Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats



Pivotal rok 

Times Profile of 
Sir John Cackney; " 
Twelve good men 

Just the jobs 

appointments - . 

Indoor tennis 

WCT men’s . doubles 
tournament from ; . 
the Albert Hall ' 

Today's limes ToiffbSoh 
competition prize - is £4,000, 
double the . asaal .whomtt^ 
because no-one^ iron yes ter&ty. 
portfolio list, page I6c how, fe' 
play, informfltioa semce, back 


cash cut 

Some benefits paid to students 
during holidays are 'being 
withdrawn, bnt almost' half of 
the £40 million to £45 : million 
saved will be returned in bigger 
grants for ubdergraduates living 
away, .from home, under pro- 
posals'- announced '.tip.. 'the 
Government;'.' • ■ 

: .. u ;. -OPagea 

Parkinson post 

Mr Cecil Parkinson, the former 
Cabinet Ministor, hasbecome 
<*airmmidta-tnist- which aims 
fo help to 'rehabflitate harper 
drug addictsback intfrfoefotys .. 

; "• 7 " : By Judith Huntley 

; The Anglo-European ponsor-. Sir Ray 
Jttnp fighung &r a dianw to ^esiaanc 
fescue. .. Wq sfland hffirapiers offshore s 
yesterday' improved its offer to if it accep 
£75 irnUion, ■■■and, .deeded 46 offer. 7 ’- 

sending 1 .-‘detaite dnbctly to 
shareholder'- . T; LV 

Sir jRaympud chief 

executive^ ofBrittSfc Aerospace, 
; who.;is- leading; the/Europcan 
^consortium, accused Sir John 

Coctoey, the' / ehatrman of 
Westland, o£. terrorizing his 
shareholders into accepting the 
rival $iltorsky-Hat bid. . 

Sir Raymond arid that the 
improved European offer was 
better than that of Sikorsky- 

Sir Raymond mid last night: 
'‘Westland will become an 
oflB&ora subsidiazy of Sikorsky, 
if it accepts the Us and Italian 
offer. 7 *- 

Technology transfer between 
the two would be one way Only, 
to the United States, and the 
European consortium, made up 
of GtC and British Aerospace 
acting together, - A gusta of Italy, 
MBB-of; West" Germany and 
Aerospatiale of France, could 
-o£fer . : the; best ■' design and 
manufacturing work to .Wes* 
tland, be sajdL 

- Westland has been told by 
ihe consortium that three key 
'European s prefects will save n 

Lending surge 
...p uts pressure 
base rates 

■i v 1 Bi^lSttvid Smith, Economics Correspondent 
:‘rA v£2. 1 .bffl|6n rise in bank were distorted by the unwinding 

• ,^K- •' •• *'ih. 
. .. 

...\ V- 

f ■ 

' r ; - 


M Auroux and Mr Ridley before yesterday's meeting in Paris on the cross-Channel link 

wiuentnet himfost flight; lakes 
exception to that view. It . is 
reipjwtibgsbarehoidere; at. the 
January L 14 meeting: to ; vote 
-*gaiifct^otiotfo.;iwo' and: three, 
winch would ; approve ' .the 
Sikc&sty-Hat arad,"but to Mxept 
motkpi i one, .vduch wotrid agree 
to aoapstal rceonstruction. 

The Syrians .rq^ortedly 

at Israeli feomiteisatttc^ 
expressed OTTpriseM tiw‘ 


Efforts to fine ...fonrr French 
hostages in .Lebanon- tie 1 ;at .a 
decisive pbas^ ah offiqalin 
Paris said amid reports , feat a 
qxaal French; euvoy was ia 
Damascus. '• '/ 

. Texas mitr j ^ 

Tbe Prince of Wales wffl 
^ Texas for fire, days from 
. February 17 to celebrtte-ithe 
: stated 150th annirorsary^ Vm 
his wife wjQ not- acomupauf 
him. The Prince Win. rint 
“ Dallas, Houston, Austin- and 
s San Antonio* and tbes go for. 

California for a dinner-dance 
‘ given - by .-file.- 1'US 

Ambassador to 1- - Britain, Mr 
. Walter Annenberg. > 

Tito wrangle 

Yugoslavia, has riish'ed through 
Parliament legislation national- 
izing the-; tete^fterideirf^Rttfs 
estate to block’ legal action . 
his widow claiming cars, jewel-: 
ty. pai ntings and vhfeyanto v-_ 

• " r E«fe7 

Mines cleared: 

Thousands of black 'Sfoirtfc 
African miners dismissed for 
going on striker were forced; on 
to buses and' driven away from. 
platinum mines ih Bopbatais- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, told thef Nigerian 
Foreign Minister, Profeswr 
Bolaji Akinyemi, -thaL: British 

creditors were coucerned about. 
Nigeria’s debt-repayment inten- 
tions •• - . Pages 

British Aerospace, he aid it was 
M not a possibility at this time”. 
GEC owns just under 1 per cent 

Sir John received a lukewarm 
response from. British Aeros- 
pace and other members of the 
consortium: some months ago 
when he approached - them 
about, a. rescue deal, Sir 
Raymond admitted this but 
commented; “We must mot let 
emotion, overide a -commercial 
package. The only alternative 
left to us is to app«sal directly to 
shareholdeis : and improve an 
itio'etffer?’, . 

TJoydS Merchant Bank, 
Is. vetmg; for the Euro- 
has been * lobbying 
fjf institutional' share-, 
’holders to obtain , a postpone- 
frterii of the January 14 meeting; 
Mr David. Horae, its managing 
director,, said that he was 
; Veasoiriably encouraged by their 
response. ’ ' 


Channel link 
nears final 

< From Diana. Geddes 

The chances for the con- 
sfruction of a fixed cross-Chan- 
nel fink moved a step closer, to 
realization yesterday after what 
was described as a “useful and 
friendly" meeting in Paris 
between the transport ministers 
of Britain and France,. Mr 
Nkhohis Ridley and. M Jean 

- Na fom decision was taken 
an niiy one par&nhr' project _ 
lint |f was agreed that 8« -two 
ministers Should meet agaiw 
imr- tbe Jiext few .’■-days, 
probably in . London at the 
weekend, to try to reach a fi nal 
agreement before the tdficaal. 
annonncemect of- tbe two 
Governments’ choice by Presi- 
dent Mitterrand and Mrs 
Thatcher in Lille on January 

Neither side was willing to 
make any comment on the 
progress of the talks which 
lasted more than four hoars - 
over an hour longer than 
expected. Bnt informed sources 
indicated that it had been a 
productive meeting 

iso project had either been 
ruled out or chosen, the sources 
said, .. without indicating 
whether there had nevertheless 
been a leaning toward one 
particular project. Neither 
government has yet adopted a 
firm position and there had 
been no clash between the two 
sides. Both had rather been 
“edging forward together" 
towards a consensus on die best 
choice for both countries. 

Yesterday’s meeting ap- 
peared to rale out any possi- 
bility of the fixed link not 
getting the political go-ahead. 
Mr Ridley had raised donbts 
about the project’s future last 
month when he suggested that 
none of the main contenders 
might be acceptable to. the two 

Europe seen as key 
to isolating Gadaffi 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Before President Reagan's 
announcement last night of his 
Administration’s measures 
against Libya, officials were 
working out the damage add- 
itional US sanctions would 
impose on Libya .and hoW 
Western Europe could help in 
isolating Colonel M uamm ar 

The - A dminis tration • has 
promised “immediate and 
comprehensive 1 ' sanctions 
-against Libya, but realizes it has 
only limited economic leverage, 
as trade has already been 
sharply reduced over the past 
five years. The effectiveness of 
US sanctions is also lessened as 
long as the West European allies 
continue trading with Libya. 

Before his televised ■ press 
conference, the first for , four 
months. President Reagan 
made it clear that he intended 
to “keep his military muscle 
flexed.” He told aides on 
Monday he wanted to make 
Colonel Gadaffi go to sleep 
every, night unsure about 
possible US military action 
-against Libya. 

The naval units now patrol- 
ling the Mediterranean are part 
of this psychological intimi- 
dation. The' manoeuvres are 
seen here now more as a lactic 

US farm minister quits 

Washington - Mr John 
Block, the US Agriculture 
Secretary, resigned yesterday in 
a move that surprised his 
supporters and even bis own 
son running his farm in Illinois' 
(Michael Binyon writes). 

His departure, which appears 
to have been encouraged by the 
White House, is the result of 
mounting pressure on him, and 
his feeling that he was not 
receiving full support from the 
President. He has presided over 
the most troubled period in US 
agriculture since the J 930s, and 

Marquis jailed as a ‘common criminal’ 

Jet crash 

Tbe pilot and navigator of an 
RAF Fhttitom jet suffered 
broken bones when they ejected 
from their crashing; aircraft in 
Yorkshire The Walden Valley 
was scaled off until the wreck- 
age was secured Page 3 

Icy grip on Britain 

Bill fears 

Feats are growing that the^ 
Building-Societies Bill, which 
will allow the societies more 
freedom on lending, may not be 
- ’enacted for at least a year" . 

Bonn ‘horrors’ 

Descriptions of 1 some Boon 
ministers as "grandmasters of 
Frankenstein's cabinet • of hor- 
rors” have enlivened the West 
Ge rman political scene bnt may 

haws gone, too fer Page? 

Snow and -floods 

blocked' many , roads in Britain 
yesterday, and weather , experts 
say that most oftiie country will 
stay in thegjipof icy conditions 
today. • • J-.-' . s. . 

Worst conditions ■; ^-were in . 
Wales where strong winds 
formed the show into high, drifts 

which Hocked mountain reads 

and . dosed more ■ than 200 
schools. . 

. . Jn Devon hours of torrential 
rain flooded roads when rivers 
burst their bankas ' 

• Forecast: More .sleet- and 
snow over Wales and central i 
England,' spreading to East 
Anglia and London -later in the 
day. - ... Details, backpage | 

The Marquis of Blandford, 
heir to. .a £50 million fortune 
was yesterday •. branded a “com- 
mon criminal” and jailed for' 
three months. 1 

Mr Eric Crowther the magis- 
trate at Horseferry Road court, 
London, through the illegal 
talcing of drugs, you, one of the 
richest and most powerful men 
in the land, have become a 
common criminal. 

Tbe 30-year-old soti of the 
Duke of Marlborough and heir 
to the Blenheim Palace estate, 
was jailed for breach of a 
probation order made last 

• Mr Crowther said; “If it 
prevents some young person 
this evening from putting 
money into the hands of a 
blood-sucking drug supplier, 
some good will have come out 
of this tragedy, but you have got 

■to be treated like everybody else 
who has. broken a .probation 

Earlier the magistrate rejected 
recommendations by tiie de- 
fence and probation officer, Mrs 
Jane Maclndoe, to defer- sen- 
tence for six months for 
Blanford to continue treatment 
at a drugs clinic. 

Mrs Maclndoe said that 
although Blandford had not 
kept some appointments with, 
her and had not seen her since 
October, he telephoned several 
times, but refused to say where 
he was living; 

“I had certain suggestions to 
make .which he did not wish to 
follow”, Mrs Maclndoe said. “I 
have tried to find him aplace in 
a clinic but be said -he felt very 
well and did not want to go.” 

Mr Montague Sherborne, for 
ibe. defence, said: “This defend- 

Married women get EEC support on invalid care 

.. By Nicholas Timmins 

• The Enroifean Commiasftm 
lias backed the‘right of mmTied 
women who care for a disabled 
mother ‘ to' recefve an invalid 
care allowance in a- test case 
that has for re afli i ng hnpK- 
rmtfnaa for the Govammarf’s 
community care, policy, and 
could add at teast £8S miHwn a 
year to ofonrity spend- 
ing. •- •_ . 

■ The remmissfcm argues that 
Britain’s refissal to pay*th* £23 
a ’week allowance to married, 
mnmea breaches its dircctive on 

equal treatment, as foM who 

jjSre op work fm someone who 

- is diadded . qnalify for the 

- The fottish SodOl Security 
; "Appeal Trflnmal has already 

rated that tint the policy 
‘ breaches foe EEC directive. 
The final stage of the case is to 
, he heard at the European Court . 
' of JUStice in Laxembow^ on 
January 22. - 

. The- Department, of. Health 
and Social Secnrity said yester- 
day that, , if it >s«, . an. 
estimated 70,000 -to 76JQ00 

married women would qualify 
for the weekly payment and an : 
' sdditimnl ‘ '9i»fl00 ' Bkarried 

women may get some extra 

■ The case is being brought by 
Mrs Jacqueline Drake, aged 
-42; of . Worsley, Manchester, 
who gave up her job in June 
15184 to care for. her . severely 
ffteahktl mother. If she were a . 
m«a she wqnM qualify for the 
1 care allowance, hot the rolea 
stipulate that because she fo 
married and'- lives 1 with her 
husband' she cannot qualify. 

Mrs Drake gave up work as 
a school crosstogr patxpl officer 
.and cleaner, to care for both her 
father, who has Since died, and 
her mentally -disabled mother* 

: .. - 

. ' In its comments to the court 

on the case, the coUnniss ion 
says part of the argument 
against the benefit being:, 
covered by- the equal treatment ' 
directive is that it is paid to the 
carer, not the- invalid. Bnt it 
warns that if that argument is 
upheld it “would open the door 
to the possibility, of widespread 
formal modification of existing 

benefits cowed by the direc- 
tive,' so as to .toko them oat of 
its scoped 

Mr Roger Smith, solicitor to 1 
the ‘ Chad Poverty Action 
Group, whidt Is backing Mrs 
Drake's case, said that if she 

wins “it should make it easier 
' for tianied women to care for 
disabled relatives at home”. 

; “There is widespread agree- 
ment that people, should come 
oat of institutions and be cared 
for at home, 

“Tbe Government has a 
legal and moral obligation to 
pay the allowance, but while it 
■wtH add at least £85 million to 
the social security budget it 
; may well east much less than 
tfot overall because there - will 
be savings' on the high cost of 
caring for people in 
institutions”, Mr Smith said. 

4eadfo?^t''nionth continued to 
"pat upward pressure on interest 
rates in ,4be London money 
markets yenerday. 

■[-. The pound again was gener- 
y soft The sterling index fell 
to its lowest level for eight 
months, slipping by 0.4 to 77.S- 

A gainst the dollar, the pound 
dropped a third of a cent to 
S1.438S, later trading in New 
York at 51.4400. 

The pound was weakest 
against the European cur- 
rencies, dropping briefly to 
DM3.49 against the German 
mark, before settling . at 
DM3.5122, a 146 pfennig foil on 
the day. 

The provisional money sup- 
ply figures for banking in 
December showed a rise in the 
sterling M3 measure of money 

has been attacked in Congress 
over the cost of form pro- 
grammes and the way they have 
been run. 

Mr Block appears to have 
been torn in his loyalties as the 
Administration resisted pleas 
for emergency form aid and 
pressed ahead with steps to cut 

Last month saw the passing 
of a controversial Bill that 
offered incentives for exports 
but reduced long-standing 
government price support for 
grain and other commodities. 

of a discrepancy which boosted 
sterling M3 by £1 billion in 
November. This partly un- 
wound last month, cutting 
money supply growth by £400 

Public, borrowing was greater 
than sales of government debt 
by £200 million, and the money 
supply was expanded by this 
amount as a result 

The 0.5-0.75 per cent Dec- 
ember increase puts sterling M? 
growth over 12 months at tf 
per cent, up from 14.4 per cen: 
in November. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the Chan- 
cellor. discarded the targe: 
growth rate for sterling M3 ol 
5-9 per cent in October, when it 
became clear that it was going 
to be missed. 

Mr Lawson's favoured 

of 0.5-0.75 per cent. This was money target, narrow monej 
slightly better than, the market MO, rose 0.25-0.5 percent, anc 

had expected, and produced a 
small recovery in government 

But this quickly faded when 
it became known that the 
figures included a- £2. 1 billion 
rise in bank lending during the 

is just 225 per cent up on a yeai 
ago. The target range is 3-7 pci 
cent, but the Bank of Englanc 
warned that the latest 1 2-monil 
figure is artificially distonec 

Money market interest rale 

month. This, after a £1.9 billion rose 'g per cent yesterday. Th 
November rise, suggests that three-month interbank rate ros 
bank lending, far from being to more than 12 per cent and 
restrained by high real interest unless rates subside, the hig! 

rates, is accelerating. 

Figures from the London and 
Scottish clearing banks showed 
lending up in most categories. 

street banks will have nc optic 
but to push up base rates fror 
the current 1 1 .5 per cent level. 
Although even a small rise if 

and particularly to farmers and bank base rates would produc 

personal customers. 

an outcry from the Confeder 

purchase finance rose an unad- ation of British Industry, th 
justed £128 million and credit Chancellor is unlikely to an 

card use by nearly £100 million. 

Over the next three months, 
bank lending to companies is 

empt to resist market pressur 
for an increase. 

The last lime this wa- 

to threaten Colonel Gadaffi 
than as preparations for a 
military strike, whh seems 
increasingly unlikely. 

The Administration has been 
under pressure to produce hard 
evidence of Libya’s involve- 
ment with terrorism and even 
before Mr Reagan's announce- 
ment officials were considering 
the release of classified aerial 
photographs showing the team- 
ing camps. The State Depart- 
ment described Colonel Gadaf- 
fi’s denial of these camps' 
existence as “really incredible 
mid patently false,” and US 
intelligence says that up to IS 
have been set up to train 
Palestinian guerrillas. 

Already some recriminations 
have broken out here over why 
the US appears to have missed 
the opportunity for swift mili- 
tary retaliation against Libya. 
Mr Reagan was on holiday in 
California during the airport 
attacks. In their review of 
military ptions. Pentagon plan- 
ners pointed out to him the 
difficulty of pinpointing the 
right targets that did not 
involve civilian casualties, but 
the President apparently gave 
them little guidance on bis 

expected to be strong. Firms attempted, in January last year 

have an added incentive to 
borrow to invest before the 

foreign exchange dealers seizcc 
the opportunity to sell the 

1985/86 capital allowances are pound, pushing it down almost 

phased out on April 5. 

The money supply figures 

to parity with the dollar. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 17 

Canon pulls out of 
Football League 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The- Football League are to 
lose the financial support of the 
biggest sponsors in British 
sporting history. Canon (UK) 
Limited, the manufacturers of 
cameras and business equip- 
ment, are not to renew a 
contract worth £3.3 million 
over the last three years, but the 
League claim that despite their 
ban on cigarette and alcohol 
sponsors, backers will soon be 

The game's tarnished image, 
which was deeply scarred by the 
tragedies at Bradford and 
Brussels, was suggested as the 
principle reason behind 
Canon's decision, which sur- 
prised League officials. The 
company’s representative 
equally rapidly rejected the 

Martin Walker, tbe head of 
public relations, said: “If we 
were starting again to look for a 
sponsorship deal we would go 
for the league once more. Three 

years ago we wanted to increase 
the public’s awareness of 
Canon. Our marketing figure 
was 17 per cent. It is now 79 per 
cent. We have, therefore, 
achieved our initial aim. 

The camaig has been “stagge- 
ringly successful.” according to 
Barry Gill, representing CSS 
Promotions Limited, the firm 
appointed by the League in 
1 982 to find a sponsor. 

Apart from rewarding the 
teams that finished at the top of 
each division. Canon offered 
prizes for the clubs that scored 
ihe most goals, that had the 
most loyal supporters and that 
proided the best facilities for 
families. Their financial assist- 
ance at the grass-roots level is to 
continue. , . 

The League, who nave 
already received two “tenta- 
tive” approaches, will be seek- 
ing offers that are similar if not 

New offers to League, page 21 


ant has, in one sense, had all the 
advantages of life and in 
another sense has a very great 
disadvantage in that he has 
become, unhappily, a drug 

In that situation the problem 
is always one of willpower and 
the ability to make good his best 

Mr Sherbourue said the 
original heroin ' offence was 
Lord BlandfonTs first, drugs 

There is now a real chance 
that the process of rehabili- 
tation, and it is really going to 
be a very slow and uphill 
process, can succeed.” 

Blandford, described on. the 
charge sheet as an insurance 
broker of Draycott Place, 
Chelsea, was refused tool 
pending an appeal against 

< 0 Wf 


\> >A 


belts 1 

sco 1 . 1 j 




Social security support 
for students cut 
by up to £45m a year 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Tough restrictions on the 
payment of housing, unemploy- 
ment and supplementary bene- 
fit to students, which will cut 
£40 million to £45 million off 
the £120 million now spent on 
student support through social 
security, were announced by the 
Government yesterday. 

In return, changes in the way 
housing benefit is assessed and 
a £36-a-year increase' in the 
grant .for all undergraduates 
living 'away fi-om home wifi 
plough back between £20 
million and £25 million of the 

The proposals were criticized 
yesterday by the National 
Union of -Sutdents. which said 
that students stood to lose up to 
£200 a year from the changes. 
"In no* way is a £36-a-year 
increase in the grant compen- 
sation for that", it said. 

Since details of the changes 
were leaked just before Christ- 
mas, the union had been 
“flooded" by inquiries from 
anxious parents. “Parents are 
incensed 3bout this and we 
believe their anger will get 

through to MPs”, the union 

The proposed changes, which 
have been put to the social 
Security Advisory Committee 
for comment, include: 

• Removing students* right to 
supplementary and unemploy- 
ment benefit in the short 
vacations: at present, there are 

100.000 such claims. 

• Excluding students in halls 
of residence from housing 
benefit; at present, about 85,000 
make such claims. 

• To limit payment of housing 
benefit for accommodation 
from which students are absent 
in the long vacation; about 

50.000 students make such 
claims at a cost of more than 
£10 million. 

9 Simplification of the assess* 
ment of housing benefit so 
students are assessed once a 
year, not up to six times. 

• Restoration of the law 
covering covenants to students 
so that they include only the 
grant-aided period, not the full 


The changes are due in the 

academic year 19S&-S7, except 
for the restriction on housing 
benefit in long vacations which 
will apply from June. 

Announcing the plans, Mr 
Antony Newton, Minister for 
Social Security; said ' some 
aspects of the present system 
were "virtually indefensible”. 
Administrative costs for sup- 
plementary benefit in the short 
vacations amounted to £1 
million to pay out just over 
£500,000, with £3 million of i 
unemployment benefit in the 
same period costing £1 million 
to adminster, while £5 million 
in housing benefit to those in 
halls of residence cost £3 
million to administer. 

The sums involved for the 
students, he said, were "mostly 
very small”. 

The National Union of 
Students, however, said it 
calculated that if that policy 
were achieved students in 
I hndon could be up to £1,100 a 
year out of pocket, and students 
outside London, living away 
from home, £800 a year worse 

Divided teachers in Plea to end 
meeting with Acas 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Teachers' unions met the 
conciliation service Acas yester- 
day for preliminary talks in a 
new attempt to solve the II- 
month pay dispute, but there 
was little optimism that it 
would lead to a settlement. 

It was the first time that the 
wbole of the teachers' panel has 
met Acas during the dispute, 
although leaders of teachers 1 
unions did meet the concili- 
ation service for informal talks 
last year. 

But the biggest teachers* 
union, the National Union of 
Teachers, refused to go along 
with the others because it 
disagreed with the motion 
approved by the majority. It 
asked for, and was granted, a 
separate meeting with Acas 
yesterday to explain its differ- 
ences ofopinion. 

The split sened to highlight 
once again the divisions which 
have dogged the teachers’ side 
during lhe dispute. 

Mr Fred Smithies, general 
secretary' of the second biggest 
union, the National Association 
of Schoolmaslers/Union of 
Women Teachers, regretted the 
NUTs decision. 

He said: "It will be seen as a 
new and perhaps very signifi- 
cant emphasis on the divisions 
thai exist among the teachers' 
unions, and I think also that it 
necessarily impairs the integrity 
of the teachers’ panel.** 

The unions decided by 15 
votes to nil. with the 13 NUT 
votes abstaining, to accept 
Acas's invitation for explora- 
tory talks. The resolution added 
that the last informal offer of 
b.4 per cent, staged so that 
teachers would receive 7.5 per 
cent by the end of next March, 
was not enough. 

It also said that the refusal of 
the Government to provide 
additional funds remained a 
crucial obstacle. Finally, the 
teachers' panel called for further 
talks with the local authority 
employers to continue where 
they left off on December 17. 

Today the employers are due 
to meet separately to discuss the 
Acas move, and are thought 
likely to meet the conciliation 
service this aftenoon. If Acas 
feels there is scope for progress, 
it will hold further talks with 
both sides. 

Mr Fred Jarvis. NUT general 
secretary, explained that his 
union attached great import- 
ance to its four principles as a 
basis for a settlement, particu- 
larly the demand that em- 
ployers commit themselves to 
restoring 1974 pay levels. 

This was why it wanted to see 
Acas separately, although Mr 
Jarvis was sceptical that the 
conciliation service could do 

Mr Smithies was not as 
pessimistic. He said; “Parents 
and pupils are desperate, and 
we would be in default of our 
serious responsibilities if we did 
not try every means - at our 
disposal to find some way out of 
action which is rapidly ap- 
proaching its anniversary.** 

Mr David Hart, general 
secretary of the National As- 
sociation of Headteachers, said 
that going to Acas was the only 
option open. "I am not very 
optimistic, but Acas have 
performed miracles in the past,” 
he said 

Mrs Nikki Harrison, leader of 
the employers’ side, issued a. 
statement to say that the 
teachers' decision was an 
encouraging sign. 

strikes in 

By Ronald Faux 

The Government has ap- 
pealed to teachers in Scotland 
to join negotiations to end their 
campaign of strikes. 

A letter from Mr George 
Younger. Secretary of State for 
Scotland, was delivered yester- 
day to the Edocational Institute 
of Scotland, the largest teach- 
ers' Union, as 730 inti tote 
members were preparing to 
resume their campaign with 
two day' of strikes. 

The union expects that 35 
schools will close today and 
tomorrow, affecting 15,000 
pupils in the most disruptive 
start to a new term since strike 
action began. 

In his letter. Mr Younger 
said that the Government had 
made substantial resources 
available to give- teachers a 
significant shift upwards in the 
public sector pay league. The 
cash offer of £125 million over 
four years would give teachers, 
by 1990 an average of £1.000 a 
year more than the level they 
wonid expect to reach through 
normal annual increases. 

■ The appeal will be con- 
sidered by the "inner cabinet” 
of the EIS later this week, but 
teachers' leaders saw the 
documents as a formal rejection 
of proposals made three 
months ago. 

Mr Fred Forrester, organiz- 
ing secretary of the EIS, said 
that Mr Younger has made no 
concession to warrant an end to 
the strike. 

"If the negotiations he was 
offering were without strings 
we would be there tomorrow. 
Sadly he is still insisting on a 
complete renegotiation of a 
teacher's condition of service.” 

Letters, page 13 

Mr Dnncan Mackay, deputy secretary of the Open 
Spaces Society, showing the plans for an office 
development on - Horsell Common, near Woking 
(Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Developers seen as 
‘Martian invaders’ 

By Hugh Clayton 

The first time Horsell 
Common near Woking in 
Surrey, saw Martian invaders of 
the Earth was in the H. G- 
Wells' 1898 classic The Mar c ' 
the Worlds. 

"Tjhe common round the 
sandpits was dotted with people 
standing like myself in a half- 
fascinated terror." he wrote. 

That is just how opponents of 
a development planned for the 
fringe of the common by 
Beacontree Estates of Maiden- 
head now see themselves. 

Mr Duncan Mackay, deputy 
secretary of the Open Spaces 
Society, likened to 
invaders from Mara. 

The company was aggrieved 
at the opposition voiced at a 
public inquiry yesterday into a 
scheme that includes cleaning 
up a derelict bank of the 
Basingstoke canal, replacing an 
ugly factory with new high-tech 
office accommodation, and 
using less than one of the 700 
acres Of common for a car park. 

Opponents of the develop- 
ment demanded its rejection 
because its car park will be built 
on a small piece of common 

SDP woos 
first TUC 

Mr John Lyons, general 
secretary of the Engineers’ and 
Managers’ Association, has 
become the first member of the 
TUC general council oi join the 
Social Democratic Parly. 

A former Labour party 
member. Mr Lyons said last 
night that his decision was 
"personal and private" and 
would have no impact on cither 
ihe union or his work within the 

The association, which rep- 
resents senior and middle 
management in energy and 
other public industries, is a non- 
political body. 


The estimate Tor Britain's 1984 
i heese production in our report on 
December 17 should have read 246 
miUioakfi. na*4onnes. 

Strike halts 
ferry routes 

Ferry services from Dublin 
to Britain were disrupted 
yesterday by strikes against a 
job-cutting plan to reorganize 
Irish Sea routes. 

Sealink crossings between 
Dun Laoghaire, near Dublin, 
and Holyhead, In Anglesey, 
were halted on Monday night 
by a strike involving the 
National Union of Seamen. 

Early yesterday a ferry 
operated by the Dublin-based 
B+I Line, from Dublin to 
Liverpool was cancelled after 
protest action by the Seamen's 
Union of Ireland. Several hours 
of talking failed to resolve the 

B+l services between Holy- 
head and Dublin and Liverpool 
and Dublin as well as Sealink ’s 
Holyhead Dnn' Laoghaire 
route have been suspended 
until further notice, a Sealink 
spokesman said later. 

Change in legal code on 
interrogation urged 

Legal codes 

which prevent suspects in 
criminal cases being further 
questioned after they have been 
charged should be redrafted to 
exclude Official secrets cases, 
the inquiry into the Cyprus spy 
trial investigation was told 

Mr Robin Grey. QC, coun: el 
for the RAF investigators who 
interrogated the young service- 
men acquitted in the Cyprus 
secrets trial last October, said 
the change would acknowledge 
the importance of national 
security questions and allow 
investigators to continue to 
interrogate suspects after they 
were charged. 

Mr Grey said such a redraft- 
ing would make redundant the 
practice of a "spurious", unre- 
lated- holding charge being 
brought against a suspect in 
order that he could be detained 
for further questioning on other, 

By Gregory Neale 

of procedure possibly more serious, matters. 

At the trial at the Central 
Criminal Court, the eight 
servicemen acquitted of espion- 
age charges said they had given 
false confessions under the 
strain of harsh interrogation. 
The inquiry has also been told 
that some of those detained 
were not informed of their 
rights to terminate interviews 
during their questioning. 

Mr Grey, who was giving his 
closing submission to the 
inquiry, said that the interrog- 
ators, members of the RAF 
Provosts and security services, 
had behaved with great care. 

“This was not a beastly team 
of interrogators. The investi- 
gators had received regular Legal 
advice and kepi superior offic- 
ers constantly informed of 
developments.” he said. 

The inquiry resumes tomor- 
row and is expected to finish on 

Council poll 6 vital test of Militant policy’ 

From Peter Davenport, Liverpool 

In an atmosphere more akin 
to a general election than a 
contest for a city council seat, 
the 12.000 electors in the Old 
Swan district of Liverpool face 
nn intense onslaught for their 
votes over the next 48 hours. 

The by-clection has been 
caused by the death in a car 
crash at the sitting Labour 
councillor. In the midst of the 
campaign by Mr Neil Kinnock 
and the leadership of the 
Labour Party against Militant 
and its influence in the city, the 
poll tomorrow has assumed a 
national significance. 

It is the first opportunity for 
the voters in Liverpool to 
register their judgement on the 
council since its leaders mort- 
gaged the city to the bankers of 
Zurich when on the brink of 
bankr uptcy^ and since the start 
of the inquiry by Labour's 
National Executive Committee 
into the affairs of the suspended 
district party. 

Labour councillors locally see 
a victory as justification of their 
hard-line stance, although it 
would be an- embarrassment to 

Mr Kinnock. The SDP-Liberal 
Alliance regards success for 
itself as the people's rejection of 
Militant and its tactics of 

Although there are four 
candidates, the by-election is in 
reality a contest between the 
Alliance Candidate, Mr Glyn 
Parry, aged 48, joint mana ging 
director of an engineering 
company and local secretary of 
the SDP, and Mrs Ann Hollin- 
shead, a part-time lecturer, who 
sit s as Labour councillor for Old 
Swan on Merseyside County 

Both camps have brought in 
national figures to bolster their 
message. Dr David Owen and 
Mr William Rodgers, for the 
Alliance and Mr Dennis Skin- 
ner, Mr Eric Heffer and Mr 
Terry Reids, a local MP, for 

Although they put it in 
different words, the two parties 
agree on what has become the * 
central issue. Mr Richard Pine, 
the Liberals’ deputy leader on 
the city council, who is acting as 
A 1 lian a: agent, says it u the 

influence and activities of 
Militant, while Mr George 
Lloyd, a city councillor whose 
brother Peter held the seat 
before his death in Spain, says 
the main issue raised by voters 
is support for council policy not 
to cut jobs and services, and to 
bring more resources to Liver- 

Over the weekend, according 
to the .Alliance, Militant 
brought in more than 100 
supporters from London to 
campaign for Mrs Hollinshead. 
Mr Pine alleged that one 
woman displaying a Liberal 
poster in her window was told 
to remove it "or else”- by two 
Militant canvassers. 

The by-election is the first to 
be fought in Liverpool under a 
concordat between the liberals 
and SDP to end a period of 
discord in which they frequently 
campaigned against each other. 

Mr Pine said yesterday: "In 
the last few days the issue has 
narrowed solely to that of 
Militant We 'are confident we 
are going to win and that will 
show just what the people think 


of the organization and its 

For Mr Lloyd the message of 
victory is clean "It will be a 
vindication of the city council 
and it will be saying to the High 
Court that it is up to local 
people (o determine what their 
councillors should do. 

"It will also be a message to 
Mr Kinnock that he should 
change his attack from the good 
socialists of this city to the 

Yesterday, the Alliance said 
that its returns indicated it 
would achieve 44 per cent of the 
vote with 40 per cent for 
Labour, which says its returns 
indicated it would receive 
something over 50 per cent. 

The remaining two candi- 
dates are Mr Alan Wilson, 
Conservative, and Mr Keith 
McCulloch, official Indepen- 
dent liberal The pqQs dose at 
9pm and the result is expected 
about 90 minutes later. 

Sony makes 
switch into 

By Our Technology 
Sony, the Japanese elec- 
tronics company, has launched 
its first microcomputer with the 
aim of capturing i per cent of 
the market in the first year. 

Selling the business machine, 
which will cost between £2,000 
and £3,000. is an important 
departure for the company. 
Only about 25 per cent of Sony 
UK revenue comes from non- 
geperaJ consumer products. 

A 1 new network of 30 
computer dealerships will spear- 
head the Sony marketing drive 
for the machine which comes in 
three models, a. desk top 
microcomputer, a portable and 
a wordpxocessor. This year 
250.000 personal microcom- 
puter systems are expected to be 
sold from all sources in the 
United Kingdom. 

The A com /BBC partnership 
yesterday launched a new BBC 
microcomputer .which will be 
directed principally at the 
educational field or the lower 
end of the business market. 
IBM will soon follow suit with a 
model which is an advance on 
its successful Personal - Com- 
puter (PC). The IBM newcomer 
is expected to set the pace in the 

police cleared 

The Police Complaints Auth- 
ority has dismissed two com- 

S lain is made by Mr Anthony 
/esion, aged 41, husband of 
Janice Weston, the solicitor 
found beaten to death by an 
unknown assailant, in a lay-by 
on the A1 at Huntingdon, 
Cambridgeshire, in September 

Mr Weston alleged that he 
was improperly treated .during 
55 hours in custody, and that, 
intense media attention on. tile 
case was fuelled by Cambridge-, 
shire police. The authority said 
yesterday that a thorough 
investigation could; not substan- 
tiate the jfonsplainta. / . ' 

A. ’ 

The strength of oppostition 
has turned the case into a key 
test of the Government's 
determination not to let conser- 
vation hamper the growth of; 
new industries. 

Mr Christopher Webb, who 
spoke for the Horsell Common 
Preservation Society, at the 
inquiry said afterwards "We are 
not prepared to give up any 
common land under any cir- 
cum stances- 

“The developers will be 
talcing public access common 
land merely for the private gain 
of themselves and their clients,” 
Mr Mackay said. 

The company had to make 
three planning applications each 
under a different Act One was 
for the building, another to 
encroach on the common, and 
the third to build near a 
prehistoric burial mound. 

Mr Robert Waters, the 
company's architect, said that 
the scheme, which includes new 
access roads, would protect the 
mound, improve road safety 
and replace "an eyesore” with a 
gabled brick building. 

to separate 
deal at 
the Post 

By Barrie Gement . 

. Labour Reporter 

. Mr Harry Conroy, general 

secretary of the National Union 
of Journalists, said yesterday 
be would, be prepared to 
consider an agreement with 
Npvrs International for The., 
'landau Post ; separately from 
tile production unions, although 
he . thought such a . deal 

He! added that he did not 
believe the company would 

drop its unacceptable 'demand 
for a legally-binding, no-strike 
pact. He told ' a 200-strong 
meeting of NUJ members on 
The. Timer and Smutty Times 
that (he NUJ would also find It 
"very difficult" to accept a ban 
on the traditional print .unions 
at the new plant in Wapping, 

east London. ... 

The journalists* union would 
however” consider any deal 
offered to it in consultation 
with other onions and the TUC, 
he said. . 

Despite, the passing of a 
Christmas deadline ‘.for a union 
agreement to .produce the new 
paper, the company has an- 
nounced 'that it is prepared. to 
meet the NUJ and . the." elec- 
tricians' union,. . but not' the 
National Graphical 1 Associ- 
ation. Sogat or the.: Amalga- 
mated Union of Engineering 

The NUJ leader added that 
he believed The Landau-Post to 
be a . "sham” and that the 
company was not interested in 
publishing the sew - paper,.- 
News . International wanted to 
open the way for a revolutio- 
nary change in union agree- 
ments on the four existing J 
News International titles. The. 
Times, The Sunday . Times, The 
Sun and News of the World. 
The plan was to switch some dir 
all of them to the Wapping 
plant, Mr Conroy said. 

However, company sources 
said later that the Pott was 
scheduled to appear as origi- 
nally announced and there was. 
no question of ' it being .a 





By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 
Sponsorship of aH sporting. whbthcQovernntem on spons 

tising of tobacco products Sports Council and oiher spons V 
except at the point of sale would bodies for continuing aiWi r 
• also 1 be prohibited- . . ,sj®? sors ^P tobacco cbm.* - 

. The phrty policy, outlined by panics. He aid; “As there 
Mr "Frank Dobson, the Minister scents little prospect of them ' 
for Health, at a Cambridge acung responsiWy and constst- 
conference on. the politics of entiy. the next Labour Go vent- ~ 
tobacco yesterday, delighted the mcnl will prohibit the sponsor-. 

a major political party has'- middle-class, by. the middlc- 
iUed unequivocally to ban class andfor the middle-class". * : 
x» promotion' when it gets - He said: "I " am cohvuuw' 

anti-smoking lobby, but caused 
consternation within the 
tobacco industry. 

‘ Many of the nation’'* sporting 
events rely on financial support 
from tobacco firms. Betuion and 
Hedges alone provide sponsor- 
ship for angling, bowls, cricket, 
show jumping, golf horse 
racing, tennis; snooker - and 
power-boar racing. 

Mr David Simpson, director 
of 'Action .on Smoking and 
Health, said: "This is the first 

tobacco promotion' when it gets 
into government. 

"It is a huge step forward and 
n might even help force the 
present Government to take 
this inevitable step:. I do riot 
think it witt have any effect 
■ttfmsoever on sport," 

Bid Mr Tony St Aubyri. of 
the Tobacco Advisory Council, 
which represents tobacco manu- 
facturers. said the ban .would 
nbt only harm sport, especially 
minority activities. but 
ampuntd to a gross interference 
in the -rights of tobacco com-, 
panics to promote their prod- 

"It will cause consternation 


ship of sporting events 
tobacco companies-'' 

The BBC should stop shoat 
in* all events, sporting » ! 
otherwise, sponsored fry- 
tobacco companies and the 1 
presently ineffective health- 
wanting on cigarette packets ■ 
should be strengthened; Mr '■ 
Dobson said: 

He compfcriuedibat many bT : 
the existing health promotion - 
qunpaigns anned-arcombatiM- 
smoking "appear to be of the 

, . convinced 

ihat-ihcrc rt an irreversible tide 
of opiiuon against tobacco. Wc 
must work to speed up arid 
build up the tide, and to see.tbat 
it washes over i be. near as well 
as over the weK-off and Well- 
informed". ; J 

"Only public actiOaukcn by 
society as a whole an achieve 
what wc .want. individual 
initiative is riot enough and can. 
never be enough. Bui I want to 
see action against tobacco talon, 
as part of a general effort to 
make sure that everyone can 
lead healthier lives.”:.. 

■ Mr Dick TraOcy. Mfaijsfer for 
Spent arid a ikMMmofcer^ laid 

and an awful lot of upset to the. Mr Dobson's proposal* to end 

Ilik/tld kiifixjvc Ttitc- >tf- r 1 — V - - — .»■ Llm. 

whole business. This is 3 free 
market and there are enormous 
consequences to interfering with 
any market to this extent.” . 

.. There was no evidence to 
show that advertising, as cur- 
rently practised, increased the 
sale of cigarettes, encouraged 
people to smoke or prevented 
pepple from giving up. 

Tobacco companies provide 
£8V ; million out of the £120 
million sports sponsorship. The 

industry's voluntary agreement this, month 

sponsorship were nnpraetkait 

• The Labour Party is prrpar- V 
ing- to tush out a new policy 
"charter^ for rite inner dries as - 
part of its responsc-to Lastypafj . ■ 
nets. (Our political ma/opso.*. 
dent writes). • 

An initial rough draft of foe -I 
charier was circulated ~ 

benchers before Christmas and.- 
Mr Geoff Bish, the party’s ‘tf - 
director of policy development, . ' 
has applied for reactions early . V- 

The Westland crisis 

Rescue could ‘restore old glory’ f 

. By Rodney Cowton, DefenceCofTeApondeBt ..-J- - 

Acceptance by the Westland because we have been successful said: "1 am neither amazed nor . 
helicopter comany’s- . . share- together over the past 37 years”, shocked ' by what . has ■ been ; 
holders of Hie rescue package Suggestions that Sikorsky happening. It. is just 
offered by Sikorsky -and -Fiat were just interested in talcing politics. My interest in ^ f 
would a "springboard to pecov- what they could out of -Wes- .tiand is purely and simply aiffV’y 1 '': :1 
ery-and expansion’’,, and would, tiand were. "a.miUion miles- businessman.”;' ^ - 

restore Westland to its former from the truth." Z 

glory. Mr Bill Paul, vice-presi- On Monday he had spoken of ‘ 5? 1/5? JfivS -i 

dent of Sikorsky V parent th c poss&ilrty of Westland r >" ; 

company. United- Technologies contributing to American 

oF America, said yesterday Wars? •: research pro- pcrsscri suPP^ 11 tor the Am en- 

during a visit to Westland gramme: Yeittday ft Westland 
plants at Yeovil and Weston- spokesman ^tfenfiniied that the 
super-Mare. . company jjjact ; already had 

Last weekend he had nego- conversation, 'with the Amcri-- 
tiated with Westland improved can Strateghlxtefeace Initiative 

can rescue and . also had 
discussions with trade union 
repre sen tat iv es. He had lunch 
with Members of Parliament 

closely concerned with Wes- 

tenn, fbr. nsafc 25? 

which, is being offered to 'the coyid make ; 

Jerry Wjggin (Conservative, 
Weston-Super- Ware) and Mr 
Jim Spicer (Conservative, Dor- 
set West). 

Mr Paul, who was speaking 

company. ...... advanced composite materials. 

He denied that his visit was a - These could -be applied for 
“victory tour" following the structures fo.9Up$oit high-pre- 
decision of the Westland board cision mirrors, which will be 

to recommend the Sikorsky and required to reflectjhigh-powercd . .. , 

Hat offer to shareholders, laser and dtfeer beams in any before ' the' terms Of the im- 
Westiand and Sikorsky had . space-based defence system. proved European - offer were 
worked together , for years and Asked while -‘at Yeovil about known, was optimistic "that 
“people should trust us more the political Coritoversy which Westland, shareholders would 
than they trust anyone e^e .surround Westland, Mr Paul accept the Sikorsky/Rat offer. 

Nato careful 
to avoid 
taking sides 

Nato does, not want to 
aggravate Britain's, difficult 
political position orii- the" West- 
land helicopter deal, and- « 
carefully avoiding {avowing 
cither side. The interference 
yesterday rby-'-. a ..European 
Commissioner is considered to 
be reprehensible.- ; . • ' 

Mr Robin Beiard, .Nato’s 
assistant secretary general deal- 
ing with- arms cooperation 
projects, called thc-statement by 
Herr Karl-Heinz ^ Naijes, ; the 
EEC Commissioner for Indus- 
try, "highly irresponsible’’. 

Herr Naijes. although declar- 
ing that he did ridt. warip to 
interfere with marters in which 
"Nato had an active rofe”, 
warned Westland against' the 
United States offer by saying 
that Britain could be shutout of 
future European' deals:. . 

• Lord. Cockfield. the" ainior 
British EEC cbmmmissioner' in 
Brussels, yesterday denied; that 
he had been consulted' More 
Herr Naijes made his remarks. . 

• Lawyers for. Mr Michael 
Heseltine. Secretary of Stale for. 

„ ^ ^ Defence, air to, start libel 

Mr Bill Paul, senior vice-president of United 'technologies Proceedings against .The Sun 
being served tea by Mrs Lilian Young while tourini ovcr yt ? to S* y ' s 

Shareholdersi facing a triple vote 

l I III „ .« • 


* - 





.r.'-i . 




■V ; 
•Vi ’ . 

5 V 

1; : v 


Westland’s shareholders will 
meet at the Connaught rooms in 
Central London on Tuesday to 
vote bn whether the £74 millipa 
rescue package from Sikorsky-. 
Fiat recommended by then: 
board- should be accepted. ■ 
Although there . are many 
smaH shareholders, they control 
only about 2Q per cent of the 
company. The most important 
and powerful voters are ihe' 20 
financial, institutions '-which 
hold, directly or mdfreetly, close 
to- 80 per cent of the ailing 

Robert' Fleming Nominees is 
the largest ' shareholder wish 
arly. 10 per cent of the shares. 
It is-dpsely followedby M &rG 
Securities/ United. . Scientific, 
Allied Unit- Trust and the 

By Judith Huntley 
'Prudential, which together own 
between 25 and 30 per cent of 
the company. 

The January 14 extraordinary 
meeting is crucial to Westland’s 
suj^ivaL Shareholders witt- be 
asked -to vote on three resol- 
utions. V ■ . 

urions set out the details of the 
Sikcosky-Fiat rescue package 
totalling £74 million and ofler- 
. ing two- million man hours of 
work over five years. ... 

. The terms ofthe £14 j nillion 
rights issue are spelled- out for 
shareholders with a subscript ' 

. wiui ft HimCnpr -i ' J 

the first proposes the capital - 0o “ PP 06 60p. A 75 per cent 4-,. 
nxonstrucuon of the company v °te is needed fat 

by allowing it to increase^ite .these two resolutions , to be' 
borrowmg htmis, SO per bent c^ped-and Sikarsky-Kat: ■ .'f?4 ^ : 

of shareholders reject • this 0 ff”" tobcaqcejHed. 

““Pany win, be"—- 
more 1 money 

:«cdvership. wStfcod receSty 

. ttmbcr 3 ft. 1985. * . ^ 

- ^ focond ami tlimi resbl- 

ijt n v 



-L tfrX 

- ;; -v : ' 




broken in anti-heroin and cocaine operations 



By Stewart TeraUer, Ciime JReporter 

Customs investigators last MrLawrence said his depart- 
Vyear seized a record 348kg of inient had .262 officers woridng. 
heroin and 79kg of cocaine in on' drag- problems, and concen- 
operations which broke 70 drug tinting as’ much' as possible on 
.smuggling gangs, it was dis- narcotics.. . 

' 'closed yesterday. .-He added that cocaine wasa 

The figures, released by Mr matter for concern/bot thal he 
. Richard Lawrence, chief inves- . did not want to. sensationalize 
Ligations officer, are provisional the situation. There have been 

• - 'f ^ 


■t i 

- ' : 

* A - * *4- * ^ 

t '■ i „ 

- 5; ' fc < I . . 

- .7 

ii: -v. 

im ' 

r *v _:r — ■«- 

.. ... . ; .. 

•' ' V/ - 

heads trust 
giving aid 
to addicts 

By Stephen Goodwin 

Mr Cecil Parkinson, the 
former Cabinet Minister, has 
become chairman of a trust 
owning Chemical Dependency 
Centre Ltd, which aims to help 
former drug addicts to get back 
into society. 

The centre was set up last 
May and acts as a halfway 
house for people who have 
undergone treatment for drug 
addiction. It operates as an 
independent unit within St 
Mary Abbots Hospital in 
Kensington, west London. 

Mr Parkinson lists his in- 
volvement with the charity in 
the Commons Register of 

Ligations omcer, are provisional the situation. There have been • ■ . . - ■ _ - . . _ .. the Commons Register oj 

and show a rise of-1 1 per cent in- .forecasts -in recent years from -'A case- used for sm nggnng heroin to One of the lorries m which a gang brought 1,553 kg of cannabis worth £3.8 million Members’ Interests. even 
heroin and 1 25- per cent for . the United States ihat Euippc Britain from Bombay; three Britons, front the Netherlands to Britain, concealed behind false bulkheads in trailers. The though it is an unpaid activity, 
cocaine uncovered compared would see a ^dden upsurg^in anThdian and -a Pakistani were jaded gang used a motorway service area as the main distributing point. Operation . “We are trying to help people 
with 1984. cocaine abuse/ ■ for a total of27.years last February. Chessman cracked the ring, and seven men were given jail sentences who have been under treat- 

The seizures mean .that The 'American market for ~~ ‘ J 

thought be 

South American - 

with 1984. cocaine abuse/ 

The seizures mean -that The 'American market for 
overall national figures for cocaine was- thought- bo 
Customs and police' operations saturated -and' South American.-: 
against dug dealers in 1 985 mQ traffickers were •-■ looking to 
undoubtedly be the highest Europe, Mr Lawrence raid, r 
recorded. Provisional- figures for .He. added, that several. South 

Scotland Yard operations last. American. - -traffickers . were 
year show 1 5kg of heroin seized, known, to ■ be interested . in 

Taken with the Customs figure, 
the total exceeds the final figure 
of 360kg for 1984, even before 
foil figures are compiled.. 

The size of the seizures by 

Britain, there were quantities of 
the drugin Europe, .which could 
be launched at -the .Untied 
Kingdom:. . 

However, so far the maticet 


! * ^ K) \ 

Customs officers last year show s ^ cme 4. *9 restricted, by ..-its 
' that Britain remains ah import- ^gh price and cocaine had not 
ant potential market for ttaf- y et appeared generally on the 
tickers despite intensified' ef- 

. forts by the Government and - The Oistoxns figure - 7 for 
V agencies against the problem. ’ cocaine-. seizures- is hteher. -than 
, ... the total national fieure for 

ihif r th 1984, of 65kg. ScotlancTYards* 
worth an squad te a provisional 
estimated £107 million in street figure ofabout 6 kgforkst year, 
- sales, represented on^part of 


& \ 



. “We are trying to help people 
who have been under treat- 
ment, come out and are getting 
back int the foil swing of life but 
may need a bit more help in the 
initial period," he told The 

“One of the problems is that 
very often the only place such 
people can go is back where 
they came from.” 

Mr Parkinson and his follow 
trustees have secured several 
pledges of financial support 
ready for when a suitable 
building is found. 

Mr Tristan Millington -Drake, 
the centre's counsellor, said that 
once premises had been found, 
Department of Health and 
Social Security funding would 
be available. 

Two crew 
injured in 
jet crash 

The police sealed off a remote 
valley in the snow-covered 
Yorkshire Dales yesterday after 
an RAF Phantom jet crashed 
while on a low-flying exercise. 

The two crew, from RAF 
Coningsby, Lincolnshire, were 
taken by RAF helicopter to the 
Duchess of Kent Military 
Hospital, Catterick, North 
Yorkshire, after the crash at 
Walden Heath, fives miles 
south of West Burton, 

Both men ejected seconds 
before the aircraft, one of a 
flight of four, crashed in good 
visibility on a fell one mile from 
the nearest road. 

The navigator suffered two 
broken legs, head and back 
injuries and his condition was 
said to be serious but not 
critical. The pilot was comfort- 
able with a broken arm and leg. 

The police immediately set 
up a road block and allowed no 
access to the sparsely populated 
Walden Valley for several hours 
until an RAF team had secured 
the wreckage. 

Villagers said that they were 
startled by a low-flying jet 
seconds before an explosion was 
heard. “We thought it was very 
low and there was a thud and 
smoke rose”, Mrs Mary Hartle, 
the West Burton village butcher, 

The crash renewed concern at 
the increasing volume of low- 
flying military aircraft in the 
area. Six years ago a United 
Stales Air Force Phantom 

Mr Parkinson is not to face crashed at Leal holm, on the 




breach of the Official Secrets! narrowing missing a school. 

the traffickers’ SmS? to " .- Act the office of the Direaor of 

import drugs. International co- ^ The offioe oftheorgmizer of a cannabis smuggling Cocaine concealed iwide a cau- tyre and smuggled ffirongh Do wsr ^bhc ft^uMss^yester- 

-operaton had prevented much ^ a continued high no »> ***** the dmg was found behind a false was found when a Customs officer noticed that one wheel was d«m ^Stives 

** COCame readm3g level of purity and a stable priw partrtioii.Tbemaii,wbo was given a jail sentence of and the others mnddy. Two Yugoslavs were sentenced to 10 and 8 ingSedkito a^ossiblfbSS 
_ . oh the streets, factors .which eight-years » had £200,000 in cash when arrested. jears in jail last April. More than 1.5 kg of the drug was found. after extracts of abook by Miss 

British Customs mveste- normally indicate a 'steady ' ■ ■ - 'v--- ; Sara Keays. Mr Parkinson's 

gators, operating with agencies market and considerable sup- -• 

EErgSSS S'SrS.-isai' English pair Thatcher leads crime fight 

-.ase the seizure of a kilogram of pc^Q^^ -to the -prPblcair of tiw» sought over By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

reroin in Britain had_ led to the use of Europe as a. "jumping-off . . ' - 7 _ . .. _ Mis Margaret Thatcher takes toughened up the law and the glary measures into 1 

trrest of 22 people in Britain, point” for the British market f tFPP ' fl Oils'll the l ea d today at an unpre- criminal justice system. We and buildings, Mrs 1 
he United States, the Nether- -nndfthe smwimr resnnrcefiihiess wyik Uvillll fwfonteri .Downinc Street sem- shall not hesitate to act if more said. 

Scotland Yard detectives 
inquired into a possible breach 
after extracts of a book by Miss 
Sara Keays, Mr Parkinson's 
former secretary, were pub- 
lished in The Mirror. 

In the book, A Question oj 
Judgement. Miss Keays said 

In October, a West German 
Fl-11 crashed after hitting trees 
in Northumberland, shortly 
after an RAF submission 
reported that some pilots were 
not sticking to a 250ft 
minimum ground clearance 

Morley charge 

judgement, miss tveays saia p , • 1 

that Mr Pa rkins on told her of man tor trial 

be United States, the Nether- 
lands and Pakistan. 

A total of 68 people were 

and the growing resourcefulness 
of smugglers. 

Freight was being used far 

Warrants have been issued 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher takes toughened up the law and the glary measures into products 
the lead today at an unpre- cri min al justice system. We and buildings, Mrs Thatcher 
cedented .Downing Street sem- shall not hesitate to act if more said. 

inar to intensify the drive is required as the public order nn ngiac Hurd, the Home 

against crime. legislation recently introduced on BBC radio 

information from within the 

Edward Crazier, 

CfoinM during the Falklands Park Road, Sydenhkm, 

35. of 

south-east London, was sent for 

The DPP’s office said: "There ^^eC^ai Cri^i 

■ . — . r ”* V 1 lUKUk rra> uuuk «««■«« I . I WdUUl UUUC. h^ujouuu i k vmu; “■ 

nvestigated abroad. Operations large consignments .land -Cus-' I ■ r ~, e ‘' 1Ere ?? ot- anrmgusnj xhe aim of the seminar, to be into Parliament shows. 

.■ fJ 7- _ , - 1 mimlp mntM ' snpr tnn irimm*! . ... «• n . . ■ j .1 

Deluded an investigation with toms inv^tiS-tors were study- ^9 ple killing 

he Roval Canadian Mounted ox - a man m -Greece last 

ox a man m -Greece last 
summer, am -inquest was told 

.The -inquest, at- Newcastle- 
upon-Tync,’ was' resumed into 
the ! stabbing of Mr Stephen 

1 he Royal Canadian Mounted ink methods, routes and profiles 018 ma31 , m Greece last 
iOn^ce which led to the seizure ' of the smu gg lin g operations. su ? n “ er > «r- inquest was told 
1 J l . *f 33 kg of heroinin Britain and Dover remamed a frequently X e Sl?P a y i - v 

:6 m Canada. chosen point of entry. Canna- The i mqUest, at- Newcastfo- 

Mr Lawrence said that he bis, for example, had been tqxm-T^^ was resumed mto 
- ' -toped by the end of the year to imjorted oUrSl on/off ferries. ge_st^>bmg of Mr Stephen 
lave eight officers working Cbmainers were usetfr a* well Hendereom aged 28 , who was 
broad in key areas where drugs as hollowed: « out sections in' ^ 

re produced, including four m cargo or spbc«I areas in packing fied nrer.^he- shore of Ldce 
"• te heroin “Golden CrescentP cas^. Courieis still triWI to KfShfoa^Craece.onJuly II. . 
ased on Pakistan. Another ' bring drags mto Britain con- Named ‘.on the warrants, 
fficer would work in the cealed inside their bodies. issued by the Greek police, are 

yesterday that one of the themes 
at die seminar would be 

attended by government, police, . But she said the Govern- the <J . m ,- nar wn niH be 
industry and commerce leaders, meut, the courts and the forces examining how to prevent 

wfil be to curb car, home and of law and order also needed the crimfS now ^ on ■ mQa 

workplace crime and violence. . support and dose collaboration city housing estates. 

Mis Thatcher said yesterday of the community in making J 

her intention was to make life crime more difficult- and less Mr Hurd said an example of 

workplace crime and violence. . 

Mrs Thatcher said yesterday 
her intention was to make life 

more difficult for burglars and likely to pay. 

to increase community resist- 
ance to crime. 

The Government’s initiative 
will take two main forms. One 

Caribbean, two oh cocaine 
roblems in Latin America, mid 
»ne in the Middle East, where 
here are heroin arid cannabis 


■M ca ntos 
amahs resin 



tti shares 


Xai street vaba 

348kg . 
- 79kg 
13,314 kg 
7.089 kg 
21 kg 
W tabs 
28 kg 
-1.2 kg 

1984- ' 
312 kg 
3Slqj : 
8,875 kg 
17 kg 
22 fires 
25>t3 dots 
5582 Jabs 
.20 kg 

. SJkg ; 

£191 m 

' ' ! 

oiras for 1985 are preinsinnat 19K street 
xas assumed to bo at same tavefe as 1884 

Girl sent to US 
for liver 
transplant dies 

By Tim Jones 

A South Wales valley com- 
l unity was in mourning y ester- 

. . - . /■ 

■ • 

Mr iAwrance . yesterday 
giving the dn^s fignres 

Named . ‘.on the warrants, ft was need 
issued by the Greek police, are ment has 
Philip Portington, aged 35, bom police forces 
infSandxacre, Derbyshire, and foil backing 
Beverly Gadd, aged about 26, 
from Notti ti^iamshire. They c 

me currently believed to be 1 * 1 T 

somewhere Jin southern Europe . V-l AU 
wifo tws) boys 1 aged four' and 


. The warrants, are for the 
arrest of the couple -for “inten- 
tional manslaughter with mal- 
ice”, and for carrying and using ^ 

weapons. . . . 

r The coupk allegedly using fielKrtli-e 
&lse names and passports, and 
the children crossed foe Yugos- ? 

la via. border hours before the 
discovery of foe body of Mr 1Iie 
Henderson, of Trevelyan Court, 

Longbenton, Newcastle. • 

.; Mr Patrick Cuff, foe cornon- 
er, ,- adjonrned the' inquest until 
^ifrii 3/ •; - : ;Cr- • 

. She said the Government was is. foe encouragement of corn- 
ready to provide more action 1 if m unity action, like neighbour- 
it was needed. “The Govern- hood watch schemes, with 
ment has strengthened dur. about 7.700 already in oper- 
police forces and given them its ation. The other is by building 
full backing. We have also more anti-theft and anti-bur- 

Crime prevention move 
to provide 600 jobs 

By Rupert Morris 

A crime p revention initiative union rates to provide practical 

is no evidence available which I 
could support prosecution.” 

New call to I 
cut ‘drink 
drive’ limit 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Another call for tougher 
government action on drinking 
and .driving offenders, and 
changes in national policies on 
alcohol, was made at a meeting 
of doctors, health and social 
workers last night. 

Court on bail of £2,000 by 
magistrates at Marlborough 
Street yesterday, accused of 
trying to blackmail Mr Eric 
Morley, husband of the Miss 
World organizer. 

Mr Crozier, a nephew of Mrs 
Julia Morley and a former 
personal assistant to foe Mor- 
leys. was charged with demand- 
ing £ 20.000 with menaces on or 
before June 1 last year. 

Historic ferry 
owner fined * 

Alan Pearson, aged 42, the 
operator of a hand-hauled ferry 
on the Wye from his hotel at 
Syroonds Yat East, Hereford 

which will provide up to 600 
jobs was launched yesterday in 
foe North-east, where one in 
five of foe workforce is 

Gut duty on lead-free 
petrol, car agents say 

By diffOrd Webb, Motoring Correspondent ’ 

The Govemmet is consider- year- and Iras asked foe- petrol 
ing a 16p-a-gaDon rent in excise companies; car manufacturers, 
duty - on lead-free- petrol and foe garage trade for foeir 

jed 21 months, who had been next three years. ■ 
deen to America in the hope of .. The Motor Ag< 
wiving a life-saving fiver afi on has - told . ! 
ansplanL Waldegrave, Midi 

Nicola died in her father’s viramhent, that wi 
ms at foe riiy’s children's reduction on a £ 1 . 
ospital. where she had been petrol, motorists 
aiting for a suitable organ to' tin lie to buy foeir 
: donated since September. . right up to foe EE< 
She was taken to the United October 1,1989. - 
talcs by her unemployed The European C 
ither, Mr Gary Elmore, aged directive, . reqtii« 
4, and her mother, Sarah, aged countries to ma 
B, from foeir home in Blaena- petrol ' available 
Dn, Gwent. basis” b£ that dal 

A fund set up by a former with engines of mi 
layor of Torfeeru Gwent, gave lixres will then haY 1 
tore than £90,000 towards the free only.' Small< 
160.000 cost of foe operation, make the switch 
'hicta surgeons had agreed to 1 993, depending ox 
erfonn after receiving a down it has been , li 
ayment of £ 66 , 000 . unleaded petrol in 

. Another young Briton, David foe ' new ' year bu 
endcr, for whom £1 80,000 has company has rodi 
ecn raised, is also in the "dally available y?L 
r nitcd Slates awmting a similar The govemmen 
peration. introduce lead-free 

is. progressively introduced > to v The car-makers appear to be 
Britain’s petrol stations 'over foe ' thebnb'BrouP not m fevour of 
next three years. ■ . cheap lead-free petrol The 

-- The Motor Agents* 'Assod- Society of Motor Manufacturers 
ation has told . Mr_Wfifiam. and - Traders. Jias. told, foe- 
Waldegrave; Minister fpr= En- Munster would like foe 
viramhent, foal without sqch a tom fuels to bc sqld at -foe same 
reduction on a £1.90 gallon .of prices. ^ 
petrol, motorists would con- ' “We believe that cut-price 
tin ire to buy foeir usual -petrol lead-free ; petioil' : would. enCofufr 
right up to foe EEC deadline of age driversto use the wrong fuel 
October 1, 1 989. - ■ ■ ' for th dncarand-that would^lead ■ 

' The European Commission’s toa Kg' increase in mechanical" 
directive . requires* member breakdbwn^ r -th&sodety Said. . . 
countries’ to make -lead-free 1 - -Dr. ‘ Tan - ’Krwick," of foe 
petrol avaflable “on a wide .Petroleum; .iqdastries Associ- 
basis 1 ’ by- that date. New cars- ation,- said: -“Within foe next 18 

wifo engines of more than two months there will be a * 

litres will then use .lead- . number . of. cars .on. our. 
free only.' Smaller cars will capable of running on lead-free 
make the switch in 1991, . or pe r tsoL_. .. * 

1993, depending oh engine size. - - We -would- tike- to- -see foe 
It has been.-, l^al to sell Government prepare foe way 

The diief constables of 
Noithnmbria, Durham and 
Cleveland have joined forces 
with the Manpower Services 
Commission (MSC) to promote 
vandal patrols and victim 
support projects. 

- Mr Derek England, MSC 
regional employment manager, 
said fruit he hoped the scheme 
would provide full and part- 
time jobs for long-term unem- 
ployed people, while also giving 
a service to foe community. It 
would be funded through foe 
commission’s community pro- 

Among 18 projects under 
way. in foe North-east are a 
victim support scheme in North 

of Shields and Whitley 
he where employees are 

help to ZOO crime victims a 
month, and a scheme In 
Gateshead, sponsored by Age 
Concern, which provides locks 
for foe doors and windows of 
old and disabled people. 

Other schemes operating 
include neighbourhood watch 
and vandal patrols, where 
employees are pot on watch in 
areas noted for vandalism, and 
are able to contact the police by 
two-way radio. Experience so 
far suggests that their presence 
has a significant deterrent 
effect, foe MSC says. 

Security patrols at five 
schools in North Tyneside had 
led to an annual burglary rate 
of 14 being cut to two. 

Community leaders and local 
volantary organizations, includ- 
ing foe National Association 
for foe Care and Resettlement 
of Offenders, are being con- 
sulted on new crime prevention 

paid' schemes. 

Mr Hurd said an example of 
what could be done was on the 
Pepys estate Sooth London, 
where, most categories of crime 
had been almost halved. Mod- 
est re-design, community in- 
volvement arid more police had 
helped reduce burglary and 

He said a lot of money had 
been spent in the wrong way in 
the past. Estates like Broad- 
water Farm, in Tottenham. 

North London had caused 
much trouble. The Government 
had to look at foe money being 
spent to see if it was being 
properly taigetted for improve- 
ments money would come from 
a partnership between central 
and local government. The 
urban aid programme was 
doing much, and the rate 
support grant was available to 
local government to use accord- 
ing to its priorities. 

In a radio phone-in, Mr Hurd 
also defended his derision to 
allow police forces to stock 
plastic bullets. He said it was 

quite unreal to tell forces D y onoKers ana suaiua provide piavmg in a junior maU 
^Mxenhsmi ^olsthrt they^coiUd help for victims of alcohol < 

to nrotectfoemsdvS . 6111 needed Sir John,s comments come viUe Hospital, in Buckingham 
to protect themselves. after a decision last week by the shire, on Monday night 

Mr Hurd said that plastic Association of Chief Police " 

bullets had on balance, proved Officers to discuss proposals to ll/flcnn r T T V rnlo 

foeir worth in saving lives in reduce permitted alcohol levels ▼▼ 119UU 1 t AUJC 

Lllster. although he conceded later this month. Lord Wilson of Rievaulx is to 

that they had produced individ- Convictions for drinking and appear in a six-part Anglia 
ual tragedies. “I don’t want to driving have increased by 57 Television drama series. Inside 
see them used this side of foe rent * n 10 years, and 1 ,400 Story, being recorded next 
water. I think they should be people a year are Idllwi in month, about a Fleet Street 

used only as a last resort", he alcohol-related road aocidenis. newspaper. He plays himself as 

said. Sir John said. * Prime Minister. 

Sir John Gariick, chairman of and Worcester, was fined £400 
Alcohol Concern foe national by Worcester Crown Court 
charity concerned with alcohol yesterday for running an unsafe 
abuse, said he supported foe service, 
proposals of chief constables The four-day case had heard 
that the legal limit for drinking how foe ferrv - foe service was 
and driving should be reduced set up by' royal decree in 
by as much as half the current medieval times - broke from its 
permitted alcohol leveL guide rope in November 1984 

“The Government needs to and drifted towards rapids with 
have foe courage of the chief a party of frightened schoolbovs 
constables convictions. Sir on board. 

John said at foe opening of foe 

SS51 an ”“ 1 fon,m ' in Rugby death 

He said that the Government ’ Richard Cross, aged 28. the 
should adopt stricter attitudes London Irish rugbv full back 
towards anti-social behaviour who broke his neck while 
by drinkers and should provide playing in a junior match 
more help for victims of alcohol against London Scottish on 
abuse. Saturday, died at Stoke Mande- 

Sir John’s comments come viUe Hospital, in Buckingham- 
after a decision lasz week by the shire, on Monday night 
Association of Chief Police 

Rugby death 

Richard Cross, aged 28. the 

Sir John said. 

Prime Minister. 


By Sheila Beard all 
• New leisure complexes offer- 
ing .indoor, entertainment and 
better facilities for families wifo 
young* children are among 

. attractions .which, it is .hoped, 

five only.' Smaller cats will capable of running on lead-free will draw British holdiay makers 
make the switch in 1991, . or peteoL.. .. . 7 .. * back to foe seaside fos summer. 

1993, depending oh engine size. - We -would-^fike- to--see foe Domestic holiday operators 
It has been.-, lQpd to sell Government prepare foe way have been struggling after last 
unleaded petrol m Britain since by cncouia^ng tiie sale, of year’s wet’ summer and foe cut- 

the ' new year but no petrol unleaded petrol^. “ ‘ - - price war between firms selling 

company has made it commer- Most -of foe cars on sale in holdiays abroad. 

company has made it commer- Most -of foe cars on sale in 

dally available y^t- .. Britain capable- of running on 

The government wants to leatMree-petrol-are- Japanese of 
introduce lead-free petrol this West German. 


Glaswegian goldfish can 
reathe more easily today, 
score in tin knowledge that 
, iey can no longer legally be 
hen away in polythene bags 
, s fairground prizes. 

■ ' After protests from anim al 
• - ights groups, who are contact- 
. ig all local anthorittes on Che 
goldfishes’ behalf, Glasgow 
Ity Cornual decided yesterday 
rat licences for city show- 
rounds would no longer allow 
te practice. - 

, Mr Matthew Adams,, chair* 
-: 'yian of the atyV licensing 
■ oramittee, said: “People get 
1 - ;* .oHflsh hi. plastic, hags, and 
< ; tjften they don’t really .want 

’hem. By the time the poor fish 

1 _ 1 - •*. *' X . - - . . “■ 

By a Staff Reporter ^ 

hare had a eouple of turns on 
the waltzers, and been jogged 
about on the dodgems, they 
don’t know what- is happening. 
The chances are ihat foe .bag 
will burst before it getsiome.” 

The Scottish branch .of foe 
Showmen’s Gufld of Great 
Britain wrote to .foe. artmefl 
pointing oat that a resolution 
had bees passed by foe gnpd in. 
1958 providing for no goldfish 
to be gtanaway in a bag of less 
than 4Yt ins (Gamete, and fw 
, every prizewinner, to be .given 
an RSFCA pamphlet explafn- 
fng how tbe goldfish should be 
looked after. 

price war between firms selling 
holdiays abroad. 

The English Tourist Board 
launched- its- campaign yester- 
day wifo foe . publication of a 
. guide, .England's Seaside 1986, 
and details of a survey which 
showed that 170 million nights 
were spent on holiday at "foe 
British seaside in 1984. 

to kill 29 

By Craig Seton 

The strain of legionnaires 
disease, which killed 29 people 
at the Stafford District General 
Hospital last year, had been 
found six months’ earlier in the 
£25 million hospital's cooling 
system and treated, it was 
revealed "yesterday at a recon- 
vened public inquiry 
Jt had been previously stated 
that the strain of the disease 
found m the cooling system in 
November 1984, and treated 
with chlorine, was different 
from that responsible for foe 
epidemic in April and May last 
year, daring which 175 people 
were treated for severe chest 
infections in what was then 
regarded as the world's worst 

Recording piracy 

Cabinet to battle over tape levy 

By Richard Evans 

-A ministerial difference of 
opinion over plans to impose a 
levy on blank audio tapes is to 
be thrashed out at a Cabinet 
committee chaired by foe Prime 

The outcome is crucial to foe 
final shape of a White Paper on 
copyright reform scheduled to 
be pubished by the end- of this 
month, and could have far- 
reaching implications in foe 
battle being waged on many 
industries against counterfeit 
goods and international piracy, 
especially involving Far Eastern 

An estimated 16 million 
people in Britain break foe 
copyright laws every year by 
'recording music on to blank 

- “ . _ 

r ^, 

Mr John Deacon, director 
general of the British 
Phonographic Industry. 

His view does not have the 

its case to the awaid was 

denied^-'- - . - 

' Mr Ronald Module, sec- 
retary iff thejGlms&OK and. West 
of Scotland Society for foe 
FreventieiirOf -Cruelty - to- Am— 
nuds, welcomed the council’s 
derision! as .'“a great, step 
forward”. He !»ped other dty 
councils would follow smt . 

The chief pioneer in foe field 
of piscine rights, however, is 
the Greater Loudon Council. In 
November 1983 Mr Ken 
Livingstone, GLC leader and 
champion ■•of oppressed min- 
orities, persuaded foe council's 
arte and recreation committee 

The guide has details of more outbreak of die disease. 

than 300 hotels and _ guest 
houses which have promised to 

The .hospital’s cooling sys- 
tem Iras been held responsible 

welcome families wifo young for spreading foe disease and 
children, and offer services causing the epidemic, and Sir 
including flexible meal times John Badenock, the chairman 

and suitable accommodation.. 
The board is also promoting 

of the Inquiry, said yesterday 
that the new evidence meant 

new- indoor centres at Black- that the inquiry team would 
pool, Bournemouth, Felixstowe, have to rewrite parts of its 




raeu pner. to ban -foe sale of goldfish at 

Bat the guihi’s reqiiest tt^pHt fairgreands.^ -■ 





Nights Total WflW« ToM 
tm) sport tra} (mj spent (m) 
130 £ 1,450 170 £ 1.800 
95 £750 110 £900 

60 £525 85 £775 


The inquiry, which sat for 31 
days last year.- was reconvened 
to hear new evidence about the 
outbreak. Mr Philip Havers, 
Treasury Counsel, stud yester- 
day that it had now been 
discovered that the two strains 
of the disease which had been 
found at foe hospital, were, in 
focti the same. 

tapes at home, costing copyright wholehearted support of depart- ^ lhal l0 Jegalize 

owners - from song composers mentaJcolleagues but it is p riV a i C copying of music ‘would 
to record companies - abut £67 supported by Mrs Margaret st ^ ke a t foe roots of foe 

million in lost royalties. TJatcher. There is no quwuon principle of copyright and 

A green Paper published last pf a jevy being introduced for J^ ul / lo encouragin g 
February, when Mr Norman blank video tapes, foe use of one person’s property 

Tebbit was Secretary of State hfr Tebbits support for a ^ another wfoout S 
for Trade and Industry, sug- blank audio tape levy is - 

gested imposing a levy of about understood to be shared by Sir Mos \ of Putin's EEC part- 
10p on blank audio tapes to Geoffrey' Howe, The Foreign nMS imp^ or are about to 
compensate for unauthorized Secretary. impose, a levy on tapes. Mr 

home taping of copyright The pro-levy camp within the Deacon added: “To legalize 
material. Government insists the whole private copying without a levy 

But Mr Leon ®2 tan ' so * m area of intellectual property on tapes must inevitably have a 
cessor to Mr Tebbit at foe rights, rather than the narrow knock-on effect, not only as a 
department is against foe levy, issue 0 f unauthorized home potentially inviting signal to 
believing u would operate taping, is at stake. large-scale pirates and counier- 

against the consumer mid be Th e Publishers’ Association, feilers. but also .to those who 
seep as a new tax aftecting w hj c h loses an estimated £100 have now, or may in the future, 
mainly young voters from a m yij on ^ jost sales because of acquire means to abuse copy- 
government committed to cut- international piracy, is panicu- right and patents held by other 
.ting taxes. lariy worried by , the inter- originators in other industries”. 

national effect of no levy being 
imposed. “It will show that the 
British Government is unwill- 
ing to do something about illicit 
copying,” Mr Clive Bradley, foe 
association's chief executive, 
said last night. 

Mr John Deacon, director 
general of foe" British Phono- 
graphic Industry, believes that 
legalizing unauthorized home 
taping without remuneration to 
copyright owners would be very 
damaging to the record industry 
and tilt the balance of copyright 
protection “into foe pockets of 
the Japanese and other foreign- 
owned machine and blank tape 

“It would also be an extra- 
ordinary decision when one 
considers that less than a year 
ago the Government’s Green 
Paper said that to legalize 
private copying of music ‘would 
strike at foe roots of foe 
principle of copyright and 
would amount lo encouraging 
foe use of one person’s property 
by another without compen- 

Most of Britain's EEC part- 
ners impose, or are about to 
impose, a levy on tapes. Mr 


knock-on effect, not only as a 
potentially inviting signal to 
large-scale pirates and counter- 
feiters. but also .10 those who 
have now, or may in the future. 



• ; . ■ ;• * 


That’s some promise ! And on the day you make it, you 
probably aren’t worrying about the negatives. You are going to 
be better; richer and healthy for the rest of your lives. 

In any case, you have to look on the bright side. There’s 
no point in worrying, is there! 

Exactly. But the time comes when you realise that, what- 
ever happens, health must come first 

Not just yours. There’s the person you married and the ' 
ones who didn’t even exist when those promises were made. 
Suddenly just looking on the bright side isn’t enough. 

That’s where we come in. We can’t make illness a pleasure, 
but we can take a lot of the worry out of it. 

Health first is part of an international organisation which 
provides private medical cover for more people than any other 
company in the world. 

Health First doesn’t replace the NHS it works alongside 
it, taking the waiting and the worrying away Making sure that 
you and yours have the best possible treatment at the earliest 
opportunity. Making sure you get better in comfort without the 
family or the family- savings suffering. 


-From Mut 

day is it? ^ - 

And if you have even more responsibilities ... if you’re 
an employer and have to think about your employees’ welfare * 
...don’t worry, we take care of that too. 

In fact Health first has more private h ealth policies to * 
choose faom than you’re ever likely to heed. Just tell us what 
you want. . . because we always put your health first 

j Please send me further information about Health first: 

| [~l Individual Han f I Company Plan . § | 

I • •• -■ ■ ■ -•£ f . 

I Name. • ' • • • • . 

I Cnmpany/Address ■ 1 

- — — — — i : tto stovfr - •• • ' * 

J Telephone — ■ . w oar ‘ j 


* Richmond MB,Boumemouth. BH2 6EQ. Telephone 020Z 292J434. 

>tnaha.lmifei-TiacionaI Ltd,- 


: 'a .*-V 4. •. T • . • ' 



'5 -■■—i 


Brossels *• 

dislike fen- the , 
regime, there -was 
widespread .unease in European, 
capitals yesterday over impend^ - 
ing American sanctions against 
Libya. Opposition was mount- 

ing to any attemptby Washing- 
ton to persuade its. Europearti- 
allies to join in moves against 
Tripoli, even if refusal meant 
strain within the Western - 

The issue will provide the 
first test case of new plans for a 
joint European' foreign policy 
agreed at Luxembourg.. . last 

Greece, voicing ' the strongest . 
opposition to sanctions, called ' 
for a urgent meeting of the EEC 
foreign policy coiarafttec to 
discuss the question.' Co-ordi- 
nation of foreign policy was a 
key result of. the recent , EEC 
summit, which, set up a new 
foreign poticyfPofiticafco-pper- 
ation) secretariat But a spokes- 
man fbr. the European Coim- ; 
mission said there were no 
plans at present for an emer- 
gency meeting. ' ’ 

After talks in Paris,. -M 
Roland Dumas, the French 
Foreign Minister, and Herr 
Hans-Dietrich Genscher, his 
West German- counterpart, both 
expressed . reservations about 
die wisdom of sanctions. 1 • - 

M Dumas said France con- 
demned all' forms of terrorism, 
but added that where. a ; country: 
had participated' in terrorist 
actions, the ..roles of inter- 
national law should be applied.* 
There was behind-the-scenes 
criticism in mort European 
governments of the . 'way. -in 

.. fohave. 
powwd ai; hfc 
E^p^n^gBes to ioSn a. W 
trade amflyjstssay . ' 

; Smgglajther, Western u^jips 
did^ng*! times wore trade 
wfth tftjTr than Or US^.thr 
lUMlysts point (Hrt. , 

- Libyan imports from, foe U$ - 
hot .year were estimated’, -at 
dose- to £200 million compared 
with 524 mfllion doHars^fti 
viMtv . -*„• 

-Convanaile *1981 fienresior 
European countries - foelatest ; 
available -iadniled$LS,UllioB : 
from Itafy, $882 mflflOB'frimi 
"West Germany, $582 million 
from Britain and S526 ntiQion 
from France. Japan’s trade: that 
year was$640 million. : 

whitih die IJS had staged naval 
manoeuvres, coupled ' with, 
alarm, ai any sort of military 

. intervention. 

Officials in - Italy/ which 
together with Austria was hit by 
terrorist action' -hi airports last 
month, said .the, struggjgagainst 
terrorism had to be strength- 
ened. If Libyatn involvement in 
terrorism ' was proved, Italy 
wopld have .ter; : reconsider its 
relations wrth;Tiipoli. But the 
Italian Government -was op- 
posed to reppsals. - " >* 
AustriSU ' which is not a 
member of the .EEC, said it 
; would read “autonomously" if 
any . state was shown to have . 
been behind the attack on 
Vienna airport Herr Leopold 
Gratz, the. - Aus trian Fon ' 
Minister; said there was so 

No need for war. with 
Gadaffi, Pores says? 

Td Aviv (Renter, AP) 
Israel’s Prime Minister, Mr 
Shimon Peres, strongly.!- at- 
tacked the Libyan leader 
Colonel Gadafii again yester- 
day but said there was no heed 
to goto war against Libya. 

Spealting in file central town 
of Nes Zhma, Mr Peres called 
Cokmel Gadaffi “a down, a 
murderer and a liar** and nrged 
the non-commimist world- to 
retaliate for- • last month's 
guerrilla attacks at Rome and 
Vienna airports in which 19; 
people died. 

“There Is no need to declare 
war against Libya. It would be - 
enough just to impose economic 
and legal sanctions,” be said. 

The Prime Minister said die 
Abn Nidal Palestinian guerrilla 
group, which has. been linked 
with the airport attacks, was 
based in Libya. ColoneT 
Gadafii had spent mSSoas of 
dollars on arms, : bases, and 
training for terrorists, ' he' 

Mr Peres complained that 
some European countries were . 

Tripoli wins 

Fez, Morocco, (AFP) - 
Foreign ministers of the Islamic 
Conference Organization yester- 
day agreed to back a Libyan 
request for support in the face 
of what Tripoli says is a US- 
Israeli threat of asressioxh 

But the Libyan proposal was 
watered down after a swingeing 
attack on Libya by the Iraqi 
Foreign Minister, Mr Tareq 

The conference spokesman, 
Mr AbdeUatif Filali. toeMoroo- 
can Foreign Minister, said the 
organization's statement of 
support, to be drafted by the 
conference presidency, would 
apply to all member states 
threatened by Israel. 

Mr Azia, whose attack on 
Libya was read to the press 
during yesterday's session; said 
Libya “should learn its lesson” 
from the threat it now faced. In . 
an apparent reference to Egypt, 
Chad, Tunisia and Sudan, Mr 
.Aziz declared; “Libya continues 
to threaten neighbouring Isla- 
mic countries as well as other 
countries further afield.” 

Chadian sources said they 
would not seek specific con- 
demnation of Libyan occu- 
pation of the north of their 

The Libyan Foreign Minister, 
Mr All T reiki, who emerged 
from the session to repeat 
denials that Tripoli was behind 
the Rome and Vienna airport 
attacks, also denied that Libya 
had ever attacked any Arab or 
Islamic country. 

refitting for economic reasons 
to support US-led effifrts to 
impose' Sanctions *- a gains t 
Libya. “There is no need to be 
afraid of his words or guns. 
What is reqnfred is to assert 
international pressure oh Libya 
and. to assure that no terrorist 
enjoys immunity,? he said. . ■ 

The United ; States, . which 
has ~ also - accused Colonel 
-Gadaffi of sheltering the Abu 
Nidal group, was expected to 
tonnch.a hew economic offen- 
sive against Tripoli . to try. to 
rafiy wodd coudemftadoh'pf the 
Libyan lead&r . ■+? 

_ But Western diplomats be- 
lieve cftBectiv e e conomy and 
political pressure is nnSkdy, 
given the high economic stakes 
- of,,, some West European 
countries in Libya. 

■ : . Mir Ptaes fold foe Associated 
Press in response to a question 
that “there was no pressure, 
absolutely none” from ' die 
United Kates on Israel to 
retaliate for. -the . European 
airport atttacks. - 

mo. sofid - evidence that Libya 
. wasto bfeune. ■ 

- The cynical view 'is /that 
-European opposition to / sanc- 
tions l i the case of Libya has its 
-'roots partly- in economic self- 
. interest. EEC imports from 
libya amount to £5:5 billion, 
-.■’wito exports to Libya atfoeariy 
^£3 billion. Libyan oil accounts 
'for moist; of the imbalance. ‘ 

Britain is something of an. 
exception, with imports at £200 
ntifiion and exports to Libya at 
: £260 milli on- But libya is West 
Gerinan y’s most important 
Arab cxQ supplier. 

The fall in world oil prices 
- has reduced ‘ Libya’s economic 
clout in Western Europe; 
including Italy, and- Colonel 
Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, is-if 
: anything held in even less 
regard than' ever after the Rome 
--and Vienna attacks, which 
Tripoli "failed, to condemn.' Yet 
economic and other ties remain 
strong. ~ 

There are sizeable European 
communities in Tripoli connec- 
ted with the oil industry, 
including 5,000 Britons, up to 
.2,000 1 west Germans, and 
between 13,000 and 15,000 

. . Italy has particuldy close 
links with Libya, partly for 
historical reasons,- and Colonel 
GadafBTs; regime has invested in 
'Italian companies.. 

Italy has toown a. distinct 
political tftt toward the Arab 
world, as has Greece. 

Spain is on the point of 
establishing relations with Is- 
rael and- already fears an Arab 
backlash because of this. T 
. The Europeans say they are 
not necessarily opposed to 
sanctions; Tu September the 
EEC agreed on limited sanc- 
tions against South Africa, with 
Prance leading the way. Britain 
at first reserved its position, but 
then fell into step with the rest 
of Europe: . 

On -the case of Libya, a 
spokesman- for the Foreign 
Office in London said the 
. .British position remained that 
sanctions were none the less not 
particularly effective and did 
hot have a good track record. 

Britain had in any case already 
taken the ultimate sanction by 
breaking off diplomatic ties with 
Libya after the Libyan embassy 
siege in London.. 

.In Athens. Mr Karoios 
Papouhas. the Foreign Minis- 
ter. said Greece was profoundly 
disturbed by the new tension in 
the Mediterranean area, and 
^Sreecejwppld refuse to join in 
any economic sanctions. 

Switzerland, like Austria a 
non-EEC member, said it loo 
would maintain its traditional 
stand by refusing to join in any 
concerted European action; it 
buys half its oil from Libya. 

Outside Europe, Japan is also 
opposed to sanctions, even 
though it has little to lose in the 
case of Libya since, unlike 
Western Europe. Tokyo im- 
ports not oil from Tripoli and 
has relatively low levels of trade 
with Libya. 

Italians urge closer 
anti-terrorist links 

From John Earle 

Signor. Luigi Scalfaro, the 
Italian .-.Interior. Minister,, will" 
leave later this week on a tour 
of European capitals, including 
London, _ to tnge closer coordi- 
nation- in the fight against 
forrorism, a ‘ ministry spokes- 
man said here yesterday. 

He will again . propose a 
permanent' anti-terrorist sec- 
retariat. The. .Italians were 
disappointed at what they 
considered the' lukewarm reac- 
tion of several European coun- 
tries, including Britain, when 
Signor, Scalfaro first made the 
proposal -at a meeting here of 
interior ministers last year. The 
propofol is seen as allfoe more 
urgent after the recent Palesti- 
nian terrorist attacks at. Rome 
and Vienna airports. 

Greater efforts against' terror- 
ism, both nationally and inter- 
nationally, was one of three 
conclusions reached at a meet- 
ing- of ministers and security 
chiefs held at the weekend by 
Signor Bettino Craxi, the Prune 
Minister. The others were that 
military reprisals by any coun- 
try for the terrorist attacks 
would be a mistake, and that 
relations with Libya would have 
to be reviewed if hard evidence 
emerged . .of - that country’s 

Following the attacks, the 
Cabinet drafted a Bill tightening 
regulations for the entry and 
residence of foreigners. A first 
result has been the -refusal to 
admit 44 North. Africans who 


Safari el-Banna, alias Abu 

Nidal: a 1978 photograph 

arrived in Genoa on a weekly 
ferry from Tunis. They were 
said either to have passport 
irregularities or to be without 
apparent financial means of 

Police here arrested five 
young Arabs yesterday, two 
Syrians, an Egyptian, a Suda- 
nese and a Moroccan - for 
allegedly setting fire to a 
Muslim cultural centre in a 
Rome suburb; in which furni- 
ture was destroyed and the 
Syrian caretaker injured. 

• BONN! Herr Jurgen Mulle- 
mann , the West " German 
Deputy Fortign Minister, yes- 
terday-called for the creation of; 
an mtematiol anti-terrorist 
force ’following last month’s 
attacks on Vienna and Rome 
airports (Reuter reports. 

Anti-nuclear camp cleared with chainsaws 

Riot police with chain-saws 
bulldozed their way into a 
protest camp in dense Bava- 
rian forest yesterday and 
hauled out protesters before 
demolishing log huts Mock- 
ing work on West Ger- 
many’s first unclear repro- 
cessing plant at W ackers- 
dorf (Reuter reports). 

Police said 2,000 men. 
were involved in the oper- 
ation to evict about 1,500 
anti-nuclear demonstrators 
from the site and flatten 
their “village” of 158 cabins 
and tents so that tree-felling 
could resume. 

A hard core of about 500 
activists retreated into a 
tight circle as ranks of 
police moved steadily for- 
ward, slicing up log-cabins, 
tree huts and crude log 
watch-towers with their 
chain-saws in the freezing 

hits at police 

From Trevor Fishiock 
New York 

One of foe two survivors of 
toe home In Philadelphia 
besieged' and bombed by foe 
police last May has gone on 
trial »nd has bit hack at police. 

“It seems to me that every 
charge against me fits foe 
police,” buss Ramona Johnson 
Africa said. “They fired 10,000 
shots, set the house on fire 
where’ me and my family were, 
and killed my brothers and 

Miss Africa, aged 30, is a 
member of toe nihilist group 
Move. Last May toe police 
fought a gun battle with Move 
members who had barricaded 
themselves in a fortified house 
in a residential part of Phila- 

In a controversial action, the 
police bombed the house from a 
helicopter. Eleven people in the 
house were killed and 61 homes 
in the neighbourhood were 
destroyed in toe fierce fire 
started by the bomb. 

Miss Africa - all Move 
members adopt the name 
Africa - and a boy aged 13' 
were toe only people known to 
have escaped the house. • 

Jury selection for her trial 
began yesterday. In a pretrial 
statement she said the charges 
should be dismissed. She, is 
accused of conspiracy, riot, 
assault and recklessly en- 
dangering people. She says she 
wants to defend herself 

Victimization fear as Dismissed 
black schools reopen 

From Ray Kennedy 

Black schools in South Africa 
are due to reopen today at the 
start of the new academic year 
but the prospect of proper 
attendance faded yesterday 
when the Government rejected 
a plea to defer the re-opening 
for three weeks. 

The plea was made by the 
Soweto Parents* Crisis Com- 
mittee which at a conference 
here 10 days ago attended by 
representatives from 160 black 
organizations throughout the 
counury won support for a 
conditional end to the black 
schools boycott in some parts of 
the country, the boycott has 
been going on for nearly three 

A spokesman for the com- 
mittee said yesterday: “Those 
children. who go back to school 
tomorrow face being victimized 
by those who do not return. The 
victimization of pupils will be a 
veiy real problem.” 

The committee set January 
28 as a return date because, it 
said, this would enable it to 
spread its message throughout 
the country and would also give 
the authorities time to arrange 
for classes to ■ be held in 
temporary premises, such as 
church Halls and tents, to 
replace schools destroyed or 
damag ed during months of 
townships unrest 

Mr Sam de Beer, Deputy 
Minister of Education, said 
yesterday that it was of “vital 
importance" that schools re- 
open on schedule so that all the 
available school time in 1986 
was used to the pupils’ best 

He added that although 
pupils were required to register 
within 10 days of the official 
reopening date the Education 
Department would “exercise 
flexibility" for those who 
enrolled later. 

At its conference the Soweto 
committee resolved to call an 
end to the school boycott but 
gave the Government until the 
end of March to meet a list of 

These included the lifting of 
the state of em agency and the 
withdrawal of troops from 
townships, free school books 
and tuition, the release of 
detained student leaders and the 
ban on the Council of South 
African Students. 

The Right Rev Desmond 
Tutu. Anglican Bishop of 
Johannesburg, said if the 
demands were not met blacks 
throughout the country should 
“down tools.” 

Tea workers demand 
half-day of prayer 

From Vijitha Yapa, Colombo ' 

Disruption seems imminent 
in Sri Lanka's plantations in 
the - hiD country with . the 
decision of a leading trade 
union group to hold half-day 
prayer sessions for peace 
beginning on January 14 for 
three months. ' 

Nearly 400,000 tea plan- 
tation workers belonging to the 
Ceylon .Workers Congress say 
they want to pray for half a day 
but also want a foil day's pay. 

Two government corpor- 
ations managing 90 per Cent of 
the plantations have announced 
that only half a day's pay will 
be given and have stipulated 
that workers mast report for 
work before lpm. The onion 
has now announced that the 
prayers wlH be extended to a 

foil day, unless the half day 
offer is replaced with a full 
day's pay. 

The matter is complicated as 
the head of the union is Mr S. 
Thondamsm, a Tamil who is 
the Minister of toe Rural 
Industry in President Jayewar- 
dehe's Cabinet The majority of 
the union's members are 
Tamils of Indian origin, who 
have not so for been involved in 
the troubles involving T ami l s 

Senior cabinet ministers 
have been quoted by toe press 
as warning toe imion not to 
push the Government too far. 
Mr Thondaman is at present in 
Delhi and is expected to meet 
the Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, this week to brief him 
on the Sri Lanka situation. 

Howe presses Lagos minister on debt repayment 

ByNicboias Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
gave a qualified ■welcome to 
Nigeria’s efforts To revive its 
economy, which has been hit by 
falling mi prices and the cost of 
servicing its huge foreign debt 
However, during two houra 
of talks with Professor Bolap 
Akinyemi, the Nigerian Foreign 
Minister,' be stressed that there 
were aspects of Nigeria's New 
Year budgetary measures which 
were ranging apprehension 
among British ' creditors and. 
needed to be.finther discussed- 
In particoSar^bow much of its 

£11 .8 million debt, a quarter of 
■ which is owed to^ British 
concerns, did Nigeria' intend to 
repay this yeai? , - . 

In his New Year announce- 
ment President Babangida 
caused alarm by saying that 
Nigeria would use no more than 
30 per cent of . its foreign 
exchange earnings, to service its 
debts. - • 

However, it was explained to 
Britain that this figure was only 
a target and the actual amount 
could be higher. . . ' - 

At yesterday’s meeting for. 
.Geoffrey fold. Nigeria’s debt 
servicing proposal was jU helpfol 
as a foundation on which 
to build”. He praised . foe 

overall budgetary package as 
courageous but said it was too 
early for Britain to relax its own 
fcredit restrictions on Nigeria. 

Sir Geoffrey stressed Britain’s 
continuing determination to do 
everything possible to help 
Nigeria, to solve its debt 
problems through, for example, 
the Paris Oub. 

However, British officials 
admitted that Nigeria had not 
helped its case by rejecting hurt 
month a proposed £1.7 bdKon 
loan fron the' International 
Monetary Fund. 

Professor Aldnyemi.whowas 
appointed to his post soon after 
last August’s .cour said Nigeria . 

intended to pay. all “legitimate 

He briefly raised toe question 
of Johnson Matthey Bankers, 
part of whose £100 minion 
claim agtdnst Nigeria is said by 
tbe Nigerians to be fraudulent. 

The talks focused mainly on 
economic questions, although 
toe key bilateral issue that has 
been delaying a restoration of 
fon diplomatic relations - the 
imprisonment of Nigerian and 
British citizens by each country 
-was also discussed. 

Britain has {untested at toe 
severity of 14-year jaffsentences 
imposed on two British engin- 
eers, Mr. Angus Patterson and 

Mr Kenneth dark, who' were 

' ' 

found guilty on two charges 
connected with the theft of an 
aircraft. Their appeal is ex- 
pected to be heard shortly. 

The Nigerians feel , strongly 
•about the 12-year prison sen- 
tence which a British court 
imposed on Major Mohammed 
Yusufo for the part he played in 
the kidnap plot against Mr 
Umaru Dikko, a former Nige- 
rian transport minister. 

Professor Akinyemi raised 
the possibility of Major Yusu- 
fo’s- deportation. However, he 
was told that this could take 
place only after he had served 

his sentence. 

Leading article, page 13 

' ' <. *' 

A six-maii US congressional 
delegation has been refused 
permission to visit Nelson 
Mandela, the African National 
Congress Leader, who is in 
prison near Capetown. 

The delegation of five Demo- 
crats and one Republican is led 
by Mr William Gray (Demo- 
crat - Pennsylvania) who 
initiated foe Anti-Apartheid 
Act of 1985 which was stalled 
in the Senate bat which forced 
President Reagan to increase 
pressure on South Africa. 

A prisons service spokesman 
declined to say why the 
application to see Mandela was 


The delegation,, .which ar- 
rived In Sooth Africa on a fact- 
finding visit on Monday, met 
Mr Roelof (Pik) Botha, the 
Foreign Minister yesterday and 
is due to have talks with 
President P W Botha, the Rev 
Allan Boesak, patron of the 
United Democratic Front, and 
Chief Mangosnthii Buthelezi, 
Chief Minister of the KwaZulu 
homeland among other leaders. 

• Shoot-ont: A suspected Afri- 
can National Congress member 
has been killed in an exchange 
of fire with security police near 
the coastal city of East London, 
according to a statement by 
police headquarters in Pretoria 

A large quantity of Soviet- 
made arms was seized when the 
security policemen stopped a 
vehicle on a country road. The 
driver threw a hand grenade at 
them and fled into the bush as 

bused out 

From Our Correspondent 

Thousands of the 20,000 
black miners sacked at the 
Impala platinum mines in 
Bopbuthatswana. the second 
biggest producer of platinum 
group metals in ihe West, were 
loaded on to buses yesterday 
and driven away from the mine 

The nuhluss action by 
Gencor in dismissing SO per 
cent of its workforce because of 
a strike that began on New 
Year’s Day over pay and work- 
related issues, brought an 
immediate reaction from inter- 
national platinum markets. In 
London the metal was traded at 
S357.50 an ounce, more than 
$19 higher than before Mon- 
day's dismissals. 

South Africa accounts for 70 
per cent of the world’s output of 
platinum - most of the rest is 
produced in the Soviet Union - 
and any long-term disruption at 
Impala. which produces some 
45 per cent of the South African 
volume, will undoubtedly affect 
world supplies 

Afrikaner-dominated Gencor 
was adamant yesterday that it 
would not re-employ those 

About 65 per cent of the 
sacked miners are believed to be 
of Bophuthatswana, one of the 
black homelands that opted for 
“independence” from Pretoria. 

Mr Gap- Maude. Gencor's 
acting chief executive officer, 
said Impala could easily recruit 
a new labour force because of 
the high unemployment rate in 
Bophuthatswana. Teba, the 

the policemen opened fire. His 
body was found after a search of Chamber of Mines recruiting 
the area. body, had 400.000 applicants 

SuSu, a Capuchin monkey, helping her quadraplegic master, 
Louis Corves e, a car crash victim, in Cranston, Rhode Island. 

British farmers’ income 
fell 17.5pc last year 

From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 

British farmers took a 17.5 
per cent cut in their income in 
1985, worse than any other 
country in the EEC. according 
to figures released by toe 
European Community statisti- 
cal office yesterday. 

In the EEC, overall agricul- 
tural incomes took a cut of 8 per 
cent, but family farmers did 
substantially worse, wito a fell 
of 12 per cent. 

Tbe drop in incomes, which 
was blamed by the European 
Commission on bad weather in 
toe British Isles and other parts 
of Europe, followed a small rise 
in. 1984 when weather con- 
ditions were particularly 

The setback to farmers comes 
at a time when EEC taxpayers 
are providing record sums to 
pay for toe food mountains. 

According to the annual 
report on the situation in the 
agricultural markets released 
this week, toe total value of 
surplus produce ageing in stores 
in the community is £5.4 
billion. The cost of storage and 
interest • payments ' on - these 


surpluses amounts to £800 
million per year. 

The most startling figure is 
the sudden increase in grain 
stocks, which almost trebled 
from just under six million 
tonnes in September 1984 to 
16.85 million tonnes a year 
later. In toe same period, beef 
slocks rose from 503.000 tonnes 
to 800.000 tonnes, while butter 
stocks are still hovering at just 
below toe million tonne mark. 

EEC officials say that most of 
this produce is rapidly deterio- 
rating and will be increasingly 
difficult to sell as time progress- 

• Madrid (Reuter) - The 
Labour leader, Mr Neil Kin- 
nock. met toe Spanish Prime 
Minister, Senor Felipe Gonza- 
lez, yesterday to discuss bilate- 
ral and international issues, 
including toe EEC and Nato. 

Fashion history 

Paris (Reuter) - A state-run 
French feshion museum housed 
in the Louvre will be inaugur- 
ated on January 28 by President 
'MutexouuL -• 

Sinai killer 
of Israelis 
found dead 
in prison 

Cairo - The body of Sergeant 
Khater, an Egyptian border 
policeman convicted of murder- 
ing seven Israeli tourists, was 
found hanging from his bedding 
attached to the window of his 
room in a prison hospital 
yesterday (Alice Brinton writes). 

The 'official Middle East 
News Agency said the auth- 
orities were investigating when 
and how Sergeant Khater died. 

He was convicted on Decem- 
ber 28 and sentenced to life 
imprisonment with hard labour, 
for having killed four Israeli 
children, two women and a man 
at his border crossing in the 
Sinai on October 5. The agency 
said Sergeant Khater was in toe 
military hospital for the treat- 
ment of a parasitic disease 
common in rural Egypt. 

Fifth delay hits 
shuttle launch 

Washington - The Launch of 
the space shuttle Columbia was 
again postponed yesterday for 
at least two days because of bad 
weather at the Kennedy Space 
Centre in Florida and at 
emergency landing sites in 
Senegal and Spain (Mohsin Ali 

It was the fifth delay in three 

# PARIS: The first flight of a 
European Ariane satellite laun- 
cher si nee a spectacular failure 
last September has been post- 
poned for five days for technical 
reasons (Reuter reports). 

Drugs scandal 
rocks Mauritius 

Port Louis. Mauritius (AP) - 
Four ministers - foreign, social 
security, industry and com- 
merce - have resigned from the 
Government of the Prime 
Minister. Mr Aneer ood Jug- 
nauth. after MPs were arrested 
in Amsterdam in late December 
allegedly trying to smuggle 
drugs into The Netherlands. 

Residents of the Indian 
Ocean island nation reached by 
telex said the resignations were 
not seen as admissions of guilt 
but protests over the embarrass- 
ment caused by the scandal. 

Bomb threat 

Boston (AP) - Police acting 
on a telephoned bomb threat 
found a “device” in a rubbish 
bin at Boston Garden, an hour 
before the Jewish Defence 
League were to demonstrate 
against a hockey game there 
between Boston Bruins and 
Moscow Dynamos. 

Rebels kill 46 

Rangoon (Reuter) - Karen 
separatist rebels killed 46 people 
and wounded 136 others in an 
attack on a ferry boat in south- 
east Burma, the official Bur- 
mese News Agency said. It gave 
no further details. 

Divorcee fired 

Brussels (Reuter) - Belgium's 
supreme court, the Council of 
State, has upheld toe sacking of 
a religion teacher because she 
divorced arad remarried in a 
civil ceremony, toe Education 
Ministry said. 

Dam disaster 

Peking (.AP) - Thirty police- 
men bclping construction 
workers were among 48 people 
killed in a cave-in at the site of a 
power station dam being built 
in southern China’s Guangxi 

Winery sold 

Los Gatos. California (AP) - 
The Jesuit order’s Novitiate 
Winery- which produced a wine 
billed as “devilishly good”, has 
been taken over by a wine 
company after nearly a century 
of operation. 

Tunisia change 

Tunis (Reuter) - President 
Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia has 
relieved his son, also called 
Habib, of his post as special 
presidential adviser. No reason 
was given. 

Bonner surgery 

Boston (AFP) - Mrs Yelena 
Bonner, the wife of the Soviet 
dissident Dr Andrei Sakharov, 
is to undergo heart bypass 
surgery because medication has 
failed to cure her. 

Lorry chaos 

Rio de Janeiro (AP) - More 
than 500.000 Brazilian lorry 
drivers went on strike for a 
minimum pay scale, bioclung 
highways and threatening food 
supplies in Brazilian cities. 

Planes collide 

Zwiebruecken (AP) - Two 
US Air Force FI 5 planes 
collided in mid-air yesterday 
killing one of the pilots and an 
eldcrlv man on the ground. 

Delhi (.AFP) - At least 160 
people have died in a cold wave 
sweeping northern and eastern 
India for toe past four weeks. 


Contrary to yesterday’s report, 
both Channel Tunnel Group and 
Euroroutc plan to operate as well as 
build a fixed link across the 



The Americans and Italians 
will share just under 30%. 

< U 

The other Westland shareholders will own more than 70%. 

The short answer is, we will. 

If you vote in favour of the new proposals from 
Sikorsky (a division of UTC) and Fiat, as your Board 
urges you to do, Westland will remain an independent 
British company. 

Free to develop, design and build helicopters in 

Sikorsky and Fiat will become valued and trusted 
partners, but only minority shareholders. 

Together they 11 own no more than 29.9%, and 
this could drop to 21%. 

Thriving, independent companies themselves, 
they are backing Westiancfs long-term prosperity 

We are convinced that their proposals, though 
similar in financial terms to those of the European 
consortium, are better for our company, our share- 
holders and our workforce. 

In view of the vast amount of public comment, 
we would like to give you our main reasons once 

A tried apd tested partnership. 

As you probably know we have, in feet, been 
working successfully with Sikorsky for a long while. 

Over the last thirty-eight years we have built the 
Dragonfly, Whirlwind, Wessex and Sea King heli- 
copters under licence from them. 

Often, as they have been kind enough to admit, 
improving them. 

(We’re proud to say, our version of the Sea King 
outsells theirs in export markets.) 

We get on well together, we know each other and 
we build very good machines together. 

An association with Fiat is a further important 
benefit in our view. 

They are a large, profitable and international 
group with interests in aviation, space and materials 

Furthermore, many of their interests dovetail 
with ours. 

This will give us opportunities to strengthen our 
technological capabilities and open up new markets. 

Moreover, Westland and Fiat are two of Europe's 
leading helicopter transmission manufacturers. 


By contrast, the proposals of the European group 
aren’t nearly so appealing. 

A marriage of inconvenience. 

Frankly, the consortium seems, to be an ad hoc 
grouping of companies, some of which are state- 
owned and fierce competitors of ourselves and each 

The truth is, there’s a glut ofhelicopters in Europe, 
with problems of overmanning and overcapacity 

We believe that instead of making complete heli- 
copters, Wesdand would steadily be reduced to pro- 
ducing only parts for a European machine. 

Second; because of the urgency the 
we need a quick and decisive solution. We simply 
can’t risk Ming between two stociiL ; : 

Apart from anyttog;else; ^ that ; 

either proposal gets a three-quarters majority. ■ ff" both 
alternatives are put to shareholders, therms a real . 
danger that neither will get that majority 

Our urgent priority must be to establish a stafc’e • 
framework within ydliph Wesdand can operate. 

Westhmcfs phone-in. 

We hope we have explained why your Board is- 

Our skills, our know-how, our self esteem would strongly recommending you to vote without delay in 

all be degraded whereas with Sikorsky and Fiat they’ll .. favour of the Sikorsky and Eat proposals. 

be enhanced 

With their help, we’ll form a formidable new 
competitor for everyone else in the market 

But would the Government disc riminate against 
Wesdand if we join forces with Sikorsky and Fiat? 

Our Chairman wrote and asked the Prime 
Minister this very question* 

The Prime Minister’s assurances. 

AA ■ Mi T V 

returning your proxy card in time, we invite you: tO: 
phone us between 10am and 8pm daily. “ 

The number isOl-583 1398. - 

v Eypry single vote is crucial for Wesdancfs fixture;: 
anddc^ycpuld seriously damage us. ' . . : 

Remember, to be valid, your proxy must 
be receiveddbis week. . 


■j Please return tbecoopon toTbe RegjstrsaiTXfetri*nd pic.National WcstminjttrBank f- 
| PLQRqwtnufs Department^ EO. Bax 82, 37 Broad Street, Bristol B5997YA,. j 

i Jxwro ofPrary &r ajcsrt the Ettrrordinaiy Gcncwi Meeting ofWcsdand pk febe Comoairr’i , 

J . tb be hd3 an Tuesday I4tb January, 1986. r ^ ^ [... 

I I/te&emxfct5^^kring(a)iirabei<s)rf^ f . 

Mcenngor(scc fwSr l)^. > . ■ . ■' " ■ • ■ ~ , , ■ • 




Namc(i) in folk 

We sent the full text of both letters to our share- 
holders on 6th January and yesterday published them 
in an advertisement 

One of the key points she makes is this: 

“As long as Wesdand continues to carry on busi- 
ness in the UK, the Government will of course con- 
tinue to regard it as a British and therefore a European 
company, and will support it in pursuing British 
interests in Europe? 

Why shareholders can’t vote on both proposals. 

We have sent you full details of both sets of pro- 
posals together with the Board’s recommendation 
Some shareholders, however, have asked why 
they can’t vote on the two and make a decision as they 
do in a competitive takeover 

There are two reasons why not 
First; this is not a takeover It’s a capital reconstruc- 
tion for a company in extreme financial difficulty. 

The Board’s overriding duty is to assess, with its: 
wide knowledge of the commercial background, what 
is best for Westland and to make a clear recommenda- 
tion to shareholders. .. , 


I « my/ow proxy ro wte for mc/us on^our behalf atthc EaraoKfinary General Meeting of tbc 
Company convened for KUOajn. on Mtb'Janiwry, 1986 and at any adjournment rberco£ 

| 1/We direa thar my/our vt»e(i) be cat cm ibe resolutions referred tom the Notice af Meeting as 
j Joaicatrf cyan X is shown below'and cm iwy odicr resdution m such manner as tnVourDroxv ■ 
I thinks bL ■ . . r ' 









Number 1: Ordinary Resolution 

Number t- Special Resolution 

. Number 3: Special Resolution 

. . • . . 


*>■& ihciaU dMa mr fiwAncoii|lMd flfUilfe pmr< 

i mhei cd yy it m nfl l . _ 

k it kuxiMd or* oourijflV 

J7Bwrf5c«,B«a(»»9 7W.,w 

•. lon»d»c*Jbi m HwfcJ. 




> on 

WStfion -was .race, rad jnadejno attempt. to 
propably resigned theasetves to .tfcatitwasl&al. , : • dissociate himsHf fioin this 


8«erat nraa -rad: Herr iSpranger were ByiaB. aceoimti he rather 

SSSL year : texnted as “grand- masters of approved of it Later, he made a 

Fnu3doeQstm’8;;cabi^ of hot- speech in which he promised 
if the poliuoans exchanges stay itoWBy the standards of/West , that the; FOP’S alliance with the 
as lively BS-tbose /^ch-begra. Gerrofrfr ; : politics,'- this :: :^oid':^ would continue 

me year, although by yesterday hayiS; been an .unusually .vivid;, after the general election, but; 

toat. WTmsters - phrase if uftenxtby amember tlnswasovcrshadowedbythc 
already think, things. , .have ; e£;,tbe: Opposition. jRut wfeal evidence of troubles within the 

already gone too mr.-. ._. • j--.. , ' made it -still -mom .MMrrtmrisiF -■ coalition. 

aireaay gone too iar.-- L . -o--.. ./ made it -still more exceptional coalition. 

The new year- : ; that it came fronPrt^aenfor •/ ZnBoan, Chancellor KoM 

the old one ended. With an m theTreeDswooBtS showed ngns of bdng foriems, 

attack on. ‘Hen- priederich. ;™arem.tfce.c0aifti^ Was generally- agreed 

Zimmermann, * the co^ervatives;^ ana-'.'.thercfcre .* that ; ;Herr- Drag's remarks 
the Interior, nh &■ h» Timior ^ . Herr JZ5mmc4niani». and had been- for. more damaging 

minister Herr r CaitDieier : : H * r * Spraoeie^, - , , ." V r -. . . anything ; the. opposition 
Spranger, bothof wWire 'SJt^ 10 ^ 5 ****** 90 

members of - the • Bavarian remark. Hen Walter Darina - . . 

Christian Social. Union,- -the 

right-wing of-the iuhag Bonn Baden^Wfirtfaribert- Went on^io 

coalition. Since the summer, ■ Hen ' KoU a stai«nent 

Herr Zimmennann- had- been vS' : Sn .tto : JunnecKsmry . 

blamed for not realising that strain on the work of the 

debUMd.^hS^e , SrifiSSf' w'thTfr^ 

secunty rak of HercHans—^ Hen- -g™? 1 ? 1 . fr ^ , 1 tbe , Fr f1 

Joachim Tiedge, ihe counter- ZmunernuSn - irfSiS} £1 Democrats, to. effort he accused 

espionage official who defected CaWnrt^^ec^^roW^S th^i of trying to achieve “a 

to East Genx^. He^>also 

blamed for ruling that there was cnouahl” and that h«t «pe& 5 e of thar partners, 
insufficient evidence to -justify .'|S& . ^analysis to almost 

close surveillance of a woman °° ?*** certainly awrecL; The general 

secretary in - the Cbanttffleiy */' ." • ; -view is that what^was behind 

who also defected. . " Hen - . DOringfwas speaking at the mdaent was the FDFs wish 

icemJftuttgaft of the - to retirara Jdehtffied with the 
them region, add was mine successful aspects of the 
jaoplsixHted; - Herr Government, _ such . . as the 

who also defected. ! Herr During; was speaking at the auadent wasthe FDP*s wish 

■■■J- v •; . . . / . {-•■ ^conference mStut^ajt of the remain - idmtrfied with the 

Just before ■ Christmas ■ it was ..FDl^s.toiithjem'region, arid was. more ’successful aspects of the 
disclosed. Ythat Herr Spranger tigayafr ^lig^snded.' : Herr Government, _ such_ as the 
had been involved, jtn the Martin. Bangemann,' leader -of improving’-' economy, while 
coDecticutbf secret fjieson some the party . and "Minister of ’ ma king it clearto voter that the 
Green. Herr Sauncr- Economics, was at. the confer- partyhaSa mind of its. own. 

State wins 
for Tito’s 

in attack 
on gOissips 





From Onr Correspondmx^ Jakarta 

- - Tnatident Suharto of Indone^ economic situation might de- 
«na yesterday unveiled i tou^h .tenoratc - further and oil rev- 

coming ibudgetto cope with fening oil enues were fallin g- 

under attack in the party-con- and, rnmimn^iiy yimt,- mWtmg However,'- he’ said that the 
trolled press and are being ove^gpvermn^eiqwiffitare Ctovwnnusni !U does not need to 
blamed for the^pread of filial by 7‘per cent and development .and - well ;noC*-‘ devalue ’ the 

practices in Government and- [spending by 22 per cent. 

□ipiah. .. . 

S circles. The Economic Calling on Indonesians to • HoweVer,-. almost every sector 
. ' for the past two days has' face -rthe- ra m i ng difficul t year ‘is beipg 'trimmed of revenues 
run commentaries crituazing- with: a “calm and ]' realistic wherever cuts can be made, 
cadres who spread rumours, attiude”, thc Preadent said in a Defence development fells by 
slander and gossip and those national television address that 22 per cent, project conu ruction 
who shift responsibility on to the 21 A triffion rupiah - (£13 - budgets are cut and even the 

who shift responsibility on to the 21 A triffion rupiah- (£13- budgets are cut and even the 

others and fail to tackle -a billion) budget would be baf- priority areas such as education, 

growing pile of problems, is anced^ and the govememnt agriculture, communications 

particular, illegal practices. would not go - into deficit . and rural development reduced. 

growing pile of problems, in anced and the gdvernemnt agriculture, communications 
particular, illegal practices. would not go - into deficit . rad rural development reduced. 

On Monday, the party's spending. - While most independent 

mouthpiece on economic poli- He said it. Was the first time analysts in Jakarta hailed the 
cies slammed cadres in central .since 1969'that the country had budget as realistic, most have 

ex p re s sed 


Colombian volcano 

emergency eases 

From Geoffrey Matthews, Bogotk 

The stale, of emergency As a result, reddents of 1c 
declared in central Cciombia at lying districts of the towns 

departments “who do not ever- made a cut in -its ex p re s sed grave reservations 
concentrate on their work: but development- budget^ but- the .-.about the Government’s calcu- 
gossip aboift others, '^io have- signs..'.'-' were- tint the ’world' lation of oil prices 
no interest in understradam the - — =• —— ^ ^ — __ — _ __ 
policies and principles of the ^ m ' 

mtoest in seeldng “i^^e. Colombian volcano 

stones'*,, spreading hearsay, ^ 

“Such liberalism,*’ ihe joews-; emergency eases 

paper said, “not only interferes . From Geoffrey Matthews, Bosotk 

with unity but also sapsjnorale. . . ■ 

and diverts people’s energy The stale, of emergency .As a result, reridents of low- 
from striving for. • the ' four declared in central Colombia at lying districts of the towns oi 
modernizations with one heart the weekend after an alarming Honda, Guayabal and Am bale- 
and mind.” increase in. seismic activity to ma, who had been evacuated tc 

It for strong critidsm tite Nevadd; del Ruiz volcano high ground, were allowed tc 
and disciplining of rumour *“■ been partially Hfted by the retorn to thwr^ homes, 
mongers and also maintenance Government. * . B °t the Go vernm ent main- 

of “a clear mind” to stop the " Activity in' the volcano’s tamed the emergency in two 
spread of hearsay crater, wmch was the source of other towns - Manqtnta and 

The next 6ayJ ibe Economic the devastating_OTption last 
Daily castigated “the abomin- .November m which an esti- “ ™e opirnon of experts, 
able trend of bureaucracy and mated -2^W)0 people perished, ^ ■ towm ’ M 8 ?" 

dereliction of duty” which it was. yesterday reported to be Qvuta and Chmcbma would be 
said was flourishing among dim ini s hi n g . In the- sudden muc ^ -mom;- vulnerable, and 
some senior cadres. “Where weekend upsurge of activity it would have fer less warning m 
bureaucracy flourishes, there bad emitted sulphurous ashes the event of another big 
are piles of problems rad plenty andgases.; eruption.. 

of illegal practices,” according 7! ' T~~ 

t3Wi»>i * Italy’s hospital 1 

example of d a m ag ing rumours Hrtnl-ftrc 'strilrA 
and slander. However, analysts . UUV-lUIa ollllky 

demoralising; effects ' attributed for better pay 


dissatisfection among cadre hospital doctors started a three- 
ranks for current reforms day strike yesterday to press for 
possibly foeDed by gossip about higher salanes and the ngbt to 
nepotism. Such people are also Own _ national 

. a _ Mnnlnunmt mntrart mcnwil At 

‘ From Dessa Trerisan 
-. Belgrade 

. Legislation nationaliziiig the 
late President . Tito’s estates, 
including gifts and medals he 
had received In the course of 37 
years of his rule, has been 
rushed through the Yugoslav 

In an attempt to block any 
further legal action, the 
Gov ernment disclosed that 
Tito’s widow, Mrs Jovanka 
Broz, Is claiming cars, motor- 
boats, horses, jewelry, paint- 
ings, furn it u r e and vineyards 
worth millions of pounds. . 

Mrs Brtn has been forced to 
live in obscurity since 1977, 
three years Wore Tito’s death, 
under f i re im i«famfM which to 
this day are shrouded in 
mystery. Some time ago she 
started - legal ' proceedings 
against the state, daimhifl that 
she .was deprived of personal 
properties, and that she was 
prevented from being present 
when her husband's estate was 
being registered by a state 
commission set up to establish 
Tito’s public trust and mem- 
orial fends. 

Mrs. Broz has so far not 
commented on the Govern- 
ment’s claim that since Tito’s 
j death, when she bad to move 
wr^vl Ont of their residence, she 

V declined six houses the Govern- 

ment offered to her to five in. In 
tr AhrtArt the end, a new house was built 

j vABViJ former in a residential district 

hf*we itnonrt at a costof £225,000. 

hews» Bogot& Sources dose to Mrs Broz 

As a result, residents of low- daim that upon Tito’s death 

she" was evicted from the 

Reformist officers in the 
Philippine armed forces yester- 
day announced measures to 
prevent military abuses during 
next month’s presidential elec- 
tion. _ 

They told their fellow officers 
there was a popular clamour for 
an honest, fair and dean 
election free from the unscrupu- 
lous use of . soldiers and 
policemen as “hired goons”. . 

About SO Filipino rad foreign 
journalists rad a small number 
of diplomats crammed into the 
upstairs room of a restaurant to 
watch the unusual spectacle of 
IS serving officers denouncing 
their superiors for past political 

The officers, leaders of the 
“We Belong” reform movement 
in the services, claim to 
represent 70 per cent of middle- 
ranking military men said to 
want a fair poll on February 7. 

In their reference manual to 
the 1,000 reformist officers, 
they admit: “In past elections, 
the AFP (Philippine armed 
forces) was perceived to have 

Divorce too 
costly for 


Islamabad. - Up to five 
Afghan army generals arc 
reported to have been arrested 
recently for passing information 
about Soviet troop movements 
and other military secrets to a 
guerrilla commander. 

Western diplomatic sources 
said four generals were arrested 
in the Afghan capital on 
December 5, Another source 
said a fifth general may have 
been detained too. 

The generals held senior 
positions at the Afghan Defence 
Ministry when they werc 
arrested for passing information 
to anti-government guerrillas, 
the sources said. They appar- 
ently had been giving infor- 
mation to the guerrillas about 
Soviet troop movements. 

The Western sources said 
their information was based on 
a wide number of reports for 
KabuL But they bad no 
information on what had 
happened to the arrested gen- 

-- _ # Meanwhile, an Afghan guer- 

e hAtlAcif A BA/vfn iOTin rilla commander and two other 

1 VltJ V Lions people were killed in one attack 

and four Afghan refugees were 

From Paul Routledge, Manila killed in another near Peshawar, 

Pakistani newspapers reported 

fallen short of the public's tion of the election code. “It is yesterday, 
expectations for it to remain possible that our soldiers will Several newspapers reported 
impartial and non-partisan. receive orders which ibey don't that a guerrilla commander 
This time, the AFP will again perceive as legal,” said Colonel named Muhammad Daud as 
be put to the test to help ensure Robles. shot from a passing vehicle on. 

dean and honest elections and The reform movement, i Sunday as he waited for his own 
to demonstrate its political known by its initials RAM, car - Two people standing' 
neutrality." occupies a curious niche in nearby also were killed, the.- 

Officers should urge dtizens Filipino public life. It is not papers said, 
to vote and not sell their votes, exactly frowned upon by high- . ^ our Afghan refugees were 
and work with civic and ranking officers, yet it yesterday killed when a group of rival 
religious organizations to pne- repealed it call for the retire- . Afghans opened fire on their 

Officers urge Philippine army 
to ensure honest elections 

impartial and non-partisan. receive orders which they don't 
This time, the AFP will again perceive as legal,” said Colonel 
be put to the test to help ensure Robles, 
dean and honest elections and The reform movement, 
to demonstrate its political known by its initials RAM, 
neutrality.” occupies a curious niche in 

Officers should urge dtizens Filipino public life. It is not 
to vote and not sell their votes, exactly frowned upon by high- 
and work with civic and ranking officers, yet it yesterday 

vent fraud and coercion of the ment of more than 30 “over- 


staying” generals whose service 

Colonel Rex Robles, spokes- terms have been personally 
man for the group, said: “If the extended by the president. 

elections are not 

jt perceivei 

representative of the will of the tolerance extended to RAM 
people, there will be widespread may be found in its stated aim 
discontent and possibly- civil of countering the hard left's 
strife.” Such an outcome to the boycott of the February 7 poll 
snap poll ordered by President and the communists’ claim that 
Marcos would definitely strong- the election “is a force rad will 
then adherence to the 17-year not make any difference.'' 
old insurgency being waged in Meanwhile, Cardinaa! Jaime 
the Philippines by the commu- Sin, Archbishop of Manila, has 
nist New People’s Army. added his very considerable 

The officers even suggested weight to the calls for an honest 
that soldiers should disobey any election. In a pastoral letter he 
“illegal orders” given by their said it was “seriously immoral 
superiors to art in controven- and unchristian” to cheat. 

ived to be Some clue to the official 

tents in a refugee camp at 
Hangu, south of Peshawar, the 
newspapers said. The attack, 
which was described as recent, 
appeared to be part of an old 
feud between the two groups, 
they said. 

Peshawar, which is not far 
from the Afghan border, is the 
headquarters for Afghan guer- 
rilla groups fighting the Soviet- 
backed Government of Afghan- 
■ istan. There has been a wave of 
l bombings and killings in the 
city in recent months that have 
been attributed to disputes 
between the guerrilla groups or 
attacks by Afghan Government 

The missing US soldiers 

Hanoi agrees on joint action 

are piles of proWexns and plenty] and ^ a * s - ; .. . . • 

oi illegal pratuus, xcHjiuwg . , 

> * Italy’s hospital 1 

example of d a m ag ing rumours 

and slander. However, analysts . UUV-lUIa 3tl lAv 

demoralising effects ' attributed for better pay 

, iw - ic*,ooo 

dissatisfection among cadre hospital doctors started a three- 
ranks for current reforms strike yesterday to press for 
possibly foeDed by gossip about higher saknes and the ngbt to 
nepotism. Such people are also n^otiate their pwn national 
suspected of feeding infer- . employment contract instead of Mn ritw tfc* bring grouped, as at present, m 

the weekend after an alarming Honda, Guayabal. and Am bale- presidential residence by 
increase in seismic activity in who had been evacuated to police, and - that she was 
the Nevadd- del Ruiz volcano high ground, were allowed to prevented from taking her 

has been partially Hfted by the return to their homes. persorf fossessions, including 

Government. ' • But the Government main- jewelry, from the house. 

" Activity in the volcano’s feiued the emergency in two A picture of a greedy and 
crater, which was the source of other towns - Mariquita and obstinate woman has been 

the devastating eruption last Ghinchitia • painted a: her in the Press, 

November in which ■ an esti- hi the opinion of experts, contrasting her attitude with 
mated 25,000 people perished, ™ftke the other towns, Mari- that of Uto’s two sons from his 
was yesterday reported to be Quita tod C hi nc hin a would be two previous marriages, who 
diminishing, in th©- sudden m tich more vulnerable and have . renounce d all daim _ to 
weekend upsurge of activity it would have fer less warning in th eir fa ther’s estate regar ding 
bad emitted sulphurous ashes the event of another big everythin® connected with his 
rad eases.: eruption.. life as part of a public trust 

From Christopher Thomas 

Americans have been getting 
divorced less. For the second 
consecutive year, after 20 years 
of relentless increases, the rate 

dipped in 1983, according to Annitage, said his delegation 
government statistics. But a] so asked Hanoi if 

nobody is predicting a trend: Americans were still held in 
marriage break-up is almost Vietnam, 
certainly heading for even “The Vietnamese side ex- 

greater records. pressed their position that there 

Analysts attribute the decline are no live Americans under 

Hanoi (Reuter) - US rad the issue within two years or nent liaison office in Hanoi 
Vietnamese delegations said even sooner,” Mr Armitagq staffed by US technical person- 
yesterday they had agreed to said. neL 

work together to solve within Mr Annitage, the Assistant The Vietnamese Foreign 

Paul Minister, Mr Nguyen CoThach, 
other called the talks fruitful and said 

work together to solve within Mr Annitage, the Assistant 
two years the issue of hundreds Secretary of State, Dr Paul 
of American servicemen miss- Wolfowitz, and five other 
ing in the Vietnam War. Americans were the highest- 

ing in the Vietnam War. Americans were the highest- both sides agreed to improve 

The American Assistant Sec- ranking US officials to visit cooperation to speed up the 
retary of Defence, Mr Richard Vietnam since the war ended in tracing of 1,797 missing Ameri- 
Armitagc, said his delegation 1975. They stayed 24 hours in cans. 

had also asked Hanoi if the country. The Minister of State for 

Americans were still held in The two sides agreed to meet Foreign Affairs, Mr Vo Dong 
Vietnam. again in Hanoi next month Giang, told a news conference 

“The Vietnamese side ex- when Vietnamese officials will 

Boyfriend’s gift of life 

maiion to students canting the grouped , a& at present^ in 

spread of unrest on China's tite lalxror contiyt for health 
campuses. workers (John Earl writes). 

The commentary on bureaup- *■ 
racy is linked to rumour-mong- 

ers. said one diplomat, “It’s ** d 00100 

much easier to hang a charge of 10 u 1 ®™- 
bureaucracy and dereliction of . “We Italian hospital doctors 
duty on a person than to accuse are the worst paid in Europe”, 
him of gossiping,” he said. “But said Pr’.Aristide Pad, secretary 
those cadres who have- been of_one off the. organizations, A 
disguising their lack of enthuti- cfoef- physician receives atiasxc 
asm for economic reforms had’ salary before' tax. of 2,760,000 
better watch out.” .lire (£13,800) a year. 

of one of the organizations. A 
effief-'phytirian. receives a basic' 
salary before tax of 2,760,000 
lire (£13,800) a year. 

• . - '• - 

Trinidad prepares to 
resume executions 

From Jeremy Taylor, Fori of Spain 

Hastening a Caribbean trend Thomas and. Paul were 
back towards han g in g , Trinidad cohvicted' of complicity in the 
and Tobago is preparing to shooting of a policeman in the 
resume executions alia a gap of aftermath of Trinidad’s 1970 
more than six years. Guyana upheaval rad were sentenced to 
resumed han ging s in August, death in 1973; Thomas is a 
and Jamaica in 1980 after a gap convert to -.Islam and has 
of four years. written a book on th e Isla mic 

Death warrants were read last resurgence. Paul has written a 
month to two prisoners in die book of poems. Paul has been 
state prison in Port of Spain, receiving psychiatric treatment 
Andy Thomas and Kirkland, and last year asked to be hanged 
Paul, giving them 14 hours’ rather than suffer further delay, 
notice of execution. Lawyers Both men V ap£eals_ were re- 
worked through the night for a jected by- the Privy. Council m 
stay of execution, which was London, and appeals against the 
finally served on reluctant death, sentence- on conxti- 


'"A' v.v 

v.-' *\t 

“If I should die I want 
Donna to have my heart,” 
Felipe Garza (left) aged 15, told 
his parents, test month (Trevor 
Fishlock writes from New 
York); Donna Ashlock (right) 
his girlfriend, aged 14, was 
dying because her heart was 
enlarged. A transplant was her 
only hope. Felipe died suddenly 
last weekend of a brain 
haemorrhage. His parents 
remembered his request and 
' contacted Domra’s parents. 
Surgeons in San Francisco 

removed the boy's heart and 
implanted it in Donna. 

Yesterday she seemed to be 
making satisfactory progress 
and doctors were waiting mi til 
she is stronger before texting 
her of Felipe’s death. A doctor 
said: “This little girl was going 
to die. By a quirk of fete rad an 

act of God she received this gift 
from a friend.” In the small 
farming town of Patterson, 
California, Donna’s Esther said:! 
“It’s a miracle. Felipe was a 1 
hero.” I 

to some cold realities, not least 
of which is the cost of divorce. 
The recession in 1981, kept 
many couples together, for the 
simple reason that they could 
not afford to go separate ways. 

Jean van der Tak, of the 
Population Reference Bureau, 
an independent Washington 
research group studying popu- 
lation, said: “Divorces cost 
money. Divorce often is a 
reflection of economic times.” 
With the recession over, she is 
confident that the 1984 and 
1985 figures will show in- 

There were 1.158,000 div- 
orces in 1983, about 12,000 
fewer than in 1982. according to 
the National Centre of Health 
Statistics. In 20 years the 
number of divorces has trebled. 

Apart from cost, the dip in 
divorces is a reflection of a 
decline in marriage rates among 
the career-conscious baby-boom 
generation in the 1970s. That 
generation married unusually 
late, so that partners were more 
mature and thus more likely to 
stay together. 

The average length of mar- 
riages ending in divorce was 9.6 
years in 1983. The divorce rate 
was highest among men aged 20 
to 24, and among women in 
their teens. Rates declined 
sharply among people in their 
40s, and even more so when 
they reached their 50s. 

Since people have been 
marrying later, the average age 
of those getting divorced has 
increased. The average for 
husbands at the time of divorce 
was 36.1 in 1983, against 34.8 in 
1978. For women, the average 
age at divorce rose from 32.1 to 
33.5 in the same period. 

“The Vietnamese side ex- when Vietnamese officials will on Monday that improved 

pressed their position that there submit new data on 50 missing cooperation on the missing 

are no live Americans under Americans. Excavations of issue had helped improve 

their control,” he said. Hanoi aircraft crash sites also will be bilateral ties, 

had said it would accept any discussed. He said Hanoi would not use 

information the United States Vietnam, meanwhile, will the issue as a bargaining chip 


information the United States 
had on this subject and would 
investigate, he added. 

“The US delegation is 
pleased with the discussions 
and the agreements to resolve 

He said Hanoi would not use 
the issue as a bargaining chip 

continue its own excavations for the normalization of re- 
and investigations, with US lations, adding: “We are used to 

help and equipment if needed. 

But Mr Annitage said there 
was no need yet for a penna- 

long years without diplomatic 
relations with the United 

India and Pakistan work Ershad poll 
towards a peace treaty facing threat 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamabad of boycott 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamabad 

Several rounds of formal this year, when it is hoped a 
high-level meetings between durable peace agreement, cover- 
India and Pakistan are planned ing trade and economic and 
in the next fortnight to improve industrial collaboration as well, 
relations and with the objective will be signed, 
of signing a peace treaty later Meanwhile, the Foreign Of- 
this year. fice spokesman issued the 

„ , . _ __ programme of the three-day 

A Pakistan Foreign Office visit to Pakistan of President 

n isman said_ yesterday that Khamenei of Iran from next 
nance ministers of the two Mondav. He will have talks 
countries will open talks in ^ih General Zia rad Mr 
Islamabad today to examine the Mohammed Khan Junejo, the 
possibility of increasing trade prime Minister, on global, 
and economic collaboration. regional and bilateral issues. 
The defence secretaries will deluding the West Asia situ- 
meet here next weekend to ? bon * die G> ^ w f’ 
discus5 the Siachen Glacier ,stan ““ 1116 role °* the 
issue, which has brought fre- superpowers. ..... 
quern clashes between Indian . ls behaved ^ to be the 

be the 

Chun reshuffles Seoul cabinet 

MWVUl VMMUM UWfc»» M1VUMU . » n - J . I- 

and Pakistani troops, with h? ^ an President s first state 
considerable loss of life on both His choice of Pakistan for 

that visit is seen here as 
' significant. General Zia visited 
The foreign secretaries are to ^ March 1981 as a 

meet from January 16 to 21 to member of the Islamic Confer- 
carry forward the discussions on ence peace committee, 
marrying the Pakistani proposal 
of non-aggression and the » _ ■■ ■ jy - 

Indian offer of a treaty of peace, j SOntites-^ l china 

friendship and co-operation >s, n?Si£LH 

initiated about three years ago. J 

The spokesman said they would 

also discuss other “confidence- ***'*», * 

building measures”. ■ (? Jammu a Jhgp’ 

The meetings are a result of 

vuim — . , , the summit between President 

Seoul . ' (AFP) - President would not liquidate the debts at chairman of the joint chiefs of Zia of Pakistan and Mr Rajiv 
1UH Doo-Hwan of South a single stroke. staff Mr Lee Ki-Baek, was made Gandhi, the Indian Prime 

; treatment Chun Doo-Hwan of South a single stroke. staff Mr Lee Ki-uaeic, was mane 

» be hanged Korea reshuffled his Cabinet Various companies, mostly Defenre Minister in succession 
rther delay, yesterday, promoting his well- overseas construction firms, to Mr Yoon Sung-Mm. 

S’ were re- regarded Fmance Minister, who shipyards and shipping firms, The Vice-Minister lor Home 
Council in immediately said .he would are reported to have incurred Affairs Mr Lee Kyu-Ho, was 
tackle the pressing problem of bad debts to banks of about $6.5 appointed Construction Mmis- 
corporations with bad debts. billion (£4.42 billion). ter in succession to Mr Kim 

C .Jammu & sm: 


Minister, in Delhi last month. 

Mr Gandhi has promised to 
visit Pakistan by the middle of 

From Ahmed Fazl 

There is uncertainty about 
elections being held in Bangla- 
desh after the leader of the 
largest opposition party said she 
would boycott them if martial 
law were not lifted first. 

Sheikh Hasina Wazed, head 
of the Awami League, which 
ruled Bangladesh from 1972 to 
1975, told a big rally on the 
Dhaka University campus that 
martial law would have to be 
lifted and a caretaker govern- 
ment formed before the polls. 

President Ershad promised a 
general election by April this 
year, after almost four years of 
.-military rule. 

But he denied that there were 
any plans to lift martial law or 
that he would resign before- 

Sheikh Wazina said: “If wc 
'take part in the polls under 
'martial law. the military will get 
fits own people elected,” the 
league, which is leading a 15- 
party alliance, would not allow 
the military to rule under the 
jguise of democracy. “We will 
rather fight on the streets than 
,go io the polls.” 

1 On Monday, Mrs KhaJedia 
‘Zia. leader o*f a seven party 
opposition affiance, called for 
the resignation of the Govern- 
ment before the polls. 

At least three attempts to 
|hold elections have been 
thwarted by boycott threats 
(from the two affiances. 

prison authorities 45 - minutes, rational 
before the bangings were due, drawn in 

were with- 

corporations with bad debts. 

A presidential spokesman 

ter in succession to Mr Kim 

Btfssass- sa anas SkS® — 

previous Cabinet, Sung-Bae, while the Bank of 
- - ■ — President Mr nUr " 

Sikh rebels step up Punjab killings 

ailDOugO me pruusas wot® uvi tu TVmiTv PrifTii* 

told for several more hours. A - tion Th^t in unofficial moiBr • . ■ * rnnniWip ng| n r ■■ . ~ ^ ■ f t^ Th^ Presidential secretary lor j-^cuu — ji&u cAucmihu uavc 

Srnt heSis scheduled for STSrfStf SSt tp fflakc f ° f ** ^Chrag stepped up violence ail over 

tomorrow, when lawyers vriff Of newly- 30 pntoncrejm Sht ^omSblios the 22- re ^h the 1986 Asian names Kwan?K>n&bSune Minister Punjab, killing nine people 
argue new constitutional mo-. Death Row, .several .were e, § il1 t “* 1 . n r General Government Ad- yesterday (Kuldip Nayar 

lions. Two, other prisoners lave . more ^ ^ SlS Jr S ministration rad the Science It is probably in 

masse at an hour-long special and Resounds Minister. ^ 
nwtinff to make wav for the The Presidential Secretary for 

tomorrow, when lawyers w rff 

The Presidential Secretary for - Sikh extremists have 

Judiciary afiaira, Mr Chung «epp«f up violence all over 

killed at Ferozepur outside a accept them since the Sikhs feel 
cinema hall, three died in a .lhai they rend io side with the 

&^3jgg3§^ mmg fesiSSB S&&L- 

shoot-out in Nurmahal in 
Jalandhar district and one was 
shot dead in each of Sangrur, 
Amritsar, Faridkot and Jaland- 

Delhi has long offered io send 
more central reserve police but 
the state has been reluctant to 


In Delhi, two Hindus were 
shot dead from a car near a 
college. Police have tightened 
security around public figures in 
case Punjab extremists try to 
create panic inaDelhi. 




After the disaster of Heaven ’s Gate, the director Michael Cimino (below) 
has come bouncing back - but Year of the Dragon, which opens in London 
this week, is surrounded by controversy too: Simon Banner reports 

An obsession with the legacy of Vietnam 

Five years ago the director Michael 
Cimino made a film which, among 
other things, blighted his career, 
brought a major studio to its knees and, 
some said, single-handedly drove 
Hollywood into a period of recession. 
Heaven s Gate opened on to hell. No 
one is going to associate him with the 
imminent demise of cinema this week, 
but, even so, Qmino's return to film- 
making, marked by Year of the Dragon, 
which opens at the ABC Shaftesbury 
Avenue on Friday, has not been the 
quiet afiair he might have hoped for. 
The film has stirred up a hornet's nest 
of critical aggression as wefl as wider 
objections that it is both sexist and 

Set in New York’s Chinatown, 
Dragon pits an over-zealous policeman 
against the ruthless leaders of the 
Triad -style underworld to create a 
thriller as exciting and exotic as a 
Chinese New Year's Day parade, if a 
good deal more violent It is a lustrous, 
occasionally nightmarish movie, skil- 
fully orchestrated to maintain a 
calculated!? high pitch of emotion and 
excitement It makes one glad that, as 
the T-shirts at MGM have been 
proclaiming for some time, "Cimino is 

About the critical reception afforded 
his work Cimino must have learnt to be 
stoical. The game-playing of some 
.American critics in response to Year of 
the Dragon - “could do for Chinese 
restaurants what Jaws did for beaches" 

- can probably be shrugged off. Not so 
easily the weightier objection of a 
Boston newspaper: “Cimino didn't 
direct a movie, he choreographed a 
racist's temper tantrum”. Which to 
-3me extent he did, for at the centre of 
lhe. film's plot is Captain Stanley 
White, played by Mickey Rourke, a 
n ol iceman whose enthusiasm to c lean 

up Chinatown is suspiciously manic. 
What begins as old-fashioned idealism 
ends as a crazy failure to distinguish 
clearly between Chinatown and Viet- 

The idiocy might not be quite 
Ramboesque in its proportions, but 
Cimino’s continuing preoccupation 
with Vietnam's legacy has run him into 
trouble before now. The Deer Hunter 
was accused of right-wing extremism. 
There are those who say that Cimino 
depicts racism, and there are those who 
think Cimino is racist. 

The American press has complained 
about Year of the Dragon ; so have 
politicians; and so, more to the point, 
have crowds of protesters outside 
cinemas across the States, prompting 
an unprecedented response fro._i the 
distributors. Three weeks after Dra- 
gon's initial release, an apology was 
added to the film's opening credits: 
“This film does not intend to demean 
or to ignore the many positive features 
of Asian-Araericans . . . .Any similarity 
between the depiction in this film and 
any association, organization, individ- 
ual or Chinatown that exists in real life 
is accidental.” 

Everything must seem like anti-cli- 
max though after Heaven s Gate, On its 
way to becoming a byword for movie 
business profligacy and probably the 
most famous little-seen film of all time. 
Heaven ‘s Gate sank the company which 
made it. United Artists, who were 
swallowed up by MGM, and caused 
one of the more spectacular of 
Hollywood’s recent displays of corpor- 
ate blood-letting. 

Prime mover in all the money-spend- 
ing and money-wasting was clearly 
Michael Cimino. In the first six days of 
shooting his supposed Western epic, he 
used 60.000 feet of film at a cost of 
$900,000 and yet produced only one 

and a half minutes of usable screen 
material. What that meant for his 
schedule was that, after six days, he was 
already five days behind. Before he had 
finished, Cimino left one horse dead 
and, apparently, another with psychi- 
atric problems - to say nothing of his 
cast - while, at a cost of $3 6m (or 600 
per cent over budget), he had produced 
a movie which attracted such notices as 
“a ponderous spectacle made by a tiny 
talent of dubious sensibility". 

Steven Bach, former head of 
production at United Artists, who 
recently catalogued the affair in his 
Final Cut: Dreams and Disasters in the 
Making of Heaven’s Gate (Jonathan 

Cape, £12.50), still has a question he 
would like to put to Michael Cimino, 
not having had much contact with him 
since the last days of the- film’s 
production. “I would love to ask him . 
how he felt when the Heaven’s Gate 
. thing happened. Amongst all else, the 
Press ridiculed him, yet he never 
seemed at all fazed. 2 don’t suppose 
he’d answo 1 the question though." 

Bach's impression of Cimino is dear- 
enough even from the index of Final- 
CuL Under a of “CSmino, 

Michael, character and personality of*, 
there are page references to “megalo- 
mania”, “narcissism", “need for 
control" and “sulks and silences**, 
although balanced against that arc 
references to "energy", “enthusiasm**, 
"professionalism" and “perfection- 

“I tried not to be judgemental’’, 
Steven Bach insists. "Mr Cimino is a 
very good film-maker a n d a brilliant 
technician. But he obviously needs a 
strong producer to keep him m check, f 
realize that I made a lot of mistakes, 
but in the end it was Michael Cimino 
who made Heaven’s Gate.” That being, 
by implication, the biggest mistake of 
them all, although Cimino, of course, 
has proved to be the only survivbr of 
the debacle. 

Ironically enough Dragon was made 
for MGM (or rather MGM/UA as it 
became after Heaven’s Gate), who were 
also wise enough to make sure CSmino 
was teamed up with the apparently 
requisite strong producer in this case 
Dino de Lauren tis. As Cimino has been 
gleefully pointing out to reporters, he 
came in eight days ahead of schedule 
on Year of the Dragon, and within his 
budget too. Future projects are already 
“in development". Cimino is tun only 
back. He is back, it seems, to stay. 

No way to end a meal: Mickey Romlce as Captain Stanley WfeHe^ with 
Ariane as life dinner gjust, abort to settle tip in YearoftkeDeago u- 


DoraM Cooper 

HelTs Angels 

Royal Court 

Monday night's opening per- 
formance of the first of Nigel 
Osborne's operas for 1 986 
allows one to speak with some 
confidence of the second. 
Whatever else may be true of 
The Electrification of the Soviet 
Union, as his piece for Glynde- 
bourne is now called, it cannot 
possibly be as dreadfhl as Hell’s 
Angels. Just at the moment I 
cannot think of an evening in 
the theatre I have enjoyed less. 
Even The Magic Flute at the 
ICA last month had the odd bit 
of recognizable music. No, this 
really was the pits. And at least 
it was so consistently. It started 
terribly; it ended terribly; and 
every teensy little bit along the 
way was sheeriy, utterly terrible. 

Just possibly, though, it could 
have been slightly worse if there 
had been the minutest sign that 
the composer or his librettist, 
the producer David Freeman, 
had been trying to think 
seriously about the thing. Hell's 
Angels was a rush job. There 
were difficulties about obtaining 
the rights to the work that 
Osborne wanted to adapt, The 
Master and Marguerita. and so, 
v ery quickly, he and Freeman 
cobbled together something 
based on a play by Oskar 
Panizza, The Council of Love. 
giving it their own cheap and 
barely relevant title. 

The basic situation, taken 
from the Panizza, is that God 
ihe Father, Jesus, the Virgin 
Mary and the rest of them are 
tired of the rompings that go on 
a ( the court of the Borgia pope 
Alexander VI, and so they send 
syphilis as an Awful Warning 
I this kind of thing works much 
better in the Iliad, not 10 

- and . ^ - ' 

Sundays too ■ 

Astoria theatre 

mention Offenbach). Freeman 
brings the action up to date as 
well, in order to add what might 
be described as a second 
coming, the advent of Aids, and 
in order also to present scenes 
from the brief papacy of John 
Paul 1, who of coarse is bumped 
off when he tries to go for the 
big guns of the Vatican’s 
banking concerns. 

These scenes, delivered as if 
they were meant to be taken 
quite straightforwardly as a 
sermon on Christian virtue 
faced by corporate evfl. have 
nothing to do with the satirical, 
nonsensical depiction of 
Heaven or the tea party 
corruption of Rome circa 1494 
(really the time comes when one 
has had enough of popes 
copulating with succubi on high 
altars). But the real weakness of 
the opera is much more than 
structural: it is a matter of bong 
quite uninquisitive about the 
moral and theological matters 
that are opened, of being 
blithely casual about the nature 
of good and eviL 

The good, represented by the 
Sunday-school figure of the last 
pontiff but one. is the purest 
milk and water. The evil is mere 
silliness. I have mentioned one 
example: there are others, such 
as the pope’s (Alexander VL to 
be sure) scattering of hosts like 
confetti over his bastards and 
concubines, or the naked 
wrestling out of Women in 
Love, or the acted coupling 
done for the benefit of the 
Borgias. It is all a sham, as light 
as a feather. No wonder poor 
Satan cuts so weak a figure. 

There is just the faintest 
possibility that a composer 
could have wrested something 
out of this mess, but perhaps 
Osborne was wise not to try. A 
great deal of the dialogue is 
delivered in speech, which 
makes the sudden bursts into 
song uncalled-for: one suspects 
people are starting to go crazy. 

The predominance of speech 
over music also gives the score 
an incidental air, which its 
substance does nothing to 
counter. There are occasional 
scenes where Osborne appears 
to be trying, notably that for 
Satan and his four potential 

The Importance of 
Being Earnest 
Playhouse, Oxford 

God as ailing Ayatollah: Tom McDonnell 

Un virgin Marys, but very often 
he just throws in tape or 
percussion to make a noise. Up 
to a point one sympathizes, but 
not at the end, where he so 
completely goes along with 
Freeman's sentimental apothe- 
osis of the Aids victim. 

' In that role is Omar Ebrahim, 
who. not for the first time in a 
Freeman production, stands out 

for the strength of his baritone 
and his physical presence. Other 
Opera Factory regulars among 
the cast indude Marie Angel, 
lewd and lovely in a variety of 
roles, Hugh Hetherington as a 
curiously staid Borgia pope, and 
Tom McDonnell as God in the 
guise of ailing Ayatollah. Diego 
Masson conducts. 

Paul Griffiths 

Wilde's only really good play 
bears the noblest characteristics 
of a champion boxen light on 
its feet, unerring in its combi- 
nation punches and capable of 
soaking up most of the punish- 
ment going. It has much need of 
this last quality in surviving 
Richard Williams’s .production. 

“This is no time for wearing 
the shallow mask of manners”, 
expostulates Cecily. Naturally, 
given the Wildean principle of 
inversion, the whole piece is an 
exercise in wearing masks, and 
the shallower the better - how 
else perceive the excellently 
tough bone-structure beneath? 
The masks should be well-fitr 
ting and lightly worn; what they 
must; not be is- over- 
laden with decoration. Maimers 
are everything, mannerisms 

In my view, the thing only 
works if Algernon ' is tho- 
roughly camp - not sexually 
equivocal, simply camp, with 
all the teasing poise and glide 
the word implies. Chris Hunter 
is about as camp as a second- 
hand video salesman. He 
cannot help it, of course, any 
more than I can, but- the fact 
remains that he is woefully 
miscast in the role. 

It seems a fair presumption . 
that Mr Hunter’s extraordinary 
mannerisms - his sedulous 
skipping, his windmilling 

hands, his constant air. of r 
stand-up comic acting camp - 
are designed to mitigate his own 
stolidity. There is certainly, an 
alarming current of burlesque in 
his per fo rmance, at its most 
damaging in his first interview 
withCecuy. . 

David Mallinson’s . Jade is 
happily made of sterner stuff as 
anyone who has spent his life 
standing in for a three-decker 
novel needs to be, but neither of 
the male leads speaks with quite 
the pukka accent one . would 
expect. That is left to the ladles: 
Christine Kavanagh’s Gwendo- 
len,. Elizabeth Kelly’s Miss 
Prism, Natalie Ogle’s Cecily. 

Andree MeDy’s purple-clad 
gorgon of a Lady Bracknell 
manages to hit at least two 
separate notes on most of the 
vowels she utters (par for the 
course) although her rendering 
of “A handbag?” -• the most 
resonant three syllables in stage 
comedy - emerges as a deliber- 
ately soft-pedalled quaver : of 
wonderment rather than 'the 
traditional piaster-erasing organ 
note. . ' 

And yet. and yet., “The 
muffins”, as Algernon insists, 
“are the same." The script’s 
dazzling interplay of cynicism 
and home truths, the faultless 
skewering .of snobbery, . the 
Sterling elucidation of women's 
constancy and men’s flightiness 
- these are imperishable. It 
takes more than an indiffgrppt 
production to conquer . this 
redoubtable old battleaxe of a 

Martin Cropper 


Gbosts In the Machine (Chan- 
nel 4)- wasL concerned, with the 
innovative use of video in 
televiabn. The most important 
aspect of video is its cheapness: 
it can therefore be employed by 
“ordinary 1 ]’ people, and cabks 
channgfc jn the United States, 
have shown just how populist a 
medium television can become 
as a result, but the fact fbatit is 
so cheap also means that it lias 
become available to artists who 
would otherwise find wodring 
in television, to. be prohibitively 

. Last night’s pro gramm e was 
concerned primarily with the 
latter group - or ’^video-mak- 
ers", as some of them choose to 
call themselves. Not all the 
technical advances in .the world 
could compensate for the lade 
of inventiveqjess' in a few of 
them, but niaoy faere highly 
imaginative. One film of a man 
spraying his- fempit with deodo- 
rant may' mot have . been 
everybody’s jMea of fim. and 
Laurie Anderson, banging her 
head might not be everybody’s 
idea of a cultural experience, 
but there were' other artists who 
used the slightly plastic quality 
of video sound and vision to 
great effect ... 

I particularly: liked the spec- 
tacle of one young man walking 
through the streets of a great 
city, clutching a pair of drum- 
.sticksand making-music out of. 
everything he passed. There was 

also a rather touching: film 
entitled Rene and Georgette 
Magritte After the War. which 
employed the sort of domesti- 
cated surrealism which is one of 
the main props of video-art. 

Of course the standards of 
ordinary .television are derived 
from its status as a populist 
medium and from its less happy 
role as a devourer of money; the 
expensiveness of production 
may mean that a great deal of 
rubbish is given only a bright 
visas! gloss, but it does also 
mean that the work of some of 
these video-artists ■ necessarily 
looks slightly . amateurish or 
even tatty. 

Many of the video-artists 
themsdves comment explicitly 
on conventional television, 
generally by parodying it And 
the fact that most of these films 
are also very short prompts one 
to make an analogy with the 
notorious dwarf an the should- 
ers of the giant; video-art is in 
the same position with ortho- 
dox television, and sometimes 
it con see further - it can see 
into the future, when - the 
medium win be as- ubiquitous 
and; as little regarded as the 
streets upon which we walk. 
The - video-makers may then 
become the pavement artists of 
their period - a distinct and not 
dishonouraide position. 

Peter Ackroyd 


Barnstorming brilliance 

PLG Young Artists 

Purcell Room 

The 525,600 Minute Waltz 

Timing is of die utmost importance when perfecting a Steinway piano. 
It takes one year of skilled craftsmanship using materials that have been 
nurtured and matured for half a decade. A performance that begins with 
the traditional seasoning of the woods to ensure the excellent formation 
of the inner and outer rim. No wonder Sieitrway pianos have 
accomplished quality, lasting value and durability. A. piece de resistance 
renewed the world over. 

See one. touch one. play one. own one. 


Hall ■ ** Marylcbonc Lane, Wigmore Street, London W|. Td: OM87 3391. 
rase send mg fell details of Slciiwgy Pianos D 1 would Ifrc a demonstration O 




‘Sttiiraay pianos can also be seen in Belfast, Bolton, Chester. Edinburgh. 
Glasgow. Huddersfield. Liverpool. Manchester. Nottingham aad^Oxfort. 

It is appropriate that the Park 
Lane Group’s annual offering of 
"Young Artists and Twentieth- 
Century Music” (10 recitals in 
five frenetic evenings) should be 
London’s first major concert 
series of each new year. Its 
heady harnessing of talented 
performers to stimulating reper- 
toire invariably persuades one 
to look to the future optimisti- 
cally even if, regrettably, experi- 
ence suggests that most of these 
performers will need to modify 
their adventurous instincts 
considerably to earn their crust 
round the country’s music 

It would be a pity if the 
pianist Nicholas Unwin ever 
played safe, for he opened the 
senes with a barnstormer of a 
recital: three ferociously diffi- 
cult works played with out- 
standing technical prowess and 
admirable energy. The only 
criticism could be that be made 
tittle of what moments of 
respite there were - the central 
Nocturne of Constant Lam- 


St John’s/Radio 3 

Zvi Zcitlin is a fairly unfamiliar 
name in Britain, a situation 
which must be about to change 
if this recital is anything to go 

Here was a superlative 
exhibition of violin-playing, a 
remarkable example of how an 
absolutely assured technique 
can be put to the service of the 
music itt question. Zdtlin 
displayed a kind of anti- 
virtuosity which can only be 
achieved by a player with 
virtuoso resources who can 
r-hannel these towards central 
issues rather than peripheral 

ben's 1929 Piano Sonata, for 
instance, where the score’s 
markings of "ironico” and 
"grottesco" suggested a rather 
more pronounced playfulness 
than Unwin had tim e for. 

Elsewhere, however, he tho- 
roughly caught the character of 
the music: whipping Lambert’s 
jazzy and obsessively busy 
fugatos along at a dazzling pace; 
projecting the Messiaen-tike 
textural chunkiness of John 
McCabe’s Variations and finally 
powering through Barfok’s 
Piano Sonata with plenty of 
punchy accentuation. 

The second recital brought a 
first performance: Barry Guy’s 
Whistle and Flute, a bald title 
for a beguiling and many- 
layered work. The interest lay in 
observing how Turkish folk- 
melodies presented by the solo 
flautist, Rachel Brown, were 
transformed by the choir of 
flutes (electronically doctored) 
on the accompanying tape. 

The piece's clearly defined 
shape made following its un- 
folding a pleasurable experience 
- more than one can say for 
Jean -Claude Risset's Passage 
for flute and tape, a tedious 

ones - by an artist, in fact 

Such qualities were especially 
in evidence in Stravinsky’s so- 
called Suite italienne, which is 
actually a violin-and-piano 
arrangement of extracts from 
PulcineUa . I found myself rather 
. preferring the music in thi* 
version, with its dialogue of 
lively rhythmic interchanges 
and its sense of pathos which 
seems to suit the scaled-down 
sonorities of chamber music. 

Much of the violin writing is 
obviously difficult, but Zentin 
made it found easy, with 
faultless intonation and beauti- 
fully poised and precise 
rhythms: the Tarantella scam- 
pered by with breathtaking 
deftness, and an almost 
Krcisler-like singing tone in the 

procession of flute flurries set 
against the fort of taped 
background a skilled synthe- 
sizer player could “compose” as 
he went along. It was good, 
later, to hear Brown’s more 
lyrical qualities, in - Martmu’s 
Flute and Piano Sonata, where 
Susan Tomes’s stylish, springy 
accompaniment was particu- 
larly notable. 

The violinist Lyn Fletcher 
and cellist Martin Loveday 
reserved their best playing for 
an . impassioned and well- 
considered account of Kodaly’s 
long and demanding Duo, Op 7. 
They made . miscalculations - 
though not, mercifully, when 
the Adagio soared gloriously 
into the stratosphere - but they 
also displayed a sure grasp of 
the idiom. 

The pair had seemed a little 
unsettled earlier in Honegger’s 
So na tine, another of these 
terrifying duos with aspirations 
to sound like a quartet. But they 
projected the bitter mood of 
Harms Euler’s Duo well, build- 
ing the melancholy dialogues to 
a savage conclusion. 

Richard Morrison 

Serenata seemed curiously 

Schumann’s Sonata No 2 in 
D minor turned out to be as 
problematical as many of his 
other later works (passionate 
impulses thwarted by square- 
cut phrasing). But Zeitiin made. 

a strong case for rt, skimming, 
effortlessly through its fistfulls 
of passagework and finding 
some sustained lyricism when- 
ever the music gave him the 
chance: Bartdk's early Andante 
of 1902 was song with 
exquisite serenity of tone 
line. Gordon Back’s accompani- 
ments were ideally supportive 
in their unobtrusive and pur- 
poseful musicianship. -V 

^Malcolm Hayes 


T hese high-quality fine-knit V- 
neck. sweaters .. have the 
unmistakable softness of pure wool 
and are stylishly designed to look 
-good on both men and women. The ’ 
V-neck is a classic practical style, 
and the easy-fit raglair shoulders and 
ribbed neck cuffs and hem make 
these sweaters both smart and very, 
comfortable. Teani them with- 
casual clothing for everyday leisure 
wear or with tailored .skirts and 
trousers for more formal occasions. 
Scottish-made from 100%. Merino 
wool, they can he hand-washed or ' 
dry-cleaned, returning to their silky 
softness every time. : 

'T'o add^ an. extra touch; of 
distinction, we have arranged 
for some of the sweaters to be 
embroidered on the left breast, with 
’The Times’; in the paper’s own 
typeface. Choose from-: the 
following:- Navy, blue with white 
embroidery. Wine with . gold 
embroidery and Light blue with 
navy. Sizes:- Small (34”- -36”), 
.Medium (38’’- 40”). Large (40”- 
42”), Extra Large (44”- 46"). 

PRICES: £19.95 with logo 

£1 8.95 without logo. 

The Times Wool Sweater Offer, .• - 

Bourne Road, Bexley, 

Kent DAS IBL. . 

Tel: Crayford 53316 for 

enquiries: only. . 

All prices ate inclusive of post and packing. All 
orders are despatched whhirrT: davs Of receipt - 
-• Please allow up to 14-21 days f6r delivery. 

IJ ,i on arc not satisfied we wilt refund your money 
■ nitlioKttrr-ifi.m. 




: flw «cf. 19 COUpfeK COUfxSmi . - ' 

(Crayford) .0322-58011 . 

MuBudqr- 7 days-a week 






Navj With Log* . 

Nan WMKMiqo 

■ Wine WHh lop-V 

WJbc Without Logo • 

Light. Bloc With Lego 

Lijta Blue Without Lw 

- : 

’ . . 

nfc, . 7; “■ 

’Or debit mi Acccai/Vfah No. 

Emin rai g--:- - • • , • ■ • 

SwmtrOfc-. Boon* iSJ 





i Hi i a 

M iliv 

-i ! ■# 

■ ■ »r 

committed yesterday to expanding our distribution network. 

£ 142 , 000,0 



Digital Equipment Co. Limited, PO Box 110, 
Digital Park, Wbrton Grange, Reading RG2 OTR. 

Tel: 0734 868711/ 




Carving up the County Hall 

issues have attracted as 
roach political hype as abol- 
ition of the Greater London 
Council. Few of the “pro” 
and “anti” claims are proving true 
as the fact of abolition goes ahead. 
Opponents’ cries of “impossible”, 
“disaster”, are fading into mumbles 
of “pointless”, “scrappy”. Equally, 
the Government's assurances that 
mounds of ratepayers’ and tax- 
payers' money would be saved, and 
a hefty slice of bureaucratic fat sliced 
away, are beginning to appear ill- 
founded at the least. 

For the public, who spent most of 
the abolition campaign assaulted by 
propaganda on both sides, April 1 
will come and go with little 
substantial impact. At most, people 
will suffer increased irritation with 
officials, unable to find out where 
they should telephone to complain 
about faulty traffic lights, where to 
protest over the dustman’s dumping 
route, or where their long-standing 
council mortgage is now being 

The Bill, which only a year ago 
was still a potential source of 
embarrassing government climb- 
down, a focus for back-bench 
Conservative dissent and a platform 
for Labour complaint, has faded 
surprisingly rapidly into the political 
background. Since the Bill received 
royal assent in the summer, 
councillors and officials have reluc- 
tantly accepted the inevitable and 
started preparing for the demolition 
of a tier of local government 

Functions are being devolved, 
though often in makeshift haste and 
with unseemly inefficiency. It seems 
unlikely that the predictions of big 
city chaos on March 31 will be 
fulfilled: neither will the Govern- 
ment's projected (but never ex- 
plained) 7,000 job cuts and £50m-a- 
year savings. 

The GLC was bora 11 years-ago 
out of the former London County 
Council, with outer boroughs added. 
Housed in County HaO, directly 
facing Westminster across the 
Thames, it was considered a 
political backwater (it is now 
actually responsible for only 1 1 per 
cent of local government functions 
in London), until it became a thorn 
in the Government's side under the 
left-wing regime of Mr Ken Living- 

He took it over five years ago 
when it was carrying out an accepted 
role running public transport, the 
fire brigade, education in inner 
London, parks, historic buildings, 
council housing, overall planning for 
the capital, and a large proportion of 
main roads. Most other functions 
were in support of other agencies: 

building controls, entertainments 
licensing, technical staff architects, 
research and intelligence are 

But the new Labour group turned 
the GLC into a nati onal platform. 
They devised a London Industrial 
Strategy and spent hundreds of 
milli ons on job creation and 
industrial development They set np 
a women’s committee and handed 
out grants to ethnic minority groups. 
They bypassed the fact that the 
Home Office controls the Metropoli- 
tan Police, and set up a police unit 
to cam paign. Even the Provisional 
IRA and Northern Ireland politics 
were deemed to affect Londoners 
and, therefore, the GLC 

Council housing was already 
being transferred, and the campaign 
for cheap feres led to tubes and 
buses being switched to a separate 
body: London Regional Transport. 
The Government derided, in the 
middle of the 1983 election cam- 
paign, that the rest had to go. 

From April 1 all the GLCs formal 
functions will transfer to the 
boroughs, or to other bodies already 
existing, or to • new bodies being 

S o who, and what, is going to 
replace the GLC? In London, 
the key factor is political 
complexity. The minority of 
boroughs which are under Labour 
control, mostly in the inner city, are 
attempting to keep as many 
functions intact in a city-wide form 
as possible. Their unarticulated aim 
is to leave in place a fragmented 
GLC on ice, ready to be reassembled 
and breathed back to life by a future 
Labour government. 

Conservative boroughs, notably 
in outer London, appear intent on 
peeling oft as much as possible from 
the centre. They want no great 
conglomerate committees, which 
might acquire a spending will of 
their own: services should be settled 
among boroughs with neighbouring 
and mutual interests, they argue. 
Hence the so-called “secessionist 
south” group of boroughs: Croydon, 
Merton, Barking, Kingston-upon- 
Thames and Sutton, which were the 
only ones to gather enthusiastically 
to set up their own waste disposal 
group, as the Government wished. 

Now the rest have been forced 
together into another six groupings 
by an order from Mr Kenneth 
Baker, the Environment Secretary. 
Labour councils had hoped, by 
delaying decisions, to oblige Mr 
Baker to impose a unitary authority, 
and they now expect wasteful 
confusion over the arbitrary borders: 
with 20,000 tonnes of rubbish to 

Op April 1, the Greater London Council, along with the six 

metropolitan counties, will be abolished and its functions devolved. But 
what happens next? Will the shake-up be worth all the fuss? 

spirit away each year, arguments 
between groups over dumping sites 
are inevitable. 

Conflict resolution is mainly 
being left to the newly-established 
London Consultative Committee. 
With a built-in Conservative 
majority of the 32 boroughs and the 
City of London, each with one 
representative. Labour repeatedly 
lose. Yet Londoners may be 
surprised to find that most strategic 
services will be centrally managed 
after next April, either by nominated 
boards, or by joint committees 
comprising appointed councillors 
from the boroughs. 

The greatest uncertainty lies 
among the GLCs 21,500 employees. 
The 8,050 fire-fighters and back-up 
staff will transfer at Hoc to the new 
London Fire and Civil Defence 
Authority (LFCDA) composed of 
nominated councillors, but Con- 
servatives are already airing the 
possibility ofa 10 per cent staff cut 

About 3,700 will go to the new 
directly-elected Inner London Edu- 
cation Authority, and the London 
Residuary Body says it will take 
Z247. mostly finance administrators 
and clerical staff Manual workers 
(4,000 of the remainder) are 

expected to receive a guarantee from 
the Labour boroughs of work in 
parks, cleaning, catering and sup- 
plies. But at least 6,500 white-collar 
staff are still unsure of their 
destination. A Staff Commission has 
been created to find jobs for those 
remaining by abolition day. 

G LC river operations, includ- 
ing the Thames Barrier and 
piers, will transfer with 
between 400 and 600 jobs to 
the Thames Water Authority, an 
unelected body. . Educational mu- 
seums and their staff such as the 
Homiman and Geffrye m useums, 
arc going to the ILEA. The Arts 
Cooncil will take over the South 
Bank, but is receiving an additional 
grant from the Government which is 
less than this year's GLC Spending: 
the result will be up to 100 job cuts. 
While Mr Tony Banks, the GLC arts 
chairman, says aits will return to 
elitism, others look forward to losing 
political pantomimes, both meta- 
phorical and literaL 

Most public controversy is likely 
to focus on grants to voluntary 
organizations. While the Govern- 
ment is determined to end the 

funding of “loony groups”, much 
pilloried over the five years of Ken 
Livingstone’s rule, many charities 
are protesting that abolition threat- 
ens essential voluntary services. 

A London Borough Grants 
Scheme has been established, 
against Labour expectations, based 
at the “lead” borough of Richmond. 
All participating boroughs pay a levy 
on population, with a committee 
comprising one representative coun- 
cillor from each. A £24.6m budget 
for next year is deemed by some 
Conservative and Alliance represen- 
tatives to be adequate for supporting 
the genuinely eligible London-wide 
bodies currently fended by fee GLC 
While they argue that only fringe 
and covertly political organizations 
face demise, the Labour-controlled 
Association of London Authorities 
(ALA) claims , feat cuts of up to 
£14m win hit arts groups- particu- 
larly hard and force others to dose 
or slim down. 

An extra £ 13.8m is being pro- 
vided by the Government towards 
local groups based in one borough, 
which they say is insufficient to take 
over £30m support from the GLC 
Certainly the. London Voluntary 
Service Council says some oiganiza- 

Tangled lines cross the troubled Heath 

Of the thousands of separate 
properties owned by the Greater 
London CoancQ, Hampstead H eath 
is proving by far the hardest to get 
rid oL The Government’s abolition 
blueprint says that open spaces 
owned by the GLC shonld be 
switched after abolition to the 
borough councils in whose areas 
they lie. Hampstead Heath, north 
London, is crossed by fee bound- 
aries of three boroughs - two 
Labour-controlled and one run by 

The Government tried last year to 
sidestep the tangle by splitting the 
heath between English Heritage 
and the Corporation of London. 
English Heritage, a quango set np 
to manage most of the Govern- 
ment’s stock of castles and historic 
mansions, was to take on Kenwood 
House and grounds, Georgian home 
of the Iveagh Bequest. The remain- 
ing 700 acres of the heath were to go 

Moving home: Kenwood House 

to the corporation, the non-party 
council for the City of London. It 
already manages thousands of acres 
of open space, including Epping 
Forest for other councils. 

Conservative-controlled Barnet 
council agreed, as long as it could 
keep Golden Hill Park, on the edge 
of the heath, for itself. But Labour- 
coutrolled Camden and Haringey 

rejected the City, and Haringey 
supported Camden’s proposal for a 
special Hampstead committee of 
coundiloTs and co-opted wildlife 
and landscape experts. 

Camden says its case is the 
stoogest because its area Includes 
more than three-quarters of the 
heath. So fir only the Kenwood part 
of the Government’s plan has been 
agreed: English Heritage will 
definitely take over fee house, its 
grounds and concert pr o gr am me in 
the spring. 

As the argument continues, it 
looks as if the heath will spend the 
first year of its life after abolition in 
the hands of the London Residuary 
Body, the quango set up to settle 
GLC assets, staff and tasks for 
which no new homes have been 
found on abolition day. 

Hugh Oayton 

lions are already planning to. issue 
' protective redundancy notices to 

Mr Peter Bowness, Conservative 
chairman of the consultative com- 
mittee, has accepted that the GLCs 
research and intelligence unit , is a 
dear example of an organization 
that would be “more effectively 
handled by a London-wide agency”. 
But, in spite of the two politically 
opposed councils of Westminster 
and Idingtou potting forward joint 
proposals &f a “lead" borough take- 
over, fee "committee -was unable to 
agree, and the residuary body has 
been asked to take it over. • 

The 650-staff research junction is 
widely reputed id he a model of its 
kind, providing essential infor- 
mation, study arid statistics on every 
aspect of London life; which fee 
boroughs have long relied upon 
without having to pay for it. 

T he Government has agreed to 
baronghs setting up a Lon- 
don Planning Committee, 
bared at Havering, but it 
seems that the lead borough may 
take on no mare than a dozen of the 
900 staff employed by County HalL 
Architects, building control experts 

and planners are srt to be the biggest 

job losers in abolition. Proposals are 
in hand for Camden to take over 
traffic control operations. 

The fist of tasks likely to fall to fee 
London Residuary Body grows ever 
longer. Originally intended .as a 
transitional organization to tie up 
the loose ends of finance and 
administration over five years, it is 
increasingly being asked to adopt 
roles which the successor bodies 
cannot resolve in the short time 

The LRB, an appointed body . 
chaired by Sir Godfrey Taylor, will 
spend more than £600m next year, 
£3 54m in servicing debts. Although 
80 per cent will be recovered in 
charges, the body will have to raise 
£!00m wife a 5p rate precept. 

- Apart from managing GLC 
pensions, tackling the left-over legal 
problems, dosing accounts, and 
paying out compensation and 
superannuation, the residuary body 
has the enormous task of disposing 
of about 10,000 GLC buildings and 
60,000 home loans worth £350m. 

Buildings not tra ns ferred to 
successors will be sold off and the' 
profits used to pay for transition. 
County Hall itself is the subject of 
incessant mmour but no decision: 
the ILEA will move into part of it 
(incidentally having to build a 

complete new canteen system), but 
the grand edifice feeing Westminster 
across fee river could yet end up in 
the hands of the Inland Revenue, or 
become an. hotel and entertainment 

Tbe real questions (who will 
control which body) wifi be decided 
by fee electorate in May, when 
boroughs bold all-out elections and 
new authorities hold their first .. 

there wffi be unaffected by 
I voting because -they are 
/appointed (fee Joint Has-' 

nrntr Commission. Tha mes 
Water, Arts C ouncil, H istoric 
Buddmgs and - , kflo nmneut a .Com- 
mission) but win face tighter cash 
limita. The LFCDA is facing cuts 
and C ons erva ti ve leaders Sre stiflm 
- private talks wife Mr Baker in as 
attempt to raise spending Emits. .. 

Cbangesin fee grant system have, 
however, switched £185m extra into 
London, particularly the inner 
boroughs. Although ministers say 
fee shift is technical, His widely seen 
as an attempt to oai the wheels of 
abolition, keep rale Infix down, and 
.sweeten fee pill for voters and 

The only real financial lore to the 
inner boroughs, mostly 1 Labour- 
coatroQed, wifi be stress borough 
. funding: -in general they gnm from 
the expanded London rate equaliza- 
tion scheme, which tr ans fers money 
from, the richer boroughs like 
Westminster to the poorer. Tower 
Hamlets, for example, wifi see its 
pant almost treble because it is 
faking on around half iff the GLCs 

former housing stock. - 

It wifi, therefore, take several 
years to cataatefc the cost or savings 
of abolition, ud cfahna by father 
political side should be viewed with 

It is hard to avoidthe conclusion 
feat, when historians look bade on 
-GLC abolition, it wifi be seen ft* a 
huge exercise in political cynicism 
on every side. Conservatives will 
maintain that abolition tos justified 
by scrapping a tier of government 
which held undue prominence, 
when it only has direct respougfiffity 
for 11 per cent of London’s service 
spending in local government 
Labour wifi arcue that it was a high 
price to pay tor demolishing Ken 
Livingstone’s power base. 

The voters wifi be forgives, once 
the GLCs “out with a bang” 
firework display on Man* 31 is 
over, for wandering what all fee fuss 
was about. 

Colin Hoghes 


may be entitled to share in a fund worth up to 

$ 30 , 000,000 


Summary Notice of Cbu Action and Proposed Settlement 



If you flew between tbe United States and tbe United Kingdom on 
Pan Am, TWA or British Airways between March 1, 1982 and March 31, 

1984, you maybe entitled to share in a fund with a potential value of 

$30 million. 

Whether you are a company or an individual, if you purchased an airline ticket after February 25, 1982 for scheduled subsonic air travel between the 
continental United States and the United Kingdom during the period March 1. 1982 and March 31. 1984. on Pan Am. TWA. or British Airways, you may be 
entitled to share in a distribution ofa potential fund of $30 million in coupons usable to reduce your cost of future U.5.-U.K. air travel. 

The coupons would be distributed as part of the proposed settlement of ihto antitrust class action lawsuit. Ip re North Atlantic Air Travel Antitrust Litigation, 
Civ. No. 84-1013. currently pending in the United Slates District Court for the District of Columbia. 

If you wish (o share in this settlement and receive your coupimfsi. or to object to this settlement, or to exclude yourself horn this lawsuit, you must fallow the 
procedures set forth in the fuB Notice of Class Action and Proposed Settlement. All claims for coupons must be submitted on the Claim Form that accompanies 
that Notice. 

U you wish to share in the settlement and receive couponfsl, you must complete the Chhn Form and return it postmarked no later than February 16, 1986. 
Failure to submit the Calm Form or to exercise any of the other options described in the Notice of Class Action and Proposed Settlement by February 16, 1986 wfll 
result in the loss of any right to share in this settlement or to recover on the claims asserted in this lawsuit. 

Please do not contact Pan Am. TWAorBntbhAbwpya 

To sbtaio a copy of tbe foil Notice of Class Action *ni 
Pro po se d Settlement, together with tbe Claim Form, you 
mut promptly: 

EUker cafl 718 236 2SS7 fa tbe US, or 
0272 277008 fax tbe KJJL, 

Or complete tfco fan and send it, or simply mud your save 
ndaddms, *■* Hw a fa in i dMtarit the 

appropriate address below: 

Please forward Notice of Class Action and Proposed Settlement to: 


The Settlement Administrator 

P.O. Box 1002 

Bowling Green Station 
New York NY 10274. 


The Settlement Administrator 

P.O.Box 314 
Bristol BS997AW. 









Stepping down from the front line 

Lord S carman may be 

leaving the bench, but 

the 'people's judge* will 
continue to campaign 

for civil liberties 

When Lord Scarman retires 
next week, the law. lords will 
lose one of those-rare law-mak- 
ers who can deservedly be called 
a “people’s jodge”. 

Few can forget fee sight - 
unprecedented for a judge - of 
his tall, slightly stooped figure 
walking the streets of Brixton, 
talking wife ease, warmth and 
concern to young blacks in fee 
aftermath of fee 1981 riots into 
which he chaired an inquiry. 

And when he returned to the 
“front line” there three years 
later to see if relations between 
the community and police W 
improved, he was greeted as a 
long-lost friend and invited to 
join the management board of 
the Afro-Caribbean Club. 

Within fee legal profession, 
too, he is widely admired. A 
colleague said yesterday: *Tm 
very sorry to see him go; he’s 
the best we’ve gotT. His 
contribution, fee colleague said, 
had been great: chiefly “to bring 
a wider social and political 
dimension to fee law; pnt thing* 
in a co nte xt wider than the 
strictly legalistic one”. 

After Lord Denning. Leslie 
Scansan is perhaite fee best 
known of fee conn try’s senior 
jndkiary and, also Kke. the 
former Master of fee BoDs, one 
of the few who can be said to 
have a common touch. - - 

Although he is retiring as fee 
senior law. lord, chief of fee nine . 
judges who sit to constitute the 
highest court in the land, it is in 
extra-judicial work that he has 
chiefly made his- reputation, . 
sitting as an approachable, 
un pompons and fair chairman of 
four commissions of inquiry into 
soda! and public disorder: 
Northern Ireland in 1969; fee 

Lord Scarman: championing a 
Bill of Rights 

Red lion Square riots in 1974; 
fee Gnmwidc dispate in 1977 
and fee Britton disorders in 
1981- . 

His report on tbe 'Brixton 
disorders had fee most wide- 
ranging impact he urged statu- 
tory pofice-amimimity consulta- 
tive committees, reforms, to the 
police complaints procedures, 
access, by lay visitors to police 
stations and, the : doctrine of 
“positive discrimination” tip be 
enshrined in law. 

Most of his proposals are 
now law, . and- when fee Police 
and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 
was passing through Parfia- 
mettt, it was Lord Scarman ’s 
amendment feat made racial 
iHwrimin«fii> ii ~ by fee police a 
specific disciplinary offence. 

Partly because of his public 
role,- and partly because of iris 
own beliefs and commitment to 
Individual rights, he has «!«> 
been one of fee most political 
judges, in fee widest social 

cause of freedom of information, 
calling for fee repeal of the 
discredited section 2 of the 
Official Secrets Act “lock, stock 
and barrel”, and its replacement 
wife a Freedom of Information 
Act. The right to know amt 
obtain information, he argues, is 
too important to be left to 
ministerial discretion. 

A law lord since 1977, 
colleagues say he mnU have 
been senior law ford earlier - 
and his influence g reater — had 
his predecessor. Lord Diploek, 
who died fast year, not held fee 
post for as long as he did. 
Bronght up only a.nrile from 
Brixton, in Streafeam, Lord 
Scarman went to Oxford as a 
c la s sical scholar; was called to 
fee Bar In 1936; became a High 
Court judge in 1961 and an 
appeal court judge in 1973. 

* His judgments often dis- 
senting from the majority — 
nonetheless have made their 

A long-time champion of a 
Bill of .Rights for c oun try, 
he will become the' first judge in 
living memory to introduce a bill 
into the House of Lords which 
will incorporate into. English 
law the avfl rights set oat in the 
European ' Convention on 
. Hum an .Rights. Although retir- 
ing as a faw lord, he will be freer 
to continue ’ fee campaign to 
press feat bill through . fee 

He . has also championed ' fee 

mark, as has _ 

and oratory, praised by 
leagues as “elegant, graceful 
and effective”. His tine was 
nsoaliy the more sociaily jfiberal 
one: in fee recent test case 
brought by Victoria GflHck orer 
a doctor's right to prescribe the. 
pill. Lord Scarman was one of 
three in favour of fee Depart- 
ment id Health’s rued; the 
other two backed Mis GHfifac. 

A firm believer in judges not . 
outstaying their welcome, he is 
retiring six months sgtortnf Ms;.: 
75th birthday iujal£.p4ray, it 
is believed, heqwse to wfr Is 
not In good health. Thfee fa no . 
obvious successor to inherit his 
people's judge” mantle dad he 
will he much nrissqd. V— • > 

Frances Gibb 

Tomorrow: 1 twelve goodfaterr 
and true — tbe defenda&fs 

right to challenge jmofit - . 


1 Sausage in roll (3,3) 
4 Satisfy thirst (6) 

7 B rakin g waves (4) 

8 Supreme master (S) 

9 Congregate (8) 

13 Understand (3) 

16 Beyond criticism 

(5.8) ... 

J 7 Order (3) 


niS(ir indOT<4> 

27 Erase (6) 


1 Mgr 4 ’ 

3 Stable lad (5) 

4 Suppress ■ 

5 Sna ke l i ke fish (4) 

6 Oath (5) 

20 School leave (5> 

IX Consecrate (5) 

12 -Spooky (5) 


ACROSS^- 1 Back no 5 


23 Competent (4). 

>5 Jibe (4) 

18 Measure (S) 

iSfiSlM"? £!&*• ‘Jig; 



J • 




Who has seen JorusHe Matthews, 12 
years oW,.5ft 3in tall, ynsh brown eyes, 
and braces "on' "ter" teeth? 'She' -was 
wearing slippers and probably watching, 
television in her home in Greeley, 
Colorado, on December 20, a year agov 
no one has seen, her since. • > - 

Or Mallory Elizabeth Sutton,, two 
months old, 23 inches long, with^largc 
dimples and a cowlick, in the centre of 
her forehead", left in the care of a new 
baby sitter in Coppell, Texas, last 

Or eight-year-old Tammy L Belang- 
er, last seen at 8am- on November 13, 
1984. in Exeter, ; New, Hampshire, 
carrying a red back-pack with her tiamn 
on it as she set oat for school? 

Their pictures, smiling family snaps 
or formal school photographs,' peer out ; 
from milk cartons, grocery earner bags, 
television screens, collars around bottle - 
necks and labels oh packages across the 
whole of America. It’s part of a new and 
rapidly intensifying move to find -some 
of the 1.8 million chddren reported ^ 
missing each year. ' 

Most of these children are abducted - 
by separated parents in custody battles 
and disappear across state lines into 
anonymity, or are running away from 
home, in which case many return or are 
discovered within a fow day& 

If the children don't come home' 
within about 72 hours, says the National 
Centre for Missing and Exploited 
Children, in Washington, then the 
chances- begin to- rise that something - 
tragic will have befallen them. ' 

In Philadelphia, they have drawn up a . 
profile of the most common of their 
6,000 annual runaways: aged 15 and 

Kyle disappeared ten 
years ago. His parents 
still leave him notes 

Message: with the milk: part of the American find-a-child campaign 

that did much' to push for the Missing 
Children's Act of 1982. This, in -turn. 

Children’s Home launched its appeal for 
£500,000 . before Christmas. British 

has meant that the: FBI win. now enter Transport Advertising hat already said 

eaya of Twigging - chil dren on to its 
computer. - 

In the last couple of years some 1 00 

it will offer the NGH publicity space at 
cost price at bus and rail stations. 
Despite this campaign it will be some 

abused at home and if not retrieved fast, 
virtually certain to he exploited as a 
prostitute or involved in child pornogra- 
phy. . : r- 

Estunates vary wildly, but somewhere - 
between 6,000 and 50,000 children 
missing at this moment are- said to foil, 
into the “stranger abduction category — 
taken by pornographers, paedophiles, 
dealers in. blade market babies . or. 
childless women desperate for a baby Of 
their own. Only two or three v-year are 
kidnapped for ransomu Very fow of the 
rest are ever seen orheardof again, 
though false leads send-fiantic parents 
on desperate searches 'throughout the 
country. Few ditidrenare fouxxi alive. 

rrT. it, 

as he walked the 
150 yardsto school 

Until recently, part of the nightmare 
of parents who suddenly reafced that 
their child had vanished was that they 
had no one to turn to. Police 
departments were often reluctant to take . 
serious steps until a case of abduction . 
had been clearly proved. By then 
valuable hours, in which a kidnapper, 
whether parent or stranger, could cross 
into a neighbouring state, were lost in 
jurisdictional muddles, and foot-drag- 
ging inquiries. 

Then two particular cases stirred up 

public feeling. In Soho, Manhattan, in 
New York. 1 a six-year-old boy called 

New York, 1 a six-year-old boy called 
Evan Patz disappeared as he walked the 
1 50 yards from his front door to school 
and no amount of searching revealed 
any trace of him. And in Honda a 
second six-year-old vanished: Adam 
Walsh, shopping with his mother, in a 
large department store and left alone for 
eight minutes in the toy department 
while she went to buy a lamp. Two 
weeks later, his severed head, was fished 
out of a canal 100 miles away. 

It was the public campaigning by the 
anguished parents of these two children 

the US, with names like Child Find or 
. the Society for. Young Victims, many 
run by parents in search of their own 

In June 1984-tbe National Centre for 
Misting and Exploited Children was set 
up in Washington with -foil federal 
funds. It opened, with 25 members of 
staff and now has 50, coping with some 
600. calls every day ; and recording 
everything froth new cases, to- what it 
■ calls ‘‘sigh tines” of possible missing 

chOdreh— 6,472in the last three month 
poiod alone ~ on to a computer. . 

One of the Centre’s plans is to try to 
make sense of the figures, attempt to 
work out hour many of the 1.8 million 
children are runaways, and how many 
have, been taken by separated or 
divorced parents. Only then will the sire 
of the kidnapping , epidemic really 
become dear. ; 

Confusion over Ihe figures of missing 
children is explained in America by the 
nature of -a society which recently 
forecast that, taking into account 
auicides, drugs, murders and sexual 
abuses, somelSpercenit of its teenagers 
.were '“unlikely to see a productive 

The figures for. such children in 
Britain are not much dearer, even if; in 
comparison, they are extremely small. It 
is known that 25,000 misting people 
were reported to London police stations 
last year. Those not found within 48 
hours were then recorded on the 
Metropolitan Police Misting Persons 
Bureau's computer, which logs most, 
but hot all, of die cases that occur 
throughout the country. ' 

'..At any one moment, the computer 
holds some 2,000 names, of which 10 to 
. 12 per cent are' under 17, together with 
all available details of physical appear- 
ance; under 167 different categories- But 
there is no formal review of success 
rates, so no one can say precisely how 
many of the 20 or so children misti ng at 
any onetime stay misting or are found. 

It is to try to establish precise figures, 
as well as provide a “mutual and neutral 
contact point" 'that -the. National 

lost children begins to approach the 
American phenomenon. 

There, ABC television's Good Morn- 
ing America; the most popular breakfast 
show, puts out pictures of two 
kidnapped children every Friday mom- 



WEDNESDAY. NQV. 13, 1985 

Age: 2 Months - 
Hafn Brownish Red 
Eyes: Blue 
weight: 11 lbs. 

Length: 23 Inches 

Large Dimples, cowlick in 
center of forehead, vein on the 
left side of the bridge of her 

Poster appeal: missing baby 

Gingering up the taste buds 
with a touch of old spice 

iog, while the American Gas Asso- 
ciation includes photographs of missing 
children with the bills they send to 54 
million homes. Some 150 companies 
and organizations are currently contact- 
•ing the National Centre each week with 
offers to display pictures of those 

The advertising programme is not 
without its critics, however, who argue 
that publicity of this kind can only serve 
to terrify children unnecessarily. But it 
has been paying off in Los Angeles, 
seven out of 26 children featured on 

milk cartons not Jong ago have been 
returned to their families. It may not 
bring back the kidnapped but for 
runaways, at least, the intensity of such 
appeals can act as spun to draw them 

The National Centre, which arranges 
for much of the poster and television 
campaigns, also reports successes: 1,653 
children whose cases it has been in some 
way involved in have been recovered. It 
•stresses that none of its work is designed 
to replace the investigations of the 
- police forces. 

And the public, of course, have 
responded: when Jonelle Matthews* 
parents started a letter- writing cam- 
paign. 10,000 people joined in. while 
700 more volunteered to be included in 
a one-day search of the neighbourhood. 

Evan Patz’s parents are still receiving 
about 1,000 leads a year, the most 
recent earlier this month, from Israel. 
Like the o there, it took them nowhere. 

Not surprisingly, perhaps, the pub- 
licity has led to spin-offs, some of them 
more inventive than effective. A 
number of firms have come up with 
identifying microchips, designed to be 
attached to children's teeth or implanted 
in. their feeL Others offer $2,500 
computer print-outs that can project 
from a photograph what a child will 
look like when be is older, or sell bleeper 
systems primed to squeak if a child 
moves out of a given radius from home. 
There are even insurance policies, 
guaranteeing mass publicity if a child 

Jeanne Dillon, one of the National 

former policewoman, points out that 
none of these can actually do much 'to 
recover a lost child. Though hardened 
by years of police work to a great deal of 
human disaster, she finds some of the 
cases upsetting to handle, especially 
when they concern teenage children the 
same age as her own. 

Part of last autumn had been spent 
trying to trace a boy who disappeared 
while on holiday in Switzerland after 
having telephoned -his parents to tell 
them that he was going climbing. That 
was in July. He was never heard from 
again. Loral police, Interpol and the 
boy's father searched the mountains, 
advertised and offered immense re- 
wards. There was a report that he had 
gone off with some, “military types'*. 
Then one day, many weeks later, two 
Spanish climbers saw a body in a 

This land of outcome, a simple if 
tragic accident, is, says Jeanne Dillon, 
extremely unusual. Mostly the children 
are never found; there are not even any 
traces to suggest where they have gone; 
and therefore no reason, ever, to stop 

“The waiting; that is the worst part", 
she says. “Parents are held hostage in 
time. They wait. They cannot get on 
with their own lives. When Christmas 
comes along, they buy the child a 
present in case he should suddenly be 
round and the)' have nothing for him. 
Knowing, even that the child is dead, is 
better than that.” 

Kyle is a boy who disappeared from 
bis house on January 27, 1976; today, 
almost exactly 10 years later, his parents 
leave a note pinned to the fridge 
whenever they go oat, telling him where 
they have gone. 

And- in Des Moines, Iowa, Noreen 
and John Goscb, whose son John David 
never returned from his paper round on 
Sunday, September 5. 1982, keep his 
room, exactly as it was, except for a 
suitcase, packed with some clothes, in 
case they receive a call telling them to 
come and pick him up. 

Caroline Moorehead 

How quickly we take new 
ingredients for granted and 
come to rely on regular 
supplies of commodities once 
thought rare and exotic. Eliza- 
beth David’s remark that 
“green root ginger, so import- 
ant in Chinese, Malay and 
Indian cooking, is hard to 
come by", written in 1970, is a 
reminder of how difficult it was 
to assemble the ingredients for 
a decent curry no great time 

Of course, ginger has been a 
popular spice in English kit- 
chens since it arrived on these 
shores with the Romans. They 
brought us pepper, too. Then 
ginger, like pepper, was used 
with aO manner of other spices 
in sauces and made-up dishes 
of meat, and the persistent 
notion that spices were used to 
disguise mimed flesh is not 
without some historical foun- 
dation. The 18th-century cook- 
ery writer Hannah Glasse 
advised washing too-high ven- 
ison with milk and water then 
rubbing h with beaten ginger. 

The practice of sprinkling 
ground ginger on melon is 
almost as old-fashioned for, as 
Elizabeth David records in 
Spices. Salt and Aromatics in 
the English Kitchen, “in my 
childhood it was customary to 
hand round a bowl of pow- 
dered ginger when melon was 
served as a first course for 
lunch. The ginger was necess- 
ary, we were told, to counteract 
the chilling effects of melon." 

The gi nger called for in those 
old recipes is always dried 
ginger root, whole or ground, 
or sugar-preserved ginger 
which is crystallized or soaked 
in syrup. As everyone now 
knows, fresh green ginger has a 
livelier, more complex taste 
than the dried spice. 

Even better, because it is 
crisp and tender with none of 
the woodiness of most green 
ginger, is “new season's” ginger 
- the first of the year's crop 
which appears in Hong Kong 
markets in the autumn. This 
must be the kind that is used 
for crystallizing and I do not 
suppose it will be long before 
some enterprising importer 
brings it here, loo. With green 
ginger, old or new season's, we 
ran enjoy the spice's subtleties 
as well as its heat. 

If it is reasonably fresh when 
you buy it, green ginger will 
keep for several weeks in the 
salad compartment of a re- 
frigerator. Buy small quantities 
at a time and wrap it closely 
with plastic film. To prepare 
ginger for use in recipes, peel it 
with a sharp knife before 
chopping, grating, slicing or 
crushing the flesh. 

Ginger and saffron were 
combined in Roman recipes 
and the combination still 
works today. Serve this delicate 
sauce with grilled or steamed 
fish or poultry'. It is particularly 
good with scallops. 

Ginger and saffron sauce 

Serves 4 to 6 

300ml (Vfe pint) chicken stock, very 
lightly salted . 

2 tablespoons finely chopped 

1 dove garfic, finely chopped 

2cm (%n) cube fresh green ginger, 
finely chopped 

120ml (4fl oz) dry white wine 

Large pinch saffron 

300m! (VS; pint) double cream 
30g (loz) butter, chilled 

Put the stock in a saucepan 
with the shallot, garlic, ginger 
and wine and bring to the boiL 
.Allow the liquid to reduce 
slowly to about 1 50ral (% pint) 
and strain iL 

Heat the saffron in a ladle or 
small pan on top of the cooker 
until it begins to give off its 
.warm, earthy aroma. Add two 

TOMORROW ;| Ever had that sinking feeling? 

To clear our showrooms we arc offering disiday stock at a massive 
50% - 40% off But bony hi for the best choice! , ■ 

Man in the 
Times Profile 
of Sir 

John Cuckney, 
of Westland 

A Taste of 
Cordon Bleu, 

Practical Cookery Classes 

The Cordon Bleu Cookery 
School announces the start of 
their Spring Programme of 
popular short courses for the 
COOWhoeteem Courses range 
from a half or one day a week 
course for 6-12 weeks to e 
concentrated 1 week ; 
introductory or advanced 

Osesas are small to ensure 
individual attaraiwvTbe 
courses vary to-suit everyone 
from the professional cade to 
the hostess who wants to cook 
wed for terrify and friend*,. 
For further details, please . 
contact: ... 

4 When tie mirror de- 
tached itself from the 
wall and proceeded to 
demolish the washhand 
basin I was not unduly 
perturbed; like myself some 30 
years of . married life had 
chipped it a tittle. Moreover I 
had an insurance policy specifi- 
cally designed for this type of 

My wife and I set forth cm the 
replacement trail and foand 
ourselves in a large emporium 
that was stocked with every type 
of toilet requisite. At first we 
failed to attract any marked 
interest, but eventually a lan- 
guid young man emerged. 

He was surprised to hear we 
had actually come to purchase a 
washhand basin and soon he 

and my wife were engaged in a 
highly technical discussion. 

I felt a little redundant and 
quiedy mused over a bath that 
had evidently been designed for 
Elizabeth Taylor. I was recalled 
from my day-dreams by my wife 
who had apparently found the 
basin which- fitted all her 
requirements. I asked the price. 
The young man evidently 
despised by plebeian outlook 
and murm ured a figure . that 
caused me to sit down heavily on 
a nearby toilet accesory. My 
wife said H was rather dear but, 
after aH, we were insured. I 

Round two consisted of 
obtaining a plumber to carry ont 
the installation. There are 
myriads of plumbers in the 
Yellow Pages, but either they 


. , PERSON vj 

Stanley Morton 

are not resident at _ the address 
given or are committed for the 
next five years. Eventually I 
found one who was actually 
prepared to undertake work. He 
promised to appear within the 
next two days. 

After considerable inflation of 
my telephone bill he eventually 
arrived and carried out an 
inspection. He then departed 
and promised to be back cn 
Tuesday. I foolishly thought 
this meant next Tuesday bet ia 
the plumber’s vocabulary’ * E 
meant Tuesday fortnight- He 

duly turned up accompanied by 
an assistant called Alfie who 
was obviously operating under 
“L" plates. 

Replacing a basin on the site 
of s previous one might sound 
easy. Wrong. It involves strip- 
ping a considerable amount of 
plaster, making a new hole in 
the wait ripping up floorboards, 
and letting quantities of water 
drip through to the floor below. 

After three days of joyous 
abandon the plmnber and Alfie 
disappeared leaving my wife and 
myself to survey the battlefield. 
The basin looked resplendent 
bet above it the wall was 
stripped of plaster and below it 
a gaping kale welcomed in the 
east wind. We now required a 

than the length of the trout 
Fold them in half lengthwise, 
then open them out and brush 
the inside of each paper with 

Oran foe trout, removing 
the fins and trimming foe tails 
but leaving the heads. Slice the 
ringer and spring onions very 

finely and sprinkle half of each 
on the papers. Put one trout on 

Shona Crawford Poole 

tablespoons of stock or hot 
water and leave it to soak for 
five minutes. 

Return the reduced stock to 
the rinsed pan and add the 
cream and saffron with its 
liquid. Allow the sauce to 
simmer and reduce a little 
more before whisking in the 
butter in small pieces. Season 
foe sauce to taste with salt and, 
if you want to intensify the 
ginger flavour, add a little fresh 
ginger juice made by crushing a 
small piece of ginger in a garlic 

This sauce may be made in 
advance and cooled. Reheat it. 
stirring, in a bain-marie or a 
bowl set over hot water. 

Gingering up steamed fish is 
another excellent use for foe 
fresh spice. Whole fish, cutlets 
or steaks can all be cooked foe 
same way with small adjust- 
ments to the cooking times. 
Alternatively, the fish may be 
cooked between two plates set 
over a pan of boiling water. 

on the papers. Put one trout on 
each paper and top with foe 
remaining ginger and spring 
onion, pepper, sail and a 
spoonful offish stock or wine. 

Fold foe paper over foe fish, 
pleating the edges to form loose 
parcels. Start by turning foe 
paper over twice or more on 
one side and working round. 

Heat a baking tin or dish for 
five minutes in a preheated hot 
oven (230®C/450°F, Gas mark 
8). Put foe parcels on the 
heated dish and return it to foe 
oven 'for about 10 minutes. 
Serve foe fish in its parcel. 

Devilled chicken liver paste 
made with fresh ginger can be 
served hot or cold. Either way, 
offer plenty of hot fresh toast. 

Devilled chicken liver paste 
Serves 4 

225g (8oz) chicken rivers 

Salt and freshly ground black 

2cm (y«ln) cube fresh green ginger 
V; teaspoon cayenne pepper 

55g (2oz) butter 

2 tablespoons madeira or sherry 

Clarified butter to cover, see 

Trout with green ginger 
Serves 4 

1 tablespoon oil 

4 fresh trout, about 22 5g (8oz) 

2cm (3/4 in) cube fresh ginger 

4 spring onions 

Salt and freshly ground Mack 


4 tablespoons fish stock or dry 

Clean foe chicken livers of veins 
and any greenish patches 
stained by the bitter-tasting gall 
bladder; mix foe cleaned livers 
in a bowl with a little pepper 
and salt Crush foe peeled 
ginger in a garlic press and add 
it to foe bowl. Refrigerate foe> 
livers for about two hours. 

Melt the butter in a saute pan 
and fry- the livers briefly. They 
should be brown on foe outside 
and still pink in foe centre. 

Put foe livers and butter into 
a processor or blender together 
with ihe madeira or sherry and 
work them to a smooth paste. 
Adjust the seasoning to your 
taste. Transfer foe paste to one 
or more serving dishes - 
straight-sided pots or ramekins 
are best - and serve immedi- 
ately or leave them until quite 
cold before sealing foe pots with 
melted clarified butter. 

white wine 

Cut four large ovals of baking 
parchment or greaseproof 
paper at least 1 5cm (6in) longer 

Spices. Salt and Aromatics in 
the English Kitchen by 
Elizabeth David (Penguin, 

Great Reductions 
on Childrens 

All on the 
First Floor. 



Builders, like plumbers, are 
thick on the ground but consider 
that any work costing less than 
£50,000 is unworthy of their 
profession. Eventually contact 
was nude. Again the process of 
inspection aid respectful inter 
val was observed but, in due 
course, the work was done . 

It was now necessary to re- 
decorate. This followed the 
same pattern and suffice to say 
it was duly completed. 

I relaxed - but too soon - 1 
had forgotten the mirror. We 
decided to cut out middlemen 
and went straight to the factory. 
We were warmly welcomed by 
the manager who was under the 
impression that we were about 
to place an order for a Saodt- 
Arahian sheikh. We explained 
we only wanted a plain mirror 
33ins by 26ins. There was a 
distinct cooling off in his 
manner and he rang for Mr 
Dodds. Mr Dodds was dressed 
in dirty overalls and -we were 
committed to his care. We 
inspected the mirrors available 
and placed oar order. 

The mirror duly arrived and 
is sit ting jn the hall. My friends 
say it is an excellent idea for 
inspecting your shoes. I am 
trying to find a handyman - but 
not too hard because with an 
expenditure of £874 to date I 
can't afford another disaster. 
Meanwhile the insurance com- 
pany have admitted my |1 ^^ rL 
claim and I gaze at their 
cheque for £197- The 
balance they ay is for S 

Example shown: 

Emily Jane gill's coat, 
less than Half Price. 

Harris tweed with 
velvet collate. 

Crape only 
18 months U» 2 years. 
Hamids Orig. Price £49. 75 
Sale Price £24.75 

3 to4 wars 
5 to 7 years 
8 to 12 ware 

Orig. Sale 
Pricp Price 

-£*275 £30.75 
.£67.75 £33.75 

£86.75 £43.25 

Examples not shown: 
Baby Shop Examples 

Baby Shop Examples 
Busier Brown T-shirt 12 to 24 months 
Absorbs sleeper 1 to 24 months 
Absnrba check shirt 3 to 24 months 
Absorbs cord dnnpnet 6 to 24 months 
Childrens Shoes Examples: 

Start-rite suede boots 

Clarks *PixT boots 

Junior Fashions Example at Half Price: 
David Charles dress 8 to 13 years 
14 veare 

£6.75 £3.75 

£13.75 £10.75 
£10.75 £5.75 

£17.75 £9.75 

£17.99 £10.50 
£15.99 £9.50 

£45.25 £22.50 
£ 52 £26 

Junior Underwear Examples: 
Coloured Eights 

VOodl and polymer knee-high socks 
Cotton knee-high «*±s 

Fferit Bateau discontinued lines Half Price: 



Three pairs 

£170 £1.50 

£3.45 £2 
£11 £5 £6.50 

£4.40 £220 
£190 £1.45 

Children's Shop Examples from Jean Bourgel: 

Dungarees 2 to 6 years £10.75 £12. 

Sweatshirts 2 to 6 wars £17.75 £10. 

Shirt 2 to 7 years £13.75 £8.7 

Ifexsomd shoppers only All redactions are from Hanoi* previous prices. 
Sale Opening Hours: Until Sat 18th Jan 9am to 6pm. ^ 

Mon 20th Jan to Fri 3 1st Jan 9am to 5 pm. Weds 9am to 7 pm. 

Sots 9am to 6 pm. 

£1875 £12.75 
£17.75 £10.75 
£1175 £8.75 


LflOOOfl SWW 7XL 01-750 IZ3-1 





I have news for London Weekend 
Television, which has reported Clive 
Footing's solicitor Brian Raymond 
to the Law Society for alleged 
“behaviour not befitting the pro- 
fession”: the complaint has been 
rejected. The row was over Ray- 
mond's representation of Wendy 
" Savage, the London obstetrician and 
“low-iecb birth” advocate who was 
suspended pending an inquiry into 
her handling of live maternity cases. 
Last autumn. LWT negotiated a deal 
with Raymond to interview Mrs 
Savage, agreeing in return to let her 
know of other material it would be 
using in the report. Last month, 
however, after costly research, 
Raymond withdrew cooperation, 
announcing that there was now time 
only for an exclusive pre-inquiry 
interview with the BBC's Panorama. 
Rejecting the complaint, the Law 
Society stated: “Whatever one's 
views of Mr Raymond's conduct on 
the level of personal morality,” there 
was no evidence of professional 
misconduct. Civil action for alleged 
breach of contract remains open to 
LWT. Raymond points out that he 
has acted purely as a “mouthpiece” 
for Mrs Savage. Meanwhile London 
Weekend - which wants to press its 
case further - will show its report, 
minus Mrs Savage, on Friday. 

Play the game 

Yesterday I reported that Kent 
Opera was refused a British Council 
grant to perform Mozart's The 
Marriage of Figaro at the Vienna 
Festival because Mozart was a 
foreigner. Opera North, it seems, 
was more clued up. It applied for 
£12.000 to perform both Verdi's 
Aida and Englishman Sir Michael 
Tippett's The Midsummer Marriage 
at the Wiesbaden festival and has 
received the grant in full. 

Well connected 

Desperation seems to have set in at 
GCHQ. A student from King's 
College. Cambridge, tells me he was 
buttonholed at the GCHQ stand at 
the recent university graduate 
recruitment fair and was told he 
really would enjoy working at 
Cheltenham. The student pointed 
out that his mother was Hungarian. 
No mailer, said the pinstriped 
gentleman. Anxious to escape, the 
student pointed out he had cousins 
in the Czech and Hungarian 
communist parlies. “That is not 
necessarily a drawback.” said the 
man. “Bui I speak no foreign 
languages.” pleaded the student. No 
matter, said the man. adding that he 
knew only Latin and Greek. The 
student finally fled, unpressganged. 


‘And here's Jimmy Savile with the 
stock market closing report' 

Ad and detract 

The Communist Party is outraged. 
The Committee for the Defence of 
the Scottish Steel Industry placed a 
half-page ad in Monday's Daily 
Telegraph seeking donations for a 
publicity campaign to save Gart- 
cosh. This listed as supporters every 
political party in Scotland save the 
Communists - even though they 
have been very active campaigners. 
"It’s a piece of bloody nonsense. If 
it's deliberate it’s even worse,” says 
the CP's Scottish industrial organiz- 
er, John Kay. who is registering an 
official complaint. Keith Bill of 
Union Communications, the PR 
firm handling the campaign, denies 
that the CP was omitted lest it put 
off Telegraph readers. “It simply 
slipped my mind," he insists. 


Talk about a sore point: the MoD 
yesterday called off a press briefing 
on heavy and medium lift helicop- 
ters, due to have been held 
tomorrow at RAF Odiham in 
Hampshire - because it was thought 
“not the right time in the present 
circumstances." An RAF spokesman 
told me: “I am not going to spell it 
out. I am not going to say any more. 
It is not an issue we want to get 
bound up in.” And the word 
Westland never passed his lips. 

Scrap of paper 

The GLC must have thought it had 
got off lightly when the outspoken 
Charles Osborne, who has just 
completed an unhappy stint as Arts 
Council literature director, meekly 
agreed to sign an undertaking never 
to visit South Africa - a condition 
for conducting a public interview 
with Kenneth Williams in the GLC- 
owned Festival Hall. Osborne, 
however, tells me he views the 
undertaking as binding as “a 
promise to Gocbbels not to visit 
Palestine in order to hire the Berlin 
Philharmonic Hall”. His knowledge 
of modem history seems a bit shaky, 
but 1 take his point. PHS 

Ban that could wreck cricket 

Anti-apartheid opinion has been unanimous 
in welcoming the Bangladesh government's 
decision to refuse entry to four members of 
the England B cricket team, whose tour was 
to have started this week. But the decision' 
was wrong, inept and could have disastrous 
consequences for the anti -apartheid cause. 

I do not think that politics can be “kept 
out” of sport- Nor do I accept that 
sportsmen visiting South Africa can ignore 
the wider implications of their actions and 
c laim they are merely “doing their job”. I 
believe that the way to end apartheid in 
South Africa is through the pressure of 
world opinion and the isolation of the 
apartheid regime. 

But the Bangladesh action is gesture 
politics of the worst kind, meaningless and 
hi tile, and its targets wrongly chosen and ill- 
defined. The four singled out by the 
Bangladesh government as unacceptable 
include the Gloucestershire batsman. Bill 
Athey. Yet he hated South Africa mid all its 
works so much that on his only visit there he 
stayed for only five days and broke his 
contract to return home. 

Chris Smith, the South African-born 
Hampshire batsman, does not appear on 
any United Nations blacklisL Yet there were 
those in the touring party with far stronger 
South African connections to whom Bangla- 
desh has not objected. What’s more, the 
England side was to have included three 
black cricketers among its 14 members. 

by Nigel Williamson 

making it the most multi-racial English side 

Public opinion in Britain has hardened 
against South Africa so strongly in recent 
months that, in the absence of government 
action, big business is imposing voluntary 
sanctions - the recent decision by several 
supermarket chains not to stock South 
African goods, is one dear example. 

At a time of such progress, the Bangladesh 
decision can only be counter-productive 
both in terms of mobilizing British public 
opinion and in persuading the Frigiish 
cricket authorities to take a stronger line 
against their own players who choose to visit 
South Africa. Not surprisingly, the reaction 
of the Test and County Cricket Board has 
been to dig its heels in. 

A potentially serious problem arises. The 
main England tour party to the West Indies 
indudes a number of players with much 
closer sporting links with South Africa than 
some of those deemed unacceptable in 
Bangladesh. Yet the secretary of the West 
Indies cricket board says he has “firm 
assurances from all our governments that 
all members of the England party are 

In the light of the Bangladesh decision, 
Trinidad, and perhaps other countries, are 
likely to reconsider those assurances. Third 
World politics may make it difficult for 

them to appear to be outflanked by 
Bangladesh. Cancellation of the West Indies 
tour could well herald the breakdown of 
international cricket, resulting in a new 
apartheid in which white nations played 
only other white nations and black nations 
played only black. 

That would in turn mran that more and 
more top players, particularly black 
cricketers who would be denied much of 
their money-earning potential, would be 
lured by South African lands to ply their 
trade there. That cannot be .what the 
Bangladesh government wants. 

The Gleneagles Agreement requires 
Commonwealth governments to discourage 
individual players from contact with South 
Africa. In Britain neither the government 
nor the TCCB actively pursues this 
agreement Other governments- must 
therefore put pressure on them. 

Rather than penalize individuals, 
Banglade sh should be forcing the British 
government and the TCCB to do what they 
have so far been able to avoid: committing 
themselves to a clear view on the Gleneagles 
Agreement Bangladesh should be 
demanding that either the agreement is 
really made to work - as it has been by Bob 
Hawke in Australia - or that it is renounced. 
Renunciation would leave Britain isolated. 
Pressure to force that choice is the only kind 
of pressure which will bring results. 

The author is editor of! ribune. 

John Redwood on the real issues to be faced during Industry Year 

can make 
it— if 
we make 

This is Industry Year. The prophets 
of gloom will doubtless be out in 
force for its celebration. We will be 
told that even though we have 
enjoyed a strong balance of pay- 
ments surplus every year since 1979. 
we should worry over the deficit in 
manufacturing. ' The decline in 
industrial employment and the 
ncrcased proportion of jobs in the 
service sector will be cited as 
evidence of impending disaster. 
People will point to closures and to 
the replacement of men by machines 
as proof that manufacturing is on 
the way down and even out. and 
that the government does not care. 

Many people believe that manu- 
facture. and manufacture alone, 
generates “real" wealth. They feel 
that demand is inadequate, that we 
are not investing enough and the 
pound is too high. Oh for a 
government that understood, that 
would subsidise more, lower the 
pound, spend more, and stop the 
growth of services, by law if 

If Industry Year is about giving 
prominence to arguments such as 
these, about making them industry's 
authentic voice, we would be belter 
otT without iL You should beware 
the industrialist who always believes 
his plight is the product of external 
forces, and never the result of his 
own decisions. 

Take the question of demand. 
How can it be the case both that 
national income is at a new record, 
and that industry is experiencing too 
little demand? The shop tills at 
Christmas rang more merrily than 
ever. Consumer expenditure rises 
year after year - currently more than 
60 per cent of total demand in the 
economy and reaching a new record 
every year. 

Yet British industry does not 
always succeed in responding to that 
demand. In 1974, when the market 
for new cars was no higher than in 
1984. UK producers, made 1.5 
million cars. In 1984 they made 
900.000. It was not demand that let 
them down: it was the attractiveness 

of their product compared to the 
foreign competition. Nor had 
subsidy been stinted in trying to 
redesign British Leyland's model 

This Christmas people were busy 
buying Japanese hi-fis and cameras, 
German electrical appliances, im- 
ported clothes and toiletries, because 
they thought them better or because 
there was no British equivalent The 
height of my Yuletidc dismay came 
when I opened up a package 
containing a garden trowel and fork 
- sturdy, well-designed, and made in 

Nor has investment demand been 
slack. The year just ended was a 
record year for total investment and 
re-equipping - using other people’s 
hardware. You see new German, 
Italian and Japanese machines on 
the shop floor, American computers 
and production control systems. 

The idea that only making things 
creates wealth is one I’ve never 
understood - any product or service 
that can be sold for more than its 
cost generates income and wealth. 
Part of “the decline of manufactur- 
ing” and the “rise of services” comes 
from a change in definitions rather 
than any real shift. If a manufacturer 
decides to place his advertising with 
an agency, his computing with a 
bureau, and his legal work with an 
external firm of solicitors, where 
before the work was done in-house, 
the statistics will tell you manufac- 
turing has declined. 

Nor is it possible to divorce 
manufacture from the provision of a 

service. What use is a pile of nuts 
and bolts in Sheffield unless 
someone can transport them, adver- 
tise them, sell them and use them? 
Each process is related and each 
adds value. A computer without 
software, a washing machine with no 
service engineers, cars without 
petrol stations, would be products of 
little value or use. 

That is not to say we should relax 
and say that all is for the best in the 
best of possible worlds. It has taken 
too long to hit a new ‘high in 
industrial output, and in some areas 
industry has not taken advantage of 
the demand that is there. Both 
consumer and investment demand 
is fickle. The top 10 toys this 
Christmas sold in huge numbers: 
there were fewer consolation prizes 
if you did not produce one of them. 
Some of them will be forgotten next 
year as new stars arise. 

Few British retailers encourage 
British manufacture: a more active 
interest in product development 
jointly between maker and seller 
would help. Industry has to inno- 
vate, and start to encourage itself If 
more British manufacturers sought 
capital equipment from the larger 
L1K engineering companies, for 
example, we might have a larger 
steel industry. 

It is often not just a question of 
price. Many imports sell not because 
they are the cheapest, but because 
people like them and they are 
available. If you lower the value of 
the pound you may discourage 
people from buying foreign goods 

but you also push up the cost of 
imported raw materials and increase 
inflation. You may cut total 
purchasing power as well. It is a 
device that has failed before to arrest 
the decline of the manufacturing 

The .money is there to spend on 
innovation and new products. Profit 
growth has been strong for several 
years. Real returns on investment 
are higher than during most of the 
1970s. Companies will have more 
than £60.000 million of profits and 
£80.000 million of income to spend 
in 1986. liquidity isgood, and the 
corporate sector is using its bank 
facilities to the full. Retail sales and 
consumer credit are growing strong- 

So why not make Industry . Year 
the year when industry responds 
more widely to demand? Good 
design, good service, .good quality 
and keeping up with changes in taste 
and fashion are what is needed. 
Perhaps a little more loyalty to 
fellow industrialists when selecting 
the company car and equipment 
would also help. 

Can it really be more economic to 
ship a garden trowel all. the wav 
from Japan? And will more than hSf 
the British public always prefer a 
foreign car? These are the real 
questions which all those of us who 
wish industry well must ponder in 
Industry Year. 

The author was head of the Prime 
Minister's Policy Unit. 1983 to 83. 

OTtaw NmnnUoU, 1S8C 

Christianity’s long march to survival 

The Anglican Church faces two 
dilemmas as it prepares to send 
£45.460 to Christians in China to 
discharge a 40-ycar-old obligation. 
Should money be given to a church 
controlled, as it is, by the Commu- 
nist Party? And if strings are 
attached, will suspicions be aroused 
in Peking that foreigners are 
attempting to regain imperialist 

In 1947 the primates of Canter- 
bury and York collected £75,000 to 
help the Anglican Church in China. 
Only one third had been spent by 
1949, when the Communists came 
to power. While Chinese Christians 
endured decades of Maoist per- 
the Church’s board of 
invested the remaining 


Mao Tse-tung's death in 
1976 Peking has been far more 
tolerant of all religions, including 
Christianity, although Catholics 
remain under suspicion because of 
links with Rome. Only this year was 
Bishop Gong of Shanghai released 
after 30 years of detention. 

The new atmosphere has led to 
the repair and reopening of some 
monasteries, temples and churches. 
The Anglican Church in Britain 
became optimistic about sending 
some or all of the 1947 collection 
when K. H. Ting. China’s _ most 
eminent surviving Anglican bishop, 
visited Britain in _ 1982. The 
following year Archbishop Runcie 
went to China, where he made 
contact with Bishop Ting’s Chinese 
Christian Church (CCQ, a “post- 
denominational” body embracing 
perhaps three million Protestants 
once faithful to western denomi- 
nations who "now attend 2,000 
churches regulated by the party. 
Services in these churches are 
distinguished by close attention to 
the Bible and very long sermons. In 
1984 the £48,681 earned in interest 
from the primates’ fund was sent to 
the CCC. 

Bishop Ting with Dr Runcie daring his visit to Britaia: will his three million 
followers triumph over Document 19? 

“Wc felt the CCC contained the 
rump of the .Anglican Church in 
China, with Bishop Ting represent- 
ing the continuity”, explains the Rev 
lan Holdcroft of Church House, one 
of the fund's trustees. He feels that 
despite party control, the CCC is no 
mouthpiece for Peking. But Hold- 
crofl understands Chinese realities. 
“We want to avoid the impression 
that the Church of England is just 
drooling for a chance to renew its 
old domination.” 

No one at Lambeth Palace or 
Church House considers the CCC to 
be a captive church, although 
neither does anyone deny that it 
operates under party surveillance 
and sanction. Outsiders are warned, 
delicately: “This is very dangerous 
ground even to discuss” 

Anglican experts on China know 
that the Chinese Co m mu n ist party's 

Document 1 9 states bluntly: 
“Foreign religious infiltration is to 
be restrictedT especially by the 
Vatican and the Protestant mis- 

Document 19 also restricts re- 
ligious publishing and prohibits 
evangelizing outside church walls. It 
is such hobbling, which forswears 
violence but looks forward to the 
disappearance of religion, which 
horrifies the minions of “house 
Christians”, fundamentalist be- 
lievers outside the CCC, who are 
virtually proscribed by Document 
1 9. largely because of their enthusi- 
astic evangelizing. 

The despair of the house Chris- 
tians is expressed in Britain by the 
Rev Leslie Lyall, a retired mission- 
ary who first went to China is 1929. 
There are millions of there enthusi- 
astic evangelists, he says, probably 
more than CCC members, and they 

have never been linked to foreign 
churches. They assume that eventu- 
ally the party will dissolve theCCC 
along - with all other religious 
practice. “Still,” he concedes, “if I 
were in China I would support, the 
CCC. The parly is unlikely to squash 
iL It has to think of its image 

For Teiry Waite, the Archbishop 
of Canterbury's special envoy, who 
preceded Dr Runcie to China, 
recognizing the. CCC is no problem. 
Bishop Ting and his colleagues are 
admirable and brave men who have 
stood up for their beliefs, he says. He 
is not bothered about the party's role 
In religious affaire. No longer (foes 
anyone go to jail in China simply for 
being a believer. Buz the party puts 
unity and .patriotism first, - “so 
anyone who jumps up in a religious 
context - rightly or wrongly - must 
expect a hit of stick. Some of those 
local evangelicals have caused havoc 
in the countryside.” 

The Church of England's top 
China expert, the Rev Bob Whyte, is 
certain that sooner or later the CCC 
will form a true church and that 
when that day comes the £45,460 of 
capital which remains from the 
primates’ collection should be 
available. Such a national church, it 
is hoped in London, will include 
bishops with whom Anglicans can 
feel in communion. 

“Something authentic is emerging 
in China,” says Holdcroft who, like 
Bob Whyte, admires Chinese Chris- 
tians for holding to the frith in the 
- face of savage oppression. 

Men like Holdcroft, Whyte 
Waite believe the OCC needs all the 
money it can get to sustain its fi ghf- 
In that case the £45,460 from the 
primates' fund- is a modest sum. But 
given Peking’s ultimate goal - the 
disappearance of religion — it could \ 

be £45,460 too much. 

Jonathan Mirsky 

• - A* • 

Jack Straw 

and nonsense 

It all depends what turns oncost. 
For it is Page 3 of The Sun: 
for me it is long reports so opting 
and technical that they can be found 
only in the Financial Times. But the 
truth is more, often to be round 
buried in the pink pages than it is 
displayed on the tabloid ones. 

It was the headline which realty 
gripped me - “Foreign exchange 
trading doubles nr five years”. There 
followed a description of the 
research conclusions readied by the 
Group of 30, a New York research 
organization, backed by western 
financial institutions and mtdtina- 
i-nf p panics One OfthCfigUTCS 
quoted in the report was that 
turnover in the world’s foreign 
was now. estimated at 
S150 billion, or about £104 bfifion, 
per day. In three days; therefore, the 
world's foreign exchanges turn over 
3 sum equivalent to the income 
.which it takes the United Kingdom 
a full year to generate, with an 

annual gross domestic product of 

around £320 bilKon. . 

So what, one might ask? We are 
only a yreqn country, and the _ world 
is a ‘ 
on anc 

year as the foreign ex 
turning over $150 billion a day, -the 
total value of the world’s exports 
was only $1,662 billion a year. In 
other words, every 11 days the 
foreign exchanges turn over the total 
value of a full year's world trade in 
goods; or (assuming 250 trading 
days a year) for every £1 or$l which 
crosses the foreign exchan ge markets 
less than 5p or 5 cents is to do with 
the sale or purchase of goods. - 

Of course, it is not qtrile like that, 
as any foreign exchange dealer will 
be quick to point out The export of 
a million pounds’ -worth of goods 
from country X to country Y may. 
involve more than one single 
transaction on the foreign exchang- 
es; both exporter and importer wiQ 
be seeking to protect themselves 
against foreign exchange losses in 
what can be a very volatile market; 
they may also have agreed to finance 
the transaction in a third country's . 

Allowing for all these com- • 
plexities, however, it looks as though 
at the very best only 20 to 25 per 
cent of transactions on the foreign 
exchanges have anything at aft to do 
with paying for goods and services 
which one . country provides for 
another. Part of the remaining 75-80 
per cent of transactions is made up 
of long-term capital flows; but the - 
overwhelming bulk of tuntovernow 
has nothing to do with trade, and: 
everything to do with “dealing and 
speculative transactions”. 

Securities and. commodity firms 
now trade in foreign exchange as if it 
were a commodity; and the Group 
of 30 report stafod that there was 
evidence that, for some individuals 
and multinational companies 
“foreign exchange trading has now 
become a discrete - profit centre, 
expanded well beyond commercial 
requirements although the com- 
panies may rfaira to do no more 
than hedge.” 

It is not only the absolute size of 
foreign exchange transactions which 
is now staggering but their growth. 

moreover ... Miles Kington 


writes a terse article pointing out 
that lemmings do not, in feet, 
commit suicide ax TOmph. 

2003. Sir Egon Ronay delivers a 
broadside against the standard of 
catering in many, of the muJrChan- 
nel service areas. 

2004. Should coaches be aifowied on 
the Channel Bridge? - Thai - is the 
question asked in Parliament and 
elsewhere after a coach on a school 
trip is blown off the bridge and. into 
the Channel. Coach operators nply 
indignantly that their coaches are 
perfectly seaworthy and that the 
coach in question continued hs 
journey to Calais . under its own 
steam, - but doubts remain. Lord 
Levin attacks coaches, but defends 
their right to do what they like- . ; 

2005. The first big ships collide with 
the bridge, in thick fog. “Us 
naviguaiem conune del! foils.** 'say 
the French police. ... 

Although there - is no' great 
damage, several sailors leap off one 
ship, (a Russian trawler) and, 
clinging to the bridge,' ask for 
political asylum. -When offered 
French or British asylum, 'they, all 
choose French. Lord Levin- writes a 
long piece on their dunce and 
concludes by saying; “I shaft have 
moreto say about tins tomorrow;” 
-2006. Tv premie re of a'- msgor 
natural history series by the veteran 
Loro Attenborough: “Life on the 
. Channel Bridge”; • A . new maritime 
ecology has grown up on . the 
Channel link, including bird tjolOr 
nies, oyster beds, the inevitable 
fo xes, bard-shoulder rooks and' one 
inexplicable lemming. Rats are also 
seen passing along the bridge; 
leaving France,, say same, fleeing 
Britain, say others. 

2007. It is. finally admitted- that 
'Planners, had hoi allowed for 1 the 
growth in traffic over tbe Cbimel 
hnk, .and .the retu rning 1 summer 
hol iday crowds are sow meriting 
]*®i«riy Christmas shopping 
rush to France. A relief scheme is 
oesperately needed. Tenders 'are 

the construction of - the 

new - ^ * * *” 

la five -years- them vqtaae has 
doubled (from S75hiIUea in 19791 
while world exports have grown by 
only a twelfth, or 8.5 per cent in ^ 

same period. 

I do ikk blame (hose who 
speculate in tiiis way, no more than I 
blame wasps for being attracted in 
the honcypot For those . whose 
business is t radin g in foreign 
exchange, the more they trade the 
better it is for them. Intel foe 
report makes dear that ma rket 
participants “aim to create (cur- 
rency) fluctuations, _ add therefore 
turnover, on which profits depend” 

Nor can one blame any corp orate 
treasurer who by trading in currency 
aims to r ed u ce .-fan company’s 
exposure to currency fluctuations, 
and make some gratuitous -profit as 
weft. No, I do not blame people for 
being m a madhouse., nor for 
mddng seemizqdy rationaT decisions 

wfcu mi ua anomd 

recognize that (he. foreign exchan ges 
now are a madhouse, ana a 
dangerous one at that. 

The speculative froth, result* in 
two things. First; it detaches the 
foreign exchange markets from the 
day-to-day reality of national econ- 
omies. The US dollar, for example, 
went up and stayed up for a long 
time when its trade balance plun ge 
into the red. There were rational 
explanations for this (principally the 
high interest rates born charged to 
fond the budget deficit), but the 
failure of foreign exchange mechan- 
isms promptly to reflect profound 
real changes in the US’s competiti ve 
position has greatly furffed protec- 
tionist sentiment in that country,. - 
• Secondly, it makes the inevitable 
medium-term enrrencyadjustinems 
to that economic, reality violent and 
often wildly exaggerated; in a 
manner which does not fiiQy reflect 
the changes in a country’s underly- 
ing weakness or strength. . The 
relative values of the pound fo foe 

auuost ukh year, ana *|.44 
. now. Faced with such fluctuates, 
who indeed can Name any corporate 

- The exchai^' rate a 

country's competitiveness, bid that 
factor is now submerged by o ther 
less important but fer more domi- 
nant. considerations in the foreign 
exchange markets. As the Group of 
30 report states, “technical trading 
systems involving computer models 
mid chans have become the vogue 
so that the markets react more 
sharply to short-term trends and less 
attention, is givsd to bn sic factors”. 
Aft this froth hasoccmred at a time 
of unprecedented instability in 
world financial markets, and when 
rbeproblemof foedebt mocmtairi'Bf 1 
many less-developed nations to~ - 
mains f undame ntally unresolved. ’•••- 
The emergin g truth is that a free-' 
fbr-aft in the financial markets and 
the currency ; instability this pro- 
duces actually undermines fiw trade 
in goods and services. I do not quite 
know foe cure; but I know that the 
patient is ill. 

The author is Labour MP for 

Do you remember Oleg Bitov, the 
Russian, journalist who came to 
Britain to seek freedom and then 
suddenly returned to Russia to seek 
more freedom? Do you remember 
the Russian who came here from 
France and fell asleep for three 
weeks? And dozens more who came 
and went. No one has come.up with 
a remotely plausible reason for then- 
weird behaviour. 

Now aft' can be explained. They 
came here seeking freedom of 
thought and speech; and all they 
found was an endless debate over 
the shape of the future Channel link 
No wonder they fell asleep or rushed 
back to Russia, ah option 'which is ^ 
not open to many of us. But for 
those of us who are still here, aw<j 
still awake, it is not quite too late to 
enliven the Channel link cove rage . 
Here, thanks to the Moreover 
computer, is an expert forecast of 
some of the exciting -things due~to 
happen in mid-ChanneL ’ 

1986. Go-ahead is given for the 
construction of a mixed tunnel and 
bridge road/rail twk with France. 
Construction starts. 

1987. Construction stops. 

1988. Many British firms are baled 
out by the government. Construc- 
tion restarts. 

2001 The new cross-Channel link is 
opened. On the opening day the first : 
mid-Channel traffic jam forms,' 
reaching as far back as the M25 near 
Gaiwick. The authorities plead with 
motorists notv please not, to take a 
sight-seeing trip across the bridge, as 
it is not. designed to lake such a . 
volume of traffic, and in any ray. 
there is not sufficient room in raiwiy 
for all the British cars who wish to 
do U-turns and come straightback. 
2002. The new Channel bridge is 
closed temporarily due to' famine 
cracks in the road surfte,. exacer- 
bated by the salt air. The British 
firm which has won the contract to 
supply cones far the motorway. 
Westland Cones Ltd, nms into 
difficulties and seeks aid from the 

After reopening the first minor 
motorway pile-up occurs -during 
conditions of severe spray - high 
waves and sea mist, despite which > 
motorists persist in breaking the 
speed limn. “They were driving like 
maniacs, say the British 
innrmed by foe 

2008. The public debate hots -op ’ 
™*foe shape that foe new Channel, 
relief link should take, to the . 
HSE?! °f all other news. Several -, 

-*r U conferred *Te £££ 

police, who say: “Ds coodiSK either return to Russia Or 

compete fc^. u, P COn ’ i Nob ^P 

were , like lemmings.” Lord Levin 

,- * 




(T omorravtr the Westland debate - 

we avoid all mention of it.) 





Yesterday a jaded department of 
state announced its rebirth.' Its 
minister .advanced the cause of 
vigorous government and took 
pride in its many-sided powers 
of intervention. Mr ■ WiTKam- 
Waldegrave, who had been 
consigned 7 some thought - to a. 
junior minister's backwater, took 
the floor at the Oxford fanning 
conference to fashion a new 
destiny for the Department of 
the Environment and, perhaps, a 
political future for himself 

This was no solo effort. Mr 
Kenneth Baker, the Secretary of 
State, and his energetic perma- 
nent secretary Mr Terry Heiser 
have nurtured the project of 
recasting their department, . re- 
painting its 1 fading colours of late 
1960s'- urbanism and dark mu- 
nicipal management with bright 
green paint more suited to the 

Mr Waldegrave’s subject had' 
been well advertised by the : 
weekend row between him and 
Mr Michael Joplihg, or rather 
between those ubiquitous but- 
never identified briefers who 
have been doing' such a busy 
trade in Whitehall' in recent* 
weeks. On the surface Mr 
Jopling’s assertion that the 
Ministry of Agriculture' takes an . 
interest in conservation is un- 
challengeable. Both the minis- 
try's officials and their client 
groups in the Na ~> na 1 Partners 
Union and the agricultural 
lobbies have recently signed up 
as environmentalists. 

Cynics may put that down to 
economics and some self-inter- 
ested calculations about land use 
and revenue in the context of 
gross over-production which 
even the Common Agricultural 
Policy cannot much longer 
sustain. Others, more generous, 
may cite the embarrassment of 
farmers at grain surpluses in 
years of famine. 

But the Ministry of Agricul- 
ture, Fisheries and Food by its 
origins and departmental ethos 
will always be the producers* 
representative at the court of 
central government Consumers 
and taxpayers ought to have 
their voices at the Cabinet table. 
So too the walkers, the scientists 
and the casual gazers at tracts of 
British- landscape. As matters: 
stand, the twin quangos of the: 
Nature Conservancy and the 
Countryside Commission are 
puny. The Department of the 
Environment with its rag-bag of 
responsibilities across planning 
and landscape has tin now never 
focused its role. Mr Walde- 
grave’s speech and its aggrandiz- 
ing bid is therefore welcome' 

There are almost always 
competing uses for land, two 
sides (or more) to protection of 
hedgerows and policy for wood- 
lands. Large sums of public 
money are being spent to skew 
the production of foodstuffs. The 
full weight of the Environment 
Department ought to be thrown 
into discussion about the effects 
of that expenditure on the lay of 
the land. This is a debate in 
which more not less verbal 
fisticuffs between ministers 
would be welcome. 

■: Hje -Department of the. Bst- 
■vironment is not short of 
subjects 1 for its new-found acti- 
- vism. The process of designation 
of sites of special scientific 
: interest is- well behind -schedule; 
the Nature Conservancy will 
have to .be poshed or pulled into 
action. This year the operations 
of the 1 981 Wildfe and 
Countryside Act ‘ have to be 
reviewed. This time' round, Mr 
Waldegrave- will surdy not be 
content to allow amendments to 
the act to be carried courtesy of 
an Opposition bilL And no fttll- 
, blooded review can avoid exam- 
ining the disparity within the 
town arid country planning laws 
between the -treatment, of rural 
property outsider farms and the 
construction and destruction of 
bmldihgs and. plants that takes 
place on the farm. .. . . 

: There is no need to exaggerate 
likely antagonism between con- 
servationists and agriculturalists. 
The Ministry of Agriculture itself 
is beginning to tap 'European 
sources of support for environ- 
mental protection. Any extra 
money for conservation, how- 
ever, must surely come from the 
programmes of production sup- 
port - the object being not to 
reduce farm incomes but to 
redistribute existing flows of 
public money better to reflect 

Here, then is a job for Mr 
Waldegrave and a . mission for ; 
his department. Blit before he 
takes his young man's enthusi- 
asm further, fire Government 
'owes the public a short declar- 
ation of philosophical and politi- 
cal principle. 

The letter- and the spirit of the 
speech- Mr Waldegrave gave 
yesterday contrast starkly with 
the dedication of Lord Young, 
voiced in both speeches and 
white papers, to dismantling the 
system of intervention contained 
in the planning laws. Mr Walde- 
grave's implicit anti-urbanism 
(Witness his excoriation of 
.“cheap housing”) accords badly 
with the message from Mrs 
Thatcher, Mr Tebbit and others 
abbut the growth of home 
ownership and the dynamic of a 
market that attracts both jobs 
and homes to desirable locations 
that often happen also to be 
Green Bfclt, or agricultural land. 

Mr Waldegrave's green minis- 
try is also the authority that will, 
shortly, have to make important 
decisions about the expansion of 
the urban area in the South East. 
That expansion is the product of 
welcome economic growth and 
itself an economic stimulant. 
Some, especially within the 
Conservative Party, find Lord 
Young’s gospel of growth unat- 
tractive when they realize that it 
must encompass changes in land 
use. Choices will have to be 
made. Mr Waldegrave’s green 
virions are uplifting and his 
department's hew role has much 
to commend it. But it is the 
government as a whole, holding 
the economic weal of the nation 
as its first goal, that will have to 
decide how much greenery 
Britain can afford. 


'•Tigeria's foreign minister Pro- 
essor Bolaji Akin we mi calls on 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher at 10 
Downing Street today; 18 
nonths after relations between 
be two countries were soured by 
he Dikko affair. It is very much 
o be hoped that his government 
s now ready to respond to 
Iri tain’s request for the resump- 
ion of fall diplomatic activity. 

There are several reasons why 
t should do so. Britain remains 
Nigeria’s biggest trading partner 
■ and foreign investor, with 
;2,000 million tied up there. A 
luarter of Nigeria’s business . 
omes to this country, making it 
5th in our own league of 
tverseas markets - and the 
'-iggest in Africa north of 
Pretoria. Some 70,000 Nigerians, 
nany of them students, live in 
3ritain - while 10,000 of our 
>wn expatriates are working out 
here. This level of activity 
>etween the Commonwealth’s 
>ld mother country , and black 
Africa's biggest state, argues for 
jfGcial representation at the 
lighest level. 

It was hoped in Whitehall that 
he two countries might be able 
.0 mend their fences last Sep- 
ember when Sir Geoffrey Howe 
risited Lagos. But the new 
■Agime of President Ibrahim 
jda had only just taken 

p office. 

Four months later, however,, 
lere is not that excuse- Babangt- 
a, having survived ^ one 
ttempted coup against him, is 
merging as a more, popular 
ader than most of his recent 
redecessors in Lagos. He has 
Iso made a modest mark in the 
'ommon wealth, byogreemg to 
?nd a Nigerian- as co-chairman 
f the forthcoming delegation -to 
outh Afr ic a- He should now feel 
onfident enough to put his 
slationslup with Britain tack on 
proper footing. • 

On the face of it the two other 

obstacles to progress remain 
firmly lodged. One is the future 
of Umaru Dikko, a minister in 
Lagos two governments ago, 
whose extradition has been 
sought since he 'fled to. this 
country after the fell of the 
Shagari administration. The 
rather less time-consuming 
method of smuggling him back 
to Lagos in a crate, was foiled by 
British customs. His request for 
political asylum in Britain has 
been turned down by Whitehall, 
'which has yet to consider his 
appeal a gains t that decision. 

The other is the case of the 
two British engineers Kenneth 
Clarke and Angus Patterson who 
were each sentenced to 14 years 
by a Lagos court in October for 
allegedly stealing an aircraft Sir 
Geoffrey Howe himself ex- 
pressed his shock over the 
severity of the sentences. 

But the case had clear political 
undertones and a solution has 
always looked possible by -politi- 
cal It was an effect rather 

than the cause of poor Anglo- 
Nigerian relations and could be 
dealt . with more easily through 
the increased bilateral contacts 
which would follow an exchange 
of high commissioners. As for 
the Dikko dilemma, it was more 
of a problem with the previous 
Buhari government .in Lagos 
than the present one. 

Nigeria should certainly be 
warned against trying Ip work a 
quid pro quo over the differences 
which divide us. With its 
immense economic difficulties it 
needs our help as much as we 
need its market. Both govern- 
ments have an interest in putting 
the clock back two years, then 

moving forirord again. 

• A leading . article yesterday 
referred to sackings . from fee 
Government of Mr Francis Pym, Mr 
James Priorand Sir Ian G Amour. In 
fact, Mr Prior resigned. 



Time to settle schools dispute 

From the President of the Secondary 
Heads Association 

■ Sir, Six and a half years ago, when 
the Conservative Administration 
came to power, morale in the Armed 
Services was at a low point, there 
were major recruitment problems, 
key personnel were leaving and 
there were grave equipment prob- 

For the future of fee country, the 
Government remedied the situation 
by significant increases in pay and a 
re-equipment programme. 

The future of fee country is now 
threatened by a crumbling education 
sendee in our schools. As in 1979 
there are major recruitment prob- 
lems. Key staff are leaving in droves, 
and there is massive under-invest- 
ment Morale in fee teaching force is 
. at an alt-time low. 

As President of the Secondary 
Heads Association, I am receiving 
messages from heads all over fee 
country: cannot fee central Govern- 
ment see what is happening to the 
education service? 

The Secretary of State for 
Education holds out the prospect of 
an improved pay package for the 
following financial years if a set of 
conditions of sendee can be 
negotiated. Such a fundamental 
change In teachers’ working con- 
ditions demands a situation where it 
is negotiated other than in the heat 
of battle. 

At the teachers' side and the 
employers' side meetings this week 
their concern will be the current 
financial year's pay deal. Blind 
insistence that the deal struck will be 
one that leaves teachers struggling 
financially in a pit of despair and 
frustration is not going to bring 
about a solution. The trench warfare 
wifi continue and worsen. The 

possibility of introducing a coolly 
thought-through set of conditions of 
service will recede yet again. 

An act of statesmanship from the 
Government to give these 19S5-86 
negotiations fee flexibility they need 
is required now as a mailer of 
national priority. 

Yours faithfully, 

ROWLAND P. BROWN, President, 
Sccondarv Heads Association, 

107 St Paul’s Road, Nl. 

January 6 . 

From Mr R. G. Cannon 
Sir, As the teachers' dispute enters 
1986 with few signs of an end in 
sight. I am surprised by fee failure 
(or reluctance?} of fee media to 
highlight its basic cause: fee pay of 
ordinary teachers. These personal 
details may be of interest to readers: 
Stayed an extra three years at school 
- O and A levels: studied for six 
years at three universities - BA 
(Hons) Kent, PGCE Exeter. MA 
London; full-time teacher for 13 
years, worked in four schools - 
currently employed at a sixth-form 
college, teaching four subjects to A 
and/or O level and assisting with the 

The end result is a gross salary of 
£9,597 and a take-home pay of little 
more than £100 a week. Sir Keith 
Joseph says that 1 am “mad * 1 and 
“unrealistic” to expect much more. 
Am 1? Is it such a foolish dream to 
hope to be earning £ 10,000 p.a. by 
the time I'm 40? 

Yours faithfully, 


14 Veryan. 

Goldsworth Park, 



January 3. 

March of communism 

From Mr E. G. Nugee, QC 
■Si r. When you say (leading article, 
December 27) that “At the centre of 
Soviet ideology is the belief that the 
armies of socialism march in one 
direction only”, you put yonr finger 
on fee single greatest danger to 
future world peace. It is this belief; 
together with the doctrine, preached 
by I-gniTi and propagated today in 
booklets one can pick up free in 
Moscow hotels, that it is the duty of 
the Soviet Union to come to the aid 
of any communist party that has 
obtained power and is facing 
opposition, which led to the 
involvement of Soviet forces in 
Afghanistan and may lead to their 
involvement in other more sensitive 
parts of the world. 

A young man, just down from 
university, whom I met in Lenin- 
grad, asked not. “Will communism 
come in England?” but, “When will 
communism come in England?*', 
The fact that it would come sooner 
or later was an unquestioned part of 
his faith, and 1 do not doubt that if 
he thought he could hasten its 
coming he would regard it as his 
duty to do so. 

The Christian churches had a 
similar ideology in the great days of 
missionary activity in the 18th and 
19th centuries, when it was assumed 
that the time would surely come 

when the glory of (the Christian) 
God would cover fee earth as the 
waters cover the sea. Today they 
recognise that other faiths, such as 
Buddhism and Islam, contain 
elements of the truth, and for the 
most pan no longer expect the 
adherents of those faiths to desert 
them in favour of Christianity when 
the Christian faith is revealed to 
them, and no longer attempt large- 
scale conversions. 

What is needed more than almost 
anything else in the world is a 
similar development in Soviet 
ideology. The nuclear bomb has 
given us a breathing space and 
helped to prevent a recurrence of 
conventional war on the scale of 
1914-18 and 1939-45. 

Christian CND. among others, 
might usefully use this breathing 
space to try to develop in those who 
will influence the thinking of future 
generations of Soviet citizens a 
similar recognition that there is 
room for more than one political 
system in fee world, and that 
communism should not be regarded 
as the only or inevitable destination 
for all countries. It might be more 
beneficial in the long run. if more’ 
demanding, than cutting holes in 
other people's fences. 

Yours faithfully, 


3 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, WC2. 
December 31. 

Decline in research 

From Sir Christopher Laidlaw 
Sir, Dr McCtintock’s belief (January 
2 ) that our future prosperity 
increasingly depends on our long- 
term research base illustrates a 
prevailing misconception in acade- 
mia, however well-intentioned. No 
one can really doubt that British 
research has fathered a host of 
British inventions in the thirty years 
since the War, yet during that time 
our relative prosperity has slipped 
from top to near bottom of fee 
European league. 

Our problem has never been with 
research itself but wife its develop- 
ment- into practical applications and 
the meticulous care and discipline 
feat this development involves. It is 
fee weakness of fee “D” in our R 
and D which has led/ to fee slide in 
our prosperity and our academics do 
not generally fed obliged to correct 
this by promoting collaboration wife 
industry. . 

If a significant part of scientific 
academia in the UK could turn 
aside from its blue-sky research and 
help industry to develop existing 
concepts it would not only help to 
arrest the national decline, not only 
take a leaf from the books of our 
international competitors, but find 
itself voted more money. 

Yours faithfiilly, 


49 Chelsea Square, SW3. 

January 6 . 

For frozen fingers? 

From MrAidan Foster-Carter 
Sir, You carry today (January 6 } a 
full-page advertisement for a very 
expensive German sports car. Listed 
among its attractions is an “air- 
conditioned glovebox". 

Sir. What does one do with an air- 
conditioned glovebox? 

Yours in puzzlement, 


9 Wilton Grove, 

Monk Bridge Road, 


West Yorkshire. 

January 6 . 

Terms of .endearment 

From Mrs Niamh Whitfield 
Sir, In 'suggesting that French 
husbands. are known to their wives 
as “cabbages". Commander Miller 
(January 3) does them less than 
justice. The term chou has two 
principal meanings: firstly, cabbage, 
but secondly, more relevantly, “little 
round pastry cake”, as in chou a la 
crime. The endearment “my little 
honey bun" gives a better idea of a 
Frenchwoman's feelings of affection 
than any vegetable term. 

Yours faithfully, 


47 Faroe Road, W14. 

January 4, . 

India and the British 

From Lord Glendevon 
Sir, Michael Hamlyn in his article 
(December 28} on the centenary 
celebrations of the Indian National 
Congress Party reminded us that the 
party's formation was encouraged by 
the British. 

Words spoken at fee party’s first 
meeting by the first president of the 
Congress. Mr W. C. Bonnerjee, are 
worth recalling today: 

1 ask whether in the most glorious days 
of Hindu rule you could imagine the 
possibility of a meeting of this kind ... It 
is under the civilising rule of the Queen 
and the people of England that we meet 
here together, hindered by none, freely 
allowed to speak our minds without the 
least fear or hesitation. Such a thing is 
possible under British rule, and under 
British rule only... 

It is all very well for the centenary 
celebrations to include fee Quit 
India Movement of 1942 (which in 
fact fizzled out for lack of popular 
support) but it would be nice to. 
know that Mr Bonneijee's historic 
statement has been remembered at 
this time. 

Yours faithfully, 


Mount Lodge, 

Mount Row, - 
St Peter Port, 

Guernsey, Cl. 

December 30. 

Statistical wealth 

From Mr H. R. Wynne-Griffith 
Sir. Your leader on the distribution 
of wealth (December 30) highlights 
an anomaly which prejudices the 
validity of the interpretation placed 
upon the statistics. 

‘■Wealth” is said to include 
occupational pension rights but not 
State pension rights. However, most 
members of occupational schemes 
arc contracted out of Serps (State 
eaming s-related pension scheme). If 
all schemes were to contract back 
into Serps would it then follow that 
the nation would be poorer and 
wealth distributed differently? 

The logic of fee Inland Revenue’s 
argument of excluding State pension 
lights (Serps at least) is fallacious as 
it appears to recognise only those 
pension rights that are funded. This 
being so, how is the wealth of Civil 
Servants to be assessed? 

The spurious nature of fee 
statistics is also emphasized by the 
fact that State benefits (including 
non-pension benefits) are much 
more valuable to those with lower 
pay than for fee higher paid. For 
example, “free” education and 
health care are valuable and would, 
by definition of “value**, represent 

Yours faithfully, 


3 Dulwich Wood Avenue, SEl 9. 
December 30. 

Eden and the unions - a reappraisal 

From Lord Carr of Hadley 
Sir, The harsh criticism of Anthony 
Eden in your leader of January 3 for 
failing in 1955 to act on Lord 
Nufficld’s proposal for a legal 
requirement for secret ballots before 
unions could call strikes and for 
electing officers, is singularly ill- 
considered and unfair. 

Lord Nuffield’s belief, which you 
so uncritically accept, feat this 
would provide the simple solution 
to “Britain's bad record of strikes 
and industrial breakdown" was 
extraordinarily naive and only to be 
explained by assuming that he had 
by then lost real touch with the 
actual current problems in industrial 

By 1955 the most economically 
damaging strike action was increas- 
ingly arising not from strikes called 
by unions wife doubtful majority 
support or by militant union 
officials with dubious democratic 
credibility, but from unofficial 
strikes called by unofficial leaders 
usually in breach of their unions' 
agreements and/or their rules and 
procedures. While secret ballots, 
broadly as proposed by Lord 
Nuffield, are now proving a valuable 
element in the present Govern- 
ment's industrial relations policy 
this is because they were introduced 
not in isolation as a single, simple 
remedy but as one component in a 
carefully prepared and phased 
package of interlocking measures. 

You write disparagingly of Anth- 
ony Eden being “aided and abetted” 
in his refusal to act “by his Minister 
of Labour, the great conciliator. 
Waller Monckton”. This is an unfair 

distortion of both men's records. 
Walter Monckton was appointed by 
Winston Churchill wife a clear 
conciliatory role which he carried 
out brilliantly and which was of 
great importance at fee outset of the 
first post-war period of Conservative 
govern menu Anthony Eden agreed 
wife this, but by 1 955 he felt lhA fee 
time had come for a change of 
emphasis and a more positive 
policy: hence his appointment of 
Iain Madeod as his new Minister of 

In your leader you also suggest 
feat Anthony Eden had a "scant 
interest in domestic affairs”. This is 
not true, as I know from my close 
contact wife him over more than 
four years as his parliamentary 
private secretary. He saw the 
improvement of industrial relations 
as a most urgent problem in tackling 
which fee starting point had to be 
fee establishment of a greater sense 
of partnership within industry 
through the deliberate promotion of 
share ownership by employees, 
employee participation and profit 

All this he saw as an integral and 
central element in the development 
of his wider concept of a property- 
owning democracy which he wanted 
to be fee dominant domestic theme 
of his premiership. Sadly, for 
reasons which arc now part of 
history, this strategy was never put 
to the test. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

January 5. 

Resisting apartheid 

From Mr Costa Gazidis 
Sir, Roger Scruton (December 17) 
tells us that it was wrong for fee 
GLC to have commissioned a bust 
of fee jailed ANC leader Nelson 
Mandela until such time as be prove 
himself truly virtuous and until a 
more sensitive sculptor is found. 

Your correspondent is obviously 
not impressed with Mandela's 22 
years in prison as an expression of 
virtue. But he should be told that he 
is not the only one to have noticed 
that fee ANC has very strong links 
with Moscow via overlapping 
membership with the South African 
Communist Party (SACP). 

What he does not realise - in 
common wife fee British media as a 
whole - is that the ANC is not the 
only organization resisting the 
apartheid regime. It is also not true 
that the ANC is fee leading force in 
that struggle. 

The United Nations, the Organi- 
zation of African Unity and the 
Non-Aligned Movement all recog- 
nize raw liberation movements in 
South Africa. One of them is the 
ANC; the other is fee PAC (Pan 
Africanist Congress of Azania). The 
latter is quite independent of both 

superpowers. In Britain the PAC is 
all but ignored by the left and right: 
for their own reasons they prefer to 
upbold fee ANC as the decisive anti- 
government force. 

Nelson Mandela is not fee only 
leader of the dispossessed African 
people languishing on Robbcn 
Island. Many other great and unsung 
leaders such as Zephaniah Mofeup- 
ing (a name feat will resonate in 
Britain in the future) are there. 
Many more have already been killed 
in custody, such as Steve Biko, of 
the Black Consciousness Movement, 
and Neil Aggett, from the indepen- 
dent black trade unions. 

Mr Scruton has tried to defame 
fee whole liberation struggle against 
the racist South African regime by 
railing against fee manipulated 
Mandela. He has impressed us with 
his classical allusions but should 
dismay us for his lack of scrutiny of 
contemporary history. 

There are many forces working 
for change in South Africa - not all 
of them noticed by even the Anti- 
Apartheid Movement - and not all 
of them are Soviet-dominated. 

Yours etc, 


1 78 Manchester Road. 

Bury. Lancashire. 

Future of Westland 

From Mr C. G. R. Buxton 
Sir, The Government seems embar- 
rassed feat two imaginative schemes 
for Westland's future have emerged. 
But surely this is cause for 
congratulation? There is now choice 
as well as competition. There is also 
a constructive public debate about 
long-term defence procurement 

European defence chiefs increas- 
ingly recognise that fee effectiveness 
of their national armed forces would 
be maximised by greater coordi- 
nation' in their basic defence 
procurement on this side of the 
Atlantic. European as well as 
American security would be en- 
hanced by this process. 

The article on the centre page of 
today's issue (January 3) by Bailey 
Morris on fee “implications of the 
multi-billion squeeze” on American 

defence spending makes sobering 
reading. If financial restraint re- 
quires President Reagan to “preside 
over the largest dismantling of US 
military power since . . . fee early 
1950s", then the consequential need 
in Europe for coordinated defence 
procurement becomes correspon- 
dingly more crucial. 

The rules of this game are said to 
be based on fee best economic bid. 
The European bid is a good one and 
fee shareholders would be wise to 
think of Britain in Europe as part of 
the calculation before them. 

Tomorrow's Europe is being 
formed out of a multitude of 
different decisions. It is of more 
than passing importance whether 
Westland opts to go towards or away 
from Europe. 

Yours faithfully. 

Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire. 

Lessons from Swiss 

From Mr N, Leonard Alderson 
Sir, Mr Farr ‘ (December 27) 
illustrates fee informality of fee 
Swiss political leaders. I, too. can 
testify to this, having passed fee 
Foreign Minister in fee street in 
Gstaad this summer eating a hot 

This informality is combined with 
responsiveness to fee needs of fee 
ordinary citizen. Recently my wife 
wrote a letter to the President of the 
Swiss Confederation. A few days 
later I received at my office a 
telephone call from the President's 
office to say lhai my home 
telephone didn't answer and that 
they were anxious to contact my 
wife as soon as possible to discuss 
fee letter wife her. 

We all have a lesson to learn from 
the Swiss in the effective functioning 
of a true democracy. 

Yours faithfully, 


1 1 1 Route dc la Capile. 

1 223 Cologny, 



December 28. 

Hong Kong leadership 

From Professor Robert Skidelsky 
Sir, Simon Winchester (feature. 
January 6 ) suggests that Prince 
Charles be fee next, and last. 
Governor of Hong Kong, This is fee 
doniest idea to have appeared for a 
long time: another sign, I suppose, of 
our senile obsession with the Royal 

What fee Foreign Office should 
be aiming for is to have as the last 
Governor a local Chinese leader, 
who enjoys the confidence of fee 
Hong Kong community and Peking, 
and who could be the first head of 
government of fee territory after the 
handover of 1997. 

The important thing is to develop 
some kind of political process in 
Hong Kong between now and 1977. 
not smother the colony's dying days 
in a royal embrace. 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Warwick, 

Department oflntemaiional Studies, 

West Midlands. 

January 6 . 

Wind in the wires 

From Dr C. J. Spra. y 
Sir. With reference to recent 
correspondence concerning plans for 
fee removal of overhead telegraph 
wires may I suggest that one section 

Sleepers awake 

From MrJ. Lingford-Hughes 
Sir, Professor Fells (December 28) is 
mistaken. It is not lying athwart a 
sleeping car which keeps him awake, 
but the copious drafts of brandy he 
consumes beforehand. 

A French^pealring Pole, in 
Corsica, explained to me many years 
ago that brandy livens one up, and 
whisky calms one down. I have since 
proved this to my total satisfaction. 
Yours faithfully, 


Yeaton House, 




December 29. 

of the community, albeit 
human, wiil be delighted by tn.'ir 
passing. Each year thousands of 
birds are killed or injured in Britain 
by collision with overhead wires, 
with swans perhaps the most 
frequent victims. 

During five years of research of 
mute swan populations in the 
Hebrides, over 80 per cent of all 
deaths I recorded were due to swans 
hitting overhead wires and either 
being electrocuted or killed by the 
impact. On a national basis, swan 
deaths due to collisions wife 
overhead wires rank second only to 
deaths from lead poisoning due to 
ingestion of anglers' weights. 

The “haunting moan of fee wind 
in fee wires" reported by your 
correspondent (December 27) may 
also, I suggest, have been their 


Yours faifefuUv, 


Great Bradley, 



January 3. 


V ; v JANUARY 8, 1894 

For a number of years in the late 19th 
and eariy 20th centuries it icat the 
practice of The Times to review the 
events of the preceding year in a series 
of essays - some of considerable length 
and detail. 


Action is at all times so much more 
dramatically attractive than growth 
that interest in the colonial history of 
1893 almost naturally centres in 

The most definite record of 
achievements comes from South 
Africa, where the successful campaign 
against the Matabele has removed the 
greatest obstacle which existed to the 
satisfactory settlement of the northern 
region. ... It had been hoped in fee 
first months of the year feat fee 
peaceful strengthening of the links of 
communication with the north by 
means of telegraphs and railways would ] 
have sufficed to bring about the gradual 
inclusion of the Matabele nation in the 
web of mining and agricultural 

But it became evident in the month 
of July that war between the European 
settlers in Mashonaland and the 
Matabele was practically inevitable. 
Mining and agricultural operations 
could only be carried on in the country 
by means of native labour, and in order 
to secure this it was necessary to 
guarantee protection to natives 
employed by Europeans. The Matabele 
had generally respected this guarantee, 
but in July a fierce raid was made upon 
the Victoria district. Mashonas in fee 
employment of European settlers there 
were billed, European farms were 
looted, and fee indunas in command of 
fee expedition even went so far as to 
demand feat Mashonas who had fled 
into fee fort for pro tectum should be 
given up. It was the last of many 
serious provocations. The expedition 
was expelled by force, and both sides 
prepared for war. Some delay occurred, 
and it was even then possible for 
Lobengula, if he could have controlled . 
bis impis, to have negotiated fee 
conditions of a peaceful settlement 
Every effort was made in that direction 
by fee European authorities. The 
company's forces were attacked, and it 
was not until October 2 that the; 
Matabele took fee initiative by firing i 
upon the company’s patrols. On 
October 5 an irnpi hovering further to 
fee south fired upon a patrol of the 
Bechuanaland Police. On fee 6 th the 
company's columns, fully equipped, 
well armed, and numbering in all about 
1,000 strong, set out from Forts 
Victoria. Charter, and Salisbury, with 
the purpose of effecting a junction near 
Fort Charter and marching upon 
Buhiwayo from fee north. The 
Imperial column, commanded by 
Colonel Goold -Adams, and consisting 
chiefly of Bechuanaland Border Police, 
reinforced by fee company's troops 
from Tuli and by some of Khama's 
men. advanced simultaneously from 
the Bechuanaland border on the south. 
The company's t roops were under fee 
command of Major Forbes, but fee 
columns were accompanied by Dr. 
Jameson and Sir John Willoughby. 

The little campaign was as brilliantly 
executed as it was admirably conceived. 
The northern columns effected a 
junction after a first sharp encounter 
with fee enemy near Indaima’s 
Mountain on October 26. This gave 
them the necessary command of the 
high ground. A battle of more 
importance c>n the head waters of fee 
Shangani river on November 1, in both 
of which some thousands of the 
Matabele were engaged, and in both of 
which the company's forces were 
completely victorious, decided the 
defeat of Lobengula, who fled, 
accompanied by fee broken remnants 
of bis army, towards the north. 
Buluwayo was occupied by fee 
company’s troops on November 4. The 
southern column, after a sharp 
engagement on November 3 wife fee 
Matabele forces detached for the ' 
defence of fee approaches to Buluwayo I 
from the south, joined them there I 
within a few days. Civil government 
was immediately proclaimed, and the 
peaceful settlement of fee country was 
proceeded wife. An offer of fee High 
Commissioner to occupy Buluwayo by 
Imperial police was declined by Mr 
Rhodes. The district was at once 
included within fee sphere of 
administration of Dr. Jameson, the 
sites of two townships were selected, all 
natives who tendered their submission | 
were encouraged to return to the 
ploughing of their fields, and Major 
Forbes was gazetted magistrate. In the 
meantime negotiations were opened 
with fee flying King, and a patrol 
under Captain Wilson was despatched 
in pursuit of him. The King continuing 
to retreat into fee fastnesses of fee 
Matoppo Hills, and rumours coming in 
of gatherings of natives in his support, 
a strong military reconnaissance was 
determined upon, wife fee object of 
finally dispersing any bodies of natives 
collected for offensive purposes, and, if 
possible, of capturing fee King. Major 
Forbes started for this purpose from 
Shiloh on November 25 and returned 
after a brilliant but arduous experience 
of four weeks' marching and fighting 
through practically desert country, 
successful in everything but the actual 
capture of Lobengula 

Born to blush unseen 

From Mr Jonathan Manthorpe 
Sir, In today's edition (January 3) 
the Reverend John Ticehurst asks if 
anyone knows of women who have 
been named Keren nappuch. My 
own family records show that in the 
eighteenth* century Robert Man- 
thorpe. of Wrentham. a village 
between South wold and Lowestoft, 
in Suffolk, was married to Karen- 
happuck Aldous. 

The name did not catch on and 
has not been given to subsequent 
children. My family did, however, 
during the time of the Common- 
wealth. hold briefly in vogue the 
name Happy beat rice. 

Yours faithfiilly. 

Irstead Hall. 

Irstead, Norwich. Norfolk. 

From Miss C. S. K. Parkes 

Yours faithfully. 




Traihecn. Port Lcwaigue. 

Maughold, Isle of Man. 

January 3. 



January ?: Lady Susan Hussey has 
succeeded Lady Abel Smith as Lady 
in Waiting to The Queen. 


January 7: Ruth, Lady Fermoy has 

succeeded Lady .Angela Oswald as 

Lady in Waiting to Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother. 

January 7: The Princess Margaret. 
Coumess of Snowdon today re- 
ceived His Excellency The Japanese 
Ambassador and Madame Toshio 

The Prince of Wales will attend a 
dinner dance given by Mr and Mrs 
Walter Annenberg in aid of 
Operation Raleigh at Rancho 
Mirage. California, on February 22, 
after his five-day visit to Texas. 

A thanksgiving service for the life of 
the Right Rev Arthur W. Goodwin 
Hudson will be held at St Paul's 
Church. Porun&n Square, (in 
Robert Adam SlreetX London WI. 
on Monday. January 27. at 
12.15pm. The address will be given 
by the former Bishop of Norwich, 
the Right Rev Maurice A. P. Wood. 

*• .V-:; 

i ■■ 


: ©SKbafr. 

HM Inspectorate of Constabulary 
Sir Lawrence Byford, HM Chief 
Inspector of Constabulary, presided 
at the annual reunion luncheon of 
HM Inspectorate of Constabulary 
hetd at New Scotlannd Yard 
yesterday. The principal guest was 
the Hon Douglas Hurd. Secretary of 
State for the Home Dcpanmcnnt. 

Lord Mansfield, First Crown Estate Commissioner, 
looking at a model of the proposed conversion into flats of 
the Diorama bonding (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Conversion plan for 
London landmark 

By Christopher YVarman, Property Correspondent 

Lair Society 

Mr Alan Leslie. President of the 
Law Society, was the host yesterday 
at a luncheon held at 60 Carey 
Street, WCL Among those present 

Sir Michael Palllscr. Sir Maurice Hodgson. 
Mr Justice McNeil. Judge Joseph Dean. Dr 
John Roberts. Mr John Wlcfcersan. Mr 
Richard Harvey, Mr John Sour-on. Mr 
John Barren and Mr ChaHes Butcher. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

Mr David Pnttnam to be a trustee of 

the Tate GaJicry. in succession to 
Mr Peter Palumbo. 

Professor Malcolm Todd to be a 
member of the Royal Commission 
on Historical Monuments i Eng- 
land :. 

Sir Peregrine Rhodes to be Director 
General of the British Property 
Federation, in succession to Sir 
Donald Tebbit. 

Mr Adrian Sharratt to be Chief 
Executive of the Vegetarian Society, 
in succession to Mr Peter Cox. 

Lady Soamcs to be President of the 
South of England Agricultural 
Society's twentieth show to be held 
at Ardingly, near Haywards Heath, 
West Sussex, in June. 

Ciifton College 

Term begins today. A. J. AHport 
(Wiseman's) is head of school and 
H. D. Davies (East Town) is second 
head of school. Confirmation by the 
Bishop of Malmesbury will be on 
Sunday, March 1 A performance, 
including Kodaly's Psalmus Hun- 

e ricus and Dvorak's Te Dcum. will 
given at the Colston Hail on 
March IS in conjunction with the 
choral societies cT Badminton 
School and Gifion High School. A 
Spanish production of El Gestieula- 
dor. by Rodolfo Usigli. will be 
performed on March 20. 21 and 22. 
Exeat is from February 16 to 18 
(inclusive) and term ends on March 
26. The OC reunion will be held on 
May 10 and 1 F for those bom 
between 1942 and 1948. 

The Diorama building sooth of 
Regent's Park, London, built 
by Nash to honse Louis 
Daguerre's early version of the 
cinema in 1823, which has 
recently been threatened with 
redevelopment as offices or 
even demolition, is to be 
converted into Oats under a new 
scheme annotmeed yesterday 
by the Crown Estate Com- 

The plans have been submit- 
ted to Camden council for 
consideration. and the ' £3 
million to £4 million scheme 
can be completed in about two 
years if it is approved. 

An earlier plan to tarn the 
Diorama, a Grade I listed 
building, into offices was 
rejected after a public inquiry 
in 1984. it is the only building 
of its type left In the world 
since Daguerre's Paris Dio- 
rama was burnt down, and still 
retains the bnge cogwheel 
which turned the seating 
platform as the audience 
viewed the pictures. 

At present, much of the 
building is empty but part is 
occupied by Diorama Arts and 
used as an arts centre. The 
commissioners are engaged in 
litigation with the gronp over 
possession of the building. 
Lord Mansfield, First Com- 

missioner, said when he laun- 
ched the new scheme that the 
building was deteriorating 
rapidly and would cost millions 
just to put in order. 

The Diorama Arts gronp is 
due to nnreO its own plans for 
the building next month, but 
Lord Mansfield hoped the 
commissioners* scheme would 
be approved as a “sensible 
compromise** for the future of 
the building. 

Under the renovation 
scheme, there will be 18 flats 
and maisonettes of one to three 
bedrooms. costing from 
£150,000 to about £300,000, 
and two bouses which front on 
to Park Square East at the 
south-east comer of the park, 
which could cost about 
£500,000 each. 

All that 'is left of the 
Diorama is the shell and the 
cogwheel, for after it closed in 
185L it became variously a 
Baptist chapel, a clinic for 
rheumatism sufferers and, 
latterly, part of Bedford Col- . 

If the new design is accepted, 
the building will have four 
levels compared with its pre- 
sent two, and two full-height 
atria, probably the only resi- 
dential building in the country 
to do so. 

Latest wills 

Miss Gladys Margaret Hogg, of 
Chiswick. London, for nearly 50 
vears senior professional at the 
Queen's Ice Skating Club. Bays- 
watcr. left estate valued at £1 60,901 

Dr Leslie Alcn Paul, of Cheltenham. 
Gloucester, author of the Paul 
report in 1964 calling for sweeping 
changes in the organization of the 
Anglican ministry, left estate valued 
at £62.845 net. 

Allhalkms School, 

Stewart, Mr Alexander David, of 
Kclsalc. Suffolk £297.542 

The Lent Term at Allhallows begins 
today and ■ ends on Wednesday. 
March 26. Junior scholarship 
examinations will take place in the 
week beginning February 17; closing 
date for applications is January -27. 
Interviews for sixth-form scholar- 
ships will take place on March 7/S; 
closing date for applications is 
February 22. Half-term is from 
Friday. February 14 to Tuesday, 
February IS. 

W iviH send your love 


The Hon G. $. Monde 
and Mbs CE. V. Naylor 

Major A. W. M. Gardiner 
and Mbs B. von Tresckow 

Mr J.W. Price 

and Miss H. M. Wrixon 

The engage) 
between Geo: 
late Viscount 

Forthcoming marriages B . codrington 

The Hon G. 5- Mouck Major A. W. M. Gardiner MrJ.W.Price QTf Stlffl aTCllHCOlOSV 

and Mbs C. E. V. Naylor and Mbs g, too Tresckow and Miss H. M. Wrixon luOiflU 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced The e n ga gem ent is announced ' Hi* Rnroh He followed this in 1934 with 

betwren George, second son of the betwera Alexander W.M. Gardiner. . between John. .son of Mr and M*F.. Professor Ketuug. qe. BOign ^ introduction Jo the Studvnt 

late Viscount Monde and of Mrs G. The Royal Green Jackets, son of Mr D. Price, of Diana Seal Uaodgfo Codrington- who died pH New in 1935 hSL? 

M. palmer, POgrims Farm, Over- and MrsW. A. Cantina! Woodcot, and Hefca .daughter of Mrand Mrs Year’s Day at h* J?°me » ‘‘ J" “j 

ton, Hampshire, and Camilla, Chariton Park Gate. Cheltenham. P. CL Wrixon, of Devereux Apoledore. was Professor of apgointea gvPgger wjy 1 Pdiaa 

second daughter ofthe late Mr John and Beatrice, younger daughter of Wootton, Herefordshire. Indian Archaeology in A* ■rt!r ona ? nd 

Naylor and of Mrs John Naylor, Herr Christoph and Frau von Mr M-Dw Steinberg . TTntverrftv of from AHlCrt.M nSCU tll. The, versatility 

The Mill House, Bramley, Hamp- Tresctow, ofMaseru, Lesotho. and Mbs C J. Ellis had miWished of his interests ismdicaied bv a 

^ M-g „ The is UDOBOd BO£ineV«xl'f‘hel m i S ' 

aMhni.awrt oSias, ihe ^ part of a* 

25jaar.ii, suss rsSis 

Cheftenham. Gloucestershire and _____ „ . Section oftta Victoria and A fthimiitfa n and went two 

Naylor and of Mrs John Naylor, Hexr Chi 
The Mill House, Bramley, Hamp- Tresckow, 

Mr N.J. Porter 

and Miss N. C. Cowell 

The marriage has been arranged 

between Ncfl, son of Mrand Mrs J. 

T. Cowell, of Wareham. Dorset, and 
Lady Neville, of Edingthorpe, 

a gift for 


Si Valentines Day 
if you send your love 
inThelimes /f/. 

The romance of Cacharel 
isintheair on $t. Valentines Day/N. 

Bui onJy whenyou place a personalis- 
messasje to a loved one in The Times on 
February 14+h. 

Because when vpu Jo, we*U sen J them a 
romantic Cach a rel* fragrance on vour behalf. 
i : OR HER She will receive a Cacnarel An a is 
Anais Eau de Toilette 30ml. 

FOR HIM He will receive a Cacharel pour 
1' Homme Eau de Tojlette 50ml. 

We’ll post your tgift in time for St. 
\ r alentine’s Day witfi a reminder to look for 
your personal message in The Times. 

/ Topi ace yours fill in the 

^'''coupon helow, to reach us by 
F ehruaiy 7th f and send it togetherwith 
your cheque, postal order or Access/Visa 
number to: 

1 imes Newspapers Ltd., 

Classi bed Advertisement Dept., 

12 Coley Street, London WC9 99YT. 
Minimum messages: 3 lines, 4 words 
per line. Cost: £18.00 (Message without 
gift; £13.80 inc VAX). Additional lines 
£4.60 inc VAX. per line. Fragrances only 
available to U-K- readers. 

One Cacharel fragrance per message, j 


Please attach your message on a separate piece of paper. Messages must be 
received no later than February 7th 1986: 

1 enclose a cheque for£ 

Charge my Arcess/Visa card: I 1 I II 1 I I 1 I I I Iff 1 I 1 

My name and address ■ 

Day time phone no: 

Recipients name and address — — . 


For ofbcc use o, 

HERS CU pi ease tick which 
•only: TT 

Mr C. R. Abel Smith 

ami Mbs J. M. S. WoUon 

The engagetueut is announced 

Deborah, ekier daughter of Mr and . MrBiL A.Ta^«r 
Mis B. EL . Chesworth, of . Lower and Mbs H. J. Jooes 
Withihgtoa, Cheshire. Tim engagement i 


Section of tbe Victoria and 
AlberLMuseum. ;• 

Afghanistan and 
years excavating in 

and Mbs C. S. Dtnce 
The engagement is 

cut is - announced! _ inc 
, son of Dr and Mis I officer, 

The son of an ihdian Army k- . 

Beer, Codrington was 

.w-g tiwt at Sherterrie and the ibe Tagore Soctetyrs Exhibition 

“y The engagement is announced S'STmk-T R ft 

between Charles, son of Mr and Mrs h fraj .n n MI5 4 * JD 

Wflfrid Abel Smith, of 12 Stanhope f Winchester. 

Gardens, LondonTsW7, and Julral G^n.orWMtage, Oxfordshur, Mr J.CG.Trower 
daugbC? or M? and Mrs JoS Sd and Mbs V.I*H.Langman 

Wofton, of The Old Rectory. Little J ' “ Dulwich. m engagement is announced 

*— ” — J - - LOliaon - between JoStoSn Cbaries Gossdin, 

Saxham, Bury St Edmonds, Suffolk. 

Mr J. S. C Adamson 
and Miss C. L. M. Key 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Jamie, elder son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs W. J. 
Campbell Adamson, of Careston 

ETTaa 1 rfu^ted ataS& and the MgfiSgmfc &cbibmoa 
devetond, and Helen, dau^uer oF Cadet College at Wellington, m of India n Art ml944aiKl be was 

Mr and Mrs T. B. Jones, of T ndia Gazetted lb the Indian a metnoeT the management 

Winchester. Army in I9J7 he- served with Coxntmttce of tb e jnstituie of 

MrJ.C G.Trower ^ f 3ni (Wn Victoria** Oxvn Arch»cdogy front 1944 to 1967. 

and Mbs Y.XhH.L*ngman * Light HoreC until invalided out In_l94g ne was appointed to 
The engagement is announced jjj \Q2l. tiic uBtr or lnttim a Amuealogy 

Mr C.JLM. Graves eldest 

and Mbs A. P. May hew . Trows 

Tbe m wwnifn j is announced Hertfc 
between sou of Dr and Jiaxtt, 

between Jonathan coaries uosseun, - L h __ wmt . to Corpus at Lcnadoa University at the 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs Anthony rolle RA. Cambridge, Institute of Art±a«5ogy and 

Hartt, daughter of Mr ■ Roy Wadham College, Oxford. He Stoui&s. none ^became a 

Castle. Brechin, Angus, and Carol, adcombe. SmsaT “ 

only daughter of the late Colonel ’ Sussex., 

and Mrs E. F. H. Key, and Lieutenant R.S. Gray, RN, 

and Mrs E. F. H. Key, and 
stepdaughter of Mrs M. L 
Bndgman Key, of Palma, Majorca. 

Mr M. E. C Ash 

and Mbs C. Cabrera Infante 

and Mbs S. J. Leonard 
The engagement is annnpncwi 
between Robert, eldest sou of Mr F. 
Gray, of niogan, Redruth. Cornwall, 
and Mrs F. James,- of Troon, 

Jersey, Channel Islands. 

Mr N. W. Price 

and Mbs C. Tayltg-DMrfusnn 


of combative energy. 

Archaeology and Fellow of the On his retirement from the 
Graduate School, University of chair be was made Professor 

The engagement is announced T -GndnnalL 

between Nicholas, elder son of Mr Soon after his re turn to W ivdy x- oonng ioa putdished. 
and Mrs P. M. C. Price, of Britain his brief survey. Ancient..* book of memoirs, entitled 
Weybridge, and C^role,^ twin Ifldia appeared and; in 1929 he Cricket m the ■ Grass, an 
^ & Taylor ^ h]is ^ZiUnlTodiiction to the of an 

Dickinson, of Leeds. g* _ Medievai Indian EdwardhaacfaWhood. 

Captain K. N. Tween, RAOQ Scu future In 1930 he brought He married m 1927, Philippa 

and Mbs Y.E. Norman out a revision of Vincent Christine a daughter of E. V, 


In 1957 Codrington published 

The engagement is announced Camborne, Cornwall, and Susan, 
between Edward, only son of Mr only daughter of Mr and Mis R- 

Michael Ash and Mrs John Leonard, 
Ommanncy. and stepson of Mr ComwalL 
John Ommanney. of Coin St 
Dennis. Gloucestershire, and Caro- MrD. J.l 
la. younger daughter of Mr and Mrs *ud Mbs 
Guillermo Cabrera Infante, of The csg 
Kensington. London. between 1 

Mr J. K. Baker 
and Miss J. A- Bunting 

The engagement is announced : no 
between John, son of Mr K. H. F. Mr N. W. 
Baker, of Radwinter. Saffron and Miss! 

iHog an , Redruth, 

e. and Caro- Mr D. J. Halls The engagement is an nou nc ed 

Mr and Mrs aud MissN. A. Holman between Keith Nteel, son of Mr and 

In feme, of The engagement is announced Mrs R. Tween, of Saltdean, Sussex. 

between David, younger son of Mr and Yvonne Elaine, younger of 

Captain K. N. Tween, RAOC, 
and Miss Y. E. Norman 

The engagement is announced Smith’s History of Indian Fine Homing. They had a son and a 
between Keith Nigel, son of Mr and daughter. 

Mrs R. Tween, of SalTdean, Sussex. ~ fin ' 

The engagcincnt is announced D. W. Holman, of Harrogate, 
between John, son of Mr K. H. F. Mr N.W. Holier 
Baker, of Radwinter. Saffron and Miss R. E. M. Dickson 
Walden. Essex, and Julia, younger The engagement is announced 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. H. between Nicholas, son of Dr and 

octwccn David, younger sonoiMr . 1 

and Mrs W. J. Halls, of Harrogate, daughter of Mr and Mis K. 
dud Nicola, daughter of Mr and Mis Norman, of Burnham, Buckingham- 


Me R. W. Vernon ' 
and Miss S. P. Wilson 
The engagement is 

Sir John Denman Barlow, Bt, chairmaH of bis party’s trade 
Conservative Member of Pailia- and industry committee. 

mem for the Middleton and. Ur March, 2968 a FaHdands 

The engagement is annaimred 1 Prestwxdi 'division of. Lanca- Islands ■emergency co mmit^ 
between Ricbard, sera of Brigadier ] sbire from 1951 to 1966, died wassetiijxui Ixmdon imder the 
and Mrs H; iL W. Vernon, off on January 5. He was 87. 

_ ... .. . . between Nicholas, sop of Dr and 

Bunting. ofTysoc. Warwickshire. . Mrs A. R. Horier, or Gosforth, 

Mr D. A. Barns Newcastle upon Tyne, and Rona, 

and Miss T. N. Hayes younger daughter of Mr and Mrs L 

The engagement is announced M. Dickson, of Barnton Park, 
between David, only son of Mr and Edinburgh. 

Mrs Alan Bams, of Perth. Western Mr A. L. Hyde Parker 
Australia, and Tbira. eldest daugh- and Miss B. C Stearns 
ter of Mr and Mis Francis Hayes, of The engagement is - announced 

Newcastle upon Tvne, and Rona, Church Oakley, Hampshire amf 
younger dfpgh t r r of Mr and Mrs L Sheena, daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 

chairmanship of Baxiow who 

N. Wilson, of Eastbourne; East 

The son of Sir John Barlow, was a director of The FaUdauds 
first baronet, whom he sec- Islands Company, The com- 

Llansannor. South Glamorgan. 

Mr A. Watson 
and Miss V. J. Pum 
The engagement is 


ceeded m 1932, and the Hon mittee inrioded Labour ami 
Maria Heywood Denman, sister Conser v a ti ve MFs. . . 
of the third Baron Denman, he InJiiiy, 1982 Barlow released 
was born on June L5 k 1898. a letter written in 2968 by Mr 
He vras . a merchant and ■ Denis Healey, then Secretary of 

Mr N. H. S. Bersweden and Mis L. E. Hyde 

and Miss S. A. Carles Smcctbam HaO, Sudbm 

The engagement is announced and Bridget, youngest d _ 
between Nils onlv son of Mrs G. M. the late Mr Arthur Steams and Mrs 
Bcnswcdcn. or Ossciu West York- p - E. Steams, of RanWorth House, 
shire, and Mr S. A. U.Bcrswcdcn. of Harleston, Norfolk. . .. 

Sjobo. Sweden, and Sarah, younger M , r r . , 

daughter of Mrs J. A. Carles, of 

Kinlington. Oxford, and the late Mr ^ C J * Meuan * 
W.R.Carlcs. ofTimau. Kenya. The cnggemenl is i 

between Anthony, eldest son of Mr. between. Alexander, younger son of a ~iruni of 

and Ll Hyde of Mr rtMqA of 

Smcctbam HaO, Sudbury, Suffolk. - Elgin and Corby, and Victoria Jane, 
and Bridget, youngest daughter of elder daughter of Mr William 

Mr J. Birch 
and Miss C. Jarvis 

The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of Mr and Mis 
1. G. K. Landless, of Hill Farm, 

Purves. DSO, and Mis Purves, of 
Hongkong and Galashiels. 

Mr S. D. Westlake 
and Miss C. A. Eke 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon David, elder son of 
Dr and Mrs D. J. Westlake; of 
Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, 

Thomas Barlow and Brothers, . stated that the Royal Marine 
of Manchester and London, and detachment on the islands, 
he had also been a director of working with their defence 
Barclay's Bank, ' Ltd . {Man- force, ‘‘‘would be adequate to 
Chester. . Local' Board); the. meet any cont ingenc y that we 
Manchester Chamber - of can forsee at present**. 
Commerce and the Calico Barlow released the latter 
Printers’ Association. He was because of the publicity which 

chairman of various Malayan had been given to a letter from 
rubber companies and during Mrs Thaticber to a pmservative 

The engagement is announced eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs J L E. 
between James, eldest son of Mr Measures, of Bandar Sen Begawan, 

Dunstew, Oxford, and Caroline, .and Catharine Anne, eldest daugh- j.thc 1939-45 war was vice-chair- supporter in February, 1982 

and Mrs John Birch, of Greenwich, pnmeu “u 
and Claire, eldest daughter of Mr London, W8. 
and Mrs Antony Jarvis, of Mr F. D. Love 
Dodd ington, Lincolnshire. and Miss C & Hicks 

Mr J. Black The engagement i 

and Miss P. Pnlhara between Frani 

Brunei, and 36 Gordon Place, 

ter of Mr and Mrs J. C. Eke, of 
Stowcy. Bristol. 

man of the Cotton Board.' 

saying that the Government 


Mr E. J. Whitley 

and Miss A. M. Ramsay 

The engagement is announced i 

between Edward, son of Mr and Mrs 

E. Whitley, of Church Pulverbatcfu \ 

between Francis, eldest son of Dr Shropshire, and Araramta, daughter! V North wich tfrviskm of 

In his early days Barlow thougM that the RM garrison at 
followed the family tradition of pml Stanley was enough to 
Liberalism in politics, his father , deter aggression: 
being Liberal Member of * Mr Healey’s letter also stated 
Rtdiament for Frame for more , that the ice patrol ship HMS 

^ 1 **n5ttctbr was being replaced by 

The engagement is announced and Mia T. Uvd. of Hiiratbourue of Mr and Mre A W. Ramsay, of as a . Liberal in 1929 and two _ 

between James, eldest son. of Mr JdeSiuihS'SriST 11 ? Brunsw,i:k Gardens. London. . jtrars later stood down In favour letter Mr 

and Mrs R. Black. Newyearfield. elder daughter °f Mr T. P. Hicks, of Mr S.D. Willett • of the Conservative candidate. nx^- 

B,™,.. S.o™ a rte t SutU, and *■«***. «f MtaJ.Bhcktam . '2 **» 

Penny, younger daughter, of Mr 
Mrs H. Pulham, Broekford l 
Brock ford. Stowmaricet, 5uffolL 

daughter, of Mr and Ramsbury, wntshire. 
tn. Broekford Hall, Mr&H.Muston 

HMS Endurance. 

Ajfter Barlow bad released the 
leuer Mr Healey toM The Times 
tint Mrs Thatcher, in her letter. 

Mr S. M. Clements 
and Miss'E. J. Burnham 

and Miss S. J. Sherlock 

The engagement is announced 
between Simon David, youngest son 
of Liculcnani-Coione! and Mrs P. J. 

iii . order .that' . the^. National : jhad be® trying to justify the 
Govemmenl vote shoukTnotbe withdrawal of a naval vessel 

The engagement is announced *® te ^ ,r 

The engagement is announced Willett, of The Old Cream House! 
between Steven, youngest son ofthe Ashburton. Devon,_ and Julia, 

ylit In . 1945 .he combed the whidi he had inlonned Bartow 
Eddisbury. division of Cheslure in iris letter would be staying. 

•sr *1 I tlxAWkl i flu* w »■ _ ■ _ v v ** rn T 

and of Mrs voungest daughter of the late Mr 

between Simon, son of Mr and Mrs Vernica i Maiaoo,' of Hawld^ Prto* Blackburn and Mrs Sybfl 

Etavid Clements, of Eastclifl; Hampshire, and Sarah, youngest Blackburn, of Holrmoor House, 

daughter of Dr and Mrs John Chard, Somerset 

Feli\siowe. Suffolk, and Elaine, “"“c J 

daughter or Mr and Mrs Gordon Sberiock, of Chi eh ester, Sussex. 
Burnham, of HillandaJe. Lostwi- Mr J.M. Moore 
Uriel. ComwalL and Miss R. A. H. Simnson 

as a National Liberal with the His letter lad referred to 
foil support of the local contingencies then foreseen. He 
Conservative Association, and was not. paying that m all 
won the seat from Labour by a circumstances would the forces 

good majority.' ' . . have been adequate. He had 

The Eddisbury diveion was been a member of the group of 

have been adequate. He had 

uuei.LornwaiL and Miss R A. H. Simpson Captain T J ( 

Mr E. Cory The engagement is. • announced . *nd Miss F.j. 

and Miss C. Cane between John, third son of Mr and ^ _ Q - - _ 

The engagement is announced £ Ir5 J: R- Moore, of .Weybrid^: Saturday, Jam 

between Edward, only son of Mr Surrey, and Rosemary, youngest 


Captain T. J. Garforth-Bles 

and Miss F.J.Nere 

The marciage took place 

abolished .under the. Represen- Labour ministers which agreed 
lation of the People Act, 1948, io send other vessels to the 

and he unsuccessfolly contested Falklaiids in 1977 to deter 
Walsall as a National Liberal p n^bU _« Eg rtHBc»»n 

s ffasnsasfflas 


and Mrs Edward. Cory, of Barnes, «?ugnxer oi 
and Caroley, second daughter of Mr bunpron, a 
and Mrs Paul Gane, of Knights- nara. Surrey, 
bridge. The marriage will take place Mr J. Motgi 
in the Spring. and Miss P. 

Mr S. P.Cruz The eng^i 

and Miss P. A. HandfieUkFones between Juli 

Westcroft, Wolding.- 

The engagement is . announciSd 
between Julian^ elder son of Mr and 

ment is announced **- J - Moigan. of Pembroke 

between Simon, second son of the Gardens. Kensington, London, and 

Lancers, youngest son of Lieuten- Party, and was rt 
arii-Coionel and Mrs David Middleton and Pre 
Garforth-Bles, of Farnham. Surrey, three-cornered fight. 

32fL5JS-5SS a - J ^ ne JRy** K SK In the Commons 
daughter of Major and Mrs Richard on « vera i rommirtp 
Neve, of Hindhead, Surrey. The 0n SevcraI COmmitte 
Right '• Rev J. R. Satlerth waite. 

Bishop of Gibraltar in Europe; 

jura twtservauve cancudate At y e was a Justice of the Peace 

the General Election of 1951 he fen- Cheshire. - 

had Joined the Conservative In 1928 Barlow manied the 
Party, and nras^returoed for Hon. *. * Diana Helen . Kemp, 

Mddleton awl ftestwich in a youn^r daughter of the firat 
three-coma-ed fighL . - Baron Rochdale. There were 

In the Commons he served three sons and one da ugh t er of 
on several committees, and was the marria ge 

snscT&sSdjKjLz ’iSs&sS&St**"’** 

A. Cruz- Vaughan, of Gibraltar, and Strain and the late Mrs A. E. Strain, £r Courtauld. 

Poppy Co “o™- Nonhem ^ 'gfc™ “ “" V 

Mr M. R. Handfidd-Jones and of ' SLSf 


(The Rt Hon Edward Heath/ with i nterna tional a ffair s qnd 

Mrs M. P. Tinn4 and sU 
of Mr M. P..Tinne, o; 

Mr M.J.Davey 

and Miss N. S. B. Hughes 

Mr D. J. S. Norman ■ 
and Miss C. J. Laurie-Mtrir 
The engagement', is announced 
between David, son of Wing 
Commander M. J. £ Norman, 

The engagernent- is announced MBE, RAF, (retd), .and Mis 
between Martin, only son of Mr and Norman, of Fleet, and Caroline. 

. by her fetber and was attended tor 
Emily, Thomas and James Hhrii- 
son, Victoria Garforth-Bles and 
Geor^r and Melanie Garforth-Bles. 
-Captain' Mark Hardlng-Rofls, , 
1 7th/2 1st Lancers, was best man. 

- A reception- was held at 30 1 
Pavilion Road and the honeymoon j 
is being spent abroad. 

Mrs G. Davey, of Feodc, and Nino, daughter of Mrs J. Laurie-Muir, of MrTJ W. Hedges 

you ngesi daughter of Dr and Mrs E. Church Crookham. 
B. Hughes, ofFeock, CornwalL 

Mr G. Danes 
and Miss S. Cooke 

Mr J. O'Connell 
and Miss S. C. Davey 
The engagement is 


The engagement is announced *“« O’Connell, of 

between GuyTsecond son of Mr and Kelvedon Common, Essex, mid 

and Miss P. H. Dolton 
The marriage took place quietly on j 
December 18 rn Frcnchay ChapeL 1 
Bristol, between Mr Thomas 
William Hedges, of Cirencester, and 
Mrs Patricia Helen Dolton, of Bath, i 

MBE, MP writes: 

May I add to your well 
balanced appraisal of Sam 
Spiegel's life work in films* his 
worldwide , triumphs and his 
lesser successes, a note about 
him as a m an. 

Sam Spiegel was one -of ; the 
most cultured and enlightened 
people one could ever happen 

his extensive contacts in the 
world- of politics; his “profound 
belief in individual freedom as a 
result of his origins and his 
experiences of Nazi Germany; 
all these attest to his deep and 
multifarious interests outside 

film-making. -- •• .- 

.Above aB, Sam. Sp&egel had 
an immense gift for friendship. 

to meet His widespread know- He was a most generous host, a 
ledge of literature, supported by mine . of information, and a 

Mrs Noel Davies, of Waltham St Susan Caroline, only daughter of Mr 

Lawrence. Berkshire, and Susan, Gordon Davey and the late Mrs UirtlHlayS tOflfly 

his fluent command of many stimulating companion. If at 
. languages; hrs superb times his own dominant gifts 
ari collection, m particular from asserted themselves, was 
the Post-Impressionists; his something his friends aooepied 

elder daughter of Mr andJMrs John £? a *J ar * 1 C 2f l !2^j r Miss Shirley Bassev 49: Mr David 

C. Cooke, of Stubbs Walden, Cockfbsters, Hertford- Bowie, aSTtWL & Bw sS 

Doncaster. SIure - 85; Mr Graham Chapman. 45; Sir 

MrT n Pnnnn Maxwell Entwistle, 76; Mr Josfc 

Mr J.D. Fenner ’ aod Mbs R. L. Lake Ferrer’ 74; Professor S. W. Hawtang. 

love of music; especially of within bumo^ThSe^are 

few people WWW* !«v« 

-.ZiJiSLCSSS M many hearts 

Mr J.D. Femur 
and Miss G. F. Bishop 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of Mr and 
Mrs W. L. Fenner, of Forest Hill. 

Maxwell Entwistle, 76; Mr Josfc 
Ferrer, 74; ProfessorS. W. Hawking, 

London and in the hills behind and minds, but Sam Spiegel was 
San Tropez; hi? mtense concern one of them. * . 


, 44; Major-General J. R. Holden, 71 
announced Lord Hollentlen, 72; Me Roy 

Francis Mathew 



IVEUL - Michael Wfaeder, QC, 7i. 

Science report 

Painkiller drug could aid memory 

cnoiarsmp HM G owaau neat 

The Francis ‘ Mathew travelling 

scholarship, available to tho« SSiti. . a *? t .ConuPP^' 

seeking: -a career in printS JSS? Kawe were 

publishing ■ or paper, ting been f*®* yesterday at 2 dinner at . 
toCT^sedto ra bwn I ^ nc «?= r House aven at honour of 

_ ■ . Jhc Nigerian Foreign Minister, 

The award, m memory of Mr Professor Boktfi Akmyenri, -and Mis 

Mathew, who was manager of The AkznyemL 
Times from 1949-1965, is open to — — — 
those between the ages of I Sand 35, SaCKd 
and is intended to allow the winner m , . 
to study in the UK or abroad. lQllDIli 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Sacred Heart School, 
Tonbridge WeOs 

A drag used in painkillers and 
blood pressure preparations 
may help to prevent loss of 
memory in the elderly. 

The suggestion comes from 
two scientists studying neuro- 
anatomy at Yale Medical 
School in the United States. 

They looked at the actum of 
the drug, clozudine, on tbe 
ability of ageing monkeys after 
experts in animal behaviour 
had drawn up tests that could 
be used to assess memory 

The procedure, carried out 
by Dr Amy Arnstein and Dr 
Patricia Goldman-Rakic at 
Yale, was to compare the 
efficiency of the monkeyB to 
perform a delayed-response 

In practice that meant 
finding food that the 
had seen earlier being placed 

in one of two containers, 
according to the description of 
the experiment reported in the 
journal. Science, the chore 
calls on the use of working 
memory. And it depends on 
the proper functioning of the 
prefrontal cortex part of the 
brain, which is also an area 
that is subjected to age-related 

Examination of brain tis- 
sues that had degenerated 
showed that it was a loss of 
nerve cefls that produced the 
brain chemical acetylcholine. 
The scientists say that att- 
empts at replacement therapy 
in old people and oM apes 
have been disappointing. 

But they suggest (fiat the 
reason may lie . more in the 
gaps in understanding of the 
complicated pattern of bio- 

chemical reactions interrupted 
by deterioration. Their work 
has focused on the interference 
-that the deterioration has on 
the family of molecules that 
include noradrenaline, adrena- 
line and dopamine. 

T he suggestion is that 
treatments to retain the trans- 
missioa of those substances in 
tiie part of the brain where 
memory loss is centred may 
overcome other deficiencies. 

The drag dosddlne - has 

■ proved to be one substance 
which acts on the brain by. 
e nh a ncing the transmission of 
those molecules, tire tests with 

■ preparation shoved that a 
Rroop of treated amrirew had a 
much improved performance 
than a gronp of untreated 
controls of the mm age,* 

473fe^ V ° 123 °’ N °- 

Requests, for application forms 
and information should be made as 
soon as possible to The Registrar, 
Stationers’ Hail. Ludgate Hill, 
London, EC4M TDD, or telephone 

Spring Term begins today -and ends 
on Wednesday March 26. 1986. 
Half-term is from Friday. February 
14, to Monday, February 17, 

Centenary appeal 

Tiu r:.^i p - . _ 

. * 

ihe Civil Service Benevolent Fund 


addng all staff to donate at least £1 
hS Brian c uttx£i. 

Peres visit 

Mr Shimon Feres, Rcime Minister 
of Israel, viQ visit the United 
tvjnsdom from January 2 L to 26. 

St Leonard’s School, 

St Andrews, Fife. . 

and ends 

on Vtofrusday March 26. Halt 

52™ ^ be fona Friday,irtbSS 

IJJ® February 18. 

scholarship examinations 
iH 3 ®? 00 Saturday. March 
1. Appjicatt ons m ust be received by 
we teadmistress by January 31. 

caa give as the help we 
so desperately need io our 
fight against poverty sad 







y -.nU l&c-'itoify ; Vs 

*■' ' • :■••• 

m & 

■ * *3 

-■i'.ru.flv , 

t - 4. J : •' 





With 630 take-offs and landings daily, 
Frankfurt is Continental Europe’s 

everything is under one roof, making 
connections fast and easy - in as little 
as 45 minutes. 

What’s more, you can rest assured 

with you. More and more British busi- 
ness people are discovering that 
the Frankfurt connection is often the 
best way to get to their destination, 

main airport. 

Even Amsterdam has a lot of catching 
up to do. At Frankfurt/ Main Airport that your luggage makes the transfer 


thesSS&times I 


Fro m yo or Portfolio card check your eight 
share price rauvemcGis. Add them up to give 
you your overall total. Check this a gainer the 
daiK di vidcad figure published on this page. 

IF a matches you have won outright ora share 
■of the total daily prize money statcdTlFyou are a 
dinner follow the daim procedure on the back 

You must always have vour card available 

when claiming. 

Interest rate jitters 

ACCOUNT DATS: Dealings Began, Dec 23. Dealings End. Jan 10. § Contango Day, Jan 13. Settlement Day, Jan 20. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two' previous- days. 

daily dividend 

... £4,ooa . 

Claims required for 
-9 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

Hum Low Company 

ss s gssr*’ 

f- f 85- 

S> S 

S M* l»i DMHdn Bonk 
,,•4% RisUinnmi 
267 GtrrortNU 

1» 13? sss 1 ’** 

£ & 

=s =£'= 

s is 5 ^«.^sr 

SO ns KsrAcxBb 

72k 5S7 Nat Wet 

BO sr, earn 

3=7 T93 Pwa « 

00 SO FtesBms 

m SZ Roitaaiasuim 

2 Tt 15 Raw a* or can 


sS £ 

rm 6C3 Umoa 

wtr st nr 
<U 98 184 
2 J 82 12 * 

U U 11 

an as 102 
62 0.1 
tiro *7 

42 £4 ton 

iu r.i 164 
27 S3 117 
SB S3 l&t 
967 as 17 2 
172 92 20 

..b .. 

ir« sz i7s 

us &3 n.i 

2171 37 IQS 

s> u n 

2.1 63 132 

Z2S 1? ITT 
324 S3 73 

376 S3 S3 
550 OS 172 
167 <2 132 
13 23 23.7 
S3 63 124 

117 S3 77 
064 22 17.T 
10 =7 33 

421 92 87 

S 2 s si at 



Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note or your daily totals for 
the weekly dividend of £20,000 in Saturday's 



HHm Low Slock 

Ini. Gross 

only Red. 

Price Ch'ie yld “b yld 'u 

am no 


333 Z94 

IX 64 

£ i3 

711 ® 

B7 SI 

ass ss 

S 1' 

83 53 

93 64 

' 133 30 

I5S 143 

97% SO 

70 43 

erg 338 

3S% 154 

140 04 

ne £o 

S3 45 

71 5d 

:u S3 

Si 54 

96 63 

398 117 

SB 64 

113 1C3 

270 ZOt 

112 S3 

64 14 

46 33 

171 V* 
446 31 

ISO 123 

23S 260 

345 129 

346 196 

39 67 

70 5S 

320 196 

180 104 

ac isi 

ns ita 

1C7 74 

333 232 

133 113 

a 14 

134 IBS 

301 15a 

sea am 

171 143 

I2B 96 

150 BG 

295 18D 

g» in 

3SB 25 

177 63 

225 146 


273 132 

97 C2 

79 S3 

408 227 

5SS 34a 

ISO 1C8 

340 225 

1B7 S7 

343 143 

206 13S 

25a 13 


2 MaemCM 224 

EHv Yld 
Price Ch'ae pence 9 b P/E 

u u at 
U 61 tZI 
12 TO.1 372 
12 1 A TLB 
03 4.1 112 

17 02 162 
42 12 902 
U 43 It 
0.4 U 337 
12 82 
12 32 142 

u u iu 

22 43 147 
42 31 rm 
72 22 342 
420 U 182 
72 21 W 
B.1 12 312 

32 12 3*2 

32 U 204 
»1 30 ISA 

.. ni 

52 32 13.1 

82 02 04 

32 32 112 
17 12 HI 

12 02 

02 32 I* 
7.1 U 00 
72 72 82 

12 1.1 M 2 

42 32 33 

32 12 332 

83 4,1 SB 



QiiioS & HaDsn 


Coder Grp 

Cm m 


Ooudi fOerek) 






Franco Kar 

Ccoa 6 Candy Qd 



Hmtfen- Smart 
fcaccO Jc O n s an 
Java U] a Scot 

C3 4 

Lawmen (Witter] 

l 2 ayF.-C» 

Lew* prj) 



itaraaBs (iMtftxj 
IfcAIpne lAitaJ] 
Ute Starter) 
Mon* 1*1 
Ucatam Uataf 

ggW Cement 




TStay Groua 
Trnvu* Arnold 





Wfenem Bren 


WEaon tCOnoBBy) 
Vnukov (Gauge) 






150 • .. 

87% a .. 

47* -2 

sa i 

140 42 

ia —2 

K7 -2 

64 « .. 




C5 -1 



352. • .. 

]01 -i 

» -1 

44 • .. 

1 E 2 *1 

436 e 

313 *2 

75 • .. 

7B • .. 



157 ■ 42 

1 63 

112 41 

316 *4 

iea • -a 


119 • 41 

332 -4 


1*1 ■ .. 



2S • 47 

490 -8 

M • 

ISO ■ .. 


14B • -1% 

BU -C 


73 • .. 

sa -a 

an -a 





as 4S 


ire • .. 




131 *4-1 

82 82 U 
07 It W 
72 37 ISA 
.. .. 112 
AS 42 807 
107 1B2 72 

13.4 40 7A 
82 4.1 M3 

52 72 100 
35 82 OS 
42 62 KM 
2A 103 
32 TI2 
S3 303 
82 TO.1 
32 T1.T 
72 182 
40 «3 
87 08 


. . 























-3 - 
















1338 42 122 
53 72 05 
33 31 373 
77 30 9.1 

. a .. 119 

33 SI 82 
IS u u 
123 42 TLB 

51 O JO? 

SS-® 36 ECU 
89 27 IC4 
u u in 
49 62 55 

S3 65 116 

102 3* 108 
67 42 14.1 
102 SB 112 
7.1 45 124 

54a SA 
18.1 SI 107 
77 41 104 
37 36 
82 81 155 

IBB 61 217 
157 12 153 
92 54 134 

52 ST 87 
43 IS *1 

184 52 85 

189 42 It I 
155 4j 1 39 
£5 5A 122 
lt.J £2 lOl 
69B 62 102 
M30 £9 82 

12 04 147 

u u m 

117 31 157 
21A 4J 139 
70 49 122 
113a 34 119 
15 17 ms 
100 57 a 23 
139 62 90 

85 39 129 

57a 99 86 

62 34 143 
1.4a 31 136 

45 14 159 

46 35 134 
















































12 09 
1L0 as 7.1 
309 87 42 

m m cdbre tie 

3*0 M* KB 333 

as 37 % mm ao% 

118 88 Sara 108 

31*. «■. BactRftnlNB-U- EBP* 

67 51 sum » 

ay. its. e«m dzSi 

30S 388 IffMiCMnaCtn 284 

30 lA 833%. 

150 78 MtelCae US 

16T| 116 ©Kopcant %atea 140 

163 101 DdHM t» 

2WS 130 Bmta 178 

MB W Breda TIT 

IK 90 EUamatH 131 

» 272 Eml 320 

42 23 nre» sa 

37 38 FaadaKtartatad 39 

180 lit FanrtA 118 

188 00 nafeKMar 60 

485 260 Ran 486 

47 33 nnkn 43 

wa 66 nmocnr nz 

40 20 fom * an 

ns ss Fkntr 10 a 

spa a* fo&oomjn/v ao 

172 198 RUw^tBinay 170 

■9 43 nmxnnucwau - 81 

112 64 OB tat 80 

260 168 ■ GKN 275 

m 300 GR - 280 

74 8S Gorton Big SI 

121 90 Owwinr 105 

121 64 Ohmo 119 

19b UPV QOdod tUPW 

264 im a^HMd 217 

08 30 On™ 65 

57 79 187 
87 77 180 

143 6.1 39 

709 85 28 

89 49 185 

n Li us 

as 49 tl7 

Ha m » 
** 7* ia 

au u u . 
**; a* m* t 

2IS 147 
67 44 




AKEO N/v Baser Of* 
AOMCcBcKa 180 

Amannon 300 

ARarerCBsaao 190 

BTP 108 

BayarUMSO EE3 
BUcieo 11? 

(raw™ 1l9 

BrftBCd fi4 

Conn^fW) B5 

Qaaiu_ 28* 

CcABBRn 149 

Do-* - HB 

ZSF™* £ 

OoOd 1C3 

HBsaEwonf 160 

FraacoABicsi 21fl 

Hateaaa (joebj} 127 

Mdcna £33 


MBMM 764 

Lisana 393 

LO01 104 

nm m 

P*«&in*MeB*. 70 

R«M 133 

SN1ABPD 225 

msurlulma Rmk 211 

VcrtafaraOwn 72 

400 tOA 
83 19 189 
89 10 MB 

61 82 79 


183 120 AnOUTV'A* 

64 a Oancun 

178 HE MTYN.V 

301 218 UOTHHra 

TTO 126 ScstlVW 

13S 110 TVS N/Y 


a • .. 


266 • +3 

KBU • .. 


443 59 75 
ins an its 
47 45 155 

83 19 18.1 

10 <3 MJ 

32 £3 189 

11.1 u is 

25* 35 180 

11A 82 111 

34 12 SB 

H 0 82 at 

300 7.7 107 
187 69 7.8 

86 59 89 

89 39 170 
29 189 
SJ 39 319 
80 80 129 
89 3A 17.1 
189 39 179 
<42 80 7.1 
107 47 77 

8J tJ M 

a zt iu 

54 82 380 
7A 10 3(9 

17 U IU 
84 55 KM 
89 52 at 
IB 89 120 

87 87 27.1 
82 20 HA 
180 at 204 
400 29 294 
TLA 14 292 

4.1 U IU 
S3 27 2Z5 
46 50 13 

18 LB 272 

U 28 172 
21 24 129 

49 75 339 

17.1 29 189 
Tl-1 21 3*9 
75 73 152 
17 10 »47 

7.1 *4 ttl 

79 39 189 
39 39 189 
IQ4 10 1*5 
52 33 HI 
51 86 1X9 

79 45 HA 
H3 40 1L4 
69 19 3*4 
41 XI 172 
.. .. H7 

815 59 17 
TA ZS 219 
1*4 55 148 
1B0 49 129 

19 67 172 

170 0 

330 146 

70V 30 

110 114 

w» i m 

X » M3 

243 165 

34 »V 

62 as 

3EK, 178 
1B0V 135 
nos seS 
143 32 

ISO 127 
438 366 

114 38 

90 73 

172 120 

n sb 

K 5* 

140 66 

63 62 

3* 37 

<74 MB 

IS 7 
H* 37 
14V tV 

268 .185 

106 m 
2HV 201 
128 88 
2M -no 

310 238 

133S S3 
478 423 

143 33 

'23 11% 

250 180 

13 IT 
Ml 114 

as 22 

28*. Zft 

105 165 

125 78 

3BS 336 
200 IB 
138 ao 




H M fffaerea 






H mfcg aajp 

HuKttm VAupM 




03 . 

MS • 
184 • 

zn • 

2*3 • 


23B • 


vo a 

178 • 



109 a 

£ a 

'f 0 f 


mv a 
2 Si a 




344 T23 

Joh ni onOaanaf a <75 
Joimton > IMBla; 135 

KMwrM 193 


HaiaavM ■- zs • .. 
Ktdm|nKTk|la) MI.. 

T» * +« 

49 51 94 

939 11 

187 40 31 

89 80 309 

17 64 119 

19 0.7 410 

89 30 182 

280 59 130 
07 05 170 
.. .. 1£5 

TO.* 44 M9 

4.1 ai 89 

.90 70 ms 

Zl 1L4 14 

17 89 204 

IU U 41 

an i9 190 

21A 30 17.1 
157 70 32 

7.1 52 338 

Ml 81 Bmt1W*'A" 
tn 733 BooaarOHtdfcai 

1» 108 BuUMs 

42 72 Campol 

2» ira QraH 

426 231 HUM 

», 81% GRA 

75 a HanU u tgar Breola 

M6 78 HonnitM 
281 88 J B—WH g t 

205- 134 H reWr 
840 IB* Waa aoe i M 
83 02 BifUlM 

W9 1*7 SagaHDllttM 
30* 2T3V Snaatadp 
80 sz Tn—iHauilUBM' 

128 % 12 Zan 

70 84 185 
379 40 .. 

.31 U .. 
60 37 .. 

' 289139 flU 
379 S0 219 
3L4 *7 109 
HA *9 XXX 
031 43. .. 

389 87 089 
. It* 84 IU 
Z2B. 99 .. 

39 30 |M 
129 52 819 
Bt 44 

30 42 888 
■ 139 42 

3*9 49 1*9 
149 89 189 

IS iiS3 

2Z7 4.1 «* 

805 89 .. 

31 U IU 

387 u au 

TOO 79 17 

79 74 U 
14 99 M2 

Mfl *4 «9 

.. M 759 

*1 80 19 79 

33 49 TLT 

.7* 44 1L7 

*0 SB iu 

..a ... 49 

«0 « 219 

«5 34 72 „ 

-I 17 12 TL9 

17 49 IU 

4« 0*9 

42% 440 

.... 371 
*1 M2 
+1 M2 
■41 479 

M 719 
-* . 289 

■a* .*■ 

tu -tt» 
. . 10 










S5 QnmtMat . 
188 Kasadf Break™ 
341 UOtHM 
3*6 laaPakHmU 
77 MaactOMiBaa 

-13 1*0 39 TL» 

17 OB 125 
*3 150 *0 TO9 

m -8 TMIb 35 510 

-1% 19 &H -184 

• -1 51 U Ml 

mu ai 

*8 09 TOO 
*1 10 39 145 

4-1 70 49 369 


HJon Low company 

CMv Yld 

Price Oi'oe penco 4b P/E 








kiWDSrdai OW 


Manain Iboasaan 



S ax 6 No w 



WhdHQd '* 



WoNin mw ilO 
young 'A- 


4is a 
isi a 

« a 


650 a 
4ia e 
i6» a 




70 a 


ns a 

n a 

219 a 
■as a 
173 a 

365 a 

292 a 
254 o 
200 0 
*30 a 
225 a 

T15 40 182 

210 12 1-L? 

1.1 28 C30 

40 49 188 
20 Ob 49 160 
70 48 1Z0 
MB 38 111 
100 2* 169 

188 29 190 
223 4.7 130 
7 0 89 125 

72 88 130 

100b 30 132 
241 60 100 

28 87 154 
11 27 110 

60 3A .. 
20 86 1*3 

81 40 111 

1006 80 110 
41.1 13 

15.8 *0 14,1 
102 4 1 128 
102 *0 120 
69 60 290 , 
122 28 153 
9A 43 188 

79 50% 

100 S1% 

161 80 

52 8 

68 48 

436 225 

535 22D 

625 402 

45 28 

114 81 

64 85 

350 SM 

100 $7 

130 35 

90 <L". 

974 5M 

388 271 

81 58% 

650 380 

172 82 

223 130 

48 77 

138 7? 

69 ZS% 

IBS 143 

392 162 

100 78% 

154 M 

102 *3 

237 153 

394 IS? 

£10>« 8M 

H4 874 

570 306 

288 180 

29% 2? 

244 1&4 

31 Cl 

368 260 

129 03 

53 71% 

59 ?1 

134 53 

151 100 

845 370 

100 1« 

193 111 

336 218 

1* no 

615 303 

13? 54 

335 313 

840 331 

®S ’2 

97 58 

118 90 

171 M 

g 1 * a 

236 165 

IE3 « 

36 IB 

W6 118 

5% s. 

ss s 

7? S 

109 » 

85 SB 

601 373 

&% & 

S 9 

251 140 

328 2ffl 

140 58 

610 277% 

Dr Hama Sana 

Card i*) 85m 
Cantor* A' 


Cantanad EngMi 
Cauh(FuD| A" 




Emm Stores 

14 20 4L0 
11.0b U 188 
188 20 280 
120 23 185 

FOrt IMartn) 


Do A - 

Hmn Maexrcare 

Hams OkMnwnqr 
Hatara Of London 

House Oi Laroaa 
Jones (Emosq 
Lutes PrXto 



Uncron KXgour 
MortsB Sowar 
Moras iJawA 

Oif Pneo 
Pads Stores 

HMnsrs U —m r ro l 





Da* } 


SonomfS] '*' 


i £s&* 

Supenaw) Stores 
TanvCo n su l M 
Tree Pratoca 







84 10 310 
20* U 100 
20 41 130 

184 37 112 
110 6A BB 
60 32 158 

38 30 
129 26 222 



233 60 AMMIrMI 108 -9 

68 49 AmbestwrOtany) 89 

321 1B4 1 , Aislto-2 220 • -1 

18% t-% Eanania^ eids, o -%» 

375 22S BanKQfMsrs} 338 a -2 

15% 6% Bii* twittered £3% 

230 215 BankUHTDlM 230 

*4* *51% te*<HSaXMd 3£8 -3 

470 333 H arders *59 -10 

-3 00 40 537 17S 

..# . 410 294 03 

-1 150 00 Z85 49 

-i- 73 ?9 

-2 170 40 3*3 1U3 

«> ZS 

150 85 132 209 12* 

-5 look *8 80 an 105 

-ID 3*0 60 88 185 *8 


—2 ■ 


zr nr 
ao m 

80 tU 
17 108 
.. 84 

50 ttl 
U W 
10. 440 
00 ..- 
25 8*3* 

30 H0 

ns xu- 

80 85 
27 381 

31 K3 

10 au 
u m* 
21 -810 

81 ZJJ 
El 887 

U MS) 
*A nr 
30 881 
60 mi 

40. 40 281 
21b U 340 
00b 10 321 
40 25 TT0 
00 10 117 
24 17 77 
70 8* 130 
127 00 602 
U U 320 
TA 23 222“ 
1L* 83 321 
. U U Hi 
II 22 221 
26 b 21 no 
81 1A 

. U .1A »<* 

-1L2..42 130 

84 80 *81 
87 80 100 
8* 10 17.1 
130. 40 Q0 
HA U 201 
321 10 Kl 

10 . si SA 

124 7 a W0 
T71 41 ZZJ» 

228 30 TO8 
H-* JLS 47* 
07 40 flU 
HA 80 81 








9 S 


ia ig% 

110 % 89 % 

418 380 

31V 18 

310 184 

li HS 

Ira £ 
no - a 
TO ns 

-1 28*117- 

70 20 
*1 17 20 

20 8A 
-3 181 40 

40 40 

4.0 81 

.. 28-30 

1.0 10 

- 10 10 

23 30 
.. 20 77 

-I 22 40 

-S 120 100 

170 2A 
-4 114 50 

-3 70 00 

SLA 57 

+1V .. .. 

-JT 28 00 

*1 HA 1.1 

BA 27 

-1 1.1 10 

-3 27 23 

22 -20 
40 20 
-4 27 40 


30 40 

U 80 

-¥ au sr 

-1 170 .87 

23 & a 
*3 17.1 . . 88 

.26 27 



- fc* ' -810 

Brat. ... 120 

Hbyne ehtlehtag .BB 

2* J-? »*• tu 

” Si “ 170 

Sf « at 

325 22 300 

02 20 2*0 
V 28 80 150. 

-2 4J 21 223 

-- Iff 80 W 

TM 30 

• ■ - 120 40- . 

“2. -140 as I’ll 

■ - IS.! It „ 

“6 82. LS 90 

r f: 

rf fj 

: '^iV 
<. 4 * 



Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Hanson wins 60% of SCM 
and boosts battle for Imps 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

Westland shareholders cannot, -with any 
hope of success,, demand that Michael 
Heseltine or Lcon Brittan should explain 
to them their now entrenched positions on 
the company's future. Instead the people 
who have actually put cast into Westland 
must rely on their board of directors to 
advise them. In theory^ shareholders 
appomt their board of directors: At 
Westland, shareholders have had most of 
their current board thrust upon thirty As 
it happens, the Bank of England's choice 
of Sir John Cuckney as chair man is one 
with which most shareholders would be 
well-pleased. He brought the company put - 
of the shadow of insolvency with the 
projected Sikorsky-Rat tfeaL - In the 
circumstances Westland was in, be was 
right to take the first lifeline thrown to the 
company. " . 

Of the seven men who now comprise, 
the Westland board, only three have been 
subjected to the scrutiny of the vote. Since 
the company's problems first came to light 
there has been a mass exodus ofdirectors, 

; and after his appointment in the summer, . 
Sir John was -quick to speed - the 

In their wake he brought in two hew ' 
non-executives, neither of whom should - 
be expected to differ from him.- Sir John' 
Maldwyn Thomas, whose career took him • 
to the top of Rank Xerox in this country, 
is already a Oickney appointee at^John. 
Brown where the rescue process is well- 
advanced. Sir John (C) is diainoas, Sir 
John (MT) is viccHchanriiari. - 

There is a similarity strong connection 
between, the Wes tland dtarinrian and his 
other choice of non-ex ecutive, tfie ftjrmer 
Conservative MP for Richmond^ Anthony 
Royle, now Lord Eansbawe. They fought 
together in the strode, eventually lost, to 
keep Brooke Bond independent . of the. 
giant Unilever. Sir John was in the role 
where he dearly feels happiest, chairman, 
and Lord Fanshawe a long-serving ' 
director. ; ' 

Sir John's third appointment, to., the .. 
board is Charles Verrall, a finance man 
who came with glowing references from 
Midland Bank,, where he headed the; 
finance side of the domestic hanking 
operations. The talent-spotting chairman 
was well-placed to trawl through Mid- 
land's human assets: he is on the bank’s 
board as well. 

The two established Westland men who ■ 
have survived die recent purge ; are 
William Miller; a technical ' man who 
startled : out as an apprentice-, to the 
helicopter firm, and Hugh Parker Stewart; 
fonneriy the finance director of the • 

business and now promoted to chief 
executive; - Although Westland’s fian c es 
left much desired, ft is generally felt 
that Hi^ Stewart did his best within tite 

restrictions that: the. .unwieldy Westland 
■ structure- imposed. But neither he nor Mr 
: Mfllerjare likely to venture an opinion on 
whether the American or European linire 
; might" be best for their company: they 
'must sorely be grateful merely to have a 
future at all . 

.This leaves shareholders with just one . 
more hope of independent advice from 
their board. It comes in the seemingly 
ap pr opriate form of Admiral Sir John 
Treacher,, a former vice-chief of Naval 
Staff and a member of the Westland board 
since. 1978. He is now vicc-chainnan. Sir 
John (Ti first hit the headlines when , in 
. 1981 he entered the bunnygirls* warren 
and became chief executive of Playboy's 
operations in the UK. This was a not very 
- subtle ; attempt by Hugh Heffner and 
V ictor Lowndes to polish Playboy’s -image 
and retain three gaming dub licences. It 
failed and Sir John (T) hit the headlines 
for the second time when after 96 days in 
office, .Playboy was bought by Trident 
Television and the admiral bowed out 
with a fair han rishalff? worth more than 

But his entiepreneurial , skills do not 
stop there. Since 1977 the admiral had 
been a director of National Car Parks, the 
company with an unparallelled sk il l for 
turning derelict land into streams of cash. 
Last year When Alan Bristow made his 
abortive £89 milli on bid for Westland, 
NCF*s chairman Sir Donald Gosling, a 
former Navy man himself, said he would 
hack the deal with £5 million. Less then 
two months earlier the admiral had bowed 
quietly out of the NGP boardroom, 
thereby avoiding any embarassment that 
might have been caused by the Westland 
board’s decision, too late in the day, to 
back the bid. By then Mr Bristow bad 
bebbxne more . aWare of the scale of 
Westland’s problems and decided to 

. Sir Donald is believed to be left with a 
personal holding of a -few thousand 
Westland shares. No doubt Sir John 
Treacher will offer him some friendly 
advice on how to vote at Tuesday’s crucial 
meeting. Other shareholders, however, are 
uofikrfy to hear from anyone accept the 
persuasive,: and determined. Sir John 
Cuckney. Their board speaks with one 
voice, and there is no doubt whose voice 
that is. 

Chancellor’s base rate cloud 


The Chancellor may have succeeded in 
downgrading sterling M3 as a totem for 
the City,.but he has not managed to do the 
same with bank lending. The good news 
came first with yesterday’s figures for 
banking December. 

A rise of 0.5 to 0.75 per cent for sterling 
M3 in December was just below the mid- 
range of market expectations; The : gilt 
market, weighed down by laase rate 
preoccupations since Monday morning, 
felt bold enough to perk up by an eighth. 

The bad news was pot long in coming. 
There was a £2.1 billion rise in bank 
lending during the three-week- December - 
banking month. That was enough to 
confirm the money markets worst fears 
about base rates. 

In the middle of the corporate tax-pay- . 

Property firm 
aims for cash 

Slock Conversion, the prop- 
erty company, is to redeem 
£7.53 million of debenture sti * 
nine years early, dealing 
way for it to come-to the market 
for a large amount of money 
soon. It is believed that it could 
raise up to £100 million. 

It may, Kke other property 
companies, go for a debenture 
issue for long-term money. 

The move is- seen, as part of] 
the company's determination to 
shake off its once sleepy image. 
It has become a more active 
company in the past few 1 
months. It has a £60 million 
development p ro gra m me over 
the next three years and the 
company plans more invest- 
ment and development. 

It has more than £20 million 
in hand from the sale of its 
White City rite, in London, to 
the BBC. 

The Gty is watching Stock 
Coversion closely. It has Stock 
Icy as mi unwelcome 26.5 pea. 
cent shareholder and moves by- 
Sir Jeffrey Sterling’s Peninsular 
and Oriental Steam Navigation 
Company are focusing attention, 
on the property company. 

P&O has bought 20.8 per 
ccnz of European Ferries, which 
has a potential 29.9 per cent 
stake in Siockley. Speculation: is 
increasing that P&O might bid 
for the whole of European 
Ferries using it as an indirect 
way into Slock Conversion. 

Mr Jonathan Lane, the joint 
managing director of Stock 
Conversion, said: “Any ap- 
proaches from Sir Jeffrey would 
be most unwelcome. We are an 
independent and profitable 
company and we have every 
intention of slaying that way.** 

ing season, and with the period Of 
maximum incentive for companies to 
invest under 1985-86 capital allowances 
looming, this sort of bank lending figure 
was something we could have done- 

The only crumb of comfort is that 
raising interest rates to attempt to curb it 
would appear to be, to say the least, 

Die Bank still has not worked out what 
caused the new £1 billion “interbank 
difference”, which pushed up sterling M3 
growth in November. But whatever it was, 
it seems .'to be unwinding. In December, 
this unwound by £400 million, although 
Bank officials warn that we should not 
necessarily expect the remaining £560 
million to come off the January figures. 

Hanson Trust now has more 
than 60 per cent of the United 
States conglomerate SCM, and. 
last night dismissed efforts by 
SCM to obtain a re-hearing of 
the .vital court case which, left 
the way open for Hanson's 
$927.5 .million bid to proceed. 

The New York Appeal Court 
derision prohibited- the SCM 
board from disposing of some 
of the most attractive assets of 
SCM, a typewriter to chemicals 
company for which Hanson 
first bid in August- 
Analysts believe SCM*s for- 
tunes have reached bottom and 
are about to turn up, promising 
huge returns for Hanson. 

The coup is also seen as a 
boost for Hanson in its £1.9 
nriUion bid far Imperial Group 
in Britain, countering Imperial's 
allegation than Hanson no 
longer has the winningtouch. 

SCM has said it wul petition 
for a re-hearing of foe case, bat 
its chances are thought to be 
negligible. According to Han- 
son, : several thousand appli- 





By Alison £adie 

The six-month suspension 
imposed by Lord WUberforoe 
on Ian Posgate, the former 
“GoklfingeP' of the Lloyd’s 
market, expired at midnight. 
Theoretically, Mr Posgate is free 
to r e tur n to work as an 

In practice, his application to 
be the underwriter of syndicate 
162, managwl by R. L GiOVCT, 
Is still waiting for Lloyd's 
approval, which, it will not get. 
It win fail not because, as Mr 
Posgate argues with some 
justification, the commercial 
interests of some members of 
Lloyd's ruling council could be 
hurt the return of such a 
successful underwriter, but 
because there are non-prao- 
titioners on the council who are 
implacably opposed to Mr 
Posgate’s return. 

Mr Posgate has fallen foul of 
Lloyd's twice; in 1970 when he 
was severely censured and in. 
1982 the upshot of which was 
Lord Wilbcxfoxce’s sentence of 
suspension in place of a 

previous expulsion. 

He was found guilty of 
accepting a gift of a Pissaro 
painting as an inducement to 
place business - a charge he has 
always denied. 

Lloyd's is currently on trial, 
thanks in port to the attention 
of the Labour MP Ihian 
SedgCmore, to prove it has 
cleaned itself up since the 
Lloyd's Act was passed in 1982. 

It could be argued that Mr 
Posgate has served his sentence 
and should not be deprived of 
his means of livelihood. What is 
the point of having an elaborate 
and costly appeals tribunal, 
which quashes sentences of 
expulsion, if they are only to be 
rennposed by the council under 
foe auspices of a “fit and 
proper” person test? 

Mr Posgate has already spent 
around £400,000 defend in g 
himself against charges brought 
by Lloyd's, the most serious of 
which were dismissed. He is not 
likely to stop here and can be 
expected to go for a judicial 
review in the High Court, when 
Lloyd’s gives Glover the 
thumbs down. 


Datastream USM ~~-107-31( 

Dow Jones. 1 558.48 (+1 QJW) 

nSSdow „J-12991.24 (-62^5) 

Sydney: AO 10323 (+43) 


Commerzbank — 2029.9 (-.1 9-Q) 


Paris: CAC 27&5 (+1-2) 


SKA General — 516.60 (-5.6) 


DBE Technology — 

Pepe Group 


BSR Inti. 

GaWcci .... 

Locker (Thomas) „ 


Jebsens Drilling 

Rowier "A" N/v — 

TDS Circuits — 

British Benzol 

Bedford (WBfiam) — 

Sintra m 

Aden Elect 

Asad. Brit Eng; 

East Rand Cons. 
Lee Cooper Group . 
Bruntons Mussel. — 

Bailey (C.H.) 

Sunfetah Elect - 

Prestwick HIdgs, ._ 


S6p +11p 

„.4_50p +0.S0p 




— -23p +2p 



64p +5p 


— «.115p+8p 

74p +5p 

..7.50p +0.50p 



61p +4p 

-26p +1.50p 


57p +3p 

London faring: 
dose $32&.5(W30.00 (£228.50- 
229.00) • 

New Yurie : 

Comax $330 .25 

Beazer arid Kier 
discuss new bid 

. ' The ■ chairman ' of the. con- 
struction groups- G FL Beazer 
and French Kier mcl yesterday 
u> -fry to resolve the £146 
million, takeover battle. The 
meeting - between Mr Brian 
Beazer and Mr John Mott -was 
described as brief. • 

Beazer has raised its offer by 
25 per cent and ’farther share 
'buying yesterday lifted its stake 
in French-Kier to 40 per cent It 
js now keen, to secure a 
recommendation- for its new 
terms which it rays are final. 


EtflaOfl&Gas — 38p-5p 

PengtaJen — „.„^00p -25p 

Mumtooo Beet 43p -5p 

Petranol — ■ 90p -lOp 

Inch Kenneth Rubber —500p -Sop 
Bristol .03 lOp-lp 



£: $1.4385 (-0.0030) 

E: DM 3.51 20(— 0-01 28) 

£ SwFr 2S780(-0.0005) 
E FFT 1 0.7697(— 0.01 99) 
E Yen 290-02(-0.88) 

£ Index: 77 J5( — 0^4) 

New York: (latest) 

E $1.4400 
$: DM2.4425 
$ Index: 125.11-0.7) . 

ECU £0.620807 
SDR £0.0762469 



Bank Base: 11Vfe% 

3-month Interbank 1214-12% 
3-month efigible bills: 
buying rate 11%-llyn 


Prime Rato 9.50% 

Federal Funds 7%% 

3-month Treasury Bills 7.04-7J)2% 
30-year bond price I06?fe-106$» 




company has disposed of its French 
and Belgian subsidiaries and a kses- 
makin g catering offshoot in Austra- 
lia. Combined with die sales of 

1 iTWT , . . — • i _ . n I 

wflf be about £4 mfllion, indudiega 
small amount'of-defarred payments. 
The company, through its wholly- 
owned offshoot, Northaide Track 
Centre, has bought Charles Sidney, 
the Mercedes-Benz car franchise m 

• PEPE GROUP: For die half- 
year io&5Pt 30, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 14,133 (8,783), while 
the pretax profit was 1,861 (1.206). 
P.nrning* per share were 4.3p (3-6p)- 

An interim dividend of 1-Sp is being 
paid, compared with a single 
dividend of L^p for last year. 

MENTS: For the half-year to Sept 


were 242 (229); while the pretax 
profit was 1 (121). Earnings per 
share wore 0.003p (0 J74p). 

year to Sept 30. 1985, compared 
with the previous nine months, with 
figures in £000® turnover was 1 ,540 
(188) while the pretax profit was 356 
( 1 98). Earnings p» share were 8.44p 
(2.62p). A total dividend of 3p (Zp) 
is being paid- 

More company news on page 18 

cations for re-hearings were 
filed, last year, but only five 
were' successful and none 
overturned the derision. 

Now Hanson has formally 
reopened its tender offer of $75 
a share for SCM. This has been 
extended several times in the 
past few weeks but the court 
proceedings have prevented 
Hanson so iar from adding to 
its stake. 

By midday yesterday the 
SCM price on the New York 
Stock Exchange had moved up 
$2 ft to $7474, still below thi 
offer price and indicating that 
the market expects Hanson to 
succeed. The new offer expires 
at midnight on Friday but could 
be extended. 

The SCM takeover has 
shown American business tac- 
tics at their sharpest 

The board's first line of 
defence was a management 
buyout, funded by' Merrill 
Lynch, but when Hanson 

produced a cash offer which 
topped Merrill's S74 a share 
mix of cash and paper, the 
board resorted to the “Crown 
Jewels lock-up”. 

It agreed to sell its two most 
valuable subsidiaries to Merrill 
at favourable prices should 
victory by another bidder look 

Hanson contested this move 
in court claiming that it was 
contrary to the interests of SCM 
shareholders. The first hearing 
went in favour of SCM, which 
argued that it had to exercise 
commercial judgment. 

The Appeal Court was not 
unanimous: one of the three 
judges argued that SCM was at 
all times acting in the best 
interests of shareholders in 
trying to achieve a higher price. 
It is on the basis of her dissent 
that SCM is applying for a re- 
hearing. However, it is not 
thought that Merrill would be 
prepared to raise its offer. 

Last night, Hanson shares 
moved up 5p to 200p, despite 
the general market gloom. 

Analysts felt that the benefits 
of victory in the SCM battle 
have still to be fully realized. 
Mr Andrew Melrose, of the 
stockbrokers Grieveson Grant 
said: “It is a classic Hanson 
case.” He believed that before 
Hanson bad even begun work 
on increasing the company's 
efficiency, SCM should produce 
profits of between S105 million 
(£72 million) and Si 25 million, 
more than enough to cover the 
funding costs of the bid. 

After that, there was wide 
scope for increasing the profita- 
bility of the company which has 
managed earnings per share 
growth of an average 3 per cent 
a year for the last decade. 

The takeover is being funded 
entirely out of American bor- 
rowings secured against Han- 
son's American assets and has 
no bearing on Hanson’s finan- 
cing of its bid for ImperiaL 

Fed battle over ‘junk’ bonds 

From Bailey Morris 

The United States Federal 
Reserve Board, faced with the 
strong displeasure of the White 
House, vote today on a 
controversial proposal to limit 
the use of "junk** bonds in 
corporate takeovers. 

Federal Reserve governors, 
led by Mr Paul Volcker. the 
chairman, voted 3 to 2 earlier to 
place margin requirements on 
below investment grade junk 
bonds to restrict their use in the 
present wave of corporate 

The proposal was to become 
effective on Januaiy 1, but in 
response to sharp criticism from 
the White House the decision 
was delayed to allow time for 
more comment. 

The battle underway, how- 
ever, appears to be a broader 
confrontation between Mr Vol- 
cker and Mr Donald Regan, the 
White House Chief of Staff, 
who regards any attempt to 
restrict corporate mergers as an 

Paul Volcker: at odds with 
Donald Recan 

asshuh on the Administration's 
free market policies. 

Mr Volcker has supported the 
proposal forcefully on - the 
grounds that the unrestricted 
use of junk bonds, which are 
usually issued by shell corpor- 
ations with tittle or no assets, is 
contributing to a proliferation 
of corpora debt- 

Societies fear delay 
in competition Bill 

By Richard Thomson 

Building society chiefa fear 
that the Building Societies Bin — 
into which enabling 

societies to convert themselves 
into public companies are 
expected to be inserted at the 
Committee Stage - wifi not 
have its third reading until after 
the summer recess, delaying its 
implementation until well into 
next year. 

One said yesterday: “The 
delay will seriously erode our 
competitive position with the 

The usual six-month gap 
between the Royal assent and 
an Act’s implementation would 
mean that societies could not 
move into new ares of business 
before April 1987 at the earliest. 

These new areas - such as 

unsecured lending and general 
insurance activities - will 
enable the societies to compete 
on more equal terms with banks 
and other financial services 

MPs meet next Wednesday to 
decide the committee’s mem- 
bership. it is likely to include 
Mr lan Stewart. Economic 
Secretary to the Treasury, his 
Parliamentary secretary. Mr 
Barry Henderson, Sir George 
Young. Parliamentary under 
Secretary at the Department of 
Employment, and Mr Tim 
Sainsbury, government whip. 

Opposition members are 
expected to include Dr Oonagh 
MacDonald, Labour finance 
spokesman, Mr Austin Mitchell 

Coffee prices up sharply 

. : To advertise in 

The Hmes or The Sunday limes 

-. please telephotieOl-837 331 1 or 3333 

Coffee prices rose almost to 
their highest level for nine years 
in London yesterday after the 
Brazilian Coffee Institute con- 
firmed forecasts of a severe fall 
in the coffee crop. 

The BC3 estimated the 1986- 
87 crop at 16.7 million bags. 
The 1984-85 crop was 30 
million bags, and the 1985-86 
crop is likdy to be 24 million. A 
bag is 60 kilogrammes. 

Robusta coffee for delivery in 
March rose in London from 
£2,852 a tonne on Monday to 
£3,010 yesterday. Traders ex- 
pect the market to rise much 

ITC heads 
finance plan 

By Michael Prest 

Financial Correspondent 

Little progress was made at 
yesterday's informal meeting of 
heads of delegations to the 
International Tin Council to 
discuss the financing plan of Mr 
Peter Graham, senior deputy 
chairman of Standard Char- 
tered Bank, and Mr Ralph 
Kestcnbaum, managing director 
of Gerald Metals. 

The plan, for £320 million of 
financing to be pot up by banks, 
brokers and ITC governments, 
now is the most serious 
proposal before the council. 
Earlier plans officially are still 
on the table, but have been 
pushed aside. 

Some governments, notably 
West Germany, have welcomed 
the -burden waring element of 
the plan. It has resisted the idea 
that the ITCs 22-member 
governments should cany full 
financial responsibility. 

The tin crisis broke on 
October 24 last year when the 
ITC said that it could no longer 
finance supporting tin prices. 
Tin trading on the London 
Metal Exchange has been 
suspended since, then. The LME 
is due to meet on January 1 3, 
and the ITC the day after. 

But BCI yesterday said Brazil 
had enough stocks to meet its 
export commitments. It said the 
futures market was anticipating 
a frost on top of the drought 
which already has affected the 

Mr Jorio Dauster, bead of the 
BCI office in London, said: 
.“Brazil has enough coffee to go 
on supplying its traditional 
volumes to the world market 
for the rest of this year.” 

In March last year. Brazil's 
stocks were II million bags. 
This year's count is expected to 
reveal an increase of about 5 
million bags. 

Since delaying the effective 
date of the proposal, the Fed 
has received 79 letters of public 
comment, including statements 
of opposition coordinated by 
the White House, from the 
Justice Department. the 
Treasury, the Commerce De- 
partment. the Federal Trade 
Commission, the Securities and 
Exchange Commission, the 
White House Office of Manage- 
ment and Budget and numerous 

The Administration ques- 
tioned strongly the legal auth- 
ority of the central bank to 
apply margin requirement to 
takeovers financed by junk 

Mr Donald Ginsburg. the 
assistant attorney general, in 
charge of antitrust enforcement, 
said: “The Board's proposal 
would destroy the market for 
corporate control, which disci- 
plines inefficient management 
and enables shareholders to 
maximize their investment.’’ 

Nissan UK 
puts £50m 
into sales 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Nissan UK, the privately- 
owned importer of cars from foe 
Japanese motor group, said 
yesterday it bad now invested 
£50 milli on in increased sales 
capacity to cope with output 

from foe new car manufacturing 
plant at Washington, Tyne and , 

The company, which its 
owner, Mr Octav Botnar, and 
Nissan of Japan have agreed 
should eventually be owned by 
the Japanese, has appointed 
new dealers and refurbished 
sales premises in preparation 
for 2,000 cars a month from 
Washington in its first phase. 

Sir Robot McAlpine and 
Sons, foe main contractor for 
foe factory, handed it over to 
Nissan on time on Christmas 

The plant’s initial ontput will 
be assembled from kits im- 
ported from Japan and will have 
only about 20 per cent European 
content they will be sold by 
Nissan UK’s 350 dealers and 
will count against the Japanese 
motor industry's voluntary re- 
straint agreement on foe British 
Market which effectively limits 
the collective Japanese share to 
21 percent 

Although there has been no 
formal announcement by Nis- 
san, it is clear the company 
intends to proceed with foe 
second phase of foe develop- 
ment and produce 100,000 cars 
a year at Washington in 1988. 


Bid boost 
for Argyll 

Argyll Group had an accept- 
ance level of about 2 per cent 
for its £1.9 biOiou bid for 
Distillers by the time the offer 
reached its first closing date 
yesterday, market sources said. 

This is much higher than is 
normal at this stage of a 
takeover battle with acceptance 
levels traditionally less than 1 
per cent at the first dosing date. 
Investors usually wait to the last 
possible moment allowing time 
for a rival or higher offer before 

Argyll is still waiting to bear 
(ram Mr Leon Briitaa, Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, on whether the bid 
will be referred to the Mon- 
opolies and Mergers Com- 

According to unconfirmed 
reports, ministers will discuss 
the takeover at tomorrow’s full 
Cabinet meeting. Mr Brittan 
has been delaying the decision 
until he can ’discus the offer 
with colleagues, the reports 

Meanwhile Distillers has to 
correct, at the request of the 
Takeover Panel, an impression 
given in one of its press 
adertisements that the Panel 
was still considering a com- 
plaint by Distillers against 

Trust ahead 

London Investment Trust 
lifted profits from £1.81 milli on 
to £2.01 million before tax in 
the six months to September 30. 
Turnover was up from £11.5 
million to £16.3 million and the 
dividend is 0.47p (0.44p). 

Tempos, page 18 

HK record 

Hong Kong share prices 
surged 19 points to close at a 
record high of 1,815.53 yester- 
day. The previous record of 
1.810.20 was set on July 17, 

The merger of British Home 
Stores and Habitat Mothercare 
under an offer from Storehouse, 
a new company, is now fully 
unconditional. Storehouse has' 
received acceptances for 56.90 
pet of BHS ordinary shares and 
72.05 pet of Habitat shares. 

Banks in talks 

Commercial banks from 
Europe and North America are 
meeting World Rank and 
International Monetary Fund 
officals in Washington this 
week to discuss the Baker plan. 
They are the highest level since 
the plan was proposed. 

Alcan charges 

Alcan Aluminium says its 
1 985 fourth quarter earning will 
include special charges of $350 
million (£243 million) ($2.15 a 
share) after tax. 

Shanghai fleet 

The city of Shanghai has 
launched its own airline with a 
fleet of five Boeing 707s, the 
New China News Agency 

Motoring school 

The British School of Motor- 
ing has been ordered by the 
Advertising Standards Auth- 
ority to stop using its slogan 
“BSM where most people pass 
the first time” because it could 
not substaniate its claim. 

A BSM spokesman said 
yesterday that it had produced a 
new slogan “We’re right by 
vour side," as a replacement. 

Dire fate 

Sydney (AP) - A student 
parody of Money for Nothing by 
the pop group Dire Straits has 
been withdrawn from foe 
airwaves after complaints from 
the group's Australian agent- 

More firms employ headhunters 
as recruiting intensifies 

A discreet telephone call to 
an executive asking him to meet 
for a chat about his future is the 
signal that headhunters are on 

These days few jobs paying 
more than £30,000 a year are 
advertised. Instead a company 
calls in recruitment specialists, 
or headhunters. It will tell them 
foe sort of man it is looking for 
and wait for the candidates to 
be wheeled in. 

Sometimes the company will 
identify the man it wants, who 
is often working for a rival firm, 
and leave it to the professionals 
to deliver him for a suitable fat 

One of the leading firms of 
headhunters is Korn/Ferry 
International - “executive 
search consultants", as it 
describes itself. 

The managing partner Mr 
Stephen Rowlinson said: “We 
are not after people who are 
looking for a job. We want 
people who are already doing a 
top job and who can be 
persuaded that there are better 
prospects for their talents 

This view was echoed by Mr 
Walter Goldsmith, the former 
director general of the Institute 
of Directors, who is non-execu- 
tive chairman of Kom/Feny. 

By Cliff Feltham 

“If headhunters weren’t around 
they would have to be invented. 
I don't see any other way you 
can provide senior talent for 
senior jobs", he said. 

It is not just boaniroom jobs 
which are filled by headhunters. 
They are now being called in to 
fill appointments lower down. 

One reason is that companies 
are demanding improved per- 
formance from all tiers of 
management and are ready to 
pay large salaries to get the right 
calibre of staff. They are 
determined to get value for 

Mr David Shellard, manag in g 
director of Russell Reynolds 
Associates said: “Finns have to 
be more efficient these days to 
survive and finding the right 
people is the key. 

The basic task of a head- 
hunter involves straightforward, 
research into the candidate’s 
background, his performance in 
his existing job and, _ most 
important, how others in foe 
same industry rate buu- 

Goddard Kay Rogers, which 
specializes in jobs at £45.000 or 
more, charges a fee of £ 1 5,000 
for filling an appointment. 
Firms like Korn/Feny base 
their charges on one-thiid of the 
executives first year's salary 
including bonuses. 

With brokers changing job 
for six-figure salaries as part oi 
the big bang, commissions 
earned by some of foe consult- 
ants have been considerable. 

But the view in some areas is 
that headhunters are becoming 
an unhealthy intrusion into 
corporate life. Mr Richard 
Masterman, who heads foe 
Devon and Cornwall branches 
of foe Institute of Directors, 
said: “I feel it is an intrusion 
into other people’s companies. 
Picking up the telephone and 
making a call to someone who 
may be quite happily involved 
in their job with foe aim of 
enticing them somehere else can 
be very harmful. If firms want 
people they should advertise 
and leave it to individuals to 
decide whether they want to 
respond to a challenge else- 
where or not.” 

Mr David Shellard disagrees. 
“Do you know that foe d2y an 
American executive arrives in 
his new job he completes his cv 
and sends it out to headhunters 
to let them know where he is? 

“People don't just leave jobs 
for money. Either they want 
more opportunities or their 
ambitions are frustrated and a 
change of job can suddenly 
provide them with the scope 
they need." 

finance and industry 




rate worries 



By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

Stores shares took a hammer- 
ing yesterday as institutional 
investors decided it was time to 
reduce the size of their holdings 
in the sector. 

Retail sales were booming in 
November and December, but 
the City is now anticipating a 
slow-down caused by the 
adverse movement of interest 
rates. Money markets in recent 
days have shown signs of 
interest rates moving upward. 

Even if this proves a short- 
term flurry, and is not followed 
through by a rise in base lending 
rates, analysts reckon there is 
little chance of a cut in rates for 
some months to come. 

Given that stores shares have 
been strong throughout 1985. 
such predictions indicate that 
the sector is about to run out ot 
steam. The stores index in fact 
reached a peak on November 
25, the day the rest of the the 
stock market reached record 
levels last year, and has shown a 
steady decline since. 

Another negative factor is 
that bid activity among retailers 
appears to have subsided. The 
Home Stores link-up went 
unconditional yesterday, and 
there is no sign of takeover 

CH Industrials could be prepar- 
ing another takeover strike at 
Banro Industries. Yesterday it 
disclosed another small buy of 
Banro shares, lifting its holding 
to 27.8 per cent. CH, which like 
Banro is involved in car trims 
and components, is free to renew 
hostilities in April. Banro was 
unchanged at I30p. 

action at Bools, the high street 
chain which has been lipped as 
a target. 

Profit-taking after the recent 
good profits figures has also set 
in at Boots, and its share price 
dropped 9p to 252p. Other large 
price falls included Harris- 
Qwensway. down I4p at 21Sp. 
Freemans and Grattan, both 
down 12p at 23Sp. BHS. down 
22p at 35 Op. Barton Group, 18p 
lower at 525p, Dixons Group. 
25p off at 879p. Etam. down Sp 
at 296p. Great Universal Stores 
‘A’, down 33p at 777p, Habitat, 
32p lower at 428p, John 
Hepworth, 7p off at 21 Op. 
Marks and Spencer, 5p down at 
167p, Sears Holdings, down 5p 
at 107'Ap. and Woolworth 
Holdings, I7p to the bad at 

There was a genera] shortage 
of optimism elsewhere in the 
stock market yesterday, with 

Japan to 
seek rate 

dealers reporting signs of 
nervous jobbers marking down 
prices fora mixture of reasons. 

In places it looked as though 
the jobbers had too much stock 
on board, and so wanted to 
discourage more heavy selling, 
while in other places - notably 
among the takeover tips - 
jobbers were hoping to encour- 
age selling and get more stock 
on their books. 

By the end of the day the FT 
30 share index had fallen 6.5 

the level of beer consumption. 
Although the switch from - 
traditional beers ' to higher 
margin lager will continue he 
believes the underlying trend is 
not encouraging. 

Profit growth, be suggests, 
will come on the retail side - 
from managed pubs, disco- 
theques and hotels. 

Among oils Bormah 03 
continued to win takeover 
support, rising 7p to 284p. Mr 
Gerald Ron son's Heron Inter- 

Sobering tidings for Distillers, awaiting the decision whether the 
bid from Aygyll Group wQl be referred to the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission. According to Impact, an American research 
group, the three Distillers brands in the world top 20 lost sales in 
tiie past four years. Gordon's gin (in fifth place) declined 13.1 per 
cent Johnnie Walker Red Label Scotch whisky (sixth) fell 2.2 per 
cent and Dewar's Scotch (20th) lost 2.6 per cent. Distillers shares 
slipped 7p to 488p. 

points to II 35.3, and the FT-SE 
100 share index was 8.9 points 
lower at 1415.2. Government 
stock prices drifted, roughly. £** 
lower, with the day’s money 
supply figures having little 
noticeable effect. Sterling 
strengthened against the dollar 
but weakened against European 

Lonrho. the international 
trading group, bucked the trend. 
The shares gained 9p to 21 5p on 
the gathering impression that 
Mr T. Boone Pickens, the 
American share trader, and his 
associates were building up a 

Breweries were mixed. But 
two leading brokers arc bullish 
about the sector. Wood, 
Mackenzie & Co. expects the 
beer market to display "good 
growth” for the first lime for 
five years. The present bid 
ferment had drawn attention to 
the brewers rich asset base “and 
the scope for a more dynamic 
management approach”. 

Mr Kevin Feeny at W. 
Green well & Co. also expects 
the industry to have a good year 
but he is not optimistic about 

national remains the market's 
favourite to bid but there is also 
talk of J. Rothschild Holdings 
and others busy stake building. 

Cadbury Schweppes, another 
takeover favourite, fell lp to 
154p. Laurie, Milbank & Co., 
the broker, has trimmed its 
1985 profits forecast from £115 
million to £108 million. In the 
previous year the group made 
£124 million. The broker 
believes that once Cadbury has 
sorted out its North American 
problems profits should 
"bounce substantially” 

DDT Group, a computer 
maintenance group, held at 
1 28p as 5 per cent of the capital, 
from a liquidated investment 
trust portfolio, was placed with 
institutions by Simon & Coates, 
the broker. The placing, said to 
be 10 times oversubscribed, was 
at 1 16p. 

Profit-taking set in at F H 
Tomkins, the engineering and 
industrial group which reported 
doubled pretax profits on 
Monday. The share price lost 
1 lp to 225p, and there are signs 
that the City expects the shares 
to hit a quiet patch. During 

Traded option highlights 

Total traded options business 
reached 14,042 contracts yester- 
day, with Lonrho again standing 
out on the lists. Some 3,171 
contracts in the overseas trader 
were bought and sold, as market 
speculation about the group 

Hanson, where the City 
expects the bid for SCM in the 
US to go through - Hanson was 
baying SCM Shares in New 
York yesterday - also saw a 

high volume of 1386 contracts. 
1CI notched up 1,060 contracts 
traded, and the stock exchange 
index option had volume of 917. 

Investors please not that the 
expiry date for January’ cur- 
rency option is this Friday, the 
10th. In yesterday's edition of 
The Times a printing error 
incorrectly snggeest that all 
traded options expire on that 

1984 and 1985 Tomkins made 
spectacular progress on the 
stock market, but further strong 
gains now look to be some way 
in tiie future. 

Prices among other engineers 
were also trimmed back, with 
recent stock market favourite 
Locus Industries slipping to 
500p at one stage. By the close, 
however, Lucas was back at 
505p, just a net 6p down on the 

T I Group, where the City 
still waits for bid action from 
Evened Holdings, slipped Sp to 
37 lp. and Hawker Siddeley lost 
I Op to 4S5p. Vickers fell 8p to 
300p, and Westland was 5p 
down at 78p. The political 
wrangle over the helicopter 
maker, Westland, continues, 
even market talk of a possible 
takeover bid from British 
Aerospace was no help to the 

BAe itself saw a good 
recovery in its share price 
during the day. From an early 
loss of 8p the shares ended at 
48 lp, a net 5p higher. Tody the 
group is expected to announce 
details of yet more aircraft 
orders, largely from civil rather 
than military buyers. 

Share prices among the 

Wood Mackenzie, the broker, 
has put a "buy” tag on United 
Scientific Holdings. The City 
firm says that the management 
is recovering its grip on the 
defence equipment company, 
leading to profits of £123 
million in 1985/6, against £10.0 
million Last time. Big orders are 
expected soon. Meanwhile, 
USH shares were unchanged 
yesterday at 183p. 

leading clearing tanks were 
trimmed in line with the general 
market trend, though Barclays 
Bank was particularly weak 
following a downgraded profit 
forecast from W. Greenwell. 
The broker reckons 1985 profits 
will be £870 million, against a 
previous estimate of £890 
million, and the Barclay share 
dipped 1 Sp to 434p in early 
trade before ending the session 
at 459p. 

Jaguar recovered from early 
losses to show a lp gain on the 
day to 351 p. Hie car maker is 
still enjoying this week's good 
news from America, where sales 
of its vehicles continue to grow. 

Insurance shares managed to 
halve early falls. Pearl Assur- 
ance finished 15p lower at 


John Menzies: Mr Dermot 
Jenkinsoh has joined the board. 

Plessey. Mr John Saunders 
has become director of strategic 
planning, corporate staff 

Robertson Research; Pro- 
fessor W. W. McBride -Brown, 
group chief executive and Mr JL 
H. j. Cook, a non-executive 
director, are to be joint deputy 
chairman. Professor Brown will 
be succeeded as group chief, 
executive by Dr H. It, Bichan. 
Mr Michael Plant becomes a 
non-executive director. 

C T. Bowring & Co: Mr 
Philip L Wrooghton has been 
appointed a deputy chairman 
and chief operating officer. He 
will join the boards of Bowring 
U.K. and C. T. Bowring & Co' 
(Insurance) whilst retaining 
chairmanship of C. T. Bo wring 
Reinsurance and his director- 
ship of Winchester Bo wring. Mr 
Charles Cull urn and Mr Hady 
Wakefield have been appointed 
joint chief executives of C. T. 
Bowring Reinsurance. 


From De Beers, a gem 

that sparkles again 

Dc Beers has grappled migfatly 
over the past four or five years 
with that monster of its own 
creation, the diamond market, 
and the latest Central Selling 
Organisation rough diamond 
sales figures suggest that the 
syndicate may be winning. De 
Beers' profits this year -should 
benefit accordingly. 

During the second half of 
last year, CSO Sales 
amaounted to $986 million 
(£685 mflion), the highest six- 
month total for the last five 
years. It was a comfortable 18 
cent improvement over the 

cent higher than the same 
period of 1984. Overall sales 
rose by "13 per cent over 1984, 
to $1,823 million. 

. But it is the rand figures 
which will make the Johannes- 

yesterday as a rash of shares 
was suspended in respons e to 
rumours of a deal between 
Volvo and Ferro enta. the 
. wonder biotechnology com- 
pany run by the Eyptian Mr 
Refeat El-SayedL. . 

In. all, the shares of five 
companies which, would be 
affecied by the. deal had their 
trading on the Swedish stock 
exchange suspended. Ironi- 
cally, VONo was not among 

- Fun details of the deal are 
expected today and in essence 
it - could -restructure- quite 

7\ MTV *7 1 1 k'A i ifjwivi » VM *' 

suffered from neglect ia most 
areas of the City, denote 
widespread interest m most 
financial, companies ahead of 
the big bang. .As a result both 
Montagu Investment Manage, 
ment and Throgmorton Trust 
have been able to buy lines of 
stock without pushing up -the 
share price. 

Investors scent more con- 
cerned about the risks of 
another bad debt, after the 
lange write-off two years ago 
than about future prospects 
The second half look 
ing even though the 

raaceutical industry. Ferments, pointed the market. Profits 
which has been roaring ahead only rose Grom £1.81 million to 
on the back of its development £2.01 million. 

£ SSffTiHSS ^ s* i* ** * 

Volvohas iir P ha r ma cia and ‘ Iff? _ movements 

Mr Philip Wroughton 

The Council of' British 
Executive Service Overseas: 
Viscount Boyd of Merton has 
been elected president. 

Gartmore Investment Man- 
agement: Mr G. A. Adkin, Mr 
P. Pearson Land, Mr P- A_ 
Scott, Mr R. H. Stedall and Mr 
D. W. Watts have joined the 
board. Mr P. N. Buckley has 
been elected chairman and Mr 
W. Campbell Allan, depoty 

Smith & Nephew Associated , 
Companies: Mr Michael J. 
Kiel; and Mr Terry F. Winter 
have become directors. 

Pressac Holdings: Mr Geof- 
frey Charles White becomes j 
group financial director. 

Wolstenholme Rink: Mr 
Jack Nutter becomes a non- 
executive director. 

Airdairns Group: Mr Bnchan 
Marshall has been appointed 

The Rugby Portland Cement: 
Mr Patrick Jackson is to be 
chief executive of the Rugby 
Cement division. 

WA Holdings: Mr Brian 
North has becone chairman in 
place of Mr Wilfred Airey who 
has retired as chairman but 
continues as a non-executive 
director. Mr P. Levinson has 
been appointed a director. 

tor roc 

whole of 1985 was R4.027 
million, up -75 per cent on 

The rising trend is unmistak- 
able, and industry sources 
expect what" they coyly, call 
“further consolidation” in 
1986. It would be prudent, 
nevertheless, to separate the 
general improvement in the 
world economy, particularly in 
the biggest markets of the 
United States, Germany and 
Japan, from the specific 
changes in the diamond market 

In 1984, the Russians 
sharply increased sales of 
polished stones and the dollar's 
strength deterred buyers in 
other currencies. But last year 
these factors went into reverse, 
and the diamond . banks, 
notably in Israel, became more 
liberal m granting credit to the 
trade. These special factors 
may not apply in 1 986. 

Still, the result is that De 
Beers has recently widened the 
range of stones sold to the 
trade to include the more 
expensive varieties. Bui De 
Beers shareholders should not 
be too eager: the extra revenue 
may be gobbled up by debt 

Much depends on the infa- 
mous diamond stockpile. The 
stockpile figures due in March 
will tell us whether De Beers 
has quelled the monster. 

Swedish shares 

The Swedish stock market 
suffered an uncharacteristic 
rush of blood to. the head 

csumaica w iuumi 

3 billion {£400 millioh). Its 
importance to the Swedish 
pharmaceutical industry is high 
but it . also has significant 
implications for British inves- 

Some investors may now 
find that their cash will find its 
'way into new ownership and 
there is nothing that they can 
do about it. Unlike in Britain, 
there is no requirement for a 
Swedish company to make a 
formal offer to all shareh olders 
when control of a company 
changes hands. - 

The proposed deal may 
. therefore result in some inves- 
tors finding that their cash is 
tied up as part of a minority 
which has no obvious escape 
route. Clearly this was a risk 
which was known at the outset, 
but such a massive rationaliza- 
tion of one industry would 
hardly have been discounted at 
thetime. . . 

The message for those who 
can still sell after the Yolvo- 
/Fermenta deal is to do so as 
soon as possible. 

London InvTrnst 

London Investment Trust is a 
terrible misnomer for a com- 
pany. which .is neither an 
investment trust nor even an 
investment company. The 
name gives no hint of the 
company's real activity which 
is the broking and clearing of 
securities and futures. . 

Perhaps because there is 
confusion about -its propose, 
the company's shares, have 

depends largely on the agricul- 
tural market - 

Meanwhile, the company’s 
two other main operations are 
growing. At home Bailey 
Saialkin, a subsidiary, is poss- 
ibly the largest operator on the 
London international Finan- 
cial Futures Exchange, 
accounting fin- more than iq 
per cent of the busTnesa in the 
past few months. . . 

It is hopeful of continued 
expansion, perticulariy once 
the new regulatory regime U 
sorted out. Baiky wouidlike to 
see segregated clients* accounts, 
partly because this would give 
confidence to new pfayen in 
the market But this looks 
unlikely for some months. * 

In the shorter term, Riakor, 
the American securities oper- 
ation, should produce better 
results, as the first quarter of 
the calendar year is always its 

- The only bkckspqt is Cen- 
trespur, whose business has 
been^ affected by the changes. 
But if the group can mak e an 
acquhrituon soon, this should 
become less important. 

A. strong financial position 
and the combination of brok- 
ing activities could weft-appeal 
to one of the large money 
broking houses. Both Mercan- 
tile and Exeo have cash to 
spare and if the shares continue i 
at their present fowl they may 
decide to absorb some of it 
with a . bid. At 25p the shares 
yield 7 per cent and sell on 
eight times earnings. 


Tokyo (AFP) - Japan is to 
seek internationally concerted 
action to cut interest rates in 
talks in London and Washing- 

The Finance Minister, Mr 
Noboru Takesbita, who is to 
visit Britain and the United 
States for the next ten days 
starting on January 16, said 
yesterday that would be the 
focus of his meetings. 

He told reporters that Japan 
could not “go it alone” because, 
while trying to spur its flagging 
economy, it had to keep the yen 

His plea follows a statement 
on TV by the Premier, 'Mr 
Yasuhro Nakasone. that: “If we 
lower interest rates (together), 
economic activity in all coun- 
tries will pick up.” 

Mr Nakasone believes a 
concerted reduction in interest 
rates should be top of the 
agenda of a summit of the seven 
leading industrialized nations - 
Britain, Canada, the United 
States, West Germany. Japan. 
France and Italy - to be held in 
Tokyo in May. 

But he wants finance minis- 
ters of tiie seven to meet before 
then to reduce interest rates. 

Tokyo is also hoping for 
another meeting of the Group 
of Five - Britain, Japan, the 
United States, West Germany, 
and France. 



ABN Bank 

Adam & Company 


Citibank Savings 1 

Consolidated Crds — - 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 

C Hoare & Co — 

Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank Scotland — 


Citibank N A — — _ — 
t Mortgage Base Rate. 

By Simon Scott 

Britain is beginning to pay 
attention to Taiwan as a trading 
partner, even if it continues to 
hold it at arm’s length diploma- 
tically. The London Chamber of 
Commerce, sponsored by Bar- 
clay’s Bank, sent its first mission 
to Taipei in November after a 
visit by Lord JeilJcoe, chairman 
of the’ British Overseas Trade 
Board, in August 1984. 

This new interest is due 
primarily to the size of the 
Taiwanese economy, one of 
Asia’s great success stories in 
the past 25 years. In 1984 the 
island's export and imports 
were worth more than $52 
billion, about the same level of 
China's. Its per capita output 
had reached about $2,770 and 
by the end of 1985 its reserves 
stood at $22.2 billion. 

Two-way trade with Britain 
in 1984 came to over £735 
million, according to the De- 
partment of Trade and indus- 
try. and to- over £830 million 
(converting at the year-end rate 
of $1.18 to the £), according to 
the Taiwanese Ministry of 
Economic Affairs which in- 
cludes British exports sent via 
Hong Kong and other places. 
This compares with DTI figures 
Tor trade with China of about 
£595 million. 

The balance is tipped heavily 
Fn Taiwan's favour and one of 
Lord Jellicoe’s main purposes 
was to seek ways of correcting 
it. The British deficit was about 
£210 million in 1982 and £329 
million in 1983. In 1984 it came 
to £434 million (£334 million if 
British indirect exports are 

Our main deliveries to 
Taiwan consist of organic 
chemicals and machinery. From 
Taiwan we buy office machines 
and data processing equipment, 
telecommunication and record- 
ing apparatus, textiles, foot- 
wear, electrical machinery and 
components, and travel goods. 
The trend in Taiwanese exports 
is for increased sales of elec- 
tronic and electrical consumer 

irs fight American bias in 
to step up Taiwan sales 


US $ million 

Total imports 
Imports from UK 
Total exports 
Exports to UK 





















Source: Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taipei 



'as ■ . ■ .si - '.*' 

i! 3? tr ' 

^ • •. » ■ • • 

^ v EU.OW ^ . | 




Our business is selling yours 


Jl-wndoPU* ChehjmPljke.Ujniliin.SW IX HUD. IU--K9SC. 

The best known name in merger broking 

What are the prospects in the 
other direction? At the lop of 
the scale, British hopes are 
pinned on the construction of 
an underground railway in 
Taipei. A group of British 
consultants has won the design 
contract for the first phase and 
in June the government-funded 
Anglo-Taiwan Trade Com- 
mittee and British companies 
with experience of metro 
building organized a seminar in 
Taipei to parade their skills. 

It is hoped that construction 
work will start towards the end 
of this year. A. 1 4. 3-mile stretch 
between Taipei and Tamshui is 
scheduled for completion in 
1990 at an estimated cost of 
$860 million, and there are 
plans for an extension, costing 
an estimated $670 milli on, 
between the railway terminus 
and the suburb of Hsintien. 

The underground is one of 14 
big projects on which the 
government expects to spend 
$16 billion. Of the others, the 
fourth nuclear power plant has 
so far proved disappointing for 
Britain. NEI Parsons tendered 
for the turbine generators but 
the project was shrived in 1982 
and there is now talk of putting 
it out to tender again . 

This reinforces British 
officials' suspicion of a Taiwa- 
nese bias towards the United 
States. Half of the islaniTs 
exports go to America and it 
enjoys a surplus of about $10 
billion on two-way trade of $16 

As protectionist sentiment 

strengthens across the Pacific, 


iM macs Flashback: Mr Lamont opens 
• HJ the Telford factory 

ns in the the pressure is on Taipei to 
b lop of redress this imbalance by 
ipes are buying American. In October it 
iction of announced it would ease restric- 
way in lions on imports of US wine, 
British beer and tobacco. The British 
e design are wondering when these 
lase and concessions will be extended to 
t-funded other countries as well. 

Com- Members of the London 
mpanies Chamber of Commerce mission 
metro liken the Taiwanese market to 
mfriar in the Japanese; you will succeed if 
tills. you have something different, 
struction probably high technology, and 
the end can deliver on time at a 
e stretch competitive price. Pollution 
mshui is control equipment and medical 
:tion in instruments are two areas 
cost of mentioned, bat the director of a 
lere are firm selling fashion furs was 

, costing also well received by the 

million, Taiwanese and plans to hold a 
terminus show in Taipei in March, 
ien. The Taiwanese would like to 

me of 14 enter into joint ventures with 
ich the British companies, marrying 
a spend our design capability and 

iiers, the technology with their mass 
riant has production skills, 
nting for Mr Robert Devereux, a 
tendered director of the Wellcome 

*9*^1 gut Foundation, who led the Lon- 
. m 19S2 don chamber mission, said 
r putting things were still not good 
•. . . enough but were moving in the 
British right direction. A few years ago 
1 tT^ Wellcome would not have put 
1 United patented pharmaceuticals . on 
islantfs the Taiwanese market: today . 
1 — ZpwaJti a new synthetic anti- 
« W viral product, is on sale there, 
le of $16 At the same time that the 

London chamber team was in 
mtiment Taipei, Telford Development 
Pacific* Corporation was there trying to 

attract the Taiwanese to invest 
in the Shropshire new town. 
Around 130 people attended a 
seminar at which one of the 
main speakers was DrT. S. Lin, 
chairman of Tatung, the only 
Taiwanese company manufac- 
turing in Britain. . 

Tatung took over Decca 
Radio and Television's lactones 
at Bridgnorth. Shropshire, and 
its research and development 
laboratory at Bradford in 1981. 
In 1985 it moved both these 
operations to Telford, where it 
has converted an aluminium 
smelting plant which belonged 
to GKN. 

The company has invested 
about £20 million in Britain 
over the past four years and 
today employs about . 1,000 
people making colour television 
sets, microcomputers and 
colour monitors. It also pro- 
duces part of a video display 
unit for IBM. Production of 
television sets is running at 
about 250,000 a year but that of 
the “Einstein” computer is 
negligible. Since it was launched 
in June 1984 sales have totalled 
about £5 million. 

According to Mr C S. Lin, 
the company secretary, Tailing 
(UK) was profitable by its 
second year. He expects only to 
break even in 1985 on a 
turnover of . £38 ■ million. - the 
move to Telford - meant that 
customer demand could not be 
met - bat predicts- a sales 
increase of more than 50 per 
cent this year. 

The British Government’s 
treatment of Tatung is typical of 
its ambivalent attitude to 
Taiwan. The company received 
no grant for setting up in 
Telford, where it is one of the 
largest employers in an area 
with unemployment, above 20 
per cent, but Mr Norman 
Lament, then industry minister, 
opened the factory in July.. 

Likewise, the Government 
funds the Anglo-Taiwan Trade 
Committee, which has offices in 
London and Taipei, but at too 
low a level to be effective. Mr 
Devereux, who is looking at 
bow other countries which 
recognize Peking operate in 
Taipei, compares the one man 
in the A tic’s Taijpei office with a 
staff of seven m the Austrian 
office there and points out that 
Austrian exports have risen 
fivefold since 1980. “Ether do 
it properly or don't bother” is 
the comment of Mr Barry 
Exton i of Barclays Bank, deputy 
leader of the London chamber 

From the Taiwanese side 
there are complaints of delays 
in getting visas and work 
permits for Britain- because' 
applications are processed in 
Hong Kong rather than Taipei. -• 


Temporary suspension of listing of 
the 8*4 per cent loan stock was 
announced on Fridav, pending a 
further statement The half-year 
interest will not be paid today. The 
company is holding talks with its 
bankers and with the trustees of the 
loan stock holders. 

• AURORA: The company has 
sold the issued share capital of 

. Edgar Allen Mining Products to 
Dengel and Barker (Holdings). A 
total of £290.000 was paid to Aurora 
for the shares and the payment 
of inter-group indebtedness. The 
balance is payable on completion of 
Edgar’s 1985 accounts. 

The group has acquired 50 per cent 
of Music Hire Group, one of the 
leading operators of amusement 
machines in Britain, with about 
5.000 machines, for £700.000. 


UMPH: By Jan 3, Morgan NichoDs 
had received shares (72.5 per cent). 
The offer has been extended until 
Jan 31. but remains conditional on 
acceptances of not less titan 90 per 
cenL . . : 

holders have approved, tiie disposal 
of Tilbury Roadstone. The disposal 
has now been completed. 
The company is 'to buy Brint 
Australia, a subsidiary of Brim 
investments of Britain, for just 
under A us $2.9 million (about £1.37 
million) in cash. 

company’s offshoot, Electro-Pre- 
cision Components, has acquired 
the business and certain assets of 
Wire Products and Machine Design 
Group. The value of the assets being 
acquired is about £250,000. 

tralian gold producer has raised its 
stake in the 35.000 tonne a month 
Horseshoe Lights Gold Mine near 

i Meckatharra, Western Australia, to 
57 per cent. Barrack has paid Aus 
S3.5 million (£1.65 million) in cask 
plus a commitment for 445 ounces 
of gold deliverable from September, 
1986, production ai Horseshoe 

Tight g. 

O BASS: The company, through 
its offshoot, Bass Leisure, has 
bought Ladbroke Machine Services. 

NATIONAL: The company's off- " 
shoot, J. B. and S. Lees, is-to acquire % 
from Guest; Keen and Nettiefolds. 
Firth Cleveland Steel Strip and its 
sales associate in the- US, Firth 
Cleveland Steels, for £3.8 million. 
The deal is subject to not bong 
referred to the Monopolies Com-. . 

FUND: Results for the nine months 
to December 31 bid ode a third 
interim dividend of 3 1.6p {3L4 dL 
making 94J4p (89.88p) so.fcron 
participating redeemable preference 
shares. The dividend is. payable on 
February 28. Gross revenue was •' 
£1.445 million (£1.4S9millioa) and 
net revenue £I.306maiion (£1.1439 - 


subsidiary. Clarkes of StiUmgton. 
has acquired from Fhibro-Salomon 
the steel stockholding business and * 
related trading assets of Charts 
Wade Steel for about £700,000 cash. 
This represents a continuation of 
firth's plans to expand in the steel 
stockholding area. 


Negotiations have been completed - 
for the acquisition of the tangiN r 
and intangible assets of the framer ■■ 
S. A Titecfa Europe. _• 

MAN: The. company, is to form a 
new regional company. Wstney 
Combe and Truman, to manage all 
its operations in London and the 
Home Counties. Browing will 
continue at Mortlake and Bride 
Lane in London and tire public 
houses wiH continue to operate with 
their separate indemnities and 

CAN TRUST: The issue of £20 
million debenture stock.' 2016, has 
been.placed by Robert Fleming and 
Co. at £99.745 per £100 nominal. 
The gross redem pti on yield, at the 
coupon rate of 11.5 per cent, was 
11.532 percent. • 

• BICO Talks are on for a 
m a n age m ent boyout at Bcartwood 
Furniture at Prescot, Merseyside. 
BICC involvement with HeartwOod 
will cease with the closure of the 
Prescot plant on Feb. 7. Asset* of 
about £1 million ore involved. 
Heartwood produces pine bedroom ' 
and ki t c he n -furniture and employs. 
75 people. 

admin istration and management ©f^ ■ 
Goldsmiths* insurance division win 

provided by Swmton Holdings. 
This will result in the dosure of the 
insurance head office 1 at Southend. 
Swinton is the largest private 
insurance broker in the country, 
operating 164 offices.. It will bring to 
Goldsmiths access to more competi- 
tive rate and a wider range of 
insurance policies. 

• SIEBE: The company has 
acijuired Deutsche Tecalemit for 39 
million marks (about £1 1 million) 

cash. Assets of up- to £16.92 million 
net have been purctased. Siebe has 
.arranged the' financing through its 
own resources by a mark-denomi- 
nated loan, via a leading German 

directors report that the company 
continues to trade at a “satisfac- 
tory” level and tiie board is busy 
evaltuning a number of oppor- 
tunities in the property sector. The 
fi nancial services division’s results 
to date are in line' with those for the 
same -period last year. Parkdale 
Properties has acquired the freehold 
interest in 62/66 . High Street, 

^ ■ * »i** vi iw * 

. the fife bra n ches, total new amino i 
./premiums reached £30.63 million 

last year (£29.46 million in 1984) 
and single premiums £5.36 million 
(£3.11. million). - Ordinary branch 
new annual premiums were £6.73 
million (£6.39 million). Single 
premiums and annuity consider- 
ations were £405,000 (£390,000). 
.pjew sums assured amounted to 
£214.62 mfflion (£20931 mflfion). 

•The acquisition of Syracuse Ad- 
• h «ayc o f Cleveland, Ohio, nutmi- 

factnrezs of adhesives and related 
compounds for the building and 
. construction industry has 
completed .for S3J2 nuffioa (O u 
minimi) cash. The '-.agreement 
mtmdes for additional perform- 
ance-reuued payments over. -two 
years . 

company has completed the acqui- 

•lS2fife£ A Kabertsou ttdlon 
SJSfr Bab y8“ * 

acqum Glen Abbess children's 
wsar division in Dublin and the 
JotittLM and dyeing fedlity fo 
-TaUa ffi fo r m ore than £! mfflim 

• SCOTOsh OFFSH QPij’ - 

Cra 5» rat >°° - has 
£*ervtd acceptances for 1.6 miffum 
«d«ary . shares. With the shares - 

already hdd, Finlay soar owns 2.49 
minion ordinary shares (83.2 per. 
centtof Scottish Offshore. 

The company has now raised Can 
$26.93 million (£13 minion} for the 
financing for its Summit viffe Heap 

^Leach gold pngeo, Colorado, and 
general c o rpo rate purposes. The 
new tool has been, readied 
following the ex ous e of 966,400 
aerie? “E" warrants which have 
netted Cta $9. 1 8 million. 

INGS: The board has decided to 
re o rgani z e the group structure. A 
hew company win be formed for 
tin s purpose . • 

• FITCH LOVELL: The company 
has bought Ashmotmt Ltd, a 
pr o cess ed pohry group, operating 
from plants in EBand, Yorkshire, 
fitch has paid . £121 million in cash 
and has issued to the vendors £1.7 
jraffHon in loan stocks. A farther 
sum may be payable, based on 

• ASPREY: For . the half-year to 
Sept 30, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 23,164(13^58). while 
the pretax profit was 5,554 (3,298). 
Earnings per. share were l7.66p 
(9.29p)T An interim dividend of 34 p 
( 2JTp) ts being paid on Jan 27. 

For the half-year to Ang. 31, 1985, 
compared with the half-year to Oct 
31. 1984, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 5,104 (7,442),' while 
the pretax toss was 1,254 (loss. 
2.534). Losses per share were 7,ip 
(loss 23.5). 

• ROBERT HORNE: For the year 
to Sept. 30, with figures in £000, 

-turnover was 122,965 .(104,870), 
while the pretax profit, was 8,647 
<6,547). Earning per share were 
15.9 (l2L2pi^Aj!iud-drridend'of 2p. 
(!.5p) is being paid, maiding a Mai 
of3J5p(2^p). ..... ; : 

• A G. BARR: For the year to 

Ocl- 26, with figures in £000, 
remover was 35,199 (34.724), while 
the pretax profit was 3.199 (3,167). 
Earnings per share were 35J6p 
(3Ll9pk A final dnridead of 6-7p 
(5.75) is being paid, making a total 
orS.45p(7.5p}_ ■ - ■ 

TRUST: For Che year to Nov: 30, 
with figures in £000, pretax revenue 
was 991.(716). Earnings' per share 
wore 2j5p (I.56pX A final dividend, 
of 2. 14p (QL5p) is being paid, making 
a total of 2.34p> (1.55p, indoding a 
bonus ofOJS5p). 


' St 


. 135 
• -61 



■ IIS 
. 135 

2SpGM{I3lk) 2ll»J 






gulliver ; The changes that are necessary at Distillers are so 
far reaching, they can only be introduced from the 
outside. We’ve done this already with a similar 
company - Allied Suppliers, which we bought in 
June 1982. 

They were, in some respects, the “Distillers” 
of the grocery trade, a very large company that had 
grown by amalgamations, but whose market share 
had been sliding downhill for years. People 
expressed doubt whether Allied’s business could 
be improved. 

Profits last year were 240% of profits three 
years ago. Our share price has more than doubled 
.in the last 18 months. 

question BtjU Distillers’ stock market value is 2V2 times Argyll's. 
Aren’t you biting off more than you can chew? 

gulliver No. Allied Suppliers was also 2Vz times our size 
when we bought them. Yet we started to produce 
improved results almost straight away. 

Nearly all Argyll Foods management are 
from Allied Suppliers . We provide the strategy and 
direction; they run the business. In the same way, 
we will identify the existing skills in Distillers, 
and give their management the leadership they 
require. , 

question Your reputation has been made in the fast-moving 
Z ■ :$: ; yg '-tMsimuift/v vou. to nurture 
famous whisky brands? 

gulliver Our prime skills are in marketing and in general . 

management. These skills can both be applied to 
diverse businesses. Our record proves this. Our 
senior executives have backgrounds in companies 
like Unilever, Procter & Gamble, Mars, and 
Beecham: some of the most successful marketing 
companies in the world. We understand long-term 
business building and world brand marketing. It is 
this kind of marketing skill that we will bring to 

t - •. 

But more importantly, we will bring the 
strategy and direction required to build Distillers 
into an international drinks business with a much 
broader base. 

question You claim to be able to revitalise Distillers. But 
how successful is your own Argyll drinks business? 

gulliver How do you measure success? We’ve taken our 
drinks business from £100,000 profit in 1980 to 
over £10 million profit last year. Return on share- 
holders’ funds has increased from 3% to 34%. 

Last year, Distillers Company (Home Trade) 
showed £0.5 milli on profit on their sales of £121 
million. We made £1.3 million profit on our home 
trade sales of just £30 million. If we could do that 
when our lead product is a regional rum, imagine 
what we could do with the famous names, like 
Haig, Dewar’s and Johnnie Walker. 

question You’ve run businesses in Britain. But what do you 
know about international markets? 

gulliver I have had direct experience in North America 
since 1971, when I became responsible for retail in- 
terests there, in addition to being Chairman and 
Chief Executive of Fine Fare here. 

In 1982 we bought Barton Brands, a Chicago 
based drinks company, and built upon their tradi- 
tional business of bourbon and Scotch whisky. For 
instance, we developed Corona Extra, making it the 
fastest growing imported beer in the United States. 

Distillers make a lot of their performance in the 
United States. But it has all been achieved by local 
distributors, not by them. It wasn’t till 1984 that they 
decided to buy one of these distributors, paying 
some $250 million mainly for the right to distribute 
their own brands. 

question Argyll has achieved its growth by acquirin g 
companies - How do you answer that ? 


gulliver We have a reputation for making good acquisi- 
tions, but our profits come from making these 
prosper. For instance, in our food business, since 
1982 we’ve increased profits from £18 million to 
£44 million - with only £2 million of this resulting 
from acquisitions. 

question It is said you not only buy companies - but you also 
sell them. 

gulliver In the past 4 years we’ve sold peripheral activities 
for a sum of £17 milli on. That represents only 2% 
of the current market value of the Argyll Group. 

Looking at Distillers, we don’t see why they 
need seven prestigious offices in London’s West 
End. We may sell some of those. But we certainly 
won’t be selling any of Distillers’ valuable brands 
or businesses. We want to build up Distillers’ 
business - not take it apart. 

question What makes you so confident you will make money 
for Distillers’ shareholders? 

gulliver Because it will be in the interests of our management 

to achieve this. Argyll directors are committed 
to our company’s success. We own a total of 
£27 million worth of shares in Argyll and 180 of 
our senior management participate in a stock option 
scheme, with an average of 30,000 shares each. We 
all have a very powerful motivation to succeed - as 
will Distillers’ executives with our management. 

question Shareholders are being bombarded with circulars. Is 

there to be any let up? 

gulliver The shareholders have my sympathy. But we hope 
soon to be able to reduce these mailings to two a 
year - telling Distillers’ shareholders about their 
dividends and earnings. 

Argyll We can revive Distillers 5 spirits. 


finance and industry 



Markets were lively yesterday, platinum, but tin© market b stffl highest far more than eight 

Although metals started with a waiting for palladitim to move years. Cocoa rase in reaction to 

dismal (an, they picked op inline. the prerions evening’s falL 

later. Alnnunlnm and copper Coffee . surged after the Ofl did 'tittle and quiet 
looked quite strong. Gold release of the official Brazilian currency markets kept financial 

advanced on the back of crop forecast, reaching its fixture? doll. 

Sterlings overall Mh» dropped Interest rates Iran 1 

sewing s iuah ckrS as ; 

BsfebQTta ppqr Me; 
SdfOMU MM(, CSftflV and 
racuataG par toom; 
Gas-ol and sugar to US S 
par tom* 

G W J oy as o n and Co upon 

A« months mquotad. 

VotNL ... 



No Sot 1,640 . 

Mar 150.80-5060 

May 1S550-S5.40 

Aug 16020-61.40 

Oct 10080-6040 

Dec - jwquofd 

Mar unquoted 

Vol : 1309 

Al months unquoted 
Vofc NB 


Jart_ 240JM-3B.75 -Cash — 404,0(1468 M 

Fab ??fl 7*t~?ft *** Thraa months . 418JD-419JQ 

Mar — ^lft7S-1O50 VW ~ ; ni 

Apr . 21000-09.75 Torn Jda 

“** : — -3E-2H&22 AUMOSUM 

Jna 187.75.-97.50 Cash : 77250-77060 

137.30-97 JO Threa morons 799.50-800.00 

Aug _ 1985O-96J50 VW 

Sep™ 208JO-97JO TOT ZTC 

Vbl 2826 msgEL 

Cob ft .■•eai^affa a 


Unofficial prim Vol ; —306 

Official twnowfiguros Tana: __stewjy 

Prices In E par metric tonm 

SArer to pence par troy ounce ' * " 

FtadoftWoWaCo.LUi.npw1 • MEAT AND LIVESTOCK . 

TOPPEHHKJH GRADE Avara^b^d^Hcaaat • 

Cash . .. 56650-967.00 representative modcoCs on 

Three months 992.00-93250 January 7 

vd xtoo ■ 

Torn snadar QB: Cattle. 96.13P per kg hr . 


Cadi ; 952.0M56.00 cwMLSB}. 

Throe months .98200-966.00 G& Fiji*. 7S.42p par kg hr . 

TnM idH 




Cash 258J50-259J0 

Throe months 26950-27050 

VW 1.475 

Tone quM ScoBamt 


... 1726-26 
















..137 JO-38 50 
.134.80 -33.70 
.134 JO-33 JO 



Cash 405 JO-4 10.00 

Three months ________ 

VW nl 

Tone _ kSe 


Cash 455.00-456 JO 

Three months 467.00-46750 

Vd 3.150 

Tone steadier 


Cash 404.00-406.00 

Three months 416.00-419 JO 

Vol 12 

Tone quM 

Sheep noa. down 4375 par cant 
aw. price. 19224p (+4.09}. 

■ Cportorme 

Wheat Barley 
onto C lose Ciooe 

n £11355 £11270 

IT £11625 £115.73 

iy £11950 £117.80 

I £12150 — 

ip £099 .75 £0 9950 

w £10270 £10266 



LAm Pig Contract 
p. per Ido 

sr *te ■§! 

a £8 ss 

Mr 950 

May 94.0 MO 

Jun 94J 94 J 

Jut 96 J . 9|J 

Aug - 955 95.0 

Sip 83.0 83J 

Oct B6J BSD 

Now . 820 920 


Mg moat 

Month Open Ctosa 

Fab 1005 1015 

Apr 10TJ 100.4 

Jun ; 088.6 0995 

Aug ' 0623 0821 

o3 104. a ltRi 

NO* 1022 1065 



£ per tome 

Month Open dose 

Feb BOJS . 813 

Apr ■ . S5J 965 

May 1035 3035 

Nov 78 .8 77.0 

Feb - 8SJ 845 

VoL 1,272 

Q.2L FrelgW Ftfuree Ltd report 
610 par Meat point 

HkpVLbw Close 
Joa66 9015-8995 . 899.0 

'Apr 68 96209620 9635 

JdBS 8365-8365 8375 

Oct 86 — ' 927 J 

J*nB7 — 935.0 

Apr 87 — 1Q25J 

JW87 — • 855J 

OCI87 — 9665 

months yesterday. mm keta pmM'« 

concern about oil prices at the er-__ . 

end of the winter. •• . "***«% 

pflecdn exchange ate steady^ ma st a ftenmit 
in8 OT dosed 0.4 lower at Tf£ ywaterdotia^dn^ 

«» - * tfsS'sarS'sS! 

There ms crowing specn- toms of the m*xk» far wnwj f 
tation abort a rise hi Bri tish having plnmbed to 

STERUNG spot and forward rates 

o* 5 

n,? c* nl 

10.6707-108223* 105763-10881114 




Spot 9025 

VW.: 155 lots 




• Eifliw a Asted c Ex dsnbuDon. h Bit k Marts ttneiLa Nfiw issue, p Sack ijjfc I Traded. yUnquotad. 

Three Month Staffing 

Mar 86 


Sep 86 

Dec gg _____ 

Pratnousdays total open interest 8396 
Throe Month Eurodollar 

Mar aa 

Jun 86 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 

Previous day's total open interest 17868 
US Treasury Bond 

Mar 86 * 

Jun 86 

Sop 36 

Previous day's total open interest 2848 
Short GM 

Mar 88 

Jun 88 

Sep 66 

Previous day's total open nterest 783 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 88 

Previous days total open Interest 
FT-SE 100 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Previous day'o total open interest 1793 

The market continued to push 
period rates tinner yesterday as 
the December surge in bank 
lending added to its worries. By 
the dose, only the “ones” 
showed a fixed rate below 12 per 
cent in the interbank term 

Dealers said there was more 
noise than volume with the rate 
changes. though turnover 
reached quite sizeable pro- 

BneRotM % 

Clearing Banks 11<i 
Finance House 12 

Discount Market Loms% 

Overnight «gh 10'/ Low 9 
Week feed: lOV-HP* 

Treasury BtOs (Discount %] 

Buying Sefing 

2 months Tlh 2 months ll 1 * 

3 months 11H a months II 7 , 

Prime Bank BAs (Discouit %) 

1 month 11 n ir11^ 2 months Il'VlI't 
3 months 11Vn 7 « 6 months nvilS 
Trade BBs (Discount Si) 

1 month IPs 2 months 12V 

3 months 12V 5 months 12 1 . 

interbank r»] 

Ovemigftt open 1 0V10 dose 11 
inert lOVloV 6 months 12V12 

1 month 11“trl1 n i4 9 months 12>ir12 , ii 

3 months 12 r 12 12 months 121^2 

Local Authority Deposits Pa.) 

2 days 11V - 7 days 11', 

1 month n’t 3 months nV 
6 months 11'V* 12 months 11V 

Local AWhortty Bonds 
1 month \TrXl 
3 months 12V12V 
9 months 12V12 

Storing CDs (%) 

1 rn o nm 11 n «-11*i» 

6 months 12-11V 

Dehor COspU 
1 month 755-750 
8 months 7,65-750 

6 months 
12 months 

3 months 
12 months 

3 months 
12 months 




7 days 7>va 
3 months &-7V 
7 days 4*r4’i 
3 months 4>«-4V 
French Franc 
7 days 9V9 
3 months 1ZV-12V 
Swiss Frac 
7 days 2V2V 
3 months 4V4 

7 days 8^r5"» 
3 months 6V-6V 

1 month 8V7 7 *,, 
6 months S-7 7 . 
cal 5-4 
1 month 4V4V 
6 months 4V-4V 
ori 10-8 
1 month 10V-10V 
6 months l2V12 , a 
can 2 1 riV 
1 month 4-y, 

8 months 4V-4 
ewt 7V6V 
1 month 6 7 ,-6*< 

6 months 6 7 u-6>n 

Y the times unit trust information service 

BO CtNr Owg Vie 

SO. HcktoiWst Rd. Bounwrnaulfi BHB BAL 
0345 71 7373 (UnkUna) 

OH & Fond 109J 1IB5 

OH & Fond 1095 1155 

HtfitacEouCy 77.7 S2S 

VMrdMMBond ikij 17S4 

Airancan Qrnvth UBS 147.7 

AUWlPKffiC 449 4IL2 

rimblEnn IU 07.1 

Capv/ri Deserve 604 607 

Comn S Enargr 6J.a B3.3 

EurooMn Cop-al 897 74.1 

Cnnl 1201 1284c 

Japan 515 558» 

UKOrarthlnc 75J7 BOS 

DdAccuib 1077 115.7 

US Emoriyno Co'S 55J SOLS 

ErMluFmpws 1703 1055 

MSSWSACC 51.1 54 4 


+4L8 559 
-10 2.40 
+02 259 



as sponsors 

The severing of the liinfc 
between the ' Football - League 
and Canon (UK) Ltd_. the 
company that became thenr first 
sponsors tlnecr years ago, at, the' 
end of this season, should not 

Kn talran « « 

a League 

r William 
tan, who 

yesterday that “it had become a’ 
victim of its own Success.” ' 

He said; “We "were surpr is e d 
and disappointed when we were 
officially notified because it has 
been such an excellent working 
relationship. Canon has become 
a household name, which was 
their aim in 1982; they actively 
helped to promote the more, 
attractive side of football and 
the 92 League dubs are £33 
minion the richer overall/ 

. **We wanted the deal to go :on 
for ever; and it is sad it has 
come to an end. But I tfrmlr 
there is sufficient evidence from 
our association with Canon to. 
prove that the League is a 
phenomenal platform for spon- 
sors. In terms of publicity, it has 
no equal”- 

Canon's representative ‘ ex- 
plained that their initial, objec- 
tive was to lift, the public 
awareness of thc-tp’ company. 
Before the campaign started, the 
figure was 17 per cent. Immedi- 
ately after it began, it d imbed to 
SI per cent and within three, 
months, k had risen to 79 per- 

Martin Walter, Canon's pub- 
lic relations chief, said: “It is. 
lime to change, our approach. 
Obviously the terrible event at 
Bradford and particularly in 
Brussels came into our thinking 
but they were not, I must stress, 
major factors. We were already 
starting to make our decision 
towards the end oflast season.” 

-/. He added: that - Canon will 
continue . to .give . financial 
assistance : ai “the- grass roots 
levdL” They . haves already 
inteodubed a scheme to dose .between more -than 1 60 
League dubs and their, -local 
datamumties and, from March, 
they plan to stage, -brief six-a- 
side.. games between ■ school 
teams before League fixtures./ 

. The League have eight 
months in whfdi to a' 
raw agreement and. Barry Gffl, 

; representing CSS Promotions 
Ltd, the firm vrtrich were asked 
by the . league to find , a 
beneficiary . three years - ago, 
believes -there . -wffl be ■ no 
shortage . of offers. ‘-Tbe com-.- 
panyYname is mentiooed uot 
just in fids country bid all over; 
Europe for 40 weeks a year,” he 
said- " l : 

“Their regional officials will 
become - local -heroes every 
Saturday -when their - dub is 
- playing at home because they 
will be laMe to supply tickets 
and to- lay- on some hospitality. - 
Canon’s contribution has been 
staggeringly successful and I 
dou^t think there is asponsor- 
shipdeal in. this country that 

The League, as has been {hear 
policy, will refuse to accept any 
ofim from companies rep- 
resendnaerther tobacco of hard - 
liquor. They will almost cer- 
tainly insist that the new 
sponsor. supports similar 
schemes to Canon, who are to 
continue -to invest in the 
Williams- motor racing team as 
well as in next summer's World 
Cap in Mexico. ..... 

.As well as rewarding the 
dubs that finished at the top of 
each of the four dmaora, 
Canon donated several monthly 

and anmi&l prizes. They were 

looks more likely 

By Clrve White / 

While the demands for a “Super • .The . breakaway move was 
League” in England seem to have sparked off at the beginning. of the 
relented since the Football League ■ season by the refusal of the most 
struck a new deal with the television powerful clubs, such as Ranges. 
bo dies, north of the border die Celtic and Aberdeen., to agree to one 
leading dubs expect to have broken- televised league game and one cap 
away from their follow Scottish lie. Clcarly. uncommon with their 
League members by the end of the English counterparts, they fed that 
season. they can command greater financial 

. An attempt to appease the rebel benefitsfrom television aiwt : span- 
dab,' \wbo » consists * of the entire • -sow : iby L w»oi«ung: . tew .awn. 
piSii i» division with the exception exdmrve *3/ There* » Tg** 
of Clydebank,- seemed to have foiled-. . possibility of linking up with th«r, 
in Glasgow yesterday and the nine prosperous English cousins in a 
clubs expect to put forward iheir British )*Super Cup , if not a league, 
constitution for a new league to the competition. . •■...•• 

Scottish FA within 

Alex . Ferguson's view' of . the 
Scottish scene-will also be ch a n gi n g. 

lormignL ocumsn kcuc wiu diw w u wu fi w ift. 

Wallace Mercer, the Heart of The Aberdeen and Scottish manager 
Midlothian representative and the "has. burned himself from the dugout 
rebels' spokesman, said: “No one. at future domestic dub fixtures until 
.wishes to see the league, structure foe end of next season and "thereby 
break up, hut we are only; trying. to saved foe Scottish FA foe embar- 
protcct foe national game - in ; rassmenr of taking mntiar- action 
Scotland and a new set-up could be againatheir natiotaal-managec. 
like a breath of fresh air." * - — *— «»i-- 

uiciuiHniiu> uwu«. - . The sett-imposed penalty fol- 

lan Gel laity, the League pres- j 0 W ed a verbal disagreement with 
denu had put a fresh deal. to. the Abn Ferguson, a referee, at an 
rebels yesterday, but hopes of a Aberieen-Dondee United match 

compromise seemed dashed. Mer- ^ foonfo, when Alex Ferguson 
cer said: “Ian tried to take foe wag ordered away from foe bench, 
position a step forward but it could -jjjp disciplinary committee, how- 
be a case to too little too late.” cver,ulso Imposed a penalty pf foeir 
However. he added: It's the q^d yesterday - a £500 fine. This is 
eleventh hour and it's important id ifa. thir d t i m e Ferguson has been; 
maintain a . dialogue-" BUi be taned from a seat on foe to u ch l i n e, 
stressed foot he could see no reason He was fined and banned for a year 
why there should be any delay in fa 1980 and for eight months in foe 
submitting details of their new previous year. 

months lo the end of the season so ‘S^LAjseo^dSmasbanrf 
to .ill have » tedone qeicHy 

and certainly within a week or so, 
Mercer said. " 

iheir build-op to the World Cup 
finals in Mexico this summer. They 
hope to organize .two other, matches. 

S , action “ ■“ 

against foe other nine as a last T «^-i 

resort, d aiming that they cod Id lose Lam 

lengthy sponsorship contracts be- as they are- very- good technically 
cause of foe withdrawal of foe big, and. w 

attractive dubs. - • climate. ; Rsguson said. 


go to Turin 

Iberpool are to play atoorna- 
mm f in Turin — a city sdQ comin g to 
terns wifo foe tragedy of Brussels. 
But tfcfa time it will be their youth 
twin carrying foe fiag into Europe. 

The youngsters have been invited 
by foe people of Tnrin to take pa rtin 
an eight dnb tournament at easier: 
The young team have bnrpnmkni 
a warm welcome by Jnventas in an 
attempt to heal foe wwtufc opened 
by foe events at the Heysel Stadium. 

Airfield’s chief exeentive, Peter 
Robinson was yesterday defighted 
by foe invitation. He said: rT^ 
event is being sponsored by foe 
Turin dnb. Sporting Barcanova. We 
received foe iavitntion from foem 
and I immediately telephoned 
Jnventas to see hew they felt They 
udd me that the people of Turin 
would be delighted to wdcome ns. 
Despite Brussels we have * 
friendly refationship with foe dnb 

and they have offered to receive onr 
officials and players during foe 
tourname n t. 

“It util be a good bridge building 
eurdse and a way of cementing opt 
links with the Italians. Our 
friendship with Jfeveafos has never 
faltered and this will only serve to 
strengthen it-” 

FA Gup 
Third round 

Mkkfesbnajoh v Southampton 
Sheffield UnftdvFUOiam . _ 

Sheffield VVfldvWBtfBroomJcti 

Queen's Prik Bazars:. Stake Cfty y 
Notts County. 

ThW round replay ' _ 

Tottenham Hotspur v Oxford United 

^pemd:- Bradford City..vjp«w^i 
Town; Aston V8» v Portawith; Derby 

County vGStogtem. 

THnldfvWon ... . 

Brrattorfv Notts County (7 A5) 

Fourth tfivtsion; 

Clark plays 
down win 

Frank Clark, the Orfent manager, 
win tell his FA cop gfrmttiHers to 
-finget Iheir 2-1 victory at OhDum 
Athletic on Monday and cracen- 
trate on promotion. Going_tromust 
be omr wain priority and I M. we 
probably have foe strength in depth 
m opr squad to.niake it,” Oark said 
■ after hra team’s third round win. 

• “Beating Oldham was no fluke. . 
We had to work very hard and we 
had a bit of hick,” park added. 

. Luton Town, . semi-finalists la« 
season, eanud a home fourth round 
tie wifo Bristol Rovers .by winning 
2-1 at Crystal Palace... ~ * .. 

Hall’s Coir win 

A sixth niimifc goal by Roberta 
saw Hull City, of foe secraid 
division,- through to the -FA Cup 
fourth round test night' with a 1-0 
win at Plymooih A*Wie, of the thira 
divition. Hufi will be at home 10 
Brighton and Hove Albion in Jim 
next round. Brian horvou, the Hull 
• player-manager, .was - fonnedy a 
Brightoaplayer. 7 \ 

OIRCR REtuCtte tfeM Mho: WtelCh 
A Doncaster Rows 1; Swans** Ct& 2. 


dOLA LEAOUC QnH«Mn v Not&ricft 

aSmswi iBUffla 

Souttwnptan v Gwwmmgf. te d Ik i dhllwb 
Wj^vMan ; m o stem Cup: focmd 

raSrajS^^M&rSB'Qxfard v ftitedco 
^SaJuiH 0 i^lJS««rEiwster musteK 
Ynoug vWmttegr«dEgij- __V .. 

FA : TOOTH. COP-._ThW rogMfc lOWSl v 
SpSraatTATlvi MATCH: tatetmr MM 

AjtonaTrnAF(BlOW^!^ , w rc « 2 - 1 ^- 

. to toe dobs; which ffid the toast 
to- promote family attendances 
"and to indxvidnals who showed 

. . 4 sooner ’ we find a 

successor to Canon, the better,” 
Williamson said. w It may take a 
substantial: amount of time to 
sort bin- all the. rirraflc Our 
zp^itiations with Littlewoods,. 
who' agreed to put £2 milHon 
into the Mfik Om over the next 
three, years, took three months, 
tor instance, and there would be 
many more facets to this deaL 
“We have already had two 
approaches, -two nibbles that 
were tentative because of the 
situation- We are very confident 
about attracting another spon- 
sor, particularly as a three-year 
deal would isdude the centen- 
ary season in 1988-89. Although 
there may be some re s tr uc tu ri ng 
next season, we would negotiate 
on the basis that there win be 92 

QraTy u rfr Kelly, the. League's 
secretary, -was equally optimis- 
tic about the prospect. “Our 
relationship -with Canon has 
proved to be a very bannonious 
antf mutually beneficial associ- 
ation,” be stud. “It has demon- 
strated the tremendous market- 
ing value of football sponsor- 
ship and the unique oppor- 
tunity that sponsortoip of the 
League championship offers. 

“Naturally, we are disap- 
pointed to lose our link with 
Ctoion but we do not feel that 
this . is a bad reflection on 
footbalL Indeed, it could be said 
that the success of it. in 
achieving its marketing objec- 
tives so soon has brought the 
relationship to a premature 

Big freeze 
Cup ties 

. Tottenham Hotspur's - FA Cup 
third round replay against Oxford 
United kwhs likely to became 
another ..-victim of the severe 
weather. After a snowstorm swept 
White Han Lane yesterday, the FA 
asked a local referee to make an 
inspection of foe pitch at 11-0 this 

■j '‘Everyone's. fir and for whole 
cUrf* .vriU. be training this rooming 
jost mease ...obviousJy wewoold 
rather play, than not, but we would 
like a pitch in good condition,” 
Shreeve surf. 

Tottenham have followed Chel- 
sea in buying! an £ 11,000 plastic 
pitch cover. But the 15 sheets of 
high density polythlene will arrive 
too late to save foe match.. Tbe 
cover, a British invention marketed 
by a Bristol-based company, 
Kerrypak, must be laid when the 
pitch is in good condition. It may 
then be kept down for up to a week 
and. lifted in less then an hour to 
allow a match to go ahead. 

Spurs saw the advantage of the 
tildenet cover when they played at 
Stamford Brings on December 28. . 

If the game does go ahead, Oxford 
expect to be unchanged. Over foe 
weekend,- Leworthy. their recent 
£175,000 signing from Tottenham 
went down with flu, but he trained 
yesterday and his manager, Maurice 
Evans, expects him t& be fit. 

Peter Rhoades-Brown, foe un- 
used sub last Saturday steps down to 

Robson’s plans 
in jeopardy 

Bobby Robson's World Cap plans 
seem certain to be wrecked by foe 
wintry weather which baa played 
havoc with fixtures in this country. 

Robson said: .“This is massively 
dforaptire. I* H.chaos. I was keeping 
my fingers crossed anyway, that 
there wouldn't be too many replays 
to rob me of pla yers, bat the w eather 
h-j'g made everything much, much 
worse. The whole point of foe 
exercise of playing in Egypt was for 
me to ke*p a stable, consistent 
situation with the team as we get 
closer to Mexico.” 

pUay in a reserves match against 
• Swindon Town. 

The new sijb will be either Mark 
Jones, who broke a bone in a foot 
against Spurs in the second match of 
foe season, or 18 year old midfielder 
Sean Reck, who recently returned to 
Manor Road after a three month 
spell ai Newport County. 

' Middlesbrough are using indus- 
trial heaters an attempt lo get their 
pitch fit for' their third round tie 
against Southampton. The referee, 
George Tyson, will m ak e an 
inspection early this morning. 
Middlesbrough have no. injury 





Zimbabwe decision 
postponed with 
B team set to leave 

By Richard Streeton 

:v/< ‘""f 

Marathon woman: Miss Dnrie fought for more than two boors to secure victory. 

Doubles tournament Dune wins 

is on the move 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Hus week's doubles to ornam ent. For the second consecutive year, 
promoted by foe World Champion- the Davis Cup final (December 19 
ship Tennis organization at the to 21) will be played during the 
Albert Hall, is taking place in weekend immediately before Christ- 
Janosry for the last time. The next mas, which is anything" but an ideal 
event, a day shorter, will be tfarg- There will also be renewed 

contested from December 10 to 14. discontent about the data of the 
The change accords with revisions Masters. This event was played in 
to foe fixture Est that wifi assemble December for its first seven years, 
the international circuit’s climactic from 1970 to 1976, and players 
tournaments at the end of a year repeatedly asserted that it was 
There will be no Australian unreasonable to expect them to 
championships ibis Year because the strike peak form so late in the year, 
tournamcntis revetong from foe On foe other hand, November or 
November-December dates of December makes more sense for foe 
recent years to its traditional place Mastere than foe January date 
in January, beginning in 1987. This allocated to the tournament every 
makes impossible to move Madison yew .i?i S J th ^_ was - n0 
Bare Gardens’ showpiece playoff Masters in 1 977). The Masters is an 

always. an illogical date, to 
November 17 to 23. Thie'equiVafent 
men's tournament, the Masters, also 
played at Madison Square Gardens, 
moves from January to December 1 
to 7. 

than a preface. Players may be jaded 
by foe end of the year, but this is foe 
obvious time for a tournament that 
serves as a lap of honour for foe 
most successful players on the year- 
long circuit. 

Ace of diamonds 

By Rex Bellamy 

The European Champions' 
Championship, to be played in 
Antwerp from November 3 to 9, 
wil! have a prize fund of $900,000 - 
about £620,690 (Rex Bellamy 
writes). The tournament " was 
inaugurated in 1982 wifo a prize 
fund of 5700,000 (£482.760), and 
foe cash at stake.has been raised by 
550,000 (£34.483) every year. 

Last November Ivan Lendl won 
foe tournament for foe third time in 
five years, which meant that in 
addition to first prize of £140,000 he 
also won a gold and diamond racket 
valued at almost £500,000. This 

trophy was ottered by a group of 
Antwerp diamond merchants who 
have decided to replace it wifo a 
similar rSket this year. 

The EEC attracted an official 
loud of 141,504 spectators in 
November, foe record attendance 
for an indoor tennis tournament 
played anywhere - and foe fourth 
biggest total in foe world after foe 
Unned States, Wimbledon and foe 
French championships, all of which 
are multi-court, events lasting for 
two weeks as distinct from 
Antwerp's single week on one court. 

a hard 

Washington _ (Reuter) - The 
Americans. Zina Garrison and 
Bonnie Gadusek, foe only two seeds 
to play on foe opening day of a 
women's tournament here on 
Monday, advanced without the loss 
of a set- Jo Dune, of Britain, 
survived a marathon contest with 
the qualifier, Lori McNeil, of foe 
United Slates. 

Miss Garrison, the No 5 seed, a 
semi-finalist here last year, breezed 
past Italy’s No I. RafeeEa Regis, 
6-3. 6-2 despi te trouble wifo her first 

Miss Gad use k, seeded No 7, was 
confident after a 6-1. 6-3 win over 
foe qualifier, Isabelle Demongeol, of 
France. “I’ve really been putting my 

any weaknesses now. 

Miss Durie was locked in a 
straggle wifo Miss McNeil for 137 
minutes. The British No 1 narrowly 
lost the first set in a u e-breaker (7-5) 
but won the second set 6-3, then she 
had to redouble her efforts to 
recover from a 6-5 deficit in foe 
third set and force a second tie- 
breaker, which she won 7-2. 

FIRST ROUND: S GoSes (Yun) tit C Kuhkntn 
(US) 7-5. 6-<fc B Os&usek (USfbt I Domongoca 

The England B team leave 
London tonight for Sri Lanka still 
not knowing whether they will be 
able to play in Zimbabwe in late 
February and March. A meeting of 
the Zimbabwe Sport and Recreation 
Council, the government body 
responsible for approving visits by 
overseas teams, was due to have 
decided England's fete today. 
Several council members, however, 
were unable to attend and the 
meeting has bom put back until 
next week. 

Peter Lush, foe England B team 
manager, said: “It would have been 
nice to have known where wc stand, 
but it does not greatly alter anything 
else at this stage. We are looking 
forward to our cricket in Sri Lanka 
immensely.” Tomorrow England 
arrive in Colombo, w he r e an 
additional three-day match, against 
Sri Lankan Colts, has been arranged 
to start on Sunday. 

It will be the second lime in six 
days that the England B players 
have gathered at Heathrow to leave 
on iheir controversial tour. Four 
hours before their plane was due to 
depart for Bangladesh Iasi Thurs- 
day. the Test and County Cricket 
Board cancelled iheir fixtures there 
after the Bangladesh government 
had objected to the inclusion of four 
players wnb South African li»i« 

Asked if he fell foe players would 
be in subdued mood following the 

TCCB door 
ajar on 

Alvin Kallichanan (right). War- 
wickshire's former West Indies Test 
batsman, who also plays in South 
Africa with “honorary white” 
status, bad a request to be 
reclassified as an English cricketer 
turned down yesterday by the Test 
and County Cricket Board (Richard 
Streeton writes). KaUicharran has 
been a British citizen for li years 
but Iasi played official Test cricket 
for West Indies five years ago this 
week. The board's registrations’ 
committee ruled that he must 
remain classified as an overseas 

Under existing TCCB rules 
Kanicharran would need to be out 
of internatioDal cricket for 10 years 
to become qualified as English. 
KaUicharran’ s submission, which 
was put by Warwickshire's team 
manager, David Brown, stressed 
that be bad been a British citizen 
since 1975. He also had no further 
prospect of Test cricket as he was 
now banned for lifcby West Indies 
for having played in South Africa. 

The board's statement said they 
had "considerable sympathy” for 
KaUicharran but would be unjusti- 
fied in treating him as a special case. 
The registrations’ committee, how- 
ever. -would be asking the board’s 
ftill meeting in March whether they 
unshed to give special consideration 
to reducing the 10 -year qualification 

The Board, conscious of the 
possibility of being sued under the 
restraint of trade laws, have left foe 
door ajar for KaUicharran, who 

recent, political furore, Mark 
Nicholas, the captain, said: “Quite 
the apposite. The blood is conrans 
and we are all doubly excited." 

Meanwhile, in Harare the 
prospects of foe Zimbabwe council 
approving England's tour did not 
look good. Tobaiwa Mndede, the 
council's chairman reiterated that it 
was necessary for foe players with 
South African links u> denounce 
aperfoied and their declarations had 
to lx: approved by the United 
Nations, the Organization for 
African Unity and the London- 
based South African Non-Radal 
Olympic Committee. 

Political observers believe that 
Bangladesh's action has left Zim- 
babwe. one of South Africa's most 
vociferous critics, in a difficult 
position, despite the known support 
for cricket of the prime minister, 

Robert Mugabe. “The political will 
is now on os to take a harder line 
than we have up to now,” one 
government official said. 

A nqw development yesterdav 
was a suggestion in New Delhi by 
Madhavrao Scindia. the vict-ptKi- 
dem of foe Indian Cricket Board, 
that an India B team could be found 
to take over England's programme. 
He said that no Levitation had been 
received yet from Zimbabwe, but 
added: “We will look favourably os 
such an invitation.” 


Ifesllii**" -*r 

must iccl be has not yet lost bis case. 
He was seeking English sums ai 
insurance against Warwickshire 
bolstering iheir weak attack with a 
leading overseas last bov.ler next 
season. Wifo Anton Ferreira, the 
South African all-rounder, also on 
foe Edgbaston staff one of the 
overseas trio would have to sued 
down regularly. 

KaUicharran. an attractive left- 
hander, has been the mainstay of 
Warwickshire's hotting, with Dcr.ris 
Amiss, since 1971. His career began 
wifo Guyana and he has also ployed 
for Queensland, 

University cfoaHenge 

Port Elisabeth (Renter! - The South 
African Universities XI had scored 
41 for one in their second innings at 
dose of play on the second day of 
their three-day match aeaisr the 
rebel Australian cricketers vcstcr- 

Scores: South Afr.cen U.v.warss Xl 2T9 frr 
nine deemed and 41 ter onoAuiir^rei Xl KU 
(M D Taytor 43. la □ He»anon 40, U A 
Mattuwn 4-47. 

(US) 7-5. S-0: B adoisek (USfit l Demongaot 
(Fn 6-1. 64U Durie (Gffl W L McWaS (US) 6-7, 
M. 7-6; Z Garrison (US) t»f R Boggi (ft) M. 6- 

Indians unaffected by hero worship 

Country which plays 

Edgbaston Cup wmwi pid: 

receives^ I to win with a smiii 


Czechs meet in Garden 

Monday’s results 

FA CUfe TIM round: Crystal Pataca 1, Luton 
Town' it OWhan AWaHs t, Orient 2. 

GOLA LEAGUE: DedMiham 0 WaaktetoneZ 
FA TROPHY: Mnmli Bangor (Sty 1, 
WHenhalO. . 

SOUTHERN LEAQU&BHfOaBaw Cup, aaoeod 
rcaiite rao^Stffouy I.TtowMdgft 4. 

FA YOUTH CUP: TSM roun* FdtiarB 1, 
Bournemouth (L 



pmmitti FC; Sperringr setett Stars v 
hZZTeot BmAnaT rinttte Wrtara 
cjBS. Lriraatar v London Doefctende, Qyatai 


CLUB WATgfgft-.QteWOiIil te! 1 . Wgd« *» JL 
Mddtapax v QuMMhnd W 

vtidnesv Warrington 

World Protj Mte ona l . 
Lata Ida dub, AftnJoy 

TOMS: Mazda Cam WT Wortd . Douta (at 
SN00f!E& MwoanflUr *a* Cfctaak fat 

New York (Reuter) - The top 
seAI, Ivan Lendl, wifi play Tomas 
Sraid and the No 2 seed, John 
McEnroe, will face Brad Gilbert in 
foe first round of the Masters 
tournament next week. 

Lendl foe US Open champion 
and the Masters winner in 1982 and 
1983, has won nine matches and 
lost only one against his fellow 
Czechoslovak,- winning foe. last 
seven .meetings. McEnroe, the 
defending champion, has triumphed 
on aO seven occasions against his 
fellow American, Gilbert, who is 
plaving m his first Masters. 

: On the opening day of the 
tournament at Madison Square 
Garden, January 14, foe No 3 seed, 
j Mats Wfiander, of Sweden, will face 
foe American, Scott Davis, and the 


$ 26 mplanto 
unify title 

New York (NYT) Home Box 
Office, foe pay-cable television 
■service, have proposed a 526 
million deal that could lead to a 
unified heavyweight ebampionship. 

Jf completed, foe arrangement 
could scuttle a match between 
Michael Spinks, foe International 
Boxing Federation heavyweight 
champion, and Gerry Cooney that 
would have been held in mid-April, 
and instead fink Spinks’s promoter i 
Butch Lewis, and Don King as 
partners in a multi-contest package 
on HBO. 

Neither the Cooney-Spinks match 
nor foe unification proposal has 
been signed, but HBO appear close 
to securing an arrangement wifo 
Lewis and King that would give 
them the rights to foe live. showing 
of a series of seven, or possibly 
eight, heavyweight championship 

The series would end wifo a 
match between foe World Boxing 
Association .and World Boxing 
Council champio ns in January 


SCOTIANS): CatagcHK Upp«f MWlSto 

driHnaTLewar stoats: Ampte masary teta 
herd pseksd snowdrtftlng. Vettktei rucw 700 
test wiwh Mato rota .moderate snow. 

No 4 seed, Jimmy Connors, of the 
United Slates, will open his 
eleventh Masters aga in st Henri 
Laconic of France. Stelan Edbeig, of 
Sweden, will play Johan Kriek, of 
foe United States, and Boris Becker, 
of West Germany, will make his 
Masters debut against Paul Anna- 
cone of the United Slates. 

The Lendl and McEnroe matches, 
an all-Swedish contest between 
Anders Jarryd and Joakirn Nys- 
irom. and a meeting of Yannick 
Noah, of France, and foe American, 
Tim Mayotte, are scheduled for next 

Lendl and Connors are seeded to 
meet in foe semi-finals, with 
Wilander and McEnroe in foe other 
half of foe draw. 

The pre-Wimbledon rr omen's 
tournament at Edgbaston has a 
sponsor for the first time . The Lawn 
Tennis Association announced 
yesterday that the Dow Chemical 
Company will finance the Edgbaston 
Cap, to be staged at foe Priory Qnb 
from Jnne 9 to 15, with n prize fund 
of almost £90,030. 

The LTA, who last year 
encouraged POJtington Glass to pot 
£1404100 prize-money into foe 
Women's tournament at Eastbonrne, 
have spent four years looking for a 
sponsor for Edgbaston. 

The tournament, financ i a l l y 
supported in the past by the LTA 
and profits from Wimbledon, has 
always attracted a top-class field. 
Bflly Jean King won foe title in 19S2 
and 1983 and Pam Shriver has been 
the champion for the last two years. 

However, tack of television 
coverage, mainly because due 
tournament dashes wifo a men’s 
event in London, has always 
deferred possible sponsors. The 
LTA has now introduced five new 
sponsors to the sport over the last 


Mountj oy through as 
foul fells Foulds 

By Sydney Frisian 

-SQUASH rackets Bfaa Bend international 
CaruWnga unwKSHj v M3*»nrw«iL 

tuns, rawer stepMt 
HartHactad snow on • 1 '32J"££ 
nnrTlOOtete. W rota: Cta. Mari rostfec 
Ctar. Snawtowt.iaoo teat. Gleashea: tipper 
nasi Rm eanpton - but narrow new snow 


reeds: Cigar. Main matte Ctar. Snow wvet 
toco feet 

Doug Mourn joy, whose last 
appearance in an important final 
was 12 months ago when he lost to 
Cliff Thorbum in foe Masters 
tournament ai Wembley put himself 
in the semi-finals of foe Mercantile 
Credit Classic at Warrington 
yesterday with a 5-3 victory over 
Neal Foulds. The match ended 
dramatically wifo an in-off by 
Foulds on the re-spotted black. 

Foulds had led 334 in ibis 
eventful eighth frame, but after a 
tantalizi ng period of changing 
fortunes, foe scores were tied at 43- 
afl. They were level again at 54-54 
after Foulds had firwl home an 
astonishing shot on foe black bail, 
only to lose the frame and foe match 
in foe manner he did. He had every 
chance of levelling ax lour frames 
all. Curiously enough, both players 
failed wifo foe re-spotted black from 
feasible positions. 

A little earlier there was even 
more excitement when Foulds 
came back into the match with a 
break of 67 to cut the lead to 3-2, 
only for Mountjoy to draw 4-2 
ahead with a clearance break of 103. 
This was his second century break 
of the tournament. The first was 
against Bill Wefbeniuk in foe fifth 
round. Then a break of 49 enabled 
Foulds to reduce the lead to 4-3, but 
that was foe end of him, and he 
expressed his disappointment at 
having missed the crucial black ball 
in the eighth frame. 

Foulds made, early mistakes 
which cost him foe first two frames. 
There followed an astonishing third 

frame which Mountfoy lost after he 
had led 55-0. Only eight reds were 
left when Foukis began a counter- 
offensive with a break of SO. But up 
to the interval, Mounqoy had been 
scoring more consistently, having 
made breaks of 44. 31, 47 and 36 on 
his way to a 3-1 lead. 

There is much interest in 
tonight's quarter-final between Rex 
■ Willi am*, foe chairman of the 
World Professional Billiards and 
Snooker Association, and Alex 
Higgins- who has reached foe last 
eight stage of an open tournament 
for foe firet time this season. 

Williams, aged 52, is a former 
world biGiards champion, and has 
twice reached the semi-finals of foe 
world snooker championship - in 
1972 and 1974. In foe 1972 semi- 
finals, Higgins beat him 31-30, and 
went on to win the title for foe first 

They have met one another four 
limes so far, foe score standing at 3- 
1 in favour of Higgles, who at their 
last meeting in the second round of 
foe UK championship in 1984 beat 
Williams 9-7. There 1 is little doubt 
that foe crowd’s sympathies tonight 
wiH be with Higgins, whose personal' 
problems have seriously affected his 
game. His supporters’ hopes were, 
however, revived by his 5*4 victory 
over foe world, champion, Dennis 
Taylor, in foe fifth round. 

Qu tt BBMtoafc O MounHoy M N Fotta 6-3. 
Frew mow (MounSoy fcfflt 83-32, 5S47, 
5tB0, 84-ID, 40-101, 108-22. 42-81 . 61-54. 

MoHtoy*s IWi made J White oc JU Gauvruy 
(Can) 6-2. Frama scores (Whin first): 117-0. 
98-11. 16-74. 69-31, 23-64. BCM7, 6*40. 

The Australian cricket Sel ect ors 
nay think they have troubles, bat 
those of their fastest rivals, the 
Indiana, are on a different plane; not 
Co mention plains - higher, wider 
and farther apart across the great 
sub-continent than is conducive for 
cricketing conunmucations. 

Australians at least speak the 
same language, abrasively at times 
bat still comprehensive to the 
average batsman in the street. In 
India 730 million people speak two 
official languages. Indian ami 
English, piss 15 others and over 720 
attendant dialects. The religions 
community is snnflarty fractured 
between Hind ns, Muslims Chris- 
tians and Sikhs, ail of whom 
represented in the Ind i a n Test side. 

“Quite simply”, said James 
Venkatanuniah, a long-time ob- 
server and fan of the Indian team, if 
yon go into the locker room yon can 
see that although they all play for 
their country, they are not really 
connected with each other. They do 
not speak a common language.” 

It is interesting therefore that this 
disparate squad should have accrued 
the uncommon skills to take the 
Australians closer to their fifth 
successive Test defeat than the 
locals care to consider. Only the rain 
prevented a manfing in Melbourne, 
and at the Sydney cricket gronnd 
last weekend India's monumental 
first innings total of 600 for Fear 
declared was gradually chipped and 
whittled towards a draw but only at 
the expense of a follow-on. 

The feeble, or foihled, nature of 
Australia's current Test crop is 
endlessly dissected. By contrast, the 
Indians have tended to remain a 
collective bane in Australia, but 
individually anonymous. 

“The trouble is,” said Raja 
KnlkarnL the young medium pace 
bowler, “That Kirnwini is the only 
one of onr players yon can recognize 
easily.” Syed Ki r m a n i, the little, 
bald and sometimes be-wigged 
veteran wicketkeeper for the Indians 
does indeed stand out among his 
tall, dashing and dark-mo ust&ctaed 
colleagues, which has not necess- 
arily done his film career any harm. 

The Hindi film industry in India 
has long since discovered foe value 
of adding cricketers to their easts, 
thereby elevating the players from 
local heroes to national demi-gods. 
The highest scoring Test batsman of 
all-time SnnD Gavaskar (166 not put 
in Adelaide, 172 in Sydney and one 
big determination. to enter politics 
when be retires) has opened not only 
for the Test team bet ateo at cinemas 
round foe coontry where he has been 
sl fomiliiir star of the silrtr screen. 

Kirmani is habitually a bad guy. 
India's answer to Peter Lorre, and a 
total distortion of his friendly real- 
life self. He is even land to his 
mother-in-law. Throughout the 
series he has worn a tattered piece of 
pink string round his wrist. “My 
mother and my mother-in-law gave 
it to me for my safe retarn,” he 
explained. Tm not su per Mi tili oaa 
hot it makes them feel belter." 

Erudite in six languages and a 
manager at the state bank of India, 
he phUosphkafiy regrets foe 
pressures of Indian, bexo-worah!p. 
-There is too much tdotam in our 


Sue Mott 

country. We can't go into public 
places because we are pointed out 
for autographs and questions. Or 
sometimes people just want to (ouch 
ns. U is incredible. We are treated 
like gods.” 

There the similarity to John 
McEnroe ends. The Indians' on- 
field department and nff-fieid 
gentlemanly conduct has attracted 
heartfelt commendation from fans. 

“There is such a thing as 
diplomacy,” said Kirmani. “We all 
learn to be ambassadors no matter 
what we are like as individuals. And 
without being egotistical, I would 
say we are very well behaved from 
what I have observed of foe rest of 
the teams. We are always generocs 
in onr approach towards fans. We 
tend to be very qoiet.” 

According to Venkataramlah such 
immaculate behaviour steins from 
the np bringing of the primarily 
upper-class Indian cricketers. "They 
are nsed to strict discipline, rules 
and regulations,” be said. “We hate 
to admit it but that Is foe effect of 
the old British culture on onr 

Good maimers, however, were not 
remotely in evidence when Krisfana- 
nmchari, Srtkfcanth destroyed his 
hosts' bowling party with a savage 
and extravagantly-stroked century, 
one of the fastest in contemporary 
Test cricket from just 97 balls. But 
the 26-year-old opening batsman 
with a first -class electrical engineer- 
ing degree from Madras University 
was polite enough to say f lunk you. 
Not, though, to the Australian 
bowlers hot to foe Brahmin sun god, 
Adzfhysa, to whom be addressed his 
silent dedication before be ad- 
dressed each balL “I am very 
superstitions,” he said. (In fact, his 
name was Srikkant without foe final 
H until his nmnerologisi suggested 
nine was his lucky number). “I look 
at the son every ball because I 
believe Adithyaa is very powerful 
and very good for ns. It fa where we 
get onr energy and strength.” 

This was new to the Australian 
public, who look to the sen for 
nothing more compEcated than tans. 
They touted to be rather sceptical of 
Srikkanfo’s rinims mtH another 
Australian collapse on foe fifth day 
of foe Test this. week. Border was 
out twice in one day - enough to 
yaltf superstition suddenly seem 
less ridicule ns. But, in return, India 
is westernizing fast In foe opinion of 
Kirmani. “In attitudes, beharioar 
and television we are becoming a 
m uch more cosmopolitan nation,” be 
said, a case in point with a nickname 
like Kcjak. 

And yet, there are some of the 
Western ways that the Indians will 
never adopt. “I Just don’t know bow 
yon can est jronr entries so hot,” said 
Rajinder Singh Ghal, the Sikh 
medium fast bowler from Punjab. 
"It's the game in Australia and 
England- I've never beat able to eat 
one of those vindaloos in my life.” 



France choose Dubroca 

as their captain and 
hooker at Murrayfield 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Daniel Dubroca, the 31-year- bero was expected to challenge 26-13, and the Scots will have a 

old Agen captain, will lead for the vacancy at stand-off but healthy respect for his talent. 
France into the Five Nations his form for BSzicrs has fallen They may discover a new 
championship this season, away lately and Laporte, capped respect for Champ, the flanker 
against Scotland at Murrayfield six times in 1981 but not since, who confirmed an already 
on January 18. in succession to has been paired with Jerome bright reputation with his play 
the injured Phillipe Dintrans. Gabion. in Argentina during the sum- 

He also succeeds Dintrans as The brilliant Denis Charvet, men He is a ball-winner at the 
hooker, after winning bis who played against Oxford lineout and a dynamic presence 
previous io caps at prop University for M^jor R. V. in the loose, and his enthusiasm 
forward though, like so many Stanley's XV in November, is is linked to the dependable and* 
French players, he has the also injured so Chadebech. who experienced qualities of Jean- 



reputation of a versatile player played, against Argentina and LucJoinel. 
who has appeared in the second Romania three years ago and — . 

Romania three years ago and 

1°?. No S - deSp ' K Us B 

of inches. 

SSSm played his last SK. *2?!=* 


international against Argentina Phillipe Sella. -v** — % — “ ““" 

last summer, when the French Lafond. of Racing Club de 
levelled the two-match series Paris, made a 10-minute ap- 

but he is one of the few players pearance as a replacement a *2™“* “ « 

who have been retained since against Australia in 1983 but jH* 

then. The French selectors have has been kept out of his normal S^dand, m 1 

made 10 changes, one of them position at fiill back by the ff 5011 °L 1 I t ?i 4 ’ v22f5 

positional, since that game in consistency of Seige Blanco. ™ re Pe^^es than lineout 

Buenos Aires, and also seven Now. however, Lafond is ““r: , . . . . n; 

from the side that beat Wales in picked on the right wing to the Dubnxa is a mature, m tel li- 

the final championship match exclusion of Patrice Lagisquet P"*yer b ut “ e “ as * 
of the 1984-85 season. v and. moreover, on thTirolnd 5“*" *? carry he has to hold 

but it remains to be seen how 


more penalties than lineout 

Dubroca is a mature, intelli- 

Despite all the change, onlv where he made such an unpact „ . . 

one member of the team is a for the Barbarians in 1983, tt ? h * 1 * m aeai ns !Lj Pr ^?*I?r 

new cap, Phillipe Marocco, of when Scotland celebrated the 

Montferrand, coming in to prop opening of their new East Stand. s iSrotiand s jean “ due 

Dubroca. However, three other Lafond was a try-scorer that ° announced today*. He has 
players will be making their day, when the Barbarians won }° satoer up reins or 

bow in the chamnionsbro: Jean- . . leadership, away from home, x»f 

and. moreover, on ihe^ound ^ en l ? car ^ e .^ s }° . h ° ld 
where he made such an impact his ov ™ “ a Poston 

Montferrand, coming in to prop opening of their new East Stand. 
Dubroca. However, three other Lafond was a try-scorer that 

bow in the championship: Jean- 
Baptist e Lafond on the right 
wing. Pierre Chadebech (Brive) 
in the centre and Eric Champ 
(Toulon) in the back row. 

There are recalls too for a 
pair of veterans, Guy Laporle, 
of Graulhet, now 33. who plays 
stand-off half, and Francis 
Haget, the 36-year-old Biarritz 
lock who has retired at least 
twice from international rugby, 
only for his number to come up 
with a frequency he would not 
have expected during his career 
as a croupier in a casino. 

Three of the changes were 
dictated by injuries to Dintrans, 
Didier Codomiou (centre) and 
Jean -Pa trick Lescarboura 

(stand-off). Didier • Cambera- 

a side showing a great number 
of changes; and he has to take 
over the role of scrum hal- 
f/sweeper to which French 
hookers are doomed under the 
policy adopted by Jacques 
Fouroux. the coach, where the 
scrum half throws in at the 

Laporte: back In favour after five-year absence 

FRANCE (v Scotland, Murrayfield, 
January 18): S Blanco (Biarritz); J-P 
Lafond (Racing Club), P Seda (Aden), P 
Chadebech (brive). P EstAve (Nar- 
bonna): G Laporte (GrauhetL J Gaffion 
(Toulon); P Marocco (Montferrand), D 
Dubroca (Agen, captain], J-P Garnet 
(Lourdes), J Gratton (Agen). F Haget 
(Biarritz), J Condom (La BoucauL E 
Champ (ToutonL J-L JoJnet (Bnce). 
Replacements: B Herrero (Toulon), P 

From Ivo Tennant, Cape Town 

The British Lions tour of South 
Africa may yet go ahead this year. 

Ondarts (Biarritz), J-C Orao (Nice). P according to one of the leading 

Dubroca: versatile 

Bertrizier (Agen). E Bonne val (Tou- 
louse), M Saflefranque (Dax). 

South African exodus could 
follow Louw and Mordt 

Suydom, formerly on the South 
African Rugby Board and now an 
international referee, said after 

meeting with Dr Danie Craven, the an overwhelming success. 

From Paul Martin, Cape Town 

Amidst a barrage of criticism and Africa "politics and rugby are the game is being run here. In a 

board's president, that the issue of 
another invitation was dependent 
on what happened politically in 
South Africa. 

“There is still a chance the tour 
will take place, and I would 
speculate that a vote by the four 
home unions would go in our 

Muia^b vi *■ ‘ * mvjjiii uiiu .-111 iva pvnuvo aiiu t uguj at w inw u wliiij, ■ mu uv>v. im 0 »• ^ p , U L Jf j 1 m 

accusation directed against Soulh intertwined", and that Afrikaner front page “exclusive*' interview Tavour ; btrydoni. who handled last 
Africa’s Rugby Union adminis- pride would be damaged by mass with the Afrikaans weekly news- ^ ason * . bcotland-Ireland and 

France- Wales matches said. “If the 
Lions do not come we would be 

nation, the two leading South defections. Indeed, he is not paper. Rapport', headlined “Kick in j’rance-waies maicnes said. 
African Internationals who began opposed to those who have put teeth for rugby bosses", Louw and ~ lons not come we we 
Rugby League careers with Wigan political pressure on South Africa Mordt claim Soulh African rugby to have ihe Australians, 
last weekend, have warned of an through rugby. administrators have lost touch with , „ Pe °P le ^ me why we 

Rugby League careers with Wigan political pressure on South Africa 
last weekend, have warned of an through rugby. 

exodus from the amateur ranks by 
their disenchanted fellow-players. 

administrators have lost touch with . “ Pe °P[ e ask me why we not 
the players, arrogantly act in their ™N? w t the South African Cncket 

Rob Louw, the Springbok loose a this wrekend’s Ben^, n and 

HedSs fiS? In^wbich TSrdfto 

?lL W n I’CT fij cxpwted to pfay, Louw said it would 

itoLSJSSJrf be “ hunftl1 and unfair" to pick the 

already contacted him for advice on tivrt c nri n 0 h«ir« *= Th«, 

Mttzsssz SSF™ 

SSHH ISkm jmSffflLfc* - 

wbiervleiice u> sporuora and rivalry 

aireaay comaciea mm iotmivir on WQ Springboks as targets. Thev amon B Provices are cans 
SL 1 9 m ^ ^unch opponents of S^iodedmc and dreout 

teams tn Britain. Altogether. an artheid_ he maintained There us a time bomb 

between 20 and 30 leading players aP ?S5SlSd £ SS wiltina and ^der rugby." said both 
in South Africa had phoned him indeed cacer to sien anv declaration “and unless there is a radica 
during the few r ^.he had been in SSSSC ZSSff£fSSZ administration and a « 
^!_ r _ slgnmg bis OW71 demanded of him. He felt it was ^ 01 * ^players, that boi 

among pro vices are causing the are 8°’ n 8 00 *® stick to our 
game to decline and die out. amateur principles. The state of the 

"Them »« 3 time bomb tit-kim, rand is such that we would need one 

"There us a time bomb ticking rana ,5 . s . ucn ^ «« "oum need one 
under rugby." said both players, or two big gates i tq ensure a tour here 

“and unless there is a radical change *?* top sides 

MWiuaiiuw* 1 UIIU. A is IVH lb vaa • % W 

"SA-Pli- SttSSSEiESS ^ "Me-. n,6by union 

tt,o» nbTpubUdy opposed nium- ^ niSESSL 1 !! 

in administration and a bigger say 
for the players, that bomb will 

South Africa's rugby union 

in South Africa will fill the test 

of Besides, what is there to keep the 
ml best rugby players in the game if the 
in .All Blaus and the Lions do not 
lour? "The game here win never 
lur turn professions unless another 
ild organization entices the players 
iur away." Suydom said. "And that 
>ur organization will not be Rugby 
1st League." 

ad The game here is confident about 
he its future. Western Province RU are 
be building a new stand at Nevdands in 
place of the old Soulh Stand- The 
ot cost if 10 million rand (about £3 
st million). The international ground 
it in Durban is to have a grandstand 
he opened shortly. That and the one at 
of Johannesburg, which celebrates its 
centenary this year, are to stage 
n) matches against invitation sides, 
ur Many South Africans believe that 
he more players will follow Ray Mordt 
ne and Rob Louw into British rugby 
re league. Strydom disagrees. "We may 
es lose five or six but that will not 
st affect rugby union much. There are 
still plenty of stars." 

and receiving large under-the-table 
payments. Mordt said he retrieved 

uncompromising tackling suited the rlu attitude is in marked contrast t h e equivalent of £7,000 last year 
requirements of the British game. 10 . Zola Budd, who has while Louw was paid "considerably 

He expected three Springboks to be steadfastly argued that acceding to more”. Some get as much as 
signed within the month and many “ivwra demand for ananu -apart- f 13,000 annually, they said, 
more to follow next season. There heid declaration woum simply open The players have to resort 10 
would certainly be many more th® way for escalating political subterfuge to obtain their illicit 
applicants than British Rugby demands ofber. rewards, which is bad for morale 

League clubs could accommodate, ® ut Louw. speaking before he 3n< j[ an impossible strain on them 
he said. flew to Wigan last week — on and the game, the two men claimed. 

Meanwhile, a battle of increasing condition that these, remarks be . •_ fnr . 

bitterness has been fought over the published only after his first match ~ hc ^■ bc Jf solull °" s „!? r 
defSSo of Louw and Se - commended Peter Hain for the un,on 10 become a P roress,ona] 

Sorinabok winger. Rav Mordt. An demonstrations and campaign E 3 ?,?: . . . . 

effort 8 !* obviously being made to against the last Springbok tourtn at ihTeam^hS 

deter others from following suit. the late Sixties, and subsequent 

Appeals .0 patriotism, accu- nStaf bv'pow SSTS?!^. ^ iStalJS 

done a great de^m'ptomote 'multi- iS 2SL“Sl. ? It! 

Queensland bolstered by 
six internationals 

By David Hands 

subSrfu^tT oblain iheTTillicft Sm wFSS* 

rewards, which is bad for morale 

Andy McIntyre, a member of the thought and action which have been 
immensely powerful Australian bis haftmark in Brisbane. 

front row upon which so much of Queensland, whose tour had been 
last season's grand slam success was supported by Gastlemaine XXXX, 

based, will captain Queensland in 
the second match of their European 
tour, against Middlesex ax the 
Wasps ground this evening. He is 
one of six internationals against 

the lager company, have also 
encountered high-flying entertain- 
ment off the field. The Nai West 
Bank , who have strong connections 
with Middlesex and whose rugby 

three fielded by Middlesex, last club celebrates its centenary this 

season's county champions. 

Alongside him McIntyre will 
have Tom Lawton, the grand slam 
hooker, whose younger brother. 

season, entertained than in their 
600-feet high tower block on 
Monday, while expressing the hope 
that the county team would bring 

rigours and physical dangers of rac jal sport and. in so doing, had belter the rugby we play .will be. the Rob, completes the state side's front the touring team down to earth. 

Hliohtf I PRCrilP nova Iwn mmnina/1 * _ - . - L* 1 tkai rmrTiinrr Wall TKimi — 1 0_ i_.1. . mm _ .. 

RugWLtagu^ have been combined advanced the political process as happier die spectators will 

with further financial inducements wdK the ludicrous anlmosit.v between capped against FJi in 1984, wiU talents of Wasps and Harlequins, 

to leading playen in an effort to um 2 n and lea « ue 001,111 also dl « P rove a substantial obstacle in the the two • dubs who were at 

keep them home.. To some extent. He had himself taken part in ou t . lineout and Queensland's inter- loecerheads over the blavinz of their 

the carrotand stick approach has «*Ji ‘V chnin in which white and Louw believed ihai the days of national complement is made up by <£h rdnlrri fixture tasfl Sanuday, and 
worked. The biggest prize of all bi ?f;k schoolduklreo Irarned the amateur rugby are numbered. He is three experienced backs, Moon, have also chosen Anderson, from 

would have been Danic Gerber, the skills ot the. game together, often convinced that after the 1987 world Grigg and Lynagh. 1 nnrfnn iri«h ™> ih^ n? win» 

te. Then row. CampbeU, the 6ft 8 in lock Middlesex combine the disparate 

Springbok centre, who has scored 12 despite initial opposition from 
tries in 13 internationals. He is conservative white parents and 

reliance on 

The tour management want to Anderson, who played in Ireland’s 

mes in lj internationals. He is conservative wnite parents ana sponsorship and massive worldwide give every member of the squad a mal at the weekend, will be able to 

==SSL?fM!L!sfJSS? -4SBSMi-SB 

government's Department of Sport, accepted that Soulh African rugby go professional will mount. "Even tour, hence the absence of the tour u, expect from the Australians. 
inH i nr i»>< nn could exDect no further inter- .1. .a c i.-v. ? 1 £.,1 1 _ . . “F- 1 J LV U1 ^usuaiums. 

and having a home and car laid on, 
he has declined offers from St 
Helens and others. 

Aside from the pressures and the 
financial inducements, Louw feels 
there is another constraint on 

nrUrT ^ ^ Eti^ish and captain and foil back Gould, who whom he wOl encounter a p,; n at 

national competition unless apart- Scottish rugby unions will have to has stepped down, and the presence Ravenhill next Tuesdav 

.« Ui. lighi". Louw added. ofMarri. - A*™ 

Louw and Mordt believe their 

matches against World XV teams views are gaining ground even i 

of Martin. ibdolese 

The management was pleased at jL®"*" 
the speed with which the team BM?*Sh!ri 

players tike Gerber. “Many of the nation-versus-nauoncompetitions. 

this. year were not substitute for south Africa. 10 judge from the high settled 10 beat Kent on Sunday and 
nation-versus-nntmn comoetitions. i-.—i n r — < u <v 

staunch Afrikaner Springboks fear 
living in a country where the 
culture, people and weather are so 
different will be too big a change for 
them”, be says. 

Louw accepts fully that in South 

forward to watching 
ir 20-year-old scrum 

KIDOLES&X: N Stringer (Wasps); R Andanoa 
(London Maid, R Canto (Waap*). A 
Thompson (HartboAis). A D«nt (Hartoqu&w); Q 
Rut* (Harrow sdxwl). J Cuflan (Vlteap^; P 
Cwtto (HartaqubaL J Otor (Hai1aciuh«4. M 
Hotalay (po*«rtn5..K Mm (Whsp*). C 


n anon- versus-natioa competitions, level of support they had received are looking forward to watching Hofctoy (Cwnuyj, K Mm (WwprtjC 

Without real international com- from the man-in-the-streeL "In Slattery, their 20-year-old scrum S3SS ir * r S^ T .. 1 ( nt n* > jL l 1 ^ 

petition, the flow of Springboks to fact", said Louw, don't be suprised half , p er form today. He has been (Hnrtoqufcn). ' ” ps '’ - •*«*•** 

rugby league was inevitable, he said, if you see me back in South Africa burdened with the tag of "the next oueeiulmd: g Martin; B Moon, a Herbert, 
Louw and Mordt have spoken of within the next couple of years, Ken Catch pole” and, if conditions . M Coofc. p Grtga; “ L EJS® h ’ * SSSEF R 
deep disenchantment among most playing rugby union professionally remain wet and cold, may find 

ImHIiw «th Ihn .mo Jnrim ilw nnhu !««■* nftiHuni" 1 ’ Ti.. rugnnnumo. w, uwnpooe. J WW, 

G Martfti; B Moon. A Herbert. 

leading rugby playen with the way during the rugby league off-season”, difficulty displaying the speed of GHn 

Referee; A Trigg [London). 

David Hands reviews recent rugby publications 


Prohm out 
in cold 

rWs America’s Cnpgamble 

The yachtsman wli 
burnt his boats 
to join the Grasadi 

fill' 0 


r tfi^ 

By Keith Macklin . qiris -Lav, who hopes to he - 

Hie weather has inflicted a competing in his fifth Olympic 
particular cruel How on Hull Sanies in SeooL is. waking a 


nighiTs league game between challenge in Australia than c ut - ‘ . 

Castleford and Hull KRnroansfoM Savary in promoti^ ^ ssenOt)* two exnl 

rnf^theJahn PSiiver Snarial Trorbv Law is selKng l«S hffiase, his ,og2. With CrtSi Ha *ml rJr 

Zealand international c e n t re . Gar y 
1 Prohm, The postponement of last 
night's league game between 

r DAVID 1 


mis the John Fiaya Special Trophy 
final with Wigan at EUand Road, 

final with Wigan, at EUand Road, 
Leeds, on Saturday. 

However, fine could even the 
score at this week’s meeting of die 
disciplinary committee- Due to 
appear before .them is the Wigan 

and backing the liRW campa^ weeks with the Victory satad il 
Law is selfin* Ms fcoase, his l982 . With Crebbia and fw.-h 
boat' -and Ms Porsche and » 4^*4, estotWislieA l^ ri 

rel inq uis hi n g a salesman s sal- did net see s rate for hfcnseif ' 

I ary substantially beer than that 
I for which Lord Gown* refused 

to continue as Arts Minister in be 

Then, is the spring of 

hooka; Nidcy Kiss, following a I to Harry Cadmore's Lymingtoa Cup, beati» alfth* ? 

recent sending off and if be is I j Um 

recent sending off and ff he is 
suspended he will also miss die 

Desphe the freezing conditions in 

squad in Perth month. 

top hrlmsmm hafiUbi* Bo-- ? 
hand, the skipper of AastraB* v 
n. and Cndmoce. Soon ^ Z 

Despite ihe freezing conditions in Cod more and Law withdrew n. and Cndmote. $oin 
the north, which show no 'signs of ^ Savary’ssqoad because Savary was hammering onth*- i 
S4i 3 5 1 S ,S ^ad! ie s iiiS a ^ an d ot mounting dissentioa. and door again . On c ondMoa of*^ 
has underground heating. mdeixma, over who was to steer one-year c tntnit from de ■ 
League officials are expecting an Victory *83. The chaQesgers' Savary, Law took leave of •? 
anendanre ^pro aching 20, 000 :fb r ^htTmari nn series begins next Olivetti and mead to Newport "•*' 

Carter «nd 1m*, J» eoij tedb»rer 

tne maicn uciwccn me i»vu wucul „ . . T j- 

fonn side in Rugby League. There October and ™ “ 

is a strong possibility that following staking .his career, his family 

the successful debut of the South stability and his sailing repn- 
African. Ray Mordt, last Sunday, he 

will be drafted into the squad for : 
Saturday’s game. 

The matter of the sine eue\ 
suspension of Steve Ford .by the i 

Chemistry upset by 

SUSpCUMVU VI riftu r w I A 

Welsh Rugby union is not being I SUTplUS £16111601 
allowed to rest The Learns will I 

allowed to rest. The . League will 
today issue a statement about the 
affair Although officials are tight- 
lipped about the contents ot the 
statement, it is bound to . be a 

ratio n in the Royal Thames bid, 
dismisses the sceptics who say 

and Pat&saa paw ampetW 
with Oebbin for afhsgmd ~*V 
positions, hw unotremeut was 

carbomndura ntfter th» 
lyst. Within weeks fae tokf de "* 
Savary be oast resign. “ttTd ¥ 
acted la my own interest and 
insisted on stayia& it canto hare C 
wrecked dMoapha" ' ■ v 

strongly-worded ^ that the Cra«toer syndicate is 

recent comments on the vafidhy of ‘ „ ■. 

the suspension by the secretary- short of time and money asm 

Hope for Lions tow- 
says SA referee 

Nevertheless, there is much 
speculation here as to whether rugby 
and football will follow cricket's 

Although the League may fight 
shy of carrying oat a threat to 
publish names of other Rugby 
Union players from Wales who 
have taken part in Rugby League 
trials, the threat is a powerful raid 
to have up the League's sleeve. In 
addition, experts in the enforceable 
legality of the laws of sporting 
bodies may question the right of the 
Welsh Rugby Union to impose such 
a severe sentence, and may endorse 
the player's individual right to take 
the matter to the courts. 

Following the recent outcry over 
Rugby Union refusals to create a 

»misses the sceptics who say . Instead, Law worked hfc " 
at the Crusader syndicate is oxfinci m otto of die Savon** ' ; 1 
*£££ short of time and money and companies then returned to v 
of the Rugby League, David wifl have the same after-guard Olivetti to beoane * • aah» .-a' 

, _ _ _ . problems as lionheart, in 1980, director. Victory ’83, repladne i 

«n4VW*yV3. - Mcttr, « Mk «dy £%£ f 

on the water before competition, .f 
"There's more guts in this s*® reached the eSmbutioa 
fort even than there was. with fin al a°d : took a nun .gff ^ 
3S, though there’s less paz- Australia U, and snbseqneatly 
ztT law says. “Yet it shook! wan the .19 84 w wM dtampion- 
mxnnrized that PDS took ship. An «t£vdini . of , toe -x. 

effort even than there was . with 
PDS, though there’s less paz- 
zazz/" law says. “Yet it shook! 
be recongized that PDS took 

British 12-metre raring from respect fair de Salary’s squ ad fa . ? 

nowhere to being dose to 
Liberty (Conner’s boat defeated 
by Australia DQt I am prepared 
to 'commit myself to the 

figures in the game here. Steve lead and attempt to overcome 

international isolation with break- 
away tours. The “rebel” cricket 
lours are viewed in South Africa as 

free gangway between amateur character of .this campaign. ! 
players m League and Union,- the want to do it because 1 we 

that six of them -are aaw' 
employed by Kookaburra; tin f ’ 
torn- defending syndicates which -?* 
may prove . to have divided 
Aostndsaa strength. •• 

IS-a-side game runs a serious risk, 
in the eyes of many League officials 
and players, of backing itself into a 

can win. It's the of a 

li fetim e and any. -crew man 
would be nuts not to doit. 


off the 
transfer list 

“Everything that has been 
said was going to happen so far, 
such as the budding pro- 
gramme, has been on time. We 
shall have a two-beat eawipwigw 
in training for Six months. 

Law accepts that he fa j»t t 
guaranteed the h^msinaaY i 
position, far . which he fe % 
competing with Eddie Warden ^ 

Ow^hi^Uy experienced to the .« 

AdmirmTs - Cup with Phoenix, ft 
and with Joe B klmh , a former ^* 
One-Ton Cap vrarkt ctoqta 
Cadmqre, who wfll he tactidan 
and die only skipper fa Fre- f 
toamfe not at the Jfefrj 
ackoowiedgcs there" -wtirl&r- 
rivalry fiw places-, m toe ijfad . . 
ae w r as at Newpm^-Wt-jie/--. , 

^ 1- a. Cma » mA *** •btsost aB ‘he .Ktafartedges there 

transfer list •?- 14 

am. it-uAVA high up on the learning curve. __ __ rJ<iMnnit Wr h* 

BASKETBALL: Jim Macauley has The syndicate fa worfcfag whh T 

*UaaSS»- same desi^rer, Hewlett, and the. , q' — .T 

Bolton, and makes a return to the benchmark of Victory- ’83, an f| AW f n nssmsusA in 

team against Happy Eater Bracknefi outstanding boat; the same w ; . 

Pirates In the Carlsbexg National ceastmetion workers, the same YC3UTS tO COIHC 
League on Saturday after being derigner' Melrose; the same ' ■ 

taken off the transfer list , ucyw, 

9 Martin Clark and Sadie Edwards keel-maker, the same ropes, - . • 

have been named as English players spars and winches, the same aa~ says: The srtBanon Will evotre 

toctidau. . 

■MP & |en 

First Division side; Homespare. 
Bolton, and 'makes a return to the 
warn against Happy Eater Bracknell 
Pirates In the Carlsbexg National 
League on Saturday after being 
taken off the transfer list. 

9 Martin Clark and Sadie Edwards 

How to manage in 
years to come 

have been named as English players spare and winches, the same oa~ 
of the year for 1985. Cbxk, the 6ft shore support as in Newport of 

Centenary history of a great Welsh club 

Sin star of Team Polycell .Kingston, 
is rewarded for helping his club win 
the National Cup and National 
League title. He was also outstand- 
ing for England against Switzer land 
in a World championship qualifying 
win i n BcDinzona. 

SKJNG: A men's World Cup 
downhill scheduled for Friday in 
Garmiscfa, West Germany, whit* 
was called off due to a shortage of 
snow,' will now take place in 
Kitzbocn on January 18 and 19. A 
women's giant ' slalom has been 
moved from Leysin to Crans-Mon- 
tana on either February 1 or 2. 
Yachting Association are to set op a 
windsurfing information centre and 
appoint a promotions secretary, 
who will have the responsibility for 
setting up and running projects 
designed to bring more people into 
the sport. The post will be funded by 
the windsurfing trade which will 
provide £20,000. Sony are to back a 
six strong team to attend every 
etffeut in the United . Kingdom 
daring 1986. 

SPEEDWAY: Bir mingham pro- 
moters, Tom Evitt* and Les Powell, 
are prepared to continue National 
League racing at the Wheels Project 
complex following assurances that 
improvement will be made before 
the start of the season in March. 
Evitts and Powell indicated last 
month that they were on the verge 
of quitting because of the poor track 
maintenance and lack of spectator 
facilities at the corporation-run sire. 

The two promoters claim that on 
occasions they were losing as much 
as £400 a meeting because of the 
in ferior fac ilities at the complex. 
YACHTING: The . French 

America’s Cup challenge skipper 
Marc Pqjot flew into Perth 
confident that his yacht, French 
Kiss, will take the world 12-metre 
championships next month. P^jot 
win sail the same craft, launched in 
: Paris last October, m the 1987 
A merica's C up challenge. 
ATHLETICS: The distance run- 
ners, Eamonn On ghtan, of Ireland, 
and Mary Slaney, were named i 
winners of the 1985 VIcaiis Award ! 

welder, electrician and rigger, 
under the direction of Sped- 

Lair, seven times natto&ai 
Finn or Soling champion, first 
competed in the Olympics in 
Munfcfa, aged 20, soon ter 
tearing MQlfieU- and touring 
France with the England Uuder- 
19 rugby team. Sponsored by 
Olivetti, hfa employers, he 
finished fourth in the Soling 
event in the Los Angeles 
Olympics. De Savary had 
discussed hfa possible involve- 
ment at Newport after the 
Moscow Olympics, but Law 
said be was not interested, even 

between AprH and October. 
People wS have fa tract toe ; : . 
management to make the right. l - 
decfaaoos and of coarse ' fee 
afterguard fa the mat sensitive ft t 
area. There are impiicitf 
strains.” ... 

■ ‘ -• • . ’ . '* . 

- V« 

• Law. •. Warden -• Omni-/*-. 
Richards and CudmorerecQatty . 
competed in tlfree tow-key *;• 
events in Sart fima, St Trepez • S, y _ 
and Perth . to faiihfah the' yC 
chemistry of a working refatien- 
ship. :■ . yy ' 

Law reosgnize^ fiM sekctiea . ^ 
risk-factor. “Harry’s an Irish- 
man living off his nerve raids, 
and I respect to^^he wd . ^ 
“He’s unquestioaaMy ; toe . top 
match-racing dripper in the 
world, and I mat -to rapport . 
him. Dm ajeam as . 
by nature an mdivstiiafirt The - 
unity of the crew fa . ritaL A 

designer cut Yexpedt hfa hortfe 
work unless ; the. xrew . are 
capable of pollingH OtiL*’ 

■ *BS Uinis , 

Fart of Law’s, gamble fa that 
Cudmore is thfa monto hufach-/ 
ing a sports management com- 
pany, partly to organize fax- 
deductible fond rafafag, w^ich 
will co-ordJnate Briti^i .1 3 r\ 
metre recrog in yean-fa come. 
And Law fa 12 yean'yufafart, 
than CnduKwe. ■ , . • 

Law: “chance of a lifetime'” 

Roitod toeWorld 
race report, page 23 




Wifiiln the space of five days in 
November I watched two rugby 
matches; in the first the referee 
awarded 37 penalties, in the second 
he awarded six. The first was a 
merit table game, the second 
involved an invitation side; ah, yon 
might say, the pressures of 
competition told on the players and 
on tiie official who most have felt 
obliged to keep a tight rein on the 

It is not so simple. In the first 
game conditions, a cold, strong wind 
and rain, helped dictate the nature of 
the game, the namber of mistakes 
node - and the referee applied the 
new tackle law which came as 
something of a surprise to some of 
the players. In a tight game there 
are always likely Ul be more 
penalties because there wfll be far 
greater opportunities for offside 
■ play; in a loose, flowing game there 
j is less concealment and greater 
| opportunity for the advantage law to 
be played. 

] Apart from that, I suspect many 
! players do not know the laws nor 
have they been taught bask skills 
I prporly. This may account for the 
i growing number of coaching books 
on the market and is ample 
justification for the publication of 
Ragby lows Illustrated* written by 
Clive Norfing and Terry Godwin. 

Anything which makes a complex 
set of laws easier to understand is 
welcome and the authors have 
adopted a single-syllable approach 
to clarify matters. 

This may not help when the 
English language itself comes in for 
dissection, when considering law- 
18, the tackle, the aathors note that 
"a player can play die ball in any 
way, including poshing It away or 
passing the boll to another players 
as long as the action is immediate 
and the ball does not go forward.” I 
beard of a discussion in which it was 
suggested that “immediate" could 
mean different thing* in different 
grades of rngby ie, three seconds 
grace for junior players, two seconds 
for seniors in junior dob matches, 
one second in first-dess games. Pity 
the referee. 

Mike Davis, the former England 
coach, and Barrie Cortess, the RFU 
technical administrator for the 
Midlands, have both contributed to 
training books which should provide 
inspiration for aspiring coaches 
faced with ranch entbnshum but 
little expertise among their develop- 
ing players. The Sctevce of Rugby 
Football by Davis aud Donald 
Ireland begins with philosophy and 
ends with selection, the first an area 
too frequently taken for granted, the 
second too little analysed. 

Corless’s book, Rugby Union* 
concerned with basics and contains 
two beautiful pictures of players 

S lifted at the line-out - Hat in 
is something of an art form and 
I only wish it were legal so Har the 
poor scram half has less rubbish to 
con trad with from that phase of 

I admit it Is unKfcefy any 
youngster would be entirely happy to 

see such books propped against the 
Christmas tree. He may prefer 
autobiography, in which case be can 
choose between Rubbing Shoulders 
by Phfl Blakeway with Chris 
Docker, or Andy Irvine by the 
Scottish fall bade in association with 
Ian Robertson. Having said my say 
on flie onerous namber of autobi- 
ographies I will only add Hwi 
Blakeway’s book presents the more 
rounded portrait whereas I would 
have been happier to know more 
about Irvine away from the oval bafi. 

My colleague Gerald Davies and 
John Morgan, the Welsh writer and 

broadcaster, agreed tn pot on paper 
the diary of a season and call it ^die 

the diary of a season and can it .Side 
Steps. It was a good idea which was 
not developed far enou g h - fast 
when they begin to warm to a topic 
the next day in te rvenes. There was 
some unsuspected information about - 
rats to remtad bs there Is life apart J 
from rugby. -J 

Not, perhaps, if yon are Bryn 
Thomas. The veteran Welsh rugby 
journalist has compiled SO years of 
memoirs in Rugger In The Blood, 
the essential enthusiasm undiml- 
nisfaed with the passing years. My 
generation was brought op on J. G. 

B Thomas (maybe the next 
generation is bong brought &p mi 
his s on. Craig’s, novels) whose 
writing feslped nourish onr own 
passion for the game. 

The scarlet of Wales, not to 
mention the bine anti blade of 
Cardiff, has coloured Bryn's fife hot 
in his travels over the fast 30 years 
he has never, lost the desire to team 
and to protect the game which 
means so much more to his 
countrymen than it fr eq ue nt ly seems 
to do in England. 

Rngby means a great deal to New 
Zealanders and Sooth Africans. The ' 
combination of the two appears in ' 
Up Front, the story of the All Blacks 
scram as fold by Graeme Barrow, a 
Smith African now living in New 
Zealand. Jt b a fascinating 
distillation of history' nad hnmonr. 
The core of the tale is provided by 
the AH Black’s use of the rover in 
theeariy partofthecentnryai^liow ' 
their effective use of the 2-3-2 saran 

ia 192sTlf«lM iikUcafes^SowiB^ « 
attention New Zealand have always : 

paid to the mechanics of rngby and, 
in consequence, why they have 
generally been somewhat better at it 
than British sides. 

If I had two books from all those 
published this antamnj would go for 
Mr Barrow's and far Dragon In 
Exile, the centenary history of the 
London Welsh dnb lovingly chron- 
icled by. Stephen Jones and Paul 
Belton. Yon need - no Welsh, 
connections to enjoy the develop- 
ment of one of the great dobs, nor to 
appreciate the make-op of one of toe 
great ddb sides, toe exiles of the late 
1960s and early 1970s. 

winners of the 1983 VIcaiis Award 
for sports excellence yesterday. 
Coghhm, is the first non-American 
chosen for the award, which was 
mtrodocedin 1978. 

BOXING: Rodolfo Sabbatini, the 
- Italian promoter, toed of a heart 
attack in Rome early yesterd a y. He 

it P efo sg r Wortd Pro- 
*■**! HM Haewt V 

b«PVqetM(US}3-P:n ww te ombi (&ig) w 
. Un&nKitftoJS-l. . 

UNITEO STATES: Wlmpl g— BhjhnOjtoE 

76 wb toe. * 

TOE PtKMnbe -Sons .114, Wa®iW#iw5*s* * 

.op Ssowrenmoifls ibA M to teigtBa.tofab . •■'9 


NORTH AirailCfc Natan League Mow 

kS m atch m aker tour match: Dyrwno 

had been a dose associate of the Brums t 

I ii m 


American promoter. Bob Arum. H 


Olympic and European champions, Ayr* - 
Yelena Valova and Oleg Vasflyev, MrayflaU- 
won the. pairs title- at the Soviet 
national championships in. Leant- h * 8 
grad, edging the- young stars, smsxtham 
Yekaterina Gordeyeva and Sergei Paw hc* 
Grinkov, into second place. * SH? 

Hetnekan British Lragua 

udwahnuuta tar w* 




P W D 
1611 1 
1511 0 
1410 1 
12 & 0 

13 .7 2 

14 6 1 
16 1 1 
16-4 .1 

L F A.Pts 
4 154 106 23 
4 150 78 22 
3 121 - 67 21 

3 108 67 18 

4 82 72 iff 

7 89 11» -ia 

8 121 M2 13 
11 107 129 S 

8 57 87 B 

16 0 4 .14 81.200 

Blanket blank 



Up Root brBoeM BarM (IIm Xhgnmd 
** I Kad 

tss^as- sFaix a 

AgB a Yomboek 1MF6, 


Bristol Rngby dnb are to send the °- Y: Hrorttown niWri a n a _ 

£10,000 thermal blanket bought' to “ 

protect their pitch -back to' the 
manufacturers. They rim'm jt let 
them down alter using it for the first 
time when UaadH were toe visitors 
over Christmas. Frost got under- 
neath and the game was called off an 
hoar before the kick off The Bristol ,«»■». «... 
saretary, Tom Mahoney befieves mSSSZJZS &S*** " w & 

toe anceUation oost hfa dob £9,000 sSSS 

lnratoandbariecepts.. «obdar2l^fl. Tastirm 

. -Jh^ F manufacturers daim Sristcrt B*hU Hqrom Tranm - po— — - f 
>d nfae-jManket fincorrectiy and 


«» U M 


j “r'T ~‘ 

agjtoaaaBSgg? - ^ 

— _ creme „ 

BasaaaaceaiiiM.-.^ u »iC> 


; ^ ^;>V- < :* ■ ■ - 

parag beach, cana rifer . . te agi. 

^ywgi Tn iiiia M Me . Hnd '**£**g-T- 

wrl* 2S& □ FbmL u B yooka,- 2/fc Q - , 

saaijfiSSSr^nr ■ >- 


_ • . tchws ^ ^ ■fiSv-i’ *• ' 

OvnE? S^m “S* R « Jteotfg t a^r - ' 

«** C Parry & j 

- r ;-: 

y wa a rfa 

asS ,M " 



‘Expectations are 
as high as 
an elephant’s eye 
for Oklahoman 

*■ , From John Ballantine, Carls had, California 

Sandy Lyle, Bernhard Langer 
Mid the 21 -year-old amateur 
Scott Verplank are all potential 
winners of the Tournament of 
Champions which starts here 
today. Lyle won the Open at 
Royal St George’s, Langer took 
the US Masters and Sea Pines 
titles in two glorious weeks last 
April, and Verplank. won 3'£ 
out of four points in the Walker 
Cup last season and then In 
August ' became the first ama- 
teur for 29 years to win a 
professional event, the Western 

f '■ Verplank, who uses a putter 
v grip padded to the size of a 
cricket bat handle, gets another 
chance among the cream of last 
year’s professional winners to 
prove that he might be the “new 
Nicklaus” for whom the United 
States has been breathlessly' 

The Tournament of Cham- 
pions, whose 33-year history is 
studded with great names - 
Lanny Wadkins, Tom Watson 
and Tom KJte have been the 
last three winners - occupied a 
place on the calendar just after 
f the Masters until its appropriate 
move this season to become the 
flagship of the tour. To start the 
LIS Tour season ofT with such a 
classic is a bonus. 

The most notable absentee is 
Severiano Ballesteros, who won 
the New Orleans classic last 
March and thus qualified to 
play, but he was latter banned 
from the tour because he played 
in only nine events against the 
minimum of IS. 

The Spaniard will not be 
allowed to play in March in the 
Doral-Eastem Open at the dub 
in Miami which he represents, 
but he has permission to defend 
his title in New Orleans two 
. weeks later and it will be 
■f interesting to see if he agrees to 
do so. Turning the other cheek 
has never been one of most 
immediate reactions to life's 

Ballesteros will be able to 
compete in non-PGA events 
like the Masters and the US 
Open and knowing him 1 would 
say that he will take the greatest 
pleasure in robbing American 
noses into the turf of Augusta 
and Oakland Hills if he can. 

Verplank. a Oklahoma State 
player, is smaller than Jhe 
majority of professionals ori'the 
tour, being about 5ft 9ins and : 
1 i Vi stone. His amateur cared 
ranks with those of Nicklaus, i 
Ben Crenshaw and Bobby j 
Clampett In 1984 Verplank 
came from behind to beat the j 
Californian Sam Randolph in j 
the US Amateur and last season 
in 26 collegiate, amateur and 
professional events the hand- 
some Oklahoman won 1 1 times; 
finished second four times and 
had 22 finishes in the top 10. 

Willie Wood, another Okla- 
homan graduate who is two 
inches shorter and two stone 
lighter than his former team- 
mate. predicts generously that 
Verplank will become “the 
finest player in our school’s 
history." We will discover 
whether this is true when 
Verplank joins Wood, who last 
rear finished fiftieth with 
SI 53.706. (£107,112) on the 

Both players are fine putters 
and Verplank’s unique grip can 
be picked out on greens half a 
mile away. He pads the putter 
handle with layers of white 
gauze until it is more than an 
inch across. *Tve been doing 
this since I was a kid,” he 

Peter Thomson, five times 
winner- of the Open who won 
S 386. 724 (£269,495) to finish 
top on the senior tour last 
season just ahead of Lee Elder 
and Don January, defends his 
title here in a competition that 
runs alongside the main tourna- 
ment. Gary Player qualified but 
will not compete. 


English tempted by 
eastern promise 

The Pro-Kennex World Grand 
Prix has assumed such greatly 
increased siatus in the scheme of 
things that it was announced 

By Richard Eaton 

on Sunday lor me start oi me 
lucrative I486 circuit. 

The flock of players abroad is 
likely to increase. English strength is 
traditionally in doubles, and this 
year. for the first time, doubles 
events have been added to the 
computer points table. For those 
who qualify for December's finals, 
an extra S50.000 (about £33.000) 
Mil] now be available, in addition to 
the $83,000 prize money given to 
last year's successful singles players. 

With such sums beconing 
enticingly, it it not surprising that 
five players arc prepared to miss the 
chance to appear on Channel four 
next month during the national 

Fifeeen British pairs have entered 
the doubles events in the first two 
tournaments, the Taipei Masters 
and the Japan Open in Kiryu and 

Fiona Elliott spent a four-figure 

sum in order to keep going at one 
stage last year. She had been ranked 
only fourth in England despite 
winning a rather moderate national 
championship for the second 
successive year, and could not get 
either invitations or selections. Now 
she has earned a £1,000 sponsorship 
from Prudential Assurance. 

Andy Goode, the Thomas Cup 
captain, whose England career 
seemed to be in jeopardy last 
autumn, has also earned £1,000 
from Prudential. He reacted 
superbly by winning the men's 
doubles title in the British Airways 
Masters in an unseeded partnership 
with Nigel Tier, probably the 
hardest-hitting player in the world 
today. Yet at 27, Tier has hardly 
made a bean ont of badminton. Few 
would begrudge him being lured by 
the lucre. 

The establishment of a competi- 
tive English satellite circuit - as well 
as more attractive national cham- 
pionships - must remain a priority. 
The growth of an international elite, 
increasingly divorced from the 
domestic game, could create a 
chasm too daunting to leap. 


Beiliss aims at another 
world championship 

Pelcr Beiliss, the world cham- 
pion. returns to Scotland next 
month for the first time since 
winning the title in Aberdeen 18 
months ago. This time, the New 
Zealander has his sights on the 
Embassy world indoor champion- 
ships to be played at Coatbridge 
from February 3 to 9. 

The draw for the tournament may 
mean that Beiliss will play the 
reigning world indoor champion, 
Terry Sullivan, of Wales, in the 
quarter-final. Both players had 
received a bye into the second 

Beiliss faces the winner of the tie 
between England's Andry Ross of 
England and the young Scott, 
Richard Corsic. while Sullivan 
meets either George Souza, of Hong 
Kong, or Tommy Reeves, of 

Everything about the 198S event 
is bigger and better than last year, 
particularly the prize money, which 

has been increased Irom £19.000 to 
£41 .000: the winner's cheque will be 
£1 1.000. which is £3.000 more than 
in 1985. The field have been 
increased from 16 to 24 players for 
(lie lint time and the championship 
mended from six to seven days. 

David Bryant, who has won the 
world indoor champion three times 
is scheduled to meet the winner of 
the tie between the Irishman. Dave 
Hamilton, and Canada's Ron Jones. 

The 1984 title holder. Jim Baker, 
of Ireland, could lace the 1983 
winner. Bob Suthcrlan. 

DRAW: Fine rwuL- L Sutherland (Scon * « 
P*8 (Cramal l stands!; K Wiliams (Xus) « R 

V N Burrows (Engt A Ross (Eng) v R Corsta 
(Scot); G Souza (fik) V T Roavas>e). Sacond 
round: Sutherland or Pflt» v J BaJMT fire); 
MAams or Cuto v J Watson (Scot), Skoguid 
or Evans v C Bransky (Isr); Hamaton or Jonas « 
D Bryant (Engl; Cutter or Muir v T AScock 
(Eng); McCutthaon or Burrows v O P so pte s 
CAusR Ross or Cortes v P Battaa (NZ): Souza 
or Rssvst * T Suftvan (Walts). 



into first 

From John Nicholls 

The dear winner of the first leg of 
the Whitbread ‘Round the World 
race, the French cztuy, L'EspriX 
d’Equipe, skippered by Lionel Fean, 
failed to reach the finishing line at 
Auckland yesterday.. In fact, there 
was no sign of her frnfahlng at all in 
the diminishing breeze and so she 
has not only failed to win the second 
leg on handicap, but has also now 
been overtaken on aggregate as 
leader of the race. 

Although there was a lively breeze 
off Auckland waterfront; there must 
have been app re cia bly less further 
«out to sea. By 1130 am, when 
LTssprit <TEqipe should have 
finished if she was to maintain the 
overall lead, she was stQl about 60 
miles from the line. She has now 
fallen to at least third on c orr ect e d 
time for the 7,000 mile leg and win 
drop even further behind the boats 
that have already finished if she 
does not come in soon. 

On correc te d time, the winner of 
this second kg. from Cape Town to 
Auckland, was the 63ft yacht. 
Philips Innovator, designed by two 
Dutchmen, Rolf Vrafijk and Fkte 
Judd, and sk i ppered by Dirk Naixta. 
She was seventh across the line, 
close on the heels of the Maxi yachts 
in Division A and comfortably first 
of the four boats in Division G 
There were no entries in Division B. 

Philips Innovator had been 
second on handicap to L’Esprit 
d'Equipe after the first leg from 
Portsmouth to Cape Town, so she is 
now firmly established in first place 
on corrected time for the first two 


Second on handicap in the second 
leg was the American entry, Atlantic 
Privateer, skippered by Padda 
Kuttrl, which was the first of the 
Maxi division to finish- She, 
however, retired from the first leg 
after bring dismasted and so cannot 
win either the Long John Trophy for 
the best elapsed time over the 
27.000 mile course or the Whitbread 
Trophy for corrected time: 

This makes another of the 80ft 
maxis, UBS Switzerland, sure of 
second place on aggregate corrected 
time, as wen as third place for the 
second leg. To some extent the boats 
that have already finished tins leg 
have been lucky. Soon after Philips 
Innovator bad crossed the line, the 
breeze died right away and left those 
still at sea frustratingly dose to the 
finish, but unable to reach it. 

Still, the smaller boats had been 
favoured at the end of the first leg, 
when they missed the storm that 
played havoc with the leaders. So. at 
the' halfway stage, the race is nicely 
balanced. Apart from LHEsprit 
d'Equipe, all the leading contender 
are now drying in the sun at 
Auckland, making varying ue of the 
time available before the race 
restarts, to Puma del Este, on 
February 1 5. 

The tailendera. needless to say 
will not get nearly so much time 
ashore. For example, SAS Baia 
Viking, skippered by Jesper Norsk, 
of Denmark, had still to cover 1,600 
miles at noon yesterday, so it will 
probably be another 10 days before 
she shows up. She is the smallest ot 
die 15 entries - SOU - and probably 
never secs any of the other boats 
between the start of each kg and the 


High hopes 
for Britain 

By Chris Moore 

The start of official practice for 
this week's fourth round of the 
World Cup in Cervinia was reduced 
to only one lauf yesterday because 
of damage to the Italian track. Two 
newly built comers were showing 
signs of breaking up, and rather than 
risk the threat of injury, officials 
cancelled the last two training runs. 

The final three are scheduled for 
this morning before the two-man 
competition sets under way tomor- 
row. Britain’s Nick Phipps and his 
crew of Bob Thome, Keith Power 
and Alan Ceants, have been at 
Cervinia since New Year’s Day and 
were not unduly concerned at 
yesterday's shortened session. 

“We’ve already had nine runs in 
unofficial practice, so it will be no 
great handicap”, said' Phipps, who 
won gold and bronze medals in the 
second round of the World Cup 
series on the other Italian track at 
Cortina last month. 

Those successes left the British 
champion in second place in the 
combined standings in the two-man 
competition and third in the four- 
man. But he lost both spots by 
missing the third-round trip to 
Sarajevo just before Christmas. 

However, points from only five of 
the six World Cup meetings count, 
so Phipps still has everything go to 
for in Cervinia. and in the final two 
rounds in St Moritz and tab- 

Also, the fact that the leading East 
Germans and Swiss are elsewhere 
this week, will greatly enhance 
Britain's chances of further medals. 
The East Germans have sent only 
their second string- Their top trio of 
the Olympic Games champion 
Wolfgang Hoppe, Bernhard Leh- 
mann and Deilef Richter, are 
cncen tinting op preparation for next 
week's European championships " 



Rebuff for a prophet of doom 


New direction for slalom racing 

‘ Vienna (Reuter) - An experimen- 
tal parallel slalom race on Monday 
may mark a ranting print in World 
Cup siding. The event was intended 
to bring extra tension to the 
traditional racing form and. by- 
attracting city-dwellers away from 
their tele vision sets, develop a new 
generation of fans. 

A near-capacity crowd of 6,000 
attended the event in the Vienna 
woods. “It brines as closer to people 
who admire skins bat nsnally only 
see them on television,*" Serge Lang, 
rounder of the World Cop circuit, 
said. “I’m proud if people say it is a 
show - that’s absolutely right- We 
have to Gad much more difficult 
courses, perhaps with some form of 

Most skiers liked the idea of the 
top 32 on the World Cup circuit 
- competing in head-to-head races 
; down parallel slopes instead of 
1 individually against the dock. The 
} results counted only towards 
! Nations Cop standings, not indfrid- 
‘ ni Work! Cup positions. 

While welcoming such events, to have these races. We need more 
some warned of the danger of them for the Nations Cop. 
rarning the white c ir cus into a -J like skiing before a big croi 
circus. Markus Wastneier expressed hut it is more stress fuL It’s hard 
concern that the show-business side concentrate when you have a 
could take over. “It has to be like <fcBng alongs ide jm" 

this, unfortunately”, he said- Marco Tonazzi, who finished 

A West German team trainer fourth, also enthused about 
commented: “Skiing is taken so “I^opfeHce to wateh the 

seriously daring the whole season “““f* many times 

and this is a nice change.” 5 ont ®f u, *“* ■“* *** their idols 

‘ Karl Schmitt, Austrian ski 

champion of the 1960s. watched the OrgMaiam raid the race gave 

front of them, and see their idols 

champion of the 1960s, watched the ^Organizers raid the race gave __ 
race with boyish enthusiasm. “It’s a ** quie ? e , _^ Ke . Bl . watch to 
new start for siding. This kind of owpemprs wtraont having to 

event —it*, indirect publicity for Alps. The cost of the e 

the whole sport near theb^dties. schilling 

Show is an integral part of sport. it b eca me - 

The Americans have shown os that *» Pjndnce and bringJn by 

a gain and again.” 

Peter Moeller of Switz e rland, 
disqualified for missing a gate in die 

round, agreed: “To k**P the city of Vienna. 

1,800 cubic m g r e s of artificial snow, 
organizers said. The World Gap 
organizing committee will pay the 
balk, with the hahmer picked np by 

spectators’ interest we have to offer 
them something.” 

Lang arid a men's parallel slalom 
race was planned for Zurich and a 

Italy's Evano Edaltni. drinking women's race for Munich next year, 
champagne after his surprise victory A parallel slalom final is scheduled 
on Monday, said: “It Is a good Idea this year for Bromont, Quebec. 

By- Michael Seely 

As many of oar leading Flat 
racing owners, trainers and 
breeders me besporting them- 
selves on a variety of sub-trop- 
ical beaches from Bali to 
Barbados or are hurling them- 
selves gleefully down the slopes 
of the more fashionable skiing 
resorts, a doud, as yet no bigger 
fbftT T a man’s hand, has 
ap pe a red on their blissful 
horizon in the shape of an 
article in The Economist by 

No rman Macrae. 

This new-found prophet 
thinks that what he calls “the 
temporary golden age of racing” 
will soon come to an end and 
that a dramatic slump must 
inevitably follow a boom, which 
has been inflation of 1,000 per 
cent in the past decade. 

In envisaging a crash compar- 
able to the 1973-74 London 
property disaster, Macrae talks 
wittily of the Jockey dub 
disciplining “bumptious little 
25-year-old millionaires called 
jockeys** and describes a world 
of fantasy in which an Arab, 
overcome by having won his 
first classic distributed £2,800 
amongst three astonished wait- 

The analyst made a close and 
detailed 'study of his subject. He 
accurately describes how the 
upward spiral was started by 
Robert Sangster, Vincent 
O’Brien and their partners in 
the Coolmore group of oper- 
ations, realizing the potential 
for European racing inherent in 
the offspring of the prepotent 
North American stallion. 
Northern Dancer after Nijins- 
ky’s capture of the triple crown 
in 1970. 

Due mainly to the genius of 
O’Brien, the Irish trainer, the 
group achievd spectacular suc- 
cess with such colts as The 
Minstrel, Golden Fleece, Caer- 
leon and Sadlers Wells. 

Witb the advent of the oil 
rich Arabs on the scene from 
1977 onwards, eager to join in 
the bonanza, a glorious spend- 
ing spree started at the Keene- 
land (Kentucky) July and other 
top yearlings sales. This process 
reached its climax in 1 984 when 
323 yearlings were sold in 
Keeneland for an average of 
S544.681, an increase of over 
1,000 per cent on the 1974 

As Macrae points out ihe 
bubble started to burst in 1985 
when the average was down at 
all the main yearling sales. At 
Keeneland in July, for example, 
although an individual record 
was established when the 
Sangster group paid $ 13.1m for 
a Nijinsky colt, the average was 
down to S426.252, that is to say 
below the level of 1983. 

This happened for two 
principal reasons, much of the 
hype had been caused by over- 
aggressive competition between 
the Arabs and the Sangster 
group. A meeting between the 

Rainbow Quest, an English-based stallion to whom the Americans could send mares. 

rivals in Dubai' last spring was a 
signal that they were going to 
rationalize their act 

However, the main reason for 
Macrae forecasting a catas- 
trophy of Titanic-like pro- 
portions is that it is thought to 
be certain that President Rea- 
gan will soon withdraw the tax 
concessions that has made 
owning racehorses such a 
painless and .enjoyable occu- 
pation in the States. The overall 
strength of the industry has 
always depended upon a heal- 
thy state in the North American 

However two sound judges 
think that we are not yet on the 
brink of - Armageddon, but are 
merely seeing a realistic level- 
ling out of prices. Gerald Leigh, 
the owner of that top class filly. 
Brocade has 20 broodmares. He 
races his fllies and sells his colts 
and last July at Keeneland 
received S2.6m for a yearling by 

Leigh says: **I can see the 
withdrawal of tax concessions 
will obviously have an effect on 
professional people, who en- 
joyed having a few horses 
around for their tax position. 
However i don’t see it causing a 
m^jor withdrawal from the 
market I think this was 
dramatically illustrated at the 
November breeding sales which 
were extremely encouraging. 
The European heavies stood 
back with their mouths open. 
Most of the buyers were 

indeed the average of this 
sale of mares, foals, fillies and 
stallion nominations was about 
the same as in the previous two 
years, a sure sign of underlying 

Major Christo Phillipson, the 

managing director of the British 
Bloodstock Agency is also 
optimistic about the future. 
“This is a perfectly natural 
reaction to the inflation of the 
past few years”, he said. “And 
anything which stops the 
overpricing of stallions must be 
good for the industry. 

“When the Arabs have horses 
like Rainbow Quest and Shared 
Dancer at stud over here, to say 
nothing about the. established 
British stallions such as Mill 
Reef and Shirley Heights, the 
Americans are obviously going 
to be sending and buying mares 
over here. And if prices fall any 
further, the middle of the road 
breeder may be albe to afford a 
Northern Dancer filly, which 
was previously only a dream. . 

Major Phillipson also sees 
increased world interest the 
breeding sales. “The Arabs now 

have so many well-bred fillies. 
Inevitably some of them will be 
failures and will be sold at the 
December sates. And the Aus- 
tralians, New Zealanders, South 
Africans and others will be 
flocking to Newmarket to buy 
their culls.” 

To sum up, Mr Macrae's 
analysis is 1 masterly, but his 
conclusions may be overdrama- 
tic. The ramifications and the 
infrastructure of the industry is 
very complicated. With so 
many people owning and 
breeding horses for so many 
different reasons, falls in prices 
at the top will inevitably benefit 
breeders lower down in the 

The levelling out proofs will 
certainly continue for a fear or 
two, but disaster 'does not 
appear to loom ahead. 

Strike hits English raid 

A shipping strike is causing 
problems for trainers in Britain 
anxious to participate in the - 
IR£25,G00 added Sweeps Handicap 
Hurdle at Leopardstowo on Satur- 

Peter Easterby (Comedy Fair), 
Martin Pipe (Cats Eyes) and Da rid 
Elswortfa (Honey dew Wonder) had 
alt made arrangements to send their 
charges over by boot to Dublin this 
evening. With no settlement in sight 
they will be obliged to reconsider 
transport plans and embark on the 
more expensive air charter, which 
Simon Christian has arranged for 

This means the top weight will be 
raised to 12st at Friday’s overnight 
stage and as things stand that will 
be Miller HBL allotted list 21b in 
the original handicap. AU the other 
entries will be similarly raked by 
121b and the limited side is found in 
.the stipulation that no runner will 

Aughra Boura can cheer 

By Mandarin 

Those who were at Sandown Park and in between he ran a respectable 
on- Saturday and saw Tom cccond to Hazy Sunset at Sandown. 
Grantham take such a horrific-look- With the other dual course 
ing fall From Freddie Bee at the winner. Doll Lars having yet to 
fence in from of the stands will have regain his form this season, the 
had a first-hand reminder of the sort main threat to Aughra Boura will 
of dangers National Hunt jockeys almost certainly come from the lop 

have to live with every day. 

weight Ovcrsway. who did well to 

Happily. Grantham, who lay still chase home Simon Legrec at 
for some while having seemingly Lingficld last time. With Gran- 
been trampled by his mount, was thorn's 71b allowance, however, 
merely shaken up and this afternoon Aughra Boura will be receiving 81b 
at Plumpton the son of the former from Oversway and this should lip 
royal jockey. Tony, can bounce back the balance in the former's favour. 

to winning form on Aughra Boura. 


who is napped to take the trainer, sets punters a puzzle in the 
Coo ksb ridge Amalcur Riders' second division of the Crowbridge 

Handicap Chase. 

Novice's Hurdle in which he nuns 

Josh Gifford's ID-ycar-old has Airborne Deal, the recent Lingfield 
been a model of consistency this winner, who will be ridden by his 
season, having won three of his son. Gary, and Snowball Danny, the 
seven races and made the frame on mount of his daughter. Candy, and 
the other four occasions. Two of who also has useful form recently. 
Aughra Bourn's victories have been Both should run well. but 
over today’s course and distance preference is for the unbeaten 

Clearly Bust, who. with David 
Hood claiming 71b; will be receiving 
I3lb from the Moore pair. Hood, a 
useful young rider attached to Stan 
Mcllor's Lamboum yard, has ridden 
Ccarly Bust to both his victories. 

On the horse's debut at Southwell 
the combination beat Saint Acton, 
who recently made the top-class Ten 
Plus exert himself at Cheltenham. 
They then returned to the course to 
get the better of the well-fancied 
Asswan, who was not disgraced in a 
competitive event at Kempton. so 
the form looks highly respectable. 

Menton Monarch, who trounced 
a large field at Nottingham last 
month, looks the answer to the first 
division of Clearly Bust's race. 

The most valuable event on the 
card, the Portslade Handicap Chase 
looks tricky, but Ceriuuu. from 
John Edwaid's in-form stable is just 
given the edge over King Ba Ba, 

Law Report 
January 8 1986 

From Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 

ting strike is causing to Lcopardstown as the Larue route 
For trainers in Britain is still operational. 

» in what could be termed a 

added S weeps Handicap typically Irish piece of definition, 
Leopardstotre on S*fasr- tbe Sweeps Hurdle is described in 
■ t , _ . , the racing calendar as “a limited 

extended handicap for four-year- 
• *>“? and! Band olds ^ „,***»-? 

At the four -day declaration stage carry less than lOsL As things have 
26 runners were nominated, and five worked ont, though, every runner 
of them hail from British stables, with the exception of Oouogh'sJolly 
Andy Scott, who trains at Wooper- win carry their correct weight and 
ton m Northumberland, wfll have no even Omagh's Jolly is a mere lib 
trouble getting his entry Taelos over below the lOstnummiim. 

Grantham inspection at 


Clearly Bust, who. with David A forecast of heavy rain and snow ; 

Hood claiming 7lb; will be receiving during the night has prompted 
I3lb from the Moore pair. Hood, a Plumpton’s clerk of the course. Cliff 
useful young rider attached to Stan Griggs, to make a precautionary 1 
Mcllor's Lamboum yard, has ridden inspection of the Sussex track at 
Clearly Bust to both his victories. 7.30 this morning to decide whether 
On the horse’s debut at Southwell racing can fake P^ce. 
the combination beat Saint Acton. M A S"*£said yesie^ : afternoon: 
who recently made the Jop-dass Ten Although it would have been 
Plus exert himseir at Cheltenham, posable lo race today, persistent 
They then returned to the course to sn> und fr ? m 

get the better of the well-fancied l ° h«vy and with more on the way. 
Asswan, who was not disgraced in a there will be a prerouuonary 
competitive event at Kempton, so ,n ?J*' ct, OT iin the monnng. 
the foim looks highly respectable. Iooks brighter for 

. Win canton tomorrow. The going at 
Menton Monarch, who trounced th e Somerset course is soft and no 
a large field at Nottingham last inspection is planned at the 
monUi. looks the answer to the first moment. The meeting at Southwell 
division of Clearly Bust s race. an ^ same day is in grave doubt. 

The most valuable event on the however. Stewards will inspect the 
card, the Portslade Handicap Chase frost bound Nottinghamshire -course 
looks tricky, but Ceriraan. from at 9.0 this morning, but with snow 
John Edward's in-form stable is just forecast the chances of racing are 
given the edge over King Ba Ba, poor. 





Pfgtna y Commissioners of 
Customs and Excise, Ex parte 
Hedges & Butler Ltd 
Before Lord Justice MustiO and Mr 
Justice McNeill 

(Judgment delivered December 19) 

The provisions of regulation 8(1) 
or the Excise Warehousing (Etc) 
Regulations (SI 1982 No 6l2).ui so 
far as they required an oocupt cr or 
proprietor of an excise warehouse to 
preserve all records relating to his 
business for not less than, two years 
were ultra vires the powers 
contained in section 93(2Xg) of the 
Customs and Excise Management 
Act 1 979, as amended by section 1 1 
of and Schedule 8 to the Finance 
Art 1981. 

The Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court so held in granting to the 
applicants. Hedges and Butler Lid. 
in an application for judicial review 
of a dcctson of the Commissioners 
of Customs and Excise dated July 
25. 19S4 requiring the applicants to 
make available for inspection 
certain records relating to their 
business, a declaration that that 
requirement had been improperly 

The 1979 Act, as amended, 
provides, by section 93: “(2) 
Warehousing regulation may ... in- 
clude provisions ■ . ■ (g) imposing 
. . . requirements on the occupier 
of a warehouse or the proprietor of 
goods in a warehouse to keep and 
preserve records relating to his 
business as such an occupier or 
proprietor . . -and may contain such 
incidental or supplementary pro- 
risions as the commissioners think 
necessary or expedient for the 
protection of the revenue.” 

The 1982 Regulations provide, by 
relation 8: “( I ) Save as the proper 
officer may otherwise allow, the 
occupier or "proprietor shall preserve 
all records relating to his business 
for not less than two years . . 

Mr John Hicks, QC and Mr Nigel 
Tozzi for the applicants; Mr 
Michael Rich, QC and Mr John 
Howell for the commissioners. 

that the applicants were wine and 
spirit merchants, who owned an 
extensive site comprising several 
warehouses. They also traded in 
non-alcoholic beverages and other 

The issue which fall for determi- 
nation was whether the words “all 
records relating to his' business" in 
regulation 8( 1 1 were wider in scope 
than “records relating to his 
business as such an occupier or 
proprietor” in regulation 7. 

If so, was regulation 8 void as 

having been made ultra vlnt the 

powers conferred by section 93(2 <(£1 
of the Act of 1979? 

The words in regulation 8t I) had 
to be interpreted according to their 
plain meaning. 

The commissioners' argument, 
that the concluding words or section 
93(21 read in conjunction with the 
general power contained in section 
93( 1 1 and the specific instances of it 
given in paragraphs (a) to (0 of 
section 93(2) were sufficient in 
themselves to create an unlimited 
power to require the production of 
all ihe company's business records, 
was wholly untenable. 

Such a power could not be 
regarded as “incidental" or “sup- 
plementary" to the specific powers. 
Regulation 8 construed in the wider 
sense for which the commissioners 
contended would not be “sup- 
plemental" to section 93(2Xg) of the 
Act in the sense that it was required 
to implement what was in the Acl 

It created a new and radically 
morc extensive set of powers. It was 
an extension of the section. There 
was no ground for supposing that 
ihe legislature, in amending the 
existing legislation so as to confer 
specific new powers, had conferred, 
silently, more indefinite and wider 

So interpreted, regulation 8 was 
ultra vires and void. The applicants 
were entitled to a declaration that 
the requirement by' the com- 
missioners had not been properly 

that he regarded regulation 8 as 
machinery implementing the pow- 
ers of the officer in respect of the 
record:: referred to in regulations 6 
and 7 and not as creating an 
additional power in respect of 
records not referred to in those two 

The heading of Part n of the 
regulations; “Control of Excise 
Warehouses and Warehoused 
Goods” pointed to the narrower 
meaning of regulation 8(1). 

The wide construction would lead 
to the unreasonable consequence 
that business records wholly 
unconnected with the wine and 
spirits trade would be required to be 

if his Lordship was wrong on the 
construction point, he found no 
difficulty in holding that regulation 
8(1) was ultra vires the 1979 Acl 
R egulation Si I) purported to do 
something which was not provided 
for in section 93(2Xg) of the Act and 
was an unwarranted arrogation of 

Solicitors: Hobson Audley & Co; 
Solicitor, Customs and Excise. 


University College London v 

A New Zealand student who had 
spent the majority or the preceding 
three years “bumming” around the 
United Kingdom and the member 
stales of the European Community 
but had settled nowhere had still 
been "ordinarily resident" in the 
European Community throughout 
that period within tbe meaning of 
paragraph 2(2Xa) of Schedule 2 to 
the Education (Fees and Awards) 
Regulations (Sr 1983 No 973) and, 
having been accepted for a course 
beginning before January 1 , 1984 
he was therefore eligible to pay 
university fees at the lower rate 
applicable to those with a "relevant 
connexion with the UK”. 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Watkins. LoTO jS 
Croom-J ohnron and Sir David 
Cairns) so hod on December 19 
allowing an appeal by the defendant 

tuition fees. ' m “"W* 












E ©Trade 01-278 9161/5 

35 New Broad Street, London EC2M 1NH 
Tel: OV58B 3588orQ1-5B8 357G 
Telex BS7374 Fox 01-638 921G : 

Unique opportunity offering variety, responsibility and fulfilment 




Por thte sartor appointment we invite applications from c w xB da te a with the organisational expectance, 
aooal afcBa and maturity of attitude to writ aa tha right hand of a vary busy writw/buBtaessman. No two 
?ays wUI be the same and raspanstoflttlss hebde assisting with the day to day management of the 
household (staff, food, etc), overs eei ng the detail and sequence of work being carried out by 
contractors on the house and garden, typing and edttlng/reaearch support for manuscripts and 
jncWaWng financial records. The successful candidate wta be able to drive and is Beefy to nws in the 
Worthwood sraa as the position cafls liar ftJ c om mitm en t and fiexfefltty on hows. An outgoing, confident, 
deposition, and firmness of manner tempered by diplomacy and humour, as weB as the precision to 
mset exacting standards are the qualifies we seek, initial total remuneration is negotiable £15,000- 
£20,000. AppScatfons In strict confidence under reference PANWLB56/TT, to the Managing Director: 

STR8ET, LONDON ECSM 1ML TELEPHONE: 01-58S 358* OR 01-888 3571. TELEX: 8S7374. FAX NOS 01-638 8218. 


A first das and well educated Sec/P A o needed to weak for a 
youngTXrcctor of this top firm of uternatioasf oonsalunts. As 
onijr 25% af jonr work is secretarial the majority of your time will 
be spent Baaing with, and organising bis team of consultants. 
Aged 28-KJ. Speeds HXV6Q. French an advantage. 


PUTNEY to £6,000 + Car 

A SerfPA is needed to work Mon. Wed. Fli for this small private 
Co. Aged 25-35. Shorthand pre fe r r ed. 


Wc have vacancies for part-time Receptionists w o rking Cor 
prestigious companies based in the Giy and Krrighrsbridgc. ^ 

• y 

35 Brain Place W1.014S3 7788 

Anew head office for us ... A new job for you. . . 

A happy new year all round. 

around the country. Together they provide the finest 
health care a British independent medicine. 

As a result rf continued expansion we are about to move 
into this rather pleasant bidding near Lincoln's Inn 
Fields (dose to Hdbarn and Chancery Lane Stations), 
from where well continue to support BUPA Hospitals. 
And if your skills match up to one of these three 
opportunities, we'd Eke you to move in with us. 

You'D have a real chance to grew with us and develop 
new skills- and youB always be 1 wdlrewirded. Besides 
attractive safeties (which will 6e reviewed after six 
months), there is an outstanding range ofhenefits 
mdndmg free fife assurance, free BUPA, a season ticket 
loan sdiixne, subsidised restaurant and a mortgage - 
subsdyafteraquafifying period. 

So mate the move to BUPA Hospitals - itH be the best 
new year resolution yon ever made. 

Secretary for Operations Manager 

The Operations Manager ami his team ccKffdmate the 
services provided m our hospitals, so they have quite a 
workload. That's why they need someone with 
experience, enthusiasm, numeracy a high standard of 
secretarial s H b aiid wp experience. 

Secretaxy/Administrative Assistant 

A rhalUng in ga p d d vri w ^ n g n pp nrhln l t yfa ra nwrfur f* 
secretary seeking a broader role. As well as providing 
shorthand support fir two fine managers, year wider 
responsibilities will include supervising the Receptionist 

day-to-day running of Ddphyn Carat. This important 
rcJein the company's activities calls far senior level 
secretarial and supervisory experience. 

Reception! s t/Switchboard Operator 

A smart appearance, mature outlook and warm 
personality are essential for tins important ‘contact* 
position w hich extends beyond Inefficient operation of 
our ‘Monarch' switchboard. There are visitors to be 
received, room bookings to be organised, telexes to be 
sent and some typing to be done, not to mention other 
matters relating to tire running of the buikSng. Could 
you meet tius challenge? 

Phone Shirley Smeatoo today on 01-278 9262 or write 
to her at BUPA Hospitals, Battle Bridge House, 

300 Gray’s Ipn Road. London WC1X8DU. 





Planning Officer 

Training and Management Services 
Salary: £12,130 per annum 

A unique opportunity has arisen for someone with 
experience in management planning and information 
systems, to become fuly Involved m the Federation's 
planning programming, budgeting and reporting procedures 
which are In vie process of computerisation. 

An . interesting area of future growth for- this post, is 
participation m all aspects of the Federation's training 

Applicants should be educated to 'A' level standard or 
above, numerate, and should posssess fast class 
communication and keyboard skills. This post may wefl suit 
someone with a senior secretartal/adnunistrative 
background who has gained some experience as identified 

Benefits include 22 days hoflday per annum, season ticket 
loan, free private medical scheme, pension fund, flexi-time. 

If you have the necessary qualifications and experience, and 
are looking for a challenge, then contact us today for an 
application form and further details. 



Please telephone: 01-8392911 ext 215 
Personnel Department 
IPPF, 18-20 Lower Regent Street 
London SW1Y4PW 


An experienced secretary is needed to join the small 
team responsible for or ganising the Design Council's 
annual awards scheme and other comm era ally sponsored 

Design Council Awards are given each year to publicise 
outstanding design achievements in British indnstry and 
to improve design standards by encouraging 

The secretary will handle the day-to-day seaetmial • 
work and office administration of the two Awards 
Officers. Some travel in the UK may be Involved. 

Shorthand/typing skills of SQ/50 wpm are required and 
experience of audio would be ah advantage. 

The starting salary would be up to £7,500 pa, depending 
on qualifications and experience, with the opportunity to 
earn proficiency allowances np to £1,170 pa for excellent 
skills. There are flexible working hours, 2416 days holiday 
and a nob-contributory pension scheme. 

For further details and an application form 

please contact: 

Ms Gillian Webb 
Personnel Officer 
The Design Council 
London SW1Y4SU 
Telephone 01-839 8000 ext 30 

An equal opportunities employer 


Elizabeth Hunt 


A major City based Investment bank seeks a vary wb! groomed, 
first doss organiser to bocoira their soda! secretary. Set-up 
Important hinche3, dinners and PR wants from start to finish. 50 
wpm typing aHfiy and a relevant background essential. 



’Atop PR consultancy leaks a bright outgoing secnrtwy to Join 
thatr public affairs division which specialises to Partamentary 
PR. You wH wtoy a great deal of variety and plenty of contact 
with VIP's. T 00/50 skis essential. 


Join this famous TV network as secretary to their controller of 
programmes. He Is the person to decide which programme 
should be given airtime and when, and needs a secretary able to 
liaise at tha highest level and run Ms busy office. 100/50 skats 



£ 10,000 

A large international City bank seeks an experienced banking 
secretary to loin their capital markets division as secretary to a 
vice presktenL Handle your own correspondence and enjoy fuR 
involvement in this expandhg division. Exceflent benefits and 
luxurious offices. 1 00/60 skffls and WP atXRty needed. 

City 240 3551 . West End 240 351 1/3531 

. Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants 




SHL is the leading fins of occupational psychologists 
in the U K. Due to expansion oFour consultancy base, 
we require two secretaries/PAs to work in our 
prestigious new offices in Esher, Surrey. 

The positions involve administrative as well as 
secretarial work, and the ability to communicate 
effectively with clients at afl levels a essential. 

We are looking for energetic and flexible people, 
able to work in a team and independently. Good 
shorthand and typing are essential, together with 
some work experience. Wordstar word processing 
experience would be useful. 

For further details, please contact Alison Brown on 
Esher (0372) 68634, or write to The Okl Post House, 

81 High Street, Esher; Surrey, KT10 9QA. 

Interviews will be held in earlv February 




Do you have secrazrtel experience 
at Chtfnrnrv'Dtrcacr level? This is 
a key postdon, woridng far one of 
the most Influential names In UK 
publishing You will deal with 
fc i t er na tional VIPs, handle afl 
arrangements far fimatoni (sekxx- 
Ing menu, axxdtoarinjr jnvta- 
ticns ecc). organise domestic staff 
and provide full secretarial support. 
Tbu should be cakn confident and 
thorough in approach with exed- 
lent shorthand and typing. Fluency ; 
in French or German wmrfd be 
useful, although not essendaL Age 
24+. Please telephone .01-093 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, 
London W1 

(Reovttmenc Consultants) 

to £8,500 

Tin van London afftes of an 
intemaSoal hotel group reads an 
errthsiastjc; mil presented secretary 
to back-up tbs Sates aid Marketing 
Director as mil as the PA Manager. 
Other than general secretarial duties 
and extensive telephone fasten, there 
w9 be oflportuiitfes to become 
Inwfwd In and attend vaious 
p ro mo tion al events. 

Good typing (E0wpm+) and at least 
two years axpsrisnca esssntraL Smart 
offices In W1. Please rteg:- 




£11,500 + Mtg 

(Mnktg 01-741 2MM} 



Prestigious private psychiatric 
hospital new Richmond Park 
seeks Secretary for an ener- 
getic. dynamic consuftsrt. 
Strong secretarial/audio .skills 
essential and previous medical 
experianee preferred. You wiH 
need to be discreet, enthusi- 
astic and flexible, have good' 
communication skills, a smart 
appearance and sense - of 
tunaur.- Attractive salary and 
free lunches. 

Please send CV to Dorofiry 
White. Head of Secretarial. 
The Priory Hospital, Mary 
La&e. Unuon SW155JJ. < 





to Director 
Central London ; 

Davy McKee (London) limited, major British 
engineering contractor, wishes to appoint a 
Secretary to its Construction Director, at Its 
ultra modem headquarters in Euston Road. 
AppBcations are Invited from Secretaries who 
have good administrative experience at this 
level; are aged 2&b35, and have the abffity to 
harxtie people and, on occasions, challenging 
situations. Proven shorthand, audio and typing 
skills are required. - 

We offttr a competitive salary, five weeks* 
hoflday, flexitime and a season ticket loan 
scheme. Our amenities Indude a leisure ce ntre 
and we are located dose to Warren Street and 
Euston Square Tube stations. 

Please send a comprehensive cv or 'phone or 
write for an application form to Bob Basden, 
Personnel Manager, Recruitment, Davy McKee 

(London). Limited, 250 I — 

Euston Road, London, PI 

NW 1 2 PG, Tel; 01-380 ■ » l/«flVV 

4001 . - - ; [fclr | | 1 

1111 . 1 A Dwy Cotporatton com pa ny 

Musicians Benevolent Fund 


The Musicians Benevolent Fund wishes to 
appoint a Personal Assistant to work for the 
Secretory to the Fund. 

Duties will' indude helping to seryfee the 
Executive and Finance Committees: attending 
meetings; dealing with correspondence and 
providing general secretarial services for the 
Secretary to the Fund. This post requires 
initiative, organisational skills and discretion. 
Previous experience as a Personal Assistant, 
first dass secretarial skills (100/50) and a 
pleasant outgoing personality are essential. The 
successful candidate will be over 25 years of 
age, educated to Afevel... standard, and have 
experience of using a word processor. An 
interest in music might be an advantage. Non- 
smoker preferred. 

Starting salary c. £9,000. 

Please write for application form and job 
description to Miss Ann De'Ath, Musicians 
Benevolent Fund, 16 Ogle Street, London W1P 

seeks secretary/RA 

Marina surveytog firm wftti offices in London, USA and West 
Africa, requires cheerful and enthusiastic PA/sacretay for London 

The office in London Is mainly a liaison centre and there are 
normally at most 1 -3 Directors in the office at any onetime. 

Since the Directors travel abroad, applicants must have fnltiativB 
and be able to take the responsibility of running the office when 
necessary. This involves fiaising between the overseas offices and 
important clients by telephone aid telex (Cheetah), often dealing 
with information wtudi requires prompt attention. 

The ability to make travel arrangements, sometimes at very short 
notice, is an important facet of this job. 

Fast accurate typing, good spelling and gramma- are also 
important in typing up handwritten reports tor clients. 

Salary; £8,000 - £10,000 plus perks, neg. according to age and 

Please send CVs to: ' 

Personnel Manager 


11-12 West Smithfield 
London, EC1A 9JR 




£ 10 , 000 + 

-- A 

• « 

AakttKI * Wna* CWnau of ■ 
(an*« PR ranwwWt* Endowed. 


Mi ml m mi 

ft-;""; 1 ' ! 

• ; v £ 


TTb warta h n fc joonu Iw ol U 
RWkB puUtabing grasp DMds i 
;*«• land Matt ai onfcity mW to 
’ hnp dwt of Ms nqiM Um. Yon 
wA bt grtqrta aB nmncaMaiU 
and Ay m basgnl pat to On 
Cunfeiitf’i - - ngvdkg 

- *” aegtatotous. 

rteszr-«>- spccatiavB). 

. ''01-6^.9686 


<£ 11,000 

to you ewttsd W tea ® 

Oy into ate wart n fad get ta ^ 
d w toapmara? Do you tana a. to” 
tonsMoB of 0W ararttoto »d w« 
to put K » good nsa? 
uaBtoyAwHbnt ted* ktetfqjng 
. Dnctur a a ntoHftr “d*®* 
a iw a &nept ceragany. ■« “ 
cqncnd to kaap Onx* 
tetooaaa attsttaa wa your WB." 
secnUrW 5*fts (91VS0) to 9<»d era® 
and aavatop youf «m raapuwM 1 ’” 
as n knporom wantear rf a lard- 
wofUng and ca unwed team. 


01-726 8491 

Judy Farquharson Limited 

47 New Bond Street, London, W1 Y 9HA 



£ 12 , 000 + 

faeo itiw PAto ron landnn offica 
for international businessman 
who trawls wteaswly. This 
(ten a nting position reputes, a 
soff-startar, wM excellent orga- 
rasational & nmnur&ation 
ikiBs. Discretion, fluidity & 
prawns aqieriB HCB in e safer 
stuation essential. Mnst bam 
jpodq^^JdjBAr a driving 

CITY - £12,000 

Top PA/Secretay to Chairman of 
rids, large Food Empire. Meads 
exeaflarttsMs, wart a ppearan ce 
and tire eMKy to convnmcatn at 
afl hvebL Age 30-40. 


A bright & ftenbte assistant rfr- 
gurrad by this finely, young cm- 
pany. Pbnty of limon &adirini$- 
tration - roust by prepared to 
woric hard. Good typing (50+) & 
WP eigMrience sssentia). %s 
early 20s. Satery £7J00+. 


-£ 10,000 

Dynamic yourg Araarican Com- 
pany need bright, numerate 
PA/Secretaiy to jw tifis small, 
keen team. Plenty of respoast- 
bflity, client gatson & adrairt. 
Most be wffing to team com- 
puter. Age 25-35. 


A New Career for 1986? 

Are you looking for a fresh challenge for the New 
Year? If so, this might be the opportunity for you. 
Allied Dunbar is one of the UK's most successful 
financial management companies and we are 
recruiting SECRETARIES and 

ADMINISTRATORS to join our West End offices 
in 1986. 

Our stafT enjoy responsibility and varictv in a 
young progressive atmosphere, and have room to 
develop in other directions as part of our 
administrative team. 

We expect good skills and sound office experience 
in return we can offer salaries c. £9.400 and first 
dass benefits. If you would 
like to apply ring 01-629 
8535 (24 hour ansaphone). 



The Bank For International Settlements 
an international institution in Basle 

seeks a fully trained 

Secretary/Shorthand Typist 

for its General Secretariat 

Candidates, who should be aged between 20 
and 25 and have English as their mother 
tongue, should have a good knowledge of 
French and German. 

The Bank offers an attractive salary and 
excellent working . conditions in an 
international atmosphere. 

Interested applicants are invited to write to 
the Personnel Section, Bank for 
International Settlements, 402 - Basle, 
Switzerland, enclosing a curriculum vitae, 
references and a photograph. 


circa £12,000 

Superb secretary required for Chief 
Executive, Covent Garden. 

Essentia! skills should include excellent 
shorthand, the ability to work hard and to 
support long hours. Not for the feint of 

Please send CV and recent photograph to: 
Diana Kelly, 41-44 Great Queen Street, 
London WC2B 5AR. 

Positively no agencies 



Secretary - Rooms Division £8,000 + benefits 

Owing to internal promotion a vacancy has arisen for a 
might and enthusiastic young person to provide a complete 
secretarial service for this vary busy area of the hoteL 
Aged in your early 20s you will possess good shorthand, 
typing and administrative dolls. Good communications 
dolls are regarded as essential as part of the work includes 
dealing mth drems and employees at all levels throughout 
the organisation, ^ 

Excellent conditions of work are offered including free meals 
on duty, interest free season ticket loan and cinema dis- 
counts along with other .benefits associated with a lea ding 
hotel group. ^ 

shm Id be made either by telephone or in wntim to- 
wu GrifljUts, Personnel Dejnrtsrent 

Raya! Lancaster Hotel 
Lancaster Tmace, LONDON. W2 2TY 
Tek 01-262 6737 

Trade 01-278 9161/5 

80-MC 7 ; : ETOOPEAN1IARKETI¥G £12,0 

Am^tS^feN^he^inte 1 %^is^to<lop^tesf6si6bf : ■■". '. 

Birop^ Warietng aowtes-To keep ..ihsfesnttvingemtfoi^^ -“SfS?* 

apacewrtho^w.^-marteqngtearn pte WRBasfcsafifyl0£95OOpks ■ - ■ . ,«i®wouw 
reqMesisecr^wahc^pc^ superb 6ene%'y)earp«^ttf£ C2jOC?a 

L < J;!' r>A VY>j 

£ 11,000 


.excellent "admmistrattoa and 

for this key position in a smalt 
represaitath/e office of a Swiss 
Bank. A minimum of 5 years 
exp, preferably n banking, plus 
eseftsnt see sHUs f 100/50) 
and word processtag.abi% are 
wared. Tel Annte « 623 

c. £10,500 SEC/PA 

Prestigious Cfty Merchant Bank 
needs a weft-organised sec- 
retary to work for liteircta 

ing US Marketing Director. Slow 
shorthand acceptable however 
Wang exp is essential are! it 
would be advantageous to have 
worked tor an American organ- 
isation. Age 25-35. Subsidised 
mortgage, BUPA, STL, We 
assurance and free lunch. Tei 
Aisle ee 623 4202. 


Merchant Bank requires hiphjy 
organised secretary to assist in 
busy staff department Age 25- 
35 with fast class secretarial 
skits (100/W +. IMP exp). 
Excellent banking benefits. Td 
DavUee 283 5581. 

.City Secretaries 

£ 10,000 

Do you respond go dnflenga’ Ov 
dtereta a profession! who has built 
Mdnlness through reputation and 
fja ni mutii tfan. As his PA, jpo 
mA phya rajor role — ,nmnteg 
tWbjs Io Ms absence. hndflng 
doxs. riat^ appotameras and 
aighor lrato ic. keeping on top rf«8 
current projects and . jjeno afiy- 
akh\g both inioute and respoosF 
bffity xrh a broad front. You VyW 
need prawn success In a demand- 
ing secretarial rote, excellent audto 
typing and piod WtoaVyfaoi 
praemation. Age 22+. The com- 
pany is Mayfiririued; uiifeulunt 
yet e xt remely friendly fbrfartfrcr 
details, please telephone D1-W3 

Gordon Yates Ltd. . . 

35 Old Bond Street, 

London W1 




ftr aa experienced PA/Sromaiy 
(2S-30) with at leas three yen* 
cxye ririwi and to m t spoken 
French. Yn wffl nccd tet «horl- 

to .enfc te 
aad Senior 

Re a ui tmeat Ct eiwimm 
22 Charing Cross Road, 

01-836 3794/5 



A cAalangttB opportunity «dna to 
nMst the dynamic friwMbnent 

Maneoer of Ms ' wautM 
company, Baaed h SWt. vMcfi 
penates gold. He O tnvotMd «flft 
martaUog gold m an mmtment tor 
prime MM&eria and Irntltutlcro 
n n« UK. Senior tawSP — eratai tel 
■aperient*. i ac atont Whip « UDs 

(100/70). WP knowledge and 
maneney eiwhHa L Salary to 
23^00 piui 1PV Bora*. BUPA. *» 
eswrencs. pension scheme' end S 
ntaks hda. Agp SIMa Ploen Itop: 

4344512 . 

Crone Corkiil 


99 Begort Street, W1 


You have good audio I 'rusty' 
shorthand slobs 3 'toafly a 
professional -ta rt y w d. - As 
secnrtary/PAtoa partner (nitb 
various iferests ' " 

charity, writing and 
a fm of Wf arcWaas you 


£3.i00-£9.700p,a. inc. 

One of the sereorman^ersbasedat our . 
Headquarters offices fioapStPaui's needs 
an experienced and d^ramfcseaetoy. • 
Cancfidates should have a jjpod educational - 
background, minirmjmipeeds 60 (typing)/-’ 
1 20(shprthand), andlSeenergyfD provide a 
oor^prebensive secretenalaeivioeinabusy. 
systems wocdd be an advantage. - - 

AppflcatiorKgsvlr^'ftrfdeladsof. . .. j ’ O- - 
quaBficaJions, experience arid present salary 
should be sent to theKfenagerof Personnel 
and Researchl^fejon, Courtenay House, 
18Warvncktarye I LondonEC4P4EBbyno 
later than Wednesday 22nd January 1986. 

TheCEGB isan EqualOpportunitjes - 
Employer . ; •_ : 

CamULBECTHaTYflarajm boam 

ire;- TTi ni.f ' 

PIMUCO - .. 1 : c £8^500 

Our top mcffkebng executive requires cm effiderti and 

the day-to-day running of ho 

nfs should be educated to O' level standard 

|PPBW|p^lf l iW»WA|iu*>W 

ca reer deta3s fo the Senior Personnel Officer 
]HQ ' Services], BrRuli;Ga^ 59 Bryaristori- Stieet 
MarWe Arch, LondorvVI/IA 2 AZ, quoting "reference 
nurrierMfCT/ADO. : . . . a 

British Gas^ 

an eaia/oppariimMiseinplqyw ■ 

Recruitment Consultant 

Graduate Appointments has always- been a 
leader in its field. With six specialist divisions 
and a mulfridisdplined team of twenty consult- 
ants ft is. hardly surprising, ■ . 

Our business grew rapidly dunng 1985. so 
much so that we are now looking for adynamic 
individual to join our Secretarial Division. 

You should have a disciplined sales back- 
ground, sophisticated presentation skills and 

ft Is essential that you understood the demands 
and subtleties of a consultancy environment 
and have the intellectual and physical stamina 
to develop arid sustain sound client and candi- 
date relationships. 

To cBscuss possftjifites. call ■ 

Lymt Beaumont on 01- ' — wirfi 

6297262. ' .-BnlllTWP* ,fl 


Press & Public 
Relations Office 

An effleiadand tnthusbnstic swawtsy is nwdnd for this mril but 
bopartment. As wal «s responslMIty tor aR Vtm ncratortal ami 
dericsl duties, you be nquirad to han«t wirnkto range of tete- 
phone eoquWms. 

Candktatcs-musthave accurate typing, expwime* of office sys- 
tw and ■ pteuant tatapbone manner. They wffl be expwtsd to 
operate a" word processor and most have speeds ot at least 
30wpm typing and 100 wpm sburthand. An faiteiast in tfie.hlstery 
ofort would be an advantage. .’V. 

The successful vpBcant wffl be appointed to the grwfc of special- 
ist typist - v 

Safeiy.£5,90D to £6,95^ phis profidency payments tor higher 


For-furttwT detWfelwvl an nppfcwOon ferm (to be rrtunad b* 
24th January) Mepbooe omrite to Mr W. P* Kenward, Natlonat 
G Ony, London WC2N SDN. Tet 01-8383321 

Ext 216; •' _ 

-An equal opportunity employer. Regtetered efisabled petsoos may 

Tha Royal CoBege of Nursmg ■ 



(teoiwad to provida a comprehensive sooatariat aid 

iSSSadvs ■■■uppoB-sdivfes " ml * h 

staff irfdte DMphrw Haeid flssaareh Davafoprtient Una. 


senior level within a roaewdi envirortnefit together with t tw 
aUEty to service comnsnaes are required. A knawtoog* « 


saMeyfs.eas-Eioia? pa. v' 

Newlfear — New Job 


The rewards are as high as toe demands in the world of financial 
consutancy. Osafing vriili major International. pubAc coriffiartes, toe 
enrhasfe is on preftabB^ and tun the daseiy knit team do not flinch 
tromcomm fl ment,terd work or long houis. 

Thfe 'Job. as PAtsac-to an umsuaDy brUHart man, requires a 
gregarious, 'City-wise 25-37 year old with a superb memory, who is 
unafraid of a heavy WP toad, some personal and admin work. 
Sensattonaloffice5iftEC2. ' 

NO SHORTHAND To £10,000 

A amafl but exparefing tinsncial company with toe strong bactong of 
one of Japan's largest commensal banks has now had a presence in 
London since 7983. Their 2 City^ased exseuthres need a qwde- 
thetiang poison to perform a three-told rale comprising admin, 
atementaiy book-ke^wig and secretarial duties. They occupy lovely 
modem Offices in EC3 and work a 9-5 day . If your written English is 
fauHfese andyou’ have tha maturity not to mtod worktog atone, please 
contact us. - 


With the many changes and rapid growth forecast tor toe City, this 
leafing investment bank has several opportunities for quick-toMm 
and setf-mobvatad secretaries used to working in a last-moving 
environment. An interest in current affairs, exceptional 
comramication Skite and presentation plus a Ugh degree of 
corranitmemwiH enable you to becomeavital and invatod member of 
toe team. Education to A level standard and sSdDs of 100/60 essentiaL 
Age range25-35. Superb banking benefits. 


Are you outgoing and rasaient with initiative, a sense erf humour and 
ftoent French? One of the mam board directors of this commodty 
trading firm near Tower HB needs a PAfeec with these attributes. He® 

Bench, travffis extensively and needs you to be one stop ahead of him 

to anticipate his needs. Good adrrfnistraliva skills are vital In order to 
cope with both ha busy wort* He and his personal affairs. You need 
speedfr oflOQflSQ pfas French shorthand, and should be aged 25/35. 

Crone Corkiil 

Recruitment Consultants 

18 EldonStreet, London EC2. . TeU 01 -588 3535 

. , :z&9r **.**,%* , .. ; 




Linklaters & Paines, a major City law firm, wish to recruit 
a Para-Legal to provide administrative support service 
within the Litigation Department. This involves working 
closely with partners and solicitors on a wide variety of 

Applicants should have a degree together with one year’s 
work experience in administration or an office environment. 
The ability to work on own initiative and to organise effec- 
tively is essential. Numeracy is important, typing skills are 
an advantage. 

Please write with full c.v. quoting reference PL1, to: 

Mrs A. J. Dickinson, 

Linklaters & Paines, 

Barrington House, 59-67 Gresham Street, 

London EC2V 7 JA. 




* v r 



Srooti execunve sec/pa re- 

ilttnd tv IMS expending young 
PR Co Work Oo»»ty win MD 
and nee your expand ccganna- 
Uoaa] rtcffls ■ cOtoe ue system* 


£9 3 000 

soa This office needs you lo 
worV as PA/omee Manaoar. 
Wordstar WP exparionce Is a 
most. Mm & g reet VIPs. Make 
dec mnn e and use your own ni~ 
ntnttve. lots of scope tor proaraa 
and )ob tnvolvensant In Inis busy 

£8,500 20+ 

A. Mnta&Ic cmortunUy has ari- 
sen for a dynamic sec/ofD ce 
managir In tuts smafl A friendly 
iMgn comsnny. deed stwe- 
diand/cyptop akWa essraoal aa 
wall as me abeny to orwilse (he 
office sod an artwork. Lois of 
involvement and var iety. 



Wen organised rt*it hsmd per- 
son req uir ed by Young Dynamic 
Sales Director of this video ad- 
vertising co. EeceUesd ahor- 
Oisnd/ typing skills. Numtjacy 
esenttoi to modior cash flow, 
keep petty enh tit L» of Wt- 
pnooe Ugdson wall ettems. Must 
be able lo work IndendenUy 
while boas to abroad. 


afcbatt afibatt albatt 


01-9373 676 

t-: V '• i-! 





Significant Internal Appointment 

in 1985, we responded positively to increased client 
demand for our Temporary and Permanent services 
and in anticipation of further planned expansion we 
recently relocated to larger premises. 

We are now seeking an experienced and committed 
recruitment specialist to expand oir Temporary 
services stiB further. You wiQ be fully aware of the 
particular demands of this aspect of the recruitment 
business and bring creativity and flair to what must be 
one of the most competitive areas of business fife In 
London. In return, we believe we can offer a genuine 
participatory retie in the development of our business, 
allied to a highly competitive salary, profit share 
scheme and additional benefits. 

For an initial dscusston, please contact Ian 

La Creme border with copy 

01-491 * Qgo 



c £10,000pa 

As Secretary to the Merchandise Director of Selfridges 
you will need to ba an outstanding PA/Secrstary. The 
areas covered indude Furnishings, Durables, Food, 
Catering, Distribution and Marketing making the position 
interesting and varied. 

Obviously you will need first-class shorthand and 
typing skills. A knowledge of word processing would be 
an advantage. 

Aged between 24-45, you w ill be used to working at a 
senior level and win need to be prepared fora hectic and 
demanding working life. The position offers ample scope 
to use Initiative combined with administrative and 
organisational skills. 

In addition to the negotiable salary, the job carries 
management status and offers excellent benefits 
including valuable shopping discount, health scheme and 
interest-free season-ticket loan. 

To apply, please send full details of your education 
and experience to: Rosemary Martin, Personnel 
Manager, Selfridges Limited, 400 Oxford Sheet, London 

There's no place like it! 

SefrOges LKL Cirfcro Street. Lwxkni WiA IA8 t^T****- 0i 629 1234 


We require the following shorthand secretaries 
with a knowledge of word processing:- 

(1) Secretary for international Lending Area. 
. Suitable applicant should be in the age group 25 

to 26 with previous banking experience. This 
vacancy offers the opportunity to become totally 
involved with the many aspects of Internationa] 
lending. The usual bank benefits apply including 
non contributory pension scheme, mortgage 
subsidy and LYs Salary commensurate with 
age and experience. 

(2) Our shipping division require a bright cheer- 
ful secretary to work for two directors and Tan- 
ker area. Applicant should be able to organise 
own workload without supervision. Benefits in- 
clude an annual, bonus In me region of 7.5 % and 
LVs to the value of £1.00 per working; day. 
Hours of work 9am to 5pm. .Salary commensur- 
ate with age or experience. 

Please write to Box 2238L The Times enclosing 
a copy of your C.V. and daytime telephone 


Sales Manager of expanding computer company 
naeds a Secretary /PA to help manage his Department 
You wfll therefore need to be able to: 

- deal with people pleasantly, confidently and 

efficiently on the telephone; 

- produce accurately spelled and typed letters and 

reports, from both dictated (shorthand) and own 

- provide support to the sales team; 

- deal efficiently with administrative routines 

associated with a busy office. 

We have the latest office technology here to help you. 
The salary is negotiable and there are generous fringe 

Writs enclosing CV to fan dark, Universal Computers 
Limited, 23 Paradise Street, London, SE16 4QD; or 
telephone Bernadette Befl on 01-232 1155. 

Swiss Back 

To handle busy international switch board and be 
responsible for reception area (some reorganisation). 
Spoken French an asset. 

. Public school background preferred. •' 

A presfiM position tor a professional 
... .£10#* pa 

Tet 01-822 9636 

- PwswRd Cowseflor 


* * 

* needs a Secretary /PA for the ChairrtMn and DireooK. Age 23 * 

* to 33, good typing, telephone znumer and appearance- VDU * 

* experience desirable, aUc to deal with people u all tarek. Some * 

A restaurant experience would be useful. Hot h ut c h .provided. * 
^ Salary negotiable. * 

* Plena write with foil O' to The Chairmen. IFhiu Elephant ^ 

ir Chib. 28 Curzon Street, London FIT SEA. * 

people. 0m 

As ifs Utf Nnv year, why ml 
turnover a new lap 

fiue you a senior secretary 
with extensive commercial 
experience anjfan^ar withal 
least one of the WP 

swims. AES, Digital Deemte. 
Oft* ET 351. WaiM. IBM 
Display/PC flr? Arp tm looking 
lor senior level assignments with 
top rales el pan all ucar round? 

Look no further. Wf have a 
plate far you Wilkin ifeMaStain 
NasA temporary team, where our 
high standards never goouloj 

Call Victoria Martin 
immediately on 01 499 9175. 


R-tmitmcnl CanaJlanis 
16 Hanover Square 
London WiROAU. 


Wi require a Research Assisiaot/Sccretary id join a small team 
of three in the P&O Group Corporate Fioaoce Department. 
Based in die West End, die work mil involve the collection 
and coflaiion of a wide variety of eommerrial/eooaomie data, 
in respea of the research and analysis undertaken by the 
Department; previous experience in a research environment 
with a knowledge of public information sources and micro- 
computer application is therefore desirable. 

Additionally, there will be a requirement to provide the back- 
up secretarial service m airing use of ehba <hnnhar>-i or antiin 
skills combined with use of Ward Processor equi pment 
A flexible attitude, tact and the need to preserve confidentiality 
in this conunercuUy sensitive position are wniriala The latest 
range of office technology will be used including micro- 
compiicn; appropriate e xp e ri ence would be an advantage but 
training will be grwm if accessary. 

The working conditions are first -class and an attractive 
employment package is offered. 

Please apply in writing, quoting current 
salary and enclosing a lull CV to 
Mas Allison Spong, Personnel Officer, 
Wfc. *. ^ Pe ninsular & Or iental Steam 

Navigation Company, Canberra 
House, 47 Midifleaex Street, 
London, El 7AL. 

Ask Alfred Marks 


Let us help you to have 
a happy and prosperous 1986! 

Our Clients are looking tot secretarial start at all levels and here is a smal 
selection of our new secretarial vacancies m the Wi area: 

Shorthand Administrative Secretary 
in Sales & Marketing 
c.£8,500 + free Whisky 
aad review in April + 

Training on WP 

This new position working lor two Sales & Marketing Managers m a young, 
informal friendly atmosphere will offer you plenty of career prospecis and a 
chance to become (ufly Involved in the secretarial and admin projects within 
ties department. Combining you good secretarial skills (90/50) and flee lor 
organisation, there will ba lots of telephone contact and liaison with various 
agendas. A high level of involvement will be accepted. 

Floating Secretaries 
in financial management 
c.£8,000 + WP training 
Free Life Assurance, BUPA, STL 

Are you a youig secretary with a pproxi m ately two years experience? This is 
an ideal opportunity to gain all-round experience before being promoted nto 
at area on a fuB time basis which suns you nest All your secretarial skills will 
be put to good use and other duties wS include making appointments and 
travel anatgevents, collecting visitors and dealing with telephone queries. 
Shorthand advantageous and Ufi training wffl be given on tha IBM Display- 
writer. '0‘ level education required particularly m English and Maths, inter- 

For further details for these and many other vacancies please phone Salty 

01-734 0157 
151 Regent Street 




The Housing Manager and Deputy Director ot Housing Services 
is looking fora PERSONAL ASSISTANT with the following qua/- 

Excellent typing (including audio). Good communication and 
organisation skills. Initiative. Plenty of drive and energy. 


SALARY:- Starting in the range:- £8,577 - £10.248 per annum 
inclusive. 21 days holiday. An extra day's leave at most Bank 
Holidays. Interest free loans for season tickets. Staff restaurant 
36 hour wortting week. Most important of ail, a high level ot job 


This is an ideal opportunity for a Personal Assistant who enjoys 
working on their own initiative. You will be expected to research 
a range of issues reporting directly to the Housing Manager. 
Telephone enquiries will be a major aspect of the job. including 
dealing with sensitive queries from Councillors, Council tenants 
and the general public. Word processing facilities ffe to be in- 
troduced when the Housmti Department moves from its present 
location to Barnet House. Whetstone. N20. in Spring 1986. 
Interested? Why not telephone the Housing Manager, Graham 
Moody, tor an informal discussion on 01-202 8282. 

This post is subject to LMGSC ring-fencing procedures, but 
with their apeement it is now being offered on an unrestricted 
basis. Applications are invited from anyone with appropriate 
qualifications and experience, but priority will be given to em- 
ploye as of the GLC and MCC’s. 

Closing date 24th January. 1986 

AppNeafioB forms from the Personnel Officer, Room 35. 





A vacancy has occurred Tor a Sales Assistant in the inter- 
national Soles Department. 

The successful person should be able to undertake full sec- 
retarial duties including operation of telex. A knowledge of 
word processor would be an advantage, and it would be desir- 
able tor the successful candidate to speak one foreign language 
other than FngiiOi 

Some opportunities for travel win be made avaikUe to the 
successful candidate, and os such, applicants should be prepared 
to work anti-social hours including those abroad. Candidates 
must be methodical, well organised and able to work on their 
own initiative. 

It should be noted that there would be considerable adminis- 
tration work in connection with the Company’s current contrac- 
tual arrangements with Special Broadcasting Services in .Austra- 
lia. In return the Company is prepared to train the successful 
individual to be an operational programme rales assistant. 

The commencing salary will be negotiable. 

Suitably qualified candidates should apply in writing to:- 
The Personnel Manager. TVS, Vinters Park, Maidstone, Kent. 
Quoting ReL No: J/SE/86. 

Closing Date: 14 January 1986. 


TO £9,500 

The successful candidate drill be a mature, 
experienced Secretary/P A aged approx 27/32. of 
good education. The job includes contact with 
clients, confidential board matters and substan- 
tial responsibilites for office administration in a 
company of 30 people. 

Please send CV to Jill Wallis, 


75-79 York Rd, London, SE1. 

Secretarial Recruitment & Selection 

Advertising £85094- 

Recently established and expanding business section of lending 
advertising agency requires efficient Shorthaad/PA to work for 
two .Account Directors specialising in both PR and advertising. 
Exciting opportunity with good career prospects. Rc£ S474 

Advertising £85004- 

Scnior Board Director of top advertising agency is looking for 
PA with previous agency experience. Shorthand not essential 
but must be prepared to do some audio. Responsible and 
exciting position. Age 23+. Ref S4S3 

Communications c£8500 4- benefits 

Successful, young, lively business communications company 
based in Won London require a lop class PA to work lor Their 
Managing Director. Excellent secretarial qualifications, 
enthusiasm and an ability to work on own initiative are 
essentials. Age — +. Ref C496 

Interested candidates should contact Sarah Shanock or Caroline 
Macqueen oir 01-734 6652. 

13/14 Dean Street, London, W1V 5 AH 



International Finance Company 
Mayfair. Salary up to £9,500 neg. +benefits 
Our busy in-house legal department requires an- 
other secretary to assist several young lawyers in a 
variety of UK legal work. You will have accurate 
audio typing and word processing skills (in-house 
WP training will be given if required) and legal 
experience is preferred. Flexible working hours. 
Please send full c.v. to Miss P Taylor, The Grey- 
hound Group of Companies, 9-10 Grafton St Lon- 
don W1X 3 LA. 


Up to £8332 pin £528 allowance 

The faculty of Mm i na trativc Sadia is seeking a reliable Secretary with 
accurate typing and mod s horth and skills. An interert in, or k n o w ledg e ot 
wont processing would be desirable. 

Appficsms should be able a dal easily with allleveb of off ud be able to 

The snecasafiil rand i dair win bare the opportunity a develop 

]| (jmnik ri*Ti vp drillg and tn Mte tm aAfirinmT iM ptij f iy iil iff tp CP U TFC . 

Further details and application bras are available by writing to the 
ftraoaoe! De partme nt. Sooth Bank Polytechnic, Borough Rood, London. 
SEI OAA. Please qaote REF: ADM 09. 

Oaring date: 24th January. 1986. 

■in Equal Opportunities Employer 


Top lend Senior PA reqtrirml by MO of City Bank. This poafflon wffl demand 
personal darflcatlon and the abOty to organise c o mbined with excellent 
gro o mto g and n a op hfaucatn domiooti Pulton are admWtomflra but nhoti w nd 
ere also bwotaxL Fluency h Portuguese a peat asset Agre 20-38. 
circa EM 5^X30. 


Mature, response* Audto Secretary required to work tor Vice President of 
very weB-tomm company baaed at Eaing. Abfldy to work on omi HtSatM 
essential to deal with marry varied dudes. Knmrtedoa of computing and/or 
another Europe an language an advantage . Age 3000 Salary EB.SOO +bane- 



7 Ludgate Sq. EC4 (Mon-Fr 9.30-4.30) <EMP AGY) 

6 These days I only carry j 
. it for effect. 

Never need to take work 
home now our temporaries 
come from... 9 



RMsWtg BQetiBue useful for this fairly senior job. An Merest in sports 
necessary to get involved tm Hie edtoral side, as ml as excellent actuarial 
SkSs-IDQ/80. Age 21-28. 

BANKING £11,000++ 

PA to Director of fiiis international bank you need to be extremely hard 
working, uhnetous and organised. Lots of adm in ht i ali en as wefl as draft 
contact Languagee useful. Top calftrs camfldates required. Age 19-24. 

FASHION £9,000 

The Director of management services of (his successful and young fashion 
company te looking for a vary competent secretary. Lovely atmosphere, heavy 
typing load but wondertift subject matter. An interest In computers, 
merchoxfistog and fasti too is essential as mfl as 80 shorthand and very fast, 
accurate typing. 

We asaSct foots® hryamo firadrafw to tie City as nett as CBftfO luru to 
W&End aid City. 

TM. Internationa] LM 
50 Hans Crescent SWl 


kKfvxfual career 
advice fo r 
secretaries aid 
personal assistants 

to Group Chairman 

We are a fast expanding publicly-quoted advertising and 
public relations consultancy. 

W« are looking fora top PA with excellent secretarial and 
organisational skills who is accustomed to working at a very 
senior leveL Experience of word processing would be an 
advantage, although training will be given if necessary 

The ideal candidate will be personable and intelligent, with 
a pleasing, lively personality tactful, discreet and confident 
-and with a sense of humour! Preferred candidates will be 
aged 24-28. 

The work is pressurised, often highly confidential and this 
is reflected in the remuneration package. 

For further details please contact Jane Sowerby or 
Fiona Harrison in die strictest confidence on 01-730 3456. 

opened her own office at Iho 

top of St Christopher's Race. 


Rione her or Octavio for 

temporary cDd permanent secretarie s . 

First Root 69 Wlgmore Street London WIH9LG 01-9359692 

South Bank 

I Polytechnic! 

Teaching for tomorrow 
in the Mart of London 




This S star exclusive West End hotel has an exciting opening tor 
an outgoing and immaculately groomed secretary. 

The successful candidate wfl be aged 25+ with excelent 
secretarial skills including shorthand, typing and telex operation. A 
foreign language would be an advantage. 

Working Monday to Friday, we provide free m e ti s on duty, a 
smart suit phis numerous company benefits. 

If you feel that you meet the above requirements please send 
your fUfl curriculum vitae with recent photograph and present salary 
details to Box No 1719 N The Timas. 



iti^ opiartway to a IvigM yoo« dwfiwti soxdiiy to aobr fame W1 casnefia 
tone. M tody waked to tec toy aatatfe dqwtncnt Oft takes ICtao 499778 L 


and pin i carer tott Bit nbta w p urin g eretol rresacb rwrpaif. ta id M) ant 

draft** bx ^ dotted saotteid espeiua to tte W dai« P* •ra'- 

drevv dry. C* Ctotan UcOtraoti 4917638. 

115 ■ — Bred to.lotira.YH 


A vacancy exists tor an Assistant to the Director of Builders 
Merchants Federation. 15 Soho Square, London W1V 5FB. 
Accuracy In shorthand and typing essential with abfifty to 
work on own initiative and who wffl be involved in 
conference organising in both U.K. and abroad. Preferred 
age 28-40. £9,250. 

Write urgently in first instance to 

Federation Secretary A. J. Lambert 



A capable and bright sBcretay « required to provide support to the Professor 


ibSfy rad year outgoing 
kyruEbtoKe. Tgfcanrteg Ray SkUm 11-734 Ml 


CITY 01-6C8 STl/WBT END 0*493 0092 

The first numbers to ring 


An efficient and responsfifte person is required to acr as PA to 
the principal of a Consulting Engineering practice. Good 
secretarial sfctite pfos a flak for etfimniszration required. 

The petition offers a varied role with wide responsibilities 
for tee right camfidaw. . . 




Enargauc and wri organised? Looking for a ragpo nri ble 
position where extensive initiative le-requirad? We can offer 

yrasehaSengma petition at part of our Personnel Team. 
As wafi as dealing with ths secr et arial and udminteratiue 
work tor the department you wfil be hanefing the day-to- 
day staff enquiries. 

Applicants must be experienced secretaries with good 
short ha nd end typing speeds together with a good 
educational b ack gr ou nd and a very pleasant manner. We 
offer a salary of £8«000-£8,500 ps. and free lunches in our 
staff restaurant. 

Phase Bend your curricukm vitae to: 

Mrs Susan Hughes. Personnel Manager 
or tele p hone ' 

01 -829 8888 axC 721 3 
to tiscun the po si tion further 
(Closing date for appBc a tkx n -W miiaad ay IS. 1.86 


Paris Lane. London WIA2HJ. 



NVC Arts International which specUses to worldwide TV and 
video distribution of music and arts programme s are looking for 

Must have ex ce lent secretarial skills. Inducting short han d, audio 
and WP, as we9 as initiative and a fialr far organisation. Speed, 
accuracy end a cool head eeeenttaf. Legal experience pr e ferred, 
but any background requiring an exceptional degree of a tt en t ion 
to detai considered. Salary up to £1(M)00 aocorang to age and 
exp eri e n ce. 

To provide sa c re t artti . clerical and administrative assistance to 
the General Mana ger. Must have s u b s t an t ia l office expe ri ence, 
good secretarial sms, inducting shorthand and WP. and be used 
to working wfth computers. Organi sa tiona l abitity and an eye for 
detafl essential. Salary up to £8500 according to age and experi- 

Please apply ta writing no Mar than 17 January to Peter Frazer, 
General Manager, NVC Arta totarrational, 31 La nc as ter Gate, 

General Manager, 

London, W2 3LP. 



Royal Institute of British Architects 

This post, working for the E duca t ional and Professioaa] 
Development Department, will give you m good grasp of ths 
Institute’s activities. Educated to *A* level standard, with at least 3 
years’ experience, you must have good admin ability and Grst-cbss 
secretarial «fcilte including audio. Familiarity with word p roc es sing 
would be usefuL 

Commencing salary £8,702 (under review). Benefits include 23 
days’ holiday plus 1 week at Christmas, and £150 per day LVs. 

For further information phone .Vivila Mortensen on 01-580 S333, 
Ext 4126. Royal Institute of British Architects, 66 Portland Race, 
London, WJ. 


£10,500 + EXCELLENT 

Are vou poised, cheerful and 
ca&n? Do you haw previous 
bating experience wfth good 
skflls and the ehffity to cope wfth 
tong hours? If so. wri estab- 
lished and B randi ng baft nor 
Liverpool St seeks a supportive 
Secretary to woric in a sbmulat- 
mg and pressurised environ- 
ment Aoe 22-38. WP Knowledge 



hwsn Brokers «8b offices 


To work with the two male partners of 

Who arrange specialist tours to Britain from the US for 
groups of people wishing to have an in-depth experience of 
British Theatre: Performances, meetings with actors, 
directors, critics. 

What we reaDy need is a super, efficient wonder, over 30, 
who is p r ep a red to take on a lot of responsibility in the day- 
to-day running of this quite complicated business. Good 
typing essentiaL Hours 10-6. Salary £9,000. 

Phone Richard Barran 





This new consultancy ycdaSses in Senior level appointments for the • 
Se crc t aw / Fcoonal wMi ■ nf p mcpfati oB «ni ® 

a proftuional approach. a 

We deal with positions of a diallcngiiig nature that re q uire energy, • 
eatbosiun] and nearly always a sense ofhumonr. . • 

If 1986 is the year for your new cueer we would be de&ghled to • 
bear from you. ® 

Coil uj today for an initial dm. • 

Foster Cruach • 

243 Regret Street, • 

L oa d — W1 J 

01-408 1611 • 


SECRETARY/PA required ftir small design 
consultancy in Covent Garden. Must br well 
organised and able to work on own initiative. Fast, 
accurate typing and book-keeping experience 
essentiaL Age 2S-35. Salary: c £9,500. 

For farther information, ring Carolyn Smith on 01- 
430 1781. 

Secretary/ Administrator 

required for the Partnership Secretary of a large architectural 
practice In Parkway, Camden Town. 

Appftcants aged between 25-35 should have good secretarial 
skills, office administrative experience & the aMty to hands 
a very varied programme of work. 

Hows bf work 9.30am to 6.00pm, Monday-Friday. Salary 
around £9,000. 

Pl eas e apply in writing toe The Partnership Secretary, 
Shepard Robson, 77 Parkway, Camden Town, London 





We are lodkingfor a bright young personal secretary to work 

for our Director of HnaneeL ‘ 

In teuton to shorthand and typing, skills of 90/S), you will 
need to be an organised andfrmcfole person, capable of co* : 
ordinaring his routine, end rieaBng with other members of 

Staff . . . ; 

We offer a competitive salary, five weeks hefiday in the first 
year (sx thereafter), and a 32 ft bourwrakingwedc. 

If you areinterested, please ^gtiy e nriow ng curiicuJum vitae 

to: ■ ' • " 

The Perscamd Manner ; 

“ The Observer lid. " 

8 St. Andrews HU! - 
LoihIob EC45JA ... 
orTeh tl-235 0202 ext 2225/2568. ”* 

French t K5OT 

Wa are an imentahonaf banking r ac ruflrngttcoowritagyspec ^ bing 
in non UK. based rmdde senior exacuftre a ppot nh neno and now 
seek a graduate secretary to work with the European team. 
Preference wSba given to reoert graduates but we w« also conskfar 
non-graduates with proven ab®y. Prevktes worfc aqperieoca is not 

Cantfidates should be fluent in French 8nd French shorthand would 
be an advantage. As much of 8n work w« be tinsqrerefead.flw 
position requires accur^st^ing. raff motivation texfUteritva. - 
Work in this busy end frioriyrafflee wfi-inckide eti a spect s of 
secreterial and adm h tisfr a five work, tr ansla tion aid overseas pboqo- 
cals. Wfth a possttRy of team fltis t a p r aa e nts an awcatiant 
(ytyrttway to beconw totaB ^r awohred In the executive feauRmenr 
busness in French speririr^Eteopa • 

Please send a detaledCLV. for -tire attention of Jan Andrews: ? 
Jonathan Wert fe temation ai Ltd 
17D Btehopgate 
London EC2U4LX 

Tat 01-623 1266 •. 



Itts waWmovm aid suawsful mui&ntiSnBl company is taoktog far i ferigM, 
apabb a atay to comtafe its dosetoftt: p a ra conel tom, teed to 

AoecaSs stnid bt atocated to A-Lavti standard wfth fni-cbss aacnMti 

sws foctafog s h orth an d ant wad-groeessra) and sheng 
vgarasmanai/amruHstiam aoray.- u* s acce asM cannOBte wn tee a 
ftaxttfc ategtiog pasona% and wS and to da m n ate a caramitmirt ant 
to&ta, as w«8 as (SscratioB todteng wftb mtoeriai tf a coufldertU etowe. 
to atkSten to alrightjr tampeOive sszrf, wa offer 3 range of toga co mpany 
ben^s toctadtog private nudtoti cover and seasn tiefot iom. 

If you ire teady to tala the dtattangi and would. Hue the chance to work «. a 
pfofejfflonti and sOoxdtoing anvko«nert ptoasa wtite; eadtitogG.V. 
currant salary and daytime a tatoo n e number, hr Mrs MaMme Waring, 
Pwsonrai AdnMs&toDr. Psps-Gota (Nartbep Europe) Lid . 2 8d Snat. 
London, SW3 1AA. . 

P.A./SEC SW1 £10,500 F.A.++ 

This busy Director te ata^e management consutoocv needs i 
‘right hancf who wB be able to work under pressure, «ael wfth a 
targe amount of admin, client contact and a varied workload. 
ImmactdaiB sec akflb a must fah/audto + WP) end Bit suoneaeU 
sppKcantwSbeabout30yra. • • ' 4.. . . . 

£9,000 PJL 

This smafi Go b kxftdng for a britfrt shfeec fl W/W wto have a 

■erne of humour, irufetiva, be rasponrtfte & er^oy worktog for 3 
9°”— ■ Pteaaacoroa a n d a a a ua today crteto ph o n e O al lr Ow te ie - 
on 01-2358427,4 Pont Street London SWIX 38. - 

K nightsbridgt? 


v ■ } /. V i 

: :V : 1 1 1/: i J i itTCAEA 


C. £9,500 + COMMISSION/ 

If you are ambitious and seif- 
motivated with an effervescent 
persuasive personality and the abffity 
to type accurately — high speed not 
essential — you have the necessary 
ingredients for this chaHen^pg 
position. You should also be^n your 
20 r s/30's wHh a proven track record 
within an office environment . L 
(previous sales experience not 
essential). Attractive peris + 30 
days holiday. 

CaU 588-5081 (City) 
or 408-1631 (West End) 



I 26+ 

to axdwnga tor B » sao m writ jay you CAOOO pa. Aga tomtorw: 
TM^huna 01 821 1775 

Professional public relations 
department -within a top 
Mayfair based co m p any 
need an organised confident 

The abfifty to Mse wRh the 
press end professional 
bodies essential. • Maintain 
department records, 

organise - meetin gs and 
confere n oea In return -for 
excefient conditions and 
banaflts, . . 



Propwty Oaniapwa twrad to SWl 
roqum a ip w toim art RA/aac r raw y 
toft analant Biffirptag. MK teg 
and VVP aidto. Protoua ra pwtonra 
roqidraAAnNndChWnO.. . 

eissss sgr** 


raqufraa tiacrateiji 

Raceptionfit ". AMfeant 
Spoken and written Raich an 
advanttge.’ - ? 

T a l ap h o n aWatellsan . . 


To *2 l1 L* ,r ' a ^ frientfiy company 
To be part of Its tean. 

To earn money rather titan 

eft these Fuoiutioas fear 
toeato your New Yaaris 
nonoors and ftyou can type a 
“Wmura of So wpm, are a 
teaed WR operator and wfiSog 
to work hard but have fun toa 
zany W1 advertising company 
wftwe two Account Managers 
need calm and Canada 




Bxpoteroe to becann involved 
at the mod-sBntorfevBf ctf tt» 

— n 1 — r ^ ■ I ‘I 





PJL TO £13,089 




* uftjw opportunity Ins jusw to 
walk . for a - mil known - tutor 
(ipsdaMig now*, tow ptays 

and tcadBinir imte) in- lib tamo. 
Ttds h a fHdrcring and varied Job 
touting tomtom mAh m mutant 
otfajctitatf background, .-MaDbto 
starttand/tyjiing skffls (lTO/6Q*pm 
and Wftand 'w-ujpf&ud and odnr 

own- ettonraL Non smoker -and 
driw. Pleaca cate -_ ; 

‘ - 43*4512 


» w oiii w « fli*wiia. '■ 

99-Rsgent Street, London Wl 


fimosphare. Excellent salary 
and benefits. 

... Tefc 01-499 6S6B 

LglKtjwVi ?ytTy 

I s 


Aiwwpprtion tw ariaa n In 
Watt Bid olfce otthto Executtre 
Sarah' Conautancy lor eh 1 
arthuatoafic eecrattry. A good 
educational background together 
wttft up secretarial- skate wte 
— oure fhto portion Ur some on e 
wtth tafttoDre and an unettm 
otophone aenner. 

•rate portion to mnnM by * 
goodasmy a n d bane— L 

Ttarte' write now and ' tend a 
copy of your Mr N fcfa o lae 
Jana*, Master HaanafloMil Ud, 
M totawor Mace, Loodon 
HT1X7HH. ... 

01 235 9614 . 

r/ iL* i 



cCftQOO - 
Two younirdBsigmra ntad j 
bubbly personality to become 
part of a successful- team. 
Superb -offiixs sb/typing.- 

Call taaa Mums 






Expertaneed, SH Sac 100/60 
(or Managing Director at 
expanding MsJgn Orm 
Lots of lotaphann work, 
client contact - - Good 
personality, enjoy being part 
of a team, sound general 


Please caN Sheryl Simmons 

439*7766 . 



(Audio) to work on own 
mifittive for . . senior 
partners . : of txpBodnii 
property practice in New 
Bawl St Salary from 
£9,500 PA +bonn*es. 


secretarial sMBs, iussm a enemy 
and afttustesm and -would enjoy 
writao 4s part ttf a tean h i 

newly opened' rffica then to fr 
the fib ftryuu. You w» work with 
a dynamic department manaaer 
who wHWn and Involve you in al 
ggicts of the properly world. Age 

of Bond St. 

Reorudment Consultants 
tfcHa. (awiAwti f ia wi ttot 

Smith to « 

■oen meet thto chaflang*, 
tone Andrew Maa%- 
ta arrange a meetin g ; 


world’s Leading 
InternfliioDal, . V ’ * ■ Nrwx, 
Information: *. . - a- and 
Communlctrio ni- ■ Company, 
seeks English qusher tongue 


for senior egec uriv e m Paris. 

e n v ir o nm ent within small very 
- senror management team. »•• 

languages, shorthand a dmmet 
adnmage. Higb Salary. 
IImm das USm J. Yoeafc <***) 
42MMM «r «Z£HCt> *ar mteiato. 


required tor Pe raa wtol Aa etotent 
to Deputy Chairman ol W* 
Limited Company who’* actMttoa 
Mud* ■- otunwteiip of- ae 
toaunnoe Company and toadtog 

Wort Pmewaini 'aWt ,end 
totowtodga ol ti» worMnga of toe 
London Non-Marina. Inaurenca 
market- e a ee nftal . Marty agad 

»k - 

Thto to a naw portion art*! »i 
amanrtna flnxm and oitora an 

m qparrtna 

emrefient aafay and proipacta. 

Iter Wrttiar rtoirt e pteqw ert M 


SECRETARY- sought for 
Director of investment/ 
development cbmpany'.in 
West -End." good .sbwt- 
hand/typlnff. MWmum 2 
years’ experience In prop- 
erty maria*. Naagendwe 
- TwL 01*48111010. 

' ContwctKatty 

. , flrsttatt audio 1 • 

Personal Secretary 

with fast accurate typing sab 
aoogM byfrteodV, Wgh powered 
Wl sdtttor*. imerastfoa wwk.. 
main^ International Wgatipn. 
£9,000 pfuatostart Contact 
' Mr. Noonan 
0M37W8S .. 

nagufrit rtpadanoad 're apOMMa 
and eortMart 9aorataiy,.iD writ «t 
<frac tor tow*. Good |#w;-and 
shortiand . .wttwitlaL . Maty 

{Unit;. • v 

. Pteaw Gootoel Sartb 
. 61*489 83S4 


Ney.v pro pcrty aevelopmept 
company based, in May&tr 
offers a ebaflengiag ".and 
excaiog Jong tens ptxritioa 
for tbe right person . 

Satary c£9 r SOO + boons 
Cord well Property Ltd 
Mount St, Loodon Wl 
Tefc 01-491 1438 


CE8.000 + Benefits , 

Th a AdmMaaator of our PMMi 
Ttoychtortc. HciapM In Hampataad to 
looking lor m axparianoad PA Wh 
:«rtltenalapad.Mto>in and o rp M il rt ig 
abRIy. -A -pood- aducaUnnal .. back- 
graund to required wNh asrd prooaa* 
alng ObHRy or wMngnan to learn. A 
ganaral knoatedgo o( hoapinl atruo- 
ttra and tarinbiotoBy woukt be an 
■dvahiaga but to not aa boportanl as 
Mttodva and dtou adon.' For fiathar 
datrtapteamert Parsorvwlon 

. 01-3511272 

. (noaganctesl 


Personal Secretary/ 

S ato i y pi a o m aLWBpfaa h rtrt b i 
Wtoridng for iha .Orecp . Chairman 
and Group Managing tractor, Wgh 
laval of aamtardrtSto and an £- 
By to work mtor pressure are 

It to nacaaaary tad ths suecassU 

pasanl Astetat art Ws i«h 
paanM «n»ta* «fl| Up. fiB 
toteH dWrt + 



Moment) 2Ht 
rf mart tepa wnte. ”8*6 
naooBi tor Mteoent ltel WQl- 
: ftece7»3)«M*W«K 



Experienwd and responsible 
Wp operator.Toquired by City 
SoMors (Milas 33 expert 
. jonco. an alyantags, but will 
cross train). Aga 25-35. Sal- 
; aiy£9,(M)0 + benefits,. 



For Managinf Director of nfo- 
sumrial .maw a gSp^ «mi members . 
*gwy, 1 present incumbent 
promoted; Real . opportunity to 
contribute to the management of 
ibis' rapidly developing company 
which is moving to-new office* in 
February ’86. SzUry indicator 
fll',000^ 12,000. '. 

App&cants with'nrimniaia 4 A* 
level education, good. skilh (wp 
kntrwfcdgE an advantage but 
training wjl! be imiqed if 
ncoesary) and minim um five 
years senior scatiariil opeai- 

cnee arc invited to telephone 1 

Geraldine Anion on 623 S000. 

{No Apda Ftcatc) 


£8,SH nag. 

Wit are a tarn taamattanal 
Advertising Agency In St James's 
Square and am aawdng anUafigant 
vuttmlaatfc. teuftto p*non wflh 
good aaoretarial akBa end aound 
admin OKpartanoa t6 work wHitna ot 
w Na a n m loB a l Qlreeasre. Our Ideal 
appicanc would ban a knouMga or 
Marast h a d nrtrtM. the rtflfy to 
Mn wffii aar rtants and aafl on an 
farnnarional baste and As conUdanco 
u work aa one d a team on Ma 
tmporttott f^rfi-thlng Account ’ 

If you are tooktog for vartaty, 

£10^000+ BONUS 

KgMy .aodakwd and raopoctad 
agonqr lte sanbW London naadS a 
Pereoirt Aaatotant tor a poputor 
surtor Director. Hto raaponrtwHn 
are rtdo ranging, covwtog advartto- 
tng. reafor c*am handtog Mid man- 

egamen antagy, he therefore naMa 
an art— It orgintoar to asstot Hm. 
Shis of 100/M, smart appearance 
and aanaa of mmour neoseaww. Age 
2B-32. Pleeae rtn(t- 



Bec u uhiuem Cowaottanta 
99 Regents Street W.l. 

Audio Secretary 

Age 26 plus 
Salary £9,500 neg. 

A firm erf corporate Brancs wMsare 
are Bwfdng a secretary in |otn their 
and team tn jrteasam. open plan 
offices; near Reel Street and 
. Hotoom. Applicants shmkrf hmri 
round aantalal sxperisnee and 
sound comm er ci a l background to 
deal wflh a variety of duties 
hcJwBng heavy audlo/copy typing, 
work load of buqf office. Wlxd 
.fmxessing experience an 
advantage. Barms- Include 4 
weeks holiday.' metfleaf Insurance 
and season ticket loan. 

Please write with tv. to: 

Janice WaRat 
Larpcst Nmetn 4 Co. U* 

7th Rev 

Leodoe EC4A 1 

Typist £7,800 

Shorthand typist are required 
immadiatety for & modem office 
pleasantly situated near Clapham 
Common. Hows are 9am - 5pm, 
Monday - Friday & meals & 
refreshments are provided tree of 
citarQB. Leave entitlements are 4 
weeks or entry, (pro rata lor new 
entrants) rising to 5 weeks alter 4 
years. Salary is £555 par month 
Minimum qualifications are 
100/40 wpm. & those 
interviewed win be required to 
demonstrate their ability to 
achieve the standards quoted. 
Applications with detailed C.V. 
should be ssnt to Mrs. I. G. 
Morgan, Typing Area Supervisor. 
UCW House. Crescent Lane, 
Clapham SW4 9RN to arrive no 
later titan Friday, 17th January 

Market Research -. A 
fascinating Sold In itself -can 
provide . a tremendously 
. stimulating environment 
when applied to the 
International money markets. 
A Vice-President of an 
America) Investment Bank 
needs a first class 
PA/Secretary with an interest 
hi current affaire to provide 
total support and backup. 

1 /rectors ^ 

%U' : lei: 01*629 


Department of Neyrofogical 


required to work for Professor 
Nevrsam-Davis end Ms dtntcal 
research team. Excellent typing 
andsudo-typlng skins e&senm 
Candidates should also have 
knowledge of or an interest bi 
learning word processing. 

Salary on scale £5384 - £6459 
(ureter review) pfus £1297 
London Allowance. 33 hour 
week. 34 days leave inducing 
Bank H oil days and fixed days 
When the School is dosed. 
Interest free annual season 
ticket loan. 

Further particulars and 
appScabons forms available 
from Scnool Office, R.F.H.S.M., 
Rowland Hfl Street, London 
NWS 2PF or telephone 01-794 
0500 extn. 4282. Please quote 
reference S/JND, Closing date 
17 Jamary 1988. 



Swiss Re (UK) have a vacancy for a Secnrtary/PA for ihci r Assistant 
General Manager responsible for (be Management Services Div- 
ision _ This Division has a wide range of responsibilities and assist- 
ing in to administration will be a major pan of this job. Duties in- 
clude organising meetings, tak ing and preparing minutes, handling 
communications and operating a ward processor and PC for some 
aspects of die work, including producing management information, 
statistics and budgets. 

The chosen to fill this position will have a mature and 

flexible attitude to their writ, much of which will be confidential A 
good academic standard of education is required with five “O' Level 
passes and good shorthand, typing and WP skill Experience of the 
IBM WP/PC wfll be aa added advantage. 

A competitive salary plus benefits is offered. 

Initial letters qf application including a fall CV should be sem to: 
Ms J. T. Bmrgess. Personnel Officer 
Swiss Reinsurance Co (UK) Ltd 
108 Cannon Street, London EC4N 6HE 


1H8 to airaitdy proving to be ex- 
tramaty Ousy and m urgently 
require experienced, top ertbre 
cecrewtoe and wort prooasBtng 
dim Mora to eofflpmnant our 
•xpandng temporary rMekxi. 

We offer exertara rates end a rer^ 
lety ol asalgninnta tn el ereee of 


Contact me now and aoa rttat 
ooportunfllaa are avalabta tar yoid 


WW known London Hotel 
meda a See «rth ONcaacn 
Sn a typing phis Bvtey par- 
sonatty. Tnair Chatman & 
puHc retettona offieara ere 
toddng tor a super organ- 
iser with vary good tai 
manner. Lota ol variety & 
tremendous tun. 23-2S. 





independent Broadcasting Authority, based, in Knrahis 
bridge, requires a secretary to work in the office of the Drrec 


£ 10,000 

aucoaaatul Chatort 

property Co- la looking tor 
aomsone to rotaly organise 
their chairman. Applicants 
start be mrtn & capabie 
A prepared to turn a hand to 



tBJB 90 



An opportunity has arisen to 
work for the Senior Partner of an 
expending firm of commercial 
estate agents dose to Oxford 
arcus. FrleritSy but extremely 
busy office. 9.30-&00. 4 weeks 
holiday. The successful 
applicant may wefl have 
previous property experience; 
knowledge of KSL DRS 8801 
word processor an advantage, 
but wil train. 

Salary 6X10,000 pa. 

Ring Jo foreppolnonent on 

631 1923 


Wl- £9,000 

As a RacapdonteL to the superb 
of Scan, you wto order theatre 
tickets, book c u ntai an ce rooms, 

£ 8,750 

For dynamic yourw chairman of 
city group with diversified 
interests. - The successful 
candidate w« be e graduate and 
have e strong personality, the 
confidence to taka on some of 
fits chairman's workload and 
ambttfon to progress quickly. 
Minimum of one years 
experience is essential together 
with excellent skBs ana the 
capacity to organise. 

Pteasa ceR EBeen Price on 
81-240 9384 




- Pabutons orwortuMtv'tor youno 
Mraon' aft- 60 . U Hn tenffle aaka ' 
company baaed N. London, to art 
Imported doddnO- EtoMVtmte In 
auuno. zweocutlna. dmonHTH- 
tng or exwuttva MCramv. 
Ewsdngs MtA-baart mi artuv 


Write with rauw datalM to: 

tor fivltMr tororiBatiaa. 



nd agencies. 

Tel 834 8000 

Hrtabto, MM-fflotNstad. poraonsbto. 
■omettows brtyfi) eoirtit to |otn 
p rogreMbw pnopsriy owelopfrtont 
cofiya n toa London Team ol S. 
Efflctoncy, speed, accuracy, ortar «nd 
c o mm on win ouenttaL Expariancs 
of property / bufcBng and WJ> an 
•diranliioa. Soon of humour vital. 
Ptoeofl apply to handwriting rttfi typed 
C.V. to D Buton. Director, Toertand 
Qroop, Bfekett House, 27 Atbsmarta 
Street W1X2FA. 


2 Rosts - quits different environ- 
rravits (ahtaugh both chzrrmerr) 
tach requiring a sophisticated 
hard working PA with, pubfic 
school education, good skats 
< 100 / 60 ) and experience at very . 

senior level. Age 25-35. Contact 

Jssspblse tfontsna on: 

629 4343 




Age: 25+ Circa £&50D pa 

No Mcratariti skflsreqtered fMteto 

position but fcno w todga or 
reaidanttoi property to assantM 
togettwr wNh a flaidbto appraedi 
and oroanltlna ibOBv. 

The succssstti canddsts wto bs 
respcxrtbto tor acnadrtng tha 
vtoidnp of proparllas art toaktag 
alter the varied concern of cRants 
movtog to the London area. 

For furtur durts. Job daaalption 
■ndappScaUon Kirin, ring OSS 131A 
No agendas. 


. Lively, intelligent PA to help 
launch - TV Farming 



Wa are urgently wa ki ng tap-cnlbra 
bBngual aacraterias for a variety of 
stimulating and rewarding positions 
In and around London. If you are a 
Junior or sartor secretary ana have 
any ot tha foBowtoa languages; 
French. German. Itaton. Spanish, 
Dutch Swedsh, Portuguese, please 
ert us tor hxther uataSo. 

Haraw Emptaymenl Agency LU. 

ThA " A *- ,r -* 

Nachm Conservatories 

Bright erthunstie ' Sacrelary/PA 
tagwly reqnad hr busy design stafio 
a Bdte g nw rtoertda itew lcpawat in 
Battersea An rtsest to canputsis 
(pmnred to mini in Bdftkn ta narnri 
nenbriri sUls md WP. Aa 
opportunity re jeto ■ sort hw«B» lean 
ted ta (Mtlval to al aspects of the 
Coopara with on npfaani ai rates. 
ta dnvir. 2S yean pho. Salary 
£8,750 (unagotitele. 

Pbns writ* wNhC-V. to: 

Ranona's Dock, Parbata Rd, 
Loadoa, SW1 48P 




A great chance tor « conegs lasvar 
to progress to a rtghty successful 
Brm of inanag«nant eonsuksnto 
wtth supert offices near Marfato 
Arch. Youv work tor tha head of 
rsotetman to an suiting and 
tactic smfronnan: and own good 
office expertonce todudkig word 
processing- N you can write French 
or German tost could he talphA 
Amongst tha benefits offered sis a 
canteen and gym. 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consultants 
(to SS. (ml door la Fmwitb) 

01-629 1204 

As well as having excellent shorthand and typing skills and 
previous experience, the person appointed must be able to 
deal polrtely with all levels of staff and contacts, treat confi- 
dential matters wflh integrity and work melhodfeafiy under 

Salary range £7,285 - £8,885 

For an application form please phone 01-584 7011 x390 (9-5 


An Equal Opportunities Employer. 



SALARY £7,000 pa 

We need a presen rahie Receptiomn with excellent idepboor m a n n er u 
operate simple telephone sysurm Bad type for busy sales team. Prcf I year’s 
experience. Min SO wpm aociumu typutfi. Eiretfenl opportunity to learn 
Wp an] blest teefanokey- ■ —m i w wn-WTra 




Agency, near Covent Garden, 
requires a hard working, 
.confident and weH spoken 
Secretary. for their 
I n t er national Director and his 
team. Fast, accurate typing and 
shorthand essential, pics Word 

Processing experience, at least 

2 years experience at Director 
level is essential. Lots of 
Involvement and client Bel son. 
Contact Ann Hall on 01-836 
9901. No agencies, please. 

Please send CV to: 
Undine Bowm&ker 
ICA Europe Limited 
Mercury House 
195 Knlghtsbridge 
London SW7 1RG 


A smaf . prestigious. Ann of City 
■state agents sacks a young 
Secretary /Rocs poonist to join 
their busy office. This position 
woiid be Ideal tor a cottage 
leaver or a second lobbed A 
thorough training wS bo given m 
al office systems, including the 
use of the latest WP. 50 wpm 
audio abaity needed. Shorthand 
Juat an asset. 

cmr 2*0 3551 
WEST END Z403S11/3S31 


Raaukoert ConaJtoiib 


Urgently seek a wefl organised, 
mnwrate. unflappable secretary to 
hatp tn every aspect In thair very 
busy offices- Ideal 2nd Job with 
excellent opportunities. College 
leavers considered. Salary 

Tel tore Onslow on 24*8362 

(no agendas). 



Efficient, experienced 
Secretary with good tele- 
phone manner and com- 
petent shorthand/typing 
required for responsfole 
post with some admin in 
Head Office of Language 
School in W.l. Must Be 
Evely, well organised 
numerate and mature in 
outlook second language 

Ring Margaret Manuel on 
01-636 9444 
lor details 




• 2 responsible secretaries required, o 

• For busy Fulham & Kensington • 

• Estate Agents Offices. Salary by • 

2 arrangement. J 

• 01-731 3388 : 

require presentable, mmerlenra!. 
general secretary, aned 28-35. wtm 
coon skflta. most be witling to under- 
take all duties In Hie running of Uw 
Gallery. French an advantage. Salary 
£ 8.000 bb + commission, riafanmcee 
essential. Bent 1 310 N The Tunes. | 

(rlendly Co. AnM cUent handing 
executives. Lota at uataon with 
media, good typing, rusty SH. P eadli 
493 8*76 or after 7pm B99 4377. 
DuM SI Personnel Rec Cons. 

ADVERTISING cfTJESO. Pereonnrt DITTY FREE. Sec /PA 19+ for Inler- 
Sec/Agusuni tno MV- Age 19 pint , nutioivd] drinks co. Shorthand and 
young tlvrty warn, ton of tmrieiy , knowledge of PC. Easy going and 

good prmpoet|.reRlypln8. 493 867d Informal atmosphere- £8.000 ♦. 734 

or after 7pm 399 4377 Duke St Pen. 1062. MBA Agy- 




Ideally located for 
the City- luxury 
1 bed apartments. 


Vte pay your mortgage for the first year on the first £35,00a Applies to deposits 
taken after 1st January 1966 and Contracted by 31st January 1986. 

Waterloo Gardens, Milner Square, Islington 
Showflat and new demonstration unit open to view 
1 bed. luxury apartments from £59,000-£61 l 750. 

Ideally situated for the City Waterloo 
Gardens stands on one of London's most 
elegant squares. Just off Upper Street, 
Islington. Ms facade is a skilful blend of 
modem and early Victorian style with a 
spectacular atrium entrance leading off a 
magnificent piazza. 

Only a limited number of these exclusive 
apart m ent s remain. Many include 12' wide 
patio doors leading onto private balconies. 

All are highly specified and include 
□ Fully equipped kitchens □ Fitted carpets 
throughout u Fitted wardrobes □ Full house 

J '/ jV ' ' i. 1 u '.’ ' ■ ' .ga 

(/, V.: . • f-t* ic 

. ■. il I I I i„ l' 1 

heating □ Entryphone □ Porterage and 
high speed lifts. 

Viewing can be arranged through 
Stick! ey and Kent Estate Agents. 

Tel: (01) 359 0961. 

Hampstead Heath 

Two magnificent new homes 

• Stunning m-chiu-cHira I features and superb 
• standard ot nni>n. 

.* Choice of 5 or 7 larrc bedrooms - most 
•' vir h' t heir ri\vTi It ■ a l li i'c>i 

Extensive a nd generously proport ioneci 

* Video entry securin' system. 

Plus integral leisure complex compk 

• Indoor. b_eated swimming" p.o_o! 

- • $a u n;{b|ac uz’z i ( rvrnnasi um and 
Changing Rp'orns. • 

: PRICES FROM Sc 1,000,000 

Anscombe & Ringland 

---it- ;~- r : --Tr::-:- 

Tel: 01-794 1151 

Marsh & Parsons! 


An attractive, 3 storay non basement period house with rear patio 
gantort'DHa recap, 2 dale b eds,' 1 single bed, kit, bath. F/H 


An attractive garden Hat 6 t a converted double fro nt ed house in a 
true-fined street 20ft drawing rm, 2 dUa beds, dining rm/bed 3, 
kftfb'fct rm, bath, Ind gas CH.45ft gdn. 96 yrs. £02,000. 

01-937 6091 



* 3J6 times income or 214 
times joint income 

* 1 00% mortgages up to £67,000 

* Non status loans up to 

* MIRAS over £30,000 

Ring (01) 235 0691 for full information 

25a Motcomb St, London, SW1 

For baying your home, whatever its price, we charge £120 
(+ VAT and disbarsemaits) provided the mortgage js 
arranged through ns. 

ifAii yt v i-T-A') n r* (t iO h? 

01-248 0551 

49 £ueea Victoria Street, London, E.C4. 

57 Maida Vale, W9 
01-289 0104/S 

HUda Vale W9 Sdectkxi of new 
lux oonveralons from £59.000. 
Vila W9. Lux 2 bed Vteto- 

Ml Oat. £ 

Chelsea, SW3 

Popular street off Stags Rd. Good 30’s 
landy boon, dtang rm.lge.tal. 
U/bnokfasl, dnk. nab hs dnamg r ro. 3 
tfti beds. 2 baths, get, pratiy Irani gdn. 
fteonabta eondBtan, gut potertnL 
T«L 01-738 2K3 
Vtewtafl today omranb 


^ Large toiotii semi-detached 
house la mut road. Iiufutui 
garage. 4/6 bedrms. Otted klldwll/ 



FuHy ranvsud Dutch Bars? 
lOOd x in MoMD. B rooms, 
main ttahL vim stern abb. 

Aitdqr, Bunt, Herts. 


Detached Edwardian residence of 
c hara ct er with 15 kr grab. 
Edge of Green Beh j a. dose to 
Tube (12 miles West Eiufl Lge 
entrance hall, study, Inge, draw- 
ing rm, din i ng rm, 2 kitchem, 
eikrm, 7 bedims, 2 ha» >m n« 
Beautifully landscaped gdns. 
Possibly elderly petsons’ home or 
scope for development. £365,000. 

i for quick sale. Ol- 

2 raccos. pen. 



01-444 3668 


Magnfficent Victorian Comer 
House In h5Tl Road 
5 beds, 3 bafts. 3 reception rooms, 
fitted Wdien and dining area. 
Magnificent consanntay, soutMac- 
-fcqj waned garden. AB newly refts- 


• £460,000 

01-341 4042 

Nwe. Sugerb t Bed tut- Odn. CM. Ra 
road nr amanitas. £*2.700. 01-328 

RtVtotSIDE. Brentford Manner. 3 bod. 
2 new nufaemat. Los oak ktt. own 
drtvo. oarage, odn. View ovor Sven 
tT mhr. £94.000. 01-047 


Qwraeter detached fuHy nod- 
endsad OonOy heme, gas c h 
throughout, laroe through tttUng 
roam, mania aoiag roam, ktt- 
chen/hredkfiat room. 4 Beds, l 
with shower room, en sum. sap 
bathroom and w.e„ large land- 
ing. game, workshop. front * 
roar gardens. 


KNK3HT58RIDOE. Dramatic studio 
apt with own entrance in private 
drive. Wen roo m tsd naxhna A ktt. 
ftS.yf lease. Offers In rental of 
£7d.00a TeC 01-089 0636 Wlar 


EALING. Spacious ground Hoar garden 
Hal. Oas Cm. fuMy modnmi i sd lux 
baOirm A KUdiei. £00.960. 01-991 

FINCHLEY N3L Oegant raMAhed 3 
bedroom. Edwardian sa tse t d 

maintaining at Ig l n al 
£71.760. 349 9968. 

people for PRoremnr. 

lor people for a wide 

and bourns to- sale in Central and 

SW London. Tel: BUS 4000 IT). 


® 01-837 06G8 


® 01-8370668 

roent and absorbing 
Mr Thompson 630 

B tnwv aiT 1. eomcmrraiM 

secretary neadad I now Jntana tom 

ctubd. discot nifVSIiiY W.OWU) 
£10000 Q9L 01*794 6076 

To advertise in 



We are looking fix an expaieneed 
interview vbo wifi cqfcy sating 
their . o*m metioa. 

bosiiKss. Wcoffrrs 
+ endka rnmni, 
incrabciship. PPP and pteamm 

Ring Sally Own on 0I-23S 8427 or 
lesve a am jC en die lira phone 

4 Pout Street, 

London SW1X9EL 


Will steady prices pull the 
British back to Barbados? 

By Christopher Warman 

• Property Correspondent 

Oh to 'bc -in Barbados now that 
winter’s here. The weather is dry and 
sunny, with the. temperature around a. 
delightful 80 degrees F and the 
atmosphere relaxed as the , island's 
season neaxs its peak. 

UVe all the Caribbean islands, it 
attracts large numbers of Americans 
as tourists, yet Barbados remains the 
most British of them, retaining a 
strong infl uence which began when an 
Fjn giiqh ship re tm ning in 1625 from 
Brazil stooped at the island and 
claim ed it for the English Crown. 

In postwar years, there has been a 
steady interest in buying property in 
Barbados, helped perhaps when the 
former Prime Minister, Anthony 
Eden, bought a fine, old plantation 

More recently the market has been* 
quiet although there has been a 
regular trickle of overseas buyeis, 
including Britons and other Euro- 
peans. In the past few years,, the 
exchange rate has proved an obstacle, 
for the pound has been weak against 
the US dollar, and the Barbadian 
dollar is a fixed 1.98 to the US dollar. 

The pound's recovery against the 
dollar is one reason for increased 
interest in property in Barbados. After 
five years when the market has been 
dormant in terms of prices, there is 
now a feeling that prices wfil rise, and 
a number of people are beginning to 
take advantage of the present prices. 

It is a buyers’ market, and one of 
the leading agents, Alleync, Aguilar 
and Altman, believe that - based on 
past property holdings by British 
investors - the British will be back. 

For overseas buyers, the market is 
effectively divided in two: the up- 
market houses, probably dose to the 
beach and usually on the west coast, 
and apartments, also predominantly 
in the same area, looking over the 
dazzling sand and turquoise sea of the 

One of the outstanding houses for 
sale recently is Alan Bay House, 
which has four bedrooms, large living 
room and verandah, and is set in 
nearly an acre of tropical gardens and 
pools with a 150ft frontage to the 
beach at Sandy Lane, St James. 

It was built in 1961, and designed 
by Oliver MesseL who later rede- 
signed it. and indeed was responsible 
for the style of several houses in 
Barbados. The single-storey house is 
built of coral stone, with ceilings of 
pickled pine, and there is an 
additional two-bedroom guest cottage 
in the grounds. When put on the 
market it was priced at £600,000, but 
that has been reduced to about 
£440,000. (Details from Alleync, 
Aguilar and Altman in Barbados and 
John D. Wood in London.) 


Modem housing. Barbadian-style: the octagonal rooms of Edgecombe 
House, for sale at £315,090. It is set on a cliff in tbe centre of the island 
with views of sugar cane and tropical vegetation 

Guiiand House, also on the western buyers. It is available, however, for 
coast at Sandy Lane, St James, often the purchase of apartments in a 
described as the “gold coast”, was development on the west coast near 
built in 1964 and is set in. 1£ acres of Sandy Lane. Sunset Crest Condo- 
grounds with views both of the miniums comprises about 70 u pan- 
Caribbean and the Sandy Lane golf meats, converted from _ a . former 
course. Like many of the luxurious '‘aparthotel”, fully furnished, and 
properties here, it is on one storey, originally offered at £21,000. 

The four-bedroom house is built 
around an inner garden courtyard, 
with a verandah and a series of wings. 
It -has a terraced swimming pool (it is 
in fact a mile from the beach), and 
ownership gives the right of member- 
ship at the golf dub. 

An indication of the quiet market is 
that at that price they attracted little 
interest. The price has been reduced 
to about £17,500 which is proving 
realistic. They are very much more 
basic dwe lling than the expensive 
houses, but they do provide a base. 

The property is on ofler at £3 1 5,000 an alternative to hotels. 

through Sotheby’s International 
Realty of -New York, and Alleyne 
Aquilar and Altman. 

Mortgage finance is available, and 
for non-Barbadians it means (he 
payment of a 50 per cent deposit, with 

^c.spectacular ? JBJSS Sf STlSWK 

taiTariyin^JSKIs on the Mount JUSufSSi 

Plantation, St Georges, about six 
miles fora tbe capital, Bridgetown. It 

(Details from Alleyiie, Aguilar and 

a£d” d U,e ,USh ' *'*" foUage developmenT’ where .™e 

The house is a series of octagonal- 
shaped rooms, linked by a large 

buys a plot of land and builds his own 

The plot sizes range from 5,000 sq 

n m _a , , : - A 11V |/IVI dICWJ ItUI^W II VMI i/fUI/U 

central atrium, and has a large patio ft lo l6 qqo ft, and the cost for an 
and swimmmg poolm tts Vh acres. averagMize ^ 0 t is £10,500. A firm of 

mSiE an*h«« "“been appointed to assist 
for sak at alrout 015.000. (Details lhe property owners' committee to 
from Sothdv’s Intenmtiona 1 Realty ensu £. slaDdard of deve i 0 p- 

and Alleyne Aquilar and Altman). ment and ^ m ^ onIy 

Cost apart, there is one discourage- on the land and comparatively cheap 
ment to purchase. That is a transfer building costs, the estate could prove 
tax of 10 per cent of the value of the VC ry successful, 
property bought by a non-resident. Details of this development arc 
On selling, property tax of 8 per cent available from Alleyne, Aguilar and 
has to be paid. (Barbadian purchasers Altman. Rose Bank Derricks. St 
pay transfer tax of 5 per cent only on James. Barbados. Another large real 
seUmg-) For people who buy land on estate agent in Barbados is Realtoure 
which to build a property, the transfer Ltd, Riverside House, River Road. St 
tax is payable only on the land. . Michael. Barbados. 

Another possible drawback for # No/e: Prices quoted arc approxi- 
potential buyers is that normally there m ate conversions from Barbadian 
is no finance available for overseas dollars. >. 


Profaricnilly tniBrtor dedontd 
MacM family frame- Private 
driveway. 3 B aliim. 2 Itnmry 
MMm 00*4 hmkb. 2 raeem. 
Mil wn freneb doors muo i ear 

Nduded placing floral /fruit gar- 
den. GGK. garage. T/H. 
Please teL to 

01-8884087 twMM 

KMOHTSBHHKIE. 1st Door flat In 
wn matqtalnwl list ed bo ntltna ta> - 
poctnnl nflllnfl room, QUltf bedroom. 


STrade 01-8370645 Private 01-8373333 or 3311 I® Trade 01-837 3462 Private 01-837 3335 or 3311 



For boring your borne we dingo A 
FIAT FEE Ota 75 O VAT ft dfe- 
hu n c ui s u u) &r p na ya i i e s op m 
£100/300. Compe ti tive asa tbovo 
flOCUXXL Mostyiga arranged. 

01-556 1328/9 

DEVmnmRE HEWS, wi. Madom 
mdom gratmd floor 2 tad Sac long 

Ispss: no service dmrgs; £l23joo, - 
□ervonstdrs Estates. 93S1422. 

Kensington WI 4 

8 room, 2 bathroom 
mansion flat 
Balcony, 125 years, 
low outgoings. 
Bargain £735,000 

Campy Estates 

PUTNEY. Largo qnM mansion flu In a 
acres, gardens. 3 bodroatns. 2 recep- 
dons. Idmon. balbrooin, 2 wot 
porterage: (rastwld: SZrrjSOO. - Ol- 



4 tad. Math. BeairaruOy decor* 
aud Victorian terrace house. Many 
ortgfnai fe at u re s. Now carpets. 
Prstty garden. Available for quick 

01-228 8297 



Light Modern lsi Floor Fid 
i large tedrm. large receu. kitchen, 
•toeroom. ch. 120 -yr | ease. 

£39.000 •• • 

Day GSS75S7 
Eves 871 0483 


® Trade 01-278 9161/5 

Considering a change 
of career? 

A HIGH INCOME.- YoouiJl en ^oser IILOOOmjuor 
lira year wi* ot if jxjo raeef tbe banc tatgeH. Oor better 
cansohaats cant oser t [8,000 pa. 

SECURITY: Working tor a £4 bdSoo fioudai services 
mtp. rai be <n a remiated cxreings scheita: of £7j000 
(ocgotabtc) and bsied in LONDON. 

V ytM ate aged 23-33, positne. bud wortane and aeil 
spoken, nqg: 

828 0072 i 




Res/denBat Lettings 
Superb Opportunities for 

Negotiators in 
Kensington and 
St John’s Wood 

Due to our continuing 
expansion we require 
additional Negotiators to 

Join our highly successful 
team. Career opportun iti es 
for people with Initiative. 
aefFmofivattan and 

enthusiasm, which together 
with hard work wifi be richly 
rewarded. Experience 
preferred, but not essential. 
Contact Pamela Bentnd, 8 
WeHngton Road, London, 
NWS. 01-722 7101. 






once it has coma on to tiia 
But No 16 WRton Ptaca, Betgravla- fimt 
priced £685.000 -has quickly " 
mcnasatf to £900,000 ter a 60-yaar lease ■ 
through W. A. Blis aito Bussell Simpson, 
The aX'Storay housa t built arouvnffiO ' 
is being soW^UdyBecher, wife Df Sir 
WfflamBachor, who Is moving to Hove; ’ 
near the cifcket ground where her 
husband played cricket for Sussex. Once ‘ 
owned by bidy Alexandra Metcalfe; : 
whosetiusband was Equerry to King- * 
Edward VB1 and best man « hte wedding': 
to AfcSSftnpson, the house has. three .. 
reception rooms, seven bedrooms, four. ■ : 
bathrooms, end e west-facing roof ' 

■ Pound House, PMworth, West 

Sus***, is a Bated Georgian townhout© 
sd-cafied because 2 was originally the 

■ 5 . ; 

^ lyjUU 

ti-i 5.? 

levels. The property, deterged by Cubltt' 

and West at Patworth as of "much "• 

potofttiaF.frfofsala at more than ' 

Georgian plot 

Hampstead Marshall near Newbury was 
sold a year ago a new develop mart was . 
planned on part of It, including one house 
on a rather superior plot.- a four-acre 
walled garden surrounded by Grade 1 

Chalnngtoa Manor, Chalvxngton, 10 sales from Lewes in East Sussex, 
Is part of an unspoilt village, next to a 13th-century church, with the 
rectory opposite' and surrounded by the farm. The manor is believed td 
dafe froiD Fjiafaethaii times, with Victorian ailiiitinM, am i ha« been 
. modernized, re t a ining ; .many period features, by the present owners. Itl 
has six bedrooms, three bathrooms, three reception rooms and a 
conservatory, with gardens, including a paddock and large pond. Strutt 
and Parker's Lewes office is seeking more than £200,000 

Beware agent-speak 



£150,000. and the house la now nearly 
completed. The Georgia rvstyte property: 
has four reception rooms, fear bedroom 
suites arritvro further bedrooms, and - 
separate staff accommodation. It is buRt - 
to a high specification and the buyer can 
make chaitoas. It is for sale, with offers of 
more 1 than £600,000. through Burrough ■ 
and Company of Hungerford. 

■ An unusual irth-century lodge, 
refurbished to a high standard, at Mays 
K®, Nibley, near Bristol, is for sale at 
around £95,000 through Knight Frank 
and flitoey’s Cirencester office. The 
lodge of.stone and partly timber frames, 
has Uvea bedrooms, space to make a 
fourth, and two reception rooms, ft has 
fine views across open countryside 
towards Bath, and aceortfing to the . 
agents offers “an Ideal opportunity” 
either for a young tardy or business 
executive working many of the 
sufTotmcflng centres. 

Lord it at the manor 

S Marston Trussed Han, on the borders 
Northamptonshire and Leicestershire, 
near Market Hartoorough, b being sold by 
the present Lord of the Manor. Tne title 
wffl form part of the sale, but is not - 
included in the £225,000 for the house 
sought by Socrtt Pinkham of Northampton 
and JacksorvStops and Staff. The title 
dates back to 1315 and the Hafi to the 
early 1600s, and In keeping with tradition, 
the owner - and Lord - is expected to 
chair the parish meeting, to be a church- 
wanton, trustee of the ancient charities, to 
hold the village fSte to the grounds and to . 
entertain the villagers on Christmas Eve... 
The mate rooms Ofthe Ha* took over fine’ * 
17th-century wrought iron gates to a lake 
and rolling HUs. . . 

The New Year conies with forecasts 
that iz will be a good year for the 
property market. “Bouyant” is one of 
the terms used. It often is, and no 
doubt it will be for some. 

Before buoyancy carries the market 
aloft and out of sight, however, there is 
just time to consider two New Year 
resolutions: do not take estate agents* 
descriptions of property for sale too, 
seriously; and take more seriously, but 
not too seriously, the options other 
than solicitors for conveyancing. 

Both resolutions could be trans- 
ferred into New Year gifts, bringing a : 
little reality back after Christmas. For 
the more mature person, a booklet 
called Brothel, in . Pimlico could be a 
help. It is unlikely that anyone under. 
' the age of 32 will understand it, but it 
is a tale of excitement and derring-do 
based on newspaper advertisements 
in the 1960s for houses and flats in 
London placed by Roy Brooks. 

. He took the unusual view for an 
estate agent of putting a property on 
his books in its worst, or realisitic; 

. light rather than give a description 
that no one would, recognize; and 
apart from the feet that his advertise- 
ments were ftmoy, they also sold 

- .Even the brothel in Pimlico 
“Wanted: someone with taste, means 
and a stomach strong enough to buy 
-this erstwhile house of ill-repute in 
Pimlico, untouched by the 20th cen- 
tury” at £4,650. with the prospect that- 
it would be worth £1 5,000 tarted up - 
sold. Add another nought and it would 
be approaching its current vaiue. 

Tbe book js available from certain 
bookshops or Roy Brooks. 359 Kings 
Road, Chelsea, London SW3 5ES, at 

In practical terms, it now is worth 
looking carefully at the prices charged 
by estate agents, solicitors and 
everyone else involved in the businc 
of house buying and selling. Thou, 
the fees have been reduced in man 
cases, with alternative agents am 
-conveyancers entering the market, 
there are several books about do-it- 
yourself conveyancing. 

One such is The Conveyancing 
Fraud by a solicitor, Michael Joseph, 
-which has sold 50,000 copies. T 
mark this achievement he is offerin 
the book (£3.95) with the necessary 
forms (a further £3.50), and a net 
service: the right to three telephon 
consultations with him as to 
conveyancing progresses. That will 
cost £5 and toe combined package is 
£12.45. Each telephone conversation 
can last up to 15 minutes, and details 
are available from 27 Occupation 
Lane, London SHI 8. 

Resolutions can be broken, if there 
is money to spare, and a New Year 
present may be the answer. It is 
probably too late for Savills’ offer of 
the right to fish for salmon on the 
River Spey in May for toe next 36 
years, with up to seven rods, for 
which toe agents asked the “incred- 
ibly modest” price of offers over 

There is lime though for the latest 
crop of Lordships of toe Manor, 
which must be one of toe property 
growth industries although it does not 
necessarily include property. Strutt 
and Parker are now offering about 100 
of their Lordships, ranging from 
£6,0Q0 .to. around £30 JKXL including 
Tare London titles in East Ham, West 
Ham and Plaistow. 


h** F °X Ry tends 


Hanky »1 nutty IV, nuks. BadngnoksS miles, Uuutoa 4 2 red n 

Hat DrMB« Ron. Step (torn Okra Boon. Wm 4 BMraona. testimon, on Fted 
CwMHMkg. Onstng. AmeBm Msn trtn 

The Bar ran Premier Collection touche 
is a completely new range of over fifty plcasa 
individual and innovative house designs. ] 

Homes to suit even' taste and gener 
pocket at prices that range all the way uniqui 
from £20.000 up to £500,000. Barra 

Each home sets brand new stand- Barrat 
ards in living space, specification and n ' 


And they're all just brimming 
over with those extra special i i 


touches which make life so much more 
pleasant and comfortable. 

For full details of this exciting new 
generation of Homes and our four 
unique show villages, visit your nearest 
Barra tt development or write to: 
Barratt Information Service, Post Office 
Box no. 4UD. London Wl A 4U D. 


K North Audtoy London WIY 2EL 

Tab 01-408 47S5 

hnto form a! off ll&i r*ri 



Readers ire advised to seek professional advice before entering 
■ into any commitments 


Unique opportunity to spend your vacations in your 
own home in Paracfise. Fully furnished air condttioood 
Houseboat, moored on Paradise Island, Nassau. 
Bahamas, with 3 double bedrooms, good kitchen, 
bathroom, carpeted lounge and sun deck. 5 mins walk 
from beach, shops and casino, on thasame dock as 
Bahama Divers: 


Can or write: Don Gamble, in Germany, at 49-6081 
59001 or Telex me on 410982 garo-d or write to 
Posttech 1430, D-8233 Kefkheim, W Germany. 



i' 'ji 



EM access London. For (tet cenv- 
pletioc. Mod eaeec dot heme or pood 
■chooio. golf, s beda. 3 ram. 8 
balho tl en woUe). toe hnr ML gas rtv. 
gdn. gge. tnunac. NHBC guarantee. 


Tel. 104427)74147 



Spacious dotachad house, S bods, 2 
bsMso o tu s. 3 recaps, pfcm tags was 
ftttod kachsn/breokfsot room, largo 
utOty Oreo, gss contrM hoatfcg l 
doabte (Juktg. ft aero plot, south 
todng garden with hooted swimming 
pod. ft mBs station. 

Offers over £200^)00 
Tot 0707 872597 


-& PARTS' F.R.S 

The- Linin' 'Agents 


Mark Broomneld win be In 
Hang Kong tram 17th to 23rd 

Jarrnmrv fcHowtno George 
KnlgMa succenfuf vtrtt Id 
N ovember. He wDl be seeing 
exiattog dlents as wdt as poten- 
tial inolon (or London M- 
dentM progeny. 


0903 770533 


S a m iBL Oou to Rtver. detached 
haw s. 3 bertmWi recep. large eal-ln 
ml baCurn. o®. eronf * rear gdn 

§ 1 BCKtm co lot 6 cmtUrt-K 

nf "r 1 FURNOHBO OR 
UNFURNIDHED New lownhause 
dHTcUy one Park, mrihnt dec 


W KBMStMKXTON, VtUago area. 
S/C. OL Udt Mala. 3 bads. din rm. 
sitting rm. ML laundry rm. bath. 
Sub 4. £180 ptr. 

TWICKENHAM. Lux fare House. 
3 beds, through lerange/fltn, ML 
bath. gge. aup« gtfn.-AT3a.46 pw. 
MOIITLAKE. CH. 3 bed m House. 
£125 pw. 



W11 detlghtfitf tne in autet tfnrt. 
5 beds. 2 bath*, raced. Wt/tMn. gtfn 

gesch/diw. £450 pw. 

Sc Rwrs Court W14 newly ram 
(lei In prestige de vpl 1 bed. receo. 
k ft b. m. diw Inc. £i3S pw. 
002 2428 

PknRoo coacloua tat floor 1 bed 
floL rocep wW hate. Ic ft b. 
gdt/Ciw. £160 pw. Os's only. 
Honbotf Road W8 ettamung hse. 
with gdo. 2 dbte bed s , recep. din 
rnv newly (lead kit ft belh. 
pch/chw. £160 pw. 

Ctephan namac 3 bed ram hse. 
dbta reep. k ft b. gge ft gdn. £160 



Wend Brill newly dec & 
turn, interior assigned, 
modem Flat in 
prestigious PB Mock 
ad|oinmg Regents Pari 
Delightful reception with 
(fining area. 3 bedims, 2 
balhrms. tf tot + all 
machines. Parking incl. 

£375 pw 



i l ’ j Anscombe 
' ! I &Rinqland 

^ Residential Uttings 


Feed the ducks from the lounge at 
high tide! Superb large & ary 3 bed- 
room flat overiedring river to Cheyne 
Walk. Chelsea. Tastefully decorated ft 
carpeted. Unfurnished or partly fi- 
nished £235 pw. 

Tel London 223 5211 

bedrms. able reoegOon. PogganpoM 
ML Z bolha. prt\*ale 3 car spare. paHo. 
AVbU now. Can Anoda WDllaro 
Prop CorwulL 268 3689. 

Wl 1. stunning 2 floor fUL in period 
tec. 2 recede. 2 bwtrroa, 2 teOn. 

333 BRUCE 



Charming Chelsea house 
consisting of 3 bedrooms. 2 
bathrooms. 2 reception rooms, 
fitted kitchen, small garden. 
Available partly furnished. 
Currently undergoing redecor- 
arion. £600 pw. Highly re- 


01-837 9684. Telex 894568 

SLOANS CDW S»L Amative lire 
— uotnf jok off Soane wufc 
ma^rtfinlec na. kn. 3 «Me te*. bufe ft 
iHt rm. A«afl bow far bet ea Id. 

a^CESia ST. svs. tnad Br» 
nacrior OaOeonJ Bm la Bcar on i ni oB 
witt RrrWdnuai rm. b«L tai ft batft 
Avail BOO far fan CO. Id Clip*. 
Super aeoh dec ft fin I tel Bn 0.1 
pot m pwd Hock mb pantry. Aaad 

Bow far a Ibb* lei O S0p 




An tmnocuUe. newly 
medcmlBed ft beautifully Interior 
iMpm<. 2 bedroomad Flat wtln i 
small patio, wtung room, dining 
mom. new fully /Iliad ItUdMf) ft 
bathroom, cloakroom. £29S pw. 
Superb. I nedroomed Flat with 
Urge, elegant Bitting room, 
bedroom sttualad cruieUy at rear, 
attractive ptaw kitchen. £235 pw. 

01-486 5991 

Hampton & Sons 

. te ■'.I-...;- .Vs:-..: 


fagkn Una tWl New 4 aed lawn 
tae. wan goapr £371 pw. 

01-3-70 4329. 


Attractively tinrtishod S decorated 3 
bedrm. flat with large ML 3 sen 
broaidast area. Avoiahia lor 12 
months plus. £250 per weak. 

Hyde Park OtflCK 


Superb maaoncnc do 3 floors with 
pretty garden. 4/5 beds. 2 baths, irc r p. 
Bdn. AvaU inrnied. Long Co Icl 
£ 325pw. 

SW7. Stunning mews collage located 
in quiet area dose 10 South Ken 
Suiioa. Recep. K&B, utility rm. 2 
baths. 3 beds. Avail immed Loot Co 

ON 01-584 6491 

8W1. Spadous unhimtahad fiat Med 
for entertaining. Huge dbte receo 
wtth hhAi ceUIngi and OrepUre. 
Large pin* kll VIaat room, all ma- 
chines. 6 further ms 2 balte- £600 
pw. Cootes 828 82 BI . 

Lux family ItaL 5 rooms. 2 baih . W C. 
CH. Lin. porter. C270PW. Prfvauty 
owned. 286 872ft. 

HURUNOHAM newly refurb lovely 
family 3. 4 ted house. 2 baths, walled 

JVlng 01-689 9226. 

HAMPSTEAD In Is I dam location, 
pretty 2 dale bedrm flat, furnished 
with Quality mtlzite. tiaopw 
Nathan WUton ft CO. 794 1 161. 

Avall*t>v- now. Miaea Properties. 

LUX prtv mewi tee. Hyde Pk. Hap 
open plan rec. 3 dbU bed*. Stems. 1 
ennui tejrtuo Jaciml. 2 tefTs- £600 pw. 

HOLLAND FARR Newly dec 6tb-floor 
flBL J dble. 1 twin ted. racep. kn. 
teth. wc Long Co let. E28SPW. 681 

W*. L*rer,*ervtto tetefl ! to ^prtvoie 
tows. JD*5 pw. TCL22R J743. 
HIOHQATE. 6 bed dejhmao. £476 
p.w, CormvbUUd 340 8273. 

KUtsiffvroN wa. y 3 

bed. £.400 p.w. 727 7397 tS4hra* 
RAYBWATER, loMety. comfortable. 1 

bad FlaL £1 80 pw. - 01-909 3683. 
HARLEY STREET P/B rnewa flat 2 
Oafort areeLnvoa 1 tga room 
nu bi ejEcolleni condnion SrUdno 
hole ftifly roidPk 3*br port tr. hwi 
A^ven^oulrt- Port or long let *8® 

aewty converted flat tn «tc order, l 
ted. i receo. fully (mrd tit A both. 

oSeaietne part. cotnmbnN »t». 

£18S^»> teg- Beoucnainp Estates.. 


. QoMi^teuiUltun to let Unm. 
flSoa- atrpoL tow cooker, 
tHM. tree laundry- no Mrttno 
mater*. 2 mins station. £62 pw. 01- 
731 0487. 


Heathrow Tub* J tnaUiaetsjndwrel 

fmteiol flat, 3 do u ble bedrooms, 
in acini ro drawing/ dbuhg roojrn. 
kachen. tethroom. 2 wc. IN. CH. 
COOP* Tel: 01-960 5*33. 

Suow modem tee wnn moormg- 
twK. 3 baths. 2recrt», 

luxury rtata or houses up to £600 

& w. Usual leas matured. Phillips Kay 
Lewis. South « me Par*. Otstsoa 
efflcc 362 81 1 1 or North of the PaA. 
RaoMirs Park omce 722 61 36. 

OPP HOLLAND PARK. Superb light ft 
airy Georgian style 3 Morey town- 
botma In unrt\alled position. 2 receofc 
4 beds. 2 telhs. enrage, garden. £600 
p-w. Tel: 0488 asTgrTSs Property 

RICHMOND HILL area. Luxury 
spacioia l bed flat conv Richmond 
Part and station. £128 pw Co. Jrt. 
Tel: 486 0222 ext 2666. Etft 940 

SUPERIOR FLATS and mews houses 
urgently required In an London 
areas. For co lets and ton tenants. 
Best rents paid. Prestige Props Ol- 

EALING. 3 bad ground Door spaeioin 
rial. bcauOru£’ furnished, land- 
leaped garden wuti pauos 
ovei-tooMna park. £160 pw. 01-667 

SOUTH BUCKS Mar Mas. Ml . M40. 
One rate mm uac. S/c country house 
DSL unfumlshed. 2 reeaps. 3 tedrms. 
KB ft telh. epa. kept garden £6SB 
pan. 02404 ZI4B. 

HOLMANS wet exueHencnl person 
with proven track record to art im 
rentals arvtsioa- Exctung challenge tn 
expanding company- Tel; Denise 
Gabriel on 370 6781 . 

SHEPHERD ST. Wl. Charmlm i flat in 
p/b Mock in Die nearl or Mayfair. 2 
beds, pretty recep- f, f Ml * tei h. es 
decoration ft co rd.. J227S pw. 
Beaucnamp Estates. 226 01 1 1 . 
CROOKHAM R t>. SW8. Man d new 
conversion. n*rirtek»nv rtaL l ted. 
l recep. rutty nnrd k A b. Exc v alor . 
£llO p.w. Bcaurttamp Estates 226 

FULHAM. Ground floor s/C flat, 
immed avail. 2. tedrms Weeps 31. 
SittlM rm, dlnino rm. fcU. bath, 
^root. £l 2QjW . Co Id. Apply Mary 

FULHAM, 8WL Attract spag oua fla t 
in raanstea Hock. 2 Ale bedims, 
recep rm, ft hit ft teflum AvaB iww 
for tend let £166 pw- Samuel ft Go. 

PUTNEY, SW15. Luxury 1st, Ikwr 
family rial. Avail tnunMIauty. 
Recep. Idiclten. bathroom. WWL.J 
dbte bedrooms. £120 pw. Tet 878 

WB DeUOitrul terraced cottage In nuWt 
roan close tube. Fwti ft dec to 'W 
high Btanderd. 2 beds, mo clous ream 
bath, super kit. gdn. Cas CH. Low leL 
£176 pw. Tel: L WbHe. 381 4266. 
WL Attractive ft very sunny flM. 3 
beda. 2 baths, toe tec recep. >L b'W 
area, Cloak, utility rm. ad mac hine s. 

area. Cloak, utility n 
Ufr ft 24hr Dortrraa 
pw.JOI. 828 0O«O. 

Co leL £375 

While. 381 4266. 

chroming »*td 9 e. 3 b^. bath, 
garden Family only. 01-607 4989. 

IMMACULATE, very pretty I ted flat. 

all a m entiles, south tX Chdsea 
doc. doec tmmpen/eW^-w^ 
S^m/long leL £120 pw ono. 01-720 

LANDLORDS. High ouauiy property 
- In KaRMSHldae. Kefttongtnn and 
Chehea. urgently rtewed to tef for 
destraMe Tsianta. - Henry & James- 
Tel 01-236An*t 

VISITING LONDON? Allen Bata ft Co 
hate a large selection of flats and 
houses as ait for I week t from 
£1 OOPW. 02 -499 1 665. 

HENRY & JAMES Contact u* now on 
236 8861 for Use best selection Of 
furnished flats and ho ten to rent m 
k'nlghtsbrldge- Beigrasla. Chelsea. 

Kensington A Mlrttiton of superb 1 ft 
2 bedroom flats from £146 pw. TeL 
Henry ft James. 01-2368861 

WE LET FLATS and houses. We ur- 
oentty regutre your ptopernB* In W. 
SW & NW London. Davlft WooUe ft 
Co 402 7381. 

KMK3HTSBRIDQE. Spachnn 4 bedim 
lire flat In prime toe. 2 mins Harrods. 
£400 pw. 2nd flal nearby £260 pw. 

CHELSEA. LbifUm totted two or three 
bed flat avail. Two. three years co leL 
T. HosKlna. 730 9938.-9939 or call at 
fir 81 Lower Soane Street. SWl. 
fid HIOHQATE. 2 ted flau Lnpe. dining 
rm, gdn ft age- Including allMlM and 
maid. £140 p-w. Nigel Haider. 883 

RENTING OR LETTING a flat or house 
Ui central SW. se London rrom 
£100-£400 pw. Short or long term 
. Ids HLT Lentng Agents 6270171. 
currently seeking good guaHty rental 
aet«m In Central London for waning 
company tenants. 385 4000 VT). 
flan or uniiersfly ft British Museum 
Helen Watson ft Co. 6606276. 
W -Machine lor 6 or 8 persons CSS i 
pereon per week. 348 3135 
BELSIZE PARK, NWS^Purpo* bujll 
furn lux 2 bed flat £180 p w 01-554 

LUXURY FLATS on ihort/long lets. 
Similar proportle a req uired. Land- 
mark Estates 486 0079 

flatlet, own kitch en. In quirt family 
homo. £42 pw 01-870 3900. 

W2. 2 bed lullv hint flat Lor I err. lux 
lumb hing. £180 pw mi. 01-446 

CARLS COURT SQ- 1 bed. lux dal. Co. 
lei. C. n.lully equipped £160 pw Inc. 

AVAIL NOW! 1 bed s/c flat CH. 
rerep. narking, handy tube. £70 pw. 
Others. 027 2610. mmetocatpri. 
SPACIOUS! 5 bed hone. CH. recep. 
phone, gdn. £110pw. Kite OK. 
Others. 627 2610 Hcmetocaiors. 
CLAPHAM PARK. Lux 2 bed furn 
mats. Lounge, kit CCH. £390 PCm 

ST JOHN'S WOOD, superb 3 be tfrrn. 
2 baths, rcc .'diner . kit, ch, iul £200 
PW. 681 8828 m. 

2 BEDROOM 04 flat, rerep. olrone 
suit 4. £88 pw Many others. £27 
2610. Ho me) bailors. 

ISL1NOTON- Lux sunny bed-dtttng rm 
+ nrUsL- c.n.w-c.h . £46 pw, ctaee 
CHyftW End -2267882 
lux tong-short term ub I wk; 1 yt. 
1 'B bedft UTP 01-935 9612. 

OFF HOLLAND RD. Newly dec 2 Obte 
bedrm. rec .’diner. hiL bath. Ch- 
£160 pw. 581 5828 m. 

SWl. Superb compart 2 tedj prfl te 
lerre £165 p.w. Go M. 02 W 

LYHAMS Lrtilng and Management 
eernre in W ft SW Londni core 
lobilb for your home. 736 5503 


ExcaUant hse, fum/ufilum, 4 
beds. 2 recep. 2 bath. £500 
p.w. o.n- 0 - 


Newly decorated fiat m 
conversion. 2 Beds, dble 
recep. bath & excellent hiL 

01 352 8111 


581 2987 

Prestigious 6th floor psnthotfio with 
mol urraco and lahulous vtows of 
tha parte TaalaluDy decorated A 
furnished throughout 3 double. 1 
wgJe beds. 2 roceps ♦ am hall. 3 
bath? |al en-suae). fitted WL dooks. 
Ift, 2«r ponerage^ges CH. Avad 
immed Long Co let ESOOpw. 

LAWSON ft HERMAN - Diplomats ft 
executives urgently seek quality 
properties in all central ft t-eu 
London areas. Contact Kevin Kelly . 
01-938 3426. 

KNIOHTSBRIDCE. High duality »-e 
llal. Dole bed. rec. Ml diner, ch Long 
let. L140P W 030339215. 



Qiiwa UnotK 
91«Sof01-IT8 9167. 
innouiwpcnbian be rmlted by 
lelcnnom between s.ocaiti acid 
ssopm, Monday to Friday. cn 
Sjlurday between 9 C-^un and 
laOOnoon .S3? 3311 only 1 For 
publication the fguswurg . 

WEDDINGS. cic. on Court ard 
Social Pago. CS a lino * 15% VAT. 
i_oun and Social Paso 
arjiouncemtnls can not be 
accepted by telephone. Eiwulnra 
10- Ot-837 ISM Ex 77! 4 
Most other classified Mvertlse 
menu can oe accepted by 
telephone. The deadline u S OOpm 
2 days prior 10 publication ii.r SCO 
cm Monday ror Wednesday 1. 
Should you w»h :o send an 
MierUsctncnl in writing please 
include 1 our daytime ■phone 
number Every endeav our will be 
made to insert ad\ crusemenu on 
doles reou>=Ucd but cannot be 
guaranteed. Readers are advised to 
satisfy uientsobes as 10 the 
Information contained In 
advertisements or to seek 
professional advice, before entering 
into any commitment 

THERE 8E MA.VY that say. Who wUI 
shew us any pood r lord, lift thou up 
me light of thy countenance upon us. 

Psalm a : 6 


nciBEMEv . ... ruuiry vaiv urmaiCTUira. Mng»or 

“iSlLsKPHiT 1 \ *, at hp Road - al 1 1 30am. an Tund«'. Kir 

J 111111,1 ,|W Januarj. 1986. Enaulrles 10 Mel hi* 

SS5lV5?te^*, Jonjlltan - a son of Putney, 21 3 Upper RtchmonC 
•Richard Jonathan! Road. SWIS. 788 3aai . 

GADOUX- HUDSON. - On January 5. KEENLY SIDE - On 6<ll January l 986 


January. 1986. peacefully at home, 
much loved widow of Dr R H Hard- 
wick, ot Hcodcom. and mother of 
Robert. Richard. Coen. Anthony and 
Judy. Cremation, family only. No 
flowers please. 

HEATHCOTE. - On January B. 1986. 
suddenly al his home In Muswett Hill. 

Thomas Ian Deacon, beloved 
Humana of me laic Betty, much loved 
father of Sandro and Rapa to Te ssa . 

Sebastian and Corollnr. Funeral 

service on Saturday. January 11. at 
Golden Green Crematorium, at 
1 1 50am. Flowers to Cooksey A Son 
Ltd. : 90 Fonts Green Road. NIO. 

[ HOOdKJN&ON - On January 5. in 
London. Major Fronds James 
Hodgkituon. Army Commandos 
ret'd Funeral private DeiuOsns In 

the Amu Berm criont Fund. I 

I HOOPER. - On January 9. suddenly. ' 

David Charles, of BcxhUI. aged 77. 

iennerty of Luton and Nonhaminon. 
much loved lather of Gillian and 

grandfather of June. Keith and 
Andrew. Funeral service at St Peter’s 
Church. Bexltut. on Wednesday. 

January 15 at 2.40pm followed by 
cremation at Eastbourne. Family 
flowers only. Donations, if desired, to 
British Heart Foundation, c o 
Mummery FO. ;i Devonshire Rd. 

Bexhlll on Sen 

HUGHES. - On Olh January 1986. 
peacefully, Joanna Mary, late of 
west Hamnstead. Service Emmanuel 
Church. west Hampstead, on 
Tuesday 14th January at 2.15pm. 

Flowers to Leverton A Sons. 1B1 
H overstock Hill. NW3. by 12 noon. 

JENK1N - On January A. in 
Washington. after a sudden Illness. 

Margaret Paulina, ststcr of Rose- 

JESS EL . — On Friday. 3rd January. 

1986. -till Minting at home. Robert 
wtuiam Albert. In his Beth year, 
father of Julia. Jeremy and 
Chn-uophcr. The crtmaiwn wtU beat . . ............ 

Putney Vale Crematorium. Kingston MvAIORlAI SFHVirES 
Road, at 1 1 Mam. on Tuesday, lath l»lti*lVJILLrVC 3LB V ItW 

of"p?S,ev ,9 ^J 'ZiZZtXS HOLUHGTOM - A service of thanks- 

V A mchmon ' 1 Diving ror the life and work of Dr 
ROJd SW 1 5. 783 544 1 jTlairJi HnlllnMM. Will h* Mif mt SW 



& TradeOl-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-8373333 or 3311 



Cheap, lad mlnBtebofi days, book 
m. Thursday 9 or Friday lO Jan A 
pick up your tickets there A then. 
£119X129. Self catering 


lo Helen mec Berts i and Tom - a von 
(Alexander Matthew Thomas' 
CHAPMAN. - On August 9. 1985. al 
Beverley. East Riding of Yorkshire, lo 
Jib «nre FeivLoMi and Peter - a son. 

James Rupert Head lam. after a long 
Illness at Moorlynch. Somerset 
Dearly loved bv friends & family. 
Funeral Moorlvnch church. Friday 
January loth at 11 50. 

SSSESSi. u KERKHAM.- January 2nd. suddenly 

arantlngham. December 29. 1985. m hospllaf. Thomas Leslie aged 67 

COLLINS. -On 2nd Jan uai— . : 956. to years, or Crag Lea Thorpe nea 

Rosemary .nee Martin > .uid Philip, a SMpton Dearly laved husband a 

ton I Nicholas Philip) Man. also a devoted rather an 

COU BROUGH - On Janunn 1st to yf2 a ^' f , MCTP .{HL Ser V ,:c t* 

victoria inee Mcflroil and David a ?£i5 ?• BumsaU I Chapel on FrJdaj 

daughter. Olivia Jane loth January al 2.30pm Will friend 

n&\ne f. n . ... , ... please meet al the chapel. Fa mil; 

“ P-inri^ ° J,h ’ llaweis onlv. Contributions may b 

Sri'S . , sent to SI George’s Crypt- C O Dr R 

nrn^kT' 1 Keighles. chapel House Lodge 

ucnaio — jl oouariirr •EjyiiIv wiirupv hkh- 
S^ and'c^'' l0r AJP? ® ,dra - KlNG^on 1 January '3rd. very suddenh 

D^MMOND-cmird Januarj, to SS 

valnennc inn. cwrri and Hugh wire of Frwidie f«c as , 

Rcdv 6,1,1 adored mother of DctM 'deceased j, 

JUDLEY-COOKt - On January 3. lo and Johnny loving mother-in-law o 
Mana-Ahlonterta and Robert, a Lvnnc and orandmoihci of Alrat am 
daughter. Oita v La Lavlnta. Louise Reunited with Debt. God btes 

^RCUISOM ri- rw— .I— sou darling from all of us. Funera 

EiSiiS h I 10 service al St Pclcra Church. Seaview 

iwws7i^m^h^SfTi , ^? 1 d ■ Isle ot wight on Friday. January ICO 

^ mish and Flora) oi 2pm and afterwards at SI Helen 

FchKAHD. - On 1st January 19B6. In Churchyard Family nowers on Li 
Farts, to Jamnc. wife of Michael please. Donations If desired lo Conte 
rerrand. u daughter. Em mo Juliette. Rebel 
GAME. - On Fridas’ January 3rd. LANE - On January 5. Winifred Jessie 
1986 al 11.15pm. to Susan and formerly of Beckenham Funera 
Nicholas, a son. William. service al Beckenham cremaioriuir 

giving ror Uie life and work of Dr 
Mary HoULngton. wID be held at St 
Mary's Church. Monken Hadley, on 
Saturday. January 25th at 12 noon. 
All are welcome, bt lieu of flower*, 
donations in ner memory to the 
Mount Vernon Scanner Appeal. 
Account No 7050680. Uoyds Bank. 

SMpton Dearly laved husband ar 
Marv. also a devoted far her and 
grandpa. Memorial Service will be 
neld at BumsaU Chapel on Friday 
loth January al 2.5Qpm Will mends 
rleaw meet al Ihe chapel. Family 
flowers ontv. ContnbuUom may be 
sent to St George’s CrypL C’O Dr R 

ERKHAM— January 2nd. suddenly High Street Barnet, would b« much 
•n hospllaf. Thomas Leslie aged 67 appreciated. 

vrars, or Crag Lea Thorpe near HUDSON. -There will be a manks- 
SYlpton Dearly laved huiband of giving service for the life of Bishop 

giving service ror the life of Bohan 
Arthur W. Goodwin Hudson in St 
Paul's Church. Portmon Square iln 
Robert Adam Street). London Wl.on 
Monday. 27lh January. 1986 at 
12.13 p m. The address win be given ' 
by the former Bishop of Norwich, the 
Rl Rev Maurice A. P. Wood. 

HOU ' C Lddge. SANDERS. - A memorial service for 
.k'JP*** near Shlplon. Joan Sanders will be held al the 

KING - on January 3rd. v erv suddenly Church of SI Lawrence. The Moor, 

and wtihovii any warning, Simone Naukhurst. KenL on Tuesday. 21st 
violcl Dorothy mci Balov) beloved January, al 2pm. 
wife of Freddie for 42 years and ■ ' 

adored mother of Dcbi 'deceased Jo _ IT - l<r . n , , . , 

■md Johnny loving roolher In-law of IIN IVULMUKIAIM 

Lvnnc and orandmolhcr of Aim and 

LouLve Reunited with Debt. God bless. SIMMONS In proud and ever loving 

sou darling from all of us. Funeral memory of my adored husband. 


service at St Peters Church. Seaview. 
Isle of wight on Friday. January l«h 
at 2pm and afterwards at SI Helens 
Churchyard. Family Flowers only 
please. Donations IF desired lo Cancer 


Lewis Simmon* I’Sunl. January Bth. 


HILL. - On 4th January. 1986 ul SI 
Georges. London to Susan tnce 
Symington' and George, a son. David 
.vndrew Rowland 

wPire at 'rL'KShv^ HAMILTON - Mottle Hamilton would 

2£i Pl like to send her grateful thanks to an 

ser.'lcc al Beckenham crematorium 
cn Monday January 1 3 al 2pm 
Family flowers only please, bm 
donations II dot! ml to Dr Bananlov 
Enquiries to H Copeland & Son Ltd. 
05 -660 2293 

INCHES - On Dccembrr 31si. 1933. ic I , _1_ _ ' . 

Uorenra and Chartm ot Bnistno I }}* ~ ,? n .'*. ,h 

ArnaorSwiEertand. a son JonalhanT Broomtleld HtMDltal. Chelmsford 
NORRIS - on 6th January iorp at The ScJi a cS3r^?"ch2to li ' h’JK'I? 1 

*£• Oxford - lo RS hSd of C S^S. d H c S7athS- 

Janice. Joanne and Pouf and 
ROWE - On January 3rd. lo Alwen loving grandfather of Ryan. Sonny, 
inre Tomitni and Phnip-a daughter Thomas and william Funeral service 
i Emil", Kale). w»U lake place al Ctwlmsford Crrma- 

SARGENT. - On 6th tanuary at Chris- tori um fNonh Ch.ipeli on Friday lOUi 
liana Harllei Hosnilal. Southport, la -'aniiaiy al 2pm Ffm.-ers to T 
Gurncvere and Tim a son. Pennoclc ft- Sons. Funeral Directors. 3 
Alexander William, a brplher lor -i 3 ™ 1 Baddow. 

Pi ppa and Jonathan. Chelmsford. Tel: i0243i 71157. 

SPANNER On New- Year's dav to Sam.- LLEWWLYN, JOHN H C. ol South 
irvce O'Gormam and Godfrey a «>n. Kenungion and Johannesburg, on 
Tom Alexander, brother tor Yunne December 12 al 51 Mary’s H copilot. 
Lett tea and Mark. Roohampion Lane. London, afler a 

WILBRAHAM - On January 3rd. , .VJSS \ _ 

1986. to PhlUo and Stephanie, at LUNN on 6 January 1986. peacefully 
Beverley Westwood Hospital -a ln hospllal. Iver very dearly lined 

itir many friends who wrote to her 
on the death of her husband. Major- 
General Goff Hamilton. Site deeply 
regrets that she will be unable lo 
reply to Utem Individually. 


loved husband of Doreen, dear father 
of Janice. Joanne and Paul and 
loving grandfather of Ryan. Sonny. 
Thomas and wn Item Funeral service 
will lake place al Chelmsford Crema- 
tor I um fNonh Chape! i on Friday 10th 
January al 2pm Ffnwers lo T 
Pcnnoclc t Sons. Funeral Directors. 5 
Maid on Road. Groat Baddow. 
Chelmsford. Tel: i0245i 71157. 

daughter fRoscmary Elizabeth). 
Thanking all tn agenda rtce . 


DARLING CAT. Many Happy Returns 
of the Day. Love you still. S B.E. 
NEIGHBOUR. Rose Elisabeth. 
Congratulations on vour iGCih 
birthday, with much love from all 
vour family. 


ALLEN-MEYRICK - On Januarv Bih 
1956 .11 the West Suftolk Horrltal. 
Cap! Charles Richard Francis Alien- 
Meyrtcb. husband er Malle. The 
Rc-gulem Moss Lakes place on Frtday 
J.muarv lOth at Si Edmunds RC 

husband of Mary, rather of 
Alexandra. faLherin-law of Philip 
and loving grandfather of Josephine 
and Sonya. Funeral at Si Catherine's 
Church Towersey on Monday 1 3 
Januatiy 2.30 p.m - Flowers lo 
F J Wilson. Haddenham or donations 
to the Salvation Army. 

LYNOTT - On Saturday ath -lanuarv. 
PWMs Parris, aged 56. beloved son ol 
Phyllh. dearly loud husband of 
Caroline, and loving father or 
Caroline, and loving father of Sarah 
and Cathlecn. Memorial service at St 
Elizabeth RC Ch-Jrch. The 
Vineyard. Richmond. Surrey, on 
Thursday. 9tli Januarv. al 1 lam. 
and Funeral service a' The Church of 
Assumption. Thurman by Rood. 
Howth. Dublin. Eire, on Saturday. 
1 llh January, at 11am. followed by 
private IntermerL Flowers to 

_ _ SI reeL Dublin 2. or donations lo Band 

9 I Sam Flowers nvvv be sent to L Aid. c o H A Harm Id and San Lid. 
Fulcher L'd. 80 Whining Slreel. Bury 77 EsI court Road. Salisbury, wut- 
St Edmunds. shire. 

SEA 1 1 - On January 4 1986. MAN. - On January dth. 'uddenly. F 

Helen, tn the Wellington Hospllal. O S Man. OBE. DSG. VRD. CM . Uv . 

Helen, in Ihe Wellington Hospllal. 
London afire a lonn illness 
courageously borne. Beloi ed wife of 
the lute Alfred Chesxrr Beatly. adored 
4nd devoicd vtster of Rosamund 
Morris, much lo» ed and mlsaM by all 
her familv and friends Funeral 
Thursday January 9. al 1 2. CO noon, 
al SI John Ihe Bjpuu Church. 
Wltiersham. KenL Mcm-srtal service 

O S Man. OBE. DSG. VRD. CM. Liv- 
eryman of the worshipful Compam 
oi' Butchers. Freeman of ihe City of 
London, dearly loved husband of 
Allwynn* inre Ron. much loved 
father of John and Dav id. Cremation 
service al Cuildford Crematorium, on 
Monday. 13lh January. 12 noon. 
Family flowers only, donatkun If 
desired to the RNLI. 

jnnmmcM later IWBLSON - on January BOt 1986. 

Flowers If desired may be sent to the 

BERRY. - On January 1st. 1996. 
easeful tv at home. Edward Thomas, 
aged 87. Dearly loved husband cf 

BLAKE. - On Januarv' 4 1986. peace- 
fully. in Horsham. Ethel Maud, aged 
2". widow of U-Col T J E Blake. 

peacefully In hospual alter a long Ot- 
hers. bravely borne. Margaret Ann 
■nee Bulkier '. aged 40 scars. Beloved 
mother or Davlna and cherished 
daughter of Peogy. Private crem 
ailon Service of ThanMqlvirto for 
her life on Monday January 13th at 
tl 30am. al the Abbey Church. 
Hampshire. No flowers. Donations If 

Hampshire. No flowers. Donations if I 
DSb. aiid dearly levcd and toTTng desired to the Young Disabled L'lUL 
n. ether at toe tele S«dS S3? T D S near SouUiompiou. | 

Blnl e and of Dennis. Admired and ^ 

loved hy her daughter-in-law Helen. NORTON - On January 6 1986. peace 
her grandchildren, great grand- *ully at Sldmouth. Phyllis Hannah, 
children, relatives ar.d mends. Fu- aged 83 sears. Cremaiton at Exeter 
ner at service al Uic RC Church cl St «™ S ,daw ^ anuar 3' 10 al 1 
John the E^nnoelist. Springfield No flower* by requeai 

Road. Horsham, a! 2.16 pm on PRICE - On Januarv 5th. peacefully at 
Monday . January 13. ioUcwed by home. Slater William Lloyd Price, 
private cremation Her wish was that M B.E . much loved brother of 

Road. Horsham, a! 2.16 pm on PRICE - On Januarv Sth. peacefully at 
Monday . January 13. ioUcwed by home. Mater William Lloyd Price. 
Private cremation Her wish was that MU. much loved brother of, 
no flowers be sent but donations Kathleen Mary Walker Funeral 
made, jr desired, la Help the Aged. St service at St Marvteborw 

James s walk. London £C1 ROBE. Crcmatlonum. Thursday. January 

BRAIN, - On January 6th. aged 63. 
Elizabeth May. at BctJull-cn-Sea and 


The tropical Islands or The 
Seychelles. EXOMC. urapolIL they 
offer more than luxury hotels and 
exciting wale reports, Oiir new 
brochure. devoted lo The 
Seychelles only, also feature: small 
hotels and guesthouses run by 
Seychellois families or. at the other 
end of the scale, a chance to enfoy 
Him on a private island. Setecfs 
unlaue "Dlne-ln. DbMsoul" meal 
plan, tree Fun Cord and an exciting 
choice of 2- Island holidays, add lo 
the outstanding value. Prices start 
at lust £575 f children £287). And 
wherever you lire tn Ihe UK. lust 
£17 gives you a flreldaas British 
Rail Link to and from Gatwlck 
Airport i children under five travel 
free) with a flig hts a week to choose 

tor a brochure. 

HERTFORD 10992) 660606 











2 Denman StreeL London, W 1 
Tel 01 -039 3621 '8007 


Now York £.147 0 w £260 rm 
LAnsrilM £180 uw £560 rin 
Toronto £163 o-w £255 rtn 
Ja'burg £264 o . w £465 rtn 
Sydney £599 a W £670 rtn 



1 65 DOO clients stoce t9Tt> 
o/w rtn 

SYDNEY £592 041 

P E R TH E57B£aB2 

AUCKLAND £409 £770 

8ANOXDK £198 £565 

SINGAPORE £251 £462 

BALL _ £514 £681 

HONOKONC £257 £498 

DELHI 'BOMBAY £280 £598 
CXJLOM0O £251 £420 

CAIRO £160 £266 

NAIROBI £251 £386 

JO -BURG £508 £479 

LIMA £263 £606 

LOS ANGELES £192 £582 

NEW YORK £139 £269 

GENEVA £76 £89 

01-937 6400 
01-6 05 IB IS 
OV -938 3444 




Massive stores or wool Wended 
Oviteira train £3.95 aq yd + VAT *■ 
many bargain* in roam sires m an 


182 Upper Richmond Rd, SWI4 
Tet 01-876 2089 

Free estimates - expert fitting 

+ OR ★ 

* HIRE FROM £16 PM ★ 



Albany Street. NW1. 

Tel: 01-9568682. 

No pnone booMage. 

Can In pereon at 


56-68 Putney High Street 
London SWiSIKF 
ran trance tn Fetanam Roa d) 
ART A 16723 ATOL la 


«4Vod cholate 1 1 A IB Jauv 
Self drive: 1 wfc£106p.V. 

2 win £196 p.p. 

Inc. lUShtte tl*il« PP- 
2 whs £269 P.P. 

Cordon Bleu food & Croc wine. 

0225-51 1 11 5 1» bra) 

ATOL 561 B ABTA1416X 


Instant bookings with Access 6 
Bardoycard hy phone. Chalet par- 
ties m VcrMcr. W Anton- MenbcL 
Courchevel and Vd dtsero. 

Steepercoach Air 
11 Jan £69 £129 

18 Jan . £99 ^ £139 

Also *^ C bargains Orem £691 

0273 8648 1 1 


wjtMgS gMf ' 

nr shops * IMBWPfflt. OT B'" r - 289 

SW11 Mon wanted «*t 
tor rttnred house ty the 
Easy travelling- DUe rm. N»3t_rS® 

W/M. £65 ‘SSfYSsT*^ 

pnone. Ring terfo re 9am. 228 1887- 

COSY FLAT. Watthamstow. £*3Qpe» 


CLAPHAM STH. Prof per son ov er 29 
*2Se^*OaL «wn (fie r oom, nrk 
ngsr Tut*. £»7S p-caii' ««L 6T5 



Dirt £B9CaJro 

£69 Nairobi 
£99 Joburg 

Auckland £405 o/w 

Tel Aviv 

£360 rtn 
£255 rtn 
£465 rtn 
£670 rtn 
£760 rtn 
£376 rtn 
£2 IS rin 

£360 rtn 
£169 rln 

£250 0. w £51 
£1400- w £21 
kok £2100 w C3f 

vtv £99 o' w £U 

Many other bargains 

Tel: 01-370 6237 

Non-Stop 3 Weekly 



AFRICA i Eteri. Wnl. South) 

Long-established expert* In 
disc mini tra-'el. For best scrv Ice: 
Tel. 01-950 1992 .'3986 


O- w Return 

Sydney C42S £770 

Auckland £460 £774 

Baimkok £205 £530 

Jo’burq £264 £470 

Lod Angeles £177 £350 

Traditional farmhouses. Giles, vtl- 
lar-. many wtm pod*. All the best 
rural A coastal area*. Family run 
compan*’ with 15 years experience. 

Bowhin Cottages 

B wanmore SoulFianuNon 


bland* 01-836 4385 

USA XMAS. From £235 return. - 
Mater Travel. 01-485 9237. 1ATA. 

discount fares. O.T.C Ol -602 3336. 

Frankfurt £S9Calro £208 

Part* £69 Nairobi £389 

Rome £99 Joburg £435 
Milan £88 H Kong £496 
Athens £109 Toronto £249 
Malaga £86 N York £276 
Faro £89 LA.'SF £545 

Gen Zur £79 Svd.'Mei £699 
Vienna £129 Dtrall £545 
L Palmas £119 T Avtv £169 


21. Swallo w SL . London. W.l 
Tel: 01 -457 0537 01-754 9505 


single return 

JOHUHG.' HAR £300 £466 

NAIROBI £220 £526 

CAIRO £150 £200 

KHARTOUM £1 85 £276 

LAGOS £220 £320 

DELHI -BOM £225 £550 

BANGKOK £186 £320 

□OULA £- £420 

and many more 

162.168 Regent SL London W.l. 

01-437 8255/6/7/8 

Late + group bookings welcome 



From: tit* £C9-Hots £1 79 
MUM of sandy beaches. Super 
choice Hotels with Pool*: Riding: 
Dancing: BBQ*. Free tennis. 
Wi ndsurfi ng 


Tel: 01-441 0122(24 tare) 

Nairobi. Jo*burg. Cairo. Dubai. Is- 
tanbul. Singapore. K. 1_. Delhi. 
Bangkok- Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe A the Americas. Ftamigo 
Travel. 5 New Quebec SL Marble 
Arch. London wi H 7DO. 

01-402 9217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10.00-15.00L 

CHEAP FARES wortdwtde. Pan 
Express. 01 459 2944. 


01-441 1 1 1 1 Travel wise. ATCH.17BS. 

DISCOUNTS Ist/econorov. Try us 
lasL FUghtboofcers. 01-3879100. 

LOWEST air fares. Buckingham 
Travel. ABTA 01-836 8622. 


Good value holiday* in large 
comfortable chalet near lifts In 
Courchevel. Half board or b&b. 
With .-without travel, friendly ser- 
vice ind free turnon and guiding. 
Try us out. 


phone 0484 548996 


Save up to £180 
Chalet Parties: £159 
Self catering: £99 

Tel: 01-785 2200 

March Dcbb <04221 781 21 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1252 


Chalet Parties 

11 Jan - El 39 

10 Jan E149 

S'C £99 

The TOP French and Swiss resorts 
Also avail In Feb. March. April 
Loads of fun for mb. cpb and gm 

ATOL 182001-3700256124 hr*) 

SKJ HOLIDAYS from £59 
Fram Manchester & Gatwlck 
Hotels & Apartments. 

Free Video A free exercise leaflet 
01-741 4686. 061-2360019 


SKI SKI SKI with John Morgan Travel 
fantastic chalets. B&B. 8. c Prices 


your travel agmt. 




The Spring t«l# begins 61 
WedoeKUa-. 8*b January, tor boarder v 
and Thursday. 9th January, for day 

¥ba*cJtoo1 win be ceMBraUng the cen- 
tenary of the bunding of 3le new school 
and the translation mm Htotitnay In 
1886 during the summer term, and an 
Old men— uni, former staff. Dost 
directors and g overnor*, and parents of 
past and present pupils are asfeod lo 
bole the datas of the moior evenix 
junej when there will be a luncheon, a 
service of tnanksgteing and rc-dcdi- 
caUon.a lea and get-together. 

the sport* on Friday. iinJubi 
AND SPEECH DAY (Saturday. 12th 
July l The guest of honour wB be ute 
dtstmgmshed OM MtchaaM an . the Rl 
Rcr Dents W'akllng. MC. 

Elizabeth Va) . al Be: -Jiill-on -Sea and 
tomwrly of Calculla. mother of 
Rknard and Antony. Funeral ai St 
Barnabas’ Church. Bexhlll-on-Sca. on 
Wednesday January lBth at 
: * 16pm. and ailerwards al East- 
bourne Crematorium. FK-wors 


ptemc to H. Carstln A Sons. 01-935 me drinking habits of a loved on* 

'Zr?r.._ DWF the festive season? Effective A 

ITCH1E. - On January 4. 1986. recognised treatment tor tills Illness Is 
peacefully at Threave Nursing Home. available in beautiful surroundings. 

and Antony . Funeral at St RITCHIE. - On January 4. 1986. 
i Churriv. BexhlU-oivSca. on peacefully al Threave Nursing Home. 
Lay January l&ih at Dr John Alexander Rltchlc. aged 73 
i. and otierwaros at East years. cf Porta way. Bro union. 

through Mummery. 31 Devonshire 
Read. BexhUI on^ica. East Sussex. 

BURRCW5.-Cn 2nd January. Nora 
Kamicen May. aged SS. peacefully . al 
Harare. Zimbabwe, widow of Bnga- 
dler Lionel Burrows, beloved aunt of 

available In beautiful surroundings. 
Act novel For illustrated prospective. 

_ con tael Clouds House. East Kncrylo. 

Devon Deariy loved nisband ot Pat Wilts SP3 6BC. 0747 85687. 

AL BOWLLY would have been 86 
gl Brannodu Churrh. Braunlon. on i-poierday If you are interested. 
Thursday Jjnuary 9. al 2.30pm- pnone 431 0063. 

Family flouers only pIc*bc. bur DAmniifinii'ic niKKACr c. miwVTt 

yesterday If you 
ODOtie 431 0063. 

Clarke A Sons. Braunlon. 

Ivan Vaughan’s research. 26 Pan ton 
StrreL Cambridge. C82 1HP. 

and Roger, and of ROE - On January bin peacefully In a rvT,'™— <=,„ 

r.-ontfa. HerndoncaiHl Rowrmary numng name Elaine Gertrude of H " nlrl/ *- IYla Mo dern Ari Coureos. See 

CAMERON JAMES GORDON - On Contord dills. Poole. Belov ed wife of Educauonal Courses column. 

Januarv 3rd 1986. aged 9S. Peace- Frederick, molhor of Anthony, sister ■■ - . 

hbly al Hlghflvlds. Saffron Walden. Hcrsei and daugluer of Ihe late Sir Tim . jure 1-re T 

F 'moral service al Cambridge Ci!> Norman and Dame Mabel Brookes of rlULLDAxS AND » LLLAS 

of Hcpms and daughter of ihe late Sir 
F 'moral service al Cambridge City Norman and Dame Mabel Brookes of 
Crematorium on Friday January Melbourne. Australia. Cremaiton 
10th al 5 30. Family flowers only. private, no flowers bul donations In 
donations If desired lo Ihe R.N.L.I. Jtw memory may be sent to Canccr 

CH A KNOCK SMITH. - On Saturday. t "£S2 re D: _ _ „ ^ 

tanuary 4. 1986. peace! ullv al home. RYDER, Rev Tom. Group Card Retd. 
Ursula. BA. SRN. aged 80 yearn, of an Jan nan' 5th. 1956. peacefully al 

cower End Road. Waurndcn. Bucks 
The luneral service will take place al 
%i Nicholas Church. Huicoit. 
Bedfordshire. on Wcdticvlay 
Januarv IB al 1 1 am no«m and 
cnaulrtcs please, to H vv Moron fi 
Sons. 9 High Street. Newport 
Pagnol I. Buckinghamshire. 0908 

CM ENEV1X -TRENCH. - On January 


TENERIFE. Jan Feb InG hols. 
Excellent hold, from £172 p «*. 
superb boach apts from £60 pp n wk. 
FH gills from £96 Ind. 01-247 1982. 

» Luke's Nursing Home. Latimer aStaIaTOL 

Road. Heodlnglon. Oxford, aqed 77 a»ia- aiui.. 

years. Private cremation at Oxford. . 

on Fridas . January totnal 10.46 am. 

fqHqwodJy a me mortat^serytee al ia WINTER SUN BARGAINS. Ail Ind. 1 

mi: ( \;ri sc vrit;i-s \ i i.: 

Conieand choose a beautiful bargain 
from our vast collection of Persian 
and Oriental, dd and new carpets. 

ssKSrSd* rss \ r\ r R t 

Sunday Ilain-tipin. I I JL VI 

Credit Girds wtiusme. I . 

MR-J vxllpf 

ld:lll-..M /HI. Lt-'u.. 


noon ai Si Janie's the GreaL Radley, 
near Abingdon. Oson Family flewvrs 
onb donations if desired to S> Luke's 
Nursing Honie. Engutrtes to Bro/nte) 
A Bon. Oxford 773666. 

Katharine Atom iex war Office. 
Foreign Office l. personal Interviews. 
7 srofey PI. Wl. 499 2SE6.<BJM.B.) 
FRIENDSHIP, Love or Marriage. 
Datetnw. at) aaeo. areas. Dateline, 
grog. ItoUdny tourneys. JLA 01-747 j 7*01^8^1. Bt * a ’ 

WINTER/SPRINO. L>SA. Comb. , F B51 C &, twp 

wa attiac hotels. BAB. Athens 

"JLZSSre IKLXSnjm' r^Si»dBBUS 

world Holidays. Gl -754 2662 

4 peacefully ai his home m London. |SALE - On January JOt. 1986. peace- I - 

R-->berl Dents, aged 66. Fimerai fully In hosptlnl. Arthur Worsp Sale, 
rriiiav. Jommry 10. 12 noon, al beloved husband or use late Gabriele 
Sal i wood Church iHythe h'enli. CremaUon service al Colder* Green 
Family flowers only please Enouirlm is-asi CTvmeli on Mopday. January 
in Haves A English. 146 Hoxton 13th. bul donations lo Ihe North 
Bfreet. London N1 . Tel: 739 7 1 65. Lp n,J «g ”?** ,k * Grou P- «iS Cadogan 
COOPER. - December 20 In Munich Place. SW i . 

Michael. briovrd husband of SANFTLEBEN, Katherine Silvia into 
Ro-.wiiha and son of LTsula "So he Turneri. Suddenly on 61h January. 

parsed over, and nil iho I rum pels 
sounded lor him on Ihe other side.' 

CRONIN. John Desmond. FRCS. while 
riding on 3rd January. Greatly loved 
husband of Cora and father oi .Anne. 
F.iiilinc and Charles. Funeral ai Alt 

1*86 al West cliff on Sea. oood 77. 
widow of Alan Sanfbeben. Funeral 
SI Mary's Churrh. Prime well. 17th 
January al l.SOpm. No (lowers 
please, bul donations. II wished to the 
Multiple Sclerosis Society. 

LOW COST FLIGHTS. Moot European '0£22> 677071. 

S^\ l 1m i jfTvi“roSS <,or0, ^ WJ3 FLIGHTS Greece. Algarve. Canaries. 
0062. ABTA . ATOL 1 960. I Spain. Germany. Italy. Switzerland. 

1 Zeus. 01-434 1647 ATOL. AITO. 
ROME £97. Milan £77. Pisa £102. 
venire £102. Naples £107. Phone 
Clao Travel OX-629 2677. 

TURKEY. Flights A holidays. For 

°atol ia9e s, ' ewwe ’*' OI 

holiday*. & 86 brochure now wiL Moving 

TOL 01 -891 6469. ATOL 2047. .MM* 01-240*129 

PUY ST VINCENT I French Alps' from 

ftninis Church. Mlnslead. Hants at SAUND Mohan Singh, suddenly on t si 
5.30pm on Friday loth January January. Hr will forever be treasured 
Flowers and enquiries to John ay hu loving wife Jstwindcr Kaur 
■sturney. Funeral Directors. nnd children Jasbtr. Daljll Balvlr. 
t yndhursL TcL LyndhUTU 2264. Hardlsn and Ratlndcr Cremadcn In 
R-gulescai In Face. Leens on loth January. 

reicefully al heme In Cambridge, rm Jean Gertrude iner JocLsont aged 7s. 

Januarv 3. 1986 Dearly loved 
•mi band, lather and grandfaihcr 
Cri mation ai Cambndoe. Tuesday. 
January 14. 2 3Cpm No flowers by 


FACG. BRENDA. - On 31 si December 
t^ss. peacefully in hospual. Funeral 
se-vicn al Coldrn Green Crema 

beloved wife nf Codtam and dearly 
loved mother of Richard and 
Christopher. Funera] at Putney vale 
Cremalorium on Tuesday lain 
Januarv at 2.30mn. No flowers by 
rrouest bul donations If wished to the 
Council lor Arthritic and 
Rheumatism Rescasrch. 

ton um London HWii on Thursd a:- STRANG - On Januarv 2nd 1986. 

91b January I9S6al 1 lJOam. Mary Guthrie fnee Cochranei ol 

GIBBS. - On 2nd January, 1086 al Strawberry Hill. Twickenham. Be- 
tter home In PeovlaVc. Surrey. lowed wife of Iho lale Gooroe B Strang 

Mali i*. atted 88. widow of Tony, who of Glasgow. Mummy of Paddy and 

d'fd In 1973. mother of Martin and Dodo. A Service of Thankstovtog wOJ 

Frances and grandmother of Philip. be held at SI Columba s Church of 

Patrick. Andrew. Michael. Stephen. Scotland. Pont Street. S»l. on 

Anna and Hilary Funeral at is Monday January 27U» at noon, 

rinon. Monday. l3Ut January. SI VIOLA - on January aui 1*86. peace 

Mare 1 * Church. Pcaslake 

HANN. BELL. - Dear een ot Hannah 
and the late Bill Hann. cm December 
25. Prtvpn cremaiton at Haycombe. 
Beth. No ftowers please, bul 
donations may be sent to Sold-n Hill 
House. Byfleid. Davemry. 

HAPGOOD. - On January- Sth. 1*86. 
niddenly ar homo, Denis, aoed 64 

lull)' al tils home In WokUngham. 
Robert Fronds, aged 61 years, dearly 
loved tiusrand of Anncllese. dear 
lather ot Simon. Angela and 
Christian and much loved grand- 
rather ol SAD'. Emma and Jason. 
Service al St Paul's Church. 
Wald Ingham. Tuesday. January lain 
at 2j>m. followed by private crem- 

- On January Sth In hospital 
a long illness., william Neville 
Lloyd Wade. LDS. RCS. Freeman of 
Ihe CRy of London. Dear husband of 
Mamie . rather of Sarah and grandpa 
of Charlie and Matthew Bird. Funeral 
ai St Marys Church. Studham. 
Thursday. January 9th at lO-A&am. 


years, of Lab Pay. Little Tretyn. Pock. 

Lornwjjl. dearest husband of Pita 

Marklind Lynne? and^lf five grand- Gl Portland SL London Wl. I 

childien.. Private creroauon. Scr.lce WALLACE - On January 3rd. 1986. j 

of thanksgiving for his life on 
Moaady. January 13lh. ai St Minver 
Parish Church, al 5.30pm. Family 
flowers only. Donations if desired lo 
RNLI. wade b ridge Branch, c.o 
National Westminster Bank 
Wadehrldge. Cornwall. 

pearefulLv at Dome In Blarrll* after a 
tong llinewi. Dorothy Hamilton tnee 
Des Ouaruerw. M Hf- aged 84. 
dearly loved wile of Forbes Wallace. 
Malay Slates Polio*, retd. Served In 
both world wars with British Red 
Cross. In both UK and overseas. 



Ai- veu d »'u<toit. “n*e m 
•re ot- H lfl J ft CAMP AMfPIC A rert 
loi 9 A-ret IT. if*, m, arr. cd 

n(j[r. m «j»mre"»-r i -^rvfy- . 

Pie'll'. irrUde F'*e i-lum Dgk" Mrd. 

CCctol renri orri no "D ft .irety lie* ii— * 

ler aidependeni ho-ri 
a v ;n ,ii- n'nr.'iH o«d c^'afcie f-o-i 
A--- ri jerri^b" 

vvpiie wyn T 


Opl FT Do 
37 Ouee-v Gate 
L enhn Sf-t 
CrCollOI-S8l 7J7* 


• ii*iic|’ . ./ ' 


-r f--- 




AT 10 A.M. 

01 836 0289 

01 221 9112 
0225 60756 

(AT 5.30 AM) 


Over 200 rugs and masses of ceramics 
and lampbases at half price. 

15% off sofas and sofa beds plus 10% 

off cane furniture and coffee tables. 


Terrier puppfen- Kennel dub rotes- 
tend. Fully tanoculated. 12 wka old. 

tered. Fully tanoculated. 12 wka old. 
-Undocked Ians". £178. Tte 262 

WHIPPET PUPPIES, bitches, excel 
ped i gree & t e m perament, reedy now. 
Huntingdon area. Bythorn (080141 


Ready now. K. C. Reg. Excellent 
breeding. Dog ishow potential) Caaa 
Pte bitch £350 Ph one 0 526-510845. 
GOOD HOME WANTED for excellent 
6 month padttKM Welsh Springer. 
Tel: 673 6484, 



mahogany, i mm a cu late, superb tone, 
as new. £5.300. Haywards Heath 
10444) 412008- 

reconditioned- QuaUTV al rmsonaMe 

sssSKafiBr ^ s - 

To ad^’ertise in 
The Times or 
The Sunday Times 
please telephone 

01-837 3311 or 3333 

Monday - Friday 
9 ajn. to 5 JO pm. 

m» aim 


aw* to so% hbxjctions 

Comraenem January Btti 


299 Laoadai Stmt, 






N«w technotogy; get about 18% more mflaage. more power and 

S BM'Wi 

SCREEN ON BAKER BT. 908 2773. 
*11 The Powafl/P t e sa l iuiUM 

Rutter to brezhnev 1 15) 

2- 4S. 4^4a 6JS6. 8-50 Frt /Sat 11 , 1 9 



D. ■■ >_■_ 

Buy^War Medals 

Including Order* & Decorations 

Sptnk A Sen Limited 
King Siren. Si James', , London SW |. 
THqihonc 01-930 Tggs (34 honnl 
Fiashl tvhrd MM 

Over 1*3 zailfion of the o»st 
afBoent people in tbe country read 
the classified columns of The Times. 
The foBowing categories appear 
legslsriy every week, and are geo- 
erafly aco-upanied by reJevant 
editorial articles. 

Use the coqpon (ri^d), and find 
out how easy, hst and economical 
it Is to advertise m The Thaes 

MONDAY Education: University 
Appointments. Prep. & Public School 
Appointments. Educational Courses, 
Scholarships & Fellowships. 

TUESDAY Computer HoriWBK a 
comprehensive guide to the 
computer market. 

Legal A pp oi ntmen ts: Solicitors, 
Commercial Lawyers, Legal Officers, 
Private & Public practice. 

WEDNESDAY La Crime de bt 

Creme: Seaetariai/PA appointments 
over £7400. General secretarial 
Property: Residential, Commercia], 
Town & Country, Overseas .Rentals. 


reeatsc Chief Executives, Managing 
Directors. Directors. Sales and Market- 
ing Executives, Pub lie, .Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. Including a 

new classification entitled Fmaaetiti 

FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 
buyers’ guide Featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 


Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc, to small and large 
companies or businesses- 

SATURDAY OitcmThreb 

Holidays abroad. Low cost [fights, 
Cruises, Car hire. UJL TraveL- Hotels, 
Cotiages,Hotidaor lets. 


S ** ** The r-B, sorter MnmBs. cmm 

Shnfcy MatgoBs. 

St, LomIhB WCI 4H 

TELEPHONE (Day lime). 






Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


' 420 

6JB CMHwAlL ,'= 

&50 BroaWwtTlrneAYBb Frank ■ 
Bough and Satna Scott 
WBfifterstBlSfc 7.25,7.55, 
825 and 8-56fr regfanri news, ■ 
WMther Hndtravafaf€v57, 
727;.7.57 and 8JZ7; naflonat 
and fntomationai news at 7J30, 
Z20.3LOO, &3Q and9.00;«pdtt 
at 750 and UBfc.tha new Top 
TWrty at 7^ pfcqfWTfght 
LouJse'Pagt reviews the - - 
nmTsingiwwBpapsra at 857. * 
Pto, Sevarly Alf-s fashion 
hints; and Alison Mitchefl's 
‘^one-in fStanctelacMca.' .- 

950 Caefax Ptay Schoot, •. 
presented by Sarah Lora with 

iT i ■ ’ I r - r - l ’ m 1 1 tr 1 1 

Ghartw.Thte week* s edhtph. 
of the magazine programme 1 
tor Asian women Incfuetos the 
regular presenters talking to 
Sarta Maheshwan about their 
work, interests and pastimes . 

11.15 Ceefax. 

12.30 News After Noon wrth Richard 
Whitmoraand Frances 

Coverdate. induces new 

headlines with subtitles. 12.55 
Regional news and weather. . 

1,00 Pebble Marat One. The 
cooking canon, John Bey. 
joins forces with Rabbi Lionel 
Blue to create some heavenly 
cooking. Liverpool poet Craig ■ 

Kan Boicevand singer 
Webb complete the line-up 

1.45 Bagpusa (r) 2JOO Ceefax * 
3£2 Regional news.- -.' • 
Henry's Cat goes on a 
Treasure Hunt Narraiadiy. . 
Bob Godfrey 4.10 Jahbo.and . 
the del Set. Cartoon series 

4.15 Jackanory. RikMayall 
with the third episada of Roald' 
DahT-S story, George's ' •*. 

Ma/velbus Medicine 455 
Laurel and Hardy. Cartoon. - 
version (r). . 

WIzbiL A new series for 
children starring Paul Daniels 

5.00 John Craven's 
Nemrwnd 555 77» Farm, by 
Jufla Jones. The story of a 
young man.who decides he 
doesn't want to workon the 
family farm after ha leaves’ 
school: Starring Haydn 
WatJdns (r). ' 

Fest Cfass. The first round of 
a new’vkteo qyiz ter schools; ■' 
presented by Debbie 
Greenwood. ■ 

News with Nicholas Witchail 
and Andrew Harv By .‘Weather. 
London Plus. 

Wogan. Ronnie Corbett's 
guests, Include David Frost 
Marfan Montgomery, and 
anthropological documentary 
film-maker Baron Hugo Von .. 

Lawick/ ... 

"• 6.35 
-V 7.00 

* • 755 

' n <-T 

" % »iC* 

- «.•: 9-00 



No Place Like Home. The first 
m a new series of the domestic 
comedy starring wnfiam Gaunt 
and Patricia Gamood.the ' ‘ 
couple whose chfldren always 
return, home when thereto 
trouble in their own particular 
nest (Ceefax). : f l 

Comedy Classic; Dad** Army. ‘ 
Captain tyauwaringVplatoofV. 
taka onJfiwUbW rivals, 

initiative test TTienyamen, the 
vicar and the vwger/sae'fcrir 
Play-’ . . 

Newa wfth^ifllaStapwviUe .’ 
and John HjmighryfcWeafrier, 
Ths Mantage-^-^-part - ■ 

docunentwy itradng the ‘ 
engagement and flrstyoar of 
marriage, of Mam and Karan 
(Ceefax)(9ee Choice). 

Fine The Dynamite Man from 
GteryJaB(197l)stajTtng . 
James Stewart. George - ... .. 
KenaBcjy.AnnB Baxter and 
Kurt Russafl. Mattte Appfcyarct 
is planning his future with the ' 
$25,452 he saved while 
serving a 40.year prison 
sentence. But others want to 
share ms fortune and Mattie 
has to use his sfcfll with 
dynamite'ih order to keep his 
hands on his hard-earned- . 
money. Directed by Andrew ... 



H.5. Good MondngJBritein 
• ■ presentedby AnneDiamond 
and HenryKafiy; Newswfth -• 

' Gordon Honeycomb* at 8.17, 

;. 9.0Q;axardsesat&2frand.. 

' 9,T7;sportat&45 and 7-34; . 
cartoon at ,7J?4; pop video 
; -revi«w-M«4a excerpts from 
the bestdfTy-am’s first two ... 
the caretri theelderfy at$.04, . 


-$JS- Thames «mrrh«ufilnes. - 
130 For Schools: Chemistry in 
: action -'aluminium !Lf»- ■ 

- Maths: numbers aritflength . ■ 

" MDJttWth birthday - 

- - celebrations 10.21 A day in the 
: Hfa.trf amarfcet staJWwidar . ‘ 

1CL33Wrttlngthescrtptfor . 

' • SpMng Im^as 1 1.00 Part one 
■ ' ■ ofthe historical drama; The 
Sea GreenMan ii^o For the 
•- hgaring-Vnpaimdll^THoW:. . 
Captain Scott kept warm in the 
Antarctic. . ••". . 

12-00 .Moechofte. A puppet aeiies ' 
satin prehistoric fimes(r)- v- 
. -12.10 Our Backyard (r) 
t220 Wish You. Were Hero . .-. ? - 
Judith Chatmere reports from 
/nrfia; Annaka Rice on a cyfing - 

... tour of .die Lake District: and. ' 

Sara Hoitam by and Jeremy .. 

. . Gittins from a fiatiBa holiday off 
. tile coast of Yugoslavia (r% - 
>■00 Maws at One wgh Leonard ' 
Parkin 1JB Thames riewa ' 
1.30^ A Country practice. • - 
. 2XF On. the Market A new series . 
’ of the food magazine ” 
prograrmne presented by. •' 

.- Susan Brookes and Trevor 
Hyett &OO Gems. Part one of a 
new series of the drama satin . 
tec Covent Garden workshops. 
■ . . of a fashion deartgnxompany 
3u25 Thames news headlines 
3 JO Sons and Daughters. 

4.00 Moscbops. A repaatofthe 
programme shown at noon 

. 4.1 0. The Tetebuge. Cartoon; 

series 420 The Wafl Game: - 
- ChUdrerifroni Westdehe. 

■ Junior School, Brighton. btiffd 
. scenery based on three secret 
words. - ,• 

4.45 The Bobk Tower. Roger - 
.McGough returns with eighth 
series of the titerary interest 

, programme (Oracle). . 

5.15 EHocktwsters. 

5.45 News wfth.Martyn Lewis 6.00 
. -Thames hew*. 

625 Heipl Vw Taylor Gee with 

• news of a_seff-heip. group for 
'sufferers of scoliosis - lateral 
.. ctavature of the ^ilne. . 

6.35 Crossroads. A vlsfi to tiie . 

'• dogs' home turns outto be an 
unhappyone. ' _ . 

' TM This fa Your Lffe. Eamonn 
Andrews treats an 
unsuspecting worthy to a *. 

; potted biography. 

7.30 Coronation -Street Ken : 
decides to teH Susan the truth 

• AoutMIka Baldwin (Oracle].. 

8.00 Duty f=ro«L Th* first of e hew 
" . series p/ comedfes abbot two 

' j..- cpupfe&on apackage^ioflday 

. in■Spa^n{Ored•).■■ “'»* 

8.30 Never the Twain. Donald' ; 

• Binden and Windsor Davies •' 

. comedy about the two feuding 
■4 ■ antique dealers, this' evening' 

.. . both smitten by the same shop 

9.00 Lyttoo’sKary. Neville Lytton, ‘ 

- after reedvertrigTrani a brutal 
mugging, returns to his place 
at the’ top ofReBt Streets 
gossip columnist tiee. with a .- 
story, about scandal In‘ 
Whitehall- (Oracle). 

4CL00 . News at Tan with Mastalr . 

- Burnet and Sandy Gall, 
Includes a report from 

. - Kurtfetan.'Weather.' ; 

' 1020 . lifidWMkRport Spec^aL 
•’ Highlights from FA Cup third 
' round replays; Kevin Keegan 
previews this' summer's World 

- Cup: and there Is action from 

- the last quarterfinal match 
ofihe Mercantile Credit . 
Snorter Classic. ' 

12.15 Night Thmqltts. ' 


rr.frM $ 

.MX - 

ra,.d r J •-*'.?/ * * * 

m imm m 


Sara Scudef! hTosc»*s 
- Mss, - BBC2, 9.00pm 

•- TOSCA*S KISS (BBC.2, 9.00pm), 
Daniel Schmid's film about 8 Milan 
rest home for retired opera singers 
and classical musicians. Tugs at the 
heartstrings. I suspect there wffl be 

more lhan one vtowtf fonight who. 

Scuderi as sheiistera to her 
'recorded younger self singing Vcssf 
(Tarte, wlfl say with her: "How silly 
of me. I atriKstfee! Rke crying." 
Overall, however, this is riot a 
mawkish film. There are redeeming 
flashes of operatic temperament 
and one-upmanshtp: And flattery 
• (wobbly'vofces are lauded as - 
"Nearly betierthan Caflas" or 
"almost like Canso") is received' : 
with wry, wise, smfles. Alas, the f3m 
takes far too lor^ over its - a 

sweat old man's slow return journey 
tfiFoughhis diplomas and press 
notices. . 

• AstJasmond WBcox's 
documentary serial 1T1E 
MARRIAGE {BBC 1,9.30pm) deals 


only with the first year In the^named 
Dfe of Marc and Karen Jones, it is 
fnevrtabfy open-ended. Whether 
they live happily ever after or not is 
in the lap of the gods. There are' 
douds dscanroe on the horizon at 
the end of episode one. Theirs is 
what, rightly or wrongly, we think of 
as a modem marriage. Sexually, 
she tfid not befleve m saving h«self 
for manage. He, always a lad for 
the girls, proposed to ner hi bed. 

She opts for a marriage vow that 
excludes obedience. For him. 
Saturdays, after 12 noon, will be a 
write-off so far as domestic bliss is 
concerned because, after rugger 
■with the boys, it will be a night of 
drinking with the boys. Ana, as to 
hopes that marriage has made him a 
changed man, the most that Marc 
will venture to say is that at least he 
has changed his underpants. 

• Practically every word of 
MASTER OLOF (Radio 3, 7.30pm) 
proclaims it to be minor Strindberg, 
but, as this Is the first production of 
the play on British racfio, it has 
considerable curiosity value and you 
cannot deny that this tale of a . 
Swedish embryonic Luther has' 
been rousing !y directed (in Michael 
Meyer’s translation) by Martin 
Jenkins. It is unimaginable as a 
stage play, despite the theatricality 
of much of the acting. 

• The last echoes' of Christmas 
can be heard in A CAROL SERVICE 
FOR EPIPHANY (Radio 3, 4.00pm), 
from the Chapel of Trinity College, 
Cambridge. And it should be 
entertaining to be reminded in ITS 
10.00pm) that there is more to Betty 
Driver than the gift of keeping the 
customers happy in Coronation 
Streets Rovers Return. 

Peter Davalle 

9.00 Ceefax. 

928 Daytime on Two; Science- - 
' stretch', weigh. and bounce 
- 104)0 For four and five-year 
olds 10.15 Mathematical 
Investigations: proportion 
1038 Maths: geometry 11X0 
Words and pictures 11.17 The 
. ' story of fight 1 1.40 The story 

- of four friends' cycle ride in the 

- country; . 

12.10 GCS£ oral English 1225 Part 
'■ one of a nine-programme 
series for aspiring rock . 
musicians 1.00 Maths fix 
adults taking O-iaval 1.15 - 
Taktog a short term 
commission in any of the 
. servlces-1.38 Alternative 

- technology 2.00 How Afferent 
clocks woric 2.18 The first art 
class in a series tor rtne-to-12 

- year olds 2 j* 0 The early days 
of space travel. . 

3.00 Ceefax. 

420 World Darts. Tony Gubba 
Introduces highlights of last 
.night's matches in the 
Embassy World Professional 
Darts Championship- - 
SM The Royal Institution 

Christmas Lectures. The third 
. of Professor Devid Pye's 
series: on communicating. 

6.00 Film: Lady Hamftton*(1 941 ) 
starring Laurence Olivier and 
Vivien Laigh. The story of Lady 

* Hamilton, the wife of the 
British Ambassador to Italy, 
and her affair with’ Horatio 

- Nelson which shocked Engfish 
society. Directed by Alexander 

8.00 Frickley - The Changes. The 
third programme in the series 

- tracing a year in the Sves of 
five people fixing in villages . 

; around Frickley cofflery 
focuses on Beryl Lawton who 
. came to London with the 
Frickley Ladles Action Group 
with the purpose of raising 
money for the miners' welfare 
.fund.. ; . 

: 825 Worid Darts- Tony Gubba 

-jntrdducasactkminthe: . 

Embassy .World Professional . 
'... i-’OartslChatnpioastiip frorii the 
■ La(<esid« Country Club; 

' Caniberiey. 

: Mfl Artra^r*»anhT«M'4 Kfea. 
A doojmentery About ahome 
v . - . -for retired opera sihgers — Jhe ' 

- Casa' .Vardi In Milan (see. 

1025 Worid Dofta. The last match in 
. the second round of the 
. Embassy Worid Professional 
• . Darts Championship, 

'• Introduced by Tony Gubba 
- •' from the Lakeside Country' 
Club. Camberley. The. 
commentators are Sid Waddell 
' and Tony Green. Followed by 
Philip Larkin's poem, 
Dubfinesque.Tead by Craig ' 
Raine • - 

1CL55 NewsnighL . 

11.40 Weather 

11.45 Worid Darts. vlsttol 
the day to the.Lakeside 
Country dub, Cambertey, the 
. .venue tor the Embassy World 
Professional Darts 
Championship. Ends at 12.15. 

220 Snooker. Dickie Davies . 
introduces coverage of tiie 

- opening frames of the third 

quarterfinal in the Mer cantil e 
Credit Classic. ' 

. 4J0 A Phis 4. Kiri Te Kanawa takas 

time oft from rehearsals for 
Simon Boccanegra at Covent 
' Garden to talk to Mavis 
Nicholson about her career. 

420 Countdown, Christopher ; 
Nolan from South Wtrral 
challenges yesterday's winner. 

5.00 ABce. Mel discovers that he 
has to have an operation on 
his deviated septum and 
wonders whether to use this 
as an opportunity to have his 
nose 'remodelled. 

5.30 Shakespeare Lives. Michael 
Bogdanov, with the help of 
Suzanne Berttsh and Daniel 
Massey, examines 
Shakespeare’s Taming of the 
Shrew to try and discover it 
the play debases women (r). 

6.00 The Christians. The first oU 
1 3-part documentary, first . 
shown on ITV in 1977, m which 
Bambx Gascoigne traces the 
impact and influence of 
Christianity through the ages. - 

7.00 Channel Four news with Peter 
Sissons anOAtastair Stewart 
includes the last report from - 
Gwynne Roberts in Kunfistan 
which shows an ambush dose 
to the Iraqi Divisional 
Headquarters HI Zakho, near 
the Syrian and -Turkish 

7.50 Comment. The political slot 
this week is fa led by Andrew 
Hunter, Conservative MP for . 
Basingstoke. Weather 

8JM The American Century. The 
first programme in the second 
series of the Mstory of Time 

. - Life's pioneering cinema news 

magazine. The March of Time, 
tracing its development from 
1939 to its demise in 1951 - 
' (Oracle) 

820 Nelson Mandate. A 

documentary tracing the . 
histo ry of black Sou th African 

!*-.* resistance under the ' 

leadership ot. Nelson Mandela. 

9.00 ' City .Love rs. The first of five 
•v fprns'dramattzed from short 
" .-. storf&5 hy the South African 

'■ - ( ./.-npvetetNacfindGordlrner.This 
'' ' ' story concerns a German 
geologist, on a contract in . 

' South Africa, who has an affair 
with his coloured house girt . 
The BbttiorttiBS are tipped oft 
. and both the German and the 
girl are arrested. Sterling Joe 
Slewardson and Yvonne - . . 
Jacobs. • 

10.00 FOm: Swann in Love (1 983) 
starring Jeremy Irons. A 
drama, based on the novel by 
Marcel Proust, in which Irons 
plays Swann, a 19th century 
Jewish Parisian who becomes 
captivated by a lady of 
doubtful virtue. He 
accompanies her to her home - 

. where he meets another, older 
woman, and his jealousy Is 
aroused. Directed by Volker 
Schlondorff. English subtitles. 
Ends at 12.05. 

On longwave. 1 also VHF stereo. 

£55 Shipping Forecast 8.00 News 
Briefing: Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Today. 625 Prayer for the Day T 

620 Today. Ind 620. 7.30, 820 News 
summary. £45 Busi n ess News. 
625, 725 Weather. 720, 820 
News. 725, 825 Sport. 7.4S 
Thought tor the Day. 

8.43 More wrestOng Than Dancing. 
David Moreau recalls more 
attempts to coma to grips with fife 
(3). Growing Up with a Bang. 627 
Weather; Travel. 

9.00 News. 

9.05 Mdweek: Libiw Purves with 
stwfio guests/ 

10.00 News; Gardeners' Question 
Time. Clay Jones Is the chairman 
as Dr Stefan Buczaeki. Geoffrey 
Smith and Les Jones answer 
listeners' queries. 

1020 Morning Story: Nothing to Worry 
About by M. W, Jackson-Cox. 
Reader Jo/m Westbrook. 

10.45 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 1 1 B).t 

11.00 News; Travel; Station of the 
Stars. Radio Luxembourg 
invented the (Sec jockey and 
produced many top 

broadcasters, nd Noel 

Edmonds, who tete the story 
from its beginning in the 1930s 

- M. 

11.46 Teach Yourself News-speak (new 
series). WBam Davis elicits 
explanations from the erudite. 

1220 News; You and Yours. Consumer 
advice, with John Howard. 

1227 The Mystery of the Blue Train by 
Agatha Christie. Dramatized in 
six parts (2) The Blue Train. With 
Maurice Denham. Janet Maw and 
Robert Beatty (r).1 1225Weather. 

120 The World At One: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 125 Shipping. 

220 News; Woman's Hour, indudes 
an interview with PR specialist 

K Franks. 

The Afternoon Play. 
Anglers by Ned Sharaoh. With 
David Ross. The story of a local 

angfing dub.t 

3.47 Tune for Verse. Graham Webster 
presents poems about the 
theatre. Reeders Christopher 
- Scott end Hugh Dickson. 

420 News. 

4.05 The Sky's the Umtt. WUam Davis 
reports from America on real 
estate in the sky (r). 

4.45 Kaleidoscope Extra. Michael 
Rosen and PatTriggscfiscuss 
children's books with Chris 


5.00 PM: News Magazine. 

620 News: Financial Report 

620 Transatlantic Quiz. Iranu Thomas 
and John JuBus Norwich 
chaBenge a United States team: 
Shana Alexander end Brendan 


720 News. 

725 The Archers. 

720 Influences (new series). Bernard 
Rutherford talks tn two people 
with a common link: Jeffrey 
Archer and Roy Hsttarsiey. MP.t 

7.45 Choices tor Voices. Robert Ltoyd 
continues his investigation into 

0 w careers of singecs.t 

8.15 A Very Superior Baby. Marjorie 
Lofthouse on the work of tne 
Repository of Germinal Choice, a 
sperm-bank tn California. 

9.00 Th'ny-Minule Theatre. Without 
Fire by Wally K. Daly. With Paul 
Daneman and Norma Ronald (r). t 

9.30 Mves of the Greet Composers. 
First of ten programmes, 
presented by Fritz Splegi. 

9-45 Kaleidoscope. Includes Alan 

Bush's 85th birthday concert, and 
the film, Orion's Belt. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Vice Versa by 
F. Anstay (8). Reeder: David 
Davis. 1029 Weather. 

1020 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial Work! Tonight. 

1120 A Better Brew. Colin Tudge talks 

to scientists and industrialists 
who are trying to change the 
trafittonal pint of aie. 

1220 News: Weather. 1223 Shipping. 

VHF (available in England andS I 
Wales only) as above except 
525- 5.00am Weather: Travel. 
11.00-1220 For Schools: 1120 
Music Workshop. 1 125 Junior 
Drama Workshop. 11.45 Radio 
Club. 125-320pce For Schools: 
125 Listening Comer. 225 
Looking at Nature. 220 Quest t 

2.40 Pictures m Your Mind. 220 
Something to Think About 520- 
5.55 PM (continued). 1220- 
1.10am Schools Night-Time 
Broadcasting: English Resources 
16 Plu s. 

( Radio 3 ) 

625 Weather. 7.00 News. 

725 Morning Concert Gluck's 
overture tphlgenia In Aufis 

(Salzburg Mdzarteum Orchestra); 
Schumann's PapBons (Perehia, 
piano); Telemann's Suite in A 
minor (Petri, recorder: Academy 
of St Martin-avtfie-F)Bids).1 8.00 

825 Mozart's overture Cosi fan tutu 
(Academy of St Martin-in-the- 
FteWs): Ravel's Cinq chansons 
poputalres grecques (Margaret 
Price, soprano; Janies Lockhart, 
piano). Barak's Concerto for 
Orchestra (New York PQ).t 920 

9-05 This Week's Com poser 

ti»Stofeef1ln^Oar»fl n9 
Chorus): Three pieces for string 
quartet (Chifirtgirtan); Priboutki for 
voice and eight instruments (John 
SWriey-Oujrt. baritone and 
Ensemble imercomemporain); 
the beflet Petrushka (Leslie 
Howard, piano; and tile LSO).t 

10.00 Johan Svendson. Violin Concerto 
bi A (TeUefsan and Oslo 

1020 John Ireland: For remembrance; 
Amberiey WBd Brooke; The 
darkened valley: April; Sonata. 
Played by John Clegg, (piano) .t 
11-25 BBC Welsh SO (under Owain 
Arwel Hughes). With Isobel 
Buchanan (soprano). 
Canteloube's Songs of the . 
Auvergne; Martina's Sextet; d‘ 
Indy'S Sextet Op 92.t 120 

1.05 The Essential Jazz Records; Max 
Harrison with recordings 
including Godchild, by tne Red 
Norvo Trio, and Good bait, by 
Dizzy Gfflacpie.t 

120 Matinee Musical* Ulster 

Ortfiestra (under Wordsworth), 
with Christopher King (clarinet) 
and Paul Schumann (clarinet). 
Mozart's March in C. K 408 No 1; 
Alan Frank's Suite lor two 
clarinets-. Parry's Lady Radnor's 
Suite; C Stamttz's Concerto in B 
flat for two clarinets and 
orchestra; Malcolm Arnold's 
Sinfometta No 1 Op 48.T 

2.30 Debussy Piano Works: Danse 
boheminenne: Ballade: Trots 
Images: L'isle Joyeuse. Played 
by Eric Parkin (pis no). 1 

3.00 Poulenc and DuMBeux: Poulenc's 
Concerto in G minor for organ, 
timpani and strinq orchestra 
(French National Radio 
Orchestra, with Marie-Clalre Aiarn 
(organ); DuuSeux's Symphony No 
2 (Lamoureux Orchestra).! 

4.00 A Carol Service lor Epiphany: 
from the Chapel of Trinity 
CoNege. Cambridge, f 425 News. 

5.00 Midweek Choice: Locatelli's 
Introduzione teatrale. Op 4 No 5 
(Academy of St Martin-in- the- 
Fields); John FoukJs's Keltic 
Lament (Jacques Orchestra, in 
mono); Moxwefl Davies's 
Wortdes BUs (BBC SOr. 
Weinberger's Why this desire? 

(T eubar. tenor. In mono); 

Franck's Choral No 3 (MBHngton, 
organ): Beethoven's Piano 
Concerto No 4 (Schnabel with the 
LPO); Weinberger's Polka and 
Fugue from Scnwanda the 
Bagpiper (PhBadelphia 
Orchestra ).t 

7.00 Choral Voices: Chatham's School 
oi Music under Micheal Brewer. 
Works by Durufte, Holst (Sing me 
the men; Matthew, Mark, Lulu 
and John). Obrecttt. and Vaughan 
Williams and John Powell 
arrangements of traditional 
works Including Early One 

7.30 Master Otof: Strindberg's play, 
translated by Michael Meyer. 

With MUes Anderson. OAys 

Hamlett, Anthony Jackson, Alfred 
Burke. Kathryn HurUxrtt. Cyril 
Luckham, Geoffrey Collins anfl 
Jim Norton. The story of a stormy 
pnest who takes on tne power or 
the monarchy .T 

9.40 Grieg: ZottanKocsis (piano) plays 
Lyric Pieces. Op 43.1 
925 Stx Continents: ten McDougall 
with foreign radio broadcasts, 
monitored by the BBC. 

10.15 Penderecki; ie Deum (Cracow 
Radio SO under the 
composer/Brighton Festival 
Chorus/and soloists Ga&iianka, 
Bamewicz. Kendal and Andrzej 

1120 Chamber Muse from 

Manchester Mayumi Fujikawa 
(violin), end Craig Shnpard 
(piano). Beethoven's Sonata m A, 
Op 12 No 2; Debussy* Sonata in 
G minor; Mendelssohn's Sonata 
in F. Op 4.t 

11.57 News. 12.00 Closedown. 

Radio 2 

4.00 Colin Berry.t 6.00 Ray Moore.t 8.05 
Ken Bruce presents The Happy 
Annnrerury Shgw.t 1020 Jimmy 
Younat 1.05pm David Jacobs.? 2.00 
Anna Ford.t 3.30 Music AO the Way.T 
420 David Hamlton.t 6.00 John Dunn t 

8.00 Syd Lawrence in Concen.1 8.45 Big 
Band Special (BBC Big Band). 9.15 
Listen to The Band. Charlie Chester with 
recordings made at Coventry Cathedral 
n aid of Opportunities for the Disabled- 
9.55 Sports Desk. 10.00 it's A Funny 
Business. Betty Driver relives some of 
the humorous moments of her career in 
show business. 1020 Hubdrt Gragg 
says Thanks forthe Memory. 11.00 
Brian Matthew presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from midnight). 1.00am Bill 
Rennells presents Nlghtride.t 320-4.00 
A Little Night Musket 

( Radio 1 

6.00am Adrian John. 720 Mike Read. 
920 Simon Bates. 1220pm Newsbeet 
(ten Parkinson). 12.45 Paul Jordan. 3.00 
Steve Wright 5.30 Newsbeat (Ian 
Parkinson). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. At 
6.30. he reviews the new Top 30 album 
chart. 720 Janice Long. 10.00-12.00 
John Peetr 


Classical R scorn Review. XJH Quota. 
Umtuoa. 9JD0 News. 9.00 Renew of ttw British 
Press. 9.15 -nu World Today. 130 Rnanctal 
News. 3X0 Look Ahead. 945 Short Takes. 
10X0 News. 1DJJ1 OmnUxjs. 1020 Jazz Score. 
11JM News 11.09 News About Britain. 11.15 
Natural Selection. 11 JS A Letter From Wales. 
12JXI Radio NewsreeL 12.15 Naurs Notebook. 
12J25 The FanrJng World. 1145 Sports 
Roundup. 1X0 News. iX9T*/enty-Foir Hours. 
120 Jerome Kara. American iSeniux. 2X0 
Outlook. 2.45 Report on Religion. 8X0 Redo 
Newsreel 3.15 A Perfect Day. 320 Radio 
Active. 4.00 News. 4.09 Commentary. 4.15 
Rock Salad. 4.45 The Worid Today. 5X0 News. 
5.09 A Letter From Wales. 5.15 fAonltsr. 3X0 
News. 3X9 TVfsmy-Four Hours. 9.15 Album 
Time. 9.45 Reaxtfng Of The Week. 10X0 
News. 10X9 The World Today. 10X5 A Letter 
From Wales. 1020 Financial News. 10-44 
Reflections. 10.45 Sports Roundup. 11X0 
News. 11.03 Commentary. 11.15 Qood Books. 
1120 Top Twenty. 12X0 News. 12X9 News 
About Britain. 12.15 Rada NewsreeL 1220 
Redo Active. 1.00 News. 1X1 Outlook. 120 
Waveguide. 1X0 Book Choice. 1X5 Monitor. 
LOO News. 2X9 Review of the British Press. 
2.15 Netwom UK. 220 Assignment 3X0 
News. 3X9 News About Britain. 2.15 Ths 
World Today. 320 What da wa do with the 
Mentaiy II? 4X0 Newsdeax. 420 Classical 
Record Review. 5X5 The World Today. 

All times in QMT 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m: 7089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5. Radio 4: 
20PkHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC 1152kHz/261m; VHF 97^; Capital: 1 548kHz/1 94m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; Worid 
Sorviea MF 648kHz/463m. 

drc 1 5.35pm-6JM Wates 

ppv * 1 Today. 625-7.00 Juice. 11.50- 
11 J5 News and weather. Scotland: 
1Q.15pm-l0.30 Gtome Gochd. 625pm- 

7.00 Reporting Scotland. 1120-11^5 
Nava and weather. Northern Ireland: 
525p»-S.40 Today's Sport. 5^0-6J» 
Inside Ulster. 825-7H0 Fast Class. 
11^0-1155 News and weather. 
England: 625pra-7X0 Regional news 




Bllldovrar. 520 Cartoon Chttwh). 620 
Brookside. 8.30 Resto. 7M Newyddton 
Sarth. 720 Trafod Daugyda Gtynog 
Davies. 8.00 Roc 'Roi Te. 820 Y Byd or 
Bedwar. 800 Film: Change of Seasons 
(Shkley MacLaine). 1120 Comic Strip 
Presents ... Susie. 12.10am 

As London e 

III QTPR As London except 

1 cri I20ars-12Q Lunchtime. 
320-4.00 Three Little Words. 6.003625 
Good Evining Ulster. 12.15am News. 


Spot 125-320 Rim: And 1 Alone 
• Survived. Woman's ordeal after a plane 
crash in the Sierra Nevadas. 3.30-420 

PHANNF1 As London except 

Urt ANNUL sjarts 9i5 ^o For 

Openers. 120 Channel news and 

Report Back. 620-625 News and 
Scotland Today. 12.15am Late Can, 

weather. 120-220 Shine On Harvey 
Moon. 320-42 The Young Doctors. 
5.12-5.15 Puffin's Plafflce. 6.00-625 
Channel report, followed by A Tiny 

Chance of Survival. 12.15 Weather, 


6.00-6.35 North Tonight 12.15am 

News. Closedown. 

TVS As London except 120pm 

1 J News. 120-220 Shine on Harvey 
Moon. 320-4.30 Young Doctors. 620- 
625 Coast to Coast 12.15am Company, 


for Waalth. 120 Granada Reports. 120- 
220 The Baron. 3.30-4.00 Young 

Doctors. 6.00 Granada Repons. 6.30- 
625 This Is Your RjghL 12.15am Short 
Story Theatre. 1 2.40 Closedown. 

CENTRAL Lon * xl except 

1 r\Ml_ i2.30pm-120 

Something to Treasure. 120 News. 

YORKSHIRE ^^?S c8pc 

120-220 Bogart 6.00 Crossroads. 
625-7.00 News. 12.15am FBm: 

Hawkins: Death and the Maiden (James 
Stewartt 1.40 Closedown. 

Calendar tunchtime Live. 120 News. 
120-220 Falcon Crest 6.00-6.35 
Calendar. 12.15am Jazz. 12.45 

BORDER As London except 
pwnu ^ n 1220pm-1.00 Glenroa. 
1.20-120 News 3.30-4X0 Young 
Doctors. 6.00-6.35 Lookaround 
12.15am Nbws. Closedown. 

^etees asjjssar* 

Regrets? 6.00-625 Northern Ufa. 
12.15am Hello God! Closedown. 

TQW As London except 120pm-1. 30 
- - News. 5.15 Gus Honerttun. 
520-5.45 Crosswords 6.00-7.00 That's 
My Dog. 12.15am Postscript, 


Schools. 1120-1125 Looking Forward. 
6.00pm-625 Wales at So. 

t Sierso. Black and wtuta. jrj RareM * 


fire on 

From Robert Fisk 
. Beirut 

Toe Syrian Army was yester- 
day reported to have fired two 
Sam6 anti-aircraft m i ssil es at 
Israeli reconnaissance jets over 
the Bekaa Valley in the first 
incident of its land since the 
Israelis complained about new 
rocket deployments ipsrrie 

The Christian “Voice of 
Lebanon” radio station said in a 
broadcast that one of the 
missiles exploded harmlessly 
above the Christian village of 
Deir eV-Qalaa. Neither rocket 
reached its target 

The report came only an hour 
after Israeli air activity began 
over Beirut Two loud sonic 
booms from a high-altitude 
reconnaissance jet could be 
beard across the t aJiarwy 
capital during the morning 
followed by the roar of several 
planes apparently heading east 
across-, the Sannine heights 
towards the Bekaa. 

For several weeks now, the 
Israelis . have curtailed their 
reconnaissance flights over the 
upper Bekaa United Nations 
observers and Western embassy 
military attaches have noticed 
that the Israelis have limited 
their air operations west of a 
line running along the Mount 
Lebanon range ana south of the 
plateau of land in the Aricoub, 
which once formed their front- 
line in Lebanon. 

The radio report - which said 
that the Israeli jets released 
phosphorus balloons to deflect 
the heat-seeking missiles - came 
only a few hours after Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Israeli Prime 
Minister, bad said that “Israel is 
not interested in war and is not 
seeking escalation”. The danger 
of a flare-up existed, he said, but 
h should not take if both sides 
^Tiehave properly”. 

• JERUSALEM: Israeli pilots 
who flew the reconnaisance 
mission over Lebanon yester- 
day said they were mystified by 
Syrian claims that missiles had 
been fired at them (Ian Murray 

“The first thing the pilots 
heard about missiles was when 
we asked them after they landed 
about the Syrian claims,” a 
defence spokesman have said. 

“They certainly had no indi- 
cation at all that anything had 
been fired at them.” 


■kit * irk r First Pablisbed 1785 

Mr Cohn and Mr Schine at Nartholt Airport in. 1953 during their 
, Investigation of US information services in Europe 

Mr Cohn arriving for a 1954 Senate hearing and (right) conferring with McCarthy (centre) and another aide (right) 

McCarthy ghost haunts a last-ditch battle 

From Trevor Ftshlock 
New York 

Every now and then in America die 
ghost of Joseph McCarthy, the witefafinder 
general, appears. Here in New York H 
haunts an extraordinary straggle conduc- 
ted by his former associate, the remark- 
able Roy Cohn. Mr Cohn is said to be 
dying, and he is fi ghting a court battle so 
that he should not die in disgrace. 

Mr Cohn has many admirers in hi gh 
places. He is also well-hated. There is an 
indelible image of him in many memories, 
of a serpent-like young man with hooded 
eyes, whispering into the ear of Senator 
McCarthy, his boss, as that monstrous 
demagogue and character-assassin stoked 
hysteria in the 1950s - and found few with 
the courage to oppose him. 

Roy Cohn, once a student prodigy, 
whose brilliance as a lawyer was matched 
by 'his arrogance, was the senator's chief 
counsel, supplier of intelligence for the 
McCarthy machine. For this there are 
many who cannot forgive him. 

The senator was discredited in 1954, 
exposed as a bully and liar. Mr Cohn, also 
a bully of witnesses, accepts that he will be 
known forever as Mr McCarthy’s man, the 

whisperer. But, like others, he thinks 
McCarthyism was a crusade, not odious. 
He called it recently “a decent boor in 
history” and said : Mr McCarthy per- 
formed “a substantial service to the 
country, alerting it to the menace of 

In tile McCarthy years 'Mr Cohn was 
also known for his friendship with David 
Shing, and for the hirarre jarint they made 
to Europe to expose commtmism in 
American embassies, with re por ters 
following them and mischievonsly chant- 
ing: “positively, Mr Cohn, absolutely, Mr 

Mr Cohn overreached himself, and 
perhaps j»a«f»n— i his master’s ■ nil by 
threatening to “wreck the army”- if his 
friend were posted overseas. 

His fame, or notoriety, as a McCarthy 
man, helped him to build a prosperous law 
business in New York. He had a long fend 
with Robert Kennedy - and was acquitted 
on three occasions when charged with 
sw indling , hilwiy and hlarlmwil. 

He became ubiquitous, something of a 
power broker, a figure in society, an 
assiduous self-publicist, associate of 
celebrities. President Reagan has sent him- 

a get-well message. He has been an 
informal-adviser on political matters to two 
Roman Catholic archbishops in New York, 
courtroom defender of Mafia 
specialist in nasty divorce cases. 

Today Mr Cohn, aged 58, faces 
professional, dishonour. The New York 
legal disciplinary co mmi ttee has rec- 
ommended his -disbarment for alleged 
misconduct: Mishandling - $219,000 

(£149,000) of money, ignoring federal court 
orders to repay a $100,000 kma, being 
dishonest and deceiful and lying unde 

Mr Cohn and his. defenders see a vendetta. 
He has -talked of left-wingers trying to 
smear him. He says the charges are not 
serious and that some of his accusers are 
“deadbeat and yo-yo”. His lawyers say he 
is dying of cancer, and there is a 

suggestion that a decent man is being 
spitefully kicked while he is down. 

Next week Mr Cohn goes to the appeals 
division of the state Supreme Court, where 
his father was once a judge, to contest the 
disciplinary panel's Older, so that his long 
career should not end with the stain of 

on policy 

By John Yonng 

Agriculture Correspondent 
Mr William Waldegrave, 
Minister for the Environment, 
made it clear yesterday that he 
was'determined'to exercise his 
responsibilities for the country- 
side in spite of the insistence by 
Mr Michael Jopling Minister of 
Agriculture; hw ministry’s 
policies encompassed all aspects 
of conservation. 

Mr Waldegrave’s speech to 
the Oxford Fuming Conference 
was seen as further evidence of 
the continuing dispute over 
departmental- responsibilities 
between the two ministers. It 
was dearly intended to assert 
his own position in reply to Mr 
Jopling, who, allegedly upset at 
not being asked to address the 
conference, issued his own 
“speech” at the weekend. 

Mr Waldegrave emphasized 
that he was responsible for 
policies which were bound to be 
needed to supplement agri- 
cultural policy, and intimated 
rhy* further legislation might be 
needed if farmers did not put 
their own house in order. 

Asked later what form legis- 
lation might take, he said that it 
would principally concern the 
general area of landscape 
conservation, but government 
thinking i tps still at a very early 

“I think Michael Jopling has 
had the most difficult job of any 
Minister of Agriculture since I 
have been interested in forming 
or in politics,” he added. “I do 
not think it would have been 
possible for any minister to 
have done the sort of things he 
has had to do and still remain 

. Mr Waldegrave succeeded in 
delighting his audience with a 
denunciation of those who 
attacked formers as destroyers 
of the countryside. “The real 
war. for the environmentalist, is 
to limit the permanent loss of 
countryside to urban and 
industrial development and in 
that war forming is the only ally 
environmentalists have,” be 

He also insisted that a 
prosperous forming industry 
was essential for proper conser- 
vation. No environmentalist 
wanted the kind of agricultural 
depression represented by huge 
quantities of land going out of 
agricultural use. 


Today’s events 

New exhibitions 
North-west cartoonists. The 
Portico Library and Gallery. 57 
Mosley St Manchester. Mon to Fri 
9.30 to 4.30 (ends Jan 31). 

The German Woodcut in the 20th 
century. Collins Gallery. Strathclyde 
university. Richmond St. Glasgow; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 12 to 4 lends 
Jan 29). 

Oblique Symbols: work by Tony 
Carter and Stephen Johnson; Milton 
Keynes Exhibition Gallery, 555 
Silbury Boulevard, Saxon Gate East, 
Central lVfihon Keynes; Mon to 
Wed 9 JO to 6, Thurs and Fri 9.30 to 
8, Sat 10 to 3 (ends Jan 25). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Creative embroidery, canvas 
work and other crafts by Joy Allfrer, 
Frame Museum. I North Parade. 
Frame, Somerset; Mon to Sat 10 to 
4 (ends Jan 31). 

Watercolours, drawings and 
prints by Thomas Hearne; Victoria' 
Art Gallery, Bridge St, Bath; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 6, Sat 10 to 5 (ends Jan 1 1). 

Japanese prints: works from the 
first half of the nineteenth century 
(ends Jan 12); The Old and the New; 
selection of the most historic and 
modern works from the permanent 
collection (ends Jan 1 9); Towner Art 
Gallery and Local History Museum, 
High St, Old Town, Eastbourne; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5. 

Animals from the Burrell Collec- 
tion: The Burrell Collection, PoDok 
Country Park, Glasgow, Mon to Sat 
10 to 5, Son 2 to 5 (ends Jan 30). 

In search of King Arthur; Haggs 
Castle Museum, 100 St Andrews 
Drive, Glasgow; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Feb 23). 

Children's paintings and draw- 
ings: Museum of Transport, 25 
Albert Drive, Glasgow; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Jan 10). 

All the Tea in China: the history 
of tea-drinking in Scotland; Folio k 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,938 



1 Salesman quietly replaces source 
of fruit (6). 

4 Urbane Aberdonian twice de- 
tailed for manoeuvres (8). 

10 Primitive people’s state accepted 
by the wise (7). 

11 On the Continent the swindle is 
continuing (7V. 

12 Boy returning to Crabbc’s town 
gives a 23 act 10). 

13 Wrestling-bom occurring later in 
the year (4). 

15 Carry on in the theatre (7). 

17 Vessel for every potential 
customer? (7). 

19 Inferior covering giving highest 
profit once (3-4). 

21 One of Schahriah's birds? (7). 

23 A pointer's share in the action 


24 Weight-lifter and poor player 
hare about in Illinois (4-6). 

27 Like Hyperion, she was lost at 
sea (7). 

28 He gives encouragement to one 
engaged in speculation (7). 

29 Bleach for each animal skin, as 
cockneys say (8). 

30 Way an anarchist stood out 
obviously (6). 

["read warily as a prohibitionist 

rum aside from girl on edge (7). 
rhromde thus described in 
riain language? (5-5). 

5 Encomiasts fabricating lies with 

6 Throw out series of books with 
useless content (4). 

7 A large bitter, say, for die lady’s- 
maid (7). 

8 Feast no end of Kings (5). 

9 Pan of Antonio’s locked-up 
capital (4). 

14 Law-makers are strangely me- 
nial in character (10). 

16 Fascinated by the fourth appear- 
ance on stage (9). 

18 Bedaubed while drunk (9). 

20 Gambler takes in son? What a 
joker (7). 

22 Rarebit cooked for a judge (7). 

23 Agitated Milmoitar nominated 
for election? (3,2). 

25 Asian ruler, extremely knavish 
and authoritarian (4). 

26 Stone identified by only ten - 
not fifty (4). 

Solution of Puzzle No Mk937 



House, 2060 PoDokshaws Rd, 
Glasgow; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends April 1). 

Artistry in Shadows shadow 
ippets, silhouettes and scenes by 
itte Reiniger. Fairlyndt Museum. 
BotDesgh Saltertou, Devon; Mon to 
Suit 2.30 to 4.30 (ends Jan 19).' 

China through -Chinese eyes: 
photographs by members of the 
Chinese Photographers Association; 
Oriental Museum, Durham Univer- 
sity. Elvet Hill. Durham; Mon to Fri 
9 JO to I and 2 to 5 (ends Feo 28). 

Paintings and watercolours by 
Emmy Dinkd-Keet and Michael 
Dinlcel; Niccol Centre, Brewery 
Court, Ciraicester. Gios: Mon to 
Fri 10 to 4 JO, Sat 10 to 12.30 (ends 
Jan 30). 

Cadbury’s National exhibition of 
children’s art; The . Herbert Art 
Gallery, Jordan Well, Bayley Lane, 
Coventry; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends Jan 1 1). 


Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra;' Wessex Hall, 
Poole, 7 JO. 

Talks, lectures 
The care and propagation of your 
house plants by Mr B Whitehead; 
Red Lodge; New Earawfck, N 
Yorks, 730. 

Northern Bank lecture: Domes- 
day Book and the geography of 
Norman England, Br Dr Robin 
Glasscock. Ulster Museum, Botanic 
Gardens Belfast, 7.30. 


The 32nd London International 
Boot Show, Earls Court Exhibition 
Centre, Warwick Rd, SW5, Mon to 
Fri 10 to 8, Sat and Son 10 to 7, 
admission £3.20, under 14s £1.6(7 
(ends Jan 12). ‘ 


Births: Alfred Wallace, naturalist, 
Usk, Gwent, 1823; Wllkfc Coffins, 
novelist (The Woman in White), 
London, 1824; John Cartih, Prime 
Minister of Australia. 1941-45, 
Crcswick, Victoria, 1885; Solomon 
Bandaranaibe, Prone Minister of 
Sri Lanka. 1956-59, Colombo, 1899; 
Elris Presley, Tupelo, Missouri, 
1930. Deaths: Giotto, Florence, 
1337; Galileo, Aroctri, Italy, 1642; 
Arcangelo ' Corelli, composer, 
Rome, 1713; Paul Verlaine, poet, 
Paris. 1895; - Robert' Stephenson 
Baden-PoweH, 1st* Baron Baden- 
Powefl of Gilwell, Nyeri, ’Kenya, 
1941: Richard Tauber, tenor, 
Loudon, 1948. 



Starts today: Harrods (until FA I). * 
In pr ogre ss: Fortmun & Masqp; 
Neal Street East S' Neal Street, 
WC2; Atrey & Wheeler, 44 
Piccadilly, 129 Regent St, ‘ 8 
Sadrville St; Harvey Nichols; C & 
A (Brent Cross); Aquascutum;~Anny 
& Navy (Victoria); Austin Reed (all 
branches); British Home Stores; 
B urber r y; D H Evans (aD branches); 
Picking •&. Jones (Regent Street A 
Richmond); Fenwicks; J agger fall 
branches); Liberty; Scotch House 
(aQ branches); Selfridges; Simpsons; 
Laura Ashley (all branches}; Deben- 
hams (all branches); Halfords; 
Heals: UEywIntcs; John Lewis (ah 
branches); Buyers & Sellers Ltd. 

£10,000 bonds 

i nning _ 
month's £10/300 Premium Bond 
prizes are: 5AZ 357175 (the , winner 
lives in Kent); 3DS 778089 
(Hampshire); 22RB 343534 (South 
Yorkshire); 10SF 706281 (Somer- 
set); 1VT 400152 (Reading). 

Books - novels 

Tha Literary Ecftor'n otoct io n of fiction oM 986 In tr a nstefar 
A Sofcfier's Legacy, by Heinrich Bofi (Seeker A Warburg, E8.95 
Cranes at Dusk, by Hteato Matsu bar* (Sector & Warburo. 29. 1 

OrtsntaJ Tales, 

The Assault, 

Tim House at ... 

The Wand el Crimes, by VEaly Aksyonov ( 
The War at the Bod of the World, by Mario ’ 


Uosa (Faber, £9.96) 


The pound 







Aorta Scb 


. 24J0 




2 M 







7 JB 

Franca Ft 




277 JO 









Raty Lira . 



Jopoa Yaa 

287 JO 




Nanay Kr 





221 JO 

Sootti Atdca Rd 



Spate Fto 












Mn (orsmal dmntototon 

RaWI Plrtce Mac 37BA 
London The FT index 

I only, 
: PLC. OWwent 

dooad down 85 et 

-Monday -Setudey reocrt'^w^oly 

Add twee togeSwr to 
waaMy PortMto total 
' ffmr (otri matetoe the pufcto had .w eetdy 
Mdind figure you. have won outfght or a 

deeamine your 

of the prtte money staled lor that waafc,. 
and mm dean yaw prize ee hetrueted below. 

HOw to data . 




noMpfod outddv 
You rou te Here your card wWi you when you 
telephone. . . • - 

IfyouaiemeMe to telephone a omaoao alee 
can data on yw* behtei but may mat hue 
war card ana cerThe Times FortfaBo detae 
trie between Uaedputetaditaes.- . 

No respora&tty-aai be accepted far tatea 
to cont a ct toe ddme office tor any ree e on 
wfthfet me aMed ton. . 

The above tatruedona ere appfcabte to 
both dear end weddy dMdand detae. 
to Some Timas' Porfloto card a fictade minor 
bitaulnte to toe tauabm an the revere 

ride. These cwde are not tovafcMed. 

• The wonftv *>f fWta 2 end Siwe been- 

expended trom eerier ventas lor c J art flcsfi on 
p nmoa ea . The BemeUaeUle not aflbaetf and 
continue to be played In exaedy tm earn 
wayaa baton. J 


The Midlands; MS Contraflow 
between jimctions 2 (A4123 Dudley 
and Birmingham W) and 3 (A456 
Halesowen and Birmingham W). 
M5: Widening work between 
junctions 4(A38 Bronugrove) and S 
(A38 Droitwich); contraflow on 
southbound- carriageway; expect 
long delays. A34: Major roadworks 
in Stratford and at Akkrminster, 
long delays on the Stratford to 
Sbipston road, Warwickshire. 

Wales and the West A30: Lane 
closures on Camborne bypass, 
Cornwall. A338; Long term road- 
works on the Salisbury to Fordi ng- 
hridge road at Bodcnham. A472: 
Major reconstruction in Bridge St 
and Castle St, Usk. Gwent; 

Tha North: M6: Work on central 
reservation between junctions 32 
and 33, Lanarkshire. M61: Blacow 
Bridge (junction M61/M6): Con- 
struction of new motorway link on 
M61 at Walton Summit: left hand 
lane closure on both north and 
southbound car ri ag e w ays. 

M63/M62/M602 Eerie* inter- 
change, greater Manchester: Lane 
restrictions -N.of Barton bridge, in 
preparation for widening of M63 
two lane section. 

Scotland: MS: Surface repairs on 
eastboubd '• carriageway ■ W of 
junction 5 (Shotts/Harthfll). M73-- 
Oiitside lane dosed' at junction 2 
(Glasgow), northbound hnlc to M8. 
A82: Reconstruction of carriageway 
three miles N of Invermonston, 

Best wines 

- in a blind tasting ‘of 34 Chianti 
Riservas the following three were 
.judged outstanding 
Grand ncato Riserra defla Corona, 
Chianti Classioo Riacrva 1978, 
Wool worths, £4.29; Rnffrao Rherva 
Decale Chianti Classko 1978, 
Findlater Mackie Todd, Bottoms 
Up. Wbl Morrison or Peter 
Dominic, . £3.68-£5.85; CasteDo 
VfochSomaggio Prims VUgaa, 
Chianti GJassiar Riserra. 1980, G. 
BcBodl, NWl or La Vigneronne, 
■SW7,£7.99-£)0- . 

Source: Decanter. Jan 1986. 




,L W »' 


W*. 10 

- Mora snow needed 
St Anton 50 12S 

Now snow an hard base 

LaPlamM 85 130 

Magivw 60 110 

New snow on good base 
Mentos 25 80 

Good skang on afl slopes 
'A n da ma n - 20 40 

Runs to resort dosed, more snow needed 
Davos 35 60 • good - varied 

Pistes improved by new snow. 

Murran 30 30 - fair . varied 

Recant snow. hek>s, but more needed 
In tha above 
Britain, L 

snow reports page 21 . 


‘ Piste 

i.Off Runs to 

* Piste- Resort 

(5 pm) 



powder worn -- 


' -2 

fair • 

powder art 




powder good' 




powder good 




~ powder, tek- 




powder dosed 







ova reports, supplied by representatives of 
refers to lower slopes, Cl to upper slopes and art to artificial. Other 

the Ski Club of Great 


A frontal trongb in southern 
areas will weaken 

6am to midnight 

London, East AngSa. Mdtands, N 
‘j of sleet or snow 

Weiss: O utbrea ks 
dying out tatar wind fresh or strong; 
max tamp 3C{37F). 

SE, central S England. 5 Wales: 
Outbreaks of rain, partims snow on 
has. dyfng out tartan wind t moderate or 
fresh; max tamp BC (43F). 

E, NW, central N E ng forat Rather 
cloudy, chance of fight snow shower at 
first; wtod E fresh or strong; max temp 

Channel tetands, SW England: Stmny 
totsrvals and showers; wind E fight or 
moderate; max temp 9C (48FK 

Lake District, NE England, Borders, 
Edtobureh. Owidee, Aberdeen, SW, 
HE, NVT Scotland, Glasgow, Central 
BSorw HT - 

My arr. ’ 

temp SCI 



H^dnMta, Uorw Firth, Areyfe Rather 
cloudy, mainly dry wind SE fri 
strong; max tonp 2C (36F). 

Isle of Man, Northern Irafemfr Cloudy, 
outbreaks of rain at times, fittle snow on 
hBs; wind SE moderate or Ireah; max 
tamp 4C(39F). 

Orkney, Shetland: Mostly cloudy, 
bright intervals, scattered fight snow 
showers: wi nd SE fight or moderate; 
max tamp 3C (37F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and F rid ay: 
Changeable; less cold (star. 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sea: Wind S E 
_ moderate or fresh; 
snow, visibility moderate or 
poor saa rough becoming moderate. 
Strait of Dover, Engtoh Channel (E): 
Wind S fight or moderate; showers; 
vtsfbfflty moderate or good; sea sflght St 
Oarage's Chennai: Wind W fttfrt or 
moderate; showws; vtsMty good; sea 
slight, tosh Sea : Win d S fresh or strong 
becoming S moderate later; snow 
turning to rah; vMbBty m ode ra te or 
poor becomin g moder ate or good; sea 
rough becoming moderate. 

Letter from Cartagena 

Treasure returns 
to city of blood 


Now Moan Jwwy tO. 



1.32 pm 

Lighting-up time 

1 440 pm to 734 am 
I <60 pm to 7.43 am 
i^Bpm to 8.10 am 
r439 pm to 7.52 am 
i &08 pm to 7.48 am 


Tempomtuma at mMday yuwaay : c. ctoud; t 
telr: r, rata a, «m, si oieei 

C F C F 

si 2 38 Obo mu r 9 48 
c 1 34 to n t n o w I -3 27 
I 1 34 Jonor dr 8 48 

r 4 38 London f 3 37 

CardNI r 4 38 Hinr.taWir 13 37 

EdotMS^i 0 134 Naw ooi ta on 1 34 
* 0 32 •Ho Bo Ma w oy c 3 37 


At Carfagtaia on Ctdombia’s 
Caribbean coast mere mention 
of the British used to provoke 
blood-curdling oaths- Times 
change. Today Los britonicos 
trigger thigh-slapping mirth. 

- History here was written in 
blood over the centuries as 
mighty Royal Navy task forces 
and pirate fleets stormed this 
legendary city of the Spanish 
conquismdores to relieve it of 
Us booty. - 

At Cartagena, always de- 
fended by crack troops, the 
British lost consistently and 
often humiliatingly. 

Founded in 1533, it was the 
conquistadores’ first bastion 
on the South American conti- 
nent and, as a key port from 
which New World treasure 
was shipped back to Spain, it 
was built like a veritable Fort 
Knox, which in effect it was. 

Drake, Hawkins and Ver- 
non knew Cartagena, but only 
Drake managed to break in 
and that was in the early days 
- 1586 - before its defences 
took on their almost impreg- 
nable, grandeur. 

Today the city’s formidable 
forts and awesome seawalls 
stand silent beside the beauti- 
ful Bay of Cartagena across 
which cannonfire and battle 
cries once bellowed. Only 
when storm clouds gather, as 
they often do at dusk, is it just 
possible to conjure up images 
of tens of thousands of troops 
rushing to their posts along 
these ramparts, summoned by 
a look-out’s sighting of a 
British fleet on the horizon. 

However now the hated 
Britonicos are suddenly not 
only fuelling much hilarity but 
are also the toast of the town. 

Last year buccaneering 
British film producer David 
Pnt tnam and his Goldcrest 
company took Cartagena with- 
out a cannonball fired in 
anger. Puttnam’s trick was to 
reverse the strategy of pre- 
vious British invaders. He 
came not to pillage but to 
invest a considerable treasure 
chest of his own. 

Goldcrest spent three 
months in Cartagena and. a 
jungle region further north 
shooting a Latin American 
historical d rama entitled The 
Mission, starring Robert de 
Niro and Jeremy Irons. By the 
time they left Puttnam esti- 
mated that $7.5 million (£5 
million) of the film’s $20 

million budget had been spent 
in Colombia and forecast that 
there would be plenty more 
where that came from. 

Puttman believes that after 
the film is released this year, 
other international movie 
moguls will converge on 
Colombia . 

“All the dements are here - 
great natural beauty, varied 
climates, Indians, and a 
government which appreciates 
what films could mean in 
economic terms for Colom- 
bia.” he said. 

In foci, even the kind of big 
money Puttnam was talking 
about turns out to be small 
change compared with an- 
other windfall. For this. 
President Betancur hails the 
British talent for a good slot. 

Or rather he was portrayed 
so doing in a recent newspaper 
cartoon which depicted the 
sunken Spanish galleon San 
Jose. This lies 1.000-ft under 
the waves in Colombian 
territorial waters nine miles 
from Cartagena from which it 
set sail for Spain in 1 706 only 
to be sent to the bottom by the 
Royal Navy. 

Whatever The Mission 
eventually makes at the box 
office, it is likely to prove 
strictly a supporting feature 
beside the raising of the San 
Jose, to be undertaken by tbe 
Colombian Government this 
year when an attempt will be 
made to salvage the wreck. 

Unlike the Titanic, the San 
Jose’s wreck guards a truly 
fabulous treasure. It sank with 
what records show to have 
been the biggest caxgo of gold, 
silver and jewels ever loaded 
Grom the Spanish colonies. 

The Cartageneros view all 
this with characteristic Carib- 
bean humour but hope at the 
very least that publicity 
generated by both events will 
bring back international tour- 
ists driven away by the 

The town's tourist attrac- 
tions are diverse, ranging from 
the old walled city enclosing 
charming narrow cobbled 
streets of classic Spanish 
colonial architecture to a 
beachfront of skyscraper 
hotels modelled on Miami. 

its cannons may be silenL 
but Cartagena has lost none of 
its thunder. 

Geoffrey Matthews 

b-tatoo sky; bo-ttue sky and etoud: c-doudy. 
o-orarcasc 1-fog; d-dnzzte; b-hrit m-ntt; 
r-rain; s-onow; to-Biundoratorm: p-sfiowore. 
Arrows show wind (fraction, wind spasd (rrpty 
drctod. wnporaiuraa conUgmdB. 














































































Ite^asa ■ 


4 A 


4 a 























































Around Britain 

- J03 


- .11 

C F 

9 48 

6 43 acuity 

2 38 Snow pin 
0 32 Cloudy 

3 37 Du! 

3 37 P leat p m 

1 34 Cloudy 

2 38 Cloudy 

2 38 Cloudy 

3 37 Snow sri 
3 37 Bright 
3 37 GiM 

5 2? 

2 38 Cloudy 

3 37 Steer 

EdMwBh 02 - 2 36 Cloudy 


- 32 3 37 Snow pin 


MOOA* c. Ctowfc d, l. teto fg. fog: r , rain: s, ok on. enow. 

YMerday^TStnp: max 8 an» to 6 pm. SCOTFfc 
tan 6 pm te6 am. 0C (32F). Hunidtfy: 6 pm, 83 
par oanL Rohr 24hr to 8 pa. 0.11 In. Sue 24hr 
to 6 pm, nl. Bor, mem om total 8 pm, 1,0040 
roSbtrm. feAig, 




Highest and lowest 

jhest day tone* Cridroaa 11C 
[SZFJ kxmat day mmc to i wn — i -1C 
rtfgtaot mMrifc Extow 1.6Sta Mgtwto 
■uiritoK Gtosgow. (Lax. 



*- Primed and aiWhM by Tana 
Limited, P.Q. Bat 7. 200 
Road, Loudon. WC1X SEZ. 
Telephone 01 -837 U34. Tries 

Wednesday January 8 1 984. 

KcSBtered ai a newspaper at tbe Pen Office. 

Boob Aim* 


a rotawii * 

c F 

• 13.55 
f 18 « 
a 25 77 
S 15 59 
SI-4 25 
f 14 57 
a 18 84 
f 27 81 
f 13 9 

an — 1 30 
an 0 32 
a 19 9 
1 10 50 
a 2 38 
t 10 60 
I 0 32 
a 1 34 
s 33 91 
a 22 72 

• 24 75 
c 13 9 
t-11 12 

I 20 SB 







C F 
1-1 30 
c-3 27 
1 11 52 
ri 3 37 
f 9 48 
r 13 05 
f 8 48 
C 1 34 
a 18 84 

■ -1 30 
f 14 57 
fl -16 3 
a 18 64 

S 0 32 
C 11 52 
a a B4 
£ Z7 81 
a 21 70 
I 20 9 
I 14 57 
a 4 39 

■ 16 81 
*g-3 27 

r 4 



Now York* 



By tall ■ 


C F 
H 14 57 
1 13 9 
1 14 57 

■ 21 70 
fo 0 32 
» -10 14 
I -5 23 
e 1 34 
c 25 77 
* 10 SO 
« 17 83 
C 3 37 
S 9 48 
* -It 12 
« 2 38 
1-1 30 
n 30 86 
»-2 38 
I 1 34 
r 17 83 

a 21 70 

c 25 77 



g ta to iH 

Tot Ante 








denotes Monday's figures arakusttavatose 


0 13 
■ 23 
a 21 

s 7 

e 12 

1 11 
l 7 
r 3 
s 3 
c 0 
a 8 

c 19