
sicist bom. Danzig (Gdansk). 

6. he died, September 1 6. The 

Hague. 1 736- Joseph Rowntree, 
cocoa manufacturer and 
phUanttwopist bom, York, 1838. 

27 Sir Wlftiam Fettes, founder of 
Fettes College, Edinburgh, died 

29 Patrick Henry, American 
revolution leader, bom, Studfey, 
Virginia, 1736. 


9 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 
physician and founder of medical 
school for women, bom. 
Aideburgh, Suffolk, 1836. 

10 Andre-Marie Amptra, physicist 
tied. Marseilles. 1836- Dame 
Henrietta Barnett social reformer, 
died, London, 1936. 

14 Charies-Augustin de Coulomb, 
physicist bom, Angouldme, 1736. 
Gilbert Keith Chesterton, writer, 
died, Beaconsfield, 
Buckinghamshire; Maxim Gorky, 
writer, died. Leningrad, 1936. 

18 George Leigh Mallory (above), 
mountaineer, bom, Moboeriey, 
Cheshire. 1885. 

20 Etr.manuel-Joseph Sieves, 
churchman and politician, efied, 
Paris. 1836. 

21 Daniel Douglas Home, 
spiritualist cSed, Auteufl, 1896. 

23 James Mifl, utilitarian 
ph3osof*er, died. London, 1836. 

25 John Home Tooke.poWtalan 
and philologist bom, London, 

1 736. John Clevertey, marine 
painter, died. London, 1786. 

26 RougetdeUsle, poet 
composer of the "MarseiDafsQ", 
died, Chdsy-te-Roi. 1836. 

27 John Cam Hobhouse. Baron 
Broughton, statesman, bom, 
Redtend. near Bristol. 1786. 

28 James Madison, 4th j 
of the USA 1809-17, died 
"Montpelier”, Virginia, 1636. 


2 Jacopo Sansovino, sculptor 
and architect bom, Florence. 1486. 
4 Heinrich Kaminski, 
bom, Tfengen, Germany, 1 
8 Joseph Chamberlain, 
statesman, bom, London, 1836. 

10 John Fell, Dean of Christ Church 
and Bishop of Oxford, died. 1686. 

12 Desiderius Erasmus, scholar, 
died, Basel. 1536. 

13 Clifford Bax, playwright bom, 
London, 1886. 

17 John CofflerfTim Bobbin"), 
author and painter, died, MHnnow, 
Lancashire. 1786, Tom Webster, 
sporting cartoonist bom, Bilston, 
Staffordshire, 1666. 

18 Spanish Civil War began, 1 936. 
20 Sir Raymond Priestley. Antarctic 
explorer and academic, bom, 
Tewkesbury, 1886. 

23 Salvador de Madariaga, writer 
and politician, bom, Corunna; Sir 
Arthur Whitten Brown, aviator, 
bom. Glasgow, 1866. 

28 Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 
founder of the house of Rothschild, 
efied, Frankfurt am Main, ,1836. 

31 Franz Liszt composer, died, 
Bayreuth, 1886. 


2 Lours Bteriot aviator, died, 
Paris. 1936. 

9 Sir Samuel Ferguson, poet and 
antiquary, died, Dublin, 1886. 

11 Wit&am Waynftete, ford 
chancellor 1456-60, died, South 
Waltham, Hampshire. I486. 

14 Sir Walter Besant novelist and 
philanthropist bom, Portsmouth, 

15 Sir Henry Lytton, Savoyard, 
died, London; Grazia Deledda, 
novelist died. Rome, 1936. 

17 Frederick II. the Great king of 
Prussia 1740-88, dted. Potsdam, 
1786. Births and Deaths 
Registration Act 1836. passed. 

25 James Silk Buckingham, author 
and traveller, bom, Flushing, near 
Falmouth. 1786. 

27 Henry Crompton, advocate of 
trade unions, bom, Liverpool, 1836. 
Eric Coates, composer, bom, 
HucknaB, Nottinghamshire, 1888. 


1536 The Pilgrimage of grace - 

3 Daniel Mendoza, pugilist dted. 
London, 1836.' 

5 Jonas Hanway, traveller, 
philanthropist ana inventor of the . 
umbrella, died, London, 1786. 

7 John Pond, astronomer royal 
1811-36, died, London; SirHemy 
Campbell-Saiinennan, prime 
minister 1905-08, bom, .Glasgow, 
1836. Berkeley George Moynihan, 
1st Baron Moyrrihan, surgeon, dted 
Leeds, 1936. 

8 Siegfried Sassoon (above), 
writer, bom, Weirieigh, Kent 1888. 

14 Jan Masaryk, statesman, bom, 

15 Jean-Baptiste Charcot 
explorer, died at sea off Iceland, 

18 Mary Ann Girling, fa under of the 
■’People of God", died, Hordle, 

Lymlngton, 1888. 
20 Anthony 1 

Babington, leader of 

the plot to assassinate Elizabeth I, 
executed, London. 1588. John 
Ljptrot Hatton, composer, dted. 
Marqate, 1886. 

23 Maria Malforan, mezzo- 
soprano. dted, Manchester, 1 838. 


i KeppeJ, Viscount 
, admiral, dted, London, 


3 Alam-Fournier, writer, bom, La 
ChapeBe-d’Angfflon, 1886. 

4 Lennox Robinson, playwright 
bom, Dougias, co. Cork, 1886. 

6 WnUamTyndate, translator of 
the BIbte, executed, Vflvorde, 
Belgium, 1536. Antonio Sa echini, 
composer, died, Paris, 1786. 

7 Caroline Anne Bowler [Mrs 
RobertSouthey), poet bom, 1788. 
WKfiam Barnes, dialect poet died, 
Winterbourne Cams, Dorset 1888. 
15 Aflan Ramsay, poet bom, 
LeacWfls, Lanarkshire, 1 686. 
James Holman, the blind traveller, 
bom, Exeter. 1786. 

16' John Clifford, Baptist minister 
and social reformer, bom. Sawley, 
Derbyshire, 1830. David Ben- 
Gurion, first prime minister of 
Israel, 194&53. 1055-63, bom, 
PSonsk, Poland, 1886. 

17 Sir Philip Sidney, soldier and 
post efied, Arnhem, Netherlands, 
.1586. George Cobnan the younger, 
actor-manager, dted, London, 

20 Luka Free, naidgator, bom, HUH, 
1586. ■ 

27 Jamas Macphefson, • 
■‘translator'’ of Osalanlc poems, ■ 
bom, Rtrthven, Inverness-shire. 



28 Harvard College, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, founded, 1638, 
Statue of Liberty, New York 
(above), defeated, 1886. 

29 Henry Wefcy, eccentric, died, 
London, 1636. George WHflam 
Johnson, writer on gardening, died, 
London, 188a 


1 Nicholas Boiteau, poet and 
critic, bom, Paris, 16T 

2 Edward Colston, 
bom. Bristol, 1636. 
definition television service from 

Alexandra Palace inaugurated, . 

5 Charles Sanford Ten* .... 

historian and Bach scholar, died. 

Aberdeen, 1936. . 1 

8 Fted Archer, jodtey, committed U 

suicide, Newmarket 1 886, 

Carl Maria von Weber, composer ■■■■ 
bom Eutfn, Germany, 1786. Sir ’ . 

Wiraam Schvrenk Gilbert " 

dvS. r Nw E YSk° f . 
City, 188a :■ 

21 Sir Harold Nicoteon, efiptanat 
and author, bora, Tehran, 1888. 

26 John Loudon McAdam, 
roadmaker, died, Moffat, 
Dumfriesshire, 1836; 

27 Antoine Charles Vemea, 
painter, died, Paris, 1836. 

28 WUftam Hawes, founder cl the 
Royal Humane Society, bom. 

London, 1736. 

29 Sir FraxfisBumand, editor <jf 
Punch, 1880-1906, bom, London 
1836. . 

30 Crystal Palace, London, 
destroyed by fire, 1 936. 


1 Andrea GabrielU 
efied, Venice, 1 586. Mrs I 
Anne Paterson, trade unions 
organiser, dted, London, 1886. 
Severn tunnel opened for - : 
oassenaers. 1886. 

4 Richard Westail, ftistortcaT - 
painter, efied, London, 1 63SL . 

5 Constance Spry, flower • 
arranger, bom, Derby. 1886. 

10 Luigi Pirandello, ' 

Nobel laureate, 1 
1936. Abdication of 
and accession of 

11 John Mason, 

Hampshire, baptized, KJngfciynh, 

14 Frances Rkfley Haverg^po* 
and hymn writer, bom, Astisy, . - 
Worcestershire,! 836. ' . 

20 Ptetrc Raimondi, composer, 
bom. Rome. 1786. 

29 Joham Baptist Schenk,- 
composer, died, Vienna, 1836. ' 
Dame Famy Houston, 

Ion, 1 


1068 The Domesday Book (above) 
was completed. 

1586 Nicholas Stone, mason and . 
architect bom, Woodbury, Devon. 
1686 wnflamLaw.dergymanand 
author, bom, Kings CBne, 

1736 Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke OT 
Bridgewater, promoter of canals, 

1786 George Hopptawhite, qsdrtwt 
maker, died, London.' 

Compiled by 
Jack Lonsdale 



Spanish business quakes as the taxman cometh 


: -s~ : :■ : ■ 

^ : : 

Spain and Portugal 

The weekend starts here | joined the EEC this 

week, Richard Wigg 
takes a look at 
the implications 

T he 10 nations of the EEC 
became the 12 cations 
on Wednesday, when the 
co nun unity welcomed 
two of its poorest and most 
backward neighbours Spain and 
PortugaL Both countries had 
viewed cutty with mixed 
feelings. Portugal's pro-entry 
prime minister M&rio Soares 
was heavily defeated m last 
October’s general election, four 
months after the accession 
treaty was signed. And a British 

Mctaal FaiMnaon; afl mr to wand Ma mm 

A hotter desert island 

Michael Parkinson, chosen to fill Roy Plomlejr's 
distinguished chair on Desert Island Discs, is finding he 
has a soft act to follow. Instead of file relaxed Plomley 
style, interviewees will find it bard to forget their short 
time on the new desert island. The Times previews the 
guests in the hot seat, stranded with Parky. 


businessman with 30 
« ix 

_ Europe 

for Spaniards rather like Fran- 

experience of working in J>pain 
explained: -Joining Eu 

in Jordan 
The ancient city 

Busy bee 
on the beat 
with Sting 

to be won 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Time* 



co’s death, long expected but so 
one knows exactly what is going 
to happen when it occurs." 

Both countries quickly had 
their first taste of Europe with 
the introduction from day one 
of value added tax, although in 
Portugal the effect will be 
mulra by many exemptions, 
including foodstuHs. The aver- 
age Portuguese family budget 
simply could not stand the 
inflationary impact of VAT. 
The government, however, 
looks to it to boost revenues, 
since an estimated 60 per cent' 
of the Portuguese do sot pay the 
taxes they should. 

In Spain VAT has been 
labelled the European Tax in an 
attempt to shift its inevitable 
unpopularity. It sweeps aside a 
thicket of 25 Spanish taxes 
which were easier to avoid 
paying and which left tax 
inspectors in the dark about real 
levels of economic activity. 

Howls of anguish have come 
from business men. in some 
cases now likely to pay taxes for 

“Our tariffs arc to be cut back 
10 per cent from March; and 
halved over the next three 
years. And in the spring we’ve 
got the annual wage nego- 
tiations, at least 8 per cent on 
Labour costs”. In the past two 
years 25 of Spain's 300 toy 
manufacturers have folded.** 
Spain has 500,000 small and 
medium-sized firms which, 
protected by licences, quotas, 
and the export subsidies, simply 
feh no need to merge. 

■ji Spain's food industry, 

theoretically well-placed to 

Iberian images; detail from Picasso’s Guernica (left) 
and the Christo Ba on the bank of the Tagus, Lisboa 

the first time. Fear of the 
taxman has brought frenzied 
attempts to learn about VAT 
these last weeks. 

Yet it is quite possible that 
British tourists will lordly 
notice the effects of VAT on 
their spending money. One of 
the most popular holiday areas, 
the Canaries, is exempt from 


One of the key strategy 
decisions taken, by the Bank of 
Spain and :he government will 
be to continue the peseta’s 
ccntrc&d slide next year to 
keep Spain's exports competi- 
tive in EEC markets. VAT rates 
- 6 per cent on not}4uxury 
restaurants and passenger trans- 
port - reflect a policy decnaoa 
to protect Spain's primary 
fbreign ^c ^ M^gin «tr from 

Pedro, a Barcelona toy 

manufacturer employing 170 
people, is a typical example of 
those who flourished in the 
highly protectionist economy 
built by foe Franco regime- At 
present less than 10 per cent of 
foe toys Spanish children play 
with are foreign -made, but in a 
seven-year period after joining 
the EEC Spain must dismantle 
her industrial tariffs. These 
averaged about IS per cent on 
EEC imports but were often 
higher, nearly 40 per cent in foe 
case of British cars. 

"Whatever the government 
says, how can we possibly 
calculate our position?*, Pedro 
asks dismayed. “Besides foe 
VAT on our in-puts, from 
January 1 we are going to lose 
an export rebate which was 7 
per cent on our total exports, 
and 60 per cent of those were 
going to the EEC 

I enter EEC markets. 250 
-•“partially or completely 
foxrign-owned firms, headed by 
Nestle, already account for half 
the total turnover. 

Scftor Angel panero, chair- 
man of Spain’s confederation of 
small and medium-sized firms, 
says gloomily: “We estimate up 
to 25 per cent of firms will 
disappear because of the EEC” 

Textiles, shoes and some 
petrochemicals from Portugal 
are already worrying their 
Spanish neighbouraPartoguese 
labour costs are about one third 
of those ia Catalonia. A trade 
agreement betwee n foe two 
countries provides for a four- 
year initial phase with import 
quotas for such sensitive prod- , 
ucts, bet after that foePonuguesd 
can freely enter Spanish mar- 

In a hard-sored political 
decision, taken by Seftor Gonza- 
lez and Setter Manuel Marin, 
his principal negotiator for .EEC 
accession. Spain's powerful 
citrus fruit and fruit and 
vegetables, rectors, already 
oriented towards EEC markets 
for years, have been set baric by 
a 10-year integration period, all 
to placate foe French. But 
Spam’s oranges and lemons, 
and early tomatoes loo, will in 
foe medium term enjoy an 
assured and highly profitable 
place in the Common Market 

To secure that trade-off in 
Mcditeranean products. Setter 
uonzaksrfaad to sacrifice .foe 

many small dairy formers of 
Northern Spain, foe elderly 
peasants of Galicia with their 
two cows who come into foe 
small towns daily and sefi their 
milk illegally (and unhygemc- 
ally). This age group is doomed 
anyway officials say. • 

A similar grotto will be 
affected by Portugal s accession. 
Small formers over 55 years old 
. will be offered bonuses to give 
up their smallholdings. Luis 
Vaieme De OBveria. minister of 
planning, aims to cut the 
□umber of formers by half | a 
foe next 10 years m an attempt 
to modernize foe industry. 

Almost' 80 per cent of the 
country's one million fa r m e rs 
own less than 10 acres of land . 
They still account for 28 per 
cent of the total active popu- 
lation yet Portugal has to 
import half its food. Cereal 
pnees are 30 per cent above the 
EEC average while productivity 

is less than one-third that of 
Portugal’s new rivals. 

rrncy units: there are 0-62 to the 
pound sterling). It has already 
received 725 million ECUs in 
pre-accession aid, but most of 
this has gone on infrastructure 
projects, little to agriculture. . . 

.These .aid programmes 
should make the EEC more 
popular with the Portuguese 
over the next three or four 
years. Television programmes . 
have revealed, that; even in pre- 
entiy year, ' many ordinary 
Portuguese had, no idea what 
the EEC was. 

Not so now Jn Spain, where 
on Wednesday, a public holi- 
day, Spanish taximen were 
giving foe public its firsttaste of 
VAT, using foe 6 per cent' tax 
increase to round up their fores, 
ignoring , foe pre^Hiristmas oil 
in petrol prides. . 



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with no simple solution 

Self-defence with style 

Suwh Kva«a 

' :-. s . ' The death of Mrs Cynthia 
5=c?is Jarrett from hypertensive heart 
' w-*' failure made headline news last 
October when it triggered the 
Tottenham- riots. Yet the 

• unreported overindulgence -of 

- smokers and drinkers this 

* Christmas may cost the coun- 
try more than the riots, in the 

- j- "long run. 

--•.V* r £ Between three and' four 
hundred thousand people die 
•::*£, from heart disease every year 
1 -'Z-r-'S in Britain - more than from 
cancer. Five million people in 
Britain suffer from hyperten- 

• .fusion thigh blood pressure) 
“’ i although most of them are 

mild hypertensives. 

--* : y Hspenension is a factor in 
most cardiovascular deaths but 
although it is now widely, 
accepted that to be hyperten- 
./.> sive is hazardous, few people 
know what norma) blood 
pressure is or how often it 
' should be measured. 

w Many people still think that 
sufferer from high blood 
“'pressure must be a sort of 
Colonel Blimp - choleric in 
temper and appearance: 
Others, confused by the medi- 
: r Ip^cal term for high blood 
■i^ea^pressure. .hypertension, vjsua- 
.TT^wiize the patient as emotionally. 

• -: r> unstable. There can be some 

truth in this; hypertensive 
people are often tense. The 
. r; truth is more surprising: 

moderately raised blood press- 
urc does not produce any signs 
or symptoms. 

Dr A. J. Mar- 
■ : r ¥ shall and Dr 

:v:-l \ D. W„ Barra tt, 

-■ • i /; working to- 

a h gether at the 

Ok. Bristol Royal 

’ Iofirm ary. 

BsfolaraSfcM analyzed the 
: ' - presenting symptoms of 50 
patients who were suffering 
from moderate to severe 
’ ' ’ hypertension. The results pub- 

; lished in The Practitioner show 

that even at this stage 17 
. ■ ■" patients were symplomless and 

a further 12 bad vague 
symptoms which, although in 
ail probability unrelated. to the 
^^^Bproblem of their blood press- 
had driven them to a 
doctor who had fortuitously 
•• ;• ’.taken it. 

“ l •’ At their first examination 21 
•• patients showed symptoms, 
bat these were due to compli- 
'■ cations. Eighteen had eye 
symptoms with Wuning of 
vision. Three patients had a 
stroke, lour had evidence of 

-Jfhat to Mood pressure? ; . 

t is the intermittent rise and fal of 
- -pressure within the arteries; the 
leak pressure, known as the 
systolic pressure, occurs when 
. he heart contracts. The lowest 
pressure is the diastolic pressure - 
ind coincides with the heart's 
■eiaxatkm. This is expressed as a 
igure, lor instance 130/80. The 
.. -.130 represents systoflc pressure, 
he 80 diastofic pressure. ■ 

Wirt is high Mood pressure? 

-The World Health Organization 
Jefmes it as being a reacting over 
- “;“i80/90mm/mercury but each case 
.-os to be considered tocBvWually. 

; " When does blood pressure' 
r ■squire Oiuh t re atme nt? 

rhe consensus seems to be when 

• ' i diastoHc exceeds 1 00 and/or a 
jystoOc pressure tops 180. 

• ‘ ' • How do I know if I have a 
wised Mood pressure? 

Unless the cfisease is already well 
i. i=.mDIIt«stabishedyouwlllnotknow 
, ; '.--inless you ask your doctor to take 
. k - A i^ih'-'rour blood pressure. This should 
done not loss than everyfiva 

Ifho is rarely to get Mgh Mood 

those with a famfly history of 
. cardiovascular disease. Die over- 

- wight, diabetics, people with a 
.aised cholesterol tovel. smokers . 

r'-md heavy drinkers. Hypertension 
•/ s twice as common in blacks as in 
: - vftrtBS. In 10 per cent of cases the 
% tsease is secondary to some 
. ither abnormality. The kiddence 

- - Tcrgasas with age and women are 

is likely to have high blood 
wessuro as men, allhougMhetr 



coronary bean disease and. two 
of. irregular cardiac : rhythms, 
Eevenaad kidney disease. 

' Although the dangers of high 
blood pressure are well under- 
stood, its definition has to be 
arbitrary. The World Health 
Organization decreed that the 
limits Of normality are 160/90, 
but the tendency not to treat 
blood pressure with drugs until 
the diastolic exceeds 100 on 
three separate occasions has 
been reinfbrced by the publi- 
cation of the Medical Research 
Council, report on its long trial 
on treatment ofmilffhyperten- 
sion. ■ 

This showed that treatment 
did reduce tbe incidence of 
strokes but, in order- to save- 
one extra life, 750 patients 
would have fo be prescribed 
lang-texm prophylactic drags. 

v .-Treatment of Mood pressure 
is done by stages; The mild 
hypertensives . are . .usually 
treated by stage one therapy, 

. without any drugs. Instead they 
. are-encouraged to take regular 
. brisks tmt not violent exercise, 
to lose wraghf and to stop 
smoking (smoking doubles the 
death- - rate in hypertensive 
patients): : 

-.■Diet; too, is discussed 
Alcohol. in excess should be 
avoided as • it is a - frequent 
cause of hypertension. Patients 
are encouraged to keep to four 
units of alcohol a day, two 
pints of beer or four small tots 
or four glasses of wine. 


liwr. • 
i w - 1 

incidence ot coronary throm- 
bosis, although there was some 
evidence that by taking beta 
blockers -the non-smoker might 
obtain some protection from 
coronary heart disease. 

In an cases the advantages 
and disadvantages of drag 
treatment have to be balanced. 
If the 750 patients could be 
treated without affecting their 
lifestyle, cost would be the only 
inhibitory factor (to treat every 
mild . hypertensive in -the 
country with drugs would cost 
tbe state an additional £150 
miliionayearj. - 

However, even first-stage 
treatment with well-known 
beta blockers such as proprano- 
lol (Inderal) or atcnol ol (T enor- 
mtn) produces side effects. -in 
many patients. These may 
vary, but many beta blockers 
cause - raid extremities, tired 
legs, breathlessness, and in- 
somnia with vivid dreams and 
blumng vision. They can also 
have - serious ifi-enbets on 
patients with asthma or incipi- 
ent heart failure. 

' Despite die disadvantages of. 
treatment the consensus is that 
a blood . pressure of over 
160/100 heeds drag therapy. 


mortality rate from it is tower. They 
are also more Hwy to be having 
adequatetreatmenL - - - - 

Are most hyp e rt en si v e 
patients being treated? 

No. Various surveys have been 
Cone and avenln the best 
doctored areas only half the cases 
are detected and treated. The 
figure is 25 per oent Insane 
regions. .' 

What are the compfieaiJansJf 
hypertension hr not treated? 

High blood pressure causes 
damage to the heart teadingtolaft 
ventricular heart faHure; to the 
kidneys it can cause renal failure; 
to tte brain it causes cerebral 
oedema anddamage to the 
cerebral arteries that may result in 
strokes; to the eyes it may injure 
the retina. There is a ctose 
relationship wtttrcoronary heart 
disease. " , • . 

What are the symptoms of 
the complications? 

Heart dseaseiviH cause excess- 
ive breathlessness during exer- 
dse andoccasfcnaBy at night 
Angina or toterniittert'eramp to the 
legs during exercise may alert the 
doctor tofapoejBlbnityof 

Brain damage may iead to a futl- 
btown stroke or a transient toss of 
consciousness, power or sen- 
sation- Headarimpartteidariy at 
the back of the head; are worse in 
the mornings and are associated 
with eye symptoms or nausea. 
With renal failure, the patient wffl 
notice increasing tiredness, pallor 

To clear our showrooms we are offering display stock at a i 
30% - 40% off But hurry to far tire botefcoiarf 


An- elegant Korean 
form of martial 
art is eminently 
suitable for women 
says Heather Kirby 

W e women have been 
brain-washed into 
thinking we are the 
weaker sex, that we 
cannot fight off an attacker. Yet 
this is completely untrue; Given 
the right training we could see 
off a muscle-bound pervert with 
at least enough force to escape. 

For most of us, teetering 
along in our high beds and slim 
skins, the idea of throwing men 
. twice ' our weight over our 
shoulders has always seemed an 
impossible feat. But hap-ki-do, 
a once secret martial art 
practised only in Korea, could 

chang e all that. - 

Hap-ki-do, (literally 

“together-energy-way,”) is 
purely combative. Unlike the 
sports of judo and karate it has 
no rules and is more vicious. 
But it is elegant, sneaky and, 
according to Britain’s leading 
‘martial arts instructor Frederick 
Adam s, ideal for women. 

You don’t need to be strong. 
You use the attacker’s force 
against himself. There are a 
minimum of 600 techniques 
and although it can take years to 
learn some of the advanced 
ones, useful methods of dealing 
with an attacker can be learnt 
amazingly quickly. 

Mr Adams, a 53-year-old 
prison officer from Taverham, 
Norwich, is chairman of the 
Amateur Karate Association 
and runs 17 clubs throughout 
the country. With his grey hair 
and spectacles, he looks an 
unlikely candidate to have 16 
black belts in various martial 
arts and be the man who trains 
SAS instructors in close com- 
bat He recently started self- 
defence classes for senior 
citizens and is so concerned 
about the increasing number of 
violent attacks on women that 
he is launching a campaign to 
teach hap-ki-do nationally. 

I learnt enough in one 
afternoon to fed that if I were 
attacked there were quite a few 
very nasty things I could do to 
defend myself One of the 
arguments often put forward 
against female-orientated self- 
defence programmes is that 
women are too gentle to hurt 
anyone.. Now I wonder if it is 
really an intrinsic part of our 
female nature or more the result 
of social conditioning? 

We are probably squeamish; 
when Mr Adams described 
some of his counter-measures I 
found myself wincing in disgust, 
but after practising a few 
techniques in his living-room 
and finding out just how much 
pain I could inflict without too 
much effort, it was surprising 
how soon 1 started to enjoy this 
new feeling of power. When a 
martial arts expert slaps his leg. 
that means he is in pain and 
you should stop. Mr Adams 
frequently slapped his leg, 
beaming at my prowess. 

“Some of the moves are so 
easy they are silly", he says. 
“The biggest problem we have 
with women is their attitude. 
They are taught to be passive 
and don^ realize they have a lot 
of power. Women should think 
‘I am. I can, I wilT. 

“Though we must be careful 
not to give them false confi- 
dence, there are many things 
women can do to save them- 
selves and action often solves 
panic. For instance, no matter 
how tough a man is. or bow 
much body-building be has 
done, be cannot strengthen his 
lips. If you grab them between 
your finger and thumb, digging 
your in, then pull and 

If their choles- 
terol is raised a 
low- cholesterol 
diet is ' rec- 
ommended. Tbe 
evidence for 
and - against a ' 

t — t low sodium 

and/or a higher potassium salt 
intake is controversiaL but it 
seems that some patients, are 
salt-sensitive. These will re- 
spond to a salt restricted diet 
whereas others may- not and 
some may even note an 
increase 1 in Mood pressure on a 
low salt diet; which ismsuaDy 
givenatriaL -• 

Patients whose diastolic is 
between 90 and 100 should see 
their doctors regularly so that 
blood pressure can be esti- 
mated and lifestyle analyzed. 
Moderate hypertension can 
usually be controlled by beta 
blockers, diuretics or a combi- 
nation of both. This is stage 
two of treatment. 

■Stage three involves the use 
of other drugs, either in 
isolation or in combination. 
The usual first choice in this 
category is nifedipine (AdalatX 
a vasodflatory calcium antag- 
onist Two other drugs fre- 
quently used are prazosin 
(Hypo vase), and hydraliziDe 
(Apresoline): these two - can 
give rise to troublesome side 
effects and hydralazine oc- 
casionally causes a serious skin 

Recently another group of 
drugs, the ACE inhibitors (the 
angiotensin-converting enzyme 
inhibitors) have become avail- 
able in general , practice. It is 
still too eariy to be cer tain that 
they are free of serious side 
effects, but initial reports are 
encouraging and it-may be that 
in time they will become first- 
stage drugs. ^ 

arid may find ftiat he or she is 
drinking more and passing more 
urine, (^symptoms indude 
blurring or sudden Joss of vision 
and an Increase in floaters. 

What aro tbe commonly Bead 

Tha beta blockers, by now an 
enormous group of drugs. The two 
best known aretenomw? and 
propranotol. ' 

The diuretics, usually a thiazide 
diuretic such as bendrofluazkte, 
but other potassium sparing 
diuretics can be used. 

Other drugs Include calcium 
antagonists, such as nifedipine; 
ACEstabffizers, captoprtl and 
enalaprfl; and prazosin, ■ 
hydralazine and methyl dopa. 

Wifl there ba any aida-affacts 
of treatment? 

Almost certainty so aH treatment of 
blood pressure haste be taflor- 
made for the patient ft may be 

different treatments to ftod the 
best tor an indMdual and this 
regular attendance and detailed 
(Scusston is essential. 

If my Mood pres su re la only 
jast above 1 60/90 wffl I naed 
to take (bugs for the rest of 

The doctor wH want to check your 
btood pressure on at least three 
occasions, varying according to 

the time ot day and your activities. 
AH is raised only rrimnaiy he wfll 
probably not give you drugs 
unless wxi belong to a high-risk 
group, in which wffl both 
have to weigh up Ihe situation 


Dr Thomas Stuttaford 

! • : -C 

t'-'j *■■■■ 

Frederick Adams and a pupil demonstrate the thumbs under cheeks (top), lip twist (left), and the knuckle punch (right) 

twist in opposite directions, that 
will hurt. There arc shades of 
pain from the reasonable to the 
excruciating so you can deride 
how much you want to use.” 

The question of whether to 
counter-attack at all is one 
which each woman must deride 
for herself Chief Superintend- 
ent Sheila Ward, who is a self- 
defence instructor for the 
Metropolitan Police, says: “She 
has to live noth the effects of the 
decision, but I believe a woman 
should be riven the skills to 
fight back effectively so that she 
is in a position to choose." 

6 Women should 
not see themselves 
as helpless 9 

. She emphasizes: “It is of vital 
importance that women don’t 
see themselves as helpless and 
hopeless. The way women’s 
physical frailty is used to keep 
them down in lots of ways is an 
important issue. The atmos- 
phere in which that attitude 
thrives is detrimental to 
women. You are undervalued if 
you are vulnerable and why 
should a woman be made to feel 
like that? 

“I would like to see a two- 
year self-defence programme 
taught in schools to gins from 
14 upwards, linked to a crime 
prevention input as well we 
would be breeding a whole new 
generation of aware people. If 
we could take away the 
automatic perception that 
women are vulnerable we 
would reduce the likelihood of 
them being attacked. 

“Such a programme does not 
call for athletiasin. There is an 
art in using a woman's strength 
which does not depend on i 
height or weight. We have 
taught 1.000. groups in London, 
including tbe elderly, blind and 
physical ly handicapped, so 
there is no reason for any 
woman to believe there is 
nothing she can do to defend 

Mr Adams, who has practised 

martial arts for 46 years and 
trained in hap-ld-do for IS. 
insists it is an an form for ladies 
and gentlemen but not children. 
”h is very elegant and requires 
a good deal of finesse”, he says. 
“But because it has no rules, 
just as a rapist does not operate 
within rules, we have to be very 
careful about our teaching 
methods. We have different 
levels for the public, the police 
and the army, and we wouldn’t 
want children knowing too 
much otherwise they could go 
around breaking each other's 

Prudence is a word Mr 
Adams uses frequently; it sums 
up the philosophy of the 
hapkidoist. who is taught to 
avoid conflict- But for women 
who frequently have to go out 
alone in the dark, or nurses in 
an emergency ward on a 
Saturday night, for instance, 
prudence is not always an 
option. Elementary precautions 
can be taken, but in a country 
where carrying any kind of 
weapon is illegal, hap-ki-do can 
show women how to use the 
mugger's weapon, even a knife, 
against himself. 

It was a revelation to me, an 
averagely-unfit mother over 40, 
to discover how easy it is to 
fight back. The idea, so often 
mentioned, that by teaching 
women self-defence we will all 
turn into aggressive Am azo- 
mans is absurd. We need to 
explode the myth of our 
supposed weakness and we 
don’t have to acquire another 
silly persona in order to do it. 

©row Ncwqmpoa tinted. 198*. 

0 Never wear a scarf with the 
two ends dangling down your 
back: it could be used to garrotte 

O Don’t fumble in your hand- 
bag for a key. always have it 
ready long before you reach the 
loch. It can be a useful weapon. 

• Keep one hand near your 
chin so that you can't be 
strangled from behind. 

O Stand with your feet in a T- 
shape and remember bent legs 
have more power than straight 

• Have a shrill whistle near 
your mouth, ou a string that 
snaps easily. 

• Shout Fire! not Rape! or 

Help! Sadly more people are 
likely to take notice. 

• If someone grabs you round 
the throat, turn sideways then 
force your fingers down the 
hollow below his Adam’s apple. 

• If you are gripped at the 
wrist, break free by spreading 
yoor fingers wide and m a kin g a 
circle towards your stomach. 

• If you are piuned against a 
wall, dig your nails In and grab 
tbe flesh at either side of his 
spine at waist level. Dig, 
squeeze and pull apart - hard. 

• If you were in a headlock 
you could grab the flesh in the 
inside of his thigh with finger 
and thumb. Pinch, twist and 
pull. It is like being burnt (try it 
on yourself). 

• Make a fist and with a 
pointed knuckle, either the 
index or middle finger, screw 
into the septum, just under the 

nose, or up and down ribs like 
playing a washboard, or under 
the angle of the jawbone. 

• Think of punching through 
the body, not at it. So punch at 
tbe back of the head, not the 
chin, at the spine, not the chest. 

• When on the ground, always 
bring one knee up to the chest so 
it will be difficult to pin you 
down. You will roll like a ball. 

t A woman's best weapons are 
her feet (and nails). Low kicks 
are banned in karate because 
they are too dangerous. A kick 
at ihe knee cap and the attacker 
will be stopped in his tracks. 

§ If someone comes at you 
with a punch, go outside of his 
body, grab his hair or collar and 
pall him backwards. 

P If someone grabs yon by the 
lapels, push two fingers under 
his earlobes and thumbs under 
cheeks. The strongest person in 
the world will have to let go. 

• If someone grabs you from 
behind, make a fist with a 
pointed knuckle and bang hard 
on the back of his hand. 

P A punch from a short 
distance has more power than 
one coming from a long way 

P For a woman, a palm-heel 
strike Is super-effective. She has 
more power in her open palm 
than she imagines. 

P A palm-heel strike under the 
chin, especially if his mouth is 
slightly open, can fracture his 

Sacks of sophisticated junk 

So that was Christmas, and here 
we are already into tbe next 
seasonal rite - tbe petting out of 
big Mack plastic sacks fall of 
rubbish. How many have you 
filled this time? Are yon the first 
in your road to break double 
figures? Or was that last year? 
The quantity of 'Vuletide refuse 
that we generate really does, 
fike so much else, seem to be 
getting out el hand. 

Remember dustbins - those 
handy iftite metal jobs with a lid 
on? Not so Long ago your 
average family could get aS its 
rubbish, all the year round, into 
one of those - i credible, isn’t 
ft? Today most of us would need 

a dustbin eS Martello tower 
proportions plus extra black 
l ag for Christmas, of course. 

The Mack refuse sack - or bin 
finer as tt h sometimes called as 
a mark of respect - is like cfin$- 
film and the kitchen roll m 
poring tbe question: what on 
earth did we do before it was 
invented? Tbe real question, of 
course^ is: why did we feel no 
need of it until it was invented? 

1 In the case of efing-ffim these 
are deep waters, tat. with yonr 
Mack sack there are some 
answers. Before they - were 
aroand we generated less 
rubbish because packaging was 
less - er - sophisticated, and 
anyway, there was much less 

plastics and yonH discover how 
much times hare changed (if yon 
sravive the femes). 

The “packaging revolution" 
has no doubt been the chief 
culprit Every toothbrush or 
ball-point now comes in a 
preposterous bubble-pack from 
which ft can wily be extricated 
by brute force. Aj /thing larger 
is likely to be packed in 
moulded polystyrene or shock- 
proofed with Mis of plastic 
paste which weigh nothing and 
fall out all over tbe floor. 

The only things which are 
ctfn ftefced in flimsy cardboard 
are those where sturdy packag- 
ing would actually be useful - 
notably children’s toys and 
jigsaws, whose boxes are in- 
variably pancake-flat and spiff- 
ing pieces after a.few days’ wear 

.system looking for useless stuff is all lor throwing oat, and 
tilings to buy. Also, what so the rubbish mou ntain grows. 
rubbish; w® did generate could Those of us with tender 
often be got rid of in the home: ecological consciences - patfeirtc 
but try burning a few selected Canute figures waist-deep m the 

advancing tide of debris - still 
do our bit 'by malting regular 
pilgrimages to the tattle bank. 
Toiling to our local facility with 
a bulging dinidmg carrier bag in 
either hand, each time I feel 
more like a secret dipsomaniac 
or one of those loony “bag 
people" you see wandering the 
streets. Before long, I know, 
those won’t be empty bottles bat 
an unbroken run of Lloyd’s List 
from 1958, heavily annotated, 
and m be m at te ring darkly at 
passers-by and smiting the air 
with both bags. 

But for the rest, it's a case of 
stave it in the big Mack bag. It 
may spEt in the process, of 
course, and once outside it may 
fail prey to the focal dogs, cats, 

foxes, hooligans and anyone 
else whose idea of fun is 
scattering putrid refuse about 
the place. Bat still, where would 
we be without them? Where will 
we be in, say, 20 years’ time? 
Ouq the bag be manufactored 
that will cope with oar refuse 
disposal needs then? On present 
trends, it will be the size of a 
small room. 

By then, no doubt, Santa wffl 
be lumbering from chimney to 
chimney with a big black plastic 
bag over his shoulder. And we’ll 
have cut out all that tedious 
intermediary business by simply 
each other fancy packag- 

>vi v^iaj aauuoo — uku ii uui 

go straight into the sack. 

Nigel Andrew 

@TteeiNr*spipcnLfete& 1986 


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«3l* «B*ii 

















Think small: Labour’s line for ’86 

David Watt 



Abcrfan doesn't know it. but it was 
paid a surreptitious visit b> Lord 
Snowdon shortly before Christmas. 
He went early one morning, took a 
bare minumum of photographs of 
the town that was hit by a coal-tip 
avalanche in 1 966. and slipped away 
again. The photographs are for a 
hook called My Wales by his friend 
Lord Ton\pandy. the former Speak- 
er. George Thomas, with whom he is 
collaborating He tells me he made 
the mp to Aberfan with great 
reluctance. It was the firs! time he 
hud relumed there since the disaster 
- the night of which he spent 
consoling bereaved parents. Apart 
from the emotional strain, he feared 
his photography might be resented 
as an intrusion. Totiypandy. though, 
was Welsh Minister at the time of" 
the disaster. “However much it 
lingers in my mind, it's part of 
George Thomas's Wales and I 
thoughiii would have been wrong to 
have left it out." says Snowdon. 

Pass the bucks 

The recent visit to America of the 
Pnnee and Princess of Wales has left 
the British embassy in Washington 
financially embarrassed, and Fleet 
.Street’s royal hacks arc being asked 
to help out. Yesterday a number of 
ihcm received the following letter 
from the embassy's first secretary. E. 
H. Hughes: "During the royal visit 
to Washington you used the press 
buses and paid for them at the time 
/1 00 dollars). I am sorry to bring 
unscasonal greetings but 1 am afraid 
that with overtime the cost of the 
buses was considerably higher than 
we anticipated ... 1 must ask you to 
pay a further £75. or 1 1 2 dollars." 
The response of one hack vesterdav: 
Forget it. 

• The City must have choked over 
the big advertisement on page 3 of 
yesterday's strife-tom Daily Tele- 
graph advertising a Telegraph 
Publications book entitled Sunday 
Telegraph. 101 Ways to Run a 
Business Profitably. 


John Sparrow, former warden of AH 
Souls, will be sorry to learn from the 
newly-released 1955 Cabinet papers 
i hat he was not first choice to chair a 
proposed committee of inquiry' on 
coloured immigration. He will be 
even more distressed at the reason 
why the man who was first thought 
of. the judge Lord Radcliffe. was 
passed over. Sir Norman Brook, the 
starchy Cabinet secretary, sent a 
memo suggesting Lord Radcliffe 
"should be reserved for subjects: 
which arc more complex or difficult 

Of all the Labour Pany’s self-infljcied 
wounds none is so fatal as its habit of 
thinking big. At any time the party is likely 
to view political life in terms of very large 
issues and commitments. It starts From 
visions of changing the world and works 

One ill effect of this habit is on the 
rhetoric of the parly, in which words like 
“radical”, •■massive’* and “fundamental** 
arc small change- It clogs our language with 
abstractions like cabbage leaves in a sink. 
The most recent joint Labour Paity-TUC 
statement runs for more than 800 words 
before it uses a concrete noun. 

Thinking big at any time is likely to 
generate language to bore the electors. But it 
has even worse effects for the party at 

Since 1979 we have chosen to fight Mrs 
Thatcher on big issues in the national life - 
unemployment, the economy, industry, 
public services, privatization, defence, local 
government, taxes and social security. Of 
the big issues the only one which consist- 
ently wins or holds support for Labour is the 
health service (and the welfare state in 
general). The others, even those on which 
the polls suggest that our polices are 
favoured by the electors, do not. 

The trouble with big issues is that people 
do not think they affect daily life. Worse still 
they may believe the problems are too big 
for any government to make an impact on 

by Richard Heller 

them. That is especially true of un employ* 
mem, the most important issue today. 
Broadly speaking the British people regard 
mass unemployment as a natural disaster, 
beyond the control, of government a 
punishment, perhaps, for national sins such 
as living beyond our means and not working 
hard enough. This is meat and drink to Mrs 
Thatcher: no leader has been so welt 
qualified - or done so much' - to benefit 
from the national masochism. 

The state of the NHS is Labour's only 
consistently successful big issue because 
people believe it to be directly controlled by 
the government, which alone can improve 
it But the NHS in itself is not enough to 
form a campaign for the Labour Party. 

If other big issues are of no political use to 
us. we should make a New Year resolution 
to start thinking small. We should concen- 
trate on how the meanness of Mrs 
Thatcher's policies as affected everyday life: 
schools with holes in the roof and no inside 
lavatories: schoolchildren who do not get 
swimming or music lessons; old people 
losing outings or being given cheaper, 
nastier meals; buses which do not run; 
streets badly lit and swept, or left derelict; 
parks and public property' neglected and 
vandalized: rivers and canals clogged with 
filth. AU over the country dreary and 

unpleasant things are happening every dayr 
Labour should find these things and exploit ■' 

We should concentrate on issues where 
people know that the government can make' 
a difference - and on issues which Mrs 
Thatcber cannot evade. People mightacoept 1 
“world recession” as an excuse for mass 

class "generalist” .education 
instil the kind of self*<Si_ 
scepticism that would enable a mar 

MtforleavSg a hoie^ ^make reliable practical \ ■*. 

their child’s school roof. People might view, agreement with it, w the permanent mem* f « 

the collapse of British manufacturing secretary of the department eon- Th co ^ f 

industry as a ju^cment of providence. They cemed. confoSnity and 
do not have the same view of waiting for an ar of ttot » Bn d of couree it was not : . 

hours in the ram for a bus. For that they both until very late in ihe day/Sl' ‘ ’ 
wish to blame somebody. They may start by yes. But David is a o women might need the 'sW'V 

blaming the bus company, but from there it :* haooens to all qualities. But still, the system at ft.-’ 

~ * J ^ in foe ffi have not at 53. best taught people to stand on bratfVv -• ' 

ouite foe age when all general principles, to clear 

sSmiaries begin to look minds of cam. to be suspicious v . . 

is only a small series of steps to blame the 

Labour should stop trying to sell 
grandiose, abstract chunks of policy' and 
instead focus on the many different issues, 
which affect local and personal life. The 
individual schools repaired; the particular 
streets lit the specific houses renewed; extra 
buses running; parks and playgrounds cared 
for; rivers cleaned or canals restored. 

Everywhere in Britain there are-useful and 
cheerful things to be done. Let us find them, 
promise them - and then do them. 

The author is political adviser to Gerald 
Kaufman, MP, Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs. 


Lady Howe, wife of Sir Geoffrey. 
nruzr ba\c been a good student at 
ihc London School of Economics. 
Haring graduated last summer with 
a lower second, she has just been 
made a governor, along with such 
luminaries as Saatchi and Saatchi's 
Maurice Saatchi, former LSE head 
Ralf Dahrendorf. Labour MP Frank 
Dobson and the Municipal Workers’ 
John Edmonds. Although "absol- 
utely delighted" the bubbly Lady H 
could not have been entirely 
surprised: "A letter putting my name 
forward [to be a govern or] crossed 
with my application to be a student 
three years ago. We all decided it 
was best if I wait." 


Bailey Morris on the implications of the multi-billion squeeze 


In a maximum security area of the 
Pentagon, the US Joint Chiefs of 
Staff arc planning tbe unthinkable: 
the abrupt "build-down” of the 
cherished military “build-up" which 
has been the lop priority of Ronald 
Reagan's administration. 

Against their will, with the 
reluctant acquiescence of the presi- 
dent. the military chiefs are attempt- 
ing to put on paper the amount and 
kind of programmes which will have 
to be cut as a result of the deficit- 
reduction legislation endorsed by 
Reagan and passed by Congress on 
December 1 1. 

It is a chaotic task. Belatedly, 
officials are beginning to realize the 
consequences. By the end of his 
second term. Reagan may have to 
preside over the largest dismantling 
of US military power since the end 
of the Korean war in the early 1950s. 

On a chan, this sharp reversal of 
policy would look like a pyramid: 
one line shooting upward, represent- 
ing the biggest defence build-up in 
American peacetime history, fol- 
lowed by a line shooting downward, 
representing - by 1991 - the third 
largest reduction in history, ex- 
ceeded only by the post-Korea and 
second World War periods. 

Linder the inflexible formula of 
the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings legis- 
lation. whole divisions could be 
disbanded: important weapons sys- 
tems dclavcd or cancelled; more 
than 50.000 of the 300.000 US 
troops defending Europe recalled: 
the M-t tank programme, a priority 
for the administration, stripped to a 
bare minimum: funding of peace- 
keeping forces in Lebanon and 
Cyprus eliminated: the Navy's 
ambitious plan to modernize 26 
ships during the coming financial 
year cut to 1 2 or even fewer. 

What this means to the world at 
large, and to the United States 
specifically, is an issue now under 
the microscope, in ihe 1986 fiscal 

L S armoured might in Germany: some divisions would be cut, others totally disbanded 

Can Reagan 
live with this 
arms U-turn? 

year, when only an estimated $5.5 
billion must be subtracted from the 
Pentagon's budget, the issue is not 
very grave. But in the 1987 fiscal 
year, when the figure could be more 
than $25 billion (£1 7.6 billion) out 
of a total of $277,5 billion, ihe cuts 
become draconian. 

This partial unilateral disarma- 
ment would occur just as Reagan 
entered the second stage of his 
summit talks with the Soviet leader. 
Mikhail Gorbachov - seriously 
weakening his negotiating position, 
in the opinion of senior adminis- 
tration officials. Caspar Weinberger, 
the embattled Defence Secretary, 
perhaps put it best when he 

could achieve by legislative flat what 
the Soviets failed to achieve at 
Geneva,” said a lop Republican aide 
on the Senate armed services 
committee. “That is. to halt any real 
progress on the Strategic Defence 
Initiative" (the so-called Star Wars 

Les Aspin. the Democratic chair- 
man of the House of Representa- 
tives armed services committee, said 
in an interview- "If this legislation 
goes into effect as written, it is going 
to be very, very dangerous, a serious 
threat to the national security.” 

How did this happen to a 
president, elected in part because of 
his promise to stand up to Soviet 
military pressure by launching a 
defence build-up to dose, once and 
for alL a dangerous "window of 

“Only if the Soviets recognize the 
West's determination to modernize 
its own military' forces will ibev see 
an incentive to negotiate a verifiable 
agreement establishing equal lower 

reading the fine print. Under the 
procedures established by the 
legislation, if Congress and the 
administration cannot agree on 
overall cuts that would reduce the 
deficit to $144 billion in the 19S7 
fiscal year, a computer will take 

It would preside over an oigy of 
programme slashing that would 
result in a systematic redaction of 
US military ’power. At worst this 
would mean not the 3 per cent 
growth requested by the administra- 
tion but a 3 per cent cut in fiscal 
1986 and up to 10 percent in 1987. 

Fed with data prepared by the 
non-partisan congressional budget 
office and the president's office 
of management and budget, the 
computer will slash, across-the- 
board and without exception, defence 
programmes and unexempted domes- 
tic programmes from October. 

In the current fiscal year, when 
the Pentagon has to make cuts 
totalling $5.5 billion by March, it 
can decide for itself where the axe 

, «... ' ? c levels of nuclear arms." Reagan had “* 

described the December 11 legjs- said. “Verv simply, that is oneof the should falL In 1987 it will have no 

lit to main ibiwm mud n4i<nlrl niir such flexibility: cuts will be made 

'lf<; new: a cross between Diplomacy. 
Monopoly and Trhial Pursuit’ 


Even the humble ‘■self-employed" 
ran get into the Garrick Club these 
days, as the speedy admission of one 
member shows. The new boy was 
perhaps able to barge to the head of 
the two-year queue because he was 
proposed by the Duke of Edinburgh 
and seconded by Donald Sinden. 
His name: Prince Charles. 

Dear diary 

Tile Observer, it seems, disposed too 
hastily of its copy of Narcndra 
Serbia's diary after publishing his 
account of the Belgrano sinking. The 
former officer of the submarine 
Conqueror is now suing The 
Ohiencr for libel and for breach of 
copyrighi in publishing the extract 
in 1984. Just before Christmas. I 
icam. The Observer's lawyers ap- 
plied to the High Court for an order 

• that Scfoia’s solicitor. Philip Lucas, 
produce another copy of the diary 

• for use in the action. The hearing 

was adjourned. Lucas cannot see 
'what relevance the diary has to the 
case, and has obtained a letter from 
the Ministry of Defence saying the 
diary is classified and that the 
: Defence Secretary, Michael Hesel- 
tins. would take the necessary action 
to prevent The Observer receiving a 
ccpy. p HS 

lotion as "a message of comfort to 
the Soviet Union". 

By the summer, when Gorbachov 
is tentatively scheduled to make his 
first visit to the United States, 
administration and congressional 
budget officials will be deeply 
immersed in the divisive task of 
slashing domestic and defence 
programmes by a total estimated at 
more than $50 billion. 

Even congressional critics of the 
fivc->ear $1,000 billion US military 
build-up are astonished by the 
implications of the cuts required 
under the legislation. "This bill 

main reasons we must rebuild our 
defence strength." 

Yet he signed the Gramm-Rud- 
man-Hollings legislation into law on 
December 12, over the strong 
objections of Weinberger and of 
James Baker, the Treasury Sec- 
retary. who served formerly as 
White House Chief of Staff, and 
other trusted advisers. 

It happened, in the opinion of 
Aspin, senior Republicans and 
disgruntled Pentagon officials, 
because the White House bought a 
concept - deficit reduction - without 

equally in every programme - 
manpower, weapon systems, ships, 
bases and military aid to other 
nations. There are no rights of 
appeaL no leeway to trade off one 
programme in favour of another. 

Since some of the largest domestic 
programmes arc exempted - social 
welfare, a portion of Medicare - the 
cuts will fell disproportionately hand 
on defence and the remaining 
domestic programmes - prisons, air: 
traffic control, the FBI. drug 
enforcement, transport and so on. 

"This is a ludicrous way to run 

the government. It is not a rational 
process. You lose the' ability to 
choose. You may have to sacrifice 
readiness. The computer is not going 
to answer the question nf who will 
defend Europe if US troops pull 
out." said Robert Komer. a defence 
analyst for the Rand Corporation. 

It’ is not inconceivable that the 
Nato allies could be asked for as 
much as $10 billion (£7.4 billion) 
extra per year to compensate. 

One immediate casualty of a US 
troop pullback would be the recent 
agreement, engineered by Britain 
and West Germany, on mutual and 
balanced force reductions tn Europe. 
Under a proposal approved on 
December 5, the United States and 
the Soviet Union agreed to modest,: 
symbolic reductions - 5.000 and 
11.000 troops respectively. 

European officials also fear that 
dramatic reductions in the Amer - 
'can defence position will make it 
almost impossible to extract con- 
cessions from the Soviet Union in 
the Geneva arms negotiations. 

Indeed, the potential, conse-. 
qucnces of the legislation are so 
disastrous that few people believe it 
will be implemented. It has already 
been challenged on constitutional 
grounds in a federal lawsuit filed by 
Mike Synar. a House Democrat. 

Senate Republicans, who strongly 
supported the legislation, believe it 
will at long last force Reagan to 
agree to a tax increase, perhaps in 
the form of a tax on petrol, rather 
than accept the cuts. 

Others predict that, by next 
summer, when the tough fiscal 
choices must be made, the president 
will stage a highly theatrical event, 
perhaps a “summit” with con- 
gressional leaders, to ask that the 
legislation be waived in the interests 
of national security. This would give 
all parties a face-saving way out of a 
chaotic situation in an important 
mid-term election year. 

But Les Aspin doabts if there will 
be a tidy solution. "This legislation 
was underestimated from the begin- 
ning. Nobody, including the While 
House, believed it would pass. But it 
still keeps going forward and we do 
not know what it means.” 

permanent secretanes is 
the stage before it I have been 
sufficiently shaken to ask nrnclf, a* 
a New Year exercise, whether the 
charge is true and, if so, if there is 
anything 1 should do about it. _ 

A literal-minded defence is not 

too hard to construct. For am I not 
the very model of a modern 

communicator? I watch i televOTon; l 

zoom round the world in. 747s. r 
keep up with the political, gossip ot 
dozens of countries; I am instructed 

by my children in “teenspeak and 
the finer points of the charts. 

Am I not the possessor ot a 
computer which I have learnt how 
to manipulate for all sorts of 
professional purposes? Can L not 
summon up a vast library of facts on 
my desk at the touch of a button? 

"Yes”, replies the disembodied 
voice from Whitehall, "blit your 
mmd is irredeemably stuck in the 
1960s and a lot of your attitudes in 
the 19th century. You are an elitist 
with a typically useless Oxbridge 
classical education. You belong to.a 
class and a generation that cannot 
understand the ruthless, competitive 
modem world. 

. "You are hung up on all sorts of 
outdated, bicn-ponsant notions like 
the .welfare state and consensus 
politics and the Robbins Report and 
the Atlantic community and the 
European ideal and economic aid to 
the Third World. You sometimes 
sound like Ted Heath, for God's 
sake! 1 . Your sort made up the old 
Establishment, and a right mess you 
made of-. it Thank heavens Mrs 
Thatcher and her lot came and 
swept you all away." 

There are a lot of possible replies 
to this list of crimes, ranging from. 
"WelL there were actually, some 
aspects of the welfare state I never 
approved of" to “You’re from the 
same background as me, Mr 
Permanent Secretary, and you used 
to say and stand for most of the 
things that 2 do until self-interest 
caused you to adopi the Prime 
Minister's coloration." 

But these do not really lake the 
argument much . further. .Wc fiavc 
alL in fact, had to change our tunes 
drastically in the last 20 years - 
partly because of Britain's continued 
economic- weakness, partly because 
of changes in the international 
environment and partly (to be fair) 
because the Thatcher "revolution" 
has .carried- conviction in .some 
respects, the Initial shake-up in 
British industry and the reform of 
trade union law being the most 

The important question is not so 
much ■ which “old-fashioned" (ie, 
unfashionable) opinions and alti- 
tudes should be thrown out as which 
ones still deserve to be rescued from 
the Thatcherde holocaust. 

A full, answfrr to this question 
could only emerge over many 
articles, but my New Year reply 
comes under three summary head- 
ings. corresponding to three guiding 
principles of my youth. ^ 

Pragmatism: One of the objects 
of the traditional British middlc- 

and to look firet for the answer xhaV 
would work, even if consistency haft~’- J - 
to be invented afterwards. - - . ' v ' ‘ 

In spite of all the contemptuous' ^-V 
labels that have been hungjound hsV- 
neck in the^ past few years . 

"opportunism" "cynicism", “super./ ' 
finality” “lack of conviction".^ "- . 
“wetness” and- so forth - this '. ; T- - 
commonsensical frame of mimL' f'! • 

which naturally tends to centrism. ‘4? 
has preserved us . from extremism.^ 
and folly in the past, and the lack of ‘ • ’■ 

it has been the most dangerous^'.'* 
deficiency of the present govern-:^!-, 
ment. - .r ;; - - 

• Responsibility: Our class system - -. 
is dying, but only a very huge, rich’ V -' 
country can maintain stability and '' — ■ 
efficiency without some kind of-v 
elite, preferably as open as possible V - • - 
to talent, but still confident of its:.;- -, 
abilities and legitimacy. One of out*'..;-"" 
problems is that our elite - has losr .^ 1 
tiiat confidence/and mapy-of those \ 
who have pulled and ait .pulling it 's . •’ 
down have neither the real self-con- - 
fidencc nor the instinctive ; ?feer to- ^ ‘ . 
take its place. . ' - ‘‘- : y 

A meritocracy should try. tbr*. r - . 
preserve at least some of the. virtues 
of the old paternalism, including ihe'’-;-' " 
preservation of “high culture" and , 
the operation of such ancient rules '• > 
of thumb as “wealth is a irusl"^ 

“power means responsibility", "see: 
the men are fed . firsT and > • 

“leadership is one pari decision, one" . 
part persuasion and one 


• Internationalism: British prag-. ^...- ■. 
malism has prevented us ever J ".I. 
becoming .quite so hooked odTv--- 
international rules as the Americans" ' 
at their most moralistic.' but there’ ir - - 
was a rough consensus.' during the- . • 

20 post-war years in which my ' - 
opinions on these matters were*;"'" -., 
formed, .around a srif-iniercaed: ‘-'ff, " 
large- minded ness in British (onagri; ' ‘ . 
policy. . 

We recognized, by and large, that-- ; 
for a country as .economically; 3;: 
vulnerable as otir own, ah orderly:,. -y. 
retreat from empire, participation in 
an open and generous international 
economic regime, a maximization of* 
intangible Cultural and historic-- ' 
assets, and a judicious, trading of 
notional independence for /real’ 
influence, first witii America and ; 
later with. Europe; were in order. .", ^ 

Nobody need pretend either that - r .- 
we have always lived up to these . "I .. 
principles, or . that the present ' — 
government -has 
them- But we 1 * 

even crazier In our weakness than 
the Americans are in their strcngtlr r 
to exchange "old-feshioned" out- e=k... 
watd-lookingness for selC-dcceiving- 
nationalism and catchpenny iso-r TT".''.' 

I can foresee that all three of these, 
principles wilf come under fierce 11 
attack in 1986 - from pre-election 
populism, from protectionism, from 
sheer shortage of cash. But .! am 
equally sure that anyone who 
unrepentandy proclaims their vali- . 
dity in January 1987 will still have • 
the present and the future, as well as 
the past on his side. 

>r . that the present ' 

ias entirely abandoned V : 
often seem to me to be? - 


^ v- - _ 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

The Bob and Mike 
Edline show 

Curb the banks, save the forests 

More than 27 million acres of 
tropical forests are disappearing 
every year, or almost an acre a 
second, according to the UN Food 
and Agriculture Organization. 
Although the forests that remain 
cover only 2 per cent of the globe, 
they are the habitat of half of ail 
surviving species of living things. 
Forty per cent of all our medicines 
originate in these forests. Their 
future value to science, plant- 
breeding and animal husbandrv is 

Members of Parliament are at last 
beginning to recognize the import- 
ance of the issue. Some 60 have 
responded positively to rain-forest 
lobbyists. Because of Britain’s 
complicity in the destruction, and in 
view of the growing inter-pany 
rivalry for the "green" vote, rain- 
forests could be an electoral issue by 

But Westminster looks com- 
placent when compared with the 
active interest being shown in the 
US Congress. (Admittedly tbe 
Americans have more to answer far 
than we do, since the multinationals, 
often l/S-owned. usually ride on the 
backs of the spoliation projects.) 

No fewer than five congresaqnal 
committees have been investigating. 
Their main concern has been the 
role of the multilateral development 
banks, espedally the World Bank, in 
using public money (or money 
borrowed on world markets on the 

finance rain- forest destruction - 
which, by increasing carbon dioxide 
levels, may even damage the world’s 

The House of Representatives 
banking sub-committee called on 
the World Bank in Decembe r 1984 
at least to assign a full-time 
environmental staff member to each 
of its six regional offices by June 
1985. The World Bank refuses to do 
so. The reason given is that ft prefers 
to hire consuhanis on a prqjecl-by- 
project basis. 

Conservationists challenge this. 
They' maintain that the World Bank 
is deliberately cutting off its 
investment planning process from 
environmental considerations by 
having almost no staff *ho special- 
ize in the subject, so as to minimize 
conflict with its overriding aim of 

The US Treasury has supported 
the environmentalists in Congress. 
It has appointed its own specialist 
staff to remind the muk&laieral 
banks of their environmental short- 
comings. It reported to the Senate 
that foe problem was the banks* 
overemphasis on quantity, rather 
than quality of lending: “If environ- 
mental considerations threaten 
expeditious project processing, the 
environment is assigned low priority 
and is left to be dealt with later.” 

A grim example is the Pofo- 
noroeste scheme in western Brazil 
The World Bask committed $443 

BR 64. through 900 miles of 
Amazonian rain-forest and for 
helping an influx of settlers there to 
deforest and then cultivate tile newly 
despoiled land. 

This despite foe feet that, 
according to the British ecologist 
Nicholas Guppy, only 2 per cent of 
Amazonia's soils are permanently 
cultivable- It follows that the whole 
scheme, and others like it. arc not 
only a waste or environ mental 
resources, but a waste of money. 

As in Brazil, so in Indonesia. 
There the World Bank, the EEC's 
European Development Fund and 
other international agencies art 
helping to finance the migration of 
millions of landless peasants from 
Java and other ferule central islands 
10 the infertile but’ rain-forest- 
eoverrd outer islands at a cost of 
S9.0QQ per family. Nicholas Guppy 
estimates that 2 per cent of the soil 
of Indonesian Borneo, on which 
four million people arc being settled, 
to be permanently cultivable. 

Friends of the Earth are concen- 
trating their campaign cm the 
question on Britain's contribution to 
the clearances: the limber trade. 
They have already wrung agreement 
in principle from the Timber Trade 
Federation to a new code of 
conduct- This requires tropical 
hardwood imports to come from 
"sustainably managed forests or 

environmentalists in Downing 
Street last November. Mrs Thatcher 
asked for clear prescriptions for 
anion on ecological issues. Here is a 
package for her: 

• Invite the Commons environ- 
ment select committee to investi- 
gate. If it consents, it should be 
requested 10 cross-examine, among 
others, the UK executive director of 
the World Bank. Tim Lan tester. 

• Stipulate that within two years 
the World Bank must set up an 
environmental monitoring depart- 
ment containing not five people but 
the 50 or more needed to analyse its 
current 1.600 projects in any depth. 
Other multilateral banks must 
follow suit. 

• Insist that the banks cease 
funding road building and migration 
projects m tropical rain- forests. The 
money saved cottid be spent on more 
lasting and less environmentally 
damaging development elsewhere. ' 

• If the, banks reject the stipula- 
tions. Britain should deduct from 

As in past years. I have compiled a 
table of the most popular Girt names 
in 1985, based on their occurrence in 
the headlines of The Times. This 
does not mean that they are the 
most common: it may be sufficient 
for just one person in the world to 
have that name as long as he is 
mentioned often enough. Zia, for 

Here. fust, is the list of the top ten 
men's names, with -previous year's 
positions in brackets. 

1 Bob (7) 

Z Ronald (2) 

3 Boris (-} 

4 Mtkhritl-) 

5 Zia (9) 

6 Terry and Arthur (ID) 

10 Deraktt - 

Many previously popular names 
such as Sting and Boy George seem 
to have almost vanished, while other 
names appear in tire list for the first 
time. The popularity of Boris is 
almost entirely due to Herr Becker's 
success at Wimbledon, while foe 
emcrarnce of Zia, Mikhail and Rajiv 
ts politically motivated. Nobody is 
entirely sure whether Zia really is a 

tr 1 - : - 


: - 


EJCtr -- 

= - 

"*8SF; ... 


>«&?:. - 

The runaway success of Bob - 
comes from the presence in the. 
world's news of Messrs Gddof and 
Maxwell, both of whom have 
travelled the globe ceaselessly m an 
attempt to bring peace ana quiet 
Rupert again did quite well, bat not 
quite well enough to make the top 
ten. Mr Murdoch, it should be 
recorded, took on American nation- 
ality during the year in order to 
qualify for ownership of American 
TV stations, thus becoming - foe first- ’ «in i,/*' “ ■ 
person who went to America for the - . 

sake of its TV, rather than leaving iu • ?: ; 

A late push saw Conrad and Eddter 3 ; 

well up the list, and they may well 
make the final cut next year. One £a|; „ ;; 
odd feature was the good showing of' ■ *% ... 
David Herbert, but this is not £ 
expected to recur in 1986. - 

Now for the women. - • - - 

^ UchulM ; 

§sr * ! . : 

ssshp. ' 

6 EfladonnaM ■ 1 V 

7 Martins (6) ■* . 

8 Winnie A .- 

Itt Kwi(r> 

„ This is the first time the women’s 

first name (it is m fan foe gerieraTs • 1151 **as been headed by man’s - 
second name), tint it is one foal fiis t &»nks entirely to foe efforts 

most easily into newspaper head- °* Princess. Michael of Kent Di has 
jtnes. and that is what counts. ' 38aia done very well, despite fhe fact. 

Tha i-r,™-. . , tititt Princess Diana hates the name . 

lac^s hever caDed by it. Raisa is a 

end °£ wwcomer it is also the fost 

the of 1 i USSian namefor some time to make 

funds earmarked for them enough continuing success o?foSe two ~ 

money to enable us to carry out Princ» of showbiz, Ian Botham and 
detailed environmental scrutiny of “ n Paisley. The eclipse of Mr 

* * Scaigiil would have fad to the 

^TOwrance of Arthur, were it not 
Tar the popularity of the fictional 
pair, or at least half of it, in Minder. 

Television also explains the pres- 


all projects ourselves, preferably 
through non-governmental organiza- 
tions like foe World Wildlife Fond, 
US Treasury collaboration would be 

To ?yf^ n I § 8-5 a 

Mine, the first one ever to appeaV' 
ana the lost time Winnie was 
featured was not as a woman’snanje ^ . 
(Mandela) but a man's (Churchill). - 
Finally.. it should be mentioned 
that if . surnames were included a* - 
welL the most popular man's' name- : 
«g>uld be. Halley, the only. man in---.' * 
1985 who was never referred \ \\ 

nts firet nanu _r - - . — ■ * 

borrowed on world markets on the The World Bask co&unined $443 The British government should The author is the Bow Group's] characters from lonK-rimninoSSJ was " ever -referred icity'l - 

strength of public “coflateraT) to _ million for foe paving of a highway, rtow act. At a "green fonch” with - research secretary. { operas. • ““fi soap name. Except of coarse, ra-’ 





hej . 

'•■■•ail,, i - .... t ... 

P-O- Bax 7, 200 Gra/s Im , Road, London WCJX SEZ. Telephone: 01-837 1234 



Early in 1955 Sir Winston 
Churchill's Cabinet received the 
report of the Grigg committee on 
public records recommending 
that the archives be opened to 
general view after 50 years 
elapsed. An element in the 
Cabinet, a patrician element 
including the Cabinet Secretary 
Sir Norman Brook, demurred. 
Disclosure, it was .said, would 
embarrass politicians stm alive. 
Now* in 1986, that we see their 
deliberations, albeit filtered 
through the sieve of Whitehall’s 
minute-taking, we can enter their 
debate. Y es, much of our curiosity 
is prurient. It is difficult not to ' 
delight in OuirchUliana; the 
force of a great historical person- 
ality shows even in annotations 
to the papers about his hearing 
problems. And even Sir Norman. 
Brook’s emollient versions of 
Cabinet deliberation cannot en- 
tirely efface the interplay, of 
competitive politicians — figures - 
such as Macmillan laying -the 
groundwork of his succession 
and Eden vainly combating fatal 
flaws in his capacity to lead men 
and envision events. 

A number of 1955’s partici- 
pants are still alive. Should they 
be embarrassed? The stature of 
Mr Macmillan, not always 
enhanced by the gadfly inter- 
• ventions of his latter old age in 
the earldom, must gain through 
the vigour and verve of his 
papers. Who else (Sir David 
Eccles turned his elegant hand to 
poetry in Cabinet papers) would 
venture a quotation from a 
music hall turn in a serious 
discussion of the Burgess and 
Maclean affair? This was no 
court jester. Macmillan’s 1955 
paper on adaptation to economic 
success contained acute insight 
. in British culture and its appar- 
ent difficulty in accommodating, 
the social and altitudinal conse- 
quences of economic growth. Mr 
Peter Thorn eycroft, as he then; 
was, will surely in 1986 be proud 
rather than embarrassed at 
public perusal of his Board of 
Trade paper on preventing the 
economy's overheating - the 
seeds of his later resignation as 
Chancellor lay in this paper; 
recommending an end to in- 
flationary food subsidies and 
rent control. 

■ The Cabinet of 1955 was 
dominated by men whose great- 
est years had been the leadership 
of Britain in the fight against 
Hitler's Germany and Japan. 
-Compared with office-holders of 
the mid-1980s they appear 
bigger, perhaps because of the . 
grandiloquence of their vision of 
Britain's place in the world. With 
hindsight we see them felling to 
appreciate the inevitable shrink- 
age in British power arid influ- 

ence' and perhaps sympathize as 
: they atfempted to pay for afirst- 
class world ' role with the 
resources of a second-rank econ- 
^omy. : Their view of official 
information was coloured by the 
- war years too: none then could 
-see that the miserliness, with 
which British government eked 
out official information on all 
subjects would soon become 
. symptomatic of a felling - across 
all parties - to enlist the 
uninformed British public in the 
hard issues of controlling public 
expenditure. During 1955, en- 
tirely in secret, the Chancellor 
fL A. Butler conducted a five- 
year forward look at social 
services expenditure. He told his. 
.colleagues in unvarnished terms 
that the projected growth rates 
necessarily entailed no scope for 
significant tax cuts. This kind of 
survey, like Mrs Thatcher’s ten 
year forward look at spending of 
two years ago, is precisely, the 
style of Whitehall deliberation 
that should be made public 
immediately.. .Waiting 30 years 
does not help contemporary 
political education. 

The go vemments of Churchill 
and Eden feared “the posable 
effects- of such disclosure on 
current problems which might 
still be influenced by memories 
: of events 50 years ago.” Here are 
three examples, from the 1955 
archive, of how wrong they were. 

. These are three turning-points in 
the formation of public policy, 
except that (we can say with the 
confidence of our age) the wrong 
turning was taken. For that very 
reason, the deliberations of 30 
years - previously are not only 
fascinating but a tool for edu- 
cation of politicians and public 
alike. ■ 

The first concerned non-white 
immigration. Churchill and 
Salisbury might have become a 
little hysterical, but their col- 
leagues were clear-headed. The 
memoranda produced by the 
Home Secretary Gwilym Lloyd- 
George are models of clarity. 
They quietly said that if . the 
conditions in which British 
subjects from , the West Indies 
ana the Asian sub-continent 
settled were to persist tberi racial 
problems could.arise: There were 
two responses. One ' was to 
prevent the development of a 
problem which in 1955 was 
nascent, by . controlling immi- 
gration-. One, .suggested by the 
Colonial Secretary who with 
many other solid- members of the 
Conservative Party stood up for 
freedom of movement within the 
oid empire, was for the govern- 
ment. to direct and man a ge the 
settlement of. non-whites, to 
disperse ' them in order to 

minimize friction over housing. 
In 1955, and for years to come, 
governments chose to do neither. 
Stronger leadership, notably 
from Eden who appeared to have 
scant interest in domestic affairs, 
could have saved much grief 

The second concerned school- 
ing In April 1955 Sir David 
Eccles, the greatest of Conserva- 
tive education ministers, told his 
colleagues that .Labour was 
trading on deep public unhappi- 
ness at the effects of the 11 plus 
examination and preferring 
compre h cnsi vation as the solu- 
tion. He offered them the 
beginnings of a Tory alternative 
- an alternative which had 
successor governments taken it 
up might have saved the gram- 
mar schools and made the 
secondary modems precisely 
that, popular modem schools 
offering better vocational train- 
ing and specialist preparation 
both for the world of work and 
for advanced education in a new 
generation of colleges, of tech- 
nology. Sir David’s plan can still 
be studied with profit 

The third was perhaps the 
most important The 1955 
papers wSl surely further serve 
to discredit the reputation of 
Anthony Eden and his failure to 
seize the hour of domestic 
prosperity for vital institutional 
reform. During the year the 
industrialist Lord Nuffield 
visited the prime minister and 
told him the solution to Britain's 
bad record of strikes and indus- 
trial breakdown was simple: the 
legal requirement that unions 
conduct, secret ballots before 
strikes were called and before 
officers were elected. Eden, aided 
and abetted by his Minister of 
Labour, the great conciliator 
Walter Monckton, would not 
act. A Cabinet committee was 
established. Secret ballots, said 
Monckton, would be resisted as 
an interference with the right to 
strike. But their institution, in 
the mid 1950s, could have been 
the first step to. a modernization 
of union practice and industrial 
relations which is only now 

. .Might-have-been is a poor 
song for a historian or a 
politician to sing. The concat- 
enation of events facing one 
Cabinet can never properly be 
compared with the environment 
of another. Yet the Public 
Record Office’s annual - and 
partial - opening of the files is 
always educational We learn, for 
one thing, of the best reason why 
the grandees of!955 and all their 
successors are so reluctant to 
give up the record of their 
discussions. The record discloses 
the mistakes. 


Lord Carrington has begun 24 
lours of talks in Madrid which 
le is visiting for the first time 
iince becoming Secretary- 
General of Nato 18 months ago. 
rhose timescales imperfectly 
eflect the delicate nature of his 
^ nission or the importance of its 
. , , success or failure for the Western 
<■ alliance. 

j r Prime Minister Felipe Goiiza- 
■'* ez who campaigned for the 
withdrawal of Spain from Nato 
lefore sweeping to power in the 
982 election is now arguing 
with equal fervour that . his 

* ountry should do nothing nf the 
■V ind. He has a long-standing 
. .ommitment however to letting 

tie electorate choose, by means 
V f a referendum in two or three 
lonths’ time. 

- . Gonzalez, now the very model 

■ f a moderate modern Socialist, 

- jcently won the support of his’ 

wn party for his change of 

* sart. But opinion polls suggest 
' ; tat while a growing number of 

; paniards favour Nato, the 
.ferendum result is still very 
.' iuch in doubt. While the 

■ ommunist party organizes 
imonstrations against him in 

•- e name of “peace”, the right- 
ing, pro-Nato opposition has 
xnded to abstain - in the hope 
' making political capital out of 
s discomfiture. 

But a “no” vote in March 
ould be embarrassing not only 
r the Madrid government. It 
3uld be a very daunting 
itcome for Brussels, in material 
rms and in those of morale. 
ird Carrington has an even 
• \ ore vested interest than Gon- 
‘ ,-tez in seeing that Nato’s 
west recruit does, not leave the 
1 fiance four years after it has 

i- ’ So how can he help? One way 
'v simply by going there. The 
■.•• ■.aing of Gonzalez’s invitation 

is cexlainly impaxable, with his 
country still on something of a 
“high” following its entry into 
.the Common Market Hie Sec- 
retary-General's . presence is 
another sign of the country’s 
rising status as a European 
power; Moreover, Lord Carring- 
ton personally is still looked 
upon \wth favour in Madrid as 
the man who got thing s going on 
Gibraltar with the 1980 Lisbon 
Agreement The Spaniards are a 
long way from realizing their 
dream over the Rock. But the 
agreement has led to a discussion 
of the issues. Britain’s then 
Foreign Secretary, the Rhodesia/ 
Zimbabwe success story also 
behind him,: is still seen hi 
Madrid as a skilful and effective 

He can also help now by 
stressing the political as opposed 
to the military nature pf Spain’s 
Nato membership. Unlike 
France - which withdrew its 
forces from the -alliance in 1 966, 
Spain has no obligation to 
commit troops in the first place, 
because it was not a party to the 
Paris Protocols of 1956. Unlike 
France again, the . Spanish 
government does in fact attend 
meetings of both the Defence 
Planning and the _ Military 
Committee, of the alliance. But 
what is important now is that 
Spain should simply remain a 
member of Nato, however low a. 
profile that may mean. 

The United Slates has already 
shown its sense of priorities by 
agreeing to negotiate over re- 
ductions at its air. and naval 
bases in Spain. American bases 
have always been a sensitive 
issue in Spain because they were 
first installed through a 1953 
agreement with Genual Franco 
- who was seeking international 
recognition in return. Senor 
Gonzales is hoping that by 

trading the bases now, he can 
win support for his Nato refer- 
endum, and the Pentagon clearly 
respects his-political judgement 

It is a quid pro quo which in 
theory is less than satisfactory. 
Spain’s political membership of 
the alliance in return for the loss 
of American men and materiel, 
does not sound like the deal of 
the century, not anyway until 
Spain’s own forces have been 
fully re-equipped to take their 
place. And even then they would 
not be fully integrated within 
Nato’s command and control 

On the other hand “re- 
duction” is a reducible word. 
Nor do the negotiations need to 
be completed until next year, 
when the present bases agree- 
ment comes up for renewal Both 
sides might feel morally commit- 
ted to make some adjustments to 
the number of US troops 
(currently 9,000). But the im- 
portant thing for Nato is that 
Gonzalez survives his refer- 
endum and lives to fight another 

Spain’s -armed forces are 
already undergoing a series of 
dimming and strengthening 
exercises which is good news for 
Nato as well as themselves, 
however painful the process may 
be at the time. The total strength 
of the armed forces should be 
down to 260,000 this year after a 
period of attrition in which the 
size of the Army alone has been 
t rimm ed by * 85,000 in three 

Still it is also true that the 
result of this in the short term 
could be discontent among those 
who resent seeing the generals 
brought to heeL Senor Gonzalez 
will need to Head softly for the 
next few weeks ami Lord 
Carrington must take his cue 
from him. • 


' ' oyal imprint 

\m Mr R. Hetherington 
v,; . With refe rence to Mr Rigby’s 
* v^' er (December 24), if the Sover- 
jma gp is iq be updated, 1 dp 
; see why this should be another 
; '\ioueile. Silhouettes are rather 
: r ‘ tract and nondescript. The earlier 
rynitives, using portraits,, were 
.‘v: ter. ' • 

■ ^ .‘ J Vhile we are at it, can we have a 
h look at stamp *foig n generally 

and ask ourselves if fee present TV-, 
inspired picturegrams haven’t had 
their day? Only the subject seems to 
change: foe wall-to-wall treatment is 
.tho same. Many commemoratives 
have been spoiled by the failure to 
realise that the Sovereign and the 
inscription most always be given fair 
pro po rtion. 

Why are the compositor’s arts of 
: borders,, embellishments, and ty- 
pography so strangely' neglected? 
These make a postage stamp unique 

and were always behind that curious 
blend of bunting and nobility which 
distinguished the finest British 

Yours faithfully, 


Holm Glen, 






How health authority copes with cuts 

From the Chairman of the Blooms- 
bury Health Authority 
Sir, Dr Souhami’s account (Decem- 
ber 30) of the revenue-saving 
measures adopted by Bloomsbury 
Health Authority is factually cornet, 
but his somewhat emotive descrip- 
tion of their impact might be seen to 
detract from the quite legitimate 
debate about the adequacy of 
resources for inner-city teaching 

It is certainly true that Blooms- 
bury Health Authority is operating 
under the most severe financial 
pressure. This arises principally as a 
result of Government and regional 
policies for the redistribution of 
resources within (he National 
Health Service, which are aimed at 
providing a greater geographical 
equality of access to health care. 

But in addition we must generate 
our own investment resources for 
the development of our local 
community-based priority services 
and to provide the capital which is 
essential to the process of rationalis- 
ation. ■' 

This year and last we have also 
had to meet a significant pan of the 
cost of the annual pay award for our 
staff as well as those drag and 
medical supplies costs which are 
rising fester than inflation. 

All of this adds up to a revenue 
savings programme of £6 million 
this year, out of a total budget of 
some £110 million. Next year the 
position is significantly worse, with 
a gap of some £10 million between 
our commitments And the resources 
available to meet them. 

As a result of these difficulties we 
are now urgently reviewing our 

longer-term strategy, and we are 
working with the North East 
Thames Regional Health Authority 
on how to bridge the deficit which 
will inevitably occur until the 
revised strategy can be imple- 

In the meantime, mainly because 
of overspending on some of our 
patient-related budgets, we have had 
to adopt some short-term measures 
aimed at reducing the number of 
non-urgent admissions to acute beds 
as foe only means available to us of 
containing our expenditure within 
the cash limits set. 

These measures are unpalatable, 
as much to foe authority as to our 
staff and our patients. They will 
cause some temporary disruption, 
both to service and teaching. But to 
describe University College Hospital 
as a “wasteland of muddle and 
despair” does no justice to the 
committed staff of that hospital 
who, in spite of all, maintain an 
excellent, high quality service. 

As an inner-city district we have 
foe special problems arising from 
poor social conditions, including 
high psychiatric morbidity, drag and 
alcohol abuse and, more recently. 
Aids (acquired immune deficiency 
syndrome). If. by protecting and 
developing our community-based 
priority services, as we have done, 
we force a marginally greater 
reduction on acute hospital services, 
we would argue that we have got foe 
balance about right. 

Yours sincerely, 

J. E. O. DUNWOODY, Chairman. 
Bloomsbury Health Authority, 

25 Grafton Way, WCI. 

December 31. 

The forgotten disease 

From Professor Ernest Gellner. FRA 
Sir, Your series of articles on this 
tragic subject (December 1 6-1 8) will 
have -done much good if apart from 
uodepscoring foe hollowness of foe 
“return to the co mmuni ty" slogan, it 
also stimulates a sense of urgency 
concerning foe need for legal reform 
- a point well made by Dr D. J. King 
(December 21). 

The current legal position in effect 
deprives many people suffering 
acute inner anguish of help which 
would enhance their prospect of 
recovery and prevent foe objective 
deterioration of their situation. 

The conditions which need to be 
satisfied at present before a medical 
practitioner can take effective steps 
to help a person suffering from a 
serious schizophrenic breakdown 
are quite unrealistic. They make no 
sense when applied to a condition 
virtually defined in terms of an 
acutely diminished awareness and 
responsibility. The implications of 
foe existence of such a condition 
must be faced: foe law should not be 
an ostrich any more than it should 
be an ass. 

The consequence of the present 
legal state of affairs is that sufferers 

arc liable to receive help during their 
lucid periods, but be denied it wben 
they need it most. Or they may only 
receive it if a brush with the law 
causes them to be constrained for 
non-medical reasons, and thus 
become available for foe kind of 
observation they would otherwise 

It is preposterous that a person 
suffering from genuinely diminished 
responsibility is obliged to commit a 
criminal act before he can be helped. 
The diminis hed responsibility which 
rightly lets him off the legal hook is 
not sufficient to ensure that he 
receive the help he so badly needs, 
unless he also (accidentally) violates 
some law. 

No doubt the law must contain 
some provision against the abuse of 
medical powers. The design of such 
safeguards would not be difficult. 
The price of the present bizarrely 
exaggerated safeguard against an 
-often hypothetical danger is truly 
appalling in terms of human 
suffering, diminution of prospects of 
recovery, and social costs. 

Yours faithfully, 


King's College, 


December 23. 

Aids for shareholders Violence on television 

From Mr L. G. Beaver 
Sir, City of London activities are 
much in foe limelight these days. 
There is one aped which, may be 
worth mentioning. It concerns the 
forecasting of company results by 
financial analysts, often from foe 
company’s own stockbroker. Much 
forecasting is almost entirely accu- 

Visits to a company by stock- 
brokers or financial analysts may 
well mean that information is 
available to privileged institutional 
or private clients which is not 
available to other ordinary share- 
holders, although the gist of a 
broker’s circular may appear in foe 
national Press some time (pqpsibly 
weeks) later. 

Perhaps foe barring of visits to 
companies, say two months before 
interim and final results, would 
eliminate any possible unfair treat- 
ment of the small shareholder, who 
is just as entitled to know what is 
going on in the company as are City 

This suggestion might also elimin- 
ate foe possibility of short-term 
speculative dealing on personal 
account by financial analysts follow- 
ing a visit to a company. 

Some companies do, of course, 
exercise foe greatest secrecy when 
results are imminent The recent 
Grand Metropolitan figures, which 
created considerable surprise in foe 
market, are a good example. 

Yours faithfully. 


36 Cromwell Court 
Cromwell Road, 


East Sussex. 

Dec em ber 23. 

From Mr J. E. Humphrey 
Sir, Mr Kureishi, writing about 
violence on television (December 
28), does so from foe theatre. I do so 
from the home. 

For good reason, homemakers - 
mothers in the main - base their 
endeavours upon example and, in 
foe vast majority of cases, upon 
good example. Thus they take care 
not to knock the family about not to 
be foul-mouthed, not to spit on the 

We then bring into the heart of 
the home a box which dispenses all 
kinds of nastiness. This is ridiculous 
- though not so ridiculous as it is to 
argue that its example does no harm. 

The trouble is that, operators in 
the media have learnt that nastiness 
is a money-maker, and that to go on 
making money they have to be 
progressively nastier. 

The fact that foe box is virtually 
indispensable does nothing to make 
this forgiveable or acceptable and 
there is no effective way of 
countering it save by restraints 
which many would call censorship. 
So that, for foe present, one must 
respectfully ask high-minded liberal- 
ism to take a back seat 
Yours faithfully, 


9 Offington Gardens. 


West Sussex. 

December 28. 

Sleepers awake 

From the Reverend Kevin M. 

Sir, Your correspondent. Professor 
Ian Fells (December 28) is undoubt- 
edly correct Although never having 
had the privilege of a British Rail 
sleeper, I have travelled extensively 
by rail in all parts of Australia, and 
my experience there has been 
exactly the same. 

Whenever the bunk lay across the 
direction of travel (usually in double 
sleepers) I have been bard put to get 
any rest at alL When, however, in 
single cabins whose beds lie along 
the route of foe train, sleep was both 
easy and blissfuL 

On one occasion, on the Indian- 
Pacific, I turned down the offer of 
single occupancy of a double cabin 
with at suite shower. The steward 
thought I must have been mad, but 
in my single berth I enjoyed three 
restful nights* sleep. 

Yours faithfully, 


St, Margaret’s Presbytery, 

Fir Tree Grove, 

Cazshalton Beeches, 


December 30. • 

Wind in the wires 

From Mr Robert Vincent 
Sir. Years ago, as a young lad 
working on top of GPO telegraph 
poles, my ladder sometimes fell 
away, leaving me stranded. The 
“haunting moan of the wind in the 
wires. . (letter, December 27) 
could well have been me calling for 

Yours faithfully 

Dilly House, 




December 29. 

Fit to print 

From Mr R.L.S. Coulson 
Sir, Of the four books I received this 
Christmas, two were printed in 
Hong Kong, one in Czechoslovakia 
and one (foe best-selling In Person : 
The Prince and Princess of Wales) 
was printed in Spain. 

Despite the cost of freightage, 
sometimes by air, it is still cheaper 
to print outside the United King- 
dom because productivity is high - 
and wage costs are much lower. 
Yours faithfully, 


5 Hermitage Road, 

Brampton Ash, 

Market Harborougb. 


December 30. 

Union’s boycott 
of MP’s letters 

From Mr Ken Terry 
Sir, No doubt readers were some- 
what perplexed by Colin Moyni- 
ban’s letter (December 30) as it 
completely failed to mention why he 
is in dispute with foe Lewisham 
branch of Nalgo. He appears greatly 
indignant to discover that his 
powers as member of Parliament 
outside foe House of Commons are 
foe same as any citizen. 

We live in a plural society and 
under foe “democratic” rules of 
Nalgo two members of my branch 
submitted a motion to our anTinqi 
general meeting in November, 
which was overwhelmingly carried, 
to “boycott" (not “black", which is 
considered racially offensive) letters 
from Mr Moynihan, unless concern- 
ing threatened deportation, because 
of his involvement as director of a 
company directly involved with 
South Africa. 

In line with TUC and Nalgo 
national policy we are no longer 
prepared to tolerate individuals who 
support in any way the tyrannical 
regime which oppresses the majority 
of its people. 

Our admittedly very minor action 
against Mr Moynihan in no way 
prevents his constituents taking any 
grievance to Labour and Conserva- 
tive councillors, and if still dissatis- 
fied take the matter up with the local 
government ombudsman. 

Yours faithfully, 

KEN TERRY, Chair man 
Lewisham branch. 

National and Local Government 
Officers' Association, 

5th floor, 

Eros House, 

Brownhill Road. SE6. 

Drive to monopoly 

From the Chairman of Watts Blake 
Bearne& Co. Pic 

Sir, I write to express sympathy with 
the observations made by Esmond 
Buller, MP (December 1 6). 

The self-generated competition 
between pension fond trustees is 
surely liable to deter companies 
from taking correct medium-term 
decisions, and more so. long-term 
ones, because of the impact these 
may have in temporarily depressing 
profits, with the possible conse- 
quence of a threat of takeover. 

Most companies have wider 
responsibilities than the short-term 
benefits of pension funds which now 
control lane sections of British 
industry. The correct decisions, 
whether short, medium or long- 
term. must be taken in the interests 
of customers, employees and the 
environment, as well as the com- 
panies’ shareholders. 

Could not institutions, having 
decided to invest, be persuaded to 
retain their investments for at least a 
few years to allow companies to 
demonstrate foe merits of the 
policies they are adopting? The 
individual shareholder, saving for 
his retirement other than through a 
private or company pension ar- 
rangement, has to suffer capital 
gains tax when managing his private 

Yours faithfully 
C. D. PIKE, Chairman, 

Watts Blake Bearne & Co, Pic. 

Park House. 

Courtenay Park. 

Newton Abbot, Devon. 

Terms of endearment 

From Commander W. R. Miller 
Sir. Recent correspondence in your 
columns about vegetarian feasts 
prompts me to pose a question 
which has long troubled me. 

Why do French women address 
their husbands fondly as "Mon petit 
choux "? Cabbage is a dull and 
malodorous vegetable and French 
men have never seemed to me to 
offend in either respect, save (in the 
latter) on foe few occasions when I 
have played against them in foe 
front row of foe scrum. 

Would not "mu petite asperge or 
even “mon petit fond d’arlichauf' 
have more attractive connotations? 

Perhaps the Immortals could 
spare a little time from their 
implacable campaign against Frang- 
lais in order to consider this 
important matter. 

Yours faithfully, 


Dolphin House, 

I Great Georce Street. 

Godaiming, Surrey. 

- Which chestnut? 

From the Director of the Henry 
Doubleday Research Association 
Sir. We are planting a tree museum 
of all foe species valued for their 
special qualities by the craftsmen of 
England, with accounts of their 
many uses, such as aspen for arrows, 
alder for clog soles and spmdlewood 
to make spare parts for spuming 

We have reports of chestnut being 
used for beams in kitchens because 
of its alleged fly-repellent property, 
and for the drums of well wind- 
lasses, to drive away insects that 
might fall in and contaminate the 
water, A very deep well at 
Carisbrookc Castle in foe Isle of 
Wight is reputed to have the oldest 
chestnut well-drum in Britain, 
contemporary with King Charles L • 

Can any reader confirm and give us 
details of this repellent effect, both 
ancient and modern, and state which 
chestnut was used? Was it foe horse 
chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), 
which has soft, brittle timber, malting 
packing cases, moulding patterns 
and brash backs, or theSpanish or 
sweet chestnut (Castanea saliva) 
which can last longer than oak, 
making furniture, and the roofs of 
many medieval buildings, including 
Westminster HalJ? 

1 am Sir, yours &c, 

Henry Doubleday Research 

Coventry, West Midlands. 

JANUARY 3 1969 

Far over two years in Cuba, Fidel 
Castro waged a guerrilla WOT against 

Fulgencio Batista the country’s 

president/dictator. His victory was wan 
with a force of fewer than 1,000 men. 


From Our Correspondent 

HAVANA, Jan. 2 

Dr. Manuel Urmtia, who was 
proclaimed provisional revolutionary 
President of Cuba at one o'clock this 
morning in Santiago de Cuba, was 
reported this afternoon to be heading 
for Havana accompanied by Raul 
Castro, one of Fidel Castro's brothers, 
and a column of 1,000 men. The rebel 
radio announcement said that Ernesto 
Guevara, the Argentine rebel com- 
mander of Castro's forces, wa3 also 
moving towards Havana at the head of 
2,000 men. 

Ten truckloads of bearded rebel 
soldiers entered Havana soon after 
noon to -day. They were cheered by 
residents of Dolores Street, in the 
Lawton suburb of Havana. Another 
group of rebels entered the city earlier 
to-day, among them Faure Chomon, 
rebel chief in Las Villas province. 

Colonel Ramon Barquin, new 
revolutionary chief of the joint armed 
forces, disclosed this morning that he 
had asked Dr. Fidel Castro to come to 
Havana as soon as possible to 
reorganize the armed forces personally. 
Colonel Barquin said the Army. Navy, 
Air Force, and police which he now 
controlled would be placed at Dr. 
Castro's complete and immediate 


Here in the Cuban capital, the city 
awakened to virtual paralysis to-day; 
all private and Government offices 
were closed; so were stores, shops, bars, 
and restaurants. Only one newspaper, a 
new publication called Revolution, saw 
the light of day. Armed groups of rebel 
militiamen and members of the 
Revolutionary’ Directorate are patrol- 
ling the streets of Havana in an effort 
to prevent disorders and plundering. 
Each police car is carrying a rebel 
militiaman, by order of Colonel Vicente 
Leon, the new police chief. 

At least SO persons, among them 
several women, were reported wounded 
during the night in skirmishes in and 
around the city. The rebel radio gave 
their names, addresses, and the nature 
of their wounds this morning. Among 
the offices wrecked and looted 
yesterday were those of three foreign 
air lines - Air France. K.L.M., and 
Spanish Iberia. All commercial banks 
in Havana to-day were closed and 
guarded by rebel militiamen, who had 
orders to permit only the manager and j 
chief to enter. ... 


Rebel militiamen are continuing 
mopping-up operations in the city in 
an effort to neutralize aggressive pro- 
Batista elements which are causing 
occasional trouble. The city remains 
without transport because of the 
general strike. A mass labour rally is 
being held in the central park to 
demand the installation of Dr. Umiiia 
as President. 

A dispatch from Matanzas. some 60 
miles east of Havana, reports that a 
column of rebel troops entered the city, 
where they were cheered by the people. 


In naming Dr. Urritia provisional 
President early to-day. Dr. Fidel Ca3tro 
also proclaimed Santiago as the 
provisional capital of Cuba. 

Dr. Umitia, who is 51 and a former 
judge, has been living behind the rebel 
lines, after a period or exile in New 
York. He has described himself as 
strongly anti -Communist. . . . 

Born to blush unseen 

From the Reverend John Ticchurst 
Sir, A hundred years ago the Genera 
Register Office included at the front 
of marriage registers an alphabetical 
list of common English and Welsh 
names so that the spelling could be 
got right for a change. In the list are 
for boys: 

Adalbert, Aldred, Alexis, AJmeric. 
A melius, Arnulf. Baptist, Botolph. 
Caesar, Chius, Derimus, Dionysius, 
Donal, Ed red, Eldrcd. Endymion, Ernes, 
Fabius. Florence, Fulke. Godric, Gtmh. 
Hannibal, Hermann. Hiram, Hosiah, 
Joan, Ken ward, Leander, Lemuel. 
Leofric. Lyulph. Marion, Munough, 
Nimrod, Odo, Os bald. Pompey, Prosper. 
Quintilian, Ranald, Ranulph, Rinaldo, 
Samson, Sigismund, Thorold. Tracy, 
Udolph. Urban, Winfred, Xerxes, Yryr, 

Among foe list for common girls' 
names arc included the following: 
AdeHza, Ailsic. Alberta, Albina, Amabel, 
Aspasia, A vice. Boadicea. Clan be i, 
Cleopatra. Clotilda. Dagmar, Decima, 
Elgiva, Ethel inda, Euphrosyne. Gundrc- 
da. Hope, Hortens ia. Hympatia. Keren- 
happuch. Kciurah, Kcziah, Lcsbia, 
Lertice, Lucretia. Medora. Meta, Minna, 
Mirella, Oenone. Osyih. Pansy. Pomona, 
Rahcl. Rosabella. Sophronia, Sydney. 
Theodosia. Toby, Tryphenia, Urania, 
Vicrorine. Yetta, Zanila, Zilpha. 

We have lost every one of these 
riches from foe past, which were 
called common only a few decades 
ago L But did any one know ? 


Yours faithfully, 


The Manse. 

Franklyn Avenue, 


North Devon. 

Far festive fare 

From Mrs Pamela Colman * 

Sir. With reference to our man in 
Mongolia’s Christmas pud (Spec- 
tram, December 23), today I 
despatched from deepest Wiltshire 
into the care of my young Taiwanese 
guest a farmhouse Cheddar cheese, 
to be taken by train and plane to 
Taipei for the Chinese new year. 

Has festive fare ever been further? 
Hopefully yours. 


Moss Cottage, 




December 27. 








January 2: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon. Colond-in- 
Chief 15th/19ih Trie King’s Royal 
Hussars, was represented by Major- 
General Sif Brian WyldboTC-Smhh 
at the Funeral of Colonel A, D. 
Taylor which was held at the 
Church of St Peter and Si Paul. 
Deddmglon. Oxfordshire, this 

The Duke of Gloucester, as patron 
of the Heritage of London Trust and 
president of St Bartholomew's 
Hospital. London, will attend a 
reception on February 13 to mark 
the completion of the rehabilitation 
of St Bartholomews Hospital's 
historic buildings. 

The Duchess of Kent will visit the 
Joint Air Force Reconnaissance and 
Intelligence Centre. RAF Brampton. 

on April 9. 

The Duke or Kent, as Vice-Chair- 
man of the British Overseas Trade 
Board, will visit the Hanover Fatr. 
West Germany. April 10 and 11. 

The Duke and Duchess of Kent will 
attend the Middle Easi Associ- 
ation's 25lh Anniversary luncheon 
at the Hilton Hotel on April IS. 

The Duke of Kent president of the 
Britain-Australia Bicentennial 
Committee, will attend a reception 
at St James's Palace cm April IS. 

The Duke of Kent will visit RaF 
Marham on April 16. 

The Duke of Kent, president of the 
Rural National Lifeboat Institution, 
will visit the Safely at Sea and 
Marine Electronics exhibition at 
Westminister Exhibition Centre on 
April 23. and later as president of 
the Football Association, ac- 
companied by 1 he Duchess of Kent, 
will attend the Rous Cup England v 
Scotland match at Wcmbley 

A memorial service for Vice-Admi- 
ral Sir Conolly Abel 5mith will be 
held in The Queen's Chapel of the 
Savoy. Savoy Street. London WCl 
on Tuesday. January 21. at noon. 


Rebecca Poulton. aged mo. who has had arthritis since ■ 
her birth. Joining her mother, Mrs Shirley Pool to a, of 1 
Windsor, at the launch in Hammersmith yesterday of the 
fiftieth anniversary gathering of. the Arthritis and 
Rheumatism Council and arthritis research in Britain 
(Photograph: Bill Warburst). 



Mrs N. J. Porter 
and Miss N. C. Cowell 
The marriage has been arranged 
between Neil, son of Mr and Mrs J. 
A. Porter of Cradoe. Co. Clare, and 
Naomi, younger daughter of Mr P. 
T. Cowell, of Wareham. Dorset, and 
Lady Neville, of Edingihorpe. 

Mr S. J. Adshead 
& Mbs I. J. Howse 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs John Adshead, ofHighgate. 
London, and Isabel, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs' Justin 
Hawse, of Moor Park. Rickmars- 
wonh. Hertfordshire. 

Mr M. T. Astall 
and Miss A. E. Iceton 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and Mrs 
T. I. Astall. ofGlossop. Derbyshire, 
and Elizabeth, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs J. W. Tceton, of 
Grouville. Jersey. 

and Miss C. J. Tnrril! 

The engagement is announced 
between John, younger son of Dr 
and Mrs T. W. T. Bail lie. of 
Kingston. Surrey, and Catriona, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs H. 
M.Turvin.ofWesterham. Kent. 

and Miss L. E, Saxgeant 
The engagement is announced 
between Santa nu. only son of Mr 
and Mrs R. N. Chatierjec. of Rugby, 
Warwickshire, and Linda Elizabeth, 
cider daughter of Mr and Mrs A. 
Sargeant. of Ban bury. Oxfordshire, 

MrS.C. BromlleM 
and Miss A. M. Fatty 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Charles, youngest 
'■on of Dr and Mrs F. B. BromfieUL 
of Rodborough Common. Glouces- 
tershire, and Amanda Marv, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. E. Futty. 
of Fern hurst. Sussex. 

Mr H. C. Edmonds 
and MIssP, A. Joslin 
The engagement is announced 
Between Hugh, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs C. H. P. Edmonds, of Bangkok. 
Thailand, and Pamela, second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs K. G. 
Joslin. of Billericay, Essex 

Mr M.J. Edwards 
and Miss A. J.MaUett 
The engagement 15 announced 
between Mark, eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs J. B. R. Edwards. ofMonram St 
Andrew. Cheshire, and Annabel 
Jane, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
C. M. Mailed, of Nether Alderlcy. 


Mr P. H. P. Gyton 
and Miss K. B. Kincfa 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, only son of 
Lieutenant Commander Philip 
Gyton. RNR (retd), and Mrs Gyton. 
of Wembley. Middlesex and 
Katherine, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mm Anthony Kinch. of Brussels. 


Mr R. VV. j. Marshall 
and Miss W. A. Cru«e 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mr. E. G. Marshall, of Chipping 
C'ampden. Gloucestershire, and 
Wendy, daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 

C. Cruse, of Wen Wickham. Kent. 

Mr N. H .Poo tin 
and Miss J. E. Marshall 
The engagement is announced 
between Neil, son of Mrs J. E. 

Poniin. and the late Mr J Pontin, of and Dr A. M. Glaister 
Lmgfirld. Surrey, and Jacqueline. The 
eider daughter of Mr and Mrs K. R. 

Marshall, of Maidenhead. Ber- 

Dr J. H.C. Fenton 
and Min S, C. " rent. 

The engagement is announced 
between James Hen cage Cropland, 
second son of Lieutenant Com- 
mander J. M_ C. Fenton. DSC. RN 
(reidi. and Mrs Fenton, of Bar 
Ewing. Balmaclellan by Castle 
Douglas, Kirkudbnghtshirc. and 
Susan Claire, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs H. J. J. Wrenn. of Mount 
Bo vers Lane. HawkuelL Essex 
Mr D. T. H. Thors by- Pelham 
and Miss Z. A. Moseley 
The engagement is announced 
between Douglas Thomas Harvey, 
son of Colonel and Mrs D. H. 
Thursby-Pclham, of Mayhill. Bag- 
shot. Surrey, and Z oe Anne, 
daughter of the laic David Moseley 
and Mrs S. Stuart-Findlay. of The 
Old Post Office. Fitdewonta. West 

Mr M.P. Tyler 
and Miss F. Pistorius 
The engagement is announced 
between Malcolm, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs F. Tyler of Guildford, 
and Frances, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs B. Pistorius. of 

Dr D. M. Ward 

Mr A. M. Rutty 
and Miss J. >L Mellows 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Mark, youngest 
son of Mr and Mrs M. E. Rutty, and 
Julia Mary, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs A. P. Mellows, both of 
Dorking. Surrey . 

Mr R. E. S bar land 
and Miss H. J. Bright 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs E. W. Sharland. of West 
Monkton. Taunton. Somerset, and 
Hilary, elder daughter of the late Mr 
R. G. Bright and Mrs R. C. Morris, 
ofHurdcott. Salisbury. Wiltshire. 

Mr A. D. Tasker 
and Mm P. V. R. Maguire 
The engagement is announced 
between Alan, only son of the late 
Mr and Mre Douglas Tasker, of 
Bristol, and Lindy. daughter of the 
late Mr Benn Thompson and of Mrs 
Freda Thompson, of Epworth. 

engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs M. J. Ward, of Hampton. 
Middlesex, and Alison, eldest 
daughter of Dr and Mrs R. M. 
Glaister. of Sawbridgeuorth. Hert- 

MrJ. P.S. Wright 
and Miss E. Dodds 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathon Wright. The 
Queen's Regiment son of Mr and 
Mrs Peter Wnght of Great, Surrey, and Elaine, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Norman 
Dodds, of Low Fell. Tyne and Wear. 


Mr P.V. Devine 

and Miss K- M. Hooper 

The marriage took place in London 

on January 2. 1986. between Mr 

Paul Vincent Devine and Miss 

Karen Margot Hooper. 

Mr J.l_ Payne 

and Miss J. D. M Dagworthy 

The marriage took place quietly in 

London yesterday between Mr 

Julian Payne and Miss Judith 


Birthdays today 

Brigadier Sir John Anstcy. 79: Mr 
David Atherton. 42: Mr John 
Bam borough. 65: Mr Michael 

Barrett. 58: Mr Victor Borax 77: 
Professor Bryan Carsberg. 47: Lord 
Colston. 84: Mr Fran Colton. 38: Sir 
AUstair Forbes, 78: Mr R. Hanbury- 
Tenison. 61: Sir Roy Harding. 62: 
Sir Ercingion Keville. 85; Miss Anya 
Linden. 53: Sir John Ridded. 52; Mr 
R. R. Sreedman. 57; Mr John Thaw. 
44; Mr David Vine, SO: Mr Michael 
Vyner, 43; Professor T. S. Willan, 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

Sir Austin Pearce, chairman of the 
industrial policy committee of The 
CBI. to be a trustee and chairman of j 
the Science Museum in succession 
to Sir Arnold Hall. FRS. who retired 
on December 31. Mr Lawrence 
Braudes, former under- secretary in 
the Office or Arts and Libraries, to 
be a trustee of the museum in 
succession to Sir John Lidbttry. on 
the expiry of his terra of office. 

Mr Ian Edward Donovan, control- 
ler. finance and pfenning, of the 
Civil Aviation Authority, to be a 
member of the authority as grot 
director responsible for 
and central services. 

Lord Carrington to be president of] 
the Cbiliem Open Air Museum. 

Mr Lewis Britz and Mr Pip Flint to 
be part-time members of the i 
Monopolies and Mergers Com-: 


Mr John Altman to be a foil-time I 
hairman of industrial tribunals in | 
the Sheffield region from January 

Mrs Barbara Adamson Calvert QC. 
to be a full-time chairman of 
ndustrial tribunals in the Loudon 
South region from January 1 3. 

The Queen 


By Robin Young 

The Queen has granted 38 
new royal warrants 10 trades- 
men who regularly supply her 
with goods and services ranging 
from the purely practical to the 
positively prodigal. 

Those who are oewiyallowed 
to describe themselves as “By 
Appointment to Her Majesty 
The Queen” include suppliers 
of preserved timber fen ~ 
(Armstrong Addison A Co 
of Sunderland); suppliers of 
pea harvesting ' - equipment 
(FMC Corporation): ■ and 
fertilizer . manufacturers (UKF 

These are also purveyors of 
smoked salmon (PEnneyV of 
Scotland), suppliers of phea- 
sant . poults (Spey Pheasan- 
triesL and of game food (Peter 
S-- CaU5e of Aberdeen). Bofler 
Maintenance and Plumbing 
Repairs ' of' Newmarket gels 
recognition for its attention to 
the royal piping as boiler 
service engineers, while H. C. 
Bynoth of King's Lynn gets 
approval for keeping a roof 
over royal heads as roofing 

Alistair Cassie of Bailater is 
the television engineering firm 
that keeps the Queen's recep- 
tion up to par in her more 
remote retreats, while 
Northern Heating Supplies of 
Aberdeen keeps them warm. 

Among the more prosaic 
royal requirements provided by 
new royal warrant holders are 
plastic bags (R & L Packaging) 
and forklift tracks (Sanderson 
Ltd of Skegness)- Brentfbrds 
supplies the royal be dli nen. 

Disasters in the royal house- 
hold are likely to be referred to 
Clive Swindle Restorations Ltd 
of Westerham, porcelain re- 
storers; or R. Wilkinson and 
Son of London, glass restorers. 
Polish is supplied by -John 
Myl&nd Ltd. There is also now 
a royally appointed manufac- 
turer of computer software: 
Slathers and Hardy (Henley) 

The Prince of Wales has 
made some new appointments, 
too. The one company be brings 
to the royal warrant holders* 
list which does not already bold 
a warrant from one of his royal 
relatives is Exhnions limited 
of London. They make 
raODOgrammed accessories. 

Latest wills 

Kingswood School 

bpring Term at Kingswood begins 
on January 7. 1986. The entrance 
examination will be hdd on 
February 3. Four performances of | 
La Belle Helene will be given at the 
school from March 5 to 8. The 
Kingswood Association London 
dinner is on March 20 at the Royal 
Commonwealth Society, Northum- 
berland Avenue. 



At Boots, the season of 
goodwill runs from December 

Bring your Christmas happy 
snaps along then, and with your 
prints you’ll find coupons* worth 
£22 off photographic equipment, 
film, processing and even 
cameras. It could be 
the best film offer this 
side of Hollywood. 

'Sub icc ! . to stock availjbiiirv 

Lord Diptock. a lord of appeal in 
ordinary since 1968, who gave his 
name to the Diptock court system in 
Northern Ireland, left estate valued 
at £349.588 net After 1 -various 
bequests he left the residue upon 
trust 10 his wife for life and then 
nine-tenths of the remainder to 
form "the Diplock Bequest”, for 
educational purposes of a charitable 
nature connected with the Middle 
Temple, and one-tenth of the 
remainder to the Barristers Benevol- 
ent Association. 

Mrs Eva Alexander, of Eastbourne, 
let): £236.178 net. After personal 
bequests totalling £2^50 and effects 
she left the residue to East Sussex 
Area Health Authority, preferably 
for the purchase of ■ a 

Mrs Isabel Wakefield, of Westmins- 
ter, London (Isabel Jeans, the 
actress) left £46.607 net. 

Other estates include (net, before 
tax paid): 

Barnard, Mr Osbert Howard of 
Islington, London .JE352.282 


Eminent man of letters 

loiti Dgvid.CppiLCH. CLiL 
the eminent' critic and mad , of 
letters, ritcd-oir January i at the 

Through his leaching and his 
books. Cecil did 'rnucfi. to 
popularize authors, or periods 
which have at. various tunes 
fallen out of favour with; the 
critical profession, and’ 'his 
writings had .a wide appeal to 
the general reader. He was 
Goldsmith's Professor of Eng- 
lish Literature in the University 
of Oxford from 1948 to 1969. 

■ Lord Edward ■. Cmistian 
David Gascoyne Cecil, who was 
bomon April 9, 1902, was the 
second son atid. fourth child of 
fee fourth. Marquess of Salis- 
bury.. In his cfcfidhood he mixed 
in die remaricabfc sotiety of 
Hatfield . House . and formed 
those opinions "on- politics, 
religion aw fixerarore whi ch he 
fceptferough life. " 

He- went taEion- which he 
greatly enjoyed, .and then '■.■to 
Christ C3iurch, Oxibrd, where 
he was:forturuueio be inspired 
by the teaching of IC G. Fetling, 
and took a first cD&s m history evidence 
in 1924. Feeling that his Castes 
were academic rather than than of their 
political, he accepted a fellow- His 




stimulated argument, kepi con- • : 

testing undergraduates to tht , 4 i 3 
point at issue, and delighted 
them by strokes of wuwtow 
which they would later fa the l *’ 
week regale their tutors. iJa 
H e continued to write. Two ' 

■ Quiet Lives, which appeared in 
the year of his election ^ T | 

perhaps rather too quiet a book- 'rtf! I i 4 

U..t f AS/lQCAvZ. * 

but Lord Af (1954) was a 
sequel to The Young A/tffettXjJj' 1 

and showed his inborn of j 

the real i ties of-paliiics. . ’ 

f l 

He was much in demand 
lectures and collected them In 
Poets and Storytellers < 1949 % ^ 

and The Fine Art of Heading f [ 

Max (1.964), a full-scale 1 
Cecil was actually a man of biography of Max 
lenens rather than an academic, .was written atibe request of his' 

He was not drawn , towards widow. Some critics thought 
traditional scholarship, editing that Beerbohm’s life. was even 
or large-scale literary histi> 7 , quieter than the lives of Gray 
and he was uninterested in and Dorothy Osborne and did 
critical theory. He was -hostile not merit such extended treat- 
to wards dogmatisms of every menL Bui his temperament and 
kind and regarded many of the . personality appealed very 
discriminations and. revalu- d«ply to ; his biographer and it q. 
ations of critics of the thirties as was this he set himself to Jfb-C * k '" * 
of their authore' display by extensive quotations 
imperfect sympathies rather from fetters and personal. papere ; 

ir intellectual rigour, and from the remuusceaces of i 

U' ;v 

Bentley. Mr William Alexander, of 

Chelsea, London. £415,638 

Callow, the Hon Sophia Maxgara, 

of Mentfaam. Surrey £522^74 

Ersldae, Hon David Simon Sl 
C lair, of Kensingion London 


Fewell, Mr Victor Robert of 
Longford, Middlesex, market gar- 
dener £484,223 

GUddan, Mr John Hen wood of 

Yeovil Somerset X3 20.886 

Haworth. Mis Dorothea of Manley, 

Cheshire £347.641 

Larenby Mr Eric Walter of 
Hcathneld. East Sussex — £336.764 

Church to celebrate 
laity centenary 

The Church of England celebrates 
next month the centenary of the 
foundation of its first bouse of laity. 
The Prince and P rinc es s of Wares 
win attend a special evensong at 
Westminster Abbey on Monday, 
February 3, and a reception 
afterwards at the Banqueting HaO, 
Whitehall, to mark the reform. 

In 1886 a house of laity of 104 
members, including 21 MPs. 10 
earls, six barons and five viscounts, 
was added to the Canterbury 
convocation. A York boose of 
Laymen came six yean later. 

University news 


Elections . . . 

To nw AIMtair Horny I ndkwrthtp 
fnr Hum Trim I MfrJMMrt McMDOn 

Maori. j^a^mhaT^Smic 

c Onto Vnr. tWtt P rorgoar E amw 

.. - . . -. own interest was in 

ship at Wadham, where he. works of art as the expression of 
taught first history L and then individual imaginations, shaped 

but not limited by historical 
circumstances. This led him to 
biography arid to the critical 
essay on a single work or on a 
single author's oeuv/e. 

His first book. The Stricken 
Deer (1929) was a deeply 
sympathetic and imaginative 
life of William Cowper; his 
second.' Early Victorian Novel- 
ias < 1934), a set of essays based 
on his Oxford lectures, boldly 
defended writers then under a 
cloud of critical disapproval 
and general neglect, and stri- 
kingly anticipated the revival of 
admiration for the great Victo- 

, The ■ Young Melbourne 
(1939), which embodied much 
more original, research than he 
would admit, gave the brilliant 
company gave. He had strong . picture of the Regency and 
convictions, firmly based on his contained a wonderfully diverse 
deeply held religious beliefs; but series of character studies, 
these did not limit the range of - perhaps the finest being that of 
his sympathies- He rather Lady Melbourne, 
enjoyed the company of those 
whose opinions did not match 
his own. 

In bis lectures he drew; large 
audiences, and if his personal 
mannerisms were unusually 
marked in them, and he was not 
always perfectly audible, his 
hearers were delighted by his 
lack of pomposity and by the 
contrast between his ethereal, 
even rather ftaii. appearance 
and the vigour and robust good 
sense of many of his comments. 

He displayed, the. two xfoafifies 
he demanded of, a antic, 
com monsense -and uncommon - 
sensibility. . ’T-' - 

• ’• • -- -x '■ -■■' " ' 

literature untfl 1932. 
in that year be was married 
to RacheL. daughter of Sir 
Desmond MacGartKy, by whom 
he bad two sons and one 
daughter. He retired to live in 
the country and pursue his 
literary work, but jn 1938 he 
returned to Oxford as a fellow 

of New CoUege- 
Cecii was ah excellent teach- 
er. He had a gift, for going 
straight to the heart of a subject 
and was quick to expose what 
he thought shoddy or: -silly, 
although he.did-so with such wit 
and humour that it was difficult 
to feel offence. 

■Unlike some brilliant talkers, 
he was an exceptionally stimu- 
lating listener. This was one of 
the sources of his success as jL 
teacher and of the pleasure his 


: It was followed by his Clark 
Lectures on Hardy the Novelist 
(1943). in : which -he again 
anticipated modern admiration 
/of Hardy as novelist and poet. 

Cecil's success as a writer and 
lecturer made him an obvious 
choice for the newly founded 
Goldsmiths' Professorship of 
English Literature in 1948, and 
his -election was fully justified, 
by bis tenure of the post His . _ 

.formal lectures continued -to retirement which, being largely 
attract ' large .... numbers; 'but ‘ written by -his old - ' ** 
perhaps his greatest .contri- 
bution was in his discussion- 
classes. where his nimble mind 


The result was a triumph in 
its re-creation of a remarkable 
and original htunan being wife «<-' 
an independence of mind feat p’ 
chimed vrifo-bis biographer's. 

David Cedi had a great fond 
of vitality, a lively love of 
conversation, and many inter- 
ests outside his work. His 
family life was-one of Uhbroken 
happiness and drew out his * 
most charming qualities. He 
had an avid cundrity about 
human beings, and if at times 
he seemed to trail relics from a 
lost world of the past, feat did 
not prevent him. from entering 
with -zest - into the varied 
activities of university and 
college life. 

- After his retirement he settled 
at Cran borne, turned 1 tis mind 
to family history, and appeared 
frequently on fetevision, being a 
great success' to various parlour 
games as weft as in Brain* 
Trusts, and in more 'serious 
interviews and talks rat poetry. 

This period produced several 
moire ■ books, including; The 
Cecils of Hatfield House #973), 

A Portrait of Jane Austerr( 1978) 
and A Portrait qf Charles Lamb 
(1983). ' ‘ 

He. was appointed CH in 
1949. CLit in 1972, and was an 
honorary doctor of London. 
Leeds; Liverpool. St 'Andrews 
and Glasgow. But perhaps the 
recognition that gave him most 
pleasure was the volume of 
essays presented to him on his 

I- 1 - ' " 

reflected both the wide range i 
us own interests and the 
inspiring success of his tradung. 


- Prince Birabongse qf Siam, 
better known on the racing 
dretrits of the prewar' and 
immediate postwar periods as 
the driver B_ Bira, died on 
December 23. He was 71. 

Bira made his name as a 
driver of the British 1%, fitre 
supercharged ERA car on 
domestic and foreign circuits in 
the 1930s and was a familiar 
sight in either of his blue racing 
vehicles, named Romulus and 
Remus at the Phoenix Park, 
Donington and Brooldands 
tracks. After Sam gained 
international recognition as a 
racing nation in 1939 Boa's cars 
raced in the blue and yellow of 
his own country. 

Prince Birabongse was born 
in 1914, the son of Prince 
Bhanurangsri of Siam. At. the 
age of 1 3 he came to this - 
country and was educated at 

His motor racing career 
in 1935 when he raced a 
Imp at Donington and 
later in that year he raced an 
MG Magnetic. Then his cousin. 
Prince Chula, who was also his 
manager, bought him an ERA 
and a measure of his quality is 
indicated in his coming second 
in fee car in his first drive in it . 
at Dieppe in 1935. 

In tire following year he- won 
the International Trophy Race 
at Brookiands, beating Ray- 
mond Mays in a factory ERA by 
just half a length after an utterly 
enthralling race of 25GmJes. 

Among his victories before 
the war were the Picardy and 
Albi Grand Prix and he won the 

Bint at Goodwood in 1950 

Isle of Man international Car 
Race in an ERA m l 937 and the 

1 During the war he was a 
glider instructor in the Air 
Training Corps and in 1946, 
after only 3 hours 35 minutes 
dual flying, he became one of 
the first pilots to qualify for an 
“A" licence following the Kiting 
of the ban on civil flying. 

He returned to motor taring 
also, after the war, winning fee 
1946 Ulster Trophy in his ERA 
and the 1948 Zandvoort Grand 
Prix in fee MaseratL 
■ But by now Prince Chula had 
ceased to manage him and in 
the increasingly complex and 
costly world ot postwar racing ii 
became difficult to compete as a 
private entrant. Nevertheless he 
came 5th in the first postwar 
Grand Prix at Silverstone in 
1948 and on several occasions 
was to bold the lap record on 
that circuit He also took part in 


:i ; 

it;. , 


Campbell Trophy at Brook- the first production car race at 
lands in the same year after Silverstone, driving a Jaguar. 

driving a : beautiful rate in bis 
MaseralL which Prince Chula 
had by now boughL-far him< in 
addition win secondfi^A: . : : 

; He was also, three ^ years 
running, road racing champion 
of England. :v 

Bira was a neai;- clean driver, 
who stayed vexy calm behind 
the wheel, and perhaps these 
qualities were . never better 
demonstrated than at Crvstal 
Palace in 1939 when he hung-on 
grimly briuhd litre Alfe 

Romeo pTflie Swi sS driver Hans 
RpesctUTo! his ERA' of less than 
half tire^engure capapty, to nip 
pasr mt before ■the .finish, -to 
lake the Sydenham Trophy. • 


Sir Ian Gwytme-Evans. third 
baronet, who died on December 
27 at the age of 76, was 
managing director and chair-' 
man of the Real Estate Corpor- 
ation of South Africa from 1950 
to 1973 and from 1973 to 1979 
deputy chairman. 

The elder son of Sir Evan 
Gwymre-Evans. second baronet, -- 
he was educated at RNC 

Dartmouth .and served in the 
Rqykl Navy for some years. He 
retired in 1934 but was again 
employed in the. Navy in the 
Second World War. He suc- 
ceeded to the baronetcy on die 

deathorhis fethcrlo 1959. 

; ; He was twice married. and is 
succeeded by -hii brother" 'Mr 
Francis Loring Gwvnne-Evans. 

A slight, almost petite,; figure 
on -foe track. 'Bira haff another 
interest ttKich lie riAedTjust as 
imporiaht as motor raring. 
..Instead!; of going 1 to:. Cam- 
bridge after Etop he had studied 
art in .London;! and rmttte -his 
.public debut as a sculptor at the 
Royal ACadetny 64 W3£ftith a 
bronze’ figure: vTiteneaftdr -he 

i&pilariy/exhibited} briwtritpor- 

trah Treads;^ ^ Ws atkihr nufto^ 
Field- Marshal Smuts'- /^md 
yiscountTredeffain,". ' . 

r He • had : ldtterij xirh., ; an 
airfreight '.-butiites§- ’apd his 
navigating . , eacploits .Amj jhc 

Bangcok-Ldndon ' 'run jw'ere 
twice TnairlecL f r ’ : . 

, Mr J. Pud Austin, a former 
chainnan- of the.- Coca-Cola 
company' who' Intnxldiced ihe 
soft drink io China' in 1978, 
died at hisTiome at Atlanta on 
December 27. He was 70. • 

Lady Mencrriff, wife of the 
5th Baron- Mpncrgiff, '^ied on 
December 17. Shp witf- the 
former Emd Marion. Watson 
Locke, and married in 1952. - 

Sdeace report 

Progress made on child heart t ransplants 

Heart tnutsqffut operations hi fee 
Uak*4 Stxtn in the next fr* yfexrs 
are likely w IncMe iaoeasiag 
numbers of chfldneo, aeoordiag ter 
Dr Narman Shreaw ay, fee pioneer 
mow at Stanford La he rs ltv 
medical enure is CiIKoMia. 

Shoflar progress can also be 
expected Is Britain where m Jtiy 
1984 ■ KVdsy-oJd baby fM 
beouae fee worWi y o nnuej l bent 
txaaapUirt patiem. 

Adraaorete aatikfSertMA dtags 
and gmsbl ted uti qnes have 
dnu n a rioi q r e x p an ded the traas- 

ptiizrt pasribflftiet for children. Dr 

tdmvray says. Of It patients 
under 18 who bare received 
traasfiaated hearts at Stanford, 

By Tbomsoti Prentice, Science Correspondent 
16 are alive and weU.^nbr rentta 

seem to be batter hi (bo »ua«r 
«*e group", benyx. ■ 

Sugetas ouw know Jhua case 

Umnies tteu a tnmsplaBted fomrt 

wm grew and derriop ahwg with 
a* patient, tbhs anddag It feasible 
te contider heart triweplanB te 
yww**rpttfc«S. . ■ ■ 

Another fikter fovonriag traaa- 

pfoats for Midi patients fe .fee 
de vriepiarnf af fee lap^. 
rcssant im cydoatparin*. 
can be wed m SmUer doaea and 
has fewer severe iBde rifoett fean 
eTtbi ; drags prerioBstji used. 

Heart Mowfar. wfafcfc awt be' 

t J f K? rac ? <t are urntns insert- 

an rehottrdtagn^ ^ 

32,. dtH * witlloat Pterdng the 

: 'nre mufs yuangest patient is a 
Strl wbo was grreu a transplant a 
yeara^j, when she was tiro and a 

Wf run old. BrifoioTs baSag 
tttesptat centres at Bapmfrfe 
HarefieU hospitals butt 
perfonned heart grafts -on dukfos 


A* present, few bean ^ 
« chObtti are performed 
to the U nited Stales 
Stanford has the ifawt heart- 

oak in 

Wfo” “dy two or ■ three 
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Cinema: David Robinson greets 
an auspicious British start to 
1986, and (below) John Preston 
meets the film’s director 


Gabriel Byrne (left)* giving a star 
performance as the hero, and Denholm 
Elliott on home ground In Defence of the Realm 

Defence of the Realm 


Odeon Haymarket 

Fire Festival 

•; ICA 


Best Defence (15) 


Whh Defence of the Re alm the Britishr 
cinema makes an auspicious entry 
into 1986. As a political thriller of. 
contemporary reference. It is some- 
thing quite new for the national 
cinema; and it teams an interesting 
group of new talents. Lynda Myles, 
who co-produced, was previously .the 
film-crazed director of the Edinburgh , 
Film Festival and in turn director, of 
the Pacific F ilm Archive. The 
director. David Drury, worked on 
documentary before making an 
undervalued first feature, Forever- 
Young. which startingly introduced 
the realism of tortured sexuality into; 
the bland nostalgia of the . First Lave 
series. The writer, Martin ; SteHman, 
co-wrote Quadrophenia and Babylon, 
both of which revealed a keen sense of 
the realities of contemporary Britain. 

For David Puttnam, as executive 
producer, the film marks an intriguing 
change of orientation. Chariots of Fire 

owed much of its success to the way. it 
reflected the aggressive optimism and 
competitive spirit of the early, period 
' of. the Thatcher administration: the 
film’s American release opportunely 
coincided . with/ the Falklands war. 
Defence of the Realm as accurately 
records the kind of paranoia that 
results fromlast ywr’s revelations of 
the spread of official surveillance and 
such disquieting mysteries as the 
murder of Miss Morrell.' The film is I 
about the perils when security services 
get out of hand, vindicating Dr 
Johnson's fears that “where secrecy or 
mystery begins, vice or roguery is not 
far ofT. ... . . 11 

It is also about the vulnerability of- 
the Press to manipulation. The hero 
(Gabriel Byrne, in a real star 
performance) is a. newspaper man. 
who naively jumps at high level 
“leaks'* which make him an instru- 
ment in discrediting an MP. Only 
after a more sceptical colleague' dies 
■mysteriously, while attempting '•* to • 
probe the story more, deeply, does he ; 
begin to realize that he has been made ' 
a tool in a much- larger intrigue 
involving the highest level of the 
security services. His own further 
investigations blunder, into the sensi- 
tive Mid secret area of the Defence of. 
foe Realm; he Rams too late that 
State and-Spedal Branch have their - 
■ways of silencing such intruders. 

■ There are a few narrative hitches ;of 
the, kind that usually Indicate 
abbreviation of an. overlong first 
script These apart. Defence of the 
Reaim -has all foe attractions, of a 
swift-moving thriller, with nicely 

managed suspense sequences, admir r 
able performances (most notably by 
Denholm Elliott its foe Fleet Street 
dinosaur who still believes in truth) 
and atmospheric photography by 
Roger Deakins. What makes . it so 
sinister is the discovery of menace in 
cosily, familiar characters and circum- 
stances. The Special Branch men are 
polite and undramatic: at foe centre of 
MI5V labyrinth we find only cour- 
teous, suited, gentlemanly civil 
servants; the most sinister trail is 
likely to end up in the hushed serenity 
of a - West End club. Orders to kill are 
uttered in cultivated Engtifo voices. It 
’ is a gripping, disturbing and docu- 
mentaiy thriller. 

The first time I saw Mitsuo 
Vanagitnachf's Fire Festival it was 
without subtitles or translation. That 
is seemed more coherent and 
comprehensible in this way, with 
details of dialogue and incident left 
unexplained, is not altogether un- 
complimentary to foe film. Atmos- 
pheres and moods are more part of 
YanagimachTs intention than con- 
ventional narrative. The scenes are 
composed as a mosaic rather than a 
story progression; and foe viewer has 
often to surmise foe links between 
events and characters. 

• Yanagimachi (who is 42, graduated 
in law and began his film career 
making documentaries) explains “I 
wanted to deepen foe theme of man's 
relationship with nature, which I 
touched on in my last film, Farewell 
to the Land". The setting is a small 
fishing port in south-western Japan. 

Behind the town rise the thickly 
forested foothills of a range of 
mountains. There is a sharp social 
division between the fisherfolk and 
foe forest people who work the timber 
industry, and a whole world between 
the millennia-old traditions of foe 
place and the incursions of modem 
life, including proposals for a marine 
reserve and a nuclear power station. 

The hero. Tatsuo. symbolizes the 
schizophrenia. He lives with his 
bourgeois wife in a neat little modem 
house in the town where his sons 
attend foe local schooL When he goes 
into the hills, however, to work as a 
tree- feller, he becomes a man of foe 
forest, armed with age-old hunting 
lore and propitiating foe mountain 
goddess with strange' sexual rituals. 
The most memorable parts of the film 
are these which show Tatsuo as foe 
rude and earthy prophet of a 
pantheistic world: foe exu-aordinaiy 
climax is a scene of authentic magic 
where he stills a storm by means of 
mystical union whh an ancient tree. 

Almost as striking is the evocation 
of foe waterfront where a chorus of 
ancient fisherfolk sit in permanent 
judgement on foe world around them. 
In the community's theatre of 
characters Yanagimachi strives, 
sometimes a shade too effbnfuUy, to 
portray the whole spectrum of a world 
in flux, from foe old pantaloon rogue 
of a property broker and the universal 
predatory whore to rockers and hell's 
angels. Tatsuo, foe traditionalist, sees 
foe old ways vanishing: people force t 
the rituals of the 2,000-year-old fire 
festival; and saucy gestures on the way 

to the brothel are a crude parody of 
the phallic offerings of foe mountain. 

Practically every week nowadays 
produces a film that the critic believes 
must be the worst ever, but next week 
there is usually another. Best Defence, 
though, must surely and finally have 
struck rock-bottom. It is a comedy 
without a single laugh, its only 
curiosity being foe bizarre separation 
of its two pans. Dudley Moore is an 
engineer working on a supenank in 
1982: Eddie Murphy is a tank 
commander testing foe extremely 
defective product in 1984 (apparently 
in the course of light-hearted but 
heavily armoured American military 
intervention against Iraq and along- 
side Syria); and never foe twain meet. 
Even if they did. it is unlikely the 
encounter would raise a smile, given 
the script co-written by William 
Huyck. who also directed, and Gloria 
Katz, who also produced. 

A recommended West End revival 
is Laurence Olivier's Richard III. 
which opens today at foe Cannon 
Cinematheque in foe Swiss Centre, 
Leicester Square, just 30 years after its 
first release. It is now easier to forgive 
its unrepentant theatricality, for the 
stylishness of the design by Roger 
Furse and Carmen Dillon, Tor 
Walton's music, and for foe perform- 
ances. Olivier's archetypal Crook- 
back. Gielgud's Clarence, Richard- 
son's Buckingham, the aged Cedric 
Hardwicke's Edward Iv and the 
young Claire Bloom's Lady Anne 
head a whole pageant of foe British 
theatre of foe day. 

‘I was so hungry to make cinema that I wasn’t going to let anything stand in my way’ 

The political thriller is a rare 
animal in the British cinema, 
seldom spotted and then usually 
found to be without much in . 
the way of teeth. While , the 
corridors of power swarm with 
just about every conceivable 
kind of corruption and vice in 
numerous European and 'Ame- 
rican movies, over here there 
has been a marked disincli- 
nation among directors to 
depict dark deeds in high places. 
But, just to prove that there is 
still life in the home-grown 
beast, along comes Defence of 
the Realm, a rich mixture of 
cover- ups, political scandal and 
assorted dirty dealings in 
Westminster and Fleet Street 
with a whiff of nuclear fall-out 
to ensure maximum' topicality. 

The film was directed by 
David Drury, who has managed 
the notable, indeed- possibly 
unique, feat of hopping from 
documentary to .tdevugon. 
drama to his first feature film in 
his last three projects. It was 
David Puttnam who marked 
Drury down as a man to watch 
and who gaye him foe chance to 

break; into drama .with Ray 

received when shown, on tele- 
vision^ foe fibn was also given a 
brief ■ release in foe cinema . 
where it fared lessrhappily. The 
^experience left "Drury all foe 
.more determined- to prove his 
worth on the "big screen. 

• “When Defence of the Realm 
came up I was so- hungry to 
make cinema that I wasn't going 
to let anything : stand in my 
way”, he says; “Above afl jt; 
wanted .to' do something that 
had - male and was completely 
different from anything Td 
done before. Io fact, the idea of 
- doing a thriller' bad . always 
appealed to me. If you can fi nd 
the right script, it’s a marvellous 
opportunity to make a film that 
• is. ^tistically appealing: perti- 
nent : and of course exciting. 
iHaving dreamed ’.of getting into 
movies", for. 'So long, 1 was ; 
determined to-do something 
■within the context of the; piece 
and foe confines of the budget 
that was literally bursting at foe 

I seams. , .. 

“I remember one of the first 
days of filming we had to do 



5 piece of work’ • 

$ (Time Out)T 

® — s 

I presentation of 
3 one of the 
g greatest plays 5 

3 ■ tERmesj 

3 Lyttelton: Tonight & 

• Mon at 7 . 45 , Ttoinor at 
1 2.15 & 7 . 45 . 

O Then Jan 16 , 17 , ■ 
g 18 (m&e), 20 - . 

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CC 387 6293 

Twkf w«l tanoirw ZZOpni and Tfcm £5 £8) 


- bi'uryi^Now I want the 
. whole traiiisef’ 

this shot of a car driving down a 
country road. The cameraman 
was suggesting various ways of 
doing it and I said no, what Td 
really like to do is dig a big hole - 
in foe middle of foe road and 
shoot it from there. 1 could see 
foe blood literally draining out 
of : . people’s faces as they 
thought. Oh God, what have we 
got here?” 

Oldham, which used to feature 
regularly on the list of most 
deprived towns in England and 
Wales, enjoyed a different claim 
to. fame earlier this year when it 
was host to the Duke Ellington 
Convention (Duke Ellington - 
Love You Madly, Granada). 

In- some ways this pro- 
gramme was an object-lesson in 
how not to make a documen- 
tary. For example, Ellington's 
classic “Single Petal of a Rose” 
was illustrated in foe best “let's 
use images , as wallpaper” 
tradition, with a close-up of a 
pink; dewy rose. - 

Yet, for all its shortcomings 
of technique, foe programme 
. managed to be engaging 
throughout Ellington's music 
had a great deal to so with this. 
-So had the reminiscences 1 of 

Sadler’s Wells 

The programme chosen to open 
SswJIefs ‘ Wells Royal Ballet’s 
appearance: in its home theatre 
on. -New Year's Eve was so 
seasonable that two of the' three 
works ended in a fturiy of snow. 

Although Drury , had been 
aching to get out of documen- 
taries and into drama for some 
time, he found his early training 
invaluable when he fiaally 
made the switch. “It was an 
immense help. . When you shoot 
a documentary you're really, 
flying by the seat of your pants; 
you’ve got virtually no idea 
where you're going or what 
you’re likely to end up with. But 
you can't allow yourself to get 
bogged down in any problems 
that may crop up; you just get 
on " with " it and find a way 
through. Knowing you can do 
that is very important, so too is 
foe knowledge that you can 
persuade people to trust you 
and to open up their hearts. 1 
remember when I first met 
David Puttnam he asked me' if I 
bad any worries about working 
with actors. 1 thought, well, if I 
can stand in front of the board 
of Manchester City Football 
Club and persuade them to let 
me make a film about the club 
when they are 100 per cent 
opposed to foe idea to begin 
with, then surely I can handle 
actors. After all, in foe worst 

possible world they’re only 
going to be 50 per cent against 

It was Drury’s documentary 
on the inner workings of 
Manchester City for Granada 
that first brought him to 
Puttnam’s attention. Drury 
originally wanted to spend a 
year following the changing 
fortunes of foe club but 
budgetary constraints forced 
him to cram the whole thing 
into 10 days’ shooting. With 
immense good fortune he 
picked the 10 days in which 
City chose to dispense with 
their then manager Malcolm 
Allison and engage foe services 
of John Bond instead. For 
Drury, it could not have been 
better timing. The Manchester 
City board on the other hand, 
having had grave doubts about 
foe project in the first place, 
now had to grin fixedly as their 
dirty linen was hoisted to the 
top of a large proportion of the 
nation's television aerials. And. 
to cap it all with classical 
neatness, Drury's last day of 
shooting fell on foe Saturday 
that City played a home game 


Emanating warmth 

Jimmy Hamilton and Willie 
Cook (Ellington's clarinettist 
and irumpter respectively) who 
vividly conjured up a sense of 
foe bygone age when bands 
travelled the United Slates by 
bus, playing a town a night 
. But foe most important 
element was foe genuine sense 
of warmth and affection ema- 
nated by those who had 
gathered for foe convention. 
United in their admiration for 
the master, their egos seemed to 
have been dissolved. The 
feeling was infectious and at the 

end one was left with a 
marvellous sense of well-being. 

Private Enterprise (Channel 
4). from foe Comic Strip stable, 
look an old chestnut - the 
British rock industry and how 
to swindle it - mixed in some 
familiar elements (a Boy George 
double and a con-man) and vet 
managed to produce something 
fresh and engaging. The 
strength of foe storyline (often 
neglected in pastiche of this 
type) and foe development of 
the characters (they did not 
suffer at the hands of foe plot) 


In other respects the ballets 
were attractively varied, making 
up a triple bill of deservedly 
firm favourites. 

The centre-piece and chief 
draw was Petrushka, In John 
. Auld’s lively production of the 
Fokine - choreography. The 
company performs this very 
well, and on opening night was 
led by David Biniley in foe title 

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^ • -PAUL* -MARIA- 






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part. -As he proved in a 
television programme a year or 
so ago, when he made foe 
dramatic solo in Petrushka’s 
cell work perfectly in a studio 
without benefit of scenery - and 
analyzed how he achieved it - 
he has an understating of foe 
role that goes right to the heart 
of foe matter. 

Nobody else whom I have 
seen in this ballet (not even 
Massine. Nureyev or Golovine, 
the force strongest contendere) 
has made so much sense of it. 
Bimley’s Petrushka, like 
Nurcyev’s Spectre de la rose , 
uniquely has made me under- 
stand foe excitement foal 
Nijinsky created when those 
ballets were new, 75 years ago. 

The other leading roles were 
also admirably done. Car! 
Myers has much developed his 
playing of foe Moor into a 
performance of clumsy power, 
and Margaret Barbieri gives the 
ballerina doll a degree of detail 
and conviction that only real 
ballerinas can achieve in the 
role, small and artificial though 
it is. They were excellently 

Renaissance giggles 

against Crystal PaJacc, who had 
just snapped up Allison. 

Drury followed up City with 
another documentary for Gra- 
nada about Alan Minter's 
successful attempt to wrest foe 
world middleweight crown from 
Vito Antuofcrmo in Las Vegas. 
After Minter went out Puttnam 
wrote to express his admiration. 
“Unfortunately I never got the 
letter. At least not until several 
months later when it seemed 
loo late to do anything about it. 
My wife kept nagging me to 
phone him up and I kept 
putting it off. But eventually I 
did and we arranged a meeting. 
He started off by saying that he 
thought I should be making 

With Defence of the Realm 
behind him. Drury's enthusi- 
asm is more fired up than ever. 
Deiermindedly level-headed 
though he may be. he is still at 
that stage in his career when 
what until recently were pipe- 
dreams suddenly start to lake 
shape as viable projects on 
screen. “What I’d really like is 
ten million dollars to make a 
film with. Oh yes. and a cast of 
thousands. Now I want foe 
whole train set.” 

had much to do with its success. 
This could be one of the 
funniest programmes of foe 

Tongues of Fire (Channel 4) 
concluded with Craig Raine. In 
the discussion on poetry and 
religion, he seasoned his speech 
with what seemed like an 
abnormal number of colloquia- 
lisms as he strove to give foe 
impression he was just like the 
rest of us. Is this artificial 
egalitarianism - it produced 
such gems as a description of 
George Herbert's relationship 
with God in Denial as a 
■‘tiffeiie” - the price we have to 
pay if more books of poetry arc 
to be bought and more poetry is 
to be read? 

Carlo Gebler 

supported by foe playing all 
through the ensembles. 

Ashton's Les Pat incurs began 
the evening, its dancing jokes 
about skaters showing the 
benefit of polished rehearsal. 
Lili Griffiths and Karen Dono- 
van shone brightest as the two 
whizzing, whirling girls in blue 
(Donovan was featured promi- 
nently and admirably in the 
other two ballets also), and 
Russell Maliphant’s soaring 
jumps made him stand out in 
foe supporting group. 

Ending foe bill with a blaze of 
bravura solos was Galina 
Samsova’s production of the 
showpiece sequence from 
PaQuita, with Marion Tail and 
Roland Price leading a cast that 
showed much spirit although 
‘ not a lot of grandeur. 

Bramwell Tovcy’s conducting 
of the Minkus score for that and 
of Constant Lambert's Meyer- 
beer arrangements for Pali news 
became lugubrious in some 
slow passages but otherwise 
gave vigorous support. 

Consort of 
Wigmore Hall 

This was the second successive 
New Year’s Eve I had spent in 
foe Wigmore Hall. The experi- 
ence has its compensations. 
One is spared the Rabelaisian 
heights of self-expression found 
in Trafalgar Square, and the 
community singing of Scottish 
ballads is definitely off the 

In fact the programme 
devised by Anthony Rooley for 
the six singers and six string 
players of the Consort of 
Musicfce was a strictly Anglo- 
italian affair, being devoted to 
Orazio Vecchi and Thomas 
Ravenscrofi - the two funny 
men of laic Renaissance choral 

Vccchi's comic madrigals 

have many delightfully incon- 
gruous ideas, but farmyard 
imitations can grow wearisome 
by the third or fourth stanza, 
and it is a tribute to the 
ingenuity of these singers (who 
used plenty of robust gestures as 
well as a full range of human 
and animal dialecLs) that the 
laughs from this capacity 
audience came as frequently as 
they did. The Consort rightly 
resisted the temptation to sing 

Endymion Ensemble 

Wigmore Hall 

It was no great service io Sir 
Michael Tippett to place his 
worthy Sonata Tor Four Horns 
of 1955 alongside two substan- 
tial works by Mozart. The 
experience was not unlike 
interrupting a tasting of two 
great vintages with a rather flat 
glass of tonic water. The Sonata, 
despite its intricate part-writing 
and a finale in which cross- 
rhythms abound, emerges as a 
neat essay - but as a pleasurable 
piece of music it was for me a 
non-starter. The performance 
by the skilled quartet of players 
from the ensemble was admir- 
ably suave, with saliva, that 
omnipresent enemy of the 
hornisu never being allowed to 
gum up any passage. 

Mozart’s Divertimento in D, 
K131. had opened foe evening 
and was physically dominated 
by Miss Chi-chi Nwanoku and 
her double bass. Seated on a 
pedestal at the centre of the 
ensemble, her obvious delight 
in the music and in the 
company of her favoured 
companions contributed to 
allow the music to come over 
with a vibrant charm. 

Each performer had some- 

out of tunc for comic effect 
(even when asked to imitate 
viols), but foe interpretations 
abounded in sly glissandL 

Vecchi in more serious 
mood, as in the viol pieces or 
the four choral depictions of the 
“Musical Humours", was a far 
more commonplace composer. 
But one could relish foe 
charming L’anno nuovo, crisply 
written for high voices in 
tuneful homophony and ex- 
pressing the topical hope that 
the new year brings "great 
honours and royal favours'*. 

Ravenscroft's songs and 
rounds, with their seemingly 
inexhaustible obsession with 
male drunkenness and female 
virginity, are better known to 
British audiences, but rarefy 
delivered with foe panache and 
wit applied here. The accents 
ranged from "country yokel” to 
“East End”: "Three Blind 
Mice" was given a veritable 
Mahferian funeral-march of a 
performance: and - for the 
more reverentially inclined - we 
were treated to all nine verses of 
that most lugubrious of Christ- 
mas carols "Remember. O thou 
man”, sung with touching 
simplicity by Emma Kirkby. It 
w-as one straight-faced moment 
in an evening when longues 
were otherwise firmly in checks. 

Richard Morrison 

thing to say. and. although 
stylistic observance was present, 
the reading was entirely unfet- 
tered by academic pedantry. 
The appearance of the horn 
quartet in the two minuet 
movements can sound elephan- 
tine: here there was a peculiar 
feeling of forceful pathos. 

The best wine was reserved 
until last. The Mozart Clarinet 
Quintet is an unassailable 
masterpiece. However, to attain 
a level of performance greater 
than mere success, it is necess- 
ary to have both a string quartet 
and a soloist of exceptional 
quality. Although the string 
group sounded fine within the 
larger ensemble in the Diverti- 
mento. they were a tiule 
exposed here and did not quite 
match Mark van dcr Wicl's 
highly accurate, though rather 
uncoloured, approach. 

The first violinist broke up 
some of the phrases with a 
clumsy legato, and the violist 
should have played out more in 
the Menuetto. Beauty of tone 
may be a prerequisite for 
expressivity, but the one docs 
not necessarily lead to the other 
without the initial artistic 



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Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Labour may tip scales 


A last ditch effort is being made by 
Distillers to persuade Leon Britten, the 
T rade and Industry Secretary, - to refer 
Argyll's £1.9 billion takeover to the. 
Monopolies and Mergers Commission. 
The besieged board is .encouraged, by the. 
Labour Party's arguments in favour of a_- 
reference in an official submission to the - 
Office of Fair Trading/ This has added a 
political dimension to the- wrangling 
which Mr Brittan may find hard to ignore. 

The minister has also been urged by his 
dose personal friend. Lord Hacking oL 
Shoriey. a leading international corporate 
lawyer with considerable experience of 
leveraged bids in the United Stales, to 
order a Monopolies Commission Inquiry. 
Lord Hacking is also a friend of Michael 
Howard, the minister with responsibility 
for corporate and consumer affairs in Mr 
Britian's department, and of course, 
another lawyer. 

The Office of Fair Trading had been 
delaying its advice on .ihe'xnerger to the 
department until it received the Labour 
Party's submission. . It has also - been 
awaiting the personal stamp of Sir. Gordon 
Borne.- the Director General of /Flair " 
Trading, who returns from his Christmas 
holiday on Monday. 

The decision to refer or not to refer, 
which if precedent is followed should be 
made by the offer's first closing date on 
Tuesday will provide an interesting test 
for both Sir Gordon and Mr Brittan. 
Certainly until the Labour Party gave its 
evidence, the OFT and Sir Gordon had 
been against a reference. On the other 
hand. Mr Brittan. for all his free market 
principles, doesn't want to see the 
Distillers m the political arena. With his 
hands filled with Westland, he might 
prefer to tuck the bid away with the 
Commission and enjoy six months' quiet 
Meanwhile the Takeover Panel has 
again come down m favour of Argyll in. 
the running series of complaints that both 
camps have been' making about the other’s - 
newspaper advertismenls. • 

In an adverb sment published by - 
Distillers in a number of newspapers on 
New Year's Eve. Distillers said the Argyll 
was borrowing most of the money needed 
to finance the bid. This statement is- 
wholly untrue. Borrowing represents only 
30 per cent of the total value of Argyll's 
basic offer and the Panel has duly 
instructed Distillers not to repeat the 
phrase “most of* in the context in which it 
was used in the advertismenL Something . 
of a Pyrric victoiy perhaps fpr the removal . 
the offending jphrase now allows the 
advertisment to read Argyll, was "borrow- 
ing the money needed'tofinance their 

For its part Distillers claims to have 
spotted a subtle change in Argyll’s claim - 
that it would not dispose of any of 
Distillers' leading drinks brands 
the bid. In a letter to ns shareholders 
dated December 28. Argyll states that it 
does “not intend selling any of Distillers’ 
valuable Scotch Whisky businesses or . 
brands. This allows scope, according to 
Distillers' director David Connell.' to 
dispose of Gordon's gin and other white , 
spirit interests: Distillers has been con- 
vinced from the start of the takeover battle: 
that Argyll plans major disposals to.-. 
Seagrams if it gains control. “It's a non-. 
point,” says Argyll finance director. David 
Webster. “We would be crazy to contem- 
plate such sales.” 

Kit McMahon will 
be missed 

It is a sign of the times - big bang 1986 in 
particular - that the Bank of England is 
setting up a special social club for former 
members of staff who have moved on to 
other jobs in the City (or indeed 
elsewhere). The prestige and exclusivity of 
the new Thread needle Club will be much 
enhanced if it recruits the-most senior and 
distinguished man to make the transition. Z 

As of the new year Christopher “Kit” 

McMahon. is .no longer deputy governor. 
. He has taken the first step in the three part 
process of withdrawal from -the public 
sector and induction into the private that 
should, see • him safely installed as 
executive chairman of Midland Bank by 
the autumn. And instead George Blunden 
has crime out of an active retirement to fill 
the role of deputy Governor for up to five 

Another distinguished figure from the 
Bank's past. Lord Richardson, pays lavish 
tribute to his former colleague and deputy 
in the new issue of the Bank's suitably 
upmarket home magazine. The Old Lady. 
Mr McMahon, he says, is a personality 
“dominated by intelligence, ready always 
to spread to new or unexpected connec- 
tions, strong in curiosity, wholly lacking in 
stuffiness and full of appreciation for 
humour, the unusual or the yet un- 
sampled. without any loss of underlying 
seriousness”. Quite so. 

That combination of powerful intellect 
with an easy naturalness of manner leaves 
all but a few of those who come into 
contact with temporarily unemployed 
academic-turn ed~banker with a strong 
respect for him and at the same time a 
comforting feeling that he is really one of 

Unfortunately for Mr McMahon, those 
few include both the present Prime 
Minister and Chancellor. Mr McMahon 
has another quality, that of intellectual 
honesty, which does not aid a public 
servant working for politicians wedded to 
a. flawed dogma that they have sensibly 
honoured mostly for the past five years in 
the breach. That honesty will ensure that 
fife in the higher echelons of the Midland 
Bank will not be all roses. It will certainly 
be stimulating. 

Let Britannia 
still rule 

If Guinness Peat succeeds in taking over 
Britannia Arrow, it wdl be a feather in the 
cap of Alastair Morton, who by various 
means has made Guinness Peat tus own. 

Thanks largely to United Kingdon 
Provident Institution, which in February 
last year sold its 25/2 per cent stake in 
Britannia ' to Guinness Peat, and 
additional buying by supporting bankers 
Morgan Grenfell, Mr Morton left his marie 
with a 29.9' per cent start in a 50.01 per 
cent race. . \ • 

Probably hejvoukfhave been home and 
dry had he bought American Insurance 
Group's 4.8 per cent stake which, instead, 
was taken up by Robert MaxwelL He 
-would surely have won had his second 
offer (his first was almost totally rejected 
by other Britannia shareholders) been 
150p cash minimum, not the preferred 
137p cash, disguised as 140p by including 
a 3p Britannia dividend payable in 
another six months. 

The paper value of Guinness Peat’s 
share and loan note terms is worth 143p 
plus another 4.1p in future dividends. 
Britannia were quoted last night at 141p 
and Guiness Peat at 7Ip. 

Whichever figure is taken as the value 
of the bid, it is too low a price to pay. 
Britannia Arrow is worth more than 10 
times earnings in anyone’s book. This 
point has been driven home to Use 600 
shareholders who each own fewer than 
200,000 shares but collectively account for 
22 per cent. They would be foolish to fill 
for Mr Morton’s blandishments. 

So, too, would the institutional share- 
holders who, if they are ready to give Mr 
Morion some credit for his cleansing of 
the Guinness Peat stables, must surely 
have found noisome some of the claims he 
made in the November 28 document 
about the nature of Guinness Peat's 
growth since 1982. 

More than half of the £17 million profit 
Mr Morton has forecast has been simply 
bought through shares issued by Guinness 

Broker denies 
Pinetop claim 

Alexander & Alexander 
Services, the American in-, 
surance group which owns the 
British insurance broker, 
Alexander Howden. has denied 
allegations made in a $63 
million (£44 million) lawsuit 
filed by Pinetop Insurance. 

Pinetop, owned by the 
Greyhound Corporation, has 
alleged that Howden defrauded 
ii of millions of dollars. 

Pressure on Opec grows 

By Oht Energy Correspondent 

The price of West Texas 
Intermediate, the benchmark 
oil price in' the United Stales, 
fell yesterday to almost $23 a 
barrel .for February delivery.- 
The Organisation of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries (Opec) 
reacted by saying that h may 
bring forward the first meeting 
of the new committee which is 
to fight for a “fair share” of the 
market for the cartel. 

Opec said last month that the 

committee, which has been told 
to find a formula which will 
keep Opec’s share of the world 
- oil market at around 18 million 
barrels a day, would meet in 
Geneva on February 3 or in the 
last week of January. 

The main producers in Texas 
have cut their prices by up to $1 
a barrel in response to the 
official price cut announced late 
on Monday by Mexico. 

Talks on $17bn Nigerian debt 
may reopen without IMF pact 

Nigeria’s creditors, who are 
owed 517 billion (£11.8 billion), 
may have to change their tactics 
and agree to reopen nego- 
tiations on rescheduling the 
country’s debts without an 
agreement between Nigeria and 
the International Monetary 

Mr Kalu Kalu, he Nigerian 
finance minister said yesterday 
that his country intends to 
reschedule pan of its medium 
and long-term debt. That 
announcement spelt out the 
significance of Tuesday’s 1986 
budget in which Nigeria limited 
debt service repayments to 30 
per cent of its foreign exchange 

Whitehall sources put Nige- 
ria's total foreign debt at 517 
-billion, of which 57 billion is 
short-term trade debts dess than 
a year) and the rest medium to 
long-term. British companies 
are thought to be owed S2 

The Export Credits Guaran- 
tee Department has insured 
£400 million of British exports 
to Nigeria and another £400 
million is thought to' be 

Until now members of the 
informal Paris Club - the main 
Organization for Economic 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

Cooperation and Development 
creditors - have insisted that a 
rescheduling agreement must be 
supported by Nigeria signing a 
stabilization agreement with the 

Talks on a $14 billion IMF 
loan- broke down last month. 
The ECGD said yesterday that 
it will have to consider resum- 
ing without IMF backing 
negotiations over Nigerian 

One banker with close links 

with Nigeria described renewed 
negotiations as “inevitable.” Mr 
Kalu said that efforts will be 
made to keep debt servicing 
below the budget ceiling "by 
arranging with our creditors to 
reschedule some of the loans 
maturing d urine this critical 

Nigeria’s military leader. 
Major-General Ibrahim Baban- 
gida. said in his budget state- 
ment that the country's export 
earnings this year are expected 

Poles ‘will owe $30.5bn’ 

From Roger Boyes. Warsaw 

Poland's debt to the West 
will exceed S 30 billion (£20.8 
billion) for the first time by the 
end of 1986, according to 
Polish finance ministry esti- 
mates. The relentless rise in 
debt comes amid signs that 
Poland is beading towards a 
new repayment crisis anless 
substantial fresh credits can be 

The Poles calculate that debt 
to the West will reach S30.5 
bill mo this year compared with 
$26.8 billion at the end of 1984. 
The debt is growing at an 
annual rate of about S13 

billion to SI.5 billion and by 
1990 will probably have 
reached between S34 billion 
and S35 billion, according to 
informed Polish estimates. 

The end of the decade is the 
key date. An agreement made 
with Western creditors in Paris 
last July rescheduled govern- 
ment and government-guaran- 
teed debts until after 1990. 

Poland has a positive trade 
balance but only because it has 
choked back its imports. This 
in turn Is slowing down the 
economy and it capacity for 
long-trerm debt repayment. 

lo be $10.4 billion. The 
statement also set out new 
measures such as lower govern- 
ment spending, an SO per cent 
cut in fuel subsidies, and steps 
to devalue the Naira, which 
may placate the IMF. 

Mr Kalu is expected to stress 
to creditors that these changes, 
while falling short of a full IMF 
agreement, prove that Nigeria is 
on (he right road. 

Negotiations over reschedul- 
ing the short-term debt are 
likely to be tough. Nigeria set 
December 31 as the deadline for 
applications by foreign com- 
panies for repayment and 
London sources said that 
200.000 requests were lodged 
front around ihe world. 

Only about $1.6 billion in 
promissory notes has been 

issued against short-term debts 
under an agreement signed at 
the end of 1984. This means 
ihai $5 billion of short-term 
debts could be rescheduled. 

On the medium and long- 
term side, bankers estimate that 
Nigeria should pay S4 billion 
annually in interest and princi- 
pal. Bui ihe budget suggests that 
payments will be limned to S3.5 

Yarrow promises 175p payout 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

Yarrow is promising share- 
holders a I75p-a-share cash 
payout as a major part of its 
defence against the £18 million 
takeover bid from Weir Group. 
It also proposes to pay to 
shareholders 1 00 per cent of any 
money awarded to the company 
in its compensation claim, 
currently before the European 
Court of Human Rights in 

Yarrow insists that it already 
has Inland Revenue clearance 
go make these payments with- 
out incurring any Advance 
Corporation Tax liability. 
However, the company is 
refusing to give details of its 
scheme until the Weir offer has 

Weir's chairman. Lord Weir, 
said last night that this absence 
of information lef him some- 
what bemused. 

Lord Weir: "bemused” at 
lack of information 

Weir Group's offer consists 
of shares arid cash, with a loan 
note alternative. This is cur- 
rently worth around 42p. 
against Yarrow’s share price last 
night of S 1 3p. up Sp on the day. 

However. Weir is also promis- 
ing to pay out 70 per cent of any 
Strasbourg compensation to 

In its formal deft&fce docu- 
ment. published yesterday. 
Yarrow argues that the Weir 
offer “grossly undervalues" the 
company. Mr Teddy Boyd. 
Yarrow's chairman, insists that 
the bid is “ill conceived" and he 
claims that ownership by Weir 
would severiy damage the 
prospects for YARD, the high 
technology consultancy busi- 
ness which earns the bulk of 
Yarrow's profits. 

Yesterday Mr Boyd stressed 
ihai Yarrow would be concen- 
trating its managerial and 
financial attentions on YARD. 

Weir and its merchant bank 
advisers. Morgan Grenfell, 
claimed to be unimpressed by 
the Yarrow arguments. 

GEC wins 
China order 

By Teresa Poole 
The General Electric Co has 
reached agreement with China 
on a contract worth more than 
£250 million to supply turbine 
generators and ancillary equip- 
ment for the Daya Bay nuclear 
power project at Guangdong, 
southern China. 

The contract, which has been 
under negotiation for six years, 
is the biggest single British 
order to be won in China. • 

The project will account for 
about a quarter of the total 
workload at GEC Turbine 
Generators, of Rugby, from 

Mr Jim Cronin, assistant 
managing director of GEC 
Turbine Generators, said: “We 
will not be taking on more 
people but it will safeguard 
existing jobs.” Factories at 
Rugby, Manchester. Stafford 
and Larne, co Antrim, will 
share in the work. 

The contract will provide 
900,000 man-hours of work for 
GECs factory at Larne where 
feed heating and condensing 
plant will be built, and where 
750 people are employed. 

It will keep the factory busy 
for more than two years from 
October, but there are some 
shorter-term worries about the 
work load until then, said Mr 
Harry Andrews, GEC general 
manager at Larne. 

The deal will be financed by a 
loan from a consortium of ten 
British banks, led by the 
Midland. Details of the financ- 
ing package which will include 
an Export Credits Guarantee 
Department backed loan, will 
be compleied over the next few 

• GEC has decided to contest 
the legal action being taken in 
the United Slates by Plessey in 
an attempt to force GEC to 
extend its £1.2 billion (£830 
million) takeover bid to Pies- 
scy’s 3.000 American share- 

Bid for Farley in doubt 

By Oar City Staff 

The discovery of salmonella proceed it can be expected to 

bacteria at Farley, the baby milk 
manufacturers, is believed to be 
forcing Boots to reconsider its 
plans for taking over the 

Boots announced last month 
that it was in discussions with 
Farley's parent, Glaxo, with a 

negotiate a much lower price. 

Both companies had hoped 
to compieie the deal early this 
year. A Glaxo public relations 
executive. Mr John Barr, said 
yesterday: “We must now wait 
for the situation to clarify. We 
cannot yet say how long Far/ey 

view to buying the company, a will be affected bv this problem 

price of between £40 million 
and £50 million had been 

However, a spokesman for 
Boots admitted vesterday: “The 
commercial effects of this 
salmonella business will be 
considerable/' Boots bas not yet 
signed a binding agreement with 
Glaxo. Should it decide to 

Farley’s Cumbria plant has 
been shut since before Christ- 
mas when the possibility of 
salmonella poisoning in its 
products became apparent. It 
has now been confirmed that 
the plant, which produces 
Ostermilk and the invalid food 
supplement Complan, is con- 

£3 5 m 

By Alison Eadie 

Discretionary investment 
clients of John Govett. the fund 
manager, have made a £34.9 
million offer for Maearthy's 
Pharmaceuticals, the manufac- 
turer and wholesaler of pharma- 

Macarthys rejected the offer 
calling it opportunistic and 

The full concert party is the 
bidder's vehicle. Jadelle. Govett 
clients and funds managed by 
Provincial Insurance, it already 
has 36.8 per cent of Macarthys. 
The aim is only to secure 
control, or just over 50 per cent, 
so the offer has been made 
either in full at 265p cash per 
share or as a partial offer for 
one out of every four shares also 
at 265 p. 

Macarthys said the partial 
offer was an opportunity to 
acquire control without paying 
the appropriate price to all 
shareholders and it has asked 
the Takeover Panel to seek 

The board of Jadelle com- 
prises Mr Dwight Makins. the 
managing director of John 
Govett. Mr John Read, the 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of LEP Group, and a so-far 
unnamed chairman and chief 
executive. He is understood to 
be Mr Nick Ward, the managing 
director of Marlin ihe News- 

Jadelle is owned by The 
Border & Soulhem Stock- 
holders Trust, the Stockholders 
Investment Trust, Lake View 
Invesiment Trust and The 
General Stockholders Invest- 
ment Trust. 

below Y200 

The dollar closed below 200 
against the Japanese yen yester- 
day - for the first time since 
January. I9S1. It dosed at 
199.25, from 200.20, and was 
later quoted in New York at 

The dollar opened weak 
against all currencies, with the 
pound trading at S 1 .4625. up by 
nearly two cents. However, a 
rise in US factory orders and 
construction spending - and a 
70 cent a b arrel drop in North 
Sea oil prices - sent the pound 
back to S 1.4460. unchanged on 
the previous close. 

The dollar also recovered 
ground against the mark, to 
2.45 m London, before settling 
back to 2.4460 in New York. 

The yen resisted the dollar's 
recovery. Foreign exchange 
dealers - believe that, with the US 
trade deficit with Japan likely to 
have been nearly £50 billion last 
year, the (£35 billion) Japanese 
authorities are under pressure 
to keep the yen rising against 
the dollar to stop protectionist 
moves in the US. 

Unilever control 

Lnilcvc:. the Anglo- Dutch 
foods group, has bought out 
Neslle's 25 per cent stake in 
several jiiimly -owned frozen 
foods and ice cream businesses 
in \ustna, Wes: German;, and 
Italy, thus becoming 100 per 
cent owner of these businesses. 

Castle defence 

First Castle Electronics has 
urged its shareholders not to 
accept the offer for the company 
from Morgan Crucible. In it's 
defence document, the directors 
argue that the hid terms 
undervalue the company 

Tempus. pajjL- 16 


\Z I&ancfo 

Another Cm financial super- 
market formal!} opened its 
doors vesterday. when Australia 
and New Zealand Banking 
Group launched AN'Z Mer- 
chant Bank. incorporating 
Gnndlay Brandis and Capel- 
Cure Myers, the stockbrokers. It 
has an initial capital of £30 

Beer decline 

Beer production in 
November fell by 1.5 percent to 
3.7k million barrels compared 
with a year earlier. For the 1 1 
months beer production showed 
a I per cent decline with 
continuing voJumcand share of 
the market. 

Carbide baited 

Union Carbide shares were 
suspended on the New York 
Stock Exchange yesterday pend- 
ing a news announcement. But 
just over two hours later, there 
was no news and the shares 
were trading again, up l :, 4 to 
72 ! ;. Carbide's board had been 
discussing the takeover bid b;. 
CiAF Corporation. 

US orders up 

Orders for US manufactured 
goods increased by S2.000 
million (£1.400 million), or 1 
per cent, in November, to a 
seasonally adjusted Si 97.370 
million, the Commerce Depart- 
ment said. 

Second Marconi 
to join STC 

A second Marconi director is 
leaving to join STC. the 
troubled telecommunications 
and electronics group which is 
undergoing a management 

He is Mr Roy Gardner, aged 
40. who will become the 
director responsible for finan- 
cial control. Mr Gardner has 
been finance director of Marco- 
ni. GECs defence electronics 
subsidiary, since April 1984. 

Mr Arthur Walsh recently 
resigned as managing director of 
Marconi to become chief 
executive at STC. 

STC anounced a number of 
other senior management 
changes yesterday. Mr Alex 
Park, who joined the company 
as director of financial controls 
in 1978. becomes deputy chief 

Two other directors, Mr John 
Cottrell chairman of STC 
Telecommunications, and Dr 
John Shields, the technical 
director, will be taking early 
r et ire ment. Mr Kenneth Bacon 
will take over as chairman of 
STC Telecommunications 

Brwt ra WayBHHrtfa ft Barfnrtb 

Mr.RS Hargreaves, far the 52 weeks ended 27Th September, 1985. 

Dividend increased- proposed fired oflOJSp matesyear's total 

Beer and soft sales were batky affected by rold spring and wet 

hoi kJaypariod. Our strategy is to reduce dependency on seasonal trada 

Having juarompteted costly re^ 
growth in theyearetocome. 

Results at a gtansr 19*5 1984 

£000*' AMO'S 

Group proft before Taxation ' - 1^88 2ft57 

Group pro® after Taxation • 1,338 1,386 


(after ex ti aonfti ffl V terns) ' I* 3 ®*. _ . . 

Total OfdMryBMdend 48S i: 423 

Prafftretsmed in the Company 771- -'.494 

EamingBpfT TfipQHfcnatyfifaare .. 353a. 3J3p 




FTIndOrd ... . 11385(+7.1) 

FT AH Share 688.62 (+4£23 

FT Govt Securities ...J&79 tauq 
FT-SE1Q0 14215 (+73) 


Intervteion Video — — 5p+1p 

Neil & Spencer 19p+3p 

Setae TV _.8p+1p 

Bargains , 17,926 

Datastream USM (-) 

Now York 

Dow Jones — .106.1 (+0.22) 


CJfer — .-.—.—lop +2p 

Jebsens Driffing — . ~20p +2p 

Arten Hectical 70p +7p 

Macarthys Pharm .281 p +I6p 

Bristol OB -11p+1p 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng — -1774.38 (+21 Sty 

Cam pan Inti. ...... »~.~.._...37p +3p 

Microvitee — . — 26p +2p 

A. B. Electronics _195p+15p 

Sydney: AO 101 (LB (+7.1) 


Commerzbank .1937.4(-14.1) 

General 844.73 (-98.69) 

Ryan Inti — 39p +25p 

Abbey Life- ._217p+14p 

Pritchard Services 62p+4p 

Aurora 4flp+s.5p 


CPU Computers — -34p -6p. 

Electronic Machine — — 48p-6p 
Sennah Rubber —~2050p -200p 

Zyga! Dynamics 21p-2p 


SKA General — closed) 


London fixing: 

am $327.1 0pm-$326B0 

rirvte R#7.0M27.SC£228.SB- 

2252 5 ' 


Edmond Hoklgs. — — 12p-1p 

Mm Bedford 86p -7p 

PffeoHWgs, — *90p-15p 



£: $1.4460 

£: DM 3.5383 (-0.0038) 

£: SwFr 2371 1 (-0.0041) 
£i FFr 10.8524 (-0.0071) 
£ Yen 288.19 (-1.37) 

£ Index: 77.9 (unchanged) 

Mew York | 

£ SIX 
$: DM2.4460 
$ Index: 1 25.4 (+0.1) 

ECU £0.616072 



Bank Base: 11!*% 

3-month Interbank 11%-11 W,«% 
3-month eligible MBs: 
buying rate 11%2-1 1^ 

U ft 

Prana Hate 9^0% 

Federal Funds &«% ' - 
3-month Treasury Bffls 7.06-7.05% 
30-year bond price T06- lOtPis 

New technolo 

This year should see the 
emergence in Britain of a 
rapidly growing process which 
could fundamentally change the 
financial system: securitization. 

It is not a pretty word. But 
the principle is straigh forward. 
As one London merchant 
banker puts it: “It's a process ot 
creating liquidity whete there 
was none or little.” 

Any asset, financial or physi- 
cal, can be split up or "unitised” 
into readily-negotiable instru- 
ments, usually fixed interest 
rate securities or bonds. The 
owner of the asset realizes cash 
and. therefore, makes his 
property work more efficiently; 
the total pool of capital is 
enlarged; and end investors 
enjoy a wider choice of havens 
for their money. 

Put as badly as this the idea is 
□ot new. As Mr Stanislas 
Yassukovich. chairman of 
Merrill Lynch Europe, says: 
“The stock market is just a 
giant securitization machine.” 
In the United States the most 
public feci of securitization is 
the huge and largley successful 
market in mortgage securities 
which began a decade ago. 

Recent developments, how- 
ever, have given the process 
renewed impetus. The basic 
change is that markets have 
grown faster than the capital 
available to finance them. . 

A second factor is the sheer 
size of transactions relative to 
the capital of the firms financ- 
ing and arranging them. A 
property deal of $1. 1 billion is 
just too big for even a strong 
group to handle. At the same 
time, the cost of conventional 
syndication has risen. 

Thirdas the volume of funds 
under management swells, insti- 
tutions looking after other 
people’s money - insurance 
companies, pension funds, 
investment managers - need a 
wider diversity of assets in 
which to invest Individual 
investors also want more 
investment opportunities, al- 
though the retail market in 
seenritizied assets lags behind 
the institutional market 

There is no doubt that a 
fourth reason for the acceler- 
ation of the process is the 
attraction to investment banks, 
with the Americans leading ihe 
way. of the fees generated by 
adding value to a product 
without risk or capital commit- 
ment. In the new financial 
environment the merchant 
bank risks skills rather than 

But even that would be 
impossible without the fifth and 
determinant change: new tech- 

One banker said: “This is a 
software driven market. It 
requires very complicated soft- 
ware. Only a few people have 
it.” Or. as another banker put it: 
"First we had the electronic 
calculator, then we had the HP 
100. now we have the PC. We 
can price paper at and trade on 
a thirty-second." 

Among financial assets, the 
favourite securitization candi- 
dates are consumer loans such 
as house mortgages, car pur- 
chase plans and credit card 
“receivables” - the amount 
owed to the card company. 

From the viewpoint of the 
lender (for example, the credit 
card company) these are assets 
in the form of future income 
which can be realized early by 
selling claims on them. From 
the viewpoint of the investor 
(the purchaser of the claim) the 
cash flow of debt to the card 
company ensures servicing of 
his security. 

Surprisingly, perhaps, con- 
sumer credits are good risks. 
Defaults on car purchases in 
America are low. 

Securitization of physical 
assets, by contrast is less highly 
developed. In principle, how- 
ever, ships and aircraft as well 
as buildings, are candidates. 
Several banks in London - 
Goldman Sachs, Citibank, 
County Bank, to name a few - 
working on the securitization of 
buildings in the City. _ 

The effect of financing 
schemes of this kind is to 
substitute negotiable fixed inter- 
est stocks for loans. In other 

All this is excellent business words, the banks are by-passed- 
for the clever firms which can _ Mr Vassokovicfa said : "Secu- 
securitize assets. ritizatifon is really just another 

word for disintermediation." 
He pointed out that in America 
commercial paper has long 
since replaced bank lending as 
the prime source of working 

Disintermediation could go 
even further. Bank loans them- 
selves can be securitized. It has 
been suggested, for instance, 
that Third World debt could be 
converted into bonds. The 
ultimate logic of securitizing 
mortgages - as will happen soon 
in Britain - is that building 
societies themselves could be 

' In a nutshell, the ability of 
financial houses to exploit 
interest rate differentials to raise 
cash and sell instruments could 
partially make obsoleie com- 
mercial banking at least. The 
investment bank is, in effect, 
using the spread between the 
rate 2i which the bank borrows 
and the rate at which it lends. 

But there are drawbacks. 
What Mr Yassukovich calls the 
“legal technology" comes into 
play. Thousands of claims on a 
single fluctuating asset - such as 
a credit card company's cash 
inflow - could create a legal 
nightmare of conflicts. If the 
legal chain broke at any point 
every investor’s holding in the 
asset would be called into 

More important initially for 
the investor, however, is the 
credit rating of the instrument 
he is offered. For some time 
investors are likely to be 
cautious. Relaii investors, par- 
ticularly, will want only AAA 
quality paper -just as they do 
in the Eurobond market. But 
who will establish a credit-rat- 

Uncertainty about the sound- 
ness of securitized assets could 
prove the biggest impediment 
to the market's growth. 

But grow it will. 

The high cost of holding long- 
term instruments will encourage 
their owners to realize cash. Hie 
lack of a distribution mechan- 
ism in Britain may hold hack 
the retail market, but an 
institutional market is ready to 

Msdiaei 'Prest ' 




® S!* Exxon Cap m 

JABadSfrwl 5 > t 

'gg*. 1 f , sr n “ p a 

■sEEI J* wss y 
■jssr 1 " ’U *a gg*-. g. 

£!§KS, if g? SISS” Sg 

fjj* ®V Gen Inst ift 

Aai&oreee 6ZV Sft GenMHto 6ft 

654 S4S PftZBf 

6ft B8'i PnetpsOodoe 

244 244 PTtSoMofils 

29*i 29', PrtSps Petrol 

524 534 PctaonJ 

504 504 

23 234 

884 90 

1?. 1ft 

Share fail 



•;. .foreign exchanges 

T rad“8 was generally qmet the London Metal Exchange, advanced again, largely be- The P omd . b g!f hfrSvf ^SSSjtaSSe 
yesterday in the New Year was at its weakest for three and cause of speculative baying- an extremely firmno^- reaching unchansed at 77 

aftermath, but silver and coffee a hair years. Other metals. Prices are ww almost the a hifih of MOt/ET* the 
provided some stimnlatfea. 

Silver was weak and, at 

« J | »i New y® rt (Agencies) - Pmes I about 400p an ounce spot 

84 r, PTOlntf 51 i 504 !>ew ror * - nnxa 

579. s v, **am&nu» raj, 7D», opened lower yesterday hi active 

46* S 534 534 trading « f New York Stock 

694 to* weep SE* Exchange shares. 

Am Exprose 5Z4 

'Am Horn* 6?. 

Am MOkn 7, 

Am Standard ftp, 

AmTetophons 25 
Amoco siV 

Armen Steel 54 
AUTOO 184 

AaftfareJOU 3ft 
A5nllc FUcMMd 684 
AW Products 274 
BanktraTstNY 734 
Bartamortcx 154 
Band of Boston 624 
Bank of NY 614 
Baxter Trtv 154 
Beatrice Foods 46 
Bothtoham Stool 164 
Booing 524 

Boo* Coscade 47 
Bordan 514 

■Borg Warner 244 
BnsntMyors 664 
BP 324 

BufWigtonM 31', 
•Ewfington Nthn 68V 
Burroughs 634 
CairctortScuD 494 
.Canaeun F8 g»g 13V 

Cawpaa/ 42 

Ceaneso ISO 1 , 
.ConvalSW 274 
Champion 24', 

CtuMMmhn 724 
Chen Bank NY 454 
.Chevron 38V 

Oiryslsr 484 

Citicorp 494 

Clark Equip 254 
Coca Cota 844 

®& Gen Motors 704 

24 GenPitoUBNT 17 
384 Geneeco 3*, 

244 Georgia PacfflC 2ft 264 SCM 72 

884 GiWM 6ft 694 ScWurrtoetgsr 36 

ft Goodrich 3T, 324 Scot: Paper 50 

W* Goodyear 314 304 Saogiam *8 

94 Gouts Inc 304 314 Seam floetui* 39 

834 Grace 47 1 , 474 SfeO Trans 36 

GtAOto&PaeAc 2ft 20', Smgar 
Greyhound 324 324 Smnnic 

664 «CAC«rp 594 so 1 , Exchange shares. 

SK" £ Si 374 The Dow Jones average. 

ift S'* 354 which fell 3,79 to 154&67 on 

S?4 w. 3ft Tuesday was down 7.11 to a 

i7 sm tee «?, 504 1539.56 shortly after the market _ , 

2§»J lSi Gopac ra-I T2>\ opened. Later in the morning it ' 

694 Scttfuntoergar 364 384 was down 12.95 tO 1,533,72. ACiw 

324 Secrtt Paper 504 504 „ . . , . V^_ 

364 soogram 46 at. Declining shares led advanc- 

I: I 1 as 

17V Rocfnwltot 
604 ReftfOufch 
414 5*f*"*ya 
17 Sara Lae 
34 SFESopac 

ftubO or tapper Mu 

a a aii years, vujw merais, mces are now annual uw a mgu «« *u. afnrG gbh! Ytwthw woe As. 

however, did Ettle, mainly highest tor eight years. Raw dollar. However, it Mi m tte Nw¥t»r^St«L thoSi,^ 
reflecting sterihm's stjMgth. sngar also saw some nsefhl afternoon as ,**« -JS was fiuriy hwfictetoe 

But among the softs, coffee g«m.L covered and as North Sea on vmsmmy wm we opa^ 

prices weakened by 60 cents a stag*®- 

barrel. As a resist. Sterling The pound • had firmed m, 
showed no change at the close, 0 yemight technical factors n> 
at 1.4460. the Far East after its retJZ 




Jan 238M-238Q0 |. cash JMj 



Thras mon dto 408 0007 a 


cocoa to £ par cam; 
par tom 

C W Joynoo Md Cd raport 


AC months wx^joad. 

Grumman Corp 314 314 Sony 

«4 Guff & Wen 494 to smCalBflaon 

« HainxH.J. 324 314 3«rryC0rp 

154 Harcuto 394 39 SWOiOUto 

A« H8wWl4%rd 3S4 37 Sffirti 

IS. Honame 744 74', Sava 

W* iCIncfa 3S>, 394 SunC 

togarso* 534 534 Taiad 

61V (nGmdStoai 224 224 Term 

324 SmnnMna Back 7S4 764 taoe 

.11*. I Snrrv 2tft *W. 


© totHarveiter 


W, M Paper 

^4 IrtTinW 
®L fr^*lBank 

3S 7 , 37 StoffengDriM 

744 7*4 S»voiaJ.P. 

3 &t 364 SunComp 

594 534 Taiadima 

224 224 Tertnaeo 

155 158 1 . Texaco 

84 64 Texas East Co 

134 13 Texas Inst 

51 614 Texas UtSttes 

334 384 Textron 

444 414 Travelers Corp 

264 264 Mr Edward Nicoski, of I per, au ~ 

^ U ’ 1 J affray and Hopwood. the 

374 3T. Minneapolis-based firm, said he Mar 

51* j »' was * 00 l° n 8 ® or ww T brt to w — 
3304 3314 correct and consolidate until the sugar 

Ns 6 a! 












Apr 20800— 20750 t™. - IfjZ. 1 

Sajr znioo-a»goo I r Mem 

ft,- gSSffL—MUMBJ, " 

g — J 5 £ 

vet Tone RN d to ^ 


Cv&t 284000-2880.00 Sep 

LONDON METAL EXCHANGE Tfu** mortftj ._2890.00-288Sto Oct 

ISO 1 , Karr McGee 34 

274 37^* WrrtiartyCladi 07 

24', z^t KMan 354 

724 734 Kroner 474 

*54 *8 LTVvCorp 64 

», 374 Litton 834 

A8> *&• LecMtoOd 494 

*94 JJfV LuckyStores 25 





Texas East Corp 



Texas Inst 



Texas UtSttes 











UAL tac 



umavar W 


Union Cartsde 



AO axxsh* unqotad. 

ChrkEqulp 25*. 25 Monuf Hanover XT', at, Weth Fargo 

Coca Corn 544 85 ManvfleCp 6 6 WeswgPse EJee 44 *; 

Cotale 324 314 Mepeo 38 37 T , Wowmauser 3CP. 

CBS liy, lift Marine MxSand 3T: XT; Wiwfpoo I 

CmwBb*ftB 39, to>. Mann Marietta 354 354 Woahwrtfi 

Comtwaton Eng 304 3JJV Masco 40 *. 4 <r, Xerox Corp 

Comw M» Eds on S’, M>i UcOomri 744 73 2eruUi 

3ft Mead 444 434 

Cons Nto Goa 5 ff. 4ft Merrt 137 1364 CANADIA 

Cowftjra 74 V, Minnesota Mng B9>. SO 1 . CANAUIA 

Control Daa 20*. 20*1 MobOCH 304 304 ASxttx 

Comity Glass 614 814 Monsanto XT’, 474 Alcan Afumn 

354 Lfruted Brands ZPi n\ 
484 US Stool 2ft 264 
& 1 UtdTedtnal <P, es 

834 Unocal 274 2*4 

4ft Warner Comma 374 374 

24V Warner Lambert 474 474 

Co m busti o n Eng 304 
Comwtth Edbon 29 1 , 
ConsESson 39 1 » 
Cons Nat Goa 50°, 

Con» ftwer 74 

Control Dan 204 

Coming Giais 614 

CPC M 51 

Crane 404 

Crown ZoOer 414 

Dart a Kraft 434 

Deere 281, 

Oena Air 39 

Detroit Edbon 1ft 

Digital Equip 13ft 

Dttney lift 

DowCftemfcal 41 
Dresser tnd 184 

DukePower -354 

DuPont 674 

Eastern An 6 

Eastman Kodak 504 

Eaton Coro 644 

Emerson Bad 814 

Emery ArFrgi 17 

354 35-', Woolwarth 5ft 

4ft 4<r, Xerox Corp 594 

744 73 Zen«H 20>« 

444 434 


* 34 It shonld then move to new vd 

i«4 high gronnd on the basis of an 
^ improving economy and awe 

man Eiehler, aareed. 

quite well on such items as 

lower interest rates and expec- coffee 

tatians of a stronger economy. It 

needed a second coarse, be said. ^ — 

The second coarse wonW ~SL 

have to provide more favourable tor 

corporate earnings than most 
analysts expected and signifi- 
cant, discernible progress on ST * b£AH 
Capitol Hill on the Issues of tax a— '. 



— 1805-0* 








uikaiuv ? unun 

Oflktal umr flgum 
Prices hi£pv uraWctoone 
SBw In paosc par bay owe* 
Rudolf WolTf A C& Ltd. raport 


Cash 9580006000 

TbraomonttK 9825 0 8 8300 

JU. Vol 11,075 

Tono iftagiAr 




Average tanmok pricn at 

raproaiMadw o»hotaon 

os: Cana. 97*<3p pw kg >w 

GB: straw. ^ 1B3.67P pw kg and 




i » 


2830-2820 LEAD 

C®* 1 26350-26400 

— —2950-2945 Throe month# 273J0-Z74O0 

3006-3000 Vol 1075 

— SSzSS TonB 

100 G&Rp. 78-top pwfcg !"{-)• 


biglaod and Woke; 

Cttla nos. up 60SO parconL 
ave. price. »*43p (-0.70). . 
SNMP nos up 61 03 per amt 
no. price. I8307p (-23201. 

ltai =^==^ UN 



Otoh 483.00487.00 Month 

£ per tonne 

Llro Pip Coatroot 


Month Optn Om» 

Jan oS.0 M-0 

Feb 098A gA 

Mv 095.0 9SA 

52r D9S.0 toO 

ffiy OW W 

Jtoi 094J> 94-9 

Jut 0B6J> too 

Aug 095-0 toO 

Sop 0310 KU 

oa 098.0 too 

NW . 098.0 too 

Kg nioat 










£ per tonne 

Atenm ft»n »bo 

Fob 78S0 7150 

Apr 32.00 91.10 

Urn S&QQ 9720 

No* 77 DO . 78.00 

Fap 68to 84 JO 

VOL 228 


GJU-FroWRrtaraoLJd raport 
SI 0 par indax petal 

also began well, but likewise fell hr dearly looteA as tagh 
todoSghtly tow av recovery had been overdone, 

stehling spot anp forward rates 

r«n:;j:9-~ii jji 

81!* Monsamo 

514 Morgan J. P. 
*&' Motorola 
!• NCR Corp 
*3V HLmoustnea 
S, NalDrStUkors 

64*, 644 ATgoma Stool 20 

384 39 Bel Telephone 42 

^ov ^4 reduction. 

™ 20 lUtfl .1 

cant, discernible progress on &£ ***"* — 

Capitol Hill on the issues of tax a~! “ 

reform and budeet deficit Jne — -129.3-28.9 

* UHMl Am-. 127JJ-28S ZWC WOH GRADE 

reduction. on i29jj-2Ts Coon . 

__ 424 417. 

41*, NCR Corp 404 4ft CanPacAc 1ft 1ft 

4ft HLtaustrtea 13 1 * 1ft Corrunco 114 114 

to Nal&sunoro 354 354 Cora Bathurst 184 184 

3ft NnMedEtff 224 2ft GUI 04 2 04 21 

If!* Nat Semtadctr 1ft 124 Hawkor/Sid Can 22*. 22°, 

w NorfoSt South 314 80*2 Hudson Bay Min ft g», 

lift MW Bancorp 314 31 Imaaco 27 F , 277. 

41 Occidental Pet 30 1 , 33 Imperial 04 51 51 

12« Ogden 334 33», IntPlpo aft 4ft 

UotO then the market would I g" 

remain in a digestive stace.1 vS 13zo ~^i' I tSL — 

1^* Nortofc South 814 

lift NY/ Bancorp 314 

41 Occidental Pet 30 1 , 

1g, Ogden 33*. 

O61 Corp 374 

674 OwesK-Wmois 52 s , 

8 Pacific Gas Elec 20 

Sft Pan Am r, 

W , Ptmnev J. C. 55’, 

81', Pemtofl 6« 

'64 PepsiCo 72’, 

114 11V 

33 mSoa IT* If' A day of quiet trading came to ^ 

S^Ferosn ^ *" •“? 7 ^esterday, with period 3 S £ Vv . ISSSS \ l \\< 

M4 234 rates just 5 touch softer than at Sasoaia nvns 12 mono* ns-114 

ift Seagram 67* eu 7 . Tuesday’s close. Most early sarthgcoonij 

Sr! Sna fl \ g,, losses were reversed when the JSSSi livl^ ?2 n ^IuvnJr, 

. •»*- 5-.* pound began to fall again. DoBwcoair,) " 

The overnight rate spent the igX ?s a SB.£Kfi 



























Oct 87 — 

Spot W73. 



’ “ > i N V E STM E NT T-R U.ST^" v ' : : v 

• Ex drv. a Acted, c Ex dotnOubon hB>s I Manirt ctajrt pHrasax jStaUspW I Traded. yUwjuchd 

t ^*\v I 1966 

Prtc* ai*a» WroC P/E I Wall Uw Coro cany 

Dtv Yld 

Price QTK pane# 9b p,v 

19*, Seagram 67 

7>, Steel Co 224 

SS4 Thomacn N ‘A - 244 

U 1 ! Wafter Hiram 3ft 

724 VJCT 174 


224 23 

24', 244 

3ft 3 T. 


Thras Month Starikn 

Mar 86 TTL 


Sap 86 

Dec 88 






Pr>rootgc^a ^^p^ fraerwt 7029 

Mar 88 32.24 

JunB6 92.14 

S»P 86 91.93 

OKK 91.66 

Previous day's total open interest 17740 
USTroa»y Bead 

Mar 86 85-03 

Provious day's total open Intarost 2477 
Short on 

Mar 88 96-14 

Jun 88 _ nt 

Sep 36 HT 

Prevxiua day's total open mterost 810 

Mar 86 111-09 

AraSS 111-20 

Proviousday's total open snsrest 4085 


Mar to 14355 

Jun 88. NT 

Provous day s tool open mtsrastl 752 

morning at its opening level of 

11V 4 - *iper cent, before EUf 

hardening daring the afternoon. 

Ea, '5J After a high of 14per cent, it ?o“» 

^ closed at about 13 - 12per cenL 3 ^ 

102 Dect» 

124 BaseRateaw 7days 

Cleanng Banka 114 3 men 

Finance House 12 Franc* 

’fS Otocoont Martwt Loons% l Sjg 

18 t ” , "■ IS 


7 days ff-rlPa 
3 wcngB 8 -74 
7 days 4 T r4i, 

can 84-74 

1 month 8Vr ,, i» 
6 mortfts 8-r, 
od S-4 

1 morth 4<v<i’* 

tOI B7 AM* 

« seo Mine 

&> \\t Hrm-rma 

302 2*9 Ana AirarSvc 

«S2 *23 AOMMm 

i» BB ASvdcAMNb 

MX S3 Qjram 

m M2 emrf 

T8f 192 BaraCSwn 

sffj <74 8rA*Mb 

374 312 Sntotifew 

S3 64 Bnjirw 

» 72 anrtgvq 

» 525 CertferaU 

173 119 CmantJran 

■ 21 « 

871 -2 2&.1* 3-S 

1» 41 49 U 

29* -2 IT 24 

IS* +1 I» 24 

M 2 .. a* o? 

in *1 are as 

182 15 oa 

in ■ *3 5-1 27 

5B • -*1 279 <1 

32 • +S 07 2-7 

371 • *3 20JU SB 

Si *1 3.19 29 

to 334 U 

H3 * -T 30.0a *S 

1ST 4-1 11 28 

Treasury BBs (Discount *-4 

Buying Safog 

2181 2 months 11V 2 months 114 

0 3montr» 114, 3momtis IV, 

0 Prime Bonk BBta (Discount ■*.) 

1 month ll'VU’i, 2 months tIV-l'i 
gg 3 months 11V114, Bmorohs ii'r-114 
0 Trade BBs (Discount %t 
D 1 month 11*> B 2 m tm n rj ii» a 

3 months 11^® Smooths 114 
Interbank (%) 

V£ i£ Overrtght open 11*4-114 dose 134-12 
°S 1 week 114-H4 8 morons iivnv 

n 1 month 11V-11“s 9 months 1TV114 
M 3 months ii* r i J a i, 12 months 11 n irll4 

S n s ng is 43*4”e 6 months 4*i w 4>t ia 

French none ca9 9-8 

7 cays KF1-1 ft 1 month 124-124 

3 rjr. t ts 73*4-184 6 months 134-134 

Series Franc cat 24-14 

7 days 24-24 1 month a 4-*. 

a m oreta <’»-* 6 months *'rA 

Yen can 0V7 1 r 

7 days 7*rr f 1 month 7 » 

3r«rohs 6 n -r64* 8 months 64-64 

194 2 days 114 

0 1 month 114 
6 months 114 

Authority Deposits (S) 

1 114 7 days 

7 days 114 
3 months tIH 
12 months 11"e 

KR»= 8 nBPtr foer comfc ™ ™ pSmSSw 

53 c£ 8C^30-00 (522725-228^0) Vra ™ SSSrSeS 

SovrrafTTS' **»«»); 113 iaa nmuFuev 112 

57625-7925 12M.00-54. TO) W *es FtaooigjSS, *91 

XisudesVAT 'S !S 

13* IOC Flenag OOTta, 

163 129 

ECGD *8 ^ 2 TZ 3 1 *™ 

121 91 OBCCxpxxl 

Fixed Raa Sorting Export Finance Scheme IV '5 'If gT j»*n 

Average reference rato tar Merest penod 6 J£ -S SSESSSf' 

NwrSw 1985 to 3 December. 1985. ^ fg-, SSSrtek 

nd-_s.-ve: 1 1 ^12 per cart. Ma m Soi 

11S 97 Dpbytoe m 10J 98 

127 99 DOCK} 119 ... 

330 264 Dmootofa 329 Si M - 

1*1 112 Or/nFeEBt 137 .. 15 1.1 

*** 3*S DrenonJatan 4*4 36* 0.8 

5U 3S3 DreraiPmaMr 918 192 33 

199 ISO DuKtaaLan 198 • *2 7.7 At 

118 89 EdkiMwAoM 107 -1-1 IIS US 

171 103 EdrCugh 121 *1 43b 38 

302 25* BsencGra 290 • •* 93b 13 

mo ii* Ernunu i*a e -* 5o ae .. 

79 8» Sea 78 .1.9 24 

11* 91 EngtaNY 11* «t 38 31 

ST « FSCAUne* 91 • *3 U P .. 

iff FSCPeate 1*8 IJb L2 .. 

» Ito Fora 2*3 113b 47 

B9 2*2 nrw6co«Ain*r 29S 129b 43 

US to tost im 044 9S • .. If 12 .. 

2H *15 FtawgAnwron 903 73 13 

301 Z3S Rme^Cuver am *3 129 42 

37 233 Bwi-j-gEreumra* 39T +S 12.1 41 .. 

109 76 RBraigFwExoi ST, 9 +', IS 17 

97 78 

IK 122 

249 IBS 

491 • .. 


<25 • .. 

14* +1 


9* • .. 


142 *1 

an *s 


»4 e -3 

•*S 23 09 

83 23 
61 17 

T3B <-5 
+5 73 1A 

52b 21 

-I 81 02 

-1 33b 23 

*1 83b *3 

32 46 
21e U 
34b 3.1 
*1 24b 21 

7.7b 83 
20 1.7 

K3 84a 43 

218 » -.1 17b 1 J 

335 79 2* 

398 • .. 204 21 

98 -I 03 07 

181 .... 07 *0 

SI*, • .. 42b 02 

195 *-1 14a 07 

2SO • 43 49 1.7 

•I *1 07 09 

279 • -1 TJ 28 

1*8 e *2 44 ID 

. a mu., 

an -m i4.ib aa 

we -l 79b 83 ... 

222 • +1 107 49 _ 

210 -2 

183 -2 

279 09b 24 

E11V ' ’ 

• 117 .. ■ 40b 34 

310 • 43 95 27 .. 

280 +1 94 3J> 

B2 »S 29b 21 

*07. 4S 10.7b 23 .. 

CM ■ 43 69 27 

am ■ -s 250 84 .. 

978 4* 233 40 

09 . *2 99b 50 

89 • ,1 *Jb 13 .. 

39 03 13 .. 

128 • *0 21 .. 

85 • .. 21 29 

to « 561, S3 . . 

182 • -FI S4b 24 

355 197V TTHWMlBra 2M • +« 107 S3 

111 7B iritonbAn*** S3 • -f 28b 29 

148V HI TTP^bBMla VS 14b 12 

IK 129 TrrtwPty l3 • - M •* 

101 73 Tf Tbes «V ■ •• J6 33 

•81 194 TrTruMto 1« -1 42 

V*s 111 TantaBW 7.1b 51 

26* 211 n my i m ta .. ^ +« 107b 43 

333 248 Tnroo3owralC8p OT .. .. . 

167 137 Tren*Ocrai*r 190 -2 S3 a* 

120 109 Tribona 114 *3 29 

& & SSSSS .£■ :: ’Sf 1 ^ 

s w™ r • ■: « is 

110 9* WrtftotBi Enrruy 89 10b 1.1 

171 138 W9» ■ 1T1 • +1 *2 23 

79(1 Ybamei - 286 tOSb * ? 


579 2BO AkroydBffnatior* 555 

57V 2SV Amarkan &pra»* *3 ft 
*S -19 . Arayfe 

95 47 Doumd 

169 ■ BitombAnO* 

Bpras* S2&* p -A, 


169 ■ BritambAne* 141 83 *3 IftO 

is>. e*;, ndyura nft rli *3 ui 

1*4 av OO-A- Cft .. 600 49 193 

1*2 113 Ben 1*0 • -1 94 39 393 

101 73 S»Thi*l S3 

3*8 178 Ess 207 -2 45 99 1(3 

95 80 ExptaraSon 88 20 «3 117 

CSV 350 Frsmbwax, 380 .. 71 19 177 

96 88 FrooGp S2 • .. 97 73 114 

105 44 Gco<!,(bBM1 . 102 13 19 179 

1ft, ft HranwiMrin no a .. 227b 23 m* 

TBB IBB ch iei 

UG .300 MAI 355 • . 299 83 98 

n 388 MBS . 226 +10 193 2fl 328 

aw 217 MecwtoelfcUM 302 193 91 81 

113 78 Padfchwiu 8ft *1 03 03 739 

41 - 17 Do We l ti 17 

el S3 SnShDnXhm in • -1 99 34 290 

^^^i^>>'l^ : ^ a ^'^nB)tES,u)^pf;RusTjNi:ORMA'TipN;SE;RyjcE ; ^ 

ad 0«c CTng v« 

BW 0«»r <2*3 

8 c C«« Cmq vu 

8a3 O^v Ctmg Vs 

5J. Gmiarr 31 Lo-SanEC2?2D5 

Grave me 
Ger«s me 
Co Araun 
rar> retire 
PMft mcor* 

981 19*4 
882 713, 

83 5 87 B, 

1314 1398 c 
174 J 1652 c 
io* 5 nose 
1803 1703 
8 35 74 i« 

1»5 l**J 
1**l 1»« 
;U7 1540 
421 *43« 

*B7 513, 

St* 973 
1C39 1093 
613 toll 
726 7TJ, 

•29 2(8 
-ai 1.7* 
-01 1.7* 
HU 333 
•04 333 
-0J 377 
+03 977 
-02 658 
*0* 638 
-03 036 
-03 038 
-as iu 

-08 1.14 
-03 OJI 
-09 on 
-02. 214 
*02 214 


74.78 Trjftxy Pmw Lcmoon FCZA UO 

01-588 2777 DMlnjCI «3B0* IB.* 


1813 2021 
1141 1213 
2013 2143 
3077 327 7 
4730 5C3.7 
288 .305 
2053 2192 
1110 1182 
1201 1275 
292 294 

872 713 

883 719 

1183 1380 
602 84.1 

1812 18X0 
1850 137 0 
3* 3*9 

1008 107 18 
13* « 1431 
650 GX2 
78.1 810 

1563 1879 
*32 »B 
101 A 10J5 
18*1 1951 
297.1 30*3 

5S.T 565 
85 0 90 7 

1182 1261 
325 3*2 

515 5*9 

2*2 253 

IS 7 1767 
1U2 17* 1 
179 183 

1160 1269 
39 1 *1.7 

156 163 

139 14 8 

*88 52.1 

*66 497 

332 419 
895 995 

56 1 8b3 

22* 239 

593 615 

12 1 133 

1L3 36 6 

25 5 JS.7* 

XI 321 
349 *1 4 

1C? 113 

653 610 

6*' 877 

9-17, Pc-fTar! Pi Hi frees hiki 

SSF-JrC(xy-a SGJ 6*3 

CoAdcr- K1 *»7 

Franav 128 1 <162 

Grvra» eora :C2« :6SJ 

DO icv-» OS'- ".753 

top, mar-a 5*3 58 1 

meor* Si 8 66 4 

iwr. »j-<r.csr- 12 4 563 

Oran 5-J 55* 

Hwvi 28 * W 3» 

Tasrrt«S¥ IT'S 13CD 

0+-r 292 3i 3 

^rajar-CO s 
uk Own 




PmS 5T*e5 

VMM lam 

FvE me 


brr M*--4: 

TT* ','x**Mtt-gt*cr£cr ES2PL1T 


Gwre^cMi 1778 1863 

Cc*dcx-I«i 2TB 7 21*2 

lrttr-« * JV3 Cl 834 974 

Cl ID "C2 15C0 

MK-7 -3.7 1262 

Sl'KUfO 1L5 3 1413 

SeraSWiCS. 9672 32»3 

OiAce-jn 5, 9'i6 3809 

*25 1‘trHeacri. .erae-wesvarar 
C-242 11*8 

CS^aarfjrj «J5 ’jj 


Cn*r 255 1 2103 

2739 238 I 

FKW 1255 513 

N«'*.-vrr tej :3i 

■30 CWB»oifl ic uneon (C2r TOO 

21421 acn 

Cost* 'T! 772 1 327* 

HeroiArrareorOt S 

1. Krj mm a. E34N 7AJ 

laTiuv: * 

2723 323* 
22*3 2242 
224* 2469 





















1 CourtMnl Hra.9vn-3L HokL BhriBrid SI 3RD 










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+0.1 1.18 

FCT w-y 




^ 1-fc, ■urn-- ^ V**"* 8 * rt ' -" J *‘ | lr --^ 

Jjj \ Cf* ^ J-Sh 

The Distillers Company ole. 

reasonable care to ensure 

* il «_ /“VlHiV In J A X, 

• >* m u'La U« A Jr i / wJ 



Gilts disregard cheerful 
forecast from Lawson 

Banking Ombudsman given 
powers to investigate comp] 

Gilts sagged yesterday in what 
traders described as a lack- 
lustre. nay disappointing show, 
ing. On the face of it. the 
bundle of fundamentals avail- 
able for the market’s consump- 
tion were encouraging. Sterling 
had started the year by 
bounding to an early high of 
SI. 4630 and recovering to just 
over 78 on the Smithsonian 
Index. Money market rates 
cased back about V, 6 point 

The market also had the 
Chancellor's cheery words 
about rate trends for comfort 
In the customary new year 
encyclical, the Chancellor 
appeared confident that nom- 
inal rates would fall in 1986, in 
line with the drop in inflation. 
Out perhaps it is the way he 
tells them. Shorts eased 
point and longs dropped by % 
point in one of the most muted 
responses to a Chancellor's 
words seen for years. 

In part, of course, the market 
is fixated by the Bank of 
England's daily operations in 
the money markets. Yesterday 
saw yet another huge shortage 
of £1.000 million-plus, and the 
Bank's capos were in there 
twice in the morning, and once 
in the afternoon, taking out the 

tion trends. There are no easy 
answers to the current United 
States policy mismatch. 

MorganCrucible / 
First Castle 

The uneasy Christmas truce 
between Morgan Crucible and 
First Castle Electronics was 
cracked rather than broken 
yesterday by the salvo which 
came in the shape of First 
Castle's defence document 
First Castle duly rebuffed the 
Morgan Crucible logic for the 
takeover and produced the 
statutory bar charts intended to 
demonstrate that the terms 
undervalue the company. But 
there is an underlying im- 
pression that the real meat of 
the defence is still being kept in 

The Morgan Crucible riposte 
was equally muted and the 
battle is now at the phoney war 

stage. Both sides, it seem;., are 
preparing for a djawnout 
campaign stretching well be- 
yond Tuesday's first closing 

This takeover differs ffrom 
soe f the larger bids now in 
progress in that there is little 

Castle shareholders should still 

sit tight because there may be The new Banking Ombuds- 
more to comt if not from waa will have power to 
Morgan Crucible, from some- investigate a broader range of 
body e,sc - complaints than originally an- 

MflPflrthvs ticipated. according to his terms 

luatatfmjo of reference published yester- 

Phannaceudcals Mr lan Edwanls-Joncs QC, 

Tfc- aged 62 and former Social 

2L2&S Security Commissioner who 

fil^ r !^ aCeU »^ a P i*H formally took up the appoint- 

yesterday to -81 p, or 16p menl on Wednesday, yesterday 

SLtKS fsSS&S^ 3 ^ 

&2Lf £ S?B3TSiid over 
""Si .y*r v2i bldders “advice and sendees relating to 



unlikely to emerge. 

By Lawrence Lever 

insurance, home loan and other giving nse to a complaint until 
services, will also come within ^ not * 

abfe to inv«tigate the policy of 

w uu,uuu. miy arroiu uut uv . _ . 

makes will be tending on the. facilities. This will exclude 

bank although the complainant complaints concerning com- The idea of a Banking 

is not obliged to accept his mereial, fiaancial and other Ombudsman ^ 
decision. Awards of penaj or criteria used by a lank, but not ommended by the National 

exemplary cannot be cases where a decision to refuse Consumer Council in its 1983 

mart* credit is based on incorrect report prepared under the 

No" complainant will be information held by me bant of Mrs Rachel 

considered by the senior man- A bank will also be able to Waterhouse, 
affiment of the bank concerned, remove “test 'cases , mainly _ -u 

is not obliged to accept his 

of a 
' was 

I taxation, insurance and invest- 

7nc share pnee has risen given by banks at local 

steadily from 1 56p a year ago branch level. * 

on bid speculation as John 
Govett has added to its stake. 

Ian Ed ward s-J ones: he can 

award up to £50,000 

mart * credit is nasea on incorrect 

No" complainant will be infonMtinnheW by thetok. 
considered by the senior man- A bank will also be able to 
agement of the bank concerned, remove “test cases , mainly 
The Ombudsman has discretion those involving ; mpnttot or 
to decide whether a case novel aspects of law, irom tne 

report prepared under the 
chairmanship of Mrs Rachel 

remove uura , 

The ombudsman nas otscreaon those ^ohring impatant or ga ^ d ^ 
to decide whether a case novel aspects of law, from the ^ 

required an oral hearing or can Ombudsman's Junsd^on. 
be determined on the basis of However, the bank concerned 
written evidence alone. 

Only complaints concerning compl ^it^ SSbgout of the that the Booking OmbudaLn 
matters arising afttt January 1 tycoon or out of ^seen by the public to be 

can be considered by the subsequent appeals by the bank, independent r and actually is 
Ombudsman. An exception, suosequeni apprais oy me indBpBndont> »- lilcaddBdi 

however, is made for The costs, .of the Ombuds- _ _ ^ ., _ , 

In addition the Ombuhds- 

Govett rwh^thel5pcr cent «■»> *>?*"** 

level last October. ** 

Because it caused the bid the ^ m the ordm^ wuire 

froth. Coven thinks its price 

Sites Li'S 

shortage. Late assistance was attempt to disguise the fact that 

also given. 

But the composition of the 
shortage was significant. Had 

price is the main source of 

The fact is that First Castle 

Exchequer payments made up has in its weapons simulation 
most of the deficit, the business an excellent asset 
monetary aspects would have which has reached the stage in 

been relatively neutral. 

its development where it would 

£970 million stemmed from benefit from a partner to help 
maturing assistance and T-bill with the financing and znarket- 

lakeup which, on the face of it, 
should help contribute to poor 

ing back-up needed to take it 
into the next crucial phase. 

banking January money supply However, the business is not 
figures, riven the authorities' available at bargain basement 
policy of benign neglect of the prices, particularly to a oom- 
gilts market pany like Morgan Crucible. 

Nor did New York offer which does not offer any 
much comfort. In essence a immediately obvious attrac- 
real tug-of-war is developing tions as a partner, 
between the United States Although h has the geo- 
Depanment of Commerce, graphical spread of interests, 
which wants a substantial financial stability and excellent 
dollar devaluation, and the central management it does 

Federal Reserve. 

not have much in the way of 

worried what the impact of experience or expertise in the 
such a move might be on elctronics sector. This may not 


inflation be a critical shortcoming but it 

trends. In November the trade is one which can be compen- 
deficit increased by nearly a sated for only through the offer 
fifth to $13,700 million; im- price. And those offer terras are 
ports rose by 10 per cent and now looking a little lopsided, 
exports by just 3.5 percent. On The 10 per cent increase in 
this basis, the dollar is still loo Morgan Crucible's share price 
high. Therefore the Fed should in the past three weeks - up 7p 
cut rates and secure a devalu- yesterday to 219p - has left the 

ation that way. 

But the problem with this 

I32p cash alternative way 
behind. The share offer is 

approach is that it will both worth 156p right in line with 
heighten the “J” curve impart First Castle's price, up 4p 
on external trade, while stimu- yesterday, 
fating United States consump- * For the time being First 

Macarthys indifferent record 
over the past five years. 

Taxable profits have been 
stuck on a plateau at £4 
million, despite a 56 per cent 
increase ia turnover since 
1981. Earnings per share 
declined to I6.2p in 19S5 
against 25.5p in 1981 andprofit 
to capital employed has fallen 
to 14.2 per cent against 21.1 
per cent in 19S1. 

Macarthys has been hurt by 
the Goveromet's squeeze on 
pharmaceutical wholesalers, 
but it seems to have fared 
worse than others in the same 

There is therefore no short- 
age of ammunition for the 
bidder to fire, but Macarthys. 
with some justification, will be 
able to argue the bid is 

The company has instituted 
a restructuring plan, which 
should begin to bear fruit this 
year and more next year. 

Macarthys exceptionally 
high 198S tax charge should 
fell and eps benefit to reach 
about 21 p this year, a rise of 30 

Jam tomorrow arguments 
are never the most convincing 
when cash is on the table and 
the bidder needs only just over 
1 3 per cent to win control 

Until the proposed chief 
executive declares himself and 
what he intends to so with 
Macarthys. it is not possible to 
assess what his capabilities are, 
what profits growth he coukl 
achieve and in what time 
frame. The issue at present is 
finely balanced and the market, 
quite rightly, is taking a wait 
and sec stance. 

jurisdiction. Ombudsma 

Moreover, complaints arising further 17 
out of the provision of credit ates" of the 
cards, and executor and trustee the seven 

services, will fell as originally wntten evidence alone, 
intended, within the Ombuds- Only complaints CQ 
man's powers. matters arising after January 1 

Altogether 19 banks, inclad- can ** considered by the 
ing the big four clearing banks. Ombudsman. An exception, 
have agreed to come under the however, is nude for cas es 
Ombudsman’s jurisdiction. A where the complainant 

J IU v I. CllUtlOU IV WIUW LMIW.1 Lily ■ L . -- 1 mm 

Ombudsman’s jurisdiction. A "here the complainant was not mans operations - x “audmg 
further 17 “designated assort- aware - and could not with Mr Edwards-Jones £40,000-a- 
ates" of the banking member of reasonable diligence become year alary -will be met by the 
the seven providing related aware - of the circumstances participating banks. 

independent r and actually is 
independent," she added. 

• The Banking Ombudsman 
office address is: Citadel House, 
S/1 1 Fetter Lane, London EC4 
1 BR. Tet 01-583 1395. 


Abbey Life outshines insurance sector 

By Pam Spooner 

The holiday season continues a slake of just over 5 per cent in 
to subdue the volume of trading the British company. Johnson, 
in the City, but there was which, though a private corn- 
enough action on the lists pany, is among the 10 largest 
yesterday to keep those brokers US insurance brokers, has 
, and investors who have trading links with Willis going 
returned to work. tack to the last centurv and was 

Among the top 30 shares. Refrigeration and Bentalls, the tipping columns put5p to 19 Ip 
Lucas Industries continued its stores group. Lee rose 12p to on the price of Meyer later- 
upward run, gaining 7 p to 493p. 245p and Bentalls went 4p national, the timber and build- 
Another broker is said to have better to 15Sp. ing supplies group. A B 

put a strong buy tag on the Brengreen, the cleaning Electronics, one of the corn- 
stock, and thoughts of a group, rose another l%p to puter groups _ which had such a 

The insurance sector was known to have a small stake in 
particularly bright, with buyers ihe British group. 

tack to the last century and was consortium bid for the electri- 36Vgj. The shares have- been 

own to have a small stake in cals group have not faded. tipped for recovery in 1986% -and 

: British group. Rises of several pence for Hawley Group, .led by Mr 

Few analysts expect Johnson other blue chips sent the FT 30- Michael Ashcroft, is also ex- 
do anything dramatic with its share index up 7.1 points to pected to add to its 11.3 per 

moving in for both life assur- 
ance and composite company 
shares. Abbey Life, which has 
lost much of its glamour since 
the offer-for-sale last June, 
found supporters and its shares 
rose I4p to 21 7p. At its market 
debut the share price hit 235p, a 
S3p premium over the issue 

Speculation accompanied the 

to do anything dramatic with its 
shareholding, such as use it to 
launch a bid. but there is 

ing supplies group. A B 
Electronics, one of the com- 
puter groups which had such a 
hard time in 1985, saw its 
shares rise lOp to 190p. ‘ 
Inchcape also benefited from 
recent comment, rising lOp to 
313p. Rank Organisation was 

ding, such as use it to 1138.5. The FT-SE 100-share cent stake. Hawley announced also in demand, the shares 

launch a bid, but there is index was 7.9 points higher at the purchase of more shares, to gaining 12p to 449p. 

__ 1420.5. -- - ' • ■ - General Electric Company 

m« 4 »i Rnv Government stocks traded neai,-* have nnt int*r- rosc 6 P to 170p alongside its 

JSLf°L /iSfte tf Quietly, with, prices reacting to 5Sfi « news of a £50 millio^ntract 

leading brokers. Including Rowe movement “ J** * of shopping lists. Full-year figures fromthe Chinese government 

Jpftman ^ud flSdennm are explcted to 

Metal Box is getting the Dealers have put Ryan Inter- 

treatment from a couple of 15 Dat " ma l 00 their New Year 

i movement m the value of k-„h 

million, against 1984’s £231 

fo r ecasters believe Ryan could 
bring in profits of £4 milli on for 
1986. Yesterday the shares rose 

REDLAND: The company is to per share will be distributed among Earnings per share were 4.5p (4.8p). 

fie Dritirh eiikruViuMi DaAImmA - 1 — — — ‘ V — * _ ? at ■ ■ _* ■ am * . 

sudden move in the Abbey «■ conminer-maldiig^onp shar J ^ Fust Castlt million toss and there is ptoi 

price, including suggestions that ! n November and is expected to 4 p ^ 1560 as the ® f ® p P BI, 7 , 1 .? #,lt pr “‘ I>ects 

ITT, a leading shareholder, is optimistic curator in company ite "defate *7“* jotat vMitme w 

about to sell a chunk of Abbey the next few weeks. Metal Box document t0 the bid from Consolidated .Gold Fields 

to Citicorp, the US banking and sbares . r ^ e Morgan Crndble. The FCE ycycto British [.coal Jips. So 

financial group. ITT has said it y«*fntoy but are stffi described ^ ejected the offer. ******* 

will not sell more shares for at ** <*e®P* sueaestine Montan does not million 

least 12 months after the Abbey ' 1 tme the capacity to h«nHi* the shlires n 

flotation, but that assurance, speculation about why Johnson FCTTs specialist technological “^ p to 
presumably, only applies to has taken its holding over the businesses and pointing to the — 

sales through the market which magic 5 per cent, forcing itseU poor profit record in Morgan’s ^ch that 113 per cent figu 

might hurt the price. to disclose its presence. own electronics division, earlier this week. 

Nevertheless, the consensus Willis shares were up 3p at Nevertheless, Morgan shares Pritchard Services gained 
in the Square Mile yesterday 807p, but the market is were in good form, rising 7p to *<? 62 P alongside news of 1 
was that Abbey has lagged undoubtedly keeping an eye on 21 9p. disposal of certain periphe 

behind and was due for a nse. the stock in case the Johnson Branuner, the engineering businesses. From these a 
Olher fife assurers were also move turns out to be defensive, group, was back in the takeover other sales Pritchard expects 
being bought and gains of A predator for Willis would spotlight, having spent much of ffian £4 million.. . 

in Guangdong province. GEC 
has also been tipped as a buy for 

Shares in Jaguar continue to 
progeess, tiring- 4p to- 339p 

can and comainer-making group re shares m Ffrst^Castle Elec- miUion 1055 ** plenty has also been tipped as a buy for 

in November and is expected to ef optimism abort prospects for . T _ . 

__ - Cronies rose 4p to l3op as tne „ "1,. , Shares in Jaguar continue to 

yesterday but are stffi described forecasters believe Ryan could its dollar earnings is bring 

as cheap. bring in profits of £4mSBon for undent \ events on the 

suggesting Morgan do« not Y «kt*rd»v th* «h«r*« me* foreign exchanges, there is 
have the capacity to handle i^L Y 2?”“ y “ shares rose of crty mfrdence in the 

speculation about why Johnson FCFs specialist technological car maker's prospects. 

has taken its holding over the businesses and pointing to the 
marie 5 per cent, forcing itseU poor profit record in Morgan’s 
to disclose its presence. own electronics division. 

reach that 113 per cent figure. 

electronics division, ooriier this week. _ 

Willis shares were up 3p at Nevertheless, Morgan shares 
807p, but the market is were in good form, rising 7p to 
undoubtedly keeping an eye on 219p. 

the stock in case the Johnson Branuner, the engineering 

Pritchard Services gained 4p stayed low, the t 
to 62p alongside news of the contracts reach! 
disposal of certain peripheral The stock ex 
businesses. From these and option showed 

«r!l its British subsidiary. Redland the original allottees. 

Prismo and its US offshoot, • ARNCLIFFE HOLDINGS: 

Redland Prismo. both in road-- The George Albert Moore Retire- 
marking and other specialist road ment and Death Benefit Scheme has 
maintenance products, together acquired a beneficial interest in 

An interim dividend of I.9p (1.9p) 
is being paid on April I. 


between 3p and 8p were seen 
across the sector. 

Investors also showed en- 

■*ith its minority investments in 50,000 ordinary shares, makin g a 
similar businesses in France. Spain total holding of 550,000 shares (1 1 
and the United Arab Emirates. The percent). 

buyer is Colas Products a subsidiary • SCHKODERS: The company 
of Shell UK. which is paying £13 reports the completion of the first 
million. The sale is conditional on closing of arrangements in New 
its not being referred to the York, with the Industrial Bank of 

• WYNDHAM GROUP: For the thusiasm for the composite 
half-year to Sept 3a with figures in companies yesterday, appar- 
£000. turnover was 798 (647), while entiy taking the view that 1986 
d* pretax profit was 46 (33). will be a good year. Share prices 
Earnings per dure *«* --• *P rose by between 5p and 1 Ip for 

P the six quoted insurers. 

• IONTXJNCREMATION CO-. .. W5U J* Faber stood out on the 
For the half-year to Sept 30. with » sts of ««*««* brokets as 

move turns out to be defensive, group, was back tn the takeover olher sales Pritchard expects to 
A predator for Willis would spotlight, having spent much of raise more ffianW million.. . 
upset the happy .business re- 1985 surrounded by bid specu- Bnhsh Benzol Carbonising 
lationship which Johnson has lation. The company success- pronl-takin8 *na 

with the group. fully fought off an offer from shares dipped 2^p to 601>|p. 

Elsewhere, stores shares were BunzI last year. Yesterday Tmre was s imilar action for 
pennies higher as investors grew Brammer shares rose 12p to : H which losr 8p 

optimistic about predictions oi 335p. J®,. 3 . 2 ®?- ° n 5^55 

a consumer spending boom in Bid speculation also returned V^U Loropttters also fell tack 
1986. T«9 co was well liked, the to Wedgwood, the ceramics *** cause .°f P^ht-takmg, and its 
price rising 7p to 295p. and- group- Tne shares rose 15p to “^re pnee sua op to 34p. ^ 
there were gains for Bejam 
Group. Kwik Save and other 
supermarket and cash and carry 

its not being referred 10 the York, with the Industrial Bank of figures in £000. turnover was 316 Johnson & Higgins, the leading 
Monopolies Commission. Japan, under which the bank has (319), while the pretax profit was SO US insurance company revealed 

• SLOUGH ESTATES: The bought from Schraders Inc., the (43). - 

company has completed the acqui- company's 95.4 per cent-owned • JOSEPH SUNDERLAND ■»-*_ t • 

sition of Helmlace. Accordingly, holding company in New York, 51 SONS AND CO: For the half-year rrOTllS 

10,905,766 new ordinary shares per cent of the capital of both J. to Sept 30. die pretax profit was . ^ 

have been allotted the vendors of Henry Schroder Bank and Trust and -£2,416(£2.415). nf feripn 

group. The shares rose 15p to rmwstid 6p to 3^. 

254p, having touched 260p in ■ Nefl and Spatcer HobUngs 
early trade. 

jumped 3p to I9p on recovery 

There was similar risky hopes, while optimistic corn- 
buying in shares of Lee mcnt m ** New Ycar 

undercut by events on the 
foreign exchanges, there is 
plenty of city cnfidence in the 
car maker’s prospects. 

• Trading volume on the 
London traded options market 
stayed low, the total number of 
contracts reaching just 8,865. 
The stock exchange index 
option showed the biggest 
volume, with 1,450 contracts, 
but there was also action in 
Grand Metropolitan with 759 
contracts, and BP with 756 
contracts traded. There were 
few significant price changes. 


Owin g 

Alton Mewl Vidas 5p Old (180) 225+J7 

/^hjcy(Umia) 5p Orri (1 351 1M 

OMe&vrinjcw30gOTd(SS7)300pN JOS 
Omcffy Sccunna 25p Ord (63a) £9 

0«ft Fiwflxi Lyocfi Ord fBAaj 17 

Clftwynd Stmt 5p Old (1 3)) 130+-2 

China A Eajtn UvS0J>5 (7]p) 65 

sition of Helmlace. Accordingly, holding company in New York, 51 
10,905,766 new ordinary shares per cent of the capital of both J. 

• KENNEDY SMAL& For the 

Helmlace. J- Henry Schroder Banking. Scfarod- « KENNEDY SMALE: For the 

• REG ALLAN PROPERTIES: Of ers Inc, will receive about $77.5 half-year to Sept 30. with figures in 
ihe 3.411,736 new ordinary shares million (£53.8 million), including £000. turnover was 3.341 (3.265), 
allotted by way of rights, 3.355,404 dividends, but before deducting while the pretax profit was 299 
i a bout 94.3 per cent) were taken up. expenses. (326). Earnings per share were 4.4p 

The balance of 56332 has been sold • AIM GROUP: For the half-year (3.6p). No interim dividend is being 
in the market and the excess over to On 31, with figures in £000. paid, but the board is reasonably 
the subscription price (after deduc- turnover was 1 1.424 (7,287). while confident that a final of2p gross win 
tion of the expenses) of about 6Sp the pretax profit was 810 (835). be possible. 

Profits ‘rise 
at twice 
inflation rate’ 

By Ronald Faux 
The pre-tax profits of top 
Scottish companies rose last 

Guidelines aim to curb sale of 
cut-price computer capacity 

Gnnwk* MIB I Op Old (»■) 

Ousts 5p Oid (74a) 

Distant 25p Onl (!2Sa) 

Gomn Sk Ins £1 (MOOD) 90p PH 

Companies which 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 
have a Government advisers have cations 

B. n-r UMIV VfA GonyteSttrfiDe IOpQxd(56*) 

tooco I Op Oid (53) 

pa nan tv MSitifesBin., 

Y Morale Moore ft CM ( 111 ) 

JL mJ Monks ACaacldp Oid fa) 


SPP 1 0p Old 025) 

cations busirtes-i. could use their SSwISiSStooSrefci 




ABN Bank 114% 

Adam & Company — . I? 4% 

BCCl - tl‘.s% 

Citibank Savings .t I2H% 

Consolidated Crds — . 1 1 ’ 

Continental Trust 1 1 

Co-operative Bank 1 1 (£% 

C.Hoare&Co 1 1 <4% 

Uoyds Bonk 

Nat Westminster HV-% 

Royal Bank Scotland ~ 1 1 ‘>i% 

TSB Il'tfb 

Citibank NA II%% 

1 Mortgage Base Raw. 

McLaren Dick & Company Mr Peter Harrington and Mr 
^Marine): Mr Da rid Unacre has Philip Lewis have been pro- 
been made managing director, moted to executive directors, 
succeeding Mr David Biricy. Neville Russell: Mr Paul 

Sun Life Direct Marketing: Carter of the Oxford office. Mr 
Mr Richard Zamboui has been Chris tipher Drfng of the Nor- 
made chairman, Mr Frank wch office. Mr David Hngbes- 
Berry managing director and don of the Bristol office and Mr 

Snrey tn ™™ r oI ntillton and wfeh devtoed a system to allow most spare computer capacity and 
DuSished iSSv 8 ^ *° ^ , s P are capacity on then- of these services to be classified seU it at a price tor below 

■ . mternal computers cheaply will under one blanket licence, market prices, engaging In * 

published today. 

Of 88 companies covered in 
the survey, carried out by 
Scottish. Business Insider maga- 
zine. 65 r e p o r ted increased 
profits and 23 reduced profits or 

| internal computers cheaply win nndcr one blanket licence. 
! have their activities severely There wffi be consultation with 
restricted under guidelines just the relevant industrial parties in 
disclosed by the Department of February and the licence should 
Trade and Industry. be available in August. 

The spare capacity restrio- Thcr.are 179 operators rathe 
tuns and other recommen- United Kingdom which between 

Mr Jeffrey Painter executive John White in Clcvedon. Avon, The In 
director. become partners. major be 

Kiicai & Aitken: Mr Anthony Hawker Siddely Power En- proved fortunes' of Scottish 
L. White, Mr Robert D. E. gineering: Mr Preben Strode- companies. Tax paid rose by 26 
Carpenter, Mr Richard Harri- naes has been appointed to the per cent, 
son. Mr James M. Johnston board. ct-itmi 

and Mr Kenneth D. Rodrigues ^ _ _ 

have joined the partnership tr “ Automation: Dr^ ^P. PJtaxPJ 

Rentokil Group: Mr David E-M^dtoton ismate managing •*» 

than one per cent. 

The Inland Revenue was a 
major beneficiary of the im- 

Trade and Indastry. be available in August. 

The spare capacity restrio- Thcr.are 179 operators rathe 
turns and other recommen- United Kingdom which between 
dattons contained in a paper them offer 650 types of valne- 
pabtished this week, are meant added service. These companies 
to ensnre more competition in lease their telecommunications 
this sector and prevent unfair circuits from British Telecom or 

seU it at a pnre tar below {KSfflCSuV) 
market prices, engaging in 

unfair competiti on- _ 

The new proposals rec- lun -Oh t68i Na Pd 
<ynm*nrt that the Office of town (YJ.H2601 WJ w 
TrtMunmmilMKAM fOftel) Mw«^.d475)FWIy PU 

Ord (I 30 b) 

J* pRd 
30 Iran -4 
6 prrm-l 

| cross-snbsidizathin where a 
company's main activities frmd 
its tefecomimrications services. 
The paper relaxes rules 

Mercury but then “add value 4 * £50 m2 
by offering their particular turnove 
service. to arhk 

The Government first pub- licence.' 

Telecommtmfcations (Oftel) •SS5SSW™'" 1 6pre ^? 
takes action against cross^ubsi- W: pr^ m parmhoos, a Uahsed Seamncs. 
dization. The paper says: “The ^ ytEWfcf - 

department proposes that mini- 

mom annual turnover figures of T?/^T T * /in 4 1 . n/t f 
£1 miffion In respect of tefecom- UA^U COllIxaCL 
nmnicalion services provided or The New York Cotton 
£50 million in respect of group Exchange is to launch a 
turnover would be appropriate European Currency Unit fu- 
to achieve the objectives of the tures contract, the first in 

Araenca. The contract, which 

Bntoil topped foe chart with governing the operation of what fished its proposals for Vans The new gridlines may be] starts next Tueaday, will trade 

PfHt nronTe AT t hxx m 1 1 i t rtil It I *- - * 1 j j n n -« t • & ■ — - ■ _ w ■ 1 AOn * — I ■ i am * 

Negretti Automation: Dr P. | pretax profits of £68S million, h j are tensed 

E. Middleton is made ip ^ pa gitig I was 

Newbigging has been made a f" d 

non-executive director. apprantw! producti on directw. 

^ Mr D. P. Greengrass leaves the 

Scandinavian Bank Group: board. 

was also Scotland's largest 
taxpayer, contributing £160 
million in corporation taxes and 

tojgrat I works (Vans). These networks. 

tost June bat changes were 
needed to light of the response 


which embrace a range of to that paper. The Government 
services from data transmission has been concerned that large 

superceded in_ 1989 by a in lots of ECU 100,000. its 
government dectokm to approve rapid introduction in foe 
resale of telephone circuits by United States is an embarrass- 
clients of Mercury and British mem for London where an 

petroicuzc revenue tax. 

to electronic mail have beat companies, not principally in- Telecom to third parties without ECU contract had been delayed 
restricted to the past. volved in the tetocommtui- any u added value” element. by sqabbling between exchanges. 

Law Report January 3 1986 

■Janred Properties Ltd v Ente 
Rationale Jtalbno per il 

Unauthorized act of agent is binding on State 

which ihe plaintiff had agreed to which 

take ihe property off the market. 
ENTT was an Italian State body 

establish ostensible 


t.-v 1 1 was an uauan state ooay. However, there was also a plea of 
Before Mr JneirrKno* supported by Italian public fends. It estoppel, based on the detriment 

-iL™ jr _7nL_L « was common ground that resohi- suffered by the plaintiff. While it 

[Judgment delivered December 5] tions of its governing board of was not true, as the plaintiff alleged. 

Although an agent of foe directors concerning annual and that the plaintiff had aimed away 
defendant had neither actual nor longer-term commitments needed prospective purchasers of the 
ostensible authorin’ to conclude an approval from the Minister of reversion, there was the fact that the 
agreement on its behalf, the Tourism. plaintiff had kept foe property off 

defendant, an Italian State body. The issue stemmed from the feet the market right up until November 
was bound by estoppel be rau** the that the authority of Mr Tomaso 2. 1982. on the footing that there 
a gree ment was a voidable contract, Tomba, who bad signed for and on was a valid contract, which foe 
capable of ratification, and not a behalf of ENTT. was disputed, and it defendant had wished to complete 
complete nullity on foe hasU of «as claimed font foe agreement was ora of time. That feet constituted 
ultra vires. Mr Justice Knox held in ultra wm and void. sufficient detriment to found an 

lions of its governing board of was not true, as the plaintiff alleged, 
directors concerning annual and that the plaintiff had forced away 

longer-term commitments needed prospective purchasers of the 
approval from foe Minister of reversion, there was foe fee: that the 

that the plaintiff had forced away described, at toast in cases of 
prospective purchasers of the dishonest. 

reversion, there was foe fee: that the The question therefore arose 
plaintiff had kept foe property off whether on foal analysis foe defects 

a -.. ■ r I csloppc | wh »eh English few, as. foe in feat’s voidable contracts could 
Airo foe ftaha n doctrine of culpa propn-few of foe conttact and foe clearly be seen to represent a social 
I . con-rckendo w as cap able of fan, would apply was not policy, which foe conn had to give 
mr-Sl » coalmen between oriuded bjr the Itahan legislation effect to in foe interests of a section 
puWw: erratics and private persons which resulted m rendering Ibc of foe public. 
w R: cij w W mafor voidable, as contract voidable, or in Italian His Lordship therefore concluded 
at toast m cases of terms, a nutiua relate for foe that foe agreement h™ 0 „ 
ENTT by ewoppd and be dirSorf 

Tourism. pfeintxff had kept foe property off whether on foal analysis foe defects 

The issue stemmed from the feet foe market right up until November in the formation of foe agreem ent 
that foe authority of Mr Tomaso 2. 1982. on the footing that there were such as to p reve n t the doctrine 

that foe authority of Mr Tomaso 2. 1982. on the footing that there 
Tomba, who had signed for and on was a valid contract, which foe 
behalf of ENTT. was disputed, and h defendant had wished to complete 

were such as to p reve n t the doctrine 
of estoppel applying, 
la Freeman and Lockver v 

. , . EMIT by estoppel and f 

1 The rage of ultra wes wasfouu an inquiry as to damages, 
mwered foe relevant transaction a Solicitors Howard 
mzllily rocapabkr of ratiScation: Colwmbotti & Panncn- 
nuuita rrfaztva merely rendered foe 
contract voidable at foe suit of ooe /i .« 


ultra vires. Mr Justice Knox held in 
an action brought over an agree- 
ment by the defendant to purchase a 
long lease of a property in London. 

Mr Gavin Ljghtman, QC and Mr 
Jonathan Crystal for foe plaintiff: 
Mr Stanley Brodie, QC and Mr 
Stephen Nathan for foe defendant. 

ultra vim and void. sufficient detriment to found an Ltd. (;1964j 2 QB 480. 504) Lord 

Shortly before foe signing, a Mr estoppel subject always ro the effect Justice Dtplock laid down the 
Morctn. who at foe time was a of the doctrine of ultra vires. prsripif foat cstoppd could not 

commissioner extraordinary, hav- His Lordship’s conclusions as to validate foat which wag uitra rires in 
ing, it was said, all foe powers of the foe provisions of Italian few, were as terras of acts which foe corporation 
president, foe board of directors and follows Where a contract was made was not permitted by hs consri- 
foc executive committee of ENTT, on behalf of a person to whom foe tutioc to do itself 
sent Mr Tomba a Telex, stating, requisite power had not been gi ves. Ia Kce Hoor.g v Lcong Checr.g 
inter alia (as translated) “We give the result was not a total nullity: foe Kapng Mines Ud ([1964] AC 993. 
favourable opinion purchase tons contract was voidable by foe P^biic 10! 6) Lord Radchfle considered 

la treeman and -Lockver v party and binding ia th* ra fte r 
Budkhurs: Park properties fldozMl) 2 The few here eonfiomtos the 
Ltd f; 1964J 2 QB 480. 504) Lord estoppel to use Lord Raddiflc's 


In Dc Souza r Automobile 
.issoaatien (The Times December 
201. the fourth paragraph of our 

ji ^-a Prpfoch fex 1 dowi the ifofajc. w» one designed ip protect 201. the fourth paragraph of our 

lbe revenue, and therefore summary of Lord Justice May’s 

vauda^e foat which was uitra rues m international comity did not impose judgment should have read as 
terras of acts which foe corporation an unperanve bar on what follows; 

was not permitted by hs eonsti- few woohlreganl as foe just solution However, in so fer as foat 

tuaoc toeo riselL according » few. The portion decision [Porcettt r Strathclyde 

in ter Hcvr.g v Lcong Ckoong might be different if whai was Regional Crtt«c//U19851 ICR 177)1 
0L» AC 993, spertfic performance. 3SS £T« «S!^eoi3 

Reason not required 

Regina V Soda! Secarity Com- exempted commissioners trom foe 
misstoner. Ex parte Connolly requirement, under section 12(1) ot 
Since Pufiament had seen fit to Tribunate and taqifoks Act 
give social security commissioners JK 1 '- “ gro reasons for foeir 
specific exemption horn foe obfi- on applicauons for leave 

gation to give reasons for refbknjt to section 106(2) 

leave to appeal from as attendance of ■ Security Act 1975 

allowance board, foe Court of agaui ? “ e detenmaatton of an 
Appeal (Lord Justice May, Lord aa ® Ddan “ .allowance board and 
- Jt^Sfede and Loid Justice Neill) ? nun * er of 

refused on December 19 to affirm oUlcr specified tnbonais. 
any general prinriple that reasons .There was no basic requirement 
should be given in such cases, or °* natural justice that reasons 
even in special cases, as had been shonld. always be given when a 
suggested by Mr Justice Woolf on discretion such as that was 
January 24, 1985, in both the exercised: see Antmos Campania 
present case and in i r Social ■'«2*"** v Salat Rederienta AB 
Securin' Commissioner. Ex parte if Wring July 27, 1984; [1985] 
fSI? Times - PetottarTi AC 191). 1 

“ ■nm.ynm mu DM confront 
juugcsocosuBi. comimsBonera with the embairass- 

years for authority with foe consent of foe 

ia wr nrnnr 1 udes uww« nugni dc cunerent it what was RecTMai Council (ims\ ICR 177)1 
mfrr? if A C 993. vwjbiwts s pecific p erformance. suggested foat sn empfovee could 
10.6? Lo rd Ra dclifle considered 3ENIT, as opposed to us relevant o^Tbe said to have been'subiected 
tias foe proper tea vz s to ask ofuccrv undoubtedly had power to to a detriment, within foe meaning 

Italian court, but it was onfewfoi ia whether foe few foat confronted foe enter into for agreement of July 2. of either section 6C*X6> of the Sex 

His Lordship, having considered foe sense that it was contrary to foe estoppel emtid be seta to represent a 1982. Discmmrmion Art 1975 or section , 

pert evidence on Italian law in provisions of Ibe Italian few social P<*c> to winch foe coart had 4 If Italian few had been the proper 4<2)c) of foe 1976 Art, if foe result of 

MR JUSTICE KNOX said that favourable opinion purchase loos contract was voidable by foe ptooc 10! 6) Lord Radclifle considered 3 E.NIT, as opposed to its relevant onKbe said to have bwn'subiected 

the case involved an action for lease duration 75 years for authority with foe consent of foe that foe proper test was to ask ofuccrv undoubtedly had power to to a detriment, within for meaning 

damages brought by foe plaintiff, £1,750.000". Italian court, but it was nafewfei in whether foe aw foat confronted foe enter into the agreement of July 2. of either section 6(2X6) of for Sex 

Janred Properties Ltd, against foe His Lordship, having considered foe sense foat it was contrary to foe estoppel amid be sem to represent a 1981 , Discmmrmion act 1975 or section 

defendant, Ente Narionale Italiano expert evidence on Italian few in provisions of foe Italian few social pohp to winch foe coart had 4 If Italian few had been the proper <W2)c) of foe 1976 Ao. if foe result Df 

per il Tnrismo (ENTT), whereby relation to the facts, concluded that designed to protect foe Italian io p« effect in foe interests of the few it would have been capable of the discrimination mnTriu mfrt nf 

ENIT agreed to purchase a tong Mr Morctti did not have power to public revenue. pick reacrafly or some section oi providing protection to innocent was cither Him tTgl or Other 

lease of property at No 1 Princes authorize Mr Tomba to sign the The contract was binding upon foe pubhe. despite any roles of third parties suffering loss from disciplinary actions or some action 

Street, and No 6 Swallow place, agreement, and thereby to bind and not vmdabte by _foe fond party, evrtence foat foe jarties might have improper conduct by ENITs by foe employee sock as construc- 

Westxninster. The a gre e m ent, dated FNIT. and that, in any event, no It was wsccptible of ratiticatton by cre ated by foeir conduct or rt&ers. tire dismissal or a ppiin» mn far 

July 2, 1982, was reached- after '.xpress authority had been given, the jrcbhc authority on owajnmg otberwtte . 5 The^tndple foat an estoppel transfer, then foat dSston was too 

nmtracted ncEotiations, during and that forrs nn basis on the requisifrconscnt or otherwise la las Lordships judgment an should be excluded tn foe case of an limited. 

of property at No I Princes authorize Mr Tomba to sign foe 
Street, and No 6 Swallow place, agreement, and thereby to bind 
Westminster. The a gre e m ent, dated FNIT. and foat. in any event, no 
July 2, 1982, was reached- after express authority had been giren, 
protracted negotiations, during and that forre was r.o fcatis on 

980 No 1637) specifically disco^^ 

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Britannia Arrow 



Only Coetzee in 
the way of 
world title bout 

From Mitchell Platts 

The Bahamas f nfl Dwiltin 

Ben Crenshaw begins the New i ill B 1 1 111 111 

\ ear no ihe Bahamas Classic M. 

starting on the Paradise Island „ „ „ , 

marse today hoping to rescue a By 5nk Dinar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

career which turned sow from the Frank Bruno is one contest over 15 rounds by John Tate in 

vSSSi ,he US awa ? rrorn 3 world heavyweight 1979 in a WBA title bom, then 

.Masters 20 months ago. , j,[ c ^ Hc has ^ malched he was knocked out by Mike 

Crenshaw's victory at Augusta - with Geme Coeizcc. of South Weaver (who could hit) in 13 
his first win in a major champion* Africa, ihe World Boxing rounds. In 1981 he lost on 
ship - was miriaJlj regarded as Association No I at Wembley points to Renaldo Snipes and in 
compelling evidence that he be- on March 4. If Bruno wins, as 1984 Coetzee lost his WBA title 
longed amongthc most able players world No I he could be 10 Greg Page in eight rounds 

™/i.M^ rae ’-? i ' proW ? n, '^- fta, ^- it challenging the WBA champion Coetzee has had onlv on* 
coincided with an upheaval m bn r onv -rubbv of United State* l. LOeUeC , - , . °“V f one 

- domestic life - he was dirorced later ■ vDDs. oi united btates. bout since losing his title lo 

that year - and a loss of 1,1 I** t SL,n o T,er ',, , . Page. He beat James ‘Quick* 

concentration which ultimately M,,ce Barren, the London jillis on points last September 

* dstroyed one of the smoothest c 0 J* ? ull,ng . U P in Johannesburg. Of his 30 wins 

putting tpnebes on the US tour. £240.000 for the bout with 1 8 have been inside ihe distance 

* Crenshaw missed the halfway gwweand r«e,v mg six Bruno - s mm , r Terrv 

cats in the US Open and US PGA ^ gl J. re purses, said. I hope to La w jess. has accepted the 
champioiiship in 1984 and his slid* realize an ambition of staging a wecexsitY of his chaise takinn on 

* became more dramatic in 1985 when world heavyweight champion- JhVtS ^South^^^rS 

c ftjwssiwss® g£rT!.t£fa^ffiS 
. — “ SEISMS# 

Crenshaw says: -My trouble h confident can beat the qqj, Kina’* Lawless said “So 

that f belong to the group of players Americans and bring the fight loo T * * yuuw* the WBA 
who can suffer from long slumps - here. In ihe meantime the chamnion Lt k nm 

c sliding into periods when 1 am Coetzee contest “will be ihe S ^ n J?h 
simply no longer competitive and hottest ihing since Ihe Ali- F^Lt 
C therefore not a factor at all. Ire r nnnfr c ( ~u. ~ a.mMino m cfanic beats Uoetzee. Tuoos will 
always been good or bad with no in Barren " ShL accordms 10 have to fight Frank, who will 

Bruno is qui.c confide! Unit N ® 1 f^enser. 
he will be the world champion. know Coetzee is a smart 

“I’m vers- pleased !*m two fights n&hter. not just a chap who 
... awav from the title.” he said wa,ks in throwing punches but 

* *•*** pressure yesterdav. “Tbis fight with Frank has matured mentally 

whict or course, gradually leads to Coetzee is my Christmas ore- and physically over the last 18 

f yoo^mmg increasingly frus- scnl “, 98 6 is my year ? SoteH months and 'the Bonecrusher 

down on mv mum’s kitchen defeat showed how strong 
t The Texan tarns 35 later this wall eight years ago. at least mv Frank is. He took 14 shots from 
month. He still has time to resurrect brother Mick did. ‘Frank will be Bonecrusher flush on the chin 
. iinn.?n?n^i! d T. n * ..° f world champion in 1986* he before going down. Also that 

k "™s *™ fisc i “™ ,c a " d • ”p«i jj” _ s? 

. it did not betray me when l w<m the . But things firsL Coetzee Frank and allowed him to get 

in search 
of his lost 

Crensbaw says: “My trouble is connaeni «"C can Deal tne 
that I belong to the group of players Americans and bring the fight 

moving away 
from team games 

Paul Theroux, the American 
novelist wrote in his essay on 
Btinga Man (1984) that “the 
quest for m an l iness is esa en- 
tiall y right wing. puritanical, 
cowardly, neurotic and largely 
fuelled by a fear of women. It is 
nitn certainly philistine” . 

He questions, on good evi- 
dence, much of the competitive 
ethics of sport, a philosophy 
which seems to have been 
reflected in a movement away 
from team games by the Inner 
London Education Authority 
ourl and other regional bodies over 

Sports | 
Commentary 1 

member dubs. I wish to stress that the past 18 months. . 

we are to represent fo^ and Nbpoficy document has been 

S23&KSF jrablisffbj the. MSA, but 

The proposals for consideration there is widespread evid ®ace of 
ok: their oomiiiiuuent again st nu t 

t: To increase dub representation scale Afield sports’, eg rugby,. 

and that radical educationalists' 

s-*<V ’ IJ-'V-.v -* • 

■ • ’C* 

David Miller 

"ho can suffer from long slumps - 
'.tiding into periods when I am 
simply no longer competitive and 
therefore not a factor at all. I've 
always been good or bad with no in 

“Things got worse in 1985 
because I lost my concentration on 

here. In the meantime the 
Coetzee contest “will be the 
hottest thing since the Ali- 
Cooper fight.” according to 

Bruno is quite confident that 
hc will be the world champion. 
“I’m very pleased I'm two fights 

rbe golf course and I began to pat awav from the title.” he said 
E3ff„.CK; yesterday. ‘-Tbis fight with 

it did uot betray me when I won the . nrsL Coetzee 

LS Masters. I know how well I can »s not likely to be one of those 
putt and I just hope that I can Bruno push-overe. The 30-year* 
generate some confidence on the old former world champion 
greens, starting this week.” mav not be the most rifted of 

months and the Bonecrusher 
defeat showed how strong 
Frank is. He took 14 shots from 
Bonecrusher flush on the chin 
before going down. Also that 
defeat took the pressure off 
Frank and allowed him to get 
on with it”. 

Bruno added: “I can look 
after myself. I have sparred with 

Crenshaw will face stiff oppo- boxers and he may be past his 
sitinn in the Rahum** Classic - a best, but he is big, strong. 
1 54- bole curtain-raiser to the 1986 experienced and the toughest of 
L'S Tour - with Andy Bean, Fred Bruno's opponencls so far. 
. Couples and Jim Thorpe among the Coetzee lakes a good shot 

for , the S72.000 (about (certainly used to) and gives a 
£45,000) first prize, hen Brown, wbo nnf , rno 
. was expected to lead the British . „ . , c 

asslL has withdrawn but Ronan . H,s ,our defeats in 35 bouts 
Rafferty, the former Walker Cop h . ave W*™ at the hands of top- 

oia lorrner wona cnarapton alter myselt. I have sparred with 
may not be the most gifted of a lot of tough heavyweights in 
boxers and he may be past his America. I have been waiting so 

player, has entered. 

class boxers. Hc was beaten 

long for this test It is a real 
booster for me and I am 200 per 
cent confident I can win. I know 
he is tough and dangerous, with 
a really good right hand. There 
is no way he can beat me on the 
night. It could be a baboon 
coming out of the other corner, 
il would not make a difference.” 

on the AAA general committee by 

election at area annual general j n ^ authority regard compel 

‘^i^Totncnsase dub representation teacher exerting, especially within 

on the AAA general committee by ILEA since the retirement 

election aiarea agms, but ensimng several years ago of Peter 

that a proportion of dnb represmta- has rgig oefl pecan s^ McIntosh, chairman of physical 

fives would not be members of the as he says: “The pressure on £v n _ aliQI , Athletics and s-Sr 
ana executive committees. schools is to be anti anything . elitist 

3: To increase dub represent*- that Is competitive. There is no “V.”®* 

fives on the AAA gtocral committee written xtiMctird, but it is P - ^ 

by poaal vote. OoS in each area J-SSSf .W r>Z>r>h> who are losers ^ owket and nethafl.ara 

. especially ^ within 
since the retirement 
years ago of Peter 

s£;n£A£Sssri *■» 

sexist unless played by mixed 
teams; rugby and soccer are 


merobera. 1 nrmea tns 

4: To increase area represents.-- 1 approach, 
fives on the AAA general committee! Sport, e 

bv direct postal vote to the AAA, the 1 

Sport, especially as played by 
men, has a capacity as much to 

resulting representatives to be debase as to uplift the spirit, to 

encourage the cheat as well as 
the hero, to produce had winners 
more than' good losers, if 
directed by unthinking p a r en ts, 
schoolteachers - or coaches. 

Wjm* m 

■ ■ 


m - scnooiteacikers • or coac 

lyfnyc Pllli'fln There are limitless example 

lrlal 9 UllCU courage in sport, but it can 

promote pointless bravery. 

men . Egalitarian theory 

renew battle cannot change life 

competitive. This is the loony 
view of an ideology which finds 
itself obliged to oppose competi- 
tive sport because It is the 
reverse of egalitarianism. ' 

Yet egalitarian theory cannot 
change life. We are competing, 
spontaneously, at every stage: 
for school and university places, 

There aro limitless examples of for houses * 

courage in sport, but ft can also appointment* as egadrtanan 

Putting on the style: Bruno in London yesterday 


Welsh dreams must Championship proves its worth 

CJ‘4'017 rv I g-\ Anittli By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

^ I /] W I .11 111 wTZjM B III The value of the Thom EMI reproved him from the game against Year's Day 1985 survived to New 

divisional championship was en- Romania last January when he Year's Day 1986: eight- members of 

might have anticipated a full the team which played a gains t 
international season. Wales last April remain and. of the 

By Gerald Davies 

The six lone jears that have 
passed wit hour a sign of Wales 
-» inning the Triple Crown or fi ve- 
nations championship underline the 
{mnntry’s failure to come to terms 
"iib the period of transition which 
followed their golden age. 

More disconcertingly, at the end 
or each of the last three seasons. 
Wales have felt a general air of 
optismism - two victories against 
England in 84 and 85 and a good 
performance of the next has been 
squandered and laid waste. 

Each succeeding international 
season has not been built on the 
modest successes of the last. It is 
icmtpting to say that another proud 
rngby nation. New Zealand, would 
not have allowed such a period to 
pass without making amends for the 

On however limited a platform, 
the Ail Blacks, supremely practical 
men, would have accepted their 
shortcomings, consolidated their 
position, ami played in a manner to 

Australian dates 

Australia will play home inler- 
r.ational matches against Italy. 
France and Argentina (twice) during 
June and July before making a tour 
of New Zealand in August and 
September which will include three 
'ntematicnai matches. 

Sep te ntwr 6: v New Zaaland (WWmTffln. 
Silvan a.-xl Aa^’anS). 

e as are chat they stayed on or near 
Ibe lop or the rugby tree until such 
time as their confidence grew. 

Wales, with a mixture of 
misfortunes, like Holmes' recurrent 
injury problems, or lack of talented 
players in some positions, have 
added to their problems by some 
carious selection decisions. At the 
same time they hare expressed the 
wish to play in an ambitious manner 
which the players were unable to 
deliver. Six years is a long lime to go 
in search or a style. The time now 
has been reached when a good 
performance in the Five Nations 
championship is required. 

The task is not an easy one for as 
well as losing Terr; Holmes the 
scrum half, captain and the moving 
spirit of the team. John Sevan, the 
coach, has relinquished bis position 
on grounds of ill-health. And, in a 
zany period when violent behaviour 
seemed common place in _ the 
untumiL the Welsh Rngby Union 
adopted such a ruthless, no 
nonsense approach in an attempt to 

curb it (hat the first casualty was 
Robert Norater who, in being sent 
oft. was made ineligible to play Tor 
Wales for the remainder of the 

Tony Cray's first task in his first 
year as national coach will be to 
instil confidence bearing in mind all 
that has gone before him. This 
comes quite naturally to the team in 
winning, but with the right approach 
and understanding the team can gain 
confidence without it. The loss of 
Holmes, for instance, with whom the 
national team was so strongly 
identified, could easily have a 
demoralizing effect hot with some 
wise guidance could be turned to 
advantage if it means that the other 
players will have to look to their own 
responsibilities and not rely an 
someone else for a source of 

There is a clutch of young players 
among the 35 named in the national 
squad which wOJ force the WRU 
selectors to consider how many they 
can afford ro blood for the first 
international against England. 
Chen that David Water’s luck is 
dne for a change in 1986, then be is. 
at lock, the only signi fi ca n t change 
in the front five forwards, though 
Eidman or Stephens, in the absence 
of Stuart Evans of Swansea because 
of injury, will return at prop. 

Now that Richard Moriarty has 
helped to make (he selectors minds 
up there is no need any more ro 
think of the permutations that could 
best accommodate his abilities. 
This, therefore, means that with 
Gareth Roberts only recently 
returned to fitness and with only one 
game under his belt in October, the 
way may now be open for the other 
Mariarty, Paul, to complement 
Pickering and Davies in the back 
row. The likelihood is that Pickering 
will be tbe captain. 

With very little that divides, 
them, it may be that Mark Douglas 
will pip Ray Giles for the s crum half 
position, wfth Robert Jones more 
than likely on the sidelines. Whilst 
Jonathan Davies wil] be at stand-off 
half there is not much that separates 
tbe wings, Hadley. Emyr. Lewis and 

The selectors by now may feel 
that tbe time is ripe for a new 
pairing of Bleddya and Kevin 
Hopkins in the centre. They may sot 
yet be disposed to throw in John 
Devereux against England. Tbe loss 
of lea on Evans is a severe Mow 
whether chosen in tbe centre or on 
the whig. At fall back it looks that 
Paul Thorburn will beep ha position 

The value of the Thom EMI 
divisional championship was en- 
hanced by the announcement on 
Wednesday of England's team to 
play Wales on January 18. Every 
player, including the replacements, 
have taken part in the champion- 
ship which should leave no one in 
any doubt of the importance the 
selectors attach lo the competition, 
even if they will not always regard i: 
as the over-riding (actor. 

The Midlands, who won ihe 
championship, provide England 
with three players, hardly surprisin- 
Iv. all of them forwards. They wiil 
feel hard done by that they did not 
have a fourth. Gary Rees, of 
Nottingham, who (ailed to beat off 
Peter Winierbottom’s claim to the 
position of open side flanker. 

Rees continues to be a desper- 
ately unlucky young man. Injuries 
have afiectcd his career at vital 
moments but had he been able to 
establish himself last season it is 
unlikely that even a reconditioned 
Winterbonom would have ousted 
him. Illness, later diagnosed as no 
more than an upset stomach. 

Finn could get 
the nod for 
place on wing 

By George Ace 

The Ireland team that defeated 
England at Lansdowne Road last 
year to seize both the triple crown 
and championship, would have 
been chosen en Hoc for the opening 
international match against Fiance 
in Paris on February l i rrespe c tive 
of the outcome of tomorrow's final 
trial - Ireland v Combined 

But injury to two key plavers, 
Crossan. the left wing, and Carr, tfce 
open side wing forward, leave those 
positions open to several players is 
contention. The main contenders 
appear to be Finn and Haycock for 
the threesquarter position, and 
Kearney and Duncan for the by* - 
row. The team will be announced on 

Finn has been plagued by injury 
for the past season or so. but he has 
an excellent record in the green 
jersey which he has worn on 12 
occasions since he was first c ap p e d 
against England m 1979. His las: 
mulch was against Australia before 
the start of last season and though 
be is down to play in the centre for 
the Combined Provinces, be is 
equally adept on the wing. If Fma is 
firing on ali cylinders tomorrow, he 
could get tite nod over Haycock. 

might have anticipated a full the team which played a g a ins t 
international season. Wales last April remain and. of the 

On tour in New Zealand during team that took the field in England's 
the summer. Bn.ce Rope, the last international, against New 
erstwhile All Black coach, expressed Zealand in June, seven remain, 
the --jew that Rees would have been - _ ,i.. w 
front runner in bis team every time, p^, UloIIgb it wuld 

But Winterbonom. with his power- ^ 
fill phvsiqoe and the experience of F , 

15 rails and a successful British 

Lions tour in 1983. has been given °f e J® 

S? sunSSdbe is S5 ^ the^S 

advantage i a age (both will be 26 in 

surprised be is not in the squad for 
his experience and his ability to play 1 

May) so the battle will continue. I 

have not yet seen Rees play a poor ^ k 0rstand ~° ff 

“ JL'ir - - P J “ *' w ‘ required, 

representative game. M 

London, the divisional runners- ' the use or Nigel Redman as a 
up. have five E ng l an d represents- replacement wifi be instructive. The 
fives, as do the North. The South selectors are pinning a great deal on 
Wes; provide only two. though they his ball-playing ability and fitness . 
have five more on the bench, because, in the event of a back row 
suggesting dial the sum of Bath's injury, he wifi be the man lo take tbe 
parts does not translate too easily to field. Nevertheless, it is good to see 

a different sage. 

him back in the squad because he is 

There have been a series of certainly the player of the future, 
changes from the various stages of probably as Cbidough's replace- 
las: year. Seven of the players men I when the much travelled lock 
chosen against Romania on New finally retires. 

Courageous Campion 
try the Australians 

Schools Rugby by Micfcae! Stevenson 
The brief but fierce freeze sporo outfitters solved the problem, 
represented a set-back to representa- Ulster Schools, following a 

ti'e school’s rugby but the successful little tour of Cumbria and 
triumphal progress of the touring Yorkshire, lost lo Monster Schools 
Australian Schools continues un- in Limerick (10-6) and beat Leinster 
abated: their latest victory was at (6-3) in Belfast. Munster, who beat 
RarenhBI and it is a captivating Leinster (16-12) in Dnblin. won the 
irccy that, apart from this hard- in ter-prorimdal championship, 
fought win over Irish Schools (13- In the New Year Ulster Schools’ 
9i. almost their most demanding rugby revolves round tbe Schools' 
fixt’^re has been against a school Cup. Campbell College, Belfast, and 
s;de. Bangor G rammer School may be 

The Touring team brushed regarded as joint favourites but cup 
Easmu Coonses Schools aside form is notoriously fickle and the 
<52-0) but had. in their previous Royal Belfast Academical Issti- 
match. met vastly sterner oppo- ration, Ballymena Academy, Belfast 
sitioc in the previously unbeaten Royal Academy. Regent House 

By Robert Pryce 

Tbe sport of the space age throws 
up a game between two throwbacks 
this weekend. -when men suited for 
Mars will renew the National 
Football League's most ancient 
rivalry, between family businesses 
that have been at war with each 
other for 60 years. Sunday’s big 
game is between yesteryear’s' big 
teams: the Chicago Bears and the 
New York Giants. 

Chicago won tbe first NFL 
championship in 1921, when they 
were known as the Decatur Staleys. 
The Giants won their first title six 
years later. Chicago beat New York 
14-10 in tbe championship final of 
1963. which is almost the last time 
either team enjoyed any play-off 
success. To see them still in 
contention this late in the season - 
in the National Conference semi- 
finals - is a little like finding Preston 
North End and Wolverhampton 
Wanderers in the sixth round of the 
Cop. 1 

The Bean and the Giants are far 
from bxtufct Chicago are favoured 
to win the Super Bowl in three 
weeks' time after a year in which 
they have won 15 of their 16 games. 
New York beat the defending 
champions. San Francisco, 17-3 last 
Sunday to reach this stage. “It was a 
time to redeem ourselves,” Giant 
Bart Oates said. “We were on 
national television and people saw 
(hat we were a solid football team, 
not something dreamed up.” 

These are not teams typical of the 
NFL's new era. The route to football 
success is supposed to be via the 
forward pass, but neither the Bean 
nor the Giants have a receiver 
among the league's top two dozen, 
nor a quarterback half as lustrous as 
the league's brightest stars. Recent 
rule changes have - indulged the 
game’s offences, but here are 
winning teams based on the league's 
two meanest defences. 

Chicago's defence is not typicaL 
The Bear outline of their strategy is 
contained in a 60-pagr book 
compiled by their defensive coordi- 
nator. Buddie Ryan, who can signal 
from the sideline for any of 80 odd 
different permutations. “Everyone's 
going to have trouble with our 
stums and blitzes”, Chicago's Don 
Hampton has said. “Sometimes we 
don’t even know what we’re doing 

P-E. imsfrnctors. Wjubk. 
ywMiwaw very poriant, of course, is the manner 

galitarian theory jl5“ fc TJSSiAS 

inn nt change life ourselves, or be thought &ii- 
, — - ures. Competition encourages 

When I was 16. a game* .«*! . 

mas te r, rtiB etim our mntrh The difficulty for the Mhfa - 
■gainst an nwonrii adult team, ^ * or Sport is -that he is a 
bused in my ear that I weald j nnior minister in the Depart- 
never be selected again if I mf nt of Education ami Science, 
continued - in self preservation ^ seartary 

- to jump vertically over some jf ** Cpf®* "oaM like to see 
absurdly intimidating tackles. ™ e mnnation or an umbrella 
.The honorable action was to committee between the two 
walk off with yonr fibula ministries, which a meeting with 

sticking out through your sock. MacEWlane, the former 

Twoyears later, playing in a Minister of Sport, failed to 
county cup, the home supporters Jg “J 01 * 

were yelling at me: “EeTi kfll * ocal atrt oorrties should emulate 
yer’YTbe fall back soon did, so Birmingham and [Lefaertm i and 
to speak, pinning my foot as I ntflise^ fallow school fotihtus 
went by him. The knee still «fter d Pm- 

creaks. * 1 11 ■ 

Not all sport is foe panacea SpOltS DUpilS Voting 
for character building as be- vf , “ ® 

lie red by most - educationalists Wltll tnClT I68l 

since Dr Arnold, bat I think — - 

that ILp may have gone too Fortunately, the redundant 
far. So does the Central Comicfl sports pupils are voting with 
for Physical Recreation, whose their feet and have moved into 
cooc«n is being ff£en up by the (dpb football and rugby; cricket 
IVCmster for Sport- ILEA, fc trying to catch up in the 
which 13 years ago was a major business of creating junior 
developer of the physical ede- sect joas to senior dabs. Foot- 
cation programme, has drasti- hail has increased its affiliated 
cally reduced its support for cfobs, hugely through Sunday 
team games, to the point of football, from 23,000to 41,000 
alarm for rngby, . cricket and over 20 years, and has 40,000 
soccer governing bodies, and of students fa 1,000 regional 
mdinduaustic sports snch as coachfag coprses. Rugby young- 
at y ct ^x 3UM L Syy,l linil l l 8 - A n sters are moving into mini 
mger-16 London s occer c ompe^ rugby. Yet ranch of this activity 
□Cton, previously having 120 jg undiscip lined - “Standards are 
*7 ® as fimirter-fiiia- occasionally abysmal” Lawson 
lists who have yet to play a says. • 

n ff fay 42 deliberately seeking to 

Dwhara has dned uj frtra 70 eUmin^ competitive sports, 
state schools participating to ELEA and^ other bodies ire 
IT? °* ttlre C * , teachers^ are achieving the reverse of their 
resigning ev^ywhere in frns- aim and abdicating their re- 
tiation; or bring suited. Kent sponsibffltyTdestroW estab- 

competitions hi 

andwffl soon have two. the name of female emand- 

P* 4 * 00 “ wh »ch itself is laudable 
SS« fi nr? L f - and an egalitarianism which is 

obliging ILEA to try to sell unattainable. 

* nste “ d Producing a xnal- 
W W p^ F wni leab,e ' non-competitive elector- 

^ E P son h “to they wffl, ironically, prob- 

grass-cutting of sports fields has aizpressive oamK-ntivino nonn- 

dont even know what we’re doing ^ressxve games-playfag popu- 

oureeives”. »*Boo wifa an over-eib^Son 

Ryan has been using this JW*P**« p icket pi tches. And the winning and closer to tha t 
bewildering mixture for about seven dispute has critically American society which The- 

ronx abhors. It is at school that 

seasons has be had tne players wbo point . from which it is imlikeJy u» j,, ... J L 

could handle h. Among fern are e^Tfally to recover. , 1 ^ ro ”» 

Hampton (6ft 5m, I9st and a career More ominous ■« tlu» Fairl)\The mdependent schools 

total of 200 stitches). Richard Dent ^ Y* ^ succeedfag at 

(6ft 5m. I8st). who leads the leasue *** wIuch ,Mor PoWfcfaiis are this, 
in “quarterback sacks”, and .Gary *~* " 1 


Campfon SchooL 

Newtoaards and Royal School, 

defeated { 5-0 after a contest that has Dunganaea are also serious con- 
extended them considerably. Tbe tenders. 

sheer courage of the Campion Nottinghamshire 18 Group have 
tackfrng V.-3S remarkable and. won aU five of their county matches: 
feUcwmg ac interval lead of 10-0 v Bedfordshire (13-0). v Leicester- 
through a»s by Harris and Charles, shire ( 11 - 01 . v NathamptotaUR 
a Rood of points seemed possible in (35-6). v Derbyshhe (31-10) and v 
foe second half. Lmcobnhlre (1 5-6). Initially there 

To Campion’s peat credit, were seven Trent College ana seven , 
however, the only points which the Nottingham High School players in 1 
toufteg team added were through a foe Nottinghamshire team. Easily j 
pcrnlty by Momscn. The Austin- foe leading try scorer was Pari 1 
liars had beea somewhat flustered Cosslett, the Trent No 8, with seven 
b;. for realization shortly before the tries. 

match that their kit had been lost Six members or tbe Notts 18 their Scottish visit, but a Group were selected for tbe final 
roara! of feverish shopping at local Midlands trial this week. 

Fendk. who last season was -voted 

the second dirties plyer in the NFL, 

wZTZZZ Fe™s can thrive in desert 

malevolence. Ryan has found little • B v Svdnev FVictin 

room for 22-stoue William “Tbe - , R . . ^ Pi ayoney hnslon 

Refrigerator” Perry. So umm- probity feel a left. He is one of the more 

pressed is the coach with tbe most towjFwhen they begin promising players in Britain and has 

rapturously greeted newcomer of Wtt tot frifa r tournament in maintained his form, scoring in 

the year that Peny was switched to a bavfag almost every match. This toorna- 

less taxing role, as panof Oucago s S”* awcti rocccss m recent xnent and foe one to follow in 
offence. g” 1 ™ 5 v* ■ r ^ nal ta { t Their Kuwait, where they win revert to 

The Refrigerator burst into the °PP°^ms over the next three days anifiriai tur£ should provide a great 
Ration's conscioosnes during a V enn * n y. India and opportunity for some of Britain's 

less taxing rote, as panof Chicago's 
offence. months 

The Refrigerator burst into the °PP°^m 
Ration's consciousness during a 
televised game in October, when he 
scored one touchdown and cleared . rau i ** 

opportunity for some of Britain's 

scored d^rod * s j evct ^ V 5 ” ^ y °OI^ , foOTite^r»1^E^i I ^Sa 

foe way for two others in a 23- 7 win - in - Britain’s should feel at home on grass. There 

over the Gram Bay Pickers. Rick ^ ^ are only two anjfidal^hes fa 

Teiander of Sports Illustrated , , m N ”focra Ireland India - at Delhi and Patiala, 

reportedtan enveloping a Green FIXTURES: January 3: Pakistan v 

Bay linebacker “tbe way a corpuscle T. e , Mh team “> Britain; India West German v- 

attacks a germ”. Ray Sons, of foe 'Vf vaEa but **» a « seleeted to January 4: India v Brilaira^SSi 

Chicago Son-Times • caUed it “foe tn rhr, ih^nr. ^rrx »- v West Germany; January & West 

bcameoffatsince^mveotionof r ^ s « Germany v Britain; India v 

bacon ”. Ryan called him “a waste of tohase his chance at nisido. Pakistan. 

Ambitious plan to extend game ail over the country 


Keith Mackkn 

Before 1995. I here win be an 
arnalcnr rUgby league dob in every 
bfc city and town in foe country. 
This is foe bold and ambitions and 
declared ahn of foe British Amateur 
Rngby League Association (BAR- 
LA) who next year will bunch foe 
first national amatenr rngby league. 
The choice of 1995 is significant and 
deliberate since during that year 
rngbv league "ill celebrate the 
centenary of be 1895 break -away of 
22 northern rngby union dobs. 

The new national amateur league 
will have Its first session in 1986-87, 
and rail feature the top 10 or 12 
teams in the BARLA empire. The 
clubs will be foe cream of foe 
thousand and more teams >t all 
amateur levels, and foe st anda rds of 
qualification trill be stringent. 

The toame will hare to have 
Staving strength fa depth, including 
at least two senior sides and a 

network of junior teams. They will 
need to prove sound financial s t at u s, 
proper administrative and public 
relations staffs, a ground with 
facilities up to professional stan- 
dards. and a club house and social 

Maurice Oidroyd. foe national 
administrator of BARLA. says: “We 

regard tbe establishment of the 
national amatenr rngby league as 
foe most important development fa 
foe sport for many years. It is being 
created as a model sports compe- 
tition to cater for the demands of the 
1980s. After 12 year* of successful 

achievement, now is foe time for 
fresh impetus and challenges in the 
growth of the amateur code of 
rugby." Matches fa the league wffl 
be played oq Saturdays, avoiding 
professional c om p e t iti on on Sun- 
days, and fons getting maximum 
media coverage. 

BARLA senses a powerful wind of 
change in spotting dsdes and in 
public opinion that wffl eventually 
How away foe last vestiges of r ugb y 
ration opposition and create the free 
gangway which Manrice Oidroyd 
and his coDtapa regard as natural 
and Inevitable. Tbe restora ti on of 

amateur dnb* to for John Player 
Special Trophy and foe SOk Cut 
Challenge has ghen farther noaen- 


The last few seasons have shown 
phenomenal growth hi the cumber of 
dabs Joining BARLA fa regions 
where (be 13-»-xide code has 
previously been unknown «r ignored. 
Maatear rugby league associations 
lave been formed fa Mansfield and 
Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, the 
Midlands and the South- West 
„ Southern Amatenr Sisby 
League has been foming and adding 
dub* to its number for well over a 

South African thrown in at deep end 

decade, and the Welsh Amateur 
League has recently been tamed. 
Uahrsrrities, puijteefaus ami coll- 
eges play foe game from foe north- 
east to South Wales. 

Aa Initial fe a ture o t tbe National 
Amateur Rngby League will be foe 
fact that It wffl be composed of tap 
dobs from the strongholds of foe 
game m Cumbria, Iaacnhin and 
Yorkshire. EventuaBy, however. 
Maaricr OMroyd has visions of 
amateur dabs from CUttahto, 
Bath. Bristol, Abcnrrun and London 
taring their way hup foe cSte. 

Some, if not all, of the sides in the 
a nalog y saper leagne wffl attract 
crowds bigger than these drawn to 
many professfonal second dfrisfon 

Ray Monk, the South African 
wing, n getting a hard baptism of 
rugby league as he turns ot for 
Wigan against Swinton on Sunday. 
Motdt only arrived in Wigan from 
South Africa yesterday with bis 
colleague. Rob Louw. foe forward 
I Keith Mackhn writes). Mordt 
debunked suggestions that in 

signing the South Africans the 
W igan club are supporting apart- - 

heid. He said: ”We don't even 
support it ourseives,” Mordt said 
the he and Louw were in Britain to 
piay rugby and bad no interest in 

• Nicky Kiss, the Wigan hooker, 
who was sent off along with Tommy 
Gi ttms. the Warrington forward on 
New Year's Day. ». to plead a case 
of mistaken identity wbea he 
appears before - tire • disciplinary 

committee. The Wigan dub- said 
yesterday tint Gittms will be writing 
a inter to the Rugby 
exonerating Kzsa. 

• Mark EGa, foe New Zealand 
international centre, win arrive in St 
Helens this weekend, and may be 
pressed into service quickly by Alex 
Murphy, foe St Helens coach, who 
has threatened clours in fax sdn, 
after three consecutivedefrats. 

There b no doubt foal BARLA 
offkfals btfieve in foe suoctauof foe 
history-ranking cempetitim. To 
quote Manrice Oidroyd ’ ipfe 
“After 12 years of honest endeavor 
nd constant growth, foe prospect ef 
ach l r ri og onr goal, whh evpy mqfar 
dty and town fa the United Kingdom 
baring an aan t ara rugby fcagae 
team before 3995 seems very, vary 


money . 

Chicago have the biggest running 
back in the league; tbe Giants have 
one of the smallest. Joe Morris is 
only 5ft 7in talt, which in fos gam* 
is like as k in g to have AsttoTuxf 
kicked in your face, but he has 

somehow “ borancd off and slipped 
through mas s e d ranks of hired and 
fr red-up bully boys for 21 touch- 
downs this season, the best in tbe 

Helping to protect this resource- 
ful puppy is the bunch of vugpies 
who man foe New York offensive 
line, foe unit most 'responsible for 
reviving the shunbezzog Giants. 
Among these brutes are » stock- 
broker. a mechanical en gineer and a 
stayer know as *&e Phitospber’V 
“We’re all pretty dose fa socio- 
economic status", says Gates, 
another of their ' number. Giants 
never used to talk like this fa foe 
storybooks, b« tten foe storybooks 
newer gave then much hope of 

Nor, On this o cc asi o n, do the 
bookmakers. Chicago are favoured 
tow n by aloe points. 

fW«ta«l tWMK Nrarv«k 



FIXTURES: January 3: Pakistan v 
Britain; India West Germany: 
January At India v Britain; Pakistan 
v West Germany; January 5: West 
vrcnnany v BritaiiK India v 

fSSEH Olympics main objective 

Irtfc mlhci him Da. T-. Un.*,.i . 

By Joyce Whitehead 

** * special meeting of playetv, 
umpires and officials in Liverpool 
after, foe women’s territorial cham- 
ptOMnp. general agreement was 
reached in foe principle of 
participaiins fa foe Olympic 

.TJ** position was accepted with 
the full realization that foe ambition 
to play in foe Olympic Games 
mf ? nt a protonged period of 
trarain^ and tbe almost total 
abstention from domestic compe- 
tition. The plans of England. 
Scotland and Wales, severally. 

^yofahavc to rive way to ihe needs 
or foe Great Bn tain squad. 

The- condition of having to play 

— — w no™ ut u J tuaf 

rai top class matches on artifciai 
turf was also accepted ax foe 

Liverpool meeting. The one excep- 
tion wffl be foe Wembley match 
winch stands on its own as an 
annual spectacle 
Matches at foe Liverpool tourna- 
raeni were rtayed oft both grass as 
arafioal tarf but foe later 
n^hes were switdted to foe 
artificial turf pitch at foe Prescott . 
Leisure Centm. 


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By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

“Where will it all TOd?" was given certain undertakings And no cricket board could stop 
cricketers were asking' them- from Graham Gooch. There is them without infringing, quite ! 
ff 1 *** ■ night after the kiwwn also to be some oppo- possibily; the law as it relates to ; 
EnjIandB tour to Bangladesh sition to the.iour m Trinidad. If restraint of trade. j 

had been cancelled following a the wont comes' to the worst , The president of Zimbabwe ! 
statement from the Bangladeshi England’s A team may also find said not long ago “Cricket? It ! 
Government that Bill: A they, themsdveswith nowhere to go. civilises people and creates a! 

Barnett, Mariyn . Moxon i "hope not, -for; it has all -the. good gentleman. I want every- j 
and _ Christopher Smith would makings of a wonderful tour in one to play cricket in Zim- 
be detained at Dhaka Airport- the West Indies. • ’babwe. 1 want ours to be a: 

unless they signed a declaration - • W anyone should be gloating nation of geaodemen." Crick- 1 
to say that they deplored- this morning it must be, and eters make good ambassadors 
apartheid and would neither: how.awfula paradox, the South too, if they are allowed to, and 
play nor coach in South Africa. African Government If the between them all there exists a : 
again until the system was cricket world were to Tie split great and unshakeable under- 
dismantled. This they weronoof into two halves, divided down a standing. As Raman Subba 1 
encouraged to do. fine of colour, England would Row, chairman of the TCCB,. 

The Test and County Cricket bo left only with Australia and said, yesterday was “a sad day 
Board might have been inclined New Zealand to play. The for cricket”. His board have ; 
in the past to urge the four temptation for more and more ~ brought matters to a head and ; 
players to accede, and have plyer players to go and coach in sooner or later that had to 
done with it. But as they have South Africa would be great happen', 
shown with the. Zimbabwean - ' ' ' — a 

Tour to W Indies 

Bangladesh, they are now taking . . 

a stronger line, seeing that L • • J ^ 

^ms^S’sss-. not m jeopardy 

have always, anyway, encour- ■ ' _ ' • 

aged first-class cricketers to play 'By Kicnaro street on 

and coach in South Africa Steve Camacho, the West both the En gland senior and B 

311UWU WIUI U1E. CimiHOWEUl - • . . y — a 

Tour to W Indies 

Bangladesh, they are now taking . . 

a stronger line, seeing that L • • J ^ 

^ms^S’sss-. nor m jeoparay 

have always, anyway, encour- ■ ' _ ' • 

aged first-class cricketers to play By Kichard street on 

and coach in South Africa Steve Camacho, the West both the En gland senior and B 
during the English' winter, so Indies Cricket Board of Control fea mg were properly chosen in 
long as they did not go there as secretary, told The Times from keeping with the generally- 
aieam. Kingston, Jamaica last night accepted principles the 

l ime and again, too, the that he did not expect me Gleneagles Agreement which is j 
international Cricket Confer- Ba ng lad eshi Government’s attt- the guiding light in these 
cnee have agreed, and Bang] a- tnde towards the B team’s visit matters, 
desh and Zimbabwe are both have any effect on the senior «\y e jq indies have 

members of it, that on no. England .tour to the Caribbean, very earefo] to adhere to 

account shall there be political “We tore spent a tong time |hese priilC jples to ensure j 
interference by one country in paving -the -way lor EngfcuuU «w snv tMTlK ™ entertain 

account shall there be political 

interference by one country in . _ . 

the selection of another’s team. . tour with the various heads of ^ We have got 

It would be a pity if these two E deared ^ 

countries were now to be .. OifljbaMi government t other 

expelled from the Conference. **52® £ 

for cricketers in the ordinary gSumS« iESen^ have SS* SSfSS ££ of ™ 
way are powerless to influence the ****** whe ? ™ 8 . g ort . of new 

their governments, but there cricket f H£? tI0a *"*F bot HEP"** 

must be a chance that they will ^ence is prorid^, I see 

be. Certainly if Zimtobwe neW P roblems t0 no reason to fear that the 

or “We in West Indies have 
been very careful to adhere to 
“ e these . principles and to ensure j 
that any teams we en tertain ! 

be. Certainly if Zimbabwe K ™ T * a f on ® ““ ™ 

decide next week not to lakethe • ^A^ked if he would be caning a' En 8^ tOMrlriUbeaffected • 
England team on the ICCs 5 ^ 0*1 mM .rinp 0 f die West Mr Shut said that one 
terms it will set back by some boardto discuss the anfortmmte result of Bangla 

way their aspirations to become ntattenaain, Mr Camacho said: I>esh's action was that it revived 
a Test-playing country. “Certainly not; it is not the controversy in people’s 

a Test-playing country. ' 

Bat what next? How win 

jsessary**.- ■ ■ ■ minds and coupled with the j 

Pteter Short, President of the amtinnmg viotence ^Sonth 

yesterday's setback affect Eng- P«er Short, President of the ™ ; 

land’s forthcoming lour of West Barbados Cricket Association, 

Indies? It would probably need Mid one of the island’s represen- 
only one Caribbean govern- tadves on the board, said in 

ment, as a gesture of “soli- Bridgetown that he agreed with 1 hut 1 

darity” towards Bangladesh to Mr Camacho timt England’s 

issue a similar stipulation for tear did not seem to be SSS' 

that visit, too, to be cancelled. threatened. “One is bound to be 
Last summer the tour was concerned at Bangla Desh 

Australia put to swift Hughes and 
sword of Srikkanth "J 

Svdnev (/Uendesl — . Sunil .onto his stumps. With the Anstra- LUlllilldllU 

Sydney (Agencies) - . Sunil 
Gavaskar and Kmhnamachari 
Srikkanth scored hundreds to lake 
India to a formidable 334 for one on 
the opening day of the third and 
final Test here yesterday. 

The two ba t s m e n , helped early on 
by sloppy Australian fielding, batted 
brilliantly but the manna- of then- 
innings was in marked contrast. 
Gavaskar was at his meticulous' 
best, re achin g his 32nd Test century 
in 284 minutes off 238 balls and 
going on to 132 not out by the dose. 
Srikkanth. meanwhile, batted with 
coustomary dan to record his first 
hundred in his 14-Test career in 152 
minutes off 97 baOs. 

The day was dominated by 
Srikkanlh's display. His 1 16 lasted 
117 balls and included one sax and 
19 fours. He totally monopolized a 
[91-run firsx-wickct partnership 
with Gavaskar and at one stage 
moved from 26 to 77 in 47 minutes 
while Gavaskar remai ned on 27. 

Handicapped by a painful bruise 
10 his left foot, Srikkanth batted 
with a runner for most of his 190 
min ales at the crease. Bui the 
succession of boundaries . that 
Hashed from his bat ensured that his 
runner, Sivaramakrishnan, bad little 
to do. 

Id one memorable over, Srikr- 
kamh hit a six and four fours off 
Bob Holland, whose leg-spin won 
the Test against West Indies on this 
ground last year. Srikkanth then 
took 14 runs off the next over, from 
Bruce Reid. 

It was Reid who subsequently 
took the only wicket to fill during 
the day, Srikkanth pulling a ball 

.onto his stumps. With the Austra- 
lians visibly wilting, Amamath and 
Gavaskar then flourished, sharing 
'an unbroken' stand of . 143. 
Amamath. was 72 not out at stomps. 

•• .Australia missed -four chances: 
Srikkanth was . dropped by Ritchie 
when two, Gavaskar by Reid when 
two and by Marsh when 27, and 
Atoamath by Border when 45. In 
'the only controversial incident of 
-the day, the Australians appealed 
strongly . but u n successfully for a., 
catch behind when Amarnath was . 
21 and the bastman became - 
involved in a -sharp exchange of 
words with Allan Bender, the 
Australian captain, who was fielding 
at silly point 

The first two Tests baying been 
drawn,. India, who won the toss, are 
now: strongly placed to win. a series 
in Australia ibr the. first time. India 
replaced Binny noth Chemn Shanna 
and the Australians dropped 
Hookes, their vice-captain, and 
McDermott and brought in Ritchie 
and Holland. 

INDIA: First Innings 

SM Gavaskar not out — 132 

KSrfckantftbRaU — - 118 

M a Amamath net o ut, . 72 

. Baras (l3l.^4, [t-b 81 -— 14 

. TotaHI wMJ- ^ 334 

. D B Vangsarior, M Artaruddn. R J Bhastri 
"Kapil Dev, IS U H Nnotnl, L 
SWaramkriaiman. Chelan Shanna and. N S 


BOWUNG (O 6 atafc 'GBwt 12-0-57-0: RaU 
19-5-66-1; BrtdK. 18-8-53-0 HoJtenC 
"15-8-80-0: UamwnM 21-2-04-0; Waugh 
6-0-32-0. . 

AUSTRALIA: G R Man^. 0 C Boon, ‘A R 
Banter. G M Rftctda, G R J Mauhrnn, S R 
WuQh. fW B Phffipa. R J Bright. B A Raid. D R 

Moderate is favourite 
for Yorkshire chair 

Tony Cawdry, the Hahfix district - 
member of the Yorkshire County 
Cricket Club general committee, 
emerged yesterday as a potential 
candidate for the chairmanship. Reg 
Kirk, of Hull, resigned the position 
on New Year’s eve. 

Mr Cawdry. who joined - the' 
committee in 1975 and is due to 
seek re-election in 1988, said that he 
was not lobbying for the job, but 
would let his name go forwmd if 
members felt that it would be in the 
interests of the county. 

“I do not think the new chairman, 
should come from either of the 
extreme wings of the committee,” 
he said. “I am a'mnhile-of-the-road - 
person and believe that someone 

with such credentials is needed if 
Yorkshire are to improve both tijpir 
image and thear playing record.” 

■ Mr Cawdry. a 54-year-old 
insurance company executive based 
at Peterborough, is on the disciplin- 
ary committee of the Test and. 
County Cricket Board.” 

Change for Osborne 

John Osborne, the former West 
Bromwich Albion goalkeeper, is to 
join Worcestershire CCC as their 
new commerical manager. Osborne, 
aged 45, succeeds David ExalL 
Another former Albion godOmeper. 
Jimmy. Cumbes, holds a simi lar 
position with. Warwickshire. 


Japanese killed in 
French event 

Site. France (AFP) - Yasuo 
Kaneko. a Japanese restaurantrur. 
who was taking part in the-PariB- 
Dakar road rally on his motorcycle, 
was killed near this southern port 
early yesterday after what official s 
said was a head-on collision. . 

Mr Kaneko, riding a. Honda-500 
in the Japanese team ACP, died of 
his injuries on arrival in hospital. 
He was on his second Paris-Dakar 
rally. Remy Desprez, the driver of a 
French Peugeot 205 not in the rally, 
is being held by French police. He 
was said to have denied a collision 
with Mr Kaneko.. 

The results* of a blood test on Mr 
Desprez, who was travelling with a 
friend and two children aged six and 

11 . were not expected to be known 

According to the police, Mr 
Kaifeleo was in collision with a 
Peugeot 205, which may have been 
on the wrong side of the road; on a 
bend at Balaruc-les-Bams some five 
kilometres * from. Site. 

The 22-day rally, which win end 
on the Atlantic beach in the 
Sengalesc capital in West Africa on 
. January 22, had started earlier on 
Wednesday from Versailles. . ■ 

.Nearly 500 competitors in all ; 
embarked yesterday morning for the 
short Mediterranean sea crossing to • 
.Algiers, before beginning. . their 
hazardous- 'journey 'across the 
.Sahara. • ***• 

Ball-watching: Soldner, of Marathon Oil, and Sun air Ostende’s De Keere (foreground) 
prepare to do battle for a rebound (Photograph: Chris Cole). 

Kingston almost come unstuck 

From Ivo Tennant 

A century partnership between 
Kim Hughes and John Dyson 
steered the Australians away from 
difficulty at Newlands yesterday. 
South Africa, whose lower order 
earlier batted with spirit, had 
removed ShippenJ and Haysraan 

- Hughes fell in the final over of the 
day, bowled by Kirsten, an 
occasional spinner. With two days 
to go, the Australians, who need 281 
to avoid following on, are not out of 
the woods. Even so, it would seem 
four days is not enough for a result 
in a match between two good sides 
on a good pitch. The final match of 
the series*- in Johan esburg, will be 
over five days. 

South Amcahad progressed from 
293 for five overnight to 430 chiefly 
as a result of judicuous hitting by 
the three quick bowlers, )e Roux, 
Jefferies and. Page. Strangely, 
Hughes declined to* use Hogan, who 
had extracted some mm on the first 

South Africa have no pace bowler 
of the quality of Peter Pollock or 
van der Bijl, and le Roux looks to 
have lost a yard of pace. Yet ■ 
Jefferies, with his whippy action, : 
proved too good for ShippenJ and 
HaysmaiL, neither of whom has woo 
a Test Cap. 

li was good to see Hughes batting 
confidently again. Occasionally he 
reeled off exuberant strokes. 


S JCoc* M>-wB McQ»dy~— 91 

HR FottaoYicftani oTOxon b Rakamaiin id 

F N Wra&Ht b Hackamann 72 

R Q Politic b Hogg 79 

"CEBRfceoHayamanb McCurdy 21 

K A McKanti* hb-w b Hogg 20 

AJKoute oRbonb RacMmarai 0 

QStoRawcDmnbUoCmiy— — — 45 

1 R V JarmbM otiynn bMcCudjr 9 

ST JofteriH 0 HugSm b RschonwR 22 

HA Page not out— 33 

ExtfntbS,H>8.»4>7) 20 

Total -wwASO 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37, 2-168, 3-204. 
4-287, 5-287. B-308, 7-352. 8-387, 9-384, 

BOWUNG: Hogg 29^-85-£ Raticmnn 37 Jt- 
3-1 18-4; McCuray 30-1-1334; Hogan 30441- 


GSftippiitib Jettariw- 17 

J Dwon not out — 57 

Al D Haysman b Jaflarti 4 

,*K J Hugitas b Mraan S3 

RM Hogg not out - 0 

Basall-ft l.n-0 31 ..... 4 

Total [3 vitas) 135 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25, 2-30. 3-136. 
BOWUNG: jtD d Oft M ROUX 10-1-334. 
Jeneriaa 134474: Page 114-284; Kourie 10- 
3-2B4t Rica 4444; Wratan 2-1-1-1. q n 
YdOAM D Tmtor.tSJ Rhcoa TG Hogan, RJ 
McCurdy ata C G RBdwnrn tt bOL 


Featherweight clash 

Zimbabwe, will now take place on 
March 1. The Commonwealth tide 
has been vacant since being 
relinquished by Azumeii Nelson, of 
Glrana, now the World Boxing 
Council featherweight champion. 

Seeking Sacco 

Rome (Af) Rodolfo Sa b batin i , 
the Itatitut matchmaker who is 
organizing the World Boxing 
Association (WBA) Hght-weher- 
weigbt championship bout between 
Ubaldo Nestor S«xo, of Anrentina 
and the Italian challenger, Patrrao 
Oliva, stdd the world' champion trill 
be stripped of his title ifhe does not 
defend by March 15. 

The next time Team Polycell 
Kingston need a new sponsor, they 
should find a razor blade company. 
The team which specializes in dote 
shaves were at it again at Crystal 
Palace - yesterday when they made 
hard work of qualfying for the semi- 
finals of the world Invitation Club 
championships against Irish op- 
ponents who had experienced a 
humiliating 66-point defeat against 
Montelibano, from Sao Paulo, the 
night before. 

Kingston eventually scrambled 
through 97-91 but not before Team 
Harp Cork had threa t e ne d to 
provide the biggest upset of this or 
any other tournament. 

Cork, who were playing in the 
event for the first time, ted 28-15 
after eight minutes with Kingston 
struggling to find thdr usual 
rhythm- “Mas- be we caught 
Kingston a little cold, as they 
probably thought we would be easy 

By Nicholas Harling 

after what the Brazilians did to us”, 
Liam O'Connell, the Cork coach, 

It was not until Kingston came 
out for the second half still trailing 
53-52 that the league champions 
started to put their game together, 
well as Cork's two Americans, 
Broxton and Stephens, disputed the 
rebounds with Clark and Davis, and 
the dual national, Tiant, matched 
Bantrager at guard. 

Tram revealed afterwards that 
Cork's transformation was due to 
the embarrassment felt by his 
compatriots at their previous 
surrender. “The defeat against 
Montdibano was the most humili- 
ating experience of my career”, he 
said. “The Irish players are just not 
used to this level of competition or 
playing against people they only 
normally sec on television. Us 
Americans felt they went into a state 
of shock after playing the Brazilians. 


We told them this time that if they 
just stayed with us, we would give 
Kingston a game.” 

Davis, for one. bore painful 
testimony to Cork's resurgence. He 
was off for eight minutes of the 
second hal£ having treatment to his 
left eye which had come into 
collision with Braxton's elbow. He 
returned to sink the first of four 
successive baskets that finally ended 
Kingston's anxiety, taking them into 
today's second semi-final against 
Marathon Oil Chicago. 

GROW B: Poiyotf Kingston 97 (Bontngar 30. 
M Ctata 23. Davto IBfc H«p Cork 91 [Braxton 
30. Trv« 2S, Sttphvw 18). Ktogvon quaHy tar 

GROUP C: Marathon CM (Chicago) lOSJCOters 
25. Spraww IB. vdomr 17V SunVr Osiends 
95 (Rotas 38, NUa 22, Browno 14). Marathon 
Oil qusOty tar sontf-finaia. 

Monday's late results: 

GROUP C: SunBir Ostende 118 (Ratoa 24. 
Hautatat 2Bk Crystal Pataca 103 (Jaminas 35, 
Seaman 32. Jarmemich 18). 

Robbins adopts a cautious approach 

Graham Robbins, one of Eng- 
land’s new caps to play Wales at 
Twickenham on January 18, has 
pulled out of Coventry's home game 
against Neath on Saturday and will 
not play again before his inter- 
national debuL 

“I feel it would be foolish to play 
against a top Welsh team just a 
fortnight before lacing Wales,” said 
the 29-year old No 8, who answers 
criticism to his fineoui play by 
saying: “I take ray share of the ball 
at the back of the line and will 
destroy anything the opposition get. 
But in foci, I can offer England quite 
a few o ptio ns." 

ATHLETICS: Richard Partridge 
the English cross countiy inter- 

national who was d i squalified after 
winning the Surrey tide 12 months 
ago. Boewafter die championship 
again on Saturday. He was ruled out 
as he failed to meet a residential 

SWIMMING: Three national age 
group champions are included in a 
six-strong English Esso youth squad 
for the international championships 
of Geneva from Jan 24-26. They are 
Steve Dronsfield (Salford Triples), 
Michael Nolan (Ashton Central) 
and Tim Evans (Kelly College). 

• Scottish Esso youth team to 
compete in the carnival meeting in 
Viarrggio. Italy from January 24-26 
includes three who took pan in the 
carnival meeting last yean John 



SCOTTISH CUBS: Herion 10. Hawick 11: Ayr 
7, KBmvnock 10; Haddingttn 8, Muuanrogh 
a Hows of Rto 11. Perthuhro 0; Stttoo 
County 2a KWcatay IS: Preston Lodge 54, 
north Bwvrfck a 




UNITED STATES: National Association JNRAV 
PMacMptita 76era 121, Portend Trail tears 
1 19 (overture}. 

second rennet China 87, Malaysia 58; 
PMHprtnes 76. South Korea 72. Consolation 
round: Japan 70, Yhatand 62; Horn Kong 99. 
Pakistan 83: India 113, Indonesia 81; Jordan 
93. Singitoora 58. - 



NORTH AMERICA: National League (NHLt 
Washington Capitals 3, New York Rangers 0; 
Toronto Maple Leals A Montreal CanacSera 2: 
Chicago Stack Hawks 7. Pttstargh Penguins 

Canada 6, Finland 5; USSR 4, Czechoslovakia 
3: USA A Weal Germany 1; Sweden 7, 
Switzerland 1. 

P W D L F A Pts 







West Germany 

0 50 12 10 
0 34 10 10 
2 28 17 6 

2 15 18 8 

3 23 17 4 

3 19 22 4 

5 9 42 0 

S 8 48 0 



COLOGNE: Six-day race: Fun day leaders: 1. 
D Ctarts and T Doyw (Ausr/e0) 171 points; 2. R 
and S Hermann (LiechtBnstainJ 162: 3. S 
Tourne and E de WDde (Bel) 92. 


TOUR MATCHES: (Hobart) Combined 

Australian UnMndHa 188-1 deep Robertson 
109 not out) and 1004. Oxford and Cambridge 
Uraverelttas 1854 dec (G J Toagood 52, J 
Beksr 5-31). Match abandon*} rem. (AdetasJa} 
St Patar-e AtiaUde 170; Ftisted 172-5 (Q 
Maran 62). Febtsd won by 5 wickets. 

Wednesday's late resnlts 

□OLA LEAGUE Cfcetmham v Klddenn i nw. 

Seutto Fettrwm v Metropolitan Ponce, 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Wortcsop 3, flelnabo- 

sSUTHERN LEASE: Premier dvtakn 

■* Dudley v Witney, p ostpo ned. . 

^Pna Premier d«W« Ariesey v Baidcek. 
MUM- pnyip qnfri 

England begin tour 
with date in Cairo 

Bobby Robson, the team manager, 
put the finishing touches to 
England's World Cop preparations. 
The programme begins with a 
friendly' against Egypt In Cairo on 
January 29, the day Robson had 
originally arranged to play 

England will now play Israel in 
February, the Soviet Union on 
March 26 and Scotland at Wembley 
in April before flying to Colorado 
Springs on May 6. The match 
l against the Soviets will be at Tbilisi, 
Starting at 4pm British time. 

The higb-aititndc training will be 
interrupted by a game against the 
Mexican first division side Guadala- 
jara in Los Angeles on May 16. 

Robson will later take Us squad 
north to Vancouver to face Canada, 
on May 24. “We will then fly 
straight to our World Cup base in 
Monterrey and retrain there until 
oar first match”, the FA secretary, 
Ted Crofaer, said. 

Croker said special arrangements 
would be made for any squad 
members playing in the FA Cup 
fi nal. “They will travel to Colorado 
after May 10 and fill not be n$ed 
against Guadalajara", he added. 

The international march in Egypt 
was hastily arranged when the 
Yugoslavs withdrew because they do 
not have a manager. 

Croker explained: “It's a good 
fixture for us. We are in the same 
World Cup group as Morocco and 
this gives us a chance 10 meet North 
African opposition for the first 

Morocco beat Egypt 24) on 
aggregate in the African qualifying 

But Robson could be without 
several top players in Cairo because 
of FA Cup replay's or rearranged 
league games. 

Croker added: “We are very 
pleased to get things sorted out. 
Let's hope we have a congestion-free 

FA remove West Ham 
one worry absolved 

one worry 
for Palace 

The Football Association today 
eased Crystal Palace's fears lhai 
their cup tie with Luton Town will 
be sacrificed to allow Sunday's 
return of live televised footbalL The 
grouud-shar agreement between 
Palace and Charlton Athletic has 
taken its toll on the Selhurst Park 
surface and the last two fixtures 
there have been postponed. 

Now. with Charlton entertaining 
West Ham 24 hours after the Palace 
tie in the firsrlive game under the 
new deal, the FA has a problem - 
particularly as more rain is forecast. 

Palace's assistant manager. Ian 
Evans, said: “Our tic must be 
doubtful. There is also worry that 
we could be affected by the politic? 
or the situation and be asked to put 
off our game to save Chariton's. We 
would not want television dictating 
to us that way. 

“Having had our league fixture 
with Norwich postponed last 
Saturday, we don't wanL another 
idle day." The FA. however, denied 
that the televised match would be 
allowed to rule. Their competitions 
secretary. Steve Clark, said: “Each 
game is judged separately and the 
first match will go on first-" 

Palace remain dissatisfied after 
an unhappy holiday period which 
saw them lose both their games and 
£45.000. That is the price their 
chairman Ron N cades, claims 
Palace must pay following the 
derision of the referee, Mike James, 
to go ahead with the Boxing Day 
clash against Wimbledon. 

Noades said: “The Wimbledon 
game was played in a monsoon so 
spectators stayed away and ft ruined 
the pitch, forcing os 10 postpone the 
match with Norwich. 

“I don't believe referees have got 
enough experience to deal with the 
situation. There is so much more 
involved than just whether 3 game 
can go on over 90 minutes. They 
should look at the pilch in terms of 
the whole season.” 

• Ron Green, the Bristol Rovers 
goalkeeper, met the former Arsenal 
player. Bob Wilson, yesterday and 

told him to forget about a comeback 
in Saturday's FA Cup third round at 
home to Leicester. Green said: "I'm 

fit and looking forward to the 

by League 

The Football League will not take 
any action against West Ham 
Llnitcd over their late postpone- 
ment of the New Year's Day home 
game with Chelsea. The match was 
called off because of a frozen pitch 
but the news emerged Ins than an 
hour before the scheduled 1 1.30am 
start, leading to widespread criti- 

A League spokesman said 
>cstcrda>~ “The referee did every- 
thing in accordance with the 
instructions given to him for 
making derisions of that kind. He 
took a long lime but evcniually 
decidcd that the game could not be 
played. There will not be an inquiry' 
into what happened.” 

It was the second match at Upton 
Park to be postponed in five days. 
Eddie Chapman, the West Ham 
chief executive, declared: “The 
financial loss to us from the two 
games will be something like 
£33.000. paid out in expenses for 
matches which did not take place, so 
there is no way we wanted either 
called off. 

"We also do not like morning 
kick-offs in principle but agreed to 
this one at the request of the police, 
who wanted it to minimize possible 
crowd trouble.” 

Chapman added: “We obviously 
took every precaution about the 
Chelsea game. We contacted the 
referee, Martin Bodenham, as early 
as Monday. 

"The unexpected overnight frost, 
which had not been included in any 
of the forecasts we had obtained, 
had left areas of the pitch frozen and 
both ourselves and the police asked 
for an early decision. Reports that 
the police pul pressure on the 
referee are totally incorrect. He took 
a long while making his decision 
and at no time did the police make 
any demands on him. 

“It was about 10.10 when Mr 
Bodenham told us he considered the 
pitch dangerous, that it would not 
improve and therefore the match 
was off. “We immediately Informed 
radio and TV but it may have been 
some minutes later before it was 
broadcast We also phoned the 
League but our calls went unans- 
wered for some lime, before wr 
eventually got through." 

Nicholl is cleared 


Thomson (Paisley), Mathew Smith 
(Milngavie and Bearsden) and 
Shona Smart (City of Chester), who 
won a gold medal in the 100m 

TEAK Boys: Q Low (AtamUtan). J Thomson 
(Pstatay). J Karr (Wtorandan, G McFwians 
(Paisley). E Stowart (City Of Dundee). S MDna 
(Peterhead), M Smm (Mlngavta and 
BMrsdan). S Ferguson (PatatayL Glfta: A-M 
Griffon (Stockport Metro). C Donaldson (City of 
Dundee). K Alexander (Cumberiand), S Smart 
{City of Chester). L Kfrk (Ctanbnrtand). 

ICE HOCKEY: Canada, the 

defending champions, and the 
Soviet Union, who have both won 
all five of their matches in the world 
junior championships in Toronto, 
were meeting last night to decide 
who would lake the gold medaL 


Spalding improves 

By Zoe Tram per 

Bob Spalding, the world formula 
one champion, is in hospital 
recovering from an operation on a 
blood vessel in his brain. A 
spokesman at the National Hospital 
for Nervous Disorders in London 
said that he was making satisfactory 

Spalding, aged 44. had a serious 
accident in the final race of the 
world series on November 16 in 
Spain, and received head injuries, 
but his doctors say that the Ipswich 
driver almost certainly had the 
blood vessel problem befor that. He 
is likely to be in hospital for at least 
two months. 

Captain Kilcline 

Coventry have appointed Brian 
Kilcline as captain in place of 
Wayne Turner. The club's manager, 
Don Mackay said the change was 
reached by mutual agreement with 
the two players. Coventry have also 
appointed a new director, the 
former speedway rider, Johnny 

New date ■ 

Brentford’s home third division ! 
game against Notts Country, which, 
was postponed on Wednesday, will 
now be played on Wednesday, 
January 8 (kick off 7.45 p.m.), 
provided County are not engaged in 
an FA cup replay with Stoke City. 
•The Northampton Town midfield 
plavcr Adrain Mann, aged 18. who 
made his debut for the fourth 
division side when he was 16. has 
been given a new two-year contract. 

The Southampton manager. 
Chris Nicfaoll. has escaped censure 
from the Football Association after 
allegedly saying that a referee should 
have been taking part in a circus act. 

Nicholl was alleged to have made 
the remarks about Camberley 
official Malcolm Cotton who 
referred Southampton’s match 
against Everlon on November 30, 
which Evcnon won 3-2. 

During it Cotton booked six 
players, including five in the first 35 
minutes, and twice stopped play to 
tie up his boot-laces. 

Yesterday an FA spokesman said: 
“We wrote to Chris Nicholl to ask 
him his observations. He told us 
that he had been misquoted, and we 
have decided to accept his 
explanation. We have advised him 
10 be careful when speaking to the 
media in future.” 

0 Jerry Murphy, the Chelsea 
midfield player, has been suspended 
for two matches after being sent off 
against Birmingham City. He misses 
tomorrow's FA Cup third round 
match at Shrewsbury and the home 

league game against Luton Town 
next Saturday. 

• David Bowman, tnc covenuy 
City mid field player, will be 
suspendd for two matches beginning 
on Saturday week after his booking 
on New Year's Day against 
Nottingham Forest took him past 
21 disciplinary points. 

0 Lincoln City are to bring the 
former Grimsby Town player Kevin 
Kilmore back into English football 
following a short spell as a semi- 
professional in Belgium. 

0 Portsmouth manager. Alan Ball 
yesterday pulled out of transfer talks 
over the Fulham forward. Dean 
Coney, after admitting the deal was 
never on in the asking £300.000 for 
the England under-21 player and 
Portsmouth were not prepared to 
pay sucli a high fee. 

0 Aston Villa have appointed Ron 
Wylie, the former West Bromwich 
Albion Manager, as their youth 
team coach, he lakes oxer from 
Brian Little, who resigned on 

Ambitious scheme for 
a Barnet face-lift 

Non-League football by Paul Newman 
BameL who have begun 1986 nearly a year ago. when they were 
with 3 new manager, hope to be near ihe bottom of the Gola League, 
playing an a new surface by the start Relegation was avoided at the end 
of next season. The Goia League of last season and Barnet currently 
dub arc hoping to install an occupy a mid-tabic position. Earlier 
artificial pitch as part of a j n ihc season they had climbed as 
redex’elopment programme which high as fifth, 
also includes the building of a sports Goals have been scarce, however, 
complex at their Underhill ground. j n recent weeks and Thompson was 
Barnet expects to complete the dismissed after the 1-0 defeat at 
first and crucial stage of the home 10 Wycombe Wanderers in 
programme - the purchase of the T h e FA Trophy. Stan Flashman. 
lease of their Underhill ground from Barnet's chairman, said: “I thought 
the local council - within the next Oral Roger’s judgement had started 
fortnight. The dub already have l0 wane. He had lost the confidence 
planning permission for a gym- of the players and 1 thought his team 
n as mm, which they hope lb; sdecuon was a bit strange. w e had 
first part of a substantial indoor nol been scoring goals and yet he 
sponscentre. was picking the same three players 

Although Barnet have improved upfront.” 
the condition of their notoriously Don McAllister, the former 
muddy pilch over the last year, they Tottenham Hotspur defender, has 
see an artificial surface as a central been appointed caretaker player - 
pf, their long-term plans. The manager. McAllister, aged 32. who 
club believe that the ground could had a spell in the United States after 
be put to far greater use throughout finishing his League career with 
the year and they have already been Chari ion Aihlcticjoined Barnet Iasi 
approached about the possibility of ve ar. Under his charge Bamei have 
staging Ammcan football. Peter bc^n Wealdsione and lost to 
Hunter, the secretary of the Gola Enfield 

League, said jwterday that the M r flashman said: "Don has had 
league had told Barnet they had no experience at the highest level and 
objections in pnnciple to artificial knows a lot or people in the game. I 
pilches. haven't discussed the long-term 

Evidence of how ambitious future with him. He has a good job 
Barnet are to progress came wito tiic outside football with an insurance 
dismissal four days before Christ- firm but wc would not necessarily 
mas of Roger Thompson, the muni to appoint a full-time manager 
manager. Thompson jomed the club again." 













Upper rune a 

Depth Stela 
(cm) of Weather 
L U Plata - “C 
211 TO - 

33 a - - 

30 85 - - 

80 150 
40 70 - 

30 60 - 

30 100 - 

30 35 - - 

40 » - “ 

GO 100 - 

15 40 - 

SB 55 - - 

acoe (open weekends anM: 

m nm c emptata wtadcruK 

MBtfla runs: no rawt Low* run* mow 
cover patchy, whderust on a firm base; 
vectcal ran* 8C0fc Hfl rosta: day Mata 
roads deer. Snow towfc 2,200ft. Cekngonn: 
Runs almost complete, now snow on « llna 
buoTRUdo Run* mow cover patchy, new 
snow on a ton base; Lowar stapes noam* tor 
vary Stfla nm mow; Vertical nm* 600ft; HB 
reeds dean Meta road* dear, jjrww lew* 
2500ft. Wan***! Upper ran* Snow cover 
petdiy-naw antwc ubdta rune no report 
Lower dopes: tmitod iMWty treai new sntwc 
vertical nm* 7008; Htt rotate dew:. Mata 
road* deer. Snow tawtkl .OOOft Lecnfc Upper 
ran* runs almost complete, new snow on a 
arm base; MkkSa run* runs compMa, new 
snow, lower stops* some rare complata. new 
snow. Vertical ran* 600ft HB road* dean 
Main road* dear. Snow lent WOOft 

Enter now for the worlds biggest Squash Championship 



Details from yoir squash dub 

i fe irrterCrtv ^ l ' 



Becker’s ghosted threat 
to the gentle spirit of 
a different generation 

from his Christmas in the 
mountains to offer West Berlin- 
ers a close-up view of his 
extraordinary brand of power 
tennis in the Young Masters, 
the 21-and-underevent that has 
been moved here from its 
temporary home at Birming- 
ham's National Exhibition 

The New Year has begun as 
Becker would have wished with 
two victories in the round-robin 
format (yesterday he beat Peter 
Lundgren. one of five Swedes 
competing here. 7-5. 6-2) but 
1986 is already threatening to 
see Becker transformed from a 
teenage phenomenon to a figure 
of controversy in West German 

Remarks attributed to him in 
a ghosted article following West 
Germany's Davis Cup defeat in 
Munich, in which he was highly 
critical of his captain. Wilhelm 
Bungert, have opened up a gulf 
in generation and attitude that 
may never be successfully 

Becker was making a fairly 
obvious point - namely that his 
personal coach, Gunther Bosch, 
a Romanian who was Ger- 
many's national trainer before 
Becker took him on full-time, 
can offer him a wider range of 
advice than a man he sees only 
four times a year. 

However, the problem runs 
deeper than that. Bungert comes 
from a generation that proceeds 
even that of the former US 
Davies Cup captain, Arthur 
Ashe, whose laid-back attitude 
was as incomprehensible to 
John McEnroe as Bungert's is to 

In the heat of battle. Becker 
wants a man in his comer who 
can display the same level of 
Intensity and commitment as be 
is pouring out on court. The 
same is true, of course, for 
McEnroe and just about every 
other modem player except the 
Swedes, whose emotional out- 
put is programmed by a 

winning." Stolle told me when 
found ni 

From Richard Evans, West Berlin 

Boris Becker has descended completely different computer. 1 — 

Bungert, a man whose daring is found him hanging around the 
as upright as his character, has clubhouse looking Might! 
always tended to shy away from bemused, 
such intensity Like the true Bungert duly lost both his 
blue amateur, he seemed to feel, singles without raising a gallop 
during his playing days, that ^ - - “ * 

accepting defeat gracefully was 
almost as important as winning. 

The extent to which be 
exuded this attitude was con- 
sidered slightly shocking even 
in those far-off days of the late 
1960's. He lost to John New- 
combe in the Wimbledon final 
of 1967 without, looking 85 if he 
expected anything other than a 
quick hiding (which he got), but 
it was the attitude of the entire 
West German team in the 1971 
Davis Cup final against the 
United Slates that I remember 
most vividly. 

Fred Stolle. The Australian 
who was just starting bis 
successful career as coach, 
united for the Germans in 
Cleveland for three days before 
they eventually arrived from 
the Caribbean 48 hours before 
the tie was due to begin. 
“They've just told me not to 
worry about arranging practice 
sessions because they don't 
think they have any chance of 

and it was only in the final 
rubber, with the United Stales 
leading 4-3. that the crowd were 
offered a match. Ironically it 
established a record - since 
broken - or the longest Davis 
Cup singles in history because 
Christian Kuhnke had some 
personal score to settle with 
Ashe and refused to buckle 
under until 86 games had been 

Bungert who is a proud 
German despite everything, 
resents the fact that the greatest 
player his country has ever 
produced is coached and man- 
aged by two Romanians. Given 
his reputation and outwardly 
forbidding behaviour, it is 
inevitble that Ion Tiriac raises 
Teutonic hackles. Bungert 
neatly side stepped any criti- 
cism of his star player by 
suggesting that Becker was 
being used as a mouthpiece “by 
the people behind him". 

Results, page 19 

British girls in new event 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 
Annabel Croft. Sara Gomer and standard of tennis that 
Joanne Louis, will represent Britain 
in next week's qualifying compe- 
tition for the inaugural women's 
indoor team championship (Euro- 
pean Cup). Britain will be among 
eight nations competing at Loano. 

Italy, and eight other teams will play 
at Baden, Switzerland. Every tie will 
consist of two singles and a doubles. 

The three most successful teams 
at each location will form a first 
division, who will contest the 
trophy in November. The chief 
purpose of a qualifying event is to 
son out the competing nations in 
appropriate divisions so that, from 
1987 onwards, the competition can 
be run on a league basis, with 
promotion and relegation. 

"It is difficult to judge the 

will be 

involved in this new event.” Susan 
Mappin. the national team man- 
ager. says. “I am pleased to have 
such a young but experienced team. 
This may turn out to be a verv 
useful competition for younger 
players. It is nice to go in with such 
a strong pair as Annabel and Sara. 
Joanne is going Tor the experience.” 

• Mazda Cars have stepped in 
with a late sponsorship offer for the 
£140,000 world doubles champion- 
ship at the Albert HaH London, 
next week (Exchange Telegraph 

Mazda bas signed a contract with 
the Dallas-based world champion- 
ship tennis organization to support 
the event for one year with a long 
term option. 


Sailing close to the 
wind for victory 

From John Nicholis, Auckland 

The American entry. Atlantic 
Privateer, sailed by Peter Kuttel and 
a largely South African crew, was 
first across the finishing line at the 
end of the second leg of the 
Whitbread Round the World race at 
Auckland last night. In the closest 
finish in any of the four legs of a 
Whitbread race, she crossed the line 
Just after 2am. only seven minutes, 
20 seconds ahead of Digby Taylor's 
NZ1 Enterprise. 

This would have been a creditable 
winning margin for a short race 
round the bay. to be so dose after 
racing over 7,000 miles for nearly a 
month is extraordinary. The two 
boats were never hr apart since 
leaving Cape Town and spent the 
whole of the last day within 
shouting distance of one another. 

Both blew out their spinnakers 
yesterday in their frantic efforts to 
draw ahead, but in the end it was the 
masthead rig of Atlantic Privateer 
that seemed more effective than the 
fractional rig of Enterprise. Priva- 
teer brat the previous record for the 
leg. set by Flyer (Cornells van 
Rietschoen. Netherlands) in the last 
race in I yg 1/2, by one day, one hour 
and 23 minutes. 

Atlantic Privateer and NZI 
Enterprise are both 80-ft maxi 
vadns designed by the New 

Zealander. Bruce Fare. Only an hour 
and a half astern of Enterprise came 
the third Fair boat in the race. 
Pierre Fehlmann’s UBS Switzer- 
land. She is the race leader of 
Division A (maxis) after the first leg 
from Portsmouth to Cape Town and 
will now maintain her overall lead 
at the hallway stage of the 27,000 
mile race. 

Neither Alantic Privateer nor 
NZI Enterprise did well in the first 
leg. Privateer retired after being 
dismasted and is now racing merely 
to achieve success in the three other 
legs. Enterprise limped into Cape 
Town with a badky bent mast and 
finished fourth in her class. 

In spite of the late finish a huge 
crowd, reminiscent of an America's 
Cup race, had gathered ashore and 
afloat, hoping for a New Zealand 
victory. They were only slightly 
disappointed, for the hugely popular 
Taylor is now back in the naming 
for overall success when the race 
ends in Portsmouth in May. Other 
boats which share New Zealand's 
affection is Peter Blake’s Lion New 
Zealand, second in her class into 
Cape Town, but not doing so well 
on the leg to her home port. She will 
probably finish fifth, having lost 
time on handicap to the boats ahead 
of her. 

Boat Show diary 

Strong crew for Jade’s 
challenge off Florida 

By Adrian Morgan 

One Ton Cup winner Jade, owned 
b> Larry WoodeU, is to compete in 
the Southern Ocean Raring Confer- 
ence off Florida in early February. 
Ah bough British yachts hare 
seldom found time to compete in 
Admiral's Cup years, the scries, 
roughly equivalent U) the AdnrnaTs 
Cup. provides top level international 
sailing in non-cap years. 

Jade, campaigned so effectively 
last year by Larry and Debbie 
Woodell and timed to perfection by 
David Hewlett, oil) have the Dock us 
of its one ton cup-winning crew 
abroad, with the possible exception 
of the double Olympic gold medal 
winner, Rodney Pattfeson. He is due 
in Perth. Western Australia, for the 
12-metre world championships, 
which start on February 4. 
Patthaon's Victory "83 co-skipper 
Lawrie Smith wiU be salting the 
Australian 12-roctre Kookaburra L 
so far the only British skipper 
involved in the event. 

• Plans have been accepted to 
torn Weymouth into the sailing 
venue for the 1992 Olympics if 
Birmingham's attempt to stage the 
Games is confirmed. A feasibility 
stud) completed by the Royal 
Yachting Association just before 
Christmas, envisages plans to take 
over the nearby Pontin's holiday 
camp tor an Olympic village. 

Weymouth Bay is an ideal »enue 

for the sailing events, providing a 
good, albeit tidal, sailing area ami a 
tong-standing tradition as a host. 
John Reed, rasing manager of the 
RYA and general secretary, charac- 
terized Weymouth as the “Henley of 
sailing**- It is a remark that Cew 
sailors would argue with, providing 
facilities are unproved. 

• The Royal Ocean Racing Club 
(RORO are to change the formula 
by which race results are calculated 
in order to redress an imbalance that 
increasingly bas favoured smaller 
yachts. The changes to the TMF 
formula "31 now gbe a Sft-foottf 
about half a minute more per boor 
over a 46-footer. 

This bias towards the v™llw 
boats came in for some criticism in 
last year’s AdmiraTs Cup scries, 
where one tonnen filled most of the 
top places, despite excellent sailing 
by larger boats. The difference is 
most noticable on long offshore 
races, such as the Channel Race. It 
is less noticeable on Olympic 
caurses such as the Christchurch 
Bay race. 

• Jonnie Walker, sponsors of the 
annual Speed Sailing Week in 
Portland harbour, have confirmed 
another three years’ support for the 
event, which has been set to run 
from September 23 anti] October 2. 
Elimination trials wBi precede the 
event, which starts on September 26. 


Spotlight on 
Taylor and 
Davis again 

By Sydney Friskin 

Several leading players have 
stumbled in the early rounds of the 
Mercantile Credit Classic, the final 
stages of which begin today at the 
Spectrum Arena. Warrington. Willie 
Thom, the holder, was beaten 3-3 by- 
Tony Jones, of Chesterfield. 

Jones himself was beaten 5-3 in 
the fourth round by Bill Werbeniuk. 
the burly Canadian, who meets 
Doug Mountjoy this evening. 
Earlier in the day Neal FouJds plays 
John Campbell, the Australian. 
Both are fifth round matches to be 
played over nine frames. The 
quaner -finals win also be over nine 
frames, the semi-finals will be 
decided on the best of! 7 frames and 
the final over 23. 

Interest bas again been aroused 
by a prospective meeting between 
Dennis Taylor, the world champion 
and Steve Davis, but they are in the 
same half of the draw and can 
oppose each other only in the semi- 
finals. At their last meeting in the 
final of (he Kit Hat Break for world 
champions tournament at Notting- 
ham. Taylor beat Davis 9-5 to 
reverse the result of the Canadian 
Masters final m Toronto. 

Earlier in the season Davis had 
betean Taylor 10-9 in the Rothmans 
Grand Pnx final at Reading and 
Davis went on to pluck another of] 
the season's plums by winning the 
Coral UK title, beating Tborae 16- 
14 in a thriQig finish. The form and 
consistency of Davis stamp him as 
the most likely entrant into the final 
from tire bottom half of (he draw. 

Taylor bad a dose call is the 
fourth round against Dean Rey- 
nolds who. after being 2-4 down, 
took him to the last toll, a clearance 
break of 48 by Taylor seirhsg the 
foie of the match. Taylor's 
in the fifth round will be A!rx 
Higgins who sadly has bees 
struggling to put the fragments of his 
battered game together this season. 
Soil, one never knows wba: he wsJ 
do. Also in the bottom half is 
Jimmy White still blowing he! and 
cold but always delighting his 
audience with his superb porting. 

Cliff Tbombum. winner of the 
Goya Match room Trophy at Stoke- 
on-Trent wh-re he recoverd to bea: 
White after losing the first seven 
frames. looks the strongest chal- 
lenger in the top half for a place in 
the final. But there ha-.e been so 
many unexpected results in tills 
tournament as to make a prediction 
a hazardous business. 

FIFTH ROUND: W VtertwnuK v C UeuTOCf . \ 
Foutts vJCampMS. E » j .' c t- j ao n a 

Mas , C Thorr-Sum: S Dnr* w P Franasar. U 
Gounvau v j mmk A KnMn v H WToork * 
H<sipg V D Tartar 

Pipe dreams could 
■■ be realized by 
Corporal Ciinger 



Those people who posjft m 
dimi taring Martin Pipe as \just a 
little West Country trainer” may yet 
choke on their words whe n the 
Champion Hurdle is run in Match- 
For, after yesterday’s Food Brokers 
Fe r r cr b Rocher Hurdle at Chdten- 
bamtrtien the stubborn non-believer 
in the talents of the prolific 

WeHragwu trainer surely had to _ . ... — ^ 

acknowledge that he has a shining horse on view dnrmg the afternoon. 
- — - - — * — ^ — — - then the best finish came' in the 

. star in Corporal Ciinger- The seven- 
year-old took the hotly contested 
race -his fifth victory in five starts 
in the style of a horae who is very 
good and getting even better. 

Since Pipe explodcd on to the 
scene with a devastating- last-stride 
victory of the 66-1 outsider, Baron 
filalontey. in the 1981 Triumph 

Mark Dwyer, seen here aboard his Gold Cep winner ForgiveVForget, returns to. partner HcnfleTit has been quantity rather ^dfy entire path m theturn into 
Jimmy Fitzgerald's pair Henrys Tine Love and Kevinsfort at Haydock today, having been than quality that has characterised Grand 

sidelined since mid-December with a bruised feet - . ■ ““ ~ — -' &M - N “° n * 1 WOSDm " hm — 

Somerled to defy penalty 

Somerled, who caused acute 
embarrassment to form stu- 
dents and the official handi cap- 
per when winning at Doncaster 
Iasi month, can prove his 
record-breaking success there 
was no fluke by winning the 
Gamekcepeis Handicap Chase 
at Haydodt Park this afternoon. 

Carrying two stone more than 
his long handicap weight and 
starting at 33-1, Somerled brat a 
good field by 20 lengths and 
clipped 2 V* seconds off the 
course record in the process. 
Bob McDonald's vastly-im- 
proved seven-year-old has an 
Sib penalty but that does not 
look nearly enough to prevent 
him following up. 

Kevinsfort more than 25 
lengths back in fifth at Doncast- 
er, re-opposes on slightly worse 
terms as he bas since incurred a 
penalty for winning at Market 
Rasen on Boxing Day. He 
should confirm that form with 
Troilena, who finished third, 
but is likely to have to play 
second fiddle to the progressive 

Jenny Pitman has a promis- 
ing team of young hurdlers this 
season and her six four-day 
declarations for the Birchfield 
Novices* Hurdle included her 
receni winners, Croix De 

By Mandarin 

Guerre and Riva Rose. How- 
ever, she has chosen to rely on 
Timely Star and his seconds to 
Ten Plus at Warwick and Celtic 
Flame at Huntingdon give him 
a favourite's chance. 

Chi Mai, who looked an 
unlucky loser at the last 
Haydock meeting, is napped to 

Hereford off 

Today’s tar etfag at Hereford has 
been abandoned after an inspection 
yesterday revealed that ibe take-offs 
and at the fences were 

waterlogged. There win be an 
inspection at 4.00 pm . today to see 
whether tomorrow's meeting at 
Sedgelidd caa go ahead. 

make amends in the White 
Lodge Conditional Jockeys' 
Handicap Hurdle. The six-year- 
old was in front approaching 
the last flight when he inexpli- 
cably stumbled and parted 
company with his regular rider, 
Shamm James. No Fluke, who 
went on to finish second to 
Season's Delight in that race, 
now re-opposes Chi Mai on 
slightly worse terms. 

South-well and that form was 
franked at Wolverhampton on 
Boxing Day when. Oryx Minor 
won a competitive 17-runner 

Chi Mai seems - sure to 
encounter similar ' conditions 
underfoot today and this should 
help him to take full advantage 
of the weight be receives from 
Dover and the Ascot winner, 

Tunamarine, who has always 
looked a chaser in the making, 
got off the mark at Catterick last 
month and can follow up in the 
Island Novices* Chase. His 
trainer, Gordon Richards, 
should also take the Kincaids- 

thc steady rise of this most .liable 
and -dale man. Baron Bfakeuey 
never scaled tire peaks expected of 
him after the Triumph and although 
winning hands have steadily come 
Ids way since then. Pipe has bran 
waiting patiently for foie to deal him 
an ace from the pack. 

Now he has just that in Corporal 
dinger. Who says so? No toner 
sages than bookmakers who know a 
thing or two about winning at this 
game. Corporal- CKnger was cut 
from around 10-1 to as low as 6-1 
second favourite behind the reign- 
ing champion. See You Then, alter 
he had beaten off the strong 
finishing Gala’s Image, and See You 
Then’s stable companion. First 

Whfictirey may have cut tire odds ~ 

on Corporal Ciinger, however, it is a. . 

case of locking the stable door after - 

the horse has bolted, because not for • 

the first *im« Hpe _ himself the son nortr ** 81 Ascofs Green 

Ascot objective 


of a West Country bookmaker - and 
connections have already got the 
better of exchanges. Among several 
hefty bets yesterday Hills laid one of 
£14,00042,000 on the course. And 
as fir as the Champion Hurdle itself 

Josh Gifford’s 
pletcd a doable 
initiated by 
second division 
Novices' Hurdle. 

Chase a week today. 
— told com- 
Light in the 
the Harley 

ton Novices* Chase at Ayr with gora toe Pipe cbm have token odds 
The Langholm Dyer, whose two ® ® 33*1 for the big race m 


“They all.said it was a fluke when 
he won the Sted Trucks Buta 
Hurdle here in December -because 
the race was run at such a slow 
pace,*’ Pipe-said. “But they forgot 
that he is a stayer too and needs a 

“Sfs^the best hurdler I’ve __ 

form in this grade but I intend trained. I supposed tire Champion 3£ata%Tjj 

to take a chance with his stable Hurdle wffl have to be on his. , 
companion. Kept On Ice, who a*enda". K PC in his low key 
showed promise in good class way - 

wins over fences have both been 
gained at the Scottish trade 

_ j 

John Wilson, who 1 trains 
locally at Cree Lodge, has two 
runners- in the second division 
of the Dalrymple Novices*' 
Hurdle. Temajojo bas solid. 

Today's course 


TRMWfi MM Bnterby, 10 Mbnroftan 87 
rwrara, 219%: j Rcgwntt, t2 (ram sa 
ae%^DIWirtwn. Strom BQiiaoV 
JOCKEYS: R Eanntocr. 12 wbron tarn 45 


had beaten Oryx Minor by 10 
lenghths on heavy ground at 

in Ireland by Mick O'Toole last 

over two miles or two and a half 
miles, -toe distance of Yesterdays 


TMMEMfc G Rfchafth*, 48 wkmars fora 277 
umare. 173W W AStaptarwon, Satan I7A 
1 ftafc; J JeMeisan. 5 torn 32. ismt 
JOCKEYS: R Lamb, 32 ton tan 15B rtdM, 
jM-IHc-T Tuefc^lfl boa 107. TTM; K T taka 
5 Iran 32, lS.6%. ’ 


Going; goad to soft (heavy patches). 

12.45 BOLTON SELLING HURDLE (£915: 2ro) (16 runners) 

404000 BURGUNDY STM Mn J LaUftonl A LaWiton 5-11-10 

CROWFOOTS cobra 5-11-8 

RYE RECORD (E HoUslon) K S»oot 5-Tl-G . 

CHATTY CHEZ (BP) U KMtowanj Kmtowafl 5-11-5. 
HENRY-S TRUE LOVE (ft Goaty Ufl J Rzgwati 5-11-1 
HOOTY3MUUC(DTMfar)B McMahon Sfl-1 __ 







- A Snftigw 

_A Brown 
_M Dwyer 

2.15 ISLAND NOVICE CHASE (El ,96ft 3m) (6) - 

4 SDf-21 YUUUU WHWE (W BtaMrawn-lMortG Rfchairla 0-11-10 . 

5 004004 EVEN DEEPER jn fR Basaon) J BukM 5-11-4 

7 020/330 lOMQ JO (D«vk) Tmwiy Lid) Mri M F&TMfl 6-11-4 

9 02o-242 POra HAL {Anna £Xicb<ro of WwtnAnter)R Rands 8-11- 

11 22-Bto TUiaesS RJOHT 0 UamW B MoLeon 8-10-13 

12 0^0/0 WOLD SONG pM*Sar)>*»CClJi>t 10-1 0-13 _______ 

_N Doughty 
D Dutton 











QUEENSBUDY UZ (J B#>7; R Jatfrny 5- 
MHWNA IW StorariW Stny 4-1&-B 



2 TuUmwim. 11-4 Khg Ja 3 Poor HR, 8 Ewi DMpar. 12Hniilm H0it 18 WtoM So*). 
FOmb TUUMIARME fl M8 tatf CfcrnpCfcficwt rt 1-fl) 2St) at Csttorfck On If Nov . 
pood to son. D#c B, 9 ran^ EVEN DEEPCR fU-3) iZiiMtbof ' 


; On If Nov Ov £982. 
Ak* f11-« at Mntat 

Q Moon 4-108. 



_ * 51 3re to 0cM Roderick 

PATRALAN (Canmandw R Maddox) W Mutaon 4-10-8 Okm HwnammT 

PORTAL DANCCn (Portal DmwtopnwntLfeOF Carr 4-100 — PThontp >o o7 

TOPSOiypVArttaDIMnOa 4-10-8 A Carol 

QLOlHOn JMMna 4-102 


compMad outteg 

Doodto«n r Nw22). 


3rd of 4 to T«ri«n Tr1uoipft (11^11)^ 


IBSS APEX (R Ortfflths) F . _ 

Morgan) K Me 

KMagm 4-1M. 


non-runner 2.45 BHtCHRELD NOVICE HURDLE (£1,647: 2m) (15) 


1 HS: Motobig Btondonari - Fre«t 
ag^^l MNW to ngto kS HidMlMbra. QMmwK7Mtato.8T0|»aA 10 Hooton 


«S87. 5OT0 to ISR. D4C 18 anv CHATTY CHEZ (10-1 
W^bemEi^non (2m 71 Wi 
ijaaet .’11-0) « Hmfard 

fl*S?*cn cstai when 51 . 

Ncvlf. 14 rant OLENMORE (10-21 41 to tad to KnUifd VWr (11-fi 
eiira. sood. Dec ii. 12 rw). ni. take a mbjooy fiM) in ; 

E5 * B ' 900(1 10 ^ 0,3 ^ Br,wt - 

(10-0) at CMMrfdc (2m Nov Hdta, 
H 3rd at 4 to AatowwM (11-7) it 

Haydock selections 

By Mandarin 

12.45 Hooton Lane. 1.15 Somerled. 1.45 CHI MAI (nap). 2.15 
Jlamarine. 2.45 Timely Star. 3.15 Rugged Road. 

Michael Seely's selection: 2.45 Timely Star. 










H NWJoltaJ S Orton* 7-11-5 
FMMf R lWS-114 . 



PRECIPICE WUi-jMr» M Bo—iflalfll) A Jonas 5-11 -S . 
SPIOOT SHAFTJB Johnson OWInfla 6-1 1-5 
TMELT STAR (BScnM^MriJ Pitman 5-1 l-Sj 



T Vital 

—A Cans! 

O WWTEFHIAMjA BtataB MrsAHirigtHI-S uyfftm 

12 M RiBWfl 5-1 1-0 _ 

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2S a « Baris) dnuwita4.1048 NDoughte 

201 YBA0WBEAR 6) MB005l)id)JPlrt»i»4-1[)-T3 AStrinoor 

MU UONfMr. J iSn l CMrrXin-7 = 

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Sagacious is first at last 

Hobart, Australia (AFP) - The 
Australian yacht. Sagacious, has 
teen named “overall winner" of toe 
1935 Svdncy/Hofcan classic, despite 
statements "on Wednesday by the 
race committee that there would be 
no winner. 

The controversy look a new turn 
a! yesterday's trophy presentations 
when Sagacious was listed 35 toe 
overall race winner and Gary 
Appleby, its skipper, was presented 
with toe trophies. 

However, Gordon Marshall, race 
director of the Cruising Yacht Club 
of Australia, maintained that 
Sagacious bad been placed second 
on corrected time. When questioned 

about the listing of Sagacious as 
“overall winner" in toe official 
presentation programme. Marshall 
agreed Sagacious was winner. 

This contradicted toe previous 
da>'s statement which declared 
there was no first placed yacht on 
corrected time and therefore no 
overall wiener of the 1985 event 

The confusion came after a 
decision by an international yacht- 
ing jury to uphold a protest by 
Sagacious and to penalize Drake's 

Prayer, relegating her from first to 
73rd on cor r ect e d time for a luffing 
incident with another- yacht in 
Sydney harbour. 


Downhill racer 
comes out 
of her coma 

Innsbruck (Reuter* - Chnslmc 
Pu:z. of Austria, who tins been in a 
coma since crashing in toe slopes of 
Val D'Isere. France or! December 
12. has recovered consciousness 
doctors said yesttrdav . 

The 19-jcar-cId landed or* her 
head in the women’s 6m World 
Cup downhill race of the season. 
She woke up on Wednesday, and 
drank tea and took ter first stops 
>cstcrda> with toe help of nurses. 

He doctor said so further therapy 
would be necessary as toe =ox m 
outstanding physical shape. ' 

CHEN, West Germany - The men's 
Alpine World Cup downhill sched- 
uled here for January 10 may be 
called off because of lack of sner*. 
organizers said yesterday (Reuter 
reports). However, the super-g^ui 
slalom event on January 1 1 on toe 
same piste will take place, if 
necessary highter up the mountain. 

15 GAMEKEEPERS HANDICAP CHASE (£2,0802: 2m) (4) 

.5 ! WWERLEDfoj (F McOon^ R McOoraM 7-11-10 {8 «)Z_ C KrAra 

TO 3221W TROAENA (D) (BF) (B Fvre ff}R Fbtiar 1Q-KM1 ■!/ J>l ilMBtar 

12 440-400 ABERS040 (D) (D TTockJ) DTodd 11-1047 PScudnm 

T1-1C Scnwrtta. 2 Kwtoitori. 100-30 TMtana. tOAtMratag. 

ia 4gqf18toftnctaiiB0 Ugto(1 142 «t Itowton AtoxHon Boxfcn 
^ y**- £ S^8S° 4 Rf* CO-1W CYGNET 01-4) id 2nd la 

3.15 WARRINGTON HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.438: 2m Bt) (14) 

1 MQ83MO WRAN (P> (D AunNi Xl uu) A SCOC 7-12-0 . 

KEV3IVCRT (11-12) VJ 

S'-nem Rasen 12m Hrao CH. E2.850. ... 

tottotW wn ttai H~c«o Pi. E1JQ7. good. Dec 21.9 nnL 

Irw* JttJtoyta (108) «toi i TRO*B4ATHM2) moOmr 1« in 3rd it 
J- topvr. 0^28. 7 ran), AB0tSNa(1(M3) 24 V* gai n 

HURDLE (£1.383: 2m) (7) 

1 IMP VANTAGE (B Curtco * B V Shepherd) Mn J Ptamart 7-12-7 

2 112-301 RMOOaiC (DJ (T ChancSer) MPip« 5- 72-0(3**) 

5 UAAV (D) (n ( ) Unmj n inrhnhon P 11 10 

4 4-3130 DOVER rom (J Omrugmfl M H Eutertry MM Z 

9 14326(0 nUMUOfPa^JRtspnkl 7-10-13 — - 

11 00000-2 NO FLUKE (S) (F Yenfley) F YanSey 8-10-12 

14 130C1I CM KU (B) (D> g Norton) JHonon 8-103 

2 ° ratttSe. 7-2 Dover, 02 No FUw. 8 Pafenio. 8 liriev. 9 VeMeQe, 10 CH MaL 
KSWt: VAMTA3E (12-7) WM OR Oetonfll Master Bob (10.12) at Lenaewr Cm 4f H'cap Hdta. 
zr 42. race tc srt. Dec 16. 22 ranL RBOBOIE 110-5} beat Ftay Pmaar 9-ti v* at Am* (tai 41 
H=n rv5T«268l. goo <3. Dae 14. 28 ran), oovril n09)4>jito a> Whtar MMaura (T1-U1 to 
Zcr^XMtr t 2r H o? Htfe. £2992. goad. Ok 13. 8 rand NO WM (11-0) a 2nd to Susan'* 

Dfcry (13-3) wrth CHI MM (10-B) War at H» isst when taedns. HaydOtt (2m H"« 

3k *2. 14 ran). Eafltar CM WU (10-1) bato Orjw Minor (Yl-S> 1« at I 
Htfe. £1 1 33. nervy. Dae A 9 ran). 






Sham*i Jaiaaa.7 





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EVB1-SO-8URK (Marmora Auto Spann LM) R Francia 8-10-0 


17 ran). WHATS WKAT - _ . . 

Heap Hdai £884, tom. 

v- :; ^ , --^AyR 

Going: sc" 

CAP HURDLE (£861: 2m) (8 runners) 



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2 2f1f THE LANOHOUM OYER (CD) O Richards 7-12-2 

3 2j»-41 BUNCOMBE PRINCE (0) JMtaaon 7-1 1-10 

11 2U0 HBMraSA WjAp O Oenw SMBi 7-11^ . 
13 0000- TAMSOm 1VF1E D RtoMRacn 11M1-4 


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14 0040 

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17 tom WALDFEE C Parker 8-10-lS . 

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11-8 Cr-rar-on. 3 aj irar awai House. 4 Lada Lockat 7 SoecW 

Ayr selections 

By Mandarin 

:L4S Cssxsm. 1-15 Gone With The Vet 1.45 Run V 
2.15 The Laaghobn Dyer. 2.45 Kept On Ice. 3.15 

Flying Cats, 

_ By Michad Seely 

2.15 . nc Langholm D>cr. 3.13 FLYING OATS ( nap V 

2m) (17) 

8102 TEHAMA) (D)(BF1 J 9 Wlaon 7-1T-12 

0/H-2 OQ3AN PUontMl 8-11-8 


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4001 aUNtt m JHmon 0-H-I2. 

R Atou 8-11-8. 

„C Grant 


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CC3HAN3ER ROBERT (D)(BF) JHtaran 4-11-0 

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AinOa Dot (Q Mwratoi, 33-1L 3, ROKatoria (J 
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I8rre NftjoOWtaaL 15), 6L a 110. A Moors 
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«a Hat r.«* ■> 



Peter Niven, the sea«w?8teafiog 
tUDAtoir wfth 12 winners, ' has 
turned professional Niven, a&d 21. 
yw Pomes from Carnoustie, 
Penh, ws been «ttad»d to 
Kcvneys stable sLoce the hfrini rm 5‘ 
of the season. He ha* Jus first jades 
as x professorial at Ayr todla?. 

' ) 

By John Karter 

nra He then revealed yet i 

sort ot attention to * “ 

made his success -story 

when he said that he had w. -tMC 

course before raring and discussed 
at length with Paul Leach, toe 
jockey, the best route to take in the 
desperately heavy ground. 

If Corporal C iinger was.lhe best 

longest race, the four-mile w 
Brokers Happy New Year Chase. At 
the second Isst fence Kangri. 
Northern Bay and Knock ffiEtS 
looked posable winners. 

Korobi, in feet, may have already 
lost his chance wheat he stumbled 

under top weight It was another 
National prospect. Knock Wffl _ 
now quoted at 33-1 for Ain tree - 
who found theneceasary reserves of 
stamina up tho final n fll, hut <dd 
Gortriere. running his best rsce for 
some time in fourth place, served 
notice that a second National 
victory is not out of the question for 
Jenny Pitman. 

• Hwyel Davies-put his back out 
after pulling up Arctic Beau in the 
Food Broker Happy New Year 
Handicap Chase and had to give up 

rides in the two subsequent zraes. 

if' .. 

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Motormg by Clifford Webb 


-837 2916 Private 01-857 5333 or 3511 


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A Bewcomer'to Britain’s roads m. 
1986 is the Spanish- Seat It is not 
the fast --Sjanish^made car- lQ he 
sold here in numbers. The Ford 
Fiesta has that distinction followed 
a few years later by General 
Motore’s Nova. If is, however, the 
first from a Spanish-owned, com- 
pany; although 1 a takeover by 
Volkswagen has been on the cards 
for the best pan of a year and 
cannot long be delayed. 

Until recently most people 
thought of Seat as the Spanish arm, 
of the Italian giant Fiat. With minor 
design changes its cars were copies 
of Fiat’s models! 

'Then, five years ago, the 
partnership broke-up -with bitter 
recriminations on both sides. Fiat 
said it would no longer, carry die 
mounting losses of the previous IQ. 
years. The- Spanish- Government 
accused Fiat of backing out of a 
deal for new financing which had 
reached - the .final stages after two 
years of hard bargaining. 

While a frantic search went on 
for a new partner Seat Had to find 
new models to replace the a gwnj? 
Fiat designs. Because of. their long 
dependence oh massive research 
and development facilities at Turin : 
the Spaniards had neither. the- in- , 
house staff nor expertise, to produce 
competitive new models. 

Instead, they sought the help of. 
some of the best outside consult- ■ 
ants, Guigiaro’s Ital Design for 
' body shapes and Kanhann -and 
Porsche in . West Germany - for 
structure and engine development. 

The result is the Seat Ibiza 
supermini which went on sale here 
in-November but- win not reach our 
roads in . numbers -until next 
summer. Seat -Concessionaires 
(UK), the Lonrho subsidiary- 
handling safes, expects to sell 9,000 
in ' the first year. About 81 dealers 
have been appointed, with more on- 
the way. 

The Ibiza is a- three-door 
hatchback of almost identical 
outride dimensions to “Ford’s . 
Fiesta! However, because of its 
exceptionally well packaged interior 
- Seat claims it. has more interior 
space than any car in its class - it is 
being marketed as a “bridge" 
between the supermini and small 
medium sectors. 

Styling follows typical Guigiaro 
lines in that it manages to look well 
balanced, . attractive and -slightly - 
aggressive without being flashy. It 
will stand comparison with most of*, 

But the big-relling attraction and 
‘ the one Seat makes great play of in 
its promotion is the Porsche-de- 
signed engine and .five-speed, 
gearbox. Two sizes are available,. 
1.2 ana 1 .5 litres, but there is little 
doubt that the “family” will be 
extended. . 

, I drove the 1.2 GL recently and! ' 
was disappointed by the moderate , 
performance - and the way" the. 
engine became thrashy arid noisy 
when pushed hard. There wasalsoa 
problem with the automatic choke. : 
Cold starting was fine but very soon, 
after moving off the choke disen- 

• - Seat’s new Ibiza (top) and the lsnzu Piazza Turbo 

gaged and the spluttering engine 
had to - be nursed along for a couple 
of miles by slipping the clutch: - 
In other respects ihelbiza is very 
Germania -The -seats and ride arc 
firm giving i£- the crisp feeling that 
is missing from some of its softer 
riding competitors. 

- Prices range' from £3,995 for the 
1-.2LE- to £5,569 for the 1.5GLX 
and are carefully positioned to 
undercut the Fiat Uno by about £50 
a model I hope the Spaniards* 
r ese nt ment of the Italian's pull-out 
does not . cloud them judgement and 
deteriorate into .a bitter two make 
contest. That could lead to expens- 
ive blood letting. on both sides. 
Hat’s- UK sales are climbing back 
after years in' the doldrums and they 
are not about to give up that hard 
won success without a 'fight. 

Vital statistics 

Model . Seat Ibiza 1J2 GL 

Price £4,680 

Engine I193cc 

Performance 0 to 60mph 1 5.4 
secs, maximum speed 96 mph 
Official ' consumption: urban 

31.4tnp& 56inpb 57.6mpg and 
. 75mph42.8mpg 
Length: II. 9ft 

Insurance: group 2 

Striking Piazza 

Park the Isuzu Piazza Turbo 
anywhere and the chances are that 
you - will return to find - it has 
attracted admirers, h is 'a very 
exciting looking car, with rakishly 
low smooth lines suggesting a 
. Porsche-tike pedigree of jpofcrr and 
speed. Indeed, the back endis pure 
Porsche wHHe ihe sleek, purposeful 
front (s in my view-one of the most 
striking “wedge? shapes around. 

IhtoThk.heady mixture injea the 
following:' this is the first Isuzu to 
be -sold in Britain and. . as a 

latecomer to the severely restricted 
Japanese sector wifi be imported 
only in small numbers. Good looks 
and exclusivity must be a winning 

Throw in the most comprehen- 
sive and lavish package of standard 
equipment yet seen zn its class, a 
top speed of i30mph, excellent 
power-assisted steering, reassuring 
roadholding arid handling and you 
wonder what if anything, manufac- 
turers of existing high performance 
2 plus 2 coupes can do to stop the 
Piazza sweeping ihe field. 

Behind< the wheel, however, there 
are a number of disappointing 
aspects. The first hits you as soon as 
yon lake your seat The Cilroen-hke 
twin binnacles bousing the controls 
for lighting switches, direction 
indicators, wipers, etc are so 
complex and muddled in their 
concept . and lay-out that they 
appear to have been designed by at 
least four people each with different 
views on how the ideal switch 
should operate. 

Another shortcoming is the 
surprisingly coarse transmission. 1 
found it near impossible to make 
smooth progress up through the 
gears when attempting to drive at a 
leisurely pace. Each change was 
accompanied by a jolt as if the 
engine had first to take up slack in 
the drive line to the solid rear axle. 
Put your foot down, accelerate 
sharply between changes and the 

— As a result the Piazza is very 
■ ; quick off the marie. 1 It will accelerate 

60mph .from, a standing start in : 
, -. A about; 8-5 secs -and top 1 OOmph in a ' 
r "2V ; shade over 1 26 sees. ‘ • ’ 1 ' 

There is a surprising amount of 
room in the rear for a 2 plus 2 
coupe. With the front seats in the 
^-middle position of their, front and 
qft travel there; was a good two 
inches of space between my knees 
and- the seat in front Head room is 
more confined 1 butnoi unduly < so. 

* My overall impression is of a 
beautiful looking" car. with exciting 
performance tyat is rather spoilt by 
over gilding- - Make such goodies as 
"air conditioning, cruise control and 
limited ' slip differential optional 1 
rather than- standard fittings and the 
Piazza could probably be sold for 
about £10,000. At that price it 
would be a much better buy than its 
present of £11,950. 

Vital statistics 

Model: Isuzu Piazza Turbo 

' Price: ■ £11,950- 

Engine: l994cc 4 cylinder tur bo- 
nneted charged 

i ported Performance: 0 to 60mph 8.5 secs, 
d looks maximum speed 130mph 

winning Official consumption: urban 

31.7mpg. 56mph and 75mph 
prehen- 30 m pg 

andard Length: 14.3ft 

class, a Insurance: group 7 provisional 

The 2-litre, four-cylinder engine 
is a similar mixture of good and 
. bad. On the plus side the engineers 
have made an - excellent job of 
tackling the problem of turbo lag. 

The turbo “comes in" at surpris- 
ingly low revs, giving the Piazza the 
.same flexible characteristics as a 
normally, aspirated engine of at 
feast three litres. Saab and Renault 
would improve their new 9000 and 
25 executive cars immeasurably if 
they could reduce turbo lag in the 
same way. 

First Front© 

Approved Used BMWs j 


BMW 3ifi Manual £S3^VAT 

BMW 3 in ESU9+VAT 

BMW 320 , E85.75+VAT 



BMW 5201 £77JMkVAT 


fflW 728 Ante CI17Z7+VAT 

BMW 73S Aula - £147.tS*VAT 




VW GOLF 071 3Dri £7.495 ESCOBTXRa— ^ E*,7B* 

PEUGEOT SOS Gnau-stock £&445 

Low cost lease, HP, lease purctiase. tax free sales. LHD/RH0 
40 Vanstsn Waco. London, SW6. 01-381 2021. Telex 91 3922 


9BB9 0H82600O BSDI 


Dtftmry nlsaga ootf 

CABRIOLET 316. C-wcrd ISM, 
20 000 mnes. i laav owner. 
1 98- 60s. Aa new FE.H. by BMW 
Dealer. £8.900. Ol 370 7575. 

BMW B28L 1982 W. £S2M with 
tSmtfts BMW (jarovtd warranty 
K»86i 7951 19 levesi. 

B.M.W. 375 SI. C m 2.000 mitea. Blq 
tavftia at £19.960. Private sale. 

>02021 24949. 

BMW 316. YReo- 6 need Henna Red. I 
Mw Interior, one owner, 16.000 
mills. £4.960 Bookhmn 521 IB 

NEW BMW*. All moans t o order, 
large discounts. Tel: 0227793010 . 

New Belmont 

Vauxhafi's new Belmont saloon 
will put the cat among the pigeons 
in more ways than one. It gives the 
General Motors company a rival 
for Ford's Orion in the biggest 
selling sector and that means its 
increasingly buoyant dealers offer a 
choice of hatchback or saloon in the 
supermini, lower medium and 
medium car sectors. 

But it is also a much better 
looking car than the Astra, despite 
the latter being chosen “Car of The 
Year" in 1985. In my view, and it is 
a widely held one. the Astra's rear 
end is one of the ugliest on the road 
today. I have heard it described as 
having an outsize dustbin lid for a 

Against this the extra 9 inches of 
length on the booted Belmont gives 
it a much more attractive outline. It 
looks tike a smaller version of the 
Vauxhsdl Carlton and they don't 
come more highly recommended 
than that. 

Vauxhall executives hope to 
establish separate following for each 
car by stressing the sporty youthful 
-image of the Astra compared with 
the more, formal Belmont .saloon. 
Everything they have touched in 
recent years seems to have turned 
to gold so who am 1 to question 
their strategy? 

My initial impression after 
driving 1.3 and 1.6 versions in the 
south of France recently is that- the 
Belmont is a better riding car than 
the Astra. It is still inclined to be 
choppy on poor surfaces but the 
weight of even moderately heavy 
supermarket purchases in the boot 
made a noticeable improvement. 

1984. BMW S3S CSta. Deishln with 
Mark leather Recar o m u. BlauDunkl 
Mrrte 1 owner. 16.000 mttm, fsh, 
irnmac. New car arrived hence 
£19.600 ono. Bristol 552325 (office 
bonm. . 

Z30E. Auta. 1984. Ivory /!_ Tan. 

18.000 miles. Uke new. r s.H. Many 
cmm. Cl 0.660 ono. 10978)365790. 

BMW * 20 . Moor saloon. Auto, blue 
exL Navy InL radio, an- rand. MoT. 
excellent caul. £2.600. Tel: 01-582 

Motor Leasing 


BMW 31 81 4-dr from £6%iw Escort XR31 from £44 pw 

Slarra 160QL from £40 pw Carton 1.8 GL from £56pw 

Audi 00 from £69.95 pw Volvo 740 GL from £60pw 

Hire available 3/6 months duration 

TELEPHONE (0922) 614014: TELEX 338585 


VW and Audi Porsche 

GL Automafic 

S-doer BL 13X00 ah. Rad. lad laflKr 
ioUrior, |dpM ta Back. RMs Rom car- 
ps*. atodrfc hMm. ditMc mans!, 
alloy vhuh. 

01-568 0265 

1985 e REG AUDI 200 Ouanro. Tor- 
nado red. 5-sod. eteeme sunroof, air 
contl tlontoo. trnsendota oerform- 
ance an*. £18^495. Tel: (MOB 641*55 

AUDI 80 CJ9. Jar 84 (Al. Manual. 
Amazon blue. 1 owner. 15.000 rale. 
Radio. -Horen. Suoero. £6.400. Ol- 

■CARMAN OF BARNET offer ttmtitv 
ihe best deal on AudL vw. Tel: Ol- 

fl Otf. OOUv OOLF. A U mod els Ine. 
CTIa A eonvertHilea. Itnmed. deL 
Keenest pricoe. 0*82 872182. 

models available at keenest prices. 
0582 872182. Open Sun. 

Collectors cars 
Mercedes Coupe 

1971, KteNBc Blue. SO CE. PAS. 
MoT. In vary good condUon, 
completely overhauled. 

FM Ressasable Oder 

Tel: Home, Newry 
(0693) 3492 

944 82 Y 

Black, manual, sun roof 
50,000 miles. 

0594 24900 

(045387 3377 evenings) 

Oil Carrera 
Sport Coupe 
1983A 35400 mites, Guards 
Red, Fun A&N. Sendee 
history. Excellent condition 

£ 21,000 

Milton Keynes (0908) 

8281 Aoto. -82 met chesOniL Imraac. 
f a-h.. TRX wheels e »/r. fir spoilers. 
16 months BMW wamwity. CS. 99 & 

1 09281 35241 <hL 5SI69 lot 


928 S2 AUTO. 1984 model A too. 
Guards red. maroon hide tm- hnmoc 
coral. Sunroof & fun specs, low UiDes. 
£26.000. TeC 01 -S58 1361. 

928 S Auto. B Re*. LHD. 3-000 km. 
ESR. MctaBic Burgundy, tun leather 
interior £27.000. 01-629 6141 
1 office L 

9a S2 1886 Stale Blur metallic, 
e/ sunroof, w /track. 50.000 miles. 
FSH. £26.900. 0707 60994, 

eves/Wends 0707 42647 

928 ■ AUTO 1983. A ran. elate blue, 
full hide bit in beige, v. low mDes. 
Imraac cend. full specs. £24.000. TeL- 

Abo anbUs m i p e da l bass tnadnss 
Iran E71S per nindb. Seized tg stabs. 

17-14 Loan Isss. kfa d a n 
HUtto: BB5H37ZB5/B 


Oa you new nr DKestmoiL Panless m- 
pot. You Ua IDs profit m do Ihe not 
Buy via 





| Save £££s. Most makes - ad cars - 
rftd. factory butt. UK specs Wa 
Insist on tidy delated, written 
quotes. For fre* brochure please 

01-248 2025 

(Open raeyt) 

MORGAN 1600 cs 4 4 2-sealer. 
1973. Not driven since complete 
restoration. Ivory with brown 
leather. Wire wheels, low mileage. 
£5.160 OIM. Td. 0990 65797. 

VOLVO 360 GLT. 5-door. Jan "B3. 
27.000 mb. Superb coral. FSH. 4 
new Ptrattls. yn lax. £6.200. <0983) 

VOLVO 240 DL. October 1984. 6.500 
mDes. many extras. Immacuiaie. 
n 5 . 000 . Phone Dr Otaara 0624- 

*64 B MORGAN PLUS B. LfiOOmls 
Kory, red leather, r/ seats, stereo, 
extras. £1 1.960 PX Cummings 0208 


E.Q UV8 SZ040 


XRSConwoUe Bolf ETi3-5dr 

EscortRSTuto Ami Crone 

fiesta jCR? Aud lOOAv CC 

S«raXR4X4 Astra 6TE 3/S dr. 

WGlflflfto CaviwSfti 

Mfiliaestro OpelUasa 

GMonon Pbbhh205GH 

an laftrf CmtmSXITRfl 

in Supra V tfroW medefa) 

01-907 B955/9997/9S53 
Hours Mon-Fri 9anh60Ri 

MS Morion 
Mazda KXf 
Cekia Supra 


COVENTRY. B Registered. 
fmed with many extras. Low 
mileage recorded- £12595. 


0203 402177 


Deals* reTAV 
□olivanos XjV. 

Ooen 7 Days 
Wenhono for Dncet 
.0462-678131 YjLIW 

immacuiaie. FSH. _New tyres 
Bargain £5.150 01-994 1BS3 after 

1S86 C X SAFARI IE. Automatic. 
4.000 mis. £9500. 0734 545275 

MOROAN Z+3L. 1986. Red. wire 

I wheels, spots. Immediate deUverv 
£10.950 0702 587442. 

198* CX PALLAS IE aulomattc 3500 
mis £9.200. 0754 545270 anytime 

CONVERTIBLE VISA *84. cteren. vac. 
30.000m- red. allow. £4.000. 06286 
62364 level. 

PEUGEOT 205 QT1 *8S £5.996. 605 
Pruoeot 305 GT. -84B. £5.999 306 

Banburv 0295 710325 Evas & Sun 

HONDA ACCORD Executive 3 door. B 
rev. 12-000 miles, an extras, mini 
co nation £4.996 Rtnq days 01-397 
7 1 76 eves/ weekends Ol -398 8484 

Rolls-Royce and Bentley 

Metallic Hue. 45000 miles, fan. 
magnolia interior. 1 previous 

° Wn * r ‘ £13,600 
over mrtaUe silver. maonHta 
I n ter i or. 71.000 miles, exceneni 
condition throughout 

0836 224371 



Excellent condition. Wefl 
maintained. Gold colour. 
65.000 miles. 

Bast offflravar £10.000 

Mntni*c waitted 9X4 lux >*• a rod. 17.000 mis. mm- 

muilira If ralliCU anic Mur. elect a/roof. P.D.M 1m- 

MER CEDES 200. 2000. 2SOE. 2400. 
80-83. Hl*h mlteeae condition tmma- 
tertaL Buyer ready with cash. Tel: 
01-992 3372. eves only. 
Mercedes. TeL 01-493 7706AJ1-352 

maculate £t 1 .600 Crawley 774968 
home. 0293 582261 offlee. 

ROLLS ROYCE Silver Shadow 1970- 
Regal red over sliver beige Hamer- 
Good condition, fan. new tyres, re- 
cent service and brakes. Year^ tea 6 
MOT. £7.250 ono. TeL- 0202 33097 
or 895504. 

ROLLS-ROYCE Spirits & Shadows 
wanted immediate decision A settle- 
ment. Phone Robert Durose. Marts- 
neld (06231 863 937 any tlme- 

BENTUEY T 1972. Guaranteed 60.000 
mHes. 2 owners lone tntMl. New 
tyres, t. raof. tow bar. Cruise con. 
tinted glass. Tudor grey. v-9-C 
£7.500. Tel 0244 28201. 

1980 SILVER WRAITH U. Chestnut 
with Black Everflex. Balge seats, 
piped Brown. 20.000 miles, roll his 
lory £22.980. 0263 68358 lOl 

726121 tHlT. 

Jaguar and 

Cabriolet-Sept 85 

Steel with gold coachlinc, 
Isscuii hide, HL wash and wipe, 
computer, dcctric stereo radio. 
1,100 miles, must make room 
fora V 12 Cab. 


Tel: 0706 522477 day 
0706 74627 evenings 

JAGUAR / DAIMLER. 1980-1985 
choice of 45. whole range- £6.960 to 
£17.000 ESI 1 8 VTS. PJC. Tef 01-564 
9835 Essex. 

auto. 30.000 mis. r, wind, bbtefc. ex 
cond £7.000 01-3686483. 


TS? 01-278 1326 or 83 7 1099 




Trainer's residence and 45 boxes surrounded by 10 acres of pad- 
docks si dialed in wdl known naming centre. Can be sold as going 
concern. Early complexion available for sum of Dai season- JPrice 
around £180,000 

Reply Box 2490 L The Times 


being one of the best-known names 

£ 1 . 2 m sales per annum. 

CM David SiBio or Henk Van Eck 
on 041-647 7100 

10 outlets in Scotland 
selling electronic and 
traditional musical in- 

50% ol Scottish Marital 
Call David Sillito or Henk Van Eck 
on 041-6477100 


from £99.50 Inclusive 
Same-Day Company Services Ltd 
Bridge St 181 Queen Victoria St, London, EC4 

Tel: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Swnchea 


If you consider that you may be heading towards liqui- 
dation or rf you just need general advice about income 
tax, vat etc then a chat with us could be the beginning 
of the end to your problems. We are a professional firm 
specialising in all the above types of problems. 

Reply Box 1262R The Times 



seeks io have associates such as stockbrokers, commodity broken, 
estate agents, import £ export, financial institutions, and any lop 
companies seekings to establish themselves in the Far East- Will 
share profits or commusons on agreed terms. Please write to: tf. S. 
Wong, Open View, 7 Lancaster Are.. Great Ecrinion, Preston PR3 




Cocnpnttwnsmi, up to data King of 
UN Iranehiears. Appro* 300 wrtnes. 

Telephone: 0494 771143 
for details 

BACKERS NEEDED. Proven business 
new m London. 404u Mr-long tluie 
of 30“o protll margin, on lumorer 
£80.000 - fw C5S.OOO O. Dresner. 
29B Lancaster Grove. NWl 


I rrr raw on request Write Franchise 
Development Services Ltd. CaaUe 
House. Norwich NR2 1RJ. 

£500 WEEKLY. Spore time In 
property, capital nil Property. 
Aston House. Hope S3Q 2RA 


Cosmetics, toileiries, household 
goods, stationary etc . . . 
Overstocked? Don't worry. Turn 
that stock into immediate cash. 
We're one of the UKs largest stock 
buyers. Our team can give yon 
immediate decisions and 
payment Call Famous Brands Ltd 
on 0533 83091 1 
(3A boor ansafone service) 

LARGE OUANTmeS of ladles and 
ehlMrens* elMHes. RHtoMrHamanwd 
on 01-940 9774 between 9-6 Mon- 

rash. Can CAUeet. RWB hlartn 0206 


Apricot K 512 K 10 meg 

Compaq 256K 10 meg 


Period and reproduction. Ped- 
mul desks. Panners desks. 
•Voting tables. Davenports and 
Desks chairs. 

Write Ibr details or 
Per vaul CaOm WUcnae 
-iast DeUu" Dept 3-1-86 
■"dumti Street Irania n NWS 
I .-lr phone 01-723 707b 



and counter urverlanEf eqtmmeri Un 
botn me artmeur 4 prolesaciui Ring m 
. wietapreeiBi 
716 Lea SrUae Rd 
Loadoa ElCSAW 



No Premium 

PrBibqB fum carpel siiowraom/ 
allices ail mduans with phone + 
T pc termed aval Stwn/long term- 
Perking facSniBS. 

From E75pw 


( Off Edgsvare Road ) 

No Premium, 24hr. aetevs. 
Pnwlipc fum. carpeted office* 
nilh phone + ilk- from ETOpw 
all incl. •hon/Ion* term. 
Parkin): facilities. 

01-839 4808 

efnnent Iri answerlnj W«- 
Beth Mason Ot -629 2931 

Both Include Integral) 
accounts software, uniu 
offer. Phone: 

on 01-657 0713 



TELEX and N**urule terrice. frt 
rianMiL aetmie. no aubacrUKion. 


THIS IS A CHANCE of a IlfeUme. J«> 
lots, mall order doming. Detail* 


IK return on prune tominerciat aw 
erty inveeunnu. 

Fri brochure BL1S. 061 792 


YOUR mailing Utta rampuiensefl and COLOUR ! A&, A4. A3. BIT 

6if.Adn*9iiB iMMn CTClM »n nei* imprw upipurtiui i 

MlttolrCh, BS7 DUrblxirT i Bd. iioni Bury bl 

Darwen. Lann. Trl 0264 774860. LdmuiubiOM4i SSb< 


A time for flowers. 


More than words can sa\: 


SjgRS*,. '!£■<»£? -S.K s TradeOl-837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-837 3333 or 3311 

MISSING imtrr ft white Kin« Gharte* 
Cavalier mum. answcrug w uw 
name of Daisy. tort Been in WS m 
Sunday. 29 d*c. Pbj iu i MW hmha 

an ytime . 

WANTED t uIIKki from BMW. graduate 
for mature student tnldnonurr 

maih'i -A- IrvHLPhona 01-722 1472 

R/CHAPMAN /rum ember UK. - babel 

R9W.047S 22133. 

BONHAMS Modem ATI Cpuraea. Sow 
Edueatfaul Courses column 



** 1st CLASS** 





AJyarvr 1 »K fr £69 2 wiu (r £89 
Trncrtfe 1 M Ir £149 a whs Ir 

Drpi. 3.S. ID. 12 Jan. 
Algarv* t wi tr £99 2 '"ha fir £109 
T*n#rH> l wk fr £189 2 wfcs fr 

Drpi IT. 19. 24. 2«. 31 Jan. 
Many «Wrr nobdaya & dates man- 
able. toctudea aw or bate! & flights 
frgra GatwKK A MUChoIrr. SuW. 
to sum ft avail, instant booking* 
dJ rad front 


Tel. Sheffield (0742) 331100 
Manchetfer K»i 183* 5033 . 
London lOI/ESO 1365 AIM 2034. 



Massive sum of weal btanded 
Berbers front £3.90 myd t vat. 
♦ Many Bargain* m room 9t» to 


265 New King* Rd. 

Parson Orton. 


Tri.- 01-751 2688 
Free eattmaw - export fitting 



and Designee*- Permanent/ 
temporary pasuums. AM8A Special - 
lata AMncy Ol -734 0532. 

WEST UNO Art CaUacy aaahs com- 
pletely M -Ungual Gentian / EnaBsh 
eeerAty. Btm 2264 w The Times. 



Frankfurt £fi9Catro £206 

Paris £69 Nairobi £389 

Rome £99 Joburg £455 
Milan Ottt h Kona C«95 
AOtem £109 Toronto £249 
Malaga £83 N York £273 
Faro £89 LA.-SF £243 

Cm/Zur £79 Svd Mr! £699 
Vienna £129 DhoH £346 
L Palmas £119 T Aviv 


21. SwalKrw SI.. London. W.j 
TeL- 01-437 0337 01-734 9503 


BAYLEY. - On December 2i»i vo Jane 
•nee Ar krtii and David, a daughter 
BROOKS BANK, on December 23rd to 
Cnuna and Nicholas, a daughter 
virtarla Marv Crania 
BROOKS. - On !9in December, lo 
Clirlglinn and Cordon, a son. 
□nunfas. a brother lo Helen and 
Cau Hona. 

CURNCTT. - On January 1st 1983. lo 
Vai and Bob awn. 

8URROUGH. - On December 29 Di. lo 
.irni 'nee waiwinl. and Aid. a 
daughter. Eve. 

COOKSON. - On January IV to 
Lucinda me*- Hcdgrol and Hugh, a 
daughter. Charlotte Fiona. 
CUMMING .BRUCE - On 27 Lh Dccem 
frr lo Edward and Antonia, a son - 
Michael a mi air. 

OE TEISSIER: On December 30Ui to 
Amanda and Peter a von Alexander 
Vv iiitam Guy a brother (or Jamie. 
ENGLISH. To Lucy >nee Shawl and 
Harry on Nobvembrr 29 al the Foot 
hills Hospital. Calgary. A second son, 
Jonathan william Henry. 

HESLOP On 27 December al Nairobi 
Hovuiai lo Vlciry 'Nee Brown i and 
Graham, a son i william Alexander), 
a bi other lor Sam. 

HEWITT -on December 28lh. 1985 to 
Linda ’nee TompMnsi and Michael, a 
daughter. Jennifer Louise. 
HOUGHTON. - On December 29. 
1985. IO Julie moo Wrfghit and 
Da\ Id. a daughter. Nicola Jane. 
HUMPHREY - On December 31V. 
1983. to Album met Leak' and Peter 
twin sons Matthew Edward Bentley 
and Toby Jonathan Lewis, brothers 
lo Oliver. 

JACOBSEN. - On December 26th In 
Australia lo Priscilla Ince Patel/ and 
Oiimun. a daughter Nadia Kate. 
JOHNSON. - On 30 December to Jane 

■ nee Mertlekj and Michael, a son. at 
w. London Hospital. 

JOHNSON - On 30th December at 
The Hosle. CmAiMw. lo Annabel 
into Waits) and MJchoid. a son. 
George, brother for Jessica. 

JOY - on New Years Eve to Caroline 

■ nee Ok ell I and Andrew - a son 

■ Thomas). 

MEHARG. - On 18th December. 1985. 
al Poole General HospJUL lo 
Chnsune and Scon, a son. Jeremy 

MOORE - On 22nd December 1983 al 
Bristol Mol entity Hospital lo Pamela 
tner Crawford) and Paul - a son 
diver James. 

RAYNEH - On December 30lh U 
0»ieen OurloOc') bo Emma inre 
Carri and Merrick. a son (Robert 

RUCK KEENE. - On 301 ti December to 
Tania and David, a daughter. Lucia 

STEEDMAN - On Ihe 12th December. 
1985. lo Zonti and Scon, a son. 
Nicholas Robert Cyrus. 




1 63.000 cCcnLi since 1970 

SY DN EY £392 £64? 

PERTH £379 raw 

AUCKLAND £409 £770 

BANGKOK £198 £363 

SINGAPORE £231 £462 

BALI £314 £681 

HONGKONG £237 £498 

DELHI . BOMBAY £250 £398 
COLOMBO £231 £420 

CAIRO £160 £205 

NAIROBI £231 rmi 

JO ■BURG £308 £479 

UMA £263 £806 

LOS ANGELES £192 £382 

JttWYORK £139 £269 

GENEVA £73 £89 

01937 5400 
01-603 1515 
01-938 3444 





New York £147 o/w £260 rtn 

L Angela £lBOo.-w £360 rtn 

Toronto £135 o/w £2S3rm 

Joluinj £264 o.w £466 rtn 

Sydney £3990/ w £670 rtn 

Auckland £406 o.w 

Tel Aviv 

£360 rtn 
£285 Tin 
£466 rtn 
£670 rtn 
£750 rtn 
£376 rtn 
£350 rtn 
£169 rtn 


HAPPY 19TH birthday Clara with 
A C. lots of love Andy. 


HANLON : GANNON - On December 
231 is. 1985. In New York City. Mark 
Edward Sroncrr. younger son of Mr 
and Mrs E. Hanlon lo Annemarlc. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. Broderick 

of Minnesota. 

WATSON : COOK. - On December 
91V. 198S at Relgate. Surrey. Dr 
Teruus T. B. Watson lo Miss E. Cook. 


CAREY : REFZEFL On January 3rd 
1946 in Zurich Switzerland. Clive la 
CiMriaile now Uvlna In Railway 



ARMITAOE. - On Tuesday. December 
IK. 1985. Venrlla Mary (nee 
Sauflei. peacefully in Bnhlll. In Iter 
93rd year. The funeral service win be 
held on Friday. January JOlh. Spin, 
al Ihe Eastnourne Crematorium. 
Inquiries and flowers lo Mummery. 
SI Devonshire Road. Barnhill oo Sea 
■ Trfc 0424 210418). 

BAUGH AN. - On January 1st. 1986. 
occlully at home. Jocouellne For*. 

£230 o.'w SLV. 

£ lOOo/w £21 

kok £210o.w £3£ 

viv £99 o. w £1« 

Many other bargains 

Tel: 01-370 6237 










2 Denman Streej. London. W1 

TEL: 01-439 3521/8007 



_ O/w Return 

Sydney £425 £770 

Auckland £465 C774 

Bangkok £205 £330 

Jo-burg £262 £470 

LOS An gelos £171 £360 

131 Earls Court Rood. SWB 
Phone. 101)3706332 

Non-Stop 3 Weekly 



AFRICA (East. WesL South) 

Long-established experts In 
•Uxouitt travel For best service: 
Tel: Ol -9301992/3986 

ROME £97. Milan £77. Ptea £»02L 
Venice £102. Naples £107. Phone 
Clao Travel 01-629 2677. 
DISCOUNT AIR. First A bsadnaa 
fares, spec rales, afleredfl cards. Ot- 
630 7661 . TI* 881 327. ABTA 
FLIGHTS Greece. Algarve. Canaries. 

ALGARVE. YOU VUamocn. sips 4/8. 
LuuDv or BOir hols. Jan-Nav 1986. 
£26-35 DP. pw. -061269 6016. 


★ * ★ 

CHALETS FROM £1 39 on 1 1 Jan 
Inc flights, meals A wme 
save £«6 an s'c Inc flights A 

flights * transfers only - £791 

01-384 5060 (24 hn) 

* * ★ 


* * * 

CHALETS FROM £1 39 on 4 JAN 
Inc flights, meals ft w ine 
Flights & transfer only - £791 
*BB mare fantastic offers 
Ring 01 -584 5060 124 bn) 
★ * ★ 




Catered chalet parlies 
4lh Jon - £139. 

1 1 ih Jon - £149. 

S c- £99. 

The lop French and SwtM resorts. 
Includes flight 


ATOL 1820 


— — & PARTNERS- 

Tbe Letting Agents 

We have an extensive 
range of top quality .per* 
serially inspected prapfer- 
ties' available to- rent in. 
Central London. For an 
Bjqpert and hefpful service 
please contact Julie 
Morgan or Katrina 
the Knightsbridge office. 


lg\ 01-629 

HOLIDAY- PLATS £nxn£I 60 pw to 
NW /Central London. 01 794 1186 or 
write; i Princes Mews. NWSfD. 

LUXURY FLATS. Short /Vom* Ms.. 
Enhanced Properties. 629 0601 . 

KENSINGTON SW7. 1st class modem 
mows house. One - <h>l two nd 
bedims, large drawtoa rm. din/tdL 

UUlity rm. co let 1-2 ots. 
Tel: 991 3613 day. 689 2 

Wit. Stunning 2 floor RoL In period 
bso. 2 nceps. 2 bedrm*. 2 bamv 
study. Ortamal Matures, private 
warden. GCJi. £375 p.w. 01-229 



Apprar curb Tur>dav 
Telephone 01-837 1234 
ext 7677 

and choose from l -6 Star opts, central 
London. Iituiicd la to /advance reser- 
vations. - TW: 9362412. 

BROOK GRBEM, W1« Lovely sunny. 
2 bed flat, avail 2 yrs. rood cans, n/s 

SW1. Lovely maisonette In Pimlico, oil 
brand new. 2 beds. 2 ensulte baths, 
spacious recap with 'fireplace, new 
ML £200 p.w. Gooffs 828 8261. 

F. W. GAPP (Managament Eervtcasl 
Lid require properties In Central. 
South and West London areas for 
wotting applicants. TcL Ol -221 8838. 

CUffROLD PARK. Double bed. large 
pgftelM silting room, new kttehan. 

cowN e. £64 per week. Phone 249 

BELGRAVIA. StibsunOal 4 beg. 2 
ncqi duplex flax. Smart) - locaaon. 
hj.-gco ml £400 pw. Buchanans. 351 

LONDON WB. Half priced luxury 
bouse to ran to profusslorud people. 4 
months from mg and of nth 
January. References 603 7426. 

US CORPORATION seeks furnished 
properties in Coot A SW -London 
areas £lB6-£BOOpw. Cebbao & 
Goseiee (Estate AsUL 01 -689 6461 . 

W1. PMaaont 2 room flat, alt mod cons. 
Inc wash moch. ch. dbie dc. 
long/ short lei. £140 pw. Tel: 743 

RENTING OR LETTING 8 flat or house 
In control SW. SE London from 
£j00-£400 pw. Short or tong term 
lets. HLT Lolling Agents CkZ7 0171, 

SW7, Garden Square, sunny top fhu. 
laity furnished, dblc bedrm. rarapL k 
A b. 5 months let. £140 pw. -01-937 

BW1- Bright warm 1 bed patio fbu. 

4/12 monms prof. £:J5 pw rid 
CH/HW. 01-236 6060 EtCL 292 or 
834 2639 eves. 

ing bedsitter, use of Ml. bam. an. 

- £4 1i»w . Stm young grad lady. 942 

NWtS.'C Furn Studio Flat, quiet, good 
transport, snapping. Reft. £270 

Sf&wSS* prof vtnoa 

KENSINGTON, WB. Town house 3 
bed.. 2 bain.-£400 p.w. 727 7897 124 

hrs ’. 

SW6. Pretty 3 bed Ftohom house. 
Avail now Co lei. £200 pw. 
Buchanans. 351 7767. 
Oat. Lor ML gas CH. Parking. 1 yr. 
£4O0pcm. '02931514468. 

OLD CHELSEA SW3. Spec wen turn, 
flat 1 dble bed. drawing. dlmng£ 146 
pw. Co. M.-352 4174. 

PUTNEY, near Hie river. Spacious 3 
bed house, cn Irt. £200 pw. 
Buchanans. 361 7747. 

CLAP MAM. Spacious luxury 2 bed flat 
In garden square. Co ML £146 pw. 
BudhanansTsei 7767. 

FULHAM, SW3. Almost new 2 bed 

UP. UP & away 

Nairobi. Jo-burg. Cairo. DubaL h- 
tanbuL Singapore. K. L-. Delhi. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong- Sydney. 
Europe * the Americas. Flomlgo 
Travel. 3 New Quebec St. Marble 
Arch. London wih 7DD. 


Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

Traditional farmhouses. Giles, vil- 
las. many with pools. All the best 
rural 6 coastal areas. Family run 
company with 13 years experience. 

Bowhill Cottages 

Swan more Southampton 


DJERBA Jan 6 & 13 

„ FREE Chad Places 
_nigttto from £69; Hob from £179 
MUro of Sandy Beaches. Super 
Choice Hotels with Pools. Riding. 
Ltenctng. bbos. free Tennis. 


81-441 0122 ATOL 1933 

COST CUTTERS on rughh- hgls to 
Europe. USA and all dealnanons. 
Dtntemol TtsmcL oi-tso 2201. 

LOW COST FLIGHTS. Most European 
desmatlacH. Call Valexonder 01-402 
0052. ABTA. ATOL 1960. 

CHEAP FARES worldwide. 
Express. Ol -439 2944. 

LOWEST rtr farm. _ Buckingham 
Travel. ABTA 01-836 8622. 

USA XMAS. From £238 ret ur n. — 
Muter Travel. 01-485 9237. IATA. 

« economy. Try us 
lOSL FUghtbOOken. 01 -387 8100. 

01-4411111 Travel wist. ATOL 1788. 


* * * 

4 JAN -CHALETS ONLY £1 28ft 
Personal callers only Thursday ft 
Friday to our centrally located of- 
fice at. 22. Hans Place. Kroghts- 

* * 

Cash ft Credit cards only 


S C£149 CATERED £179 
line flights) 

LUX apt], swimming pool. exc. loxl 
transfer Priv. bar /ski school 


01-221 7913 


Save up Bi £180 
Chalet Parties £139 
Selfcalerfng: £99 

TcL- 01-785 2200 

SKJ HOLIDAYS from £59 
BY AIR JAN 5 A 12 

From Manchester ft Caiwtck 
Hotels ft Apartments. 

Free vi deo* free exercise leaflet 
01-741 4486. 061-236 0019 

SKI SKI SKI with John Morgan 
Travel, fantastic chalets •• Ul . 
S C. Prices from £119 o p. Jon de- 
parture. Inc. fiteht transfer. Ring 
now for detain 01-499 1911 or 0730 
68621 or see your Travel Agent. 


London from £300 try Rtoo Town 
House Apts Ol -373 3433. 

Knwlmton. Cot TV. 24 hr swbd. 
telex. Codlngham Apts. 373 6308. 


WE URGENTLY require ttve-ln expert * 
enced nanny for our beautiful 3 year 
aid son bn our Hampstead home. 

Saiary negotiable. 
01-499 5076. Please can between 

NOR LANDER. 25+ required urgently 
for pres nor k>b London 'country. 
Also fabulous Mbs (or NK&B or ex- 
perienced nannies /mothers helps. 

J^AgSsrswss^. M - 

offers M /helps. Dams, an llve-ln 
slaff UK ft Overseas. Au Pali 
Agency Ltd. 87 Regoil SL London. 
01-439 6834. 

CHALET GIRL, position still vacant 
Mctlbel. 85/84. se as on. Cordon Bien , 
or equiv exp red’d. - Mark Warner. 

ofnrer and 2 young children oC 

AU PAIR ■ntroducoon service. Rin g 
Problems Unlimited. Windsor ( 07301 



"The very best of Britain's 
comic taJcnl" D. Mall 

see Shaftesbury Theatre 


see Ambassadors Theatre 


see Criterion Theatre 
London's three hit comedies 



0048. TODAY. Tumor. Mon. Tue. Wed 
2.30pm ft 6pm. 


-ends 18 Jan. 

London El. 01-377 SOI EL Per 
Ktrkeby ft Wolfgang Lath until 12 
Jan. FAM1LV DAYS 1.2. 3 ft 4 Jan. 
Opon Tub lo Sun 11-5 bid. NEW 
YEAR'S DAY. Wed until 8.00. 
Closed. Mon. Adra free. Recorded inf 
377 0107. 

CHELSEA CINEMA 301 3742 Kings 
Road (nearest Tube Stooiie 



13. Brochure: Cwert Place {School of MICHAEL CRAWFORD in 

g^T&.VeL^!^' ° x,ort BARNUM 

BONHAMS l^wl fLdl th^Lect^ |g5 
on 2(Xh c Visual Am. Stans 13fh 
Jon. Apply Principal 884 0667. 


YOUNG VIC 928 6363. Til Jan 25. 
Eves 7 30. Wed ft FTi Mate 2pm. 
Arthur MHIcr-a THE CHliOM F 
etol thwetre’VFT. 

dm turn dam*, D.TeL OC 379. 


ACADEMY 1. 437 2981. REUBEN. 
RBUBOI f 1 53 al 2.3othot SunLftSS 
6 40 ft 8.80. 

ACADEMY 2. 437 6129. Ilaly^ 
outsmndbHdy beautiful FORGET 
VENICE ftli. Progs 2.00. 4.10. 6k20. 
2^ l 5-^5a , .K 4.IO.6J20. 8.35. 
ACADEMY 3. 437 8819. THE 
WANDERER JLm Grand Mdaubma 
fPCV Progs- 4.00. 6.10. 8JtO. Ctnema 
closed 24-26 Dec bid. 

CAMDEN PLAZA 485 2443 (Opp 
Camden Town Tj*e> PMer 
Crooi*w*y , s A ZED ft TWO 
NOUGHTS <131. FUm at 1.44. 4 . 0 a 

5 252 ( End) / 839 1759 (24 hour 

aiLVT &APO epen lb TCteronT 1 ^: 
progs progs Dally 2.00. 5.10. 8.20. 
Late Nlghl Show Ftl ft Sat 1 1.45pm. 
All progs Bookable in M vance. 


LIBRARY. Crew Russell SC WCl 
BUDDHISM. Mon-Sat IO-& Suns 

ii.ij t ..j.Nr N i'.-a. i 

Cl 00 OFF ti Jongory. Sid without ute 
crown, in Courchevel and Merited 
with Sid Bonne Kdge. £100 off 21 
wk. holidays on January. £40 off 1 
wy oa 1 1 Ja nua ry. £40 off 1 wk on 
££. 18 Jon. Ol -733 2333. 

SKI LCS ALPEft January Specials. 
Vrrbler ft Megfve fr £130 s, e Inc 
night- Exdcsl-.e notidays for 
discerning skiers. 01-602 9086. 

resorts. Ch alets, heteft ft s.'c. SU 
West. C373 9648:i. 

SKI TOTAL. Superb skUng (rant your 
hotel door. Jon aorgalin. soil Feb 
vacs.- 0932 231 II 5. 

FUVJtT VINCENT CFrencb 1 Alpei from 
£59 Ina aceoai- Celtic Snow sp o i ls 


PIANO SALE. Messrs Ptiuups. win 
conduct an auction of over TO pianos 
on lOUi January 1986. al their 
Moryteboae Rooms. Hava Place. 
London. NW1. 01-7232647. 

PIANOS: H. LANE ft SONS. New and 
reconditioned- Quality at reasonable 
prices 326 Brighton Road. S. 
croydorv 01-488 3413. 

■ate ol reconditioned grand* ft mod- 
ern upiignE* Ol -861 4004(24hr*l. 



URGENTLY wn»d. Sliver op In £20 
Dec ounce. Cold UP to £250 per amr. 
Also aD anttenv fim bought. Phone 
Mr Davies 720 6442 Or write 23 
A n ertey Street. London. 5W11 m. 

WANTED Inlaid Victorian and 
Edwardian furniture bw uq i dealer: 
dining tables and Bookcases 01-642 
1 848 onytune cTf. 









By r:r :r fully czlr.rr.C chains - 
i'u>"p Cu 0 u 5 mca I v wj t fi f'ccw^nr 
Also «lf-cwered holidays 
- - ‘ from £87. . • • 

Tel: 01-351 5446 t7± ru! 


: Mli:|!:|lMl:2l|Ill v| |g NA 

OVER 9 MONTHS tjnng Jonuvy. 
ctiofAct to ttxxus Wrasn dataiit on 
roouest or tetephonr 

:*ikix h T ijM23;ilG 0,4, 


3t Wlpwn stnNt 
(tmt a p.KTOT* Wrtjj 
Lotxton. HTtHSOF 
TN: 01-4883111 or 01-935 7371 



■wiffi tetcei ehraprt than moit of 
our nxnpettton- cale pnee* - who 
needs a Sale? ittrs of u pqg nt* 
and grand* (a chaoM from. Take 
ad-.-antageof our atoauaKre wan 
option (ppnrshaae sian from only 

£16 tier month 


AtaanvStrart VW1 TMO! 0UM» 
anatery pt». mf TH.oi4sao»X7 


Ootim ordered m Juiiny will be 
red uc e! by 15% for Mj a i f tf tcrdi 
order. Older now and Save. J’feae 
ptunefar vgur appoinUueaL 
lb ChUordSL. 

SUvilc Row. Loodoo Wl. 

01-73* 2241 


IboaiMpMe cnftbOHGotloa 

teHunnctfw begin e on to raa or a fy 
endtstfldffw control wifto of elm 
and ntOrnoton an theftotiM arts n 

Britain and overseas - printed on tagh 

outiKy paper •«» suparb oakur 

Order a ton Irom your newsagent or 
and lor a past Ago copy to (hafts 
magacne. Dept TM.8WatartooPlioe. 
London SWlY4AT«ntteng£L95 

FroowWiHi* 1»— i>lTitexefjr 

Fmding a top flight legal secretary has \\ . ' 
never been easy. V\ V 

Until now. Because every Tuesday, the ^ <* 
Times have an exciting new Appointments 
category called Legal La Creme. -y\ 

it’s w'here you can advertise vacancies for top \ 
legal secretaries. > 

And it means that for the first time. Lawyers, 
Company Secretaries and Solicitors, who are looking 
for experienced legal secretaries, have somewhere to 
turn to — the Times. 

To reserve space now phone 01-278 9161/5. 






Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davaile 

BBC 1 

9M CtateAM. 
tWO BnaAtatTbra with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood Weather at 655, 
7.25, 755, 8u25 end 855; 
regional news, weather and 
. traffic at 657, 7.27, 757 and 
8-27; national and international 
news at 750. 750, 850, 850 
and 950; sport at 750 and 
*50; Lynn Farida Wood's 
consumer report at 8.15; a 
review of the morning 
newspapers at 857. Plus, 
ways of improving Britain's 

I Tv-am — WES? . 73 

music news; and 
- - predictions. 

9.20 The LRHeet Hobo (r). 955 Why 
Doirt You . „? EntertaWng 
ideas from young people in 
Cardiff. 10.1QThe Hunter. 
Cartoon series. 

10.15 Pt>y Chase. Bi9 Hartston with 
more advice for beginners. 
1055 Ivor the Engine (r). 10.30 
Ptay School 

1050 The New Adventure® erf 
Wonder Woman. Diana 
uncovers a ptot in which ' 

-v Washington dtpiomats' wives 
are made to reveal confldentia] 

pHkw tah (i%- 

11.40 The Montreux Rock FeAivaL 
The final programme of 
, highlights from the 1885 
& Festival, presented by Noel 
fc 1 Edmonds. Among those 

appearing are Frankie Goss to 

6.15 Good Morning Britain • 

' prasertedhy Nick Owen and 
dayne bvtog News with Adrian 
Brown at 6.17, 650, 750. 750, 
550,850 ahd9.00;exerei88S - 

at 6-20; sport at 655 mid 754; 

• . ■ . cartoon at 75«; pop video at 
7-56; Nlget Dempster's gossip’ 
column at 8.17; Jlnmiy ' 
Greaves stetevislon highlights 
at 854; from the fts* two 
lyears of TV-am at 855; 
Wacaday at 9.04 - 


855 Thaqtes news headlines 
- • foftowadhy Fraggle Rocfcwttr 
‘ ' Fulton Mackayfr). 950 
Woddwtao. Computerized 
- -geography game presented by 
David Jensen. 

10.10 Monte Carlo Circus FectivaL 
^ international ftne-up ■ 
includes members of the 
Russian S tate Circus. 

1150- Fane- Hie Mad Dog Gang — 
(1983). A made- hv-totovnion . 
adventure about Pickle, a boy 
■ • who wants to join a gang. A ■ 

Coronation Anthem: The King 
shall repce.t 

11.10 Oboe and piano: Paul Arden 
Taylor and James Walker play 
Alan Richardson a Roundelay, 
Ana and Allegretto; Gordon 
Jacob's Sonatina: Madeleine 
Dring's Polka. Italian Dance; Alec 
Templeton s Scherzo Capnee.t 

11.40 Schumann and Britten: Jane 
Leslie Mackenzie (soprano) with 

Philippine Leroy Beaulieu and Stacy Keach in Mistral's Daughter (ITV, 7.45 pm). Deborah Rees as Baby in Higglety, 

Hi rfr-T-I 

BBC 2 



The Pointer Sisters. 

1250 News After Noon with Richard 
Whitmore and Moira Stuart; 
include news headlines with 
subtitles 1250 Regional news 
and weather. 

12.55 Sport 85 introduced by Harry 
Carpenter Highlights of Great 
Britain and Europe's vm over 
the United States to the 1965 
Ryder Cup at The Betfry. 1.45 

250 Fflm: The Adventures of the 
Wilderness Rudy (1975) . 
starring Robert F Logan and 
Susan Damante Shaw. Part 
one of a true story about a - 
contemporary family, fed up 
with the smog and toe strain of 
Los Angeles Bfe. who decide 
to get away fram it aD m a 
Rocky Mountain log cabin. 
Directed by Frank Zuniga 355 
Tom end Jerry. Cartoon. 352 
Regional news. i 

355 Count Me In. Antony Johns 
takes to the water. 4.10 The 
Mole Comes to Town. A 
Cartoon story fr) 4.35 A ■. 
Paddington Special. 

5.05 Newavound China. John . 
Craven travels 2,000 mBes 
across Ghma by train, road 
and camel. 555 The 
FMitstones. Animated antics 
of a Stone Age family. 

850 News with Nicholas WBchell 
and Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

655 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogan. The guests include 
Barry Manflow, Fefldty Kendafl 
and Rowan Atkinson. 

755 Btankefy BSanfc. Les Dawson's 
guests are Cheryl Baker. , - 
.. Sandra Dickinson. Diana 
Moran, Michael Parkktaon, 
Danny la Rue and Dave Write 

8.10 Dynasty. Mors members of 
the Cotoy dan make their . 
appearance tonight as the ' 
patriarch of the famSy, Jason, 
fltas to Denver for a business 

meeting with Blake who Is 
reluctant to become involved 
in any daaHngs with .toon- . 
until he teams that the Coftry 
tanker fleet corid move his oil 
out of China. Meanwhile. Jeff 
is summoned to Cahfbrnta 
where there is a possibnty that 
he win bump into FaBan 

150 New* with John Humphry* 
and Andrew Hanrey. Weather. 

055 FibK A Fistful of Do8are 
(1964) starring Clint Eastwood 
as the laconic man with no 
name who unwittingly 
becomes involved In a gang 
war on the Mesucan-border. 
Directed by Sergio Leone 
(Ceefax). . 

1 1.00 Stareky and Hutch. The 

second and final part of the . 
story in which the two 
pofleamen fmafly hand in their 
badges but find life no less 
hectic as cfvfflans. 

12.35 Weather. 

ft a haunted caste brt when 
the boys arrive they discover ; 
that not only is It haunted but 
there are also a number of 
•-••• auspicious strangers . Starring 
- - David Kennedy- Buddy 

Ruruku. JuBe Wilson and Ian . 
- Templeton. Directed by Ross 

1250 Hens to Stay. The first of a 
new series presented toy. 

. Trevor Hyett examining the 
hopes and desires of Britain's 
minority communities. 

150 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin. 1-20 Thames news 
- presented by Trictelntyams. 
150 FSin: Scavenger Hunt (1979) 


James Coco, Ruth Gordon. 

- Roddy McDoweH and Scatmari 
Crothere. A dead eccentric has 
left his $200 mHfion estate to 
, the first person who can 

amass a list of items he has 
. written ft his wft Directed by 
Michael Schultz. 

3.40 Thames news headlines. 3-45 
Sons and Daughters.' . 

415 Doug Henning’s Magic on 
~ Broadway. A showcase tor the 
. talents of BkisionistDoug 
Henning. Among Ws more 
ffimous-teets is the one in 
which he makes a mUfian 
rioters in cash appear and 
■ disappear. His guests include 
Tony Randal) (ft 

5.15 Blockbusters. . _ 

5.45 News with Martyn Lewis. 

650 Thamesnews presented by - 

Andrew Gardner and Trtaa 

6.15 PoBee 5. Shaw Taytor. MBE, 
with more dues to unsolved 

. crimes m the London area. 

650 CMKPb Play, presented by 
. Iffichael Aspel. Uza Goddard 
■and RoyHuddhaveto 

- decipher everyday words 

- desatoed by young chfldren 

. •• •. 

7.00 .Pwple Doifw Funniest . 

. . " 'Thing*. Jeremy Beadle 
... presents a compilation of dips 
-featuring tbe funniest 
moments onteleviston 
fciciudng some of those that 
were consigned to the cutting- 
roomfloor. ^ 

755 MIstraFs Daughter. The third 
a nd final part of the drama, 

. based on the novel by Judith 
Krantz. it fa nowthe early 
:. Forttesand MBstrai b taken 
'. under the wing of a German 
officer whosuppfies him with 
painting equipment and 
; protects him from deportation 
>■ to a work camp (continues 
'. after the news). 

1050' News at Ten with Sandy Gad 
.. and Pamela Armstrong. 

1050 Kistrafs Daughter continued. 
1150 LWT News headltoes followed 

- • -by Snooker Dickie Davies 

introduces coverage of ths 
. gamehetween Doug Mountjoy 
and Bn Wribeniuk, a best-of- 
ntnoframes match for a place 
in the qu ar terfin a ls of the 
Mercantile Cradt Classic. 

From Tfte Spectrum Arena, 

12.15 New from London. The Irish 
rock group Mama's Boys in 
concert. _ 

ino Night Thought* from 
Baroness PtriUps. 

950 Ceefax. 

8.40 Yebqdabadool Joe Barbers, 

■ of the Hanna; Barbara cartoon 
company, talks to Mark Cuny 
about taWe as a cartoon 
maker and chooses clips from 
those featuring his favourite 

■ characters. 

12.10 Fibre Cutter's Trail (1969) 

' starring John Gavin and 

Joseph Cotton. The brothers 

' of Jesse Bowen, hanged for 
his part to a gold train raid, 
vow to take revenge orrthe 
marshal responsible for his 
. capture Directed by Vincent 

1.40 Whafs Up Chuck? Animator 
Chuck Jones talks about the ' 

. work he did tor MOM which 
included directing Tom and 
Jerry cartoons and Oscar- 
winning The Da and toe Line. 

2.20 Sport *85 introduced by Harry 
Carpenter, fflghflghtsof 
England's Ashes win with 
comment from the England 
captain. David Gower, in 
conversation with Richie 

350 FBru Summer HoBday (1962) 
starring CWf Richard. Lauri 
Peters, David Kossdff, Ron 
Moody, and the Shadows. 
Lighthearted musical about a 
quartet of London Transport 
workers orra double-decker 
bus tour of Europe. Directed 
by Peter Yates. 

555 FBnc Yeaow Submarine 
(1968). A feature length 
cartoon, based on 14 songs 
performed by The Beaties. 
With the voices of John CBve, 
Geoffrey Hughes. Paul 
Angaius, Dick Emery and 
Lance PardvaL 
Directed by George Dunning. 

750 Higglety Piggtety Pop! The 
.television premiere of Oflver 
Knussen's fantasy opera, 
based on the children's story 
by Maurice Sendak about the 
adventures of a sealyham 
. terrier. With Cynthia Buchan 
and the London Stoforietta 
conducted by Oliver Knussen. 
Simultaneous broadcast with 
stereo Radio 3. 

8.00 Flower of the Month. Geoffrey 
Smith talks about cyclamen. 

8.10 To the World’s End. 

■ Wonderful documentary about 
thesi$its, the sounds and the 
characters to be seen and 
heard along the number.31 
bus route that runs from 
Camden Town to the World* s 
End, Chelsea (r). 

850 Colette. The second and final 
ppt of the dramatized 
biography of the celebrated 
French writer. Colette, bored 
with her affair with WBIy, 
throws herself into a whiri of 
activity, beginning a new 
career In the theatre, taking 
now lovers and living 
outrageously, causing 
unfavourable comment from 
the pubfle. English subtitles. 

1050 An Evening with Howard KeeL 

Part two ola concert recorded 

at the Royal Abort HaU (r). 

11.15 FBm: Monkey Business* 

(1931 ) starring Ths Marx 
Brothers. As stowaways on 
board a cruise Oner the tour 
funny men find themsetves in 
rival teams of bodyguards to 
two feuding miflionaires. 
Directed by Norman Z 

1250 Weather. 

250 Snooker. Dickie Davies 
introduces coverage of ths 
game between Neal Foulds 
and the AustraBan champion 
John Campbell in ths fifth 
round of the Mercantile Cradt 

400 FBouDaric Enemy (1984) From 
the ChSdren's Fdm Unit a 
gloomy prognosis of post- 
holocaust Britain in which a 
group of cHfdren, firing in art 
isolated vaBey. are threatened 
in tiie night by the mysterious 
and faceless Moon children. 
When it is time to find a new 
leader, the three boys chosen 
have to explore ttra hUs 
surrounding the vaBey and ora 
of them, the youngest, makes 
a series of horrifying 
discoveries. Directed by CoGn 

Fin bow (r). 

550 Dire Straits Live in *85 at 
Wembtay Arena. A concert 
recorded in July, half way 
through the group's 300 venue 
world tour. 

7.00 Channel Four new* and 

750 Right To Reply Annual. 

presented by Gus Macdonald. 
The best of the Video Box 
participants and extracts from 
the studio debates that caused 
the most controversy. 

850 Gardeners’ Calendar 

presented by Hannah Gordon. 
A repeat of last January's 
programme which included the 
construction of a peat wafl and 
rts associated plants, and the 
conversion of a glasshouse to 
an Alpine house. In adtftfon, 
experts from the Royal 
Horticuttura] Society's garden 
at Wi&ley have advice on fruit, 
sowing seeds under glass, 
and what to look for when 
buying garden tools (Grade). 

9.00 Unknown Chaplin. The third 
and final part of the series 

■ showing recently discovered 
Chaplin footage. Tonight's 
edition includes complete 
sequences cut from final 
versions of such classics as 
Shortdar Arms, Modem Times 
and City Lights, and “fun" 
films made with visftora. to 
Chaplin’s studio, including one 
made with Harry Lauder. The 
narrator is Jamas Mason. 

1050 Bright* Bardot - My Own 

Story. The final programme in 
the series in which the former 
sex-kitten talks about her Ufa, 
covers the period after her 
third divorce when she 
decided to retire from 13m- 
mafring to concentrate on the 
protection of animals (r). 

11.10 A Way of Being. A 

documentary about the 
Alexander Technique, a 
method of coping with stress 
which has been an established 
part of musical and dramatic 
courses tor many years and 
has now been adopted by 
Drtfinary people to cope with 
the pressures of everyday life 

1155 FBm: Divine Mwtoeis (1980) 
starring Bette Midler. The 
outrageous entertainer at her 
best recorded at the 
Pasadena Civic Aucfitorium. 
Made over a period odour 
days the film captures Mbs 
Midler in all her moods from 
sweetness and Eight to 
comedienne with decidedly 
risque material. Directed by 
Michael Ritchie. Ends at 1.40. 

Radio 4 

On long wave f also VHF stereo. 

555 Shipping 650 News fenefag; 
weather 6,10 Farming 6-5 & 
Prayer fix the Day.* 

6.30 Today, md SJO.VjO.8JO 

News 445 Business News. 6.55, 
7.5S WSaiher 7.00, 850 News. 
755. 855 Sport 7.45 Thought for 

8.43 European Entries - The Common 
Market Papers of W Morgan 
Petty (part 5). 8J7 Weather 

9.00 News. 

9J5 Baker's Dozen wtth Richard 

9-45 The Armada Revenged. The first 
of six talks on Spain, by Ray 
Gostirtq (r). 

10.00 Nem.Tntamation* Assignment 
BBC correspondents report from 
around the world. 

1030 Morning Story: FaH of a Sparrow 
byGraham Seal. Reader Heather 

10.45 Oaky Service (New Every 
Morning, page 75)t. 

1150 News; Tra^t Workforce. 
Quarterly report on 
unemployment With Brian 

Redhead who looks forward to 
1986. designated Industry Year 

11.40 Natural Selection: Shoals o! 
Shockers. 250 sorts of fish 
produce electric shocks. Terry 
Langford talks about electric 
rays, eels, catfish and snoutfish. 

12.00 News: The Food Programme. 
With Derek Cooper. Whet's to 
come In 1986. 

12 Zt The Never Again Show. Brian 
Johnston looks back on 
Christmas. With Brenda Blethyn. 
Jon Glover and Robert Harley (r). 
1255 Weather. 

150 The World At One: News. 

1.40 ThB Archers. 1J5 Shipping. 

2.00 News; woman's Hour. Indudes 
an inside report on Harto 4's 
long-naming serial The Archers. 
We visit the Pebble Mfl Studios to 
see how yet another episode is 
put together. And Patricia 
Routtedge continues her 
readings from Crompton Hodnet 

6J0 Gomg Places Ora Jacobs looks 
back at 1 985. with excerpts from 
that year's editions of the travel 

750 News 
75S The Archers. 

750 Pick of the W8ek presented by 
Margaret Howard * 

8.20 The Kettenng Connection. 
Twemy.five years ago. two 
teachers at flatten ng Grammar 
School Northamptonshire began 
resorting bleeps from Russian 

satellites Patrick Moore talks 10 

the former head ot physics at the 
school. Geoffrey Perry who 

describes (tow they da t 

8.45 Any Questions? Dr John 
Rangoon Sir Geoffrey Chandler. 
John Prescott. MP and Joan HaU 
tackle issues raised by an 
audience in York. Chairman, John 

9 JO Letter from America, by AUstair 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine. 

Schumanns Erfet's; 
Marzveilchen; Maine Rose: 
Schneegbckchen; Die 
LotosUume: Auftrage: Britten's 
On This island, r 

12.10 Bournemouth SO (under Hurst), 
with kfecha Maisky (cello) Pari 
one Brahms's Academic FesuvaJ 
Overture; Mer&nu's Symphony 
NO 4 *150 News. 

1.05 Concert: pan two. Dvorak's Cello 
Concerto t 

1.45 Hungarian Piano Music Paul 
Seane-Bamea ploys Dohnanyi's 
Rhapsody in C. Op 11 No 3; 
Liszt's En reve; Vellee 
d'Oberman; Dohnanyi's Rurafia 
Hungarica: No 5 and No 2.1 

250 Bach-Abel Concert: JC Bach's 
overture Lurto Sflla and Flute 
Concerto; also Flute Quartet in A 
and Sinforda Concertante in D for 
two flutes, two violins, cello and 
orchestra; D F Abel's Flute 
Quartet in A. Op 12 No 2. also 
Symphony In E flat Op 1* No 2. 
and aria Frena le bene lagrime 

( Si tan). Academy of Ancient 
Music under Hogwood. wtth 
Margaret Cable (mezzo) and 
venous instrumentalists t 

4.00 Choral Evensong- from Abbey 
Church of St Mary the Virgin. 
Tewkesbury AUve 
transmission;* 455 News. 

5.00 Tchaikovsky A Fateful GrtL Final 
programme in David Brown s 
biographical senes, with Mike 
Gwilym as the composer 
Toruoht Symphonic Thought and 

- r r. . 1 

edition oi Stephen Games 's arts 
magazine (r) 

1150 Ema Gaels- performances by the 
pianist Of Five Scarlatti sonatas - 
in D minor. B minor G major. C 
sharp mmo: and A major (Kk Ml, 
27 125. 247 and 533); 
Beethoven's Sonata in E minor. 
Op 90: Scnabm's Sonata No 4 m 
F sharp major: Prokofiev's 
Visions fugitives Nos 1 . 3. 5. 1 1 , 
ID and 7. Sonata No 3 In A 

1157 News. Untfl 1250. 


Radio 2 

News on the hour (except 9.00 pm). 
Haaotmes 5.30am, 6 33. 7jo and 8.30. 
Major bulletins 7.00am, 8.00, 1.00pm. 
5.00. 12 midnight Sports Desks 
1.05pm, 252, 352, 4.02, 5.05, 652, 6.45 
(mf). 9.55. 

by Barbara Pym. 

3.00 News; The Screech Owls (new 
Series] by Honor'd De Balzac, 
dramatized in four parts (1). With 
Anne Louise Lambert and 
Andrew Seear in the cast (r)f. 

4.00 News. 

45S Frank Muir Goes 

Into . . . Success. Frank Muir and 
Alfred Marks skip through some 
comic Warature. 

4 JO Kaleidoscope. Arte magazine, 
presented by Paul Vaughan. 
Another chance to hear last 
night's edition. 

£50 PM: Newsmagazine. 

550 Shipping. 555 Weather. 

650 News; Financial Report 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Vice Verse or 
A Lesson to the Fathers by F. 
Anstey (5). Read by David Davis. 
10J9 Weather. 

10 JO The World Tonight 

11.15 The FnandijJ World Tonight 

11 JO Detve Special. A spoof 

investigation by David Lander. 

12.00 News; Weather, 12J3 Shipping. 
VHF (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
5.55-6 -00am Weather; Travel 
155-2. 00pm Listening Comer. 
Bnen Cant reads Eva and the 
Trapeze Artistes. 

^ Radio 3 ) 

655 Weather. 750 News. 

7.05 Mommg Concert Sebeflus's 
suite Kmg Christian 11 
(Gothenburg SO); Liszt's La 
campaneUa (BoleL piano); 
Stravinsky's Donees (ECO).18-00 

855 Morning Concert (contd): 

Puccini s Intermezzo from Act 3 
of Manon Lescaut (Berlin RSO); 
Glazunov's Barcarolle and 
Novelette (LasBe Howard, piano); 
Shostakovich's Piano Concerto 
No2(Alexeev/ECO); Respighi's 
Brazilian Impressions 
(Ph;5)i>nnonla).tfl50 News. 

955 This Week’s Composer: 

Beethoven. Sonata in G. Op 30 
No 3 (Brainin. vwHn; Crowson, 
piano); Symphony No 7 (RPO).t 

10.00 Robert Meyer Concert London 
Baroque Players/BBC Singers. 
Conductor: Roger Norrington. J S 
Bach's Suite No 4 in D major, 
BWV 1069; Schulz's Magnificat 
SWV 468 (Hirst soprano: Gleave, 
mezzo; Roy. tenor; Whits, 
baritone); Scarlatti's Sonatas in 
E. Kk 380-1 (Woottey. 
harpsichord); Handel's 

Dr John Habgood: on Radio 4 at 

ptusyour legal problems answered by 
Brfl Thomas 1 55pm David Jacobs 2.00 
Anna Ford 3.30 Music all the way 450 
David Hamilton 6.00 John Dunn 8.00 
Friday night is music night direct from 
the Hippodrome. Goiders Green. 

London The guests are singers Loma 
DaBas. Lindsay Benson ana me Gus 
band With the BBC Concert Orchestra 
ana the Stephan Hill Singers introduced 
by Robin Boyle 1 9.1 5 The Organist 

10.00 Tors of Hobiey McDonald Mobley 
recalls his 50 years in entertainment. He 
chats with David Wiumott (a repeat of 
last Sunday s broadcast). 10 JO Kenneth 
Alwyn presenre soma of his favourite 
music (with guest Anthony Roden). 

11.00 Late Night Friday with John 
Hosken. Richard Lewis (and Derek 
Robinson (stereo from mrdnwht). 
1.00am Nick Page presents tviightnde. 
3-00-4.00 A Little Night Music. 

Radio 1 

News on the halt hour trom 6J0 am until 
9 JO pm and at 12 midnight 
6.00am Adrian John 7.30 Mike Read. 
9-30 Simon Bates. 12.30 Newsbaat flan 
Parkinson). 12.45 Gary Davis. 3.00 Paul 
Jordan. 5.30 Newsbaat [Ian Park in son i. 

5.45 Bruno Brookes. 7 JO Andy Peebles. 
1050-1250 The Friday Rock Show with 
Tommy Vance. VHF Radios 1 and 2: 
4.00am As Rarflo 2. 10.00pm As Radio 
1. 12.00-4. 00am As Radio 2. 


SL00 Nfffradesk. 7J» News. 7.09 Twenty-Four 
Hours 7 JO Juke Box Dury 7.45 Merctiam 
Navy Programme LOO Nevis 8.09 Reflectiom. 

8.15 Sounds ol Strings 0 Musk Now 0.00 
News 1.09 Review of Britisft Press. 9.16 The 
World Today 950 Financial News 9.40 Loon 
Aneed 9.45 Poets on FAisic 1050 News. 
1051 Smg Gospel. 10.15 Metcneru Navy 
Programme 10.30 The Money Markets. 1150 
News. 1159 News About Britain 11.15 m The 
Meantime 11-25 A Letter tram Northern 
Ireland. 11.30 Flm Star 1250 Radio Newsreel. 

12.15 Jazz lor the Asking. 12A5 Sports 
Roundup 1.00 News 159 Twenty Pour Hours 
1.30 John PeaL 250 News 251 Outiook. 2.45 
Latwroax. 350 Redo Newsreel. 3.15 Lee 
Maarabias 450 News 4.09 Commentary 4.15 
Soence m Acoon. 4.45 The World Today 550 
News 5JB9 A Letter trom Northern Ire land. 

5.15 Sarah and Company 8.00 News 8.09 
Twenty-Four Hours. 3.15 Mu me Now 9.45 The 
Growmg Pam or Adrian Mole. 10.00 News 
1059 The World Today. 1055 A Letter trom 
Northern Ireland. 1050 Financial Newv 10.40 
Reflections 10.45 Sports Roundup 1150 
News. 1159 Commentary. 11.15 From The 
Weeklies 1150 Beethoven and the Vnim. 
1250 News 1259 News about Britain. 12.15 
Rat5o Newsreel 1250 Aboui Bntam. 1SW5 
Recording en me Week. 150 News. 151 
Oudook. 150 Sing Gospel 1.45 Lonertxx. 
ZOO News 250 Review or British Press. Z15 
Network UK 250 PeooMi and PoHcs 350 
News. 359 News About Bntam. 3.15 The 
World Today 350 Ouafe. Unquote. 450 
Newsdesk. 450 Tint's Tnrd 5.45 The World 

AB times in QUIT 

t Stereo. ★ Black and white ft) Repeat 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m; l089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 893kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92,5; Radio 4: 
200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC 1152kHz/261 m; VHF 97 J; Capital: 1 548kHz/ 1 94m: VHF 95.8; BBC RbkSo London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World 
Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

pop j Wales: 5.35-6JJ0 Wales 
pow 1 Today. BJ5-7 JO Sportlofo. 

1 2.35-12-40 News and weather. 
Scotland: 6J5-7J0 Reporting Scotland. 
Northern Ireland: 5J5-5.40 Today' 5 
Sport 5.40-6J0 Inside Ulster. 6J5-7JQ 
The Fllntstonas. 12J5-1Z.40 News and 
Weather. BJ5-7 JO Regional news 


Search for Wealth. 1 .20-130 News. 3.45 
Scotland the What? 4.15-5.15 Silver 
Broom: Curling. 6J0 Scottish News and 
Scotland Today. 5JO-7.00 Funny You 
Should Say Thai 12.15am Late Cali. 
12J0 Closedown. 




HTV WF*5T M London except 
Northern Ireland: 5J5-5. 40 Today's I - — c m 

Sport 5.40-6J0 Inside Ulster. 6^-7 JO Sean^ tor Weatth. 1 JtMJO News, 6 JO 

News. 6.30-7.00 News Review 1985. 

12,15 Closedown. 

CHANNEL As London except 
unamvci. i2J0pnt’1J)0The 

Search for Wealth. 1J0-1J0 Channel 
News. 3.45-4.15 Glanroe. 6.00 Channel 
Report. 6.30-7.00 Gardening Year. 
12,30am Closedown. 

4.15 Christmas Carol. 6 JO Good 
Evening Ulster. 6J0 SportcasL 6.40- 
7 JO Advice With Anne Hailes. 12.15nn 
Witness. 12J0 News at Bedtime. 

ANCLIA As London except: 
rsisui-ifs y2JOpm-1.00 The Search 
for Wealth. 1 J0-1 JO News. 8.00-7 JO 
About Angfia. 12.15am Music of My Life, 

yomshire EJSSS 

search for wealth. 1 JO-1 JO News. 6J0 
Calendar. BJO-7 JO DifTrant Strokes. 
12.15am That's Hollywood. 12.45 

Snooker: Mercantile credit classia 4J0 
Museum. 4 JO Cadwgan. 5.00 Mica. 5J 
Dire Straits Live. 7.00 Newyddlon Satth. 
7 JO Pobol y Cwm. 8.00 Caryl. 8 JO 
Ceffylau Dur 9 JO Tina Turner. 10J0 
Unknown Chaplin. 11 J5 Comic Strip 
presents Consusia. 12.10am 

CfM Starts 1 JOpm Frame with Davis. 

.yil 2.00 Stori Sbri. 2.15 Inlerval. 2.30 
Snooker: Mercantile credit classia 4J0 . „ , , 

Museum. 4 JO Cadwgan. 5.00 Mica. 5J0 BORDER ifS 

Dire Straits Live. 7.00 Newyddlon Satth. _ — — M ?\ 0 c ^, eajcfl 

7JQ Pobol v Cwm. 8.00 Carvi. 8 Jfl For Wealth. 1.20-1.30 Nbws. 3.45 Young 

For Wealth. 1.20-1.30 Nbws. 3.45 Young 
Doctors. 4.15-5.15 Silver Broom. 6 JO 
Lookaround. 6J0-7.00 Scottish Fiddle 
Orchesta in Concert. 12.15am Nbws, 

HR AN ADA As London except 
unwiiwuH I2j0pm-1.00 The 

Pride Factor. 1JO-1 JO Granada 
Reports News. 3L40 News. 3.45 Young 
Doctors 4.10-4.15 Cartoon 6.00 
Garanda Reports. 6.30-7.00 Cosby 
show. 12.15am Film- In Possession 
(Christopher Casenove). 1-25 

TYNF TFFR As London except: 
ITIMC IECO 92Sam News e 9.30- 

9.50 Fraggle Rock. 1Z30pm-1.00 The 
Search for Wealth. 1 J0-1 JO News and 
Lookaround. 6 JO Northern Life. 6.30- 

7.00 What Would You Do? 11 JO Extra 
Time 12.00 Snooker. 12.45am Three's 
Company. Closedown. 

t\/Q As London except 12.30pm-1.00 
1 The Search tor Wealth. 1.20-1.30 
TVS News. 3.40 News. 3.45-4.15 
Glenroe. 6.00 Coast to Coast. 6J0 
That's What You Think! 1.15am 
Company. Closedown. 

GRAMPIAN As London except 

wwmriMre ^ Rrs{ 9 jg. 

9.50 Fraggle Rock. 12.3Opm-1.O0 The 
Search lor Wealth. 1 J0-1.30 News. 
6J0-7.00 North Tonight 12.15am 
News, Closedown. 


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QUEEN'S 01734 1 1 66. 734 1167. 
734 0261. 734 0120. 439 3849. 43« 
4031 First Cau CC 24 nr 240 7200. 
Grp SUM 930 61 23. EvK Spin. Wed & 



STRAND WC2 Ol 836 

Si 90. Monday FrWai - Ev#ja o 
Mall WM 2 30 6.11 1 630 * 8 30 

A JOY TO BEHOLD Slandarri 




Omsrinmd form ft pswP 

the drop h ptuuMly sm « isrgo Btn 
and Tonic" SunocY 
Diractsd by M** Oohrairt 

. eWW? 1 ! 

•« by Haney FitnUta : 

$1 “qnnflA Nn.V FUNNY" Obs. 

' A new Play W Ronald Harwood 
Directed oy Pnrr Yato 

also on page 2 

- 4 FRIDAY JANUARY 3 1986 

Coal productivity 
at new peak as 
consumption rises 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Productivity in ihc "coal deliveries have taken the figure 
mines 15 at higher levels than to pre-strike levels. 
fln > worded in [he pail five Between last August and 
'ears, and coal consumption is October as deliveries from the 
now greater, than before ihc mines and National Coal Board 
mmers strike, the Depart men i stocks resumed, the use of UK- 
oi Energy repons. produced coal was 93.4 per cent 

Energy repons. produced coal was 93.4 per cent 

~ . . . .. , higher than in the same period 

Output a man-shitl in the i n 

mines during last October Although the use of nuclear- 

• , m. k, . IlhllUUUI LI>U UJIi Ul IIULiMU 

averaged j:. b tonnes com- Gcncra i«i electricity remains 

EE" W ! ! 0 h U n"Tu IO ? nCS 3 maT l’ high, at 1 1 per cent of the total, 
shill in 1980 The department s lhc cn d 0 r the miners’ strike is 
1 1 cures also show that stocks at reflected in the use of oil during 
the j^wer stations arc being Ihc third quarter of last year: 
rebuilt wuh ,4.4 million tonnes deliveries of heavv fuel oi! fell 
m stock at the end of October by 72.4 per cent, although over 
compared «ii h 15.4 million all North Sea crude production 
tonnes at the start of last wmicr rosc by 2 per cent to 30.5 

when the miners strike was at million* tonnes from August to 

ns height. October. 

Official coal stocks arc still In the quarter under review 
short of ihc 31 million lonncs the overall use of electricity rose 

held at power stations before hv 2.4 per eenu while the use of 
•he miners' strike, but recent gas fell by 2 percent. 

President I Journalists 

passes his 
screen test 

Continued from page 1 

"One gentleman didn’t want to 
sec a Russian on his TV. He 
said if he wanted to see a 
Russian he would buy a 
Russian TV.“ 

On (he whole, however, 
reaction to the broadcast, 
carried by all three main 
networks. »as favourable. 
Most people welcomed Mr 
Gorbachov's emphasis on 
peace and dialogue. Passengers 
interviewed after watching the 
broadcast at Chicago airport 
praised the tone of his remarks, 
which were sob-titled and also 
had a voice-over translation. 

The broadcast had been 
lidely publicized. Immediately , 
after it, television stations 
showed President Reagan's 
address to the the Russians, 
and viewers were struck by the 
difference in style and setting. 
Most thought Mr Gorbachov 
was restrained by comparison, 
though many praised Mr 
Reagan for his smiling infor- 
mality and for speaking 
directly about human rights 
and issues of arms control. 

Today’s events 

-New exhibitions 

The Vaughan Bequest of draw- 
ings and watercolours by J M W 
Turner. National Gallery of Scot- 
land. The Mound. Edinburgh; Mon 
io Sal 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Jan 
31 1. 

The Spmt of Japan - photo- 
graphs: LMster University, York St. 
Belfast; Mon to Fri 9.30 to S tends 
Jan lb). 

•Vork by Rodent: O'Conor ( 1 860- 
1940): Ulster Museum. Botanic 
Gardens. Belfast; Mon Io Fri 10 to 
5. Sal 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 fends Jan 

Paintings by Tom Kerr Joy 
Clements and Wilfred Haughton: 
Malone Gallery . 31 Malone Rd. 
Belfast; Mon to S3t 9.30 to 5 (ends 
Jan 31). 

Insh. British and Continental 

by BBC 

Continued from page 1 

which represented them. Mr 
John Foster, broadcasting orga- 
nizer for the NUJ. Mr Martin 
Young and Mr Hill had "always 
acted from an intense desire to 
see justice done. 

“The NUJ is aware of the 
political pressure on the BBC in 
this matter and the union 
remains vigilant to ensure that 
the corporation's journalistic 
output, especially in the field of 
investigative journalism, will 
not be damaged or jeopardized 
by this political pressure or this 
harsh decision”, he said. • 

A senior BBC figure said that 
the case against the two men 
had been sealed by their 
decision to give the Court of 
Appeal transcripts of their 
interviews with Miss Fitzpa- 

“There was some hard 
questioning on the tapes, but 
nothing compared to what vou 
might expect from Fleet Street, 
and no newspaper reporter 
would give a judge a verbatim 
transcript of his interviews in a 
ease like this. 

artists: Magee Gallery. 455 Ormcau 
Rd. Belfast: Mon to Sal 9 to 5 (ends 
Jan 31 1. 

Exhibitions in progress 
Constructed Images: Ramsgate 
Library Gallery. Guildford Lawn: 
Mon to Wed 9.30io 5. Fri 9.30 io 8 
lends Jan 18). 

Thistles - natural history of the 
thistle together with legends associ- 
ated with thistles: Merseyside 
County Museum. William Brown 
St. Liverpool: Mon to Sal 10 to 5. 
Sun 2 to 5. (ends Jan 5). 

Designs for Dance - work by- 
Charles Spencer Havant Museum. 
EastSu Tucs to Sat 10 to 5 (ends Jan 

Game and the English Landscape: 
Willis Museum. Market Sq. 
Basingstoke: Tues to Fri 1 0 to 5. Sal 
10 to 4 (ends Jan 4). 

Harveys History of Wine Collec- 
tion: City Museum and Art Gallery. 
Bethesda St Hanley. Slokc-on- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,934 

















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The South African connection: clockwise from top left, Martyrt Moxon, Kim Barnett, Chris 
Smith and Bill Athey. who are all objected to by the Bangladeshi Government. 

Bangladesh stops tour Contractor to 
by English cricketers j^ t 

Continued from page 1 desh Cricket Board as it is to The Marine Branch of the 

Assuming Sri Lanka are not US C. „ ~ Royal Air Force is to be 

prevailed upon to follow Ban- D . r , he . disbanded and its operations 

gladesh, the England team may J™** laken over a P rivale 

Sow extend the time thev spend decision of the _ Bangladesh contractor, 
there and then go on to either ^ r0 J enuileot was nnreasona * > * The branch, which has 
India or Pakistan if they do not ^ c . - „ bm _ . - existed for 68 years, operates 
go to Zimbabwe. ^5 Sn kj”** P* 11 of J} e about 20 launches, support craft 

tow w expected to go on. Mr and other vessels, and has about 
Peter Lush, the tour man- Lush said: “We have already 150 officers and men. It was 
ager. said: “The players are been in touch with Sri Lanka active al Dunkirk and at the 
completely stnnned and disap- and they have assnred us that D-Dav landings in Normandy 
pointed because this has come the team originally selected will ln ' h __ 

- =■ >»'• «»> ° r invSlvS*!!} S 

sure it » as much of a surprise hopeful about the Zimbabwe in ^ Q f torpedoes and 

to the president of the Bangla- phase going ahead. buovs ! 

Continued from page 1 

Assuming Sri Lanka are not 
prevailed upon to follow Ban- 
gladesh, the England team may- 
now extend the time they spend 
there and then go on to either 
India or Pakistan if they do not 
go to Zimbabwe. 

Peter Lush, the tour man- 
ager. said: “The players are 
completely stunned and disap- 
pointed because this has come 
as a bolt out of the blue. I am 
sure it is as much of a surprise 
to the president of the Bangla- 

desh Cricket Board as it is to 

The Sports Minister, 
Richard Tracey, said the 
decision of the Bangladesh 
Government was “unreasonab- 

The Sri t-anba part of the 
tonr is expected to go on. Mr 
Lush said: “We have already 
been in touch with Sri Lanka 
and they have assured us that 
the team originally selected will 
be made welcome. We are still 
hopeful about the Zimbabwe 
phase going ahead.” 

by West 

Continued from page 1 
acts of terrorism and subver- 
sion. i’S military" strength . was 
relatively puny. 

Although Libya had pur- 
chased substantial quantities of 
Soviet-made equipment in re- 
cent years, including a squadron 
of Tu22 “Blinder** bombers and 
a substantial number of Mig23 
and Su20/22 “Fitter” ground 
attack aircraft, much of it was 
pooriv maintained. 

The qtialitv of Libyan pilots 
was also not good, as was seen 
when two Libyan aircraft were 
downed by American jets over 
the Gulf of Sirte in August 

At his press conference 
Colonel.Gadaffi called Israel a 
“terrorist camp that should be 
completely abolished”. ■ 

When asked about President 
Reagan’s statement that Colo- 
nel Gadaffi was “the most 
dangerous man in the world 

-who aims at the starting of a 

third world war”, the Libyan 
leader commented: “There is no 
man in this era more mad or 
stupid or more irresponsible 
than Reagan and the Israelis.” 

He avoided questions about 
his alleged support for Abu 
Nidai. but stated: “The world 
must realize that there are a . 
billon Abu Nidals among the 
Palestinian people.” 

Spain has expelled three 
Libyans, including two diplo- 
mats. who were suspected of 
plotting a guerrilla attack, the 
Spanish Government con- 
firmed yesterday. 

The expulsions occurred 
before Christinas, but were not 
made public in order to prevent 
a further deterioration in. the 
already tease relations between 
the two countries. 

Two suspected Arab terror- 
ists. arrested after being tailed 
from Brussesl airport to a large 
arms and explosives cache, are 
to appear before a Belgian court 
today. A spokesman denied that 
they were Libyans. 

• Washington: The Reagan 
Administration last night con- 
demned Colonel GadafS’s 
warning. “We particularly 
abhor GadaflTs making excuses 
for the indiscriminate slaughter 
of innocent men. women and 
children . . . beyond this, we 
will not dignify his remarks”, 
the State Department said." 

Hilton briefing. Pentagon 
reprisal targets, page 4 


Trent: Mon to Sal 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Feb 9). 

Last chance to see 
Willi GiUi paintings: Arts Council 
Gallery. Bedford Si. Belfast. 1 0 to 6. 


Concert by the Halle Orchestra. 
Hull City Hall. 7.30. 


Prim your own picture: Royal 
Albert Memorial Museum. Queen 
Sl Exeter, 10 to I (ends tomorrow). 

32nd London International Boat 
Show; Earls Court Exhibition 
Centre. Warwick Rd. SW5: Mon to 
Fri 10 to 8. Sat and Sun 10 to 7; 
admission £6.50 today, under i4’s 
£3.00. thereafter £3.20. under 14s 
£1.60 lends Jan 12). 

Food prices 

Top films 

The top box-office f3ms in London: 

1 (1) Bach to the Future 

2 (3) Santa Claus: The Mono 

3 (2) Legend 

4 (4j My Beautiful Laundrene 

5 (5) Letter to Brezhnev 

6 (7j Prixa s Honour 

7 (5) Plenty 

8 f-| The Black Cauldron 

9 (-) King Solomon's Mine* 
to 18) TheGoenies 

The top films fn the province*: 

1 Santa Cats-. The Movie 

2 Back to the Future 

3 The Stack Cauldron 

4 Legend 

5 Lenar to Brezhnev 
Corprtec py Sow tm em e ccra * 

Top video rentals 

Top ton Videos for1985 

1 Police Academy 

2 Trading Races 

3 The Evil that Men Do 

4 Sudden Impact 

5 Educating R.-» 

6 Tigrercpe 

7 Romancing the Store 

8 The Empire Strikes Ba> 

9 Conan. The Destroyer 

10 Toose 

SucpOad by Vutoo 


The food supermarkets seem to 
have fewer special offers than usual, 
unlike the department stores where 
cut price sales of durable goods are 
in Tull swing, in fact, some of ihc 
best buys are to be found in the food 
halls of the big stores. An exception 
is Be jam. which has leg of New 
Zealand lamb at 99p a lb. boneless 
pork shoulder roast at £1.19 and 
beef topside, and top rump at £1 .98: 
also, roasting chicken al 44p a lb, 
five pound packs of chicken 
portions for £2.99. 

Convenience foods often provide 
ihe answer for parents with 
srhoolzhikhm still on holiday. 
Bejam again have cod fillet fish 
I fingers a\ £3.95 for a packet of 60. 

I and Birds Eye beefburgers at £2.79 
! for 20. Sainsbury are offering packs 
of large sausages at 6Sp a lb. 

Fish supplies are restricted due to 
a combination of holidays and bad 
w-zatker. Ports in Scotland are still 
e'eszd and. although Billingsgate 
Market reopens today, shortages are 
likely to persist until next week. 

Many favourite vegetables and 
fruit arc more expensive this week, 
partly as a result of the cold weather. 
Examples include carrots at 12-i8p 
a ib. Calabrese 75p-£l. Brussels 
sprouts. 35-45p. cauliflower 60-8Qp 
each, parsnips 20-30p and swedes 
iO-!*p a lb. although all these are 
still good buys. Home grown ] 
potatoes, whites and reds at 8-IOpa 
!b and King Edwards at 10-I2p. are; 
cossistcnt in price quality. 

Mushrooms arc a best buy at 30- 
40p j half pound, and for salads. 
Chinese leaves, unchanged 21 20- 
?6p a lb, round lettuce 30-40p each. 
jr.d tomatoes 45-75p a lb. 

Bramtey apples are as usual, good 
quality, although slightly up in price 
a: KMOp a- lb. The best citrus fruit 
are grapefruit from 1 5-35p each 
depending on size, oranges. 7p-28p 
zac-h- 'satsu mas down to between 25- 
32p a 2b. Clementines 2 0-45 p a lb. 
and Kiwifnut J8-28peach. 

Cheque cards 


The Midlands: M5: Roadworks 
should cease over the holiday period 
until Monday January 6: still only- 
one lane N and two lanes S in a 
conirallow betwee n junctions 4 
(Lydiate Ash) and 5 (Rashwoood). 

Wales and West M4: Lane 
restrictions between junctions 22 
and 24 (Chepstow to Newport). 
Gwent A 30: Temporary lights at 
various locations between Lifton 
and Okehampioo. A3 38: Long term 
roadworks on the Salisbury to 
Fordingbridge road at Bodenham. 

The North: M6X: Blacow Bridge 
(junction M6I/M6): Construction 
of new motorway link on M6I at 
Walton Summit; left hand lane' 
closuxv^n both N and southbound 
carriages ys Ml 80: Contraflow 
between junction 3 (Ml 89/M 181) 
and junction 4 (Ermine St inter- 
change!. Scunthorpe. Humberside. 
Afc Resurfacing work at Kirkland in 
KcndaL Cumbria. 

Scotland: MS: Surface repairs W 
of juncuon 5 (Shorn. Harthill) on 
cast bound cariageway. M73: Out- 
side lane dosed at junction 2 
(Glasgow), northbound link to M8: 
lighting maintenance. City of 
Aberdeen, A93: Gas main instal- 
lation W of Culls; single lane traffic 
and ermponuy lights 

lofonitathm supplied by the AA 



A ridge of 'high pressure will 
move into W Britain. 

6am to midnight 

i .« m m 

P«dMo - how to play 

Uoraty-Sacrtty/accrd your arty PortfoSo 

Add ff me toomner ra onemm your 
Wi efcfr t W OBOI CM L 

If four ton) omnes th» pcb&Vwd xnwkty 
dwdKtf figuni yai larv* won outr^nt or a 
share of tfw prua rawy satM far ft*) weak, 
wd ws u**iT your pnzo as wouctad twtow. 


T o top b Ono The Ton f oitfoto Mm >m 
K 5*-33Z77 between 1O00 am and 130 n. 
on ne day your o wed Mai metcttes Tbe 
Home Pam IMdand. No cteene can be 
> m ■men.nieeili ibne fmiiro . . 

y*i mcdirwrm your care wrm you wtian you 
rt’tr*— n 

g» te auamta'Mqeara someone He 

ear. dam on ycur btM’f tar. they muet tot* 
your art erd ca9 Use TnuarWaaoto daons 
Ww between me eopubeed times. 

NornpansMOry on be accepted lor fate* 
to centeer the daues oir^e tor any •vesen 
■newrtne elated noun 
P*e abme mspuctfons ere appkasie to 
bom deiy era! weeUy *ndmaa dm. 

• Some Tmet PerVtto cards tndaso minor 
iiwprytt* «.»e irrsaucaone on the reran* 
earn Theae sards am not KwaSdeted 

• c* fW" 2 and 3 nas been 
c^andad bornearter mm forobnScaScn 
purpoees. The Game oea g not affect and 

★★★*** VlTS% p »Wishcd F785 

Letter from Bombay 


The average Bom bay-wall ah 
has been secretly enjoying ihe 
spectacle of the very rich being 
brought to jail by the tax 
inspectors. There is a big blitz 
. on at present and the 84-year- 
old chief of one of the biggest 
con^omerates, Mr Kirioskar - 
whose posters boast “quality 
and retiabflity 7 ’ has found 
himself hauled off lb' the cells. 
The only feeling of pubuc 

regret is that the -Government 
should have chosen such a 
noted supporter of. the oppo- 
sition Janata Party for one of 
its first big scapegoats. . 

The rest of the small _fry of 
Bombay are busy making their 
own money the best they can. 
There . has been quite a 
bonanza for. them , on the stock 
exchange just recently. Mr.and 
Mrs Small-Fry have been - to 
judge by all reports. - puDing 
their life savings of four or five 
thousand, rupees (£250) out of 
the bank and having a flutter, 
with the stocks and shares. 
They are aO making a bit of. 
money, though the Cassandras 
predict that it is a bubble that 
will burst before long; and Mr 
and Mrs Small-Fry- will get ' 

The wife of a ' friend fn 
Bombay has .had to give up 
school-teaching to look' .after 
her small family, and instead 
is playing the market some- 
thing she can do alone at. 
home, with her telephone and 
the daily papers. She has been 
making . a steady income of 
1,000 rupees a month." her 
husband boasts, which is what 
she might have made as a 

A year ago . a magazine 
journalist had to teach his 
young woman assistant how to 
open a bank account, and how 
to write a cheque. Today she is 
cheerfully filling forms of 
applications for share' issues 
like an expert New issues are . 
regularly over-subscribed at 
present^ and investors are 
virtually certain to make a 
good, profit on any allocation 
they get. 

Eight months ago a. new 
weekly newspaper was', 
launched, called Money. u Jt 
gives very good share tips.” 
said a man in the corner at a 
party, who had uot said much 
until then. “I have reason to 
believe that its information is 
Very goodi People > make - a 
good profit with iL“ . ' 

a lot of the growth in 
activity in the Bombay Stock 
. Exchange has corneas a result 
of relaxed rules for investment 
by non-resident Indians,--who 
patriotically .wish tp send their 
foreign ‘ earnings back home 
Much of it also comes, h must 
be said, from; the black 

At the far end of the. 


evaders and business barons 
the poor pavemenr-dwelfere 
also find tbeinsrfves: suffering 
the attentions : of the auth- 
orities. • ••• .. iy!. .-. . 

The 1 phrase paVeniemriii^. 
Icr has come :tO;'m<ah : . no i 
simply . those whp";sInonded 
like corpses lie ■ apparently 
lifeless across the pavem en ts 
in - the hean.of the aty at night 
but those whose permanent 
i merest in a few 'flag stones 
encourages them to build 
some kind of shelter over 
them. ..and start raisin g 4 
family there. 

Five years ago the pave- 
ment shanties had got to such 

a levri-thatan activ^mimstec, 

determined to do sonicihiog 
about them. -dismantied- ihe 
disfiguring shaclks, threw 
inhabitants' belonging on to a 
rubbish dump and .started 
carting the squatters, off in 
busloads back to -the viSages 
they had come from.' 

There was an butery-ai, this 
hcartlessness, and a number of 
liberally-minded ;pebple pro- 
tested 10 the courts that this 
was. a terrible infiingoneht of 
people's liberties. One jo urnal . 
*i k Mrs Olga Tcllis, petitioned 
the Supreme ... Court; "and 
obtained ah -injunction: dr. 
venting further demotitions 
until the case could be; heard 
infuIL • ; : ; 

The case has now "been 
heard, and the Supreme Court 
has dehvered its: vodiet the 
demolitions can; go aheacL Mr 
Bal Thackeray, the, 'fo under 
and leader of the fljndu 
chauvinist; “Shiv Sena” party 
who recently cap hired control 
of the munjpi^I^ corptiratioii 
said: “Our job istasee that we 
keep The city dt^^Paycments 
are meant^ pedestrians not 
hutments.**. 1.- H * : 

- The demolition!; are about 
to start again. ‘ = 

; Michael pabi^n 

TODAY ftiam b shown in mBIiban HTOM1S Warn 

Lighting- up time 

_ Lonoaa 4 34 pm to 7 36 am 

^ 1 Mwrwto *3Zpmto?A5sm 

PsnxsncaS B2pn>K>rsi am 













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