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Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

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j *•' ■» *r>j" 

No 62,337 



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^fAritman Joretor^ 

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Best feet forward 
Richard Attenborough 
and the filming 
of A Chorus Line 
Winter warmers 
Suzy Menkes finds 

S ew designs in 
lermal underwear 
Sharing the cake 
Digby Anderson on 
why lobbyists should 
fight for their money 
Ont of the bag 
The FA Cup 
fourth round draw 

There is £2,000 to be won in 
today's Portfolio competition in 
The Times. 

The weekly £20,000 prize was 
won on Saturday by Mr Clive 
S. Prana, of Downe, Kent. The 
£2,000 daily prize was shared 
between Mr 5 minder Sari of 
Wykeu, Coventry; Mr M. N. P. 
Mockbridge of Newnhams- 
rough, West Sussex; Mr A. 
Hasgett of Brixham, Devon; 
and Mr K. Attwood of Knowle, 

Today's prices page 14; how to 
play, bade page Information 

EEC against 
World Bank 

Europe has warned the United 
States that it opposes the 
favourite candidate for the post 
\ \ of World Bank president 
Critics of Mr William Midden- 
dorf. the US Ambassador to the 
EEC. say be lacks the inter- 
national stature needed for the 
job. Page IS 

Record deposits 
for societies 

Building societies reported an 
unexpected- rush of deposits in 
the Jasi week ofl985, when cash 
is more usually withdrawn for 
_ Christmas shopping, setting a 
record for the month Page 3 

Goods order 

The Chinese Ordnance Ministry 
. . , has ordered weapons factories 
' • to step up production of civilian 
goods such as refrigerators and 
bicycles Page 7 

Tunnel deadlock 

Britain and France are in 
deadlock over four Channel link 
choices with Britain preferring a 
road and rail tunnel and France 
content with a rail-only link 


Kremlin purge 

A Kremlin purge of elderly 
Soviet officials gathered mo-: 
rocatnm with the sacking of the 1 
mayor of Moscow. There have 
also been dismissals and repri- 
mands for officials in the four 
Central Asian republics Page 5 

Britons nearer 

The three Britons attempting to 
«alk to ihc South Pole arc 
thought to be just 10 days from 
their goal Page 5 

Travelling MPs 

Southern Africa and the United 
States were the most popular 
destinations last year for MPs 
on siionsored trips abroad, 
according to the Commons 
Resign vf Members ’Interests 
Page 2 

Ilart decision 

Mr Gary’ Hart's announcement 
that he will not seek re-election 
“* as a US senator this year has 
*frcllcd speculation that be may 
•j* for Ihc Democratic Presi- 
dential nomination in 1988 


Teachers’ pay 

The two sides in the teachers' 
pay dispute arc meeting separa- 
tely in another attempt to end 
the 1 1 -month-old dispute. 

Page 4 

Offers to jobless 

Jobless people arc to be offered 
a £20 "top up” in the 
Government's Job Start scheme 
if they accept work paying less 
than £80 a week Page 2 

Honours rumpus 

A book on the honours system 
is expected to renew accusations 
that the Conservative Party 
awards honours for donations 
to the party's funds Page 2 

Home Not 


1 Leading articles 1 V 



and Letters 

tl T 







Prem Bonds 

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Sport 17-20 t 



TV & Radio 

25 * 



! Theatres, eft: 





26 a 

Law Report 



12 v 

■■ 9 

Europe ‘big guns’ 
join forces to 
win Westland fight 

• The European consortium mounted' a 
campaign to beat the Sikorsky-Fiat bold on 
the ailing Westland helicopter company 

0 Government response was jubilant. 
“The heavy guns are being moved up to die 
front," said one source 

• Friends of Mr Michael Heselfine 
dismissed speculation flint he was bending 
for a showdown with the Prime Minister 

• Mr David Horne, who is co-ordinating 
the European bid, said he was “astonished 
that the Westland board had refused 
contact with the consortium 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

An all-out attempt to break with the Anglo-European offer Anglo European offer because 
the United Technologies-Fiat last night underlined their European collaboration is cen- 
grip on the Westland helicopter determination to win when he tral to the only coherent strategy 
company was launched by the said that once Sikorsky the for efficient defence output. 
Anglo-European consortium United Technologies snbsidi- backed by a technological base 
last night. ary, get a foothold in Westland which could compete with the 

With senior representatives it would take more and more Americans, 
of Agusta, Aerospatiale, and technological work away from Mr Keith Hampson, sec- 
Messerschmitt-Blohm due in Britain. “It would be the retary of the Conservative 
London by this morining, Sir slippery slope," he said. backbench defence committee, 

John Cuckney, chairman of Meanwhile, Mr Michael said last night that acceptance 
Westland, was told that Lord Heseltine, Secretary of Stale for of the Sikorsky-Fiat bid would 
WeLnstock and Mr James Prior, Defence, was maintaining a low jeopardize other European col- 
of GEC, and Sir Raymond profile at his Oxfordshire home, labors live projects. 

Lygo, of British Aerospace, but his friends “Going American at Wes- 

wanted a meeting to talk terms - tland," be said, “would open 

for their bid for a stake in the Onnosifinn viewc If) Pandora's box over the whole 

ailing company. upposraon views 1U qucslion of Britiah collabora- 

Senior government sources Letters 11 tion in Europe, 

were jubilant that the counter- ■ It was said last night that Mr 

offensive had been launched, speculation that he was heading Heseltine's position in the 
One source said gleefully: for a showdown with the Prime Ministry of Defence had never 
“British industry is mobilizing. Minister. been stronger! Two senior 

The heavy guns are being Whitehall sources said that it sources said that if he had not 
moved up to the front,” was “naive" of some Sunday had the harking erf* his service 

It was alleged last night that newspapers to think that the and Gvfl Service colleagues, 
Sir John was so strong in his Westland saga would not be they would have “sunk him by 
support of the United Tech- discussed at next Thursday’s leaks" before now. 
nologies-Fiat offer that he had cabinet, 
not even spoken to Mr David One source said that Mrs 
Horne, the Lloyd Merchant Margaret Thatcher was certain 
Bank managing director who to have it put on the agenda, 
has been coordinating the With Parliament returning on 
Anglo-European bid. Monday, ministers would need 

The consortium wants to to be briefed on one of the 

.mpress upon Sir John the hickiest political, strategic and January 14. 

The ministry is now hoping 
that the Anglo-European con- 
sortium will persuade Westland 
to give it a fair crack of the whip 
with die shareholders - even if 
tha t means delaying the share- 
holders' meeting scheduled for 

seriousness of its offer; the 
possibility of an improvement 
in terms; and the necessity for 
shareholders to be given a fair 
and reasonable opportunity to 
compare the two bids. 

But a senior source associated 

industrial issues for many years. 

The message from Mr Hesel- 
tine will be that the Westland 
shareholders now have a viable 
choice to make, but that it* 
remains in the British national 
interest that they go for the 

The representatives of the 
other consortium partners, due 
to arrive in London by today, 
were last night named as Signor 
Amoldo Antichi. of Augusta; M 
Pierre David and M Henri 
Continued on page 2, col I 

Gadaffi denies aid 
for Abu Nidal 

From Michael Bin yon, Washington 
Colonel Gadaffi, the Libyan Stales to be neutral in the Arab- 
leader, said yesterday that he Israeli dispute, and again gave a 
*— * — warning that Libyan 

had met Abu Nidal, the 
Palestinian terrorist leader, 
within the past year. But he was 
not in Libya now. nor were 
there any guerrilla training 
camps in Libya. 

His desert interview with a 
group of American television 
reporters was broadcast as the 
US appeared to be vacillating 
on whether and how military 
action might be launched 
against Libya. 

Senators and senior Adminis- 
tration officials are now suggest- 
ing that no suitable target has 
yet been identified in Libya, 
and that lost week’s publicized 
military preparations and sabre- 
rattling have already had the 
effect of intimidating Colonel 

Speaking English. Colonel 
Gaddafi said that he had met 
Abu Nidal, with other Palesti- 
nian leaders, both in Libya and 

to strike 


squads’ were ready 
inside the US. 

Libya was on full military 
alert, he said, and the Soviet 
Sam-5 missiles were now 
operational: “We have been 
trained by our friends the 
Soviets, and we can use them 
now.” But he claimed that 
Americans working in Libya 
were safe, and said that a US 
envoy had been in recent 
contact to defuse the situation. 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, also inter- 
viewed on American television 

Passports link 
Leading article 



yesterday, said Israel knew that 
Abu Nidal was in Libya. 

He called on European 
_ nations to take economic and 

eEmhereT' Hc“rame onSsw political ranctions aainst Libya, 
Libya, but did not live there. “I wanting them tht the alternative 

don’t know where he lives," he 

Libya and the whole world 
supported the Palestinians, be 
claimed. They did not have 
training camps in Libya, “but if 
they demand this, I will give 
them, because they are freedom 

.Asked whether the airport 
attacks were legitimate, he said 
they would not be “legal” for 
him, as a head of state, but 
might be for the Palestinian 
leaders, whose duty and strategy 
ws to "liberate Palestine by all 

He called on the United 

would be to pay' heavily in 
future. Europe was learning the 
hard way that something had to 
be done. “Undoubtedly today 
Libya is the most evil country 
when it comes to terrorism". 

Mr Peres praised the firm 
stand of President Reagan and 
Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, and denied 
that Israel was upset that the US 
was apparently leaving military 
action to Israel 

He hinted, however, that any 
Israeli strike would be against 
terrorists inside Libya, rather 
than against Libya itself 

Continued on back page, col 1 

Colonel Gadaffi (left) and Mr Peres: direct conflict over 
Abo Nidal and his role. 

leak kills 
man in US 

From Trevor Fishlock 
New York 

An investigation started 
yesterday into the leak at a 
nuclear plant in Oklahoma. A 
man was killed and a cloud of 
radioactive vapour emitted. 
More than 100 people were 
treated and 34 kept in hospital. 

The plant, near Gore in 
estern Oklahoma, was shot 
down and evacuated. A main 
road was dosed for two hours 
as a precaution. 

The gas dond, described as 
“a dense fog" rolled over the 
sparsely populated area near 
the plant and was rapidly 
disperses by a 30 mph wind. 
Officials said there was no 
danger to pnblic health. But 
one official said that “if a 
person was in the. plume of gas 
there is the possibility of a dose 
of nrannuE”. 

Men at the Kerr-McGee. 
Corporation plant, which pro- 
cesses nranhon for use in 
nuclear reactors, were working 
on a 14-ton. cylinder of uranium 
hexafluoride when it ruptured. 
Apparently a welded ' joint 

The leaking chemical com- 
bined with air to form hydroflu- 
oric add. Mr James Harison, 
aged 25 suffered lung damage 
when he in h aled the fumes and 
died in hospital four hours 

Eight other men were treated 
in .hospital for exposure to the' 
acid. One was allowed home 
later. A doctor said the worst 
injured had long damage. 

A team from the Nuclear 
Regulatory Commission began 
the inquiry. A spokesman said 
that exposure to hudroflnark 
add was “more a chemical than 
a radiation, problem, but you 
still don't want to get in the 

Kerr-McGee’s director of 
nadear licensing said an initial 
survey showed that radioac- 
tivity levels in the area were 

• GORE: The incident was 
believed the most serious in the 
US nuclear energy industry 
since the 1979 accident at the 
Three Mile Island plant near 
Harrisburg, P en ns y lvania 
(Renter reports). 

Mr Adam Wragg being carried on a stretcher in Glencoe yesterday by his rescuers. 

Two climbers die in snow 
avalanche on Glencoe 

By Ronald Faux 


climbers died and a 
third was injured by a snow 
avalanche which swept them 
900 ft down a mountainside in 
the Scottish highlands. Two 
other climbers in the same party 

Saturday in bad weather with in the ropes. When I stopped I 
snow-laden winds gusting to found myself near the surface 
80mph on the mountain' sum- and managed to get free of the 
mil The five climbers had snow." 

camped overnight in the high Despite his iqjuries, he 

_ , corrie below the cliffs before climbed back and found Mr 

were airlifted to safety by setting out in two parties to Draycott buried with only his 
heLicopter from a rock chimney climb Northwest Gulley and legs visible. “I tried to pull him 
in which they had been Deep Cut Chimney, which are dear but it was impossible," he 
stranded overnight both serious 1,500-ft routes. said. 

Mr Alan Wragg, aged 55, a Three ' were caught in the Mr Hamish Maclnnes, leader 
vimage-car restorer, of Blid- avalanche when a slab of soft of the Glencoe Mountain 
worth. Nottinghamshire, and snow broke free sweeping them Rescue team which was called 

. ■ 11 ■ out to the accident said: “The 

Forecast Generally cold with 
frost persisting in places. 

Temperatures rising to near- 
normal in the West later 

Detainis. back page 

Mr Paul Draycott aged 45, an 
architect of Mansfield. Notting- 
hamshire, died when they were 
swept down a gulley on Stob 
Coire Nan Beith (3,4521 ft) in 
Glencoe, on -Saturday evening. 

Mr Adam Wragg, aged 18, a 
waiter, whcPwas roped to his 
fattier and a friend on the 
Northwest Gulley route, sur- 
vived with a fractured leg and 
pelvis. He crawled 400 ft down 
the mountain to the climbing 
party’s camp where he hoped to b lined under several feet of 
find his brother, James, aged 20, snow while Mr Adam Wragg 
and Mr Steven Berridge, aged crawled down to the camp in 
32, of Ravenshead, Netting- the hope of getting help from 
hamshire. tiw two climbers. But they 

But they were trapped by had been overtaken by darkness 
darkness on another climb, were forced to spend the 
unaware of the disaster. It was night in the open oh the upper 
not until yesterday ■ morning sections of Deep Cut Chimney, 
that two hiD -walkers passing the Mr Adam Wragg said that 

camp heard Mr Adam Wragg’s just before they were hit by the 
cries for help and raised the avalanche he beard his rather 

weather was so bad that the two 
climbers would not be able to 
hear the other party and were 
unaware that they had been 
avalanched, even though at one 
point^the^ wjTefnot much more 

Elsewhere wintry conditions. 

alarm. A Sea-King helicopter 
from RAF Lossiemouth flew to 
the Hioh -Corie beneath the 
summit of the mountain and 
lifted Mr James Wragg and his 
climbing partner to safety. 

The. accident happened on 

down- over boulders and* ice- 
covered cliffs to . the foot of the 
climb. — , . 

The rope joining the three including blizzards, wrought 
climbers broke in the fell Mr havoc on-roads, in the country- 
Wragg and Mr Draycott were side and with sporting fixtures 
‘ ‘ * over the weekend. 

Five members of one femOy 
were killed in Devon in a car 
crash on black ice, while in the 
Lake District a series of 
mountain searches were in 
operation for climbers . and 
walkers,, who had fallen or had 
become lost 

The rugby league programme 
was badly disrupted yesterday 
with 10 games postponed. At 
Wigan, 600 supporters ensured 
the match with Swinton would 
go ahead by bringing brushes, 
forks and spades to the ground 
to clear the pitch of snow. 
Football was also affected. 

At louche danger, page 3 

say suddenly: “oh, no.” Mr 
Wragg said: “ It swept us away. 
I was struggling to breathe. 
Snow filled my mouth and was 
choking me. My helmet was 
smashed on the rocks and I 
seemed to fell for ages tangled 

Mine Mils 
two near 

: From Ray Kennedy 

A new threat of cross-border 
retaliatory actios by South 
Africa loomed yesterday after 
the deaths of two more whites 
in a landmine explosion. 
Fourteen people, 13 of them 
whites, have been killed in 

tgrnndnpliiaa and hnmh flWaelpt in 

Sooth Africa in little more tban 
five weeks. More than 70 
others bave been injured. 

The latest victims died on 
Saturday afternoon when their 
fight pick-up truck set off a 
'mine planted in a farm road 1.8 
mDes from the Stockport 
border post on the South 
African-Botswana frontier 
about 15 miles west of the 
Northern Transvaal town of 


Mns Elize de Beer, aged 31, 
and her father-in-law, Mr 
Hubert de Bern, aged 55,' were 
wiwi instantly and her hus- 
band, Deon, aged 34, and Mr 
Daniel Venter, aged 58, who 
were sitting in the back of the 
pick-up, were injured. 

EHisras is 156 miles south 
west of Messina, close to the 
Zimbabwe border, where six 
whites, four of them children, 
were killed in a landmine 
explosion three weeks ago, the 
-seventh in the area for which 
the outlawed African National 
Congress (ANC) admitted 

South Africa has been 
accused hi the United Nations 
Security Council of carrying 
out an armed raid into indepen- 
dent Lesotho last month • in 
whkh nine people, seven of 
than ANC refugees, were shot 
dead, three days before a bomb 
exploded in a crowded shop- 
ping centre at Amanzimtali 
near the coastal city of Durban 
kilting five people and hearing 
more than 60- 

Since last Wednesday South 
Africa has severely tightened 
controls on its borders with 

The ultra right-wing Con- 
servative Party yesterday ac- 
cused the Government of no 
longer bring capable of secur- 
ing the safety of people and 
called for “immediate military 
and other steps .to wipe out 
terrorist . bases in -our neigh- 
bouring states" 

• PoUce reported yesterday 
that a youth was shot dead and 
three others injured during a 
petrol bomb attack on a 
policeman's home in a black 
township near the Eastern 
Transvaal town of Belfast. The 
bodies of two black women 
victims of the “necklace” - a 
petrol-filled tyre hung around 
die neck - were found near 
Statterheim in the Eastern 
Cape province and the burned 
body of another black man was 
found in Guguletn township 
outside Cape Town. 

• la Soweto, outside Johan- 
nesburg, more than 50 children 
were' reported to have been 
injured on Saturday when 
police fired tear gas into buses 
taking them to a cemetery after 
a funori service for four nnrest 

rugby tour 
is ruled out 

The four home Rugby 
Unions yesterday confirmed 
that there will be no replace- 
ment - tour this year for the 
British Lions' tnp to South 
Africa, which was cancelled -last 

The four countries may now 
arrange their own tours but 
their decision opens up the 
possibility that British players' 
may be invited as individuals to 
visit South Africa as part of an 
unofficial visit 

Club football returned to 
television at the weekend. The 
first live match of the season 
featured West Ham beating 
Charlton Athlectic 1-0 at Sel- 
hurst Park in the third round of 
the FA Cup. In the other tie 
played yesterday; Evcrton, - the 
Canon League champions, only 
beat Exeter, of the fourth 
division, .1-0. 

Baris Becker; - of West 
Germany, _ won the. Junior 
Masters tennis tournament in 
West. Beilin. The . 1 8-year-old 
Wimbledon champion defeated 
Mats Wilander, or Sweden, 6-1, 
7-6, 6-0. Sportj pages 17 to 20 

Expatriate Isfaerwood dies of cancer 

From Ivor Davis 
Los Angeles 

The noted author and 
novelist Christopher Isherwood, 
an expatriate Englishman who 
lived more than half his life in 
the United States, died on 

Isherwood, who was horn in 

He was best known for bis 

the film / Am A Camera, 

starring Laurence Harvey and They had shared their bone 
Julie Harris. It was adapt s Jq for almost 33 years. 

1972 as the musical Cabaret “1 brought Christopher 
which won several Oscars anJ home from the hospital in mid- 
starred Joel Gray, T™ Minelii November", Mr Bachardy said 
and Michael York as the young yesterday 1 “He was very 11 and 
Englishman observing life in the there was little hope. He hadn't 

corrupt pre-war Germany. 

*1 am a camera with my 
open, quite passive. 




recording, not thinking", wrote 
Isherwood when he penned his 
Berlin stories. 

The writer lived in Santa 

Monica with his long-term 
companion Mr Don Bachardy, 
the well-known portrait paint- 

felt np to working for a long 

At Isherwood's specific re- 
quest.' Mr Bachardy said, there 
would be no funeral services. 
His bddy has been donated to 
the University of California at 
Los Angeles medical centre. 

Isherwood attended Cam- 
bridge University and King’s 
College, London.' He collabo- 
rated with - W. H. Auden <m 
three verse plays and a travel 

book about Chime. He -found 
himself comfortably at home in 
Hollywood writing- noveb.aud 
screenplays. His prose style did 
not suffer and was descri bed a s 
“a clear mirror.. ..a limpid 

In recent years his principal 
concerns Were Hindu philos- 
ophy, Farifism and a search for 
the meaning'of Kfe. 

He never married and was 
one of the first international - 
figures to publicly admit his 
homosexuality before it became 

In 1972 he published an 
affectionate biography ' of his 
parents, Kathleen and Frank 
Isherwood. ' 

New volcano 
fears hit 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

Thousands fled, their homes 
In, central Colombia at the 
weekend after the Government 
ordered the immediate evacu- 
ation of rural populations 
suddenly threatened by alarm- 
ing new seismic activity in the 
Nevado del Ruiz volcano. 

. The “maximum emergency" 

declared in the region came 52 
days after the volcano’s devas- 
tating eruption on November 
13 in which an estimated 25,000 
were killed in flash floods and 
mud avalanches when snow and 
iced on its peak melted. 

In what vulcanologists de- 
scribed as the most intense 
activity 'in the Ruiz since the 
disaster, its. most active crater 
.known as Arenas started ‘ to 
spew out sulphorous ash and 
gases, over a wide area- at the 
weekend, triggering aiym 
Among the surroriniciing popu- 

President Betancur, who flew 
to the disaster zone from 
Bogota, immediately agreed 
with vulcanologists, who have 
been > watching the volcano 
round, the dock, that' threatened 
populations had to be evacu- 
ated immediately. There were 
fears fhat'new avalanches could 
start flooding in local rivers. 

The evacuation affected an 
estimated total population of 
50,000 living in villages 'on the 
banks, of local rivers, as well, as 
low-lying districts of the towns 
of Honda, Maxkpiita^Guayabal 
Amhalema and Chmchma in 
the Tolima and f-alHm; depart- 

Both the national and local 
governments have been criti- 
cized for failing Jo co-ordinate 
plans for evacuations- '-in -Oc- 
tober or early November de r 
spite warning signals- that- an 
eruption ' was . imminent No 
chances were being taken this 
time. . 


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Jobless offered 
£20 weekly 
Incentive to take 
low-paid work 

By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 


ment is j 

rnmem's °L££. .The Job Stan scheme seeks to 

og long-term tinemSfoS five thc GnAn ? aJ /m™- 
» launched today with the 4? llu 2L t0 * e labour 

unemployed being offered a £20 IS??’ ^ 420 
top up" to their wages if they 5f, “* m ° nchs * » taxable 
take a job paying less than £8cfa ,W ^ not b®. counted for i 

wee\ J ^ ** u “ , “ u * employee or cmplo^tionai 
The Job Start scheme is to be IE? 1 ??® contributions. It wfl 1 
nrn in nine pilot areas foras^ P“ d Erectly »o the 

month trial period, but it is ind V ' dU ? **1, 11131 Ihe employer 
known that Lord Younc of ^k colleagues will not be 
Grafibam, Secretary of State for 3 ^f C °0 Gc cxlra Payment j 
Employme^^S* 6 £l S™** Park, Pay. 

officials to produce eariy moni- £2E£- f d ^ n,ghl; 

tonng results in the hope of . of long-term 

winning funds for extending the JL ^!S™ cn f confioed 
scheme tn the Budget. 8 ar f as of Jwtt general 

Under a package of measures. 1 U i ™Pl 0 l yrncnL Wherever they 
of which Job Start is* one < i° 8Cr p ? op l c 272 out of 

component, those who have tS® S" 8 ”" ,t . takes ***"1 » 
bten out or work for more than |f 10 ^ People “P 1 * W 
12 months will be called Into «¥», cn ' . 

Jobcentres in thc nine areas and J t0 he given 
offered a “menu" of^Sr- E* ed -' c £? fidence to compete 
tunities which includes a nlar* - . J °h® 11131 are becoming 

on the CommunilyProgramme ShS 1 * avaUat ! ,e - Now that 
or a ManpowVserric« 2® ^ 111 unemployment has 
Commission training scheme 5*?° ,he Government is 
support to go Sf-cmploy: JES? 'IFl P , riority 10 
mem under the Enteiprise « *u e ^ Iong ‘ U:nn 
Allowance Scheme or a n£L i!."i^?.! 0> ^ w ho will still have 


This sea-going steam yacht, be- 
lieved to be the oldest vessel of her 
type in the world, may he leaving 
Britain unless a buyer can be found 
(Gregory Neale writes). The S.Y. 

Caro la was built in 1898 at Scott’s 
shipyard at Bowling, on the Clyde. 
After 50 years as a family yacht, 
she was used during the Second - 
" orld War, bnt then became semi- 

Ailowancc Scheme or a pbccTn dSffw 1 - rT *?“ » ai have 
one of the new SS S?™ ,ty ,n fmdm 6 Jobs even as 
Jobclubs. ae,p the economy expands." 

The areas chosen for the m t „ „ 

pilots, which have a wide ranw T ,Iian <«her experiment by 

chosen to 
fight seat 

derelict. She was bought and 70ft 40-ton vessel is too large for 
restored by an enthusiast in the them. They want her to stay in 
1970s, and' is now berthed on the Britain and will sell the vessel for 
Beaulieu river at Bucklers Hard, half her valuation of about £275,000 
Hampshire, but her owners say the (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Accusation over honours 

By Stephen Goodwin 

The Prime Minister is likely any Prime Minister since Lloyd 
to tare renewed accusations of George, albeit in different 

pilots, which have a wide ranee ,7 '"another experiment by 
or unemployment rates, are S e , De P® rtmenl of Employ- 
Billingham (Cleveland). Dun- ™S n1, P Jot to collect 

dec, Ealing (west London) ,n ‘°rraauon of ethnic minority 
Huddersfield. Crawlev and ^'"Ptoyment statistics are to 
Horsham, Plymouth, P'ort Tal- ^ e _ v pl lace l ° r w “ks from 
bot and Neath, Preston and ?S? y , n Stockton-on Tees, 
Stok-e-on-Trem. Ministers are Heat J , f ( ?° ulh L °«- 

pushing for quick action to cut do "J ^Toxtath (Liverpool), 
thc total of more than I 3 cJH Pelcr r fotiornley. Under 
million people who have been ?J Sl3te for Employ- 

withoul a job for a }ear which . ?!? ^ '!>= 

By Anthony Bevins paymasters with knighthoods 
Political Correspondent AT 4 after publication 

\r- p„. »»■ n !oao> ol a new' book on thc 

v" 1 ' *$“* ? x : a honours system, 
supporter of the l rotskyist in Mrs Thatcher's first six 
militant Tendency, has years as Prime Minister. 11 
been, selected as Labour prv.atc sector industrialists 
candidate for the Conserxa- I given peerages. All. ac- 
tive-held marginal seat of i £ 5rc:r.g to the author. Mr John 
Bradford North. i ’* Va! ' r; cr.. directed companies 

rewarding her party’s industrial circumstances,” Mr Walker 
paymasters with knighthoods says. Honours-touting in the 

r«f 0yd income. There is, however, a 
requirement on companies to 
Walker detail in their accounts do- 

Warning oil 

Lloyd George era led to the 

nations of £250 or more. 

Of the 10 companies that 

Shows no signs of reducing in 5? pcn ” , « nl * would be 

the near future g discussions with unions and the 

All the long-term unem- h 0 " 1 ™ 5 ? 101 ? ^^cial Equality 
ploved in the areas are being 

to see whether ethnic monitor- 

invSicd into the Jobcentres for a IX.uJlSS?* 1 - extended 00 3 

two-hour counselling session to - r 

establish their need? and o H . c lhe_ information was 

establish their needs and, as a r ■ w ~~ — — 

first priority, see if they can be f ^J° b agenaes JO be 

placed in a full-time job. aG c 10 la ^ e account nf fh '* 

able to lake account of the 
needs of ethnic minorities. 

At a selection meeting in 
Bradford on Saturday night, 
he won 37 of the 65 votes 
cast. Dr Barry Seal, member 
of the European Parliament 
for West Yorkshire, and Mr 
Hilary Ben a, son of .Mr 
Tony Benn, were among the 

Suggestions that Mr 

supporting the Conservatives The book will reinforce Wknighth^dT 

2..d vt hicn toptner boosted claims by Labour that while the Top of the fist is the food and 
! “ nd f b >' ~J: 9 m,Ulon -. Government is trying to choke drinks company ^AlUed-Lyo?? 

25! r 'F K pven ^tbe flow of trade union funds which is said to have Sim 

k.-i^ . ^ oods. of whom, it is to the Labour Party, there is no £424.025. fo I9SI its ^thm 

“v;. rj. < ^ ue t c *f d co/TipMies such restriction on donations to chairman and chief executive 
va cnsavcin total £4 4 million the Conservatives from big the late Sfr Krith sSri^ 
Party funds. business, and that the benefec- was knighted. ^ 

1 1 _ P^'aic secior industrialists tors may be rewarded with The Queen Has: Been u„ 

■ ■ l 3 - c received knighthoods and ermine or a knighthood. John Walker CSccker & Warhn^T 

peeraces at a faster rate under Th- r nn .- M i; v , reosi '^5. “ wanmrg. 

passing of the Honours (Proven- gave the Con^^r^ 
tion of Abuses) Act m 1925. than £200 000 between 1970 
Mr Walker's book The Queen and Tiw! nine ^ thiL 
t ? een draws heavily according to Mr Walker's book, 
on the statistics of the trade had iheir boards of directors 
union-funded Labour Research honoured. Together the nine 
Department where Mr Walker companies nave £7 minion 
companies worked for five v^. SSFSShtfX £j!£d 

have received knighthoods and ermine of a kniahthood. 

Industry needs lesson in 
training, Sir Keith says 

British companies arc criti- 
cized by Sir Keith Joseph. 
Secretary of State for Education 

trained workforce, he told thc 
North of England conference m 
Huddersfield. “They may save 

MP’s query 
on ‘clearing’ 

?KvL Sc * cn ? : ' fbjJbiS w train money in the short term but 
J C ! r .f mp,oy ? !S -. Tb . c rcsu l t is lose markets later.” he said. 

that they are losing business to 
the Japanese. Americans and 
the rest of Europe. 

“Many go out of business.” 

Sir Keith said that a combi- 
nation of low investment in 

In -x f ■ . ■ , wi luvcsioicm in 

Kfilh ?i.rS?hi E Sir rascarah and development and 

Kalb turned his attenuon from training, and pay increases 

faille a? ^ ^ * Sea 

,, I"® 5 industry, he said could prove to be a suicide pact 
there was evidence that British between employers and cm- 
industry s lack of competitive- pfovees 

- Unke ^ 10 lhe faUurc of The Government could not 
f^ I ?l^ ,ieS J. ns,SI on a proper, y stand aside and ignore the 

trained workers. 

Inslead, British companies 
were content with an under- 

‘big guns’ 
join forces 

Con tinned from page 1 

Dugagc of Aerospatiale, and Dr 
Peter Ftchmuller, of the Ger- 
man MBB. 

• Mr Horae, in a letter said 
last night he found it “astonish- 
ing" that so far thc seven- 
member Westland board had 
refused all contact with the 
consortium preferring instead 
to try to thrash out comparable 
rescue terms with its favoured 
partners, Sikorsfcy-Fiat (Our 
Business Correspondent writes). 

Mr Horae said he hopes the 
board of Westland would meet 
members of his consortium 
before agreeing to recommend 
thc new Sikorsky-Fiat proposal 
to sharebodcra. 

“They have sat on our offer 
for two and a half weeks and 
have not discussed it with us 
once. It is only right that there 
should be a meeting, he said”. 

The proposed meeting would 
include senior executives of all 
five members of thc Anglo- 
European consortium, includ- 
ing thc chairmen and chief 
executives of GEC and British 
Aerospace. Mr James Prior. Sir 
Austin Pearce. Lord Weinstock 
and Sir Raymond Lygo. 

situation. The lack of competiti- 
veness of companies would, 
unless corrected, destroy jobs 

By Our Political 
Correspondent Mr Michael Jopling. Minister 

Mr Tara Dalyell. Labour MP of Afinculiure. yesterday denied 
for Linlithgow, yesferdav wrote rcpprtsoia rift be 
:o Sir Michael Havers, the ®" d i* - . 

V.:orne> General/ to "ask ‘' ,linisl ^ r for 
whether there were two scan- - at>oul res pom 
hards of justice over'lhe Of&ial-' counlr > slde **** 

; Sccreta Act. He described it ; 

i ir.c letter came after Scot- febricated by 
I :and 't ard detectives reported, scratching around 
that they have found no ... 
evidence that Mr Cecil Parkin-: 1 * IS nitnistiy w 

J opling denies rift 
with colleague 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Suggestions that Mr Pf^ 72 -” a ‘ 1 135,01 f 31 * 5 under The Conservative Party does £9.95). 
Wall’s selection wiil nm. I ><a!3arst Th3tc "e'' than under not disclose the sources of its 
rake a confrontation with ! -m 

! MP’S query Jonling d 

ETfiSSS^W Ion ‘clearing’ 

nation into Militant's con- \ n v • ® Wl I M TO 

trol of Liverpool, the parti's iC'Jirk'lflCinn TT 11,11 

national executive fans al- A 411 R * - v . 

ready endorsed Mr Da»e By Our Political By John Yoong, Agnc 

NellisL MP for Coventry Correspondent Mr Michael Jopling, Minister 

Jjouth East, and Mr Terry Mr Tara Dalvell. Labour MP of ^ .Agricidture, yesterday denied 
Fielns, MP for Liverpool for Lir.iithgow.'yesterdav wrote sports of a nft between himself 
Broad green, as candidates :o Michael Havers, the and Nlr V(diiam Waldegrave, 
for the election, in spite of ^f.onisy General.' to ask ™ Minister for fijvironment, 
their known support for whether there were two scan- - abou ‘ responsibility for 
Militant. -^'ds of justice overtbe Otficiaf counlr > sldc issues. 

Mr Geoffrey Lav.Ier. the ! „ , He described it as a silly story 

Conservative MP who took ! after ^hricated by journalists 

«he seat from Laboor with a ££ found" to scratchm e around fcr ^ 

nuyority of 1,602 votes, said: e^dence that* Mr Cecil Parkin-' ™inistiy was unable to 

“Voters will find Pat Wall son. the former Cabinet minis- - °. ,Ter convincing cxplana- 
as unacceptable as thev did ter. breached the Act llon , f ° r release at the 

at the last election”. in 4 Question of Judgement w ^f 4 ‘? r L d of * e . le3t . a .. so- 

page 10 
Letters, page It 

asserts that the interests off 

By Our Labour 

Senior Civil Servants could 
be appointed for their political 
beliefs bringing to an end 'the 
tradition of non-par tisan 
government officials, the muon 
representing top Civil Servants 
says today. 

The Association of First 
Division Civil Servants says 
that certain pests within 
government departments cnywM 
te identified as “political* 1 , 
contracts for the most senior 
staff canid be nude more 
flexible or . more political 
advisers could he appointed to 
shadow career adHiinfo tinf o rs. 

A booklet produced by the 
onion says: “At present OvQ 
Servants are employed fin* 
dispassionate, professional 
advice on policies and their own 
p olitica l beliefs are irrelevant. 
However a. future .government, 
especially one with radical 
policies, may require officials 
to be more highly 
Personally to the ‘success', of 
the policy.” 

The booklet is written by 

!2« f o r* f 2« bct ^*" himself the people who live and work 
and Mr W iliiam Waldegrave. j n the countryside are all 
the Munster for Environment, embedded in the policies of the 
about responsibility for Ministry of Agriculture. 

agriculture, conservation and off yoong Civil Servants and is 

He described it as a silly story 
febricated by journalists 
scratching around for news. 

His ministry was unable to 

in the countryside are all 
embedded in the policies of thc 
Ministry of Agriculture 

Interviewed on both radio 
and television yest e rday, he 
denied suggestions that he was 
angry at not being invited to 
address the conference, lhe 

tion for the release at the 
weekend of the text of a so- 

wn. the former Cabinet minis- - °. ,Ter convincing explana- release of his “speech" had 
ter. breached the Act *»on for the release at the nothing to do with it 

in .*) Question of Judgement °f 3 . so_ “William told me some 

Miss Sara Keays wrote on the l *E5 cch , byMr Jophn^ months ago that be had been 

i9o- Faiklands crisis that Mr .^ ffi dl ? 1 7 cri ? d invited”, he said. “rmSnhred 

Parxmscn had gone to see her [j® r *** * n official said he’s going and Fm sure hcwiD 

md had criticized the Prime ^SSSSLSS^ ^ 

it election”. i« .4 Question of Judgement ^5°“ ot °; a ,. so " 

Miss Sara Keavs wrote on the ‘T 6 ? speech” by Mr Jopling. 

l9 * 2 Faiklands crisis that Mr wh,ch bad not been delivered 
* Parkinson had gone to see her " l ? r # ^®l ,Id **• official said 

r S M J acd had criticized the Prime H 101 statement would have 
r*>. Minister. been a better description. 

?.\T- ■> .. rf ?*•/'* i'*” Recalling that Mr Clive 

ling that Mr Clive ti™;-. 
had been charged with of 
information which was Conference 

. . Mr Waldegrave's speech is 

Its tuning, almost on the eve entitled “Future impact on the 
of the annual Oxford Farming ™ral economy of environment- 

innfriPn/T ar tuhi/«k w. fat ivtaMn.#" *n.:_ .« 

Mr DaJve laskS Conference at which Mr ®1 concents". This is thc 
Waldegrave is to make the forueth year of the conference. 

Sir Michael whether he pro- 
pewd to do nothing about 
“discussions of thc war cabinet 
given to an unauthorized 
person within hours of their 
taking place." 

keynote speech tomorrow, is 

fortieth year of the conference; 
which carries conside rabl e 

being interpreted as a public Prestige and invariably attracts 
rebuke by a Cabinet Minister to ? lar B e audience of not only 

buke by a Cabinet Minister to ? “*8® audience of not only 
a junior colleague. fanner*, but industrialists, 

in hi. “n- n , j- i,'* m. 1- academics and overseas visi- 
in his speech , Mr Jopling tors. 

Police spending to rise 
by 8% in 1986-87 

designed as a careers guide to 
the Civil Service. It is intended 
to give a 'candid guide- of life 
a? a government official _\ 

; It argues that changing the 
non-poutical stance of due Civil 
Service would make it less of a 
long-ter m career and would 
require easier mobility out 
the service at lower levels 
when political views could be 
judged unacceptable by an 
jTbe '.anthors also raise the 

I controversial question of Civil 

Servants’ responsibilities and ■ 
point oat that with no written I 
code of ethics, a Cfvfl Servant 
is left as “prey to bis own 
frars and vague ‘professional 
standards - n . 

A m ove toward more open 
gover nment , is also suggested 

tte Official Secrets Act is now 
bring used to prosecute people 
who make embarrassing 
c ^ snr *» even If they have little' 
to do with national security. 

may put 
up ‘dummy’ 

From Sidurd F«d 

Unionist leaders are con- 
sidering nominating a “dum- 
my” candidate with thc name of 
Mr Peter Barry, the Irish 
Republic’s 'Minister for Foreign 

I Affairs, in up to frve constitu- 
encies where “loyalist" ■ -poli- 
ticians may be unopposed tn 
this mohfb's elections. 

' The 1 nominees will change 
their- name by deed poll 10 
“Pieter Barry” and appear as 
token candidates on ballot 
papers in a number of seats. 
Such is the dislike of Mr Barrv 
in his role as joint chairman of 
the Anglo-Irish ministerial con- 
ference that Unionists may be 
forced to persuade English 
people to change names as it is 
thought .few loyalists would be 
prepared to be named after the 
southern Irish, politician. 

Another name being can- 
vassed for the “dummy” candi- 
date is Margaret - Thatcher 
although there is opposition to 
this tactic as it is feared it could 
Abound on Unionists and 
iamage still further their cause 
n the mainland. 

The need for a . token 
andidate .ro several of the 15 
onstituencies where elections 
rill take place on January 23 is 
iccause, without opponents, the 
c turning officer would declare 
ingoing Unionist MPs as re- 
Iccted without any votes being 
asL This would rob Unionists 
f the wide mandate they are 
ieking for their opposition to 
te Anglo-Irish agreement. 
Unionist leaders are to 
consider the tactic of street 
rousts against the Anglo-Irish 
greement after mob violence at 
weekend rally in which 26 
Qlicemen were injured and two 
UC vehicles burnt. 

Moderate Unionists are al- 
ady alarmed at the appear- 
tce of masked youths and 
riimteens from the Ulster 
efence Assodaiton and thc 
nlawed Ulster Volunteer 
hoc at the rally. 

Unionist leaders condemned 
5 violence, in which three 
nests were made when a mob 
irmed the gate leading to the . 
tiding housing the secretar- 
e. One policeman is still in 
spital with serious fecial 

Meanwhile, Mr Barry yester- 
f described as “ minimal "' 
mges in the Emergency 
(visions Act allowing for a 
urh of trial by jury for certain 
snees including firearms, 
napping, false imprisonment 
I malicious damage, where 
re is no paramilitary in- 
vement, which are expected 
be announced by the 
verament next week, 
t third Roman Catholic, the 
i “for 14 years, is to be 
mated to the Northern 
and High Court bench. Mr 
shad Nicholson, QC, will 
« the number of judges on 
bench to 10. 

•Mr Barry yesterday called for 
.an end to the “supergrass” 
sy«em in Northern Ireland, and 
said his government wanted 
terrorists tried by three judges 
and not one in the non-jury 
Lhplock courts. 

TheTimes overseas selling prices 

SJWffiS.® “V * 0 :, Canada 


i H 
• * 
m l w i- « 

v o f 1 0 


jf 1 '. 


leciive a 
[tin e\ii 

r .ic Home Office has inad- 

ra* } % --aruy given foe police a new officers are to be recruited by 
1 - s= * ir ^prisc: instead of a rise in March 1987 to regional crime 
9 expenditure of 6 per squads for work on drug 


t cer: :s cash terms in 1986-87. 
, t are to receive 8 per cent . . . 
; vr. :r. real terms, a 3 per cent 

7. trafficking offences. 

n| • Four crown courts, at 
Birmingham. Bristol. Maid- 

Countrywide birdwatch 

Daniel Stevens, aged three, of 
Tavistock. Devon.' was one or 
Ibe younger participants yes- 
terday in Birdwatcb UK86, 
which its organizers, the RovaJ 
Society for the Protection of 
Birds and the Wildfowl Trust, 
described as the biggest such 
event to take place in Britain. 

Daniel and bis father. Pbfl. 

^ * f wtvil I ■ ' ---- reply to a parliamentary llTne 

. . . • ;-=si*.3r. It. Mr Gerald Kauf- In * s 

are washing 3 kinrilshcr at The Ttar. Labour spokesman, nn thM 

■r. b> Mr Gerald Kauf- In * s - Magistrates' courts in 
Labour spokesman on areas have already started 

Radford Park and How Lake i affairs. ' un tests, 

% t ,bc Panned expenditure on the tended to speed trials’ aSi 

° rkEe> * i * 19S6 “ S7 ' to be reduce penodsTn 

Mtohlished reserves, town punched soon in the Public 

parks, takes and walks were . expenditure WTiiir Paper 1986. Under the Prosecution of 

CODSen. I 'A-.I, T.M J n>> nim fl ntr . •nor , ... . “ 

South Africa is MPs’ choice 

wai *s were Expenditure WTiiie Paper 1986. Under the Prosecution of 

cboxn ‘ » S« v ra as £3,060 Offences Act 1985 (although not 

. a -m m ^ under the initial experiments). 

Iri" n|| Al AA c 7“ ZJ ^ on *> ^ go, towards the accused most be released on 

S CH01C6 :n r vmn u pollcc *"“* ,f 3 dme Ktoi* for custody 

and ex PF a . and if an overall limit 

indent ,.vjj l.. *ro-j 164.600 at the expires, the accused is treated as 

5* **- » ro».- ^r^srsisrss 

VIPs in June, and another ! “ ukely that uniformed limits have been set for either 

Conservative M? was sjws- { stiengti* go up by Southwark or Maidstone* in 

snrnH hv 1 Mro«- D nn .i. _i_ r_ _ i i uTrfl n- ■ . kwuv, in 

Bv Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Southern Africa was the Robert Banks, Harrogate; Mr Paris 
most popular destination for David Sevan. Birmingham MPs 
MPs travelling on sponsored Yardley; Mr Michael Brown. Consei 
visits last year, according to the Bri Sg and Cleethorpes; Mr sored! 

visits last year, according to the 
Commons Register of Members' 

An analysis carried out by 
The Times shows that at least 
14 Conservative MPs went to 
South Africa and Namibia last 
.'■car, with part of their 
expenses paid by the South 
African government or other 
local administrations. 

The next most popular 
destination was thc United 
States, rished by at least 11 
sponsored MPs; Israel, Japan, 
Cyprus and Hong Kong were 
each risited by at least five 
sponsored MPs. 

Other destinations for the 
Commons globetrotters in- 
cluded China, Australia, BrazU, 
Sri Lanka. Nicaragua, Turkey, 
Qatar* Taiwan, Indonesia ami 

The MPs who visited 
southern Africa were Robert 
Adley, Christchurch:. Mr 

extra money will go towards 
a* increase in overall police 
mar power. uniformed and 

George Gardiner, Reigate; Mr 
Michael Knowles, Nottingham 
East; Mr John Rath bone, 
Uwes; Mr William Shelton. 
Streatham; Sir Dudley Smith. 
Warwick and Leamington; Mr 
Peter Vjggers, Gosport; Mr 
Jerry Wiggm, Weston-super- 
Mare; Mr Nicholas Wlnterton, 
Macclesfield, and Mrs Ann 
Wlnterton, Congleton, who 
visited South Africa together a 
year ago, after Mr W'interton 
had been on separate visit to 
Namibia. Mr and Mrs Winter- 
ton also risited Turkey together 
in July as the joint guests of the 
Sabanci Holdings Group. 

A trend towards private 
company sponsorship of MPs* 
travel emerges from last year's 
registrations. Most freelance 
parliamentary travel is spon- 
by governments or 
airlines, but British Aerospace 
sponsored short visits to the 

sored by Abbey Panels pk for a 
two-da v visit to tfcc show. 

| aoc”*. T ,'7*00. 

! Uniformed 

Birmingham or Bristol, there 
civilian will be a 182-day limit for those 

Mr Shelton, one of tfc-wc jT' 3 f|p°’ A2r has risen by 13.000 awaiting trial or lwli 
i® risited Namibia, was at*rs * The police which an arraisnment. arorm^t 

who visited Namibia, was also 'i a y : Tl5c police 

one of five MPs Who rcti: to ”*v -: ?“ 1 r.5 n! 3a England and 
Japan, but be aDBears ra h* :s <-2,400 

Japan, but be appears to he the * * s '“->'*^0 n 

only one »ho was sponsored by . . — 

a . company. . the Matsushita f7* g j» 1 * _ 

Hogg, Coasen^itive righting chess wins day 

Jmte asfoe guesf ofthe”] sSk B} Harry Golombek, Chess Correspondent 

irf Naples. Jxraes Flasket l the 'oung u mm mm n ^ n^n 

But one of the most ucnsual E"S*;sh sratidmaster. showed S oSf 1 £2 2 S5J £SP 

entries in the latest prist-out of c:? 3-”*- combative ability to 21 
the Register, which is to be a brilliasl game against § 
published again next month, is ^ 3e:!oa in ‘Jie seventh V 
that of Mr John Cummer, the 1 round of the Hastings Premier 5 
Minister of State for Agrica- j Cress Tountumenu 
tore. White J. Pbukett, 6k»ck J, M. 

It would appear that w Idle he Belton S* 

wtuen an arraignment, acquittal 
or formal extension wiU he 

c;5 combative ability to »» mm a cmq nm 
•» zs a briffiaal game against gg ^ StS £21 

J. V- 3=-!o= .□ -J« ssienth |S? S? 2 Sg S 


Minister or State for Agrica- 

It would appear that while he 
was chairman of thc Conserva- 
tive Party, he risited thc United 
Stales in November 1984 
“under the auspices of the 
Democratic Party to view the 
.American election". 

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Building society deposhois,- 
who usually withdraw cash to 
pay for Christmas • shopping, 
made a late rash to deposit 
money in the last week of 1985, 
helping to make December an 
unexpected -record month for 
the societies. 

Provisional figures from the 
building societies suggest' they' 
raised a net £1.5 Whan. About 
£700 -million of this came from 
floating bonds and certificates 
of deposit on the money 
markets. But savers contributed 

£800^miliionrar much as the 
societies, expect to .raise in a 
normal, monfo. -Net receipts in 
November were £638 million. 

’ irthe trend.continues, it will 
revive hopes of an earty cut in 
mortgage rates, whidi until now 

had not/ been expected for 
several months. Winter is. the 
low season- for mortgages, so 
much of the new. money w3J 
boost -the societies’ 1 cash 

'kets. But savers contributed Building Society managers 

Abbey National offers 
retirement to over-50s 

The Abbey National, Bri- 
tain’s second biggest building 
society, has inaugurated an 
early retireme n t scheme for 
branch manager* and other 
middle managers aged over SO. ; 

Large numbers of manage- 
ment trainees, were recruited in 
. the late sixties and early 
seventies; the building society 
therefore has .a “bnlge” of 
junior and middle managers in 
their late thirties and early 
forties, and wants to pr o m ote 
more of them. 

The move is semi in part as a 
preparation for the challenges 
that will- be posed by the new 
powers to sell insurance uncon- 
nected with house purchase, 
and to offer more credit. Local 

managers .-wH). bring ia new 
business although new special- 
ists will handle such matters as . 
unsecured tending. 

In the past two months, more " 
n«n 100 managers approach- 
ing or already over SO have 
been sent letters inviting them 
to discuss terms mth a 
personnel counsellor if- they 
want to retire before the normal 
age .of 60. Those who opt for 
early retirement'ieceive a cash 
sum and are Ekely to he able to 
receive pensidas slightly early. 

An Abbey spokesman said 
yesterday that a few middle 
managers in their nnd~56s had 
already taken up the offer, but 
there- was ho question of the 
society attempting to get rid of 
the over-50s. 

-are' -unsure why- December 
turned out so well for them, 
especially as there appears to 
have been a boom in nigh street 
spending. About £100 million, 
roughly the size of (he unexpec- 
ted boost, could have come 
-.from investors who failed in the 
“rush for shares in Laura Ashley, 
and put their money back on 
.deposit .- 

r' Preparations by banks for 
'increased . competition with 
v building societies,- when the new 
Bill -to extend their lending 
powers passes through - Pari La- 
ment, could ironically have 
helped the societies in the short- 
term. Leading banks no longer 
require customers ' to keep 
balances' of £100 or more to 
enjoy free. banking, and cus- 
tomers may have switched 
some deposits to earn extra! 

Under the terms of tbe 
Building Societies Bill, societies 
will/ be able to offer a limited 
amount of consumer finance at 
more attractive rales than 
presently offered by tbe banks, 
m addition ' to - normal home- 
mortgage lending. A new study 
by CapcJ-Cure Myers, the City 
-stockbroker, suggests that 
competition between banks and 
societies is likely to sustain the 
consumer spending boom 
through to tbe next general 
election. The brokers estimate 
that the societies will have 
about £11 billion available for 
consumer lending. 

Adultery low on divorce list 

Only one woman in 10 
believes adultery is a justifiable 
main reason for divorce, ac- 
cording to a magazine survey. 
Even those who think infid elity 
by either partner is sufficient 
grounds also befive that the 
marriage should be ended only 
if it has already broken down 
irretrievably. : 

The ' survey, in Options 
magazine, suggests that 43 per 
cent of its readers regard 
physical cruelty lo chOdren- as 
the most justifiable reason for 
divorce. Physical cruelty to the 
spouse came second. - 

Sexual incompatibility and 
InabBity to have diBdren were 
not given , a significant rating; 

Detective denies any 
part in exile’s death 

By Stewart Tcndlen Crime Reporter 

A British private detective 
working for the Seychelles 
government yesterday denied 
any part in the murder of a 
Seychelles political exile, and 
questioned police raids on his 
offices!' ' ' ' " V ' 

Mr Ian .Withers, a security 
consultant for the Seychelles 
government, said he had kept a 
watching brief on Gerard 
Hoarau, who was killed by 
machine-gun fire m a north 
London suburb last November, 
and other exiles Fora long time, 
but there was “no serious 

At the time of the shooting 
Mr Withers was in the 
Seychelles where he has re- 
mained working. He said as 
soon as he beard of the 
shooting he offered his help to 
tbe British High Commissioner 
and the London police. His 
solicitor was told that the 
police did not want to inter- 
view Mr Withers. 

But his offices in Hove, 

Sussex, and Belfast were 
searched before Christmas. A 
secretary, aged 21, who was 
working for Mr Withers at 
Hove;., was held- under the 
Prevention /of Terrorism Act 
fqrfdurdays. *■ 

' \ Mr Withers said: “As-sbon . 
as T have . completed my 
business -here I intend, subject . 
to my solicitor’s advice; to 
cpme home. Hopefully, he 
would meet me in London and 
if they want to interview me I 
hope we will be able to do it in. j 
a;finrly civilized way, such as 
eo along and see'- what they', 
want.” . . ■ ’ . ‘ . , 

- Today MrWitbere's solicitor 
isrto make a flesh approach to 
Scotland Yard to arrange an 
interview - when the private . 
detective returns to Britain. 

Mr Wilbers said: “What we . 
are afraid is they might grab 
me qff the’ plane and lock me 
up "under .the Prevention of 
Terrorism Acl” . 

there is more risk o 
attack, the TUC says. 

Avalanche wanting to skiers 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 
Mountain experts in. - Scot- 
land said in Switzerland warned 
skiers - and" climbers yesterday 
that many more serious ava- 
lanches are likely in the next , 
few days. i • 

The .deaths of twp^cfimbeTS 
in Glencoe yesterday brought 
the number of deaths in 
avalanches in Britain and. the 
Alps to 15 ia less than a week. 

Safety officers . and rescue 
team leaders are worried that 
the ski season will bring moire 
deaths -from avalanches than in 
previous years because of a Mg 
increase in the number of 
people skiing off-piste In more 
dangerous conditions. 
Avalanches are notoriously 

unpredictable - and occur 
through changed in wind, 
temperature and snowfall. At 
least 37 people were killed by 
them in the Alps last year, with 
40 deaths In 1984 and 28 the 
year before. 

The most common are slab 

Percentage chance 
"of a turned victim 
80 | being found 
A alive 

llOminsIhr 2hrs 3hrs 4hra | 

safe but .are. liable to fracture 
without warning across .the 
entire width of such slopes. 

Such massive slides may be 
. triggered by rises in tempera- 
ture,- fresh snowfalls or die 
intrusion of skiers or dimbers. 

New snow on a hard base can 
cat&e an - avalanche when its 
weight becomes too great for its 
grip on mountainsides. Cold, 

alcoholism and money difficult- 
ies were also considered minor 

-But 59 per cent of those 
svrveyed believed it was a good 
thing that divorce had been 
made easier, and 46 per cent 
felt the women’s movement and 
insistence on women’s rights 
had been “hard” on marriage. 

Fears for 
women on 
night work 

Attacks on women at night 
could increase substantially if 
the Government goes ahead : 
with plans affecting night work, . 
the TUC claims. 

- .The TUC wants to meet Mr 
‘Peter Bottomley, Linder Sec- 
retary of . State at the Depart- 
ment of Employment, to tell 
him of the serious physical 
danger women could free if the 
; Government flits legal Emits on 
night work. 

Mr Bottomley has already 
told the TUC that, as part of its 
overhaul of the Sex Descrimina- 
■tion Act, the Government 
intends to scrap part of the 
Factory Act which severely 
linuts the kind of night work 
women can undertake. 

This could lead to many 
employers forcing women to 
work at night and many more 
women having to travel to and 
from work alone at night, when 
there is more risk of physical 

by winds blowing falling snow 
on to a leeward sieve of older 
harder 'snow. Most of them in 
Europe occur on north- and 
east-focing slopes. They pro- 
duce new surfaces which look 

powder-snow avalancfees, 
which t-an reach speeds of 
120mph and ore most likely to 
cause death by asphyxiation. 

Wet-snow avalanches are 
most Kkely to happen later in 


1 Slab avalanche: A 
traverse by a skier 
can fracture across a 
slope, releasing . 
blocks of snow., 
Te.nperature rises or 
new show are other 

2 Loose snow 
avalanche: Starts 

from a single point, 

often beneath rocks, 
snow can be wet or 
dry and slides ' 

. usually come after a 

3 Powder snow 
avalanche: Comes 
after heavy fells of 
fine snow instill 
weather, on a hard, 
base. The weight, 
provokes slides and 
do tiffs of snow. 





M3hiEM 7T1 iTj t |T- J W t ; iT« r<Jt ■ E- V* Ti f# Vi ^ J 1 M H W f J <(0 t 1 ‘ I tfOl iTj l.-j ftlH 

Work starts to restore 
part of Mary Rose 

• By Amanda Haigh 

Restoration work on the 
wreck of the Mary Rose begins 
this month which will create 
‘'an outsize cutaway model of 
the Tudor ship”. 

In a three-year project about 
800 limbers which- were re- 
moved from the hull during the 
years of underwater excavation 
will be restored to their original 

Mr Arthur Rogers, spokes- 
man for the Mary Rose Trust, 
said: “Visitors to onr new 
galleries in the dry dock in 

Portsmouth will be able to look 
over the shoulders of the 
archaeologists as construction 
work goes on”. 

Tbe masts have not been 
recovered and only half the ship 
can be restored as much of the 
port side was lost during the 
four centuries she lay on the sea 
bed. But the reconstruction 
work on tbe starboard side will 
result in what the trust’s 
museum director. Mr Richard 
Harrison, describes as “an 
outsize cutaway model.” 

MoD inquiry into 
break-in at 
submarine base 

The Ministry of Defence has , 
ordered a full inquiry into an . 
incident in which three people 
dressed in Sauta Claus outfits 
walked on to two submarines at 
a top security Navy base, early 
on Christmas Day. 

The incident took place at 
Faslane. on the Clyde, which is 
to house Britain's Trident 
missile fleet. Two men and a 
woman were arrested 
The three arrested were 
charged under local by-laws and 
released, and are expected to 
appear at Dumbarton Sheriff 

\a rifl-ViT O 


By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

The British and French 
Governments have reached an 
impasse over attempts to agree 
a scheme for the proposed 
multi-billion pound fixed Chan- 
nel fink, with the British keen to 
find a road and rail solution hut 
the French content with a rail- 
oniy link. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley. Sec- 
retary of State, will nicci his 
French equivalent. M lean 
Auroux. in Paris tomorrow in 
an attempt to resolve the two 
countries' differences on the 

The two governments still 
hope to reach a firm decision on 
which of the four fixed-link 
proposals lo adopt by the time 
of Mrs Thatcher's promised 
visit to Lille on January 20. 

The British Department of 
Transport has expressed a 
strong preference for the road 
and rail four-bore tunnel 
scheme proposed by Channel 
Expressway as the best compro- 
mise solution. 

However, this scheme has 
run into considerable oppo- 
sition in France because of the 
low level of French partici- 
pation in both its proposed 
financing and construction. The 
French also believe that the 
scheme, which is the cheapest of 
the four options, has been 
undcrcostcd at £2. 1 billion. 

The French government is 
believed to favour the £2.3 
billion twin-bore rail scheme 
proposed by Channel Tunnel 
Group. This proposal was also 
favoured as the most practical 
of the four, both on economic 
and technical grounds, in a 
recent joint report by officials of 
both countries. 

But this scheme falls short of 
British aspirations for a road as 
well as a rail link. Under the 
CTG scheme, cars would be 
transported through the tunnel 
in rail shuttles. 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Big industrial companies are 
being asked to invite schools 
and families to visit their plants 
and to be prepared to fond 
more students studying engin- 
eering at- college and university 
as pan of a concerted national 
campaign tn change the public’s 
view of manufacturing, and 
make it more popular. 

According to the organizers 
of the campaign which is part of 
Industry Year 1986 to be 
launched next week, the public 
has a low opinion of manufac- 
turing industry. 

"This is the fundamental 
cause of our relative industrial 

decline and is something which 
alone sets us apart from our 
competitors. Engineering par- 
ticularly suffers from Ibis low 
esteem. What is vital now is to 
Lake concerted action to change 
attitudes and perceptions." 

The campaign is the work of 
the combined energies of the 
Engineering Council, the pro- 
fessional engineering insti- 
tutions. the Engineering Em- 
ployers' Federation, the Engin- 
eering Industry Training Board 
and the Women's Engineering 

The campaign's working 
party tries to lift the public's 
awareness in a booklet pub- 
lished today. The pamphleL 
Take Action far Engineering 
outlines what should be done to 
change outdaicd attitudes. 

Bamber will 

Mr Jeremy Bam be r. aged 24. 
who is in Norwich prison 
awaiting Inal for murder, has 
been left the bulk of the 
£229.790 estate of his adoptive 
mother, fvlrs June Bamber of 
Whitehouse Farm. Tolleshurst 
D'Ancy. Essex, one of his 
alleged victims who was found 
dead at her home with her 
husband, daughter and twin 
grandsons last August. 

Other wills, page 12 

Every address 
ill the U.K. has 


/ J 

yv 1 

winter and on south-facing 
slopes, because of sharp 
temperature rises towards 

■ “Avalanches are extremely 
difficult to predict. That is what 
makes them so dangerous,’' Mr 
Peter ClifL leader of the 
Gdrngenn Mountain Rescue 
Team said yesterday. 

Mr CKff, author of a book on 
jmoaBiain navigation and an 
Alpine guide, said it was alwost 
. impossible to be certain that , 
any snow slope was safe. 

He died the avalanche death 
on New Year's Day of a climber 
in tire Cairngorms who had 
safely descended the sl ope th e 
previous day and had returned 
to look for a lost ice hammer. 

“It is particularly worrying 
that more people are siding off- 
piste than ever before and 
putting themselves more at 
risk,” Mr Cliff said, 

“For their own preservation. 

a' ’very serious interest in 
avalanches. Anyone skiing off- 
piste regularly must expect to 

be avalanched eventually.” 

Strong winds and snowfalls 
in Scotland in recent days have 
increased, the avalanche risk, 
he said. In Davos, Switzerland, 
-the Avalanche Institute issued 
a similar warning yesterday. 

Two Swedish skiers woe 
killed in Verhier, Switzerland, 
on Saturday after skflng into an 
area whidi was cordoned off 
because of the danger of snow 

avalanche winch engulfed 

The officials in Davos said 
off-piste skiing in the areas 
Of deep snow away from the 
main runs could cause new 
avalanches. Six other skiers in 
Switzerland have been killed in 
the past seek, three have died 
in the Italian Alps, and one tat 
. France. 

Snow reports, -Eage 20 

if* i..: ‘ V 

rV -ft !••->>- 3 **:-’“ 

'm nmz 

I • •* • • . r V irt 4 


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Acas standing by 
for talks with 
teachers’ unions 
and employers 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

The two sides in the teachers' teachers' panel with the help of 
pay dispute are meeting separa- the smaller unions, is gloomy 
teiy in London this week to about the Acas intrtiative. 

discuss going to arbitration or 


It is understood that the 
Advisory, Conciliation and 
Arbitration Service (Acas) will 
hr standing by tomorrow 
afternoon to have talks with the 
teachers' unions after their 

Schools reopen today when 
the dispute will be 1 1 months 
old. Even if the unions take up 
the Acas offer of exploratory 
talks, the dispute is expected to 
go on at least until the end of 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary of 
State for Education and Science, 
repealed at the weekend that 
there would be no more money 
for teachers unless they agreed 
to reforms in their contracts. He 
has set aside £1.23 billion for 
new promotion prospects on 
condition that progress is made 
towards a "dear definition of 
the range of teachers' duties, 
linked to their contracts of 

A total of £50 million of that 
money has been released to 
provide lunchtime supervisors 
in schools, but Sir Keith said: “l 
must make it clear again that 
the Government is not willing 
to release any more of that 
£1.25 billion except on the 
conditions stated, and that the 
Government is not willing to 
increase the resources available 
to local education authorities in 
1985-86 to help meet the cost of 
any pay sertl-ment”. 

The teachers' unions are 
likely to accept the Acas offer of 
talks, if only for public relations 
reasons. The gap between the 
two sides remains substantial; 




the employers have informally 

offered 6.9 per cent, staged so 
that teachers get 7.5 per cent by 
the end of March. 

The unions want to increase 
the end-of-year element, and 
last month asked for 9.9 per 
cent. The employers, who meet 
on Wednesday, say they cannot 
raise the offer without help 
from the Government. This is 
forthcoming only on the con- 
ditions Sir Keith has specified, 
but employers and unions have 
shelved these longer-term issues 
until next year’s pay round 

Mr Fred Smithies, general 
secretary of the National 
Association of Schoolmasters/ 
Union of Women Teachers, 
which is able to control the 

If Acas bad waited the two 
sides would have been able to 
have further talks and might 
have made progress, he said. 

Acas his a number 
options. It could propose 
arbitration, possibly outside the 
Burnham co mmi ttee mach in 
ery. It could also propose that if 
the two sides settle, a tribunal 
be established to look 
the long-term difficulties 
pay structure, contract and 

Alternatively, Acas can 
mount its own inquiry 
although, at the end. it would be 
confronted with the same 
question of what to do about 
teachers' pay. 

Mr David Hart, general 
secretary of the National 
Association of Head Teachers 
and secretary of the Burnham 
committee, said that the 
teachers should opt for Acas. 

“The prospects for the new 
term are so horrendous in terms 
of continued disruption that we 
have to explore every avenue” 
he said. “Otherwise the public 
will not forgive the teachers.” 

In a new year message to 
teachers today, Mr Fred Jarvis, 
general secretary of the 
National Union of Teachers 
reiterates that there will be 
no lasting peace until the 
employers and the Government 
give a firm committment to 
restore pay to 1974 levels. 

The NUT and the NAS/ 
UWT meet tonight to try to 
overcome their differences. The 
NUT wants a definititve solu 
lion to pay this pay round, 
while the NAS/UWT is pre- 
pared to go for an interim 
settlement, and restore • pay- 

0 In Scotland, where the 
dispute has been in progress 
longer, the battle for an 
independent pay review con- 
tinues with further strikes this 

The Educational Institute of 
Scotland, the main teaching 
union, will announce today 
strikes in Abericldy, Tayside: 
Broxburn and Falkirk, Lothian; 
Helensburgh and Shons. 
Strathclyde; and Stonehaven. 
Grampian, involving 730 
teachers and affecting 15,000 
pupils. The action marks the 
end of a one-month temporary 

CBI’s ‘pay 

By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 

Company profits and the 
salaries of senior executives 
have risen at a faster rate than 
the pay of their employees, 
according to a report pubtichsed 
today which also accuses the 
Confederation of British Indus- 
try of "hypocrisy” in calling for 
lower wage settlements. 

The report, by Mr John 
Hughes, principle of Ruskin 
College Oxford, for the Trade 
Union Research Unit, says that 
the “nowt for nowt” call by Sir 
Terence Beckett, the director 
general at the confederation’s 
conference in Harrogate was an 
attempt to reduce the issues of 
incomes distribution “to a 
slogan couched in a supposed 
Yorkshire dialect." 

Mr Hughes advances the 
argument that pay is being 
pulled from the top by large 
increases at the top of the scales 
rather than being pushed up 
from below. 

“There are a number of 
worrying features emerging in 
the handling of remuneration 
and rewards of business execu- 
tives sufficiently so as to make 
them the last people who should 
seek to lecture other groups on 
their acquisitive instincts.” the 
report says. 

It stales the dividends of 
ordinary shares of industrial 
and commercial companies rose 
by 68 per cent between 1981 
and 1584. Chief executives of 

the largest companies had on 
average 16 per cent pay 
increases in 1984 and incentive 
payments to those senior 
executives increased by 184 per 
cent in the year to October 

Mr Hughes says that while 
real gross trading profits rose by 
45 per cent between 1981 and 
1 984. the real pay of employees 
increased by at best 2 per cent, 
and claims that the big rise in 
profits had been achieved by 
companies rcmoing workers 
“cn mass” from their pay bills. 

Mr Hughes is also critical of 
companies' unwillingness to 
invest increased profits and 
records that manufacturing 
investment between 1981 and 
1 984 fell short of renewing 
productive assets by £5.5 

Mr Hughes points out that it 
is a normal feature of the 
business cycle that in a period 
of “upswing” the employment 
share of income in national 
product falls and profits rise. 
“So a degree of disproportion is 
to be expected, but in the 1980s 
we are looking at massive 
changes packed into a short 
period of time,” he says. 

Economic Appraisal .Vo 41 (Trade 
Union Research Unit, 23 Worcester 
Place, Oxford OX 1 2JW). 

Ion shield 
for VDU 

A compact device that could 
reduce the potential hazards of 
visual display units has been 
developed in Britain. 

The device, not much bigger 
than two cigarette packets, has a 
rotating blade that creates an 
invisible ion shield between the 
VDU screen and the operator. 

It is called an Ion Drive, and 
is the first of a new generation 
of negative ion generators 
which clears the air of dust, 
smoke and germs by giving out 
a negative electrical charge. 

Research has shown that 
VDU screens can attract harm- 
ful airborne panicles and burl 
them rapidly at the operator, 
possibly causing blurred vision, 
conjunctivitis, head, neck and 
back aches, nausea and irrita- 

A spokesman for the London 
Ioniser Centre said: “The 
device is not claimed to be the 
answer to the potential ■ prob- 
lems caused by continual 
exposure to VDUs, but it has 
proved effective and could soon 
become a familiar feature of any 
environment where screens are 
in use”. 

Coroner’s order 
on Phil Lynott 

A post-mortem examination 
is to be carried out today on 
Phil Lynott, the former Thin 
Lizzy vocalist, who died aged 35 
on Saturday. 

Mr John Elgar, the Wiltshire 
coroner, ordered the examin- 
ation to help him decide 
whether to bold an inquest. 
Lynott died after 1 1 days in 
Salisbury Infirmary’s intensive 
care unit, where he had been 
transferred after treatment in a 
clinic specializing in drink and 
drug addiction. 

Obituaries, page 12 

Hugh Thomas 
sues journalist 

Lord Thomas of Swynnerton. 
the author and historian Hugh 
Thomas, has taken out a writ in 
the High Court against Mr 
Peregrine Worsthome, associate 
editor of the Sunday Telegraph, 
over an item in his diary 
column in The Spectator on 
December 14. 

Lord Thomas, aged 54, is 
chairman of the Centre for 
Policy Studies. He claims 
damages for libel from the 
magazine's publishers and from 

Airport patrolled 

Armed troops were at Heath- 
row Airport again yesterday as 
the joint police/Anny anti-ter- 
rorist exercise, code-named 
eration Trustee, entered its 

Brigadier Minnaar Fonrie. Chief of Staff of die South African Army’s Far North Command, at the scene of the mined track in which two white? died 

Concrete evidence lacking, but . . . 

Gunmen passports link Gadaffi 
regime to airports massacre 

By Oar Foreign Staff 

Despite considerable sabre- 
rattling by Israel and the United 
States towards Libya, there is 
still a lack of public evidence 
implicating Colonel Gadaffi in 
the terrorist atrocities at Rome 
and Vienna airports. 

The strongest link publicly 
revealed is the discovery that 
the Tunisian passports carried 
by three of the Vienna terrorists 
had originally gone missing in 

According to the T unisian 
Ministry of the Interior, two of 
the passports were confiscated 
by Tripoli from Tunisians 
expelled from Libya last sum- 
men the third was reported lost 
or stolen as long ago as 1977 by 
a Tunisian in Libya. 

Those details were repeated 
by an unnamed senior Vienna 
policeman to the German 

Sunday paper Well an Sonntag 


yesterday, who said that 
was now “clearly implicated 
the terrorist attacks. 

“Until now we could only 
speculate on his involvement, 
but this new evidence dearly 
implicates Libya”, he said. 

Five thousand Tunisians 
were expelled recently from 
Libya for refusing to adopt 
Libyan citizenship, and in many 
cases their passports were 

The Vienna Government 
enjoys normal and on the whole 
friendly relations with the 
Gadaffi regime, and although 
the Austrian Minister of the 
Interior, Herr Karl Blecha, 
criticized Libya last week for 

having issued shortly after the 
airport attacks a statement 
praising the terrorists, Austrian 
minister has been prepared 
officially to point an accusing 
finger at Gadaffi. - 

The Reagan Administration 's 
evidence of Libyan involve- 
ment is sketchy and circumstan- 
tial and leading senators 
complained yesterday that they 
had not been able to find “the 
smoking gun” in Colonel 
Gadaffi’s hands. 

But US officials say they are 
sure that intelligence infor- 
mation, public pronouncements 
by the Libyan leader and the 
movements of known terrorists 
all point to Abu Nidal having 
received a “safe haven, money, 
logistical support and encour- 
agement” from Libya. 

US intelligence has kept . a 
close watch on Abu Nidal and 
although no-one has reported 
seeing him receive money from 
Libya, Washington intelligence 
sources are certain- of the 
financial link with Tripoli. 

President Reagan’s direct 
accusations are perhaps' more 
political and rhetorical 
based on firm knowledge. A 
State Department analyst says 
that Gadaffi is notoriously 
difficult to pin down, and 
Senator Patrick Leahy, chair- 
man of the Senate intelligence 
committee, said H was difficult 
to deal with a man like Gadaffi 
who. was . prepared to tell 
barefaced lies on television. 

In Italy, a -weekend meeting 

of the Cabinet security com- 
mittee. under the Prime Minis- 
ter, Signor Bettino Craxi, was 
said to have decided that 
relations with Libya should be 
reviewed if evidence of Libyan 
complicity were to emerge. But 
the evidence was considered to 
be inconclusive^ ' 

•The West German Govern- 
ment remained tight-lipped 
yesterday on any concrete 
evidence it might have. 

Herr Norbert Schafer, a 
deputy Government spokesman 
said on Friday that there was 
growing evidence that Tripoli 
had supported the terrorist 
attacks; but his statement was 
late amended to say that if the 
clues Bonn had to Libyan 
support hardened. West Ger- 
many would- co-ordinate 
measures against Tripoli with 
its European partners: 

The Israeli Prime Minister. Mr 
Shimon Peres, has. publicly held 
Libya responsible. He told the 
Knesset last week that the 
attacks were apparently the 
work of the Abu Nidal organiza- 
tion, which, he said, has 
operating bases in Syria and 
Libya and links with- Iran. ‘ 

Despite his. claims, however, 
no concrete evidence has. yet 
been provided in Israel either of 
Abu NidaTs complicity or of 
Libya's alleged role. 

Significantly; an Israeli Army 
spokesman confirmed last night 
that no official statement has 
been put out by his office 
implicating either Abii Nidal or 
Libya. ‘ 

Hart fuels 
he may run 
for president 

Radio says 
Syria pulled 
out missiles 

From Our Correspondent 

Israel defence forces were 
said last night to have con- 
firmed American reports that 
Syria had withdrawn to its own 
territory mobile Sam-6 and 
Sam-8 anti-aircraft missiles it 
had deployed in Lebanon's 
Bekaa Valley. 

The Israeli confirmation of 
reports by American television 
networks at the weekend was 
made by Israel Radio, which 
had earlier in the day reported 
that Israel was monitoring the 
situation in the Bekaa Valley 
but officially would neither 
confirm nor deny that the 
missiles had been redeploved. 

Military analysts here say 
that the precise location of the 
Sam-6s and Sam-Ss a few 
kilometres on one side or the 
other of the Syrian border is of 
little significance. 

The main threat to Israeli 
reconnaissance missions over 
Lebanon, the analysts point out. 
is posed not by the short-range 
Sam -6s and Sam-8s but by the 
much longer range Sam-2s. 
These were moved close to 
Syria's border with Lebanon 
last month following the down- 
ing of two Syrian fighters by 
Israeli aircraft operating over 
Lebanon in November. 

I TEL AVIV: Two Pales 
tinian youths have been ar- 
rested on suspicion of killing a 
Jewish taxi driver in Lod. and 
they may be linked to an earlier 
attack on another driver, police 
said yesterday. (AP reports). 

Strike called 
by French 
air controllers 

Paris (Renter) - French air 
traffic controllers have called a 
one-day strike today, but 
minimum service will be 
provided for both national and 
international flights, airport 
authorities said. 

The National Air Traffic 
Controllers Union said 20 
internal flights and 60 inter- 
national flights, arrivals and 
departures, would be handled 
during the stoppage to meet the 
minimum service requirements 
of a recent government decree. 
Handling of Overflights will be 


Rhodes trustees to seek 
‘whites only’ rule change 

New York (NYT) The founded at the turn of the 
British trustees who administer century to provide outstanding 
the Rhodes scholarships plan to youths, mostly from British 
ask the British Government for colonies or former colonies, 
permission to change a pro- with two or three years of paid 

vision in the founder's will 
restricting two of the scholar- 
ships awards yearly in South 
Africa to schools that admit 
only whites. - 

The decision io ask whether 
the bequest of Cecil Rhodes 
may be altered represents a shift 
in the trustees’ policy and 
comes after a two-year dispute 
between them and Rhodes 
scholars over the issue. 

In speeches, in a petition 
drive, and in articles in the 

study at Oxford University, 
□early 700 South Africans have 
won. Only about six have been 

In his will Rhodes,, a 
diamond entrepreneur who died 
in 1902, reserved scholarships 
in South Africa for four 
secondary schools in Cape 
Province. Students apply based 
on their affiliation with these 
schools, a system unlike that in 
any of the 17 other countries 

American Oxonian, gnrtualc's lh ' schotarshi <* “ 

quarterly, past and present 
scholarship recipients, mostly 
Americans and Canadians, have 
said that the process for 
awarding the South African 
scholarships is unfair to blacks, 
whose labour built the fortune 
that finances the awards. 

Since the scholarships were 

At the time of the bequest, ail 
four schools were private. Two 
have since become state-sup- 
ported and. under the policy of 
apartheid, admit only whites. 
The two other schools remain 
private and admit a small 
number of non-whites. 

From Michael Binyon 
Senator Gary *’ Hart has 
announced that he wiD not seek 
re-election as a senator this 
year, prompting immediate 
speculation that he will seek the 
Democratic presidential nomi- 
nation in 1988/ ' 

His- announcement at -the 
weekend in his home state 6f 
Colorado comes less than three 
weeks after Senator: Edward 
Kennedy formally bowed out of 
the race, and makes Mr Hart,, a 
leader contender against Mr 
Walter Mondale in 1984,- tire 
front-runner in the coming 
presidential race..-. . •• 

“Mv work has yet to Tret 
done”, Mr Hart told supporters 
outside his- log cabin' -near 
Denver. “As 1 forge some role 
to . move our party and our 
country iiito the future. I won’t 
be coy about my plans”, he said. 

It's time for me to express 
commitment to our state and 
our' nation in other ways, and 
perhaps on a further horizon.'* 

He added: “Does that mean 
I’m making some announce- 
ment’ about '88? Nope. Does it 
mean I still have -an interest in 
being president? Yep.” . 

Mr Hart still .bas a* debt of 
S3.5m (£2.35. million) 
after his unsuccessful capaigh in 
1984. -but ' he has now freed 
himself to devote his time to 
fund malting an 
early impact against other 

Mr Han has probably, calcu- 
lated that a third Senate 
campaign would be too risky for 
a person with presidential 
ambitions. His seat is con- 
sidered pivotal to the -Demo- 
crats’' hopes of recapturing 
control of the Senate, but he 
won by just 1 per cent in 1984. 
His withdrawal means that the 
Democratic candidate will 
probably be - Representative 
Timothy Wirth, who win face 
one of three Republican candi- 
dates, each of whom has n 
strong chance in a state that 
traditionally 'votes Republican.. 

Mr Hart, whose appeal to 
young Democratic voters in 
1984 seemed to mark a -break 
with former traditional Demo- 
cratic policies and stand him in 
good stead as the party 
rethought its strategy, has been 
busy in the past year sharpening 
his views on issues such as trade 
and a tax on imported oil 
He faces a crowded field in 
his presidential attempt An- 
other strong contender would 
be Governor Mario Cuomo of 
New York. Others are Gover- 
nor Bruce Babbitt of Arizona, 
Senator Bill Bradley of New 
Jersey, and Senator Joseph 
Biden of Delaware, all of whom 
are younger than Mr Hart, who 
is 50. His image is still fuzzy, 
and he has yet to build support 

US ready 
to help 
clear debt 

. From John Carlin 
Mexicali Mexico 

President Reagan told Presi-I 
dent de la Madrid of Mexico 
that the United States was ready 
and willing to help Mexico 
overcome, its dangerous debt 
crisis buy after their talks last 
Friday, it is evident that the 
problem of Central America 
remains a stumbling block to 

. Mr Reagan told. Senor de la 
Madrid tbat the US would 
support a current effort by 
Mexico to raise fresh loans from 
■foreign banks this year of $4 
billion (£2.7 million). Without 

this money, Washington knows, 
the nig h tm a re possibility, of 

_ possibility, 

.social unrest along the 2,000- 
mile southern US border would 
loom larger than ever. . - 

: “The lack of growth m Turin 
America generates serious prob- 
lems, opening. the door to 
political instability,” said Presi- 
dent de la Madrid. He said the 
industrialized nations should 
pay' urgent attention to the 
demands of debtor nations. 

The Mexican President was 
said to be receptive .to a debt 
package which President Rea- 
gan's delegation came to. the 
summit to promotel Known as 
vTbe Baker Plan” after the US 
Treasury Secretary, Mr James 
Baker, it involves .providing 
debtor nations with enough new 
loans for growth to be possible. 
But the loans would be tied to 
internal economic ' reforms 
aimed at fortifying the role of 
flic private sector. 

The two presidents, both 
alarmed at the prospect of. 
instability in Mexico, are clearly 
wilting to act in harmony to try 
and restore the Mexican econ- 

However, senior US officials 
made dear afterwards that 
Central America remained a 
source of friction. Qeady 
President de la Madrid was 
referring fo.this when he said in 
a lunchtime address to Presi- 
dent Reagan that there had been 
wffi in the potential areas 
onfljet between the two 
nations: . 

President Reagan's address 
centred on the need for Mexico 
and the US to stand shoulder to 
shoulder in support of democ- 
As the US officials 
ted, left-wing Nicaragua 
is perccived by Washington to 
be the principal obstacle to 
democr a cy, the principal ex- 
porter ot terrorism in Latin 

Mexico does not agree. 
President de la Madrid reiter- 
ated his opposition to 
America’s attempt -to “ring the 
befl. of freedom”, as President 
put it, through the 
military overthrow of the 
Nicaraguan Government. 

trade deal 

From John Best 

A potentially - serious rift- 
between the Federal Govern-' 
mem and Canada's two central 
provinces is threatening to ^ 
scuttle negotiations for a .free- . 
trade deal with the US before, 
they even get started.. .. ^ 

- The two provinces, Ontario 
and Quebec, together have ' 
more man half the national:" 
population of 25 million, and 
most .of the country’s industrial ' 
power. . 

The .premiers, Mr David* 
Peterson of Ontario and Mr 
Robert . Bourassa of Quebec, : 
have been .saying reoently that - 
the provinces are entitled to a 
veto over any derisions taken at 
theprojected trade talks. . .' 

This would make the task of. 
the chief Canadian negotiator,'.'. 

Mr Simon Reisman, a former : 
deputy < minister of finance, . 
almost impossible, and would. v 
also increase regional differ- 
' cnees over free trade. 

The four western and four 
Atlantic provinces generally ' 
favour free trade, but the two. - 
central provinces are cool to 

The Western and Atlantic ... 
provinces will be watching Mr 
Reisman closely to toe that their 
interests are protected, and win - 
be insisting on the right to full ’ 
consulation every step of the 
way. But they clearly do not 
wish to hamstring the nego- 
tiator by demands for a veto. 

The western and easternmost 
parts of ; - Canada have - long 
regar ded the national tariff 
structure as a device to build up 
central Canadian industry at 
their expense. 

They regard free or freer 
trade with the US as an 
opportunity to break down ;> : - 
harriers that have kept the price ,r; 

of American goods artifiaafly ’ 
high in Canada, and perhaps 
wltn ntfllne ft possible tO*bUlld Up !“‘ f 

their own industry- Strains on - 
Canadian confederation are 
thus- inherent in the planned ’*s -• 






a v- ■ 

negotLations. . , . . ;.. 

Canada and the US have by. 
far the largest bilateral commer- 
rial partnership in the world. 

Trade is running at about 
$Can 160 billion (£80 -billion) a 

- . QmaHa enjoys a healthy 
surplus of around $20 billion a • 
year, but the Government here 
is nervous about a growing- 
protectionist trend in the US 
Congress, which could play 
havoc with <”aead ian exports. 

'. Beyond dial there i&.grawing 
apprehension in Canada that 
the country is exposedby being 
the only leading industrialized . 
country or trade bloc without - 
an internal market of lOG i' 

rmUioaormore. If trade wars -•&-» 
ever siarted among the giants, ' 
Canada. would surely get caught 
[in the crossfire,' yet hardly be in vJ ^ , 
a position to defend itself. 

At a recent meeting in 
Halifax, the provincial premiers : ' 
and the federal -Prime Minister, 

Mr Brian Mulroney, agreed 
that the provinces should have .- 
“full participation” in the US 
negotiations. But they did not 
even attempt - because they _ 

would not have succeeded - . ..LT.'l'. V 
to define just what full 
participation entails. This is tO-_._ T, 

be worked out over a 90-day 

period of what promises to be ^ ... . 
strenuous talks. /!>-,* 

'fiil zz- 



' »“'■ kr.. - . ■ 

•'S't v.. : 

On the US side, President 

Reagan has informed Congress ' 

rtf hie inian. r ■ . *' 

of his administration’s' inten- ■ 
tion to enter into trade talks 
with Canada and Congress has 
60 days in which to forestall the 

If .it takes no action it will be 
deemed to have given Mr 
Reagan the mandate he seeks. 
Administration sources have 
predicted that this will happen, 
despise the concern of some 
American industries 

Meanwhile, - Canadian •' 
nationalist forces of every ; 
description are mo bilizing ' 
to fight against free trade,-, 
which they fear will _■ 

Canada’s independence . and -:' 
perhaps, uatimateiy, lead to its : 
political absorption. 



Anzus rift puts Australia in nuclear spotlight 

In an increasingly perli- 

lous world. At 

fians have 

J good reason to be thankful 
t for their geographical re- 

their geographical 
moieness and isolation. The 
split between the United 
States and New Zealand. - 
Australia's partners ift 
Anzus - over visits u> New 
Zealand by US warships, 
however, is causing Can- 
berra political as well as 
military disquiet. In the first 
of two articles. STEPHEN 
TAYLOR reports on the 
Australian government's 
approach to defence policy. 

two countries. Most functions 
of the installations at Pine Gap, 
Nummgar and North-West 
Cape are kept secret, but they 
are known to include missile 
surveillance. According to a 
number of strategic surveys, 
these in«hJiaHnn< make Aus- 
tralia a prime target In a US- 
Soviet confrontation. 

Both Mr Hawke and the US, 
therefore, need to-be concerned 
ever the possibility of the 
Australian Labor Party being 

The rift in Anzus and the 
growing communist threat in 
file Philippines has made 
Australia more crucial than 
ever to US interests in the 
Pacific and Indian Oceans. 

Satisfaction in Canberra 
with that knowledge is tem- 
pered by concent at the effect 
that a raised Australian de- 
fence profile might have on 
domestic affairs. Mr Bob 
Hawke, die Prime Minister, 
has managed to control anti- 
nuclear sentiment within the 
Labor Party only with some 
fancy footwork and at some 
personal cost. 

Three highly-sensitive US 
defence facilities on Australian 
soil are operated jointly fay the 




seized by the same kind of anti- 
nuclear fervour as its New 
Zealand counterpart. When Mr 
Hawke went into an election 
just over a year ago there was 
no tike fifao od of a Labor defeat 
But he had reason to fear 
embarrassment from the Nu- 
clear Disarmament Party 
(NDPJ, a hastily assembled 
coalition of neutralists and left- 

In the event, the NDP 
performed poorly, but the 
Labor leadership looked rattled 
enough at times In the cam- 
paign to suggest that the issue 
will remain ripe for exploitation 
a due time by a better organized 

force, possibly the left, which 
detests Mr Hawke. . 

Indeed the MX missile fiasco 
soon afterwards, when the 
Prime Minister was forced into 
a hum ilia ting ctimbdown on 
support for US tests In foe 
Pacific, demonstrated foe div- 
ision within his own cabinet, 

. which includes a number of 
ministers whose convictions are 
broadly anti-nuclear, including 
Mr Bill Hayden, foe Foreign 

Overall however, it is 
perhaps this balance in foe 
Government that has enabled it 
to steer, a path through -the. 
difficulties. Mr Hayden’s sue- . 
cessfui advocacy of a nuclear- 
free zone in the South Pacific 
can be set against Mr Hawke’s 
firm commitment to Anzn8- 
Moreover, Mr Hawke has beat 
able to show be is no slavish 
adherent to a Washington lfa**, 
as evidenced by his opposition 

to Star Wars. 

Tl» Government's even- 
handedness has extended to Its 
dealings with Asms partners 
as the alliance has unravelled, ■ 
and for much the same- reason. 
Taking sides against New 
Zealand would have - cawed' 
domestic repercussions. 

Private, government 
»un» express exasperation 
with the Lange Government. 
On senior figure in. ; .foe 

administration rays; “We keep 
getting a concrete Mock 
dropped on our toes because 
they forget to say they are 
handing It to tts”. 

Note: In addition to Anzus, 
Australia is involved in the five- 
power de f ence arrangement 
with Britain, New Zealand, 
Malaysia . and Singapore and 
assists regional allies under the 
defence ■ cooperation pro- 
gramme. The following is a 
table for the estimated DCP 
expenditure in 1985-86. (Figs in 
1.000s of Australian dollars. 
Approx 48p to the dollar). 

Papua New Guinea - 20,079 

Malaysia _ 


(Asia and Pacific) - 
Total . _ 






wIB be made in mid- 
the New Zealand h 
restricted access to 


ports by 

question with Mr -George 
Shultz, the US Se cre to ry of 
State, in October and . also with 
Mr Geoffrey Palmcav New 
Zealand's Deputy . Prime 
Minister. . 

Both Australia and foe. US 
would be reluctant to rcnego- 
tiate a new bilateral treaty. 

Can berra might be in a 
stronger position in its re- 
lations with the US n»« eva 
before, but scrapping Anzus 
and starting ail over a g 81 ' 
foe stimulus that mnfi give foe 
neutralist and .anti-mtefear^ 
lobbies, is foe last folng^toe'": 

Government wants. 

Nor is there any desire . ft 
the US side for a m " 

Mr Paul Wolfowttz, _______ 

Secretary of- State, said * 
satellite link-op interview to-; 
cenfiy font he would prefer foe 
Present treaty to icn i ai n fe 
framework for a- bilateral 

It has been suggested foal . . 

one way thm^cocddi ]. b*. iV . As . 

S®*? 11 # of letters bet***- 

a, with. - V \ 

5&?i v\ ^ 





co “™ itte * stage and 

terr ^ a:' 

happens to foe alllaa*? 

• Mr Hayden discussed this 

_ yf. 

fearing New Zealand asr*-*,-: 
steeping partner - and in a- .v 
to resume mes&mhip j v 

v : :: ■ 

rescinded by a fat nto gotofor r ,7 ■. f.^r, V 
orepwr Deforce \ Sfc!" • - . 



More heads roll 

as Soviet 

left backs 
dissident in 

purge of the old guard 4S&2 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

S? _ekleriy Soviet Soviet television - came less inside the administration of the 

younger, Gorbachov succeeded in secur- 
?*** T H in< l ed removal of Mr Viktor 

men by Mr Mikhail Goxba- Grishin, aged 71, fiom his 

t sacldng of Mr Vladimir Pro- the Moscow City Communist 
? SP rstav ’ _ the long-standing Party 

' “Moscow, who has Mr Grishin had been seen as 

5“° «»eed into retirement at one of three opponents of Mr 

tKPSZL- , ^ Gorbachov’s new style remain- 

Tbe Kremlin leadership has ■ • 

at the same time continued with 
• its pithless purge of the Soviet 
Union’s four Central Asian 
republics, widely regarded as 
■ the most corrupt in the country. 

Izvestia yesterday reported 
! that a large number of senior 
Communist Party officials had 
: been sacked and severely 
reprimanded in the Republic of 
, Kiigazia for allowing what the 
■paper described as a drop in 
*/ economic performance and 
% moral standards. 

tzvestia reported that the 
sacked officials had allowed a 
, sharp drop in the region’s 
: agricultural production; had 

' paid too little attention to the 

I teaching of Russian in local Vladimir Promyslov; 

! schools; and had tunred a blind forced to ret ire 

eye to the considerable number . 

of officials abusing their pos- ing inside the ruling 12 man 
; itions. It added that the Politburo. He is expected to lose 
dismissed men had done his seat there later this year and 
nothing to eradicate “extremely his fell, togeher with . Mr 
: prevalent and harmful vestiges Promyslov, is likely soon to 
J of old, dark, religious prejudic- have far-reaching repercussions 
4,es”. for entrenched officials further 

The removal of the powerful down the bureaucratic ladd e r. 
Moscow mayor - disclosed by The sweeping new purges 

Facelift for Big deal by 

Moral press baron 

Majority challenged 

From Michael Binyon From Diana Geddes 

Washington Paris 

In a dear attempt to counter The surprise purchase of one 
an increasing ne gati ve public of the most important French 
reaction, the Rev Jerry Falwell, provincial newspapers groups 
. leader of Moral Majority, has by M Robert Hersant, who is 
\ ^announced that the hant-lfne already by fer the most power- 
conservative religious lobby fill press baron in France, has 
gro up is to change its mw* and caused an uproar, particularly 
broaden its activities. as it seems to be in direct 

i ... , _ . opposition to a law banning 

T press monopolies. 

UTwrtyFederatiomlt will still M Georges Filioud, Minister 

* a ^ 0cnS for Communications, said that 

the pnichase of the eight titles 
abortion, pornography m Le Progrts group of Lyons 

!£S, was illegal und^ toe few p4ed 
embrace overtly pohricall in 0 ^ 0 ^ 1984, which forbade 

; t8sne& > ^h* 5 Nic ?d any one person or newspaper 

raguan Contras; resistance tol acquir i Ilg new ti11cs if 

STS** their exisl5n s newpapers ex- 
Phjhppmes and Sogto Africa; ceeded the prescribed quotas of 

: 10 per cent of national daily. 

Strategic Defence and 10 ,per cent of 

Initiative. provincial sales, 

j Mr Falwell, an aggressive Even before buying Le 
opponent of liberatism and a Progris. which was on the verge 
^ vllar of the New Right in the of bankruptcy, Mr Hersant has 
United Stales, said Iw was not exceeded those quotas, but the 
| disbanding or retreating, and law could not be applied retro- 
, blamed the press for the fell in actively. His empire accounted 
support for Moral Majority. fo r 33 per cent of national daily 
The press bad “bloodied and sales, including Le Figaro, and 
I beaten the name Moral 19 per cent of provincial daily 
Majority” since its founding in sales. In addition, he owns 30 
1979, he said. local radio stations, a press 

After accusing Bishop Des- agency and an advertising 
mond Tuto of being a “phoney” agency, and is well advanced in 
! during a visit to South Africa his plan to buy a television 
j last year, the Baptist minister channel as soon as the right 
from Lynchburg, Virginia, has comes to power 
, steadily slipped in popularity The commission set up under . 
ratings and in bis ability to the press monopolies law said 
: raise funds. that M Hersant had foiled to 

Opponents of Mr Falwell inform them of his plans to buy 
1 claimed that the change would Le Progr&s and that it would be 
show Moral Majority as really examining the legality of the 
ft being a right wing political situation at its meeting on 
organization. Thursday. 

Peace marchers aim to 
enter Salvador by boat 

From Martha Honey, San Josd, Costa Rica 
About 200 international The marchers say the action 
peace campaigners, rejected by will help to # focus world 
every Central American country attention on their plea for peace 
except Nicaragua, say they will in Cneiral America, 
try 10 enter B Salvador by boat Late last week, after H 

They gathered last month in Salvador ann ounced that the 
Panama from about 40 coun- demonstrators would be refused 
tries and set out to march entry, 20 peace marchers 
through Central America before entered San Salvador surrepti- 
ending their journey in Mexico, tiously by air. Then they set out 
In their most spectacular in buses with about 500 local 
action to dale, they are prepar- supporters for guerrilla-con- 
ing to set out in small vessels trolled territory, 
tomorrow from northern Nica- The left-wing guerilla coali 
ragua and sail across the heavily tion bad announced that the 
patrolled Gulf of Fonseca to La marchers would be welcomed as , 
Union in El Salvador. They are they passed through sectors 
almost certain to be intercepted under rebel control. But plans 
at sea by Salvadorean patrol were thwarted when the buses 
! boats, or refused landing by were turned back 
1 imm igration officials. Another 20 demonstrators 

; _ — , quietly entered Honduras by air 

Belize#^- gafubb£ans£a. ' . late last week and, according to 

radio reports, took part in 
several small peace inarches on 
Guatemala Friday. On Saturday they 

f Honduras reportedly flew from Honduras 

j to Mexico, 

rs. Tagudgdpa At the weekend the bulk 

the marchers gave up attempts 
r iTunkin r to cross by land from Nicaragua 

ELSALwSor fife*? J 5 0 ma ** to Honduras. After spending the 
’ ' holiday period in Nicaragua, 

rJH X Nicaragua *** ramped for sevwal 

WL~ I gB» -X r^i days at the remote border 

t-v. crossing of El Espino, where 

i ocean Xn«swi heavily armed Honduran sol- 

, ’..V- ■ L . 1 diers blocked their passage. 

Bogota siege role denied 

From Geoffrey Matthews, Bogota 
Nicarama has formally tie- Colombian counterpart, Seflor 

-SWEgScSsfi A «$S£»3cni«> 

i by after ^ attcnded by 

1 Aprfl 19 MovtmenUM-lv; oy ^ Sand ^£ a interior Minis- 

the Sandamsta Government. tCf gefior Tomas Borge, had 
The of “any inter- been in memory of M-19 

frrcncc” in Colombia’s internal “martyrs" killed in the siege. 
Sfeiis was made at the weekend After an extensive inyesti- 

l 2tv the Nicaraguan Foreign -gation, Colombia is convinced 
‘Minister, Father Miguel D'Es- that the M-19 arms used in the 
1 coto. in a letter to bis siege came from Nicaragua. ' 



• /*" 



observers as further evidence, 
that Mr Gozbachov is intent on 
ruthlessly removing dead wood 

ligliL UUU1 ' 1KAI I11UUU1 3 

Communist Party Congress. 
Like his party ally Mr Grishin, 
Mr Promyslov had come under 
increasing pressure from the 
Kremlin following bitter criti- 
cism of the city administration 
jn the. official -Soviet Press. 

The . brief television - an- 
nouncement revealed that Mr 
Promyslov, who had held his 
post since the early 1960s had 
been replaced .as chairman of 
the Moscow City Soviet (coun- 
cil) by Mr Valery Saflrin, head 
of the city’s “221” car factory. 
The ex-mayor was said to be 
going -into “retirement" 

Diplomats noted that the 
removal of the mayor had taken 
place at a special meeting 
attended by Mr Boris Yeltsin, 
aged 54, the engineer who took, 
over as Moscow Co mmunis t 
Party chief from Mr Grishin 
and who is regarded as an up- 
and-coming political star very 
much in Mr Gorbachov’s own 

Since Mr Gorbachov took 
control in the Kremlin in 
March, considerably mean than 
20 per cent of all Communist 
Party officials in the country 
have been removed. As yet, 
there has been no sign of the 
purge letting up. 

Lisbon (Reuter) - Portugal’s 
presidental contest intensified 
this weekend after the powerful 

Communist Party decided to 
back the dfsaidenf Socialist 
candidate Senior Francisco 
Saigado Zenha in the.dection 
later this month. 

A national con fe rence of the 
staunchly Moscow-aDgned 
party 'voted last night to back 
the 63-year-old lawyer as the 
only “candidate of democracy” 
capable of. beating toe right 

The Caammmist Party: rega- 
lariy wins .16-20 per cent of toe 
vote at- local -and general 

Senhor Zenha, toe last of the 
four main- presidential coo- 
tenders. to declare his candi- 
dacy, js challenging his former 
colleague and co-toander of the 
Socialist 'Party, Senhor Mario 

Senhor Soares, who has led 
three governments as prime 
minister since the i ^fmiir y'g 
1974 overt hro w of dictatorship, 
is bitterly opposed by the 
Communists because .of his 
strong anti-Comnnniist stand 
during the turbulent months 
after the revolution. The more 
radical Senhor Zanha has 
supported Senhor Soares 
against the Communists bnf the 
two men later . dashed over 
Socialist Party policies 

The Common 1st Party has 
labelled Senhor Soares a right- 
wing eendlHate alongside far- 
mer Christian Democratic 
leader Senhor Diogo Freitas do 

:• ** • 

W O- ■ 

tfc. > 

IP-. & 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

As foe dust- settles in Brussels peter Sutherland of the Irish 
after a rcmaricaWy successful Republic and Mr Alois Pfeiffer 
stoke up of toe 1 EEC Coro- of West Germany , all made 
m iftinn bjt- its President, M concessions to give Spain social 
Jacques Ddors, senior Com- aflairs and instru- 

mission sources gave a wamig meuts and Portugal fisheries. 

*1" But the most complex bit of 

f s' 

thi cord is one of the poorest in the 
Spam andJPoitogaL Now the ^ comdinationof structural 

. .. funds, formerly toe EEC presi- 

beat’s own fcf goes to Mr 
^ontfmtoe^y m^uchM Va rfis to compensate him for 
Delois had manouwred deftly ^ ^ of remorod affoirs to 
to persuade commiMonera to Herr Pfciflferi who in turn 

conoeded employment to Scnor 

S panish commissioners. Seder 

Manud Marin and Seflor Able The transfer of consumer 
Matutes, and to Commissioner protection to Mr Varfis from 
from' Portugal, Seflor Antonio Mr Clinton Davis is a relatively 
Cardoso E Cunha. Only Mr minor ocncession which leaves 
Stanley Clinton Davis, -the toe consumer portfolio low on 
junior British Commissioner, the list of commission pri- 
j e — : — that he had orities. 

stood firm. 


arguing to 
trol of toe 



Firemen sifting toe wreckage of a house in toe Gentilly 
suburb of Paris, after a gas blast yesterday which iqjared 
two people 


ptptfouo to ensure continuipr s tr u c tu ral funds which present 
and to inspire confidence -in the reorganized. Delors Corn- 
shipping, _ airlines and other mission with one of its largest 
transport industries. headaches in 1986. The funds, 

- M Delore himself retained which cover regional aid, 
monetary affairs, having earlier agricultural investment and 
that he might give it up, Mediterranean aid _ p ro- 
an adroit move which encour- grammes, are the subject of 
Commissioners to he more dispute between the Council of 
amenable in relinquishing their Ministers and the European 
own portfolios. Mr Frans parliament, and could nm dry 
Andriessen of Holland, Mr within a few months unless the 
Grigoris Varfis of Greece, Mr budget crisis is resolved. 

£ 10 , 000 + 


£ 5 , 000 + 



£ 2 , 000 + 

£ 500 + 






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P.-jsrc 1 

Ministersetsstrategicpriorities . 

nese arms factories 
rdered to increase 

if': / - 

i% - 

The Oiinese Ordnance Min- 
istry has ordered all its weapons 
factories to turn to civilian 
production, “No matter how 
heavy their military commit- 
ments might be". The Ordnance 
Minister. Mr-Zou Jiahua, said 
Uiat combined production ■ of 
military and civilian goods was 
“a long-term policy of strategic ' 

He said that the transport, 
energy, telecommunications 
and buildings material sectors 
were priorities.- . • 

•The. Ordnance Ministry. - 
which is responsible for making 
conventional weapons for the 
People's Liberation . Army 
(PLA) - was among the first of 
China's seven defence indus- 
tries to make civilian products 
several years ago. Its trading 
aim China North Industries 
Corporation fNorinco). has also 
been exporting conventional 
weapons to the Middle East. 

Last year, according to Mr 
Zou. its weapons factories made 

500.000 motor cycles, 250,000 ■ 
cameras, 100,000 refrigerators, 

450.000 bicycles, and .7,000 
other vehicles, the total value of 
which was 2 billion yuan (£412 
million) - an increase of 51.1 
per cent on 1 984. 

Ten per cent of this total was . 
exported to 24 countries. The 
] 986 target is to raise the' value 

From Mary Lee, Peking 
of riviliau. production by 50 per 
cent, he said: 

According to the $tate Coun- 
ciPs . Commission of Science. 
..Technology and Industry, 
which is overseeing the tran- 
sform stiti of defence industrial 
capacity to civilian lines, the 
number of civilian items pro- 
duced -has risen from sightly 
more than 400 in .1983 to nearly 
9,000; last year: The State 
Economic Commission (SEC) 

. said recently that the proportion 
of consumer goods produced by 
the defence establ ishm ent had 
grown from 18. per cent to 26 
per cent in f 984. 

The move to integrate pro- 
duction of civilian goods into 
Ch ana ’s ' defence industry began 
in 1980. when the leadership 
recognised that the independent 
.paths pursued by the two 
sectors “caused the. state to 
suffer considerable losses in 
financial, material and human 
resources", a report published: 
by. the SEC said iu May. There 
is still' massive idle capacity in 
' the defence industries while the 
civilian sector cannot meet 
domestic demand for consumer 
goods. - 

: The SEC . report said that, 
because' of 30 years of rigid 
demarcation between military 
and civilian industries, China 
still cannot make rivilian 

airliners, even though it has 
been making military aircraft 
since 1954. 

Another example cited was 
that, 20 years after China 
exploded its first atom bomb in 
1964; h still cannot produce a 
nuclear, power plant. "Foreign 
firms have reaped staggering 
profits while our country 
suffered losses." the report said. 

It also said that it was 
unlikely that tbe country could 
intergrate its military-civilian 
indusrial structure in the near 
future, "because it involves a 
good many complicated prob- 
lems." The Ord nance Minis- 
try’s decision - plans for its 
civilian line have sot been 
published - is one of the steps 
which the 1 SEC report rec- 
ommends- should be taken. 

Analysts said that the move is 
probably connected with the 
decision not to increase the 
defence budget significantly m 
the next few years. The other 
objective in the military-civ- 
ilian industrial integration plan, 
they say is to improve the 
defence establishment's techno- 
logical base without massive 
state investment. 

China recently announced ; 
that its newly-created national 
; defence university would train 
senior officers in modern 
■ warfare. 


Britons are 
only 10 
days from 

By Gregory Neale 

The three Britons attempting to 
walk to die South Pole are 
thought to be 10 days from 
their goal, while an audacious 
plan to taring them back is 
about to go into action. 

Tbe three men, Robert Swan, 
aged 28, from Durham, Roger 
Wear, aged 35, from Birming- 
ham, and Gareth Wood, aged 
33, who was bmp in Edinburgh 
but how lives, in Canada, are 
retracing the steps of Captain 
Scott's ill-fated expedition of 

They have hauled their 
equipment and provisions on 
sledges from their base at Cape 
Evans, at the edge of the 
continent, across the Ross ice 
shelf, via tbe Bexrdmore glacier 
. and across the polar plateau on 
their way to the pole, a journey 
of about 883 miles. 

The men do not have 
provisions for the return 
journey from the Pole, where 
there is a small, permanently 
inhabited US research base. 
The expedition's organizers, 
who have refused outside 
assistance, have therefore 
taken a converted Cessna 185 
light aircraft by ship to Cape 
Evans, and plan to fly the men 
out, one or two at a time. 

It is believed to be the first 
time fhar a single-engine flight 
to the South Pole has been 

The expedition's coordi- 
nator, Mr Richard Down, said 
in London yesterday: "It has 
been suggested in some of the 


The British team: (left to right) Robert Swan, Roger Mear and Gareth Wood. 

' ' vv 1 ' 

overseas press that we would . 
resort to the Americans to help 
get the men back from the 
South Pole. That has never 
been part of our plans. The esc 
of the Cessna has been 
carefully thought out. and 
represents the ^ expedition's 
solution to maintaining its 
independence and integrity." 

He added: "We have always 
regarded it necessary to show 
we can conduct the entire 
expedition without any outside 
assistance, except in emer- 

If the expedition had fol- 
lowed the example of Captain 
Scott, and attempted a Irek to ' 
the pole and back, supported by 
extra men and caches of 
supplies established along the 
way, it would have cost an 
estimated £4 mQllion, Mr 
Down said. 

The Cessna has bad modi- 
fied fuel tanks, skis and 
survival equipment fitted for its 
1. 780-mile round trip. It was 
then dismantled and loaded on 
board the expedition's support 
ship, the Southern Quest, 
which is doe to arrive at Cape 
Evans on Thursday. 

On the men's return to Cape 

150 miles 

.i 6th Jan uary; 
Pole Maioc 

1 Estimated time 
! arrival. 17-22 Jsn 


[10th December I 

Sound tt 


Ross Is , 

& 513 

In the footsteps of Scott, £0iMs£ 
Antarctic Expedition JI rOSSB 

Today's estimated position of the party. There has been 

no actual sighting since December 10. 

Evans they will sail in the ' expedition had beaten them. _ 
Southern Quest to New Zea- Downcast, and amid steadil; 

land, and then return to 

At the weekend, the ex- 
pedition. which has not been 
sighted since December 10. was 
estimated to be close to the 
position the explorer Sir Ernest 
Shackle ton reached on January 
7. 1909. before being forced to 
turn back. 

Downcast, and amid steadily 
worsening weather. Scott's 
party retraced their journey. 
Supplies ran oat. 

Petty Officer Edgar Evans 
died after a fall. Captain 
Lawrence Oates, crippled by 
frostbite, sacrificed himself. 

Finally, in the late March. 
1912, Scott and his surviving 
colleagues. Dr Edward Wilson 

Captain Scott reached the and Lieutenant Henry Bowers 
pole on January 17, 1912. to died in their tent, marooned in 
find that the Norwegian ex- another blizzard, just 11 miles 
plorer Amundsen and his from a supply cache. 

From Neil Kelly 

A leading American Con- 
gressman is trying to heal 
divisions in the largest of Lhe 
a nli -communist factions in the 
Cambodian resistance by meet- 
ing Mr Son Sann, reportedly 
ousted as President of 
lhe Khmer Peoples’ National 
Liberation Front (KPNLF)* and 
leaders of the rebel group which 
appears to have deposed him. 

Mr Stephen Solarz a New 
York Democrat and chairman 
of the House of Representatives 
sub-committee on Asia and the 
Pacific, will also discuss with 
them the distribution of S5 
million (£3.3 million I aid 
available for the KPNLF and 
for Prince Sihanouk's national 

Although the KPNLF rebels 
appear to be in charge of 
military and civilian affairs at 
their encampments near the 
Thai-Kampuchean border, Mr 
Son Sann told The Times that 
he still had the support of 
friendly foreign governments, 
particularly the United Slates. 
China and those in the Associa- 
tion of South East Asian 

He claimed that the majority 
of Cambodians in camps along 
the border also supported him 
but he said they had been given 
no chance to express their 
views. The leaders of the rebels. 
General Sak Su Isa khan and 
General Dicn Del, had estab- 
lished an illegal group to control 
the KPNLF 

Another Peking visitor 
upsets Hong Kong 

From David Bonavia, Hong Kong 

Another visit to Hong Kong 
by a high-ranking Chinese 
officer has caused acrimony. It 
was the second time in a month 
that Chinese visitor had caused 
upset. This time it was Mr Lu 
Ping, Secretary General of the 
Chinese Government Office for 
Hong Kong and Macao affairs. 
On arrival here at the weekend, 
Mr Lu gave a warning, that the 
Hong Kong Government's pre- 
sent measures for electoral and 
political reform could turn into 
a "melee". 

This follows remarks by pthor 
senior Chinese officials con- 
cerned with Hong Kong to the 
effect that Britain has no 
business sanctioning the intro- 
duction of a democratically 
elected legislature before China 
has drafted the “basic law” or 
mini-constitution which will 
apply to the territory when it 
reverts to Chinese sovereignty 
in 1997. 

Mr Lu was quoted officially 
as saying that he would remain 
in Hong Kong for about a 
month, to gather the views of 
local people concerning the 
basic law. whose elaboration 

Strike brings 
to a halt 

From Ahmed Fazl 

At least 50 people, including 
a dozen policemen, were in- 
jured yesterday as angry mobs 
set buses on fire and threw 
stones during a dawn-to-noon 
general strike called by oppo- 
sition parties pressing for the 
lifting of martial law. 

A British High Commission 
minibus was set • ablaze at 
Dhaka University and a car 
carrying a government minister 
was stoned as it sped .past 
pickets, police said. 

The city was paralysed as 
public transport stopped rai- 
ning. train and river services 
were disrupted and all flights 
were cancelled. Shops and 
banks closed and all educational 
institutions shut in response to 
the strike call by the opposition 
alliances and the Jamaat-E-lsla- 

Police arrested m ore than 600 
people including a large number 
of street "urchins” from the city 
late on Saturday night, in. an 
attempt to curb picketing: 
opposition sources said. About 1 
12 others were arrested yester- 
day as truckloads of riot police 
patrolled the city 

The strike was the first show 
of strength by the oppewition 
after President Ershad luted a 
10-month ban on open politics 
on New Year’s 1 Day. On 
Saturday, General Ershad ap- 
pealed to people to ignore the 
strike call promising early 

was agreed in the 1984 Sino- 
British agreement on the future 
of the colony. -- 

The basic law drafting com- 
mittee sits in ' Pekhig and 
contains only a small pro- 
portion of Hong Kong citizens, 
the rest being, officials and 
notables from China. 

There was considerable dis- 
satisfaction here recently when 
Mr Lu’s superior, Mr Ji 
Pengfen, head of the Hong 
Kong arid Macao Office, gave a 
press conference at which he 
'answered only a few written 
■ questions supplied two days in 
advance, and refused to answer 
any supplementary questions. 

The Hong Kong Journalists* 
Association demanded that in 
future Chinese officials speak- 
ing to the press here should do . 
so in a- more spontaneous 

Mr Lu said his mission here 
was to listen' but not talk. This 
-may, . in the opinion of ob- 
servers, give grounds , for opti- 
mism that the Chinese Govern- 
ment has been embarrassed by 
the. hostile response to Mr Ji's 
press conference, ■ 

The land of 
a million 

Washington (AP) - Being 
rich is no longer a one-in-a- 
millioD occurrence in the 
United Stales. 

■ In fact, by the end of this 
year, one American household 
in 100 will have a net worth of 
| SI mffikm or more, according to 
US Nem A World Report - a : 
total of a sriffiofl millionaires. 

• Citing information from 
market researchers, the maga- 
zine said the route to riches is 
more likely to be that of an 
entrepreneur than of a pro- 
fessionaL The' typical US 
mflfitnuhneris a white male in 
his early 60s, still married to 
his 'first wife and - with, a 
business catering to the ordi- 
nary needs of his neighbours, it 

“The real way people make 
money is . . . hard work: for 30 
years, six days a week," said 
Professor Thomas Stanley, of 
the, marketing department of 
Georgia Slate University who 
has been watching millionaires 
for more than a decade. 

with fame. Entertainers, ath- 
letes, writers and the like make 
up less than r per cent of the 
millionaire population. Eighty 
per cent of the elite group did 
not. inherit their, wealth, but 
came from middle or Working- 

Many millionaires do not see 
themselves, as rich. 

lhe highest concentration of 
millionaires is found in Florida, 
where. 19 out of 1,000 are in 
that category. 

13 Indian parties agree 
to work for federalism 

From Knldip Nay ar, Delhi 

Thirteen non-Communist southern stale where Congress 
opposition parties with nearly (I) was rooud. jathe last 
60 members aS>ng them in the deems, 
ink Sabha, India s Lower mg the formation of Bharat 
House, have decided to “forge a Desam (Indim Country) since , 
forum" to work for "true his wm at the state poDs. 
federalism". They have taken ■■ j m chief ministers who 
exception to regional parties responded to Mr Rao's invi- 
beir.g dubbed “anti-natiottal jation to the meeting in 
by Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian Hyderabad . are ■ Mr Rama- 
Prime Minister. knshna Hegde of Karnataka, 

The forum idea has yet to be represents the Janata party, 

given a shape, name, and head- an{ j Mr Surjit Singh Ba r nala of 
quarters; a ore immediate ■ who belongs to the 

outcome is the jgg*^ gb' aS DaL Thf Asom 
S^e^WsIature and 

Minister of Andhra Pradesh, a. Sabha member. . 

L.>^. J 

mm'. . 1 





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, vi-xi , 




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that drove 
a city mad 

Two earthquakes shook Mexico City last year, ' 
killing thousands. Three months later the 

survivors still feel the mental shock waves 

The Pinball Wizard 
hits middle age 

Roger Daltrey talks 

about the blacker 
side of Band Aid, his 
new television role 
and a possible 
return of The Who 

•: ; £- yj .'£• I ^ “U really made 

. •;* •' ; — • v. v*,* I - l m not knocking Gi 

when be returned from 

Ruined streets, shattered lives: Mexico City after the September earthquake, and miracle batby Gerardo Cervantes Perez. His mother hi third from right 

he bears an ambulance 

Mexico City's two recent earthquakes 
flattened buildings and killed thou- 
sands but it is now becoming dear 
that they also triggered suicides, 
provoked madness and shattered 


Jumpiness, insomnia, depression, 
psychosomatic illness are among the 
milder symptoms now widespread 
among an 18-miflian population no 
longer able to ignore the seisxnologicai 
fact that they live under the shadow of 

More or less everyone seems to 
suffer from what has become known 
as the “Phantom Quake'' phenom- 
enon: the illusion that the ground is 
moving under their feet. Countless 
cases have been recorded of people 
fleeing buildings in panic, convinced 
another earthquake has struck. 

A psychologist cited the case of a 
seven-year-old boy who, since the 
second earthquake on September 20, 
has refused to take off his clothes. He 
wants to be prepared to run when the 
next earthquake hits. 

The boy is one of the hundreds of 
thousands who have been left without 
a home, often without close relatives. 

A parentless nine-year-old called 
Carlos lost his only brother in the 
earthquakes. Ever since, he has not 
said a word, the only relief to his grief 
being to bash his head against a wall 

every tune 

In the crowded government shelters 
set up for the homeless, it is common 
for one child to wake up screaming in 
the middle of the ni g ht , setting off 
pandemonium among all the rest. 

In one shelter, housing 120, the 
utterly implausible notion circulated 
that a rattlesnake was in their midst, 
again causing collective panic 

A seven-year-old boy 
won’t undress. He wants 
to be ready to ran 

A stranger phenomenon has been 
the apparent normality with which 
many people have reacted to abomin- 
able loss. A 19-year-old youth called 
Jaime heard his mother and younger 
sister scream for help from under the 
rubble of their home, then saw a loose 
waD collapse, killing them both. Sinr* 
then he has worked energetically as a 
volunteer among the homeless, being 
noted for an extraordinary cheerful- 
ness which one doctor described as 

Jaime refuses to believe that his 
relatives were killed, a type of 

negation that psychologists have 
found in many others. 

“These people say they don’t need 
tiierapy but they’re the ones who need 
it most”, says a woman psychologist 
working with the homeless. “One day, 
when they can no longer repress their 
anguish, the effect on their minds will 
be devastating.” 

The rule does not perhaps apply m 
all cases. Juana Cervantes Perez, aged 
1 9, is the mother of one of the 40 or 
so “miracle” babies who were buried 
under the earthquake rubble and 
survived. Juana and her baby, born 
just hours before the disaster, were 
trapped under the ruins of the Juarez 
Hospital for more than 24 hours. 
Today the baby, like most of the 
others, is in perfect health. So is the 
mother who, in a recent conversation, 
was a picture of sweet cheerfulness, 
beaming broadly - in contrast to her 
nervy mother - when asked to 
recount what it had been like to be 
trapped in the eighth floor of a 
crumpled 12-storey building. 

Dr Jose Remus, an eminent 
Mexican psychoanalyst, believes 
Juana’s behaviour may be perfectly 
normal, that all trauma may already 
have been washed out of her system. 

Dr Remus is leading a 30-strong 
team of psychologists in an investi- 
gation into those who were buried by 

the earthquakes and survived - the 
“Lazarus Syndrome” as he puts it. 

Those found to have reacted best 
had been able to share the struggle to 
survive, be it with their baby, their 
wife or, as in one case, their cat 
“But on those whose friends or 
relatives died next to them the effects 
have been terrible”. Dr Remus says. . 

He and his have Studied 

minutely die cases of 20 of the 

Those who reacted best 
had been able to 
share the struggle to live 

estimated 1,300 trapped survivors. 
Some of the psychologists in the twm 
have been so pained by what they 
have seen they have had to leave the 
programme. Dr Remus himself says 
that after ‘every one of the weekly 
meetings, when the team compares 
notes, he has nightmares. 

“We are dealing with people who 
one moment led completely normal 
lives, like you and me, and the next 
moment their universe collapsed all 
around them”, he says. 

One of the most harrowing cases is 
that of a mother left to care for two 

young children having lost her 
husband, a daughter and both legs. Of | 
the 100 who lost limbs, -some have 
reacted with a great rage' against the 
world which psychologists have 
suggested is born of a feeling of I 
injustice. “Why me?”, many 
Cases have beat reported of people 
who once fervently believed in God 
and have now abandoned their faith. 
Similarly, some people who did not 
believe, now do. 

Some people, trapped for days, 
never abandoned hope that they 
would be rescued. Others, claustro- 
phobic and despairing, tried to kill 
themselves. A night-club dancer who 
lost a leg committed suicide in 
hospitaL Others, having tried and 
foiled, shout: “Kill me! Kill me! Kill 
meT to hospital staff 

Ironically, many of the volunteer 
rescue workers who . performed so 
heroically id the days after the 
earthquakes have since been among I 
the worst affected mentally. Most of | 
them were ordinary people, many 
students, who worked so feverishly 
they never stopped to ponder the 
awfulness of their task. A young 
psychologist assigned the task of 
putting corpses into bags later had to 
be consigned to a psychiatric hospitaL 

John Carlin 



I Hot liquid bum (5) 
4 Small amount (7) 

8 Afterwards (5) 

9 Resembling (7) 

10 Fortified place (8) 
It Stretch across (4) 

13 Liniment (11) 

17 Affected manners 
(4) - 

IS Assess (8) 

21 Rod-shaped 
bacteria (7) 

22 Hindu weather god 

23 Lese majesty (7) 

24 Lizard (5) 


1 Fermenting crop (6) 

2 Change (5) 

3 Buttocks (8) 

4 False 

understanding f 1 3) 

5 10 Cent coin (4) 

6 W Indian baited (7) 

7 Or sea (6) 

12 British money (8) 

14 Marvellous event 

15 Opening comment 

14 Paddle boat 

19 Indo-Aiyan (5) 

20 Grief cry (4) 

Neolithic tales from the river bank 

Amateur archaeology ‘ is 
flourishing in Hast Anglia: a 
group based in Haverhill which 
celebrates 10 years of operations 
this winter has managed to 
occupy itself fully without much 
digging. In a recent Current 
Archaeology, Brian Charge of 
the Haverhill and District 
Archaeological Group, explains 
how his organization, with 
around ' only 30 members, 
carved out a “territory” of 27 



An occasional series on research: 



12 lectures on Practical Philosophy 
Monday-Friday 7.00pm Saturday 10.00am 
Commencing 6 tb-llth January 1986 


10 lectures with a new insight into 
this vital i 

this vital subject. 

-Friday 7. OOpi 
Commencing 14th-18th January 1986 

>m Saturday 10.00am 

Government &Law 

10 lectures iookingclosely at their 
interplay which affects our daily lives. 
Friday evenings at 7.15pm 
Commencing 17th January 1986 


AU lectures last about 2 hours 
Fees are £21 (ill for full time students) for 
Philosophy and Economics and £25 
for Government and Law 
To enrol, write or phone 

90 Queen's Gate, London SVT7 5AB 
Telephone: 01-373 1984 

Abe itiBiUe it ABitncttom. Kitnheid- RL»,-.kur=. Srai&jA 

Rrslma. Dfiwco. IVra** Cmrtao ircndso. I*ir Dsl.wh. EJuiI-weS, 
riuMAtfd. Itafce**** Liverpool ll a d a er. Nuaeytam. Ox&d 
hi ARnnSMtiBopaa.WmutH.Vxfc 

working lay outside the cause- 
wayed enclosure along the edge 
of the river. • 

The group has been suocess- 

__ __ fill in its diplomacy as weD as its 

parishes spanning the borders of archaeology: its work on a 
Suffolk, Essex and Cambridge- “«he^al enclosure stated for 
shire. ploughing and levelling at 

The group has carried out Cavendish in Suffolk fesdnated 
numerous fieldwalking ex- the landowner so much that he 
peditions across arable land to decided 1° preserve the eight- 
recover surface artefacts from acre site, 
sites located by examining i 

cropmarks, and surveyed earth- v&HOC COOKGiy 
works, including moats and flip bflrH W9V 
deserted medieval villa*®*. On® U1C IIdlU 

deserted medieval villages. One 
of hs most successful projects 
has been the intensive coverage 
of a neolithic camp reached by a 
causeway at Kedington, Suffolk. 
This early promontory enclos- 
ure on the River Stour, 
probably a fortified village, 
consisted of a bend in the river 
cut off by a line of ditches, the 
earth from which was used as a 
rampart (probably with a 
wooden palisade, if other such 
sites are anything to go by). 

The whole site was gridded, 
and careful fieldwafidng and 

Recycling is not 
a modern 

Irish archae- 
ologists recently 
uncovered a 
dugout canoe, 
made from a 
hollowed tree trunk, which had 
been turned into a cooking ' 

Along the course of a dried-up 
stream ax Cunaghtarsna. near 

Cashel in Co Tipperary, a series 

of burnt mounds have been 

straw and cooked. It was an 
unwieldy wav to get dinner, but 
Victor Buckley, of the Archaeo- 
logical Survey of Ireland, sug- 
gests that some of the streamside 
cookups were ritual feasts. 

The canoe, which was split 
and reassembled with tree 
trunks as ends, was dated to 
nearly J200BC. This Jits writ 
with the Middle Bronze Age 
dates for burnt mound sites in 

EngUmd and Scotland, as well 

as in all but one Irish county. 
Although only part of the canoe 
was used, the trough still held 
over 200 gallons of water, so it 
can. not nave boiled for very 

collecting of flints uncovered found. Known as fulaebt fiadh, 
more than 2,000 specimens, they consist of piles of stones 

fire, r 

Most were neolithic, the others 
from the earlier mesolithic, 
more than 6,000 years ago, and 
the bulk were made from river 

Their distribution showed 
that the major area of flint- beef, would 

healed in a fire, then dropped 
into a trough of water to bring it 
to the boil This would have 
taken between 30 minutes and 
an hour. 

Soldier blues on 
Salisbury Plain 

Many prime 

monuments have 

long been out of 

reach of modern 

science because 
they Ue on army 
training areas la 
Salisbury Plain. Over 90,000 
acres are affected. Half of this 
comprises 35 per cent of the 
total chalk grassland remaining 
in Britain. Nearly 400 sched- 
uled Ancient Monuments are 

A recent report shows that. 

The meat, perhaps venison or ¥ 

then be wrapped in • while military use has kept the 

from being damaged by 
ploughing, it has also led to 
erosion: tanks driving 
Bronze Age barrows and 
trench -digging in ramparts of 

Iron Age forts have resulted in 

102 cases of “significant change 

of condition” in die scheduled 

The extent of the damage has 

been assessed by ground visits 

and aerial photography: foe 
Romano-British settlement at 
CMsenbury Warren is regularly 

crossed by military lorries and 

occasionally tanks, in spite of 
being marked by “antiquity 
stars” to warn the army. 

At Sidbnry camp, a gigantic 
hillfoft protected by barbed 
wire, vertically-monnted railway 
sleepers and an out-of-bounds 
classification, a unit deploying 
Milan anti-tank mtssQes dug 

trenches into the ramparts and 

entrance defences In 1983. 

_ The nnsdbedtded sites, unno- 
ticed to the army, have suffered 
even more: whfle 55 per cent of 

Bronze Age round harrows in 

the Salisbury Plain training 
area are legally protected (for 
what that is worth), only two per 
cent of ancient field systems are 

A working party has been set! 
up as a result of the crisis which! 
will report to the Ministry of| 
Defence and to English Heri- 
tage. The army is wining to 
cooperate, and many “no dig-' 1 
png” signs have been erected 
already to deter modern war- 

riors from wrecking the defences! 
of their prehistoric ancestors. 

Norman Hammond 

A sense of dread fills Roger 
Daltrey at the mention, of 
Band Aid's highly suc- 
cessful re-release of “Do, They 
Know If s Christmas ..." It 
was “an horrendous si ogle”, be 
I .said. “They should start a new 
fund: “We won't play '.the 
record if yon donate twice as 
much as the angle costs’, 
followed by a three-minute 

Compared with The Who in 
srfonnance - one remembers 
nner lead singer Daltrey’s 
twirling microphone, now' 
emulated by talent show 
singers, and their finale of 
smashed guitars and drum-kit 
- last summer's Live Aid 
transcontinental . television 
rock show was an insipid mish- 

“They played all the right 
notes bat where was the soul,, 
the passion, the danger? It was 
all packaged like ice-cream. At 
least with The Who you 
thought those guys might fiuL 
There was no abandon 
While he admires Band Aid 
founder Bob GddoPs dyna- 
mism in trying to tackle foe 
massive problem of Third 
a memory 

me cnngR 
Geldof - 
pia and went on Wagon and 
asked viewers to send toys for 
these children. That is the 
worst way to use that sys- 
tem . . . you can’t eat toys.” 

Daltrey fears that the land- 
able purpose of Band Aid to 
save lives could also be the 
vehicle- of a new form of 

ralnpipfigm Thmlriny of the 

Ethiopians he said: “We 
mustn’t inflict our values on 
them. It's very important 
within their society to have lots 
of kids. Their kids keep them 
when they get old, whereas in 
Britain we try to forget our 
parents when they get old. 

“The Ethiopians have their 
12 kids and society is used to 
some of them dying. This 
doesn't make it better, and 
emotionally it doesn't make it 
any easier to live with either.-, 
but it worries. me- when we go 
-over there and say 'You can't 
let those other kids die'. You 
could end up saving five 
million people today to give 20 
million foe same son., of 
problem in 10 years'- time .. . 
These are grey areas I'm not 
happy with.” ■ ■ - 

Ex cathedra remarks of foe 
old guard on foe follies of the 
new have tended to be made by 
the likes of ripe politicians, 
novelists and actors. Now we 
can add rock stars, who today 
prefer longevity to the timeless 
youth of untimely death. Since 
the break-up of The Who in 
1982. Daltrey has diversified 
into areas of stage and screen. 

renaissance of The Who. 
Daltrey says it is really up to 
Pete Townshend, who wrote 
most of The Who’s songs. “If 
he wants to do it, and I think 
there’s something artistically 
valid about the project.- The 
Who will get bode together 
immediately - though not as 
the same bond. 

“Pete is going to write an 
album for me in 1986 — he's 
in a transitional period. He cut 
away a relationship from The 
Who when in tact he was 
surrounded by people who 
matte things work. He’s thrown 
that away at the moment. 

“If Townshend can get to 
grips with who he is . . . the 
seeds of genius are still coming 
out of him. It’s just that when 
you're surrounded by a toad of 
yesmen, nothing becomes fer- 

r T™townshend still regards 

I Daltrey as foe best in- 
terprcter of his work. “He 
seems to write what I lived, 
that’s what’s so strange” adds 

Daltrey lives iii a large 
country estate in HcathfiekL 
East Sussex, with his second 
wife Heather and children. His 
trout form (“It works out an 
average of 2.9 fish per rod - 
that’s bow you do trout 
reports”) and television adver- 
tisements for American Ex-, 
press, featuring a Roger Dal- 
trey in wellies set against an 
Emmerdcde Farm look-alike to 
his new “country squire” 

Tm a working guy", he 
repGes. “I haven't a particu- 
larly targe house: it has six 


l ne example of this comes 
[to our screens on BBC 1 
today in Buddy, a new 
five-part series by Nigel Hinton. 
Daltrey plays the part of Terry, 
a middle-aged Teddy Boy. who 
is the sort of cultural relic found 
at the fairground rifle-range, 
dressed in drainpipe trousers, 
drape jacket, crepe-soled shoes 
and fluorescent green socks - a 
rather different role from 
Daltrey's television Shakespeare 
debut three years ago in The 
Comedy of Errors. 

Daltrey. 41. admits that 
acting remains a challenging 
alternative to his raqjor occu- 
pation. music. He has just 

Rock and role: 

Daltrey ia Baddy 
bedrooms, living in the 
country is being part of a 
community. My farm is run by 
people who love to do it. It 
survives because we all work 
together. If people say I 
shouldn't advertise American 
Express, I’ll still do it Doing 
the ad paid foe rent for the year 
after The Who broke up.” 

The. need to escape - these 
days to Heathfield - was 
evident during Daltrey's boy- 
hood in Shepherd's Bush. 
“When I was four 1 used to run 
away to the bomb site up the 
road which was then the 
‘country’. I've a restless soul.” 

Away from foe skylarks, 
briar and bramble, Daltrey's - 
mind returns to the troubled 
state of comteraponuy pop and 
rock music which he regards as 
wimpish, sexually as well as 
politically. Alignment of cer- . 
tain rode individuals with 
political parties upsets him. “A 
political song should not be . 
aligned. Townshemfs songs 
were great because be looked in 
from outside". 

Nor is Daltrey impressed by 
the way rock music is pre- 
sented by the media. He feels 
Channel 4*s The Tube is a 
mess. “There’s a feeling of 
them and us between the' 
groups and the audience. This 
i s one of the few shows that's 

completed a rock tour ^of got g chance to do something 

America - “first time solo” - 
which included a successful 
charity concert at Madison 
Square Garden. “It was great 
getting back on stage. After 10 
minutes it was wonderful 1 had 
to lay the ghost of The Who. 
The crowd started off screaming 
•Who, Who, Who’ but by the 
end of the night they weren't. 

The Who had a particularly 
strong male following, most of 
whom you would have had to 
bang about the bead with a 
plank before they understood 
much. This time it was nice to 
have an audience of more than 
50 per cent women; women are 
more sensitive, they fed more. 
Towards the end The Who 
were so kwd that all you could 
hear was a roar this time it was 
nice to hear what everyone was 
playing and being inspired by 

This year may see the 


really creative with rock, and 
really it's no better than Top of 
the Pops , which won’t show an 
act for more than three 
minutes and shows only dips 
froms videos, bits and pieces. 
What’s it all about?” 

Daltrey hopes soon to begin 
filming the much-publicized 
Kray brothers story once the 
screenplay has been perfected. 
Meanwhile it is essential he 
returns to music, touring, 
because Tni in great danger of 
becoming lhis personality who 
does nothing but answer boring 

Victor Offircf 
_ Anniversaries 

In the Anniversaries of the 
Year (Spectrum, Jan 3) the 
pictures of Davy Crockett and 
Maxim Gorky were captioned 

Brenda Solomon is incurable. 




Yet her laughter is infectious, 3fS®5S!i!rtn 

Wfe have over 270 incurable patients like 
Brenda at the RHH1 and we try to help them 
to regain as much independence as possible. 
Skilled nursing, tiierapy and medical 

Brenda Solomon was training with Queen 
Ale x andra's Nursing service when Multiple 
Sclerosis was diagnosed. As the symptoms frrew 
worse, coping alone became impossible for her 
So she came to the RHHL 

Now, though confined to a wheelchair 
Brenda keeps busy. She speaks German and 
French, reads avidly and visits museums when 
possible. She enjoys the regular choir p ra ct i ce 

erapy l 

attention help enormously. And our Research 
and Rehabilitation Wing examines and 
advances their long-term care. 

We are a registered charity (No. 

The Royal Hospital & Home for Incurables. 

Patrons: HM The Queen andHMThe Queen Mother 

l and Home for I 
DeptTS, West HSU, Putney, 

London SW153SW 
%s,l would like to help. (Please tkfo 

D I enclose a donation to the RHHL 
Please send me&eKHHft leaflet a 
L-l making covenants or bequests. 

j— j rteaMsciKfmeinore lnfrMMrt*^ 







■ K-y : At a time when 

; c IJ. jA — ■ — 

.li many women are 

jffij seeking financial' 

first and last 

■ Vj? 

in dependence, some 
have sacrificed-'-';. 

:r, , “'iJL' , - ■ i 1 

■: W? their own ambitions 

in r tyi.' 

to boost their 

husbands’ careers. 

— - ■ 

:aS- Sally Brompton 
talks to three' " ' 

is ?j 

■■ ^ 

dedicated wives 



then Judy Ridley met 
her husband, Nicho- . 
las, he was Tory MP 
for Cirencester and 
(if, Tewkesbury and she was social 
thlfc secretary to the Belgian am- 
. i: yj* bassador in London. 

“ ' ^ She gave up her job in time 

_ , for their wedding, just two 

- months before the 1979 general 

nrw 1 election, after which Nicholas 
" r - -T became a Foreign Office minis- 

she was 34. 

• ter. He was 

i s>* 


ia 3 *^ 

- | f Z' “Giving 1 up my career was a 
difficult decision”, she admits, 
“ f “but my priority was very much 
to support my husband and to 
be available when he wanted me 
to help him.” 

Judy, the daughter of a 
Surrey doctor, had been work- 
ing, in London for 10 ; years, 
candng her way . up the organ- 
izational ladder- until Belgian 
ambassador ' Robert Vacs- in- 
vited her to join him. At' the 
Belgian embassy she was in 
overall charge of thfe household 
as well as oigatiiKtng all the 
ambassador’s official and per^ 
son^Lcn renaming. 

'^X loved my job 'but it was' 
terribly time-consuming’’,.. -she 
says-^It was a wrench to give ft 
up bat Tm quite a perfectionist 
anftf realized that I couldn't do 
both jobs property.’, 

“The . trouble with being an 
MP*s or minister’s wife is that 
you have to. be- flexible.. 
Suddenly there's a reception -or 
a lunch which your husband 
wants you to attend or— when 
Nicholas was in the JFfonsgn 
Office - a trip abroad he waiitedr 
me to go on, and it would have 
been a great shame sot to have 
been able to do so. 

“Nicholas works so im- 
mensely hard - from six in the 
morning to midnight every day, 
and he’s on duty 3o5 days of the 
year - and 1 think it’s tetribly 
important for him- to have a 
very strong back-up. in order for 
things to run smoothly. 

“Also. I think m a marriage 
it's frightfully important for 
both people not to be tired at 
the same time. If you’re tired, 
you can’t cope. When Nicholas, 
comes home absolutely exhaus- 
ted I make sure that I'm in good 
form and everything's organ- 
ized and life is comfortable.” 

Now that her husband is in 
the Cabinet,, as Secretary of 
Slate for. Transport, Judy 
Ridley's life is almost as busy as 
it was when she was pursuing 
her own career. Apart from the 
official functions which she has 
to organize and attend, she is 
very involved with Nicholas’s 
constituency work, answering 
letters and accompanying him 
whenever possible, as well as 
running two homes - in London 
and Gloucestershire. 

“I .think, in politics, a wife 
can help enormously", she says, 
“not as a person on her own but 

L inda Taylor had wanted 
to be a probation officer 
for as long as' she could 
remember. She worked 
for a degree in social science 
and underwent rigorous train- 
ing in order to quality for this 
demanding profession. Aged 23. 
filled with enthusiasm, she 
started work as a probation 
officer in Norfolk. 

A year later, the probation 
service lost one of its roost 
dedicated members when Linda 
Taylor married. Her husband. 
John, had just completed his 
ordination training and six 
weeks later he was ordained 
into , the Anglican Church. 
Linda became a curate's wife. 

"I worked, literally, to sup- 
port my husband”, she admits. 
“Everything was going on 
around us and it was all J could 
do, quite- honestly, to keep John 
on his feeL I’ve been saying that 
ever since:” 

John Taylor, after 30 years in 
the Church, is now Bishop of St 
AJbans. With each promotion, 
his wife has been there at his 

side, offering encouragement, 
help and total commitment. 

“Basically. I’ve always been 
well aware that my husband’s 
home has been his office”, she 
says. “Besides, what is marriage 
apart from a total sharing and 
total supporting role? Why do I 
need independence? This is my 

it can hardly be described as 
cushy. She and John share a 1 6- 
hour working day which starts 
with prayers at 6.45am. Their 
current home, in two and a half 
acres of grounds, is a vast 16- 
room mansion which includes 
six bathrooms, an office, a 
chape! and an enormous cellar. 

Linda runs it alone apart 
from just a few hours of 
domestic help a week. She and 
her husband share his official 
driving and at weekends she 
works as his secretary, too. 

“If 1 was going out to work, 
John would probably have to 
have a chauffeur and we would 
need far more help in the house. 

1 find myself spending most of 

: Yes minister: Judy Ridley with husband, Nicholas 

No regrets: Linda Taylor with her husband, John 

the year putting stuff in the 

Then there is the entertaining 
- the canons' lea parties, the 
newcomers’ lunches, the even- 
ing meetings of the rural deans, 
the Saturday workshops for 
clergy wives and deaconesses, 
the deanery groups, the 
annual diocesan staff drinks 
parties. . . and that is without 
fhe regulation socializing with 
other dignitaries such as visiting 
circuit judges and local MPs, 
not to mention the “constant 
stream of folk popping in and 

Linda, who has three grown- 
up children, has always been 
closely involved wiih her 
husband’s parish work. “I was 
quite happy to try to bring a bit 
of expertise to* bear in a 
voluntary capacity", she says. 

“Now I go with my husband 
when he visits the parishes 
every Sunday morning and 
evening and have a good old 
yam with the clergymen's 

She has no regrets about 
sacrificing her own career. “1 
don't feel I’ve missed out on 
anything and I'm sure John and 
I are closer than we would 
otherwise have been. 1 may be 
being fooled by all this but 1 
certainly don't feel unfulfilled 
and 1 have an enormous 
amount of freedom and choice 
within my own day as to what 1 
do or don't do. 

“I may find life very very 
difficult if I'm widowed and 
suddenly think, ‘Good heavens, 
what have I been doing up to 
now?" But it's very easy for 
couples to end up living parallel 
lives within their marriages. 

“I just felt it was right to be 
giving John total support and 
working alongside him within 
the parish setting. 

“Sometimes 1 feel about 80. 
but life is really quite encourag- 
ing in some respects.” 

Profit and loss in 
the marriage stakes 

: 5_ 


New rote; former actress Dorothy Hyson in 1944 

as a support. Besides, it’s much 
more interesting for me to boas 
involved in hisjob as I can be. - 

_*T. definitely don’t fed I'm 
mis si ng out - on anything, al- 
though I think I probably would 
have kept working if I'd 
married someone. like a stock- 
broker with a nine-to-five job. 
But I think- with my husband’s 
job I’d never have seen him at 
all if Td been busy doing a job, 

“We don’t have lovely long 

evenings together because he's 
usually in Parliament, so he 
comes home for lunch when- 
ever he can. At least we see each 
other then. 

“I think it’s much more fun 
to be together as much as you 
can - . especially without any 

“I knew from the start of our 
marriage that to enjoy life to the 
lull ft would be much better to 
be with him- " 

i nihony Quayle decided 
to marry Dorothy 
Hyson the moment he 
■“•saw her laughing by the 
stage door of the Old Vic in the 
early part of 1939. She was 
playing Tilania in A Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream, he was 
rehearsing his Henry V. 

When they married eight 
years later, she was the star, one 
of Britain's most famous ro- 
mantic actresses. He, however, 
had just been invited to take 
over the Shakespearian theatre 
at Stratford-upon-Avon . to 
direct, act and transform it into 
an international attraction. “It 
was three jobs in one, really”, 
recalls his wife, “and he wanted 
a lot of back-up. 1 knew I had to 
make some sort of decision." 

She had just finished starring 
in Cecil Beaton's lavish and 
highly successful post-war pro- 
duction of tody Windermere's 
Fan and was in great demand as 
a romantic lead both in films 
and on the stage. “I dare say I 
could have done all sorts of 
things” she says. 

Instead, at the age of 30, she 
gave up her career completely 
and threw herself into support- 
ing her husband. 

“For the first three years we 
were more or less on our own. 
We had to alter the theatre, 
build a restaurant and start 
making money.” She was 
involved with everything, from 
designing the restaurant to 
helping with the casting. She 
went talent-spotting around the 
other theatres for the following 
year’s performers and dis- 
covered such likely youngsters 
as Robert Shaw and Barbara 

“I think Tony was quite glad, 
quite happy that I gave up my 
career”, she recalls. “He was so 
busy he couldn’t have cbped 

with my going off worrying 
about myself. 

“There's a very split division 
of activity if a director’s wife is 
also busy in the theatre. Very- 
few directors have successful 

“We’ve got three children 
and four grandchildren and we 
all share a house in the 
Cotswolds and have wonderful 
happy times together. 1 don't 
think our quality of life would 
have been the same if I had 
gone on acting.” 

Today, she is still closely 
involved with Sir Anthony’s 
work. She is on the board of his 
recently-formed production 
company, regularly goes into 
the office to help out and even 
accompanies the company on 
tour - “to places I like. Tony's 
busier than he’s ever been - I 
look at him in amazement. 1 
think I get a bigger kick out of 
his success than I ever would 

out of my own. Just knowing 
I've contributed to something 
gives me a thrill. 

“Tony's a very, very’ strong 
man in every way but I think he 
needs that kind of support. On 
the whole. 1 think that busy and 
talented men need a woman 
behind them and without that 
support their career can really 

“OccasionalJy people have 
asked me to play various parts 
over the years but I’ve always 
thought, ‘No - I'm not going to 
confuse the issue'. And I think, 
in my case, I was right because 
I’m not very good at splitting 
my concentration. 

“Sometimes I see a part 
which makes me think, ‘My 
word, 1 think I could have done 
quite well in that. I think 1 
would have enjoyed playing 
that*. But apart from that I have 
no regrets at all.” 

QTiaxs Nonwpcrj Littiwd, 198* 

1 once saw a magazine illus- 
tration of the dual-career 

couple's ideal bedroom: it bad a 
queen-size bed and bis and her 
computers on the bedside 

I hare often since wondered 
how snch a partnership would 
spend its most intimate 
moments and now Z know - it 
engages in “win-win nego- 
tiations” as sec oat in a new 
“upbeat guide to joint decision 
making” aimed at “college- 
edocated, two-career mates 
with a trusting relationship and 
large income who find no 
problem in talking about 
marriage in the language of 

I do not know- any such 
twosomes myself, although I 
have a friend who keeps her 
Christmas card list stored in 
ber word processor. But she 
certainly doesn't qualify in the 
trusting relationship stakes, as 
every time she sees ber 
husband establish eye-contact 
with another woman, she glides 
over and flicks a non-existent 

flake of dandruff from his 

Nor, if things got rough, do I 
see her taking him out for a 
final executive lunch and 
saying in ber best managing- 
director manner. “This is hard 
for me to say, but I'm afraid 
I'm going to have to let you go"'. 
I think she would beat the hell 
out of him with the meat-tende- 
rizing mallet. 

As Tor me. I am definitely out 
of the catchment area. Not only 
would 1 never be able 10 talk 
about marriage in the language 
of business, I can't even talk 
about business in the language 
of business and am always 
absentmindedly signing my 
name on office memos together 
with a scrawled “love and 

Win-win negotiations include 
setting “mutual dirt thresh- 
olds”. which I suppose is 
business-speak for one person 
promising to wipe the ring 
around the bath on exiting from 
it. if the other refrains from 
snatching up the Vim and a 
damp cloth and attacking the 
fingerplates every time some- 
bod} loaches a door. 

Alas, a home is not an office 
and I can't see such an 
arrangement working, on 
account of human frailty and 
built-in forgetfulness. At work, 
even the most slovenly person 
is kept op to scratch by a back- 
up system of filing-clerks and 
typewriter-repair men. office 
cleaners and disposable paper 
cups. And even the most 
fanatical of domestic perfec- 
tionists can hardly sit at her 
desk, dusting every single card 
in her index box. for fear of 
unpleasant stories reaching the 
personnel office. 

Office conditions can rarely 
be simulated in the comfort of 
one's own borne, however high- 

«SV m '- V-Sy- 


technically it may be furnished. 
1 mean, if yea splash grease all 
over the microwave, armies of 
workers aren't going to arrive 
and wipe it off, even if you are 
somebody quire important. 

I do not think i could ever 
have entered into win-win 
situations with a man I was 
once married to. who liked the 
sound or music to the extent of 
raising the roof with it, while 
my ideal ambience resembles a 
Trappist monastery'- We could 

have negotiated ourselves into a 
position whereby be decamped 
with his ghetto-blasters into a 
soundproof room, but that 
would have meant that he 
would not have heard yells for 
help at times when the doorbell 
rang as I was applying my 
Sunset Auburn semi-permanent 

The fact that opposites 
attract can be perfectly win-win 
in business partnerships - the 
flamboyant man of ideas allied 
to the steadying influence who 
does the accounting, for in- 
stance - bnt can be very lose- 
lose when it comes to marriage. 

Hoarders always fetch up 
with people who whisk today's 
newspaper into the dustbin by 
Haiti. The unpunctual form 
fuming relationships with those 
who think that the time stated 
on an invitation indicates that 
you are meant to arrive 1? 
minutes before. These are 
problems without solutions, 
short of death or divorce. 

Offered little comfort by win- 
win theories. I turned for true 
sagacity to Peter Tinniswood's 
latest novel Call It a Canary* 
and. as 1 had hoped, turned cp 
some universal truths. Snch as 
“Men and women are totally 
incompatible, so the only way 
they can survive is by living 
with each other". Or . . tvlien 
a man and a woman fall out, 
there's always faults on both 
sides. And it's always the man 
fhat's to blame". 

"Win-Win Negotiations lor Couples 
by Charlotte Whitney (Para 
Research, $12.95). 

’Call It a Canary (Macmillan, £8.95) 

Schizophrenia - the shame and despair 

.... -“I? 1 

’ . . i 




si* -1 ** «> 

From Richard Forrest, -Havelock 
Rise, Luton, Bedfordshire 
Your series of articles on 
schizophrenia (Spectrum, Dec 
16, 17, 18) came a I a bad time 
of the year far me.- My wife 
suffered from this appalling 
illness. She killed herself two 
years ago on December 17. 

Your account of the horrors 
suffered by the families,. of 
victims of the disease left me 
amazed at the capacity for 
suffering these people must 
have, hi my case, the period 
between the onset . of .the 
breakdown and my wife's 
suicide was less than three 
months. When I remember 
what I endured during that brief 
period, and consider (hat some 
human beings may have to 
endure the same for years on 
end, I fed a sense both of shame, 
and helplessness. . 

The shame comes from the 
fee hug that, though I want to be 
able to help, I cannot face the 
thought of. confronting in 
someone' else that depth of 
desolation and despair I arrived 
at dnring this period. The 
helplessness comes from iny 
own attempts to help my wife 
come to terms with her Alness. I 
fear ffiflt nothing I did or could 
have done .had-any effect other 
than to drive- her deeper into 
her emotional trap. 

In the space ofa few weeks, I 
watched a warm, highly intelli- 
gent, deeply religious young 
woman whom I loved more 
than anyone else change Uva 
cynical, manipulative, brutal 
and unfeeling stranger- 1 conld 
cope with her hearing vpira,-. 
getting messages from the radio , 
and television and.. bang pat- 
ched day and night, by . people . 


using special cameras. But (o 
see a stranger looking at me out 
of . my warns eyes, and realizing 
that I could not know if her. 
protestations that she loved me 
were true or a sham designed to 
manipulate me was almost 
beyond. enduring. Had I not had 
the responsibility of care for my 
youne children, L believe that I 
would by now have taken my 
life, as she did. 

The onset of my wife's illness 
was-yery sudden, . but I was able 
to obtain psychiatric help fairly 
quickly. ..Schizophrenia was 
diagnosed only m the week 
before she died. Looking back at 
the events^ I can see a 
reluctance oh the .part of the 
medical staff either to talk to 
me of the possibility of schizo- 
phrenia; or apparently to face it 


-I can well understand this 
reluctance. iln my wife's case, 
there-wonld have been no way 
of distinguishing between . ^ 
cutk, and &- convincing imitat- 
ion of normal i behaviour. 
-Certainly she could pass hwwdf 
off as completely no rmal. In 
particular she convinced several 
of her friends that any peculiari- 
ties in her behaviour were due 
to my bad treatment of her. One 
; actually accused me of driving 
her to suicide. Following & half- 
hour interview with my wife, 
one psychiatrurt suggested that I 
needed -psychiatric treatment 
■ rather than- her, as my behav- 
iour was canting her problems. 
As T was bringtold this, mywife 
.made her first suicide, attempt 
It. was fejkwing this event that 

schizophrenia was first - men- 
tioned as a possibility. 

This uncertainty must be a 
great problem for doctors. In 
the case of schizophrenia, it 
seems impossible to judge 
success. This cannot help, either 
in maintaining a commitment 
■to study the disease, or in 
treating if. 

- After the immediate shock of 
■ my wife's death, one of my 
strongest .reactions was a feeling 
of relief My norma! process of 
grieving has been complicated 
by the emotional hammering I 
suffered during her illness, and 
my memories of her are 
distorted by the images of the 
creature she became. Feeling 
guilt about this sense of relief 
has been part of my problem. 
Your articles have helped me by 
illustrating that my worst fears 
of what could have happened 
had she not died were justified, 
and that the effect this would 
have, had on the children was 
potentially far worse than that 
. .of losing their mother. 

More than anything else. I 
wish she could have been cured, 
mid that I could be with her 
again as she was before her 
illness. I believe this is the only 
way in . which the wounds 
inflicted on me by her Alness 
can foUy be cured. This is now 
impossible in this life. 

seriously mentally, ill patient 
can be compulsorily detained 
and treated only if it is deemed 
necessary for the health and 
safety of the patient or for the 
protection of others. 

In feet, the 1983 Act, like its 
predecessor, the Mental Health 
Act 1959, makes it plain that a 
mentally ill patient may be 
detained if it is deemed 
necessary for the health or 
safety of the patient In making 
no change. Parliament resisted 
immense pressure to make 

From Anthony Clare, Professor 
of Psychological Medicine. St 
Bartholomew’s Hospital . 
Medical College 
To judge from some of the 
moving, personal case .histories 
containedin the .three impress* 
ive articles on schizophrenia, 
the - idea is widespread that V 

as the series 
showed, relatives of the men- 
tally ill find themselves increas- 
ingly unable to obtain help from 
psychiatrists until patients are 
so disordered and disorganised 
as to be gravely at risk to 
themselves and others. 

While there are several 
admirable controls built into 
the 1983 Act to ensure that 
patients are not detained 
wrongly and have access to as 
independent appeals tribunal 
there are no equivalent controls 
to ensure that when they are 
suffering deterioration they are 
actually detained and treated. 

The Mental Health Act 
Commission is understandably 
vigilant in seeing that I and my 
professional cofieagues do not 
overstep our legal powers but 
appear indifferent to the possi- 
bility that we win J ! 
refrain from using 
ring j pff ead to indulge in a 
particular form of defensive 
medicine. Indeed, the draft 
Code of Practice being prepared 
by the Commission may well 
make die compulsory ad- 
mission and treatment of snch 
patients even more difficult. 

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the book 

Westland is not the only controversy 
concentrating Michael Headline's 
mincL He is also being dragged into 
an alleged breach of copyright by the 
Minister of Defence of the hitherto 
unpublished memoirs of the Duke 
of Wellington's cook James Thorn- 
ton. The original manuscript is 
owned by a Bernard Tomlinson, 
who originally offered it for 
publication to Nigel Hollis, the sales 
director of Heinemann. Heineman 
declined and the original was 
returned. Then, without Tomlin- 
son's knowledge, it appeared in the 
MoD's official journal, the British 
Army Review. The memoirs had 
been edited by Michael Glover, who 
wrote in a footnote: “I am most 
grateful to Messrs Nigel Hollis and 
Nigel Viney for making a copy of the 
original manuscript available to 
me.” (Viney also worked for 
Heinemann, and Glover is his 
military historian cousin). In a two- 
page letter to David Steel, who has . 
taken up the case, Heseltine denies 
breach of copyright, saying the MoD 
published in “good faith”. Tomlin- 
son, who has since found a 
publisher, tells me the issue is “hot” 
and is to seek substanial damages. 

Casting couch 

Read what you will into the fortunes 
of two of the senior Metropolitan 
policemen most involved in the 
Broadwater Farm riot last October. 
Deputy Assistant Commissioner 
Mike * Richards, the area com- 
mander. was the only policeman to 
be awarded tbe OBE in the New 
Year honours list. The equally- 
criticized local chief superintendent, 
Colin Couch, will soon be clearing 
his desk in Tottenham and departing 
to the BramshiH police college in 
Hampshire as a student on a senior 
command course. 

• Brace yourself for the Belgrano 
of 1986: today Unwin publishes The 
Rainbow Warrior Affair. Next 
month Gollancz bring ns Sink The 
Rainbow!, followed by Hutchinson's 
Rainbow Warrior: The French 
Attempts to Sink Greenpeace. And 
yes. Penguin: The Death of ike 
Rainbow Warrior. 

Going spare 

Shock horror at a recent party staged 
by the feminist magazine Spare Rib 
- a man appeared. Worse, he started 
to dance - solo, naturally. The 
demon, who was helping to organize 
the music for the all-female bands, 
was asked to leave the floor. 
Incensed, he is alleged to have 
picked up a broken bottle later in the 
evening and thrown it at the sisters. 
Happily it missed. In tbe current 
Spare Rib. Maria North, who was at 
the party, writes: “It is obvious that 
we need to find venues where the 
presence or men is not insisted 
upon. . 

Two opposition views on the issue still plaguing the Cabinet 

Westland: the third option 

There is a good deal of innocent 
pleasure to be had from observing 
the struggle for the future of 
Westland Helicopters. There can 
rarely have been an occasion when 
Cabinet ministers disagreed so 
publidy or when a prime minister 
seemed so powerless to impose her 


Dissension within the Cabinet has 
been so overt and so prolonged that 
it is hard to see how the two 
protagonists, Michael Heseltine and 
Leon Brittan. can both survive. The 
loser must surely go. and even the 
winner will be severely diminished. 
But the issue has a significance that 
goes well beyond its entertainment 
value or its consequences for 
ministers’ careers. At stake are 
questions of national defence. 

The government has so far denied 
that anything more is involved than 
a decision by the shareholders of a 
private company about the best 
commercial deal on offer to them. 
Tbe government says officially that 
it has no view. It is this hands-off 
stance which, paradoxically, has 
permitted and encouraged ministers 
to promote their differing cases; 
for if government policy is not 
involved, how can Mis Thatcher 
prevent her ministers from acting as 
brokers for one commercial interest 
or another? The political debate 
which Mrs Thatcher sought to abort. 

and which should have taken place 
in the Cabinet room, is being 
conducted in the full glare of 

The truth is that the survival of 
Westland, and who controls it, are 
no ordinary commercial matters. 
Westland is not as ordinary 
commercial company. ft, has 
depended on substantia] orders from 
the armed forces; equally the 
national defence capability has 
depended heavily on Westland. 
Though a private company, it is an 
integral part of our defence 
procurement industry. 

If Westland went out of business, 
passed under foreign control or 
became a sub-contractor to others, 
we should be left dependent on 
foreign suppliers for one of the 
most vital instruments of modem 
warfare Without the helicopter's 
troop-carrying, reconnaissance and 
ami-tank capacity, we should be 
fatally ill -equipped to pursue a 
con ven tional campaign of any 

Heseltine. is surely right to 
recognize this. It remains a mystery 
(and one that is particularly 
damaging to him) that the Prime 
Minister is apparently content to 
allow her Defence Secretary's judge- 
ment on a matter of national 
defence to be overruled by the short- 
term commercial interests of a group 

of shareholders. So Heseltine, while 
arguing the wider significance of the 
decision, is compelled to conduct his 
argument in terms only of the 
attractiveness to the shareholders of 
his favoured solution. As Mrs 
Thatcher win not allow him to 
deploy his full case, it is difficult to 
be sure whether his enthusiasm for 
the European op tionisweil-fbunded. 

There is, to begin with, all file 
difference in the world between an 
independent British company seek- 
ing collaborative European projects 
in order to share basic costs and 
secure access to a larger market, and 
the option proposed by Heseltine. 
Under this, the company’s indepen- 
dence would be seriously compro- 
mised by rival enterprises' taking a 
major shareholding. Westland 
would be unable to manufacture 
helicopters in competition with its 
own most Important shareholders, 
at least two of which would be 
nationalized concerns. 

Questions remain unanswered 
about the proposed European 
collaboration. Is it simply design 
work that is to be shared - m which 
case, will Westland be expected to 
pick up part of the large bills already 
run up by the Italian firm of Agusla 
and the Germans? Or is manufactur- 
ing to be shared as well, and if so, 
why should a European consortium 

which already has excess capacity 
contemplate manufacture in Britain 
when, unlike the Americans, it can 
do so more economically in its. own 

If each national industry. is to 
make fust a part of the complete 
aircraft, would we be happy to rely 
on helicopters of which vital pans 
are being manufactured in areas of 
Europe that might be overrun, in tire 
event of war? . 

All this merits debate - and not 
one conducted as -if- the company 
concerned merely ran a brewery. 
Any such debate will fail if it does 
not include die most obvious and 
rational option. If Westland cannot 
be allowed to fail, and if the 
government must become involved 
(if only to rescue it from the 
consequences of a mistaken choice 
by its shareholders) then die: 
state ought to acquire a majority 

Mrs Thatcher's refusal even to 
think about a national policy for the 
helicopter industry does not just 
threaten ministerial careers. 
Britain's defence is jeopardized, v 

Bryan Gould 

The author. MP for 
Labour's frontbench 

Nobody would deny that some of Westland's 
problems are of Us own « fact that has 

been taken account of in recent changes to its 
senior management Bat many are the result of 
government mishandling of helicopter procure- 
ment In 1978 the Ministry of Defence produced 
an Air Staff Target for the replacement of the 
RAT’S ageing fleet of helicopters, which it flies in 
support of tbe Army. But it now admits, no 
financial provision was ever made for this project 
and the RAF. haring overspent its budget could 
not find the money from other sources. 

However, the programme was considered of 
such importance that it went ahead on foe 
assumption that the money would be found from 
somewhere. This assumption resulted in Michael 
Heseltine initiating a competition in the spring of 
1984. Sikorsky (USA), Aerospatiale (France) and 
Westland were invited to present proposals to 
produce a new tactical transport helicopter by 
about 1990. The services mid civil servants 
seemed to be impressed with the Westland 
30/400: it met the requirements; was the least 
expensive; was British and could be used as a 
vchide for the development of two other projects 
close to the heart of the MoD, a new Rolls Boyce 
engine and a new-technology gearbox. 

Tbe Westland aircraft was finally selected and 
work began on more detailed specifications. 
Apart from providing badly needed work for 
Westland, the MoD's endorsement would have 
helped to obtain sizeable orders from other 
countries which had shown interest. 

Last autumn, however, tbe Army announced 

Victim of 

that it wanted to “reassess" its requirement for 
transport helicopters, indicating that an aircraft 
of the size originally asked for by the MoD was 
too smafl. This put the British Army at variance 
with every other army in the world, aH of which 
are giving -priority to fight tactical transport 

The reason for this muddied tfmAipg is easy to 
see. The British are unique in Nato in splitting 
their pitifully small battlefield helicopter force 
between the Army and the RAF, which have 
different ideas on bow they should be nsed. This 
division of responsibility means there is no 
cohesive pre s su re for a bigger helicopter force 
under ratified control. As a result British forces in 
West Germany are reckoned to be at least ISO 
helicopters short of tbe number required. 

The Army Air Corps, which operates the 
Army's helicopters, is a young, small corps which 
holds little sway in tbe corridors of power when 
up against the older, more traditional arms - the 
infantry, armour and artillery. The 

towards helicopters in the Army has been 
described to me as to e arly , ftb 

century when it was asked to take an interest to 
t anks . 

Simflariy the RAF helicopter force rs small and 
highly professional but tom no senior officers, of 
Its own to speak for it and carries little “dont” to 
competition with fighters and strategic aircraft. 

It is logical to everyone, mdnding tire young er 
RAF helicopter crews - but unhappily not their 
air marshals — rift battlefield helicopters should 
be owned and operated by one service, which 
ought to be the Army. This would allow the RAF 
to concentrate on its major rote — the exercise of 
air power. 

As the Army Air Corps operates its helicopters 
with significantly fewer men than the RAF, this 
should proride greater cost efficiency. Other 
benefits would be firmer direction of tire Army's 
aviation arm to both tactical use and equipment 
procurement; closer integration on tire battlefield 
between aviation and the other combat arms; and 
encouragement for some of our generals to think 
more about battlefield mobility. 

Westland's future lies initially with its own 
management and workforce; but It also depends 
on sensible procurement by tbe MoD and 
intelligent planning by the armed forces. We most 
hope that the 'present crisis brings improvement 
in all three spheres. 

Paddy Ashdown 

The author. MP for Yeovil, is the Liberal Party's- 
trade and industry spokesman. 

- r *TV 

. a. ~ *’ - 1 

Bob's caff 

Ignorant of Robert Maxwell's latest 
order that all phone calls to his new 
Manchester newspaper plant should 
be answered “Maxwell House”, the 
Mirror's district reporters have 
responded with such robust words as 
"I want the newsdesk, not some — 
coffee-shop." I am told, too, that 
Manchester’s first management 
meeting of the year was delayed 
until a senior Mirror lackey 
descended from the roof, where be 
had been paring out the positions 
for four flagpoles from which 
Maxwell’s ensign will be flown. 

Hong Kong: Simon Winchester's bold plan to calm the jitters 

A job 
made to 


On a cool Saturday evening in 
October, to the sound, no doubt, of 

'Talk - or shall I call in 
Rough JusticeT 

High road 

Bill Torrance, the star British Rail 
uses to promote business in 
Scotland (the Scots weren't too keen 
on Jimmy Savile) is, as. they say, 
“getting there'’. Only it’s not by 
train. When Torrance is summoned 
to London to make railway commer- 
cials, he travels not by BR but BA. 
“I have to get there and back as fast 
as 1 can”, he explains. 

Errant heirs 

It looks as if Tony Berm should have 
second thoughts about his idea for 
creating l,GCw peers who would vote 
to abolish the Lords. Clement Attlee 
created 45 hereditary peerages 
during his six years as Labour prime 
minister. In a book out today. The 
Queen Has Been Pleased, author 
John Waiter points out that these 
"have hardly brought long-term 
benefit ar.d advantage to the Labour 
party”. Of the heirs of these peers, 
on/? five still take tbe Labour whip. 
Thirteen have become Conserva- 
tives, five have joined the Alliance. 
10 are independents, five give 
themselves no description and eight 
Have yet to make an appearance in 
the Lords. PUS 

October, to the sound, no doubt, of 
some sad sea shanty played by a 
Marine band, the royal yacht 
Britannia will slip her moorings in 
Shanghai ease into the greasy waters 
of the Whangpoo river and sail 
majestically out to the tidal streams 
of the Yangtze. The Queen will have 
ended her historic week-long visit to 
China - the first reigning British 
monarch ever to have graced the 
Middle Kingdom with her presence. 

Two days later, given fair weather 
and a good push from the currents 
in the Strait oFTaiwan, Her Majesty 
will arrive in Hong Kong. For half a 
week die will preside over Britain’s 
last crown colony in the Orient. 
Perhaps, indeed, it will be the last 
visit ever to be made by a sovereign 
before that moment, 4.000-odd days 
from now. when Hong Kong slips 
back to its rightful owners, the 

We know little of the plans for the 
tour of China, save that the Queen 
will be expected to stroll on ibe 
Great Wall, will be asked to try sea 
slugs and mao tai at the ritual 
banquet in the Great Hall of the 
People, and will visit the terracotta 
army in the city of Xian. 

We know even less of the plans 
for her stay in our liny imperial 
relic, whose capital is still, to 
pedantic geographers, a city named 
after her great-great-grandmother 
Victoria. But she could make her 
visit memorable by uttering an 
unexpected and stunningly imagin- 
ative pronouncement. She could 
announce the imminent appoint- 
ment of her heir as the Iasi British 
colonial governor of Hong Kong. 

U would be a diplomatic master- 
stroke. With a single gesture Her 
Majesty could assure the future 
health of an otherwise ailing colony, 
she could bring Sino-British re- 
lations to a new level of cordiality 

I have a correspondent who is 
fighting a war to the death with the 
Oxford lexicographers over what he 
takes to be sloppy journalistic 
misuse of the words “collide" and 
“collision", and its being made 
respectable in their dictionaries. One 
of the glorious disadvantages of 
being an Oxford lexicographer is 
that one is generally mistaken as an 
umpire rather than a recorder of the 
language, which belongs to all of us. 

My friend objects to tbe use of 
collide and collision with a station- 
ary object He thinks that the prefix 
col- implies joint or mutual bashing 
together of two moving objects, not 
simply one. So that a moving car 
can collide with an elephant, if the 
elephant is also moving. But a car 
cannot collide with a lamp post. 

The argument is that idle ar.d 

evening to terms- with three-party 
politics . in an electoral system 
desgned for- two parties is not easy 
for anyone. - Norman Tebhrt, tbe 
Conservative Party chairman, tries 
to cope by denying the Alliance's 
validity and representing it, as he 
did after the Tyne Bridge. by-elec- 
tion, as an interloper "cynically 
intervening’* to.a two-player game. 
In this simplistic propaganda, a vote 
for dte Alliance becomes a votefor 
Lab our: . 

the facts do not support tire case. 
If anything, detailed analysis of 
recent Gallup polls suggests the 
reverse - that foe Affiance provides 
the best assurance that Labour will 
sot win an overall majority at the 
next general election. It is true that 
the Affiance’s advance is bad news 
for the Conservatives, but by to o 
stretching of tire data can it be 
represented as good news for 
Labout ; . . .. 

■ IfTebbit's distaste for socialism Is 
as acute as his line of -argument 
suggests, . he should perhaps be 
adnng fas City friends, to redirect 
some of their postal orders to Messrs 
Steel and Owen since they are his 
best, bulwark against a Labour 
victory in 1987. 

Gallop surveys for September. 
October and November have been 
averaged out to. provide -a three- 
month set of votiug-xnte&tioa. 
-figures. This provides a sample of 
over 28,000 which permits detailed 
analysis m each region of . the 
country; furthermore, the accumu- 
lation of data spread oyer three 
months will -have ironed out tire 
temporary boost which each party in; 
turn received from the conference . 
season. • 

The percentage share of voting 
intentions for each party was Labour 
34.2, Conservative 3Z2, Alliance 
31.7. No surprises there -the figures 
are roughly in fine with other 
surveys - but if the figures are 
analyzed to show the distribution of 
support region by region, we find 
how much the political map has 
changed since June 1983. 

Then the Alliance was in third 
place in nine of foe 11 regions. 
Today il lies third in two regions 
only, and by the slenderest margin. 

In the north, Scotland and Wales the 
Affiance challenges Labour, In the 
south the Alliance and the: Con- 
servatives are the contenders. . 

The firstrpast-the-past system . 
tends to make a two-horse race out 
of elections, squeezing the third 
party out. Although in a few 
constituencies Liberals, and latterly 
tbe .Alliance; have tuned, tactical - 
voting to their advantage, across the 
country as a whole they have been ' 
the victims of this squeeze; Today 
die Affiance looks more like a 
squeezer tfan a squeezes. Here is the 
current party pecking order around 
Britain: . ; ■ ... - 


Lab Con 

1 3 















Wales . 




'EastMda - 

• 3 


West Aids 















South-west .3 2 1 

At above 30 per cent of foe 
national vote, the relatively even 
spread of AlHanoe support across the 
country which penalized it in 1983 
begins to look more of an advantage, 

The Brecon arid Radnor or Tyne 
.Bridge effect, of some Tory voters 
rallying behind the- Affiance as the 
best prospect of defeating Labour, 
begins to look like a rational tactic 
across Scotland, Wales and the 
north of England. This may pose a 
stronger threat to Labour in its 
heartlands than the Conservatives 
havte ever been able to muster. And 
for 'Neil Kinnock, the gloomy 
message does not end there; 

. Since tbe 1983 general election. 
Labour and . the Alliance have both 
benefited equally on a national basis 
from foe decline in Conservative 
support, each .picking up about six 
voters in 100. The pro b l em for 
Lab our is that h has not pid e e d up 
votes where it needs them most. The 
revival of sup p or t is coming either 
in the southern areas, where Labour 
remains a hopeless third, or in its 
strongholds in Scotland and Wales 
where the extrareernits are red nn dan t 

In London and foe Midlands, 
where 40 per cent of Labour’s fist of 
target seats are, the Labour pick-up 
has been only three voters m 100, 
whereas the Alliance 'has picked up 
eight in 100. Local by-election 
results confirm this trend. In fact, 
taking foe target seals as a whole 
across Britain, in the 130 seats 
which Kinnock has set himself to 
win to form a majority government, 
the Affiance has actually picked up 
more support than .Labour. Labour 
is doing even less well in its vital 
target seats than it is nationally. 

There are lessons for all contest- 
ants in these figures. For foe 
Affiance, that it is short of overall 
•victory by only five-or six voters' in 
100, if it is sufficiently tough in 
using the electoral system to squeeze 
the third party In each region. For 
Labour, that breakthrough looks 
further away than it did when 
Kinnock took over from Michael 
Foot. And for Tebbit, that he should 
consider dropping electoral misrep- 
resentation' and adopting pro- 
portional representation. His party 
may need itmore than he realizes. 

The author is a member of the 
Ubeml-SDP Alliance strategy 

moreover . , 

. . Miles Kington 







never wanted 


she could give to an otherwise 
understandably bored prince a role 
with purpose and real importance. 
And the Princess of Wales would 
have five million loyal subjects at 
her feet. She could practise foe 
queenly art to her heart's content, 
readying herself for the day of 
accession and the trials of palace life. 

Hong Kong, in foe closing \ears of 
its dependency, needs a strong 
governor. The present man. Sir 
Edward Youde. is a scholarly figure 
whose precise use of foe Mandarin 
tongue is rendered quite charming, it 
is said, by his lilting Welsh accent. 
But he is not a noticeably strong or 
forthright governor, and the view is 
growing in the colony that the crafty 
mainland Chinese are beg: "dag to 
do with tbe colony more or less what 
they will. 

That is, admittedly, only an 
impression - but then agam Hong 
Kong is a place that relies ' cry much 
on impressions. If the money-men 
believe things to be going wrong, 
they and their mosey will leave. 
Many have already gone. Others 
could swiftly follow. Confidence 
could evaporate, leaving only the 
fragrant memory of good fortune. 

Sir Edward, who is 62. is due to 
leave in about a year. A full decade 
will thus remain during which 
British governance will still be 
necessary - and the Foreign Office 
has made it clear that, whatever, the 
Chinese may wish, a Briton with 
goose-feather plumes, white duck 
jacket and Wilkinson sword will 

govern up to foe hourof handover. 

But to whom should this lustrous 
plum of a job be given? One name 
canvassed at Government House up 
on tbe peak of late has been that of 
Edward Heath, a good friend of the 
Chinese, a figure ranch respected in 
foe Orient. His friends, though, say 
he is reluctant to assume the 
peculiar challenges of the task. 

David Wilson, the career diplo- 
mat given most credit for negotiat- 
ing the joint agreement with China. . 
is fast heading for his knighthood 
and ambassadorial rank, and is the 
natural choice of Whitehall. But he, 
while amiable and sound, and a 
mountaineer to boot has no public 
reputation for tbe kind of strong 
resolve that foe colonials believe 
they need. 

How- much better, how truly bold 
it would be. to have the Prince of 
Wales installed in Government 
House instead. 

No cunning Chinese diplomat or 
central committee member would 
then dare try to tinker with a colony 
headed by a British version of 
Imperial Wizard, Grand Dragon and 
Great Panjandrum all wrapped up in 

To court displeasure with the 
Foreign Office is one tiring: to risk 
foe w-Tafo of a sovereign’s bouse is 
quite another. No: from tbe date of 
foe prince's appointment until 
midnight on June 30, 1997, Hong 
Kong would be treated by Peking 
just as it desires and deserves to be 

ICbald the Prince inherit 
tbe plumed hat now 
worn by Sir Charles Youde? 

treated - with respect, and on the 
basis of real equality. 

The bankers and the marketeers 
would love it; the world’s great 
companies would flock to an island 
made fashionable by the presence of 
the royal pair, tbe Hang Seng index 
would triple in a vear. Confidence 
would be restored from the moment 
the RAF aircraft touched down with 
them at Kai Tak airport. Ft would be 
like Mountbatien in India all over 

And there is a good chance that 
Charles and Diana might like it too. 
Government House, designed tor a 
man from the South Manchurian 
Railway, and thus admittedly 
looking just like a South Manchu- 
rian railway station, may not be 
quite up to The standards they know. 
But there’s a decent little yacht 
called the Lady Maurine, and a place 
called Fan Ling up in foe New 
Territories to which it could take 
them for their weekends off. .The 
social life is glittering, the rich are 
much adored. 

The car's not bad. either. With the 
job goes tbe only Rolls-Royce 
Phantom Five officially available to 
any British diplomat, anywhere, and 
just tike foe ones back home. Tbe 
royal aims axe already emblazoned 
on its doors - almost as if they, and 
the colony, are waitin g for foe day 
that their prince will come, to help 
say what will mpitabiy be Hong 
Kong's long, and lingering, goodbye. 

flP— fkmmmUmni, Wt 

Collision course 

Philip Howard: new words for old 

misguided journos suppose that, if 
they write that a car crashes rmo a 
lamp post, they are implying that foe 
car driver was responsible for the 
accident So they prefer to write 
collide, which implies no blame, and 
will pacify tire lawyer. And so the 
well of English is being defiled yet 
again by hacks. 

The Oxford lexicographers -write 
ironically back, saying that they 
have some evidence from their 
unpublished files that reputable 
writers have referred to collision 
with a stationary object- C. pay 
Lewis, In The Buried Day, writes: 

“My father collided with an as 
which was lying asleep in the middle 
of foe road.'* And John Wain, in The 
Smaller Sky. writes: “His head came 
into painful collision with a wooden 
crate.” We need not attach too much 
value to this evidence. You could 
condemn foe Day Lewis sentence as 
badly constructed. The quotation 
from Wain could refer to a crate that 
was moving. Oxford says that if a 
usage is widely accepted by careless 
writers, but generally avoided by 
careful ones, their policy is to 
include it in dictionaries, but to hbef 
it as disputed. They are having a 

careful look at collision, to see 
whether they should give it a 
warning label in their next edition. 

I do not think that they need to 
bother loo much. There is no 
implication in tire prefix col- that 
both objects have to be moving 
when they dash together. There are 
examples from an early date of good 
writers using collide and coUrtim* 
about one moving and one station- 
ary object “The Blood collides 
against the Sides of tbe Aorta” 
1746. “The collision of the waters 
against the lips of the orifice”, 1677. 

My friend is barking up the wrong 
tree. But 1 am pleased to see that Sir 
James Murray, who edited this 
volume of his dictionary hhnsrif, 
notes that when foe word was .fern 
used of railway trains of ships to 
collision. cl860 to 1870; it was 
objected to assn Americanism. 

Yes, ifs Sales time again! Sales, foe 
game that anyone can play - but 
very few can non! AH last year, 
teams of hand-picked workers in 
Taiwan, Hong Kong and somewhere 
near Bristol have been battling 
against the dock to bring you foe 
season’s first shipment of “Now 
Only £9.99” placards. They have 
been churning ont trousers with one 
leg shorter than the other,, jerseys 
wuh one vital thread missing and 
’toasters which have never fallen to 
bits yet. Goods with all the famous 
brand names of the world, many of 
them spelt correctly, have been 
speeding towards these shores in 
crates marked “Sales Goods - High 
Street. E n glan d ". And. now ifs time 
for you to go out and pit yonr wits 
against crack teams of safes assist- 
ants - if yon can find them! 

Here’s bow the game works. Yon 
go to a department stone to search of 
something you really need, say a 
video recorder. No, that’s ridiculous. 
Nobody really needs a video 
recorder. So let’s say an ironing 
board marked down from £)7 to 
only £12-99. When you get there, 
yon find font til foe ironing Boards - 
baye gone, so you get half a dozen 
pairs Of string gloves and a home 
computer instead. If, an? the other 
hand, you really wanted ^ome gloves 
and a home computer, you find they 
have all gone, so yon get an ironing 

board instead. It’s as simpte as that!. 

But why, yon may ask, do yon 
play Sales right after Christmas, at 
tbe very time when you need to pet 
your feet up? We asked Henry 
Cashmere. Professor of High Street 
Trading at Mfltoa Keynes Univer- 

“War says' foe pro fesso r, “it 
seems that in foe old days shops 
used to have stock: left over from 
Christmas that they wanted to get 
rid of; so they would reduce prices 
from Boxing Day onwards. Now- 
adays. o£ oourae, they wouldn’t 
dream of doing font - they import 
special sales' goods from Taiwan, 
Hong Kong and somewhere near 
Bristol, and fade aH that good stuff 

left oyct from Christmas. They then 

mark foe sales goods with slogans 
like Gigantic Reductions or Prices 
Slashed, Slashed, SJashedT ’ 

What do these slogans mean? - 

“They mean that foe price is 

Yes, you have to be good to win at 
ibe game of Safes. We talked to Mr 
and Mrs Buzzard of Leytonstone. 
who had just been op to town to get 

a -new oooker m foe Sales. They got 
11 S 1 tv* to 

only £399.99. But there was one 

snag. . 

. we sot home, wc found 

that foe pilot flame didn’t work and 
the nags were foe wrong, size. We 
rang up the shop, and got through 

ofay Rro days, fatter. We then foS 
out foat foe cooker we bought was a 
model withdrawn in November and 

foat parts were now unavaifeWer 

“But that’s all the fun of foe game 

of Sales," chips in Mis Buzzard. 
“Some you lose, and others yon 
don’t win. We had a lot of ran, 
especially getting the cooker home 
on foe Tube, and I don't r e gre t it for 
a single moment.** 

O c cas i o na lly people do get a real 
bargain. - Mr Oswald Pyke of Leeds, 
for instance, spotted at fas local 
hardware store a Trident rafewle 
marked down from £12 billion to 
only £19.99. So he got it. He think* 
the reduction was due to the fact 
that it was two years past foe sell-by 
date, but be tots no intention of 
using it anyway. 

“1 couldn't use it without the 
launcher, and they were right out of 
launchers, but foe whole point of 
having a Trident missile is not to 
use it, it's just foe fun of having it. 
Ask Mr Heseltine. To be quite 
honest. Yd gone, looking for half a 
dozen gloves and an ironing board, 
but they were right out” 

Has anyone ever got what they 
wanted in foe Sales game? Professor 
Cashmere again. “Not as suc h. No. 
But that’s not foe point The whole 
point of the exercise is as an antidote 
to Christmas. Christmas is all about - 
buying gifts, for other people; 

wherea s the Safes is an about baying 

presents for yourself; and if you 
know anything about human nature; 
you'll realize which is the more 
important function. After all, people 
have been known to queue for days 
or even weeks in order to take part 
m the Sales, but Z doubt if anyone 
has ever queued for more than 10 
minutes to buy a. Christmas present. 
Human nature, yon see; By the way, 

I went to the Sales this year to w** a 
coople of pairs of corduroy trotzs- 

what did^ou actually get? 

Tins mauve mmizuc board. Do 
you think it suite me?” 

_ Weil, no, frankly. But that’s not 

b£^^&t£ awtowin - 

Thousands of furious Times leaden 
Jawe protested about the absence of 
£oid Moreover, our proprietor, 
from the New Yea* hS 5 
They want to know how the 
government could have Ignored the 

to- dear the Amazon Basin of 
unwanted trees, sell grain to 
.whjopia at a highly advantageous ' 

foe°R JS-l ® bsoic '“ J British secrets 16 
foe Russians and fend millions of 

SfiS? Hatton "via flne af 

»«md peerage by an obsequious 
^JJ^^ncnt but it wasmendy 

woSd^^rj**”® 6 * **«* » 

wufa be. entitled -to use for ofay a 
, year, and then pass rato 
someone like Jeffrey Arctoa\ Uptfef 
frurailiating araunstances he 
^ no alternative but to refuse. • 

... . 

. . _ ... . , a v 





P-O. Box 7, . 200 • Gray’s Inn Road, London WC1X8EZ. 
Telephone: 01-837 .1234 


S t is to be done with Colonel 
iffi’s Libya? A regime that 
nets its own terrorist actions 
ad and which sponsors the 
rism of such extremists as 
tne Palestinian Abu Nidal clearly 
constitutes a threat to inter- 
national security. Gadaffi him- 
self has threatened that any US 
or Israeli attack on Libya would 
lead to an unending war in the 
Mediterranean. Yet it can be 
argued that it is the Libyan 
leader himself who has already 
declared war on many Mediter- 
ranean states, and several other 
countries as well. 

Since 1980 Colonel Gadaffi, 
his sinister Foreign Security 
Bureau and its predecessors have 
waged war on Libyan exiles 
abroad. Britain has been one of 
the principal battlegrounds; 23 
people were wounded when the 
Colonel's men bombed a Man- 
chester nightclub in March 1984; 
Policewoman Yvonne Retcher 
was callously shot from the 
Libyan mission itself a; month 
later. There have been killings 
and attempted killings in Greece, 
Egypt, France, Spain and Tuni- 
sia’ The Libyan people - tra- 
ditionally gentle, friendly and 
unfailingly courteous - have 
become radicalized hnd bruta- 
lized. Revolutionary justice has 
meted out public executions on 
dissidents within the country. 
Libyan exiles, once content to 
plot sedately in the cafes of Cairo 
or London, are now themselves 
prepared to use force, and to die 
in the attempt to oust Gadaffi. 
So far. however, the exiles’ 
eagerness has been vastly out- 
weighed by their ineptitude. 

Indeed, the only effective 
opposition to Gadaffi has come 
from his own armed forces, ■ 
which constitute the most lav- 
ishly equipped army in Africa 
but which seem disturbed at 
their Colonel’s penchant for 
military adventurism and bis 
desire to ensure that revolution- 
ary institutions, and not military 
professionals, have the last word 
on how the army is run. It was 
the army which refused to 

countenance a possible border 
clash with Algeria when Gadaffi 
appeared to be on the brink of 
armed intervention in Tunisia 
last August and September. 

Recent assertions that Gadaffi 
is now providing Abu Nidal with 
the logistical requirements for 
his group's murderous assaults 
in Vienna and Rome have given 
rise to the idea that Israel or the 
USA might find Libya an 
appropriate target for retaliation. 
But there is little likelihood that , 
an Israeli or American air strike 
along the lines of the Tunis raid ! 
last October will fundamentally I 
alter the situation. The Colonel | 
is likely in response to adopt 
even more brutal terrorist 
measures to hit at his enemies. If 
he does not, there is no indi- 
cation that his successors will 
necessarily pursue a more mod- 
erate or pragmatic path. Too 
many Libyan leaders have be- 
come brutalized by proximity to 

In any event, Israeli or US 
retaliation might only increase 
Libyan revolutionary credentials 
and legitimacy in the eyes of 
other Arab states. Yet action 
must be taken to tackle a regime 
which has so consistently flouted 
the norms of international be- 
haviour, a country which has 
annexed territory from a neigh- 
bour in contravention of its 
obligations to the Organisation 
of African Unity, which has 
intervened militarily in no less 
than ihree neighbouring states 
and whose leadership shows no 
signs of remorse or contrition for 
its actions, or the actions, of its 
terrorist client organizations. 

In general, countries which 
have suffered from the offensive 
actions of a country have the 
right of retortion against it. sc 
they can take legal sanctions. 
Formal military intervention, 
however, is usually quite another 
matter. But Libya’s case is not 
usual. If a state habitually 
offends against international law 
it is liable to forfeit its normal 
cast iron defence against external 


The BBC programme Rough 
Justice, was aptly, even propheti- 
cally named. Or so it might 
appear to those who make it. 
That the television inquiry into 
the case of a man jailed for 
robbery, should end with his 
acquittal and the punishment of 
two journalists who helped bring 
this about almost justifies calling 
it “Tales of the Unexpected". 

This is not however to 
question the wisdom of the 
Corporation's decision to sus- 
pend the men concerned for 
threq months without pay. This 
would indeed seem to have been 
a compromise - which took into 
account, the views of the BBC 
chairman and director-general 
who reportedly thought that the 
two men should have _ been 
sacked (for using “unjustifiable 
threats” to get an interview). 

It is rather to welcome the 
news that the Corporation is now 
considering action to clarify the 
guidelines on interviewing tech- 
niques. Taken in conjunction 
with everything else, this sug- 
gests not only an appreciation of 
the need for some change, but an 
acknowledgement that the sys- 
tem. as well as those who operate 
it. should share some of the 

h has been a difficult twelve 
months for the BBC There are 
those in the higher reaches, of 
Wood Lane who might wearily 
ask; “So, what’s new?” But the 
fuss and furore over the Ulster 
edition of Real Lives, followed 
swiftly by the revelation that a 
brigadier from MIS has been 
casting an eye over BBC staff, 
must have made 1985 seem a 
more hazardous year than most. 

One characteristic these inci- 
dents have shared with the 
Rough Justice controversy is 
that they have exposed the 
weakness of an organization so 
large and so imperfectly woven 
that two-thirds cannot always 
know what the other one-third is 

Shellfish and Byron 

From Mr Maidwin Drummond 
Sir. It may seem odd to connect 
your report on the creation of large 
numbers of shellfish middens by 
those who lived in eastern Scotland 
5,000 years ago. with the works of 
Lord Byron (archaeology, December 

The poet's grandfather, “Foul 
Weather Jack", alias Admiral John 

r )d (1723-86) survived the wreck 
the Wager, one of Anson's 
squadron, off the coast of Chile in 
1741. only to be within a trice of 
being thrown f r o m the canoe of 
some Indians who had befriended 
him. John Byron had committed the 
unforgivable sin of throwing his 
empty limpet shells overboard, 

. rather than placing them reverently 
• on one of the shellfish middens that 
. abound in the islands of the Chonos. 

We owe a debt to the old Indian 
( lady who interceded on his bcjialC 
I for without her the crime of Guling 
! U 5 appease the gods properly would 

doing. The BBC is divided and 
sub-divided into so many em- 
pires and far-flung domains that 
responsibility and good sense has 
to be delegated several times 

This applies to a degree to any 
large organization. The difficulty 
faced by the BBC is that any one 
of these divisions is extraordi- 
narily exposed to public scru- 
tiny. It is rather like a footballer 
who perpetrates a foul behind 
the referee’s back - but in full 
view of a crowded stand. One 
might at least expect that each 
player is made aware of the rules. 

This is admittedly much more 
difficult than it sounds - and 
especially so in the case of a 
programme like Rough Justice, 
it is cjearly absurd for a reporter 
who is investigating, say, alle- 
gations of police harassment, to 
outdo the police in harassing bis 
own witnesses to gain evidence. 
But where does one draw the line 
between the kind of dogged 
questioning which might win 
him a Pulitzer prize and the 
coercion which could earn him 
the sack? 

That there is a line to be 
drawn is undoubtedly true - and 
most journalists of any experi- ! 
ence would know where it 
should go. But it is hard always 
to describe it in a way that would 
restrain the over-impulsive with- 
out too tightly shackling the 
diligent in vesfigative journalist. 

The National Union of 
Journalists has shown itself to be 
aware of the difficulty in calling 
for “guidelines” as opposed to 
“clarification". Meanwhile there 
arc of course bodies to whom 
complaints can be made, like the 
Press Council and the Broadcast- 
ing Complaints Commission. 

Whatever the difficulties 
however there remains a clear 
case for the BBC to put its own 
house in order - and the news 
that it is trying to do so is very 

have been fetal to both the 
midshipman and to his grandson’s 
contribution to our poetry and 

Yours faithfully, 


The Manor of Cadland, 

Cadland House, 


Southampton, Hampshire. 

Scant recognition 
for the police ? 

From Sir Eric St Johnston 
Sir, In the New Year Honours list 
published on December 31, out of 
an establishment of 63,700 (1984 
figure), the Royal Navy was given 
two KCBs, three CBs, four CBEs, 1 1 
OBEs, 15 MBEs and 19 BEMs. The 
Army with an establishment of 
161,500, were given two KCBs, six 
CBs. eight CBEs. 20 OBEs, 43 
MBEs, while the Royal Air Force, 
with an etablisbxnent of 93,100, were 
given one KCB, three CBs, five 
CBEs, 11 OBEs. 26 MBEs and 22 

In contrast, the police service of 
the United Kingdom, with an 
establishment of 142,000 in 1984, 
were given two CBEs (one to a 
civilian), one OBE, five MBEs and 
14 BEMs. 

The Royal Ulster Constabulary 
lost 25 men on active service in 
1985, yet only two RUC men were 
included among the 15 officers 
awarded Queen's Police Medals. 

The GovemmenL which prides 
itself in its support for the forces of 
law and order, has given scant 
recognition to the hard work and 
devotion to duty by men and 
women in the police service during 
the past 12 months - a year in which 
the police have probably faced 
greater difficulties than ever before. 
Yours faithfully, 


Old Swan House, 

Great Rissington, 


January 3. 

No honour for Geldof 

From Professor P. Havant- Williams 
Sir. Some years ago colleagues of 
mine were offered a civil decoration 
by a foreign power .for their 
“ international contribution" to their 
sphere of work. American, Dutch, 
French, t German and Russian 
colleagues received then decorations. 
British colleagues were not allowed 
to do so, because the government’s 
rules do not allow British citizens to 
receive decorations for international 

No doubt the same argument in 
reverse is being used for Bob Geldof 
- the government would not ma ke 
an award for international work to a 
“foreign citizen". 

This kind of arguement is surely 
out of date now that the British 
Empire is not synonynous with the 
world! The omission of Bob Geldof 
at least saved the embarrassment of 
the derision over what to give him - 

It is not hard to guess which, 
given the snooks he cocked at the 

Yours etc, 

Department of library and 
Information Studies. 

University of Loughborough, 


January 1. 

Bench and bar 

From Lieutenant-Commander J. B. 
Lamb. BN 

Sir, A “long ship", which is how 
sailors customarily describe any 
mess, home or establishment where 
refreshment takes a long time in the 
offering or arrival, is a hazard to be 

Dr Lash’s plea (December 28) 
deserves support To ensure ready 
access to a pub bar, perhaps a double 
yellow line (no waiting except for 
loading or unloading) would be the 

Your obedient servant 

Burrow House, 




December 29. 

Unfriendliness in outpost of Empire 

From Mr Denis Hetherington 
Sir, As a past resident of the British 
colony of the Turks and Caicos 
Islands I was very interested in 
Simon Winchester’s article (Decem- 
ber 27). I wonder whether he realizes 
that if Britain is keeping her col onial 
subjects at arm's length, the reverse 
is also true. , 

For instance, after seven years 
residence in the Turks and Caicos 
foiftrwifc the national of any other 
country can qualify for “belonger” 
status. This confers the right to Uve, 
work and cany on a business 
without re validation of the necess- 
ary permits: also, a “betonger" can 
change his or her employment or 
type of business without inter- 

Royal imprint 

From Mr Jim Milne 
Sir, Concerning Mr Connac Rigby’s 
suggestion (December 24) that the 
Post Office change the “rather 
girlish silhouette" of the Queen on 
postage stamps, may I remind him 
that Queen Victoria retained her 
youthful image until the end of her 
long reign, on her British stamps at 

Yours faithfully, 


S High Street. 

Swavcsey, . Cambridgeshire. 

Sporting firsts 

From Mr Fritz Spiegl 
Sir, There are many apparent 
references to football in the Bible 
(Sporting Diary. December 28), such 
as Exodus XXXVI, 33: “And he 
made the middle bar to shoot 
through": and Nahum’s line remi- 
niscent of the free-kick position: 
“They make haste to the wall thereof 
and the defence is prepared." 

For the referee Revelation X, 2 
has: “And he had in his hand a little 1 
book, open . . . following the 
exhortation (Revelation i, II): 
“What thou seest, write in a book.” 

The line in 2 Kings, “Then Elisha 

said shoot, and he shot ” was 

clearly a prophetic reference to the 
great Liverpool goalkeeper and 
penalty-saver Elisha Scott, a team 
which more recently had St John 
playing in midfield. And not long 
ago one of two brothers in the 
Birmingham City team amid truth- 
fully confirm that he was indeed his 
brother’s keeper. 

Yours faithfully , 


4 Windermere Terrace, 

December 31. 

Deaths in S Africa 

From Mr Anthony L. Teasdale 
Sir, Your report (December 30) of 
the death in a car accident of white 
anti-apartheid campaigners Mrs 
Molly Blackburn and Dr Brian 
Bishop, and the injury of Dr 
Bishop’s wife, Di, should occasion 
grief and sorrow on the part of all 
committed to peaceful chang e in 
South Africa. 

In July, 1983, 1 and several other 
officials of the European Parliament 
toured South Africa to see the 
political situation there ax firsthand. 
Three of ns had the enormous 
■privilege of spending a day with Mrs 
Blackburn, and the Bishops touring 
black squatter camps in the Cape 
Province and visiting other areas 
where whites were neither welcome 

There is an exception - “be- 
longs!” status is never accorded to 
British UK citizens who, if they wish 
to live and work in the islands must 
re-apply every year for the permits 
required. Authority for the issue of 
these permits is in the hands of 
locally elected council members. 
Decisions are often questionable and 
the British Governor, takes no part 
in these matters. 

Although aware that British 
colonies are run on the basis that the 
interests of the native population are 
paramount. I can see no reason why 
Britons should be actively legislated 
against in favour of foreign 

The policy of discrimination is 
resulting in Providenciales, one of 
the Caicos Islands, being turned into 
a neo-colony of the USA The 

Kennedy heritage 

From Mr Isaac T. Graves 
Sir, I read your recent editorial 
concerning the senior United States 
Senator from Massachusetts with 
considerable interest (“Senator 
who?" December 21). My purpose in 
writing is not to defend Senator 
Kennedy - he is perfectly capable of 
doing that for himself - but to 
correct certain other inaccuracies. 

Massachusetts has the lowest 
unemployment of the 10 largest 
industrial states in America, leads 
the nation in high technology 
medicine, and education, and is a 
major financial center. The econ- 
omic recovery of Massachusetts is 
well documentated and reflects an 
area that can hardly be termed a 
“rust bowl" state. 

Moreover, the liberalism that you 
decry in Senator Kennedy is part of 
the political and social heritage of 

Monopoly powers 

From the Director General of the 
Federation of Civil Engineering 

Sir, In his letter to you of December 
18, N. G. Allen drew attention to the 
use by some local councils of their 
powers of public purchase to impose 
their views on totally unrelated 
political issues on their contractors 
and suppliers. 

Clearly it must be wrong for 
public authorities to seek to penalise 
_ firms by denying them work for no 
better reason than that the firms 
have undertaken mayor nuclear 
defence contracts for the elected 
national Government In so doing, 
local authorities are not only seeking 
to interfere in matters of national 
defence, over which they have no 
proper jurisdiction, but are also 
putting at risk their general duty to 
secure the best posable value for the 
public money which they spend. 

By the same token, it seems to us 
undeniable that the national 
Government owes a duty to its 
contractors and suppliers to ensure 

Lessons from Swiss 

From Alan Searle 

Sir, May another Britisher who has 
also lived a number of years in 
Switzerland, and who has been 
intimately connected with that 
country all his life, add a few words 
to the excellent letter (December 27) 
from Mr W. Farr? 

The great Swiss success story is 
founded on their willingness always 
to compromise in politics wherever 
possible. Whether or not this is due 
to the influence of Jean-Jacques 
Rousseau I cannot say. As the Swiss 
will explain rather dolefully. “We 
stagger from one soggy compromise 
to the next”. And then they add 
more cheerfully, “But it works. In 
practical terms it delivers the 
goods". This was boro, not from 

Wind in the wires 

From Mrs John Miller 
Sir, To Mr Aker’s regret (December 
27) for the loss of the “haunting 
moan of the wind in the wires," may 
I add a memory of my childhood? 

I used to press an ear to one of the 
tall wooden poles and listen, 
enchanted, to the feint twanging 
buzz that I could then. hear - the 
voices, I believed. Of rnagfoal 
strangers talking to each ether across 
the spaces of the world. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Okl Stables, 


Newbury, Berkshire. 

by the blacks nor normally permit- 
ted to enter by the Government 

The work of all three, ranks in my 
view as perhaps the most selfless, as 
well as dangerous, in the service of a 
great ideal that I have ever 
witnessed in my life. They were 
welcome everywhere and were 
treated with love and affection by 
dispossessed blades in {daces where 
the arrival of whites normally 
heralded fear and intimidation, if 
not violence. 

This was especially tire case in 
Crossroads, where their humani- 
tarian support was very moving to 
an outside observer such as myself; 
and highly prized by a population 
living under the constant threat of 

Mr Bishop was a leading figure in 
the Catholic Church, whilst ms wife 

majority of business is in the hand* 
of Americans. The island ^ been 
provided with an international 
airport paid for by the British 
taxpayer, but the British presence is 
at such a low level that most visitors 
are unaware that there is any British 

Simon Winchester makes the 
point that the islands are longing for 
recognition from Britain. In my 
three years’ residence there I saw 
little evidence of this attitude. The 
islanders are quite happy to accept 
money from the British taxpayer 
which subsidises the entire econ- 
omy. Their views are coloured by 
Blade Power philosophy which 
considers Britain is responsible for 
the woes of the blade -people, and 
that Britain must continue to foot 
the bill for all time. 

The British Parliament must 
decide what to do with these islands. 
The British colonial administration 
is completely ineffectual. The Chief 
Minister is at present in a US jail for 
accepting bribes from drug smuggl- 
ers; the islands are used openly by 
these smugglers. 

The Turks and Caicos Islands are 
a drain on the British taxpayer. 
Britain must re-establish its auth- 
ority or the islanders must sort out 
their own problems independently, 
as do the in ha bitants of the near-by 
ex-British Bahamas. 

Yours faithfully, 


143 Whipps Cross Road, 
Leytonstone, El I. 

December 29. 

New England, a region that has 
contributed much to the life of the 
United States. 

Another important point to 
correct is that Mr Kennedy is not an 
“Irish politician from Massachu- 
setts". * He is an American, with an 
Irish heritage certainly, but Ameri- 
can nevertheless. 

1 trust your comment did not 
assume that western US voters 
would not support an elected official 
of Irish heritage; that might be a 
considerable surprise to President 
Reagan. We are, as John F. Kennedy 
pointed out, a nation of immigrants, 
from many lands, but all Americans. 
As is Massachusetts’ senior senator. 
Yours faithfully. 


Director, Europe, 


85/87 Jermyn Street, 

St James, Swl. 

December 23. 

tha t they are under proper statutory 
protection against such tactics. 

On April 18, 1985. William 
Waldegrave, the Minister for Local 
Government, in a debate on this 
topic, did indeed give a dear and 
unconditional undertaking that 
legislation would be introduced in 
this session of Parliament. He has 
recently, however, abandoned that 

The result is that firms who 
entered into nuclear defence con- 
tracts with the Government in good 
faith, relying on a ministerial 
undertaking that protection would 
be forthcoming, now find them- 
selves exposed to further harassment 
and potentially . very damaging 

In the view of my federation, the 
Government deserve severe censure 
for abandoning principle in favour 
of political expediency. 

Yours faithfully, 


Director General, 

The Federation of Civil Engineering 
Contractors, CowdrayHouse, 

6 Portugal Street, WC2. 

Rousseau theorizing, but from sheer 
necessity to survive surrounded by 
much larger nations and not always 
very friendly. 

There was a time when we in 
Britain were the envy of the world 
for our willingness and ability to 
compromise in politics. We had to. 
as a small island nation dependent 
for survival on large overseas 
commitments and foreign trade. 
Today we seem to have lost this 
ability to choose the via media, and 
this at a time when, in different 
circumstances, it is required just as 
much as previously. We now go 
from confrontation to. confrontation 
as right and left refuse to concede an 

Yours sincerely, 


67 Fitzgerald Road, El 1. 

Art and design 

From Mr Quentin Blake 
Sir, It would seem from a recent 
newspaper report that the President 
of the Royal Academy need look no 
further for evidence of the inter- 
relationship of art and design than 
the academy's own restaurant ' 

The china for the restaurant has 
been decorated with designs by the 
painter Philip Sutton, RA; and it has 
proved so irresistible to the public 
that it has had u> be withdrawn 
before it disappears entirely. 

Yours faithfully, 

30 Bramham Gardens, SW5. 

and Mis Blackburn worked hard 
within “Black Sash" - a peaceful 
white women’s organisation cam- 
paigning to help the black majority 
use the few legal rights it possesses 
against the arbitrary enforcement of 
the law. The Pretoria Government 
has, of course, tried to s upp ress 
Black Sash's activities, not without 

It is a tragedy that South Africa 
should lose work such as theirs: 
without moderate, democratic oppo- 
sition whites operating within the 
political system for peaceful change, 
tire fete of South Africa will be gnm 

Yours faithfully, 


36 rue Bosquet, 

Brussels 1060, 


December 30. 

Charity letters 
without appeal 

From Mr John M. Montgomery. 

Sir, A Every company with which I 
am connected receives a large 
number of charitable appeals. I 
would like to make some general 
points which might be considered by 
those who wish to submit appeals. 

Half of the appeals submitted to 
my company do not fell within our 
■policy guidelines. I would suggest 
that it is important to find out the 
policy of the prospective donor 
before submitting an appeal. 

Charities should set out succinctly 
what the object of the appeal is. In 
one extreme case a major national 
organization sent out separately six 
different sets of documents from 
which it was virtually impossible to 
find out what the object of the 
appeal was. Submissions should also 
be brief; one national charity sent a 
46-page appeal, a waste of paper and 

Yours faithfully, 


22 Red Lane, 




December 31. 

From Mr Ian Ross 
Sir, I wonder how many people 
realize that, amidst all the euphoria 
of the clearing banks claiming “no 
bank charges", charities are exclud- 
ed? This is certainly so in the case of 
our own bankers. 

Yours truly, 


UK National Director, 

International Christian Relief, 


16 St John’s Hill, 



January 2. 

Future of Westland 

From Sir Christopher Cockerell, FRS 
Sir, Westlands own the British 
Hovercraft Corporation. Do we 
want our hovercraft know-how to go 
to the United States via Sikorsky? In 
the United States, 100 hovercraft are 
being built for the navy. 

In this country, hovercraft devel- 
opment is stagnating for l»nk of the 
sort of help it would be receiving in 
'he USA or France or Japan or 
Germany - or Russia, which has 
many hovercraft. 

Acorns cannot survive to grow 
into saplings and then oak trees 
without cultivation. 

I should say that I have no 
connection with the British Hover- 
craft Corporation, and no finan cial 
interest in hovercraft. 

Yours sincerely, 


16 Prospect Place, 




January 5. 

Interest on policies 

From the Director of the National 
Consumer Council 
Sir, Mfr Oppe [December 30] misses 
the point about interest on life 
policies. Of course, the actual 
payment of the proceeds of a policy 
should be delayed until evidence of 
death and the entitlements of the 
claimant have both been proved. 
What is scandalous is that any 
insurance company should take 
advantage .of the situation by not 
adding interest to the proceeds 
during this period, in effect giving 
itself an interest-free loan at the 
beneficiaries’ expense. 

The proposed revised statement 
of long-term insurance practice is 
quite unacceptable. Interest should 
be paid from the date of dea th , not 
from two months afterwards. Con- 
trary to what Mr Oppb says, sums of 
money are being unfairly withheld 
from beneficiaries. 

Yours faithfully, 

National Consumer Co un cil, 

18 Queen Anne’s Gate, SW1. 
December 30. 

Fires on the farm 

From the Director of the Fire 
Protection Association 
Sir, Your correspondent’s report 
concerning arson . on farms (Spec- 
trum, December 27) rightly draws 
attention to a serious problem. In 
one important respect, however, his 
picture is incorrect. He reports that 
agricultural arsonists comprise farm- 
ers seeking insurance money, coun- 
try dwellers with a grudge against 
farmers and “genuine arsonists" 
who derive a thrill from flames. 

In point of feet most arson, 
whether on farms or in factories, is 
Mcsnrifltwt with vandalism. Children 
and the young are frequently 
involved- In particular, his passing 
reference to industrial arson as being 
a by-product of the recession, with 
businessmen defrauding insurers, is 

A seminar arranged in November, 
1985, in Brussels by the European 
Conference of Fire Protection 
Associations confirmed that 
.throughout Europe die major cause 
of arson is vandalism. 

This seminar identified a pro- 
gramme of action for governments, 
fire brigades, police, insurers and 
managements to help begin to 
overcome the scourge of arson 
which is now costing hundreds of 
millions of pounds a year. In this 
fight against arson it is vitally 
important accurately to identify the 
true motivation of arsonists. If not, 
then the remedial measures applied 
win be largely wasted. 

Yours faithfully, 


fire Protection Association, 

140 Aldersgate Street, EC 1. 

January 2. 


JANUARY 6 1820 
WUtiam Cobbett (2763-1835) and The 

Times ware bitter enemies and rivals 
for oner 30 yean. Cobbett founded his 
weekfy Political Register in 1800 and it 
became die mice of the working dene* 
In their attacks on each other the tun 
Journals gave no quarter - the 
Register 'a “bloody old Times'', 
countered by Printing House Square's 
"old Cobbett's paunch" is one example 
of their vituperative style. Yet on 
Cobbett '» death The Tunes ioaa 
generous - "We never deliberately 
injured him . . . and in his grave we 
should be sorry to offer him any 

injustice ”. The reference to Tom Paine 
(1737-1809) arises from the 
didumatian in 1819 of his body from 
his grave in America by Cobbett who 
brought it to j Liverpool. 


We are disposed to give a few words 
of sound counsel to some of our 
cotemporaneous writers, in which act 
we may perhaps encounter the usual 
of unsolicited advisers - that of 
giving offence; yet the desire of doing 
good «t£D “pricks us on." Mr. Cobbett, 
it is understood, means to attempt, as 
he once did before, the establishment of 
a daily paper. Some of the homely 
adages of Mooses Poor Robin 
Improved, generally published at this 
time of the year, may give him hope, 
both of moral and pecuniary advantage 
in this enterprise. "It’s a long lane 
“without a taming?* and "once a 
rascal, not always a rascal". These are 
dicta which may inspire him with a just 
ambition. Let hi™ not abuse with the 
utmost coarseness one day, a man 
whom he praises with equal violence 
the next: but kt him have come regard 
to his own word and recorded opinion, 
and then others may respect them. We 
would wish him seriously to consider, 
that there perhaps never was a man 
with his powers, (which yet he greatly 
overrates) so thoroughly an object of 
contempt as he is, since the English 
language was written, from his, we 
hope, stiQ corrigible habits of lying and 
swearing, and swaggering and libelling, 
and praising, without the slightest 
regard to truth, proprie t y, subsequent 
detection, or self-contradiction. The 
people to whom be writes, are, we fear, 
in a great degree, such as he used to call 
thwn, and as he will, no doubt, call 
them again; still they *** not quite so 
brutal as, by his mode of treating them, 
he seems to suppose. They would 
rather have the man who addresses 
them decent, respectable, and (for the 
sake of his opinions at least, even 
though they care nothing about 
himself) consistent, uniform, and 
unimpeachable, than the very reverse 
of all these. Their enemies have a 
powerful hold upon them, in represent- 
ing them as the followers of a brutal 
demagogue, who says and unsays the 
same thing in a week. Was any thing so 
horrible ever heard of, as his vowing 
that he would so abuse Sir Francis 
Burdbtt, that the Baronet should 
destroy hmwlf . and be buried in a 
cross-road for suicide; and soon alter 
offering to shake hands, on condition 
that the person against whom the 
malice was denounced, should bring 
into Parliament the slanderer, and 
another worthy, of similar, but perhaps 
something more decent habits? The 
annals of extortion present no attempt 
at fraud so atrocious. We hope, for the 
sake of "the respectable part of the 
press” into which this Mr. COBBETT is 
now again endeavouring to raise 
himself, that he will give up such 
practices. As to the bones which he 
calls Tom Paints , (this, we may 
observe, nobody believes) - but as to 
the bones, to whatsoever animal they 
may have belonged, we will advise what 
to do with therm There is nearly 
apposite to Shoreditch-church, a sign 
to this effect - *The best price given for 
“old bones.” Thither let COBBETT take 
them, and sell them for as ranch as they 
will fetch; and let the wadd hear no 
more about them. 

Strong influences 

From DrM. J. C. Walker 
Sir, Jack Straw's article on the 
“Masters of the Universe” (Decem- 
ber 28) raises the Labour Party’s 
American xenophobia, already at 
fever pitch in some quarters, to new 
levels of absurdity. While not 
professing a great liking for He-man, 
Skeleton ana their ilk, 1 do find 
these toys preferable to the plethora 
of guns, swords and war games 
(mostly non- American in manufac- 
ture) that litter the shelves of most 
toy shops. 

Moreover, I am surprised that Mr 
Straw is concerned that the “perver- 
sion of morality” and “gratuitous 
violence" that be sees as implicit in 
the Masters of the Universe is likefy 
to have an adverse effect on his 
small son, when he himself appears 
to have emerged relatively un- 
scathed from the often appalling 
levels of violence, to say nothing of 
the racism, fascism, sexism and 
victimisation of weaker individuals, 
that are -the stock in trade of the 
comics to which he admits a 
childhood addiction. 

By the way, my five-year-old 
daughter must be a worry to Mr 
Straw. For some time now she has 
been hooked on the Care Bears - 
also an American product. I suppose 
her mind is being warped by an 
excess of kindness pnd concern for 

Yours sincerely, 


3 Maesycoed Road, 



December 28. 

A pressing need 

From Commander David Bird,'RN 
Sir, The title of one of the leaders 
today (December 30) is “The pips 
still squeak". How is this done? I 
have tried with o rang e, lemon and 
apple pips and I cannot make them 
squeak. I am sure that some of the 
readers of The Times can supply the 

M pwnlfmfl I reniatn, 

Your obedient pipsqueak; 


The White House; 


Nr PetersfiekL 





January 5: Divine Service was held 
m Sandrin gham Church 
mo rning 

. The Bishop of Jarrow preached 

A service of thanksgiving for the life 
of Mr Michael Holman, former. 
Chwf Executive of The West ofj 
“Bland Ship Owners Insurance 
” ycts Limited, win he held at AD- 
™w*»t^the-Toiier, Byward 
ggggl. London. EC3, at 11.30am 

Birthdays today 

Msgor K_ G. Adams, 66; Lord 
Baliotrr of Burleigh, 59; Sir Ashley 
Braman. 70: Major-General Sir 
Hamish Campbell 81; Sir Robert 
Clark, 62; Mr John Croft, 63; 
Lieutenant-General Sir Martin 
Famdale. 57; Mr Barry John, 41; Mr 
P. J. Kavanagh. 55; Lend Plowden, 
79: Miss Sylvia Sims, 52; Mr 
William Sirs, 66; Mr J. P. Sowden, 
69; Sir Cedi Staflbrd-King-Harman, 
91; Sir Andrew Urqohart, 68; Sir 
Ernest Woodroofe, 74. 

Antigua holiday 

Prince and Princess Michael ofKent 
have flown to Antigua for a holiday. 
They were booked under -■*s«tmed 
names when they left Heathrow 
Airport on Friday by a scheduled 
British Airways flight. 

Clifford Longley 

J ewish-Christian relations strained 

Jewish-Christian relations in 
Britain, normally excellent, 
were under stnun lost year 

because of the activities of 
Christian missionary organiza- 
tions, particularly at univer- 

A working party of the 
Council of Christians and Jews 
is to draft a statement which 
leaders of the main Christian 
churches will be asked to sign, 
repudiating “unfair” conversion 

The Jewish community, par- 
ticularly the Orthodox, is angry 
at the allegedly high-pressure, 
and sometimes. devious 
methods employed by Evangeli- 
cal Protestant groups of the 
“Jews for Christ” variety. 

They would like nothing less 
than the repudiation of all 
Christian attempts to convert 
Jews, and there are some Jewish 
leaders prepared to threaten a 
withdrawal from the Council of 
Christians and Jews unless such 
undertakings are secured. 

The churches' representatives 
zn those negotiations have 
pointed out that a churchman 
even os exalted as the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, say, has 
no control or sway over 
Christian fundamentalist 
missionary organizations. 

It is becoming apparent, 
however, that behind the 
Christian position in the dis- 
pute lies a more basic difficulty: 

Although there has been no Protestant theologians, partics- 
objection to the mainstream larfy in Germany, have moved 
churches is Britain, the issue from one to the other. The 
may force them to come dean present Pope has declared that 
about their basic attitude to die God’s new covenant did not 
Jews and Judaism. imply the abrogation of the old. 

The best they Can j do is to 
mge Christian theologians to re- 
examine the Christian attitude 
to the Jews at that basic IeveL 
It is certainly a fit sufgect for 
the ‘Doctrine C ommis si on of the 
Their further difficulty is that so tint the Jews have retained Church of England; So far, 
they have, by and large, given their “chosenness” through however, the Jewish response 

little thought to the theological 2,000 years of Christian history. *“-*■ — " — — ‘ 

questions at stake, unexammed So far, however, there has 
inherited assumptions having been little reflection of such 

thinking in British Christian 
cxrdes* Catholic or otherwise. 

hitherto been found sufficient. 

Those are, simply, that the 
coming of Christ marked the 
close of the era when Israel was 
the chosen vehicle of God’s 
dealings with man. The church. 

has been dismissive of such an. 
approach; as one Jewish- rep- 
resentative said recently; “We 

don’t want theology,, we warn 

. They cannot, of; coarse, 
concede dm the Jewidi right to 
exist should be dependent on 
nuances in ‘Christian . theology: 
they would not have survived 

Those few who do think like 
that are usually closely associ- 
ated -with - Chnstran-Jewish re- 
. lations already. In the church at 
the new Israel, replaced it; for large in Britain, doubts about 
the New Covenant (made the rightness of converting Jews 2,000 years of Christian hos- 
th rough Christ) automatically tends to be associated with tflity that way. Indeed iris tbeir 
cancelled the Old (made doubts about convert in g any- very survival independent of 
through Abraham.) body at all, for reasons which Christianity, in sprte of per- 

il is for such reasons that have nothing to do with sedition, that presents Christia- 
many Jews, and an increasing theories about the con turning nity today with compelling 
number of Christians, have validity of the Old ConvenaaL evidence of that, other more 

come to regard a Christian But that too is a minority ancient covenant, 
church founded on such a basis opinion; among the majority. That they wish to defend 
as essentially and inherently the assumptions of 50 years ago young Jewish students from 
antisemitic. It leaves no room survive unchanged. Unlike the opport u nist campus evangelism 
for Jews to continue to exist as rest of Europe, Britain has not ' is more evidence of Jewish 

such; so their only relevance to 
Christianity is as potential 
converts to it. 

It is a more profound root to 
Christian antisemitism than 
those already identified and 

been through the trauma of the 
Nazi holocaust, has there- 
fore not felt the need to se a rc h 
its conscience. 

Even to" withdraw from at 

commitment to that Covenant. 
In Christian terms, without that 
commitment in the distant past, 
there would have been no 
Christianity, and that is the 
paradox at the heart of Jewish- 

, - , least nominal prosdytism of - 

repudiated, such as the charge Jews . is to an tral Christian relations. 

agains t the Jews of “deitide” for Christian ideas about salvation In Jewish terms, Christian 
having lolled Christ. But there through Christ. It is hardly a proselytism is an invitation, to 
is a logical progression from the step to be taken in the name of he unfaithful, to break the 
repudiation of that sort of religious neigbbouriiness; Jews contract which God made with 
Christian doctrine logically does antisemitism to the repudiation wwiM r«^dfT «hanrfntiin» Abraham. Ifit is still in force, as 
demand that Christians should of the deeper kind. their own concept of their the Pope says it is, it should not 

want Jews to become Chris- Many Roman Catholic theo- convenant with God just to . be dishonoured, by Christians 

turns, or so it seems. logtans and a number of maw chr in tia™ wow , or by Jews. 

Mr H. R. G. CottereU 
Miss C S. Bcckwitb-Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between Harry, eldest son of Sir 
John and Lady CottereQ, of 
Garnons. Herefordshire, and Caro- 
lyn. elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
John Beckwi ib-Smith, of May banks 
Manor. Rudgwiek, Sussex. 

Mr R.C.W. Baxter 
and Ms P. J. GBdeweH 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert C.W., son of Mr 
and Mrs J. D. Baxter, of Spring Hill, 
Cuddington. Cheshire, and Pene- 
lope Jane, daughter of Sir Iain and 
Lady Glidewefl, of Oldfield, Knuts- 
ford, Cheshire. 

MtD. M. Williamson 

and Mbs K. A. White 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of 
Marshal of the RAF, Sir Keith 
Williamson and Lady Williamson 
of Burnham Market, Norfolk, and 
Kate, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Edward White, of Parley, Surrey. 

Mr A. H. Beckingbam 
and Miss A. Woodcock 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs R. F. Becki ogham, of RosS-on- 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr R. F. Dark Mr D. J. S. Llewellyn 

and Miss E. F. Mathews and Miss P. V. Fox 

The engagement is announced The 

MrLM. Synge 
and Mbs G. £. X. Brooke 
The. engagement is announced 

between Robert, younger son of Mr 
and Mis J. F. Dork, of Altrincham, 
Cheshire, and Elizabeth Frances 
(Gussie), only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs M. D. Mathews, of Rye, Sussex! 

Mr T. J- Draper 
and Mbs R. L. Gower 
The engagement is announced 
between Tun. second son of Mr A. 
Draper and of Mrs E. Oven, and 
Rosemary, youngest daugh:cr of Mr 
and Mrs A. Gower. 

Mr P. A. Egan 

and Miss M. G. Darts 

The engagement is announced 

between Rusty, fourth son cf Mr 

and Mrs J. P. Egan, of Harrow, and 

Miranda, elder daughter of Canon 

and Mrs Rex Davis, of Lincoln. 

engagement is announced 
between David; elder son of Mr and 
Mrs M. D. Llewellyn, of Charhrood 
House. . Ropley, Airesford, Hamp- 
shire, and Pru, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs W. Fox, of High House, St 
Bees, Cumbria. 

and Mbs J. Pritchard-Jones 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs Robert Mandril, of 
Stoneygate, Leicester, and Julie, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs R. 
G. Pritchard-Jones, of Coed Hywd, 
Pontllyfhi. Caernarfon, North 
Wales. ■ 

Mr D. A. Mann 
asd Miss R.J. Kite 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and Mrs 
J. Mann, of Ainsdale, Southport, 
and Rosemary, daughter of Dr and 
Mrs L. V. Kite, of Bromley. Kent. 

Mr P.G. A. Mason 

Mr S. G. Gramm 
and Mbs S. J. Buckley 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Guy. younger son of 
Mr and Mrs L. M. Gmzinai. of 
ffighfickl House. Osminston Mills, and Miss H. R. Naylor 

Mr m™* 1 ! nf Doraet, and Susan. daughter of Mr The engagement is 

Mr and Mis J. Woodcock. of and Mrs M Buckley, of 2 famine — 

Way, Wyke, Regis. 

MrS. J. Holt 

and Miss E. G N. Wratfcall 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, son of Mr S. G. .... 

Holt and the late Mrs M. R. Holt, of am* Miss S. Owen 
Sprat ton Manor, Northampton- The engagement 
shire, and Catherine, eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs J. G. G. WrathaU, 
of East Haddon Hall, Northampton- 


Mr A. Best . 
and Miss S. E. Jenkins 
The engagement is announced 
between Ashley, youngest son of Dr 
and Mrs F. Best, of Poulton le 
Fylde, Lancashire, and Sian Eliza- 
beth, only daughter of Canon and 
Mrs D. T. L Jenkins, of Carlisle, 

between Patrick, son of Mr and Mis 
Brian Mason, of Hadlow, Kent, and 
Helen Ruth, younger daughter of 
Professor and Mis Ernest Naylor, of 


Captain J. J. C. Bncknall 
and Miss T. J. F. Barrett 
The engagement is announced 
between James BucknaU, Cold 
Stream Guards, second son of 

is announced 
between Warren, son of Mr and Mrs 
W. W. Oliver, of Lake Oswego, 
Oregon. United Slates, and 
Susansc. daughter of Mr asd Mrs R- 
T. Owen, of Wuppertal, West 

Mr N. H. Pontin 
aad Miss J. E. Marshall 

Mr D. J. G Harrison 
and Mbs A. M. Nilsson 
The engagement is 

, - „ . - „ _ _ . „ . between Douglas James Christian. 

Captain and Mrs R. C. BucknaU, of e M ett «« of Mr and Mrs Iain The engagement is announced 

S*ephonse Cotta®?, Tarrant Gun- Harrison, of Craighat, Killeam, between Neil, son of Mrs J. E 

ville, Dorset, and Tess^ yminger Stirlingshire, and Anna Margareta, Pontin. and the late Mr K. Pontin, — — „. 

daughter ot Colonel and Mrs C M. y^n ^ r- daughter of Mr and Mrs of Lingfield, Surrey, and Jaqnriine, John Richard Tremayne, ton of Mr 

Barrett, of Tuggal Hall, ChatbiD, ^reNiissoXof Uppsala, Sweden, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs K. R. and Mrs H. A Wfflb, of Kesfle. 

PP ^ k ‘~’ of Maidenhead. Berk Wadebridge. Cornwall to Katharine 

between Lanto, eldest son of Mrs 
and the late Mr J. S. Synge, of 
Baflmglen. co Wicklow, and Gcoigi- 
na, youngest daughter of Lieotes- 
ant-Commander and Mis G_ A. G 
Brooke, ofRatcombe, Susrex. 

MrA J.TDlard ' 
and Mbs &J. C Wys«k Wdght 
The engagement 
between Andrew, second son of 
Major-General sad Mrs P. B. 
TzHaid, of Chailey, Sussex, and 
Sarah-Jane eldest daughter of Mr C 
R. W. Wysock Wright, of Scaynes 
Hill, Sussex, and Mrs H. T. Bohu, 
of Boxtoa Cottage, AMwinck, 

Major P.CGTnmsdea 
and MbsS.CS. Parker 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip Tronsdefl, The 
Royal Irish Rangers, sou of Colonel 
and Mrs P. J. G Trousrfrii, of 
BerJrington. Bath, Avon, and Sally, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs R. 
D. Parker, of Beckenham. Kent. 

Mr R. W. TyrwhHi-Drake 
and Mba J. M. Hissey 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, elder son of Mr T. 
W. Tyrwhftt-Drake, of Toronto, 
Canada, and Mrs M. A. Tyrwhitt- 
Drake, of Sussex, and . JuBfc, 
youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs R: 
J. Hussey, of Croxley Great, 
Ridanans wotth 

Capt D. G Wltittaker 

The engagement is annnimrwi 
b e t w een David Whittaker, Royal 
Engineer*, son of Mr and Mrs R_ w. 
Whittaker, of Heathfield, Sussex, 
and Rosamund, daughter of Mr and 
Mix K. S. B. Fentam, of 
Rotherfleld, Sossex. 

Mr J. R. T. Wflfis 

and Mbs K. A. White 
The engagement is announced of 


Mr I. D. Cole 

and Miss A. J. Vandenberg 
The engagement is announced 

shire, and Alison, daughter of Mr 

MrD.W. Hanter 
and Mbs F.F. Teak 
The engage m ent is announced 
between David, younger son of the 


Mr N. Rpwley 
and Mbs L. M. Moraadi 

The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, son of Mr and Mrs 
vSSSiJZ "Xf Glasgow, and Fiona, elder daughter ofWddmgam. famw. 

MHfoIdSn f of Mr and Mrs M. B. C- Teale. of ?" d ^?<^ta‘OfMrandMisE 

Mil l ord -on-Sea, Hampshire. South Femng. Worthing, West Motandi of Milan. Italy 

Mr N. Camming Sussex, 

and Mbs D. Vaughan Williams Mr M. J.D. Hutchinson 

The engagement is announced oadMbsL. A. D. Hamilton 
betwren Norman,, ddat son of Dr The engagement is announced 
wid Mis Absteir Cummmg. of between Michael son of Mr aad 
Rancho Palos Verdes, California. Mrs A D. Hutchinson, of Prinstcd, 

Hampshire, and Lucinda, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs J. Dundas Hamilton, 
of Kensington, London. 

and Dorcas, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Ralph David Vaughan Wil- 
liams, ofSoutbwick. Sussex. 

Mr M. D. B. Fmrcr 
and MbsGIVL Barton 
The engagement n announced 
. between Martin, youngest son of 
Commander and Mrs K. D. Frcwer, 
of The Grange. Upton Scudamore, 
Warminster, Wiltshire, and Caro- 
; line, daughter of Mr and Mrs D. B. 
Ban on, of Dillics Farm, Cirencester, 

Mr S. M. Kemp 
and Mbs E. T. Kerr 
The engagement 

is announced 

Mr M. J.Sackm 
and Mbs T. Memo Glass 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael son of the late Mr 
A L_ Sackin, of Sheffield, and of 
Mrs M. Sackin. of Finchley, 
London, and Tessa, daughter of Bor 
and Mrs T. Munro Glass of The 
Barbican, London, 

Mr N.R. Stewart 
and Mbs S. A. Broadfoot • 

The engagement is announced 
between Neil Robert, younger son 

Anne, daughter of Major and Mrs 
W. H. White, of 1 1 Church Street, 
Ifedstaw, CorowalL 

Mr J.D. WBb 
and Mbs J. Woodbridge 

ThC HlMWftTlHlt 

betwemJaemy. son of Mr and Mrs 
D. A. Wills, of Evesham, and Jane, 
elder daughter of Dr and Mrs P. A. 
Woodbridge, of Eastbourne. 

Mr D. A. Wright 
and Mbs E.L. Anderson 
The engagement is announced 
between David Andrew, son of Mr 
and Mrs K. R. Wright, of Mill 
House, Pondera Endr Middlesex, 
and Emma I/mbe, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs W. G. Anderson, of Great 
Amwefl, Hertfordshire. 

Mr A.O. Zetter 
and Mbs J. Dahbtrom 

between Simon Mark, only son of of Mr and Mrs Jade Stewart, of The engagement is announced 

Mr and Mrs Derek Kemp, of Tonbridge. Kent, formerly ■ of 
Horsham, West Sussex, and Ellen Montrose, and Ann, only 

Theresa daughter of Mr and Mrs daughter of Mr and Mrs Robert 
James Kerr, of Borcham Wood. Broadfoot. of Epsom, Surrey, 
Hertfordshire. formerly of Dumfries. 

between Adam, son of Mr Paul 
Zetter, CBE, and Mrs Zetter, of 
Chelsea, London and Join, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Dahhtrom, of 
California. United States. 

32 nd London intematfaTaf 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include ' 

Dr Janet Lews, who is in charge of 
rematch at the National Children’s 
Bureau on behalf of the Department 
of Health and Soria! Security, to be 
assistant director (research) of the 
Joseph R own tree Memorial Trust 
from March 3. 


Incorporating the 


Dont miss the dazzling display of thewry latest 
products In tfte world of boating, and In complete 
co n trast the period centrepiece- a nostalgic reminder 
of air boating heritage. Exciting features ahound too! 

There's canoeing by world champions, mini-submarine 

and old hard-hatted diver 2t worR and the TMSffY Rose’ 
Display Follow progress in the Whitbread Round the 
World Race, watch musical Fashion Shows sponsored by 
Bardaycard or haw a go at subaqua diving, so come on in 
...fora great day out! 

tterranmiBriC M Bia ru t ef SEat 

Presented by the SBBNF& daily express 

Lord Mayor 

8 The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress entertained children 
connected with the Gty and 
London boroughs at a fancy dress 
party at the Mansion House on 

Latest wills 

Miss Morgnet Sc u da mo re , of 
Richmond upon Thames, left estate 
valued at £260,754 ' net. Alter 
bequests .of £5,000 and personal 
chattels she left the residue equally 
between Girton College. Cambridge, 
and Godolphm and Latynin 
School London. 

Mr Albert Frederick Worboys, of 
Gulden Morden, Cambridgeshire, 
left £456,024 neL After bequests lie 
left the residue equally between the 
RNIB, the Imperial Cancer Re- 
search Fond and the RNLL 

Other est a t es include (net, before 
tax paid): 

Barham, Mr Ivan Robert Henry, of 

Chipstead, Surrey £417,012 

Salman, Daria Notcutt, ofPatcham, 
East Sussex- £329,845 


Mr A. G-G. Bennett 
and Mbs Z.D. Spencer 
The wmriw. took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St Mary 
the Virgin, Hobnbuzy St Mary, 
Surrey,- of Mr Adam Gordon 
Greverns Bennett, younger son of 
Mr and the Hon Mrs Frauds 
Bennett, ofLondon, NW3, and Mbs 
Zo£ Diana Spencer, daughter of the 
bite Professor T. J. B. Spencer and 
of Mrs Spencer, of London, NW1. 
The Rev J. B. Thomas officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Mr Robert Walpole, 
was attoided by Nicholas Bennett, 
Giles Coopfcr and Tamsm Nutter. 
Mr Rfo Cooper was best maa. 

and Mbs N. Conte 
The marriage took jrfaoe on 
December 21, at the Parish Church. 
Oialfoat St Giles, of Mr Erie 
McCSean and Mbs Nicola Came. 
The Rev Denham Bayiy Janes 

The bride was given in marriage 
by her stepfather. Captain Donald 
Morison, RN, .and attended by her 
half-sister. Miss CnnHiH« Morison. 
Mr James was the best man. 

. A reception was held at the home 
of the bride. 

Mr P. J. Malein 
and Mbs LM. Robinson 
The marriage took pbiy in 
Mochrum Parish Church, Wigtown- 
shire, Scotland, on Sa&uday, 
December 28, between Mr Patrick 
Maiein, son of Mr mid Mrs A. 
Malein. of Sutton Courtenay, 
Oxfordshire and Brussels, and Miss 
Isabel Robinson, daughter of Mr D. 
R_ Robinson, and of the late Mrs 
Isabel Robinson, of Whauphfll 
Wigtownshire, Scotland. They- will 
live in Papua, New Guinea 

Mr G. G. A. Monty 
and Mba G D. T. Tanner 
The Marriage took place on New 
Year’s Eve in Both betw een Mr 
Geoffrey Guy Andreas Monty, son 
erf 1 Mr and Mrs Geoffrey Monty, of 
Eden bridge, and Miss Carolyn 
Down Teresa Tanner, ddest 
daughter of Major and Mrs John 
Tanner, of Bath. A reception win be 
held in June in Bath. 

and Mbs A. Ta 


cut, afMrNiad RnsseU, second son 
of Mr and Mrs Ernest RnsseU, of 
Keston, Kent, and MBs Alexandra 
Tanner, daughter of Mrs Harold R- 
Holmward and Mr Frederick G 
Tanner, both ofGxeenwich. 

The bride was attended by her 
sister. Min Frederica Tanner, and 
Mr Michael G Lewis was best man. 

Royal Ascot 

The list for applications for the 
Royal Ascot Enclosure has opened. 
Those wishing to apply for vouchers 
should apply personally, in writing, 
to her Majesty's Representative, 
The Ascot Office, St James Palace. 
London SW1A IBP, before April 
30, stating the foil names of those 
members of their families who 
require vouchers and their ages if 
b e t w ee n 16 . and 25 years. New 
applicants mast apply before March 
31 and will be tent forms which 
sh ould be completed and signed by 
a sponsor who has been granted 
admission to the Royal Endosure 
for at lean eight previous years. No 
forms will be considered if they are 
returned late ot incomplete. In the 
event of the list of new applicants 
being over-subscribed, it may be 
necessary to hold a ballot for Gold 
Cup Day on June 19. If that should 
occ u r, new applicants win be 
informed of tie result in May. In the 
endosure ladies will wear formal 
day dress with a hat, which must 
cover the c rown of the head, and 
gentlemen win wear morning dress 
with tophat, ot service dress. 



■ ■ >V • 

Novdist of thejcamera eye 

. . Christopher Ishcfwood, the 
novelist aoo playwright, died on 
January 4 in California which, 
had been his home for the past 
forty-five years.Hewas.81. 

Xsherwood ‘was one of the 
most brilliant fig ur es among the 
li t era ry generation which 
emerged in the decade before 
the last war, and books like Mr 
Navis Changes Trains and 
Goodbfe to Berlin appeared to 
predicate for him a leading 
place among, novelists writing 
in English- 1 If bis ‘ closest 
admirers felt that thus promise 
was not fulfilled nevertheless 
Isherwood continued to be at 
least a skOful entertainer in a. 

variety of modes. .... 

Until 1939: he was a dose' the world of grotesque fantasy 
aj ywnrinte of W. H. Auden with which . he inhabited with nis 

whom be lived for some time friend “Chalmers'* (afterwards 
and with whom he.collaboraied identified by him as Edward 
On several verse plays. Upward) while he was at-. 

Bom in 1904, Christopher Cambridge. \ 

William .Bradshaw Isherwood This fondness ‘ for _ the ^ 

Single Man. bcautifalty 
lated short novel in winch ae 
broke with his former first 
per son -s ingular mann er Jto de- 
pict a day m the tift of a British] 
teacher of literature m an, 
American college. Disii- 1 
f usioned, shrewdly observant as 
always, and funny in a new way. 
A Single Man was nevertheless, 
in essence, once more only 
thinly disguised autobiography. 

■ 1966 saw die publication of 
Exhumations, a collection of 
critical articles, short stories 
and occasional poems which, 
though delightful revealing 
in themselves to the Isherwood 
aficionado, did not add very 
much to the known persona of 
the author. In 1967, however, 
be produced yet another new 
departure, a novel told mainly 
in a series of letters between two 
brothers, Patrick, the elder, a 
Oliver, the 

publisher, and 

_ younger, about to take his final 

rarm» from' an old established fantastical comes out strongly in \ vows in an Indian monastery, 
north country •" family, against- the (days which, after his \ In addition, Patrick’s letters to 
ft whose traditions be showed departure from Germany, he ' ,fc “ — — 

himself; d the h tymilng nf his began to write with Aud en . In 
literary career,' to ~be in extreme spirit, one might say, they show 
: revolt. a highly original mixture of 

He was educated at Repton Freud,. Mara and Edward Lear, 
la pd at Corpus niqei PAn<-gr especially the first The Dog 
Cambridge. He studied Beneath the Skin, which was 
medicine for a tiwu* at King's' produced by Rupert Doone’s 

College, London, and .then, after Group . Theatre in 1935. The 
the publication of his first novel Ascent of F6 followed in 1937, 
AU the Conspirators in 1928, left- and On The Frontier in. 1938. 
for Berlin where he earned a After his expedition to China 
modest living -as a teacher of with Auden in 1938 (which 
■English ha The Memorial, his resulted in the joint travel book 
second novel (1932), some of Journey to a Wca% Isherwood 
the psychological tensions left for America, applied for 

American - citizenship, and 
eventually settled in California 
which remained , his home for 
the rest of his life. He had 
always been strongly attracted 

by.toedno^Taflraction STScrt feE^to toip™ 
movement to power in which produced one of his most ^ H «.th in the Fust World 
.. . - entertaining nouvdles. Prater 

behind this turn in his life may 
perhaps be glimpsed. 

It was during these years, 
•which saw the world economic 
•crisis of 1929-30 and the rise 

their mother, to his wife, and to 
the young man he has secretly 
fallen in love with, form an 
essential part of the narrative. 

Though short «pin in com- 
pass, A Meeting "by the River 
shows Isherwood's story-telling 
powers at their most cunning, 
and his presentation of the 
basically dissembling self-satis- 
faction of Patrick, and the 
emotional see-saw in Oliver’s 
attitude towards his brother, are 

For several years after A 
Meeting by the River Isherwood 
devoted himself to a project 
that had been in his mud for 
some time: a study of the 
relationship of his parents 
through his mother’s diary and 

Germany, that he gathered 
material for the books on which 
his popular reputation was 
based. Mr Norris Changes 
Trains, published in 1935, was 
the story of an entertaining 
scoundrel told with great 
humour and in prose remark- 
able for its conversational ease 
and lucid freshness of imagery. 
Essentially, however, like its 
successor. Goodbye to Berlin. 
pieces of which had appeared in 
the earliest numbers of New 
Writing, it was an ironic and 
compassionate picture of Berlin 
during the death throes of the 
We imar Republic and of the 
foreign birds of passage who 
were drawn there temporarily 
for one reason or another. 

In these two books Isherwood 
perfected the technique of the 
“camera eye”, a deceptive 
description for a narrator who 
was never, under the surface, 
less than a partial observer of 
the scene. 

In his autobiographical book 
Lions and Shadows, published 
in 1937, Isherrtood showed 
the same gift for comic yet 
affectionate portraiture which 
had been outstanding in the 
Berlin stories, but on this 
occasion in ■ free sketches 
of youthful friends and 
contemporaries who were des- 
tined to become famous literary 
figures, under such easily 
penetrable pseudonyms as 
“Hugh Weston” and “Stephen 
Savage”. In some ways the most 
interesting revelation of Lions 
and Shadows was Mortmere, 

Violet - and worked on and off 
as a script writer in Hollywood. 

When America entered the war 
be declared his pacifist convic- 
tions and joined the American 
Friends’ Service Committee. 

At the same time his interest 
began to grow in Yoga and 
Vedanta, and he took on the 
editorship of Vedanta and the 
West in 1943. With Swami 
Prabhavananda he translated- a 
number of Indian religious 
f-jgggif -g i ncluding the Bhaga- 
vad-Gita. He also wrote a 
biography Ramakrishna and his 
disciples. After the end of the 
war in 1945 he made several 
visits to England, and a long 
expedition to South America,, 
about which he wrote The 
Condor and the Cows (1 949). 

The Berlin stories were given 
a new lease of life by the 
adaptation which John Van 
Droten made of Salty Bowles several scripts for television 
for the stage; a success which films, all in collaboration with 
was followed by a film on the his friend, the artist Don 
same theme. The film in its Bachardy. The autobiographical 
turn, was made into a musical, Christopher and his Kind 
though without Isherwood's co- appeared in 1 977. 
operation; and the musical by a Isherwood was of compara- 
fourth transformation, into the tively short stature, with strik- 
highly successful musical film ing blue eyes under bushy 
Cabaret eyebrows, a tall forehead and a 

Meanwhile, be began to write dominant nose, and prided 
fiction again, though in the himself on his physical fitness 
opinion of some critics not right intohis later years. He had 
always with the same sure touch an engaging sense of humour, 
he had displayed in his earlier often touched with bis own 
novels. The World in die brand of macabre fantasy. He 
Evening came out in 1954, was elected a member of the US 

National Institute of Arts and 
Letters in 1949. 


The surprises of Kathleen and 
Frank (1971) are, first, that 
Prank is revealed as a soldier 
whose deepest desire was to 
devote himself to artistic 
pursuits, and who wanted 
Christopher - above all “to 
remain himself”; and that his 
mother, clearly a stronger and 
more conventional character, 
while providing the charge that 
made bar son revblt against all 
the rules of life she held most 
sacred, became happily rec- 
onciled to him after his settling 
in California and bis activities 
in America; because these steps 
were in an unexpected way, and 
as it were in a different key, the 
fulfilment of what she had 
always wanted for him. 

Later, he became interested 
in making stage adaptations of 
his shorter novels, and wrote 

Down there on a Visit in 196Z 
This was followed in J 964 by A 


Dustin Gee. the comedian taste of showbusiness came 
and impressionist, died in while playing at night in a rock 
hospital on January 3 at the age band and when the band split 

Science report 

wciwmijrsaiMdiTWtW (Bkih 
,"r~, i >.7 reoti^i muctnicswvour 
cfwi iViZBwsr* rerun m Jflotns jr me 
Cn jt; i ^ n- centre, rrvaua a^un 

snne Jfr Jiwwiiwit w ith 

cr.:, fr. grTtyjfr jiwwjiwitBi g ft 
r.VCrcaniKfS RgntWOWi (M 
Aaj&wsuanmKnaliauaevkc H* 

Basis coyr.i 

until January 12 « 

Giving robots a sharper vision 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology C or reap on deat 
An e le c t ro nic device to abarpen . The ciectranCe aeamr fa a mi- As the p — «■ — - ffce 

moving t derision Images, which r o nd oct o r rfiwgi , mqihd device wflm is “mad” from the s tor ag e 
would be parfknbuiy osefel in the (CCD), c wuiirtiin ef two array* of - area, one few at a thee, to create 
broadcasting of sport gad monitor- metal oxHasiHcea capacitors. One the electrical sfanafa be dfeBln. 
ing assembly Baes control led by is sauftfre to the j fcf e imm a. 

“seeing” robots, has been dnd- h “ ,n “ ■*«—'■» ■ * ■— 

oped by British Aerospace. 

Research tar the unit, a rideo- 
i magfng pro cessi ng system 
(\TFS), was dime ai British 


array, p rotected from light by _ 
opaque mask. Is a atninma far 

technology department at 
nag e - 

AccardZng ta the designers: 
“Sea si ttrlty is controlled, aad 
considerably more derailed and 
sharper images are obtained ef 
moving objects. The s y s te m also 
ena bl es video I mag es to he 
■mnfpidated in a variety of hit 
ways which will t e raUUM f 
extend the otafty and 


ritl mil Af fir m ” 

> decrial mtlM ■ lui r n Mt- 
tag the sides pktnre Is baBt to* 1 b 
the first array over a period, 
typically 20 HTHerr^di (a 
wflHwaam d ta a thoosandfh of a 
second), tor a tatastataa system 
epnstliigatSOTTiiiti freqmmj. . 

The- irrsmnlstrl ridea ptetme 
frame,, jtaro krirfcia l'ftem. fa than 
tmasfemod to the image i 
aze*s*«r*tb* desks. . The 


tapld metion ta the 
moiace taming in the pktsn. 
The defies hewenx, can shorten 
the I ntegatt on period, fast as the 
shatter speed can be rotated ta a 
ed to 

of 43. He was admitted on New 
Year's Day after collapsing with 
heart attack while appearing 
in the pantomime, Cinderella . 
with bis partner, Les Dennis. 

Gee had been in show^ 
business for 20 years before he 
and Dennis became national 
figures through the zany tele- 
vision show, Russ Abbot’s 
Madhouse From this they 
branched out into their own 
programmes. Go for It and The 
Laughter Show, a new series of 
which has just started on BBCI. 

Bom in York and brought up 
in Manchester, Gee studied at 
Art School and worked as an 
artist in stained glass: An early 

up he derided to try his hand as 
a comedian. 

He met Les Dennis in 1975 
when they appeared on the 
'television show for impression- 
ists, Who Do You Do? They 
developed a wide and dever 
repertoire of impersonations, 
from Hollywood actors like 
Robert Mitchum to characters 
from Coronation Street and the 
rock stars Boy George, David 
Bowie and Mick Jagger. 

Mr Arthur Henry Seymour 
Vivian, who died on December 
22 at the age of 86. was Clerk of 
the Skinners’ Company, 1941- 

45. • . - 


Phil Lynott who was lead 
vocalist with the rock band 
Thin Lizzy dining its most 
successful years, died in hospi- 
tal in Salisbury on January 4. 
He was 35. 

Lynott; who was Irish, came 
to prominence in the world of 
’pop music in 1971 when Thin 
Lizzy had their first hit with a 
reworking of the Irish folk song 
“Whidcym the Jar”. 

Thereafter, with Lynott as its 
lead singer, the group had great 
popularity throughout the Sev- 
enties and early Ei ghth s until 
1984 when it broke up. 

Among personal hits for 
Lynott were “Dear Miss Lonely 
Hearts”, “King's Call” and 
“Yellow Pearl”. 


The Jodd School 

The governing body of The Judd 
School have appointed Mr K. A_ 
Starting, Deputy Head Master of 
Portsmouth Grammar School to be 
bead master in succession to Mr D. 
P. Rendafl, who is retiring in August 

Northwood College 

The gov e r nors of North wood 
College have a ppo in t ed Mrs D. 
Dalton, head of mathematics -at 
Claremont High School to be head 
mistress from September 1986, on 
the r et ir e m ent' of Miss M. D. 
HiDyer-Cole ax the end of the 
.Summer Term- 

Grammar School 

Lent Term brains t o morro w with 
Simon Hill as brad of school. The 
school in conjunction with the Ugh 
school will present GodspeU on 
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and 
Saturday. March 19 to 22, 1986. 
Term ends on Thursday, March 27, 

Wilson’s School 

Lent Term begins today and ends 
on March 27. Lieutenant-Colonel 
W. R. Bowden has been re-elected 
chairman of the g ove rn ors and 

Association will hold their annual 
dinner on February 21 at the schooL 

Royal Grammar School 

Lent Tom beams today and ends 
on March 2L The examination for 
entry at 1 1 to the first form in 1986 
will be held next Saturday, January 
1 1. The junior play. The Boy with a 
Cart, by Christopher Fry, win be 
pres e n te d on February 13 and 14; 
the seniors will present The 
Prime Dona, by Ionesco, and 
Schaffer*! Blade Comedy onMareh 
13, 14 and IS. The choral society 
will perfor m die Poulenc Gloria in 
the Civic Hall on March 18. The 

Major-General EL A J. Sturge rice- Oxford and Cambridge dinner «n 
chairman. W. R. Jackson remains be held on February IS at Queens’ 
school captain. The captain of College, rtwbwu. The' annual 
swimming is G. S. Re nnie s. The dinner of the Old Gtdldfcadians 
annual school conceit takes place on Association will be held at the 
March 25. The Old Wflaotriansr school on March 21. 




London, 54-55 New Bond Street, 
W1A 2AA Teh (01) 493 8080 

Socfaebyh Conduit Street Sales 

‘Rule Britexmiar 

A loan exhibition of Marine Works 
of Art and Paintings to be hdd at 
Sotheby’s in London in aid of the 
RNLL "Open from tomorrow m«g 
Vfcdnesday 29th January; Monday 
to Saturday, -9 am go 5 JO pro; 
Sundays, 2J0 io 5.80 pm. 

fotafonuaiiAw!taipiBU&)«ttd Ent ra nce free hot a donation for die 

T wlnuuri iiiiTT.iQl 11 jili mm RNLI would be gntrihBy reoened. 

JotwTktocc.lU: (01)4938060 Illustrated catalogue £2- 

Weds- 8dc 10.80 am: Furniture. 
Tburs. 9th: 10-30 am and LS0 pin: 

Sussex, Summers Place, Bfflhwshunt, 
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Hies. 7tlu 10.80 am: 02 Buntings, 
Waztcofama and Prints. 

Weds. Sdc 10.30 am and £80 pu 
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Tins. 9th: 10 JO am: Bnrffr ud 
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faitetdCtwriti and 7 
WkIi of Ait. 


* Vi 

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- _ ‘■A. 

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• !"£i ~ 

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ji- - . 

- -tj f *‘ 

- \ .~i' 




6 1 9«6 



According to the 
January 4, 1986, Aloernanni* 
died. that day in. Paris in I960 
Tberatry for January 4, 1987 (a 
glimpse mto foe-future) dedans 
. foal-T. S. Biot died on the same, 
day but in 1965: Why Gamusn 
aBwwcd his place of -death arief 
EHpt not I do not know. .The 
entry ;for January * 6, 19*6 
reveals (and that has to be .the 
verb, especially as I cannot Sad 
the - gentleman’s entry in the 
DNB) that William. Sherlock 
Smtt Holmes was bom in the 
North Riding of -Yorkshire, cat 
that date in 1854. ‘ y 

This information, and hun- 
dreds of other .facts, recondite 
or more obvious, are contained 
in" the .Kvetifcsr of -titermy 1 , 
diaries, Weaerstone's for 1986. 
There is a clever qua (set by* 
Antonia TiB and J" * ‘ 

that is worth £3,1X10. in 
prizes: the closing date 
entries is St’ Valentine’s m. 
There are quotations : galore 
from authors aaefont and 
modem, even a ~ history of foe- 
Booker McConnell Prize? for 
Fiction and alist of the winners 
and shortlisted tides, from 
1976. The compilalibn -.hand- 
somely produced, with. gDt 
edges and a hike leather binding 
in Walerstone’s hot chocolate 
brown — is edited -byr-Hekai 
Walker. . .'. . 

% matters not a fig but i£ like 
me, you are .amused by foe - 
accidents of fine than have W. 
Somerset Maogham and Vagi- } 
niff Woolf share a birthday, and 
Samuel Beckett rand John 
Braine likewise, this must be the 
diary for yotL ■ ~ 

* : . \ . 

Ian Nome, arguably^ Britain's, 
most influential individual 
bookseller, by t dint nof foe 
location, of Tnsremporium * bn 
Hampstead’s High Street and 
bv his _ sometimes. abrasive,, 
often reactionary column in foe 
trade fortnightly. Publishing 
News, tuts heeu urging that 
Frank Delaney should resign as 
chairman of the National Book 
Leaguei The reason? Because^ 
apparently, Mr Delaney ,has 
rarely been . sighted at the : 
league's headquarters,; Book 
House ini Wandsworth, where 
the league-in-exile is sited. 

My sympathies are .substan- 
tially with Mr Delaney who, 
single-handed (ar - rather- 
voiced). ' has ufeno i» reccun^ 
years 'for 'books: and reading 
what McDonald’s oootinne to- 
do for hambnrgere. In the past, 
chairmen .of foe JQ-year-oId 
league have nsed foe office - 
albeit unwittingly, X am certain 
- to boost their own literary 
interests, "whether they have 
been pubfisher or author, and 
the roo kinds of bookmen have 
alternated in office; Some; tike 
Michael. Holroyd,; have been, 
genuinely disinterested; others, 
like Simon Hornby ~of W., H. 
Smith,- have - aenaSfiy and 
indirectly -used ix la advertisb 
their own company** involve- 
ment with books. . ■ : ' V 

Mr Delaney has no need of 
exposure. Instead, he lms kept a 
low profile v is poWBc - in 
private, he has castigated 



Magic distilled into sentimentality 

Nicholas Nickleby 


knew so well and to make from 
them a narrative grammar which, at 
least in foe present-tense chapters of 
his later novels, foreshadowed that 
of the cinema screenplay. It .is 
It is appropriate that the home of crucially a technique of selection 

T, ,L- 1 ■ . n 


: «> 

• M- 

Mjritari Slherrv as Nidwha Nidclehy p mfwring hif fmm the 

t*- ■/. ■ heartless money-men 

Bazdofetiy should play host to this 
apotheosis of Dickensolatoiy before 
its spring season in Newcastle and 
its 12-month tour of America. The 
cult of E nglish Literature has many 
paradoxes: here is a massive, 
second-rate novel brought to life in a 
.massive, first-rate production by 
TrevorNunn and John Caird. First- 
rate, that is, in terms of casting, 
technical fluency and razor-sharp 
ensemble playing. . In terms of 
psychological absorption or 
- emotional engagement, it is not even 

“We should try not to muddle the 
functions of the Arts’*, cautions 
Dame Sybil Thorndike in her 
introduction to the O.UJ?. paper- 
back of Nicholas Nickleby - foe 
book, one might say, of the 
television serial of the stage play of 
the book. Dame Sybil's argument, 
that the perspective of the novel- 
reader and foe rinemagocr is 
radically, divorced from that of the 
theatre audience, is & . point so 
obvious as to demand repetition. 

Dickens’s supreme artistic 
achievement was to take foe 
vocabulary of theatrical effects he 

and distillation. To remove the 
selective intelligence, to replace the 
sim|le omnipotent eye with the 
diffuse and pedestratian organiza- 
tion of live theatre, is to qualify the 
brandy with grape-juice: the magical 
exhalations drown, and what remain 
are rhetoric, charade, sentimentality, 
costumes, funny names: in a word, 

Perhaps these things constitute 
Dickens’s appeal for our age (and I 
give you the commercial successes 
of Oliver! and Pickwick). David 
Edgar’s adaption of Nickleby, re- 
vived here with a substantially new 
cast after its convincing conquests of 
the West End and Broadway, seems 
to have been designed with a specific 
modem audience in mind, from its 
introductory exposition of foe 
Nickleby family's circumstances at 
the beginning of tot 1. to the last 
chorus of “God Rat Ye Merry, 
Gentlemen’* some eight hours of 
stage time later. 

It is the same audience;, one 
suspects, that enjoyed the National 
Theatre’s Mysteries and Ann Jelli- 
coe’s “community*’ plays, the last of 
which Mr Edgar himself wrote. 

Above all, it is an audience which 
thrives on the rather bogus sense of 
“involvement” fostered by such 
entertainments, which relishes 
hobnobbing with the players in foe 
aisles and which thrills to have 
muffins tossed into its lapi In some 
curiously oblique and glutinous way. 
this kind of theatre has become a 
secular substitute for church attend- 

the beginning of tot 2 is a 
masterpiece of compression, econ- 
omy and wit; elsewhere, the 
parcelling-out of Dickens’s sub- 
Aulhorized Version rhetoric (“And 
there came one evening . . .** etc.) 
becomes mannered and tiresome. 

Michael Siberry plays the title- 
role as a half-crouched, perpetually 
embarrassed and tentative light- 
comedy actor. John Lynch’s Stroke 

Church or circus, both parts of is fully crouched - an emaciated, 
this production are excruciatingly twisted, shivering cripple who really 
J _“ JJ does look as if he might have been 

drawn by “Phiz”. The true stars of 
foe company are Frances Cuka as 
foe maternal windbag Mrs Nicklebly 
and the prissy Miss Knag; Clive 
Wood as the bone-crushing John 
Browdie and the gravel-voiced 
bounder Sir Mulberry Hawk; and 
Jane Carr, who gives three remark- 
able impersonations of Fanny 
Squeers, Miss Snevelicci and Peg 
Sliderskew and a fourth, all too 
briefly, as a seagull. 

• In my review of The Gingerbread 
Man ! erroneously stated that David 
Wood had adapted his play from foe 
children’s books of Helen Nicboll 
and Jan PienkowskL This should 
have referred to Mr Wood’s A (eg 
and Afog Show: The Gingerbread 
Man is bis original work. 

Martin Cropper 

distended. In trying to persuade foe 
Curdles to buy tickets for foe 
Crummles’s play, Nicholas hope- 
fully explains “Well there are a lot 
of people in it, and it is very long” - 
an arch interpolation from Mr 
Edgar's pen which appears to 
apologize in advance for foe ha m 
production of Romeo and Juliet in 
Portsmouth. The novel says “The 
Romeo was received with plaudits 
and unbounded favour” and that is 
that; this adaptation strings it out to 
a good 20 minutes’ worth of gleefiil 

The RSC are very good at it, of 
course - perhaps at some future date 
they' will treat us to a full production 
- and one can see how it is meant to 
contrast Kate's tribulations at foe 
hands of the heartless money-men 
with foe innocent exuberance of the 
moneyless heart-men. In this 
respect, foe five-minute update at 


People hi s Britain are now in touring the suburbs of Britain 
reruns danger of -acquiring with good news for ansus p ecti ng 
np sians ^of money Jiy mortals. - 
— or so h wootd seem The writer, Eric Paice, had 
from foe: jank mail interleaved set op some intriguing life 
with ^feasible pabBrifion or scenarios to be catalyzed by foe 
foropgh die: nation’s cash - a teacher about to leave 
ho^es. Strike 'It Rick! her emb i tte r ed husband for her 
"J was a new Saturday married lover, an unemployed 
. . „ serial aboot a youth hi Jove with motorbikes, 

djspirate group of people about an alcoholic antique dealer 
ftfiriurit asbt-fignre gmneacfc whose wife is pickled in 
>-iTh$» : gpod Jbrfone, was mt scepticism, a spinster daughter 
provocative': acts about to be set free from her 
to Jane ■ or tyrannical invalid mother. . 
for : «n American To. thicken the plot; a suave 
card, which deluge dty type, accompanied by a 
-..with offers of glossy Sloaim ghtfriend. Is hot 
draws or his V on foe heels of foe detective 
urs. Iimtp<d mating bi^s on behalf of foe 
theyan inhmtfors of shares in a company who want to take over 
’ somewhat like the agency. It was a fascinating 
shares ' were tale fold competently, although 
worthless for years, but now the m smidgeon of wit and a soupcon 
ley -Agency is hot city news of style would have enlivened 
a: .private hrrestigafor is fohigs considerably -foe overall 

tone .was of bread-and-butter 
BBC prime-thne drama. 

Strike It Rich! was totally 
without pretension, a virtue 
beyond the scope of Video ARce 
(Channel 4), a 90-mixnte docu- 
mentary about the New York 
composer David Del Tredki and 
his sequence , iff pieces inspired 
by Lewis Carroll’s Altec strokes. 

The director, Bryan Izzard, 
ased some stimulating tricks to 
help tiie' audience through 
staged discussion on topics such 
as Ss tiie me of repetition 
proper m modern classical 
music?" or “is David’s mode 
really aptown-East-Coast-foi^ 
mal or do w nto w u - West-Coast- 
laid-faack?”. However, tiie indi- 
crous posiness of foe New York 
high culture set pervaded foe 
programme and could not be 

Celia Brayfield 

a tour 

f-Nprfo America. The company 
hasbeen there only once before, 
And that , was 35- years ago, 
before .most- of its present 
members were born. - Prep- 

Richard Luce, Mmiste for for 
Arts, far not providing mare {. 
money. r for literature " r . apd 
commissioned " h.'~\ dasriy- 
guarded report on foe future of: 
foe NBL, starting frojn the 
question ofwbefoer 'it hjttone. - 
As for .. the ^apd 


director. Mariya Go&And ho, 
confidant If ftfr ■ Nettie writes 
that Frank Detentiy should* 
resign, it is dear thtf foaxrxnmi 
and directw do noifiee eye to 
e>-e as to the NBL’s ftiture. . 

. o’. o"rr, .' - 

Any menlkm of poetry in this 
column brings outraged corre- 
spondence poising in. -When a 
few weeks Indrog behind 
foe shade of . Dr Johnson, I 
suggested that if m> man but a 
blockhead ever 'wrote, . except 
fra- money"; T«» slapped : on 
foe wrist by several Traders. The 
distinguished ^g otbor J o hn Mil-, 
chell wrote: ?L suspect that foe 
term" vanity , publishing was 
popularized, oy . commercial 
publishers to piotea then: 
monopoly^"-- : - 

He -suggested fintiw, and I 
would not disagree, “Many 
good : miteis. have begun by 
pursumg -personal enthusiasms, 
or obsessions, and their first 
outlet has often beat one of the. 
small literary, scientific or 
specidtenluregr joamab - which; 
flourish among ns ' With hcm 
official encamagHnat and, so 
it seems to.iiKvaie at foe root of 
modern culture*' 

Another -reader; ; Donald 

Madgwitk^ founded Hazelwood 

Books for AgpecifiC: purpose. “I 

am a Vanity puWisber’ 1 iT you 
choose to use foal term, only tn 
the sense that. 1 brought out a 
book of my own, at my own 
expense, ami with no intention 
of acting as a- f pmtp > for other 
authors . ■ “ 

The book; is ’ wefl printed, 
illustrated and smithy bound. 
Entitled A Modem Don Juan, fc- 
is a 600-smhza poem of energy 
and expertise. Cofin Wilson has 
compared it. javonrably to 
Byron’s Don- Juan .and to 
Auden’s Letter la Lord Byron . 1 
\vouM also, biff X' can "live 
without Byrou- Is it because tte 
author atmnts to-having -pub- 
tidied it iumself that It has not. 
been re vie wed? {Copies are 
available; rated; £4-95, wxn 201 
Woodade. Green, Londrm SE25 

E. J. Haddock 



Sadler’s Wells 

After xts London season ends on 

T.Tli Griffiths, who danced her 
first. SwaniWa on Saturday 
afternoon, has stood out ever 
since she joined foe company 
for the bright alertness of hor 
dancing in even the tiniest roles. 

Galina Samsova and Miarion 
Tait Hantam was more im- 
pressive, ' however, in Leg 
Patineurs, where he restores the 
sense of mischevious fun that 
has sometimes been lacking 

gjg^SwflertWelb Royal S^foe ^ana from foe ballet lately, b^to 

Ballet- sets off for a tour of -- - - - * ■ — ■ — — c 

herself over three acts, each 
making ^different demands of 
personality and style, she met 
foe challenge confidently, ably 
and with a smiling sweetness. 

arateon forfoe visit must ^ Se^seSnd^lteL 

Jarge faifoe schedules, but that. 
has Sofia ^way dimmedfoe £$5 

dancing until cheeky confi- 

Two other men followed 
David Binlley into foe title part 
of Petrushka at successive 
performances. Alain Dubreuil 
seems to concentrate on the 
pathos: in that respect he is 
most convincing. Graham Los- 
tig tries more for the rebellious 

Deapond Kelly’s amiable, intd- 

™ ' PWtomanc^ ^ unmistakably crazy *8 *nes more tor toe reoemous 

sWeBs dnnng foe past, gfo^iw w Bv^y aSr a 8 a ^ st «dverae 

dear, and she found an feteand he hasmnA sfrengfo- 
idiosynccatic manner for each «®®d ms playing of foe role 
SwUanrp™ nFmfnrv nr' of her set dances: convincingly ^ “■? *°® f**- Provided 

dofl-lflce for the waltz, brisk and tot oyavoids foreetcompan- 
crisp in the Scottish solo and sion with Bmtley’s oyerwbdm- 
engaraogly mock-glam oto us for 
the Spanish dance. However, 

iflness :has been seriously 
noticeable in only one of the. 
ballets given, the bravura 
showpiece . Paquita. - In 
that, some of foe solos, had 
resectable but very pedestrian 
performances and one cannot 
be content with less than 
taffliaare, We must hope that 
those on the rick fist are bade 
in time for fhe even mine 
demanding : Sleeping Beauty 
which (together with a triple bin 
starring David Binlley as dancer 
and choreographer) - is 

announced for New York. 

Luckily, the other classics 
chosen, for the Sadler’s Wells 
season are Petrushka, which 
suits this company* liveliness 
in character dancing, and 
CoppeRa, which also has a good 
proportion of chacaiaer roles 
and, besides, has long been 
favoured by . the Royal Ballet as 
providing a good . test '. for. 
aspirants to ballerinadom. 

that is not to say that she lacked 
spirit in the rest of the ballet, 
and she paced herself through it 
very wefi. - - - 

David Yow, also new to this 
ballet, partnered her as Franz, 
and the previous night Petter 
Jacobsson Lad made his d6but 
in that part opposite Marion 
Tail’s familiar, assured Swanil- 
da. Both young men partnered 
strongly, acted with careful 
clarity and danced their solos 
with zest, strength and enthusi- 
asm, if. not always complete 
controL Jacobsson, on this 
showing, is foe more ebullient 
and bi^r-scaled. . • 

-. Both Jacobsson and another 
of foe company’s recent re- 
cruits. Vincent Hantam, suc- 
cessfully took the solitary male 
rote in Paqtutd, partnering 

mg interpretation, both the 
others are acceptable accounts 
of a role made difficult by the 
legends attached to its first 
interpreter, Nijinsky. 

Among the supporting casts 
in Petrushka, Russell Mah- 
phanl’s playing of the Moor has 
a notable strength and reson- 
ance; and Karen Donovan 
attracted attention as one of the 
street dancer* - as, indeed, she 
did by her conviction, style and 
finish in every part she played 
all week. 

The programming this season 
■ interestingly replaces foe fre- 
quent policy of trying to mix 
new and old by lumping the 
older works together and will 
present the company’s four 
latest productions all on one bill 
tomorrow and Wednesday: 
highly recommended. 

. John Perdval 




Leslie Howard 


Pianists , usually , make exceed- 
ingly heavy weather of Tchm- 
kovsky’s Grand Sonata in G. 
Howevet confidently a pianist 
may set sail into-its deep waters, 
after a few pages he is hindered 

by ' splashy “chonfel playing, 

waves of inaccurate 

baldly an independent move- 

In the earlier part of foe 
programme Howard seemed to 
want to assert his right to play 
.foe standard repertoire (his 
recitals, .more often than not, 
contain works by such compos- 
ers' as Glazunov, Grainger and 
-speriafly tittle-known Liszt). 
Hu Chopin Andante spianato 
and* grande polonaise- briUante 
contained some stunning finger- 
work, although, humour was in 

rhythmic swagger that the other 
work needed. 

1 suppose that foe first 
'movement of Beethoven’s 
“Moonlight” Sonata is as dose 
as one gets to a prelude in the 
master’s canon of piano son- 
atas, bat I cannot help thinking 
that Howard used it. solely 10 
temper his exuberance in 
anticipation of the Tchaikov- 
sky. The Presto agitato finale 
was notable for its dosing page 
in which Howard amassed 
sonority in a 

work, only to-be drowned in a aria 

spedaSiUr manner. 

constricting. The A fiat Maz- JameS 


Howard, negotiated foe piece 
with flying colours- 

It is true that foe first snbject 
of the initial movement is over- 
worked, butthe don with which 

T^niiro vskv was able -to pur 
down orchestral ideas into a 
nearly playable piano piece is 
truly extraordinary. Howard’s 
vast hand* allow hun to do. full 
justice to the chords, not merely 

snatch at foem- 

. It is a "fesa h aii n g -piece in 
which to spot various 1 episodes. 
that are .' so similar: to those in 
♦he symphonies. The . only 
QuaricT! -have wtflr- Howard’s 
conception is -foe rip-roaxmg 
g^ j bat^ ,^ h e ^took^^for ^foe 

of ■ tiie finele,;. and therefore 

Opera in London and Milan 

Old glories take too long to return 

The Mastersingers 

I am not sure why 2 in under two 
years, the En glish National 
Opera's Mastersingers has lost 
so much of its lustre. The 
producer Elijah Moshinsky has 
maH^ public his dissociation 
from the current revival, though 
that is probably to be construed 
as effect rtiber than ca u s e . And 
the late change of conductor, 
Peter Robinson replacing Sir 
Charles Mackerras, can scarcely 
be blamed for a visual show 
that is flat, stale and crude, at 
least until the final scene, which 
suddenly swings back to the old 

As I remember them, foe 
interiors of the first and last acts 
had in 1984 a Vermeer quality, 
foil of glancing, bodied light, of 
objects and people held in an 
attentive repose, for which foe 
designs by Timotby O’Brien 
and file .lighting by Nick 
Chetion had to share responsi- 
bility. But the magic has not 
been recaptured, and foe middle 
act is appallingly badly lit, 
giving the impression that the 
main fe at ur es of the Nuremberg 
townscape are a sky I on and an 
aerodrome control tower. 
Surely the vista was subtler last 
time, foe crowd movement 
more alive and the triangular 
relationship of Sachs, Eva and 
Wahher considerably less 

Cast-changes alone cannot 
acconnt for the d ifferen ce, since 
we have the same Walfoer in 
Kenneth WooQam, and foe new 
Sachs is not so very new at all: 
Norman Bafley returns to foe 
role he last sangat the Coliseum 
a d ec ad e ago. He still shows 
quite enough stamina for foe 



part, but it would be unfair to 
expect again his warm vocal 
sympathy with every aspect of 
the character. There is some 
loss of range and of colour, and 
to make up for that Mr Bailey is 
inclined sometimes almost to 
speak his intentions, as if the 
singing voice now gets in foe 
way of his thoughts about foe 
role. But this remains a 
generous, heartening portrayal, 
one of rounded humanity even 
when the surrounding pro- 
duction is at its most lifeless. 

The others who stand out as 
full characters are Alan Opie's 
Beckmesser and Bonaventura 
Bottone’s David. Mr Opie 
repeats an amusing imperson- 
ation of foe town clerk as a 
humourless fusspot, a man who 
will always be foe butt of others’ 
laughter without having a due 
why. He does well not to make 
his singing unduly caricatured. 

Meanwhile Mr Bottone’s David 
is at foe other extreme of 
fikeabfiity: a ready, bright-sing- 
ing lad. 

Apart from Mr Bottone and 
Mr Bailey, the principal new- 
comer to foe cast is Kathryn 
Harries as Eva. She seems 
conscious that her height puts 
difficulties in foe way of her 
appearing properly demure, as 
does foe harsh quality that 
comes over her voice under 
pressure. But she has techniques 
for dealing with both problems, 
and this is an intelligent 
performance that may blossom 
when it can seem less carefuL 

The new Magdalene is Anne- 
Marie Owens, appears a 
cheerful soul, and there are 
several new feces among foe revival, nor is it helped by a 
Mastersingers, though Sean Rea haphazardly controlled reading 
repeats his orotund Pogner. My of the score under Mr Robin- 
only regret is that I heard so few son. The overture on Saturday 
of his words, though generally night was a very shaky invi- 
diction is not good in this tation, and, though be and foe 

Ova BanJa 

Norman Bailey’s generous, heartening Sachs 

orchestra got more used to one 
another, there was a lack of 
authority in the pit as disap- 
pointing as that on stage. 

After an absence of 10 years 
Aida has returned to La Scala - 
but not, alas, in triumph. Luca 
Ron corn's production, draped 
by Mauro Pagano in dfccor of 
monumental fussiness and silli- 
ness, lumbers through on foe 
merit of an international cast 
for whom the staging represents 
one further excuse to drop all 
dramatic verisimilitude. 

Ronconi has not had much 
hick in Milan in recent years. 
Donnerstag. Les Troyens and 
Emani all had their problems, 
for which he was not entirely 
responsible. Nor can any stage 
director be expected to relish La 
Scale’s leg enda r y backstage 
chaos, the' noise from which, 
filtering through to the audi- 
torium during the arias, has 
reached quite unacceptable 
proportions. For Aida's obese 
and mechanical appearance, 
however, the production team 
had only themselves to blame. 

The spaciousness of foe 
opening scene, its backdrop of 
mountain ridge and setting sun 
providing a picturesque frame 
for “Ritorna vindtor”, does not 
last long; fhe staging quickly 
degenerates into a cranking up 
and down of monolithic edifices, 
several of which look like poor 
pseudo-Egyptian cousins of 
Milan’s central station. The 
temple of Vulcan, for example, 
is a giant outdoor pagan altar, 
the erection of which is so 
complex that it starts to 
disappear almost as soon as it 
has swung awkwardly into view. 
The Act Q victory celebrations 
seem to be an interruption to a 

Ghena Dimitrova, giving Milan her best 

thriving sphinx haulage busi- the choral contributions 
ness. An overiaige budget no 
doubt contributed to the excess: 

Ronconi would have been far 
better sticking with a single 
skyward-looking pharaoh, 
which in its brief appearance 


among foe production’s more 
positive features. So too was 
Luciano Pavarotti’s Radames. 
The stage bearing may have 
undergone tittle refinement 
over the years; but this pro- 

was an impressive symbol of duction required him to sing 
majesty and dominion. and not act, and there can be no 

At least he took care to keep doubt that Pavarotti delivered 
the chorus separate from foe all that was expected of him, 
queues of non-singing extras — The voice is in Splendid 

Paul Griffiths 

condition, and it has filled out 
into this particular role sur- 
print y well. 

Apart from Paata Burchu- 
ladze’s King and Nicolai Ghiau- 
rov’s High Priest - a welcome 
juxtaposition of the most 
promising and the most 
accomplished of Verdi basses — 
foe production enjoys another 
outstanding performance from 
Ghen3 Dimitrova, whose 
Amneris reveals a chest register 
to match foe clarion size and 
breadth of her top. Milan 
certainly seems to see and hear 
foe best in Mmc Dimitrova: the 
voefd and dramatic sparring of 
foe Act IV duet suggested 
Radames would have made a 
far better match with this 
Amneris than with the Aida of 
Maria Chiara, whose exagger- 
ated semaphore language made 
foe Bulgarian soprano look 
quite sophisticated. Perhaps 
Mme Chiara thought she was 
still in Verona. She does not 
have an ugly voice, but neither 
is it especially beautiful. Her fil 
di voce ending to “Numi, pieta” 
was nonetheless impressive. 
The Amonasro was Juan Pdns, 
not the best casting for a role 
requiring a cutting edge. 

Lorin Maazel, currently 
monopolizing the first three 
productions of foe season in 
Milan, drew clean and efficient 
orchestral playing, especially 
effective in Verdi’s atmospheric 
scoring of the Nile scene, but 
continuing at a speed that 
muted its emotional and dra- 
matic impact Like foe tortured 
love triangle on stage, the 
performance in foe pit lacked a 
distinctive personality. 

Andrew Clark 

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From your Portfolio card check your eight 
share price movements. Add I hem up to give 
vou your overall total. Check this against the 
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Ifil matches you have won outright ora share 
of the total daiN prize money staled. IF you ate a 
winner follow Ok claim procedure on the tack 

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when claiming. 




Mowfca (John) 


French Kier 

Nathngtum Bride 

Capitalization and week’s change 

ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings Began, Dec 23. Dealings End, Jan 10, $ Contango Day, Jan 13. Settlement Day, Jan 20. 

4 Forward ba^ains are permitted on rwo previous days. 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

; Q Yfcaa WKti t fcetHf . ;<" ■ 


£ 2,000 

Qaims required for 
+45 points’ ; 

CUImants should ring 0254*53272; 

Adamic Comp 

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the weekly dividend of £20,000 in Saturday's 




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Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Europe rejects front-runner 
as head of World Bank 

Amid the popping rioja and vinho verde 
corks, the European . Economic Com- 
i munity acquired an extra 48 -million 
people and two new languages on the 
stroke of midnight last Tuesday. It also 
became less of an ' economic' community ^ 
1 and more of a political gathering erf 
approved Western European democracies. 

The accession of Spain and Portugal to 1 
, the EEC double^ the number of members 
from the original six of the 1957 Treaty 6f 
Rome. Enlargement has -proceeded in 
, three stages. Britain, Denmark and Ireland 
[ joined in January 1973; Greece in January 
1981. There has been one little-noticed 
dropout Greenland left quietly last year, 
after obtaining internal autonomy from 
I Denmark. 

There are two ways of looking at EEC 
enlargement One is that the original EEC 
members, having successfully integrated 
thier economies, felt able to accommodate 
additional countries, each enlargement 
taking a few years to digest 

A more accurate way of looking at 
enlargement is that the : original six, having 
achieved some, but not much,, progress 
towards economic integration, ! decided 
that irwas easier to proceed by enlarging 
than by the tortuous task of attempting to . 
bring their economies still closer. 


Growth In 



prion — 


nmmaov , 



Germany ' - 
! Greece 

Netherlands • 
. Portugal 

United Kingdom 

1 JS 










. 2.75 

, L25: 
S - 

4 ' 

- 1.75 

. -225 
-2 • 

■ +&7S 
• -05 

Source: OECD 

Various stages can be. defined in -the 
development of an economic grouping 
like the EEC The first is the establish m ent 
of a customs union, with, a common 
external tariff and the removal of barriers 
to internal trade. The second is a common 
market, in which the Actors of pro- 
1 duction, labour and capital can move 
freely. The final stage is full economic and 
monetary union, including a' common 
EEC currency and EECwide , economic 
policy, made m Brussels. - ' . 

About 15 years ago,, the .original six - 
Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the 
Netherlands and Luxembourg - found 
themselves somewhere between, the first 
and second stages of economic inte- 
gration. Some interna! trade bamers 
remained, as did many banters to free 
movement of factors of production, but 
the customs union was operative more or 
less smoothly. , 

In agriculture, and coal and steel, 
economic union was at its most advanced, 
most notably with the Common Agricul- 
tural Policy. The latter, the area in which 
the Community has developed most, is 
als o the one which ' has consistently 
produced the biggest problems. • 

To all intents and purposes, the EEC 
has remained frozen at that stage since the 
early seventies. . 

The new members, with relatively large 
agricultural sectors, will put *tatijmal 
strains on the Common Agncuhnral 
Policy. However, both Spam and Portugal 
have been undergoing a pre-entry econ- 
omic fitness course - ■ 

Spain’s Socialist government has been 
pursuing tough- and resolute economic 
policies in a way that would make Mis 

Thatcher blush. It has reduced inflation to 
around 8 per cent from well over 20 per 
centrin the late seventifis. 

Spain has also pushed through cuts m 
income tax, through the highly laudable 
method of stopping evasion. It is running 
a healthy current account surplus. The 
' dark ride of all this is unemployment. Cue 
in five of Spain’s workforce is without a 

• Portugal, under, the supervision of the 
International Monetary Fund, has also 
had to endure economic hardship to bring 
down inflation. The inflation rate was 29 
per cent in 1984, less than 20 per cent cm 
average last year, and should fill to 
around 15-1 6 percent this year. 

_ There have been two ytars without 
growth although, so far, unemployment 
remains well below Spanish levels, at 
around. .11 per cent* In an effort to 
ynaiiYfo in international competitiveness 

- the Portuguese - government has been 
devaluing the escudo. 

For Britain, the new recruits - protected 
. fry y ea rs of .transiti on arrangements. before 

- trade barriers are fully dismantled - are no 
easy trade touch. In the first ten months of 
last year, Britain had a trade deficit of 
£159.8 milli on with Spain and £204.7 
million with Portugal. Their entry efifec- 

• tively pushes up Britain’s annua l trade 
: deficit with the rest of the EEC from £2.7 

billion to £3.2 billion. . .. . 

In the enlarged EEC of 12 members, the 
opportunity for different tiers to develop 
becomes far greater. A tier structure is in 
evidence with the European Monetary 
System. Eight EEC countries are full 
members; four, Britain, Greece and now 
Spain and Portugal, are not. 

The EMS is a good example of how the 
process of integration can be becalmed, 
with nobody prepared to take things 
further. The EMS is a currency link which 
covers only part of the EEC. Until it 
covers all members it is unlikely that we 
shall see .the next stage, a European 
Monetary Fund, or the following steps 
leading to a common currency. 

Tiers also exist on inflation, though not 

• as. pronounced as might be expected. The 
majority of members will have inflation of 
less than 5 percent this year; low inflation 
is a blessing shared by most industrial 

Does EEC membership in itself impose 
economic disciplines on states that will 
produce convergence of economic per- 
formance? There is no good reason whyit 
should. Even when the internal EEC trade 
barriers are completely removed, mem- 
bers - particularly small countries - have 
the option of adjusting for loss of 

competitiveness by moving their exchange 

; .rates. . j, ^ 

The apparent convergence on inflation 
rates is a reflection of declining com- 
' modity prices rather than anything else. 

It would be churlish not to recognize the 
feet that Spain and Portugal .have 
developed suficxently, both economically 
and politically, to become EEC mem bers. 
But it is inevitable that enlargement, 
curiously, makes the EEC institutions 
more inward looking, concentrating on 
putting the Community’s house m order 

From Bailey Morris 
in Washington 

Europe and Japan have 
wanned the United Stales , that 
they will not accept a mediocre 
candidate who does not com- 
mand respect on world capital 
markets as new head of the 
World Bank. 

This has triggered a high- 
level debate over the qualifi- 
cations of Mr William Midden- 
dorf. the US Aambassador to 
the EEC who is thought to be a 

Some European officials 
strongly oppose his candidacy 
bn the grounds that be has 
neither sufficient standing on 
financial markets nor the 
international stature to carry 
out the US Treasury’s new 
global debt initiative which 
involves a much larger role for 
the World Bank. 

A senior World Bank official 
said: ‘The United Slates has 
firmly that 


Treasury mem James Baker (left), Richard Darman and 
David Mulford 

only three weeks before the fied support of Mr Baker or 

Reagan Administration expects 
to name the man for the job. 

Mr James Baker, the US 
Treasury Secretary, favours an 
;nnngntial person for the post 
which becomes vacant on June 
30 when Mr Clausen’s term 
expires. But several prominent 
candidates, including Mr Paul 
Volcker, rfrairraan of the US 

- - have 


been told quite . 

Europe and Japan do not want £^^Board, hav 

SB5?S5?5i^&- SSS U.C Administration* 
the Bank’s position to dim- ov f^ nndear whfither ^ 

0,1 The unusual protest comes Middendorf enjoys the unquali- 

whether his backing comes from 
an influential group of White 
House officials led by Mr 
Donald Regan, the Chief of 

Other names prominent on 
the Treasury's list are Mr John 
Hennessey, the London-based 
director of First Boston Corpor- 
ation, and Mr John Petty of the 
Marine Midland Bank- 

Both have disadvantages. Mr 
Hennessey, considered a rising 
star, is thought to be too young 
and Mr Pretty, while conversant 

with the global debt strategy, 
mav not have sufficiently broad 
political experience. 

And pressure on the United 
States to produce a candidate 
quickly to move the debt 
strategy forward, has also led to 
speculation that Mr Baker may 
name a high-level Treasury 
official to the post 
Mr Richard Darman, the 
Deputy Treasury Secretary, and 
Mr David Mulford, Assistant 
Secretary for International 
Affairs, have been mentioned. _ 
Treasury sources say it is 
undear whether either would be 
interested in the job. 

The question of political 
experience, the ability to forre a 
consensus among member 
nations and manage relations 
with the US Congress, has 
become increasingly important 

Under the US debt initiative, 
the Bank will assume broad 
control over the economies of 
many debtor nations. 

Many European and US 
officials doubt whether a presi- 
dent who decreases the bank's 
independence by acting as a 
rubber stamp for the US will 
earn the respect necessary to 
carry out these reforms. 

In an ideal world, last year’s initiatives 
on worid debt and currency instabilities 
would have come, not from die American 
Treasury Secretary, Mr James Baker, but 
from the EEC, surely more subject to 
international influences, and much eariiw. 

In an ideal world, too, the EEC would 
have come up with a co-ordinated 
approach to reducing Community unem- 
ployment Spain’s 3 million and Portugal s 
near 400,000 unemployed bring the EEC 
total to around 17 million. That, more 
t frwn anything, is the EEC's failure. 

Icahn takes 
control of 
TWA board 

New York (AP-Dow Jones) -■ 
Mr Carl C Icahn, the US 
financier and Trans World 
Airlines have scrapped an 
agreement for him to buy TWA 
and entered into a pact under 
which he co ntro ls ns boards 
according to a TWA announce- 

The new arrangement came 
against a background of senous 
losses for America’s fourths 
largest airline, which Mr Icahn 
had agreed to buy more than 
three months ago following, a 
protracted takeover battle with 
Texas Air Corporation. 

The announcement revealed 
that TWA may have lost up to 
£140 million (£97.4 milhan) last 
year, double an earlier estimate. 

Mr Icahn^ who owns 52 per 
cent of TWA, huff offered to 
buy the rest for $24 a Share 
($19.50 in cash arid $4.50 m 
securites) under a September 
agreement, . bu ^J iad . 
obtaining the. estimated $800 
million he needed to complete 
the purchase because « “JJf- 
tor concern about TWAs 

PI & K *lSu. -*» become 
chairman of the TWA board 
under the new agreement. Two 
non-Icahn affiliated memb ers Qt 
the board have also resigned, 
this giving his nominees con- 
trol. Mrlcahn will. raise $750 

million for TWA under the new 


The announcement came 
after officials of TWA’s pilots 
and machinists unions SBifl incy 
hart reached agreements on new 
contracts with Mr Ic a hn , The 
contracts offer substantial con- 
cessions to improve the amine 
financially. • - 

By Our Economics Correspondent 

The Government will be able There 
to fight the next election with a 
small redaction in unemploy- 
from present levels. 

Drop in unemployment 
forecast by broker 

meat »•— - 

to stockbrokers 

Simon & Coales. _ 

A dear break in the trend of. 
unemployment occurred last 
April, Mr. Gavin Davies, chief 
UK economist at Simon & 

C o ate s , says in its latest 
bulletin. This was due to an 
expansion of special employ- 
ment measures and perhaps 
more importantly, 
employment mortal jobs has 
increased as productivity has 
slowed. . . ■ 

About 200,000 extra jobs me 
Hkely to emerge this year, the 
brokers say, 75,000 of them as a 
result of the changes m national 
insurance . contributions an- 
nounced in the last Budget. 


be about 
100,000 extra places on the 
special government schemes. 

Umemptoyment will fell by 
between 120,000 and 149,000, 
after allowing for growth m the 
Stour force of 160,000- 
1 80,000, Simon & Coates said. 

Unemployment at the newt 

election will be 100,000-200,000 
lower than it is now, although 
stiff nearly three times its 1979 
level, the brokers say. 

City . economists are still 
debating likely tax cuts in the 
next Budget. In its latest 
bulletin Gricveson Grant, on 
the basis of a $23 a barrel oil 
price and a $1.40 pound, says 
there could be no room for any 

Simon & Coates expects 
£1.75 billion- of cuts nex/t 

;■ M A R K ET S U M r.i A B Y 

Legal action 
to Distillers 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 

Argyll Group has warned the 
chairman of Distillers, Mr John 
CormelL of the possibility of 
legal action if Distillers repeats 
allegedly misleading statements 
to discredit Argyll’s standing. 

The letter came as specu- 
lation grew that Guinness may 
intervene in the increasingly 
bitter £1.9 billion takeover 

fight , 

Industry sources said that the 
fest-growing brewing group is 
seriously considering a counter 
bid, though stockbroking ana- 
lysts were sceptical of the 
company's ability to muster the 
£2 billion necessary to become a 
serious contender. . 

The sources said that Guin- 
ness may to considering the 
move as a “spoiling” tactic 
which would ensure that Ar- 
gyll’s bid is referred to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. „ _ 

Guinness owns Arthur Bell & 
Sons, which has nearly a fifth of 
the British scotch whisky 
market Its intervention could 
force the Govenment to refer 
the whole takeover situation, 
including Argyll’s fed. 

Mr Leon Bnttan, the Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, is expected to give 
Argyll the go-ahead today or 
tomorrow after receiving advice 
from the Office of Fair Trading. 
Guinness will therefore have to 
make its intentions known 
quickly to ensure a reference. 

Copies of Argyll’s strongly- 
worded letter has been sent to 
Kleinwort Benson, Distillers’ 
merchant bank adviser, and the 
Takeover PaneL In it, Argyll 
accuses Distillers of not taking 
requisite care in preparing its 
advertisements and documents 
and, in so doing, of not 
complying with the takeover 

code. . 

The letter says: “The code 
requires accuracy and lair 
presentation in advertisements 
and states that the making of a 
misle ading statement is a 
serious matter.” 

Argyll is particularly furious 
about a in Distillers’ last 
defence document that various 
companies now in the Argyll 
Group bad more than once in 
the past been sued successfully 
for involvement in the passing 
off of foreign products as scotch 

The statement failed to make 
dear that the actions occurred 
before these companies were 
owned by the Argyll Group, the 
letter says. “The strongest 
action wfll be taken by Argyll if j 
any such misleading statements r 
are repeated. ” 


since banking 

By Graham Seaijeant,. Fin anci a l Editor 

First National Finance Cor- 
poration, the biggest victim of 

the secondary banking crisis a 
decade ago, has 

completed its 
rehabilitation by declaring a 
dividend of 2.8 pe““ ^ P* r 
share, its Bret since 1974. 

The group’s accounts for the 
year to October will also show 
an unqualified auditor’s report, 
after the final repayment of 
borrowings the Bank of 

England lifeboat support sce- 
heme which had once reached 
£350 milli on. 

The company’s results, to be 

annonced to the Stock Ex- 
change this morning will show a 
25 per cent rise in pretax profits 
from £17.6 million to £22-1 

After a charge for advance 
coporation tax, earnings per 
share are up from 13.4 to 15-5p 
fully diluted. 

Mr Richard Langdon, the 
accountant brought in as chair- 
man to nurse the company back 
to health, says that profits are 
continuing to rise and are likely 
to show a further increase for 
the current year. 

Most of the group's profits 
come from its consumer credit 
division, which produced £18.4 
million against £13.1 million 
The results have been 
brought forward, fuelling specu- 
lation that FNFC, now a 
potentially attractive takeover 
target for foreign banks or 
insurance companies, would 
itself announce an acquisition 
today. But Mr Wrigley says this 
will not happen and that, while 
the group is thinking of 
acquisitions “at this point we 
have nothing definite in mind." 

in Tokyo 

The Nikkei Dow average of 
share prices on the Tokyo stock 
exchange rose to a record high 
close on Saturday, with selec- 
tive buying of some leading 
shares in a subdued first session 
of trading in 1986. 

The average xnade^ a last- 
minute gain to 13,136.87, a 
record high but well 

below an all-time high of 
13,183.25 marked in early 
hours of December 16. Turn- 
over was a thin 120 million 
shares against a half-day total of 
200 million on December 28. 

Airlines, electric powers, oils 
and some internationally popu- 
lar electricals firmed. 

Kuwait minister 
sees market 
revival for Opec 

Kuwait (Reuter). - The 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries, which 
owns two-thirds of world crude 
reserves, eventually will regain 
control of the oil market, 
according to the Kuwaiti Oil 
Minister, Ali Al-Khalife Al- 

‘The future belongs to 
Opec”, the Minister, a member 
of a five-man committee set up 
by the organization to rec- 
ommend a new marketing 
strategy, told the Kuwaiti 
weekly Al-Rissalah . 

He blamed non-Opec pro- 
ducers, who have boosted 
output sharply to take advan- 
tage of production cutbacks by 
the 13 Opec nations, for 
contributing to the current glut 
and weak prices. 

But Kuwiat had secure 
ouilets for its oil 

Libya pays $100m for Italian oil firm 

From John Earle, Rome 

The Libyan Arab Foreig n 
Bank's purchase of a control- 
ling 70 per cent share in the 
Tamoil oil refining and distri- 
bution company, formerly 
Amoco’s Italian subsidiary, is 
expected to be announced at a 
shareholders' meeting in Milan 
next Monday. 

The company was bought 
from fee Americans and re- 
named Tamoil in 1983 by fee 
Lebanese entrepreneur, Mr 

Roger Tamraz, who pot up S63 
million (£43 million) and 
arranged financing for a further 
$200 milli on from Italian 
banks. Bnt it has operated at a 
loss, and since last summer has 
been ran by a court-appointed 

The deal will be a second 
important Italian investment 
for fee Libyans after their 14 
per cent betiding in Fiat. It will 
give them access to fee Italian 

market for their crude through 
a 5 million tonne a year 
refinery at Cremona in the Po 
Valley, and a network of 850 
service stations, mostly m 
northern Italy. 

It is understood fee Libyans 
will pot np $100 million for 
their 70 per cent of Tamoil, 
while Mr Tamraz will retain 10 
per cent and Asea, a holding 
company registered in Switzer- 
land, will hold 20 per cent. 

Taiwan's foreign exchange 
reserves stood at S22.2 billion at 
the year end, up S52 billion 
From a year earlier. The Central 
Bank said the increase was due 
to Taiwan’s growing trade 

Car project 

Volkswagen of West Ger- 
many and the Soviet Union are 
having talks about a motor 
engine project. The talks con- 
cern the supply of a plant to 
build between 250,000 and 
300.000 Volkswagen engines a 
year according to the magazine 
Der Spiegel 

Chinese branch 

Standard Chartered Bank has 
opened a branch in China’s 
Shenzhen special economic 
zone. China began allowing new 
branches late in 1985 but 
Standard Chartered has had a 
branch in Shanghai since 1858. 

Investment Banking 


Friday's doss and change on 


ft AH Share 6BM0j+147® 

Dm Jams . — 1,549 (+£-20) 


, j,791£3j+ 60-8Sj 
Sydney: AO 1,020^1+23.1) 

SSSSmnk !+8fD 

Paris; CAP .. 

UtAGaneral «~^~-504.70 (+8.7) 


Friday's dost end change on 


£ Index 78 JJ (+0.10) 

Now York: 

£$ 1.4305 (+0. 

Dm 2.4605 (-0.011 
$: Index 126.1 (-0-2) 

ECU £0-614453 


TODAY - Inte rim * 
Holdings, Cardo 
Group. Sfis & £ 
Marians, F. H. Tomkins. 
Finds: none announced. 

ito Nordic 


Boesky stake 

Mr Ivan Boesky, the New 
York investor, together wife a 
group of companies he controls, 
said they hold an 8.1 per cent 
stake in Midcon Corporation. 
Last week Occidental Petro- 
leum agreed to acquire Midcon 
for and stock in a 

transaction valued at $72.38 a 

Farm debt level 

Government pr e l imin ary! 
figures show that US form debt 
levelled off in 1985 and some 
main categories may haw I 

TOMORROW - Inwjwj: Blacks 
Leisure Group. Gflbort House 
Investments, Kakuzi, London in- 
vestment Trust , PepeGroup- 
Finals: A G. Barr (final dhrideriL,, 
Home Group, Winterbottom Energy | 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: Asda- 
MF1 Groim, Bespak, HoRas ' Group. 
Stroud Rilay Drummond, TR City of 

London (second quarter). 

Finals: Abbey Panels Investments, 
M & G Dual Trust, Pericom 

International, TriBon. _ , 

THURSDAY - Interims: Sidney C. 
Banks, Electronic Rentals Group. 
Oklacre Holdings, Stewart & Wight, 
Thom EMI. . 

Finals: Associated Newspaper 
Holdings, DaBy Man and General 
Trust, John rerklns Meats, Valin i 
Pollen International 
FRIDAY - Interims: Peter Black 

Finals: feint Investments. 

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of London. 

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Gilts: nervous market 
hangs on to its cash 

“Shan’tr cried London's fund conclusively for some, that venlion, normally twice in the 
managers last week, as they Britain came in for real selling morning and ones in the 
resolutely refused to play hall pressure during the oil price afternoon, followed by late 
with the broking fraternity, war with Opec last month. A assistance. 

Round about new year, the drop of more than $400 
byplay in the gilts market is million does not point to 
traditional. The brokers ring, smoothing operations, but 
hoping to tempt the fund rather to a wholesale support 

managers to commit some of operation. The sharp fell in the UB _ „ lliaiaclo „ ^ 
their January cash flows to the reserves explains apparently Frcheouer Unsterilized bv Rflt 
market, and gel the year off to quite dearly why the Prime SS^cSrren^^d^ policy, 
a rousing start, commission- Minister made such a strong j nt h eorv only aims to take out 
wise. And the fund managers, sene, of statements about the pubfic sector component of 
with year-end book-squaring sterling and interest rate levels domestic credit expansion - 
operations a full 12 months at the height of the crisis. aoraesuc croon expansion 

away, where the terrifying Fuod managm noted ^ 

the existing level of reserves 
is stuck after incorporating 

Significantly, however, the 
bulk of the shortages stemmed 
from maturing assistance, 
rather than flows across 
the money markets to the 

errors of postprandial 
misjudgement need to be 
acknowledged, normally have a 

But not this year. Gilts spent 
the crudal first few hours of 
1986 casing back. There were 
very few lakers for stock. On 

S roceeds from the $2% billion 
oating rate note issue, which 
were deposited in October. 
Moreover, a sizeable percent- 
age of Britain’s reserves are 

the relief of current shortages 
almost certainly points tc 
poor broad money figures for 
banking January. In other 
words, the going is gening 
rougher for the authorities 
Meanwhile, money market 
rates have shown a distinct 
tendency throughout the week 

ThmJlnv hfn« fill not ' n ^“d form, but exist to drift upwards, gaining % 

Thursday, longs fell by V point, rafh( , P - r T n r. m9 ii nnn | mint h.»n- V.. nninriW nn 

while on Friday, the decline 
extended to Ifc point. Not a 
good start to the year. 

A number of very specific 
parts of the general substratum 
to the market are now looking 
distinctly tatty. The Chancel- 
lor's traditional encyclical, for 
example, could hardly be 
described as cheering. Notable 
in Nigel Lawson's comments 
was the familiar - and heavily 
devalued - tub-thumping, 
mainly that growth in 1987 
would be sustained by sound 
money and free enterprise. 
This was not what traders 
wanted to hear. 

The remarks on current 
wage trends were not encourag- 
ing The Chanccx'or merely 
hopes that average wage 

rather as gold or International 
Monetary Fund drawing rights. 
Judging by the rate at which 
Britain is getting through its 
foreign currency balances, it 
may be hard put to mobilize 
any substantial reinforcements 
in perhaps a year's time, 
should oil price fears stike 
sterling again. 

Import cover is the short- 
hand description of this 
situation. On one reckoning 
the level of mobilizable 
reserves may be no more than 
about $8 billion, or substan- 
tially less than $9 billion 
monthly level of imports. Most 
countries would feel safe with 
about three months’ cover on 
this basis. 

The subsequent steps in the 

settlements will come down, analysis are quite straight- 

forward. The main thrust of 
British economic policy is 
directed at securing a low 
inflation figure. For this 
reason, sterling most remain 
il price fe 

relying apparently on the 
traditional mix of suasion and 
oratory which has not so far 
been conspicuously successful 
According to the latest 

Quarterly Bulletin, labour costs high. Oil price Tears may strike 
are now accelerating despite a again. Hence interest rates 
weak labour market, and rising seem quite unlikely to fell, 
faster in Britain than in any given that Britain has very 
other major industrial country, little in the way of buffer 

And m answer to the money to absorb short-run 

question: "What are the speculative movements, 
prospects for a significant fell Fund managers reaching back 
in real short-term rates?" Mr into their folk memories recall 
Lawson helpfully replied: “I that ever so many years ago, 
don't know". Later he stated before North Sea oil was dis- 
tfaat nominal rates should fell covered, Britain was perennially at current yield levels, 
with inflation. But this hardly hamstrung by exchange rate Meanwhile, stock has to be 
stirred the gilts market, which crises. Fears are growing that it onl y to satisfy the 

fell Yg point on the good news. is poised to return soon to that severely cut down version 

The Chancellor's message unhappy state of affairs. monetary policy now in 

was short, but left the market no Horace is good on this kind of operation, 

better informed or heartened doleful prospect Cras ingens Most likely is a wait-and-see 

than before. Horace had a quip interabimus aequor ", be writes, 
for this: “Brevis esse laboro, (Tomorrow we'U be back on 

the vast ocean.) 

Conditions in domestic 
money markets imply very 
little leeway for the Chancellor 
to be flexible over rates. Last 

point here. Via point there on 
odd days. Since bill rates have 
been tending to move in line 
with money market rates, this 
has had the beneficial effect, so 
fer as the authorities are 
concerned, of reducing the 
arbitrage potential in the 
current money market: bill rate 

But the upward movement 
poses in its train a further 
problem, in that it leaves the 
Bank's intervention rates 
potentially out of line with 
market rates. 

The Bank has choice here. It 
can either maintain inter- 
vention rates at present levels, 
and leave the price differential 
alone, effectively giving the 
discount houses a free gift on 
the yield pick-up. In the past, 
such preferential treatment has 
been widely criticized. 

Alternatively, the Bank can 
simply raise its intervention 
rates, signalling in effect that 
the current level of rates and 
yields is too low. Such a move 
might well spell disaster for 
holders of stock at the short 
end. since the current yield 
level in shorts is basically 
predicated on further Calls in 

A move along tnese lines 
might be sensible, given that 
there is little incentive to buy 

Obscuro fio" (1 strive to be 
brief but I finish up as 
obscure). The Romans knew 
about these things. 

The December statement of 

UK reserves was also highly week saw the start of the 
disturbing. Reserves fell by an expected large money market 
underlying $416 million, after shortages. On a couple of days, 
a decline in November of $201 these were well over £1 billion, 
million. This was the largest The Bank of England’s money 
justed fell in the level market operators were well to 
reserves since December the fore, and took out the 
1982. and it demonstrated, shortages by spirited inter- 

operation by the authorities, 
culminating perhaps in a rapid 
Duke of York exercise, which 
would permit fairly aggressive 
sales of stock. 

Fund managers' easiest 
course of action must be to sell 
gilts and dump the cash on the 
street, expanding in the process 
the money lake which featured 
so prominently in the latest 
Quarterly Bulletin. The 
authorities will be concerned 
to prevent this. Something, 
somewhere, has to give. 


Ladbroke looks a racing 

The stock market has decided 
that Ladbroke Group, the 
betting, hotels, entertainments 
and property company headed 
by Mr Cyril Stein, is preparing to 
make a takeover bid which will 
add an important new division to 
its range of activities. 

An obvious gap in its 
armoury is the drinks trade, and 
there has been considerable 
speculation that Ladbroke may 
try to correct this with a bid for 
a regional brewer, possibly 
Vanx, in the wake of the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission's recent permis- 
sion for Scottish & Newcastle 
Breweries to try its luck with 
Matthew Brown - a deal that 
was in the event thwarted. 


Cyril Stein 


prospects, Ladbroke is being 
buoyed by rosier prospects inbl 
hotel and holiday activities. The 
London tourist boom shows. Q0 
sign of slackening, barring a 
sudden and uncon tidied sores 
fir sterling- The. group 
endeavouring fo felaf advantage 
of tbis by upgrading its outlets 
in the capital. 

In' the provinces, where 
Ladbroke. has nearly SO holds, 
the plan has been to add value to 
them with additional facilities, 
particularly- for health ' and 
exercise- - something that 
Trusthouse Forte has also beat 
studying dosdy. 

Overseas, the greatest poten- 
tial lies in the United States, 
where Ladbroke has paid £10 
million: for Rodeway -Ians 

to ^hiBhlighT^Udbroke's 56 ^ jf National Council on standards pf liring malre ft ; about the extra cash that will InWTTiatioiial ^ OTC 

sidenible existing attractions. Gambling, gave a warning that inevitable that betting shops 'flow, across the counters asa operatS 

and it is rapidly emerging as the *** introduction of television should be allowed to provide result, but a may be about £500 - hiehlv conwS 

quality Sue ncSrlevoS <*™id produce “an increase in greater comforts for their million,- of which fee took- :™*“ iSSSawSRSl 

SS&ota have u^adS Pathological gambling". customers. - rf 

their recommendations from He did not argue that And, as the leisure team at For Ladbrolre that shotfld add ^-p^g ^ concent into 

hold to buy as the message has television and other amenities the stockbrokers, Kxtcat and at least £2 million toprofitsm* Toncepi ■ mt0 

spread. should be banned outright from Aitken, point out, the proposed -fonyear. - - ; Somr of tbV houd’s 

r . , - 1 w betting shops, but that they improvements should help to However, that is not the only. e ®v2,nnL„ nunor 

S SdbJto should be made subject to the deter punters from diy&ing way. in which 
focu sed on the guns Ladbroke decree of supervision as their afternoons between the aiming 10 improve its take from, 10 ? n ~ er min 8 s » no { 

stands to make from proposed casino^^hich are^monitored betting shop and the local betting. Improved commuhica- 8011 

changes m the rules governing ^ publfcW* ‘ . tions between head office, the publishing, 

belting shops. lhe act j on Ta y% pi^ - m ^ Nevertheless. the hew race tracks arid the shops, win Profiw for the yearjost ended 

Chief among these changes is presence of the gamblers Until measures, which are expected to ensure that changes in the odds skOjdd have grown from £50.2 

expected to be permission for now , betting shops have been be enacted by an Order in are transmitted virtually instan- million beforetex to more than 

television to be installed in the largely sanitized from the direct Council within the next couple taheously, backed by computer- £75 nullum. The -new year will 

shops, along with provision for excitement of the race meetings of months, will increase betting ized systems to calculate the Mr Stem running hard to 

refreshments and non- themselves. turnover. Customers will be risk to the company of- each, breast £100 million for the first 

ioiic drinks to be served. While no responsible book.- more inclined to stay in the possible outcome of every race. Me. At 323p the shares yield 

The likely impact of this maker wants to profit from an shop from one race to the next. This wDl also save, on staff 4-7 per cent and represent 

package can be gauged from the increase in gambling’s social and the proprietors will be able costs, as prices will hot have' to extremely good value, 

reaction the anti-betting lobby, problems, any more than to superimpose promotional b e wr itten m anually on display - - 

In a letter to The Times last brewers or distillers want to material on the screens. boards, 

month. Dr E Moran, chairman breed more alcoholics, rising It is difficult to be accurate . Beyond' those -immediate 

William Kay 

City Editor 


Another casualty highlights 
perils of the young idea 

Another Unlisted Securities Clearly it would have been By its very nature the USM 
Market company has gone better if the AES re-organization will produce' more upsets than 
into the intensive care unit, had been announced in one the main market. It has a much 
Associated Energy Services, package rather than dribbled wider selection of young, often 
which is engaged in environmen- out over a week. relatively untried, companies 

tal services and in distributing Heseltine and AES institu- than the main market. And, 
catering equipment, has served tional investors had pressed for although much play is made 
notice that its 1985 figures will last week's management that since the market began five 
record “a signigicant trading changes. And the share sale, years ago. there have been only- 
loss". trading statement and change of six fe tali ties, the number of 

The first sign that AES had chairman were all part ot the walking wounded, some may 
run into difficulties came in same deal. "Bat for a variety of think, is too high. 

September when Mr Richard reasons we were unable to make The Datastream USM share 
GiUoti look over as managing one announcement", said Mr index, which dosed at 106.65 
director from Mr Paul Howlett, Martin Ingram, a Heseltine points on Friday against a 100- 
the chairman, and gave a partner. point base, demonstrates with 

warning that the company The new year holiday and the vivid clarity that, since it 
would "at best" break even over fact that Mr Fullerton did not launch the USM has, overall, 
the year. The previous year’s sign on the dotted line until displayed little growth, 
profits were £43 5.000. Thursday evening were two With the USM expecting a 

But it seems that things have factors cited for the delay record year for attracting 
gone from bad to worse since AES was floated at 58p two recruits, a more positive share 
the September announcement, years ago. The shares later price performance would have 
On Monday it was disclosed touched S8p. They are now 1 8p. been helpful. 

The AES trading debacle - at 
least in part because of an 
acquisition - has helped under- 
line the dangers of the junior 

With its heavy concentration 

two vears ago launched AES on of tormented high-technology 
the CSM. companies, the USM’s overall 

On Friday came another share price performance has 

announcement - that Mr failed dismally to match the 

Howlett, who had retained an main market. 

18.5 per cent shareholding, had But the Marne for the 
stepped down as c hairman and market's listless display cannot 
that the “significant” loss was rest entirely at the collective 

on the horizon. doors of the electronics sector. _ 

At the same time it was There has been a number of injections in mind for Su n l e igh. 
revealed that Mr Maurice recent casualties such as Some people even believe that 

Fullerton, the company doctor Ferga brook Group, which has the company will be used as the 

who test year lost a power battle fallen from more than lOOp to vehicle for Gevcs’ own USM 
at Windsor Securities, the 26 p. And Jebsen's Drilling has debuL _ _ . 

insurance broker, had become come down from near 200p to l^ereK * am 


set for 
a return 
to 1960s 

The year 1985 was supposed 
to be one in which there would 
be a surge in economic growth 
in the second half, i«»«i»ng to a 
rise in interest rates and to a 
general malaise in the financial 

Instead, we experienced a 
remarkable boom in the price of 
financial assets. Between March, 
and December, the December T- 
Bond futures contract rose 30 
per cent, one of the strongest 
booms in bond prices seen in 
rercent years. In feet, it seemed 
as if there was no bottom to 
demand of government paper, 
junk bonds, leveraged boy o n t s 
and other stock issues. 

This was exactly the opposite 
of what the gurus and other 
over-paid experts of Wall Street 
told ns would happen. There 
was a very good reason far this 
bOOm in financial assets. 

Corporate cash flow has also 
been very strong. 

So t h i ng s did not turn out at 
all the way the expats told us 
they would tarn out. As I hare 
remarked previously, a tray 

that Mr Howlett hod sold 2.5 
million shares at lip against a 
then market price of 25p. Most 
of the shares went to institu- 
tional clients of Heseltine, Moss 
& Co., the broker, which nearly 

Another USM low-flyer is 
SunJeigh Electronics, now 
IS'-ip. But things could be on 
the move. Cleves Investments, 
the USM new issue expert, has 
acquired about 15 per cent of 
the capital and clearly intends 
to attempt a revamp exercise. 

Sunleigh is one Geves issue 
which has not performed 
although recent speculation has 
helped redress the balance. 

The market is convinced that 
Cleves has a few intriguing 



and Pam Spooner 




ABN Bank 11%% 

Aciom St Company IHS* 

Eire; 114 % 

Citibank Savings .t 12wfr 

C;sSv<:dc:ed Crds . — I lVi% 
Continental Trust 1 1 
Co-operative Bonk lDSfc 

C. Kura; £ Cb 
Lloyds Beak , 

Nat V/estiniaster — — 
Renal Esck Scotland 

Citibank NA — - 

t Morins*? Saw Kate. 

11 V# 
1 1 4* 

• PRITCHARD SERVICES: The Chemicals is a wholly-owned 
company has disposed of its French subsidiary of RTZ Borax, which is 
aad Belgian subsidiaries and a loss- owned by Rio Tiuto-Ziac. 
making catering offshoot in Austia- • st eet. m ranni JONES 
lia. Combined with fee sales of GROUP: The Merchant Navy 

£f 0p S7 ie V tola J Officers Pension Fund has 
will be about £4 mrDion, including a fened its entire holding ofl.! 00.000 

• SeRT 1 "cS: 

t- . ... . „ Jones Group to Ensign Trust which 

The «m*my. through IB wholly- ^ hoi^ a iota! of 1,100,000 
owned offshoot. Nrattade Track cdhiary shares in Sted BurriH 16J15 
Centre, has bought Charles Sidney, Tvrcent \ 
the Mercedes-Benz car franchise in ^ 


• RTZ CHEMICALS: The com- 
pany has acquired 25 per cent of fee 
capital of Microbial Resources. The 
consideration is substantially less 
than one quarter of one per cent of 
the consolidated net assets of Rio 
Timo-Zinc. Microbial is a British 
biotechnology company, based in 
TheaJe, Berkshire, in the field of 
biological pest control. RTZ 

MENTS: The company has pur- 
chased a farther 76.XW ordinary 

The trust has acquired a further 
25 £00 ordinary shares in The 
Investment Company, increasing is 
holding to 53.97 per cent, 

number of forecasters believed 
that there would be such a rally 
in die mice of financial assets. 

Back in the 1960s inflation 
was about three per cent and the ' 
nominal yield on medhun-to- 1 
long-term government debt was 
about six to seven per cent. We 
are now in the situation where 
inflation is about four per cent 
and the yield on medhuu-to- 
long-tenn government debt is 
about eight per cent to nine per 
cent. So we hare some distance 
to travel before the relationship 
between inflation and nominal 
medium-to-tong-term interest j 
rates is about the same as It was i 
in the 1960s. 

Why should we expect 
return to the 1960s condition? I 
believe we should expect such a 
return because we are now in a 
position where there is massive 
world-wide excess capacity in 
labour, plant and equipment, 
energy, and other raw materials. 
Thus, the conditions are well 
established for a continuance of j 
low rates of inflation. 

Secondly, the mass of inves- 1 
tors is beco min g accustomed 
again to km inflation rates. 
.After the "holocaust" of the 
1970s when the value of | 
financial assets was for all I 

practical purposes wiped out, we 
bare now been through a period 
of about four years during which 
investors have had an oppor- 
tunity to re-accnstom them- 
selves to the traditional con- ! 
dltion of the United States 

economy - 

The US h«« also been 
c h a ra cte rized for the mast part 
by surpluses of goods of all 
kinds, and by a surplus of j 
labour doe to liberal immi- ■ 
grathm policies. These con- 
ditions are now re-established, 
unthinkable though that may 
hare seemed during the 1976s. 
Hence, 1 believe we are on a 
trad; back to a time when 
“reaT interest rates will revert 
to the traditional one or two per 
cent which has distincafchctf the 
cost of money in America dmn 
the Gvil War. 

The result is that I expect 
nominal medinm-and-loag-tenn 
interest rates wfl| decline over 
the next year or so to about six 
per cent or seven per cent. Some 
argue that the size of the federal 
budget deficit will prevent this 
from occurring. To which. I 
reply that beginning in 1981, 
the United States h*« accumu- 
lated a total federal budget 
deficit in excess of $ 1,000 

period, nominal 
mediraiMo- long-term interest 
rates have fallen more than 500 
basis points. 

Maxwell Newtoo 

Japan ‘near to new robot generation 9 

By Bill Johnstone Technology Correspondent 

A new generation ot auto- years, and has published his machinery production will be 
mated factories is about to be analysis and findings in a new obtained at much lower, pro- 
bom in Japan, giving com- book, Japanese Electronics duction runs. bringing benefits 
pames manufacturing small Technology; Enterpirse and of automation heretofore Inn- 
amounts of product access to Innovation. . ited to large vol ume automobile 

advanced technology. It will The ordinary Japanese feo- ^ electric appliance pro- 
also free the workforce of large tory now ^ mov ing towards 24- Auction within reach of the vast 
corporations to concentrate on j,our production, and will majority of enterprises.” 

.rararch and development maintmn the coney’s lead as . The «fli be substantial 
These are predictions of 006 wo ^ d j principal growth in the nnnrt for 

Professor Gene Gregory, of manufecturras. Professor Gre- robots which will ceate a new 
International Business at 8pry says: Robot versatility is expanding industry in Japan. 
Sophia University in Tokyo. essential and determinant - . .. , 

has studied the Japanese rndtis- manufacturing 
trial revolution for the past 30 “Economies of sca le 

flexible Ja t>wes* tuearomes Technology: 


■ode in Tima). 


Jardine Glanvill (marine 
division): Mr K. R. Alston, Mr 
A. Ni Bond and Mr M. 
O’Donnell have been appointed 
divisional directors, and Mr M. 
East, Mr J. E. Maybe, Mr N. 
H. T. Riddle and Mr G B. 
Whiteaway associate directors. 

• Vunonhne: ' Mr Mamke 
Byron becomes administration 

: Foster Turner & Benson: Mr 
Martin Brace and Mr James 
Halfhide have joined the board. 

G T. Bowring Reinsurance 
(international division): Mr J. 
H. G MaitfaraKTones and Mr 
A- N. Robertson have been 
-made' managing directorvand 
Mr A. A. OTteiUy a director. 



C ' Company 

Price Cb'ge OnwDtv 
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reel of television 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspo»d«rt 

Charlton Athtetic HnH .. MmM .Q 
West Ham United.... — ...>.1 

Football returned wnh ' a - 
blaze of drama,, colour ■ abd7 
excitement to the - nation's 
living-rooms this weekend. 
After 11 goals in two FA, Cup . 
third-round ties had been seen - 
on ITV's - edited hi g hli g hts on 
Saturday evening, Chariton 
Athletic and West Ham United 
produced a th rilling finale, to 
their live version at Selhurst 
Park yesterday afternoon. 

Lennie Lawrence and' John ^ 
Lyall, the respective managers, 
were aware that their teams 
carried a heavy responsibility 
yesterday and their representor . 
lives fulfilled their adventurous 
predictions. ‘That was as hard 
an away game as we've had" 
Lyall admitted afler West 
Ham’s victory, “but the import- 
ant thine was that the match 
was rich in entertainment". - 
Indeed, and it hdped to 
dissipate the controversy at the 
home shared by Crystal Palace 
and Chariton. 

Ron Noades, Palace's chair- 
man, was as surprised as he was 
disappointed that their tie 
against Luton Town tfas called 
os' on Saturday, momiq^- : He 
estimated that the decision, 
which he described as “a bloody 
joke", win cost his chib some 
£20,000. In contrast, Chariton 
expect to collect £15,000 for 
sharing the show ■ jrbax was 
covered by the BBC. 

The .pitch that on Saturday 
was unplayably hard had 
become, after heavy overnight 
rain and relatively mild tem- 
peratures, almost unplayably - 
soft The flanks were as green 
and smooth as a tennis court 
but within minutes and expans- 
ive area around the centre was 


as fu8 of divots as a driving 
range/ V Thereafter, .no one 
travdBedeomfiMrtaMy across the 
muddied pitch. 

lit such conditions, where 
control was as awkward as the 
; footing, it was wiser to dispense 
with intricate decoration^ one of 
West Ham’s , tradmonally ap~ 
peaEflg" cliaiacterisiics. Toe FA 
-Cup itself^ and- paitf«!lariy : the 
third ‘ round*' is as equally 
renowned, for dramatic- goal- 
mouth inc id ent and, as the 
■players in pro vised admirably, 
there was to be no shortage of 
those throughout the afternoon. 

./ Charlton. opened and dosed 
the first half with menacing 
cross-shots, from Lee and Reid 
respectively, which confirmed 
the flaws in West Ham’s 
defence. Although the outstand- 
ing Gale and Martin are 
concrete towers , erf composure 
in the middle, and one. of- the 
principal reasons behind their 
progress in the first division so 
far, both of their fiifl backs are 

Whenever Chariton went out 
on a wing; and especially before 
the interval, Wear Ham were 
notably stretched. They were 
relieved to see _ an . unguarded 
Flanagan • • mishit from dose 
range, and even more so when 
Martin’s clearance, after Lee 
had . collected Paries’s fumble, 
bounced off Walfocrd and spun 
narrowly past a post. 

Without the aggressive Orr, 
injured and missing for the first 
time this season. West Ham's 
midfield was initially subdued. 
A Dickens header and two long- 
range efforts from Stewart and 
Watford, there troubled de- 
fenders, were their lone direct 
.attempts in a first half that 
belonged increasingly to the 
representatives from the second 

4 #*v 


Stage stumble: McAvennie is made to miss his cue by Pender. (Photograph: Chris Cole). 

But the balance swung with 
the change, of ends. Although 
Parkes was to be troubled by a 
header from Grin that finished 
the most attractive mow of the 
game, and a ferocious drive 
from Humphrey, West Ham 
began to look the more 
dangerous unit, and their 
fearsome predators gradually 
rose to prominence. , 

McAvennie. previously hid- 
den from public view, started 
by- miscumg embarrassingly. 
After being hurt in a challenge 
with Pender, - he sank into 
limping anonymity. He greeted 

his next opportunity, given to 
him by Pender’s hesitation in 
the 50th minute, with an 
uncharacteristically wild stab. 
But he was to end' by justifying 
his growing reputation. 

When Ward's chip was sliced 
by Humphrey in the 88th 
minute, he shook off his knee 
complaint, burst explosively 
through and lobbed the bail 
delicately over Johns. Cottee. 
following up, merely nudged it 
in from a couple of yards to 
claim his I3lh goal and to push 
West Ham into the fourth 

In a sense television had 
completed a cycle. The first 
match other than the Cup Final 
!o be covered live was also 
hosted by Chariton, who were 
then residing at the Valley, 
against Blackburn Rovers in the 
fifth round. History, though, 
was not to be repeated. Then. 
Charlton won by the only goal. 
Humphrey, M Reid. A Curtishtey. S 
Thompson, J Pender. S Gritt, R Lee, J 
Pearson, M Aizztewood. M Rartagan. 
Stewart, S Wattord, A Gale. A Marar.. A 
Devonshire. M Ward, F McAvennie. A 
Dickens. A CoCSS, C Pams. 

Referee: B HM (Kens ring). 

Leaders show heart Rovers lead the celebrations 

to come hack 

By Hugh Taylor 

Heart of Midlothian, the League 
leaders, staged a fierce comeback in 
the second half at Fir Park to beat 
Motherwell and extend their 
astonishing unbeaten run zo -15 
games- While they deserved the 
points which keep them four ahead 
of their nearest challengers. foe£4 
found the opposition provided fry a. 
club "who appeared doomed to 
remain at the bottom of the premieF 
division so formidable that they had 
to call on all their determination 
and a slice of luck before they won 

3- 1 on a frost-bound surface. . r 

Motherwell went in at halftime 

leading by a goal gloriously scored 
bv Reilly and the supporters of 
Hearts had feats of a repeat of their 
defeat at Fir Park earlier in she 
season until that is, they were riven 
an unexpected break in the fifty- 
seventh minute. A Motherwell 
defender was woefully short with a 
pass-back to his goalkeeper and Ion 
Jardine stepped in to score.'- After 
that Hearts look co mm a n d and 
Berry and Robertson scored the 
other goals. 

But the threat of Dnriee Halted 
is growing more o min ous,'- A . 
stunning display by the team who 
are the most exciting in the country 
saw them outclass Celtic .and win . 

4- 2 at Tannadice. The victory keeps 
United alongside Aberdeen m 
second place but Celtic, who have 
lost three times this season to their 
Dundee rivals, have dipped into 
fourth position. 

So outplayed were Celtic m me. 
first half that they found themselves 
down 4-1 at the intervaL That they .. 
were not complet ely ov errun was 
due only to their fighting spurt, for 

they' were far behind United in skill 
and imagination. United’s goals 
were scored by Dodds (two), 
Gallagher «d - Barman - (penalty) 
-with Mcdair claiming two for 

.ca tic. ; 

At Ibrox, Rangers kept a toehold 

■ in -the race for the championship, 
"wfttnheir bigrist irndbest victory of 

the season so fiir, a 5-0 win. over 
. Dundee. It. was their first win at 
.home since 1983 over opponents 

■ who had become so me t hin g of a 
. bogy side and was notable for a 

remarkable display of sharp-shoot- 
ingfrom McCoist, who scored force 
. goals and strengthened his daim for 
a place in Scotland’s World Cup 
squad- Willia ms on and Fleck were 
the other marksmen and foe win 
-was achieved without Cooper, foe 
ioteroadonal winger, 

■ A berde en, too, have regained 
more sparkling form. After a stutter 
they are back in The .final chase, 
playing splendidly in key positions 
to beat & Mirren 3-1 at Fittodne 
•• Aberdeen remain favourites to 
- win the Scottish Cup after foe draw 

■ for foe third round, which was made 
at lbrox on Saturday. The tie of the 
round' rests between Hearts and 
Rangers at Tynecastlc 

IHMMUMMD MAW Kanfttoo Acadamicafc v 
Forte tthtofc. Ayr UnHM v Stmhnnwmur or 
WNWM WMnre, AWrioonfm v JMfek 
TWsth.-QwWs-PsA * Duofearton. Hurt ot 
MdoWan V Rangers. Dwfm IMM V 
Merton, PawtMdF. or AimoHi v O/Om. 
McSharweM v Bndfei CSy, Bonatek Rangan * 
Afioa AMg, Abwdtsn v Monro** 
OytebunlCY Fate*. tOnsnodt • nttlMtai 
or StlrSng Afcion, Htowten v artwiAn 
Athlete, art F» v Sf Mkran, tMm Courty or 
Moadowbank THetle v Da tdw. G aMc v 
Hvufca Roytf A#wrt or St Johnston*. Ttee to 
be played on Jenuwy 2& 

.- A combination of bad weather. 

' delayed fixtures and players’ sheer 
refusal to give up when the FA Cup 
is ar stake meant that by 4.45 on 
Saturday afternoon only 13 of foe 32 
plat** available in the fourth round 
of the competition had beenfilled 
(Simon O’Hagan writes). 

• - The sound of ring-pulls popping 
and victory songs in the bath may 
have beeen rather thinly spread, bur 
in foe dressing rooms of Bristol 
Rovers,- Peterborough United and 
Brighton':- -it was no doubt still 
deafening.' AH these teams took on 
supposedly superior opposition and 

' On a day when foe gfrmf-kflliog 
was on a more modest scale than is 
usually foe case at this stage. Bristol 
Rovers* achievement would none- 
theless have stood out in any 
season, a third division dub beating 
rare from foe first, Leicester City, 

■ and doing it entirely on merit. 

Rovers won 3-1, their goals from 
Morgan (two) and Stephenson 
coming in a 24-minute spell in foe 
second halE 

Peterborough, of the fourth 
division, had a 1-0 win over second 
division Leeds United that was the 
very Stuff of Cup drama, T urner, foe 
Peterborough goalkeeper, breaking 
bis leg three minutes after his team's 
substitute. Shepherd, had given his 
side a sixty-seventh minute lead. 
Pike took over in goal, still Lee d s 
could not find a way through, and in 
his frustration at having a last- 
minute equalizer disallowed for 
offside, Sellars was sent oft 

Newcastle United have an FA 
Ctip reputation which is part 
glorious and part disastrous. They 
chose to live up to foe second part 

v _y t . 

'V*/ v ‘ ' 


Nicholas: three goals 

on Saturday when they overran 
Brighton from the second division 
and still managed io lose 2-0. 

On foe face of it defenders did not 
play much of a pari at Portman 
Rood, where Ipswich Town and 
Bradford City drew 4-4. or at 
Grimsby Town, where Arsenal won 
4-3. Three times Bradford kd 
Ipswich in the first half and three 
times Ipswich equalized. D*Avray 
finally put Ipswich in front after 72 
minutes, but with 12 minutes left a 
penalty by Abbott took foe game to 
a replay at OdsaL Arsenal's victory 
was largely due to Nicholas, who 
scored three goals. 

Tottenham Hotspur prevented 
their season slipping even deeper 
into its trough when Chiedozie, 
making a comeback, equalized with 
14 minutes to go at Oxford United. 

Stevens to the rescue 

Derby’s massed ranks stifle game 

Rv cinwit* fVHflran play with a Hule more flair than they were saved with splendid ag 

ssy aixwn Kt nagau s-turfav. For foe WalHnwon. 

Everton — 

Exeter City — 

Gary Stevens rescued last year's 
FA Cup .finalists Everton from foe 
h umila rion of a replay wifoExorer 
City with a goal 10 minutes from tire 
end of this FA Cup third round tie 
vesierday. Stevens scored with a low 
20 -yard shot to finally tweak the 
battling and well organized Exeter 

Everton attacked, for (he full 90 
minutes, but foeir makeshift 
midfield lacked any iayentirai and 
ihe steady stream of high balls into 
foe penalty box was e^ydeahmib 
by the big Exeter defenders Nick 

Marker, Aiden MoCaffery and Keith 

On the six occasions when 
Everton did manage to break 
/through before foo decisive goal, 
dune, nothing went right for (beta. 
With 23 minutes gone Exeter’s 
goalkeeper John Shaw did well to tip 
Shaip’s shot over the bar, and he 
repeated the save ID. minutes later 
to deny Lineker. Early in foe seco nd 
half .Step headed wide 

Yet foe best chance of all fell to 
foe' Exeter captain. Alan Grafbrd. 
Ratdffe misjudged a long, huh 
through ball from Viney, but by The 
time Crafoid r*» na c , ‘4 n chip shot, 
Southall *»— * Tpriwtivi from hu goal 
to block the foot with his body. 

GUrmgham~ — 1 

Derby County 1 

Much had been expected of a tie 
between two of the third division’s 
best sides Gflhngham, lively, skiffid 
and with a growing reputation for 
FA Cup exploits; Derby County, 
powerful, experienced and with 
more of a second division look 
about than. The match never 
' caught fight, though, and even a 
crowd of 8,983. almost twice 
Gillingham’s previous best of the 
season, failed - to _ create foe 
atm osphere foe occasion demanded. 

Deity, who have a formidable 
home record, must be favourites to 
win the replay on Wednesday, when 
they will doubtless be required to 

play with a Buie more flair than they 
could muster on Saturday. For the 
most port their packed defence and 
midfield had a deadening effect on 
the gum* and the opposition. 

Any inclination Derby might 
have had to go forward disappeared 
after the twentieth minute when 
some fairly inept defending allowed 
them to take the lead. Garner 
gathered a clearance on the edge of 
the area and. with bis back to goal, 
was given far too much time to turn 
and shoot into foe comer ofihe net. 

Gillingham’s attempts at playing 
constructive football were repeat- 
edfy thwarted by .Derby’s massed 
. ranks, and while the scurrying figure 
of Cochrane was everywhere to be 
seen, his runs seemed to confuse his 
team-mates as much as they did the 
opposition- When openings did fell 
to Weatherly and Shearer their shots 

Gluttonous Liverpool 
put Norwich run 
in harsh perspective 

edge on 

By Clive White 

Liverpool *... WM ,«5 

Norwich City ... 0 

Working from foe premise foal 
the FA Cup is supposed to be a great 
levdicr. many must have felt that 
lie odds were weighed heavily 
against foe favourites on Saturday; 
Liverpool’s own recently-dented 
form pitched against Norwich City’s 
new. shiny success on s frosty 
surface that was os much home to 
Liverpool as Alaska. Fortunately for 
Liverpool, they do not hslen to 

1 cannot think of another team in 
foe country who would have reacted 
so posuivelj in the circumstances. It 
would have been easier ;o have 
succumbed and blamed il on the 
vagaries of foe hostile weather. Bui 
Liverpool ere great competitors. 
Besides, jbey were in a gluttonous 
mood after five matches without a 
victory. It was clear that MacDo- 
nald’s twemv-foird minute goal 
would noi suffice. 

Not that they had anticipated a 
goal glut. On the contrary, they 
played Molby as sweeper, a role they 
are more likely to reserve for the 
Dane against the leaders of the first 
division than the second. One 
reason may be that tiicv had chosen 
to play Whelan ic the unfamiliar 
role ot left back m place of Berlin, 
whose form has been suffsrinE, With 
Liverpool so much on the offensive, 
it worked splendidly, as Whelan was 
able to push forward regularly into 
for midfield space vacated by 
MacDonald, who was given an 
effective roving commission. 

Whereas Liverpool sought to mck 
out their front men as quickly as 
possible. Norwich attempted to rig 
zag their way through with short, 
intricate passes that demand as 
much foe stills of Torvill and Dean 
os of a professional footballer. Yet 
despite Liverpool’s widespread 
a* [acting success - five different 
players scored - the name of Rush 
was again conspicuous by us 
absence from foe score sheet. As his 
manager. Kenny Dalglish, has 
remarked. Rush has lost none of his 
ability, only his accuracy. 

The thrilling form of Walsh is an 
important consolation to Liverpool. 
Norwich never got to grips with 
him. until Watson, a Liverpudlian, 
did unfairly after an hour, and for 
little fellow limped off with a slight 
knee injury. But the damage to 
Norwich had been done. 

Free ticks for fouls on Walsh (the 

first of which be took smartly 

himself) led to the opening goals, by 
MacDonald and hiinsdC Norwich 
threatened to have a say when 
Grobbelaar made his first clever 
save after an hour from Mendham, 
but then, while Bruce lay injured. 
McMahon strode on to score foe 

third. A fine running header by 

Whelan, and typical dose-range 
opportunism from Wark. put 
Norwich firmly in iheir place, and 
seven consecutive Norwich vic- 
tories into harsh perspective. 

LIVERPOOL: B Grobieiaar S Neat K 
MacDonald. M Lawraraon R Wnalar.. A 
Hanson, P WjW fsutr J Work). C Jonnstsn. I 
Ru«. J Moray. S McMsnan. 

N3R7TCH CfPf: C Wooes: I CuW^CJU. D 
van Wy*. s Brusa. u Pm ten. D Waisen. M 
Bsrtuun. K CrmiAU. VJ BQsns. P Manoham. 0 
WFIl*-* i;u 3 : j Swnam. 

RetaM*: □ HuKftimon iHarrogaro). 

Chelsea go skating 
through on thin ice 

Aston Villa ^ft their equalizer at 
Portsmouth even la'.er. Birch 
making it 2-2 with a minute left. 
The referee made news here too. 
sending off Portsmou:h*s Gilbert 
and booking seven other players. 
Both foe non-Leaguc clubs whose 
games went ahead reached the end 
of the road, Wycombe Wanderers 
losing 2-0 at York City and Frickky 
Athletic going down 3-1 at home to 
Rotherham United. 

17 FA Cup ties 
still undecided 

Seventeen FA Cup third round 
tics remain undecided as the draw 
for the fourth round takes piece 
today. Two ties that should have 
taken place yesterday, Stoke City 
against Notts County and Middlesb- 
rough against Southampton, were 
postponed because the pitches were 
until The new dates arc tomorrow 
and on Wednesday respectively. 
Middlesbrough's match bad already 
been postponed from Saturday. 

Al foe other matches postponed 
on Saturday bar one will be played 
tonight. Manchester United will 
play Rochdale tomorrow. The full 
list of tics yet to be decided is: 

TODAY: Smtanoham City i AHrintattn; Bury v 
Bamsely: Cart&n tinted v Cheat's Pwfc 
Rangers (7.45): Crystal Palace v Luton Town 
(7.4$r Oldham AUVatfc v OiUKSi StwfteU 
tinned v FUBiaro; SftafMd Wadnaaday » West 
Bromwich Afroa. 

TOMORROW: Manchester United v Rochdale: 
BlBCkfaum Rovers w WoM lnoha m FtaBse 
Ptymoutn Arayto v Htil City; Reatteg s 
MattersfMd: Sw* C»y v Nota County. 
WEDNESDAY: Aston VOs v P ortmo ugt 
Bradford CUy v Ipswich (at Odni): Derby 
County * QtBncfwro; MttKteOrouch * 
Soumafspton: Tottanham Hospur v Oxford 
Unted (BOO. 

By David Miller 

Shrewsbury .... 0 

Chelsea 1 

When you are obliged to play 
with your legs mostly positioned at 
20 to four in a vain attempt io 
remain upright, it ts not surprising 
as Chelsea learned, foal the ball 
oftea embarrassingly goes straight 
between them at 6.30. Chelsea were 
remarkably fortunate noi to be 
taken to a replay at Gay Meadow- 
end were spared b> foe mast 
exceptional piece of footwork of foe 
afternoon, ten minutes from time, 
by Spedie, who performed a 
sp.nnmg turn which would have 
done credit to Christopher Dean. 

This cup-tie would have had no 
less connexion with conventional 
football had it been enacted on foe 
heavies deck of aa aircraft carrier 
pitching about in a sale and 
Shrewsbury would have equally 
benefited. An iced pitch, covered in 
snow and with pink-powdered lines 
with preditably good for action, 
though hardly in first division-style. 

Goalkeepers diving for the ball 
were apt to continue, on elbows and 
knees, towards the outer edge of the 
penalty area like Cresta riders. 
Challenging defenders and attackers 
gyrated past each other in opposite 
directions, neither of them in 
position. Five minutes before 
Spcedie's goal. NardicUo almost 
scored for Shrewsbury when three 
defenders in front of him con- 
veniently fell over. When Dixon 
slifoenngly toiled an opponent, foe 
referee pointedly reminded him the 
ground was frozen, as much as to 
sav "This isn't football we are 
playing". It was. indeed, more 
Barnum than FA Cup. 

Shrewsbury remains engagingly 
rural. The M2 5 comes within ten 
miles, but you won't find it 
mentioned on the road signs leaving 
town. Smiling, burly, red-faced 
fellows stood blacking 'public house 
doorways, saying “good morning" 
in a friendly form of verbid 
surveillance before allowing civil 

Kings Road travellers to rntqr. via 
the cellar, through a rear door. 

"Oh. 1 do hate this modem off- 
side trap" said an informed home 
supporter beside foe Press box 
overflow, when a Shrewsbun 
forward was flagged litife more than 
ten yards from the goal line. They 
know, you know. 

With little men like Nevin, 
Speedic and Hazard. Chelsea should 
have had an advantage: and did for 
20 minutes. Then Shrewsbury, 
uninhibitedly, started hoofing arid 
galloping instead of trailing, and 
this direct action produced more of 
the chances. Daly, an old hand, 
provided a lesson in how to play 
standing still, and McNally. Pear- 
son. Hackett and NardicUo might all 
have scored. But Chelsea skated 
back into iftc spotlight. 

Perks, diving where foe bail was, 
found it wasn’t, and Nevin shot 
over from an angle with Speedie. 
dead centre, begging for foe ball. 
Someone next cleared off the 
Shrewsbury line. Then Kevin's 
comer fell beyond foe Cur post at 
Spcedie's feet. Wifo a miraculous 
double-lutz, he had it in foe net via 
Dixon’s deflection before you could 
say Betty Callaway. 

HuanM. S Cfws. N Pearson. G Stovwi, A 
MeNUy. G Hachert G Nardtfo. C floWnson. 

CHELSEA: E Ntemnoeta: D Bouqnfi. K 
DubUn. c Pb»s. J Mclaughki. K Jones. P 
Nevin, N Spackrrtan, K Dixon, D Speed*. M 
Hazard |s£> P CanovifioV 
Referee: K MOty/ iSeBordL 

By Sydney Friskin 

Murray Interoational Metilv. 
from Edinburgh, won foe Gleiuid- 
dich Internationa! iouna2rramL one 
of the more distinguished contr-e- 
titions in Europe, beating ihs 
holders, Menzie&htti. of Dundee, 5-4 
in the final at the BelUhouston 
sports centre. Glasgow, yesterday. 
They had previously won it in 19tW 
and !<?$/. 

Like several matches in thi! 
tournament, ;bo final prov:ded a 
tremulous dimax, with Mcnrresh;!! 
cutting foe iead to 5-4 about a 
minute before tfr: e-vd. But the 
strain of pfctytog 24 rallies in three 
weeks eventually icofc its toll cno 
they _ finished a lit tic ^hon o: 

M1M. who always locked sharp- 
er. were a goal dow n in two mir.u*-.**. 
Cmhill having put Mcazicshili m 
for lead. Potter soon redressed th- 
balance and a half-time MINI w-er: 
leading 3-2. b; which time Chr.v.-r 
had scored for McnricJiiU. Ka> an- 
Edwards fbrMlM. 

By midway in the second half fo r 
Edinburgh side fed 5-2 thnwgh goa:*. 
by Scoular and Hay. In beiwcr- 
Paui Golden scored for Menii rsh:!!. 
and he restored their hopes ‘^ifo 
goal which came a little too In:-.* 
Phillip Shier, the Avcca goilkeep-T. 
recti'. ed foj award for foe player of 
the tournament. 

St Alban? the English champicr.-,. 
did not live up to the promts. - 
shown on Saturday a>2 lini'bfd 
faunh after bein^ bca'cr 7-4 f-. 
Avoca. of Dublin, in in.- p'a>-off. 
Giles scored iwogca!s and Hailidav. 
and Ashby one each for S: Albany 
who were comprehensively hcafou 
5-2 by MIM in the semi-final 

RESULTS: Ofoup A. r 

!na&5ggnscn Tri 1 *. s * . Ar-ibfts 5 S'. AT ,-s A 
El AtoafT. 5. 5 

TratJc-'s 6. Ar-io-^ s. r/tmiCfta- ; i. w; : 
Si Aflsans 5. Tmflcts i Q/rre £: 

UlM 9. Rresw-ti &. a iv.t 9 O-anewm t. 
Ciir.xigor. £. MIM 7. Fuaijrana - #vaa 6. 
Grcnr-cn 10. Fi'OCrava 6>. Viol ■'• 

Scou-^ncls.' L'^ruresM S. A. ■oca c. !>■:/ ;.3: 

Millwal! find way to deal 
with aerial bombardment 

were saved with splendid agility by 

Gillingham soon resorted to an 
aerial assault on foe Derby 
goalmouth, where Co sarin o. foe 
Republic of Ireland imernationol 
.forward, was involved in a standing 
jump competition with Hmdmarch 
and MacLaren for most of ibe 
afternoon. Cascarino can justly 
claim to have won it, for it was his 
header from Oakes's 68fo minute 
free kick that sent foe ball back 
across the face of the goal and gave 
Robertson the chance to equalize. 

OLLMGHAH: R HKySifc M Saga. K Bwy, K 
Oakaa. M Waatfiartw. J rtmtocn. T Cochrane. 
D Snearar. M Rotinaon, 0 Mehmat tsutt D 

ByraeL A Caacarino. 

DERBY COUNTY: M WaKngton: P Etades. S 
Burttef. O WSsms. fi Hmimaren. R 
UKUran, C JUfcldawhiiB, T Qwioae. A Gjiw. 
J Gregory, J CtmdMr (sub: G Hanm}. 

Ratoraa: J Ashworth tLaeawaWrak 

By P aul Newman 

Millwail... 3 

Wimbledon 1 

Almost any victory. and 
especially one in a knock-out 
competition, is certain to give 
satisfaction to a manager, but 
George Graham, of MillwalL drew 
particular pleasure from his side's 
win in the third round of foe FA 
Cup at the Den on Saturday. 

Respectful of the threat that 
Wimbledon's up-and-at-'em style 
posed . Graham had taken ihe 
trouble to watch them twice. 
Impressed by what he had seen, he 
spent more of his time than he 
would usually like m training last 
week on discussing the opposition’s 
qualities and consequently adapting 
biv side's tactics. 

The result was such a clear-cui 
victory that it was difficult to 
believe that Wimbledon lie 15 
places above Millwail in the second 
division table, “h was like men 
against boys", Dave BassetL 
Wimbledon's admirably frank 
manager, said afterwards. 

Nation and Walker, MillwaJl's 
central defenders looked completely 
at ease under Wimbledon's usual 
aerial bombardment and foe 

visitors appeared totally bereft ol 
any other attacking ideas. Defen- 
sively. their offside tactics proved 
thoroughly inadequate as Millwail 
players either set out on runs from 
deep positions or took on opponents 
with foe tall at their feet. 

Lovell put Millwail ahead from 
close range after 10 minutes. 
Fashanu provided the second with a 
20-yard drive 25 minutes laier and 
Walker scrambled the third a 
quarter of an hour from the end. 
Cage's angled shot after 89 minutes 
gave Wimbledon a consolation goal 
they did not deserve. 

What was most surprising about 
Wimbledon's display was an 
apparent lack of the sort ofqualuics 
- endeavour, commitment and 
determination - which have been 
the conerstones on which their 
recent success has been built. 
“Millwail warned to win more than 
we did**. Bassett said, adding that he 
was ordering the players to ancnd a 
team talk, yesterday morning to 
discuss foe performance. 

MILLWALL: P Sansoma: K Slovens. P 
HYKTietwcod. l Bntoy. A Walter. M Nutran. S 
LownoM. R wason. J Fasnanu. S Loval, a 
O tuiafcowslu. 

WttABLiTDOft: D Beanm: J Kay. H 
Wntubum. S Gaflsre, M Smith. D Mann. S 
Evans, A Cork. I HottMray. W Downes (sub. K 
Gaoej.G Hodges. 

He tense; H King [Merthyr TyOfll). 

Is dmwE 
by Britain 

Dubai, tailed Arab Ertirat-.-v 
1AFP1 - Great Britain 
beaten 1-ri p* Pakistan and 4-! b;. 
India, '.lagej'a second-half rati:- ir. 
draw 3-3 with for Obrnpic Game* 
silver medal winners Wcy German* 
in the in* national lour-r,aimn 
tournament here vcsterdii. 

The Germans, who beat the world 
and Olympic champions Pakistan -- 
2 in a replay of foe I *>S-S Los A.~;:'e 
Olympic final on Saturdav. led 3-i 
at iheintcrs-al. 

Britain, beaten by Wcm Germa-/. 
tn foe Olympic Games semi-final-.. 
had drawn 1-! wifo the German' in 
the Champions Trophy in Perth 
Australia, in November when they 
took the silver medal. 

However, they arrived here 
without time to acclimatize and. in 
spite of conceding four goals !? si - .: 
lively Indian forwards, sll their 
matches have been dose affairs. 

Pakistan were playing India las: 
h; in the final match, and their 2- 

title on goal difference. All four 
teams now- move on to Kuwait fern 
similar tournament, but or. artificial 

RESULTS: Pakistan 1. Great 0: IrvSia l 
West Germany •: imWi 4. Greal Enuun "to" 
Gwnar.y <. Paiusun 2. Crest Em&r. 3. West 
Germenv 1 Ind* 2. PiKistan 2. 


Bond syndicate 
runs into 
more problems 

Fremantle - Alan Bond's America's 
Cup defence sjmdicatc seems to be 
carrying their run of bad luck in 
December through to foe Ncv. Year 
A scries of collisions last month put 
both their vachis Australia II ar.d 
Australia 111 out of action for a 
while (John Roberson writes!. No 
sooner were they bark afloat than 
Australia Jl\ mast was broken in a 
dockside accident. On Friday the 
mast of their new yacht. Australia 
III. was badly bent. 

On returning io her the 

back slay was removed ar.2 
suddenly the mast icpplvd forv-arl. 
Although Warren Jones, th: syndi- 
raut's director, mode light of the 
accident broken ousts iinhin 
two weeks would upset anyone's 
training schedule. 

More yacfctinc. pa»r 


Harris staves 
off fatigue 
to retain cup 

By Colin McQuillan 

Del Hams, a remarkable 16 -year- 
old player from Esse*, vesierday 
won his second successive Drysdale 
Cup final with a display of fighting 
skill and courage which placed him 
emphatically at the head of an 
England squad developing encour- 
aging momentum towards She world 
junior championships in Australia 
ne\t spring. 

At Cip.mvfs Club in London. 
Hams defeated Matthew- G\Icy. an 
lii-year-ola from Cambridge- h - l) 
9-5. 1-9. !0A 9-fl in 3 7 minutes ,f > 
overcome Paul Gregory in a semi- 
final which at one stage of the fifth 
game had both players reduced by 
cramp to immobility. 

Hams last year became the 
youngest winner of the t-sem ai IS 

Oxley set out to exploit Harri. 1 ' s 
hard match the previous evening 
and at 2-1 and 7-2 in foe lourth 
game, if seemed that foe tactics were 
about to pay off. However. Hams, 
match point down at 8-9, halted tne 
momentum of his opponent when 
changing rackets for a broken string. 
He saved maichpomt wiif* a 
wonderfully advenwrous cut drop, 
clinched foe game 10-9 and went on 
to win foe fiffo W in esxen 

RESULT& aiortw-fWt* (OB unjp» tSntaiJ; 
R Gratm s MJM: Wjw 

M M Cams 0 - 9 , 9-0. M. ree 0 Hams M 5 Butt 
8-7, 9-5, M: P (vijxjry bt 0 WoOw 3-S. 


are on 
the ball 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

England's destiny against asm he has engendered, not 
Wales passes now to the plavcrs onlv among players but 
from the administrators after officials, too. 
the most meticulous prep* ... . , - . 

a ration preceding the Fiw It is typical too. of the new 
Nations Championships that I ° r e jm ! zatl0n work f* ould 
have wen from England. Yes- ^ earned out with the 
terdav's squad trainine at ball which England will encoun- 
Twickenham revealed much of £ m of ^ four games, 
the detail which the m Thev and ScotJand have opted 
selection panel has called for - "T" GlIbe , n Bar^ap 

and has been granted - and balL To thc oaJooke T lX 

more work will be done during ma - . no , 1 SCCTI i! ^P 0113111 bu * 
the coming week, ?PV back, particularly any goal 

Martin Green. England's £cker, W,H , teU ??“ S al 
coach had the match squad of dlfrcrcnt react in differ- 

21 working for 2*“ hours c nt ^ys. h ‘s the kmd of detail 
reinforced at times by a dozen ? h,ch ^ cnjor B P*l and P ia y. cre 
more players from senior h ? VC . r^" qu,elIy grousmB 
London dubs who volunteered a “° ut for some seasons, 
their assistance. With him were 
Brian Ashton tfor thc backs) 
and Dcs Seabrook. the Under- 
23 and B team coach who 
helped with thc forwards. 

The morning had been well 
planned which was just as well 
in the chill wind which swirled 
round Twickenham. Set piece 
unit skills were practiced with 
piayers breaking away occasion- 
ally for individual work with 
Seabrook: the forwards also 
benefitted from thc acquisition 
of a Powerhouse scrummaging 
machine which the Australians 
found so useful Iasi season and 
in which several English clubs 
have invested this season. 

Thc backs practised in large 
and small units, with thc goal 
kickers taking turns to improve 
their particular skill, while other 
players were preoccupied- else- 
where. It is hoped that Andrew, 

Davies and Barnes will get 
togclher in midweek with Hare 
the former England fullback to 
practice kicking at goal and out 
of hand before thc squad 
gathers again next weekend at Si 
Paul's School in London. 

Thc use of Hare’s acknowl- 
edged skills is typical of the 
work which thc selectors have 
done and great crcdiL must go to 
Michael Weston, their chair- 
man. for thc spirit and enlhusi- 

Lucky 13 for Finn 

By George Ace 

Moss Finn and Ronan Kearney 
were thc two players named 
yesterday by ihc Irish selectors to 
replace ihc injured Keith Crossan 
and Ni^lc Carr for ihc game against 
France in Pans on February 1. Both 
last played far Ireland against 
Australia in the opening ‘inter- 
national oflast season. 

That Finn would take over from 
Crossan always looked feasible, 
although the youthful Roger 
Anderson. of London Irish, again 
underlined his potential, making the 
most of limited opportunities in the 
Ireland v Combined Provinces 
came at Lansdownc Road on 
Saturday, which Ireland won 21-12. 
Siv points came in the third minute 
of injury time after a try by Phil Oit, 
thc veteran loose head prop who 
wins his 49:h successive cap in 
Paris. This will be Finn's 1 3lh cap m 
.in international career which 
started against England in 1979. 

Kearney, who will be winning his 
third cap - he made his debutc 
against France as a replacement for 
Vi illic Duggan in 1 982 - edged out 
Willie Duncan, the Malone and 
L ister umg forward on what was 

almost certainly a 3-2 vote. Kearney 
was more conspicuous in Saturday's 
trial, but in the tough forward 
exchanges which are bound to 
prevail m Paris. Duncan's total 
commitment and rugged strength 
may have made him a better choice 
than the Wanderers' man. Other- 
wise the team was wholly predict- 
able. wph the remaining 13 players 
all having been in action against 
England in the Triple Crown and 
championship deader at Lan- 
sdownc P.oad last March. 

IRELAND; H P MwfMB (London Msti): T M 

T Bradfoy (CofT> CoraMuSont P A Qrr (OU 
Washm C F FltzgmM (Si Mary's Camas, 
capasij. J J McCoy IBangon. P M MoNhoim 
D G Lanftan (Com ConatXuMonj. W A 
Anderson (Dungannon). H K Kearney 
(Windows). B J SpflbDH (BahumtinsL 
Hede c owow s. A P Komdy (London Irate. H 
T K art * son [Bectrrs Rangers, B W McCsl 
(London Irani. R C Brady (BaBynwiai. R P 
Keyes [Cork CornwuUote. P I Rainey 
l Ballymena). 

• Instonians pnt their scmi-Iinal 
place in thc Ulster Senior League 
betond doubt wben they defeated 
Cl VMS 21-11 at Belmont on 

The Welsh Scotland 
take a 
last look 

By Gerald Davies 

With the game against England 
drawing closer, the Webb selectors 
still hare to make op their minds 
.•.bout one or two places, so they were 
at two of the three first class 
matches which managed at least a 
start in Wales on Saturday. No 
selector was there to see Glamorgan 
Wanderers beat Weston 24-4. hot 
there were iwo at Rodney Parade 
and t«o more at Talbot Athletic 

South Glamorgan Institute cannot 
be said to draw the greatest crowds - 
mnre is the pity, perhaps - so that 
not many people have actually seen 
■lnhn De*ercnn play. From the very 
few who hare, be has drawn glowing 
remarks. Two of the Welsh 
selectors, realising the need to 
consider a new centre pairing this 
season, went along to sec biro play 
for Bridgend against Newport. 

Bat as on those other occasions 
lately when they have gone to watch 
him. the weather, no respecter of 
rugby selectors, has intervened so 
mercilessly that matches have been 
called off. Dev ere nx had touched the 
ball mice - such statistics would 
appear to be important in these 

circumstances - before Ken Row- 
lands decided after 15 minutes that 
Ihc frozen soil underneath all the 
surface water was dangerous. If the 
voeng centre is selected it will be 
large!? a step is the dark for the 
Welsh selectors. 

At the Talbot Athletic ground 
interest centred around the contest 
cl scrum half between Ray Giles and 
Robert Jones. Not nniil 10 minutes 
before thc kick-off was it decided 
that Hie match would be played. 
Aberaion, who had their previous 
b«o qames called off because of the 
uzaiher, were keener to play than 
their visitors bat David Richards, 
Swansea"* acting captain, was 
persuaded to hare a go. j t 
was a brave effort by both teams 
with, surprisingly, may aa mating 
and skilful movement in the match, 
which the home side *on by three 
goals to a goal and a penalty. 

The match was abandoned after 
25 minutes of the second half with 
I be Welsh selectors not having 
learnt anything more than they 
already know about tbe two scrum 
half contenders. Giles is already 
piajing to bis fall potential in 
whichever jersey he plays, Jones, 
already a delightful player, may 
ha»e much more to offer given a 
different theatre of performance. 

in turmoil 

By Ian McLauchlau 

Blues ..... 

Reds ...... 



It is often the case with national 
trials lhat more problems arc 
created than solved. So it was at 
Murray field on Saturday as the 
junior XV. the Reds, inflicted a 
humiliating defeat on their senior 
colleagues in blue. 

The Hastings brothers. Gavin and 
ScoiL had a field day with 26 points 
between them. Gavin, with a fine 
solo try. four penalties and three 
conversions, accounted for 22 

Thc game must leave the Scot- 
land selectors in some turmoil as the 
Blues were ouucrummaged and 
beaten in the lincoul and loose pLay. 
Thc frailly of the fringe defence of 
Jim C aider and Jeffrey was ruth- 
lessly exposed by Stuart Johnston, 
who ran freely from scrum and 
liacout. White and Beattie (before 
he transferred lo the Blues to replace 
the injured Paxton I also bad un- 
opposed runs from the scrum base. 

In thc liceout Parker showed 
inexperience in coping with Camp- 
bell or White at the front, and in thc 
middle Tomes could not counter the 
double i earning of Campbell -Lam cr- 

ton with cither White or Campbell. 

Wvjic. at stand-off. took full 
advantage of this good possession to 
control the game id a mature 
fashion. He mixed play »en. as did 

his strong-running centres. Scott 
jnd Scon Hastings, who subjected 
Robertson and David Johnston to a 
harrowing afternoon with some 
fierce tackling and trenchant 
running. Gavin Hastings at full back 
had a day when most things went 
his way. until he deputed thc scene 
with a cut eye. He was replaced by 
Flannigan. who scored a try. 

SCORERS: "*— * Try. Duncan, Penates: 
Cod. (2J. Rods: Trior G Hastings. S Hastings. 
F Caieer. Lasse. Ffcnnism. Cbmerwte: O 
Kuravjs o Pa ns fflos- G Hastings K). S 





-f' V 

,C % f* A 

Only half the squad were 
engaged in matches on Satur- 
day: of them Hall, the Bath 
flanker, collected a gashed 
eyebrow against Waterloo and 
restricted his activities after the 
cut opened again. Halliday. 
Davies and Underwood all had 
slight hamstring steams, but 
Don Gatherer. England's 
physiotherapist, was happy with 
his charges at the end of tbe 

When thc squad gathers again 
next weekend they will have a 
leading referee in attendance to 
establish exactly what is allowed 
under thc most recent law 
interpretations. I imagine both 
England and Wales will watch 
Bob Ford ham, the Sydney 
referee, when he handles the 
game next Saturday between 
London Welsh and Bath so that 
they may get some idea of the 
Australian officials' approach to 
the game. 

Mr Fordham, who is jostling 
with Kerry Fitzgerald as his 
country's hading refercee, will 
handle the game at Twicken- 
ham on January 18. in respect 
of which British Gas yesterday 
handed over a £30,000 cheque - 
written on a rugby ball - as thc 
first stage of this year's sponsor- 

O'."' Ovs/' 

.. .lA-'-'.'-f 

Smith, the Queensland scrum half, clearing the baU against Kent at the Rectory Field yesterday 

brave Kent 

to victory 

Balance is a chip on 
both shoulders 

By David Hands 

Moseley ...... 




It may be too late for Gareth 
Roberts to press his claim to a place 
in the Welsh bock row that will play 
against England later this month, 
but his well-being is not in question 
after a forthright display against 
Moseley at the Reddings on 
Saturday. Cardiff won by a goal a 
try and a penalty goal against a try 
and a penalty and Roberts, capped 
List season against England, was at 
Lhe heart of much, of it. 

The flanker injured thigh 
ligaments playing a^inst the 
Fyiians in October and only 
returned at Christmas, but he and 
the other 29 players wilt have had 
mixed feelings about playing at all at 
the weekend as winter laid a carpet 
of snow over Birmingham for some 
two hours, including the whole 

It was not that the playing surface 
was dangerously hard since Moseley 
had taken the precaution of 
covering it with straw for what is 
one of their most popular mid- 
season games. But the players found 
great difficulty keeping their feet 
and. in such circumstances, serious 
injury is always possible. While 
being disappointed that a player of 
Gareth Davies' maturity should feel 
obliged to reply to barrackers with a 
rude gesture as be tced-up the final 
place kick of thc match, one can 
sympathize with his fedings; the 
large crowd were lucky to see a game 

li was. too. a well-contested game 
even if thc feeling remained that 
Cardiff were coasting. They 
could afford to. They dominated 
possession, at set piece and maul, 
and did just enough to keep Moseley 
at arm’s length wiihoui taking undue 
risks themselves, understandable on 
such a day. In the process. Noisier 
demonstrated how much Wales will 
miss him this international season: 
he was a cut above everyone else at 
the linc-ouL 

Moseley's best hope lay in 
keeping the ball in hand, which is a 
difficult responsibility when the 
object in question comes back so 
sluggishly'. They showed what they 
could do from the best piece of 
possession they won all afternoon. 
Recardo. taking a rare lineout. and 
McMillan doing just enough to put 
the ball behind Cudiffs backs. 
Metcalfe joined his line and the two 
back row men. Masters and 
ShtliingfonL were at the comer for 
the No 8 to score. 

Masters had a notable game. He 
is a voracious tackier, a quality 
reflected up and down the Moseley 
backs who absorbed an enormous 
amount of first-half pressure when 
Cardiff were playing down the slope. 
Davies and Ackerman conjured a 
neat set piece try for Donovan, who 
looked sharper than for some tirr.d 
but otherwise the Cardiff tide broke 
on a black and red dam. 

The biller wind increased to aid 
Nlosclcy in the second haft', but 
Metcalfe's penalty - in a game notably 
free of such awards only spurred 
Cardiff to their 1 00th try of the 
season. Lee working thc ic-form 
Gbsson over m that comer. 
Shillingford reduced the defier, but 
thc Cardiff forwards, who made 
Moseley's scrum creek throughout, 
forced a collapse which gave Davies 
the final word. 

cf ScotonAjK W Rnb«rt»on (Moires*), O 
Jo hns t on (vEtscmans), t Tutalo (5*8trt); JT 
RntttorfqrO (SetM*). R J Loidtei (Jatf-ForasQ; 

A g BMwmr (Stows* BMrtrtbO. * * 
iramanoobi. A J Ton** ffbMoq HCjMw 
tStowairs-Mafirttoj. I A M Poston tSoDctk) (rap 
D Q LMflo, CltWbb MSFP). 4 JattraylKata}. 


(H*n3 j ffuSH Seen ( Sto wr*> Mohft f. * 
Hutton* flfKsoriaro). G RTBaWptelaeK D 
S WyflH iStowart'o-MnMBeJ. IS 
iWaBonattlfc 0 M B Soto (BaM. O «* 

(KftlM. e*p tout). N A RMM » 

jaMLa55i ( ^Sh > J Q j WM i lQ*Lj** 

Baauto (©use* AaflaratoalaJ. r C*»w 

There has come a time when one 
has started to feel rather sorry for 
the Australians. Why not? I cant 
think of a better way of annoying 
Hunt, What a pity about your 
cricketers, mate. Such decent chaps. 
Shame they're not quite good 
enough, eh? I write this as one who 
teas just received belated payment 
for a tret struck with an Australian 
friend on the outcome of tbe hut 
.Ashes series - it took a while to 
collect because for some months be 
affected to believe that tbe subject of 
the wager was the Australian rugby 
tour of last season. 

The rivalry between Englishmen 
and Australians is a gorgeous thing; 
a matter of unending banter, jokes, 
insult and challenge, which at its 
best is something uo one takes aver- 
seriously bat would sharpen the 
edge of both conservation and 
challenge quite delightfully. Tbe 
unending tenter adds a shake of 
Tabasco to any contest: “How can 
you (ell wben a jet fuff of Pommy 
sportsmen land at Sydney airport? 
The plane keeps up a high-pitched 
whine after the engines bare been 
switched off.” 

We have a new and a rather 
terrific bunch of Ockers with os at 
the moment: tbe Queensland state 
rugby side hare come to play 
matches in England. Ireland and 
Wales, and they are promising to 
play some effective and dashing 

Certainly they will pick up the 
ball and run with it. which wiff be a 
delightful novelty, since the last 
Englishman to do such a thing was 
probably William Webb Ellis. They 
are captained by Roger Gould, a 
member of tbe grand sfatm side, a 
hulking and amiable Australian 
who. by some oversight, doesn’t 
wear a moustache. “Oh. no," he 
said. "Don’t talk about thc cricket 
It's too depressing”. 

“Depressing? What do you 
mean?”, asks a colleague. “We're 
foor for no wicket, aren't we?” 
Sporting morale is in a bit of a 
bough in Australia as memories of 
the splendid national rugby side 
fade and the cricket team fail to 

Bath are 

By John Clemison 



Waterloo _ — 



Mmci3s. Cansre THm: D c nc w . GUsaor. 
Convantou: Oavres. Pamtitr: Dram. 
MOSELEY: I MKSatfe leaptarg J Gcwftrr. C 
Smtoi. I MeMBon. D Pawm T Exww. 
S Robson: M Lmnoa. G Cea. V Obocu s 
Jsaaom, S Boyto. A Rocarflo. S Muttra. 

CAHOOT: M Raw A Giuscn. R Ackan-w. 
A Donovan. A Ha dor. G Dvnvr 7 Lea, J 
Wstttord. a Primes fcapmn). I Earar. *> 
Latun. R Ncrater. M Rowley. G Petoara, j Scot. 
M wii 0 Ma toe w a OJwmtoci?. 

Rash Yorkshire 
use wrong 
tactics in snow 

By Michael Stevenson 

The circumstances of Lanca- 
shire's M victory over Yorkshire in 
the IS-group schoolboys* matcfr on 
Saturday exemplified £e omozreg 
lengths to which the English wii- go 
to play and ’’enjoy" their sport. 

A frozen patch of the playing area 
at Fylde caused the gome ;c be 
transferred at short notice to Rosso!' 
School, where a surprisingly large 
crowd braved the fierce cold acd 
driven snow. 

Yorkshire were favourites but. 
despite the premise of their scrap; 
half Tunoa. were tactically a*. Satdt. 
It was t day for kicking rather ibaa 
pawing . Admirably, but rashly. 
Yorkshire tried to handle, and 
suffered accordingly. 

After Pond's tarty penalty, a reck 
was forced near thc Lancashire !:nc 
and Grieve, a promising No S. was 
over for the game's only try. Pond’s 
second penalty just before die 
interval proved decisive: a demand- 
ing and atoitionaJ second half saw 
Yorkshire press, with the wind oa 
their backs, but a couple of praalrv 
chances were missed by their foil 
back. Fee. who otherwise hod on 
excellent match 

w*ttftoa Prap 

i Simon 

By Peter Marson 

Kent *..9 

Queensland ... — ......32 

satisfy. “Well, at least the gnys In 
Sooth Africa aren't doing so badly", 
said Gould, brightening op a 
fraction. Ho. hum. 

"Then we had this tnmis gay, 
wtetisname”, said Gould. “A young 
Australian. Thrashed Boris Becker 
at junior Wimbledon a couple of 
yean back. Wonder what happened 
to him”. “Got some great young 
golfers", another colleague said. 
“Terrific girl rower... and there's 
the America's Cop”. 

Ah, yes. The America's Cop. That 
historic occasion when all Eogtead 
shouted for Australia. It remains an 
excellent Joke: lot a Queenslander 
the joke is trebled when he starts to 
wooder what all those yacht-racing 
milt hmi r e t win do when they're in 
Perth. Perth is about 2,000 mDes 
away from Brisbane, or, as a 
Queenslander would pot it, civiliza- 

Gould doesn't see any temporary 
slump in Australian morale affecting 
his brave boys. He has a dozen or so 
internationals in the squad, many of 
them grand slam players. “We've 
got some really good tall jumpers - 
and you do seem to have a lot of 
lincouts here. We have a good pack, 
good backs and a scrum half with 
unbelievable tends who can make 
the hall dance. Wer've a wdl-bal- 
anccd side.” A weB- balanced 
Australian side h, of coarse, one in 
which tbe players have a chip on 
both shoulders. 

The Queenslanders are such an 
amiable bunch, and take such 
cheerful pleasure to the antique 
Anglo -Australian rivalries and all 
banter that goes with them, that one 
feels a sudden ambition to see the 
Ockers on their home ground. “Isn't 
there a rale that says yon can't get a 
visa if you have a criminal record? 
Really? And I always thought it was 
a qualification.'' 

Haying speedy, skilful rugby, 
Queensland outran and eventually 
outclassed a gallant Kent XV at the 
Rectory Field yesterday. Scoring 
two goals, two tries and four penalty 
goals to a dropped goal and two 
penalties, Queensland made an 
eminently satisfactory start to their 
European tour. 

So it looks rather as if Middlesex 
will need to be at their best and 
have their wits about them cm 
Wednesday next when they take on 
the Australians at Sudbury. This 
will be the touring team's -final 
appearance here before they take off 
for Ireland and Wales. It was a 
happy coincidence that Queensland 
should have been enjoying some of 
their best playing days in the yean 
leading up to the celebration oflheir 
century in 19S2. There had been 
some on islanding successes. Chief 
among them was Queensland's 
defeat of the British Lions 15-11 in 
1971; of thc AU Blacks by 9-3 in 
1980: and Scotland’s defeat, by 9-7 
in 1982. 

Yesterday Queensland's captain, 
Gould, one of II among II 
internationals, who appeared in the 
Wallabies grand slam tour here in 
1984 was Queensland’s outstanding 
player and he marked the occasion 
by scoring 16 points with. .four 
beautifully-struck penalties and 
conversions of tries by Moon and 
.Hcinkr. * 

SCORBI& Kane Oramd goat: Crior. 
taaKr gootc R«U 0 Qua omlirt- TWaae 
IMIar. Moon. HoWm. Cwnraraton* GouW (2J. 

KBIT: li Watttr (BtocMwafli); 4 FWrf 
(AskoansU L Kofcal (BlacMwatM. R Bodanhwa 
(StocftfieaffiJ cape O Ckoto (BtocMmli); N 
Cotjw (Btockfwwtfi), CB«»o (Plyroooft AJbtonfc 
P Emnbtoti (BtarttoBtij, B How* 

cttwMM. hr 

QUEENSLAND: R GoukJ toapQ; R Kanin, A 
Slack. P MBs. 8 Moon; T Lana. B Sirift: M 
drank. M McBaJn. S PMpattt. D Frswtoy, T 
Cakw. J KBttr. J GaTOrer. J Hotok®. 

NiilfK L M PrtdMUK 

Gloucester impress 

By Bryan Stiles 

Bath are becoming victims of 
their awn success, and their match 
at OrreU on January 25 in the John 
P!a>cr Cap no» looks more difficult 
than it first appeared. Having won 
thc Cup in 1 984 and retained it last 
year. Bath were bristling with 
confidence at the start of this 
season. Within three weeks they had 
a side that could trounce Leicester 
t> 40. -5 at Weffbid Road, the first 
ir. a series of six first class games 
without defeat. 

Str.ce then, however, the steam 
has gone oat of Bath, the final 
indignity being a 30-12 defeat at 
Cardiff - a side they beat m October 
- on Ne» Year's Day. 

Though they won against Water- 
loo a: Thc Recreation ground on 
Saturday. Bath were uneasy and 
disjointed, slithering around in the 
rand and not the technically superb 
and inventive team that graced 
almost every pitch they played on in 
the autumn. 

Waterloo played the kind of 
Laocasfrizn rugby that almost 
disappeared 20 years ago: grinding 
up and down the touch tine, retying 
eti a wraith of lineout ball and using 
their heavy pack to beat their 
eppesrot down. 

It almost worked Only two 
scramble tries ra the Iasi eight 
minutes, one of them converted put 
Bath ahead. On another day. against 
foster backs and with Bath 200 mite s 
from home, the balance could tip in 
Orreu's favour. 

The etggcsl problem that Waterloo 
faced on Saturday was staying 
witftrn the laws. Chris Rccs.*tbe 
referee, awarded 3? penalties, only 
■4 of then against Bath and most of 
the differential. 

Waterloo did enough, however, lo 
dcsrvs a win. SyddalL Gallagher, 
ar.d Conner, denied Bath but a 
scattering of li Beaux possessions - 
thr- took 20 out of 2S - to Redman 
and Memsoc. Carfbot and Aiuhe- 
so3 made Hill 2 nd Barnes look like 
raw beginners. 

Thc absence of Egertoo. SpurrdL 
Tr.ric. Sole and Halliday must lave 
bothe re d Balh on Saturday, but 
more tcgmficani is that the fim 
choice ids have not played together 
since November, and ft shows. 
Now. because of Engkuts duty, theft 1 
next foil game is at OrrelL which is 
why Bath supporters are so worried 
SCORERS: Ms Tmk Srsaon. Cuaeart 
Ptorar. Rhmm tiatoB P*w*r Si 

fc Caraloot. Phi ' 

London Scottish 3 

Gloucester .....37 

— . . ..... . . a. 

Gloucester know how to impress 
people. They waited until midway 
through the first half on Saturday to 
produce their best rugby, just when 
the spectator refugees from the 
frozen-off match at the Stoop 
Memorial Ground had settled huo 
their seats at Richmond. 

The England coach. Martin 
Green, arrived too. and be must 
have been impressed with xhe way 
the Gloucester pack put their 
London Scottish counterparts to the 
sword. With a near-full bouse to 
entertain, they swept to the top of 
the John Smith's merit table A with 
an impressive display of power 
rugby, despite the slippery pitch. 

Before thc influx of extra 
spectators Gloucester had been 
trailing 9-4. Then they found their 
rhythm and finished in command- 
ing style, winning by three goals, 
four tries and one penalty goal to a 
try and three penalties. 

The fere provided by the West 
Countrymen went some way 
towards easing the frustration of lhe 
additional spectators, who had to 
wait until 10 minutes be f ore the 
scheduled start of thc Haxiequins- 
w asps match at tbe Stoop to be 
informed that the visiting team did 
not warn to risk injuring their 
England players oa the pitch, even 
though the referee had passed it fit 
and Harlequins were eager to play. 
Harlequins returned £5.000 in gale 
money to spectators. 

Orwin. the Gloucester captain, 
was also keen to come to grips with 
a few opponents to demonstrate that 
perhaps England were unwise to 
have omitted him from the team for 
the opening match of the five- 
nations championship. He allowed 
his charges no fripperies, demand-, 
ing from them a display of tbe basic 
stalls. It was a strategy that 
overwhelmed tbe exiles in tbe 
second halt 

Gloucester were in tbe lead after 
25 minutes with tries by thc bade 
row forwards Benncu and Longstaff 
m reply to three penalties from 
Irvine. The Scottish centre. Gordon, 
pounced on a defensive blander to 
scamper over for a try to give his 
team a fortunate 13-10 lead at the 
interval but they then sank in a tidal 

Bennett collected another try, and 
then the Gloucester backs were 
given their bead. Hannafoid nipped 
across the line after the exiles’ pack 
was pushed backwards on the run at 
a scrum. Smith, the Gloucester full 
back, moved into the line to lay on 
two tries for Breeze: before M 
finished off the humiliation wi 
try in tbe corner. 

SCORERS: la*ton SerfSafc Try: Donkin. 
PmUttMUPI atawcwttr Thex Banmtl 
GJ. LongvttR. I tonm fet d. Braam (3. Morgan. 
Corraraadona: Snwh pg PanaOy: 8n*ttL 
LONDON SCOTTKOfc L Baaan; S Waters. Q 
Cordon. S train*. B Ktt N CtMnorfi, A 
Ciraten N Watr. I Ke*. M King, I Morrtaon, A 
G- 1 W. SHarn . s AuaUo. J MaSln. 
GLOUCESTER T Smst; 0 Morgan, R McLain, 
P Taylor, J Qui a L a . U Hawite. M Han na fo rt; M 
Praody. K State. A Ptaote, J Qadd. J Orwin. J 
Bran. M Longman, J Burn t 
:U Catty [LondenL 




irate* XV 21 pnwtacM 

|*i lure— hong 


MERIT TABLE: &BBatftsra,‘Croydai 18, Susan 

MBtrr TABLE: RwSag 30. UtMnftwd *■ 
Sterol T. HjgR WycorntaiSS. 


A*n*Ay gtefc 

■Arit C p MVWU * Stott, j A Pa l mar, 
iay * i'i i Zmxr. B Trmuur. S J Bamaa, 
R J Kf- 5 J OttOS. J Oaana, M R La*. K 

mn - Ifcrraen. *t C ftetowi. j f» Hafl. P 0 
Sr rs a r 

WArtSHOOE i TkWk M Cater. P Jar***. Jt 
vg jte wt j . N Utete i Atttoaaen. o v Cwteot 
C n T rutty, S Pattra. N *am. J SyriteS 

N Pdonaon. S S**gh*r. L Ctttnor. 
R t tar Mi C Raw. (Loraton toteyt 


P w 

S 4 














ft 3 



4 3 





. 75 


3 Z 







3 2 







T 4 







6 3 







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London Sc 

* 1 







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ft i 







5 0 






Merit TabfoB 

P W 







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* 3 







3 2 







3 2 








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5 3 












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9 4 







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Marti' ton 

ft 10 








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EHtOrfmtMd » 


CHAMrtONSWP: Comstar 19. Harlow 15. 
OaBoort* Farahant 0. 

Hate Ooteoa 7. OU tanatka a 
CW 1ft, Thanal Wanteran 3k Dmr S, 
FcBrnKM* 7: GrMi ft AlWord (KMQ ft 
QBnteara tentem 1 ft CMarBura 10; OH 
Conans 18, Bsckantum. ft Oto waiuno- 
mma lft Stetokotete M. 

Canturs O, Oatotey 11: (teuton 9. Hamm 
1ft MB HP ft Rncftty 3. 

asse t mm table: 

2S.EflStel0Gft0toEtetedtea. RomlonlTa. 

ft Origan* FP 3*. a netotea OB ft QU 
Ws ai a ilwte BgftOMwa eou rflto ns iL ■ 
SAM MLUH CUPr Rote Batewy 1ft Btantor 

MJB TOI 8PS 0H LEAfflUE: BaaBan ft Cya 
ii. towonto w gi Ctoh KohaiE Bangor ft 
toarrm ft Mttote 


0, Aoatratet 

Lr riimw ■ 

Boon for Australia 
in record stand 

Sydney (Reuter) - A record Gavns^ m ite slips, ffe had batted 

SattiWS “'Tfi'SSar wrate-rt 

penultimate day of the third and mere for throe diqrs * MaMdb^Hn&l 
£^rr>«h««\iesterdav didh-t want to take any risks 

a bomlS?.?&a&wOT347for ;Ground has been good to me on 

four, only S4nms from the ,«1 they occasions. 

needed to avoid the, foflow-on- oner “I didn’t think a month ago that I 
India had dedared their first innings would be one of the pair who brtike 
at 600 for four. - .■ . a record set by Simpson and 

Anstral&s- recovery was based on jjnvty”, the one-time Western 
resolute - batting from- Boon,- ■who Australia groundsman added. - 

scored i3L and Marsh wiih 91, in a „ Ritchie snent 
stand of . 217. -The’ Australian Greg Kitcme spent 

wucu ut aunw A u^nKa I OA 

innings, vrifterday made 64 not out - Australia sffl 1Z4 
in 221 minutes with only two fours: avoiding dw follow-on. 

He seemed to be playing for a draw. Wayne Phillips, dropped from hi? 

the third of thc senes,- to end position as opener after as 
Australia’s recent ran of fitihnes in-- ran, came in ahead 

series against West Indies, England ^ Greg Matthews, but looked 
and New Zealand. • ' unhappy during his 53 mmoles stav 

Tbe opening pair, resuming^’ was eventually caught off 

“D ■■ « : jmu woo v« 

169 in the -^Sbastri for 14. 

■OU: Rrat Innings 800 tor 4 tec 
172. M B AmsmaOi li 

the previous . — -- ---- 

for Anstralia against India of 191 sex 
by two former captains. Bill Lowry 
and Bobby Simpson, in the 1967— 

68 series. 

Ai 200, the stand became the 
highest for Australia in the previous 
172 Tests - a remarkable achieve- 
ment for a pair who are not regular 
openers. _ 

Boon was first to go when he 
played bn to the Indian captain, 

Kapil Dev, after 345 minutes at the 

crease. Border and Marsh took the lFAU _ ^ wicketS: i-ai7. z-asa, 3-277, 
score to 258 before Marsh, a 20- 4 - 302 . 

. AUSTRALIA; Flrat Innings 

O-C Boon b KapH O W-r— 

QRMarstic Gavaskar bShraaM — 

■AR Barter not out 

G M Rftcrte C KapB bYatev 



S R witalh! R J Brttfft B R RakL D R Gftert. 
H G HOBand to bat 


. 82 




year-old farmer, mis-rcad tbe 
spinner Ravi Shastri, who got a bap 
to bite which Marsh edited to Sunil 

Hughes not 
by victory , 

From Ivo Tennant 
Cape Town 

With 20 overs remaining on 
Saturday in thc second international 
match ai Newlands. the rebel 
Australians required 131 runs to 
beat South Africa. At die wicket and 
in form were Hughes and Yaflop. 
-The pitch was playing well, the light 
was perfect. And they did not even 
attempt to go for their target. 

Not only was h a sad end to an 
otherwise interesting match, but we 
were also given an indication of bow 
the- Australians view this series. 
Hughes, having ensured the match . 
would be drawn, turned tail and 
headed for the pavilion with five of 
the 20 overs left. 

He would, of course, have had tbe 
compliance of Rice, who knew by 
then that South .Africa would not 
win. The anomaly was that Hughes - 
had 97 runs to his name. There has' 
been talk here of whether these are 
Test matrixes propoer. Hughes, by 
his action, gave, his verdict. He 
would, never have rejected a Test 
century. I 

The crowd on die final day, 
around 6,000, was. half- that on, New 
Year's Day. However, it would have 
unproved, bad Sooth Africa been 
heading for .victory. They like 
winners here. Other titan some slow 
hand-dapping, the only dissentidn 
was in the words daubed near the 
ground: “Aussses play -for blood 

SOUTH AFRICA: H»t tontona M8. 


SJCookcRbanbRncfcamann 70 

KRFatatoahmibRacLBiiMnn— — 31 
PNMrattnc H a ywire cRactanmann — 20 

RGPaflochc Dyson OMcCuOy 3 

’CEBRtoanatout 27 

G S la Roux c Huyamre b Ra cA rewno — IS 
notout — 




Extras 0-b 1ft n-b3} ■ ■ . . . 

Total (5 wkts dacj 202 

A J Route. 1R V Jrentotp, 8 J JaRtutos red H 
A Riga <M rat bn. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-88. 2-121. 8-128. 

BOWUNG: Hogg U-2-43-0; Rachrewm 25-1- 
106-4; McCurdy 12-1-88-1. 



M D Hsysmre wm* FDca 

“K J Hughs* n« out 


GNYafop notout 

Em* —• 

- 33 

- 8 
_ 33 
- 97 
_■ 17 


- 12 


tS J Rnoon. T G Horan. R J MnCttdy and C G 
Radomren M rat bat 
FALL. OF WICKETS 1-31, 2-54, 3-106, 4-1 B5. 
BOWLING: La Rone 13343-1; Jalhtes 13-4- 
32-ft Koute 23-7-54-1 ;Kiratre 17-4-344L 

Total (4 wfcls). 

BOWUNG Kapl Dav 2S54S-1;SHdari43-l7^ 
68-2: Yadov 49-18-83-1: SNwamakrtatBnn 
22-2-7H-0; Shanna 132-350 

is imminent 

By Richard Street on 

A derision by the Zimbabwe 
Gorenunent oa whether the 
En gland B team can tour there next 
month is expected to be made within 
the next 48 . hours. , An anxious 
weekend for English cricket officials 
was hardly cheered by a report front 
Harare, the Zimbabwe capital, on 
Saturday night that Mark Nicholas, 
the B team captain, had bees 
restored to the list of English' 
players ' banned, .by tbe Zimbabwe 
Sports CoandL ■ , 

Alwyn Pfchanick, the President of 
the Zimbabwe Cricket Union, 
.claimed yesterday that there was 
still “some hope” for the - tour, 
despite hd Thursday's cancellation 
of the first leg in Bangladesh, and 
that “delicate 4 ’ . negotiations were 
. stiD in progress. Clearly, tin 

omens look bleak ftw the B team's 
chances of proceeding to Zimbabwe 
after their matches hi Sri Lanka. 

Nicholas was understandably 
bemused by die return of his name to 
those who are onacceptable because 
of past contacts with South Africa. 
Nicholas led an English County XI 
•to -Zimbabwe' last February and 
March after malting a written 
assurance that 'he .was against 

One compensation for' the Test 
and County Cricket Board is (be 
coa tinned absence of any Govern- 
' meat reaction in West Indies, which 
might pot the full England team's 
tour there in jeopardy. Most 
political observers in the Caribbean 
believe that baring decided to admit 
the England twnn i the Governments 1 
are aware that to change their minds 
now could be co miter-productive. It 
would spilt- the cricket, world 
between Mack and white nations, 
and indirectly play into South 
Africa's hands. 

Certainly the England players 
will face demons tra tions in West 
Indies, particularly in Trinidad. 
Clive Pantin, the spokesman for 
Trinidad's anti-apartheid move- 
ment, said yesterday that they were 
meeting this week to plan a 
campaig fl. David Abdullah, of dm 
local Oilfield Workers Union, 
confirmed they would be arranging 
demon stra ti ons and boycotts of the 
matches. Port of Spain airport 
workers are expected to refase to 
handle the England team's baggage. 
Smaller protests are also expected to 
be arranged in St Vincent ami 
where political feriiags are 


No joy for Kingston 

By Nicholas- Hariing 

Maccabi Tel Aviv ....134 

Poly cell Kingston —1 1 5 

Only the final sooreffne foiled to 
reflect the resolution . of . Team 
PolyceQ Kingston in defeat against 
Maccatn Tel Aviv tor Saturday. For 
32 minutes of a memorable final of 
the World Inviiaiion Chib Cham- 
pionship at Crystal; Palace, Kin- 
gston had competed on level lenns 
with arguably the best dub side in 

The effort of attending Maccabi 
so for look such a heavy toll that the 
effects may be felt way beyond tbe 
last eight- rnmatea of a stirring 
climax to a fine tournament. 
Kingston must now recover their 
stamina in time for tins week’s two 
league matches and the Prudential 
National Cap final against Sper- 
lings Solear Stars next Monday. 

“The more fired yon get, the more 
difficult it ' becomes.” Malcolm 
Chamberlain. Kingston's coach said — 
after his players had given tbrir alL 
“Some of my players are absolutely JJS 

Overwhelmed by the Israeli dub 
in the European Cup three months 
ago. Kingston had restored their 
pride by tafftime when they were 
level at 63-63. The high score said 
more for the accurate shooting of 
bodt rides than any defensive 
defioennes. If shots were missed, 
the subsequent titanic m^ lr fair 
rebounds featuring McGee and 
Johnson on one side, Davis and 

Clark on ' the other, provided ■ a 
stirring spectacle. 

By his display at centre, Clark not 
only emphasized what Kin gston 
had missed through his ineligibility 
from the European Cup ties, but 
fully vindicated his selection, made 
beforehand, for the All Star team, 
the first English player to be thus 
honoured. Also selected was bis 
team colleague Bontrager. 

Berkowitz. an automatic selection 
for Maccabi in the All Star team hi 
past years might have been in ag ain 
had the choice not been made.before 
the final, which had bern in p r o gr e s s 
precisely two seconds when he sank 
the first of his 33 points. Unusually 
for him, however, Berko wi iz missed 
two free shots with eight minutes 
left, to give Kingston a' surprising 
thance of staying in contention. 
They foiled, visibly wilting, losing 
both their ryihxn and rong w i imiin a. 1 

<Ma*ttMd3Ba 36. SsrkONttz 33. *mdiy ■ 
ZUohram a. AreasS ft Ltapto 5. 


^eusxjsjf - a 

"wnpraswr Bants 42. HMi am afattptora* 

MnwaebraojBr) W0, MJJt EdtoduratTm 

w qwrawi. K Mcuea (MW 

« Oh* Otttostan), L Johnson Otecsatfl. 

® Payers and profcsskmal. 
aaff of London Docklands Crystal 
Palace, tbe tournament's host club, 
whose financia l crisis was revealed 
during the tournament, have agreed, 
to rake a substantial drop in salary 
until the end of the season.' ’ 


Snow retains title after struggle 

S mSerS in ^s2 e j£ i ^J ut f essft!l forcin 8 fi* ; 

champuoship for the Erie Arm* S™!?* w * u ° 1 one stage won iuffl- 
Cup m Qoe«’s dub ytS^SS ^PMts out of fore soccofive 

footwork, irai periods' irf «Bor'^2fftS£2! , IlSiKff5® no *> n iii 

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impressive as he Haydock next for Spearing’s star 

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• ‘I 

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i.. ’ 

sirenginens image 
with win over Wilander 

From Richard Evaas 
West Berlin 

Boris Becker retained his 
Belgian American Yoong Mas- 
ters dtle the hard -way at the 
International Congress Building 
here yesterday. The score of 6-1, 
7-6, 6-0 over Mats Wilander, 
the world’s third ranked player, 
suggests a victory of some ease 
for the l&-year-oId Wimbledon 
champion but in fact the 
mann er oflus triumph in front 
of 5,000 adoring fens left his 
manager, Ion Time, shaking his 
head in wonderment. 

“Maybe he has a masochistic 
streak,” said Tiriac in between 
sharp exchanges in Romanian 
with Becker’s coach, Gunther 
Bosch. “He is trying to prove he 
can beat Wilander from . the 
back court So far he has not 
come in behind a single second 
serve". . .. . 

The plain feet of the matter 
was that he did not need to. 
With the touch of arrogance 
that will always mark him as a 
performer of true star quality, 
Becker derided to use the. 
occasion to overpower 
Wilander from the base line 
which, of course, is the Swede’s 
natural domain. 

As a result .we had a match 
that saw Wilander win almost 
as many points from the net as 
Becker, while die young mas ter 
entertained the crowd, many of 

Becker: performer of 
. . three star quality 

whom seemed new to the 
subtleties of the g ame, with the 
lairing power of his drives off 
the ground, interspersed with 11 

It was the second time in 
three weeks that Becker bad 
beaten Wilander indoors. 

So die message Becker sent 
the tennis world in the first 
week of me new year from this 

divided, stow bound city is 
clear. He can win bow be 
pleases; he can win when he - is 
tired and pressured and he can 
win in -a manner that merely 
strengthens die image he has 
created for himself in 12 
memorable months 
- Under . the shrewd guidance 
of Tiriac and Bosch, Becker 
uses his own natural intelligence 
to - temper the problems his 
feme brings. There are special 
^problems in Berlin because of 
the political nature of the city 
and the fact that Becker has 
joined the .. famous Roiweiss 
club for whom he will play 
occasional matches this year. 

.The teenagers stand For hours ; 
in the snow outside his hotel ; 
and in press conferences bel- 
ligerent German reporters say 
in terms of a command rather i 
.then a question: ’’You must go 
to East Berlin”. 

Becker, who has received 
many feu letters from the other 
side of fee wall, says he will go ' 
one .day but not just now. Just 
now he is busy living up to the 
legend he has become. It is 
demanding and a Hole exhaust- 
ing. but he is making a 
remarkably impressive job of it. 
RESULTS; Bite Group: J Hassle (Swftz) 
bt H Sundstrom (Swe) 8-2. ie. 6-4. 
Ssna-fln&te M Wander (Sws) bt Hlasek 
6-3/ 7-6: B Backer fWG) bt t Sanchez 
(Sp) 6-4. 6-4. Fhsfc Bk* er « WRondsr 
6-1. 7-6, W. 

Students frustrate top seeds 

By RexUeDamy, Teams Correspondent ... 

Sae McCarthy, of Bristol, and lends weight to the opi nion Of John - •‘school*’ white studying at Hfgh 
Danny Sapsford (Wey bridge) mu CHfton, who manges the Mtlwwl Wycombe. 

the singles tides in die British tmhdng centre -at Basham Abbey, His service is not op to much, not 
Jimior Endear cha mp i onships, spon- that regional coaches should be vet anyway, hid the rest of his game 
sored by the Prudential Assurance watchful. fir players who. have at Is smart and flexible and be reads 
Company, at Queen’s Ctnh, Xbndon, 

His service is not op to much, not 
et a ny w a y , bnt the rest of his game 
t smart mad flexible and he reads 

; oa Saturday. Both won five matches before showing l 

i promise. Sapsford's 

without conced in g a set and Miss Sosan Mapptn, the national team pouches Cased Brice, who has all the 
McCarthy tost only 15 games. manager, regards it as . “very fashions Me granting noises bat will 

The tournament was open to healthy” that about six girts had not play the big game effectively 

players who were less than 18 years reasonable dances to win. The until his approach dots and volleys 

of age on December 31, and it does Swedish men have certainly demon- carry.more weight. 

not say much for the older abated that dose competition Mbs McCarthy looked a better 
competitors that the ch a mpi ons are- between contemporaries can benefit athlete and a much sounder match- 
both aged 16 sad are still at schooL all of them. But modi depends oa pUyer Hm.. Miss Wood, who strikes 
la the finals they neatly frustrated the quality «f that competition, ihe ball weU hot has been wildly 
the left-handed top seeds who were Which depends in tom . on the unpredictable for a fittte too tong. 

the left-handed top seeds who were which depends in tom . on the 
more overtly aggressive hot com- number of gifted youngsters playing 
parativdy untidy. Miss McCarthy the game. 

filch depends m turn . on the unpredictable for & Cute too long, 
amber of gifted youngsters playing Mbs Wood should accept the tact 
re game. that the lines on the court are not 

It is often asserted that no British - merely decorative. For of the 

woo 6-3, 6-2 against last year’s It fa often asserted that no British merely deewative. For modi of the 
champion, Jane r Wood (Enfield), junior has much prospect of final she was jost hitting halls rather 
and Sapsford had chances to beat international distinction unless he or than playing tpmntg 
Austen Brice (Stockport) even mere she. can first dominate domestic Mfas Mc Cart hy won far more 
easily than the 7-5, 6-3 result rivals. SapsfortPs record raises faint points than she earned bet. like 
suggests. hopes that hemay he aMe to do that. Sap <r<nT<i . was cutely and tidily 

Sapsford conafatontiy-totcelled m -Moreover, he has three coaches and flexible in eeconraing indis c ret io n 
tournaments for younger age groups, Is based at the Lawn Tennis m ftfa from it- Since 

bid Mbs McCarthy’s breakthrough Association's Bisham Abbey September her ga»~» has benefited 

from a move to a Hertfordshire 

Coaches dismissed HSSsasSs 

Two former ' Wigh tman Cup being sacked. It would not be so bad Alan Jones, who also works with 
players, Wfarnie Wooldridge and the -if >1 was for incompetence, but the Mbs- Wood and another fanner 
American P am Hogan, are to be "youDgstelsarttJbing welL** 'champion. Jo Done. '■ 

dismissedfiem the LTA’s national S£52 s 

training staff! with Keith Reynolds, the national fcfccarfliy (Am) fat j wood (Mttsuett sa 

They wfi] lose their part-time jobs coaching and developments officer u. m 1 doubles: Septtcrt and s BooSi 
next September after four years with for the north Midlands, but he has (w wwictore^ot y toaonyd a Hum 
Britain's promising under- 1 4 play- not ye* derided whether to accept v Udw pcVon" w j wood 

ers. Miss Hogan said: “Fm sick at the’ job. (Mktdtaeex) and cwood (Sussex) 4-s, m.6-4. 

American Pam Hogan, are to be 
dismissed from the LTA’s national 
training staft 


Courage in 
the teeth 
of a gale 


The victories of Roger Hackney 
and Susan Tabby, both of Wales, in 
the Milk international crosscountry , 
races in MaOusk, near Belfast, on, 
Saturday were as modi testimony fo 
their courage as to their fitness 
because both struck out in mid-race 
into the gzle-finoe wind and tain to 
beat more fancied performers. 

Dave Lewis, one of the favour- 
ites, lasted bailey a lap and a half of 
the five-mile men’s race. He tried to 
protect a left calf strain, incurred 
while winning the Matfrid New 
Year’s Eve road race, by wearing 
track bottoms against the wind. — 

But the mud and the pace of the 
leading group, already headed fry 
Hackney, proved too much ana 
Lewis wisely d ropp ed out, knowing 
that his winning performances in 
the two pre-C£ri5tmBs domestic; 
races have probably earned him a 
place in England’s world champion- 
ships team for March 23 in 

If the coarse in NeochStd is 
anything like Saturday’s bog, 
Hackney wEB surely improve on his 
best world championships perform- 
ance of sixty-second in 1980. After 
missing' most of last summer with a 
back injury the Olympic steeple- 
chase finalist is clearly m his best-, 
ever moss-country form. There is 
only the little matter of arranging 

his night duties as casualty officer at 
RAF Aldershot - he had to fly back 
inm mediately after the race to 

report for work - for him to prepare 

properly fair the world champton- 

Sadmey won by 200 metres from 
the other favourite, Vincent Rous- 
seau, of Belgium, with Nat Muir, of 
Scotland, third 

Miss Tooby abo Tan her bestpev« 

, cross-country face, bean io$ Yvonne 
Murray, of Scotland. Roaan Smyth, 

rock, the Belgian who had been a 
runaway winner in Gateshead 
before Christmas, but who lacked 
Miss Tooby’s courage . for such 
conditions on Saturday. _ 

The Belfast organization was 
superior to the shambles of the iaC 
race before Christmas but. it fa 
doubtfttl jf their hopes of staging the 
1 989 world championships m 
.MaDnsk will be realized. There are 
strong bids from Stavanger m 
'Norway, which has never staged the 
championships, and from Brussels, 
where the Belgians have a modi 
more formidable cross-cwmtry 
tradition to call upon, sndthey have 
not had the championships rof over 

. mam. 2*c*i izsar 2, V_ BMStojLg gE: 

• Delhi (Reuter) - The first athletics 
games for non-aligned countries 
have been cancelled two weds 
before their scheduled Start -here 
because only 14 of the movement s 
101 members had agreed toj 
: partiripaw. ii 

time. She finished the course at results' DMeton a feiapead a 

easily best an fee tun Wilts m 4 . fene tfOrjE T*barty 

division A that had finished ahead orwm (S Nora*. gbj. ds<ract«tf 
of her. She has a two day advantage i uss Mh*M 62 

over the leader UBSSwitzeriand ? 

(Pierre Fehlmamt) on handicap for *433.1252; s. Dram 86,00.1357. 
both the secoDd leg and on total 

L’Esjmt D^quipe (Lionel Ftan. 445 boats are 

France),: handicap-leader of the fbst ' • - 

leg of the race from Portsmouth to WTI TO 

Cape Town, was suD at sea last • w 

night and time is beginning to run RlAnrt V IvlarV 

out for her iT she is to maintain the UlUUUj iTldl j 

aggregate lead for two kgs. A reco^ 445 dinghies took part, 

All of the new maxi .yachts have m ^ 13* Bloody Mary dinghy 
now finished-. ... race on Saturday at Queen Mary’s 

. Cote D’or (EncTabariy, Belgium) d.Ting dub near Ashford, Middle- 
the longest ofthe mans a 83 feet, ^ (Adrian Morgan writes). This is 
finally limped mto Auckland on believes to be the largest dinghy 
Saturday evening. She . con t inues to eveDl ^ $j C yarebting calendar. The 
experience the teething troubles of a r - VT annually at the Gub, 
new yxfat, the wor« of which on attracted entries from 169 dubs, all 
-this included cracfciDg frames ixt- qvct Brit&in* including Phil Crcb- 
her bow, delamniaxion of lbe hull, a bin. the technical d ir ect o r of the 
dam aged masthead and faulty British America Cnp challenge, and 
steering. Nothing much, really. Ian South worth. 

■ There are the usual rumours of a total of 43 dasses of dinghy 
protests between y achts, but .th e parkwi the reservoir’s 700 acres for 
only one to have been property me two and a half hour pursuit race 
lodged so far is by UBS Switzerland results; 1 . t Goung and 1 msswm 
against Lion New Zealand_(Peter gpfangW sc sna rpoaeKa J Hw* mC \*n 
snaked indent 

start in Cape Town. The appeal omkioet. n» pr& tor tho tkx &}y 
lodged by - the race committee ha H y ram wr tto^J a ngwton aid S Harttay, 
against tl« findings of the Cape o*L*w*uSC,sa«nsa™i%’- 

By Michael Seely 

Another step towards pinpointing 
.live candidates for (he Cheltenham 
GoJd Cnp and Grand National was 
taken on Saturday when Peter 
Scudamore and Run and Skip 
bunled their exhilarating way over 
the spectacular fences to a thrilling 
victory, against Coortradeal and 
Buckbe in the Anthony Mildmay. 
P«er Cazalet Memorial Chase, 

"He’s a bonny little horse and 
rave me a great ride.” said the 
jockey yesterday. “They all said that 
his jumping wasn’t perfect, but I 
never noticed 1 l And if you look at 
the beating he gave to fast year’s 
Gold Cup runner-up. Right Man, in 
the Welsh National and the way he 
won yesterday, he's got 10 have an 
outside chance at Cheltenham." ' 

. Make no mistake, this will turn 
out to be a key race as far as the 
future is concerned. Con trad cal was 
strongly fancied by the veteran 
maestro. FuJke Walwyn, and the 
former staying hurdler Buck be was 
considered by David Elswonh to be 
in far better shape than when 
narrowly beating Western Sunset at 
I lingfield. 

* At the Pond fence, the third from 
'home. Contradeal, Rhyme ‘N" 

! Reason, and Ardent Spy. were 
j pressing Run and Skip as Bright 
Dream siartcd to lose his place, but 
the winner's experience was the 
derisive factor os Scudamore kept 
the eight-year-old perfectly balanced 
over the final jump and up the hDL 
Contradeal stayed qq strongly to be 
beaten only half a length with 
Buckbe two lengths away in third 


Two season ago Burrough Hill 
Lad took in the Welsh National and 
Saturday** race en route to his 
triumph in the Gold Cup. Bui John 
Spearing, as cool and calm as ever in 
the unsaddling enclosure, intends to 
keep his options open about the 
bold from runner, he has handled 
with such conspicuous skill 

Td like to go for the Greenall 
White ly at Haydock first,” he said. 
“And then it wQl be cither the Gold 
Cup or the Ritz Gub National Hunt 
Handicap at Cheltenham. Then 
after that there’s the NationaL 1 
know he'll get a big weight now but 
there’s a lot of prize money at slake. 

The dimuniuve Alcester trainer 
has always possessed remarkable 
aptitude for keeping horses fresh 

r.-'SX**'.. r. 


Run and Skip leaping clear at tbe 1 2th fence on his way to a hard-fought victor} over 

Contradeal in the big chase at Sandown Park 

and well. In 1981 he placed On Edce 
to win eight of his 14 races on die 
Flat. And during the past four 
seasons, he has collected ten sprints 
with the consistent but maddening 
handi capper. Cree* Bay. “Run and 
Skip galloped three furlongs on 
Friday,” be w-ent on. “That’s all he 
ever does between his races.” 

Run and Skip had been ridden in 
his las: three victories by Scuda- 
more. But with the man in form 
sure to be required for either 
Burrough Hill Lad or Very 
Promising in the Gold Cup, Run 
and Skip will soon be reunited with 
his regular jockey. Sam Morsbead, 
who is making a good recovery from 
the injuries sustained when con- 
cussed in a &0 from Master Plan at 
Warwick on November 26. 

If ever a horse had future Gokl 

Cup potential stamped all over his 
] 7 hands frame, it is Midnight 
Count, who on his second race- 
course appearance proved far too 
strong and resolute for Yabtis and 
Tickite Boo in the Roux Res- 
taurants Toiworth Hurdle. 

“He's so well balanced for such a 
big horse”, said a triumphant Josh 
Gifford afterwards. Mr Joel says I 
can miss Cheltenham with him if! 
want to. But I’m going to enter him 
for the Waierfoiid Crystal Stayers 
Hurdle as well as tbe Sun .Alliance. 
There's always a big field for the 
novices’ race and I wouldn’t want to 
have him knocked about at this 
vital stage of his career. But first 
he'll go to Chepstow for the Persian 
War Novices’ Hurdle.” 

The other highlights df the 

afternoon were the Catchpool's 
victory over Dunkirk in the Le 
Gavrochc Novices’ Chase for Nick 
Gaselee and the convincing win of 
John Jenkins' Triumph Hurdle 
candidate, El Galileo, in the Andre 
Lasserre Novices* Hurdle. 

Finally, the aftenfoon ended on a 
note of comedy when the normally 
pessimistic Tim Forster was carried 
away by the win of St Andrew's Bay 
over Singlecote fn the 47 Park Street 
Handicap Hurdle. “Where have all 
the press gone 10 ?” said the man, 
who has already won three Grand 
Nationals with Well Too Do. Ben 
Nevis and Last Suspect. “] bought 
St Andrew's Buy for only 44Cigns as 
a two-year-old at Ascot. I've been 
very patient with him. and this is 
the greatest triumph of my training 

least 16 birthdays behind - them the rallies with precocious Onency. 

Going: heavy 

7.30 RABBIT NOVICE HURDLE (Dfel: £1 .455: 2m 4f) (20 runners} 

. 2 SOI OCRS (Urs y ShMer) P Sevan 5-11-9 

pCO-414 PRECtPICE MOSS 0) (Mrs JL sixSbss) M rs VUctOs 6-1 1-4 AVMbb 

60-0*13 WILD Guest [BAkannsnlWRatwr 5-1 1-4 EMunrty4 

pooa-a BAlfitAT (Mrs CCsstaUne^S CoM 5-ti^ H tows 

2 BATTL£JO)mptePBedair«on}FVyresr5-11-3 — JDugpjn 

00 HGSUN (J Kcmj □ Wchotson S-i 1-6 PSeudimor* 

S-42 DEE* CREST (K ASSad) J EewsrOt S-11-3 - 

04 HOW NOW IE HoetegjtesJ Pitman S-11-G Guam 

_G McSour 

15 04 HOW NOW (E HoKSng) Mra J Pitman 5-11 «3 CUanti 

16 033 USMAN RAKGE (Mrs L Small) Mrs M RimeB 6-1 1-3 GF.tcCourt 

17 0 LACKEV HOET (Mrs M Kolsay Fiy) T Foster 6-11 -3 R Djnwocrfy 

22 O GUST STAR O’ DivaiPDni 5-1 t-a J>NishoK s 

V 0 CLEAR THE COURSE (S SaasOwyJT Forwar 6-KM2 MrLHervey7 

2B CO EMMANTZER IQ Adshaad] C Trtettiw 7-10-12 A Sharps 

S3 0 OAMBLTtSWAY (M Saarte) S May S-10-12 S Way 

32 0 MARCH EEMORtES iMrs BWartna) Mrs 3 WVkig 6-10-12 6acra Krvgm 

33 0/0002 PAWENHE LARK (J BoumM U Scudamore 6-10*12 hTWSSwns 

X 0 WHITE PENNVJKEsa M Linflard) Miss A Urtgafd 6-10-12 Mim V WSaams 7 

37 4200 KUWAIT WEATtet (B1 (OLarita) Mrs N Smith WN C Brown 

33 8f>OlTnNa MARKER £raydsl» LKU M Rps 4-1M PLMCft 

39 0 M02ACOCCWA(Q Downs} WOTumer 4-lM A Jones 

1B8& Meeting Abandoned - Frost. 

100-30 Deer Crest. 4 Bade King. 6 WUO Queen. 7 B^eun. 8 bvfian Range. 6 Lackey Hoey. to 
Gere, 12 Hew Kow. IB Sporing Manner. Panstome Lark, 20 others. 

FORM: GETS (10-10) wen O from Prince Toblcua (10-10) 21 ran. Wsrwicfc 2m no* hese good Noy 
£B.PHECWCEIiQrajP0.7)4thae a i s n4»*ltoBrcnMj(ll-5)14 ran. Noithighem 2m Orov hdte 

K l Doc 7. W8J3 QUSt 0jM2) 3rd beaten # to RJws Rose [10-10) 22 ran. Worcester 2m mm 
son Dec 18. E ‘ " “ - 

I hdto son Dec 18. BAUUT (i0-10) 3rd beaten 6 ), I b> Foot Patrol fiO-1Qt6ran. Leioestwam nov 
bdle firm Nov IB. EATT1E KPtO jll-Ot 2nd beaten 13 » Juven Ujht Ctt-01 21 ran. UngMC 
nov hdta good to soft Dee 7. DEER CREST 0^7) 2nd beaten 31 toFandango Light (11 13 ran. 

Newton Abbot heavy Dee 2& HOW NOW (104) 4th tsaMan 151 to TenAm pCMl) with LACKEY 
HOEY (10-1 1) EBh baaten over 19 18 ran. To-aeessr 2m nov riffle good » soft Dec 14. INDIAN 
RANGE p 1-0) 3rd batten 4i id Atrafaam f»-6J?1 tan. Worcaew 2m nor hOaaoR Bus 14 OUST 
STAR pi -6) 6m beeMn 381 to C awns Ctown (10-10) 18 mn. Devon tot 11 nov Kfle heavy Dec 8. 
CLEAR THE COURSE (9-13) Oh beam 18 i'll to Croix 00 Guerre (10-11)18 ran. Toercoator 3m nov 
ixfls good to soft Dae 14. PAfitSIENNE LARK flt-0) 2nd beaten 7,1 to Sweet Optimist <iD-7) is 
ran. HerrlorC 2m nov Mie good to soft Dec 3. 


U ( 10 - 10)6 ran. 

IB. BATT1E kMQ(11-Q 2nd beaten 19 to Juven Light (11-0) 21 r 
to soft Dec 7. DEER CREST (10-7) 2nd better 31 toFertosrgd Uc 
heavy Dee 2& HOW NOW n04) 4th tsatoan IS u TenangfllM 
Sh baaten over 19 18 ran. Towoester 2m nov riffle good to aott 

Chepstow selections 


Advantage for Innovator 

From John'NlchoUs, Auckland - 

Ofthe seven basiotirat have now Town jury in a first leg protest 
completed the 7,100 iftlle second leg between Drum (Skip Novak. GB ) 
of tbe Whitbread round the World and N23 Enterprise (Digby Tayor) 
race from Cape Town to. Auckland, has been withdrawn after consider- 
Philrps Innovator (Dirk Nauta, ing further evidence. The results of 
Netherlands) has the best corrected thefirst teg therefore stand, 
time. She finished the course at fESULTBc DMNoo A fatasaad urns, total two 

division A that had finished ahead Drum p NovsL gbj. Canwctod Urao (mtsi wo 
of her. She has atwo day advantage fapk i, uss svfcwtind & days, ashre, 
TIBS 1 hwftmfaSd *«5 2. Uon 3. NZJ 

o«r ue leader um hwnzeriana ec. 12 .i 8 E 8 ; 4. com cfOr 

By Mandarin 

1.30 Deer Crest 2.0 John’s Present 2.30 Nassau Royale. 3.0 Spoonbender. 

3.30 BaDymilan. 4.0 RIBOBELLE (nap. 

By Michael Seely 

1.30 Deer Crest 2.0 LEFT BANE (nap). 4.0 Season’s Debght 


Dolphins’ big catch 

From Davifct Sigerson 

2.0 PHEASANT HANDICAP CHASE (£2,099: 2m) (8) 

1 100(0-1 LEFT BAM (D) (Q Boccta) T ForvtBT 8-11-12 (5 «) RDunwoody 

5 Bt-1300 OYSTER POND (CO) (K Martin Ctartto) M McCourt»-11-2 ..._QM=Cotet 

8 1130-40 OKG'SJUa P) ( W nM t faO o nia Conduction LM) 

J King 9-10-11 PSaJdamora 

10 <8710-11 JOHNS PRESENT (CD) (P Daring) RHoktor 6-19-9(6 *4 PMcnartta 

11 3401-00 WALNUT WONDER (Cfa (R Hckman) R Htrionan tl-TO-6 J Bryan 

13 21fbO» R IB ROOK ffi) (Ur«PJoynai)J Spaartng 10-lM P Wamor 

14 *S24p2 JOHWUafS (W Dornts) W Damis 9-10-0 DWonrmcoB7 

15 I3BXN7- RUSTY BOY (F Ayres) M Staphm 7-1 (H) ^BPanal 

2 Uft Bank. 6-2 John Prasad. 5 King s Jug. 13-2 Oystsr Porto. 9 Johnnms. to Brnfarook. 


FOREt LEFT BANK (11-0) won 2Yi\ Iran WBy Yaonrnn (1M) 8 ran. UngOtod ^ntveap chgcoj) 
Dsc 21. OYSTER POND 110-131 «r beaun 8A to MrMowrakar i(11-« f »»i. VWneanto" 2m Sf 
h eap ch soft Doc 28. KINQS JtlQjll-2) unplaced to Ribf^eM HW) ZB i»v Asc oc 2m 4f h rap 
hda goorf Doc 4. JOHNS PRESENT (ID-13) won 4| from Tudor toad (104) 17 «n Qwpaow 2m 
4f b’5p di soft Dec 21. JOHWUttS (io-7) 2nd twuan 2»*l to A Boy tomad Sou* (11-4) 13 ran. 
Newton Abba 2m 5t nov eh heavy Dee 26. 

Stoecttoce LEFT BANK 

2.30 TATTERSALLS NOVICE CHASE (OuaJifiBr. mares: El ,586: 2m) (1 1) 

3.0 RABBfT NOVICE KUHOLE (Ofv II: £1 .396: 2m 4f) (20) 

1 308-031 FIFTY BUCKS (D) (E Wheadey) Mrs M Rsnefl 6-11-9 ..GMcCourt 

4 00 ARIZONA (BngCHuvev)DNkfto(9oh 5-11-3 PScjoamora 

5 AUFVflEDERBEHEN PET (Top tndustrle) Mnfg Ltd) 

C TneUme 6-11-3 A Sftaroe 

9 3b AUTUMN SHOW (T/n PSMlKl Mra SOSver 7- tt -3 ISutMvn 

6 pep-0 CANDY DAN <D Btoof*id) D BtoomfloW 7-11-3 . L etoorr.t^KJ 4 

9 tKR>4-0p CAIfTOtSCLOSEfMra JFo**nain)SDowS-l1-3 - 

10 090 CELTIC FLEET (R Beswick) ■} Speannq S-t t-3 PWanrnr 

12 004044 FUEOO BOY (A Dartmoton) 0 Baroro >11-3 PtucrcJb 

13 SO HIGHLAND CARDINAL (A Gawthrcp) J 0 J Davies 7-11-3 JLovepy 

IS 032 JACUZZI (NLeggetoPHevnea 6-11-3 A’.vesa 

15 000- LIMKtST (3 H YaniflBy) GVeidley 6-1 1-3 CSmfth 

17 MOLYEOEHUM (B Moore) WG Turner 5-1 1-3 . AJonec 

20 4- ROWLEY LOOOE(DBmtoey)P Seven 5-1 1-3 .TWU 

22 0 WOOOQATE fS Seto5bwy) T Forster 5-1 1-3 - RDunvoody 

24 ntbOO- C«ERff7MDE (Lady Homos) Lrtoy Harries 6 10-12 MK inane 

S3 p DEVIL'S COLD (A MwclLlakl R Siepherd 6-10- J2 - 

2B 30 LOBLOLLY (E FmchlMre A Finch 6-10-12 MiJMead 

29 32 SPOONBENDER |C Freud) G Bahfing 0-10-12 - 

22 pp VULPRO (KraH Bare) MMoCout 8-10-12 - 

33 033 ENAOLLEYfAJBtngiey Lid) DBsworih 4-10-0 R Arnett 

3 Fifty Bucks, 100-30 Jucuza, 4 WoodgsM. 6 Anzorva. 13-2 Highland CanSnrrt. 
FORM: FFTY BUCKS 01-0) won 31 hom Starwkto (1 1-0) 17 ran. Hereford 2m a| nov hrfle good to 
firm Nov 12. AUTUMN SHOW blest brought down earner (1M) 3rd traetan to to Celt* Cyjnet 
(104) 18 ran Ludtow 2m flat reea nod to Arm Nov 27. CELTIC FLEET (10-10) unplaced u Gere 
(10-10) 21 ran. Warwick 2m nov hSeoood Nov 28. FEUQO BOV (10-ie> 4ih oeaton 251 K Twin 
Oaks (10-10 14 ran. Towceatar 2m Sfrwv rifle good Nov 30. MGHLMiO CARDINAL (IM) Sto 
beaten 29 » Smotecota (11-4) 18 ran. Fokestone Cm Bf rifle good tt soft Dec 17. JACUZZI (11-0) 
2 rto beaten 81 tofciva Rosa (10-10) 22 ran. Worcester 2m nov ndle soft Dec 18. WOOOOATE (11- 
0) 5Yi beaan 111 to Marati Kirto (11-0) 26 ran. Chepstow 3n nov hdta good to soft Nov 30. 
LOBLOLLY (10-6) Stti I Winn ItJVjl to Croix do Guerra (10-11) IB ran. Towcesier 2m nov rifle 
cooo to soft Dec 14. SPOONBENDER (10-12) tod betoen 31 to Pradpe Most (10-121 19 ran. 
F^tinodMi an 4f new rifle good Nov 26. ENA OU£Y (106) 3rd beaton 19 to Syrian Jokm (1 1-0) 
12 ran. Kempton 2m 41 hdto soft Dec 27. 

Sjlertlnn. JACUZZL 

3.30 JOHNNY CLAY MEMORIAL HANDICAP CHASE (£2.092: 3m 6 !) (9) 

1 p/12p1- hA3T SUSPECT (CD) (Arme Duchese ot WestorttoW) 

T Forster 12-1 1 *8 R Du nwoody 

3 4101-23 BALL YM LAN (F Shertoen) F Shertoen 9-10-3 R Baggen 

5 of/O-Ou TWO COPPERS (S tksd) L Ksinard 1 1-10-0 . — BPoweW 

6 401-130 DROPS reBRAWY (Mra CFekbmnilJ Edwards 1 1-10-0 - - 

9 3(45-14 NORTH LANE (G C ottiyove Udj K ftetlop 9-1P-0 

10 2100-pp PAY FREEZE (R OBvert 8 W May 10-100 . — --SMa» 

11 flBplS- BAY FORE ST (Mrs D Chesftira) Mra E Kamerd B-1M SMcNcA 

12 B03p-4p COM! THE COBBLER (M Slepnera) M Stephens B-1 0-0 

13 (pOu/dO TRUE MEMBER (Mm S Durtstan) P Duncmn 12-104) MrsRVk*ery 

94 BaSymflsn. 52 Last Suspect. 8 North Lane. 8 Two Coppers. 9 Drops O'Brandy. 

FORffc LAST SUSPECT -10« won 1 frl from Mr Sraigfit (1M) 40 ran. Uvrapool Grand Nadonal. 
heap en. good to soft. Mcr 30. BALLYMLAN (i0-l3T 3r d beaten 17Y»I to Kumbl (11-7, 6 rca 
CnsMnhsm. 3m 41 heap ch. jMdtofm. Nov 9. TWO COPPERS latest lost his rUw eerlmrjio- 
10) Btti beaten 29 to Contrarfcal rii-iq 13 ran. Worcester. 3m heap ch. soft. Dec 18. DfWS O' 
BRANDY (10-5) 881 beaten 211 to B« Brown Bear (10-10) 8 ran JIWtocLBin Jw*pch,ffig^ .Nw 
21. BALLYMLAN EARLEH (10-11)2nd beaten 41 to EkOetfietotijfl-T) wtoi DROPS O^BRAJOY 
(1 T-CJ 3rd beaten 14). 6 ran. Owpsnw. 3 h«p. good. Nov 2. NORTH LANE (jMitt baawg lOril 
to Ftoican Tma 111 - 10 ) 8 ran. Toweester. 3m heap ch. Opoc to soft Dec 14. CONN THE MBBIER 
>m—* pririd up. ebrier (11-0) 4m beaten over 40 to Burrough H8 Lad (1 1-12) S ran. Chepstow, 
3m ch. good to soft. Nov 30. 



2 101/02 VAAtTAOEjB Curzcn & B CShepnanf) Mrs J Pitman 7-12-7 SSetoyB 

3 0213-uO COUKTYPLAYER (OJ (Mrs YSMwr) Mrs SOfvnr 9-11- tfl Jecra,lOOver4 

5 10-0090 EAMONSOWEN (D) (Mrs ATrowriktoe) Mra SOSver 7-11-0 D Darting 8 

6 12-2011 RIBOBELLE m (TChanMertM PipeS-lt-1 (Tax) I Lower 

7 241-112 CAWARRALAD (D) (Mrs M kewon HeMOfl) C James 7-11-0 EMwjaty 

9 pi l-oo BLANDER ID) (J Demote) J D J bevies 5-iO-tO .G Heaver 4 

1) 0014-21 SEASON’S DQJfiKT (D) (R BroorrtoBfflR HokW 7-10-3 (7 ex) AWcks4 

12 31-1210 RETSEL p) (T Barton) C Popham 7-10-8 - 

-X BALLYWEST (El (P Axon) R Hodges 8-10-8 W Irvine 8 

-00 CELTIC BOB IS Cooper) Q 0'Ne* 6-104) __.TWBlems8 

15 44-1421 ASMJD (B)(D) (Mrs J Chadwick) F Winter 7-10-8 -NFea/n 

i B Davis) M 

-1 412011 NASSAU ROYALE (CO) (MPirtemMrtM RuncJ 6-11-6 

2 04u31l CAUCHEMAR (BP) (N 0eteito|n»MraJ Barrow 7-11-1 -^Stope 

3 40/4*0 BLOW MY TOP fe Br ocrrtuB) B H gMer 7 -1 D-_10,- — P o*£22 

4 0000-00 C AMEHS lg (Mijor N Mart nj N Mfttf mfl tLt0-10 -~?7r B _^T 

6 11004 CHEEKY RUN JJ McGrath) TPorMer7-HK« BOumroo^ 

7 212/0 DROM LADY IF HwgaaJN Gaselee 7-1M0.-.- 

10 0000-Op FERHDAUS (Mrs PBecW Mra G Jones 8-10-10 

11 p43%X GOUJEN (Mrs SPontfPB*** 8-1 0-1 0 R&vrongn* 

12 W0|H LAMPSTONEtR Barra) PDHi^tos 9-1 0-10 IjLeaeh 

24 448040- KL8YTK (C FblK 

27 0p30-40 DERWENTKMG 

28 433040 WEE WBJJAMJ 


15 0-1 DOS SLVER MAID jUn B Davis) M Pipe 7-10-10 

16 8p-40 ULCOMEIA Dean) A Moore 6-10-10 GMoora 

154 Nassau Royale. 100-30 Cheeky Run, 4 Dram Lady. 8 SBver Matt. 10 Csuchemar. 12 

Lampstona. 14 CamebeHe. 16 othas. 

FORM: NASSAU ROYALE (ll-l)won BSaiy Ifafrom Maatte R oed (10 -10) with SLVER MAID(10- 
10) 3rd beaten IS 18 ran. Worcester 2m nov ch soft DedlL CHEEKY RUNritew ;teB tod. eerter a 
dm over hurtles et Naas end Trittea. DROM LADY -ftO-a 5th beewi 29 to Tom Sharp (1 W) 
18 ran. Cheftertwn 2m 4! h eap rifle soft Dec 7. OoLo&l MEDINA (10-5) 8th beaten 341 to 
’ ) 1 1 ran. Heratord 2m nov ch good Dec 1 B. 


1) 001441 SEASON’S DEUOKT ffi) /R BnwnhBfflR Hotter 7-10-8 (7 en) — A Dicks 4 

12 31-12*0 RETSEL (O) (T Barton) C Pophanr 7-10-8 - 

-X BALLYWEST (Ol (PAxonlR Hodgea HM w Irvine 8 

-00 CELTIC BOB IS Cooper) O O'NeB 0-104 .T WE lams 8 

15 44-1421 ASUD (B)(D) Otn J Chadwick) F Whiter 7-10-8 -NFM/n 

18 240320- PANTO PRsNCE jArs L Warren) L Kamerd 5-10-B DMustowB 

19 0-21330 CHEtOST BROKER (Food Brokers Ud)P Haynes 6- 10-6 PComyn 

23 2-00300 LUJGTS GLORY (L Bmran) GYatifley 8-1 0-8 ^.W MeFarfend 8 

24 448040- KLEYTKlC FbWcrtE Wheeler 7-1M MBowtov 

25 tip-000 MIAMI HOLIDAY (D) (Industrial Glove) M Caste* 5-10-8 .KTraylorB 

27 0p30-*0 DERWENTKMG pi pcro«MreJ6of!9*10G W Humphreys 4 

28 433040 WEE WBJJAMJdT (B tecka) B Mcka S-1D-8 

JUBLSLKBnS(B Gordon) PPrttCftanJ 9-10^ DCWrm 

SHANWE (B Webb) OOTIeiH 7-10-8 - 

HUMBER PRINCE (3 E Jones) G Jones 16-104 C Warren 

lt-4 Rtoobalie. 4 Cawerra Led. 5 Asrmd, 8 Vantage. 9 Season's Delight. 10 Mender. 
FORM; COUNTY PLAYER (11-9 11th beaten over IS to Nona Pope! (ID-4) 16 ran. 
Wolverhampton, 2m 6f heap rifle, good. Dac 27. EAMONS OWEN useful Irish impart, winner over 
rictfes and fences. RIBOBELLE (11-7) earn 201 winner from VANTAGE (12-0) 7 ran. Haydock. 2m 
heap rifle, good to soft. Jan 3. CAWARRA UtD III-1) 2nd Deaton Ml to Merry Jane (10-12) 20 ran. 
L idM. 2m neap rifle, good. Dec 17. INLANDER flO-ffl 5th beaten 301 to Yabts (104) 10 ran. 
Kempton 2m heap rifle, soft. Dec 28. SEASONS DELIGHT (10-2) won 8 from No FHdie (10-11) 14 
ran. Haydock. 2m heap rifle, soft. Oee 12. ASMO (11-7) won 41 from Rlnus ft 1-0) 13 ran. Bangor. 
2m4f nov rifle, pood to soft. Dec 9. CHEUBSTHHOftEHn l-g71f» beaten over 111 to CefBcRema 
(11-0)22 ran. Huntingdon, 2m nov rifle, good. Dec 11. ALETtS (10-7) 3rd beaten 1 WJ to Meeson 
Grange (10-5) tS ran. Worierhai mp t o n, 2m heap rifle, good. Dec 26. DERWENT KING (10-0) 8th 
beaten 321 »Pa®l Run (10-1 1) 26 ran Catwiek, 2m heap hde, soft. Dec 13. 

M -Nottingham 

Going: good (chasa course); good to soft (honflea) 

{7.30 am inspection) 

2m Bf) (6 runners) 

Tbe Ins Angeles Rams and 
Miami Dolphins, playing at home, 
won their respective National 
Football LeagM play-off games oa 
Saturday fa markedly differ ent 
ways. The heavily favoured Dol- 
phins heat the Oevdaiid Browns 
after withstanding two and a half 
quarters of an fattefizgent aud weti- 
execsted gams pbut, coming back 
from 21-3 down, to win 24-21. 

The Rams, relentless rm defence, 
overpowering on the ground and 
with * record performance from 
their running back, Erie Dickerson, 
beat the Dallas Cowboys 3ML 

At. Miami, the Browns ran 
Earnest Byner to the left sUs of 
MzamTs mediocre defensive fimt 
fora total of 161^ yards, the best of 
the game, while fee Browse* 
defensive hacks, Rank MnuifieW 
and Don Rogers, restricted, the 
“Marks Brothers” (Dolphin 
rec eiv e rs Mark Clayton and Mark 

Witt the Dolphins’ tparteitack, 
Dan Marina, confused by the 
Browns’ wcD-dlqpbfld zone pass 
coverages, Oerriand had taken a 
21-3 lead by ftB-begfeafag of the 
third quarter. 

'. But the Dolphins, who have not 

lost in right home games this 
season, once again adjusted and 
survived. Worn down by MtontTs 
beat and fanmldity and harried by a 
fiercely parttian Orange Bowl 
crowd, the Browns failed to keep 
possession of rite baZL Martina 
forsook his preferred lmm passing 
game and began throwing short 
passes under the defensive cover, 
primarily to Nat Moore and Tony 
Nathan,. . 

The Dolphins kept their heads 
and 'went an to score 21 points 
without reply for victory. Miami, the 
only team to beat tiro vaunted 
Chicago Bears fids season, will fare 
the winner of the game between fee 
Los Angries Barden and New 
V"£l«nri Patriots, which was being 
played y ester d ay, for the Americas 
Football Conference ch amp ionship 
and a place io fee Super BowL 

Tbe Bams-Cowboys game was to 
be a test of strength. Each team has 
fl gifted miner and each is 
defensively solid Against the ran. 
ga the Sams kera Dallas’s Tony 
Dorset! to 58 yards in 17 carries, 
while Los Angeles's Dickerson 
broke the NFL’s play-off record, 
gaining 248 yards, including 
breakway efforts of 55 ami 40 yards, 

for touchdowns. 

7 p1-4rt2 FLYWG MISTRESS (T Bel) JWbbber 8-1 0-8 M Jenkins 

10 <ob40-2 FORTSTAR (S) (L Thvraftes) S Crinscan 8-1 (Ml -JltoH 

11 000-040 JON P9Bt(J Howard) B Morgan 8-1M C Prince 

1985: Meeting abandoned - Iran 

2 Bede In Action, 9-4 Fortstar, 7-2 Royal To Do, 4 Ftytog Utetrass, 20 Star Gazette. 25 Jon 

Nottingham selections 

My Mandarin 

l Run (10-1 1) 26 ran Ceaarldc. 2m heap hdle, soft. Dec 13. 

19 004-23 THE ROYAL COMME (R GU»ns) J Webber 7-11-0 > Webber 

21 OOOOfO CRABWOND WIG (W Jackson) MW Eafflerby 9-10-9 PTurflt 

22 lOfpOO- EPRYANA p Bennen) P BisgoyM 8-10-9 - 

24 3IMC SJLVER SHuW/MiS E Scotfa Mrs E Scott 8-10-9 , 

25 pO/f GONG BIRD (G Rock) Mrs C Clark 7-10-9 CPYnton | 

11-8 Gtearsby. 7-2 Lsweedon Princa, 5 Indamelody. 10 Sam Da V«d. Sfcar Snow. 12 The 

Royal Comrte, Dendng BovaratpL 16 oihera. 

2.45 ANNESLEY NOVICE HURDLE (Djv)|;£1.046:*'fn)(25) , 

1 01 CROKDEOUEWte (D) USiaw) Mra J Pitman 6-1 1-12 PStman : 

2 01 INFINITY rules (CO) (MmaHWoods LM) S Me*or 5-1 H-12 >GCharteeJ«w 

3 4401 MB1DOH MONARCH ran (JSmnft)R Sheattwr 5-1 1-12 ..JlGuesl7 

4 1KW WHAT wax l WEAR (D) (fe) (Lady Anne Ban8nek)J Gtover 5-11-12 


10 11 CLEARLY BUST (to (C Hobnas) C Holnwa 6-11-5 JD Hood 7 I 

11 o QALLAS SHfTH (PSmiST) M Chaoman 5-11-5 RBalfour7 , 


0 R.YMQ BUSH (BF) (PBanc 
p GOLDEN DESTBft rtl Hokna 
2- MET OFFICER (M Skinner) M 

r TO (C Holmao) C Hdmee 8-1 1-5 J 

I (P Srolirt M Chapman 5-11-6 R 

(rsBCitteylB Curtav 6-1 1-5 

PHante)P Harris 5-f 1-6 J 

1.15 Royal To Do. 1.45 Bril Founder. 2.15 Indamelody. 2.45 Croix De 
Guerre. S. 1 5 Port Askaig, 3.45 Conscription. 

1 .45 ANNEStEY NOVICE HURDLE (Dtv 1: £999: 2m) (25) 

1 31 CELTICFLAJtt (Mrs OOpdhMPUfn S-V.-12 ° rSSJ 

I J 

10 CABRAL a Qand C VemanMtogj-fl- 5 

II « CONST AALE KELLY (Major L Tftar^ Mra J Barrow 6-11^ 

12 0 DANCtNG ADMRAL STfo K Morgan 6-11-6 SJ< T^ 

«•> A nrt u ra w Wfl W PvlmW S Mfl 5-11-5 -■ . .-.TWtf 

tarns 5-1 1 ^ Jt Strange 

rcroft) Mra J Pftman 5-1 1-5 PTuck 

as) JC Morgan 7*11-5 - 

fl) K Morgan 5-11-6 S Johnson 

n) D Hodgson 6-11-5 -C Grant 

il Sterner 6-11-5 P Barton 

vyn 5-11-5 UBtwme 

ifGVermtta 6-11-6 A Webber 

'emonWtor 5-11-5 SSnerawod 

Henderson 5-1 1 -6 J Write 

Fitzgerald 7-11*5 — NON-RUNNEH 

3 PARANG fP Walwyn) PWatwyn5-11-S r -DBrchvrW 

00 PEWKXSJer (Mra JMItttoeifGVerwtle 6-11-5 —A Webber 

0 QUBJWTAAO(TSM»r1C Vernon Mar 5-11-5 SSfterawod 

0 SUWY SLAVE (H ParWi) N Henderson 5-1 1 -6 — TSSTsHSSK 

TAW NY SP IRIT (A affinor) j Ftagerold 7-11*5 — NON-RUNNER 

0 THE STEEL ERECTOR (HenfrM'Mkflands'LttftT Bfl 7-1 1-5 R Crank 

»- WRITE THE MUSIC 0 Abel) PFetane 5-1 1-5 R Bemwi 

00- WRITE THE MUSIC (J Abel) Pfelgm 5-1 1-5 R.Hffin 

010- GATEWAY «lfcjfaraBHod0kinsor^RCtiatrajtpn 8-1 1-0 JM&r 

0 ITALIAN SECTtT g Farrlgno LUI) B McMahon 5-11-0 -g-TW 

uuOO IfiWffiS DBVER (H Spjcer) R^icer 5-11-0 - — IMcfauttiBn 

O- NOfiUNa HAPPENED (BCtar»MrsMtlwmee 6-11-0 JJOTMI 

03p0-f RECORD IffiD (i Afccpp) J Speanng 5-11-0 — P Dover 

Ctoerty Bint 7-2 Croix De Guerra. 92 Parang, 6 Inanity Rutoa, Merton Monarch, 10 
aWL Is others. 

20 o lafosse fR Mrs J Pay" S’JH.-r 

■B ' . ___ 

1 « SoHSSSISir^SSSr^miiB^Eivr: ! §2 

S ii 

34 Hk> RAYfc-WOpO free M Kara wjMra M Ttmm 6-lt-d p^v" 

S RUBLE LASS IM Howkea) G Thomer Win) jr£5!£E 

40 TRl^BLOGSW (N Roberts) JWottw 5-11 -0 - .. . ... --GManiagh 

2 B ass ert— 

2 „ SSES^1BfJWl!iS-TK==3!Ba 

3 Rtva Rose, 7-2 Eefl Founder. 4 Cette Rm, 6 Kadesh. 8 Broken Wng. 10 FsBiar Mae. 

Lafosse, 16 rows. 

2.15 NOTTINGHAM CHAMPION NOVICE CHASE (22.732: 2m 6f) (12) 

4 04-uZ1f #mAMELODY(MrtM Thome) NJtoirterion 9-1 1*8 SSmllftEestas 

I K S^gg^ > ^V XettM rt JPtoTO^--g iS 

)! 35S 

15 OSV2B SAH DA VDK3 (J VTfcorJ 7-11-0 IJOfwffl 

17 SSOa-Sf STEASWav (T Ramsdsni Mra J Ptonsn 7-11-0 -^ I 

taA Mum. m iw io nfflflr oflCie tn HwtbI Q Bnptrrtfl Ml . .. .... . . M Brenmn 


3.15 FILLDYKE HANDICAP CHASE (El ,657: 3m 4f) (7) 

2 309GB SAKWRB3N (D)(B) (H Thomson) jRngeraM 8-n-7 — — 

3 iff -243 CEtoMAU (Mrs EuttJJ Edwards 6-11-6 

4 210/010 BARRYSVE1£ jratBF) (Andrew Bah0PBwgiiyne10-1M. 

7 3820-03 PORT ASKAIG (B) (UWO«taaa)TForBterlMl-0 

8 p3-4Q21 SXKBYfOBrarrartOerannBi 12-10-13 (7 ox) 

ready to 
foil Last 

Bj Mandarin 

With January 1 5 the closing dale 
for Grand National entries and lbe 
weights to be announced later this 
month, the build-up to this year’s 
Aimree spccudc begins in earnest 
in lbe coming weeks. At Chepsiow 
this afternoon, Tim Forster gives 
tbe 1985 winner, Lasi Suspect, bis 
initial preparatory race and it will be 
intriguing 10 see bow this unpredict- 
able character acquits himself. 

.Although Last Suspect has list 
gib to carry, his task in the Johnnie 
Gay Memorial Chase is none too 
formidable as all but one of his eight 
opponents has to carry more than 
their long handicap weighL How- 
ever. with Ain tree his sole objective, 

! would imagine that his shrewd 
trainer has still left plenty to work 
on and for feat reason I oppose him 
with BaflymiUm. 

Fciix Sheridan's nine-ycar-oid hai 
run quite well on ground loo fast for 
him this season and will appreciate 
the give underfoot he is sure to get 
today. He won Warwick’s CrudweU 
Cup over an extended 3 >2 miles in 
heavy ground last season and the 
191b he receives from Last Suspect, 
allied 10 his Fitness advantage, 
should be decisive. 

Forster saddles Left Bank, 
another top weight with a sound 
chance, in lbe Pheasant Chase, but 
marginal preference here is for 
John’s PresenL who seems far more 
reliable this season than he was last 
and may still be a step ahead of the 

Jonathan Lower has looked one 
of the riding finds of the season and 
RJbobeUe is napped to continue his 
and Martin Pipe's successful run in 
the Duck Conditional Jockeys' 
Hurdle. This progressive mare held 
on by half a length to beat Ray 
Prosser in an amateur riders' 
handicap over 2 'A miles at Ascot last 
month but was far more impressive 
when switched bach to two miles 
and ridden by Lower at Haydock 
Part on Friday. 

Ribobclle and Lower steadily 
drew clear of their rivals at the 
Lancashire track 10 win by 20 
lengths from Vantage, who now re- 
opposes on much worse terms. The 
handicapper is unlikely to show any 
mercy after such an authoritative 
performance and Pipe is wisely 
striking again while she remains on 
her original mark. 

Indamclndy. a faller in The 
Catchpool's race at Sand own on 
SJturdhy, makes a quick reappear- 
ance in" Nottingham's Champion 
Novices’ Chase and. granted a clccr 
round, should account for Stesroh;.. 
who has yet to fulfil his undoubted 

Jenny Pitman. Stcarsby’s trainer 
can lake the second divjjion of the 
novice hurdle with Croix Do Gcerre 
(2.45) but Bell Founder is jus', 
preferred to her representative. Riva 
Rose, in the first division ( 1.45). 

Leicester doubt 

There will be a 3.0pm inspection 
at Leicester today to see if 
tomorrow’s meeting can go ahead- 
Clcrk of the course Nick Lees said: 
“I am not 100 hopeful at present, the 
irack is frozen and there is a severe 
frost forecast for tonight.” Notting- 
ham stewards are holding a 7..K)am 
meeting to sec whether today *: 
meeting can go ahead. There arc 
problems at Chepstow. 

Bobsline shows 
old sparkle 

From Our Irish Racing 
Correspondent Dublin 

Starting at the generous odds of 5- 
2 in a five-runner field. Bobsiine 
gave an improved display of 
jumping to win the Boyne Handicap 
Chase at Naas on Saturday. 

This was his first victory of the 
season buL in winning this with 1 2 
stone, the KVycar-old son of High 
Line served notice that he will once 
again be a force in the Queen 
Mother two-mile Champion Chase 
ai Cheltenham. 

Tbe gallop, a strong one. was set 
by Rillulowen. who had displaced 
Bobsline as favourite. At halfway, 
he was seven lengths in front with 
Frank Barry content to ride a 
waiting race. The gap had narrowed 
by the time Kilkilowen came to the 
penultimate obstacle and Bobsline. 
touching down alongside over the 
final fence, came away to win by si.\ 

Francis Rood now intends to 
bring Bobsline to England ne?. 
month for the Game Spirit Chase : 


Sandown results 

lA 1. B GoBtao (11-2): 2. TsaraBa (5-ir. i 
None Too Dear (SO-t). Wantage (4-1 law). 2\ 

L7he2!ete/^ (154 tavfc 2. CuiLrk 
(9- 1 h 3. DaExwy (20-1 s 10 ran. NPj Faster Ssu. 

2ft 1, R«*> And Skip (7-2): 2, Contradeal 15-2 
lav): 3. Buckbe (10-1). 8 ran. _ , 

230: I, Midnight Count (G-4). 2, VatM (7-4 
tavfc 3. Ttekta Soo [9-4fc 7 ran. 

3ft 1. The Foodbnfcer (7-2 J; 2. Pruflem 
Msteh (50-1): 3, Mttraoht Song (9^1. 
itononafteBbtotn ( 1 1-8 tav). 6 ran. 

3J0-. 1, St Andrew’s Bay (15-2): 2. 
Singlecots (10-lk 3. AtaSng Gael (16-1>; «. 
Roamei (25-lfc Ray Proasar (7-2 lav). 2t ran. 
NR: BadEpacfaar. 

O Hayboak Parti and Warwick were caDo: 
oft due u host. 

Course specialists 


Trahwra: F Winter, 17 wimara from 15 
runneri. 22.4V T Forawr. 13 from 67. 13.4Y«: 
Mrs M Bml. 10 from 54. 18.5%. 

JockavK J Duggan, 4 winners from 14 ndas. 
26.6%: c Marav* from 16. 25.0%: A Wetm. 5 
from 21 . 23^%. 


Tralnora; N Henderson. JO wtarws frwn 45 
runners, 222V Mrs M RlnwU. 12 from 57. 
21JML; Mrs J PtUnan. 6 from 62. 119%. 
Jockeys S SmfSft Ecctes. 14 winnttS Irtm 54 
rides. 25.9%: TWaS. 4 from 3i. 12.9V P Tack. 
8lrom6B, 11 PL 

Leaders overjumps 


_P Blackburn 


■■G Menio gh 

G Grant 


0 Browne 

R Strange 


it J Fttzgeratt B-11-7 — — M Dwyw 

11-6 — P Barton 

BaW) P Burmne 10-106 ft Bfflfth Eeetae 

T Forster 11-11-0 ft Sherwood 

-10-13 (7 aid — M Brarawn 

an) R Champioo 7-tOO ~J J O’Neffl 

Mrs jneron 8-10-7 PTuck 

Brennan) O Ettonnan 12-10-13 (7 ex) 

011242 TURN BLUE (BF) (WS E 0T Wfcon) R CnamcJon 7-100 1 JOTto 

VJ142-1 IUG0UVER (A J Sfrigiey LW) Vfcs J«m*l 8-10-7 PTue 

3 Macoher *Tum Blue. 9-2 Sfeegfay. Port Askalg. 6 S«n Wfrekm. 7 Cartmeu. 10 BerrysvBe. 

12 tftg-03 LBEEBP0H PRINCE ffFiti8t) SOttfcit |an 6-11-0 — - 

15 SAW DA WNapwteorj R Ch ampion 7^1 V0- 

17 SSte-SI STEASWEY (T Ramsdwi Mra J Ptensi 7; t1-0 — - 

18 484-top SUBSIOGXE PARK (CHegutlOBraman B-1 1-0 — 

3.45 SARACEN’S HEAD HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 .425: 2m 6f) (12) 

3 2-32200 SKANGOSEH1 TO (J Green) JJenkfrra 5-1 1-6 — -.ft Sherwood 

5 41 HOT CONSCRIPTION (C) (GRottesKflchobon)JLaWi 6-11-3(10 «) 


7 Ip-110 RARE n£A3UR£(GHQreford) Rax Carter 8-1 0-1 3 P Barton 

8 UM00 BARWHtS DREAM TOJDNawtortR HeiKmftted 5-10-13 IJO’NsB 

9 2242-OT LAmr7W fflM (TBttTBaifi-IM A Crank 

10 l&rt-pO OUR BMtABOY(PSriwi)MC Chapman 9-10-9 RB«our7 

12 W4M/ MENPORO (P Kelth-Roaoi) K BflSey 11-10-0 — AJcnes 

13 O4H0 T OO OF TBrftAaDStott^KBndgwelar 7-10-0 .WWoramgton 

15 000000 TOEYDUAROUND (OSwmanjO Mermen 9-10-0 MBmrai 

16 008-033 WCEN8EMAttnwd)P Bonn 8-108 

18 000-902 COUNTRY CAP (RTowwondJJ Old 5-1 0-0 

19 8-p9 PB«Y FALLS (GDook)S Bowing 7.1 W) — -DStteW 

»4 Lady Tin, 4 Snengossar. 6 Marhere Dram 132 ConKrtpOTO. 8 Rare Pleasure. 12 

SseyouHnnm. 18 cthsre. 

J Jenktos 




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J Edwards 


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P Scudamore 
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sa 30 34 0 

40 30 24 9 

36 23 29 > 

35 33 21 0 

1 33 36 21 2 

26 15 12 2 

25 2« 18 1 

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46 34 34 7 

s 41 38 21 7 

39 41 2fi 2 

37 35 25 1 

34 26 15 13 
32 34 27 2 
29 30 15 15 
29 26 34 0 

26 22 17 IS 
25 13 15 5 


Y JANUARY 6 1986 




Irwin is 

back in the 


From Mitchell Platts 

Hale Irwin, who shared ihc lead 
with Scon Hoch moving Into the 
final round of the Bahamas Golf 
Classic here yesterday, is probably 
best remembered in Britain for 
waving a white handkerchief on the 
I Sth. fairway at Royal Lytham Si 
Annes in 1979 as Severiano 
Ballesteros moved past him to win 
the Open championship. 

Yet he has won 17 tournaments 
on the American circuit, including 
two United States opens {1974 and 
1979), and with official winnings of 
S2.75 1.051 since turning pro- 
fessional in 1968. he is beaded in 
career earnings only by Jack 
Nicklaus,. Tom Watson. Lee 
Trevino and Ray Floyd. Irwin also 
won the World Match Play 
Championship at Wentworth in 
1974 and 1975. 

As Irwin is now 40 years old, 
some observers might assume that 
he is in the sunset of his career, but 
lie emphasized that he is still 
extremely capable of producing 
excellent golf with a third round of 
64 on the Paradise Island course. 

It was a masterful performance, 
galvanized by a glorious inward-half 

of 29 which included one eagle and Gate way to victory: Ros 

five birdies, and it immediately 

promoted him as favourite to win 0 

the S872.000 first prize in spite of ^^4-jrk-w m 

the fact that he was being Ll 

pressurized by the persistent Hoch. ^ * 

Moreover. Irwin collected three Man bo r. Yugoslavia (Reuter) - 
birdies in the first 10 holes of the Roswitha Steiner, of Austria, won 
last round, in spile of a hustling her second World Cup slalom of the 
wind which made club selection season yesterday, again relegating 
difficult, so he was on the threshold her arch-rival Erika Hess, of 
of stanine the new vear in the best Switzerland, into second place. 

Miss Steiner, aged 22. finished in 
a total time of Imin 19.1 2sec after 
runs in 38.23 and 38 J3sec over the 
two legs, which had 51 and 48 gates 
rcspccti vely in a drop of 1 68 metres. 

Miss Hess, the reigning World 
Cup slalom champion and current 
leader in the overall cup and slalom 
standings, finished with a time of 
1:19.89 after runs of 41.96 and 

Miss Hess, sixth after the first leg, 
beat Miss Steiner by 0.3sec on the 
second run. but bad too much of a 
deficit from the first leg. Miss 
Steiner also beat Miss Hess into 


Higgins wins after 
fall from horse 

Gate way to victory: Roswitha Steiner heading for success in the slalom yesterday 

Steiner too fast for arch-rival 

second place in the first slalom of 
the season, in Seatrierc. Italy. 

Austria's Ida Ladstatter was third 
yesterday, her best World Cup 
placing in a combined time of 
1:19.89 (41.28 and 39.05). 

“I knew Erika had a feu time in 
the second leg and that I had to give 
my best to beat it," Miss Steiner 
said after the race. “I took just as 
many risks in the second leg because 
I knew my lead was not enough to 
just cruise through iff were to win." 

Despite skiin a very aggressive 
second run to clock the best time. 
Miss Hess, a previous winner here 
three times, was not too disap- 
pointed in defeat yesterday. “After 
my poor first run I just hoped it 
would be possible for me to m-ifc* 
the top three," she said." In the first 
run I made a lot of mistakes because 

I was still cold after a long pause in 
the World Cup." 

RESULTS; 1. R SMnarMMQ. Imin I9.12aac; 
2, E Mess (Sorted. MMk 3. I La«w«w 
IAusjj. 1 .29.33: 4. 8 GTOtait tSortttJ. 1 :2&37: 5, 
U Eapfe-Bsck (WGL IJOJft ft. C StnjWe 
(XaSL 1:21.27; 7. V sbvwfeMr (SniCJ. 121.41: 
8. D Ztn TO. 1:21 -*8. 9. C Mbwn (SwaL 
1.21.62; ID. V Sne (Vug). 121 .09: it. K 
LmoK (Yunl 121.74; 12. C Scftmlfflwusw 
ISwiw. lizia, 13. A Gaop [An*'. 12ZS 7: u. 
M Borman (Vug)* 122.7% 15. A Gcracfi (WOV 

65 C3; 2. Stetrfr. SO; 3. B GacSant (SwW). 32; 
< SchnaiCer.% 5. P Petal (Fa 19. 

1D1 per 2. M Garg (Wffl, BO: aqua) 3. Sttftw. 
SO. M WaSOa (Swrtri. 50: 5. Setmekta. 47. 

• The men's World Cup slalom 
race scheduled here yesterday 
morning was postponed after heavy 
overnight rain aiirf warm weather 
yesterday moraine affected the 
snow surface. 


Wigan give Swinton 
the brush-off 

Alex Higgins shrugged off a 
bruised back, a painful neck and a 
black eye to reach the quarter-finals 
of the £225.000 Mercantile Credit 
Classic as Warrington yesterday. 

Higgins beat Dennis Taylor 5-4 
to reach the last eight of a major 
tournament for the first time this 
season, but victory was not without 
its traumas. Higgins derided to risk 
the frozen Cheshire air with an 
early-morning canter at the stables 
of his friend. John Carden, and 
finished up on the floor after his 
horse. Dreadnought, derided he 
would rather be left alone. 

“As I was getting up Dreadnought 
kicked out and just caught me on 
the eve.” Higgins said. 

‘The eye hardly bothered me at 
aD. What was of more concern were 
my back and my neck, which were 
hurling quite a biL and I didn't have 
the time to seek any treatment." 

Taylor had a golden chance to 
make success in the fifth frame. He 
led 3-1 overall and 50-28 in the 
next when he missed a red into the 
middle pocket and allowed Higgins 

to come back to the table with a 32 
clearance. Higgins took the sixth 
frame as well as the highest break of 
the match - 81 - and although 
Taylor won the seventh. Higgins 
completed his victory with breaks of 
64 and 32. 

Rex Williams beat the fifth seed. 
Tony Knowles. 5-2. Williams, 
chairman of the World Professional 
Billiards and Snooker Association, 
dropped the first frame but won five 
of the next six to earn a quarter-final 
clash azainst Higgins. 

RPTH ROUND: R WUams (StourtxkJw) bt A 
Knrolss (Baton) 5-2 (Wteams flrw) »75. SO- 
28.6954. 77-44; A Higgins (Maneftmtal bt □ 
Tayta (BfecWrjn] 5-4 iHogra firatt 33-61. 71^ 
25. 2448. 43-27. 60-50. 3-0. 24-79 T&4& 67- 
33; C Tlwrbwn (Can) bt A Mao (Montat) 5-1. 

Added incentive 

The Martini national club better- 
ball championship, which has 
attracted a record 1,140 golf clubs to 
this year’s evenu will award £500 to 
the dub which obtains the best 
overall publicity and coverage of its 
qualifying competition. 


Bt Keith Macklin 

Six hundred Wigan supporter? 
armed themselves with rakes, forks 
and brushes from their own garden 
sheds yesterday and trooped down 
to Central Park to save the Wigan v 
Swinton game from the threat of 
postponement. Despite the newly- 
installed underground heating the 
Wigan turf was still covered with 
snow and an urgent appeal brought 
the fans to the ground, carrying their 
own garden tools. They were 
directed by Steve GaskslL the club 
groundsman and finished the job of 
clearing the pitch only seconds 
before the teams came ouL 
Wigan went on to beat Swinton 
comfortably, and a crowd of 1 2.676 
saw the debut of Ray Mordt. the 
South African wing. Although 
Mordt did not score any of Wigan's 
right tries in a 42-0 victory, he ran 
strongly and with purpose, and said 
afterwards that he enjoyed his first 
taste of rugby league, finding the 
tackling much tougher than m rugby 
union in South Africa- The Wigan 

tries came from Stephenson, Ford 
(2). West, Hanley. Kiss. Du Toit 
and Gift. Stephenson kicked four 
goals and Gill one. 

St Helens, badly weakened by 
injuries, put up a brave fight against 
Halifax at the Leeds ground. 
Headingley. They trailed 16-4 at 
one stage, but fought back to 27-1 8. 
This win lakes Haliiax to the top of 
the table on a day when only two 
first division fixtures and four m the : 
second division survived the 1 
weather. In division two Fulham 
put up a brave fight against Leigh 
before losing 22-18. and Barrow 
and Whitehaven improved their 
promotion chances with wins over 
Wakefield Trinity and Runconi 

FIRST DIVISION: HaMm 27. Si Helm 1ft 
i 42. Swmton 0. Other metrites 

SECOND DtVlIBOffc Barrow 20. WiteMd 6; 
&2CK00C* 42. MansfWd 1ft FuMem 18. Leigh 
22: Wtvtth even 34. Runcorn 2. Other matches 


Victory and 
for Britain 

Barcelona (.AFP) - Britain won 
group C of the European junior kx 
hockey championships and have 
F a pa b een promoted to group B for next 
4 5 b season. Britain finished with six 
3 5 B prints to Hungary's four and 
t ie 2 S rain's two. 

J }§ l % HAMILTON. Ontario: The 
Soviet Union won the gold medal at 
the eight-country world junior 
tournament which finished here on 
Satiirday (Reuter report). They were 
unbeaten in seven games and best 
Canada 4-1 to clinch the gold medaL 

Canada took the silver medal 
despile losing again, to Czechoslo- 
vakia. 5-3. The United Stales won 

vaiox 5-3. The United Stales won 
the bronze. 

ATHLETICS: Henry Rono, 

Kenya's former multiple world re- 
cord holder, could finish only 29th 
from 3S starters in a 20-kiloinetre 
race ia Mombasa on Saturday. 
Rons, who is preparing to make an 
attempted c o meb a ck, finished half 
an hour behind the winner, David 

GOLF: Tun Norris leads the field 
by two strokes after three rounds of 
the S200.000 Spalding Invitational 
tournament, at Pebble Beach. 
California. Norris made birdies at 
the last three holes for a 68 and a 
three- round total of 201. 
FOOTBALL: John Hollins, of 
Chelsea, has been voted BelTs 
manager or the month for Decem- 
ber. when bis team climbed to 
second place in the first division, 
reached the quarter- finals of the 
Miik Cup and the final of the Full 
Members* Cup. The divisional 
awards go to Alan BaO (Ports- 
mouth), .Arthur Cox (Derby) and 
Lou Masari (Swindon). 


fak-cfh 7 JP u nli re MM »5 
FA Cm 
Third round 
BimtMftam v Altrincham 
Garble vQPft (7.45) 

Crretal Palace v Luton (7.45) 

Offcamv Orient 
Sheffield United vFteham 
Sheffield Wednesday v west Efrenwrich 
COTOWL UAOOE n« dMotae OMy Co v 
Aston vn (7bt liB ta aHw 

lBsbartanpien wandvara * Bradford CHy 
■ttJwtTSCHKm CUft drat mad ranter 

Law Report January 6 1986 

entitled to a 
lien on property 

Boodle Hatfield & Co (a firm) t 
B ritish Fonts lid 
Before Mr Justice N'icholls 
{Judgment delivered December 5] 

A third party lender paying part 
of the purchase price due under' a 
contract was, pritna focic, entitled 
by subrogation to the vendor's Men, 
although one way in which the 
implication of such a right .would be 
displaced was by inconsistent 
express contractual terms. Howrvcr 
the mere failure of the lender and 
borrower to address themselves to 
the question whether the lender 

would acquire the vendor’s security 
rights would not of itself negative 
the application of the doctrine of 
subrogation; nevertheless it was of 
overriding importance that the 
doctrine would not be applied if it 
produced an unjust result 

Mr Justice NicboQs so held in the 
Chancery Di vison declaring that the 
plain tiff firm of solicitors was 
entitled to a Uen upon the freehold 
pro p erty 251 VauxhaQ Bridge Road. 
Westminster, for the sum of 


Mr J. P. Whittaker for the 
plaintiffs; Mr Timothy Lloyd for the 

that the proceedings raised a short 
but for from easy question. To 
enable a company client to complete 
the purchase of a property, a firm of 
solicitors obtained from ibeir bank, 
bankers’ drafts for the purchase 
price and handed them over on 
completion to the vendor's solici- 
tors m the usual way. 

Prior to obtaining the drafts the 
purchaser’s solicitors had received 
and banked a banker's draft from a 
building society and a cheque from 
their dient Subsequently the 
cheque was returned unpaid. 

Did the purchaser's solicitors 
have a lien on the p r op e rty in 
respect of the port of the purchase 
price provided by them? 

The purchaser’s sotiritori. Boodle 
Hatfield A Co. were the plaintiffs. 
Their dient was the defendant. 
British Films LuL In 1984 and 1985 
the plaintiffs acted for the defendant 
in connection with its purchase of 
the freehold of 251 Vauxhall Bridge 

Contracts in an unexceptional 
form were exchanged on August 28, 
1984 and the anted completion 
dale was fixed for February 28, 
1985. The purchase price was 
£400,000 of which 10 per cent was 
paid asdeposiL 

Since the defendant did not 
complete on February 28 the vendor 
served a completion notice expiring 
on March 15; the sum required an 
that day was £370,076. 

On March 14 the plaintiffs 
received £335,980 from a building 
society on the security of a first legal 

That left £34,096 as the balance 
needed for completion. On the day 
the completion notice expired the 
plaintiffs received by hand from the 
defendant a cheque. for that sum 
drawn by the defendant on its bank 
in favour of the plaintiffs. 

Mr Alastair Smith, the partner in 
the plaintiff firm handling the 
matter, telephoned Mr James 
Sheijan. the defendant's managing 
director and principal s hareholder. 
Mr Smith asked whether the cheque 
would be met. 

Mr Sheijan replied that at that 
moment there were not sufficient 
funds in the defendant's account to 
meet the cheque but that there 
would be sufficient funds in the 
account early in the following week 
when the cheque was presented for 

On the faith of that assurance Mr 
Smith agreed to complete the 
purchase later on the same day with 
bankers’ drafts drawn on the 
plaintiffs bank. Nothing was said 
about the plaintiffs requiring a 
second charge over die property nor 
did Mr Sheijan offer that or any 
other security and he assumed that 
Mr Smith was content to rely on the 
cheque being met 

Mr Smith did not suggest that at 
that time he had in mind that if the 
cheque wss not met his firm would 
or might have any security over the 

Mr Smith then obtained the 
banker's drafts pursuant to a 
standing arrangement b e t w ee n the 
plaintiffs and their bank under 
which the tank treated cheques paid 
in by the plaintiffs as dared 
immediately upon payment in, 
unless and until such cheques were 

Accordingly Mr Smith paid in the 
defendant’s cheque, obtained the 
banker’s drafts and then completed: 
whereupon an exe cu ted transfer of 
the property in favour of the 
defendant was banded to Mr Smith 
by the vendor’s solicitors. 

Subsequently the cheque was 
dishonoured. Thereafter the plain- 
tiffs lodged a caution in the Land 

vendors uen over the pro pe r t y to 
the extent of the money provided by 
them cm completion. 

The defendant went into receiver- 
ship on April 24, 1 985. The prop ert y 
was now in the course of being sold 
and the balance of the proceeds 
remaining after paying off the 
building society's loan and interest 
was expected to be about £24,000. 

The dispute was thus between the 
plain tiffs and the receiver in respect 
of that balance. 

The plaintifis sought a declar- 
ation that drey were entitled to the 

An am of common ground' was 
that where a third party acting on 
behalf of and at the request of a 
purchaser used his own mosey m 
'paying part of the purchase price the' . 
. third party was, pritna fade, entitled 
by subrogation to the vendor’s lien. 

Where issue was joined was. on 
what as a matter of law was 
sufficient to show a . . contrary 
intention and whether as a matter of 
feet .the necessary contrary intention 
was presen tin the case. 

The principle of subrogation was 
considered in . Qrakpo v A tanson 
Investments Ltd ([1 978] AC 95). 

Although the point before his 
Lordship did not arise in that case: 
observations in their Lordships' 
speeches on subrogation . m . the 
context of unpaid vendors' Kens 
were of considerable assistance. 
From the speeches of Lord Diplock 
(pp 104-105) Lord Salmon (pi 10). 
Lord Edmund Davies and Lord 
Keith (pi 19) tine guidelines 
relevant to the present case could be 
drawn with regard to subrogation. 

First, one 'of the ways in which 
the implication . of subrogation to - 
the existing security rights of the 
vendor might be displaced was by 
the express terms' in .the contract 
made between the lender and the 
borrower being inconsistent -with 
the acquisition by the lender of the 
security rights. 

Second, the failure of the' lender 
and the borrower, to address 
themselves to the question whether 
the lender would acquire the 
securitv rights of the vendor would 
not of itself negative the application 
of the doctrine of subrogation. A 
lender who advanced money to 
enable a borrower to complete and 
who stipulated for a legal charge to 
be given when his loan was made 
was on likely to consider what his 
security position would be if the 
Legal charge produced was. invalid; 
that is, whether in that event.- he 
would acquire a lien by subrogation. 
But the view of both Lord Diplock 
and Lord Keith was that such a 
lender might acquire the pre-exist- , 
ing security rights by subrogation. 

Third, and of overriding import- 
ance. the equitable doctrine of 
subrogation would not be -applied 
when ns application would produce 
an unjust resulL One of the 
circumstances in which subrogation 
might lead to an unjust result was if 
without the implication of subro- 
gation the lender obtained «til that 
he bargained for. 

Turning to the facts, the common 
expectation was that the cheque 
would be met when ft reached the 
defendant’s bank. That arrangement 
was not by its express terms 
inconsistent with the implication of 
the lender acquiring the unpaid 
vendor’s security rights. . 

Moreover the absence of any, 
agreement or even discussion 
regarding security did not lead to 
the conclusion that there -Was by 
implication a common intention 
that the leader should have no 

The explanation for the absence ' 
of any discussion was the simple 
one that neither party con si de r ed 
what the plaintiffs postion would 
be if the cheque was not met 

Obviously Mr Smith was taking a 
risk that the cheque might hot be 
met but his Lordship did not think 
that from that he. should infer that 
Mr Smith was agreeing to waive or 
release ' any, rights which the 
plaintifis would otherwise have had 
in respect of the financial assistance 
they were providing.' 

In Pout V Speinvay Ltd ([1978] Cb 
220) it was established that the loan 
was made on the footing that it 
would be an unsecured advance. 

In the present case, that Mr Smith 
did not have security in his mind 
when malting the arrangements over 
the telephone was a very weighty 
factor. But the evidence fen short or 
establishing that the plaintiffs 
arranged to finance completion on 
the footing that they would be 
unsecured creditors. 

As to the argument that the 
plaintifis obtained aQ they bar- 
gained for, it was important to 
remember that subrogation applied 
in that case unless excluded. 

Accordingly, the question was not 
whether the plain tins bargained for 
the transfer to them of the vendor’s 
security rights but, whether the 
bargain made by the plaintiffs 
excluded that transfer either 
expressly or impliedly. . 

Unless that was kept in mind 
consideration or whether the 
plaintiffs obtained what they 
bargained for was likely to mislead 
ratixr than assist. 

The plaintiffs agreed to assist the 
defendant by carrying the position 
until its cheque was cleared. 

It was not inequitable in such 
circumstance* for the pfemtiffe so 
stand in the shoes of the vendor in 
respect of the money provided by 
than, with the consequence that the 
defendant would not obtain the 
pr o pex y unencumbered until it had 
paid the plaintiffs the . amount of 
their contritmtion. . 

Given that subrogation arose as a 
matter of law, and it operated unless 
excluded, it would be a' bard 
conclusion that deprived the 
plaintiffs of the benefit of subro- 
gation merely because the possi- 
hifinr of subrogation did not cross 
Mr Smith's mind at tire time. - 

Sofidiors: Boodle Hatfield A Co; 
Isadore Goldman A San, 

Irregularities in service 

tey r j r. t Sacco Unaa. 

FA TOUTH CUP: TMnJ ram* Ipentt Town v 
BrtsW ffcwerx Futwm i Bn i ftlB hOT CXr 
liAon Town t AthoiL 


SHOOKSfc Marsvate Cndt Ctoafc 

Camera Care Ltd ▼ Victor 
Hassclblad Akticbolag . 

Irregularities in relation . to the 
service of a writ out of the 
jurisdiction under Order 1 !, rule ! 
of Kite Rules of the Supreme Court 
woe not save in exceptional cases, 
irregularities which could be cured 
in the exercise of the court's • 
discretion under Order 2, rule I. 

The Court of Appeal (Lord - 
Justice Fox and Sir Roger Ormrod) 
on December 19 allowed an appeal 
by Victor Hassdbhd Akriebolag, 
against an order of Sir Neil Lawson 
on June 13. 1985, whereby in the 
exercise of his discretion under 
Older Z role I he bad allowed the 
plaintiff*' appeal against an order of . 
Master Grant setting aside service of 
2 writ out of the jurisdiction on the 
first defendants. 

- LORD JUSTICE FOX said that 
the plaintifis had not demonstrated 

that It was a proper case for service 
but of At jurisdiction at all. Even if 
it had been, the judge had not been 

justified in his conduston that the 
d efe c ts were curable under Order Z 
rule 1. The provisions were a 
necessary part of the m a chin ery of 
litigation became errors were easily 
made, and should not, in general, be 
allowed to affect the substance of 

The present matter was not an 
ordinary case because it waf 
concerned with service out of the 
jurisdiction and because of- the 
nature and extent of the errors nude 
and the impact of the Limftation 
Acts. Having regard to thelong train 
Of errors perpetrated by the 
pbrin tiffs and to the fora that the 
grant of relief would affect the 
defendants' rights under the Limi- 
tation Acts, the discretion, under 
Order Z rule 1 should not be 

.exercised in the pfomtiffs’ favour. 

Yocxh Taam (Cannons SC, London 

SC4 i. 

BUQW lEABUfc flwnlar Ovtawv Cwtetorf 


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organising parties and 
dealing with Important and 
famous people around the 
world as wefl as coping 
with general secretarial 
duties n 00/60 minimum}. 
Age25+. \ 


For MD of small Marketing 
company. A smart confi- 
dent waff educated ideas 
person with the ability to 
take responsibility and in- 
tertecs with top person- 
alities. Good secretariat 
skffls (100/80} Age 26-35. 

- Np to £8,000 

To .work in sma&, highly 
successful Venture Capital 
company. This is an excel- 
lent opportunity for a col- 
lege leaver to rain valuable 
experience. Must have 
good shorthand and typing 
-early 20's. 




Are you someone with a pleasant, personality,' GOOD 
TELEPHONE MANNER, excellent secretarial skills. and ah 
ability to organise without supervision? As we are Soaking for 
a PA/Sec to our Sales Team. . 
c. £8,000 aae. . ■ " 

Selection of the successful applicant will bemadebylhe 24th' 
January. 1986. 

Write with full CV and daytime telephone no, to: 

Mr Jonathan L. Harries, at - 

36 EBURY STREET LDHDON SWlW 007, .. THlPHOKE 01-7309974 



(Set up tn the request of the Semiary of &atejbr Social Services) 
Ari minis iraiivg Secretary isTcqinred for- this important 
and wick ranging review. Organising ability and good 
secretarial skills - essenliaL . (Word 'p roq cgiiig .an. 

Salary: £8,000 pa plus (under review). . 

The appointment is for the duration of the review: about. 
2 years. 

Please write for details and application form to: Roger 
Toulmin, Secretary to the Review, National Institute for 
Social Work, 5-7 Tavistock. Place, LondonWClH 95S. 


. * c£9j500 p.a, * 

. ' ‘ * SW1 * - 

Major company, affiliated to' the trif. industry are seeking a 
senior secretary , with Wang -experience. coupled with short- 
hand and pudk) skffls at their victoria offices. Salary may be 
negotiable and perks include a bonus, five weeks holiday plus 
many more. Brigfiymodern offices, conveniently situated. - 
Please cafl for ah fanmedinta appointment and aak for RobM 
Robinson on 01-828 6886. 




Willing to travel 
c£1 0,000 , 

A wel known In iar r W tiotmi 
Company naadt an Admbi/Sac 
win wfl ba fma to mol io Aftr 
annul conference. The vanuo b 
(fifforem aaefi yew. Ttw 
auecaaaful app ficA nt wfl nan 
good of^antntkmid aUBdae, 
oxcelant i/h tw*s and 
wfltognara to ba mined cm WP. 
Auenc written French 
tGonnan/Sqonbb accopraWal and 
an aptitude for darting with the 
public needed. Suit Gradual*. 

CaH Caroline Waifinger 



Wc tie looking for an rapoionccd 
imerrte«er who wU enjoy Notes up 
their ana «tw, - pe&rably 
m n dp re ea ai lBi/kcawarM. Tte 
wcBwdhl applicant will he *tri- 
1 motivated and capable of gu e ratirg 
badusL We oOfer afipod bane salary 
+ era** eommbwn, health den 
mewbenUp. PPP and pleasant 
o ffer* . • • 

RinC Sally Owen* on 0I-23S 8427 or 
leave a raemae on the aw p h e nc 
after SJOjun. 

4 Poat Street, • 

^ ■ London SWlX 9EL 


^SEC%FiARl£S; : 'R 





-to Managing Director of registered 
insurance . broking company. 
Small, modem, McwcSy office fo 
Chancery Lane. Proflctant- short- 
hand typing essential as is some 
knowtedge ot .genanl insurance/ 
otherwise ptoa&a do not apply. 

Salary by negotiation, but gener- 
ous toms assured 

VJt are a fist expanding publicly-quoted advertising and 
public relations consultancy. 

We are looking for a top PA with excellent secretarial and 
organisational drills who is accustomed to working at a very 
senior level. Experience of word processing would be an 
advantage, although training will be given if necessary. 

The ideal candidate will be personable and intelligent, with 
a pleasing, lively personality tactful discreet and confident 
-and with a sense of humour! Preferred candidates will be 
aged 24-28. 

The work is pressurised, often highly confidential and this 
is reflected in the remuneration package. 

Bar farther details please contact Jane Sowerby or 
Bona Harrison in the strictest confidence bn 01-730 3456. 

P.fl./SEC SW1 £1 0,560 ?.A. ++ 

This busy Director of a large management consultancy needs a 
light hand' who wfl be able to work under pressure, deal with a 
large amount of admin, efient contact and a varied workload. 
Immaculate see skUa a must (sh/audki + WP) and the successful 
appfcant wfl be about 30 yra. 


This partner needs an experienced aucSo/WP ebc who will reash 
the opportunity to become tiwofwed in this busy department 
Pfensa cbme hi and see us today or telephone Ssfly Owens on 
01.-23S 8427, 4 Pont Street, London SWfX BEL 



The M.D; of this SW1 Co, giving advice to international 
.businesses is looking for a "right arm". He needs excellent 
secretarial skins (90/50) and w.oi knowledge but as 
important wffl to your persona We nature and ability to run 
the office In his absence. This Is an involving position which 
will give lots of opportunity to use your initiative and 
become Involved at the highest level. Age 24+ . 

For further details please phone Caroline 



Manager of 
Computer Finance 


Our dfcrts art looking tor s (uglily 
cvnpolent person with good ad- 
mhslrabt* tfcte. stortng off In Uwr 
London office and thsnoneir ntHldng 

London office md thsrwifter tmiUna 
n Wottord TNo portkm could oltor 
excaBem comw p fo y e aw on tot a 
pvt quaffed aeeoiManf. HMD . or 
sunlar queEfic an cm. ~ Ptovioua n- 
house fttwice experience plua Know" 
lodge ct computers mr sssentnL 
AJthBUjn seaeisnsl conisni w mrt* 
msl you must be bOIb to hsndto con- 

Teteplwne 499 8070 


c£1 0,000 

Admin biased Job In 
Krightsbrtdgs lor bead of depL 
Woridng French is essentia! in 
addrtwn to aodlo or 100 sh, age 
25+ good education & 
engaging perso na lity. Cafl 

408 1831 


The Managing Director of a pmpsrty 
company Based in the ©ty BC4 re- 
afras a senior ae o mary PA to haV 
org a nise' Me busy day. Actuate 
thorthend fctypfog aarartM. AgsK- 

35 Sotary P». Ptora oormwi 



gto fg wml s i) 



A toy icmdini p« for so **5»en- 
cnccd Scszcury, u> wrt np • new Dept 
■ Mifa foe Msosfcemwt Drv of pm- 
dyioui City Rdmunaee Co. Cood 
O rginiw with a awn flexible xni- 
mde needed, u wort to <m iaUBhe. 
VPI?C (Cb will ems tna) Mrs 
Aaaa Axes ISO BWtoja*** BO. 

01-247 9701 

CVa Waken*! 


Trade 01-278 9161/5 

Start afresh 

in 1986. ,4 


Al MfltBfairi w - v ' *' t :- ; v 

offer senior fcref (Bspniwms 
and top mils of pau a\ year y* 

muiwf. 1/ you have immmal ■ . 
experience and fave recently 
been working-vith at least 
one o) the foilouing 9jslems: 

AES. Diaifai Ocawle. Oft' 

ET 3 51. Wang or IBM' 

Display '"PC. fitrn wou arr 

Sr"" Maciain 

I ud tfiinE beaming onr rrijS*®* _ 

of tAf elite cf our temporary IGSUpOToT^ 

team could be your Nnvftar J^prrpf * 1 

rreoJutiw. ^ 

OIIVicKraljtertin ■JSSTSS 

IftAw on 01 49^ 9175 undonwip oai 



Wfl look toward to extending our friendly and professional service to qu alified 
I/I \ fr pa's, secretaries and typists who possess a high standard ot presentation and 

J 1 * enthusiasm. Our dents are offering career opportunities in the foSowing areas: 

★ fashion ★ banking * tourivn^ 

★ property * ®» ■* bt-hnguet 

★ PR and Advertising * kg^. ★ accounts E „ i0WK+ 

MICDnsulancy {Wi)crtof si siW i d ngaadaoBJOtoflrMi Bm iienl to a competent EecratDy »wfi 55 *sjm lyp. 

Variety & Soaps EB.000 + txfltam bona. 

Tow s pnfle »i ysurswii. toremg wlb foe pubic, hartotrtfl sdnw p»e warn on WP A «lo 

p*m Bi» £9,000 + too octets! 

Uniform olto mAiornsni wnnn tun picKaa worid A lend slsreuro pna 100/60 

nBospboivM Enog. 

FeauHM Cwsm Carden oitees t«»»i *« piocsned psreonsSiy «•#! 1 row s MJcnenw - succassw communestona 


TNntonaPA £9.6004 

fhJffT^nmew ftrMecncqraiJiancysxtoa Pypn *oc A levels okn exceOenl sh/typ a OKfll Freekwsie 
Cxi cnnsiJwns win be {touted to her from ydi »nd «rtnge an apwxwno^i *) px* Cslluso" 


16 Ubiww Square 
Lcftdan VV;R OAU 

Two Sertior Partners of this renowned Qty-based firm are 
looking for a cheerful, inteiligen!, quck-witted secretoy'PA 
Very friendly working environment. Age 26-30 with skifls 

Publishing £9,500 

Associate Director of a highly successful international 
publishing house needs a PA with good skffls [90/50 + W.P.) 
tor very varied, exciting and pressurised role. 

Computing c£1 0,003 

The MD aid Group Manager of a leading software company 
need a Graduate Secretary with an interest in 
high-technology in order to taft inteffigentty to clients and 
undertake some research. Age 26-30 with skffls 80/60. 

Retail c£9,000 

Due to his PA's promotion, our efient. toe Company 
Secretary of ftws leading retail chain store group, is seeking a 
replacement Mrcmal secretarial duties tor presentable 
candidates with the capacity to organise and attend 
functions. Age 23+ with 90/50. 


First class skflb 9 We can offer you 
exciting assignments and high rewards _ I5 mfENT 
-mmedaely. APPO^I™ 

THREE OF THE BEST £13,000 - £17,000 

Our c]«nt the Chairman of a top oil trading company seeks three 
work-ahoiic secretaries to join him. You II need to be social ty 
confidant to liaise at top level aid will enjoy an enormous amount 
of involvement and responsibility. You'll be paid an excellent 
salary but this is not a 9-5 position so you should be committed 
aid career minded. 110/70 skills and fluent French needed. 

City 240 3551 West End 240 3511/3531 


Rucroftmenl: Consultants 

• -V r'r ?. C ii»c - 


Mtrduul Bank £9,000 Ptoa 

toft > (tamad koooi. yai4 owflm*, mpfe Bfo4y ytw after peto^ tha M 
jrr bi^ tel yaall 11 m fler! Tnll njiinr 4 na|czi rna, bn at caaakietl vori: cd pim- 
lit mn| Bit wpa SB pbl IBM WP. Arc 2S31. 

American Broken 10 £11,000 

Tin cnfinl fimur n la Ncmsy m ptmRy mM - F»fl * Anct Cfo Nrw 

Ytrt Dd nrtp^r mao. mi nqte c*r Acc am. YonH oct3 fauoil ap, XT !atk 
Aon SH fci cmlkmoa! Afc I+3t. 


01-283 0111 



W> hnmadiH bookings an ivaBabto for AxcaHora allri 
shonhand (100 wpmi Wang and BM ft Haum tor aac- 
' maws with mWnxsn 6 noMhs aaparianca. 
l can oriar an|oyaH» wortc and asp rein tar Guttsfita canffi- 
pa»s bo start tha yaar with a poatava mora ana eaB ira 

Staff Introductions 
TEL: 01-486 6851 

on 629 4343 

U3WDON W1H 9HF,TELH*HONE 0+6294343 

PR In Covent 

Tte Wfraflv and guccauftl vney is not 
baling lor PR eqi. Dm ft looking tor aa 
mndivfl gut-going paraonzity to Hama 

nSnfoM ^ em ob*»3w? 3 A Two senior partners of 

sesing protects thrown tram tort to fines* F 1 commodity bmkws/fund 

srreKLSRas I ee%+'&*3SL 

skfls. ai adrtmh wrainafilv and supw 8 butwly 22+ SH Sectary 
pmcnam Ag* 20-25 Sifoy C7J00 P*. | tO rUll thW OffrCOS. 

organise cUent hmches & 
keep the show on the road. 

Call Shaun so 


ta £9,500 

Leading tiaemaltand Co. seeks 
Dottier love) sacrdaiy ideally 
wtth Wang. WP experience ft 
aurgang personality age 23+ 
good Education ft presentation 





Ugarffly wdu**f tor enw ooe of 
young company. Atiflty to <Srtvre on 
advantage. Desire to mm haid and 
auceeea aaaenwL nepofoi tar 
occeetonat long twua and conodarabto 
flibn to a jouai situation. Pmf ago over 
2S.Cal today tor raarvfe*. 



Csxa. £7,500 p j. 

We require a secretary who 
speaks fluent Italian ana good 
English, with audio typing and 
basic bookkeeping skills. The 
ideal applicant will be aged 
between 20-30 and will have had 
some experience of computers or 
word processors, 
interviews for both positions will 
be held in London and/or Italy in 

Andy Is writing to: N. Brenner, 
Caltech Industries LbL, 

Ifl CuJfard Garrises. 

StoaoB Square, London SW3. 

Tel: 01-581 198D 

TWO * an 0m- 

riwwfoj pWtomaffly tar «w rig 

For foifter fktiaPs ptoace cal 

236 1113(24 hrs) 
raanuN acnunvwTsor.te 


TELEPHONE; 01-629 3M3 ■■ ■ ■■■■ ■— 


A hading conanner name 
manutactijring company seeks a 
senttr secrotay.'PA to their Vice 
President. He & a Superb boss, 
deiegales yreti and is keen TO find a 
comnufled. professional secreary 
who «ffl develop and matoten fust 
class relationships mth he clients 
and colleagues aid run tus office 
smoothly. Excellent benefit 
package offered. 100/M skills 

City 248 3551 
West End 248 3511/3531 


Ba en J u iurl CorfeuBnnh 


A wry prestigious Tam of estate 
agents seeks a wen organised 
secretary in z panrwr It's a small 
but busy office and you’ll enjoy 
extensive c^ert contact both face 
to lace and by telephone. A good 
administrative /secretarial 
background and flthqm sudn 
abtWy needed. Previous W/P 
expenance essential. 

City 248 3551 
West Ead 240 3511/3531 


A top rum city wme traders seek 
a young sophisticated secretary to 
ihM managing director. A super 
job as you fflend and arrange wme 
usungs and PR events. Previous 
director level experience and 
80/50 skffls needed. Benefits 
induce a tree lunch. 

City 240 3551 
West Ead 240 3511/3531 

BzobethHuntl BzobethHunt 

Raoutawri: CensuConh 

RaoiAaenl bnuftanb 

Circa £11k 

Our deni - a wan astobltohed TUHtational group with global raprewn- 


kx tfon.* Managing Daseor who. with a Mghty rnottvctoO warn, comrola tha 
group aahflttts In Africa. Baaad totooly to Norm-West London but moving 
» Cm Chanaey area By rmd-yaar. 

Tina evoking, ehaflanglng and totally nvoivad posdton requroi a Hevtoto 
profasstonu wrio wM; 

* Partonn alul aacratartairole. 

* Leseimti overseas managara. 

* Arrange vlaas and trerrai Itineraries. 

' Deel with personnel adnvrastratlon. 

IdeaBy you wb oe career-minded, over 24. have eveeflent tec- 
rata rial sides. WP experience and the aunty to totsrgraie wo this 
young and dynamic teem. 

Initial ta ta rvteunf with » yMa Baker on 01421 0400 at Dunam 
Houae, 37 Undng Lane, London EC3. 

A division of the Drake International 


has a vacancy for 

AGED 25+ Circa £S,SOO p^. 

We seek a wed presen led. weO edscaied and bithly motivated person for lbs 
bnponani ibml 

In addition lo excellent nnuiul skill*, tae tuoCMSfiil applicam win be reguited 
to bindie adomusmivt rKponsitahries wiihin the Rejmrni'i Deperuoeni. 

Offica Hoars 9 JO un. to 5 JO pun. (35 boor week) 

22 Days Holiday. Free 3 Coarse Lnaches 
Attractive Offices owerioolaae Regan's Pat. 3 ninnies walk (ram Great Portland 
Street and Rcgraft Fade nndetpeund stariou. Salaries {subject to annual and con 

of bve^revieiniacoonluig id age and eaperieace on University Scale. 

Please mile with c,v. or tetephooe the Office Manacer for aa appHcathm 
form: BOP, II St Andrews Place, Londoo NW1 4LE. Teh 0I-93S 1 174. 

£9,500 + MORTGAGE 

Our Client, a leading Gty M/Bankers seeks a confident pro- 
fessional S/H Secretary, for the Director of Mining fk Finance. 
An ability to organise this busy Gem, controlling both an 
Admin A secretarial support. Ex celle nt Benefits - 4% Mortgage 
Sub after 6 months. Free Lunch, STL, Bl'PA, Bonus etc. 

Mrs May, Acme Appcs 88 Cannon St EC4. 

01-623 3883 

6 0n the other hand I’m very well 
understood by my temporary 
secretaries C. 

from.. .9 # 

^..-7 : Cqj/i} 

%&mr l t 

CITV 01-606 1611/WfST BUO 0V-fl99 0092 

The first numbers to ring 


To raganbfl ana run tne hsad- 
fljanars al 9 m rapKlly growfflg 
health cars company you B 
rwed po*e. good aXHs. (S/h) - 
the aboty to copa conWwwiy 
v«n a busy day. H you ars 
ready to aceapi 9 m challenging 
stop into an ofttea managirad 
rota then cal 

588 5081 


Seeks assistant for director of 
publications, {preferably pood 
honours degree) to help of all 
stages: initialing, commissioning, 
editing, sailing, exploiting etc. 
Secretarial skills essential. 
Starting salary E10.000. 

Write to Oliver Kemr 

8 Wilfred Street SW1E GPL 

for Dynamic M.D. 

of International private company 
based London Belgravia. 
Excellent job satisfaction. Salary 
up to £ 10,000 plus bonus for 
really committM organised 
person willing to work longer 
than average hours. 

Please write With tuB CVtfl 
Box 1389 N The Times. 


c£1 0,500+ 

Fabulous opportunity tor an 
experienced Bookkeeper to 
work tor RetaN Shoe Trader r 
the West End. Experience oi a 
tufl s«< ol books, bank 
reconcSeilons. VAT. PAYE, 
ana bought lodger essaraal. 
Some export knowledge and 
tha aWity to work on own 
mfortWe a needed. Dtscoum 
on shoes. 

Celt Handy Stettord 



Small, successful 
international Co., 
urgently need a PA/Sec 
to organise ft run the 
office. Excelem typing 
ft w.p. exp. required, 
plus charm & tact when 
dealing with overseas 

We are an expanding] smati group of 
proparw co's looting tor > tiantwork- 
ng, afffoent, tan, capable secretary/ 
typist. Small but pleasant office Mth 
car parking. Salary EB.OOO-EIOOQO 
per waium negotiabU. ttr SoBqr 

340 0231 



c £10,000 

High adnvi contort tor ambrtiOuS MC- 
leteiy capable ol orgeitang wide range 
ol exhibit ions, aeinnara and aooel 
eveniR. Also raspenstola tor cempfottan 
and efflting o< kHtouse nawa iattere and 
promotional Hloratutc. 

Ptaaaa phaw Lforiu Maddox 

240 5211 

Staffpton RflcCona 


raquirad tor Mtaenon ponnar m owand- 
mg firm d Mayfair soadtora Salary 
19,000 ptoa. 

Plem Wephono Loafoy CSariraon on 

491 1378 


To £8,200 

Are you looking for a 
secretarial job in PR Which 
is more admin biased? 
Dynamic PR manager of 
professional organisation 
needs a superb organiser to 
help run PR Dept and 
organise press 

conferences. Fast s/h typing 
req'd and excellent personal 
presentation. Relevant 
experience preferred. 


No S/H - to £8,500 

Successful leisure 

organisation seeks Admin 
Support Sec for their 
Property Dept. Occasional 
opportunity to visa sites 
with surveyors. Young end 
fun dept - plenty cl 
socialising. Audio with V/P 
exp prof. Age 20+. 

Bond St Bureau 

22 SisUi NoIlM St, W1 

(Roc Cone) 

623 3832 823 5580 

Too good to be true 
isn’t she? 

We'll haue to puB up 
our socks if she 
stays permanently! 

I of Bond St. 

fta.55bteexr d aorao Rnuridts) 

01-629 1204 , 


• As/ci- 



train on WP 

A multinational CM Company 
tocaied «i SW1 are urgently 
seeking a shorthand secretary 
with knowledge ot mlemalxmal 
letax for ih«r team of ol iradets. 

It you wanl o career which wifl 
otter you nvdvemenl and job 
satisfaction m a hectic 
environ merit as wel as l he chance 
to learn the IBM DiSpLaywniar WP 
then Bus may be lor you* 

It you want to make your next 
move ihe nghi one then can Jo 
Osborne or Clare Strath today. 

01-839 4833 
41 Pali Mail 


[ Vj^ruitrrEnf Cuh^ultantC 


£7,500 - £9,000 phia 

Young, auccauhi. outgoing. 
Socratartos *tw mtond to malra 

1986 thtfrtxKi year ever -wnynoi 

into tha CTBBtMi, txsvgorag 

c^rvnuneauont? We’ra t™ 
SpooaUsts. so conua ua first 




Career position (35+5) very wed 
wwk - own typing - beantiW offices 
to St. James’s. t«t ciass satey 

» with fuff periled an to Bn 
The Times. 


’ •*MC«SSVt5iCJl 

Our cfistiL an imsmaaonaSy 
r™.*d company, need an 
imsfligent »vefi scbfcen luncr 
secretary *»nti «« typing jwnr. 
For iurtnor please 



R-quires French Speaking 
Secretary /Admin Assistant 
Young enthusiastic syreury 
j required with English & French 
ihcrthand and typing. Salary 
ci 6.1*00. Excellent career 

pres pens. 

Apnlv with CV to: 

15 AlbenMews 
Louden \Y8 SKU 




O • 

e 2 responsibto secretaries required. • 
a For busy Fulham & Kensington a 
® E-nale Agents Offices. Salary by • 

2 arrangement. j 

• 01-731 3388 S 

"i i iii ri i i m i im i 


£i?.DOO. 2a— 35. West London. This 
b trie ultimate tb pa positions for an 
extremely writ organised Individual 
noshing ip became an to legal number 
or this ixmous retail concern. You 
will need to be experienced, numer- 
ate. tactful and confident w»h a 
sjmpaunc nature, capable et liaising 
With customers and stafT at alt IcieL* 
Due to continued success and 
(■mansion occasional travel may be 
necessary. Please contact Linda 
Mca«od on 01-439 3054. Fai infold 

secretary Tor otic or ns Assistant 
Solictors a: its Hoad Office in 
London. Good shorttund audio and 
« ord oroeesslna skats combined wiih 
an accurate and meticulous approach 
to uotir cunu Lai. Experience ot Land 
Law contryanclng an advantage. 
Salary rarw At. 130 - £7.906 p j. 
Please write me lost no CV to 
Margaret Harris. Personnel Officer. 
The National Trust. 36 Queen Anne's 
Cate. London. Sw: 9 AS 

opening with a weH4nown manage- 
ment consultants require* a tunhly 
inlctoocnL organised Admin PA. who 
can vs-orV. on own UilUatlve during (he 
director's frequent absence. The 
Scape Is here lo handle as much of Uic 
exhibition organisation os PA has ihe 
poienUal for good secretarial skills. 
22s. £9.000. Contact Audrey Dicker. 
583 1034. Meredith Scan iRecruil- 
men IV 

JAPANESE: Wc have been asked lo 
taocatc a Japanese speaking Asalslanl 
Secretary iw-nh Typing' lo work for 
the Manager of a Hampshire firm. 
\t"c also need someone with totally 
fluent Japanese and some famUiomy 
wiui computer or U pewlter 
keyboards, lo work for on Inter- 
national Omanoalion m London, 
Multi Lingual Services .Recruitment 
Consultants) 0! 836 37SW 5. 

I his esteemed public. Co WC2 tor a 
secretary pa le nn.1i appointed 
man illr Someone interested In 
Investment capable, and cn.-feraaLy 
privately educated. 2 5 33 Salary 

pact-dec approx £10.000 i- consider- 
able mortgage peric. and tares assist- 
ance. Ring Mrs Byzantine Norma 
Skamp Personnel Ol -222 5091 . 

languages Is needed lo assist a young 
i ice- president and base coirilanUv 
With Europe and Ihe L-S. The post 
offer- excellent career prospects 
based In this prestigious International 
mart fling group lo London Salary e 
£7.600 * bonus + generous Co 
perks. Please ring CasUrdata. 01-JB6 
401 1. 

confident PA. would enter working 
for mb senior partner of a Property 
Company. He Is responsible for hotels 
throughout Ihe UK and irasrb exten- 
sively. The special protect Is organ's. 
Ing the firms car fleet which entails a 
good deal of admin. Skills lOO. 50. 
£9.1*30. Contact Audrey Dicker 383 
1 034 . Meredith Scott ■ Recruitment’. 

INTERIOR Design office or tnler- 
nailona! hole! group. Park Lar«. 
seeks mature 40 plus shorthand sec- 
retary. 90 60 with good education 
and impeccable references. To 
C9.QCC1 plus cxceuenl benefits. Please 
phone Lorenzo. MlstpresUge Rec 
Cons. 439 JSCS. 54 Regent St. 

gramme controller, tfi. £9.600 plus 
6 weeks hots. ' cry pressurised nos- 
Itlon - high admin content. Internal A 
external comm un lea lion A lob in 
sink your Iceth into. Please phone 
Harriet. Mnioresuge Rec Cons. TW: 
439 £308. 54 Regent Si 


£6.000+ The lively Mavfair com- 
pany are looking for a bright young 
college leaver lo tcui their Publi- 
cations DepanmenL L'se your typing 
for reports, your Initiative to set up 
office systems aid excellent 
telephone manner when dealing with 
cl km Is. The company otters excellent 
training and promotional prospects, 
super perks and friendly people. 
Typing 45 wpm*. For more Infor- 
mation please contact. Caroline King 
Appointments, on 0 1 -199 8070. 


early JO., for Scientific Organisation. 
E x perience in Commince work-, with 
meetlnfs. agendas and pcrccpUir 
approach essential, obviously reason- 
able shorthand and typing 
Fascinating work content, total 
participation. high level 

confidentiality readily available in 
cnreiTuL chuekly environment! 
c£9.0O0 + lennu courts! Joyce cnvl 1 
Gutness. 01-589 8807 OOIO. Rec. 

OPPORTUNITY for two amtxUoux. 
nosillve Secretaries wno enloy ad- 
ministration. telephone Uason. people 
contact and hard work to loin recrull • 
ment consultancy. Training and 
promotion offered In time. Good 
typing, s. It useful but not essential, 
good education and presentation £7- 
9.000 total remuneration. Please ring 
*CP iRec Corel for further Uvfor- 
tnatlon on 629 0969. 

A NEW YEAR, a new career. c_£B 500 
Wus prof n share, exciting position 
offered lo exs tec, with speeds of 80 
*h + fast typtux assisting charming 
director, lots «• variety, friendly 
■earn. 493 8676. Duke Street Per* 
Rec Cons. 

SECRETARY 'Editorial Assistant. Post 
combines edlional assisant of 
iniematonat RC Ecumenical reli- 
gious Journal, secretarial work and 
office admin in smalt university 
college dept >W 11 Publishing experi- 
ence not essential if wilting to learn. 
WP and shorthand an asset. Typing, 
friendly presence. Initiative essential. 
Salary by negotiation Apply Iran rule 
of spirituality, Heylhrope College 
.London L'nlvcrsllyi. 11-13 
Cavendish Square. Ys lM OAK. 01 
530 6941. 

PUBLISHING to £7050 + Immediate 
review- + exc. prospects. A graduate 
College Leaver is sought by this well- 
known publishing house. Assistance 
a Director, you will become fully, 
Involved al Ihe centre of the editorial 1 
field. As you gain exp. which will 
prepare you for a career in, 
publishing, you will be able la make a , 
brood contribution. Skills 80.-50 
w-pm * audio abiuiv. Synergy, the 
recruitment consultancy. 01-637 
953 S-9 

West ldndon £ 7.500 . a iop sale, 
promotion company seeks a young 
outgoing secretary to an account 
executive. Help set up launches and 
cUem representation*. Friendly, fast 
moving. Informal atmosphere 
Previous advertising or PR experi- 
ence preferred. oOwpm. typing 
ability needed. Rusty shorthand an 
asset Please lelcpnone Elizabeth 
Hun: Recruilmenl Consullarils 240 
3511 240 3531 iWwl End' 240 
3551 iCltyl. 

P^K LANE-As sec lo director of wen SOUTH OF THE RIVER. £7.500. A 
known property co. youit learn small successful c.vpsrters of eon- 

everything about property sumer goods seeks a young admin' 

investment and development, organ- assistant to their Managing Director, 

go his day. toll of telephone contact. You should be numerate and wut be 

4dm In skulls. ICO. SO trained to ope rale a computer, 

a nd W P exp prof. A busy but non- 40wpm typing ability essential. Age 

pressure lob in bcauliful and experience Immaterial, altitude 
surr ound ings. Salary £..000- and personality more Important. 

itO.OOOoae. Ring Tate Apis. 01-408 Please telephone: EUzabelh Hunt 

O' 1 " 4 - Recruitment Consuiiams. 01-240 

SECOND JOBBER. SOMh for SWI 381 1 01-240 3531 i West End'. OI- 

Vintners, with fair shorthand i90';i. 240 3581 'Ciryi. 

good typing, knlpe pc and. or WP KENSINGTON to £9.500. Join this 

Kieasc uric 

3811 01 -2-i 
240 3581 'C 

twill cross-train), enthusiasm and 
flexible approach. Wiu become 
essential pan of hard-working, 
friendly team Involved on aspects 
forward planning. cCS.SOOpa 
fringe benefits and rxceUrnl 
prospects. Joyce Guineas. Ol -589 
8807 OOIO. Rec. Cons. 

FLUENT ITALIAN? c£ 10.000 plus 
bonus. Join this- Major miernaUcna! 
City bank as bilingual secretary in 
i heir capital markets division. 

famous name consumer company as 
administrative secretary. Apart from 
a full secretarial role, you'll have 
your own clooriy defined areas of 
responsibility and a number of ad- 
ministrative prelects lo handle You 
should be a good communicator wlih 
100 60 skills. Excellent benefits 
ofrered Please telephone Elizabeth 
Hunt Recruitment Consultants 24C 
361 1 . 240 5631 twest End.’ 240 3551 

Excellent benefits include mortgage SECRETARY required for expanding 

subsidy, bonus and lunch allowance 
too 70 skills needed and previous 
w P experience. Please telephone 
Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consult- 
ants 240 351 1 .240 3531 I West Endi 
240 3551 ICltyl. 

CHELSEA £9.000. Our cl lent a leading 
product development group seeks a 
secretary to their Research Director 
Lots of variety and you won't be 
deskbound M you set up product 

uilenor design and decorating com- 
pany based in Chelsea, lo help set up 
and be Instrumental In the running ol 
a new trade showroom. A certain 
amount of secretarial back up re- 
quired bv Ihe contend* depart men I 
and showroom manager. A ncal and 
professional appearance Is moil 
importanL Please send ev's lo. 
Virginia Choi mars, 6 Calc SL 
London. SW3. 

launches and 

prelects. 60wpfi> typing ablluv and 
W. P experience needed. Please 
telephone Elizabeth Hurt Recruit- 
rnenl Consultants 240 3511-240 
3531 i West End) 240 3581 ICIU'I. 

research I RECEPTIONIST lo £7 800 Required! 

for luxurious Wt head office of inter- 
rial tonal orotesslonal company. 
Excellent leiephonc manner and pre- 
sentation. some typing 140 wpmi and 
previous reception experience 
essential for Dlls varied position. 
Initiative and confidence are desir- 
able assets and a degree ol maturity 
and »xial awareness. Please 
telephone 01-493 5787. Cordon 

Yales Consultancy . 

RICHMOND PARK. £8.500. Large 
exclusive private hospital seek Sec 
rr-ijry for Consultant. Duties Include 
organizing appointments. I lasing with 
pauenls. elc. You will xbo ploy a PR 
role, helping lo promole Ihe new 
Adolescent Unit lo visjUng VIPs. A 
lovely lob in beautiful surround in ip 
for someone with 90- >1 audio lyrplng 
and. ideally, a medical background. 
Aoc 24+. Please leiephonc 01-493 
5787. Gordon Yates Consultancy. 

This, small thriving P R Co who deal 
with many of the lop hoisehold 
names reed on efficient Secretary 
with WP lo assist Iwo account 
handlers. You will become Involved 
with Press Releases, organise confer- 
ences. lunches and meetings and 
enloy lets of cllrnl contact Malls 
80 60+ essential. For more Infor- 
mation pIca>? contact: Caroline King 
Apoomcm+nls on 01-499 8070. 

c.£8.500 If you arc a young secretary 
looking (or more responsibility and 
have management potential, this 
renowned west End mining organis- 
ation needs your admin expenise. 
You will sail use your good typing 
but will also travel the Uk arranging 
courses and supervising Junior staff 
A le 2S+. typing 50 wpm+ Please 
coni art Caroline King Appointments 
on 409 8070 for more Informs non 

A large west End Advertising Agency 
Is looking far a log class young sec- 
retary lo assist their Personnel Man- 
ager. Your nreif will include hostess- 
ing social functions, Ihe organisation 
at lop management courses and sem- 
inars plus ru screw handling of 
confidential information Age 22+ 

90 55 + WP experience. For more 
Information please contact Caroline 
King AppoLilmenU on 499 8070. 

BANKING. £8.500 + mortgage * 

J erks Excellent opportunity far a 
right. intelligent S. K Sec lo lotn t of 
Hie Clii 's leading merchant bonks. 
Top promotion prose-ins * Involve- 
ment. Lois of let work A- admin work- 
ing for super boss. Aty 21-25. Call 
Kale Vivian on 630 7066. Klngslond 
Pcrs Cons. , 

SEC / NO SH. C'L or 2nd Jobber 
C-.C8.5CiO. Good Sec background incl 
WT* with Typ min 40 wpm. Lois of 
varied A Lnlemllng duties Incl 
compiling own reports, admin & icf . 
liaison. Must or DrighL confident and • 
happy mixing with lop level people 
Call Mar pare I 405 6046 Kingslond 
Pers Com. 

BOOK PUBLICITY ££430 * Immcdi- . 
air review. A College Leaver Is d 
sought by Ihts malor publishing house 
lo asszu In an extremely micrt-nlng 
publicity function. Involved in a 
varied range of act! Miles, you will 
gain exc exp. Skills 80. 60 wpm. E 
Synergy. the recruitment 

consultancy. Ol -637 9633-9. 
market PA SEC me shi wtlh bright 
bubbly nemoeuillly Is sough! by « 
leading W 1 Co Own rorrespondcnci*. 
toLs of client conlaet & vanety ir. 
young friendly depL Exc perlo * 
prospects Age 20+ coll Kale Vivian r 
630 7066. Kingslond Properly Con- 

WP OPERATOR/ AUDIO Required for 
property manager of Public House « 
Croup in W2. Wang exp pref. out will * 
cross train, modern offeces. excellent 
tcnrflls TO qualify for £8. 900 pa 
you will need ta be 20. 25 years 3 . 
enloy tram work For more details * 
phone Tina Cro+er. Cenirocom Staff 
Agency 930 8733. 

30 HOURS PER WEEK lor audio sec- , 
r cl ary 10 work for dineeior of smnii - 
Investment Co. in Piccadilly. Mon-Fn 
9.3Ck4.SOpm. varied duties Inc 
accurate typing- telephone A figure 
wont. £7.250pa. with rev lew aner 6 f 
■Week period LVS & S1T_ Kwiie: 
Tina Crokcr. Caitrecom Staff 
Agency 930 5733 


2 P A/Secretaries required lo 
work with wide vanety of 
publishers and authors. 

Call Helen Gregory 

01-437 9700 


Hectic trade promotion unit SWT. 
requires capable Secretary/typist 
come dogsbody 18+. ‘O' levels, WP 
desirable but training given. c£6,000. 
contact Aadrea GRmt 

01-828 5176 

SECRETARY, senior level, large Inter- 
national city co. shorthand audio 

Excellent ca r eer prospects. £9.300. 
Ref TD8501- Pamela DKJdns. Rec 
Cons 439149V. 

young dynamic co. sotting up videos 
llor with acion, fun crowd, fast 
typing, accurate xh. age 19 plus. 493 
6676. Duke St Para Roc Coos. 

PUBLISHING C £7000 college 
leaver /second jobber 10 assist within 
Fun editorial dept. Ilaae with clients 
sh. 80 good typing 493 8676 Duke 
Street Personnel Rec Cons. 

10 come 10 ihe aid of a busy 50-year-old woman with a sick husband 
and boisterous teenage son? I intently require that one in a million 
person to live with us and assist in aU aspects of running a large 
house and caring for my husband who suffers from long spdUs ofiflness. 
W« Hve In the Harrow/S utnm ore area and can offer you your own 
bed/ sitting room with colour TV and private bath facili ties, the use 
of a car. a generous salary and other perks. Daily help is also kept 
Please only apply if you are certain you can meet this challenge. 
Send details of previous positions bcld to 

Box 1213 N, The Tines 


«5?01-837 1526 and 01-8573774 

‘ University of Warwick 

CHELTENHAM: French travel co 
Marketing Director needs bilingual 
secretary with creative flair A rnlUa- 
nvc Driving licence essential. Salary 
E8K Excellent benefits. TeL' OJ- 
629 9323. Sic u a- Bo yd -Carpenter Ltd 
. Recruitment Consul tan I9i. 

PROPERTY c £7.500. audio see enter 
the exciting world of property In one 
of the very fast -moving departments, 
chat lo clients, train on wp. Young 
crowd, age 19 plus. 493 8676. Duke 
Street Pen Rec ‘Tons. 

PUBLISHERS in KnlghtsbrMge seek 
Sec S T for their Finance and 
Marketing Direct ora. Mat ure 
candidates preferred. £ 10.000 + 
perks. Ann Collett Sec Appu. 229 
2058 221 5173 

ing an experienced See 5 'T for the 
Finance. Dtreclor. A challenging posi- 
tion with excellent condroara. 
£10.000+. Ann ColieB Sec Addis. 
221 51 73 - 229 2068 


Very experienced, educated 
and active Housekeeper/Cook 
required as soon as possible. 
Own luxurious flat, most 
weekends tree. High salary 
paid to right person. 

Please call 491 1495 

(hetman ID am and S pa) 
Plaass writs with rc fe renccE to 153 
Near 8oad SL London Wl. 


once large International Co. C8.SOO. 
Bonus. 2 salary reviews plus 
excellent benefits. Ref. JL4. Pamela 
DicJdns. Rec. Com. 439 1491. 

CHivem WP exp read by aiy based 
American lawyers, salary In excess 
of £9.000. Ring Shirley OH 583 0055. 
Court Assoc. iRec oonl. 

1986 with a Aral -dan lob at a top 
London Co thro u gh Covent Carden 
Bureau. HO Fleet a tree L EC*. 353 

ADMIN SEC to aroanue conference* 
travel elc [or Oil Co. Some *h'd rood 
package e. S3.SOO Rina Linda on 
583 0063. Court AMOC IRec Coni. 



R squires » lively yoaig barperson 
with some experience and know- 
ledge of wines to mik 5 days pw. 
+ some evenings. Prospects of 
promotsm for the right person. 

Please lefephone Ptpa Hale on 
11-673 1440 or 228 8148 

with wmc S H. Must be sports on 
inuuast who's one jump ahead and 
enjoys a winning atmosphere! 
£8.000 Coveni Garden Bureau. 110 
FI eel Street. EC4. 363 7696 

WANG OPERATOR. £8.500. excellent 
perks, early Friday finish. Reference 
JL60 Pamela Dtcklrrs. Rec Com. 439 

^Results Bonus 

Tha targe sryfish Mayfair m- 
tauram. with emartalnmant. wpeifa 
food and one of the best wine fans 
»i tha UK. Please send CV to 


Housekeeper for Luxury 
Apartments in Mayfair 

Exparianca in abidar satabSshmant 
or 5-star Hotel. References 
essential. Immediate start, salary 

Please contact 
Miss Karen Cox 
on 629 6280. 

WANTED. Two Chefs ler high doss 
Indonesian restaurant; at least 10 
years' experience essential: know- 
ledge of Indonesian language 
preferred: - salary negotiable 
according lo experience: accommo- 
dation provided: 3 year contr a ct: 
Phone David on 01-458 2S96 /or 
Interview appotnbnenL 

EXPERIENCED mothers beta re q u ir ed 
far 4 children aged 13 - 4. living 
Chelsea. Driver, dog lover enentlal. 
Live In. Most Wkends off Other help 
Kepi £88 p.w. Tot: 362 0820 or 361 

British Petroleum Fellow in Education and Industry 


Applications are invited for this newly-established Fellowship from 
persons having a record of successful industrial or commerci 
exp^ence ate senior level. Applicants should have demonstrated a 
commitment to the promotion of economic awareness 
people and a capacity to work effectively with thosein education The 
appointment is tenable for three years, preferably from 1st April 1 986, 
with the possibility of renewal. 

The person appointed will be expected to teach on full-time and INSET 
courses and to promote a range of activities further developing 
partnerships between industry, schools/colleges and the Faculty oi 
Educational Studies, which already contains an Education-lnaustr> 

Salary will be negotiable within the Lectureship/Senior Lectureship 
scales: £7,520-£14,926/£14,135-£17,705 ps, (under review). 
Secondment would be considered. Further particulars and application 
forms may be obtained from the Registrar, University of Warwick, 
Coventry CV4 7 AX quoting Ref. No. 20/3 A/85. The closing date for 
applications is 31st January 1986. 

fin Voluntary Liquidation] 
and DM Companies Act 1946 
Creditors of iim abovo nomad 
Company ore required on or before 
Friday me 31 st January 1986 lo send 
their nanus and addresses and particu- 
lars of thdr debts or claims to the 
undersigned Richard Andrew Segal ol 
19 Denehurst Gardens. Woodford 
Webs. Essex. 108 OPA Ihe Liquidator of 
the «ld Company and tf so required by 
notice in wrlnno tram ihe «id Liqui- 
dator are to come In and prove their 
sold debts or claims at such lime or 
Mace os man be specified m such noUcr 
or in default thereof they wtn be 
excluded from the benefit of any distri- 
bution made before such debts ore 

Dated Uils20Ui day of Dece m ber 1986. 



NUMERATE CHEF lo quickly train as 
food buyer of large prestlglatiB 
Moirtair restaurant with superb 
menu using top suppliers of fresh 
seasonal produce. Numerate A -level 
essential, generous salary- prospects 
to become food and beverage man- 
ager. Free lunch. Mon-Frt. to ora to 6 
PU1. Phone 491 2709. 

NANNY - Live- In nanny required, oole 
care of Christophs 1 yr. and 
Samantha 3 yrs. while parents work- 
ing Experience and car driver 
essentUL super accom. excel salary, 
ear provided, animal A country (over 
essential, horse riding & i emits Facili- 
ties avail. Nursery dudes only. Large 
country estate. 10296(623184. 

elegant country residential / conva- 
lescent home In KML 1st rta» self- 
contained flat available, no ob J ecUona 
to husband who follow* own occu- 
pation. Telephone Fordcombe 

£1 BO NNEB GOVERNESS, 264. Saudi 
Arabia for 1 1 yr girt, own suite, lots 
International travel. Fores paid. Ref: 
860774. Call Jam 01-948 4090 
Anglo Continental Bureau (Emp 

CANNES, nanny ■ governea a required 
for 3 year old child. £433 monthly 
plus own separale flat A use of car. 
Fry Staff Consultant*. Aldershot. 
Tel: 0262 316369. 

CORDON BLEU or equtv' expert cook 


The Companies Act 1986 
lo Section 588 of the Companies Art. 
1985 that a Meeting of the Creditors of 
the above named Company will be held 
at The Avon Gorge Hotel. Sion HDL 
Oman. Bristol, an Thuraday the 23rd 
day or January 1986 at 12 o'clock 
noon, for Ute purposes mentioned m 
Sections 689 and 690 of the said Art. 
Dated bus 20tti day of D« amber 



Unrvfrsity of Hoag Kong 


Appltrahnm are Invited for a 
Senior LecWirHIP /Lect u re s hip In 
the Department of Ptrofttssfonol 
Legal Education. The Department 
Is responsible lor prartic*orlanted 
studies leading to the Po s t gradu ate 
Certificate In Laws, undertaken by 
graduates intending to become 
lawyers. lA separale Department at 
Law is responsible tor undergrad- 
uate studies leading to the Bachelor 
of Laws degree.) The Faculty plans 
lo commence leaching for a Mas- 
ter's Degree. 

Applicants should possess a pro- 
fessional qualification, a good de- 
gree in law. an interest in and ca- 
pacity for research and experi e nce 
of practice in Hong Kong or a simi- 
lar Jurisdiction. Applicants with 
any fleki of interest win be con- 
siderad. but preference Is likely lo 
be given lo an applicant obto to 
leach commercial Law and Prac- 

Annual salaries isuperanmiabl*) 
are on tnc scabs; Senior Lecturer 
HKS2SO .260-336. ISO <9 polntsi 
(£2 1 .760-29,230 approx). Lecfurer 
HKS 160.980-269.100 111 points) 
i£ 1 4.00023.400 approx). (Sterling 
equivalents as at December lO. 
1985.) (Starting salary will depend 
on quaimcatlons and experience. 
Al current rates, salaries lax will 
not exceed 17% of gross Income. 
Housing benefits at a rental of 7!yh> 
of salary, children's education al- 
lowances. leave, and medical Dene 
fits ore provided.) 

Further particulars and 
application forms may be obtained 
from the Secretary General, 
Association of Commonwealth 
Universities (Appts), 36 Gordon 
Square. London WC 1 H OFF, or 
from the Appointments Unit. 
Secreiary's Office. University of 
Hong Kong. Hong Kong. Closes 
15 February 1 9S6. 

Doivresnc and catering 


VALET A.D.C. 10 yean exportanre. 
public tchool educated. «*la pasmon 
home and abroad. TcL 01-499 5146. 
Castle Domestics. 75 New tad SL 
London w l . 

FRENCH GIRL. 18. seeks an an pair 
lob. London. Feb lo April included. 
Write to Nathalie Spanagle. 2 rue des 
E coles. 57 1 40 WOIPPY. France. 


for further Info. 

offers M ' helps. Dams, all Hve-ln 
•toff. UK & Overseas. An Potr 
Ajymcy^LbL 07 Repent SL London. 

MOTHERS help wanted, central 
London, lo help with 3 children and 
some light housework. Own room 
with TV , 0 1 -624 9039. 



Residsntial Letbngs 

Superb Opportunities lor 

Negotiators in 
Kensington and 
St John’s Wood 

Due to our continuing 
expansion we require 
additional Negotiators to 
join our highly successful 
team. Career opportunities 
lor people with Initiative, 
self-motivation and 

enthusiasm, which together 
with hard work will be richly 
rewarded. Experience 
preferred, but not essential. 
Contact Pamela Berend, 8 
Woffington Road, London, 
NWB. 01-7227101. 



Articulate, literate and te&ponsible 
secretary requretl lor West End En- 
gation lawyer. Mixed and interesting 
caseload ui com! on able high-tech 
office ad jo in mg Royal Academy. 
Litigation experience essential, pto 
willingness to work in team of four 
secretaries supporting tour fee earn- 
ers. Age - ptoOaMy over 25. Salary - 
£8.800 negotiable plus overtime and 
free lunches. 

Contact Reh KS 
01-434 3445 

Monash University 
Melbourne, Australia 






Application* ore trolled for a chair 
In tha Department of Accounting 
and Finance. The Choir haa 
become vacant as a result of Ihe 
redgnaUon of Professor RJL 
Officer AnpUcants should have 
research and leaching Interests in 
one or more of the areas of business 
finance, management accounting. 
Information system* and data 
processing, financial accounting 
and auditing. 

Salary: SAET.OS6 per annum. 
Superannuation. travel and 
removal allowance, and temporary 
housing assistance. 

Enquiries of an academic nature 
should ba addressed to Profesaor 
C-O Pelrson- ihe Chairman of Ihe 

Information on application 
procedure and further pa rt i cu lars 
may bo obtained front Ihe 
Registrar. Monash University. 
Clayton. Victoria 3168. Australia, 
or Ihe Secretary CeneraL 
Association of Commonwealth 
Universities CAppCsL 36 Gordon 
Square. London WC1H OPF. 

A pot tea bom should reach the 
Registrar not later than 28th 
February 1986. Council reserves 
the rirtit to make no appointment 
or to appoint by invitation al any 




Applica t ions are Invited for a Lec- 
tureship In live Department of Phys- 
ics at Brunei University- The post 
will Involve research in one of (he 
Deportment's existing fields, par- 
ade defector devetopmenL laser 
appttcatkxa or the not-destnicUve 
testing of materials, but preference 
win be given lo c andid ga m able to 
Nay a laading reto In a newty -estab- 
lished codaboraHve research pro- 
gramme on Laser tedmotogy wttn 
British Aerospace pic. The Lecturar 
wfO also be expected lo contribute 
fully to the Department's teaching 
activities at the undarwaduate and 
postgraduate levels. 

Candidates umM Have a good 
undenpaduala degree in physics, 
an appropriate postgraduate auaUfl- 
caBon and postdoctoral experience, 
preferably of coDaboraUve re- 
search In a large national or inter- 
national kUNXatory- 

BUttai salary, which win depend 
upon quaUOcauons and experience, 
wtn be wlthta the range £7.520- 
£14,925 pa (Under review) plus 
£1.297 London Allowance. Appli- 
cants rtiould preferably be under 
the age of 32 on 1 January 1986. 
Starting dale: i May 1986 or as 

SEEKING Experienced coin cut on In 
expert. At least 3 years experience. 
Please submit samples of work and 
resume of experience to house of 
Broomfield. Fan Court. Longcross. Nr 
Chertsey. Surrey. 

WANTED. 2 InleUlgwiL numerate 
hard working persons for receptionist 
and help In ve/y busy OPDCURS. Wl. 
Good pay for right people if they can 
do the too Phone 631 lOOO. 

Company requires reUabie robust 
young person lor part-time or 
permanent outdoorr garden recon- 
struction work. Tel! Ol -38S 6968. 

LDNDON MA G A ZI NE requires experi- 
enced advertising Soles Person. 
Haste, wus commission. £17.000 p.a. 
Tel. 82) 1253. Rer.flW. 

REDUNDANT managers A executives. 
Phone Malcolm sern on 01-734 

To advertise in 
please telephone 
01-837 3311 
or 3333 

Or twi mj.r HTirriiK 

Times Newspapers Ltd 
Classified Dept 

London WC1 8BR 


The college propos e s, should there 

be a suitable' candidate. u » meet a 

F el low and Tutor in PoUbci with 
•ftoct from I October 1986. The 
mwolubnenL tenable with a 

University Lectureship <CUF] under 

the Board of the Faculty of Social 
Studio, ta open lo Both men and 

Further particulars are obtainable 
from the Warden of Merton 
College. Oxford. OKI 4JD. to 
wham appUcanous should be sen) 
by Monday 30 January 1986. 
giving the names of three irfn w u 
who have signified their 
wUUngaeaa to act. 

Further totonnaBon and atmH- 
aukxi tonn may be obtained Bum 
the Person n el S ecre t ary. Brunei 
University. Uxbridge. Middlesex, 
UB8 3PH. on receipt of a seif-ad - 
dressed envelope. Closing date: 14 
February 1986. 

University of Warwick 



Appttca Uons are invited for a 
R e se a rch Fellowship in Bayesian 
Forecasting in me Department of 
Sfadstica. far three years begtnalna 
In early 1986. 

The Research Fellow will lotn Lttv 
research group m Bayesian Time 
Series Analysis and Forecasting on 
a protect supervised ay Dr M. West 
and Professor P j. Hantaan In the 
areas of non-ttnear modeffihg. 
forecast assessment and 

Much of the applied work In the 
forecasting group is basod an micro 
co mputer) using the APL 
programming language. Applicants 
have huareds or experience 
I n pra ctical forecas t ing. Bayavten 
■caustics and mlcro-coaiputlng. 
Puugiaduate quaUflcatlans in 
related dtadpttnes are desirable. 

slthaugh applications from good 

honou rs g raduates with relevant 

experience are also encouraged . 

SaUrywin be on R e s ear ch Range 
** CT380412.180 pa funder 


Application forms and further 
**’£"“*' be obtained from 
‘ J™ Refltalrar. Unlvenuy a t 
w^wjek. Coventry CV4 7Xi 
quoting Ref. No 20/4A/BS--J. 
^bMcanons shtHda be submitted as 
soon as possible and In any case not 
iISJ* l4n February 1986. 

A ppli cants who are ia 

" boy* da te should send a 
OiiiU-Uluu, vitae and a Brtrt 

University of London 

jointly with 




A new post for a lecturer in health 
economics has been created knotty 
between me London Genoa! af 
Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 
Evaluation and Planning Centre far 
Haiti) Core, and the London 
School of Economics and Pannul 
Science. Danartitient of Soda) Sci- 
ence and Administration. The post 
ts particularly omeer ned with: 

(oi the development of a new MSc 
in Health Planning and Financing, 
to be organised MiMy by the two 

fb) the oDDdcabori of health econ- 
omics In health planning, ec o n om ic 
•valuation and health financing In 
less developed countries. 

Candidates should have had train- 
ing !n health economics and hove 
worked In health planning, evalu- 
ation and flnandng. tndlidlng ex- 
p c r ie n cM In less develo p ed coun- 

This past wtn he based al the 
London School of Hygiene and 
Tropical Medicine and leaching 
duties Wtn not be more than half- 
time ol either school Appointment 
will be on the mit ve csl tfes' torturer 
scale £6865 to £16620 Hinder re- 
view) ptus £1297 London Weight- 
ing. with member sh ip of USS. 

Please write With futi curricu 
turn vitae and the name s of three 
referees to the Personnel Office. 
London School of Hygiene and 
Tropical Medicine. Keppei Street. 
WC1E 7HT from whom further 
particulars ore avaftowo. Ctostng 
dote; 24 January 1986. 

University or Oxford 
In association with Trinity College 


AppttcaUons are Invited for the 
above research fellowship, in the 
IteM of the theological or philo- 
sophical study of mysticism and 
fungous experience, cram gradu- 
ates with some experience of re- 
search. The fellowship, which car- 
rlesan Initial stipend of £6.000 per 
■union tristng by £260 In ogrti 
subsequent year) wtth CI.S.S super- 
annuation. ts teniMe for three 
years wtth effect from 1 October, 
1966. and will be held in assert- 
atton wlm a Junior Research Fel- 
towship at Trlntty CoUege. 

Further details may be obtained 
from me Secretory- Theology Fac- 
ulty Office. Pussy Strait. Oxford 
0X1 2LA. to whom applications. 
Including fuB curriculum vltoe. 
name and addresses of three ref- 
erees and a summary not exaedlng 
300 words of the pr upo ee d res ea rc h 
should be sent not later than 4 
February 1986. 

r : -' ' 

Over 1-3 mUIioa of the most 
afRuem people in the country read 
the classified cofamms ofTheTones. 
The following categories appear 
regularly every week, and arc gen- 

orafly accompanied fay rderam 
editorial articles. 

llsethe coupon (right), and find 
oat haw easy, last and economical 
5! is to advertise In The Times 

MONDAY E da ca tie n: University 
Appointments, Prep. & Public School 
Appointments, Educational Courses. 
Scholarships & Fellowships. 

TUESDAY Conpoter Horizons: a 
comprehensive guide to the 
computer market 
Legsl Appointments: Solicitors, 
Commercial Lawyers, Legal Officers, 
Private & Public practice. 

WEDNESDAY Lr Creae de b 

Creme Seaclarial/PA appointments 
over £7,500. General secretarial 
Property: Residential, Commercial, 
Town & Country, Overseas, Rentals. 

THURSDAY General Appoint- 
ments: Chief Executives, Managing 
Directors, Directors. Sales and Market- 
ing Executives, Public ..Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. Including a 

new classification entitled Fraud*! 
ud Accoontancy Appemtmoits. 

FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 
buyers’ guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

» P«NO p OSTAGE-s- a ,. ; n»7^ aAf „ 


Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc, to small and large 

companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Ovenetslhml: 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises, Car hire. U.K. Trawl: Hotels, 
Cottages, Holiday kte. 




TELEPHONE (Daytime) 

i ttttt. SSfa rtey Mateofo. ctasawt 
rree»«, Ixmtfoq mq <Br. 


THEUNiyraary of leeds 



Appficshons ara InvitBd for tta Bitti Heart Foundation Chafirof 
Canfiovascutar Stucfies, vacant upon thareftwiwrtof Professor 
Unden, Th*. Chair, established endowment from the 
Brfflah Heart Foundtokvvb in a department 'wHdi b widely ■' 
recofirt3«d tor phystotooieal rossarch andtpe efinieaisppaealjon of 
basic cardiovascular adencs. • ‘ ^ 

Appftar^ should have an e«8bfished ropuwton In cartfiovaacular- 
research and. prefwWbty, an inter eat in.fyv} apprecrafoao of. ttw .. 
cNnfcal relationships of such research. For a suitably quaHfiad 
osntikiBto with a strong toMcaT background, access tadhVcaJ work 
In aaeodadon with an horarary contract at consultant level wtfbe 
avaBabla. The salary wB be qntha approp ri a te professorial scale. 

Further particular! may 6* obtained from the Registrar, th* - 
Unhandy, Lmds LS2 9JT, quoting retarenca nti(nb«B'~U>5/2ft. •: 

. Applications (two copies) ghrfog detafaof age, quaflflcmions and 
, exparimcg and Medical Dtfww A se o cta a to n, and naming ttw 
.referees should reset] toe Registtzrno tetertoan 14 March 19M. 
AppBeantalroin oversea may apply in the tost Instance by 
cable, taming three re fe r ees , pre t arafa lyta the United Kingdom. . 

of treading 



Applications are invited for the National College Pro- 
fessorship of Food Technology which will become 
vacant on 1 October .1986'. • S . '-V ' . 

The University is seeking to appoint a Professor whose 
principal interests lie within food processing and preser- 
vation and who is able to provide academic leadership 
In that area In particular. Apphcationsfrom candidates 
who have experience in, pr vrafi-estabDshed links with, 
the food industry will be welcome.- 
Further Informatfoh.fnay, be obtained from the Regis- 
trar, Room 212, Whlteknitfits House, The University, 
P.O. Box 217, Wbfteknights, Reading, RG6 2AH. The 
closing date for applications is 31 January 1986. 

Trinity College 


The Erasmus Smith's Chair of Modem History, which carries the 
Hasdshto of Ihe Department of Modem History. w8 became vacant 
on 1 October 1986; Mowing the retirement of Professor K. G. 
Davies. ' 1 - 

Applications ere hvftwl from candldafas from eny branch at 
Modem HStnyrbUtcvnSdatBS with an Merest 'm Modem British; 
European. Amertcan or Conunonwealth History wfll be panicMaily 
welcome. _ - ■ 

Furthw partculars may be obtained from; - 

G. Kti. GUrap, Secretory to the Coflega, 

West Theatre, Trlnay Cottage, 

Dubih2. . • . 

to whom formai oppflcafron may be made, preferably not later than 
15 February 1986. 

,|5f. THE 


Applications as touted tor, the Lucas 
Chair to Systems 

EngtaHttaB wwtLesWiWw to the 

department of Aaronataks tod 
AstronaJbcs through the gmsajs 
stpport of Lucas Aerospace litnftM. 
AppUcants thoM haw research 
interest wWw the broad ftefcf of 
aerospsca wstens ongtoaering: 

Further details may be ottatoed from, 
Tha Secretary and RogWrar. Ttu 
Unrvarefy. Sutesiqtion. SOfl 5W. 
te whom appScaSons (11 capes frtjB 
parsons o the UJCJ should baser* by 
27ft Jama? 1886. Please qtoXs 

_ Southampton 
l»i the 
' 5yg}:v UNIVERSITY 


mu uoc beaHtw. Adsmoiauiv. 
• iBwEawr*wtiw)i«i*«« 
maiWS « Jr. aw* ttnata » 


A guide to 
career choice 

A bright future in Futures? 


01-837 1326 or 01-8373774 

When Farideb Bromfield graduated 
six years ago hev university careers 
service could provide only one page 
of information on - careers in com- 
modities. The topic is still not wdfl- 

eoven-d in careers boots. 

• The commodity firms hare hardly 
been ■ prolific .writers of careers 
material iaraly because they began 
as small family concerns not needing 
to publicize themselves. The situation 
has changed; organizations will sent 
careers information on request This 
lack 'df general awareness does, 
however, help firms to recruit The 
right staff, those who display initiat- 
ive in finding out about opportunities 
and perseverance in following up 

!. Farideh is head of research at E D. 
& F. Man, one of the world's leading 
sugar traders and a firm which also 
covers “softs” (sugar, coffee, cocoa) 
arid metals. She graduated in econ- 
omics^ took a master’s in develop- 
ment economics, saw her first job - as 
a research analyst - advertised in The 
Economist and eventually moved to 
her present employer and to head of a 
team responsible for providing a. 
service to. the company's traders and 
ultimately to clients. 

- Commodities research is less well 
established than investment analysis 
for instance. But with the expansion 
of commodities trading — firms may 
deal with as many as 40 different 
commodities and with many different 
countries - it has become essential. A 
research department has to provide 
an -objective analysis of the market, 
from information, which in Farideh ’s 
company is gathered from contacts in 
all the major trading countries, from 
traders who pass on information and 
by calling agents in die producing 

Collecting and analysing infor- 
mation is her primary task but it is 
equally important for Farideh to be 

It is vital in this job to be 
a good communicator 

able to explain its implications. She 
may do so by world of mouth, by 
compiling in-house reports or by 
writing tailor made reports on specific 
topics. . . 

• In all cases she must be a good 
communicator. To be a good analyst 
it is not enought to understand 

London is one of the world’s main 
commodity trading centres, both tor 
physicals, the actual transaction of a 
physical commodity, and for futures 
which involve a promise to buy and 
sell a given quantity at a contractually 
agreed price at a future date. It is the 
term futures, says Farideh. that baffles 
people. ■ She adds: “The Stock 
Exchange is relatively easy to 
! understand, but people can’t grasp 
bow you can promise to sell before 
you have actually bought-” 

Beryl Dixon finds you 
need to use your 
own initiative to 
go into commodities 

Farideh Bromfield: 

Head of research 

Softs are traded at the London 
Commodity Exchange, metals at the 
London Metal Exchange, and al- 
though physicals are usually traded 
directly between buyer and seller, 
futures are traded across a market 
floor by • what is known as “open 
outcry”, necessitating all firms being 
housed in a small area. Working in 
commodities entails a career spent 
not only in London but largely in 

There are basically two types ot 
commodity company: trade houses 
and commission houses. The former 
are involved in both physical and 
future transactions, both for them- 
selves and for their clients. Though 
there are specialists concentrating in 
only a few commodities the trend is 
for companies to diversify. Com- 
mission bouses concentrate largely on 
futures business and principally on 
behalf of clients. 

As far as jobs are concerned. 
Farideh as a graduate is not typical. 

Most firms are small. The larger 
ones have an>average of only 1 SO staff 
and many believe in catching tbeir 
employees young and training them 
but this does vary from firm to firm. 
Researchers are normally graduates in 
appropriate disciplines; floor traders, 
who are often described as needing 
the talents of a barrow boy usually 
begin their careers at 16 or 1 S and are 
often burnt out at 30. having made 
their fortunes and retired or moved to 
less strenuous work. 

Floor traders are the visible people 
- physically present on the market 
floor." trading at the tops of their 
voiced, sent by member companies to 
the relevant exchanges to buy and sell 
as instructed or as they see fit. But. to 
the London Commodities Exchange 
they are only the tip of the iceberg. 

OS' the floor are the back office and 1 
desk traders, the decision-takers, 
glued -to their videos, monitoring 1 
price changes and phoning instruc- 
tions on the New York or other 
exc h a n g es worldwide as well as to the 
London floor traders. 

Further up the ladder come the, 
senior traders, monitoring the activi- 
ties on the various desks and 
responsible for the large client liaison 
work. Also behind the scenes are the 
researchers who may specialize 
in either fundamental research - 
weather, crops, currency fluctuations, 
political developments or technical 
analysis - charting and predicting 
short-term price movements and 
therefore, most heavily used by 

Researchers are usually bright 
young economics or statistics gradu- 
ates. but traders have a variety of 
backgrounds. Academic qualifications 
are less important than other qual- 
ities, and though the companies which 
recruit graduates can and do lake their 
pick of the brightest, they are not 
normally interested in the subject 
studied for a degree. Two of the top 
traders in one company are in fee t 
graduates in languages and history. 

A good floor trader needs skills that 
do not come with a degree nor even 
with A levels. “Streetwise" is a 
definition that crops up frequently as 
an alternative to “barrow boy”. The 
essentials are a quick mind, self-confi- 
dence. a knack with figures and an 
instinct for a good buy. Languages can 
be useful. 

French is commonly used in 
international trading but any language 
might come in useful at some point. 
Ana one of the most important 
qualities is the ability to thrive under 
pressure. Rewards for the right people; 
are exceptional. Good traders can 
earn six figure salaries while still in 
their twenties and become managing 

These companies are 
dominated by men 

directors before thirty. Because of the 
blend of skills required by traders, 
background is not important. 

There is no requirement to have 
been to the right school or to 
Oxbridge and a mixture of accents is 
not unusual on the trading floor. 

Like the rest of the City, commodi- 
ties companies are largely dominated 
by men. Farideb Bromfield still 
remembers her first day at work when 
she walked into an openplan office 
occupied by 100 young men in three- 
piece suits. But sbe is proof that it 
does not now have to be a man's 

• Further information: The London 
Commodities Exchange Company 
Ltd. 58 Mark Lane. London EC3R 
7NE; the Fedcratio of Commodity 
Associations. Plantation House. 
Mincing Lane. London EC3M 3HT. 


Italian Language School 
for Foreigners 

Language and cultural courses 
lasting from 2 weeks to 3 months 
in Florence Cortona and by the 
sea. Accommodation with a 
family or in hotels. 

Regniratm and information: 

Row-Vh deTaadofisa 27 

50122 Firenze. Italy 
Tel. 010/39/55 265088 



The Governors wish to appoint a Bursar with 
effect from 1 April 1986 (or earlier if possible;. 
Candidates should have appropriate accounting 
and administrative experience. 

Further details may be obtained from the 
Headmaster, Carmel College, Mange well Park, 
Wallingford, Oxfordshire 0X10 8BT to whom 
application should be made together with the 
names and addresses of two referees. 


IFounOad in 1809) 


Sma) Family Co£*se in Central London 
' Mos!su&«acK 
Eaoenenert. OisW'U) Tuars 
’ Wty Equooed Letntmnes 
‘ Law Stoay Area 

6 ted 12 moran conn sun n January 
UTX. W3 Grart RkmH 3M. 
Uotfao wem 3UL Tet 01-500 *676 

(with a Royal Medical Foundation) 


The Council of Epsom College Kill shortly be appointing a 
Secretary to succeed Squadron Leader WJj. Thompson on b;s 
reiimncni during the second half c.F 1 966 
The Secretary to the Council is responsible far the 
administrative routine of the governing body of die College and os. 
Committees, the maintenance of the accounts of the medical 
charity and its related Trusts Funds, case work in connection with 
the medical and educational chanties of the College, investment of 
College and chan table funds and the supervision of fund raising for 
the School and the medhsl charity. 

The salary will not be kss than £! 2,000 p^. and the appointment 
is pcnstonaM*. 

Application farms maj be obtained Trent the Secretary to the 
Council. Epson College. Epsom, Surrey. KTI7 4JQ. 




01-837 1326 or 01-8373774 


Official French Government Establishment 
Native French teachers - high quality courses 
10-week Intensive Course (start 13 Jan.) 
Evening Courses, Business French and Translation. 
Bilingual Secretarial College. 



14 Cram wet] Place, London, SW7 2JR 
Tel: 01-589 6211, Ext 42 
01-581 2701. Ext 21 

Sol-837 1326 and 01-837 3774 01-837 1326 or 01-8373774 


ta conjunction »wtti 



a p l* M tin M am tovded from those 
•ertrio n »■ hunches to physical 
dxntttty, ana as tadars win physics 
an a bcfcgy. far a UrtveisCy 
Lacfenahip. » be IwH w*» a Tutor* 
FetaoNp to BafM CoOegs. 
and Momtoto. wton to Picfmir J. & 
RowSrson. Physical Owwatry 
.laboratory, South Paris Rost. Orient, 



Temporary Lectureship 

AppucaStoas ere invited nn 
voattftad aodat yortcera v*ho are 

abo graduates In toner aociaiegy or 

pmtwMar for a Temporary 
LacWrasHP la Or# School or Social 
Work teoaMe from aa early a riaU 
as jiir -TTiTr id Sepcamhw So 1968. 
AapHo Bi ta snootri be able to ettrr 

tractates In naeTMery an* Praams 

n i p 1 ■if * 


i|» s : ':-THK: • 



Applications m Nw0ed torihe Chan 
to French. Applicants mg jaw 
research attests m any field to 
scholarship appro pria te to a Depart- 
ment to French. Further deads may 
be obtained from tee Secretary S 
Registrar. The Urnwredy. Soith- 
ampten. SOfl SNH. to atom 


C noose Iron the mou 
comprehensive range ol coiascs 
with the hlohast recograsod 

Full time an d Pari tune/Evenng 
comas commencing January 
Also tuior-gulded Correspondence 

Ring, write or coU lor 



Send for Information from: 


Hi Ilham pton House, Sunningdale, 

Berks SL5 9QR. Tel 0S90 24045 
International group of prestigious lecturers in Art History 
and Conservation. Four and six weeks study in Rome 
this spring from March 24th. Few places remaining. 


The demand for the trained men or woman ctaropodin in toe private 
sector is increasing. Mow of toe training necessary to qualify for e 
Diploma m Chiropody may be taken at home by very specis&sed corre- 
spondence lessons. Fuff practical facStsee are atso provided. You are 
invited to write for the free booklet from: The Secretary of the 
School of Chir op od y . The Smae Institute (established 191 9), The 
New Halt. Maidenhead. Berkshire, SL6 4LA. Tel: Maidenhead 
[0628} 32440 (or 21100 24-hra) (7631}H 

LEARN ARABIC In the Brtttata- 
Ktnnrae Association Arable Sctaool 
at David Came Tutorial CotXye. 
Adults or cnudian- Sraau ria™t at 
*u l«v«is. OT snvate wtm 36 
Broropton Road. London SWT. Tet 

“tfikliiH Cattrses tor toe UeUi ersIty of 

IN 1986? 

InHal iaTe:l [TTitr. -i liihJ . 

UCCA ar MyT GrsdnMB? 

HOW IS THE TIME ta remit 
ns tar expen assessment Bad 
guidance. Free brochure: 

-II 90 Gloucester Ptoce.Wl 

• • • 01-935 5452 [24 hn) 


St Joseph's Hall, Oxford 

• High success • Laboratory 

rate and compilers 

• Small Group • 3-tem and 1-term 

tuition ccurses 

■ Private tutorials - Hall of Residence 
Recognised by BAC 

PRIVATE TUITION offered In all 
setaool and A le\el subjects. Qualified 
Inacherm. competitive rates. R and P 
TUtorlnp Aaency. Licence No SE 
6660. TeJ 'aaynme* 01-736 9077. 
leva): 0I-73601«4. 

HOW TO WRITE, sell, and ho 
published. Free bookJrl Irom 
successful writers school. Frcrjoa 
TT6 ’ 6. London E14 7EL. 

One-term crrtinrate course Staruncj 
7 January. Prospectus - It 
Dunr aven Street. Perk Lane. London 
WlV 3TE. Tet Ol-62» Z9Q«. 

THE LONDON Academy or Graph- 
otogy Is starting tuition for beginners 
on Monday Z3!h January. For 
further InlormaBon rllW 01-361 
749® or <03721 67437. 

PRIVATE TUTORS In your district. aQ 
■c h o ol subjects, all levels. Education 
UnJ drilled iTT>. Tuiors London wide. 
T<± Ol -390 1312 and 01-390 4634. 

WHICH SCHOOL? Free sduc* Inn 
Truman A Krughllcy. Tfi rrCi Not I Urn 
HD! Cate. Wl t. 01-7Z7 124Z. Telex*. 
268141 <Prt TKl 

ST JAMES’S Secretertel College. Vari- 
ous courses start Jan. April and Sept 
Prospectus: Mrs Haig 4 Welherby 
Cdns. 5W5. 01-373 3832 

BONHAMS lO wtc full lime Lectures 
on SOOt c Visual Arts Starts 1 Hh 
Jan. Apply Pnnclpal 584 0667. 

es. 01-836 JJSiSiBeiair. to Denmark 
SL London. WC2. 



Appucaitona an toretori tar o cnair 
in ttM Dana itrawt of Mechanical 
E uu i u cOT te n mm candMaiea irem 

tnproutda teade r aton to i sin eh 
Partner parnaBan and appn- 
cteton forma era airanaWi tan tea 
Staff orttcm Haetavwwt 


l»: 1 1 



AMritcadoina aw. ttirita* tar *n 
SEWC arntel rhuniiiLfnra) i m aairtn 
pcautaa tenable W t mm y nr* 
starting lri S stetoMT »• 
cotmot ir cmnNBbnO to Wats wSb 


London (KCK) 

. ALUM NI . 


Knowtads* of phvrical and modal 
nandlcap would be an advantao*- 

rmmi salary win rtehmri on 

■ala ry. MUeMPt effceova from 
AtaS. 11988. 

rattwc paroerdara from Ota 
Rc^atrOT tAypo to t ma nte). 

UMucnrity ar Lricaster. Untwrany 
Raad. LatamtOT LEI TRH. to whan 
1 »n-» abwnM he ret urn ed fry 
January .31 1986. tatarmal 

Director of ttw School of Social 
Wot*. P w f wwr Nod Ttnuraa. 107 
Prtaeaaa Read Ea«. Lricaater LEI 
7LA OaMMM COD3J 8846071. 

University of Oxford 


AwDolMa are tnvttod bom can- 

. dUM wBh-peto-ridewral met- 

Pre£a*or ,on« a 

drop aiiUiOaLOTd 

mguaieto Btaparo 



bacMruund and — 

-wttb word | ytvt« W tn a/Wl lHH tfa- 
rtead raeora aagrtng. 

»nr wbMn the acate tejOts.- 
aBnaateMU ttaria 


- wmm Hrtr ta wrftBtg att 


Perepoodl Officer,- 
King's CoHegc, 

London (KQO. ' 

Strand, London WC2& 212 
by 14th Saaxmrr 1985. ■ 

moilta Kate C7A2CX£I6J66. 
The amcBtai cawHflata may a* 
catered a apacMl r«ntt» ui SL 
ErirauzalHan and 8 — ftotewd teBf 
ta um e n f at Enter rmte g c, 

' DriUbiiaytesMlMMita* 


pjp> Leicester Polytechnic 

Water Control Unit 

Research Fellow 

Computer Control of Water Supply 
A Senior Researcher is required to join a 
team working on advanced control 
methods. The work will be performed in 
collaboration with the Severn Trent 
Water Authority and is also supported by 
the Science and Engineering Research 
Council. The project is concerned with 
both the development and practical 
application of computer algorithms 
covering simulation, optimisation, 
modelling and prediction techniques. 
The candidate shou/d preferably hold a 
Post-Graduate Degree covering control 
engineering, mathematics and 
computing, together with relevant 
research and/or industrial experience. 

The appointment is initially for a period 
of three years, with a starting salary on 
the RA IB Scale £7,926 to £12,705 p.a. 
(pay award pending) depending on 
qualifications and experience. It is 
expected that the candidate will be 
available to start by March 1986. 
Additional information may be obtained 
from: Dr. B. Coulbeck, Reader fn Control 
Systems, Director of Water Control Unit. 
Tel (0833) 543062. 

Ap pSca tion forms and further 
particulars from: Personnel Office, . 
Leicester Polytechnic, PO Box 143, 
Leicester. TeL (0533) 551551, ext 2303. 

Applications are welcome from suitably qualified and/or 
experienced people regardless of race, ethnic origin, 
religion, sex. marital status or disabriiiy. 





Research Fellowship 
in Mathematics 

The Colkse proposes to den s Junior Research Fdlow in Mathematics 
for three yean with effect from 1 October 1986. Candidates may be 
in r esearch in any branch of pure or applied mathematics 
(including mathematical togic and mathematical aspects of statistics or 
c om p uta tion)- 

The stipend win be £6340 per annum with superannuation, with free 
nirah and rooms (or, in the case of a married Fellow, a housing 

Apphatrions should be sent to the College Secretary. Balliol College, 
Oxford 0X1 3BI, from whom Amber details may be obtained, not later 
ihaa Saturday IS January 1986. 



Junior Research Fellowship 
in Modern Languages 

PREPARATORY AND ® 01-837 1326 
PUBLIC SCHOOLS 30(1 01-8375774 



(GIRLS 5-18) 

Applications are invited for the post of 


which will become vacant from I st January 1 987 upon 
the retirement of the present Headmistress, Mrs N. Silver, 

There are S42 tirls in the Senior School including a 
Sixth Form of 1 12 and and 223 in the Junior School. The 
Head has responsibility for both Senior and Junior 
Schools. Salary: Burnham Group 10. 

The School participates in the Government's Assisted 
Maces Scheme. 

For further particulars and an application form write to 
The Secretary. The Girts* Public Day School Trust, 

26 Qoeea Anne’s Gate. London, SWJH 9AN. Closing 
dale for applications: Friday, 24th January 1986. 





are invited (or Qw 

jvfewEp b apra to men and women studying one or more European 
tawgpiy*. or their Bteraures, at the graduate at posl -doctoral fcvtL 

Hr stipend «iB be £6,340 per annum with superannuation, with free 
meals and rooms (or. is fee case of « married FeOow, a housing 


XMtafcflPMM TtieSucewitar 
6. ABUUI court. ECOM 7SU 


Oiaritr - 1- The Cottas* Hones 
Enanwjnent mna. 

2. TB* Jam Good many Endowment 
Fund. _ _ ^ 

Apohatioas should be sent to the ( 
OxfisdOXi 38J frtan *bom fimher 
than Saturday 25 la&BD* 1986. 

Secretary. Baffid College, 
may be obtained, not later 

ML UMOO. 3Wiv 6 Art (rei: 

Open and 


&aminalkins wfl fas raid as 

Open scholarships 

■wio'4Pli , i c viuj; ; 

Music scliolarstiips 
18th Feteuaiy IffiS 

AS details available Ircm 

Tte Registrar. 

Bedtort School. 





Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-837 3333 or 33li 







It SYDNEY ** uamuoc* 

» mtm ** . brobane* 

* HOBART ** A im .AXW * 

* jo-buhg ** fcAFisu ^ 

* auckuw ** Munqrm*. 

*nR ** port Moresby * | 

* awocoK ** -Totem * otacouirrs uc/e 

* SINGAPORE ** MANIA* last. FHsMboafcar*. 

* DUBAI ** BA HRAIK * t 



LOW COST FutiffTS. Most European 
destttabora. Crt VStaander 01-402 
0003. AST A. ATOL 1980, 

PEAKS SOAP, BirfMes and Hie weft. 1 
Mould IBoe U> ha«e rat nave Mgtu of) 
examples of lln Pears Soap adtedMB- 
nwnts and.-or any other advertising 
material or reminders of that nine. 
Plene write to Mn dance. 22 
wefbcckWoy. Wl. 

and watercolours mghl tv avid 
conettar Highest prices. Box 2607* 
Th e Tim es. 

WANTS) Inlaid Victorian and 
Edwarcttan furniture pede s t al desks: 
dtntng tables and bookcases. 01-641 
i3 4aam rttmefn. 

WAft lTro Entry lor London 
Marathon fSoni nude and ftmMei. 
*€■: 0906612281. 


* U3SANGCUB ** MIAMI* I Ql-«4l llll Travel wtes. ATOL 1 786, 


* USA** USA **U8A * 


tEsfd 1969) 

59 South St, Epson), Surrey 
(03727) 27538/25530/27109/ 

Tdex; 24667 



— - — <v I’ARTStRi 

As Londons Leading 
Specialist Letting Agents 

Wa offer s professional and expert swvfca fn both the 
letting and renting of fine homes. Towwopr.pwonrty 
inspected properties or if you require a qwlrty tenant. 
Heasacontact one of our eight experienced negotiators 
at either our Hampstead or KrtgfnstJridge office. 

794-1125 589-2133 


Frankfurt £S9Catro 

Parte £69 NalroW £309 

Rome £99 Joburp £430 
MOan £88 H k'om Zd9S 
Athens £109 Toronto 
Malaga £36 N YotK £273 
Faro £89 LA/8F £345 

Gen/Zur £79 Svd/Mtf £699 
Vienna £129 DheU £340 
L Palmas £119 TAvtv £169 

sun & sand travel ltd 

21. Swallow SL. London- W 1 
Tel: 01-4370537 01-734 9503 

IN MEWtORIAM Avar I -On 25/1,86 ALWAYS FORO E TII W6 lhal rMwminnTnr.DM 

Hocteon. Hubert Blake (Hugh) idDcd acootntracnt. birthday, bffi mnwiL DISCOUNTED FARES 

“w 23rd January. etc. Contact The R em i n der Service single return 

1942, Pearly remembered. 01-777 7029. jO'BUHQ/HAR c£8o SASB 

FmowpSHlP. Love or Marriage. 

Dateli ne, all ages, areas. Dateline. CfyffD 5:59 £29° 

m MFMnDl A Lr Dept (7ST) 23 AUngdrai Road. £ 1 35 ££75 

IVlt, rvi u K1AJV1 London W9.TcL 01-938 1011.- t£GOS iB££ SS 

FRANCIS.- E- P. (Hutfilel. Remember- Y ®H” SSSttlZnS SS&SS" ^ ££S 

«"9 my deanNthwband who died ****** Moving DOULA £- £420 

January 6th 1979. Bobs. _ . and many more 

SHORES - violet rvee) Shores died Cy~»- ^•"fOTtaUy written AFRO- ASIAN TRAVEL LTD. 


SMITH to John. 60 today Hatwy 
Buin-UQi-utft-day. Love ay always. 
Audrey. Simon and GUlian. 

very suddenly. Mi January 1977. 
Remembered to-day and every day 

by^mdra, Julie. Cftrlsopher A 

WRIGHT A. Dickson. MS. MRCS 
January «h 1976. He gained the 
reseect of InlrtHgcnt men. Hbrllfe was 
an Inspiration. He would never 
hesuaic u> da a kindness, llslra to a 
problem or share a taka. Remem- 
bered with kjve. 

WRKSHT, Doctor R-BD. (Dounlas). My 
dearest. In memory of your birthday 
With deepest love. Ever has ft been 
that k*e knows not Us own depth 
uniu the hour of separation, but 
nothing din Uui is remembered 
OH via. 



PICIbCASE - On January 3rd George 
Pick of DafeM and Norma Case of 

TO JANE Happy Anniversary, con- 
gratulations iron an who have got 


BUCKLAND U Got. Fomster 
Knowiinq. RAMC frtdi Jan 2nd. Bo- 
len ed father or Lance. Ren. Sean and 
Catherine. Funeral Garrison Church 


Ute Prime Minister) urgently needs 
free use smaller office UrooR* 
cupboard wUUi telephone to develop* 
work in London for Children at Risk. 
If you can help please contact 
Mountbattm Training. 36a Mill on 
Street. Northampton. NN2 73R. Tel. 
0604 716111. 

THE PARTNERS of Moore Rlppon 
Paid French & Co SoUcttors are 
pleased w announce that Mr Bruno 
Mannontetn M.A. tOxoni. rormeriy 
senior partner of Mrssrs Adler A 
Perowne has joined the firm os con- 
sult an). 

MISSING toffee * while King Charles 
Curlier spaniel, answering lo the 
name of Daisy. Iasi seen in W8 on 
Sunday. 29 Dec. Desperately missed 
IT teen please ring 01937 
8280 8367. Mrs Casey, absolutely 

11.16am. Jon 10th Donations If de- 
sired lo Cancer Research. 

COUCH.— Mortone Kathleen al SuUt 
PeUtetlon. Somerset, on 3nd Jauary 
1986. Funeral service at Shepto 
Beauchamp Parish Church on 
wednesay Bth January at 2.40pm 
followed by cremation al Yeovil. No 
Rowers Please. donaOlons In lieu If 
desired for Cancer Research- c.a 
Irish and Denman Funeral Directors. - 
Palmer Street South Peuterton. 

FOXCROFT Robert CIO Bentley aged 
45 on Wednesday 1st January 1986 
In Hammersmith. Dearest husband M 
Rosemary and loving father of 
Hannah. Thomas and Zoe. Funeral at 
SI Peter's Church. Blade LMn Lane. 
W6 tw Monday 13th January al 
I lam fallowed by rommlial at 
Mortlabe Crematorium. Donations In 
ueu of flowers lo fit Luke's Hospital 
for the Clergy. 14 Fttzroy SQiUre. 

GRANT. - On January 2nd. 1966. 
peacefully al home. In Middle<on-on- 
- — Sussex. Frank GranL CB. 

Herts BONHAMS Modern Art Courses Gee 

Educational Courses column. 


Sole Now On 

Massive Mores of wool Mended 
Berbers from £3.95 aq yd + vat + 
many bargains in room in an 
quail lies. 

255 New Kings Rd 
Parsons Green, SW6 
Tel: 01-731 2588 

Free estimates - expert fitting 

★ OR ★ 

★ HIRE FROM £16 PM * 




Albany Street NW l . 

Tel: Ol -933 B6fil>. 

Artillery Place. SE t a. 

TeL 01-864 4617 

BET OF B >6+2) Welortan mahogany 
Chippendale KVte dmtno chairs. 
£3.600. 01-786 7184. 






166.000 cUentsstnce 1970 

SYDNEY £392 £6e? 

PERTH £3T9 £582 

AUOfLAND £409 £770 

BANGKOK £198 £363 

SINGAPORE £231 £462 

BALI £314 £081 

HONGKONC £237 £498 

DELHI/ BOMBAY £200 £398 
COLOMBO £231 £420 

CAIRO £160 £233 

NAIROBI £231 £38S 

.JO-BURG £308 £479 

LIMA £253 £306 

LOS ANGELES £192 £382 

NEW YORK £139 £269 

GENEV A £76 £89 


01-603 1310 
01-938 2444 





New York from £2t5 

Florida from £299 

Dallas from £279 

Hawaii from £409 

Los Angeles from £299 

San Francisco from £309 

Washington from £299 

Tbronto from £229 

Vancouver from £369 

Perth from £599 

Sydney from £663 

Auckland from £768 

Kong Kong from £499 

Palma/ Alicante from £69 

Malaga from £79 



Tel: 01-301 4440 

An fores are RETURNS and 

guaranteed seals, sttoied lo aval!- 

abUlly and applicable Airport taxes. 


_ Atesroe 1 WVTTE692 wtafT£B9 
Tenerife 1 wk ft- £149 2 wlc Ir 

Daps. to. 12 Jan. 
Algarve l wk ft- £99 2wln ft- £1 09 
Tenerife 1 wk ft- £189 2 wki ft- 
„ _ £224 

. Deps 17. 19. 24. 26.31 Jon. 
Many other Hobdays * dates avail- 
able. Includes apt or hotel & fUqhts 
from Gatwlck A Manchettrr. SuM. 
dlrertTrom avaa ' lB,tant booktnga 


Tel. ShaflleM >0742) 331100 (04 
hre). Manchester <061)834 5033 
C24hre). London (Oil 250 1308. <24 
hrsl AIM 2054. 

162/ 16a Regent SL London W.l . 

01-437 8255/6/7/8 

Lata ♦ group boa Unas walcpme 
Amcx / visa/ diners 










2 Denman Street. London. Wl 

TEL 01-439 3521/8007 



New York £147 o/w £260 rln 
LAngetes £ieoo/w CSfiOrtn 
ToronlO £163 O.-w £255 tin 

Jo-burg £264 O/W £465 rln 

Sydney £599 o. w £670 rln 

Auckland £406 a,' w £760 rtn 

Delhi £2300/ w £370 rtn 

calra £iac o/w £215 rtn 

Bangkok £2100'w £360 rtn 

Tel Aviv £99 O/w £169 rtn 
Many oihar tuipdib 
TeL 01-3706237 

Non-Slop 3 Weekly 







Lrttlng & Management 

01-351 77S7 



Sapert) felly serviced studio in Nash 
Terrace- Opp Repents Put Op to 6 
ratio. Coin, £200 jlw. - 


Fantastic views from ultra modem 
10th fir 1 bednn flat Just off Carnaby 
SL 6/12 ntlis. Co to. £185 p/w. 

wiinam Tillman rurniture at IW ( , . .. . 
prtre during January. 20% off setae- 1 * IR - 

red oak tables A dressers, numerous EiDSiSf c iS^ °*" 

mahogany tables & chairs ol pre 
Increase prices. NetHebed (04911 
641115. Bournemouth (0202) 
293080. Topsham (039287) 7443. 
Berkeley Glos. (0453)810902. 

FINEST quality wool carpets. At trade- 
pel can and under, also available 100‘s 


Nairobi. Jo "burg. Odra. Dubai, la* 
buibul. Singapore. K. L- DefliL 
B^nukok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe Sc the Amortcus. Flamlgo 
Travel. 3 New Quebec SL M«rMe 
Arch. London W 1 H 700. 

01-402 9217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10.00- 13.00. 


O.-w Return 
Sydney £423 £770 

Auckland £&SO £774 

Bangkok C20S £330 

JoTmrg £264 £470 

Los Angeles £177 £3BO 

131 Enrts Court Road. SWG 
Phone: Ol 3706332 

Traditional farmhouses. Cites, vil- 
las. many with poote. All ihe best 
rural 6 coastal areas. Family nm 
company with 13 years experience. 

Bowhill Cottages 

Swanmore Southampton 



From: fits £69-Hofc £179 
Miles of sandy benches. Super 
choice Hotels with Pools: Riding: 
Danclna: BBQs. Free lamb. 
W indsu rfing. 


Tel: 01-MI 0l22(24hx») 

tares, saec rales. *H creds cards. Ol- 
030 7661. Tilt 881327. ABTA. 

ALOARVE. vma Vfltmwn. sips 4 /b. 
ramify or golf hols. Jan- Nov 1986. 

S2630PP.PW.-O612690O10. . 

ROME £97. MSan £77. Pisa £102. 1 WANTHS House in Tuscany with pool 
Venlca £102. Naples Cl err. Ptama l and maid to sleep at least to. August 
Ctoo Travel 01-629 2677. j 24tt< far 2 weeks Tel 049 163 237. 

ST VINCENT (French Alps' from I ITS TURKEY TIME) Turkish dcfl*U 

under half normal prtes. Chancery 
Carpets 01-106 0463. L a t e night 
shopping Thura. 

THE TIMES. Original Issues 1846- 
19G5. Other MUes avail. Hand bound 
roods- lor presentation - Also 
■■Sunday*” £ 1 2 50 Ind. Remember 
When. Ol -688 6323. 

hove tickets for these and an theatre 
and sports. TeL 631 3719. 637 1716. 
AU mater credit cards. 


£89 Ind accent. Celtic Snowsports holidays, a 8a 
<06223677071. TcL 01-891 6*« 

Sips 4. Details: 01-794 4032. Spam. Germany 

hoUdays. S: 86 brochure now ouL 
TeL 01-891 6469. ATOL 2047. 

3 Burlington Arcade, Wl 
Starts Monday. 6th January 
Ends Monday, 201h January 


These children (lave to t» Taught Ikm to 
spook. They need specnl teachers, 
spoaai altanban and special equip- 
mail Please gnre us Ihe means to help 
and to see that they am not forged * ) 
by Government, by Educabon. by Local 




4 S Hweford Rcwd. London W 2 5 AH 
Re^slorsd Chatty No 206401 
Patron: Her Matesty CXwen Efezabeth 
The Queen Mothm. 


The search is oiret One call lo 
H>7Dd3vfax the computerised ciearmg 
lioiae lac chartered flights lo^pain 
and -xbetpcc ufar resorts, gives vou 
msiant bookings Instant -xirtirmaooQ 
Plan* NCP.V *v tteif derbtaoic. 

01-878 9141 


He win pay lop London prices, up to 
£20 per ounce tor s Hirer and ip to 
£250 per ounce lor goU. We also buy 
old had crowns, florins etc. pro 1947. 
Urgently wanted any antique fumltin. 
AH transactions cash. 

Phone Mr Davies. 91-721 6442. ar 

write 23 Aoeri«¥ SL SW1T. 



Clothes ordered is jtananry win be 
redact* by iste for payineai with 
order. Order sow and Sare. Please 
phone far jtmr appointment. 

16 ChfJbnf SL, 

SrriJc Row, LoodoB Wl. 

01-734 2248. 

The carpet collection 

...just a selection ol our 
many reductions... 
waul 20% nylon BnMtfloam ra gc 

20 piito arfoonwyi 

Woobin wW yArgge 
14 pUm loburMyi “*'■'** 
Pncp< per iqiunr yard, nduine of VAT 

127 FbHun lead. Owbea. SW3 

02 Park Road. London MW I 

01-723 1221 

160 Liverpool Rood. TiliHgfon, N1 
01-609 1234 

> The carpet 
f collection 

FLIGHTS Gw»«. Algarve. Canaries. 
Spam. Germany, iwv. 6wflxrrtand- 
ZCUS. 01-434 1647. ATOL. ATTO. 

Make 1986 the 
year you got 
the villa right. 


Send for our '86 brdchure - quickly 
WcareLhe speciafcsls in ho&dkiy 
villas. They're 3B carefully chosen lor 
character and unspoiled sunound- 
mqs.ona bear h or with poof Afl 
mdude maid and lolten I a cook. Wefl 
over half our cfienla return year after 
year. (And that's the best advertise- 
ment you'll read on ihs pag ell 
CVTraveLDepLT 43 Cheval Place. 

London SW3 IER. 

Or cal 01-581 0a51/ 
584 8803. (24- he. 
brochure service on 
fjfl 01-589 0132.) 


The specialists in 
vOla holidays. 

Phone W fly 


Winter City Rights 


LISBON £109 
MALTA £98 
MIAN £88 
MCE £129 

ABU DMAS £325 
CAIRO £215 
MIAMI £299 

^ OWWk Om nOsJuu y r 

■Pod Tml Rkbig. aliBprova YatrRdng. 
■Leant to Bd*. ■Horse Drawn Caravan. 


Vi" TV 

fVffT^ :tti -i^a 



is srir;i.( 

)11 \K >sl 


CflOflE WflQ 



1533 is toady proving to be at- 
tfonely busy and we Dgsidy resprs 
uperimd. top ctotan sa c r etar ig 
on word pracessiPO opoatore to 
ompiMmre put Bp artrife B division. 
We offer racsSati rates ad a vaiety 
of assipmeras |n to bbis of London. 

CoHtecfni»— M dto»B *rt op p Bft 
tnlten n naStoto kr nd . 

911 Carrera 
Sport Ceape 
1983A 3MW i nlw, Ouwb 
Hod, Fufl AAN. SarvtoB 
htotofy, ExoeMconcBttoi 
£ 21,000 

JvHftan Keyrwto (09085 

584498/585029/582071 ' 

«W*Mte«L MOO** IBB. 

pared iota 




L V 

■•1 9 ■ 

• * 




rt'j _ 

- «. viSS^L" 
‘■--j *»£«r 

529 -*513 

• >;t 



- ,: V -M i»«; 

,L Pt?l '■' * 

-lp"SuU* , *£ 

" _ .y *■ 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC: 1- 

650 OftfmrAW. 

MO Breakfast Tima with Frank 
Bough and Dabble 

7- 26. 745, 8.25 and 1.55; 

. regional news, 'weather and 
lrafffcat 6sr; 7137,7.57 and' 

8- 27; national and International 
t»waat7.00,7JB, 8d», 830 
and B50; sport at 7.20 end 

•. 850; a review of the morning 
^.pewapspen9«M7,J*Ui8, . 
: Fascia Wood’s ' 

-•eoMunier report pop music " 

' ' "hews from Stave Btacknefl; - 

■.* and Russeff Gram’s 
horoscopes.. . .. ■ 

•■20 CmIsx. 1030 nay School, ■ 

. presented buStaart Bradley - 
w«h guest Ftoe«aB«^amfri(r). 

12-30 News After Noon wrttt Richard 
Whitmore sid Frances 
, Covwdste. indudes sadJtftiad 

news heacfflnas. 12^5 

Regbnai news. The weather. . 
■ details come from Bffl GOes. 
1-00 PobHe MB at One presorted 

- by Paul Cola and Josephine 
. Buchan. Jeff Banks joins 

celebrities at the Emanuel's. ' 

" t .Couture Fashion Show; David 

Wilkie Introduces his six-year - 

oW swimming protege already 

. training for the 1992 Ofymptas; 

- and there is musfc from 
vfollnist Iona Brown and pop 
group Amazula. 1.45 UtBe. 

- • Mteses and the ifisier Mvu^A 
See- Sew programme for the . . 

• .very young (f). 

2.00 The Parent Progr am me. The 
first of a new .series designed 
to help parents cope with their 
pre-school children. Presented 
by Francis Wilson and Miriam 
. O'Reilly. 2.15 Play it Safel . . 

“ Accident avoldencs advice for 
children, presented by Jimmy 
Sayite (r). 2.25 See Heart s . . 
Magazine programme for the 
hard of hearing (shown 
yesterday). 2-50 Sengs of 
Praise from the Metropolitan 
Cathedral of Christ the King. 
Liverpool (shown yestorday). 
(CeefaxJ-355 Ceefax. 352 
Regional news; \ 

355 Paddington Goes to Court (r). 
4.0Q Catnrpffiar Trail to the 
aquarium with Short Bradley. 
4.15 Jbnbo and the Jet Set A 
new cartoon series. 450 
George's MerveSous 
Medfefoa. Roald Dahl's Story ' 
told hyrRAcMayaB. 450: '■•: . 
■ThunderWida208&Anew ... 
.iseries of the animal science, 
‘fetion series. 

4*58 John Craven's Neweround. 
555 Blue Peter with adsrice on how 
to utilise the Christmascards 
that are due to bis taken down 
tonight (Ceefax). . 

5.35 Choriea in Charges A new . 
series pf.tfte American comedy 
vabduf a mate nanny end his . . 

6.00 News with Suelawfey and 
--Mchotaswrtchett. Weather. - 

655 London Phis presented by 
.Jeremy Putman. 

7.00 Wogaru Wee Ronnie Corbett 
takes over Ms week. Among 
his guests this evening are 
Michael Parkinson. Jane 
Asher, tom' O’Connor and 

7.40' Starsfcy and Hutch. The two 
poOcmarrare undercover hi a 
seedy dance half, on the trafl 

of a maniac (r). - 

8.30 Don’t Walt Up. Toby Blinks .-. 
that hla separation from . . 
Angela necessttstesTiis' 

‘ resignation from the World 
International Dermatological 
Association; wHIs-Tom is 
■wonted about jhe need for a 
new receptionist. Starring 
-Tony Britton and Nigel Havers 

9.00 News wlthJullaSOnwvBte. 
and Andrew.Harvey. Weather. 

950 Farru The Ipcresa FSe (T9S5> 

- starring Mtehari Caine. Harry-* 
Palmer, ex-Anny officer. Is 
transferred to a crvfflan branch 
of a counter espionage group 
jvhera he investigates a '. 
scientific brain dtato. Directed 
by Sidney J. Furie. - r . 

11.10 World Darts. Highlights of the 
. last four matches In the first 

round of the Embassy World 
Professional Darts 
Championship, front the 
■Lakeside Country Chib, 
Cambertey. . 

12.10 Weather. 


■ "6.15 Good MomingBritain - 

' presented by Anpe Diamond 
■ - and KanrylfteBy. Newswtth - 
- 1 Gordon Hc^eycombe at fcl7, 

- 650, 7J», 750, 8101,850 and 
:• 950jexercisBsatB50{*»rt^ 
at 655 and 754; Derek 

Jameson at.Z.T5; cartoon at. 

/, 754? pop video af 734; the - 
-'■■ ■ best of , TV-am ’s firs: two years 

-^.-actress Gwen Tayibr late 
/r.abouyiur hoflday in ■ ' ■ 

, //. •;7brremoli«>5«S54;antfa ■/ 
'..'5 ::<&icussiDn on paternity leave 

■ . 


955 Thame* news haadQnaa. 

950 For School*: Part one of a 
Russian Om version of 
-•* Robinson Cmsoe. 9^7 Howa. 

. . tetter reaches its decrttoation. 

- 959 The- story ol Tortoise's 
Tug-of-War. 10.11 The uses of 
a computer. lO-23 Phystes:'tr» 

* -■ . determinstlbn of the velocity of 
fight 1045 First year Carman. 

• 11-58 Maths: numbers and *. 
length. 1152 Matos courting 
in various languages. 1159 
French tialogue (testing witit 
hotels and accommodation. .. 
12.00 Tickle on thi Tapi. Vatage ■ 
tales for chlkiren. 12.10 Let’s V 
Pretend to the tele of The 
Grass is Always Greener. 

1250 Drugs for AB? The Bra* of a 
. new series presented by 
Jenny Bryan I n w hi ch doctors, . 
pharmacists and patients talk 
about the problems of 

- preserving- drugs. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard" 

: Parkin* 150 Thames news. 

-1.30 FkmHoudJnf (1963) starring 
» Tony Curtis. A biography of 
the famous escapologist With 
>- V . Janet Lalgh:J>rected by. ; 

' . George Marshall . 

355 Tharmns news heattiinas. 350 
‘ 4- - :The Young Doctors. 

4.00 7fckfe‘Qntb»T(8n. Arepeatof 
... tiwpp^remme^iownBt 

noon. 4.10 The Tetebugs-A 
. newreartoon series about a 
computer-age famfly 
programmed to hefo pet^e to 
■ trouble. 450 He-Men and 
. Masters of the UMvaree. 4.45 
. SpttBey.Satinthe wfkteaf 
northern Canada. 

;5-15 Blockbusters. '. 

5^45 News with Matyn Lewis, 850 
■ Thames news. 5 ' 

8l 25 Help) Vhr Taylor Gee with . 

. news of the Brent Association 
for the Disabled. 

855 Crossroads. Boy Lambert's 
. equipment goes up in a puff of 

- smoke. ' 

7.00 Wish Yotr Were Here . . ? 

Juteth Chalmers has the first 
of a two-part report from ireBa, 
beginning in Delhi; Anneka 

' Rice takes a cycling holiday in 
the Lake District; and Sara 
Hoftamby with husband 
Jeremy Gltttns join a ftotflla 
sating holktey off the coast of 

- Yugoslavia (Oracle). 

750 Coronation Street Susan 

Bartow is down in the dumps '.ti 
whfie Mavis takes a jMSidtoed 
. view of thngs (Orade), 

850 AU to Good Faith. Comady 
series about a vicar with a 
. crisis of conscience. He 
daetdes he needs a parish lna'_ 
deprived inner city to awaken 
his refi0ous zeal. • 

850 World in- Action? The 

-HonotnaMa Member for the 
Unemployed. Out of work 
Harry Morgan from Tyneside -. 
fives the fite of an MP fora ' 
v week at the behest of - 

Conservative MP Matthew 
Parris who swapped rotes two 
. years. ago andtived on tha 
‘ dote for a weak. Hairy uses 
- - the opportunity to put the case 
for tits unemployed. 

9.00 The BHL The officers of Sun 
HB Police Station. Wappihg, 
have a major car theft 
Investigation" on their hands - 

10X10 NewsatTen and weather. - 
1050 The Princeand Princess of 
Wales... A repeat of the 
interview given by the Royal 
couple to Alastafr Burnet .. 
(Oracle). ' - 

Snooker. Tbe Mercantile * 
Credit Classic. . . 
tflght Thoughts. 

Papa HoJevas; The Hidden War. 
Channel 4; 10.00pm 

• By isolatfog four white racists in 
lha same Devon home as tour black 
victims of racism and taking mem 
not to pull their punches when they 
an made to form a ring, Edward 
Gotdwyn's Horizon ffim ARE YOU A 
RACIST? (BBC 2, 8.10 pm) distBs 
centuries of bigotry ana pain and 
resentment and humiliation into Nttie 
more than SO uneasy minutes. At 
the end of the five days of - 
confinement only one move has 
been made towards any kind of 
reconciliation. But as this is 
signalled early on, the change of 
heart can, perhaps, be counted only 
as 8 very smafi miracle. Sadly, the 
unnatural nature of Iftis Intimate 
forum makes it a poor model for 
society at large to emulate. The brief 
encounter does, however, make 
gripping television, while inviting us 
to took inside ourselves lor 
prejudices we never even 
suspected we harboured. 



(Channal 4.10 pm) is an ambitious 
three-part documentary series from 
TVS. Whenever this ScKrthampton- 
based rrv company manages to get 
something on the national network. 1 
invariably find myself warning to see 
more of ns output and Jane 
Gabriel's films are no exception. 
They adopt the same kind of format 
with respect to the Greek Civil War 
of 1947-48 BS Granada Television 
did with their brifliant series about 
the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. 
Survivors, extant look back. 

Archive film is mixed in. Historians 
put matters into perspective. 

Nobody has yet come up with a 
better method. Tonight's ffim is. 
actually, only a scene-setter for the 
civil war. Hostilities proper begin 
next week, with a detafled account 
of the bitter harvest that resulted 
from the seeds of discontent we see 

being sown in tonight's film which is 
about the left-wing resistance 
movement EAM ElaS during the 
Second World War and ChurchiH's 
decision (fiercely denounced by 77w 
Times ) to send in British troops to 
put down the partisans and keep 
Greece out of Stalin's hands. 

• Radio choice: Tchaikovsky's 
opera IOLANTA (Radio 3. 10 pm) 
has nothing whatever to do with G & 
S. This libretto (by the composer's 
brother Modest) is based on Hertz s 
play King Rena's Daughter. 
Rostropovich conducts, with his 
wife Galina \fishnevskaya singing 
the title role . . .THE STAR WARS 
HISTORY (Radio 3. 9.15 pm) offers 
us a second chance to hear Dr 
Henry Kissinger defending the 
policy of detente he pursued . . . 

Bob Geidof answers listeners' 
Questions in tonight's JANICE 
LONG SHOW on Radio 1 (7.30 pm). 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

9.00 Caeiax. 

9.1 5 . Daytime on Two; A 8hort*temi 
. ' commission in any of the 
Forces. 958 tearing home for 
the first time - the problems of 
bed-sit land. 1050 For four 
. and five-year-aftte. 10.15 • 

' Music: rhythm and the beat. 

.-. .1058 tfstory: the BerBi 
. blockade and the Korean War. 
11JJ0 The early days ol space 
travel. 1L22ThinfcabouL 11X0 
The first of three programmes 
examining scxne of the issues 
that divide East and West 

12.10 The GCSE Geriend Issues. 
12.40 Technical studies: non- 
ferrous metals and alloys. 158 
Lesson one of a better 
badminton course. 158 
Scotland's vehicle industry. 
250 Words and Pictures. 218 
Part one of a two-episode play 
about two teenagers 
experiencing their first serious 
relationship. 240 Buddy, a 
five-part drama starring Roger 

3-05 Ceefax. " 

4.30 World Darts. Highlights from 
test night's action in the 
■ Embassy World Professional 
Darts Championships. 

550 The Royal Institution 

Christinas Lectures. The first 
of six on tiie subject of 
communicating, given by 
• Professr David Pye. 

650 FDnc The Private Life Henry 
VI If (1933) starring Charles 
Laughton as the notorious 
monarch. The story begins 
with his marriage to Jane 
' Seymour on the day Anne 
Boieyn. his second wife, is 
executed. With Robert Donat 
as Thomas Culpepper. Merle 

- Oteron as Anne Soteyn, and 
Wendy Seymour as Jane 
Seymour. Directed by 
Alexander Korda. 

. 750 Prick ley - The Changes. The 
first of a new series fofiowing 
five people from viHages 
around Frickley colliery during 
1965. The first subject is Steve 
who began his year in Armtey 
... v Jail. Leeds, on an explosive 
charge: He is reteased on bail 
on the condition that he fives 
at least 50 mSes from his 

8.10 Horizon: Are You a Racist? 

- After selecting- four applicants 
each from a newspaper 
advertisement asking tor 
racists and victims of racism, 

.■ the eight people spent five 

. days together in an isloated 
.. house in Devon. The cameras 
recorded as the two points of 
view were investigated by 
each other, (see Choice). 

950 The Boat Part two of the 
superb drama about the crew 
of a German U-boat on patrol 
in 1941, attempting to disrupt 
supply lanes to Britain. This 
evening they sights British 
convoy. English subtitles (r). 

1050 World Darta. Highlights of the 
final matches of the first round 
in the Embassy World 
Professional Darts 
Championship. Followed by a 
Phffip Larkin poem read by 
Harold Pinter. 

1CL5S NawsnfghL UA0 Weather. 

11.45 TAte-JoumaL The news in 

German from the ZDF channel; 
and in French from Antenna 
Deux in Paris. Ends at 1215. 


250 snooker Utckie Davies 
introduces action in the 
Mercantile Credit Classic. This 
aft ernoon Joe Johnson and 
Eugene Hughes battie tor a 
ptace in the quarterfinals. 

450 APfus 4. Mavis Nicholson 
tafts to Bfify Bragg, the 
successful singer of songs 
with a message. 

450 Countdown. Tbe first round of 
a new series of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
competition pits croupier 
Jonathan Stewart from Bury St 
Edmunds, against Jufia Styles, 
a student from East Grinstead. 

5.00 ABce. Whan Jotene, a former 
trucker, meets her okJ partner 
who is too tired to carry on 
with his run. she. with Alice 
and Vera, volunteers to finish 
the job. It is only when they 
reached an unpaved section of 
the journey that the girts 
discover they have a cargo of 

5.30 Food tor Thought Part ona of 
a repeated series presented 
by Marion Bowman and Brian 

' J Ford Bustrating that better 
eating habits could improve 
the nation's health. This 
opening programme examines 
how the average Briton's (Set 
has changed over the past two 

6.15 World of Animation. 

S50 Be Your Own Bosa. Henry 
Cooper Introduces the first in a 
repeated series on how to set 
up and expand one's own 
business. A wine-bar. a small 
computer firm, and a mail 
order company are featured in 
this programme (Oracle). 

7.00 Channel Four news with Peter 
Sissons and Ala stair Stewart 
indudes a report by Michael 
Rogin, prolessor of political 
studies at Berkeley, on the 
number of times President 
Reagan alludes to old films in 
his speeches. 

7.50 Comment On the subject of 
relationships with pets is 
writer Angela Patmore. 

8.00 Brookside. Pat and Sandra 
are growing tired of their 
uninvited guest 

850 Lou Grant Rossi discovers 
conflicts of interest on the staff 
of the Trib and he writes a 
story that has the sparks flying 
in the dty office. 

9.30 Chance in a MBRon. "The first 
of a new series of the comedy 
starring Simon Callow as the 
accident-prone Tom Chance, 
and Brenda Btethyn as his 
long-suffering girtfriend. 

Alison. In tonight's episode 
Tom receives a demand from 
the Inspector of Taxes to 
make an honest woman of his 
daughter, and an Undo Matteo 
insisting on a shot-gun 

10.00 Greece: The Hidden War (see 

11.00 The Eleventh Hour: Acting 
Tapes. The start of a series 
exploring the Ideas and 
training methods behind two 
major opposing acting styles 

‘ of tha 20th century theatre and 
cinema, beginning with the 
naturalistic style of acting 
developed in the Moscow Arts 
Theatre, the Stanislavsky 
system. Ends at 1200. 


Radio 4 


On tong wave. 1 also vhf stereo. 

545 Shipping Forecast 650 News 
Briefing: Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Week. An Interview with 3 leader 
of the agricultural industry. 

foOowBd by a five-day weather 
forecast fa 1 farmers. 625 Prayer 
tor the Day.t 

650 Today, Ind 650, 750. 850 News. 
645 Business News. 655, 745 
Weather. 7.00, 850 News. 72S, 
655 Sport 7.45 Thought for the 

855 The Week on 4 with Edward Cels. 
8.43 More Wrestling than Danong. 
David Moreau recokecs some 
attempts to come to grips with life 
(1). Bearded LSce a Pard. 847 
Weather. TraveL 
200 News. 

9.05 Start the Week, with Richard 
Baker .t 

10.00 News; Money Box A Question of 
Money Questions on personal 
finance sent in by feteners (r). 
ry: Mil _ 



Morning Story: Ming's B», 

Prey by Patricia Hignsmit 
by Crawford Logan. 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 11 4).t 

11.00 News; Travi: Down Your Way. 
Brian Johnston visits Thombury 
in Avon (rl-t 

11.48 Poetry Please! Poetry requested 
by bsteners. Readers: JiD Belcon 
and Ronald Pickup. Presented by 
P J. Kavanagh. 

1250 News: You and Yours. Presented 
by Pattie CotdweS. 

1227 Brogue Male. Four stirring tales 
in which Sir Digby Spode and the 
trusty Hubert Carstairs thwart the 


Mate. Roy Klnnear and Angela 
Dowat 1255 Weather. 

150 The World at Ona: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 145 Shipping. 

200 News; Woman's Hour. Angela 
Knight investigates the 
scrutineers of palms, the readers 
of tarot cards and the lookers Into 
crystal bafts. Also episode five ot 
Crampton Hodnst by Barbara 
Pym, read by Patricia Routtodge. 

3.00 Tha Afternoon Play: Poor Bessie, 
by Jack Grants. An heiress goes 
on e tour ol British spas Trying to 
find the ideal man. With Penelope 
Nice, Jon Croft ana Edward de 
Souza (r).t 

450 Kaleidoscope presented by Paul 

5.00 PM: >iews Magazine. 540 

Shjppinc Forecast. 5.55 Weather. 
650 News; rinancal Report. 

650 Just a Minute. Penal game with 
Kenneth WilRams. Clement 
Freud, Tim Rice and Gyles 
Brandreth. In the chair Nicholas 

Parsons (r).^ 

750 News. 

745 The Archers. 

720 On Your Farm goes to the market 

7.45 Science Now. Peter Evans pays a 
visit to the National Physical 
Laboratory In TedCQngran. 

8.15 The Monday Play. David and . . . 
who's Go&aih? by Paul Abbott 
With Jason (jitter. Niafl O'Brien 
and KeQy H amp son in the cast 
945 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine 
presented by Paid Vaughan. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Vice Versa by 
F Anstel. Abridged in 12 parts (6). 
Read by David Davie. 1029 

1050 The Wold Tonight 

11.15 The Financial Wortfl Torught 
1150 Worlds Elsewhere. Collectors of 

antiquarian books and comics 
talk about their enthusiasm for 
trie hobby (r>. 

1200 News: Weather. 1233 Shipping. 
VHF (available m England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
545-850em Weather. Travel. 

1 1 .00-1200 For Schools: 1 1 .00 
Muse Makers. 1120 Lei's Move! 
11.40 Johnny Ball s Maths 
Games. 11.50 

Poecry Comer. 
or Schools: 145 

1.55-3 50pm For Sc I 
Listening Comer. 2.05 Playtime. 
20 introducing Science. 240 
Top£ Songbook. 245 Radlodub. 

5.50-5.55 Pm (continued). 1230- 
1.10am Schools Night-Time 
Broadcasting: A- Level English - 
Chaucer and his World. 


Radio 3 


645 Weather. 7.00 News. 

755 Morning Concert Haydn's 

Symphony No 31 (Phdharmome 
Hungarica): Chopin's Prelude No 
1 6 m B Wat minor (Allda de 
Larrocha, piano); Dvorak's 
Serenade In D minor. Op 44 
(Chamber Orchestra of Europe).t 
8.00 News. 

855 Morning Concen (contd): 

Tchaikovsky's Letter Scene from 
Eugene Onegin (Galina 
YisTmevskaya. sporano and 
Bolshoi Opera Orchestra); 
Janacek's String Quartet No 2, 
Intimate Letters (Smetana 

Quartet); Bartok's Hungarian 
Sketches (Budapest SO).t 850 

9.05 This week's Composer 
Stravinsky Four Studies, Op 7 
(Michel Berofl, piano); Two 
Melodies of Gorodetzky 
(Devidova, 9oprano/LjuDintov. 
piano); Symphony in E flat Op 1 
(Scottish Nations Orehestrai.t 

1050 Louis Moreau Gottschalk: PtiSp 
Martin (piano). Grand Scherzo, 

Op 57; Sefiade No 6 Op 85; Sws- 
mot. Op 45; La Savane. Op 33; 
Grand Triumphs! Fantasy on the 
Brazilian National Hymn, and 
other works . 1 

10.45 Vaughan Williams: The LPO 

under SouK play the Symphony 
No 9,? 

1125 French Songs: Mary Kmo 

(mezzo), witn Catherine Edwards 
(piano). Duparc's Le galop, 

Extase; Chanson trtste; 

Debussy's Fetes galantes. Sets 1 
and 21 

1250 BBC Scottish SO (under 

Kiaemerj. with Sandra Dug dale 
(soprano). Mozart arias Nehmt 
me men Dank; No. no che non sei 
capace: J C Bach's Smioma in G 
minor. Op 6 No 6: tha ana Cars la 
doles fiamma. Adriana in Siria; 
Haydn's Symphony No 102.1 1.00 

1.05 3BC Lunchtime Concert Zvi 
Seltlin (violin). Gordon Back 

I piano). Bartok's Andante; 
Stravinsky's Suite itatlenne: 
Schumann's Sonata No 2 in D 
minor. Op 121.1 

200 Music Weekly: including Tessa 
Kmgn ton's Homage to 
Barcelona; lain Fenton on The 
Rita of Spring and its Russian 
origins: and Graham Johnson 
ana Anthony Roife Johnson 
talking about Ten years of the 
Songmakers' Almanac (r).l 

245 New Records: Enesco's 

Romanian Poem, Op 1 (Mono 
Cano PO): Kodaly's String 
Quartet No 1 (Kodaly Ouartei); 
SuVs Ballade and Serenade Op 3 
(Jene. cello; Klansky, piano): 
Schoenberg's Verklane Nacht. 

Cp 4 (or string sextet (Ensemble 
intercontemporan members).t 
4.55 News. 

550 Mainly lor Pleasure; NataEe 
Wheen presents a selection of 
recorded music t 

6.30 Music for the Iron Voice: Graham 
Barber at the organ of Pfarrkirche 
Si Johanms. Osnabruck. West 
Germany. Reger's Chorale 
Preludes Vom Hknmei hoc ft. ds 
komm Ich her. Op 67 No 42; War 
Weiss, wie nahe mir mein Ende, 
Op 67 No 50: Sonata No 2 in D 
Minor. Op 60. 1 

750 Tifereth: by Emmanuel Nunes. 
First performance ol the EBU 
commission. Orchestra National 
de France tender Segeratam and 
Tamayo). With instrumentalists 
Regis Pasquier (violin). Maunce 
Bourgoe (oboe) Andre Bantiez 
(horn) Michel B Becquet 
(trombone). Frederic Stochi 
(double-bass). Sylvio Gualda 
(percussion). Pan one. t 

8.10 Daughters: Sara Coward reads 
the short story by Elaine 

8.30 Til'erath: part two. t 

9.15 The Star Wars History: Michael 
Chariton presents the second 
programme in the senes. Tonight 
Deterrence Through Detente; The 
Hand of Henry Kissinger. Others 
taking pan include Richard Perie. 
Gerard Smith and Helmut 
Sonnenlaldt (r). 

10.00 Iolanta: Peter Tchaikovsky s one- 
act opera, sung in Russian 
Rostropovich conducts me Paris 
Orchestra and Groupe Vocal de 

France. Sotoists include Galina 
Vishnevskaya (in the title rote), 
James Anderson, Tania Gedda. 
Cotean Gaetano, Me Petkov, 
Tom Krause and Nicolai Gedda, f 
11-45 Paganini: Salvatore Arcardo 
(Violin) with me Chamber 
Orchestra of Europe under 
Franco Tamponi. Larghetto con 
passlone: Uloto Perpetuo; 
Andante amoroso, r 
11.45 News. 

12RI Russian Orthodox Christmas 
Vigil, celebrated et the Russian 
Orthodox Church. Ennismore 
Gardens, London. Conducted by 
Metropolitan Anthony of Surozh. 
The commentator is Alyona 
Kojavnikov Ends all .30am t 

Radio 2 


News on the hour. Headlines 520am, 
620. 720 and 820. Sports Desks 
1.05pm, 202 3.02 4.02, 5.05. 652 8.45 
IMF) only, 945. 

4.00am Colin Berry .r 6.00 Ray Moore 
ind 6.15 Pause for Thought* 8.05 Ken 
Bruce ind 8.45 Pause for Thought 4 
1020 Jimmy Young! Ind 1230 the FA 
Cup Fourth Round Draw. 155pm David 
Jacobs * 200 Anna Ford r 320 Music All 
the Way.* 4.00 David Hamilton.! 6.00 
John Dunn.t 8.00 Alan Dell with Dance 
Band Days and Big Band Eras 9-00 
Humphrey Lyttelton with the best of tezZ 
on rectxd.t 9.55 Sports Desk 10.00 The 
Conch Quiz. Pam Ayres. Sheila 
Anderson, Bill OdcTie and Roger 
LovegrovB in a battle of natural history 

of Disney. 

1150 Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight). 1 .00am 
Bill Renneils presents Nightnde ’ 350- 
4.00 A Little Night Music.t 


i Night I 

Radio 1 


News on the halt hour from 6.30am until 
920pm and at 12 midnight 
6.00am Adrian John. 7.30 Mike Read 
9.30 Simon Bales. 1230pm Newsbeai 
(Ian Parkinson). 12.45 Paul Jordan 3.00 
Steve Wright. 5.30 Newsbeat (Ian 
Parkinson). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 720 
Janice Long md your chance ra phone 
Bob Getoofand Simon Bales about the 
recent Live Aid Update programme and 
the work ol the Band Aid Trust. 1050- 
1200 John Peel.t VHF Radios 18 2 
4.00am As Radio 2. 10.00pm As RaOio 
1 . 1200-4 .00am As Radio 2 


6-OOem Kewadesk. 74X1 News 7.09 Tnairy- 
Four Hours. 7.30 Sarnn and Ccmpanv 1.00 
News. 9419 Reflections l.iS Foreign AH tn 
■JO Anything Goes. 9X0 News. SM Re-new of 
Bnosn Press 9.15 Good Books. U0 Fmanoal 
Ne i «s 9.40 Look Ahead. 9 j 45 Peebles' Cnctae. 

10.00 News. 10411 Questions of Faitn. 10-30 

Hssvila USA 114X1 News 114» News About 
Britain 11. IS DevBlopmem '86. 1200 Redo 
Newsreel 1215 Quote. Unquote. 1245 Soots 
R ound-up 1.00 News. 1.09 Twenty-Four 
Hours. 1.30 Beethoven and me Valin 200 
Outlook. 24S Poets on Music. 34X1 Radio 
Newsreel. 3.15 Questions ot Fann. 3.45 
Development 'B6 4410 News. 4.09 

Commentary. 4.15 No Race Like II 440 See 
end Valance end Opera. 4A5 the World 
Too By. 5.00 News. 0419 Book Cnoea. 200 
News 215 Sex and Violence and Opera. 9b0 
Rock Salad. 104» News. 10.09 The V/ortd 
Today. 1025 Book Cn&ce. 1020 Financial 
News KMO Reflections. 10.45 Sports 
Roundup. 11.00 News. 11419 Commentary 
11.15 No Place Lika It 11.30 Quote. Unquote. 
1200 News 1209 Mews About Britain. 1215 
RacUo Newsreel 1230 Sarah And Company. 

1.00 News. 1.01 Outlook. 1-30 Short Story. 
1.45 No Piece Like h 200 News. 209 Review 
of me British Press 215 Network UK. 230 
Sports International. 200 News. 209 News 
About Britain. 215 The World Today. 320 John 
PeeL 4 .DO Newsaask 430 Sound ol Strings. 
246 The World Today. 

(All times In GMH 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1 053kHz/285m; 1 0B9kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247rn: VHF -90-92-5: Radio 4: 
200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95: LBC 1152kHz/261m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 1458kHz,iC6m VHF 94.9; Wono 
Service MF 64BkHz/463m. 

RRp i Water 555pm-6.00 WaJas 
ppu * Today. 655-750 The CoUte* 
Tate- 121 0am- 1240 Rugby Special 
(Bath v Waterloo). 12.40-12^5 News 
end weather. Scotland: 1Q.10am-1(L30 
Bzzz. S55pm-S.OO Catchword. 655- 
750 Reporting Scotland. 950-10.45 
sporlscene 85. 10^5-1250am Fftm: 

The Ipcress FBe. (Michael Caine). 1250- 
.35 News and weather. Northern 

12 : 

tretand: 5 55 pm-5.40 Today's Sport. 
540-6.00 Inside Ulster. 655-7.00 Up 
from. 1210am-1250 The Sky at NighL 
1230-1255 New and weather. England: 
655pm-750 Regional news magazines. 

can Starts: 1255pm The Puppet 
Man. 155 Legend of the 
Christmas Messenger. 250 Ftenestn. 
220 Moelwyn. 25a Hwnf ac Ym2 255 
Snooker Mercantile Credit Classic. 450 
A Plus 4. 450 Gardeners' Calendar. 

5.00 Y8go(oriaeth. 550 A Closer 
Encounter. 650 Amurlaethau Syr Wynff 
a Phvmsan. 750 Uun Uyfrau. 8.00 Lou 
Grant 9.00 Gwalthdy Comedi. 955 Y 
Byd ar Bedwar. 10.05 Mel Brooks Halls 
Sid Caesar. 150 The Mysteries: 
Doomsday. 1210am Closettown. 

PENTRAL As London except 
ucn I WU -1.20pm News. 150-350 

Rm: We're no Angels (Humphrey 
Bogan). 650-750 Central News. 
1215am Closedown. 



Ftim: Hour of Decision (Lionel Jeffries). 
200-350 Three Ltttte Words. 6.00-7.00 
News. 1215am Movte Makers. 1245 


Schools. 650-7. 00pm Wales at Six. 

m the Darit (Errol Flynn). 215 Cartoon 
355-350 News. 215-545 Emmerdale 
Farm. 200 About AngBa. 650-7.00 
SurvivaL 1215am A Peculiar People, 


Reports. 1.30 Film: Passionate Friends' 

(Ann Todd). 210 Eskimos: Changing 

Culture. 225 Granada Reports. 230- 
4.00 Sons and Daughters. 6.00 Granada 
Reports. 650-750 Dtff'rent Strokes. 

1215am Closedown. 

ulster aiaaras-w- 

Another Time, Another Place (Lana 
Turner). 215 Cartoon. 350-4.00 Short 
Story Theatre. 6.00 Good Evening 
Ulster. 650-7.00 Lifestyle. 1215am 
News. Closedown. 

VDTTISH As London except 
I i ian 1>20pm 

Action Line. 1.35 FBm: Death Penalty. 
350-4.00 About Gaeflc. 5.15-5.45 
Emmerdale Farm. 6.00 News and 
Scotland Today. 650-7.00 What’s Your 
Problem? 12.15am Crime Desk. 1225 
Late Call. Closedown. 


Help Yourself. 150 Film: Another Tune. 
Another Place (Lana Turner)- 215 Ice. 
355 News. 230-4.00 Country Practice. 
6.00 Calendar. 650-750 Enterprise '86. 
1215am Comedy Tonight 1245 


350 Fdm: The Long Memory I John 
Mins). 5.15-5.45 Emmerdala Faun. 6.00- 
750 North Tonight 1215pm News. 

RORDFR As London except 
BUKUCH 150pm News. 150 Film: 

Dangerous Davies, the Last Detective. 
350-450 Sons and Daughters. 650 
Looker Ound. 6.15 indoor Gardening. 
650-7.00 Mr and Mrs. 1215am News. 

ti/C As London except 150pm 
- ¥a News. 150 Home Cookery Club. 
155-350 Film: Paper Tiger (David 
Niven. 5.15-545 Sons and Daughters. 
6.00 Coast to Coast 650-7.00 Dlfl'rent 
Strokes. 1050 Questions. 11.00 Prince 
and Princess of Wales. 1150 Snooker. 
1215am Company Closedown. 

PH&NNFI ^ London except start 
UHANNEL. 9.25 For openers 150 

Channel News and Weather. 1.30 Home 
Cookery Oub. 5.12 Puffin's Pla(i)ce 
5.15 Sons and Daughters. 6.00 Channel 
Repoa 650-750 Jersey's New Bairff. 
1230 Questions. 11.00 The Prince and 
Princess of Wales. 11.50 Snooker. 
12.15am Weather & Close. 

TYNF TFES As London except 
I twc icca 150pm News. 150 

Film: Rockets Galore (Donald Smdan). 
200-350 Canon In the Kitchen. 6.00 
Northern Ufa. 6.45-7.00 PSA Report. 
1215am Hello God! Closedown. 

TAW As London except 150pm 
lo _ News. 150 Lunchtime Uve. 
200-3.30 Film: Not Wanted on Voyage 
(Bnan Rix). 6.00 Today South West. 
650-750 Gardens for AB. 1215am 
Postscript Closedown. 

S torso. ★ Black and white (r) Repeat 


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uncamdly ta ire areb l a . . . an aarnn- 
uning perronnanCT" D Tei. 
"Avkiooiv . . Garlands for Jody” 
Sunday 1 

HAMPSTEAD. 722 9301. Ei-n Bam, 

Sal Maia ija Ends Sw. ON THE 
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Wt. 01-157 3486 7 01-434 1050 
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HMH Mats 3.0 _ 

Grp St)a Bex or/xeoi -9306123 

LYTTELTON -S’ 928 2252 CC 

iNanonal Theatre •« proKerdum 
■taoel Tom 745. Ihrn Jan 16 lo 20 
Wetnler. Twnor 7 4S. Wed 2. 1 E (lew 
tv mab A 7 AS. then Jan 13 to 15 
VE FOR LOVE. Tom 6pm Tatod 
A Long Room. 46 nun 



I £2- CO. 

MAYFAIR S CC 01-629 3056. 741 

9999. Mon-Thu 8. Frt • Sat BM b 8. lO. 




The HU Thriller by Richard Harris 

“The bnt omuer (or ve*nr smit "An 
unooaahed wmoer" s Exp. “A uunier 
mat achieves K an. 6enaahanaT’ Tinea. 
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CC 741 9999. &OUP Sales V30 6123. 
ll« 7 50. MaD TlwYe b Sat a! 3 OO. 





MAYFAIR. Ol -629 3057. 
Until January 4. 

Twice dally 2-OA 4 0 
Wed b Sacs 10.30. 2.0 & 4.0. 






Cxcebenl Cheap seats flay of Bert all 
theatres from lOairL 


734 9633 C C 379 6666 -741 9999. 
Croup Sales 836 3962/930 6 123. 




Eves 8.00. Mats Sal S.O. Wed 3.00 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 Ol 

406 0072 CC Ol 379 6433 Eves 7 4S 



Group Bookings Ol 406 1667 or Ol 
9306123 lAppty dally lo Beat OHlre lor 

returmi. Poual a pun canons now Being 


OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 Til 

26 Jan. Mon- Frt 7.30. Wed Mats 2.30. 
Sat 4.0 b 7.46. 


The Classic Fairy Siory adapted for the 
slaoe by Louise Paoe 

■i wSK^fiSiSr&EWSHE to 

OO" Standard. 

OLD VIC 928 761 6 CC 261 1821 

From 28 January 


A play adapted from Jane Austen's 






Directed by BUI Pryde 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 26 1 1821 _ 

TH 25 Jan. Mon-Frt 7.30. Wed Mats 
2.30. Sals 4.0 & 7 45. 

The Classic Fain' Siory adapted (or the 

"I WOUU? C uliGE Ul |rVER l v'oNE TO 
OO" Standard 

Spadil rateaforsMMren. 

OLTVJEn -S' 928 2232 CC iNauanal 
Theatre's open suoc' Toni 7 IS. 
tomor 2 O0. tlow price null 4 7 13 
then Jan a & 9 and Jan 20 b 21 
YONADAS. W heler Shaffer. 

PALACE THEATRE 437 6834 CC «7 
8327/ 379 6433 Grp Sales 930 6123- 
THE 19803" Puncn 

S Times 


Evas 7 JO Mod Thu & Sat 2.30. 

PHOENIX 856 2294 CC 240 9661 Or 

741 9999 £\n S Mat Thu 3 Sal 6 b 
8.30.24 nr 7 day ee 240 7200 


Standard Drama Awards 





PRINCE EDWARD. Tel Ol -437 6877 6 


C\gt 8.0. Mau Thurs A Sal >130. 
Hotline 439 8499. 379 6433. 741 


Boot Ofncepl 7>4 8981 
Rrst CaO 24- hr 7jlaY.. 
cc Bookings Ol -B36 2464 
Croup Sale* Ot -930 61 23 


C S*S?Slil0-f--9306l23 

K Proiw3«TM-761 8989 
First call 24 hr 7 day CC Bookings 240 
7200.01^79 6433 
Evp* 7 30 Mat Thur * 6*1 al 3.00 
CALS' S Times 







■A CLASSIC ot Its Mnd' D Tet 
N ow Booking until April 26 
nilFFWB 01-734 1166. 734 1167. 
734 0261. 734 0120. 439 58^9^439 
4031 Elm CuU CC 24 hr 240 7200 
Grp Sale* 9SO ol 23 Eve* 8pm. Wed 3 
Sal Mats3nm 






4 new Play by Ronald Harwood 

Directed by Peter Vatei 

ST MARTINS. 836 2 443. Special CC 

No 379 6433 Eves e 0. Tues 2*6. Sal 

34th year of AGf&HA CHRISTIE'S 


STRAND WC2 01-836 2660/4143.' 

0190 Monday -Friday Evgs 8.0 

Matt Wed 230. 5 


Sat 6.303 8 30 







"John Chapman Jk Mtahaal 
Partwiei comedy I* ohviBualv 
daatinod lor a long stay- W Paaaaa 
tha tima aa ptooantly aa a larga Gin 
and Tome” Sunday llmax 
Dkoctod by Mika Oekrant 


Oabonw & David Freaihan. 
Tonrer, Fri U Catato. FneMco 


!t mle e 






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thS jShn° F “ m “ y i^SS aNY 




Writtan BDi ree ta d by 
"Hnahow* vr2&35£ZX?F 1\--Comlr 

ShaJunpeare Theatre i0789i 295623 

COMP nicholas nickleby 

Now until Bin February "Vou will 
never forget IP* experience" S 
Times. For special meal lheairc deals 
and hotel stopover ring 07 B9 07262. 


■The wry best of Britain * 

romir lalrni" D. Mall 


tee Shaftesbury Theaire 


sec Ambassadors The alre 


see Criterion Theatre 
London'] three hit remedies 

VAUDEVILLE 836 664S 836 7969 
Credit Cards 0! 379 64i3 
Mon -Sal 1 1 am and 2 pm 
i No Performance Wednesdays! 

Special Sunday Performance 3 30. 


SJamnp Jhe Chararirrs erraied 
ay Roger HirgwavK 

E\ ening 7 JO Mats Sal only 2.4 S 


WESTMINSTER Ol -834 PC 8 3 4 
0048. Today. Tomor. Wed. Sal 2 30pm 
A 6pm. 


EXTENDED by : week - ends 18 Jan 

WYNDHAM'S S 636 3Q28 CC 379 
Afida -379 6433 741 9999. Grps 9SO 
6123-836 3962. EiB 8.0 Wed Mai 





YOUNG VIC 928 h3SS TM Jan 25. 

^cStfe iSB. 

'JMaM-bfrmgty «^>tejretre - FT 

hm doSa*. D.TeL cc afg 

also on page 24 



7-V * ' ’ 

First Published 1785 

aid for 
Abu Nidal 

Costumed from page 1 
Mir Peres denied a report in 
The Sunday Times that the 
airport attacks were in feet 
OTS&nized by Libya and Syria, 
uang the Abu Nidal group. He 
said that Abu Nidal was 
respo nsible, with subs tantia l 
support from Libya, but he 
warned Syria that it was 
courting retaliation if it was not 
“more careful" in supporting 

Senator Richard Lugar, 
C hair ma n of the Foreign Re- 
lations Committee, s gfa f yester- 
day that the Reagan Adminis- 
tration . did not yet have 
evidence of “the smoking gun" 
in Libyan handy , and suggested 
that a US “surgical strike" was 
not imminent. 

• MOSCOW: The Soviet 
media has reacted for the first 
time to the airport outrages with 
attacks on die US, which it. 
accused of military thr eats 
against Libya and of plotting to 
bring down Colonel Gadaffi 
(Christopher Walker writes). 

In a report from W ashingto n, 
Pmvda, the Communist Party I 
paper, said that recent pro- 
nouncements by Libya denying 
responsibility for the attacks 
had been ignored totally. 

Citing US press reports, it 
said that the Pentagon and the 
Central Intelligence Agency 
were preparing for armed 
intervention, including plans to 
bomb Libya. 

Pravda, which condemned 
the airport auacks, referred to 
what it claimed was a secret 
White House plan last 
November to destabilize Libya 
and to depose its leader. 

The Government daily, Izv&- 
tia. accused both the US and 
Israel of using the airport 
attacks as an excuse to threaten 

Yassir Arafat, the PLO chair- 
man, said yesterday that Syria 
and Libya are behind the 
rccenttash of terrorist strikes in 
the Mediterranean and Europe 
and are trying to discredit his 
organization (Our Foreign Staff 

In an interview in The 
Washington Post. he also said 
that the United States, by 
refusing to negotiate with the 
PLO, had helped to create an 
environment in which radical 
young Palestinians are easily 
recruited for Arab terrorist , 

Air veterans recall Heathrow’s pioneer flight 

Letter from Warsaw 

■ ' • 1 : . 'O . ■"'* 

Black market in 
expense accounts 

The Lancastrian ‘Starlight” airborne. 

Lord Winster (at microphone), the then Minister of Civil Aviation, speaking before take-off HeathrowshoiUy before its opening in May 1 945. 

. By Patricia Clough 

The 40th anniversary of the . Heathrow Airport 
first passenger-carrying flight officially opened 
from Heathrow Airport, Lon- months later, on Ma 
don, was celebrated ' at the ^ 

weekend by the three members 

of Unoriginal 225BJE-' 

A toast by Captain Robert Alabaster (left). Marie Guthrie and Air Vice-Marshal Don 
Barnett in front of a photograph of the official inauguration. 

Air Vice-Marshal Don 
Bennett, the pilot. Captain 
Robert Alabaster, the navi- 
gator, and Marie Guthrie, the 
“stargir l ” or stewardess, at- 
tended die unveiling of a plaque 
in the Terminal One VEP 
lounge, commemorating their 
36-hoar flight to Buenos Aires. 
Their route went via Lisbon, 
Bathurst (now Banjul in The 
Gambia), Natal, Rio de Janeiro 
and Montevideo, and the crew 
r Miwinwl pn rfwjy thm nghnnf 

The aircraft, a fomr-engmed 
i aicastrian s tarlight, a deri- 
vation of the wartime Lancaster 
bomber, carried 11’ passengers 
and six crew on the first of a 
series of proving flights to 
South America by British 
South American Airways. 

Heathrow Airport was not 
officially opened until five 
mouths later, on May 31, 1946. 

The three recalled' that 
Heathrow, now the busiest 
airport in the world, was simply 
a! collection of tents and 
caravans. The control tower, a 
single-s t or ey bride bnfldmg, 
functioned for the first time for 
their flight. 

“The airport looked Eke a 
runway under construction, 
which was almost what is was”, 
Air Vice-Marshal Bennett said. 
“We had to ask the contractors 
three, days beforehand if they 
could dear the runway so we 
could take off” 

Heathrow ! now handles 
around 30 million passengers a 
year travelling, to 200 desti- 
nations On 70 airline*, ft has . 
three mam runways, and a 
fourth terminal, which will 
increase traffic by another 
eight minima passengers, when 
it is opened in April. 

. Just as kettles have learned 
not to - ■ comment on- the 
\blackness : of pots, -so Fleet 
Street does well to stay mum 
about other people's padded 
expenses. The subject is one of 
the’/ great unmentionables, 
banished like - bereavement, 
head lice and errant relatives 
from decent conversation and 
public exposure. 

But . in the Soviet bloc the 
study of expense accounting 
has its own rewards, explain- 
ing away some of the small 
mysteries that help to poison 
East-West relations. Why, for 
example, dida troupe of East 
Gentian actors disappear 
immediately to their hotel 
after performing in a West 
German theatre? The hosts 
assumed the worst: the East 
Germans were under orders to 
’ shun extramural contact. The 
real reason: the actors wanted 
to save their paltry Deutsche 
Mark allowance: 

Why does the Polish trade 
fair delegate refuse to go to a 
bar with a Westers business- 
man from a neighbouring 
stand? Because to pay for his 
round he would have to forgo 
the whole of his Sterling 
allowance for the day. So he 
slinks off repressing his 
normal social habits, to a 
cheap pension. His Western 
colleagues and partners com- 
plain of arrogance, of a certain 
frigidity, speculate that the 
man is afraid of surveillance 
or. blackmail, shake their 
beads despairingly about the 
division of Europe and order 
another Martini... 

.The economics are simple. 
The Polish Finance Ministry 
divides ; the average monthly 
pay of personnel employed in 
foreign missions fay 30 and 
comes up with a per diem rate 
for business travellers abroad. 
A Polish business representa- 
tive -in Britain is allocated 
about £10 a day, about 515 in 
the United States, about 30 
Deutsche Marks in West 
Germany, 13S ' francs in 
France. The ministry reckons 
that will buy two modest 
meals a day. 

But, if the official traveller 
can to without eating and 
drinking in the West, he can 
become a moderately wealthy 
man in the East. The black 
market rate of the dollar is 
said to. be about 600 zloties. 
about. four times the official 

rale. Save 100 dollars on a tnp 
and one' has netted 60.000 
zloties, or four months’ 
average wages. 

ft is eays to spot the official 
trade reprentauve on the 
move. At Warsaw airport his 
begs are overweight, bulging 
with cans of soup and spagetti 
which he intends to cook in 
his hotel room in the West. 

He fuels up on canapes at 
cocktail parties; be masters the 
foreign city’s bus system; and 
he always makes time for a 
trip to Woolworth's. A shrewd 
delegate will not simply bring 
back his dollars, he will use 
them to buy coflee, women’s 
tights or chocolate and then 
sell them on the black market 
at home. Th profit margin is 

The whole process is hu- 
miliating and there is a lobby 
for more generous expense 
allowances that would allow 
Soviet bloc negotiators to live 
on a par with their Western 

In terms of personal profita- 
bility, the Thud World is the 
most desirable destination for 
Eastern businessmen. It is 
recognized by the Finance 
Ministry that travelling by bus 
is a more haphazard experi- 
ence and indeed that the 
delegation might not even 
arrive at the negotiating table 
if they relied, say, on the 
scheduled services of Zaire. 
They are thus given a ten per 
cent bonus to cover taxi fores, 
the so-called Tropical Bonus. 

When they return to War- | 
saw they must give a detailed 
breakdown of routes travelled, 
kilometres covered and stan- 
dard cab fires. But this 
document is a recognized 
fiction, uncheckable. 

The Finance Ministry has 
introduced new rules for 19S6. 
The allowances will stay the 
same but foreign trade com- 
panies will have to finance the 
trips of their employees from 
export earnings- But most 
business trips abroad are 
actuaiy to arrange import 
deals, so the overall effect of 
the new ruling will probably 
be less travel for trade 
delegates. Still, the basic 
principle holds good for the 
foot soldiers of East-West 
trade: coming home is the 
nicest thing about going 
abroad. g oyes 

Today’s events 

Exhibitions in progress 

Thomas Howard. Earl of Arundel 
(1586 to 1646k Ashmolean Mu- 
seum. Beaumont Sum. Oxford; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 4. Sun 2 ro 4. 
dosed Mon (ends Jan 12). 

The World of Mary Ellen Best; 
York City Art Gallery. Exhibition 
Square; Mon to Sat 10 to S, Sun 2.30 
to 5 (ends Jan 26). 

Contrasts - textiles and ceramics 
by West Midlands makers: Stafford 
.Art Gallery. The Green; Tues to Fri 
10 to S. Sat 10 to 4, closed Sun and 
Mon (ends Jan 1 1). 

Drawings and illustrations by Ian 
Follock; Newport Museum and Art 
Gallery, John Frost Square. Gwent: 
Mon to Thurs 9.30 to 5. Fri 9.30 to 
4.30. Sal 9.30 to 4. closed Sun (ends 
Jan ID. 

In the Bamboo Grove - 2000, 
tears of Chinese Art; Walsall j 
Museum and An Gallery, Lichfield 1 

Street. Mon to Fri 10 to 6. Sat 10 to 
4.45. dosed Sun (ends Jan 11 ). 

Treasures of Fyvkr. Aberdeen Art 
Gallery. SchoolhiU. Mon to Sal 10 
to 5 (Thurs 10 ro 8). Sun 2 to 5. 

John Tennent and Keith Renni- 
son - paintings and prims; Dorset 
County Museum. High Street. 
Dorchester. Mon to Fri 10 to 3, Sat 
10 to I and 2 to 5 (ends Jan 25L 

Patrick Procklor Prints. Art 
Gallery. Civic Centre. SoatharapMu. 
Tues to Fri 10 to 3, Sat 10 to 4. Sun 
2 to 5. dosed Mon (ends Jan 26). 

Exhibition of recent etchings and 
original drawings by Tessa Beaver, 
with ceramics by Phil Jolley; Helios 
Pictures. 2 Salisbury Road. Mose- 
ley. Birmingham; Mon to Sat 9.30 to 
6.00. dosed Sun (ends Jan 9). 

Masterpieces of reality: Rare 
French 17th Century Pointings, 
Museum &. An Gallery. 96 New 
Walk. Leicester. Mon to Sat 10.00 io 
5-30. Sun 2.00 to 5.30. dosed Fri 
(ends Feb 2). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,936 

The Buildings of Walsall; Walsall 
Museum and Art Gallery Central 
Library. Lichfield St, J0to4.45. 

Royal Photographic Society's 
129th annual international exhi- 
bition; Museum and Art Gallery, 
Castle St, Carlisle, 9 to 5_ 

In their Circumstances: British 
portrait work of the last 2$ years; 
Peterborough Museum and Art 
Gallery, Priestgate. 12 to 5. 


Antique Fair. Town Hall. Bake- 
well, Derbyshire, 10 to 5. . 

Anniversaries j 

| Births: Richard D, regined 1 377-99. 

Bordeaux, 1367; Jacques Etienne 
> Montgolfier balloonist. An no nay, 
Fhrnce. 1745; Gustave Dore, book 
illustrator, Strasbourg. 1832; Carl 
Sandburg poet. Galesburg, Illinois, 
1878. Deaths Fanny Burney, 
noveha and diarist, London 1840; 1 
Gregor MeddeL Geneticist. Brno. 
Czechoslovakia, 1884; Theodore 
Roosevelt. 26th president .of the 
USA 1901-09, Oyster Bay, New 
York, 191 1. Today is the Feast of 
Epiphany. Originally celebrated in' 
the East in honour of Christ's, 
baptism, the Feast is now .observed 
in the West as the manifestation of 
Christ to the Gentiles in the person 

The papers 


1 Leave an area of London with 
dank housing (6). 

5 Back number (8). 

9 Nol in favour of going around 
moving metal (4, 4). 

10 Lacking spirit, long for direction 

11 The diversions of former ages 

overlapped (SL 

12 Paid announcement in place of 
news (6). 

13 The guard's mixed-up offspring 

15 It's nothing more than water! 

17 Inclined to grass? (4). 

19 Bolt together ( 8). 

20 Frank has joined a military 
service to start again (6). 

21 He doesn’t want to feel suited! 

( 8 ). 

22 In the opinion of a vegetarian a 
nasty fruit (6). 

23 Light shelving that’s now 
assembled differently (8). 

24 An appeal for feed pot in the 
gateway (8). 

25 Packed one in tide another - 
that's th; v.r> in an emergency 

2 Are turning black, so may be 
removed (8). 

3 Altering latitude and height (8). 

4 Standard volume, but quite 
outstanding (9). 

5 A writer staying where men get 
roughed up (6, 9). 

6 He'll scoff at ominous rise in 
mounting debt (7). 

7 Call for a general rise (8). 

8 A knight using a spear a great 
deal (8). 

14 Looks over suite - makes 
complaint (3-6). 

15 A union without a single 
member! (8). 

16 Ringing an informer up to storm 
about it (8). 

17 They reduce friction damage in 
barges (8). 

18 The piece of lamb being minut e, 
one prepa red stuffing (8). 

19 Interview an attendant when 
there's some leak (7 )l 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 16,935 
will appear 

next Saturday 

The Sunday Express, comment- 
ing on the plans of Churchill and 
Eden Cabinets to crack down on 
immigration, says: “If only they bad 
pushed their plans through, we 
know now bow much misery we 
would have been spared today. The 
racial tension in our inner cities, the 
riots, the language and cultural 
problems incur schools." 

The Mall on Sunday criticizes 
The silliness of those nations like 
Bangladesh, who spite their own 
citizens in order to make an obscure 
political point by banning an 
English cricket team on the grounds 
that four of its members played and 
coached m South Africa” . . . 

The Sunday Mirror takes up 
Labour's fear that the Government 
intends to replace women workers 
with jobless youngsters. “Of coarse 
our kids should be given every 
opportunity to work . . . But it must 
not be cheap labour, at the expense 
of their parents.” 

The Sunday Times says the only 
sensible target in the war against 
drink-driving would not be to 
impose a zero alcohol limit for 
motorists, but to “convince over- 
indulgers that almost inevitably 
they; will be caught and heavily 

Nature notes 

One or two nutcrackers from Russia 
have been ' reported on the east 
coast: they are like slim brown jays. 
Their normal food is pine seeds, and 
one of these vagrants that was fed 
on apples soon died. When ponds 
are frozen, moorhens wander far 
into the ploughed fields: on land one 
has a chance to see their g re en ^gs, 
with zed .garters and fleshy, toes, as 
they walk with kmg strides, across 
tbeftrrpws. ' _ 

• Wrens. are singing again. and 
nuthatches- are calling noisily: their 
commonest note sounds like a stone 
skinntting^and bouncing across the 
fee. Blue tits look for food among 
reeds and rushes; a damp stem 
sometimes jick-knifes as the bird 
lands, -but. it dings on to- (hie 
da nghn g portion, still probing with 
its tiny beak. 

While, fluffy patches of old man's 
beard still drape the hedges at the 
centre of each tuA there is a dark 
rirej of-brown see ds . On beech-trees, 
the shrivelled leaves, rattle in the 
wind. -but new green leaves' are. 
opening on the . honeysuckle . that 
winds round the trunks of young 
birches. ‘ 1 ‘ ... 

Water voles are normally noctujv 
nal. but on very cold days they will- 
come out of their boles to sit on 
river-banks and feed in the sun. 


London weekends 

The Londbn Tourist Board, 
newly renamed the London Visitor 
and Convention Bureau, offers a 
free 30-page booklet on bow to get 
the best value out of a weekend in 
the capital. A. special . section lists 
Sunday activities, to destroy the 
myth that there is nothing to do on 
Sundays. The booklet is sufficiently 
comprehensive to be of interest to. 
residents as well 1 visitors. .Free for 
LVCB, Information Department; 26 
Grosvenor . ' Gardens, London - 


London and South-east: A23: 
Coulsdon, south London, only one 
lane open between Lion .Green 
Road and the Avenue. . 

Midlands; • MX Hereford and 
Worcester, widening work between 
junctions 4 (A38 Bromsgrove) and 5 
(A38 DroitwicfaX lanes dosed both 
ways, only one lane northbound and 
no northbound access at Junction 
5. expect kmg delays, SOmph 
speed limit. A452: Warwickshire, 
temporary lights at Chelsford 
Bridge, between Leamington and 
Kenuwortb. A5i Nottingham to 
Grantham at Bottesford. Leicester- ■ 
shire, single lane traffic, lights. 

North: M6£ East of Burtonwood 
services.- lane closures, delays at 
peak periods. A6: Kirkland in , 
Kendal, Cambria, resurfacing. 
A5063: Trafford Road, Salford 
(Greater Manchester) between 
Broadway and Taylorson Street, 
single line traffic, local diversions. 
Wales and West A30: Between 
Lifton and Okehampton, Devon, 
lights at various locations. A4J19: 
Uantriwmt to Toitypandy Road, 
Mid Glamorgan, roadworks and 
traffic lights at Williams Town, and 
Tonypasdy. A33& Salisbury to 
Foidingjbndge Road at Bodeuham, 

Scotland: A7& Strathclyde, west of 
IBM factory. Greenock, lane 
restrictions on westbound inside 
lane for 500 metres. A82: 3 miles 
north of Invermoriston, Inverness- 
shire, reco n struction of carriageway 
starts today. A698: At Kelso. 
Roxburghshire, bridge works, single 
line traffic with lights. 

Information sup plied by AA 

Bond winners 

•• ' The . winner of ; this week's 
£100,000 Premium Bond prize with, 
number 18VZ - , IQ6473 lives- in 
Lancashire: £50.000: 6TZ 946616 
(Northamptonshire). £25,000: 
I8WB 665382 (Gloucestershire).' .. 



Weak ridge of high pressure will 
decline as frontal troughs 
approach from the west 

- 6 am to midnight 

tiomfcm. Cm 8. CM N Erigtand, MMtands. 
Cfwiti Made fitaflyrky.log patches stow 
» Otar, rtnd variants fight. max map 3C 

NOON TODAY haetine b lhown in tnillibais RONTS Warn Cold Ocdudadl 

(Symbol* m on advwtag 

flE-fogM. E Anflfit: Rath* cloddy, a into 
rah or stoat to places. wind IW moderate, mm 

E. he Enfoad, Bur rt m e . t i M wnk urtm 
Radar doudy, a Ms rain w hast hi ptacm. 
tog patches stow to dear. wind fight Ejnx 
temp 3C (37F). 

sar BiM * Mas: A tow showare dying 
out andretefty tog at feat, dry and auaiytor a 
thw but rain In evening. wtotf NW am* 
becoming SWiaodarare or hash, max nmpBC 

{m&Ibs, NW England. Late (fotrtct tala eff 
Mm SW Br o fora t magn; Argyfc partly 
fog stow to ctaar. scattered showers, whd 

becoming SW foht to nodarato. mm tamp 4C 


NW Seafood. Orfoeyi Most* cloudy rtto 
shower* or outbreaks <tf rata, steal or snow, 
wind E moderate or freaft. max tamp SC S7F). 
toa fo nd : Shows sans snow wind E 
moderate or trash, max tamp 2C C36FI. 

N Ireland: Patchy tog clearing, chy and bright 
lor a tone but ratal later, wtod SW fight 
becoming strong, max taw? 6C (43R. 
tto foofc tor tomorrow and Wadna sda y 

Outbreaks id rata spreadng across (ten and s 
areas, turning to snow hi ptaceo. B eco m ing 
lass coto In (has. 

SEA PASSAGES: S Marti foa, Stratt of Oarer: 
Vftnd N fresh or strong becoming rartafata Iffo, 
occ a s ions! ratal ar inas ytetofty tno da rete or 
poor, sea rough baccmtaig shkxNIi. EnflBab 
Chaaoal (E* fond MW ftwsn or strong batfdng 
S. showore. vtobOty good, aaa moderate or 
rough. St Oaorga'a C h annel; tort Sec Wtod 
-W fight backing SE stron g, rain later, steftnty 
moderate or good, aaa smooth b aconfeig 

High tides 

London Bridge 











b-tshra sky; bo-bhie star and ctourb c-doudy; 
o-erarcast Mog: d-drtefo: h-tmt rrwnfec 



r-rafcc abattoir, fo-dwderatonicp-ahowars. 
Arrows show «W (fraction, wtno upend {mph) 
cfectod. tamparauas centigrade. 

v»t_— m. .m . — 

wnuuirvri ifora 

TMa measurement to i 

HT W Iff 
S.1 10-06 6J 
HU 19 
104 104 11.2 
3D 7 30 34 

1U1 Z49 104 

4.7 1.19 4 A 

£9 7.09 6.7 

4J5 12.49 4g 
43 832 4.7 

3.3 8.06 33 

47 629 53 

US 2.16 S3 

7.4 147 7.7 

48 10.49 54 

8.0 7.1 B &2 

23 5J3 2.1 

43 8.12 42 

5.7 2.06 83 

SA 1.05 63 

3.1 134 34 

47 1234 43 

13 238 13 

4 2 729 43 

53 7.16 5JZ 

4.1 73 33 

7.7 £16 8.0 


XT 734 3.7 


fe. wW .Moon rises: 

- 335am - 
New Moam January KL 


' Tinea ftjrttoft» rates are as faSows; 

i Tv«as Porttoso is. tree. Purchase of Tin 
Tlmests ntrts aenHoBotteMfig pari. 

- ^.Ttowe Porfloeo tot a ow p t te a a a gras o* 
TTte Stock Exch^ iga and qwrtd In tlw Ttaoas 

The ponnd 


Rataa tor smas denanMtan bank notes on*. 
rtWDPfirt by Bartesya Bank PUX Dffarant 
ratey a»ry ro aa ra a s ca' cfrsques.and olfor 
torai^i currency business. 

Rateil Price tardas 378.4. 

^Mfo^nia fTIndnctoiad onFthtayrto IT-1 

HrerVortaThe Dow Jonas Mustatt avtrege 
doted on Fraay up 1137 8*154020. 

The fat la (frtosd Into tour croups of ten 
rtaraa ( 1 - 10 . u- 20 . 21 -ao eid irXoj m 
wary Por tfofio card contntais two nunbara 
nan each group. 

3 Timas Pontoto “«^»ldand• , w* be to 

figure In panes which raprasants to optenum 
mofanwnt tarprices 4a, largast tai croaa a or 
ccmjfcaaan of sight (two from 
Otto 40 stores whSTon any day. 
Times Porttefic far. 

4 Tto da fo fo Wan d wUbaannouncadaaoh' 

5 rtmaaPontoao fat and datefis at to drty - 
or w es ld y rtfowte wd afao bs airtitiu -for 
ta is pscfonattooWcasofThaTarraa. - 

6 It Bis cveraa price roo fo nat t rt more than 
one cumhhrton ot stores equals to dMdand. 
to ixtia w* be-aqurty rHdad among to 
dstarana ' hokfeig those comWnatfons of 

7 Al datana vs subtect Id aenrfim baton 
payment- rttf Timas Pontolo care tot b 
dsfaca4 tampered arti or hworraedy printed In 
snywaywNrbadKfoadrekd. . 

B BnCeyaaa a* News tntemrtonai pto and 
_ a U i w Marias and or Eurovlnt Group LMted 
(praduocra and dsrouton or to renfl or 
m entor al tote tanma teate tatirtas n not 
rtowsdaiplBy Ttowa PoRtoBo. 

S M p an iopma a wa oa auascr to mesa 
fWaa. Al InrtucBona on "how to ptanr" and 
Twa to. etelm" wtotor pobfisned h the 
Timas or a Item P or Bcfl o cards art 'bo 
dss m sdtaiba port o« toss Boss. - 

-10 te aoy dispota . The Ertor's derision b 
Art and no correspondence yfl be entered 
RDl _ 

„ V .H faryyra Mrai T toTteiaa ftteas Page 
to to nornrt way Tanas 
PatWoart M Mpancted tor totfoy. 

Hew 4a play - Drty OMdaod 
On aaoh dapyow uniqus sat of aVU martos 
art represent oonsTterdte arid Industrial thus 
pubeSed In Tha-Ttoras Pcrdoto 1st which rrt 
appear on to Stock E Su cti rt flo moss papa. 

h to columna molded new to your tores 
non the price change j+ or -), In panes, as 
putfohad ta tttetdayYTlmes. 

Alter bitop to pries changes of your sight 
shares for that day, add up afi eight share 
changes to ghre you you- orerafi total phn or 
minus (+ or-). 

Check your ownl total against The Timas 
Rorttcfc tfvfdeod pu&Wwd on to Stodt 
Exchangs Prices page. . 

It yew ovarrt total . matches Tbs Tfcnoo 
Pontoao dMdand you hare won oustott or a 
stare of to total prize money stated to oat 
dsy~and must dafin your prtea at Inat n lctsd 

. ^ PoreoBo-tmw toptar 
-Monttey-SBtoTtey record your drty Pontolo 

'.Add. -than together to determine .-your 

If your tort rmtehea to pobfirted w ee W y 
dMdand figure yon have won outright or a 
. share of to prize money elated to tot weak, 
and natfotan yorr prize aa Instructed ttefoK 


Tanuaraturu at midday y a sterd ar c,doud*. I, 
rtc r. rebr a, sun; an, snow. 

..G F - - C F 

Ba foat c 3 37 Ouerssey r 5 41 - 

.Msfiafoa « 1 34 tearaoa aaa c -t 30 
■teckdooi c 3 37 Je rsey . . « . fi 43 

Bristol .0*3 37 London e 3 37 

Carrtl 03 36 Vaactteaiar an 1 34 

Erttorgh f -1 30 Nawcastla a -3 27 
CSaagow e 1 34 Roukton 

Lighting-op time 

London 438 pm to 1JSS em 
Bristol 448 pm to7M am 

_ ZQpm to 8.11 am 
. Mwschaator t Jfr pm to 7 J3 am 
l Penzance 5J6 pm to 750 am 

. ’ . ‘ London 

Yastarday: Taotpe max 6 am to fepm, SC MIFfc 
mln 6 pm to 8 era. 4C PBF). HurfUtr. 6 pm. 79 
par cant Ratar 24hr to S pm. ante. Sure 2«r 
to 6 pm. tdL Bar. mart sew terel. 6 pm. 9954 

MIDUAY: e. ctood; 4 ditzfo; L Mr; Ig. tog; r. rein; a, sun; si, aleet; an, snow. 
C F C F C F 

* 1 34 natarea 1 13 65 

8 -4 25 Mafepi a 14 57 

I 14 57 Malta f 15 59 

a 3 37 Melbourne 8 19 BS 

a 11 fi2 MmdcoC 

d 15 69 fifoml 

s 9 48 Uan f 0 32 

c 1 34 Montreal* an -11 12 
C 18 81 Moscow c -7 19 

f 1 34 Km** a -1 30 

f 15 59 Nairobi t 28 79 

an -3 27 Nsptaa f 14 57 

9 15 59 NswOefo a 16 61 

9 -4 25 New York* c 7 45 

1 15 59 1 10 50 

a 30 86 Oslo M 4 21 

1 26 79 Parte c 3 37 

■ 21 70 Faking* o -9 ie Vancouver* 

c 19 66 Perth I 34 93 vSteT^ 

» « 57 Prague 1-130 Vteorte 
a 2 38 Rnytoavfe T 5 41 Warsaw 

f 2 36 
c -1 30 
r 19 68 

T 8 46 

al 2 36 
r 6 *3 
in 0 32 
a 0 32 
a 28 79 
I 19 66 
a 23 73 
o 15 58 

New York* 

f 0 32 
an -11 12 

c -7 19 
a -1 30 
I 28 79 
f 14 57 
a 16 61 
c 7 45 
1 10 50 
an 4 21 
c 3 37 
3 -9 18 
I 34 93 
1 -1 30 
r 5 4i 
r 15 59 
S 20 68 
r 28 82 

Saobago* s 28 82 
Seoul s -14 7 
Singapore r 25 77 
Stockholm an -6 13 
Strasbo u rg f 3 37 
Sydney f 23 73 

Tanetto c 19 88 
Tokyo c 7 45 
Toronto* an *5 23 
Tunis I 14 57 

Vtaaoda f 12 54 
VBnoounar* c 3 37 
Vaofea a 3 37 
Wanna a 1 34 
Waraww a -2 28 
Wmgggon-a 12 54 

Zurich f 1 34 

to 6 pm. ML Sa 


mask, fotmfoyt Temp: max 6 am ta 6 pm. 4C CSSFt 
mfci 6 pm to 6 am. -1C (30R. Humidhy: 6 pm, 91 
per cant Rate: 24hr to 8 pm. Oram. Sun: 34te 
to S pm, SJJfihr. Bar. mean aaa level. Bom. 
- 1 JJ 0 e .1 nfifoars.Mng. 1 JJ 00 nrtbara - 3&- 

Highest and lowest 

The Tima PortfeBe riateni fin# 
beta— an lOJOOrem and 330 on, 


acc ep te d m ds Ma torn horns. 

You mu st hare your card wg» you when you 

If you are unabia to Bfojhmte aonaona stea 
can culm an your beirtl but Vwynut hare 
your card anti cal The Ttowa ftorttofio ctetma 
One betweantoe sfertatod ttanaa. 

Mb responeCbRy can be accepted tor tefiura 
to can toct tew dams office tor any reaami 
wtihtai the stated hours. 

The above toatrucBone are rtpBcable to 
both dafiy and t— eHy dMdand dakna. - 

Bbnm Ttowa PonMto cards hebda mtnor' 
ufoatart tai trie tawteuafane an too mvsraa 
alda. These cares are not kwauatod. 

• The worfog of IMes 2 and 8 haa bean 
awnndad tepm aarfiar verdona lor ctertficatlon 
Pubobbs. The Qame Rart W not affected and 
Mcorrtu to tw pteyod h totBCtfy tba MPte 
wsy as before. 



T936. Print e d and paMshed by Times 
United, R0L to 7. 200 
Read. London. WC1X SEZ. 
TdmiMfle; 01-837 1234. Tri r 
aaa newspaper at too Foa Qfifcai