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There is £22,000 to be wen in 
J*e Times PtetfoSe compe* 
titio** today: the £20.000 
weekly prize and the daily 

£ 2,000 prize. Yesterday's 
£2,080 was : woh By.. Mb 
Caosebrook of Borekunwpod. 

5S& liit^ page 12 ; 

week's price changes, 
WljafonimtWBSerTk*, ■ = - 

ifg ngiiR 

as US increases 
pressure on Libyi 

. By Nk&oIasAshford, Diplomatic Correspondent 




J 3 i 1 {• J > . 

Bankxaid claim 

robbery at her own hank -and 
-was . later awarded: : ~ £1,750 
compensation for her ordeal 
during the raid, the prosecu ti on 
alleged at St Albans. Crown 
Court . • Page 3 

Gartcosh March 

Scottish steelworioers left &tert- 
cosh steel plant- in Lanarkshire 
on a 450-nule man* tp London 
in protest at the jrianned Closure 
of the works Place 2 

The. Reagan- Adw w w fo rft t io n 
yesterday increased sharply ils 
campaign ..of- psychological 
pressure against Labya, which it' 
has, accused of being behindlast 
week’s temmstattacksatRome 
and Vienn a a p peal s: -■ •-.* 

task face led by the 
aircraft "easier GoraI~S«Cset 
sad fromftshase fe Napfer in 
the direction of- the "Libyan 
toast, while in Washington' 
senioroffioalfi said they 'were: 
■studying options: 1 tor possible 
kn2itaiy retaliation- ■ : 

-. At the same time die US 
again urged its European allies, 
which have-hfeen the focos of a 
spate, of recent Arab terrorist 
att acks,- to impose' poStfcal and 
ifmnrirr^i^ sanctions - against 

At toe United Nations, Libya 
denied vigorously that it had 
been-invedved-eitoer direct^ or' 

| indirectly in toe - December 27 
attacks m . Rome and Vienna, 
believed to have been carried the Libyan-backed Abu 
Nidal group. . '. : . , . 

Hi' a letter to Sefior Javier • 
Pfiftz - de . Cufiiar, ; the UN 
Secretary-General, Mr AH Trti- 
ki, .toe Libyan Foreign Minister, 
vigorously ' .condemned the . at- 
tacks^ which be . described, as 
"deplorable .blood outrages”." 

- U& accused iheUS and Israel, 
which Tiaiis '. also threatened 
retaliatory action^ of using toe: 
tenpristraddenla as a pretext ; 
fin* aggression. • — * 

. Echoing toe sentiments of 
Colonel Gadaffi, ' toe Libyan 
leader, at a press conference 
earlier in the week, he said that 
any attack against . Libya would 
have “dangerous remits” for 
international peace and secur- 

Libya’s stand was su p por te d 
yesterday, by Iran, which prom- 
ised "unsparing support” for 
Libya in toe event of a “foreign 
invasion”*. • ... 

It is- sun too early to say 
whether US and Israeli threats 
of reverse strikes will be carried 
out It is Bkdy, however,: that 
ihe US wiQ avoid joint action 
with Israel, as it will not wish to 
alienate Arab countries. 

- The Pentagon is -also con- 
scious of toe - Hangar military 
action might have to the lives of 
some 1,500 US citizens living in 

There is no doubt however, 
that Washington Win use toe 
hirport JrilHngs as a lever to 
persuade Eur ope an countries to 
sever trade and political links 
with the Gaddafi regime. 

'■ Britain- eat relations with 
Libya -two years ago, but has 
refused economic sanctions on 
the ground - that they are 
ineffective. About 5,000 Britons 

live in Libya. - 

Other European countries 
.retain p olitical and 

economic ties: with Libya which 
they would be most unwilling to 
sever . despite mounting eyi- 

5Jf “ 


A group of Nigerian officers 
held on coop plot charges were 
killed when a plant- bringing 
them to Lagos^fesfeed; at 
Kaduna on NwrYtart Eve. the 
Nigerian Government an- 
nounced. The ptare'ww .-*■ 
presidential jet .. 

Year of hope ; ; 

Despite setbacks- in the. City, in 
1985, the experts reveal expec- 
tations for the investor of- a 
bullish New Year for Britain 
F amil y Money, pages L4-18 

Heysel switch 

Three- of .toe. senior, police 
officers In charge of security 
during toe Heysel fbbfeaH 
stadium riots, last year Jrewe 
been re moved from actiyeduty 
• . L^ge.5 

tanrho closure 

Mr RoIand **Tihy” Rb^&^Ts 
Lonrho has closed its azrfrctfchf 
subsidiary, Tradewinds,- hlantr 
ing the Governmeitf:for?' its 
inability to operate ~ toe -Qen&e 
pany profitably. . ■ f- FfegejJl 

I J * ulPTu fl R 1 1 

Dreg abuse increased f-a^onnd' 
the world last y earj de spite 
tough . ootmtervmeasuresu ' ' is - 
many countries, according, id 
the International Narcotics 
Control Board’s annual report 

250 lose jobs v 

Commodore International, .toe 
American home computer 
company, has closed "its pro-- 
duction Uses in Corby, Nor-, 
thaxn ptonshire, . making- . 250 - 
people redundant: R«ge3 

Farley puzzle 

Scientists fear theypiay never 
: find toe source of the salmon- i 
rlla infection- al the Farley baby., 
food factory Fage3 

India hit 600, 

Three batsmen scored centuries . 
<ss India amassed a total of 600 : 
for four wickets declared against ' 
.Australia in- toe third and final 
'Lest at Sydney Page 19 



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dence of Libyan support for 

For instance, West Germany 
yesterday .refected US calls for 
sanctions as inappropriate, even 
though.a Bonn spokesman said 
there was substantial evidence 
feat Libya was behind last 
week’s attacks. 

Farther evidence of Tripoli’s 
involvement in terrorist activi- 
ties. has emerged is Spain, 
where three Libyans have been 
expelled for what was euphe- 
mistically described as “matters 
relating to Palestinian ques- 

The Athens government has 
come under criticism for allow- 
ing the eight free. Opposition 
antics claiming h was trying to ' 
protect its relations with the 

In Rome the Cabinet yester- 1 
day approved a Bill aimed at 1 
tightening security control in 
tire wake of the airport attacks. 

Tourists intending to stay 
more than 30 days wiH have to 
report to police within three 
days of arrival. 

In Brussels two suspected 
Arab terrorists arrested on 
Monday were charged yesterday 
with forming a “criminal 
association” with the intention 
of “attacking persons and 
pr op erty”.. They were remand- 

Iran raises tension, US weighs 
options, page 4 

2,800 jobs 
from boat 

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I ’ " By ^Rodney. Cotit on 

; - Defence Correspondent 
- The . f orders , for submarines 
and-- torpedoes: worth about 
£900m axmomeed^csterday by 
fho Ministry jg. Defence, are - 
, expected io create about 2J800 
aewjbbk. • ■ •; I 

The ministry also expects to 
: achieve savings , of more than 
.£70 million on these contracts 
: through its nse of new competi- 
■ five pOEcies. ' 

' , The orders were announced 
by Mr. Norman Lament, 
Minister -of- State for Defence 
P r oc ureme nt.. As forecast, in 
The Times yesterday toe con-, 
tracts 'are for toe construction 
of tteree di esel -pow e red Type 
2400 Upholder dass nzbniar- 
mes, one nndeaFpowered Tra- 
hlgir .dsss htmOr-kiner sub- 
marine, and for the main 
production order for the Sting- 
ray anti-submarine light tor- 
pedo. • 

- All the submarines have 
been, ordered, hum Vickers 
£aripbmldnig. and. Engineering 
XVSELp gronp. Work on toe; 
ftrst, aaf - ton -dfesdb-pvwered 
vessds .w91 start this month at 
CanrimB - Laird shipyard on 
Merseysde, whkJris assbskti- 
ary irfV^ckers. 

-Tto. company said that it 
futeude i d to b^d' toe second 
.imdtiuni of the submarines 
CamiacH Laird. ■ A 
piiiafetsrnHr amount of work : 
Tiiii iito rr nrlr -nniilff however,, 
be' carried out at Vickers’ main 
yard ~ teT Barnm-in-Fnrneiss. ; 
The - ne r Unr -powCTtd sobnakr- 
hie. iPtrid aim be constructed 

'Vickers estimates that the 
die& - srimariaes would pro- 
vide weak for six years and 

: Continued on back page, col 5’ 

V. . 

Cricket officials await reactions on ban 

! EngHsh. cricket authorities 
.wret^stifl rating- to;hear last 
night wtetfaex there were to be 
fOrfeer - rejpercusnons Around 
toe- writid - following Bangfo- 
cfesh’s -decision to ban four 
Biriand B players with South 
Afiican connecticHis (Richard 
-Streeton writes).. ' ; - . - 
- ‘ A-Government decision from 

Harare is expected eaxly next 
week -about tire E ngland B 
Team’s scheduled visit to Zim- 
babwe in Febnxaiy and March." 
— Reaction^ to Bangladesh’s 
action -from Caribbean coun- 
tries, -where toe -full -England 
side start a tour later- this 

-month, . is also. : anxiously 
awaited. . 

The Foreign Office, con- 
scious that sport and politics 
never . mix, spent much of 
yesterday avoiding suggestions 
that .the. Government . should 
Intervene ra n dispute which is 
threatening to split the cricket 
‘world. . 

Mr John Carlisle, Conserva- 
tive. MP for Luton 'North arid 
chairman of his party’s Parlia- 
mentary sports , , committee, 
uigcd-Sir Gfeoffiey Howe; tire 
Foreign Secretaiy, to obtain 
assurances that Eland’s West 
Indies tour should not suffer an 

eleventh hour cancellation like 
the Bangladesh tour- - 

, The Foreign .Office response 
was that the Government did 
not intend to get involved in 
talks on this issue. This is a 
matter for the cricket auth- 
orities,” a spokesman sahL; 

The England B Team are still 
visiting Sri Lanka forJrve weeks 
and leave ■ London next Wed- 
nesday. An additional three-day 
game has been arranged for 
them in Colombo. > 

Leading artide, page 9 
Internationalreactions, page 10 

Mr John EatwelL, who 

.. helped devise strategy 

.c . 

party’s-central economic objec- 

■ MrKinnock, who wiU launch 
the campaigu in a major speec h 
to'- the Industrial Society ' on 
January 20, is understood to 
take the view that Labour has to 
concentrate on defining its 
econOrtiic-and 1 industrial policy, 
rather than allowing 'issues like 
the continuing divisions . over 
Liverpool to dominate public 
and media attention. 

The four Opposition spokes- 
men who will launch . the 
campaign- will be blunt in saying 
that the strength of a -manufao- 
turing'base will depend on an 
accelerating increase in* pro- 
ductivity, and that a rapid 
increase in employment will not 
necessarily be an immediate 
result. _ 

The four,- besides Mr’ Kin- 


Soow reported 2* 

Pfovisionftl Sim FeSa has 
n om inate d Mr Owen Carroa, 
'toe fanner MP for Fermanagh 
and South Tyrone, to ^ht tois 
month J s '&y-ekction . frbin his 
prispncdL . . 

: ' Mr Canrdii, who wai fee 
ahstentionist MP for Eerma- 
nagh from. 1981,-83, wasiTe- 
fitted boil on Monday on sn 
arms charge and is bang held 
id custody moB fag ttfo L He is 
■neensed ,<rf ficssesdng a . rifle, 
astinsnifem ; and ' hdormatien 
.useful to terrorists, fofeje;l*nm 
otn, IJpR fcandheck, Mkmiag . 
arrest after a carefase near 

the binder vfllage hf Bdcoo oa 
December 19* . 

Two applications for bail 
have'.faUed aid he is-ifeely to 
rpmflin in custody awaitihg-trial 
aatfi well after pofimg day, 
January ,23.' Warrants fin the 
- by-elections,' caused -by ’ toe 
resignation of 15 UnSonSst'MPs 
■ m- protest at toe Anglo-Irish 
Agreement; were rignep by Mr 
Bernard WctheraH, tire Speak.- 
er» atWestntinstcr yesteday. 

. Me Carron was elected to 
^ Westminster' at toe h^Eht et 
fee - 1981 hunger strike xriSs, 
after leafesg the camjai^r m 
srqtport of Mr Bobby Mrids. 

. the tost hungeMdriker. to die, 
^ who was' elected -MP for tire 
constituency white on Ms fatal 
fast ‘ ■ 

■In line with Provisional Sinn 
Fein's policy of abstention, Mr 
. Canon never took np his 
.Westminster- seat, and was 

’ ousted in toe 1983 election by 
• Mr Ken Magmnis, : toe outgo- 

. mg Official ■ Unbnist_ MP, 
.against whom he.wiD again be 
. ronnir^. Mr M agnate- is his 
party's security sp oke sman aid 
. a former headmaster and part 
-timemajor in toe.UDB. 

With an-SDLP -candidate, 
Mr Adstoi Cone, also in toe 

field, the auti-UBionist vote in 
, tire predominantly ; Catholic 
constitneacy, which tradition- 
ally records tire UK’s highest 
poll turnout -88J» per cent last 
time - b Hkeiy to be split with 
Mr M^imis xetorned on a 
minority vote- 

' An- SDLP spokesman said 
. yesterday . his party, was toe 
only one-fighting in foil support 
at the Anglo-Irish agreement 
against , the . partnership of 
Ofecial Unionists and Pro- 
visional Sinn Fein, who were 
trying to smash it. 

Unionists fall out, page 2 

' Leading article, page 9 

Labour leaders will empha- 
size that rapid technological 
change, assisted if necessary by 
government, is needed if these 
industries are to bold their own 
against Far Eastern compe- 

The speeches will also em- 
phasize in a direct reference to 
interest rates that the lending 
sector must be able to offer 
“capital at prices that industry 
can afford”, and that exchange 
controls must be introduced 
which will ensure that an 
“export-promoting pound” - in 
other words a sterling level 
which makes Britain a competi- 
tive exporter. 

Unemployment politics, page 2 

Britons retain 
posts on 

EEC co mmis sion 

The two British EEC com- 
missioners.-Lord Cockfield and 
Mr Stanley Clinton Davis 
successfully fought off attempts 
to reduce their responsibilities 
in the new commission which 
gives newcomers Spain and 
Portugal control of social 
affairs, fomnraa 1 instruments, 
and fisheries. 

Mr Clinton Davis retained 
both the environment portfolios 
despite rumours that transport 
would go to Madrid. 

- FbD report, page 4 

4‘M fc 4 

E ll - J J 

A skier's view of Innsbruck hr Austria daring practice at 
the Betg Is! site for today's ski-jumping event there in the 
World Clip series 

Labour to pin hopes 
on manufacturing 

By Donald MacIntyre, Labour Editor 

The Labour Party leader Mr are Mr Roy Hattersley, 

Neil. Kinpock will this month shadow Omnceflor^ Mr John 
spearhead" a co-ordinated effort Smith, industry spokesman, 
by . senior members of the and Mr John Prescott, employ- 
shadow Cabinet to convince the ment spokesman. They will 
electorate that it offers the best ar S ue that moves to reverse the 
chance of regenerating the decline in manufacturing are 
■British economy by restoring essential to prevent balance of 
the country’s manufacturing payments problems which 
base. would otherwise frustrate ef- 

The -campaign, twt^narn M forts to create jobs. 

*Eaity_ of Production”, is seen The initiative for the cam- 
pyxa boy- leaders as setting the p signing speeches has come 
agenda before the general from the leader's own office and 
election by de fin i n g the recov- Mr John Eatwell, Mr Kinnock's 
ery of manufacturing as the new economic adviser, is 

understood to have played a 
prominent role. 

The speeches will emphasize 
;j > that the Government’s concen- 
vj tration of the service industries, 
including those dependent on 
tourism, does nothing t.o pre- 
'3 vent the growth of imports, 
which Labour wiD argue threat- 
ens the balance of payments. 

Mr Kinnock is expected to go 
all out to associate the party 
wife rapid technological change, 
not only in the so' called “high 
tech” industries tike semi-con- 
ductors - which the party 
believes are unlikely to produce 
h fean. some 60,000 jobs 

.. helped devise strategy between now and 1990 - but. 

s' .'. '-. also in traditional industries 

party’s. central -economic objeo- like textiles, where some 
live.’ ! 300,000 jobs have been lost 

MrKinnock, who wiH launch since 1979. 

plunge by 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Britain's gold and foreign 
currency r eserves recorded toe 
biggest fan for three years last 
month, as the Bank of England 
acted to stop the pound from 

The underlying drop' in 
reserves of $416 Bullion (£289 
million) was tire sixth monthly 
fall in a row and bi gg est since 
December, 1982. 

No official explanation was 
provided, however, it is known 
that the Bank of England 
stepped in to prop op the pound 
in the aftermath of toe meeting 
of the Organization of Pet- 
roleum Exporting Countries’ 
meeting in Geneva on Decem- 

OPEC's decision to raise 
output at the expense of lower 
oil prices sent tire pound 
tnmhliog by more than 5 cents 
in two days. This raised fears 
of a repeat of last January's 
sterling crisis. 

The fall in the reserves test 
month provides a further 
indication of the Government’s 
determination to maintain a 
strong pound to bear down on 

In September, fee Govern- 
ment topped np fee reserves by 
$225 billion by borrowing on the 
Euromarkets. Even so, the 
present level of $15,543 billion 
is only jost over half of that five 
years ago. The actual drop in 
reserves last month, before 
adjustments for foreign cur- 
rency borrowing and repay- 
ments, was $433 million. 

The relatively low level of | 
Britain's reserves has to be set 
against the huge volume of 
turnover on the foreign ex- 
change markets. If oil prices 
weaken again, the pound may 
be kept up only by, at best 
keeping interest rates hi g h, at 
worst raising them further. 

Some of fee recent drop in 
Britain's reserves has been in 
line with the agreement 
reached between the Group of 
Five countries - the United 
States, Britain, West Germany, 
France and Japan - in New 
York on September 22, to posh 
down the Taloe of the dollar. 

'This agreement hds ~been 
generally successful, sending 
the dollar dawn sharply against 
the yen and mark in partiailar. 

However, it received a 
setback yesterday when Mr 
Sat os hi Snmita. Governor of 
the Bank of Japan, said in 
Tokyo that he did not want the 
yen to rise any further. Mr 
Somha, quoted by Japan's 
Kyodo news agency, said that 
be wanted yen stability at a 
level of 200 to the dollar. His 
contents sent the dollar np from 
Thursday's five-year low of 198 
yen. to nearly 203. 

The pound was pushed down 
against fee stronger dollar, 
dipping by three-quarters of a 
cent to Si .4387. The sterling 
index against all currencies 
rose by 0.1 to 78.0, reflecting 
small gains for the pound 
against the European cur- 

Kenneth Fleet, page 11 


Desert island 

Michael Parkinson 
makes waves Page 25 

Police man on 
the beat 

Sting talks about 

going solo 

Page 32 

Looking over 

A visit to the ruined 
city of Petra Page 26 

Future of the 

How the past sells 

the present 

Page 29 

Hie city that 
still trembles 

Mental aftermath of 
Mexico's earthquake 

When the men 
come first 

Wives who sacrifice 
careers for husbands 

Are you leaving 
your heirs more tax 

than capital? Naturally you 

want to leave all of your estate to your family or 
dependants or at least to someone of your choosing. 

But the truth is that without some forward 
plannin g your heirs will receive only what is left after 
the Inland Revenue take their share in the form of 
Capital Transfer Tax. 

And that share can be quite dramatic. 

For example, on an estate of £300,000 (including 
. house, contents, personal effects, stocks and shares, 
■ bonds, trusts, cash, life assurance and any inheri- 
tances) the Exchequer stands to be the largest 

If there.were two children they would each get 
£97,500 but the Exchequer would take £105,000. 
And it gets worse r 1 

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| Postcodr 

. ..-i x 



Union gives firm 
right to leading 
role in secret 
ballot process 

By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 

Union officials have reached 
" an agreement with an Ameri- 
can-owned company which 
provides for a secret ballot 
; before industrial action, with 
^ the company playing a leading 
T role in the ballot process. 

The agreement between 
Caterpillar Tractor Company 
< and the Amalgamated Union of 
' Engineering Workers is unusual 
because the company will have 
to agree to the wording of the 
ballot paper, is able to set out its 
‘ position in a statement ac- 
companying the ballot paper 
and will pay the administration 

Union and management 
reached the deal at the com- 
pany's plant at Desford, near 
Leicester where about 440 
manual workers are employed. 
U is part of a wide-ranging 
agreement, stretching over two 
years, which introduces funda- 
mental changes in working 

An eight-grade pay structure 
covering 5! job titles is reduced 
to five grades with only 12 jobs 
descriptions, linked to a greater 
' degree of flexibility. In return 
employees have received a 7 per 
cent pay increase plus a £200 
' lump sum, and later this year 
are guaranteed a 5 per cent rise 
with another one-off payment 
of £200. 

The deal is a further example 
of the growing willingness of 
trade unton negotiators to reach 
agreements lasting more than 
the traditional 12 months, and 

which involve mechanisms that 
make industrial action most 
unlikely. An AUEW district 
official said last night that he 
expected the format to become 
standard within the next five or 
six years. 

The agreement states that 
‘The union will neither condone 
nor support industrial action 
against the company” until all 
domestic and national disputes 
procedures have been exhaus- 
ted, and only after a. secret 
ballot of all hourly-paid workers 
to determine their support for 
the action proposed. 

Caterpillar management has 
agreed to provide clerical help 
and cover the cost of printing 
the ballot papers and postage. In 
addition to insisting that the 
wording of the paper is agre 
with the union, it insisted that 
the company’s position should 
be made known. 

A company statement, in 
such an eventuality, would be 
accompanied by an outline of 
the AUEW position. There is 
provision for the ballot to be 
supervized by officials of the 
white collar union Apex, which 
is recognized by the company. 

The union said last night that 
the company had been keen on 
inserting a balloting clause and 
that, in return, there was 
acceptance by the management 
that the temporary labour it will 
be allowed to recruit will be 
restricted to 10 per cent of the 
total payroll. 

Search for 
site fails 

By Hugh Clayton 

Environment Correspondent 

The search for a peaceful site 
for the Stonehenge pop festival 
has feiled, F.n gTish Heritage, 
which owns the monument, 
said yesterday. 

However, one of the co-ordi- 
nators of the hippy convoy 
which annually visits Stone- 
henge for the summer solstice 
festival gave a warning of “a 
month of aggravation” in June. 

Last year’s event was maned 
by violent clashes with _ die 
police, and Eng l i s h Heritage 
bad hoped to find a site near the 
acnient stones for the main 
convoy. About 1,000 people 
would then have been admitted 
to the stone circle, probably by 

“We have had to call the 
whole thing off It is very 
difficult to divide people up and ! 
let them in on the bass of 
whether they are a druid or 
not,” a spokesman for English 

Heritahge said. 

The plan for an alternative 
site near the stones was opposed 
by the Wiltshire police and 
members of the county council, 
while local landowners refused 
to offer land. 

The convoy co-ordinator, 
who declined to be named, said 
that the festival would defi- 
nitely go ahead in June on a 
larger scale than last -year. Their 
would also be a s imilar , smaller 
festivals ai the summer and 
autumn equinoxes and at the 
winter solstice. 

“They will have four head- 
aches instead of one", he said. 
English Heritage said that a 
meeting on the search for a 
suitable site planned for Mon- 
day would still be held even 
though there was nothing to 
offer the festival-goers. 

Moves to 
BBC men 

By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

Senior BBC journalists 
moved to support their two 
colleagues suspended over the 
Rough Justice programme yes- 
terday as Mr Bill Cotton, 
managing director of BBC TV, 
told the men in a letter the 
reasons for the disciplinary 

Senior journalists within the 
BBC said that both men, 
punished for using "unjusti- 
fiable threats'* to obtain an 
interview for a programme that 
led to the freeing from jail of an 
innocent man, would be wel- 
• come to work for programmes 
throughout the BBC. 

Senior BBC executives had 
wanted to dismiss the men after 
complaints in the Court of 
Appeal by Lord Lane that they 
. had embarked upon an “inves- 
tigation by menaces'. But, after 
. investigations on their behalf by 
a wide range of BBC officials 
and outside parties, both were 
suspended without pay for three 
months, barred from investiga- 
tive journalism for two years, 
and issued with final warnings. 

In the letter to the two men, 
Mr Colton dears them of a 
allegation that they threatened 
to expose a witness as a lesbian 
in order to obLain an interview. 
But he says that the transcripts 
provided by both men gave a 
very clear indication that, 
instead of approaching the 
witness as inquiring journalists, 
they had a fixed idea of the 
truth which they then set out to 

Mr Colton writes: M I find that 
your dealings with Miss Fitzpa- 
trick showed serious error of 
judgement, that you overs- 
tepped the boundaries of legiti- 
mate investigative journalism 
and that you strayed into 
unacceptable and threatening 

The BBC says that the 
suspensions will not affect the 
televising of the next series of 
Rough Justice which is due on 
ihe air next year. 

Text of Heseltine 
letter on Westland 

SDP deeply 
divided over 

Gartcosh steelworkers begun their protestmarch to London yesterday 

The following is the text of a 
letter from Mr Michael Hesel- 
tine in reply to one from Mr 
David Home, of Lloyds Mer- 
chant Bank: 

Dear Mr Horne, 

Thank you for your letter of 
today's date about HMG's 
procurement plans for military 
helicopters. The answers to 
your questions are as follows: 
a. Is there a requirement or 
funding for the purchase of the 
Blackhawk helicopter in the 
MOD forward programme? 

As I have already explained 
mblidy the Ministry of De- 
fence has had under consider- 
ation a Staff Target (.-VST 404) 
for a Light Support Helicopter 
which it was originally envis- 
aged might have an in-service 
date of about 1990. There were 
three main contenders which it 
was assessed could meet this 
target: the W 30-404 (Westland 
pic), the Super Puma (Aerospa- 
tiale) and the Black Hawk 
(Short Brothers Ltd in associ- 
ation with Sikorsky). It was 
announced in March 1985 that 
the Army was reviewing its 

John Cockney, what are the 
projects which HMG have 
indications from European 
governments and companies 
may be lost to Westland if the 
United Technologies/Flat pro- 
posals are accepted? 

There are three future helicop- 
ters intended to form the core of 
the fleet of the British Armed 
Services in the longer term all of 
which are planned to be 
produced collaboratively. At the 
battlefield helicopter level Bri- 
tain has been intending to 
proceed with a feasibility study 
with Italy which, in the event of 
Westland proceeding with a link 
with the British/European con- 
sortium, would not be sub- 
sumed in a five nation collabo- 
rative project (United King- 
dom, Italy, The Federal Repub- 
lic of Germany, France and The 
Netherlands) on which Defence 
Ministers have agreed to in- 
struct their staff to produce 
detailed proposals. In the 8-9 
tonne class feasibility studies 
have commenced of a helicop- 
ter known as NH 90 under a 
Memorandum of Understand- 

Money rolls in for 
rebel councillors 

Liverpool Labour councillors guarantor but on the clear 
are confident of raising suf- understanding that the money 
ficient funds to pay for lawyers was available and that it was 
to defend their High Court just a problem of cashflow.” 
action against surcharge orders The councillors are appealing 
later this month. against the decision of the 

district auditor to issue sur- 
charge notices in respect of 
losses totalling £106,000 as a 
result of their failure to set a 
rate in June last year. 

The case is due to be heard 
on January 13. If they lose, the 
councillors will, be disqualified 
from office and many will face 
bankruptcy if they have to pay 
their share of the costs. 

Mr John Kennedy, the fond 
raisin* co-ordinator, said that 

requirements and that the Staff fog involving the same five 
Target was in abeyance. countries. Westland are cur- 

There is in any case no rently participating in the 
provision in the Defence Budget feasibility study. In the 13 tonne 
to procure helicopters of this class a bilateral programme has 
type by the assumed in-service been established between the 
date. To find funds for such a United Kfogdon (Westland pic) 
purchase from within the and Italy (Agusta) for the EH 
presently planned Defence 101 helicopter. Full develop- 
Budget would involve removing ment was launched in 1984 and 
items of higher military priority initial production versions are 
which we are not prepared to planned to be available by 
do. The Government therefore about 1990. There are fodi- 
has no intention of procuring cations available to HMG from 
the Black Hawk helicopter, both the other Governments 
whether offered by Short and the companies c o ncerned 
Brothers Ltd fo association with that a Westland link with 
Sikorsky or by Westland pic fo Sikorsky/Fiat would be focom- 
associati on with Sikorsky. patible with participation by 

b. Does the Ministry of Defence that company on behalf of the 

have any knowledge of a United Kingdom in the collabo- 
mQitary helicopter type being rative battlefield helicopter and 
exported by Westland pic when NH 90 projects. There have 
that helicopter was not also part been separate indications from 
of the inventory of the British Agusta that if the Westland deal 
Services? with Sikorsky went through 

I am advised that there has been Agusta would have to seek other 
no such export partners. 

c. Farther to the Prime Minis- I am copying this letter to Sir 
tor’s letter of January 1 to Sir John Cockney of Westland pic. 

It is expected that legal costs 
will amount to £130,000. At one 
stage there was such a poor 
response to the appeal for funds 
that there was speculation that 
the 48 councillors would have 
to give up their action. 

The appeal organizers say 
they have been “overwhelmed** 
with offers of support, mainly 
from trade union branches, but 
also from the public. 

Already. £26,500 has been 

paid to the lawyers to enable £30,000 fo cash had been 
preparatory work to take place, received and a further £68,000 
The executive council of the had been promised. Donations 
Transport and General from the public were arriving in 
Workers’ Union has agreed to the post at the rate of £1,000 a 
stand as guarantor for the titty, with much of the cash 
o us landing funds. coming from local union 

The union’s general secretary, branches. 

Mr Ron Todd, said yesterday Mr Kennedy said £3,000 had 
that the Liverpool councillors been given by the labour Party 
had written asking for help, nationally and several unions 
‘We took the decision to act as had promised fin a n c i al support. 

start march 
to London 

By Ronald Faux 

Scottish steelworkers started 
out yesterday on a 450-mile 
“save Gartcosh** march to 
London. The mobile demon- 
stration in support of the 
Lanarkshire steel plant, which 
is to dose in three months with 
the loss of 700 jobs, began at 
the gates. 

Ihe steelmen plan forspend 
II days walking in relays to 
London in nme-man teams. 
They ’ have invited prominent 
figures in Scottish life to ^oin 
them an the way. - 
When they arrive they Idas, 
to lobby - MPs and to seek a 
meeting with the Prime 'Minis- 
ter to ask her to intervene in 
the decision by the British. 
Steel Corporation to shot the 

Two mobile homes will 
support the march, which will 
head sonth to Consett and 
Corby where steel communities 
have already felt the effect of 
mass closures. . • ■ 

A division between , leading 
members of the Social Demo- 
crats over whether the BBC 

s brw ild continue to be supported 

by a licence fee or ^advertis- 
ing be settled after a lull 
debate. at the .party's conference 
later this montfh This is the first 
time in. the five years of the 
patty’s existence that such 
step has been taken. 

Two -distinct evenly 

balanced', bodies of. opinion 
emerged 'when the issue was 
debated by the party’s policy 
committee, at two .long meet- 
ings. Ahhbugh . no vote was 
taken, it was decided to submit 
the opposing views to the next 
meeting of the Council for 
Social Democracy at Bath on 
. Sunday, January 26. , 

Dr David Owen, the. party 
leader, . who presided at both 
meetings, is said to be uncom- 
mitted on the issue. The case for 
abolition of the licence fee and 
use of ladvertising. revenue to 
support some BBC services will 
be put to the conference by; Mr 
Charles Kennedy, MP for Ross, 

Cromarty and Skye. 

His resolution, will say that 
the licence fee is no longer a fair 
or acceptable method of financ- 
ing the BBC and 'that the 
method is not as independent of 
government 7 as has been 

To replace the licence fee, the 
resolution will call for advertis- 
ing for some services, coupled 
with a five-yeariy government 
grant fixed after the advice of an 
independent broadcasting audit 
commission. "• 

The opposing point of view 
will -be put by by Mr. 

Laddie, Leader of the 
group on Lambeth Borough! 
Council.' London.' 'He willl 
criticize the appointment of the 
Peacock committee on broad- 
casting as an attempt to rush 
•fun dame ntal reform without 
proper consideration- of theirj 

His resolution if 
would commit the council to 
opposing introduction of adver- 
tising on any national network] 
of BBC television or radio and 
call for. retention of foe licence 
fee to give the -BBC a dear; 
independent source of finance 

oyer £100 

i' A dispute brake put yestenk- 
between the Lord Mayor . 
Belfort, Alderman John CwJJv. • 
an Official Unionist ’ 

car, over who should' foot <£!? 
bill for a huge banaorto^ , ' 
draped across the frost of thp l — •* 
rityhaH. \ 

The - banner 

Belfest; Says No JTSgStS 
to be-in place this afternoon* * 

before participants of angn.' 
mile .five-da^ protest to^ r .c 
from Londonderry against the 
Hillsborough agreement, reach : 
thjeir totmatioiv.tfae hradqarfc 
era of the .new AngfeXah 
secretarial, four miles bwmd - 
Ihedty atMaryfiekL /;■ v 

Official Unionist Party and> v -> ' 
Democratic Unionist members ’ 

of the counad secured a 25—14 ' -■ 

vote to hoist the banner 
indefinitely when the round] > 
met bn - Thursday night against 
the opposition of the . Social V- 
Democratic and* Labour partv ! t ? " • 
and Alliance party members & ' . 
and the abstention of the tym . '. 

Sinn Fein councillors. They also - T ‘ 

voted to suspend afl- counefl- 

business for a third mimth ■ 

succession. ‘ ..'••• -> : 

Mr Redpath- believes ih e ; ^ 
ratepayers should bear the cost 
of the. banner of an estimated ■ 
£100 and argues that it reflects : ' - 
the majority -view, of the. city ' 

His aiguemeut i$ rejected bribe • -■ 
Lord Mayor who believes those ;l 
who voted for "ft; hfrnsdf ' 
included, should meet the bin. 

He enjoys the. support' of the 
town clerk who has -said that it 
is. bkriy -to\ be ruled an 
i n ad mi ssible charge against the 
ratepayers. . 

Sir John. Herman, the RUC 
chief constable^ who led police 
arid Army mourners "at the - 

funeral yesterday of the first of r ' 

two victims of the Provisional • ' ' 

IRA bomb in Armagh fo the 
first minutes of the new year, 
beard a strong plea for the 
Government id providerbetier 
security. ... - 

• “Don’t tell us everything 
possible is befog done/We do 
not believe fois lo .be; true,” 
the Rev Reginald TwaddeD said 
at- to .funeral- .of .Constable 
James “Drew** McOmdks at 
Portadown in Co Armagh. 

Jjm ‘ 


Mrs Williams seeks 
Tory-held seat 

Mrs Shirley Williams the SDP 
president, is to seek nomination 

as the All«nra - ramUrfifF for 
imhridge CSty, the seat held 
by tiie Conservatives -in 1983 
with a/ majority of about 6,000* 
(John Winder writes). 

Mrs Williams wffl probably 
-compete, with eight others from 
tiie Liberals -and Social Demo- 
crat-parties for a place on foe 
shortlist The result of a postal 
ballot of all liberal and SDP 
members lit' the' feo n s tifaem ey 
wift be announced on Febnnry 
1 ‘ 

The closest competition fin: 
MrsWDKams is lflcely to-come 
from Mr Chris Bradford, who 
was at one time foe prospective 
liberal, candidate for tiie seat 

. but gave, way to an' SDP 
candidate when the Affiance 
was formed before foe hist 

. Today is foe dosing dateifo 
applications for the seat, , . 

... Mrs Williams, who is. at 
present in India, was fist 
Elected labour MP for foe tid 
Hftchin seat in 1964. In .1974, 
after bonniary changes, she 
remained as Labour "MP for 
Stevenage and HertfonL but 
lost the seat inl979.\ 

She helped found flue SDP 
and woh Crosby r :for- foe 
Alliance at a by-ejection in 
1981 ^r*fost it back fo foe 
Conservatives at foe. last 
election.. . V-;‘ 

■ E-_ 


Unions meet on Murdoch demand Dustin Gee 

By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 
The main Fleet Street print 
unions have started a series of 
meetings which will culminate 
at the end of next week in a 
ballot by foe biggest union, 
Sogat *82 on the call for passible 
industrial action by workers at 
the four national newspapers 
owned by News International. 

yesterday heard reports of the 
breakdown of negotiations on 
the company's demand for a no- 
strike. legally binding agree- 
ment for The London Post, 
which is due launched at 
tapping*. east- . London, in 

The National Graphical 
Association and Sogat *82 will 
lurid meetings next week of 

The - campaign ' is aimbd at 
winning a . “jobs-for-tiffe” 
guarantee for members at the 
four newspapers, with' company 
agreement to rosl-of-hviug 
indexation of future., pay 
awards. ■ 

But a left-wing- coalition is 
pressing for more direct action 
involving joint industrial action 

as**- SsS y wgft m ££ 

The Times and The CmuAni joint agreements which preserve 
A joint meeting of the News Times, s mat a™*. fright to strike apd the closed 

The comedian Dustin Gee 
died in hospital yesterday; 48 
hours after collapsing with a 
heart attack during a perform- 
ance ; of the pantomime Cinde- 
rella in -Southport, Merseyside. 

a jomi meeting or tue news Times. Sogat *82 is due to hoM «* closed. 

°f :n f Bwfcf awl The Stm its ballot on Friday to shojvand fire establishment of 

chapels (office branches) of the au t h o riz ation for industrial c o ? mitt ees to cb-ordinat* 
National Union of Journalists action. action. 

for industrial 

I Mosaic found' 

W ork on a £20 million town 
centre redevelopment in Col- 
chester, Essex, has been halted 
to allow archaeologists to 
uncover a second century 
Roman mosaic. • • * . ■ 

f U R-vS. A L-E 







JANU ARY 5 th 9am-5.3Gpm 

Hug gsock isflfcci/ciybes: in both gyle and quality, choore 
frECuaink. &sos.ncoa=. coyote etc., etc^ to dear 


W ora you buy Siam Ros you an baying from one of 1 the 
cSdest eseblmed fumas m England fouer 90 yean) but 
wih ‘jc very kcc in Designer Fu.-,. a: Jess Aan fktory pyyi 
— Absolutely the bes bargains in Loodon. 

Fox Jackets from £79 

Mink Jackets from £250 

Full length Fox Coats from£395 
Full length Racoon Coats from £695 
Full length Mink Coats from £295 
Full length 

Female Mink Coats from £895 


The politics of une taplo} nient: 5 . A . 

Value of service sector jobs disputed 

When a boutique in the 
Fargate shopping area of Shef- 
field advertised a single vacancy 
for a shop assistant, 500 
applicants queued outside in the 
hope of securing the job. . 

Last October when a new 
su per store in Rotherham adver- 
tised ISO foil- and part-time 

In tfte final article on government efforts to rednee 

unrag toymcn t before the next general DONALD a 

MjcgTTM di»»« ^aB2TSSSS£ 

_ ’i‘ ! 


jobs, the local Jobcentre pro- ^According to 
cessed 3,000 applications. es a m a tes » bctwecn 

These stories are common in 

are believed to 

jobs and 1.5 

1 million 
million jobs 

* uv*. avv* «u.(* umuuuu ui j 3 ■- . . « ^ 

areas of high unemployment directly or indirectly on 

and are a bfekk “ S" 31 * 3117 

willingness to work of most P*™*: ***** 

unemployed people. or tnereconozny. . 

ftb worthroting that the - the 

jobs were in retaftirq^ one of the 

sectors from which the Govern- 5? “SLISt 

ana . again m government 

ment expects growth in employ- 

meat between now and the 
general election. 

Retail and distributive jobs 
increased by 2.7 per cent 
nationally between June 1984 
and June 1985, although at 
nothing like the pace n e ed ed to 

repla»ment simply of jobs 
previously held by employees, 
toroiampfe in construction. 

The tUC critique goes 
further. Union leaders will press 
me } r ca» for more direct 
assistance to the manufacturing 
sector with publication of its 
prc-Budgct submission to the 
ChanceHor. A part of an 
”^°sio rart reconstruction 
pnuramme costing more than 
mmon over five years, it 
suggests in the first year Soo 
nmhon to help maniife^^ 

unemployed person in takes into 
a permanent job. 

He argues that, altowing for 
tax benefits, the overall Public 

Sector Borrowing Requirement 

cost would be about £ltnHion 
but - employment would be 
raised Iw 500,000. Net spending 
of £l million on infrastructure 
improvements, . advocated by 
S®. TUC, could also create 
200,000 extra jobs. 




Matbectoc UU Trait timrJWn 


34 Lands Lone, Leeds 1. 


II Vyr^euaUbernsv^Me jSSS32SSSSS5k 

.:V\3 l-.W-S 

statements, of small firms and 

But there is real argument capit^ aflowanro^ an 

about how far growth in service acceleration 

industries has increa s ed em- s ^ OBe v c*panskm of regifinaT- 
ployment and how fer it is a S 0 a *»ost for exports 
trend that should be fostered at “proved credit. 

reverse foe masrive decline of the expense of manufrteturing „ Anot her course has been put 
foe industrial base once foe industry. forwa/d by Mr Gavyn Davies, a 

A TUC analysis to go before Ci*y economist, in the 

next week's economic com- Employment invtitntr 

nrittee sharply questions .He -mamtains foat- 

whether the “lecovoy” in . policies could 

employment, yielding a net a impact on unem- 
in Crease of about 440,000 in .without pushing up 

numbers in employment, is as if they were spccifC 

aigmficant as the Government « sections least 

wouW like tomaloe out. to- contribute, to foe 

It suggests that up to 40 per fo” van & wage spiral , mirh as the 
Government’s decision to put cent of the jobs may result from «08Htonn unemployed and 
£8 miikm of pump-pzimnte “Second jobbing” by workers «wse in the depnved regions 
finance into temnstn, on which already in emjrioyment, that the Mr Davies tikes the tine, that 
a significant number of em- majority of new jobs have been a minxmsni of 250000 est™ 
plpyees m hdtds, ratermg and jMrt-time, taken by women, and places on (he CbmmmS 
leunre sectors, and less directly tot at least some of the growth Programme, which the Govn-rT 
in retailing and even public ofseif^mptoymem tasbemtfce ment is considering ^xpajuKnjfc' 



|gide of cities like Sheffield. 

# Ministers bare been empha- 
sizing Increasingly the import- 
ance of service industries in 
ing the new jobs needed 
if unemployment is to show a 
si g nifi cant fell before foe elec- 

The emhatis on to service 
industries helps to explain to 


„ J*®) 

^«fw - 


OHoa inch, tod 







■ ,'v^PT r m 





The dispute that had halted 
Townsend Thoresen. ferries 
from Dover since December 13 
was . settled yestenfay' when 
about 2,000 Dover-based sea- 
men; 'Voted' at a Ttfurimite 
meeting to accept an Agreement 
’Setting up _a. new .procedure 
inctoding binding aibitration 
for dealing with local grievances 
and disputes^ Normal services 
are expected to be; resumed 
within 24 hours. : 

The , : dispute : began inth 
disa gre e m ent ova- mamrin g 
levels and the enlfogfenteat of 
freight-catrying capatn? on two 
large ships. The men. staged a 
72-hour strike,, and t6c. com- 
pany re^ionded by tnoviug the 
femes from Dover toDunkirk, 
effectively imposing a rockcuxL 

The seamen ‘then received 
letters from management de- 
manding an end to “disruptive 
industial action” .before sevices 
to fiiaw Boulogne and- Zecb- 
rrugge were re-started- .The 
National Union of Seamen said 
yesterday: “This is the first time 
we have .had-: a ' .procedure 
agreement to deal wfih top*** 
grievances and disputes wiach 
allows for independent arfa- 
tration.” . . - 


Vineyard sold ^ 

Strigc: ^ 

» -c : . '••• 

V'^,1: ■ ■ 

.Britain’s cMfra commetriri 
vineyard has been sold for wcD 
in excess of to £400,000 askn>£ 
.price to a London businessman, 
after intense competition home 
and abroad. 

Hambkdon Vineyards was 
put on. the market at tbe rod of 
last year after foe death- of Sr 


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^arGuySrfifotnyJ<»es,ti» r ”-v. 

‘Muse" of Bntam’s 'modrin 
vtoyard iridnstry. He phmtw ■ 
his Ymeyardj-nn . the snofogn -• 

stapes of Windmill DoWA 
Ha mbl cdon, Hampfoiit, at^ B ' , * ’ 1 ? 
endof toSecond jL 




' -t:-, .j.? 

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is puli 




A bank cashier helped to 
mastermind a hold up at her 
own bank, .then picked . up ‘ a 
cash award for her ordeal, -St- 
Albans Crown Court was.- -told 
yesterday. ' ■ 

Mrs Annette White, aged 31 v 
was pushed, bound' and gagged, 
and left in the bank's strong' 
room during the £64,000 rob*' 
bery last May. 

But it was all. a charade,. 
Afterwards she put on such a: 
convincing act as a robbery 
victim that her employers - 
awarded her £1,750 compen- 
sation. -V:-:- 

Mr Robert MarshaE- An- 

drews, for the prosecution, said 
Mrs White- had provided . the. 
two robbers with the layout of 
the bank, given them details of 
the movement of bee colleagues, 
and told them where to find foe 
money. * ■ . 

Mrs While, of Broad Stone : 
Road, Harpenden, Hertford- 
shire. pleaded not guilty to. 
r-HS'Ciy p -nd a second charge of - 
obtaining compensation -by . 
deception... - 

Mr Marshall- Andrews ' -said . 
that the robbery at the Lloyds 
sub-branch at The Quadrant, St 
Albans, had been.carried out by 
a father and team, 

Deryck Cracknel], aged 60, and' 
Gillian Walker, aged 34. Both 
were well known to Mrs White 

Water rate 
to rise by 
average 8% 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 
Water rates in most of 
England and Wales wflT.rise. by 
an average of 8 per cent in the 
spring, according to die- latest 
government forecast based on 
talks with the 10 water auth- 

^Courtis told 

and the women bad -been 
■friends .since! 979. 

‘“Annette ’ White had pro- 
vided --them with substantial 
information about.' the bank. 
She was actually aware of the 
acts that the robbery was g fting 
to., take place and she had 
provided information which 
had allowed the robbery to take 
placed, he said. 

' The court -was ibid; that 
Cracknell and.his daughter had 
tricked one 6f Mrs White's 
colleagues into - opening the 
■tank door-before- the official 
opening time. They pretended 
to/ oe armed and forced their 
way inside where Mrs White 
arid her male colleague were 
tied up while the safe wasrifled. 
" The raiders, knew that the 
bank manager would be away 
from the building at the time of. 
the robbery. Mrs White had also 
told- them that her bank 
colleague, JMr Ian Herbert, was 
“weedy” and would give them 
no trouble,. 

. . Mr Marshall- Andrews . said 
Hat in the days leading up to 
the robbery, Mrs.. White had 
ordered extra-"- money to be 
placed in die safe so -that the 
bandits would collect a larger 
haul tham would normally be 
there. : 

. "The crown says she was 

slocking the bank up because 
. this robbery was going to take 
place and she knew it”, be said. 

; The jury was told that the 
'money was left jn the hands of a 
“minder”, who hid the haul in 
his :vloft. When ■ the gan ^ 
.including Mrs White was 
arrested * last June police re- 
covered just oyer half the 
money that bad been stolen. 

A total of £10,000 was found 
in a drawer at Mrs White's 
; home. She had told police of 
plans for her and Walker to 
purchase a video shop in 
Peterborough. More sums . of 
money were, found with Grack- 
neil audits daughter. ■ 

'/Mr MafshaO-Andrews said 
that Mrs* .White had jpaid 
• £I,750-byUoyds bank, who had 
assumed she was the innocent 
victiinof a “terrifying” robbery. 

. Walker, of Peterborough, 
who is serving a four-year jail 
tenn.forher pan in the robbery, 
told the jury that Mrs. White 
had. often joked about robbing 
the hank where she worked. She 
said Mrs White hart handed her 
plans' to the bank and told her 
: what was the best time she and 
her father should strike. Crack- 
nel! is also serving four years for 
the robbery. - 

The case continues on Mon- 
day. - . 

Home computer firm 
to shed 250 jobs 
and end UK output 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

It will be the second success- , 
ive year that millions . of 
householders fad; water charge 
increases higher than the cost of. 
living Bui ministers do not 
expect any .water, authority to 
raise charges by more than 10 
per cent, although some 'feared 
late last year that charges might 
have to go up by as much as 13 
percent. . ' 

The rises win mean that most 
householders win pay less than 
30p a day still for water supplies 
and sewerageserviees. The high- 
est average charge last year was 
£105.98 a year, or 29p a day, in 
the Anglian' area. The lowest 
was £76.16 a year, or 2Ip a day, 
in the Severn Trent region, 
which includes Birmingham .a- 
much of the Midlands. 

The large increases wfllbe 
caused by the .Government's 
insistence again on accelerated 
repayment of water authority 
debts and . on shorter-term 
financing of new equipment - 

Demand for water continues 
to creep upwards. Total water 
supplies in England arid Wales 
rose by more than half between 
1960 and 1984 to reach 16.5 
billion litres a day. • ... 

Less than a tenth of the 
purified water that enters 
households is drunk- The latest, 
estimates . from the ' Water 
Authorities' Associations show 
that the main single use of water 
is to flush lavatories. More than 
a third oflhe water used is for 
making tea. ' 


(av» % of total suppled} . 

Flushing lavatories ^ .32 

Baths and showers .17 

Washing machines ...... /. 12 

UsadeutSfde horns . 3 

Dishwasher- • - ■■■■ -'■ ■ •y'- 1 ' 

... -3& 

AicohoBc drinks 3 7 

Coffee • \ -12 

Drinks of cold water -8 

Soft drinks 4. 

Others, hckKflng cooking - 28 

Figures for alcohoBc and. soft. -drinks 
include water in the bottled or canned 
drink and any water added. '■ ■ '■ * 

StXBtw Water Author®®' Assonaflou. 

Food poison source 
may never be traced 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

. Scientists investigating the The ririjk is treated for up to 

salmonella infection at- the 25 times as long, at lempera- 
Farley baby food factory in lures about 17 percent higher. 
Kendal. Cumbria, are becoming Milk from the apparently 
increasingly, concerned that the contaminated herd was ex- 
source of the outbreak may eluded from the factory after the 
never be found. • April tests, and when Ministry 

Failure to identify precisely of Agriculture inspectors again 
. thft-.ei raii nwi« newt l eading to the tested: the herd for Salmonella 
contamination of milk products ealing the week before Christ- 
wfll lleave troubling questions mas, they found no signs of it. 

! unansw ered in . spite .of im- Scientists - have now almost 

proved safety procedures likely completely ruled out the cattle 
to be introduced by the connection and suspect that the 
company. _ as a result, of the infection of the baby food took 
incident. place after the milk had been 

Since November, 43 cases of jtreated,^ evaporated^ re- 
food poisoning, involving 31 guccd to powder and fried, but 
babies undera year old/have befor ? 11 W packed mto 
been linked to the fectory. A C9 “g“£ ! h. . . • ,. v 

baby in Manchester h»s died. 

Earlier this week, traces of the 
bacterium -were ‘ found in the 

Medal winners in the Fifty-fifth Model Engineer Exhibition at the Wembley Conference 
Centre yesterday. The Bagatti Type 51 (above) made by Mr L. Sellers, of Oxford, won a 
gold medal The Mary Rose, being inspected by lan Clarke (left), and lan Baker, won a 
. silver medal for Peter Moran of Addington Prison. (Photographs: BOIWarhnrst). 

88m days 
lost to 

Arthritis accounts for the 
loss of 88 million working days 
in Britain each year, far more 
than the losses caused by 
strikes (our Science Correspon- 
dent writes). 

The crippling disease costs 
more than £3 billion a year in 
lost wages, the Arthritis and 
Rheumatism Council said yes- 

The North-east of England 
is the worst affected region, 
losing more than nine million 
working days at a cost of more 
than £285 milli on. 

The council's report, pub- 
lished to mark its fiftieth 
anniversary, said: “Despite 
these figures there is more hope 
for people with arthritis than 
there was 50 years ago. 

A drug to protect people 
from arthritis could be avail- 
able within the next five to 10 
years through advances in 
genetic engineering. 

Professor Ravinder Main!, 
chairman of the council’s 
research committee, is investi- 
gating potential therapies at 
the Charing Cross Hospital, 
London, where he is professor 
of immunology and rheumatic 
. -■■jdP-ig I diseases. 

‘Political training’ for teachers 

The American home com- 
puter company. Commodore 
Internationa! has shut its 
production line in Corby, 
Northamptonshire, making 250 
people redundant but keeping 
170 people for its marketing 
and service operation in the 
United Kingdom. 

The company’s decision 
comes a year after the group 
announced 100 redundancies at 
Corby after poor sales the 
previous Christmas. 

Commodore claims that it is 
too early to determine the sales 
success of its machines this 
Christmas but that the job 
losses are due to the company 
rationalizing its manufacturing 
outlets worldwide. Corby is an 
assembly plant and does not fit 
into its new strategy, the 
company claims. 

Commodore, whose Commo- 
dore 64 is among the most 
popular home computers in 
Britain, will concentrate its 
production in four plants: West 
Germany, Hong Kong and two 
in the United States. The bulk 
of the Corby assembly goes to 
West Germany. 

According to Mr Thomas 
Ratligan. Commodore's presi- 
dent: “The corporate manage- 
ment of Commodore, including 
our UK general manager, have 
shared in this decision. 
Commodore's major priority is 
to meet the competitive chal- 
lenge of the next two or three 
years, and to do this the 
company is going to be increas- 
ingly dependent upon fewer and 
higher technology plants. Cor- 
by, being essentially an as- 
sembly plant, does not easily fit 
into this strategy. 

Commodore has run down 
the manufacturing workforce at 
Corby during the past year. 
After last January's staff re- 

ductions the workforce totalled 
600 and was trimmed again to 
420 by the end of last year. 

Sales during the last 12 
months have been particularly 
poor in the home and personal 
computer market and especially 
for Commodore International. 
The company declared losses in 
September for the fourth quar- 
ter ending in June of $124 
million. (£86 million) compared 
with a profit of S33 million for 
the same period in the previous 
year. Losses for the financial 
year were $ 1 1 3.9 million against 
a $143.8 million profit the year 

Commodore's problems are 
not unique. 2o the UK after a 
poor 1984 Christmas sales 
retailers were left with high 
stocks due to over optimistic 
sales forecasts. A price war 
ensued and Sinclair, Acorn and 
then Commodore slashed prices 
in the new year. The price of the 
Sinclair Spectrum was reduced 
by £50 to £130. Acorn, Lbc 
manufacturer of the BBC 
Microcomputer and the Elec- 
tron. cut the price of the 
Electron by £70 to match 
Sinclair. Commodore followed 

Within weeks Acorn was 
struggling and it was forced to 
suspend its shares on the 
Unlisted Securities Market 

By May Sinclair was also in 
deep financial trouble. Its 
principal creditors; Thorn EMS. 
Timex and AB Electronics, «n 
manufacturers of Sinclair prod- 
ucts. and the company's bank- 
ers Citibank and Barclays were 
owed a total of about £15 
million and had to extend the 
computer group's crediL 
• Smiths Crisps are to close 
their nut processing plant in 
Corby in two weeks with the 
loss of 140 jobs. 

£750 fine I ‘Overfed’ 

OrcumstantiaL evidence had factory's cleaning system. Inves- 
unpbeateda case of Salmonella .tigalore ndwliavt to consider 
eating _ • - • * rare strain of the who, or what, was the earner of 
bacienum found m the factory the infection 

■* -<*** cow in, the : a» 320 st^fat the factory are 
county . submitting stool samples for 

f .. That animal found to analysis, for the second time, 
j have the infection last ApriL A Those vests have so far shown 
.four-year-old ' child • in "the no .evidence of salmonella, and 
former's, family, also shown! a third round of samples is now 
symptoms; . but .although the likely to be analysed, 
famil y d rank . unpasteurized . “We may never know the 
milk, from the bend, no trace of answer but we sincerely hope 
; the bacterium was found in the we will find it,” Mr Brian Hales, 

milk wlfen. it was tested by chief environmental 

veterinary inspectors. 


- - Milk from that herd is taken . yesterday.' 
mtorfoe/Faifey: plant in a raw - .“It is the .most mysterious 
form, but is then subjected to case of food poisoning on a 
heat treatment -much more national- scale that X ' have 
intense than ; the. norm for known in 30 years in this type 

• of work.” 


Alleged rape victim 
wins court order 

. A lawyer who claims die was 
raped more than three years ago 
yesterday won; a court order 
against her allied attacker. 

Miss Bevedey Hayies, aged 
32, ' was / granted , an interim 
injunction:, at. Birmingham 
County Court restraining Keith 
.Desmond /Bingher; aged 28, 
:ftom “assaulting,. molesting oir 
'interfering” withher. The order 
; is effective untif January 17. 

•r ' Miss. Hayles, who asked that 
her address berj withheld, has 
daizned damages ] for, alleged 
tape although police have not 
charged Mr Burgher with such 
an offence. 

‘ He arrived at court, hand- 
cuffed to an officer, from 
WinsoffGreen Prison; whejxbe 
is -on-remand in connection 
with^an ... unrelated alleged 

TV series studies couple’s 
courtship and marriage 

,v/ ; / A couple from South Wales and pitf 
are the subject of a sax-part been att 
... , J >• television study into courtship, . a dmit s i 
marriage and beyond. Tbe fost “We fill 
•j - part of the experiment, by the; . of aboir 
. s television producer Desmond two. wee] 
.i Wilcox, is to- be- shown- on “Thes 
•"‘..t** Wednesday on BBCl. - that, was 

The cameras follow Marc, an everyth! 

/ hotel manager, aged 28,-; and- pletdy« 

i Karen, aged 21, psychiatric Marc 

J di nurse, from their engagement series n 

pY<3fu 3 through their wedding to. their about-. K 
t. . , ... f first year of marriage. we reafi 

J- The first episode shows other we 
t . Mare, widely -regarded as “aw .. ttM c .it 

of the boys", promismg to mwedo 
I" ; :.■*•" J )^!* diauee his way of -life after '/ 'Karen 
mamage to Karen, whom -he nurse-- 1 
i vj met at a dance m Porthcairi, inflamia 

- --r *>:■ Mid-Glamorgan. Karen talks . question 

• * % about sex , and her parents’ ased to. 

attitude towards her and^ Marc, just got 
'h'-Vf' althoosh she plais a white would 1 

• chnrdi wedding. . ']ffiere. » 

' They are followed tm their mightnt 

t : • 3 honejtnooa in Copenhagen be! 

throagh financial worries and wise it 
problems with their love He. .' UL*r 
Mr Wllcojc said the film . The 

• ->7 ' y. crew never felt they were bring Cardiff , 

' — J&i overly obtrusive. “We simply. Bey * 

^ filmed ffiem as they were, hopefuls 

Thera was no pafwmancfr for 
cameras'*, he said at the 
•^SkWfilni’s ■- laimch ' ■*:. - • : .-- 

^ series, SiC 

Sctrtland^ is tfcefirst time snrii 
^ a first-hand -stfldy-of the Ms; 

and pitfafls of married life has 
bemi i attempted and Mr Wilcox 
gttmfta it was a hunting task. 
“We f0med_diem.oVer a period 
. of about -a year roughly ever; 
■two weeks. - 

• “They toW ns evmything 
that was Hkely to happen and 
everything- yon see is com- 
pletely spontaneous.” - 
. Marc . con f essed that the 
Series made; him learn, a Jot 
abotdr. Karen. “By .watching it 
we realized things about each 
other we never knew. In away X 
. tthlk .it has- made ns aB’tte. 
more dose” 

; Karen.- who- quafified as -a 
unrse last month, safil- tim 
fnfl aenre of fixe cameras ami 
, questi o ning took a lot of getting 
used feOL^Bst after a wMle we 
just 'got on with foe way we 
would have behaved anyway. 
There were certain things we 
mightnot have said because we 
’Were being filmed, hit ostteer 
wise it -was completely sate- 
ihL"r' ' ’■ - •' 

. The couple, who--five -in 
Cardiff, married- in June,' 1984. 
They- were. chosen front 3,900 
Impends for the series after 
replying to - press advertise- 
mcsit5 four months before tixeir 
wedding. Mr WUcdx said they 
had been- rirasen becaise they 
- wen - young, a rtic u l a te - rand ' 
U nearned . 

offence. He was not legally 
represented and, when Judge 
Oosllng asked him if ‘ he 
admitted the offence of rape, 
much of his r^>ly was unclear. 

But he claimed he bad a 
female witness who could allege 
that Miss Hayles went to his 
house “to have a bit of going 

.-Mr Stephen Jonas, for Miss 
Hayles, told foe court “What is 
alleged .here is a particularly 
savage assault and- rape on the 
plaintiff and her false 
imprisonment. . The alleged 
incident took place over three 
years ago.” She had not known 
.Mr -Bxugher, of no fixed 

Mr Jonas said he believed the 
case was foe first of its kind. 

British plea 
to commute 
death penalty 

The British High Com- 
mission in Kuala Lumpur has 
asked foe Malaysian govern- 
ment: to commute foe death 
sentence imposed on a British- 
born welder for drug smuggling 
' The National Council for foe 
Welfare of Prisoners Abroad* 
said yesterday the move was 
more '. than welcome, after 
criticism that foe Government 
was not taking sufficient action. 

Kevin Barlow, aged. 28, has 
dual Australian-British citizen- 
ship. • 

By Lacy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 
Teachers should be trained to 
teach “political competence” so 
that children grow up to be 
good citizens, according to lan 
Lister, professor of education at 
York University. - 
The job of political education 
in schools is threefold he 
maintains: to promote an ideal 
of common citizenship; to 
revive .patriotic loyalty and to 
develop wider loyalties, with 
some concern for European 
affairs and for global issues, and 
to encourage tolerance, even 
celebration, of difference and 

Addressing the North of 
England education conference 
in Huddersfield yesterday. Pro- 
fessor Lister said schools faced a 
crisis. They were out of 
alignment with foe changing 
world of work, with our 
political culture, and with 
community lift A new relation- 
ship was needed between 
education and political, econ- 
omic and community leaders. 

Schools must promote “a 
positive pluralism” so that 

cultures and races were re- 
spected. “Teachers, or others, 
who present only one-sided 
accounts of controversial ques- 
tions, or who claims ‘there is no 
alternative’, are rightly sus- 
pect”. he said. 

New teachers were asked to 
promote unity through diver- 
sity, he said. This was not easy. 
“After foe fate of the Rampton 
committee (into foe education 
of ethnic minorites) and after 
the Honeyford affair we cannot 
underestimate the sensitive 
nature of the whole area.” 

The crisis in education was 
related to the radical change in 
work which was coming with 
foe decline of industrialism, he 
said. Nowadays children needed 
to develop and practise their 
skills rather than regurgitate 
facts: they needed to be assessed 
on whether they could do things 
rather than whether they knew 

Although Professor Lister 
believed that teacher training 
was ripe for review, be did not 
like what foe Government was 
doing Under foe new system - 
Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary of 

State for Education and Science, 
can withhold approval of a 
teacher training course if it does 
not meet his criteria. 

Those criteria state that 
would-be primary school teach- 
ers should spend more than 100 
hours in studying mathematics 
teaching and another 100 hours 
studying language teaching 
Aspiring secondary school 
teachers should have done a 
degree which included at least 
two years on the subject they 
wanted to teach. 

“This has the interesting 
implication that someone who 
has studied PPE (Philosophy. 
Politics and Economics) at 
Oxford is not qualified to teach 
any subject, as a main subject, 
in a secondary school.” 

• Professor John Tomlinson, 
director of foe University of 
Warwick's Institute of Edu- 
cation, told foe conference that 
new ways were needed of 
assessing children in place of 
foe current examination system, 
which meant that most children 
left school having failed and 
only a proportion succeeded. 

in pirate 
video case 

A video shop manager was 
fined £750 after pleading guilty 
to possessing pirate videos 
under foe Video Recordings Act 
1984, at Highgate Magistrates’ 
Court yesterday. 

Five copies of Telephone, a 
popular Indian film, were found 
at the V & A Video Centre, 
North Finchley, north London, 
when foe police raided foe shop 
on October 1 5 last year. Dhanji 
Varsani, of Churchfield Ave, 
pleaded guilty 

Service for 
J.B. Priestley 

The ashes of J.B. Priestley, 
the playwright, who died IS 
months ago, are to be buried in 
the Yorkshire Dales parish of 
Hubberholme. where he had 
many friends on April 19. 

baby died 

. A baby who was treated for 
over-feeding died from cot 
death syndrome after being sent 
home from hospital, an inquest 
was told yesterday. 

Gerald Faniini. aged 14 
weeks, was being fed 9oz of 
powdered milk every two hours, 
instead of 6oz to 7oz every three 
to four hours, when he was 
admitted to King's College 
Hospital, south London, suffer- 
ing from vomiting. 

Dr Fiona Campbell senior 
house officer, told the inquest at 
Southwark that the child was 
treated for over-feeding and foe 
brand of foe powdered milk 
changed before he was sent 
home. The next day he died. 

Recording that he died from 
natural causes. Sir Montague 
Levine, the coroner, said: “The 
parents have to be shown it is 
not through their fault that this 
child died. 

Drinking spree led to road death 

A Smithfield porter's six- 
hour drinking spree led to the 
death of a pensioner in a 
“horrifying” road crash, foe the 
Central Criminal Court was 
told yesterday. 

Colin Longford, aged 26, a 
meat market porter, of Rodney 
Road, Mitcham, was jailed fora 
year and banned from driving 

for 30 months after pleading 
guiky to causing the death by 
reckless driving of Mr James 
Shaw, aged 67, who lived at 
Marsh Avenue. Mitcham. 

The Recorder, Mr Audry 
Myerson. QC said Longford 
had consumed at least seven 
pints of lager before foe noon 
crash at a busy junction in 

London Road, Mitcham, on 
May 2 last year. 

Mr Lindsay Burn for foe 
prosecution, said, Longford had 
driven past a red traffic light at 
a speed estimated by witnesses 
at between 30mpb and 50mpb. 
He hit another car then struck 
Mr Shaw, 

Insurance group goes 
into estate agency 

By Christopher Warman Property Correspodent 
The Prudential Coiporation, managing director, said foat 
Britain's largest life insurance although they did not expect a 
company, enters foe estate heavy demand, “it will provide 
agency market this week with peace of mind for those of our 
foe formal launch of Prudential clients who get caught up in a 
Property Services in the East chain of home sales 
Anglia area. The Prudential’s entry into 

In addition to home sales, estate agency comes after its 
surveys, mortgages and in- acquisition of foe east Anglian 
surance. PPS will offer a firm of Ekins Dilley and 
removal service and a “chain- Handley, with 12 offices. In a 
breaking service" designed to statement, the company said it 
end the frustrations often, regarded the PPS launch as a 
suffered by buyers waiting to' natural extension to foe range of 
sell their own homes. insurance and other financial 

The new company will services it provided 
guarantee foe sale of foe Mr Tony Freeman, new 
property at a price based on an chairman of PPS, said when foe 
independent valuation, in order project was first announced last 
to allow foe buyer to break out June, that if it was a success, 
of the chain foat often exists. Prudential would embark on a 

The scheme is intended to big expansion in foe estate 
break even. Mr Graham Clay, agency field. 

Eden rejected idea of union strike ballots 

In the last of his surveys of Cabinet documents for 1955 
. released this week at the Public Records Office. DAVID 
WALKER finds that Sir Anthony Eden considered policies 
later adopted by Mrs Thatcher on trade unions, vocational 
education and the building of an official convention centre 
opposite Westminster Abbey. 

Concern over Labour’s 
all-in schools policy 

Kevin Bartow, 
a last appeal 

A quarter of a century before 
Mrs Thatcher, foe Conservative 
government led by Sir Anthony 
Eden considered forcing . trade 
unions to hold secret ballots 
before taking strike action. A 
secret Cabinet memorandum 
prepared by . Sir . Walter 
Mdnckton,. foe -Minister of 
Labour, discusses how to 
combat “a serious deterioration 
in industrial relations”. 

The frrst suggestion is to 
impose a legal requirement of a 
secret ballot before strike 
action, “To protect the indivi- 
dual member from pressure and 
to encourage a high proportion 
of foe membership to vote, it 
might be - preferable in some 
cases for the ballot to be 
conducted by post, and m 
national disputes of major 
importance it might be desir- 
able for the resnlfe to be 
published for foe information of 
foe public”. Sir Walter said. 

A file of Eden's personal 
correspondence now available 
shows that he was lobbied by 
Lord Nuffield, founder of foe 
Moms motor car company. 
Nuffield came privately to 10 
Downing Street and told Eden 
that after a lifetime in the car 
industry he bdieved a secret 

ballot alone could solve indus- 
trial problems. 

He went to warn Eden that 
the Electrical Trade s U nion, 
forerunner of the EETPU of 
today, was in a “dangerous 
situation, being communist- 
led”. It was a prime example. 
Nuffield said, oi a union which 
would be ranch better if its 
officials were elected by secret 

Within five years foe ETU 
was wracked by allegations of 
ballot rigging and a fierce 
internal battle which brought 
foe present Lord Chappell to 
power. But Eden was uncon- 
vinced, and took Monckton’s 
conciliatory line. 

Monckton. in a memor- 
andum. said: “it is essential foat 
any government initiative in the 
field of industrial relations 
should carry the greatest poss- 
ible measure of TUC approval 
and concurrence”. 

The minister believed that 
secret ballots would not end 
unofficial action, which was 
then rife in foe docks and 
transport industries. He hoped 
(vainly as it turned out) foat foe 
TUC could help reduce the 
volume of inter-union demar- 
cation disputes. 

In a memorandum dated 
April 20 1955, Sir David 
Eccles, Minister of Education, 
warned his colleagues that 
Labour's policy of making all 
secondary schools into compre- 
bensives would succeed, unless 
the Tories could come up with 
some answer to what he called 
widespread resentment on the 
part of parents whose children 
tailed the ll-plos examination. 

Describing the alternatives, 
be said: “Feelings about the 11 
plus force a move towards 
selection for nobody or selec- 
tion for all. Selection for 
nobody means comprehensive 
schools with grammar schools 
abolished and partents* choice 
practically ruled onL 

"Selection for all means 
developing in each secondary 
school some special attraction 
and giving parents the widest 
possible choice.” 

The way to do that was to 
make secondary schools into 
“magnets” by allowing them to 
develop specialisms and pnt on 
more vocational courses. Sir 
David talked of constructing an 
“alternative route” to higher 
qualifications and well-paid 
jobs leading from the secondary 
moderns and technical schools 
through foe colleges of tech- 

Mrs Thatcher’s policy of 
“assisted places” in public 
schools paid for by the 
Government was considered in 
1955. Sir David concluded that 
this would be difficult politi- 
cally. Instead, he argued for 
bringing the public schools 
closer to the state system, for 
example by changes in their 
entrance requirement giving a 
better chance to candidates 
educated at state primary 




The Cabinet spent many 
hours in 1955 worrying about 
foe future of foe site of foe 
former Westminster Hospital 
on foe plot of land bounded by 
Great George Street, Storey's 
Gate and Broad Sanctuary. 

An ambitious plan was 
hatched to buy and demolish 
foe Middlesex Guildhall, head- 
quarters of foe Royal Insti- 
tution of Chartered Surveyors 
and foe Institution of Civil 

The Treasury was not too 
happy with foe scheme. An 
alternative use lor foe site was 
mooted: building a huge con- 
vention centre to hous^- eve 4s 
such as the General Assembly 
of foe United Nations. Thirty 
years later the convention 
centre is nearing completion. 

Conflict on Falklands 6 Very unlikely’ 

The year was one of continu- 
ing tension between Britain and 
Argentina over the Falkland 
Islands and Argentine claims on 
Antarctica. In secret appreci- 
ation, foe British military 
attache in Buenos Aires, Briga- 
dier C D T Wynn-Pope, said he 
thought that foe Argentine 
military was the best in South 

America, with the possible 
exception of foe Brazilian, 
although Argentines had not 
been involved in a war since 

“It would appear that the 
army can be keved up to 
produce good results by Euro- 
pean standards on special 
occasions; but it is doubtful 

whether these could be repro- 
duced in an armed conflict with 
Great Britain over foe Falkland 

“Nevertheless foe national 
spirit and a belief in foe 
rightness of their cause could 
quite possibly make any army 
units concerned a force to be 
reckoned with 


Tehran pledge to support 
Gadaffi raises tension 
closer to breaking point 

By Robert Fisk, Middle East Correspondent 

As a US naval taUt Torre led The Israelis are still com- warning during a meeting with 
hv i he aircraft earner Coral Sea plaining about Syria's ami-air- the Iranian- Ambassador to 
left Naples yesterday for an craft missile deployment inside Libya who. according to the 
undisclosed destination in the its frontier with Lebanon, while official Iranian news agency, 

. Mediterranean. Iran announced Israel's continued occupation of carried with him a message of 
that it would respond to any southern Lebanon has/ pro- thanks from Colonel Gadaffi for 
American attack on Libya and voked new attacks on its Iran's support, 
give its “unsparing support" to Lebanese militia allies, by The Gulf states, which have 
Colonel Gadaffi's regime in the Lebanese guerrillas. always feared that Iran would 

event of "foreran invasion". The growing confrontation escalate the tanker war bv 

In Tripoli, the Libyan capital, may not, however, lead to attacking oil fields in Kuwait 
•the Government-controlled conflict! Egypt was again urging the Emirates or even to Saudi 
radio claimed that large anti- restraint yesterday on Israel to Arabia, will have read Mr 
American demonstrations in preserve what is left of the Rafsanjani’s words with par- 
towns and nlies throughout the American “peace process*’. But ticular care. So too will the 
country had promised lo defend if either side decides on a Americans, who can least afford 
Lihva 'against US or Israeli wholesale military option, the a new crisis in. the Gulf at the 
attack. results seem certain to spread very moment when they might 

With Israel now threatening throughout the region. be contemplating military 

to retaliate for rocket attacks on If the Iranian statement, by action against Libya, 
nonhem Galilee from southern Hojatolislam Aii Akbar Hashe- Libyan state radio spent 
Lebanon as well as for the mi-Rafsanjani. Speaker of the several hours yesterdav repeat- 



massacres by Palestinian gun- Iranian Parliament. was ing the details of Colonel 
men at Rome and Vienna couched in the usual rhetoric, it Gadaffi's latest press confer- 
airpons. the Middle East is now was dearly intended none the cnee, including those passages 
embroiled in one of those all- less to cause concern to the in which he gave his specific 
loo-famihar periods of intense Americans and lo those Gulf support for Abu Nidal. leader of 
political anxiety and sabre-rat- stales which fear an Iranian the Palestinian assassination 
thug that usually precedes attack on their territories. squad whom the Italians believe 

military action. Mr Rafsanjani gave his were responsible for the raur- 

PLO claims shot driver 
was Mossad agent 

Beirut I AFP) - Force 17. a 
PI.O group, claimed responsi- 
bility yesterday for the murder 
on Thursday of a taxi driver 
near Tel Aviv. and claimed that 
he was an agent of the Israeli 
intelligence service. Mossad. 

An anonymous telephone 
caller to a news agency here 
said that a commando named 
after All Zeibak. one of 70 
victims of the October I Israeli 
air raid on the PLO head- 
quarters in Tunis, had killed 
the taxi driver. 

out terrorism as the motive 
t David Bernstein reports from 
-Jerusalem). The driver. Mr 
Yaarov Hashvili, from Ramie, 
south-east of Tei Aviv, had 
been shot in the head at close 

the Palestinian assassination 
squad whom the Italians believe 
were responsible for the mur- 
ders at Rome airport. 

“When Abu Nidal is finished, 
others like him . . . will 
emerge." the Libyan leader was 
quoted as saying. ' 

Amid the growing tension 
came a curious report in the 
Kuwaiti newspaper Al-Rai Al- 
Am, claiming that the Syrians 
have just taken delivery of 250 
Soviet made T80 tanks and that 
100 of these arc already 
deployed opposite Israeli troops 

catch up 
with Paris 

Sour note 
on fishing 
in EEC 

owing 1 1 million francs (£1 
million) in back taxes, officials 
'said yesterday. 

The 62-year-old “madame”. 

Berlaymont EEC headquarters - 
a new Commission was un- 
veiled yesterday' giving Spain 
and Portugal control of social 

who ran the most exclusive and affcirs, financial instruments 
expensive call-girl service in and fisheries. 

Paris in the 1960s and 1970s, 
was arrested-on New Year's Eve 
in a small country bouse in the 
south-western village of Cajarc. 

Already sentenced several 
times on tax . and procuring 
charges, Madame Claude fled to 
the US in 1977 but is believed 
to have returned shortly before 

The allocation of the fishing 
portfolio to Portugal caused 
immediate dissension between 
the two new members, with 
some Spanish officials com- 
plaining that Madrid and 
Lisbon have in the past come to 
blows over fishing rights. But 
this sour note was- lost in the 


village neighbour. hadnm gone lo Spain, which 

tt j • • • has the most powerful fishine 

Hostages in jail fleet In the Community. 

rfcina frppil Neither of the two Spanish 

A loilig Al WU commissioners, Seflor Manuel 

New York - The prison Marin and Senor Abel Matutes, 
rebellion in West Virginia, m ^ given high-powered and 
which three prisoners were high profile portfolios. The two 
stabbed to death, ended yester- British commissioners. Lord 
day with -the release of the Cockfiekl and Mr Stanley 
remaining seven hostages and Clinton Davis, successfully 
talksLonUie inmates' grievances fought off attempts to reduce 
( T !£ vor «« WTltes V their range of responsibilities 

The deal between the pns- with Mr Clinton Davis retain- 
oners’ leaders and the ; authr ip£ both- environment: and 
anues ended ; the. 4_-hour transport despite rumours that 
rebellion in which about 200 the crucial transport portfolio 
men seized the prison and took would go to Madrid. . 

16 prison staff as hostages. The 

officials promised no reprisals Senor Marin, aged 36. ac- 

Police say they are consider- on the Golan Heights. 

ilra/fi/ „ „ „ „ .. _ .. _ . . „ . omciais pro mi sea no reprisals aenoi maiui, ugcu ju, ac- 

Lord Carrington (left) with Senor Felipe Gonzalez, the Spanish Prime Minister, on the but j ns i ste d on taking action quires social affars, employ- 

UUOpS IVTailnil'c IVAnm-lfto Polaiv vaiitanlav C^tinr Marpic 5j»rra til A. iVTinietpr .L. aAuHi!i,n 

ing all possibilities, in dud ing 
terrorism. They note that Mr 
Hashvili was not known to 
them, and had no criminal 

This was the second recent 
attack on a Jewish taxi, and 

The Kuwaiti press is notori- 
ously unreliable: indeed, the 
T80 was last reported likelihood 
is. that no such tanks have 
arrived in Syria. Damascus is 
likely, however, to have re- 
inforced its army below Golan 

Israeli police are not ruling in Jerusalem last wiek. 

of a surprise Israeli attack. 

steps of Madrid's Mondoa Palace yesterday. Sefior Narcis Serra, the-Defence Minister, is against those responsible for the ment, education and training. 

in the centre. killings. Employment is taken from Herr 

Alois Pfeiffer of West Germany, 

Nato may bend rules for Spain s f e die iSfcS&S 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid « it Su . th ? ri!md ’ I™h -Cbm- 

Harare (AP) - Unita rebels missioner, who retains the 

Spain's withdrawal would for maintaining the country's mittee while not being in its ambushed and killed five competition portfolio, 
mean “a very grave weakening" non-nuclear status. military structure. .Angolans from the Caluquembe Matutes. aced 44 M ; nc 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

in ambush 

follows the stabbine of adriver lo guard against the possibility Spain's withdrawal would for maintaining the country’s mittee while not being in its 

w _ _ r _ ■ _ V « • ■ I main w i i>am omvo iDaolraninfl nnn_niir*lMi- ctfttnC mihlin/ etni^Vura 

US considers military strike 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

mean “a very grave weakening" non-nuclear status, 
of the Atlantic alliance. Lord - "If you look at history, quite 
Carrington, the Nato Secretary a lot of Nato countries are in 
General, said here yesterday, special positions; they have 
But he linked this with a clear been understood and taken care 
indication that the other Nato of by the alliance. . It's perfectly 
governments might be agreeable possible A la carte. It's for the 
to Spain achieving its own other countries to decide how 

Thr R reran Adminictnitinn -.- -i ■ ■ „;i ; .. . . . , to 5pain acnieviog iis own outer countries to aeciae now 

furious m ColonriGadiffi's from * ° 1,Iinpons 5fJ_ h j? ™J.. I L^ u,d . bc speciff degree ofplrticipation it’s, done." Lord Carrington 

reluctant to take joint action 

support for international lerror- The Administration has used with Israel, 
ism. is reviewing possibilities ominous language in denounc- The Administration realises 
for a military strike against j n g the Libyan leader. “Wc that the speculation of recent 
Libya, while urging West particularly abhor Gadaffi’s days has reduced the element of 

European allies to follow the US making excuses for the indis- surprise and allowed Libyan 

lead in imposing political and criminate slaughter of innocent planes to be dispersed and 
economic sanctions. men, women and children, and guerrillas in training camps to 

. Cora l 7^ rejecting the fact that these were prepare for an attack. Sources 

has sailed from Naples, and US pure ac t s Q f terrorism," the say that a Soviet intelligence 
forces in the central Mediler- state Department spokesman ship is relaving infoimation 
ranean are being strengthened, said. President Reagan angrily about the US build-up lo Soviet 
Options for military retaliation, denounced “fellas who think it's advisers in Libya, 
either in support or indepen- ajj right to shoot 11 -year-old Washington feels equally 

“alS 1, S’lSl .... . frustrated in its attempt to ! 

being kept open, and the Despite nationwide anger and enforce a real economic boy- 
Pentagon has drawn up a frustration at the repeated cott, especiallv in view of the 

contingency list of bombing killing of Americans by terror- reluctance of leading West 

in Western defence. xuu. ... juaax^trios. • # • 

Lord Carrington made his His visit at the invitation of Setter Gonzalez emphasized (IIP 171 Ppril 

audience laugh when he told a Senor Gonzalez, comes a couple that his government wished to xaxv- aaa j. vi u 

joint press conference with of months before the socialist define Spain's responsibilities in miPTTlllfl 

Senor Gonzalez, the Spanish government is expected to hold the alliance while preserving gUviima aiiavA 


His visit at the invitation of 

military structure. 

Lord Carrington, who had 
lunched with the Prime Minis- 
ter. also saw Senor Serra, the 
Defence Minister/ and Senor 
Francisco Fernandez Ordonez, 
the Foreign Minister, for. a' 
second time. Today he is to 
have an audience with King 
Juan Carlos. 

Sefior GonzAIez emphasized 

joint press conference with of months before the socialist define Spain's responsibilities in 
Sefior Gonzalez, the Spanish government is expected to hold the alliance while preserving 
Prime Minister, that as he was a referendum on whether Spain what he said was an essential 
“in a sense, the chef of Nato, I should stay in Nato. t element in Nato, namely, 

naturally prefer the menu but I _ “Anything is possible in Nato respect for each member coun- 
understand if there are those if 

element in Nato, namely, 
respect for each member coun- 

co untnes are try’s sovereignty. 

who prefer lo eat A la carte". prepared or want it- to happen: Senor 

Spanish membership of Nato there arc no hard and fast that re 
& la carte is the phrase coined rules". Lord Carrington said . military 
here to cover Madrid's desire of when asked if the alliance coaid by Mac 
not inteigrating fully into accept Spain's belonging, to the winning 
Nato's command structure, and Nato . Defence Planning Com- endum. 

Sefior Serra, made it clear 
that remaining outside the 
military structures was regarded 
by Madrid as the - price for 
winning a close-run refer- 

. L uLgoians irom cue ^luquemoe Sefior Matutes, aged 44, gains 
mission hospital staffed by crediu investments and Sn- 
Canadians m the south-west ^ instruments, subjects on 
Huila province on New \ears which he ^ overshadowed 
Eve, a Canadian diplomat, Mr ^ M Jacques Delos, -the 
James Fox, reported. Commission President and a 

Braahan nuremg sitters former French finance minister, 
watii theparty were bdieved to Matutes also has re- 

have been abducted. sponsibffity for small and 

j • • ■ medium-sized businesses; a 

XO (lie 111 X Cm subject close to the heart of Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher. 

guerrilla attack ^ allocation of fisheries to 

Lima (AP)-Sixteen peasants Senhof Antonio Cardoso Con- 
and two rebels were killed when ha, aged 52, the new com- 
Sendero Luminoso (Shining missioner from Portugal, is at 
Path) guerrillas attacked the the expense of Mr Frans 
Andean village of Agua Blanca, Andriessen of The Netherlands, 
in Huanuco department, on Mr Andriessen keeps control of 

New Year’s Day, according to a I agriculture and win benefit 

military communique. 

from the fact that The Nether- 

. . . . . . , isis, the Administration is European countries such as 

The Administration is also cautious about its military West Germany to cut the flow 
considering offering a reward options, refusing to discuss of Libyan oil. 
for the capture of Abu Nidal, contingency plans. Though .The US banned its import in 
the terrorist Irader thought to be publicly scorning to reply to 1982 and has enforced a 
sheltering in Libya. _ Colonel Gadaffi’s threat against significant reduction in trade 

State Department officials are Americans in Libya, it is well with Libya: US exports, about 
meanwhile expected lo seek aware of the danger to the 1,500 $860million (£600million) in 
urgent meetings to persuade US citizens there, whom it has 1979. fell to less than S2QGmil- 
aihed leaders to cut all trade urged repeatedly to leave. lion in 1984. No strategic US 

.. Washington is also anxious exports are allowed. . 

and economic links with Libya 

Reagan flies in for 
Mexican summit 

The guerrillas were killed by lands has just taken 'over the 
members of a - civil defence presidency of the Council of 
patrol formed by villagers under Ministers, 
military guidance. 

Two Arabs 
. charged 
in Belgium 

From Richard Owen 

Two suspected Arab terror- 
ists who were ariesied in 
Belgium on Monday were 
>esierday charged with forming j 
a “criminal association" with | 
the intention of attacking ; 
persons and properly and 
remanded in custody for a 

But it is ttiU not dear 
whether the two men, who 
arrived in Brussels the day after 
the airport massacres at Rome 
and Vienna, were connected 
with these attacks. 

Investigation into the two 
Arabs and an alleged Belgian 
accomplice is taking place amid 
Sind secrecy and security. 
Neither the names of the two 
Arabs nor their nationality has 
vet been released. The court 
hearing yesterday at Hasselt. 
not far from Brussels, was held 
in closed session. There were ! 
reports that the two suspects 
had been named in court. 

They were observed by police at 
Brussels airport when they 
arrived from Athens last Satur- 
day, and were followed to the 
home in Hassalt of a Belgian 
arms dealer named Danny 
.Engels, at first identified by 
police only by his initials. 

Police uncovered a large arms 
cache as well as explosives at 
Mr Engels' home and at his 
video shop in HassalL He has 
previous convictions for illegal 
possession of arms, and was 
also remanded at yesterday's 
hearing. The explosives in- 
cluded 241bs of TNT of East 
' Eureopcan origin. 

Americans in Libya, it is wU with Libya: US exports, about From John Carlin 

aware of the danger to the 1,500 $860million (£600million> in Mexicali. Mexico 

US citizens there, whom it has 1979. fell to less than S20Gmil- lexicau, texico 

urged repeatedly to leave. lion in 1984. No strategic US Economic and financi al 
- a „fr nrl ln , Washington is also anxious exports are allowed. measures to allay fears of 

in a concerted etiort to cnpple jh a , an y m j|j lary ^rikp should President Reagan has mean- social unrest in Mexico were 

i r« not so 'arouse the Arab world while accused the Soviet Union expected to be high on the 

,hat il endangers the peace and Cuba of aiding terrorist agenda as President Reagan 

Commerce ternary, y«terday process and weakens further the movements in the western arrived by helicopter in this 

cai,e “ , 9“ jKSS? position of Arab moderates hemisphere, saying the link was border town for talks with 

around the world to do more, such as King Husain of Jordan, “increasingly dear*. President de la Madrid. 

— — — According to American 

. . officials. President Reagan will 

express support for the request 
Mexico has made to the 
international financial com- 
munity for new loans this year 
totalling 54 billion (£2.7 bil- 

At least this amount will be 
needed, according to econom- 
ists. if it is to continue making 
debt payments to the banks - 
most of them American - and 
sustain a system of subsidies 
deemed essential to prevent 
widespread labour unrest. 

Washington has been in- 
creasingly alarmed during the 
past year at the spectacle or a 
Mexican government appar- 
ently losing both its economic 
grip and its political credibility, 
a state which was accelerated 
by brazen fraud in elections in 
July and the earthquake 
catastrophe in September. 

Mexico, the third biggest 
trading partner of the US, was 
obliged this week to cut the 
price of its oil by 90 cents, to 
524 a barrel. The prospect of 

. more price fella ftia year could 

A_ farewell embrace for President Gemayel of Lebanon prove disastrous for Mexico, 
(right) from President Assad of Syria in Damascus the economy of which depends 







■; v.* 


Embassyofficial said. employment t 

Friends in Nairobi speculated 
that MsFossey might have been 

employment, education and train- 
ing (Spain); Claude Cheysaon, 
Mediterranean poftay and North- 

Mediterranean policy and North- 
South relations (France); Alois 



* JSftSJ but the 

embassy ofifeial said police had pofley, statistics (West Germany); 
not confirmed this. Grigoris Varfis, structural functe, 

n a , consumer protection (Greece); 

A ORCberS Shot w ®» de Clwcq, external relations 
Auavuvreauui and trade (Belgium); Nicolas 

Harare (AP) - Zimbabwean Mosar, energy, Euratom (Luxem- 
game rangers this week shot bourgfc Stanley Clinton Davis, 

(right) from President Assad of Syria in Dai 
yesterday, after a round of inconclusive talks. 

heavily on oil for export income 

and the payment of its debt of 
nearly $100 million. 

President Reagan made dear 
the importance he attaches to 
his talks with President de la 
Madrid when he said in an 
interview this week with a 
Mexican news agency that the 
US relationship with Mexico 
was “as complex as with the 
United Kingdom, France or 

- “Two countries so close to 
each other have a great effect 
ou one another . . . Mexico's 
problems are felt in the US." 

The two president's met after 
a year in which US-Mexicaa 
relations, always suspicious, 
were the tensest they hare been 
in a decade. Apart from 
growing alarm in Washington 
that the Mexico “domino*' was 
finally beginning to teether, the 
flow of drugs from Mexico into 
the US reached its highest level 

Mexico's attempts to stop 
the drug traffic - aided this 
year with mflUons of dollars 
from the US - are expected to 
be another subject of discussion 
between the two leaders. 

Poachers shot 

iliUiuuj gui imuM ., 

Safer birth Workers held in 7110 new Comhi|sslon . 

for women Fossey inquiry (Fmnce); Lorenzo Natafi, 

Over ? ol,ce ^ drtaraed several ture, forestry (The Netherlands); 

„ _ dozen workers from a remote Lord Cocfcfiela, Internal market, 

rrom i revor r is h lock . research station formerly run by customs union, taxation (Britain); 
New York the American gorilla expert, Henning Chrtetophereen, budget, 

It has become safer for Di£ui F ossey, aged 53, who was personnel and admlnfetratian (Den- 
American women over 35 to murdered bat month, a US 

have babies. The rate of deaths Embassy official said. .. STrSrib cSolS; 
associated with pregnancy and Fnen^ m Nairobi peculated STurth- 

childbirth has halved in the past ^ South relations (France); Alois 

10 years, a report published -poachm, but the PfoWer, economic affaire, regional 

yesterday said. embassy oflictm^said police had pofley, statistics (West Germany); 

Since more women over 35 not coni irmed uus. Grigoris Varfis, structural funds, 

are becoming mothers for the -tv consumer protection (Greece); 

first time, many having post- A ORCbCFS SUOl Wffly de Ctercq, external relationj 
poned starting a family for J™ 1 

career reasons, the report is Harare CA?) -.Zimbabwean Mosar, energy, Eu ratom (Luxem- 
encouraainE. Same- rangers this week shot brafBK Stanley Clinton Davis, 

Between 1974 and 1978 the dead foi^Zapibian poachers in 
mortality rate among older J? Z^ibczi vaUey where Wack 3e2w , 1 kStufeS ™Sftaire 
women was 47 5 per 100,000 5}?°^ Bi^Sa, tSSSi 

live births. In 1982 it had fiiDen and Womiation (Italy); Pstar 

to 24.2 deaths. In 1974-78, 9.5 wtfa high ydcteity rffies, Sutherland, competition, relations 

per cent of women over 35 luva baefc betore being IriUcd. with the Europ6an Parliament (Irish 

having babies were having their j. j. Republic): Antomo Cardoso e 

first child. In 1982. the percent- Uu^KR DrOtCSt S unha > "sberies (Portugal); Abe! 
age was 14.7\jercenL ' _ Matutes, credit, investment 

The death rate has declined - (Khutor) - About financial instruments, smalt and 

for a number of reasons. ^ 5,000 striking Government nwxfium-slzed businesses (Spain); 
taludinE SSl advanSS doctors, enginem and ^cnl- KorMteini tterj.^ 

t urals marched through the affsirs - m formation technology, 
^V^^stSokiS Bangladesh capital In j^Sestat g and sdence 
alcohol and pocTdiet, Also! the arrest of seven colleagues. 

women are having 'fewer chil- r — — — 

dren, and fewer children lessen . • -v«' • • _ # _ . # 

women over 35 were having AllStT8llft0S drink most in 

their fourth of fifth child. In the • .171 w 1 • -* ■* 

ir 9 ^,S ymhaving,heirf “ a English-speaking world 

Dhaka protest cSi5I te Ssh^ n porSSr*be , i 

, ■ • * Miitutos, credit. Investment 

. Dhaka (Reuter) - About financial instruments, smart and 
25,000 striking Government nwfium-sfzed businesses (Spain); 
doctors.- engineers and agricnl- Kari-Hein* Narjes, industrial 
t urals inarched through the a ^ B ' rs , information technology, 


Bangladesh capital in protest at 
the surest of seven colleagues. 



their fourth of fifth child. In the tti 1 1 • i 1 

^^yarehavingtheirfirst EngUSh-SpeaKlIlg WOrlfl 

1 Tallin the death rate ran Sydney’! (AFP) - Australians 1 1 drank six or more elasses of 
also be attributed to the higher no^dnriktaofe than any other alcohol a dav'anH ui 8 ™^^ 

° f 5^-speaking ■ people a£ 11 \2PJg 

Readers take sides over divorce story 

older women having children, cording to. a 'survey' 10 be dTy" “ ' — 

In general, poorer people have published in The Medical - Health 

higher mortality rates. - Journal of Australia, which sSo shovSd 

The report, published in the expressed concern over diSt 1 175 dStiif S&bSSSTZ 
Journal of the American Medi- ing by children. .. alcohol^ 

cal Association, says “although it said Australia ranked 12th grow? ^ 
older women will probably in the world overall for per SSdSS*^ * 371 
le to be at higher nsk of capita alcohol consumption, TSr^dnrifnn L ; 

aged 1 1 and older drank'Cvcry 

Health Department statistics 

From Mary Lee 

A real-life family drama, 
centring on the issue of divorce, 
which unfolded in print in early 
December has drawn many 
letters in support of ending 
loveless marriages. The case 
involves a 50-year-old man, Mr 
Yang An, (a pseudoayinn) and 
his 39-year -old wife, Ms Zhou 
Jing (also a pseudonym). 

Mr Yang sued for divorce in 
1983 after a 13-year marriage 
which they had entered Into 
daring the Cnltural Revolution 

Ms Zhou raised strong 
Objections to the divorce, which 
was granted a year later. The 
court’s decision sent the wife 
into “hysterical paralysis". She 
threatened suicide but later 
agreed to the divorce on the 
condition that Mr Yang paid 
her 30,000 yuan (about £7,000). 

Mr Yang was unable to raise 
that amount of money, and the 
court “had to withhold its 
verdict" which in turn sent the 
husband into despair. He also 
threatened to commit suicide. 

The case has so far drawn 
more than 400 letters of 

Eureopcan origin. . believing- that thtt were “a ®ore than letters of 

There are reports that Signor good ma { C i, politically’*. Hie comments from readers, China 
Domenica Sicca, the exami- china Legal News wttch first Local News said. Many who 
airing magistrate in Rome, ^ the story commented “At supported the husband said Ms 
‘ would travel to Brussels shortly ^ time political background Zhou’s demands were unjnstifi- 
to investigate possible Jinks ^ ^ mfl j n consideration, able and that the court should 
between the two Aras and the erea j a marriage." HOt 3™ to faer saicide threat, 

attack at Rome airport, but the Today, according to the Sympathy for Mr Yang is also 
Belgian authorities could not canitm Dailv ihe tvuic&l based on the feet that, not long 
coS these. . yo^wonSntookSts for a ***** “^8^, MB Zhou 

Security at Brussels airport M ^ “three ^r 

has been tightened since the Mpha ~ _ a salary than order xludi ended ffieir sex Hfe 

attacks and there is speculation j^T a high educational level ?»*. shatt 5^ hopes of 
that Brussels was on a acond and that he be more than 5ft having a chBd. 
hit list with Fans and Madrid 6b tall. • Mr Zhang Yonyu, president 

Mr Zhang Yonyu, president 

of the Law Society, also wrote 
to the paper saying: “Divorce is 
not a bad thing for society and 
a couple who have lost their 
affection for each other and 
cannot tolerate living together.** 

Letters in support of the 
woman condemned Mr Yang 
for trying to divorce a sick wife 
who had no relatives to whom 
she could turn. 

China Legal News said it 
published the case In detail 
to solicit readers’ opinions on 
the legal and ethical issues 


A Peking district court 
official was quoted as saying 
that some people refused to 
divorce "simply because they 
want to take revenge on their 
marital partners**. Others said 
that such refusals were due to 
difficulties of remarriage and 
consideration for the children. 
(The couple adopted a child in 

Since 1981, when the 
marriage law was revised and 
altowed for “complete aUentfoo 
of mutual affection" as grounds' 

for divorce, the divorce rate in 
China has been steadily rising 
to around 500,000 in 1984. 
According to the magazine 
Chinese Women the record 
number of divorces in China 
occurred in 1953, when the 
communists introduced a 
marriage law breaking the 

“feudalist matrimonial rela- 
tions rampant in old China. In 
those days, arranged marriages 
in which neither husband nor 
wife (usually a young girl) had 
a say in the. choice of spouse 
were the norm. 

The magazine said that such 
marriages still exist in the 
countryside due to diehard 
feodalistic ways. 

An official in the Supreme 
People's Court, Ms Wen 
Huffing, however, maintains 
that despite China’s rising 
divoice rate, the institution of : 
marriage remains extremely 1 
stable and lhat dhow « not as ' 
serious a nodal problem as in 
the Soviet Union and some 
Western countries. 

continue lo be at higher risk of capita alcohol consmn 
maternal death, recent trends and Ihg there had tx 
should be reassuring to younger significant increase in dr 
women considering postpone- by women in rec e nt years. 

V j* 6 ?. a Mr Stephen Wallace, ofVictoria 

, !^S^ indrmldllg Colle ^ MnlbouS, aid “ 
£ considerable .proportion of 

ment of pregnancy and to A cause of concern was 01 

women 35 or older contemplat- excessive drinking by children. the^SSf adheres ff? 
inu nmmanrv TTe. S.-.2 ttie credo that anv excuse will 

mg pregnancy. 


fees m China ” — • . 

SS the Lanka checks tea exports for Doison 


«ed marriages after the Sh and *VS mJELS* *9“ for a senlrate 

aramic nao been m meats iraant for 
consignments, authoritative been poisoned. POrt 
sources said here yesterday. * -Wi» - 

pe Sri Lanta tom*# U»Ttta££ SS’SJSF*.. 0 ' 
aad Sn Lrnto Te* Board !hl ^ 

guemllas had muted arsenic whoSdMt want 10 
powder in a consignment of tea He rif? 1 ® namcd - 
Jor export but confirmed that resume tea emoroe^S 1 ^ TOuId 
preraubons** were being taken, satisfied tea^Sd 

^There is nothing new in this Doisoued Th» rf" btecn 
type of thnat S have b«n ^ 

similar ones earher and neccss- Cw ® s 

A senior official for a ^ 


Calc utta Telegraph ^ 
JJat according to rumours in 
™ tea trade, arsenic powder 
wa *.. I ?fr? e d..with a large tea 

consignment for exprt to the 

• British Department ; tf 
Health said yesterday: tte 

aware of threats to confomiiiste 
tea with arsenic or potastiinn 
but there it :: no 
cwdenos to suggest that any- 
ihing like this has happened;#' 
is certainly still safe to driokjea 

frnported from Sri Xjmkit *4d 

we shall b keeping dbi^Hiteh, 

to ensure that it remains^ / 


^ ri 

V r ' 

Paris (Reuter). - Feroande ■'Fkw , a KicfaajndOweii 
Grubet, better known as the Brussels 

notorious Madame Claude who After a political re-division of 
once operated France's biggest the spoDs of EEC membership - 
luxury call-girl network, is inevitably dubbed the “mght of 
under arrest on charges of t^ e long knives”, at the 

[5 gnp 




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IT?? I lfl fl 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

bann^a y fi -described the ban as At the time she was employed 

Sfa^TKgtaJSEdg a V district, *njpa £?£ 

ridtts «tNSTSr!b “ SdH ■■ ■ Sbe. -at “it demoorat*. 

today m the black township of the Government's ' inability to 

Fort Elizabeth. • .T^T .. tderate-«hat- would - be - an l**«2 “«*•«»«. Provincial 

Brigadier Ernest Scfanartef. faonnons outpouring of regard 

W££; &■■ ^V«SS«& 

i^Sfi^-Dr Orr,-V*o plans to suits 

srsSSSS^ sawjg 

ship unrest P ° mts town " blacks hdd raider the state of matton Sendee, said she had 
Mrs BlacHwirn wu ■ emergency, has resigned from applied for an interim post with 
car ha post withihe Cape Provin- a dime in the Alexandra black. 

Tfi nnn hlnrlre fir L i r TT~ 'r m rfeailQ . AtTUlOmy aner tuwjusuip oumuc J wumuiw oure. 

Sstern D S f 6 ^ving death thrarts over the She said the threats to her life 

S2S? .telephone. bad been reported to the poHce 

Say m PQrt . - She said-yesterday: -I have and ■ate . iad changed^ 

Mrs Di.„ Bishop, another : ^ ^ unhappy for. some ™hsted 

leading dvfl rights activist vSo time anetthe death threats have telephone number, 
was badly injured in the crash, justaddedto my misery.” ' . police yesterday reported 

said yesterday: “The. nnh, - -t- 1n*4 : J filllp nuww rlMfhe in .er mriniuul 

said yesterday. “The on jy 
reason I can think of for the ban 
is that they, find This of 
occasion a threat to the survival 
of apartheid”. . 

Mrs Helen Suzman, - the 
veteran Progressive Federal 

receiving death threats over the 

She said- yesterday: “I have 
: been very unhappy for . some 
lime ancLthe death threats have 
just added to my misery. 11 

,\ v, Eale last year Dr'Ori and 43 
. other ' applicants obtained ' an 
: injunction from the Port Eliza- 
beth Supreme Court ordering 
the police to restrain .from 
systematically assaulting' de- 

>A-:t . u . u .i»h ~r< r^R. i ui . J 

She said the threats to her life 
bad been reported to the police 
and ’she . had changed '-her 
addres s and »iH»n an 
telephone number. 

Police yesterday reported 
four more deaths, in continued 
black - township violence - 
bringing -the toll for the first 
three days of the year to at least 
20- All four were killed in black- 
on-black ara an pding to 


f ' 

M . 

WpZ A 

K . :vsts *»:■■ 

ftwjfi- ' •si-.r. 




'■%#: ■ 

Bedouin smugglers being paraded by police at Bilbeis, Egypt, yesterday in front of a cache of hashish slabs and a Russian 
AFC47 rifle. The men were arrested with the haul in the desert east of Cairo. 

for record 
bid crew 

Cor unna (Reuter) - Five 
surviving crew of a giant French 
catamaran which foundered off 
the Spanish coast during a 
transatlantic record bid were 
airlifted to a hospital in this 
northwestern Spanish city. 

Coastguard officials said > a 
sixth crew member, Jean Cas- 
tennet, went missing when the 
yacht Jet Services, named alter 
the sponsor company, capsized 
in a gale three days ago and was 
presumed dead. 

Doctors at the hospital in 
Corunna said one of the crew, 
Mark Griliemat, was seriously 
injured. But the skipper, Atlan- 
tic record-holder Patrick 
Morvaru and three other crew 
members were in good health. 

Cocaine leads rise in world drugs abuse Karajan check 

O Vienna ( AFP) - Herbert 

Fear of the unknown 


Health authorities in Boston 
are being badgered by a doctor 
who wants Aids victims sent to 
an. island off the Massachu setts 
coast that was once a leper 
colony. . . ... .1! 

Fear of Aids is as much a 
phenomenon as Aids itself 
Although .no- one knows 
whether the virus is spread 
through saliva, an Aids carrier 
in Michigan has been charged 
with trying to murder four 
policemen by spitting at them. - 

Numerous voices in America 
are being raised in an effort to 
calm anxiety and hysteria. But 
in many minds Aids has taken' 
on the terrifying characteristics ' 
of a plague.^ • • 

Some churches have stopped 
using the common communion 
cup. People have become 
nervous about - eating in 
restaurants with homosexual 
staff A couple visiting New 
Orleans reported being so 
frightened of eating but that 
they lived off tinned food in 
their. hotel room. 

In cities like New York and 
San Francisco, with .high levels 
of Aids, an insurance company' 
insists on blood tests. 

Many health specialists are ' 
convinced that casual contact . 
does not spread Aids and say 
there is no .evidence that ft is 
spread by. shared glasses or 

3 Heysel 

From Richard Owen ' 
Brussels - 

Three of the senior Belgian 
Gendarmerie officers in 
charge of security -during the 
Heysef football stadium riots 
last year have been removed 
from active duty and grvea 
administrative posts. ■’ 

A spokesman for the Gendar- 
merie said yesterday . that the 
removals did not amount to 
disciplinary action and. were 
part of a routine rotation of 
police officers in the course of 
annual promotions - and- de- 

But most Belgian commen- 
tators saw the move as reflec- 
tive of widespread criticism of 
security at the stadium and- 
failure of the police to prevent 
or rontam the violence. . " - ' 

The Chief of Police;, General 
Bernaert, is not blamed and was 
largely exonerated by the 
Government inquiry set - up 
aft ef the Heysd disaster. In-- 
stead, lower level, officials have 
been singled out for criticism, - 

The three officers;- removed 
from duly were named . as 
Colonel Aborts van der Borcht, 
police commander in. the 
Brabant region, Major Kensier 
and Captain- Mahieu. The three 
had 100 gendarmes undo: their 
command «n«ad«* the stadium— 

In a further follbw^ip to. the 
tragedy, which occurred on 
MAy 29 but is -still causing 
repercussions, high-level liasaon 
has been strengthened between 
the Gendarmerie and the" 
Ministeries of the Interior and 

From Trevor Fis block, New York 

sneezes, or- by -touching an Aids 
vic tim. Blit they, cannot be 
categorical in their assurances. 

- Experts say people stand a 
greater, chance of being struck 
by Jjghthing. than by Aids.- But 
many people do not trust 
experts, ana there is. a strong 
feeling of “better safe than 

sorry”- ' 

So' there is heavy pressure 
on local authorities, to “do 
something”. New York has 
reacted by closing two notorious 
homosexual houses on the 
grounds that they were places of 
■“highrisk” sexual activity. New 
York has a third of all the Aids 
cases in the US; 

- Many health . : specialists 
believe-that closing, these places 
does , nothing to attack the 
disease. Authorities like New 
York's are accused of appeasing 
a panicky public rather titan 
tackling the problem through 
education. Mr. Edward Koch, 
the mayor, called sex house 
owners “merchants of death”. 

Aids is spread primarily 
throngh sodomy, the sharing of 
infected needles among (hug 
addicts and infected blood. 
Nearly'-- three-quarters of 
American ..victims- axe- homo- 
sexual or bisexuaL 

The number of drug addicts 
catching the disease is increas- 
ing sharply. A third of the new 

cases this year are addicts. 
Many frequent . the “shooting 
galleries” in this city where a 
dirty needle can be rented 

Many authorities are enacting 
or proposing laws inrespcmse to 
concern about Aids. There are 
proposals. that health and food 
workers should be certificated 
as being free of Aids. In several 
parts of the country children 
with Aids . are banned from 

Servicemen are being 
screened for the disease. Those 
who have used drugs or engaged 
in homosexual practices are 
bring discharged. 

Since the death from Aids of 
Rock Hudson, the actor, there 
has been a large increase in calls 
to -Aids information centres. 
The Screen Actors* Guild has 
declared open-mouth kissing 
dangerous and says actors cam 
refuse it 

AH 50 US states now have 
Aids cases. More than 15,000 
have been diagnosed and half 
the; victims have died. The 
number of cases - is doubling 
each year and it is estimated 
that between 700,000 and 1.4 
million Americans carry 'the 

No one can say how many of 
these -will develop the disease. 
That js part of the uncertainty 
that causes the fear. -. 

Marcos rivals make 
neutral zone pledge 

- Manila (Reuter, AP) - Philip- 
pines . opposition leaders are 
vowing ‘ to make South-East 
Asia a zone. , of neutrality," 
freedom and peace if they win 
the. presidential election on 
February 7. 

O nfliwng its “ minimum 
programme”, foe. opposition 
group- said yesterday that it 
would' .repudiate all arrange- 
ments and agreements made by 
the administration of President 
Ferdinand Marcos -seen to be 
against the natio n al interests. 

Leticia. Shahani, President 
Marcos's cousin and FD5- 
pibo. Ambassador to the 
United Nations Centre for 
Social Development and 
H umanitarian Affair s in 
Vienna, who has joined the 
campaign - to depose; Mr 

It pledged to respect United 
States air and naval bases until 
the agreement expires in 1991; 
but gave a warning that after the 
deadline “we shall keep all our 
options open.” 

Mr Marcos, who has been in 
power 20 years, is opposed by 
Mrs Corazon Aquino, widow of 
Benigrio Aquino, the murdered 
opposition leader. 

The opposition statement 
was signed by Mrs Aqnino's 
running- mate, Mr Salvador 
Laurrii, head of the United 
Nationalist Democratic Organi- 
zation, and MrTovito Salonga, 
president of Laban Ng Bayan, a 
coalition of parties founded by 
Rriririgo Aquino. Mrs Aquino 
signed as a witness. 

They promise to amend the 
constitution to ensure checks 
arid balances in government, to 
guarantee press freedom, to 
eKminate graft and corruption 
and to free all political pris- 
oners. • 

Mrs Aquino and Mr Laurel 
have campaigned for two days 
in north-west Luzon isand, long 
a Marcos stronghold; as Mr 
ManxB told an American 
interviewer he could not allow 
them to bring Communists into 
government if they came to 

Asked to comment on a 
Statement by Mrs Aqiring that 
she would welcome Commu- 
nists in her. government so long 
as they “renounce .all forms of 
violence,” he replied that it was 
more or less an admission that 
she has supported by Commu- 
nist rebels 

Mrs Aquino made the state- 
ment on Thursday, adding that 
she would never be a Commu- 
nist herself . . 

From Diana Geddes 

Unlike foe British, foe French 
do not have a tradition of active 
indivkhial support for charities. 
But the Restaurants du Coeur, 
branched at Christmas by 
France’s best-known comedian, 
Caluche, to provide free meals 
for the poor and hungry, seem 
to have caught the' public 

A seven-hoar fintd-raisteg 
programme on radio last month 
brought in aft’ iwwJfate 
£30,000 from private imHvMn- 
als, with a frnfber undisclosed 
amount from companies and 
public bodies, and the money isr 
still coming in. Some 50,000 
meals a day are . already being 
served, taa tbe sum is fo raise 
that to 200,000a day,for whkh 

- atotalof£2inilfio9iBeedstohe 


F-ntertniners such . as Yves 

- Montand . . and Catherine 
. . Deneuve, lave flocked to lend 
■ their support, with singer 

' Michel Sanlou leading the way 
wifo a cheqne for l00,000 
francs ^9,000). In foe nm-up 
to the Frendi general Section 
in March potitidaris on the 
right and foe kfi have- fos 
hauwigdi to give their backing 
to sachapopular, cause. 

; . Gifts : . in kind have been 
pouring jh c^ 6,0 00 'bottles of 
Be£qjel9& from wine-growers 
in Burgundy ; a train-load of 
eggs fimn'a Breton fanriers 7 

- union, 100 tims of^ potatoes 
from a supennarket' chain; 

: ’ 25,000 mmds front s test-food 
„ sterig 20,000 i^jackete- ~ of 

m aimf a dm er, and foe nse of a 
computer to help co-ordinate 
the operation from a computer 

For Ctdnche’s humour, 
which showsamarked penchant 
for foe scatalogfcal and the 
Wasphemous, is not to every- 
one's . taste. Sentencing him 
recently for shouting obsceni- 
ties at a policeman, the 
presiding judge described 
Colnche as a hooligan. But it is 
probably fate c ontrov e r s ial 
character, as ranfo as his ready 
access to foe media, which has 
attracted att e n ti o n -to the 
Restaurants \du Coeur. and 
made die venture such, a 

'The Idea first came, to 
Chinch? test - autumn ' when, 
after hearing orf^sws a charity , 

Vienna (AFP) - Worldwide 
abuse of drugs, especially 
cocaine, rose last year despite 

stiff anti-drug measures in 
many countries, foe Inter- 
national _ Narcotics Control 
Board said in its ,Tn ™i report 
released yesterday. 

The board, a UN body, said 
co-ordinated action was im- 
perative' for progress to be 
made. But the report noted th*« 
police had scored ' some 
successes, with stiffer penalties 
for traffickers, destruction of 
drug-related crops and tighter 
control of chemicals used to 
process the raw materials into 
finished products. ' 

In Europe, most narcotics 
came from abroad, although 
there .was an atte mpt to grow 

fifirit opium poppies in Italy 
and Spate which was speedily 
ended by foe authorities, the 
report said. 

Tt is estimated that approxi- 
mately 30 per cent of the 
opiates- available in the region 
originate in the Near and 
Middle East and South Asia, 
while 20 pear cent originate in 
South-east Asia.” 

The report said large quan- 
tities of heroin were seized hi 
1585, bnt 'there were signs that 
it was less ' available titan in 
1984. A record haul of 1331b 
destined for the United States 
was seized in October 1985 by 
Austrian police. Most of the 
traffickers were Iranians. 

The countries which reported 
to Interpol the largest seizures 

were, in descending order: 
Britain, France, The Nether- 
lands, West Germany and 

The study also reported 
increased nse of cocaine, 
originating - from South 

“Availability of and traffick- 
ing in cocaine have increased 
sharply in recent years, indicat- 
ing the determined efforts of 
traffickers to expand the illicit 
market in Western Europe. In 
1984, for the second consecu- 
tive year, more than one tonne 
of cocaine was seized. Seizures 
reported to Interpol duringJthe 
first half of 1985 amounted to 
almost half a tonne”. 

The countries reporting foe 
largest total seizures were: 

Spain, West Germany, Britain, 
France. Switzerland and The 

In the United States, the 
abase of drugs, often in 
combination, ‘‘remains a 
serious health problem”. Quot- 
ing 1984 figures it said 
cannabis was the most widely 
used drag, although consump- 
tion dropped by an estimated 3 
per cent, mainly because of less 
use by young people. 

Cocaine abuse was estimated 
to have increased by 11 per 
cent although foe US auth- 
orities expected the number of 
abusers to mhai» Heroin 
consumption fell slightly in 
1984 but deaths from heroin 
and morphine increased by 31 

China invites bishop 
home to see mother 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

The Roman Catholic Bishop interference in China's internal 
of Hong Kong, John Baptist affair s, that, is, in its dealings 
Wu, who has been encouraged with Taiwan. 

by the Pope to develop contacts 

WriTte 1945 to study in the 
thf South China Regional Seminary 
S? d 2L5 r ^5 in Hong King before going to 

Bishop Wu, who is 60, visited' parish priest for 1 6 years. 

Burkina says Mali 
plot caused war 

Paris (Reuter) - Burkina Faso as a flare-up in a long dispute 
has blamed the outbreak of a over a mineral-rich border area 
five-day war with Mali last A ceasefire signed five days 
week on a Malian plot to topple ago has been supervised by an 
the left-wing Buririnabe observer force of soldiers from 
Government, and has denied eight West African countries, 
that it was caused by a frontier Mr Gissou, who said his 
dispute. Government believed the peace 

Vienna (AFP) - Herbert von 
Karajan, the conductor, has 
cancelled two concerts here on 
January 11 and 12 to travel to 
the United States for a medical 
check-up. the Vienna Philhar- 
monic Orchestra announced. 
He is 77. 

Convict spree 

Oslo - (Reuter) - Two 
convicts with credit oirds have 
run up bills totalling three 
million kroner (£275,000) on a 
round-the-world spending spree 
since escaping from a Norwe- 
gian jail three months ago. 

Women police 

Delhi. (Reuter) - The Prime 
Minister, Mr Rajiv Gandhi, 
said he was setting up a special 
womcn-oniy police battalion jo 
give women better represen- 
tation in India’s security forces. 

Hashish haul ' 

. Delhi (Reuter) - Three 
tonnes of hashish worth £1 
million were seized in India's 
biggest narcotics haul when 
customs officials raided a cargo 
of chemicals bound for West 

Not so decadent 

Peking (Reuter) - Perform - 

Pelting in March, the first 
Chinese Catholic bishop to do 
since 1949. 

His reunion with his mother, 
in his native Wu Huai county, is 
the result of an invitation from 
the provincial branch of the 
Peking Religious Affairs 
Bureau. Diplomats say that it 
has more to do with efforts to 
win over peopfo with Taiwan 

The “Patriotic Catholic 
Church” severed links with the 
Vatican in 1957, since when it 
has trained, . ordained and 
appointed its "own priests and 
bishops. Chinese Church 
officials say that there are 
100,000 catholics in 

Six ; Hong Kong officials, 
including two priests and a 

The Foreign Minister, Mr accord would hold but did not ances in Shanghai of music by 
Basile Guissou, speaking in rule our further hostilities, later Beethoven, who was banned as 
Paris, accused Mali of attacking held talks with the French decadent in the 1966-1976 
Burkina Faso in an attempt to Minister of External Relations, Cultural Revolution, have 
overthrow the Government of M Roland Dumas. drawn more than 24,000 people 

President Thomas Sankara. The Non-Aggression and since September, the New 

President Thomas Sankara. The Non-Aggression and since September, tht 

“The fact that the fighting Defence Aid Agreement, and China news agency said, 

was along the full length of our Abidjan-based pact of French- 
frontier, that foreign elements speaking West' African states, FunmiS eXDOrt 

in Mali, opponents of our said that no incident had been A UU B UJ * 

links to work towards reumfica- will accompany Bishop i - . _ 

tion of the two Chin as than with Wu on his 10-day visit, which 2^ nt J° L 'Y ar on Christmas Day. 

amir desire to improve relations begins on January 21. He will | T** was generally seen 

wife the Vatican. also see his younger brother and 1 

Any progressin Sino- Vatican is expected to call on tire 

relations from such a visit provincial governor, Mr Ye 

would be incidental, they say, Xuanpmg, son of the ill and 

and would be hampered by ageing C hin es e Leader, Marshal 

what Felting sees as Vatican Ye-Jianying. 

in Mali, opponents ot our said that no incident naa Dcen _ _ 

Government, were in Malian reported since the ceasefire Peking (Reuter) - China has 
Army ranks . . . show that the came into force on Monday. added an ancient tonic to us 
aim was to overthrow a political The observer force consists of menu of exports for Japanese 

system," Mr Guissou said. two officers each from the seven and Hong Long gourmets; 

Burkina Faso and Mali, two states, Mali, Burkina Faso, chicken prepared with caterpil- 
of the world’s poorest countries. Ivory Coast Mauritania, Sene- lar fungus. The tonic for lung 
went to war on Christinas Day. gal. Niger and Togo, and two and kidney ailments is part ofu 
The fighting was eenerallv seen from Benin. dnvc to export medicinal foods. 

Quebec protest embarrasses Mulroney 

Ottawa - Mrs Suzanne Blais- ment” with the sale of Gulf come in dealing with predorm- 
Grenier, who resigned as a Canada's eastern Canadian nanlly French-speaking Quebec, 
junior minister earlier this assets to a British-controlled 

week, has embarrassed the company. Ultramar Canada. Mr Mulroney was not in 

Canadian Prime Minister, Mr One result of the sale will be Ottawa but his Press Secretary. 
Brian Mulroney, by publicly foe shutdown of an ofl refinery Mr William Fox, described foe 
claiming that ministers from fo Montreal that employs 433 allegations as nonsense. “I don t 
Quebec lack decision-making men and women. know how somebody could say 

influence in his Conservative kw" letter of resignation, Quebec doesn t get its sav when 
Cabinet (John Best writes). u,h, ch she made public. Mrs foe Prime Minister is a Quebec 
Mrs Blais-Grcnier resigned as Blais-Grenier said that the Minister” , he said. Mr 
Minister of State for Transport refinery issue seemed to be Mulroney represents a consuiu- 
on Tuesday over what she symptomatic of "difficulties" e ^cy several hundred miles cast 
called her “profound disagree- foe Conservatives must over- of Montreal. 


T his gflet provides comfort and “ 

warmth with freedom of move- __ 

menu .Attractively styled in a 

choice of- slate grey or mid brown, 8 

it is filled with a new material ll* 

called Flectalon. This unique ■ /C- 4Rlt 

material combines air trapped ^ 

insulationwith multiple mirror- ^3^ jr 

like surfaces which simply reflect '/jj ’ I Jj I) Mfr- oM l! /- 

works even when it is wet and is fl— - 

wind resistant whilst lightweight. ^ W H reftjV 

T he gilet features two breast yfeu f f 

pockets and two zipped patch Wj&fc.r. 5^ / ~a J ftjflg!/. j 

pockets, it has a front fastening vvfe. l. 

and toning material around the /r A 1 1 ' 

yoke and collar. The outer fabric is \ jW* 

made from 70% polyester/30% |||\ 11 P%| ; 

cotton and the lining is made from lm \ J 1 m | J, 1 

65% polyester/35% cotton. lYpV I V ^ \ 

T he gilet is 1 invaluable for a / 

variety of outdoor pursuits j// 1 / Sr KSV / 

including gardening, walking and \fl/ j / F#- | 

speciator sports. It is unisex and Ws j J [' i 

comes in the following sizes / / / 1 ' 

Women’s: S (32-34in), M (35-37inX 

L(38-4(Mn), XL(41-43in). Mens: 

S (35-37in), M(38-40in), L(41- Mwimartdapazdtalvxthm 14 dap ofrrcapi - fieas* ^ 

43in), XL(44-46in), XXL (47- ). 

49 in). pJcMtltailBic <^s)@£ 4 S.««^Mbdkatet 

PRICE: £ 49.95 ~1 s ‘ * L ^ pg 

Slut G«y (Men’ll 

AU orders should be sent to: The Times saw On* (»«»•«) 

Insulated Gilet Offer. Boimte Road, iGdBirotMa'o ; 

^ 11 I 

hints at 
snap poll 

From Vijitba Yapa 

There is growing speculation 

kill driver 

From Roger Bo yes 

Polish detectives have broken 

company, Ultramar Canada. Mr Mulroney was not in 
One result of foe sale will be Ottawa but his Press Secretary, 
the shutdown of an ofl refinery Mr William Fox, described foe 
in Montreal that employs 433 allegations as nonsense. “I don't 
men and women. know how somebody could say 

In her letter of resignation, Quebec doesn’t get its say when 
which she made public, Mrs foe Prime Minister is a Quebec 

te ‘S tenrSS UP a mfoless gang of chocolate 
m Sn Lanka that President black marketeers who hijacked 

SSST 8 asnap a lorry load of sweets andfoen 
election around ApriL murdered the driver by burying 

Analysis say the granting of a him naked in a forest. 

pardon to the opposition leader 
Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike on 

The hijack happened some 
months before Christmas when 

n , . 3 .« ■ ■ *• IUUMUU UWAI/1W VdUlJUiMM WUVU 

Wednesday was foe first radi- fetch soaring prices on 

ranon. Her avto nghte wore ^ maxke CM OSt 
"to*- ™ y « stripy rationed and 

■was found ^ ***■*£ queues in front of big Warsaw 

“ sweet shops can numfer several 
as Prime Minister from 1970 to hundred. 

]977 UUUUllAfc 

‘ _ . The driver was taking about 

Prep reports said yesterday five lonn£S fro m a Warsaw 
that the pardon came as India fectoiy to Tamobrzeg in the 
pressed SnUnka to consider comer of Poland 

ETOtfF'. ^.Jhe moderate ^ ^ accompanied by a 
Tamil United Liberation Front 

to resolve the island's ethnic ^ ^ tracked down 

cnsK - the chocolates, which could 

It wants amalgamation of the fetch 20 million zloties (about 
northern and eastern provinces £1 00,000) in the illegal bazaars, 
and for them to be given the trail led to the driver's 
autonomy. The Government friend named as Mr G, and four 
refuses to consider this saying accomplices. Until Christmas 

that Sinhalese. Tamils and 
Muslims live in almost equal 

Mr G maintained that he was in 
cahoots with the driver, they 

numbers in the eastern prov- had since lost touch with each 
ince. other. 

An election will not affect the After a last round of inlerrog- 
poshion of President Jaycwar- atioo, Mr G. cracked. He led 
dene, who was re-elected in police to where the driver had 
1982 to serve till 1990. been buried under 30in of earth. 


faming victims, he received saint He was suspected of 
ilnzang of loftary aalriwg why fan Sfanp ly W gatklg 4 bit of free 
was not doing, anything for the P^foHdtr- 
hungry in France. But he has now succeeded in 

According to Government amvmdng most people foot his 
fonres dted by Colnche, there motives are sincere and worthy 
are some 500,000 people -in of rapport .He tea i scored a 
France vriio do not have eson^k pa rticB l a r nit mat the young, 
to eat opposition leaders not "bo recently voted him thefr 
foefipne^mtwomffl^ prasonaffiyoffteyera. 

France has no social se curity The Restaurants du Coeur, 
safety net to ensnretfaat which are mostly not restan- 
ereryone has at least the rams at all but distribution 
wherewithal to Arrive, and last centres where people can take 
winter there was a puMk outcry away a p^ared meal m a hag, 
about the plight of what are dae to crime to an cad on 
becaaie known erroneously as Mmdhjl. 
les nouveaux pauvres. foe new _ But Oduche hopes by that 
poor.’ tone to have engendered a new 

When Colnche first aa- spirit of generosity, in the heart 
nousced Ms scheme three of ordinary. French people, 
pi QHrtig ay n many people had whidt iriB con tinue to he 
difficulty in bettering Oat toe tlrrwgh the atm 

Uh^hcuBet: hadireaByji tnrned ^.traditfaral, eristtagchari&s.^ 

ABentmarethpacMwAiK ncapi -fittest gUo* up vlf 

ddh^. tfym an noctoLx^wvv^n^ndyM money wtthoui^uaam. Tna . 


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also pages 22 & 30 

<h f'-ttZ ' ^ : 

goes off 

As the credits rolled on this 
wade's feature-length version of 
Roy Clarke's 12-year-old York- 
shire sit-com, an announcer 
reminded the _ audience that 
“three of the original stories are 
available on a BBC video-cas- 
sette”: a painful confirmation of 
the gulf b e tw e en what is and 
what was. 

Last of the Summer Wine — 
the story of the- oddly ado- fe 
Icsccnt adventures of three 
pensioners 'spiritually still in '■> 
short trousers - is one of the sf. 
most original sit-coms in 
history but, at first taste, the 
1986 vintage is an indifferent 
one and the series shows 
frightening signs of the long- 
haul palsy likely to afflict every 
veteran television runner. 

This week’s extra-long epi- 
sode is a useful point for stodc- 
lalring; following the departure 
of Brian Wilde's Foggy, a new 
character - Michael Aldridge’s 
Seymour Utterth waite - joined New team: Compo, Seymour (centre) and Clegg 

Bin Owen (Compo) and Peter 

Sallis (Clegg). Grafting new still - “He's not in. I always Even Seymour's inventions^ 
parts on to wdl-worn formats is know when he's not in. It's like - for example, a motorized 
an occupation only for the sunshine after rain”, said Nora wheel-barrow - are simply idi- 
bravest directors and writers Batty of her husband Wally this otic, a useful excuse .for the 
and, if the series is to survive, week - but the writing style now script to include explosions at 
the new gel must set quickly. is slightly slacker and slightly regular intervals. What is 

Last of the Summer Wine more emphatic. _ lacking is the previously essen- 

faced this situation once before Clarke can write broad farce tial . . dement of the quixo- 
- when Brian Wflde replaced - his other hit-com Open All tic -the ' gentle, affecting 
the late Michad Bates - but the Hours is a more normally humour of Compo’s attempt at 
initial indications are that the coarse comedy - but it always 1 flight. For 1 the previous trio 
latest change has scraped away seemed that Summer Wine -were- not madmen but dream- 
the series* natural grace; what came from a different part of ers; had there been windmills 
it used to flow it now groans, the brain. Not anymore: in the on Hldey 1 Moor, they might 
like an overweight whippet still opening moments of this week's have tilted at them, 
trying to sprint show a broad-bottomed post- . . . . 

To define the decline it is woman, bending over, con- ^JL^ mi 9 ue A sen ^ f - ^ j >e ?“ 
necessary to rememb er the fessed to having the district’s A niton of its 

qualities which made this sit- “largest round” - the sound- ?n“ an £ e ’ ^f st °f the Summer 
com different from the rest. Into track gave a whoopee-cushion w % ie been ] n ^r e a 
a snigger-ridden genre, obsessed hoot “ d t ^, d ? c ‘,° r 

with death, sex and domestic As for characterization, the a £ d v '7 ltcr have pitched the 
rifts, camea comedy no less » $ 

«idenceofJebmadenh«and Spi^on oi&IiV 

Roy Qnrite wns » poet in Ihe ^ Cte ffl wer e nather; 
most prosaic strain ot drama yet they were area m ers. gently 

invented, the English sit-com. eccentric Everymen of tbe kind ‘ __ T 

There are signs of this felicity you might meet in the street M.L. 


Handel in words and pictures 

Hallelujah! Handel 

National Portrait 

.Individually they may be’short 
.of. .cash to. lavish arts 
programmes, but collectively 
the ; national broadcasting orga- 
nizations of Europe can, still 
wield a hefty purse. They would 
have needed it- for Bouxni at 
Vewaffies (BBC-2, .8.10 to- 
night). This 100-mznute -co- 
production may- be little more 
than a prettily televised concert,* 
but Frank Dunlop’s production ; 
utilizes the sort of star-ladim 
cast no individual impresario: 

couid afford. ■ 

-■ It is the 1840s, and the Royal. 
Opera House at Versailles is th© 
"venue tor' a -grand gala to; 
^celebrate the Italian. -maestro,, 
-now about halfway through his 
' admirably extensive retirement; 
As realized by the television, 
cameras, simple concept 
works out rather like a mixture 
of Glyndeboume and The Good 
OU Days, with the composer 
and his chums seen hunying 
from an alfresco supper to join 
audience, orchestra and cast - 
all of whom are in period 
costume. • - 

Rossini does not quite make 
it for the overture (La gazza 
ladra. the first of many polished . 

contributions from ..tbe. Cham- 
ber Orchestra of Europe -under 
Claudio Abbado’s baton), but 
he is present tbroughewt v» 
canto feast which follows. 

Ruggiero .Raimondi, sets- the 
pace with the Barber'qf.Seyiue 
“slander aria”. . 

V Marilyn Horne, so™* , "** t 
•more static .* -or htt feet, w 
equally agile in voice as., she 
. negotiates a flurry of iS ermra - 
ndde coloratura. -Montserrat 
Caballe, spariding like a Tif- 
feny’s window ^n^ilay, weighs 
In with some gorgeous levato 

ring in g in a - TSombre jioret 
( Guillaume Tell) extract, and . 
the two ladies serenade., each 
other, formidably if - nriamo; 
rously, in a duct from TancredL 
Mingled among the perennial Paul Brook as Rossini 

Ro^m lollipops, are /some 

lesser-known gems. , Samuel Qiapellc Royale where “Cuius 
Ramey almost Steals the show ^ J3 | mam '» • - fro m the Stdhat ' 
with a - splendidly flond ana Afrtfgr reverberates impo sinri v 
from // vlaggio a Rams, as he gack fo' the opera house the 
did at La Scala. where the solo principals are joined by other 
flautist is rightly given «omi- soloists and the Radio Fiance 
Jnence on the stage beside nun. chorus for some entertaining (if 

Francisco Araiza's finest sometimes bizamdy staged) 
moment comes not on the stage ensembles. ■ n 

ai all, but in Versailles’s . .. . KJYL 


The viewers’ soapbox comer 

Right to Reply Annual (Channel 
4) emphasized once again why 
visual “consumer -service"" re- 
mains 'one of the nuȣ interest- 
ing programmes on television/ 
Here was' Jeremy Isaacs trying 
to adopt a high Intellectual tone* 
in order ’to justify his showing of' 
Derek Jarman's Jubilee, and: 
saanaBy failing to do anything.' 
raiff ftan appear smog or, at 
best, insufficiently briefed. And 
here was a representative of the 
IBA trying mxsDccessfelly to- - 
defend another decision from 
that weak mganizathm. 

But, if toe bureaucrats suffer 
under public s c r utiny, they are 
fortunate in comparison with 
those producers or directors of 
specific programmes who told 
themselves being interrogated 
by members of the pnbUc: some 
of them foil back on a spedons 
blandness or superiority , but it 
never works. ... 

It was instinctive; -fin:. 

■m m 

A liking for Handel's music 
would seem to be a prerequisite 
for enjoyment of the National 
Portrait Gallery’s current exhi- 
bition Hallelujah! Handel - A 
Celebration cf his Life and 
Times 1685-1759, if only 
because you hear rather a lot of 
it as yon walk round the 277 
items. Butin foci the exhibition, 
admirably garnered by Jacob 
Simon and running until Han- 
del’s 301st birthday (February 
23), will fascinate anyone 
interested in Georgian London. 

Handel, for instance, hap- 
pened to be a voter in the 1749 
Westminster by-dection, a 
viciously-fought campaign even 
by modem standards, and the 
poll-book with his name and 
vote cast (be was a Whig) is 
shown here. It is sobering to 
realize that the book would 
have been equally available for 
inspection by anyone who 
wished to know how his tenants 
had voted. 

Leading lights of Handel’s era 
are well in evidence, notably in 
John Wootton’s vividly- 
coloured painting of Geoxge Q 
leading his troops into battle at 
Dettmgen (or rather, seeming to 
keep well out of the way). 
Handel, of course, marked that 
victory with an equally cel- 
ebrated TeDeum. 

The composer’s star singers 
are portrayed, and - just as 
important to this emigre living 
on his wits - his star patrons, 
notably tbe Earl of Burlington 
and the Duke of Chandos. 
Among the memorabilia, 'as- 
semble here are some items 
which have quite a story to telL 
One example is the service book 
for George ITs coronation, 
annotated by no less a figure 
than the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury with a furious "catalogue of 
everything that went haywire on 
the big day. Zadok the Priest 

After Goupy “The Charming Brute," an anonymous engraving 

If I had to nominate one 
production not only as the.pick 
of 1983 but as first-footing L986 
in .brilliant style. I think it 
would have to oe Peter Everett’s 
series You’D Never Be 16 Again. 
The last of its seven parts was 
heard on New Year’s Day 
(Radio 4) and set a standard, 
which it would be nice totoink- 
will prove a norm for the 
remainder of the yean But this 
would be some achievement, 
for 1985 was already a vintage 
year for tins kind of montage 
documentary, the greater num- 
ber of. which, as I remarked 
bade in November, hailed from 
Mr Everett and his colleagues in 

In fact I can think of very few- 
from any other centre that have 
been in the same class: there - 
was John Theocbaris’s All Night 
Long; in which a young, black 
Tottenham carpenter took us 
with colourful relish through 
the ritual of his Saturday night 
out at the disco; there was Piers 
Plowright's memento mori. 
Sating Sait but after those two 
London productions what was 
there to compare with Man- 
chester’s Actuality and since 
then with the superlative series 
just ended? - 

Actuality was a string of 

was heard (in tbe wrong place) 
for the first time then, and 
Solomon's chaplain has not 
missed a British coronation 

Naturally the portraits of 
Handel .dominate all else. It is 
indicative of the exalted cade 
in which he moved that he was 
portrayed more often (and by 
better artists) than' any other 
eighteenth-century Composer. 
This exhibition brings together 
for the first' time, the two 
massive Thomas Hudson por- 
traits; one showing the com- 
poser successful, corpulent and 
confident in late middle age; the 
other a far sadder ima ge of the 
blind Handel a few years later. 

Mercier’s delightfully infor- 
mal view of the younger Handel 
hard at work in shabby red cap 
and gown is included, as is 
Goupy*S gross and cruel carica- 

ture of Handel as- the “Har- 
monious Boar”. It was said to 
have been drawn in a fit of 
pique after the artist, invited to 
a very frugal supper -with 
Handel had subsequently ob- 
served the composer gorging 
hi mse l f in private. 

For. musicians, however, the: 
portraits may be ofless interest 
than the wealth of autograph 
letters; and manuscripts. 

If ever a page of manuscript 
evoked a particular spectacle, it 
is the. opening . of the Royal 
Fireworks Music autograph, 
there the composer proudly lists 
(down the left-hand margin) the 
Mahlerian forces he had at his 
disposal on that famous April 
evening in 1749: 24 oboes, 12 
bassoons, nine trumpets and the 

Richard Morrison 

You'll Never Be 16 Again was in 
: effect one vast programme, a 
treatment of a tin gle theme 
divided into seven'chapters. Its 
i m m e nse scope, covering a 
period of some 30 years, has 
allowed us to 'see all kinds of 
patterns and trends,' amc i g in g ; 


example, to see how often in toe 
course of last year “left-wing” 
doemnentiuy -makerg were *c- 
. cosed of maniphUtion or censor- 
ship -■ and how badly they 
defended ■ themselves with" a 

- mixture of. setf-righteoasness 
and hypocrisy. 

The contributions from toe 
Video-Box wore, of course, the 
most fascmatiiig: unlike those 
winsome “vox pop” interviews 
; arranged by such programmes 
as That’s Life, here is toe real 

To watch it is to experience a 
slightly iffldt pleasure, rather 
like eavesdrffifpipg on a conver- 
sation at . a bus-stop;. I particu- 
larly enjoyed the brief but 

illuminating disquisition on toe 
naive of democracy from a 
young punk, who kept on 
moving towards the camera as if 
he were about to bash. it with his 

• - Itisone wayof fighting back- 


of youth 

fading,- - repeating, _as it has 
moved from the early Fifties to 
the recent Eighties. . The Teds 
and their giris ofehapter one are 
now old enough to J be grand- 
parents; the flower, children 
■ have gone ; to seed; ' sobriety 
keeps ■ overtaking, foe' : more 
elderly punks. ' ' . ‘ ; 

What has emerged? One 
pattern has . been, crystal-clean 
aU the teenage passions of the 
last three decades haye arisen in 
response to one constantly 
recurring .human need: an 

- insatiable craving for attention. 

As foe nation grew prosper- 
ous and the teenage market had 
big -money to spend, commerce 
came a- wooing and a-flattering, 
handing out yet bigger dollops 
of . attention and seemingly 
prepared to respond indefinitely 
to the ever more extreme 
d em ands - that this created. 
Naturally , in such a dimate 
yesterday’s : attention-getter 
rapidly became today’s yawn, so 
we bavcL been witnessing the 
ploys growing more and more 
dramatic; more and '- more 
outrageous. And as the series 
has gone on it has been 
impossible to ignore .foe fact 
that this unending. : Search, for 
notice has engendered many 
dements of nastiness; by pro- 

Gos Macdonald, who b 
doobtedly the bert* 4 mo<Ufafc)r” 
mi television, tixpHdned iftjtf the 
average “viewer” spends smu e 
four hoars, of each da^mM-fe® 
television: fafc med&tti #£ 
resents so pervasive air farf few*-* 
that to aiticrte is pca-giRps to 
remain sane. This fe nc f jost the 
sphere of the nmrafirt or the 
polemicist (altbdV'jitiieyluve a 
proper function flbtOJwt; as last 
night’s programme suggested, 
that of toe peraop- who feels 
threatened; orl dhahfiriied by 
what appears on the 'm«n 
screen in their home.- . 

Interestingly, ft .seems' that 
sex and swearing tin Jfonger 
provoke toe outrage feveatiie 
recent past; toe naj^^pthint 
now, justifiably, has to d o with 
violence and its increasing hold 
upon the makers of . pro- 


gramme seven there were traces 
of intolerance, brutality and ill- 
will missing fitun ihe firsc* 

One factor in thisis 'foat tbe 
teenage martefhas' more of less 
collapsed: its. members have 
fewer jobs, alat less moneyabd 
'therefore an inoirasihg shortage 
of attentioxu '• ■ 

V.Je nrach for' a high-prtc&&. 
1985, an Everest from- EVofetfc, 
There have been" other, -lo^er 
.***£»■ Thatcher fiS?- 
enon, that grg>ping;snidy ofpnr 
leadingjiady, and a bejtfhut 
iieaitemng qpturaT in ; - radio 
*?£??** , - Street junior. 

1994 After Henry. . Fosdyke 


'- There have been^ome valleys 
too — none , deeper than Radio 
4’s- attempt to win a - younger 
audience with the gruesome 
Pirate Radio. Curiously it is one 
of that network’s triumphs. The 
Great and Good -Mr Handel. 
repeated only last Thursday, 
that reminds me of a Radio 3 
chasm that has been unfilled 
since I gave wanting of it bade 
in April. 

; The triple anniversaries of 
Bach, Handel and Scarlatti have 
ended as they began with plenty 
of the appropriate music, but 
without a single programme of 
which, you could say foal it truly 
marked . the occasion and 
sounded a dear mote of cele- 
bration. Conceivably some re- 
cent changes in the upper 
echelons ofjBBC' Radio’s music 
m a nag ement will-' meaa-vtoat 

David Wade 



Kreisler String 



Despite its rather unencourag- 
ing name, the Kreisler String 
Orchestra, which is the resident 
ensemble at South Hill Park 
Arts Centre, Bracknell, is an 
auspiciously capable, young 
group. And I really had no 

which the programme note 
writer, a member of the 
orchestra whose name shall 
remain unrevealed, loftily 
attempted to justify this enter- 

According to him it is “a false 
sense of purity which insists an 
adding to that struggle (inherent 
in the music) and even obscur- 
ing the music’s clarity of 
purpose by insisting on a solo 

Jennifer Smith. Hers may be a 
smallish voice, but here it was 
beau tifully balanced with the 

Among many highlights were 
the passion and technical 
control that went side by side in 
“V3Ies” and the elegantly 
implicit • sexiness of “Antique”. 
Miss Smith coloured Britten’s 
highly sensitized lines through- 
out with a compelling subtlety 
and the 

ll.ll I I 1 1 PH 


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* " r 

The lure of secrets can turn men of letters into men of action, but they 
find that the best agent is a literary agent, says Allan Massie 

Woodrow Wyatt 


Simon Barnes 


The bunt is on for great women of 
our time who can play cricket. 
Shirley Williams, Tory MP Angela 
Rumbold. Tracy UUman and Angela 
Rippon have already been ap- 
proached. Others are being sought 
with great urgency: for a match is 
planned for June 8 to mark the 
diamond jubilee of the Women's 

Cricket Association. It will be played 

at the site of the first recorded 
women's cricket match - Gosden 
Common, Bramley, Surrey - where, 
as the Reading Mercury recorded, 
XI Maids of Bramley and XI Maids 
of Hamblcton met in battle in June 

The WCA is reconstructing the 
costume worn by the maids in 1745, 
which they think comprised calf- 
high half-hooped skirts, ankle-con- 
cealing pantaloons, and Packeresque 
red or blue hair ribbons to denote 
team allegiance. It was the hooped 
skirt that led women to adopt 
overarm bowling - a practice tardily 
adopted by the men m 1807. Other 
contributions by women to cricket 
include the first World Cup and the 
first player to score 100 runs and 
lake 10 wickets in the same Test 
match. This being 1986, and may 
the best women win. the teams 
which take the field in June will be 
attired in modern, streamlined gear. 
The only concession to 1 745 will be 
the hair ribbons. 


A Danish bank is offering a loan 
package for football fans who want 
to go to Mexico for the World Cup 
this summer - with the interest 
dependent on the fortunes of the 
national team. The £2,500 loans will 
be repayable over three years at 14 
per cent - reduced by 0.1 per cent 
for every point the team scores and 
an extra 1 per cent if Denmark wins. 
Should the bank wish to lay off any 
of the money, British bookmakers 
are offering 20-1 against Denmark. 



Maugham: sent to prevent 
the Russian Revolution 

Duckworth Drew, “secret agent in 
the employ of the Foreign Office, 
and, next to His Majesty’s Secretary 
:ian Anai 

Buchan: Great War 

propaganda chief 

V A* 
: 0 

Le Carrfc analogy with 
national moral health 

, Fleming: projecting 
himself into Bond 

Greene; a fascinatidn 
with treachery 

of State for Foreign 
the most powerful and 

rs. one of 

‘I do wish you'd stop saying our 
hopes have been B a n g lada s hed' 

On side 

Frickley, of the Go la League, play 
Rotherham in the FA Cup today as 
they continue the most successful 
run of their 75-year history - a run 
fuelled by the National Union of| 
Mineworkeis. The side, formerly 
Frickley Colliery, was supported by 
a 6p levy on local miners' wages. 
Then came the miners' strike and a 
subsequent cut of 400 in the 
workforce. Ever loyal, the local 
NUM branch agreed recently to 
double the levy. Frickley has the 
smallest catchment area in the Gola 
League - the Yorkshire village of 
South Elmsall. Yet it not only 
survives but prospers, attracting 
good crowds and remaining in four 
cup competitions. 


More tales of Cambridge defeats 
reach me as the great tiddly-winks 
controversy continues. “I well 
remember the desolation we felt in 
tfae 1965-66 season at losing to 
Oxford not only in the Varsity 
match, but also m the final of the 
Prince Philip Silver Wink." writes 
“Bungy” Wells, formerly assistant 
secretary and archivist of Cambridge 
University Tiddlywinks Cub. He 
goes on to record the subsequent 
reversal of Cambridge fortunes. 
Tony Sever, who wielded his 
squidger for the victorious Oxford 
side, confirmed his account But 
attempts to claim the inaugural 
game for 1958 have foundered: A E. 
Purver tells me that was held in 
1946, “on a threadbare carpet” in 
the rooms of Jean Pidsley, with 
Cambridge the victor. Purver was 
brought into the side, he said, as a 
piece of psychological warfare: “I 
was to say something silly just as our 
opponents were about to wink. . 
Unfortunately on the night my 
nerves gave way ... I mistimed 
my witticisms, and kept putting my 
own team off." His subsequent 
request to the Blues Committee for a 
quarter blue fell on deaf ears. 

pillars of England’s supremacy", was 
also “one of the most remarkable of 
men, possessing shrewdness and 
tact cunning and daring that are 
utterly amazing". 

This was just as well, not only 
because he was a dream-projection 
figure of his author, and it is always 
nice when writers can thiak well of 
themselves, but. more importantly, 
because it was his patriotic duty to 
avert a German invasion of Britain. 
Such a danger was a common theme 
before the First World War. taken 
up not only by popular scribblers 
like Le Queux and E Phillips 
Oppenheim but by rather better 
novelists such as Erskine Childers, 
whose book The Riddle of the Sands 
is suit readable. John Buchan and 
Saki (U hen William Came). It was 
parodied by P. G. Wodehouse in 
The Swoop, or How Clarence Saved 
England, which contains the mem- 
orable Stop Press news: “Fry not out 
104. Surrey 147 for 8. A German 
army landed in Essex this afternoon. 
Loamshirr Handicap: Spring Chi- 
cken I. Salome 2, Tip-i-addy 3. 
Seven ran". 

A fair number of novelists have 
had genuine links with the Intelli- 
gence services, and have even played 
some part in their development. 
Apart from the absurd Le Queux. 
Compton Mackenzie and Somerset 
Maugham both served in Intelli- 
gence during the First World War. 
and both used their experience as 
material for fiction. Mackenzie in 
The South Wind of Love. Maugham 
in Ashenden. John Buchan also held 
a post which made him in effect 
Director of Propaganda. Subse- 
quently, as is well enough known. 
Greene. Muggeridgc, Fleming and 
Le Carre ail worked for some branch 
of Intelligence, as did many others 
in minor roles, Norman Lewis for 
instance being a sergeant in military 

There arc perhaps three reasons 
for the connection. First in lime of 
war, writers naturally enough gravi- 
tate to a field where their gifts may 
be most usefully and least dis- 
agreeably employed, all the more 
perhaps because few are obviously 
military: "I remember at the start of 
it all writing to Frank Pakenham 
that its value for us would be to 
show us finally that we are not 'men 
of action*. I took longer than him to 
learn it” Evelyn Waugh noted on 
May 7, 1945. 

Gathering intelligence 
- a constant 
task for every writer 

Second, and more important, 
there is a natural affinity between 
the novelist and the spy. Indeed 
novelists are already spies in their 
social life, their activity being -in feet 
intelligence-gathering. Their interest 
often lies, as Greene has said, 
quoting Browning, “on the danger- 
ous edge of things". The serious 
novelist is often a man divided 
between the self that lives experi- 
ence and the self that gamers, 
transforms and shapes it; conse- 
quently the half-world of the spy 
who can never be what be seems to 
be exercises a powerful magnetism 
oq him. 

This dichotomy accounts for the 
fascination with the idea of treach- 
ery which you find in Greene; there 
is always a sense in which a novelist, 
using those he loves, his family, 
friends and acquaintances, as mate- 
rial for his work, betrays them. 

The third reason is of course the 
simplest Many novelists necessarily 

Spies who 
turned it all 
into gold 

have a well-developed fantasy life. 
How could they fimetion without il? 
Most retain a valuable part of their 
nature which has never quite grown 
up. How can this be better fed, they 
may be tempted to think, than by 
entering the make-believe world of 
the spy? So, at a certain level of the 
spy story, you are aware of the 
author identifying with his hero. 

That hero may be less preposter- 
ous than Le Queux's Duckworth 
Drew (there must one would know 
without reading further, be some- 
thing wrong, something dismally 
creaking, in the imagination of a 
writer who can call his hero by such 
a name); all the same, Fleming's 
James Bond and Le Carre’s Smiley, 
whatever putative originals may be 
claimed for them, become very 
clearly projections of the author as 
he sees himself in his day-dreams. 
The' same may be said for Compton 
Mackenzie's John Ogilvie. 

Moreover, one might add to this 
broth a serious social or political 
purpose. Le Carre has suggested that 
the Secret Service may be taken, as a 
measure of the nation's moral 
health. This may be far-fetched. It 
yet contains a genn of truth. Le 
Carre's traitor. Bill Haydon, yields 
to the temptation of treachery 
because everything be has been 
educated to revere has already been 
abandoned or betrayed. The empire 
has gone; given the choice between 
subservience to the United States 
and adherence to Moscow, he 
chooses the course that will at least 
allow him to assert his personal 
independence.. This is no doubt -a 
post-facto rationalization of his 

impulse to treachery; Le Carre 
portrays it convincingly enough to 
support bis claim of the Secret 
Service's role in the nation's life. 

On another tack Buchan in Mr 
Standfast sets out to use the thriller 
to chart national morale, doing 
precisely what Le Carrfe specifies. Mr 
Standfast is as a thriller the least 
successful of the first four Hannay 
novels, but it is in some ways the 
most interesting. Hannay is with- 
drawn from the Western Front to 
investigate the anti-war movement 
at home, or what would come to be 
called fifth-column activities. He is 
sent first to Biggleswade, seething 
with pacifists and conchies. There he 
discovers that most of the anti-war 
talk is mere ignorant and sentimen- 
tal foolishness. 

Nevertheless he unearths the 
German agent ([he really is a 
German, we discover later, a 
disgraced nobleman) in the person 
of Moxon I very, whom you might 
take at first for “your ordinary 
plump golf-playing highbrow** - 
highbrows have changed since 
Buchan’s day. golfers likewise. Then 
Hannay goes to the Red Clyde where 
he finds that the ordinary working 
man is sound enough, and quite . 
capable of seeing through agitators. 
Here we have . Buchan putting 
Glasgow, the city where he grew up, 
right with the rest of the country,. 
Only when Hannay has taken the 
gauge of disaffection in the nation 
does the action really begin. 

Mr Standfast was an extraordi- 
nary novel to come from the 
Director of Propaganda in 1917; it 
repays close attention as an example 

of the thriller bring used precisely to 
measure .the moral state of the 

Buchan was a success as Director 
of Propaganda, hardly distracted by 
his literary activities. The reason is 
simpte. He regarded foe writing of 
what hej called his “shockers" as a 
relaxation. He was quite prepared to 
put his' official work first. Other! 
writers who have been agents have 
become disillusioned; it is that work 
which seems a distraction from their 
real business. So Maugham, serving 
in Geneva, found his work “evi- 
dently necessary,” yet added “it 
could not be called anything but 
monotonous". 'Like his hero Ashen- 
den, he was really more interested in 
the play he was writing. Eventually, 
in May 1916, he “found there was 
nothing much I could usefully do 
there" and resigned. Although lie 
was later sent to Russia “to prevent 
the Bolshevik Revolution and to 
keep Russia in the war," he 
remarked caustically, that “the 
reader will know that my efforts did. 
nor meet with success". On the other 
hand he got three splendid stories 
from the experience. 

Good authors may play 
at spying hat . 
remain writers first 

Maugham’s collection of spy 
stories, Ashenden, is perhaps the 
best ever written; and what he has to 
say of intelligence work is extremely 
pertinent: “The work of an agent in 
the Intelligence Department is on 
the whole extremely monotonous. A 
lot of it is uncommonly useless. The 
materia] it offers for stories is 
scrappy and pointless; the author 
' has himself to make it coherent, 

• dramatic and probable." 

That just about sums it up. 

Authors may play at bring spies,- but 
the good ones remain writers first. 

They may accumulate material; in 
the end they learn that they are not 
men of action. (When the true men 
of action essay novels, they find they 
are not men of letters, and their 
novels are inert.) Perhaps even the ; 
bad writers learn this. ’ 

So, for instance, when Julian! 

Maclaren-Ross (a mod writer) told 
his commanding officer that he had 
met E. Phillips Oppenheim (a bad 
one) in the south of France, his CO 
said “very interesting” and asked 
what they had talked about. “Well, 
sir," said Private Maclaren-Ross, 

“agents mostly.” “Agents!” the CO 
ex c l ai med. “Well of course a follow , 
like that would know all about secret 
agents. Wonder to me they haven't 
made him head of MI5." “I'm sorry, 
sfr,” Maclaren-Ross replied boldly, 

“it wasn't secret agents be talked 
about. It was literary agents." 

The CO shared the common 
ignorance of the activities of literary 
agents, but Maclaren-Ross’s point 
was a good one. In the; end, even an 
old hack like Oppenheim knew that 
for a professional writer, literary 
agents were an essential part of the 
real world; secret agents merely the 
fodder for his fantasies. 

Waugh was right in his conclusion 
in May 1945. The chief value of] 
action for the imaginative writer ! 

may be to convince him he is not a' The monk arrived in the parish hall 
man of action; its secondary value is wearing his brown robe tied, by the 
that it provides material But those three-knotted girdle. He had walked 
imaginative writers who refuse to through the January slush in his 
learn what Waugh learned, and who sandals. I was 14 at the time; in the 
confuse thetr fantasies with reality, curate's confirmation class and very 
risk endangering their most precious impressionable. 1 remember thiok- 

MichaelHesdtine’sselfappointmtol .. ' ~ 

as 1 cheer-leader for the European m helicopter production. 
consortium in the save-Wesfiand lo$s« are being made and ihere are r 
contest is odd not merely because co nsider able redu nda ncy jgpbleiris . - 
the Cabinet’s official policy is Th® and 

neutrality but also because last prolongedwoik forWes tiand seems 
summer his attitude ' was quite dubious. 

. In late Juneandeariy July Sir John 
Cuckney. Westland’s chairman, 
for government help m 
underwriting the company’s future 
woric position to tide it overits cash 
crisis. At that point Heseftine was 
unconcerned about Westland going 

into receivership. . . 

Moreover during August and 
September the Miiiistryoi Defence 
withheld some £6 million due in 
payment for fear, it might be 
criticized for giving money to the 
company if. it immediately went- 
bankrupL Heseltine’s hostility 
stimulated trade creditors to press 
harder and discouraged customers 
from placing further work. 

As Hesdtine offered no help to the 
company which he now claims to be 
vital to our technology, Westland 
looked for a survival kit elsewhere. 

The obvious choice was Sikorsky, 
with which Westland has been 
associated for 40 years. Westland’s 
most successful helicopter, the Sea 
ng, which, was so valuable in the 
Fafldands (Hesdtine now wants to 
boy more of them), was made under 
licence from Sikorsky. The two 
companies are natural partners. 

The Sikorsky bid involves a 
guarantee of long-term work with 
growing prospects. Though :in 
certain circumstances a Sikorsky- 
Fiat shareholding in Westland could 
rise to some 35 per sent, it would not 
amo unt to a take-over, as has been 
mischievously propagated. Initially 
Peter Levene, the MoD official 
heading weapon procurement, 
encouraged Sikorsky to come in. A 
senior vice-president of Sikorsky 
saw Heseltine, who said he had do 
objection. • ■ 

What happened suddenly to 
compel Heseltine to the belief that 
two Nato firms coming to! the rescue 
of Westland were a menace to the 
state?' • • 

It could not have been the merits 
of the case which galvanized him into 
egging on the hastily botched together 
European consortium and threaten- 
ing Westland with a* cessation of 
government purchases and other 
things too horrible to mention if itdid 
not do Ms bidding. None of the 
elements of the European consortium 
had previously offered the help 
needed. The German participant 
would -require parliamentary 
authority .which is unlikely to be 
forthcoming in view of Germany’s 
competition * laws. Aerospatiale 
(FranCeV British Aerospace and 
GEC all considered receivership the 
best solution. - ••••-. 

Pique in part was responsible for 
the. extraordinary lengths to which 
Heseltine has gone • in breaching 
the Cabinet policy of neutrality. 
According to the Sunday Telegraph 
of December 22 he was “goaded i . . 
because his efforts to have the 
European plan discussed in Cabinet 
were thwarted” - Doubtless also 
Heseltine though^ it was time for 
him to make a flourish to register 
that he was in the fore of contenders 
for the leadership In succession to 
Mrs Thatcher. “ 

Aerospatiale to : withdraw,, work : if •*'' 

Westland does not feU mime behind ' 

Heseltine. is also tenuous as its 

contract woMd mot allow ft to do $b ’ 

for at least a year. 

The threat that Westland would - - 
not get further orders finia the MoD 1 
is illusory, as such procurement " 
decisions are made , by a Cabinet - 
committee, not. by die Defence ' 
Secretary personally. So is the threat 
that Westland would not be allowed 
to join in European projects, if any • 

This is an intergovernmental matter 
as are purchases by Nato. Westland 
will remain a British firm if the * 
Sikorsky-Flat bid succeeds and will -~ 
have still stronger Nato credentials * 
for participating in Nato’s NH90 '• 
helicopter. ~ 

The ill-thought-out European 
consortium would give Westland • 

component work, not lhe buildmg of ' 

whole is thus a greater ' 
danger to the future ’ of Britisti ■ 
technology than the Sikorsky plan ■' 
which would enable construction of . ' 
entire helicopters to be maintained 
Sikorsky has a high -regard for - 
Westland expertise; which . is the : 
main reason for its interest. Sikorsky • 
believes , that Westland.- could : * • 
materially help with exports in .- 
countries where ithasa better emrfe . 
than Sikorsky; and Black Hawk's ;- 
made by WestUuid would be 100 ptr 
cent British. •- ‘ ^ 

It is not surprising that tout of . - 
10 of Westland’s. 11 ;000 employees - 
prefer Sikorsky. Its backing looks 
much more attractive than the - 
rickety, non-cohesive ■ European * 
consortium of loss-makers with iu> • 

• central purpose- which . would be : 
quite likely to let Wgsilaxtd down jji ; - 
the first sign of trouble.. 

However,., shareholders and 
employee^ alfte- ran be grateful to 
‘ Heseltine for one by-product of his .. 
curious change of bdmiour. It has * 
stimulated the European consortium - 
and Sikorsky-Fiat info making offer? ' 
which a few mouths ago .WestUmcl : - 
would have thought impossible. . . . 

Heseltine has absurdly gambled 
his politicaMuture on Sikorsky-Fiai 
being defeated. -He has called in * 
patriotism, though it is. hard to see 
the difference between . one set af - 
Nato allies and another. He is : - 
arousing baseless fears about lost v 
British, technology which a few 
months ago did not alarm him at all. •*"" 
He has raised the frag of government - 
intervention ; to . .appeal to_rdie 
dirigistes in the Tory party' and .' 

But all the evidence suggests that • 

Ms intervention is on the wrong ' 
side. He has bullied and blackmailed /"" . . 
Westland, hi short, he has got ", 
himself into a regular tantrum about - 1 
nothing at aU. 

Whichever way the Westland 
shareholders now decide, Hesdtine 
will be left with no reputation for 1 ■ • 
reliability or sound judgement but 
will have, shown himself ready to 
veer impulsively in search of a 
political opportunity. That will not 
endear him to those who one day *•. . 

will choose the next Tory leader. ' , 

n- ) 

L>- * 


Peter Mullen 

On the trait Alec Guinness 

as George SmBey . 

On the rate RobertDonat 
as Richard Hannay 

possession. Of th e s e perhaps 
Hemingway, conscientious and 
devoted artist though he remained 
to the end, is perhaps the most 
obvious example. 

But that, as Kipling, one who 
knew the value of detachment from 
experience, used to say, is another 

© ABnMorit.DK 

Fiver fever 

I was so greedy for space for my 
great cricket quotations last week 
that I kept back the names of the 
noble souls who win fivers for their 
efforts, A few contributions used 
were anonymous and many were 
duplicated, in which case I drew 
from a bat. To those who submitted 
quotations which I used, and who 
do not find their names hero my 
commiserations and apologies: to all 
who sent me quotations, my thanks: 
to all those listed below, my fivers: 

SmRcv cuve Coomt. BgVafa L. Bw, Mfttiu 
Bniapr ana Rear p. vn am 


New Zealand could well have 
reached a turning-point in its search 
for a new identity, thanks to two 
dramas of 1 985: its row with 
Washington over visits by nuclear 
warships and the sinking by French 
secret-service saboteurs of the 
Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior. 

One of the most articulate MPs in 
David Lange's governing Labour 
party, Helen Clark, chairman of the 
select committee on foreign affairs 
and defence, sees the events of 1985 
as hastening a transition from a 
“settler mentality" to a new 
consciousness of New Zealand’s role 
in the south Pacific. 

The blowing up of the Rainbow 
Warrior in Auckland harbour to 
prevent it from making a protest 
voyage to the French nuclear testing 
she at Mururoa atoll struck New 
Zealanders at first with incredulity. 

The whole story - the ineptitude 
of the French operation, the 
blundering attempts by France to 
whitewash the affair, Lange's con- 
demnation of it as “state-sponsored 
terrorism", and the eventual jailing 
of two French agents for killing a 
Greenpeace crewman - solidified 
support for Lange in his anti-nuclear 

In Helen dark's view, the “settler 
mentality” has meant for too long 
that New Zealanders have identified 
with western Europe and with 
Britain in particular. She says that at 
25 public meetings around the 
country she has received total 
support for her view that New 
ad should see itself first as a 
south Pacific nation with the same 
interests as, for example, the 

Richard Long finds a change of mood among 
a people more British than the British 

Kiwi kin seeking 
a new identity 

Mg it was excessive holiness that 
kept the old monk's feet warm. I 
suppose in the bade of my mind 
there was some sort of confusion 
with fakirs and sages who. could 
walk the hot coals un blistered. 

All this holiness, I ' learned; was 
generated by a community - a 
religious community, that of. the 
College of the Resurrection in the 
West Riding of YorksMre. “Com- 
munity" then became for me a 
mystical word,, signifying and 

whose job it is to help all races live 
at peace in one community. Their 
work is not helped by talking of "the 
black community", “the white; 
community”, “the Asian com-, 
m unity" and so on, which actually- 
creates sectarianism and the spirit of; 
the ghetto. Whiles, blacks and"' 
Asians may' in any one place form a ; 
minority. It makes no sense to speak ' 
of “a minority community”" for the - 
community is the whole. ...i 

Some thing similar happens in the,' 
gay community" 


of defence interest does not extend 
outside the south Pacific and 'rests , . 

on building stronger links awnwg the 1 &&& spiritual power 
T mnntrW leering almost on magic. 

On the college’s open 

South' Pacific Forum , . .. , 

especially Australia. "I Un , colleges open day . 

This would not mean neutrality j^ded an open-air service of Holy 
it it would mean more of a l c 9»mumon. They called it “mass” 

and went 

Polynesians troubled by France's 
nuclear tests. This thinking is 
strengthened by the size of the 
country’s Maori population and by 
the feet that Polynesian migration 
has made Auckland the largest 
Polynesian city in the world. 

AU this marks a remarkable 
change in a country which has 
hitherto been unwilling to cut the 
apron-strings with Britain, and 
where many elderly citizens, though 
they may be second or third 
generation New Zealanders, still talk 
of Britain as “home". 

The Britishness has deep roots. 
The novelist Anthony Trollope, 
after a tour of the Antipodes, wrote 
in 1873 that New Zealanders woe 
“more English than the Englishman 
at home" and that “the New 
Zealander among John Bolls is the 
most John Bullish.” A New Zealand 
historian, Keith Sinclair, has noted 
that New Z e a lan de rs were prepared 
to “gallop off to war at the drop of a 
hat," i committing forces to the the 
Boer war, the two world wars, the - 
Korean war, the Malayan campaign 
and the Vietnam war. 

As New Zealand;* 1 S-month-old 

Labour government searches for a 
new stance that will emphasize the 
country’s place and role in the south 
Pacific, it is becoming clear that 
such commitments are less likely in 
future unless they are part of United 
Nations operations. 

Films and television documen- 
taries have played a part in this 
change of attitude. Gallipoli , the 
Australian film on the ill-feted 
campaign which cost so many 
Australian and New Zealand lives, 
was one example. Another was an 
Australian television documentary. 
The Last Bastion, which dramatized 
the rows with Winston Churchill as 
Anzac troops remained tied up in 
the Middle East, leaving Australia 
and New Zealand largely unprotec- 
ted as the Japanese swept south. 

The New Zealand government’s 
defence discussion paper, which sets 
the scene for a review of policy, 
comments on New Zealand’s in- 
volvement in collective security; 
“There is now a wide feeling that 
this was done uncritically, at too 
high a cost to a small remote 

The review is likely to reinforce 
the notion that New Zealand's area 

but it would mean more of a 
“Scandinavian” approach. Labour 
speakers have used the phrase 
“semi-ally” in their speeches — 
although this is a term of which 
Lange does not approve. 

Lange's ban on nuclear warship 
visits, which began with the 
rejection of the USSBuchanan l«q 
February and was formalized, to 
Washington's annoyance, with legis- 
lation in parliament before Christ- 
mas, does have strong public 

Support is strong too. however, 
for the Anzus aniftnry tin king 
Australia. New Zealand and the 
United States in a type of mini- 
Nato. Threats to the alliance, long 
described as the cornerstone of 
defence and foreign policy, would 
bring widespread public concern - 
even though at present the altianr^ 
exists is name only for New 
Zealand- Washington has cancelled 
aU joint defence- exercises and 
exchanges and has curbed the flow 
of intemgence information. 

Some MPs are predicting that this 
year win see New reducing 

the number of diplomatic posts in. 
European, capitals . and increasing 
those in North Africa and the 
Middle East, where .there are 
propects for meat and wool ex p or ts. 
There may abpbe a“syinbc3ic”"post 
in Stockholm, in recognition of 
Scandinavian sympathy for 'the 
remote Pacific nation. . 

rapresaon __ : , - 

This does not really achieve its 0 V _. -C . - 
intended feel - the warm re a ssu ri ng ■. 
glow of all friends together. Rathetya 
referring to' gays as a community <i 
isolates them, m a ke s them alien,,-' 
and produces, in “sads” or 
“straights” or whatever may be the , 
opposite' epithet only -.(horrible, 
“accurate word) “homophobia"... 

How much more integrating genu-’.* 


J-i. " • 

it in for ecclesiastical mely wholesome, to speak instead of', 

of great altitude - smells, “gay memberaof the community"; 
bells, frilly cottas, genuflections 
galore, the occasional prostration 

and perpetual chest-scratching with 
the sign of the cross. And an 
Anglican aftermath: cucumber sand- 
wiches and weak tea on the lawn. 

TTie magic word “community" 
made sense there. It was the monks* 
unity which gave them strength and 
religious authority. Common faith 
derived from common life. .1116 
curate told us that the life of the 
religious community was a model of 
what society at large should be. So it 
wasn't narrow or exclusive at alL 
•Butthe word “community" has 

j the community": 
And back to religion. Synod-per-<* 
sons and the like do eqjoy . talking' 1 
about “the ' Chris tian ' community"., j ' 



Ife;: * . 

Xi'-y- ■ 

. . . newfangled 

preoccupations. I don’t mean simple 
^tensions of use, as when we might 
refer to the community that inhabits 
a new housing estate. I mean fall- 
scale redefinitions of the word which 
are really radical because they alter 
the way we think. 1 

The original use of “community 
was a sgn of togetherness, belong- 
ing, utchisnnty. Nowadays it pre- 
serves that usage only in n . weak 

divide, to 
10 aP«t- So there is 
.°f . J® black community” 
Paradoxically - perhaps this talk 
comes not so much from those who 
are raaally proufficed as 
workers m the inner cities, from 
commum ty-jelations counsdlore 

Exrept when used in the context- >qf» ^ 
religious houses, this phrase is just 
as bad as “black community" or ? 
gay community”. It is a usage 
particularly con taminated ' by Pharf- J 1 
s p e ' sm , the sense of holier-than-! 1 ? „ 
thou. These people ' are Christian, • • 

but what of the rest? • . . 'V!" - 

C hristian cn mm rmyty” m it5 -i - -~ 
curreut image is an expression thaftf 
would have made- no sense to the-n 
cromors of the English Church in-thOj} . ^ ® ■ 

” ow re-mythoic^iz«iaaining the resTfaJSi 

1 0 fg gy ^ety’s newfangled oneand not dSfe ‘" ; 

ested parties each of winch refersHO^ 
ttself as .the so-and-so conmitmiiy. 1 *5 ,> 
Every member- of England - " 

member of the English Ctinrdi* T-i \ b / 
that was tire motto T ; * 

I .suppose- in our own agd’sK . 

^Pe .for SC 

And. its chief aim 01 1 

l H-a: 

chief aim was the 
community:. of our unhappy 
. asons. 

contemporary secular TtfcftfcA 
community” - sonnd ir ■e^ » . 

. and cosy ., worksonlyfor fee ,v 

encouragement ofsectarianifflmthaf 






P.O. Box 7, 200 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8EZ. Telephone: 01-837 12 34 


Takeovers not in public interest 

From Lord Hacking In this sense tfac o ff eror is raring 

Labour learning 
from mistakes 

Politicians and statesmen are 
fond of New Year messages. 
Whatever their tendencies 
towards seasonal piety, they are 
confined to words alone. Irish 
terrorists saw in 1986 by murder- 
ing a pair of policemen. It was a 
New Year message to remind us 
of some underlying realities in 
Northern Ireland, which have 
been partially obscured by recent 
political excitements. 

It was delivered alongside two 
statistics which emerged this 
week. The Royal Ulster Con- 
stabulary has just suffered its 
worst year of casualties since 
1976. With the despatch of 550 
additional troops, the Army’s 
strength in the province is at its 
highest level for more than 10 
years. Ail in all, a grim aftermath 
to the cheerful tableau of British 
and Irish ministers assembled to 
sign the Hillsborough agreement 
in November. 

Elected government in North- 
ern Ireland is under systematic 
assault by armed military con- 
spiracy. Agreements, such as the 
one signed at Hillsborough, 
which redefine relations between 
democratic states may, eventu- 
ally, affect the battle against 
terrorism by altering the context 
in which it is fought. But 
agreements can do very little for 
the everyday business of pre- 
venting the murder of soldiers 
and policemen. The ministers of 
the British and Irish govern- 
ments who are set to defend their 
agreement in the run-up to 
parliamentary by-elections later 
this month would do well to 
frame their defence in that 
knowledge, lest anyone be de- 

ceived into thinking that the IRA 
has been somehow forgotten. 

The IRA, explicitly commit- 
ted to a long campaign to wear 
down the British electorate’s 
commitment to Northern Ire- 
land, need only enough killing to 
ensure that no-one does forget 
them. That basic purpose is 
common to • every atrocity, 
although their choice of targets 
may vary over time. Lately, they 
have been aiming most fre- 
quently at the RUC, perhaps in 
the hope of lowering morale to 
the point where policemen might 
exceed their powers, or could in 
some way be cast in the role of a 
“sectarian” (that is to say, pro- 
Unionist and anti-N ationaiist) 
force. They have not found it 
easy to provoke this , and their 
frustration may be seen in their 
threats against a softer target, the 
contractors faced with a heavy 
rebuilding programme in several 
police stations. 

By stepping up murder, the 
IRA are aim setting up a test for 
the Hillsborough agreement. 
More crime means more investi- 
gation. There is always the 
possibility that nationalist poli- 
ticians will claim that police 
action is increasing the “alien- 
ation” of the Catholic com- 
munity - and, they are likely to 
add, recruit more voters for 
Provisional Sinn Fein. But the 
Hillsborough agreement can 
only work if Dublin’s ministers 
at the inter-governmental confer- 
ence can combine their role as 
representatives of the north’s 
minority Catholic population 
with support for property con- 
ducted security operations. They 
are entitled, and encouraged, by 
the agreement to urge northern 

Catholics to take part in moni- 
toring the quality of police work 
and the past has shown that this 
is necessary. 

But everyday policing cannot 
become a matter for continuous 
political control and inter- 
ferenc**. Nnr wTJ the Hills- 
borough agreement amount to 
very much if disagreements 
between politicians and diplo- 
mats about security are little 
more than coded exchanges 
about partition and history, with 
the purposes and details of i 
security operations absorbed in a 
larger quarrel. If the agreement 
has any success in building 
support inside the minority 
ra m mm uni ty for legitimate 
authority, it can only do so if I 
nationalist politicians can ‘lay 
aside the sectarian, symbolic 
view of policing, and treat the 
issues which arise on their! 
merits. It goes without saying 
that this stricture applies in 
exactly the same measure to the 
police, whose impartiality may 
well meet stifler tests if and 
when opposition to the agree- 
ment turns to civil disobedience. 

Paramilitaries of the north 
clearly intend to show that they 
continue to wield a power of 
veto over political progress: and 
indeed political activity of any 
kind. There are now hunger- 
strikers in the Maze for the first 
time in five years, who are 
capable of mounting a d rama 
which will come to overshadow 
all else. A Government’s only 
defence against this sort of attack 
is a steadying determination, 
forged by the knowledge that it 
will have to be maintained at 
high cost for a long time: 

Sir, It would Have been unthinkable his target’s moneys m order to make M Rnaker MP for Pan 

- foe bid iiseffi Thereafter; if the bid y ^ 

a few years ago for a company with _ 

the assets of one tenth tile value of ■ succeeds, so large is the debt and so- 

another company to find sufficient 
finance to huraot a takeover tad. 
However, this is exactly /what we are 
witnessing in the Argyll bid for 
Distillers. Nor is this the first such 
mayor hid to reach our shores. There 
is also Elders .■ JXL Which is 
attempting its own David and 
Goliath act against AUiodLyons. 

While " this ■ form of hostile 
takeover bid. certainly of the 
proportions of the Elders and Argyll 
bids, may be new to us, they have 
been in the United States for a little 
time: For example, the . GAF 
Corporation, reportedly one tenth of 
the size of its target company, is 
currently locked m tattle with 
Union Carbide on a bid valued at 
US $4.8' billion with the support of 
financing valued at US $3.75 billion. 
Some of these bids have succeeded 
and some not, 'but at least one US 
major corporation, during the last 
four months, has been pulled apart 
in such a takeover without regard to. 
the industry in whijfo it operated or 
the public interest at large. 

No expertise in takeovers is 
required to appreciate that the 
offeror in these, so-called “lever- 
aged 1 * bids has to obtain huge loans 
for financing and sustaining the bid. 
Argyll has already had to seek net 
borrowings of £600 million and if it 
bad to make a higher bid it would 
have to increase its net borrowings 
further still! Thus to make and 
sustain such bids the offeror has to 
rely not upon the assets in his 
balance sheet but upon the larger 
assets in the target company’s 
balance sheet. 

heavy the ' pressure to reduce or 
discharge it; the decision-making of 
the new . company on matters 
affecting public interest (viz, ' em- 
ployment, competition, etc) are 
bound to be unduly influenced by 
the need to deal with indebtedness. 

Hence, the public interest is at a 
greater risk in this form of takeover 
than it is in other forms of takeover. 

For these reasons'! suggest that, 
until this form of takeover has been 
fully examined and, where necess- 
ary, ground rules established, they 
should, be - referred to the Mon-. 
opoUes and Mergers Commission 
for proper scrutiny, as has. already 
been the hid by Elders DCL for 
Allied Lyons. Unless and. until this 
exercise has been carried out it 
would he prudent to regard this 
form of takeover with considerable 

In 'reference to Argyll’s bid for 
Distillers there is an added reason 
why this should be referred to the 
Monopolies and Mergers Com- 
mission. The timing of it, straddling 
the Christmas and new year holiday, 
has effectively stifled public debate — 
in the case of Parliament prevented 
it altogether - and has left the 
Distillers' shareholders with a 
remarkably short time to consider 
an offer document which, stretching 
over 60 pages, is complex and long. 
This the right way for us 
to conduct oar affairs. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

January 2. 


The Foreign Office's expression 
of “regret” over the Bangladesh 
government’s last-minute refusal 
to allow four English cricketers 
into its country must reflect 
Whitehall’s instinctive 'prefer- 
ence for damage limitation. It is 
therefore up to others, less 
professionally constrained, to 
ensure that Dakha is left in no 
doubt over the true nature of 
British reaction. 

The Bangladesh government’s 
excuse is that its own cricket 
control board did not produce 
confirmation until the eleventh 
hour of the four players' links 
with South Africa. But this is not 
even an adequate explanation, 
for what can only be seen as a 
grave discourtesy to this country. 

It is true that each government 
has the right to deride who 
should or should not be admit- 
ted past its shores. But the 
England “B” cricket party were 
travelling as the quasi-official 
representatives of a friendly 
nation. The very least that might 
have been expected of their hosts 
was that any such difficulties 
would have been sorted out in 
good time, and that it should 
have absorbed itself the conse- 
quences of its own failure to do 

Whenever they ought to have 
been lodged, were the objections 
unreasonable? They were made 
after all on the basis of the 
Commonwealth's 1977 Glen- 

eagles Agreement which com- of turning a blind eye, and was 
mined member states to take widely criticized at the time for 
every practical step to “discour- being too harsh. 

age” its nationals from contact 
or competition with sporting 
organizations, teams or sports- 
men from South Africa. The 
methods by which this commit- 
ment should be discharged were 
left to the governments them- 

The method adopted by suc- 
cessive British governments 
since has been one of gentle 
persuasion on the administrative 
body of the sport concerned. It 
has then been up to that 
particular organization to take 
what action it considers appro- 
priate: That may not sound like 
the strong stance favoured by 
some other Commonwealth 
countries. But few, if any 
sporting bodies can be in much 
doubt over Whitehall’s dis- 

No MCC touring team has 
been to South Africa (and no 
South African team has been 
here) since the middle 1960s. 
The 1968-9 tour of the Cape was 
actually cancelled by England. 
The so-called “rebel” England 
cricketers who went to South 
Africa in the early 1980s were 
banned for three years from the 
national side, and only re-joined 
it last summer. This last action 
might not have been as punitive 
as that taken by the West Indies, 
which banned its own “rebels” 
for life. But it was hardly a case 

The players to whom Bangla- 
desh has now objected have been 
penalized for coaching in South 
Africa as individuals. They were 
picked for England under a 
ruling by the International 
Cricket Conference of 1981 that 
each country should be free to 
pick its own best side. This 
particular quartet must have 
been (or at least should have 
been) considered by the relectors 
to be vulnerable. But the choice 
in the end deserved to be 
respected by the Bangladesh 

Perhaps the Dakha govern- 
ment Is smarting over the refusal 
of Britain to operate full-blooded 
economic sanctions against Pre- 
toria. If so then it has been ill- 
advised to take umbrage in this 
way. With its own previous 
record on democratic rights it 
can hardly expect its decision to 
be treated in this country with 

We must now hope that 
Zimbabwe does not follow this 
example and, still more so, that 
the fever does not extend to the 
forthcoming tour by the England 
First XI in the Caribbean. There 
is a point beyond which sanc- 
tions can only be counterproduc- 
tive. They then risk bringing 
apartheid into sport not taking it 

No honour for Geldof 

From Mr Derek Bartlett 
Sir, It is reported in today’s issue of 
The Times (January 2) that the 
omission of Mr Bob Geldof from the 
New Year’s Honours list is -attri- 
buted to the feet that there is no 
precedent for giving an award to a 
non-British or Commonwealth citi- 
zen for activities which have not 
benefited this country or the 

I suggest that in the quite 
exceptional case of Mr Geldof this is 
not a justification. Indeed, he has 
performed a great service to this 
country in reawakening in its people 
a conscience and humanity to a level 
that no present day British politician 
or cleric could ever have done. 

Moreover, the omission of his 
name is a failure to acknowledge the 
selfless service to mankind given by 
his organisation's team of British 

That this nation wished to honour 
Mr Geldof is dear from the wide- 
spread- expressions of shock and 
disappointment which have fol- 
lowed the omission. The failure to 
recognise this wish demonstrates 
again how for removed our elected 
leaders are from the rest of us. 

A government allegedly con- 
cerned with public image would 
have derived much greater benefit 
from a modest award to Mr Geldof 
than from a knighthood conferred to 
reward- advice on voice pitch and 

I suspect that in leaving Mir 
Geldof out of her list, Mrs Thatcher 
may - well have found .the first, 
bauatia skin of 1986. 

Yours faithfully, 


23 The Ridgeway, 



January 2. i 

From Mr Richard Langridge 
Sir, At a time When our thoughts axe 
taming naturally to the plight of the 
starving and the poor in this world, 
one of the crowning achievements of 
1985 must be the work of relief 
organisations in assisting the famine 
in Africa. 

Why then, when so many sections 
of British society have given to 
famin e relief have the financial 
institutions of the City of London 
been so quiet on this front? We have 
had Band Aid, Live Aid, Fashion 
Aid, Actor Aid; at Christmas 
London's shops contributed with 
tight Aid and last night on 
television saw the .appearance of 
Opera Aid. Where, then, is City Aid? 

The City's financial institutions 
are one of the country’s greatest 
sources of revenue; every year 
upwards of £129 billion of business 
passes through City hands, making 
Live Aid’s £50 million paltry by 
comparison. Why, then, are the 
bankers, the brokers, the investors of 
the City so mean?- 
'"Surely, when 1 985 has been a year 
of tarnished reputations in the City, 
an event like City Aid could restore 
much-needed public confidence - as 
well as helping to' prevent a 
continuing famine in Africa. 

Yours faithfully, 


2 Chalfont Court, 

236 Baker Street, NWL 
December 23r 

From Mr Leslie W. Melville 
Sir, Bob Gddbf has helped this 
country; tie has helped it show the 
world that the people of this country 
recognize that in the ultimate test 
mankind is. one family and ought to 
organize mufiial help in any disaster. 
Yours truly, 


23 Woodfands,WelshpwodPark, 
Colchester, Lsstx. 

It has been evident for some 
time that in negotiations 
between bankers, international 
organizations and insolvent 
countries, the initiative can 
readily pass to debtor countries 
that are in a position to seize it. 
Banks are more reluctant than 
ever to call a default, because of 
the domino effect on their own 
balance sheets. And multi- 
national companies are anxious 
to retain and develop important 
if temporarily depressed mar- 

Pressures at home, however, 
provide the greatest stimulus for 
all but the most stable debtor 
governments to call the bluff of 
the International Monetary 
Fund and question the assump- 
tion that an economic restructur- 
ing agreement with the IMF is a 
vital pre-requisite for reschedul- 
ing bank debts. 

The new regime in Nigeria has 
revealed a subtle strategy to do 
just that Following the break- 
down of talks with the IMF over 
Nigeria's reluctance to devalue a 
currency that trades at a fifth of 
its nominal exchange rate in the 
black market, it has announced 
measures at home and con- 
ditions for rescheduling that 
offer both the banks and the IMF 
enough of what they want to 
make them think twice. Credi- 
tors abroad are privately re- 



assured about Nigeria’s 
faith and good intentions. 

In particular, the Budget 
included drastic cuts in the 
subsidies that Nigeria, a leading 
oil producer, • has given to 
restrain domestic prices of motor 
fuel. There are also moves to 
restructure the economy to 
encourage currently negligible 
non-oil exports of products such 
as food 

On the other side, Major- 
General Babangida’s govern- 
ment has followed Peru’s 
example and imposed unilater- 

finanrial position and to the 
restructuring of its economy. 
The prospect of drastic devalu- 
ation was unpopular at home. 
No wonder. For devaluation 
represents a drop in living 
standards unless that is delayed 
by inflation. Yet the changes in 
the oil market have cut the value 
of Nigeria’s output whether the 
people like it or not. 

Attempts to disguise this are 
likely to undermine not only the 
government's efforts to restruc- 
ture the economy but also to 
crack down on the endemic 

ally a limit on the proportion of corruption that clogs its wheels. 

the country's foreign exchange 
earnings that will be used to 
service up to 20 billion dollars of 
foreign debt. It proposes to open 
rescheduling talks on that basis, 
although the finance minister 
later suggested that the 30 per 
cent limit was a negotiating 
position. The bankers may have 
some sympathy with this stance, 
in that the limit will enable 
Nigeria to service a good part of 
its longer-term debt, however 
anxious traders and insurers may 
be about their already delayed 
trade debts. Any deterioration in 
oil trading would in any case malpractice, 
nave limited Nigeria’s ability to further such 

The government has in mind 
some kind of compromise in- 
volving a two-tier currency 
market that will partly legitimize 
the black market and perhaps 
pave the way to modest devalu- 
ation. Yet this sets up more of 
the administrative controls that 
breed corruption. A new kind of 
import license is to be available, 
but only to some and still rigidly 
controlled. And to counteract the 
currency misalignment, a 30 per 
cent import levy is to be 
imposed to finance export incen- 
tives, both openings for further 
While it builds 
structures to dis- 

Lessons from Swiss 

Frompr Michael P. O’Reilly 
Sir, Mr Farr (December 27) is right. 
We have much to learn from the 
Swiss. I cannot, however,; agree with 
him that -adopting -• Rousseau's 
philosophy as expressed- in The 
Social Contract'- win provide a 
solution, to Britain's' problems- On 
the contrary, it could have quite 
devastating consequences. 

The “general wfiT*, which is the 
keystone of Rousseau’s reasoning; 
cannot exist in any real sense in a 
country like Britain, where there is 
such a diversity of interests. In such 
circumstances Rousseau's state- 
ments become totalitarian; 
la order, then, that the social compact 
may not be an empty formula, it tacitly 
includes the undertaking, which atone 
can give force to the rest, that whosoever 
refuses to obey the general will shall be 
compelled to do so by the whole body. 
This means nothing leas than he will be 
forced to be fire. {Social Contract LI.). 

It is too easy for the non-demo- 
cratic dements of the political scene 
to say they have discovered the 
general wiQ. I cannot say that I relish 
the thought of them forcing me to be 

Yours faithfully, 

more House, 



December 28. 

The student pauper 

From Mr Mark A. F. Hubbard 
Sir, Following your recent article,, 
“The student pauper” (December 
18) I felt it only right to inform you 
<of what has happened at a grass- 
roots leveL 

Student entitlement to housing 
benefit began approximately two 
years ago. At that lime the average 
rent per person in Exeter was 
between £10 and £15 per week. With 
the threat of the Fowler review of 
social security I have been looking at 
student' rents in and around Exeter, 
only to find the average rent is now 
£20-£25 per week, a rise of 66 per 
cent in tire top figure in u n der two 

It is quite dear that the people 
benefiting from housing benefit are 
the landlords, not the students. But 
before Mr Fowler jumps on my 
letter as a good reason to cut housing 
benefit for students, may I pose him 
a question: How many landlords 
will lower those rents when housing 
benefit disappears? 

A victory for the private sector, 
yet again, I think. 

Yours faithfully, 


(Welfare Officer), 

Exeter University Guild of Students, 
Devonshire House, 

Stocker Road, Exeter, 


December 18. 


: Sir, Nal KinnocJc is quite realistic in 
placing renationalization on the 
back burner. Critics had better make 
up their minds what' they want, 
“more investment, and new jobs” or 
“more investment for tire same 
jobs”. Z know what my constituents 
win vote for. 

Simply restoring the status quo 
will be unacceptable to workers, 
communities and customers. We 
would be offering more unaccount- 
able, un rep re s entative State mon- 
opolies, support for which is passive 
or, at most, based on a vested 
interest Genuine accountability to 
Parliament has been non-existent 
The former Birmingham Municipal 
Bank was more accountable to the 
citizens of Birmingham than any 
nationalised industry I can name. 

If tire general public had actually 
felt they owned and controlled the 
public-sector industries sold off it 
would have been difficult If not 
impossible, for a sell-off policy to 
have been put forward, let alone 
executed. The nmzriag of such 
industries has not even been in line 
with the Labour Party constitution, 
which calls for “common owner- 
ship” and the “best obtainable 
system of popular administration”. 
Whatever else they have been, the 
administrations have not been 

Time spent now using our brains 
on the structure and accountability 
of the existing public sector will pay 
dividends, not the least being the 
winning of wide public support for 
the public sector. The new invest- 
ment required to put our people 
back to work will be public-sector 
led. It will not win support if we 
show that we have not learnt from 
our mistakes of the past 
Yours , 


House of Commons. 

December 31. 

From Mr John Parfitt 
Sir. I*m not rich and I don't own any 
shares in quoted companies. I do, 
however, have a stake in my 
company’s pension fund and a 
couple of fife insurance policies; and 
my wife has a small unit mist 
holding. All of these investments are 
looked after for os by the so-called 

Does Mr Kinnock (report, Dec- 
ember 30) now propose to penalise 
us for leaving it to them rather than 
Tunning our own pathetic portfolios 
- an activity for which we have 
neither the time nor the ability: nor 
indeed the wealth? 

Yours faithfully, 


86 Higher Drive, 

Pur ley, 


December 30. 

Sleepers awake . 

From the Reverend David A. 

Sir, Professor Ian Fells asks (Decem- 
ber 28) whether a longitudinal bunk 
would not be more sleep-inducing 
than the present BR sleeper design, 
in which they are always transverse 

I have asked myself the same 
question, especially after riding in 
trains a lot less smooth than BR’s. 
Lateral movement mien one is in a 
transverse bunk does appear to be 
less restful 

However, in southeast Asia one 
may still find sleeping cars of all 
types: those similar to BR’s, as well 
as the older open bunk layout, and 
with transverse and longitudinal 
beds in either style. 

After a score of rides in all types, 
both air-conditioned and not, I have 
come to the conclusion that sleep in 
sleeping cars is not a function of 
travel direction, bat of tiredness and 
that lack of anything on my mind to 
keep me awake! 

Yours faithfully, 

c/o 55 Essenden Road, 

South Croydon, Surrey. 


JANUARY 41885 

The premiers of this, the third cametty 
by Oscar Wide (1856-1900) was 
attended fy the Prmce of Wales, toho 
learning afterwards that some of tire 
dialoguemay be cut said, "Do not take 
out a word.” 


The departure of Mr. Tree and his 
company for America leaves the 
Haymarket Theatre for a brief season 
in the hands, of Meeara. Lems Waller 
and H-H- Mordh and these g e n t lem e n 
have availed themselves of the 
opportunity to produce a new play by 
Mr. Oscar Wade. This, An Ideal 
Husband was brought out last night 
with a sin&ar degree of success to that 
which has attended Mr. Wilde's 
previous productions. It is a similar 
degree of success doe to similar causes. 
For An Ideal Husband is marked by the 
same characteristics as Lady Winder- 
mere's Fan and A Woman of No 
Importance. There is a group of well- 
dressed women and men on the stage, 
talking a strained, inverted, but rather 
amusing idiom, while the action, the 
dramatic motive, of the play springs 
from a c o nventional device of the 
commonest order of melodrama. Mr. 
Wilde's ingenuity is verbal; there is 
none of this quality expended upon his 
plot and very little upon his characters, 
most of whom have caught their 
author's trick of phrase. The central 
figure of the story, the ‘ideal husband" 
hunsel£ is a young and rising 
politician, one Sir Robert Chjhern 
who has become Under-Secretary for 
Foreign Affairs, with prospects of 
entering the Cabinet; ana the actum 
begins when this estimable and 
promising public man; adored by bis 
wife and extolled by the Press as all 
that is noble and upright in private and 
public life, falls a victim of blackmail at 
the hantk of an overdressed adventur- 
ess of cosmopolitan experience named 
Mrs Cbeveley. . . . 

With the exception of an odd 
tendency on the part of the dramatis 
persona ? to drop the subject in hand 
and score verbal successes at each 
other’s expense, the story pursues a 
normal course. Sir Robert ta 
counsel with a friend. Lord Goring, 
who rather bluntly recalls him to 
sense of his duty as a politician. “If you 
make a clean breast of it,” observes this 
mentor, “you will never be able to talk 
morality again, and if a -man cannot 
talk morality twice a week to a large 
immoral audience there . is no career for 
him as a politician; be can only fall 
back upon botany or the Church." . . 

To assume that the wotting out of 
this somewhat primitive story, which 
Mr. Wilde must have found rather than 
imagined, constitutes the interest of An 
Idem Husband would be doing the ploy 
an injustice. Mr. Wilde's mission 1 is to 
adorn the commonplace by force of 
epigram, and this aim he consistently 
pursues throughout Ins four acts. 
“Women discover everything except 
the obvious"; “Too much rouge and not 
enough clothes"; “It is always worth 
while to ask a-question, randy worth 
while answering one": “The pessimists 
are intolerable people because of the 
way they wear their hair”; “The 
modem woman understands every- 
thing extept her husband”; “Morality 
fi the attitude we adopt towards people 
we dislike”; “Vulgarity is the behaviour 
of other people” - such are a few of Mr. 
Wildh’s aphorisms, colled, as they are 
d&tributed, at random. 

Despite an imposing array of names 
in the cast, the action is carried on 
mainly, not to say exclusively, by Mr. 
Lewis Waller as Sir Robert, Miss Juba 
Neflson as his wife, Mr. Charles 
Hawtrey as Lord Goring, and 'Miss 
Florence West as Mrs. Cbevdey, such 
capable assistants as Miss Fanny 
Brough, Miss Vane Featherston, Afisa 
Maude Mfllett, and Mr. Alfred Bishop 
fulfilling in the “society” scenes of the 
piece a purely decorative function. The 
small put of a manservant is assigned 
to Mr. Brookfield, who {Dumfries it 
with unsuspected character. Admirably 
serving the author and well served by 
him in return, Mr. Lewis Waller rivets 
attention upon the part of Sir Robert, 
which is played in his manliest and 
most robust stylo. It is his friend Lord 
Goring who discharges the beat of the 
verbal fi re wor ks of the piece, mid the 
duty ia well performed by Mr. Hawtrey. 

Making the most of it 

From Commander F. N. Ponsonby. 

Sir, The anonymous writer of your 
“Food prices™ feature this morning 
(December 27) alleges “Shepherd's 
pie ... as hs name indica t es, used to 
be made from left-over mutton but 
is now invariably made from 
minced beef”. . . 

Not so: in spite of the near-im- 
possib fifty of obtaining mutton in 
this country a perfectly respectable 
shepherd’s pie continues to be made 
from left-over iamb. The minced 
beef version should be called cottage 

I have the honour, etc, 


Lythe Farm Cottage, 




December 27. 


The future of Nigeria’s cur- 
rency, the naira, is, however, 
crucial both to its developing 

guise market realities, the Nige- 
rian government will have little 
hope of cleaning up the country’s 
business practices. 

Health authority cuts 

From the Director of The Oxford 
Street Association 

Sir. Dr Souhami's letter (December 
30) on the problems facing Univer- 
sity College Hospital has impli- 
cations for Oxford Street. 

The accident and emergency 
(casualty) department at the Middle- 
sex Hospital - our local hospital - 
has been closed from January 1. 
Accidents in Oxford Street, accord- 

ing to the Bloomsbury Heahh 
Authority's information, should 
“attend” (sic) the accident and 
emergency department at University 
College Hospital which, according to 
Dr Souhami, is having the greatest 
difficulty in meeting its existing 

Oxford Street is one of the busiest 
traffic streets in London. At peak it 
is served by over 260 buses and 600 
taxis an hour. It is also the busiest 

shopping street in Europe. The 
inevitable, if unfortunate, conse- 
quence is some two hundred traffic 
accidents annually involving per- 
sonal injury for which the Blooms- 
bury Health Authority seems in 
prepa r e d . 

Yours faithfully, 


The Oxford Street Association, 

16-19 Eastcastfe Street, Wl. 

The.forgotten disease 

From the General Secretary of the 
Confederation of Health Service 

Sir, I must take issue with some of 
the points yon make in your leader 
of December 19 concerning the 
move toward community care. In 
the first place, it is wrong to dismiss 
the charge that the Government sees 
community care as a money-saving 

Services for the mentally ill have 
long been under-funded in this 
country and a simple admission by 
the Government that “community 
care is not a cheap option” will not 
suffice to quell the fears of those 
who suspect that saving money is 
precisely the Government's inten- 

Until the policy of an overall 
reduction in public ex p enditure 

Personal wealth in Britain totalled £550 
billion, not £550 million as stated in a 

leading article on December 3ft. 

ceases, the NHS will remain unable 
to provide the capital and revenue 
expenditure needed to develop 
community .rare; and unless sub- 
stantial additional fluids are wwrf«* 
available by the Government the 
public wfll continue to perceive 
community care as a money-saving 
exercise, no matter how plausible 

den Tala may snnnri 

Secondly, I would disagree with 
your recommendations on joint 
funding. While the ability of local 
authorities to provide adequate 
services for the mentally fli is 
undoubtedly distorted at present by 
cuts and rate-capping, their previous 
record of achievements in com- 
munity care does not bode well for 
the future. 

.Even with better central funding; 
joint fina nc e is untenable. Services 
for the mentally ill axe not regarded 
as a priority by most load 
authorities, and as nigh capital and 
revenue spending services they can 
become an electoral Kahfifty , if jgtc 
increases are die result. 

These difficulties are further 
compounded by the diverse political 
nature of local government, causing 
significant variations in provision 
between one local authority and 
another, and the lamentably in- 
adequate procedures for monitoring 
standards advocated - by central 

Therefore, while agreeing with 
you that urgent action is how needed 
to overcome the plight of those 
suffering from mental illness, and 
that they should be treated in the 
community, until we see a dramatic 
change in Government policy 
towards the NHS, progress in this 
area is unlikely. 

Yours faithfully, 


General Secretary, 

Confederation of Health Service 

Glen House. 

High Street, 



December 24. 

Classical top ten 

From Mr David Chesterman 
Sir, Analysis of all tymphonies 
played in London’s Barbican, Royal 
Albert, Royal Festival and Queen 
Elizabeth halls and at St John's, 
Smith Square, during 1985 shows 
that Beethoven, Who in 1984 lost to 
Mozart by half a symphony, has 
taken his revenge. He leads with 
621&, the half being two perform- 
ances of No Ts last movement given 
at the Barbican by Noel Tredumick. ~ 
Mozart is only one movement 
behind, with 62V*. Dvorak falls to 
32, 16 of these the “New World". 
Tchaikovsky scores 29 and, thanks 
to the LSO Festival, Mahler has 
gone up from 1314 to 24%o (including 
three “ffinmines” at each and 
three No 10 Adagios at Vs each). 

Haydn is sixth with 21, and equal 
seventh are Brahms, Schubert and 
Shostakovich, with 17 apiece. 
Mendelssohn, as in 1984, is tenth 
with 13. Sibelius, listed in 1984 with 
15, drops to eleventh place, even 
though I have counted bis “Kufler- 

Yours faithfully, 


15 Shire Lane. 



December 28. 

Wind in the wires 

From Mr Mark Ash 
Sir, Down our lane in this country 
area lived a fellow who acquired a 
London street lamp (pre-neon), 
stock a bulb in it and switched it on 
at night to illumine his front garden 
and, presumably, evoke a boyhood 
memory or two. 

Why doesn’t Mr Alter (December 
27) negotiate with British Telecom 
for one of their departing telegraph 
poles, ran wires from it to his 
nearest tree and ever thereafter, 
when the wind blows, enjoy his own 
private moan? 

Yours faithfully, 


Buddie Hill, 

North Goriey, . 

Near FoiriinghndsP, Hampshire. - 

/ i 


court and social Age of the uncommitted theologian 

Prinaa Anne will agenda dinner Hms Royal Arthur, Corsham, Beards were pulled over it, men experienced when he first gave allow itself to come into contact teaching of Jesus in co mm union 

and fasmon show at Woburn Abbey Wiltshire, on February 28, and laier were burnt for it, but now it birth” to the character. with Jesus. It simply cannot . Ml the. members .of his body, 

o n Fe bruary^ organized by the will visit pj. Parmiter and Sons, seems that it is only good for . It is that sense of involve- > watch from the sidelines, like the Chords arid pondering the 

one Trials Support Group. agnculnirai ea^mccrs m Tisfrnry. sensational headlines. Is that ment which is so noticeably Gamaliel, to see which way the wonder of that life . which was 

Princess Anne, as president of the Tfe DcAks nf «r ik, the role for theology? lacking in much of modem wind Mows. If it is true of an made manifest and dwelt 

Royal Bath and West and Southern National Society for Gtrrcer Relief Why is it that the impact theology, and is paralleled in actor that he should enter into among us foil of grace and 

meeting of the society's counc 
the Shepton Mallet showgroum 
February 27. and later wifiopei 
new premises of Polamco 
Locfcsbrook Road, Bath. 

“ open the Magnetic Resonance 
™ Scanner Centre at the Mount 
Vernon Hospital, North wood, on. 
mco March 20. 

should literature and an. Few hove to the part, surely the theologian truth. 

teaching of Jesus in communion 
3 ¥fth the. members. of his body* 
the Church, arid 'pondering the ! 
wonder of that life, which was j 
made manifest and dwelt i 
among us .foil of grace and; 


Roman art historian . 

' Professor Jocelyn Toynbee, file. HMtom (1964) - 

PSA, FBA, who died on which dea ^ r ?^Sf ltlc J as well 

A ^ . .. _x" oo nr P/inran orl* rkoerth am A n - g 


? \ \ w 
\l l 

Princess Anne, as Chief Comman- 
dant of the WRNS, will inspect the The King of Spain is 48 tomorrow, 
passing-oui course and lake the The Grand Duke of Luxembourg is 
salute at ceremonial divisions at 65 tomorrow. 

where is it all leading and manipulating .the substance title of the first theologians can 
whether it matters anyway. with mechanical aims. be applied to the evangelists as 

Myself when young did eagerly From fotft distance, it is easy much as to St Paul but it is' 

at the beginning of the second 
century who could, speak as a 

.i .1 ■■ • n • Mi *■ a unr S 

Latest wills 


Mrs Eihd Grace GbdweD, of TODAY: Miss Grace Bumbry. 49; 
S anbury on Thames, Middlesex, Mr Alexander Chancellor. 46; Miss 

formerly of, Staines, left £613,337 j Rosalie Crutchley. 
net She left £9.350 in personal I ,Culhbertson. 56; 

64; Mr Iain 
Sir Thomas 

Doctor and saint and Heard 
great argument 
About it and about: but 


Caine out by the same door as 
ini went. 

bequests and the residue equally Ferens. 83; Professor K. J. Hancock. 
between the NSPCC, R5PCA, 51; Sir Havelock Hudson. 67; "j" 
Salvation Army, National Trust. Lieutenant-Commander Sir Ian 
Royal British Legion and the Dark Hutchison, 83; Sir Leslie self. 

It is not the costume or the bravura is there not a sub- 
make-up which seems at fault, conscious' unwillingness to 

with mechanical arms. . , be apphed Xo the evangdiStS as theow^ oF Christ “Word,! 

From tMt distance, it is easy much as to St Paul but it is 0 f God’s own. from silence 

to be daring. So there is much brightly that of the Christian ^ ™ 

which shocks the reader of fathers, who are at long last 
contemporanr. theology, but it . (and with American help) being ^tSth t cSe 
is quite, sftfe lo explode on . restored to their rightful place in _ 

the page because the author Christianity after a tong period. 3 nwe was no pn»s coherence, 

remains unaffected fry it alL J. B. Mosley tells ns little s e nsati onalism to. 

At the root of this theological , (Reminiscence s/vbl 0 that in fo® Lettere ?f goatius 

bravura is there not a sub- the mid-nineteenth century ® U U“?. 

conscious' unwillingness to Oxford divines described, the stuff of his life and death; ukc* 

. Laurence Professor Ementa fomfa ofpreWonc at Ravenna; 
of Archaeology in foe. uifoumn Life and Art 

University ofCambnSge, the. 0^75) and Soman Historical 
had been Professor there from Portraits, besides a, host of 
1951 to 1962, and was an Hon articles in learned journals. ■ 
EeDow of Newiiham College./" Jocelyn Toynbee -was not 

Jocelyn Mary ■ Catherine herself an- excavator; she was 
Toynbee was born on March. 3, probably less stimulated by 
1897, ruto a family already architectural subjects than by 
notable for its intellectual others; her response was pn- 
achievemeuts and social con-_ manly to the historical and ■ 

but the actor/theologian him- come into contact with the 

Methodist Homes for the Aged. 

| Joseph, 78; Professor 

Oxford diV^d^d^ tofaSt VS ^ 

fathers as “ad rubbish”. It was 5^ fienSon, produced a fraternal which, for her, ovenodeany 

aronpH hv mm cnr.h as R(W SpC0k Of what DC Dflfl Seen 2D<1 .. » IwntfiM- * 

83; Sir Leslie self fullness of Christ? We hear so argued by men such as Rose speak of what he had seen and 

>r B. Josephson, In feet, any actor would be much about the Christ event that they represented an alterna- ? ear 5 L . *“ c “’ “ P 2 * 1 

Makgfll, 56; Mr profoundly disturbed if he felt and the historical Jesus, but is live (and dubious) source of incalculable imp^t on ms 
tiiat a whole succession of that almost an excuse to keep authority which took away from aumence, who gathered up ms 

The Earl of Avon, of Kensington, 46; the Hon Diana Makgfll, 56; Mr profoundly disturbed if he felt and the historical Jesus, but is 

London, a former Under-Secretary T. J. Rix, 52; Sir Thomas Robson, that a whole succession of that almost an excuse to keep 

of state in the Etepartment of the 90; the Eari of Selkirk. QC, toe Mr characters was having no one from the impact of the 

Environment, left estate valued Enc E. van Lenncp, 93; Dr T. D. 6 - — • — - ■ 


impact, or even a negative WordofGod. 

£48,900 neu Wbinei, 71; Major-General Sir "* h i * u ^ ul,e 

Mr Kaines Adlard Coles, of Michael Wilkins. 53. impact on the audience. 

Lymingion. Hampshire, former TOMORROW: Mr Alfred Brendel, _ The real actor, as Simon 
editor of The Yachtsmen and 55; Miss Stella Gibbons, 84; Callow perceptively remarks in 
president of the Guild of Yachting LieutenantpCokmel H. C Hanbury, his recent book (Being an Actor, 

Wriim f 1 1 7 1 la TIM 7(V Sir Pmnt Hurtlmr 7V Alin ..J 

imag ine a modern 

impact on the audience. One might imagine a modem 

The real actor, as Simon version of the parable of the 
Callow perceptively remarks in supper in which one author 

the authority ofScripture. I words as they gathered up his 
It can be argued that in the ashes. - 

Writers, left £317.214 net. 70: Sir Frank Hartley. 75; Sir Alan 

Mr Hyman SBverfcere. of Netting- Hume, 73: Miss Jan Leaning. 44; 
ham. stockbroker, lot £1,400,557 Mr Robin Leigh-Pemberton. 59; His 
net. Honour Sir Rudolph Lyons, QC, 74; 

Byrne, Maude Constance, of Mr D. S. Oxley, 48; Mr Maurizio 

Chelsea. London £435.933 PollinL 44; Major-General H. 

Coote-CasweU, Peggy Jeanette Ada, Quinlan, 80; Mr Wilhelm Soukop, 

his recent book (Being an Actor, would have his structural 
Methuen), lives his part and analysis to try out, and another 

greatest weight of the fathers’ 
teaching we find that comple- 
ment to the Scriptures which 

The actor must simply be. 
The theologian must simply 
allow the witness of his words 

exists to co mmuni cate that would need to attend to his That is not because, the 
experience to the audience. He de-mythologization so that they Fathers had some, arcane set of 
maintains that the theatre could not come to the banquet teachings denied to foe rfet of 
demands a total commitment: of the only begotten. Son of foe faithful; they entered into 

gives us a sense of the full speak from a life which is 
majcstyofBrvelafr on. -totally committed to foe-one of 

That is not because, the whom he speaks. 

Fathers had some, arcane set of _ 

teac hin gs denied to foe rfct of James Tomnrst 

of Hove JE21 6,734] 



Captain M.LB. Varney 
and Mbs K. J. Bean 

“You need to enter into the Cod 

same creative state the author True theology must surely 

the very mystery of foe 
Incarnation through liviijg foe 

James Toflmrst 

Parish Priest, 

trio of historians, her brother aesthetic deficiencies. 

Arnold, beisdf and her sister The learning and powers of 
Margaret. dear exposition fon t fo g. 

She was educated at Winr „ tinguished her writing made her 
Chester High School and Newn- .also an effective ~ and popular - 
hazri CollMe. Cambridge, where lecturer: She had the gift of 
she took firsts in both parts of grousing interest in non-sperial- 
the Classical Tripos. She tanght ists and well as spedalists; and 
fora snort time at Cheltenham with the lighter sides of her 
Ladies' CoD^e and^was thm stfbiect could charm her a mfe . 
appointed to a c l assica l tutor- encesvfofie she instructed them, 
ship at St Hugh’s College, as with a notable /ea d'esprii on 
Oxford, whidi .she held from ancient hair styles. 

to l ^4. To her, Qastical studies were 

She went from there to a ^ jjeart of the matter (she felt 

th* I Tm VMVltV AT . - ■ _ - I* • • 

Mr B. M. McCorkeil Mr WR.Todd 

and Dr L.M. Byrne and Mbs J. R. Berarton 

The; engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between Barey, youngest son of between William Robert, son of the 
Colonel and Mrs M^McCorkefl, kteMrR. E. Todd and of Mrs Todd 
of Ballyarnctt, Londonderry, and of Clevedon, Somerset, and Julia 

The engagement is annoimced Lucy, dauahtcr of Dr and Mre A. W. Rosemary, daughter of Professor 
bet w «n Mark Varney, Scots A ^Bvni^ of Milbome Port. Ray Beverton and Mrs Bevexton, of 

Langstone, Gwent 
MrS. W Vasey 
and Miss C. M. Kerr 

announced The engagement is announced 
son of the between Simon, younger son of Mr 

,J TU “ fc :“ uc £_ oco « A. Byrne, of Milbome Port, Kay Beverton an 
Guards, elder son of Mr Owen and on » Langstone, Gwer 

Lady Mary Vamcy. of Hill House. „ 

Dedham, Essex, and Katie, younger i 

daughter of Mr & Mrs Eric Beanfof “d Mbs C. M. Wright and MlssC.M.1 

Leckhamstead Thicket Newbury, The engagement is announced The en^gemei 
Berkshire. between Jack, younger son of the between Simon, 

* r a —, late Major A. A. N. Malan and Mrs and Mrs D. V 

j- R- Gibson, of Canterbury, Kent Ashling, West S 
and MbsC.Mollart and Christeen, eldest daughter of youngest daught 

The engagement is announced Mr and Mrs C. R. Wright of Great ian Kerr, of Wok 
between Andrew, eldest son of Mr Bentley, Essex. 

and Mrs P. G. Byrd, of Beckford, .. ^ , 

Worcestershire, and Oaire. younger JSwiliSWSlgMi Marriafi€S 

daughter of Mrs Gabnelle Mollart, Miss S. C. Delafons 

of Aldboume, Coombe Lane West ' rhe engagement is announced Mr W.M. Heath 
Kingston, Surrey. . , between Norman, sou of Mr and ^ Mbs M-R. 1 

... r - , Mrs G. F. Marshall, of St Neots. i,. 

Cambridgeshire, and Sue, daughter „ 

and Mbs S. Redfern m- Ziur tnhn rvtafn^ nf 19. me Basilica al 

between Jack, younger son of the oetween aimon, younger son ox Mr 
late Major A. A. N. Malan and Mrs and Mrs D. W. Vasey. of East 
J. R. Gibson, of Canterbury, Kent Ashling, West Sussex, and Cathy, 
and Christeen, eldest daughter of youngest daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Mr and Mrs C. R. Wright of Great fan Kerr, of Wokingham, Berkshire. 


The engagement is . announced F-iiing 
between Christopher, son of Mr W. _ . ... 
Coleman and the late Mrs L. ..v;.r „ 

Coleman, of Worcester, and Sarah, ^ p - A- Wiseman 

between Norman, son of Mr and and Mbs M-R. H. Giedroyc 

G. F. Marshall of St Neots. ^ marria _ c ^ place yestorfay 

in thTSritai of St P ftrter!vSraa 
of Mr and Mrs John Delafons, of wmtatn itMit. 

City. Rome, of Mr William Heath, 
younger son of Sir Marie and Lady 
Heath, of A101 Trcgunter, 14 

Cbleman. of Woiwstw, and Starah! DrP. A. Wiseman 

eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs M. The engagement is announced J** 

Redfern, ofEaling, London. between Richard, son of Mr and Gisdroyc, of Oxfora. Mgr L. Tulaba 

.... Mrs A. R G. Murley, of Cambridge, omoaxed. 

and Penelope, daufoter of Mr and The who was given m 

^t?* C A n, S sta,llk and Penelope, dau^ 

and Mbs A. Peters Dr D. R WisematT 

The engagement is announced House. London EC1. 
between John, son of Professor ... . _ _ . 
Durwand Cruickshank. of Alderiey 
Edge, Cheshire, and of the late Mrs 804 Mos c - ^ Howe 

and Penelope, daughter 01 Mr and “ 

Dr D. R Wiseman, of The Charter mamage by her father, was attended 

by her sister. Miss Melanie . 
Giedroyc. Mr Nicholas Heath, reFie 
brother of the bridegroom, was best arts- 
man. u 

Marjorie Cruickshank. and Ann, The engagement is announced Mr G. E. Andrews 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Colin between Andrew, second son of the ^ « j- 

Pelm. of Femdown. Dorset. laic Graham Parker and Mrs Parker, ■«* M. t- Alker 

Peters, of Femdown, Dorset. laic Graham Parker a 

Mr P. G. Denby of Newcasileupon^T 

and Mbs J.K. Elliot Snncfe of Chaikw^Essct Haccombe, Devon, between Mr of pomposity, “self-iinpor 

The engagement is announced » Tpn r u Graham Enc Andrews, only swi of homoorlessne^s. and boi 

between Patrick, son of Mr and Mrs t 7 ^_- “*» Gladys Andrews, of Kent in to which it » sin kin a”. 

Guy Denby, of KidUngion, Oxford. Mbs A. M Barber-Fleming Cottage. Combe Martin, Devon, 

and Jane, twin daughter of Colonel The engagement is announced and Mrs Margaret Eileen Aiker. of other apoointmcnis include 

and Mrs Richard Elliot, or between David, son of Darnel Grace Dieu, Combeinteignhead. u . 

Shnewtoo, Wiltshire. Paterson and of the late Molly Devon, younger daughter of Mrs Caplin Prter Hunt h« 

of Newcastle upon Tyne, and Clare, The . J??* . on 

only daughter of Mr and Mrs December 21. 1985, atSt Blanc. 
Kenneth Rowe, of Chalkwell, Essex. Hawombe._ Devon, between Mr 

and Mrs Richaid EUiot, or between David, 
Shnewtoo, Wiltshire. Paterson and of 

iuVv T iur ‘ Paterson. Gartncs 

j .i.m gow. and Ann M 

and Miss A. M. AckrUJ Margie Barber-Fle 

The engagement b announced late Tony Barber 
between John, only son of Mr and Ramolh. Blairdnir 
Mrs E. T. Dyke, of Oxford. ;and M A j p^. 
Manon, daughter or Professor and l- 

Mis J. L. AckriU, ofOxfont “ nd M * ,s C Dods 

Mr T. A. Edwards 
and Mbs N. J. Reid 

The engagement is announced J™* . Catherine, daughter o 
between Tracy Andrew, elder son of Marione Scott, of Darlington. 
Mr and Mrs G. Edwards, of OjaL' Dr S. G. Potts 
California, and Nicola Janet, and Miss A. L. Meredith 

^ ^ The engagement is anne 
of Ashford, Middlesex. tv-iween s^ihen elder son 

Paterson, Gartncss. Bal&on, Glas- Georgina Suckling of Old School technical ^and training fbghlaw at 
gow. and Ann Marie, daughter of House. Hasfield. Gloucestershire: Britis h Ai rways.^ to be bead of 
Margie Barber-Fleming 'and of the The Rev S. F. Bounds, of Hasfidd. at Bn^ ^rwa^.n 

late Tony Barber-Reining. Wester Gloucestershire, officiated, assisted succession to Captain Jack Jessop, 

- * ■ - . - _ who will -remain a non-execuuvc 

board member and take over the 
chairmanship of the British 
Airways Board Air Safety Review 
Committee. . . 

Mrs L Gilbert and Mi A. B. Day to 

and Catherine, daughter of Mrs The. marriage took place on rf _■ 

Marjorie Scott, of Darlington. Decemb^Tin Norfolk bemecn 

Dr S.G. Potto . Ned Cranstow and Mis Susan Rraring AidCml^Aa 1968. Mre 

and Miss A. L- Meredith Beihway. M. B. La Touche has been 


A reception was held al Nether- 
ton House. 

The engagement is announced, 
between Adam, younger son of Dr Mr N- Cranstow 
: and Mrs Brian Pigott, of London, and Mis S. Bethway 
and Catherine, daughter of Mrs The. marriage to 

Mr P. C. Dodge and Mrs T. .Pons, 

and Mbs M. Richards and Anna, younger 

The engagement is announced - ^ 

between Peter, son. of Mr and Mrs WlflCt,ester - 
Clive Dodge, of 'Dulwich, and.. MrJ.P. Raw«s 
Marianne, daughter of Professor and Miss E. Telford 
Peter Richards, of London, and Mrs -n,- 

™S. s '££. Rich * nis - of Pulb ^ 

rough, Sussex. Mrs Frauds Rawe 

Mr A. D. E. Gardner Campden.. Gloucestershire, and 

and Mbs F. £. J. Newbold Elizabeth, daughter of Mr and Mrs 

and Miss A. U Meredith Beihway. 

The ecpgcment is annoimced Captain K. A. Crooks 
between Stephen, elder son or Mr and Mbs V. Wilkinson 
and Mrs T. .Potts, of Winchester, __ _ . ■ - , 

and Anna, younger daughter of Mr. 9 a 

and Mis R M. ^eredSh, also of C 5 rtai 2 

Winchester T K. A. Crooks, son of Colonel and 

Mrs K. E. Crooks, oflroperialakes. 
Mr J. P. Rawes Florida, United States, and' Miss 

and Miss E. Telford Vivieoe Wilkinson, daughter of Mrs 

The engagement is announced Wilkinson, of Holytown, 

between Jonathan, son of Mr and Scotland. . 

Mrs Francis Rawes. of Chipping M Pnm _ 

ramrvton -x«A MrN.M.Pa7He 

and Mrs Ferranti 

.George Telford, of Pangbounw, The marriage took place on Friday, 
engagement is . .announced ^ rVr«nhprT7 at St <Tm«nniW« 

between Adrian David Edmund, 
third son of Mr and Mrs F. P. E. 
Gardner. ofEton College. Berkshire, 
and Felicity Esther Jane, only 
daughter of Mr and Mis C. J. 
Newbold, of Highgatc, London. 

Herr C F. W. Gromann 
and Miss M. J. L Camming 
The engagement is announced and 
the marriage will take place in 
Vienna in February. 1986, of 
Christian, elder son of Herr and 
Frau Fritz Gromann, of Vienna, 


December 27, at St Christopher’s 
church, Pott Shrigley, Cheshire, 
between Mr Nicholas Payne and 
Mrs Mona de Ferranti 

between Mr Nicl 

and Mm RF. Gibson Mrs Mona de Fiat 

The engagement is announced 
between Malcolm, son of the late MrC.N.Wookey 
Mr R. Saunders and Mrs M. J. and Mm J.P. Gilbert 

youngest daughter of the late Mr J. on Saturday. December 28, between 
Gibson and Mrs G. Gibson, of Mr Charles Nigel Wookey and Miss 
Nambucca Heads, New South Julie Patricia Gilbert. A service of 

Vienna in February. 1986, of Wales, Australia. prayer and dedication was held 

Christian, elder son of Herr and Mr P- L. Shirtcliff afterwards at Rushafl church. 

Frau Fritz Gromann, of Vienna, and Mbs E. M- Riddick — 

The engagement is announced TJlliversitV IieWS 
S i„S^ rwn between Philip, son of the late Mr UHIYCrMiy 
Lang ^“ Green ’ and Mrs J. S. ShirtclifL of St Helens, London 
i u nonage wens. Lancashire, and Elspeth. daughter of Royal Veterinary College 

MrP.D.Haege Mr and Mrs J. J. Riddick, of Grams 

and Miss P. A- V. Forbes Shipton-undcr-Wychwood, Oxford- 

The engagement is announced and shire- M* *4 °r ■ (W ma « 

and Mrs J. S. Shirtcliff of St Helens. London 

Lancashire, and Elspeth. daughter of Royal Veterinary College 

Mr and Mrs J. J, Riddick, of Grams 

Shipton-undcr-Wydiwood, Oxford- §££&. PH 

The engagement is announced and shire. !" » "S** 0 * 4 

the marriage wiU take place in MrF.A.Syke* xSot^^^ 

Sydney, Australia, on February 1. and Miss T. E. Dance 

1986, between Paul D^ eldest son of The engagement is announced (gaina infection wn chuyaTnuS 
Mr and Mrs Paul Haege. or Sydney, between Roger, elder son of Dr and SSiSbs mm me Mmioi 
and Pbilippa A. V M only daughter of Mrs D. A. Sykes, of Oxford, and E 

Mrs Pamela A. V. Forbes, of Teresa, elder daughter of Mr and w 

Montgomery House, Long Melford, Mrs A. E. Dance, of Beckley, 

Suffolk. Oxfordshire. RmaraUneevinerMpiratoiyinfeeiico*. 

n3 Mr aia«wip»fHnttyMftaHBt 

,^aKS5-- sSSsSSSS 

£££ m l 9 £ ji .» learn LatroSTbut all scftolar- 

Dnwtor of Studies inCJassiCT tras somefoing for-tinqaes- 
at Newnham and Lecturer m tioniiig. devotion. She 
Oasacs in the Umvei-sriy; ^i ve generously in time and 
winch post she h^d until her ^uhlc fo colleagues and 
^pomtment to the Laurence 5^^^ who sought advice and 
Chatrof Archaeology. . _ encouragement; and while 5 a 

In her chosen fieW of Roman fitfle' impatient of the interrupt- 
art history and archaeology .she ^ calls - of adnfoSta^. 
wasou^dingonavoy jwde answered, them wifoomS 
rai^e of material r-^ scnlmure^ -when sh& saw that ha 

wan painting, corns, Chns- hefo-was needed, 
tiarnty, Roman Britain. And the .■ . . . .. 

titles of her many books..- Her wisdom and - sure mstinct 
Hidicate- the latitude of her to put nrsf things fipst were of 
concerns.. ■ ' foe ntinost Mdue both fo 

. Her fiist woA was The Newnham and, m foe^fearned 
Hadrianic School: a Chapter in . oodiM with ' wndi she was 
the History of Greek Art (1934) assocrate^ she .was . always a 
and she foUowed it with Roman * Pteodid fighter ra good causes, 
Medallions (1944b Some Notes 2 ?h m addedptmdt ihal came 

oh Artists in the Roman World from , being absokiteiy withont 
<195 1); The Shrine of St Peter rancour, ,.. . ■ ■ 

and the Vatican Excavation She was a Fcflow of the 
(with John Ward . : Perkins, Society of Antiquaries - which 

Anberon Waugh, the journalist, 
television personality and for- 
mer novelist, who has been 
appointed editor of The Liter- 
ary Review, the six-year-old 
monthly journal devoted to 
reviews of literature and the 

His appointment, in suc- 
cession to Emma Soames, is a 
timely one for English tetters. 
In tbte week's Spectator he 
writes of “the ghastly quagmire 
of pomposity, self-importance, 
humonrlessnefs. and boredom 
into which it is sinking”. 

Captain Peter Hunt 

and the Vatican Excavation ; She was a Fcflow of the 
(with John Ward Perkins, Society of Antiquaries - which 
1956); The Flavian Reliefs from awarded. her the W.- H. Friend 
the Palazzo della Canceueria in Medal for services to fSrisriBTi 
Rome (1 957); Art in Roman . Archaeology, - in .1984^ and a 
Britain (19.62); Art in Britain FdQow of foq British Academy. 


Lord Derwent, CBE,' who many years befbrfc befog placed 
died' on January 2 at die age of ; upon the Reserve of Qmcefo, 
84, had been Deputy Speaker of with the rank of major. . 
the House of Lords since 1970 . His interest in archftectnre 
and had earlier in the 1960s was inherent, but it "Was also 
been Minister of State, Board of undoubtedly stimulated by the 
Trade and Minister of State, keenness of h& rider brofoer. 
Home Office. -. thb-third peer, vfoo was one of 

He was a' considerable fond- ^ the founders in 1937 of the 
owner/in the North, and^was- Geo^anGroupu 
devoted rto^his 'own county pf i At Haricpcs^ Hall he bad. a 

ti*.4 Yorkshire, where his family had valuable collection of. pictures 

I ’ c.. j*'—,' ..a. l- 

appointed to represent the interests 
of the hearing-impaired. 

Science report 

Nile perch cause ecological disaster 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

expcrimcnferpTOjecl that went tn control the human kBkr disease. Nations Food and Agriadtare 
ically Wrtng has brought an schistosomiasis (bObarafaX by Orgaoiration (FAO). 

been settled for generations, and, objets d r ari in which he 
espcially Hackness^foe Derwent' topk.great interest and pride, 
seat arid estates hear’ Scar- ' His love of France was part 
borough. But his interests were of his nature, and he was for 
wide and cultivated: he t^as a some ‘years dosely connected 
considerable wit, with a keen with the Franco-British Society 
sense of humour. Jn politics be of which his friend. Lord 
retailed agood deal of the Whig Harvey,, a former Ambassador, 
temperament . was chatnhan, and he Jii rosrif 

Patridc . Robin Gilbert honorary treasurer. IBs wife 
Vandeu-Bempdo-Jo hns t one , the was French , and he himsdf 
fourth Baron Derwent, was spoke French faultlessly, 
bom on October 26, 1901, the -. Not long after succeeding and 
younger son of the Hon Edward taking his seal in the' House of 
V an de n- Bern pde^ Johnstone, Lords, he . was appointed a 
second son of the first Baron, JnniorOpporition Whip, 
and of foe Hon Evelyn Mary. . He succeeded his . brother 
AgarrEUis, a daughter of the- in 1949. He had married in 

CAk Virgin., r r ' 

fifth Viscoupt Oifilen. 

1929, Marie-Looise, who died 

Ancxpcrimtsiialpiuiecl that went 
tragically wrpog has brought an 
ecolopcal disaster to the shores of 
Lake Victoria in East Africa, 
according to fisheries experts. 

The Introduction of the NBe 
porch (Latex nUoTicns) into the 
lake, the biggest hi East Africa, in 
-I960, has led to a drastic drop in 
Bombers and spedes of other fish 
that lire there,- and has produced a 
series of other problems. 

The Nile perch is called 
“elephant of the water** in some 
parts of Africa, add can grow to be 
bigger and heavier than mu. This 
monstrous predator, weighing np 
to 100kg or more, has been wiping 
out most of the lake's 300 other 
specks daring the past 25 years, 
reducing them to fractions of their 
original population. 

A ttain of scientists Grom Leiden 
University in The Nefaeriands 
says in a report based on a 10-year 
study that losses include many 
important fish species of high 
market valpe as staple and 
spcdtCtyfonh. ■; 

Dozens of tare species, mocb 
prized as ornamental aquarium 
fish, and at least one kind that helps 

to control the human kilter disease, 
schistosomiasis (bOharafaX by 
preying 00 the water snaQ that 
carries it, hare also fallen victim 
to foe predator. 

The economy of hundreds of 

ffehtwg rn 

Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, 
which border' Lake Victoria, is ' 
disintegrating because catches are 
being monopolized and markets 
flooded by u increasing surplus off 
the Nile perch. 

■ The problems have come ashore 
in other farms. The hnge fish 
cannot be processed by smdrying, 
because they are too oily. They 
most be smoked instead, and 
fishermen are cutting down 
valuable trees to provide foeL 

The fish require heavier, 
stronger and more expensive nets, 
which means poorer fishermen are 
forced out of basin ess by wealthier 

The Nile perch was introduced 
into tiie lake as a potential new 
high-yfeldzug source of protein for 
the region. Some scientists voiced 
s e rioa s donbts-abont the wisdom of 
the project, which was sapportod 
by, among others, tha United 

In spite of the con s e q uences, 
there are plans to repeat the 
experiment soon in Lake'MaSawt 
and other large lakes in the region. 
The Inte rnati o n al Union for' 
Conservation of Natnxe and 
Natural Resources (IUGN) based 
in S witz er land, is writing to the 
governments and agencies Involved 
warning then that they are likely 
to harvest more problems than 

The IUCN b also sappoiUuga 
plan to transfer specimens of some 
of the fish threatened by the Nile 
perch In Lake Victoria to huge 

The report from • Leiden 
University calls on the FAO to 
“concentrate on rational exploita- 
tion of foe indigenous fish stocks, 
efficient di s tribu ti on of catches 
and the re dac tion af-anmeessary 
losses during preservation -and 
storage” rather than repeat a 
mistake of monstrous dimensions. 

Source: IUCN Press Service, 
Gland, Switzerland. 

He was educated at Charter- in 1985, daughter of Albert 
boose, and at foe Royal Military . Picard and they had' one ton. 
College, Sandhurst, from which Mr Robin Vanden-Bentpdd- 
he was oommioioned iff the. Johnston*. MVO, who now 
Krngfs Royal Rifle Coi^s. With ‘becomes foe fifth peer and 
that regiment he remained for seventh baronet. 


The Right Hon Roy Jenkins, hiin. He was a big mad who was. 
MP, vmies^ - x- - more interested in big issues 
Sir James Mackay, KBE, CB, than fo small ones: Some 
who died on Deceember 24 at thought that this gave him a 
foe age of 78, was a 'powerful somewhat *by and large’ ap- 
and unusual civil servant, one proaeft. I thought it gave him a 
of the last of foe group of dons' ootrfideftt sense of proportion, 
who were brought, into 'White- In 19’66, when foe press gave 

hall by foe war and preferred the impression that mod 
foe public service-fo academic prisoners were disappearing 

life when it was oyer. •- over the - walfa, I got" him to 

He was boro in. Morayshire^ rejoin, me at the Home .Office, 
foe son of a railwayinan. and qualities were just right for 
made his way through Forres tfae senior civil servant dealing 
and Hamilton Academies to urifo .prisons at' that/ time. He 
Glasgow University and on to fetnained there until he re: 
Balliol, where he read Honour “fortted to Scptlandin 1967- . 
Mods and Greats, then went He lived beside' Loch NesS 
back 10 Glasgow for six years as ^ eighteen' years. His semi- 
a lecturer in Humanity. retirement was active: He was a 

He left to join the Admiralty ^ t ^ bcr *”4 for a . time dqmty 
fo 1940. By 1945 he was an Chaxrman of the Highlands and 
Assistant Secretary, by 1961 a Is “ nds , Development . Board 

Deputy Secretary. 

■ and alto a member ' of the 

Law Report January 4 1986 

He was then much involved ■ Tonnst^ Board. He 

in the restructuring of the three ISTS* A” 1 ?®? Corn- 

Service Departments into the os Broadcasting m 1974- 

Mfoistry of Deforce and served .u- .; 

briefly fo the new unified .KaflteM? 

He married Kafoerute 
Hamilton, who died in 198% 

Nursing eare payment from trust not income 

Stevenson (Inspector of Taxes) 
v \ Vis hart and Others' 

Before Mr Justice Knox 
[Judgment delivered December 16] 

The trustees were .assessed to nome where she was looked after in 
income tax at the additional rate in extreme okl age. 
respect of those payments. The There were certain established 

The appeal failed. The line to be 
drawn was bet w een transactions 
which era zed an entitlement to 

commissioner held that the sums so propositions in the context of ineomem the-reripient’s hands and A *. . 

appointed were received as capital payments to • or for beneficiaries those which dkf noL To attach an r05ter T Anarfl 

Police powers of entry 
covered all purposes 

Pavmcnis totallinefi 14^50 from a PP° ,u “*‘ vwvowMiwa inosc wmcii oki ool 10 anacn an 

. 1 .. _;. i f Hi^—rinrwrv anti not as income and he Tediiced paid out of trust capitaL That they income label uy* payme n ts in ly r-. , » n r i * w.ivint j 

foSd SSL to m^farSsTS fa? assessments lo niL were made out of capital wns not satisSuM of rS^TlSSftiS 

mireuia* 3 «Lrc° ?«?•£, Section 17 of the Finance Act conclusive that, they were not incurred in the process of maintain ^^uce Nolan 

ScW^naTtototiratedaS »973 enacts that trustees be table to j^mereceroB in tire hands of fee ing life seemed . to confute the IJudgmcnl delivered December 20] 

J <w^r additional rate mcome tax imposed tWpienL The discrctionaiy aug- functiooa] purooses of the oavrarats 

income of ttat beneficiary and so 
were not chargeable to additional 
rate income tax. !S£r7„ 

Mr Justice Knox so hdd in the 
Chancery Division in dismissing an 
appeal by the Crown from the 
decision of a single special 

commissioner in favour of the -“Lr 
trustees of the Joseph Levy 1961 , 
Discretionary Settlement that the 
payments did not fall to be assessed wo - 

income tax imposed recipient. The discretionary aug- functional purposes of the payments 
*1) of that Act in men union by trustees of income of vdtb the right in respect of which 

by section 16(1) of that Act in men union by trustees of income of with tin 
respect of any payments made by F 1 inco me be neficiary was an they m 
them in exercise of their discretion income purpose. The 

to a person where such payments Next, it waster that if payments exercise 

arc “income of the person” lo whom were otherwise of an income nature ‘ment 
they are paid. tire fact they were not paid to the Hen woe 

they were made. - 
The. payments were made in 
exercise of the power of appoint- 
ment over capital: ttw Mrs 
Henwocd was also an object of the 

Police officers who entered art 
unlicensed night cafe at nbdit time 
for the sole purpose of detecting 
offences u n d er life Misuse of Drugs 
Act 1971 were there lawfully 
because of their powers of entry 

prosecutor, Mr Ian Stern for the 

that the police had powers of entry 
under the 1968 Act and the 1945 
Act. Once a police officer was 
lawfully on the premises, no matter 
wtat power placed him' in - that 
position, he was lawfully there for 
afi purposes. 

they arc paid. tire fact they were not paid to toe Hm wood was also an object of the Decausc 01 «wir powers of entry 

Mr Christopher McCall for the beneficiary but applied for his discrctionarv trust over income was un 4er the Greater London Giuncu 

Crown: Mr David Mflne for the benefit would not make them any irrelevant. Unless the combined Ji™ 11 *! p cwen) An 1968 and the 

trustees. the less hu income for tax purposes, effect Of tha trustees' power and the Gaming Act 1945, ratwithsundiog 

Lastly, if the interest which was manner in which it was exercised lhai «wy. had been effected 
MR JUSTICE KNOX, in * given to the benefic i ary was an produced an entitlement to income "^tiioui a warrant issued under 

paymroa mo not ail to be assessed ^ JUSTICE KNOX, in a given to the be 
on them under tnc provisions of reserved judgment, said that in annuity then tha 
secnon 1 7 of the Finance Act 1973. determining whether the payments interest reganilcs 
In 1977 Mrs Hen wood, a fell within section 17, two questions payments were n 
beneficiary of the - settlement, arose for decision: (1) whether they income or capitaL 
suffered a heart attack and in 1978 were properly to be regarded as The novel feat 
until her death in 1981 was cared for receipts of an income nature in the very general tens 
in a nursing home. The trustees hands of Mrs Henwood, and if so special power 
resolved under a series of deeds of 12), whether they were to be treated coupled with tin 
appointment at different dales to as having been made 10 her settlement of any 
meet the £114.250 costs of notwithstanding that they were could fink the jx 
maintaining Mss Henwood at the applied for her benefit in the any income it 
home a oi of the trust capital. payment of the fees of the nursing Henwood. 

annuity then that was an income in Mrs Henwtxxf stands then what section 23(3) of ike 1971 Act 

ssmis svssssssse; bo,l, cSjtsaasi.«sa& 

The novel feature here was the 

It was thus Unnecessary to d*ra l 

very general terms of the trustees' there was a clear dictum favourable 
special power of appointment to the Down by Mr Justice Vineloit 
coupled with the absence in the in BerriU v Inland' Revenue 

with the second question 1 on whifo a^tinst fee dfambsal bv MrCfevid 
there was a clear dictum favnnrahlr uul:. /—l- . 

way of case stated by the prosecutor jngly, is searching the defendant, 
against the dismissal by Mr David they were in' the execution of their 

Solicitors: -Solicitor of Inland 
Revenue; Tiu&uss, Sainsr & Webb. 

execution ofhis 
Mr Victor 

' Solicitors: SofialM, Metropolitan 

Victor Temple for foe Police; J._P. Malnick &Cq. _ . : . 

I Chinese language papers in - w ^° Decembtf 24 

Hong Kong Sad the Far. East ^ Was formerly 

generally. Director of Accounts and Aiidit,. ; 

Shum was a; strong supporter " Cnistr y ofLabbur. .. . . : 
severaf 13 rife. 

iSftBtSSSSjS: lsl^ n * r : 
■sss&g? iTObc ; 

• Her husband d»d n -19^« - v 

' Res.; 

•ci- — 


Department before moving to . w *i° died in 198% 

the Ministry of Aviation as the SS?- W. ^ sons: Both in 
Deputy Secretary in . cfaarge. of WuleheU and .fo Scotland 
mHitary procnreraent in 1964 '• wa *® public servant: of flair and 

That was whaa I -fim met SSSin and a m<?St 


Mr Sham Wai-yau,.CK.4Jne , 

of Hong Kong’s oldest and most » rte^fbrraanvyews played 
rtspected newsjapennen, died 

on December 19, 1985 at the .™“ l ,« 1 ws Union, and m 
age of 89. ■ - . September .fast jyear gavp 

He was respomable for to its training fond. 

SYf**.*** -^ y fotiOYations ^ Lady WaBk widow of Sir 
mto the printing industry of Barnes Wallis, QBE. FRfL the 

fre distinguished aeronaatiSJ en- 
fiwndcd Wah Ktu Yat Fo, a gmeer, died ontoumyT. She 
paper which continued tn was Mnru.Kn>hw^. 

aD purposes. _ ^“*7 Y^s ago be distinguished acrtmasitifoi en- 

Wha^ on in his mind was paper which January L S* 

irrefevahL The only relevant ^ . «> was Nfery Frahees, daugjiterbf 

«“^™on was wfaofofcr some ? ^ 9- BlOxam, and she wav 
Actof Rtriizmcnt had given him the 8 iPOnument to foe efforts «nd teamed in 1925 BarriesWaIlis : - 
onfautted ri^i at any. tine to enter .of Shuxn. Wah Eat- Ydf died in 1 97§ '■-# 

upon those premises. Po has been for half a century ^ . 

Here thetwo Ac» oT Parliament the most admired 

gave the police officers the right to Chinese language papers in - wt> ° Dectenbeff24 

be upon the premises and accord- Hong Kong -and the Far. East SL®* ^ 'hs& formerly 

w Jmim. rran JSIU Yat ffled in 1979 * * 

Po has been for half a century w ™ I i ; u . 

among foe most . admired m 

Chinese fanmase nariera . who died on Decembcf 24 

$ *:■ ■ 








U)rd Hanson’s offer document for, 
Imperial. Group demonstrates' that his 
bruising experiences .in ''the “American 
courts have not gone fo waste: The tone of 
his document 'would do justice to the most 
biting of New York lawyers. Its immediate' 
effect was to send ImperiaTs advisers, 

■ Ham bras, rushing to the Takeover Panel 
crying “foul”. V 

Although Imperial’s <*Jii»Vman ) Geoffrey 
Kent, expected Hanson to pullno punches 
in its £1,8 billion attempt to break up the 
cosy merger between Imps and United 
Biscuits, he feels this attackris well below 
the belt. Mr Kent cannot argue whh .Liord . 
Hanson's boating over thefacttjiat £1 ,000 
invested in Hanson Trust at the beginning 
of 1980 would now be worth! more than 
three -.times much 'as:' 'a similar 
investment in Imperial. That is indisput- 
able. Neither can he. really. defend himsrff 
against Hanson Trust’s. allegations that 
United Biscuits' ^shareholders gam more 
from the proposed merger . than do 
Imperial’s. The figures bear thatout, 

But Mr Kent is understandably agrieved ' 
by Hanson’s loudly trumpeted.’ statement 
that four unsuccessful attempts at diversi- 
fication by Imperial have cost the 
company well over £1 billion. “A . 
mismanagement of shareholders’ funds of 
staggering proportions”, declares Hanson. 
And so it would be were it true, but a- 
closer examination of the 11 document 
betrays a careful use of the quotation, 
marks. Hanson is not talking -about losses, - 
but about “losses” and perhaps Mr Kent is 
right to feel that this might; be somewhat 
misleading. . 

Imperial's . mistakes were - for from 
secret. The four that Hanson^ chooses to 
highlight are Howard Johnson; the recent - 
extrication from which loss-making Ame- 
rican hotel business left Imperial $300 
million down, and vulnerable to just such 
an attack as that launched by Hanson. 
Then there was Imperial’s decision to sell . 
its holding in . Bunzl in 1978 for £3.6 
million. It would be worth £36 milli on 
today calculates Hanson, making that loss 
to Imperial of £32 million. There was the 
1978 purchase of food business JB 
Eastwood, sold just four years Jater at a 
loss of £63 milli on to Hillsdown. : 

But this does hot add up to anything 
like £1,000 million. The balance comes 
from Imperial's decision to get out. of its 
holding in BAT Industries. Between I97S 
and 1980 Imps sold its BAT shares for 
£239 million. “Today that holding would - . 
be worth £1,100 minion and- Imps’ share 
of BAT. Industries’ profit would be £337 : 
million,” claims Hanson. . 

Imps could undoubtedly have^ hone , 
better in the past but notional losses are a ' 
dangerously fluid concept- to try and 
quantify. “Since I took over as chairman 
in 1981 Imperial Groups has shown a 
nearly 30 per cent a year growth in profits 
from its existing businesses and the. shares 
have more than trebled in value ” protests 
Mr Kent, an 'aigument which is probably 
more acceptable to investigation than -. 
Lord Hanson’s. 

Lord Hanson’s criticism of the pro- 
posed merger with United Biscuits - he 
cannot resist referring to it s.- a reverse 
takeover, a widely-accepted statement 
which is guaranteed to inflame Mr Kent - . 
have more foundation. UB shareholders 
do come out with' a greater share of the 

: assets than they pot in, and scope for 
renegotiation' of the terms seems scarce.; 
■New Hanson terms, must be only a matter 
of time, though, and a price of closer to 
300p, against the value of the current offer 
of just 24Qp, is likely. Imperial shares, at 
258p, certainly expect something better. 

. . The- mtyor uncertainty, and the one 
which is most exercising the Hanson 
camp, concerns the possibility of a 
Monopolies .Commission reference. There 
■are strong competition grounds for 
referring the UB-unperial deal but none 
for referring Hanson/LmperiaJL Would the 
Government refer the first and leave the 
way dear for the second? Hanson fears 
that it might fed that equity demands that 
both- deals be treated similarly. 

How can a non-interventionist Govern- 
ment resolve such a quandary? 

Maxwell’s double and 
Lazard’s treble . 

Guinness Peat’s failure to attract more 
than a meagre 1.9 per cent acceptance 
from other fhan “in house” . holders of 
Britannia Arrow shares is a total defeat for 
Alastair Morton and the Guinness Peat 
board which he dominates. The result, for 
reasons set out here yesterday when 
advising shareholders to reject the bid, is 
right And it owes much to the ubiquitous, 
many-sided Mirror press baron, Robert 
MaxwelL He does- not always get it right 
but he i&, by nature, a winner. 

" Britannia Arrow is now in a state of 
unstable, but expectant, equilibrium. 
Shareholders should wait to see how the 
new situation, in which Mr Maxwell and 
David Stevens, of MEM, United News- 
papers and now Britannia, loom large, is 
resolved. - 

Guinness Peat’s lack of impact further 
strains Mr Morton’s credibility and makes 
Guinness Peat’s next move critical but not 
simple^ It can continue to chum old 
ground but that would win it few new 
supporters. Its bid to become a sizable 
investment management group has foun- 
dered and Guinness 'Mahon, the com- 
pany’s merchant bank, can only hope to 
operate on the fringe of the City’s 

The other chief mourner yesterday was 
Morgan Grenfell, which acted for Guin- 
ness Peat in the Britannia bid. Through 
professional skill and boldness bordering 
on recklessness Morgan Isst year went to 
the top of the mergers and acquisitions 
gladiators’ league. In corporate financ e 
nothing succeeds like success; but excess 
of zeal, can have unwanted consequences. 
Morgan’s tigers, whom Christopher 
Reeves, Morgan’s senior keeper has 
wistfully admitted, may have got out of 
control are Ikking their wounds. 

Lazard and Schrodes in particular, 
hazar d, with Neil Mackay leading in the 
rout of Guinness Peat, must now believe it 
can mesmerize Morgan. Three times 
Morgan clients have begun a fight with 28 
per cent of the target company’s shares: 
three times Lazard has defended success- 
fully; Sotheby’s (against Mr Cogan and Mr 
Swid); . Eagle Star (Allianz) and now 
Britannia Arrow. A hat-trick to set 
alongside Mr Maxwells’ -double: Britannia 
and a cut of 2,100 in Muror Group 
Newspapers* 7,000 pay-roll. 

The bunker mentality was. weQ to the fore 
yesterday as the Treasury reported an 
.underlying fell in the leveI_of reserves, of 
$401 milli on, the sharpest drop since 
December 1982, and double the rate of 
decline - reported in November. All 
officials were prepared to say - and . what 
they could actually bring themsdyes to 
mutter sounded tenuous - was that foe fell 
represented a variety of transactions, 
debits and credits. The fell should riot 
necessarily be treated as ^indicative of 
intervention, in the fbreiign rr exchange 

Well, they would say that, wouldn't 
they, snapped the traders, recalling that in 
days of yore, the Chancellor had been a 
dedicated opponent of exchange rate 
intervention. So fer as. the market is 
concerned, sterling appears to have come 
under considerable selling pressure during 
December, when, fears of an oil price war, 
caused by the Organization ofPetfolemn 
Exporting Countries, were at their height, 
and the Bank of England; responded,, 
judging by the reserves -figures, by wading 
into the market p : . 

The situation is not immediately critical - 
but there is evidence of serious, deterio-. 

; Baldrige still 

confident " ■ — - — — — .. 

-• J of 4% growth -■ ^*“^ 1 - - 

. Mr Malcolm BaHrige, the US ^ AH Share __-JLb90.«) +41® 

\L . Commerce Secretary, yesterday fTGovt Securities — 82^1 -058) 

, u-i '. expressed confidence that a pT-SE 100 — 1,429.6 (+9-3) 

_ r ' -- .v felling dollar and dedihing Bargains — ...... — — ..—19,440 

interest rates plus contimieid DatastreamOSM -^.106-65 (+0^5) 

= j :^ gsas aaf- 

' Confirming that he privately an i n9fl,3 (+a.5) 

- . "" agreed with the forecast, despite 

• J predictions by .- independent Commerzbank — .2,025.9 (+885) 

r. . ..... economists that growth would BrassafK 

jivJ ”, be slower than 4 per cent, he General — 800^6 (-43.72 

' ’ J . - ; && said: “We’re going to see, as the Paris: CAC — Z77.5{+5-7} 

• ’ .dollar drops more. Which - 1 Zurich: ■ • . , 

think it will, an increase in SKAGenerd .—-^--—^04.70 

jl.'.ro** exports beginning about the = — 

eff; middle of fbis year. That*sgoing GOLD 

> ?- * . m to add some employment. " . : — — ~ ■— — 

,Y, “We’re going to see, I think; a London fixing: ' .1 

- r .>v ur ' . further dedinein interest tales. am$ 326-Q0 pm $326,75* -- ,\ 

.^.That’s going to mean more jobs dose$327 .25-327,75 - s . '. .] 

and housing. We’re going to see (£227.50-228.00) . 

" '• -\ inflation stay In raa-zhly .the ffab-Yortc^ ' +nnn -nr \ 

same area' 01 is ‘now). - (tatosQ $327.75 . ; - . | 

iS - __ • - - • 

ration in the level of British official 
reserves. The stock of reserves was topped 
up in October by a $2¥ 2 bfllion floating 
rate note; yet adjusting for this invrement, 
the convertible currency component of the 
reserves may be no more than about $8 
billion, or rather less than one month’s 
dollar cost of imports. Normally foreign 
bankers begin to scream if a less 
developed country where this criterion 
applies, runs cover below three months. 

Analysts were also taken by the net 
position of Exchange Cover Scheme 
borrowings which effectively is a way for 
nationalized indotstries to meet their 
spending targets by overseas borrowing 
rather than through domestic money 
markets. Borrowings under the scheme 
rose sharply from $60 million to $159 
million. While repayments fell sharply. 

- This suggests that Britain's net bor- 
rowed position may have continued to 
worsen from the near. $3 billion figure 
reported in September. 

■ All in all, not a happy position for the 
authorities, who may face further pressure 
on sterling if oil - prices continue to 
weaken. In the dhort term, it means that 
interest rates are bound to stay high. 

Allies win battle to block 
Britannia Arrow takeover 

By William Kay, 

City Editor 

Britannia Arrow Holdings, 
the unit trust and fund manag- 
ment group, yesterday defeated 
the £280 million takeover bid 
by. Guinness Feat, the merchant 
banking and insurance group, 
and immediately celebrated by 
Inviting on to the board Mr 
David Stevens, the mer chan t 
hanker who with the publisher 
Mr Robert Maxwell, played a 
key part in Britannia’s victory. 

Mr Michael Newman, Britan- 
nia’s chief executive, said: M I 
am very pleased. The bid was 
unwanted and inadequate, and 
now we can look forward to the 
"future with confidence: Obvi- 
ously there will have to be 
further discussions with Mr 
Stevens and Mr Maxwell”. 

• Together the Stevens-Max- 
wril camp bought 26 per cent, 
compared with the 28 per cent 
that Guinness had bought from 
UK Provident Institution and 
through the market. Neither Mr 

Friends and foe: David Stevens (left) and Robert Maxwell vs 
Alastair Morton (right). 

Newman nor Mr Alastair cent were held by Morgan 
Morton, Guinness Pleat’s chief GrsnfcU, the merchant bank 
executive, -would comment on acting in concert with Guiness 
the possibility of a Guinness Peat, and another 7.8 per cent 
Peat representative joining the by companies whose boards 
Bri tannia hoard! include Guiness Peat directors. 

By the 3.30pm deadline The remaining acceptances total 
yesterday the £280 million bid 1.9 per cent, 
had been accepted by holders of Together with the 28 per cent 
only 11.5 per cent of Britannia’s already held, Guiness Peat 
shareholders. Of those: 1.8 per controlled only 39.6 per cent. 

Lonrho air Doubts over £400m 

firm ‘shut 
by new law’ 

By Patience Wheatcroffc 

Lohrho has shat its air-freight 
subsidiary Tiadewinds with 
effect from today. The company 
says it can no longer operate 
profitably and it puts much of 
the blame for its problems on 
the British Government. 

. Lonrho’s managing director, 
Mr Roland “Tiny" Rowland 
has a long-running dispute with 
the Government over the 
decision to disallow his bid fix' 
House of Zfxaser whilst not 
referring the bid from the 
Egyptian AJ-Fayed brothers to 
the Monopolies Commission. 

His argument over Trade- 
winds concerns government 
legislation which requires aero- 
planes to be made much 
quieter. This process, known as 
hush-kitting, costs $2.5 million 
per aircraft and, claims Trade- 
winds. puts his operators at a 
competitive disadvantage 
against companies which are 
not required to hush-kit. 

Sir Edward du Gann, chair- 
man of Lonrho and Trade- 
winds, detailed the predicament 
in Parliament last year 
“To dale nothing has been 
done to ameliorate the situ-, 
ation,” Tradewinds says. 

The company was established 
in 1968 and was ' bought by 
Lonrho In 1977. It operates 
three Boeing 707 freighters. 

The planes operate regular 
freight services to Nigeria, 
Sudan. Canada, USA Muscat 
and Dubai. These routes have 
become increasingly competi- 
tive recently, and Tradewnds 
says it is no longer possible to 
operate profitably. This is due, 
in part, it says, to over-capacity 
leading to rate-cutting. Another 
problem _ has been increased 
competition from Third World 
airlines which are not bound by 
such stringent safety require- 
ments as British companies. 

The need to hush-kit was the 
last straw which -forced Trade- 
winds into its decision to cease 
trading today. Lonrho says all 
debts will be honoured. 

The need to hush-kit came 
into operation on Wednesday. 
Overseas companies operating 
in Britian do not need to hush- 1 
kit until 1988. f 

Property firms 
call off 
£19m merger 

The agreed £19.7 million 
merger between Trafford Park 
Estates and Wingate Property 
Investments was called on 
yesterday. The board of Traf- 
ford Pane Estates decided that 
since the merger was agreed in 
October, exceptional factors 
had emerged which made it no 
longer in the best interests of 
shareholders. Wingate's board 
takes the same view. 

It is believed that differences 
over the future mamagement of 
Trafford Park Estates are 
behind the demise of the 
merger. Mr Stephan Wingate, 
managing director of Wingate, 
was widely believed to be the 
heir apparent to Mr Neil 
Westbrook, chairman of Traf- 
ford Park Estates who is likely 
to retire soon. 

Nigerian notes 

By Teresa Poole 

The Central Bank of Nigeria 
intends to complete the issue of 
billions of dollars of promissory 
notes to short-term trade credi- 
tors by the end of Jane. 

A bank spokesman said in 
Lagos yesterday that the recent 
budget proposals and the 
Nigerian government's decision 
to seek the . rescheduling of 
medinm and' long-term debt 
would not hold up the process. 
In London, companies and 
bankers were sceptical that the 
deadline would be met. 

Under an agreement in April, 

1984, Chase Manhattan Bank 

in TarJim hoc been to 

reconcile the claims of exporters 
with the records of importers for 
debts liable before the end of 
1983. So ter this has led to the 
issue of about $13 billion in 
promissory notes, compared 
with estimate of up to $7 billion 
for Nigeria's total short-term 
trade debts. 

The Central Bank of Nigeria 
is now saying that valid claim* 
wiD be sorted by toe end of 
March. About 200,000 claims 
were registered before the 
closing date, December 31, 

1985. According to bankers 
close to toe sitnation. toe 
timescale given by the Central 
Bank is “very optimistic”. 

The Export. Credits Guaran- 
tee Department has insured 

£400 million of short-term debts 
for British companies trading 
with Nigeria, and has so fa r 
paid out £250 million to 

It is estimated that another 
£400 milli on of British exports 
is not insured, so creditors most 
rely on the issue of promissory 

The Central Bank has been 
criticized over toe slow progress 
so far. It is believed that about 
80 per cent of processed claims 
have been rejected or queried, 
sometimes because of spelling 
mistakes. The first repayment 
on toe promissory notes, is due 
in October and all notes wQZ 
have to be issued by then. 

British companies have 
varying success in obtaining 
promissory notes. A spokesman 
for I Cl said toe company has 
around £10 million of uninsured 
trade debts with Nigeria and 
had so far received notes for 
about a fifth of that. 

Blue Circle is thought to be 
owed a considerable sum bat to 
date has received only one note 
worth just $6,000. 

One of the biggest trade 
creditors is Unilever, with 
outstanding debts of about £100 
mil li on, most of which is insured 
by toe ECGD' or covered by 
promissory notes. 

and accordingly has let its offer 
lapse. On the news Britannia 
shares fell 3p to I38p. Guiness 
Peat shares rose lp to 72p. 

Mr Morton immediatel y 
congratulated Mr Newman on 
his defence campaign 

However, Mr Morton added: 
“Neither would have prevailed 
if Mr New man had not 
produced arguments to per- 
suade Messrs Maxwell and 
Stevens to commit about £55 
million to Britannia. Neither 
the market nor we have yet 
been told what persuaded them 
to do so. 

Mr Maxwell, Mr Stevens and 
other allies together acquired 26 
per cent of Britannia’s shares, 
areuing that Guinness Peat's' 
offer was not good enough. The 
offer was worth 150p a share in 
equity and loan notes, with a 
cash alternative of 1 37p. 

However, it was widely 
expected in the City last night 
that a further deal would have 
to be reached, to unwind the 
two large majority holdings. 

£llm buyout 
of GKN 

By Our City Staff 
Guest Keen and Nettlcfolds 
has sold its fasteners division 
for £11.6 million iu a manage- 
ment buyout. GKN will no 
longer have an interest in one of 
its founding businesses, the 
manufacture of screws, in which 
it has been involved sioce 1902. 

The sale is the latest in a 
series of divestments. In 1980 
the company decided to concen- 
trate on the supoly of motor 
components, the defence indus- 
try and industrial services. 
During 1985 disposals raised 
£43 million with a further £4 
million due this year, including 
this latest deal. 

A new company, European 
Industrial Services, is the 
vehicle for the buyout, and 
Citicorp Venture Capital has led 
a syndicate of three equity 
investors and five banks from 1 
four countries. Five directors 
and five senior managers are 
involved in the buyout and the 
managing director of E1S is Mr 
John Huh and, previously the 
chief executive of GKN’s 
fasteners division. 

In Britain the fasteners 
division manafactures wood- 
screws, self-tapping screws and 
associated products and distrib- 
utes a wide range of fasteners. 
EIS is also buying the European 


Defection at 

The first serious defection 
from one of the City’s intended 
self-regulatory organization 
appears likely. The investment 
manager Foreiign and Colonial 
Management Group is prepar- 
ing to leave the National 
Association of Securities Deal- 
ers and Investment Managers 

Foreign and Colonial, re- 
sponsible for £1.3 billion of 
funds under management in- 
cluding the £600 milli on 
Foreign and Colonial Invest- 
ment Trust, is about to join the 
Investment Management Regu- 
latory Organisation (IMRO), 
which intends to represent 
investment managers and ad- 
visers, in the City’s new self- 
regulatory framework. 

Mr Kevin Pakenham, manag- 
ing director of Foreign and 
Colonial management Group, 
said yesterday: “We are examin- 
ing the position in the light of 
forthcoming changes in legis- 
lation. It is probable that IMRO 
will be more suitable for us than 
Nasdim, but no for mal decision 
has been made.” 

Market record 

Shares, as measured by the 
FT 30 share index, achieved a 
new closing peak yesterday. The 
index finished with an 11.1 
points gain at 1.149.6 points. Its 
previous peak was in November 
when it reached 1,146.9 points. 

Stock Market report, Page 13. 

Ensign Trust, formerly toe 
Murray Growth Trust, which 
was acquired by Merchant Nav 
Officers Pension Investments u 
September, is subscribing SS 
million (£5.6) to buy 508,000 
shares in First Colonial 
Banks hares of Chicago. 
Ensign's holding in the bank's 
enlarged equity will remain at 
17 J per cent. 

Kier defence 

French Kier. the civil engin- 
eering company, has estimated 
pretax profits of £20.5 million 
ia 1985, a rise of 25 per cent, as 
part of its defence against the 
£113 million bid from C H 

Tern pus, page 13 

No BHS inquiry 

Mr Leon Britian, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
has decided not to refer the 
proposed merger of Habitat 
Mothercare and British Home 
Stores to the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission. 



Stoddard Hldgs 

.....25p +4p 

Plastic Const 59p +Bp 

Campari mtl 41 p +4p 

East Rand pons ; — 41 p +4p 

Wordplex 71 p +6p 

Stewart Naim 12p+1p 

Richards 48p+4p 

Trafford Park M .. M ..815p +17p 

Weber Hldgs .1Q3p-t-6p 

Falcon Inds- .26p+2p 

Parkland Textile 1&>p +I0p 

Mlcrovifac — 26p +2p 

BL — — — — -flip +2p 

A B Beets 208p +13p 

London & Northern 64.5 +4p 

BuSough .21 7p +13p 

Evode Group 119p+7p 

Unread-.-: -58p+4p 

Blue Arrow 205p+12p 

BuSough .21 7p +13p 

Evode Group Il9p +7p 

— -B8p+4p 



£: St .4387 (-0.0073) 

£: DM3^494f+0.W31) 
£: SwFr 2J98Z4(+0.0113) 
£: FRr10B953{+0.0427) 
£: Yen 231 .551+3.36) 

£ Index: 78.0(+0.1) 

New Yoric 
£: St .4395 
$: DM 2.4605 
S Index: 126.1 (+0.7) 

ECU £0.614453 
SDR £0.757887 • 



i Bank Base: 11%% 

3-marrffi Interbank 11 T /f-11 1 3u% 
3-month eligible bfllK 


Micro Bus Syst. 
Shaw Carpets .. 

IBp -3p 

.B2p -lOp 

In September 1984 we strongly recom- 
mended Europe as the place to invest. Our 
judgement has proven to be sound 

The Oppenheimer European Growth 
Trust has risen by a remarkable 76%* since 
its launch in September 1984 to 
1st December 1985. 

For the fourth month running our fund 
is the top performing European Unit Trust 
over the preceding twelve month period. 

It was cited in the Winners Sector of the 
Observer on 15th December. 

We believe that investment prospects 
remain outstanding in Europe for 1986. 
To take full advantage act now. 

Contact our dealers on 

01-236 3885 (6 lines). 

*Offer to bid from launch L9.84 to 1.12.85 net income reinvested. 

Source: Planned Savings. The price of units can go down as well as up. 


M Mercantile House Group 




From year Portfolio card cheek your eight share 
p ric e mov emen tt. Add them up » give }Wi your over- 

afl total. C&ecic life againtt die dafr dmdeod figure 
puMabed on (hi* page. 

If it matches jot hare won outright or a share of 
the weal dafly prize money-oozed. If you are a winner 
fijfitwthedannproceihireon the bode of your card. 

Shares at new peak 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Dee 23. Dealings End. Jan 10. $ Contango Day, Jan 13. Settlement Day, Jan 20. 

$ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 



£ 2,000 

- £20.000 

Claims required I Claims required 


+45 points 


+151 points 

tffc I Cengmy 



Hob Law Company 

< sr ym 

Prtca Ch'a» pan % P/E 


Mob Low company 

<S?\id . 

PHOT a>'0> VOWS « P/E 



M m cmriwD 
41 83% C*ft» 

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m i in 

Tomkhn (FH) 

Smith, Ind 


Bnfflmitc Grp 

■ uwm Mi l 


© Times Nmapajwi LtaW Tow Dafly Total 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals for 
the weekly dividend of £ 20,000 in today's 













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280 148 

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230 143 

243 155 

34 19% 

92 35 

335V 178 
190% 138 
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140 82 

ISO 127 

BHtmftod 200 

EMM 100 

OS 221 


Emhan 122 

EngWlCMMCWy 287 ' 

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HraBscav S' 


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OB M 01 

QKH 277 

on an 

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OMtoSKS 106 

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63 4* 11* 

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127 28 11* 
20 0 * 

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21 27 14* 
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127 27 11* 
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42 % a* 15 * 
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34 60 21 

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28 87 121 



































WO 80 

18B 133 

130 103 

41 22 

08 170 

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7 B as 
148 .78 

140 83 

331 m .. 

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ZC QrtnipWi 

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3802 3*53 

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3721 3580 

3801 3490 

Proapacttve real retfempOon yWd on pnOoetad lattatten 
J»!B (RFD or W 866 amt <b) ION 












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410 • 

1 ® • .. 

430 • *S 

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190 +2 

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IB * .. 

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21* 21 122 
1.1 28 218 
4 j 47 a* 
30.0* 4* 152 
70 48 12* 
M2 8* 121 
10* Z* 128 
120 Z9 121 

22 * 4 * 137 

7* 29 115 
72 04 735 
103k 3* 13J 

24.1 S* 10* 

28 1 * 182 
21 17 11* 

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90 87V 

074 324 

398 271 

81 5BV 

880 380 

172 92 

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SO 2? 

139 72 

89 28V 

188 143 

302 1 R 2 

100 79V 

184 M 

102 43 

237 153 

394 IK 
NV 894 
90* 374 

570 308 

290 130 

29V 22 

344 184 

n 21 

398 280 

128 m 

90 71V 

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184 93 

846 370 

18C 1C 

103 tit 

323 213 

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132 M 

385 313 

340 331 

5« 178 

97 M 

111 00 

131 43 

SP, «. 

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2SS 155 
1S3 M 

88 IB 

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97 72 

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M 31 

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B01 373 

67 40 

31V 77V 

tos in 

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328 90S 

148 01 

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: SSSS-^S! -: fc 

^hc t 1 K ^° nS ~ 

dlrafed l££?S5?i JO?*!** “PPOK^ wffl> 199.25 OB 
: 4 yen in less Thursday. 

! than half an horn fa fannedi ate .755* retMed 

i whhthe y^^feTS 

dectarafiM that he did not want; ,<*** j .46to the doflarfai thelSr 
to see the yen nse above its East was' bet gnumj *v~ 

■ £Bwss SSSfW-e 

■ ~ga — .ssssasar 


: 'l Vi. 

.: 1 ■: 

dqniiwi - 

NewYgrtt SllSyXi 4485 

UOntTWd S2_01 55-2.0360 

Mista^m aS7B4-4JM230 

BnasA 72-24-72.74* - 

■ Ccmnhsgan 12^6-12585* 

g«** 1.1023-l.fTIOp 

Ff«n«Wt 3£3434.K14m 

















iMnMun K 2 i£?S §8 &§*£, 

118340-10-92401 -10iS24-iaBM2f VlSedJi 

tMMk Snoaths 

d««Xlopr» 1 ^ 2 -i^a pram 

■tag ssr--iffijssr- 




247B4^U54f ' 

swfce hid*c cwapowdwa, 1978 was qp Q.l«t7H4 (day# rang* 763-7BJ&. 





Aigandm austral 

Australia aotar 

Bahrain cSnar - 

Erazfl cruzeiro 

1.1500—1.1530 Vftanci. 
Z1110-2.1155 SfcgaporO. 
05435-05475 M ffiS _ 


I maria . 

Owes *octma _ 
Hong Kong dollar . 

inda rupee 

Kuwait dnarOCD) . 

— 15208X10 -15297 HO Auatrato 

07700-07800 C Bnada 

7.0035-7.8435 : Sweden 

.212.75-21475 Norway 

Malaysia doBar . 

ipoao . 

. 11.2330— 11.24SX) 



_ 04898-04864 

Knv Zealand dolar. 

Baud Arabia riysl_ 
Singapore dolar. 



. 5-2625— 5.3025 


Sou* Attea rand 3B417-&3642 Hong Kong 

Untied Arab En*KDB fflriumj— 5782S-603a3 Portugal. 

Rates aupp&ari by Barclays Bank HOKX and M 


New York (Agencies): \ Hie riwnp. ;~w m op 0.45 to 
market hauled higher la aettre 121 J9 and the price of an 
eartr trading yesterday. \ average share was np 13 cents. 

The .Dow Jones avenge. Advancing shares led decHn- 
whrch fidl &S4 to 1,537.73 on ing . stods 841-429 amnng the 
Thursday was up 8*491 to 1,739 issues crossing the tape. 
1£46*22 at one stage. Later in Volume amounted to aboat 
the morning ft slipped *, to 33,200,000 shares compared 
l , 5<5 J» 4, np ?JL \ . with 31,110,000 in the same 

The New York Stock ^x- period on Thnrsday. 










Ms Cretan 
Alcoa - 
Aranda Kus 


Ara 8ra*3c**t 121*1 121 
Am Can ‘ E)% SO 

Ara^aisnm 57*, 57 L 

AmaacPomr 23% 23% 

AmBtpracfi 53% S2% 

Am Home 
Am Standard 
Anneo Steel 
Ashland Ofl 

AJMcRkttatt ... 

AvooProduds 127% -27% 
Bankers Tat NV 73% 73% 
Bankaroarfca 15% Ip, 
Bankol Boakm 62% 824 

Bank of NT Sl% S1% 
BtttarTrt* 15*, 15% 

Ba strict roods 49* 48 
teWtamBtete ip» 15*, 
52% sr. 

lC4»Skm K% 86 % 
Mi \ 23 1 . 241, 

Fat rent fine* 

Fat Peon Corp 
Ford 1 
GAFCOrp | 
Gan hist 
Gan MBs 
QanMotors 79* 
GenfMbUaNYl 15% 
Genaaco \ 3% 
Qoortfa Pacffic \ 28 

frwlrifh t33 

Qoodvssr ‘31 
Oouukic 90% 
Graca 47% 

GtABcJPicSe fel*« 
Graytotmd *1% 
Grumman Corp * 1 % 
HainzH.J. 31% 
HarculM 38% 
Hwto&ttrt 3V% 
Honaywo* 73*4 
tCtrch 37% 

28% 29i< 

s $ 

57*4 57 % 
W*4 50% 

45% 46 

70*i SB % 

as*. 6 B% 

71% 72% 

17% 17% 


Trading continned quiet y ester- on the discount market 
day. Period rates showed some After a high of 13 per cent In 
firming as the jponad retreated thin trsdinglt came off again to 
with other leading currencies hi dose aroimd 10 per cent 

rrsi- "iSft b^odS^LS: 

ti 11 % ^srsJi^dS 18 ^ 

It sUpped again to 10 Ki-10 “ ^ 1 d ^ W * 
per cent during lunch before Sterling certificates as de- 
rising in response to conditions posit firmed S« percent. 

Quae Ratos % 

□earing Banks 11 % 

Rrtanoa Hwm 12 

Kaeount Uarirat LbamK 
Owntahfc High 11*, Low 10 
Waaktowt 11 %-llV 


roar* . B’eV* 

3 months SV^ 

ivnaaorr Us (Dteamt 


2 months 

7 days 4*Sr4%»' 
3 months 4%4% 

11 %. 

3 months 11%. 
Mmo Bsnk B2s {Discount %) 

1 north 11"al1S. 2 months 1lVU% 
S months I1*r-11 7 M 6 months ilWII’u 


s mannta 19V19% 

11 % 

1 ™mh SS^^morths 11 *» 

3 months 11*%, B months 

Intmtwnk (%) 

Owwrtgiit opan I1*%r1l% 


7 days 2W% 

3 months 4%-4% 


amoofos ©"rOT* 

cal 8V7% 

1 month s%-B 
6 months 8%-7%, 
cal 5-4 
1 .month 4 T 'ir-4** 
6 months 4*f4% 
cafl S-8 
1 month 1T%>11% 
B months 13*i-13 

T montti 

1 month 
■ mortho «*«B%. 


3 months 

1 JV 11 % § mortSs® 11 *u- 1 1 «*„ 



a ^ 

1 month 12-11% 

3 months 12-11% 

9 months 11%-11% T2mcrttM il%-if% 

3 months 11% 
12 months If, 

months -t2-ti% 

6 months 18 - 11 % 

Fbcod Rata amritag Export Rnsneo Schama IV 

, Awragn rvfannoa rata tor MM pariod 

6 November, 1985 to 3 Dscatitbsr. 1985, 

. Indurtw: lt.612 par <ML- ... 


Staffing CDs (%} . ■ ; ■ 

a iSmm « 8 Hr^*sEfar 

Dolar C0«nu 

1 month 7JD-7J5 SmorAa 7B5-7JB 
0 months 7JS-7.8D 12 morOn 8-00-7^5 

£97^ 1% raeshmd 19% 

Average r«a:g11 2092% t s st was k.ei1 .1B62* 
NartsmtceiDOm - opMcaEIOOm 



DlAb Power 

Du Port 68% 

EaetamAir 6 

Essonsn Kodak 50>. 
Eaton Corp «4 

EmeraonBaet 81 
Bna^AkRgt IS*. 


, -_jMng SB*, «9% 

MaMOa 30*. 30*. 

[Monaanfei 47% 47% 

| Morgan J. P. 63% 

, 39% 40*» 

Ntfrabdrin 13% 19. 

NatDMfiora 35 ap. 

NatMadErt 22% 22% 

Nat Sareiaidctr 12% 12 % 

NorfoScSoutn 81% 81% 

NW Bryicam 31% 31% 

OookSwaaJPet 30*. 30*. 

Outtoi 32*. 33% 

aCcorp 39, ark 

Owe ns fo o ls 52% 52% , 





Pfesr 50 . 90% 

PhatpaDodn* ZP< 23 

PhSpMOtriS 88% 88% 

PNBpaPeMl 12% 12% 

PoMroid . 4?. 43*4 
PTOM- 50% 51 

Pnctar Gantt* 69% m 

PUOSwe&Gtt 31% 31% 

Rnfftson S3*, 53% 

RCA Corp 80% 58% 

Rsyncfc&M 31% 31% 

Reynolds Matai 37*, 37*. 

RodOMltrt 35*. 35% 

Dutch 83 63 

ays 36% 36*. 

SaraLas 5C% 50'. 

sfesopk 3a% 3t*. 

SCM 73%. 78*« 

ScMumbernsr 36 36% 

Scot! Paper 50% 50% 

<7 48 

ShaGTIans W. 

fl% 42% 
75 75% 

20 s , 20 % 
26% 28*4 

Swans J.1% SO 1 ! 31 
Sun Conp 5i% 5f. 
TtWyns 338% 330% 

Tameco 39% 38% 
Texaco 30% 30 

Texas East Corp 38 35 

Ttwbwt 105% 106 

Teats Uttlas 2 a% 29% 
Textron 4|% 4S 

TravaiaraCOfp 47 48 

TRW me 87 88 

UAL Inc 50% 50 

Unlever NV 147*, 147V 

Union Carbide 72*, 71 
IkiPKiScCorp 54% 53*. 
UMK Brand. 27% 27% 
UB Steal 2S% 26% 

Uid Techno! 44% 43*. 

27% 27*, 
Wwnar Comma 38% 37% 
Warner Lambert 48% 47% 
WMsFaqp « 68 % 

18% 18*4 
40 40% 

20 % 20 
41% 42% 
18*. 18 % 
111 % 11 % 




Alcan AkaMn 
CkWOi __ 

Hs wksr/BMCan 23 22% 

Hudson Bay Mta 6% 6% 

Imaa co 27% 27% 

ImpartslOi Si% 51 

MPIpe 42% 42*4 

MM-Fergtn 3.(5 3-05 

Royal TTualCo 23% 23% 

S aa gram B5% 67 

SWiCo 2Z*t 2Z*. 

Thomson H ’A' 23*, 24% 

WaftarHkam 32 32% 

17*. 17% 

• Bcifc.»AslgiLc£xdwtauBwi.>BMLltMn 1nt dnseiLsHtwatua.*5Iot*adt.lTiiOrt.r(aiqoot«l 


Mar 96. 
Jon 86. 
Sap 88. 
Dm 80. 
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Simmons & Simmons: Mr 
George Littier, Mr Simon 
Morgan, Mr Inin Cullen and 
Mr Martin Smith have been 
made partners. 

Morgan Grenfell Laurie: Mr 
David Bovitz joins the board. 

National Nuclear Corpor- 
ation: Mr Fraser Ashman 
become an associate director. 

UK and Republic of Ireland 
XJMRA. Advisory Committee: 
Mr John Fi nan . has been made 
chairman. Mr John Dixon is 
senior deputy chairman and Mr 
John PtdUipB is junior deputy 

British Aerospace: Mr Peter 
Brighton has been appointed 
managing director of British 
Aerospace Electronic Systems 
and Equipment Division, 
BntclaidL He succeeds Mr D. S. 
Barnes. ; 

Gencor (UK): Mr 1 C Gray 
has been appointed managing 

The Institute of Public 
Relations: Miss Carol Friend 
has been elected president 

Telephone Rentals: Mr Peter 
Hoole, and Mr Barry Hannam 
join the p™* board as director 
of operations and sales director. 

Jardine Thompson Graham: 
Mr J. Monroe had been made 
director of the son-marine 
division, M| *d Mr B. L Wethn- 
rall a di rector of the financial 
and tedmkal services division. 

Big rise in 
sales of 

By Teresa Poole 

Cream-based liqnenrs for the 
after-dinner drinker have been 
one of the alcoholic successes 
of 198S. 

Better distribution and wider 
availability has stimulated 
demand, end it is thought that 
they are being favoured increa- 
singly by women. 

The market for cream-based 
Uqseurs is seasonal and the two 
months before Christmas San- 
aa aggressive marketing battle 
among the leading brands. 

The dear market leader - 
and also the world's best 
selling tiqueur - is Baileys 
Original Irish Cream, a blend 
of Irish whiskey, chocolate and 
cream, made by Grand Metro- 
politan's wine and spirits 
division. International Distil- 
lers and Vintners. 

Baileys holds between 60 
and 70 per cat of the British 

According to the Victoria 
Wine Company, sales at is 800 
outlets of cream-based liqueurs 
as a whole were np by 15 per 
cent over the Christmas period. 
Much of the growth came from 
the Allied-Lyons Wends, 
Beachcomber and Conn try 
Satin, and the newly-hunched 

Baileys faces competition 
from both ends of the market. 
It typically retails for £5.79 for 
a bottle while the AUied-Lyons 
brands, which use British wine 
as a base, are up to £1.60 a 
bottie cheaper. 

In the nm-up to Christmas 
Allied-Lyons spent £700,000 
on television advertising alone 
for the ram and coconnt-fla- 
voured Beachcomber and the 
whisky and Devon cream 
Co un t r y Satin comb ina tion. It 
now «*""»« these products hold 
a quarter of the market. 

AX the top end of the market 
is Crane de Grand Marnier, a 
cream-based version of the 
orange-flavoured cognac, which 
sells for about £&9S a bottie. It 
is imported and di stri bu t ed by 
United Rum Merchants, an- 
other Allied-Lyons subsidiary, 

Baileys hnwfcrd its new 
advertising /winpBig n two 
months ago and claims that 
1985 has been the best year for 
a long time, with sales 20 per 
cent np on the previous year. “I 
think that competition is good 
for the category,” said Mr 
James Espey, chairma n and 
mana g i ng director of EDV 


RTZ coup could threaten 
Britain’s oil prosperity 

When does an independent oil 
company become a major oil 
company? This is the question 
Lasmo shareholders must ask 
themselves at the extraordinary 
meeting on Monday where 
ihey will be asked to approve 
the deal which will see Rio 
Tinto-Zinc take a 25.2 per cent 
stake in their company in 
return for RTZ*s 29.9 per cent 
investment in Enterprise 02. 

The deal has been widely 
acknowledged as a coup for 
RTZ, but there must be 
lingering doubts about whether 
this is the best way for the 
independent oil sector to 
undergo its much-needed and 
painful rationalization. 

T ambling oil prices and 
market sentiment have ensured 
ihat this pain must be endured 
but the emergence of RTZ as 
the puppeteer pulling the 
rationalization strings may not, 
in the long run. result in the 
strong and vibrant indepen- 
dent sector which is essential 
for the long-term prosperity of 
the British oil industry. 

If the deal goes through, and 
the proxy voting to date 
suggests that it will, RTZ will 
have an interest directly or 
indirectly in varying degrees in 
Lasmo. Tricentro! and Enter- 
prise. which has itself already 
snapped up Saxon OiL All 
those companies could, quite 
justifiably, be described as 
independents but put them all 
together under the RTZ banner 
and the net result is an oil 
business which is bordering on 
becoming a major. 

Although the deal leaves 
Lasmo with a sounder financial 
base there must be a danger 
that it wifi in future be 
regarded as little more than an 
RTZ offshoot and it may 
therefore encounter resistance 
in its own efforts to develop 
the business by the “bids and 
deals” route. Further partici- 
pation in the sector’s rationali- 
zation might be more restric- 

The next two years will be 
critical for the independents. It 
is essential that they emerge 
from that period in a position 
to take up their allotted role as 
the keepers of the United 
Kingdom’s oil reserves. 

Both the Canadian and US 
oilfields are now 80 per cent 
dominated by independent 
companies which have thrived 

since the majors relinquished 
their early dommantion 
Unfortunately for investors, 
this important long-term objec- 
tive will not square with their 
short-term performance 
measures. The independent 
sector will therefore have to 
look after itself, which leaves 
the bigger companies and the 
RTZs of this world with a duty 
to act responsibly which mighr 
not be immediately apparent. 

will those with portfolios 
weighted to city offices and 
hybrid production and office 
space along the M4. 

Bui these few high spots will 
not be enough to prevent 
property shares overall falling 

behind. Performance will be 
depressed by falling values in 
company portfolios with ageing 
industrial and office space in a 
myriad of locations away from 
the prosperous South-east. 

Pr o p e rtyshares French ^ 

Last year saw property share 
brokers crying into their silk 
handkerchiefs. There were few 
takers for porperty shares in a 
bullish market which broke 
new records almost daily. The 
reasons are obvious. The sector 
underperformed compared 
with the all-share index, by 
nearly li per cent with the 
relative index falling from 108 
to 98. .And a nine-year relative 
low appared last summer. 

Property company results in 
1985 were very disappointing, 
with the average rise in net 
asset value between about 3.S 
and 4 per cent. 

The rise in the rest of the 
equity market made property 
stocks look even less attractive 
last year, but will this continue 
into 1986? The indications are 
that there wifi be a bear market 
this year, a factor which will 
help porperty equities. 

Certain areas of the direct 
property market saw a distinct 
improvement last year which 
will continue into 1986. Not- 
able were the City office 
market, felled by the coming 
big bang and the growth of the 
financial conglomerates hungry 
for space, and the retail sector. 
The latter has been the 
brightest light on the horizon 
for some time and will be so 
this year 

Retailing is changing funda- 
mentally. The development of 
out-of-town retail warehouses 
or warehouse parks is an 
underlying trend. Enormous 
schemes incorporating leisure 
activities outside town centres 
will be a feature of the market 
from now on. 

These factors wifi be re- 
flected in the equity market. 
Companies with a large ex- 
posure to retail property will 
show better than average 
growth in net asset value, as 

French Kier's defence docu- 
ment against C H Beazer’s 
£113 million bid pushed its 
shares up 4p to 26Sp, putting it 
even further out of Beazer’s 
reach. Beazer’s share and cash 
offer values Kier shares at only 
230p, but the City reckons that 
Beazer will have to pay at least 
270p to win the day. Kier has 
come up with a solid defence, 
which lists among its achieve- 
ments compound growth in 
earnings per share of 10.1 per 
cent over the past five years. 

Pretax profits in 1985 are 
estimated at £20.5 million, a 
rise of 25 per cent. Turnover is 
up 13 per cent, and eps up 27 
per cent, helped by a falling 
British tax rate, and dividends 
have been boosted by 40 per 

cent. The cover is still an 
adequate 2.8 times. 

Net asset value, which 
includes revaluations of com- 
pleted developments and pro- 
fits expected to fall in 1986 
from contracts already com- 
pleted. is put at 246p per share. 

Beazer objects to the failure 
io strip the final dividend 
payment out of the net assets, 
but Kier counters that its assets 
estimate is designed to show 
what Beazer should pay. 

Although the 1985 profits 
estimate may have been flat- 
tered by a high level off 
overseas" civil engineering! 
completions, Kier still has 
plenty of work on its order 


Beazer. which has no experi- 
ence of international construc- 
tion. wants Kier as a cash 
generator and a cyclical offset 
to its housebuilding activities. 
A sensible strategic move for 
Beazer, but there is nothing in 
it for Kier at the present price. 
Kier shareholders shquld sit 


e orders spark electrics 

By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

A record-breaking market 
and orders from the military 
gave a boost to electrical shares 
yesterday, helping General Elec- 
tric Company and Lucas Indus- 
tries shares in particular to 
march ahead. 

GEC was already in favour 
after this week’s news of a £250 
million order from China for 
power station equipment and 
yesterday’s confirmation of 
£400 m Alien worth of work on 
Stingray torpedoes kept the 
price bubbling. Lucas Industries 
will share in the naval contract, 
making the actuators for the 

GEC saw its share price rise 
8p to 17Sp, while Lucas rose 
I5p to 508p. Lucas is now a 
firm favourite in the City, 
having been lifted by brokers’ 

men reckon the price is merely 
having its annual run ahead of 
the figures and will fall back in 
the next account. Few analysts 
expects the results to be good, 
though there is hope that Raeal 
will have news of significant 
progress for cellular radio 

Government stocks were still 
in the doldrums, showing losses 
of around £?t The gyrations of 
sterling against the dollar on the 
foreign exchanges confused the 
future picture for gilts, and 
there is doubt about how ar 
interest rates will be allowed to 
fall in 1986. 

Mr Maurice Fullerton, arfco lost a power battle at Windsor 
Securities, the insurance group, last year, has emerged as cha i r m a n 
of the troubled calming equipment group. Associated Energy 
Services. He replaces Mr Paul Howlett who, it was announced on 
Monday, sold 36.1 per cent of the capital at lip a share. AES, 
which in September gave a warning of poor results, said yesterday 
that its 1985 figures would reveal a significant trading loss. The 
shares fell 5p to 18p. 

Arien, the electrical group, rose 
4p to 74p yesterday. Expect 
news next week that G. M. Firth 
(Holdings) has sold its 13 per 
cent shareholding. Mr Peter 
Brown, the financier on the 
board of Celtic Haven, is 
beleived to be the buyer. 

recommendations and bid 
hopes over the past few months. 

But there is more to come for 
GEC. Analysts confidently 
expect another big order for the 
group, this time from the 
Middle East. Talk in the City 
suggests GEC will complete its 
hat-trick with a near £450 
million contract for communi- 
cations equipment. 

News that Wood Mackenzie, 
the broker, is putting GEC 
firmly bade on its buy list is also 
likely to push the share price 
higher stilL Those investors 
who have been hoping to see the 
char es clim b back above 2 Q 0 p — 
last seen in early 1985 - may 
not have long to wait- 

Rafl Electronics was also 
well-favoured yesterday, al- 
though dealers were sceptical 
about the reasons for the lOp 
price rise to 172p. Results are 
due from the groups at the end 
of this month, and some market 

• BET: United Transport Inter- 
national, a subsidiary of BET, has 
bought Consolidated Bulk Liquid 
Transport of West Yorkshire for 


SURANCE: The company has 
bought Edward Jackson Estate 
Agents, based at Oonskirk. Lanca- 


GRAPHIC: The cash offer by Mr J 
R Peace for the company’s capital 
has not received any acceptances. 
Mr Peace holds 5.01 mill ion 
or d inar y shares {50.11 per cent), 
acquired on Nov. 2U the offer 
dosed on DeC. 30. 

The company has sold its P&veu- 
hwm Park Home Estate, near 
Bedford, which contains 64 homes, 
for £225,000 cash to a private 

There wfere gains of a few 
pence for second-line electrical 
shares such as Diploma, First 
Castle Electronics, and UEL 
Crystalate Holdings was also a 
penny or two better, despite the 
sad news of the death of its 
chairman Mr John Leworthy 
who led the group through its 
•takeover of Royal Worcester 
just over two years ago. 

The general tone of the stock 
market was bullish, as though 
there is still another week to go 
in this three-week account. 
Trading volume remained 
subdued. The FT 30-share 
ind«t pushed 1 1.1 points higher 
to a new dosing peak of 1 149.6, 
The FT-SE 100 share index is 
still some way from its record 
high of 1455.5, reached last 
November, and yes»«rday stood 
at 1429.8, up 9.3 points on the 

Oil prices did not help the 
pound, although expectations 
that President reagan wtll send a 
US support fleet to the Middle 
East in case of clashes between 
Israel and Libya provoked 
hopes of higher prices. Libya 
produces about 1 million 
barrels a day of oil and any 
interruption to its production 
will cause a short-term shortage 
of supply. 

Pennies were added to the 
prices of British Petroleum, 
BritoiL, Barm ah and Shell, but 
there were also small losses 
among second-line issues. Spe- 
cial situations brought move- 
ment for certain other oil 

Ultramar responded to this 
week’s confirmation that it has 
won control of the Gulf 
marketing and refining oper- 
ations in Canada. The deal. 




AbboaMes! Vidas SpOrd (ISO) 225 

Aihkt (Laura) 5p Onl (135) 1*3-1 

Cable & Wades 50p Old ( 5*71 300pN 308 
CTmnooy Secanbci ISp Ord (63 b i 70+1 

Ouaa&Easin htvtoJfok l M 
Cnanicfc MiS lOp Ord (95 b) 


l) 1 35 

..J Ord flOO) 50p Pd 51 

GrmyteSB&ce iOpOtd(56a) 01-1 

looco 10pQcdf551 SI 

J S PtobaiOB- 1 Dp Old (160a) 260+12 


Jacket VailOp Out (120 b) 
Lexicon IkSJUJI Con) Stk{l 15) 

Merivato Moor 5p Old (l I S) 

Monks* Crane lOpOrtlni 


SAClnremnrionai IflpOrtfHOOa) 

SPP lOpOnl (125) 

^nxIM lOpOrdflOla) 

Sreriine Pnb&ahifll 5p Old (57») 


Technical Component 2Sp Ord (1 30a) 
Underwoods 1 Op Ord (180*) 


Barium (1 10) NH Pd 
Goal Petroleum (32) Nil Pel 

Hartwdh 1681 Nil £d 

Smith Bros (1 65) v _ 

Issue price in parentheses, a Unlisted Secnrines, 
■by l e ad en 

1 17 
; 02-2 

8 prem 
*• (arm 

30 prem 
6 prem 


• SHAW CARPETS: Interim 
results for 27 weeks to November 1 
show that losses in the summer 
months were higher than usual and 
were not eliminated by the profit 
made in the autumn. Toe directors 
are, therefore, not decla rin g an 
interim dividend Up). With figures 
in £000, safes were 21,61 1 (39,505) 
and pretax loss 564 (profit 33). 

• H. J. BALDWIN: Interim 
results to October 31 show turnover 

after tax and after dividend payable 
to the p reference shareholders but 
before extraordinary items were 


• J. N. NICHOLS: The company 
has acquired Independent Vending 
Supplies and Fresher International. 
The consideration for IVS is 
£999,920 and for Fresher £1 cash. 

recommended improved offer docu- 
ment is expected to be posted to 
Cole Group shareholders on 
Monday. By Thursday, the third 
dosing date of the original offer, 
acceptances bad been received in 
respect of 16,287 Cole ordinary 
(a ppr ox im ately 0.5 percent) shares. 

INGS: The company has bought its 
own 250.000 ordinary shares al 
£1.03 apiece for canceUarion. The 
new issued share capital win total 
385,321,785 ordinary shares. 


CIETY: Income for ordinary 

business assurances and a nn ui ties 
(including group and executive 
pension schemes) dining 1985 rose 
to £53. million (£45 million). The 
corresponding angle pr e m ium 
business showed an increase of 9 per- 

which is worth Can$l50 mil- 
lion, means that Ultramar can 
close the Gulf refinery in 
Montreal and keep open its own 
plant in Quebec province. 

As a result, Ultramar will at 
least be able to pay the interest 
charges on the cost of its 
purchase and stabilize its 
margins on its refining pro- 
duction in C anada. Ultramar 
shares rose 7p to 205p. 

Lasmo shares drifted 5p 
lower to 235p as the market 
began to give up hope of a bid 
for the group before the 
extraordinary meeting on 
Monday. This is expected to 
confirm the swop of share 
stakes to leave Rio Tinto-Zinc 
with a 25 per cent holding in 
Lasmo, a holding which cannot 

Speculation that Dr Ashraf 
Marwan, the Egyptian finan- 
cier, is increasing his share- 
holding in ExteL the communi- 
cations group, sent the shares 
]4p higher to 330p yesterday. 
Dr Marwan has been a persist- 
ent fan of Extel and his last 
declared shareholding was 8.2 
per cent. 

be increased above 29 per cent 
in the next two years unless a 
rival bidder appears. 

The City had been hoping to 
see someone such as Broken 
Hill Proprietary step in with an 
offer for Lasmo. but any 
contender looks to be leaving it 
rather late. 

• Trading volume on the 
London traded options market 
remained in four figures, reach- 
ing 9,462 contracts. The Stock 
Exchange index option is 
proving the most popular this 
week, notching up 1,353 con- 
tracts traded in the day, a long 
way ahead of turnover else- 
where. Lonrfao is also still being 
chased, with 802 contracts i 
traded. BT. GEC and Distillers, 
saw volume of 601, 545 and 618 
contracts traded. There were 
few significant price changes. 

TRUST: The approximate asset 
value of each capital share, on 
December 3 1 was 400.87p (previous 
month 41 0.69p). 

firm has acquired a further 4,000 
shares of Rights and Issues 
Investment Trust, making a holding 
of 264,000 shares, 16.5 per cent of 
the issued shares. 

OW. CANNING: The Prudential- 
Group and its segregated funds 
m anag ed for clients now bold 6.56 
per cent of the issued share capital 
of W. Canning (5.92 per cent). 

• QUEENS MOAT: The rec- 
ommended offer for Dean Park 
Hotels has been accepted in respect 
of 5484.1 14 shares (5042 per rent). 
Hie offer is now unconditional m ail 
ir tp rrty The special interim 
dmdead of 1^5p was being paid to 
Dean Park shareholders yesterday. 




a / . :■» « 

9 ,.V 

' ' * .r „ r .fc. 




■ As the New Year comes in 

investors will probably reraem- 

■ ber 1985 best for the scandals in 
• the City - Lloyd’s, Johnson 

Matthey and the like - and for 
the recently published Financial 

- Services Bill the implications of 

■ which will take many months to 
. digesL 

Home owners with mort- 
gages, and borrowers generally, 

- are more likely to associate 
1 198S with the highest interest 

rates in real terms for years, and 

- the squeeze that put on their 
disposable income. 

Conversely. 1985 will be 
remembered with a warm glow 
by building society and bank 
savers who received a real 
return on their investment as 
well as anyone fully invested in 
stock markets around the world 
where so many new highs were 

But what of 1986? Already 
the pundits are nervous about 
; the continued strength of the 
bull market in Bri tain. The fizz 
frothing over in the past two 
months of the year has re- 
inforced the pessimists’ view 
that the autumn stock market 
excitement was only the last 

■ flourish before a bear market 

Howard Flight among others, 
says: “Anyone anticipating 'the 
peaking out*, as the currency 
dealers put it of the US dollar 
; in 1985, should have made a fat 
capita} gain. After a nail-biting 
first quarter when sterling was 
shot to pieces, its subsequent 
recovery looks reasonably se- 

Mr Flight who runs Guin- 
ness Mahon's managed cur- 
rency funds, reckons that the 

major watershed for currencies. 
Governments agreed- to inter;, 
vene on exchange markets to try < 
to iron out some of the wilder 
fluctuations of the 1980s. 

“Since then, everything has; 
gone as the Group of Five could ; 
have wished. The dollar is being 
rerated downwards, though it is 
still too high against the major 
currencies apart from sterling,” 
says Mr Flight 

He feels that the yen and the 
Deutschmark must appreciate 
against the dollar further, by 
between 20 and 30 per cent this 
year if among other things, US 
exports are to become suffi- 
ciently competitive. 

He t hinks that sterling is 
potentially the most volatile 
major currency because of 
declining oil price. Neverthe- 
less, he is optimistic that it 
should hold around the $1.40 to 
SI. SO level. . > 

He says: “I think 1986 will be 

A backing for the 
yen and mark 

the year of the soft landing for 
the UK and US. They’ll sort out 
their deficit and 1 think the oil 
price vulnerability won't have 
the impact you might think on 
our economy." 

Mr Flight is backing the yen 
and the Deutschmark this year. 
He would advise switching into 
these currencies or going for a • 
unit trust investing in these 
currency areas. 

But he adds: “We remain 
keen on an investor’s funds 
being in a basket of currencies. 
So many buy sterling because it 
is the easiest thing to do.” 

The view on interest rates is 



o' 7 m 
k rmsiwww* 



those who think a gentle 
dropping-off of rates is likely. 

Anthony Bolton, investment 
director of Fidelity Inter- 
national, is one of the optimists, 
though he reckons: “They’ll 
come down less fast than one 
would expect as the Govern- 
ment’s -fiscal policy now 
amounts to the control of 
interest rates.” 

Tony Gordon, founder part- 
ner of Bristol-based insurance 
brokers Redcliffe Associates, 
sums up the- view with no frills: 
“Interest rates have to ease 
some time this year, if this 
Government hasn’t goofed 

Tim Melvifle-Ross. chief 
general manager of the Nation- 
wide Building Society, feels an 
underlying confidence that rates 
must drop. “I'd dearly like to 
see them come down substan- 
tially this year, but the evidence 
is sadly lacking at the moment,” 
he says on a note of caution. 

“There is the ofl price, and 
the Government’s desire for low 
wage settlements is so strong 
that it looks prepared to squeeze 
corporate liquidity with high 

David Ritchie, assistant gen- 
eral manager at Scottish 

rates will foil away this year 
and, likewise, he feels gilts will 
not rise much above current 

Not much that happened in 
1985 surprised Philip Gray, 
managing director of .GT 
Management UK, except the 
under-performance of gilts. 
“Gilts were distinctive in not 
going to plan," be says. But he 
feels gilts must appreciate ibis 
year as they are very much “an 
investment anomaly - lagging 
behind equities”. 

While Mr Gray is pretty 
bullish about 1986 investment 
prospects worldwide, Touche 
Remnant’s assistant investment 
manager, Paul Manduca^ is a 
firm fence-sitter on the UK 
market. He does not foresee a 
swingeing bear market but he 
does not expect more than a 30- 
point-plus gain on the All-Share 
Index. He reckons Wall Street 
will be the best market this year. 

Japan gets a general thumbs 
down, though Mr Ritchie says: 
“We are beginning to look at 
Japanese technology stocks 
a gain after a poor two years.” 

Mr Bolton takes an original 
line on 1986: “We’re bullish 
about the UK market for the 
first part of the year. We don’t 

always take longer to set in than 
fine thinks.” ■“ 

His advice is to remain fully 
invested but to take stock after 
a few months into the year, as 
then the i& and buts aboftt 
government policy, corporate 
profits, even the next. election, 
■will begin to come to the fore. 5 ' 

: Mr Gordon, in line with his 
bear view on interest rates, -is 
advising clients to think g3ts 
year • “It very much 

More attracted to'' 
overseas markets* 

depends on - an individual's 
portfolio of course, but for 
short-term gain I recommend 
gilts. Fd suggest either investing 
m a gilts unit trust . qr an 
insurance fund with a gDts 
weighting.” - , . 

Along with many other fund 
managers, Edinburgh-based 
Scottish Widows was underin- 
vested in UK equities last year 
until aro und mid-summer. Mr 
Ritchie, who is involved in 
managing, the UK’s j largest 
single 'pooled pension fund, 
worth about £1,600 million, is 
restrained again this year.- 
He says: a Some of the froth 

about the US.’ His favourite 
market for 1986- is Europe,, 
tbough he would not plump for 
any'smgte market. . * 

“For the growth-orientated 
investor I'd put 40 per cent in 
the UK, 20 per cent in the US* 
20 per cent into Europe, and the 
remaining 20 per. cent, split 
between Japan and the Far 
East,” he says. 

Mr Gray is the biggest all- 
round bull of our straw poll. In 
fact, he thinks 1986 looks so. 
good for UK. US and European 
equities that he's a trifle 
worried! . ... 

He says: “All the signs point 
to another vintage year. The 
mood is still pro-business, 
deflationary, ' and the. tax cli- 
mate is now favourable to 
equities, and I don’t just mean 
in the US and the UK. Have 
you .seen how' well the Indian, 
stock market did in 1985 thanks 
to tax cuts?” 

Mr Manduca’s aphorism for 
1986 is “don’t beafraid to take 

Mr Gordon counsels: “With 
the phasing-out of Serps, I think 
1986 is the year when retire- 
ment planning needs a lot ofj 
thought and expert advice. It 
was never less appropriate just 

With over eight hundred unit trusts available and more being launched each month, how do you 
know which to choose? In reality there are only three basic types of unit trust, and M&G has an out- 
standingly successful example of each: Recovery Fund for capital growth, Dividend Fund for 
income, and SECOND General for a balance 
between income and growth. pnMH 

You should remember that new funds or ■ l 
funds Which suffer a change of management if you need income whid -1 will grow over the years M&G Dividend Fund 
are likely to be more Of a gamble than those could be your ideal investment The Fund invests in a wide range of 
Which can point to a long and successful record, ordinary shares and arms to provide above average and increasing 
M&G’S investment team has remained largely «ncomeandayieHalwut5^ FT ActuariesAI-Sharehdex 

unchanged for many years, and our long-term comfvwattve performance table, ao^oo nested « income u«ts at ttie 

performance record reflects this. Past perform- - 

ance cannot be a guarantee for the future, but it * — cam 

!* usually the best measure you have of a fund’s bKSSs | US? o»Si» I wS? 

likelihood of achieving its objective. ... — 

We are offering an extra 1 % unit allocation if 6 ^ 5 64 £536 *10^00 10500 

you invest £ 1,000 or more and 2 % if you invest ±970 463 650 io ,760 10,000 

£ 10,000 or more per Fund. 2275 a» 871 15500 10.000 

The price of units and the income from them JH5 |^78 *908* is^iio 10000 

may go down as well as up. This means that unit : — 

trusts are a long-term investment and net suit- 

able for money you may need at short notice. M«D«idend and figures aw an rea^^ 

increase in the All-Share 

two good years. • ' , ' 

“We’re ■ -happy -staying with 
the spread we’ve got (50 per 
cent in the UK) and run with 
the markets.” - . 1 k 
■ Mr Ritchie is imarginally 
more attracted .to overseas 
markets (20 per oet* overseas), 
and in Europe and 'the United 
States rather than the Far East. 

. Mr Bolton is directing clients 
into the UK stock market short 
term, and he remains . happy 

^ t -. 

# :: 

1986 as the preparation for the 
Building Society Bill becoming 
law in 1987, which will give 
building .societies much -wider 
scope in investment - 
He also predicts that .the 
arrival of the Matrix automated 
telling machines this year (put 
together by several blinding 
societies) will make .building 
societies that much more useful 
for consumers. 

Hilaire Gomer 

The first few -weeks of 1986 are 
as good a time as any for 
reviewing your finances, and 
the sew year brings a number of 
changes wincb are important *to 
investors. ■ ,: _ 

‘ With several new privatiza- 
tions^ the pipeline for 1986 - 
British Gas, British. Airways. 
Royal Ordnance, and possibly 
the- Trustee. Savings Bank - 
ypur first requirement is to keep’ 
cash ready. ■ , - 

That . means ,a -building 
society or high-interest, cheque 

account, as many pJastic cards 
as you can service . . .• or, foiling 
all these; the ability to draw on 
a negotiated overdraft; • 

Argue- for the .best dcaL you 
:can ' get This , might even 
include approaching 'a bank 
manager who has gone to a new- 
branch and . with iwhom you 
were on better -terms than you 
appear to be with your present, 

:After ensuring the availability 
of cash for “bargains”, which 
could include ' new issbev 
analyse your objectives in the’ 
light of current tak legislation. , 
There are . four ; : important 
changes which come into effect 

•- First comes - the full 
abolition of bond washing for ' 
portfolios with a nominal (or 
face) value of more than £5,000 
from February 28. If your gilt of. 
fixed interest stocks do not 
exceed -this* amounV any gains 
you make. on. sale or maturity 
after that- date -will stiH be 
dassed as capital gain; and not 
subject to the accrued (taxable) 
income rules. . . r , : 

• Second, if you have 
local authority bonds, in ycnir 
portfolio and are a basic rate 
taxpayer, your interest pay- 
ments on the bonds rise mom 
April 1986. 

From that .date;' interest. -will 
be paid, like building society 
interest, after composite rate tax 
has been deducted at 25 'per 
cent Also ' as with building 
societies, any tax paid cannot be 
reclaimed, so non-taxpayers 
should no longer invest in local 
authority bonds, but go for 
National Savings in its various 
forms - NSB Investment 
Account, Income and Deposit 
Bonds, and gilts -through the' 
National Savings Stock Regis- 

There all pay int er est or 
dividends gross, without deduc- 
tion of basic rate tax. Alternati- 
vely, you can pul your, money 
offshore in the Channel Islands 
or the Isle of Mam All the high 
street banks have Channer 

Islands or offshore subsidiaries 
offering' high interest or .money 
- market accounts. 

• a thini change beginning in 
1S86 . is that ' all butldmg 

must make returns to 
the Inland -Revenue of the net 
interest paid; or credited to 
savers where that amount 
exceeds £2,000 annually (£400 
at the high .street banks). This 
limit applies only to 1986-87 
and may be altered thereafter. 
The idea, is for easier compu- 
tation of the composite tax. ■_ 

• The fourth change- applies to 
gpts. qualifying corporate 
bonds. From July 2. disposal of 
all such securities will be 
entirely free of capital gains tax 
up to tiie aiv” ig i (£5,900) and longer have to be held 
for more a year to qualify 
■for thisexemption- 

Q ualifr in g corporate bonds 
are defined in Section 64 of the 
1984 Finance Act, - which refers 
to . Section - 82 (3) (b) and 

Have a fallback in case 
. : of emergency • 

“includes any loan -stock or 
similar security whether of the 
.United : Kingdom or of any 
other Government or of any 
pubfic or local authority in the 
United Kingdom, or elsewhere, 
or of any company whether 
'secured or unsecured”. ... 

Examples are Birmingham 
-113 per cent .2012 (local 
authority stbek), BAT 12.5. per'' 
cent 2003-08 (corporation loan 
stock). New' Zealand - 1 1.5 per 
cent 2014 (quoted “bulldog”). 

They are ;. bought, through 
stockbrokers with, the com- 
mission charged on corporation 
stock as debentures (0.9 per cent 
on the first £5,060, 0.45 per cent 
on the next £4,500) but payable 
bn settlement day while local 
authorities stock (charged as 
short gifts 0.8 per cent on the 
first £2,500, 0;i25T«r pent on 
the-next £1 5,000) is payable as a 
cash transaction. 

- With these four changes in 
mind, the investment strategy 
for 1986 would appear to be as 
follows: the 'introduction of a 
gilt or fixed interest element 
into your portfolio to get any 
tax-free capital gain there may 
be around; always to have a 
fallback of cash, not only, for the 
odd emergency .', but -. for new 
issues and other “bargains?, 
and, as. the last refuge for the 
non-taxpayers, to take up one of 
the National Savings ofiraings. 

Jennie Hawthorne 

Year ended 

















£ 10,000 














NOTES AB ncofne figures shown are net d base -rate tax. 

The BuMng Society ncome figures are Vfff, above the average of I 
-offered in each year (source: BudttngSoaebesAssoaaton). 

M&G Da/idend capital figures are afl reafca&on values. "Estimated. 

Balanced fcU-W ! 

P/&G Recovery Fund is probably the most successful unit trust ever 
launched and the table below shows just how well It has achieved its aim 
of capital growth. The Fund buys the shares of companies which have 
fallen on hard times. Losses must be expected when a company fails to 
recover but the effect of a tumround can be dramatic 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLEVabe of £0,000 invested at the launch 
o) M&G Recovery Fund on 23rd May 1969, with net income reinvested. 

: 11058 

NOTES All figures include reinvested mcoma net of twsc-rate tax. 

rne BujUmg Society figures are based on an extra nferest account olTemgltaK 

ajwe the average yeartvrate (scuice- Budding Societies Association). 

MAG Recover/ hgures are all imloaticn values. 

FUK7HE3 INFORMATION On lsl January 1386 offered 
prices and eshmated gross arrent yields were 

„ _ ^ Income Accumulation Yield 

Rscovery Fund 279-9pxd 358^p 3-75% 

DWdenaFiind 345-4pxd S97-9n 554% 

SECOND General S9S-4pxd 1167 4? 3-99% ■ 

Piices ar.d ywlds appear m the Financial Times. The | 
chierertce between the offered* price (at wtwh you buy units) a ™as* mv 
and the bid* price U which you sell) is normally 6%. An iratial I * each Fui 
charge of 5% is included bi the oftered price and 3t> annual ■ Accurmilab 
charge of up to i ■■ of tech Fund’s value - currently VA - plus 

M&G SECOM) General Trust Fund aims for consistent growth of both 
capital and income and has a 29-year performance record which is 
second to none, it has a wide spread of shares mainly in British 

I COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. Value of £10000 invested at the 1 

launch of M&G SECOND General on 5th June. 1956. with net income reuwested. 














mm \ 

5 June '56 £10,000 £10,000 

1960 19620 20,080 

1965 31^20 26230 

1970 46^80 30540 

1975 79640 39,620 

195^400 61,600 

546^00 176240 















AS appBcatfons received by 5th April, 1986 will be given an extra 1% affocation of units. 
This wffl increase to 2% far applications of £10500 or more per Raid. 

Please invest thesumfs) indicated be!ow intheFund(s) of my choice (mkibnum investment 
in each Fund:£L000] in MXUMULATKXI/tNCOiffi units (delete as apftoble or 
Accunuilation units w3 be issued for Recovery and SECOND and Income unft will be issued for 
at the price niBne on recent of this aortcation. DO NOT SEND ANY MONEY. 

r 1 mr' 7 r~\ 

You can buy or sell units on any business day Contracts for 

*** # iU iai*ll ha Him far ooftiamdiTt twi In fhraa lufutL* . 

available on reauest The Trustee for Dividend land ^ornery is 
Bar daysBankTrustCo. Limited and for SECOND isLfdyrisBank 
Pfc. The Funds are aS wider/anae investmerts aw are 
authorised by the Secretary of Slate for Trade and Indifiby . 
^GSmffitiesUmd^ Three Quays, Tower to, 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01-626 458S. 

Member of the Umt Trust Association. 

Now you can take complete control over the manage- 
ment of your unit trusts with our expert help. . 

TBb ve developed a sophisticated portfolio management 
system which allows you to monitor every aspect of your 
investment perfor man ce as dosely as yoa wih. 


One phone call from you, on a priority line, gets you 
straight through to our experts. Uring-the latest computer - 
technology they can give you up to the- minute valuations of 
the whole of your unit trust portfolio (including holdings - 
with other management groups) with geographic sector ; - 
breakdowns and current yield. They 11 also give you r . 
confidential, personal and pertinent advice on how you 
should manage yirar Pint trusts, which countries Fidelity’s 
investment experts farouiv when to switch, and when to add, 
or reduce, holdings- 

Needless to say the advice. we give is based on 
Fidelity's long experience of managing unit trusts. Hie sort 
of experience that has made os one of the top performing 
unit trust management groups inthe country. 

4 X x V; Vy:/; XXX /: yiy;v:' 


; "Aifiidlj* advice we aho provide half-yearly printed 
valuations posted directly to your home, a special dealing 
service, four cost , switchh^ discounts and a quarterly invest- 
meat commentary. . 

- All in alT an essential service for anyone who wants 
pester control over their investments and better advice on 
bow to maxrause their investment return. It is available to 
anybody who curr^tly has invested, or intends to invest, 
£7500 nr more in Fiddily mat trusts. ISba could sav the 
service fa invaluable -only ith free. - - 

: • CALLUS WQV , : 

Mag mire ^caent md hopefully more profitable for too. 


^ ifoo™ Z od 

Fidelity International 

. Tonbridge, KentTW ^ 

I®-/ i 

& . i • 
f." - 

I H :• 






V r 


• \t.N 

. Vis. . 

• l:v\ 

‘:z -p-JU 

. J jj v 

-r s.-.;c 

•-* vw 

JC ' : in[j5. 

r ?>n i.. " 


Protection package 
that eases thecost 

of family travelling 

this wera, and 

The TravaT Protection Plan 1986, and it 
provides more or less standard levels of 

Wb compared it tothepoScy recommended - 
by the Association of BritishTravef Agents 1 
(ABTA) which is caBed SupersuroPlus. 

premiums for children under 16offeredby 
the Travel Protection Plan-1986 means that 
famffies should generafly get cheaper cow ■ 
with the new policy. 

cover of up to £500.000, but in common 
with almost afl package msursmce 
poTides the ban gage and personal effects 
cover is Gmited.Wrth TPPyou get ovpcaR 
cover of £800 and a single Item Smltdf i 

out for the fact that the small print &&&- ( 

whole host of items - such as jewellery, 
watches, cameras, for example, where -the 
maximum payout for toss or damage to ad! 
oMhese Items cofiedivdysfirrateJto 

if you are taking valuable items awaywith 
you check to see that they are adequately 
covered -generally either through 1 

imfividual insurance orthe aB-risks section 
of your household podcv. HoRdav backaoa 

: 4m£D£&BmSN8TA 

The Travef Protection Plan 1986 is auaBabfe 
tfirough some, but not aH, travel agents and 
dfreotrrom the brokers Crispin Speere and 
Partners. 41 Crotched Friars, London EC3 
(tel: 01 -480 5083). 

Glittering trio from 
the Britannia 

■ Britannia Building Society has 
announced changes in some of Its higher 
interest earning accounts. The old 7-day 
and 60-day noBde accounts andthe 1-year 
term share account will dose on January 
11. They are to be replaced on Januay i3 . 
by three instant access Sold accounts -- 
offering siightiy better interest for higher 
minimum investments. - 

The best of the three wiB be Trident Super 
Gofd, offering a net rate of 9.8 per cant on a 
minimum balance of £1 0,000. The best rate 
offered from the accounts being dosed was 
9.5 per cent However, the minimum 
balance required was only £500. 

Investors with only £250 to £50OwBt not 
benefit from the change -the new Trident 
Gold account win offer them the same 9S£5 
per cent as holders of the. 7-day account . 
enjoy. But if you have a large Investment to 

Hot for holiday cash 

■ Times are oa 
we used to save 

urging. Years ago 
in a buflcting - , 

holidays. But the competition kx our money 
is hotting up, and while Thomas Cook and 
Lunn Poly have beenrmninghoSdaycrBfflt 
arrangements for some time the latest • 
scheme from tiiellkeston Consumer Co- 
operative Society looks a bad buy. 

Your borrowing fimit wfth 9»4Bcsston is a 
. multiple of ten tsnes the amount you 
choose to repay each month, but the 

interest rats of 225oer cent per month 
works out to an APR of 30.6 per cent - 

with some of the “in house” credit cards. 

Healthy bonus rate 

■ A heafthy increase In terminal bonus 
rates was announced thie week bythe 
General Accident Life Assurance. The net 

attaching bonuses for post-1981 fife 
poScies, compared win 55 per cent 
announced by the company at the end of 
test year. Pension policy rates are 
increased from 40 percent to SO per cent 
for the same period, whBe increases of up 
to 63 per cent were seen on some pre-198 
Ms policies. % * 

Norman Graham, general manner of 
Genera! Accident Life, says J flne 
investment performance* enables the 

, We recently praised.lhe BaSfax for 
producing some information leaflets in 

group laftguagee. Bradford and - 
Btngtey BuBiflng Society has reminded us 
tfiatil has been producing one in a number 
gf Asian languages since June 1984, and 

any of these accounts you should consider 
moving to Super Gold -funds are not 
'transferred automatically in cases Bke this. 

.fite name’s tend. 

' IRwl income ata&ne of tittle orno 
mnatlon has its charms tor those dependent 
-on Income from investments to pay the bffls. 
And although buScPng societies are offering 
between 9 and 10 per cent net of Income 
tax cm extra interest accounts, this could 
come down at any time. Guaranteed 
. income bonds could be the answer and. 
financial adviser Chase de Vera has one 
and two year bondspayfng 9.7 percent net 
of basic rate tax. Minkmtrn investment is 
£1 .000. Details from Chase cte Vara on 01- 

combined with “the exceptional strength of 
our reserves". 

BES at a glance 

P The BES Magezlne M its January issua 
includes some useful pages on carton 
detafis and ramffteatioris of the raiment 
BES legistlation. Editor John Harrison says 
he hopes “this will stimulate further 
evaluation of ttie merits and also certain 
shortcomings which stffl make the BES less 
effective than It dwarves to be". 

If you want to takeout a subscription to the 
magaane it wiB coat you £49 a year ter 12 has the merit of prorim Mdetafled 
summaries of a broad range of BtS Issues. 
However/the magazine judged on the 
issues to date, rarely contains tfrect 
crtfWsm of particular BES issues where it is 
merited. If wfl not tatt you cflrectiy which 
BES issues you should avoid. Detais frwn 
the^xjbfishers. Private Investor 
Pubfications. 1-3 Benv Street, London 
EC1V 0AA (Tat 01 -60s 1036). 

Aitkeh’s new banner 

■ FOrAittoen Hume read SentirteL This is 
. the message for those unit trusts and other 
funds managed under the banner of Aitken 
Hume Funds Management. These In future 
wffl bear the name Sentinel, reflecting the 
acquisition of the Senftoel Insurance 
Company in November 1985 by Aitken 

Two of the unit trusts in this stable are 
broadening out "to make these funds less 
speculative" -the Amerofan Technology 
and the Japanese Technology trusts are 
being given a "and General suffix to 
reflect the wider outlook that the trusts wffl 

A 1 per cent discount on afi the unit trusts is 
offered “to marie the oocas Ion of the name 
change". Potential investors should bear in 
mind, however, that none of the Aitken 
Hume unit trusts reached the top ten of any 
sector, acconSng to the one year figures we 
published last week. . , 

The consumers’ banker 

■ If you have a complaint against a bank 
which you cannot resolve, even at head 
office level, then the Banking Ombudsman,' 
tan Edwards-Jones QC, maw bathe man for 
yotL The Office of the Banking Ombudsmen 
became operational this week and wffl 
investigate complaints from ffKflvkluals 
concerning the provision of personal 
bartktng services by a number of banks. 

Bear in mind that it is reaDy only fresh 
complaints - those arising on or after 
January 1,1986 -that the Banking 
Ombudsman wffl consider, and you must 
hays fried your complaint at the bank's 
head office before tumkig to the 

Detafis, Inducting advice on whetiier you ted 
withm the scheme, from The Office dr the 
Banking Ombudsman, Citadel House, 5/11 
Fetor Lane, London, EC4A 1BR. 

Ed w a r ds- Jones: Advice you can bank on 

Cannon takes aim 

■ A new participant in the mortgage 
market has emerged In the form of Cannon 
Assurance, which is offering mortgages of 
between £15,000 to £130,000 at 12.75 per 
cent (APR 13.6 percent!. No differentials or 
arra n gemen t fees, and bans wffl be up to 
95 per cent of the property's valuation in 
certain cases. The new mortgage business 
is being carried out by CL Mortgages and 
further detafis are avafiable from CL at 1 
Olympic Way. Wembley. Middlesex HAS 

Winners post© haste 

■ Now that the dosing date for entries to 
me £2,500 Tfrnea-Hffl Samuel Young 
Financia l Writer of the Year Competition 
has passed, oar Judges can get down to 
the serious task of reacting and evaluating 
your entries. Incidentally, as a concession 
to the vagaries of the Christmas post we 
have doodad to accept receipt of entries 
bearings Post Office frank dated on or 
before December 31. The date of 
pubticatton of the winning entries wfll be 
announced shortly. 

Thh atortismerua not an invitation to subscribe fotorpurdme any shares 

Hoskins Brewery PLC 

Offer for subscription 
under (he Business Expansion Scheme 

Sponsored by Oceana Asset Management Ltd. 

Tax relief available for 19115/6 

Closing date of 10 January 1986 

Should you have any questions or REQUIRE FURTHER COPIES 
please contact John Corrigan on 01-588 7262 or Richard Eilert on 098 683 321 

This adver ti seme n t is issnod in compliance with the Regulations of The Stock Exchange. 



/tal Building Society 

(Incorporated in England under the Budding Societies Act 1874) 

Placing of £2(MMMy)00 12 per cent Bonds 
due 12th January 1987 

Listing for the bonds has been granted by the Council of The Stock Exchange. Listing 
Particulars in relation to The Nationwide Budding Society are available in the Extel 
Statistical Services.- Copies may be collected from Companies Announcements Office. 
PO. Box No. 119, The Stock Exchange, London EC2P 2BT until 7th January 1986 and 
until 20th January 1986 from: - 

Fulton Packshaw Ltd., 
34-40 Ludgate H31, 
London EC4M7JT 

Laurie, Milbank & Co., Rowe & Pitman, 
Portland House, 1 Finsbury Avenue 

72/73 Basin ghalj Street, London EC2M 2PA 

London ECZV 5DP 

4th January 1986 

££■ p 
S v c.*^ 

... It 

From M. A. Truman, The 
Crossways, Heston, Hounslow, 

of cours e, ha ve been far more 
than the CTT raved. 

It is also worrying how many 

I tia.e followed with interest the PMple beJ«Te these scha ne^ .o 
various references to inheritance J*^J2**J 
frost CTT schemes in recent gSfWhe^SEL: 
issues of Family Money, since ****** "* *“***““»»■ 

Ul rxiuur inoucj, wire , y.. 

as a tax adviser ! hive grown 
increasingly woiTied about the 

nanAovS dtefe who are raid ^ a V, ocatcd * 

ffie scheme is generally some 5 

£*** per cent Tess^ftanthe cash 

* torested - how else conidX 
aremnstancra*. . comnanies.nay the commissions 

As an experiment; l ashed th^ do* ' 


Exhibition rise to 

smtsA tt* a^ Taiwt i l Ga i to Taxcharge; a^d 

no -risk of Revenue 
of bhto^hip sharea^nrtne mid- durikme, is Iftely to be ^less fir 
196 0s- and had hdd cm to . tpulsfar^Trf more than 

ever since. r \y~ transfer^ 

Almost iriftmtf exception j»robaWy d»ap«ar 

these advisers, inrinding ^veiy.ito^rimpiy. make- use of arnival 
welt-known nenfijut baiws ana- iexemptteiis and ^ft the cash or 
fife assnraace cpm p anips , - s h a res mf ritftt .- 'v _ . 

rested an inheritance trtSt-m 1 - My. understanding of the 
Sisomnted gift scheme, whdreas Ibevenoe's podtthm is that they 
in fact the Capital Gafns Tax are^ in. ' a. ralfier le&orriy 
payable on sodi a portfolio in manner, taking .some of the 
going into sneh-a serine vroedd, .aaxlmr and ]mst acceptable of 

the schemes to the Special 
- Commissioners, and then prob- 
ably on to court. 

~ The danger is that, in giving 
j»i pn*iii on fi 1 * more dnldoos 
schemes, the courts will make 

p^n ffimrpmput y rtat akn affect 

the schemes still being - mar- 

-JSstates which have already 
been agreed are unlikely to be 
reopened, but the estates of 
those who die after any such 
judicial pronouncement will be 
decided in accordance with, it, 
;.even though the scheme may 
have been affected several years 
ago.- ’• 

Anyone Who . thinks that the 
kwenne would not be so unfair 
shoold talk to 1 the nsfortnaate 
purchasers ' of Capital Gains 
Tax sch e mes in the mid-1970s, 
trim novr find that after the 
j Ramsay and Fvrniss decisions 
their capital -losses are not 
worth the paper they were 
mapuracfmefl on, aid all they 
have left is file- hole , in their 
bank account made by the-very 
snbstantial fees ' that -die 
scheme’s promoters , charged 

. Lazard Brothers We laiuplKd theif 
Fifth Development Capital Fund — ’ , 
the final fund in the 85/86 tax year — 
to enable investors to take advantage 
of further investment opportunities^ 

The Fund's investment policy and 
the tax concessions of the BES together 
provide an outstanding investment 
opportunity for-higher rate taxpayers. . ; 

Three of the four previous Lazard 

: :pyersubkaibed and ifyou intend toin vest 
m the Fifth BES Fund during this tax year 
You should act yvitbout delay to avoid 
(fisappenntment. ■ 

Total funds raised by Lazard Brothers 
under theBESnowexmd£14million — 
the largest amount by any manager of 
ApprovedBESFunds —and investments 
have been made in 30 companies. 




- 1. TTifu mn tinnhtg flow oflnglt quality investment proposals received 
.• bythe managers 

2. The ability of the managers to select investments considered to 
- . possess both growth potential and security 

3. The commercial^xperience of the managers 

4. The managers’ involvement in monitoring companies 
whichxs designed to reduce the riak^ ofTosses 

5. Thewril balanced spread of investments 

6. Long-term plans for realisation of investments 

The minimu m subscription level has now been exceeded. . 

The application fist may be closed at any time, up to and including 
15 Jannary 1986, at the managers’ discretion. - 

Lazard Brothers & Co., Limited 

For a copy of the memorandum, po am aam mmm mb mb mb mr mb 

the basis of which alone applications I ■ _ • . , 

can be made, please telephone Jane ■ p ^ L,m, " d ' ■ 

Lamont on D1-5S8 2721 or send this I 21 Moorfields. London ECL.P2HT 

coupon to 21 Moorfields 1 _L6ndon . I Please. send mei Mcmorandnm on 
EC2P2HT ...s’ .. -1. * ' The Fifth Lazard Development Capital Fund 

Investment in unquoted rampames j . . 

carries higher risks as well as the chance . — ■ ‘ • 

.of higher rewards. / ■ J Address; ' - ' — 1_ 

. Ttomiranuirn sobscrip^onii. . i . r- > . ~ ; 'I •' ' 1 

£2;0Q0. andthe maxtoum subscrlprioa 1 " [ 

is£4Oi<J00L ; :.. . I T.... u- -■ .-Postcode-;^ _ 



■qnal growth, an 

gives vMdieedae. 

/ i Finding an international growth 
tn^t that promises you the earth 
.isn't difficult. 

'.Finding one that delivers. Is. 

{Successful International invest 
m^it iaft as simple as some people 
seem to think. It demands more 
than just good intentions and 
impressive promises - it calls tor 
on-the-spot contacts in the world's 
most important financial centres, 
round-the-clock market information 
and the ability to recognise and 
gratsp the best opportunities as 
they arise. 

It calls for the breadth of inter- 
national contacts and the depth of 
worldwide resources that the new 
Global Growth TVust from Scimitar 

. There's nothing dramatically 
different about the aim of the trust: 
to achieve high and increasing 
capita] growth by investing in a 
carefilliy-selected portfolio of top- 
pertoiming international stocks and 

So what makes it so special? 

Scimitar does. 

As the new investment manage- 
ment division of The Standard 
Chartered Group, Scimitar is hacked 
by the experience and expertise of 
one of the largest, most successful 
add broad-based financial 
institutions in thb world with 

access to a glo 

network of resources 

other unit trust 

agers dream about. 

Scimitar has als 

managed to attract some 

of the most talented and 

respected professionals in the 

business to its fund manage- 

ment team - and the result Is 

opportunity that no serious 

investor can afford to ignore. 

In a unit trust the price of 

units can go down as well as up. 

But with Scimitar's contacts, 

experience and outlook behind you. 

investing in the Scimitar Global 

Growth Tftist could prove to be on 

of the most profitable moves you've 

ever made. 

Sharpen up your investment 

prospects today - complete and 

return the coupon 

General Information 

Contraa note wffl to issoed 6y rrtnn. Cenacaics wa be 
tesorf appnotmaufy 4 wete taiec ARer 1 fih Janoay 1 9®> 
te daBy prtcesand jkiJ wffl be pubfefcd h leafing rational wra- 
pappjs. Maaa&rt Srimiiar Asset Mnnaennrc* mn n r d. 

BBSeenje tool Bank of ScoUadpte. 
daises An bdtfcd ctaige of 5% Is IndwM la Hie OUtePilre oTthe 
anils, ttercafier 1% per araim (+^ WT| of ite Funds irfuc. be 

deducted ftom Uic ItesiH iqondc. The Ttat ifced allow fora 
nmlmum charge nr 2% perammm; die naweers will she unit 
boklerc at less iftree «wter wrtiua ooiice of aqr change. 

Settnc Ljzfts UjAs may be sold badi to xs tudaeas ties at ibe bW 
price nling on reddpioflnsuiiciloiSL A cheque flip paynem util 
ponnalfr be 6eot oUMb 7 dsjs rf recent oTa lanmnd eatlflcae. 
CoamtssiaB Pbjabfc to bsennafiatta. Itoes mUsNe on reqwst. 
loam tUsataMkm Ksatoatas wfl to madEa 3Mi Jnne tod 
3Isl December, towslmentswade Bwwlllqpial®' t* 1 ** arA 
(Bsaftutioo m 30tb Jrae 1988. 

00^33-38 Graxdmi] Slot Lood® BC3V UX. 
fegfetered In En^md Xa 1839037 (Loudon). 

AUtoosed t&r DqwtQHa^frade aad ktdnsto 
fiktnberof7teNailoraAtooctatkinorSeaiiByDwfrn8Ddj *■' 
to BBBWriftB i ga. ... . . 

A V:‘, 


lAfe wish to inveslt 

(minim um investment £500) In the 
Scimitar Global Growth Trust Income/ 
accumulation units* at the launch 
price of 25p per unit, which will Include 
a bonus of 19b extra units for the launch 
period, which runs from 28 th December 
1985 until 17th January 1986. Please 
make cheques payable to: Scimitar Asset 
Management Limited, 

Scimitar Asset Management Limited. 
■telephone: 01-623 5776/5763. 

The offer is notavailable to 
residents of the Republic oflreland. 
Details oT all applicants. 


Surname: Mri Mrs/ Miss 

First names: (in fall)- 

Address: (In full). 


latnAVfeareover 18. 

in the casern joint applicants, an must s 

For details of the SMar Share Exchange 
| l Scheme, please tick. (_J 

I . -Drtec'as apprt^ftat. KdUob d bone nflls «1U recche Wlw 
wartv pawnrnt& HoSdefs ofneemnufation units tew IW WW 
Trhnntfd Iff to doH pitfctoa Is ladlcaaL accaandaUia uUW*W 
aaonailcaBj be Issued-L . 



| Scimitar Asset Management Limited 

i Standard ^Chartered 




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Much . greater selectivity & 
required is the wiite-iuvestment 
market ibis year beqaeseof the 
large slocks; of fine wine that, 
have been attracted - to ,tbe 
market, but which aai^not 
matched by current demand. ■> 

American investors. witirtjig 
portfolios of quality.; daret, 
conscious of the lower -yalhe . of 
the US dollar, have even, been - 
sending. wines, back across, the. 

Atlantic for sate. 

The year: ended oxr^-irigh 
note ' for Christie’s, not- only 
through sealing on Deooziber5 
a bottle of ,1787 “Lafitte”, 
engraved with Thomas Jeffer- 
son's initials, which at.£l£&000 

made a world record for a single 

bottle of wine. UK sales for 
Christie’s -are up 32:-per r oeht at: 

£6.5. million, compared 'with 
£4.9 million in 1984. Its world 
wine sales amounted to more, 
than £8.28" million' (£6.07 
mini on in. 1984).- Only -8- per 
cent of lots foiled to meet 
reserve. * 

Christie’s held 43 sales in die. 

UK, including two in Scotland, 
and nine overseas. The value of 
the average lot has risen by 29 
per cent, &bm.£289 lo£373u : 

Sotheby’s wine . department- 
held 23 sales -including* two in 

Sussex and one in Chester, at a Tarte rtfwrferHnn' n 

sale value of £2.48 million' : ■ 

.S 1 'Zn). &0m 1934 ’ S Rochrt. Ktrus end Pox.trt .rc 

David ._ Molyneux-Berry, ovei Pnce<L .. • - -- 

master of wine and head oil The strengthening, pnee of 
Sotheby’s -Wine side, says prices Ausone is confirmed by the 
have stabilized Over the -past- demand for 1982 darets in 

V -v . 

; ..yy 




t VW - .jj*- * ’ 





Current account - no interest paid. 
Deposit accounts - seven days, 
notice required lor withdrawals. 
Barclays 5.75 par cent, Uoyds 5.75 
per cent Midland 5.75 per cent 
NatWest 5.75 per cent. National 
Girobank 6 per cent Fixed term 
deposits £10,000-224,999, 1 month 
8.125 per cam, 3 months 8.125 par 
cent 8 months 8.125 per cent 
National Westminster. 1 month 
785 per cert, 3 months 7.76 per 
cent 6 months 7.66 per cent; 
MK Band. Other banks may differ. 


to! 2«S 394 Bit 0705527733 

war £10.000 822 IM 0705 227733 

TaBst&RlaycsS 828 854 512360952 

T3R7dsy _ 343 380 012350952 

Tynttleafl 824 8.81 0272732241 

TyndeI7dfly 825 851 0272732241 

Ifflridsy 8.12 857 016284681 

Western trust 

s&_ .. 







firontniy ft 




81 6386070 




Barclays Higher Hats 

oeposa account 
£1 .00049.999 




£1 0.000 &CVW 




OatvAflencai ^ 






Uooey UkLPha 



01748 9251 



01238 8391 


Chaqua AceauiL 



01 638 5757 

Uoyds MCA 






01 5254563 





0742 20999 

£10.000 & over 











£18.000 4 OW 852 851 01 726 1000 

; Teste of perfection: Duncan McEnen of Qnistie’s and some Classic Vintages 

Rochet, Fitrus and Pontet pre vintages - like 1971, 1975 and says: “The 1967 is good . and 

overpriced. 1976 are “in a vacuum” underrated.” Like the forward 

sex ^ *” fflorc ifflff.'S’sspBFS 

“ 5 !-■»- - SSTR 

geueraL - Duncan McEnen of star of file -auction room and i fte t <, nm i „ 

(uxMr £10500 822 MS 01 2383362 

ow £10500 851 855 D123S9362 

S&PCata/c 310 843 070866568 

Imonm 332 864 0752 281161 
CNAfl - Companded Not Annual Rate. 
Figures are etc latest avadaota a b» time of 
gang to press. 

National Savings Bank 
Ordinary accounts - If a minimum 
balance of £100 maintained fer 
whole of 1985, 6 per cent interest 
p.a. for each complete month in 
which balance is over £500. 
otherwise 3 per cant Investment 
Account - 11.5 per cent interest 
paid without deduction of tax, one 
months notice of withdrawal, 
maximum investment £50,000. 

National Savings Income Bond 
Min. investment £2,000 - max. 
£50,000. interest - 12 per cent 
variable at six weeks notice paid 
monthly without deduction of tax. 
Repayment at 3 months* notice. 
Penalties in first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 

Start rate monthly income- for first 
year. 8 per cent, increased at end 
of each year to match increase in' 
prices as measured by Retail 
Prices Index. Cash value remains 
the same. Income taxable, paid 
gross. Three months notice of 
withdrawal Minimum investment 
£5.000, in multiples of £1.000, 
maximum £50,000. 

National Savings 3rd index-linked 

Maximum' investment £5,000, 
excluding holdings of other issues. 
Return tax-free arid Bilked to 
changes in the retail price index 
Supplement of 2J> per cent in the. 
first year; -2.75 per - cent in the 
second year; 3.25 per cent In the 

I MU.. 


aw Ear 

- fmj— 

third year, 4 per cent in the fourth 
year and 5.2S per cent in the fifth 
year. Value of Retirement Issue 
Certificates purchased in Decem- 
ber 1880, £153.20 including bonus 
and supplement 

November RPi 378 A 
(The new RPI figure is not 
announced until the third week of 
the following month). 

National Savings Certificates 
31st issue. Return totally free of 
income and capital gains tax, 
equivalent to an annual interest 
rate over the five-year term of 7.85 
per cent, maximum Investment 

National Savings Yearly Plan 
A one year regular savings plan 
converting into four-year savings 
certificates. Minimum £20, Maxi- 
mum £200 a month. Return over 
five years 8.1 9 per cant - tax free. 
National Savings Deposit Bond 
Minimum Investment £100 maxi- 
mum £50,000. Interest 12 per cent 

'veriabte et six weeks notice 
credited annually without deduction 
of tax. Repayment at three months 
notice. Half interest only paid cn 
bonds repaid during first year. 

Guaranteed Income Bonds 
Return paid net of basic rata fox, 
higher rate taxpayers may have - , a 
hither liability on maturity. ~ 
l£,3,4yrs. General Portfolio Sfl? 
per cent. 5yrs New Direction 
Finance 9.1 percent 

Local authority town hall bonds 
Fixed term, fixed rate investments, 
interest quoted gross (basic rats 
tax deducted et source recfsimaWe 
by non-taxpayers until April 1983. 
when CRT becomes payable), i yr 
Mosely 7.5 per cent, min invest- 
ment £1,000: 2 yrs Kirkless 8 per 
cent, min investment £500; 3-7 yrs 
Edinburgh, 8 per cant, mm 
investment £500; 8-10 yrs Thame- 
side. 7 per cent, min investment 
£500. Further details available from 
Chartered Institute of Public, 
Finance 8 Accountancy. Loans 
Bureau (01-638 6361 between 
10am and 2.30pm) see also Prestei 
no 24808. 

Building societies 
Ordinary share accounts - 7.00 per 
cent Extra Interest accounts 
usually pay 1 to 2 per cent over the 
ordinary share rate. Rates quoted 
above are those most commonly 
offered. Individual building 
societies may quete different rate*. 
Interest on all accounts paid net of 
basic rate tax. Not reclaimable by 

Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschild's Old 
Court Inti. Reserves 0481 25741. 
Seven days notice is required Tor 
withdrawal and no charge is made 
for switching currencies. 

10.68 par com 

121 parana 
7.13 par cor.: 
984 per ecu 
7 70 careen: 

Pencil Franc 
Swiss Franc 

few months, “creating, a good general. Duncan McEnen of star of the -auction room and ] OS t *aoneaL movine to a 
opportunity to stock up’VIn its Christie’s says:.,“StEmiKori and looks set to continue, purlieu- dicarir^inw fTMvhdn l 
sale on January 22, .there .arc- Pomeral hqve spearheaded 'the Iariy fin- 1982 and 1983 doze7hott]efeveL°^ W 

several quality 1970 parrels of demand V for particntoCfy vintages. Look for top Meur- 

note such as IS dozen bottles o£ foshionaM e chiteanx such as -La sanlt, Cdrton- ^hariemi^ae «n<f The major 1986 rise, in 

Chateau: La tour, 32 dozen Co ns e flta nte-' and- La Flew- both Mantrachet and. Chevalier- vintage port will sorely be. in 

bottles of Ch&teau Monton- Pfitrus.” Indeed, AusOniEf ;19$2 MontrachCL 

sold, for £1.050 for six magnums. 

„ . -r* • recently and jumped fo the last «_ 

Growing demand for fortnight to £3,600 for three The *7 

the 1982 clarets ! double ma g nums . . . -show 

Ro thschil d both estimated as in 

For the first tixtie. '$p«heby , s 
is offering the . 1983 T daret 

fqntrachet " 1970s (now about £200) and the 

• ■ 1977s. It -is well worth com par- 

The ’70s ports will - 

-show biggest rise • idea for the New Year is to lake 

. m OUt annual subscriptions for the. 

. ^ leading houses' , lists such as 

' Rhdhe and Madeira are both' Sotheby's at £29 and Christie’s' 

7 vinttiee on Jimuarv 77 Nihi* ruionc ana naaaeira air ooin botnefi 

S & mov^ihto promin^ce. Only at £38. 

to £820 and £780 respectively a 
vear ago and 10 dozen bottles of 
Chateau Palmer at £500^600/ 

Michael Egan, also of Sotho- ■ SJ5 . 


a short time ago merchants were. 

o&ring Hermitage La Chapelle j . Becaurewine investors find it 

Bages' (£120-£i60), ' Cheval 

ijoj-ior arouao uu, oui n sota -iT 

at Christie's on November 28 f®. of stock the 

fo fov^torfS^acaseindiity. - 
their good vintages aie Ausone^ - Wine companies - operating 

%&**>***+ ». s 

. T *r e . pre-sale tuigting s immediately 

Solem^aicvmttgMadar,. Its firs o2- 

(Wbrtantially bdow - Cheval-' unde^ the Business. Expansion, are attracting similar atteilioii. 

Blanc, a fellow “first great": Schdme' Wifl continue to be - • Wl “ be of Bordeaux wines -on 

growth^ * of the'. St Emilion - evident rn the saleroom in 'view. The vintage port market is January .16 with h teshng ftcun 
district), Pope-demeni from > of the legislatiw requiremait to' steady. The 1963'is firm at 9.45 am to 10.45 am for an- Il v 
the Pewac district, of rXiravtaC tradn MtMcEuen expects 1978 Tibout£320 a pase and fooiftl be am sale start. • 
and nipst of the third andforirth and 1979 darets to sell above W4 The, 1966 is popular and • . • t ‘ 

growths. Mr says Lafon-. fob rate of inflation but older tiiort on -stocks. Mr bfoEuen . ~ - ConHl LrregOTy 

Vidt Thist Managers of the year ‘ 

'.7. Over the y^r, every angle Perpetual Fund has moved into 
the Mack.. .Over the last 12 -months, the Perpetual Funds have average weighted performance of27.7 per cent... 



Few stars In ti^ vrarid ranldfeg / . ■ ‘ ~ ■ 

...Perpetual Croup Growth Fund bow renzrced Perpetual 
International Growth Fund also features consistently amcJng 
the best perfonners. 

t'; 22/0%. 

n'fi /1 novf 7 " Send far advance detail «f 
... 0.1 1U. liCAl • Ptrpetuali new Fund. ... 
To; fcrpeiusl Giuup. Hail Stiect. Hetdeyon-Thama. Oxoo RG9 2AJL 
TH HenkywThtmes (UWl)57hS6K. 

fofernational Growth Fund 
The top authorised fund . . 
over the eleven yeaeperiod 
tb the 3Jst December,!^ - 

tocoaKFond The top income ‘ 1 
fond tec^rital gsww over .the 1 
' six years smpelBttitkhon. ; 3wie '.: 
1979 to31st December 1985. 1 

riMoaDSfcrti of^asw. %uduuU nancBberlharthcprefrof uriisand daineorae from ttiemrangpdonTi £ tdlanip. 











w mm m tasEal 




Wy r 

W • 

’ 1 

*' ;1 


. _ _ r.” : 1 

f-i’.r? :• 1 

. . v • - 

’•'V r A 

•j •'] III 



To quote our Investment Managers: *1986 could be a quiet year but one 
which wffl nevertheless offer profitable opportunities to those who know where 
to find them” 

. Which is why they have nominated TSB Selected Opportunities Unit Trust as 
our entry for the “Daily Telegraph°‘Uhit Trust Manages’ Competition for 1986. 

Because TSB Selected Opportunities Unit Trust is ideally placed to take advan- 
tage of every profitable opportunity which may occur throughout the coming year. 

r— T " (where there are still profits to b 

pnem bcopc TSB SELECTED OPPORTUNITIES made from the underlying 

tb nf TSB Selected UNITTRUST strenerth of our economy), and 

Wide investment scope TSB s 

The strength of TSB Selected 
Opportunities Unit Trust lies in Act 

its freedom to invest when and . .pent 
wherever the Investment 
Managers see the chance of 
making profits. " ; 

As the graph here shows, this 
aggressive and dynamic 
approach has more than paid off. 44- 
In fact, those who invested at 
the'launch in April 1982 have seen 
the value of their original invest- 
ment more than double since then. 

And now, with a proven 
strategy behind it, TSB Selected 
Opportunities Unit Trust is set to 
continue its progressive trend, 
and improve on it. 

Confidence in the year ahead 

As' we have said, our Invest- 
ment Managers expect 1986 to be quiet 
for markets as a whole. But, with their free- 
dora to invest in Europe (where the markets A 
hare been producing good returns), in the UK $ 


Mi mill i i TSB Lririt Tnitfi limited (Members ol the Unit Trust 
AuoculkMK . 

tavesmeat Muifus. Central Trustee Savings Bank Limned. 
Tmste«' General Accident t*uMi and Trustee Company Limited 
Charges: 5\ on mltial purrfcise-. thenafier V.‘ . p*. Cplus VAT1 of 
the ftrnds value, deducted From IhcTnufa incomt The Tn»t Deed 
allows for a maximum charge of l"- p-aa the Managers »iU ghe 
uniihpldera at least 5 months' wriitoi notice of any change. These 
charges are inri tided in the offer price of the units. 

Sdifig Units can be sold beds on any busines day at ihe bid 
price ndint on receipt cf rasirucUorn- Payment »ill normally be 
made ■within 7 days oi retmpt of a renounced unit certificate, 
taermediarics: Units may be purchased tniuuyh qualified 
iruermediarres to whom remuonodon Es payable at rates which are 
available on reouest. 

ftke/Ykhh Ofier price for Acoamdaticm Unite 54.4p estimated 
currcni gross yield 25' both oo December 24ih 1985. Prices and 
yield are quo«d daib- in the nauoiwt pnas. 

Income Axiheioii! May bth and Mowember 6th each tar. 
Regisered Office Keens House. Andover. Hampshire SP10 1PC 
Regjflered in Engiaml and Wales, number 1624925. 

TED OPPORTUNITIES made from the underlying 

nit trust strength of our economy), and^ 

Accumulation units offer price in internationally when they see fit, 

. pence per. unit since launch and on they believe this Trust will 

1st ol each month ■ S. produce healthy returns in 1986. 

: / And we believe it -will do well 
II in the “Daily Telegraph” Comps- 
aAJ tition, a contest in which we 
/ww hare achieved a better aggregate 

/ Y v return over three years than any 
A A/ other participating group. 

Invest today for a bonus 

A/ ' ■ • You should remember that the 

^ price of units and the income 

from them can go down as well 
as up. And you should regard 
your investment as a medium to 
• y • , . • long term one. 

x • - Nevertheless, convinced as we 

T 1 I 1 1 1 are that ours is the Trust to 

983 1985 choose for the coming year, we 

' are ottering a bonus to early investors, 
i The minimum investment in TSB Selected 
\ Opportunities Unit Trust is £250 but, if 
\ you invest £1,000 or more before January 
k \ 51st, 1986, we will add a bonus of 1% of 
> \ extra units to your holding, entirely free 
J- _ \ of charge. 

< ^ on - t dela y- Invest with us today, and 
look forward to a promising year ahead. 

\ ■ 


Bonus Application Form I’alid until January 3 1st I9S6 

a To; Fred Shaftoe. BLOCK CAPITALS 

I TSB Unit Trusts Limited, Keens House, Mr/Mra/Miss/Ms (Forenames). 
J Andover, Hampshire SPI0 IPG 

| Teh (0264) 63432/3/4 1 


TSB UnilTtusts United is cne of the most successful 
companies in is field. Turning in a cortfistemly good, 
performance, and with around £778 million under 
management spread across nmc unit trusts, it it one of the 
largest groups m rise country. 

I 'I/We wish to invest L2e i 1 Slltl , ame 

J (min. £250) in the TSB Selected . sun ‘ amc - 

I Opportunities. Unit Trust at ihe price ruling 
■ on the day of receipt of this application AdlJr 
I and u> indude a I X bonus issue or units. if 
1 l/we invest £1,000 or more by 3I.1.S6. 

1 I/We endow a cheque payable to TSB Unit 
! Trusts Limited. . — — 

I As a general rule. Accumulation Units, with 

I income reinvested, mill be issued to all 

mvesiora. If you- would prefer Income Units, - - 
. with income distributed twice yearly, please Date. 

1" tick here □ totht 

■ - For details of our Share Exchange 

Poj! Cede. 


■ - t-or details oi our snare nxenange 

f fucilkiai □ or our TSB Unkbuilder Kcgubr 

■ Savings Scheme □ lick as applicable. 

At the me of joint i.v*p/nu.wn«. si! applicant: 
flltul w'.th jnJ attach iwui ti’i-l idilras’d oji a 
separate shea cf r "^ - v”b f w » 

iiri-mi-n n V.i lire « ;.tv« ul a * 1 er mvr It ii not 
iv iff iiic ‘Jtp'jrr.i .■/ trclut.J. ... 









■ As i 

' invet 

. ber 1 

• the 
the r 

■ Serv' 
’ whic 

■ diges 



- are 

' 198* 

— the 

re mi 
by l 
in IS 






Quick cash? Not the BES way 





Company/Fund name 

Riverside Racquet Centra 
Hoskins Btswary PLC 

schemes generally; certain types 
are being examined by the 
Revenue, as potentially con- 
taining provisions in the way 

Anyone interested in underwrh- 

ing Business Expansion Scheme JJSffViSjJBS foSsF? 011 
issues should note that a call on outade the ambit of^e BES^ 

the underwriters has recently 
been made for one BES scheme. 

SSSa’SSnVSS 3 SKK«*-ra- 

!> sa s & 

£350,000. The issue was under- Branch Retirement Homes 

written and therefore the , . _ _ . 

underwriters have been called ^SSS^&lShi ^ Abe ^ By? ^ Dw - Fund 

the?ha^ed?n? e 6e6tiU tive directors ha^e invested Gladding Secured Contractors 

Chelsea Restaurants was £100*®® of their ownmoney, city Fine Art 
V.UCM**! (uauiuiduu was ^ n{Jt appear from the 

prospectus to have much Chelsea Restaurants PLC 
relevant experience. Moreover, - 
the sponsors have talon an Coa8tal RaS0ft Hole's 

Johnson Fry highlights two Zg^JffigSESSi 

for the failure, of W „p t0 June Group flc 

30-1991. . The Capital Inn Fund 

The company has outstand- 

lheir BES investment capacity, SSUSTirfS. sSStaito? 
preferring at this stage to aim 


Sponsor . 



Closing date* 

sponsored by Johnson Fry and 
is the first of the underwritten 
Johnson Fry BES issues to 
entail a call on the underwriters. 


Chelsea Restaurants to reach its 
minimum subscription level. 
First, investors are holding back 

trnvr Antocote PLC (Country CWil 
mation is given on the past i^oumry 

trading record of the dub and Thames Valley BEF 
the issue expenses are fairly 

Ftew McKenzie PLC 

for underwriting fees, and 
making their BES investment 
closer to the end of the tax year. 

Second, press comment on Meanwhile, the accompany- 
the likelihood of the Inland j ng mble shows those FFS " nw Gukiehouse Expansion Sch. 
Revenue threatening the BES opportunities still open to Minster Hotel Fund 
status of asset-backed schemes investors. Bear in mind that as Mercia Ventire Capital 
generally, has, according to ^ end of the tax year East Mercia Ventura Capital 
Johnson Fry, put many mv«s- approaches there is likely to be western Ventura Capital 

tors off. Chelsea Restaurants, in 
common with all Johnson Fry 
BES schemes, had a substantial 
element of asset-backing. 

In fact the Inland Revenue is 
not scrutinizing asset-backed 

a rush of new BES issues aimed 
at affording investors a final 
opportunity to qualify for this 
tax year's BES lax relief 

Lawrence Lever 

South Western Venture Capital 
Johnson Fry BES 
Centreway BES 



Oceana Asset Mot 

£500 - 



01-588 354T 


- LazardBros 

£2,000 j 

Cambridge Caphal 

0223 2856 





0224 631999 


Chancmy Corp Senr. 


Minister Trust 


Johnson Fry 


First IneL Corp 

01-831 2358 

Tape! Investments 







Capital Ventwus 

0242 584380 

Capital Ventures 




Matheroourt Securities 




0491 §78988 


Stock Beech & Co. 









0532 291 85 










-January 9. 1986 
January 1 0,1980 
January 14, 1986 
January IS, 1986 
January 17, 1986 
January 21 ,1986 
January 24,1988 
January 31, 1986 
January 31, 1986 
January 31 ,1988 
January 31, 1986 
February 9. 1986 

February 17. 1986 

'■March 31 .1986 
March 31,1986 
Apri 4,1986 
AprS 5, 1986 

AprS 5, 1986 
Open Ended 
Open Ended 
Open Ended 
Open Bided 
■ Open Bided 

By I>avidHands,Rugby Correspondent 
: It is a sign of rushy’s cycfieal ' playing -Rugby. Union after taking 
— ” -■ - whereas ■ Loceater part in aRngby League trial tor 

with seven playenc Leeds, a feet wtikh is not contested 
consequent disruption . but was. somewhat invidiously 

nature that 

Research: Sue Proud, The TZroas 

■Closing dates may be extended 

A firmer footing for the early leavers 

pension benefits will only apply 
to the balance over ana above 


in order to qualify for a 
preserved pension. The pre- 
New provisions aimed at vious additional requirement, 
improving the pension rights of 11181 they must also have 
early leavers are contained in reached the age of 26, will no 

the Social Security Act 1985, 
which came into force this week 
writes Lawrence Lever. They 
will increase the value of certain 
deferred or preserved pensions 
left behind by employees 
switching jobs, as well as 
widening the options available 
to them in respect of their 
accrued pension benefits. 

Under the Act, employees 
need have accumulated only 
five years pensionable service 

longer apply. 

Moreover, for certain em- 
ployees leaving employment 
after January 1, 1986, there will 
be a statutory requirement on 
employers to increase the value 
of their preserved pension. 

This requirement will apply 
only to the pension benefits that 
an employee has accumulated 
since January 1, 1985. In the 
case of contracted-out pension 
schemes, the revaluation of 



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lump sum schemes (£500 or JEHJ00) to choose from. 

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eqiuvaIerrt)."Qip the ad and send for details TO DAY ( without 

obligation) to: Homeowners Friendly Sodety, FREEPOST 

N. ‘forks, HG15BR. i — ~ 

TaL-(fCtS) 5Z2V7V(» bra) 


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win call). 




•Ataman infs) of interest Gross cquUialati hr baik rate laxpoym 







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Unit Ties* Arfcfarv Service 
Embassy House. Querns Arams,. 
0272 741309 

Licensed dealers in mcwUm. 
Members of MAS DIM 




Information required Q INCOME □ GROWTH Postcode... 

the guaranteed minimum pen- 
sion (GMP). 

For final pay pension 
schemes the relevant preserved 
pension must be increased by at 
least S per cent per annum or 
the level of increase in the retail 
prices index, whichever works 
out lower. The GMP element 
will continue to be increased by 
the fixed rate of 8.5 per cent per 
year, under the provisions of 
the Social Security Pensions Act 

The new law applies also to 
money purchase pension 
schemes. These cannot be 
contracted out of the state 
earnings related scheme (Serps). 
The new law provides that the 
treatment of any preserved 
pension in a money purchase 
scheme must be the same as 
that a applicable to pensions 
remaining within the scheme. 

In other words there must be 
no discrimination, in terms of 
matters such' as interest and 
bonus payments, between pre- 
served pensions and existing 
pensions within a money 
purchase scheme. 

Another change which came 
into force this _ week gives 
employees the option to transfer 
their accrued pension rights to a 
new company pension scheme 
or to an insurance company, to 

fund a special pensions policy 
known as a buy-out or transfer 
plan, as an alternative to 
maintaining a preserved pen- 

The calculation of transfer 
values must conform to guide- 
lines issued last month by the 
institute of Actuaries and the 
Faculty of Actuaries. Moreover, 
transfer values must be at least 
equivalent to the deferred, or 
preserved pension. 

In the case of an employee 
moving from a contracted-out 
to a n on-contracted out scheme, 
the GMP must, according to the 
new law, remain in the old 
scheme, with the transfer value 
requirements only applying to 
the balance of the pension 

Provisions in the Social 
Security Act .1985 concerning 
the disclosure of information by 
trustees to pension scheme 
members are still under con- 
sideration. The govenment 
intends to publish regulations 
on this subject which are 
provisionally scheduled to 
come into effect on April 1. 

For a free booklet. Now 
Changing Jobs Affects Your 
Pension, which sets out the 
position of early leavers, send a 
large sac to the Company 
Pensions Information Centre, 7 
Old Park Lane, London W1Y 

108 % 

We m able to offer Investors up 
to 108% allocation of units in the 
new Performance Plus Bond with 
NEL Britannia. 

For further details or an appEcatkm 
fom, please contact us at 

370 Cranbrook Road 
Gants FBI, Ilford 
Essex IG26HY 
Telephone: 01-518 1218 


Coastal Resort 


{Company No 19S99831 

Offer for Subscription 

under the 

Business Expansion Scheme 


up to 1^30,000 Ordinary Shares of £1 each at l25p 
pc share payable in full cm application. 

Thm li ml i mt 

C oasul Resort Hotels ILC has been established to operate a sznd group of 3-slar hotels on ihe South CuR of Enjjtand Servians both 
thn commeiodl and letturemaifca. The Company h« the Hghi to acquire the freehold of Oowfen Beach Hotel In Suswcend freehold 
land In Ramsgate where hiJ planning pennlsaan tar (he conaracuon trf Ihe 00 bodrocsn Madw Kcson Hotel has been obtained. 

Tbs management 

The Company will be managed by Resort Holds Una ted which owns and manages the Norfolk Resort HotriandP raSttn RCHHt Hotel M 
Brighton and wfodtwiD subscribe for 25 per cenLul (he share capital d the Company at (he same price as otfwsutealbera. 

i Gcmjna 

i In Important service hukiitry 

■ BES toe reflrf is reaped of yw eadtqg 3th April m 
• utatiawm wtoafpOon abend? exceeded 

foe merits of the investment 

• Ezptrfo p ewi BUn mfW H t 

• No tenges or options to aposten 

The sufccnpdon ksa will be dosed at 3DG pm on 31 st January. W86 or when the Offer Is EiSy subscribed If eaitet 

The Bdwrtaemmt does rptnxi^ttutt an Ofl^wmviubonu] subset far Or puidiasestcuitflt5.A{yifcaaimsft v shares w^ ody be 

accepted on the Isms of the prospectus (in which lull details of (he company and -the Offer far Subscription BE contained/ aid on 
completion ol the application form atteched thereto. 

Telephone the 24 hours answering service 0273 729552 to sacuna copy of tfcaprospectiif uqpiltya' 
return the torn bekw; 

TO: Coasal Retort Hoteb PLC U9 Wngf Roeri. Srigtaon BNI ZPT 
Mease send me a copy ol the Coastal Resort Hotels PLC pio^pectus by ictunc 






ABN Bank. 

Adam & Company _ 


Citibank Savings 

Consolidated Crds ... 
Continental Trust __ 
Co-operative Bank _ 
C Boare & Co 

_ im« 
- 1114% 
_ 1114% 
_t I2%% 
« 1114% 

11 VS9b 



Lloyds Bank . . . . . . .. ... 1114% 

Nat Westminster 1114% 

Royal Bank Scotland — 1114 % 

TSB 1114% 

Citibank NA 1114% 

t Mortgage Bose Rate. 



If you arc retired, or 
planning for retirement, 
you need the best posable 
income from the capital you 
have, and probably help in 
reducing the amount of 
tax you pay. At Trident life 
we specialise in investment 
schemes which are 
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for the over 50's and 6CTs. 

So if you need more 
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send the coupon today. 

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Trident Life 

To: Tnkan Lite Aagraftce Co. Ltd. 

London Road. 

Gloucester CL1 3BR. 

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(miBhBraB capital H909L 


fta te odc. 

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This week saw the latest 
o fifering of specialist unit trusts 
with fee launch of the York- 
shire General Trust, which will 
be investing at least 75 per cent 
of investors’ money in York- 
shire companies. 

About 144 companies qualify 
for the “Yorkshire" label, 
according to . the managers of I 
the new trust, the Yorkshire! 
General Unit Trust Ltd. These! 
will be companies with York-] 
shire headquarters or whose 
main activities are located m 

This does not mean that'Only | 
local companies will • come 
under tire managers’ scrutiny; 
others with national operations 
such as the Burton Group and 
ASDA-MFL according to tire 
managers, warrant the York-i 
shire description. 

Whether there is_ any value to 
investors in distinguishing a 
group of companies .by the 
“Yorkshire” criterion is open to 
question. The managers con- 
sider there is a valid distinction 
10 be made, and their introduc- 
tory leaflet refer to “the YT 

This is the York Trust’s 
Index incorporating the 144 
Yorkshire companies, which 
was first compiled on March I 
1985. It is published weekly in 
the Yorkshire Post The intro- 
ductory leaflet shows an overall 
increase of 285 per cent in the 
share prices of tire constituted 
companies from October 1 1985 
to now as against an FT 30 
Index increase for the same 
period of 1 98 per cent 

ml984,. , wii 
to . their cup plans, Bath’s trio of 
sdettora sat down for five hours 
yesterday to plan their -approach to 
the John Player Special Cup match 
with Orrell on January 25; knowing 
that they win not see their leading 
players in matches between nowand 
. then. . 

England have a squad mwti'Ti^ 
tomorrow and next weekend before 
the meeting with Wales on January 
18 and Bath, affect ed by injuries 
today, have seven players involved 
with the match squad. Leicester 
have only -one, which, could give 
body to their cup hopes this season. 

■ The other home countries where 
into selectoria! action during the 
! coming week: Ireland’s team to play- 
France is chosen tomorrow, Scot- 
land's (also against Fiance but a 
1 fortnight eariiec) on Wednesday and 
Wales, who have squad training, on' 
•Monday, next Friday. 

The Welsh have added Huw. 
Richards, the Neath lode, to their 
squad since losing Richard Motiarty 
far disciplinary reasons though they 
have made no adjustments yet to 
die backs despite the loss through 
injury of Ieuan Evans (Llandti) and 
the retir e m ent from internationals 
of Gwyn Evans, the Maesteg utility 
’ back. - 

It is also a sign of the times that 
the new year should start with news 
of diseqainaxy action, amateurism 
and Australians: the Welsh Rugby 
Union propose to take no fruiter 
action Newport who had 

two players sent off against London 
Welsh in November. The WRU 
consider that the dub haver taken 
sufficient action against the two 
individuals themselves. 

The WRU have, however, moved 
a gairnt Steven Ford, the Cardiff 
wing. He has been banned from 

' ^ revealed to tire iution by way of an 
anonymous letter. ' . 

The - u ni o t . bad no alternative. 

- international Board regulations 
spedficaDy prohibit players who 

. have had' trials for -“a non-amateur 
-rugby organisation 1 * and Ford is 
only the latest of many. players who 
.hare bad trials,, not all of whom 
have been discovered to hare done 
^so.- . . .. L 

. In the c urren t however, 

much will be made - of Fiord's 

- misdemeanour, vide David Howes,* 
the Rugby League spokesman, who 
said: “It's now a case far the Sports 
Council . and- the Government, 

because it is discrimination and a.: 
more -.-blatant example cannot be 
provided. The player did not pet . 
-paid and- just played al o ngside 
professional sportsmen.” 

- The rcgutetionsr are, however, 
quite clear in this instance and it 
will be instructive to- see how 
m»miw w of* pflrijpmwr, the Sports 
Council or any other interested' 
party, intends moving a gains t foe 
somewhat smorifaotK' International - 
-Board, the body -responsible for 
Rugby Union's amateur regulations. . 

■ The Australians me those from - 
Queensland, who b^in their tour to 
Britain and Ireland against- Kent at 
-■ piaetfiwnth tomorrow. Six inter- - 
nationals, inr hwtin g Slack, '"last 
'season's grand-slam captain, plays 
against the -county championship 
semi-finalists, fire of them in the 
backs. ^ * 

The weather has forced a change 
of venue for .the colts county final, 
sponsored by the National Westmi- 
nister Bank. Kent were due to play 
Yorkshire today at Dover but the 
pitch is waterlogged and ihe 
Canterbury dub have taken overthe 

All Scottish 
begging to 
be filled 

By Ian McLaudrian 
There have beat few more 
important games in die Scottish 
domestic season than today's 
international trial at Marnyffcfcl, 

ride is there for foe taking. The 
Bases, or senior ride, with a a 
average age of nearly -29 years, can 
har dly b e ritlmal to be picked for 
the future. * 

The most int eres tin g areas of 
challenge win come on foe whig 
from Baird, who must coavioGe the 
selectors that his aD-nanri faofoat- 


Moseley v Cardiff 

M oa slay are unchanged from thoskte 
who tost to Gloucester on New Years' 
Day. Roberts, the Wales flanker, returns 
tor CardH as does Lakfa bat the back 
dMaton Is the same as that which 
helped score 30 points against Both on 

Coventry v Neath 

them Rdbbtos and Brain, the I 
forwards who are oomnraRtBd to ' 
intem a fion a l-aquad wee ke n ds . ‘ 
Meanwel cootlnues at stand-off half 
against the curra nt occ u pant ofilia 
Welsh number 10 jeraey, Jonathan 
Davtas, who bas seven ooaeagues 
returning to the Neath side, kidudtog the 
totematianahThorbuni and Reas. ■ 

Northampton vL Welsh'. 

| Pearce, the Btgtend prop, mains 
his first appearance for a month to 
fs colours and Johnson 
moves to standoff ^ where the Welsh 
also make a change. Howard Evans 
returns thare and Fouty. the New ' 
Zealander, takes the pfecs of fhe. 
tofuifed Jenkins at centra. 

Harlequins v Wasps . . 
r Salmon, the England centra, returns to 
face a Wasps stoetodutSiw Davies. 
Smith, MsMIb and RereiaLHarieqdns 
are, however, without MBne and Crambw 
both resiled tor the Scottish trial at * 

Kith v Waterloo . 

Bath w3f be without Haliday, named for 
his first cap In Engtarars side to play 
Wales to a fomdsfitGuscott takes Ma 
place and may have a new partnerff 
Palmer, the captain, puita out with a caH 
Muty. Wfthey conns Into the bade row 
forms injured Spurrel and Swift returns 
on the wtog gainst Waterloo, who have 
Sydal fit agtin after at heavy cokL 

Newport v Bridgend 

John Dovareux, the new Wates^quad 
centre fromSqcth fflamorgan toaitoite, 
makes Ms datwt for Bridgend who are 
Bkaly to be without Htnrel Davfes, the 
totemattonal full back, for the rest of the 
season because of a Knee k$sy- 
NewprtaremissiMWittldfts.tne . 
fbnner Walee captato, and have Afi 
hooking wfth Rawlnsbaclcin the front 
row. • 

Mallalieu tips balance 

By Michael Stevenson 

Cheshire 18-Group — .„14 
Durttam 18-Group^„ ~11 

The fitfril brilliance of the 
CheshH-e and Engla nd 18-Group 
stand-off tmif MaQalieu tuzxied-foe 
scales in a hard-fboght match 
yesterday at Sale, where Cheshire 
won, not too convincingly, by a goal 
and two tries to two tries and a 

One glorioursido-steppiiig run by 
MallaHen made their mat- try. 
Durham line, then Nrcfcfeifcr was 
successfhl with Dmham's fourth 
penalty chance. 

MalliHm’s fireworks made a. tty 
for Nefl just before the interval, and 
Mallalieu converter! 

Cheshire led after only 10 
minutes, whe Dahintoti crashed 
over - from -a Hneout near the 

Durham were right Track in the 
match immediately on the resump- 
tion when Underwood, brother of 
foe Engfaad. wing, scored a 
magnificent, try on the left from an 

SCORER* a ni in K Trisa: Oshtoton. No* 
Pates. Cwwati l oa : M«Ufl>n ^sfiM .TMaw 
UndanwoodrlWar. IWwar teckaSg.. 
CHBBHMto If Hobart* (BMcanhsad]; T Hynas 
ffiMadiwad], R ftaM i p— (Whal QSL P 
1M (Brwrtwl HSL 0 Cra^tan (pwntan HQ; 
Mrt saan. {Safe COS, coQ, 9 RateWs 
; D Lamtflcs (BkVartisart, rap A 
IMor (Si AmbrosrCon, C Wfioax 
fi, i Psrtrar (Bramhal o itenar 

I, D DahUM.-flnnrikM HQ, R 
" i*. MaccuHrfMd), O Patera 

teJtor- (BaiMod CiMM; S 
- 8tah Form C<?«. H Boltar 
N Foatac, T Lmdanvood 
m & WMflaM (Diatum 
Ate rt ralta_g^ ra(tf i. o ^EWanfcfci 

‘ CnttoX SchoyiJ°S 

jrto Bcbno^. O H^ra (Horton 



There are potential 
conflicts of interest 

The managers also point otil 
that since the compilation of the 
YT I ndex i t has out-performed 
both FTSE 100 and the FI30. 

You riionld tread carefiilly 
with such comparisons, because 
the “Yorkshire” connection is 
not one that is widely recog- 

It is also worth noting that 
there is always considerable 
scope for manipulating com-: 


Cameras will be 
absent again 
in Milk event 

By PatBatcher. 

Of the three main domestic cross- 
I country races omsitte of champion- 
ships m Britain, last - year's Milk 
International at ■ Maunsk, 
Bdfiuvwas to fru: foe most esi 
I with Tim Hutchings only oui- 
5. Nat Muir and 'Jerry 
in foe last 200 metres of 
I eight kflometres. 

Yet it was the only one of die 
three races, foe others bdmg'the 
.Gateshead and IAC intemanonals 


evid «? c L? with 

choosing the optimum starting another decent fidd for today's 10th 
date to _ determine the period anniversary race, television » 

over which the comparison is to 
be made. Though the- com- 
panies in the so-called YT 
Index show a share price 

absent Last year, it 
the -BBC who declined their 
contract priority. This year, foe gap 
in Independent Television's ar- 


second _ 

foe World race here yesterday and 
once again t he re w ere crowds of Cup 

Final proportions to greet than as 

they reached their berths. The 
biggest ■ cheers were reserved for 
Peter Blake’s Lion New Zealand, 
j although she was -foe- second to 
finish and the fifth altogether to 
complete the 7400 mite kg from 

Just as there wash dose finigfa on 
Thursday when Atlantic Privateer 
(Peter Kuttd. United States) beat 
NZI Enterprise , (Digby Taylor) 
across the line by seven minutes and 
20 seconds, so foe d ram* was 

increase that outstrips those of I 

S' FT i?“? !0ctoter 

the picture changes consider- * v — -* — ■ — “ — 
ably if you take a more recent 

For instance, from January 
1981 to March 1 1985, the FT- 
30 Index has risen by more thgp 
80 per cent, as opposed to a rise 
of approximately 60 per cent in 
the YT Index. 

Other aspects; of the York- 
shire General Trust worth, 
looking out for include the feet 
that two of the directors of the 
management company are part- 
ners in the Huddersfidd film of 
stockbrokers Battye Wim penny 
& Dawson. Most of the share 
transactions involved in the 
management of the unit trust 
will, at least initially, be carried 
out through this firm. 

The board of the manage- 
ment company also includes 
three directors of “Yorkshire” 

AU in all there are undoubt- 
edly potential conflicts of 
interest, and the “Yorkshire” 
concept is certainly open to 

For further information con- 
tact the Yorkshire General 
Trust Woodsome House, 

Woodsome Park, Fenay Bridge, 

Huddlesfield HD8 OJG. Tel no 



broadcast unit, and it is already 
committed dsewhgrc. 

The organizers are philosophi- 
cally plugging away at providing a 
top field although they were 
stretched this year to lure anyone as 
imp res s ive as Steve Ovett or John 
Treacy, previous winners.- Hutch- 
ings has had a serious loss of form 
since this race last year arid win not 
! ran. 

Bat Muir, a Scotsman, second 
test year and winner in -1980 win. 
provide some serious opposition to 
j Dave. Lewis, the c u rrent- leading 
Englishman, who was fortunate to 
be given equal- fim with Alberto 
Cova, Olympic 10,000 metres 
champion m the 1AC nice two 

But Lewis won the Gateshead 
race in mid-November easily 
enough against Muir. And foe most 
likely contender, for. victory is 
Vincent Rousseau, of Belgium, who 
has had impressive victories on the 
continent recently and could iain» 
the title abroad for foe first time. 

Betty van Stccnbrbcdc- should 

certainly take the women's tifie bade 

to Belgium after her impressive 
wdory in Gateshea& ' And two 
officials from the lAAF cross-coun- 
try and road running committee will 

be. on hand to. report back bn 
Northern Ireland's application to 
hold the- world cross country 

iane^SiiS; ,h ?' ^ 

than Is the a ttartfng strength of 
Duncan or Tttktfo. The latter is stfil 
a little unsure under -the high bail 
and cmddbe vnloerabie. 

The senior halfharfc, LaMfaurand 
Rutherford, have carried ScefEud 
flnoagh many a storm. Both win, 
however, find thcansrives ander 
increasing pressure from Hunter, 
who has understudied Ijidhw m the 
Sooth of Scotland and Scotland 
caaipa, s deem WylDe, the staud-eff 
half, wfeo is the man on form. Gncn 
a fair share of .possession, this pair 

AmMs^e fo rw ar ds foie'smra^, 
magteg dad between Atone and the* 
improving Sole cou l d determine the 
loose-head position, while hi' foe 
problem area of the second row 
Tones and Parker will bare to be at 
their .best to resist the challenge of 
Campbell and CampbelLLamertoo. 

The final back-row mix could wdl 
be determined by then- aUfity to 
protect the fringes of the scram. 
Only White of the four flankers on 
view possesses real st re ngt h in the 
tackle and an appetite for defensfre 
chares. Added to this, hb Iterant 
ability may just give trim promotion 
at the expense of Jeffrey, who is at 
foe disadvantage of' not' testing 
played for some three weeks. 'He 
injured hb ribs in the Edinburgh- 
Sonth of Scotland match. • 

The other two players who 
w ithdrew from last week’s games, 
Rutherford (groin strain) and 
Robertson (shoulder bnrisfhg^ hare 
reported fit Afi players and 
replacements wBl be required at a 
squad get-together at Mmrayfitid 

aim for 
top place 

By George Ace • 

Iustoauhs ■**° underline their 
claims to finish top of Ihe Section B' 
of the Djgftni Ulster Senior League 
by winning the re-arranged -game 
against struggling CTYMS, stfil 
pointless after foor at 

' Belmont this afternoon. It is the only 
league fixture of fhe day. - 

Instonians hare "wfimm points 
from their fear games, and although 
they hare been strqggEnga.ltaleaf 
late after injuries to diiA’. two 
in terna ti onals, David Ipdn.v nd 
Keith * CrossaiCT their . aRjend 
strength' should prove "coridwire. 
against ma irasettied CIYMSside. . . 

Ards, who are listed to. meet. 
Instoaians at Shane Park In a dab 
game, now take on Ntnfo, while an 
additional fixture' to the programme 
is at Chambcro Park, . when 
Portadown play Armagh. 

The.Anstrallmi Schoolboys are h 
action again at RavenhfU, this time 
against Uteter Schools, who wilt be 
ca p t a i n e d by Mark McCxlL 
. And . the Ulster ' boys are . felly 
capable of extending their more 
filustrioos opponents;, who hare only 
been batten once - by England in 
1574 - in two pretioos toms of these 
islands, and are unbeaten to dale on 
their current toot. 

• Roger Anderson, of London 
Welsh, has been called into the 
Combined Provinces team to meet 
Ireland hi foe final Irish trial at 
Landsdown Road today. Anderson 
replaces Jim Clotty (Untrersfty 
College Cork) on the left wio& as 
Qotty is rated oat by a leg injury. 


Lion roars home but is 
64 seconds too late 

From John Nicholls, Auckland 
boats finished the she established on tlw first leg and is 
now 30 hours ahead of the two New 

Zealand entries. Lion New Zealand 

certainly tried hard to dose the gap, 

though she was always handicapped 
by the da m aged rudder sustained by ' 
a collision with a whale in tbs 
Tasman Sea. ~ " 

, The fourth boat to finish, at mid- 
day yesterday was the British entry 
Drain, sailed by Skip Novat' an 
American. She, too received an 
e ntnum asne welcome. 


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lr ■ ■ . 

9MEUOURNE: In the inter- 
nanonal cadet dass world cham- 
pionship, off Mdbonrne^ Australia 
yesterday two British boats, hdmed 

repeated yesteiday. This time Lion by Geiie Vin^ 

New Zratend had to finish hvdW P 0 ^ 

Zealand- had -to finish by 430 
in the afternoon in order to 
NZI E nterp ris e on total 
time for the first two fags. In the 
event she filled by 64 seconds and 
so fined to retain her second 

in division A. 

UBS Switzerland (Pierre ' Feb- 
tmann) fini shed third on Thursday 
and so maintains foe overall lead 

MacCferfry, gained ihe hrad at ihe 
windward, mark. They held on to the 
finish though overtaken at one stage 
“YFfhcrty Reynolds of Anstralte. 


1. R Drontmwi 
BumaB (AusL 





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g yrate a day for an four Areea.-; ■ 


TTie .rammrHq, Rarrv 

Boat Show diary 

Prince at the Palace 

By Adrian Morgan 

foe Crystal Palace Spmta Cewtee sto£ ^ 

trim Mareh 8 to ». The papalaritT WWtotfou and 

ofdteghy sailing has tekraitooS 'S g g j— TO .' Dutddumi-s 
in ^ eca ? l J**n becanse- of .foe 
but British dWhy 
number more fom, 

ft* IMS Britain'r young 

title foe third sacccsrire year. A 
itember tf Item an fionr nonera fe 

SSSc^* 1 fctb ' ms 

Jtoreihare won foeKteg George’s 
F™ far sailors “Best bookfoTthn 

tlm or gat' fore aad-se* 

senre as a trftote to t&d^ 

war ». nr TL.j*"; »«*■ 

can be SaSt' 

“ongyMhts. ; . 

Industry exports 
are^by lSparamt on 1984. Tofiti 
for 1985 is estimated at 
“ tomaseof niae pa* 
™ to* previous year. The Ship 
s®S 'BgatbnMers National Fedcr- 

i&srtage of skfikd labomlbptfll » 
SRi'.'” tmmwer of fSM- 


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do not sign 

The cricketing crisis caused 
by Bangladesh’s decision to hair 
four England B players who 
have coached in South' Africa 
yesterday threatened to spread 
to Zimbabwe, the third country 
on the team’s proposed tour. 

There were fears that the full 
England tour of the West Tnfl jgs 
later this month could also be 
affected. Surman Mehta, vice- 
chairman of the Zimbabwe 
Sports and Recreational Coun- 
cil said in Harare that the 
team’s tour would not go ahead 
□ext month - unless the four 
players - Kim Barnett, Bill' 
Athey, Martyn Moxon and 
Christopher Smith — promised 
not to have any more sporting 
contacts with South Africa. 

“We will not renege on our 
position," Mr Mehta said. *If 
the four players don’t sign 
declarations against having any- 
more sporting contacts, with 
South Africa . . . the team win 
definitely not be cleared.” The 
four have been blacklisted by 
the United Nations for either 
playing ot coaching in South 

Acutely aware that sports and 
politics do not mix, the 'Foreign 
Office spent much of yesterday' 
hitting aside suggestions that 
the Government should inter- 
vene in the controversy caused 
by Bangladesh’s abrupt 
decision. • 

such as John^^liste^cS 
servative MP for Luton North 
and chairman of hit party's 
Parliamentary sports com- 
mittee, urged Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, to 
secure assurances that Eng- 
land’s forthcoming to'ur of West 
Indies- should not suffer a 
similar last-minute cancellation. 

“We most be certain that 
there will be -no objections to 
any of our players and that 
there will be no demonstrati- 
tons against them,” Mr Carlisle 
said. If the Foreign Office did 
□ot receive such assurances, the 
Test and County. Cricket Board 
should pull out, he added. 

The Foreign Office response 
was that the Government did 

ByNichoIas Ashford - 

not intend' to get involved in 
talks on' tfiis issue. “This is £ 
matter .for the cricket aiith- 
. orities/’a spokesman said. 

* On the other side of the 
political divide, anti-apartheid 
activists accused the Govern- 
ment of not ab iding fully jKxth!: 
the Commonwealth’s 1977 
Gleneaglesv Agreement ' and 
urged it to take a ■ tougher 
approach towards spurting 
contacts with South Africa. 

Thc Fore^n Office retorted 
that- the. Government accepted 
t hep Toymons oftheGleneagles 
Agreement, drawn up to curb 
spoiling links with South 
Africa^ as far- as- was humanly - 
possible. However, in matters 

S.Afdca welcome 

Cape Town - Geoff Dakin, 
president Of the, South African. 
Cricket Union, said here yester- 
day that England’s B team 
would be Trekotne to tour Sooth 
Africa 1 (It© Tennant writes). “I 
accept It is a pipe' dream but I 
would like to see Arena iere,® he 
saM- H And I hope Bangladesh’s 
associate membership., of the 
ICC .wonldi be called .■ into, 

of. individual freedom, the 
Gove rnm ent could not impose 
travel restrictions on its own 
citizens, it added. 

.The mood in Government 
circles was a mixture of dismay 
that Jlanfgladesfr-^ should have- 
acted .as >it dut Ai '-such, short* 
notice and annoyance with the 
English cricketing authorities 
for having selected players 
whose sporting links with. South- 
Africa ' laid them open to 
punitive action by Common-, 
wealth ooimtries. 

.Richard Tracey, the Minister 
of Sport, said Bangladesh’s^ last- 
minute decision was; “quite 

It was still unclear yesterday 
whether Bangladeshi’s action 
could provoke rirnflar moves by 
other Commonwealth coun- 

tries, particularly it the Zim- 
babwe leg of the tour is also 
called oft .• ! 

' Of most concent is the fixture 
of the fiiQ Kngfcnrf tour of WesL 
.Indies . which starts in three 
-weeks time. Cricketing auth- 
orities here fear that Bangla- 
desh's action may revive politi- 
cal opposition in some Carib- 
bean countries' to a tour by a 
team which- contains four 
players -who have already been 
disciplined feu* having sporting 
contacts with South Africa. 

' The four-are Graham Gooch,. 
Peter Willey. John Emburey 
and Les Taylor all of whom 
were members of the 1982 
“rebel" tour of South Africa. 
They were banned from inter- 
national cricket for three years 
after thattour. 

West Indian governments 
give ^uaranh gs last^ year that 

be welcome 6 frMhe* Caribbean. 
Steve Camacho, the West Indies 
cricket chief said yesterday he 
had no reason to believe die 
Bangladesh decision would 
have any bearing on the 
England tour of the West Indies. 

“We already have firm 
assurances from all our govern- 
ments that all members of the 
England party are acceptable’’, 
he said. However, there is 
concern -that there could be 
problems in Trinidad and 
Tobago, where two Test 
matches are scheduled during 
the tour. 

. There is also concern that 
Caribbean governments could 
be forced to change their stance 
if any ofihc four player banned 
by Bangladesh are called upon 
to go to the West' Indies as 
replacements.. . 

' Hassan Howa r head of the 
non -racial - South - African 
Cricket Board, urged West 
Indian governments to follow 
Bangladesh's lead. Mr Howa 
refuses to let his Coloured and 
mixed-race dubs play against 
white teams from the South 
African Cricket Union and is 
opposed to English players 
coaching in South Africa.. 

Leading article, page 9 



Inevitably the pafftiefans around 
the world bid centre stage 
yesterday, with cricket officials only 
too aware they were mere pappets in' 
the drama. Eves Peter Lssh, the 
B team manager, reluc- 
tantly conceded that Bangladesh's 
action, though cynical, had been 
superbly timed to achieve maximum 
publicity and disruption. 

England B have now arranged to 
leave London next Wednesday and 
•rill arrive hi sri Lanka a week, 
earlier than originally intended, it is 
hoped to play an adffitKmal -three-, 
day game that weekend More they 
falfil their scbedaled fixtures, which 
end oa February-13 in Kandy. 

The Test mid Comity Cricket. 
Board still wait amrionsly to hear 
whether the team can then proceed 
to Zimbabwe aod more importantly, 
if there are any repe rcu ssio ns Cor the 
senior England tear to West Indies. 
Apart from renewed anxiety every, 
tone they enter a new country (faring 
their Caribbean vljrit, England iace a 
ticklish decision if they wished, to 
replace an injured player during 

By Richard Streeton 

their visit, with ope of the B aide 
banned from Bangladesh. 

It Em not proved, easy so far to 
arrange alternative games la India- 
andJVJristan for the B side If they 
cannot go to Zimbabwe. As 
pessimism moanteat Lord?*, it looks : 
increasingly Hkely that the B team ' 
will return straight home from. Sri 

Meanwhile;- in another part of 
Lori’s, officials of the frttentctiotiaf 
Cricket . Conference flCC) were 
contacting member coaodtrias to see 
whether they needed to take any 
action before their animal meeting 
on July 9 aad 10.' By objecting to 
certain membem of the E n g l a n d B' 
team, - Ban tfalleati , an a sso riat n ICC 
member, have contravened (be 1981 J 
conference rafing that there should , 
be oo- Interference byone country In. 
the selection of another^ team. 

. Jack Bailey, tike MCC secretary* 
who holds the same office for the 
ICC, smd: “Everybody is aware that 
Bangladesh’s action raises grave 
issues to which member countries 

India prolong agony for 
hopeless Australians 

Sydney. (Agencies) - - India's 
batsmen overwhelmed Australia 
building up a mammo th first-in- 
nings toud of 600 fer four wickets 
declared on the second day of the 
third and final Test here yesterday. 

The hapless Australians, who 
were probably only saved from, 
defeat in the second Test by ram, 
could have found themselves in 
even deeper trouble had India 
shown more urgency is their, 
scoring. The touring team made 334 
on the first day but yesterday 
managed only 256 runs against a 
demoralized attack in 336 minutes 
at the crease. 

As a result. Boon, and Marsh, for 
Australia, had to negotiate just 17 
minutes of play before the dose; 
which they did successfully. How- 
ever the home tide who need 401 to- 
avoid the follow-on, will have to 
improve their batting markedly to 
stave off their first series defeat by 
India on Australian soQ. - 

India's total was their highest in a 
Test against Australia, as -was the 
second-wicket partnership of 224 
between Gavaskar and Amamath. 
Gavaskar scored 1 72 and Amamath 
138 but their .progress was sedate. 
Only 64. runs came in the first 
session and it seemed bath, players 
were more interested in- personal 
milestones than India's quest for 
victory. It became apparent the 
Kapil Dev, the India captain, had 
set his batsmen a run target 
regard lessof the tune it might take. 

Amamath moved from 72,10 90 
during the morning’s play in a 
somewhat selfish display and it was 
only after -he had reached Ins 
hundred that he decided to attack. 
His century came up in 329 minutes 

Brown to make 
decision on 

David Bvrown, the Warwickshire 
cricket manager, who asked for time 
to consider ms position after a “no 
confidence" vote . by members 
brought down the cricket committee 1 
last month, win make Ms- final 
decision on Wednesday. 

He will be meeting a working.: 
party, set up by Tony Stevens, foe 
club chairman to restructure policy 
and decide on the composition ofa 
new cricket committee. Brown said' 
yesterday: “I am anxious to see foe 
job through, but not if I feel there 
> are people watching from foe tides 
who do not have confidence in me-’’ 

The former England fast bowler ' 
tn'U be ai Lonfson Tuesday arguing' 

i Warwickshire's case that Alvin y 

Kallirhar ran ahnnH be rc-tiastififid 

and' included .' only . six foms 
subseqcntly went on to -make foe 
highest of his : ten .foree-figure 

innings in Tests. 

India's first three batsmen an 
scored centuries - only foe fourth, 
time this feat has been achieved m a 
Test. At 415 GavadpH; !*» w™ 
around his legs by Bob Holland for 
172, having batted 5 13 minutes and 
hit 19 boundaries., 

Holland, who took 10 wickets m 
both of- bis two previous Test 
appearances ai Sydney, conceded 
llFruns in bis 21 overs. He «m 
quickly hit out of foe attack Jw 
Kapil Dev, who promoted mmsui 
in the order and hit 42 off 47 buds 
before being caught at square leg off 

HDUi First tentage . 

9M Gavaskar b Kota 

M B Amameih c Bright b GObart . 

-KanfQevtaGfeart — . 

D BVnnqsjrVw not out .... 

M AxrtrmftMn net out - — ~ 

Brtraa ft ft hbft ivb 22 

- 172 
~ 110 
_ 138 
_ .42 

_ sr 
_ sa 

H J^tetri. ^rs M H KhTtml.,, L 
Stnmuakriatviwt. Choten Sbama and N S 
Yad» (Host bat 

FAU CiP VHCKETS: 1-101 2-415, 3-48S, 

bowling; Gtewt w-o-iga: Ml imk 

Bright 41-7-121*6. KoUnd 21-0-113-1; 
Maalism S0-M5-0. 

' . AUSTRALIA: Rrst InnfeigB 

DC Boon not out ■ ' ' 2 

G R Uanth not oa f . } 

Extras (bi) . 
Total (no »da)_ 

nrast address theandvw, dfoer by 
long range or by a special meeting.^ 
Under ICC toIc* a country’s 
ntodetthb eu be todM by a 
motion proposed and seconded by 
two of die Test match playing 
countries but a two-thirds majority 
fe needed for It to bfc agreed. - 
Engfand are foe ag grieved party 
in the present controversy. It is 
Improbable, though, that E ng lan d 
woold seek Bangladesh's expukfam 
as they are- aware that the 
Bangladesh government took the 
derision lo baa certain England 
players over the beads of the local 
cricket authorities. 

.. Beth Ban gl ades h and Zimbabwe 
are doe to play in the ICC trophy, 
cricket’s Httie world cup, fa the 
Mi dl ands this summer. Bob Evans, 
the chairman of foe Midlands dab 
Cricket Conference, who axe 
organizing the event, said: am 

happy to say that I do not think that 
this week's events - though 
enor m ously sad - should really hare 
any effect os the ICC trophy.” 




From Ito Temmnt 
Cape Town 

The outcome of foe second 
international match wifi hugely 
depend 1 upon foe timing of Sooth 
Africa’s declaration today. As a 
result of substantial scores by the 
force best Australian ba ts men - 
Dyson, Hughes and Yallop - they 
- narrowly averted the follow-on. 
South Africa begin the last day 264 
rims ahead. 

It was a cooler day than foe first 
two and there was a smaller crowd. 
The proportion of whites to 
Africans and Cape Coloureds was 
much the same: around nine to one. 
Segregated sealing belongs to the 
. past but, m foe 'main, foe races still 
sit where they always havt. 

The Australians, up against 
some accurate bowling, stniggled for 
much of the morning. Le Roin 
struck twice in one over to remove 
Yallop and Rixon 
Dyson progressed much as he 
usually does, onexcilingly^ yci 
keeping his score' moving. He is one 
of those batsmen whom the 
scoreboard decrees has 20 more 
runs than one imagined. He was five 
short ofa century when he played 
for the turn against Kirsten and was 

Ca Sop executed several pleating 
shots off - Kirsten and Kourie, the 
left-arm spinner. It was a surprise 
when he was out Le Roux finished 
off foe tidl to finish with four for 56. 
SOUTH MOCA: First kvJnfl* 430 (E J Cook 
51. R 0 PcSook 79, P ln&atm 7k C Q 
RBCfcomam-4 for lift R JMoOwfr 4fcr ISS}. 

5 J Cock nolout__ - . fiS 

HRFOmartnteainbnaokaaiaan 31 

PNKkttttoHmmmbRsdUnisXL. — 20 

RaPoflockeOyionbLtaarty^. — 3 

JQEBHlca notout. — . — ■ ■ S 

Erins p-b — — — 13 

;3§ ttrFVfti&r'-''' ' 

TOM (3 wins) . 

•AABortW.GMWkite.anj M«Hhw«,SR 

.BOWLING to Otat KapTOrt StwWl 

- 2-OcfrO; Yadov 1-1-04; Shnaamakrlahriml-O- 

. 1 - 0 . ..... 

Lawson’s back 

problems put 

career in doubt 

' Sydney (Reuter) - Tim career of - 
Geoff Lawson, the Australian, fast 
bowler, is iu. doubt after be. was 
admitted to hwpbvil snffisin^ from - 
severe back pain. - 
SWtms at the Prince of Wales 

hospital carried out teats.on.IriWH 

jesttrdty frw What they heliere are. 

stress fractore back, jatrtten^- The ^ 

.Ansteohau team, .physiotherapist, ■ 

Enrol Akott, ..was; .also due ' to 
dxa mi nehha^ - - 
Lawson, aged 29, htt not played 
in foe coneot Test serte*. ajpte 

. India. There are. now serious doubts 
abont .whether he iriH jtiaT iu .foe 
one-day World Series Cup compe- 
tition s torti n g, fa. Melbourne .on 
Thursday, when -AnsbaHa meets 
New Zealand in a day-night match. 

. ‘ • - - '<:• 

HoM 8-1-27-0; 
McGurdy’ l2-l-3fi- 

FALL OF WKSKETBl 1-98,2-121,3-129, 

BOWUNG 10 daw 

Radammn 20-1-63-2: 

AUSTRALIAN XI nrirt tunings 


J Dyson c Jennings fi 


-IS J I - . 

R J McCtroy nm<Sm. 

Total (J. 






22 . 








FALL Of 5 WICKETS; 1-25. S-SD, 3-135. 4- 
142. 5-171, 8-m 7-268, 8-260, 9-302, 
10-804. . - 

SOWLBU3; La Horn 2&3-S-W-4; Jatfato* 
19-3-58-2; Pub 16-3-39-1; Kart 16-3- 
50-0. Rica 10-f-Zl-Di Kfcsten 17-3-61-3. 

Giant in the slalom: Gaspoz on his way to a second successive World Cup win 


Qassic tale 
of Love 
m paradise 

From Mitcheli Platts 

Davis Love HL who is competing 
in his first tournament as' a 

p refatj OBSl, rwa-mtairup H an im . 

press! vc challenge for foe Bahamas 
■Qastie first prim of $72,000. with a 
second round of 68 on foe Paradise 
Island course here yesterday; 

Love, ft member of foe United 
Suites team which beat Great 
Britain and Ireland in foe Walker 
Cup at Pixie Valley last August, hds 
a halfway aggregate of 133, which is 
1 1 under par. He was joined on that 
marie by Bob Tway. another 
American, who added a 66 to an 
opening round of 67. 

Honan Rafferty, foe sole British 
challenger, completed a second 
successive 71 before Robert Lohr, 
the American who led following a 
first round of 64. set out to chase the 
early pace-makers Love and Tway. . 

Rafferty, who made a dirappoint- 
ing start to -last season following 
almost six months, of inactivity, is 
not wasting any time grooving his 
swing for 1986 when he will, be 
seeking to win for the first time on 
the European circuit. 

“I’ve got another three weeks in 
the West Indies, then tournaments 
in Venezuela, Hong Kong. Kenya, 
Zambia and Zimbabwe, followed by 
a £30,000 Pro^Am at- my home 
course of Warnmpoim," Rafferty- 
explained. “Last winter 1 played 
only one event between November 
and April, and by foe Open 
Championship I had won only 
£7,000. But I finished the season in 
seventeenth place in the European 
order of merit, with 'winnings of 
£46,000, and h showed that I played' 
better by competing weddy.” 

LoVe. aged 2f; a prodigious- 
driver, is an interesting prospect on 
the American tour; which is 
desperally in the need of young 
talent to revitalise the scene 
following the failure of Tom 
Watson, Jack Nicklaus and Lee 
Trevino to win in 1985. 

He gathered five, birdies on the 
6.97S yards course, which places a 
premium an accurate driving with 
■the fairways twisting among foe 
pine trees, while Tway had six 1 
birdies to move alongside him. 

SECOND ROUND (ufty tartra. US untan 
Stated): Irt D Low BS. SC: B TW 87. 6& 
ttfc EFtort 87, 08; D Hammond 88, 87. 137) M 
MoCumtw 6ft 71; J Human 6ft B& 138c M 
HavaS 6ft 69. 14ft B ©toon 72. 68.' Ut B 
Faxon 72. 89; M Donald 7ft 71 :W Btacktxira 
71, 7IL 142! M Hantaky 73, 89; R Raftteiy (SB) 
71.71; MSmMi 71,71; C Ron 7ft 72. 


Wilander fast but not forward 

Mats Wilander. the least recog- 
nized of the world’s great players, 
continued to make his opponents 
look slightly foolish in foe round- 
robin stage of the Young Masters 
here when be beax Bruno Oresar of 
Yugoslavia 6-1, 6-1 in 42 minutes. 

Wilander. however, is far too 
realistic ami intelligent to be carried 
away by his per for mances at the 
International Congress Building this 
week. Although be has dropped only 
six games in three matches, he does 
not feel he is playing particularly 
well and is looking forward to 
testing bis form against bigger 

“I think I was just playing too fast 
for Dresar and Kent Caxisson - and 
Hans Sch wafer is not an indoor 
player anyway,” said Wilander, who 
will be appearing in an exhibition in 
Atlanta next week before flying up 
to New York for the Nabisco 

- Although Boris Becker, John 

From Richard Evans, West Berlin 

McEnroe and the current world 
number one, Ivan Lendl, bogged the 
headlines in I9S5, it was Wilander 
who came closest to becoming the 
only player to win two Grand Slam 
titles when he lost to his fellow 
Swede, Siefhn Ed berg, in the final of 
the Australian Open. 

Bjorn Hallbeig, doyen of the 
Swedish tennis writers, who has 
plotted the careers of Bjorn Borg 
and Wilander ball for Ml, feels that 
Wilanderia achieveaems are com- 
parable to Borg's at the same age, 
save for the older man's triumphs at 

Wilander is a vastly under-rated 
player, but that is of no great 
concern to him. He watches the 
trials and tribulations that befall 
celrbri lilies ' like McEnroe and 
Becker and hides behind his small, 
knowing smile, quite content to 
keep his feme at a man ageable level. 

Wilander has won his group and 
is the semi-finals will meet the 

Swiss Davis Cup player, Jakob 
Hlasek, who has a better overall 
record than the two other experi- 
enced players in his group, Henrik 
Sunderetrom and Guy Foiget- 

Becfcer needed to beat the 
promising Czech. Marian Vajda, to 
qualify from his group and he 
wasted little time, winning 6-3. 6-2 
in just under an hour. The 
remaining semi-final seemed to be 
within the- grasp of the Haitian, 
Ronald Agenor, who needed only to 
take a set off Emilio Sanchez. 

RED GROUP: M Wtender (Swe) trt B Oresar 
fYug) 8-1. 6-T; H ScnmMr (WG) u J Cwfcoon 
(Swa) 3-8. 4>1. fortoiL Thursday's tats result 
Wbnder Bt Carlsson 6-1. 6-2. 

GREEN GROUP: P Lundgran (&■«) M J Brawn 
(US) 0-4. 8-1; B Bscksr (WG) ts M Vajda (Cz) 

6- 3, 6-2. 

< s “' “ c 

BUIE GROUP: J Htestt (Swrttl bt G Forest (Fr) 

7- 6. 64; Forget bt T Musmt (Austria) 8-3. 6-4. 
Itaraday-s tats result H Sundstrorn (Swe) bt 
Muster 6-2. 6-7. 7-6. 

Why boys are the weaker sex 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

The left-handed top seeds, Jahe 
Wood (Enfield) and Austen Brice 
(Stockport), will lace younger 
opponents in today's singles final of 
the Prudential indoor champion- 
ships of Britain at Queen’s Qub. 
West Kensington. Miss Wood will 
play Sue McCarthy (Bristol), who 
was seeded only seventh but has not 
lost a set, and Brice will oppose foe 
second seed, Danny Sapsford 

Katie Rickett (Birmingham) had 

two break points for a 4-3 lead in foe 

second set before Miss Wood beat 
her 4-6, 6-3, 6-4 yesterday. The 
match would not have been as dose 
if Miss Wood had always played 
with the concentrated aggression she 
showed when most it mattered. 
Mira Wood and the other Miss 
Wood, dare (Haywards Heath), 
wifi leave for the United States on 
Tuesday to join the rest of the ^wn 
Tennis Association team on circuit 
of minor tournaments. They were 
seeded to contest today’s final but 
Clan: was beaten by Teresa Catiin 
(Cambridge), who could make 
nothing of Miss McCarthy yester- 

Brice was serving at 5-3 and 40-30 
against Laurence Matthews (Eas- 
tleigh) but took a long time to turn 
that advantage into a 7-6, 6-1 win. 
Sapsford, on the other band, lost 
only two games to Alex Rouse 

As usual, there was a striking 

disparity between me sexes m terms 
of physical maturin'. The boys 
looked like boys but the girls looked 
like young women. Can this be 
attributed exclusively to foe fact 
that girls mature earlier? Susan 
Mappin, the national team man- - 
ager. was in a jocular mood when 
s u ggesting that all fern dies tend to 
let children eat what they want, that 
a sensible diet was essential and that 
“if you want- muscles, you have to 
eat red meat!" 

John Clifton, the national traning 
manager at Bisfctam Abbey, reckons 
that loo many boys are finicky: and 
more likely man girls to turn their 
noses at food that has not been 
cooked by their mothers. 

One of Clifton’s concerns, 
incidentally, is to recruit from 
regional coaches more over- 1 6 boys 
for the weekly Bisham camps 
subsidized by the LTA. 

Clifton and Bev Ris m a n , the 
fitness consultant to the LTA 
t rainin g department, agreed that 
youngesteis should realize that what 
they eat and when they eat must be 
part of the training regimen. “I 
haven’t seen many overweight 
tennis players", Risman said “The 
main problem may be lack of energy 
because of the wrong foods ana' 
irregular ealin 

"Boys, being boys, are difficult to 
control". Risman said “The 
younger kids should eat plenty but, 
foe older they get, the more they 

have to think about it- We are 
getting better athletes in tennis these 
days but they are still growing and 
therefore have physical limi- 
lations.” ■ 

Better athletes? That may be so. 
But most of Britain's juniors are still 
not athletic enough, too many girls 
look as if they eat too much, too 
many boys look as if they do not eat 
enough and too many players of 
both sexes play shots in isolation 
instead of thinking in terms of 
patterned shot-sequences. • 

In short, there is much confusion 
about training, diet and technique. 
Inevitably, one found an analogy 
yesterday between the players and 
those seagulls who had been 
deluded cn masse by yesterday's 
transient pools on the grass courts 
outside. • 

BOVS’ SINGLES: SamHIrota: D Sapsford 
(Waybridra) M a Route (Chelmsford) 6-1. 6-T; 
A Brica (Stockport) M L Matthews (Eastugh) 

7- 6. 6-1. 

GIRLS' SINGLES: So ml - Ti na ta: -J Wood 
(Entotrij b» K RJckatl (Blnninglum) 4 -ft 6-ft 

8- 4; S McCarthy (SristoO W .T Caflkl 
(Cambridge) 6-1 . 6-1. 

Thursday's raeott 

BOY’S SINGLES: QuarteMhwta: L Monhows 
(Hama) WD fork (Uncs) 5-7. 6-2, 6-1; A Brica 
(CtwshW) M J Martyn (Sussex) 7-8. 6-3; D 
Sapsford (Surrey) bt C Beecher (Kami 6-4. 
8-4; A Rouse (Been) bt MJPetahsy (Essex) 

7- 5. 8-7, $-2. . . ■■ £ 

GtRLS SINGLES: Qusitorfneta; J Wood 
(Middx) bt V Lake (Devon) 8-1. B-4; K Ricked 
(Wsrks) bt J Reeves (Kent) 6-1, 3-0 mat: S 
McCarthy (Avon) bt 6 Loosemore (S Wales) 

8- 2. 6-1 ; T Crtn (Cembe) bt C Wbaa (Suraxi 


A new key to unlock the 
treasures of Wisden 

By Marcus Williams 

Apart from an encyclopaedic 
memory or capacious private filing 
system foe only hey to the treasures 

been the index compilot^btf Re* 
Pogson to the first 80 editions 
(1864- 1943V Through no fault of its 
own that 101 -page book had become 
progressively out of date, until this 
year* (*1 985) a longstanding need 
was met, . 

An Index to Wtiden Cricketers' 
Almanack 1864-1984 (Queen Aime 
Press, £17.50) has been put together 
by Derek Barnard, a schoolmaster, 
who quickly discovered a hobby 
developing into an obsession. The 
product of his labours is a worthy 
645-page volume in traditional 
daffodil and chocolate jacket; the 
six-fold increase in size over Pogson. 
is accounted for, in quite some ^ 
by larger type and a less economic 
layout. . . 

Mr Barnard has followed his 
predecessor’s logical omission of 
match reports - all users of Wisden 
know that, say, Middlesex v Surrey 

1980 can be readily found in the 

1981 edition - but indudes the 
special articles, obituaries, photo- 
graphs. five cricketers of the year 
and book reviews (regrettably 
liipited lo biographies, tour 
accounts and county histories), 
which cannot always be easitly 
linked with a particular year. 

There arc useful notes on 
outstanding performances by 
schoolboys who are restricted to the 
imam making, them; thus, one must 
stin refer to Pogson for ready lintmg 
of incoming tours to rnglnnd. 
Australia and everywhere -die (at 
least up to 1943). 

There is on the market another 

significant reference book, whose 
publication would have been 
rapturously acclaimed were it not 
that to- aR intents and purposes it 
duplicates a book published a year 
earlier.' - r ■ 

The-. Who’s Who -of. Cricketers, 
published -by- Newhes- in- October 
19841 provided statistical 'and 
biographical details of everyone -j 
including' 1 r with'- the distinction of 
neither- baiting nor bowBng in fonr 
only appearance - who had -played 
in a first-class match in the British 
Isles from 1864 to 1983 plus some 
earlier notables. Now comes The 
Collins Who's Who qf English First- 
Class Cricket .1945-1884 (Collins 
Willow. £25) by Robert Brooke, the 
first of several promised volumes 
covering cricket in these islands 
back to 1744. 

The reason . for the duplication 
lies in differences of opinion 
between Mr Brooke and fellow 
members of the Association of 
Cricket Statisticians, who compiled 
the other work, and a decision to go 
their separate ways. One is delighted 
for Mr Brooke that his publishers 
displayed their foith in his 
painstaking research by going ahead 
with foe project, albeit without 
sponsorship and . consequently 
illustrations, and delighted too that, 
unlike his rivals, he now stales a 
preference for - traditional career 

. However, .the Newnes ' book, 

winch ronVaaiehtly attaches these 
career figures 'to- 'the individual’s 
biography rather than consign them, 
to an appendix fas does Mr Brooke's 
book), must have cornered the 
market for all but the wealthiest and 
most dedicated. 


United are blown off 
court by the holders 

By Nicholas Hariing 

Joe Whelton, coach ot Sharp 
Manchester United, had said before 
the World Invitation Gub Cham- 
pionships at Crystal Palace that it 
would take a good team lo upset his 
awn squad, jubi/ant after six 
successive Carkberg National 
League victories. And so it was 
yesterday when United were 
virtually blown off court in the first 
semi-final by a Maccabi Tel Aviv 
team, approaching foei p3ak in time 
for today’s finaL 

Mactabim foe holders and five- 
time winners, have never lost to a 
British dub either at Palace or in 
European competition, and they 
maintained that record easily, 
winning 104-73 to reach their eighth 
successive final of foe touraamcmi. 

United, as Whelton admitted 
afterward, looked as though they 
had left their best form in foe 
previous evening's semi-finals in 
which they had so gallantly 
recovered from 15 points down to 
overcome Murray International 
Metals Edinburgh. Yesterday's 
game was. in feet, a replica of 
United’s two European Cup Vin- 
ners’ Cup ties ■ with Juvenuid 
Badalona, the Spanish club who had 
punished them so harshly for their 
mistakes in the autumn. 

Whelton’s plan was to leave 
Aroesti, foe Maccabi guard, free in 
order lo have an extra man fine lo 
.“double team" foe Israeli club's two 
Americans, Johnson and McGee. 

The strategy never looked hke 
working and so superior were 
Maccabi particularly their Ameri- 
cans under foe boards, that it was 
hard to see what tactics Whelton 

might have employed with any 
measure of success. 

The start was ominous for United 
as they conceded the first nine 
points, five of them lo free throws. 
Nerves were dearly playing their 
part as United frittered away 
shooting opportunities _ 

Gardner and Tom Brown, foe 
two big men. were Uuiled’s only 
players to shoot with _ their usual 
consistent accuracy until Jones and 
then Will Brown started to put away 
their shots, too, by which , time it 
was (artoolaie. . . _' ' ' 

The proceedings yesterday were 
overshadowed by foe news, that 
Palace, foe host club, are up for sale, 
requiring £100.000 by foe end of the 
month to avoid going into 

Kingston’s Culsbcrg National 
league home game with Bracknell 
that had .been rearranged for 
Sunday, has been pul back again. 
The new date is February (6 6.0 

SEJ&FINAL: Mxcsabi Tal Aviv 10« (McGee 30, 
JoTrson 30, JEmchyffl, BtfkOWitz 13L Sharp 
Manchester United 73 (T Brawn 17. Gardner 
Ift W Brown 1 5, Jones 1 1Q. 

PLACES 5-B: Murrey tmemational Edinburgh 
102 (Stewart 32V Manchester Giants 24 
(Kennedy 27); MonteKbtuM (Brart) 84 (Souza 
26), SunaJr Ostand (Bel)BS (Nk*s24). 

PLACES 9-12: Sort &*) 91 (Kartaaen 33), 

Urale^^l^NAL: Koksytta (B4) 79 
(Varocke 281. Sort (Swe) 78 (EdvartJson 23L 

Thursday's late results: 

GROUP A: MacsaU Tel Avh> M (Johnson 25. 
Jzmchy 24. McGee 19k Manchester Giants 72 
(Kennedy 26. Scott 14. Brookings 12 
Pemberton 10). 

CROUP Ik Manchester United 7B (W Brawn 10. 
Gardner 13. Penty 13k M M Edenburan 77 
(Young 21, Goggen IB, W8y 12). 


Second win 
for Gaspoz 
despite poor 
conditions . 

Kranjska Cora, Yugoslavia (Reu- t 
terj-Joel Gaspoz. of Switzerland, 
won his second World Cup giant 
slalom in two weeks on the Vitranc 
mountain here yesterday. “ ' 

Luxembourg s World Cup holder * - 
Marc Girardelli. struggling to find .. 
his best slalom timing and rhythm. •- 
finished fourth to retain bis overall - 
World Cup lead. 

On a course where conditions i: 
fluctuated markedly between foe 
top and bottom, and where a thin - 
new snow covering quickly wore ■- 
down to ice, Gaspoz held off a ■* 
strong challenge from Austria's - 
Robert Strolz and West Germany's 
Markus Wasraeier, to finish in 2min - - 
03.89scc. Strolz was second in 
2:04.20 and Wasmeier third in . 
2.-04.48. ' : 

“You bad to ski with real feeling . 
because of the changing con- - - 
ditiooft" Gaspoz said. “This was - 
not a perfect race. I can still ski 
better “ 

In foe race here on December 20 '. 
Gaspoz' s won partly because of a — 
second-leg slip by the Italian Robert - 
Erl ac her, but yesterday he won on 
his own merits. “I was more 
aggressive, took more risks,” he 
said. : - 

There was a moment when he felt r. 
victory drifting away. **I had a slow - 
intermediate time in foe second leg. 

I felt myself dropping back and was . . 
furious with myself” he said. “I - 
pushed to foe limits in the last 

Many racers felt this was foe first * 
major test of foe season, with a full . 
complement of stars, including 
Switzerland's Pinnin Zurbriggen. . . 
returning from injury, appearing - 
among foe top 15. 

For Wasmeier, the giant slalom 
world champion, it was the best 
result since his third place in a 
downhill at Las Lenas, Argentina, in — 
August and he felt himself closer to 
his goal of a first World Cup win. 

Wasmeier. still seeking mil fitness 
after injuring a knee playing football 
last month, said: "1 can build on 

Girardelli' s fourth place was his., 
best result in a tcbnical discipline. - 
this season. “Bui this is still not ' 
good enough for me. I'm skiing too ■ 
far from foe gates." the Austrian- 
born skier said. 

Zurbriggen, foe overall World 
Cup runner-up last season, was 
pleased with eleventh position, his--' 
first time in foe top IS this season. - 
He had missed four races after '- 
injuring his back In mining for foe'*; 
Val d'lsere downhilL 

RESULT: J Bosom (Swftz). 2mtn BSJSmr 
22. J Strata (ausnT £04.20-. 3. M Wumatar 
(WG). 2:04.48: 4. M GtrantaB (Lux), 24M.71; 5, 

Zurbriggen (Swftz). 205.01: 12. H Em (Auaft 
236.45-13. A Gin# Oft 206-46; 14. M Juten . 
(Swta). ZMSJ: 15. 0 Jotecb (K), 2fift6ft 

GimttaH I03pta; equal 2, P MUtar (Swkz) 90. 
P Mmsberger (Aiuft 90; 4. R PMrovfc (Yug). . 
68; ft Strata «; 8. Gaspcs 81 . 

STANDINGS: 1. Gaspoz fllpt*; 2. Strata 55: ' 
equal 3. Stennurk. Ertodwr 4% ft GiiwdeB 34; 
Aqual 8, R PramoMoo Oft P etr o v le 1ft 
872pts: 2. Austria 522; 3, Italy 2fl5: 4, Waal 
Germany 102: ft Sweden 172; ft Yugoslavia 
1» equal 14, Britain ft - - 


Campbell gets 
a thrashing 
from Foulds 

Neal Foulds capped foe best 
snooker of his career with a century 
break as' he swept into the quarter 
finals of foe £225,000 Mercantile 
Credit classic at Warrington yester- 
day. . __ 

The former British junior cham- 
pion crashed John Campbell, . of 
Australia, 5-1 and then said 
delightedly: “That must be the best 1 
have played as a professional. I 
ihink I only missed three shots in 
foe whole match and I would settle 
for that any time.” 

' Campbell had no answer as . 
Foulds chalked up breaks of 91 and 
64 in taking a 3-1 lead at foe. 

The 22 year-old Londoner then 
added another 91 break in foe fifth 
frame before finishing his opponent 
off in style with a break of 102 in foe 

Campbell said ruefully: “That is 
the best anyone has ever played 
against me. It is hard luck for 
anyone he plays nexL" 



UMTED STATES: Nattami AMoctatbN) (HBAt • 
Boston Caines 122. Indiana Pacers 104; , 
waatvneton Bulats 115, New Vori— 
KnWujrfxxKars IQS; Chicago Buis 131, DHrafe**- 
Ptstons 122; Houston Rocksxa 120; Golden 
State Warriors 115; Sacramento Kings 114, 
San Antonio Spurs 10ft - 


NORTH AMERICA: Nattami Imgw (HHL): 
Buffalo Staves 2, Devon Had Wines 2; Quebec :- 
NodStaJes 3, Hartford Whalers 2; New York - 
I slanders 7. Boston Bruins ft- Minnesota Norm 
Sian 3, Vancouver Canucks 2; Edmonton . 
OH*** 4, Calgary Flame* 3; PMadelpMa Flyers .. 

HAMV-toST'c 1S3&A; World Jwior Cham- j" 
pta neh fac Final acana: Soviet Union 4. . 
Canoda 1: Caocfcos&svaUa 2, Hiriand ft 
SMwtan 10. West Germany ft Unind Sates 
11, SMtaariand3. 


Soviet Union 8 

Canada 5 

Sweden 4 

Finland f 

Czechostovahia 3 




PIS > 








10 . 




8 . 




6 ,- 




6 .. 


COLOGNE: Cologne six -day race: Ptaud „ 
■•suite: 1. ft and S Hermann (Ltach), 258pw 2, . 
S Toume/E do WM* Bel), 144. Two taps 
beWndt ft D Ctarit [Aufll/r Doyle (GO), 21ft 


BOWL GAMSfl: Cotton Boot Texas A and M. 
35, Auburn 16 fm Dates). 



nvotr^4^ftWatfart 2. CowiBBter ft 
southern jumor FLOOOUT CUP: Second! 
round: HorMdi 2. Cnafflon 1. 



10 45 
20' 30 
3ft- 50. 
15 25 
50 50 


Crana Montana 35- 50 

Miner) 50 -40 

SaeoFto 2D -83 

St Moritz 55 45 

Wan - 20 88 

flCOlUMh Cakngon 
ekiKffit cemplete new am 

' el WMrtr 
Plate - *C 

Pwdr. .O 0 

Pwdr G -3 

dPwdr F -12 

Pwdr F -J 

Pwdr G 0 

, Pwdr G ^ 

•Pwdr F -3 

Pwdr O -2. 

Pwdr G -n 

Pwar F -fi 

Upper nm; rum 

n on ■ flnt hue. 


MOM nw WB atnwtt complete now snow 
on 6 llrm oeee kwar capes no snow v vere 
Etta new mow. Vertical nms 1,000 tart, tm 
raetfs dear- Mrt roads pear- Snow tavafc 

ftOOO leeL Qtenrtw; Upper nrac anow cover 
neteriy new snow. Lower stapes; towed 
nursery areas new snow. Vented nns i JWO 
leeL ran roeos: deer. Main roads deer. Grew 
tort: ijjoo tom. OtanoM (open we ertvta 
ertrt Upper nm* sane runs «mpw» 
wtadcwB at a hart beta. Lower d ope* ample 
nurson areas wndaust on a win base. 
Verted runs; 800 leeL «« rood* deer. Ifcta 
roade deer. Snow tamt 2^200 leeL Lecftt 
Uaper rune n/n oanplrt near enow on a fm 
tm. MStte new nw caitoete nmranowon 

a firm base. Lower dopes: row comple t e new 
snow. Vertical runx GOO feet HU reeds efigfe 
enow. Main roads: sight snow. Snow tovet 

Spain Depm Sum 

(era) ot WeaUier 

L U Ftata - *C 

r Beret 46 BS - . - - 

SO 50 - - 

40 100 - -4 

LaUkfiaa - 20 * - 

Masada 10 IS -2 

Ptodeoea 30 60 

Ssnftlta . 20 .25, . - .r.. . 

Sdyrtcre - 110 - 









Plights from ^twksvheathrow/manchester 







Many happy returns for 
Mills as old guard 
and television reappear 

By Clive White 
Television cameras bring 
football back into focus for 
millions of followers ~ ihi< 
weekend t-fter an absence 
lasting eight months. Viewers 
wiU find that little has changed 
and those who have forsaken 
the sport for an even longer 
tune may find that not even the 
laces have changed. 

kvoinites like Mills, 
Wue, Horton and Higgins ma y 
all he nn fa ^ 3 

injuries and suspensions bite 
into team squads as fiercely as 
the weather. 

Mills and Honon. or course, 
are still playing as well as 
managing at Stoke City and 
Huh City, 'respectively, though 
their appearances are less 
frequent these days. But few 
would have expected to see 
Higgins and Wile still perform- 
ing in 1 986. Higgin's comeback 
is particularly interesting and 

Two years ago, while club 
captain at Everton, Higgins was 
forced to retire because of a 
pelvic injury. He ihen had to 
swallow back the frustration 
and unhappiness while he 
patted lhe back of the Everton 
team who. after several indiffer- 


ent years, finally came good 
again -very good. 

He was granted a testimonial 
and given an insurant** pay- 
ment. But his injury did 
respond to treatment and earlier 
this season Manchester United, 
of all clubs, chose to sign the 27- 
year-old defender on Central 
League forms which meant he 
was not available to play in the 
Football League, but for the FA 
Cup he was sull eligible. 

Higgins’s impressive form for 
the reserves and United’s 
numerous injuries bave cleared 
the way for a remarkable return 
to senior football in today's 
third round tie against Roch- 
dale at Old Trafford. 

The quality of the opposition 
clearly did not detract from 
Higgins's joy at being given the 
chance to sample the big-time 
atmosphere once more. ’“Su- 
perlatives cannot really explain 
my feelings,” be said. 

United, who are without 
Hogg, Moran, McGrath, Rob- 

son, Gidman and Olsen for a 
variety of reasons, also welcome 
back Duxbury, the former 
England full back though his 
two-month absence because of 
injury seems short by compari- 

In contrast to Higgins, the 
return of Wile, who played 499 
first division games for West 
Bromwich Albion across two 
decades, is a most reluctant one. 
Now manager of Peterborough 
United and two months short of 
his 39th birthday, he has been 
forced to dig out his boots again 
because of injuries to face Leeds 
United. Among those injured is 
Firm, wbo coincidentally has 
been advised to retire from the 
game. Perhaps he should first 
have a word with Higgins. 

The return of Horton, Hull 
City’s player-manager, is surely 
on merit - unbiased of course - 
and the evidence that with his 
services they scored a startling 
4-1 victory at Barnsley on New 
Year’s Day yet without him 
they crashed 5-0 at Mil] wall. 
Mills, the former Ipswich Town 
and England full back, may be 
forced to gamble on his own 
fitness at 37 (his birthday is 
today) for tomorrow's tie at 
home to Notts County. 


Birmingham v Altrincham 

Kennedy is Birmingham's chief doubt 
Gaddis's ntne&s is unproven. Roberts 
and Bremner should return. Altrincham 
are not naming their side but Wealands, 
cnce of Birmingham, is sure to keep 

Bristol R v Leicester 
Leicester are unchanged. Goalkeeper 
Green, Welsh intematationai Stevenson 
(after two months) and captain Jonas all 
return for Bristol Rovers. 

Bury v Barnsley 
Walsh is set to return for Barnsley, 
whose form has suddenly turned sour. 
Gross and Ogtay. bath teenagers, may 
also play. Bury welcome back Ross but 
HB is staB not fit. 

Carlisle v QPR 

Finery is again ruled out for Rangers but 
James is available after tonsititis. 
Faraday is likely to continue in midfield. 
Carlisle should be unchanged. 

Coventry v Watford 
Barnes's Injured thigh is giving Watford 
concern. Peake may have to play for 
Coventry irrespective of match fitness. 

Crystal P v Luton 
Aytott formerly with Luton, has shaken 
on a thigh injury to make himself 
available lor Palace. Flnrugan is out with 
an ankle Injury. Luton are unchanged. 


Fnckley v Rotherham 

Etay and anothr juiior are under 
consideration by Rotherham, who wtti be 
without Pugh and Trusson. Frickley wfll 
be without Hootey, who is cup-tied, tut 
hope Foley wifl have recovered from a 
puked muscle. 

G illingham v Derby 
Davison, Derby’s leading scorer, is - 
doubtful. Lewis Joins the squad. 
Cochrane is free from suspension for - 

Grimsby v Arsenal 
Arsenal are hopeful that Robson will 
return. Williams is again omitted. Peake 
is recalled by Grims&y as is Emson. 
with the Moore br o il w r a injured 
Crambie moves to the mkfcBe of defence 
and Agnew comes in at left back. 

Huddersfield v Reading 

Reading have five players injured and - 
two Bick but only White, WDrams and 
Richardson are definite non-starters. 
Huddersfield are unchanged. 

Hall v Plymouth 

Horton, the HUH player-manager, 
includes himself in tile squad. Roberts 
returns from suspension. Ptirtp. 
Plymouth's reserve goalkeeper, takes 
over from the injured Crudgmgton and ■ 
Nisbet and Coughlin are replaced by 
Burrows and Matthews. 

Ipswich v Bradford City 
Zondervan returns far Ipswich after a 
broken toe but the team is not flnaSsed. 
Bradford should beat fufl strength 

Liverpool v Norwich 

Begfin, Wark and Lee Join the Liverpool 
dozen who drew at home in midweek. 

Norwich field the same side for the ninth 
consecutive time. 

Manchester U v Rochdale 

Higgins, who retired two years ago 
because of Inquiry, w* piay for United. ■ 

Stewart Robson: Could be 
back for Arsenal at Grimsby. 

because of Inquiry, w* piay for United. • replace 
Duxbury plays his first game fri two , Withe, 
months. Turner is again preferred to 
Bailey. Rochdale expect Hicks's ankle 
to mend in time. 

Middlesbrough v So'ton 
Middlesbrough have doubts about the 
fitnass of McAndrew. Mowbray and 
PaJlistor. Southampton are without Case 
and Forrest Cockerfl and Baker 

Mi 11 wall v Wimbledon 
Wimbledon have Kay, Sanchez. Hodges 
and Hotaway receiving treatment but 
Gainers and Smith are avaflabte after 
suspension. MHIwal keep the side who 
soumfly beat Hull. 

Newcastle v Brighton 
Brighton field the same side for the fifth 
successive match. Newcastle will also 
be unchanged. 

Nottm F v Blackburn 

Blackburn are unchanged except at 
substitute where Quinn takes over from 
Ainscow. Forest are also unchanged 
because Rice damaged an ankle m 
training. There is no place for Carr 
against Ms former club. 

Oldham v Orient 
Orient are without Sitton. who is 
suspended. Godfrey remains at 
substitute. Qorim la lit to maintain his 
ever-present record for Oldham. 
Falrdough and Barlow still require tests. 

Oxford v Tottenham 

Chiedozie may return after a lengthy 
absence tor Tottenham. Faico has 
injured a shoulder. Paul Allen is m 
contention. Oxford's Hebberd has 
recovered from flu. 

Peterborough v Leeds 

Wile, the Peterborough manager, is . 
forced back into action because of 
injuries. Quow is injured and Firm has 
been advised to retire. Gags ia cup-tied. 
Linighan may return tor Leeds. Haile Is 

Portsmouth v Aston Villa 

Shaw, Karr and GJoverjoin a Villa squad 
who are sin without Wmams and 
Bradley and much success. Portsmouth 
are unchanged. 

Sheff U v Fulham 
Coney, the subject of transfer 
speculation, returns for Fulham. 
Hopkins. Carr and Skins are doubtful. 
Wednesday are without Meg son and 
Worthington. Bolton and Phritiskirk 
replace the suspended McNaught and 

'All dividends subject tn rescrathiy. matches PUTEB 2Stt DEC. 

I.T.TIf'E'AWO 0.0.S rp cools': l fve rr opt'. 

fifi p i p ' THTSKGae ' 1 *. 



12 mum 

24 PTS £96005 

23 PTS £16-92 

22V4 PTS £7-08 

22 PTS £1-65 

21 1 APT5 £1-1 1 

5 Dividends only - See Rule 9(H 
fretile Purer Avideads to ooits of Ifp 

4 DRAWS £2-80 

10 HOMES £8-95 

4AWAYS £18-70 

Above flmleMb to min ef 10p 

Expenses and Commission 

14th December 1985 - 31-6% 





N London Man wins £1 1 ,536 and Combs Man £10,824 
4 DIVIDENDS ONLY. See Ride 9(f) 

24 pts .£229.20 10 HOMES £7.10 

23 pts , £4.25 (Nothing Barred) 

22’Epts _£-j.a 5 5 A WAYS £4.80 

22P* £0.45 £4.70 

7retXe Chance Dmdenda to Urmt or Wp. 14* 

December. 198S-3ZJ*. 

020 0_^ 


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TREBLE CHANCE POOL 4 draws.... £3.20 
24 Pia ............ £72.65 2y' 4 AWA ys.. £13.80 

4 homes. £627. 00 

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John Chiedozie: may return 
for Tottenham Hotspur at 
Oxford after lengthy 

Sheff Wed v WB A 

ABuon include Owen in their squad for 
the first time this season. Hunt has a 
groin strain. Greaflsh and Robson are 
also considered. 

Shrewsbury v Chelsea 

Shrewstxry field a patched up side with 
Stevens, a forward, in defence. McNally 
and Nardletio are recatied. Chelsea nay 
bring to Lee, Hazard and Cannavita tor 
Wood. Murphy end McAJfister. 

Sunderland v Newport 

EBtott is unUkefy to recover from a 
sumach upset lor Sunderland and 
Hodgson, Gray and Wallace are all 
struggling with injuries. Bolder is 
recovering. Berry, of Newport, has 
recovered from injury to face his old 
dub. Putts is doubtful. Early pitch 

Walsall v Man C 

Walsall may bring ki DKeJTy to replace 
Sott who nas a chest infection. 
Moulden, an 1 8-year-otd forward who 
once scored 289 goals in 40 games as a 
schoo&oy. stands by tor City. Davies 
tests a hamstring injury. 

Wigan v Bournemouth 
Bournemouth take a squad of 15. 
Langley, the midfield player, returns 
after suspension tor Wigan with AspkiaO 
moving to substitute. Cubley is stffl 

York v Wycombe 
Hay and MMs are replaced by Hood and 
Hastograve in York's team. Wycombe 
will probably rely on the same team that 
has yet to concede a cup goaL 

Charlton v West Ham 
Gftarttor make a teto selection from 13 
which is dependant upon the state of me 
pitch after Palace's game. West Ham's 
arty doubt is Oit who has a jarred ankf e. 
Parris stands by. 

Everton v Exeter 
A shirt Injury means that BraceweB, as 

wefl as Steven and Sheedy, wfll be 
absent for Everton. Harper, Richardson 
and Wilkinson step up- 

Darlington v Wolves 

Wolves todude Alan Whitehead, s i gned 
on loan from WBA yesterday. In their 
squad, while Partington have Steve 
Tupeng back after Injury. Freezing 

weather means a pitch Inspection 
tomorrow morning. 

Cup favourites 

Last season's finalists, Man- 
chester United aad Everton, are 
joint favourites to win the FA Cup 
at U-2 with William Hffl, the 
bookmakers. Other odds: 6 Liver- 
pool , 10 Chelsea, 11 Tottenham, 12 
Arsenal, 14 Sheff Wed, West Ham, 
20 Nottingham Forest, 25 Luton, 
Newcastle. 33 QPR, Southampton, 
40 Watford, 50 bar. 

Milan (AP) - Diego Maradona (above) said yesterday that 
his knee does not need surgery and that it should stand up to 
the World Cop finals in Mexico In Jone- The Argentine 
forward, who plays for Napoli in the Italian league, added: 

“1 met Dr Ruben Oliva and others in Buenos Aires and all 
agreed that surgery would be useless, if not dangerous”. 
Maradona has long been troubled by an aching knee and 
dob doctors and other physicians had come to loggerheads 
recently on whether the player needed to under go sugery, 
which would threaten the player's chances of playing in the 
World Cup. Tomorrow, Maradona leads Napoli in a difficult 
away match against Como. Napoli lie second behind 
Jnventus in the league but trail by six points. The 
Argentinian doubted whether his team conld catch Jnventus 
in the second half of the season and felt that they shonld be 
thinking of a place in the UEFA Cup. 

What makes 
beat faster 

By Hugh Taylor 

Heart of Midlothian, the League 
leaders, arc hoping that by tonight 
they will find themselves even more 
fully established at the top of the 
premier division. They are four 
points dear of their nearest rivals. 
Aberdeen, Dundee United and 
Celtic, none of whom can be 
confident of taking full points from 
today's matches, and Hearts are 
playing with such confidence and 
style that it would be the surprise of 
the season so far if they were not to 
beat MotbeweU. who are experienc- 
ing the greatest difficulty in easing 
themselves off the bottom rang of 
the ladder. 

While it is true that they have 
gone down 2-1 at Fir Park already 
this season, their new blend of youth 
and experience since ihen has been 
too rich for all opponents and they 
have not lost in 1 4 games. 

As the race for the title becomes 
hotter, the most fascinating match is 
expected to be Tannadice, where 
Dundee United and Celtic meet for 
the second time in less than a a 
fortnight. United won narrowly the 
last tune but Celtic's spirits have 
been raised by their New Year's Day 
victory over Rangers and a draw 
seems the most likely result. Celtic 
have injury worries with McGugan, 
MacLeod and Provan out and 
Johnston doubtful. 

Aberdeen, the faltering cham- 
pions, also bave problems, with 
doubts about Stark and McKimmie 
allied to concern about loss of form. 
St Mirren travel to Pittodrie 
without undue apprehension, hav- 
ing beaten their opponents at 
Paisley in November and shown 
their real form during the holiday 
programme. Saints belive they can 
take a point at least. 

. Rangers, who have taken only 
eight points from their last 21 
league games, cannot be happy 
about the visit or Dundee to Ifrrox. 
Yet Rangers played skilful fooibal 
sgamst Celtic and their manager, 
Jock Wallace, stands by the 
formation which lost 2-0 at 
Parkbead. Dundee may be without 
Brown and Stephen, their leading 

Hibernian are another team 
desperate for points, having, after a 
recent good ran, taken only two 
from, their last four games. But they 
could start another revival by - 
beating Clydebank at Easter Road. 

In the second round of the 
Scottish Cup the most interesting tie 
is that between Fiat WOfiam. a new 

Hi ghlan d T wipii* twim, anrl StMIbj 

Albion, the second division side 
who made history last season by 
beating Selkirk 20-0. Arbroath, 
whose lie at Peterhead has been 
postponed, win travel to St 
Johnstone for a second division 

New rule 
adds to 
club stress 

a new rule, introduced this 
season, could force teams to play 
two FA cup games next week. 
Under the rale, any third round ties 
postponed this weekend must be 
rescheduled for Monday night. 

That applies even to the three 
games due on Sunday. If any or all 
of them are called off because of the 
weather, they must be rearranged 
for Monday night. If any teams do 
have to play on Monday, and draw, 
they must also stage the replays next i 
week. | 

The rale was brought in to I 
prevent a fixtures back-log. 

Gemmell takes 
over Rovers 

Tommy Gemmell, the former 
Celtic and Scotland full back, has 
been appointed manager of Albion 
Rovers. He takes over from Joe 
Baker, the former England player, 
who resigned as coach six weeks ago 
owing to pressure ofbusiness. 

It will be the first managerial 
venture in six years for GennndL 
wbo m ade 23 international Appear- 
ances and scored one of the goals 
which won the European Cop for 
Celtic in Lisbon in 1967. He moved 
from Celtic to Dundee, where he 
spent three years as a player, 
followed by four as- manager until 
his dismissal in 1 980. 

Gemmell takes over as Albion 
Rovers prop up the second division, 
having collected only seven points 
from 19 games. He ts in charge at 
Hampden Park today when Rovers 
face Queen's Park. 

Palace aid 

Dulwich Hamlet have agreed to 
stage Crystal Palace’s Football 
Combination matches at Champion 
Hill, as from January 7, when Palace 
play Fulham (2.0). Palace have been 
placing their reserve matches at 
Leatherhead’s ground since early 
October, when Charlton Athletic 
moved in to share the facilities at 
Sdhurst Park. ' 

Youth switch 

Chesterfield's home third round 
FA Youth Cup match against 
Manchester United has been 
switched from today to Monday 
evening (kick-off 7.30) because the 
pitch is frozen. 

Belles ready 

The women’s FA stage the fourth 
round or their cup tomorrow. 
Doncaster Bettes, last year's beaten 
finalists, will fancy their chances of 
winning the trophy if they overcome 
Biggleswade at home. The holders, 
Friends of Fulham, were surpris- 
ingly beaten by Aylesbury in the last 

Italians need foreigners 
to boost attendances 

Milan. Italy (AP)- - Attendances 
in the first half of the Italian League 
season are down 7 per cent on last 
year. However, takings did not show 
any significant decrease as a resale 
of increased ticket prices. According 
to figures released by (he Italian 
League this week 444 million 
people have attended football 
matches so far this reason. 

Football offidais blamed the drop 
on (he "Heysd effect” when 39 
supporters dkd hi crowd violence In 
Brussels last May. fewer new 
foreign stars and the undisputed 
leadership of Janata, which 
deputed the tide race of any thrill, 
for the drop in attendance. 

Despite the overall decline 
I nterragion ate Milan. Napoli and 
Ffoi eulina reported a higher number 
of supporters during the first pari of 

the chanmphmship. lute, who 
Include m thdur One-up the West 
German forward, Karl Heinz 
ftranrwnlg gc, itnprored their attead- 
•acr figures by 36,000 £us from the 
previous year while their taking 

me by 1.1 biUioii lire ($550,000). 

1 Although winning the European 
and Inter-continental Cups, ami 
their great showing in the chaapian- 
shfp, J trams reported a drop of 
30,000 supported In he lint part of 
foe season. H o w e v e r experts 
predicted renewed interest ia Italian 

football next season when frontiers 
win be reopened to foreign players, 
after foe World Cop in Mexico. 
Fereip stars, such a$ foe Argeati- 
man Diego Maradona, of Napbfi, 
the Dane Fredea Elkfaer, of Verona 
aad Rommenigge, boosted attend- 
ances in Italy last year. 


Soviets win 
world title 
with time 
to spare 

Hamilton, Canada, (AFP) - The 
Soviet Union won the junior world 
championship two days before the 
cod of the competition when they 
beat Canada, holders of the title on 


Canada took an early lead hot foe 
Soviet Union were incteasLogiy 
dominant as the match wore on and 
won by a 4-1 (1-1. 1-0, 24)) margin. 

The victory means foe Soviets 
cannot be .overtaken in the 
standings whatever the result, of 
Canada’s last' pw«f««h , ^gafw^r 
^Czechoslovakia. Canada, however, 
are certain to finish ninners-op. 

A 17,000 crowd saw Shayne 
Corson put Canada ahead. Ale- 
xander Semak equalized . 

Canada were never given a 
chance from then . on and Ospinou 
gave the Soviets the lead barely two 
minutes into foe second penod. 
Khatdaroy made it three six. 
minutes into the final period and 
VTaznykin. was on target less than 
two minutes later to complete foe 
humiliation of the host country. 

Results, page 19 


Halliday for 
success indoors 

By Sydney Friskm 

St Albans, foe English dram- there will be kren romp^itiou in 
trioas.' bSfotbeir <3a« in foe thisgoup Jr the two pfoces wto* 
SSr indoor quauyforihesetm*finals. 

tournament at Glasgow this after-- Groniigjeb, from foe other group, 
noon with a group match a g ainst arc hoping to be the first Dutch 
too holders. Menzie- team to win the tournament Their 
shill last Sunday defeated Gromn- main inspiration comes from their 
gen, foe Dutch champions, 9-6 in captain, Japp Schultz, a Dutch 
the final of a rn'mifar tournament at international, 

Dundee. . The remaining teams from thi* 

MenzicshiD arc «dring nyc nge ^ Murray International 

alter fo«r defeat by St Albans in foe Petals. Firebrands of Bristol, atvt 
semi-finals of the tournament tot ^ Avoca. Firebrands 

raonfoiuZwoIkm foe Netherlands. replaced Tea m Volkswagen 

where St Albans went on to Brush &Qja ^ gg 

nmners-up to Anmnen, of Austria. thc death ^ Sunday of Frank 
MeuarahiD were muri. Green during a training weekend in 

In Hurst, Si Albans have one of 
the best indoor goalkeepers m the * 

. ■ < . OiiMnnn mmnMitmn in tk.. 

world, hut their main hopes of 
success rest with Halliday, wett 
known for his ability to accelera t e at 

Outdoors, competition in ih c 
Norwich Union East Ixagoe, the 
Me Ewans Lager South league, and 

Known u»r ms oornij w « *«*- “ ■■ — , “ 

short notice. He is also an expert at foe Sun Life West Prague will be 
comers and penalty strokes. Men- resumed today, , foe nzza Express 
? l.h in voPhfM-cAn I nndnn Leamie havina conrintiMi 

rirfh tti will look to. McPherson, 
Christie and CnthiH to get foe goals. 
The other two teams in this group 
arc Amiens, of France, ana 
Indispension Trailers, Glasgow, and 

LYi=HH=iM.iaKUI;l : 4--] 

London League having condoned 
uninterrupted by the festive season. 
The team of the month award in- the 
London League for December goes 
to Reading who are still unbeaten. 



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The Times or The Sunday Tillies 

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for Mordt 
look even 

ByKeith Macklin 

Wigan introduce Ray Mprdt, the 
South. African intonabonal winger 
for their home game with $wfnton 
tomorrow and at the same tiV win 
switch on- their new nndergrooud 
heating if frosts threaten the game/ 
Wigan are virtually at fnH str eng th 
and Should have little trouble 
accounting for a weakened Swintoa 

if Mordt has an outstanding, 
match he is in line for a surprise 
place in Wingan's John Plover 
Special Trophy final a g ai n st Hull. 
Kingston Rovers next Saturday. 

Mordt's Springbok colleague, 
Rob Louw, waits slightly longer to 
make his first, appearance for 
Wigan. He will probably be ; 
introduced in the reserve • game 
aganist Widnes on Wednesday. 

St Helots : are troubled with 
injuries for the visit to Halifax and 
may suffer their fourth consecutive:' 
defeat against one of the in-form 
sides of the moment. Halifax are 
second in the .table and should, beat 
a Saints team . who are without 
Arkwright and- . Holding, their 

Oldham, who slipped badley at 
Leeds on New Year’s. day,, hope to 
have Jones, prop forward, recovered 
from ankle trouble as they travel to 
Featherstone Rovers tomorrow. 
Warrington expect Rath bone, their 
international second row forward, 
to be back after injury for the 
important game against Widnes, 
first division leaders. The division 
leaders give fitness tests today to 
Burke, Wright and Dowd. Sawn 
are to give tests to Fletcher, their full 
back and Baker, half bade, before 
naming a team for the relegation 
battle against Bradford Northern. 

In the second division Rochdale 
Hornets are unchanged for the 
home game against' Sheffield 
The top game is between. the 
promotion chasers, Barrow' and 
Wakefield Trinity while Fulham 
have their sternest test of the season 
at Chiswick with the visit of 'Leigh 
• Terry Flanagan, of Oldham, and 
Mick Collins (Dewsbury)" are to 
appear before the Rugby League 
disciplinary committee next Thurs- 
day. as a sequel to the flare-up in the 
Oldham-Dcwsbury game on Dec- 
ember 15. 

Two other players, David Hobbs 
(Oldham) and Keith Mason (Dew- 
sbury), have been banned for four 
games after bring sent off by the 
referee. John Hofes^irth. Oldham 
will appeal against foe four-match 
ban on Hobbs. 

The league's management com- 
mittee are expected to discuss on 
Monday the referee’s claims that thei 
free-for-all constituted a brawl. - I 

Feeney awaits 
on title bout 

■John Feeney’s chances." of. an 
eleventh championship bout still, 
rest on a decision 10 be taken by tire 
British Boxing Board of Control at 
next Wednesd a y’s meetings i 

They are awaiting a letter from 
Terry Lawless, the manager, stating 
that the official leading' contender 
Jim McDonnell is pulling out of tbe 
nomination to box either Feeney or 
Swansea's. Robert . Dickie- for the 
British Featherweight title vacated 
by Barry McGuigan. 

It would be bod boxing business 
for McDonnell to go through with 
that contest. His newly-won enro- 
pean title would automatically be at 
stake and he could earn bigger 
purses for defending it' in continen- 
tal rinp or on nuyor London 

The board’s secretary, Ray 
Clarke, said yesterday Tve been 
told the letter is on its way. But until 
we receive it the position remains 
the same — McDonnell is official 
contender. When it does, the 
stewards must decide if Fertay and 1 
Dickie are to fight for- the vacant 
championship.” i. - 

• Suva (AP) - Aisea Naina, the 
Fijian cnriicrweifbt, has been 
banned from boxing , in Australia 
and Fiji for six months after being 
knocked out twice in 48 hours. The 
ban followed revelations by .a 
Sydney newspaper that Nania had 
broken the rules of Australian and; 
Fiji boxing by taking part in a 
contest in Melbourne, two days after 
being knocked out in a bout in Suva.. 


World champion 
breaks ankle 

By Phillip Nicksan . 

The year could not have : had a 
worse beginning for Karen' Briggs, 
Britain's 22-year-old world bantam- 
weight judo champion, who, in her 
first practice of 1986, broke a bone 
in her ankle. 

"My own national team manager, 
Roy Inman, threw me and although 
I landed fairly cleanly my leg .was 
driven with a whiplash effect into 
the mot”. Miss Briggs said. 
"Nevertheless, T should be back ia 
time for the European champion- 
ships in London, in ‘March and 
completely fit for my world title 
defence in October in Holland.” 

Miss Briggs is uniikejy to compete 
ia the West Gentian Open in 
February as expected, but with her 
impressive victory in the Fukuoka 
championships fit "Japan only last 
month she feels she win not be too 
starved of competition practice at 
• the E ur ope an championships, in 



ontradeal should stake Gold claim Geldings given their 

f : : EyMaadririn " ' 

Mont Them Want, Mandarin, 
Mill House and Hie: Dikkr 
have achieved four Cheltenham 
Gold Cnp triumphs &r. Fulke 
Wafwyn during his - dis- 
tinguished 46-year ' training 
career. So vriteo tbs 75-year-bld 
maestro .suggests that his. dp-: 
and-eoming chaser, Cont ra dea l , 
may be" Gold Cup material -his 
opinion-:- ‘Should - not " he dis- 

. Walwyn gives Contradeal Ms 
sternest, .jest .to, date whoa 
saddling linn' agyp** good-class 
chasers -'in today’s Anthony-. 
MUdznay, Peter. Cazalet- Memi 
orial. /Handicap, .. the" feature 
event on .a competitive ■San- 
d<wn Park programme. . . 

The nine-year-old. unbeaten 
in novice chases last' season, 
disappointed ' in two ' eaiiy 
efforts on festground this term, 
but shpwed ins true potential 
when^quickcbing trp well to beat 
Catch Phrase (receiving 11 lb) 
by four lengths, m a three-mile 
handicap on ■ soft ; going at 
j Worcester last month- . . _ 

' The runner-up paid a compli- 
ment tp-.Walwyn’s .hope with a., 
runaway victory at Lingfidd 
Park. On Thursday and with ho 
penalty for that , Worcester 
success ContradedT gets into' 
today's handicap with a tempt- 
ing 10 sl . . ' 

Contradeal cannot afford to 
-take., any . jumping, -liberties, 
around two arcuitsoftbe Esher 
course, but he should relish 
today's testing .conditions and. 
he is napped to- continue his 
march towards the Cheltenham 
crown.. •«. ■.'* 

-John Spcariog’s quick . and 
economical- jumper, Hun : and 
Skip, . won the. Welsh Grand 
National in autboratjve style 
and this bonny front-runner wiQ . 
ensure .a true pace throughout. I 
expect him- to -confirm his 
Chepstow running with Rhyme 

Reason, who was hampered 
id that event by 'Bnndheath’s 

Fred Winters Observe made 
a-: sparkling/ reappearance at 
Lingficld last mouith when Jie. 
would have beaten - Maori 
Venture,, hut for veering badly 
left on. the run-iii, but he has to 
concede 2L lb to Contradeal, 
who can make the- moist, of. his 
lenient weight. 7 ; T * 

Ten group one races have been 
opened to geldings and Bill Wans, 
the Richmond trainer, was tbe first 
lo celebrate. Tbe new ruling means 

that his high-class gelding. Tele- 
prompter. winner of tbe Arlington 
Million in Chicago, can be aimed at 
next season's £100,000 Coral 
Eclipse Stakes at Sand own and 
possibly the £150,000 Swenenbam 
Stud Sussex Stakes at Goodwood. 

“I’m thrilled to bits,” Waits said. 
“This should hare happened a long 
time ago. 1 am proud that Tele- 
prompter’s achievements have high- 
lighted tbe problem and that the 
change has now been made.” 

The decision to open up the races 
was approved by the European 
Pattern Committee. The five 
member countries - Britain. Ireland. 
France. Germany and Italy - agreed 
that geldings should coctioue to be 
excluded from group one races 
confined to two- and three-year-olds. 
But each country can now open its 
races for three-year-olds and 
upwards and four-year-olds and 
upwards to geldings. 

Racing commentators hare been 
calling for the inclusion of geldings 
in group one erenls for several years 
and have compared the situation in 
Europe to that in America, where 
tbe gelding John Henry became a 

national hero with a succession of 
victories in big prize-money events. 

Now Watts is hoping for a good 
year for his star. Teleprompter is 
currently enjoying a winter break, 
but will be back in training next 
week and the Coral Eclipse is the 
ntaia target. “I am not sore the 
Goodwood track will suit him. so the 
Sussex Stakes is only a possibility”. 
Watts said. 

Lord Fairhavcn, the Senior 
Steward, said: -We are confident 
that tbe inclusion of geldings will 
give an added impetus to our 
continuing campaign to promote 
racing as a spectator sport.** 

Tiie following is the list of races 
for which the Stewards of the 
Jockey Gob have approved the 
necessary modifications in con- 
ditions io enable geldings lo 
participate from (bis year. Corona- 
tion Cup (Epsom). Ascot Gold Cup, 
King's Stand Stakes (Royai Ascot). 
Cora) Eclipse Stakes (San down 
Park), Norcros July Cop (Newmar- 
ket 1 . King George VI and Queen 
Elizabeth Diamond Stakes (Ascot). 
Swcttenham Stud Sussex Stakes 
(Goodwood). Gold Cup (formerly 
Season and Hedges) (York). 
William Hill Sprint Championship 
(York). Dubai Champion Stakes 


Contradeal shows the sort of power that could make him a leading contender for the chasing crown 

Walwyn should complete .a 
. double at the meeting with Ray 
Prosser, who also looks on a 
handy mark for the 47 Park 
Street Novices* Handicap Hur- 
dle- ...... 

Nick Gaseire has enjoyed a 
rich harvest with his novice 
chasers this winter and his The 
Catchpool, who opened his 
account in promising style at 
Lingfield Park recently, can 
capturethe Le'Gavrochc Novic- 
es’ Chase at lie expense of 
Indamdody and Ragged Robin. 

The Roux Restaurants Tol- 
wonh Hurdle" has attracted a 
small but select field of novices 
including the runaway Kem- 
pton Park .scorer. Yabis, and 
David Nicholson’s impressive 

dual winner this season. Tirkile 
Boo. - But 1 prefer the Jim J ©cl- 
owned Midnight Count, who 
showed great potential when 
accounting for Oppidan (a good 
winner since) by 10 lengths in a 
big field of novices at Chelten- 
ham Iasi month. 

Josh . Gifiord, Midnight 
Count’s trainer, also holds a 
strong hand in the opening 
Andre Lasserre Novices’ Hur- 
dle. with his Lingfidd scorer. 
Goodman Point, a recruit from 
Guy Harwood's Flat stable'. 
Tsairella and El Galileo are also 
interesting candicaies, but Lord 
Chelsea's Wantage, formerly 
trained by Dick Hern, won with 
plenty in hand when making a 
successful jumping debut at 

Hereford, and should be fol- 

The main event at Haydock 
Park, the New Year Handicap 
Chase, has cut up badly to three 
runners, leaving an excellent 
opportunity for Monica Dickin- 
son's Branding Iron to collect 
the spoils following his encour- 

aging comeback after a long lay- 
off behind Newtifc Connection 
at Wctherby in December. 

The Harewood stable can 
have another success in the 
Makerfield Handicap Hurdle 
with the lightly-raced Belfieid 
Boy, who landed a novice event 
for Mick Lambert last season. 

Revitalized Bdbsline can 
make light of top weight 

From Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 
Supporters of Dawn Run will be defeats, bul the trainer reports that 

looking to Kilkilowen for a 
confidence-boosting display in the 
Boyne Handicap Cnase at Naas this 
afternoon. but at a difference of 91b 
Kilkilowen could si ill lack the pace 
io upset the lop weight. Bobsiine. 

Today’s course specialists 

Bobs line seems to be very well tn 
himself and he could profit from 
the fact (hat he had a rest over 

Frcdcoicri. twice a winner of the 
Sweeps Hurdle, was tapped for carl;, 
speed at Leopard stowii, but ran on 
well to take Lhird place over fences 
behind Hungary Hur. There docs 
not app^r now to be anything m 
the Binck water Novices’ Chase 
capable of gening Fredcoicri oIT the 


TRAINERS: F YVaJwyn, 22 Winners trem 90 
runners. 24 A*.* 0 Bswonh. 10 Iran 44. 
227V.. N Henderson. 8 from *8, 16 7%. 
JOCKEYS: 3 Smith Ecctes, 20 winners Iroei 71 
rdra. 262*1. Ur T Thomsen Jones. 6 from 29. 
20.7%. P Barton. 10 (ran 53. 189*.. 


TRAINERS: F Welwyn. 20 wmors (ran 62 
rumen. 24.4V R Armysne. 10 Iran 57. 
]7J>V N Henderson 8 (ran 46. 17 4% 

J0CK3Y5: G Mernagh. 4 winners Iran 20 
rides. 23.0*.: A Webber. 15 from 118. 12.7V G 
MaCotrt. 6 horn 88. 6.8%. 


TRAINERS: Mrs M Octunson, 23 winners Iran 
75 runners. 38.7V M Pipe. 5 trom 17. 29.4V 
M H Eestwby. IS trom 67. 23.9V 
JOCKEYS: R Eentshaw. 12 winners Iran 45 
ndes. 28.7%. M Dwyer. 9 Iran 37. 24.3V J J 
O NeOt IS Iran 68 . 18.0V 

Kilkilowen ran twice at Leopards- 

■»»" «*«„d. .«■ cf.>.c ^ ■5¥,^ d S =? ""=; 

second occasion made much late ir ■ ^ 

ftEf sa— foe 1 -SESJE 

four-lengihs winner D^awmftum of ® ei|IB » ****** off t 

Bobsline at his best though, 
would be rated the equal of Dawn t r j i ■ 

Run. He has. how ever, been iiCVCCCK iiIS52CL50n 
something of a disappointment in -p,! ^ 6 

swwffis is 

^’'’ n l !r~ hC " lr>i ? l ,0 f iVC * £ lur JS? Ss 

hu^e weight conu?sston to both. overnight Frost caused the aban- 
Francis Flood could 1ir.d no donment of todav s scheduled 
physical explanation for these meeting at Sedgelicld. 

•rn r f?r ;hi r? 

Going: good to soft, (chose course); soft hurdles 
12.45 HATTON NOVICE CHASE (Oiv I: £1 ,650:3m) 
(11 runners) 

2 0-p41 JUBILEE KING M Chapman 8-11-10 - 

5 p032- ARCTIC MARINBtWG Turner 8-1 1-4 - 

7 004/1 ASMJOHTKBWiop 7-11-4 I Frost 

9 0/00-0 CHERRY Prt R Armytaga 8-1 1-4 -A Weetar 

18 Op-44 LAKEFIELO J Bukovets 7-11-4 - 

19 1000 MARTMCR03SWG M Turner 8-11-4 AJones 

21 OfOt- MISTER MAXWELL C Holmes 1 1-1 1-4 - 

25 101-4 POLAR SUNSETT Forster 8-11-4 A Sherwood 

32 OwOT STEARS8Y Mrs J Pitman 7-1 1-4 UPltman4 

26 00/0-0 WESTERN BORDER A VMeon 10-11-4 iSuihem 

37 4-041 WISE WORDS P Baltey 8-11-4 JJ Browne 

1985: Meeting sbandoned - Frost 

4-5 Steersby. 2 Polar Sunset, 10 JubHee King. 12 Wbe Words. Arctic 
Manner. 16 others. 

Warwick selections 

By Mandarin 

12.45 Slearsby. 1.15 Harry’s Double. 1.45 Asraid. 2.15 
Misty Fori. 2.45 Galesburg. 3.15 Croix De Guerre. 3.4S 
Bold Illusion. 

Michael Seely's selection:^ 1 5 Shrewd Operator. 

1.15 LEASOWES NOVICE HURDLE (Oiv I: £1,295: 
2m) (25) 

5 02/3-0 ANOTHER LEASONJCosgrawe 9-1 1 -0 — ,-JSuthem 
8 BARQEKHETRirsiBr 5-11-0 MrL Harvey 7 

2.15 MYTON HANDICAP CHASE (£3.331: 2m 40(11) 

2 1JU3 THE REJECT iPt F Winter 7-11-7 JCV^san 

3 1T3-4 MISTY FORT rCJJ T Ffy^let 5-11-5 G U‘?L our 

4 CflCl KELLY'S KC*:C5 ID| Jtt-WMI-M . *W4.nsr,-» 

6 3020/ LATE MISHT EXTRA Id) h Barev 10-1 1-0 __ _A xr tl 
P.DOap- DINGBAT (Dl Mrs S D»W^-30rt 1 0-10-1 1 __.A Snarcu 
9 «S-3 EHREWD OPERATOR S MpBor 9-10-9 - 

11 31 -pO FUR2EN MILL (CD I JSKinj 7-10-7 SS^crwiwd 

12 11-03 GRATEFUL HEIR IJGnstlM 7-10-6 . ..D Etawre 

13 10-11 JOHKS PRESENT (CD) R KolCer 8-10-S |6 B4I 

P Richards 

15 Ip-pO SOME SHOT (Cl P Armytage 7-10-0 .. . J> /JOBOOr 
19 CHARLEY FISKER (D| J Coogiave 11-10-0 .. A Webber 

2 Johns PiWCffl. 130-30 The Reiect. 5 Maty Fort, 13-2 Kefl> s 
Honjr. B StvewO Opuralor. 10 GratuJul Heir. 14 cC*rS. 

2.45 HATTON NOVICE CHASE (Div II: £t.68B: 3m) 
( 10 ) 

1 3-113 GALESBURG OF) M Gaislee 7-11-10 D Browne 

8 p CASTEL GANDOLFO K Uunn 9-1 1-4 RStraKb 

17 0-0 LORD GREENFIELD M:s G JCnas 6-11-4 PF«h7 

20 I4b0 MIMWAX Mrs J C arrow B- 1 1-4 GWomagli 

25 041-0 PcP TALK F Welwyn 8-1 1-4 RPuscY 

23 f-lbf REDCOWN R Armyta-a e-11-4 „...Mr M ArmytarM 7 

23 f-lbf REDD3WN R Armyta-a e-11-4 — Mr I A Armynm 7 

31 p3 SHEaEEARKBbhcpMl^* J Froct 

34 232-3 TURKANASMrtor 6-11-4 - 

38 IpOp OAR CAMEL W G M Turner 5-11-2 A Jcnes 

33 34-CJ HAVCN AIR J Spaaring E-iO-13 SShemroe-a 

ti-8 Galesburg. 3 Havon Air. 11-2 Pep Tik. 13-2 Turkana. 10 
Sitebbcar. 14 others. 

CALIPH J Glcver 5-1 1-0 

CHELSEA MAN M OBver 5-1 1-0 

... — Dale McKeown 7 
1 D Doyie 4 

13 3-422 DEER CREST J Edwerfls 6-11-0 - 

14 0 DtCK KNIGHT A Bailey 5-1 1-0 -A Carrot! 

15 00 R.YBIG BUSH (BFJ Mrs J Plunan 5-11-0 — MPHman4 

16 0041 FRENCKLAND8 LANE NPalntfcig 6-11-0 

17 r-0 GUNMAN M Tata 5-11-0 C South 

13 OS- HARRY'S DOUBLE O Sherwood 6-1 1-0 SShsYiood 

23 0- IOLN PARK PW Harris 5-11-0 Strongs 

21 KcA'JME D Anc9 H 1-0 GMcCourt 

22 0- MONTH WALLER WG Mann 7-1 1-0 - 

23 MR CHOHAMP Hedger 5-11-0 PComganT 

26 0-393 OPEN THE BOX (D) GBoUng 7-11-0 RGumt7 

28 0-00 SOUTHERN WERMTT r Armytage 6-1 14) AWetb et 

31 0 ijMKELLYJSrrmno-11-0 SJCfNe* 

44 04) HIGHTOWN FONTANA J Fo* 5-10-9 M Bndgeman 7 

45 20 JAY JAY^ PRfitCESS J Spearing 5-10-9 JJBrowns 

<8 0 MISS CANNIBAL R Pugh 5-10-9 

51 00 ANOTHER TRY K CunMngham-Brown 4-10-5 - 

59 030 WREIOM LAD C Tnatfcw 4-10-5 A Sharpe 

60 FUZZY BUG G Gracay 4-1 0-0 - 

61 GEM MART C Holmes 4-100 KBurk»4 

62 OS NORTHERN NOPE PKtOewey 4-100 - 

3 Harry s Double. 7-2 Deer Crest. 4 Open The Box, 5 Northern Hope, 

6 Barge Pole. 8 Flying Inah, 12 Ctvrtsaa Man. 16 othors. 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.301:2m)(18) 

1101/02 VANTAGE Mrs J Pltnun 7-12-7 SSetoy5 

6 0110 BURN DECK (D) VM» Price 7-1 1-7 - 

7 44XM WtNART (CD) R Hodges 8-1 1-5 WlrvineS 

8 0-00? SUPERGRASS (ElSMollor 7-11-3 4a Landau 5 



12 pp-OO DICK’S REVENGE (D) ft Hodges 7-1 1-1 __W Simpson 5 

13 St4» CELTIC BOB O CNeB 6-10-12 .T W*anw 5 

14 1421 ASMS (BHD) F Winter 7- ID- 12 N Foam 

15 13-32 RCX WOODCOCK (CO)(BF) G MnderaMy 5-10-12 


17 0010 ' ORBITAL MANOEUVERS (D) B McMahon M04 — - 

18 00-00 IOWA J Fox 7-10-9 N Hunter 5 

21 B480 NOAM HOLIDAY (B)(D) M CarteB 5-1 DO --K Traylor 5 

22 p4X3 ALCTS Mrs A Finch 5-10-0 _TBathe5 

23 p04-p SPKEY BEL G Gracey B-104) - 

24 l-p03 CIMARRON (Dl M Neugmon 8-104) 

25 3D40 DERWENT KKG (D) Mrs J Crott 9-10-0 - 

27 2001 MATELOT (0) MNaughton4-104)(4«) - 

11-4 AemkL 4 Rix Woodcock, 11-2 tMnert. 7 Matstat 8 Coral 
LetstM, Aletis. ID Cimarron, 1 4 Orbital ManoeiMre, 16 others. 

2m) (25) 

1 C4-01 CROIX DE GUERRE (0) l4rsJ Finnan 5-11-7 

M FHman4 

2 3-140 CRYEKEAO (E)(3) K3aBey6-1I-7 A Jonas 

3 301 G2RE (CD) P Etvan 5-11-7 

4 0021 MEESOH G.1ANGE (C| F Jordan 5-1 1-7 R Hyen 

6 0/20-1 BELL FOUNDER (C) G Prltcharti-Gordon 6-1 1-2 

J Barlow 

8 21 BRIGHT ARROW N Henderson 7-1 1-0 - 

10 11 CLEARLY BUST (C) C Heim's 6- 1 1 -0 D Hood 7 

14 0- EMPIRE WAY WCnartes 5-1 1-0 GfAerr.a;.-i 

1 5 0 FATHER MAC Mrs M HenOI 5-t 1 -0 j i 

16 03-0 FREEMASON OSnervrocd 5- 114> ^Shcrwboa 

18 003 INDIAN RANGE Mrs M Rure'il 6-1 14) SKcCaurt 

19 02-00 JACK'S LUCK M7om=>jns 5-11-0 SJ O'Neil 

22 03 MORAL VICTORY GEsWng 5-1 14) R GuflSI 7 

24 04) PADDY EUSKJNS I Dud^on 61 14) M 5xle» T 

15 FEGWcLL BAY T Forster 61 i-O J,1r L Hanrer 7 

32 02 VITAL BOY (E) R KoMar 511-0 J»RJcha/Ce 

33 p-0 WELSH SPY J Vir-rth 61 1-0 P CcniTin 7 

34 6240 WHARRY BURN I Cucceon 611-0 M R-disrcs 

37 00 EK2SAN1ZER C Trie'Ane 7-1C-9 ASherp, 

42 p PALS DELIGHT A Chamberlain 61 0-9 ... — AChamMriBin 

4 3 TRUE BLOSSOM J Webber 6169 Atf.'eDber 

43 p SHINY FELLA jCeB10!H-1 65 - 

53 p0 CASE OF GOLD JCcSRn 4-10-0 - 

54 CODED LOVE E Wheeter 4-10-0 MBow*y 7 

55 01 KHAT7I HAWK C James 4-104) - 

11-4 Croat De Guerre, 3 Bel Founder. 9-2 CtoarH Bust. 6 Meeson 

Grange. 8 Gere. 12 Bngni Arrow. 14 Indian Ranga, 16 Moral Victory. 

2m 50(18) 

3 C31/3 NBISLEDOVE (O GPnce 1611-7 R Crank 

5 30(3 USLARY LAD Mis M P.HTV3JI 611-3 GMcCourt 

7 pO/u-i SHOUTTT0UTJCannS-ll-l(3wi - -Ceetce rnrsn 

8 1032- POLISH J Spearing 6 11-0 h warmer 

9 4310 KAUAQ (SF) DHoHv6114) C SewarO 


• - .stf' 

•; . ( r*i ' 

Prean in Europe 
, 0 top 10 event 

Cart Picsn’s victory m the 
Belgian open chain p ton s hi p nst 
November bos catapulted him up 
tbe European table tennis ra nk ings 
and earned him a chanc e to compete 
in the European top 12 tou rnam ent 
at the end of this month. 

The 18 -year-ald England mter- 
iu Lionel h«« leapt IS places to a 
Dumber 13 European tanking and 
be wm nOw go : 10 Sodcrtafce, 
Sweden, as reserve for the top 12. 
event from January 31 -rebnwry 2 . 

If Prean k called upon to play he 
will meet Fngfond No 1 Desmond 
Douglas, who has dropped one place 
to sixth in the European rankings: 

Lisa Bellinger is -"the top" English 
girl in the European list, bat drops 
one place to No 22. 

i mim 

^ I » p* 1 [ l" 

9 4310 KAUAG (3F) D Koflv 3-11-0 C Sewaro 

11 0GO6 BOWDEN I Dudocon £-1613 RChaprr«n4 

13 2303 RIG STEEL P D Cuncea 6169 SCcwlBy7 

15 6011 CUMREW (BHD) N Vigors 5-10-8 16 ext .HON-RUNNER 

16 2620 BOLD ILLUSION (C) MEOJ^/ 610-6 S Sherwood 

18 0330- SEVEN'S SPECS P Currdeil 6165 AGamum 

19 0/3-te BRA‘I90 DWinU4 6 lO-J ACyiOfl 

20 IIW MISTER BOOT O O'Nafll 7-1 63 J Sutnsm 

21 2102 PRINCE'S DRIVE (O BPattr^6iC-2 _C Emns 7 

22 1400/ KENFORD K BUley 11-10-0 AJcrws 

24 4103 SUNSHLNE GAL P Bowden 610-0 -RD 0 nrBS 4 

27 iu34- SWEETHEART A James 6160 - 

28 0000 LUIGI'S GLORY GYa/dey 610-0 - 

29 00-02 THE SHINER M Tata 61C-0 C Smith 

7-2 Shcuntoui, 4 Nimbfe Dova, 5 Palish. 6 Kamag. Rjg Sisal. 8 Bold 

Dinion. 10 Tha Srmer, 12 Pimcs'5 Drive. 14 olhare. 

Lower in control 
oo Mibobelle 

r * 1 ■ * — — m 



The current National Hunt 
season has produced a crop of useful 
young nders and none more 
competent than Jonathan Lower, 
who gained his I Hih winner of lhc 
season when easily landing tiie 
White Lodge Conditional Jockeys' 
Handicap Hurdle at Haydock 
yesterday on -the well backed 13-S 
favourite, Ri bo belle. 

Lower, aged 18. who joined 
Martin Pipe's Somerset stable on 
leaving school, had ridden only one 
winner prior to this campaign in 
which half of his successes have 
been gained Lhrough doubles. 

“A local boy from Taunton. 
Jonathan came to me with foe nglu 
credentials.” Pipe said. “He has a 
background of cross-country and 
show jump riding. He has the right 

at 9$i 91b”. 

Ribobellc was the 36fo winner 
this season for Pipe, w ;ho reported 
that his Champion h’urdie hope. 
Corporal Clingcr in great heart after 
his victory at Cheltenham the 
previous day. 

9 David Elsworih plans to have 
his Gold Cup hope. Combs Ditch 
and top novice chaser. Desert 
Orchid, back in action next week. 
Combs Ditch will be a; foe John 
Bull Chase at Wincanlon on 
Thursday, while Desert Orchid’s 
target is ihe Thunder and Lightning 
Novice Chose at Ascot lhc following 


I ifl iTaii 



A BSfe^ssa«sak? sercM 

B ^^^Lr^T3Sf r s^. , S 

son. Alexander Brampton Ghaxlcs. 

SIsl la Sarah BUndy and Sebastian 
SrhrnoUor. awn. 

BOURQUE. - On 1st January in 
London. Chrtstln? Ann lo her 
Canadian parents. France and 

CKUDLEY. - On New Year's Eve, lo 
E3e=beih um wiscimni and 
NKhDts - a daughter. Rachel 

CCLUNS - On December 21S to Allle 
(nee Gmdni and Adrian a daughter 
Sell Curiofle. 

C'lTCHLEY. - On Boxing Day. 1986, 
at Mayday Hospital. Croydon, to 
Marjam (nee KhavtarchD and 
William - a son. 

DACE. - On 18th December. 1986 at 
Stourbridge la Rosalind mec Taylor) 
and Nl'jol. a son. Laurence Thomas 
Alan, brother Tor Felicity. 

DODD. - On December 27th lo Sizzle 
mee TT.relfaUi and Nicholas, a daugh- 
ter, Emma Jane, sister lor Rebecca. 

FOURNIER - On December 2DUi 1986 
m Hartford. CennecKcPL lo Cristina 
(nee SiCtrwtcfcj and Bruce, a son. 

GAYEIOR - On Slst December 1985. 
lo Catnertne and John, a daughter. 

Catherine Joanna. 

KABEHSHON - On 1st January lo 
Libby (nee Mason i and David - a son 
■ Charles Wlnlon. 

HAWLEY - On December 2SUi 19BS. 
□t HM Stanley Hospital. St Asaph, lo 
Nicola into Pcrklnsi and Geoffrey, a 
sen. David Alexander Uoyd. 

KAVnCAFJ. - On New Year's Eve. lo 
Caroline into Marem and Michael - a 
daughter. Hannah Lucy. 

RSED1AM On 3 1st December ta 
Charles and Ingnd into SeJfen) a son 

MIDDLETON - On January 3rd. to 
Lesley inee Stevesxu and Jonathan, a 
son. brother lor Virginia. 

MIDWOOO. - On January Z. 1986. lo 
Jane, wife of David - a daughter 
(Frances i. 

tVWRRtS. - On December 21 it. to 
Clnny (hoe HUbj and Nick - a 
daughter (Laura) . 

MAXWELL - On November 25. lo 
Peggy and Bertie - a son. Patrick 
Michael Herbert. 

NICKQLL. - On January t. 1986. to 
Dorothy nice Davison J and Edgar - a 
son. Joca Qian. 

SMITH - On January 2nd In Sydiuv. 
Australia lo Diana into Beckingsatep 
and FVler. a daughter (Emma 


wonjwra : I ft VIM. on January a. 
1936. al North Shields. Hugh to 
CaLKrtne. With love from Cates. 
Julian and Jenifer. 


ADS HEAD, John Wlitem. Aged 62 on 
January 3rd. peacefully al home. 
Hlglmle. London. Dearly loved 

! husband of Sue and much loved 
other of Mary. Stephen and William, 
u rural at 1.45. Wednesday. Sill 
January at A 8 Saints. Hlghgole. 
^DERSOIU. _ on a; si December 
198a. Marian Florence at her homo 
In Co Wc-stme-ath. widow of David M_ 
Anderson. D.l_. LLD.. Of SalnKlcM. 
Co Dawn. Funeral tnnk place on 3rd 
January. 1 986. No tellers please 

ATJNAL, Patricia futo BrwallJ. Journal- 
ist. on Decc.-abcr s&Ui. Funeral 
LnUwdKad Crematorium. January 
8th at 2.30pm. Flowers to FW Paine. 
High Road. Esher. 

ASKEW - On January IsL 1986. 
Monica Evelyn, of SttaHnrd Park 
Collage. GulldfonL Loved by an. 
Funeral on Wednesday. January Bui. 
at 2pm. al the Friary Chllworth. 
Burial at Shalfovd Cemctary Family 
Bowers to Pimms Funeral Services, 

BALLINGER — Peacefully, on 1st 
January, at AmpIcforUt Abbey. 
Rev d Oliver Pcier Bollinger, osb. 
Monk of Ampleforth, aged 53. 
Hcquteni Mass and burial at 
Amplcforth Abbey. Tuesday. 7th 
Jan. at 12 noon. 

BLACKSHAW, Shoena - On January 
1st 1996. PcaccfuBy at Sureties 
Hawick. Roxburghshire. Mother of 
Adrian. Funer al o n January 4th. 
Enautrtes 0450 77734. 

BREWIN. - Peacefully on January 
2nd. 1986 at the Western Infirmary. 
Glasgow alter a very brief Illness. 
Doreen, wife of Dr Thursun B. 
Brewln. much loved by all her family 
and friends. Funeral service at 
Clydebank crematorium . North 
Dalnottar on Tuesday 7th January al 
11.30am. Family flowers only. 
Donations In her mefnoty If desired 
to the Leukaemia Research Fund. 
Scottish Branch. 43 V/cslbournr 
Gardens. Glasgow 61 2 9NQ. 

CLARK - On 3rd January. In 
Melbourne. Sir Gordon Coh-in 
Lind may Chirk. AC. KBE. CMC. MG 
Beloved husband of Jane. A very 
dear father, grandfather and great- 

CUFF - On December 3lst 1985. 
peacefully In hospital after an Illness 
borne with both courage and 
humour. Ann Cliff into Slacker 
Much loved wife of Uxr late John 
MacFartand Cliff and super mother 
lo Eric. Sendee at Portctwsrtcr Crema- 
torium on Thursday. 9th January, al 
12 noon. 

PERSONAL COLUMNS enthoabjmewis 

® Trade 01-837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-837 3333 or 3311 1 ^ 0pages ” & 


resista carpets 


Massive stocks of wool blended 
Jbertocra from £3.95 sq yd + VAT 
pha many bargains in room sizes 
in aO qualities. 


TcL 01-731 2508 


SWl 7300933. 

1 Ui' i if tm •'* u .1 




® Trade 01-8370648 and 01-8373741 Private 01-857 3333 or 3311 

SANDERSON. - On December Ida. 
1985. Thomas Dawson fTommyl 
suddenly in Argentina aged 78. Be- 
loved husband of Use and rather of 


Choose from our Luxury 32* Fair- 
line. Bareboat from London- 

. 'Thames (sleeps 6> or W Rampart. 

Skippered Charter from 
Ion /Solent, i sleeps 6/7 i 


Telephone: (01) 258 1942 

YARMOUTH, Me at Wight. Self 
contained holiday (UK. tew minutes 
walk from attractive harbour. Freni 
£56 Per week. Details (0903) 

HOTEL, 4 Tempi el On Place. Carte 
Court. London SWB 9LZ. Ph. 01-370 
4333. Homely comfortable 
licensed bar from £12.60. 

THIS 18 ONLY a • 

welcome at THE HOTO. ISLE OF 
COLL. Argyll. Tel: Coll 334. May we 
send you our wee brochure? 

••A A hospitality award. Georgian 
waterside charm, fine cuisine, spec- 
tacular views, private bathrooms, 
bobtentei. TV. Tel. 072683 3316. 

S STAR COTTAGE, in freedom of 70 
acre wooded Sc rtvered estate, uni cue 


HILL - Dorothy, wife Of the late Adrian 
HilL Cremation LO be held at 
Guddford Crematorium on Friday, 
toih January, al 12 noon. Flowers 
and Inquiries to: Funeral Service Lid. 
19 The Square. Petemfldd. Hants. 


4 Cbokes'of Holiday, 

• Post Troll Rxijtg. • Improve Your Ktfirtg. 
•leom lo Rkfc. •H<XW Drawn Caravan. 
East Cattle, 510(1167. Co. Durham, 
Tel: (0207) 235354/230555 

Tcb Pelcrsflcld 62711. 


ALEXAMDER A memorial service for 
Duncan H D. Alexander ivfll be held 
at ST John’s Church Cardirron Thurs- 
day 16 January 19S601 12 noon. 

RYDER SCARFE. Memorial services 
for Mrs Joan Ryder Scarte will be 
held at Trinity Church. SI Albans al 
ttam on January 9th and United 
Reform Church. Clinton Place. 
Bedford at 1 1 am on January 16th. 


January 1966. "The pain of Dvina 
and the drug of dreams". - Y alert*. 
SPARKS- - In happy memory of John 
and Dorothy - Juliet and Harry. 



FOR 6-18*5 

Ring or write far our 
free ACTION ’86 colour 
brochure and Andy 
Peebles flem dnc. or tee 
your loud Travel Agent. 

ri-(0S89) 6351? 

(24 hour service) 
PGL Adventure. 
280 Station Street. 
Ross-on-Wye HR9 7AH 

Shropshire. Log (Ires, private river - 
aide t woodlands. Wem (09391 

Wens. Somerset 10934] 742269. Col 
bro of ISO houses In Eire. Di sc ou nt 


Beech wood HotrL Lsvdy mounds. 
Two lounges. £16- £21. DB+B. £99- 
£123 pw. 0692 403231 . 

ACTION HOLIDAYS. Activity holi- 
days for children. 6-14 years. Phone 
0565 84775 i24 hrsJ for free colour 

INSTOW, DEVON. SeafMd. a unlaw 
holiday home sleeping 5. Views of 
Lundy. 20Qyds from beach. 07694 

Maps brochures etc. The HoteL tele of 
Cokmsay. Argyll f PA61 TYP. Tef 
09612 316. 

Shropshire. Log fires. private 
riverside/ woodland. Wen (0939i 

JERSEY C.I. 2 bdrm Dal cel T.V -v 
hire car non smokers only £850 pm 
until May 24 Tel business hrs 0534 

House, on m e onl y Cute in England. 
Penzance 789733. 

£60 - Trees G/M. id St Swltbwn 
Road BH1 3RQ. 0202-26074 

COTTAGES. Escape to rural 
tran guUl ly. Brochure I0666J 52558. 

MINSTER VIEW - York, cooifortable. 
warm. hb+XL RAC listed, a ce na e d. 
nr centre, parkins. 090456034. 

POLPERRO, Corn wan. Seif -con Oat. 
sips 2. centre vKagc- nr harbour, col 
b. TCLOSQ3 72144. 

room flat- sips 9. Now avaiL Fur 
1936 leu tel. 0747 811219. 

Stratford /CMswuhte. linen, ctv. CH. 
0386 750570. 

■Ids 4/5. Lge gdn lo safe beach A 
slipway. Falmouth 250643. 

LONDON, Kensington. W. 11. Comf 
fUra MTV mum. Col T.V. - Unicorn 

Lid.. IBEJglnCraa. W.U. 727 6SB2. 

FAL ESTUARY, .Mylar, creek aide 

0630 3979. 

NORTH WALES 750 cottages. Oats. 
c>™. Shawl Mondays. pwShcCL 
107581 612854 (24 haunt. 

SKYE. Modern holiday cottage, siren 
5. available now onwards. Tet 047 

London from C30 Q pw Ring Town 
House Apis Ol 4573 3433. 


LEARN TO COOK on our otroftrate 
course. II weals starting January 
13 Brochure: Ewert Place School of 
Cookery. >. Ewert Ftan. Oxford 
0X2 TVn. TcL 514719. 

Uda rmaUon. ideffDone John Han.ot- 

BONHAMS lO wk full Umc Lectures 
tm 20tn c visual Arts. Suns 13m 
Jan. Apply PrUxmaiasa 0667. 



101692. Eacsllem condUon. good 
lone and action. Beautiful case, mu- 
sicians instrument. £4.500 000. Ol- 


i add, as we are 


BW1 2. Prof pen- share with one other. 
Ige rm. aB mod com. parking, nr 
Tube. A van now. £200 pern Lad. - 
01-673 31 ISfevesV 

PROF M/F Cent London. O/R + cn- 
sutte shower-rm. Modern block, 
a looks Thames £too pw Inc. Oi -622 

RL1. Prof F. to stun period Hal - a T 
mixed household. C.K. nailable 
lramcd. £140 pan. EkL 559 8352. 

KEFf. Georgian house on Thames. 
Room £3Spw. Shared knehen. 747 
1298 ring T uesday afternoon. 

PROF GIRL, share luxury Battersea 
Mansion Ftad. o/r, £160 pan. - 360 

Palace theatre act ees* cc 437 

8327/379 6433 Grp Galas 930 6123, 

THE 1980s" Punch 

S Times 


Eves 7.30 MBU Thn A SU 2.30. 

tube £2CO non excL Tel after 6 JOgm 
01-681 1073. 

W1 Your own roam In a nunmncmi 
Harley Streot flat. £50 per week. Ol- 
.486 2860. 

BJLRNSS SWl 3 2«to share comft 
C.rL rise- O/H'S. £40pW. ExU. 876 
7907. after 7pm. 

ST JOHN'S WOOD. Share lux Flat. 
£60 pw tnc. - 2B9 6363. 



and Designers. Permanent/ 
temporary positions. AMSA Spccial- 
■Ms Agency 01 -734 0532. 


CHARLES Bingham trout and salmon 
fishing courses. Tel Chiaotnn 281 . 

VICTORIA PALACE 01-834 1317. 
Evening 7.30. Mals Sal only 2.45 




WHEN IN LONDON rent a TV or 
video by day. wk or month. Quick 
denvery. Tops 01-720 4469. 

FRIENDSHIP, Love or Mameaa. 
Daiptine. afl asm. ansa. Dateline. 
Dei* (7ST) S3 Abingdon Rood. 
London Vf9. Tel: 01-938 101 1 . 

PRINCE EDWARS. Tel 01-437 6877 S 


Evg* 8.0. Mats Thur* A Sal at 3.0. 
Hotline 439 8499. 379 6433. 741 

FROM 14 MAY 1986 


91 1 Carrera 
Sport Coupe 
1983A 35,000 mBss, Guards 
Red, Full A-S.N. Service 
history, Excellent condition 

Maton Keynes (0908) 

by nmld Dahl 

S3». e 


01*837 3311 



Fun sqihpd soff-caarina RaB «t 250 
awns gnjatSs dose to (to Lukas. 
Dates and coast- Fm taegtes nd 
worn spots ca rare. Rcduaad 
prtcas for cUdran mi tzrQn orwps. 
Coiour trcchure from: 

Undo Ednrts. Roam 103 
UnivaraKy of Lansnstar 
Laura LAI 4YW 
Tab (0524)85201 (241x4 



From the facing page 


BBC1 Wahw(L15-5a0pm Sports 

news Wales. Scotland: 6.50- 

9-OOam Mag Is Moa. 12.15-5.00pm 
1.00 News. 

ANGLIA A 9 London except 
-- w 2.1Spm-Z45 Small 
Wonder. 12.15on AtthaEnd oftho Day, 


Indian Jones: Heroes and Sidekicks. 
1030 The Greatest American Hera. 
2-15pm-2A5 Mind Your Language. 
12.1snn Rnu Fright A babysitter is left 
atone in an eerie house. 1*40 

Covent Gdn. + an other Hold out 
even ta. omainaMa L*d. 01-839 

Slarllghl Eut™. *2nd a AD 
theatre and sports. 821 6616. Visa St 
A. Ex. 


yds. EurUoit condition. £120 0 -*• 
VAT deUvered. Tel: 0625 533721 . 
sells etc. Nationwide deliveries. Tel: 
■03801 850039 rWOUI. 
SEATFINDERS. Any event lac Cals. 
Covenl Carden. Starlight exp. 01-828 
1678. Maic-i- credit cards. 

FEMALE stranded mink facfcrt SOtns 
land. £875. Canadian aabte coats. 
£4.500.01-524 3091. 

IheGymy EneamnmeiU. £1,100 ano. 
- Tel: 04302 2958. 


ClMbcs ordered in Jmuary win be 
■ed Bird by 15% for jpaymcD: with 
order. Order now a nd Sa ve. Please 
phone far jour appointment. 


Sa*de Ron. London Wl. 

Tho etwphrta ernfta magatlaa 

leal ur m; the bed in contemporary 
eraffi and ww central sodree of ideas 
and tnfgrmaiian on the applied ansn 
Hntain and ovarseas - printed on tegfi 
aua r itv paper with superti colour 
photograph f . 

Order a copy from your newsagent or 
send lor a post ime copy to Craft* 
rosazine. Dept tm. 3 Waterloo Plxo. 
Lawton SW1Y4.4T enclosing £1.95 

Free wHhCte fn a n ry/Tiiai saj 

bra: 1986 Crofts ovouta mlnaiHr 

C ala At 

61 Pall Mall 
London, S.W.1 

Rshing & Countrywsar 
Ootrtng Specialists 
on selected rods, reels, lines 
and courrtrywear. Clothing 
etc also greatly reduced. 

Mon - Fri 9-5 

8th -17th January 

01-839 5515 



January 2 «ih - Ftfmjary 28 th 
E 44 per 2 persons oor neht B 3 &EM. 
AH rms arch fu 3 pe wa t o fee*. Col TV 
e«. «=. CR CertraSy sltuansL 
Fnotw ter broenra and Festival 

O9O4-205CO or 2061D 

Quayside Hotel 

” AA RAC Egon Ronay 
togemcuslr comrefted. iBSVlfth 
century fchermn's cot a gea now e 
warm and cum f ortabte 3 star botoi in 
superb harbaunkla posHion. Excel- 
lent restaurant, local seafood, 2 
choractar bora, special term tomfy 
ho&Coys. 3/3 day baRjafo breaks 
10% ad va nc e booUog d fac o u nie tar 

ltayiovar 3dar<. 


Brizham (08045) 55751 

Only Hoattso&s offer you 
such a choice. Europe's Guest 
selection of self-drive motor 
cruisers. All lo guaranteed 
standards. ABTA bonded. 
Sleeping: 2-12. From as little 
as £74 per person p.w. inc-i 

I 'Rial-a^cmh u r6V=-- 


FP6 Ltmwitoft WS32 3U 


S4C l tar ? : ,25 °P m Racing f 

.. Sandown. 2.45 FBm: The 
ChocolatB SoWfer staring Nelson Eddy. 
AM Brigttta Bardot-My Own Story. SJ3Z 
CStizan 2000. GJ35 Frame With Davis. 
7J05 HwrltowfB. 7^0 NawyddtorL 7^J5 
Tra bo Rygarua yn Nythu. 9.15 Y Maes 
Chwarae. ItLOS Unknown Chapfin. 
112)5 The Corrtc Strip Presents .. . 
Private Enterprisa 11.40 Video Alice. 

1 2Bam Closedown. 

BORDER As London except 
^ a25amCaitoonT8L30 

IruSana Jones; Heroes and Side kicks . 
10220-1 2230 Greatest American Hero. 
Z.15pm-Z45 Small Winder. 12.15am 


BBC 1 Wfitec 12L35-12-58pm 

- — — — - Farming in Wales. 22)0-3.00 

1258pm Landward. 32KKL30 
Tomorrow’s World. 3J0-4^S Sunday 
Sportscane. 425-5.10 Under the 
f^JPpolTowfirwHh Kan Dodd. 112*5- 
Northern betanh 1 .50- 

Death on B» Retreat 2^0-32)5 

P jnk Pa nther Show. 10.10-10J50 The 
Ktossmrfte Massacre- ItLSO-lIJO 

S4C Starts 22XJpm 



ify i® pertea jift for fe« of 
m afl^ Oniy £4.95 per pair plus £|jOQ p&p 
per order. Despatched within 7 days. 
rf^Jotourful. thick, calf length slipper teds, hand 
knitted m Afgh»«an from 50% wool and 
40% acryflc With sewn on supple leather soles to 

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raoNonwd Traders. Dept F 

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Offering modern comfort & 
good food. Unspofit island, 
ideal for hffl wafldng. toeft 
faring, etc. Unforgettable 
scenery. Daftf car ferry from 

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047862 222/22G 

I 1906 -YOUR 

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Stuated 7 miles north of Oban on the beautiful west ceak of Scot- 
land with private access to a fine sandy beach. We can offer peace 
and QUiert, picturesque scanery, forest walte or for the more acthe 
gBcBng. saBng. wintteurfino. tfiving and horse rhSng. AS within easy 
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range is described in our colour brochure. To obtain one please 
telephone Udeig (063172) 255. 

Touroa and tents wetoonte. Shop, laundry aod telephone on site. 

Postscript, Ctosedown. 


935 David Rost Presents the Guinness 
Book of Records. 1030-1220 Greatest 
American Hero. 2.l5pta-Z45Smag 
wonder. 1Z15m Ctosedown. 






Weekend television and radio programmes 

Summaries: Peter Dear, Peter Da valle 


■ ■ 

8J0 WBothaWtep, whh the voces 
of Kennato Wffliams (rj. 856 
Hum« J *aotd.Partoneofa . 
13-episoito adventure set to ■ 
New Zealand in the 1880s (r). 
9.00 Saturday SuparStore 
managed by Mflca Read. 
Guests to speak to on the : 
W®ptwi». cartoons. pop . 

videos and compettfons; 

12.15 Grandstand introduced by 
Desmond Lynam. The fine-up . 
Is: 1250 Football Foot* with 
Bob WBson and Tony Gubba; 

1 240 and 1J25 Ski Jumping 
from Innsbruck; 14)0 News 
and weather; 140, 1.40 and ' 
2.10 Racing from Heydocfc - 

1*55 and 3LQ0 Ice Hockey: 
Durham Wasps v Ayr Bratos; 
2J25 and 155 Basketball: 
World Invitation Club - 
Baskstbal Tournament from 
Crystal Palace; 150 HalMbna 
scores and reports. 440 Final 

5.05 News with Jen Learning. 
Weather. 5.15 Sporj/Ftedonal 

550 The Krnnkies Etektronik 
Komik with The Great 
Soprendo, Alvin Stardust and 
Steve Nailon. 

5.55 The Noel Edroontfa Lale Late 

Breakfast Shew indudes the 

year's first Whlrty Wheeler 
' chancing his luck es a trapeze 
artist There ie also the start of 

the hunt to find Mr Poseur 

645 Comedy Classics; Some 
Mothers Do’Av 'Em Michael 

Crawford and MtehefieDoblce- 
m an episode entitled Moving - 

7.20 Strike It Rich! Episode one of 
an eight-part series about tha 
search fort group. of 
disparate individualswhoara 
somehow artked together by a 
common denominator. These 
peopfti include a patty criminal, 
a computer man's wife, a ' 
painter and decorator Eving on 
a council estate, a paraplegic, 
an impecunious antiques - 
dealer, and a woman running a 
small hotel. Starring Robert 
Mdntosh. Tom Georgeson, 
Brian Millar, Tom Adams and 
Annabel Lavemon (Ceefax). 

*.10 The Two Ronnies. Comedy 
sketches from the two funny 
men inducing an extended 
story. The Admirable Brighton. 
The guests are Barbara- 
Dickson. Susannah York and 
Koo Stark. 

100 Neva and Sport With Jan . 
Looming. Weather. 

9.15 Film: The Swarm (1978) 
starring Michael Caine, 
Katharine Ross, Richard 
Wldmark, Richard 
Chamberlain, Henry Fonda 
and Oflvta de Havifland. 

Disaster movie about a plague 
of kfltor bees t hre atening 
Houston after defining their - 
first victims at an Air Force - 
missile base elsewhere in 
Texas. Caine is the 
entomologist charged by the 
White House to rkf the Lorn 
Star State of Its stin^ng 
attadwrs. Directed by Irwin - 


11.10 Fam: Tale* That Witness 

Madness (1973). Four tales of 
mystery and horror starring 
Jack Hawkins, Donald 
Pleasence, Joan Coffins. Ktan 
. Novak and Donald Houston. 
Directed by Freddie Francis. 
1240 Weather. 


ISS^SoedMeadog Britain; > 
•• • = intrpducedbyMBteMorrtSw '* 

.. Saw at 7JS; rectorial report 
• ■ atrAt; sprat at 7.15. 

7J0. The. Wide Awake Club tor (f» 


.. : and Hardy Kruger. African V 
, biiah adventure about how the' 
_ deaf daughter cop« . with fte 
runnfog of be* father's game 
. term after ha dies. She does' 

'• so with the help of a group of 
daredevBs ladty a seasoned 

- campaigner. Se&r Mercer. 
Directed by Howard Hawks. ' 

0 New* wfmpiroi Barnes. 

5 Saint and (tawnfe, oh arid 
Jimmy -cflscuse the FA Cup 
■ ttWrouraftnitirfiesai^ 
from other sports. H30 

WnstEngfrbm Northgata 

. Arena, Chester. 

0 Alrsvoff. stringfeflow and ' 
gang of International thieves 

- who have stofeh a newly ' 
developed electronic device. 

5 Benson. Comedy series about 
-.a United States Governor's - . 

right-hand man. 

5 Snooker. A fifth-round match 
.in the MoreantSa Credit 
Ctasafc between Tony - 
Knowles and Rex WBflams, 
introduced by Dickie Davies 
from the Spectrum Arena. 

5 Results service. 

0 News with Carol Barnes. 

5 Btockbustma. General 

knowledge game tor 
• teenagers, presented by Bob - 


5 The A-Tamm. The four 
Irregulars once again fight the 
powbrs of dvfi on behalf of 
' oppressed innocents. 

) CopyCata- Entertainment - 
from a hostof tmprassiormts 
. headed by Bobby Davra 
) Blind Date. Young people 
answer cyjeclicmfrbm unseen 
admtore to see if they would 
be compatible an a bBhd date. 
Presented byCffla Black. 

1 FHm: In LHce Flynn (1 985) 
starring Jenny Seagrove. A 
roade-foMaioviston adventure. 
aboutabest-sefflng novefist 
who investigates the mystery 
man. who disappeared during 
■the Vietnam War, found 
washed up on a Jamaican 
beach. With WOfiam Espy. 
Dhected by Richard Luig. 

I News and sport, 
i The Best of Sobaday Live. 
HlgWfohts of the popular 
variety show. Among those 
iappeartog are Robbie' 

Coltrane, Mel Smith, Dawn 
French and Jennifer Saunders, 
i The Big MaMuFCghflghts 
from two of this afternoon's 
football matches. 

I Snooker. One of the top tiflh 
round matches of the - 
'.Mercantile Credit Classic - 
Tony Meo against CSff: - • 
Tftotbum. i . 

> LWT N®*rs heacjlkiosfoflowed 
by Bvis - The Echo Will Never 
Din. Adocumentary about 
Elvis Presley with die views of 
Intimates, family, critics and 
i Night Thoughts from 
Baroness Phfflps.- 

BBC 1 

Sarah CoEer and Sasha YorfcStriteit Rich (BBC1.7.20 pm). AndMichaelJ 
Foxand Meredith BaxterBimay: FanfflyTtea (Channel*, 6.00pm) 




100 Ceefax.. 

2.00 FBnc A Giri in Every Port* 

- (1951) starring Groucho Marx, ' 
Maria wnson and Wffltam 
Benefix. Comedy about a pair 
of reluctant sailors who land 
themselves In a lot of trouble 

' whan they acquire a broken- 
down racehorse. Directed by 
Chester EreWne. 

■125 Ftinn A Funny Thing 

- Happened on the Way to the 
Forum (1908) starring Zero 
Mostai. Phil Slivers and Buster 
Keaton. A fares, based on the 
Roadway musical set to Rome 
durtog the first century. 

. Directed by Richard Loster. 
100 World Darts. First round action 
' In the Embassy World 
Professional Darts 
. : Championship, introduced by 
Tony Gubba. 

6.10 The Stiver Road to 
-Guansjuanto,' A documentary 

. tracing the steps of Welsh 
metal workers who went to 
work during the early 19th 
century to the newly ra-opened 
stiver mines of the Spanish 
Main. (r). 

74)0 NewaView. Jan Learning with 
the day's news and sport: 

Moira Stuart reviews the news 
of the week with subtitles. - 
740 LMng with CF. A documentary 

- about cystic fforosis sufferer 
Nicholas Wbodfleld and how 
his parents and brother are 
coping wHh the stresses and 
strains of applying violent 
physiotherapy tivaa times a 

day and regular hospital visits 
(First Shown on BBC 

9.10 Rossini at Veraafflas. A 
reoonstruoHoaof an 1840s • 

. gala concert In honour of 
- 'Gloacftino Rossini at he Royal 
Opera House of the Chateau 
de Versailles. Among those 
appearing are Montserrat 
Caballe, Marilyn Home and 
Ruggiero Raimondi with the 
Chamber Orchestra of Europe 
conducted by Claudio Abbado. 

• • Fallowed by a Larkin poem 
read by Gavin Ewart 
9.55 WeHdDarta. The Embassy 
WOrid Professional Darts 

1IX2S Pune PauSne at the Beach 
(1982) stoning Amanda 
. Langwt and Arieile Dombasie. 
Romantic adventures of a 
recently ctivorcad woman and 
the young cousin she invites 
, oh a hoBday In Normandy. 
Directed by Eric Rohmer. 
(English subtitles). - 
12.00 World Darts. Highlights of first 
round matches In the Embassy 
World Professional Darts . 

■ Championship. Ends at 1130. 

1250 Channel Four Racing from 
Sandown. Tha 1 4)0, 1 30, 2.00 
and 250 races. 

2.45 Fttm: Sweetheart* (1938) 
starring Jeanette MacDonald 
and Nelson Eddy. Musical 
comedy about a couple, 
married for half a dozen years, 
whose marriage comes under 
strain after they are persuaded 
by their agent to leave 

toies^wscreen in Hollywood. 

Directed by W. S. Van Dyke n. 

4450 Rim: La PlncB a Ongtes (1968) 
starring Michel Lonsdale. A 
- French fHm about a fastidious 
couple staying in a hotel. 
Directed by Jean-Cteuda 
Carriere (English subtitles). 

5.06 Efrookadde. (r) (Oracle). 

6.00 FamOy Ties. Jeff, the painfully 
. shy French tutor, bucks up 
courage to ask Msflory for a 
data. She accepts but is 
appaBed to learn that Alex wffl 
be near them at the restaurant, 
discreetly coaching Jeff hi the 
art of courtship. 

EJO News summary and weather 
followed by FHm: That's 
EntMtainment, Part Two 
(1976) (colour and black and 
white). A foflow-up to the 
original hit compflation of 
Mghflghts from Metro- 
Gofdwyn-Mayer musicals and 
straight Aims. This version 
includes new footage of 
Astaire and KeBy dancing 
together for the first time in 30 

ISO Video Alice. A musical 

documentary about Pulitzer 
Prize- winning American 
composer. David del Trebles, 
who has written a number of 
works with Lewis Carroffs 
heroine, Afica, as the theme. 
Tha programme Includes 
specialty shot fantasy 
sequences of his music 
performed by the Phitharmonia 
- ■ Orchestra, conducted by 
. Oliver Knussen. 

1(L20 Hi Street Blues. Captain 
Furtllo risks his ca rear when 
; he is forced to take the 
witness stand during a well 
pubficfzed grand jury 
investigation ordered by an 
attention-seeking attorney 

11.15 FUm: Lady in the Lake" (1946) 
starring Robert Montgomery 
and Audrey Totter. 

, Montgomery makes his 
directorial debut in this thriller 
based on a Raymond Chandsr 
novel about the mystery of a 
missing woman in which 
private detective PhiGp 
Marlowe becomes involved in 
murder. Ends at 1.10, 

FREQUENCIES: RacRo 1:1053kHz/285m; '1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 6 

200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC1152kHz/261 m; VHF 97J3; Capital: 1 

Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

Radio 4 

'433m; 909kHz/330m; Ratio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92L5; Radio 4: 
t[\ Mrre.VHF 95.8; BBC Rarfio London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 945: World 

BSS Play School with Carol Leader 
end Stuart McGugan. 9.15 
Morning Worship from Elm 
Ridge Methodist Church. 
Darlington. 1100 Asian 
Magarfne. Ali Akbar Khan, 
one of the toad trig sarod 
players, talks to Regineld 
Massey about Ws life end his 

10L30 The totoTview Game. The First 
of five programmes on howto 
improve one ‘s frnaga when 
being interviewed (■% 1055 
Deutscfi efirakti Lesson 11 of 
the German conversation 
course, n J» TM-Joumel. 
The news from the Hamburg 
television station. ARD (r). 
1145 Bflzzsnfs Wizard 
Woodwork. Carpenter Richard 
Bfizzard makes an oak table 
(r). 12.10 See Heart Magazine 
programme lor the hearing 

12^5 Fanning. Philip Wrixon 

previews the Oxford Farming 
Conference by taSdng to 
Cumbrian dairy fanner Cflve 
Pattnson; and Dan 
Cherrir^ton discusses with 
David Curry MEP. the impact 
at Spain’s and Portugal's 
membership of thB Common 
Market 1258 Weather. 

1J» News headlines. 1.05 

Bonanza. Western adventures 
starring Lome Greene as Ben, 
owner of tha Ponderosa ranch 
(r). 1-50 Cartoon. ZOO 
EastEnders. A compilation of 
the week’s episodes (Ceefax). 

34)0 Match of the Day Live: 

Chariton v West Ham. An FA 
Cup third round game. 445 

110 AHce in Wonderland. Episode 
one of a four-pan adaptation 
of Lewis Carrofl's tale with 
Kate Denting as AHce, 

Jonathan Cedi as the White 
Rabbit and Ian Wallace as the 
-Dodo. Dramatized and 
directed by Barry Letts 

5.40 The Living Isles. A new ten- 
part series presented by Julian 
Pettit er about the natural 
history of Britain and Ireland 
tracing its development from 
the end of the Ice Age 

6.20 You Ate What You Eat A six- 
part guide to healthy eating. 

&30 News from Moira Stuart 

640 Songs of Pretoe from the 
Metropolitan Cathedral of 
Christ the King. Liverpool. 

7.15 HHJe-HH Yvonne and Barry 
are so tfisgustod by Mr 
Partridge's drunken behaviour 
they set up a petition to get 
him sacked (Ceefax). 

7.4S Farm North by Northwest 
(1959) starring Cary Gram, 
James Mason and Eva Marie 
Saint A classic Alfred 
Hitchcock thriller about an 
* advertising executive 
everybody befieves is a spy. 
The man goes in search of the 
one man who can prove his 
identity but ends up being 
accused of his murder. 

9.55 News with Moira Stuart 

10.10 Everyman: To Seem the 
Stranger. A profile of the 
Victorian print and poet, 
Gerard Manley Hopkins. With 
John Wain, writer and former 
Oxford Professor of Poetry. 

1050 You Cant See the Wood... 
The first of eight programmes 
about trees, presented by 
David Bellamy (r). 

11.15 The Sky at Night Patrfcfc 

Moore with the latest news on 
the research into the siav 

11.35 Weather. 



855 Good Morning Britton, 

commencing with 'A Thought 
for a Sunday'; 7.00 Cartoon; 
7.25 Are You Awake Yet? for 
the young at 7.2S; the What's 
News quiz at 7 50; Jeni 
Barnett's Pick of the Week at 
8.10; news hsadfines at 8.27. 

*-30 The Sunday Programme. 
David Frost reviews the 
newspapers and talks to 
guest TTm Rice. 


S Cartoon Time. 9£5 Woody 
and Friends. Cartoon. 945 
Snooper and Blabber. 

0 Mooting Worship from 
Eglinton Presbyterian Church, 
BaJtystilan. Belfast 114)0 Link. 
With Will Forrester, a disabled 
travel guide, on an adventure 
holiday in Devon (r). 

0 A Heritage from Stone. The 
first of a new series of 
programmes tracing Ulster’s 
architectural heritage through 
thB centuries. 

0 A Class Divided. A 
documentary about an Iowan a 
school teacher, whose pupils 
were bewildered by the 
murder of Martin Luther King 
who had been their “Hero of 
the Month” the previous 
February, who decided to try a 
revolutionary classroom 
exercise in the meaning of 

D The Smurfa. Cartoon series. 

D LWT news headlines fotiowed 
by Joante Loves ChachL 
American domestic comedy 

D Lirtdisfame: The Crattie 
Island. The second of two 
programmes in which Magnus 
Magnusson examines the 
present-day role of the tourist 
island and nature reserve. 

) Snooker. A top game in the 
Mercantile Credit Classic from 
tha Spectrum Arena. 
Warrington - Dennis Taylor 
plays Alex Higgins. 

) Golden Pennies. The final 
episode of the adventure serial 
set In the Australian goldfields 
at the turn of the century. 

) Hart to Hart The couple are 
staying with a friend on 
Rhodes when he is kidnapped 
after discovering a cache of 
priceless relics smuggled from 
mainland Greece by an 
unscrupulous building 
contractor who had unearthed 
them on a construction site. 

1 Butiteyn. Darts and general 
knowledge game. 

I News with Anne Leuchars. 

> Mgtiway. Sir Harry Secombe 
travels over Dartmoor to 

; FHm; City idler (1984) A 
made-fbr-televfsion drama 
about a deranged young man 
who is madly in love with 
pretty Andrea. He shows hfs 
love In an odd sort of way - by 
Wowing up a skyscraper block 
pecked with office workers. 
Starring Terence Knox. 

Directed by Robert Lewis. 

: The Playground. A Ray 
Bradbury chBler starring 
William Shatnar as a man 

. haunted by schoolboy 
buriylngs who vows his son will 
not suffer in the same way. 

Cfiv* James on Television (r). 
Snooker. Highlights of today’s 
matches in toe Mercantile 
Credit Classic. 

LWT news headlines followed 
by The New Squodronaires. 

Big band sound with vocals by 
Sheila Southern. 

Night Thoughts. 



94X) Ceefax. 

11.45 Champion, toe Wonder 

Horae* comes to tha aid of an 
Injured escaped prisoner (r). 

12-10 WbidmfiL Chris Serta 

investigates transport with 
dips from Fawtty Towers, 
Sykes and a Bus. and Alan 
Wicker, among others. 

1.10 States of Mind. Jonathan 
Miller in conversation with Sh- 
EmestGombrich (r). 

2.00 Rugby Special Nigel Starmer- 

Smith present MgMghts of 
yesterday's gams between 
Bath and Waterloo. 

2.30 World Darts. The Embassy 
World Professional Darts 

3.35 FHm: The Four Feathers 

(1939) starring John Clements 
and Ralph Richardson, A. E. 

W. Mason's powerful tale of 
cowardice and its redemption- 
while his friends fight with 
Kitchener, Harry Faversham 
remains at home to look after 
his wife. When he receives the 
fractional white feather from 
his four friends Harry decides 
to redeem himself by making 
for toe desert - in disguise. 
Directed by Zoitan Korda. 

5-25 Music by Haydn. A new series 
begins with the Takacs 
Quartet playing the first of 
Haydn's set of six quartets. Op 
76, No 1 in G. 

550 Ski Sunday. Ski Jumping from 
Innsbruck and the Men's 
Slalom from Borovets. 

650 Warid Darts. More action from 
the Lakeside Country Chib. 
Camberley, the venue of the 
Embassy World Professional 

7.15 The Natural World. A portrait 
of 'short-grass country' - In 
Canada’s Southern 
Saskatchewan. The narrator is 
Barry Paine. 

84)5 Comrades. This eighth fDm in 
the series of 12 portraits of 
today's Russians spotflghts 
33-year-old Tanyana 
Naumova, Town Council 
Secretary of toe Pacific 
coastal town of Nakhodka. 
6,000 miles from Moscow. 

8.45 Terras. The World Young 
Masters Final from tha 
International Congress Contra. 
West Berlin. Followed by three 
Phffip Larkin poems read by 
Peter Porter. 

955 The Boat A welcome repeat 
of the three-part drama, to be 
shown on consecutive nights, 
about toe crew of a German U~ 
boat with orders to disrupt 
Britain's supply convoys in toe 
autumn of 1941. English 
subtitles (r). 

11.25 World Darts. Highlights of this 
evening's play to the Embassy 
Wortd Professional Darts 
Championship, from toe 
Lakeside Country Club, 
Camberley. Ends at 1250. 

1.00 Irish Anstie- Hands. Janwc 
Fallon and his Unoe Wshael 
who work and maintain Mart/} 
Min on toe River Btackv-jct.-r 
between Kells and rilsvan, one 
of the few mils using the 

traditfonal stone-grinding 


1.30 Royal Academy of Arts. A 
documentary about the work 
of the Royal Academy of Arts 
in London, with examples of 

the work of past presidents 
Including the first Sir Joshua 

220 The Christmas Messenger. A 
Christmas story starring 
Richard Chamberlain, 
combining animation and tikn 
sequences with the music of 
Christmas carols. 

250 Feller By the Name Of... A 
farce, starring Fulton Mackay, 
David Meyer and Roger Booth, 
sat in a Bombay film studios, 
about a paper bag seller who 
walks off one set on to 
another, chased by a toe police 

350 FHm: The Lord of the Rings 
(1 978). A feature-length 
animated film based on 
Tolkien's trilogy, set in a 
mythological world. With toe 
voices of Christopher Guard. 
William Squire, John Hurt and 
Norman Bird. Directed by 
Ralph Bakshi. 

6.00 American FootbaD. The 
featured games this week are 
Los Angeles Rams against the 
Dallas Cowboys; and the 
Miami Dolphins versus toe 
Cleveland Browns. 

7.15 News summary and weather 
foil owed by Astonishing Duos: 
Part Two. Ptochas Zukerman 
and Itzhak Perlman play 
Ledair’s Sonata for Two 
Violins No 5 and Mozart's Duo 
No 1 for Violin and Viola K423. 

8.15 Bert A Personal Memoir. A 
tribute to the late A. L Lloyd, 
known to all as Bert toe 
founding father of the folk 
music revival in post-war 

950 The Mysteries: Doomsday. 

The third and ratal play in the 
award-winning trilogy adapted 
from toe mediaeval English 
Mystery plays by Tony 
Harrison, and directed by Bill 
Bryden for the National 
Theatre. The story begins 
4.600 years after toe Creation 
with Jesus descending into 
Hell to redeem the sinners. 

11.40 The Twfllght Zone: A Thing 
About Machines*. Drama, 
starring Richard Haydn, about 
a man who belle ves that 
machines are conspiring to 
destroy him. Followed by: Mr 
Dingle, The Strong* starring 
Burgess Meretfith as the 
traditional man who has sand 
kicked in his face only to turn 
toe tables when he receives 
super human strength from a 
visitor from Mars. Ends 1240. 

L4>. S riH 

■nil *' nr*r 

555 Weather; TravaL 
64M News; Sports Round-up. 

625 Solomon Grundy: Bom on a 
- .Monday. Experiences of . 

. pregnancy and childbirth (r). 
658 ASWeways Lookat _ By 
Anthony Smith. 

74)5 Stop The Week WHh Robert 
Robinson. Song by Jeremy 
■ Nicholas. ... 

745 Baker's Dozen with Richard 

850 Safaircfey-itightTIwatre. Poor • 
Bessie ay Jack Gratus. With 
■ Penelope Nice end Jon Croft -A 
story, baaed on truth, about en 
heiress's secret search for a 
men. . . 

104)0 Everting Service, t 

1050 Opfftions. Three guests, tsSdngf 
Ted Harrison,.^ voice their views 
an ethical, moral, or reSgtaua . 

114)0 Science Now. With Petar Evans. 

1150 Ian One Ear. Comedy show, t 
VHF avafabla to England and S 

Radio 3 

s The Masque 

Radio 4 

8.00 Bookshelf. Hunter Davies 

Radio 1 

News on the half hour until 1250pm, 
then 24W, 350, 550,750, 950, 12 
midnight . 

SJXJem Mark Page. 84)0 Peter Powell. 
1050 Dave Lee Travis. IJUpm Adrian 
Juste. 1 34® Parti Gambacckti. 54® 
Saturday Live. 650 In Concert 750 
Annsmarfe Gray. 9.30 The Midnight 
Runner Show. Until 124®. 


Rfcnsky-Korsakav; Berg's 
Concerto : Rachmaninov's 



On long wave t also VHF stereo. 

555 Shipping. 8.00 News Briefing; 
Weather. 8.10 Prelutief 

650 News; Morning has Broken 
fhymnsL 655 weather; Travel. 

74® News. 7.10 Sunday Papers. 7.15 
Apna Hi Ghar Sarrqhiye. 745 
Bells. 750 Turning Over New 
Leaves. 755 Weather; Travel. 

84® News. 8.10 Sunday Papers. 8.15 
Sunday (Clive Jacobs and Trevor 
Bames). 850 Esther Rantzen 
talks, for the Week's Good 
Cause, of the importance of 
research into areas of concern 
(or disabled people. 855 
Weather; Travel. 

94® News. S.1D Sunday Papers. 

9.15 Letter from America by ABstair 

950 Morning Service. famBy Eucharist 
from the Parish Church of Christ 
the King, Battyeford, West 

10.15 Tha Archers. Omnibus edition. 

11.15 Pick of the Week with Margaret 

12.15 Des^teSnd Discs. Michael 
Parkinson’s first guest is the Am 
director Alan Parker (new 
seriaslt. 1256 Weather. 

14® The world this Weekend: News. 
155 Shipping. 

24® Nows: Gardeners' Question 
Time. Clay Jones in toe chair as 
Dr Stefan Buczadd, Geoffrey 
Smith and Las Jones answer 
listeners' queries. 

250 Tha Afternoon Play. Nymphs and 
“ by Pater 

discovers a literary treasure- 
house deep h the heart of Texas 

8.30 In Praise of God for Epiphany. A 
meditation presented by The Rev 
Malcolm Goldsmith. 

9.00 News; The Screech Owls try 
HonorA De Balzac. In four parts 
(2). 8.58 Weather. 

104® News. 

10.15 The Sunday Feature. Glen Gould: 
Concert Drop-out. A portrait of 
tin Canadian pianist Presented 
by Jeremy Swpman.t 

11.00 Before the Enrfiog ot the Day. 

11.15 Real Bastards. Cheryl Armttage 
on how the system still punishes 
people for something which Is not 
of their own doing (r). 

12.00 News; Weather. 1253 Shipping, 
and ends 

f The Rev 

Reader in Poetical Science, 
Reading University. 

14)5 Proms (contd): Beethoven's 
Violin Concerto.t 

ZOO Earty Music Centre Festival 1985: 
New World Consort in 
performances of works by 
Thomas Crecqufflon. Jean 
Pianson, ClaudJne de Sermlsy. 
Clement Janequin, Richard 
Edwards; Edward Johnson, and 
anon. With Suzie LeBlanc 

[ Radio 3 J 

IC, t 

- ' ’ i fTj i i’j F- T ill 1 < T ' Tih 


Z45 Satot-Saens and Poutenc Dong- 
suk Kang (violin), Pascal Davoyon 
(piano). Saint-Saens's Sonata No 
1 in D minor: Poulenc's Sonata.! 

350 Haydn and Albrechtiberger 
Haydn's Sinfonia Concsrtante in 
B flat H 1 105 (Schiff, cello: Neil 
Black, oboe and ECO); 
Albrechtebarger's Partita in F 
(Leikes. harp: Gyor Philharmonic 

4.15 Plano Duets: Isabel Beyer and 1 

1926 to 1941. This 26-part 


Sl Bill l 

m Nick Page Presents Nightride. 
3.00-44® A Little Night Music. 

Satyrs Come Away by Pater 
Luke, with Tessa Worstey as 
Virginia WooH. Cast also includes 
Ja» Shepherd and Melinda 

Walker frit 

345 Christinas Competition Results. 
ThB answers to. and winner of, 
the Radio 4 Christmas 

44® News; TaBdng About Antiques. 
Bernard Price and Lady Victoria 
Leatham answer listeners' 

450 The Nat Hist Show. Fergus 

Kesfing and Lionel KeSeway meat 
wfldSf a people. 

5.00 News: Travel. 

5.05 Down Your Way. Brian Johnson 
visits Thombury to Avon. 550 
Shipping. 555 Weather. 

84® News. 

6.15 weekend Woman's Hour. 

Radio 2 

Regional TV. facing page 

t Sam * Black and wtitta. fr) Repeal 

RedMva); A Stamitz's Viola 
Concerto in B flat (Kodousek with 
the Suk Chamber Orchestralt 

8.00 Mischa Bman: violin. Grieg's 
Sonata No 1; Dvorak's Slavonic 
Rhapsody, arranged by Kreisier 
(with Sieger, piano); 
Mendelssohn's Concerto in E 
minor (with Chicago SO). In 
mono. The rest In stereo. 94® 

94)5 Your Concert Choice: Mozart's 
Symphony No 12 (Academy of St 
Martin- favths-FieJds^ Fame's 
Prison: Jardto nocturne (Bemac, 
baritone); Rachmaninov’s Sonata 
in G minor (Tortefiar, cello; 
CfceoHnL piano); Ftozi's Clarinet 
Concerto (Thee King, with 

1050 Music Weekly: with Michael 

Oliver. Includes Tess Knighton's 
Homage to Barcelona; lam 
Fenton on The Rita of Spring and 
its Russian origins; and Jim 
Samson on Penderecki .t 

11.15 Jenina Fialkowska: piana 
Mozart’s Sonata in D. K 284: 
Chopin's impromptu No 1 1n A 
flat BaBade No 4 m F minor. 
Fbltb's Nocturne No 4; 

Scriabin's Sonata No 5 in F 

12.15 From toe 1985 Proms; Chamber 
Orchestra of Europe (under 
Accardo, violin). Part one. Ravel's 
Le tombeau da Couperin: 
Mendebeohn's Symphony No4.t 

14)0 Words: talk by Roy Gregory, 

Mendelssohn's Fantasia in D 
Minor Bernard Stevens's 
Fantasia on Tha Irish Ho-Hoane; 
Schubert’s Fantasy to F mlnor.f 
54® Bach: Christmas Oratorio. 
Cantata for Fist Sunday of the 
New Year (Collegium St 
Domapatzsnyand soiotsts.n 
550 New Premises: another edition of 
the Stephen Games arts 

6.16 Two British Composers: Tippett's 
String Quartet No 2: and PhuEp 
Cannon’ s Clarinet Quintet 
(Bochman String Quartet).t 
74® The Figaro Plays: 

Beaumarchais's The Nbw 
Tartuffe, or A Mother's Guilt, 
translated by John Wells. The 
final ptay In the trilogy. With 
ABson Steadman, Nickolas Grace 
(as Figaro), Norman Rodway. 
Gary Bond, John McAndrew, 

Moir LasBe. Dorothy Tutin. 

9.15 Chicago SO (under Abbado). with 
Rudolf Seridn (piano). 
Tchaikovsky's symphonic 
fantasia The Tempest; 
Beethoven's Plano Concerto No 
3; Mussorgsky's Pictures from 
and ExhBxtion, orchestrated by 

114® Karl Haas Conducts: Bach s 
Sinfonia in F.BWV 1071; 
Boccherini's Sinfonia C 
Concertante In G: Boyce's 
Symphony No 5.T 
1157 News. 12.00 Closedown. 

Radio 2 

4.00am Julian Rees. 6. DO stave 
TrueJove. 750 Roger Royla says Good 
Morning Sunday with special guest 
Norris McWhirtar. 94)5 Melodies tor You 
(Robin Boyle). 114® Desmond 
Carrington. 1.00pm Ken Bruce presents 

Radio 1 

6.00 Mark Page. 8.00 Peter Powell. 

10.00 Steve Wright 1250 Jimmy 
Savile's 'Old Record' Club. (This week: 
1982. 1 976 and 1970.) 250 Paul Jordan. 

4.00 Punk to present Seeing is 
Believing. 5.00 Top 40. Chart countdown 
with Richard Skinner. 7.00 Anne 
Nightingale Request show. 1 940 
Robbie Vincent f 1150-1200 The 
Ranking Miss P with Culture Rock, t 


8.00 Neorsaask. 7.N Nam. 7.09 Twenty-Four 
Hours. 7.30 From Our Own Comspandem. 
7-50 Waveguide. B.00 Nows. 8JB RaflscUons. 
B.15 The Ptoasura's Yours. 94X) News. 9.09 
Review of British Press. 8.15 Sconce m Action. 
9 j( 5 A Perfect Bay. 10.00 News. 10C1 Shan 
Story. 10.15 Osseical Racord Review. 11JU 
News. 11.09 News About Britain. 11.15 From 
Our Own Correspondent 124X1 News. 12411 
Ray o! the week: I Never KHed My Qemian. 

1.00 News. 1-09 Twenty-Four Hours. 1-30 
Sports Roundup. 1.45 The Send Jones 
Request Show. 2JK News. 2JQ Chari*. 3. DO 
Rad* Newsreel. 3.15 Concert Has. 4JX) News. 
44» Commentary. 4.15 What do we do with the 
Mentally up U5 Letter From America. 5.00 
News. 5.09 Reflections. 515 MeneSan. *00 
News. 8te9 Twenty-Four Hours. 9.15 The 
Pleasure's Yours 10.00 Nows. 1DJM Poets on 
Music. 1QJS Book Choice. 10J30 Financ* 1 
Review. ID. 40 Reflections. 10-«5 Sports 
Roundup. 11 ao News. 11419 Cominentary. 

11.15 Letter From America. 11 JO Question of 
Faith. 12.00 News. 1248 News About Britain. 

12.15 Radio Newsreel. 1230 Refgnus 
Service. 14® News. 14)1 Las MteeraWes- 1M 
Sounds of Strings 24® News. 2419 Review of 
the British Press. 2.15 Peebles' Choice. 2-30 
Science m Actkm. 34® News. 34)9 News About 
Bntwn. 3.15 Good Books. 3 JO Anything Goes. 
44® Newsdesk. *M Foreign Affairs £45 
Recording of the Week. 

AH ttine* In GUT 

Regional TK facing page 

in \ri oiihi: mils 


'Over 1-3 ntiffion of theaust 

the dassi&ed colffiRts oflkeTmes. 

enByjiccoi^pRsued by reJenrat 

aat boy cap; ftst ai econ om iaa 
kb to advertise ta Tie Itaes 


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iPIjmb iliu* itmelu' yq'^mg 


New US 

S 6 .... THE TIMES 

Soviet plea to stamp out ‘ 

-r •; j v >«- 

, * *k'k'kic ' 'Enst Enblsiicd 178S, 


By Judith Huntiey 

Sikorsky and Fiat, the Ameri- 
can and Italian companies, will 
on Monday make an improved 
offer for a stake in Westland, 
the ailing helicopter company, 
and the new offer will be 
recommended to shareholders 
by the Westland board. 

Sir John Cuckney, chairman 
of Westland, said on the Radio 
4 Today programme yesterday; 
“There is doubt at the 
moment in the medium and 
long term, the shareholders and 
employees of the company 
would be better off with the 
United - Technologies-Fiat in- 
volvement. _ The company 
would achieve much greater 
stability in the medium and 
long term and the company 
really needs it It has gone 
through a very rough period." 

Members of the Westland 
board and an American team 
from the United Technologies 
Corporation, Sikorsky's parent 
company, have been in talks 
since Thursday night 
It is expected that Sikorsky- 
Fiat will on Monday improve 
its position on work ior 
Westland employees, regarded 
as a crucial issue in the tussle 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank acting for Sikorsky, 
said last night that the US team 
would stay in Britain and make 
itself available to shareholders 
once Westland had made its 
recommendations. Westland 
shareholders are due to vote on 
the rival bids on January 14. 

Lloyds, advisers to the 
European consortium, is lobby- 
ing institutional shareholders to 
obtain a postponement of the 

Robert Fleming Nominees, 
the merchant banking group 
which is Westland's biggest 
shareholder, is to meet Lloyds 
Merchant Bank on Monday to 
discuss delaying the vote. 

The Prime Minister has 
written _ to Mr John Smith, 
Opposition spokesman on in- 
dustry: “I do not agree that the 
national interest would be 
served by the Government 
acquiring a substantial holding 
in the Westland company. The 
board of Westland have given 
their view that the company’s 
future lies in association with a 
substantial international busi- • 

From Christopher Walter 

Invoking the spirit of Gene- 
va. leading figures in the Soviet 
arts yesterday Joined senior 
■ Kremlin officials In demanding 
an end to Che "crudely dis- 
torted" image of the 'Soviet 
Union and its. citizens which, 
they claimed, was being pre- 
. seated in a wave of anti- 
I Communist IHng sweeping the 
[ US box office. 

Speaking at a press confer- 
ence called by the Foreign 
! Ministry to mark the reopening 
; of US-Soviet cultural ex- 
changes after a gap of six 
years, Mr Georgy Ivanov, the 
Deputy Cultural Minister, said 
that it was hard to reconcile 
this wave of anti-Soviet feeling 
with the improved climate 
demonstrated by the exchange 
of New Year messages between 
Mr Gorbachov and President 

The maverick Soviet poet 
Yevgeny Yevtushenko, who has 
recently found favour with 
Moscow cultural establish- 
ment, coined the English word 
“warnngraphy” to describe the 
type of film criticized by the 
panel, which also included a 
leading composer, film-maker 
and choreographer. 

Mr Ivanov singled out 
Rambo, a film about an anti- 
communist was veteran who 
goes back to Vietnam, Rocky 
IV, about an American boxer 
defeating a villainous Soviet 
opponent and Amerika , a 16- 
hour television series which he 
said was being filmed in 
America, depicting the conn try 
devastated by Soviet military 

“People In America are 
being brought up to believe that 
'Reds’ and Russians can only 
be talked to with the language 
of force", the Deputy Minister 
said. “A new generation of 
Americans is being brought up 
to consider killing as something 
natural, or even necessary." 

He cited two recent US 
opinion polls to support the 
plea (tom Moscow for a change 
in attitudes. One showed 
ordinary Americans picking 
three words, “aggressive”, 
“insensitive” and “perfidious” 
when asked to describe 

The other, said to have been 
published in The New York 
Times r, showed that 44 per cent 
of those questioned did not 
know that the United States 
and the Soviet LTnion were 
allies during the Second World 

Mr Ivanov alleged that the 
anti-Soviet campaign in the 
United States had invented a 

. new type of screen hero, an 
idedogteany-m^tivatad pro- 
fessional killer. “This new hero 
kills Teds’ and Russians not for 
money, but with a land of 
. perverse relish”, he told the 
televised news conference. 

Mr Stanislas Rostozky, a 
leading Soviet film director, 
claimed that' the Soviet film 
Industry would not retaliate 
with the production of a 
similar-style of film, which 
would- “create hatred” for the 
American people. Films Uke 
Rambo, he added, were “sacri- 
lege” to die memory of 
colleagues who had died fight- 
ing fascism. 

All members of the panel 
called for increased cultural 
exchanges under the new 
Geneva agreement as a method 
of overcoming misunderstand- 
ing on both sides. “If people 
can get acquainted through 
literature it will help to prevent 
the pressing of the nuclear 
button”, Mr Yevtushenko ar- 

The poet-turoed-fibn-maker 
(his film Kindergarten is soon 
to open in the United States) 
submitted a number of ideas for 
future exchanges with the US, 
including a 10-day film festival 
in each country and a joint 
poetry f estiva L 

He recalled that he had once 
recited with Robert Frost in a 
Moscow student restaurant. 

f*' r ' l 

■- «r \ 

* * 

Rocky and his 

Orders generate 2,800 jobs 

Continued from page 1 
create' about 800 jobs at 
CanuneU Laird, its present 
workforce is about 1,300. The 
total cost of all four submar- 
ines, including equipment sup- 
plied by the Ministry of 
Defence, will be about £500 

Sylvester Stallone’s Rambo, u a new type of screen hero, an 
ideologically-motivated killer”. 

The orders- for the diesel 
vessels were placed with 
Vkkens- after competitive ten- 
ders had been submitted by 
them and by the Clydeside 
shipyards Scott Lithgow and 
Yarrow. Mr Lamout estimated 
that about £10 million had been 
saved on the price of the vessels 
through competitive tendering, 
and a further £10 million by 
placing all orders with a single 

It was, he said, “a dear 
example of the success we are 
having with the Government’s 
new policies for' defence pro- 

Although Mr Lamont denied 
that it had affected the 
Government’s decision, the 
placing of the orders wifi 
undoubtedly make privatization 

of Vickers this spring a more - 
attractive proposition for poten- 
tial bidders. 

Even though' the Scottish 
shipyards failed to win any of 
the ' submarine orders, Mr 1 
Lament announced that subject 
to satisfactory negotiations, it 
was intended to place orders 
worth about £10 min inn with 
Scott.. Lithgow for a range- 
mooring vessel and two -fight- 
ers; The -yard would -abo be : 
invited to bid for refit work,'flnd ; 
for- steel work on the Trident 1 
submarines, as a sub-contractor . 
of Vickers. 

The order for torpedoes is for 
more than *2,000 Stingrays to- 
be built by . Marconi Under-, 
water Systems, at a cost 'of . 
nearly £400 nulfioiL. 

Mr Don Evan, managing, 
director- of the company * .said v 
the contract would: create more 
than 2,000 Jobs --among sub- 
contractors, . and! nearly' 70 
companies had tendered 

Mr Lamont said that m 
negotiations - the ministry had 
achieved 'a good price for this: 
contract, and through placing-*' 

• single bulk order rather than a 
' series of batches savings of well 
: over £50 million bad been 

; The contract will be subject, 
to stringent conditions. It is 
estimated that aberat^ 75 per 
cent of the mine- wifi be m 
items . bought from outside 
suppliers , by! Marconi, and 75 
per cratoftiu^mft be subject 
to competitive tendering. 

• -There was bitter disap- 
pointment on the Lower Clyde 
yesterday at : the - decision to 
place - the three -submarine 
orders at English yards and up 
to 400 more redundancies are 
now unavoidable 1 at the Scot 
Iitfagbw yard, Ronald Fans 
writes^ . . . . - 

■ . Mr George Younger, Sec- 
; rotary of State.- for Scotland, 

‘ 'S*»d yesterday that it would 
have beat too costly to divide 
the submarine order between 
different yards. ■■ 

The . workforce * at 'Scot 
lithgow has been cut in recent 
years from <MNM> to 2j000with 
the latest , redundancies an- 
nounced -just before' Christmas. 



i" .-j; v ■- 


Today’s events 

New exhibition 
Matisse; illustrations from Ron- 
sard; Tonbridge Wells Art Gallery, 

Solution of Prazk No 16530 

HEtMOaO® Y:aa-3;J3Bl 

u 'fl a '•> n rii - cl 
'trisaanaE3 .. 
rj- e ^ .[u ' ■ ra n\ 

a. - s. -m\ 

n .. -b<7ei- sj-:- -.s r-il 

H* 3"' SJ'- EJ 


Civic Centre, Mount Pleasant. Mon 
to Fri 10 to 5.30, Sat 9.30 to S (ends 
Jan 251. 

Last chance to see 

Christmas exhibition including 
blown glass, ceramic s jewellery and 

Solution of Puzzle No 16^34 

: ra^ia- .-a :~m es --ra 


0 3- ra.!- 3 S 

BDOSDdlD . iaSHSi33@ 

a :» m- ' 2.-B O! 

j s - s a- c-i a 
anaay- ^ragasagaa-. 
a. • ra-is '/••■-a-ffl -r=; 

a n S O S ' 6 Ui D 


a CJ i ffl- E .3 fcJ _ 
iluasa ■ ikiunanuaiul 

paintings by gallery artists; Ogle 
Gallery* I- Rotunda Terrace. 
Montpellier St, thdtenliaiii, 10 to 5. 


Concert by the Orchestra of St 
John's Smith Square; St David’s 
Hall, Cardiff. 7.30. 

Handers Messiah by the Bourne- 
mouth Sinfooietta; Wessex HaJU, 
Poole, 7.30. 

Concert by the Academy of St 
Olave's; St Olave's, Marygaie, York. 

Concert by the Sub Rosa Quartet; 
Tudor Merchants Had, Westgate St. 
Southampton, 7 JO. 

Concert by the City of Birming- 
ham Symphony Orc h est r a; Town 
Had, Birmingham. 7. 

Concert by the Irish Youth 
Orchestra; Whirls Had, Queen’s 
University, Belfast, 7 JO. j 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,935 Tomorrow 

: ->!ution Kill be published next Saturday. 

The vinners of Crossword Puzzle No. 16.826 are: 

Mr D. Lash. Church Hill. Lover, Redlvnch, fflfshire ; Dr T. Gill 
Chipping Campdau Gloucester ; Air G. T. Wilson, 30 Watson Crescent, 
The winners of Crossword Puzzle No. 16. 930 are: 

Mrs A: C. Scar. Green Bank North. Grandisburph. Woodbridge, Sul 
Green. 2 Pan Cole. Hertford ; MrJ. P. Walters. 4 Rhyd I’ Dcfaid. Aberu 

1 TunstaJL 

:MrJ. E 

I I mmm I I 

iSttaM gf aMaram 

Last chance to see 
The Anderson Collection of art 
nouveau; The Mappin Art Gallery, 
Weston Park. Sheffield, Son 2 to 5. 

Twenty-nine etchings by Edouard 
Manet; Walker An GaDery, W illiam 
Brown St, Lherpool, 2 to 5. 


Congregational carol service 
including a Nativity play performed 
by the Islington Community Play 
Association, Canterbury Cathedral, 



Births; James Ussher, _ Arch- 
bishop of Armagh, chronologist who 
dated the world’s creation at 4004 
BC, Dublin, 1581: Giovanni Pergo- 
lesi, composer, Iesi, Italy, 1710. 
Loals Bradle, inventor of the system 
of that name. Coupvray. Fnrnce. 
1809; Sir Isaac Pitman, inventor of 
a shorthand system, Trowbridge. 
Wiltshire. 1813; Augustes John, 
painter, Tenby, 1878. 

Deaths: Stephen Hales, clergy- 
man, pioneer of plant physiology, 
Teddington Middlesex, 1761; Henri 
Bergson, philosopher. Nobel laur- 
eate 1928, Paris 1941; Albert 
Camus, novelist. Sens, France. 
I960; trwin Schrodinger, physicist, 
Nobel laureate 1933, Vienna. 1961; 
T S Eliot, London. 1965; Donald 
Campbell, killed when his speed- 
boat crashed on Comston Water, 
Cumbria, 1967. 


Births; Konrad Adenauer, 1st 
Chancellor of the Federal Republic 
of Germany 1949-63. Cologne. 
1876. Humbert Wolfe, poet, Milan, 

Deaths; Saint Edward the 
Confessor, reigned 1042-66, Lon- 
don, 1066. Sir Ernest Henry 
Shnckleton. explorer. South Geor- 
gia, Antarctica, 1922; 

The pound 



Franca Ff 

Hong Kang* 

In the garden . 

The cold ■ spell may have 
persuaded worms on lawns to 
burrow well below the surface. In 
cold or dry weather they .may 
descend to a depth of three feet or 
more. Sweep off any remaining 
worm casts: 

Worms do not live in acid soils. If 
there are any in your lawn make a 
note to start giving dressings of an 
arid fertilizer such as sulphate of 
ammonia or sulphate -of iron in 
March to bring it into ail arid 
condition - pH 5 is fine for lawns. 

Large numbers of dectric propo- 
galors .were given as Christmas 
presents and the recipients are no 
doubt keen to put them to work. 
This you may well do to root 
cuttings of ivies, iradesc&arias and 
other foliage plants. But unless you 
have a beared greenhouse or 
conservatory do not rush' to sow 
seeds of tender half hardy plants. Be 
guided by the advice on the packet 
or in the catalogue: If you sow too 
soon you may well end up with 
hundreds of seedlings and nowhere 
to keep them until it is safe to plant 
them ouL 

Try to keep a small area of a pool 
surface free from ioe if there are fish 
in the pooL Do not break the ice by 
hitting it. Stand a kettle of hoi water 
on the ice to mdt a bole and if the 
pool is not. too big bale out enough 
water to leave an inch or so of air 
between the ice and the water. Lay 
some wire, netting or canes across 
the hole and cover it with sacking or 
thick plastic sheeting. Ensure this 
cover is not weighed down by snow 
as it may freeze again, if it touches 
the water. 

Alternatively instal one of the 
small electric pool healers which 
will keep an area free from ice large 
enough for fish to come to the 
surface to breathe. 

Keep a sharp eye open for traces 
of mice in sheds. RH 


London and Smdh-EMt: Gat repairs moon 
DO toft rum into Victoria SI m 0m Junction wtti 
Bmsandon Place. SW1. dhwaton signed. 
Norwood; Romany Rd doted ar Junctkai wWi 
Gipsy Ra strata Ina nsfflc and tamparary 
stgneis. Some Tompmry traffic figtitr (24 
on MB Pd. tendon. 

The Mdtonda: MS; R oadworta eondnua to 
ita W of Brntaw ham between Junction 2 
fMl23) and 3 [M5fl Hatascwen* two lanea In 
Mdi dreeaon. MS: WkJrahig work SW of 
B m n a ie na ni tsatwean hmalon 4 U38 
Bronwcnwd *"11 5 JA3B Oroitwfch). fag 
Roadworks S Of Stretford at Aatanotrawr; tang 
delays. WarertcksHre. 

ibe North: MSI: Btacow Bridge. Juncdoo 
MSI/MS: ConstrucUoo of new motorway Mi 
cn MSI. Walton amnlt lane closures. Ml* 
RO cksure ot the S Yorkafilre Donsartw- 
ShefSeM Wr mad UrtU March _1M8. 
USVMS2/M602: Eodes Warchange. Greater 
Manehesten Lana raatrtsflona N ut Bw ton 
Bnd se. in pre pa raUon tor mdanlng of MSS two 


Scoflwwfc AJt Abfdaaoa Two sett of 
roadwortm are Mu^jtatanrs ontfw &eet 
Nortbemne. at Don St and at Anderson Driwc 
1 M roadwreka are in con n ac M pn Withadual 
cai r ia oeway esnatmcOon which Is ensctkig 
Aberdeen afcport. AJ«: Brtxncjd rertat- 
way dosed betwee n MC J unction 29J and Arfil 
(RanfrewsWret camaSM on westbound 

C * m ^Wonwrt^«ffipBsdbyaffiAA 

For readers who may have 
missed a copy-of The Times this 
week, we repeat below die 
week's Portfolio price changes 
(today’s are on page 12). 







London, SE England, East Angfac'Diy and 
bright but outbreaks of rain or sleet Wen wind 
mojhlyWl fight mnxJamp4C B9H. _ ■ 

Central 8. L central N, 1C Engtant 
Mrilnnrlr rtrlutiT fit Out. nr*n nrTTrr ft i j * rn nW 
preceded by neat or snow In places; max tamp 

Channel bdande: Outbroeka' ot rain after 
bright start; wind W Ight bacombig S fresh; 

max tamp BC (4SF) after eody toet 
SW England, Vreiea: RobispnmtSng from W 
with snow on high around, clearing tatar; wind 
S veering NW ftasn or strong; max temp SC 


Pensioners i 
robbed five 
times oyer 

-*:• By Slewart Tendler 

Crirae Reporter 

A couple in their 80s livfoo 
on a south London estate were 
burgled five times over the ”* 
Christmas period. During the 

attacks on their home they woe ' 

: also "beaten, Scotland Yaid -, 

. disdosed yesterday. 

The burglaries were not * 
reported by, the couple, who do 
not have a telephone, and they *' ' 
were rescued after a 
found them Injured. 

Mr Henry Beaton, wed 87, of 

Maskdl dose, St Martin's /- " 
Estate, Tnlse Hill, and lug wife 
Violet, aged 84, were said to be ‘ 
in a satis&ctory conditipn - 
hospital yesterday. ‘ .. - 

• Their hcahe was fitsrbtireied 

sometime between December • 

20 and 2L and then between- 
December 23 and 24, Decembct' ; - 
30-31, New Year's Eve, and 
early on New Year’s Day, In the ■ 
attack on the afternoon of New ~ ' 
year’s Eve .the couple were 
threatened with, a f p . 

the burglars* who took, tw 
. doorfceys and £30 in cash. 

Al l am on_ New Year’s Day 
between two .and fbar -youths . 
broke into the flat and hrid th f r 
couple for about six hours. Mr 
Beaton received broken ribs; 

bruising and a head wound. He 
was told that Ids toes would be ' 
cut offl •: 

Yesterday as ^police:' began v- 

searching the estate' after inter- 
viewing the couple, a suspect 
was approached.. He became 
violent- and. other youths be- •’ 
came involved witlf -police, a -- 
policedog handler vrastaken to 
King’s College HospitaE south 
London, with a head injuiy. 

• Five ' adults' aiid ajbvenfle ■' 
-wee held by, potioe. One was : ' 
arrested as a. suspected 

three for assaiilnng police and 
twoforobstntetingpolioe, --- ■ , - 

Move to stop 
office smokers 

The Health' and Safety al' 
Work Act ' may tbe uied to 
rii mina te totorai ^smote fiom 

offices and.fobfories. Environ- 
mentalists -in -Bi rmingham anr 
studying the Act to see if it can 
be need against, cigarette smoke 
in the same .way as it is used 
against other' poflatents,. in . ' 

order to proteet the htahh of 

non-smolteai''V/ . : '- : . : : 

Lighting-up time 

Times world-wide 

Noon in London is: 7 am in New 
York; 4 am in San Frurcaco; 9 pm 
in Tokyo; 1 1 pm in Canfcem; 2 pm 
in Jefaaanesbarg; 4 pm in Unfeed 
Arab Em i rates; 3 pm in KoQa; I 
pm in Nigeria; 3 pm In Moscow; 8 
pm in Hoag Kong. 

5.7 « IE * 


Highest and lowest 

1C CMFJ; AtaMat ratnMt Ftontwrouglt and 

flmamjt liferi; truest cuDshtaeTSougbs 

and Tenby 6.»r. 






^'ttx» M*. ftsf'jf . • c"^;f 




A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

times on paradise island 

Radio’s Desert ^anddi&^ retiiriis 

S tomorrow. But under it 

will be far less ^syi^^tef^.^en &e 

choice of the first guesfprovok si 

Hike Abraham 

j , i ■ 

' ^ T"^'™* 5 Okifidd, • dress 

■ iJf designer to- tirefikes- of 

: B^wJoan .Collins- .and .the- 

‘ E'r JL-J Princess .of Wales, is- 
lacing Michael Paridn- 
. - " X« JJ son, the new presenter of Radio 
• 4's Desert Island Discs. They art’. 
J r -'-ci.. having a pro-recording chat and 
,,J tyf,' “Parky” brings up tire subject of 
r> *' the royal connection^ • 

'•.mv Suddenly deadly serious after 
all the mild, banter* Oldfield 
’--in.'- 163115 forward . and mutters 

_■ "7 j'jSi urgently across the- green baize 
.. ! table; “Don’t ask rae-any direct . 

V^-g- questions about that 1 know 

■ • - 


'-shocked- Drescher" hadalready- 
■ confided *iiL- me: : “I don’t . think 
we -.can -- realty .^rtnrhTwiMi .'■ 
ohoT, The” pom : num ' had 
’With- 1 phjmJ^-’^owX.he..; was 
obviously' glimpsing the. -possi- 
bility tisal dnepftfee cosiest and; 
most amiable ■ iobsin broaricast- 

• : that the Queen listens . to this; 

programme - and you know 
how cross she can gel.” Oldfield 
r^ a ^ has' clearly felt the lash of -the 
' regal tongue before. 

Parkinson absorbs this with a 
: Ht > wry . smile. The recording gets 
' ' under way. Oldfield is' anxious 

pj; that he has still not worked out 

- •" the one luxury he is allowed on 

the island, but otherwise he is 

- • fluent and confident . . . almost 

... , v cocky.. 

. "■ " - E - But Parkinson has scented. 

: jy- Wood and, sure- enough, . up 

' : -'-v comes the. question about 

: „ - v<t dressing people ’ like Princess 
: Diana and Joan Collins. - He 

attempts, not entirely success- 

• Jfj cfo. fully, to exude the air of a man 

who has just plucked any two 
c rr, nl>v names put of the air.. -. 

•**»iUhql Oldfield filters but. seems tt>- 
.•r i ^ recover with: Tm usually in 

• .. . charge.” 

.,-..> Parkinson counters with .. a - 

broad -grin and: “You , don’t: 
-'—...v invoke the Royal displeasure 

. ,rr.! then? 1 ' 

7 Oldfield is definitely rattled 
now, but he manages: “You 

• -."i.T.' mean from Joan?”. He waves 
. an index finger in angryrebuke. 

' ^ The guard is now up and, 

even after a few . more -record, 

J breaks, Oldfield is dearly on the 

j look put for more of the same. 

But Parkinson is -a seasoned: 
— — , iVr r gunner who has found his 

- vTv range; bemeasures his next shot 
' ’ " ’ r " xr flawlessly. 

Coming in- straight frewn a 
musical break, the Yorkshire 
,. — accent at its flattest and most 
calculatedly philistine, he takes 
‘ Vy H aim and fires: “Now- dress; 

• * ^designing. Is ita properjobT*.; 

? | ■ ■ The Oldfield fecedrops and 

he bungles badly, coming up 
; :• with a Iame.answer about Sow. 
f. ’’ hard he works -“up to 10 horns 
£>’ : f, a week just on promotion.^ - 
> • ■ The recording ends. ..The 

. luxury settled, upon was an 
,i endless supply of cigarettes and 
the book, apart from: the Bible 
and Shakespeare, was J. P. 
Donleavy’s The D&tinies • of 
Darcy Dancer, Gentleman. 

As we file out of the sound 

engineer’s box Faddnson bursts 
-out of the studio; and grabs me 

.mg -Jwas:' m serious danger. 

- Parkinson- 'was - threatening to ' 
d^natethejbrmula. ...'<: 

- Dresciier:' mtended r-to open .' 
- with : a . progmmnjt which - 

Parkinson had already recorded ■ 
with, film director.: Alan Parker. ' 
.It Jiad;- so .the public relations - 
story goes — some; sen timental 
'value -as Parker was to .have 
been the - next -Flomley cast- . 
away, y 

In -fect :cven the Parker 
interview had broken the old ^ 
Plomley ..mould. : Parkinson had 
known the dirccjor of Midnight ' 
Express^ and Birdy for some 
the subject of the state of the. 
British, film industry. Parker 
Bad been usefully controversial,' 
denying -the existence of any 
revival and generally pouring 
cold water on the usual movie 
hype. , It was' just that bit -more 
explosive than anything Plom- 
fey would have tried. - 
Bui .all -this was beconpng.a;. 
bit like- intruding 1 oh; private - 
grief! There was httlc, ^ under the 
circumstances, I could do for 
Parkinson. I made my excuses 
-andteft.' • •*. r : 

D tiring- . a telephone 
converaaticn a few 
wedcs laiet; it became 
dear: that Parkinson 
had grown weary of 
the whole issue: “What doin' it 
matter • who kicks: off?- The 
sooner this becomes just , an- 
other radio programme the 
.bettec.”--’ : - ' ' * 

Throughout December .Par- 
kinson had been ; rushing 'to 
record a whole 14-show senes of 
DID. Evenrths was in ccaStrast 
with Plqmley who bad jogged ■ 
alohg at a_ steady, one or two.', 
recordings a week. He used to '.] 
"lake the castaways out to lunch. 
that 'The problemisthat hoj 


Castaways are allowed one object of their choice. 

After 43 years the beaches are littered . . . 

Shore; touch: Parkinson rehearses with Bruce Oldfield Qeft) and Derek Drescher (centre) before the real interview (below) 

. , by the elbow. His eyes are those 
;. of a hunter after a successful ’ 
’ kiO. He had sweetly, smilingly 
. and amiably “turned over” 

- Oldfield and he knew it. r - 

; ; ; “Can you have a word .with 
: : 'him?™ He flicks his head in the 
- : ; direction of the producer Derek 
;! .Drescher who, mercifully^ can- 
; - not bear what is going on- . 

’? “Try. to perauade him to-put 
-this one out first” One knows 
- ; exactly what be means. After ;43' 
:■ -years of the urbane- flattety 'trf' 

1 . Roy Plomley, Parkinson wanted 
! : .his first show to announce that : 
. ..a new style had come to DID.. 
Hi'Once, appearing on the show , 
-had been like receiving the OBE v 
.i -jor dying - nobody would .say .' 
: : iknything bad about you - but 
now things are clearly- going to 
a little grittier. 

plans to spend three' months 
from January .watching cricket 
in AnstraHa and the West 
IndkiC So the programmes had 
to besewnup try thoNew Year. 

-Plomley died in-the spring 
and the dedsibn was immedi- 
show:- It was among the oldest 

programmes in world and 

among the most loved. It had a 
warin coxnbinaisbn . of calm, 
obsequious chat ahd thc mild 
thrill of gpessihg what records, 
luxuries and^ books the guests 
wcrald’ dibose. It was the 
essence- of Radio '4»j or more 
. correctly, ''the 'Horife Service, 
audit steadOy^dzcw one million 
listeners. .L: ' . ... . ... , • 

But. PlomI«jr.;wzs die pro-, 
gramme. Its sotid,; institutional 
quality arose from . his friendly 
style and his comptete inability 
to conduct an- interview. His 
genial inquiries., were predict- 
able and designed solely to efiot 
anarrative or-the.niosl. conven- 
tional-possible view;' There was 
-never .a fifficult -qnestibn arid 
certamly-rio- professional trick- 
csry; ■ Roy^Plomley 'iievcx7*tiinicd 
. over^ anybody ai^- he remains 
oneoftbefew people. could 
be heard smilin g ctn radio. 

Plomley’s widow, who in- 
berited the .show’s, copyright. 

had some say-in the; choice of 
successor. Ae agreed to a list of 
five names, any of whom could 
be ., chosen! Then, she went 
puUic^and announced that she 
preferred : . ;Richard Baker. 
Drescher felt aggrieved-and then 
distinctly wounded when she 
reacted, badly -to .the choice of 
Parkinson. The battle between 
the ohParid : tbe new had begun 
arid^E^cscberwasin the middle. 

' ^Well,-,we'<iia dioose Parky 
becaose- we .wanted ' somebody 
sbghtly . different”, he confides, 
“soinebody- with a bit more 
e^|e. T mean people used to say 
that ‘Roy -was- good at drawing 
people ciit - bill he w^n’L If 

somebody wasn’t talking he. was 

.- . • ' 

jf^S^ n the - Oldfield day 
M . SParidnson . . was . to 
I ; ■ squeeze ^in two record- 
ings - jazz musician 

' . j Johnny Dankworth in 
the morning - and Oldfield m the 
afidmodn. The day starts at 
10.3Gam in Drescher’ s office. It 
isim-lheRadio’3 building, to be 
dk>se^ to dre' record library and' 
. the ■: necessary expertise in 
identifting. exactly vriiat music 
castaways are after. 

Parkinson bounces in slightly 
late .and .‘it immediately be- 
comes- clear- that- Dankworth — 
along with people like Boycott, 
.Best. and.Con&ofly- is on the 

list of Parky’s intimates. No- 
body is about .to get : “turned 
over”. ' 

He has all the non-style of 
wealthy middle-aged broad- 
casters - cavalry twill trousers, a 
pullover whose pattern matches 
his socks, a leather jacket' and a 
salt-beef sandwich. 

We plough through the list of 
music which Dankworth . has 
sent them in advance. Drescher 
plays the records too loudly 
through his Macantz stereo and 
times them with his stop-watch. 
Every piece draws out anec- 
dotes at which Parkinson laughs 
in his familiar afl-boys-together 

.That process over, we stroll 
over to Broadcasting House for 
the recording. Parkinson is 
insistently keen to establish that 
he -wants to be different from - 
Plomley. He, for example, 
wants Arthur Scaigill as a guest 
-. difficult to imagine him 
responding to the gentle interest 
of good old Roy. 

' The desert , island! itself is a 
green baize table surrounded by 
padded turquoise screens in one 
corner of an -enormous studio. . 
There, is not so much as a 
cardboard palm tree to give a 
little atmosphere. During . the 
recording, theydo not even play 
-the records. This annoys Par- 
kinson, who keeps moaning 
about- having to pick up the 

interview by referring to the 
preceding unheard music. 

But the sound engineer Is 
perfect. He was obviously born 
inside Broadcasting House and 
has never been anywhere else. 
He is a young version of the 
vintage BBC boffin and he still 
has his school name-tag on his 
battered brief case - “P.C. 

The show goes smoothly 
enough. It is not like Plomley in 
that Parkinson seems less 
interested in the whole life story 
and. the tone is less deferential. 
But it is cosy. 

Dankworth dealt with, we go 
in search of lunch. Parkinson 
knows of a Chinese restaurant 
but it is fulL He stands for a 
while in front of the waiter to 
ensure he has been recognized, 
but the man remains inscru- 
table and the restaurant remains 

Everybody drinks except 
Parkinson, yet even so he begins 
to loosen up in some mysterious 
way. He launches into some 
predictable criticisms, of Terry 
Wogan - guests reduced to 
ciphers, too big for his boots 
and so on,, all combined with 
the usual disclaimers - “of 
course Terry’s a lovely guy.” 

Then be begins to wonder 
about Oldfield and Princess 
Diana and it becomes dear why 
he is relaxing - he is lookuc 
forward to the challenge. * 

Drescher leaves to start work 
with Oldfield, but Parkinson is 
warming to his theme and be 
stays over several more coffees 
to discuss the vicissitudes of 
broadcasting life. 

Back at Drescher's office 
Oldfield has significantly raised 
the sartorial stakes - double- 
breasted black and white her- 
ring-bone jacket, black suede 
shoes and Paisley-pattern tie. 

H is choice of records - 
complete with serial 
numbers - had ar- 
rived neatly typed on 
Bruce Oldfield 

headed nolepaper. But there is 
some trouble about the right 
order which nettles Parkinson. 
He keeps dragging the conver- 
sation back to practicalities 
while Drescher and Oldfield 
mu tier about precisely which 
piece is required from The 
•Magic Flute. 

Eventually we start the trek 
to a studio - this time it is 
smaller and there is no P. C 
Hutchinson. Instead there is a 
girl of the genus “Islington” 
who priggishly cuts off the 
overheard conversation about 
the Royals and sneers “got your 
story thenr at the gentleman of 
the press. She also completes 
Parkinson and Oldfield's 
sentences and their grammar for 
the benefit of those in the box 
during the recording. Come 

There have been a few defeatists 
along the way. Bandleader Billy 
Cotton chose as his one luxury a 
ticket home and pianist Sir 
Clifford Cnrzon took along a pill 
to pot him to sleep for ever. By 
and large, however, the desert 
island has become what it was 
never intended to be - a 
monument to self-indulgence. 

With Marti Caine in her 
bobble bath, Janet Suzman in 
mink-lined hammock and Helen 
Mirren in silk underwear, it is 
scarcely surprising that most of 
the scores of field glasses and 
telescopes have, over the years 
of Desert Island Discs, been 
chosen by men - among them, 
A. P. Herbert Eamonn An- 
drews, Ronald Searle, Robert- 
son Hare, Sir Arthur Bliss, 
David Attenborough and Fred 

Allowing for the immortality 
of its occupants, the all-pervad- 
ing aroma on the island is that 
of expensive perfume brought by 
Jessie Matthews, Alicia Mar- 
kova, Felicity Kendal and, 
surprisingly, John Osborne. 

Ever since Spike Hughes 
bowled up with a barrel of wine 
in January, 1952. the sound of 
drunken merriment has become 
steadily louder. C. Day Lewis, 
Andrew Lloyd Webber. Gregory 
Peck, aud Sir Robin Day have 
kept the cellars topped up factor 
Hugh Williams remembered 
mercifully to bring a corkscrew) 
while whisky has been laid on 
by R. C. Sherriff, Burl Ives, 
Daphne du Manner, Lord 
Shinwelt the Marquess of Bath 
and Kingsley Amis, apricot 
brandy by Sir Alec Guinness 
and vodka by Terry Wogan. 

If Superintendent Robert 
Fabian of Scotland Yard dared 
to emerge from under his 
umbrella he would have little 
difficulty in solving some out- 
rageous thefts. 

Scattered around the island 
are Valerie Hobson with The 
Albert Memorial, Osbert Lan- 
caster with Venus de Milo, 
Tyrone Power with Leonardo da 
Vincfs notebooks, Kenneth 
Williams with Michelangelo's 
Apollo, Lionel Bart with Nel- 
son's Column and Joan Fon- 

back, P. C. Hutchinson, there 
was nothing to forgive. 

The royal fencing and the 
“not a proper job" jibe badly 
fluster Oldfield. The next 
question is about some fashion 
designers being lirap-wrisied. 

“There are as many mascu- 
line woman in fashion as there 
are effeminate men”, he replies. 
Parkinson guffaws and swings 
violently backwards in his 
chair. ’“Great”, he shouts, 
“there are more lesbians than 
poofs in fashion?” Drescher 

Finally it is over and 
Parkinson is looking pleased 
with himself while Oldfield 
looks unsure. “Cheeky inter- 
view”. he murmurs. Through- 
out he had been worrying about 
what “people will say” or what 
his friends would think - and he 
clearly has the inkling that what 
he has just been through was 
like neither dying nor being 
awarded the OBE. 

For the rest of the series 
Drescher and Parkinson were 
having trouble persuading Elton 
John to take part, but they had 
10 shows under their belt and 
four to do before the Australian 
jaunt. The show must go on, but 
Plomley is dead - Tong live 
Parky! Well, reasonably long 
live Parky - the contract is only 
for 12 months and Richard 
Baker still seems quite chipper. 

O Timex Newipapen Lid. 1986 

taine, perhaps most daringly of 
all, with the Taj MahaL 

Several castaways, however, 
are only here for the sleep. 
Among those who arrived with 
their owd bed are Evelyn Laye, 
Sid _ James, bandleader Ray 
Ellington (with mosquito net). 
Baroness Sommers kill (four- 
poster). David Niven and 
Margaret Leighton with her old 
Girt Guide camp bed. 

What none of them realized 
was that sleep on the island is 
almost impossible - the whole 
place is shaking to the sound of 

The orchestra is, to say the 
least, an usually composed, with 
Yehudi Menuhin, Max Jaffa, 
Frank Muir and James Herriot 
on violin: Pat Smythe, John 
Gregson, Marty Wilde, Harry 
Carpenter and Bing Crosby 
(guitars): Jimmy Edwards (eu- 
phonium); Henry Williamson 
(cor anglais); H. E. Bates 
(banjo); James Mason (bag- 
pipes) and Hnmphrey Lyttieton, 
Valentine Dyall and Gareth 
Edwards on trumpet. 

Although the great majority 
of islanders have chosen the 
qniet, contemplative life with 
paints, drawing materials or 
writing paper and pens, there is 
a certain amount of violent 
activity. While Sarah Vang ban. 
Sir Len Hatton. The Lords 
Booth by and Longford. Max 
Bygraves, Peter Brough and 
Archie Andrews are swinging 
around the golf coarse, Peter 
Ustinov and Alan Melville have 
brought their tennis rackets and 
Frederick Forsyth is creating 
mayhem with his bow and 

Meanwhile, Tito Gobbi is 
keeping discomfort at bay with 
his ivory backscratcher, Ludovic 
Kennedy is savouring a jar of 
tartare sauce, Alfred Marks has 
hrought along a telephone which 
doesn’t work, Alfred Hitchcock 
a Continental railway timetable 
and Oliver Reed, regrettably, an 
inflatable rubber woman. 

Only Victor Borge has . 
brought nothing. For him, the 
greatest luxnry is not having to 
pay tax or insurance. 

William Greaves 

Alan Parker (above) is the guest on 
the first Desert Island Discs of the 
new senes, on Radio 4 tomorrow 
from 12.15pm-12J55pm. 


Police man’s ball: 

Sting on his 
solo tour - page 32 

Arts diary 32 Gardening 29 
Bridge 28 Opera 32 
Chess 28 Ont& About 28 

Concerts 32 Photography 32 
Crossword 31 Review 31 
Dance 32 Shopping 29 

Drink 29 TV £ Radio 31 

Filins 32 Theatre 32 

Galleries 32 Travel 26.27 



5th JANUARY 9.30am to 6.00pm 

jP ffc Around 2,000 garments worth more than £2 million* 

will be on show -all direct from the manufacturers and at 
(yys S? j# genuine wholesale prices. 

This overwhelming selection covers everything, from the 
ZAst&is sheer luxury of mink and top USSR full-length silver fox 

coats, to the U. K. ? s biggest-ever collection of elegant 
for-lined raincoats. 

And with each purchase you make over £499, well give 
you 2 stylish fur jackets absolutely free on presentation 
of this ad. 

This really is a unique offer by the directors of Budget 
Furs 83 to buy direct from one of the finest manufacturers of for 
garments in the U.K. 

Why pay infia ted retail prices when you can buy your fins 

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Access/Visa/Amex/Diners and personal cheques accepted. 
Export Orders VAT refundable. 

Budget Furs 83 


The State Room 
11 Tnurioe Place, London SW7 

(300 yards fam H arrodtl 


Silver Fax Coats RRP £8^95- £2,995 Mink Coats RRP £l-530-£475 

Stranded Raccoon Coats rrf £ 3 , 460 — £995 Stranded Raccoon Jackets rrp$£ 95-£299 

Stranded Mink Coats rrp £2*950- £995 Minkjadcets RRP £895-2245 

Sflver Fox Jackets rrp £2$260-£640 Fur-lined Raincoats rrp £656- £195 

Fax Jackets RRP £295— £99 


Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 



On horseback to 
the rose-red city 

Continuing his occ asional 
series on far-flung places, 
Michael Watkins heads for 
Jordan, a land of holy tombs 
and pagan shrines, where ‘welcome’ is the 

universal greeting and the dramas 

of the past are etched in the desert rock 


|Qmat cr-fUbad 

o Amman 



& O Herat 


25 miles 

T rode into Petra on a horse 
called Sahar; and it was foul, the 
weather was exquisitely fouL 
Anyone can enter Petra on a 
fine day. That takes no skill at 
all for most days are fine. The 
day I chose was God-sent, or at 
least the gift of lesser Nabatean 
deities who haunt this spot, and 
their message seemed ominous, 
containing stinging phrases like 
“go back". Gusts of cruelty 
drove through the Siq. so that 
the tain slanted in sabre cuts. 

Fallahat. my Bedouin guide, 
was unaffected; it was less than 
nothing to him. Not once did he 
turn in his saddle, his assump- 
tion that I followed was total. 

So follow I did. dwarfed by 
the Siq. the tortuous deft, sole 
entrance to the canyon in which 
the Nabateans created a city by 
carving houses and temples out 
of variegated rock around 
S00 BC. A unique city, built, 
abandoned at ibe time of the 
Crusaders and rediscovered by 
chance in IS 12 by ar. Anglo- 
Swiss explorer. John Bur- 

“A rose-red city - half as old 
as Timer’; and rose-red it was, 
justifying the cliche. Half as old 
as Time was a lie, for Time is 
very old indeed. Older than 
Aaron whose tomb caps nearby 
Mount Hon older than Moses 
himself where, at Wadi Musa, 
he struck the rock and water 
gushed forth. 

I believed it too, as I would 
have believed anything of Petra 
whose effect was chimerical; 
monstrous and beautiful, part 
heaven, part helL I would not 
have the courage to sleep there 
alone at night, beneath the High 
Place of Sacrifice on Mount 
Ncjr - where the devil walks is 
no place for man. 

I say this and yet Petra was 
irresistibly an emotional mag- 
net. Twisting and turning from 
building to building, from the 
Treasury to the Urn Tomb, 
from the Corin thian Tomb to 
the Floreciinus Tomb, it. felt 
that I was being manipulated. 

1 hate heights, they scare me; 
but in order to see the ruins of 
Petra you must climb several 


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cliffs and mountains within the 
canyon. Leaving the horses, we 
began a 45-minute haul to the 
Monastery of Deir, carved in 
the third century AD to the 
Nabatean god Dhu-shara. As if 
this wasn’t enough Fallaha t, 
gesturing me to match foothold 
for foothold, started swarming 
up the rack-face of the monas- 
tery itself, spread-eagling bis 
arms to find a grip. By what 
miracle I do not know, but we 
stood side by side on the dome, 
looking towards Sinai, the 
Negev and the Biblical lands of 

Apart from the Rest House, 
the only accommodation for 
miles’ was the Forum Hotel at 
Wadi Musa, a township of 
8,000 souls and 400 horses. It 
was not a jazzy hotel it 
moulded itself into the barren 
surround, neon-less. It had been 
open a couple of years and its 
manager watched it take shape, 
it was almost a living thing to 
him, but he was becoming 
Petrafied and had to tear 
himself away. We talked as he 
poured me an Industrial mea- 
sure of gin in his house. He said 
that "Little Petra" was just as 
special as Petra itself, inviting 
me to join him on an expedition 
the next day. 

Because he knew archeologist 
Diana Kirkbride, we paused to 
see her excavations at Beida, a 
site considered as important as 
Jericho. The oldest inhabitants, 
circa 7.000 BC, built here, 
developed crafts, ground grain; 
and we looked into those 
houses, unearthed beneath the 

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Specialists m Jordan: Jasmin 
Tours, High Street, Cookham, 
Maidenhead, Berks SL6 8SQ 
(06285-29444). Rights to Amman 

by ADa; The Royal Jordanian 
Airline. The Hashemite Kingdom of 
Jordan requires that your passport 
contains no Israeli immigration 

stamps, insisting that you obtain a 

new passport if such stamps exist 
You also need a Jordanian visa, 
wtwch can be issued at Amman 
Airport on arrival for about £T 1 . 
Horses and guide at Petra: £12. 

Two can dine for 220-225; bear £2 
a dess; gin and tonlo £3.50; local 
wine about E5. 

Best limes to travel: AprfrJune; 


Useful reading: The Antiquities of 
Jordan by G. LanKaster Harding 
(Lutterworth Press, £8); Fedor’s 
Jordan and the Hoty Land, £1 0.80. 
Seven Pillars of Wisdom by T. E. 

sky, arguably the oldest houses 
in the world. Beyond Beida was 
“Little Petra", so called because 
it is all I have so for described in 
miniature, its secret better 
contained by remoteness and by 
an ancient guard, Mihimmid 
Axzxarin. a trusty Arab and 
honest, according to his refer- 
ence signed by Diana Kirkbride. 

Three days earlier Fd flown 
into Amman. It should have 
been light, but the Royal 
Jordanian Airline was four 
hours late; so the day had 
turned eel-black. The long drive 
into the capital was like being 
blindfolded. There was nothing 
tactile about that drive, nor was 
there about the four-star hotel 
a lo which the car delivered me: it 
'wasn't a bad hotel and it wasn't 
a good one, if anything it 
seemed reluctantly acceptable. 

Next day was Friday, Islam’s 
holy day; so Amman was shut 
But I had a driver and a large 
American car that wallownl 
along like a bedroom aD the way 
to J crash. 30 miles north. Like 
most things which have come 
under the influence of Rome, 
Jerash was imposing in a brutal 
Third Reich way. Found- 
ed by Alexander the Great in 
332 BC to last a thousand years, 
it didn’t quite make iL Not' in 
its entirety at any rate; but 
enough still remains of the 
Forum, Temple of Jupiter, 
Street of Columns, Nym- 

Had the. car sleazed on 
another three hours or so we’d 
have arrived in Damascus, 
where I’d have turned right 
heading towards the Syrian 
desert caravan resting place 
along the old silk route known 
as Palmyra. Where Jerash was 
tamed, domesticated by the 
modern town around it,. 
Palmyra still belongs to the 
desert, to the god Bel and to raw 
elements. like Petra, it is- 
bewitched; inexplicable currents 
are abroad, it does not do to 
flaunt them for fear of reprisal. 

There was nothing of the sort 
about the 12th-century hill 
fortress of Ajilun, sometimes 
mistaken for a Crusader castle. 
Bui Qala'at er-Rabad was built 
as a defence against Crusaders; 
it dominates a 4,000ft mountain 
overlooking the Jordan Valley 
and the land of Gilead. There 
were many people there: all as 

*«**««* • ********+** 

Portrait of a 
S elf-m ade City 


For • ftte tort An cmhrallln* ini 

s^nunn na| an Antnenlun 
'oadw mil our l nwliiw an mdnidujl 
hoUlx,. to dm fcauriiul (in. *mrr « 
Ham - 

Time Off LkL, 

2a Chester Close. London 
5W1X 7BQ. 01-235 8070 

ii. Tf S 

Pillars of strength: columns in the forum at Jerash, founded by Alexander the Great 

as I could tell were more than an overgrown vil- Moabites, was the mas 

far as I could tell were 

A replete-looking family 
group invited me to torn their 
own Yashica on them in a kind 
of photographic hora-kiri\ and 
when I did they said “Wel- 
come”. It was the one English 
word with which the entire 
population seemed familiar ask 
where the post-office was, walk 
headlong into a plate-glass door, 
“Welcome" was the universal 

The day was half-done by 
then, still time to belt down to 
the shores of the Dead Sea, 
1,306ft below sea leveL In 
Arabic it is called Bahr Lut, the 
Sea of Lot. I have seen it many 

We looked into houses 
built in 7000 BC - the 
oldest in the world 

times from the other side,- but 
from no angle can I be 
persuaded that it has any 
redeeming feature. On the Israel 
side there are one or two hotels; 
and they are awful 

Along the road were wistful - 
signposts pointing to Jerusalem; 
there were mine-fields too, 
marked by skull and cross- 

He was still there next 
morning when I drew my hotel 
room curtains on the 18th floor 
a shepherd tending a straggly 
flock on a patch of land 
encircled by motorway. Fd 
watched him since arriving, a 
figure from the past, an 
anachronism of small relevance 
in Amman. Yet as recently as 
1 932 this capital city was “little 

more than an overgrown vil- 
lage"; so, for from denying the 
shepherd his pasture, there is 
every likelihoood that he or his 
kin will be around long after 
Amman returns to the wilder- 
ness to which it once belonged. . 

This was my most prescient 
feeling about the capital of the 
Hashemite kingdom of Jordan: 
a sense of impermanence, that 
tides of history and sand win 
engulf. That day I tried to find 
the heart of Amman, built like 
Rome, on seven hills; and when 
I did. it fluttered only feebly. By 
right it is old: the earliest 
Biblical reference is uTDeutero- 
noray m, which says that the 
meat iron bed of Og, King of 
Bashan. is in the Rabbath of 
Ammon. But it’s gone, van- 

The Roman theatre is there* 
marvellously restored, . but 
much of the rest, is a dreary, 
utilitarian hodge-podge. 

There are two roads south: 
the Desert Highway and the 
King’s Road. Thq guide-book 
said Petra was three hours by 
the former, eight by the latter; 
so I took the latter. 

I made three stops: the first at 
Madaba to see, in the Greek 
’ Orthodox Church, the fith-cen- 
tury AD mosaic map of 
Palestine and Jordan, which- 
includes a street plait of 
Jerusalem at the time. The 
second was six miles north, at 
Mount Nebo, because on a clear, 
day you can see the Mount of 
Olives and because it is one of 
the alleged sites of Moses's 
tomb. The third stop, 75 mfles 
on at Kerak or Crak des 

Moabites, was the massive 
Crusader castle which held the 
Modem armies at polite dis- 
tance until in 1189. Saladin 
took iL From here on. through 
Wadi Wala and Wadi Mujib, 
the going was pure d rama, a 
pictorial Bible opened page by 
page all the way to Petra. 

After Petra, before striking 
the sea at Aqaba, there was 
Wadi Rum. the silent' desert, 
known as the Valley of the 
Moon, the route taken by 
Lawrence and the Sherif of 
Mecca : in the .Arab Revolt 

1’ turned up in. Aqaba, 68 
years behind Lawrence. He 
wrote that it was . . dirty and 

Tbe English and the 
Arabs get on because 
we are both devious 1 

contemptible, , lacking entirely , 
.in that dignity which _ the 
durability of their tiirie-chal- 
lengmg . bones conferred on 
ancient remains". Ah, yes; well 
I stayed, at the. Holiday Inn 
because it was the best in town. 

Ships unloaded the toys of 
war, and they were trucked 
away, whining along the road to 
Baghdad. The toTirists had 
migrated north, to Basel and 
Bremen; it was too hot for 
them, they are not devious 
enough to enjoy discomfort. 
Which is -why we, the English 
and the Arabs - peripherally if 
no more - get on; why there is a 
touch of H Lawrence in many 
of us: because we are both, 
devious, we’re good at being is in our blood. 


Pay now, 
go easy 

Two companies, Superbreak 
Mini-Holidays and Inter-Hotel 
have. combined to" offer a pre- 
paid “go-as-you-please” hotd- 
accommodation voucher 
scheme aimed at independent 
travellers, particularly those 
pl an ing a motoring holiday. It 
covers more than 400 hotels in 
Britain. Ireland, France, Swit- 
zerland, Germany and Belgium. 

F? rh voucher costs £42 and 
provides one night’s accommo- 
dation for two people in a twin 
room, including service, VAT 
and a complimentary -telephone 
call to arrange the following 

night’s accommodation. 

It also includes full breakfast 
in Britain (except London) and 
Ireland or Continental breakfast 
elsewhere. Reservations can be 
made only one day in advance 
and the vouchers are not 

Information from Superbreak 
(01-278 0383), or Inter-Hotel- 

Liberal savings 

The new liberalized air agree- 
ment between the British and 
Dutch governments has re- 
sulted in British Airways cutting 
fores on the busy London- Am- 
sterdam route. The Saver fare 
will’ be cut by £10 to £99 return 
and the Super Saver fore by £22 
to £69 return. The £55 Late 
Saver return fore is retained at 
its present level. . 

• Combined sea-fares between 
tbe UK and Denmark. Sweden 
and Germany are to be available 
for the first time in 1986. Travel 
is by DFDS Seaways' North 
Sea ferry services In one 
direction and by ’schednled 
services of British Airways, Air 
UK and SAS Scandinavian 
Airlines in the other. Fares 
between London and 
Copenhagen range between 
£200 and £250 return according 
to season and include the rail 
journeys to or from Harwich 
and Esbjerg. Combined sea-air 
• fares are also available on 
DFDS services to Gothenburg 
and Hamburg. 

Flying licences 

The Civil Aviation. Authority 
has reminded holidaymakers 
planning a charter flight-based 
holiday to ensure that the tour 
operator holds a valid Air 
Travel Organizer's Licence 
<ATOL). An ATOL is also 
needed for some holidays based 
bn scheduled flights. An ex- 
planatory leaflet published by 
the CA4, What is an ATOL?. is 
being, distributed to citizens’ 
advice bureaux, consumer ad- 
vice centres and ABTA-member 
travel agents^ Free, copies are 
also available from the CAA. 
Printing, arid Publication Sec- 
tion, PO Box 42, Cheltenham 

Frozen assets 

Holidays in Latin America wilt 
he cheaper this year, according 
to a. specialist operator. South 
American, Travel, The company 
has frozen most of its prices and 
has introduced shorter duration 
packages, with-prices starting at, 
£635 for an inclusive 10-day 
holiday in Rio. The company is 
offering, tours to almost every 
country on the South American' 
continent, including Argentina. 
Information : 01-833 2641. 

Philip Bay 

*®The service 
was so professional 
that I felt if I had left 
my shoes outside the 
door they would have 
been cleaned?^ 

We may 
have cut 
our prices. 


we haven’t 
clipped our 

Extraafiom just one of nuviy unsolicited 
■ letters mened bv us neentlv. 


Perish the thought Wre still flown to only foe best 

and our reps are still second to none. 

At first glance it's only our prices that are different, 
dashed by up to 20% from last year. But we have also' 

-w moke the differ e nce 

Street, Loader WtR7ADT&OM34WT. 

Or LtunVra Sirott. E6nnujgfaim.Td: GU-trO 96®. 
PwSatW.Mmctw»* m:0M^34443fc Hope Sou, Qaifttcm: OH-221 2932, 

f 4 

* r* - .. % *4 

KV-V' — 
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h'v ■ 



4 l*lr- 

• : -CIL> 

. "■; r -? * 
:• Vi'i. 

•' i”;?% 
. --or, 5 

• ■:■■:' S 


Shona Orawfbtd Poeie: reports on Davos and keeps a weather eye on bargain breaks, while Richard Williams falls for Schladming 

.v -:; e >v 

‘ ' :K s 

Davos boasts the first T-bar in 
the world., {j is also the venne- 
for the annual AngfoSwiss 
pariiamenlary ski race,, and to 
quote the town’s own marketing 
manager “of all resorts we axe 
among the more expensive”. 
Oh, and Robert Louis Steven- 
son wrote the final chapters, of 
Treasure Island while staying at 
the Belvedere hotel and- over 
the hiD is Klostere where Prince 
Charles used to-sld. 

At the Central Sporthotel 
where- I stayed. The Jokers 
played . live muzak and . the 
biggest thing on the breakfast, 
table was an orange plastic 
Ovomaltine buckei for collect- . 
iflg all the butter, sugar and jam 
wrappings that accumulate* in 
the fight for their contents. 

And, misery of miseries, my 
s kiin g had gone to pieces. 
Unfamiliar runs are no fa n 
when every way down is as 
difficult .as you can make h. 

By the time my legs had 
remembered how to ski «nrf 
London-trained lungs accli- 
matized to life at around 2,000 
metres, the. strengths and 
weaknesses of the place were 
becoming clear. 

On the plus side is the extent 
and variety of the skiing. Most 
impressive are the long rims on 
Parsenn and the mogulslopes of 
Jakobshorn which face each 

otirer.aams the;town. With a 
-score' of lU black Ifaes.on the 
piste. ' map, there 1 are plenty of. 
marked, runs to: interest ' the 
^»e^r Intre^: ^;it would 

skier who' otmkf fixptore^'tbi 
network of red runs' thtwri nghly 
inside a fortnight. 

Davos is .die. regional dair y 
centre and eamestly: Swiss. Its 
drapers gp in -for long under- 
wear, its ironmongers stir fine 
^ yoo dcarving" chisels at . a ffctc-' 

- tion of Britisbprices, and- the 
food is sumptuously, richly 
delicious. It goes without saying ; 
that ' everything works and . that 
the green robidog stands in' the 
main 1 street . never rah. out of 
plastic bags 'dispensed to con- 


TajJor-madaSfd Tours, Edysmead 
House, Fartelgh Wick, Bradford-oo- 
Avon, Wntsttfre BA15 2 PZ (0225 

859598). A week at the four-star 
Central Spqrthmaf wjtfr scheduled 
Swtesair flight, train transfers from 
Zurich, tuB winter sports Insurance 
and two days ski-gidding costs 
hum £349-Throughoat January 
Taflor-madonms powder skflng- - 
weeks with five daysof skhguang 
fora £25. surcharge on the basic 
hoBday price. The company offers 
drive arrangementsandsetection 

sdeutious citizens for collecting 
pooch poop. 

' Trains connect sensibly with 
-buses and ski lifts and all of 
them run on time, which is just 
as well because getting from one 
place to another talus a little 
planning The town is long and 
thin and divided into two 
distinct areas; Davos dorf and 
Davos platz. By bus from platz 
to dorfand thence by mountain 
railway to Wrissflutjoch, water- 
shed of the Parsenn area; took 
exactly an hour at mid-week in 
low season. 

It is. precisely because Davos 
is a real place that it is less 
convenient than a purpose-built 
resort and more difficult, to 
come to grips with quickly. For 
this reason and because the 
skiing is so diverse a' guide is an 
invaluable introduction. 

Tailor-made Ski Tours, a 
five-year-old tour operation to 
Davos run by qualified ski 
instructor Colin and Judith 
McCubbin, Includes two days of 
guided skiing in groups of no 
more than five in every week’s 
doing booked. The McCnbbins 
will take off into the powder, 
through the trees, down the 
gullies or stick safely to cruising 
on piste exactly as their clients 
wish. They are very nice people 
to-ski with, especially for those 
in the mood to stretch them- 


K P '"’lM 

The lowdown on Austria 

Fresh fields: recent snowfalls have improved conditions 

It is said that no man will admit 
to being a poor performer in 
bed or at the steering wheel I 
will go further. I am no good on 
T-bars, either. 

I try, though. Whole after- 
noons are sacrificed to private 
T-bar practice as I shuttle up 
and down a nursery slope, 
chanting z mantra specially 
devised to relax the nerves by 
engendering a trust in the 
basically benign intention of 
whoever invented the blasted 

The T-bar is not, I tell myself 
pan of the SAS induction 
course. It is there simply to take 
you up the hill, a function it- 
performs without drama for 
millions of fat grandmothers 
and mewling eight-year-olds 
each season. It is so easy that 
some people can even ride a T- 
bar and conduct a conversation 
at the same time. 

Not me. If you see my lips 
moving, it is merely to recite 
the mantra: “Relax. . .bend the 
knees. . Jet the bar pull you 
. . .don’t lean out. . .DON'T 

A moment later, I have 
executed a graceful sideslip into 
the virgin powder and am 
gazing in a rage at .the ascending 
posterior of the large German 
with whose centre of gravity I 
have just proved incompatible. 
Then I contemplate the pros- 
pect of sidestepping 50 metres 
down to the foot of the lift, 
dodging the mocking smiles of a 

stream of ascending eight-year- 
olds and grandmothers. 

Since this was practically the 
last thing that happened to me 
at the end of four days in 
Schladming, it has since become 
a bit of a spectre in the memory. 
That is a pity, since this 
attractive old town otherwise 
has much to commend it to 
skiers of every calibre. 

A first good impression was 
created by the 90-minut$ 
transfer from Salzburg’s little 
airport, much appreciated by 
those still rubbing a sore 
memory of a six-hour trip 
between Geneva and Val 
d ’I sere. The second obvious 
asset was the intimate, un com- 
mercialized atmosphere of the 
town centre, which might be 
likened to a calmer Kitzbuhel. 
The third attraction was the fact 
that, despite brown meadows at 
ground level (745m), we were 
able to ski at alL 

Schladming has four moun- 
tains, one of which - the 
l,894m-bigb Planai — rises 
practically out of the town 
centre. Planai’ s features include 
the opportunity to sld a world 
championship downhill course, 
whose grand sweeps are quite 


I stayed in Schladming at the four- 
star Sporthotel Royer, where 
Thomas Cook offers half-board 
terms ranging from £299 for seven 
nights In low season to £635 for 14 
nights in mid-February. 

manageable by intermediates. 
On our visit though, the bare 
final section had been covered a 
day or two before by artificial 
snow, which had frozen into a 
field of vicious moguls. That 
put an end to the dreams with a 
bump or, rather, a series eif 

Of the three other peaks, 
Hochwurzen probably has the 
best beginners' slopes while 
Hauser Kaibling and Reiteralm 
are covered in the sort of tree-- 
lined red runs that raise fallen 
spirits. They raised mine, 
anyway, after a distinctly patchy 
week in the French Alps. 

Those T-bars undid most of' 
the good work, though. On the 
glorious Reiteralm there are two 
in particular that proved shat- 
tering, each dragging skiers for 
nine minutes over distances of 
more than 1 . 6 km. 

Would it not be in the 
Austrians’ best interests to 
install chairs in such places? Or 
am I just being pathetic in 
expecting them to accommo- 
date the incompetence of those 
who were not bora on skis? ' - 

While they are improving 
transportation, they should also 
do something about geeing up 
the shuttle service between the 
four mountains. We heard 
several complaints from British 
holidaymakers that buses 
turned up infrequently and 
erratically - another area in 
which Val d’Isere could teach 
Schladming a useful lesson. 

' ~ Hin>. 

Bargain Tranters in die ' January 
ski holiday sales will find some* 
exceptional bays this year. The 
reason is a happy conjunction of ~ 
weafher and* school holidays. 

With Europe's 1 children back 
at their desks in. early January 
the rest of the month isahrays a 
low season,' and traditiohflllly. 
combines the lowest prices of 
the year with the ■ greatest 
abundance of snow. It can, 'of 
coarse be iitteriy cold, and it is 
often snowing when skiers want 
to be out. 

But this year, prices already 
adjusted to their s easonal 
lowpomt are being dropped still 
farther because the season got 
off to such a slow start Snow 
conditions were very poor 
almost everywhere before 
Christmas - the exception was 
the Arlhergarea on. the Austro- 
Swiss border which is one of the 
few regions with a solid base 
this year. Bat this week's 
widespread heavy. * snowfalls 
ensured that in the immediate 
.ftrtnre conditions should be good 
thoaghontthe Alps. 

Now to those cat-price holi- 
days. Chalet skirng is where the; 
greatest savings are to be - found; 
because the operators are 
comnrittedto the rental of the 

build mgs and to. employing the 
chalet girls. Not dnl; do they 
want to sell thebeds, bat chalets 
are 'invariably in ' the best 

• Thus, -at ' St Anton r in the 
Arlberg area of Austria^, which 
had good early snow, Bhutan 
lines (01-785 2200>has already 
filed, its chajets. "-Bat in 
Courchevel, in fejTrois Valfees 
of France, where the snow is 
good now but .was poor earlier, 
Bladon lines offers a fall-board 
week in its Chalet Asttngale far 
£139 plus. £20 insurance, down 
from £274.-' - 

Snpertrarel (01-584 5060) 
has dropped tie price of a week 
at the Chalet Boren in St Anton 
from £264 to £184:Gptat£30 for 
airport tax and insurance),; and 
offers comparable reductions on 
a week in- Courchevel — a double 
with en . suite bathroom at 

Chalet Maisohte is now £204' 
per person (phis £30; for airport 
tax and insurance), down from 

£284. V.. *•••• 

■■ In-M*ribel, stfii-in the Trots 
Yaflfees, Snowthne -.{01-836 
3237) has drppj^ theprice-of a 
week, in Chalet La Bhhe from 
£235 to £160. phri £17 in- 
snriuce. An prSqm qnoted are dqpartntes. 

If you’re 

an apartment 
or villa 

you should 
see a 

By which we mean OSL. 

Ed^iteen years of experience rays thereb no one to 
touch us. And eo too does oferingthe widest selection of 
apartment and villa hofidgys to mote Mediterranean 
destinations than apy one dse. 

. Then theres our new QSL Pledge, guaranteeing your 
holiday and h^priceWhich^iiicidenuny hasbeendas^ 
by up to 20% firam last yean " . '-_/ J 

Ip arktitvrp , thgre are valuahle bonuses if you book Oft 
or before March 1st ’ - 

Namel y free airport ^car paries^ worth to j£32^a 
deposit of only £25 and the chance for up in six people 
tospeixiaw®dkatButlins£arjust£20... . 

‘ As 3 ^ csm sec, it pays to choose the spedriist For our ■ 
free hc^iday brodbuze- either 'write to OSL FRE£K)SX 
Mjt PO Box 22 ,AbingdoD, OxoaQXI4 4BR, see Sgi 
Wv your local AfflA travel zgent orphone 0235 
A 834S34 ^+his),ou£rtmg btodiurc rodeii - , HoMaya 

ARmI>Hsk%C^,->9 •• •. : ■ - ’ . ;i: ' 

’For information and bookings ring: Fortsmoiitii Tbk (0705) 827701, Plymouth Tel: (0752) 221323, Cork Ifel: (021) 507666. 

Send to: Brittany Brochures, P.0. Bor 197, London SET 9SZ. 


THE TIMES JANUARY 4- 1 0 1 98 6 


A fairy tale win for the women 

J * ft. 

. . . . he if East mistakenly takes the 4 a 

British World Championship The rules ordained that declarer can make twelve tricks 

victories are rare, whatever the semi-final Bntam snouia p y a double squeeze. In the end 

cn thf* m»nnv whictl^ FirWCC. WflllC UbA i y J nn mp TTIllSt DrCSHYP tl ia 

sport, so the penny whistle France, while USA 1 P y 
fan fere that our women's team Taipei. . . 

received from the press when Once again Britain s 
they retained the Venice Cup in disastrously, A 

TMPC flftpr the first 32 boards. 

game East must preserve the 
$Q: West must retain th e 
winning diamond, leaving both 
incapable of guarding hearts. 

Sao Paulo was most disappoint- IMPS after the first 3- boar Mavhem broke out in the 

infU . Certainly jftjSH® the riSk ' doled room. 

There was a feiry tale quality match, and possibly me w N E s 

about this success, which began was decided in the nextscss r^ p DaviB3 n Smith 

atthe European Championship when a highly considcrwl young iv JJ ftgm 

in Saisomaggiore. To qualify for French pair had a , jjsj No 

the World Championship the expensive and ronfidence Jj- £ e*f6) No SVm 

team had to finish first or ping accidents. This was one No Dble (8) No 

second. A poor start appeared them. _ No No 

to leave them with too much Great Britain v France. (t) A negative doubte, promising 

support for hearts. 

(2) According to the system, a 

Chawton is one of those rare 
Places that have less traffic now 
rean -00 years ago. Then it was 
ngm on the main road to 
Portsmouth; now the A3 1 and 
A32 tactfully avoid the village. 
In the early years of the I9ih 
century, a gentleman passing by 
on the high road glanced in at 
“JP window of a house in 
Lhawton and reported seeing a 
family “looking very comfort- 
able at breakfast". They were 
ihc widowed Mrs Austen and 
her daughters. Cassandra and 

Jane, no doubt, would have 
made the breakfast - that was 
her major domestic duty - and 
no doubt later in the day she 

would have sat at her little table occupied much of Mrs Austen’s 
in me same room and done time. 

some writing. In her eight years She would potter about in a 
at Chawton. working in time green smock-frock, like a 
snatched from domestic rou- labourer’s. Jane’s interest in 
tine, outings and social duties, gardening was more theoretical 
sne wrote or revised all her six but she is said to have planted 
great novels. This achievement the oak tree by the road - now 
only seems the more extraordi- sadly, suffering fungal infection 
nary after a visa 10 the house at and oerhaos destined for 

Austen atmosphere: Jane (above right) is said to have planted the oak tree by the road 

ipied much of Mrs Austen’s have survived arc unhelpful writing made her linle enough 
, . . now. There are wonderful floors money: after a financially 

Then there is the very pretty 
patchwork quilt to which 
mother and daughters all 
contributed. Many of the letters 
displayed are well worth poring 
over, particularly for Jane's 
more vitriolic asides. In feet the 
house has so much on show - 
commemorating not only Jane 
but others of her family, 
including the two brothers who 
were Admirals - that visitors 
-*« have been known to linger for 
three or four hours. 

In the bedroom Jane shared 
with Cassandra is the original 
fireplace by which she took her 
final leave of her nieces 
he road Caroline and .Anne. As Caroline 
. . afterwards recalled: “Pomting 

de enough , Q „„ which j^d b(Xn 

financially an-anged For us by the fire, she 

to leave them with too much Great Britain v i-rance 
ground to make up, but with a Love alL Dealer North 
final spun worthy of “Pebbles", * £ 7 

they snatched second place on 0 ak9*2 

the posL * AKQJ 4 

Under the current rules the * I I ♦ 

E S 

N Smith 
14 Otft 


HO K'fe 

NO Kfi 

Dbte (8) No 

UUUCi LUC kUllCUL llUCb me ^ 104 

winners of the North American v J983 

Championship (USA I) and the 
winners of the European Cham- 
pionship (France) were seeded 
into the semi-finals in Sao 

0 J10S7B5 
♦ 3 

* AOS 7 6 
O 04 2 


♦ KJ832 
<7 K106S 
b Q 3 

* 102 

Paulo. The remaining eight ♦ 102 . n - ■ . (7) "Have it your own way.’’ 

teams had to plav a double In the open room the Bniisn (8 j To attract a diamond fead. 
round robin to qualify for the pair judged the borderline slam That little adventure cost 900. 

splinter bid agreeing hearts, 
something which North had 

obviously forgotten. 

(3) A polite no thank you toany 
further enterprise. 

(4) "I am very good, you know, ary 
you sure you won't? 

(5) "No thank you.” 

(Sj "You really must" 

(7) "Have it your own way." 

(8) To attract a diamond lead. 

other two places. After the first hand well- 
round robin Britain, despite w t 

playing reasonably well, were s 

lying sixth. _ v - 

The British recovered to such no 24 

good effect in the second round No 3l» 
robin that they won the No 
qualifying stage, with Taipei Of cours« 


N E 


SLandy . 

S Horton 

10 IB 



2* NO 



3 NT NO 





Of course three no trumps 


It was Jane's brother Edward. 

and perhaps destined for the 

Inside the house, the first 

informally adopted into the Ihing that strikes you is the 
wealthy Knight family, who atmosphere: the life the Austens 
offered his mother and sisters lived here must, one feels, have 
the Cottage (with six bed- been particularly happy and 
rooms!) near his Chawton seaL comfortable. No doubt the 
It is still easy to see where he cheerful effect is helped by the 
had a large window blocked up, decor, all white paint and Laura 
lo avoid too much scrutiny Ashley wallpapers - quite 
from the road. His replacement, excusable, as many Ashley 
in more fashionable style, faces patterns arc based on Regency 

now. There are wonderful floors money: after a financially 3 _ nffid for ^ ^ ^ fir _ shc 
- great thick, wide boards nailed cautious life, she died worth ^ here’s a chair foT the 
iiown with big brads and —561. /s. married ladv, and a little stool 

creaking sonorously. The Stamp Office certificate for Caroline’ - It is 

. There is the famous “Creak- J? that effect is on a wall at slran ^ c , but those trifling words 
mg Door" too, which Jane Chawton. and so is another are f he last of her ’ s that I 
relied on to warn her “th 2 t more amusing certificate. This remeiB ber. 
anyone was coming", so that ** a marriage registration form 

she could slip her writing under from Steven ton. her father’s Shortly afterwards the ailing 
the blotter. Unfortunatelv this parish, on which the young Jane Jane Austen left for Winchester, 
door has been rc-hung the has playfully filled in her own where she died at the age of 41. 
wrong wav round and is now name and. in a fit of bigamy. As you stand by that fireplace at 

edging out the American no 2 presented no problem, but six 
team for the other qualifying no trumps on a spade lead 
place. would be a good defensive test. 

“Just think how I would have 
felt about ray double if they had 
removed to six no trumps". 
Nicola added when she had' 
finished telling me the story. 

Britain recovered to beat 
France by 35 IMPs and went on 
to defeat their old rivals, the 
USA, by 1 10 IMPs in the finqi 

Jeremy Flint 


Disarming combat of a champion 

wrong way round and is now name and. in a nl ot bigamy, 
one the few things in the house "Henry Frederick Howard Fitz- 
which doesn't creak. But it is a william of London" and “Ed- 

rerainder of the extraordinary w *trd Arthur > 
semi-secret conditions under of Liverpool’’, 
which those novels were com- This kind ol 
posed. naturally to 

Only Jane really knew how popular withe 

name and. in a fit of bigamv. As you stand by that fireplace at 
“Henrv Frederick Howard Fitz- Chawton. those "trifling words’’ 
william of London" and “Ed- ra ake the long-dead author 
ward Arthur W illiam Mortimer suddenly very real. 

This kind of playfulness came ** ane Austen’s house is at 

naturally to Jane, who was 
popular'with children and a dab 

Chawton, Hants (0420 83262}, one 
mile south of Alton. Open 1 1 am- 

U«l» ITTilUV KIICW now ^ . TOnm WoW-Qun /Kl/lw no#- 

much they mattered, and her hand with such eomemporay oShl 5“'. Feb), 

in more fashionable style, faces patterns arc based on Rcgcncv creative and emotional life playthings as spillikins and cup- 
omo the garden, which was then originals, and the few fragments remains essentia Uv hidden from and-ball - both of which are to 
well hedged in and w hich of the Austens’ wallpaper that us. What wc do know is that her be seen at the house. 

Exhibition about life in Britain from 
1945-1951. including photographs 
an-i memorabilia. Films associated 
with the period include Paths 
newsreels ol 1945 (today at 
2.30pm), and the classic feature 

until Jan 12. Tues-Sat 1Qam-6pm, 
Sun 2-6pm. Free. 

WELSH GOLD: Small temporary 
exhibition of Clogau ore in which 
the gold is visible, plus various 
artefacts, and a geological 
explanation of the gold deoosits 
found in North Wales of which the 
Clogau "strike" is the most recent. 
Natural History Museum, Cromwell 

film Pi icronr, tn D.Vr.1^, "aiuiai niaiuiy iviuseum, unmwe 

n«£? Road - London SW7 (01 589 6323). 
showi^ntSrt T °day until end of March (except 

3pm. Tomorrow afternoon ycu can ^Venn^Fre^ 1 Dam ‘ 6pm ' Sun 
record ycur memories of the war h ree ' 

for the museum archives. ANTIQUE & COLLECTORS' FAIR: 

I/useum ol London. London Wall. Biggest of its kind in London with 

London EC2 (01-600 3653). Today every conceivable antique and 

collectable item for sale, including 
chins, glass, toys, clocks, 
paintings, vintage photographic 
equipment, wirelesses, magazines, 
postcards and period clothes. 
Alexandra Pavilion. Wood Green. 
London N22. Further information 
(01-833 7061). Tomorrow, ncon- 
6pm. Adult £1 . accompanied child 

EXHIBITION: All aspects of 
engineering in the model field from 
steam and traction engines to 
model cars, vintzge and modem. 
Wembley Conference Centre. 
Wembley, Middlesex (01-902 
1234). Today until Jan 11, daily 

10am-7pm, except Jan 9 10am- 
9pm. Adult £3.25, child £2. 

Rcoin Baiisv assumes the 
character of "the Brigadier" 
created by Peter Tmniswood, and 
tells tales of great cricketers. 

Marcn). weekends only (Jan. FeD), 
daily April 1 -Oct 31 . Admission: 
adults 75p, children 25p. group rate 
60p (from Jan 1986, 85p, 35p, 70p). 

CHURCHILUANA: Two hundred 
items from the private collection of 
Ronald Smith, Including toby |ugs, 
postcards, cigarette cards and 
ether small items. The Cabinet War 
Rooms alone are well worth a visit 
-19 rooms exactly as they were 
when Churchill and his chiefs of 

hundreds of delighted fens 
stormed the stage to catch a 
glimpse of their heroes analys- 
ing what might have been. 

White: Kasparov, Black: Tim- t is bad 

man Hiivm.fn Tw«>mhpr 71 defending the Knight, js tad 

when Churchill and his chiefs of 
i ' s,aff ^habited them. The map room 

fg*-l2?2g SE1 (01 ' 923 and transatlantic telephone rbom 
22a2). Mon. 6pm, £2. arB p artjcu | ar1 y inter^ting. 

THEATRE QUIZ: Competition Cabinet War Rooms, Clive Steps, 

between teams from fee National Kina Charles Street London SW1 
Theatre and fea Royal (01 -930 6961 ). Until March 23. 

Shakespeare Company to win Sir T ues-Sun IOam-5.1 5pm. Adult £2. 

Ralph Richardson's walkina stick. child £1 . 

National Theatre, London SE1 (01- T , r , 

928 2252). Fri. 6pm. £2. J UtiV T TOSnaCg 

man. Hilversum. December 22, 
1985. Queen’s Indian Defence. 

1 P-04 N-KB3 2 P-QB4 P-K3 
3 N-KB3 P-QN1 4 N-B3 B-N5 
S B-N5 8-N2 6 P-K3 P4(R3 

7 S-R4 WCM I B-N3 N-K5 
S 0-32 

In game two Kasparov tried 
the gambit 9 N-Q2. 

9... BzNcti ID PiB P-G3 
11 B-03 P-KB4 12 P-Q5 N-B4 
13 P-KR4 MIS 14 N-04 Q-B3 
15 (Ml NxB 

Hoping to improve on his play 
from game 4 where 1 5 . . . N( 1 V- 
R3 16 NxKP NxN 17 BxBP 
granted White a vehement 
attack for the sacrificed piece. 

is qsn p-m to undermine White's Queen’s 

White's pressure against the ^-Correct would have been 
Black pawns on K3 and KB4 ^QIl-kL ruling his re- 
forces Black to relinquish tbeir serves to the Lentre. 
cohesion. But Tim man has a f 

neat tactical point in mind. Inaugurating a forced sequence 

17 n*p mi is n- 04 ( of moves whereby White either 

. , ... -t- c ■ „ wins a large number of pawns. 

A splendid amfice of a p.«e. or Queen jn ^ , h ^ 

for which White gams a mobile hcarl of BIack . s King's defend 
mass of central pawns, kaspa- ^3 aw Mr 

rov told me that this idea 2 7 w m> 2 a h-kt h-bz 

actually came to him five |9 n*ji^ kxr ms nos 

SSSf in FkZ A. ongina. switch bact k 

defending the Knighu is tad stUl has no choice, 

after 18 . . . BxN 19 PxB N-Q2. M 34 mm K-m 

18 PxN 19 BPrf* 0 -B 41 

An excellent defensive resource Tte *5^. ^ j 

The recent match between the is qxm mi 
new World Champion, Gary white's pressure against the 
Kasparov and the best of the Black pawns on K3 and KB4 
West, Jan Tim man, was out- forces Black to relinquish their 
standing. Tbeir six games were cohesion. But Timman has a 
some of the most combinative neal ^tical point in mind, 
and exciting ever played at this 17 ^ M1 1S n^mh 

!r ft V c^h?fiL T ^c“coSS A S p.cndid mcrifice of a piece, 
die match “iTmore of <-t R*? 

after 18 . . . BxN 19 PxBN-Q2. 

wrULTI Kasparov uau uuww*- • . i “ 

estimated. The World Cham- y- Jf W « to 

pion had only 'anticipated . -.19 k 

under- Apart from defending the KN2 

N-Q2 when 20 P-B4! followed 

by P-K4 gives an overwhelming 

attack. Tim man 's method slows 85 _ 

followed by Q-R5ch. Kasparov 
had to see this move as &r back 

White down. 

2D P-K4 Q-N3 21 Q-OB3 0-0 

22 KH-K1 N-Q2 23 P-K6 B-K2 

24 R-K3 P-N4? 

Having conducted an excellent 
defence, Timman goes astray 
with an apparently logical move 

To Miam! v.lwn you enjoy ,1 fabulous 12 or Ip 
iu; Royal Caribbean lly/ciXiise holiday in 
Yes Royal Caribbean fly you absolutely Free, 
lrr-i from your local airport 10 Heathrow, il . 
necessary, and ilien on a bniish Airways flight 
iw Miami 10 board ship We cruise regularly all 
<!:n.' ihe year to the mosi delicious islands 
under ihe sun. 

If you go on a shinier 9 or 10 day fly/crmse liie 
« hjr;;e is only £59 for your return flight 
Cnciuded ::i she brochure price). 

Prices sun from only £S-!0. fully inclusive, for 
a 9 day flv/cruise. 

In the tvarni waters of the Caribbean we are 
number one. For service. Kt intin wanes For 
ships. Recently our M.'s 5ong of .-Vmcnca 
TOted'ship of die year* by members of the 
World Ocean and Cruise Liner Society. 

See your local travel agent lor details or 
telephone (01) 200 0200 now for our stew 


bishops Palace I louse. 2a Riverside \Valk.Kingsion-Upon-TI tunes. KTl id'* 



ilnql« I'lum 

JO' BO RO - KAR £Ji>3 





OEXHJ-BOM £225 C530 


OCH.LA £- £420 

and manv more 

162/165 ReRenl Si. London w I . 

01-437 S255/6/7/8 

Lai# + group PookiniD welcome 
Am ex. visa, diner* 











2 Denman Street. London. Wl 

TEL- 01-439 3521/8007 


MORE ICELAND, lor i*a 
■et Programme. Hotel. 
r^rnplnn. irrklno & parse, »afaria. 

8 JAN 

Hostel £189 

2 star hotel £1 99 

3 star hotel £219 

4 star hotel £239 




01-486 6371 or 01-892 7606 




1 6S.OOO client* *tnc* i 970 
o'w rtn 

SYDNEY £392 £641 

PERTH £379 £602 

AUCKLAND £409 £770 

ny«KOK El 98 £363 

SINGAPORE £231 £462 

BAU E314 £601 

HONCTONC £237 £498 

OELHI BOMBAY £260 £396 
COLOMBO £231 £420 

Cairo £160£2&S 

^AIROBI £231 £306 

JO BLRG £308 £479 

LIMA wa £606 

LOS .SNOEIXS £192 £362 

NEW YORK £139 £259 

GEfcEV A £75 £89 

01-937 5*00 
, , 01-605 1613 
lit. CLpSINESiS class 
oi 970 3444 




Gastello di Gargonza 

Sshveen Sana and Anzxi PntKVy 
restored 13th canary lon-fieG rill top 
village m tranquil. beauMuJ cauPTy- 
side. Self catering heuvs. 'apartments 
for 2-8 persons. fuHy equppeC from 
£176 per house per wet 
For prochure and book>ng contact 
Mrs M. J. B. HMPJOTH. 

11 Elmwood Roa4, 

Locdon W4 30Y 

(01-994 5902 to otto twins pteasa) 
or Coon! Roberta. Sotactardinl. 
010-39-575 847021 

LfP. Lr? & AWAY 

Nairou. JoTiurfl. Cairo. DulM-to- 
tanbul. Slnwaonp. h L. D«ini. 

BamkolL Honfl Ko"9. 

Europe 6 lh« AnKrtcaa. Fh amlpo 
Travot. 3 New QueOec SL MartW 
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01-402 9217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10.00-13 OO 

Traditional larmnouwa. OHM. *11- 
i-n many wiui pools. All trie beH 
rural 6 ctviaul areas. Family run 
company wiui 1 3 years experience. 

Bowhill Cotuges 

Swanmore Souttiamplon 


Non-Slop 3 Weekly 


AFRICA ■ F art. W es:. Sovjn 


LommUliL'ahed e%pyrw in 
dUcouni tr avel. For jgsisqvwc: 
Trt 01-930 1992.-39S5 

DJERBAJan 6i 13 

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nanrinq BBQ3. FREE IC JU U*. 


01-4410122 ATOL 1 933 



No Surcharge Guarantee. All prices 'from' + airport lac 


DMA 278 1 MALAGA £79 1 TENERIFE £129 
Flights v Gitw'cJL Limn, Mane he: ttf. Birmingham and Gla:gcm. 

, rise today 01-493 4312/0641 

MANCHESTER 081-832 7000 
BIRMINGHAM 021-643 2242 
GLASGOW 041-852 4811 


ATOL 700 



Agents for historic houses association offer a further 
opportunity to visit this "once in a lifetime" exhibition. 
Tour departs 27 February 1986 4 nights in Washington 
from £505. 

For information contact- 

15 Colston Street Bristol BS1 5AP 

Tel (0272) 277492 

A3TA 17139 

A to! 1080 


CV sc'«* :"-CC9 ? "3-maifc« 
“4 rays az'Zi’C ana^ens 
C'63»s :-rrer.:.v arract mirp 
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* DaptSN 

i m V.Vid’-j Wif 
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July • August pr»cn« C22 7T7 4050 

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or call a 

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(24 Hours) 



First Choice for 
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1 Gino presides over a snail i 
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I paiazzo in RaveUo. famous . 

for its good food. Bena ■ 
| owns a vBa in Sartfiraa. | 

overlooking some of ihe 
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a Mediterranean. She rents it ■ 
toMagkof haly— for Ted 1 
I and ABce, who love Italian I 
■ food and wine; prefer hotels . 
1 where the manager knows * 
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| die magic drde this year. i 

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Winner BBC Radio 4. 
1985 Enterprise Award 
Delightful ouberges and superb 
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or write to: Sitti Madron. 
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also on page 22 



Staffed chalets 1 1 & 18 Jan. 
Seif drive, l wkciosp.p. 

2 whs £195 p.P. 
h»C. ntflhtK 1 wk £169 p.D. 

2 Wla £269 PD- 

Oordim Bleu food 6 free wine 

0223-3 1 1 7 1 3 (24 hra) 

SKI SKI with John 

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equipped toe. Rental (ran no p W 
for 2 people. Tel 0483 660 339. 
TUtCASr. Three 2-tod Rub In Ml 
formlwuse nr Stonna. £200dw 

01049 4381 5166 

sm AVpfOAZ 1 Wk Avan 
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o Ampezm, suarrior a 

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Chxw ParUae; £139 

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439 rtnToi-ioa 482*- 
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■ -•••> *5 

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S-S 50 SO* 

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if W?<- 

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era still seem to be Per TiostaEpa 

[fit is because that is how the 
rest of the woxM sees Britain 
and British goods, then perhaps 
it is time we disabused them. At 
the turn of the century, as now, 
we had to do a good deal of Sag 
waving to combat imports and 
every product had a picture of 
John Bull or Britannia rubbing 
Union Jacks with an occasional 
lion. Even in those days they 
were not modem images, but 
using them in advertisements 
and wrappers was a hew idea. 
Even Royalty was not immune. 

It would be unthinkable 
today for the Queen to allow her 
photograph to. appear on a 
packet of porridge oats. Bat in 
1897 the buyers erf Golfer Oats 

i'i'&ipt A 
• : 

ih \ 

$&!?■■■ • 

.... . ■ 

/* V/Jv. H. * 

' " * - ; • 

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— 1,1 •!- ‘ 

i-JV \ ■ -- '•■'X • 

Q Colour conscious: modern 
technology demands modem 
packaging, so when Winsor & 
Newton produced Alfcyds, a new 
type of artists' colour, Michael 
Peters & Partners created 25 
pastiche pictures, each recalling 
the style of a famous painter to 
cover the whole range. These 
include Van ' Gogh, David 
Hockney, Dali and .Andy War- 
hoL The packaging won a 
Design and Art Directors' Silver 


Able WOVE V 

V.VAi ' ltM*. I'j i j 

- enjoyed Hormman’s Pune Tea 
x and Spratts Patent Dog Paired 
AH. these examples are from 
s Robert ' Opie’s collection of 
i packaging, in his book Ride 
s . Britannia (Viking, £1255). 
t * Commercial endorsement by 
■ the Royal Family stopped in the 
? early . 1920%. although it is .still 
i allowed for jubilees, weddings 
‘ and other special occasions. But 
| th e feel ing for tradition and the 
1 security it implies continues in 
f other forms. ■ • 
t . Packaging designers strongly 
5 defend the' validity of nostalgic 
: packaging. JTrictott & Webb is a 
consultancy which has become 
• known for retrospective designs 
commissioned for centenaries 
1 and celebrations, including a 
1 book for- Unilever's Sunlight 
1 soap centenary, a Column's 
mustard tin for the Queen's 
jubilee and several products for 
Marks & Spencer. ; 

“Some - people think of us 
' whenever they want something 
that looks old and comes in a 
tin, hut we don’t do nostalgia 
purely for the sake of it”, says 
Brian Webb. * 

“Modem high-tech design is 
. gbod for certain, efficient, 
streamlined thing s, hut you 
can't put delicate items into that 
sent of packaging. Even the 
most sophisticated people hove 
a fear of the unknown. If you 
can aproach them with some- 
thing famili ar you are half way 
there, as long as it is ac- 
companied by a good idea.” 

' One of his recent successful 
ideas was to pwefeag* a range of 
men's gifts like .a series of 

tThe problem, was to find 
something that would apply to a 
whole-. range of unrelated prod- ; 
-nets. Until series the 
basic idea seemed to have been 
Opiit anything in a pack as long 
as it has a handkerchief with if. 
It was nice to be able to add a. 
bitoffuh. . .1 

- “When I was at college in the 
1960s there was only one way of 
looking at design - dean, hard- 
edged, hygienlfc. •’ Today we 
assess products' . in their own 
right and package for the people ' 
and the market they are aimed’ 
at” . 

Whether we, - the public, 
appreciate the .efforts made on 
our behalf is another matter. 
We spend nearly £3,000 million 
a year wrapping things up in 
decorative boxes that are ‘ 
’ thrown-away. Yet packaging is 
there not only to say: “Pick me 
up - I’m the best”, but also to 
give protection to the qputents 


■ Ancient and modern: a soap packet (c.1900) from Robert Opie's collection and the 1985 image for scent - no longer 
pretty and delicate but strong mid chic in a black and stainless steel flask with matching black and silver packaging to echo 
Joseph's fashion image. It exemplifies Michael Peter's belief that the product’s styling will influence the packet's design. 

will £ 1B j.i I| | ii L.. l.,fr 

■ . ,>, 
■■ i 

v-M ill 


H Novel nostalgia: creating a series of mock books with 
witty titles was Trickett & Webb's way of finding a common 
denominator for a group of otherwise unrelated men's gifts 
by Boots. They chose the 1930s as a suitable style for the 
1985 Christinas market as this is tine of the currently 
fashionable retrospective periods. The “dust cover” is not 
only a practical and original fid but also carries the essential 
information about the product on the “fly leaf”. 

■ Two for tea: the Twinings tin (right), designed in 1935, Is 
still used for specialist food balls and exports. The black 
pack with a different cameo design for each blend was 
introduced in 1982. Sales have trebled. 

and information about the 

It should also be safe to 
handle and easy even for 
disabled fingers to open. A 
Design Council exhibition on 
packaging last year showed that 
although 50 children suffocate 
each year by putting plastic bags 

over their heads, some manu- 
facturers still fail to put 
ventilation holes in their bags. 

Many reusable food con- 
tainers have become as impor- 
tant as their contents. The 
concept of the object itself being 
the package is subscribed to by 
Michael Peters, whose design 

f > _ • uAJi-uruuu. • >. • 

'' '.X ' V SWISS-' • f 
. t. ' ; &.ACK CHUCRX 
> c V ; .'..-.PRESERVE.'. 

- .-.jP 

consultancy is an international 
leader in packaging. 

“Traditional packaging is the 
cardboard box you put round 
the object but the future of 
packaging is in the styling of the 
object itself, he says. 

“The public doesn't yet 
understand about graphics - 
people haven't learned the 
language as they have in the 
style of their clothes. But the 
new generation of youngsters is 
the first that readily under- 
stands design and they are 
demanding good looking prod- 

“1 have to try to be a visual 
clairvoyant and I can see 
tremendous changes coming.” 

The effect of wider markets 
and international trade has 
meant that there is less national 
identity about packaging from 
other countries. 

“The British were leaders in 
packaging until about 1920 and 
the Americans took over in the 
1950s. but now they are losing 
their way”, says Peters. “Even 
the Japanese, who traditionally 
have had caring as part of their 
culture and show it in the way 
they present things, are now 
adopting the worst of the West’s 
vulgar packaging.” 

John Blackburn, whose de- 
sign partnership won the 1985 
Design & Art Directors’ packag- 
ing award for its presentation of 

Bl Past mastery: in 1976 
Elsenham altered their packag- 
ing to a new no- frills style (top 
left) in order to create a valne- 
for-money image in supermar- 
kets. For years they had 
dominated the specialist gift and 
food market with the quality of 
their products and the matching 
quality of the packaging. The 
change was disastrous and 
alienated customers even though 
the contents remained the same. 
When competitors began to 
make headway at their expense, 
they decided to redesign the 
packs once again. The uew/old 
design (left) by Michael Peters 
& Partners has a Victorian-style 
motif and pictures of fruit, 
implying traditional quality and 
freshness in order to reinforce 
the quality image and to 
emphasize the loving care which 
goes Into the gourmet foods 
made in an English kitchen. 
The appeal had instant results 
and Elsenham is now selling 
worldwide on the strength of it. 

Cockbum’s Tawny Port, points 
out that even the Italians, 
admired so much for their sense 
of style, are not particularly 
inspirational about packaging. 
“If you over-package something 
it will make people suspicious. 
You have to inspire confi- 

Sales graphs show how the 
right packaging sells the prod- 
uct. whether we like to believe it 
or not. Some of us resent paying 
extra for presentation and go to 
the nearest bulk-buy shop for 
goods in plain sacks and paper 
bags, but we are a minority. 
Certainly there are good cos- 
metics in plain jars and others 
in fancy packs that are no better 
and sometimes worse but if the 
fancy one makes us feel more 
glamorous, who can argue that 
it is not worth the price? 

Perhaps designers’ names 
should appear on packaging as 
they used to be on ceramics. 
That may encourage 'more 
innovation and higher stan- 
dards, for designing the bits that 
are thrown away must be a 
frustrating business. Who at 
cocktail hour raises a glass to 
John Blackburn for updating 
the Harvey’s Bristol Cream 
label? Who asks if there is 
Peters still for tea as the 
Elsenham is spread on the 
crumpets? Only another design- 


Branch out into transplant operations 

i' w y,‘n ii 


o < ;r- uu e mmxTT he- 

The best - time to plant or 
transplant trees or shrubs is 
during their dormant period - 
the Ume between November 
and March when growth in 
deciduous plants stops so that 
damage from our cold winters is 
kept to a minimum. Evergreens 
go into a semi-dormant state 
but never stop showing signs of 
growth completely. 

' The ground and the weather 
conditions, must be righL Do 
not try to plant into ground 
which is frozen, has more than a 
ihin. layer of frost, or is snow 
covered. Do not plant when the 
soil is so wet that it lifts in great 
lumps on the boots. It destroys 
the texture and it may take 
years to get it hack into 
reasonable condition. 

- . There are a number of other 
principles to bear in mind. Lift 
frees or- shrubs carefully and 
mak e sure , the roots are not 
broken any more than is 
necessary. Nurseries are usually 
- very careful when lifting trees 
and shrubs, and only do so 
when they are in the right 

Sporting figures 

The world rackets champion is 
William Boone, not James 
Male as stated in last week’s 
Calendar -of World Sport, 
although Male beat Boone in 
the Celestion Amateur Cham- 
pionship last month. The 
Scullers Head of the River 
race is on April 5, not April 

Digging in: a scene from William Lawson's A New Orchard 
and Garden, published in 1676 

condition for planting. It is exposed to the air. If you are not 
easier to see how well a plant able to plant immediately the 
has been lifted if you are buying plants should be heeled in or 
bare-rooted plants rather than they should be stored under 
container grown plants. shelter and covered with a wet 

The time between lifting and sack. Plants delivered from a' 
replanting should be as short as nursery should be opened up as 
possible. Never leave roots soon as they have been received 


.... TO 


j-; ' R'O TV:'. 


There is Honey Fungus in a 
bank I am demoping, which 
has infected a privet hedge and 
an old beech. Can I treat the 
land and what plants can resist 
the disease? 

You most ensure that all the 
root is dug from the soil and 
remove the two good plants . at 
either end of die diseased area. 
Avoid replanting with woody 
plants for one year, longer if 
possible, and put- in herbaceous 
plants instead. 

I know of no effective 
chemical to control the disease, 
but Bray’s Emulsion may help. 
Trees and shrubs which can 
survive the disease include: Acer 
Begaddo, XJeuidanibar styracif- 

laa. Promts spinosa, Auanthus 
affissima, species of Crataegus 
and many of the Tilias. Shrubs 
to consider include Cistus 
species, Cotuuts eoggygna, 
Rhus typhina, Lonicera nitida, 
forms of the common ivy, 
Hedera helix, Taxus baccate the 
yew tree, Tamarix In its forms, 
clematis and elaeagncs. 

I have a number of gravelled . 
paths and a large courtyard 
which needs regular attention to 
kill weeds and moss. What can I 
do to keep them clean? 

Residual weedkillers are ideal 
on areas where yon do not wish 
to grow other plants and as a 
rule a single application is 
enough to keep weeds away for 
at least a year. Use one of the 
non-creeping weedkillers like 
Simazme or Casaron G. Moss 

and checked to see how well 
they have travelled. If they are 
dehydrated in any way they 
should be soaked in a bucket of 
water to restore plumpness. , 

Prepare the planting site well. 
The ideal for a normal nursery 
shrub is to dig a hole 2 x2ft and 
to 2ft deep. The bottom spit 
should have well-rotted farm 
yard manure or well-rotted 
compost mixed with the soil. 
This is best don» well in 
advance of the planting and if 
necessary the hole can be filled 
in to be dug out again later. 
Bonemeal can be added to the 
top spit and mixed into the area 
into which the roots will go 
when planted. - Never handle 
bonemeal with your bare hands 
unless you are sure it has been 

Plants can be a little deeper 
than they’ were in the nursery 
but it is unwise to plant them 
above the nursery mark. Should 
a plant require staking always 
put the stake in the hole firsL 

Ashley Stephenson 

requires different treatment but 
a good moss luller will dean 
up the area with regular 

I have a tiny garden, no 
greenhouse or shed and want to 
store my dahlia and begonia 
tubers. What is the best place? 

Neither plant likes to be stored 
in the warm when dormant. 
They do not need light but must 
have air movement, so the 
storage site cannot be too 
enclosed. As you do not have 
ideal conditions the tabers 
should be placed in the dark in 
the coldest room in your house 
and wrapped In newspaper. 

Readers with queries about 

Itephenson, The Times. 200**^ 
Grays Inn Rbed. London WC1. 

- “ ^ -S'*. 


Buy now and beat 
the Bordelais 


January is usually the quietest 
month in the wine calendar. 
The vines are dormant, very 
little work is done in the cellar 
and most wine merchants, after 
the festive rush, have nothing 
more pressing to do than sort 
out a few bin-end bottles for 
their new year sales. But this 
year, for UK wine merchants in 
the claret trade, January could 
turn out to be a very busy 
month indeed. 

As early as last August and 
September, several wine mer- 
chants were already expressing 
concern over what they thought 
was a “conspiracy of silence” 
from Bordeaux. For instead of 
the usual long, detailed letters 
and telexes from Bordeaux 
negotiants and proprietors de- 
scribing the likely quality and 
quantity of the 1985 claret 
harvest, very little information 
was received. 

Although it was clear then 
that the Bordeaux 1985 harvest 
was likely to be excellent due to 
the extraordinarily hoi Indian 
summer, most British mer- 
chants had to unearth this 
important information for 
themselves. Many believed that 
this curious lack of first-hand 
news was due entirely to the 
Bordeaux wine trade trying to 
get rid of its mostly indifferent 
1984 vintage before the word 
got out about the '85. 

Three months later the 
English wine trade is worried 
about the opening prices that 
the Bordelais are likely to 
demand for their 1985 wine. 
Several Bordeaux proprietors, 
most notably Madame de 
Lencquesaing from Chateau 
Pichon -Longue ville, and Com- 
tes se de Lalande, have already 
stated that their *85 will be 
considerably more expensive 
than last year’s vintage. 

The French risk 
losing the 
British market 

This may sound fair because 
the ’85 will certainly be better 
than the '84. Bui the opening 
prices charged for the disap- 
pointing '84 were, somewhat 
surprisingly, around 20 per cent 
higher than those of the 
splendid ’83 vintage. If the ’85 
vintage is priced at a similar 
increase above the '84, the 
eventual price to claret drinkers 
in the UK of the prestigious 
second growth is likely to be 
more than £25 per bottle. 

In an attempt to avoid such 
stratospheric prices. UK wine 
merchants, led by Robin Ker- 
nick. Clerk of-lhe Royal Cellars 
and chairman of Corney and 
Barrow, have written stiff letters 
to the Bordeaux authorities and 

Simon Loftus from Adnams 
thinks the situation is “absol- 
utely crazy" and urges UK wine 
merchants not to buy any wine 
at all if prices are so steep. 
Graham Chidgey from Laytons, 
another important Bordeaux 
buyer, takes an equally grim 
view: “The French believe they 
can ignore the poorer nations of 
Europe but they could risk 
losing the stable traditional 
British market." 

Garct lovers on this side of 
the Channel should buy stocks 
of good yet still inexpensive 
claret now, if possible from the 
splendid '82 and '83 vintages 
before they leap up in price. 

The magnificent 1982 vintage 
is the year to go for and 
although most of the finest cm 
classe wines are now priced on 
most merchants' lists for 
around £20, their second wines 
are still available for under half 
that price and, given tbe 
uncertainty over the '85 prices, 
they now look remarkably good 
value for money. Lay and 
Wheeler (6 Culver Street West. 
Colchester, Essex) still list three 
fine examples. 

MA J?c . \ 

^ 1.- cuavw T 

My favourite is tbe second 
wine of Leovillc-Las Cases - the 
CIos du Marquis with iis deep 
purple colour and intensely rich 
cassis taste and cedary finish; 
definitely a January bargain at 

Pichon Lalande fans will be 
glad to know that they can still 
buy a reasonably priced wine 
from this property - none other 
than their '82 second wine. 
Reserve de la Comtesse. With 
its dark colour turning garnet at 
the edges and rich, beefy taste, it 
is not as good as the Cos du 
Marquis but will mature earlier, 
and is again good value at 

A shade cheaper at £7.99 and 
worth every penny is the second 
wine of Gruaud Larose-Sarget 
de Gruaud Larose from the St 
Julienne Commune, like Gos 
du Marquis and blessed with a 
similar cedary richness. 

Apart from buying second 
wine from a great year such as 
1982, try the second wines from 
unfashionable, quick-maturing 
vintages such as 1980. Pavilion 
Rouge 1980, the second wine 
from the back-on-top-fbrm 
premier grand cru classe 
Chateau Margaux is superb 
with its wonderful full flowery 
bouquet and rich, soft, fruity 
taste (Lay and Wheeler, £7.99). 

Jane MacQnitty 


Provide for vour future consumption 


FINE VINTAGE WINES PLC have an Micuhrc «ock of Clam of (be 1978, 1979, 1981. 
1951 and 1983 vintages, vintage Pons or (be leading shipper* of I9M^ 1970, 197S, 1977, 
1980 end 1983 and [be great 1 983 Red Bwgnodiev Please scad for our lets.' 

Telephone: 01-730 6588 

Telex: Stegar 888835 G 

Please send (Tick the appraprit 

140 Sloane Street 

ir 888835 G London SW1X 9AY 

A (he appropriate box) 

Your comprehensive uine list 

1983 Vintage Pon oiler 

1984 Claret offer 

1 9S2 Clam offer \ 

1983 Red Buifundia offer 

Victoria Wine of 
The Month 

f- V 1 .''*** ' ■ 

J iGBfrzaurriiLcni 



QUMJT.VrSVUN * r. Nr. J*.*V.W3 5. 

sreciAUY sFLEcnn *nl> bottlid ic* jf' 


ar ns* us 

'* vqn mecunssfitd 

m £' 



An ideal way to start the new Year. This light, 


TO FISH. OR WHITE £/*&& *_ /8j| 



5% Discount on 12 bottles or more. 


Ly/ 0f law treifen«aiiotwd lows 

afcchot io anyone under :s Offers subfed 10 aveor*)* aieratwrii lo duly « 








Saturday 1 Fttnraiy ai 745pm 
UmOm SwHfluwi Draw 
Wsftanl HJckm conductor 
FWtetty t’Btawr mezzo-soprano 
Arflmr Davies tenor 
Jo&n Sfttttev-fluirk bas-bantone 
Elgar The Dream ol Qerantius 
£150 C4-5D, Eft £75fl Efl.50. n05Q 

"| LQhD QK SVfit HESTR V- 

1»w«a» 4 Mm at 7.45pm 
BriaaWHgm conductor 
Aran Jajepfi rfo9n 
MMerOnrtmE ’Otemn' 
DBtaoy our de luw 
HmWswta Vwfa Concerto 
Boeflumn Ttetwar Symphony 
£5, Cfi. E7SQ; ES5Q. £950 

Mesdetuotin itafian' Symphony 
Maori Oboe Concerto 
• fcl« Htfnm>tf fathiilqae' Symphony 




Z ' 


Saida ji February at 730pm 

:iij i ill *iu'. 

Richard Shun tfreemr/vioiin 
John Wallace irumpet 
Jncfc Brymer dariner 
Bach Brandenburg Concerto No 4 
Mozart Clarmel Ctmceruj in A 
Mozart One hie me Nachtmusflr 
Haydn trumpet Concerto 
Bach Brandenburg Concerto No 5 
C5. rs. £7. ra ra 

Monday 3 Febrsarj 730pm 
London Bach Orcbes 
DDmdd Casimrare cot. xw 
Lesley torn soprano 
CaBrariae Wyn Rogers cantralio 
WHlam Kendall tenor 
Mart Whitman bass 
Hasdai Messiah 
£330. E45a C5ift £650. £150 

, 5-7 Fe "br u Jrj^Yr” 

Utettaasday 5 Mmy at 7.45pm 
Sk John PrtUiail conductor 

Braftm SyttgrimlBS Nos 1 A 2 
£4. £7. £10 

Satt Subscriptions -anal swings it 
you anenrf Mh concerts r5 & 7Feb\ 

£S. nosa £15 

Thursday B February at 7.45om 
Erie Et lcara c onductor 
Peter Hnrttsd organ 
Brahms two Motets. Op 29, Ttra 
Motets. Op 74: Three Motets. Op 110. 
Fes- und Gadenkspruche. Op 109. 
Chorale Preludes. Op 122 
AS seats £150 (unnumbered) bookable 
m advance from the Barbican Bra 
Office or liom 7 15pm wi the nlgril at 
51 Giles' Church 


Satwday 8 Fttniry ai 7 45pm 
flaw Symphony Orchestra 
Graham Nash conductor 
Joanna Granoberg piano 
Russia! Overture The Ttaeving Mtattitf 
tteghan tMIHani -Gmnsieeres' 
GrtcgPtano Concerto 
RintthyHKors*n» Sheheratade 

Sand lay 9 February at 1 00 pm 

Paw Mies Bagsae t»y nprano j 

laaLawader narrator ' 

bid Horaid SJata s The Snowman r.itn j 
the sensaaorai boy soprano Paul Miles 

Nursery Rhymes, and Remarkable 

Adults £650; Children under 16 M5Q 

me Nku-HshMssitsky Series 
Sennatfl nuziHlertWKsky owductur 
Pnftuftes Lieutenant Bje Suite 
Rachmaninov Paw Concerto No 2 
PtoiMflt Romeo end JuSetenrrpts 
Stravinsky Firebird Suite 
QStt £4 50. tt. £730. S5Q. £1050 
Soonsored by Nflajn UK Lid 


Montay 10 Ftlnavzt 745pm 
Stephen Blsbcp-towcevich j 

Moral Masonic Funeral Music 
Baethuven Piano Corona No 2 \ 

Webern Ft* Movements tor Siring Drcti | 
MB3rt Symoncny No JO 

£4 50. EL50. £6 50. £750 ! 


Mfieday 11 FshmaratZiSpni 
Neman Del Mar conductor 
Stephan Hough p»nn 
Mendelssohn Overture The Hebrides' 
Schubert Unfmshetf Symphony No 8 
Both even ’emperor' PtanpCmcno 
(Mart ■j-jpiur’ Symphony 
£5. £6. £750. E85a t95 0 

Tbaatby 13 Febnnry at 7.45pm 
The NBatHteUesbnahy Series 
Benaacfl ftatotatvcmfcy conductor 
Hesryk Szeryog vtain 
SlbaHus Peteas et M&sande - 
botJeraai Music: WOW Concerto; 
Symphony No 5 

£150. E45B, £a S750 £850. £1050 
Sponsored by Nihon UK Ltd 

[ Sunday 18 Unary at 315pm 
j Edward Domes comtedor 
1 Hoatber Harper soprano 

Who Our Hunting Fattier* 
Bgar Symphony 

| Friday 14 Fetewy at 745pm 
1 London Concert Orchestra 
mates Cteotaffyconducar 
Craig ShenanJ pono 
fcludlumky Romeo and Jufiei: WStfa 
| bom The Sleeping Beauty' 
RatemealMT Piano Concerto No 2 
Bind Sorts hum 'Carmen' 

EB. £7 tflSQ £950. DQ50 

. . S i S i Bsy 

BOQKITODAY! 01638889162 

| VHWnssday 12 Febmry a: 7 45pm 
Tbotras MlcbaM ctkiducior 
Eugene Fodor lriotbr 
Dvorak Carnival Overture 
Mozart V«lm Ccncdrto fk 5 
Richard Neons P.-ujcocr tv Win and 

Ortrik Sympr^T/Mi) 7 
llW!5.!t £7. £650 

Sataday 15 Febraa? at 730pm 
BBC ConEurtn Orahestra 
Rudolf Bite conductor 
Ettabelh Hamed soprano 
met j Strauss U Emperor Wa«r 
Farewetl U 5i Petersburg WaE. 
Egyptian March. Aceeterabon ivate 
PtrDBtuum mobile; hitermezn bum 
1001 BbgtiB'; Joseph Strauss Vdlage 
SwaUum Vfiic: Edaard Strauss Mn 
Extra PoaFuUa: J Stnes I Spert 
Salop: Radstzky March ana songs by 
MRibctK Letter ana ZMer 
£5 a. £750. £6 50 £950 

Sunday 1i February at 730pm 
The Wtea- Raz lw la sh ranih y Sarias 
Lsadaa Symphony Owns 
Gnanadt tobdutv e neky cmdumr 
Vfktarfa tatnthora piano 
A Breda Hodgson mezzo-soprano 
RteKky tasakw Russian Easter 
Festival Ovenura 

Trinfandty PMito Cdnurto Ha 1 
l Fndnfte* Cantata Menander HenScy' 

Sponsored by Man Uh'jjd 

Presented by Derek BkKk 
Monday 17 Fetme^ a 10O & 7.4^mt 
Masree; Cnttdren £350, Adults £4 
Evening: £45ft £550050 


diesday IB February al 7.45pm 
Jaeos Rteb directnihnoin 
Bach Brandenburg Concerto No 3 
Meudnlssohn Oaei (Orcfwsrral lersion} 
Vhreldl Tbe Four Seasons 
£5: Mi T7. E& n 

Lisa Hungarian Rhapsodies 
I SchutetBoraUtn8flaLO06O^^ 

WedMadayigWwajy « 7.45pm 
Royal PWmntMole Drebeatrs 
bEcbaol TUsos Tbonucs conductor 
I Dmitri SHkmoukyvIoihi 
Boattasn Owrture ■Egroont': Wolin 
Concerto: Symphony No 7 
Sponsored by DHL brtt. tUKLbfl 

1, iT 


Friday 21 February at 7.45pm 
James Judd conductor 
Jnatma MassraBorpj*™ _ 
ftOSQBl Overture 'Wifltam Te3 
KMdei Musie for the Royal Fireworks 


£6. £7. £8.50. £9 50- no so 

Monday 24 Febrasty at 7-45pm 

Fraasi PchMScM condWoubte wss 

Tharsteyai February 4! 3.00pm 

Umdoa Concert Orchestra 
Fraser BooWI^ conductor 
bitroducad by bo Lavender 
met WMfcun Tett Galop. Ugnt Cavalry 
Qvertwe. Railway Ptfta, the Teddy 

Bears' Picnic. Ami Potka. The 
Laughing Pofcenrai and 
Peter and die Wolf 
5pocui appearance by the Dewey 
Bears. Rupert and other favourites. 
All seats E5 50. but only £4 .50 if 
accompanied by a Teddy Bear 

Material n Febreary a 7.45pm 
A complete and costumed 

performance ol Tlw Pirate®* « 
Peuzatce given by 

TTitLoodM Savoyards 
watt John tod as Mnw General 
Sanley and Sandra pngtoiMabd: 
Tornr Jaufans Frederic; Miebaal Bawar 
The Pirate King; Deans WfclB 
Sergeant of Mice: MWnel Wakaham 
Samuel: EnW Hartle Ruth; Jowne 
Moore Edflh; AlezandraHaira Kara 
New Concert Drifttstra 
Lotetea Saenyards Chores 
HUtted Betceiii be conductor 
Adrfaa laareoo dtrentur 
£5 50 £7. E8 50. £9.50. £10-30 

OnoogaM Doubfa Bass Concerto 
Mndetesobi 'Italian Symphony 
Btetestal Grand Duo Con^wrt* 
£4. £5.50. £6.50. £7.50. KiO 
Sponsored by Mab3 Nor^SW ; ^ 

TBsfay 25 February ST 7. A5pm 

JacekKasmok conductor 


Wtefawsday 13 Februtey all 00pm 
Mtsha Dktter piano 

The^mtobdestvaaky Serin 

Dabaray La boite a joiqoux 
Revel Une tunpie sur I'ocdan 
Stravinsky The Rite ol Spring 
£3.50. £4.50. ES. £7.50. Efl.bft £10 50 
Sponsored by Niton UK Lid __ 

Mussorgsky AMght on the Bart 
Mountain Teteftwsky VioHn Concerto 


Sefla GymnopetSes Not t S3 


Spons ored byiCaphal tow Ud 

ttMnwlj, * Febranrai 1 00pm 
Borodin String Quartet 
Borodin Quartet No 2 

AH seatsQ 4 or more Hits - d«owiB 

HUBm Two Pieces bora 'Henry V 
Britton Varan a Thane by Frank BnAw 
£4 50. fS 50. £6.50. £7.50, £8.50 

Sponsored by John Lamg ConsLu 

Friday 28 Febrny at 7 45pm 
Tbornas Mtehatakcondoctpr 
Hontei Overture 'WfiBmTafT 
Berile* Overture 'LflCorsae*' 
Tcbatonky Caoricooiltafen 
£4 £5. £6. £7. £8.50 

i OBwfle ywtnv&rrmwz/m 
1 As Vn Like KVT1/ 12/13121/22 
i Tt» teeny Wives id Windsor 
1 7fflWW2ffl24T25 



Suaday 23 Ftbraayai 750pm ■ 

Hadm8tHHtslBreU conductor ^ 

VBttarlaMellovsvioGfi BtebardHickw conductor 

NtogBar Overture flienzf 'jack Bom wclanro j 

StatoovtebVMn Concerto No 1 vaogltae WBRam Fantasuona 

Hauler Symphony No 1 Theme by Tbonas Talfc 

n go fe sn ni r7.50. £85Q £1050 EigteSereiHdelnEirawr 
Sprats by Peter Stuyvesam Foundation Fhtzf Oaiinei Concerto 




Ddeaca ol Ore Beat™ (PG) Feb t-6 
to «MSb Dagoo (18) feh 7-13 
Ky BeautSnl Imtecte |15| 

MWaraa (15} Feb 21-27 
A Owns Lin (PG) Feb 21 -Mar 14 




U H it A^ lAi44idA^ii 




ALAN BUSH B50I BIRTHDAY CONCERT. London SManletta Chorus. 
Terry Edwards (conoi Medld Siring OuarisL J. Smith. P. Lsngridg*. 
P. SavMge. A. Bush'. J. Blngh e m, L Friend. Aten Burir Daieac. Voices 
ol iho Pioprieis Piano Quintal 1 131 Lcn. pt) *Worta lor sow porio; 
Ctuwimas Can tala. Tne Winter Jcuney. 

£1. E3JO. £550. EE 50 Sndoncea PnviuctKriS Ltd 





Sf Ravel BOLERO 


L l W. tT, te 50. £7.10. £i«.£0.« 1UI QI-'US 3191 CC 0I-O2B 8SW 



POPULAR CLASSICS London Concert Orchestra Bramwefl Tovey 
(corrliKtorl Howard Stietey (piano 1 Tchaikovsky The Sleeping Beauty 
V/aic Bizet Carmen Stale. Grieg Piano Concerto. Tchaftowky Fantasy 
Overture. Ftomeo A JiUieL Ravel Bolero 
£350. £5. £653. £750. ES 50. E9 50 Raymond Gub 

PsAlan (vir) HendeteMihn Ovl The Hebnaes: Handel Mumc lor the 
Royal Fireworks. BnJCh Violin Concerto Ho 1. Beethoven Symphony 
No 6 (Pasioral) £3. £4. Q. E850. U 5ft £850 Vidor Hochhausw 1 

An evening oT ruts - House ol The Rising Sun'. TJonl Slop the Carnival', 
Smrxi Srrmti A Hu Amazing Dancmg Bear 1 . 01c . . 


BAUM (ceiloi Beethoven Cycle: CeUo Sonata in F. Op 5 No 1: Vioim 
Sonata in E »aL Op 12 No 2. Tno m G C? 121a rvan or lcn Din cer 
Schnader hahadui. ViaNn SOnaU m C mmr. Oa 30 Nci 
Cther dales Jan 16. 19 

EL £a E4 fi £E InceMn & William LU A Hamson Panod Lid. 

In the presence ol HRH Princess Aleiandra. BEETHOVEN: KISSA 
SOLEMNJS Monteverdi Choir A Orchestra. John Eliol GardtMr icondi 
Barbara Bormey (sop) Diana Monbgw Patrick Power non) 
WDlard White ibassi E* £550 EAMomwe/Ci Ctiom & Orchestra Ltd. 


Shafler's play, with F. Murray Abraham as SaHari. Tom Hides as Mozart 
and EUaabelh Berndge as Co ns t nme . 8 Oscars tor Be? Picture. Direc- 
l-jr. Actor. Screenplay. Art Direction. Costumes. Make-sip. Sound. 

AH seats. Q Studenti'OAPsrtJB40s £1 SO GLC 

JOSE FEGHAU iDianol Winner or me 1805 van Ciibum Piano 
Compenuon/YCAT Artuu 1904. Haydn ’Sonata In E Bat. Hob XVI 52: 
VHa-Lohos Bachiana Brasiieira No 4 Chepm Fjntasie m F minor. 
Op.aR Schumann Ca/naval Op .9 

£2. £3. £4. E5. £S Young Concnri Arbsa Trust 




TOMORROW at 7.30 


IcrodwrJ A ■ i'.i: J arred t-r ANTONY HOPKINS 

MOZART O*. MarriiRt ofFlpra. HANDEL Water .Muiic Suilr 
RODRIGO Concimo d'Arenjuu- DVORAK Symydany No ! |Ne* Worldl 

C « • * i T - £« so i~ r 0 IS 50 !:«= H»U «:S H -1 ! CC 4-am 

S in utoc- ehb the LSO 

FRIDAY 17th JANUARY at 7.30 



.MENDELSSOHN On FimcaJ't Carr HANDEL Mink Ter the Ihnl Flnwrii 
BELCH Viol In Comma BEETHOVEN Sjuiyhony No. t IPuroral) 

ll CJ L5 16. ‘U t 7.<0 IS H' fan Hal! 1191 CC *:d 4oiKi 





HANDEL- ArrhdJartheQnceD a(5brba. 

MOZ*J<LPUtasCeuirToNa.2J ■□•■re Midifani. Qarierr Cwuira. Sympbeay Na 41 (Jupiter). 

fJZi fO *.•* {.'fnniHi'IdH •»■»! 4:«er-i 

a SUNDAY 12th JANUARY at 7.30 



ELGAR: laindueiloa A Alleyru Gar Simp. Cello Cencrrra. 
BEETHOVEN; Sympboer No. 7. 

. . I.ii6i7«i;if iO.'roaHiJt^’eMHWBSlaS 



Conductor: JOHN CAREWE 
BRAHMS Violin Concerto MAHLER Symphony No 5 
£1 f. i? W£» 50 £0 50 £10 fran I Kali 5 H aKIfi:* ?:--- 






Sunday 2nd February at 7.30 


Conductor: James Judd 

BEETHOVEN ..... .... Symphony No 8 in F 

-BEETHOVEN ..... — Jlonuocc in F hr violin & orchestra 

■ BEL I H OVEN .... — ^.Romiorr In G for vielm * orchewra 

BEETHOVEN — - Violin Cmctiu la D 

‘ 55 £EJD£6J0 Clb.Se {12.51 from Royal Albert Hull 5898212 Credit Card. 589 9415 


TUESDAY 14 JANU ARY al 7.« pm 
In ike pretence oTHJLH. I’niun Aleundn 

Sun 5 Jan 
at 250 

6 Jan 

1C Jan 
6JB pm 
4 750 pm 

duciori JUeatodrarie Lua iptenoiUnu Hint 'f^opi Faurt Pavana. 
BeeBioean Piano 'Concerto Mo. I: Ramri Pa ivy; FaHa Love the Mag vian. 
22.50 £350. £4 50. £E ££50 Orcnestra al Si John s Smith Scuflre 


LEAPS MAGICAL LANTERNS A inm.iy snow by Victorian magic 

MICHAEL PALIN readd from mi book of !in«nc«5. 

T-zkeii Children SJe. A0u«s £1 Free creche GLC 

ana bniiiari young artisis peiorrrang 50 wortj ay JC composers maud- 
mg John McCaba itaaiurea composer 1 . Banok- SiravtuJiy. Bcabcth 
Maconchy. KaUhoaniSora b|l. Peter MjnweU Daviet. Michael Berkatey, 
Mark Anthony Tunuge. Tic- els lor ihe 5 pm performances £2. £3 
Tickets lor ine“ 30 periormances £250. £3 50 For hill OeuAs rmg the 
RFH 01-928 3002 or FLG 01-240 4919 Park Lane Group 

Saturday i 1 janua ry ai ?.4 s pm 


i nVM by Vi S Gilbert and Anhur Sulii’-tin 

a «rapioe and corfuned perforeuin« * <r. m THE LONDON SAVOYARDS 
Alulsir DcsLid In Caddy Ten? Jeakin V hrlao Tienwy 
Mlckad Bauer Lmniw Duieb Enid Hank Jnba Mtgonn Michael WUelaaea 
Loadoa Sawrerdi Charm y» Cgacei DrcUm 
John BnTTO»sin’nJccc>rl hall) Opu 'ehereosrapturi Tent Ha«Laidirec:c;| 
£550. £7.(4. £350. £950. OO-W Ha£ I'JI-fCi j"w5j Cl. IO:^JS flW 1 

Tuesday 14 January 7.4* pm Barbican HaJJ 

Prewrucd by 1 \|. Sum or n asa.-u^er. *i:Y '-a;l red: PTrxi L:L 


rrogmnrae in;!'jd= 

VAUGHAN WILLIAMS Toccata Marzijle 

LISZT Tarantella 

DEBUSSY Clair de Lune 

JOHN W ILLIAMS Sar Wars Theme 

DON UISHER Trombone 


P-rar-.- Lb. i* .11*0 Of fee Trl W-« r-rr- dr .a: 5-J= C !>J ? W. --a S ry? 





G nA Beetharen SYMPHONY NOJ 

£J_S ). £450. £550. ftLSO. £750, £150, £950 Had 01-935 3191 CX. 0I-92B 8800 










fl ». iLSO. £550. £B.». fT-W. iCML CUO Hril 01 M9I C C D I -938 8800 


Principal Conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli 



Conducted by 



The See tunarts fa tha Kna rfl nkc pboc tu die Royal Fesbval Hall on, February JOrb, 

23rd. Mandr 24*. Z7dk A 30*. and mb iadwfc 







General petal U ftnaoil bodunff b-Jtlhccano. 
Mpcrn if lhe RFH Bo» Oilkr ao iUr Jam;. 

Tckphoas bmtan^ unc. Briephaoccx tniop. spem tali Jammy. 
Taekes amtatJc uaD L'a £IL M HaD '0I-9C9 ’19|j 
OC rdl-9j8 6»CUi ad uari 

ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL Snnda; 2nd February 1985 al 7 JOpm 


Sponsored by Capita] Radio 


Anthony Rolfe Johnson (tenor) Michael Thompson (horn) - 
Julian Jacobson (piano) Christopher Willis (piano) 

Tkfcetx fi> .M. OJO, 050, £540, «Jfl. DM 
Available ?th January from Royal Fesml Han. Boa OIDce; London SEl SXN [0I-9ZS3I9I) 
3t>d anml »renLi or The Tkhn Secretary. London CfcoraJ 5odcry. IV Eglincem Rd. 
London E4 7 AN 101-534 2GWI CC boobn^s (Ol-ng fflRW). 

Q St Jo ha's S mi th Square 


at the BARBICAN 

h, TOMORROW at 7 JO pm 



SS OVHm '“™ E S^5S.?ZSi : i 

Bceibavca*!!!] - • SYMPHONT N04 fPASTORAL> 


^ FRIDAY NEXT 10 JANUARY at 7.45 pm 








j CLCn.tT.W.j.'S.SO.pi^l 

TUESDAY 21 JANUARY at 7.45 pm 






Vafiaf WaldiaarfU SKATERS WALTZ 

And a WuUer Ran lor each lady sMBhrafthemEnra 

£5.£<r.t7-«, J tK1 | a£V3P 

© SUNDAY 21 JANUARY at J pro 
To Coanmemonoc 


TcJuptonfc? Muck Sue, Soppc Ligtn GralrrOr, Pudn woi S>uip6au> .VftS :1a Mwcm 
Artec Rule Bnramtu. .Hun Cc*uf Mordi Fine ixai Gk«y. Cbitc Thntrpcr V'ofumcj 


arid] cnasra nl mnrdlcm 

ml Ine hhforul rabtan, Fkainxe Nydaneak The Laly with rfar La®? 

J CL£6.£750.£&S) l i C>Jftl3ifldnaiui«kr Ita nJ CAT. Haff-pritr 

SUNDAY 28 JANUARY ax 7J0 pm 


Roniid Tbc Barber «4“ Seville Ooouoc. Vtrafi AJda Grand March and 
reSBe Kami Vmaix. Nab»«ro Omnn of die Hebaw Shvo. n Irmaaore Arml 

Ouns. Mawgai Easar Hymn and luontBi Pu c cini Madam BralttrDy 
One Fa* Day. Borndta Prmce Ipsr Pakwnuan Daus. Nkoial The Merry Whre* of Whadsor 
Ovemur. Ana Inna La Irnoatu. W^ner The Manafv Uamre- nc. 


FRIDAY a JANUARY at 7.45 pm 



Tchailareiks' MOUN CONCERTO 




HU KUN VkAn (Winner of the dry oTPori* Menuhin Viofia Caanpctiiian i*25l 
far miMm aid Anglo Wa Arika Managem am 
CkhJ. 050. IKSLCUO, £\0* 

Bor Office tOI-MI HOT) Cacdk Cods [01-638 Mil 

JOIN OUR FREE MABJNO LIST. Write to Raymond Gubhn Ltd, 

125 Toneabam Conrr Rand. Landoo W1 or pane 01-387 1QS2 


Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 



Ra r d unanln av PIANO CONCERTO NOJ 

1 ' ! 1 »™rt* SYMPHONY NOS 


Spammad by DHL bccraoriwral (UK) Ltd. 

Barbican Hall Wednesday IS January at 745 


TCHAIKOVSKT Piano Conceno No2 
RACHMANINOV Symphony No.1 

£A 47. GO Bra Office 0l-«a a»l a- DI-62S 87VS 

Wells t 







Tonight & Next Week, 
Eves 7.30 Sat Mat 2.30 

Tonight & Mon: 



Track and Field/ 
Caught in Time/ 
The Wand of 
Youth/Flowers of 
the Forest. 

01-278 8916 


ArieUghtftri new comedy 
Sal eve* aotd out until end or Mareb. 

, ry - . - T f ’ .W ' KfTg r * 1 Z 


"Fumy & antart ata bag" City Limits 
Anew play hy Doixjiaa WatMnstm 
Dlrecleclbv Mlcluael Rudmam 
Evas Mon-Ftl 7-30Thurs MatAOOSaU 
6.0*8.16. Group Sedan Ol -WSO 6123 

■BBPteuuii * j* il' i- . 1 pppH 

Ej go te r . v /. ^ r. r rtr a i 


Croups 01-734 4267/437 B7T3 


A nlebrattaiH of 


16 January at 7.30pm 

Royal Albert Hall 

i Bg 

Thursday 23 January 7.i?pm 

Barbican Hall 



MUR.AIL Time and Again 

TFeencyTrusi Commission: First London performance! 
TMFTA> MURML Osdn Manse rt 
Sponsored by The Royal Bunk of Scotland 
Sea Frias £950. £350. Tift £4. 145ft G 
Bo\ Office 1e5 1M ewiy dzyioc, Snr.'J'.-53! SSHl/CCS 

Monteverdi Choir and Orchestra 

Barbara Bouncy Soprapo Diana McwSopmw 

Patrick Power T=c« Willard Wluic Pen 

Spomoivd by Brilaril yfe 

£4- C »■ O from Oifia Bl-93 31«I till 01-75 8800 & vsa 
■ tk r u mc i dl Cboir and Orebcscri Lid. 


THE ROYAL BALLET Today 2.30 & 
7 JO Th« NulcfoO'or. Tim 7^50 The 
Nutcracker. Bolfcrt GttUna info 01-240 

LEA’S WELLE 2798916 

Lnul si Jam. E\e 7 jo. Sa: mod 2 50 

Today &, Mote Coppeln. 

in the presence of 

T.RJf. the Prince and Princess of Wales 

Charity Gala 

Mexican Earthquake Fund 



Artists taking part include 

Ghena Dimitrova 
Dame Janet Baker 
Robert Lloyd 

Tenor ra be announced 
Philbarmonia Orchestra. Bach Choir 

London Phil harmonic Choir; Pfailhannoua Chorus 

Placido Domingo 

Tickets from £60-£7JQ obtainable from the Royal Albert Hall 
01-S89 8212 oc 589 9465 and usual agents 


Y'EAR StBntf«ra Awarca 1 88S 


'J I? 7 * ' . 7 


mckwhixtinmon ' I also 6 8l 22 





S *-»RY$ 

1 'Of'i ' 

v ■ ... 


i Heidi 

i 7 inis/ 

i of 
”*'crs of 

• !; r 

s. U- ■ 

*•: e« tvs 
Z ->■ • f» 

•. :.. ; :«r'=: 

-■ v-V* „ 

„.. -, fc .ssi:s 

. ...iK'-VUi 
.• : C 

•ji iiMi -I 

-r I?:;'***; 
•*. CiS'S !> 

x vvr iP^ 

... — iaC» 

!!’ -Uv 


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: ?\v f- 





.Jbty\. ^ wander, 
usually ±a summer, 
'down " " 'Wardoui 
Street and . T **» 
King's Road* Ger- 
man backpackers 
. with Vir gin Mega- 
_ «o» bags, Dutch 
hikers., with death's-head hairy? 
metal patches on their 
jackets, Belgian punks, with 
swastika tattoos biro'd on their 
cheeks, Japanese art students 
with David Bowie make-qp 

They are the lost tribes of 
. rock, retracing the ley-lines' ’6f- 
an. ancient land in search of 
relies symbolizing a_ culture that 
may have colonized the worid 
more effectively than gener- 
ations of soldiers 'and district 

By coincidence, John Platt 
and Marcus Gray now publish 
simultaneous attempts to reveal 
this secret geography of 
London. If occasion all y, a 
turned stone unleashes a stench, 
as foul as any issuing from'. the 
alleys and drains of 
Hawksmoor/Dyer’s city, . re 
cently revealed in Peter 
AckroycTs book, then those of a 
certain age will also find 
pleasa nt er memories released 
by some of the authors’ 

Mr Platt begins m 1950 tro d 
ends with the dose of- the 
Sixties. He starts with theSoho 
beatniks, with the coffee bare - - 

Hooked on 

The Day of the Fox bv Norman 
Lewis (Robinson Pubtehlng,£a95y 

This story of a small Spanish 
fishing village caught at a 
moment of chang e is a vehicle 
for Norman Lewis’s extraordi- 
nary powers of description. The 
old traditions of resignation to 
hardship and injustice survive, 
but they- are about to be 
disrupted, if not suddenly by 
revolutionary activity, then 
slowly by the development of 

Costa is a simple fisherman 
who fought unenthusiastically 
in the Civil War on the side of 
the Nationalists^ When he 
returns to his village, he finds 
that everyone else fought on the 
other side. Their memories are 
long and they reject him 

Excluded from their boats, he 
is forced to live in poverty 
which drives his aged mother to 

London 1 * Rock Route* bv Job a 

Marcus, Gray (Omnfcus Press, 


Heaven and Hell, the 2 Is, the 
House of Sam Widges *- that 
gave birth to skiffle aud io early 
rock V roZL Jazz, folk and- the 
' blues are woven sHH»n y into 
his story, with a cast including. 
Ronnie Scott, Ken Cofyer and 
Alexis Korner. ■ •' 

There is not much style in Mr 
! PfcttFs writing, but there is a 
great deal- of enthusasm and 
accurate . derail He hits . his 
..stride with tlw appearance, of 
the young Rotting Stones, 
formed in. the west- London 
crucible of Eel Pie Tsiand t the 
Crawdaddy, the Ealing Qub 
and the Railway Hotel, Harrow, 
and with the arrival of the 
Mods, who split into camps 
based on either side of Wardour 
Street at the Flamingo (Ivy 
League jackets, saxophones and 
m 2 rijuana)V,and the Marquee 
(mohair Suits, guitars and 

The names roll by . like a page 
of classified advertisements 
from an old copy of The Mdody 
Maker Klook’s Kleck, ihe,Ram 
Jam Chib and Billy Walker’s 
Upper Cm; Tfles, the “nooxidky 
underground’* of Tom Wolfe’s 
essay: the Scene in Great 
Windmill Street. 

- Mr Phot talus .in the psyche- 
delic years - Granny Takes A 
Trip, UFO, the 14-Hour Tech- 
nicolor Dream — and stops just 
as things are getting out of 
hand. Eos book is a good read, 
supporting ' the ' well ordered, 
narrative with excellent pictures 
and helpful maps. 

Mr Gray, by contrast, gives 
his information under alpha- 
betical headings and deariy lost 
his heart to the punk revol- 
ution, whose heroes (Rotten 
and Sid Yidous. Joe Strummer 
and Siouxsie Sioux) are promi- 
nent on his pages. Those of an 
older generation who prepared 
the ground for the punks (the 
Stones, the -Who, Marc ‘Solan, 
David Bowie) receive greater 
attention than those who did 
-not ■ 

Naturally, then, his perspec- 
tive is less reliable, but some 
will still find this a useful book 
for the glove compartment, its 
dear cartography capable of 
enlivening a tedious crawl 
around London’s dogged streets 
with the information that there 
Jimi Hendrix died by inhaling 
his own vomit as a result of 
barbiturate intoxication, there 
Boy .George O’Dowd learnt to 
apply mascara, and there Sid 
Vicious beat a journalist with a 
chain. What butterflies were 

Richard Williams 


Splitting image: Zoot Money's Big Roll Band outside the Flamingo, Soho, in 1964 

Rambunctious rambles through the past 

MefioBfons: Norman Lewis 

scavenge for food and his 
girlfriend to run away to 

Lewis provides a meticulous 
account of the social dynamics 
of « Mediterranean . village. 
More remarkably, he explains 
with absolute precision what it 
is Kfce to be a 'lonely mazi in a 
small boat who must, for his 
livelihood, outwit 'both the fish 
and the sea. ■ 

Anne Barnes. 

Robert Nye does not make life 
easy for himself. Had he wished 
to -do so he- would hardly have 
embarked upon the further 
fleshing out of Sir John 
Falstaff, one of Shakespeare’s 
most rounded comic characters. 

Nor would he have been 
•drawn to a similar operation on 
Faust, already so swollen with 
the attention of Marlowe, 
Goethe and Mann. 

His two norelv each bearing 
its hero's name for the title, 
have been remaned by Penguin, 
respectively nine and five years 
after the original publication. 

. Falstaff was the winner of two 
fiction prizes, the Hawtfaornden 
and the Guardian, and remains 
marginally the better of the two 
-works - an extraordinary tract 
of inteHectnal ribaldry thrown 
down by a young man making * 
successful transition from po- 
etry to the longer form. 

. A comparative study of these 
novels ' serves to show that the 
fill knight, rafter than the soul- 

Fakrtaff by Robert Nya {Penguin, 

Faust by Robert Nya (Penguin, 

seller, was the vessel of Nye's 
most exuberant invention. 

On the face of it the two 
characters do not have much in 
common. What they share, and 
what is important for Nye's 
point de dipart, is an appetite 
for hedonism so voracious that 
they gobble and gabble their 
way through life as though there 
is a darker side of the character 
In play trying, at the very 
moment of the gorging, to nuke 
an early end of the feast 

All aspects of the knight are 
copiously furnished, be they 
matters of moment or minutiae 
from his own genealogy to the 
obscure recalls of boyhood. 
What was, by the time of A ferry 
Wives, a mere pale braggart is 
here refnflated into the figure at 
the centre of his own historical 
stage. - 

The effect is of a rather 

en gagin g rinmlr r ailin g and 

roaring in the presence of a 
stenographer for the sake of an 
ennobled posterity. 

Here are 100 chapters, 
rambunctious rambles through 
the past, and supposedly sage 
asides: “About Great Events in 
the Wide World”; “The Art of 
Farting”; “About Doll Tear- 
sheet and “A Night at the 
Boar’s Head”. 

And, of course, about Prince 
Hal: “My mad lad, sweet lag, 
most comparative, rascaliest 
sweet yonng prince, mad wag, 
the young prince that misled 
me. . J was the fellow with the 
great belly. And he my dog.” 

The same processes are at 
work in Faust with the import- 
ant difference that here we have 
a narrator, one Christopher 
Wagner, gniding us through 
The life. And what a life. More 
tupping, more bibulous ravings, 
more covert seduction on cold 
Protestant pews. 


Showman who created 


•. <$> .. -.v 


A curiosity of ■ , the British 
cinema is that .while so much 
home-grown talent, from Chap- 
lin to Stan Laurel, Hitchcock 
and Cary Giant; abandoned It 
for Hollywood, some of its most 
successful films have been made 
by foreigners. 

In recent years one thinks of 
die Americans, Losey and 
Kubrick and before; that the 
Brazilian, Cavalcanti,, but 
dwarfing them all in power and 
influence is the flamboyant 
Hungarian, Sir Al e xa n de r 

He arrived in Britain in 1930 
after a varied career that -had 
token him from Budapest' to 
Paris, Beilin and Hollywood. 
Finding an industry that was 
incnlar and unsure of itself he 
shook it into life and gave it 

Korda's twin assets were a 
personal charm that completely 
transcended an otherwise 
prickly temperament and a flair, 
for showmanship. Through the 
1930s, he combined the two to 
put British films on the world 

Chairmen Korda 

map for almost jthe first time in 
then: history- : • 

The paradox of Korda is that 
he revived the British cinema 
by: thinking internationally. An 
outsider himself he was never 
afraid to import stars - and 
directors and the list includes 
such - names as Mariede Die- 
trich. Rent Glair, the American 
W illiam Cameron Menzies and 
Josef Von Sternberg. 

■ .His films, too, owed for more 
to Hollywood than Pinewood. 
They were, typically, expensive 

costume spectaculars, often 
drawing on episodes from 
British history bit intended to 
have a universal appeaL 

Korda’s base was not, in feet, 
Pinewood but Denham, a 
studio he built himself with 
money charmed out of the 
Prudential. It was another 
attempt to ape Hollywood, with 
facilities more lavish than had 
been seen in Britain before. 

Korda spent extravagantly 
and lost money spectacularly. 
By the outbreak of the Second 
World War he was heavily in 
debt. His showpiece, Denham, 
had to be surrendered. But after 
a spell in the Stales he came 
back, mounted more lavish 
productions - and lost more 
money - tins time the Govern- 

He -died 30 years ago this 
month and BBG2 is marking 
the. anniversary with a season of 
“Korda Classics”. It starts 
tomorrow (3.25-5 .25 pm) with 
The Four Feathers (1939), a 
rousing adventure story set in 
Victorian. Africa and directed by 
Korda’s ‘brother, Zoltan . 

The film is notable for its fine 
Technicolor photography and 
the' same applies to the 1940 
version, co-directed by Michael 
Powell, of The Thief of 

aS ’ ' < ■**: 

Courting couple: Charles Laughton and Binnie Barnes in The Private Life of Henry Vm 

Baghdad (Thors, 7.15-9.00). 
Here is cinema artifice at its 
most potent, a dazzlingly 
inventive kaleidoscope of cellu- 
loid magic. 

The other three pictures 
showing next week were di- 
rected by Korda himself. On 
Monday (6-7.30pm) there is 
The Private Life of Henry VEQ. 
made inJ933, Korda’s biggest 
money pinner and the first 
British film to have wide 
success in the United States. It 
contains a towering perform- 

ance by Charles Laughton. 

Laughton stars again as 
Rembrandt (Fri, 6-7.20ptn), a 
moving portrait of the painter 
made in 1937. Completing the 
week is the 1941 Lady Hamilton 
(Wed, 6-8 pm), with Vivien 
Leigh in the nami* pan and 
Laurence Olivier as Nelson. 

The season continues with 
Marlene Dietrich in Knig ht 
Without Armour (January 15) 
and Robert Flaherty's Elephant 
Boy (January 17). And on 
January 12 there is a not-io-bc- 

missed repeat of a television 
classic from 1965, The Epic 

That Never Was. 

Bill Duncalf s documentary is 
the story of one of the most 
ambitious Korda projects, /. 
Claudius, with Charles Laug- 
hton as the eccentric Roman 
emperor. Bedevilled by clashes 
of temperament and Laughton’s 
agonizing over how the role 
should be played, the film was 
finally abandoned after the 
leading actress. Merle Oberon, 
was injured in a car crash. 

Rich pickings and a bundle of laughs New year revolutions for all that jazz 


The tom of the year memis a 
fresh start for television as the 
companies lake, stock of the* 
Christmas ratings- battle and 
unveil their new offerings. In 
some cases there are formidable 
gaps to fill. ' 

Saturday nights on-BBCl, for. 
instance, are now bereft of 
Juliet Bravo and Friday nights 
no longer have Bergerac. Re- 
placing the popular lady cop is 
Strike It Rich! (BBC1. today, 
7.20-8. 10pm), an eight-part 
serial about .an -assortment of . 
people att apparently unconnec- 
ted but listed by . a common 
search for Iostshares. 

Juggling so many characters 
and sub-plots makfts the open- 
ing programme difficult- to 
digest but with experienced 
scriptwriters Eric Fuice ami 
N. J. Crisp in charge, things 
should look up. It is probably 
worth persevering ut least to the- 
second episode. 

Robert Banks Stewart, who 
created the lively and original 

Shoestring, and the disappoin- 
tingly tepid Bergerac follows 
the Jersey detective with Love- 
joy (BRCl. Fri, 930-10^5pm), 
a comedy-thriller about the 
antkiiies business written by Ian 
La.Frenaisl Ian McShane plays 
the btzriy hero, -ah East Anglian 
hustler on the lookout for a 
quick buck who stumbles on a 
gang of robbers. 

Among the comedy offerings 
are tw o new series, All hi Good 
Faith (TTV, ..Mon, 8-8 .30pm) 
with Richard Briers as a naive 
country vicar taking on a tough 
city parish in the Midlands; and 
Constant Hot Wafer (TTV, Fri, 
8.30pm), in which Patricia 
Phoenix, late of Coronation 
Street, jdays a seaside landlady. * 

Otherwise it is a return for 
the tried -and tested; it remains 
to be seen whether much more 
can -be ' squeezed from -the 
package tour sitcom. Duty Free 
(TTV, Wed, 8-O0pm) but the 
skilled playing of Simon Callow 
and Brenda' Blethyn should 
sustain, a second series of 
Channel 4’s Chance ha a MUEob 
(M on, 930-I0pm). . 

I fear, however, that none 
will match the wit of Yes, Prime 

Minister (BBC2, Thurs, 
9-9.30pm) in which Paul Ed- 
dington’s- dithering Jim Hacker 
finally makes it to Number 10. 
The first episode, at least, finds 
writers. Antony Jay and Jona- 
than Lynn in cracking; form. 
Meanwhile , the scurrilous pup- 
pet show, -Spitting Image, is 
back cm ITV tomorrow (9:45- 

A social documentary that 
could stay in the memory is 
Fridctey - The Changes, which 
runs in five ports on BBC2 from 
Monday to Friday (times vary). 
It examines the effect of the coal 
strike on five families from 
West Yorkshire, following them 
through the year and recording 
their hopes and fears. 

”A South Wales saga to rival 
-any episode of Dallas or 
Dynasty ”, burbles the BBC 
. publicity for The Marriage 
(BBC1, Wed, 9J0-10.15pm).. 
little of this emer ges from the 
first episode, in which a r u gge r 

playing womaniser from the 

Rhondda Valley and his fiancee 
prepare for their wedding -but 
there are five more prapammes 
to come. Desmond Wilcox is 
the interviewer/narrator. 


Historic jazz recordings as most 
of ns will not have heard them 
before, are the staff of Robert 
Parker's Jazz Classics in Stereo, 
a 26-part series which starts on 
Radio 2 tomorrow (4-4 .30pm). 

Parker Is an Australian sound 
engineer who has one of the 
finest collections of jazz records 
in the world. He also developed 
a revolutionary technique for 
transferring the fiat and scrat- 
chy sound of old 78rpn discs 

into a stereo format with greater 

H3s programmes cover the 
years from 1917 to 1W7 and all 
the mnsk he plays has been 
taken from original 78rpm 
recordings. Among these com- 
ing up fresh and sharp are Jetty 
Roll Morton, Louis Armstrong, 
Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith 
and King Oliver. 

Another nmsical feature, 
Glenn Gould: Concert Drop-Out 
(Radio 4, tomorrow, 10J5- 
21pm) traces the strange career 
of tV Canadian pianist who 

suddenly abandoned the concert 
platform at the age of 33 and 
devoted himself entirely to 
writing and broadcasting. 

As the programme reveals 
through interviews with friends 
-and colleagues, he was an odd 
character to say the least. He 
lived almost as a hermit, wore 
an overcoat and muffler on the 
hottest New York day and 
talked for hours on the tele- 
phone with people whom he 
never met. 

Radio 4 gives a new look to 
Saturday mornings with Loose 
Ends (1030-3 130am) a chat 
show-cam-macazinc programme 
hosted by Ned Sherrin. Regular 
contributors include Angela 
Gordon, editor of The Times 
Diary, Sunday morning has a 
new look, too, with the return of 
Desert Island Discs (see page 

The dramatic heavyweight of 
the week, is the British broad- 

3, Wed, 730-9^Opm), trans- 
lated and adapted by Strind- 
berg’s biographer, Michael 
Meyer. The story of a young 

priest who defies the established 
church, it has the Roy-al 
Shakespeare Company actor 
Miles Anderson in the name 

The Afternoon Play on Thurs- 
day (Radio 4, 3-4pm) is the first 
of a trilogy by Andrew Rissek, A 
Man Alone. Ronakl Pickup, 
malting a rare appearance on 
radio, plays a successful novelist 
and television producer who is 
tormented by a schoolboy 
friendship that went tragically 

Showbosiness reminiscences 
ran mate diverting programmes 
as It’s a Funny Business has 
often reminded ns. The series is 
back os Wednesday (Radio 2, 
1 0-1 030pm) when Mike Craig’s 
guest is Betty Driver, a West 
End star at the tender age of 14 
and best known latterly as Betty 
Turpin of Coronation Street. 

Wednesday also sees the 
return of Influences (Radio 4, 
7 2 0-7. 45pm) in which Labour’s 
Roy Hitters ley and Tory 
Jeffrey Archer talk not of 
politics bat of how their lives 
were shaped by remarkable 

A willing slave who 
waited in the wings 

Once again Nye immerses 
himself in his period snffidently 
to conjure a world which is half 
in the domain of 16th-century 
Germany and half in 20th-cen- 
tury England. It is a rich, rude, 
teeming evocation, full of low 
bawdy and high blasphemy. 

These most ambitions novels 
coold so easily have become 
inchoate (indeed they threaten 
to do so on many occasions), but 
it is always the sheer vigour of 
Nye’s language which pulls 
them hack from the brink. 

His is a highly individual 
diction, forever lancing its own 
pretensions with the nse of 
tough, strangely timeless ver- 
nacular. The mixture of eru- 
dition and sheer belly mirth is 
potent indeed. 

Shakespeare and Marlowe 
might have been perplexed by 
the new directions of these early 
anti-heroes, but I fancy they 
would also have approved. 

Alan Franks 

Katherine Mansfield: The 
Memories of lm by Ida Consumes 
Baker (Virago, £430) 

“Bui you do see that our 
relationship was absolutely 
wrong now? You were ident- 
ified with me. 2 prevented you 
from living at alL Now you 
have to learn and it’s tembly 
hard.” So wrote the dying 
Katherine Mansfield to her 
most faithful friend, Ida Baker. 

This was not the tone she 
used with Ida during her Hie. 
Here is a typical example from 
an earlier letter, intolerant and 
demanding: “When you send 
papers get a label the size of the 
papers! Otherwise the copy 
arrives tom. black tom and 
disgusting. Didn't you know?” 

Kaxhcnne speaks to her like 
an • employer telling off a 
servant She could behave as 
she pleased with this faithful 
friend, housekeeper, nurse, 
nanny, slave. Ida Baker, nick- 
named Leslie Moore. LM for 
short, never failed Katherine. 
Katherine described her in 
letters and journals and gave an 
image of her to posterity-. Fifty 
years after Katherine's death, 
LM decided to give her own 
version of their friendship in 
Memories of LM 

The book begins at Queens 
where the two girls met: 
Katherine was dreamy, gifted, 
egotistical; LM was dowdy and 
infinitely admiring. They be- 
came great friends. Later Kathe- 
rine made an impact on the 
London literary scene, and LM 
did not fit in easily with friends 
such as the Lawrences. 

But she had a positive talent 
for absenting herself when not 
wanted. She could merge into 
the background, if necessary, 
even hide. LM relates their 
living arrangement in a Chelsea 
fiat where LM slept up in the 
gallery; “If there happened to be 
a visitor, I lay on my bed very 
silently since, though Katherine 
and I were content, it might 
have been inhibiting for the 
visitor to know that an unam 
third person was present” 

Told in an unquestioning 
voice, this astonishing arrange- 
ment provides an image of their 
relationship. LM is the third 
party, listening, present but 
excluded. The implicit voyeur- 
ism is echoed many times later, 
as when she kept house for 
Katherine and her lover, later 
husband, John Middleton 
Murry. She was witness, confi- 
dant and third person during 
Katherine’s troubled affairs. 

LM describes how she nursed 
Katherine; she was drawn back 

into Katherine's life each time 
Katherine was sick and tartly, 
but any resentment on LM's 
part is conspicuously absentr 
It is intriguing to put these 
simple memoirs next to a letter 
from Katherine to Middleton 
Murry. For Katherine - and 
here the friendship begins, to 
show its true oddness - 4he 
silent constancy of LM ft as 
malign and powerful. Everyone 
else abandoned Katherine: this 
woman didn't But, stricken 
with tuberculosis in her lung, 
LM seemed like her nemesis: 
“She’s a revolting hysteria! 
ghoul . . . she's never content 
except when she eats me.-.. 
She'd like me to be paralyzed, 
of course, or blind ... I eve&go 
so far as to feel she has pecked 
her way into my lung. . * 
LM could possess her.-<in 
illness. “In the periods when I 
was not actually caring for her l 
was almost vacant resting 

Difficult: Katherine Mansfield 

rather than living”, wrote LM. 
Although to the outside eye she 
was exploited, on one level 
Katherine found her terrifying. 
She writes again to Muny, with 
a tubercular haemorrhage: “It's 
a good thing LM has come 
(even though I feel in some 
mysterious way she has done it. 
I do.) Still, 1*11 use her as! a 

Memories of LM is this same 
story from LM's side, but s|ie 
reports simply, without judging. 
It is not clear if she understood 
Katherine's ambivalence, but 
then Katherine was explicitly 
demanding (“I do love you ana 
want you for my wife”, she 
wrote) just as LM was inarticu- 
lately possessive, waiting in the 
wings to catch Katherine when 
she fell. 

After Katherine died LM 
continued to serve others: “As 
Katherine expressed herself in 
writing, so I expressed myself in 

Kathy O’Shaughnessy 

By Peter Waymark 


That’s Entertainment - Part II 
(1976): Crips from MGM films made 
between 1929 and 1958, 
introduced by Fred Astaire and 
Gene Kelly. Musicals predominate 
but there are also samples of 
Laurel and Hardy and the Marx 
Brothers (Channel 4, today, 

★ Paufine at the Beach (1983): 
Typically spare and elegant sax 
comedy from the French director, 
Eric Rohmer, charting passions 
and misunderstandings among a 
group of holidaymakers in 
Normandy (BBC2, today, 10.25pm- 

Lady ta the Lake (1946): 

Adaptation of the Raymond 
Chandler thriller, notable for 
directorystar Robert Montgomery's 
use of the subjective camera so 
fiiatthe private eye hero. Marlowe, 
is seen only when reflected in a 
mirror (Channel 4, today, 

North by Northwest (1959): Cary 
Grant and Eva Marie Saint In Alfred 
Hitchcock's joyous chase thriller 
which includes the famous crop- 



Scanning about: Jeremy Irons 
in Swann in Love 

dusting sequence and c&matic . 
shoot-out on Mount Rush more 
(BBC1 , tomorrow, 7.45-9.55pm). 

★ Swann in Love (1983): Jeremy 
Irons, Omella Muti and Alain Delon 
in a tale of love and jealousy in 19th 
century Paris, adapted from -= 
Proust 3 Remembrance of Things*. 
Pasfand directed by Volker ' ~ 
Schlondorff (Channel 4. Wed, !.C 

10pm -12.05 am). 
★ First British 

First British television showing 


■ rj 

Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two correct 
solutions opened on Thursday, January 9. 1986. Entries should; ±>e 
addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Competition, 12 Coley Street, 
London WC99 9YT. The winners and solution will be announced on 
Saturday, January 11 1986. 

1 Irrelevant statement p j F 1 P | F~j P [ 

< 3 - 8) Fy y- U y d 

9 Great musicians (7) Q*j P jj 

16 Soft French cheese 

3 Locate (4) 

4 Leave (4) 

6 SSfh 1 SOLUTION TO No 839 » ' '7 

7 ShinS DKcesfin ACROSS: 1 Phobic SBircme 80 NO 9 Margm 

l? Tn event f 2 _ 4 ) 17 Stream 19 Per annum 22 Gash 24 Wanton 

14 oSil » <>*»“ 26 Nun 27 Near by 28 Engulf 

1 * Japanese emperor (6) DOWN: 2 Heard 3 Baggage 4 Concoct 5 Me 

19 S 6RllI1 y 7 Madonna 13Bit 15 Seepage 16 Con 

20 S(3) J7 Someone 18 Rigging 20 Altar 21 Nanny 

24 Maltreat (51 23 Swirl 

25 Foot covering (4) The winners of prize concise No 835 one w. a. 

26 Support (4) Downward. Kenmore Road. Nonhenderi 

27 4840 sq yards (4) Manchester, and Mrs M. A athan. Riveraaie 

Close, Seaton, Devon. 

SOLUTION TO No S3S (last Saturday’s prize concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Good narnird 9 Affront 10 Naive 11 Spa «J^h 
16 Tuna 17 Latent ISTask 20 Kerb 21 Cohens 22 Lear 23 Gan 
25 Gera 28 Cabby 29 Epaulet 30 Remorseless ..... . _ 

DOWN; 2 Offal 3 Dhow 4 Ants 5 Ulna 6 Epicure 7 Market place 
8 Perambulate 12 Pander 1411k 15 Stroke 19 Shamble 20Kcg 24 Adas 
25 Gyro 26 Mess 27 Haul 

Name. — — — -■ 


. . ?• r. 



THE TIMES JANUARY '4-10 1 9 86 


5ACHSROAMER: Norman Bailey Is back 
as Hans Sachs, his most famous rote, In 
*fie English National Opera revival of The 
AMStera/hgars ofNuremburg. He was the 
first Englishman to sing it atBayreuth; but 
CQjjaeum audiences have not seen the 
Bafley Sachs for 10 years. London 
C^&seum (01-836 3161) from today. • 


Running in 
to trouble 

Tl»e Car Wars battle between 
biographer Robert Lacey and 
bis American opposite numbers 
over wfao wtil be first into the 
bookshops with their biogra- 
phies of Henry Ford H, is 
revving up nicely. David 
Horowitz and Peter Collier 
have accused Lacey, the biogra- 
pher of the Queen, of “spying” | 
Lacey, based in Detroit while he*! 
completes his ; three-year task; 
has suggested that Collier- only 
fbtmd the motor city because he 
won a fine trip there in a raffle. 
On .research, though, Lacey 
reckons he is. well ahead; for .a 
time he worked on the. Fold 
production line making I.inrq] n 

Is it a write off? 

Tom Stoppard has just retained 
from Hollywood where he has 
delivered his screenplay of J. G. 
Ballard’s novel The Empire qf \ 
the Sun, not knowing whether 
the. film will ever be m*Hi- 
Stoppard has had much experi- 
ence of the vagaries of Tinsel 
Town, having delivered a 
treatment of Rosencramz and 
Guiidenstem (not made) and 
written the script of Brazil 
not released in the 
States). “Ilfs going to be 
ive film to make - lots 
war scenes against the 
backdrop of Shanghai. It’s seen 
through the eyes of an eight- 
year-old boy, and let’s face it, 
you can’t get Robert Redford to 
pfijy the role**, I am told. 



pKkpect erf Lord Ofivfer and 
QuT Richard in the same West 
End musical appears to have 
intrigued those who like to book 
their entertainment well m 
advance. Although Tune does 
not open until April, its 
producers predict they will hare 
sold every seat in the show for a 
yjSr ahead. Olivier win not, 
l»w«r, be treading the boards 
bhthe show. Following what 
strands ttke a Wgi% 
n^amtetablc filing session. 

It wifi be his moving image 
which will speak to the audience 
each night. 

Two to be Prue 

Two actresses will simul- 
taneously be playing the buxom 
Miss Prue in Congreve’s Lave 
Ear Lave in London from 
January 16. The first, Sally 
I3e$ter, is in her twenties and 
appearing in repert or y at the 
Lyttelton. The second, Mrs 
Abfagton, is no spring chicken, 
being more than 200 yean old. 
That is because she is a painting 


DRAGON SLAYER: Michael Ofcnmo 
returns to the screen five years after his 
bloated Heaven's Gate with a swagqerinc 
thriller, YearoFtha Dragon (18). .Mrckey 
Rourice plays ah upright coo tndno to 
dean up New York's i 
Shaftesbury Avenue (01-836 8861), ABC 
Fulham Rbad (01-370 0265), from Friday. 

I, the 
won the 1 


old Brazfliah pianist 1 
VanCHbum Piano i 

performs Schumann's Cernaval ; Villa- 
Lobos's Bachianas Brasliiem No 4, 
Chopin's Fantasy Op 48 and Haydn’s 
Sonata Hob XV1/52. Quegn Elizabeth Had 
(01-S28 3191). Wedriesday t 7v45pm. 

if daunting, 

Mrs AMngtou and Sally Dexter 

6y Reynolds, soon to be seen in 
hn major exhibition at the 
Royal Academy. I am told by 
Stephen Wood at the National 
that the girls have similar 
rffiysiques, but he wouldn't like 
to swear that the 20th-century 
version is in the habit of! 
Peking her thumb in quite the 
provocative manner of Rey- 
nolds’s Miss Prue. 

Sunrise set 

; peculation over the appoint- 
Menl of the head of the BBC’s 
!ew Daytime Television pro- 
Ammmes may be out of place as 
rte content has yet to be 
- . leaded. However, the smart 
-loney is on Roger La u g ht on, 
te current head of Network 
,'eatures. His trade record is 
•sod: he has been in charge of 
. .-uefa diverse productions as 
ij rreot River Journeys and Film 
■ S5-. Bui there is one innovation 
■feat he would probably prefer to 
-forget - the televising of the 
Tather low-brow Jane, the 
wartime heroine who brought 
new meaning to the phrase 
“strip cartoon”. 

Christopher Wilson 

16. Printed «ad ptUnlKd by Ttoo 
— — - rmu«d. P.O. Box 7, 200 
London, WCIX SEE, 

; Ol-iri 1234. Tehsc 

4 1VWL 
Poo Office. 

P.O. Box 7. 200 

_ Read. I 





TALL STORY: Rflc Mayafl,star of 
alternative comedy, takes a new role 
reading George's Marvellous Medicine, 
the children's story by Roald Dahl, in 
Jackanory (BBC1 » Monda 
in more familiar guise can be seen Bn 
Best of Saturday. Live { ITV. today 
9.45- 10.45pm). 

TOUGH TENOR:'George Coleman missed 
the glory generally reflected on to Miles ' 
Davis's saxophonists in the 1960s. But he- 
matured into an improviser of exuberance 
and almost intimidating authority. He is 
appearing at Ronnie Scott’s Club, 47 Frith 
I Street, London W1 (01-439 0747), Monday 
to Saturday. 


Scottish BaJfeTs gentle, stylish ballerina, ts 
seen too rarely in London out this week, 
besides dancing The Nutcracker with her 
own company In Glasgow, she glvce two 

indomF^^aTBaDeL Pa^aU^n (01^ 
928 31 91), Tuesday and Wednesday. 



ELMER GANTRY: Stew Brown’s 
musical, from the Sindar Lewis. . 
novel about the unbefievteg he&fira 
preacher, .drectedby-GDes Croft. 
Gate Theatre Club. 11 Pembridg* . 
Road, London W11{Dl-229 07tfe). 
Previews Thurs, Fit, Jan ti . Opens 
Jan 13; - 


ffiOMNG BOARD : Agr*S Bemeffe 
presents a collection of songs 
which she has translated and 
adapted from toe political and 
satirical cabarets of Germany 
between 1916-1939. ' 

King's Head-Theatre Chib, 115 
Upper Street, London N1 (01-226 
191 6) From Mon. Press night 
Thurs. Until Jan 25. 

MANCHESTER: The Snowman: 

jgs’s benign night 
r, this time adapted for the 
■ stage by Anthony Claps, who also 
directs. Music by Howard Blake 
includes "Walking bi the Air". 

. Contact, University Theatre (061 
2735696). Until Jan 18. 

As You Lace It Janet McTeer, 
i Suzanne Burden, Duncan Ben, 
James Wflby, Raad Rawi, directed 
r Nicholas Hytner. 

[Exchange (0618339833). 
Opens Thurs. Until Feb 15. 



t happens to all bands, ;not 
just the Police. You start off 
as a democracy and then 

a major tour of the 
UK tonight, writes 
Michael. Cable 

slenderest of prospects - inchid- 

ing an "invitation from the _ ____ 

drummer Stewart Copeland. to. it is somefenes -su gg ested that 
form a band to be called the 

Police - may have seemed little 
short of folly. 

Just over two years later, the 
Police’s first - hit single 
“Roxanne” began climbing the 
British and American charts 
and their album - OutUmdos 
D Amour entered- the British 
charts, where it was to remain 
for the next 96 weeks. Sting had 
also completed work on. two 
feature films, Chris Petit's 
Radio On and Quadrophenia, in 
which he played 

-a prominent love, those guys. Whether 
role as a mod ga n g leader, the play together a gain is in the air, 
Ace Face. The part did no harm . but it^ro uldbe^e.” - 

Sting embarks on a 

■M « %*%-a*i W1 ovy a « 

someone emerges: -as., the H6W pilBSC Ol JUS SOlO' 
leader. It usually ends, in — : — ; 

trouWe.” . career when he starts 

The speaker is Sting, singer, ; - 

bass-player and song-writer of 
foe Police, and as such,, the 
leader of the most successful 
rock group since the Beatles and 
the Rolling Stones. Tonight, 
partly as a result of the friction 
which beset the Police, he goes 
on stage as a solo artist in 
Bournemouth at the start of a 
major British tour. 

During the put year, he has 
not only consolidated his solo 
career with serious acting parts 
in the films The Bride and 
Plenty, which starred Meryl 
Streep, but also established 
himself as a solo performer and 
recording artist. His album, 'The 1 
Dream of the Blue Turtles, 
securely lodged in the British 
and Amercian charts for the 
past six months, has sold more 
than 1.5 million copies. He has 
played to full houses in Europe 
and America with a group of 
leading jazz musicians, garner- 
ing generous critical plaudits 
while generating yet more 
record sales. 

But despite this success, 
including two Top Hve singles 
in America, he has yet to 
achieve a genuine Top Twenty 
hit in Britain (although be had a 
novelty success in 1982 with 
“Spread a Little Happiness” 
from the film Brimstone and 
Treacle). Sting- needs a success- 
ful tour to put that right 
With his intelligence, athletic 
build and photogenic good 
looks, Sting finds and retains 
international acc laim with little 
difficulty. “I see my picture 
everywhere and my name .in 
lights and I keep thinking ‘How 
on earth did I pull this off?* ", 
he says, nonchalantly. 

One explanation, apart from -■ 
his obvious talent, may be his 
willingness to take risks: He was : 
born Gordon Matthew Sumner, 
to a family of modest means, in 
Northumberland, in 1951. By 
4976 he had a comfortable job 
as a primary school teacher in 
Cramlmgton, a new town just 
north of Newcastle, a wife, the 
actress Frances Tomelty, and a 
first baby , on the way. By ni g ht 
he played bass and sang in a 
local jazz-rock band called Last 


Leaving his job and taking 
bis wife and baby -to -London in 
January, 1977, with only the ' 

“apprentice?Vncfor N "My career 
has -beat -patchy but -Pm 
growing as an actor aH the lime. 
I don’t expect to. be Dustin 
Hoffman or Laurence Olivier 
over-night, but 'every film Tve 
done has beCT OT CceSsfiiL Nane 
of them was StdrWars but none 
of them was intended to be. I'm 
not at affdisappoHJted-” 

A studious and serious m an , 
Sting has sought inspiration for 
his- songs in Jung, Kurt WeiD 
and Bertolt Brecht. Given half a 
chance he will talk at Iengtfr 
about the pseudo-psychoana- 
lytical origins of his album title. 

■he takes himself a little too 
seriously but his soft-spoken 
chann defuses the- charge. 

for the 
been 1 

s domination . of the 
Police led to friction and-] 
for' thfr last year they have 
been tddng-a break from 
each other. '“We. got a good 
result with the P o lice, but we 
were basically at - war with each 
other for eight years- 1 still have 
a good relationship with Andy 
(Summers), and Stewart; I stilt 


to his incipient .heart-throb 

Since then, the Police have 
sold more than -40 million 
records, almost alL written by 
Sting; “I don’t always find it 
easy, but I know as soon asl put 
my- pen down-whenTve written 
a hit. I often say .to people, 
.‘Hey; I’ve just written a hit!’’* 


'e recently received -a 
special award to mark 
one million" plays of 
‘Every Breath You 
Take” on American radio. “If 

The solo project he has 
undertaken in the meantime 
was a typically audacious move 
which once again paid divi- 
dends. He recruited four heavy- 
weight American jazzmturicians 
ami set out to create a music 
unlike- that of- the . Police, but 
commercial nevertheless.^ 

Michael. -'Aptedr' -director of: 
Coalminer’s Daughter, ; was. 
engaged to -make ahig&budget 
documentary , film, Bring On 
The Night (premiered at the 
Cork FDm Festival m' October) 
detailing the '. Behihd-The-ocenes 
preparations .for the first. solo 
concert in' Paris ' last May and 

you work it out that’s the 

SSltiS. ^ 'tSSX 

h* cav*. shaldne- his head, to witness the laumaung of the 

end”, he. says, shaking his bead. J*?’ 
*MO»- staggering when you think Dana ‘ 
about it hkethaL" ' 

His music has made him a 
multi- milli onaire. He recently 
paid over £500,000 for Yehudi 
Menuhin’s Highjpiie home, 
owns a loft a p a rtment in New 
York's fashionable Soho district 
and runs three race horses, 
although -he still 'drives a 
Volkswagen- He has a new 
girlfriend, .the actress .Trudie 
Styter, who save birth to his 
fourth child last May. 

His supreme self confidence 
as a musician is halanced by his 
relatively humble, status as an 

Tbs' cnsumg^successstahds in 
stark contrast to last ’ year's 
rather’ pallid solo efforts tor 
Freddie Mercury and . MicJc 
;Jagger„ two comparable vocal- 
ists,' with similar „ aspirations. 
The. question' now '.is; will the 
tour push Ins curren t • single 
“Russians” into the Top 
Twenty and give him .the 
success m Britain that he has 
eryoyed in America? 


Bournemouth lrTtemafioriaTConfre 
297297). Mom Manchester 

ApoHa (081 2733775); Thurs: 
Newcastle City HaU (0632 320007). 

HAMLET: Cicely 
workshop production 

currently touring 
Centres. Tim Mdi 

directs a 
the NT, 
and art 
Innemy with Kate 
Buffery, Deborah POptett, 
Christopher Baines, Simon Scott, 
ftorman. Warwick, BIB Moody. 
Coaask»(01-928 2252). Opens 
Thurs. Frt, Jan 1 1 <matin6e and 
eveningLln repertory. 

Christopher Hampton’s adaptation 
from tha late IBtti-century novel by 
Lados about a conspiracy to 
corrupt an trmocant girt. 

The PKC01-628 8795/ 638 8891). 
Previews today (matmde and 
Evening), Mon and Tues. Opens 
, Wed. In repertory. 

OTHEUO : Terry Hands directs 
Ben Kingsley, David Suchet, Mamh 
Cusackr Janat Dale, Gerard Logan, 
Tom Msnrtion, Joseph O'Conor, in 
the RSC production first seen at 


A CHORUS LINE tPG): After almost 
a decade of hesitations, Michael 
Bennett's stage musical about 
show business arrives on the 
screen, (greeted by Richard 
Attenborough in a nervous array of 

From Fri attheOdeon Leicester 
Square <01-830 6111). 

lavish feature yet made in Norway - 
aCoW War thriller appropriately set 
agatest Arctic scenery. Three 

i stumble upon a Soviet 
survefflanoe post 
From Fri at the -Classic, Tottenham 
Court Road (01-636 614$). 


evening) and 

PULP; The aB-women theatre 
company Siren return with a 
lesbian Huffier" wHch sold out its 
previous run at this theatre in 

Dm Had Arts Centre, 1 6 Cheries 
Street. London WC1 (01-8378270). 
Opens Tubs. Untfl Jan 1 8. 


TALE HEART: Forget the first half 
of Steven Berkoff's one-man 
doubtebffl, but go for hta mesmeric, 
bravura recital of the Poe 
ma s te r piece. 

Donmar Warehouse (01-379 6565). 
Until Jan 18. 

INTERPRETERS: Edward Fox and 
Maggie Smith lead In Ronald 
Harwood's tricky confrontation at 
the edges of the cold war. 

Ctoeerfa (01-7341166). 

Joan Ptowri^it (above) as the 
.warm-hearted madam and Jessica 
Turner as herrebeffious daughter 
lead in Anthony Page's production. 
Lyttelton (01-928 2252). In - 

traditional pantonine vividly 
achieved, with Vicky LJckonsh as 
Jack, Matthew Kelly as Mrs 
Robfrison and some robust 
audience participation. 

Shaw Theatre, 100 Biston Road, 
London NW1 (01-3887727). Final 
performances today. 

McKeRen Is superb as the ■ 
equtvocN hireling Bosola In a grand 
revhnal.of Webster's Jacobean 
shocker. With Edward 
Petherbrklge, Jonathan Hyde, 
Eleanor Bran, Shefla Hancock and 

Lyttelton (« -928 2252). In . 


FIRE FESTIVAL (18): Traditional 
nfe-sty tes and modem civllzation 
baffle for si^remacy on the 
Japanese coast A raw, jolting film 
from Mrtsuo Yanaglmaichi, packed 
with odd behaviour from man and 
nature with 
ICA Cinema (0f-930 3 

and Pressburger’s exotic and 
breathtaking drama of 1 947 set In a 

Himalayan convent with Deborah 
Kerr. A dazzling British 

□ectric Screen (01-229 3694). 

SILVERADO (PGh Visually 
respiendtirtt and eclectic Western 
from Spielberg protege Lawrence 
Kasdan. . 

Leic ester Square Theatre (01-930 


BALLET at Sadler's Wells (01*278 
831 6) dances i 

i and evening} and Mon. 
i a programme (Toes, Wed) of 
the four most recent creations for 
the company: David BWlay's 
Flowers of me Forest, Michael 
Corderis Wiand of Youth, and the 
London premieres of Graham 
Lustig's Tima and Susan 

Grows Track -and FiekL'A revival of 
Balanchffie's BotStia/ Son is given 
(Thurs, Fri) with Birraey's Chores 
-and Cranko’s Card Game. Season 
ends Jan 11. 

ROYAL BALLET at Covert Garden 
(01-240 1086) has further 

evening), Tues and Wed. Lesley 
Cottier and Jutian Hoskteg (above) 
dance Manor? on Thurs. Then no 
performances are available to 
public booking until Jan 17 
because of special programmes far 
lie who have never visited 
t Garden before. 

SCOTTISH BALLET also performs 
The Nutcracker, In Peter Darrell's 
production, at the Theatre Royal, 
Glasgow (041-331 1234) today 
(matinde and evening} and Mon. 

visits Sheffield City Hafl with 
prog r a m mes of Robert de 
Warren's A Midsummer Night’s 
Oream(Tues, Thurs) and then Les 
Sylptudesand Nutcracker Suits 
together with Amedeo Amodo's 
new Suite ftaitenne (Fri and Jan 11). 



SCULPTURE: Work by 18 
scuiptiaal stars, such as Caider, 
Caro, Frink and Paladlnd; also Roy 
L ich ten s t e in: Expressionist 
woodcuts from 1980, paintings and 
landscapes from foe last two years. 
Wadcfington Galleries, 2, 11 and 34 
Cork Street, London W1 (01-439 
6262). From Mon. 

latest In a series of exhibitions of 
German 20th-century art focuses 
on the social and political context 
out of which the art sprung. - 
SairisburyCenfre for Visual Arts. 
University of East Angtia, Norwich, 
Norfolk (060356161 ext 2467). 

From Tues. 

Anniversary exhibition to mark 75 
years of art altruism includes works 
by Hodgkin, Kapoor and Mach 
before they are distributed free to 
national institutions. 

Christie's, 8 King Sheet, St 
James’s, London SW1 (01-839 
9060). FTom Fri 

show demonstrating the 
prevalence of drawing skSs in 
British 20th-century art Artists - 
include David Bombera, Ceri 
Richards and Wffllam Roberts. - 
Gillian Jason Gallery, 42 Inverness 


Joanna Gruenberg soloing to 
Gleg's Plano Concerto, Maurice 
Hanaford conducts the Haile 
Orchestrate Mozart's Lenozzedf 
Figaro overture and Bgaris 
Symphony No 2. 

Free Trade Hail, Manchester (061 - 
834 1712). Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 
HOPKnR/FUfe Antony KopMns 
talks about and conducts the LPO 
te Mozart's Le nozze di F{ 
overture, Handel's Water ! 

Dvorak's "New World" Symphony; 
and Cartos Boned (guitar) solos In 
Rodrigo's Conderto daAranJuez. 
Royal Festival Hafl, South Bank. 
London SE1 (01-9283191, credit 
cards 01-928 88Q0L Tomorrow, 

FREEMAN/RPO: Rossini's it 
barbisra a SMgRs overture, 
Handel's Water Music, 

Beethoven's "Pastoral” Symphony 
are ail played by the RPO under 
Paul Freeman. Hnar Henning 
Smeybe solos, too, te Grieg’s 
Plano Concerto. 

Barbican Centre. Tomorrow, 

HERBIG/LSO: Gunther Herbig 
conducts the LSO In Weber's 
Gbsnarroverture, Brahms's 
Symphony No 1, and Sergei 
Eoeknann solos in Beethoven’s . 
Ptano Concerto No 4. 

Barbican Centre. Thurs. 7.45pm. 

touTder members of! 

Almanac give a tenth annF 
concert wtto songs by Schumann 
and Brahms, including the latter's 

Wkpnore Hall. Fri, 7.30 pm. 


t of Nuremberg 
tat 5pm, a revival of 
il risky’s Eveiy, warmly 
himan 1984 production. On Friday 
Jonathan Miror’s austere, cerebral 
Don Gfcnwvif continues vrith 
further performances on 
Wednesttey and January 11 at 
7pm. On Thursday at 7pm the 
penultimate performance of ENO's 

. Jtiseum, St Martin's Lane, 
London WC1 (01-8363161). 

OPERA FACTORY: Preview tonight 
of Nigel Osborne's new opera 
HeS's Angels. Further 
performances on Monday, 
Wednesday and January 11 at 
8pm. Opera Fsntory's La CaSsto, 


Street, London I 
From Fri. 


tribute to the art end architecture of 
the Spanish city from 1888-1 936, . 
.-with work by Picasso, Mrro. Dafi 
and GaudL 

Hayward Gallery, South Bank, 
London SE1 (01-928 31 44L UntB 
Feb 23. 


than 1 00 examples of British and 

r-rway, also at 8pm.- 
Royal Court Theatre.-Stoane 
S^We, London SW1 (01-730 


BARRY MANKOW: How easy it is 
to forges that burled testes toe hype 

from 1839 to the present day. 
Stills Gallery, 105 High Street 
Edinburgh (031 557 1140). 



! opens this week for new 

‘ n of Dorfitegonde 
"with cast Including 
Robert Lkwd, Simon Estes, and 
RosaSnd Plowright Also for 
productions of J 
and BTrovatore. 

Royal O^era House, PO Box 6, 

from Feb 1. 

, Personal booking 

UYERPOOL: The DiwteB Are 
‘Coming: Morecombe and Wise 
scriptwriter. Eddie Braben's first 
stage comedy features ABson 
Steadman; Nick Strinoer, EE 
Woods and Jim Caa 
1 7091 

UnS Jan I 

OXFORD: The Importance of 
Befog Earnest Oxford Playhouse 
.Company, (Erected by Richard 
Wifflams, 1 wffl be foutfcnlMs ih 

whWi i follows it here. 

Postal booking opens this week for 
recital of Schubert Ueder, with 
HaitmutH6ll (piano) on March 16. . 
Also Montserrat CabaNe (soprano) 
in recital with Miguel Zanetti (piano) 
on March 23. Tefephone and 
I booking mom Feb 1. 

I Opera House, PO Box 6, 
London WC2. 

musk: ensemble vriD tour Harrison 
Birtwistle's Secret Theatre for Vxe 
fist time. Programme also fnckxfes 
two works by toe Japanese 
iposer ToroTatoBmHsu, aifo 
B’s "Suite from the Threepenny 
Opera", Tour starts In London 

i HalQ and travels to Durham, 

, Coventry. Oxford, Bradford, 
Cardiff and Manchester. Feb 12-26. 
Detafls from toe Arts Council, 105 
•’PSccadfBy, London W1 (01-629 

S 495 )- 


SEA FINLAND: This presentation' 
of seafaring in Finland fododes 
reHcs, models and lustrations of 
primitive small boats, great square- 
rigged saffing ships, naval battles te 
the Baltic as weD as wrecks.. 

; Finishes tomorrow. . 

National Maritime Museum, 

■ Greenwich. Sat- 10arr>-5 -30pm. 

Sun, 2-5pm.(01-S58 4422). 

German-bom artist who settied In . 
the Lake District after the war. -. 
Finishes tomorrow. 

Tate GaDery, Mfilbank. London- - 
SW 1.(01-821 1313). 

COLDITZ: Exhibits from CoKfitZ 
Castle, where altied officers vrere . 
teiprisoneddurteg the Second .. . 
World War. Finishes tomorrow.- 
Imperial War Museum, Lantoeth . 
Road, London SE 1 . {01-735-8922) 

■ superstar lies a gift for pure pop 
that has found expression te such 
kitsch gems as “Mandy", "Could It 
Be Magic' 1 and “ITs A Miracle". 
Tonight, tomorrow and Mon, 
Wembley Arena (01 -802 1 234k 
Thurs, Fri and Sat, NEC, 
Birmingham (021 780 4133). 

Condudteg the latest ICA Rock 
Week, te which each night has 
. spotting rock star. Tonight Jerry 
Ddmmerg (of the Specials) 
presents the Potato 5, the Friday 
Club and the Rapiers, and 
tomorrow a “surprise folk ru^hf' is 
concocted by Bffly Bragg, who Is 
proving that every generation of 
politicians gets its Bob Dylan. 
Tonight arte to mo rrow. ICA 
Theatre,Nash House, The Man, 
London SW1 (01-930 3647). 

SIX FOR *86: Hot on the heels of 
the Rock Week, the iCA hosts a 
rather more sophisticated event 
devoted to music on the 
boundaries of rock, jazz and the 
classical world. Mon: Well and 
Elsler meet revolutionary songs, 
from toe Third World in the big 
band toatcaKs itself The He 
End. TuasiDavkl Thomas, 1 

: Mark Springer, the 
virtuoso. Thurs: Michael 
the foremost British dfedpli 
Phfiip Glass and Steve Reich, leads 
his ensemble through music from A 
Zed and Two Noughts. 

From Mon, ICA Theatre, Nash 
House, 7he MaH, London SW1 (pi- 
930 3847) 

For ticket araflabiEty, 
per f o r mance and opening' 
; times, telephone the 
numbers listed. 
Theatre: Tony Patrick and 
Martin Cropper; Galleries: 

Sarah Jane Checkland; 
Photography: Michael 

Young; Dance: John 
PHdnl; Films: Geoff 
Brown; Concerts: Max 
Harrison: Rock & Jazz: 
Richard Williams; Opera: 

. Hilary Finch; Bookings: 

- Anne Whitehoose .