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No 62.338 





Livingstone's legacy 
What will happen to 
London when the 
GLC disappears? 
Missing children 
How Britain can 
learn from 

American experience 
Trading places 
JackStraw looks at 
the growth in foreign 
exchange dealing 

High hopes 
Setting sail for a 
British victory in 
the America's Cup 

There were two winners of tile 
£2,000 Times Portfolio compe- 
tition yesterday. Mrs Murid 
Craig of St Albans. Hertford- 
shire. and Mrs J. tL Bristow of 
Huntingdon, each receive 
£1.000. Portfolio list, page 22: 
how to play, information 
service, back page. 

warned by 

\fr K. F. “Pik" Botha, the 
Sleuth African Foreign Minister. 
l'3i toM Botswana that South 
Africa reserves the nght to take 
appropriate action to protect 
: lie lives of its citizens". 
i'rcJnna has frequently quoted 
.■ hai u terms as international 
km .is justification for cro&s- 
mrdcr retaliatory raids. 

Border tension, page g 

Union elections 
under scrutiny 

i om plaints by members of the 
! ranspori and General 
Workers' Union about the 
conduct of the recent contro- 
versial elections for the union 
executive are being investigated 
hy the government-appointed 
i ertifienuon Officer for Trade 
• : rtscjns Page 2 

French favourite 

"> ne French Government is 
:!ioughi to favour a rail-only 
. lunnel tunnel . because if 
.'•nsiders the rail system as one 
.•His strengths Page 6 

Leading article, page 15 

Kasparov doubt 

Gary Kasparov, the world 
i-ln-vi champion, predicted in 
.in inter* ie« with Der Spiegel 
:hat his title rematch with 
Aaalol* Karpov would be 
called off by the World Chess 

Chess denial, page 8 

Computer boost 

t indeierred by the blackest year 
since the personal computer 
business began in the UK, 
manufacturers are about to 
ijunth new models Page 15 

Coal demand 

\ demand for lower coal prices 
a as made by Mr Philip Jones. 
• hanman of the Electricity 
■. uuncil. which is the biggest 
•.ucinmer of the National Coal 
Hoard Fage J9 

Officer convicted 

1 he head of the Dorset police 
iraific division has been given a 
•^upended Jail sentence after 
Admitting driving at more than 
three umes ihe legal drink level. 

Page 3 

Maze fast ends 

The republican hunger strike in 
the Maze prison by convicted 
murderers Robert TothilJ, 
Gerard Stcenson and Thomas 
Power has ended Page 2 

‘Spy’ inquiry 

The inquiry into the Cyprus 
secrets trial was told that 
reculaiions governing the arrest 
and detention of servicemen 
were “appallingly incomprehen- 
sible.'* Page 2 

Tough choice 

Yuogslavia has chosen a har- 
' dimer. Mr Branco Mikulic, as 
us next Prime Minister, in a 
surprise shuffle intended to 
battle unemployment and in- 
flation. Page 6 

Glamour tie 

Liverpool and Chelsea, third 
and fourth respectively in the 
first division, have been drawn 
to play each other in the FA 
Cup fourth round 

Full draw, page 25 

Heseltine told by 
law chief: 
Stick to the facts 

• The Solicitor-General has accused Mr 
Michael Heseltine of a “material inaccur- 
acy” in a letter about the Westland rescue 
straggle to Lloyds merchant bank 

• Sikorsky-Fiat Improved their offer for 
Westland s to inclode a guarantee of two 
million man hours of work and a £74 
million cash injection 

• The EEC Commissioner for Industry 
warned the company that it could lose 
European deals if it accepted the Sikorsky 

• Sir John Cockney* the Westland 
chairman* said he would not pat the 
European offer to shareholders. If the 
Sikorsky package was rejected, receiver- 
ship was inevitable 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Solicitor General, Sir 
Patrick Mayhcw. warned Mr 
Michael Heseltine. Secretary of 
Stale for Defence, yesterday 
that he had a strict duty to stick 
to the facts in his campaign for 
an AngfoEuropean rescue of 
the Westland helicopter com- 

That remarkable warning, 
contained in a highly confiden- 
tial Whitehall memorandum, 
was leaked yesterday- by senior 
Whitehall sources. 

A Press Association report 
said: “The Solicitor General. Sir 
Patrick Mayhew. in an almost 
unprecedented move, this after- 
noon. accused Mr Michael 
Heseltine of a 'material inaccur- 
acy’ in a letter about the 
Westland helicopter deal which 
the Defence Secretary wrote to 
Lloyds Merchant Bank on 

Whitehall sources opposed to 
Mr Heseltine then trumped 
their earlier leaks with a partial 
text of Sir Patrick’s letter, which 
allegedly complained of Mr 
Hesdtrnc’s threat that if West- 
land joined forces with United 
Technologies-Fiat it could jeo- 
pardize participation in Euro- 
pean collaborative projects. 

The Heseltine text, as pub- 
lished in Saturday's Tinta. said 
“There are indications available 
to HMG [her Majesty's 

Government] from both the 
Other govenments and the 
companies concerned that a 
Westland link with Sirkorsky- 
Fial would be incompatible 
with participation . . ” 

'Sir Patrick was said to have 
written to Mr Heseltine: "This 
sentence when read with the 
rest of the paragraph necessarily 
implies that all the governments 
and all the companies involved 
in the collaborative battlefield 
helicopter and NH90 projects 
have given this indication to 

Westland chronology 2 
Leading article 15 

Kenneth Fleet 19 

At that point in the leak it 
became unclear whether there 
were sentences or even para- 
graphs missing, but the leak 
went on: “The Government in 
such circumstances is under a 
duty not to give information 
which is incomplete or inaccur- 
ate in any material particular'*. 

The next leaked sentence 
read: “And 1 must therefore 
advise you That you should 
write again to Mr Horne 
(managing director of Lloyds 
Merchant Bank) correcting the 
mn accuracies". 

It was reported later that Mr 

Heseftine’s reaction had been 
robust in the extreme: that there 
had been complaints of legal 

Other Whitehall sources were 
unclear as to whether Mr 
Heseltine had in fact been 
mistaken, and it was suggested 
by defence ministry sources that 
Sir Patrick was merely advising 
that the text should be 

It was said that Sir Patrick 
had seen the Heseltine letter in 
The Times on Saturday and he 
felt it necessary to be legally 

The suspicion at the Ministry 
of Defence was that ho had been 
“put up to it” by the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry and 
that the Department had then 
leaked ihe result in an at tempi 
to sabotage Mr Hesehine’s pro- 
Europcan campaign. 

The next move will be up to 
Mr Heseltine, but if he does 
correct his letter to Lloyds 
Merchant Bank hen his correc- 
tion - and retreat - will have 10 
be made public. 

Mr Heseltine made clear 
later, however, that no correc- 
tion was necessary - that he had 
stuck to the facts. 

It was said last night that all 
the latest developments in the 
Westland saga will be reported 
to the cabinet on Thursday. 

Warning by Westland backs new 

Hume News 


Leatirag articles 



2 nd Letters 








Prem Bonds 








Snow reports 




Sport 24-26 

Cnwfltds 14.32 

TV & Radio 




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Features 10.12-14 



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on US deal 

. . From Richard Q»en . 


The EEC Commissioner for 
Industry, with the backing, of 
the commission presidents in- 
tervened yesterday in the 
Westland helicopter controver- 
sy to urge shareholders to 
accept the European option. 

Herr Karl Heinz Narjes of 
West Germany gave a warning 
that Britain could be shot out of 
European helicopter deals and 
military projects if Westland 
went into partnership with the 
United States. . 

He held ont the prospect of 
long-term financial aid within a 
revived European Air Industry 
Corporation if the Sikorsky- 
Fiat offer was turned down, but 
hinted that the Europeans 
would not only refuse to co- 
operate with Westland but 
boycott its products also if they 
went ahead with the American 

M Jacques Delors, of 
France, the EEC Commission 
president, appeared to give his 
support when he spoke of 
“playing the European card". 

Speaking from the EEC 
Commission headquarters, 
Herr Narjes emphasized that 
he did not wish to interfere in 
the affairs of Westland, but the 
Commission had "serious prob- 
lems as to the fundamental 
implications of the deal” with 

Continued on page 2, col 6 

By Judith 

The Westland board unveiled 
The improved £74 million 
rescue package from Sikorsky 
and Fiat yesterday. 

Unconditional offers of work 
totalling rwo million man hours 
over five years have been put 
forward as well as a reduction in 
shareholding by the US and 
Italians and and injection of 
more money. 

The boatxi sent the details of 
the improved offer to share- 
holders yesterday unanimously 
recommending them to vote for 
the offer on January 14. 

Sir John Cuckney, Westland’s 
chairman, said yesterday that he 
will not be putting to the vote 
the rival £72.1 million rescue 
package from the European 
consortium backed by Mr 
Michael Heseltine, the Secretary 
of State for Defence. 

Sir John Cuckney: Out- 
lined Sikorksy’s new offer. 


The shareholders will be 
asked to agree restructuring to 
allow new Sir John 
said if 50 per cent did not agree, 
receivership was inevitable - 
and the only restructuring 
package on the table is the 
Sikorsky-Fiat offer. 

Sir John added: “I will not let 
shareholders vole on both 
schemes. Wc arc not in a 
takeover position here. We 
must have a capital reconstruc- 
tion in place. 

“There is a dangcr.that if we 
had a vote on two competing 
offers, the company would tall 
between two stools. That is a 
very’ dangerous position.” 

It is believed that the 
members of the European 
consortium improved their 
offer at a meeting held last night 
with Sir John. He was in talks 
with Sir Austin Pearce, the 
chairman of British Aerospace, 
and its managing director and 
chief executive. Sir Raymond 
Lygo, and Mr James Prior, the 
chairman of GEC, together with 
Lord Weinstock, GECs manag- 
ing director. 

Sir John indicated last night 
that he would keep the January 
14 timetable. But he agreed 
"there is a price for everything 
and there must be a possibility 
that the Europeans will put up a 
better offer which I will 

Westland’s board was keen to 
emphasize that it is the quality 
Continued on page 2. col S 

Sudan famine appeal to Geldof 

By Paul Vallely 

Six major aid agencies in 
Sudan have made an appeal to 
Bob Geldof. the Band Aid 
organizer, after claiming that 
their headquarters are ignoring 
a rapidly deteriorating situation 
which could lead to a repetition 
of last year’s famin e in the west 
of the country. 

The agencies are so alarmed 
that, for the first time, they have 
drafted a joint statement. “They 
have sent it to me because their 
own bead offices have all 
refused to issue it because it 
points the finger at what went 
wrong last year” Mr Geldof 
said last night, before releasing 
the statement on a BBC Radio 1 
current affairs programme. 

The statement, drawn up by 
Oxfam. Save the Children, 
Care, The League of Red Cross 
and other agencies, says: "The 
emergency is continuing. The 
response of the donor govern- 
ments is not. Not a single new 
commitment of either food or 
money resulted from an inter- 
national government donors’ 
conference in New York”. The 
United Nations, which spon- 
sored the conference, has itself 
run out of money for Sudan, the 
agencies claim. 

Sudan's minimum needs 
have been known for nearly 
three months. Agency estimates 
in October of four million 
people at risk, needing 400.000 
tons of food, were confirmed in 

November by a UN mission 
which put the requirement at 
5 1 7,000 ions. 

"Unless donor governments 
provide this money now there 
will be no time to move grain to 
the famine areas before the 
rains halt transport, as hap- 
pened last year”, the statement 

The Save the Children Fund 
last night informed Band Aid in 
a telex that Kordofan. one of 
two areas at risk in the west of 
Sudan, would this week run out 
of food for distribution. 

Mr Geldof said that Band 
Aid would immediately send a 
two man team to Sudan to see 
how aid could be mobilized 
most quickly. 

Sir Patrick Mayhew (left) and the embattled Mr Michael Heseltine. 


By Clare Dobic 

Mr Andrew Lloyd Webber, 
the composer whose hits 
include Cars and Starlight 
Express, will receive ui least 
£8.9 million when his company. 
The Really Useful Group, is 
floated on the Stock Exchange. 

Air Lloyd Webber, who owns 
70 per cent of the company is 
selling 2.8 million shares. The 
remaining holding is valued at 
£13.4 million at the minimum 
tender price. 

Mr Brian Brolly, the com- 
pany's managing director, is 
selling 1.2 million shares worth 
£3.8 million 2 nd the company is 
issuing a further I million 
share* to raise £2 million for 
itself after expenses. 

Mr Lloyd Webber yesterday 
said the notation would “leave 
me much more free to concen- 
trate on composing”. He 
bMfcvcs it «ill raise the profile 
of both the company and the 
industry. It will also enable the 
company to buy oul Mr Uoyd 
Webbers half share in the 
P 2 lace Theatre. 

The stock market launch will 
not affect Mr Lloyd Webber's 
royalty income which he said 
was running at "well over £2 
million” a year. 

His former song-writing 
partner. Mr Tim Rice, wfll-bc a 
non-executive director on the 

The Really Useful Group, 
whose chairman is Lord Gow- 
rie. develops and exploits 
copyrights on works by Mr 
Lloyd Webber such as Cats, 
Starlight Express, Song and 
Dance and a new production. 
The Phantom of The Opera. 
The company also nses works 
by other composers, bat last 
year Cats contributed 87 per 
cent of net income. 

Profits have risen sharply 
from £24,000 in the 23 months 
to June 1981 to £2.7 million 
last year. The company is 
forecasting a farther increase to 
not less than £4.2 million in the 
year to June. 

The company and its ad- 
visers, J Henry Schroder 
Wagg, have chosen to use 
tender, rather than a fixed 
price offer for sale, because of 
the difficulty in pricing this 
type of company. 

The minimum tender price is 
320p a share but analysts 
expect the initial trading price 
to be 350p or higher, reflecting 
widespread demand from pri- 
vate investors. 

The company will own the 
copyright to any works written 
by Mr Lloyd Webber in the 
next seven years. He has 
several projects in mind, 
including producing his first 

Application lists for the 
shares will open on January 14 
and dealings are expected to 
start on January 21. 

Tempus, page 21 

papers to Fr end! 

From Diana G trades, Paris 

Details of what is claimed 10 
be the most important counter- 
espionage operation ever con- 
dueled against the Soviet KGB 
b\ a Western power are 
revealed in a book 10 be 
published here on Friday, 
extracts from which arc repro- 
duced in this week’s issue of ihe 
respected French news weekly, 
Le Paint. 

The existence of a spy. code- 
named “Farewell", working for 
the French at the very heart ot 
the KGB. had been suspected 
for some lime, but this is the 
first time that the scale and 
impact of the operation has 
been revealed in public. 

According to Thierry Welter., 
a journalist with Lc Paint and 
author of the forthcoming book 
entitled Le KGB ti; France, it 
was “Farewell" who was re- 
sponsible for the spectacular 
expulsion of 47 Soviet spies 
from France in April 1983. tor 
the unmasking in October 19$4 
of the German spy. Manfred 
Rotscli. who had been passing 
arms secrets to the Russians for 
17 }cars: and tor the acquisition 
by the West of a list of the 
Soviet organizations and prici- 
pal agents invelovcd in obtain- 
ing Western technological and 
scientific secrets for the Rus- 

In all. “Farewell” passed 
around 4,000 top secret docu- 
ments to the Direcion de la 
Surveillance du Tcrritoire 
(DSTj the French counter- 
espionage service, between the 
spring of 1981 and November 

1°S2, when lie “disappeared)). 
“The quality of the information 
he provided makes him. to this 
da:, the most important ‘mole’ 
recruited by a Western service 
at the heart of the So\ ie: 
espionage machine" Thierry 
Woiton writes. 

M Woiton credits “Farewell" 
with the sudden US change of 
heart toward the French Social- 
ist Government, with its Tour 
Communist ministers, after 
President Mitterrand came to 
power in May ! 9S ! . Having at 
first been highly suspicious of 
the new regime. President 
Reagan reportedly changed his completely alter having 
beer show n ihe top secret 
“Farewell*' dossier by M Mitter- 
rand when the wo met at the 
economic summit in Ottawa in 
July 1081. 

“Farewell" is also credited by 
M Woiton with provoking in 
1^83 one of the largest hauls of 
Soviet spies e'er to be un- 
masked in the West. In all. 148 
Soviet "diplomats” were 
expelled from Western coun- 
tries that year, including y8 
from Europe. 

' Farewell” virtually fell into 
the rrcneh counter-espionage 
serv ice's lap w hen, in the spring 
of 1981. a Frenchman walked 
inio the service's offices in Paris 
carrying two letters which 3 
“Soviet friend high up in the 
Soviet civil service" had given 
him in Moscow. In the letters, 
the Russian claimed that he has 
served in the Soviet Embassy in 

Continued on back page, cef 1 

US policy 
on Libya 

From Christopher Walker 

The Kremlin publicly entered 
the Libya crisis yesterday with a 
statement attacking the LIS for 
its behaviour in the wake of titc 
Rome and Vienna airport 
terrorist outrages and accusing 
it of seeking to punish Libya in 
order 10 demonstrate Us own 
military might. 

The tense situation emerged 
as a threat to the new climate of 
Soviet-American harmony. 

At a special briefing yesterday 
Mr Vladimir Lomeiko. the chief 
Soviet Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man. claimed that Libya and 
01 her regional flashpoints, in- 
cluding Syria and Nicaragua, 
were being exploited by right- 
wingers in Washington who 
were uying ic sabotage ihe 
recent improvement of relations 
with Moscow. 

Mr Lomeiko said Washing- 
ton was making no attempt to 
solve the Libya crisis peacefully. 
On the contrary, it vas practis- 
ing a policy of “stale terrorim” 
in breach of i n tern aii anal 
charters by issuing Threats 
against Libya and ns leader. 
Colonel GadalTi. 

Diplomatic observers noted 
that Mr Lomeiko was the first 
So'ict spokeman to speak on 
the issue. Although pressed 
hard by Western correspon- 
dents, he refused to give any 
Soviet military committment to 
come to the Libyan leader's aid 
if a LiS attack against him 

The refusal of the Kremlin 
official 10 be drawn op. the 
question was seen as reflecting 
some of the difficulties which 
have entered So\ tei-Lib; an 
relations since Gadaffi’s visit to 
Moscow in October, and appar- 
ent problems in making pro- 
gress towards the signing of a 
friendship ireaty with me Scvfci 

Mr Lomeiko appeared to in- 
to draw 2 distinction between 
the attitude of President Reagan 
and hardline members of his 
Administration, whom he ac- 
cused of being “angered and 
irritated" at the improved 
atmosphere between Washing- 
ton and Moscow. 

He ulieged tha: the hardliners 
(whom nsfdld not idem if / 1 were 
“pouring petrol” on old regional 
disputes, notably in the Middle 
East, Central America and 
southern Africa, in their att- 
empt to pursue a policy of ’'new* 

“li. is symptomatic that 
outbursts of 'regional preoccu- 
pation* in Washington always 
coincide with those periods 
when opportunities appear in 
relations between the USSR and 
ihe USA to reach agreements, ca 
measures concerning the central 
issue of lessening the war 

Much of the anti-Arr.crcar, 
rhetoric during the dO-m’nutv 
briefing had been familiar, 
almost daily fare before last 
year’s superpower meeting in 
Gene' a, but had been much Ie:s 
frequently heard here sine-.. 

Damascus puzzle, paje 6 


US envoy 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

Sir Antony Acland. aged 55, 
Permanent Under-Secretary at 
the Foreign Office for the past 
four years, has been appointed 
as the new British ambassador 
to Washington, it was an- 
nounced yesterday. 

He will succeed Sir Oliver 
Wright, aged 64, who retired 
from the Diplomatic Service in 
1981 only to be summoned 
back a year later by Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher to become 
Britain’s most important rep- 
resentative abroad. The change- 
over will lake place this 

The new permanent head of 
ibe Foreign Office will be Sir 
Paiick \v right, aged 55. at 
present ambassador 10 Saudi 

Sir .Antony’s appointment 
means that for the first time in 
nearly 10 years Britain’s senior 
diplomatic post has been given 
to 2 serving career diplomat. 

Top diplomat, page 5 

Half-point rise 
in interest 
rates feared 

Financial analysts believe 
that the Chancellor may be 
forced to raise base rates by half 
a point to 11.5 per cent, to 
protect the pound after money 
market rates rose yesterday. 

Shares and government 
stocks fell in response. The 
Financial Times industrial ordi- 
nary share index dropped by 7.8 
to I! 4 1 .8. The pound was 
boosted to 5 1 -44 1 5 against the 
dollar. Later in New York it 
slipped to SI. 4330 because of 
feats of weaker oil prices. 

Details, page 19 

How TV chat left Jaruzelski speechless 

From Roger Boyes 

It was intended to be a 
breakthrough, an example of 
how a Communist leader could 
talk with candour directly 10 his 

instead, there was a break- 
down. And now the heads have 
begun to roll. General Jam 
zelski’s advisors had been 
impressed by the new Gorba- 
chov style: the fireside chat with 
President Reagan, the walk- 
abouts. The General, it was 
decided, would mark his elev- 
ation to head of the Polish state 
by abandoning the formal and 
straitlaced New Year’s Eve 
speech to the nation, and 

instead have a quiet, rambling 
chat with two television inter- 

Unfortunately, the speech 
was so intimate that it was 
inaudible. A special learn of 
security-cleared technicians, 
recorded the talk 36 hours in 
advance, forgot to clip a 
microphone to the General's tie 
and had moreover scattered the 
sound equipment apparently at 
random around the presidential 

The result was a deep echo, 
not unlike a Dracula film, and 
the destruction of every fourth 
or fifth of the General’s 
carefully-prepared words. 

When the mistake was 

discovered, there was panic in 
the Polish television studios. 
Special sound filters were 
brought into use but nobody 
had the nerve to ask the 
General to repeat his intimacy. 

In fact, very 1 few Poles appear 
to have noticed that the 
message to the nation was 
garbled, perhaps because the 
message was familiar enough, 
perhaps because there were 
other more fluid diversions on 
New Year's Eve. 

But the authorities noticed. 

On Sunday night, during the 
Polish equivalent of News at 
Ten. a Director-General of 
Polish television, Mr Alck- 
sander Perczynski, read out the 

text of his own resignation, and 
apologised to the nation. The 
appropriate punishments had 
been handed out, he said, and 
he accepted overall responsi- 
bility for the blunder. 

There is particular sensitivity 
in Poland at the moment about 
how current affairs and news 
should be handled on tele- 
vision: the outgoing Soviet 
Ambassador to Poland, Mr 
Alexander Aksyonov, has just 
been, appointed heed of Soviet 
radio and television. 

A former KGB official. Mr 
Aksyonov monitored Polish 
television output very carefully 
during his stint in Warsaw. At 
least one director has resigned 

Starts Tomorrow Wednesday 8th January 9am to 

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. : -.the Times Tuesday January 7 1986 

Union watchdog 

complaints about 
TGWU poll 

By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 

The Government-appointed 
Certification Officer for Trade 
Unions is investigating com- 
plaints from members of the 
Transport and General 
Workers* Union about the 
conduct of recent elections for 
the union executive. 

Elections to the union's 
governing body were sur- 
rounded with controversy be- 
cause some of the voting may 
not have complied with the 
employment legislation. Now 
the certification officer has 
written to Mr Ron Todd. 
TGWU general secretary, re- 
questing bis views about com- 
plaints from two of the union's 

1c is understood that the 
complaints, from region one, 
covering London and the Home 
Counties, and region five, in the 
Midlands, relate to allegations 
that union members were not 
given the opportunity to vote 

Voting was held last month 
by secret ballot at workplace 
and branch meetings and 25 
members of the executive of 38 
were elected. The union decided 
at a special conference to 
change its rules for the election 
of the other 14 seals so that they 
complied with the labour laws. 

In the elections for the 25 
territorial representatives, the 
left suffered at least two losses. 

including the defeat of Mr 

Walter Srecndale. a hard-left 
docker who is the present 
chairman of the union. In 
London, the three left candi- 
dates were successful, but the 
London regional secretary has 

written to branches pointing out 
that some of the voting in the 
region had to be discounted. 

Mr Sid Siaden says in his 
circular to branch secretaries, 
territorial representatives and 
members of the London re- 
gional committee: “The scruti- 
neers have found it necessary to 
rule out returns from some 
branches where there had been 
failure to comply with the 
instructions issued for the 
conduct of the bailor. 

Mr S laden said last night that 
the number of invalidate! votes 
was s mall and “as in any 
election when voters do not 
comply with the agreed pro- 
cedures, their rotes are ruled 

Right-wing opponents of the 
TGWU said during the election 
that it was possible that not all 
members were being given the 
opportunity to vote. A spokes- 
man for Mr Matthew Wake, the 
certification officer, said last 
night that, in addition to the 
two specific complaints, several 
other inquiries about the elec- 
tion from union members had 
been received. 

Mr Todd has asked the 
London and Midlands regions 
to give him a report on the 
complaints, but the union 
leadership believes that because 
of the unusual amount of public 
scrutiny of the election it had 
been conducted under “water- 
tight** conditions. 

Voting for the remaining 14 
members of the executive, who 
represent trade groups, is' likely 
to be held next month. 

Terror declines, but 
RUC deaths rise 

From Richard Ford 

Terrorism in Northern Ire- 
land continued to decline last 
year in spite of the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary suffering its worst 
year for deaths since 1976. 

Terrorist shootings and ex- 
plosions decreased by 30 per 
cent and the number of people 
killed in the troubles fell by 10 
to 54, with the Provisional 
IRA's campaign increasingly 
being concentrated in border 
areas, according to the RUC 

The Provisionals were re- 
sponsible for the deaths of all 29 
members of the security forces 
killed last year, and their 
campaign in the province's 
capital was again extremely 
limited, indicating success for 
the RUCs strategy of tight 
security in the main towns and 

The Provisionals killed one 
soldier in the Divis Flats, a 
civilian in a dty centre car park, 
two alleged Roman Catholic 
informers and another Roman 
Catholic youth who died after a 
punishment shooting in west 

The lrish National Liberation 
Army, badly affected by in- 
formers; was responsblc for the 













Attacks on RUC 




Numbers charged with 

terrorist offences 



death of a former Ulster 
Defence Regiment soldier 
murdered in Londonderry, and 
an alleged informer whose body 
was found on the border. The 
oulawed "loyalist” Ulster Free- 
dom Fighters was responsible 
for three deaths. 

There has been a steady 
downward trend in terrorism 
since 1972, the worst year of the 
troubles, although there was an 
increase five yean ago during 
the republic hunger strikes. 

Although officials deny there 
is any acceptable level of 
violence in the province, in 
private many believe the figure 
is reaching the lowest that can 
be achieved. Furthermore, there 
are hopes that the Anglo-Irish 
agreement can in the words of 
one official “smother” by a slow 
process, the terrorists' campaign 
of violence. 

Maze hunger strike ends 

A republican hunger strike in 
the Maze prison crumbled last 
night when all. three prisoners 
pledged to fast to death in 
protest at the supergrass system 
ate a meal 

Robert Tohill; aged 24, a 
convicted murderer, ended his 
19-day fast after being visited in 
the lop-security jail by his wife, 
Cathy, and the Labour peer. 
Lord Gifford, an opponent of 
the use of supergrass evidence. 

Late last night, the Northern 
Ireland office said Gerard 
Steenson and Thomas Power 
had also started eating. 

• Violent “loyalist” attacks on 
the Royal Ulster Constabulary 
were condemned yesterday by 
an embarrassed Mr James 
Molyneaux, Official Unionist 
Party leader, who admitted that 
their cause had been seriously 
damaged by rioting outside the 
Anglo-Irish secretariat head- 

• Agents acting under cover of 
the Northern Ireland Office are 
stimulating agitation in fevour 
of Ulster UDI, Mr Enoch 
Powell, who resigned as MP for 
South Down along with other 
unionists, claimed last night. 




This series of calks is based on the great teachi n gs 
of the past and present. 

It is of particular interest to those seeking answers 
to the simple and funda menta l questions of life. 
What is its purpose? Why ms I brought into being? 

The course also enmities bow these teachings 
can help the individual better to realise his own 
potential and to understand his own nature. 

Since the course was first introduced over 30 
years ago, over 20JXX) men and women have atten- 
ded gnH many have gone on to do another term. 
The most fascinating course I ever inendcdj wrote 
one student. 

The talks which last about 2 hours, art repeated 
each evening and on Saturday mornings, so you 
may vary your attendance bom weak to week. 

12 week introductory course in Philosophy starting 

6tb-Uth January 1986. Monday - Friday 7-OOpjn.i 
Saturday 10.00 am £21 (£11 for full time students-) 

7b enrol, vriu or phone 

90 Queen Is Gate, London SW7. Tel: 01-373 1984- 

Ato .withk 

Srasfc* Cwwtani Cmj** Dcfckh. 
Mudbeste Natunpsin. 


BlKttum. Bradford, BrithHMi. Bnnon- 
Gufldfimi. HalesO-W. Lhtrpool 


Aberfan QC 
among three 

new Law 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Lord Justice Ackner, the 
Court of Appeal judge who 
gained notoriety as a QC in the 
sixties when he fiercely criti- 
cized the National Coal Board 
for the Aberfan tip slide 
disaster, has been appointed a 
Law Lord. 

His appointment was one of 

three announced fry Downing 

Street yesterday to till vacancies 
among the nine Lords of Appeal 
ht Ordinary, as the Law Lords 
are known officially. Lord 
Justice Goff and Lord Justice 
Oliver are the other two 

The vacancies are created by 
the retirement of Lord Scarman, 
the liberal Law Lord who has 
made his name as a champion 
of civil rights and in particular 
of a Bin of rights; of Lord 
Roskill, whose report on fraud 
trials is due to be published oh 
Friday, and by the death last 
year of Lord Diplock. 

Lord-Justice Ackner, aged 65, 
who lists as his interests in 
Who 's Who “swimming, sail- 
ing, gardening, theatre”, was 
appointed a Lord Justice of 
Appeal in 1980. From 1980 to 
1982 he was President of the 
Inns of Coun and the Bar. He 
was appointed a High Court 
judge in the Queen's Bench 
division in 1 971. 

As a QC he made his 
reputation in libel cases, de- 
fending the Internation Herald 
Tribune against an action being 

brought by the Prime Minister 

Mr Harold Wilson. He also 
represented the parents and 
residents at the Aberfan tri- 
bunal. He was known for 
avoiding pomposity and waffle, 
and for his mastery of the 
cutting aside. 

Lord Justice Goff, aged 60. 
was appointed a judge in the 
Court of Appeal in 1982. He is 
co-author of- The Law of 
Restitution. Lord Justice Oliver, 
64. a Court of Appeal judge 
since - 1 980, has- -made his 
reputation in the Chancery 
Division, where he sat from 
1974 to 1980. From 1976 to 
1980 he was a member of the 
Restrictive Practices Court and 
chaired a recent review body on 
the Chancery Division practice 
and procedures. His hobbies are 
gardening and music. 

To replace the three judges 
on the Court of Appal 
Downing Street announced the 
promotion Of three" High Court 
judges: Mr Justice Stocker, Mr 
Justice Woolf and Mr Justice 

Firemen carrying one of the injured from the scene of the underground explosion in a sewer 
tunnel under construction on the outskirts of Glasgow. 

Two killed in sewer explosion 

From Ronald Faux, Glasgow 

Two men died and nine 
others were taken to hospital 
after gas exploded in a sewer 
under construction on the south 
side of Glasgow yesterday. 

The accident occurred in a 
110ft deep tunnel which had 
been closed for two weeks for 
the Christinas and new year 

The Health and Safety 
Executive has begun an investi- 
gation into the explosion, which 
is believed to have been caused 
by a build-up of natural 
methane gas in the 5ft high 

The dead men were named 
by the police as Mr Charles 
Ward, also known as Mr Hugh 
Rogers, aged 48, of Aphort, 
A ran more, Co Donegal in the 
Irish Republic, and Mr Joseph 
Moore, aged 41, of Hnrley 
Road, Greenford, west London. 

One - workman was trans- 
ferred to the serious horns unit 
at the Royal Infirmary, Glas- 
gow, where his condition last 
night was said to be critical. He 
is Mr Cathal Roarty. aged 34, 
of Lubas Place, Tory glen, 

A hospital spokesman said 
the injured .workmen were 
beiqg treated, for gas inha- 
lation, burns and shock. They, 
included Mr James Sweeney, 
aged 45, and his son, also 

James, aged 18, both of 
Aikenhead Road, Glasgow. 

The other victims were Mr 
Thomas Finn, aged 35, of 
Boerielea Avenue, Bnrnage, 
Manchester, and Mr Edward 
McGarvey, aged .31, of Land- 
side Road, CrassMU, Glasgow. 
Four firemen were also taken 
for a precautionary check 
suffering from exhaustion. 

Two men were more than 
100ft along the horizontal 
tunnel when the explosion 
occurred. Five were in the 
vertical entrance shaft Two 
men nearest the surface were 
blown clear. 

The sewer, near Deacon's 
Bank golf dub, is part of a £1 
million replacement system for 
the Newton Mearns district of 
Glasgow. The workmen entered 

the sewer at Sam to begin work 
after the holidays. 

It is thought that a build op 
of the odourless gas was ignited 
either by a spark from a spade 
or an electric switch. 

Mr Finn, who suffered 
bruising, was working his first 
day on the site. He said: **We 
heard a bang and went bade 
there. About 80 to 100 feet 
inside the tunnel I found the 
general foreman. He was 
slumped down, face between 
the rails. 

“I turned him over and tried 
to give him the ldss-of-Qfe 
three times. Then I found he 
was breathing and I gave him 
the kiss-of-life again. Then I 
passed oat, and the next tiling I 
remember is waking up in 

Rules for detention , 


of servicemen , } s ‘ 

baffling’, QC says ‘ 

By Gregory Neale 
tv* a nir-ri Fhrtts Rsub* lations for the Roy's! Air Force. 

rfrtcmfon of servicemen were Regulation 1034. concerting 
“aooailin&Iy incoraprehen- the detention of servicemen; 

JEv^dsbodd * «S3tod. wonicd ’ Mr ' 

j£fnc n ?har y iS^o^fee 1 OvpXs Mr Grey, who was. making: 

told vesterdav. his final . submission ; lotfjo 
SC< M?Roh!n Grev OC counsel inquiry, said that the injerrog-; 
for ^ inS^s ^ho Srs bad faced an 
questioned the menlater acquit- impossible balancing act 
££fof espionage charges, told trying to reconcile their concern. 

Srith vital matters of national “I submit that the offe nce', 
security possibly involving (commanding ;the ralerrtmtors) . 
lives, do not know what behaved in keeping ^wjih the, 
.hS nnwers are. nor ■ the highest traditions of the Armed . 
consequences of exceeding Forces”, he said. “In tbefecc of. 
^Kn^nrtwers-” Mr Grey said, insurmountable difficulties, 
^e i^uirT to they *?ed ™th skin. 

already ihS senior officers in human.ryand even ingenuity." 
Cyprus were at odds at tunes 

over the detention, . initially brea ch es of regulations, these , 
without charge and later on tad m s ° od .' 

holding charges, of the service- .filth, MrCrcy «» _ - - 

men involved in the secrets Earlier. Mr Kenn eth Zuck er, 
Tirr representing the guards respon-. 

Eight servicemen were, able for kwmng foe men io- 
acquitted of charges under the detention, said that thcre_^d .. 

Official Scans Act at the been penods when the ratert^- * 
Central Criminal Court last Mora, members of the RAF 
October, after Britain’s longest Provost and Security Services 
and most expensive espionage .branch, had, m . their zeal to., 
trial. In evidence the mea* investigate suspected threats to 
complained that they had national security not told . 
been intimidated -by harsh military legal advisers that . 
interrogation into making false sufficient evidence had been 
confessions. - obtained to justify Charging at - 

Mr Grey told the inquiry that . feast one of _ the , servicemen 
sections of .the’ Armed Forces under suspicion. A charge - 
regulations should be redrafted 'would have prevented further . 
in the light of the case. “Even questioning, he said. ... 
lawyers have found it difficult - - -That may have been jus- 
to Imow whether or not Queen’s tified in terms of national 
Regulations were followed security;' but not . in latfV he ■ 
reasonably”, he said. said. 

Mr Grey said there were The inquiry, whichi$;being. 
inconsistencies of meaning chaired by Mr David -Cafeuti, 
between the Queen’s Regu- QC continues today 

& 4* 

•• «-•. -S'' 

3S- ■- 

NCB denies rise to 
some pitmen 

By Our Labour Correspondent 

Mr Ian MacGregor, chairman 
of the National Coal Board, told 
the Union of Democratic 
Mineworfcers yesterday that he 
would not sanction payment -of 
an agreed pay increase to 
several hundred members of the 



£.V * * 1 - 

He told a meeting with UDM 
officials in Nottinghamshire 
that paying the- 6 per cent 
increase to members, in pits 
where the National Union of 
Mineworkers was in the 
majorky ^could be expected- to 

luce legal action by the 

Such action could be brought _ 
on die basis' that NUM . 
members were being paid less 
for doing -the same work in the . v 
sampe pits as UDM members. 

-The increase of 5.9 per cent- -*' 
on basic, rates in addition to ar*? ; - ■ 
30p-a-week attendance bonus »’?* 
being paid to UDM members fri-- r 
Nottinghamshire, south Derfay-vr^ ~ 
shire and to the Durham-based •./?- 
Colliery Trades and AUtod'- -• 
•Workers’ Association. r ri* •' 



Boom in car sales 
sets new records 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 
Sales of new care during the pf just under 1.8 million 


dosing days of 1985 beat all 
previous records for December 
and made .1985 the best year 

But it led to accusations last 
night that Ford, the market 
leader, had “turned the market 
upside down” by registering 
thousands of unsold cars to 
boost its year-end market share.' 

Figures released by the 
Society of Motor Manufacturers 
and Traders showed that Ford 
accounted for mere than 38 per 
cent of the 78,738 cars sold in 
December. That compares with 

1983. , . , 

Last night Ford denied 
reports that it had registered 
7,000 company-owned care in 

He admitted that the jump 
from less than 28 per cent to 
more than 38 per cent in a 
single month was “excep- 
tional''. but suggested that it 
was due largely to factory 
incentive payments to dealers of 
up to £350 each on Escorts and 

For the second month run- 
ning Austin Rover could man- 

27.8 per cent for the year as a age only 14 per cent, compared 
wholeT with 17.7 per cent for the year 

It had four of the five best- 

selling models, with Escort and 
Orion taking a remarkable 21.5 
per ceiit between them. Escort 
alone took 15.8 per cent 
compared with only 6.8 percent 
for the Cavalier, its nearest 

Total sales in 1985 of 1.8 
million were 5 per cent up on 
1984, beating the previus record 

as a whole. But in a bigger 
annual market it sold 324,574 
some 16,000 more than in 1984. 
Ford's 1985 sales fell by 1,300 
to 485,620* 26.7 per cent 
compared with 27.8 per cent in 

General Motors (Vauxhall 
and Opel) made the biggest 
gain, up 21,000 to 303,460 sales, 
lifting its share from 16.2 per 
cent to 16.6 per cent. 

Two unions are exempted 
from Murdoch deadline 

By Barrie Clement, Labour Reporter 

News International has 
exempted the electricians and 
the National Union of Journal- 
ists from a Christmas deadline 
for an agreement . over The 
London Post to be printed at 
Wappin& cast London. 

An official of the company 
which owns The Times. The 
Sunday Times, The Sun and 
News of the World, said 
yesterday that the management 
would be prepared to reopen 
talks with the NUJ and the 
Electrical, Electronic, Telecom- 
munication and Plumbing 
Union fEETPU), but that 
meetings had yet to be arranged. 

Negotiations with the other 
printing unions, Sog»t *82, the 
National Graphical Association 

and the Amalgamated Union of 
rine Worl 

Engineering Workers, were at 
an end, however. 

The move will provide a 
severe test for the fragile front 
of solidarity presented bv the 
printing unions which until now 
has included the NUJ. The 
electricians' union has already 
broken ranks by indicating its 
readiness to sign a legally 
binding no-strike deal with 
News International. 

Talks with all five unions 
ended before Chris tmas wi thout, 
agreement but the EETPU says 
part in' the negotiations were 
conducted only at ; branch level. 
The group bad-- -previously ■ 

implied^hai it might be 
prepared to meet national 

EETPU officials after the 

The announcement comes 
before a joint .mandatory chapel 
< office branch) meeting of NUJ 
members today at The Times 
and The Sunday Times to be 
addressed by Mr Harry Conroy, 
the union’s general secretary. 
Mr Conroy has been prominent 
in opposing the stringent de- 
mands made by News Inter- 
national for the new paper, due 
to be printed at Wapping 

Mr Norman Willis, general 
secretary of the TUC. issued 
“advice” last' mouth to all 
unions concerned not to em- 
bark upon a deal wit h t he 
company without the approval 
of the other unions. At the time, 
the warning was aimed primar- 
ily at the electricians who are 
also near to signing an exclusive 
no-strike deal with Mr Eddy 
Shar for his newspaper, which is 
due to be launched in the 

Further attempts at forming a 
united front among the unions 
will be made at a meeting of the 
TUCs Printing Industries 
Committee on Friday- 

The Times overseas selling prices 

Denmark! D*r 9.00: FlHUMl ' 

Fime Fvs O 

OhlMn: Cre*» 

LMKcmB&» lys^&aaat y ST LTO :. 


Westland crisis • 



By Our Political 
Correspondent ' 

Although the Westland crisis 
flared last month. Sir John 
Cuckney, an expert In company 
revivals, was brought in last 

The feet that he had to wait 
until the end of- September 
before he was able to get a firm 
Sikorsky bid for a minority 
stake in his company explains 
some of his apparent im- 
patience with the belated offer 
from the European consortium. 

But once Mr Michael Hesel- 
tine. Secretary of State for 
Defence, and British industrial- 
ists had seen the threat from 
United Tecbnologies-Fiat. the 
Sikorsky team, the political and 
industrial battle began with a 
vengeance. It began on: 
December 5: When Mr Hesel- 
tirfc launched his internal 
Whitehall bid for the Europeans 
to be given a chance to 

6: Another ministerial meeting 
sustains Mr Heseltine’s bid for a 
European option. 

9: Cabinet committee on econ- 
omic affairs again endorses 
Heseltine view, although Mr 
Leon Brittan, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, also 
wins support for view that 
ministers should not be seen to 
be partisan. 

llr Westland share dealing 

12i By which time United 
Technologies has lined up with 


boration in event of UT-Fiat Li. . 
tie-up. with Westland. Mrs \ Pi'j f] Wi ' ' 

Momn-t Thotr-h^r saw choice . 

UTC/FUrt Congortjum 



Financial . ' 

New ordinary share capita! subscribed by existiog^alwflhoWei*^^^ . 

New ordinary share capital subscribed by potential partners 

• aa.i • • 23.1 

New preference share capital to be subscribed orpurchased by potwtfe! 
□artnere* . * 23.0 AO 

7A0 73.1 

Margaret Thatcher says choke 
is up to Westland. 

18; ' Westland signs outline 
agreement with UT-Fiat. 

20: European offer improved. 

22: Calculated leak that Libia 
has 14 per cent of Fiat equity. 

' - 5 iuli 



Other features 

Subscription prjca of rights Issue shares 
Subscription [ 




Coupon on preference share capital- 
non convertible . 9% 10%- 

convertible T.5% 7.5% . 

Number of warrants to be issued to all easting shareholders 

/ up to 23.7m 

Number of warrants to be issued to existing shareholders who tike up 
their rights - up to 29.7m 

Work commitment 

Guaranteed man-haure - 2,0m* _1.8mt 

■ am 5 yon. t trm 3 jws. 

Fully diluted shareholdings* 

Existing shareholders .84% 63% 

Potential partners 21% 21% 

The banks 15% 18% 

T oBMWtng Ml no wri o n u rt ■ wi n olwBrna ■ . 

Fiat, and British Aerospace with 
Agusta, Aerospatiale and Mes- 
serschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm, the 
Cabinet meets and discussion is 

13: Unofficial Cabinet deadline 
for firm European offer passes. 
Westland feds European offer 
not firm or attractive enough- 
Agreement reached in principle 
an UT-Fiat bid. 

16: Political pressure builds up 
with Commons statement from 
Mr Brittan in which he says that 
Anglo-Italian EHlol helicopter 
programme will proceed, even 
with acceptance of UT-Fiat 

17: Mr Heseltine comes out 
fighting.. Senior government 
sources, say Mr Brittan misled 
House over AngoJtatian colla- 

23: Westland board mods to 
consider £73.1 million Euro- 
pean offer, which compares 
with £72-2 million UT-Fiat 
offer. - - 

30: Decision to put both Offers 
to shareholders; due to meet 
January 14. 

January 1: ' ' United Tecb- 
nologies-Sflcorsky chiefs arrive 
in London. Mrs Thatcher tells 
Sir John that although there are 
“current” indicationsthat Euro- 
pean collaboration would be 
threatened by UT-Fiat bid, the 
Government would resist such 

3: Mr Heseltine tells Mr David 
Horne, acting for European 
consortium, of indications that 
UT-Fiat bid would-be incom- 
patible with future European 
collaboration on two helicopter 

£ ' 
■7- ' 


Westland backs 
improved offer 

5: Anglo - Euro pean consortium 
asks for talks with Sir John, who 
provokes open attack from Mr - Js . S 
Heseltine when he announce.'.' 1 ?-, 
that Westland board has de- -^" 
tided to recommend improved r > 
UT-Fiat offer. - - J:v 

N 1 . *• 

European option given 
backing from Brussels 

Continued from page 1 

of the Sikorsky-Flat deal that is 
attractive to the company. , as 
well as the overall terms which 
exceed those on offer from the 
European consortium. 

Mr Leon Brittan. the ' Sec- 
retary of State for Industry, 
made it clear last night that the 
Government sticks by its view 
that Westland must look after 
its own survival. He said: “The 
Government has never taken 
the view, contrary to recent 
press reports, on how many 
options should be put to the 
shareholders of Westland. That 
is a matter for the board of 
Westland to decide within the 
framework of company law.” 

# The text of Mr Heseltine’s 
tetter, reported on Saturday, 
should have said that a 
feasibility study on battlefield 
helicopters “would now be 
subscribed” in a five nation 
project if Westland linked with 
the British-Euro pcan consor- 
tium. Because of a misprint the 
ward “not” appeared instead of 

Continued from page 1 - 

Westland shareholders had 
to be made aware of three key 
factors favouring the European 
option: • 

That senior arms procure-' 
ment officials from several 
EEC states, including Britain, 
had committed themselves last 
September to . a co-ordinated 
arms policy for Europe and this 
was still valid; 

• That joint efforts on mili- 
tary technology fell within the 
framework of EEC projects 
such as Eureka, which had 
significant civilian spin-offs; 

• That to aDow Sikorsky to 
enter the already-overcrowded 
European helicopter market via 
Westland was economically 
and politically unacceptable. . 

Asked what the EEC was 
offering Westland, Herr Narjes 
said that the Commission was 
considering restar ti n g . the' Air: 
Industry Corporation, a project 
begun and. abandoned in foe 
1970s. That would facilitate fee 
restructuring of foe European 

ait* Snilnafwvr 

Commission was “dusting .off 
'tile files” on potential Euro- 
pean technology projects which 
bad failed in the past, but 
which were viable in today’s 
changed - situation. These in- 
cluded the “post-jetf 1 gener- 
ation of aircraft which were 
planned for the turn of the 
centmy .fcut canid be built only 
in Europe through joint efforts. 

Herr Naijes said that he was 
speaking, out in spite of 
anxieties aver whether EEC 
intervention wonld be helpful to 
the Enropean cause and Mr 
" Hes e lt ine . Hie. had at no Him* 
been : in contact with Mr 
Heseltiiie or other - British 

Union leader 
wants workers ’ ^ 
to have say T 

The leader of the laxgest ' j'M ' 
union at Westland last ingot v£ \ 

o:_ T—I ~ - 


air Industry'' 
Herr Narj 

farjes said that foe 

. ■ He was steppii 
Westland shareholders would 
m future blame the Com- 

1 to silent and 
felted to.gEve the ftdl facts. ' 

said feat, foe 
two British. ComraisskiBsrs. 
Lord Cockfidd andMrStenW 
Omton Davies had been 
<»nmUted before Hert Maries 
’ spoke. . 

union _ 

wrote to Sir John Cockney q 1 
asking him to hold- a refer- - > : 
endnm of aD 7,000 employees 
to establish their views in fe e V£ *; 
wrangle over the future of foe V‘ - - 
helicopter group. . 

Mr Ron Todd* ■ general ^5; '• 
secretary of the Transport and - : 
General Workers’ Unicnu. said 
he believed that 'the workers ^ 

Views were more importMt ■>£. 
than the Cabinets or fo* 'xU- 1 . 
shareholders. . -. A’ •$- ^ . _ -• - 

The company V employees ..• • •_ . 

stood to lose everything ^ V , ' 

dispute about the cbrapanS'^v f 
tbture his statement cohtmued- m « 

— , Hitij 

• Coirectiens 

Contrary to our r epo rt (DecembO' ^ \ 

28) on itdeviskia Bcttwwbe.eyaMk V- 
the BBCs income fitan - ;'. .w®. •- , 7 .- 
Cbnsotidaied Fund is equal'^adytt. Vit-.i - 
foe n« feel coltectecb , 

I tie 


In, yesterday’s Qtp^BS, uE ^ ' . - ■ r v 
Gt«*feldrlflanar»qn garaev ' > ^ . 

nouiion Not-Nm in mores. $ i : \ . , . 

.13 should read 0-0 in eaebewrt® ^ . 
gaskttt-Belloii, move 5 MV4.- 
NxP. ' ' r 



Suspended jail sentence 
for police traffic chief 
who was 3 times over limit 

The head of the Dorset 
police s traffic division was 
sentenced yesterday to 28 days 
jau, suspended for two years, 
after admitting driving when his 
breath showed that he was more 
than three times over the legal 
j- dnnklirait 

Chief Superintendent Bert 
Sheldon, aged 44, who had been 
snort-listed for jobs as assistant 
and deputy chief constable with 
other forces, was also disquali- 
fied for two years. He faces 
di smi ss a l from the police. 

Mr Philip Jacobs, for the 
defence, said Sheldon had 
commited the offence on the 
first anniversary of his wife’s 
leaving him while he was on a 
six-month course to prepare 
officers for the high est ranks. 

“It was a very considerable 
blow to him. Since that time he 
. has been a very unhappy and 
C '• man", Mr Jacobs said. 

Sheldon had gone drinking 
when he was unable to face 
another lonely night at home. 

Sheldon, whom Mr Jacobs 
said had an exceptional record 
and had obtained an honours 
degree in law, joined the police 
in I960. 

Mr Michael Davies, for the 
prosecution, said Sheldon had 
been arrested on August 25 last 
year after driving his car in 
Peroxide Road, Poole, about 
200 yards from the police 
# station. 

Four people in a car saw 
Sheldon’s vehicle coming 
towards them on the wrong side 
of the road. Sheldon, who was 
off duty and in plain clothes, 
swerved back to his side of the 
road and hit a belisha beacon. 

He then attempted to drive 
away, although his vehicle was 
badly damaged and stuck on the 
beacon. It was dear that he had 
been drinking and a woman 
constable arrested him after 
giving him a breath test 
At the police station later he 
gave two specimens of breath 
with readings of 132 and 135, 
the legal limit is 35. 

Sheldon, of Sandbanks Road, 
Parkslone, admitted drink-driv- 
•: ing. The chairman of the bench 

at Poole Magistrates' Court, 
Miss Jeanne Bisgood, told him: 
“Fortunately you hit the beacon 
and _ not someone an the 
crossing! Whatever .the- conse- 
quences, the only - sentence 
appropriate is a custodial one.” 

Mr Jacob barf told the 
magi strates tR** Sheldon would 
have to face disciplinary pro- 

If a prison sentence was 
imposed it would be impossible 
for the chief constable to retain 
his services. Sheldon would lose 
his £24,000-a-year job and his 
index-linked pension, estimated 
to be worth between £300,000 
and £400.000 over 25 years. 

Mr Jacobs said Sheldon felt 
considerable shame at what be 
had done and was sufficing from 
acute anxiety and depression. 

As head of the traffic division 
Sheldon spearheaded Dorset’s 
drink-driving campaign at 
Christmas 1984, warning 
motorists. “If you drink, don't 

Chief Supt Bert Sheldon, 
. who faces dismissal. 

• A- police constable feces 
prosecution after jailing a 
breath test while returning frt 
a day trip to France: The officer, 
stationed at Brighton, had been 
driving home a group of 
policemen, .prosecution will 
depend on the result of a blood 

Driver is jailed 
for a year 

Paul McKenzie, aged 25, a 
drink-drive motorist who pas- 
sed a red' traffic light and killed 
another driver was jailed for a 
year and banned from driving 
for four years by the Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

Judge Michael Coombe said 
that McKenzie, an electronics 
engineer, of Pinner, Middlesex, 
hart ** an appalling motoring 
record with six convictions for 
having no insurance und one for 
careless driving “It seems that 
you couldn't care less about 
others ou the road.” 

McKenzie was convicted of 
causing the death by reckless 
driving of Julian Roberts, aged 
24, a groom, of Petersfield, 

• Denis Lynch, aged 19. a 
drink-drive offender who killed 
a close school friend, was given 
a total of three year’s youth 
custody yesterday and banned 

| from driving for five years by 
: .>i Wood Green Crown Court, 

■ north London. 

■ ; Lynch, a labourer from Wood 
Green, was driving six friends 
home from a Kentish Town 
dance hall when the car 
careered into a launderette. His 
friend, the fron seat passenger, 
Gerry Sexton, aged 18, tod 
after two months in a coma. 

Lynch pleaded guilty to 
causing death by reckless 
driving on August 12, driving 
with excess alcohol and with no 
insurance or driving licence, 
and driving the car knowing it 
to have been taken without 

Letters, page 15 

Crime falls after pub law change 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

A drop in alcohol-related 
crimes in Scotland, after foe 
introduction of more flexible 
public house opening boors, 
could be a good omen for 
simitar in F.n gtamt uni 

Wales, medical researchers 
have suggested. 

But foe Scottish Cotmril on 
Alcoholism says that more 
liberal licensing lairs sooth of 
foe border are more likely to 
. lead to increased drinking 
'. the British Medico! Journal, 
reports that trends in alcohol- 
ftnked death and disease in 

Scotland have not chang ed for 
foe worse since extra hours and 
all-day licneses were permitted 
in the late 1970s. 

Dr Martin Plant and Mr 
John Duffy, from Edinburgh 
University’s department of 
psychiatry, say that officially- 
recorded rates for drunkenness 
have declined more In Scotland 
than they have in En gland and 

They add: “This evidence 
suggests that, in relation to 
health, foe new Scottish licens- 

ing arrangements may be 
viewed neither as a cause of 
harm, nor as a source of 
benefit. They have, in effect, 

However, the Scottish Coun- 
cil on Alcoholism takes a very 
different view in its anwnai 
report for 1984-85 vriricb finds 
that more women have alcohol- 
related problems, and people 
involved in drink-related of- 
fences are on average aged 
about 40, 10 years younger 
than a decade ago. 

US banker ‘lolled 
by jealous man 9 

A penniless man wandering 
foe streets of London's West 
End stabbed a wealthy America 
banker to death because he was 
jealous, a jury at the Central 
Criminal Court was told yester- 

JubrQ Adejumo, from Nige- 
i ria. was alleged to have told 
.'/detectives that he plunged a 
breadknife into Mr John Ster- 
ling's stomach because he was 
dressed well and “looked as if 
be went to all the posh places”. 

Mr Julian Bevan, for foe 
prosecution, said that the two 
men were total strangers and 
fete brought them together in 
Albermarle Street, Piccadilly, 
on March 28 last year. Mr 
Adejumo, aged 25, had been in 
Ihe country for only five 
months and could not afford his 
rent for lodging house accom- 

modation in Westsidc, Cla- 
phara, south-west London. 

Mr Sterling, aged 39, who 
came from Colorado and 
worked as an executive for 
Citibank, was in London' for a 
business meeting and was 
staying at Brown’s Hotel in 
Albemarle Street 

When questioned by detec- 
tives, Mr Adejumo is alleged to 
have said that Mr Sterling was 
“c h ar m i n g” when he stopped 
him and asked him for a 
cigarette light “Then I stabbed 
hun with all the force and 
hatred that had bceen building 
up inside me. 

Mr Adejumo denies murder- 
ing Mr Sterling and also denies 
assaulting a policeman and 
carrying a knife as an offensive 
weapon. The trial continues 

MPs urged to 
keep laws 
on seat belts 

By Clifford Webb 

The Royal Society for the 
Prevention of Accidents 
(RoSPA) warned MPs yesterday 
that opponents of compulsory 
scat belt wearing could block 
permanent legislation on the 
matter unless MPS turned up in 
strength for a debate next 

“Too many MPs could take 
foe result of the vote for granted 
ami their complacency could 
band foe result to the anti-seat 
belt lobby on a plate;” the 
society said. 

Compulsory wearing was 
introduced as a two-year experi- 
ment, which expires at the end 
of this month. 

RoSPA is also concerned that 
many MPs may have been 
convinced by recent publicity 
given to the so-called "risk 
compensation” argument which 
alleges that driven wearing 
belts take more risks, causing 
injuries to other road users 

Tennis coach 
‘tricked into 
Lloyd contract’ 

Mr Tom Morgan, a pro- 
fessional tennis coach dismissed 
for refusing to clean up at the 
tennis dub owned by the former 
England star, David Lloyd, 
claimed yesterday that he was 
tricked into signing a contract 
with Slazenger 

Mr Morgan, aged 25, of 
Shepherd's Bush, north-west 
London, who claime unfair 
dismissal with another col- 
league, told a preliminary 
industrial hearing that after 
starting at the David Uoyd and 
Slazenger Racket Chib in 
Hounslow in April 1983 he was 
ordered to keep up the Sla- 
zenger image. 

“I was tricked into si gning a 
contract with S lazenger ”, he 

Mr Donald Watt, head 
professional at the dnb in 
Surrey told the tribunal that Mr 
Morgan's claim was untrue. 

The hearing was adjourned 
until January 14. 

Hospital deaths inquiry 

By Onr Social Services Correspondent 

\ Specialists have been called infection. Admissions to the 
in to Cashes Green Hospital, 65-bed geriatric hospital have 
near Stroud. Gloucestershire, been halted 
after six patients died over the Mr Hales mid legionnaires 
weekend and six more geriatric disease had been ruled out 
patients and 16 staff fell 31 the illn*«* did not a ppear to be 
Mr Keith Hales, general influenza. Dr Gareth Leyshon 
manager at Stroud Hospital, said: “It appears to be a fairly 
said only three of the deaths, all - 

among patients aged over 85, 
now appeared to be due to foe 

mfld viral illness, but the very 
elderly are particularly vulner- 
able to such infections.” 

pulls out 
of opera 

By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

The Royal Opera House’s 
ill-fated engagement of Placido 
Domingo, the Italian tenor, ms 
abruptly baited yesterday when 
foe singer cancelled his per- 
formance in Simon Boccanegru 
at Covent Garden hours before 
rehearsals were due to begin. 

The stager has been ordererd 
by his doctors to undergo an 
immediate operation for a 
double hernia, news of which 
was broken to Covent Garden 
shortly before the tenor was 
due to arrive from Barcelona. 

He b to be replaced by 
Gabriele Adorno, who will fly 
to London from Rome tomor- 
row and go straight into 

Placido Domingo had been 
booked to appear in a new 
version of OteBo at Covent 
Garden, but foe production was 
postponed after the Mexican 
earthquake. The singer, who 
was in Mexico when the 
disaster occurred, decided to 
raise funds for relief work and 
could not spare the time for 
rehearsals for the new pro- 

The revival of Simon Bocca- 
negra was planned instead with 
other members of the OteBo 
cast, including Senate Brnson, 
Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, and 
Robert Lloyd. 

The production will still 
open on January 14 for five 
nights. A Covent Garden 
spokesman said that tickets 
would remain at the same price 
as Placido Domingo’s non- 
appearance was no reason to 
offer refunds. 

The operation is likely to 
keep the stager out of action tor 
several months. 

Road repairs 
will be tidier 

Public services that dig holes 
in the road were told yesterday 
to achieve higher standards of 
repair. legislation is expected 
later this year. 

Mrs Lynda Chalker, Minister 
of State at the Department of 
Transport, told representatives 
of local authorities and public 
utilities at a meeting in - London 
that the Government would 
make no general funds available 
for such repairs. However, it 
would consider compensation 
in specific 

Prince Andrew defying the cold without a jacket to inspect 
the fflU training ship Lord Nelson being built in Essex, 
and shown fully-rigged in the model. 

Prince shown work on 
£2m sail training ship 

:7. . - 'r ! 
v •r.-V jfc-'; 

, , \ ij fW'-' ,«.*■ 

5'*S •' ■ 

Prince Andrew spent 90 
minutes yesterday inspecting 
work on the sail training ship. 
Lord Nelson, being hint at 
Wrveuhoe, Essex. His inspec- 
tion of the three-masted bar- 
que, commissioned by. the 
Jubilee -Sailing Trust, was 
made as patron of the trust 

The ship is designed specifi- 
cally with handicapped people 
In mind, and has facilities to 
enable foe handicapped to take 
a frill part as crew of foe 400- 
ton vend. 

During his visit Prince 
Andrew visited the workshop of 
foe James Cook shipyard and 

spent 20 minutes on board the 
Lord Nelson. 

The £2 million cost of foe 
ship is being fended entirely 
from voluntary contributions 
and so far the total has readied 
£ 1.6 million. 

It is planned to commission 
the Lord Nelson in the spring, 
with a naming ceremony at 

The vessel wifl carry a crew 
of 40 on each voyage, half of 
whom wfll be physically handi- 
capped. Voyages wfll cost about 
£300 for 10 days, and wfll take 
place each year from April to 

Angry reaction to curbs on smoking 

By Rupert Morris 

Flans to restrict smoking at 
work, outlaw it in most public 
places, and ban it in cars 
brought angry reaction yester- 

The latest proposal from Mr 
George Foulkes, the Labour MP 
whose anti-smoking private 
member’s Bill is to receive its 
second reading next month, is 
that smoking should be banned 
in motor vehicles, as it is in 

Mr Foulkes referred yester- 
day to foe dangers of lighting a 

cigarette in a moving car, as 
well as the sleep-inducing effect 
of a smoky atmosphere. He 
admitted his evidence was 
“anecdotal” and “subjective”, 
but said be believed a smoking 
ban on the roads would save 

His proposal was vigorously 
rejected by the Automobile 
Association, which said: “We 
don’t believe it would make any 
contribution to road safety. Our 
figures show that a tiny 
proportion of drivers involved 
in motorway accidents were 

smoking at the time, and in 
those cases there is no evidence 
that smoking was a contributory 

But even Mr Foulkes, whose 
proposal was described by Mr 
Anthony Beaumont-Dark, 
Conservative MP for SeUy Oak, 
as “a stunning interference in 
people’s lives”, did not wish to 
go as far as Dr Partha Surendra, 
head of Rasmi Electronics at 
Stanley, Co Durham. 

Dr Surendra has been paying 
the eight smokers among his 40- 
strong workforce £2 less per 

week than his other employees. 
He said yesterday that be would 
employ only non-smokers in 

Smokers already working for 
Rasmi Electronics have to leave 
the factory floor to smoke in a 
special area: 

Mr Clive Turner, Director of] 
Public Affairs for the Tobacco 
Advisory- Council, 'suggested 
yesterday that employers such 
as Dr Surendra and Cambridge 
University Press, who require 
staff to clock* off for a smoke, 
were unreasonable. 

tor injury 
: claims on 
birth shield • 

“Women injure d lw-an- Ameri- 
can birth control con were 
a deadline yesterday' for 

dami% for compensation. 

In a worldwide announce- 
ment, the maker of the Daikon 
Shield. A H Robins, said: “A 
US judge has established a date 
after which no further claims of 
injury may be filed as the result 
of use of the Daikon Shield. 
That date is April 30.” 

The shield was used by more 
than 3.5 foiftion women in 80 
countries in the early 1970s 
before being withdrawn because 
of medical complications. 

An unknown number are still 
believed to be wearing the 
interoterine device (IUD), al- 
though it has been described by 
one American as “a deadly 
depth, charge in their wombs, 
ready to explode at anytime". 

The device was discovered to 
be potentially dangerous be- 
cause of its unusual tailstring 
which invited bacterial infec- 
tion into the wearer’s uterus. 

More than 13,000 women in 
the United States are reported 
to have been rendered infertile 
and at -least 21 have died. 
Thousands more are thought to 
have had miscarriages. 

A H Robins filed for bank- 
ruptcy last August under foe 
weight of compensation claims. 
Settlements of about £270 
million have been reached. 

Dr Stewart Templeton, Euro- 
pean medical director of foe 
company,, said about 90,000 
women h?d used Daikon 
Shields in Britain. 

He said that more claims had 
been . brought against A H 
Robins than other companies 
-because the Daikon Shield had 
been used by more woman. He 
also blamed the readiness of 
iple in foe United States to 
to court for damages. 

Dr Templeton added that to 
make a claim by the April 30 
deadline- claiments “must send 
their . names and complete 
addresses, plus a simple state- 
ment that they wish to make a 
rbtim, to Daikon Shield, PO 
Box 444, Richmond, Virginia 
23203, USA". 

Our new savings plan 


Introducing Moneymaker Phis A new and ample savings 
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Moneymaker Phis indudes features that potential savers 
fake yourself look fac Maximum cash payout is a must Let's 
say you're a 37 year old man saving only fX a month -a 
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just 10 years. And if you look at the 
table you! see that our high 
payout appfces to oil ages 
We realise that people's 
needs wry too So you toll us 
how much you want to save- 
anything from £10 to £100 a 
north. You save what you con 
afford Not what we lei you. 


AlAxUutely ty>iee. . . 

with Money-maker Plus, 


Gnxad legislation allows us to 
pay yaur benefits free of al per- 
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after 10 yean or on death And rf yau 
decade to tame your lump sum with 
us aftorlO yeare-wel increase it aiay 
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When you enrol 
we will send 

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degant brass 
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Moneymaker Plus has a very special feature. And it doesn't 
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and ean truthfully answer ‘NO’ to four simple 

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Apply today ft could moke uB. too 
dtfarenoe now AND te 10 years tune! 



B ifceie e anjthmg fatter jon we* to know 
about Bib plan ovfoesav open cedi vmfcdw 
emstna man 8 o' dock Experienced suit, 
wifl be nappy to help fust erf usaa 

. {UamC0403}59009, 

...a lump sum for 
savers aged between 18 and 80 ! 



Present Aga 
«air mu n 

Mate iFsoate 
























a 123 














at 66% 












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a 06 r 

a 594 
as ii 



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**nigBepK^octad values aswmiB t h a t , o u r c rawnt rates of bc u i n are nainlalaailBaBnsMttopsnd 
irpnnfiitiiif TTrnflti tfinrfrrni IrinnrntrrriiTiTvitlTitJiiiiBiiiwHi'i rVrwnfty 
of the Guaranteed Sum Amured and 7J5% of exhtmg bonuses. Onr cuxant^ Capital Boons rate fe \ 
66%cf tbs Guaranteed Sum Assured. 



Hssra end mm a FRES Fsraonal 

W» Pranas ...Mo Ofe&ntion... 


APPL5TBY 17th JAN1 1986 

to qualify for ytxxr Moneymaker Phis pofc 
and your FREE quartz carnage dock. 


Rvenamas [m fuSj_ 



2. T5ck the amount you wish to invest each month: 

^ £50 Dsao Oz2o □fiiotmbo 


fci Do you partiapate jo any harattkms t 

Moxattm goad health? DO ^toorKWT^aapnvateavtetiezi 

(bUVra te.teiwawh raw n n W) Hras|a ot^on^hfebeended>aed. __ 

wttfam tbs last raotea LILT aoMpt^ cm toriM □ □ 

f oramwia^ n. If yUQ 
□ □ 

ara guaranteed to be accepted 
to any qaesaoa ptease attach 


□ □ 

tuooth* soy medical treatment? 



Thais based tg>an toe CtBa p s ny%nad ra« tandlng of c namthBr sad tetandfleaepus practice. 

\ , 


.--9 h 

Westland Shareholders: 

Fiat have improved their proposals 

I*** '* 

and your Board strongly recommends 

you to accept them. 


"s s» "• 

[Rrgisltred i» EflgbtnJKo. 3 fl 2 ft} 2 ) 


Sir jlofta Cucioey 

StijsKin Treacher. K.CB. • ■ ■ • • 

FLP. Slew art _ 

TJjff Ri. Hoit otd Finshwe.1i.CMAj. •••• 

'« ‘ ' . . - 

Sit M-ild-wri TlhMis! 

jT» j 

’•> i 

'Vhdand Wbdts, . . -i 


• Sofocj?etBA20 -¥$■■ 

Stax- Starsi aldv-r. 

T" jAiTT-rtjifi-r.- .mti for irttormatm o*fr. w tiv Au£35tf .y'ifcc Crvnpfary's atbaavr 

G'ffrlhwr} rhn-err»n? Kbartn. ' ■ • ■ • \ - VrS'Tv*^*** 

• ' •••>••' •• . y 

■ A BETTER PROtf. 20im caCnaiAS • • /■f'Xtefisi 

. ; V •*•+•'** 

£har9ia.ld".r. • ' ••■■■ 

" %’ * * 

- wriiiog fee ,yc*u again about Vcstland’a fubiira. Xu. ▼ion- ot.i"'* 

.y r v •■•• •\*y 

t:.e :-si-5Eii ve roverag* and the coafn-siog, and in seve cases .?"■ - i 

contradi-.-tory, statements 3ad», I wish to explain why jour.Boerj* X!> ■» 

decided, unanimously and strongly, to recoaaedti* the 'iaprave'd' pj*ojips44.s '• ! 
frja US -3 and ?iat. These are set out in this circular, which also ^ ’L| 

eontaias the Soard’B appraisal 3nd -ilear recoauaendatioDS. • ! ■ •' • •; ' • key issues to be considered are: 

*£T£ and Fiat are strong and profitable private sector-ttimpjiniifcs..;. 
tiTC”s Sikorsky division is the world’s leading hebicjppt dr l-*.’ 

* ■ , ■ ■ ’v. '* 

manufacturer. They will make, excellent: partners ft»r' Vnyt^ajwT*.-^ 

VTe are uof .in favour of linking. with five separa t e • ' p« rtiea . ' 

• . .’ . •' *•*..■*•• iv v.-vi ,«*,■ i.*y 

nake up the Consort Lub, ssJte member's of' which ureicoapotittirh' q»fc.* _/ 

• . ' . • *..»-»• I . X -SC*' • tX | 

st ate- owned, sad therefore aabyeok.fce political pressure. . . r'>T*\.:»V5 

★ She vork offered, by OTCaad Slat is- mope broadly ba3ed' iuxd itilil'I'- ^ 

rake Westland a much more viable company, it will, greatly- * . 
benefit Westland’s noo-heiitfbpter. es well as its helicopter,. l ■ j 

activities. Westland is sot just a helicopter con^oay. 

★ This is not aa Aaericaa takeover. The Prime lUnister Eds 
confined that nit Government will continue to regard tfestldnd as 
British. UTC- and Piat are both based in SAT6 countrlbs and', as 
minority shareholders, will not alter Westland’s status «S' an', 
independent British company. . 

* The Directors' duty is to net in the best interests of "‘ * 
sbarebrldets and employees . T^e- Directors have ro - hesitations-' in' 1’ ;• *w‘ 
conoindiag' tiiat these incercste will be better served' by a' *V‘ / ’ > > '\ 
partnership with- OTC dr.d Plat,. \ .• . '* . 

fours faifchfdlly. 


■R.jc. ’.7 /m «* f»d jkJ a‘« Mr'S-’ 

Nil lollilClljklciK, 

Nii n-hu lit.whciK C R. 

II ? 

I he T ( Hun ( •'id F-n .hjs 
WTC Milfcr O B I- 
SirMjlJ*-n Tlior-js 
« D \crrjll 

RlJifWrtS il'lhf 

«MljnJ ftuil' 

RAJil J i E 

"ill ImitJr l-’Sr. 

7.1 rlf ' r, .*.|V K 1 <••..■ ,"." |r(i 
/. IV—.* . -. . c. rj .: ,-j -n, ;.ir: 

r rrr L"i«r^»in . hr/ 

Dcur Shjrchoidcrs. 

I wro« io you on 21st December. I°S5 recommending 
j proposed ossocijlion berween Wesiljnd. UTC und Fiji 
jj pdtr of j reconstruction oi VT c stljnd uhe “OriginjI 
Propoijls'’i. In rhjt letter 1 referred ro .iltemjtive proposals 
which hjd been recer-ed tir>m j group of European 
indusmjl companies (the "Consortium'). Since then there 
have been further developments. First, the Consortium 
revised its proposals, and lull details of" these were sent to 
you on 2nd Jjnujry. PS*. Secondly. UTC and Fiat hjve 
now improved their Original Proposals and these arc set 
out in Appendix 1 (the “Improved Proposals'). 

Against this background, your Board has evaluated the 
rwo proposals with the utmost thoroughness. It has had to 
weigh up not only ilie immediate financial benefits of the 
proposals for the Company and its shareholders bur jfso 
rhrrr longer rerm potential. In rhrs connection, I lie Board 
has consistently maintained that the Company’s future lies 
in an association with a substantial international business. 
Even if the two financial proposals had nor been broadly 
similar, the rcspcctise commercial merits of the proposals 
would have been of nuior significance. 

Your Board is firmh- convinced tliar the qujhtanve 
nature cf ihe work ofiered by UTC and Fiat and an 
association with two major private sector companies will 
be of greater benefit to the Company and offers better 
prospects for it ro regain jrs former pre-eminence in the 
Furopcan military helicopter market. Although the 
situation has not been without its wider political over- 
ic nes. your Board is. of course, required react solely in the 
belt interests of Wcstlancfs shareholders and employees. 
The Directors, after the most careful consideration, 
unanimously and strongly recommend you to 
support i he Improved Proposals from UTC and Fiat- 
Both proposals are summarised in Appendix II to this 
letter. In {manual icmis they ire broadlv similar, although 
lire Improved Proposals from ITC and Fiji raise more 
money tor the Company. An important clement of die 
ImprosiJ Proposal, i' that UTC will give up its ten year 
option io subscribe for additional shares ai i$5p per share. 
Instead, at the time of the Annual General Meeting 
t expected to be held next momhl. shareholders v.-ill be 
asked to approve an issue of warrants to subscribe for new 
A Ordinary Shares, to begranred ro all holders of'E.nrsring 
Ordinary Share*-, as described in paragraph 2 of Appendix I. 

copter design, development and manufacturing capability' 
should, if possible, be maintained, it is vital for Westland 
to retain the ability to design, manufacture and develop 
complete helicopters. Under the Consortiums proposals, 
notwithstanding the guarantees of work over the next few- 
years, it is the Board's considered view that Westland's role 
js a helicopter manufacturer would steadily be reduced to 
that of a manufacturer of parts only. For a Company, one 
of whose principal assets is the engineering and technical 
skills of its workforce, this is a most unappealing prospect. 
Under the Improved Proposals from UTC and Fiat, not 
only is the quality of the workload superior to that 
offered by the Consortium, but the licence to market and 
manufacture the Black Hawk secures an important 
addition to the Company’s helicopter product range. 

A further benefit is the association of the technologies 
and aerospace activities of the Fiat group with those of" 
Westland. The Fiat group is a very large and profitable 
international group with a broad spectrum of industrial 
interests in avutiort, space and materials technology. Many 
of its interests dovetail with Wesl land’s and this will result 
in opportunities for strengthening Westland’s techno- 
logical capability and for opening up new markets to «. 
The Fiat group and Westland, moreover, are two of Europe's 
leading helicopter transmission manufacturers. 

Westland is altogether more likely to improve its 
efficiency and to prosper as pan of a partnership with two 
such substantial international private sector companies as 
UTC and Fiat than it would in association with an ad hot 
grouping of companies, some of which are state-owned 
and competitors both of ourselves and each other The 
Directors believe that, given the existing capacity and 
manning level problems in the European helicopter indus- 
try. the Consort) u m's reaction to UTC’s and Fiat s inidan ves 
wjs influenced in pan by defensive considerations. By 
contrast, UTC’s and Fiat’s proposed investment is forward 
looking and constructive 

Why your Board recommends the UTC and Fiat 

In your Bojras opinion ihc key difference between the 
two proposals : • that the commercial riabilip- of Westland 
wfl be .iltogeilier be nor assured with UTC and Fiat. 
Westland ha-i had almost forty years of incxrasingiv 
success; ul working relationships with Sikorsky. Your Board 
is confident iliat ihe strengthened association now pro- 
posed «viil represent a true partnership which will bring 
long rerm h?:ieliis to Westland. UTC. Fiat and Westland 
are all b wO m countries which are members of MATO, 
the omc'Stonc of Entish and European defence. 

To meet I IM Government’s wish that a British heli- 

Wesdand’s future in Europe - the Prime Minister's letter 

The Prime Minister stated in a letter of 1st January, 1^86 
(the full text of which is set out in Appendix FV) that “as 
long as Westland continues to cany on business in the UK, 
the Government will of course continue to regard it as a 
British and therefore European company, and will support 
ii in pursuing British interests in Europe". 

Vvcsdand holds a firm contract tor the development of 
the Anglo-ltofijn EHlOI helicopter. In addition, the 
Company i» involved on behalf of HM Government on the 
NATO naval and military light support helicopter (NH^O), 
and is advising HM Government on the light attack heli- 
copter [L AH). The Prime Minister has further assured your 
Board that “the Government would continue to support 
Westland’s wish to participate in these projects and would 
resist to the best oi its ability attempts by others to dis- 
criminate against Westland". UTC and Fiat have reaffirmed 
that they too will folly support Westland in all the 
European collaborative prefects in which it is currently 
or may in the future be involved. 

The Board takes considerable comfort from these 
assurances. Given the importance of the United Kingdom 
market for helicopters and the technical contribution 
which a strong Wesdand can make to European collabora- 
tive projects, the Board is confident that the Company will 
continue to benefit from such arrangements. 

UTC and Fiat have made it dear that their participation 
in Westland is not conditional upon orders from the 
Ministry of Defence for the Black Hawk helicopter. Whilst 
the Ministry of Defence at present states that it has no 
intention of procuring the Black Hawk helicopter HM 
Govemmenr has made h dear ihat its “policy will remain 
that the United Kingdom should procure its helicopters 
from the most cost-effective source". 

Westland’s bankers 

The Board of Wesdand is very appreciative of the 
support which it has received from its principal bonkers in 
this difficult period, in particular for their participation in 
the proposed reconstruction of the Company. The Banks 
hove been kept informed by the Company of its position, 
including the rwo latest proposals. 

The Banks have agreed, in line with their original 
mmitmeut. to acccm the Improved Proposals from 

commitment, to accept the Improved Proposals from 
UTC and Fiat, subject to chose proposals being acceptable 
to shareholders. 

Immediate action to be taken 

In order to effect the proposed Reconstruction, it is 
necessary to pass certain resolutions at the Extraordinary 
General Meeting on Tuesday 14th January, 1986.Two of the 
resolutions ore Special Resolutions which require a three- 
quarters majority. In order to support your Board’s recom- 
mendation, it is essentia] that you complete and return the 
proxy card which was enclosed with ray fetter to you of 
2l5t December; 1985. In case you have mislaid the original 
proxy form, another proxy form is included at tbe bottom 

IK you have any difficulty in completing and/or 
returning your proxy card in time, please ring0f-5SJ 1398 
between 10a.m. and 8 p.m. daily. 


Your Directors and their financial advisers, hazard 
Brothers, consider that the Improved Proposals from 
UTC and Fiat arc in the best interests of the Company 
and its shareholders. Your Directors unanimously 
recommend you to vote in favour of the resolutions to 
be pot before shareholders at the Extraordinary General 
Meeting, as they intend to do in respect of their own 
holdings of Existing Ordinary Shares. 

Westland has operated in circumstances of extreme 
uncertainty for some right is therefore im- 
perative that certainty and stability arc restored without 
any further delay and that the Board is allowed to give 
its undivided attention to the Company's business and 
to rebuilding its prosperity. Shareholders now have 
before them Improved Proposals from UTC and Fiat 
which the Board and its advisers have considered with 
the utmost care and which wifi give effect both to a 
capital reconstruction and an association which the 
Board believes will not only achieve stability but will - 
also provide the potential for the Company's future 
growth. You are therefore urged to express you r 
confidence in the Board by voting in favour of the 
Resolutions on 14th Januarf. Any delay in effecting the 
proposed Reconstruction could be seriously damaging 
lor your Company. 

•Yours faithfully, 

John Cockney 
■ Chairman 

cost will be allocated between the shares and warrants by 
reference to their respective quoted values on 3rd March, 
1986. . , tJ 

Full details of tbe warrants will be sent to shorebokfers 
in due course. 

3. Guarantees ofWbrk 

Under the Original Proposals, UTC formally commit- 
ted to provide not less than 1 million man hours of work 
for Westland over a three year period. UTC% revised 
commitment, which is independent of marka conditions 
and subject only to necessary Government approvals and 
reasonable terms, conditions and prices, provides for a 
total of 2 million man hours over a five year period. It is 
intended that this work will include approximately 
12. million engineering man hours and approximately 
0.8 million manufacturing man hours, the former being 
of a technological and engineering nature related to the 
newer models currently being designed, developed and 
produced by Sikorsky 

4, ‘Purcbasc of A Preference Shares 

UTC and Fiat have agreed to purchase, and the Bonks 
have agreed to sell, 5 million A Pr e fere nce Shares at par 
subject to such shares being allotted. 

(n all other respects, m particular in relation to the 
rights issue, the conversion of bank debt, the reduction 
of capital and the taking of a Black Hawk licence, die 
Improved Proposals from UTC and Hat ore identical noth 
the Original Proposals set out in tbe circular dated 21st 
December 1985. 



A summary comparison between the Improved 
Proposals from UTC and Fiat and the proposals from the 
Consortium is set out bdow: 

F inancial 

New ordinary share capital 
subscribed by existing 

New ordinary share capital 
subscribed by potential 

New preference share capital 
to be subscribed or purchased 
by potential panned 
Conversion of bank debt into 
preference share capital, 
net of sales* 

UTC/FUt Consortium 

Total reconstruction package 

“UTC and Fiat have agreed to purchase 5 million 
A Preference Shares from the Banks at par 



The variations to tbe Original Proposals set our in the 

circular dared 21st December, 1985 are as follows: 

1 . Increased subscription by UTC and Fiat 

lr is proposed that UTC and Fiat will continur to 
subscribe for the same number of Preferred Ordinary 
Shares and B Preference Shares as earlier described, except 
that they will subscribe for the Preferred Ordinary Shana 
at a pnee of 65p per share rather than, as formeriy 
mdicated, 60p per share. It should be noted that the 
additional premium of 5p pa share represented by the 
increased subscription price will pot be repayable in a 
winding-up to the holders of Preferred Ordinary Shares 
in priority to any payment to the holders of the Ordinary 

2. Warrants for Wesdand shareholders 

Under the Improved Proposals, UTC will give up its 
ten year option to subscribe for additional shares at 85p 
per share. Instead, an issue of warrants will be mode ro 
holdets of Existing Ordinary Shares on tbe register at the 
close of business on 7t h January, 1986 (the Record Date 
for the proposed rights issue) on a 2 for 5 basis, fractional 
entitlements being ignored. No payment will be required 
in respect of the warrants unless and until subscription 
tights in relation to the warrants ore exercised Full exer- 
cise of these warrants would result in the issue of up to 
23.718.986 A Ordinary Shares. The right to subscribe for 
A Ordinary Shares pursuant to the warrants will be exercis- 
able on Jisc July and 28th February in each year at 85p 
per share. The first subscription date will be 31st July, 198b 
and the last, 28th February, I99t>. It is proposed to convene 
an Annual General Meeting for 28th February, 1986 and 
an appropriate resolution in relation to the issue of the 
warrants will be proposed at thar Meeting. 

Application will be nude to the Council of The Stock 
Exchange for the warrants, which will be issued in regis- 
tered form, to be admitted to the Official List. It is intended 
that definitive warrant certificates will be despatched on 
28th February, 1986 and that thar listing will become 
effective on 3rd March. 1986. Following the exercise of" 
subscription tights under the warrants the Board intends 
to make application to the Council ofThe Stock Exchange 
for the new A Ordinary Shares resulting therefrom to be 
admitted to the Official List. The new A Ordinary Shores 
will, when issued, rank pan passu with the then existing 
A Ordinary Shares save for dividends and other distri- 
bution mode or paid with a reference date prior to the 
issue of such A Ordinary Shares. 

The receipt of the warrants will not give rise ro a 
disposal of Existing Ordinary Shares for the purposes of" 

Other Features 
Subscription price of rights 
issue shares 

Subscription price per ordinary 
share by potential partners 
Coupon on preference share 
capital - non-convertible 

Number of warrants to be issued 
to all existing shareholders 
Number of warrants to be issued 
to existing shareholders who 
take up their rights 

Work commitiiicat 
Guaranteed man hours 
‘over 5 years 
fover 3 years 

Fully diluted shareholdings* 
Existing shareholders 
Potential partners 
The Banks 

’following full conversion and exercise of warranrs 



United Kingdom taxation of capital gains and the warrants 
will be regarded os part of each shareholders total holding. 

will be regained os part of each shareholders total holding. 
For the purposes of calculating gains or losses on any sub- 
sequent disposals of either shares or warrants the original 

1 . Responsibility for Supplementary Listing Particulars 
UTC and Fiat have responsibility for die information 

contained in this document regarding the UTC group 
and the Fiat group respectively The Directors of \%stland. 
whose names appear in paragraph 1 of Part I of the 
Appendix to the Listing Particulars, ore the persons res- 
ponsible for all other information contained in 
document. To the best of the knowledge and belief of the 
Directors of Wesdand (who have takes all reasonable care 
to ensure that such is the case), die information contained 
in this document is in accordance with the fcrt* and does 
not omit anything likely to affect the import of such 
information. UTC, Fiat and The Directors of Wesdand 
accept responsibility accordingly. 

2. Material contract 

In addition to those contracts disclosed in the Listing 
Particulars, the following contract, not being a contract 
entered into in the ordinary course ofbusiness,and which 
is. or may be. material, has been entered into by the 
Westland group within the two years immediately preced- 
ing the date of this document: 

A letter agreement dated 5th January, 1986 between 
ihc Company (1) and UTC (2) pursuant to which 
UTC confirmed, for itself and on behalf of Fiat, that 
UTC and/or Fiat and/or a related company of UTC 
and/or Fiat will subscribe for a total of 35,500,000 
Preferred Ordinary Shares at a price of 65p per share 
(and not at a price of 60p per share as provided for in 
the Subscription Agreement described in paragraph 6 
of Part fV of the Appendix to the Listing Particulars). 

3. Miscellaneous 

(a) Lozord Brothers has given and sot withdrawn its 
written consent to the issue of this document with the 

inclusion therein of tbe swtonenr oimbuted to n Jn d 
references ro its name in the form and contest in which 
they appear. 

<b) As referred to in the Chairman’s fetter and Append)* 1 
of tins document, trader the Improved Proposals UTC 
has given up us option to subscribe for additional shares 
in Wfesdond. Accordingly the confirmation given bv the 
Panel on Take-overs and Mergers referred to in paragraph 
13 of the Chairmans letter contained m the Listing Parti- 
culars is no longer appropriate and will cease ro opplv. 

( C l j n relation to the proposed purr hose of 21 Westland W) 
helicopters by the Oil and Natural Gas Commission of" 
India referred to on pages 5 and 6 of the Listing Particulars, 
since 21sr December 1*85. the date of the Listing Pant- 
ml arc it has been announced by the Indian Government 
that such a contract has been awarded to Westland, 
however: legal documentation has yet to be concluded 
(d) Tire gross amount payable to the Company in respect 
of the equity securities to be allotted pursustt to resolu- 
tion number 3 set out in the Nonce of Extraoidmory 
General Meeting contained rn the Listing Particular 
(as referred to in paragraph "(kx«rt of Part IV of the 
Appendix to tbe Liamg Particular*) e I58J06J9 > 

( c / UTC have been advised bv Morgan GrenfeD 8e Co. 
Limited in relation to the Reconstruction and die 
Improved Proposals. 

(f) The definitions set out on pageiofthe circular tosharc- 
holdets doted 21st December. 1985 apply for the purposes 
of this document. 

4. Documents available for inspection 

Copies of the folio tong documents will be available 
for inspection during usual business hours on any week 
day (Saturdays and public holidays excepted) at the offices 
of Slaughter and Mav. 35 Bostnghall Street London 
EC2V 5DB. until 4th February; 1986: 

(a) the documents feted as available for inspection m 
paragraph 10 of Part IV of the Appendix to the lasting 

(b) tbe materia] contract referred to in paragraph 2 of 
this Appendix IV; 

(0 the fetter from die Chairman of Wstland to share- • 

holders ofttfestland dated 2nd January 1986; 

fd) the Listing Particulars; and 

(e) the consent letter referred to in paragraph 3(a) above 



1. The following is the text of j letter sent by the Chairman 
to the Prime Minister on 30th December. I q 85: 

“Dear Prime Murista. 

In view of the response you nude to a question in 
the House of Commons on the 19th December that 
major pr o cu rement decisions are a matter for the 
Governmental a whole, if would greatly bdp my Board 
to know if Wesdand would no longer be considered 
a European company by tbe Government if a minority 
shareholding in the company were held by a major 
international group from a NATO country outride 

This question is of fundamental importance in view 
of die statement in a letter from the Procurement 
Executive, Ministry of Defence to Lloyds Merchant 
Bank dated 24th December that only by joining the so 
called European consortium would Wesdand be in a 
position to take responsibility for die British share of 
European helicopter collaborative projects. 

Yours sincerely; 

John Cuckney” 

2. rhe following is the text of the Prime Mitvsser's reply 
to the above letta; dated 1st January. 1986-. 

“Dear Sir John, 

Thank you for your letter of 30th December. It has 
naturally been the Government’s concern that a British 
helicopter design, development and manufac turi ng 
capability should if possible be maintained, despite the 
present difficulties of your company. I understand that 
both the proposals Wesdand now have under consider- 
ation arc intended to achieve that objective. As long as 
Wesdand continues to carry on business in the UK. the 
Government will of course continue to regard it as a 
British and therefore European company; and wiH 
support it in pursuing British interests in Europe. 

_ Government policy will remain that the United 
Kiqgdom should procure its helicopters from the most 
cost-effective source. Against this background, the 
Government would wish to sec Wesdand play a full 
put in existing and future European collaborative 
pro/eers. Some of these arc still at a very early stage 
and aU of them require the agreement of die companies 
*nd governments - including HMG - concerned, in 
this connection you should be aware of indications 
from European governments and companies that they 
cwxendy take the view that a number of pro j ects in 
which Westland arc expecting m participate in co- 
operation with other European companies may be lost 
to Wbsdand if the United Technologics/Fiat proposals 
are accepted. 

. k “ fer you to assess the significance of these 
indications. But of course British participation is itself 
an important dement in the viability of European 
coflahorattvc protects. And I can assure you drat, 
w hiche ver of th c two proposals currently under con- 
sideration the company choose to accept, the Govern- 
ment would continue to support Wesdamft wish to 
participate in these projects and would resist to die 
best of Us ability attempts by others to discrimUute 
aganot Westland. 

I have not d e al t with the question of the possible 
conseauenccs for Westland’s present relationship with 
ojkarsky of a decision to accept the European amsor- 
uots proposals. You will no doubt have made your 
own assessment of these. 

Yoon sincerely, 
Margaret Thatcher* 

Vote todayAity dday could seriously damage your company. 

| Please return the proxy form to The Registrar, Wesdand pic. National Westminster 
j Bank PLC f Registrar’s Department, P.O. Box 82 , 37 Broad Street, Bristol BS99 7YA. 

Form of Proxy for use at the Extraordinary General Meeting of Westland pic (“the Company”) to 
be held on Tuesday 14th January, 1986. 

1/We the undersigned being (a) members/ of the Company, hereby appoint the Chairman of the 

Meeting or (see note 1)_ 


Number It Ordinary Resolu tion 
Number 2: Special Resoluti on 
■ Number 3: Special Resolution - 



os my/our proxy to vote for me/ us on my/our behalf at the Extraordinary General Meeting of die 
Company convened for 10.30a.m. on I4th January, 1986 and at any adjournment thereof 
f/We direct that my/ our vote(s) be casr on the resolutions referred to in die Notice of Meeting as indicated 
by on X os shown opposite and on any other resolution in such manner as my/our proxy thinks fit: 

’ IW w.r ... i WHieMwUnj or:*d mtnrtf* nm..™) 

— Ptfiiie indicate bemrog wish rite nrnwtf**. I”® 01 " an ^ m4cn ' l I , <oan»jndaddr&s<rf\«ir fvasi. 

% » lo-l^ and w 

oi t ^ P*** 1 ? 1 ^ «tarar» or other ja&onrt, rt aar. 


Namefs) in frills 

Flux complete <n BLOCK CAFrt&LS 

«-lq tteoic of, ““oferttie moiling or a^onmed neennt 

feUftya4ob«uiJ Hl ri lc 4 < ri &w ^’ 'wbtexrtuicduwfc, os cosimos Kotor signed on a 

>— |J — 

*«J=n wwt -ill be MvauA W to 


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i'4 has icem riFt h.-f#rn wis eFiiiCTBaTtnK Tivrue oemcme nt rntinmurv tinrn,i„m. u .... n .. *"^ ^. n —; i *r\ 1 ri::c rum< i I * F <t p LL .rri., T.-. wr .ll^NP nc REQUr.ED M THE VFO'.k FXCHANCt illSTINGl RECLi. ATLO.\'S llfi.H.Si SEEN DElfeCRCD FOR REGKTRATfON TO THE REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES AS REQUIRED BY THOSE REGULATIONS TWt« 

LU FtL - Tlj T -‘ r IL ' A.\D snout p IT nr. \o r; ihmmximn 'nni.nir. i isn.-.i, particulars .-the tirnnc rumen ar^dateo sm December. i"*s ot xceitlano n.c ««.uwmoswniESB supplementary 

^ J ; 





1 m 


H V i 

Parents m London*; conr 
ceroed. about the .ef&cts:qf the 
wafers’ pay , dispute, have 
framed an action group to press 
for an end to the disruption, • 

A similar group of parents in 
Nottingham has also been 
formed with the slogan: Enough 
Is Enough. Thercare others in 
Waltham Forest, outer London^ 
Hampshire, South Wale* and 

The AB-London ' Parents 
Action Group is caffing on the 
Government . to . immediately 
end the, teachers* action by 
providing profesaoznl levels of'- 
salary. It also says, it aims to 
“save state education”/ and 
demands that the* Government - 
stop education cuts. 

Mrs Margaret Henry, who 
chaired the 23-members steer- 
ing committee which set up the 
London action group, on Sun- . 
day night, said that parents’ 
accounts of what was happening: 
to their children's education 
was. horrific. She saffi- “There is.. 
great .distress and anger' and 
people are worried their dul-r. 
dren are - having their futures 
closed down.” " ."•* v 

News of the new organiza- 
tion. which is holding a rallying . 
meeting at - Conway- Hall on 
January 14, comes on the day 
that the teachers' side' in the I J- 
month pay dispute meets to • 

Buyer for 
West End 

disp&sfc wfietfcer:fiD for 

c onafa tipn ^ «y , *- _ _• . 

■ Yesterday was the first day. of 

term:- At presatuhe two biggest 
unions are wodting to rule, with 
flghtinfrg strike action planned 
■by ; thcrNatidnal Association of 
Schoobnasters/Union of 

Women’ Teacfiets later this 

week. . .. 

■ The biggest teachers* union,' 
the National 'Union of Teach- 
era, '.is, however, not:. taking 
strike . action until -later thic 
month. If is at presept balloting 
members fin - a haif-day strike in 
January to enable rallies to be 
bad locally.; It. is the. union’s 
eleventh. strike ballot. ; 

# Poundsyndc High' 1 School 
pupils return today nxr the first 
time since the so-raOed obscene 
gra ffi ti dispute started four 
months ago.' (Peter Davenport 
writes). ' V! \ 

But the issoe;at the centre of 
ffie dispute, the future edu- 
cation of five boys accused of 
daubing obscene’ slogans^ re- 
mains unresolved and there is a 
risk of further disruption. 

- Thefeachers who went back 
to the school, on the Wythen- 
sihawe .estate,' in Mandttster 
yesterday were adamant - that 
they will .refhse to take any 
classes whkfi' include' the five 
fifth-year boys. 

By David Hewson " 

Arts Correspondent - - 
On die day that Andrew 
Lloyd Webber's Really Useful 
Company became the - first 
theatre production organization 
to be floated publicly, London’s 
West End stage received farther 
proof of its viability with the 
proposed sale of foe Duchess 
and Garrick theatres. 

Both theatres went ; do the 
market - two months ago when 
Gomba, their parent company, 
was pot into receivership in the 
aftermath of die Johnson 
Matthey Bank collapse; They 
are likely to be sold to Stoll 
Moss for an nndlscidtfed fee, 
advancing the company's lead in 
London theatre ownership. ; - 

StoB Moss dischwed yeptat- 
day that it had exchanged 
contracts with . the Gomba 
receiver for the, Dudiesv which 
seats -.487, - and the Garrick, 
which seats 711. K, ai seesa 
likely, the deal goes through, 
Stoll Moss win own or . control 
10 West End theatres, firin' 
more than its nearest zjr**l, the 
Maybox groop, formerly the 
Albery company. — - - 

It is understood . a 
member of wonid4ie^purclHmn. 
had been looking at the 
properties before Stoll Moss 
moved to dose the deal yester- 

The planned sale is unHkely 
to affect the productions at die 
two theatres. ' The Garrick is 
occupied by No Sex ' Please 
iVe're British, the long-running 
comedy beloved ixf Japanese 
tourists, while the Duchess is 
staging The Sham Ramger 
Renew. Neither show had any 
fmancial involvement with 

The late of the third Gomba 
theatre, the Mermaid at Puddle 
Dock, which was bought when 
the original theatre company 
undo- Lord Miles collapsed, 
remains unresolved. The City of 
1 London Corporation, which 
owns the freehold, and Touche 
Remnant, the owner of the bead 
lease, are involved in talks about 
'its future.* 

Rally Useful issue, page 19 
Tempos, page 21 

^ Thomson Prentice, ... 

- Science Corrapondent 
Skiers are warned to take 
extra precautions : to avoid 
increased- risks of injury tins 

; The Chartered Society of 
Physiotherapy, -representing 
22.000 British physiotherapists, 
has issued guidelines' on safer 
fining- .because, .it says, too 
many holidaymakers are return- 
ing - needing treatment for 

At least one in 30 slams 
comes home injured, the society 
says, but many of the accidents 
are due to nqfit or inexperi- 
enced skiers . overstretching 
themselves or wearing he wrong 

clothing. -../. - • : • 

'-..A suryeyiasshown that 42 
pqr pe<al of injuries were to the 
lowfir. -Bm6, paiticulariy the 
knee, and 17 per . cent to the 
head, feceor neefc. 

available free, oh receipt of an SAE, 
Bum 14 : Bedford Row, London 

Claim dropped 

- A former secretary of Mr Roy 
Hatiersley, deputy leader of the 
Labour Party,., yesterday 
dropped ari unfair dismissal 
claim' concerning her di smi ss al 
last year. .A Loudon industrial . 
tribunal hearing was cancelled 
when - * Miss Maxgaret Pryor, 
aged -51,. of Islington, north 
London, withdrew her claim 
after talks' with the arbitration 
service Acas. . 

Moore divorce 

Bobby Moore, former Engla n d 
football capfiiaaged 44, was 
divorced by his wire, Tina aged 
42, at tire London Divorce , 
Court yesterday because of bis 
adultery with an, air stewardess, 
Miss Pariane-Mqore, aged 34. 

Aircraft debris 

The Qvil Aviation Authority 
yesterday started an inquiry 1 
after a 4ft section of wing- flap 
thought .to have Men from an 
aircraft was found on an island i 
in the river Kemret at 
Burghfield, near Reading, Berk- 
shire. ■ • 


A Natkmal Meeting; Oxford: 18 Febmm7l986 ' 
If you use medical compaiiag facilities and do not comply with the 
Act, you are breaking the law. 

This Act affects you, your patients, research, industry and the way 
you will have to work m the future. ■ . 

Ddoitte Haskins & Sells U co-operating inside and outside the NHS 
to provide seminars which wfll explore the impficstiotis of the DPA 
to Medicine with a view to forming medical working protocols 
within the many grey areas. 

The speakers are drawn from Medicine, Law, M a nagem ent and . 
Computing and will present papers covering: 

Session I - The Law, Medidne and Data Protectkm 
Session 2 - The impact on the paticnt and effects on medical 

Session 3 - Analysis of case examples . 

Session 4 - What you must be doing now and identification of 

to addition, there wifl be side-meetings for pn^ssaoBalstfogrcaip^ 
covering topics mctading 051, encryption, inailboxev .picture 
t ransmissio n, Korner recommendations, laboratory .m edreme and 
primary care. 

These proceedings will be published by the NHS Tritmzng 
Authority, and will be offered to the Home Office and submitted to 
DHSS in response 10 Circular 85/23, cm sobject access rights.^ 

Future seminars will be ananged-ih other locations grinding 
Scotland, if sufficient demand is indicated by response to this, 
seminar. ’ • 

Reply os matter of urgency to: 

DPA Conference 


. By Ashford 

■ I^frmaatfoCorrespbndeat 
", Sir Antony Adand, who is to 
become the- next British Am- 
bassador in Washington: tins, 
summer, - has been tire top 
diplomat In tire Foreign Office 
fbfi the past four years. 

the earty part of his diplomatic 
career in the Middle East, 
notably in Dubs and KnwaiL- 

■ His promotion was swift. He 
was assistant ' private secretary 
to: two foreign secretaries, Mr 
, Selwyn Lloyd, and Lord Home, 
then held senior posts in New 
-York and Geneva before taking 
oyer as head, of tire Arabian 
department in London. 

After serving as principal 
private secretary to Sir Alec 
Douglas-Home and Mr James 
Callaghan, he went on to 
become Ambassador first to 
Luxembourg -and then to 

His promotion “to Permanent 
Under-Secretary in 1982 came 

as a surprise because he leap- 
frogged several more senior 
members of the Diplomatic 
SenHce.V - 

His successor as.Fennanent 
Under-Secretary, Sir Patrick 
Wright, is also an Arabist 
Much of his 30 years in the 
Diplomatic Service has been 
-spent in the Middle East 

One of his first posts was in 
Beirut He later woriced'in Cairo 
and Bahrain before becoming’ 
head of the Middle East 
department in London. 

Later, lflrehis predecessor, he 

Sir Antony Adand (above left). 
Ambassador-designate to 
Washington, and Sir Patrick 
Wright, who . is to be Head of 
the Diplomatic Service, with 
(b elow) Sir Oliver Wright, who 
is retiring -for the tim« 

as amlwcarinr m Washington 

was Ambassador to Luxem- 
bourg and then became Am- 
bassador in Damascus. His 
present post is Ambassador in 
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 

Dismissed foe 
chief for trial 

Trevor Martin, former chief 
fire officer of Derbyshire who 
was dismissed last September, 
was committed on bail to 
Nottingham Crown Court for 
trial by magistrates at Derby 
yesterday, accused of obtaining 
£1.236.14 in car mileage ex- 
penses by deception, and the 
theft of 1 3 gallons of petroL 

Loss of property 
advertising forces 
newspaper to close 

By Robin Young 

England’s oldest daily news- chief night editor of 77te Times. 
paper outside London, the Other distinguished jouraal- 
Sheffiekl Morning Telegraph, is ists who worked for tire 
to dose on Febnmiy 8, after the newspaper include Mr Donald 
failure of local estate agencies to Trelford, editor of The Ob- 
renew annual advertising con- server. Miss Jean Rook of the 

tr ^f- . _ . , , Express. Mr Keith Graves 

The Morning Telegraph has of the BBC, and Mr Peter 
been owned since 1964 by Tinniswood, the author. 

United Newspapers, the group The Telegraph subsumed its 
which recently took over the even older political rival, the 
Daily Express and which also Sheffield Daily Independent 
owns the Yorkshire PosL The (founded 1819). in 1938. In 
Post may now attempt to recent years there has been an 
increase sales in the Sheffield almost uninterrupted decline in 
ar ^L ^ , , circulation, from more than 

The Sheffield Telegraph was 84,000 in I960 to barely 30.000 
the first of the penny papers now. 

Inched in 1855 after the B an, i 

abolition of stamp duty on IwihBITO T HiBHNlP Bl 

newspapers. It appeared with " ' = 3 

the motto: “Servant unto no The Morning Telegraph lost 
Master, of no Sect am P. but £955.000 in 1985. inspire of 
had a precarious existence from property advertising worth £1 .8 
the start. Its first editor was a million. Previous losses were 
fly-by-night Scot who skipped £851.000 in 1984 and £724.000 
town after 10 issues. in 1 983. 

Thereafter the Morning Tele- A Hull publisher, Mr Peter 
graph had only 12 more editors. Robinson, has announced plans 
Outstanding among them was for a free weekly property 
Sir William Leng (1864 to newssheet and the Morning 
1905), whose career began with Telegraph management says 
coverage of the disastrous that the newspaper would not 
Sheffield flood, when a dam have sufficient property adver- 
burst and victims' bodies were tising to contain its losses 
swept as for away as Doncaster, within acceptable bounds. No 
and continued with exposure of fresh sources of revenue could 
Sheffield trade union outrages, be found, and since a cost-cut- 
More recently the Morning lmg operation in 1 982 there was 

lion with its coverage of the Sheffield Newspapers, is 
Sheffield “rhino-whip” police seeking 240 voluntary redun- 
conupiion case under xhe dancies by January 13. So far 
editorship of Mr David Hop- 103 employees have applied to 
kinson (1962-64). who is now the company. 

What better way to start the New Year than with 
a rise in interest rates? 

If you move into a Woolwich Capital Account 
that’s what youTLgeL 

Our net rate has gone up to 9.52% net which is 
worth 9.75% pa. if you leave the interest in. 

For basic rate taxpayers that’s equivalent to 

These are truly exceptional figures for a no risk 
investment, especially when you consider how ample 
pur terms are. 

The minimum investment is just &500 and 
there’s no upper limit to the amount you can invest 

Interest is normally paid every six months but 
you can take it monthly if you prefer 

When you want to make a withdrawal, it’s best 
to. give us 90 days’ notice. Thai interest is paid right 
up to the last day. However, you can always have 
instant access if you need it You just give up the last 
90 days’ interest exception. If you leave over £10,000 
inyour account, youcan make instant withdrawals 
without penalty subject to normal branch limits. 

So call in at your local Woolwich Branch, or fill 
in the coupon and send it to: Woolwich Equitable 
Building Society, Investment Department FREEPOST 
Bexleyheath, Kent DA7 6BP. 

i — The Woolwich Capital Account. — i 

jjj 1/We enclose a cheque for S 7 to be invested in a | 

J Woolwich Capital Account With interest added half yeariy □ OR paid as ! 
I Monthly Income □ I/We understand the rates may vary. *Min£5Q0. ■ 

| Please send me inf ormation o n the Woolwich Capital Account □ | 

I Woolwich Investor YesjNo Nu stamp required Tick box if required. I 





You’re better off with the Woolwich. 



their rail 

on Channel lin k options 

From Diana Geddes 

Of the four main contenders 
for a. fixed channel link, the 
French Government is thought 
to be most attracted by the 
twin-bore rad tunnel because of 
the supreme importance it gives 
to rad transport, which France 
considers one of its strengths 

There is. however, no fixed 
government position yet. in- 
deed. it is understood that the 
French have not even held an 
inier-minislenal meeting on the 
link since the joint Franco- 
Bntish evaluation committee 
reported to the two govern- 
ments on December 31 

M Jean Auroux. the French 
Transport Minister, apparently 
wanted to discus the options 
with his British counterpart, Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, at today's 
meeting in Pans' before report- 
ing back to his colleagues with a 
view to reaching a joint decision 
before the planned meeting 
between Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
and President Mitterrand on 
January 20. 

Although the “Chunncl" has 
noL excited nearly as much 
interest and passion here as m 
Britain, the French government 
is nevertheless anxious to get a 
firm commitment to a particu- 
lar project before the general 
election on March 16. 

The French Public is gener- 
ally in favour of some form of 
fixed cross-Channel link, if only 
to make Britain feel a more 
genuine pan of Europe. But 
there would he unlikely to he 
much gnashing of teeth or. for 
that matter, much cheering if 
the projeci did not go ahead. 

"Flie relative lack of import- 
ance attnbuted to the project 
here has been reflected clearly 
in limited press coverage. 
Perhaps that is only natural, 
however given than a cross- 
Channel link will simply mean 
for the French easier access to 
one rather cold, northern 
country; for the British ii will 
open up a whole sun-filled 

There has been some oppo- 
sition from French Ferry 
operators, but is has been much 
less vocal than that of their 
British counterparts, and there 
has been no protest at all from 
the French environmentalist 

On the other hand, the Nord- 
Pas de Calais region is strongly 
in favour, believing that the 
project would tum what has 
hitherto tended to be a deprived 
French backwater into a thriv- 
ing European crossroads. 

France already has plans to 
extend us high-speed TGV train 
servee from Pans to Cologne 
via Lille and Brussels. It would 
therefore be relativley simple to 
lay an extra leg of track to link 
the service to a cross-Channel 

used to 
pelt police 

From Neil Kelly 

Thai riot police did not react 
when farmers protesting against 
the Government's agriculture 
policies pelted them with 
pineapples outside the Prime 
Minister’s office yesterday. 

Earlier, farmers driving lor- 
ries laden with pineapples ined 
io break through the gales but 
were persuaded to withdraw. 

The farmers’ protests have 
been generally peaceful, but 
there are fears they may get out 
of hand as some 3.UOO nee, 
pineapple and sugar farmers 
were joined by others from 
more distant areas of Thailand. 
Police have also been warned 
that tin miners from the south, 
hit by the collapse of the 
international tin market, are on 
their way to join the Bangkuk 

Thai fanners have com- 
plained for months that prices 
are far below production costs, 
and that Government attempts 
to manipulate- higher pnees are 
not working. 

The problems are reflected in 
the restlessness now overtaking 
the coalition Government, in 
which some panics want 
changes. Mr Amnuay Yossuck. 
the deputy Finance Minister, 
acknowledging the possibility of 
mass resignations from the 
Government, said: “If we think 
things cannot go on this way, 
why should we stay and go 
down with the Prime Minis- 

£400m wanted 
by British Rail 

British Rail has laid the 
Government that it wants to 
spend £400 million on new 
equipment - trains; track, 
terminals and signalling equip- 
ment - for a Channel tunnel - 
(Michael Baxley, Transport 
Editor, writes). 

British Rail has also reached 
outline agreement with the 
main Channel link promoters 
on the operation of through-rail 
services via a tunnel. 

train tunnel. All that would 
then be required would be a 
modification of British tracks to 
take the TGV to London, thus 
probably ensuring French Rail- 
ways a lion’s share of the new 
cross-Channel traffic. 

Four: (rare link: Mr Jim Sher- 
wood' Channel Expressway has 
emerged to become perhaps the 
strongest contender in the four- 
horse race for the link (Jeremy 
Warner. Business Correspon- 
dent. writes). 

Mr Ridley is expected to urge 
adoption of Expressway's four- 
bore tunnel rail and road link at 
his meeting with M Auroux. 

First he must persuade the 
French Government to aban- 
don its leaning towards the £2.3 
billion twin-bore rail-only tun- 
nel proposed by Channel 
Tunnel Group. 

This scheme, which proposes 
to carry road vehicles through 
the tunnel on shuttle trains, is 
also believed to have been 
found the most economically 
and technically practical of the 
four proposals in the recent 
joint report by officials of both 

iBnttsh Femes Est cost 

Consortium including 10 British and 
French companies and Banks 

Vehicle carrying train tunnel 

Anglo-French consortium 


Bridge Offshoremtaml. ^ 

■ - I Hoad tunnel I ■ ■ ■ 


| La mg. Brown and Root (UK). ICI 
Drive-through tube bridge, 
■operate reSfenoel 

British sources believe that 
President Mitterrand may have 
a sneaking preference for 
EuroRoute's £4.7 billion com- 
bined bridge and tunnel plan. 

He is said to be keen - to 
choose the scheme which will 
create most jobs, in spite of 
specualtion that the joint 
appraisal concluded that the 
largely French-designed project 
was too costly and technicalay 

The only proposal that 
appears to have bisen ruled out 
so far is Eurobridge's full bridge. 
It is thought to be too costly, at 
£3.9 billion, and too futuristic. 

The schemes will .be dis- 
cussed at a Cabinet meeting on 

One item on the agenda for 
the meeting between Mr Ridley 
and M Auroux is a possible 
compromise which would 
combine the best of the schemes 
by Channel Tunnel Group and 
Channel Expressway. 

Channel Expressway's power- 
ful backing in the British 
Government is all the more 
surprising because Mr Sher- 
wood. whose Sea Containers 
owns Sealink ferries, emerged as 
a contender only in April The 
other two front-runners, Chan- 
nel Tunnel Group and Euro- 
bndge. have been planning their 
proposals Tor many years. 

French opposition to the 
American-born Mr Sherwood 
centres on the paucity of French 
involvement in his £2.1 billion 
scheme. Channel Expressway 
tried to counter this criticism 
recently by bringing in SCREG, 
a leading French . construction 
group, as project manager for 
the French half of the link. ■ 

Mr Sherwood has done little 
in the past year to dampen 
French suspicion of his scheme, 
having made several outspoken 
references to French chauvin- 
ism and methods. With the 
exception of Credit Du Nord, 
there is no French financial 
backing for Channel Express- 
way. American and Japanese 
backers dominated the seven 
financial institutions Mr Sher- 
wood recently listed as sup- 

Channel Expressway's plan is 
the only one that allows 
motorists to drive all the way in 
a 30-mile tunnel free from the 
vagaries of the weather and 
without having to load their 
vehicles on and off trains. 
Channel Expressway is also the 
only proposer which intends to 
operate the link once it is built. 
The other three consortia 
consist of contractors whose 
interest is in constructing the 
link, but not in its operation. 

Leading article, page 15 

Scales fault 
led to US 
atom death 

From Trevor FishJock 
New York 

The nuclear plant tank that 
leaked poison gas and a mildly 
radioactive substance in Okla- 
homa at the weekend was 
accidentally overfilled because 
the pointer on a set of weighing 
scales jammed. 

When workers realized that 
the 14-ton steel tank was 
overfilled with a uranium 
compound they tried to heat it to 
reduce the contents. 

This was an untested pro- 
cedure. The beat raised the 
pressure in the tank and it 
ruptured. One man was killed 
by toxic fumes and more than 30 
people were injared. 

The Nuclear Regulatory 
Commission is Investigating the 
accident at the Kerr-McGee 
nuclear fuel processing plant in 
Gore, which has been closed. 

The tank was designed to 
hold 27,5001b of uranium 
hexafluoride, but it was filled 
with about 29,5001b. Workers 
healed it (o convert the contents 
to gas and to bleed off the 

On contact with air, the 
leaking uranium hexafluoride 
was converted to radioactive 
uranylfluoride, which settled on 
the ground in the plant, and 
highly corrosive hydrofluoric 
acid. ’which drifted as vapour 
Checks on radiation levels 
around the plant continued 
yesterday. A state health official 
said that there was no signifi- 
cant contamination. 

TV change 

From Ivor Davis . 

Los Angeles 

Speaking for the first time as 
the new owner of Twentieth 
Century-Fox Film Corporation 
and six big television stations, 
Mr Rupert Murdoch, the 
publisher, said his Fox tele- 
vision newwork would be in the 
vanguard of a new era of 
competition in the United 

Delivering the keynote adress 
to the Association of Indepen- 
dent Television Stations at the 
Century Plaza Hotel here, Mr 
Murdoch said his six Metro 
Media Inc. television stations 
would be welded “into a secure 
base from which to deliver an 
extensive and successful pro- 
gramming service" that would 
"give the American people a 
fresher choice”. 

“We at Fox are at this 
moment deeply involved in this 
work to put shape and form on 
original programmes, con- 
structed specifically to com- 
plete, and increase the audi- 
ences of all stations who play 
them,” Mr Murdoch said. 

“Our Fox television broad- 
casting division will be looking 
at Fox studios as only one 
source of material. Indeed, we 
will not only buy from the 
whole universe of suppliers, but 
will happily consider, indeed 
seek, programme partnerships 
with other broadcasters and 
interested parties”. 

Strong man to lead Yugoslavia 

From Dessa Trevisan 

Mr Branko Mikulic, who has 
the reputation of being a 
hardliner, has been designated 
as Yugoslavia’s Prime Minister 
in the reshuffle due in spring 
when the present Government’s 
four-year term expires. 

Mr Mikulic bias often been 
strongly in favour of action 
against all kinds of dissent. He 
is currently one of the eight 
members of the Yugoslav state 
presidency, the collective body 
at the head of the state. In his 
native Bosnia he is regarded as 
a strong figure. As head of the 
Winter Olympic Committee, he 
organized the games m Sarajevo 
two years ago which won special 
recognition for him both at 
home and abroad. 

Obviously in the next four 

years Yugoslavia will need a 
strong personality at the head of 

Mr Branko Miknlic, the 
Yugoslav Prime Minister- 

the Government to carry 
through the recovery pro- 
gramme and deal with galloping 
inflation, which the present 
Government of - Mrs Mflka 
Planinc has been unable to 

The Government was re- 
cently criticized by the state 
presidency for failing to halt 
inflation, which last year 
reached a record 80 per cent. 
Living standards have con- 
tinued to fell and unemploy- 
ment, at some 1.2 million, is 
almost IS per cent of the labour 
force, the highest-m Europe. - 

Selecting a new federal prime 
minister is the prerogative of 
the state presidency, which 
earlier fail ed to agree on the 
candidature of Mr Tvan Statu- 
bolic, put forward by Ssrbia- 

Mr Husain Mnsawi, head of the Islamic Antal Shia fundamentalist group in Lebanon, 
reading letters at his Baalbex headquarters yesterday from US schoolchildren pleading 
for the release of American hostages. 



Guards saw 
inmates kill 
three in 
jail mutiny 

Moundsvifle, West Vfcg«jj 
(AFP). - guards aec 

hostage by mutineers last wee it. 
wereforced to watch the faI % 
of at - least three convicts 
accused ofbdnginlbnnes- 
i Sixteen guards, held 
harmed for two days until 
authorities agreed to talk about 
the 200 -mutineers’ complaints 
of overcrowding and unsanitary 
conditions; were ordered not to 
talk about horrific scenes during 
their ordeaL . But : eyewitness 
reports began to leak out at the 

Blood-Smeared convicts with 
makeshift knives cut the throats 
of .the accused traitoev ripped 
out .their hearts and paraded 
through cdibtacks-. one - guard 
alleged.-. He - rimmed that “ 
feUowwarder was forced ... 
watch the killing of a convicted 

Another guard .was in hospi- 
tal suffering from shock. One of 
his colleagues claimed he saw 
the MiHng of another convicted 
murderer, whose throat was slit 
and whose body was then 
allegedly '.kicked from one end 
of-the cell block to another.^ 

The slate Governor; March 
Moore, said after the last of the 
-hostage guards were freed on 
Friday that immuni ty for taking 
part -in the. mutiny would not 
cover any inmates found guilty 
of murdering fellow-convicts. . 

He said that the accused 
stool-pigeons -had been sub- 
jected to mock trials, with the 
accusers allegedly playing the 
role, of **judge, jury and 

The terrorism connection 

Rationale of Gadaffi’s deadly mischief 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

President Reagan has de- 
scribed Colonel Gadaffi, the 
Libya leader, as “the most 
dangerous man in the world”. 
As a former suspected target for 
a Libyan assassination plot, he 
has reason to hold such views. 

Although Mr Reagan may be 
over-stating the extent of 
Colonel Gadaffi’s power, few 
people in the West would doubt 
his capacity to make often 
deadly mischief. 

His foreign adventures, his 
associations with revolutionary 
groups and his advocacy of 
violent methods to deal with 
Libyan opponents of his regime 
have given him the image of a 
tyrant bent on expanding 
Libya's influence by violent 

In spite of many apparent 
inconsistencies - such as his 
flirtations with the Soviet 
Union without abandoning his 
anti-CommunisT views - there 
are common threads to his 

First, he is a staunch 
opponent of Israel and a 
passionate supporter of the 
Palestinian cause. This explains 
bis support for Palestinian 
organizations, such as the Abu 
Nidal group, and his praise for 
acts of terrorism against Israeli 

Secondly, he has an obsession 
about the “imperialist” inten- 
tion of Western powers, whom 

he sees as being m league with 
Israel; and, linked, to this, a 
belief that “liberation” organi- 
zations struggling against im- 
perialism should be aided. 

This explains his frequently 
voiced support for organiza- 
tions such as the IRA, the Red 
Brigades in Italy and the Red 
Army Faction in West Ger- 
many, as well as the Sandinista 
government of Nicaragua and 
anti-government rebels in El 

Thirdly, his belief in Muslim 
unity has led him into war (in 
Chad), into border disputes 
with neighbours who do not 
share his view of a Muslim 
union led by Libya, and into 
political relationships with a 
disparate variety of Islamic 
leaders ranging from Idi Amin, 
former President of Uganda, to 
the conservative King Hassan 
of Morocco, with whom he 
signed a treaty of union in 1984. 

Fourthly, his fear of plots to 
depose him of which there have 
been at least 1 S, has led him to 
be ruthless in his pursuit of 
political opponents, a number 
of whom have been tracked 
down and murdered by agents 

Despite the growing 
impression that Colonel 
GadaffTs hand is behind many 
recent terrorist attacks, there is 
often little firm evidence, to 
prove Libyan involvement. 

In some cases Libya is known 
to give political support to the 
group responsible for an attack 
and perhaps to have supplied 
it • with • weapons. But the 
“smoking gun” is rarely found 
in Libya’s hand. 

On several occasions, notably 
when the threat of retaliatory 
action looms, Libya publicly 
protests its innocence. 

Last September, for instance, 
in a speech marking the 
sixteenth anniversary of the 
coup which brought him to 
power. Colonel Gadaffi denied 
that he backed international 
terrorism. “We are not allied to 
the . Red Brigades or other 
bands, whether in Germany, 
Spain or elsewhere,” he said. . 

However.-, .on an earlier 
occasion he boasted that Libya 
was “capable of exporting 
terrorism to the heart of 
America. We are also capable 
of physical liquidation, and 
destruction and arson in 

After the attacks at Rome and 
Vienna airports, Libya denied 
American and Israeli allegations 
that it helped to plan the killings 
and denounced the attacks as 
“deplorable blood outrages". 

There is evidence, however, 
about Libyan involvement in 
attempts to assassinate Colonel 
Gadaffi’s political opponents. 

Since 1979 Libyans have 
been urged to kill “stray dog” 

opponents of the regime, hi 
1980 at least 15 exiles were 
murdered with the backing of 
the Libyan Government. 

• There Kaye been a number of 
other' : killing s since theft - - 
but even more failures. One of 
the most spectacular abortive 
attempts occurred in November 
1984 when a four-man “hit 
squad”, including two Britons, 
with orders to assassinate Mr 
Abdul Hamish; Bakonah, a 
former Libyan prime minister, 
was seized in Cairo. 

Colonel Gadaffi’s violent 
intentions have been particu- 
larly directed at the 30,000 
Libyans living in Britain. In 
March 1984, after a repetition' 
of the -official- exhortation 
to liquidate enemies of the 
revolution, seven bombs 
exploded in London and 

A month later, during" a 
demonstration outside the 
Libyan People’s Bureau . in 
London by opponents of- the 
Gadaffi regime, a policewoman 
was killed and 1 1 people injured 
by shots fired from within the 

Colonel: Gadaffi denied re- 
sponsibility for the murder of 
the policewoman but, after 
Britain broke off diplomatic 
relations, he was understood to 
have ordered other “hit squads” 
to suspend - their activities in 

Damascus puzzle of 
Abu Nidal’s office 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Reagan team meets 
on Libya crisis 

From Michael Binyoo, Washington 

Until a few weeks ago, you 
could hear views of Sabri d- 
Banna - alias Abu Nidal - by 
pressing the metal bell on the 
front door of a two-storey 
apartment in the western 
suburbs of Damascus. A 
television camera surveyed 
visitors to the house as they 
stood in' the tree-lined road 

The walls inside bore no 
illustrations or “martyrs* por- 
traits", not even an exhortation 
or two in Arabic. Only a lone 
map of pre-1948 Palestine, 'its 
borders fringed in a cancerous 
white, explained the purposes 
of the well-dressed young men 
who explained Aim NidaTs 
cause, their well-creased shirts 
and ties giving them the sort of 
grim respectability that as- 
sassins like to adopt 

Ask the Syrians nowadays if 
Abu NidaTs office is- still in 
existence and they evince as 
much puzzlement, about the 
question as they do ignorance 
about tiie answer. Mr el- 
Banna’s presence is, a fter all, 
something which the Arab 
states like to boast of when the 
time is appropriate, for 
example, when Mr Yassir 
Arafat, the PLO leader con- 
demns Syria as an Israeli 
puppet. A mention of Mr el- 
Banna's capacity for violence is 
supposed to curb the boldest 
Arab leader: 

The man himself - glimpsed 
recently only in a grainy news 
photograph in which he wears a 
sloppy camouflage hat - was 
bora In Jaffa hi 1935.He was; 
according to every source, oae 
of Mr Arafat's officers before 
1970, venturing on guerrilla 
operations against the Israelis 
but increasingly disenchanted 

with the PLO leader's belief 
that negotiation rather - tha n 
armed struggle would secure a 
h om e lan d for Pal estini ans. 

Splits within the PLO were 
no thing new, but the departure 

of Abu Nidal - his nom-de* 
guerre literally means “Father 
of struggle” - unleashed - an 
unprecedented conflict within 
the movement. Both sides 

condemned their respective 
leadership to death, and Mr 
Arafat's men achieved a victory 
of sorts in . 1972, . when they 
murdered Ahmed Abdul Gha- 
four, Mr el-Banoa’s second in 
command, on the ground that 
he had made off with a large 
amount of PLO cash. 

Calling his dissident faction 
the “A1 Fatah Revolutionary 
Council”, Abu Nidal set out - 
first with Iraqi assistance and 
then with Syria's support - to 
eliminate Palestinians who 
maintained their belief that a 
peaceful solution alone could 
bring about a settlement in the 
Middle East. Issam Sartawi, 
Saeed Hamami and other PLO 
men who expressed such 
“treacherous” convictions were 

Apparently anxious to crush 
Mr- Arafat’s entire guerrilla 
movement, Abu Nidal sent his 
men to kill Israel's Ambassa- 
dor to London in the summer of 
1982. The attempted assassin- 
ation prompted Israel’s in- 
vasion of Lebanon, an experi- 
ence which both the PLO and 
Israel itself came to regret. 

A rapprochement between 
Iraq and the PLO - and, more 
anportantiy. a promise from 
the Americans that they would 
look more kindly upon Presi- 
dent Saddam Hussein's regime 
if he dispensed with Abu Nidal 
- forced Mr ELBanna out of 
and into Damascus. - - 
be variously Issued 
threats against ' Western 
nations, including Britain, and. 
gave Ids moral support to 
opponents of President Muba- 
rak of Egypt. Syria, it tran- 
spired, was quite prep ar ed to 
use him tor its own pmrposes- 

Colouel Gadaffi is on record 
as praising Abu Nidal, and it is 
not surprising that tiie most- 
recent hijackings and airport 
killings have been laid at his 
door. For a time, he was 
ranurareti to have -died -of 
cancer but - like others of the 
West's most hated eoetair* - 
he. re-emerged very . modi -alive 

Why terror continues, page 14 

President Reagan met his 
foreign policy advisers yester- 
day to discuss the tension with 
Libya, as the White House 
scornfully denied Colonel 
Gadaffi’s claim that a US 
ambassador had been -in touch 
with him. 

Mr Larry Speakes, the Presi- 
dent’s spokesman, also said the 
Libyan leader’s claim that there 
were no training camps in Libya 
was “patently untrue?*. The US 
had “firm evidence” of camps 
there that trained terrorists. But 
Mr Speakes said the US had 
□ever suggested that the terror- 
ists had come directly from 
Libya to the Rome and Vienna 

He again urged the estimated 
1,500 US citizens in Libya to 
leave because of the unrest and 
uncertainty there. And he said 
all threats to activate Libyan 
terrorist groups in- the US had 

been taken -seriously. “We do 
remain on guard.” 

The Reagan Administration 
is still trying to persuade its 
European allies to* join econ- 
omic sanctions against Libya, 
and will be consulting them on 
concerted action in the next few 
days. But there seems to be 
growing disappointment and 
exasperation here that little is 
likely to come of this, and that 
Europe is unwilling to cut or 
reduce its trade with Libya.-. 

Similarly, while still review- 
ing military options, the Ad- 
ministration appears to be 
backing away .from its earlier 
threats. The White House has 
dismissed talk of a naval 
blockade ias nonsense, and 
senior officials make much of 
the damage, a military strike 
would do to US standing in the 
Arab world and to the Middle 
East peace process. 

Tripoli shrugs off threat 
of US retaliation 

Tripoli (Reuter) - It was 
business as usual in Tripoli 
yesterday, with no obvious sign 
that Libyans were taking 
seriously reports of possible U§ 
retaliation against their country 
over last month’s airport 
attacks in Rome and Vie nna. 

The Libyan leader. Colonel 
Gadaffi, was relaxed and jovial 
when he spoke to reporters on. 
Sunday in a barley field outside 
Tripoli and said he had placed 
his armed forces on full alert to 
confront a possible US attack. 

But there were no visible 
signs of troop movements 
around military barracks or 
other installations in the Tripoli ’ 
area yesterday and diplomats 
said they, had noticed only a 
■slight increase- of movement at 
Tripoli harbour since the crisis 


changes in day-to-day 

He said- the same applied to 
the estimated 1,500 Americans 
bving in Libya, who appear to 
have disregarded President 




be threat of US retaliation 
is not being taken seriously,” 
one Western diplomat , said. 
“There is no ngq .of troops on 
the streets, no panic and no 

- Of— A IHH 

Kcagan s directive to leave 

“There are no Americans 
leaving. They are on 
money here, and there » 
evidence that they are 
personal risk.” 

LISBON; Portuguese security 
forca have been alerted to tiie 
Possible presence in Portugal of 
mree Abu Nidal terrorists 
(Martha de la Cal writes). Police 
sources said three men carrying 
Moroccan passports believed to 
be false tattered the country 
“rough Oporto at tiie- end of 
. last week and headed, souths. 

The PLO representative in 
usoon, Mr Issam Bescisso, said 
had warned the Government 
^ OM *SainstNato 
installations, , embassies and 
other targets. 

Iraq claiins 

attack oii 

F» B hftad (Reutc r> ; T . .Iraq 
yesterday said ifa troops had 
recaptured parts of the southern 
Majnoun Islands. «SMd by 
Iranian forces m 
offensive early in 1984..; , 

A High Command com- 
musuqne said two -brigades of 
the Iraqi .Third Army ..Corps 
launched a suninse^jttadc 
overnight and “E b e ratt s E * sev- 
eral utiles of enemy-heftt tenv 
tory.kflling hundreds affragism 
a &d wounding manymoro 
- president. Saddam Jfcaain 
said in a broadcast .speech 
TWflftfing Army Day that any 
fresh Iranian offe griyer. w ould 
only end in ca t a str ophe,' fin 

Tehran’s leaders. 

i#" NICOSIA: Iran; said its 
Isoldiers repulsed '^tim.-'Iraqi 
'attack da the iriand»> {AP 
reports). ‘ 

EEC call to go 
at same speed 

The Hague (Reuier^'^; the 
Netherlands, current-' President 
of the European Qutatfuiiity, 
will press other membefarai a 
ministers' meeting tffift.we tk to 
-move towards common road 
speed Emits, the Transport 

iMioistry said. - " / • v. 

. -Mrs Nedie SrmtKroes, ffie 
transport Minister, favours a 
flexible range of Emits, keeping 
.low on busy roads but 
high where traffic ls fight and 
road conditions good. 

Rape charges 

Copenhagen (AFP) - A 38- 
year-old doctor has been char- 
red wish the rape and attempted 
rape of a large number of 
women he drugged during night 
house calls, police in tiie 
Copenhagen suburb of Lyngby 

Strike ended 

Dhaka, Bangladesh (AP) - 
About 40,000 government doc- 
tors, engineers and agricultural 
staff ended a 15-day strike 
claiming to have won employ- 
ment concessions in talks with 
President Ershad. 

Raid torture 

Clayton, Missouri (AP). - 
Robbers pulled out the teeth ot 
a hotel manager with pliers to 
force him ter hand over the to 
to an office where $1,( 
(£1,1 00) was kept. 

President Doe 

General Samuel Doe, aged 35, 
swam In yesterday for a six- 
year tens as President of 
Liberia after widely co n tested 
national elections last October. 
After the ceremony in Monro- 
via he ordered the release of 19 
people held in connection with 
a coop attempt last November. 

Nuclear protest 

Amberg, . West Germany 
(AP)- One hundred and thirty 
four anti-nuclear demonstrators 
were arrested after damaging 
the facade of a jail here holding 
the protesters who allegedly 
clashed with police at a 
construction site for a nuclear 
waste-recycling plant about 18 
miles away. 

Minister quits 

Lima (Reuter) - Senor Mario 
Barturen resigned as Peru's 
Agriculture Minister after popu- 
lar protests over widespread 
shortages of bee£ chicken, 
potatoes and rice, 

Border attack 

Managua (AP) - President 
Ortega of Nicaragua accused 
Honduran soldiers of attacking 
an Army patrol near Paso de 
Carao, two miles inride Nicer 
r ag ua. on Sunday. 

Shuttle hitch 

Washington - The space 
shuttle Columbia's launch was 
put off for the third time in 19 
days, mainly because of mech- 
anical problems. It is now due 
to blast off today. 

Soldiers killed 

Colombo (Reuter) - Six Sri 
L ank an soldiers were killed 
when their vehicle was blown 
up by a land mine planted by 
Tamil guerrillas in Vavtmiya. 

Opening up 

„ Lagos (AFP) - President 
Babangida said . he would 
reopen Nigeria's land borders, 
closed in 1984, with a “mini- 
mum of delay”. 

Stroke of luck 

Wellington (Reuter) - A 
beach cricketer stunned, a 6ft* 
long shark- with his ba: aftefit 
threatened his nine-yearotd soft 
while he was surfing in southern 
New Zealand.' r 


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otswana border tense 
as Pretoria troops 
mass after bomb blast 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

Tension rose on South 
Africa's border with Botswana 
yesierday after the weekend 
landmine explosion which kil- 
led two whiles. South African 
troops were reported pouring 
into ihe area as units of the 
Botswana Defence Force were 
being sent to the frontier. 

At the same time, military 
headquarters in Windhoek. 

Namibia, disclosed that South Africa and land-locked Lesotho. 
African troops had carried out South Africa was maintaining 
another raid in southern Angola, its economic squeeze on the 

tiny state, which last week 
A spokesman described it as accused Pretoria at the UN of 
a follow-up operation and said mounting a raid in December 
that four South West Africa in which nine people, six of 

In Maputo, President Machel 
of Mozambique told diplomats 
that South Africa continued to 
give support to the MNR rebel 
movement despite the 1984 
non-aggression accord signed by 
the two countries. He described 
South Africa as the base of 
armed banditry and terrorism 
against Mozambique. 

And on the border of South 

People's Organization guerrillas 
had been killed and arms and 
equipment seized. The South 
African troops had relumed to 

Windhoek radio said that the 
raid followed the lulling by 
Swapo insurgents of an 
Ovambo civilian near the 

them South 
were killed. 

African refugees, 

South African officials are 
allowing only Basotho workers 
returning to South Africa after 
the Christmas holidays to cross 
the border and are meticulously 
searching all vehicles, causing 
serious delays in the delivery of 
food and other essentials. 

The South African Foreign 
Ministry has said that the steps ! 
have been taken because of I 
intelligence reports of an Afri- 
can National Congress guerrilla 
build-np in Lesotho. 

The troop build-up on the 
Botswana border came within 
hours of South Africa's bluntest 
warning yet that it would strike 
across its frontiers in retaliation 
for a scries of landmine blasts 
which have claimed nine 
civilian lives in five weeks. 

In addition, five people were | 
killed and more than 60 injured 
when a bomb exploded in a 
shopping centre at Amanzim- 
loti. near Durban, two days 
before Christmas. 

The ultraright wing is baying 
for revenge. 

General Magnus Malan, the 
Defence Minister, has said: 
“Landmines planted on public 
roads are not amimed at any 
specific target but at all 
members of the public. After | 
deliberation, the Government 
will act in order to fight this 

A special South African force 
is already operating from the 
Stockpoort border post on the 
Botswana frontier, close to 
where the latest mine blast 
occurred. A military spokesman 
at nearby EUisras said: 
“Although there are signs that it 
was planted by a single person, 
we arc taking no chances and a 
thorough search has been 
launched over a wide area.” 

In Gaborone, the Botswana 
Government denied that it 
allowed ANC guerrillas to 
operate from its territory. 

A statement said: “Botswana 
categorically rejects any sugges- 
tion that security forces here 
have co-operated with indivi- 
duals engaged in operations 
against neighbouring states.” 

US radio woos Europe again 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Jazz, pop music, news, 
comment and scenes from the 
e'cr>da> life of ordinary Ameri- 
cans: this is the fare of 
Washington’s new 24-hour 
radio service that began broad- 
casting to Europe on medium 

Transmissions, which began 
on a limited basis over cable in 
October, will now be easily 
audible for 10 hours a day on 
the more popular wave band in 
the Munich region. 

The broadcasts, in English, 

wave yesterday in an. effort to in BSudn! 

toun ter the negative view of the ^ Q f ^ effort to 

1 imicd States and correct anti- in v. ._r” 

American “misconceptions in 
France and West Germany. 

Fuelled by increasing concern 
here at the huge demonstrations 
in Europe against US defence 
and foreign policies in recent 
vears. the Reagan Adminis- 
tration has authorized the Voice 
nf America, after a 25-year 
break, to resume direct broad- 
casts to Western Europe. 

explain US policy and attitudes 
at a time when Moscow is 
making propaganda inroads 
among America’s European 

“VOA-Europe will help cor- 
rect the information deficit 
about the US ... among 
millions of young people who 
have grown up since Worid War 
H. the Marshall Plan and the 
establishment of NATO," Mr 

Charles Wick, director of the 
US Information agency that 
controls VOA, said in the 
autumn. “They are deeply 
interested in the US but have 
misconceptions about curl 
country and people.” 

Mr Wick. a leading 
conservative and close friend of | 
President Reagan who has 
transformed VOA into a more 
openly partisan and combative 
service, added: “Some may not 
understand how fully we share 
culture, values, traditions and a 
commitment to the common 
defence of freedom.” 

The new service has also 
started in Paris on FM radio. It 
will be expanded later, carrying 
programmes in German, 
French, Italian and Spanish. 

An opposition victory in the 
Philippines presidential election 
next month will lead to a 
renegotiation of the country's 
huge foreign debt, the presiden- 
tial contender, Mrs Corazon 
Aquino, said yesterday. 

In her first major pronounce- 
ment on the economy,, the 
leading opposition candidate 
told a packed meeting of 
businessmen in Man i l a: 
"Beyond a certain point, respect 
for market forces roust yield to 
the demands of conscience.” 

She said that if President 
Marcos is ousted in the 
February 7 poll: “We. shall 
vigorously seek to renegotiate 
the terms of our foreign debL 

cling to 

From Charles Harrison 
: Nairobi 

Three weeks after the signing 
of a peace agreement designed 
to bring bade unity to Uganda, 
the country remains divided 
into zones controlled by power 

Few provisions of the agree- 
ment have been implemented, 
and there is no sign of accord 
between the Military Council 
set up- by the soldiers, who 
staged a coup 'last July and the 
guerrillas, of . the National 
Resistance Army who control a 
.large area of the south-west of 

the country. ‘ - 

The ' .- Uganda Freedom 
Movement, one of tbesmafier 
guerrilla groups operating 
before the coup, has its own 
area south of Kampala. Here 
armed members of the Uganda 
Army are barred, and civilians 
have escaped the killing Mid 
harassment widespread in other 
areas near- Kampala. 

Fighting between the Uganda 
Army and- the . NRA has 
stopped, but each maintains 
armed readiness. The NRA 
controls' main roads west of 
Kampala, cutting links with 
land-locked Rwanda and 
Burundi:, and the NRA refuses 
to repatriate Uganda Army 
soldiers captured in its area. 

The agreement signed m 
Nairobi on December 17 after 
months of negotiation provides 
for the NRA to take half of the 
seats on the Military Council, 
with its leader, Mr Yoweri 
Museveni, becoming its deputy 

It also provides for all troops 
to be withdrawn from Kampala, 
and . for the Army to be 
disarmed, so that , a smaller, 
more efficient force can be 
formed and trained. .. 

None of these provisions has. 
been carried out, and Mr 
Museveni has stayed away from 
Kampala, waiting for the 
Military Council to end the 

excesses by unruly troops. 

_ _ . - Last weekend was compara- 

president of our country, it is in tiv . qu j M ^ Kampala, giving 
that capacity I shall wye. asa ^ { m , iress i 0 ,| that the situa- 
as president, I shall lean. n. p on is improving slowly. 

L LIIU Ul UVpiVilMUVi • elected, I will remain a motner. I But ^ was n0 surprise when 

Whatever the true fijgure, to my children, but I tntena to ^ of Kenya and 

the future course of Filipino be chief executive ot tins Ta nzan ia declined an invitation 
international finance policy is nation,” she said. 

Mre "v 

Aquino pledges action on debt 

From Paul Rontledge, Manila 

“Our economy cannot likely to become more of an 
possibly endure, nor our people election issue. President Marcos 
long accept, a situation where has dismissed his rivals as 
nearly half of our export “obviously too weak to cope 
earnings must go to interest with our security and economic 
payments alone, and for loans problems”. . 

that have benefited only a However, it was a rather 
favoured few.” different and tougher Mrs 

There is conflict about just Aquino who took the rostrum at 
how much Asia’s most indebted a hotel in the capital’s business 
nation acutally owes. Mrs district yesterday, spuming the 
Aquino said yesterday that it title Mother of the Nation 

lid yesterday 
US$26 billio 

could be US$26 billion (£18 
billion) or $30 billion if not 
more. The Government insists 
it was just over $25.5 billion at 
the end of September. 

“I am campaigning 

to be 

Attempt to achieve self-reliance 

Boost for Canberra’s armoury 

to visit Kampala. They are 
clearly unhappy at the lack of 
real progress towards unity. 

Following last week’ s ord er 
imposing censorship on reports 
of incidents involving the 
security forces, a Kampala 

Talks on 

in Hanoi 

Hanoi (Reuter) - American and 
Vietnamese officials met for 
three hours yesterday ax the 
highest level since the end of the 
war between the two nations for 
talks on hundreds of missing 

US scrviccmen- 

The US assistant Secretary of 
Defence, Mr Richard Armitage, 
said there had been “in-depth 
discussions of all aspects — to 
include -how we might acceler- 
ate pr o gress toward resolution 
of this issue". 

Mr Armitage. head of a 
seven-member delegation that 

included the wum Secretary 
of State# Mr Paul Wolfowitz, 
said that another meeting will 
be held today, this tune with the 
Foreign Miniaer, Mr Nguyen 

The deputy Foreign Minister, 
Mr Hoang Bich Son, led the 
Vietnamese side at yesterday’s 
iaiir« The Americans return to 
Bangkok today after a 24-hour 

Vietnamese officials, who 
not to be identified, said 
that the Americans yesterday 
rejected proposals for visits to 
the site *of acrashed a US 
bomber and also to a villa that 
Hanoi had offered to house a 
permanent US liaison office. 

Vietnam said earlier that it 
would return human remains 
presumed to be those of 
Americans. Hanoi returned 39 
bodies in 1985, making a total 
of 123 since 1975. 

The US says that 1,797 
American . servicemen went 
missing in Vietnam or off its 
coasts during the war. 

Western diplomats said that 
Hanoi hoped that foster 
accounting of the missing would 
lead to renewed diplomatic 
relations, and also hoped for an 
end to an economic embargo by 
the US and other countries who 
have demanded that Vietnam 
withdraw its troops from 

Co-operation on the issue of 
raigong Americans quickened 
in August when Vietnam said it 
would solve the matter unilater- 
ally within two years. But 
Vietnamese leaders emphasized 
that a rec ipr o ca l gesture from 
Washington, such as the current 
visit, would be the key to the 
fiiUest possible accounting. 

The State Department 
spokesman, Mr Charles . Red- 
man, said in Washington last 
week that the current talks 
would deal only with the issue 




By Caroline Moorehead 
Otieno Mak'Onyango, former 
Assistant Managing Editor of ! 
The Sunday Standard, a leading 
Kenyan newspaper, has been in 
detention since August 17, 1982, 
on suspicion that he was involved 
in the unsuccessful coup by 
members of the Kenya Air 

Initially he was accused of 
treason, but the charges against 
him were eventually dropped 
and he was released - only to 
be rearrested immediately and 
held under tbe Preservation of 
Public Security Act (Section 
83) which allows people to be 
detained indefinitely without 
charge or trial. Many people in 
Kenya believe that be owes his 
continuing imprisonment to a 
mistake of identity, and that^he 
hag been confused with Patrick 
Mak’Onyango, a public rela- 
tions officer with the Voice of 
Kenya, who went to Uganda 
shortly after the. attempted 
coup. Embarrassment over their 
mistake, it is said, may now be 
preventing the authorities from 
ordering his release. 

Conditions for political 
detainees in Kenya are more 
severe than for other prisoners 
Mr Mak’Onyango is allowed 
only one visit a year 

9 Gyorky Kras so, the Hun- 
garian economist, one of 
The Times 12 prisoners of 
conscience of 1985 who are now 
free, is not, as stated last week, 
living in exile, hot is in Britain 
on a temporary passport to be 
with his seriously ill brother, 

Seven die in fights 
at Indian festival 

Delhi (AFP Reuter) - At least 
seven people have been killed 
and several injured in clashes at 
a kite-flying festival in the west 
Indian city of Ahmedabad. 

Police fired tear gas and guns 
to quell the mobs, which had. 
also set fire to shops and 
vehicles, the Press Trust of 
India (PTI) said. 

The city administration 
imposed a curfew in the old 
district The cause of the clashes 
was not known. 

The city last year was tbe 
scene of Hindu-Muslim con- 
frontation and violence between 
higher and lower caste Hindus . 
over a government policy 
allowing quotas for the lower 
caste in jobs and education. 

In Punjab, gunmen wounded 
two shopkeepers in the Sikh 
holy city of Amritsar yesterday 
hours after three others were 
shot in mounting violence 
PTI said the shopkeepers 

were injured when suspected 
extremists opened fire in the old 
quarter of the 'city, near the 
Golden Temple, the Sikhs' 
holiest shrine. 

In an earlier incident, gun- 
men opened fire and wounded 
three people in the morning at a 
bus station in Sangrur district. 

Hundreds of members of the 
militant All India Sikh Students 
Federation meanwhile blocked 
traffic in Amritsar and Jaland- 
har yesterday in protest against 
the arrest of a Sikh leader in 
neighbouring Haranya state last 
week, PTI said. 

Police in Jalandhar forced 
some 400 AISSF supporters to 
free four buses from Haryana 
and one from Delhi. 

The latest attacks came as 
Punjab's ruling Akali Dal party 
urged the Chief Minister, Mr 
Suijit Singh Earnata, to use a 
firm hand against Sikh hardlin- 
ers when it met yesterday. 

Paris mission to Poland 

Paris (Reuter) - A French Mitterrand and *? Ush 

minister is to visit Poland this leader. Genera^ 

The crisis in Anzus between 
New Zealand and the US over 
warship visits came at a time 
when Australia, the third 
partner in the alliance, had 
begun a reappraisal of Us 
defence policies STEPHEN 
TAYLOR reports from 

The only successful invasion 
of Australia was by Britain in 
1788. No other nation appears 
to have entertained the idea 
since Japan bombed Darwin hi 
1942 and then dismissed it as 
too difficult. Bat the trauma of 
that experience has figured^ in 
Australian strategic planning 
ever since. 

The war weaned Canberra 
once and for all from the notion 
that Britain was its first line of 
defence. That role in Australian 
consciousness passed to the US 
for an era that embraced the 
Vietnam War and lasted until a 
watershed 1976 White Paper 
pointed the way to an Australia 
committed to Anzus and other 
regional alliances bot ultimately 

Tbe first major re-examin- 
ation of defence priorities since 
1976 was started last year by 
Mr Paul Dibb of the Strategic 
and Defence Studies Centre at 
die Australian National 
University- and is expected to 
be completed by Jane. The 
timing was unrelated to the 
Anzus troubles, but it was 
perhaps fortuitous. 

A Defence Department 

official says: “The logistics ot 
invading Australia are of course 
intimidating. But so they are of 
defending it. We have more 
than 17,600 miles of coastline, 
limited technical resources and 
: a small population.” 

To guard »p iBsl the perhaps 

improbable eventuali ty of armed of the 

aggression, key decisions lave 

West German or a Swedish 

company. . 

Considerable thoaga these 
projects are, a crudal element 
in Australian strategic planning, 
may lie with another concept,, 
one not yet folly developed bat 
with the potential , to jpfeg an 
enormous gap in defence 

journalist, Mr Henry Gombva, oral 

was in hiding yesterday after] of missing - 

two LandESoveirs full of troops, 1 The US lists 2,441 Americans 
sent by General Basilio Okefio, 
the. Army commander, went to 


missing m all of sooth East Asia 
t of the Indo-China 

as- n result 

already been taken which add np 
to the two costliest peacetime 
defence projects ever mounted 
in Australia's defence. 



Part 2 

The biggest involves the 
replacement of the Mirage 
1J10-D in air defence and 
tactical ' support squadrons 
by the most' advanced and 
expensive American aircraft, 
the F-A-18 Hornet. The first 
two Hornets, were made in the 
US, while tire remaining 73 
are being manufactured and 
assembled here in a project 
involving 17 Australian 

In August Mr Kim Beaztey, 
the fast-rising young Defence 
Minister, announced _ the 
decision to proceed -with a 
second major defence 
programme, the construction of 
five submarines at an estimated 
cost of around $Aus 2,600 
million (£1,250 million) by a 

vast northern coastline 

An experimental over-tne- 
horiztm radar system known as 
jindalee has been undergoing 
trials at Alice Springs m 
central Australia for several 
years. Developed by load 
scientists on minai 
expertise, the • experimental 
stage is said by Canberra 
officials to have been extremely 
successful and Mr Beariey last 

ruling on rematch 

By Raymond Keene 

The world chess champion, ■: 
Gary Kasparov,- has denied 
| reports that on Sunday he: 
refused pubfidy 1 to- play the 
revenge match against Anatoly 

Karpov stipulated by the work! ' looming crisis. 

The controversial president 
of Flde^Mr Florencio Campo- 
manes, of tbe Philippines, is 
frying to Moscow today appar- 
ently' to try to resolve the 

chess federation. Fide. 

. The match has been set' by 
Fide to start 1 on February 10, 

. j . TimlalM I nue ur. wui wu i «jiu<ay 

mo*? ^L J ^th^ and rival bids to stage the event 

would be turned oyer to I h mrni! from London and 

week for the first time since the M Baylet, who will amve in 
wee* - .... ^ in Warsaw tomorrow evening, will 

French lead the French side at the first 
meetig since 1981 of a Franco- 
Polish intergovernmental 

commission on economic co- 

imposition of martial 
December 1981, the 
Government announced yester- 

The 36-hour visit to Warsaw 
by the Secretary of State, M 
Jean-Michel Baylet, follows a 
controversial meeting in Paris 
last month between President 

operation. French sources said 
they might also use his visit to 
meet Poles outside the Govern- 
ment, such as Church leaders- 

Current defence spending is 2.9 per cent of GDP, compared with 6 per 
cent in the US and more man 5 per cent In Britain. The following is a table 
on defence expenditure for four years: 




% Increase 
on previous 
year In real 


1,55 Dm 















would __ ... 

Defence Force and put wo 

operation this yean - 

The system works by 
bouncing radio .waves off tite - 
ionosphere, about HMTmiles.qp, 
and back on to incoming air. 
sod ' sea traffic which 4s 
identified by echoes at a 
mainland receiving station. ■ . 

Officials describe Jindalee 
as **3 unique Australian asset” 
and maintain that because of Its 
location it picks ap a drarer 
signal than comparable U£> or 
Soviet systems in the Northern 

Jindalee provides a wide area 
of over-the-horizon surveillance 
but there is still a need for back- 
up, for Awacs aircraft to follow 
up signals from the system. 
The Defence Department last 
month invited submissions in 
what will be yet another 
lucrafive contract which is 
unlikely to be won by a British 

A Canberra strategist says: 
“It was always onr problem 
knowing what was out there. 
The fact Is we didn't. Before 
Jindalee this place was wide 


have- come from London and 
Leningrad: -A 7 - 
Although Kasparov has 
stated repeatedly _ that - the 
interval - of three months 
between the previous, match 
and the return is too small he 
said yesterday morning on the 

Mr Campomanes has said 
that he wiQ announce tbe venue 
for the world title match by 
January- 13. \ 

Cancellation of this match seen as a severe blow 
to • the ' • reputation of Mr 
Chmpo manes. ’ Indication . from 
■the Fide headquarters in Lu- 
cerne point to - the strong 
possibility that he' will try to 
strip. Kasparov .of Jus wodd title 

telephone from Moscow that he strip, Kasparov .of Jus wona otic 
has not yet refused to {day 'mid' ihls week ifhe does not confirm 
■- — * “ — . his willingness to contest the 

is still waiti; 
Soviet chess 


Lagos envoy here to forge ties 

Otieno Mak'Onyango: 
bad health. 


The Nigerian Foreign. Mims- ■ 
ter. Professor Bolaji Akinyemi, 
arrives in Britain today to 
discuss the delicate political and 
economic relations between 
Britain and its biggest trading 
partner in black Africa- (Reuter 
reports from London). 

During the two-day official 
visit, the first by a Nigerian 
minister since the coup that 
brought General Ibrahim 
Babangida to power in August, 
Professor Akinyemi will meet 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and the 
Foreign Secretary, Sir Geoffrey 

Sir Geoffrey went to Nigeria 
in September to seek a resto- 
ration of foil diplomatic ues, 

which were downgraded after 
an abortive attempt in 1?84 to 
kidnap the former Nigerian 
Transport Minister, Mr Umaru 
Dikko, and smuggle him to 
Lagos to face corruption 

The visit failed to resolve the 
main differences between the 
countries. Sir Geoffrey told a 
news conference in Lagos that 
there were limits to what 
Britain could do about Nige- 
rians concerns. 

Nigeria wants Mr Dikko 
extradited and has also raised 
the case of a former Nigerian 
Army major jailed for his part 
in the kidnap ploL 

Britain is pressing for a 
restoration of full diplomatic 
relations; each country with- 
drew its high commissioner 
over the kidnap attempt, 
Bri tain says that the Dikko 
extradition request cannot be 
settled until after an appeal by 
the former minister against a 

bilateral issues, but economic 
issues will be prominent. 

Nigeria, plagued by low oil 
prices and debts accrued during 
an oil boom, wants to limit loan 
repayments on foreign debts of| 
more than $8 billion (£53 
billion) to 30 per cent of its 
foreign earnings. 

Many creditors are in Britain, 
which has investments worth 
about £2 billion in Nigeria and 
is its leading supplier of goods 
and services. 

While in London, Professor 
Akinyemi will have talks at the 
Bank of England and at the 
Treasury. He will also meet the 
Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry. Mr Leon Brittan. 

la other developments, the 

Financial Minister, Dr 

oSjiw soJcd down 

major, it sa^s it cannot interfere sha^ly 
with the process of law. of short-term debt claimed by 

British S say that the trade partners that would be 
ifliks will cover the full range of accepted as gen-une. 

Packed carriages signal 
Japan’s Year of Tiger 

From David Watts, Tokyo t 

With a flurry of bows, Japan workers intent 

went back to work yesterday 
after an extended New Year 
holiday. Many firms gave their 
employees nine days off to 
celebrate the arrival of the Year 
of the Tiger, and they came 
streaming back into Tokyo until 
early yesterday, 

A record number, 270,000, 
saw in the -New Year abroad, 
but most had to be content with 
their hometowns. Returning to 
Tokyo, they paid the price for. 
their enjoyment; trains packed, 
even by Japanese standards, at 
up to 2 Vz times their capacity. 

The office girls come to work 
in their best and brightest 
kimonos. Tokyo trains and 
streets are dotted with the bright 
reds, greens and silvers of 
kimono, contrasting with the 
grey overcoats of male office 

ou rushing 
across the city from one 
company to another 

Though little business - is 
done, failure to greet all one's 
clients, potential clients, su- 
periors and colleagues at the 
New Year season would mean a 
very thin yror ahead indeed. 

The captains of industry fear 
that the New Year may live up 
to its bad reputation- Both the 
First World War and. the 
Korean War began in Years of 
the Tiger. 

The Japanese economy is 
facing one of its bleakest years 
for some tune, with the finest of 
protectionism in America and 
exports to China stalled. By 
“bleak?’, the ‘economists mean 
growth of .4 per cent, something 
in which most Western coun- 
tries would delight 

Ministers tq 
appear at 
spy hearing 

Oslo (Reuter) -.Mr Svenn 
Stray, the NorVregian Foreign 
Minister and. Mr Anders Sjaas- 
tad, the Defence Minister are to 
be questioned in the Supreme 
Court during the re-examin- 
ation of evidence presented in 
the trial last year that led to a 
20-year jail term for the 
Norwegian KGB spy, Arne 
Treholf . . 

Lawyers representing Tre- 
holt, who plans to appeal 
against . the sentence, have 
requested a foil re-examination 
of evidence 

At yesterday hearing, defence 
lawyers focused on an envelope 
which secret police said durr~~ 
the trial contained $50,C 
(£35,000) paid by the KGB, to 
. Treholt, a former junior govern- 
ment minister and senior 

Treholt was convicted m 
June 1985 for having passed to 
Soviet agents top-secret infor- 
mation on Nato and Norwegian 
defence strategy and troop 


gloomy spell 
for Italians 

Rome (AFF) - The Befana, a 
friendly witch who Ells the 
well-polished shoes of gooi 
cfcMren with sweets at Epipha- 
ny, returned to Italy yesterday 
after the Government restored 
the holiday, which was 
scrapped with six others eight 
years ago. 

The Befana, who Hies 
amend on a broomstick, was 
everywhere at once in Rome on 
Sunday, handing out sweets. 

.'Ihe most dramatic appear- 
ance was when a Befana flew 
on her broomstick from the top 
of die Colosseum, 

The Befana dates back 
hundreds of years. In the fast 
century, groups of children, one 
dressed as the Befana and 
other singing - and blowing 
trumpets, p araded through the 
streets,' knocking on doors for 
sweets and trinkets. 

Naughty children tradition- 
ally find lotops of coal in their 
shoes. But dices are also 
welcome, as they are made of 
Mack sugar. 

Shcharansky back in jail 

Jerusalem (Reuter) - The Avital, who lives in 

Soviet- Jewish dissident Mr Israel, ---said die has recently 
Anatoly Shc haransk y, has been'* heard from relatives in Moscow 
sentenced- to a new .six-month that her husband waseensenoed 
term in ' the jail of . a Soviet in October to anew prison term 
,9W camp, his , wife said. in. the Urals Mountain labour 


. yesterday. 

Mr Shcharansky, aged 38, 
was sentenced in 1977 to three 
years in prison andlOy&azs in a 
labour :camp on charges of 
spyingfor the United State. 

. camp. 

She has been tdijd' that die 
sentence was imposed because. 
Mr Shcharansky went on a 
hunger strike to protest at .not 

. receiving his mafi. 



"Today sees the; launch of" the BBC Master 
Series. A new generation in ihiThighly popular 
BBC Micro range. .. - ' • 

' Tins series represents, a real leap forward id 
microcomputing. . 

Never before has a new Micro been so ./ 
compatible* orso infinitely adaptable. 

' • • . ' THE MASTER 128 . ~ : : ' V ^ 

The fbundatioirnpon which the whole series ' 
is built , - 

Our Master retains ail the virtues of the 
present- 128K BBC Micrd (BBC. BASIC, superior 
choice of available software and peripherals); 

- Though now it includes- the . sophistication 
of wordprocessing and spreadsheets as standard. 

Ihe comprehensive WELCOME package 
contains software to demonstrate every aspect 
oLthe. system* especially its advanced graphics. 
Yet despite its Iniany advances, &e price 

■ remains the same. £499 including VAT. 


: The BBC Micro comes of age. Whilst main- 
tainingaJl the features of the 128, the Master 512 
adds the power of 16-bit computing to the series. 
. v To bring this power fully under your control, 
the 512 comes equipped with the GEM collection 
which provides an icon-driven, simple and easy- 
to-use environment, as well as a word processor 
and painting package. 

It is also the first BBC Micro to become 
MS-DOS compatible. 

As such, it provides access to a whole new 
range of professional software.. 

All for under £1,000. 


The BBC Micro is justifiably famous for its 
networking facility within schools. 

We intend to build on this reputation with 
the Master ET. Essentially it is a powerful, custom- 
built networking terminal. 

Expensive interfaces and peripherals can be 
shared with other computers. 

Which means it retails at the surprisingly 
low cost of £348.26 excluding VAT. 

Most important of all. you can buy the 
Master ET knowing it will plug straight into 
your existing ECONET network with the option 
of upgrading later. 


This facility transforms the Master 128 into 
the fastest micro in its class. 

.An average micro benchmark is around 18.88 
seconds. With the Master Turbo weve clocked up 
a record-breaking 4.67 seconds using BBC BASIC. 

Its speed makes it an extremely efficient 
development tool for the programmer or for 

anyone else with a heavy workload, costing only 
an extra £99 including VAT. 

Though you may prefer it because it lets 
you do two things at once. 

The TURBO can free your printer to 
perform one task while you perform another on 
your word processor. 


Scientific computing has traditionally been 
an expensive, time-consuming business. 

The 32-bit Master Sc. changes all that per- 
forming scientific tasks with the flexibility and 
cost-effectiveness of a microcomputer. 

It uses all the important scientific languages 
- ISO PASCAL, FORTRAN 77, C and 32016 

.And should you need any advice after 
purchase, you can rely on our technical support. 

That ends this BBC announcement. 

• -VTBE MVsTEftm t2flK RYVTlJrxiMTyKOM < AP 

. .... ^ - "THE M ASTER SC. \ Vni>V\i SKMRifJMH tTOR j 


The choice of experienced 

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chorus steps from stage to screen 


• j-iSits-ihi • 5 

Best feet forward: Sir Richard Attenborough, the director, lines op with the cast of the film, which took 10 years to get to the screen 4,000 dancers auditioned for 17 jobs 

They said the film of 
A Chorus Line, which 
opens in London this 
week, was unmakeable. 
Richard Attenborough 
did not agree . . . 

ir Richard Attenborough 
proudly considered his latest 
v * flint: “.As a challenge - 
'absolutely impossible to 
resist. As a cinematic task - 
by for the most difficult tiling I have 
ever done as a director. Certainly the 
most complex and subtle. In every 
way. in the camera work and the 
editing. it is the most sophisticated 
dim 1 have ever made.” 

As one of the modern cinema's 
notable bullet-biting directors of 
difficult projects, Attenborough had 
no illusions that making a film of 
Broadway's longest running show, A 
Chorus Line, was a formidable 
undertaking. It had scared off other 
talented men. It was widely regarded 
as the show that could not be filmed 
- too fragile a bubble to withstand 
the journey out of the theatre. 

“A man would be a fool to think it 
was a pushover", Attenborough told 
me. *‘I knew it would be demanding. 
I saw the show six or eight times and 
condered for several months before 
I said OK.” 

Attenborough’s OK was the 
turning point in the long-running 
saga of A Chorus Lin # s translation 
to the screen. It has taken more than 
i0 years - and the road has been 
Uttered with dashed hopes, torn-up 
scripts and scrapped business d e als. 

The play opened off Broadway at 
the small Public Theatre, is 
downtown Manhattan, on May 21 
i975, before transferring to the 
Shubert on Broadway in October. 
The news that this was a remarkable 
piece of theatre was out even before 
the critical acclaim, and offers for 
the film rights were made long 
before the show went to Broadway. 

It became the prize in a protracted 
and frustrated tug-of-war between 
the New York and Hollywood 
factions of showbusiness. It was a 

hot dramatic property with 
found creative problems for a 

A number of directors came and 
saw and, deciding they had no 
chance of conquering, went away. 
Over the years, while all the arguing 
was going on, A Chorus Line became 
an institution. 

The central figures in getting h on 
to celluloid were the canny Broad- 
way producers Cy Feuer and Ernest 
Martin, who had made the success- 
ful film Cabaret. They offered 
Joseph Papp, the show’s producer. 
Si 50,000 for the film rights. Then 
Columbia Pictures stepped in with- 

With critics and audiences plainly 
in love with the show, the offers 
were up to $3 million before it even 
transferred to Broadway. Within six 
months Universal Pictures were the 
front runners with an offer of $5.5 
million, plus a promise that the film 
would not be released for five years. 

But the project ran into trouble 
from the start The agents moved iiu 
A lot of agars were to be chomped. 
Many people wanted a slice of the 
film money: Michael Bennett, the 
originator of the show; Joseph Papp, 
the producer, James Kirkwood and 
Nicholas Dante who wrote it; 
Marvin Hamlisch, who composed 
the music; Edward Kleban, who 
wrote the songs, and Boh Avian the 

The agents negotiated royalties of 
20 per cent of the film's gross over 
$30 million. This was double the 
going Hollywood rate and the 
expectations this deal raised were to 
cast a long shadow over future 
negotiations. And in the mean time 
there were other difficulties. Michael 
Bennett was hired by Universal to 
direct the picture. But he and 
Hollywood never danced in step. 

“I missed New York. I missed the 
theatre, and I was naive about how 
California operates. It's about 
business first rather than the work 

There is usually tension when 
film and theatre, west coast and east 
coast, meet to do business. There is 
also the Hollywood ganglion that’ 
Michael Bennett so disliked. John 
Boorman, another director who 
knows Hollywood's power structure, 
writes in his book The Emerald 
Forest Diary . : "Hollywood is run by 


Success: Richard Attenborough with stars Michael Douglas sad Alyson Lea 

A production Una of talented fflm and 
theatre men toyed with A Chorus Line 
but parted company with it 
Michael Bennett was the first director 
hired by Universal to direct A Chorus 
Urn, but the New Yorker soon became 
efisiflusioned with the ways of 
Hollywood. He was followed by Nichols, 
who had his doubts about the project 
from foe start He asked fora $T6mffion 
dollar budget was turned down, and 
quit Next came Sidney Lumet director 
of Equus. He lasted just a few months to 
be loiiowed by a partnership, ABan Carr 
and Joel Schumacher. Carr wanted 
John Travotta to star, but the 
partnership foundered. Schumacher, 

r v» 

I not 

Attenborough arrived after Universal 
had soM the rights to PolyGram. 

a small group of people who are in 
adversary stances yet mostly inter- 
changeable: eight or nine studio 
beads, another 40-odd executives, 
perhaps 60 top agents, a dozen 
lawyers, as many business managers, 
100 active producers." 

With the disillusioned Michael 
Bennett gone. Universal brought in 
another big-name director, Mike 
Nichols (Who’s Afraid of Virginia 
Woof/?, The Graduate, Catch-22, 
among others). He worked on the 
prqject for six months in 1978. But 
the fundamental creative problem 
seemed insuperable. A Chorus Line 
is almost plotless, an audition on a 
bare stage. Its dramatic tension and 
magic lie in the particular and 
charged atmosphere of a theatre. 

Nichols had his doubts about the 
creative feasibility from the start. 
Universal did not like the screenplay 
and, in any case, would not give him 
the $16 million budget he wanted. 
He quit Universal next hired 
another heavyweight, Sidney Lumet, 

who had recently directed Eqiais 
and The Wiz. The relationship 
lasted only a few months. So the 
studio turned to Joel Schumacher, 
who had written The Wiz, and 
directed the incredible Shrinking 
Woman . He worked in partnership 
with Allan Carr who had produced 
the successful John Travolta film 

| Cai 

wanted Travolta to star 
'in A Chorus Line: But the 
Carr-Schumacher partner- 
ship foundered. Schu- 
macher had concluded he 
was on a hiding to nothing. “If it 
failed it would be a glaring failure on 
only my second movie: I really 
thought I could do it at first, but I 
was innocent and crazy.” 

Finally, in 1980, Universal got rid 
of its troublesome property, selling 
the rights for $7.8 million to the 
Germany-based PoiyGram group. 
The company wanted Michael 
Bennett to direct. He debated, but 

decided he would have been “done 
in emotionally” by having to 
audition people in the show he knew 
weD. . 

The next idea was that A Chants 
Line should be a star vehicle. With 
John Travolta and Mikhail Barysh- 
nikov. But they wanted more money 
than PoiyGram would pay. - and 
FolyGram baficed at the ~ overall 

By now it was 1982. Bade on 
Broadway the stage show, company 
was content to see the various 
contenders trying and foiling. They 
felt the screen version, would 
damage tire show financially. 

FolyGram tried and -foiled to 
agree a new deal with Universal 
(who still wanted to distribute the 
film). By now PoiyGram had spent 
$8.5 million. Bat in the spring of 
1982 Messrs Feuer and- Martin, the 
producers who had been the original 
bidders in 1975, re-emerged and 
offered to make the film and raise, 
tire money, providing FolyGram 

would end the distribution agree- 
ment with Universal so that Feuer 
and Martin could make their own 
arrangement Done, said FolyGram. 

The next step was a screen- {day. 
It was written by Arnold Schuiman, 
who had done Goodbye Columbus. 
Embassy . Productions liked it 

milli on was still in foefkitty, to be 
repaid from the p rofits . Embassy 
insisted on a director with an 
international reputation. Enter 

Heand the two producers had the 
same agent Attenborough flew to 
New York and saw the show. At that 
time he was fresh from his triumph 
with the epic Gandhi , his famous 
obsession, which had won eight 
Academy Awards, including Oscars 
for best director and best picture. 
Some eyebrows were raised at the 
idea of an Englishman having ago at 
a Broadway show, an essentially 
American art form. But Atten- 
borough had demonstrated his 
daring, persistence and flair with 
Gandhi and with his successful Oh! 
What A Lovely War. 

“When I agreed to do A Chorus 
Line. X took another look at Oh! 
What A Lovely War. I had not seen 
it for 10 years. I could see that I had 
been selfconstious and slow. I was 
trying to demonstrate that it was 
possible to turn a piece of theatre 
into a film by using cinematic tricks. 
It persuaded me : that this would be- 
the wrong path to take with A 
Chorus Late. I had great respect for 
Bennett’s work. I honour him.” It 
was obvious that the film would 
have to remain within the . theatre, 
that trips Outride had to be sparingly 
used. Its. theatrical ambience was 

Jeffrey Hornaday, the young, 
scruffy and outstanding choreogra- 
pher who created foe dances in 
Flashdance, was signed mi and he 
and Attenborough roughed out-fomr 
ideas over lunch . at SardTs, a ' 
popular . New York theatre res- 
taurant In February 1984 . Atten- 
bbrough started casting. Whittling 
down 4,000 aspirants in auditions in 
New York and XoS .Angeles. He . 
became a real-life , Zach - the 
character in A . Chants tine who 
presides over the “cattle xaH” of 
hopeful young Broadway dancers. 

the gypsies whose hopes and 
humiliation are the stuff of the play. 

“The final selections were pro- 
foundly distressing- We were looking 
at real talent and having to say no. 
These gypsies are unique. They have 
to be able to sing, dance and act and 
stay in top condition for the 
auditions on which they pin their 
hopes. And, like athletes, they do 
not last Tong. One of the girls who 
made it into the final 17 in the film 
had not had a major job in 15 
months, and 'site has not worked 
much since. She works in a bar at 
night and goes to dance classes in 
the day, making herself available for 

E lectronic instruments and 
Moog synthesizers were 
introduced to update foe 
original score, and two new 
songs were added. At last, 
shooting of the S25 million film 
started at foe Mark Heflinger 
Theatre in New York in October 

Attenborough said: “I know I was 
a Limey on Broadway, but I never 
for a moment felt unwelcome. The 
theatre was like a club, with friends 
dropping in all the time to watch. 
The atmosphere was wonderful. The 
dancers were like my children and I 
still fed a great paternal {Hide in 

Attenborough admits he is woun- 
ded by the attacks of some of foe 
American critics. The New York 
Times, critic wrote: “They said A 
Chorus Line couldn’t be done - and 
they were right”. 

Attenborough said: Tm aston- 
ished at the degree of vidousness of 
one or two of them, and we were 
unlucky in the way some nasty early 
reviews were reported in Britain. 
WeVe Jbad a lot of terrific reviews, 
too, anddrve Barnes said it was the 
best dance film and movie musical 
fra years. He was amazed by some of 
foe ill-j ridged comments. 

.* “It las had a long jonrncy, but it 
is worth It. On the night it opened in 
New York, Joseph Papp introduced 
himself to me and said 'you’ve 
cap t nred the spirit of foe show. It 
will make Michael Bennett as happy 
as it made me*.” 

Trevor Fishlock 

A Chorus Line opens at the Odean, 
Leicester Square, on Friday. 



1 Support (4.2) 

5 Flowing garment 


8 Blow (5) 

9 Evident (7) 

13 Unexceptional (8) 

13 Soothing ointment 


15 Fair slide (6,7) 

17 Period (4) 

13 Large plum (8) 

21 Appendices (7) 

22 Wallow (5) 

23 Snatch (4) 

24 Large kingdom (6) 


2 Avert (5) 

3 Gear (3) 

4 Dally </3) 

5 Speak angrily (4) 

6 Floatable (7) 

7 Heights fear (10) 

30 Forward roll (10) 

ACROSS: I Scald 4 Modicum 8 Later 9 Similar 10 Garrison 1 1 Span 
13 Embrocation 17 Ain 18 Appraise 21 Bacilli 22 Indra 23 Treason 
24 Gecko 

DOWN: J Silage 2 Alter 3 Derriere 4 Misconception 5 Dime 
6 Calypso 7 Marine 12 Sterling 14 Miracle IS Gambit 16 Pcdalo 
19 Iodic 20 Alas 

32 Ghristmas(4) 

14 Curved (4) 

16 Clean dothes (7) 

39 Wanderer (5) 

20 Round handle (4) 
22 Knock (3) 



T^SEASSJMte . oenNBUr 

the ragmoRU 

^MeSh OTEL (steeps up to 3J 


Ring text for tea details 
and free colour brochure 


HOTEL CLUB (UK) UD 39 Brompton Road. London SW3 

£011234 ■ pkastnaBsnoi Service Charge. 

Cattle market with designs on 


A retired shoplifter has 

turned the derelict 

Royal Agricultural Hall 

into a design centre that 

will enhance the image 

of British business 

T his year British business 
will have no excuse for a 
dreary image- The re- 
vamped Royal Agricul- 
tural Hall in Islington, north 
London opens in March as the 
Business Design Centre - the 
first of its kind in Britain and a 
blueprint for other historic but 
riieglected sites. 

The Aggie, as it is known 
locally, had a colourful past 
before 1939 when the Post 
Office took it over as a sorting 
office. Built as a cattle market in 
1861 it has housed circuses, 
tournaments, a theatre, an 
embassy ball. Crufts and bull- 
fighting for which two men and 
seven Spanish matadors were 
prosecuted in March, 1870. 

A thriller called Wobble to 
Death by Peter Lovesey was 
based on one of the six-day : 
walking races held round and 
round the interior of the hall. In 
the race of 1878, W. Corky and 
“Blower” Brown survived the 
course - Corky had such a 
commanding lead that he 
retired to change his clothes for 
the last lap. Prize fighting was 
described as “humane” com- 
pared with these tests of 

It has been derelict since the 
early 1970s. Various proposals 
for its resurrection were 
dropped into the tide of council 
and local opinion and drifted 
away like Pooh sticks. Sug&s* 
tions included puffing it down 
to build a housing estate, 
turning It into a Dick e ns ia n 
version of Disney world, re- 
modelling it as a swimming 
bath or an indoor sports centre. 
Largely because of lack of 

money, and partly because of a 
small but vociferous group of 
local residents, all the ideas 
were shelved. Then nearly four 
years ago a local shopfiuer, Sam 
Morris, started looking for a 
“retirement project” and lighted 
on the Aggie as a challenging 
alternative to being grassed out 
on the bowling green. 

The moment he walked into 
the vast skeletal cavern that 
looked like a cross between 
Jonah's whale and a Victorian 
railway station, he saw it as a 
prestige trade centre which 
would vie with the most 
successful in America. 

No one else had his vision. 
He could not find a bank to 
lend the £7.4 million he needed 
to top up the urban develop- 
ment grant of £2.85 million. He 
found a speculative investor, 
borrowed on foe value of 
properties belonging to his own 
business of 30 years' standing 
and persuaded the American 
company Bay West to come in 
as a minority partner. 

Bay West are foe backers of 

Past glories: The Agricultural Hall in 1861 and Sam Morris, foe man whose vision helped restore it 

the largest trade centre in the 
United Stales. Showplace 
Square, in San Francisco - 1.5 
million square feet occupied by 
400 design-based tenants who 
turn over more than $350 
million a year. 

Sam Morris has used their 
experience, plus his visual and 
shop-fitting expertise, to gut and 
transform the 414-acre rile 
under the Victorian arched roof 
into a three-tier walkway of 
showrooms round a central 
exhibition area. 

I t will, he promises, bouse the 
best of business design - “a 
son of Brent Cross for 
businessmen”, he calls it 
If one^stop shopping' is foe 
intention, he is nearly half way 
there before the restored iron, 
balustrading (originally made 
by Heavysides of Derby) is in 
place. Already a fifth of foe 
showroom space is booked,, 
with a further fifth reserved. 

Future tenants include Thorn 
EMI, the Design Council, 
Perrings. Silent Gliss, several 

office furniture manufacturers, 
a computer company, business 
equipment suppliers . and 
specialists in lighting, carpets, 
glass and shelving; 

“If you ask why this country 
is so slow getting on the road, 
the answer lies with manage- 
ments”, says Morris. “Too 
many of them lack inspiration 
and foe missing link is the 

“British designers lead the 
world abroad but not here. 
What they need is a market 
place where everyone can see 
what, they have to offer. 
Designers, architects, buyers, 
business heads will be able to 
compare equipment, furnish- 
ings, furniture, communications 
systems - all under one roof, 

“It will also be a centre for 
conferences and exhibitions and 
we want colleges of art and 
design to exhibit here too - 
universities and students are 
bad at marketing themselves. 
Showing their designs here will 
bring them into focus and teadh 
them how to sell." 

His. enthusiasm is infectious.. 
After one visit, John Butcher, 
Minister for Trade and Indus- 
try,' -was already pushing foe 
idea one step further. “It struck 
me that this very imaginative 
approach could be useful in the 
provinces, too”, he says. 

H e sees it as “a magnifi- 
cent example of 19th- 
century precision engin- 
eenng being converted 
to foe needs of the 21st century. 

“I am already talking to one' 
or two enlightened people in the 
Mi d l and s who see such centres 
as a way of using design to get 
their companies into, growth 

If and when those en- 
lightened industrialists set 141 
their, own business design 
«ntres. perhaps they could 
develop a scheme .which in- 
cludes -facilities for focal resi- 
dents. The Islington project will 
provide two public restaurants' 

and parties will be taken round 
foe centre -on request, but for a 
building with such a history of 

public entertainment, it seer 
churlish to limit the eqjoyme 
of such a spectacular convt 
sion. • 

“I- do think the bitifdL 
should be open to foe public ■ 
per cent of the time”, says Ma 
Cosh, vice-chairman of- tl 
Islington ' Society. “At the lu 
of the century people came 1 
from the country, attended 
show at the Hall, dined *at tl 
Angel and finished foe evenh 
at Coffins Music Hall/* 

One link that will be kept 
the local name for the ha 
Above the weighty title Bu 
ness Design Centre will be t 
pet name Aggie, 

“We couldn't caff it the R03 
Agricultural Hall”, explai 
Sam Morris. “People, alws 
confhse- it with the, :Roj 
Horticultural HaD in Westmij 
ter.” . • v •• 

They shouid know byw 
. that- design Is- a; much -me 
serious business than a lot 
frills and flowers.' 

Beryl Downing 




Contradictory responses to 
Japanese good taste 


Museum of Modem 
Art, Oxford 



During the last few years we 
seem to have been devoting an 
amazing amount of time and 
attention to trying to 
sense of the Japanese. Our kind 
of sense, of course; their kind of 
sense clearly exists, an d clearly 
k they are reasonably content 
with it. But the Victoria and 
Albert's Japan Style show in 
1980, the Royal' Academy’s 
Great Japan Exhibition in 1982 
(with all its attendent events) 
and a long succession of minor 
manifestations along the same 
lines all seem to indicate a 
nagging need on our part to 

We may be long past the 
stage of forcing any and all 
orientals into an ‘‘inscrutable” 

. stereotype, but with the Japa- 
C nese at least the mystery seems 
to remain intact, and deeply 
worrying to us. Hence, no 
doubt the latest outbreak of 
contact-making, embodied in 
three shows at the Oxford 
Museum of Modem Art (until 
February 9) and two major 
shows, plus a scattering of side- 
events. at the Barbican Centre 
(until January 26). 

A lot of the trouble resides in 
the tricky concept of Japanese 
taste. Here again we have a 
stereotypical view of history, 
sharpened by the generalized 
all-purpose guilt of the western 
world over Hiroshima and 
Nagasaki. We accept - perhaps 
} • loo readily - that the taste of 
isolated Japan before western 
intrusion was immaculate in all 
things, and. when we find 
anything of dubious value 
subsequently, blame ourselves 
as insensitive colonialist powers 
for corrupting the natives. 

These considerations are in a 
large measure what the various 
current exhibitions are all 
about. The shows at the 
Barbican, under the general title 
of Told, concern themselves 
specifically whh the role of 
tradition in Japan today, while 
Oxford takes the opposite tack: 
under the general title Recon- 
structions we look at Avant- 

o; Dance 
The Nutcracker 
Paris Opera 

Among the handful of ballets 
surviving from the nineteenth 
century. The Nutcracker is 
unique. The others that have 
endured, out of thousands 
which enjoyed some success at 
the time, were singled out by a 
combination of reasonably 
attractive music (although not- 
often such that you would want 
to hear in a concert hall), an 
interesting plot, good chor- 
eography, and luck. 

The Nutcracker alone is still 
with us for one reason only, its 
music. The story is negligible: 
Petipa worked from a trivial, 
sentimental adaptation by 
Dumas pire of the bizarre 
Hoffmann original, and anyway 
was made by the theatre 
director Vsevelozhsky to throw 
away fads scenario for Act 11 so 
that the action effectively ends 
halfway through the balleL On 
top of that what we know of the 
original choreography suggests 
lhat it contained only two 
dances of note, the snowflakes 
ensemble and the big final duet 

If anyone except Tchai- 
kovsky had composed it The 
Nutcracker would long have 
been forgotten. Unfortunately, 
it is one of the most popular 
I ballet scores of all time that is 
linked to this broken-backed 
plot and linked so closely 
(thanks to Tchaikovsky's vivid 
expressiveness) that producers 
part far from it at their periL 

In one form or another The 
Nutcracker has been part of the 
British ballet repertory for more 
than SO years, almost as long as 
there has been any such thing as 
British toilet To Festival Ballet 
especially it has been a godsend, 
guaranteeing full houses every 
Christmas and New Year. They 
long had the most stylish 
production, too. designed by 
Benois and staged by Lichine. 

1 This year, rival productions 
are packing the Festival Hall 
and Covent Garden, while the 
Scottish Ballet and Northern 
Ballet Theatre are successfully 
touring their versions further 
north. If that sounds like a lot of 
Nutcrackers, it is nothing 
compared with the USA, where 
Dance Magazine lists more 
than 200 different productions 
across the country this season, 
sometimes (in Miami and St 
Louis as well as Manhattan) as 
many as three in one city. 

Surprisingly, continental 
Europe seems comparatively 
immune, and in Paris the Opera 
never saw more than the 
famous pas de deux until 1972, 
.when the Bolshoi Ballet brought 
its Grigorovich production. Ten 
Vcars later, the Ballet dc I'Opcra 
itself pin on what seems W have 
been a very odd version 
directed by Gcorgcs-Francois 
Hirsch with chorcograhy by 
Rosella- Hightower and the 
modernist Karofe Annitage. 

Garde Art in Japan 1945-2965, 
Dada in Japan 1920-1970 and 
the work - of four modern 
photographers reflecting in 
various ways on the postwar 
Japanese scene. Our responses 
in both cases are likely to be 
suspicious and contradictory. 
Or at least if we' have any sense 
they should be. 

For example, if we prefer the 
Barbican’s traditional Nihonga 

p a in t in g, is it perhaps partly 
because we feel unconsciously 
that the natives should know 
their place and stay on die 
reservation? Or if we respond 
more immediately to the avant- 
gardists, is it because they have 
chosen to adopt our language of 
western art instead of sticking to 
their own? When we remember 
the now unmentionable feme of 
the “clever little Japs’* for being 
able to imitate anything at half 
the cost, are we more superior 
towards their lack of originality, 
or terrified at the competition? 

In the event, if we prefer the 
avant-garde art of Oxford, it has 
much more to do with orig- 
inality than familiarity. It might 
not at first seem so, for are not 
’painters like Taro Okamoto, 
Hiroshi Nakamura and On 
Kawara working very much 
along the same lines as our 
western Neo-Expressionists and 
Transavanguardia? But then we 
take on board the dates of 
Characteristic worts. 

Okamoto's Law of the Jungle, 
with its ripped and fanged red 
shark-like creature cutting 
through a green ocean of 
humanoid and feline figures, 
was painted in 1950. Nakamu- 
ra’s Revolutionary Metropolis, 
with its upsurge of menacing 
urinals, is from 1959. Kawara’s 
Black. Soldier, with its irregular 
canvas and its astonishing 
forced perspective (up from 
under the feet), dates from 
1955. At that time really no one 
in the West was painting lilw 
that; now, it seems, virtually 
everyone is. 

True, the Japanese avant- 
garde of the Fifties included 
also its action painters, its 
lyrical abstractionists and its 
makers of neo-Dada objects 
(Dada in Japan had a long and 
honourable history, as the 
photographic exhibition in the 
basement makes dear), but 
these parts of the main show 
seem mostly faded and unappe- 
tizing in comparison - with the 
notable exception of Yakoi 
Kusuma’s Chair of 1965, 
sprouting white , phallic shapes 

in a profusion worthy of Louise 

But the main thrust of 
Japanese art at that time - no 
doubt given added impetus by 
violent reactions to the Bomb 
and Its aftermath - seems to 
have been quite independent of 
contemporary western ortho- 
doxy, finding its influences, if 
any, as for afield as the Mexican 
revolutionary moralists Of the 
Thirties, and to have drawn its 
force from the direct expression 
of powerful emotions -in' a 
directly figurative way. 

That, at least, for the 
growing-point ' in Japanese 
painting. But, as the Barbican’s 
Nihonga show makes dear, that 
was by no means all that -was 
(and is) going on. Tradition also 
is strong: tradition, -that is, 
virtually uninterpreted in the 
tight of modem experience. The 
other day the director of. tire 
Barbican Gallery was being 
interrogated on radio,, and 
accused of bringing the 
Japanese equivalent of Green- 
Park-raitings art to London- He 
argued quite persuasively that 
this was not so. that this kind of 
easy-to-take art, traditional- or 
commercial or both, did rep- 
resent something important and 
vital in today’s Japanese cul- 
ture; whether we liked it or not. 

In a way, though, we. might 
like it too much; we would 
certainly tike it more if we were 
not seeing it in a gallery but, 
say, decorating the walls of a 
moteL In such a context- we 
would probably appreciate its 
quietness, its tastefulness, its 
twhniflai accomplishment. 
Though even there we might 
baulk at some examples, of 
straight kitsch, like Tetsnji 
Ohshuna’s Madonna in the 
Rose Vine, and ask ourselves if 
there was not something too 
cute for comfort in an image 
like Yuki Ogura’s Listen Wdu, 
which shows a traditionally 
dressed and posed Japanese 
lady with a transistor radio 
(badly drawn, incidentally). 

Fortunately, anyone tiring of 
too many misty pastel-coloured 
landscapes and greetings-cand 
depictions of pr et ty ladies in 
kimonos at the Barbican can 
adjourn to the other exhibition, 
in the Concourse Gallery, where 
we are introduced to the 
traditional, but apparently still 
lively. Japanese art of Xantkuri 
Ningyo, a very , intricate sort -of 
mechanical puppet show. 

The puppets themselves are 
manipulated by about half, a 

Crisp and cool: Monique Loudieres with Manuel Legris 
in a dolls' dance at the party 

That soon vanished and now 
Nureyev, who took over shortly 
afterwards, has mounted his 
own production, a revised 
version of the one that served 
Covent Garden very well from 
1968 until 1977. 

The key to Nurevev’s in- 
terpretation is identifying Dros- 
selmeyer with the Nutcracker 
Prince. That makes more sense 
of the plot as Clara's thoughts 
about growing up. The similar 
transformations of other mem- 
bers of her family into dream 
characters seem more arbitrary, 
and their arrival en masse ar 
one point dressed as tots works 
intellectually rather than 


The greatest changes are in 
Nicholas Georgiadis’s designs, 
which bring the period forward 
to about 1900, making the 
scenes of real life more immedi- 
ately realistic (the men at the 
party are all in evening dress) as 
a contrast to Clara’s dreams and 
nightmares. The family home is 
still comfortably cosy, but more 
airily spacious than before. The 
snowflakes scene, with its cut- 
out pattern of tangled branches 
against a very pale sky, against 
which are silhouetted statues on 
a rising terrace, looks magically 
beautiful on the big stage. The 
one serious error is the hero's 
new costume when transformed 
by Clara’s imagination from 
kindly godfather to dream 
prince: conventional and unflat- 
tering, without the decorative 
motifs that previously related 
the two characters. 

In the orchestra pit. the 26- 
ycar-old Ulf Schirmer made his 
Paris debut -with a lively but 
JjricaJ account of the score. 

Educated in Hamburg, he spent 
two years as Maazel’s assistant 
in Vienna and since 1984 has 
conducted regularly at the 
Staatsopcr there. A name to 
watch for. 

Nureyev gave the first per- 
formance to his latest male star, 
Laurent Hilaire, who justified 
the choice with brilliant dancing 
and acting that carried convic- 
tion impressively well, even 
when pretending to be an old 
man. Manuel Legris. Hilaire’s 
closest competitor among the 
young men (you should see the 
pair of them in the solos of the 
Napoli pas de six, as I did lately 
at the Opera-Comique), gave 
him a run for his money as 
Fritz, and Monique Loudi feres 
made a crisply cool Clara. Two 
further performances were led 
by Nureyev, genially resorcefuL 
partnering the charming young 
Elisabeth Maurin, and by an 
unexpectedly humorous Charles 
Jude with the more conventio- 
nally romantic Florence Clcrc. 

The Paris company will give 
seven guest performances of 
this Nutcracker at the Grand 
Theatre, Geneva, from January 
13 to 19. Meanwhile for its own 
house a new version of the John 
Cage/M erce Cunningham Un 
Jour on deux is in preparation: 
prem iere January 31. to be 
given until February 8 with 
Nureyev’s Washington Square 
and then March 2 to 12 with a 
revival of Nureycv’s Manfred. 
Unfortunately, hopes of a 
London season for the company 
this year have fallen through: 
1987 now seems the earliest 
practical date. 

John Percival 



Wigmore Hall 

Tbacds some virtue in laying 

nnr-om pliratw d' - jnOSiC in -'4 
straightforward way, but none 
in mating Mozart's sonatas fire 
-piano and violin sound doll . 
That, though, -was frequently 
the effect of the Tokyo-born 
violinist Ynuko Shiokawa’s 
interpretations (if interpretation 
is not too melodramatic a word 
to apply to this all-ttw-polite 
playing} 'is the first of her- four 
alf-Mozart recitals at the Wig- 
more Hall 

Stnokawa is the lucky user of 
& remarkable violin: the Stradi- 
varius “ Emp er o r" once, owned 
by Jan Kubelik. Her intonation 
is excellent, and in the slower 
passages of the four sonatas 
played here (K302.303, 304 and 
378) she intermittently coaxed a 
honeyed tone worthy of her 
instrument. She had no diffi- 
culty, either, in meeting the (pot 
particularly searching) technical 
demands of the allegros. 

Blit as for imaginative dy- 
namic shading, artful phrasing, 
the wittily-vaned articulation of 
a theme on its second or third 

hearing:4cff all this one listened 
in vain. Along with the 
emotional flatness came a 
stylistic coyness: Shiokawa, far 
from ornamenting freely, often 
■ omitted even those decorations 
su gg ested in standard editions 
ofthe sonatas.' . 

Her partner Andris SchifF — 
by no means die most demon- 
strative of pianists — sounded 
positively flamboyant in this 
company, and when the piano 
took the lead (as it frequently 
does in these surprising and 
unorthodox works) the music 
suddenly acquired much more 

In the first movement of the 
E minor Sonata, K3 04, f or 
instance, the sense of urgency 
needed to complement the 
development's dark and dra- 
matic modulations came from 
the Hungarian only, and it was 
his cultured and unfailingly 
crisp fingerwork which caught 
the ear in the elegant C major 
allegros of K303. Schiff even 
gave his companion a lesson m 
embellishment, interpolating a 
restrained but telling cadenza of 
epigrammatic eloquence into 
K378'S Andantino. 

Richard Morrison 

Courtney Pine Tyner. Cotaane's p ianist, the 

1 characteristic runs interestingly 

ICA Theatre sprinkled with salt and splashed 

— ■ — - • with vinegar. The rhythmic 

£Sfc£p££SWS Mjr-Ug **** f ° r 

healthiest complexion the ngorous thought. 

London scene has worn since Gary Crosby, the double 
the end of the Sixties, -banishing bassist, got the best out oi me 
the dismal sallowness of older ascending three-note figure on 
attitudes by liberal applications which the Latin-tinged As we 
of youthful energy and opti- Would Say” 
mism. The crisp appearance the drams, c 
and pleasantly purposeful an* of used his confident technique to 
a young mam Him Courtney negotiate the angular contours 
Pine, a tenor saxophonist whose of “San” but at other 
quartet appeared at the ICA last allowed the beat to drag slightly 
week, confirm the impression - perhaps the result of trying 
th at he and his contemporaries - too hard to relax, 
will not go quietly into the Pine’s choice of Thelonius 
commercial twilight that en- Monk's joyous “Nutty”. and 
gulfed so many of their talented Wayne Shorter’s plaintive 
but less assertive predecessors. “Iris” displayed both his his- 
Pine, aged 21. is a West torical perspective and his nice 
Londoner of West Indian judgement of a challenge. He 
lineage. Heard to- advantage in has probably learnt from Wyn- 
the recent extravanganza span- ton Marsalis the value of good 
sored by Charlie Watts, his presentation, 
playing is una s ha medly/ infiu- Loose Tubes topped the bill, 
enced by the dark, crying tone which was selected by Julie 
of John Coltrane. If some of his Roberts, Working Week's gifted 
expressive devices — such as singer, as part of the ICA’s 
split notes, elaborate embellish- “When You Wish Upon a Star" 
ments and circular breathing - week. A trumpet duet between 
come too readily to hand, then .Chris Batchelor and Steve Gold 
that is the pardonable feult of over the chords of “La Bamba" 
sheer exuberance. _ - provided the hi g hli g ht of a 

His pjanist, Jul ian Joseph, is typically eventful performance 
a student at the fam ous Berklee by this e x tra ordi nary 21-piece 
College in the United Slates and orcheshu. 
made a strong impression. with _ , nrni . 

a style reminiscent of McCoy RlCIUUrd WlilKMlS 


f Quietness, tastefulness* technical accomplishment --or straight 
kitsch?: Tetsnp Ohshima’s Madonna in the Rose Vine 

dozen string-pullers concealed 
inside the cart on which their 
stage is built, and the design of 
the antique examples on view, 
as well as of the cart hangings 
and other trappings, is extra- 
ordinary, its vitality showing up 
the 'wishywashy -imitations of 
Nihonga. The per fo rmances, 
being intermittently demon- 
strated on the spot, are much 
less - accessible to Westerners,, 
who are likely -to be fascinated 
chiefly by their mechanics. But 




After advertising in newspapers 
for racists and victims of racial 
discrimination to. contact him, 
Edward Goldwyn, a producer en 
tike BBC2 science series Hor- 
izon, selected four people from 
each category to spend five days 
living together in a country 
house. Daring this tune they 
were to be filmed as they talked, 
and were guided through various 
encounter exercises and role- 
playing games. 

The purpose of this expoi- 
ment was not made dear. When, 
at the end of the five-day 
stretch, one woman decided to 
abandon her racist stance, the 
narrator aimonnfeed tins in 
jabflaat tones, so perhaps the 
underlying theory was that 
human bangs would be able to 
recognize each other as mem- 
ben of the sanw race if isolated, 
brought into dose proximity and 
gently prodded by a skilled 

The other three self-con- 
fessed bigots, however, did not 
abandon tbeir attitudes, and the 
victims - one Asian, two West 

fnrfian amt one half-COSte — 

apparently went - back to then- 
daily lives confirmed in tbeir 
angry defence against day-to- 
day discrimation. 

Their discussions were guided 
by a moderator who seemed. to 
be working towards uncovering 
the emotional .basis of racism 
and the response to it. Eariy on 
one man talked of racial 
integration only in terms of the 
conquest of the British Isles, 
and the black participants were 
frequently prompted to express 
their anger at . the statements 
made by the Whites. 

hi tVw light, racism quickly 
came to look like u irratiooal 
expression of territorial Impera- 
tive, an animal hostility to what 
was evidently perceived as 
crowding, which evoked an 
equally violent response. 

To avoid classification in the 
genre of television which is 
pruriently invasive first ami 
informative second, this pro- 
gramme should have been more 
skDfaUy made. As it was, the 
group was dominated by a 
highly articulate man with the 
vestige of - a Smith African 
accent who looked on all black 
people as inferior and all racial 
intermarriage- as some kind of 
extinction of the people in- 
volved, and who described 
apartheid as “racial privacy”. 
None of the other Whims 
shared his communicative skill, 
and while two of the other group 
were able to Interact at the same 
level they showed no strong 
motivation to argue with a 
position that was both en- 
trenched and jUugfeaL 

at least one can get from them a 
pervasive atmosphere of doom 
and foreboding which seems to 
be very typically Japanese. 

This tradition, less palpable 
than the unquestioning stylistic 
dependence of Nihonga ' is 
certainly present also in most of 
Oxford’s avant-garde art, and 
survives tip to dale in the most 
memorable photographs of the 
Black Sun show. Two series, in 
particular. Eikoh Hosoe’s The 
Demon Mythz Kamaitachi {a 

sort of film made entirely in 
stiHs) and Masahisa Fukase's 
Crow: A - Symbol (more Hit- 
chcock than ' Ted Hughes), 
create a nightmarish atmos- 
phere quite at odds with the 
bright professionalism of 
Japan’s famed design efficiency. 
There is. something comforting, 
somehow, about the idea that 

even an -economic mirage still 
has its dark side. - - 

John Russell Taylor 

Dotty, wanton, broken-doll Beth: Amanda Hummer (right) with Ann Wedgeworth as her chillingly amusing 
mother -and Aiden Quinn as her brother-in-lawin A Lie of the Mind 

New York theatre 

Sam Shepard’s ramble in mid-career 

Celia Brayfield 

Two households, both alike in 
degeneracy, -inhabit A Lie of the 
Mind, Sam Shepard’s eagerly- 
awaited ne w pl ay, staged by the 
author at OfiFBraadway’s Prom- 
enade Theatre. The nearly four- 
hour epic brings up, but not 
together, the characters and 
themes which have dominated 
Mr Shepard's work. 

In spite of many fascinations 
in- the play and production, 
their elements diffuse in the 
third act Rather than an 
apotheosis or a new direction, A 
Lie of the Mind adds up to a 
mid-career ramble through 
landscapes already charted by 
Shepard as well . as by 
his American predecessors: 
O’Nefll’s family ghosts (and 
over-writing), Wflllams’s bat- 
tered women and callous men, 
Saroyan’s yearning for inno- 
cence and love. 

Stage right is the California 
family of Jake (Haryey Keitel), 
who has run home believing he 
has killed his wife Beth 
(Amanda Plummer). Jake's 
mother (Geraldine Page) re- 
sembles a countrified Medea, 
hoarding vengeance fantasies 
towards the dead husband who 
deserted her and resenting 
Jake’s brother and sister, who is 
as overly possessive of Jake as 
his mother (shades of incest). 

Stage left is the Montana clan 
of Beth, .whose beating left her 
alive but brain-damaged and 
jealously guarded by her brother 
(shades of incest) and mother, 
and resented by her father. As 
written by Mr Shepard and 
played by Ann Wedgeworth and 
James Gammon (who sounds 
like John Wayne), Beth’s 
parents are chillingly amusing - 
Grant Wood figures as if 
caricatured by a canny news- 
paper cartoonist. Along with 

Amanda -P himm er** alternately 
dotty, wanton, broken-doll 
Beth, these characters and 
performances alone make the 
four hours worthwhile. An 
added grace is apt country and 
wester n music played live 
between and sometimes during 
scenes by the Red Clay Ram- 

At the end when, Stanley 
Kowalski-like, Beth’s husband 
howls his unending love for her 
while she embraces his toother, 
and, her parents achieve a 
dubious peace by folding an 
American flag, we • have a 
tableau mixing individual deso- 
lation, romantic longing, fam- 
ilial betrayal, cultural corrup- 
tion. After all the laughs at the 
outlandish elements and the 
thought-provoking (and some- 
times just provoking) symbols 
and themes, however, we have 
many ideas about what is on Mr 
Shepard's mind but no clear 
idea of his conclusions, or even 
of the direction he is taking op 
wants us to take. Thus it is 
difficult to take A Lie of the 
Mind too seriously, though 
doubtless it win provide ample 
inspiration for those who dote 
on interpretive gymnastics. 

Thus far this season, Off- 
Broad way offerings have sel- 
dom been distinguished. While 
Aunt . Dan and Lemon is 
enjoying a sold-out ran at the 
Public Theatre, a musical 
version of Kipling’s Just So is 
just awful: Twee meets Camp to 
mutual destruction at undue 
length. Not nearly as bad but on 
the same overripe axis was 
Harry Ko&doleon's Anteroom, 
an andi variation of You Can't 
Take it with You. the first 
production in Playwrights Hor- 
izons season. Its greatest virtue 
was a sterile but splendid 

kitchen setting by Adrianne 
Lobel, just as Tom Schwinn's 
eleg an t terrace of a 1920s 
millionaire's home was -the 
highlight of Vivian Matalon’s 
production of Oliver. Oliver for 
the Manhattan Theatre Club. 

A pleasant but tepid Philip 
Barry-type comedy which 
Frances Stemhagen and Nancy 
Marefaand could not keep 
airborne, Oliver, Oliver was the 
second revival of a Paul Osborn 
(.Mornings at Seven ) play 
chosen to open an Off-Broad- 
way company’s season. Circle 
Repertory Company had even 
worse luck with Tomorrow’s 
Monday, a homespun Osborn 
play which proved notable only 
for the intense, glamorous 
performance of Diane Vcnora 
as a misfit wife. The Circle's 
second opener, Lanford Wil- 
son’s revision of the third in his 
Tally family saga - ", Talley and 
Son - was literate but unexcit- 
ing. The good news is that in the 
spring the company will revive 
Mr Wilson's best but little- 

known drama. The Mound 

Two musical revues perk up 
Off-Broad way considerably. 
Personals (Minetta Lane 
Theatre) features six very 
appealing, very able singer-ac- 
tors in songs and vignettes 
about single people searching 
for dates and mates in ways 
kinky to amusing to wistful 
r All I need is a good man and a 
good piano. I have a good 
piano.”}. Gerard Alessandrini's 
Forbidden Broadway 1986 (Poi- 
sson's) retains pereniaUy 
favourite parodies of Stephen 
Sondheim, Carol Channing and 
others, while addin g deliciously 
naughty swipes at Singin' in the 
Rain (“You Are My Yucky 
Star”), Tango Argentino, Berna- 
dette Peters, Joseph Papp, Big 
Rtyer and many merry targets. 
This show warmly deserves its 
1985 Drama Desk Award for its 
“consistently high standard of 

Holly Hill 


SOUTH BANK, LONDON Information 01-261 0127 


including: GAUDJ, PICASSO, MIRO, DALI ^ 
Sponsored by SEAT . 

Until 23 February 1986 

Second in an occasional series on fashion-makers 

J ean Muir celebrated the 
New Year by sitting up in 
bed, sipping a glass of 
champagne, and “thinking 
about designs for the next 

She has two good reasons to 
fete the start of 1986: it marks 
the twentieth anniversary of the 
year when, in the midst of the 
wild, unbridled 1960s fashion 
revolution, Jean Muir Ltd was 
set up to create prim and 
properly-made dresses; On 
December 20, after more than a 
year's negotiation. Miss Jean 
Muir, CUE, a nd her husband 
Harry Leuckert signed a deal 
which officially acknowledges 
her role as Britain’s leading 
designer. The Coats Baton 
Group, . umbrella company to 
Jaeger, where Jean Muir started 
her design career in 1956, have 
taken . a majority financial 
interest in Jean Muir Ltd. 

This deal gives Jean Muir the 
springboard for expansion that 
is the norm, for continental 
designers. The investment will- 
be primarily in the Studio 
collections - .the fashion ranges 
set up five years ago to offer the 
Jean Muir designs to a wider 
public on a price tier below the 
main collection. Ian McGourty, 
Comptroller of Coats Paton, says 
that the tie-up will initially 
strengthen distribution, espec- 
ially in the United States. It will 
also enable Miss Muir to enlarge 
her design studio, where she 
already employs and trains, with 
messianic fervour, art college 

“We feel that Jean's strength 
is bringing on young designers", 
says Ian McGourty. “Perhaps 
she likes working with young 
designers more than gening into 
a room by herself." 

Jean Muir's work with 
fledgling designers and . her 
overwhelming concern with the 
craft and technique of dress- 
making were recognized by her 
CBE for services to industry in 

clos e up 
















Designer (or Jaeger 
Founded Jane and Jane 
Ambassador Award lor 
Jean Muir Ltd set up 
Maison Blanche Rex 
International Award. New 

Churchman's Award 

Designer of Year 

Royal Designer for Industry 

Elected feflow Royal 
Society of Arts 
Nieman Marcus award, 
distinguished service to 

Feflow of Society of 
Industrial Artists and 
Designers. FSfAD 
Honorary Doctor, Royal 
College of Art 

Commander of the Order or 
the British Empire, CBE 
Honorary Degree, Doctor of 
Literature, University of 

Hommage de <a Mode by 
FMerationFrangaisedu - 
Pret-a-porter Feitfnrn 

the 1984 New Year Honours. 
She is an uncompromising and 
sometimes uncomfortable col- 
league on the' Design Council or 
as an Honorary Doctor of the 
Royal College of Art. , .... 

She was particularly proud of 
being made a Royal Designer 
for Industry by the Royal 
Society of Arts m 1972 at the 
age of 40. Five years later she 
presented a forceful paper 
insisting on the need for setting 
a standard of design teaching. 

There is something of the 
fashion headmistress about 
Jean Muir - her disconcertingly 
slight frame, always encased in 
plain navy blue from head to 
toe. She is proud of her Scottish 
roots and fosters the Jean 
Brodie image when she lectures 

designers (and fashion editors) 
on the need to restore a sense of 
pride in the technique of 
making clothes. The only thing 
missing was the Scottish accent 
when she addressed the massed 
ranks of the Women's Institute 
with the words: “I cannot in 
your company ignore the things 
most passionate to me - art and 
craft and design and the 
upholding of' standards and 
quality, ' maintaining them and 
setting new ones". ' " 

A desire “constantly to trim 
things down and to concern 
one's self with a basis uncompli- 
cated by supposition of frills" is 
the Muir philosophy of life, of 
design and of living. Her Bruton 
Street showroom is the plainest 
white, decorated only with 
delicate pencil or painted 
portraits of herself (Her mobile 
white face and red lipsticked 
mouth magnetize modern pain- 

S he and her husband live in 
a fussy Victorian mansion 
block behind the Albert 
Hall, but their flat is 
painted white through walls and 
floor. The furnishings are 
minimal. Miss Muir is a purist. 
Or, as Sir Roy Strong (she is 
also a trustee of the Victoria & 
Albert Museum) expresses it: 
'‘All fashion is either classic or 
romantic and Jean Muir is the 
former, rarer bird". 

' There are no frills on Jean 
Muir or her collections - 
although I do remember a 
down’s ruff in silky jersey 
falling like a cape from neck to 
shoulders. Everybody recog- 
nizes the jerseys, even if they 
are now the least part Of a 
collection that is important for 
its suede, its primed fabrics 
(inspired by young textile 
students) and increasingly for 
its cashmeres. 

But the Jean Muir dress is 
still the most lyrical expression 
of her art of dressmaking. (“The 

most outstanding dressmaker in 
the world” is the description of 
Jean Muir by Geraldine Stutz, 
president of Henri Bendel in 
New York.) 

Because Jean Muir clothes 
are miracles of cutting (18 
pattern pieces to one little 
peplum jacket, for example) 
they seem deceptively simple. 
Changes are so subtle that her 
collections are a disappoint- 
ment to headline writers. In 
fact. the evolution from the taut 
shoulder-line, full sleeves, high 
waist and skimpy bias-cut skirts 
of 1966 to the generous 
armholes, wrap jackets and slim 
crepe trousers of today, has 
been profound. 

These fashion changes, and 
the skills of. cut and drape, are 

sometimes better understood by 
international critics than at 
home. The French, in particu- 
lar, admire her for her couture 
sense of cut and consider her 
Britain's only great fashion 
designer. She was awarded the 
Hommage de- la. Mode by the 
Federation Franqaise du Pret-a- 
pOTter • Feminm last autumn. 
Her “clients” (for they think of 
-her as a couturifire and them- 
selves as friends rather than 
“customers”) indude Lady 
Antonia Fraser, Joanna Lum- 
ley, Jill Bennett and Bridget 
Riley - all women in the public 
eye but known also for their 

Jean Muir is also recognized 
overseas for her use. .of trtie 
British fabrics: tweed; cash- 

7 am a traditionalist 
with a sense of 
'evolution- someone 
■who loves evolving 
continuity - 
I prefer evolution to 
" : revolution ’ 

mere, wool flanne l, fine cotton. 

1 think especially of the Muir 
attention to detail: a navy 
leather pinafore dress I bought 
which hart an enamel buckle 

painted with a pastoral cow, 
and the buttons with a pride of 

M iss Muir says: “I have 
always worked with 
young jewellers and 
button makers. 
Under the new arrangements, I 
hope I can work more on 
accessories and even move into 
other areas like ceramics. It all 
comes from a design point of 
view.” • - tv 

Coats Paton hope that' Jem; 
Muir will widen ' and develop 
her Images and also contribute 
her design direction to their 

Left Jean Mmr, dressed in 
navy blue from head to footxnd 
■ firing with pore whitewalls 

Above The early Jean Mmr 
sflhoaette of fall sleeves, narrow 
shoulders and short calotte skirl 

Right Sfim-foe intarsia 
cashmere tabard, sweats and 
skirt from the current collection 

own empire, which indudes 
Country Casuals as well as 
Jaeger, and the hand-knitting 
yarns, and craft threads that, 
make up 20 par cent of the 
company’s figures. 

Jean Muir has trodden the 
pin-scattered road to -success 
slowly and carefully. She herself 
had no formal design training. 
She learnt on the job for six 
years at Jaeger between 1956 
and 1962 before leaving to woric 
under the Jane and Jane label 
There has been what McGourty 
«iibt “a continuing emotional 
relationship" with Jaeger over 
the past 20 years and, in a 
characteristically Unshowy way, 
Jjpan Muir has been' giving some 

to the Jaeger 

Jean Muir has, at the 
53, achieved the 
between fine draign atd eottt- j 
mannfifofrinng in which. ’’ 
she so passionately beHe^es. I j 
asked her w he t h er she thought j 

young fashion 
hooked on stardom, realized 
how tang it takes to bufrd a j 
fashion empire. •' v - .. ... J 
“I don’t look at it as haying \ 
fakes me 20 years", she says. . * 
“We could probably have done j 

it 10 years ago* but we Eked the \ 
business as it Was. Then, when } 
we wen; talking with Coats ’ 
Baton, it seemed instinctively j 
It is tune to putiCon.: -1 
the toufeyou 
your trade the- better itw 
ycm. Ibcfa etabatieagth. , 
experience," •• jfflfi- j 

Harmds - : V". 

Ori ginal Sale-". 

Price Price ^ 

£ ' 

Russian Sable Jacket \ 

(aneonl y) ; 30,000 9.950 ; 

Blue Fax Jackets 1,795 895 -= 4. - .or.-- 

Dark Betmtle Mink Coats : 5,500 ^2*750 

Dark Ffem^ Mink Jackets .. 3,600 . 1,800 

Shadow Sflver Bax Cape 

(one only) \ ■>. >3,200 4^95 : r ! 

Coney Uned Raincoats 1,995 995 - 7 

; Mongolian Fox Jacket ' / ' r 'r" 

{one only) 5,995 2^95 f ^ 

SapphireMihk Coats 10,900 '■ ■ 4*995 :'■■■' '---.f 

__ .• itr f. ' 1 ‘ 

Azurerie Mink Stroller i 

(one only) ; 11,200 4^5 : v “* 

Fitch -and Mink Coats 5,995 2,995 

Chinchilla Coat '-.'s-V. V.\ /STv-’ •*' 

(one only),. , < 34,500 16,995 

Dark Mink Boleros ; 4&95 1^95 tfi; 

' ' ■ 'Silver Fox jackets' ' \ 3,995 ’ ’ l&fc Q ’■& rf 

Raccoon Apt6s-SM Jackets' 3,600 --1^800'r - V" 

. Shadow Fox and Raccoon Coats . 3,995 . , ’ 1395 'l »*. 

Mongolian Lamb Jackets i 995 ' 495 ' ^ 

Shadow and Red Fox Coats 3,995 

Pastel Mink Coats with Fox trim - 4,995 . - - i 

Designer Raccoon Jackets 1,995- 995; ^ :: ^ 

Fur Salon First Floor Personal Shoppers Only. 


Ask for written dets3& 













R£€l? ! ??WZ:lS$ *- !?■ 

is it better to wear winter 
woollies next to your skin - or 
over your clothes? 

This winter’s temperatures 
rise and fall like a yo-yo. which 
is what our grandmothers 
would have called “treacher- 
ous" weather. They viewed it 
from behind a barricade of 
flannel petticoats. combi- 
nations, Direcioire knickers and 
other undies designed to pull 
the wool over their thighs. 

Although the new generation 
of lightweight winter underwear 
looks so completely^ different, it 
serves the same function: to 
cover the torso from chest to 
knees. Central heating and 
modem fashion have combined 
to make us dress in light-as-a- 
brecze winter wardrobes un- 
suited to January’s icy blast. 
Those whose homes are chilly, 
or w r ho need protection en route 
to work, demand a great deal 
from their smalls. 

Spencers, vests and long 
iohns need to be efficient at the 

A touch of lacy 
glamour has entered 
the once strictly 
functional world of 
thermal underwear 

job of warming up, but also to 
adjust comfortably to the 
changing temperatures. There is 
no doubt that the genuine 
thermal Gbres are the most 
efficacious. Tiny pockets of 
warm air arc trapped in the 
fabric as a layer of insulation, 
and the same fibre breathes out 
the other way. Or, as Daman 
express it more technically of 
their own Thermolactyl fibre, it 
draws perspiration away from 
the skin, allowing it to evapor- 
ate, so that the body itself stays 
dry as well as warm. 

These “breathing " properties 
apply to other natural fibres. 



This cheerful tapestry has been designed exclusively for 
us by the painter Jill Gordon. The powder blue daisies 
and pink flowers are on a cream background, and are 
surrounded by a border of leaves. Jill Gordon lives in the 
Cotswolds and is well-known for her still-life and 
landscape watercolours. We were delighted when she 
agreed to design a tapestry kit for us and the result is one 
of the most attractive cushions we have yet produced. 



The design measures 14" *14", and is worked m simple half-cross 
stitch. It is printed in the full nine colours-. Cream, powder blue, azure, 
•law sage and apale turquoise, faded rose, sand and pink, thecanvss 
fe IS holes to the inch and the lot comes complete with all the rquired 
vams from the Appleton pure wool tapestry range, needle and 
instructions. All for Si 7.50 including postage and packing. Use 
FREEPOST - No stamp needed. 

Ehnnan. 21/22 Viangs Gate, London. W8 4AA. hrtnen H.iR- Ehrnan. 
Phase allow 28 days for deffttsty. Money twelcifiat returned unused wittun 14 days 


I Please send roe tapestry lritsatS17.50each. 

| I enclose a cheque'PO. made out to £hrman forS flbtal) j 

f Address. 





v 1 -* V-*.' 


", *> •- 




r* . * 


1 rr.^A. 





7. 1 ^ 



'V'VW 1 ;.. ,, 


which is why those who would 
not be seen dead in a vest 'are 
found alive and well in winter 
with their summer T-shirts 
tucked under a sweater. 

Both thermal underwear (and 
you must look for a serious 
label and discount all imitat- 
ions) and cotton undies have 
undergone a design transform- 
ation. Insets or edgings of lace, 
and delicate patterns built into 
the structure of the fabric, are 
all a far cry from the yellowing 
and felted combinations that 
once came between glamour 
and frost-bite. 

This is true at least for the top 
halves. The “bottoms" are still 
alarming garments, so accu- 
rately called “passion cheaters” 
half a century ago. 

But other styles from linge- 
rie's earlier years are making a 
fashionable come-back. Norma 
Kamali. the American designer 
whose passion for the 1 940s has 
been expressed in her clothes, 
has now recreated underwear 
redolent of the forces’ pin-up. 
Her all-in-one body-suit, with a 
long-legged “vest" of fabric 
stretching over its panties, is the 
shape of swimsuits to come next 

If we wore nothing but layers 
of wool, we could probably 
survive the English winter 
without another stitch of cloth- 
ing. But layers of the cheaper 
acrylic sweaters do not give the 
■am t! warming effect 

The warmest, softest and 
lightest of wools is undoubtedly 
cashmere, one of the best buys 
currently available in the sales. 
To prove that keeping warm 
need not mean muffling up. we 
photographed our model with 
just one high-fashion layer 
above and below f reein g point 


Above: UNDERWEAR - delicate 
oyster cotton and silk lace-trimmed 
vest, also in white and pink and 
lemon, £35 by La Perla from 
Courtenay, 22-2* Brook Street. Wt 
and 1 88 Sioane Street. SW1 . White 
stretch v lace knitted thermal 
leogings, '£6.45 from D3mart, 2S3 
Regent Street, W1 , and by mail 
order (send for catalogue to order) 
from Damart, Bowling Green Mills. 

Bindley. West Yorkshire. 
OVERWcAR - man's long sloppy 
red cashmere "Higgins' 1 cardigan, 
knitted in a grid pattern, £195 by 
Jean Muir in the sale at Browns, 27 
South Molton Street, London Wl 
and 6c Sioane Street SW1. 

Above Centre: UNDERWEAR - 
fine stretchy J 2 ce-pstterned white 
thermal vest with long sleeves, 
matching white leggings, also in 
black, scarlet lemon and 
burgundy, both £8.45 from Damart, 
263 Regent Street W1 , or by mail 
order from Damart. Bowling Green 
Mills. Bingley, West Yorkshire. 
OVERWEAR - scarlet wrap-over 
cashmere smoking jacket, edged in 
white with a long cashmere belt 
£420 by Valerie Louihan from 
Lords, 70 Burlington Arcade, Wl. 

© Peruvian Style: Wrap up in 
layers of bright coloured knit- 
wear worn with an oversized 
peasant skirt over ski-pants and 
heavy biking boots, t-tnerald 
green and purple sweaters with 
triangles and flowers for £27 
under green or navy quilted 
coats from £50. Tie a thick wool 
scarf, £8. underneath a felt 
triiby. £9, trimmed with feath- 
ers. Ali by French Connection at 
Connections. James Street, 
WC2, and at department store 
concessions throughout the 
country \ Warm op your hands 
with fingerless gioves worn over 
thick wool mittens, all in earthy 
terracotta shades of alpaca or 
bright electric colours of veg- 
etable dye from Inca, 45 
Elizabeth Street. SV«T. 

© Working for Warmth: 
Dressed for a Slavic stjle winter 
are Workers for Freedom at 4 
Lower John Street, WI, selling 

tasseiied waistcoats and cardi- 
gans in woven and knitted wool. 
£80. to wear under stencilled 
jackets showing horses and 
llamas, with matching black 
wool trousers or peasant skirts. 
£80. Slavic accessories are thick 
blankct-stitched workman's 
glotes. fringed woollen shawls 
tied under deep-crowned felt 
bats, all £25. 

© All Togged Up: For hardy 
winter service the duffel coat 
has made a come-back this vear 
in a variety of shapes and sizes 
from donkey jacket to ftilf- 
Iength. Mulberry’s scarlet 
hooded coat has bone toggles 
and leather thongs and comes to 
the ankle or the knee from 
£169.50 at 11-12 Gees Court, 
Wl. The sale at Next branches 
has duffel coats for £39.99 in 
time, black- pimento or tur- 
quoise. , rr- T 

Reoecca lyrrei 

Above: UNDERWEAR - Nonna 
KamaJi's 1 940s swimsuit-style 
salmon pink body-suit in thick 
cotton and lycra, £60 from Browns, 
23-27 South Morton Street Wl 

Above Left: UNDERWEAR - lace- 
trimmed pale pink vest. 100 per 
cent knitted polyester, £3.25, also 
in white or lemon. Matching French 
knickers with lace edging, £2.75. 
both from major branches of Marks 
and Spencer. Pink glossy tights. 
£1 25 by Aristoc from department 
stores. OVERWEAR - cream 
cabled cashmere cardigan with 
brass buttons, £124.75 from Berk, 
46-50 Burlington Arcade. Wl 

Hair and make-up: Clifford Brake 
for Michaeljohn. 

Photographs by DAVID ANTHONY 




tW New Bond Strws. London Wt 

Men and Ladies 
t ~4 Slotne Stifrt. London S WI 
Tri. 01-235 5855 


173 New Bond Street, London W.l. Telephone: 01-493 6277 



Reid’s rude 

The early hours of yesterday 
morning were not happy ones for 
British Rail chairman Bob Reid, 
who had spent Hogmanay in 
Scotland. Late on Sunday night he 
boarded the first class sleeper at 
Crianlarich and prepared for a 
peaceful night on the West Highland 
Line. Barely had his head touched 
the pillow than a jittery fire alarm 
roused him, and did so 'mice again. 
At 5.30am an almighty bang, later 
identified as a damaged brake pipe, 
halted the train and forced the 
sleeper carriage to be taken off at 
Tamworth in Staffordshire. Reid, 
changing from his pvjarnas. made 
his way anonymously to the second 
class seats where. 1 am told, he 
buried his head in a book as two 
Glaswegians volubly discussed 
whether BR was “getting there" and 
where it could go. He got to Euston 
90 minutes late. Yesterday Reid told 
me “It’s not a bad thing for the 
chairman of a company to share 
some of his customers' experiences." 

Waugh & Pearce 

Aube ran Waugh, the unlikely new 
editor-designate of the monthly 
Literary Review, faces at least one 
problem when he takes oven what to 
do about one of the magazine's 
regular reviewers. Edward Pearce. 
Pearce, a political sketch writer on 
the Daily Telegraph, last month in 
the Rei'iew nominated Waugh's 
diaries as the most overrated book 
of 19S5. “Waugh Jr has always 
seemed a talent-free zone," he 
began, going on to describe his 
writing as “cottage facism”. “This 
Waugh persona is a bad one with a 
nasty smell. If it was touched with 
real wit it might be forgiven, but 
there is here only an overworked 

• Kent Opera, invited to stage 
Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro at 
this summer's Vienna Festival, 
applied to the British Council for a 
grant to help cover the £22,000 cost. 
It was refused - because Mozart 
wasn't British. 


My heart continues to bleed for 
Mirror staff in Robert Maxwell's 
aim to bring their canteen "up to the 
standards of motorway restaurants 
he has drafted in Trust House Forte 
caterers, who apparently charge as 
much for tea as previously but give 
only half a cup. Asked if thus is so. a 
THF spokesman said, “No FT. No 
comment. Know what I mean?" As 
Maxwell announced the change, a 
cardboard box rustled mysteriously 
beside him. Curious reporters found 
it contained live lobsters to be 
cooked later for his supper. 

City slickers 

Evidence submitted to the Labour 
inquiry into its Liverpool party 
suggests that Militants, far from being 
extreme socialists, are bom capitalist 
entrepreneurs. At constituency 
meetings throughout the country 
they have been selling souvenir 
copies of the 31,000 redundancy 
notices issued by Liverpool Council 
at 20p a time. All proceeds to the 
Militant lighting Fund. 





“1 don't know as I'd really 
fancy being a teacher" 

Favourites all 

The Society of Authors is under- 
going its annual anxiety over the 
Betty Trask award for first novels of 
romantic bent by under-35s. With 
entries due in by the end of the 
month, only a dozen have so far 
been received - giving each a 50-50 
chance of winning either the £12,500 
first prize or one of the five £1,000 
consolation prizes. The society, 
meanwhile, has acquired another 
potentially troublesome legacy to 
administer. Kathleen Blundell, an 
accountant, has left more than 
£100,000 for works contributing “to 
greater understanding of existing 
social and economic organization". 

Facing facts 

On the gilt-edged invitations for the 
30th anniversary celebrations of the 
independence of the Democratic 
Republic of Sudan, the word 
"Democratic" has been clumsily 
scored out. Yesterday an embassy 
spokesman explained: the name was 
changed a few weeks ago. Ah, so. 

Stock tactics 

The far-right Federation of 
Conservative Students is predictably 
contemptuous of Michael Hesel- 
tine’s interventionist, anti-American 
stand over Westland. Extreme as 
ever, it is backing its words with 
action. It is investing £40 in 
Westland shares so that one of its 
officers can vote for the Sikorski tie- 
up at next Tuesday’s crucial 
shareholders’ meeting and “put 
Keseltinc in his place”. PHS 

Be but 

Anyone who wants to understand 
the slaughter at Rome and Vienna 
airports should walk through the 
Cbatila camp for Palestinian refu- 
gees in Beirut. The visitor should 
wear boots, because the sewerage 
overflows the pavements. . The 
families in the camp will offer him 
cups of hot. sweet tea. but the 
stranger who wishes to avoid 
hepatitis would do well to turn down 
these spontaneous acts of generosity. 
A glance at the pulverised buildings, 
the screaming, barefoot children, a 
few words from the young men - 
sometimes physically wounded by 
the wars of the past 10 years, 
sometimes invisibly mutilated by 
the savagery visited upon them - 
should be sufficient. 

For Chatila, Sabra, Bouij el-Baraj- 
neh, Ein Helwe, Nahr el- Bared and 
the other rain-soaked, destitute 
camps in Lebanon provide a 
recruiting and training ground for 
any young Palestinian whom the 
Abu Nidals of this world care to 
select. One of the most abiding 
themes of the Middle East is that of 
treachery, and there is hardly a man, 
woman and child who does not talk 
of betrayal - betrayal by the West 
when the Americans and French 
moved the PLO from Beirut in 1982 
and left the refugees to the mercy of 
Israel's Phalangist allies; betrayal by 
Arafat when he promised a home- 
land which moved further away with 
every battle; betrayal by Syria when 

Robert Fisk finds opposition to terrorism 
wearing thin in the face of hmnillation 
and a deep-rooted feeling of western betrayal 

it became apparent that. President 
Assad had no more desire to see an 
independent Palestinian state than 

had Israel. 

When Arafat's forces left Leba- 
non. the camps in Tripoli and Beirut 
were taken over by officers of Abu 
Moussa’s pro-Syrian and anti-Arafat 
guerrillas, while Arafat hims elf 
transferred millions of dollars to 
Sidon to keep his men in southern 
Lebanon loyal. When Syria used the 
Shia Muslim militia to crush 
Arafat's remaining supporters in 
Beirut, the young Palestinians in 
Lebanon still burning to fight - and 
those in the five other Arab nations 
which had given the PLO refuge - 
sought to buoy their frustration in 
other organizations. It was not 
difficult for Abu Nidal to find 

The bare facts of Abu Nidol’s 
career - his birth in what was 
Palestine in 1935, his original 
allegiance to Arafat, his subsequent 
defection to Iraq and then Syria - 
tell their own story but his 
biography does not explain the 
savagery with which his assassin- 
ation squads approach their goals. 
For the massacres at Rome and 
Vienna were, ultimately, the con- 

clusion of years ofhuraiiiation- 

Many Palestinians, including 
those members of Arafat's Fatah 

movement, no longer believe there 
is any future in political struggle. 
The arguments over UN Resolution 
242, the conflict between PLO 
groups, the debate over Jordan’s 
offer to negotiate for the West Bank 
and Gaza Strip, now appear 
irrelevant to many of Arafat's own 

This, ultimately, is why the Arab 
world was so slow to condemn the 
airport atrocities. It is difficult for 
Arab governments to explain there 
outrage after the massacres visited 
upon the Palestinians over the past 
decade, especially in Lebanon^ 
Colonel Gadaffi - if he is, indeed, 
behind Abu NidaTs current activi- 
ties - realizes this only too weEL He 
is also well aware bow embarrassing 
it is for Arafat, the enemy of both 
Libya and Syria, to express his own 

individual Arab nations abhor both 
Gadafffs regime and his self-evi- 
dent arrogance. 

The real truth, however objection- 
able it may be to the West, and to 
the Americans in particular, is that 
the Arabs are almost daily becoming 
more convinced that the West 
cannot be trusted, that the US has 
no serious intention of meeting the 
Palestinians’ aspirations for .a 
homeland, and that anyone who can 
upset the nations which once 
promised help is at least doing 
s omething for their cause, however 
terrible their acts may be. 

That is why some of America’s 
friends talk of solving the causes of 
such violent acts, rather than just 
hitting back at the perpetrators. For 
it is a deeply depressing reality in the 
Middle East these days that the 
voices of moderation - be they of 
King Husain or President Muba- 
rak - are achieving ever less effect 
upon Arab listeners. If President 
Reagan - with or without Israel - 
strikes at an Arab nation he deems 
worthy of “p unishm ent?*, then the 
Arabs will line up against the United 
States. Libya may itself take fright at 
the approach of the USS Coral Sea 
and utter some hurried if somewhat 

condemnation while evidently . .... _ 

achieving so little in his own struggle- hypocritical .condemnation of the 
fora homeland. airport killings. But in Arab eyes. 

Thus when the Americans and until the problems of the Middle 
Israelis threaten to retaliate for the East are addressed seriously and 

murders at European airports, the 
Arab world prefers to give its moral 
support to Libya, however much the 

impartially by the West, there are 
likely to be yet more massacres at 
the check-in desks- 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

I am being haunted by a lawsuit I 
read about some time ago, and must 
try to exorcise the spectre today, lest 
I should end up as crazy as, on the 
face of it, all the parties to the case 
were at the end, if not the begi nn i n g. 

But I must warn those of my 
readers who wish to come along on 
the ghost-hunt that my phrase “on 
the face of if was not simply 
employed to ward off the possibility 
that I might, by a fine irony, find 
myself stewing slowly in a lawyer's 
pot. The casus belli was, it is true, so 
small as to be invisible - it was, as a 
matter of feet, a piece of land 1.3 sq 
ft in area - but the passions released, 
on both sides, were such that they 
could scarcely have seemed greater a 
the parties were each laying claim to 
the whole of Texas. And it is those 
passions, rather than a few ounces of 
earth, that concern me here. 

First, an outline of the facts. (I 
take them from The Guardian, 
which seems to have been the only 
paper to report the case.) Early in 
1983, a couple in Kent decided to 
repair a fence post on the edge of 
their land; in doing so, they moved 
it from its original position, in the 
direction' of their neighbours' 
ground, and a bit over. 

Ha! cry all the lower deck lawyers 
among you; attempting to pinch 
land belonging to others, were they? 
Then they deserve to be eaten by 
lawyers, without butter and without 
salt. Very possibly; but their march 
into friendly and peaceful territory, I 
must now reveal, was somewhat less 
dramatic than the Nazi blitzkrieg, 
and they travelled, in the course of 
iL not quite so far as Mao Tse-tung 
and his companions on the Long 
March. They moved the fence post 
two inches. 

De minimis, it seems, curat lex 
like billy-o. I have, it is true, often 
drawn attention to the feet that no 
one has even seen a fat litigant or a 
thin lawyer, but there cannot have 
been many cases which pointed as 
clearly as this one to the sinister 
truth behind that curious phenom- 
enon. For two and a half years the 
battle raged, even though' those who 
moved the fence-post represented 
themselves. (If they had hired 
lawyers too, the case would doubt- 
less have gone on for two and a half 
decades. The Jamdyces didn’t know 
when they were well off) 

When the hearing was over, the 
judge took four months to consider 
his judgment, which took two hours 
to read. The costs totted up to 
thousands of pounds, and it is by no 
means certain, at least to me. who 
won, or for that matter what "won" 
meant in such a case; the only 
conclusion I have come to on my 
own behalf is that in my next life I 
am going to be a manufacturer of 
those little blue cardboard corners 
that lawyers fix to packets to 

Now if you think that two and a 
half years of litigation is a fairly 
steep price to pay for two inches of 
land, you are right, but I am even 
righter than you, because I once read 
of a case in' which the dispute 
concerned not the position of a 
fence-post, for both parties agreed 
that it was exactly on the boundary, 
but the siring round the post, which 
thus entered, feloniously and with 
malice aforethought, on to the other 
man's patch, so that the dispute was 
literally over the thickness of a piece 
of string. 

Shortly after I read about that 
horror, I found myself talking to a 
banister at a party, and invited him. 

Digby Anderson 

Television producers usually love 
conflict so. much they will manufac- 
ture disagreement where none exists, 
yet one contemporary struggle is 
largely ignored, especially by tele- 
vision: that between arivalgEonps 
petitioning - for. 'money from the 
government. A pity, for it- would 

make good television. 

Television’s standbys - audi en c e 
polk, hanbwing case studies and 

for the dderiy just have to make out 
tire easy case that it would be nice if 
they had more money; it would have 
to argue that they, rather than foe 
teachers, should have more money 
and that it should come from, say, 
foe sexual minorities and unem! 
ployed having less. If lively 
merit is the stuff of f - * ~~ i ~ 
should betivdy. 

If harrowing stories of suffe ring 

arguing panellists - have" plenty of bring in foe viewers, why not two 
life in them: it is foe way foe roles stories competing for compassion? 

No longer would those waning 
more “resources" for foe homeless 
be allowed an' emotive monopoly 
They would have to demolish their 
opponents’ stories, or better them. 

' If polls taken before and after 
studio discussio n ar e good tele- 
vision, why not tough en_ the curr ent 
limp questions to, *^W tacfa of these 

groups most deserve more govern- 
ment money ... and -which lessT" 
or “The cost to you, the average 
earner, of meeting foe. demands of 
fosse six groups is £XXX. Which, if 
any, would you cease to subsidize?” 

Even more c hallen gi n g versions 
could be devised for Channel 4 in 

are allocated between contenders 
that is the. problem. " 

The format starts wit h an 
interview with an elderly . perron 
who would like more money. This 
means taxpayers' money and is 
usually referred, to as “support" Her 
tale is harrowing. She patently n eeds 
more money. . In the studio audience 
are other people, nationally like her; 
“the elderly", who want more , 
money; and representatives of care 
industries who would also like more 
money both directly for those “m 
need” and for. themselves to support 
those in need. * _ 

The panel of experts or pol itician s 
consists of one or two who also 
fhinlc it would be nice if all these 

which panellists repre sented differ- 

... eat sections of the -same group; 

people had some more money and among the elderly, say, those huh^ t 
one (this is how I became interested 80 ami over 80. Just as optimal 

A post that 
should have been 

on no more than those facts, to 
extemporize a closing speech to a 
jury on behalf of the man who 
complained of trespass by string He 
did so with such conviction and 
brilliance that 1 began to make the 
sign against the Evil Eye, and several 
of foe more devout listeners to his 
efforts crossed themselves. 

Hamlet had views on this 
problem. When faced with the 
imminent death of twenty thousand 
men to decide the ownership of a 
piece of land that had in it no profit 
but the name, whereon foe numbers 
could not try the cause and, for good 
measure, that was not tomb enough 
nor continent to hide the slain, he 
decided that rightly to be great was 
not to stir without great argument, 
but greatly to find honour in a straw 
when honour was at the stake. 

The people on both sides of the 
moved fence-post thought that 
honour was at the stake; so did those 
who debated the thickness of a piece 
of string So did the former 
policeman, sacked at foe time of foe 
Liverpool police strike in 1919, 
whom I used to see at Speakers’ 
Corner in my youth, carrying a 
placard about the injustice he 
claimed to have suffered, and 
making for the thousandth time the 
same speech about Commander 
Locker-Lam pson. So was foe lady 
who spent decades trying to prove 
that she had not been guilty of the 
trivial traffic offence for which she 
had been fined £5. 

I forget who said, of Othello, that 
with a little give and take on both 
sides the trouble could have been 
avoided. (Katherine Whitehom 
went even further and pointed out 
that if, when Othello said, “Lend me 
thy handkerchief”, Desdemona had 
said, “It's at the laundry”, there 
would never have been any trouble 
in the first place.) 

Yet people have ruined their lives 
for sixpence, and the lives of others 
for threepence; they have murdered 

for slights invisible to every eye but 
their own. and committed suicide 
because the wind changed; they have 
spent all that they have on what 
Hamlet, in the same scene, called a 
fantasy and trick of feme, and gone 
to their graves like beds. 

“Ah, what can God do,” cries Mrs 
Boyle, “agen foe stipidity o’ men!”, 
but even she did not get it quite 
right Stupidity will rake us fer 
towards hell, but not quite into it; 
what makes the doors fly open 
without benefit of knocker is 
obstinacy, and that rock is enough to 
sink all the world's navies. A few 
lines later, Mrs Boyle calls upon the 
Sacred Heart of Jesus: “Take away 
our hearts o' stone, and give us 
hearts o' flesh! Take away this 
murdherin’ hate, an' give us Thine 
own eternal love!" 

A moving plea, and few will wish 
it unanswered. But I would settle for 
something much less: a method of 
getting into the heads of men and 
women the world over that not 
everything matters, and that many 
of the things that seem as if they 
matter most are among those that 
matter not at afl. 

Some years ago, in response to a 
newspaper article, by a priest, which 
called for more forgiveness for 
wrongs real as well as imagined, a 
correspondent firmly rejected the 
call, and revealed that he bad borne 
a number of grudges all bis fife, one 
of them for SO years, and had no 
intention of giving any of them up. 
That forgotten hero, mind you, is 
being challenged hard by Mr 
Auberon Waugh, whose immense 
list of grudges and vendettas, 
regularly fretted into life, is headed 
by Lord Cowrie, who has been on it 
for 24 years, for no better reason 
than that, when they were both at 
Oxford, a lady preferred Gowrie’s 
charms to. Waugh's. 

Among the many others on the 
list are Martin Seymour-Smfth, who 

has notched up 13 years, for 
indicating that he did not thinV very 
highly of Evelyn Waugh's novels, 
Charles Douglas-Home, who scored 
14 years before death removed him 
from foe scroll - if indeed it has 
done - for the mere suspicion on 
Waugh inf’s part that Charlie had 
been responsible for winding up a 
terrible weekly column Bran used to 
write in this newspaper, and David 
Pryce-Jones, whose stint has so fer 
been some 12 years, though neither I 
nor David himself can even guess at 
the reason. 

We all, at times, find our sense of 
perspective becoming distorted, 
even though rarely as distorted as 
that I cannot think myself into foe 
minds of either party to foe fence- 
post dispute, but I have no doubt 
that L too, have sometimes dug in 
my heels when foe game wasn’t 
wmth the shoel ac es. “What dp you 
do when you’re innocent?" asked 
the wife in~ foie, couple ,who moved 
foe post, adding, "You can’t just 
give m, can you?” 

Oh, but you can, if what you are 
innocent ox is a two-inch trespass, 
and that goes also for those who are 
gt alty of such a misdeme anour. 

*Tis pride that pulls the country 
down,”-sings Iago, and so it is, if the 
pride is the sort that moved those 
who moved the fence-post and those 
who objected ot its moving. I don't 
really begrudge the lawyers their 
cream buns (I bet you didn’t know 
that some of my best friends are 
lawyersX and I dare say that many of 
them tty to dissuade clients from 
entering upon litigation that can 
bring them, nothing but sorrow, if 
not ruin. But what can they do if foe 
client insists? 

I once heard a terrible story of an 
old man, dying, who had. on -his 
conscience the memory ofbullymg a 
boy at schooL He found his victim’s 
address - both men were by then in 
their seventies - and wrote to ask 
forgiveness for his childish cruelty, 
so that he could die in peace:- The 
other wrote back that he would nix 
offer forgiveness for the sm commit- 
ted six decades before, and the dying 
man had to find in other Thoughts 
what consolation he could. I hope he 
died in peace; I wonder if the other 
mao, on his own deathbed, was 
troubled by his refusal. 

Cromwell did not live up to it, but 
he said it: “I beseech you, in the 
bowels of Christ, think it possible 
you may be mistaken.” Bat how 
thidc is a piece of string? 

Civilian rule, but the torture goes on 

San Salvador 

Torture is becoming -increasingly 
common in El Salvador, raising 
grave doubts over the guilt of 
prisoners said to have confessed to 
political crimes and questioning 
President Duarte’s capacity to 
control human rights abuses. 

The Roman Catholic Church 
declared this month that torture is 
an the increase, “producing con- 
fessions completely removed from 
reality”. Electric shocks, beatings, 
sleep deprivation, rape, threats 
agamst the lives of relatives have all 
become standard interrogation prac- 
tice among El Salvador’s security 
forces, according to well-docu- 
mented evidence. 

One particularly fearsome torture 
device is "La Capucha”. a canvas 
bag put over a prisoner’s head and 
made air-tight with a noose around 
foe neck. The prisoner, usually 
handcuffed and blindfolded, is 
brought repeatedly to the verge of 
suffocation, his throat and nasal 
passages scalded by the bag's lini ng 
of tim e as he struggles for breath. 

view some of the prisoners. What 
they told me substantiated horrify- 
ing reports already brought to foe 
attention of lawyers, diplomats and 
human rights groups. 

Santos Garcia, who had worked as 
a chauffeur for foe human rights 
officer at the US embassy, was 
picked up by foe feared Treasury 
Police on September 12. “They took 
me to their underground basement, 
blindfolded me and applied electric 
shocks to my teeth, ears, nose and 
genitals. But La Capucha was the 
-worst of all." 

Garcia says he received no solid 
food for 12 days and was not 
allowed sleep, being made to remain 
standing, handcuffed and usually 
naked, all foe time he was in his 
small, dark celL 

Garda confirmed that at the same 
time an economist employed by a 
US government agency, Graciela 
Menendezde Igfesias - accused, like 
him, of being a guerrilla collaborator 
- had been raped and also tortured. 
Both signed documents “confessing” 
their guilt, having reached a state of 
Recently I was allowed inside foe “madness", as Garcia described iL 
Mariona political prison, to israr- Menendez was released for lack of 

hard evidence. Garda was con- 
signed by a military judge to 
Mariona where he feces the prospect 
of several years’ imprisonment 
without legal sentence. 

A more celebrated case is that of 
the Centeno brothers - Vladimir, 21, 
and Jaime, 18, who were arrested on 
November 8 and fra seven consecu- 
tive days appeared on TV confessing 
to having kidnapped Colonel Omar 
Napoleon Avalos two weeks earlier. 
Both are in Mariona prison and are 
likely to stay there indefinitely. 

Vladimir, a biology teacher, said 
they had been beaten on the head, 
genitals and soles of their feet. “La 
Capucha" was used on them and 
they received electric shocks. (Buro- 
marks are still dearly visible on 
Vladimir’s arms). "We were made to 
stand, ina tub of pestilential water, 
filthy with urine. Again and again 
they forced our heads down into the 
water until we nearly drowned. We 
were kept standing, bfindfolded and 
handcuffed, all night. By the third 
day, we had lost all sense of time.” 

Then they were threatened - like 
Garcia and Menendez - that their 
immediate family members would 
be killed if they did not co-operate. . 

“We were given a twelve-page 
’confession’. and told we had two 
days to learn it by heart. At the end 
of the two days they dressed us up, 
put make-up on our feces and took 
us to a TV studio, where we gave 
our pantomime performance!” 

. The brothers now protest their 
innocence. Vladimir says he was in 
Honduras when Colonel Avalos was 
kidnapped and his brother was at 
the circus with his girl friend. . 

Furthermore, Vladimir says it was 
evident the authorities’ only inten- 
tion was to frame them as, during 
interrogation, they were never 
where foe colonel had been t»i 
Nothing has emerged yet as to where 
the colonel is or. why he -was 

'The mifitary insist that what 
Vladimir Centeno told me is a Ire. 
And. the feet remains that in El 
Salvador, democracy or no- democ- 
racy, foe military - who consistently 
deny any part m foe thousands of 

murders, disappearances and tor- 
tures of recent years - still have tire 
final word. 

Jd&jt Carlin 

in the matter) who has yet to be 
convinced. An audience of home 
viewers is polled before and after tire 
discussion on whether they think 
more money should be given. There 
is much talk of rights, needs, 
obligations and suffering. • 

- The pro g ram mes are a de quate, 
sometimes excellent, but they lack 
something. Without it, their- dis- 
agreements are part of a phoney war. 
Among the panel, the studio 
audience and the home' audience 
there is nobody, not even your 
humble columnist, whose real 
interests would be damaged if the 
particular group were pven more 
money. The discussion is weakened 
because tire real conflict is ruled out 
by the format 

Such programmes raim those “in 
need” group by group: this week the 
elderly, next week one-parent 

sfrilrinj ar t eadtet S OT -the 

homeless. Looked at in isolation, 
each group has a plausible claim to 
be a special case. But what if they 
woe puttoge&er? 

Why not remove tire party-ob- 
sessed politicians and tire pontificat- 
ing independent experts from tire 
panel and replace them with 
representatives of the lobbies com- 
petitively seeking funds from the 
state? On each weekly show there 
would be a different four panellists 
each putting the case for a group 
such, as tire poor, one-parent 
families, - the ekjeriy, the unem- 
ployed, drug addicts;, rural (ms-users, 
chaps i " wanting to ' insulate, their 
lofts orhavea new roof on the rates, 
the homeless,- sexual - minorities, - 
farmers, those ratiofly discriminated 
against, opera-goers, striking teach- 
ers, university students, tire BBC 
-and others foil msA*. up tire SZ per 
cent who now receive their incomes 
from government. 

They would argae dgdmst each 
other for limited re so ur ces . That, 
after all, is a truer representation of 
reality. No longer would the lobby 

g o ve rn ment policies should be 
. targeted on those within such huge 
categories as “the elderly” who need 
help most, so discussion shonld seek 
to split up heterogeneous categories. 
It should be efiffentetiesing, for 
example, between loft-owners, to 
point to those who do not need their 
insulation robstdized by the tax- 

The British tax system involves 
those earning sums within the 
'official definition -of povert y in 
paying income tax at standard rate. 
A representative of tins section of 
taxpayers' should - be on the pro- 
gramme e v er y w ee k , add so should a 
cost assessor. 

Sate subsidies in the real-life 
game are Untried: more "money to 
some means less for others. Those 
lobbying for more state money are 
in dispute not so much with the 
government as with each other. But 
television, app arently marooned in 
tire, cost-unconsdous Sixties, con- 
tinues to di sg ui se the competitive 
character of state munificence. It 
does this not by conspi ra cy or bias 
but. as a byproduct of a. format 
winch isolates each case, pres enti ng 
it as a dispute between a compara- 
tively small number of desperately 
needy citizens and'* gov ernm ent of 

A weekly disdrssfoh show tint 
had the lobbies for incanpased subsidy 
a rg ui ng against each 'other, asking 
for more for themselves and Iras for 
their competitors, would be mote 
realistic:, anti' 'better television. 
Viewere .wouId lBam mudi more 
about rival merits and demerits. 
They would be confronted with 
tough ethical challenges rather than 
tire easy option of a series of ersatz 
compassion concessions. Tire final 
■pou might even be a surprise.. 

Can readers suggest a suitable 
name fra the programme? 

The author is director of the Social 
Affairs UhiL 

moreover , . . Miles Kington 

It’s the same 

Last Friday I was listening to Radio 
4, and behold. Radio 4 said «nto me 
that on Sunday morning there would 
bera new-took series of programmes 
on Radio. .4. And. I hearkened, 
wondering what this new-look style 
of -Radio. 4 would look like, 
wondering indeed how Radio 4 
could look like anything. Behold, 
this is what they promised me new- 
wise. . 

9J$ Alistair Cooke’s Letter Horn 
America. ' 

3.30 Morning Service.' 

10-15 The Archers Omnibus Edi- 
tion. ( 

11.15 Margaret Howard's Pick of the 

12.15 Desert Island Discs, with 
Michael Parkinson. . . 

To say that I was sore amazed 
would be to understate theoase. The 
first three of these programmes were 
exactly the same as T remembered ■ 
from foe old-look . Radio 4 on. 
Sunday. Pick of the Week is an old- 
look programme, transplanted from 
Saturday, while Desert Island Discs 
is a very old-look pro gram me 
transplanted from Roy Ftomfey. 

Not only that, but Alistair Cooke, 
Margaret' Howard and The Archers 
were afl repeats from the previous 
week - in feet. Pick qf the Week is a 
double repeat, as its contents - as its 
name implies, for the benefit of afl 
you Radio 3 devotees ^ have been 
heard before they ever get into'' Tick 
of the Week. Desert Island Discs was 
going out for the first time, but' is to 
be repeated next Friday . 

Really, the only sew thing about 
foe - Sunday morning, apart from 
Michael Parkinson’s. new breeziness; ■ 
was foe absence of foe new . things 
that had previously been broadcast 
on Sunday morning, the Sunday 
Colour Supplement and so on. What 
was so remarkable about Radio 4’s 
Sunday morning was that it was so 
old -look, as if somebody upstairs 
had decided it was t«nn to stop 

out and call it old-look? It. would be 
me last Friday: “And cm-. Sunday 
morning we have a real old-style 
senes of programmes on Radio 4 for 
you to enjoy, tire good old gocid ones 
that you’ve always liked. At least 
it would have been truthfuL - 

To take another example, there is 
a product for cleaning windows 
called Windolene: At least, I 
nsnrenrber it being caBed Windo- 
fene. But tire last time I. saw a bottle 
of the stuff it wasn’t called 
Wmdolene. at afl - it was called 
“New Improved Wmdolene Plus". 
Three words out of four, trying to 
tell us it was new-loolc. Coming 
soon: Brand NewTmproved Wmdo- 
lene Extra Plus. No doubt excellent 
stuff my libel lawyers tell me, but 
wouldn’t it. be possible one day to 
present us with Good Old Tra- 
ditional Wmdolene?. I thinkXd rush 
out and buy a bottle "for my good old 
traditional windows. 

In any case, if I were a PR man I 
would use foe word "new” with 
great c au tio n , -as it., has* so many 
overtones of. age and tradition. 
Almost every thing once new 
has become period. The New 
Statesman, tire New Deal, art 
nouveau, nouvefle . vagoe, new 
towns, foe New . Woman, New 
Jersey, foe New Look - alL rooted in 
mstmy. Most of New Yank looks 
uke foe oldest town in tiie world, 
camtaugh s New Town was pretty 
wfl complete by 1800. And when 
md. anyone last think of the novel as 

being Particularly novel? Ifl ever get 
round to writing a novel, should I 
call it a .New Improved Nqvd Plus? 

, foe Evening Standard 
n*cam© London’s . only, evening 
paper, it decided to give itself a new 
“*ge by calling itself foe New 
^tondard. I don’t believe any of its 
ever referred to it by this 
f““b^and foe owners must have felt 
u ^ sar nc way, becausoin a rare hah 
^amty tire word New was dropped 

traditional dements back into 

Sunday morning as possible. It was 
rather Tike presenting you with * 
Christmas tree, roast turkey, carat 
singing and a piece of mistletoe, and 
calling it s new^oot Christmas. 

1. have no quanta with Radio 4’s 
ingredients, most of which I 
WhatT find so off-putting is 
it." new-took* Why » it foaiwscan 
w expected t oeqjoy something only 

the Evening Standard. 
•7”? P®9P®*ra!l something new, it 

11 ftzt it -wffl 

otherwise be thought old. • • • ’ — 4 
.Anyitoy, -tomorrow’s cofamh wffl 
be a newTook Moreover.. The New 
Moreover will contain tire best of 
totters column, ping highlights from 
l ast we ek’s columns, as wdl as 
extracts from Moreover . of yeste-. 



\ V. 

MR HESELITNE’S joystick 



When Mr Mfchael ' Hesehme ' 
chose to- lake his^xtraordinary 
position in the battle for Wes- 
tland Helicopters fie ; "surely 
thought that it would be to Ira 
long-term political adyaht^e.. In 
doing so he has raised serious 
question masks over his capacity f 
for the responsible judgement 
that would be .required or him if 
he were ever to attain thc higher 
office to which he aspires. - 

That is not to say that . theV 
Defence Secretary is insincere in 
his belief that the 'European 
consortium is' the best answer to 
Britain's defence needs and the 
Westland workers’ need for jobs. 
Nor is it to say that the bizarre 
. events of the. past few weeks win . : 
do Mr Heseltine harm when the 
battle proper ~begi ns for the next 
Tory leadership.; The charge is a 
greater one than . those. If is not 
that he has reckkssly misread 
Westland's interests, or his own 
interests, but that the delicate 
web of national . interest in' ' 
defence co-operation with the 
European' -and US partners in 
Nato has been damaged for', 
reasons that, are ' capricious at 
best, selfish at worst. ...... 

The convention of collective 
Cabinet responsibility often. 
seems tiresome arid unnecessary, 
both to those who are bound by 
it and to those in the Press whose 
duty it is to foment fine debate. 
In this case, however, it - is 
especially ' to be .desired Mr 
Heseltine argued thai-a failure to 
lake the European consortium's 
offer would damage Britain's 
“European” credentials and 
jeopardize - future /prospects in 
European co-operative ' deals. 
That may be true. But it is true 
largely because Mr Heseltine - ■ 
by his initial hasty commitments 
and subsequent dramatic fight 
againsihis colleagues l - has made 
it so. 

In the of fixture ..: 
European helicopter projects, the 
fact that the Solicitor General, '■ 
Sir Patrick Mayhew, yesterday 
accused Mr Heseltine of a 
“material inaccuracy” in a fetter 
to the European consortium’s 
merchant bank is amatterof still . 
deeper concern. . How /many 
more of his colleagues now 
believe that: in Mr Hesehine’s 
mind excitement has taken the- 
place- of reason?' - ' - '■ 

. / The collectrve view of the 
■ Cabinet: is that Westland’s board 
[ 'of directors should be allowed to 
direct the company’s future. If 
the company has two attractive 
"solutions/ to consider so much 
•' the better. The.- .-Trade .and 
’ Industry Secretary, Mr Leon 
Britton, need not feel mjuredrif 
. the European, partners, put 
together an offer which knocks 
. the Sikorsky-Fiat proposal dean 
off the ; negotiating table. - Mr 
Heseltine: win, .of course, ; be 
delisted by siich ah outcome. 
Hi$ : standing in the leadership 
. stakes would rise. . 

/ They may also rise, however, 
/if the Sikorsky-Fiat' bid" goes' 
/through. ; It .will be a personal 
defeat but -a! tactical one too. He 
will be .able to ride off to the 
back-benches in the security that 
the Eiefence and Industry lobbies 
of Tory MPs .{the largest and 
most, powerful lobbies of their 
_ kind) will be fateful admirers of 

- his. stand. The Defence Secretary 
/lias not . hitherto been well 
backed in his parliamentary 
party./. He. wffl have- arrived in 
exile with probably the best start 
he could have made for irnprov- 
in&that crucial base of support 

. Surely, it may be argued, Mr . 
Heseltine does not want to risk 
beconiing' a . 'Francis Pym, a 
James- Prior (now battling for 
Westland wearing his GEC hat) - 
or an Ian Cmroour. They, 
however, were all . sacked. Mr 

- Heseltine would have qiut-of his 
own accord; and oh an issue 
which in times to come can be 
presented as a last principled 
stand for “enlightened inter- 
vention”, “true, Europeanism”, 
whatever is the most useful 
. slogan for the hoiir. 

It is hard to escape gracefully 
; from Mrs Thatcher’s shadow but 
it is-a journey which all aspiring 
-successors will have to take at 
some time. The party will prefer 
not to' 1 choose its new organ 
grinder from . its old monkeys, 
and. Mr. Heseltine knows it. 
Successful defiance of Mrs 
Thatcher will distance him. from 
her. So will a “principled” 
resignation, even probably a 
sacking, as loiig as there is wide 
enough support on tils 'side. Mr 
Heseltine hopes that this is the 
issue on which he cannot lose. 


The Chan nel has two shores and 
the fixed Channel lmk .w® join 
two nations. That basic fact is 
the very essence of the dream 
that has fired the English and 
French for two- centuries/ Yet the 
British have tended toforget it in 
discussing the confect choice for 
"our” great project. The French,’* 
with their added tradition of 
chauvinism, could be relied on 
to feel the same The need for the.* 
two nations to agree the details 
of a single scheme, from a group 
of contenders now' whittled 
down to three; has necessarily 
dominated the process of choice, 
effectively ruling out the tra- 
ditional British planning system 
with its emphasis on public 
enquiry. The two peoples must 
trust their better-informed 
governments. Today talks 
between the Transport Secretary 
Mr Nicholas Ridley and. his 
Freiteh- cbunlerpaart will aim -to 
agree a decision, in principle to 
put to their respective govern- 
ments. ; g- ■. 

It is to be hoped -that Mr 
Ridley wiH be able topresent an 
agreed choice to the Cabinet bn 
Thursday. Far more important, 
however, is that this symbol of 
the joining of Britain- and the • 
Continent should not degenerate 
into last-minute Brassels-style 
wrangtings and half-bearled 
compromises based on narrow 
national interests against dead- 
lines imposed by the French 
election on the one hand and 
commitments by Mrs Thatcher, 
on the other. 

The choice must be made- 
clearfy against a number of tests 
relating to transport, the en- 
vironment and finance/ The 
fixed link must be seen as a onoe- 
and-for-all project that is likely 
to close further options or 
postpone them indefinitely. It 
should therefore aim to cope 
flexibly with different forms of 
transport at rising volumes. It 
should minimize the danger of _ 
any monopoly fixed link: that it - 
could be strangled by accident, 
by trade uiuon or other indus- 

Tnrn of the screw 

From Mr Roger Park&Jervis 
Sir, The . House /of Lords . have . 
decided (taw Report, December 13), 
that it is constitutionally inappropri- 
ate for the courts to intervene many 
dispute between a local' authority 
and the secretary of state over the 
limits be sets for local spending. 
Their Lordships, noted that his 
decisions may disproportion atdy 
disadvantage one/ ratepayer, com- 
pared With another - who may be 
only . a few yards apart, across a - 
county boundary:,- more ; 

particularly, compared whh tax- 

trial action or even by terrorist 

The French, who are likely to 
provide /ess traffic, are more 
. concerned with a rafl link to tie 
in' with' their expensively devel- 
oped railway system. The Brit- 
ish, whose freight and passenger 
: traffic is dominated by. road 
vehicles, must practically lean to 
the fastest, cheapest and most 
convenient road vehicle link. 
That potential source of conflict 
should actually help the decision 
since it points to solutions with 
plenty of scope for both rail and 
road traffic. 

. Long-term environmental 
damage will be reduced -if there 
is emphasis on -through traffic 
rather than large amounts of 
local marshalling, warehousing 
and queuing. Customs arrange- 
meats will inevitably affect that 
.and wall needto be reformed. 

The financial viability of the 
.-schemes is .equally important. 
They would be privately 
financed and bizilt, but if the 
consortium company failed be- 
_ fore the link was completed, the 
burden would inevitably fall on 
taxpayers if only because two 
governments are involved. 

Ministers should, therefore, 
view, the project as if they were 
cautious bankers and investors 
and insist on the maximum of 
risk capital being put up 1>y their 
promoters as well as an eventual 
overall 20 per cent omrimum of 
risk capital 

Thp decision would be easy if 
: any -of the schemes won on all 
these tests, Reality is harder, for 
each has both strengths and 

Although the full results of the 
vetting '-committees are hot 
public, * the twin rail tunnel 
proposed by the Channel Tunnel 
Group appears to have win in 
terms of financial viability, 
"sound funding and engineering 
simplicity based , on tried prin- 
. triples. The French seem particu- 
larly persuaded. Those very 
virtues, however, are based on 
having only two -bored- tunnels, 

payers who .pay only according to 
th eir ability to do so. 

These may appear injustices to 
some, but their Lordships con- 
/ sidered" them a matter, for Parlia- 
ment unless the consequences are so 
absurd feat “the secretary of state 
must have Taken leave -of* his 
senses”, which is exactly what 
Buckinghamshire; ratepayers L w31 
think when they face a rate rise of 
some ,30 pet cent next year. ■ 

, Their Lordships' derision has 
. given .foil effect, to- Patrick Jenlrin’s 
assessment feat we live in a unitary 
state.., Membeisof Partiameni who 
soon face election should consider 

which makes the scheme de- 
ficient on transport and, per- 
haps, environmental tests. While 
it can cope with both through 
trains and with road vehicles, it 
. has no facility to drive across the 
Channel Loading vehicles onto 
shuttle trains implies large facili- 
ties at either end, threatening the 
green fields of Kent. It is also 
most vulnerable to industrial 

At the opposite end, the 
ambitious Euro Route is finan- 
cially well-backed but seems 
intrinsically the most expensive, 
particularly because the sub- 
merged-tube rail tunnels are 
completely separate and rail 
cannot be integrated with the 
bridge/numel roadway. This 
scheme offers more construction 
jobs but carries the greatest risk. 

The third option, the Channel 
Expressway, offers through its 
four bored tunnels a basically 
cheaper method of achieving the 
same transport ends as Euro- 
Route. The doubts on its costing 
and design stem chiefly from its 
late entry and hefty late changes. 
Expressway has been promoted 
by an American Mr James 
Sherwood and uses Japanese 
technology to ventilate its drive-, 
through tunnels. Such consider- 
ations should be irrelevant A 
more important objection is that 
It does not as yet have such solid 
financing, particularly of equity 
capital as the other two. 

Mr Sherwood insists that this 
would follow the choice of his 
system and that he has the 
'counterv ailing virtue of intend- 
ing to be the tunnel’s operator 
and thus more concerned with 
the best design. There is some 
truth mlhat 

Certainly, the British govern- 
ment should not cramp the 
potential of the Expressway by 
imposing artificial deadlines or 
bowing to the relative apathy 
across, the Channel It will need 
to explain how any other choice 
offers a better combination of 
sound economics and an exciting 
project worthy of this historic 

very carefully the ways and means 
and. the pace al which the secretary 
of state is redistributing national 
income in their name, presenting so 
many councillors with a position of 
accountability without power to 

In restating Buckinghamshire’s 
case, and there is none more logical 
and justified. Dr Phillips (December 
31) makes a plea for load govern- 
ment which it will be unwise for 
Parliament to ignore. 

Yours faithfully, 


Estate Office, Great Hampden, 

Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire. 

Drink and driving taken to extremes 

. Those are fee issues feat am- 
bitions politicians like. 

It may perhaps be argued ini 

- the Defence Secretary's cause! 
that his European solution isj 
simply fee correct one fori 
Westland and that, if fee com- 
pany Chairman, Sir John Cuck- 

- ney, -and his fellow directors! 
. cannot see that, it is up to men of 
greater wisdom to bring true 
tight to fee unbelievers. Mr 
Heseltine may indeed be a man 
of greater wisdom than Sir John. 
But Westland shareholders may 
equally well ask themselves what 
ifee Defence Secretary was doing 
'earlier last year while their 
company was -on -fee brink of 
death from debt, while their 
Chairman ' was arranging fee 
Sikorsky rescue and while their 
would-be European collabora- 
tors were laughing all the way to 
fee undertakers. They might ask 
themselves why Aerospatiale 
and fee rest- of Mr Heseltine’s 
team appeared only when fee 
Sikorsky plan promised to torn 
Westland into a fiercer competi- 
tor instead of a dead one. 

Westland shareholders will be 
hearing shortly from Sir John in 
advance of fee company’s meet- 
ing of January 14. The board will 
be failing in its duty to them if it 
does not both put the rival offers 
clearly before them and strongly 
recommend one of them. If the 
shareholders do not like fee 
recommendation they can over- 
turn it - and the board too. 

At this stage in fee Westland 
saga it may seem feat no one has 
much to lose,, not the share- 
holders, not Mr Brittan; riot Mrs 
Thatcher very much, not Sir 
John nor Mr Heseltine. But 
when - ministers accuse one 
another in public of “material 
inaccuracy 1 '; and in the company 
of . lobby journalists of much 
worse; when profitable manufac- 
turing under US licence is 
derided as “tin. bashing”; when 
links between a foiled UK 
manufacturer and one of the 
world's leading high-tech com- 
panies is called a “drain of 
British technology”; when estab- 
lished European partnerships are 
disturbed by angry threats; when 
latent anti-Americanism is 
raised, in Europe in order to 
place a no-lose political bid at 
home; then something is surely 

From Dr Brian Dennison 
Sir, Surely many thousands of law- 
abiding citizens must be dismayed 
by your report today (January 3) 
about the attempt by the Association 
of Chief Police Officers to make 
driving with any alcohol in the 
bloodstream an offence. 

The social life of many who call in 
for a tranquillizing beverage on the 
way home from work, and still 
remain well within the present legal 
limit, would be seriously disrupted, 
without any certainty of any 
beneficial effect on accident stat- 

More seriously, yet a further step 
would be taken in the direction of 
sequestration of the policeman from 
the rest of society as one who is 
involved in the punishment of the 
average person for doing something 
which, logically, neither the so- 
called offender, nor the average 
policeman, could regard as wrong - 
■namely, driving with an ultimate 
level of. say. $ mg per cent of alcohol 
in the blood, the equivalent of one 
sixth of a pint of beer, or three 
teaspoons of whisky. 

Surely the beneficial effects of the 
reintroduction of community polic- 
ing would, to a large extent, be 
undone if ill-considered measures of 
this nature were undertaken. 

Also, h would be completely 
illogical to ban, in the interests of 
safety, the presence of alcohol in the 
bloodstream without at the same 
time, banning driving by the 
countless legions consuming tran- 
quillizers, anti-histamines and other 
central nervous system depressants. 

Responsible, senior policemen 
should in these troubled times, be 
wary about the possibility of laying 

Police and public 

From Mr James Rusbridger 
Sir, Two points arise from Sir 
Kenneth Newman’s reply (feature, 
December 28) to Bernard . Levin 
(December 17). First according to 
the Home Office’s own research 
study, Contacts between Police and 
Public, (no. 77, May, 1984), fewer 
than one in 10 members of the 
public, who feel aggrieved by some 
police- action, actually bother to 
make a formal complaint This is 
because the majority, especially 
young people from ethnic communi- 
ties. believe it would be a waste of 

It follows, therefore, that any foil 
in the overall number of complaints 
does not necessarily reflect a 
growing confidence in policemen 
amongst these groups, which were 
the people Bernard Levin was 
particularly referring to. 

Secondly, why does it lake the 
police so long to investigate even a . 
simple complaint such as raiding 
the wrong house, or arresting the 
wrong person? It is not unusual for 
such investigations to take many 
months (one in Cornwall took over 
a year), when plainly such matters 
could be dealt with in 48 hours. 

The impression is that the police 
deliberately drag their feet in the 
hope that the complainant and the 
media will lose interest, and others 
will be deterred from complaining in 
the future. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Tremens Road, 

St Austell 

December 30. 

From Professor N. Kurti, FRS 
Sir, Having read Sir Kenneth 
Newman's article (December 28) in 
which he characterizes Mr Levin's 
piece (December 17) as “long on 
rhetoric and short on fact” I 
expected it to be an unsubstantiated 
attack on the police, full of colourful 
invective; instead I found, to my 
surprise, Mr Levin at his most 
urbane and tolerant Referring 
briefly to the tragic incidents of Mr 
Waldorl Mrs Groce and Mrs Jarretx 
he conceded that they could be 

Lessons from Swiss 

From Dr Leslie A. HiR 
Sir, One of my daughters is married 
to a Swiss, and I visit them 
regularly. I was therefore particu- 
larly interested in what Mr W. Farr 
had to say (December 27) about the 
virtues of the Swiss. 

However, I was surprised that he 
played down the role of defence in 
shaping the Swiss character. The 
Swiss have never forgotten their 
years of foreign occupation. The 
mainspring of their character is 
therefore a fanatical love of liberty. 
Since this requires hard work and 
unity, they work hard and are 

I do not know how the ratio of 
defence expenditure to GNP or per 
capita in Switzerland compares with 
that in other countries, but I do 

Mental health 

From his Honour Judge Alistair Bell 
Sir, The National Director of MIND 
may have been right to say in your 
columns (December 21), “Govern- 
ment must recognise the need to 
develop comprehensive local mental 
health services”. But several heart- 
rending histories of schizophrenia 
which yon have recently printed are 
directly related to problems of social 
work practice, raising ethical and 
legal rather than fiscal issues. 

Difficulties are caused by the 
interpretation of the 1983 Act - it 
may be under DHSS guidance - by 
social workers and others. Under 
section 2 (admission for assess- 
ment), the person must be suffering 
from mental disorder of a nature or 
degree to warrant detention, and 
detention must be “in the interest of 
his own health or safety or with a 
view to the protection of other 

The current view appears to be 
that “health” means primarily 
physical health. And so, in the case 
of a person suffering from schizo- 
phrenia, little regard will be paid to 
the visible evidence of a cyclical 
repetition of worsening symptoms. 

themselves open to charges of over- 
zealous and officious int e rference in 
personal liberties, and to that of 
acquisition of easy personal pub- 
licity by the initiation of so-called 

Yours faithfully. 


Newton Road, 

Great Avion, 

North Yorkshire. 

January 3. 

From Dr Waller Hedgcock 
Sr, About 30 years ago I was the 
secretary of the committee, chaired 
by Professor Wayne, which pro- 
duced the early BMA reports on the 
effects of alcohol on driving, which 
led to the current drinking and 
driving legislation. 

Event then it was quite dear to us 
that any intake of alcohol impaired 
the efficiency of any driver. This has 
been recognised in many other 
forms of transport: those in charge 
of aircraft, ships and trains must not 

The chief constables who are 
urging some diminution in the 
legally permitted level of alcohol in 
the blood in those driving on the 
roads must be encouraged to go the 
whole way, so that those who drink 
at all have to leave driving to those 
who have not drunk at all Already 
there are countries where any 
alcohol in the blood is an absolute 
legal bar to driving. 

Yours sincerely, 


9 Cherwell Close, 



January 4. 

ascribed to “advanced cases of jitters 
among the boys in blue” (“boys”, 
not “bullies”). 

The remaining four-fifths of Mr 
Levin's article describes, with the 
full facts, the case of Mr Wilson and 
Miss Farbridge. Yet Sir Kenneth 
does not even mention this case but 
gives statistics su ggesting that the 
shortcomings of the police are not as 
serious as they are made out to be. 
This is like discouraging a critical 
discussion of the safety of air travel 
on the grounds that only a tiny 
fraction of passengers is killed in 

It is hardly surprising that one 
should feel bewildered when one 
notices that the Commissioner of 
the Metropolitan Police does not 
answer factual criticism of the 
behaviour of the force under his 
command and, in particular, does 
not say whether, to use Mr Levin's 
excellent wording, he is “ willing to 
take rapid, ruthless and well 
publicized action ’* to root out the 
behaviour displayed in that case. 
Yours faithfully, 


Brasenose College, 


From Mrs Loma Twycross-Lcwis 
Sir, How glad I was to read in 
today's Times (December 31) the 
report of the new code for police 
practice which runs, “a person's 
colour can never be a reasonable 
ground for suspicion” nor their 
mode of dress. 

The only man courteous enough 
to open a door for me during a 
hectic post-Christmas shopping trip 
the other day was dressed head to 
foot in blade leather, with a black 
mohican hair cut and rings through 
his nose. 

There was nothing in it for him. I 
am middle-aged, with children, a 
mortgage, and a harassed ain 
nothing to suggest the law student 
(second year at university) which in 
feet I am. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Cherry Street, 

Old Town. 



December 31. 

know that the Swiss individual 
devotes far more time and energy to 
defence than any other individual I 

Every house one builds has to 
have an adequate nuclear fallout 
shelter. And one's military service is 
not finished after one has done the 
first few years: one continues to be 
called up for refresher courses every 
year until one is considered too old 
for this; and throughout one's life 
one addresses one's fellow trainees 
as tu whenever one meets them, 
whether they are bank managers or 

1 remain. Sir, your obedient servant, 

La Prairie, 

St Mary, 


C hann el Islands. 

December 27. 

Instead admission must await some 
incapacity to manage at subsistence 
level with approaching hunger, 
disease or physical catastrophe. 

For those capable, given regular 
treatment, of living normal lives, the 
present practice foils to react in time 
to the refusal of further treatment, 
which often occurs; and thus after 
more psychological and social 
damage has been done, it imposes 
too much treatment, too late. 

The Law Report (December 28) of 
the case of R v Hallstrom makes it 
dear that if treatment is to be given 
without the patient's consent, it can 
only be given, under the present Act, 
to an in-patient who is in hospital 
for a significant time. 

Surely if there is firm diagnosis of 
the nature of the illness, the aim 
should be to enter the cyclical 
decline and by prompt treatment 
prevent it reaching . distressing 
proportions. This wm require a 
chang e of practice and possibly 
amendment of the 1983 Act, in 
addition to further local resources. 

I am, Sir, yours faithfully, 


The Manchester Club, 

SO Spring Gardens, Manchester. 

Keeping our kith 
and kin at bay 

From MrM. J. Bedford 
Sir. I write in support of Mr Simon 
Winchester’s excellent article, “Bri- 
tons kept at arm’s length” (Decem- 
ber 27) and trust that his words will 
be seriously read and acted upon by 
those responsible in Westminster 
and Whitehall For too long, the 
remaining colonies have been badly 
neglected and as we enter the New 
Year, the time has study come to 
put matters right 

Firstly, greater financial assistance 
should be made available to 
territories such as St Helena, Tristan 
da Cunha. Anguilla, Pitcairn and 
others; together with an undertaking 
to improve communications 
between them and the United 

Secondly, the responsibility for all 
colonies, with the obvious exception 
of Hong Kong, should be removed 
from tee control of tee Foreign 
Office and handed over to a newly- 
created Dependencies' Office with a 
secretary of state who would have a 
seat in the Cabinet 

Thirdly, positive p lanning for tee 
constitutional future of these terri- 
tories should be implemented with 
two alternatives to be offered: either 
full integration with the United 
Kingdom, along the lines of the 
French overseas departments, or a 
federal relationship which would 
mean that tee British Government 
exercised sovereignty together with 
certain internal duties, whilst local 
governments carried out day-to-day 

Perhaps a royal commission could 
examine bote possibilities? 

Yours faithfully, 



21 Vincent Road, 

Stoke D’Abemon, 

Cnhh .am, 


December 30. 

No honour for Geldof 

From Mr B. J. Boughton 
Sir, Your correspondent in today's 
Times (January 2) is offering only 
implausible support for the ex- 
clusion of Bob Geldof from the New 
Year's Honours list. If his Irish 
citizenship were a serious obstacle, 
then surely one of the British 
citizens who helped to organize 
Band Aid could have received an 
award on behalf of the millions who 

And concerning services to the 
United Kingdom and tee Common- 
wealth. what about the British grain, 
and British ships which were 
purchased by Band Aid and tee 
prestige such humanitarianism 
brings to this country? 

Seen in this light, tee decision by 
Mrs Thatcher has all the hallmarks 
of a personal snub and compares 
unfavourably with her willingness to 
establish and maintain Fortress 
Falklands on a mere point of 

Yours sincerely. , 


63 Fitzroy Avenue, 


Birmin gham. 

January 2. 

Risks of bottle banks 

From Mrs Gillian Wyatt 
Sir, Bottle banks have been intro- 
duced in many areas of this country 
for tee re-cycling of glass. However, 
it would seem to be questionable 
whether this basically good idea is 
really helping the environment. 

The general public indiscrimin- 
ately dumps its cardboard boxes and 
plastic bags alongside bottle banks 
while salving its ecological con- 
science. In addition, bottles are 
frequently broken when council 
vehicles empty the banks, so teal tee 
surrounding area becomes unsightly 
and dangerous to children. 

Anti-litter education is essential 
beginning with the adult population. 
Yours faithfully, 


148 Thurlow Park Road, 

West Dulwich, SE21. 

January 3. 

Passing the buck 

From Mr Alan Liddicoat 
Sir, Like your correspondent from 
Lanarkshire (January 2) for some 
time I crowed with self-satisfaction 
at my artful practice of returning 
unsolicited mail in other people’s 
envelopes. I do so no longer. 

Old, isolated, and alone, I look 
forward with pleasure to tee 
postman’s friendly visit most days 
of tee week. He would not call as 
often but for “junk” mail. In any 
case much of it is interesting, like 
window shopping, even if useless. 

Another thing, our parish receives 
a steady income from a waste paper 
collection. The glossy and heavy 
“junk” is money in the bank. Keep 
it coming, 1 say. Do nothing to 
discourage it. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Elms, 

Stoford Water, 




January 3. 

Repeat performance? 

From Mr David Wolfe 
Sir, Mr David Robinson's article 
(December 28), on tee 90th birthday 
of cinema, projects a new light on 
French gastronomy of the time. 

Presumably memories of tee 
consumption of much of tee 
population of the Zoo during the 
1870 siege of Paris were still fresh in 
tee memory of tee Lu mi fere's 
audience who “were charmed by 
shots of Auguste's daughter eating 
and watching goldfish”. 

Yours faithfully, 


13 Greycoat Gardens. 

Greycoat Street, SWl. 

December 28. 


JANUARY 7 1964 

It is noto not unusual to read qf tee 
Pope on his pilgrimages. Twenty two 
years ago the mil of Pad VI (bom 
1897; pontificate 1963-78) to the Holy 
Land created a precedent for not since 
1809 had a Pope left Italy. On January 
6 another historic occasion took place 
when he met the head of the Orthodox 
Church the first such meeting between 
the leaden the two Churches since 
the schism of 1054. 


From Our Middle East 
Jerusalem Jan 6 

“The two pilgrims, with their eyes 
fixed on Christ, the exemplar and 
author, with the Father, of unity 

be the sign and prelude of things to 
come for the dory of God and tee 
illumination of his faithful people. 
After so many centuries of silence they 
have now come together in the desire 
of putting the Lora’s will into effect 
and of proclaiming the aged -old truth 
of bis gospel entrusted to the Church.” 

In these words Pope Paul VI arid the 
Oecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras of 
the Orthodox Church ended the two 
meetings they have had in Jerusalem. 
A statement said that the Pope and the 
Patriarch, in agreement with his 
Synod, had together acknowledged the 
great significance of this event and the 
meeting could not be considered 
otherwise than as a fraternal gesture. » 

After last night's first meeting, when 
the two leaders recited the Lord's 
Prayer together, the second took place 
today. The Pope said that the 
Patriarch had desired a meeting “ever 
since the time of our unforgettable 
predecessor John XXHT and that 
Pope too had yearned for it, but his 
death prevented Him re alizing his 


Looking ahead, the Pope added: 
“Divergences of a doctrinal liturgical, 
and disciplinary nature will have to be 
examined at the proper time and place 
in a spirit of fidelity to the truth and of 
und ar i tandlng in charity. What ** an 
and must now commence to develop is 
that fraternal charity which is 
ingenious in finding out new ways of 
showing itself; which, taking its 
lessons from the past, is ready to 
pHrdon. more ready to believe well 
than evil, careful above all to conform 
itself to the Divine Master and allow 
itself to be drawn and transformed by 

him " 

On leaving, the Pope said it was not 
Goodbye he was saying but Au revoir, 
based upon the hope of other fruitful 
meetings “in nomine DominP. 

This event was the apex during the 
Pope's pilgrimage of nis quest for 
unity, but he did not overlook other 
communities also concerned with 
unity in its fell Christian sense. 
Having already seen the Oriental 
Catholic and Greek Orthodox leaders, 
todav he received the beads here of the 
Anglican. Syrian Orthodox, Ethiopian 
ana Lutheran Churches. . . . 

The pace of the past three days has 
been merciless for everyone, and the 
Pope was showing signs of strain when 
early today be arrived at the Church of 
the Nativity. Bethlehem, for his final 
service. The mountains of Maob across 
the Dead Sea in the distance were 
beginning to outline themselves in the 
morning glow when be reached Christ's 

It was a razor-edge commentary on 
the later exchanges with Patriarch 
Athenagoras that, after stooping 
through the half-size door that gives 
entry into the Church of the Nativity, 
the Pope could not go straight to the 
Giotto of the Nativity where he :vas to 
say low Mass, lie could not because 
that would have taken him str.-hht 
through tee Greek Orthodox bas -ca, 
and the Orthodox leaders had not 
approved this. Therefore, he went left 
to St Jerome's cloister and St 
Catherine’s Church and afterwards 
came back to the Nativity Grotto 
under the basilica. . . 


Today was Christmas Eve for tee 
Copts and also the Greek Orthodox 
ana Syrian Orthodox, who, after the 
Pope had gone, in turn held ceremonies 

After offering mass, the Pope, 
standing at the marble manger in the 
tiny Grotto of the Nativity, addressed 
a message to the Christian Church and 
another to the world. By the “world'’, 
he meant, he said, all who looked on 
Christianity from the outside as if they 
were strangers to it. 

First, the Pope said, to Christ ha 
bore, as once tee Magi did in that 
place, symbolic gifts: he was referring 
to a golden rose which already had 
been placed on the 14-point star near 
the manger. 

Secondly, this was the historic hour 
in which the Church must correspond 
with Christ's wish “that they may be 
perfectly one.” 

“We must pursue our Ecumenical 
Council to its conclusion. We must give 
to tee Church's life new attitudes of 
mind, new aims, new standards of 
conduct so as to endow it with every 
form of spiritual beauty in thought, 
word, and prayer, in methods of 
education, art ami law. 

“This calls for a concerted effort in 
which every section of the Church 
must play its part. May each one give 
ear to the invitation which Christ is 
making through our voice. . . 

Sleepers awake 

From the Reverend David A. 

Sir, Professor Ian Fells asks (Decem- 
ber 28) whether a longitudinal bunk 
would not be more sleep-inducing 
than the present BR sleeper design, 
in which they are always transverse 
to the rails. 

I have asked myself the same 
question, especially after riding in 
trains a lot less smooth than BR’s. 
Lateral movement when one is in a 
transverse bunk does appear to be 
less restful. 

However, in southeast Asia one 
may still find sleeping cars of all 
types: those similar to BR’s, as well 
as tee older open bunk layout, and 
with transverse and longitudinal 
beds in either style. _ 

After a score of rides in all types, 
bote air-conditioned and not. I have 
come to the conclusion that sleep in 
sleeping cars is not a function of 
travel direction, but of tiredness and 
that lack of anything on my mind to 
keep me awake! 

Yours faithfully, 

c/o 55 Essenden Road, 

South Croydon, Surrey. 





January 6: Today being the Feast of 
Epiphany a Sung Eucharist was held 
in The Chapel Royal, St Janes's 
Palace, when the customary offer- 
ings of Gold. Frankincense and 
Myrrh were made on behalf of the 
Queen by Mr Carron Greig and Air 
Chief Marshal Sir Neville Slack 
(Gentlemen Ushers to Her 

The Bishop of London (Dean of 
Her Majesty' Chapels Royal) was 
the Celebrant and presented the 
Offerings, assisted by the Reverend 
Canon Anthony Caesar (Sub-Dean 

the Chairman of James W. Cooke & 
Co Ltd (Mr Leonard Ray). 

Wing Commander Adam Wise 
was in attendance. 

January 6: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon was present 
this evening at a Concert given by 
Barry Mam low at Wembley Arena 
in aid of the National Association of 
Boys' Clubs. 

Mrs Jane Stevens was in 

of Her Majesty's Chapels Royal) 
and the Reverend William Booth 
(Priest in Ordinary). 

The Queen's Body Guard of the 
Yeoman of the Guard was on duty 
in the Chapel. 

Princess .Anne will open foe 
Institute of London Underwriters 
building, Leadcnhall Street, EC3. on 
April 29. 

The Duchess of Kent wiD attend the 
concerto finals of BBC television's 
“Young Musician of the Year" 
competition at the Free Trade HaU. 
Manchester, on April 24. 


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tester-** * . . • *-• 


January 6: The Prince Andrew, 
Patron of the Jubilee Sailing Trust, 
this morning visited James W. 
Cooke & Co Ltd’s shipyard at 
WIvenhoe. Essex, to view the 
progress of the work on the Sail 
Training Ship Lord Nelson. 

His Royal Highness was rec ei ved 

by Colonel P. H, A L Franklin 
(Deputy Lieutenant far Essex) and 

Birthdays today 

Mr Hunter Davies, SO; Vice-Admi- 
ral Sir John Collins, 87; Mr Gerald 
DurrcU, 61: Sir James Harford, 87; 
Sir Maynard Jenour. 81; Mr Tom 
Kieran, 47; General Sir Gordon 
MacMillan of MacMillan, 89; Sir 
John Page; 71;. Sir Alastair 
PiUtington. FRS. 66; Colonel Sir 
Eric St Johnston, 75; Professor K. 
W. Sykes, 65; Lord Taylor of 
Hadfidd. 81: Air Commodore the 
Hon Sir Peter Vanneck, MEP, 64. 

Admiral Sir Simon Cassels and Lady 

Cassels, who appear to be fairing a 
relaxed drive In an open 1924 Bentley 
in the grounds of the Royal Naval 
College, Greenwich, were, in fact, 
being hauled with rapes by about 20 

naval officers. Sir Simon .was relin- 
quishing his appointment yesterday as 
Admiral President of the Royal Naval 
College, and the battling away was the 
land-based version of the tradition that 
admirals were rowed ashore by their 

senior officers when they gave up their 
command. Admiral Casse ls is being 
succeeded as Chief of Naval Personnel 
and Second Sea Lord, and Admiral 
President at Greenwich, by Admiral 
Sir. Richard Fitch (BUI Warhnrst) 



Dr B. L P. MacGreery 
and die Hob C. M. Shaw 
The engagement is announced 
between Bnan, elder son of the late 
Dr Brian Mac Gieevy and of Mrs 
Mac Grcevy. of Onslow Square, 
London, SW7, and Catriona (Kate), 
second daughter of Lord and Lady 

Mr R. P. Macaamara 
suid Miss M. G. Asquith 

The engagement is announced 
between Rory Patrick, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Carroll Macaamara, of 
Inverchantm House, Ross- shire, 
and Mary Clare, daughter of the late 
Hon Paul Asquith and of Mrs James 
Bayley. ofWittereham, Kent 

Mr B. L. Cooper 
and Mbs D. H. J. Grover 
The engagement is announced 
between Benjamin Lance, son of Mr 
and Mrs W. A Cooper, of 
Sherborne, Dorset, and Deborah 
Helen Jane, daughter of Dr and Mrs 
J. R. Grover, of Tilehurst, 

MrS. A. Jury 

and Miss C- J. Burrooghes 

The engagement is announced 

between Stephen, only son of Mr 

and Mrs G. R. Jury, of Wimbledon, 

London, and Caroline Jane, only 

daughter of Mr and Mrs G. R. 

Burroughcs, of Upper Morion, 


^te£ap P ointm_ente Quema admissions up by 35% 

MrS- W. H. Lacey 
and Miss A. C Wemyss 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, younger son of the 
late Mr H. D. Lacey and of Mrs 
Lacey, of Windsor, Berkshire, and 
Caroline, daughter of Major and 
Mis C G. wemyss, of Upbam, 

Mr P. Holden 
and Miss H. Stainforth 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, younger stepson of 
Mrs A. Hoklen, of Chelmsford, 
Essex, and Hazel, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Graham Slainforth. 
of Wallingford, Oxfordshire. 

By David kewson, Arts Correspondent 

The British Film Year cam- be rfisriiMinfl the idea in a few as persuading the Post Office. to 
paign to restore the flagging weeks, but it will have to be issue stamps bearing portraits of 
fortunes of the domestic cinema something which appeals to the British stars . and an education 
may become a permanent whole of the film industry.'” - programme encouraging the use 
organization after the end of the The campaign employs about of films in schools, are thought 
campaign later this year. . eighteen people full-tune from a to have raised- public awareness. 

uuu jvu*. vipuvi-u |A.vpJV ivu uiuv n miu « 

Film executives arc talking headquarters in Soho in central 

British stars . and an education ; 
programme encouraging theme:; 
of films in schools,, are thought 
to have raised- public awareness^. 
The campaign estimates thatfts- 
free publicity would have cost 

about the organization and London. The unit has far free publicity would have cost 
funding to lake over the exceeded its original aim of £6 million to bay as advertising, 
campaign's woric which- is raising cinema attendances by 4 An independent report. on the 
thought to be largely respan- per cent, helped by poor organization produced, by the 

thought to be largely respon- 
sible for a 35 per cent increase 

organization produced, by- the' 

alUIW IVI H pwi WM »- OUlillUWt YVHUlUil, «& VI 

in cinema admissions in the popular films, and a general 

summer weather, a spate of management consultancy div- 

i J ■_ ■ aC TVln«t*a Urnrlrtrte o«wT 

first 10 months of last year. trend towards leisure pursuits 

The British Film Year has outside the home. 

and Mias S. E. Davenport 
The engagement is announced 
between Tim, eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs John Fooks, of Ticetuim. 
Sussex, and Sarah, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs David Davenport, of 
Horsmonden, Kent. 

Mr A. L Yoalton 
and Miss A. C- Heath 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, son of Mr and 
Mrs E. V. J. You! ion. of Liudfield, 
Sussex, and Alison, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D. J. Heath, of Haywards 
Heath, Sussex. 

Mis Joan Clanchy, aged 46, 
Headmistress of St George’s 
School. Edinburgh, for the past 10 
years, is to be Headmistress of the 
North London Collegiate School in 
succession to Miss Madeline 
McLaochlan, who retired on 
December 31. 

Other appointments include: The 
Rev R. N. Keaward to be honorary 
chaplain to the Queen in succession 
to the Rev T. I Wilson. 


Mr N.J. Gordon 
and Miss E. N. Loasby 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr and 
Mrs Derrick Gordon, of lekenhan^ 
and Nicola, youngest daughter of 
Prebendary and Mrs Harold 
Loasby, of Chelsea. 

Mr M-C. Bellamy 
and Miss N. K. Hammond 

Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo to be 
Governor-General and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of Mauritius from 
January 17. 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, December 14, 1985, at St j 
James’s Church, Teignmouth. 
Devon, between Mr Martin Clifford 
Bellamy, son of Dr and Mrs Frank 
Bellamy, and Miss Nicola Karen 
Hammond, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Dudley Hammond. The 
Rev P. Luff officiated. 

The bride was attended by Miss 
Julia Hammond. Mr Kevin Norrdi 
was best map. 

MrG, J. Hopton 
and Miss M. Orchard 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son of 
the late Mr John Hopton and of Mrs 
John Hopton. of Chute Manor. 
Andover, Hampshire, and 
Mananne. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Peter Orchard, of Willow 
Cottage, Little Haltingbuxy, Essex. 

Captain J. P. W&dejr, RA, 
and Miss C. M. Whitbread 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, third son of 
Squadron Leader and Mrs J. D. 
Wikdey, of Cburchsidc, North 
Woouon, Sherborne, and Carrie, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs H. G 
Whitbread, of Haymans Farm, 
Plaistow, West Sussex. 

Mr R. L. Ormond, aged 45, bead of 
the picture department of the 
National Maritime Museum, to be 
director of the museum in 
succession to Dr Neil Cossons, who 
has bom appointed director of the 
Science Museum. 

organized road shows and Its peri] 
promotional events throughout 
Britain as part of a domestic ■■■ 1 1 ■ ■ ■ 
campaign which ends in March. ■ Weekly 

The foreign programme con- 

tinues until May, with the main 

objective being a strong British 

presence at the Cannes Film January 
Festival. February 

Mr Keith Howes, the organ i- March 
ration's publicity officer, said April 
yesterday. “A lot of meetings May 
are going on about the future Jun* 
but nothing is decided about 
what sort of organization might 
be the result or how it would be 


"Our steering committee will ______ 

Its peripheral activities, such 

Weekly cinema admissions 



ision of Deloitte Haskins and 
Sells, supports the organiza- 
tion’s claims of success, al- 
though it criticizes it for setting: 
over-ambitous objectives and 
for being confused about them. 

But the report concludes: “It 
is our opinion . . . that the 
industry should seek to consoli- 
date the recent achievements of 

























a permanent successor. 

“In the context of a flourish- 
ing film and dnema market, an 
effective publicity machine 
could do much to maintain the 
recent rise in cinema attendanc- 
es. Such a body would thus 
contribute to the future of the 
British film and dnema indus- 

Church news 


TTiB R«v Dr R Anca-SMlb. MDktr carala. 
Klnsoo sc Andrew, diocese c t SMunary. la 


be vicar, s John (be Baptist. Westwood. 

diocese of Coventry. 

The Rev N E BaB. curate. Si Mary 
Moseley, and Chaplain. Centre 13, diocese 
of Btnnhnham. to be vicar. St Michael and 
Ad Angeh. Bartlnr Oraen. mm dtocoe. 

The Rev T P Heeded. Vicar. Dwertdoe . 
and narr-oine director of Chnetten 
stewBfdahlp. dloceee of Derby, to be InU- 
ttme Mrecwr of Christian stewardship, 
same diocese. 

Canon C Berry turn. Vicar. St Ptun. 
Qiorety dtocese Of BlaCMHUU. to be ^Ocar. 
St Otadnk PadmfeTOAi same d an k 
The Rev D Dredge, team Vicar. Bicester 

Mr A. M. Clark 
and Mias L. Lloyd Owen 
The marriage took place at tbc Dean 
Row Unitarian Chapd. Wilmslow, 
on Saturday. December 21. 1985, 
between Mr Mark Clark, second son 
of Mr and Mrs Ernest R. Clark, of 
Cardiff, and Miss Louise Lloyd 
Owen, only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Roger Lloyd Owen, of Dean Row, 
Wmrulow, Cheshire. The Rev 
Penelope Laws officiated. 

The bride was given away by her 
father ' and attended by Miss 
Cbtfaerine Greene. Mr John Moor- 
house was the best man. 


Mr Michael Polvennacher, a 
solicitor in private practice in 
Taunton, to be a member of fee 
Legal Aid Advisory Committee. 

City of London School 

with BucknatL CslwndcM and laonton. 
dtocese of Oxford, is be Vknc. North 
BrtctoitB andPutnoe. diocese of et An 

Protection promise 
for Stonehenge 

Bramn and Pumoe. diocase of si Albam. 

The Rev J Drew. nrieat-hHhanN. 
UfTord. and OasUn at St Audry*B , 
HospBaL Metton. dio ce se of St Bdtmmds- 

English Heritage said yesterday that 
it would “protect" Stonehenge if 
there was any risk of a hippy 
invasion in the summer. 

The ancient monuments organi- 
zation said nobody would be 
allowed into the stone circle for the 
traditional summer celebrations if 
too many turned up. 

' ovciWtfrtof BiedilMd.aamedlorree 

The Rev H V Edwards. Vkar. Iteydon. 
dl o rwe of Bt EdmnmKbury iMi iieldi . to 

Spring Term begins today and ends 
on March 27. Entrance and 
scholarship examinations will be 
bekl on February 3, 4 and 5. The 
joint concert win be given in the 
Barbican Hall on Sunday, March 9 
(tickets available from the school): 
and there wifi be four performances 
of the school play, Love's Labour's 
Lost, on the evenings of March 19 
and 22. Applications for sixth-form 
scholarships and places 1 should be 
made by February 14. ' 

be flfao pTMat-hi-ctiaiBB. Btythburah. and 
Chaplain to BVUM||b Hospital. «a nw 

_ Thg . Vgry Rev. P EmctL Don of St 
CtMw^CHbtdnL Jerusalon. to bo prtast- 
In-Charm. Si Paul’s. COveut Garden, 
dlocav of London. 

Friern BametGrammar 

Science report 

Rare shrub reintroduced to island 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Scientists from the Royal Botanic 
Gardens at Kew have ensured the 
survival of a Bear-extinct rare 
phut on St Helena In a project to 
protect the remote south Atlantic 
island's fragile soils from further 

The success of the “green glue” 
project could, they believe, offer 
hope far arid land conservation in 
Ethiopia and other African 

The last surviving specimen of a 
plant known on St Helena as 
bastard gum wood ( Coaamdad 
mm rotundifolmm) had been 
rescued by Mr Simon Good- 
cnough, a hortieidlurbi and one of 
the garden supervisors at Kew. 

He had to o verc om e Us gear of 
heights and lower himself on ropes 
down a efiff an the bland to reach 
the plant, a farm of tree daisy. 

Tbe large shrub had played an 
Important part in holding dawn 
erosion-prone slopes on part of the 

bland’s coastal zone, bed It was 
reduced to near-e xtin ction by more 
than a centary of overgrazing and 
other factors. 

Mr Goodenoagh took the 
solitary specimen back from the 
south Atlantic to Kew for intensive 
care and propagation with a view 
to rel n trodncdon under a careful 
programme of protection of the 
island’s aofi. 

Two years have passed since 
then, and there are now more than 
1,000 of the plants growing on St 
Helena, proving that some rare 
endemic plants can become re- 
estaWistel, even in the most 
barren landscapes. 

“In effect such plants ghw the 
brad together", Mr Goodenongh 
said. “They hold the soD together 
in their mesh of deep roots and 
create a microclimate which hdps- 
otber plants and fartifity- 
enhtnripg soil microbes to get 

' Mr Goodenoagh believes simi- 
lar projects could help countries 
such as Ethiopia. “What we are 
looking at Is the key to how people 
survived for centuries la marginal 
lands", he said. 

“Conservation in many areas 
has not been effective because we 
have not looked at the overall 
ecological system.” 

Mr Grenville Lncas, keeper of 
the herbarium at Kew, said: “If St 
Helena has taught m one thing, it 
is that we ora win, and it doesn't 
take massive amounts of money to 
stick down sand drams and stop 
landslips and finally bring land 
back to fertility. 

“But it does take common sense 
and reapplying the techniques that 
have made brad usable far 
thousands of years." 

Source: International Union for 
Conservation of Nature and 
Natural Resources press service. 
Gland, Switzerland. 

Spring Term begins today. Boys 
wishing to enter the school ra 
S ep te mber 1986, at age eleven, 
should sh the entrance examination 
on Friday, January 10, 1986. This 
term’s school charity is War on 
Warn. Term ends on March 27. 

Carmel College 

Spring Term begins today. The 
Jewish Memorial Council Confer- 
ence for Jewish pupils' at public 
schools takes place on March 2. 
There will be a reunion luncheon for 
former pupils on Sunday, February 
23; any leavers from the years 1964 
and 1965 who haw not received 
invitations to this event by January 
'30 should contact Mr Tony Barr- , 
-Taylor at the college: OCA Day i 
takes place on March 16. The drama : 
society presents The Importance , 
Being Earnest on March 17 and 18. 
The J. P. Abrahams awards wffl be ! 
held during the day of March 18. | 
Term ends on March 19. 

Girls’ Public Day 
School Trust 

Spring Term for the twenty-four 
schools -of the Girts' Public Day 

School Trust will b e gi n this week; 
half-term wffl be during the week of 

February 17. Mrs Kathleen Irving 
has been appointed Headmistress of 

Birkenhead High School as from 
September 1986 on the retirement 

September 1986 on the retirement 
of Miss Freda KeDetL 

St Dunstan’s College 

Lent Term begins today and ends 
on Wednesday, March 26. exeax 
being from February IS to 19. Ian 
Taoeman is head of schooL 
Productions by the dramatic society 
of The ilsit wifi be on March 5, 6 
and 7 and the pr ep ara tory depart- 

Monmouth School for 

Spring Term brains today and ends 
March 26- Half-Term will be from 
February 14 to 20. The entrance and 
scholarship examination will be on 
February I. The annual eisteddfod 
will . be bn March ' 5. A c a re er s 
convention will be held on. March 
14. On March 15 the netball and 
lacrosse teams- win. play against our 
sister Haberdashers’ schools at 
Elstree. A party of pupils, will, visit 
Haberdashers’ Hall on March 19. 
On March 20 tbc Master of the 
Haberdashers’- Company and ac- 
companying deputation will visit 
the school. 

merit’s production of Sweeney Todd 
will be on March 24 and 25. The 
entrance and scholarship examin- 
ations win take place on February 4, . 

Holmewood School 

Law Report January 7 1986 

Spring .Term starts today. The 
school production dt Joseph and. his 
Amazing Tcchnicobur Dreamcaai 
win be held on March 14 and 15. 
After last term’s centenary reunion, 
Hobnewood is compiling a register 
of students prior to 1955, and would 
welcome details as appropriate. 
From April we shall be admitting 
boys to a -reception class from the 
a^of41 l !i. 

Kent College, Canterbury 

Term starts today and ends on 
Thursday, March 27. Johanna 
Murphy continues as head giri, and 
Nicholas Barker remains- head boy 
and captain of boys’ hockey. Alison 
Moore is captain of girls’ hockey. 
Work has started on the third sta g? 
of the centenary development 
programme, which will give the 
school new- laboratories and class- 
rooms. The entrance examination 
takes place on Wednesday. February 
12. Academic scholarships and 
music scholarships are available for 
boarders and day pupils, together 
with fee-paying places. Twelve 
assisted places are also available and 
bursaries are also offered for 
children in boarding need. The Old 
Canterburians’ hockey reunion, and 
evening service are . ' on Sunday, 1 


Hollywood character a 

. Una Merkel, the .American 
film actress, has died - ut Los 
Angeles at the age of 82: ; ’ • 

A romid-feced. largS-eyeo 
blonde, she got her ch ance m 
films because of her resem- 
blance to the great silent star. 
Lillian Gish, and was her stand- 
in in two D.W. Griffith pictures 

of tire early 1920s, Way Dawn 
East and The White-Rose. 

In - 1924. MerkcL tad the 

. leading : part \ in „The . Fifth 
Horseman, but the film made 
little impact and for the nest 
.few years she concentrated on 
the stage and appeared in 
several prod uct i ons on 
Broadway. v . ■ 

Her cinema come-back came 
in 1930 when she was cast as 
Ann Rutledge opposite Walter 
Huston in Griffith’s Abmhant 
Lincoln, and in 1933 she was in ' 
the musical 42nd Street. 

During foe 1930s - rite 
appeared in dozens of films, 
sometimes as a comic lead with 
Harold Lloyd and others, but 
more often in Supporting . rotes 
as the heroine’s wisecracking 
girlfriend. In 1939 she took pari 
in a memorable saloon brawl 
with Marlene Dietrich in the 
comedy Western, Destry Rides 

She was with .Bob Hope and 


42nd Street 

Bing Crosby in one of the early 
“Road" pjctnre s, - R oad to 
Zanzibar, and continued to 
make films until well into foe 
1960s. The most notable of her ‘ 
later roles was as 'Geraldine 
Page's mother in -the. 1961 
screen, verson of Tennessee 
Williams’s play. Summer and 
Sntoke.- , 

She won a Tony, award 
for her performance in^ '■■foe 
Broadway show, The Ponder 
Heart, in I9S6 l 


Professor E. A. Vincent writes: 

Professor Francis John 
Tomer, one of the most 
distin^ui5bed petro legists of his 
generation, died on December 
21 in Berkeley, California, aged 
81. . 

Bom. and educated in New 
Zealand, Turner remained at 
foe University of Otago until 
■the end of the war. He made 
signal ' contribiktions to the 
understanding : of New Zealand 
geology. particularly the 
me&amorphfo rocks, fold, at the 
same time, acquired an cncydo- 
paedic knowledge of current 

PC in > h^moyed to the 
University of California in 
j Berkeley where he was .to 
remain for the rest of his life. 
His research concentrated' on 
the processes of rack meta- 
morphism in which field be 
pioneered the application cif 
thermodynamics fold reaction 
kinetics on a time-scale incon- 
ceivably long to foe traditional 

Tomer's special interest in 
raetamorphic rocks once 
prompted his wife’s reply when 
, asked at a cocktail partygiven for 

ah international co n fere nce of 

child psychologists about her 
husband's professional interests; 

“maladjusted maibtes”. 

Turner was a dedicated and 
inspiring teacher. He paid two 
lengthy visits to Oxford in the 
1970s as a guest in foe 
Department of Geology and 
Mineralogy and VrsitingFakiw 
of Bhasenose.^ \ gjvk* ' superb 
lectures and seminars and 
spending, much ' time' with 
research Students. 

He was author or co-author 
of several textbooks stiQ used 
foe world over. • 

Many honours camehis Way, 
aitirtrig them -the IM Medal of 

of foe USA ford the Hector 
Medal of foe Royal Society of 

New Zealand of which be was a 

In October 1985 foe 
Mmeralogical Society of 
America awarded its former 
President ift highest honour. 
by then too HI to anead foe 
c e rem ony but the medal was 
toought to. his hospital bed by a 
group of coBeagoes: a touching 
gesture. . 


. Mr John Desmond Cronin. 
FRCS. , Labour member of 
Parliament, for the Lough- 
borough division of Leicester- 
shire from 1955 to 1979, has 
been fonhd dead near his home 
in Hampshire It is belieyed 
that he may have had a heart 
attack after felling from his 
horse. He was 69. He was 
Opposition Whip ih the" Com- 
mons from 1959 to 196Z 

Bora ;oa March 1,' 1916, he 
was the son of John. Patrick 
Cronin. He was educated ax 
London University, and in 1939 
became MRCS, LRCP. The 
following Jfear he passed his 
MB, B& (Loudon) and in 1947 
qualified as FRCS (En g land) . 

He - was house surgeon at St 
Bartholomew's Hospital in 
1 939-1940, vand Surgeon EMS 
at the Royal Free Hospital in 
1941-1942.;- He served daring 

the war in the RAMC from 
1942-1946 ih the campaigns id 
Kama, Ftiraocand -Germany as 
a surgical <p er.iidfrt ; 

Cronin joined the Labour 
party in 1947, and for a time 
was adviser- on industrial 
iqjuries to a number of trade 
unions. From 1947 to 1951 he 
was orthonaetfic surgeon at foe 
Prince of Wales’s Hospital, and 
in 1948 was appointed to a 
simSar post at the French 

He was made a Chevalier of 
the . Legion of Honour in I 960 
and an Officierin 1967. 

He was vree^feahman of the 
North St Pancras Labour Party 
ra 1950, ami was a member of 
the LCC from 1952 to 1955. 

He married, in 1941, Cora, 
daughter of Rowland Mumby- 
CrarL There were one son and 
two daughters of foe marriage. 


Sir John Howard, FICE, who 
died on January 2 at the age of 
84, foumfed the firm of John 
Howard -and Company, FLC, 
civil engineering contractors in 
1927. He was chairman and 
managing director of' that 
concern from that year until 
1982 and from 1982 tad been 

After schooling at Bedford he 
Studied at Enfo Techni cal 
College. Having proved-his flair 
for ad min istration and enter- 
prise in the creation ofhis own 
firm he began to tala: a dose 
interest' m politics in what were, 
for most Conservatives, foe 
grim years of 1946-47. 

His gifts were' soon recog- 
nized and he became chairman 
of the Eastern area of the 
Conservative and Unionist 
Association, treasurer and then 
president. He was appointed 
chairman of the' 'National 
Union of foe party in 1962 and 

in that year presided over foe 
Conservative Conference at 

His political interests did not 
impede - the . progress of his 
company which tad down the 
foundations for the Forth Road 
Bridge and the Severn 'Bridge. 

Howard was not slow to see 
the significance of tho beetle for 
a third London airport and 
became chairman ot Thames 
Estuary Development, a group 
which induded civil engineer- 
ing and property companies, 
Southend Corporation, Shell 
and Rio Tinto 2Snc. This body 
believed that Foulness could be 
developed as an airport and a 
seaport. ■'-*■' 

Howard was : kni ghte d in 

1954: He was a Deputy 
lieutenant for Bedfordshire. He 
married in 1931 Margaret 
Mary, daughter of H. E Kemp. 
They had three softs and a 


False name merely preparatory to offence 

Regina t Widdowson 

Before Lord Justice Ackner, Mr 
J ustice Drake arid Mr Justice SaviHe 
[Judgment delivered December 19} 

A man who provided a false 
name and address on a form used 
for inquiries to be made whether he 
was creditworthy for hire-purchase 
was not guilty of attempting to 
obtain services by deception. 

Tbe Court of Appeal so held in 
giving reserved reasons for having 
allowed an appeal by Stanley 
Widdowson, aged 37, a denning 
contractor, of Thetford, against 
conviction after a two-day trial at 
Bury St Edmunds Crown Court 
(Judge Turner and a jury). He was 
sentenced to three months' 
imprisonment suspended for a year, 
fined £ 1 00 and ordered to pay costs. 

Mr R. D. Roebuck, assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Appeals, 
for the appellant; Mr Graham 
Parkins for the Crown. 

1129), a hire-purchase agreement in 
ordinary form could pot properly be 
described as credit facilities. 

the judgment of the court, said that, 
on tbe authority of R r Gartidc 
«1958) 42 Cr App R 141) and R v 
Miller (Simon) (11977] l WLR 

On making such a hire-purchase 
agreement the finance company did 
not give any credit to the hirer. It 
hired out foe goods to the hirer, who 
usually bad options either to 
purchase on paying all instalments, 
or to terminate foe agreement at any 

The indichnent particulars in- 
cluded foe words “credit facilities to 
assist in the purchase (of a car)”. 
They were not snpponed by any 
evidence led at the hearing. No 
application to amend foe indict- 
ment was made. It was conceded 
that, if that was the correct analysis 
- as their Lordships so held - then 
foe indictment was bad and the 
conviction could not stand. 

Their Lordships rejected the 
suggestion that foe obtaining of foe 
hire-purchase agreement could not 
amount to tbe obtaining of services. 
In R v Halol (unreported July 15, 
1982, CA) the court brio that a 
mortgage advance could not be 
described as a service. A hire- 
purchase agreement was not 

indistinguishable. , 

Tbe hire-purchasing of a vehicle 
on ordrnarv terms could be regarded 
as foe conferring of some benefit by 
doing some act. or causing or 
permitting an act to be done, on the 
understanding that the benefit had 
been or would be paid far, that 
being foe definition of services in 
section 1(2) of the Theft Act 1978. 

The finance company conferred a 
benefit by delivering possession of 
foe vehicle to foe hirer - or causing 
or pwmitrin g foe garage to do so - 
on the understanding that the hirer 
had or -would pay a deposit and 
subsequent instalments. 

As to the evidence of attempt: 
there was no evidence ofan attempt 
to commit the crime alleged within 
foe meaning pf section 1(1) of the 
Criminal Attempts Act 1981. At 
most all font the appellant had done 
actually was to attempt to ascertain 
whether- as not bis neighbour was 
creditworthy in the sense of being 
acceptable to the finance company 
as a prospective hire-purchaser. 

It was not suggested that, a 
favourable reply from the finance 
company could have constituted the 
obtaining of services within the 
meaning of the Theft Act, if only 
because there was no question of 

payment being made fas such - a 


It could not be said that the 
appellant's act in giving false 
particulars could have been more 
than merely _ preparatory to_ the 
obtaining of hire-purchase 

If the finance company had 
responded favourably to - the 
proposal, it still remained for the 
appellant to seek a hire-purchase 
deal from them. It was that , step 
which would have constituted an 
attempt to obtain the services relied 

If one asked, whether the 
appellant had carried out every step 
which it was necessary for him to 
perf or m to achieve the conse- 
quences alleged to have been 
attempted, the answer had to be that 
be had not Equally, his acts could 
not be described as immediately 
rather than merely remotely 
connected with the specific offence 
aliened to have been attempted. 
Whichever test was applied the acts 
of the appellant could not reason- 
ably be described 'as more than 
merely p re para tory. 

Solicitors: Mr M- F. t Haivey, 

Patricia Belle Lacey; of Dorkint 
underwriting member of Lloyds, left 

underwriting, member of Lloyds, left 
estate valued of £ 1^63,030 net. She 
left £200,000. or 25% of her 
residuary estate, whichever the less, 
equally b e t wee n the RNLI and the 
Cheshire Foundation. 

Gladys Annie Myth, of Sonthsea. 
left £82.528 net. She left all of her 
relate equally between the Arthritis 
and •Rheumatism Council and 
British Heart Foundation. 

* Other estates include (net, before 
tax paid): 

Cable, Mr John Derrick Maurice, of 

Borth. Dyfed ^£640,390 1 

Forbes, Mr John Henry, of Sutton. : 

Forbes, Mr John Henry, of Sutton, 

Surrey, solicitor £426,781 

Lanscrotim, Mr Nathan, of Hack- 
neyJLondon, and ofBclttm. Norfolk 

.- ! — ;_£284,439 j 

McPfauT, Mr Robert * Thomas 
Mitchell, of .Tadworth, Surrey, 

chartered accountant .£295^698 

Moriey, Mr Reginald Jacob, of 
Newmarket ; — £358£63 

Mr John Ewart Mam ham 
CMG, MG, TD, Ambassador to 
Tunisia from 1973 to 1975, died 
on December 28 at the age of 

The son of Colonel AJL 
Maraham, MC, he was edu- 
cated at Mill H3I and Jesus 
College, Cambridge. He joined 
the Colonial Office in 1938. 
a. He served with the British 
Expeditionary Force in Trance 
ra 1939-40 and with the British 
Army of Liberation in 1944-45. 
He was awarded a Military 
Cross in 1944 and for his 
service was mentioned in 

He tooka doae interest in the 
Territorial Army was linden- 
ant-Colonel 353 (London) 
Medium Regiment, RA (TA) 
from 1954 to 1957. He was 

awarded fee Ter ri torial Decor- 
ation ini 949. 

He was promoted Assistant 
Under-Secretary of Slate at- the 
Consul-General in Johannes- 

bum from 1967 to 1970. 
From 1977 to 1981 fa 

From 1977 to 1981 he was a 
Cleric in the Committee Office 
of the- House of Commons. In 
1955 he was made CMG. . . 

He married in 1944 Susan, 
elder daughter of Walter Foster 

They. had. two sons 


••• Sir Lincoln Steel, who. died From lOAt «n 
on December 27 at tbe age of 
85, was chairman of Tnolex- 

Educated at Cbrisf s Howrital nZw 
and St John's CoBegtThdord. SSTSS™*.™ 

® ch ? 1 * r * FBI from 1950 t 

he joined Brunner Mond in 

.1922 ate war servide in the 

Royal Engineers. He was made 
managing rfirector of the Alkali 
division of ICI in 1942 antf in. 
the following ycar chairmani he 
was a dtiwitor of Id from 1945 


New 12 p stamps for Scotland, Wafes, and Northern Ireland 
wUch wfll be on sale from today. The emeraM meen stamps 
show (from left) the Scottish Lon, the Hand of Ulster, and 
7 - the Welsh Dragon. , 

From l963 to 1965 he was 
pica dent of the International 
Citron bq of Conmietce and 
from the latter .year honorary 
president. lie was chairman of 
ffie oyerseas committee of the 
FBI from 1950 to 1965 and a 
m erno er of. the council of 4 he 
Confederation ofBritish Indos- 
tnm from 1965 to 1968. 
o He tad been a Justice of the 
Cheshire and for 
^c kmgfomptfiir c. He was 
knitted-in 1965. ■ 

He was twice married. - 

i V >■ 

■- * *»*i^*^ * * 
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l-n , 

.. -7 j y. 

is barking 

Uriiair qpss-^ubgsfizaaion. and compel . voted- .tbe . , ch«^e in . government 
lilionin the £6mpuief and telecom- thinking and inspired the relaxation of 
morrieatfons Victor became -a key issue • - the^uIeSL'- BefiSfe 'dial proposal, such 
last week when govwnineot industrial .- management networks were 
advisers grid tire -telephone industry *efaifcdy- ’the .province . of the telecom- 
watchdog. OffeL. disclosed their plans municaaons operators, British Tdecom 
to cur&ihe.abuses. - - . . : 5\aadMerdny. 

Cross-sujbsidizalion, wherertiie m#n, - ' The change had also been inspired by 
commercial activilyofa company^' J the response of the industry ro tire 
used to ftntT -a secondary - arid less 


profitable activity* is in issrit which. 

Oftel has -long been wameefabout. ti st ' 
week, however, it disclosed that it was 
watching British Telcconi - and was 
making plans- - to ensure^ -:that the 

corporation was not able to cro&^u&si- , , 

"iw» p^ai.thatIBH»>d British Telecom 

The new attitude of Oftdwas 
inspired by the Government's decision 

; By Bill Johnstone 



to relax the licensing arrangements -for . 
value - added ; network*^’ allowing -a-, 
blanket, licence to a range' of categories 
which will include data ^management 
services. The new proposals were 
enhancements- of a much criticized 
document July. . . 

Representation since then, has pro- 

should join forces to offer 
management - network. The 
partnership provoked a lot oflnttemess 
in the computer industry. Manyzrgued 
that the dommaat position of the two 
groups would make it virtually 
impossible fix’ others to compete: The 
critics were also- unhappy that the 
technical standards for intearcoiQiDiiiri- 
cation of computers would be thai -of 

ibm. . - .«v- ;/ 

..It was the first major issue to be 
‘ looked at by OfteL It recommended 
that British Telecom should be 
prevented from making the alliance. 
The Government agreed and the union 
was stopped. It did, however, inspire 
government advisers' to look at data 
management networks and . consider 
some method of .relaxing the con- 
straints. ‘ . 

-Last week's paper was a relaxation. It 
not only made it easier for the operator 
of. -such data networks to obtain 
approval - a class licence embracing aO 
these r networks Should be available 
' from August and is meant to cover a 
.period of 12 years - but sought to 
protea the weak embryonic companies. 
The Government expects an avalanche 
of ' applications for new • computer 
services. About 180 -operators in the 
UK now.ofier a whole range of value 
added services, from electronic mail to 
telephone answering systems. These 
' services total about 650. Data manage- 
- irienf services are expected to increase 

But there are problems on how to 

devise a mechanism guaranteeing fair 
competition. The Government pro- 
posal wilt 

• offer a single class of licence for all 
except post -and telecommunications 
operators to cover new services; 

• reduce the existing distinctions 
between what can be done by these 
telecommunications operators and 
those warning to offer the data VANS; 

• liberalize the. basic conveyancing 
services - transmission and carriage of 
data, except by voice and telex; 

• create a procedure and mechanism 
to ensure that each operator had the 
same fair chance to offer such 
computer services- 

- Certain companies - and -the 
proposals suggest those with £50 
milli on turnover overall or £1 million 
annually from data services - will need 
to justify with Oftel their pricing policy. 
They will be severely constrained in 
their activities and wiff not be allowed 
to offer these computer data services 
cheaply to customers as an inducement 
for them to buy the group's main items 
of business. 

By Richard Sanson ' 

In a speech by President 
Mitterrand last month to the 
Academic franc&ise. to mark the 
350th anniversary . of that 
protector of the. French lan- 
guage. he asked: “Must we 
translate into. English all the 
commands we give machines?" 
He sees the rule of English- in 
computer science as a long-term - 
threat to the French language. - 

Although the. British and the 
Americans deign to translate the 
technical manuals into French, 
and the other ma jor languages.- 
and sometimes even allow the 
software to respond in French, 
the commands given by the user 
to the machine remain solidly 
in English. 

. This is because any change of. 
word can create a chain reaction . 
of further - changeS to the 
program. In one program, for 
example, the user gives com- 
mands by pressing -the initial 
letter of the words. In the 
English version' “Window" had 
to be translated, ; but not as 
“Fenetre”. because the F had 
been taken.' up by..; another 
command "Formal'*. So. the 
translator chose "HuMot*%_ 
which means “port-hole''. 1 

Another —problem is that 
French words tend to be longer' 
than En glish. This creates 
difficulties on screens . where 
space is tight. Often translators 
have to redesign whole screens! 
because Ranch takes np 25 per 
cent more space. - 

Programs which sort inform 
mation have to berewrittea so 

Balzac muf Mitterrand: Adkhto Le Software 

that wprds with accents come m 
the right order, and French 
keyboards ara not the.fhmiliar 
qwihty layout, but stzeriy. 

Software, has not only to be 
translated; but “cnltaralized”. 
Tire - plain exercise in the. 
English tutorial manual for one 
-worn-- processor is- the first 
.chapter of Genesis. For Catholic 
France, this Was unacceptable, 
arid was replaced by an extract 
ofJbnwtrrsLe Petit Prince. . 

Psion Ltd, the software house 
- which wrote the Xchange suite 

antncllJOim Per Desk. decided, 

wben it ^started marketing in 

Epoce, that to be^sncoessful, its 
’tnriy nactiye”; and; its manual*: 

“should be as epjoyaoie as 
Balzac 1 *. 

To. hire a fangiwg B graduate 
and hope , for the best would not 
achieve this so Psion went to 
Linguasoft, a. subsidiary of 
Iriteriingoa/TTI, the largest 
translating agency in the world. 
French nationals, who are also 
computer professionals, did the 

When . Psion . released the 
programs in France in June, the 
French computer press gave 
them rave reviews, particularly 
because the commands, much 
to their surprise, were in 
French. So a British software 
house and translation agency 
had already gone some way to 
answering ^President ..Mitter- 
rand's appeal to the Acadfemie. 

Rambo punches his way 
into the No 1 slot 

. By Matthew May 
Home computer owners are in 
for a violent new year, judging 
by the latest software chart 
released by Galhip covering the 
sales of home computer pro- 
grams in the run up to 
Christmas. • • 

Four of the top six sellers foil 
into the fast expanding new 
category of combat games 
where the beating up and killing 
of humans replaces the once 
popular annihilation of alien 
spaceships. . 

The two top selling games, 
Rambo and Commando, have 
heavily outsold the rest of the 
top 10 programs. But with the 
exception erf 1 the heavily adver- 
tised Rambo, the "official 
computer game of the box- 
office No 1 smash hit**, the 
belief by some software firms 
that the licensing of characters 
from - film, televisions and 
books would provide the road 
to high sales has been proved 

Despite ■ a whole host of 

computer spin-offs ranging 
from the "game" of the horror 
film Friday 13th to the com- 
puter version of the soap opera 
Dallas, few made it even into 
the top 100. 

It is only in sport that 
character licensing seems to 
have done the trick with Steve 
Davis Snooker, Daley Thomp- 
son's Super Test and Frank 
Bruno’s Boxing all making it to 
the top 40. 

Overall, computer software 
sales were satisfactory rather 
than spectacular with sales up 
two-and-half times during the 
Christmas period on tire aver- 
age for the rest of the year, an 
increase similar to that for the 
record industry. Sales of budget 
software, with a price closer to 
£2 than the average £9. in- 
creased five-fold. 

Sales of software by brand of 
computer were Spectrum, 36 
percent; Commodore 64. 29 per 
cent; Amstrad. 9 per cent; 
Commodore 16, 7 ft per cent; 
BBC, 7 ft per cent; and the 
Electron, 4 per cent. 

Top posts at MBS 

One of the few publicly quoted take up their new posts in mid- 
IBM PC distributors has lured January 
two IBM UK directors to lead aivc Meharis the group’s 
its management team, writes , . . . . . 

DavidGuest. Micro Business chairman, said the appomt- 
Systems has appointed Stafford tnents were necessary to man- 
Taylor as group chief executive; age the growth the company 
and Owen Wflfiams becomes anticipates in the next five 
deputy chairman. They will years. 

- itryadroccQu^iocm 

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' Niikine uudri'lH udmiucd . T?/i 

Now you can’t read all about it 

By David Guest 

Fleet Street is not the only 
publishing battlefield as 1986 
dawns. The computer trade 
press casualty lists include 
august names. Some titles have 
been dosed, some are being cut, 
aid one has changed hands. . 

IPOs economies have been 
particularly sweeping, but in the 
computer field its main trans- 
action concerns the monthly 
Your Computer. This has 
passed into the' hands of 
Richard Hease, an entrepreneu- 
rial publisher whose track 
record includes the resounding 
crash of a micro supplier called 
Prism. . 

East Midlands Allied Press 
(EMAP) has dosed Computing 
Age and QL User, and has 
declared redundancies for the 
first time in its compmer- 

VNU plans staff cuts on two 
monthly titles. What Micro? 
and MicroDecision. Its inten- 
tions towards the magazine 
supplement that accompanies 
hs flagship publication. Com- 
puting. are more obscure. 

Two of the casualties 
At first the . magazine was to 
be produced monthly by a 
substantially reduced staff in 
the new year, but thh has been 
revised to weekly publication by 
a slightly reduced staff. 

A shake-out in the computer 
press had been predicted for 
many years and there is a 
certain logic in the current 
series of tremors. If the trade 
press faithfully represents the 
computer trade, there are bound 
to be casualties at the end of a 
year like 1985. 

But from a publisher’s point 
of view the worrying feature of 
the microcomputer market is 
the way that Christmas has 
become a watershed. 

At the home-computer end of 
the market the significance of 
Christmas, where a 'splurge of 
buying is followed fay a lean 
January . and February, is 
obvious. But the list of casu- 
alties includes business titles, 
and for them, too, the end of the 
year is important. 

■ According to research from 
companies such as Olivetti, 
large purchasers of micros tend 
to do the bulk of their buying in 
November and December - for 
the publishers, this represe nts a 
wave that must be ridden to 
tide them over the gloomy days 
of January, February and the 

But ft is not all gloom and 
doom. There has been a 
proliferation of Amstrad titles 
and Haymaiket is sustaining 
two MSX titles against enor- 
mous odds. 

This year will also see new 
publications from EMAP, ftuey 
Doyle and others. 

Instant print-out at the Yard 

By John Iamb 

The painyfoVing tank of match- 
ing fingerprints found by police 
during investigations with those 
of known, criminals may soon 
be a thing of the past- The 
Home -Office is experimenting 
with a new type of computer in 
an attempt to .create a national 
database of fingerprints that can 
be used to identify pri n ts found 
at the scene of a crime. 

Scotland Yard already has a 
computer : .system containing 
50,000 . digitised prints of 
criminals in the London area, 
but the ripnpment is too slow 
for big national searches. It 
could take 20 days to carry out a 
major search of the 3ft million 

sets of fingerprints of known 
criminals beld by the police, 
using the existing system. 

The three minicomputers and 
six vector processors, machines 
designed to carry out repetitive 
mathematical calculations, that 
are used to encode fingerprints 
and match new prints with 
those on file, cost £600,000. 
Photographs of fingerprints are 
encoded using an optical scan- 
ner, which turns the image into 
a series of binary digits. 

To cut the amount of data 
that has to be stored for each set 
of 10 prints and to speed up the 
matching process, the encoding 
system identifies the . direction 
of the lines on each print and 


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After discarding lines that are 
not critical in identifying a 
fingerprint, the system records 
the information, which occupies 
about 1,000 bytes of storage for 
each print. The process takes 35 
seconds for each fingerprint. 

Fingerprints are matched by 
two miniedmputers and five 
vector processors that scan 
through the encoded prints 
looking for similarities with an 
unknown print. The system can 
carry out 20 comparisons each 

The Home Office’s Scientific 
Research and Development 
Branch has commissioned a 
systems company called Smith 
Associates to build a much 
faster system using the Trans- 
puter, a 32-bit microprocessor 
made by Inmos and designed 
for use in parallel computers. 

Parallel computers contain 
arrays of processors which work 
simultaneously on different 
parts of a larger computing task. 
By next summer Smith Associ- 
ates expects to deliver a 
prototype system consisting of 
an encoder with 16 Transputers 
and a matcher with 100 
Transputers. A full-blown 
national system would need 
over l ,000 Transputers. 

• The prototype matcher, oper- 
ating at a rate of 500 compari- 
sons per second, will consist of 
an array of interlinked Trans- 
puters. The Transputers will 
each be given a copy of the data 
that reprerents a mat and then 
search the files of prints 
independently of one another. 

Edited by Matthew May 

PCs set 

in 1986 

By Geof Wheelwright 
After the blackest year since the 
personal computer business 
began, new products are on the 
horizon from Apple, Acorn, 
Sony and there are rumoured 
launches from IBM, Atari and 

But- many of these plans 
involve relatively safe redesigns 
of existing computers - evol- 
utionary, rather than revolution- 
ary, products which, say their 
manufacturers, offer an "up- 
grade path” to existing com- 
puter users. 

On January 16 Apple will 
announce the Mac Plus com- 
puter - ostensibly the result of a 
running battle between Apple's 
founder, and now ex-chairman, 
Steve Jobs, and the marketing 
man he brought in, John 
Scnlley. now head man at 

The existing Macintosh 
computer - introduced two years 
ago - could not be expanded 
easily and did not conform to 
many existing computer hard- 
ware standards, notably those 
set down by IBM. It was a 
popular design that many 
manufacturers copied* but not 
many business computer users 
bought rL 

The new machine is more a 
product of Scnlley's market- 
orientation and is expected to 
feature more comparer memory 
(RAM), operate Cuter end be 
easier to add things to - as well 
as operating much more happily 
beside machines built by IBM. 
If the Mac redesign is a success, 
it win complete what has been 
quite a dramatic taEn-aromid by 
Apple - which started 1985 in 
serious difficulties and ended 
the year back in profit despite 

But Apple is not as desperate 
as the British Acorn Computers 
for such a reversal of trends. 
The Cambridge-based maker of 
home and educational com- 
puters had to be fianrially 
rescued twice by the Italian 
Olivetti firm last year. Acorn 
will announce today a tether 
development of the BBC micro- 
computer which it hopes will 
staunch speculation that the 
BBC might award its computer 
contract elsewhere and prolong 
the life of the technically 
praised machine which has 
suffered heavy criticism re- 
cently. and a resultant drop in 
sales, about its hi gh price. 

Sony, long a supplier of 
popular components to the 
computer industry, but never a 
force in the manufacture of 
personal computers, will an- 
nounce today its plans to enter 
the UK market with a mobile 
computer. Sony's own 3-5 inch 
computer disc drives will _ be 
nsed in the compact m ac hin e, 
ahhongh it is unclear how the 
company expects to market it in 
an area that has never shown 
great sales. 

The industry rumour mill also 
suggests that IBM may be 
finally willing to release its 
long-awaited Clamshell port- 
able computer - thus giving 
“Big Blue's" stamp of approval 
to the market to lap-held 
computers. Whenever IBM does 
open hs Clamshell it will be 
keen to avoid the kind of 
problems it had last year when 
its “transportable" computer 
fared very badly against the 
best-selling Compaq portable - 
and IBM was for once driven 
firmly into second place. 

IBM gets 
left behind 
on novelty 

By Keran Pearson 
The outlook for the computer 
industry looks better in 1986 
after a bleak 1985. The US 
Department of Commerce pre- 
dicts a 23 per cent improvement 
in US shipments daring 1985. 
Innovation could be a real 
selling point. 

Sates of Apple Computer’s 
Macintosh, always praised for 
its cleverness but relatively 
unsuccessful commercially so 
for, are picking up, dealers 
report. It is too early to tell 
whether a desire for innovation 
will help Commodore with its 
new Amiga personal computer. 

Commodore faces a difficult 
time in the first half of 1986, 
despite the obvious technical 
merits of Amiga and it an- 
nounced last week that_ it will 
stop manufacturing in Britain. 

But innovation helped Digital 
Equipment and Hewlett- 
Packard beat IBM in foe annual 
survey of the top US companies 
by Fortune magazine. Most 
company chief executives who 
responded to the survey say that 
both companies beat IBM on 
"innovativeness". And Hewlett- 
Packard even beat it on product 

But that will probably only 
sting IBM's pride, it will not 
hurt the giant IBM can take 
solace from being rated as the 
highest scorer overall in the 
eight headings of the survey. It 
also came top in five out of the 
eight categories, including the 
quality of its management and 
its financial soundness. The 
1985 survey marked the com- 
pany's fourth year at the top. 
But for innovation, it dropped 
from 31st to 78th place. 

Among tire losers in the 
survey were Wang Laboratories, 
the office automation specialist, 
and the troubled Control Data. 

Look, no hands on 
this keyboard 

■ A new “hands-free" method of 
operating a keyboard has been 
developed that could help severely 
disabled people to work with 
computers. Based on an American 
device, the view control system, the 
method has a headset which 
translates head movements into 
cursor movements using ultrasonic 
technology to measure subtle 
changes in the rotation ami angle 
of the head. 

ThB potential for using the unit to 
help the disabled was spotted by 
Roy Stringer, managing director of 
a Liverpool computer dealer, Bit 
32, who had come to know the 
problems of the handicapped after 
a relative was disabled in a car 
crash. ^ The key to the system is a 
program that displays a keyboard 
on ma screen of an Apple 

Previous devices to enable 
disabled people to operate 
computers often depended on 
cumbersome mechanical links to a 
computer keyboard. 


Rental coup 

■ The advent of Amstrad’s 
successful S458 word processor 
has opened up the possfoifity of 
renting a business computer 
system for about £1 2 a week. 

A financial software house. 

Sage soft isp noting a scheme In 
South East England that provides 
an Amstrad 82o6 with printer and 
word processor as well as a 
business software package 
including bookkeeping, payroll, 
accounts and database programs. 

The price is £1Z36 a week and the 
minimum rental period is two years, 
including a day's training and 
maintenance. It is available through 
some computer dealers among 
them the ComputerLand chain, and 
by mail order. Further information 
from 091-2847077. 

New connections 

■ The Spanish telephone 
company CTNE and Japanese 
electronics firm Fujitsu are forming 
a joint venture to make medium- 
sized office computers and 
electronic data processing 
equipment in Spain. Under an 
agreement between the firms, 
Fujitsu wHI take a 60 per cent stake 
in the new company while CTNE, 
which is parity state-owned, will 
hold the remaining 40 per cent 

CTNE announced last June an 
ambitious drive for expansion in 
international markets, to be partly 
funded by share flotations on the 
London, Frankfurt Paris and Tokyo 
stock markets. 

The new company called Fujitsu 
Espaha, w3l start operating in 

I suppose you'll be saying next 
it can make die tea as well 

1 989. CTNE said sales were 
forecast at 60 biUlon pesetas ($385 
million) that year, with exports 
earning about a quarter of revenue. 

Babbage tribute 

■ The Institution of Electrical 
Engineers must win the 1986 
award for future pfenning. It is 

a/raaefy organizing a senes of 
events to celebrate the bicentenary 
of the birth of Charles Babbage, the 
i9th-oanturv originator of the 

principles of modem computing. 
Due to take place In 1991 an 
international conference. 
Computing in the 21 st Century, is 
one Hem, as Is a Chri s t mas 1991 
ho&day lecture for young people on 
topical aspects of information 

Security workshop 

is to host a four-day workshop on 
computer security from February 
3-6 with the International 
Association for Computer Systems 
Security, it wTQ be presented by 
Robert Wiik, an expert on computer 
fraud prevention and will include 
special sessions where 
participants from the same 
business area can discuss security 

Details on ths workshop, which 
costs $825 (£570). from 01-283 
1030, extension 372. 

UK events 

Amstrad Computer Show, Novo tel, 
Hammersmith. London W6, 
January 11-12 (061-456 8383) 
Which Computer? Show, National 
Exhibition Centre. Birmingham, 
January 14-17(01-891 6471) 
Videotex User Show, Barbican 
Centre, London, January 29-31 

Cadpro 86, Novo tel, Hammersmith, 
London W6, February 25-27, 

epo Europe 86, Olympia 2, 
London, March 4-6 (01 -403 14731 
Atari Computer Show, Novote!, 
Hammersmith, London W6 

Info 86, Olympia, London, March 


Ceblt 86, Hanover Fair Complex, 
West Germany, March 12-19 

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Hie course combines lectures with hands-on experience and 
covers design concepts, effective coding documentation, 
deb ugging and data control CoSt£3G0 + VAT. 

Developing Effective Business Models - 

February 10, 11, 12 

A three-day course for the modeller who is ready to advance from 

K dsheets to tackling more challenging business problems. 

j a case study, the course covers the problem solving tech- 
niques of tree and bubble diagrams, rules tables, and operational 
aspects of models including the effective use of sensitivity 
analysis. Cost £900 + VAT. 

Executive Workshops 

Interactive sessions for senior Tnanagpmant and executives to 
explore fully the pot ential for nsrnp business models to increase 
com petiti v e ness and profitability. Workshops are individually 
tailored to your own company’s environment and circumsta nc e s . 

For further information or for an application form please fill 
in the coupon below or write to Jackie Sanderson at Deloitte 
Haskins & Sells, PO Box 198, Hfflgate House, 26 Old Bailey, 
London EC4N 7PL Telephone: 01-248 3913. 

D Ap^cation form for Spreadsheet GoodFiacdce 
O Application form for Developing Effective Pusincss ? 1 . . 
□ I nfor mation on Executive Workshops 





, - Haskins+Sils , 


.. i ‘ 

Xr - 







- a New Year’s resolution 

A move to the fastest growing computer services company 
in the UK. 

Waotton Jeffreys may be one of the longest established 
computer services companies in the UK. but the company's 
growth and planned development makes itone of the most 
exciting places to be for ambitious oomputer professionals in '86. 
Formed in 1971 the company has nearly doubled its sales and 
number of staff employed in the last twelve months but has 
retained its high profitability: we achieved £4.42m turnover; 
now employ 160 staff and made over £350,000 profit in our last 
financial year 


Wootton Jeffreys is PRIME Computer’s largest commercial 
distributor in Europe. Our PRIME centres in Brookwood 
(Surrey) and Bristol have new vacancies for 5 computer 
consultants, educated to degree level, with at least one year's 
commercial computing experience, or alternatively a 
computing science degree. 

Successful applicants will work in small project groups on a 
variety of commercial systems programming projects. Some 
knowledge of the PICK operating system and FORTRAN 
would be an advantage. 

Applicants should write, enclosing a C.V to: 

Mary CampbelFDick 
jA. Wootton Jeffreys Systems Ltd 
Cemetery Pales. 

Brookwood. Woking, 

M Higg 9 Surrey GU24 0BL 




ana required for perforra- 
PinDd Alnidmu Eknca 

A career to 


£18-30,000 + car 

in the 
appear in 





Seeking a career move which will broaden your -IT 
experience, develop your business skills, and offer 
an excitjng challenge? 

Then consider Management Consultancy' with 
one Of the leading UK firms (in either London or 
Birmingham), advisiHg some of the country's most ' 
successful and innovative enterprises. 

Our activities are diverse. But increasingly, were 
being called on by clients to advise and assist at the 
highest level with the justification, management ami. 
review of substantial projects. These may range 
from sophisticated systems development to 
establishing new computer centres. 

it's demanding, creative work with high personal . 
rewards. And not simply in terms of salary (which 
can start at up to £30,000 ) and job satisfaction. 

We also offer tailored training, excellent promotion 

prospects inadynamic and professional environ* 

, mem, and the opportunity to work with specialists 
from^erfa^essai^ . 

Rapid expansion means we now seek additional 
graduates aged 2S- 37 with an impressive track 
record, particularly as a Project Manager or Team 
Leader Significant involvement in major develop- 
ment projects is desirable. This experience could 
have been gained with a leading manufacturer;- 
software hOuse, or a large installation. 

Take another step towards matching your ambition. 
. Send full personal and career details (stating 
preferred location and daytime telephone number) 
to Keith Bake, quoting reference 301 IfT on both 
envelope and tetter. 


Management Consultancy with Haskins- 

P.O. Box 138, Hifigate House, 26 Old BaOey, London EC4M 7 PI 





Cooxmny: Lrxigestatoflsfied major IBM user within the City of London. _ 

Poattton: Systems Analyst res ponsfoia tor the davotapmant of orHtoe. accounting 
and flramdsl apptodJons. A profes si o na l and confident person who anvdevakip 
andfoafltf ayawmsauxaaafu^foahi a iu MM aiii rt ro i mTiant . 

Exp erience: Upwards of three years experience ol Important dsMoranent 
asstonmenta on any ranm or mato frare es . A prospsmmlnn Magrawid la not 
auendd tad a compute awarenes s of fha impte i aians of producing detuned 
specHfcadcm from which pr o gr um w a can work tnuat be dem on str ate d. IBM 
Melnt re meexpmtenca art) bean a dv sntag e- 

Omaaf Lasting security and a fine opportunity to further your career In an 
anstnonmoni conatefing of the vary Meat H3M hardware. 



Company: Leartna Inlam a ilonal Bank with- R na n ciaf interests and afl&ates 
throughout tha wood dsveioptag IBM baaed financtet systems. 

Podtet Business or Systems Analyst to deeton and develop tanking systems 
ItanroanoaptloMplaipan&rifcte. BeteneiwiaarMisnnreiBujwWbawomtogtotije - 
branch banldng systems division. • . u •- 

E Kpuriuncws You wiBhovurong branch bwrfdng ■xparienow hi incp-Onu di t aD wiu 
environment. Throe yevs+ on mflm fr ttm e e and proven comraercW mfcrria ere 

O misiM Thin la a rtmBantfno mlm nnrl lr nffmt ihe nnpn t lirtfr m anhs-ri ymir 
sMfa on a range of appOcaSona.-'naUng wfl ba araBabia as theoompany oporatea 
BM 3033/3083. under MVS and Vt& OCS. DL1 and Cobd are emptoyed 
e x ten si vely. High Technology schifiona are befog introduced to support reonay 
naafcaL foreign exchange and a a c u riUaa tradfag acfhfttea. Benefits tockxte 
mortgage ettosldy, personal loan, noo-contributory pension. WareaMiaaaaaaoo 
defeat toons, lie esaurance schema and aaneraus boOdsy entHemaoL . 

• - ■ R6RTM 12858 

DP MANAGER c £15,500 

SHListhe leading Hmi of Occupational Psvchnl- 
ngisLs in ihc UK. based in Esher, Surrey. We require 
a DP Ma nager to take over a small bul rapidly expan- 
ding DP depart mem. This challenging role will 
ini ohe prm iding an efficient service fVir both the 
administrative svstems and the research and 
development activities. These include database t 
management and subsequent statistical analysis. 

We areal present micro based buiare evaluating 
hard ware. 'soft™ are needs forthe future. Familiarity 
with micros and minis is therefore an advantage. 

Successful applicants are likely tu be aged 25-35. 
have some relevant experience, be numerate and able 
to communicate Huently at all levels. An enthusiastic 
and commilled approach is required with good 
organisational skills In cope with meetingdeadlines 
ina fast moving environment. 

For further information, plepse contact: Paula 
Pensonon Esher(0372)6S63^.i'he Old Pdsi House, 
81 High Street, Esher, SurntvKTIOSQA. 


COMP. MANUFR. Negotiable basic 

Ce mpmiy : High grotto Mi ni Computer Manufacturer with a reputation tar among 

PMlSn^Entlufu^ata Bteadhssto sal Into radical markets. pwtfctferty.tfw 
financial area and muffl nauonato. 

Experience: A mtatonxn of tour years successfof sates axpwfteic e to Of. You aril 
bo late are to early SO - * in age. wfih hipeecabto pnraretel presentation onto a 

d e te r m to ai ton to be ahead of the crowd. 

Cteoarefc The ataora average podcaga offered to aucoaafU Salas Exac utNaa. by 
Ma company, is backed by axoaMM employee bsntfta and unftntud canwr 
potenUal wtthm an axpantfng cormtany. A real opporwnfor for Wgh-fltari^ 


ANY COBOL £8-1 5K 

Company: Ona of ttetergeat and most aBccaaatuf computer serelc aa conipa n tea- 
deaflng wfl h al hardw are groups and c tinnw c m business appfcatton areas, 
staffed wttocornpewrt and dynamic profeastonate. 

Poeltton: Progran w inre and Senior Programmers to work on major projects pfaytog 

mi Intagral part to a amaB tB«m working from teoapdon u hTplemantadoti. Arufrste 

tmttoemBrt wte be imJtad » aipartonca mto toe draft uprograaa. ' 

Experience: Programming - 18 mtot-2 yrs Cabal axpartaoce, utood an 
iis UJ i a ree oquIpmonL Pkataranca wB bo olvffli to candWtoas wWt KSL or BM. 
Jbsckflrmmta. Hcnuavar, any machine experience wH be cafahAr considered. Snr. 
Progs. - 3_yra ptua w8h ttei emphasis betog heavier an IQL & IBM experience. 
General: These opporturatJea must be cereiuSy considered by caMtMn wWi 


C. LONDON. Basic Reg 
— Co. CAR 

Mt a growing rapomaon for 

new businaaa mid aria 
Bipe ri e nce: Dynemk: 
systems. In adrSHcn 

todriduafs with a proven track reconJ of srttag buatoaw 
you afKh4d be uralam la at t c and embOous .wBn exceMnt 

Company: IWa company proridaa Ita aatea team wtta axceian t techolcal pm and 
post safes support end foe chance to work to an excfUng and attractors 
anrtonment Tire to an opporksiity not to baretsaed tor young aates exacuSno 

wd be camMfy conakterad. Snr. 
son IQL & IBM experience. 

benhvars/appScatnn experience Hmttod to one or even two users, as In the pest 
this type ol person has benefited qonskJerabry. Work mdudoa Invorremant on both 
cSam site mto to house, end because of the variety of hardware employed and the 
scope of a p pllc n itona. can lead to fast promotion, higher salaries and a certain 
prosperous future. 

anri re nment Tire to an opportowty 
eager to advance flwtr assets. 


Company: WM e a tebBstted i w a nu f a c n asr of Mgb rosofnflon computer graphics 
equipment with offices to toe UK and USA. 

PosWots A variety cf posts avalsbte wBi ffia emph asis betag on die c aretetotea 
ablfty to j aak toaap wd mdty. solve i cony teKprotorrm, vrotk 

^Sredto»wSS!dovereeBfc ,,?,, * hte ' ** 

Experience: PnnkXB work experience Is sasantiaL Cahtfldatee with ureanta of 18 
month s FgrtrayPMca l experien ce gained fro m a sde nflHq/hKk wntal or 

^mj^y ^mfflwttott^^parte^hireimiaroSarTOtfWwewsrbaamSiri? 

Qe m i i M Extremely In ter asl tog porttfona vriMn-a p reg rerel va anvfrqnrfantoffortng 
exoeBant scope tar ao hkrvem e nt both to terms of axportonca to be gained, and tor 
career edirancemam. Satortea are dependen t pre nly on experience- . 


par a coofidertW dtecwslon about Aaae and many other vacancies, please taiepbeoe one of oar consuSants. We am eteo specMMs to asefsbig BriM naflonds 
working oiaraaas and wtahtag to ratara to the UK. , . .. ■ - { 

6th Fkjor, Empire House, 175 PkxadDly, London W1Z 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844 t 01-439 8302 (241>tiurs).' 

Evening nimibers 
uhtSlOpjn. — 

■ 099025639 




1IK-15K a.e. 

MANTECH TRAINING UMfTED provides training courses in botfi 
the Puhlic and Private seaors ai a number of our centres in the 
Midlands, the North and South. However as a result br further 
expansion, we need two further Training Staff in our LONDON 
Training Centre. 

Applicant; must have an m-depth background in one of the 
above skills and, ideally, of Microcomputer Application Packages 
and/or COfiOL 

Sound communication skills and a professional and flexible 
approach are essential. Previous framing experience will be 
an advantage. 

Please apply in writing, together with your 
John Entwtstie, 

Area Manager. — — 

Mantech Training Ltd. >. 

Mantech House. /mANTPrH ) 

87HackfnafsRoad. f "St u5re5“V ,/ 







£50,000 OTE 




TO £25K 
+ CAR 

record not rwcaeearfry gained to sri%a the ab 
tore package end • commBnienl to e pofley of 
gresston and financial reward. 

sttong technical bias mtd poaeere a prow 
i. to retwn the conwany ansa an exbamely 
nston wlih the obrioua Imp&aUfons for care 




TO £30,000 


tONDON TO £25,000 


To advertise in 

The Times or The Sunday Times 

please telephone 01-837 3311 or 3333 

AUemativeiyyou may write to: 

Times Newspapers Ltd. 

Classified Dept, Freepost 
London WC1 8BR 

Ufieyom Access or Visa card when placing your advertising 

OQOte of . Hte teadtog nasagement ccmrAancias and at present have several racandba to 
London. The successfol nppfttem* wk bo Involved to dent Haisan, net Oreftw, analysis and making 
racatmeanctebons Jo senior management: Apportions wfl be In ihe ibwcW. comraaroW mid todumrialeac- 
tora. Sukabte sppfrcants nfl be {smteetes aoed bsassasn ta» tweratea and mid Hrltas. ttMeoariikra oltar 

F ll * VPP ot 5 ,, * y 1 g raa *f l,l * l| g tt "P ro fore |( M >a i a ipmteelerateitwlrcaraei ptQigereion.Ciurc8»S~oWrmiBel- 
im« benetts packages taduBng company car. generous expereee, private medfoal insurance and a pension 




TO £12,000 

TO £25,000 

| ■ i 






^tcaemcKaasaSeSaagS? 1 

( 01-439 8302 
es)j 01 t437 5994 

Everrings &\Ueekends 

‘ ‘ . (£ 1882)25736 

• . ( 01)3540890 



“■^sjd Project managor *xportenc»*id wl 

ay, teg teTSStete” w 


. . 'i ‘ \ *.S • .Vi * 



Sir Nicholas Goodison celebrated a wry 
anniversary yesMay, li /ldi.-..ieailh' > as 
chairman of the Stock Exchange; Whileit 
is a satisfying milestone to have passed- a 
testimony not least to Ms stamina and 
endurance -he can hardly have imagined,' 
as he mourned the sudden' death of his 
predecessor, Michael Marriott, that he 
would himsdf have been in for such a long 
and gruelling nm. V./. . .. 

Within months of' his appointment, 
Shirley Williams, then Minister for Prices 
and Consumer Trotection, had brought 
service industries within, die pet of the 
restrictive practices legislation, ensuring 
that Sir Nicholas wonld be condemned to, 
years of legal wrangling over foe Stock 
Exchange's rule book: That process was: 
halted only in. 1983, when; Sir Nicholas 
struck his - histone deal ~ with ' Cecal 
Parkinson, the short-lived - Secretary; of.: 
State for Trade :and Industry, exempting 
the Stock Exchange from the dutches^)! 
the Restrictive Practices Court. 

The quid pro quo 9^ that Sir Nicholas 
agreed to put in train the series of changes 
which quickly became dubbed the. Big 
Bang, due to be detonated this year. The 
abandonment of .fixed commission rales, 
admission of outside organizations to 
membership and. 1 the. n«\wyq»n»nt drift' 
from single to dual capacity, amount to 
the most radical restructuring of the Stock 
Exchange in its 2 1 3-year history. . 

The tall, languid and cultured Sir' 
Nicholas has ^borae thieservolcaiuc erup- 
tions with, aif the sang-frokl Marlborough 
and King's^ Ombridge, can instil. Yet be 
has made no secret of his scepticism, hat 
the changes^ will be for the, better, eyed .to 
the point of predicting.: di^.b<Eafo»et;the 
century- is out the pendulum will have 
swung sufficiently to produce calls' for a 
return to the old waysj protected, and 
predictable as they were. 

He has keen -.f.’i sense of history, 

sharpened by hisencyclopaedxc knowledge 
of the clocks barometers and furniture of 
the eighteenth century. And he has long 

- . Sv Nicholas: along and gruelling run 

insisted that the investor was better served 
. by a- stock . market in which competition 
was carefully restrained. 

That* is not to be, in the foreseeable 
future or possibly ' ever. : Instead Sir 
.Nicholas is committed to helping his 
beloved Stock Exchange to make the best 
, of things, besieged as it is by the licensed 
dealers of.Nasdim on one side and the 
international securities houses- on the 
other. The political challehges threaten to 
be every bit as fierce as the sheer logistics 
of -introducing an electronic trading 
-system capable of conforming with the 
new order by October 27. 

Though it was customary for most 
members of the Stock Exchange to regard 
the chairmanship of their council as of 
' -relatively little account,, that is no longer 
the case.. Few would not now concede that 
they have been extremely fortunate to 
have such a dedicated and yet sensitive 
man at their head. It is a measure of his 
. achievement that it Is hard to think of any 
other man wbo might have done half as 
weft- even jobbing backwards. 

Stevens rule Britannia? 

With GuymSifc Peat sma&ly the 

door last wje^fe the future dfrBriianma 
Arrow Mb.jSSI to be^ resolved; The 
powerful Ivpices are ‘ Robert v*>Mxwell 
(Peigamcrij^JwSth 14.55 per-’ttait of 
Britanniai : . -and David Steycnair who 
wearing his : Montagu Investment Manage- 
ment hat; speaks forH0.76. per cent of 
Britannia. . .f • - ‘ l f -': '* 

No one seriously expects Mr Maxwell to 
go for complete control of Brita nnia." Cash 
considerations^ apart, Britannia would 
hardly fit into ihe ■ Max weft- -printing, 
publishing and newspaper empire. . :. 

For Mr Stevens, although a newspaper 
baron, the calculations are - ^different. 
Although his motives inibuyingBritannia 
shares m December wenrstfest unclear, a 
discernible strategy isememag.T&> one 
doubts MrStevens’s ambtBon^ ’ddr his 
liking for independence. escape&at the 
earliest opportunity front the control of 
Midland .Bahk when AetndTife, now the * 
sole owner of MIM, ba cke d out of its- 
partnership; with . Midland in. Samnd 
Montagu the merchant bank. Mr Stevens 
now seems to want to escape from Aetna, 
through the Britannia connection. 

He has already become a non-executive 
director of Britannia. Potting Britannia 
and MIM together would be a logical step. 
It would also leave Mr Stevens personally 
in a strong position. Aetna; however, is 

not wining to play. It does not wzntto part 
with MIM.-It may even have its eyes on 
Britannia. The purchase m November for 
£35 million of Tyndall, a small but active 
unit trust group, suggests that Aetna 
favours : the City’s fond management 
sector. And with- assets of more than US 
$50 billion (£35 billion) the American life 
company is in a position to get what it 

. Meanwhile: Alastair Morton, chief 
executive of Guinness Peat Group, has 
predictably backed away from his threat to 
push down Britannia’s share price if he 
lost the bid. Yesterday he sold 6.6 million 
Britannia shares (4.4 per cent), represent- 
ing the amount he had paid for in cash 
during the bid battle. The proceeds will 
cover the costs of fighting the bid. At the 
same time, he bought £5 millio n nominal 
of Britannia’s loan stock because, as Mr 
Morton put it “We are very interested in 
what Mr Maxwell and Mr Stevens are up 

, Whatever it is they are up to, the' 
resolution most come fhiriy soon. 
'Britannia, like all financial services 
Companies, is only as good as its 
employees. They will start to become 
-restless, not .least at the Singer and 
FnedLander subsidiary, if the current 
uncertainty continues for long. 

Tin rescue 
team to 
meet ITC 

The and broker who 

ompiled the latest rescue plan 
jr the cash-stricken Intern- 
ational Hn Council have a 
mtative date this afternoon, 
rith a scheduled' meeting of 
rc heads, of delegation. This 
ras revealed in London yester- 
ay by Mr Ralph Keste nb anm 
jint managing director *of 
Jerald Metals and co-author of 
tie resuce plan. - 

Mr Restenbamnsaid as yet 
e had heard -nothing negative 
bout the plan and knew of no 
jason why the ITC “can shoot 
iis one down.” 

The plan “meets the nt. 
eed to have its Tosses limited 
5 weD as providing burden- 
baring by banks and brokers,” 

The 13 tin brokers that Mr 
Lestcnbaum represents last met 
n December 23 

There was no point - m 
inkers meeting again - until 
lore is known of toe response, 
rom the 22 ITC member states, 
4r Kestenbanm added. # - 

The plan put forward jointly 
nth Standard. Chartered Banks 
cnior deputy chairman, ^Mir 
•eter Graham, .just before 
Christmas envisaged a new 
ompany with risk ca pital of 
270 million (£100 million each 
rom ITC producer and coa- 
nmer groups and £70 B ullion 
dimly between bankers and 
rrolcers), with an additional 
Dan capital of £50 mQhon 
rrovidedbythe British Govem- 
oent. ‘'' r . 

The rTC teads of delegation 
nee ting tod^vriU be -the first 
ime all ITC member 
lave teen ahfe' to 
nnsi derthc new proposa l. 

Britain and China agree 
finance for GEC deal 

By Teresa Poole . 

British and Chinese officials 
ftne,' ' agreed, prelimminary 
JBdaT&taiS for GECs £250 
million deal to snp{fy turbine, 
generators for the Daya Bay 
power station in China. 

A financial memorandum 
was *i jnad in Peking at the 
weekend by representatives of 
the Department of -Trade arid 
Industry, and the Bank of China. 

The fiteet^jear [buyer credit 
is -to be financed by a consor- 
tium of 10 British banks, led by 
the Midland, and will be 
underwritten "by "the ’ Export 

Credits Guarantee Department 
The Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, Mr Leon 
Brittan, said yesterday that the 
w gnmg underfined the import- 
ance of government-backed 
finance in setting up such 
significant projects. 

JAL sell-off 

•7- Mr Susumu Yam^ji, presi- 
dent of Jaoan -Airlines, wnd in 
Tokyo that foe company, which 
is 34.5 per cent, stale-owned, 
could be privatized this year, 
instead of 1987 as expected. 



FT All Share 

FT Govt Securities — 82.151 
FT-5E100 — ^ 1424.1 

Datastream USM 
New York 
Dew Jones 
Hong Kong: 

,107.10 (+045) 
,1545.17 (-4.02) 
>13(1)053.79 (-83,08) 


Commazbank — -204&B (+23JJ) 
General . — -820.76 (+19. 

Paris: CAG 2733 (i 


SKA General .. -- 5 27 . 20 (+1750) 


London firing; V,-:. . 

r $*227.75-' 

2 2$ , 2? 

Comax $328.35 — 



Robert M, Douglas — 

GreenaB, Whitley “A" 

Butt Bros. 

Secuiiguard . 
Win. Bedford 

Vafin Pollan, 

. +«P 



AB Elect. Products . 

Derek Grouch 

Horizon Travel — . 


100p + 




Metal Sciences . 



Clyde Petroleuni — 

Barr&WaBace M A” 

JOM Steam Packet 

Barr & Wallace : — 1B4p-13p 

LASMO— — -iSp 


.131 p -9p 

Retail sales hit record level 
but company profits fall 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


Retail sales rose to a record 
levdm November, according to 
official figures released yester- 
day.. A further strong rise is. 
thought to have occurred last 

Real incomes rose between 
the second and third quartess of 
last year, but company profits, 
after reaching a peak in the firet 
three months of last year, fen 
back during the following six 

There was a 3.1 per cent rise 
in retail sales volume to 117.6 
(1980*100) in November, upon 
the provisional estimate, litis 
posted sales volume above the 
previous peak in August 
Colder weather in November 
produced an 11 per cent 
increase in clothing *nd foot- 
wear sales. Sales of household 
goods rose 3 per cent 
Overall, retail sales volume 
in November was up by 5.3 per 
cent on a year earlier. However, 
because of a drop in sales in 
September and October, sales 
volume in the latest three 

months was down by 05 per 
cent on the previous three 

Mixed retail businesses, 
which include Maria & Spen- 
cer, British Home Stores and 
Litttewoods, appear to have 
suffered most from the Sep- 
tember-October sales dip. De- 
spite a 3-9 per cent pick-up in 
November, sales volume in the 
latest three months was down 
3.2 per cent compared with the 
previous three months. 

The Retail Consortium said 
yesterday that it expected 
overall sales in December to be 
4 per cent up on December 
1984. This would produce a 
volume index of about 1 19.0 

Despite the record November 
retail safes, the amount of new 
hire purchase credit advanced 
dropped to £1.05 million, from 
£1.15 million in October. The 
figures do not include purchases 
made on most in-store charge 
cards, and may reflect a move 
away from traditional hire 
purchase to these cards. 

North Sea Others 


Q1 11,788 



02 11,704 



03 13.209 



04 13.889 




Q1 14,915 



02 14,703 



03 14,400 



Source: Contra! Statistical Ota. 

Credit advanced by the 
finance houses dropped from 
£799 million to £700 million, 
white that advanced by re- 
tailers, is instalment credit 
form, rose from £348 million to 
£353 million. 

Strong growth in wages and 
salaries produced a rise in real 
incomes between the second 
and third quarters of last year, 
according to the Central Stat- 
istical Office: 

Wages and salaries were up 
by 2 per cent during the quarter. 

although tax and National 
Insurance contributions also 
rose: After allowing for these 
and inflation, real personal 
disposable income rose 0.2 per 
cent between the second and 
third quarters, to stand 2,5 per 
cent up on the corresponding 
period a year earlier. 

The saving ratio - saving as a 
percentage of income - feQ to 
11.1 per cent in the third 
quarter, from 11.7 per cent in 
the second. It was 14 per cent in 
the fourth quarter of bat year. 

While personal incomes rose, 
company profits fell back, 
according to the Government’s 
statisticians. Profits, net of 
stock appreciation, of industrial 
and commercial companies fell 
by 2.1 per cent in the third 
quarter, after dropping by 1.4 
percent in the second quarter. 

Unusually, dedining North 
Sea profits have acted as a drag 
on . the rest Gross trading 
profits of non-North Sea com- 
panies in the third quarter were 
up 22 per cent higher than a 
year earlier, or 13 per cent 
excluding British Telecom. 

Oil worries 
push money 
rates higher 

By Our Economics 

A rise in interest rates could 
be on the way, poshing up 
industry’s borrowing costs still 
further. Yesterday, fears of 
another drop in oil prices and 
consequent pressure on the 
pound sent rates in the money. 
martowt-n higher. 

Money market rates are now 
consistent with a base rate for 
tbe hanlrs of 12 per cent, rather 
than the 11.5 per cent prevail- 
ing. Three month money is 
1 ltyc-1 It 4 per cent, one-month 
money 11%-] 1% per cent, in 
the interbank market. 

A senior official at Barclays 
said “When rates rise to this 
sort of level we begin to watch 
things more closely. Things 
have definitely begun to look a 
bit more bearish.” 

The Bank of En gland an- 
nounced new temporary facili- 
ties for the banking system 
yesterday, designed to cope with 
pressures during the corporate 
tax-paying season. 

The £1 billion of assistance, 
effective from January 10 untD 
March 10, differs from previous 
arrangements in two ways. 
Banks now have the choice to 
opt for a two month interest 
rate or a one-month rate rolled 

In addition, the facility will 
be limited to banks drawing at 
least £5 million, and a maxi- 
mum of 1 per cent of eligible 
liabilities. Previously the mini- 
mum was £2J million. 

The rise in money market 
rates yesterday came as the 
discount bouses offered bills to 
the Bank of England at 1 m above 
current intervention rates, 
across the maturity range. 

Part of the overall *» point 
rise in money rates yesterday 
can be explained by the desire 
of the discount houses to 
unload paper ahead of the 
taxpaying season. However, a 
general p w^iiwutm hm crept m 
over the outlook for base rates, 
signalled by the upward sloping 
yield curve. 

General Accident pays £100m 
for Canadian insurance firm 

General Accident, one of 
Britain’s biggest motor insurers, 
announced yesterday that it had 
~ to buy Pilot Insurance, a 
nariian motor and property 
insurance co mpan y, for £100 
million. The vendor. Reliance 
Financial Services Corporation, 
is pvt of the American 
finunriar Mr Saul Steinberg’s 
Reliance Group. 

General Accident financed 
the purchase using a vendor 
placing of 1433 million new 
shares through Hoare Govett 
and Savory Milln. The placing 
price of 707p per new General 
Accident share represented a 4.5 
per cent discount to the 740p 
opening price of General Acci- 
dent’s shares yesterday. The 
shares fell 7p on the announce- 
ment of the acquisition. 

Pilot, in contrast to General 
Accident's existing insurance 
interests in fimaHa. has pro* 

By Lawrence Lever 

duced consistent underwriting 
profits. In 1984, ignoring the 
effect of a 25 per cent quota 
share treaty with Reliance 
Insurance, Pilot had a net 
income of Can$13.8 million 
(£6.8 million) and gross pre- 
mium income for the year of 
Can$128 million (£64 million). 

General Accident reported a 
loss of £19.8 million on its 
Canadian operations in the nine 
months to Septmember 1985. It 
ha< consistently had diffic ulties 
in this market in recent years. 

Almost three-quarters of 
Pilot’s income, based on 1984 
figures, is derived from motor 
insurance, with the balance 
coming from property cover. It 
operates exclusively in Ontario, 

General Accident is main- 
taining Pilot’s fuH-time manage- 
ment team, although three 
Reliance representatives, in- 
cluding Mr Steinberg, have 

resigned from the board. Mr J. 
C Corcoran, chairman and 
chief executive executive officer 
of General Accident Insurance 
of America, takes over as 
chairman, of Pilot. 

Mr lan Menzies, general 
manager of finance director of 
General Accident, said yester- 
day: “Pilot is in a very special 
situation, run on a tight basis by 
a small group of people, and has 
carved out a special niche for 
itself.” He added that Pilot 
would operate Independently of 
General Accident’s Canadian 

A Reliance Group spokes- 
man said that Pilot was the 
group’s only non-American 
insurance operation. It had 
been sold because of General 
Accident's “very fine offer”, to 
allow the group to concentrate 
its energies in the United States. 

Tempos, page 21 

Beazer lifts Kier 
offer to £146m 

By Cliff Feltham 

C H. Beazer, the housebuild- 
ing group, last night delivered a 
knockout blow to the embattled 
French Kier when it raised its 
takeover bid to £146 million - 
an increase of 25 per cent on the 
previous offer. 

The move came after Mr 
Brian Beazer gave his brokers 
orders to buy shares in French 
Kier in after-hours trading at a 
price of 285pu 

The buying spree lifted his 
holding in French Kier to dose 
on 38 per cent. Beazer had 
started the battle with 25 per 

Beazer immediately an- 
nounced that it would be raising 
its offer to other shareholders. 
The increased offer consists of 
four Beazer shares plus £13.35 
in cash for every 1 1 Kier shares. 
Based on yesterday’s market 
prices this was worth 294p a 

share, with a 285p cash 

County Bank, which is 
advising Beazer, said the chair- 
men of the two companies 
would be meeting today. 

However, Mr John Mott, 
chairman of French Kier, which 
has bitterly opposed the take- 
over attempt, refused to con- 
firm that a meeting would take 

Asked whether he thought the 
new terms represented the end 
of the road for French Kier; he 
said: “It is marginal”. 

Last week French Kier fired 
its final defence when it looked 
to improved performance in 
1985, and again yesterday 
claimed that its profits growth 
had been achieved organically 
“and not through a series of 
acquisitions as with Beazer* s”. 

NCB pressed to cut prices 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

The electricity industry, the 
National Coal Board’s biggest 
customer, yesterday gave its 
strongest demand yet for a cut 
in coal prices. 

Mr Philip Jones, chairman of 
the Electricity Council, who 
steered the industry through the 
year-long miners’ strike, said 
that the coal and electricity 
industries “need other”. 

However, he told the Coal 
Industry Society: “We still jay 
too much lor our coal supplies 
and they are effectively being 
subsidized by the electricity 

“The cheaper the NCB can 
seU us the coed, the cheaper we 
can produce electricity and the 
more the demand for electricity 
will increase. This in turn will 
increase the demand for coaL 

their electricity than their 
competitors and this is why the 
industry is examining with 
them ways of easing their equipment 
position. Our ability to do so “not it is equally obvious 
will depehd on the coal industry that such growth could fell to 

of both the coal and decticity 
supply industries to welcome 
the wider use of electrical 

“Generally our juices for 

electricity to industry are in line j 

with those in Europe. But some competitive position as declin- 
of our high-intensive users — ing reserves force the price of oil 
those whose energy bills domi- sndgas to rise. 

making cheaper coal available.” 

In spite of demanding 
cheaper coal and the option to 
use more imparted coal if it 
proved to be more economical, 
the power industry will remain 
the coal board’s largest cus- 
tomer. At present it takes more 
than 70 per cent of the j»wer 
industry’s annual outjiut, a 
proportion which is likely to 
rise in the next few years as the 
coal board’s output fells. 

Mr Jones said: “We believe 
electricity has a great fixture. 
Over the next few years we 
should steadily increase sales of 
electricity axm improve our 
*-*— ^ declin- 

malerialize and that our com- 
jjetitive position could be 
seriously jeopardized if our fuel 
costs go up too fer and too fest” 

Mr Jones added that the 
power industry has not ruled 
out the possibility of building 
coal-fired power stations and 
extending the life of some large 
existing coal-fired stations. 

He said: “The bulk of our 
plant at the end of the century 
will still be coal-fired. On 
nuclear, if the Central Elec- 
tricity Generating Board gets 
consent for the Sizewell B 
station in Suffolk then it would 
like to replicate the design in a 
small family of preiurized 
water-cooled reactors. 1 

Racal joint 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

Racal Electronics is un- 
scrambling its joint venture 
with Norsk Data, the Norwe- 
gian computers group, for 
developing artificial intelligence 

Racal said that the company, 
which is 51 per cent owned by 
Racal and 49 pier cent by Norsk 
Data, would cease trading at the 
end of this month. The joint 
venture was started in 1984. 

“While the two companies 
believe artificial intelligence has 
a long-term future m many 
industries, the investment re- 
quired to develope such systems 
is not commerically justified at 
present,” Racal said. 

Norsk Data said it would 
form its own development team 
on the uses of artificial intelli- 
gence softwear in its mini- 

Racal would continue to 
examine the potential for 
artificial intellignece in defence 
and data communications sys- 

Both Racal and Norsk 
stressed that their relationship 
bad been extremely good 

Bids rejected 

The four independent direc- 
tors of Allied Mills of Sydney 
have formally rejected takeover 
offers by Fielder Gillesjne Davis 
and Euling Pty. The other five 
directors made no recommen- 

No decision 
on Argyll 

A last minute hh^ h 
delaying Mr Leon Britten’s 
decision on whether to refer 
Argyll's £1.9 billion takeover 
bid for Distillers to the Mon- 
opolies and Mergers Com- 

The Trade and Industry 
Secretary normally makes his 
decision known on me r g er s 
before the first dosing date of 
the takeover bid which in this 
case is today. 

It now seems unlikely, there 
will be any announcement from 
the Trade and Industry depart- 
ment on Argyll’s bid today. 

Distillers* shares fell 6p in 
late dealings on the stock 
market last night as dealers got 
wind of foe unexplained delay. 
Some said Mr Brittan could be 
hairing second thoughts on 
giving Argyll the green light 

Profits jump 

F. H. Tomkins, the industrial 
holding group, yesterday re- 
ported a 97 per cent increase in 
half-time pretax to £2.4 million. 

Tempos, page 21 

Halifax issue 

Halifax B uilding Society is 
issuing a £200 million floating 
rate note due 1996 and paying Vfa 
point above the three-month 
London interbank offered rate, 
according to Morgan Grenfell 
and Co, tire lead manager. 

Hanson Trust has extended its 
tender offer for SCM 
corporation shares to midnight 
on Friday. About 368,678 
shares of SCM common stock 
had been tendered and not 
withdrawn by dose of business 
last Thursday. 

3i slips 

Profits after tax for 3i Group 
for the six months to September 
fell by more than £2 million, 
from £12.88 million to £10 31 
million. The group is paying an 
interim dividend of 2.f 


.5 per 

Tin proposals 

West Germany has cau- 
tiously welcomed recent infor- 
mal proposals that the cost of a 
settlement in the tin crisis could 
be shared between govern- 
ments, banks and brokers. 

Johnson Matthey PLC, the 
manufacturing group formed 
after the rescue of Johnson 
Matthey Bankers in 1984, has 
paid three months ahead of its 
March deadline $67.5 million 
(£47 million) due undo- its 
medium term refinancing 

Ariadne stake 

Ariadne Australia, an invest- 
ment and manufacturing group, 
said it has bought 50.38 percent 
of the issued capital of Repco 
Corp Holdings, a car parts 

Aluminium loss 

PT Indonesia Asahan Alumi- 
num, the Japanese and Indone- 
sian venture which claims to 
have Asia’s biggest alu m i n iu m 
smelter, has lost $47 million 
(£33 million) in the past two 
years, the newspaper Suara 
Karya reported yesterday. 

Rise at Ellis 

EDis & Everard, the chemical 
distributor, reported a 5 per 
cent increase in pretax profits at 
£1.966 million (£1.872 million) 
for the six months to October 
31. Turnover was up 24.5 per 
cent at £47.6 million and the 
interim dividend 2~5p. 

Rolls advice 

Valin Pollen International is 
to advise the Department of 
Trade and Industry and Rolls- 
Royce on publicity in the 
company's privatization. 

nate their costs - jay more for 

The option to maintain coal- 
oil and nuclear power stations 
“It is obviously in the interest will be retained by the industry. 


New Court Nat Res, „ 






£: $1.4415 (+0.( 
fc DM 3^24 

£: Swfr2Jl , 

£: Ffir 1 0.7896(-0.0Q67) 
£ Yen290.HX-Q.55) 

Z Index: 77 .9(-0.1) 

New York (Latest): 

£; $14400 . 

S: DM2.4500 
$ Index: 125.8ML3) 
ECU £0.616475 
SDR £0.758310 


f Mu lta n 1 

Bank Base: 1114% 

S^nonm Interbank ll^u-l 
Smooth efiglbtebas: 
buying rate 11%-11fe 


■prime Rate 9.50% 

Federal Funds 7%% 

3-month Treasury B5s 7.07-7.05% 
30-year bond price 1Q5%-105^ 

Acorn sells its leasing 
subsidiary for £6.5m 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

Acorn, the manufacturer of 
the BBC Microcomputer and 
the Electron computer, has sold 
its leasing subsidiary for £6 5 
million to Easton Counties 
Newspaper Group. 

The sale is part of a financial 
reconstruction after its takeover 
last year by the Italian 
office equipment manufacturer, 

The proceeds wifl be used to 
repay borrowings of £6.4 mil- 
lion secured against assets and 
leases. The assets in the sale 
consist of plants, equipment 
and commercial vehicles. 
Acorn, which is 79.4 per cent 
owned by Olivetti, expected 
losses in the leasing business to 
reach £500,000 by the cud of the 

Acorn gravefinanoal 

difficulties last year after disap- 

pointing Christmas sales of 
microcomputers in 1 984. 

The mIk in that Christmas 
period were considerably less, 
than had been anticipated by 
the retailers, who wre over- 

Another . microcomputer 
group is feeling the competitive- 
ness of the British market One 
of the largest microcomputer 
retail rhains in Britain is bang 
reconstructed because of the 
sluggishness of micro sates. The 
stores, a joint venture between 
Tandy Corporation and Apricot 
Computers, called AT Compu- 
terworid, wfll continue to trade 
under the joint venture name. 
But-13 of the 29 outlets now will 
be owned by Tandy. Apricot 
will control the remainder for 



raps; • -v-v - . : 

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35 Bow Street. London WC2E 7AU 
Telephone qi- 836 903i. Telex 267651 





Aited Signal 
Anas Inc 
Amerada Hen 
Am Brands 
Am Broadcast 
Am Con 
An Express 
Am Hama 

Am Motors 
Am Standard 
Am Telephone 
Anna Steel 
Ashland OK 
Attntte FBchfWd 
Avon Proouda 

Bank at Bcwton 
Bar* of NY 
Beatrice Foods 
Bathtaham Stael 

Jan jan 

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40 41 



Wm 28>\ 

12* 1®» 


S S 

53 SFi 

Boisa Cascade 
Borg Warner 

Burtngtun Mtfm 
Campbell Soup 
Canadian Pwafle 
Central SW 
Chase Manftat 
Cham Bank NY 



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134 134 

41 4 414 

1514 150 

28 274 

24 ' : 244 

734 724 

Clark Bpip 
Coca Cola 

464 46 

504 491 . 

254 25 

Cokanbia Gas 
Combustion Eng 
Cornwtth Ecfison 
Cons Edison 
Cora Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Control Data 
Coming Glass 
CPC Inti 

Crown Zefler 
Datt Kraft 
Delta /Ur 
Detroit Edeon 
Digital Equip 

Dow Chemical 
Diesser Ind 
DiXe Power 
Eastern Air 
Eastman Kodak 
Eaton Corp 
Emerson Elect 
Emory Air Frgt 

9 Exdtv a Asked 

834 834 

314 324 

1 T 8 118 

394 394 

304 304 

294 294 

394 394 

514 504 

S 7 1 * 
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604 614 

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SfcrfingrecoTered carfier losses 
yesterd ay t -to e*A **“ 
sBriitiy abend of FH*gJ/** 
at $14415, against $1.4387. hut 
ft fitted n make any 'progress 
maHh k* - Hie continentals, sup - 
ping to DM3 j 5 248, tfr examp le, 
ngudst DM3i4$4. SteKdgs 
trade-weighted Judex fell <» 
T7.9, from 78.0. 

The day opened with a togs 

corporate order, selling sterling 
ia.fiB.rfNn: of the dollar, wnha* 

took the ponad near to L4j H 

one stage. 

The morning session mm asa 
tt"** isflaeacetf hy fett weekt 

■ a - il i '**— -**-• w _r _ • 

ggrernor, Mr S rt wM Sttoif* 
that the yaw shontt *tey at. w 

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qnenfiy restri^^.fe^ag % 
201 . 75 , &om 20 Z* 0 , in gqfet 



p.perHo ■ 

Open CtaM 

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904 aoa 

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103JB 1DL2 

1032 ’ 105 .7 




£ par tonne 

7to 8020 

92.00 mm 

90.30 101.00 

77.00 TflLBO 

85X0 83X0 


GJU. Freight FbtoreaUd report 
SlOper Meat point 

Jin 86 90aM96-0 9OL0 

Apr 96 965.0-965.0 9GSX 

J&88 B40-Q-839-0 MB.0 

Oct 86 — 327 -5 

Jar 87 — - 8300 

Apr 87 - 10225 

Jl iff — • 8WX 

Oct 87 — woe 

Spot 904.0 
Vat: 48 tots. 




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Three Month Stertng 

Mar 88 

Jun 66 — 


Dec 86 

Previous day’s total open Interest 7905 
Three Month Eurodollar 

Mar 86 

Jun 36 

Sep 86 

Dec 08 

Previous day's total open Merest 17480 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Previous day's total open Maest 2838 
Short GBt 

Mar 88 

Jun 86 

Sap 83 

Previous day's total open Merest 803 
Long GIL 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Doc 88 

Previous days total open Intaraat 4573 

Mar 88 

Jun 86 

Previous day's total opwi interest 1744 

As the mood of the market 
became more bearish yesterday, 
memories went back to this time 
last year when sterling looked to 
be preparing itself for a drop 
through its parity with the 

White nobody was really 
expecting history to repeat 
itself, there seemed to be more 
reasons for caution at this stage 
after recent pressures 


High Low Company 

Dtv Yld 

Price 01*86 pence % P/E 

Charing Banks 11 4% 
finance House 12% 

Discount Marini Lom% 

Overnight Mnh 114 Low 8 

Waobftcad: 114-114 
Treasury BBs (Discount 
Buying Souig 

2 months 11 s » 2 months 11** 

3 months 114 3 months 114 

Prims Bank HRs (Discount %} 

1 month I1^&-I14i 2 months ll'Vll"* 
3 months 11YH4* 6 months I1*ir114s 
Trade BOs [Discount ^ 

1 month 124, 2 months 124, 

3 months 12 6 months 11°„ 

Interbank (5a) 

Overnight open 11 4-1 0 7 : clow 12-11 
1 week 114-114 8 months 1iVll T i 

1 month 11*j-1l4 9 months llVll u a 

Jmorths 11' Vi 14 12 months 114-114 
Local Authority DeposMa(%) 

2 days 114 7 flays 114 

1 month 114 3 mo n th s 114 

6 months 114 12 months H4 

1 month 114-114 8 months 114-114 
6 months 114-114 12 montts 114-114 

?Smh° , £§6-7.» amorths 7J0.7JJ5 
6 months 7J5-7M 12 mooHa BJJ0-7SS 


c an 

1 month 



1 month 
6 months 

1 m onjh 
6 months 

1 month 
6 m on th s 

7 days <4-44 
3 months 44- 44 
French Franc 
7 days B’.-fl’i 
3 months 13-124 
Swiss Frenc 
7 days 3><-3 
SmarShs 4 , er4 , « 

7 days TS-^h 
3 months 64-64 

1 month 
6 months 

Krugerrand* (psr coMk 
kS 5(W31 j 80P228J 
Sovereigns* (new): 
578.50-79.50 (ESk .50-6 


Fixed Rate Stetflng Export Ftnanca Schema IV 
Avsraga raterancs rate lor Msrast period 6 
November, 1985 to 3 December, 1985. 
Muslim: 11.612 psr cant 

B!>. 7T, T jll lW 


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European fee 
Do Acorn 
Do Accra, 




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Far End 

Hong Kan Frl . 


Japan ffert 
Japan Samar 

98.1 1M.4 
«8 735# 

B5.S BBS* 
1303 130S* 
1704 1875B 
1003 1093* 
1633 1809 
703 747* 

1303 W5.6 
1401 157.0 
1407 1502 
407 453* 

404 900* 

BOG 907 
105.1 1103 
709 773m 

SSJi 504 
SOS 027 
1103 1273 
32.0 35.1 

SI3 5940 
200 253 
IS73 170* 
1903 1703 
173 101 

181.1 1292 

S3 413 
154 177 

143 152 

50.1 534 

404 4830 

40 b 427 
B9.T 95.7 

553 S90 

223 24.1 

013 B5-7 

103 13.1 

34.7 37.0 

25.7 274 • 

303 323 


103 113 

674 700 

64.7 677 

.. 236 
4-12 1.70 
4-13 170 
412 347 
41.6 347 
-C3 024 
-09 994 
404 622 
403 052 
4*3 035 
*03 025 
403 1.0 
406 1.12 

412 0.70 

413 070 
401 113 
40.1 113 

-4L1 111 

400 342 

403 138 

401 225 

404 020 

-ai 02s 

+03 420 
414 534 

.. 10.47 

4-13 187 
.. 246 
407 043 

402 120 

402 130 
-02 0.79 

403 073 
+1-0 33* 
403 027 
40H 131 
414 054 

401 044 

402 127 

403 S40 
-402 2M 



403 4.11 
-- 014 

BMh Ftaod. CnanaMiHK Oaoeoanr OL53 7LQ 

UK Balancad ho SU 502 408 338 

DoAccun 5SG 502 403 3JB 

UK Grown ACEOn 501 fOS) +04 1GB 

UKMriitoctne 943 501 401 532 

NAnadcanAcaan 501 SB3 404 137 

FarEntmmAccun 513 553 -03 031 

Eaopeen Acaan 612 674 +13 j^} 

UK QK 6 Nine 473 BUS -82 aso 

Oo Acam 473 90S -02 93C 

35. FouWn 6i. Manriaata' 


EqutotanSBOi 633 673s 404 370 

tad! toeonre That $aa 847 402 OTS 

GB6 Feted en 473 5040 -02 @.73! 

TasOf fevriusa 573 t!3 403 177 

WvShTaal «« 073 *07 2M 

HtiAmwThw 503 533 404 131 

FwEoaMmTruac S32 506 404 066 


Sr. Geoy H aa Oorpondlan at Camay CW too 

UKOmwnAccun 1200 13*3 406 075 

Bofeeonw 1114 1105 413 075 

Hnhatac«eaan 19*3 2072 +07 on 

’SM 1#8J * a - T t60 

GBm/HxadteJW 907 954 -03 009 

Dofecona 706 827 -04 335 

NBi AmerTw Aecue 1222 1303 413 02* 

Far EeatTta Aeon 977 1039 +04 037 

BaoTHAeoan 12U 1313 *33 lin 

CanerWTrvat 1972 2003 403 3.13 


UKOmwUAccun 1200 13*3 

BoteDOn® 1114 1105 

mgrerfec*aaan 19*5 2072 

DotacnOB 1603 1887 

Gafe/Ffaed Acaan 90 7 B54 

ookKooa 708 827 

WiAmariu Acaan 1222 iau» 

Far Emit TMAceun 977 1033 

Bs ) Tat Acorn 12U 1313 

Goat* Treat 1972 2005 


l.teumnca PooMy M. London EC4R (KM 


American Fund B73 722 

CapURnd 952 W12 

IncamaFind 808 715 

F*r tewam Fund 542 582 

Ovanes taooraa 583 64.1 

Ffeedtaureat S3* 503 

MaoratnaaftM 4S3 *a £ 

Eurc p a ai Income 557 583 

403 027 
+12 046 
403 520 

402 047 

403 42* 
-03 938 

404 4.10 
403 4.14 

Hmr WLT onOrtdoa.nW 1DY 


Aawtean 146 

8-17. taiyonunt Hd. Kimnfe Hawn 


Qww diAccui n 
Oo buna 


515 55.1 

6*3 903 

1004 117.7 
1506 16*3 
909 1053 
542 500 

623 673 

5S2 503 

517 553 

3B7 307 • 

1231 1312 
292 312 

77a 3WC* Eveftano# Ufedcn HSFaJT 

Genoa! fee (4) 1775 1803 .. 433 

Do Aeon (4| 2797 2042 .. 43S 

fecam Fund pi OJ 04 ..635 

Do Acaan n W33 iBOO .. 32s 

fed Inc Bl 103.7 1062 .. £50 

DoAccunra US3 1413 .. 230 

SmUafeceT ^3-7 »S - 250 

DoAcoan (6] B22G 6002 .. 330 

125. K^iHalnnnb London WC1V6PY 

CS Japan Ftm 494 518 .. 041 

1. Oynmlc Way. Wametay, HAS ONB 

amwti 2304 2932 412 &B0 

income 2723 2607 409 5.18 

FaEaal 1253 133.1 -IL5 078 

Noraiftnanesi 1213 12M 413 123 


100 Ofe tenwflt London ECffl 1BO 


OtfUtn 2SS3 5004 .. 204 

meemin _ 2242 2362 .. 535 

North AnreleanpJ} 2344 2463 .. 121 

1. KfegWnaiSl BS4H7AU 
01 -09 <814 

OTiwt 902 1024 -841121 

77 London WM ECS 106 


feMFund 35735 .. 47G 

Fired ht 13545 .. 10JSS 

Depaw .. 1120 

auuoncs official on/tamarr turn 

77, Laedon WH. London ECBI 1DB 

321.11 548 


Hot Income EqOty 
9oufe East Aala Tat 
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toe ere- increase to not less toaq £4.2 
£60 nriHioitbefoi&taxintheyearto 
** tofflffl&^Jpodwin. Tbe other June. On ‘ this basis the 
E btmcmsof raror accounting tnmhnum tender price of 320p 

tet This seems, io~be to& ^ch allow. GA to take m the., a- share represents 13 times 
philosophy . toKte^nniM fuD yeai's profitsfrom Pilot - earnings. 

General Anjpeol s£lQQ m3- - and also to make use of .'its Aramst the curren t growth 
hon aajnismoiu of Htot-In- distributable reserves make the ’. rate tot looks modest, but there 
SU r2 e ^SSf Ia ’i^^ ; \ deal ;look that pttie 1st better. . are plenty of risks. Fust, nearfy 

two thirds of net income comra 

iuc mww i Hm -uuunmec mar- oenents ot merger a m>w»ting 
ket. This seems, to be the- which allow. GA to take in the 
philosophy . anderaimring , full veal's orofits from Pitot. 

its general Canadian business Bie tedlf " 1 • 

but tbe. company is st£D r-^ — as-..-.- " 

SLlSS ; : 

its continued firito in i the. The Really Useful Group is 

. ^>outtoaddspccessintbeCity 

Hint am a muaIWii Tn-»~r «- m ^ m m V# ■ ^ t • • a < *< ■ .4 _ . 

.... Agamst the ennent growth 
rate tbt looks modest, but there 
are pfen ty of risks. Fust, nearfy 
two thirds of net income comes 
from the . United' States so the 
company 1 is vulnerable to 
swings m ' exchange rates. 
Second,, some of toe shows 
could be failures. 

- Star struck investors win 

•Ul . ; < « J . . . -ir WWMH* Ml WAV OUVOA UlV»tUia «VUi 

Pilot is a quality to; rts-longhst of fcrtsjn the have Kttle regani to tome risks, 
has carved out. a mche in West End and dn Broadway, in particular awwmwg the 

has <aryed oot. a mdbe m Wst KnH and on Broadway. 
Ontario; writing sound profit* Private investors especially arc 
able business through good;’, already showing ■’ e n ormo u s 

qftnrnn/ KnW -** ■ -— - 1 . .1 ; "r» D . - y. 


careful interest in the flotation. Even 

commercial control. . ...The' so, t he company ^ a * fjnwa xo 
company has hardly ever made, take out insurance in the form 

an underwriting loss since it 
was formed in 1927. ' - 

The price GA has had to pay 
is certainly not in toe January 
sales category. Even at 1 1 times 
prospective earnings it is tor 
from a bargain. - - 
The deal will certainly 
improve ' GA’s earnings ' but; 

of a tender issue , rather than 
optmg for a fixed-price offer for 
sale. ■; ■ • . . 

A cautious approach - is 
, nnderatandabie. With no simi- 
lar companies quoted on the 
stock . market, valuing The 
ReaHyUseful Group is tricky. 
It is not as’if it has much in the 

there wffl be no- economies of -.way of tangible assets, 
scale since Pilot win be run as a ' What is. does have -is Mr 
“stand -atone” business. The Andrew Lloyd Webber, or 
scope for growth is restricted to . rather the copywright to most 
Ontario and to a certain extent of the musicals, he has written 
Alberta' but with Pitot's, tin- and to any, he may write in the 
dition of writittg Only sound, next fervent years. Mr WeStfs. 
business 7 it is hanf to see tog- Creative tiuenis are \ outstafid- 
improvements without some fog, certainly -when coupled' 
deterioration in quality. with his contmonaal success: 

Perhaps the management asse J hef reprtteats is 
style of Pilot will inspire GA’s attractive, 

executives to improve their . On the other hand, investors 

current drab performance. But have oo guarantee that- he- will •* 

there willbe no- formal links. - 
There must also .be- some 
doubts about the changes' in toe 

continue to write, at least not 
at the same rate as in recent 
years. Any 'financial incentive 

Canadian motor insurance^ shH has will surely have 
industry where Pilot earns 72 evaporated wth flotation. For 

per cent of its premiums.' 

New las have . led to an 
extension of tbe insurers* 
liability to such an extent that 
one claim has already been 
made on behalf of a Canadian: 

toe time being, however,, bis 
interest is very active, with 7%e 
Phantom of the Opera just 
launched sad . several other 
projects in mind, \ 

Even if he protoices nothing 

foetus. Pitot has 5 per cent of - new. The Really Useful Group 
the Ontario car market and will continue to grovMn toe 
although its reserves are said to short term. It has its own 

be well equipped to cope with momentum; - from existing 
the increased amount of claims : shows which take time to 
there must be rome .fingering ' become profitable. Starlight 
doubts about its future impact . Express. far example, Jaundied 
The deal was given a muted in May I984. didnotrecoup its 
reception by the stock market expenses fchtil 13 months later, 
and the shares dropped 7p to- so toe current year will be toe 
733p. However, the 14.3 fiistlo benefit from its profits, 
million shares put on the Cats, which last year contrib- 



million shares put on the Cats: which last year contrib- 
market as part of the vendor uied '87 per cent of net income, 
placing arrangements at 707p wifi therefore become less 

were snapped up first thing ' centraL Other projects have yet. 
yesterday morning. The placing tocontobute.. «lvantage of the strengto of the 

cotild- have been tip to four-' - .As a. ' result^, pixmts ' toonld-i : share price, ‘ 239p. capitalizing 
times dvetsohscribbd:. ''4i ^jOQmatiuenpWaESslfor ^a.'wdufa&JtlipiiQsijKss at mare than £90 
That vendor- placing -also: longer.' Last year they rose million, to launch a bid which 
allows GA to. adopt merger from £1.74 nuBion to £2.70 could dramatically ncrease the 
accounting forthe Pilot acqiri- million and they are forecast to _ size of toe group. 

m particular concerning the 
long-term future of the com- 
pany. They shodld tender for 
shares at 150p or more. 

The next takeover move by Mr 
Grc^ Hutchings* industrial 
holding group,. FH Tomkins, is 

holding group,. FH Tomkins, is 
liketyto be soon, and could be 
big. The former Hanson Trust 
corporate planner A-nd his 
young management team have 
every reason to feel satisfied 
that their Wend of financial 
skills and motivation paid 
off al their ' keenly observed 
mini-conglomerate. They may 
feel it is time' to secure 
promotion to a higher division. 

Tomkins reported a. 97. per 
cent improvement in profits at 
the halfway stage to £2.4 
million yesterday, with earn- 
ings per share, up by 42 per 
cent Dividends are befog 
raised 29 per cent to Ip a share. 

' Mr Hutchings,' by a mixture 
of good fortune ana flair, has 
avoided anymajor problems in 
the hotchpotch of companies 
he has taken aboard. .He has 
imposed financial controls, 
provided the right incentive to 
management and the cash 
where it has been needed; and 
waited for results. Generally,- 
he has not been disappointed. 

A few problems remain with 
the French industrial fasteners 
business, Hayters, tbe lawn- 
mower manufacturer, is in 1 
better shape: some ~old Span- 
ish customs” have been cut 
out. -The parrel of' GKN 
companies bought for £11 
million will make an eight- 
month contribution to the full 
year, which indicates an out- 
come oF about £6.3 minion 
compared with £3.2 millio n. 

' The- market is looking for 
more action. Mr Hutchings is 
likely to be tempted to take 

could- have been-- tip to fiiiir- 
I tunas oversubscribed: , ^ : * 

drive to 
aid small 

ByTeresa Poole 

Mr David-Txippier, Minister 
for Small Businesses and Tour- 
ism. plans a new drive on 
training for small businesses. 

He has asked the ManpoVer 
Services, Commission to report 
by next' month on improving 
t raining facilities. A gap in the 
available programmes for firms 
with between five and SO 
employees will be emphasized. 

” We want to see an improve- 
ment in the training field, 
makin g management ' training 
more readily available to the 
small businesses we are encour- 
aging” Mr Trippier said yester- 

Under the Enterprise Allow- 
ance Scheme, 110,000 busi- 
nesses have been set up and the 
department etaim? that three 
out of four have succeeded. 

Early this year, Mr Trippier 
will announce specific training 
proposals for people on the 
scheme but suggestions that the 

trai ning - might be mandatory 

appear to have been abandoned. 

The 300 Local Enterprise 
Agencies are expected to play an 
important part to the training 
facilities after tbe increase to 
£2 5 million in government 
funds. The number of agencies 
is seen to be near saturation 
level and the emphasis now wifi 
bb on improving the support 
they offer smafi companies. 

The MSC will report on 
existing training and how 
material could be developed, 
with emphasis 00 tbe enterprise 

“We want to matn training 
more relevant to small finns. I 
think that the «t»h 11 business- 
man is confused by the 
considerable number of training 
courses available,” Mr Tripper 

A substantial increase in the 
present £14.3 rnillinn budget 
from the Department of Em- 
ployment for the MSCs train- 
ing for enterprize schemes is 
expected next year. Ministers 
want improved management 
training to reduce the genera] 
failure rate for small companies, 
which is one to three to the first 
three years of business. 

“I want to see an improve- 
ment fo the net increase of 
small firms. My ambition is to 
get the failure rate down to one 
in five. Small firms hold the 
answer to dealing with the 
problem of unemployment,” 
Mr Trippier said. 

Attempts to reduce excessive 
bureaucracy for small -busi- 
nesses will' include- the-- publi- 
cation, possibly fo May, of a 
White Paper on further cutting 
of red tape affecting small firms. 


MARINE OHi At an extraordinary . INVESTMENTS: The AosuaJira 
meeting held onJan 6 tbe resolution’ public has. taken to investing 
10 approve the acquisition by f mtemationally with the first-ever 

illr 1 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 






1 t' ii -*» 


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. ft'i -'i t) ( :T4~ i 


F r L i i l 'P-* J 

rill h Iil.ViTVwT 1 ! 


being paid and the board intends to* for - £375,000 in ca di. Rush 
recommend a final. of not.less than Tompkins has a five year option to 
last year’s 8^p. ' pcmhare fiMrematair« toares. 

More company news on page 24 

m/i b; — a n 

i'T r -3 t xinm 

Investors in industry 



6nujthsn Year to 

September*) MudiK 

■ - BBS . : . . 19B4- - M85 

. : . £000 ,(jD00 . . . .../JC0 

Group income ,95^31 . 8W98 . 174398 

Associated Conqamcs .. 23G 2j36 2S13 

laaHnefrcmt y e u t innii 98,273 9L334. 179,311 

Operating coess . 17JI86 14W • . . 3 ^ 2P - 

Profit before interest c® . -- . 

taCIOI 00 

ExcepdonJ kem-nme 

World oD prices will bottom 
out at around S23 a barrel in 
1987, but will rise throughout 
the 1990s to S70 a barrel by the 
year 2060, according to a survey 
by DRI Europe today. 

The survey says that Britain’s 
coal demand will peak at 118 
milfioii tonnes in 1987 as stocks 
are built op at power stations to 
offset the threat of another 
miners strike, but wiD then fall 
to near toe current levels as 
mpre nuclear power stations 
come into operation. 

DRI, toe world's leading 
independent supplier of econ- 
omic information, bases predic- 
tions mi Britain’s coal use on the 
assumption that toe Sinvdl B 
unclear power station project in 
Suffolk will be approved by the 
Government and wiD be finished 
between 1995 and 2005. 

The survey adds that after 
1987, following the completion 
of the advanced gas-cooled 
unclear 'power reactors at 
Heysham in Lancashire and 
Tontess in Lothian, coal de- 
mand will foil from the 118 
million tonnes of 1987 to nearer. 
78 million tonnes, the 1984 

However, the disma ntlin g of 
some of Britain’s flrst-gener- 
atioa nuclear power stations and 
toe increased industrial demand 
for coal will keep demand at 
about 74 utinkRi tonnes until tbe 
end off the century. 

The survey predicts that, in 
toe 1990s, British Gas Corpora 
atom, which, is about to be 
privatized, wiD suffer from 

supply difficulties because of the 
Government vetoing toe con- 
tract to buy £20 billion ' of 
natural gas from the Norwegian 
Sterpner flfW T 

DRI says that British Gas 
will have to use hs option to 
interrupt supplies to big indus- 
trial customers, which buy gas 
in bulk, to meet its statutory 
requirement to meet domestic 
demand. The report suggests, as 
have internal British Gas 
forecasts, that Britain could lose 
its self-sufidency in natural gas 
in the 1990s and will have to 
return to negotiating purchases 
from Norway. 

DRI forecasts that world oil 
prices will not start to rise in 
real terms in European cur- 
rencies until 1995. It adds: 
“After 1985, therefore, Europe 
sees felli ng energy prices, with 
oil prices not only falling but 
gaining fo competitive advan- 

“Despite a moderate recovery 
in oil consumption between 
1985, toe trend away from oQ is 
not expected to be reversed. 
Oil’s share of primary energy 
requirements, 47 per cent m 
1983, falls to 4&5 per cent by 
1990 and to 36 per emit by 

The total European demand 
for electricity win rise by 1.7 per 
cent a year between 1990 and 
1995, and by 0.7 per cent a year 
between 1995 and 2005, with oO 
raw tin ning to lose its share of 
the power generation market to 
nuclear power and coaL 

Marine Design to study 
fuel savings for ships 

By Our Energy Correspondent . 

The Department of Trade Shipbuilders. It will investigate 
and Industry has commissioned hull design and the adoption of 

D«e!aV Cnk<w.W««alJMa v ami <n«tt nltnvMotivm niitin aannfr tn enn 

British Shipbuilders' new sub- alternative engineering t o- see 
sidiary company. Marine Do- bow fuel savings can be made, 
sign Consultants, to produce a _ . 

eomurebensive studv in to ways _ The consultancy, which wifi 

comprehensive study in to ways in ® consultancy, wrnen win 
of miking ships more fuel do the work with Newcastle 
efficient . University’s Department of 

. Naval Architecture, already has 
The subsidiary started : on spent the equivalent of 20 mas 
January 1 as part of a years on a md efficiency study 
restructuring within British for British Shipbuilders. 



Lonrho may be Pickens’ bid 
target as its shares soar 

Hopes are high of more 
action in Lonrho shares, though 
the price has already risen more 
than 40p in the past two 
i months. Last night Lonrho 
i dosed at yet another high of 
206p, up 2p on the day. 

Full-year figures are due at 
the end of this month, and 
analysts are optimistic about 
the profits figure and dividend 
payout. Both Kitcat Sc Aitken 
and Simon & Coates, the 
brokers, estimate the pretax 
profit will be £160 million for 
1984-85, against £135.4 million 
the year before. 

Mr Mike Smith, of Simon & 
Coates, also reckons a total 
dividend of 13p will be paid this 
year, raising the yield on 

A 50p-a-share takeover bid is 
said to be fo toe wings for 
Campari International, toe loss- 
making leisure equipment 
gronp. Tbe shares have edged 
ahead in the past month but 
yesterday eased lp to 40p. 

Lonrho to 9 per cent. At the 
same time the p/e rating will be 
an unde manding 8.3 even on 

the current share price. 

From a net asset view Lonrho 
looks' even cheaper. While Mr 
Smith reckons, cautiously, that 
Lonrho is worth roughly 320p a 
share, Mr Bob Carpenter, of 
Kitcat, suggests a net asset value 
of around 400p. Princess 
Properties, incorporating the 
group’s hotel interests fo the 
Americas, is probably worth 
£350 million on its own. 

With those figures fo mind, it 
is not surprising that market 
men are speculating about more 
than just the annual results, 
though those figures alone are 
expected to push the share price 
to 22 Op. The speculation is that 
Mr Roland “Tiny” Rowland, 
chairman of Lonrho, is about to 
find himself battling to keep 
control of his assets. 

Two months' ago. Gulf 
Fisheries sold the last of its 

By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

holding fo Lonrho - 7.5 per cent ably weak with fells reaching 
of the shares - and the City has £%. 

yet to hear who bought An The early share strength was 
injunction placed on die sale by ideal for the £100 million 
a Japanese trading house, placing of the General Accident 
Nissho Iwai Corporation, effec- insurance group. To pay for the 
lively prevented formal regis- acquisition of toe Pilot In- 
Iration of the new shareholder, surance Co. of pmfl da - 
or holders. acquired from Mr. Saul Stein- 

There is talk that Mr T Boone berg’s Reliance Financial 
Pickens was a buyer. Mr Services Corporation - Hoare 
Pickens is well known fo toe US Govett and Savory Milln, the 
for his share trading, and his brokers, placed more than 14 

penchant for cheap assets. 

million GA shares al 707jx The 

However, Lonrho’s company placing was an immediate sell- 
secretary, Mr Michael Pearce out GA shares fell 7p to 733p. 
said: “We are not aware of any United Computer and Tech- 
activity in Lonrho shares by Mr oology gained lOp to 106p. 
Pickens” Mr Pearce also said Harvard Securities, which is 
toe dispute over the Gulf stake making a contested £2.9 million 
has been settled, and that, as for all-share offer, has lifted its 
as he was aware, those shares - 

had eventually been sold Peter Black, tbe shoe to kuaage 
through the market group which supplies Marks 

Nevertheless, _ toe talk is and Spencer, is expected to 

strong, su gg es ting the Mr announce interim nrnfits of 

snong, su gg es ting . the Mr announce interim profits of 
Pickens ana associates each about £3 millio n on Friday 
have shareholdings just under compared with £239 millio n 
the 5 per cent declaration limit The shares were firm at 226p 
and are preparing to offer 320p yesterday and could go higher, 
a share and await Mr Rowland s 

reacIlon - shareholding to 29.9 per cent by 

Last month two New York buying shares at 95p each, 
mutual funds bought a 4.7 per Bett Bros, the builder, rose 8p 
cent stake in Lonrho, though to 8 Ip on suggestions of a bid 
the manager Heme Securities from Scottish Heritable Trust, 
has stayed tight-lipped about BSG International, improved 
the purchase. Speculation fo ty 2 p to 27 S'jp. The Company 
London is that Heine and the has been making tbe insti- 
funds are part of a consortium. rational rounds and de Zoete & 

Worries that interest rates Beyf* toe broker, believes 
will be forced higher to defend 1985 profits unll be £6.6 
sterling, drained the market’s million. The analyst, Mr Roy 


Sweetman, expects £8.2 million 

Equities had started toe last There was some heavy selling 
leg of a three-week account on a 0 f Distillers shares in late 
bright note. At the first ealeu- trading as rumours swept 
laiion the FT 30-share index through the market that toe 
had stretched to a new trading bitterly contested bid from 
peak of 1,156. 1 with a 6.5 points Argyll Group would not, after 
gain. alL be cleared by Mr Leon 

But from then on enthusiasm Brittan. Trade and Industry- 
evaporated. At toe close the Minister, today, 
index was d own 7.8 at 1,141.8 Distillers shares, up to 501 p 
points. The FTSE share index at one time as toe market 

fell 5.7 points to 1424. ] . 

anticipated today’s clearance. 

Government stocks, in such fell back to 495p when the 
an atmosphere, were predict- doubts set in. 

Gnfoness, thought to be keen 
to counter Argyll's bid for DCL, 
eased 3p to 318p. Vanx 
Breweries, on Lad broke Group, 
takeover hopes rose 5p to 36Sp. 
Ladbroke gained 4p to 327p. 

Sears, the stores group, 
slipped rip to I I2p after 
registering a 3p gain in early 
trade. A more cautious line is 
now being taken about year’s 
profits and at least one broker 
has cut its profits forecast. 

Oils were mixed. Takeover 
hopes continued to fuel Barmah 
Oil, up 10p at 227pi Lasmo fell 
I7p to 21 6p. 

A newcomer International 
Business Communications, 
placed at 75p. started at 78p. 

Imperial Gronp fell lOp to 
248p on worries that toe 
Hanson Trust bid will be 
referred to the Monopolies 
Commission. United Biscuits 
felt 9p to 229p. 

AB Electronics improved on 
hopes of orders from Jaguar 
which gained 3p to 348p on its 
US sales success. Alien, the 
electrical group where a share 
stake will be announced this 
week, hit 79p but fell to 64p. 
down I Op on the day. 

Godfrey Davis, the garage 
group fell Ip to (07p on its £2 
million acquisition of two more 
park home sites. A further deal, 
on the prefabricated building 
site, is expected soon. 

• Traded options business 
surged yesterday, shrugging ofl 
the Christmas torpor. Total 
volume for the day reached 
16.007 contracts. roughly 
double the daily totals seen last 
week. Lonrho stood out on the 
lists with 2.371 contracts 
traded, reflecting the heavy 
speculative interest in shares of 
the overseas trader. Distillers 
was the only other option to 
show a four-figure total - 1 .239 
contracts - and there were few 
significant price changes. A 
reminder for investors - this 
Friday, the 10th. is expiry day 
for January traded options. 

Application will be made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for die whole of the ordinary share 
capital of The Really Useful Croup pic issued and being issued to be admitted to the 

Official List 


(Registered in England No. 1240524) 

Offer for Sale by Tender 


J. Henry Schroder Wagg & Co. Limited 

of 5,000,000 ordinary shares at a minimum tender price 
of 320p per share, the price tendered being payable in full 

on application 


The Group’s principal activity is to develop and exploit the 
copyrights and other rights which it owns in musical and dramatic works, li 
markets these rights internationally through theatre productions, 
recordings, music publishing, merchandising and television and video film 
productions. The Group pays royalties to the composers and authors of 
the works in respect of copyrights which it exploits. 

The Group’s principal assets are copyrights in theatrical works for 
which Andrew Uoyd Webber has composed fee music. These comprise 
Cals, Starlight Express, Song And Dance and a new work which is being 
developed. The Phantom Of The Opera. The Group will also acquire the 
copyrights to all other new works completed by him during the next seven 
years, in return for fixed commercial rates of royalty. His earnings as a 
composer do not form part of fee Group’s net income. 

The Group also produces other theatrical shows and owns and 
manages the Palace Theatre, London. 

The application lists for the shares now being offered for sale will 
open at 10a.m. on Tuesday, 14th January, 1986 and may be dosed at any 
time thereafter. 

Copies of the Listing Particulars and Application Forms may be obtained from:— 

J. Henry Schroder Wagg & Co. Limited, Phillips & Drew, 

• 120 Cheapside, London EC2V 6DS 120 Moorgate, London EC2M 6XP 

and from National Westminster Bank PIC at the following addresses:— 

. New Issues Department, 2 Princes Street, London EC2P 2BD 
103 Colmoie Row,Binningham B3 3NS 14 Blythwood Square, Glasgow G2 4AQ 
32 Com Street, Bristol BS99 7UG 8 Park Row, Leeds LSI IQS 

80 George Street, Edinburgh EH2 3DZ 19 Shaftesbury Avenue, London W1V 8AL 

The offer is advertised in foil will an Application Bona in toe Fmandal Times and the Daily ^ Telegraph today. 

7th January, 1986 




pike movements. Add them op la gjweyoa your over- 
all total. this against the dally dividend figure 
pubfiibed on this page. 

K il nKBcbca you have woo outright or a abate of 
the total daily pros money stated. H yea are a winner 
foflow the danuBoccctae on the back of yo u r c ar d. 

Early gains lost 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Dec 23. Dealings End, Ian 1 0. i Contango Day, Jan 1 3. Settlement Day, Jan 20. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 

daijly dividend 

£ 2,000 

Claims required for 
: 449 points 






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11 65 63 

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213 130 

193 81 

173 114 

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Aiaotaoraa 300 

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I trust*, page 20 

SHORTS (Under Five Years) 

10134 8938 Exdl 11%* 1968 

0?, Off, Train C 10% 1085 

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ICO ST 1 , E*eac 117:% I! 

101% sa% Trsas IK. Y 

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103% 1Dl"a Exsn 14% 1 

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100% Bn, Tiros 10H 

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111% 89% End 

117% 104% Bren 13**1 

114 86% Trass 1ZW 

C3% 7^» Fund 9\ 

121% IDG 1 , Trots 13W 

139*, 109% Tiros 1*W 

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King Cotton gives 
ECUs a future 


. This afternoon or this mom- 
*4g. depending on your where- 
abouts, the world's first Euro- 
pean Currency Unit futures 
contract wifi make its debut. 
But its patrons are not Euro- 
peans, as one might expect Nor 
even in this case are they from 
the windy plains of the Ameri- 
can Midwest They come 
instead in the somewhat im- 
probable shape of the new York 
Cotton Exchange. 

How this came to pass is a 
rather American story, to winch 
Europeans could listen with 
profit The London Inter- 
national Fi nancial Futures 
Exchange, which could reason- 
ably be considered the natural 
home of an ECU contract 
might particularly bend it ear. 

Until recently the New York 
Cotton Exchange was a bit of a 
joke. Cotton, in common with 
other agricultural contracts, was 1 
very depressed. When a booklet 
burst on the market in the early 
1970s the shortage of brokers 
was so acute that they had to be 
flown in from Chicago. The 
exchange's propane and orange 
juice futures contracts were 
insufficient to prevent a slow 
death - despite the occasional 
notoriety of “QJ", as it is 
known in bars round the World 
Trade Centre. 

The answer was Finex, the 
Financial Instrument Exchange, 
set up as a division of the 
Cotton Exchange. On first 
hearing, it was not a good idea. 
New York's reputation as a 
centre for financial futures 
could be better, and who wants 
more financial futures con- 

But the approach was shrewd 
It combined three elements: 
finding new contracts for which 
there was a genuine need and 
demand: aiming them squarely 
at speculators and locals; and 
taking a long-term view. 

The new contracts are the 
dollar index, launched in 
November and the ECU. Mr L 
Hunt Taylor, vice-president of 
Finex, sells the dollar index 
contract with transatlantic 
bluntness: “1 challenge anyone 

to find a contract with- more 
fundamental appeal than a 
dollar index.** 

It is difficult to contradict 
him. The contract traded 11,000 
lots on the first day — the third 
highest for a new contract in 
American history - and aver- 
ages around 3,500 daily. New 
lire, not to mention income, has 
been breathed back into the 

But he accepts that the army 
of Merrill Lynch salesmen who 
have brought a steady speculat- 
ive trade onto Finex -up to half 
the volume ha$ originated 
outside Finex - may find selling 
the ECU contract is harder. 
Everybody knows about the 
dollar, and many need a hedge 
against it. But as Mr Taylor 
wryly says of the ECU: “A lot of 
traders > think it's a small 
flightless bird from New Zea- 

The hope, nevertheless, is 
that speculators and locals - 
independent floor traders - wifi 
be emboldened by their profit- 
able experience with the dollar 
index to try the ECU. Beneath 
all the talk of “synergy” there is 
a serious point movements of 
the ECU and the dollar index 
showed a 99.8 per cent corre- 
lation. In other words, they are 
close enough for one to hedge 
the other. Finex is patient about 
spreading the word on the ECU, 
even though options contracts 
on both it and the dollar index 
are planned. 

What is important, however, 
is that Finex is not pinning its 
hopes on institutions to support 
either of these contracts. The 
institutins will follow the 
speculators and locals, exactly 
the reverse of thinking at Lifle. 
While Liffe and other London 
exchanges squabbled about an 
ECU contract, they were dished 
by the upstart cotton traders, 
who themselves are soon to be 
followed by the Chicago Mer- 
cantile Exchange. It all malms 
one wonder how big a financial 
futures trading centre London 
can become. 

Michael Prest 


Wordplex Information Sys- 
tems: Mr Marshall Leopold has 
become non-executive director. 

County Bank: Mr Ian (Tim) 
CL. Ferguson and Mr Stephen 
Westyfel have joined the board. 

British Caledonian: Mr Brian 
Davies has-been made engineer- 
ing director. 

.Winchester Bowring: Mr G. 
J. S. Cull am and Mr G. H. G 
Wakefield become directors. 

Streets Financial: Mr John 
Coles, Mr Keith Harm and Mr 
Toby Mountford have been 
made directors. 

Hunting Associated Indus- 
tries: Mr R.- H. Hunting and Mr 
G. H. Williams have joined the 

Panoell Kerr Forster Mr 
Robert Hawkins has been 
appointed a partner in the Great 
Yarmouth and Norwich prac- 

Alexander Howden & Black: 
Mr N. J. Robson, Mr C. F. 
Turner. Mr J. A. Bogardes, Mr 
R. A. lies. Miss F. Pellant, Mr 
G. C. Roots, Mr R. F. 
Thompson and Mr A. L 
Williams, have been made 

Edward Erdman: Mr Trevor 
Morgan becomes a partner. 

John Laing Construction: Mr 
Frank McLonghlin and Mr 
Stuart Doughty have joined the 
board. Mr Oliver Whitehead 

becomes chairman of John 
Laing International and Mr 
Peter Beatty joins the board of 
Laing Management Contract- 
ing. ■ 

>VHt - 

Dr David Molyneux has been 
made managing director of 
Carbolfte Furnaces. 

Project Software and Devel- 
opment: Mr Thomas Erickson 
becomes managing director of 

Associated Energy Services: 
Mr W. M. L. Fullerton joins the 
board and becomes executive 
chairman succeeding Mr P. N. 
Hewlett who is becoming a non- 
executive director. 

Whittingdaie: Mr Keith 

Holme has been made executive 


Acceptances for the Millbaok offer 
have been received for 1,032^43 
Towugrade shares (19.5 per cent). 
Before the offer, Mill bank owned 
3,745,720 Towugrade shares (70.7 
per cent). MiUbank now bolds 
4.777.813 shares ( 90.2 percent). 




ABN Bank 

Adam & Company 

BCCI -• 

Citibank Savings t 

Consolidated Ords — — 
Continental Trust —~ 

Co-operative Bank 


Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster . — — 
Royal Bank Scotland .- 


Citibank NA 



11 %% 


11 %% 


11 %% 

31 %% 




11 %% 

11 %% 

t Mortgage Base Rale. 

company has sold its subsidiary. 
Composite Structures, to its man- 
agement team. In 1983 this 
company was used to acquire the 
personnel and contracts of Atcost 
Projects which was engaged in the 
design and erection of precast 
concrete-stecl frames used by the 
construction industry. 

INGS: The board is to pay a 
preference dividend of 1 1.9p a share 
eliminating the accumulated prefer- 
ence dividends at Feb. 28, 1985 and 
a special ordinary interim of 14p to 
shareholders on the register at date 
of completion of rale of the 
Hil den borough, Kent, site, feu- £1.2 

company has announced comple- 
tion of a series of deals under 
which American Garrick Resources 
Corporation exchanged a 45 per 
cent equity interest in Renabie for a 
direct 45 interest in Renabie's 
assets. Barrick’s 50 per cent interest 
in Renabie is now represented by a 
45 per cent prop e rty interest and the 
holding of Cve out of a total of 
55 outstanding common shares. 
Cullaton Lake Gold Mines. 
Renabie's other shareholder, holds 
the remaining SO common shares. 




IT— irfitoil 

baU you tided 

1385 1984 

17,359 17,645 





Profit before tax TOO 0 




Fully diluted earnings per 
ordinary share of25p 




Dividend per ordinary 
share of 25p 




Dividend cover (times) 



Fully diluted shareholders 
finds per ordinary share 




• Profit before tax up by 26% 

• Folly dflnted earnings per ordinary 
share up by 56% 


Maribor. Yugoslavia (Reuter) - 
Vreni Schneider skied a fine second 
leg yesterday to snatch victory from 
the defending -World Cup champion 
and fellow Swiss Micfada Hgirn, in 
the first women’s giant slalom of die 

Schneider, who was lying second 
to by 0.11 of a second -after 
the mat leg, flashed down the 43- 
gate course, with a drop of 327 
metres, in lmin 17.58sec for a 
combined time of 7-min 31.90sec. 
Figini, who conld manage only 
1:18.80 for the second leg, returned 
a combined tune of 233.01. Marina 
Xiehl was third in 2£3.37. 

Figini had the consolation of 
talcing first place in the combination 
as yesterday's race counted with the 
last downhill in Val dTjCre on 
December 13, when she finished 

'the win was the third of 
Schneider's career. “I was very 
nervous today but I bad some of the 
best times of the Swiss team in 
training before the season and I was 

In the swing: Vreni Schneider on her way to giant slalom 

Schneider snatches 
win from Figini 

sure 1 was going to do well in. the 
World Cup", she said. 

Figini could not hide her 
disapp ointment. “Tve never had 
sucb a bad race in all my life", she 
said tearfully. 

The Wood. Cup leader, Erika 
Hess; finfrfied twelfth but still 
retained her overall lead. 


1. V 


Schneider (Swtof 2n*t 

.233X1: 3. MKMd 

„ M Gan (VTO) 23448: 6. T 

n £3*m 8. M MaHser (tMCrt 
Sv* (Vug) 235-07; 8. M 
~ 235X3; 9, B FonwnCta- 

„ Kb 10. H Ztfsr (SwftzJ 

^ . A Wadtiar (AuatrM 23GJ21 ftE 
Hew (Serin]. 235X0; 13. O.Charatova (Cx) 
235X9: 14. M Hen (Swttz) 23622; Iftl 
Sabwanoser (Austria) : 

COMBMAT10N: 1, 1 
19X8; 3, KtoM ~ 

Matter 345ft 


Qorg rn 3. Mmektor 83; 4, Walker 

CHEN: A men's World Cup 
dow nhill race scheduled for Friday 
has been cancelled because of a 
shortage of snow. 

Edalini has 
cup first 

Vienna (Reuter) - Ivano frfafini . 
of Italy, scored his first win on the 
World Cup circuit yesterday in a 
parallel slalom through the woods. 
Markus Wasmeier, of West Ger- 
. many, was second and Austria's 
Anton Steiner third. 

Edalinfs win and the fourth place 
of Marco Trmazzi boosted Italy’s 
Nations Cup points tally but the 
race did not count in the indivdua] 
World Cup. 

Wasmeier threw away victory by 
catching his stick in a gate and going 
out in the second of the final runs 
after building up a big lead on the 
first leg through the 23 gates. Edalini 
was also blessed with luck in the 
semi-final when Steiner, »i«n 
leading after the first run, miawi 
the fourth gate from last on the 


Wasmeier (WGfc 3. A Steiner (Austria): 4, M 

Tonazzi m EL P FronvnaR (Liochft 6. M Julen 
(Swflzfc 7, L Stock (Austria}: 8, P Zurtirkn 
(Switzfc 9. J Oaspoz fewte); 10. B Krtza| (?u 
It, R Pra uinuttun (Ift T2, H Strolz (AuMrl 
13, R PsVOiric (Yugfc 14, M Hangl (Ssritzk 15, 
GMtieS (Lud. 


746 pta: 2. Austria 603; 3, Italy 335; 4, West 

Gennany 228; 5, Sweeten. 


Wilander out with arm injury 

Atlanta (Renter) - Mats Wil- 
ander, of Sweden, has withdrawn 
from an eight-man round-robin 
tennis tournament here this week, 
because of an arm injury. However, 
the injury is not expected to keep 
Wilander out of the Masters 
championships, which start a week 
today ax Madison Square Garden. 

Wuauder has been replaced in the 
event, which started last nigh t, by 
his compatriot, Stefan Edberg- 
Wilander developed an inflam- 
mation in his right arm during the 
junior Masters tournament in Berlin 
late last week but continued to 
compete, losing in the final to West 
Germany's Boris Becker. 

BOXING: Livingstone Bramble will 
defend his World Boxing Associ- 
ation (WBA) lightweight title 
against Tyrone Crawley on Feb- 

ruary 16 in Reno, Nevada, the 
promoter, Bob Arum, announced 
yesterday. The bout had been 
scheduled for November 23, but 
Crawley suffered a hand injury. 

HOCKEY: England have named 
two new caps for the home countries 
indoor quadrangular championship, 
at - Crystal Palace on January 10 and 
1 1. They are Imaran Sherwani and 
Darren Willis. Scotland are the 
defending champions. 

SQUAD: J Hint (St Afeans), D Sm0h 
(Brumby), D Faufcnor (FsahamL N Cbuk 
(Southgate), A HNMnjSt Altars), ■ Griniay 
(St Atana). R Unu (bat GrihstMKft J Ora* 
[Souttugrtoj. l Shanrani (StougW, P «rtobon 
(FMainc fa) . C Bradbury (Fa/rrinn). D WNta 

FIXTURES: Jammy lb Wand v Scotland 

Zaniroii held on to his overall lead 
through the second special stage of 
the Paris-Dakar ralHy on Sunday. At 
the overnight halt at In S alab , the 
French Mitsubishi driver - winner 
of hist year’s event - held a 13mro 
lead over the Pastis Range Rover of 
Jcan-Piene Gabreau. Fastest , on 
Saturday's first African stage, 
Zaniroii was beaten by his team- 
mate, Andrew Cowan 
over Sunday’s 360 Kilometres 
second section by one min u t e. 

B Gokw-ki Satan. 3S0 Kins): 
lUM Vtr21 into limes; 
(Wtetetttaft 132:12; 3. 
Detadrfara-Schatans (Debkft 1:233ft *■ 
Gstraau-Ptpat (Rmp Raw), 1 5. 

~ 13432; 6. 


Pottou (Toyota), 1: 





GLOUCESTER: Ahbey NtfonN Brttth llndar- 
19 tarts' Opm O u mptarttt: SamHlnate D 
Venty (Eng) bt F Geavea (Enfl) 9-ft 9-2. 10-9; S 
Marfa (Eng)tftF Hul Um(5hg) 9ft 9-4, 6ft* 

L^Kfor-16 Gnat S Wright (Bn) bt C Mac (Eng) 
1-8. 9-5, 9-4, (ML 





cup: ... 

10. RocMdrd tfcndrad 15c 
Bon Manor 18; Thunedc 9. CWnatord 
3, HariowS. 

COLTS CUP: FM rauntb 

Qwahont 17 , 

Ttricfcartum 4, Hondon 8. 

UAOIUD: Six-dsy racw , 

ray: 1, G Knoasnann (Nattiyj L 
64; 2, L Bgnon pYA Borafejo 
tapsrSi, P PMBmflmhyS Hanna 
Threa taps: 4, B Inconc 
5. J-L nndnntxuudcu 
Four taps; 6. L van vast 




U»A ng«MRmtani20 

Itai Man nmt Sunday ■ 
Cortarmc a cham p ionaWpL CMcaqo E 
IGamsO (Chtmo pteflag 

Patriots 77, 
*- — « ■ 

^ aara21, 

Naw Ynric Gtamsti (Chicago play Los Annato 
Ran hi Chicago naxt Mndty tor Ndotal 
Cu uh aa uu a d a nqUo n ililp). 



Wigan . 

First division 

Kino ato o 
Man Uhl 
Man Guns 








P W L Pta 

16 14 2 20 

12 12 1 Z4 

14 11 3 22 

16 11 5 22 

17 11 6 22 

17 11 6 21- 


St II Wan s 





Bradford N. 



P w o 

16 10 3 
IS 10 2 
IS 10 1 

13 10 0 
IS 6 4 

14 8 12 

15 8 2 

14 8 0 

15 7 12 

14 7 0 

15 7 0 

17 E 0 

18 5 0 
18 4 0 
15 3 2 
17 4 0 



8 18 
9 .16 

18 8 10 16 

Second cfivhrion 

P w D 
1815 0 


0 14 

15 8 9 12 



18 5 13 10 

9 12 WMsMM 




* 1 pt deducted lor GahSng InaUgHe pttyar 

UWTED STATUS: National AaaocMton (NBA): 
Portland TraB Btazan 138, Goidan Stats 



1814 0 

17 14 0 

18 13 10 
17 12 11 
1810 0 
16 810 
16 810 

8 0 

Warriors 123; Los 
Wattringte) Biritats 88; 
Sutes o ricsvWioaniaSuns 




W L 



25 7 




20 13 



Now Jwaay 

21 14 



N Yoric Knfcfcs 

18 17 
11 23 





W L 




24 12 







15 19 



15 19 




U 22 




10 22 





W L 



22 12 



20 14 



19 14 




15 15 




17 18 




11 22 




W L 




27 5 




22 IB 




13 20 




10 20 




11 23 

12 29 










L F 
3 282 

3 282 

4 416 

3 284 

4 345 

4 319 

5 293 

6 309 

6 321 

7 28+ 
9 248 

12 221 
13 228 

12 241 
10 198 

13 186 

L F 

1 578 

2 481 

3 405 

6 421 

8 347 


10 Z7B 

9 272 

10 236 
O 188 

11 224 

12 194 
16 172 

A Pts 
219 23 
224 22 
166 21 
184 20 
268 20 
214 18 
243 18 
207 16 
202 16 
2S9 14 
318 14 
334 10 
412 10 
811 8 
462 8 
462 8 

180 30 
152 28 
187 28 
197 26 
183 2S 
31 a 20 
327 16 
819 18 
278 16 
271 13 
338 10 
341 9 
387 9 
420 B 

556 S 

AUCKLAND: Grand Pita toumammfc Pint 
mat S Guy mz) bt P Johnston (AML 4-6, 
6-2, 7-S; C Mlar (Aiusjbt R Sttsd (Arm. 6-3, 
6-1; D Lewd (NZ) ttRRudam (USl 6-5, 2^8. 
6-2: M woodtedo (Aua) bt H ransrsbm 
8-8, 6-8; B DrawaOMuO bt B Stsvan 
B-3. 7-6; B Dorita (NZ) bt A Antoni . . 
8-3, 6-2; C Stanobisy (US) bt M 



TIVE MATCft: RAF 3, Sussex 4. 


K5CH0F8H0FEN, Austria: World Cup: 1. E 
VSttori (Austria), raSX ptt ~ 

Vottori (Austria), 

111m); 2. P Nar+arxBn* 
107 XL 3. R A 


NORTH AMERICA: NaHoual Laastw l 
Edmonttn Oflara 6. Calgary Flamsa 3: cHI 
Slade Hawks 3, Mlnnsaota Norm anV 

of 111m md 

221 X 

21 BX 


. . „ 1, Utaga. 97 pts; 

2, Nadandtnar, SQ: 8, Vsttofl, 92; 4. P Stnraa 
m e U Opsss (Norx 72. Taan 
s tw K wg a i 1. Austria. 241 pta; ST Aland. 234; 
8. Norway, 211: 4, YugoUnta. 145; 5. 
CzachoMcwaldta. 121. 


Depth Sum 

Fftftwrr of Waiilsir 

L U Plata - *C 
Avoritz 43 105 - 

COurdwHsa 75 80 - 

bwia 2000 90 120 - 

LaPtegiis 80 125 - - 

LSSAICS 80 170 - 

Las Manutraa S8 70 - - 

MfirtbN 35 B0 - - 



ft Toro nto Mapl aLaata 5? Wtartpag 


Patrick DMakm 

w L 

WBNltagton • 
Nitari: Rangers 

Adams League 

« 70 Hand - 

MS. 1? » : 

- 15 Pww - 

30 60 Hard - 

- M Hard - 

29 11 
24 10 
18 14 

17 21 

18 20 
13 29 


0 58 183 123 
4 52 156 128 
8 41 151 148 
2 35 142 189 
4 38 IBS 149 

1 27 138 172 





W L 

21 13 

22 15 

18 14 
18 18 

19 18 

T Pis F A 
4 48 174 128 
2 48 1EB 128 
7 43 151 135 
4 40 144 188 
1 39 151 151 


sssaf lp«*-. 

03. Tams 1, England. 2. Water, ft 

Norris Division 

W u 
.18 IS 
17 14 
14 17 
19 .22 
9 25 

T Pta F A 
4 40 170 173 

4 38133 138 
7 38 157 150 

5 25 141 188 
5 23 128 205 


BRITISH LEAGUE: bafcester 73. 21 Ashford 
Tamara 12. 

CHALLENGE MATCH: luttsnmlh Fame 17, 
Brentwood 72,20. 

Smyths Dhdaion 





VI. L .T Pts . F A. 
28 7 4*82 212 168 

17 18 3 37.131 148 

13 23 4 30 143 IBB 

13 25 4 30 154 196 

12 22 4 28 133 IBB 

25 . bo Pwdr Gd -4 

ChfsnpOty 20 80 Pwdr Gd -2 

Dwps as Hard W S 

k*)* ".. . 30 70 Pw* Gd -2 

QansUantana 30 50 Pwdr Fair -7 

MOnan 40 S3 Pwdr Gd -8 

40 70 Pwdr Gd -5 

s® to Pwdr Gd -5 

38 35 Pwdr Gd -10 

SCOTLAND: Cairngorm Upper ran: runs 
abnast co mplete, new snow on a Ann bass. 
IBddla luns runs ahnost contests Lower 
afopes no mow or very Uta new snow: 
VwHdta runs 1500 ft Ha roads dear. Mato 
roads dear. Enow tend 200 ft ttanafcaa : 
Umar runs: runa ahnoat cnmplata, raw snow 
tsmhtg. Lower afopea: tanHad nuraary areas, 
new WK>«. Vertical runs 1009 It' HR roads 
dear. Mafci roads dear. Snow lewal 1000 It 
Osnoos (open weakan da qrtfrt Uppar runs: 
anma ran m nte ata . hwd pwdtad snow on s 
hard base. Lower mopes: runs compM*. •** 
narrow hwd paehwl snow on a hard base. 
Vertical runa 1100 ft. He mate dear. Mato 
retda dear. Snow tovNUDD tt Udto Upper 
runs comptatay wide snow eowr, «aA snow. 
(Adda rum rant comphwa. raw, wet 
anaw wffli icy patches.. Lower atopaw antes 
rwsary wees. wetsnoK VarUcalniisTOOIL 
Wrrads daar. Mdn roada dasr. Snowtavsl 
2000 ft. 


another humiliation 

.'. Sydney (Renioz) — Australia, 
beaten in their previous four Tb« 
series; ■ .narrowly* avoided another 
defeat yesterday when they 

! tea draw in the third and 

ftpt pl Test Tnrlia Bt the 

Sydney Cricket Ground. 

The weakness of. Australia's 

batting' was again crposed by India, 
as the Shrvlsl Yadzv and 

Ravi Shastri, -with 11 wickets 
between them yester da y, fenced the 
hiamc side to fonow^n, then neatly 
stole victory u Australia coBapien 
to 119- for six in tfaar second 
innings. But Greg Ritchie-, and Ray 
Bright ■ survived the final seven 
overs "of {day to earn their ride a 
draw, the third in the series. ' 

Australia, s ee min g ly assured of a 
draw with their over ni g h t score of 
347 for four, collapsed to 396 all out 

m1S(>1w Amp *A»el 

in. reply & India's first hmings total 
of Kwfor four declared. 

Shastri started the rot by having 
the Australian captain Allan Battier 
superbly caught ai long on after he 
had added ouhr seven to his 
ovenodght score or 64 not out. 

When the., all-rounder Steve 
Waugh was next out, his ride 
needed only 14 runs to avoid the 
follow-on. But the last four wickets 

added Inst nine, to leave Australia 
facing their first defeat by India in a 
home series. 

David Boon and Geoff Marsh; 
the haves of the fiat innings, had 
an op e nin g stand of 37, but the 
dismissal of Boon triggered off yet 
another collapse. 

Boon was run out for 25, the only 
wicket yesterday not to fall to 
Yadav or Shastri, and was 
immediately followed -bade to the 

Three runs later Waugh, pro- 
moted in the order by Border fear the 
experience, was. out leg before to 
Shastri without scoring. Wa — 
Phillips hung on with the 
Ritchie for over an . hour 
being caught off Shastri, and 
Australia entered the final 20 overs 
in precarious state of 96 for four. 

Greg Mattews lasted 29 minutes 
before felling to Yadav, Border,, 
coming in at No. 7 was removed by 
Yadav for only four. 

But Ritchie, who scored 17 runs 
in ueazty. three hours, and Bright 
survived the last 20 ronntes to 
ensure that Australia did not lose 
their fifth successive series since 


115). . 

AUSTRALIA: FM tantog* 

•PCBoonbKapgDww— . .. ■■ — 

OR Narto o Qwuaktrb &XXr} *—— ® 

•A RBortwcffliWWAb Bharat '! 

GM RttcNacK«pSbYada v-~.. j. — j* 
iwBPWp>cSi*raiiitn>8»wrai... — J* 

Q R c Am agn tob b Ywlav « 

SR Waugh eSknltYtew— g 

RjaforacKknwnlbSlwral— — ® 

BR Rwdw Kbwwri bVad ay - , 

DRGfbWIC Ariwraddto bYKlrt — J 

(F-b14,n-b3) , 



DC Boon tel out — 


I W B^3£»cSrSrap« b SNMJ1-. 
GR Matthews cKwJ Povb Yadav- 
•A R Bwdw erShn&YaraiLH 
RJ Bright not out 


Total (Bwkia). 

FAIL OF WICKETS: 1-57, ZST. 3-60. 4-87. 


33-22-19-3; vnw — 

25-12-38-2: Sh> 9-0-37-0. 

Kept Oav 7-3-11-0; Vtew 
; Xm 3-0-11-0: Shastri 

Tour could put series at risk 

There is still oat cricket team 
regularly touring South Africa. The 
Unicorns women's side slipped 
fartfvefy out of London before 
Christmas for their fifth tear of the 
Republic since 1972. It could weO 
jeopardize a future series involving 
stand's wonen cricketers. 

The Unicorns are a private dob, 
not affiliated to ’ the Women's 
Cricket Association of England. Yet 
their 12-otrong party includes at 
least two women likely to come into 
contention for England's series 

ataitf fralla dtta mraimr sad the 

WtdCnp in 1987. 

CoSecm Roberts manager 
Sooth Africa's women's side 
admitted that V any of the Unicorns 
were selected for England, some 
gover nme nts might object fit b 
tremendous that they are prepared 
to sacrifice - their international 
careers by waring to play In Sooth 

“The women's game here is dying 

From Ivo Tennant, Cape Town 

through lack of international “We did not want any publicity in 
competition. Fo gtf>nd, T fo U fl Ml and order to avoid political issues”, said 
New Zealand all used to toor. Our Pamela Groves, England's captain, 
cricket Is fatly i ntegrated but “We believe that sport should be 
poUtidsns and lack of have kept oat of politics. Sport is the 

kHled off tonrs. Players are tmnhig greatest means of eomniiniicationj' 

to seftbeiT she said. 

Although South Africa still 
belongs to the International 
Women's Crittat Council, England 
would not consider sending a 
re p re se nt a tive side here at present. 
The Unicorns are the only cricket 
team from any comnry to make 
remdar visits. 

Their players, who mostly 
comprise ho us e* i res and teachers, 
and who are in the main county 
cricketers, have in part paid then- 
own way. They are sponsored, abm, 
by 10 firms which include prominent 
bat makers Duncan Fearaley, Gray 
Nkholls and Goon & Moore. Their 
two and a half week tom* lachtd— 
m a tche s agafatst rides of mixed 

South Africa hoped to send a 
te9 « i to Ta gtari last year hot did 
not so as to embarrass England's 
WCA. A decade ago its cricketers 
were among the best in the women’s 
game. Now, those same players still 
make up Sooth Africa's team. 

• PORT ELZABETH (Reuter) - 
Terry Alderman, the Australian 
bowler, sidelined for the past three 
weeks with a hack injury, passed a 
fitness test against the South 
African Universities XI yesterday. 
Although bowling well within 
himself, he took two for 32 in 19 
overs as the rebels took charge on 
the first day of their three-day 


aeons: south African Unfranttaa XI 219 tor 8 
doc (T G Shew Bft p Pnjflmr 3 tar 45): 


Johnson moves up 
a gear to win 

By Sydney Frisian 

Joe Johnson, of BradfonL seeded 
No. 16, made short work of Eugene 
Hughes, from the Republic of 
Ireland, in the fifth round of the 
Mercantile Credit classic at the 
Spectrum Arena, Warrington, yes- 
terday afternoon. Johnson won 5-1 
to set up a quarter-final meeting 
with GiffThorbum, of Canada. 

Johnson, who was beaten 9-2 by 
Thombnrn in the senn-finals last 
year, 'said; “I am looking forward to 
meeting Cliff so that lean teach him 
a lesson. That’s if anyone can do 

Hughes, who lives in East Ham 
has earned only £8,800 this season, 
compared with a total of £4,000 last 
season said: “I am disgusted with 
the way I played. I think I'll go out 
and play a few challenge matches in 
order to harden myselfT” 

: Hughes won the .first, .frame 
comforably enpugh, but this was the 
signal for Johnson to pul himself in 
higher gear. The man from Bradford 
won the next five frames in a row. 

compiling quick breaks of 37 in the 
third frame, 34 and 37 in the fourth. 

Hughes, trying to salvage some- 
thing from the match, built a lead of 
55-23 in the sixth frame, but could 
not contain Johnson, who took the 
last red, followed up with a blue and 
potted all the colours to win in a 
dating finish. Johnson is now 
hoping for more ranking points this 
season but he has no illusions- of 
what feces him in his next match. 

Steve Davis whitewashed Peter 
Francisco, of South Africa, the 
nephew of Silvino, 5-0 on Sunday 
night to earn his place in the 
quarter-finals. In the last four 
mines ■ Davis made successive 
breaks 34, 51, 33. and 43, but 
Francisco had -his moments. His 
best breaks were 33 in the first 
frame, 36 in the third and 31 in the 

SCORE* F» lewfc J Johnson bt E Hughes 
6-1. fame •coma (Johnson mat 32X5, 72- 
100-27. 72-20, 66-66; 5 Onto M P 
~ ' 5-CL Runt scores 736ft 7041. 





England debut for four 

By Robert Pryce 
The coy of Birmingham attempts 
to put a modest polish on its 
Olympic ambitions over The next 
three evenings, when four national 
womens’ teams' - England. Scot- 
Land, Peru and East Germany - 
contest the Norwich Union Trorphy 
at the Aston Villa Leisure Centre. 

The tournament has sponsorship, 
television coverage, civic b ackin g, a 
comparatively . new. arena, * cyery- 
thing h needs to impress -overseas 
visitors with its hospitality, 
efficiency and. whatever other 
virtues are most highly regarded in 

Meanwhile, Hillingdon's rep- 
resentation in the England squad 
has been reduced from four to one. 
Ann Jarvis is the only survivor from 
the national champions a nd sh e has 
not played a competition since the 
summer, when Hillingdon withdrew 
from the National League. 

British are unlikely to 
impress anyone, however, with the 
strength of their Olympic volleyball 
challenge. In the Hitachi Cup in 
July, England took a total or 11 
points off the Japanese, a perform- 
ance that was jubilantly greeted as 
one of their best. - 

Since then Barry Swann, the 
England coach, ha* introduced four 
players from his under-20 squad, all 
of whom all wifl be malting their 
debuts tonight against Peru, who 
finished fourth in the last world 
championship. They are: Lynne 
Pearce (Nottingham), Nicky Tinsley 
(Atlas, Wessex), Julie Smith (Sale), 
and Kim Payne, (a 1 6-year-old 
schoolgirl from Sale). 

Among the players they will be 
competing against are two who 
re p re se nte d the Rest of the World 
against China in Hong Kong on 
New Year’s Day: Rosa Garcia, of 
Peru and Ute Oldenburg, East 
Germany’s 6ft 3 in bitter. 

The England squad has practised 
little together, three days at the end 
of last month, although preparations 
would have been more thorough 
bad England known earlier that they 
were competing in this tournament. 
Originally, as foe squad was .known 
to be inexperienced, it was decided 
that they should wait a year before 
entering the competition. But that 
plan was changed last month when 
Czechoslovakia withdrew. 

The original line-up of twnn; was 
further disrupted when Poland 
pulled out, without giving any 
reason, two days before Christmas. 
Belgium were originally willing to 
stand in, but their squad is as 
inexperienced as England's. The 
vacancy was eventually filled by 

SWIMMING: England's selectors 
are sending six members of their 
Yorkshire Bank-sponsored squad to 
foe Golden Cup meet in Strasbourg 
from January 17 to 19. They are 
headed by “ experienced Gaynor 
Stanky, who is joined by Kathy 
Read, Helen Beeley, Caroline Foot, 

Mark Potdder and Mtuxay Buswefl. 


PA Cup 
Third round 

Manchester United v Rochdale. 
POSTPONED: Stake City y Kott» County. 


Plymouth Argyiev Huff. 

- “-vHudderriield- 

Gtoctoium Boraw » Nott in g ham 

SOUTHERN .LEAGUE: Piwatac orntn 

1 ctnrtufr • v 

Soyflwrapw nraefl-y Fumara 

V Btabao'i 

StodfbnfcStAfemvBanwL " 



Third division 
Bristol C8y v Doncaster (7 A 
nsea Ctty v WatsaB. 
POSTPONED: Buy vBoBon. ■ 
Fourth dMsJop 
Scunthorpe v Northampton. 

Gram Ataanriri v Tranmaro 

RMt Town vpfltartoMd Unted. 

VtanftteMonrav Barton * Romm*. 

■■P * Statfi Town; Harrow Baroura v 
flnehtay * Maktantmd. Uiftad: 


Amw» vMon a Hanfiam vCNatm XL 
central LEAGUE FM MataE Wot 
BromwWi MHon vMaatAaMir United (7.0). 



jfaMntoOjni * Tnraon: P**on Reran y 


NEWT TABLE fa Norfl ittePi i * London 


CUte MA TCHES Fanartti v South Water 
Fotoa (7 JJ* Roadyn Para v Durham Unhmtty 

WELSH CUP: CSfynydd » Maaatag (7.0). 


grairae.Shw Manchaatar United v 


HEMBgN _ LEAOtfe Prawlar rthMan 

NHtlngtaaro Panhara « ParatwroiteT PMaB. 

PARTS: Emb assy World Pratesakmal 

CfcntearaNpa (Lalutera Ocamry CWft 

Mazda Can WCT World poubias 
Men anua Cracto OaHle 

I ■iimiiM 1 v- Camera; 

Slmcaa Anrtay vEdgbattan 
tatemafaial_Yqutfi Yum Patera!. (Cannons 
SC. L o n don EC4). . 

again, despite ftirthe 
their Line-in. Gary 
netminder, has left ; 

i aiatw. 

kmbara B. WNtto wanton ft 
iglMta v JMMian Panthers 
Duhani Waaps A Ayr Bntes 5; 
MurmfiaidRararaS, Nottngham Panthers 2; 
Pattitxxough Ptmaa 5. cSntond Bontoera 
IT; Stratham Redstone 4, Durham WSepa 8, 
WMOay Wantons 1ft Ayr Brutna 7TRfat 


Acw 10a 

Crawaaa Qilafa 4,'ScNnil Berona IS SaDne 


WwT ta ra 1ft Ayr 

pun . 1ft Alrtnc 

MOTOR RACING: Monroe Auto 
Equipment are to spoonsor the 
productiou saloon car champion- 
foip for foe seventh successive year. 
This year’s championship will again 
be for .near-standard production cars 
and win take place over 14 rounds 
at eight major British circuits, with 
rounds at the 

barcs home circuit ofThriulibn. 

PALL OF WKNETS: 1-217. Mto, 3-277- 
4-302, 6-868. 6-387. 7-888. 8-88ft9- ». 
BOWLMGi Knpl Oav 
67-21 -lOl^fcradav OTA20-89-6; Sra 
22-2-79-ftararna 13-2-38-ft 

. 28 
, 17 



Bruins big 
goes flat 

By Robert Pryce 

The Ayr Bruins learnt all they 
want to know about foe transience 
of feme at foe weekend. More than 
three million households watched 
their victory over Durham Wasps, 
the Heineken British League 
champions, broadcast on Saturday 
afternoon; less than 1,000 people 
saw them lose to Whitley Warriors, 
second from bottom of the premier 
division, on Sunday night 

After Saturday’s 5-4 win over a 
team that had not lost at home for 
36 games, foe Bruins were presented 
with six cases of the league sponsor's 
brew - two for Steve Slaughter, who 
was voted coach of the month for 
December, and four for Tim 
Salmon, who was the division's top 
scorer in November and December. 
Five and a half cases have yet to be 

“No one wanted to party it up 
after that," Slaughter said yesterday. 
Whitley crashed foe party by taking 
a 3-0 lead in the first 10 minutes of 
Sunday’s game. Ayr recovered to 7- 
7 with less than eight minutes to 
play, but at considerable cost to 
their leading players' reserves of 
stamina. They had nothing left to 
draw on as Whitley closed their 
account with three late goals. 

“I tell you, if they play- like, that 
there's going to be some more 
surprises," Slaughter said. He was 
particularly complimentary to 
Whitley's “check i ng line", the set of 
forwards detailed to contain Ayr’s 
high-scoring Can ad i a ns. “They were 
on us before we could move,” Kevin 
Conway, who added only one goal 
to his league-leading total of 60, said 

Stephen Smith, the Whitley 
centre, kept Salmon on a tight line 
and still managed to score three 

Whitely’s recent frustrations may 
have strengthened .their determi- 
nation. Last Thursday the Canadian 
defenceman they meant to sign as a 
replacement for the released Steve 
Atwell was refused entry into foe 
country and is back in North 
America awaiting a work permit 
On Saturday, Whitely took a 6-2 
lead in Cleveland, then gave up five 
goads in less than five minutes of foe 
third period to lore 8-6. 

Durham overcame their frus- 
trations and a 3-1 first-period deficit 
to win 9-4 n Streatham on Sunday, 
with foe help of three power-play 
in less than three minutes 
Ciotti. Peterborough lost 
despite further change* in 
^ — Brine, their 
^ . . them for foe 

second time this season, and they 
have signed a new Canadian wing. 
David Clarke, to replace foe 
released Nick Pasic. 

Nottingham suflered the most 
frustrating weekend: their at 
Dundee was played as a friendly 
vmen the referee failed to appear, 
then their bus broke down on foe 
way to Murrayfield, where they 
eventually lost 9-2. 

Altrincham Aces,, the .first 
division club in financial difficult- 
ies, were due to nteet with 
representatives of Trafibrd Borough 
Council tomorrow in the 'hope of 
receiving enough support to com- 
plete foe season. 




*rt , 

, "S': 


'z >5 

* i] 

" - is. 
1h i„ . i 

'= ^ 

' *? * ■? ^ 



wffiMcl Wwkmd w o 
wk* Albion v Orient 

By Strait Jone? '•- .— i'i;.,;". ' * ' ■ ■ ' 

with confusion, is threatening to Afeenetif Rothwten 
overflow into chaos. The' .QMwgTiw y*-^ -- v '\ ; 
weather, which is keeping the r"?T q !^ 1 : 

competition in cold .storage. .1&.-r SSE£L j SjffW?' ■. F r l> */ or 

slowing do™ the .proems rffrtfijVhff 

elimination to - such. a degree .' ■ orBanutey - . 

that the third round' could spilt' FM QByor Pfymooft AJpyk v Brighton '• 

over into the fourth. . . Hypriwa f Qty.v wmjw: '-, ..7, 

Only two of last night’s seven v 

ties were 'played,, at least one of ' -MnSwough United vCarffcfe United 
those to be held over- the next :. • Df<W* MUtamp.-' ,. v_; 
two evenings has been called jiHfilij* fififfi' T**rBw u ' 
off, and many others, are Jn;.- Gm&utoMOm&cixt&Y - - 

danger of being postponed.. StwffiridWaMtoaactoy <*«•• t Bro«n- 
Even Manchester United, who . • wW» Albion v Orient ' 
had undersoil heating insmBed . pry or .Notta Cguntyv Oxford 

1 8 months ago, may not be able Sul^^?wMwS?Salted or 

to lake on Rochdale at Old'^toSSte 

Trafford tonight . „ W oat Ham Unftod v Ipawtch Tomb. or. 

Their - system, which cost *,£”%%?? *** W 

£70,000, has failed to warm the" w m 

whole of United’s pitch and air: j*™ 

inspection mil take place at 25 ^TcS^rTuSS^SSm 

noon, today. Blackburn Rovers,,, .smduy,jmmtmrn i. ■_ .. 

who held — - ' • 

last Saturday, have. been forced.' 

10 delay tonight V replay ami the* ■ The only other Clear-cut lieio • 
conditions are so poor that they have ' emerged from the ' draw 
do not plan to stageiuizilil dest features two other first division 
Monday. 1 ' ' teams. Manchester .Dry' and 

. Bradford City r . the second'. Watford, who' \dahned ^only 
division club, who shared gigM their third away victory of the 
goals with Ipswich Town at the seasop in dismissing Coventry, 
weekend, are- not • confiden t, Oty 'last:' Saturday. ■ City went 
cither, of being *ble to host .the Vicarage Road in 
return future tomorrow' night October , but will have gained. 
The ‘ surface at 'the Q HnV confidence, from their win at 

October, but will have gained, 
confidence, from their win at 

stadium resembles a laigr sheet SValsaB. ; 
of corrugated iron and - a ’. Among the myriad possi- 
dedsibn will be. taken at noon uShies that 'remain, many 
today. *• * ■. . . players and managers may he 

A total of 49 dubs were mvrted - back to -their- old 
squeezed into yesterday’s draw imping grounds. Turner, die 
and only three of the 16 ties goalkeeper ' who was largely • 
were devoid of complications, responsible for taking Sunder- 
One of them, myahtiog Chelsea ' land to the final ofthe Milk Cup - 
and Liverpool,' was- irnmert i- last, season,.. eould. go back- to 

atdy and pot smpruungiy Roker Park in’ the' green jetsey 

selected by ITV as the ootstand- : 0 f Manchester United, one of 
ing match and h wffl be shown, the joint favourites. . ' 
live - bn television on .the: J 

Uvrapool,wtloK; first div- 

isian fixture .t Wltlilld ~on lu » ( ^ *g fe i l 5_g!»- 
Sunday uffl *ho u g p «r on the 

Bridge in the-Cop.Ii> firmt. of J¥JSJSS5„ *h£ 


Conflict as Early arri 
flayers the g i or; 

decline to -.f r 


By Richard Eaton , 0 ^ of ^ that more Uum They fdi they 

The refusal of fire of England 1 * half of the entries are still at sea, and 
best known players to take part hi the hanrtirap prize is still 10 be won. 



Early arrivals given 
the glory though 
victor is undecided 

is spite or the feet that more than They fell they might even have 
half of the entries are still at sea, and made second place until the wind 
the handicap prize is sull to be won, died on them four days outside 
it is difficult not to beleive that the Auckland. They were becalmed on 
second leg ofthe Whitbread Round- Sunday night, then bad a slight 
thc-Worid race is over. The first headwind to the finishing line, 
boats to finish have now been in Like most or the crews that have 
Auckland for several days and, already finished, they experienced a 
whatever the raeriis of handicap relatively uneventful kg, with 
racing, thet are the ones that the reaching win* over much of the 
public and the sponsor*, regard as 7.100 miles. They rained a few sails, 
the winners. bu », *« seems par for the course. 

There is little doubt that the and they do not have much other 
introduction of Maxi class, racing maintenance 10 undertake, 
on level terms, hare given the race Inpr^-ious yean this leg of the 
an element it never had before, but 27.000-mile course has beep one of 
whethr it wib be good in the long the toughest, with tales of storms, 
term is difficult to predict The find fog and icebeigs, but this 1 time there 

next month's national champion- u is difficult not to beleive that the 
ships is the first hint of a conflict of second leg ofthe Whitbread Round- 
interest between the Badminton thc-Worid race is over. The first 
Association and the promotions and boats to finish have now been in 
management company. Walker Auckland for several days and. 
International, which two months ago whatever the merits of handicap 
took over die interests of most of racing, diet are the ones that the 

this country’s lead mg players. 

The news is ■ particularly ill- the winners, 
timed blow for the assodatioo, There is little doubt that the 
which has hurriedly lined up introduction of Maxi class, racing 
Channel 4 television coverage for on level terms, hare given the race 
the first time and has increased the an element it never had before, but 
prize money by more than four times whethr it will be good in the long 
to £5,025. term is difficult to predict. The first 

This sum. however. Is regarded as three races were handicap only, for 

public, and the sponsors, regard is 

three races were handicap only, for was hardly a full-blooded gale. The 
fer too low to attract the interest of the Whitbread Trophy, and the decision of ibe race committee to 
England’s three leading singles winner look all the glory. start lbe race one month earlier 

players. Steve Baddeley. Nick Yates This year, with all the excitmcnt seems to have been vindicated-^ 
and Steve Bader, or of Helen Troke. of record limes and Maxis racing for L’Esprit D*Equipe (Lionel Peau. 
the European women's singles a new firsMo-the-fini sh trophy, it is of France), the handicap leader of 
champion, or Nora Perry, past hard 10 remember there are smaller the first leg to Cape Town, is 
holder of the world doubles, and boats still very much in the race. expected 10 be the next boat to 
current bidder of the All England Only one' of them finished finish and in theory she could sull 
mixed doubles title. yesierdav. Fazer Finland, owned by he the aggregate winner for the two 

The decision will undoubtedly be Mjchael Berner and sponsored by a 1 
interpreted as a bad omen for chocolate manufacturer. She is one 

harmony within the sport. It is likely 
though, that these players would 
Independently have arrived at a 

of two standard Swan Cruiser racers 
(made in Finland! in ibe race and 
independently have arrived at a I her crew are trying bard for the 
similar coarse of action, and indeed I handicap trophy, 
three of them declined to play in test | They look like finishing third on 

expected 10 be the next boat to 
finish and in theory she could still 
be the aggregate winner for the two 

But in reality she has little hope, 
for she was still ISO miles from the 
finish at mid-day yesterday and 
would have to average an unlikely 
speed in the prevailing conditions to 
meet her deadline of 11.30 this 

year’s championships. The farter- this left, which started from Cape morning. . 

national nlrmfar has developed so Town on December 4. behind If she had finished by midmgh! 
steadily and attractively, that the philips Innovator (Dirk Nauta, of last night she could have won ibis 
most successful players ore having the Netherlands) and UBS Switzer- leg on handicap too. but that would 
to rationalize their schedules more tend (Pierre Fehlmann) which mean averaging 13 knots on the 
and more carefully. finished four and two days ago final straight and lhai was clearly 

and more carefully. I finished four and two days ago 

Many are also ex tr e m ely disap- j respectively, 
pointed at the low level sponsorship | 
and modest promotion of the 
n rttewi championships since the 
game went open six years ago, and 
feel that the Channel 4 development, 
attractive as it is, has come late in 

Aeday. Tony Bum mo re. me supper, ana 

Some might still be able to agree Nigel Irens, the designer of the 60ft 
with the first part of yesterday’s trimaran Apricot, are the joinr 
carefully worded statement from a winners or the 1983 Yachting 
spokesperson for the association Journalists' Association Yachtsman 
which said: “The players can always of the Year award. Apricot proved 
decide their own schedules, hot with herself almost unbeatable Iasi year, 
the present strength and depth of winning the Round -Britain Race 
iTngffaii badminton there will still be and her class in the TAG Round- 
exating Channel 4 viewing”. The Europe Race. On the Benalmadena- 
— • — * Toulon lee. she crossed the line 

leg on handicap too. but that would 
mean averaging 13 knots on the 
final straight and lhai was clearly 
out ofthe question. 

Apricot pair’s plum prize 

By Adrian Morgan 

Tony Baltimore, the skipper, and distance achieved by a sailing vessel 

television B ultimo re took pan in the 1966 

- _ . • ex cum p, l qvjiici viewing, . a w 

Boniek at the doable: Roma's Polish international leaps over Peters, of Atalanta, on nis way statemeat ^ ^ -Entries have not Toulon leg, she crpaed the tin 
to two goals during his side’s 4-0 victory on Sunday "SlKM 

' • exposure in this country, might yet Round Britain but lost Gancia Gii 

•-^k* • • ‘1 1 i • - — think that their own and their in the 1976 Ostar Race, when a fir 

Britons are kept busy in some 
■ ' corner of a foreign field 

exposure in this country, might yet Round Britain but lost Gancia Girl 
think (ii«r own and their in the 1976 Ostar Race, when a fire 
sponsors' best interests is in forced him to abandon her in mid- 
p laying.** According to fhk, only Atlantic. Butiimore and Irens* II 82 
pressure from the Carlton equip- won its class in the 1982 Round- 
mwit company b now likely to Britain Race, 
secure the services of these leading Irens' 80ft catamaran Formiue 

Tag holds the record for the greatest 

in a day. 324 miles m 24 hours - an 
average of nearly 22 knots. 

Both men are based in Bristol. 
Butiimore is a Birmingham 
businessman, while Irens is recog- 
nized as one of the world’s leading 
muilihull designers. 

Apricot is a highly advanced 
trimaran, built of composite 
materials with an efficent wing 
mast. Her 1986 programme includes 
the Two Handed Trans-Atlantic 
race, and the Route du Rhum. 

A special award was also 
presented to Bernard Havman. the 
former editor of Yachting World. 
for his services to yachtsmen and in 
particular his championing of 
proper navigation tights for small 

A busy . iimu. for British stars 
abroad. Trtvor Frauds and Steve 
Archibald both scored goals, for 
Sautpdoria' arid. Barcelona, respect- 
ively, after not having started a 
game for amny weeks. At San Sira. 

wt rn continued h at Portsmouth. He Made Hatdey. and Bay wmdns of 
.tors, mey lost /-v IJU ^nm <n MW nf ibMn with " Milan unnaint Pan! VUmihI and 

41,000 spectators, they lost 2-0 
in the fifth round. At-the time,... 
four years ago, Chelsea were in 
the second division and Liver- 

pool were the champions of manager, 
Europe. .- hoots tut 

will return to one of .them with ' Milan apposed Paul Rideout and 
Millwall Gordon Cowans of struggling; Bari, 

- . . -a - who played a predictably defensive Argentina, embroiled la the World 

John Wile. _ anothw jdayer- : «**way with apolm. 

w.ue, , anoiacr ^prayCT- yot*way with a point. Cup qualifying tournament, coaid 

v shook rtbg-dust on rns . None of the participating players . give him- la consequence, the lesion 

hoots and helped Peterborough Was in exceptional form, but Mflaa 

phi Bat Milan's vice president, Nardi, 

rii • is demanding the repayment of more 

— — - '/T»% than £3 million which he chums he 

WFOfuLD * m Aa refl l w lent to Farina, and Mflnn. 
KtfMVniAl I w vwgfl Just back from Port Said, where 
r W I DAkb be look El Masary from fite depths 

Brian GtanvDe USS? jyjf -fft* 

has now gone to Monaco. There, he 
Argentina, embroiled la the World ^ «e proti^ Fofana. ajifflknt 
Cm- ouatifvinc tournament could ywmg forward whan ihe temched in 
lesion ffrst division football os 0* 

cartilage Jed to 

Arcs, an Argentine who once 
coached Millwall juniors — Ports- 
. Booth’s Kevin O'Callaghan was 

nxcDi seasons i/iavm *mu. ■ - b * - ■ .» anenen nuumu junwn — r 

Rush, drew jat AnficitLat this TJniW0 25 dr later, Maradona win O^lfogban^ 

end of November gers-lnjunwaiim^ Jus toy 9ItiuM l lltlCOai & comna^ of the need an operation for thb conditio^ ftLSTSSf the^rtta* St5i daysS^? 

advantage suggests that Chelsea, squad has. jpvm^iemna who national ^earn. He is anKwg rfne but wwld entail opening up the ™ ® Mas^ whCT the prend^ pla ce in the C 

during their extraordinary start because they the more *__■ 

to the season- . amaefive opposition,,' ’hesud tteSahmJS^SSr^SoS^ 

Anenal,- ^so aStea the .victiais. “HRai. .m-^-wood 2 ? dniT^ 
of supposedly -inferior op- Avistcm side is one ihing but: ^Vnentina. Francis was broSton 
ponents, are to take on another, •&«B|.«p* , n i WWild-De:a genuine M a jgb a titn te .during the second 
Rotherham, whoicnocked them lest forme; Sfill, there are woree : halt Archibald, absent injured for 

. - 7a! _ 3 l* a *■ - ate.J-1 ♦ tu rn KtnnttO tn nlflv - ■■ ■■■ ■ ■ WCar wnal u in 

but would entail opening up the 
whole box of tricks, and a protracted 
absence from the game. All we can 
hope is that between now and next 
June, opponents don’t keep brutally 
kicking that knee, as the Cotom- 
btens did, last yesr. 

on El Masary when the presided 
bought a celebrated but waning 
Egyptian International centre for- 
ward over his head. He says that El 
Masary's 22-year-old . midfield 
player, Darik Solhnan, has the 
talent of Cruyff and better acceler- 


Leicester a strange 
team, coach says 

By Nicholas Harling 

Almost unnoticed, while most of Kingston. Portsmouth and Man- 
the attention was focused on the Chester Giants," he said. 

World Invitation Club Champion- Leicester, the 39-year-old Loomn 
ships at Crystal Palace. Walkers goes on to suggest, are such a 
Crisps Leicester have started to “peculiar, strange team mat he 
make their presence fclL Two wins feels optimistic only when they are 
in two days have taken them to fifth behind. “When we get leads. I feel 
place in the Carlsberg National nervous because we lend w blow 
League and given extra credibility to it," he said. "When we get behind I 
their claims to a place in the feel confident because I know mey 
National Championship Play-ofls can do h. We're the shortest team l 
finals in March. can think of, but we re unpredict- 

out in the thiid round after the tbii^fofifc tb» h^ four games, got. one of Ms goals in 

Sto ^?^ cwa t - at ^ Diego 

bury. That IS the first time it has wodnosday v West Bromwfch AWon; Maradona equalized, with a late 

Hateley has also been in the wars. 

What he^has needed for a long time against Enga nd, because the 

is tbe removal of his feasils and lading Cairo dubs are so infioen- 
adenoids - tonslfitb has been i* atm In 

polling him down far a long time 

now. and he had it acutely over Sheffield, may ratnrn to Afcran 

Leicester, who followed Friday's 
last-second home win against 
Happy Eater Bracknell with an 
even more creditable success at 
Hetnel/Watfbrd Royals the fbHow- 

Above Leicester. Portsmouth 
maintained their challenge for the 
league, recovering from two success- 
ive defeats with a hard-earned 88-77 

ing night, have now won six of their "in over 1 Bi ™g? a, 5 BaDels ; w ^° 

last seven games. Seven points 
behind at one stage to Hemel. who 
themselves had been enjoying 

wite — ■> — m- — jjlli'iiu'if him luiauKivra uau m vam burvjiu^ 

1 att AhnmIUati«i for Saint Etienne, ■ "SfiSt 

happened in three yean. 

Stab* C*y yN&tts County. 

. penalty for Naples 

end of the month, when the Italian 
championship is halted to permit an 

- m- AWwagh" be-. -ia not having an 

Orient make Oldham pay.ggKSSSK 
penalty for misses 

Como, international to be played. 

-rn r» awl pray that nothing goes oamy no nuinon to aeep rroo root 

penalty tor misses s^„5s^tss^ 

By Peter Ball tSLZ. 

■■ i ' — — — 1 . allhough less • • difaioa What- MmdiMt, aw J fd liri d atmai arket Brlraic televblQfl chan- 

tr. i» not having an ' The affairs of Milan are at 
aradona^s right knee te present in tanuIL Farina, the 
bat a reasstning state, controversial president, who, as 
pen, sometimes in pain, president of Lanerossi Vicenza, bid 
at notiting goes badly £1.5 million to beep Photo Root 
cn now and the end of there (instead of rejoimngjoventus) 
up finals- |»m already . said he wffl sell his 

ed demands, too modi shares to the. mDfiooaire Silvio 

once famous in Europe, now fighting 
for promotion from the French 
second division. They were knocked 
out of tbe Cap by an amateur dub. 
Monsters, 1-0. 

sank eight points without reply late 
in the game to take a decisive lead. 

"We're shooting for fourth place 
in tbs league." their American 
coach, Allen Loonin, said after his 

CISC* crowd af 120,000 

watched Benfica bold out 

Wembley anything can happen. We 

Oldham Athletic. 


riff Sk defender following a things- What Maradona needed last downmarket private television chan- 
JSLr and SThiv spot With June, whtte bis knee had saefa a ne!5,and joint proprieterofthe new 
corner . lnHcriM. bm.imI - ite Wt lkiin satellite TV channel in France. 

The fourth division are to be weH 
represented in the FA Cop fourth- 
round. Last night. Onent . joined 
' Peterborough United, there by 
defeating second, division oppo- 
sition, but whether it could be 
‘ described as » giaiit-irillntt act. W 
- questionable, Oldham not. having^ 
won a match sutwOrtober. ; . _ 
Matches from Carlisle to Shef- . 

field fell victipxs to the snow and ice, 
and the pavetneirts around Bon^- 

ary Park were fitea teatmg mk, but 

inside, the ground .was m. almost 
perfect condition. Som^wtderaptl 
systems obviowdy work better ihan 
others. . . ' . „ 

2 ^c!pnly to sSefoot the ball wide, battering, was-nxt - ibe lastthing satellite TV channel in France. 

^3 sSSSSSS -Republic ready to appoint MiliwaU paying 
aas 'McNeill as manager 

goalless draw against their rivals for f “ d 

STOumplSp; Porto. This *»[“ £1 8^ fi l SS s I ? e w em blev 
enabled Sporting Liston, winning 1- , Bc3lcn u K ? n, '“. na i 13 i s at 
0 away to weak PenafieL to draw ^ 
level with Benfica on points. 

„ . _. ... . , .. Loomn claims uiai ms team 

Brian Gtanviue a football correspon- bee n superior to all tbe 

dent cf the Sunday Times. opponents they have lost to, except 

Crystal Palace.. “We've o> tplayed 

penalty as Orient look the lead with ■ ..'.'j- 

Seh« kick ofthe first baK The Manchester CitV manager, 

• Until them ther-foUith division Billy looks txmrn i° take 

team' had revealed their attedring liaige ofthe Repubhc of Ireland a 
ability only in fiaahdt frota Jones tlyeud of the week. He wffltakc the 
ZnA Juryeff, Jones narty catching lnah job on ajprt-tnne basis and 
Gorara unawares with an overhead continue as Cit/s managw; his 
'■ appointment should be confirmed 

' The Scottish international goal- tythe FA ^of InelaiMl on Friday, 
keeper responded smartly. to that Tbe Irish have been looking fora 
HfctfT bi^he was betrayed by his new man to run their nanonal team 

ibt dqanuit of to Hivdjl 

were only 42-40 down at the 

Crystal Palace had even more to 
make up in the second half of their 
home game with Manchester 
Giants. When they resumed 57-47 
down, it looked as if the London 
dub were suffering the after-effects, 
not only of their financial crisis but 
also of their disappointing perform- 
ance in their tournament. A stirring 
rally, which brought Jennings a total 
of 35 points and Seaman 27, got 
Palace home 94-92, however. 

■ Another team in need of a good 
result, in view of their forthcoming 
cup final with Kingston, were 
Spellings Solent Stars, and they 
duly got one at ORS Sunderland, 
winning 95-84 

RCpuuuL icauy iu uyyv tut ™»**««* American football 

McNeill as manager aii-Set r ulin g Patriots hoist the flag on 
S%S3£3 Conference final place 


pointment should be confirmed McNeiD south m the summer of cinS^ite^SSon two League play-off games Sunday, the Denis McKinnon, for twotnnd 

-the FA of freiand on Friday. 1 983,.and he led them to promotira atSfemxf tove^u just bSf England Patriots overcame the downs. Next Sunday, the U 

The Irish have been looking for a from the second dmaon last mo ^StiSny’s FA Los Angeles Raiders 27-20 and the Angeles Rams visit .Cbtego 

rw man to run their national team season. . . , # S" i^iSreaEndon aSS Chicago Beam dominated the New Soldier Field to play for a tnp to tl 

ice the departure of Eoin Hand at • Qielsea _wiB Irani tomorrow u^mhlrrinn - milled in onlv YotkGiams 21-0. . _ . Super BowL 


• Chelsea will learn tomorrow 


“rattoST'S •oSS^The Den when the match 
Footbeli .l-eague appeal^ committee 

L/UIAIUa a US- 14VU wut>ii mum m«n .M . - ■ , 

point nvu uku - 1 -* UriHt. Shinners ran m : • •..Mcnemsm»iiimuLi«»wi**i» «« — — ; — -■ oarted were sev ee r a l hundred slugging it out on a cma winery 

matches would have- penmaded - minutes Oldham lb lead the Republic in tbe Football League appeals^ commmee fooibail followers who had traveled Chicago afternoon. The Bears, the 

some teams to stayat hora. and *e u poster -quaR^ug tournament for the 1988 are mee ^Vjral^adcm tedxaciias it London where Crystal Super Bowl fovouriies. stopped New 

yitiiatkm was not helped wbe nlhe y in head Brookrt European Championship, which protest by Oxford United against . u -a hf<-n r* 11 ^ nff«t York’s running attack thanks 

Sere forced to make a late reshuffle, season He was one of the match going ahead on that date. s game nan been cauea on ^ tQ mid ^ e linebacker Mike 

Henry refusing 10 play at right bade SS^d^hthdr' hopS^lfoSS e^tcandidairamterviewedby FAI Oxfordare due to meet Man- * „. ^ Singletary and WUHam "Refriger- 

anQ „ DCi ^. TT J . tbdr pressure was rewarded wnn uulL ^“ l ‘T-rz iJl 

J °Thc first chance came after only “J 0 Shu/uSl received the -approval of tbe City 

The firat chance cameafter ontf foT rigbu Wefls received, tto ^ approval of tbe Oty 

three minutes as an riqhrigd his shot out but Palmer chamnan, , FfeterSwalro. 

broke down a nd a qu id: break Jeft gJ^Slfflocwe baU into the net. I ^ r b e spe aking to Bflly 

tbe defender Sussex feeing three W oor»c»*s. McNeill tomorrow and to Imh 

attackers. But he survived un- *a>to3S*i. < PJoS»r J Ryan. R officials on Thursday", Swalro said. 

as Fairclon^i and Primer tfucQuk*; D Fteeteogh. R Futchw. P -q need - to find out what effect it 

passed responsibility .on to Ryan. ABd^r. ^ oukmaa, A have on his jobbery It would 

STwom portioned of the three, ^ Uutt his role wjth Ireland 

whose shot flew into the advertising .-ggrootas, pseSW cjon»s.i Jmyafl- would be. snniliar io the one Don 

^rrfin^ ‘-WMwcHUMite'lpMMfete.- Howe’ has with Arsenal and 

passed responsibility oa to Ryan, 
the worst positioned of the thre e, 
whose shot flew into the advertising 


Paul Newman 



Z ptaiilrig hB iP v Ipswich - 
2 COtefWy v Aston VBb ■ 
.1 emton.v OPR : 

X tateter «-HWHn 
X ManC v Southampton 
a Oxford vMbitU - 
1 ShateMW v anroaf _ 
X Tcteoham v HctttfroF 
V Wrttort v Ltearpooi . 


2 Boton vtifagte 

X Bivm fori * UM». ; 

1 BdUoJC v-Rommni 
X SSUriv Wteri 
1 Qarty v 

1 Newport v toZTWfwrti 
X NoteCo-v Hymwlh 

2 Rwring 


1 QnmMWl 

X CMt v MurOtm 

Road on March 1. and claim they couldn’t come in and waicn 
woe not consulted about tbe game. The aH-ticket in 
change. Full Members' Cup rules crucifying us." 
state that Canon League matches 

KtSfSSra^liS! Last night results 

issue, and a postponement would M CUP. mmd: pr ysai FOTa 
leave Oxford vrith successive blank Town Z Postpo ned: Bft msn9h« 

■ Hirarmr 

The Oxford managing director, ghefiMd Wednesday 

Brian Dalton, said; “The chairmen Bromwtcfi Aitwa 
of Chelsea and Manchester City 

^ttgament committee for per- European results 
mission to stage the final on March m mu * seenKtot 3, water 

I. That committee gave permission OwteroiO. W awgiw i; Sgrriog t. ( 

Priaro'sgameh^been raUedoff at York’s running attack ttonks 
™ mainly to middle linebacker Mike 

"TT *x ui, mb, a nitv they Singletary and WUHam “Refrigrr- 
Graham said: It wasap'W “g alt>r p^. ^ ccfebrated 22-stone 

couldn’t oome rookie defensive tackle. 

game. The ^ all-titdtet Hung The Giants did no better passing 

crucifying us. the football: their quarterback, Phil 

Oumhi's Park RangwK Snsnw 
Mham; Sheffield Wednesday 
- Bromwich Altov 

Psteca 1. Linen 

Howe ' has with Arsenal and Brian Dalton, said: me cannon Bromwtcfi Abtn 

England." of Chelsea and Manchester Qty K — _ 

NcNeiU enjoyed a hugely success- approached tbe Football League Vnvnntmn rACnltS backfield. As a result, the Giants 

fid playing career with Celtic, mangement committee for per- UtllTOpciUJ iCSUMJ gained only 181 yards, to Chicago s 

capeamiug them to a European Cup' - mission to stage the final on March celqun: Beefsctot 3, weunchQi 1: 363. 

victory in 1967, and collecting nine I. That committee gave penmsaon ft For almost threequarters. New 

Scottish championship medals and without the courtesy of consulting t_SSS. ^fa£f« 9 ^ ^ York stayed dose, neutralizing the 

seven' Scottish Cup winning medals. ' Oxford, and the fust we Imsw of it P am e ha fti 0. ApoSon Katamanaa Z running of the all-time leading 

He moved into management with, was what we read m tbe news- ground gainer, Waltff Paym . But 

^-1 i_ »_«. r» Antu ' ram mum.'' Eihnilni® JS PanMnsttMO. Apcoan Aaim *. ; , h ,1,. Guints offence suflcd. 

rookie defensive tackle. 

The Giants did no better passing 
the football: their quarterback, Phil 
Simms, went down for losses six 
times and was pressed into throwing 
early on another 14 occasions. 
fa CUP: ThW round: O pal Fateca ’■ 4“®" Chicago's defensive coordinator, 
Tow Z PawpooBd: anwgiMnj v Buddy Rvan, deployed a three-man 

front line ^ which Richard Dent 
Fuomru Sheffield Wednasday v wen and the linebacker Otis VYiison used 
Bromwtcfi Albion. iheir team-mates as camouflage to 

penetrate the Giants’ offensive 
backfield. As a result, the Giants 
gained only 181 yards, to Chicago's 

For almost threequarters. New 

York stayed dose, neutralizing the 
running of the all-time leading 

CELOUifc Beerachsl 3, Vfttercchal 1: 
Chwferai 0, Waragam t; Soming 1, FC Bruges 

0. ApoSon Katomarofl Z 

Clyde but stayed. for only two 


i Ntzwich nSMteo 
t CtterVMrite 
1 ftjfWnorth v Wham 
- ■ v DBinwgf 

Hot «B oosponr. Hri_ 

•mm* cawce 

1 Boriw V Ndaiteot 
l Crill i HsiM" 

J SSJsSSS ; - HramwflBOom . 

3 9SS!' 'VSBc • t-fi5Sfc. B,r * , ote«'« 

Mil - ’ 'X'MMs.'vDunlnU- . 
OsrfnQton ^ t'fo Whwi » Mothnwri 

tf%*£^oo£ ■ aconaHH MT - 
2 Aflcn v Kfeipunock . 
a kp v dydo 
:t Onmtnrton.v NrUo ■' 
2 - CAttfte v BracHn 
uisiON ' '1' ftxlw v-Uortrote 
janhot 1 HanBon v Ptitirk * 
nterd 1 ' r 2 Morton v PMck . 

Arts 3. Paniow M th CH T. 

Scots seek fresh deal 

From Davitt Sigerson 

t National Football McMahon, found the wide receiver, 
games Sunday, the Denis McKinnon, for two touch- 
itriots overcame the downs. Next Sunday, the Los 
iders 27-20 and the Angeles Rams visit Chcago’s icy 
Chicago' Bears dominated the New Soldier Field to play for a trip to the 
YorfcGiants 21-0. Super BowL 

The Bears-Giants match featured Los Angeles s other tram, the 
American football’s best defences Raiders, had been expected to bait 
on a cold windy New England Patriots with the 
on. The Bears, the combination of skill luck and 
mriies. stopped New intimidation that enabled them to 

S attack thanks win three Super Bowls. But in the 
e linebacker Mike kind of contest that the Raiders 
WUHam “Refriger- usually win. New England proved 
celebrated 22-stone more explosive. 

; tackle. The Raiders and Patriots each 

id no better passing have massive offensive lines, gifted 
■ir quarterback, Phil all-purpose backs (New England's 
[own for losses six Craig James and Los Angeles’s 
ressed into throwing Marcos Allen, led the league in 
her 14 occasions, running and total yards this season), 
nsive coordinator, and opportunist defences. 

-ployed a three-man Allen (121 yards on 22 carries) 
hich Richard Dent and James (152 total yards) 
ter Otis Wilson used contributed, and while both de- 
ss as camouflage to fences had exhilarating moments 
Giants' offensive the Patriots' made more of them. 

1 result, the Giants Pressured by the Raiders lines- 
yanis. to Chicago's man Howie Long and the brawling 
Bill Picket. New England's quarter- 
threequarters. New jony Eason (playing for the 

jse, neutralizing ihe j n : uret j veteran Steve Grogan), 
;e all-time leading maintained his poise 

defence row. The winner goes 10 the Super 
Bowl as the American Conference 
flamboyant Bear quarterback. Jim champions. 

* Ian Gefiatly. president ' df ' the 
Scottish league, has called. - a 
meeting today to try to thrash out a 
peace formula which would prevent 
the ' formation' df a' breakaway 

^ a * ne * •_ understood that - Mr Geliatly's 

-.This comes * week after pmpdsris, which would be put to a 
Scotland's leading dubs -■ including meeting of the 28 first and second 
Ctftic, Rangers. Aberdeen. Dundee division dubs on Thursday, ineor- 
-Uttited and Heart of Midlothian - pojjte several significant changes, 
stated that they intend forming a The League ■ seem p rep are d to 



SaJouairos 1. Rwrtsta a ParalW 0. s porty 
1 ; fSesO. BetransM Z CtounZAcadBnSn 
0: Braga 1, Ponknonanaa 0. laadkn 
pnaoSn. Spcnkg, as 2. Mb* 
aJnwwBi 23. 

SPANISH: Real 2= 22f5fTSii 

Sevfle 0 Masco Madrid II. HMUtafrjM 

* , 1 , Bamtara 3; Rati Sodedad 2. 

OBon 1 : Racing Santander 3, Carte ft 

Tva&rtUU Is Vtiteda 0, Real 

3SZm a. Laadbn poaiBoK t. Re* Madrid, 

a&SEM£te«y,0. Sariyy 0; Ponfafapgr 
" I, Traozooapor d; 


^ ^ ! • 1 " 1 ; . ^ , ■ 1. 1 — 

~tX?M f 1 V .■y. 1 '. 1 ; -■ 


lilt l IH.'IM?! {’vTMlHifl 


Graham’s title 
bout in danger 

Herol Graham's European 
middleweight title bout with the 
Ugandan bom Ayub Kaluie. due to 
lake plan in Sheffield on February 

3, is in danger of being called off. 

The contest could be saved by 
being moved _ to Belfast in late 
January, but in any case, Barney 
Eastwood, the promoter, who also 
manages Graham, has given 
K 2 I uk's manager, Mogcns Palle, 
until this evening to make up his 

The boot, originally made for 
Belfast was announced last week to 
tak e place in Sheffield, Graham s 
home town. Palle imme dia te l y 
protested at the change of venue, 
and also the date because he claims 
he has a February engagement for 
Kalule already lined up. 

In a telex to Eastwood, Palle 
claims that Bd&st on January 25 
was the original plan, and the 
romoier agrees with this. “But on 


26 - 

r 'l* * 

Grand slam champions 
lead drift back to 
work in doubles festival 

By Michael Seely 

Richard Dvnwoody. deputiz- 

' Hywd 

ing for the. injured 

Davies and wearing the black 
and yellow colours made 

famous by Arlde, bad thwe 
of a lifiai 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

■ Tennis professionals are combined competence of a 
shaking off the rust and drifting supervisor and court officials 

back to work. This week the 
Albert Hall accommodates its 
annual doubles festival and the 
conventional tournament cir- 
cuits roll into action at 
Washington! (women) and 
Auckland (men). In addtion, a 
two-part qualifying competitor! 
for the women's new European 
indoor team championship may 
stir the curiosity of those lucky 

can adequately interpret the 
rules (desperately complicated 
these days) and deal with on 
court procedures. 

That makes sense. Ones's 
only reservation is that the 
council’s corps of supervisors 
formed to raise the 


standard of officiating through- 
out the world rather than to 
take over the traditional role of 

enough to live on the fringes of the referee. The growing auth- 
ihe Ligurian Alps and, further ority of the supervisors may be 

known to 
the Swiss 

north, what is 
cartographers as 
Alpine Foreland. 

The fourteenth doubles tour- 
nament, promoted by the 

of the Atlantic. Fleming’s wife 
comes from Yorkshire, Lloyd's 
from Florida. 

The stars of the show, on 
paper anyway, will be the 
winners or the four grand slam 
championships: Mark Edmond- 
son and Kim Warwick 
(French), Heinz Gunthardt and 
Balazs Taroczy (Wimbledon), 
and Paul Annacone and Christo 
van Rensbuig (Australia). 

One group win consist o: 
Flach and Seguso, Edmondson 
and Warwick, Pavel SlozO and 
Tomas Smid, and Fleming and 
Lloyd. The other will consist, of | 
Annacone and van Rensbuig, 
Gunthardt and Taroczy, Sergio 
Casal and Emilio Sanchez, amt 

thrill of a lifeiinc when .putting 
Last Suspect on target for a 
second successive win with, a 
comfortable victory Two. Cop- 
pers, the only other survivor in 

seen as a symptom of the 
council's general tendency 
towards empire-building. 

The eight competing teams 
will be split into two groups for 
Dallas-based World Champion- an all-play-all series. In Satur- two large Americans, MDce 
ship Te nnis organization, has day's semi-finals the winners of DePalmer and Gary Donnelly, 
new sponsors, Mazda Cars, one group win play the runners- The tournament will begin 

up in the other. Except for the this 
eventual play-off matches 

Since the event was shifted 
from Kansas City to Britain in 
1979 it has had four sponsors 
and three homes. But the Albert 
Hall has been booked until 
1990. inclusive, which should 
encourage the post-Christmas 
habit of stocking up enough 
coins to satisfy parking metres 
and frustrate traffic wardens. 

The WCT tournament will 
have no referee. His duties win 


decide places' five to eight, ail 
matches will be decided over 
the best of five sets. The total 
prize fund is roughly £138.000, 
the winners taking £50,000 
(slightly more than the first 
prize at Wimbledon). 

This is the only grand prix 
tournament restricted to doub- 
les. To their credit, WCT in 

absorbed into those of Thomas general and Deuchar in particu- 
Karlberg, of Sweden, the super- Jar prefer successful, specialist 

with two matches: 
Flach and Seguso, v SlozO and 
Smid, and Annacone and van 
Rensbuig v Casal and Sanchez. 
The Spaniards axe an engaging 
spectacle because Sanchez is 
almost seven inches shorter 
than Casal but a stone heavier. 

The 16 players repre se nt 
eight nations, plus such blood 
ties as- Italy (Annacone and 
Seguso), Germany (Flach) and 
presumably Ireland and - Scot- 
land (Donnelly and Fleming). 

visor appointed by the grand partnerships to mak eshift pair- Sweden gets into the act via 

pnx council. The tournament 
director, Patrick Deuchar. could 
be setting a trend. He suggests 
that tournaments have too 
many officials and that the 

mgs of individual celebrities. 
This week’s exception will be 
the wild-card team of Peter 
Fleming and John Lloyd, who 
both have homes on either side 

Karlberg, the ringmaster. As i 
usual, this should be an 
attractive and distinguished ! 
event. The only snag, most 
days, is parking the car. 


Rowland and Doyle Anderson 

to manage Lions 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Clive Rowlands, of Wales, and 
Michael Doyle, of Ireland, have 
been invited to manage the British 
Isles and Ireland team which will 
play a team drawn from the 
remainibg four International Board 
countries at Cardiff on April 16, as 
part of the board's centenary 
celebrations. They will be joined on 
a Lions selection committee by john 
Fmlan (England), Iain MacGregor 
(Scotland), Willie John McBnde 
(Ireland), and Arthur Lewis (Wales). 

Inevitably this begs the question 
whether Rowlands, the former 
Welsh , scrum half and captain, now 
once more a selector, and Doyle, in 
his second year as Ireland's coach, 
would have managed the British 
Lions, had the tour to South Africa 
this summer gone ahead. Such a 
question must by hypothetical, in 
view of the announcement over the 
weekend that there would be no 
Lions tour this summer, but the 

names of both men must have been 
high on the list of candidates. 

Rowlands, capped 14 times by his 
country, each tune as captain, was 
neither Lion nor Barbarian during 
his playing career with Swansea and 
PontypooL But he was Welsh coach 
for six yean and, when he 
relinquished that post in 1974, 
continued as a selector. He resigned 
from the selection panel at the end 
of the last season (possibly with 
Lions business at the back of his 
mind) but returned last month when 
John Bevan was forced by ill health 
to resign both as coach and selector. 

Rowlands will manage the Lions 
team in April - only the second 
occasion the touring team have 
played at home* - and Doyle will 
coach them against a side’ drawn 
from France, New Zealand, South 
Africa and Australia, managed by 
Bob Templeton (Australia) and 
coached by Brian Locborc (New 

Roger Anderson, the London Irish 
threequarter, takes over from the 

injured Keith Crossan on the Ulster 
left wim 

wing for the game next Tuesday 
night against Queensland at Raven- 
hill Otherwise the side is the same 
as that which defeated Leinster in 

the inter-provincial deciding ^me 

Ford may be driven north 

Steve Ford, the wing banned from 
rugby union because be took part in 
a rugby league trial may now join 

d iffer e n t, but Tm not and they chose 
to pick on me because what I did up 

north each season are true." 

theprofessional game. 

Welsh Rugby Union an- 
nounced on Friday that Ford had 
broken the amateur code and was 
no longer eligible to play the 15-a- 
side game, even though he was not 
paid for having a trial with Leeds 
ILL. chi b- 

The 20-year-old Cardiff wing feels 
he has been made a scapegoat by the 
WRU. “I think if I had been a big 
name, things would have been a bit 

Ford, who claims he was not frilly 
aware of the rules relating to 
amateurism when he went for the 
trial, is now considering offers to 
move north on a permanent basis. 

“I have had a couple of 
approaches from other elute, but I 
am not going to -rush things. But at 
the end of the day, there really is 
nothing else for me to do but go 

at Landsdbwne Road last moot 
Rainey the full bade, and Hewitt, 
centre, suffered minor injuries , 
during the Ireland-Combined Prov- 
inces game at the weekend but the 
chair man of the Ulster selectors, 
Willie John McBride, said yester- 
day: “Rainey went for an X-iay on 
his ankle but it revealed only a 
sprain and he will be 100 per cent fit | 
by the weekend and Hewitt was able 
to jog along a bit on Sunday. Both 
are certain starters.” 

Anderson is a young man who is 
making a big impression in Irish 
rugby circles and he will be the focus 
of attention next Tuesday. His 
positional play is not afl that it 
should be but experience will iron 
out that Haw and there is no denying | 
that be possesses blistering pace 
ueensbnd. who arrive in Ireland 
on Thursday arui meet Leinster on 
Saturday, will almost certainly, 
provide Ulster with their toughest 
assignment of the season. 

Ulster had tentatively arranged a 
three match tour in France during 
August but confirmation from the 
French authorities has not yet been 
fo rthcom ing 
PLS TKR (v Quc nn to nd . jgngiiy 14^ P R amey j 

(NTCHMoIcx (MM KAadenoa (London | 
trisfa) I Brawn (Malone) R Bndy (Ballymena) 

P Kmor* (London Irah) J M McDonald 
Baffijisnejsa) J McCoy 0“n*«O P MUtaw j 

(Ards) W Anderson I 
B McCa (London hah) W 
D Mono* (Bangor). 

Last Suspect 
in this race in 1984 when 
beating Cortriere. 

“I've ridden bigger and more 
important winners, paticularly 
when having a doable at the big 
Cheltenham tneerin last year,” 
the jockey said afterwards. “But 
none have given more pleasure. 
The old horse jumped super 
and did it in style.” 

Last Suspect, looking robust 
and on the best of terms with 
himself beforehand, was never 
out of the first two, but his 
cause looked hopeless when 
Brendan Powell sent Two 
Coppers dear turning into the 
straight with five fences still to 
jump. However, with his tail 
swishing like a windmill, the 
hero of last April was back on 
terms by the seboind last and 
drew dear on the flat to win by 
seven lengths- . 

Amazingly Last Suspect 
drifted from 3-1 to 5-1 i the 
market BaUymin, the favourite 
was pulled up early in the 
straight and Drops O’ Brandy 
was a remote third when 
refusing at the final jump. 

Last Suspect blew up turn- 
ing into the straight,”Dun woo- 
dy continued, “But he started to 
:t his second wind at the third 
3m home. I kept on patting 
him and talking tohim to keep 
him happy. He was absolutely 

Both Tim Forster, Last 
Suspect's trainer, and Anne 
Duchess of Westminster, the 
winner’s owner, were quick to 
pay tribute to Dun wood. “I am 
desperately sorry for HyweL 
who won the Grand National 
on the horse. But it was a great 
performanee by Richard. He'd 
never sat on the horse before 
and it was asking a lot of him.” 
Forster said. 

Davies is temporarily out of 
action after injuring his back in 
a fell from Arctic Beau at 
Cheltenham last Thursday. In 
1984 it was Davies who 
persuaded the trainer and 
owner to let Last Suspect take 
his chance in the world's 
greatest steeplechase after the 
horse had disgraced himself 
when pulled up m the Crudwell 
Cup at Warwick in March. 
However, this time it has been 
the horse hims elf who has 
forced his own way bade into 
the limelight 

“Last Suspect was retired and 
turned out in a field in 

to form by 

' TtercnimmwkatiBgftgxnof th^ 
Paddy MuBms-traraed Aianm m 

was *fce . h jg hfi g h t Of^ycatcrttort 
ateedxig at Thnnoi Where iacajg 
went ahead despite frosty patches 
oatbc crack. 

• Anris, in the lead t hreug hooL. 
qnikened dear at die top of £ 
course and won puffing op by a 
length and a half from his nearest* 
market riv al. Cookc agh Princess. ' 
Aianm wnconipBiwinfcrspQQf 
seasonal debut when beaten a 

distance l^Bankes's Benefit u 

Navan. but Muffins is not in foots 
of wl fa i out . (he 

“This b a step is the right 
direction for him. bat I may stick to 
conditions races until Cheltenham. 
He may ran in tbfWesael Cable 
Champion Hnnfie at Leopntaown 
next month” foe trainer com- 
mented. . . 

Tony Muffins, foe jockey and son 
of foe Trainer, was more cmhusi- 
astk. “He was I3sl& oU sdf today 

*nd mnn with Hirt nn nmlMml" " • 1 

and won with a stone is hand” 

. MnBins nutated * double is foe 
eddies KtBaac Hurdle when 


Von Trappe, who will be exercising on the sa n d s of Southport today mi preparation for 
Saturday’s Embassy Premier Chase Final at Ascot- - 

Cheshire,” Forster went on, 
“But he was so miserable at 
out of action that the 
rang me op in August 
and asked me to take him back. 
If h hadn't happened he would 
now be being brought into a 
warm stable for a hot bran 

“Nonsense:” retaliated the 
proud owner, “He'd be absol- 
utely frozen to death. But at fer 
as a second attempt at the 
National is concerned it's up to 
the trainer. I'm saying nothing.” 

Forster conluded by saying 
that provided all goes well in 
the meantime and as long as the 
12-year-old is not given too 
much weight. Last Suspect - 
now quoted at 20-1 for an 
Aintree repeat - win attempt to 
give the Letcombe Bassett 
trainer his fourth National 
triumph on Saturday April 5. 
“He'll have two races before- 
hand and may well go for the 
same race at Warwick again.” 

Foster added that Drama- 
down ey, last season's Chelten- 
ham Gold Cup fourth had only 
just started cantering again after 
running so disappointingly at 
Lingfield Park before Christ- 
mas. Forster and Dnnwooky. 
had earlier initiated a double 
when the jockey rode Woodgate 
to a length and a half victory 
over Chary side in the second 
division of the Rabbit Novices' 

The first division of this race 
was won in style by Batt le K ing, 
whom Jimmy D ugg an brought 
home 10 lengths dear of 
Sporting Mariner with Deer 
Crest, the favourite, finishing 
the same distance away, third. 
The feet that Fred Wintert 
horses have been sadly oat of 
form since Malya Mai won at 
Kempton Park the day after 
Boxing Day was reflected in' the 
starting price of 13-2. Battle 
Hymn carried the chocolate and 
orange colours of the trainer’s 
wife’s aunt, Doreen Beddington, 
who won the Champion Hurdle 
in 1965 with Kirriemuir. ' . . r ' 

Von Trappe 
heads for 

the seaside 

Talking about the stable's 
loss of form, the eight-times 
champion trainer said: “If it: 
hadn't been for this we might 
have packed up for the time 
being. On the face of it there's - 
nothing wrong,, the horses are 
all eating up and bucking and 
kicking, but they’re not 100 per 
cenL They are not coming home 
at the end of their races. Just 
look at the way Observe and 
Ballytrent ran at Sandown- last 

Winter concluded fry saying 
that Brown Chamberlin would 
attempt to defy top weight in 
the Green Highlander Chase at 
Ascot on Friday, where the 
four-day acceptors include 
Maxori Venture, Greenwood 
Lad and Green Bramble. 

You Trappe, one Of foe season** 
top novice chasers, takes trip to the 
seaside today hi preparation for 

fia h .wln y’ fc Fwili—y P wu iw 

Final at Ascot. Michael Offrer’s 
gallops at DniMA are fru s fo o uud 
so he is traveffing to South port 
sands to work Van Trappe. 

Offerer bc H ercs Von Tkappe, the 
irianer oC bat season's jD el Golden . 
Hurdle. Find mid pro of Ms three 
chases this senes. Is foe best horse 
be has trained Mace blaster EL 
Beaiitafr ratal ThatO&rerabolias 
a pnffific winner ia West Tj? trader 

l)k vine, fltd Be crawer nawHmipirf 

sad he stm has time to take foe hold 
step pnyflHng in the nan*- nTVaa 
Trappe alongside West Tip's <m a* 
’entry form for foe Chetteoham Gold ' 

At trine. Von Trappe 
■earing foe hefefrtof Jud powers aad 
many shrewd jtsdgra think Ofirrr 
has nothing tit lose by thr ow ing foe 
sob eTNormaady to at foe deep end 
on March 13. 

Roadster remains a probable rival 
for You Trappe at Ascot despite 
sfighily farming a knee - alien 
winning the Ladhrake H andi c a p 

Chase at Kempton 11 days agn. 

Fred Winter said at Chepstow, 
yesterday that - mother of Ms 
qualifiers, 1 Harentafigbt and Ulan 
Bator, fs~ Eketjr to rtm fat' foe 
Embassy find. ’ 

. S», well tacked from S-l to 
3-1, dashed dear earfy on an 
iiMiHtmiied . a - .relentless gallop. 
Candy So has been difficult to jettfc 
is recent races, 

. Muffins - intends to 
Ascot next Saturday, with Proud 
Souroma, who won foe Irish 
qualifier for this safes at Poaches- 
town. Tony Muffin <mD he -ia foe 
. saddle. . 

The JocaSy-trahapd hfonaaore 
made all foe nmazqg ' to Justify 

Tran Morgan, who is expected to be 
in the saddle when the mne-year-old 
goie^' te . Aintree ;fcr foe Grand 
Natiotai in Apsfl. frfanaaore was 
bred by Joafrn Meacher, wbosc son, 
Michael, is riding with in 


Irish Board 

first woman 

SeBybCto^wh&e parentage and- 1 
marriage alike wffl recall glory days 
at Cfaeteoham, ha been nominated 

Chepstow results 




(2m 41 Mo) 1. BATTUE KBtO (Jh 
, 13-2}; Z Sporting Martar (P Leach. 
3. Daar Ctmt (P Barton. 3-1 Anf. ALSO 

ZaOOm di) 1, DOOM LAW (V McKavtt, 
.. .wwiaan Unyta (G McOom 1-2 toft 3, 
Carabao* (B ftowaO, 33-1). also RAfClO 

7-1); 2.1 

UD (3m Bf ch^f^LAST SEttPGCr: 

Dnnwoody. 5-1); 2. . 

■ Haauo. SHow Hoar mu Imflan 
m Lackw How (pu). w£rara 

I H 

_ Oman 

... ... To* Oouraoi .. . 

:W*aSw (p*4, 2E Partatar.» Lark. 33 

QuM Star. Bna a nl M r, GanhOogmy (po), 
March M am oriaa. WMa Panrw (Q. Bata 
Coocbwa. IB ran. Nr Namte. IOC 10L 10L 1H. 
VH. F WMar at Lamboum. TOTE; E4.1QT 
£1J3D, E2.00, £1 JBO. DP £33.30. CSR £85.19. 

2J» (2rn ch) 1, JC0MS PnMOiT (P 
Hcharda. 1M fvff. z Owiar Wand fe 
MoCourt HMfc 3, Lafl Bank (R Dunwoody. z- 
1). ALSO RAffc 4 Ktog*! — 

Chaafcy Rim 


Top m, ao ... 

W, TOO RamdalB (pcq. ft tan. IIH 2B, ftt 
XL N Oaaalaa at UrtMurn. TOTE: E 7M; 
£2JD i £1JNL£&90.DE;£320,OEHR:£10l7T. . ■ 

im mu. saw mbu m. u 

a. Only Mo’IMahad. 
B aflym ta n 

Coppat* (B Po*«fi,T- 
AISO RAie 2 fa* 

(raft. 7 Neath 
. Conn The 

Cobbler (puL Pay Dene Ip«i 100 Tim 
M nm b ar fexiL S ran. 7L TForrarat La tco mb * 
BaasalL TOTS 2520; EZ30. £2.10. DR 
23020: CSR £21 JH. 


IrM 1, WOODOATE fft 
Z Cbany SWa (M Khana. 

u (2m ■ 

I III I 1 ) 1 I'lillH Ulllll Ijil iM 

SD-Tt 3. C*Me Haat (P Waraar. 30-1). ALSO 
RAte &4 far Jacuzzi pth), 7-2 SBoonbandar 
(Mi}. 0 FVta Bucks, S Highland Cantal 10 
-Bn (May (tW. 10 Arizona, LobUhr, Autism 
Show (po).20Fuiw> Boy. 33 AutwMaraatMn 
Pob(pu), 30 Candy 

'. an pm into) i. niermnir 

tay): “ 

l Lnwar, 7-4 

.. . Rrato Prince (S Taytor. 20-1); S, 
Cbralat Bnhar (P Conran, 14-1); A, Camera 
Lad (E Murphy. 114): ALSO RAN: IT-2 
Mandar, .7 AatahL Saason'a Dai^iL 12 
1 14 Cbtsity Ftayar, IB 

Baflywnst BiW, 

{HhL SO 

tou), Ruaty Boy (1). 8 ran. 3L lu. ah W. 20. 15. 
R HoUar at Brim. TOTE E2JQ; £1.10, £320. 

UanUat (piii ‘ Mdybdanran, Rowtay 

GokLVulpro. 2C m. 1 M, -fl, ISL 

21 .IK DP. nun. CSR £18.1 7. 

_ Da*7»( . 

15L)K T Fbratar at Latcomba Baaaatt. TOTE 
£4.70: £1-80, E18J0, £8.60. DR £18920. CSR 

Shnnni*. Htsidmr Pitic ajpu). 2 1 rag 2 f. 
at WHnglon, 

ah hd, K. M naa at 

1, RAO, El 20. DR 24120. CSR 

Ef JO. E2S0, 



TOTE: 22BQ; 

247D9. Tricasc E434AO. 

Blank day 

as foe fir st wo man tnember. <rf the* 
Racing BqbeiL lira 1™!* cqtivtlou, 
of -.meji tfsrf (Our Irish- 

Cox is a 

dau g hter of Aubrey Bnttazm, who' 
completed a Gold Cop treble on 
Cottage Rake and also won two. 
Champion Handles <m Us stabd 
HhttPOf Gbbcb. 

Mrs Cox’s huritoBd, “Bunny" 
Cox, was the leading Info amateur 
rider in foe,' fifties and- won two 
namings cf the. .National Hunt' ■ 
Chase <m Pcariage add Quare "Hints' 
as wdl as foe inanguirt stogras 
foe Two KSe Champion Chase o» 
QuitaQue. - 

•. Whfle the Irish Minister for 
A griaxlmre , Austin Deasy, has been 
appbmded- for the mimination af- 
Mis Cox, there has been mods 

MrMoOnthyjwbd las served cm> 
foe Board sinoe 1964, had just^ 

Today's race meeting were both 
flailed off friOowing inspections 
y es ter da y afternoon. Snow end frog 

combined to rale out Weforaty , . . 

while frost was foe ctripritat fifcQgth y probably lost 
Leicester. . i ^ ““we he_ tas beta one of foe. 


Politic* do however play a pan in/ 
foe minixtflriri choice and Mr' 

Yesterday’s fixture' ai Notting- - 
ham was . also a victim of foe 
freezing conditions and t om o r row's 
Kelso cairi _has already been 
abandoned, bringing the number of •. 
zneetiQgs*a*tuz»Ka3oaiti28L : 

Tomorrow’s other meeting is at 
to go ahead. 

principle .fund raisers for foe' 
opposition Hanna Fail party. 

The big talking point now centred 

~k new? 

around the election by foe _ . 
Baud! of its chairman In recent , 
weeks . .there had been several 
rodicatmg that Michael 
it would get the job, but frith- 
gY Mt^rafl^repgnwihis.reai,: 

is now no foregone ooncfosion. 


David Hands on methods and beliefs of Australia’s great motivator Hull clubs clash in 

Britain finds the truth beneath the first round 

the showmanship of Jones 

When Alan Jones was appointed 
coach to the Australian team, earfy 
in 1984, to the sound of knives being 
withdrawn from foe back of his 
predecessor. Bob Dwyer, many 
critics were prepared wo watch him 
fell flat on his fece. His experience, 
they said, was limited to a 
championship season with Manly; 
be lacked knowtalip: of the “ants 
and bolts'* of the game. 

When he brought his AntraEans 
to Britain Inter font year he talked, 
it was said, a good tour. Now, just 
over a year since the Wallabies 
concluded their grand-slam tour 
with a spectacular victory over the 
Barbarians, and with several of their 
players here again in Que ensl a nd 
colours, Mr Jones has remained 
persistently np right- The British, 
who shy away from glib talkers, 
have looked mderneath the show- 
manship in the hope of fin ding a 
huckster and have found that rare 
commodity — tr uth. 

Jones - opinionated, arrogrant, 
inquiring, according to your taste - 
has impressed some of foe most 
doryo-to-earth rugby ad mi n is trators 
in tills country. One leading coach, 
the last man I would have expected 
to the comment, expressed the 
wish that Jones could give England 
a talk before their first m atch , much 
as he did before Oxford defeated 
Cambridge in die University match. 

Jones, now 42, is barfing as much 
energy into his developing radio 
career with Station 2UE in Sydney 
as he did as a schoolteacher, 
political speech w ri te r and executive 
director of the Employers Feder- 
ation of New Sooth Wales. He has, 
without question, strode a chord 
with Australia’s rugby players - 
even those “un foe onter” of his 
team's success bst season, who may 
have grumbled at their adodm, 
bat would have given their eye teeth 
for selection. 

liis approach to coaching is based 
oa'developing a trusting relationship 
with players. “The biggest weakness 
in foe whole of foe game is 

Jones communicator 

Sometimes, I suppose, I can bring 
my literary bockgroBnd to bear (he 
was an arts graduate from Queen- 
sland University). In foe 1984 tour 
party we tried to achieve the same.! 
feefing as that which Nadia 
Comaneci, the Romanian gyinni 
described during foe 1976 Oiyraj 
Games. She said: *My mU b fall eS 
getting it absolutely right 1 . 

. “Nevertheless it was a difficult 
time jnst before the grand shun 
games against Scotland last year. I 
had a back problem, foe players 
were tired and nervous, and when we 
had the team talk, David Campese 
was at the other end of foe room, not 
heaing a word. We talked until he 
was with ns I asked than to 
remember that, in my view, in life 
there are four things which never 
come bade the arrow which b fired; 
the spoken word; time spent (and at 
this point 1 knew I tad than); and 

By Keith MackUn 

One of foe Humberside giants, are quite capable of springing a 
Hull or Hull Kinston Rovers, wiQ surprise an another top second 
ppcar in foe first round of foe division dub, Barrow. 

Silk Cut Challenge Cop. The draw The third amateur dub to reach 
was made at Hcadmgley, Leeds, foe main stage of foe C hal le nge Cap 
yesterday and foe two great rivals are KeOs, winners of tire Cambrian 

meet in foe first round after Hull Amateur Cup. They travel to EUand 

ce Hunslet in the 

communication*’, he said. “Yon most 
get players to talk to yon. In 
Ra gland no one has ever talked to 

the players. These blokes do.” 
ese bloke 

“These blokes*' are Martin Green 
and Brian Ashton, England's new 
coach and assistant coach, who last 
month spent an evening in Jones's 

Even though die Australian was 
■way from home for some six weeks, 
be maintained regular contact by 
telephone with his leading players, 
to that relationship. “You 

have to work round your team 
people. Yon have to know them and 
be prepared to trust their judge- 

He cites as an example the 
decisions made over the final few 
places in last season's tonrteg party. 
Number 29 on a list of 30 was Tim 
Lane, the Queensland centre or 
staud-ofT half, and doohta had. been 
expressed about his playing qual- 
ities. Lane and Roger Gould, the foil 
back, were great friends, so Jones 
spoke to GoaU about foe selection 
and accepted the player’s advice that 
Lane wonkf “front np”. 

He told Lane how foe decision 
had been made. Lane spent the four 
not so much knocking on the door of 
the International sue as kicking 
down foe panels, and was kept out 
by the consistent form of three 
exceptional players: Stock, the 
captain, Ella, the playmaker, 
Lynagh, the goaBdcfcer. When those 
three were tmavnltoble last summer. 
Lane’s chance arrived, whether he 
was motivated by foe chance to 
represent Us country, or by loyalty 
to hb colleague or coach, only he 
knows, bat Lane felly justified foe 
decision. _ 

The whole busmess of motivation 
for die international player h a 
complex one: does it derive- from 
pride in wearing one's coantry’s 
colours, loyalty to the team, pride in 
one's own performance? In Jones’s 
rase he had undoubtedly found the 
key to unlock hb players’ inhi- 
bitions, aided, as he wffl readily 
admit, by the quality of players 

“Croup discussion to Important. 

said: Today we have the 
op portuni ty to be either a footnote or | 
a headline m rugby history. 

Jones'S speciality Is extracting 
w mrtn im achievement from Us 
players- His pbBosophy oh fife was 
nnj» manifest hi an in terv i ew in foe 
Sydney Morning Herald, when he 
said: “We do have things too easy 
and I rtiinfc we’re too son. And I do 
think we ask for more than we are 
prepared to earn. When I went to 
work for Malcolm Fraser (then 
Australia's Prime Minister) I rang 
np my father. This was all a bit 
Aarmtin^ for him and he ‘How 
much are they going to pay yon? I 
said 39,000 dollar* or something, 
and be said: ‘I want yon to 
remember, son, that’s three sala- 

Daring bis stay in Britain a 
variety of British players and 
coaches found their way to his door. 
Those who did have the op port u nit y 
today to compare hfe methods with 
those of one rfhfe predec esso rs, Bob 
Templeton, who is coaching Queens- 
land on their carrent tour. 

Templeton shares the platform 
with ‘Chande* White, the Rugby 
Football Union's technical adminis- 
trator for foe South and South- 
West, at a coac hin g seminar 
organized this evening (7.0) at the 
Institute of Child Health in 
Gnfldferd Street by the Loudon 
Division. Be t ween them Templeton, 
tiie Queenslander, and Jones, rd 
New Sooth Wales, tare taken 
Anstrafia a long way down rugby’s 
road to p i e-e nrinen c e. Engl ish r ngfcy 

has i unique opportunity to leant 

from their achievements. 

have completed the formality of Road to fece 
disposing of an amateur dub, preliminary round, and have an 
Dudley Hill or Simms Cross, in foe onteide prospect of ■winning against 
preliminary round. a disappointing second division 

This big confrontation apart, the team, 
draw has not thrown up many Bradford Northern and second 
potentially rivetting matches. The division Wakefield Trinity have a 
holders, Wigan, travel np the West Riding derby at Odsal, 
Cumbrian coast to fece the second Dewsbury win not be too daunted, 
division side, Workington Town, by a home tie against the out-op 
and alfoought Town are doughty form St Helens, and Keighley and 
cup fighters, Wigan will carry too Doncaster are not beyond overtnnt- 
much pace for than. ing foe form book against Leigh and 

If there is to be a surprise it could the mercurial Salford, 
happen at Featherstone, where those A second division derby game, 
marvellous cup fighters, foe Rovers, JBramley v Barley, looks finel y 
take on Widnes. Rovers are having balanced, and Rochdale Hornets will 
a poor first division season, and do wdl to repeat their league success 
Widnes are in second place in foe pffiUMHAflY round pm to toptayod 
championship, bat Feafoerstone are ; 

beginning to put things right, and 

might shock foe league’s most FjOTjKMOjfla^to be. ptoyad on iha 

-famous trophy banters of recent wrarad of Ftenijy sgfc Hui K togion 

Ravam v Hul or Dudtay HE or Stain don; 
T®? 5 : - Dramury v St I We n i; Pra rtoy v Ban**: 

Swinton have attractive vmtora feamantm Rmm v WUnan -Haite-V 
in Leeds in the p reliminar y round' s wite or uah Woridnptoi To wn » W igan; 
and foe winners grve promise of an J 

interesting game at H al ifax in foe NoSSm v Wafe3*kj 
first round. Fulham are beginning to Shv ffaM E sgta; Futoam * Banra; Doncntar 

a close run on tionday. They cwwa or 


England must improve 

By Joyce 

Eleven of the 16 players it to 
hoped will lift the England women's 

team out of foe doldrums have been 

named for the national squad. Five 
more players will be added after the 
B international tournament at Old 
Trafibid from February 21-23. 

Apart from in foe bonar countries 
marches England’s record was a 
sony one last year. The touri n g 
team to Australia was defea t ed time 

and again, a young England team 

lost to West Germany and Great 
Britain (which included seven 
England players) lost . aB five 
imapuriisnal maieltw ■ a ping 1 tint 
Netherlands in Holland in foe 

With foe World cop champion- 
ships in July this year, a marked 
ap p rov em ent must ,be achieved if 

England are to mamfeln th e ir dace 
among the to LJ nations of the 
world. Many . leading -players 
acquired greater drill in recent 

months (po doubt the newly formed 
centres of excellence' are playing , a 
part). But 'the season is never 
ending, and some of the lop players 
have been injured and others look 
simply tired out- L 

England have some very promis- 

ing young players but they must 
fulfil their promise by the first 
international if England is to 

gain confidence. 

EHQLAID SQUADe J Cook (Suflold J AHdns 

J B m n hte r (Cti—reaL S B ro wn 

K Bra{tmLMQMMt 

WtoWB SQUAD: M Burrwm (pMfanNra), 
V H*ara (Shanwo Lraral. MNufl 

. LArCmaa 

Carr (LanbastahaL X Gordon 



it hurts too much to laugh 

Christmas and the New Year 
brought their usual crop, of 
articles recalling - the best 
moments, not least sporting 
moments of 1985, or of the 
century, or of a Iifetixnq. Qtrite 
right too. It is a season for 
nostalgia. I spent the time in 
hospital, which is not the best 
place to be, though Ham Green, 
Bristol, certainly did their best 
to- keep us cheerful, even the 
foimidable Sister, who is 
popularly reppted to spend, her 
spare time as a traffic warden in 
Bristol City Centre. 

And when it came to sporting 
recollections, the natural ques- 
tion to ask was, what have been 
my most miserable moments? 
And at once, rather unexpected- 
ly, my thoughts sped to the Cup 
Final of 1938. I was 14 at the 
time, and = already more, .inter- ^ 
ested in' rugby than soccer: Brit, 1 * 
the match was between Preston 
North End : and Huddersfield 
Town. ; . * . - .. : - 

Hudde isfiekl Town had for 
years, as a result of a Yorkshire, 
upbringing, been, 'my favourite 
dub. After their great run Under 
Herbert Chapman in the twen- 
ties, they had feUen-away : and 
indeed were to be nearly 
relegated in that same season. 
StfiL, they had somehow stag- 
gered through to Wembley; 

though they, were not given 
much i ’ 

chance against . Preston, 
one of - the season's most 
successful teams. 

I was not, of course, there, 
but I settled down to listen: to 
the radio commentary. T was 
not very, hopeful, and if Preston . 
had scored a couple of early 
goals 1 would have {tone, down 
the road to watch Leyton in the 
Athenian League or even 
Leyton Reserves. But Hudders- 
field held on, and even seemed 
to be having a reasonable share 
of the play. They had a notable 
centre-half, Alf Young, who had 
played for England. He was ■ 
what we used to call a 
“s top per**/ then a relative 
innovation ■ and he' . stopped 
Preston verysatisfertorify.; 

' And rat . outside'; light they 
had, , of all people, Too Hulme. 
Hulme had been xt flier, and his 

mtelligehce, his ability to read a 
game compensated for the 
mi ss in g yard of pace. He did 
-.much for., that Huddersfield 
side, partly becaiise he was such 
. a good and experienced com- 
panion. .1 

_ There was no score at half* 
time. There was none; at fiiU- 
time either. I am told that the 
standard of football was not 
high, that to the uncommitted it 
was rather a dull nw^h, but by 
this time I was enwrapt and into 
extra-time we went'.-. 

Still no score: Tommy Wood- 
mflfe was the "commentator. 
With about a l minute to go he 
said, “rn cat 'my hat if there's 
any score in this match”.- With 
about 30 seconds left, AJf 
Young stretching for a tackle, 
gave away a penalty. The 
viefetee, . Jimmy Jewell, was a 
strict man and no doubt worse 
offences have.- been forgiven: it 
must have taken some courage 
; to 'give the decision in those 

riirnur paiH**- . - 

The jgoalkeeper was Hesford 
(“and ! wouldn't be in his shoes 
now’W&aid Wpodruffc, “for all 
thertea in China”). Mutch took 
the kick and. scored. .Tom 
Webster drew one of his famous 
cartoons depicting how the 
situation must have, appeared 
, a tuy goalkeeper in 

front . of a huge expanse of net, a 
tmy _net hardly visible because 

ora huge, .ferocious goalkeeper. 

. I tobk it vety batfly. I rushed 
through foe kitchen to give the 
■awful news, to mother who was 
preparing tea. “Alan” she said 
v«y severely, “What are you 
t hinking of? A great boy of your 
.coring about a football 
match.** But I was too distressed 
to feel-shame. 

Yes?/;I "think the Preston 
penalty was about the worst. I 
had hjad some bitter moments 
six ydagrs earlier when I saw 
Holmes . and Sutdiffis toore 555 
for Yorkshire .against 
then the world record for. any 
wicket* The bitterness' arose ' 
when, in foe midst of jubilation,' 
Sthe scoreboard moved back to : 
554,-and we were told that there 
had been aamscount and they . 
had; only, equalled the record. 

not beaten it Before the tears > 
had tune to spring there came a . 
further- correction, .*a -no-ball - 
‘ its {daoe on foe •. 

. Z am sure Bill (Sir WiSiam) 
Maflaheu must have s uffe red as ’ 
I did that Wembley day in 1938. " 
Huddersfield neveplud a'jhoo \ 
passionate . supporter not. foe - 
town, 1 would guess,' many : 
better Members of Parfiament ; 
But curioudy, his most acute t 
spotting d isa ppo in tment was l 
nothing to do with Huddosr 
field, or even Yorkshire, or 
even England. It was when , 
'€krpentier was beaten by ? 
Dempsey for the heavywei^it ' 
championship, of the wood. : 

Oxford defeats at Twickeni 
ham have led to some painful 
moments. The worst was in 
1947- when we had an excep- 
tionally strong side led by fo« 
mighty B. H_ Travers and nearly 
all the play, but woe beaten by 
two penally goals to notlring- 

There was another occasion 
at TwKkenham when I was ' 
unable to cry myself, for Iwas 
broadcasting, the radio com- ’ 
mentaxy, but I understand that I 
sounded so doleful I produced a 
:few damp eyes in Devon 
clubhouses. It was the county 
championship final of; 1956, 
Devon against Middlesex. 
Devon had not wou the 
competition for .'44 years, but 
•led by 9 points to 0 -in the : 
middle of the second half- Yet ; 
Middlesex won, 13-9. - 

Tt was a sad day, nlso at 
Twickenham, when in -a dub 
final John Puffin • wint off 
ufoured in the first few minutes ; 
and^ with him, Bristol's femes ; 
(no. re^acemenls then).-. But , 
g rarinaft y, 1 found such- pains 
easier to bear. Like Abraham ■ 
L mc olo, I had become too old • 
to ay, although it often hurt too 
much to laugh. ; . * 

So metimes, time brings ‘1 
compensation. It-did fcB' Devon 
m Just one year. But you 
cannout rtfiy on h. It never has : 

for Hudderafidd.’ I suppose I > 

mayfoaj^ a merry Christmas or * 
two yet, but. r shall always look 
taefcon that 19&5 throng * < 
.slight haze of masked tears* . ■ 

\ 1 * ‘ ' 

f ! . ' , ^ k f Hr 

■~Z w * 

7; ’ . ■ 

W I - • -■ 



i V k# tera 


: ^ *• -4- 


1 r*c- 

A' 1 ; 



.Vv,-:. - 

vr;* •• 

:-c f ( », 


}***bV tr * 





■ ; The Contentious Business . 
Department handles for TheLaw Society 
ah issues in the coateatiousTxauu^ri 
field, indudiag feh^aud prooxterdom,- 
costs and the profession's remuneration. 
The Department prcmdesinfismation 
and advice to the prafesskmand promotes . 
the policies of the many committees it - 
services. . . . 

A vacancy exists faraSdidtorof ... 
twoormoreyeara’-expmenjte , 
jom aaxpnritted team. Vfe are looking for 
a lively advocate with a knowledge of 
Legal Aid aid although the post-holder. ' 
will help service particularly the Society’s 
Crhninal Law Comnxitteeand Child Caie :• 
Law Waking Party, we wDuId.welbpme,/ 
candidates who also have experience . . 

of tribunal work, and an imaginative. • • - - 
approach to legal serviasissaes. ■ 

The successful candidate can : 
expect bo contribute to The Law Society’s 
work on numerous projects, including - - 
relevant legislation arid government 

:,conadtatkms.^ - 
■* *- He orshe will need to communicate 
effectively with M-Rs/semor government: 
cffiriaJs, themed^ Aepirife^iwa^ -■ 
the pubic, w31 have some .experience of 
writing for publication and must be able 
: to r work -on their own initiative...,. 

pasBneniang safety dejxsxting 
' on length of experience since admission,; 

rahgMbwn r £l2iS69 p.a.-wilh 2-years to 
, -£l6,H9pjL-for7+ years experience 
(subject to review injaty). Excellent am* • 
di^sindude^d^arffinalleaye; ‘ 
■ moEaai^ witb'service, a «MUributjory. • 

- Superannuation Sdnahe^mtarestfree 
■. season-ticket loan and sot^idised •Staff 
LuncheO&Room. 1 ^ v; : - . 

■ ■ Send your CX indudihg currant' 

' responsibilities and salary details jp~ 
confidence toMissJ W CoDerson, 
Personnel and Tfehiing Manager; 

The Law Sodety 113 Chancery Lane, 

‘ London WC2A1PL. 

Closing date 22nd January 1986. 

; Michael Plage Partnership 
Offas lou A Prosperous New "Sear 

1986 Promises to be an exceptional year far opportunities within rKs tj pl 
Profcsnon: Mlaries are improving and many areas of practice arc expanding. 

'We a« experiencing? high fcvd of demand dwpudxiut Central Londoafor 
. assistant solidtoa horn newly up to 5 years, qualified, particularly in the 
compaDy/commeidal and financial fields. 

If yoy are contxmpbtinga tniove for the New Tear, why not contact us? Our 
’ i.iegafly quaBfied consultants wiO be tappy to provide advice an die options 
xvaU^iatlK market and, ifyou wish, introduce you to the most suhableof 

• If you would like an informal career discussion, please telephone Simon 
Anderson, Huw frederkfaon or Laurence Simons on 01-831 2000 
(01-802 ' 8730 eveningstoedtendt) or write to The Legal Division, 

. MichadPage Partnership- (UK), 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 
5IJLStrktestconfidenrialiry assured. 

Mkhael Rage Rartnership 

- •. International Recruirmcrit Consultants 

LandonWhktor Bring} Rnwnglwn Manchester Leeds Glasgow 
. Brands NewfafcSpfcKr 
AmnnbcrqJ the Addison Rt&HXIf'niup 




We are a huge successful firm, based in the heartotihe Mkfiands, with 
comprehensive range of Legal Services. 

Currently 160 strong and esgiamfing, we need career raindsd and ambitious 
Lawyers to help us achieve our growth objectives in the following two areas: 
UmGAnON. Primary involving substantial Court rnafl^Tjartfcufaa^/ 

those connected wBh insolvency, employment law, buiing arbitration and 
fffleBectual pr o perty.' . ' \ " , - 

COWANY. Our Cqrnpanyand C om merc i al work is extremely varied and 
indudes acting on bdiattcflsted pubic companies andsrrafler private 
companies- • ‘ r “• * 

JdeaDy, candidates wiB have a good academic record supported by two arm ore 
years post gue^cafion twperience, although lesser experienced lawyers with the 

caver detads and dieert salary to:' - r- • 
C.W. Hajiiii: Wiwflgsft OtL. Biafc Hoqrin. 
8 Bhmim&mm BST5JY. ' - 


With excellent opportunities for high quality work, success and salary 
...with more time for family, financial security and greater enjoyment 
_ without the overhead of c tty prices and season tickets. 

'mud Bowie is a long established firm of solicitors with 23 Partners and five offices, urgently 
seeking to fill ffve Important vacancies. 


The successful applicant will preferably have a minimum of 2/3 years' experience, will be. able 
to da mo m i Pat e a sound practical' approach to commercial developments, acquisitions and 
disposals together with other related property work, 
to £20.000 depending on age and ex 


We need an enthusiastic and self-motivated person with 2/3 years' experience In handling all 
types of domestic conveyancing from the small to the very large. The successful applicant would 
be directly responsible to. one of bur Senior Partners. 

Salary? up to £13,000 dapending on age and experience. 

MATT?M3(W^ . ' 

. We seek an assistant to the Partner responsible for the firm's matrimonial and associated work, 
including Injunctions, property transfer and allied court work. The successful applicant can be a 
recently qualified solicitor wishing- to specialise in. this field and willing' to undertake advocacy in 
tha Magiitrates and County Courts. 

Ssfary: 'up to £13.000 depending on age and experience. 


This is an unusual opportunity for a -solicitor - preferably with some experience since admission - 
wishing to specialise In tax lew. The successful applicant will be instrumental in expanding the 
Tax Department whilst providing the firm's existing clients with financial advice and assistance 
Including private tax returns. 

Salary: ncontiable daoendlna on sob and experience. 


We- need legal executives far domestic conveyancing in expanding new department. Applicants 
should be prepared to. deal with straight-forward conveyancing. He or she must have initiative 
and self reliance, dealing directly with clients if required. Top salaries -will be paid for the 
successful applicants who- will form parr of a team working in ancillary offices specifically 
acquired for this department. ■ ■ 

Satary: negotiable depending on age and experience. • 

We are a progressive end busy firm offering excellent Partnership opportunities to those who with 
to. prove-their abilities in this attractive and accessible provincial area;. 

Apply to the Staff Partner at: Mesne. Ward Bowie, 

Phoenix House, 9 London Road, 

Newbury, Baritablre, RG13 1JL. 

Telephone: (0635) 35136. 



PRITCHARD ENGLEFIELD & TOBIN urgently ssek talented solicitors to do high quality work 
to the tallowing area*:- ^ ’• 

Company/Commorciaf ;■ 

Solicitors either newly ^pjafiftod or with up to'taCryrara post qualftoation experience to vvork 
in a broadly based International practice with a view to strengthening our contacts with our 
European and Hohfl Kong assoettted offices. ■ ' 


A Solicitor with tovneefiate partnership quafities to help develop our tocreasingty heavy com-' 
mertial Btigaricm practice. , . , 

A newly qualified soScitor Is afsoroqiAvd for our MemationaHy based litigation department 
For both BOgatxm poations profciency to German would be an advantage but is not essential. 

Insolvency : _ J T' . 

A Solcitorwith immeefiatspartnershfo qualities, spectaflstog to fosoivency work. 

We are a (ong-estabDshed central London practice and we are engaged toe policy of expan- 
sion. We offer exceflent career prospers w wea as the opportunity to work to an energetic 
but friendly environment Fully.compet^ • 

interested applicants are invited to write, to strictconfldence, with a fufl currictduni vitae to:- - 

Andrew Kaufman 
Pritchard Engtofleld & ToWn • 

23 Qraaf Castle Street ..... 

London W1N8NQ . 


for major international Company ^ 

£18-20,000 plus car ^ 

One of the UK's largest public limited companies with major worldwide ^ 
interests in tobacco, paper, retailing and financial services is looking for an Sp 
energetic arid commercially orientated lawyer in his or her mid to late K 
twenties to fill a vacancy at its head office in Victoria, London. 

We are looking for a solicitor with up to three years post qualification 
experience in a major company or City firm. The successful candidate will gi- 
be a member of a head office legal team of four solicitors whose respon- ® 

sibilrty it is to advise the Board on strategic issues affecting the Group and If 

manage an head office legal transactions. Thteworkentafe a wide range of 

matters and may include major acquisitions and disposals, and equity and 
capital market financings as well as general corporate and commercial 1$ 
matters. mjt 

Tire successful candidate will be expected to work with directors and J$| 
other senior functional managers on major projects. The workload can be 
intense and standards are always demanding. . 

Career prospects within tire Group are excellent and the package of bene- 
fits is highly competitive. - HI 

Please write with full C.V., or telephone for an application form to: Richard 
Dubeck, Personnel Manager, BAT. Industries pic., Windsor House, 50 Vic- 
tone Street London, SW1 H 0NLT&: 01 -2227979Ext 2044. ^ ^ 

An Exceptional Opportunity 

Our client is a medium sized and highly successful City firm. 

This long-established firm is very much committed to expansion and 
its continuing acquisition and development of new clients has gener- 
ated the need for a number of further assistants. 

Company/ Commercial 

The work handled by this depart- 
ment consists of a range of first 
cate City company/commercial 
matters with particular emphasis 
on corporate finance. The 
requirement is for several assist- 
ants from ( to 5 years admitted, 
ideally -though not necessarily- 
with some corporate finance 

Corporate Tax 

This is a recently established 
department whose success is 
reflected in its present need for 
two new assistants. Candidates 
should have excellent academic 
qualifications and up to 2 years’ 
experience in either corporate 
tax or company/commercial work, 
preferably gained with a leading 
City firm. 

This is a young and dynamic organisation which recognises the 
importance of paying top rate salaries to attract high calibre lawyers. 

Career prospects are excellent for those with die personality and 
intellect to succeed in a front-line role. For further information, 
please telephone Simon Anderson on 01-831 2000 (01-802 8730 
evenings and weekends), or write to him at The Legal Division, 
Michael Page Partnership (UK), 39/41, Parker Street, London 
WC2B 5LH. 


Michael Rage Rmnership 

. . . IrefnvffiorW ILxmrtirKre Consultants 

LdndoG Wnvbor Bristol Bumlnghatn Manchester Leeds Qa$gow 
Brandt NtwVxfc Sidney 
A member of tixAtMaonlhg PIC group 



Company and 





Apply to: Stall Partner. 
Dauntsey House, Fredericks 
Place, Old Jewry. London 
EC2R 8DB (01-600 2333) 

opportunity to energetic young lawyers 
of doing a wide variety of stimulating 
City work in the environment of a 
rapidly expanding international practice. 
Candidates should have the personality 
and ability to acquire partnership status 
within a comparatively short time and 
have experience in one or more of the 
following areas of law within our three 
main departments: 

— international banking and finance 
(including syndicated loans and ship 
finance); insurance; general 
company work; tax; commercial 
agreements; intellectual property 
law; pension schemes; employment 

— general commercial conveyancing 
in substantial and complex 
transactions, including development 
and funding work, security 
documentation and planning law; 

— High Court litigation and arbitration 
in substantial cases involving 
shipping, insurance, commodities, 
banking, and/or general company 
and commercial law. 



City of Nottingham 

Appointment of Trainee Court Clerk 
(£9,951 - £13,764) 

(Depending upon qualifications and experience) 

A vacancy arises at the Guildhall, Nottingham for- 

A Trainee Court Clerk who may be either a Barrister 

or Slicitor 

Previous experience within the Magisterial Service Is not essential as full training 
mil be given. 

The successful candidate will work in very busy Courts (120 half-day Courts each 
week) with a young, friendly and enthusiastic team of 20 qualified Court Clerks. 
The pressures of a large City Court provide the stimulus and skills necessary for 
promotion to Deputy Clerk or Clerk to the Justices. 

The Deputy Clerk to the Justices will be pleased to answer any questions and 
arrangements can be made for prospective applicants to spend a day at the 
Guildhall. Telephone Nottingham (0602) 476345. 

Applications, together with the names and addresses of two referees, should 
reach the undersigned not later the Friday 17th January 1986. Envelopes should 
be marked "Appointment of Trainee Court Clerk". 

Clerk to the Magistrates’ Courts Committee 
Guildhan, Nottingham NG1 4BQ 

MAJOR LONDON FIRMS £14,000-£20,000 
Our clients are na aci t i ng (l) C ommer cial Lawyer with 
1-2 yrs PQE. Experience in dealing with intellectual 
property and mriipnlogy sumera essential; (2> Pensions 
Lawyer for Corporate Tax Department to provide 
speoaifist advice in itiation to employee related benefits- 
Previous experience of share option schemes and* pension 
schemes in relation to “takeovers and mergers 
advantageous; and (3) Corporate Finance Lawyer to work 

LINCOLN’S INN \ ^ : £12-n4,000 

Doc to expansion, oar clients ire seeking an Assistan t 
rVim pa ny/Cnm merrial i*Wycr tb act as a ssist an t to a 
dynamic, young partner. Opportunity to work in a h^h- 
poweied tojdewrtenvironmefflii 

ipswich' ' .’"H •’ Mae 

A weB-respeetaL medium szed . jmactice, is promtiy 
looking for an assistant to x partner, providing tax advice 


Onr riwntj a medium riad practice jn rural aogro ttfidin p • 
t u mb ling n yramy and efl thtHMStiC iawVCT 10 Ulist tile 
senior partner in the .rapidly expanding c ommer cial' 
dapaphtu pirtf - have 1 -SytaraPOE.' 

17 St SwxtliiQS Duie,C6mii(m Street . 

■ London EC©I SAL 

Telephone 9i?623~4295 

Assistant Solicitor 

Salary from c£15,000 
London EC1 

'ABP is the misleading port authority and is ■ 
diversifying Its activities in a number of fields, 
particuteriy in property development 
We are now seeking an enetgetic Solicitor to join 
our Head Office Solicitor’s Department, which is 
-located in Holbom. TTie successful applicant wffl 
:dealwftb a variety of axtimercial matters 
induing the drafting of commercial agreements 
arid the setting up of iointventure companies, to 
addition be/she must be able to handle unusual 
conveyancing transactions. . 

E»»8ent conditions of employment include a 
contracted-out pension scheme and over five 

Please phone Aiasdair Clarke on 01^ -430 1177 
(extn. 274)orwriteforanappfcatjonformtothe . 
Appointments Officer, Associated British Ports, 
150 Holbom, London EG1N2LH, . 




Principal Solicitor 


£16,359 - £17,442 p.a, fine.) 

We are looking for a solicitor or barrister with 
considerate experience of planning matters, not 
necessarily in local government, to manage the 
planning and employment group of the Legal Div- 

You will advise committees and departments on 
planning and employment matters, attend com- 
mittees as required, be responsible for all legal- 
action arising from the various planning and 
employment committees and take an active part 
In the running of the Legal Division as a member 
of the management team. 

Application term from and to be returned to: 
Departmental Personnel Officer, Room 207, 
town Hail, Euston Road, London NW1 2RU. Tel 
01-278 2746 (Anaafone) quoting reference 
number 1A/4T. Closing date 24th January 1986. 

Personal Injury 
Litigation Partner 

Our client, a leading solicitor’s practice in central Manchester, wishes 
to recruit a Personal Injury Litigation Parmer. 

The successful applicant must be able to work effectively and 
efficiently under the pressure of a substantial volume of institutional 
and trade union work which is rapidly expanding within the overall 

The ideal candidate must be ambitious, hard working and have the 
personality to make a positive contribution to develop and expand 
farther this vital department, which he or she will lead within a short 

The position wffl be filled by an experienced partner of proven ability 
or one who will justify the offer of a substantial equity partnership 
within a reasonable period. 

Please write enclosing c_v. and listing separately the names and 
addresses of any companies to whom you do not wish your details to 
be sent Applications will be forwarded directly to our client who will 
conduct the interviews. ■ | siu. ea 

All applicants please apply in writing I L^J / \ 

«lyta A J I 

Mr. J. E. Rbimwood, ■ 

JRA Advertising, Smi Life House, Anv/FRTRING 

3/5 Chadottc Street, Manchester Ml 4HB. AUVth 1 -- 


01-83 7 0668 

r u 

Career opport 

We would like to hear from lawyers with drive, initiative and a good academic background who wish to develop their career 
in a progressive and modern environment, special is ing in one of the following fields: 


There are opportunities in London and Brussels for lawyers to provide 
corporate clients and institutions with specialist advice relating to 
U.K. and EEC competition legislation. 

There is scope for involtfcment in general commercial work if desired. 
At least 2 years’ relevant post admission experience is required. 


We are looking for a lawyer who, in addition iso an interest in domestic 
corporate and financial work, wishes to engage in specialist work in 
unit trusts and other types of investment funds, employee share, 
schemes and indenture trust deeds. Previous experience in one or 
more of these fields is an advantage but applications from recently 
qualified solicitors will be considered. r 

This is a fast moving and demanding area of law. Solicitors with 1 to 3 
years’ post qualification experience will be expected to combine a dili- 
gent attention to detail with a practical, commercial approach to finan- 
cial transactions. 


The litigation Department is involved in commercial, financial, insure 
ance and property orientated work for major corporations, dty institu- 
tions and sirnilar organisations, much of it mtemationally. Recently 
qualified solicitors with up to one yearis experience are required. 


We wish to recruit newly qualified and experienced men and women 
to be involved in a wide range of property work with an emphasis on 
institutional investment and property development in "the U JL and 




With an increasingly international outlook the work is varied, creative 
and challenging. Experience of pensions work would be useful but is V 
not essential . ■ • ■ 

Competitive salary and benefits which will take into account, age, qualification, 
and experience together with excellent prospects for lawyers of high calibre. 
The possibility of secondment to one of our overseas offices may arise for people 
interested in gaining such experience. 

Please apply with full c. v. quoting the appropriate reference number to: 

. k. ’ • ■ 

. . t- 

.. • '* *>,.>•.*<* • 

Mrs Alison Dickinson, 

Linklaters & Paines, 

Barrington House, 59-67 Gresham Street, London EC2V 7JA. 

_ ^ v ^ t r. 

Assistant Solicitor 


- Litigation 

Freshfields is seeking to recruit 
young qualified lawyers to join their busy 
and wide ranging Company and 
Commercial practice. 

A good academic background is 
essential, together with an ability to 
learn rapidly and to cope with a 
demanding and intellectually satisfying 
work load, much of it international 
in content. 

For those with the necessary 
application and drive, future 
opportunities exist for assignments to 
one of the firm’s overseas offices. 

Previous relevant experience is 
preferred but recently qualified lawyers 
should certainly contact us if they are 
interested in matching their abilities 
against a job specification requiring 
individuals of the highest calibre. 

Terms and conditions of work and 
promotion prospects are excellent. 

Please write, in confidence, 
enclosing a full curriculum vitae, and 
quoting CC/T to:— 

David Ranee, Freshfields, 

Grindall House, 25 Newgate Street, 
London EC 1 A 7LH. 

POTTERS BAR upflo £20389 

British Gas Eastern are seeking to fffl the post of 
Assistant Safidtor within its legal department at 
Regional headquarters. Potters Bar. 

The successful cancBdafe^ will report to the Regional 
Solicitor and wifi be responsible for the litigation 
section, also providing advice to senior 
management on common law and contentious 
matters. The post wffl involve considerable liaison 
with senior management across all departments 
within foe Region and foe incumbent wif] be 
expected to work as part of foe management 


Sweet & Maxwell, wish to appoint Legal Editors , 
to take responsibility, after training, for pgjdjca** 
and students’ books, toosefeaf worts andjoamaR. -f : 

Applicants should have honours Jaw de grees 
or professional qualifications. 

Consideration will be given to those newly 
graduated, or qualified, or to those With two- 
three years’ profesrional experience. • 

Candidates should be graduates with a least three 
years' experience in litigation, particularly within 
foe field of personal injury and should be self 
motivated and. capable of undertaking 
considerable responsibility. 

Salary will be within foe range £17,894-£20,389 
and benefits are those normoHy associated with a 
large progressive organisation including 
relocation expenses where appr op riate. ' 

For further details and an application form please 
contact foe Personnel Officer [HQ], British Gas 
Eastern, Star House, Mutton Lane, Potters Bac 
Herts EN6 2PD. Telephone Potters Bar [0707] 51151 
ext 503. Please quote reference 6751. 

Law publishing represents an attractive and 
potentially rewarding career for those with foe 
requisite qualifications arid aptitude. For the right 
people we can offer foe prospect of progress 
from general editorial work, to responsibility for 
a particular field of publishing, and m drift course- 
participation in publishing management. ■ - 

Sweet & Maxwell is part of the Legal Publishing 
Division of Associated Book Prittofoers (UK) 1 
Ltd., and applicants should write, in confidence,-- : 
stating qualifications, experience and ^present 
salary tor— 

The Personnel Director . 
■Associated Book Publishers (UK) Ltd. 

. 11 New Fetter Lane . . -t*; 

British Gas' 




Court Clerk/Senior Court Clerk 


Applications are invtted from Barrtsters/Soltcttors and persona quail- 
flad under the Justices' Clerks (Qualifications of Assistants) Rules 

1879, for this post In a busy office in this charming dty surrounded by 
the defightful countryside of the Wye Valley. Preference wHi be given 
to candidates with court dark experience but those awaiting cafl, 
admission or on the final year of the court clerks efiptama wffl be con- 
sidered Where necessary, training can be given tit aS aspects of the 
legal and actinMatrative work of a magistrates’ court 
Salary scale C.C-/P-AJD. 1-5 or 6-10 when able to take courts without 
supervision and assume some administrative responsbaty. J-N.C. 

con ditions of Service apply and assistance with removal and lodging 
■menses wfl be considered. Further in f ormation can be obtained by 

expenses wfl be considered. Further In f ormation can be obtained try 

Applications giving name, address, age, qualifications and experi- 
ence. together with names/addresses of two referees and marked 
“Court Clark" should be sent to the undersigned by 15th January 

T. A. Hmekea, Clark to the Justices, The Court House, Gaol Street, 
Hereford HR1 2HR. Telephone: 0432 276058. 


Fisher Holyoake, a substantial and pr o gr e ssi ve firm, are 
looking for two Assistants for their Bmmsgrove Office: 

1. CONVEYANCING - Able and energetic Solicitor or 
Legal Executive is required 
capable of dealing effectively 
with all types of conveyancing. 
Opportunity to handle other 
non-contentious work. 





-Advocate required mainly for 
Magistrates Court work (mostly 
Legal Aid crime}. Ideal for 
recently qualified Solicitor. 

Please write with CV to: 

4 St John Street, Bromsgrove 
Worcs B61 8QX 
Telephone (0527) 31691 


has 15 ycro legal recruitment 
experience. His dienes. indude 
most Arms of Solicitors. 
Companies. Merchant Bonks 
and Institutions looking for 
young Solicitors and Barristers. 
He cairbe contacted on 629 
3555. Interviews at 70/71, New 
Bond Street London W1 or dty 
Eves: ChalfontSt Gifei 
(02407] 3222 



We are a 5 partner firm, 
situated in W1 with an expand- 
ing ' commercial practice with a 
bias towards Entertainment 
Law. We are seeking a newly 
qualified Sotatnr to assist the 
litigation partner to deal with all 
forms of contentious work, hut 
with a strong emphasis on High 


Salary negotiable. 

Pleas* write, adottoi laH CV 
to Brin Howard. RassaBs, 
Wegner Haas*. 1/4, Warwick 
Street W1. 

Aberaerou, West Wales 
J Gwynae Hughes & Son 
Appointment of , 
Assistant Solicitor 

Established FamEy SoBdioa viih 
-OeMnd Practice hive a raacaocy Jhr 
one. Awwnmt Sofichor. . 

CnuOdna of two or three yen* 
past a dwiM io a e xpaiake win bn 

The ntay far the pact vS be by 
wn mrainff . The Urn practices in 
modem is ed offices m this attractive 
oo«*jd town. The sacceafid 
WtiBcmt witi be pan of a tintehtt 

L»i, v--M' r :i r v 

CO. OonmMKdaL Ha prunqtoiM. 
Omml London rawtee. pc«il -5 
veer* admtttad. to £20.000. - Court 

We Invite ao fi c U ot a and legal 
executives available for long & 
short farm assi g n ment s In al 
areas to contact us. 

The Loom SpacMsts 
ASA Law 

6/7 Liidgata Squan^ Ludgat* 
Hffi,- London Bpnt 7A8. 

Parish Franc© 
is seeking a . • 


With S to 5 years experience In international banking 1 
transactions, Including syndicated etirocurrencytoR/v 
agreements under- English and New York Jaw, : and 
documentary credits., Abfflty to draft legaL documents 
arxf work m Engfehte mandatory ^ * . !" 

TT 188, THE TIMES, 8 n» Hatevy ; 
75441 PARIS CEDEX 09, Franca 



Lrtceab^Ctty Divteton 

■mranttBd tii a enrin the oaqlsMal rentes/ ■ 

Arttcto* of CfertaMp^r appropriate,- wflibitaflarad. - '• 

- 4 - 



P^r^F^^S3G ^^^fr ; ^ 'j^f 3 F£ r iMn^7Si33yHi5i£ ^^SS£ E^laI£^^l] 

>1 . K 1 !. pf,', 1 ;n 1 1 1 _ I »•',« i^ I ";" r: " j I to «!!-: \.»7 .^J p. a 

young managmpnff off- 

L^il^^-Lrlgijl'a ‘TtO i »^'in» , .-.'f -m i'Muir 3 iii'iiH'^if-i’i-iiiit'-ti 

■Jjr * i r*-: i r»T'4 (ii CTT?uT\^Kjp?3ivI?t I r-»>lk.i* *tiw|^i :>‘4 *) 

'. ■» '- L» 1 1 *- ■ iT: ( 1 A' vil i i B « ) k~- r»T |TT-T,-B-:- ij tj7\ > i C» B t « > f » 

[«(h i^nn f-il iTXiTn 

FT-vS i i ) 1 1 Kiniliiti-'* 1 imTTJTi ■ > f 

‘fw *.'•'■ * • •^^^T^TYnuTaikUHrmPS^^ 

Ml-t 1 w-rl 

L *■■ i i*h »';sn [t i * j * i r*i 4 j » nV'ii 

i- j » . rr U (« J i r , - 1 L '»,1 

iTi# J t iY. ufVv* sTTi r^; 

Financial RecraitmeMConsuJ cants 
>,?; Palmer §trcctlondojj SW1H CAB Tct 01 -222 5169/1 181 


We urgently need more young, welt qualified and ambitious Solicitors to 
join our fast>growlng property department 

They will help us to deal with institutional, public and private property 
company clients, a wide range of other substantial commercial property 
work and some top residential conveyancing. 

1 to 3 years’ post qualification experience in the field is necessary but real 
ability and a positive approach are more important 
The salary range is £15,000 to £20,000. 

Please apply with full CVto: 

Andrew Shaw r . 
Baileys Shaw & Giiiett, 
5 Berners Street, 
London, W1P4AN. 

: NTS 

Required, to hand D» lags! oxacuSva support in i teamwith 
reaporeftrfWy for e heavy wartrfend of paraonsl infury cWms - 
tickxSng most by pa te nt s. and other, contentious natters 
arttinplrwiial wpactaofHantth Sendee work; *" 

Good aaparienca of p o foa t a d .injury JtfgMiah b teqi&iBd 
togtoter witi experience dr potential 1 o.suynnvis«> staff. - 
The port w* be b iia ad In Sheffield and assMance With. 
rido«aBfopa«p(W » e s fo>»ifi taM eaBidMalesnMyt>B^ • ‘ 
App ica Mon form end flsihar dataBa: avaBabb : tom the 
ftereonhai Division, Firfmod Hotrte, Old fnrfwood Road, 
Sheffield. S|10 3TH. or to top f io n e (0742> 30651 1,Ext 319. 
quoting referenda AGD1 15. T7Si January. 1986. 


Bristol • "■ 

Our Frapedy DepartnieminsB^ 

A Commercial 

with ft least T yon’s irievante^perieMC to handle j 
wide ranfe of nfititntHHial and corporate wort 

A Solicitor 

with at least: L year’s relevant experience in the town, 
and cocmtiy planning aspect off property devdopmeEt. ... 

An Assistant Solicitor 

for u cspaadmstesidcatial property tram. 

1 aalii afi— l ia ranfiflnrr t> J 6 Fairbaha, Bens 
Hancack * C* 25 BalMa Street, Bristol, BST 1NE. 
TeMww«72-277<42. ■ . . 

- — r =“ N 


We maeady xeqnixe a nevty. qualified Solicitor fix our ■ 
MaMat m ie practice, The successful ap p li c an t 
wil ana firifsiiira partner with E5*h Ct^ and Comi^ 
iwrft ta fi ng l mrtrrmfw mL persQ Bal iqrnry and 
wwtiipr iMywwi Su p crvu rioa it iwnMte. The position 
o&ri excellent career and itmnneTalian beaefits. . 

;T ^ 

Bicfcari Chtftley, BmifieMHewssn and CMder, ' 
IarktoHea*e,‘)Padtfta*Laae f Mrfdrtone,IVffil‘ilPip; 
or Tafapbwe (6622) 57455 Arfarfher detafla. 


We ate looting for in isomm sotiritoc, who may be newly 
qualified at may have several yens of tricraot e^edenon. He or 
she has science ‘A’ lereb, ptthajtt a degree in science or 

rn rjjnrvrlu j tlHf -a twrc pndtf ltand'mg Qf CQglPlggtS. TTw WOlk 

is pskicipiillT fiugadon at foe mdasmol and phapiaiCHiiinl.cnd . 
of the mteflectod property fidL sitb- some other trrfmical 
t W gfti w i and nhted esm^rciri wod» Iffitirily, the new 
ataianr will weak dosdy with a. partner, reqxmsSufity, salary 

«vt prosper wMimaiaBy depend u pon ex p erienc e and A3ity. • 
Pteva write wfMOCV-m -- 
Caiaf.fili^PannciriiqhSKTctxry ...... M 

Vywihk Patter Clremberiara 

• The Army’s Legal Branch will re- 
cruit six lawyers in the Spring. 

Successful applicants, at least 25 
years of age and preferably with ad- 
vocacy. experience, uiH be chosen at 
L a Selection Board which wiQ sit in 
February 1986. 

On appointment, you will be com- 
missioned as a Captain on a starting 
salary £12^216 with prospects of pro- 
motion and a full career to age 60. 

.. Further details from Lt Col David 
Hawley, MOD (ALSl) Empress State 
Buildings Dept 8, Lillie Road, London 
SW6 rOLTelephone (01)385 1244. Ext 

ALC Officer 

27C/2S2 nghBErihaoi 
. jjoadsii WC1V7HA 


Court Clerk (Two Posts) 

tCC/PAD Pto. 1-12 - Sriny £8^71 In £12^65 p^foeforire ofLon- 


AnfflcaSans wo Invited from aitaMy qialfiad parsons preferably 
wtm experience In flw work of a JusUcer dalle's- office and who are 
able to tries a wide range of cowl sittings without supervision. 
A ppli c a ti o ns would also ba considered from BarrUare orSoScHors 
wttiourpnrvlous court axparisnoa «vho wish to taka up a cargsr'lR fw 
MagWretss* CoiatoSenrios. 

The commencing salary within the above range wB be detarmlnsd on" 
the basis erf qusEflcstfons and experience. A legafly quaSfied candl- 
dUs wflh at Inst 12 months' experience can expect * salary of 

These posts are subject to ttie LM.G^.C. ring fence procedure. Witti 
their agmranent It is now befog offered on an unrestricted besia. Ap- 
pfcahons are hnittadfrom anyone srith appropriate quaBHcadona and 
experience but priorily wfl be given to emptayna of the Greater 
London Oowxa or WaaMrataa' Courts Co mr wtteaa . 

Application forms, obtainable from the undnrsispiad. should be com- 
pwiad a nd raturned by 28th January, 1988. 

Christopher Gmcfy, Oofc of the C wm ejttn e , The Court house, 
177g81 Wgh Road. Somh Woodford, London EK 2QF. (Tat: 01-504 




lo wwk dosdy with Partners in Commercial and 
Ihsaorance-rdaied Litigation. 

Applications from candidates of op to three years 
qualification are invited. 

Please write, with cv. to 


' Exparufing firm urgently requires 


ftx wide range of commercial conveyancing work. 
Conveyancing experience essential. Good salary 
acoording to experience. 

Please send fuB CV to Mr C J Blair, or telephone 


", 7 Hailey'^reet; London, WIN IDA. 



An International^ Financial Services Group wWi Cor- 
porate HsadquartBrs hi Brussels, seeks to appoint a 
young newly qualified Soficftor as Assistant to the 
Vice President Administration in Brussels- General 
experience in company, property, commercial and 
some Btfgatidn, would be considered advantageous. 

Salary negotiable. Interviews will be held hi LorKkHL 
Write wfth fufl CV to Box 1212N The Timies. 


Young profes^cmalfy qualified Lawyer required for 
early appointment by Iste of Mari based company 

Salary c £12^)00 pa (Manx tax rates apply) plus car. . 

Aj^ in confidence wfth fuH CVto: 

The Company Secretary . 

' Select Corporate Services Lid 
1 . - Homeric House, 3 Mmart Pleasant 

2 Douglaa, Isle of Man - - ...... 



£14,133 to £15,273 (P03) 

The Legal Division has a vacancy for an Assistant 
Solicitor in its Personal Services Section. That section deals 
wittrwork arisina from the Social Sarvices Department 

able to work under pressure with a heavy caseload, 
respond efficiently to emergencies and have a broad 
sympathy with the work of the Social Services Department 
" Appficatians from employees of the GJ_C. or MJXCjf 
with relevant experience will be welcomed. 

Southwark Is an equal opportunity employer. 

Applications are welcome from candidates regartfiess of 
sax or ethnic origsi and from registered disabled persons. 

Telephone 01-701 2870 (24-hour answering service) any 
fone for an application form, or write, on a postcard, hr. 
The Personnel Officer, London Borough of SouBtwark, 25 
Commercial Way, London SE15 6DG. 

Please quote nefc T/1/5135 and iob title. Last date for 
receipt of completed application forms: 29.1 Afi. 


a London borough 



With corporate/financial/litigation 
experience, to join Chairman’s central 
executive team. 

Preferred age: 30-45. 

We offer responsibility, action, the 
opportunity to make a real personal 
contribution and move ahead. Send 
photo with fullest CV to The Chairman, 
Hanson Trust, 180 Brampton Road, 
London SW3 1HF. Envelope to be 
marked “LEGAL”. 




Litigation Solicitor/Legal Executive 

wBi tuffidwtt up cricnca lo nw « boay Pvfl Bgation departm ent wfih Btnpftwfct 
on PA work at thrir Howniow otfice. Corapoflttm striary. panrion and quaifo car 

Telephone Mr Weston 01-570 5471 

Legal Problem Solver 

Make your 1986 New Year Resolution 
to join the successful Sun Alliance team 
in Bristol 

Sun Alliance & Phoenix is b major international composite insurance group, 
ranking amongst the top 50 compan ie s in the UK. 

We currently have an attractive career opportunity within the Legal Services 
Department of our Life Division. You wiUjom a smatf professional team and be 
involved in a wide range of responsibilities of a practical and varied nature, aris- 
rng from the Division's life assurance and pennons business. These wiU include 
giving legal and technical advice on tax, trust and commercial matters. 

You will eitfterbe a recently qualified sofidtor or barrister, ready fora consider- 
able amount of independence and responsibility, salary c. £11,000; or a 
recently qualified lew graduate who can take advantage of our comprehensive 
training programme, salary £7,000-£3,500. A strong interest in financial mat- 
ters and in the practical application of commercial law and the law relating to 
trusts and taxation is essential. 

Excellent benefits include non-contributory pension scheme, flexible working 
hours, sports and social club, and where appropriate, a mortgage allowance 
and relocation assistance. 

Please write with a detailed CV, or telephone for an application form, to 
Janet Styles, Recruitment Co-ordinator, Sun Alliance Insurance Group, Life 
Division, Gun Alliance House, North Street, Horsham, West Sussex. Tel: 
Horsham (0403) 64141 ext 3594. 




Corporate Secretarial Adviser 

Central London 

Our cSant is part of the fourth largest international oil g’oup.which has major invest- 
ments in the UK and Europe covering exploration and production, marketing and 
refining, trading, shipping, and related activities. 

Reporting to the Group Secretary you will act as a technical specialist on important 
company secretarial projects and participate generally in company secretarial 
and administrative matters for some 25 UK companies. You will also act as 
Company Secretary of three operating subsidiary/associate companies. There 
will be signific an t Raison with subsidaries both in the UK and Europe and regular 
contact with the parent company in New York. 

Ideally a graduate in your late 20's or early 30‘s, you are a Chartered Secretary 
with a minimum of four years' post qualification experience within a large group of 
companies. You will demonstrate significant technical expertise and well 
developed interpersonal skifls gained in a professional group secretariat 
Salary and benefits, reflecting experience and qualifications, will be as expected 
from an international oil company. 

Please write - in confidence- enclosing your CV and an indication of current salary : 
to Lesley Gifford ref. A^01K3. 

TWs appointment is qpan to men and women. 

HAY-MSL Selection and Advertising Limited, 

52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W QAW. 

Offices in Europe, the Americas. Australasia and Asia Pacific. 

. 1 






We continue to expand our Commercial Conveyancing Department, 
which advises a wide range of institutional, developer and public company 
clients in connection with their property investment and development 

The department wishes to recruit a recently admitted Solicitor committed 
to specialising in commercial property related work and seeking an 
excellent opportunity to broaden existing experience and improve career 

Applications in writing with full CV to: 

Guy Palmer, STONES PORTER & CO, 

25/27 Farringdon Street, London, EC4A 4AQ 

I 1986 dnow your career mow now. 
for tamer env London. Wok Country. 
Scum CMtf. Ernst MMmnttt . West 
Midlands. Worn OnnanBante 095S 

I BRANCH SOLICITOR under 30 with 
l diacrcat But vigorous nwroach tem- 
pered to DOW town environment 

Gtoucesier Town. firm. UUaanon 
BUs CXO.OOO. Wmwx co n a unan ta 

under 50 for north LCKMion Orm to 
£11,600. Wessex Consonants: OS3& 

quality wortc with Sown town firm 
to Cl 1.000. Wessex Co tt h ma m a 

IPSWICH. Young Assttmrt SoUcUor 

for mainly mm-conicnlloua work 
£10.000- Wessex CMH W l ttB l l l S . 0955 


anU.093S 25185. '> 

nwtrtal Uaa for admitted soHctto r fqr 
HvnDtMn town firm. CI7-DOO 

CSSSoStadlanin 093526183 ; 


Two w ctnc fet prwtoitty tuM ta wefl 
iHiBWiehari txanch practice aui mfcte 
for spacttoa/lagal cucutim wHh 
good axperienca. One vacancy is ter . 
a probtdaJlrusWcflnvayanoar end he 
other ter b commonr eoamon 
taw and gwml toi p wtanea. Good 
privy. -Pleasant locafion and ofCce*. 
Andy W *1 to* C.V. to A J. GB. 
kficin. Slatv. MBer 5 Ca, Tha 
Urn. S Bfemtoghara Road. WtatM 
iwUig your raply ‘Prtepta and 


Exp erienced Legal Secretary. 
Word Processor pgefai ed. 

Rri^tw nffirw Small J fr i e ndl y. 


01-837 1234 extn.7677 
or 01-278 9161 


TabU -235 6222 






We ore a medium sized and friendly firm of Solicitors 
practising in St James's, SW1, requiring an experienced 

Legal Secretary fin: our expanding Conveyancing 
Departm en t. 

We offer twice-yeariy salary reviews, 4 weeks’ holiday, 
luncheon vouchers?, STL and good working conditions. 

Please send CVto: 

Mrs J A Harris, 


2 Duke Street, St James's, 

London, SW1Y6BJ 


Cfty soOcitore wish to appoint an experienced 
Inform a tion Manager to taka overall charge of running 
this busy department. You wfll have responsibilit y for 
supervision of both the library and information 
functions. The professionally qualified and highly 
motivated staff currently consist of a Librarian, two 

Other responsibilities wifl indude further development 
and exploitation of the firm’s internal information 
resources and the Implementation of computerised irv- 
house Information retrieval systems. 

Preference wfll he given to ca/xficfatas who are 
Chartered Librarians, and who have several years 
experience of worfctog In a law library. 

The position canfes an excel lent salary. 

Phrase apply with fid! curriculum vitae ter. 

Bernadette Wdtoughby. 

McKenna & Co 






requires Assistant Solicitor 
for conveyancing work 
ntaMy but litigation expert* 
ence an advantage. 
Applicant preferably should 
have 3 years qualified ex- 
perience. Salary negotiable. 

TeL 01-4844411 



r teat 3 yean pan adsdisQa 

Of a lean 3 yean pan adnzusaa 
LijA i iuicr, n j ^u im iJ iaCsmbericy i 
office of 8 partner fins for 
Advocacy, Matrimonial ud 1 
goml Imgadoanodc. 

Sa lar y ocf otiiMc. 

Write wkb &Q CV to Steven i 
GaBatber of Ne3 Turk & Co. 
39/41 Vktona Rd, rafak —ia tK 1 

Riip aWre , | 

I 1 — = 

1st Class 

raqvMtf ter Ptatnar In HanSy *na 
<* SoWWl naar Rate StreaL 

CAveto mmnta prtw 

•"SK . *5!!!!2? 

full-time 1 


required by and! Duty Son ct Sofld- H 
ton wim lined practice, for pbatort [ 
rtflcaa.h torytoOww^ 6 l Stoay j 

figm. Up id rajnn + tmac*. 

Tel: 486 8721 \ 

* mm M— « nnhi ■MRftAC 

oi-4— nw.e* n e* " rto >> 


also on page 30 


cr f'lcjv.sal'V " .?•/' 


... J « rJw 5 2“USLflS. - Pi NUicwon.1 Hospital. 

• ... t r. - cttv !S£I.iriiA'- January -s 

t .f.i. li»~ V<ry Kei-d or Huotl 

:.■. : c-i.-rr* D.—jrUi :.cvo. cuz. us. 

•!r. - •. .••'"■ " — aur < ; Sntvrtlus 41 DuMtee iSt 

. . .d: s r tin"-:, Sonwnin? xr.-xterntar c<f m» 

-■ b Osr.-ril Aswrafcly and Dean of Bw 

r.r' ~' d 5 Ci-rrci n?»2l la Scotland. Dearly 

. -4. . ;o -;j n-ijN--.d cr is^iet and father pi 

. ■■■•■ Jl-f'fJS s r.;oav. Calm zr.t Ruih aim a much 

--ft t levod Araodfathrr. Service of 

- lijre. -;i-i; s RcnumDcroncc and TTunwrivtac at 

i^SArsK «••--. 3 4 Hose Para Cnurcn. Marker Srw-M. Si 

-'■* “ ■ y - - J .Vnifr^ivs. cm Thuraday January 9. n! 

nBcanLer-pv.-?;cv 1 I.:o?m. followed by interment at 

Clwcen •* Win and t) Wn»m Ccmctary. St Andrews, 

ndai- To Friday. On D Family rnucnmU'. 

pStSSi’^wy*. For I FITiMAURICS. - Cn 3rd January, 
tho aSJ I iWr. peacefully alter a lend illness 

me .olio -'ins am.. 9 Mm will, wmi reurav. PJtrke 

I Kg' M&ERIAQES I WcCarn inec Uw< aord M. 9clov"d 

rl- nr rn r ina !| wife or Maurice and adored molhrr 

l - " op - c - n - J -- -*8* “ 1 cf Maurice and Luc)'. Funeral icr- lec , 

.11 S! Michaels Parish Cluirv'if. on-vai 

tsurwr C.JWom Thursday 9tn ■*■ ‘np'BY 
January- ;oiiO'*cfi by crcm alien - w pepth 
I mn-cdlalc family flowers only, bur *• HOBART 
am* deflations In memory in Ifn penal * •OTJL'f’T- 
Cancer Hcrcarcn Fund. < a Reeves * AUCKLAND 
.inti! Pain. Fuiv.rjl CrtTfclor 1 . 200 ^ puj 


CHEERFUL n.'s me r. S2i-. share hs* 
wtih owner. doH Tube. Saumfidtds. 
SWL8 O/r. an amenities. ElBDbcm 
exa. 01429 3i7i day. a?o aeee 

Trade 01-837 2104 and 01-278 9252 Private 01-857 5355 or 5311 Ummmv 


Announcements can ta r*swv?S cv j 
leknnona between )«;n and 3 
. o.JPpm. Monday to Friday, on g 
Saturday between 9«tm an? 3 
12. 00-Toon. iP5T S3«: on:s > For | 
nubiicpilan in* follow ms day. J 
oh«ie by : jopm. 1 

WEDDiHGS, rt~ on Cnjr* ana 5 
Social Page. £6 alma » 15%. V 4T. 5 
Court and 'Social Paw 
anntuincmcr.P can not be , 
accepted by tel»blv?ni* Enquiries 
to. Dl«? 1 23a Ek“:J 
Most other diVciilcd .ujverthie 
menir. tan he aerenled tv 
telephone. Tie deadline t? B CCpn 
3 days prior to publication »f.e & >» 
Phi h1onda.v for Wodnesdayt. 
■Should you w-tva :r fer.C in 
advertlsemeh > in "Tlllns rlease 
Include l-cur d.i> I. me ■p.'.one 
number. Eton craeavcur --UI be 
mode to insert jdv crUvements on 
dales reouesTed but otnne: be 
duaranlred. Readers arc advised le 

■i3tfc.fy IBTOBClVrl as to l he 

J infentianei- ConLilned in 
j adv erilJ emcnir er :o v-ei sj 

And when they ‘-ere cemc into 
fhs Mure, they saw the % funo child 
with f-tar 1 , tus motr.rT. and :>'l dr.wp. 
and worshipped hlm.“ - St. Matthew 

sr:pt»an-n H«g ehtiera. uxi «n. i nucMlk 
TCI OSfeS =4IK«. ; 

GODDARD - Cn New ■> car’d Day * DUBAI 

1 =66. pcavef jQj' at H'niuifi Park * MIDDLE CAST 
Kosbiwl. Slouoh. Enid M*-.dalcn. or * LUSAKA 
M r.-ancei Road. Windsor, "vile of * TOFONTO 
Ihe lam Cjc! H. E Goddard. Earl * LOS JMGCMX3 
Y orkshire ecolmcnr ■ retired.-, fen- ■* SEATTLE 
meriv of .Hac-uvon*? ■e-LAA*-* 

HunteniUi dcs-oMd mother of Peicr — - r,mfr 

•died : 5>m and it Hazel Cremation oUN W L 

Son Ice p.lvaic. '"E 

GONSALVES. - nee T.l»V A'WP ■ 59 Soil’Jl 

Tony lUnrso bravely bom.". *n SI .x,,,-. se 
Chrlsloohor i Ueibler on jjr<iars » J_. 

Joan Mars., latino wife of BoNl end ji 

moihcr ef Sharon. Adam and _ 

Cm-un Funeml imlM will U-'e Tc 

rl.icr en Friday January to al a 

Andrew's Church. Thornton Heath, 
at l and Inlcrmont folic wins a I 
F.indon Hill Cemetery Anj. cnbuincs 

■*★151 CLASS** 

★* EX£ 0 .nT\T CLASS** 

**T0URisnr clvss*A: 



OVDsttY ■*-* VELPOVU-X » 



xra w -*+ s vptwa * 



danckok wr TOfO * 



RUDDLE CAST t*TT s AIK 031 -r 



LOSAMGELE3 •*-*■ ML*3.0* 




Itsi d I9«?| 

59 Sou^i SL Epsom. Sorry 
(OS'?:?) :?53S, '25530/:? 109/ 
4 I“pO/24S32/:609? 

Telex: Z4^tj? 

Dtdttjc i P-won MW comricry am pnnwnc* 

OIK i ; I? Fcn'IjivI 3rc9. l6o . 

£■ RAD LEY -KIDD. - Cm Jamjar* - etj “ I S,.,SV n , ea ?nJ2 e fe , iJrt n ,i 

i ST edhSTuSI or^jriiw “ d^lher 

tr, j.ane and drulorRer- a daunrucr 


BYARS — On Novcnber Zoth to 
Maureen 'iwt H-'f-artn- and Stephen 
a daughter • Sarah DaOilel’c. 

Daiwa. On J«iuaryS,J? tn Sitviaperc 
to Joanna inee Hotwr li 1 arid Jeremy - 
■as«n. .Alexander John. 

<-f .Xsidicw. Leslie-. Julian and 
Vesandra Service of tnantoflivlne 
V. 5C.1IP Frldaa Jamjar* to at bl 
Edward Klny ai * Marur. 
Cambridge. Family how ere only 
please Donation?. >! desired lo 
vvelney WUdfovit Trvol. Wisbech or 


Frankfurl Ef9Calro 
Paris CS9 Nairobi 

Rome x.95 Job urn 

Ml Lin J-.89 HKcnq 

Ailw>n; Cl '39 Torenio 

staiaga £ SO N vork 

Faro £S9 1_A.-SF 

Gen Zur 

£TD Sid Mel 

CREASY. - Cn Janucrv sin. al ** c*t JcCUIER - On January 3. Pru nen c? 
mlrtstcr Hnsrlhil lo P*nm. »f e of J'nn-. ef iZeachmare. Cotlaqe. Prcsl- 
Eduard -a son. James Ceersn bury. Chrfrennam. wi/c ef the lale 

DAVY - c.i Janiur- su, le FnLirirv- Fienard. dear molher of Anne and 

D °”i N F _ r?e aaas.^3 sgfe. a s5 on Fnd,v januar> ' 10 a 

LrMer. a son. AL&uir James ■ xcun' ™ 

FISHER. - On January lit lo Carol* ii 
mec Hunll and Tim. a son. 

FRENCH - On cnristma* E- e. i-JT. is 
Ann] end P:ler. a wr. Themas 
Edward and a daunhler. Luci I 
Eirzawtn. brouter and sisicr for K'adc I 
and SWhle I 

Fienard. dear mother of Anne and 
Brlh. Rfiulem mas' lo br hold al 6>1 
Ortwry ", Roman Cath-iiic Church. 
Cheiunham on Friday Januar>- lO a; 

KEMP. - On Monday December 30. 
: 9H. v. era Harrison, aoed 76. sud- 
denly. at wnio-v-3. Thornnrton. near 
CoichiMter. Eseer:. wtdjw of Lt-Ct>l 
Fredrnclr Geo.Tc hemp Funeral to 
be advised. No flow end. Donations fer 
Red Cross. W L K cm Ole Lid. 
WI-. enhoe. Essex. 

L Palmas £119 T .Aviv £ld9 


Z l . Sw allow SI . London, w. t 
TrL C! -537 Ct>37 PI-753 PS03 


slnolc return 

FULLER. - On December 3: t°S5 to I LAME FOX. - End Maud M.B.C 












Sarah me* Co pci and Jam's - a 
<iai*^iler. Kathleen *-;jtv I 

HACKING -Eft IAN on :*:h December 1 
1986 lo Mangel m-je Hacrihi - - .me I 
Robert, a daughter Sarah a .crone i 
Alice. J 

FADOW On 39th December. :«55. lo, 
Rosemary and Cavid a sen. Dan.ei. 

HIGGINS. - On d Januar-.- to Nicole I 

■5'eaUy loved mother, orandmdlher 
and great crandm other. Pear dully to 
hcMp|!al on 3rd January. tR3€- In nrr 
95th icar. K-rrvlce SI Philip i 
Church. Earls Ceurl Rd. Iv B. Fridas’ 
terh Januar>- I pm. (allow cd bv 
crlv a'e crcmaBon Family flower-, 
■only if desired donations lo Phi??? 
Fesairatory Lnll. c o SI Thomas 
HosplLal Trust. London. SE! . 

. , r.' 3 .tr~ r< '*’ a dau ' 1t,1<:r - i MACUESTL - cm Jarman «h peace 

IRELAND - Or. Z5rd P’cemBcr. to- 
Calhertne nee Karel and Ronald, a I 
daughter i Ham cl Sarah'. ! 

JACKSON. - On Deceht?er 3t. i'SS. ; 

ro Deborah iswm Sandervsrj and 
Peter - a d a lighter. Grace. 
C-VEN-PAWSON. On Ji-niarv a ai 
' ersoiQe?. le Sue inee Wnlkrri and 
Pcicr. a dauchter, Saritit Clare. 

HACKMAN i MoKhdow-' I 

RAILTON. — On J.muarv H? to ! 

EUcabcIh inee 7. libel ' ar.d Lance, a I 
T-rn. Edw-ard James. j 

PEAD. - On 5th Jan -jam. tc Llndw 
iner Packhani' And John a sen. 
David Charles al .Mount Al-.**m:a 
Ho-.piiai. Guildford. A oroiher for 
Martin. Boric and Melanie. 
ROBINSON. - Oh 3rd Janup-v. :9Be- 
at St Them as", lo Carsline ■ n-.‘c Lew 
Eecrv and Simon, a dauchier ~ 

iBcr. to- fully. PhUili aoed 85 v ram. widow of 
■nald. a Commander A. A. F. Maclle.h. RN 
i and much loved mother of Philippa 
■ =ge ; Funeral some* lo take pale* ai S? 
-j’ "and Michaels Church. Lewes on Monday 
-.3r.--. January al 1 1 00am followed 
, _. by private cremation. No flower? by 
hiT own recucst but doralMn.* If do- 
rn and M.-ed m Lcva-cs vioorta Hospital 
Leanue of Friend? c o Ceceor 4 Son. 
J3 High SI. Lew OS 475587 
ilb to MCLUCKIE. - On January 3rd 198*. 
ance. a I ><aceftilli al her home after a long 
1 Una's meet courjrousiv borne. Jean 
LLn-*.^,- Man. beloved wife ef Inn. and a 
a son much leved mother cl David. Peter 
I-- »n:a and Nigel, .md grandmoiher of Sara, 
ler ‘or Enu ana Freyo Funeral service at 
Oxford Crematorium. Memorial 
■ 'ool Chapel, on Friday tQlh January at 
.-LVJlT 11. 45pm. Family flow»cm onJJ'. bul 
‘r 5 ** dc nations mav be sent lo the Soelev. 
hier - 0 Fnenvl? > Quaker?). *3 SI Giles. 

Ox: ord 

daughter 'Katte Jape 


DENTCS-HARPaR. The mrrtaie 
look place in Toronie. Onurt? on 
Dec ZCIh 1 5 S5. of Graham, son ef Mr 

■errpcrly of Wrdunhtan. Enaulrln to 
v A Fcrsoy A }»on Ltd. siftleloh. 
GiasicnBury. SoraersoL Tel iOi6Bi 

PASCAL. - On Januan S 1 986. peace- 
I ItcT.y. in Ncniv xbod . -Fantz' . aged 83 
T ear: ”.s taew- ef Poy and much loved 
meiisor and gran dmemer . 

and man v more 
\fro-as:ax traxelltd. 
163 1*6 Reecni St. London t 


Lair - ora-_-p hootanTS wricotnr 
Amat visa -tuner! 












£ Denman Street. Lender. W 1 
Tel 01 A29 3531 8007 


New- York j£Id?c w C260rtn 

L Angeles z ' BO n w LioOrtn 

Torerto £153 a wr EZS-artn 

Ja'burg LZbJ a w £0*5 rm 

Svdnci 3395 a w £670 rtn 

Au-^Jand £403 o w £750 rtn 

Delhi L33CO w C375 rln 

Cairo £ia>3 a w r.3l5rtn 

BanUtpV U-.Oo w £350 rtn 

Tel Aviv £55 o -v £169 rlh 

Many cincr bargains 


and Mn G W. Derlon. of Malvern, j PUGH. - On Januan •*. jopo the Rl 

England, and Margaret, daughter of 
Dr and Mm I. Hamer cl Tc-rontc 
Or semper 37 Ih :?3&. la Falfi. Tim- 
why John Jcnkinson. of Heclhi 
ICwex. i * Rebecca Pn-"tm>n e»f 
wyveltey. near Bath 


5 H.ippv Mb annlvrrjar?- f-r Jsnwsrj 

Leu n Inv -. C 


ETlWAr.T - LLCY3. - On jen.-.,rv 
lh, 1935. ot st John'? Cathedral. 
Heng Keng Rcnold Lmar.-.v Sb-wa.-i 
• U nion of C-nion ■ to Paliin.? 
lie-d now at panning?. FemhurjI. . 

DiAMOlWD wznpirH? 

■aniMrv 7 1 9S8, a; Marjtebenr 

Reql-Jrv Olflee. Georg- Stratlord in 

p^.'S!Rvi" ,-,T, * ! JI H<vvr,ford 


EhiLEV. - on Wcdnewlr-. Jinuar 


fir a Pit hpp’Ed-vtrd PL'gKirc'd' 25 Vcn-SlOP 3 Weckfv 

Brigham Road. Ctvkermoulh. ,\'?o 

Cumbria, helnv M husband ef IN? lai- uinC \PORE 

Freda . Mary. Funeral ?emrc a; AFRICA (East. we??. Sculh) 
Cbristchurrti on 8Ui Januan ai CARIBBE.XN 

I I 30am. Ccmmiual thereafter al Long -established o pert' in 

J-iHi.-lo Cmin.'lorluir at lorn No dive ovtnt have: For b-os: fer-.ieo: 

nowcm tl'-ue dona tiotvi in "refer ■ Canlaet SESTWAYS TSAAEL 

ene- if ae?ired le C of E ChlWmn? t,.i ct-9301992 - ws 

Yocielj-. r o Rev Colin Fuller. Fern 

Bony . Ccc> rnreulh. Cumbria ■ 

B V2,?r J iiiS^5'''u n hin A- LOWEST air for-? Buckingham 

r'Arl.u after n moll lllne??. Pobin de -r--, -i s nr j .-i i n-ji si;?*' r-v. oo.-d 85. Mlirn loved by hi? Tralr ' ABTA a* 8.*8*^ 
wifi and i ami tv Funenl at 3 pm on — ... — ■ ■ . 

Thursday January ?. a i me Surm A 

'SsE* MALAGA, temerife, lahzarote. 
sill 8COB ' 01 -aa , , , , , -Dav rl-v I?*. ATOL t TO 

RUSSELL - On J.inunr? 1. I?f6. 

reaecfiiitv . ihe Honourable Mr? Ro?e- 

par numli. aoed “9 daughter of USA, AFRICA. EUROPE. Genuine 
CaplAin Charles Wtnlour. RN. loving discount fores. C.T C. 01 -*033336. 
m-thcr lo Marie and menlorto P ho« 

of friend?. Cremation private service 

of thanksgiving for her Ilf* and work 

.’1 Si Mary'? Church. Hemrlon. CHEAP FARES worldwide. Pan 

Middtfse*. al a nm on Mondav. 
.'anu.irv IS. 190*. No flower*- but 
donations lo the Woodland Trust 
nu" be vent c o Mine Carden. 
Hms SIC re Coltaac. Hampton Court. 
L»” Molesey. Surrey. 

Unwin of Chariton Abbott? Manor. 
Cloueesierthlrc. HI? famib and 
fn»n<li win pubs h» great prevne- 
»rd vitally. H" wa? buried on 
ts>iurda.v January 4th In L- Chab'c 
with lull Atnfn- hnneur? from hi* 
skiing school of vernier. Ail rriends 
»re invited lo a memorial service lo 
be held In London mlho Spring 

BANKS. - Cn Januan- J. pearefultv. 
at home. ag-<t 76. Kcnreth Ch.irlc?. 
ni raiding, husband of Nona. Funrral 
al Si MJUV S. NclUesIead. al 13 noon 
nn Thursday January 9 Farr.lL 
now-grs only Donallons lo Friends cf 
Kent Church*?. Dimngtan Co nag*. 
The Streel. Mcopham. Kent DA!J 

HARLOW. - On Slh Januan-. at home. 
Sir John Denman Barlow. Em. 
Funeral al SI Oswald.? Church. 
Brer* lor. Sandbarn. cn J.londoy, 

H?nt5. suddenly as a reral! Of an 
arrldeoi. Much loved huroand and 
father Funeral service ai sh peter - ?. 

p.n flowers bv renuest. Donations M 
dettred lo RAF aenevolent Fund. 67 
fo Gland place. London WIN a AH. 

-SHJERo. - Peacefully on Januafv a. 
1"S6. afler bravely nghttng a long 
lline*? Ena Julie, last surviving 

daughter of Ralph and Millie Shier » I SAVE El b f ■ Ck Australia, KZ. 

ana -aster cf Ih- lale Rnsalle. Funeral 
arranged by lire Liberal Jewish Syna- , 
■x«7uc at Colder? Green Crematorium ! 

*Li. la g.P ll ._yg > !! eMla y- -JAhuary 8. low FARES WORLDWIDE. USA. S. 

199*. Flowers lo ihc crematorium. 
SIMPSON - Peacefully at Fraserburgh 
Hospital cn Sunday Januan &ih 

America.. Mid and Far Ease S Africa. 
Tray-. ale. 48 Margaret Street. Hi. 
01 580 2928 (Visa acceded). 

PvT™? - t -11 ..lyngej- - — _ - _ _ UM I ravel V'ltU? iB> t. 

13th January at 3 .5ofn. Family WAIT. - Calharlne KllSIgrew. On 3rd ITS TURKEY TIME1 Ti— ki-vti deltaht 
flower? enlv. donation* for Si Lukes Januan 1986. staler of Eltaabeth w,iSayis^ B6tJ4chuVvrnr»w31 
Ho? pier. Cheshire Emulrltr to Wan oi PecchcrtH, UrchfonL Wilt- T?i.^5gt 'oaM. aTOL^oStT 

Ho?picr. Cheshire E.igulrlc- is wan v?i Beechcrcft. UrchfonL Wlli- 
Gnfnihe.ieL Holme* Charel 5£a37. shi-e. Funeral lath January at 

BARNARD - On January 3rd i :-et. ' A»prn at Urcnfonl Church, 

after a bGrf illness ir. Y.'clllncton. WALKER - on 3 January. In Aidrrnes- 
New- Zealand. Anlhon-- John, lov ed O. Evelyn Deqcry. aged 8E year? I.sle 
husband of FHca and fa’hor irf \ iclrv. of « "Iker A Sorts. Bank House 
Hugh and Richard. Latch* of St Ba-vtry. ever dearest husband of 

Marv's Plat an<l Seven oaks in Kent Joan and father of John and CJiorfe? 

SAF TDM, Huuh Ronald - On January WAL7H - On Januarv- 4 1986. L**lle 
3'h. suddenly al Lange i. beloved Haw>. LLH. 3 CL. Honorary MA of 

unde of Anthony, preal uncle of 
Lilian and Thomas, dear nusbara: el 
Phyl and Nepfaiher of victoria 
Memorial service to be announced 
later. DonaUons if desired to Lie wine 
and SPUIl Trades Benevolent Society. 
8 King? House. Kennc: wharf Lane. 
Upper Thame? Street. EG4. 

3SATTY. - On January 4 l?06. Helen 

Hie University of Salford. Barrlstrr of 
Cray"? Inn nnd ie:ir»d Slip* rail ary 
Magisur.ile. The beloved and loving 
husband of Katharine. Service al SI 
Michael - .' Church. Fusion. Man- 
ctiesl-r at 11.30am an Thursday 
January 9. followrd by cremation. 
All inouirkw to Hopkins Funeral 
Service, tel 061-748 683U . 9310. 

CJresi-r, In the wetiinoion Hospital. WIGHTMAM - On January 3. pcscc- 
London after a long Illness fully 41 Perth Royal Infirmary. Henry 

courageovrtLv borne. Beloved wife of James i Harry i. of Gtenfarg. In hb 

ih* late .Alfred Ch.-sler Beany, adored ? J ih vear. A much loved husband, 

and devoted sister of rmuiund falher and grandfather. Funeral ar- 

MoiTt?. much lov od and rvbsed by all rancemcms private. No flowers 

her larOilY and friend*. Funeral Please 

Thursday January 9. at 12.00 noon, 
al SI John ihe Baptist Church, 

WHiersham. Kent Mcmprlil *jr-l« 

hi London "o hr announced lafer. 

Flowers if desired may be sen! lo me 

7 - 3GcR. - On Jenuar}' ~ at Worming 
Horplial. Diana, dearley loved 
mother & granny. Service al 
W’orUilng Cremalutlum. Flndo.i. on 
Monday January 13 rn 2. 1 5pm 

Hsysf 5*qs* , ?. lil . l i; t WHS3MWG loffro & while King Charles 

liSt n , Cavalier spaniel, answering lo the 

Chalc ™ n Br “ - name of Daisy, last seen in W8 on 

^ Sunday. £9 Dec. Dcsper iielv robeml. 

vO' sn On December 3Jsi 19eB. if seen please ting 01-937 

peacefully at Glehefield? Nursing 8380 8367. Mrs Casey, atnol unty 
Horne. Dray; on. nr Banbury. Mar- anvume. 

S.™!Si SS^avmo CS* ^f l nw? r uu! BONHAMS Modern Art Ciwrws. See 

p?v ov s?™ ■ssswsr ajsrjttz “ u “ a ° n - 1 coiu ^- 

dearly loved and loving mclher of 
Isabelle and Monies, beloved grand - 
molher and great grandmower and 
yovsigest and last surviving child of 
the late Stephen william and Clara I 
Hobday ol Wesl Hacknej - . London. USA XMAS. From £338 return. - 


l_t|NGNER Sadly mKsed. 


USA. CANADA. Rtn fib. NY £269. 
Torwuo £349. Miami £363 LA 
£358. Special o w Sydney £460 & 
others. North American Trav el dub. 
30 Sockvllle St. Wl. 01-734 8100. 
TAKE TIME OFF lo Pan*. Amain dam. 
The Hague. Brussels. Bruges. 
Luxembourg. Genova. Lausanne. 
Berne. Dublin. Boulogne. Dieppe. 
Rouen. Tim* Off ud. 3a Chester 
Close. London. SW1 01-239 BOTO. 
•he lovelier pans or Italy. W ith Magic 
of Italy. 47 Shepherds Buih Green. 
Londcn. WI2 BPS. Tof 01-749 7449 
134 hr FREE brochure mtvicc.'. 
ALGARVE, Vl'ia vna mourn, sips 4 -8. 
amlly or golf hob. Jan-Nov 19S6. 
C5o-35 PP. pw. -061259 6019. 

*SR5*daaEWT*»BK v ’ roi ~- 

father and grandfather. Funeral ar- ^ 

Quite simply the (trigs! Individual 
Luxury VHIas. afl wfth private pool & 
own graunda. Exdusiva Locations. 
"86 colour broclwra. Early tooitlng 

MU AS - Costa del Sol 
VALE do LOBO - Algarve 
IBIZA - Bcloancs 
ffl Blenheim Ten 1 . London. NWS 
Tel: 01-6Z4 882S/20 
(01-958 5206 Sun A Bank Hals) 


Major TravuL Ol -186 9237. IATA. 


Funeral Eucharist al Si Mary's 
Church. SouJdem. nr Blcener. Crxon 
Tuesday. January 7lh 1 9B6 al 
1.16pm. followed by prtvoi* -Tmi. 
align. Family flowers only, but her 
special vrtsn b fnr donation? fa be 
sent to The Churdi Army Homes far 
Lie pderlv. Independent PCL 
Londcn. SE3 9 LG. or be lefl In utc DISCOUNT AIR. Flrrt A business 
Church. fare?, spec ratal, all credit cards. Ol- 

C'AAlcRON JAMES CORDCN - On 630 766 1. Tlx 88 1337. A BT A. 
January 3rd 1936. aged =5 Pcac*- PUY ST VINCENT fFrcneh AU»v from 
ffUy ai HWinolds SaJIron WaWen. £69 mei 'fclUc sSStsilSE 

Funeral service ai Cambridge at* >0633 > 677071 

■ ®w-wSl5«.sa-«B18wr R: 

Irvine Memorial Hospital. Ptllochry. ifUS - 01 - - ATOL. AITO. 

pm December 28. 19Bo. Beloved wife 
of Ihc late C. H. dampness DSO. 

RN. very dear stater of Anne and 
Joyce and a much loved a uni and 
great aupL Cremation look place al 
Perth Crematorium on December 

r:-lZGWlDD*N. - Sir Thomas 
Sydney. C.B.. C.B.O.. Chevalier de la 
Legion D - Honn*ur. On ■vnuarv 4-Ji 
quietly and with great dignity m his 
91sl year afler several yean of Ul- 
mss Much loved father cf Ann and 
slcpfalher of F.’llx and Ursula. For- 
merty of the Ministry of Production 
and laior Chairman c-f the Public 
Servlets Board. Se-ulhem Rhodesia 
mow Zimbabwe.!. Funeral Guildford 
Cramalorlum. 2.30pm January 
lOUi. Flowers lo Gcxrld and 
Chapman- Gras- >hotL Surrey . 

CDF.TIS-E5EKNT7T. - On a January 
1 936 at Osar me Heioe. l.O.w.. Paul 
son of in* late Sir Noel and Ladv 
C-urtta-Senncu and taLlcr of Etwnrd. 

Funeral 3 a'ckKUl Thursday. 9 
January at SI Mildreds. 

WMgplnOham. 1.0. W. Memorial 
service to be announced. 


Th-? f?Mich it Ci-ei On" c JI ! o 
HnL“l3vfa.< ill*- cunDjiPfis^l draruic 
h-jiisc lor dian-imj n*^hi3 id Epdin 
•irjloiliif p'.'pular tesons Tines vou 
nsans t-cokaigs Instant rrsihiRuuon 

"i'.'s's «' v Sfll'4A?'aJ"SS.*4b r ii 




166.000 clients since 1970 
a 'wr rtn 

SYDNEY £392 £641 

PERTH £379 £583 

AUCKLAND £400 £770 

BANGKOK £198 £363 

srvcAPORC £H3i £446a 

BALI £S: a £831 

HOKCKONC. £337 £498 

DELHI BOMBAY £330 £318 

COLOMBO £331 £420 

CAIRO £16Q £385 

NAIROBI £331 £396 

jo-burg £Joet eats 

lima £353 £806 

LOSANCELES £192 £382 

NDVVORK £139 £369 

GENEVA £73 £89 

42-48 E/\RI_y COURT ROAD 
OI-93T 8400 
01-603 18t5 
01-939 5444 





Masalvr slores of wool blended 
Berber? from £3 96 sq yd * VAT 
plus many bargains in room stecs In 
all qualities. 

14 S Wandsworth Bridge Rd 
London SWfi ZUH 
01-731 3368 


OAimSBimT Ml. Prof mid 20"? M -T 
to shore iuperb flat £140 petn «t 
Tel 01-609 6266 afler 7pm. 240 
0619 day. 

BATTERSEA. - M F. own Mmm. 
pa? ch - hmae wiBi aanaen. Near 
tranauart £135 pcm. 01-360 1968 
after 7.1Spm. 

01 RL WANTED lo share twin room in 
ruinous garden nnu Off xims Rd >3 
Others In fmo. £44 gw. Tct 731 6998 
during evening? between 6 & S 

Wen ra t atmii cd Introductory service 
Phase lalephcuw for afl Ol 589 
6491 . 313 Bromaton Rd. SWJ. 

CLAPHAM SOUTH nat share o/r. 
CH. non^mchir. EIIO pcm excl- 
Rlng 676 29B6 levee). 

house. O. r. n- s. 28-30. £40 pw etc! 
893 6198 

WANDSWORTH a r prof M F to 
share let. nr BR Sin. short let £33-50 
pw end. 8707708 after 6. 30 pm. 

N.W.8. F. loe. O "R In Ige nUsrd Use. 
e.b . dose Tube. £140 pcm. end 
MBs. 338 8376 after 6.30. 

CVlGMOftE 87. Wl. Imrucidalr. 
Branl ram ram flat m wefl 
rumuiiKd p b !jW*. PtceP- newly 
mil tun. In® - If hd 474 aO 

appiunc'n. £&60 n«g led cb 6 Uiw. 


W« require jotril? W OwraL Sculn 
& Wca Landcn array for wafton 


TV's fr. £25. v Idem Ir. £99. 91 S.W.10. Own room, kllchcnette* roof 

LOW, cr SI pane SI . 3W 1 . 730 0933. 

SET OF 8 i*+2> Ylclortan mahogany 
Oiipoeodaie . style dining chairs. 
£3.600 01-7BS7IH4. 


O. w- RelurtI 

Svuncy 4‘1S5 

Auckland £480 £774 

BaSokol: L205 £330 

. £364 £470 

Los Ansdrs , EI77 ^360 

131 Earl? Court Road. SWB 
Phone:01-370 6333 

Tradiiloiul farmhouses, cate?, vil- 
la?. many with pools. All the best 
rural & coastal areas. Family run 
company with 13 years experience. 

Bow-hill Collages 

Sw-anmorv SouBiuhslan 

04 S 9-878567 


From, flta £89— Hota £1 T9 
Miles of sandy beaches. Super 
Clioira Hotels wUtt Pools: RKUno: 
□uiclno: BBQb. Free Icrinl*. 

FLIGHT BUSTERS lAlol 1 9331 

TeU 01-441 0122 (24 hn) 


NeireM. .’oTKira. Cairo. Dubnl. L«- 
lanbul. SLsgapoi-e. K. L.. Delhi. 
Siingkak. Honp Kong. Sydney. 
Europe 3- Ihc Americas, riamloc 
Travel. 3 New Quebec St. MarMC 
Arch. Lendan wi H TDD. 

01-402 9217/18/14. 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00. 

wl. attrar hold?. BAB. Alhena 

I err m hot luo tor F. N. S. £88 p.w. 
tncl. 361 4662. 

NR. H1BHOATC pro! F 36* share mod 
flDL O R. £160 pm. Share Mils. Day 
964 B614. eves 363 7737 

SW1 1 - o r family home. 6 mlnuies 
CUsham Junction. £180 pcm 01-223 

NWS Parliament Htif Field*, prof r 
share lux ftaL cJi. cot tv £390 ocm 
Inc. 483 2788. 


Spacious ^mlly.nruse In gwd 
resKlenllaJ area. * dhlc. Bedrtns.. 
3 sgte. bedrms.. 2 balhrma. 1 
clkrm.. l large fceep. Available 
now for long leL Com wry lei 
only £400 per week. 

Kensington Ottics: 
01-337 724 4 



a n tmnurculaie. ""J* 

wiih 4 iwOO. pBIibii 5b’? 1 ? 

ra£n. mwv fully - 
baihrocm. cieanrobt"- L-35 pw- 

Superb, i oedroomed Flat w 'lt- 1 
Srar. elcgorU slOT« -r «^ - 


01-486 5991 


Botftord CWns. WS. Si 

modern 1st floor Flat, m orcedeni 

dec order Large rec ept. cn-° 
balcony siudv. dauwe bedrown. 
mod Ml and oath. garS9e. POT-er. 

£3QOp w.6 mira*. 
K n a fh gtuw Park _Bd, **11. 
Modem 6lh flew FlaL i n w rJ 
secured block. 2 ON* been. receoL 
mod m * hath. Horace aecm 'o 
CdXH £! 80 pv». 6mlha*. 

229 9968 

SWT Luaurious fully serviced S C 1 HOLIDAY FLATS SERVICES. Pick 

Rd. SW3. 684 BOI2. 

DULWICH. Lpe dMe rm. ch house. 2 
prof .'couple. £164 pcm pp. 5 mini 
kin. 693 6986. Tina.- Helen. 

PROF GIRL, share luxury Baliuica 
Mansion FlaL o/r. £160 pcm. - 380 

PROF 23. HI. seeks, o r. nr dot circle 
n'tbem line. Up to C36 pw Incl. 481 
3347 after 6 pm. 

W2 LUX FLAT - o/r. £61 pw. BU foes. 

View over park. Prof m. n-s. ref*. 

402 1704/262 3803. 

f. o rlnhe mixod flat. £183 pcm ' 

IncL 632 3331 after 6 P-m. 

SW18. l diner n s. share hsc £teo 
tun 0£CL Tel: 736 6030 alter 6 3C 

BATTERSEA- Prof M. F non-smoker, 
share attractive hie. dose amenities. 

£300 pcm Lid OI -323661 6vall6pirt. 

SWT 7. Prof m ■ f to share 1 -j-j house. : 

other, al! mod cons. £50 pw. 76. - ... 

4786 A eve* 870 

BELGRAVIA luxury apartment, suit AMERICAN 
profbsaJonal lady, non amoler £100 luxury flal 

pw. 2364648. “ « Lkual 

bedrm nai. Fulls - nwed. Juvt com 
pletefy redecDrajed Include? -snail 
garden. TV. daily maid service, linen. 
Si. llqhbi. not v-alcr etc. Statable for 
profcsalanal mole £170 pw- one av- 
ailable Januarv 14 for 3- 12 monlhz. 
Tei. anvtime • private nci 834 4874. 

and choose from l-6?lar apt*, central 
London. Immcdlat c • advance reser- 
vauons. - Tel: 955 2412. 

HURUMHAM nawly refurb »w 
family 3 '4 bed house 2 bads, walled 
garden. £380 pw. ConLacl Luxury 
Living 01 S39 9235. 





Lcttsng & , 

01-351 7767 

W11. Stunning 2 floor flat, tn period 
hsa. 3 receps. 2 bedrms. 2 baths, 
study Original frafures. prrvat? 

mrden. CC.H. £276 p w. Ot 329 SW1. Altracilv-e balcony flaL modtn-n 
<320. lumtahina. recep. 1 bed. Ml. bath. 

balconk. poor? dorm, all raailPd. 

“ “ — £1T5 pw. Coates. 828 8251. 


Haalhrow lube * bus. very quirt* 

well furnished flqr. 3 double US CORPORATION M«k> furmahed 

(CENSWffICMf VcY sreny f3». a«an 
rm? j u? ~ca. Coen 3 

4:. WL3 saw. sc/w : w* a*cor. us 


BATTERSEA. Cvrawig ts s ^ 

f.jjmc* r. -sCM. 

fflfiHGAT* 1 c=fi rsfim jp. Otaa uu. 

.Tt*a. ^ flu. temy am. 


01-499 5334 

;330p»». Birch A- CP-754 745a. 

HOLLAND PARK. Modop hour* 

4 bed*. 2 reception?. Ir & 2b. cmm 
ga>3 £340 p w. BUTh * CoTtS 

house* in aH areas. Hunter* rsv 

_ properties In Can! A SW Lon ion 

room. Wichcn. balhrocns 3 x *c. areas. £18O-£8O0pw Cabbon Ai 

telephone. CH. £250 pw Tel. 01 -960 Gascleq <£staie Autti. 01-589 64fll . J LUXURY FLATS. Short .long 1-t, 

S436. AMERICAN SPECIALISTS, we arrl Enharied Properta 6290301 

ST JOHNS WOOD. 600 yd? American , cuiTrnriv seeking good quality rental! 
school In London. Immac cond L accom. Ui Central London for waicng 
unfUTTL 5 bed?. Zdbte A.1 sngl. buUb company tenants. 383 4000 iTi. 

In w.vrdrooc*. bail, cn; m. »bh wc MOB Mi 4000 Tt«e 

WBP 5? 499*2910 nulSS?r to^mSSwr wImmhm 

1 " '!«■ rental properties m Central la 

A f ^ CTg7 ° 763 , P . m .,rr SW London. £160p.«. -£200p v.. ,T1 

AMERICAN EXEkUTTVES Ktk BBLfiftAVlA. Substantial 4 two. 2 
I incur*' -Tali or hcuscs i» M «W fuTsSSrb 1*^00. 

LUXURY Batahare. o r. cn. £180 pcm 
■excli. Tel: 01-878 0699 afl nr 7 pm. 
ST JOHN'S WOOD. Share lux Flat. 
£60 pw Inc. - 289 6663. 




R^:n rfpfrk'iffk soli's? 35. C | SW1 BrWht warn 1 bec pado ng. 

R^geni1Parkof:lce723 5:35. SW1. . Hrwilt warm 1 pec pino uav. 

CHELSEA 2nd' 3rd floor maaonrrfe CH ‘hW°|S , 235«)60 1 to* ^93^ 
w.lh private roof ten-. dMe. recep. 6060 

r-mro 'urn. kU -blast rm. all B34 3639eves- 

applUnces. 2 bed?- with bulJI-ln RUCK & RUCK. 581 1741 Qcality 
werdrobes. baih. £200 pw. 493 2091 fum A unfurn preperttn In prime 
IV eves 970 4703 -T' centra! areas urgently required <k 

CLOSE REGENTS PARK 3 sunny *v«W 2175- ElZO 1 ? p--». 
spacious flats, ill 1 bed. recep. I KENSINGTON, WS- - Spacious 

kitchen dinar. £110 pw -21 1 2 bed. 
recep. balcony £ 1 30 pw. |3< 3 beds, 
large recep. 2 balconies. £165 pw. , 
624 1628 


wim some S tl Must be sports en- » 

thuatost who's one lump ahead and j LANPL ORPS- H lgh 

enlovs b winning abnoaMierrt 1 In Jvjitghlsbrldge. .. Kenstnglon anC 

maisonette with garden furn ished 
company let for 1 jear. £200 £> vv 
244 9826. 

£149. Malta L 169. Cyprus £349. j WANTED. 


and watercolour? sought by avid 
collector. Highest prices. Bos 2607R 
The Times. 

WANTED Inlaid Victorian and 
Ejdw-ardlan furniture pedestal drsJ-v: 
dlnin tables and bookcases. Ol -64 1 
1 848 anytime m. 

enloya a winning at n wat w ieret 
£8.000. Coven! Garden Bureau. I lO 
Fleet Street. EG4. 363 7696. 

634 1638 AMERICAN BANK urpena?- natures ■ 

U1DLOKDS. High guahtj- property seleccon cf J -4 bedroom properties in 
In KnlghUbrlclqe. Kensington and Belgravia. Chelsea. Knlqtrtsbrldge. 
Chelsea, urgently required to let Icr £20D£600pw. Burgess. 58: 5136. 

tS 1 ni’os'fpffii' ' HK>Ty 4 Jwn ' a> RENTING OR LETTING a flal or house 
Tei. Pi -2388861. tn central SW. SE London from 

:986 with a flrrJ-cUss lob at a lop 
London Co through Govern Carc-n 
Bureau. 110 Fleet Street. EC4. 353 

Malaga £]79. Morocco £l?°. Pan 
wand Holidays. 01-734 :oe>2. 

TENERIFE. Jan -Feb Inrl hols. 
Excellcnr hoteL from £172 p wL 
Superb beach apis from £50 pp o »k. 
Flights from £96 tad. Ol -247 1 982. 

LOW COST FUGHTS. Most European 
d-dnuitciu. Cad Vak-xandcr Ol -102 
0082. ABTA ATOL I960. 

Marathon iBoih male and female 1 . 
Tel- 0908 61 2281 

RUGBY England Woles scab wanted. 


. — . 1 1/1 central aw. sl loiuwi rrocn 

W HAMPSTEAD. Atlrachve conv. | £t00-£400 pw. Short or long term 

roof terrace. 2 able beds, open pLui. 1 lets HLTLctUng Agents 627 01? t. 

f^AeTc^biii? I HYDE PARK ML W* 1. 2 bed fully 
pw j_o lei only. Greene A Co. 01 -625 . caoo p.w TJ».M. 01- 

S'-' 1 1 • J 446 2015. 

S ?mJS.iE l if(5^na e V W - 1 CLOSE TO BAKER ST. Saadous 

fully turn 2,3 bed flat CJt £■- TC 

flat, unfurnished. 2 ree-ps. 3 bedrms. 

I Kii & bath, gge kept garden. £356 

pcm. C2 404 2148 

SW7. - Charming ? lacing balcony 

ALWAYS FORGETTING that and Desipnen. Permanent 
appotatmcnL birthday. tHU palTrteru. temporary posluans. A MSA Bpedal- 
ctc. Contact The Reminder Service >su Agency Ol -734 053S. 

01-727 7029 

FbSHF.a ivninni irnnss s i F media. Govern Carden Bureau. 1.0 

Ushers where your S. H skills and 

organisational success win be 2D- ... 

predated at top level. £ plus. 385 B 826 flats or university £ British Museum. 

Gov ern Gordon Bureau. HO Fleet cun „ w Helen Watson * CO. 580 6275 


scrarrsBica uio CH'p beds, drawtrw rm. Ut & 2 Oaths. awnpanles. profes^onois A students. 

BECHET ARIES FOR AR CHIT ECTS £450 p.w. Inc healtad- 352 5841 £Ti. All areas. bUltag 933 1846 -931 9 

JSnporaryTtefUoris A ^ISABpedial- URGENTLY REQUIRED t« ctasa Half FULHAM, SWB. .OJnuisl new_2 bed 
tn« Agency 01 -734 n*v?? * houses In Central London for Ideal flal wtlh garag e. Co let £1 < 5 pw 

corporate tenanls Long short led. Buchanans. 351 7T67 

flat o lOOkS Gdn &d Obkr bed. 15c. 

p w. T M. Ol -4J6 2025. 

CHELSEA. - AXtrartfve 1 dbte bed SoL 
Siutng rm. ku and both. ch. rorter. 
£ l20pw.CoM. J.CH. B28004O 

kib CH - CHW. tennis. £220 pvv . 01 • ACADEMICS VlSITtNO. Fumuhed 
385 B826. flats or university £ British Museum. 

SW7. 2 s! leaning flats 2 dbte beds. . H?l*n Wauon A CP. S8Q627S 

corporate lenanis Long 
Samuel & Co. 736 30QC. 

FT8HE8 INTRODUCTIONS S.A.E. C SiS n i ‘v'XSg* B urMU - 1 

14 Bcauchr-rnp PI. SW3. 01-267 Fled SL EC4. 383 7696. 

THE AIR TRAVEL ADVISORY Bn- j s m P ^n’vV ADVERTISING SECS. We're the t»c« One rail veep* the air fare | "SSEfS.-S; media Govern Carden Buroau. HO 

PUTNEY, near the river Spacious 3 
WS. Superb 2 bed maisonette newly I S?3. t *g“y-- r f° 4200 

dec A fum. l recep. fufl:/ ill Ml. : o I MKlWMnA -«I T767 
bafhs. HR. porter aaraqe £2T5pw. 1 QUALITY 2 bed ftaL Hwrgate. £235 

AUen Bates & Co 499 1 665 

pw ComanbidW 340 8273 

GJI press. 01 a.59 2944. 

un! DISCOUNTS isi reonam:-. Tn- in 
tail Fllghlbooker?. O l- 387 9100. 

TUNISIA for lhat perfect halldas with 
junnv day? 4 carefree nwhis. ’d-al 
for Jan r<b. Call Tunisian Travel 
Bureau. Ol -373441 1 . 

small. Ql-636 5000 or Manv healer 
1O6H 832 2000. 

LATIN AMERICA. Low cost I1lahr« e c. 
RID £SOA. Lima £475 cm. A Ho small 
grown holiday tourneys. JLA 01-747 

the expert*. Low fan-r. 5. America, 
an dcstinatton? incl Cmf a in Class. 
Sunair 01-629 1 130. 



Cheap. ia« minute holiday*, book 
on Thursday 9 or Friday 10 Jan St 
picv uo vour llcliet? there 4, Ihcn. 
Choi els £1 19-£U?9. Self CBlCrtnp 

Dateline, all ages, areas. Dateline. 
Debt -.7ST' 23 Abingdon Road. 
London W9. Tel 01-938 101 1. 
CALIBRE CVp. Professionally wrlllen 
and produced cumcunim vllae 
dpruments-. Donuts. 01-680 £959 


Terrier puppies Kennel Club regis- 
tered. Fully innocuiated. 12 wlo old. 
“Undocked Salts". £173 Tel 262 


wtdolv travelled, speaks 5 language*. 

Fteet SL EC4 . 353 7696 
WEST END Art Gallery leeks com- 
pletely bl- lingual German ' English 
secretary. Box 2264 W The Times. 


ENTERTAINMENTS also on page 31 


EXCmNQLY SUSYI Experienced 
WP£H. Audio * Copy People VAUDEVILLE 336 94P 7.-564 £. CC 

rwwded now for our firs ctaa? 
bookings In London's lop name com- 
panies. Coveni Carden Bureau. 11Q 
Fteet Street. EC4 353 7696. 

Flrtl Call 240 7200 <34 hrsi 


ACADEMY 1. 437 2981. REUBEN, 
REUBEN H 5101 2 30 ■ not Sunt. « 30. 
6 40 i 8 60. 

ACADEMY 2- 437 5129 ItetaJ 
out? to ndl ugly bcaunfol FORGET 
VENICE' 1 8i Progs 2.00. A10. 6-20. 
3.35. Sunal 4.10.6J2Q. 8.36 _ 

ACADEMY 3. 437 8819 THE 

*C). Progs 4.00. 6.10. S 20. 



business connection*, seeks suitable I NOTICE is hereby given, pursuant to 
opportunity. 01-452 £678. 1 — *— 


Noel Coward's 


Pf*' tew? from 17 Jan Open* 30 .tan CHELSEA CINEMA 381 3742 Kings __ . 

at 7 OO. Eves 7 30. Wed mat 2.30 1 Road inearn: Tube Slouno Soi OOBON MARBLE ARCH (723 201 1 j 
Sals 5.00 & 8 is rtsou-myi A m A 2 Wan otygf Picur a preseius THE 

6.20. 8.46. Seats Bookable for last Doors openDafly 2.00. 5.00. 7.46. 
eveperf. Rcduoed prices for under 16?. 

father Funeral service at si peter ?. » ,.7. , ,7™- 

A MUN^. ptm5S°W? A ^ 

4641 A Horsham 68541 Aeon? 
ATOL 1783. 

FLY FR £46 MALAGA. Alicante. 
Canaries. Germany. Portugal. Italy. 
Swta.. Spain. Morocco * cer hire. 
Sun wheel 01-534 4326. 

L'SA. Canada. Far EasL Airiest * 
Worldwide. 01-370 6177. Pound . 
Saver Travel. 

OR^ -- nf° ROME £97. Milan £77. Fisa £103. 

roalloiirdi ^ NaOonal N enter £102. Naples £107. Phone 

COMboard'. aao Travel ci-629 2677. 

Gail in person ah 


86-58 Puinsy HI ah Slr"et 
London 8W| 5 15F 
i-ntranc? tn FHsham Rmii 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 


Staffed Chaleu 1 1 A 18 Jen. 

Self drive; 1 wk £UW D.p. 

2 wks£I95p.p. 

Inc. nights- - 1 wk £.169 p.p. 

2 whs £269 p.p. 

Cordon Bleu food A free wine. 

0223-511113124 hrsi 


Save £46 on s c apL*. 

01 -5*4 5060 

* * * 

Chalet standby £125! 



5rd person to share ttdri. flal close 

S ijbe. N S. G H £46 p w. ncy. 673-’ 
■191.767 1975 m. 

London Irom £3C0 «w Ring Town 
House AptaDl -373 34-35. 


Kens In <71 on. Col TV, 24 hr SWbd. 

I flex. Contngham Apts, 373 6506. 


elegant country- residential ‘ conva- 
lesceni home In Kotii. lsl clava sell- 
contained flal available, no objections 
10 husband who follow* own occu- 
pation. Telephone Fordcombe 

offers M hdps. Dorns, all llre-ln 
sinff. UK A Ov erseas. Au Pair 


the largess genuine selection of now 
and restored pianos la Southern Eng- 
land. Free catalogue. 30a Highgaie 
Rd. NWS. 01-267 7671. 

rccondlUaned. Quality al reasonable 
prices. 326 Brighton Road. S. 
Croydon. Ol -688 551 3. 

UPRIGHT PIANO reconditioned with 
si«M frame. £500. Excellent con- 
dJUon. 794 7641. 


Section 588 or ihe Companies Act. 
1986. that a Meeting ol Creditors of the 
above-named company win be ncid at 
10.30 am on 10 January, i 98b. at The 
Main Committee Room. Roiai Auio- 
mobile Club. 89 Pall MalL London. 

Evening 7. 30. Maw Sat only 2.46 




z& xbul i iii 

t^te^S^n&WoE IhTsSteArtJ" Ton ’“ - *1 * 

Dated this 23rd day of December. 6pm. Thur. FRI. Mon 2pm A 6pm. 

By Order of the Board. 





Gudeon. LIS lawyer. 17 Bill strode 
StrccL London Wl. 01-486 OBI 3. 



l *:Me ' r.r-l TF1 


EXTENDED by t week - ends 18 Jan. 

YOUNG VIC 923 6363. TIJ Jan 25. 
Eves 7.30. Wed 6 Fn >lais 2pm 
Arthur I aatar-s THE CRUCIBLE. 
"NaU-toitbigty vital. thoamr. FT 
’TMBiiBhr. rfnpnghr ofive - 
C. Limit?. Among Bw boot Oilnos 
thav hm dono , D.Tci. CC 379 


CAMDEN PLAZA 485 2443 >Opp 
Camden Town _Tubei Peter 
Cnoiuvavl A ZED Bt TWO 
NOUGHTS tlE). Film at 1.45. 4.00. 
6JI0. 8-45. 


Doors open DaOy 2.00. 0.00. 7.46. 
Reduced prtos for under 16v 
Student card neMora. UB40 noMnrs. 

3694. Th* Powcg/Ptmbragn 
TechRtcolor Masterpiece "SLACK 
NARCISSUS- CPOf Superb new 
print 2.34. 4.80. 7.00. 9.00. Seal* 

SCREEN ON BAKER ST. 935 2772 . 
ill T he Powell, Prenbirgrr 

^OhKkri^fu, " 

go o, 7 ja 


2 . 45 . 4 . 40 . 6 . 65 . 8 60 Ftt/Sol 11 . 15 . 


226 3420 

Dolby Slerro. t .40. 3.55. 6-50. 8.48 


2 53 4.00 <L£0 900. Saab bookable. 

or 01-278 9161 


Chalet Parlte?: £139 
ScUnlntT'E £99 

Tel: 0l- 7 85 2:00 

SKI HOLIDAYS from £59 

From Manchester A GarwlcK 
Holds 6 Apartment*. 

Free Video St free exerctee leaflet 
01-741 4686- 061-236 0019 

SKI BONNE HE13E offer catered 
Chalets in Morlbet A Courchevel 
from ClOOh-h 1 Wk. £160 2 whn 
Lnd travel, great food. unTId wine 
& extensive guiding Book now. 
ring Ol “33 2333 i officer. 01-737 
3861 124 hrsi. 


lint qualm- decaffeinated tea. Send 
ter details to Si James'* Teas Ltd. 
Dept T. Sb- John Lyon House. Upper 
Thames SL London. EC4V 3PA. 



LEARN TO. COOK on our certiflcale 
course. 11 weeks atari lug January 
13. Brochure: Ewert Place School of 
Cookery. I. Ewert Place. Oxford 
0X2 7XD Tel: 514719 
BONHAMS 10 wk full Otoe Lectures 
on 20th e Vteiuti Art* Starts 13lh 
Jon. Apoty Principal 8B4 0667. 

informaUon. Mephone John Hall. Ol- 
684 7355. 





*^4 ChtiicM'of Holiday, 

■ Poll Trail Riding. ■ Improve Your Riding, 
■learn to Ride. •Horse Drawn Caravan. 
East CasAe. Stanley, Co. Durham 
Tel: (02071 235354^30355 

also on page 29 


Small, fnandly law firm with smart Mayfair offices requires 
two secretaries: 

First Class Secretary 

Rjf partner doalmg pftnapaJty with 
compwiy/ oomnqnnroa l taw. 

Shorttnnd and knowledge of IBM 
chsplaywriter an advantage. Age £7-40. 

Word Processor Operator 

To work mainly with busy 
conveyancing team. RexUXe hours - 
posslMy part Ume. 

ExceHciit salaries solb. 

Please Tel Helen Ha slam on 01 491 4729. Or write to 
5 Balfour Place, Mount St, London W1Y 5RQ. 


AWwych Sottdtors with Intematinal practice require intafligent 
capable personal secretaries to do challenging work for busy 

Fnencfly onfce. Top salary plus attractive benefits inchufing ppp 
and season ticket loan scheme. 

Training on Olivetti word processing equipment can be given. 
Shorthand and legal experience helpful but not essential. 

Cafl Vicki Heynckla on 
01 242 6531 


Q>nie and choose a beautiful bargain 
from our vast collection of Persian 
and Oriental, old and new carpets. 

Open all week! fj \ "T 

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-IT-tSPiccarlilk Lottdun Wl. VE'lI lit 

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Over 1-3 miCkm of tire racsf 
afSaecl people in the conn&y read 
ihecUtsd coiomns ofTbeTimes. 

■ The fc£kmcg calegories ^ipesr 
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eraDy accompanied by reteYanl 
edttois! articles. 

Usetke coupon (right), and find 
out bow easy, fast sad eccnsa&sl 
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MONDAY Education: UnNeisity 
Appointments, Prep. & Public School 
Appo in tmenK, Educational Courses, 
Scho tare hips & FeDowships. 

TUESDAY Compofer Horizons: a 
comprehensive guide to ihe 
computer mariceL 
Legal Appointments: Solicitors, 
Commercial Lawyers. Legal Officers, 
Private & Public practice. 

WEDNESDAY La Crams de la 
Criase: SecretariaJ/PA appointments 
over £7,500. General secretarial 
Property: ResidentiaL Commercial. 
Town & Country, Overseas, Rentals. 

THURSDAY General Appoint - 
[sects: Chief Executives. Managing 
Directors. Directors, Sales and Market- 
ing Executives, Public, Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. Including a 


new classification entitled Financial 
asd Accosatancy Appohdraents. 

FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 
bu> , ere 1 guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Business to Business: 

Selling properly, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and huge 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas Havel: 
Holidays abroad. Lew cost Rights, 
Cruises. Car hire. UJC. Travel: Hotels, 
Cottages, Holiday lets, 



THE *583* TIMES 



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Rates are Lineage £4 per line (nua 3 lines). Boxed Display £23 per single 
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Sew! lot The Times. Shiriey Mugalh. QatiM 
Adrertisemeat Manager; Times Newspapers Ltd, Freepost. lamioaiVCiaiKL 



TELEPHONE t Daytime) . 


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M# BrMtftfMtTImfr wfth Franfc- 

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8 and 8^5; roaionaJ news, 

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7J2, fee Junior Advice' fine,' ' 
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. • . Chrtstan.ThB^88tfe^|efWi 

93 Csefta. TOJO Pkv School (iV 
10.50 Caefex. ' 

123 News Alter Neon wWi RkflianT 
■ Whitmore and Francos • ■- • • 
Coverdale, tndu<ftig.nows • • 
heacfltaes with subtitles. 12L65 
Regtona] news and weather. ; 
13 PebSieMJfl at One. Magnus 
Magnusson. PaulCoia and v. 
Marion Foster pay a visit to the 

Boat Show; and Jan Beaney 

• nflis-ns with anew sariw on ' 

: ‘ creative embroidery: i X5 

2.00 Hib Goods KHchan. The first 
of anew series of ten 

• programmes In which Sbiriay 
Goode watches the pennies 
but Stiff produces wholesome ' 
meab. 2,15 The Parent 
Programme-How tocope with 
pra-sghpof children. Presented 
. -t>yFraitds WPeon and Miriam 
O'ReiBy. 23 Ccefex. 152 
Regional news. * 

3-55 Postman Pet (r).*.lO J&nbb 
and the Jet Set. For the very. 

. young. 415 George's 
Manieflbos Nwfeftw. RHc ■ 
MayaB reads part two of Roald 
Dahl's tale. 426 Banmaman. 
The first of a new aeries.' . 

43 A Day In ttia UAL A drama 4 
. about what It is Oka to tM a ■ 
weasel. With the voice of =' 
Hywel Bennett as the weasBC . 

5.00 s John Craven's NvwarouncL ... 
5.10 Grange HBL* Episode one of a 

. new 24-part drama series - 
. about the pupils and staff of 
the notorious secondary 
.comprehensive (PMfax). 

53 Fax! the first of 15 

OdtSe. Wendy LeovesJey and : 
Bffly Butter, designed to give 
the answer to any question - 
asked by viewers. 

6.00 News iiw» Sue Lawiey and - 
Andrew Harvey, Weather. ; 

63 London Phis.' 

73. HdBday 88, introduced by COff 
' Miehelmora. A new aeries 
begins with reports from John 
. Carter Jn -China; Tom Savage 
wtth a group of Concorde 
travefisra for Christmas lunch 
to the Arctic Cirde; and from 
. £81 Buckley spending a week 
cleaning a cathedral. 

73 EaatEndets. Denis offered 
' another consignment of toss 
-than legal merchandise v^ae ' 
-Angle rats a heart to heart With 
_ daughter.Sharon (Caefa x). 

8.00 Hold tfwBacAPagel ken is 

, *0.7 

. i-i 

•-i cjrr. 


*• -t- 5, 

u mu< r v 


- - : ■ 


young tody protefetonal golfer, 
on hardwwirmiglR a 
mobBe home she won in an 
. bote in ooe competitfon. He . 
decides she ip newsworthy blit 
his arcfr rivat Stave Stevens, ' 
sees a afferent angle to the 
story from the one Ken Is ■” 
flofng to write (Ceefax). - 
8-50 Potato of Visw with Bany Took. 
9.00 News with JuSa SomervOe . 

andJohn Humphry*. Waatfiar- 
93 Cajpiey and Lacey. The two . 
New York policewomen resort 
to dirty tricks in order to j : .-.v 
rapture a drugs deateKCeefax) 

10.15 Fanj 86 with Barry Norman. ’ 
Amongihe.flhwTBVtewBd tfite - 
Week are Best Defence. 

starring Dudley Moore, and A 
ChorusUne, Sirftldwd - 
Attenborough’s version of the 

hit stage musical, 

10-45 tofNng But the Beet Part one 
of an eight-programme . . 
parents' guide to secondary - - 
education, beginning with 
Choosing a School (sse 

11.10 The Rock GospelSbow with 
. - ,, Shetfa Walsh. Among the 

* ; I £Ku-’ guestste DpnPrariciaco (i^. ‘ 


8.15 Good Morning Britain % , 

- . i- presented bir Anoe Diamond ‘ 
andWatmaw Ktfty; News with 
' ' Gordon Homycombe at 5.17, 
S3, 73 73 13,83 and 
1 93;: exercises at 63; sport 

, : at 63 and7J4* regional ■ 

report at 7.15; cartoon at 7J4; 

the Tuesday 
film/evtew at 8.45; and a 
discussion qn "te . Tv violence 
.badftrbhJkfren?" at9J!4 


; M5 Themes nm hewfifaiea; 

■ -MO Fpr.actiOQlr insight- for deaf 

- cHatke o.93CreatiTOi«ntf 
iteTttthatfiviBJn'dssttk; ' 

.. . -103 HoWtosptlng dean a; 

house. HL2SGerrnan ' 

V r. , conversaflon. 10.48 WhaUs : 

• politics? 113 Dinosaurs ahd 
. thefrenvtrotwrBtot.llJ? 

■ Homes for humans^ertmate 
i-. ■ andptants-llJUPBrfoneof 

. the Mstdrical dramsC The Sea : 
Green Mai; by Peter Carter. 
123 Button Morn. Puppet 
- adventures otthe Spoon 
: . 1anVly.12.10ilatabow, 

. . Learning with puppets and : 
guest Adrian Hadley |r). 123 
TheSufflvans. . 

. 1.00 Nflw etQiie.'wilh Leonard 
•1 Paridb.13.T1tBiitesnews 

• preaentad.byRobfnHouston, 
;.13Sti|fte Oh Harvey. Moon. 

•" Fortes drama swiai about a 
-newfydeniobed Londoner,- •; • 

• Harvey Moon; and Ms efforts 

: to adapt to civfltenltfe. Starring 
. Kenneth Cranham (r). 

23 Daythna- Sarah Kennedy 
' : chairs e tflBcusslon oh whether 

or rot travefflng broadens the 
: . mind. With Alan Wdcker and 
..*• Eric fdwMjy among the guests. 
3 3 That’s Wy Dog. Quiz 
;'* * gamefor dogs indlhelr 

owners. Presented by Derek' 
Hobson. 33 Thames news 
.heacffiiifls.'33 The Young . 
Doctohk Medcal drama serial 
^vseUnatoroe,Australiandty -. 

...: hO^tali 

43 . Button Moon. A repeat of the 
. .. ...programme shown at noon. 
410 The TeWaigs come to 
the aid of e pdp.conwt 420 
.The Wlndin the WBloWs. Who 
" r -wW tafce the photograph' of . 

- .. Toad to hang on the wall of . 

: : ^ Toad Hpfl? {0rads).445 

Splash. The prograaime with ' 

; the opntont daddetf;bylhe 
; viewers. - 

5.15 ' Bloolcbustefs.- Another round 
. ' 'jofthagenerer knowledge 
--gnhe tortsertegsm,- presented 
. by Bob Hotness. . 

5a 45 Nmrs’wbh Martyn Lewis. 63 
Thames news. " J 
63 Reporting ijondon preserted 
. . by Wchael BarratL Graham ' 

. . .. rAddteott bivastigafes what has 
happened to ihe'£3mliHoh ' 

. . provided by the government 
/ , Coventry to develop anew . 

, - . London taxi that was due bn 
-toe road four years ago. Phis, ■ 
Jackie Spreckley fotews two 
woman on an sight week •. 
assertion training courseJ • • 
7.00 fn u rwnMtFMTii. Alan ; 

Turner's J^uiet suenlpg-with. . 

• . MrsBates Is mreatenedb'y 
■ Seth Armstrong. ' , 

73 Busman's HoBcbqr. JuBeri . . 
.v' r ' PetBferjjreaernra new aeries 
'• of the teanrqulz tor travel 
prizes (Onicia). . 
jtiOQ Fffire YouOnfyJLIve Twice 
' -,(l37);Btwring Sean.Coniwy 
' as James Bond; tMs time 
: search/ngtor the person 
maponsJbJe for launching 
inte r ceptor rockets that are , 
destroying both Russian and 
.. United States spacecraft. - - 
Directed by Lewis Gilbert. 

103 News wfth Alastair Bumet and ’ 
Sandy Gall. Weather followed 
by Tranks news beadDned. 
103 First Tueadey; Hi ttw Line of 
Duty investigates why „ 
-.senricemen are denied the 
same Tight as dvfilans in the 
~ eyes bf the faw. The Valley Is 
. about a group of young people 
who have toft behind urban . 
societyin order to get back to 
nature to a Webti valley; .- 
113 Snooker; A quarterfinal mafato 
-in tea -Mercantile Credit 
Class ic, Introduced by Dldde - 
Davies from Ttia Spectrum 
Arana; Wanlngton. 

1i15 Night Thourfita from the. • _ 
Bishop of tsktester. 

^ Easter said than 

. . , .. 

v ; . 

• .• • V-' - 

l V* 

• v*-;. 

v® uvnu. ivcuiufi a Monster continues to 
m lurcftihrougli the memory. But 

— * “ — The 

rT .jjr • 

Robert Symesand fiendish 
Mend; BBC2, 73pm 

-Symes is quite right, of course. ' 

I old horror movie Dears about as 
‘ much resemtifasnee to Mary Shelley’s 
.novel os rum-flavouring does to the 
genuine liquid gold. Symbs's aim, 
which he acoompBshes with so much 
gusto that he almost conceals the 
met that he has not actuaflycome up. 
with anything startlingly new, is to 
shed light (medical more than 
Rtirary) on the origins of the travel 
ahd on the circumstances of its 
penning, inevitably, the ghost-story 
contest at Vlfia Dtodafi gets much 
coverage. Symes categorizes the 
get-together as a bunch of upper- 
class nipples. Jane Dunn, Mary 
Shefiey s biographer, prefers to see 

week at CKodati as an 
undergraduate discussion. Both are 
more or less true. 

(BBC 1, 1 0.45pm) recommends itself 
to us as a ground-level view of 
secondary education. A consumers' 
guide, then, and as such, I can 
recommend it to parents and, 
through them, to anyone between 1 1 
and 18 wondering where to go and 
which route to take. Director Barry 
Tomafln takes tonight's opening ram 
are seven more to come) at a 
old Dck, but you wiH be surprised 
how much useful information you 
can painlessly absorb about how 
much say parents actually have In 
the choice of schools under the 1 980 
and 1981 Education Acts, i Rke the 
authoritative, concerned and friendly 
way Beverly Anderson “fronts" the 

opening film. She Is a parent herself, 
and a former head. Both 
qualifications illuminate her chairing 
of the studio cfiscussions. Mr 
Tomaiin reserves to himself the 
stiffer task of handling a growl of 
disgruntled Mums and Dads from 

(Radio 4, 83pm), an extraordinary 
story about a young, deaf, girl who, 
by general consent, has become one 
or the best percussionists in the 
country, ought to be required 
listening In any household where 
there is an apparently unbridgeable 
gap between a vague desire to play a 
musical instrument and the Incentive 
to translate thought into action. If 
-Evelyn Glennie can surmount a 
handicap like hers, tire way to the 
stars must surety be wide open for 

the rest of us. . 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

S3 Daytime on Two: For 
moderately mentally 

handicapped ywmg adults. 
93 Spanish town and vfflaga 
. 6fa.&52 Maths; tessellations. 

- 10.15 Part one of Richard 

Carpenter's story, The Boy 
' from Outer Space. 103Ths 
1- Ufa of aTbkyo city famfly. 

113 How docks work. 11.17 
■ . Walrus. 71 1,39 Science; fight, 
electrons and the atom 

123 A proffla of PhiQppa Corlat, a 
guard on the world's fastest 
passenger train, the TGV. 
123 Lesson it of the 
German conversation course 
for beginners. 12.55 GCSE: 
general Issues 2 . 13 The 
French coastal town of 

* Fecamp at work and at play. 
13 A history of writing. 23 
For tour and five-year-olds. 
2.15 History; Tudor man of the 
see. 23 The properties of 

•- crystal. - -' 

3.00 Csefax. - 

430 WorM Darts. Highlights of last 
nights matches tn the 
Embassy World Professional 
Darts Championship. 

5.00 The Royal Institution 
Christmas Lectures. The 
second In the series on 
communicating given by 
Professor David Pye. 

6.00 No Unfit*. A new series 
begtos wito Jonathan King 
selecting the successors to 
last year’s teenage television 
hosts, Lisa Maxwell and 

. . Jeremy Legge. 

63 The'Adventum Game. Earthly 
mortals chaflenge the ruler of 
. thB planet a series of . 
logic problems. Representing 

* Earth tWs week, the first of a 
new series, are Bheelagh 
Gilbey, Ian McNaught-Oav'is, 

' and Roy Kane. 

73 The Strange Affair of... 

' Frankenstein. Robert Symes 
tries to unravel the origins of 
.. thsstory ofthemajvmade . 

- monster (see Choice). 

■ 83 frfddey t The Changes. The 
second of five fflm portraits of 
. * people flvfng In JhevBage 

.'Surrounding Frickley cofliery 
during 1BB5.Toda/s-sublect 
is Aftmt-Nktoofla who had to 
have pbficei protection after 
dedefing to break the strike 
and return to work. 

S3 World Darts. Second round 
-. action In the Embassy World 
Professional Darts 
ChampfonBhip, introduced by 
Tony Gubba from ths LakesMe 
> Coimtry Club, Camberiey. 

93 Tbt Boat The third and final 
part of the dramatic story of a 
’ - German U-boat crew'on a 

- 'mission to 1941 to disrupt 

Britain's supply Ones. Thai 
. captain receives Instructions 
:• to put In to Vigo before - 
attempting to slip past British ' 
defences ffvthe Straits of 
Gibraltar! For a brief time the 
crew experience, ths luxury of 
fife aboard a German supply - 
aftip. English subtltiesfr). 

103 Worid Darts. A further visit to 
the Lakeside Country Club. 
Camberiey. FbBowed by a 
PhfBp Larkin poem read by 
Douglas Dunn. 

113 Newsntffht 1145 Weather. 

113 World Darts. The final visit of 
tin day to the Lakeside 
Country Club, thcr venue of the 
Embassy .World Professional 
Championship. Ends at 12.15. 


23 Snooker, The find quarterfinal 
match of the Mercantile Credit 
Classic tournament, 
introduced by Dldde Davies 

from the Spectrum Arana, 

43 Countdown. Lssfie Preston 
from Bridgwater challenges 
yesterday’s winner of ths 
anagrams and mental 

arithmetic competition. 

53 BewftcbecL Danln'smother- 

_ in-law swaps his wife for her 
Identical sister and gets her to 
behave to a way to annoy 

53 As Good Aa New. The first of 
a new series tor those 
Interested to repairing 
damaged or broken furniture 
. which Includes advice on the 
das and don’ts at a furniture 
: auction. In this opening 
programme Mika Smith Is at 
an auction where he gives tips 
on what to look tor at the view 
. and what to bid. Back home he 
starts work on a table and 
1 chair (Oracle). • • 

6.00 Pop the Otmittion. A pop 
music quiz about the songs of 
the 50s to the 80s. The team 

. captains, Chris Tarrant and 
David Hamilton, are joined by 
' Adrian Juste, Sally James, 
Anneka Rice and buggia 

6.30 Danger Man. Starring Patrick 
McGoohan as the early 60s 

. British Intelligence agent, John 
dfake, this evening with Dm 
. ,tesk of helping ■ blind girl to 
find and Identify her brother's 

73 Channel Four newt with Peter 
Sissons and Atestalr Stewart 
Includes the second of three 
reports from Gwynne Roberts 
In Kurdistan, behind the lines 
of the fran-lraq conflict 

73 Comment With his views on a 
matter of topical Importance is 
Anthony Cronin, an Irish 
analyst and poet Weather. 

83 Braokslde. Barry warns 
Damon to stay away from 
Jane, while Pat and Sandra 
. are determined thHt she 
should leave. Meanwhile, 
Nicholas Black arrives at 
Heather's and gives her advice 
- -on how to redecorate. 

8.30 4 What Itis Worth presented 
• by David Stafford and Penny 

Jurmr. The first of two special 
programmes marking the start 
of Energy Efficiency Year. 

Haw we misuse energy In 
’ Britain; the government's case 
is given by Energy Secretary, 

• - Peter. Walker. 

9.00 FBm: A Change of Seasons 
(1 S80) starring Shirley 
MacLaina, Anthony Hopkins, 
Bo Derekand Michael 
Brandon ..When a Harvard 
professor of English tails his 
wife that he has taken a 
mistress she retaliates by 
having a love affefr of her own. 
Directed by Richard Lang. 

103 The Comic Strip Presents . . . 
Susie: More rnaytiBm, this time 
set In a Norfolk village where 
gossip is rife about the Ideal 
teacher .and her affair with a 
gypsy, having grown tired of 
her insipid husband (r). 

113 Ghosts in the Machine. The 
first of a six-part series 
showcasing the best works of 
the world's leading video 
artists. This opening 
programme, Concentrates on 
the ralatkifahlp between video 
and tatevigjon and video and 
musto. Ends ai 12J25. 


Radio 4 


On long wave, t also VHF stereo. 

53 Shipping. 63 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming Today.. 
625 Prayer tor tire Day .t 
63 Today, Incl 63, 73, 83 News. 
645 Business tews. 63 73 
Weather. 73, 83 News. 73, 
825 Sport. 745 Thought tor toe 

843 More Wrostfing than Dancing. 
David Moreau describes somo 
attempts to oonw to grips with Ufa 
(2). On the Cheep. 827 weather. 

. 93 Mews. - 

93 Tuesday CaH: 01 -580 -Mil - 

Crime ahd the Community. A 
chance to put questions to the 
Home Secretary, Douglas Hurd. 
Jem! Murray Is in thB chair. 

10.00 Newa; From Our Own 

103 Morning Story: Eastern Promise 

S f Alexander CordeL Reader 

1045 Dally Service (New Every 
Morning, page 75Lt 
113 News; Travel: Thirty- Minute 

Theatre; Without Fke by Wally K. 
-Daly- With Paul Daneman ana 
Norma Ronald. What happens . 
when a man stops smoking .t 
113 The Living World: Let's Hear it 
Again. A selection of extracts 
■ from 0 Stoners' favourite. Living 
World programmes broadcast 
during ths past year. 

123 News; You and Yours. Consumer 
advice, with Pattie CoWwaU. 

1227 My Word! Panel game with DBys 
Powell and Frank Mufr 
challenging Antonia Fraser and 
Denis NoTOan.t 123 Weather. 
13 The World at One: News. 

13 The Archers. 13 Shipping 

23 News; Woman's Hour. Includes - 
' an investigation into the way 
woman offenders are treated In 
- our courts. Also part 6 of 
Crampton Hodnet by Barbara" 
Pym. The reader Is Patricia 

33' News; Tna Afternoon Play: Tansy 
C With Cindy ' 
NevIBe Jason ana Tessa 
Worstay. Story of a couple who 
mms into a derelict country 
cottage. f 400 News. 

405 The Food Programme. Derek 
Cooper rings in the New Year 
with a taste of what's to come In 

43 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine, 
presented by Paid Vaughan, 
includes comment on Jorge Luis 
Borges's 7 Nights; the film Year 
ol the Dragon, and the BBC 1 
serialization of ABce In 
Wonderland (rj. 

53 PM: News Magazine. 53 

-Shipping Forecast 53 Weather. 
63 The Six o'clock Newa; Financial 
Report T ' 

trusty Hubert 
forces of swa 

The Mandrake Connection. . . 
Richard Johnson and Royca Milks 


73 News. 

73 The Archers. 

73 Ihs Sky's tha UmiL Wtffiam Davis 
reports from America on real 
estate In the sky. 

8,00 Medkdna Now. Geoff Wans 
reports on the health of medical 

8.30 The Tuesday Feature: The 
Glennie Determination. Last 
summer, Evelyn Glennie, who is 
deaf, graduated from the Royal 

' Academy of Music and has 
received the Queen's 
Commendation for AO-Round 
Excellence. Antony Hopkins 
traces the progress of this 
remarkable young woman. 

93 In Touch. News, views and 
information for people with a 
visual handicap. 

9.30 Prastwich Pique. A series of six 
combative talks by Howard 
Jacobson (5). Bernard's 

. . Baboons. 

945 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine, 
presented by Paul Allen. Includes 
comment on Richard 
Attenborough's new film A ■ 
Chores Line; the Radio 3 
production erf Strindberg’s 
Master Otof. and opera Factory at 
the Royal Court. 

10.15 A Bom at Bedtime; Vice Versa by 
F. Anstay17). Reed by David 
Davis. 10.29 Weather. 

10.30 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World Tonight 

113 Weave and Print Joanna Hlckaon 

visits two craft workshops - one 
making tapestry (in Edinburgh) 
the other spedaKztng in 
printmaking (In Aberdeen). . 

123 News; Weather. 123 Shipping 

VHP (available in-England and S 
. Wales only) as above except;' 
53-63am Weather, Travel. 
11312.00 For Schools: 113 
TkneandTune.t 113Tlmato 
Move. 113 Musicianship: Early 
Stages. 13-3. 00pm For 
Schools: 13 Listening Comer. 
2.05 History; Not So tong Ago. 

- 225 Contact 2.40 Pictures In 
Your Mind (stories). 5.50-5-55 PM 
(continued). 1231.10am 
Schools Night-Time 
Broadcasting; A-level English - 
The "Unseen" Criticism 


Radio 3 

S3 Weather 7.00 News. 

73 Morning Concert Marcello's 
Oboe Concerto in C minor 
Sveiyn Rofhwerwtth Pro Arte 
Orchestra); Monteverdi's Zefiro 

toma (Cuenod, tenor Derenne, 

' tenon Instrumental Ensemble); 
Ysaye's Solo Senate No 2 
(Shumsky, violin}; Brahms's 
Variations on a theme of Paganini 
(Kalchen, pianol.t 83 News. 

6.05 Marnirw Concert (conid): 

Rossirv s overture Semiramlda 
(Chicago SO); FaurS's Berceuse 
Op l6(Ysaye. violin; Decreus. 
piano]; Beethoven's Symphony 
No 2 (Vienna PO). 93 News. 

9-05 This Week's Composer 
Stravinksy. Fireworks, Op 4 
(Berlin RSO); ballet The Rrebird 
(Boston SO). t 

103 Beecham Conducts Mozart 
Bassoon Concerto in B flat k 
191; the Entr’acte Thames. King 
of Egypt Symphony No 35 feritn 
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 
and Gwydton Brooke (bassoon) 
fin mono). 

10.45 Vteme: Mass in C sham mtoor for 
choir and two organs, including 
the Allegro Maesbso: Adagio; 
Finale from Organ Symphony No 
3. BBC" Singers with John Scott 
- and Margaret Pftifys (organ).t 
113 Cello and Piano: Lowri Blake and 
Carolina Palmer play 
Schumann's Adagio and Allegro 
in A flat. Op 70; Hindemith's 
Sonata Op 25 No 3; Beethoven's 
Sonata in D. Op 102, No 2.t 
12.10 Bournemouth SO (under BupaJ), 

-with Peter Donohoe (piano). Part 
one. Dvorak's Scherzo 
caprtcdoso: Rachmaninov's 
Piano Concerto No 1.t13 

1.05 Concert pan two. 

Shostakovich's Symphony No 

13 Guitar encores; Leo Wltoszynsky] 
plays Castslnuovo-Tedesco’s 

Caprice® diabofica and NardeHl's 

A^ave; Folklore Impression No 

2.10 A New String Trio and an 
Important Mass; First 
performance of Gottfried von 
Etoem's String Trio (with 
Poapichal. Klos and Rehm); and 
Beethoven's Mass in D. Op 123 
(Varady, Ftonlle. Lau bertha I, 
Sotin/chc^r of St Hedwig's 
Cethedral/Berito Radio SO).t 

43 Michele Campanalla: piano. 
Weber's Invitation to the dance; 
Sonata No 1 and Franck's 
Prelude. Chorale and Fugua.t 
43 News. 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: Roger 
Nichols with recorded muslc.t 

63 Airs d6 coeur Emma IGrkby 
(soprano) with Anthony Baties 
{(lute). Works by Guedron. Grand- 
Rue, Jean-Baptisie BoesseL 

v. .* /■ 

Peter Donohoe: on Radio 3 
at 12.1 0pm 

Robert BaRard, Antoine Boesset 
and Frencob Ridharcf.t 
7.10 Bernard Roberts: piano raotai. 

Part one. Bach's Partita No 6 in £ 
minor, 8WV 830; Stephen 
Dodgcon's Sonate No 3 
(Variations on a rhythm).! > 

BJK As Normal as Herring and 

Potatoes.- Jan Myrdal gives a talk 
on August Strindberg. 

825 Fiacrtal: pan two. Brahms's 

Variations and Fugue on a theme - 
of Handel. Op 24.f 
93 Sickert at St Pater's: Beniamin 
Whttnw reads the work by 
Denton Welch. 

8.15 Penderecki: the Violin Concerto, 
played by Konatanty Kufta (vtofti) - 
with Cracow Radio SQ.t 

103 Jazz Today; Charies Fox 

presents Graham Cotifar Music.! 

113 String Quartets of Dvorak: In E ’ 
(Cypresses No 8) and In A minor, 

Op 12, Played by the Lindsay 

113 Ravel Recalled: Tim Souatar'sLe 
souvenir de Maurice Ravel. 

Played by the Nash EnsemWe.t . 

11.57 News. Until 123 


Radio 2 


News on the hours. Headlines 53, 

63, 7.30, 83. Sports Drak 1 -15pm, 
2.02, 3.02, 4.02, 525, 6.02, E.45 (MF) . 
only. 9.55. 

4.00 Colin Berry.t 63 Ray Moore.! 8.05 
Kan Bruce. T 103 Jbnmy Young. 

Medical questions answered by Dr Mike 
Smith, l.fapm David Jacobs. 1 2.00 
Anna Ford.T 130 Music afl the Way.t 
43 David Hamilton.! 6.00 John Dunn.t 

8.00 Hurbert Gregg says I Call it Style. 
Frank Loesser)- $-00 BBC RaCBo 
Orchestra. With the Swingle Singers.t 
S3 Sports Desk. 10.00 On Cue (new 
series). Tony Pears with a general 
knowledge quiz. The panel: Christopher, 
Biggins. Lesley Judd, Johnny Ball and 
Doc Cox. 103 The Names's the Game. 
Battle of Went! -wits between Barry Cryer 
and Duggia Brown and Matthew Kolly 
and Jeffrey HoBand 113 Brian 
Matthew presents Round Midnight, 
(stareo from midnight). 1.00 BN RennaBs 
presents Nlghtride.t 33-43 A little 
Night Music. 


Radio 1 


News on the halt hours from 63am 
until 93pm and at 12 mWnigrtt 
63 Actrran John. 73 Mike Head. 93 
Simon Bates. 1 23pm News beat (Ian 
Parkinson). 1245 Paul Jordan with this 
week's Top 40 discs. 33 Steve Wright. 
5.30 News beat (lan Parkinson). 545 
Bruno Brookes. At 6.30, he reviews the 
top 40 singles chart. 73Jank» Long. 
103-123 John Peel.1 VHF Radios 1 & 
2: 4.00am As .Radio 2. 10.00pm As 
Radio 1. 12.05-430 m As Radio 2. 


£.00 New&oeafc. 7.00 News. 7.09 Twenty-Falx’ 
Hours. 7 JO NO Place LAs tt. 745 Network UK. 
BJ» News. 8.03 Reflecilons. 8.15 Devekaxnani 
■86. 8J0 Beethoven end tin VtoUn. 9.00 News. 
LOS Review' at the British Press. 9.15 Ttw 
Worid Today. U0 Financial News. 940 Look 
Ahead. 945 What's New. 10.00 News. 1 OJ 1 
Discovery. 10J0 Charta. 113 Nows. 11-09 
News About Britain. 11.15 Waveguide. 11.26 A 
Letter From Scotland. 1U9 Redo Newweel. 
12.15 What do we do with the MentaRy IP 
1245 Spans Roundup. 1XO News. 148 
Twenty-Four Hours. 140 Network UK. 145 
Recordng Ot Hi Wbek. 2JD0 Outlook. 245 
Sounds of Birinas. LOO Radio NowsraeL 3.15 
A Jolly Good Show. 4.00 News. LOB 
Commentary. 4.15 Omnftus. 445 The World 
Today. 5.00 Newa. S3 A Letter From 
Scotland. 5.15 Meridian LOO News.. L'08 
Twenty-Four Hours. 9.15 Concert Hal. 1040' 
News. 1049 The Worid Today. 1045 A Latter 
From Scotland. 10J0 Rnandsi News. 1040 
Redactions. 1045 Sports Roundup. 1140 
News. 11JJ9 Commentary. 11.15 Sng GospoL 
11 JO What do we do wkh the Mentally VP 
12J » News. 12JJ9 News About Britain. 12.15 
Radio NawsrseL 12.30 OmnSxis. 1.00 News, 
l.m Outlook. 1J0 Repon On Relgion.- 145 
Country StyM. LOO News. LOB Review ol the 
Brittsn Press. L15 Sax and Violence and 
Opara. 2J0 Charta. L00 News. L09 News 
About Brcain. L15 The. World Today. L30- 
Discovery. 4J» Nnwadesk. 4J0 Wavegulda. 
4.40 Book Cra CO. 5.45 The Worid Today. 

AH times In GMT 

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BBC1 Wole* 53-63 Wales 

Today. 63-73 The Chris 

Stuart Cha Cha Chet Show. 93-103 
Week in Week Out 10310-TSThe ' 
Magic of Vienna. 103113 Cagny and 
Laray. 113123 Nothing but the 
Bast 123123am News and 
weather. Scotland: 103am-1Q3 
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Scotland. 1015-1045 Six 
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HtxxliiO/ This Video . . . 113-113 
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S4C 123 Puppet Man. 13 
_! Alice. 23'Hwnt ac Yma. 23 
Ffelabalam. 23 Hyn 0 Fyd. 23 
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Show. 8.00 Robin Cousins has Paris on 
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Traasur Hunt 93 GwenoDakL 1020 
Way of Being. 113 Film: T-Men* 1947 
thrwer. 123m Ctosedown. 

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UCW 1 rtMl. ! 23pm Gardening 

Time. 1313 News. 63 Crossroads. 

6373 Newa. 12.15am Ctoaedown. 


"ANGLIA As London except 
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63 Crossroads. 7373 Bygones. 
12.15am Whatever happened to Vatican 


report 33-4.00 Sons and Daughters. 
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Right 6373 Crossroads. 12.15am 

II! •nTPR As London Bxcept 
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Diary Dates. 5373 Crossroads. 

1 News. Closedown. 

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Gardening Time. L 30-4. 00 Sons and 
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Farm. - 6. 00 News end Scotland Today. 
63Crossroads. 7.00-73 Fwmy You 
Should Say That 12.16am Late Call, 
Ctosedown. . - 

TVS As London except 13 News. 

1323 Country Practice. 3,3 
33 Questions. 5.15-545 Sons and 

Daughters. 6.00 Coast to Coast 63 

Police 5. 5373 Crossroads. 

12.15am Company. Ctosedown. 


I Lunchtime Live. 13-13 News. 33- 

4.00 Country Practice. 63 Calendar. 

63-7 .00 Crossroads. 12.15am 

CHANNEL As London except 
w starts 9393 For 

Openers. 13 Channel news and 
weather. 1323 A Country Practice. 
3.00-33 Questions. 5.12 Puffin's 
Pla(i)ce. 5.15-5.45 Sons and Daughters. 
6.00 Channel Report 63-73 
Crossroads. 12.15 Weather, dose. 

TSW As London except 123pm 
1.00 Woman's mace. 13-1. 


News. 33-43 Sons and Daughters. 
5.15 Gus Honeybun. 53-5.45 
Crossroads. 63 Today South West 
6.25 Televiews. 6 JO Emmerdale Farm. 
7.00-83 Simon and Simon. 12.15am 
Postscript Closedown. 

TYNE TEES London except 

1 cco ij2(tom'13 News 

and Lookaround. 63 Northern Lite. 

63-7.00 Crossroads. 12.15am Hello 

Godl, Closedown. 


Gardening Tima. 13-1J30 News. 5.15- 
5.45 Emmerdale Farm. 63 North 
Tonight 63 Crossroads. 7.00-73 
Random Choice. 12.15am News, 

BORDER As London except 
owiMcn i_20pm-l3 News. 33- 

4.00 Sons and Daughters. 5.00 
Lookaround. 63-73 Crossroads. 
1Z15am News. Ctosedown. 

HTvwesr jsBaaa 

63 News. 6373 Crossroads. 

T2.15em Oosedown. 

HTV WALES ^."S ex “ pt 

Schools. 63pm-63 Wales at Six. 

t Stereo. + Black and whne (r) Rapaal 

_ cx: cram ( WBK iaMW 

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Theatre'! Open Today 2.00 

(low pun mao & 7. is. Tamer. Thur 
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by Peter Shaffer. 

PALACE THEATRE 437 6834 CC 437 
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Shakespeare Theatre (07891 29S623 

" ^O^mUC^^RE 6433 

Now until 8th February- "You Mil 
never foroei the axparlcnoe" S. 
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also on page 30 



**** * First PnMah«H78<; 

Letter j&om Madrid 

trap art thieves 
in $ 18 m ‘sting’ 

By Robin Young in London and 
Trevor Fishlock in New York 
A leading London art dealer a team of 12 detectives, two 
at the centre of the New York Customs agents and two agents 
sale oflslamjc antiquities worth of the Federal Bureau of 
over $18 million (£12 million) Investigation staked out the 
last night spoke of the mystery warehouse and watched as the 
shipment, which had narrowly three men arrived in two cars 
missed being stolen in the under cover of darkness. 

United States. 

The robbers knocked a hole 

Mr Mahboubian, of the in a wall with sledgehammers 
Mahboubian Gallery of Ancient and. evidently well-briefed. 
Art. said the antiquities, ship- made straight for the two 
ped to New York from Switzer- packing cases. As they loaded 
land by his firm, belonged, to a the treasures into the cars the 
private collection. Insurance police emerged from hiding and 
and shipping documentation swooped. “They didn't know 
indicated that the artefacts what hit them”, a detective 
belonged to one of tbe principal said. 

Iranian private collections. 

Officers of the Manhattan 

“The collection's existence is robbery squad said the arrested 
well known and authenticated'*, men were part of an inter- 
he said. “It is not from the royal national ring specializing in the 

.i r. i i„ „r — 


Other prominent London 
dealers in Iranian antiquities, 
however, believe that New York 

theft and sale of antiques and 
London art. 

iquities. The police said they expect to 
rw York make more arrests and that 

police had planned an elaborate their investigation could spread 
“sting” to trap the art thieves, to Europe. 

and doubt that the artefacts 
were genuine. But Mr Mahbou- 
bian insists that they were. 

The three men seized were 
charged with burglary, criminal 
possession of stolen goods and 

Three members of an inter- conspiracy. Two of them are 

national gang of art and antique 
robbers were caught redhanded 
in New York with the Manhat- 
tan shipment. 

New York police had been 
watching the men for four 
months and were told by an 

Manhattan antique dealers: 
Nedjalollah Sakhai, aged 43, 
and Daniel Kohl, aged 44. The 
third man runs a topless bar. Mr 
Mahboubian said be was very 
familiar with the name of 
Nedjatollah Sakhia, and had 

♦r *'r " ;.V V ■ 

'rs wlfir i 

informer that tbey planned to done some business with him. 
strike at a bonded waare house n “I am surprised that he should 

Mme Dane Boutboul, left, in a tearful family reunion on French television with her father as her mother holds her child Adrien. 

the borough of Queens. The 
target was two crates filled with 
105 artefacts - gold bowls, 
plates, urns, coins and jewlry - 
dating from the 7th centry BCL 

be involved. He has a good 
name, though he was not a big 
dealer. I believe that most of his 
activity was in Japan”, he 

French had ‘mole’ in KGB 

Continued from page 1 
France iq the 1960s and now 
wanted to be of service to 

According to M Wolton, 
“Farewell” as he was immedi- 
ately dubbed, “turned out to be 
a senior officer working in the 
T Department of the KGB 

After the death of Leonid 
Brcznev and the accession to 
power of Yuri Andropov, 
former head of the KGB. 
“Fare well” suddenly ceased 
passing information. At first, 
the DST thought the change of 
Soviet leadership mav have 
caused temporary difficulties 

Today’s events 

New exhibition 
Paintings and drawings by Paul 
Finnegan ; Peacock Gallery. Pine- 
bank House Arts Centre, TnUygaOy 
Road, Craigavoo, Northern Ireland; 
Mon to Fri lOto 5 (ends Jan 31). 

Exhibitions in progress j 
A selection from the fourth Smith i 
biennial: Third Eye Centre, 350 
Sauchiehall Street. Glasgow; Tues to 
Sat 10 to 3.30, Sun 2 to 5.30 (ends 
Jan 1 1). 

Christmas cards 1840 to 1920 
from the Seddon Collection; 
Stockport Memorial Art Gallery. 
Wellington Road South; Mon to Fri 
11 to 5, Sal 10 io4 (ends Jan 11). 

Cadbury's National exhibition of 
children's art; The Herbert An 
Gallery, Jordan Well, Bayiey Lane, 
Coventry; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends Jan I IV 
Christmas Show - present art - 

for him. But by early 1983, they 
became convinced that “Fare- 
well", who had always been 
contacted through an inter- 
mediary, would never show his 
face again. 

“Farewell** was apparently 
not betrayed or found- out by 
the Russians, but is thought 
rather to have been involved in 
a totally unconnected scandal. 
Toward the end of 1982, 
rumours were circulating in 
Moscow about a senior KGB 
officer having been convicted of 
the murder of a policeman. 
According to M. Wolton, the 
DST now believes “Farewell" 
to have been that officer. 

fine arts and exceptional crafts; 
Grape Lane Gallery, 17 Grape Lane, 
Pexcrgale, York; Tues to Sat 10 to 5 
(ends Jan 11). 

In the Firing Line: decorative tile 
panels by Maggie Angus Berko witz; 
Paintings by Professor Care! 
Weight; Tin-glaze and smoked 
lustre - pots by Alan Caiger-Smith; 

Paris (Reuter) - Police 
questioned the mother-in-law of 
murdered lawyer M Jacques 
Perrot. childhood friend of tbe 
French Prime Minister, M 
Laurent Fabins, for four hours 
yesterday after she hinted the 
lawyer may have died for 
inquiring into a fraud scandal 
for which she was debarred in 

Mme Elisabeth Bontbonl, a 
former barrister, left police 
headquarters by a side entrance 
to avoid reporters. Police 
declined to comment. 

Mme Bontboal made her 
comments on French television, 
which also showed a tearful 
family reunion. She said: “If 
Jacques had spoken ti> me 
about the case, I would have 
told him: ‘Yoa're playing with 
dynamite. Don't touch it.' I 
think the murder is linked to 
his cariosity and he must have 
gone too far.** 

M Perrot, aged 39, the 
estranged husband of France's 
best-known woman jockey, 
Mme D&rie Bontbonl, and 
himself a keen amateur rider, 
was shot twice in the head and 
once in the heart as he left his 
Paris office on December 27. 

Police investigations have 
revealed tfaat'M Perrot was 
apparently shot by a hired 
killer,, and both his wife and 
Elisabeth Bontbonl have said 
the; fear for their own lives. 

Police inv e stigations . had 
also revealed that M Pierrot's 
father-in-law, Mr Robert Bont- 
boul, declared in M Perrofs 
marriage certificate to be dead, 
was alive and well and living in 

M Robert Bontbonl, who 
also appeared on the French 
television reunion said he had 
met his son-in-law three days 
before the murder. He denied 
that he had agreed to pass for 

dead ia a plane crash 25 years 
ago for money. 

Elisab eth Bontbonl saM in 
the television interview that she . 
had not defended herself when 
she was struck off by the Paris 
Bar Council because she was 
covering someone. 

The Roman -Catholic 
missionary organization Mis-' 
sions Etrangeres has said it is 
considering legal action against 
Mme Bontboal, whom it has 
accused of a £1.5 millioa fraud 
while acting as its lawyer from 
1968 to 1981. 

Ia a farther radio interview, 
Mme Bontbonl said that, 
contrary to some interpret- 
ations of her remarks: “I am 
certain that the foreign mis- 
sions of Pam are in no way 
mixed np with the death of my 

Asked who was involved, she 
replied: “That is for the police 
to find out". 

Alliance parties 
agree on : 
seat allocation- 

Liberals and Social Demo- 
crats have reached agreement 
on how to decide which of the 
Affiance parties should contest 
each of the 635 maintain! 
constituencies at the next 
general election. 

Some “loose ends" remain to 
be tied up in a scare- of 
parliamentary seats. Seven are 
s till going ■ through a binding 
arbitration procedure to decide 
the contesting party. Ratifi- 
cation either local or national, is 
the remaining hurdle in the 
other outstanding cases. 

Neither the Liberals nor SDP 
foresee any serious difficulty in 
resolving these cases and an 
announcement on final agree- 
ment is expected at- the end of 
this month. 


ironwork and stone and clay 
sculpture by Anne McEntegan: 
Tapestries by William Jefferies; 
Abbot Hall Art Gallery, K enda l, 
Cumbria; Mon to Fri 10.30 to 5.30, 
Sat and Sun 2 to 5 (ends Feb 23). 

Lace and needlepoint; Cleveland 
Gallery, Victoria Road, Middles- 
brOBgh; Tues to Sat 12 to 7 (ends 
Jan 23). 

Walking and Falling -A labyrinth 
of dreams: paintings, drawings, 
photography and sculpture by 
various artists; Kettle's Yard 
Gallery, Castle Street, Cambridge; 
Tues to Sat 12.30 to 3.30, Sun 2 to 
3.30 (ends Fri) 9). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,937 
' ia 1 13 I \4 1 1 Md 17 i I 


Recital by the Grand -Canyon 
College Concert Choir; Canterbury 
Cathedral, 12; Rochester Cathedral,. 

Concert by- the City of Birming- 
ham Symphony Orchestra; works by 
Brahms and Bartok; Cheltenham 
Town HaU, 7.3a 

Recital by Robert 'Terriman 
(trumpet) and Robert Court (organ); 
St David’s Hall, Cardiff, 1.05. 


Book Market; Chantry HaU, 
Norwich, 10 to 5. 

32 London International Boat 
Show; Earis Court Exhibition 
Centre, Warwick Rd, SW5; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 8. Sat and San 10 to -7, 
admission £3.20, under 14s £1.60 
(ends Jan 12). 


Births: MBlard Fillmore, J 3 th 
President of the USA (1850-53), 
Locke Township, New York, 1800; 
Saint Bernadette of Lourdes (Marie- 
Bernarde Soubirous), Lourdes, 
1844; Charles Pfcgny, poet, Qrieqns, 
1873; Francis Poulenc, composer. 
Paris, 1899. Deaths: Ca t h e ri ne '-of 
Aragon, first wife of Henry - Vffi, 
Kim bo I ion, Hun tingdonshire,. 1 536; 
Nicholas HJUfaud, miniatnrud, 
London, 1619; Allan Ramsay, poet, 
Edinburgh, 1758; Sr . Thomas 
Lawrence, painter, PRA 1820-30, i 
London, 1830. ... 

TV top ten 

Ntttonri top inn MsvMon progrsmnws in ttw 
nwk ending December S± Utatar Tefavtatan 
warn off the Sr on Oocambar 1ft 1 MS. TWa wB 
have hed an eftect on the rtewfrw floures to r 
(Mar IV aid consequently an tab noun of 

viewing. shore ot eudienoe and rsech data for 
rTV and tar total TV: 

-1 EestBxtms (Thu/! - 25m 

2 EaWEndarB (Tue/Sun), 1 9 35m 

3 Only Foote and Homes. lS85m 

4 dual Good Rtawfe.ia.Mn 

5 Jtftot Bravo. 1285m 

6 WbganJFil), 12.00m ■ 

6-Haw; Sport; Wetohar (Sat 2130). t280n» 
8 Dynasty. HJOm . • 

'8 Canyon FoSow that Carnal, 11.60m 
10 Btanfcaiy Bank, 11.10a - 


1 .Coronation Stmt (Wad). Granada. 

1530m . 

8 Coronado* Street (Mon). OaaA, 
-14.6501 ' 

3 Bind Dtas. : LWT, 12.75m 

4 Copy Cats pmstmss SpocM. LWT, 

5 StrariaftSuprise LWT, iSLBOm 

6 Christmas Cannon and BtALWT.lZSSm 

7 (Tuo). CanuaL 1820m 
7-Ma and MVGH. CWT. IZMm 

9. 3-8-1, Ycricshke, 12.10m 
10 71* Is Your UfelfniMS, 4286m 

BBC 2 • 

1 ■ The Ftandi Uautananr* Woman, 10.15m 

8 VMstwwW. 7.59m 

3 The -Pan and fflaa of Reginald Panto, 

4 The Winds otJarrah, SJBm 

5 Tha Natural World. 4Mm 

6 Food toid Drink. 4J0m 

7 Star Trek, 385m _ _ 

8 Tha Tonal Show CMstmaa Special, 

9 Bewtatul People, &S5m 
10 Nfcfc Carter -Maetar Da 


Detective, ft25m 

The pound 


1 Though sweet this fool may be. 
lovers find one dc trap (10). 

6 Adventure film in the picture- 
theatre (4). 

9 Joshua's after these books (10). 

10 Put this Scottish infant on the 
bottle (4). 

12 Drink tax of old which needs 
revision - heavens! (6,6). 

15 Reveille should be somewhat 
surprising (3-6). 

17 Learn disorder of the kidneys 

18 Explosive destiny for a scrf(5). 

19 Fourth estate contains certain 
compelling forces (9). 

20 We hear you are right in depth 
measurements in the environ- 
ment (12). 

24 See. live, part of the loan Antony 
requested (4). 

25 It's very little to manage on, and 
it's usually lied up(10). 

26 Good dog comes to this dirty 
one (4). 

27 100, say. can end badly under 
such domination (10). 


1 State limits of patience, making 
us yawn (4). 

2 Has topless dresses (4). 

3 Constable holds one up in the 
issue “Freedom from Bondage" 


4 Result level on the end of it (5). 


5 Chaser, or *e could be a runner 
of course (9). 

7 Tyler's followers accepting 
money? Just a joke! (10). 

8 Treat for kids by Church youth 
leaders on site of Eliot's Mill 
( 5 . 5 ). 

11 Electrical fault located, it's said, 
showing lack of providence 

13 Old man '5 bottle makes me so 
healthy in retrospect (10). 

14 Very bad, getting rope all 
tangled with bed (10). 

16 It makes one forget being 
imprisoned in Sheen perhaps 


21 She could become Queen of 
France (5). 

22 The Bull seen outside a pub? (4). 

23 Not pleasing this sort of 
customer (4). 

Solution of Puzzle No l(J3fi 


0 a a s -a ra -0 
an r? a - nag 
r? [*] -k n a - a n 
• B : . or 

vmm 21 a n .rja,ja 
ci .a'-sjnEraaasa. e • 
a a .3'. .a g r.i n_ 

n ■ nil ra . h f;j a 
raaiHSIHR.. BiffBESiESlRR 

a a 

ianaanan . -f^aagsii 


Austria ScO • 


Francs Pr 


Japan Yaa 
Portugal Eae-. 


Sputa Pto 
SatozsrtandPlr . 


Raws tar anal da n o mtoa d o n bank oota* only, 

□nrorem rsm Rpm i» vvvwn uncfmffn- 
ottw foralni cufisnoy huahasa. 

HstaS Pitas toctaB 3784. 

London: Tha FT todex doaad .down 7 J « 
1141 A — - 

Hgwas tor tfw woric ancftig Decambor 22 
ihawBwtotoatoB p aroMiti^otvtwrinq - ^ 

9BC-1B8&2 BBC m) « ITV 
Alhoopt 36.1' 8.7 45A.463 79 542 
BstffS 6pm 32J5 4.1 362 54A BJ 633 
AfewBpm 380 1Z8 50J5 41J 7.8 494 ' 
Biatfcfaal totavtatato Tha manna wwMy I 
figuros tar aOdtancss at psak «nss (arim , 
Sfpaws In parerttwals ahowtoa the modi -*■ 
numoar otpsopW-wtia utowunr to tasat ttoao 

taaMrar Ttopr Man to Ri 1 Am (7ATA. 
Goal taarnkaamn: Mon to Frt 2Jn 
Sat zam. Son 1.7m (Sat or Sun 

£ 250,000 bond 

. The winning number' of . this 
month's £250,000 Premium Bond 
prize is 14 KF 421442. The. winner 
fives in Leeds. 


Harrow: Traffic on tbe Ridgeway 
reduced to a single alternate line; 
repairs at the railway bridge wifi 
seriously affect commuter traffic. 
Roadworks at tbe junction of 
Eversholt St, NWI. and Doric way, 
just. N of Euston Rd. 

The Midlands: M5r Contraflow 
between junctions 2 (A4123 Dudley 
and Birmingham W) and 3 (A4S6 
Halesowen and Binmngham W)_ 
A141t Temporary fights (24 hours) 
from Warboys to Qiatteris, Cam- 
bridgeshire; bypass work. A34: 
Expect delays on the northbound 
carriageway at Harford, Staffs. 

Wales and Wests M4: Lane 
restrictions between- junctions 22 . 
a nd 2 4 (Chepstow to Newport), 
-Gwent. A419: Major reconstruction 
work on this Cirencester .to Swindon 
road at South Cerney, Gloucester- 
shire; avoid if possible. A465:.Lane 
closures on the Neath to Resolven 
road at Abeigarwed on both 
carriageways doe to patching work. 

The North: M61: Blacow Bridge 
(junction M61/M6); Construction- 
of new motorway link on M6I at 
Walton Summit; left hand In ha 
closure on both N and southbound 
carriageways. M180: Contraflow 
-between junction 3 (Ml 80/M 181) 
and junction 4 (Ermine St inter- 
change), Scunthorpe, -Hum berridc. 
A56: Contraflow on Manchester Rd,. 
Altrincham. •.. -••• 

Scotland: M8 Surfiice-rqnirs on 
eastbonnd - carriageway W of 
junction 5 (Shotts/Harthifi). M73: 
Outside lane dosed, at junction 2 
(Glasgow), northbound link to M8; 
lighting maintenance. A87: Tempor- 
ary fights hear Kyle - of Lochalsh, 
Ross and Cromarty. 

Information supplied by the AA . 

Safer skiing 

A booklet on safer skiing issued 
by the . Chartered Society ' of 
PhysiotheT^iy points out that at 
least one in 30 skiers return injured 
yet less than 10 per cent of accidents 
are caused by natural hazards such 
as snow covering an obstacle or 
equipment fen ore. 

Most, it believes, are doe to unfit 
or inexperienced skiers not warming 
up properly, overstretching them- 
selves . pr. - wearing -the .wrong 
clothing. The booklet lists eight, 
simple points to .follow and is 
available -free on receipt of a 
stamped, addressed envelope fimm * 
the Information Department, Char- 
tered Society of Physiotherapy, 14 
Bedford Row' London, WC1.4£D. 


A weak ridge of higfr press- 
ure will' decline as frontal: 
troughs approach S Britain. 

6 am to midnight 

London, Earn Anglia, MkHandK Dry 
start, outbreaks of sleet, or snow in 
places; wfeid SE moderate or.frssh; max 

i SE, central S England: Stoat or snow . 
spreading from W, rain near coasts; 
wind SE trash or strong; max temp 4C 

E, NW, cemrat N England, Late 
District, SW, NW Scotland, Qtasgew; 
Central Hig Wa nds, Moray firth, Argyfl: 
Mainly dry, freezing fag patches stow to 
dear; sunny Intervals; wind SE fight or 
moderate; max temp 2C(38F)butcoMir 
where fog persists. 

Chanw islands: Rain, heavy at 
iknes; wind SE strong to hate, 
moderating later; raaxtomp 8C (46F). 

SW England, S Wales: Rain at times, 
snow on hffls; wind SE fresh or strong 
i focalygato;maxtB(npfiC(43F]. ■ 

N mites, leie of Men: MaWy dry. 
sunny intenngls; wind SE moderate or 
fresh: max temp 4C (39F). 

IE Engtend, BOKtavs, Edtafaugh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, ME ScoSand: 
Freezing fog' patches slow- to ctear, 
sunny intervals. Isolated snow showers; 
wind SE Bght or moderate; max temp 3C 
(37 F) 

Orkney, Shteand: Suren Intervals, 
sc atte re d snow showers; wind BE fight 
or moderate; max tamp4C (39F). " 

Northern- Ireland: Sleet or. snow fa 
places at first becdmmg dry and 
brighter; wind SE modera te or fnssh; 

' max temp 3G(37F). . •• 

. Outlook for toawTTOw and Thursday: 
Moat areas dry emdeoki but snow fa Sat 
first and rafa, preceded : by . anew 
reaching some W areas tatet. . 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sea, Strafe of 
Dover: Winds SE freshjncreaslng strong 
perhaps rate later; occasional steet or 
enow; visfenty mo de r a t e or poor; sea 
mexterete beaxnfag_ Trough. EngHsh 
Channel (Ek VSntkFSE Strong to gate 
decreasing moderate or fresh, rain or 
steet vidAy moderate sea' vwy 
. rough. St Oeonje’s^ Chwmet Irish Sea: 
Wfads SE strong to gate, ram or snow; 
visibility moderate or. poor; sea very 

{angled “foreign” Tax in a 
country with centuries of 
experience of fiddling, the 
public exchequer. 

In Barcelona, where the 
Catalan government - -has 
opened a special telephone 
Uue to answer questions about 
the ’ESC, 85 per cent of calls 
have-been protests over VAT, 

The. “European tan", as the 
Government of Sefror Felipe 
Gonzalez dubbed it, thinking 
to. exploit Spaniards’ supposed 
enthusiasm for joining the 
EEC has got off to a very poor 
start. ... 

It- has brought humiliation 
for Serior Carlos Solcbaga, the 
Economics and Finance Min- 
ister,' and above all for the 
PlPTufarin* of his department- 
who were first charged with 
envisaging YAT for Spain 
back in 197S. . 

If , things do sot sort 
themselves oat over the. next 
few months, the Govern- 
ment's thrce-year-strttggle to 
bring- down inflation to the 
EEC average; wiB receive a 
blow, just as Spanish exporters 
are supposed to beyconquering 
new markets. 

Cinco Dias, -the Madrid 
business daily, leading a 
chorus of criticism, blamed 
Spaniards' “inveterate tend- 
ency to leave everything to tbe 
last minute*' fco’ having 
bungled the introduction of a. 
tax wtddroughttobeahdp to 
tbe business community. 

Courses oil VAT for Madrid 
shopkeepers were held , by the 
Mimstry last November, but 
many traders were baffled. 

So far widespread confusion 
has emerged, accompanied by 
some abuse by Spam's myriad 
smaff shopkeepers, who still 
account for 80 per cent of the 

adding VAT to prices already 
indudlfig the old sales tax aid 
which should have ' beat 
deducted. . 

Better-class' restanrants and 
hotels and car ' parts, have 
increased by. between 30 
40 per cent, wiffi-amreneiEshi 
the dark about bow exactly 
diajges are made np. ' 

Cinemas, where the 
. Government says prices 
should have come down' as 
VAT is less than life previous 
tax, have not roduod aat 
prices, and Madrid’s 4axi 
drivers have been Obliged to 
aop applying Aw 6 jwr' cent 
they fait pa os -New Year's 
Day because Uk? focal govern, 
meat has not got round to 
authorizing the new prices ■ 
. Ignorance erf- ites dcact 
workine of YAT cm hariBy be 
dahried by the hooksefera, 
and even doctors, vri» have 
also weighed in -wftfi.lagher 
VAT rates than thoSe safe by 
the GovcntmniL • r: 

Spain's ne wsp aper .'.iin- 
pn«o cs .cannot hev fseqaedt 

per cent The rest toey^l fe 

focover infiaticKL . ' /- - 

. The textile and \ uaaal 
worterf najotri^aveg^c^r 
demanded tois mrmg'f wage 
round - dionkl . rnchuht ^ 
creates to make good purchas- 
ing power tosttbrougb VAT. . . 
- Afl «di itawps ae sfaowiny 
awareaesfr of. the. gesend. 
Inteiett'kg.'abp .toeurowa in 
toe flifetenat . teriri. <5bte^y 
manefeotoBa s, . ^opkeepas, 
profagfenay, people, : and 
v.x)rkexs »o all consumers loo. 

b-Uua afar and 

MWo rt lUw aa 



o-owrcaae 1-tag g-drtata: m-mtat; 

etoMLtainpanrtiraoanaixadB. Thtanta — qnromi 

Around Britain 

kt m 

S3 fU« : 

48 344 
68 a 

48 Z. 

3A 9-ttt 
48 788 

32 826 . 


68 SIX' 
no 244 
38 3JJ7 

: U IS 

48 889 
58 a® 
42- 8*6 
BS 828 
481 2J5T 

■ 'V - - . 


Itlfl.'' “ 5 
/ 'f ^ - .p 

5 :“ »-■* , 

its-- .viy ■ 

J4. ..•* 

t > — , 

48 ' ■' *•* 

68 - - 

~*3 ~~ — 




.J3_ .. . 

-a* ... • 


S' V : " ' 

«i- .' - -rt , 

-82 - -- 
98 • ' • 


Son Rata Max . 
ir .to C F , 

Scmboro . 0.7. .18 2 .38 Btnvr 
mmw ■ 28 .17 3 37 doudy 

■02 4 39 bright pm 

487 am 
Maw Moore Jammy KL 

Lightmg-up time 

Loritiaa 489 pm to 784 am 
. Brtatol 449 pm to 744 am 
Ednbor0b 427pm to &i t am 
Man cfaiia lBt AJS7 pro to 7-S3 am 

nucaoeo 687pm to 780 am 



. PortfaQo- bow to ptor 
Manday-Saimtoy mcord voir d^y-MitoBo 
totta.' . - 

Add'lham togatfw to datormlna you 
rngUy PcrtMo totaL 

a jmr toW matetwar ttw puHblwd anatoy 
dvfetand. Kgm you ham won outright jx- « 
aharaolBw prize monaytoatad tor that waifc,. 
and auto danr your priza as toattiKtodbakaib- . 


TataohooB Ttw Ttowa Porttoflo etatoia to* 
HBBfSXm batman 1IU» am and 380 vm, 
on toe nay mr ovaras total ma t ch — tbe 
Thnaa PwtfMO DMdand. Mo eiam can ba 
accaptad a u talda th— a h anra. ' • 

- You Bvat have yotr card «8h you whan you . 
lolephonD. ... 

^nyou are onahto to taiaphona aoniaoM aits' 
can dakn on your faohatf buttfwy moat ham 
wax' card and cal Tha Times PortMtoctofana 
fine between tha stipulated tones. 

No raipariiKjHty can be accepted tor fabra 
e contact ttw ctatow office tor any raaaon 
wWHn ttw statsd hours. 

Tha abova tostmedons am apti te abta to 
both dafar and meMy dhMand cfetafe. 

• Soma Times PorttoEo cants holdda minor 
nuap ri ms to the tostruettona on the. mama 
aide. Than cants am not tamfidatadL 

• The wording oTRutaa 2 and 3 haaJwan 
agaandad from wrtwvamtow for cWSs&n 
purposaa. Tha Gna Kaoit to not affected and 
wM oontkaw to t» payed In exactly tt» same 





KttzBnhoi .20 80 , '• cloud -2 

Lower slopes worn and (cy . ■ 

St Anton ■■ 50 - 725 fair powder art clear -7 

..New snow on hard base - 


FWfae 65 80 ■ good powder good snow ... - -4 

Snow conditions imp rov ing 

Moraine - 25 70 • good powder fair snow -2 

Good skHng on and off piste 

Val TboranaT- ' 110 *. 1M . powder fair snow -7 

.■ > Good aRfing op^er sfapsa 

SWITZERLAND: /- ' . ' . 

G rt nctahr ald '.r -.25 :■ ^50 gdod . powder 'ft*. snow- -. -2 

Good off fttsteskfing 

Lanzwhalda -30 - 50 . . fair varied worn cloud -. -4 

. J Good skBng available '. , 

St Moritz -• 45 55 . good .powtterfttr snow' " -7 

New srow on tmd basa 

VeiWer 40 9D .ter lair poor snow. . . - -2 

Worn patehes on tow slopes • 

Wengan 30 50 -fair - powder fair snow -2 

New snow on good base 

In the above reports, svppfied by representatives of foe Ski .Chib of Great 

Britain, L refers fro lower stapes and U to upper efapes and art to artificial. 

Other snow reports page 24. . , 

Temperatures to mkiday jtatavday; c, doudjf, 

C F V .CP 

555L__ B-7 A6 

Bbrntoghew MM . : hwanwaa - c-1-34 
Btadtpod 12 36 toraoy a 7 45 

Sriatn a 4. 39 London . c 3 37 
CtodM 1 3 37 Maacbaatto a 2 38 
EtSntaaW c -1 30 W au weBO e air 0 32 
Gtasgow t -4 28 ItoB to dan fa y f .8 37 

81 4 39 . ninny pm 

- 3 37 

• - .4 39 bright 

- 3 37 bright. 

- 4.- 39 sunny 

- - 6 41 •. 

- 4 S3 suraiv 

- S 41 aieiny . 

- 4 30 sunny 

- 4 39 gunny . 

• - .5 41- guny- - 

- 5^41 aunty 
-' 8 43 sunny’ 

• • • - 8 43 any ’ 

7 45 britftt . 

• - 7 46 sunny sn 
7.45 fenny am 

jtosay - 9.1 81 8 48 surniy 

WESTCOAST 52 ■ JM B 48 SS ?” 

S 255 ? - " 8 48 

Wmc o m ba 33% 

Twby 68 at 

ssssr a- ; 

Homcantoa 39 - 

Doogtaa 28 81- 
L«fon(Cbe 18 JM 
28 - 
48 - 

. . 28 -W 

tetatefe y _ 2S M 
B'pogl(Afrpt) as - 
Uaocbauar 4.1 .- 

jtoa ta tibw 28 . - 

SK 14 ” & 


Ea fatalym ut r 38 86 
Pmattck 22 -82 
’ 2.1 82 
J** - - .U 

Wnn iBaae - - 

Utwck - 0J 

WlQk -m -n 

KWo» 12 - 

jP »ta«n ' - 81 

S ^frndmwe 
Eritaborgh 08 .IS 

is .10 

9 M Ctaudy 
8 43 am 

"4 setttfbn 
o. set >5j ... 


4 'as-anMHto' 
.2 W utgmni 
5. 44 sung 
6 «t britftt- • 
•e ; .4» Briflw.-- 
,8 37-feSnym 
:« 39 naawan 

j ax txtBK 


-3 zr««y«n 

3 37 ckw* 

3 37 nor 


• SCfeVlM 

4 3a-t*igK - 


-to fl pm, 12 Hr. Bar. moan i 

1.000 m B fc ar a -a .631n. 


Highest and lowest 

ouwMDKBosnorRqSear. ^"^* l 

Prun ed and published by Tunes 
n Bo* 7. 300. 

in fond. London. WCIX 8EZ, 
Tdyh onc Ql-337 1234. 
■■ Tttastta yjyuwry 7 |98ft 

as a newspaper ei ^ 

. B«»AY:o,ctaudid.ddEzta;r. 
C F 
c 8 48 
r IB 64 
« 18 84 

» 15 88 UoMta 

mSST^-I 14 5T .KS 
*19 88 

a Z7 81 

1 13 84 

iar- ; fg 
»sg- -iw aasgj 

5“*9* « 3 37 J 

O a Htamu t - f 8 46 
gnw ia te ■ c -Z 38 

Cairn . 

^4 in . *2*75 _ 

flisse . l 
c .18.8* Madrid 

fcta fg. fes r, min; a, aurc an, an 

M tag? l£§ 

:?i tts? ill 

IS ;|f: 

3 jtowmat an -9 ifr 

1 37 2SS* -a 18 

^ vf Mlftllili an ft 32 

^ S *Utoabl * 27 et 

is! S’*- j" 4 ® 

l»| -tt-- 7 - ilf 

( SI 70 . Mdna 

UIS Si:. y : !?« 

•i'S Ills. 

;-0 32~ nmai all Sr 

c 28 77_ 

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