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V : 

No 62*340; 4 ; 


The Times . \ Compel ; 

tition prize of £4,000 was won 
yesterday by .Mr D Xagroe of 
Hylhe, Kent Portfolio list, 

page 20; bow 'to play, ■ infor- 
matioa:service,back page 

Dublin ferry 
firm halts 
all services 

The Irish ferry company B+I 
suspended all its passetoggr and 
freight .services from Dublin.- to 
Liverpool, Holyhead . and - Ros- 
slare yesterday and laid off 
1,900 employees after industrial 
action ' by the- Seamens’ ‘Union 
of Ireland in protest against 500 
proposed', redundancies. The 
slate-owned company says the 
cuts are part of a vital rescue 

Militant links 
disclosed . 

Militant Tendency documents 
that show the extent .of its 
organization and the purpose of 
the Milliard' newspaper are 
being studied fay the Labour 
Party’s inquiry into Militant’s 
activities iaLiverpool ' -Page 2 

Blandford plea 
for bail fails 

An application for .‘bail' fay the 
Marquess ■ of - Blandford -vvas 
rqeekid at: Squdiwajdc 
Couxr' ywaftrday; pepeB 
appeal V^usik i tiu w'iteajn 
ihree-mb^aratebafc for fa 


Slave payment 

Flick, -for German industrial 
giants agreed : ii» pj»y compen- 
sation jhrridmsj and de- 
pendants of sl^e labourers it 
used dfaring tbe war. Later th is 
month Mr -Shimon Perea, foe '. 
Israeli Prime Minister, wfll 
visit: the site of Bergen-Bejser^ 
foe Nazi concentration camp ' 

. *. = FKchpkymtfot, pageB 

GPs rebuked 

Some 'family, doctors; send too 
many : patients - to hospital, 
regardless of foe economic cost 
of their decision, •' foe Depart- 
ment of Health’s chief medical 
officer says in a report Page 3 

Ulster choice 

Nominations open "this 
morning -for foe 15 by-elections 
in Northern Ireland caused by 
the resignation of Unionist 
MFs from Westminster in. 
protest at foe Anglo-Irish, 
agreement, ... 

Boycott doubt 

Thousands of young -Soufo- 
African blacks , were- in . con- 
fusion over whether id return to 
classes or maintain - their : boy- 
cott of schools for-- a -further. 

. -Tfic big Tour . banks {raised-, 
foeir base -rates by. percentage 
point to 1 2.5per cent yesterday, 

BanlT^f Englan^Tbe' Bank. 
Stepped in fo push up rales as 
the City was sensing a repeat, of 
last January’s sterling crisis. 

The -rise- in base; rates' is a 

condiseratale embarrassment for 

Mr N^.LawsoD.'^be'-Quneel- 
lo'r of Exchequer, ft; came' as he 
was meeting representatives of 
the Condederation 'of British 
Industry. and foe Trades; Union 
Congress -at foe 'monthly meet- 
ing of foe. National Economic 
Development Council. - - 

- 'Sir James;. Qemiilson , foe 
; OBI- president :said: ‘‘It is a 
great pity font this action is seen 
/to be necessary. It is adding to 
the uncorripetifryencss of Brit- 
ish industry.'’ Each percental 
point on bast rates adds about 
£250 •" million .. to - industry’s, 
annual borro wing costs . . 

• ‘Mr ;Roy Jfatlersley, the 
deputy , leader of- foe Labour. 
Party and" shadow* Chancellor, 
said: “Today’s f- per cent rise in 
interest rates is the price that we 
all ' ihave . to - pay ' for foe 
. Government’s vacillating in- 
competence. Rumour and coun- 
ter Tumour- about possible tax 
cuts and. confusion, oyer monet- 
ary policy has driven British 
mtrest rates even higher above 
those of aH- our major comped- . 
tors; • • 

, 7 Hopes of an early cut in 
mortgage - interest rates have 
been dashedby foe rise. But 
building society cbiefc yesterdy 
said they would not be raising 
borne loan rates in 'foe shore 
term..-, _ ''"jj. • 

MrPfctcrBirch, chief general 
manager of foe Abbey- National, . 

said- foe base rate rise- was a 
•temporary upset “We have no 

■ plans' at this stage to- increase 
faleSj’Mie said,. . 

. .Bui- City, economists believe . 
that, unless, there is an early; 
reversal mvesterday’s base rate ’ 
rise,- the building societies will ! 
be" forced' to push up mortgage 
rates, ,-curreniIy 12.75 per cent, 
within a month, or so. 

The, Bank of .England gave.its 
-signal for a rise in base rates 
shortly. after. midday yesterday, 
interested rates on foe London 
-money, markers had been rising 
since the start of - the week, 
partly . because of technical 
-pressures during - the peak 
corporate tax-paying season, 
but main ly because, dealers 
feared that weak oil prices were 
about to- produce- a repetition of 
.foe sterling . crisis of last 
January.' ■ 

■ By yesterday morning, 

money market - interest rates 
were consistent with-' a base ‘rate 
of 12 "per cent. They quiddy 
rose by another half-point 
before ' foe -Bank of England 
announced ‘at 2.30pm that it 
would . lend to. the money 
markets at a . rate of 12.5 per 
cent--- . - 

The Bank’s move which is 
similar to official actions under 
the old minimum lending rate 



three weeks 

r :?age7 


Restraints on exports . from- 
Japan and foe developing 'world 
cost British consumers . =£1 
billion a year, according . to; a 
study 'Page 17 

Geldof attack 

Bob Geldof, foe. Band . Aid, 
organizer, said that the Govern- 
ment made a serious public, 
blunder in not including mm in' 
the New Year Honoura list 

. Page 2 

BAe boost 

British Aerospace has won £100 
million of aircraft orders from 
the United States ; Plage 17 

Fdnoari bu Coirgspondeat : 

: tcagwroV ^tovas^; ik-'foat'fob empfoym 
pay - -dispute «fo\. in; . meet - foci that cbsctliation'aropnd a 
formally with - foe cottaJiation " percentage- -.increase V is "not 
seivice,' Acas, next Tuesday, tt; possible at present because of 
was announced hLstnighL lt wfil : tire, gap between the two sides, 
be- foe first such meeting in the The last informal 1 offer was 6.9 
L^month dinwte. • - . -J per cent, staged so that teachers 

The move is being seen as the would get 'J.5 per cent by the 
.best, and perhaps, .only, chapce- end of March, 
of settling the dispute this term.,- The teachers, however, have 

Although neither, -side . is ex- that they want the end-of- 
pressing optimism, - Mr Fred year element raised to 9:9' per 
Smithies,. - general -secretary of ^ “The employees say - they 
the National • Association of' afford -fo raise foeiT 

Schoolmasters Alhion . of, offer,, andthat if they attempted 

Women Teachers, said he was to -split fob' difference between 
encouraged.. . foe two figures, there would be 

. -" the, "^teachers’ .side, /"we . - .revolt. - - •" 

shall- be doing- everything . we Many local education auth- 
can. to help Acas move the oriues would - simply refuse to 
dispute .forward in a construe- pay it, a reliable source said 
live way.”; he said. A- spokes- yesterday. 'Some have already, 
man .for -the management panel told ' foeir- leaders ■* on foe 
would, only; say foat he would . Burnham, -negotiating com- 1 
have bcen . disappointed if the minee-foat foey cannot afford 
talks has not continued.- 6.9 per cent, staged to- 7.5 per 

.’It is understood. _that; the ry nT without making redun- 
manaBcmebt side is interested nancies, 
in -foe .idea of Acas/ setting up its- it is understood foe cm- 

.own inquiry info .the r pay. ployers have been' feeling 
dispute, • which - would report, -extremely gloomy "for several 
Quickly, and ; mijibt 'end : the' inonfos:; Particularly ‘ since ‘ a 
impasse. - Acas . has .indicated select- group of ‘foe Labour- 
foal it is . not averse to the dominated employers’ panel 

The . ..reason : it.- is. being .Continued on back page, col 6 

Britain set to resume full 
relations with; Nigeria 

* : By Nicholas Ashford, Dipfomatic. Correspondent 
^ Britain arid Nigeria. are reaady and Mr*. Leon Brittan, foe 
for an early resumption of fill! Secretary of State: for. Trade and 
diplomatic relations, interrup-' Industry, as “highly successful”, 
ted ;as a result of foe “Dikko” He said foe most significant 
affair- two years ago, after this aspect of his visit had been an 
<neek’s highly successful visit .fo . offer by' Mr Brittan to begin 
London by Professor Bolaji talks on a new line of credit to 
Akmyemi, the Nigerian Minisr" foe Nigerian central body. ■ : 
ter lof, External Affair's. . . . ! ■ He regarded this as a vote of 

: Although Prof Akinyemi was. “ confidence; by Britain in Ni- 
not prepared to comment in geria’s. rcently-annouriced econ- 
puWiCj-heis' expected to ' omic recovery programme. He 
recommend on his: return to" hoped. this would lead, to an 
Lagos . that -foe- two countries eariy agreement with Nigeria's 
should take steps to exchange, international creditors' on. re- 
ligh commissipners again. ' sfoed.uHng_Nigeria’s £H.8 bil- 
In an "interview, with 77ie. lion debt:-, 

Tune yesterday, . Prof Akin- .As ***£«* ^ eaprcajoa. .of 
yemi d«cribcd his ' talks with Brmsh. confidence, in foe ad- 
VI rs Thatcher, ‘ Sir Geoffrey ministration . of President 
Howe, foe Foreign Secretary^ Coutinned on back page, col I 

system, was approved by foe 
Chancellor yesterday morning. 

..A Treasury spokesman said 
“To have delayed ‘would have 
risked giving the wrong. signaL 
This underlines foe Govern- 
ment’s determination to take no 

riskswilli inflation.” j, 

The rise in base rates was led. 
unusually, by foe Midlnd Bank, 
which -Mr Christopher McMa- 
hon, deputy governor of foe 
Bank of England, is shortly to 
join as chief executive. -It was 
followed by Barclays, National 
Westminster and, finally among 
foe big four banks, Lloyds. 

The rise lifted the pound on 
the foreign exchanges. The 
sterling . index, which had 
dropped to ah eight month low 
of 77.5 on . Tuesday, rose 0.4 to 
77.9. .Jhe pound rose 45 points 
to $1. 4430 against a ^generally, 
strong dollar and was later 
quoted in New York at SI. 4450.' 

The- pound picked up' 
strongly against foe European 
currencies, gaming 2.4 pfennigs 
to DM3.5362 against the Ger- 
man mark and 8 centimes to 
FrlO.S483. against the French 
franc. . 

Share prices ’were hit by the 
rise, £2 billion was wipe d off 
stodk market values as the FT30 
share index fell .11.5 to 1123.8. 
Government stocks rallied. City 
economists -yesterday said foe 
action of foe Bank -of England 
was probably enough to prevent 
a crisis from developing. Mr 
Peter Fcllner, of James, Capel, 
foe stockbrokers said: “The 
authorities had a strong incen- 
tive to move early rather than 
late. They must hope now- that 
the oil price situation does: not 

Kenneth Fleet, page. 17 

PC faces 
charge of 

. „ ,By.Graig«dhai :1‘. 

A police officer - -is to be 
charged' ; with manslaughter, 
after the death of a boy aged 
five during an armed police raid 
in Birmingham last August, foe 
Director of Pnbtic Prosecutions 
has decided. 

■ Police Constable Brian 
Chester, aged 36. who is 
married with three children and 
who is based in Coventry, was 
told yesterday that he will 
receive a summons from West 
Midlands police to- ' appear 
before Birmingham magistrates 
and,. if there is a case to answer, 
will be sent for triaL 

PC Chester, . a trained 
marksman who has been in the 
force for - 16 . years, said 
yesterday . that he and his 
family were “bearing up well" 
In the circumstances. However, 
colleagues of the officer, who 
has been suspended on full pay 
since foe shooting,' said that he 
was ^dumbstruck” by the news. 

The boy, John Shorthonse, 
died' after a . revolver was 
discharged once while a search 
was befog made at the. family's . 
home -in King's Norton for his 
father, Mr John Shorthouse, 
who has since been remanded, 
in custody charged with an 
armed robbery in Wales. 

’ The West Midlands Police 
Federatiota- yesterday refused to 
comment ... 

Mrs Jacqueline Shorthouse, 
aged 23, the boy’s mother, who 
has . .two . other sons, . had 
demanded a -public-, inquiry. 
Yesterday, she visited her 
husband at ; Birmingham's 
Wcqson Green -prison 


GECdeny Westland 
forecast rejects 
loss on European 
contract offer 

Mr Charles Price, United States Ambassador, answers 

questions on Libyan sanctions outside tbe Foreign Office 
yesterday (Report, page 8). 

US ultimatum over 
Libyan terrorism 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

US gave a warning yesterday increasing public sentiment for 
foaL it was watching foe Gadaffi firm action against those who 
regime very, very closely “to see support terrorism.” Mr Larry 
whether it had ended its support Speakes. the White House 
of terrorism. If Libya was again spokesman, said yesterday, 
involved in a 'terrorist attack, - He added; "Many Arab states 
'foe iUS would not- hesitate-aov. have- -suffered. from ; terrorism^ 
take - a -military ^ 'response' and .Arab leaders are. well aware of 
hunufawn those responsible. Gadaffi 's uncivilized behaviour. 

The’; warning -cairne as evi- and he is a threat to them as 
dence was disclosed of terrorist well.” 

plots to blow up the Capitol and Repeatedly urging Europe to 
assassinate an American am- follow, the US lead, he said the. 
bassador. Washington has now cooperation of US allies and 
begun- urgent talks with friends friends was critical if Gadaffi 
and allies to enlist foeir support was to pay a high cost for his 
for foe US economic embargo actions. The US would hold 
against Libya and foe isolation further measures against Libya 

in the world community”. 

In a nationally televised press 
conference on Monday, Presi- 
dent Reagan condemned Colo- 
nel Gadaffi as a “Barbarian” for 
his regime’s role in supporting 
tbe terrorists who attacked 
Rome and Vienna airports. 
Invoking a threat to US 
security, he decreed a total US 
economic boycott -of Libya, 
ordered all remaining Ameri- 
cans fotre to leave immediately, 
and said further steps would be 
taken if the sanctions did not 
end Gadafli's terrorism . 

“Europe has bonie. the brunt 
of Gadaffi’s latest outrages. 
European leaders surely recog- 
nize that there is a strong and 

foe right to act “in an 
. appropriate manner” in its own 

The Slate Department later 
released a While Paper detailing 
■ the evidence of Colonel Gadaf- 
fis sponsorship of terrorism and 
of foe Abu Nidal group. The 
evidence is also being shown by 
US ambassadors in Europe to 
government leaders there. - 

It showed that Abu Nidal 
operated freely in Libya, that he 
had conducted training there- 
and ihst Libyan diplomatic 
missions had given logistic help 
to those involved in' terrorist 
assaults. The evidence included 
Continued on back page, col 3 

By Rodney Cowton 

Defence Correspondent 

GEC, one of foe companies 
in the European consortium 
whose rescue offer Westland 
directors are resisting, is 
involved in what may turn out 
to be a £20 million loss for 
the Yeovil-based helicopter 

Westland fear that the loss 
will arise on a £150 million 
contract to supply more than 20 
Sea King helicopters for foe 
Indian Navy. GEC have denied 
responsibility for foe loss. 

In foeir preliminary accounts 
which Westland sent to share- 
holders before Christmas, a 
figure of £106.6 million of 
exceptional provisions included 
an item of £20 million for a 
possible loss on an unspecified 
export contract. 

This was explained by a note 
with the accounts which said: 
“Difficulties have been encoun- 
tered by one of the principal 
sub-contractors on a major 
export contract, which arc likely 
to result in significantly delayed 
deliveries of some or all of 
the helicopters concerned. In 
this event liguidaied damages 
and additional costs could be 

Westland refused to explain 
this yesterday, but it is under- 
stood that the note was referring 
to the Indian contract and to 
GEC Avionics, which is produc- 
ing the integrated electronic 
processing system for foe Sea 
Kings on order. 

One source close to GEC said 
that it was nonsense to suggest 
GEC was responsible for Wes- 
tland losses. 

Mr Jack Pateman. managing 
director of GEC Avionics, said 
that foe contractual date for 
delivery of his company's 
equipment, mainly software, for 
the Sea Kings was December 

“We are not going to be late 
on that,” he said. 

It might be that the date was 
loo late for Westland’s other 
commitments, but Westland 
would have been aware of that 
when they agreed the contrac- 
tual date with GEC Avionics, 
.Mr Pateman said... 

It is" "understood "that Wes- 
tland had originally sought a 
delivery date roughly six 
months earlier, and GEC had 
initially proposed April 1987, 
before December this year was 

Third of young 
men turn to crime 

Nearly one-third of males in 
England and Wales an indict- 
able offence by foe age of 28, 
according to foe now edition of 
foe Government’s statistical 
compendium. Social Trends, 
published today more than half 
foe males found guilty or 
cautioned were under 21. 

Most commit only one 
offence, though, and the great 
majority of crimes are carried 
out by a small proportion of foe 
population. Social trends, page 5 

By Judith Huntley 

The Anglo- European consor- 
tium's improved offer for 
Westward has again been 

rejected by the board. 

Sir John Cockney, Wes- 
tland's chairman; remains 
adamant that foe rival £74 
million rescue package from 
Sikorsky-Flat be recommended 
to shareholders for the crucial 
vote on Jannary 14. 

The Westland board stated 
yesterday that the consortium’s 
offer has been only marginally 
improved, to £75 million, and 
the commercial prospects in foe 
Sikorsky-Fiat deal weight more 
heavily. The board unani- 
mously recommends the Ameri- 
can- Italian offer to its share- 

- Sir John Cockney has 
written to Sir Austin Pearce, 
chairman of British Aerospace, 
and leader of the European 
consortium, saying: “There Is 
no change in your commercial 

German letter, page 2 

Cuckncy profile, page 12 
■ Ronald Bun, page 14 

Tcmpus. page 1 9 

proposals and, as we told you 
on Monday, a marginal in- 
crease in the financial arrange- 
ments would not, in the board's 
opinion, materially affect the 
position. - 

The board will condone its 
whole-hearted support of the 
UTC and Fiat proposal.” Sir 
John left the door open, 
however, for further talks with 
the Anglo- European consor- 

The Europeans on foeir side 
suffered an embarrassing set- 
back yesterday. Lazards, the 
merchant bank acting for 
Westland, sent out a notice 
saying that a material error 
had emerged in the consor- 
tium's revised offer. 

Sir Raymond Lygo, chief 
executive of British Aerospace, 
stated on Tuesday that under 
the revised European offer, the 
present Westland shareholders 
would keep 64 per cent of the 
company but if they accepted 
the Sikorsky-Fiat offer- - they 
would retain (only) 63 per cent. 
The reverse is true. 

Lloyds Merchant Bank, 
acting for the Europeans, sent a 
circular to shareholders yester- 
day stating the terms of the 
reivsed offer and comparing it 
with that from Siborsky-Flat. 
Existing shareholders keep 64 
per cent of the company with 
the American-Italian offer, and 
only 63 per cent with the 

The Anglo- Europeans are 
offering IB million man hours 
over three years compared with 
Sikorsky-Fiat which is offering 
2 million man hours over five 

Shareholders are being 
asked for a £13 million rights 
issue from the consortium as 
opposed to £14.2 million from 

But it is the issue of long- 
term work which is the crux of 
foe matter. 

Libya calls sanctions a 
declaration of war 

FC Chester, who is sus- 
pended on fttllpay 

Tripoli (Reuter) - Libya 
yesterday described President 
Reagan's call for jin. inter- 
national economic boycott of 
Libya as “tantamount .politi- 
cally to a declaration of war”. 

■“The ' American - President 
had treated foe Libyan people 
with a barbarism which exceeds 
anything we had become accus- 
tomed to from past American 
Administrations.^ -Libyan radio 
said. , ...... 

. “What matters ; is foe end 
result,' which' is certainly not 
subject to foe 'will - of, foe. US 
Prudent," His past attempts to 
isolate Libya economically had 
failed to bring it to. its knees. 

On Mr Reagan ’Is. call for the 
. 1.500 ■ Americans' in Libya' to . 
leave or- face possible pros- 
ecution. the radio said: : “They 
are wel 'aware from - having 
.worked ; there Tor . years that 
Libya is different- from the -way 
Reagan tries to protray it, so 
they will be the first to see 

Dear Sir - from Disgruntled of Moscow 

The system under which em- 
ployers work ■ intensively -and 
retire eariy is flaying pn 
increasingly . important pa rt in 
British industry and commerce, 
Charles Handy, visiting pro- 
fessor at the London Business 
School, says in an introduction, 
to toaay's eight-page General 
Appointments section . 

Pages 29-36 

Business' - I7r2X J Sn*w reports 28 

Cross worra 12, 28 

From an analysis -of tliNi- 
sands of. readers* -letters, 
Sovjviskaya Rossiya, a leading 
Moscow daily, b*s pinpomted 
foe main sooal problems - in 
addition to the perennial Issue; 
of drunkenness. - affecting foe 
Soviet Union -at -foe' fesgterai 
ofJ906. : V ' V 

According to- tibe- paper* itr 
readers isolated' foe other; 
^bunting • social- IhomT [' ** 
subjects for complaint *n its 
popular readers’ dub column 
when, it vrais.'deddea foati aft** 
regular discussion over npendlS - 
«f two years, foe-qt»sti«t e>f 

alcohol-rebated problems . hatf 
been exhausted. ' ; ' - ■ ' . 

Tire paper, Teported'that the 
most -fireqaent owoplaiiit chwe 

* From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

- under foe broad heading “those 
people .who do not work, yet 
eat”. It quoted Mr N. Shkn- 
Jyev, an engineer from Vladi- 
vostok, who ' wrote: “Second 
only^ to drunkenness, fois ts the' 

- abscess in. our. society. Para- 
sites are not only dulling an 
economic blow to. the country, 
but are corrupting people. 

4 -'“The existence; of. good-for- 
' nothings is growing in numbers 
’from' year’ to; year; and is- 
humiliating for honest workers. 
It- is Eke -a' slap across foe' 
‘ cheek ‘or a spit in the face for 
aH of ns wfao work a full shift.” 

•Mr A -Shxpin, a -teacher, 
proposed foe - same hsae. 
“Parasites are ulcers -on foe 
body of our . society,” he said. 

“We must- either heal them or 
. surgically remove them. Other- 
wise foe disease will spread to 
' foe rest of the organism.” ; 

According to ; foe paper, 
“hordes'” of doctors- 'and 

patients wrote .in to nominate 

the state- of foe. people’s 
medical service which, it said, 
was evidently “acute". One of 
. foe n*"in complaints voiced, by 
ordinary citizens to Westerners 
is the chronic shortage iff vital 
drags and other medical sup- 

Many other letters named 
'“‘foe painful' problem of 
communal ^ housing” as one that 
should be discussed, while 
another- issue -highlighted by 

.foe paper 'as being “particu- 

larly acute” as a result of its 
survey .was. the ■ misuse - of 
official positions. 

One. Muscovite, Mr S. 
Kindov, wrote in 'to state that 
“many unpleasant phenomena 
have ripened 1 in onr lifetime.- 
indifference to'- public ‘ life, 
weak,, discipline, ' a -lack of 
order, embezzlement, arro- 
gaince,'. bureaucracy and empty 
words". ' • 

-In addition to; highlighting 
social problems, ■ Sovycttkaya 
Rossiya curia -'another series' 
of readers’" letters • this week' 
calling on. the- state* media to 
report more evenly, and not to 
conceal natural disasters in foe 
Soviet -Union -and other prob- 

through the lies and allegations 
of their President. 

-“Thus nothing remains for 
Reagan but war. of which his 
press conference has -been a 

' “Reagan may know what he 
wants, which is to strike at 
Libya any way he can, but he 
does not know the result of this 
war which, were it to break 
out, would upset all existing 
formulas in the region, starting 
with that of ' American influ- 

A Western diplomat here 
contradicted Mr Reagan’s view 
of ( Col 0 nel Gadaffi. 'the Libyan 
'leader, as irrational and “flaky” 
'unstable. “Nobody should think 
the Colonel is a mad person. He 
is hot mad at all." he said. “He 
-knows the weaknesses ' of his 

"H e does.not know Europe or : 
America or foe world; but he 
knows how to play with the 
United States.” 

Cricket tour to 
looks doomed 

The England B cricket team's 
tour to Zimbabwe next month 
will ‘‘almost certainly” be called 
off today, it was announced by 
Donald Carr, secretary of the 
Test and County Cricket Board 
(TCCB), at Heathrow airport 
last night, Mr Carr. was speaking 
shortly before the team left for 
the first part of their tour in Sri 
iiinka. / ■ 

. Mr Carr said the TCCB 
expected to receive confir- 
mation that tbe four players -in 
the party with South' African 
connections would not be 
accepted by the Zimbabwean 
Government. . 

- Cricket, page 22 I ; 




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How Militant ' 
uses newspaper 
to weld its 

By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 
Documents indicating the “The branch should regularly 
extent of Militant Tendency's discuss this work to ensure 

Wrangle over Westland 


Germans add weight 
to propaganda drive 

■ ■' : . 

•- -.t - ' 

r :»V 

* BL 

Party’s inquiry into Militant that the sdting of the paper is a 
activities in Liverpool. - basic condition of member- 

The documents, which are ship.” 
exhortations _ to Tendency It is understood - that although 
members to increase sales of the documents were written in 
Mihtant, make clear the lmk the late 1970s, they still form 
oebveen selling the newspaper the basis of Militant’s oper- 
and membership of the group, atron. 

One section state-. ‘The sdhng The documents urge the 
a^basmeondmon adoption a buSSssKke 
« ■ , v - approach to selling the paper 
m spreading MBiWs Sfiu- 

scU,ng ™ce and message. 

Militant should not be seen as 

justification for expulsion from , emphasized that the 

the party, but the documents S* ? f oigamaiig an insurrcc- 
will provide ammunition to ■“■** U P.°[* lhou f 1 ^ 

those, in the party leadership cannot be 

who want to see firm action 

-- V 

f.c-r . -•••' •• 

• i, ' TV-<i 

' ^ cH ■ v 

. 7 . >. - r-- *> 



• -o v - 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Whitehall , propaganda The Ministry of Defence last 
battle over Westland continued night took the opportunity of 
yesterday with , the Ministry of advising shareholders to con- 
Defence releasing the text of a sider both offers before deriding 
West German letter opposing on their votes, 
the bid by Sikorsky and Fiat. After Mr Hcsdtine had been 

Herr Dr Manfred Winter, sent a completed proxy form, 
fop federal . Minister for Dc- enabling him to cast a vote, the 
fence, told Mr Michael Hesel- ministry' said - “that when 
titte, Secretary of State for shareholders have been able to 
Defence, that he was “rdiic- consider both sets of proposals” 
tant” to. take sides, but he their proxy forms should be 
wanted greater European co- sent to the company registrar 


He also said that the Ger- 

rather then Whitehall. . 

• Members of Westland's 

mans had already rebuffed an biggest union yesterday voted in 
attempt by Sikorsky “to get a favour of Sikoraky-Hat rescue, 
foothold m our helicopter A mass meeting of the 

engineering uni on's! ASS seo- 

our helicopter 

A mass meet 
engineering union 

Dr Wfirner said: “Since we tion at Yeovil, Somerset, parliaments!! 
have already worked very endorsed the Westland Board’s coming week, 
closely together in our efforts preference for the American ... , 

towards a more intensive package, despite the earlier 

. Smith > 

When the Cabinet holds its 
first meeting of 1986 today, 
Westland will not be a separate 
item on the agenda. This does 
not mean that ministers will 
maintain a discreet silence on 
the issue that is now dominat- 
ing British politics. It wdl 
certainly be discussed, prob- 
ably under the heading ° r 
parliamentary business for the 

European defence and procure- expression of support for the 
ment co-operation. I would European consortium 
therefore like to express my # jhc Transport and General 
sympathy and support for your Workers Union has written to 

against the organization. 

.Copies of the documents, in 
the possession of The Times, 

the paper. A tendency which is { 
incapable of tackling these ! 
small,' but vital day-to-day tasks I 

dfepfiTfo? im^tance "Si of organization does.nbt de- 
Militant attaches to the news- «rve the name revolutionary. 

“There is no place in our 

paper, described as “the public 

face of the Tendency” and ranks ? or a disdainful attitude 
throughout refers to member- toward practical work and 
ship of the tendency. Militant organizational tasks which are 
leaders have often said that 1116 sluff of ^ revolutionary 
there were no members, only ™ lhe labour movement 
supporters. The business manager, like the 

There are several references treasurer, occupies an extremely 
to Militant as an “organization” responsible position. Every 

Mrs Drake, who has won EEC support for her fight for benefit to care for her disabled 
mother, with her daughters Mikala (left) and Gemma (Photograph: Mike Arron). 

Care allowances 

Value of a round-the-clock job 

But suggests that the 
discussion will focus not, so 
much on the merits of the rival 
claims as on how the Cabinet 
can best contain the dispute 

jv- worsens union nas wnnen to rr-* ranks 

idea of European backing of sir Raymond Lygo, chief 5** 18 te K 

Westland.”. ■ executiveof British Aerospace, That would be wise. 

The Cabinet will discuss foe wh 0 jj heading foe European it would be impossible at this 
state of play on Wetland this consortium; and Sir John stage to secure agreement in 
morning. It ‘ s ,, po ^^ le ’ n . ot Cuckney, Westland’s chief; favour of one option or the 
probable, that the Prune Minis- seeling clarification of a other. Mr Heseltine is by no 
ter will warn both Mr H csc ftmc number of points that are means alone in preferring the 
and Mr Leon Brittan, Secretary worrying Westland’s workforce. European alternative and I do 

By Peter Davenport and Nicholas Timmins 

Mrs Jacqueline Drake, if she case- brought by Mrs Drake such sums might better be 
was lucky, will have managed with the backing of the Child spent, for example a blindness 
four hours sleep last nkht Poverty Action Group. allowance, 

before rising at about to The refusal to pay married In addition the allowance 

of State for Trade and Industry, 


with administration controlled comrade has a duty to help him begin the daily task of caring women. It argues, breaches foe 
from “the centre”. The docu- carr y out his work”, foe for her severely disabled commission’s directive on equal 

from “the centre”. The docu- can 7 out his work”, foe for her severely disabled 
ments state: “The paper itself is documents state. mother, 

foe key to contact work and. Advice is given on how to Before she falls into bed 
therefore, foe building of the report matters for foe news- again around midnight she will 
organization. The comrades paper, with a strong concen- have catered for her every need, 
must take it extremely serious- tration on industrial affairs and “She is 69 years old with 
Jy.” the encouragement if possible, severe senile dementia, which 

A key passage states: “Every of workers to write articles, means it is like looking after a 
comrade should be given a few Involvement of students is also one-year-old child. I have to do 
addresses of people to be visited recommended. Their attitude to everything for Mum, wash her, 
on a regular weekly basis with the paper would be a test of dress her, dean her teeth, make 
the papers. The distribution of their seriousness about revol- her food and see to her each 
the paper is thus the key to utionary work, the document ^she rises during the 
systematic contact work. argue. night”, Mrs Drake said. 

spent, for example a blindness 

In addition the allowance 
was introduced in 1978 to try to 
take men and single women 

treatment, as men who give op 'caring for relatives off means- 

work to care for someone to 
qualify for the benefit. At 
present just over 10,000 do so 

“She is 69 years old with. *t * cost to the social security 
severe senile dementia, which system of £1 1 million. 

means it is like looking after a 
one-year-old child. I have to do 
everything for Mum, wash her. 

foe papers. The distribution of their seriousness about revol- 
ihc paper is thus the key to utionary work, the document 

systematic contact work. 

Struggle to 
find head 

By Lucy Hodges, By Michael Baily •: . / MeaiUl . ^ 

Education Correspondent Transport Editor ’*• 

A jump of 54 per cent in the Seafarers' unions reacted j s ent 
number of headteacher posts angrily yesterday to the disci os- All tin 

being readvertised is revealed in ure that BP had plans to dismiss change, 
a new survey, as the job of nearly 1,700 sea staff and put __ ' 

headteacher becomes increas- manyofits30tankers'underfoe T" e£s “'®j 
ingly less attractive to potential Bermuda flag.- ; ^ft 0 >P ort ed 

applicants. Once amon$ Britain’s leading - ■ ' 

There has also been a rise of shipowners, with around 70 big mva ™ ^ 
13 per cent in the number of tankers, BP Shipping has been 
posts advertised last year, when losing up to £20 million a year A 
there was almost continuous in depressed world markets, fil 

industrial action. The reasons despite drastic cost-cutting' , 
for the increases are thought to measures. It hopes to save £10 /. 

be a combination of foe current million to £1 2 million a year by 11 

pay dispute, foe status of heads, putting ship manning under RJ 

the increasing workload, the international agency control. » 

Seamen at 
BP to lose 
1,700 jobs 

night”, Mrs Drake said. an additions. j ^ ^ opted for foe Sikorsky, Fiat men me. European consortium So on the substance of foe 

sfs ^ “ - do ** 

1894 Mr, Dnkes DAp ritnipc STL^tJlg 

S&Sffts c V\ el aemes cn-tfe-sSE 

™ther when a chffd^ that ft opposed theextenslonof father had died from aheart 64 * lfl i^ldllTl ^SMUgmng. 

jst - hTBSSft — lin oasnmg ciaim 

SrvSSiS rjsmsi's; By ^ 

» directive, and because it would her mother. Her husband earns Sir Raymond Lygo, chief getting into trenches.” SUretolidere andno minister 

thaf-iheisdoinga valuable job resent a “substantial add- £460 a month and they have a executive of British Aerospace, Sir Raymond added: “1 n -as to try to influence them in 

”ln ^*5232?^ itional cost”. £10,000 mortgage on -their who is leading foe European would have hoped that the J” diSetion or the ofoer. 

di^I‘ b J ^ about to Ministers such as Mr An- home. consortium bidding for Wes- board would look more ration- Merely toSention that now is 

• tony Newton, Minister for Since Mrs Drake won foe tland. aid yesterday it was an ally at the European proposals, enoueh to raise a wry smile. 

The European dCmnmnsion has -'Sorial Securite- have argued , .first stage of her case last year extraordinary assumption that . He announced new orders _ , . . . 

supported the right of Jiuuried tfmt if an extra £85 Willlon somel 8,000 married women die helicopter manufacturer worth more than £200 million _ The most open and obvious 

wdraep to,, the ;i235wdt ; were arailahle there are other _ bave Wged claims for invalid would become “tin bashers” and discussed plans for future *?!* come from Mr 

invalid dur« allowance, in a test- ''competing priorities on vriifcfe . - cateallowaiice. an ^ n ? longer assemble com- BAC involvement in the next 1 have noticed over 

plete aircraft generation of Airbus airliners, the past few days that many of 

Tl/I l • At his second press confer- **We are a success story. It can’t those who *g«e with him on 

IVlaCnine-Plin :encc in succcssive c* 11 ® 1 * be bad to be touched by British substance, including a 

iTAUvuuiv 6” 11 ostensibly to announce new Aerospace” ' number of his ministerial 

min «J civil aircraft orders; Sir Ray- However, there was no colleagues, believe that he is 

guard lur «nond again cnticized foe intention “at foe time” for BAe overplaying his hand. 

SL M , Westland board and said it was t o make a bid for Westland. It They are not suggesting that 

H PSlfhrnW completely untrue to suggest was also “a fillse assumption” he is bidding for foeleadership. 
riCallU UVr that shar^oiders would not that, if the Sikorsky bid was Such a dim* challenge to foe 


-Sffja'JSi.’te -^ertlind ^areho.dc «* 

chine guns and wearing body beginning to realize.foat there is lha ? thecompany shouldhave “ P “ “ Conserrati e 

armour will take up guard more at stake here than might ^ved bv government , 

duties at Hrathrow Airport have been apparent, and there is interventionbeforeanycommer- ***, ‘J? 1 

from dawn today to protect an increasing awareness that cial rescue bid was necessary. throughout this dispute Mr 

passengers from the threat of there should be more time to -p m not ^ interventionist. Heseltine has been acting as an 

terrorist attack. consider foe alternative sensibly yh e more market forces can “P7 “a® r afo® r fo*n ** a 

It will I* the fi«t time and soberly", he said. de.e^jM the cour^Tco™ persomdly csdcolatms man. Bat 

pobeement ra mamtend Bntaui Ie hsd btUaved every- pany takes, the belter, though <£*? a n, “S? Couserva- 

h.v e open ly urnd meb gm fting ttat sikoraky/Bat said Sne must recognize that thS ores may not like that either. 

V™ °r ^ and nothing from foe European are exceptions." Westland There have been three 
said that fresh suppliers of the conjortimn. The Westland should have been one such distinct phases in the political 

'v™ . hoard was unable to change its exception, he said. “It is a reactions to his campaign. First 

adapted to tire angle rounds m i n d_ -The feet that a much company of strategic import- there was a sense of astonish- 

xS y ' better offer has come along is ance. It has got some unique meut, mingled with awe, at foe 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home very difficult for them, and expertise that ought to be risk he was running. Then 

JdrGiwrf&ey McLean, assist- ^riki^ ^tudet zud preserved SST^d 

giagrffitoyjgsi Decision next Qvil Servant 

week on chess denies sex 
contest venue threat to typist -Tl. k . 

withdrawn W0UW “ By Our Foreign Staff A government official denied widespread feeling that he has 

_ . . V, . . . ,, at foe Central Cnminal Court been throwing more punches 

When detoflsofthe plan were A decimon on whether yesterday that he threatened to than have been necessary for 
first disclosed earlier this week London or Leningrad should be geta urJ st dismissed unless she his cause, 
it ™ uuderetood the vreapon the venue for the contrevereizl & ^ ... ... 

If Mrs Drake wins the final 
stage of her case at the 
European Court of Justice in 
Luxembourg on January 22, up 
to 76,000 married women may 
qualify for foe allowance, with 
an additional 20,000 possibly 
getting some extra help at a 
cost to the DHSS of over £85 
million a year. The result of foe 
bearing is not expected until 
later this year. 

The DHSS said yesterday 
that it opposed the extension of 
foe allowance to married 
women in part because it 
believes the benefit is not 
covered by foe equal treatment 
directive, and because it would 
represent a “substantial add- 

~ ~~ uv w Ministers such as Mr An- 

• tony Newton, Minister for 

The European Commission has .Sorial Security/ -have' argued 

tested allowances such as 
supplementary benefit, and 
married women living with 
their husbands would not have 
been entitled to supplementary 

' Mrs Drake lives with her 
husband, CUve, an industrial 
surveyor, in a bungalow in 
Shawbrook Avenue, Worsley, 
Manchester. Of their three 
children, only the two youngest 
Gemma, aged seven, and 
Mikala, aged three, are stiO at 

In May 1894 Mrs Drakes 
parents moved to live with 
them. Within a month her 
father had died from a heart 
complaint and Mrs Drake was 
forced to give up . her two jobs 
as a school crossing patrol and 
a cleaner, to care fuD-time for 
her mother. Her fans band, earns 
£460 a month and they have a 
£10,000 mortgage on -their 

Since Mrs Drake won foe 

to keep out 'of foe struggle for general secretary, said he had 
shareholders support asked Sir Raymond to send foe 

Meanwhile, the European ^on copies Of foe European 
lobbying continued .apace with consortium’s proposals as foe 
Signor Raffedo Ten, foe chair- 2.000 TGWU members in 
man of Augusta, foe Italian Westland’s 7,000-strong work- 
partner in foe Anglo-European f oree had not seen them, 
consortium, «ymg that Wes- M>Todd. also said in foe 
«duded_from leWer to Slr Raymond: “Our 
the NH90 hdicopler project ff steW ards at Westland are 
the Sikorsky-Fiat bid were extremely concerned that if foe 


board of directors does not 

The Dutch deputy defence receive the 75 per cent support 
minister, Herr Jan van Houwe- required by foe shareholders by 
iingen. said in a statement January 14, the company would 
yesterday that his government be left to go into liquidation, 
would also drop possible plans “it would seem that if the 
to buy foe Westland Lynx 3 if Sikorsky arrangements did not 
the company's shareholders get the 75 per cent needed, 
opted for foe Sikorsky, Fiat then the. European consortium 

It would be impossible at this 
stage to secure agreement in 
favour of one option or tnc 
other. Mr Hesel tine is. by no 
means alone in preferring foe 
European alternative and 1. do 
not believe it would be practical 
politics to get the Cabinet as a 
whole to reject it when foe 
derision does not rest with foe 
Government anyway. 

But neither would he stand 
foe slightest chance of persuad- 
ing foe Cabinet collectively to 
back his preference against the 
resistance not only of Mr 
Brittan but also of foe Prime- 
Minister and the Treasury 

Stand-off over 
dispute’s cause 

could also fail to do this 

Animal rights group Machine-gun 
‘bombs’ scientists suard for 

>’■ *. By Stewart Tendier, Crime Reporter i~lG2lt ill* O W 

and no longer assemble -com- 
plete aircraft 

At his second press confer- 

BAe" involvement in foe next 
generation of Airbus airliners. 
“We are a success story. It can’t 

The research, conducted by I redundancy and earty retire- 

foe result of monitoring all strong headquarters staff will be 
'advertisements last year for cut by a quarter. 

By Our Crime Reporter 

Scotland Yard’s D1 1 firearm 

me increasing workload, the international agency control. ; * By Stewart Tendier, Crime Reporter JLXCillliril W 

The research, ^conducted by red^n^^Md^ra^^retir^ ; Scientific researchers were Sussex Police said that foe By Our Crime Reporter 

Education Data Surveys, an ment for 1,690 sea Lff and. ™ *JE5S - TL of Scotland Yard’s Dll firearm 

independent outfit run by Mr write- down the value of foe fSjSnniSin 2SiSi« SSE specialist armed with sub-ma- 

John Howson in Oxford, was fleet by £80 million. A 265- r .^^t r ,inutar chine guns and wearing bodv 

the result of monitoring all strong headquarters staff will be found and found in London^ f , armour will take up guard 

advertisements last year for cutb^aqmJter. £™S .? t ?* Hrt hom c cs of duties al HaSraa A&port 

cpranriarv «rhnni hwHchin. . . . _ , scientists in London, Sussex, in the garden oi the home ot . 

5S2SSEJ? .^P 5 m Bermuda North Yorkshire and Stafford- Dr Alan Armitage, scientific **"“*?*£ 

secondary school headships in 
state schools. It found that: 

Ships registered in Bermuda 
will remain under the British 

• Most readvertised oosis are « re ? al, ! ,V naer “ e shire. No one was injured. A directors 

in Lrmdo^r fo?SuthSS- 55 2 ag , ^ J™ «n>u p calling itself foe Animal Hazleton 

£r c£u of vacSriS^n the Srsl jobs under the Rights Mllilia ^ it ^ Harrogate, 

per vein oi vacancies in me new arraneem.en.ts. BP said_ c .i tu. r- 


Inner London Education Auth- 
ority had to be readvertised . 

• There is a “possibly alarm- 

new arrangements, BP said. responsible for the devices The fourth was found at the poUceraent in mainland. Britain 

The move was described when it telephoned a national home of Professor Ted Evans, ** ave openly used such guns. 

yesterday as “a bombshell” by newspaper. Scotland Yard said Professor orAudiiory Physiology x °5 1 !r r and nothing from the European are exceptions. 

Mr Eric Nevin, general see- that the bomb uncovered in at Keele University, Newcastle- thawresh suppliers ot the consortium. The Westiand should have bo 

l^ndSTwhcre^^rem^ ^ of the officers’ union. London v^s tot under-Lyme. Staffordshire West German-made guns, 

NumasL The union was limited in effect Police said that it was con- adfpwi to fire single rounds 

schools had a new head last 

’shocked” at the further loss of It was under a car at the sidered to be an effective bomb. 
no«t« h»A m k* ships from the UK fleet and was home of Dr Brian Mildrun, in . Details have been passed to Mr tiougias nura, nome 
n__ “ surprised BP had moved with- Dulwich, south London. Last Special Branch and officers at Secretary- 

JEtS sE Moists 

Mke&tr sesafgiMss 

E lllt SvsSa®? ^ u,. ^ ukc. 

• Nearly ^0 Manchester „ , ■ the home of Mr Peter Savage, ation Front admitted responsi- ^ “* ^ 

children had foeirfiratlKSons Mr Ian Hgtin jOttipni director of Shamrock Farms bility for an incendiaiy device “d would then be 

for 15 weeks when classes began director of BP Shipping, said BKtaini. at in a denan m( .nt in withdrawn. 

again yesterday, although a that the : alternatives were either West Sussex. His comrany Sheffield. to that it was When details of the plan were A decision on whether 

techers’ dispute is not settled. disposal or wholesale lay-up of i m pons and breeds monkeys for thought explosives had been first disclosed earlier this week London or Leningrad should be 

Poundswick High School, m the fleet. The company s North rcscarcl ^ and has been attacked used only by the Animal Rights il was understood foe weapon the venue for foe controversial 

Wyfoenshawe, has been at a Sea oil support ships would be v^r nn . Militia ^ would be a miniature Heckler world title chess rematch 

Wythenshawe. has been at a Sea oil sup 
standstill since September after unaffected, 
five boys were suspended for 9 The nui 
covering the school's walls with two iobs u. 
obscene graffiti involving teach- 
ers’ names. mnrp t 1 

:ence in successive days, called be bad to be touched by British 
ostensibly to announce new Aerospace.” ' 
civil aircraft orders; Sir Ray- However, there was no 
mood again cnticiz«i foe intention “at foe time” for BAe 
Westland board and said it was t o make a bid 'for Westland. It 
“completely untrue to suggest was also “a false assumption” 
that shareholders would not lha t, if the Sikorsky bid was 
have an offer in front of them rejected, Westland would be 
apart from that . of Sikorsky/ liquidated. Sir Raymond said. 

Sir John Cuckney, the West- 
Westland shareholders are land chairman, said yesterday 
beginning to realize. that there is lhat ^ company should have 
more at stake here fovi might been saved by government 

in foe garden of the home of duties at Heathrow Airport have been apparent, and there is intervention before any com mer- 
Dr Alan Armitage, scientific trom dawn today to protect an increasing awareness that dal rescue bid was necessary, 
dircctorand chief toxicologist at passenger from foe threat of there should be more time to » rm not ^ interventionist. 

terrorist attack. 

It will be the first time 

mere snoiua iw more umc lu - rm not ^ interventionisL 
consider foe alternative sensibly The more market forces can 
and soberly , he said. determine the course a com- 

People had believed every- pany takes, foe better, though 
thing that Sikorsky/Rat said one must recognize that there 

r/ttch ciLiim Brfh* and nothing from foe European are exceptions." Westland 
that fresh suppliers of the consortium. The Westland should have been one such 

, . board *** Unabie 10 cban 8 e its exception, he said. “It is a 

i k 10 u - r0l f / s mind. “The feet that a much company of strategic import- 

Jjjy* better offer has come along is ance. It has got some unique 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home very difficult for them, and expertise that ought to be 
mm *«««+ people are striking attitudes and preserved.” 

and would 

Decision next 
week on chess 
contest venue 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Civil Servant 
denies sex 
threat to typist 

• The number of people doing 
two jobs has doubled in the past 
eight years to almost 700,000 
and more than four million new 

The bo« were expelled but ^ would il 

t he e ducation committee or- achieve full employment. TUC 
dcred their ■ ransiatemeuc after leaders ^ told yesteitiay 
which most of foe staff went on (David FeIton J 

Honours omission a 
blunder, Geldof says 

would be a miniature Heckler world title chess rematch 
and Koch sub-machine gun, between Gary Kasparov and 
first bought for foe world Anatoly Karpov is likely to be 
economic summit held in announced next Wednesday or 

London in 1984. 

Yesterday Yard sources said 


More than half the school’s 

The analysis, by Congress 

Bob GeldoC, the Band Aid 
organizer, said yesterday that 
foe Government made a serious 
blunder in not including him in 
the New Year Honours list 
Speaking publicly on the 
matter for foe first time, Mr 

| .dob pupils were unable to House staff, of official employ- the New Year Honours list, 
attend because 20 teachers had rnc H. t statistics.^ has been _ drawn Speaking publicly on the 

not returned after an interim U P *® r cmculauon to unions in matter for foe first time, Mr 
deal designed to get foe school a Mempi, to refute the Geldof said: “It b not some- 
back in action. Government s assertions of a thing which bothers me person- 

rev co very in employment. ally but I *6 fair that it was a 

The Times oversea* idling prices The paper, placed before the serious cock-up by foe Govern- 

ment talks a lot about moral 
regeneration yet, wheu it is 
actually faced with an ex- 
plosion of it, it does not know 
how to respond. live Aid made 

that these ■ were 'condidered president of foe Inter- 
among other but foe chosen national Chess Federation 
weapon was foe firm’s sub- (FIDE), said in Moscow that he 

wnuuovGraiai had sexual intercourse with 
him. But he later went to her 

v btiJteW ,«*£ £om e after ^ met at an office 
t Wednesday ^ Christmas i party where they had 
i Wednesday or a kiss and cuddle”. 

. — The Civil Servant , aged 32, 

- “r F»<?«noo Campomanes, ^ ^ he naked m h£ 

ot me inter- bed two men rushed in. They 
toofc photographs and then 
Motcow that he attacked ^ tenured him. He , 

Bat It is not only Mr 
HeseJtine who has ignored the 
Cabinet’s ruling on restraint. 
Mr Brittan has also been 
battling away with much 
vigour, even if his tactics have 
less of foe flavour of a cavalry 

S ch ¥he Taid 11 ^ vcnuc * — 3" - pun ? ed > - I Thatcher failed 

impubUrized stock of thrac I w J? t !^ u3d happon if I “Si a'hgm^cigarette^b^thc I tO StOp brawling 

how to r^poirf.IiveAid»nade ^-f974 for antiWri«use Kasparov cirried out his ro- SJ' 

SS" h «- t when authorized ifSSSIS. Ported threat not to play.thcK 

export last year. * miss oner of the Metropolitan rematch so soon after the initial ■ »**— »»- -*■ 

Government’s assertions of a 
revcovcry in employment. 

The paper, placed before foe 
TUC economic committee 
yesterday, concluded that foe 
recovery in employment since 
1983 had largely been among 
pan-lime female workers in foe 

thing which bothers me person- 
ally but I think that it was a 
serious cock-up by foe Govern- 

He said he had not com- 
mented earlier because he did 
not want to make an issue of it. 
Bnt pressed to speak out at a 

£J??oc? 5S aS& Tpnwm I service sector at foe expence of | book launch, he said: “It is 

gn USA »i3E vugauwia DtriTBo | full-time jobs. I terriblv ironic that this Govern- 

terribly ironic that this Govem- 

export last year.” 

Mr Geldof, who had pre- 
viously indicated that he 
wanted to end full-time aid 
work to return to the music 
business, was speaking at the 
launch of With Geldof IM Africa 
by David Biundj and Paul 

With . Geldof in Africa: by. David 
Bluntly and Paul Vilkhr (Times 
Books £5-95). 

championship victory 

The police chose foe MP5A2 November, Mr Campomanes 
because it is designed for overt regulations are clear, 

use. The police want potential The* have been clear for the 

terrorists to see what they face ,a ^VV ' - clo “^ 10 f 3 t 

_ ... .. . • He would not elaborate, bnt 

Police believe foe chosen gun Mr ^ ^ 

»ves police nuards a weapon 

rmsaoner of foe Metropolitan so soon ancr me initial The girL Miss Mary Harvey 

P0li0e - • v m aged 3^rat sobbingbn a so% 

The police chose foe MP5A2 JJove^er, Mr Campomanes be said, 
because it is designed for overt H*®- ! ^ clear. Miss Harvey, of Balgowan 

use. The police want pbtential 7“. cy “JJ* 1 ,{ or the Road, Beckenham, Kent, and 
terrorists to see what they face ‘ to 40 years. Mr Denham, of Balham Road, 

Police believe foe chosen gun Mr* L^^Kok^Axm^SSktoS Ba,han1 ?, London, plead 
gives police guards a weapon ^ 10 mounding him 

which can be fired' from the g? wrid SS ^ ,n ^ cnt to grievous 

shoulder givmg more accuracy play nw J month as schShSeJ? b ° dily harm blackmaiI 
and Steadiness than a handgun. jj e wou jd forfeit his title. ^ The trial continues today. 

with intent to cause grievous 
bodily harm and blackmail 

The trial continues today. 


announces that on and after X * 

9th JANUARY, 1986 'V 

; the following annual rate will apply . ‘V 

. Basic Rate , . . 12Vi% cPrer»o«uyii^%) ^ 

■ The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporarion 
The British Bank of the Middle East 

v - HongkongBank limited 

y ‘Jobs for life’ claim may delay Post launch 

-C By Barrie Clement if* sclwclufed to appear on strike action in support of the leaders signed an exclusive deal 

Labour Reporter ‘ " March 17, foe company Md claim. for foe Fast. He forecast that foe 

•n,- i u _<■ vx r .■ every mtention of ' pressing 

The launch of News- Inter- ahead with publication, Mr 
national s London Post may be O’Neill said. ' 

delayed because of a “jobs for 

life” cl aim by production He _ accused foe National 

Mr O'Neill refused to be disruption would spread to i •.tH-i «« 
drawn on whether the company other titles as anger over such a 1 . 7 . per “ ea rai«- 

Mrs T hatch er is. therefore, 
exposed to a double criticism 
that she failed to provide 
sufficient opportunity for pri- 
vate argument earlier and has 
been unable to prevent the 
public brawling later. The two 
complaints are not unrelated. 

Mr Heseltine would have 
hml less sympathy among his 
colleagues from the moment the 
dispute became public if they 
all felt he had had a fitir chance 
to make his case. Some of them 
had a particular sense of fellow 
feeling for him because they, 
too, ha d pr eviously experienced 
the mortification of losing their 
c*®®* 'rithout what they re- 

would switch production to settlement erupted elsewhere. 
Wapping, where the Post is to But Mr Geraghty hoped to 

International, said foe unions’ tempting to create a dispute ai Mr Rupert Murdoch, c hairman cation and Plumbing Union, to 
demands, which ala* include a tbc present newspapers in order °f. News International, and change his strategy, 

clause calling for index-linked to protest against the legally- ot “" i? 1 ? executives at the • 29 members of Sogat at 

pay, might mean management binding no-strike deal sought by weekend in London to review Mirror Group Newspapers were 

would have to concentrate their foe-company at foe Past. If foe ““ situation, ana ptan their next, d e e me d to have dismissed 

attentions on The Timas,- “tiwns walked out over the new 
Sunday Times, Sun and News of newspaper it could be'constfued 
the World. as unlawful secondary action. 

Despite -the possible post- Both Sogat and foe NGA are 

Now it is in the self-interest 
of ministers on both sides to 
play it more quiet!;. Mr Brittan 
would be unlikely to inlln^ 
the shareholders by raising the 
political temperature still hig- 
her and Mr Heseltine has done 

HWSRhto focus their attention 
on the European option. 

L personally, believe «*a» It 

fe a »od thing flat he ^ done 

^ , . - foemselva yesterday after re- fc a good thing that he has dnne 

to adopt a new working so. Otherwise the rase would 
foeReet Street electncaM, system. Copy takers and switch- probably have gone bTdJw? 
pteiday.gave warning that 411 board operators- have . been but it is now up to th/ri^i 
four newspapers "would be asked to adopt, rotas which «•«»*•»■**• . n ™ 1 

/ 1 1 

P ° n ^ e | 1 . 1 . Qf , ^ U “ 0n s involve no overtime payments. I before foe SiSfote 

but it is now np to foe rival 




Doctors criticized for 
sending too many 
patients to hospitals 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Some family doctors send too 
many patients to hospital, and 
seem unaware of the economic 
costs of their decisions. Dr 
Donald Acfaeson, the Depart- 
ment of Health’s chief medical 
officer, says in a report today. 

Some general practitioners 
refer 25 times as many patients 
to hospital as others, and such 
variations have . “enormous 
implications for hospitals and 
for the cost of their services’* he 

"pne must ask whether some 
patients are receiving too much 
care - any form of medical 
procedure carries a risk: On the 
other hand, are patients who 
need specialist services being 
denied access because the 
doctors fail to respond to their 
needs?” Dr Acfaeson asks. 

“If we are to obtain the best 
from our health service, we 
cannot permit management by 
’gut feeling'. We should be 
making doctors more aware of 
what they are doing, the costs of 
doing it, and challenging them 

when the variation in practice 
seems exceptional.” 

Dr Acheson’s criticisms are 
contained in a report Health, 
Education and General Practice. 
published today by the Office of 
Health Economics. The report 
is the outcome of a meeting of 
experts discussing future devel- 
opments in general practice. 

Research has shown that the 
nearer patients live to a 
hospital, the more likely they 
are to become an in-patient 

A Scottish study showed that 
patients living within three 
miles of a hospital were twice as 
likely to be referred to it as 
outpatients as those who lived 
at a greater distance. 

W* number of new referrals 
has etsen only slightly over the 
past two decades, from 160 per 
thousand in 1964 to 180 per 
thousand in 1984. But the 
number of doctors has also 
increased and, in feet, 
family doctor is on average 
referring fewer cases than 20 
years ago. Dr Acfaeson says. 

US firm in private health drive 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 

Mutual of Omaha, one of the 
world's biggest health insurance 
companies yesterday launched 
an assault on the British market 
with the aim of covering at least 
a million people wi thin five 

The United States-based 
company, which made heavy 
losses ancr an earlier attempt to 
break into the British market, is 
understood to be willing to 
invest about £80 million over 
five years. If successful it wifi 
become the second leader in the 
health insurance market, which 

is headed by the British United 
Provident Association. - 

Mutual, which has renamed 
itself Health First for its 
relaunch, covers only about 
50,000 of the 5 million people 
on health insurance schemes in 

But it is planning a huge 
advertising campaign with a 
budget believed to be about £7 
to £8 million in the first year, 
more than double the amount 
spent annually by Bupa. 

Yesterday Mutual unveiled a 
range of different insurance 
schemes, including some with 

Ford invests 
£400m in 
new Transit 

By Clifford Webb 

Motoring Correspondent 

Ford has invested £400 
million to produce a stream- 
lined replacement for the 
Transit van which has domi- 
nated the light commercial 
vehicle market in Britain for 20 

More than £100 million of 
this has been spent on moder- 
nizing their Southampton fac- 
tory. said to be the most 
advanced truck plant in the 

The motor industry’s first 
“seeing” computer uses tele- 
vision cameras to monitor body 
shells to ensure that compo- 
nents arriving automatically at 
the assembly track match 37 
versions of the new Transit. 

There is a choice of 1.6. 2 and 
3-litre petrol engines as well as 
the 2.5 litre diesel introduced 1 8 
months ago. 

A five-speed gearbox . is 
offered for the first time, 
together with a new type of 
suspension which Fond say 
“provides levels of ride hand- 
ling and comfort comparable 
with most passenger cars”. 

The new body gives up to 13 
per cent more lead space and 
the Transit is said to be cheaper 
to sen-ice. 

Last year the Transit 
accounted for nearly one in 
three of the record 138,000 
light/medium commercial ve- 
hicles sold in Britain. 

Severn Bridge 
tolls may rise 

Tolls on the Severn Bridge 
may rise again this year after a 
Government decision to appeal 
against a High Court ruling that 
last year’s rise, from 2 Op to 50p, 
was illegal. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, is 
expected to refer to prospective 
costs of up to £40 million to 
strengthen the bridge after 
doubts arising from highcr- 
iban-predicted traffic and the 
effect of high winds. 

Job claim lost 

Mr David 1 Geen. aged 42, of 
Oldham, Lancashire, a former 
BBC producer yesterday lost his 
claim for unfair dismissal after 
a Manchester industrial tribunal 
was told that he hadswpm at his 
cameraman, used abusive lan- 
guage to a female reporter and 
then abandoned his crew during 
a film project in Spain. 

Hero passes test 

Sim ora Weston, aged 24, 
named recently as Man of the 
Year, who was badly injured 
with the Welsh Guards at Bluff 
Cove in the Falklands, has 
! passed his driving test at the 
1 first attempt. 

Phonebox change 

A revolution that will in the 
next 10 years replace red 
telephone boxes with more 
damage-prooC economical and 
roomier coffee-coloured kiosks, 
was launched by British Tele- 
com yesterday with the removal 
of a red box in Gates head . 

Captain fined 

The master of the QE2, 
Captain Lawrence Poriet,. was 
fined £200 by Southampton 
magistrates for failing to report 
a case of meningitis aboard (he 
liner last May. 

Experts help 
to pick BA 
‘worst’ wine 

By Robin Young 

Two wines served by British 
Airways which were judged the 
worst offered to business class 
passengers by any of 20 
international airlines in a blind 
tasting were supplied to Che 
airline by companies with 
representatives on its own wine 
selection committee. 

The offending British Air- 
ways’ wines, which came 
bottom in a tasting organized 
by Business Traveller magazine, 
were Criersoa-BInementhal 
Cotes-dn Rhone red and a 
white Entre-deux-Mers sop- 
plied by Cordier (UK). 

Mr Tony Blnmenthal, presi- 
dent of Grierson-BhnnentliaL 
and Mr Colin Qinton, the 
managing* director of Cordier 
(UK), last night blamed poor 
stock rotation and BA’s insist- 
ence that wines be served in 
quarter bottles for then- failure. 

A panel of six experts tasted 
wines served in business class 
by 20 international airlines, 
without knowing from which 
airline they had come, and 
agreed that British Airways 
served the worst red and the 
worst white. 

The chairman of the judges, 
Mr Oz Clarke, editor of 
Webster's Wine Price Guide, 
said: “The wines served by the 
world's favourite airline would 
curry favour with nobody. They 
are simply atrocious, and a 
national disgrace. 

For the second successive 
year Air New Zealand was 
judged to serve the best wines 
overall. Its red Montana 
Cabernet Sanvignon 1981 was 
highly placed also. 

wiped out 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Drivers appearing before the 
courts for traffic -offences may 
be getting off lightly because of 
the practice at Swansea's Driver 
and Vehicle Licensing Centre of 
expunging previous convictions 
from the computer after dis- 

The practice, which has come 
to the attention of the Magis- 
trates' Association, means that 
no records are being kept of 
many traffic offences once 
drivers lose their licences, other 
than the fact of disqualification 

Mr Geoffrey Norman, the 
association secretary, said yes- 
terday: “This is a totally 
unsatisfactory state of affairs 
and we are anxious to alert 
ministers to it”. 

Under the penalty points 
system, drivers can accumulate 
points before losing their 
licence. “At that point the idea 
is that the slate is wiped clean, 
and a driver starts all over 
again, accruing points if there is 
a fresh offence. But no one 
expected that ‘wiping the slate 
dean* would be taken literally”, 
Mr Norman said. 

The problem seemed to have 
arisen because the police no 
longer kept -records of minor 
motoring convictions, in the 
belief that the information was 
available on the Swansea 
computer. “That assumption 
was clearly unfounded", he 

Previous convictions would 
come to light only if other 
criminal offences, which are 
recorded, were involved. 

10% increase in house 
prices forecast 

By Christopher Waraum, Property Correspondent 

House prices are likely to 
increase by more than 10 per 
cent in 1986. according to the 
Incorporated Society of Valuers 
and Auctioneers, whose latest 
\SV A/ Financial Weekly survey, 
is published today. 

Reporting a rise in the 
average price of houses and fiats 
in England and Wales during 

1985 of 9.9 per cent, the survey 
shows an increase of 2.1 per 
cent in the final quarter of the 

Mr Vincent Kenneally, ISVA 
president, said that while there 
were the usual regional vari- 
ations, society me m be r s had 
seen marked improvement in 
the market compared with a 
year ago. _ Although mortgage 
rates remained hi g h , preventing 
a bouse price explosion, many 
reported a high volume of 
transactions for this time of 

“Unless there is a major 
change in economic fortunes, 
with real eamings continuing to 
move well ahead of inflation, 
we can see house price rises in 

1986 exceeding 10 per cent 
overall”, he said. 

Prices in the South-east 
showed an increase of 11.5 per 
cent, followed by 9.9 per cent in 
the South-west, 9.5 per cent in 
the Midlands, 7.9 per cent in 
the North-east and 6.9 per cent 
in the North-west 

In its general assessment the 
survey is closely in accord with 
the_ Halifax Building Society, 
which announced yearly in- 
crease of 9.7 per cent The 
Halifax said that this was a 
larger increase than predicted, 
largely because of buoyant 
market in December. “Prices 
have moved ahead fairly 
strongly since the September 
reduction in mortgage rales 
began to affect purchasers' 
decisions”, it said. 

The Halifax, has found 
greater regional variations from 
its analysis of 203,000 trass-: 
actions during the year. 

It gives an annual increase in 
the North of only 1.1 per cent, 
compared with 5.4 per cent in 
the West Midlands, 10.4 per 
cent in East Anglia, 13.1 per 
cent in tin: South-east and 18.3 
per cent in Greater London. 






North east 

April 1978 





Dec 1983 





Dec 1984 





Mar 1965 




■ 30274 

June 1985 






Oct 1985 






Dec 1885 





Balloon used to save heart-defect baby 

The report contains criti- 
cisms from, other contributors 
that access to GPs can be 
“awful” in some cases. But it 
also expresses optimism for the 
future of general practice. 

Professor George Teeling 
Smith, director of the Office of I 
Health Economics, says: “There 
are still isolated pockets of poor 
practice, but they must not be 
allowed to detract from the 
overall positive and optimistic 
picture which emerges for the 
development of general practice 
in Britain in the 1980s and 

Professor Sir John Butter- 
field, Regius - Professor of i 
Medicine at Cambridge Univer- 
sity, says in a foreword to the 
report: “The great majority of | 
general practitioners have 
shown themselves to be well- 
intentioned people, determined 
to do a good job for all their 

Health, Ed uc at io n and General 
Practice (Office of Health Econ- 
omics, 12 Whitehall, London SW1A 
2 DY, £1.50). 

restricted cover for lower 
premiums, in an attempt to 
attract more individual sub- 
scribers and small companies. 

One scheme includes the first 
part-insurance offer, with a 
benefit of £150 a day which 
would cover treatment in some 
provincial private hospitals and 
pay beds but which the insured 
could top up for more expens- 
ive treatment 

Psychiatric care, treatment of | 
drug and alcohol abuse and 
long-term kidney dialysis arc 
excluded m some policies. 

Sorae SVA/ftanctef Wpgtfr surrey 


By Peter Davenport 
Surgeons who carried out 
pioneering open-heart surgery 
on a baby aged two days were 
optimistic last night that it 
wo aid save her life. 

KIrsty MacDonald, born 
with a series «if defects not 
known to have occurred 
•together before, is the youngest 
patient to have undergone the 
operation, which involves in- 
flating a tiny balloon inside the 

The two-hour operation was 
carried out at the Kffiingbeck 
Hospital, Leeds, by a team of 
10 led by Mr Duncan Walker, 
a paedatric cardiac surgeon. A 
second operation was carried 
out 12 hoars later to correct 
other faults in the baby’s heart 
Last night she was in the 
hospital's intensive care unit 
Officials said that if she 
survived for the next week her 
chances of making a full 
recovery were good. Without 
the operation she would almost 
certainly have died. 

Kirsty was bom qd New 
Year's Eve in a hospital in 
Sheffield but rapidly developed 

severe problems. She was 
transferred to Kfllingbeck os 
January 2 when the operation, 
disclosed only yesterday, took 

Mr Walker said yesterday 
that the most severe problem 
was the complete blockage of a 
valve in the pulmonary artery 
carrying blood from the heart 
to the lungs. It was complicated 
. by partial blocki ng of the aorta, 
the main artery of the heart. * 

A tiny balloon was forced 
into the blocked valve between 
the heart and longs and 

repeatedly inflated with a 
syringe to widen the gap. “In 
thia way we made a way 
through from the heart to the 
lungs without baring to put her 
on a heart-long machine. It is 
the first time that tins pro- 
cedure has been attempted on a 
child so young”. Mr talker 

The second operation in- 
volved transplanting a section 
oCartery from one of E3rsty?s 
arms to replace the defective 
area of the aorta. 

Kirsty's parents, Mr Nell 
MacDonald, an accountant, 
and his wife Julie, who also 
have a son aged three are 
slaying at the hospital to be 
close to their daughter. 

Mir David Fox, the deputy 
hospital administrator, . said 
yesterday that Kirsty’s con- 
dition was very poorly but 
stable. “She has been given a 
50-50 chance of surviving and if 
the operation is a success she 
should not need further sur- 
gery”, he said. 

Picture: Yorkshire Post 

Tottenham riot 
man denies 
jewellery raid 

Patrick Jarrett, whose 
mother’s death sparked off the 
Tottenham riot, took part in a 
raid on a jeweller's shop, it was 
alleged at Wood Green Crown 
Court yesterday. 

Miss Joanna Komer, for the 
prosecution, said that Mr 
Jarrett, aged 26, was one of four 
men who smashed the front 
window of Regent jeweller’s in 
High Road, Wood Green on 
Mav 2, 1984 and stole items 
worth £12,500. 

Mr Jarrett, who is unem- 
ployed, of Thorpe Road, South 
Tottenham, denied taking part 
in the burglary. He has also 
pleaded not guilty to an 
alternative charge of h a ndli n g a 
gold bracelet 

Miss Komer alleged that Mr 
Jarrett later admitted to the 
police that he pawned a £325 
gold- bracelet. 

The trial continues today. 

Three die 
as blizzards 

road chaos 

Blizzaitis that swept mu«* of 

northern and central England, 
Mid-Wales and Scotland yester- 
day left a trail of accidents and 
deaths in the worst weather or 
the winter so far. v 

The snow blocked many 
roads and made many others 
dangerous for motorists. 

On Merseyside, a man 

67 died after his car skidded on 
the snow and slid into ratlings 
at the Walton Hospital. Uver- 

P °riro other elderly people died 
in road accidents amid blizzards 
in the city: a woman aged /- 
was hit by a car and a man aged 

68 collapsed at the wheel of his 
vehicle, which ran into a wall- 

! The London Weather Centre 
said yesterday that most of tnc 
snow would disappear by 
tomorrow. However, many 
| roads remained blocked, speed 
limits as low as 20 mph were 
enforced on some motorways 
land the Automobile Associ- 
ation warned against “irrespon- 
sible” fast driving and un- 
necessary journeys. 

The worst-affected areas 
[stretched from 
across the Midlands into Lin- 
colnshire, which, like many 
areas, received up to six inches 
of snow. The SV 2 inches which 
fell in the Derby area was the 
worst in a 12-hour period for i o 

The AA described conditions 
in Birmingham as “akin to the 
Arctic” as snow fell continu- 
ously for IS hours. Thousands 
of cars were abandoned in the 

A string of accidents were 
reported in Staffordshire, where 
motorists were advised not to 
venture out unless absolutely 
necessary. At one time. 70 per 
cent of roads in the north of the 
county were blocked. 

Schools were closed in parts 
of Powys, in mid-Wales, and 

The London Weather Centre 
said last night that Scotland and 
Northern Ireland would have 
rain today with mist, fog and ice 
in many areas of England and 
Wales. Forecast, back page 



Are you busy building up a 
business . . . or working in a job 
with no company.pension? 

H so, you'll know its tough 
finding time for other long term 
plans— let alone thinking about 
a pension. 

But just a few seconds of your 
time now could make all the 
difference when you retire. As a 
business person you'll know that 
time costs money —but have you 
ever thought just how much? 

The Illustrations show why it 
makes good sense to plan your 
pension NOW At 36 years old, 

Mr S. could start to build up ahefty 
pensbnfund for his retirement but 
it could still be £60,824 less than 
if he'd started at 34 — an astonish- 
ing difference! As you can see, 
the longer you delay, the smaller 
your rewards at retirement. 


Personal Pensions are outstanding 
investments because of the considerable 
tax concessions you get. You receive 
maximum relief on your contributions— 
at the highest rate you pay on your 

In additionyour contributions go into 
a special Sun Alliance Fund which is free 
of most UK. taxes, which means your 
investment can grow much faster. 


Ms K. lUllS a aunrwwmfnl antirpip 
business. Aqad 30— wante to rete 
at 60. WIfl put aside £30 a man*. 
(Aetna] cost wfl only be £30 a month 
as she pays tax al me rate of 40%.}t 
FuD Pension: £30,358 ix*. 




Reduced Bmsion: 



contributions. This is possible, 
right up to the maximum 17!i% 
oryour eamings* 

If, however, there comes a 
time when money is tight, the 
Personal Pension Plan allows you 
to reduce your contributions— 
and, if things are critical, stop 
them altogether. Provided you 
start paying again within two 
years the fund will accept your 
contributions as before. 

The younger you start con- 
tributing, the greater the reward. 

Mr S. aged 34. Retiring 65. 

Pr m whi m £50 grass pa* month (calf £35 

Projected Penaon Fund 
To provide a FuS Pmdqa 
or bi m p S™ 
phis Reduced Pension: 

£45,158 pA 
£27,069 p*. 

Mr S aged 36. Retiring 65. 

Premium £50 gross par month tody £35 
after tax refiefal 30%). * 

Projected Fenston Fund £219,772 
.fe provide a Fiffl Benson: £35,366 p. a. 
arLumpSuzn " £71,547 . 

plus Reduced Pension: £21,200 jx&. 


£20.169 p*. 

Mr G. Bulkier aged 48. Wanting to 
retire al 66, he can afibrd to saw 
£ 193 gross a month, having paid off 
his mortgage. (After axre&l at 50% 
it cost only £73 per mcnlhjt 
Full Pension: £20,107 pJL 

Lump Sum 




£12,092 pa 

Naturally, your pension cheque is 
subject to income tax, but if you decide 
you want a lump sum on retirement it is 
paid entirely tax-free. (About one-third 
of your benefits can be taken in this way). 
Furthermore, should you die before 
retirement all your contributions would 
be refunded free of -income tax and 
capital gains tax. 

So you can see that if you do not 
have a pension its a sad wasteof a golden 
opportunity. With the Sim Alliance Personal 
Pension Plan you could be enjoying fee 
fnrils of your work long after it is over. 
Without your pension plan, the income 

tax you pay when you're working is lost 
and gone forever. 


fully it will keep ongesngup, and 
you will increase your, 

join the scheme. At the outset you 
. select a retirement age between 
GO and 70,but even that is flexible 
when you come to retire. 

For a Personal Illustration of 
the lump sum and pension that 
you can afford and which will suit 
your future needs, just complete 
and post the coupon. It won't 
even cost you a stamp. 

Application Form 



I ftii raEE, nfl- 


jit you would 
{like to see 
)a Personal 
I Illustration of 
■ the benefits 
{you could 
| receive if you 
honed the 
{Sun Alliance 
| Pension Plan, 

land post the' 
looupon (no 
I needed) to.— 



E there e anything further youvrtah to know about the 
plan oar fines ore open eadi weekday owning unfl 
8o<dcctExperiaaoed staff wfi be happy to hdpL 

Hctsham (0403) 59009 

*Ybur eansngs ore defined as grass reread income leas ostein deductions fiksfau&iess expenses md cepflai eBowances. You da 
not here to deduct any personal ellowBnce&(B you vrera bom before 1st January 1934 a higher fanfttfann 17>£% appies) 

tTito figures shown in toe above examples am protected benefits assuming, ainant bonus and annuity 1 rates continue. Future 
bonuwff depend oo prefits to bocemed cad so caxmotbe gaafanrsed. Annuity nates depend mainly cn interim rates pgcvafcg 
when fhe pension ta token 

■ ■ rfap—ninmi.-i.i Him ,trmiliw1n-imT*nT frt HulfcrlmniT ■imTimli iliT* Tl 'IT fhii ITmhmUDfllHH 


j LDMDa pfc, 

I Horsham, 

! West Sussex, 
(before offer 
| clouds. 

Yes please, 

I would like to see what 
pension benefits you can 
illustrate for me. 

1 understand that no obbyman dad no cost is 
torched m my request. 


forenames Da bB_ 

Ad dr ess, 

Date of Birth. 

/ H-* 11. - 



Nuns at Brakec/Agcnt Many). 

The m .. dump amount you voof breast m vqut 

pe cacn ea c h morthaElQ. The mannummveg. 
mod is 171^6 of your eenttnga.' 

2J plan So taws i 


fra. £ 30 , E 5 Q, C 7 Q, £100 

you wish to choose). 

or I plan to invest £_ 

each month. 

crony other amount 

can pat 

“ch War 

3J intend to retire at age. 








• 1 


*v ••?»* ~ ' ' K' ‘ -i • t-»- : 

•V I s ' 





j liPW& Wk ‘ 





Just look at the figures. They show that on a 2^ -year 
Endowment Policy, maturing 1986, Norwich Union pays 
out way above the average. Yet another Special Bonus 
boosts the Norwich Union figure to a massive £43, 594, an 
outstanding return on premiums of £30 per month. 

Norwich Union returns are consistently among the 
very top because of the skilful way we invest policy- 
holders’ money. Because we are a Mutual Society -all the 
profits belong to you, the policyholder. And because 
of the way we make your money grow - through bonuses 



Norwich Union are masters of investment, investing 
with flair and care in the most dynamic sectors of the 
economy: in property and orciinary shares, including oil. 
Our successful investment strategies not only enable us 

to declare excellent Annual Bonuses, but, oneemore,a 
Special Bonus as welL 


You should not choose a Life Insurance Cobap&ny 

iWM) nr wwnvgt/ra 


NorwichUnionbelieve that the best way to distribute 
profits is through bonuses that become a permanent 
addition to the value of your policy. We pay generous . 
Annual Bonuses, and because of our great financial 
strength, we are often able, like this year, to declare Special 
Bonuses as well. This sets us apart from many other 
companies who do not pay Special Bonuses. Remember, 
on a with-profits endowment policy, once Special and 
Annual bonuses are given they cannot be taken away. 

When your policy matures, Norwich Union also pay 
an Additional (some companies call it ‘Terminal') Bonus. 
Since this Bonus can vary, up or down, according to 
current investment conditions, Norwich Union place less 
emphasis on this than most other companies, preferring to 
give policyholders permanent guaranteed benefits 
rather than wait until the policy matures. Even if you have 
to cash in your policy in mid-term, this means you still 
enjoy a greater payout. 

* A Norwich Union Policy isn’t just superb value for means you benefit from real security, and peace 
of mind. 


Amounts refer to current 
payouts for'Norwlch 
Union, and U.K. Industry - 
fifllrres-pubfished In the 
latest Money Management 
Survey,- May 1985. All 
figures based on a 25 year 
with-profits endowment 
' policy for a man of 29 
paying £30 per month. 

The key to your decision is the track 
companies being considered. . • v\* V. 

% . 

V * .. V. 7 - •* 

-- . ^ 

■< . 

benefits they currently illustrate, despite 
and exceptionally high interest rates over 
fifteen years. - .. 

Only deal-with-a company which 
record of payouts: One like Norwich 

When you’ve found such a company look for . 
guarantees. They are not readily seen from ittusuatlbns, 
but remember, the smaller the proportion ofawfthrptofits 
policy that is allocated to additional bonuses r th^greater 
the guarantees. 

With Norwich Union you will have dig best-: L 
combination -top payouts and realistic 
Bonuses. . 

You get outstandi ng value for money— and, the 
of mind that a secure investment brines 

seek independent financial advice, front 

r- "--V< 

; Wre sure your broker wilT agree . 

objective standards, Norwich Union’s value 
for money is extremely hard to beat 


\bure better off 


— « If. -• -• 

TlfefM 1986 




..TbeDritish are more crimi- 
nal thanvras thought Nearly 

oat ra. e tery three joer bora in 
1953 had one or more convic- 
tions ’.for *the more serious 
offaices by the age of JZ8, 
according to government stat- 
istics ppbfisbed today in Social 

' A similar treAd Is becoming 
apparent amongmaies bon in 
1958 and 1963- . • . 

: “I do find it stoprismg’*, Mr . 
Deo . Ramprakash. Social 
fVsaafe; editor said. “But most 
bad only one ainvictioiL” 
Clotrncdiu rates Tor- females 
are towejr. Only 6 percent born 
in' 1953 bad -been stmilatiy 
convicted by tbeage bf2& 

The list of offences includes .. 
alT indictable crimes as well as 
some summary offences sueb as 
aggravated assault, assault on a 
constable and cruelty Co a child. - 
Bet most summary motoring 
offences and others' such as 
dnzskeoess and prostitution, - 
are excluded. 

: ... . : 

. . Th®. ccuninal vx 

• disclosed by the 
first ^comparatito resnlfs _from 

• Stupes of ffie-cnminalcareers 
“ ^of -■' fliose bo rg during four 
-selected weeks of 1953, 1958. 

amn9ft. ■'.•;■■■ . v: 

. The number of. offences 
denied op by the police Idt 
E ngland and Wales in 1984; at' 
12 million, was abort 1 per 
cent higher than iiL 1983* Bat 
the clear-up rate of reported 
. offences was 35 .per -.cent, 
compared with 37’ percent fir 
1983' and 45-per cent in 1971. 
Scotland and- Northern Ireland 
hadcomparatively lowerclear- 
•wp rates in 1984, at 31 per cent 
Cars, Vans : and motorcycles 
=• won-, the - most common to 
of crime; . iii 15183 one in five 
Owners' had vehicles r stolen or 
vandalized, or propeity stolen 

from them.r . 

The results of the'. British. 
.Crime' Survey indicate that 
.burglaries increased by - 21 per 
seat between 1981 -and 1983 

ifritempted burglariesare 
me.rise .la*n per 
-con. -_. v • ... . -• ,\- .; 

■ TfaepossfoOfiyef rapemura 
serious wuTyiowoiueii. Thirty 
!■ per cent ia Eaffendand Wales 
said m .'1984 that they were 
worried* about it. - . 

; ; The number of notifiable 
offences recorded b f the police 
in Fj^aiHj.and Wales in which 
firearms .were nsed quadrupled 
betwe« 1972 and l982, fen 
slightly in 1983 but rose again ' 
In 1984 to 8^376. Firearms wen- 
reported to have been used # 
more than' 8' per centof 
robberies recordedin 1984.' 

.. Over- half : of males found 
o£> or: captioned for 
iWe offences in KHpt<ma 
and Wales in 1984 were aged 
under TL The highest rate 'of 
Offendu^’b^ween 1961 and 
1984 was by males -aged 14 to 
16. : v <\ . • 

; ;Jwt over a qnarter-of crown 

court defeoduits ploied not 
gnilty to all counts in 1984f half- 

win acquitted! About 20 per 
cent- of fhe .United Kingdom 
prison population in 1984 were 
onremand, either untried or 
nnsostenced. • 

The total prison population 
in England and Wales in 1993 
k~ projected to be; between 
48,500' and 51900, compared 
With 43300 m 1984. Pro- 
portionately, the biggest in- 
crease - between 34 and 44 pier 
'cent.- is projected to be in the 
remand population. Three- 
tenths : of men in prison in 
.Rnghuid and- Wales on June 
30, -1984, had. been convicted of 

During 1984-85 nearly 
126,000- victims of crime in .the 
United Kingdom were- offered 
help by volmifeers in the 
National' Association of Vks 
tints Support; Schemes, neariy 
doable the 1983 figure. 

- About one pofioeman in 180 
in. England aid Wales- at the 
etuLof 184. was front an 

-and a better Hass bf person 

By Robin Young 

Britons now tend to- see 
themselves as a better class of 
person. Two-fifths of the popu- 
lation - consider themselves; 
middle c£as& and almost; a third 
place themselves in a higher 
social -class than their parents. 

Only nine per cent think- they 
have slipped on -the social scale 
from foe position their parents 
held. ’ . 

This air of -general comfort 
and -widespread sdf-satisfec-' 
tion, tinged with ■ disappoint- 
ment and straitened circum- 
stance for an unfortunate few, is 
reflected through Social Trends. 
the Government's ’.annual 
compendium of charts, tables 
and' statistical interpretation, 
the sixteenth edition of which is 
published today. 

In general terms, and by 
almost evey indicator,, we are 
better ~ off than we were. A 
married man on average earn- 
ings today has to work only 2- 
hours 16 minutes to buy, a bottle . 
of whisky. . In . 1977 That would 
have required 4 hours ■ J7 
minutes of hard-slog. • ’ = " • r* 


Everybody’s dicu grvcs them 
substantially- more- protein and 
vitamin C foair-foey: need 1 but, - 
sadly, noteuougfrmcrgy. 

For that rrasoii- perhaps, 38 
per cent of menland.32 per cent 
of women are overweight, with 
6 and 8 per cent respectively 

In. recent, years people have 
been urged towards a healthier- 
diet by cutting down on sugar, 
salt and animal fat, and eaung 
more bread, fruit, cereals and 
vegetables. In feet, uncooked 
poultry is the only meat product 
of which we are buying more. 

Consumption, of batter has 
more foan halved -since. 1961, 
and, on average, people are 
consuming more cheese, .fresh 
fruit and font products,' but less 
milk, eggs: fish, : fresh (as 
opposed to processed) potatoes, 
bread; arises and biscuits, and; 
sugar. I 

The better-off eat less bread 
and: fewer eggs than poorer 
households, but up to two and a 
half times as much fruit. , .. 

Working week 

The average weekly working 
hours have been . reduced to. 
nearly 42 for men, and just over' 


. Two-chad! 


hrs mins . tjram&ia 

1984 was £2.7 billion; but-the 
number of deaths was a fifth 
lower than in 1971, even though 
there area third more vehicles: 

Increase in over 85s 

1 laige loaf (white sAced) 

500gr mbuttarfhoma produoud) 
1 pint fresh irdlk ... 

I25gr oftea (medfcjm priced)' ' 
1 pMboer - 

ThoHie whisky 
Weekly «ta«ridlyb» 


Cinema admission 

- 9. 


2 D 

:.' -- 5 - - 

• - 

« 7 


1 23 
r:04 j-- 

. 33 . . 

. 50 

19 40 
' 29 

■ t 

. .-51 



2 18. 
1 OS 

'I . 09 ,- 

- 38 
13 40 

' 4 

" 10 
.- 2 

. 41 

8 12 
- 20 

Pensioners’ income 
rises threefold 

- By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent ‘ 

Pensioners as a whole axe 
much better off than they were 
30 years ago, although many are 
relatively poor, according.^ 
figures.*" SocMTraxds.~ . 

Pensioners'’ rad iB^mps-feave. 
almost: tripled since' 

1950s against an increase of 
only two-thirds for those below 
pension age. Income per' head 
for pensioners had risen from 
about 40 per cent of that of non- 

Younger pensioners are sig- 
nificantly better off than those 
aged over 75,and ody a few are 
very well off. One in 10 has an 
income above fob average for t 
working family. ' 

Half of all pensionere, who in 
1982 had on average £88 a week 
disposable income for couples 
and between £50 and £55 a week 
for single people, bad incomes 
above foe poorest 10 per cent of 
those jua work. 

In ggenerri,. they 'were a 
quarter better -off than those 
below pension age who Were not 
in wbxk, fatdwBng the anem- 
ployed, foe disabled ud single 
parents; . . . >. 

The report; also suggests that 
.pensionere retiring now. are 
retiring on medmes much nearer 
those they enjoyed in work than 
hv the jpast. XhisnB .foe result of 
higher -state : pensions, .^ore, 
•aicc®imtMM^''pfiEsj®sji-and other 
focal security henefitSL and 
dedneting items siswch as tax. 

. The: figures suggest that for 
those who retired in 1982 . then- 
gross income would be. 'about 
two -thirds of foeir salaries in. 
1976. Disposable Income would 
be about 80 per cent of what 
ttejf had . to speod in 1976,- in 
real 1 terms. ; 

.'Apart finom improvemeatts in 
peashms. ■' .pensioners: have 
-gained Improved' housing and 
disability benefits, but income 
from investments and saving^ 
has deefined m importance. 

. to spite tf foe improvement of 
pensioners 1 , position ^there are 
sfol nany“pensibnere who have 
■ low 'incomes compared with 
people now in work”, the report 
»ys. Only, a fifth' of working 
families had incomes below.', the 
average for pensioners. 

37 for.wdmdrL In 1963 almost 
all full-time manual employees 
(97 per cent) bada basic holiday 
cntitlcmeui of only two weeks. 
NooraUnost as .many -<95 per 
cent) can claim a full fom- weeks 
or more, and almost a fifth have 
five weeks or more. 

More and more people take 


- smart 
o* period 

Census amaneratad 

1910 - 11 

1911 - 21 
1 S 21>31 

.... -A 


















5 R 377 

56 , 818 . 
■ 57348 

AwHto* ""** otatanus (*«»•> 


' 824 







735 ~ 

785 , 







.624 - 



■'659 ' 






' 5S8 . 





+ 8 

633 - 






. :670..‘ 

•: 07 




- 8 



•/ -96 




852- v 





\ - 27 

- 686 . 

.. 09 









' 65' 





87* , 















' 63 

their holidays abroad, 16 
million in' 1984. Two-thirds of 
the adult population have been 
overseas on - holiday- at some 
time; in 1971-h was-fittte more 
than a third (36 per cent). Butin 
1984, the average household 
still spent- more on drinkiag out 
(£5.30 per week) than on 
hcriidays (£4.28). - . 

. • Less than two-fifths of re- 
spondents gave an unqualified 
“yes” when asked whether they 
thought drinking could damage 
people's health. Heavier drink- 
ers were by fer the most' likely 
to deny any connection; .7 per 
cent insisted that alcohol could 
not 'possibly damage health. 

Tewef coad deaths : 

The proportion; of drivers 
killed on the roads with more 
than the prescribed limit of 
alcphoL at 28 per cent, is still 
higher than it was in 1967 when 
breath-test legislation was intro- 
duced.' ; • • 

A sobering sidelight on the 
subjret' is That' foe average cost 
of -a fetal road accident is 
estimated, at -£182,000, .That 
includes lost output, police and 
cmergcncy scrvices, damage to 
property, and an allowance far 
pain, gnef and suffering. 

The estimated, cost of all road 
accidents in ■ Great Britain in 

Actual afloertoh In % 

Mainly Mainly Stared 
man woman «qu«By 



evening m«J 
Household shoppy 
Everting cflslws ' 
household money 

Repairs of housa- 
hoW equipment - 
CNkHuering . . 
Looks. after ft* 

nllJun - -*- ■ — * , 

oiDoreaT wnon 
they are aide- 

TeachaStto' •• 
Ctodw .' 







37 - 






How ehouki they be aBoceted? 

Mainly Mainly ' Shared 
man woman, equafly 












"SB "' 



•;£ 3 v ; 

‘is . . 

83 . 



' - 79 ; 

• V 2 -..*. 


’ 1 

1 - 

- - : 63 — - V 

• as . 

■ __ ' \ 

• "40 '. - 

47 V. 



' ' 12 

: * 5 .* r ’ : 

" .80 '’ " 

Nevgr^nanted peapto 

-Hqwetould they te altacated?. 

Meanly Meanly atered 
man woman -equafly 






















In feet, all rotmdJewer people 
are dying. 645,000 in - 1984 
compared with 659,000 in 1983. 
The average expectation of life 
at birth is 69,8 yeans -for males, 
and 7 62 for females. ■ 

Against that there is a bigger 
ageing population. The number 
or people 65 or over is neariy 
five times greater now than it 
was it> 1901. 

The number has grown by 
more, than two million, since 
1961 .and we face -v dramatic 
increase in foe number aged 85 
or over, -who are expected to 
make' tip more than a tenth ofl 
the elderly by. 2001 . 

The old are not necessarily 
badly off! Half of the nation^ 
pensioners have incomes higher 
than the poorest 10 per cent off 
workers! families, and as a 
group foeir- real incomes have 
almost tripled since foe 1 950s. 

. fro* they -may.j be lonely; 
.afotost. half those aged l& .m 
over- live albife; and, they may 
bc -sick. 'More than half those 
over ' 65 living on.tside insti- 
tutions describe themselves as 
suffering -from long-standing 

More ding addicts 

Not that foe rest of us are that 
healthy either. In any week 4.7 
per cent of foe workforce will 
. take at least one day off side. 
Neariy a third of , our women- 
folk (30 per cent) have none of 
foeir own teeth, and only half 
have all. foeir. natural teeth, 
despite foe fect-foat .women are 
more conscientious than men 
about visiting foedentisL 

The- average - number, •'of 
presmptions per person in 1984 
was 7.1. up from 6.5 in 1976^, 
and though there are fewer 
smokers^ there -are more drug 
addicts,- and an increase in foe 
notifications of lexuaSy-trans- 
mitted disease. 

The proportion of the popu- 
lation covered by private health 
schemes has doubled since 


■- ‘ Housing standards are gener- 
ally much improved, but about 
I i per cent of the housing stock 
’ is unfit for habitation, feCking 
basic amenities or in need of 
essential repairs. 

The total of dwellings exceeds 
foe number of households by 
more .than a million, and fewer 
than .2 per-cent of households 
lack a fixed bath and less -than 
U per cent the exclusive use of j 
a lavatory. . 

School spending 

■Ini 1984, 70 per cent of foe 
population aged 25 to 29 held 
an educational qualification, 
compared with only 39 per cent 
aged 50 and over. . 

Expenditure' per pupil has 
increased to £735 a year at 
primary schools and £1,025 at 

. But a third of unemployed 
males and' two-fifths of onehp- 
pkiyed females could . not be 
allocated to an occupational 
group, mostly because foey 'had 
never had a job. 

Unemployment is increas- 
ingly a. long-term, problem. A 
quarter, of -unemployed claim- 
ants have been without a job for 
more than, two years. 

Benefit changes 

The-, unemployed arc also 
worse off. Changes -in the 
benefit system and housing 
costs -have helped to increase by 
nearly a third the proportion 
whose incomes were, less than 
half what they- would have 
eamed if they had beat in work. 

The poverty trap still oper- 
ates. Por a married. couple with 
four dependent children an 
. increase m earnings from £60 to. 
£1 35 woultinot materially affect 
their spending power because of 
foe increase to income tax and 
• withdrawal-' of. -means-tested 

Social Trends 16. (Stationery Office, 
available from- government book- 
jbops and booksellers: £19-95). # 
Tomorrows Transport, housing, 

- ' wealth 

The Thai Air Force com- 
mander-in-chief told a packed 
court here yesterday that the 
former Prime Minister General 
Kriangsak Chomanand, and 
four former senior officers were 
involved in the felled coup in 
September which left at least 
five people dead and 60 

Air Chief Marshal Praphan 
Dhupatemiya was 'foe first 
witness at the trial of 
40 - military men accused of 
plotting to overthrow foe 

Air Chief Marshal Frapham 
said that during the coup 
attempt on September 9 
General Kriangsak had drafted 
a message to the .present 
Prime Minister General Prcm 
Tinsulanonda, then visiting 
Indonesia, telling him not to 
come back. 

The defendants include 
General Kriangsak; General 
Serai Na Nakhon, a former 

From Neil Kelly, Bangkok 

'supreme commander, former 
deputy surpreme commander 
Knisae Intharathal; suspended 
deputy supreme commander 
Amn Promfoep; former deputy 
Army chief Yes Thephasdin; 
and 35 junior officers and non- 
commissioned officers. 

All have pleaded not guilty. If 
convicted, they face foe death 
penalty or life imprisonment 

The man accused .of being 
foe chief organizer of foe 
plot, former Colonel Manoon 
Roopkracborn, was notin court. 
On foe day oftbe attempted coup 
he was peimitted to escape from 
Thailand in return, it was said, 
for sparing the life of Air Chief 
Marshal Praphan. He is now 
somewhere in Europe. 

Air Chief Marshal Praphan 
told the court he was taken 
from his home at 3 am by 
armed Air Force men to rebel 
headquarters, where he met 
General Serm and Colonel 
Manoon. They were issuing 

orders, speaking on telephones 
and reading documents. 

When General Kriangsak 
arrived. General Serm asked 
him to draft foe message to 
General Prem in Jakarta. 

Air Chief Marshal Praphan 
said he discovered that foe rebel 
leaders were planning to close 
Bangkok international airport, 
but they cancelled that order 
when he pointed out it would 
damage foe economy. 

He also told them he would 
not allow the Air Force to be 
used against the Government. 
Genera] Serm had said “Quite 
right" and General Kriangsak 

When things began to go 
wrong for foe rebles. Colonel 
Manoon came in demanding 
the use of aircraft against loyal 
troops, but foe generals had said 

The trial, which is expected 
to last more than a year, will 
continue tomorrow. 

A well-wisher giving roses to the former Thai Prime Minister, General Kriangsak, as his trial opens in Bangkok. 

Former Thai Premier goes on 
trial accused of coup plot 

on reporting 

Kampala (AFP) - Uganda's 
military authorities have 
enacted stringent curbs on foe 
national press, and ordered all 
foreign correspondents based in 
Kampala to dear any articles 
on security matters with a new 
censorship board. 

Members of foe Press 
Security Committee said that 
all publications or special 
correspondents in Kampala 
would have to disclose their 
sources of information to the 
committee “whenever asked te 
do so". 

The restrictions come after 
numerous reports in the local 
and intenational press that 
government soldiers had been 
involved in widespread looting 
and 1 killing of civilians. 

The new board said that 
journalists planning to visit 
militarized zones most first 
submit a written request to foe 

Sikh youth 
on Punjab 

From Knldfp Nayar 

One person was- killed and 
fbur t lakh rupees’ (£30,000) 
looted’ by SiKfr-yotxfo at Taran 
in Punjab yesterday as tension 
gripped the state, writer foe arrest 
of 42 members of foe. All India 
Sikh Students' Federation in a 
bid -to curb rising ^ violence. 

Mr S. B. Chavan, India’s 
Home Minister.- .has again 
alleged. that the Punjab' Govern- 
ment is lenient with extremists. 
He was speaking in a television 
programme on Tuesday night. 

Mr Suriit Singh Barnala, foe 
Punjab . Chfef Minister, has 
reiterated foaj his -Government 
is taking stringent measures 
against extremists who, he said, 
were being trained across .foe 
border. He has also announced 
a liberal rehabilitation scheme 
for those Sikh soldiers who 
deserted foe Army. after hearing 
about foe military operation in 
foe Golden Temple-at Amritsar 

In three districts - Jalandhar, 
Kapurfoala and B ha tin da - all 
educational institutions are to 
remain closed for the next three 
days. Kapurfoala has also 
banned motorized traffic 
between 6 pm and 6 am. 

These .measures have appar- 
ently .been taken ■ in view of a 
road blockade which the stu- 
dents' federation has an- 
nounced for tomorrow. . The 
Punjab Government has an- 
nounced. ii will not allow any 
stoppage of traffic. 

Second chance 
for TV chief 

Warsaw. - Polish Prime 
Minister Bigniew Messner, has 
refUsed to accept foe resignation 
of a television executive respon- 
sible for spoiling the new year 
address or General JarozelskL 
The official press said that 
Mr Messner had decided to give 
foe director-general, Mr Alek- 
sandr Perczynski. an. official 
reprimand for his.jjart in 
ruining - foe sound . 

Press magnate challenges Paris 

Man in the French news 

From Diana Geddes 

The Government has 
announced a series of legal 
measures designed to block foe 
take-over of one of foe most 
important French provincial 
newspaper groups by M Robert 
Hersant, foe right-wing press 
magnate who already possesses 
the biggest newspaper Empire in 

It seems unlikely, however 
that the Government will be 
able to touch- M Hersant 
personally. He is a member 
of European Parliament and 
enjoys complete immunity from 
prosecution under French law. 
Ii could ask foe European 
Parliament to lift that immun- 
ity, but it is by no means certain 
that the centre-right majority in 
Strasbourg would agree. 

The procedure would be 
unlikely to be completed before 
foe French elections in March 
when foe right is expected to 
return to power. The two main 
opposition parties have pledged 
to repeal all legislation “resin cl- 
ing foe liberty of foe press”, 
including foe new anti-trust law 
voted by foe Socialist Govern- 
ment in October, 1 984. 

Under that law, aimed 
specifically at M Hersant, no 
one person or group may own 
more than 10 per cent of 
national daily newspaper sales 
and the same proportion of 
provincial daily sales. M 
Hersant owns 38 per cent of the 
national daily press, including 
foe leading national morning 
paper Le Figaro, and 19 per 
cent of the provincial daily 
press. However, the Constitu- 
tional Council ruled that foe 
law could not be applied 

It was confidently assumed 
that foe new law would at least 
prevent further expansion of foe 
Hersant empire. But not at all: 
M Hersant showed his complete 
contempt for this law at the 
weekend when he announced he 
had taken over the eight titles of 
for Progr&s de Lyon group, 
thereby increasing his share of 
fob total provincial press sales 

Hersant: immunity from 
French law 

to 26 per cent, and giving him a 
virtual monopoly of the press in 
foe Lyons area, foe second 
biggest conglomeration after 

The Government impotent! y 
protested that foe takeover was 
against the law and that M 
Hersant would be prosecuted. 
Undaunted, M Hersant lashed 
back in a front-page editorial in 
Le Figaro accusing the Govern- 
ment of being ready to hand 
over foe means of mass 
communication to foreigners - 
notably foe granting of the 
licence for France's first private 
television channel to a Franco- 
ltalian group, while trying to 
prevent honest Frenchmen 
from rescuing newspapers 

“Sometimes, in order not to 
be behind in a war, it is 
necessary to be in advance of a 
law.” he proclaimed. 

It is not simjoly foe size of M 
Hersan L's empire that inspires 
both fear and fascination among 
his fellow-coun trymen, but also 
the fact foal he uses his power 
to exercise political power. 
Politics and foe press have been 
foe two dominating passions of 
M Hersant’s life. 

Born foe son of a merchant 
navy captain, M Hersant, aged 
65. started in journalism at foe 
age of 16. At foe same time, he 
joined his first political party. 

becoming an active member of 
foe Socialist Youth during foe 
Popular Front Government of 
Leon Blum. 

During foe war, he appeared 
to change political tack by 
becoming foe founding member 
of an ultra-nationalist, anti- 
Jewish youth group in Nazi- 
occupied Paris - a step which 
has haunted him ever since, but 
which he has never sought to 
explain. In 1 947 be was 
sentenced by a Liberation Court 
to 10 years of “national 
indignity” for his wartime 
activities, but was granted an 
amnesty five years later. 

After trying unsuccessfully to 
stand for Parliament in 1945, 
before foe passing of foe 
sentence, M Hersant threw 
himself into the business of 
building up a press empire. 

His tactics then and now 
were the same: he would buy up 
small titles in financial difficult- 
ies, introduce radical changes in 
management, technology and 
personnel, and turn them into 
successful enterprises. 

That he said, was what 
primarily interested him. 
However, he did not hesitate to 
use foe columns of his papers to 
pursue his political career. First 
elected to Parliament in 1956 
on a Social Democratic ticket 
he gradually shifted to foe right, 
but never actually joined 
General de Gaulle's RPF party, 
nor its successor, foe RPR, 
After 22 years in Parliament he 
was defeated by a Gaullist in 
1978, but is standing again in 
the coming elections as a centre- 
right candidate. ■ 

The Hersant empire now 
includes 20 daily newspapers, 
and a further 20 periodicals; 30 
local radio stations; a press 
agency; an advertising agency, a 
national network of print works 
(Le Figaro is the only national 
daily io be sold throughout foe 
country on foe day of publi- 
cation!; and be has announced . 
plans to buy one of the three 
state-owned television stations 
as soon as the right comes to 
power and carries out its 
privatization plans. 

China tries to boost grain harvest 
with restrictions on land use 

From Mary Lee 
Peking • 

Chinese peasants and rural 
authorities who turn land 
designated for grain to other 
uses will ■ be- - penalized* an 
official said yesterday. 

Mr Li Jinf&ua,' spokesman of 

the Ministry . of . Agriculture, 
Animal Husbandry and Fish- 
eries, said thatgraio acreage had 
fallen from 80 per, cent of the 
total area ofsown land, in 1980 
to 75.6 per cent in 1985 - an 
important factor behind foe ? 
per cent, drop in total grain 
harvested last year. 

*‘A lot of houses and .factories 
have been built on. crop land, so 
we are going to introduce some 
regulations to collect taxes in 
such cases and we- will promul- 
gate a land law," he said but did 
not disclose what the’ proposed 
land law would involve nor did 
he say whether the new tax 
regulations would be retro- 

He also blamed the drought 
in southern China and -floods in 

foe north for the estimated 27 
milli on-ton drop in grain output 
to about 380 million tons last 
year. However, foe abolition of 
quotas for gran production and 
relaxation of price controls for 
agricultural produce in 1985 
also prompted farmers to grow 
cash crops or turn low-lying 
land into fishponds, he said. 

Peasants also felt they could 
cam more money by undertak- 
ing sideline occupations or 
working for industry and foeir 
enthusiasm for growing food 
crops was further dampened, he 

• Mr Li emphasized, however, 
that state stocks were adequate 
and fanners had grains in store. 
The market, prices for grains 
would remain steady as supply 
was guaranteed. 

In addition to introducing 
penalties, for illegal conversion 
of grain acreage to building 
land, Mr Li outlined various 
measures to enhance further 
farmers’ enthusiasm for grain 
production. These include a 

variety of subsidies and allow- 
ances for grain producers as 
well as reducing contract pro- 
duction. thereby freeing more 
grain for sale at higher prices in 
foe markets. 

During the 1 986-90 plan, he 
said, grain acreage would be 
maintained at 210 million 

Mr Li reflected the confusion 
said to be affecting reform of 
foe rural sector when he was 
asked what the next step in the 
reform programme would in- 

Earlier Chinese press reports 
baa quoted Mr Zhao Ziyang, 
the Prime Minister, as saying 
that 1986 . would be spent 
making necessary preparations 
for the next step. 

‘ Mr Li, said: “We have not 
foonght out foe next stage yet 
because the 1985 reforms 
(abolition of quotas and relax- 
ation of price controls) have not 
been fully carried out and these 
might take up foe whole of the 
1986-90 period." 

El Salvador off 
limits for 
the peace fleet 

Managua (AP) - Immigration 
authorities stopped inter- 
national peace marchers from 
going io El Salvador in small 
boats, a member of the march 
said yesterday. 

Lynette Thorstensen. one of 
the marchers, said that the 
peace marchers were told that 
there was concern that the 
Salvadorean Government 
might consider it a provocation 
by the left-wing Government of 
Nicaragua if the boats here 
allowed to cross the Gulf of 

Between 85 and 100 marchers 
left on Monday for Potosi a 
Nicaraguan port, and had 
planned to take small boats 
across the Gulf, shared by 
Nicaragua, Honduras and El 
Salvador, yesterday to the 
Salvadorean Port of La Union. 

After rightwiag protests 
against the marchers in Costa 
Rica in December, officials of 
El Salvador. Honduras and 
Guatemala said they would not 
allow them to emer 


Dragonfly-148 sold. 

Wessex-3 85 

Whirlwind- 433 sold. 

Sea King-305 


helicopters with Sikorsky 

for 38 years 

. % - ’ . C* .C* 














We’ve studied the European Consortium's new pro- 
posals very carefully. 

But frankly, their offer is only marginally changed 
and, in financial terms, still very similar to that of Sikorsky 
and Fiat 

The fundamental reasons which led the Board 
strongly to recommend you to back Sikorsky and Fiat 
remain valid. 

Our partnership with Sikorsky is tried and tested. 

With Fiat, it will open up new opportunities for 
Wesdand which outweigh any the European Consortium 
can offer. . 

If we were to offer both alternatives to the vote, as 
some shareholders ask, there’s a real danger that neither 
would get the mandatory 75% majority, and we could 
end up with neither. 

The situation is far too urgent to risk this. 

We need a quick and decisive solution. 

The one which your Board arrived at after months 
of exhaustive analysis and tough negotiating: 

Accept the proposals from Sikorsky and Fiat without 
delay. This is our firm recommendation. 

If you have any difficulty in completing and/or a 
returning your proxy card in time, we invite you to 
phone us between 10am and 8pm daily. 

The number is 01-583 1398. 

• -.jVff y . 


Please mom the coupon to The Registrar, Wesdand pic. National . - SO - UTIONS: 
Westminster Bank PLC, Registrar's De p ar tme nt, BO. Box 82 -Number l: 

37 Broad Street, Bristol BS99-7YA. . * Ordinary R 

37 Broad Street, Bristol BS997YA.. . Ordinary Resolution 

Fono of Proxy for use at the Extraordinary General Meeting ofWestland pic Number.2:. 

(“the Company”) to beheld on Tuesday, 14* January; 1986. Special Resolution 

Vfk *e undersigned bong (a) members) of the Company, hereby appoint the ' Kl ■ , , 

Chairman oftbc - • ’ Number 3: 

. Special Resolution 

Meeting or (sec note 1)J ' '' - 



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as my/our praxyto vote (arme/m on mj/cnr behalf at the Extraordinary Gemini •»' • 

Meeting of *e Company convened for HUOim. on 14* January. 19 & and at any "“Jpyi"'.** Wmm rf j ’ 

adjournment thereof uj-tebomibcnrM^ 0 »*«*»•*» if ' ” 

We direct *at my/oor vote(s) be cast on the resolutions referred to m the Notice o r ^ r ^f ,il “ p, ? xy fe™ cWarfi— - j." 

ofMeepziK as indicted by an X as shown opposite and on any other resolution in 7 - ■•••' 

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Black pupils in 
confusion over 
ruling to end 
school boycott 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 
Thousands of contused -springs, east of Johannesburg, 
young blacks milled outside troops patrolled in armoured 
schools throughout South Af- personnel carriers and on 
riea yesterday, uncertain horseback as hundreds of 
whether to return to classes o'r youngsters beaded back to 
heed a call by militant organiza- school. 

lions to keep up their boycott 
for a further three weeks. 

Most pupils in Tembisa and 
other townships around Johan- 

ln-. iabulani, a district of nesburg ieft for home after a 
Soweto, youngsters who tried to couple of hours. Many said they 
re-enter school premises were would resume- classes only on 
attacked -by others trying to January 28. 

ion has 

arisen over a resolution oassed Win, H e Mandela yesterday 

a T?confe™of ? E* V 

organizations II days ago rw 1 5 £ nd u P ^ 

urging pupils and students to C nni«:» ^ ^ Mnes ^ ur | to 
cd their boycotts, which in restrict, on 

some pans of the country have « ' , . _ „ . 

lasted nearly three years, but 5f )nl f sU P B L [ ie 

also calling on the Government V 01 ^ ^ 

to postpone the reopening date ^ and 

&*** ^ srsssss. i/r 

- The^ resolution, organizod by & 

me Soweto Parents crisis p^dav 

Committee, said the postpone- y ‘ 
meni was needed to communi- • Congressmen see Botha: Six 
cate with blacks throughout the United Slates congressmen, live 
country and to give the Democrats and one Republican, 
authorities time to organize who are on a fact-finding 
temporary school premises to mission to South Africa, held 
replace those damaged and discussions with President 
destroyed during months of Botha at his holiday home in 
black township unrest. “The wilderness” in the Eastern 

The Government rejected the Cape province, 
resolution, which was delivered A report by an independent 
to it only on Monday, nine days radio station quoted the con- 
al'icr the conference. gressmen as saying that the talks 

in Tembisa township near had not been very fruitful. 

Pretoria lifts race limits 
at white universities 

From Our Correspondent, Johannesburg 

‘Fifth force’ theory 

challenged by new research 

From John Noble Winford. New York Times. New York 

Mrs Winnie Mandela giving the black-power salute outside the Supreme Court in 
Johannesburg, where she is challenging her latest banning order. 

Ex-general jailed on Report told 
subversion charges °/ n Y cl . e ® r 

From Our Correspondent, Jakarta pittlll liSJvJS 

A new analysis of early 20th- 
century experiments has pro- 
duced results challenging both 
the findings of Galileo that all 
falling bodies accelerate at the 
same rate, and a fundamental 
dement of Einstein's general 
Theory of Relativity. This has 
icd physicists to suspect that 
there may be a fifth, previously 
unidentified force at work in the 

Scientists said the new study, 
published this week in Physical 
JRt'rie ir Lexers. could have a 
profound influence on thinking 
in physics and cosmology if the 
results are substantiated b> 
further experiments. Those who 
had examined the report said it 
appeared to be based on sound 

Even though the new findings 
seemed to undermine a basic 
assumption made by Einstein, 
the principle of equi* lence that 
stemmed from Galileo's work, 
scientists said the hypothesized 
new force, called the hvper- 
charge, was so weak and local 
that, ir it did exist, it would not 
fundamentally alter Einstein's 
principles as the basic tool of 
modern cosmology. The other 
known forces arc electromag- 
netism. gravity, and the strong 
and weak forces governing 
nuclear structure. 

The new analysis suggests 
thaL contrary to Galileo's 
assertion, a feather would fall 
faster than a coin if dropped 
from the same height in a 
vacuum. This is because, in the 

new thinking, gravity is not the 
only force at work: there is also 
presumably something called 
hyperchargC; which acts on 
objccti of different compo- 
sitions in ways to cause them to 
accelerate at slightly different 

Dr Ephraim Fischbach. the 
leader of the team of scientists 
who made the study, said: 
"When you sec something as 
fundamental as a new force, it's 
likely to change many things. 
We will have ic rethink many 
views of particle physics and 

Dr Fischbach. a professor of 
physics at Purdue University in 
Indiana, is a visiting professor 
this year a: the Institute of 
Nuclear Theory at the Univer- 
sity of Washington in Seattle. 
The other euthors of the report 
arc Daniel Sudarsky. Aaron. 
Szafer and Carrick Ta’lmadge of 
Purdue, and S. H. Aronson of 
the Rookhavea National Lab- 
oratory at L ! pton. NY. 

Dr Robert Dicke. a Princeton 
University physicist and auth- 
ority on Einstein's theories. 
saidV'One has to be somewhat 
careful when you're dealing 
with something that's poten- 
tially revolutionary. But if this 
is right, it’s extremely import- 
ant. I can’t pick any holes in the 

The prospect or another 
fundamental force comes as 
most theoretical physicists are 
striving for a single mathemat- 
ical framework that describes all 

the forces, except possibly 
gravity, as different manifes*- 
ta lions of one general force. 
These concepts arc called 
Grand Unified Theories, or 

Dr Fischbach and his team 
re-examined data from experi- 
ments conducted by Roland 
von Eoivqs, a Hungarian 
scientist, over a period of more 
than two decades and reported 
in 1921 

The experiments, involving 
the suspension of objects of 
different composition ar.d mass 
from a torsion balance, ap- 
peared to confirm Galileo’s 
observation in the early !7ih 

Newton relied on Galileo’s 
work in formulating his theory 
of gnr.ity in the laic 17th 

century, and Einstein, re- 
inforced by the Hungarian 
experiments, aiso made the 
assumption that all bodies fall 
at the same rate in a uniform 
gravitational field in enunciat- 
ing hib general theory of 
relativity in 1916. 

However, according to Dr 
Fischbach. even the Hungarian 
experimenters noted some dis- 
crepancies in their results but 
chose to ignore them as being 
statistically insignificant. On 
detailed examination. Dr Fis- 
chbach found the discrepancies 
in the group's "raw" experimen- 
tal data to be large enough to 
suggest that some other force 
besides gravity, might be actine 
on the bodies. 

South Africa's white univer- 
sities have been given per- 
mission to enrol students of all 
race groups without having to 
obtain government permission. 

The move particularly affects 
the four English-language and 
“open” universities of the 
Witwaiersrand (Johannesburg), 
Cape Town, Natal and Rhodes 

Racial restrictions on univer- 
sity enrolment were imposed in 
1059 under the Extension on 
University Act. It provided that 
no black who was not reregis- 
tered at an established univer- 
sity at the lime could be 
admitted without government 

In 1983 the Act was amended 
and the permit-system scrapped, 
but the Minister of National 
Education was empowered to 
impose racial quotas and to 
limit the admission of blacks to 
certain fields of study. 

The four English-language 
universities have now been 
informed by the Ministry of 
Education and culture in the 
white House of Assembly that 
permits arc no longer needed to 
admit blacks to any of their 
faculties or departments. 

Dr Smart Saunders, Rector 
and Vice-Chancellor of Cape 
Town University, said yester- 
day: "It is a wise decision and I 
congratulate the Governent on 

Professor Karl Tober, Vice- 
Chancellor of the University of 
the Witwaiersrand, South Afri- 
ca’s biggest university, said it 
had never accepted an ad- 
mission policy based on race in 
anv form whatever. 

In 1984 a total of 198,675 
students was enrolled at four 
English-language and five Afri- 
kaans universities and at one 
dual-medium university. Out of 
42,297 students at English-lan- 
guage universities. 5.2 per cent 
were African, 6.4 per cent 
Indian and 4:1 per cent 

The five Afrikaans univer- 
sities had a 0.6 per cent African, 
Indian, Coloured and Chinese 
enrolment out of a total of 

A spokesman for the Rand 
Afrikaans University in Johan- 
nesburg said it had “always 
been an open university'' and 
even if the 1983 quota system 
was scrapped it would make no 
practical difference 

Proclaiming his innocence 
and claiming ihat his imprison- 
ment and five-month trial were 
engineered by Indonesian intel- 
ligence authorities, retired 
General H R Dharsono has 
been jailed for 10 years on 
subversion charges. 

As the judges read the 
sentence in Jakarta’s central 
district court room. Dharsono. 
aged 60. leapt to his feel and 
shouted: “1 appeal.” 

The crowd, pushing aside 
benches. surged to the front of 
the courtroom yelling “long live 
Dharsono”. with the chant 
rising to a roar, and some 
yelling “Down with the judges". 

Shouting to make himself 
heard above the uproar. Dhar- 
sono. a former Secretary-Gen- 
eral of the .Association of South 
East Asian Nations (Ascank 
one-tme attache at the Indone- 
sian Embassy in London, 
former ambassador to Thailand 
and Cambodia, and Chief of 
Staff of the powerful Siliwangi 
division which helped bring 
President Suharto to power, 
said: “I am innocent” 

“The judge is not following 
his conscience." he said as 
police tried to control the 
crowd. “If I was guilty of the 
crimes I have been accused of, 1 
should be sentenced to more 
than 10 years - to 50 years or 
life. 1 should be stripped of my 
uniform. Ten years proves only 
that the judges are following 
someone else’s will, not their 

Warning over protests 

Haiti priests foster defiance 

By .Alan Tomlinson 

On New Year's Day. Presi- 
dent-for-life Jean -Claude Duva- 
her drove from the palace into 
the teeming streets of Port-au- 
Princc tossing money to the 
poor from the window of his 

The night before, he had fired 
his closest advisers and prom- 
ised a new dawn of economic 

He first made that ple<fee 15 
vears ago, vet Haiti remains as 
his father, Pappa Doc Duvalier, 
left it to him - the poorest 
nation in the Western hemi- 
sphere with an annual average 
income of only £200. 

For a growing number of its 
5.5 million people. Baby Doc's 
new vear gesture was a sure sign 
that the more things change in 
the Duvalier Government, the 
more thev remain the same. 

The dvnasty has ruled Haiti 
like a personal fiefdom since 
1957. Papa Doc used a sinister 
blend of voodoo and violence to 
keep the population in awe of 
him. His son’s pledge of 
liberalization “remains only a 
word", sayd Mr Gerard Gour- 
gucs, president of the Haitian 
League for Human Rights. 

Political parties were lega- 
lized last year, but they must 
first recognize Mr Duvalier s 
lifetime presidency before they 
can take part in elections due in 

As the economic situation 
grew worse, with a diesel fiiel 
shortage malting life even less 
viable in the countryside, anu- 
govemment demonstrations 
erupted six weeks ago. "The 

Operation for 

Doctors said after operating j 
last night on Plaiido Domingo i 
for a double hernia that it •. 
would probably be six weeks , 
before die opera star could sing 
again (Richard Wigg writes). 

He was to be given > local 
anaesthetic by spinal injection 
so as not to risk affecting the 
vocal chords* doctors at ft® 
Dexens Clinic In Barcelona 

“Anyone who forces the 
stomach muscles* whether a 
stevedore or opera singer, is i 
tillable to a hernia,” one of the 
doctors added. 

Jean-Claude Duvalier. 
liberalization pledge. 

people have awakened”, said 
Mr Constant de P 9 gnon, leader 
of the small National Demo- 
cratic Rallying Party. 

The new mood of defiance is 
largely due to the work of 
radical priests espoused to a 
theology of liberation. In spite 
of widespread belief in voodoo, 
85 per cent of Haitians are 
practising Roman Catholics. 
More than 2,000 church com- 
munities have sprung up, 
teaching members a new politi- 
cal awareness of their situation. 

The expulsion of three priests 
in October and a temporary ban 
on church radio broadcasts 
during the first demonstrations 
have not silenced an outspoken 
bishops’ conference which this 
week endorsed a boycott of 
schools as part of the latest 
protest. Demonstrators chant- 
ing “down with the President 

have also been shouting “long 

Port-ao-Prince (AFP) - The 
Haitian Government yesterday 
temporarily closed schools and 
universities and warned that it 
would “rigorously” check what 
it considered illegal acts, after 
two day’s of anti-Govermnent 
protests that reportedly left one 

A communique from the 
Ministry of the Interior and 
National Defence said that the 
Army and civilian militia would 
“rigorously” repress any illegal 
action to “protect lives and 
goods”. It said that “subversive 
elements working for under- 
ground movements” were try- 
ing to manipulate public opi- 
nion to further their “anarchic 
aims”, but did not elaborate. 

Students on Tuesday staged 
strikes in several provincial 
cities in what informed sources 
said was an apparent escalation 
of anti-government unrest. 

One person was killed and 
three wounded on Monday 
when thousands of slam dwel- 
lers started demonstrations 
against the Government. 

live the Army” in the apparent 
hope of encouraging a military' 

So far the Army has re- 
mained loyal to the president, 
twice opening fire on demon- 
strators in the historic northern 
seaport of Gonaives, where 
independence from. France was 
proclaimed in 1804. 

The town was once a 
Duvalier stronghold. Papa Doc 
used to say: “To lose it is to lose 

The prosecution, which had | 
demanded 1 5 years, and has ' 
aiso appealed against the sen- 
tence. said that Dharsono tried 
to undermine the authority of 
the stale on two primary 


The first was that he had 
helped draft, and together with 
22 others, signed and dissemi- 
nated a White Paper calling for 
an independent inquiry into the 
deaths of at least 30 people, 
killed when troops opened fire 
on Muslim rioters in Jakarta's 
Port district in September. 
1984. The second was that he 
addressed a meeting of youths 
in a private house and “might 
have” inflamed them to take 
x iolent anion against the state. 

Dharsono has maintained his 
innocence throughout the trial, 
saying that he was trying to 
direct discontent, after the riots, 
through constitutional Chan- ! 

The judges said although the 
Government found the White 
Paper acceptable and “within 
bounds”, Dharsono had made it 
“operational” and violence had 

Mr Mulya Lubis. for the 
defence, said after the session 
that it was “a trial of oppor- 
tunity. not of legal principles.” | 
Mr Slamet Bratanata, former > 
mining Minister in the Suharto 
Government, who signed the 
White Paper, told The Times. 
after the trial:” they have told 
the people there is nothing 
wrong with the White Paper.” 

Ozal sees 
benefits in 
Tehran trip 

From Rasit Gnrdilek 

The official visit to Tehran of 
Mr Turgut Ozal. the Turkish 
Prime Minister, achieved less 
spectacular results than might 
have been expected from the 
agreements reached at earlier 
meetings with Iranian leaders, 
but they were substantive 
enough to please him. 

Returning this week from the 
three-day visit, Mr Ozal con- 
firmed the announcement of his 
Minister of Stale, Mr Tinaz 
Titiz, who had been in Tehran a 
few days earlier, that the S2.6 
billion' (£i.S billion) trade 
volume between the two coun- 
tries would be S3 billion, “or 
slightly more", this year. 

While there were no concrete 
deals to show off between the 
Tukish businessmen who ac- 
companied him and their 
Iranian colleagues. Mr Ozal 
promised closer cooperation, in | 
industry and contracting 

A more tangible result ap- 
peared to be oil imports secured 
at “more favourable terms”. Mr 
Ozal said six million tonnes 
would be imported from Iran 
this year, but be declined to 
elaborate on the terms. Journal- 
ists in his entourage said Iran 
had agreed to make “improve- 
ments” on former prices in 
return for additional Turkish 
imports for re-export. 

The snags Turkey had en- 
countered in exporting steel to 
Iran were reportedly eliminated. 

New York (NYT) - The 

Nuclear Regulatory Commission 

said last September that com- 
pliance with safety regulations 
was "marginal" at a Sequoyah 
Fuels Corporation plant in 
Oklahoma and expressed con- 
cern over the potential for 
precisely the type of accident that 
occurred iherc last Saturday, 
killing one worker and sending 
dozens to ihe hospital. 

In a safely evaluation report, 
the agency also reviewed !5 
safety violations since 197S and j 
added ihat. while none were 
severe, “the total number of 
violations is excessive and the 
presence of repeated problems 
indicates a lack of management 
oversight” at the plant, a 
■subsidiary of the Kerr-McGce 

A Kerr-McGcc spokesman 
disputed those conclusions on 
Tuesday. "Obviously, we dis- 
agree.” said Mr Richard 
Percies, director of Corpor ate 

Fundamentalist upsurge in Egypt 

Sinai killer nailed as a 

1 ti 

Jl & y £. 

A da> after a former Egyptian 
police officer. Sergeant Sulei- 
man Khater. was found hanged 
in a Cairo prison hospital, 
students at Zagarig Llniversity 
in the Nile delta brought out 
black flags and shouted death 
threats against President Muba- 

Sergeant Khater. who was 
sentenced last month to life 
imprisonment with hard labour 
for murdering seven Israeli 
tourists, including four chil- 
dren. at his border post in Sinai 
in October, was doing corre- 
spondence courses at Zagazig. 
about 50 miles south of Cairo. 

Police sealed off the campus 
but did not intervene when 
students chanted "Mubarak will 
pay for it” and “We will kill 
him (Mubarak! like we killed 
the other one”, reference to 

From Alice Brintoo, Cairo 

President Sadat who was gun- 
ned down bv Muslim extremists 
in 1981. 

Sergeant Khater was hailed as 
a hero and martyr by several 
members of Egypt's opposition 
parties. In Cairo. Mr Khalid 
Mohieddine. leader of the left- 
wing National Progressive 
Unionist Party, called for an 

The official version is that 
Sergeant Khater was found 
hanging from the bars of his 
hospital room window on 
T uesday. with bedding wrapped 
round his neck. 

Medical repoa s stated that 
he died of suffocation and ruled 
that it was suicide. He was 
being treated for bilharzia, a 
parasitiedisease. but his lawyer. 
Mr Emad El-Sobky. says he was 
unaware that his client suffered 

from any physicai ailment. 

Newspapers in several Arab 
countries hailed Sergcar.: 
Khater as a martyr ar.d hero cf 
Sinai, accusing the Egyptian 
Government of as sas mating 
him. Some reports said the 
Mossad. Israel’s secret service, 
was responsible. Laier the 
official Cairo radio dismissed 
these claims as a “torrent of 
lies", adding that Sergeant 
Khater was an ordinary Egyp- 
tian who had committed an 
ordinary crime, was punished 
for it but decided to take his 
own life. 

Sergeant Khater will be 
buried in his home village of 
Akyad. near Zagazig. The 
village has been sealed off since 
Tuesday night and there have 
been reports ofanti-govemmen, 
demonstrations there. 


Marcos supporter’s aide shot dead 

Canwm 9<nnl DnnflAilaa \fani1a 

The presidential election in 
the Philippines claimed its first 
victim yesterday - the chauf- 
feur-bodyguard of a prominent 
business "supporter of President 

It was a political assassin- 
ation - and a case of mistaken 
identity - police said after Mr 
Rodolfo Arcete, aged 32. died 
from gunshot wounds in the 
stomach. * 

He was failed because he was 
carrying the briefcase of his 

-v mr_ 'hfnvwln rartnac 

n. a 

From Paul Routledge, Manila 
President Marcos in the election 

on February 7. 

The unidentified gunman 
struck in broad daylight on 
Recto Street in Manila, and fled 
after opening fire on Mr 
Farinas’s driver as he got into 
the car. Mr Farinas, jolted, by 
the noise of gunfire, fell down 
the stairs of a nearby building 
while leaving a political meeting 
He is secretary of a group ■ 
calling itself United llocano. 
named after the "deep north" 

Carrying me pneica&c ua nasucu miti uu.uj 

employer, Mr Marcclo Farinas, home province of the President, 
aged 39, secretary of a group and established to convinced 
campaigning for the return of metropolitan doubters that, Mr 

Marcos's traditional supporters 
are still behind him. 

Mr Farinas insisted that the 
attack could only have been 
politically motivated. “It was 
very sad because we are 
campaigning in a very clean 
way.” he said. 

The killing is being counted 
as the first of the election, but it 
will certainly not be the last. 
Although police declined to 
speculate, it had all the hall 
marks of the work of the hit- 
and-run assassination squads of 
the communist New People’s 
Army. ' 

There are even more hours of pure joy in store for the Prime Minister and indeed aU of us 
The new series, now entitled ‘Yes, Prime Minister’, begins tonight at 9.00pm on bbCe.. 



Reagan warns Americans who stay in Libya 

Belated act of reparation 

From MichaeJ Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan has threat- and extraordinary threat** to important or advisory 

ened unprecedented penalties United States national security role in the Libyan oil industry 
for those Americans in Libya and foreign policy, and he and economy, ywd have no jobs 
who ignored his immediate declared a “national emerg- to return to in the United 
order to leave. “Those who ency" to deal with it. States, 

violate these orders should Mr Reagan has already twice i rr1 1ti , - 

know they will be subject to used the Act to take measures Y 06 


One problem in trying to 

appropriate penalties on their against other countries - in enforce^theorderto leave i sj-hat 

retnm tft the l SlatK " he imnnrin« trails anrtinm Loloncl OHuZm ISSS Occn 

return to the United States.” he 

That could include up to 10 
years imprisonment and a fine 
of S 50,000. the White House 
confirmed yesterday. Mr Larry 
Speakcs, the President's spokes- 
man, admitted the penalties 
were stiff, but said the Adxninis- 

imposing trade sanctions , vjaa f m «« , 

against Nicaragua, and in lowing Americ an s in without 
ordering limited sanctions r «P“nng or stamping their 
against South Africa. President mP?**- ^ Jsthe^use of an 

and in 

Carter also used it when be American passport to a county 
ordered sanctions against Iran f^wtach it invalid 

and froze Iranian asseKin the tha J is ** t f* ni F al offen ?? 
United States after the Amen- wfauA Americans could 

i ration was “certainly prepared Tehran. 

can hostages were seized in 

remaining in those countries , - UDa - 

be‘ prosecuted. Such declar- 
ations have been used in the 
past to ban travel to North 
Vietnam, North Korea and 

have not been invoked. 

Justice Department sources. 

to prosecute” if necessary. But in these previous cases ™ J 

The Americans, now num- penalties against Americans Nort ^ Korea and 

be ring between 1 ,000 and remaining in those countries '“ UDa " 

1,5000. including dependents, have not been invoked. Justice Department sources, 

would be charged under the The Administration ha* re* however, yesterday said that 
International Emergency Econ- peatedly urged United States any Americans refusing to leave 
omic Powers Act. the law citizens to leave Libya, and the or travelling to Libya without a 
invoked by President Reagan in total has fallen sharply from passport would be charged with 
signing his Executive Order more than 8,000 in 1979. A attempting to circumvent the 
against Libya. This Act allowed number of those still remaining President’s executive order, 
him to declare that Libya's are married to Libyans. Many Only journalists visiting Libya 
policies constituted “an unusual have lucrative jobs and play an will be exempt. 

The Administration has re* however, yesterday said that 
peatedly urged United States any Americans refusing to leave 

citizens to leave Libya, and the or travelling to Libya without a 
total has fallen sharply from passport would be charged with 

more than 8,000 in 1979. A attempting to circumvent the 
□umber of those still remaining President’s executive order. 

Muted reaction to Washington 

call for boycott 

By Our Foreign Staff 

on Britain 

Italy is seeking an urgent 
meeting of European Com- 
munity foreign ministers to take 
a common stand on President 
Reagan's call for sanctions 

against Libya and on his 
allegations of Libyan complicity 
i in the attacks at Rome and 
! Vienna airports. 

Signor Giulio Andreotti, the 
Foreign Minister, said in a letter 
1 to the current Dutch chairman 
that the Twelve should ascer- 
tain “the responsibility and 
| connivance that certain coun- 
1 tries might have with terror- 

, He said Italy would be guided 
i by EEC policy rather than lake 
action on its own on sanctions. 
Libya is one of its main trading 
; partners in the Arab world. 

The tensions will be dis- 
cussed with President Mubarak 
of Egypt when the Prime 
I Minister. Signor Beltino Craxi, 
visits Cairo on Tuesday. 

0 BONN: West Germany said 
' it understood President Rea- 
gan's punitive measures, but 
ruled out any economic sanc- 
tions of its own. 

“Experience shows that sanc- 
lions, regardless of who imposes 
them, have never had the 
desired result and have often 
produced the opposite effect,” 
said a spokesman. 

• FEZ: At an Islamic confer- 
ence. the Libyan Foreign Minis- 
ter, Mr Ali Treiki, said the US 
embargo would not force it to 
charge policies, but that Ameri- 
cans who wanted to leave the 
country would face no prob- 

“If the Americans want to 
leave, there will be no prob- 
lem.” he said. “We will give 
them all facilities. But I’m sure 
they want to stay. They have 
good jobs. We are happy wiht 

“This is an action against 
international law. It is not going 
to make us change our line.” 

• NICOSIA: The Iranian 
president, Mr Ali Khamenei, 
has told Colonel Gadaffi that 
his government will consider 
any attack' against Libya an 
attack against itself. 

He reiterated his govern- 
ment’s stand that “Any measure 
against the brother Libyan 
nation is a measure against the 
Islamic Republic.** 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 
Mr Charles Price, the US 
Ambassador in London, called 
on. Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday to 
deliver a message from Presi- 
dent Reagan urging Americas 
allies to impose economic 
sanctions against Libya. ■ 
Britain introduced a number 
of restrictions after the shooting 
of a policeman outside the 
Libyan People’s Bureau in 
ApnL 1984, but this time Sir 
Geoffrey refused to join a 
sanctions campaign. . 

The ambassador’s visit, made 
at his own request, followed 
Tuesday night's announcement 
by President Reagan -of wide* 
ranging economic sanctions 
against Libya. The president 
also ordered 1,500 American 

Flick to compensate 
slave labonr victims 

From Frank Johnson, Bwm 

. .. w _** Goman At the end of 1985, foe femily 

Flick, the West ooraw* all control of Flfev 

denly reversed its policy « rS*n*SeI!aiik. wh * h ... 

fly*™*** - «nid agreed 

NobeL 'ifieniiauie given to tire comment. 





• ' 

' • ...X-V 

* : •$** 

A-..", ' 

SKV i 

Passengers checking in luggage 'at Frankfort 'airport • watched by an armed polioemao. 

Britain third in export shakes 

Italy leads in Tripoli’s market 

group by the Deutsche Bank The issue all but disappeared 
which temporarily acquired it before Christmas The 

recently. But there is little doubt matter would probably have 

.. •* •: - _ u..wt art nf i « a K.» - - ■ 

zecently. But there is little doubt matter would probably have 
that it is a belated act of ^sted, box it came alive again 
reparation by Flick in response ^ yncck as a result of days of 

- l fnr mctlffl J latc-a *» 1... 

epuauuu ujr * ■ — LOU w**- » ■* '“JO Vi 

to renewed pressure for justice uppoar caused by a remark by 
to be shown to the group's old Herr Hermann Fdhrer, aged 35, 
victims. a Bonn NP from Heir Franz 

V1HUIU. A *** *»r*- . , ** *•»*« 

An' explanation less connec- Josef Strauss’s Christian Social 
ted with huxnanftananiszn is Union, the rigbl-wii^ of the 

aun MinlmvMV about .... a . niw mflKtmn 

1CU IrllAI ***** . . UIUUW, ***** -^O— ** 

that a new controversy a po ut governing coalition. 

w He toM.a m«p«per fl at the 


American investors. 

A statement from Fridmfihle 

basis”, and that they fostered 
the impression “that the Jews 

A statement trom reiamuiw rmicklvsoeak out when raonev 
said tire moi^v^ j»5ks somewhere in German 

on “humanitarian grounds . 

There are thought to be. only ttiis . _ 

about 1,000 survivors,. livingin 
a vatwtv nf countries. The 

a variety of countries. . The 
money will go to an. inter- 
national Jewish org anizati on, 
the Conference on Jewish 
Material Claims against Ger- 

He said the Gentians had 
“probably” not become insensi- 
tive to ’Jewish sufferings in the 
war “but the Jews should not 
embarass us with these de- 


' Herr’ Heinz ■•Oalmksi. the 

Hus caused the- mass circu- 

chairman of: the West Berlin latioa --BSU ttrtakejhe unusual 
Jewish community mganiza- step,, ru^zmdong a right, 

>■ « , _ i i - • — - - --- — unno nriffirum — Sf/rfV 

jcwdr cunmiumij r \-z- ■ — o m ij* — 

tjon, who had long campaigned wingpr*Mm-««?iTOHly- 
for Flick to pay compensation, dece ase d fo un der, Ax ri Spnng- 

lor rues io pay t*u mp»M«******, — • , * , 

said that the sum was not er, having been dedicated to 

reconciliation between — 


So long as it was soley owned mans and Jew*. “With his abuse 
r the Flick family, the firm of Jews, tins young politician 

workers to leave Libya immedi- 
ately or face criminal charges. 

• MADRID: Spain also indi- 
cated ns opposition to sanc- 
• lions, even though it has not 
been among the countries 

• JERUSALEM: Israel wel- 
comed the call for sanctions, 
but says it believes they cannot 
be effective unless European 
countries can be persuaded to 
apply them. It estimates that 90 
per cent of Libya’s income 
comes from oil exports, of 
which 75 per cent is bought by 
European countries. 

approached by Washington. 
“We do not think this is a good 
way of proceeding,” a Foreign 
Ministry spokesman said. 

Spain is deeply worried that 

any move against Libya will 
only benefit Arab fundamental- 

only benefit Arab fundamental- 
ist elements in North Africa. 

• CANBERRA: The Austra- 
lian Foreign Minister, Mr Bill 
Hayden, said Australia prob- 
ably would join the US 
sanctions because of its own 
vulnerability to guerrilla 

He said a decision would be 
made by Cabinet later this 
month and said he would not 
rule out the possibility of 
Libyan street attacks here. 

9 MOSCOW: A senior Krem- 
lin official restated Soviet 
support for Libya as the official- 
media main tain ed a fierce 
barrage of criticism of the 
Reagan Administration’s hand- 
ling of the affair. 

Mr Mikhail Kapitsa, one of a 
number of deputy Foreign 
Ministers, attacked Washign- 
ton’s build-up of pressure 
against Colonel Gadaffi, who 
visited Moscow last October, as 
a “policy of the gendarme”. 

He added: “We have sup- 
ported and will support Libya 
in every respect against such 
crude. Imperialist pressure.” 

He said the US was practising 
“gunboat diplomacy”, and Tass 
described President Reagan's 
sanctions as “clearing the way 
to an armed aggression.” 

aidy or face criminal charges. 

Sir Geoffrey explained the 
Britain does not believe econ- 
omic sanctions are an effective 
way of achieving political 

British officials pointed out 
that Mrs Thatcher’s Govern- 
ment had taken a stand, in 
opposing economic sanctions 
against South Africa on the 
ground that they would not 
work. The same applied to 
sanctions against Libya. 

Britain, m feet, imposed the 
ultimate political sanction 
against Libya when it severed 
diplomatic relations after the 
shooting of WPC Yvonne 

At the same time Britain 
banned the sale of all defence 
equipment to Libya, stopped 
medium-term and long-term 
credit cover through the Export 
Credits Guarantee Department, 
and tightened restrictions on 
the immigration of Libyans into 

It also warned Britons work- 
ing in Libya that Britain could 
no longer be responsible for 
their protection and urged them 
to leave. 

Since then the number of 
Britons in Libya has declined 
from about 9,000 to about 

Libya is one of Britain’s 
smaller trading partners, despite 
its oil wealth. For -several other 
countries, notably Italy -with 
whom Libya- has longstanding 
connections,- it is a sizeable 
market, but sanctions against 
Libya are unlikely to deprive 
any country of cririal export 

In 1984, the last year. for 
which complete figures ' are 
available, British exports, to 
Libya totalled £246.5 mjUion, 
making the Arab country . only 
the 31st biggest British market. 
Imports from Libya during the 
same year came to just over 
£155 million, which ranked 
Libya 28 in the list of suppliers 
to Britain. 

By Michael Brest 

For most of the- past decade 
the United Kingdom has 
suffered a- trade deficit with 
Libya, the exceptional' years 
being 1975, 1976 and 1982. Thej 
reasons for this pattern are the 
lopsided structure of trade with 
Libya - whose exports are' 
almost wholly oil - and the 
preference Libya has shown to 
Mediterranean suppliers, ... 

So in’ 1984 Italy topped the 
list of both exporters to, -'and 
importers from, Libya;- the 
respective figures being $1.83 
biOion (£1.2 billion) and $2:53 
billion. France, Spain, Yugosla- 
via and Turkey were all in the 
top dozen of Libya's trade 

The United Kingdom, never- 

by the Flick femily, the firm o: Jews, xms young politician 
always refused to pay. It had FeDnerdoes not ratine what he 
post-war West German law on has started,” « said. It called on 

■ < t ! .L. nf Uarr Qfml« I«V ' Biw T-lrw 

thdess, was. the third biggest 
exporter to Libya. Unlike the 
leaders,- Italy and Germany, and 
other suppliers -such as France 
and Japan, British companies 
have -not won- big construction 

But* they have instead won 
half the consultancy contracts 
for the big. civil engineering 
projects . In some cases,' the 
companies are British offshoots 
of • American companies, for 
example . the Lohdob office of 
Brpwn &, Root is consultant to 
the- Great Man-Made River 
Project, which will lift 
water from underground 

About half of British exports 
to Libya are machinery and 
transport equipment 

UVbL'WOl »»MI wwi-am w ' . 

its s id e, but not, in the view of Herr Strauss to give Hen- 
many Germans, post-war West FeUner “a lesson in history and 
- morality”. 

German morality. 

Israeli MPs I Reagan’s 


at mosque 

man in 
Cairo quits 

Gadaffi power hinges on oil wealth 

US fury as EEC jibs at sanctions 

From Richard Owen 

American anger at Europe's 
reluctance to join in President 
Reagan's sanctions against 
Libya boiled over yesterday as a 
leading congressman accused 
the EEC of appeasing terrorists 
and warned h that the US could 
retaliate by taking protectionist 
action in trade with Europe. 

At a meeting in Dublin 
between a congressional del- 
egation and Euro-MPs, Mr Tom 
Lantos (Democrat, California) 
said that if Europe refused to 
agree on a joint programme of 
sanctions it could not expect 
“American goodwill in resolv- 
ing current US-European trade 

Mr Hans van den Broek, the 
Dutch Foreign Minister, gave 
the first official EEC response to 
the Reagan sanctions by telling 
Mr Lantos that Europe would 
“consider any measures necess- 
ary” to combat terrorism. The 
Netherlands has just taken over 
the presidency of the EEC 
Council of Ministers. 

Speaking on behalf of the 
council, Mr van den Broek said 
sanctions were not the only 
response to terrorism, and to 
link the issue with unrelated 
matters such as trade between 
America and ’ Europe was 

Italy and Greece have called 
for an emergency meeting of the 
EEC Foreign Policy Committee. 
A group of Community Middle 

East experts met yesterday in 
Brussels to advise the Dutch 
presidency on this 

Mr Lantos, who sits on the 
House of Representatives 
Foreign Affairs Committee, 
stressed that Mr Reagan had 
strong bipartisan support: “You 
have to understand that emo- 
tion in Congress is such that if 
we see our European colleagues 
not acting in concert with us we 
will remember what you have 
failed to do”. 

^ By David Young 
■ Energy Correspondent 

Libya pumps a million 
barrels a day from its oilfields 
and could produce more than 
double that if demand was to 
rise. It is therefore heavily 
dependent on oil revenue to 
finance its programme of 
industrial and social develop- 

Like most members of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries (OpecX it 
has lost maiket share to non- 
member oil producers such as 
Britain and Norway and, unlike 
some, it has stuck closely to its 
agreed Opec output quotas. 

However, the quality of its 
oil, which suits the demands of 
European refiners, and Libya's ‘ 
closeness in sea voyage terms to 
refineries in Italy, Spain and 
France, and pipelines to_ Ger- 
many have allowed it to 
maintain sales levels. 

Libya also has large natural 

Libyan od sales 
(thousand metric tonnes) 
first 6 months, 1 985 









W Germany 




















gas reserves which are being 
piped to Italy under a long-term 
contract and has recently made 
significant discoveries off its 
coast, dose to the sea border 
with Tunisian waters. By 
contrast Tunisia, which shares 
its other border with Algeria, 
also rich iri oil and ^is, has yet 
to find an oilfield of any size. 

Britain takes oil worth about 
£250 million each year from 
Libya as part of normal oil 
trading. The exact amount in 
volume and in value varies as 
the dollar-sterling exchange rate 
moves mid the specific gravity 
. of the oil involved fluctuates. 

- Libya’s daisy-- -oil exports -to 
Britain are about the equivalent 
of a small North Sea field, such 
as the BP- Buchan field, at 
36,000 barrels a day. ... . ; . 

Much of the oil involved 
arrives via Spain, where there 
are no refineries capable of 
handling the heavy end of the 
Libyan caigoes. Britain produces 
some specialized lubricating oils 
from Libyan oiL The remainder 
of Libyan crude landed in 
Britain either passes through 
the routine refinery cycles or is 
traded-on by London-based oQ 
traders to European customers. 

Imports of Libyan crude to 
Britain have remained fairly 

(ntiDiofw of dolars) 

Imports 6,869 

Exports 10,519 

Source: Arah-Brmah Chamber oT Coovnarc* 

1983 1982 

7,568 8,433 

11,727 13,171 

1981 1980 1979 

8,382 8,766 . 5.311 

15,575 21,919 16,085 

He deplored the “European 
tendency toward appeasement 
of terrorits attacks”, and said 
the very least the Europeans 
could do was to avoid filling the 
gap left by American with- 
drawal from trade with Libya. 

(mBBons of pounds) 

- Exports to Lfeya 

Imports from LJBiys 

Source: Arab-BriSsh Chamber o* Co mm e r ce 

1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1978 1975 
2465 275.2 260.1 530.4 288A 253£ 214.3 173.9 134.7 107.3 
1554 224 342.5 74.8 46.2 62^ 98 141.7 106^128 

Text of Pr 

Washington (Reuter) - Here 
is the full text of President 

0- Coutts &. Co. announce that their 
cv Base Rate is increased from 
f 11.50% to 12.50% per annum with effect 
from the 9tn January, 1986 
until further notice. 

AH facilities (including regulated consumer credit agreements) 
with a rate linked to Courts Base Rant will be varied accordingly. 

Reagan's statement imposing 
US sanctions on Libya: 

On December 27, terrorists 
attacked Rome and Vienna 
international airports - the 
latest in a series of atrocities 
which have shocked the con- 
science of the world. It is dear 
that the responsibility for these 
latest attacks lies squarely with 
the terrorist known as Abu 
Nidal and his organization.- The 
number of his victims increased 
by 19; among them five 
Americans including Natasha 
Simpson, an 11-year-old girL 

was directly responsible fra* the 
Rome and Vienna attacks. 

States. Congress has been 
notified of this decision. 

Many others from around 'the 
world were wounded. 

The Deposit Rates on monies subject 
to seven days’ notice of withdrawal 
are as follows:- 

worid were wounded. 

We shall make every effort to 
bring Abu Nidal and other 
terrorists to justice. But these 
murderers could not cany out 
their crimes without the sanctu- 

9.00% per annum Gross* 

.75% per annum Net (the Gross Equivalent 
of which is 9.64% per annum to . 
a basic rate tax payer). 

Rates are subject to variation and 
interest is paid half-yearly in 
June and December. 

*Nw erdtnmfr available to mdividujls who ait U.K. resklents ^ 

440 Strand, London, WC2R0QS . 

ary and support provided by 
rezunes such as Colonel Gadaf- 

regimes such as Colonel Gadaf- 
fi’sin Libya. 

Gadam’s long-standing in- 
volvement in t e rr or ism is wdl- 
documented - and there is 
irrefutable evidence of his role 
in these, attacks. The Rome and 
Vienna murders are only the 
latest in a series of brutal 
terrorist acts committed with 
Gadafif s locking. Gadaffi and 
other Libyan officials have 
publicly ' admitted that the 
Libyan Government has abet- 
ted and supported foe notorious 
Abu Nidal tenorist group which . 

Gadaffi called them “heroic 
actions”. I call them c riminal 
outrages by an outlaw regime. 
By providing material support 
to terrorist groups which attack 
US citizens, Ubya has engaged 
in armed ajutression asainst foe 
of international law, just as if it 
had used its own armed forces. 
We have urged repeatedly that 
the world, community act 
decisively and- -in concert to 
extract from Gadaffi a high 
price for his support and 
encouragement of terrorism. 
The United States has. already 
taken a series of steps to curtail- 
most direct trade between our 
two countries, while encourag- 
ing our friends to do likewise. 
Terrorists, and ■ those who 
harbour them, must be denied 
sympathy, safe' haven, ..and 

- In light of this latest evidence 
of Libya’s growing role in 
international terrorism, it is 
cfear that steps taken sa fer 
have not been sufficient. Toug- 
her, more comprehemave 
measures are required by the 
international community. 

Accordingly, I signed today 
an executive order stating that 
foe policies and actions of the 
Government of Libya constitute 

Under the authority 
me by the constitution and laws 
of the United States, I have 
taken measures to end virtually 
all direct economic activities 
between the United States or 

awareness of the economic 
consequences which the United 
States stands , to incur , as a 
result. Gyilizfxl. nations cannot 
continue to tolerate, in the 
- name of material gain and self- 
interest, foe murder of inno- 

US nationals and Libya. These 
measures, some of which trice 
effect immediately, -and others 
no . later _ than - February I, 
impose a total ban on direct 
import and export trade with 
Libya,, except for humanitarian 
purposes. They prohibit com- 
mercial 'edntxapts and .Other 
transactions with Libya includ- 
ing- travel-related activities 
other than those needed ''for 
joprpalisnc. of . fo’ carry out this 

I call on all Americans in 
Libya to leave immediately. 
Those who violate these orders 
should know that, they win be 
subject ttrappsopnate; penalties 
npoajhefr returhto the US. Let 
^foe Government of Libya 
updexstand .. that - it is. : folly 
.i«tpo nsi blft torither welfare jof 
t&osc Americans stin in-Ifoya, 
and -that Libya wfll be-- held 
accountable for any attempt to 
Hunt! them or restrict their 
freedom to depart. 

Our differe n ce s are not. with 
the people of Libya, bat with 
Colonel Gadaffi and his repine. 
We have taken these steps after 
much . reflection,, and in full; 

a threat to the national security 
and foreign policy of foe United 

and foreign policy of foe Unit 

Gadaffi deserves to be treated 
as a . pariah in foe - world 
.community. We call on our 
friends in western Europe and 
elsewhere to. join -with, us in. 
.isolating him. Americans will 
not- understand -tertfrec ratfon g 
moving into. Libya to takcL 
commercial advantage ‘ -of out 
^departure. We will consult .with 
ail-our key-allies to -parsue foe 
goal of broaderlco-bperatlotL 

‘ Italy’s Prime Minister Graiti, 
in -whose country' one of . the 
recent attacks occutied properly 
emphasized _.the; . necessity pot 
only. , of coping with; terrorists, 

- bm '.identifying ; “those stater 
that guarantee ter r or ist s proteo* i 
tion and the possffiility to Arm 
hud organize tbansdves to 
:cany>out foeir' bloody, raids.’*' 

■ Gad a ffi ’sJibya is such a «tion f 
and wtf -call upon other nations 
to Join os in denying it _the 
normal economic and diplo- 
matic privilege* of the civilized 


From Ian Murray 

As the muezzin called from 
the minarets round the golden 
Dome of the Rock at noon 
yesterday five right-wing Knes- 
set members had to be rescued 
from its great courtyard by the 
Israeli Army and police as. 
hundreds of angry Arabs jos- 
tled, punched and spat at them. 

Tat trouble was sparked off 
by an unauthorized but very 
deliberate '.visit. to foe Temple 
Mount by members of foe | 
Knesset’s interior committee to i 
check on allegations that a j 
shrine had been .put up to ; 
Palestinians kffied in foe Sabra 
and Cbatila refugee camps near 
Beirut during foe Israeli in- i 
vasion of Lebanon. • 
r Thefrvfc comriuitec members ! 
had also been told by a • 
watchdog Jewish, group, called 
the Faithful of Temple Mount, 
that PLO fags and .literature 
were bein^ displayed inside foe 
great religious site. 

Members of -foe committee, 
led by Mr Dov Shi Ians ky, and 
accompanied by cameramen, 
met inside the 'walls of foe 
sanctuary to inspect foe under- 
ground caves in the south-east 
corner, known - as Solomon’s 

As they posed for photo- 
graphs, which are not allowed in 
this holy place, a crowd of 
Arabs gathered round . and 
began jostling . and pufofog 
them. According to Mr Shihuis- 
ky, tire muezzin then began 
calling cut through their loud- 
speakers high in the minarets. 
He speaks no Arabic but says he 
was given aa immediate trans- 
lation and that the call was not 
to bring the faithful to prayer 
but to call up support to At ta ck 

-the Israeli politicians 
[ stormed back in fury to 
ramplaui to foe Knesset about 
thqr treatment, while the Arab 
crowds spilled into the streets 
round Temple Mount 

An inquiry into the incident 
hw been ordered by foe Police 
Muuster, Mr Haim Bar Lev, 
who promised: foa^ those re- 
sponsible would be punished. 

Mr Shihmsky, still not satis- 
fied, now says he intends going 
back to Tfcmple Mount next 
Tuesday, with dr without foe 
J^»s^iWessing, toffnd out if 
there are^Uegal buildings*’. 

' The whole site there is run by 

the Wak£ an Islamic religious 
bust which 'Israel allows to look 
after day-to-day management: 
even though . the Knesset has 
passed a law annexing the old 
taty mto the state oflsraeL 

Washington (Reuter) - Mr 
i Nicholas Velioies, aged 57, is to 
resign in April after 27 monihj 
as US Ambassador to Egypt to 
take a post outside- government, 
the State Department said. 

One of America’s most 
experienced diplomats, ho has a 
reputation for bhmtness and 
was widely quoted as demand- 
ing that Egypt “prosecute these 
sons of bitches** after the . 
hijackers of the AdtiBe Laura 
cruise liner killed an elderly 
American tourist. 

Spy retrial plea 

Oslo (AFP) - Lawyer’s for 
Arne Trehott, the Norwegian 
jailed for 20 yens for Spying, 
are to challenge photographic 
evidence prese n ted to show that' 
he received cash from the KGB 
and to seek a retriaL The 
Supreme Court is hearing 
witnesses in preparation for an 

Yugoslav cure 

Sao Tome (AFP) - Sefior Pinto 
da Costa, aged 48, President of 
foe Central African island state 
of Sao Tom6 and Principe, has 
been flown to Yugoslavia for 
treatment for a fractured skull 
after a bathing accident. 

Kim joins up 

Seoul (AP) - Mr Kim Young 
Sam, one of South Korea’s 
leading dissidents, says be will 
join foe main opposition New 
Korea Democratic Party, after 
almost six. years as a political 

Delicate task 

Wellington (AP) - The new 
US Ambassador to New Zea- 
land, Mr Paul Cleveland, aged. 
54, arrived, with restoring port 
access for US warships high on 
fais a gMiriy, 

Chilli thieves 

Delhi (Renter) - Robbers 
threw chilli powder into the 
eyes of passengers on an 
overnight train in central 
Madhya Pradesh state, to steal 
their rash and jewelleryl 

Politician’s plea 

Brussels (Reuter) - Mr Paul 
Vanden Boeynants, aged 67, a 
former Belgian Christian 
Democrat Prime Minister nick- 
named “tire old crocodile”, 
pleaded hot guilty to tax fraud. 

Tea taster 

scow fails 
mit delay 

Colombo, (Reuter) - Sri 
Lanka’s Tee Board bas set up a 
special unit to tes: export 
samples after reports thi Tamil 
guerrillas .have poisoned, -.tea 
ship m ents ^ 

Author to wed 

. If fftese. steps' do not end 
tSadafifs T er ro rism, I promise 
you tint further steps will be 


it Reagan has re- 
expta aa tion from the 


.-“We thought June^TOttkfbe* 
trareiodoitr besaid af a 
pros conference oh - Monday. 

had nodded m 


jRSi*®' rH** k* words of 
2 f. Q ^ 2 lS«retm ; y when we 
said goodbye was tW we 
should keep in touch” but no 

new date had been set. 

■ J / Mr . Reagan said he had 

Rome (AFP) - Alberto 
Moravia, foe Italian author is to 
njarry again ax 79, -his 31-year- 
old Spanish Carmen 

press spokesman ' for 
Milan publishers, said. 

. Koine (AK - A FAI8 ret 
.from "the US aircraft . carrier 
CoraJ Sea is believed last at sea 
off Nice ona traxmng mission. 


West Germany 
(AFP) - A young thief “fos- 
anned* * an elderly -woman by 
“costing ho- wearing nothing 
jwtr basketball shoes. 

vied® u&mediatGly- 

handed over her bag c on t aini ng 







? in 



That’s the difference between the 4.9% p.a. (9.5% APR) rate and an earlier Ford Credit rate of 


1986 on all Escorts, Orions, Sierras, Capris and Fiestas. 

(5-doar Saloon) 

Cash race - 

(minimum 20%) 

Amount of Credit 

36 Monthly 
Instalments of ■ 

Charge for Credit 

Total CreditPrice 



(4-speed Saloon) 















































Customer Saving 

- *Thisrepresents a typical Interest rate of the cra&provltter for new cars immediately prior to'the introductioa of 95% APR terms on Capri Laser and Sierra models. 
••Maximum retail price excludes delivery number plates, road fund licence as at January 2nd 1986. 

And forget that these examples are based on the maximum retail price of the car. 
However; if you go along to your Ford dealer; you could get an even better deal on your Ford car and 
stffl use the4.9%p.a. (9,5% APR) rate Due to the tremendous popularity of these schemes they have 


& • 







1 ", HU* 



n - ilH »" 

nlan is subject to credit appeal and applies to Fiesta, Escort, Orion, Sierra and Capri vehicles registered between January 2nd and 
Janu«y 3^'.1986 in England, Scotland and Wales and which wJv&ymt of 

!?^!!^!^ forSle vehicles' at extra cost. Frguresara correct at time of going to press. 

- •<r .:^^^5 THE TIMES THURSDAY JANUARY 9 1986 WB&W:**#***' ■ ^ ^ ■ a 


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“Bella, bella, bella”: Sara Scoderi in Iosco’s Kiss, Marc and Karen in Tie Marriage, Peter Bowks hxLytton's Diary 

They must have known the bad weather was coming, for last night’s television 
provided several good reasons for staying at home: review by Nicholas Shakespeare 

The real life of opera (and soap opera) 


After completing Fahtaff, Verdi built 
a mansion in Milan to be his own 
memorial and to help those mu- 
sicians “who were not as lucky as I”. 
Supervising its construction he told 
the architect Boito “this is my finest 
achievement”. Opened in 1902, a 
year after his death, Casa Verdi is 
now a rambling retirement home for 
the composers, singers and prima 

portrait smiling. “He has taken away 
our troubles.” In paying their 
homage to him there were many 
marvellous moments: the sin g i n g by 
the assembled residents, of “Va 
pcnsiero” from Nabucco (“Are your 
tegs aching?”), the oriental improvis- 
ation of a long, white-haired com- 
poser and the ransacking of a 
costume box by a singer who had 

formed from a giggling old woman wedding and into their first year of 
with a stick into a beautiful marriage. 

personification of the music. “Bella, Marc Adams Jones is a pi ca*”"*, 
bella, bella", she whispered. “How honest, games-playing teacher who 

.m.. T i:i *• L.. ~ j 

silly of me. I almost fed like crying. 

Wbal made the film so impressive c^ered- into x 
was the way Schmid presented these mnt * 

people without make-up, without manv chi nit™. 

“likes rugby, beer and women 
roughly in that ordef”. He has 
entered- into marriag e instinctively, 
without much thought and without 

he says in the voice of one who might- 
like to share Marc's secret - and 
some telephone numbers. ^Yoowere 
quite* ram.” 

Certainly Karen will be shocked to 
see what Marc gut up to on his stag 

PIXar Young Artists 

Purcell Room 

Another three tftlemect imam 
made their bows u-thatehMor 

Tuesday. The mozB^onatu, 
to make * career « 
directions. at Oyndcboume. 
hot she proved an^le S 
ponenl of trotiefe* century 
American music, with a eonfi. 
deux technique and a medy 
serious manner. 3 

Babbitfs ^uwn and Prayer 
based on the dark thoughts of 
Dylan Thomas, is one of those 
works that bring out . ik» 
unfortunate expressionist ztsoca 

h3S, . ^ c ^ nb ^f tl inherit, 
aucc, but Mas MiBer did noi 
exaggerate the macahre in h 
instead she showed how beauti- 
ful-even gracious, much of the 
vocal writing can sound; she 
AISo brought oiit wen the 
gradual movement from height. 

ened speech into song. The tape. 

mean white. .. sounded quite 


MissMUIer bad better sup. 


Marital troubles were at the racing faf“? wnue ’ - SOQn<2 “ quite 
heart of Lytton's Wary (FTV). which **(•¥?- wnw h«< i:, m 
begin a new series with * arid* 
linked, via a camp florist and 
Whitehall to a computerized call-giri 

agency. Peter Bowies as the suave SSa mSSSSL 
Lytton .was a little off the peg, both in Si* rfSJiSftSS 

donnas who made up the cast of retired at 57 because “I want to retire • 1 was fifteen minutes too 1 

Tosca’s Kiss (BBC2). 

Presented by Arena - with whom it 
shared last year’s Grand Prix at 
Florence - Daniel Schmid's slow but 
ma gical film, showed how Verdi's 
spirit lingers on in the piano recitals, 
singing and reminiscences of fee 
inmates. “I love Verdi as if he were 
one of fee family”, said fee once- 
famous diva Sara Sender! who' 
suddenly thought she caught his 

in beauty". 

Music was the secret spring for all 
these people. “You'll find me singing 
two hours after my death”, said one. 
The most moving sequence was of 
Sara Scuderi walking into an empty 
room. On a table, on a portable 
record-player, turned an old record of 
her singing Tosca. “Que bella”, she 
said, sitting down. Listening to her 

peopic wimom maxe-np, wiinoui n^y lining examples. His best 
costumes and at their own pace. The ma* 7 k di vorced. So is his father, 
rrault was fifteen minutes too long, Karen, a golden-curled nurse of 20, 
but a strong pulse had been felt, become notkefely tougher 

<mai ■*“ *** ncttcd her man, seems 
Rome trembles at ms feet , sang l0 have thought things through more 
Scuden in fee corridor, indicating a thoroughly ° ^ 

man obligingly slumped on fee floor . Wn , ~“T 

■gya svssjpSffss' ■»«*» is 

WOT . gold a . boring for 

“Sf- JHS? -S? JSri3? Bribha Ho io no. a diarist in the 

HSfi Tom DriboB mould, nor like Adam 
£““£”» StehkhSfS m Vile Bodies -wbo is content to fill 
j A ^ dy *** his page with pure invention (such as 
rocks can be seen -ahead. the rage forbmUe^reen bowlers or a 

TheMarnagewzs, watchable in fts series on “Notable Invalids”). L> 1 - 
tasteless way,- but there was some- ton. who has been compared 
thing off-putting about dje undis^. elsewhere as a cross between Nigfri 
dosed reasons why a couple should , Dempster. St Augustine. and Russell 
allow this kind of gimmicky infil- • of the Crimea, has much greaier 
tration into their lives; something aims to^ writea novel ^md to see fair 
disturbing, too, in the way they -hot play. Despite gossipy and knowing 
so much played up to the camera, as ' references to real people he himself 
depended on it T ' • fefis to breathe very deeply. ■ 

of the phone-box. 

“A real-life soap opera” is how 

Not so much a fly on the wall as a 
bug in fee bed, Wilcox adopts the 
tone of a self-confessed Peeping 

record-player, turned an old record of Desmond Wilcox trumpets his series Tom. At times this was offensive, 
her singing Tosca. “Que bella”, she of six documentaries. The Marriage Flicking through Marc’s photos, 
said, sitting down. Listening to her (BBC1) follows a young Cardiff “redolent wife beery, drunken sex”, 
younger self and then, when she . couple - chosen from 3,000 volnn- Wilcox almost steams up ‘with envy, 
could, joining in, she was trass- teers - through their cou rtshi p and “Karen must be disgusted wife this”. 



Tragedy enhanced by Kingsley’s power 


; Barbican 

The stark settings fix our 
I attention on fee players from 
| fee start. Venice is black as 
| pitch, Cyprus hardly brighter. A 
. brazier burns, a golden lion 
I stares, but nothing else fur- 
nishes this floor of blade 
rectangles outlined wife lights, 
i The Venetian dark is split 
. open by fee brilliant white of 
. the Moor’s robes, though it is 
open to question fee aptness of 
, this contrast between Othello 
• and fee city. Both are civilized, 
their self-command may in both 
be a veneer; but to aDy them in 
grandeur gives a richer subtlety 
to the tragedy. 

AD Ben Kingsley’s opening 
scenes show his self-command. 
Stately and slow-moving, or, 

. when still, pre-echoing the 
monumental alabaster, his 
words to the Venetians are 
gently mocking jests. His precis 
of the adventures that en- 
chanted Desdemona is itself an 
enchantment, upon senators 
and us alike. Nothing could be 
further than this speech, in 
substance and delivery, from 
the “rough unvarnished tale” he 
calls it That is all part of the 
dry humour. Kingsley’s voice is . 
magnetic to listen to, wife its 
cooing sweetness and calculated 
jumps in pitch. This Othello is 
acting for us. He is acting for 

Before lago's tempting begins 
fee play is interesting - though 

Donrid Cooper 

The Architecture of 
Adolf Loos 
ICA ' : ' 

ings feat Loos’s central import- mostly private houses, in 
ance lies. Here photographs and Vienna or Prague, and the 
models have to stand id. But the. development of Loos’s style; 

presentation is lively, and the 

photographs as expressive as House of 1912 to the stripped 
can be expected - though some and workmanlike Werkbund 

ress and tus fines (“He could SKSiJi* *25 • "**•' 
won a gold at boring for c tgss !f__ 0 f 

n”). He is- not a diarist in the 
Driberg mould, nor like Adam SfStSSfthl 
(e Bodies wbois content to fill ^ a 

«e with pure mvention (such as 
«e for botile-gieen bowters or a 

on “Notable Invalids”). L> 1 - - m • 
who has been compared TJ£L e SS5? B 5 e 
here as a cross between Nigpi of i M *“ 
jster. St Augustine. and RusseU »»*«■ US2‘ g ^S Cahty 
e Crimea, tes much greater P 01 Midi«I > Wrijht oa 
to wr^TnovelandtoSfeS in.Mimauim fee 

Despite gossipy an d knowing s 

nces to real people be himself companaa “Filing . 
o breathe very deeply. • _ The huger pgri of Mr 

■■ ■■ ■ ■ >■ .— ■■■■ weight's programme, in wbidi 

he was sympatheticaHy 
accompanied by 'Vanessa 

^ 1 FSLF&'Z — 

de^e^om^i pure lone, remarkably free from 

sffvassa d Maa SS- , £sSS 

, .. r k . in colour would have been houses of 1931, is cfcariv and 

ft a a bit of a nuisance feat gj ven Loos’s pervading vividly demonstrated. Perhaps *9“ * nocl ’fT a 

airfai Ifctural^ * ratrat in fee precise the oddest of fee faouseTiTfo TO - frQm >? lld * Ue ^ f j he 

iZT^!f .TtL JTrrrrr J interest in fee precise shades of the oddest of the houses is in 

^“ nd w»od> which his fact jn. Paris ~ something of an 

- Si.' Jwi, hal buflduiga were finished. The oddity in itself - and was built 
sberw resolves itself into de- for feat decidedly odd bhd fee 
IO , tailed presentations on some Dada poet Tristan Tzara. . It 

of necessity to be filtered 
through other . people's sensi- 
bilities and. directed- by Mother 
people’s ideas. . of revehutce. 

half-dozen mauor buildings, looks as though it .might beJiT .^^^7 
with Skimpier information bn a more at home in the Glasgow oft 

K. n rfA.i- - roe*!.* tT.. -I natural musical insuncts and 

road repertory: Martina's Son- 
ata, three pieces by McCabe and 
a •" new interiocked set of 
Bagatelles by Flicker. But there 
was no danger of grcyncss with 
a clarinettist of such epoet. 

y ; 

technical control. 

John Lenehan. already quite 
well known as a solo pianist. 

oSXS handful' more. Wisely, _fee -Mackintosh About 20^ years ,n5unTO “ a 

organizers hxvc concentrated before ils building dale of 1925. “ch" 1 ^ control, 
on works actually built, withfee and yet is unmistakably Loo- John Leneban. already quite 
J? . solitary: but. fiscinating otcep-:. sian. demohstrafir* ugam. if v«U known as a solo pianist. 

fi° Q of Loos’s design for fee any demonstration '-were need- justified a place in the concert 
ifT,. JL it r Tribune Tower compe- ed. fee extraordinary cosmopo- because his duet partnership 

Jtinn VlftnS-' ^ tition of 1922, -.Much he Utamsm x>f feb post-JugenStil with his wife Kathryn is 

SSSrl? “ 11 bat still pre-Modca. s^e. Of relatively new Their per- 

S^^niitiefelLntS^fi^S^ ' 0000 coh™ perforated with the earlier buildings, fee Kim- formance of Debussy’s Six 

ureureeraMe regiilariy fespiaed mer Bar in Vienna looks Fpi&xmhes aniiques was disap- 
*Z. windows. Not, Loos kept particulariy ttihpting. But there pointing: it was an effective idea 
signed furStS^Snot “*>£- “J*?* 1 * - as r il PP” clic » , -.“- * -* l - . » appreciate Loos's to give fee monodies a halo of 

Si^andmanv othe? Sis rm gh t _ secip ’ for visionary grasp of scale and his briUrance resoaanc^ but other bppor- 
whSh -can beXwn. as w^S .qualities, AD fee ame. fee Trib wife surfece textures, one would treaties for ctherealness were 

tlM mSor buddmn^ ^ Raymond Hood have to make the pflgrimage nusred, notably m slightly 

tne major muioings wmen mrwvt - - ^n^ir- - • 

; cannot, except by proxy. 

; However; it is in fee build- 




innumeraMe tegtilaxly fespeued mer Bar ■ in Vienna, -looks Fptgrnphes am iques was disap- 
windows. Not, -Loos kept particulariy tempting. Bat there pointing; it was an effective idea 
insisting, as impractical as it at least, to appreciate Loos's 10 S*™ the monodies a halo of 
'might seem, for all Its visionary grasp of scale and his brilliance resonance, but other bppor- 
qtlalities. AD fee same,, foe Trib with surface textures, one would tanrties for ctherealness were 
ended up with Raymond Hood have to make fee pflgrima^ missed, notably in slitfdly 
in a Neo-Gothic mood. • ■ oneself ' ' wooden rhythms and an exdess 

The of itebniMing John Rnssdl Taylor C f spring. 

spoken declamations are pulled jaunty piano-accordion of Alan 522SS— i rn ^* caWc 

more firmly into focus, and Dunn, Thomas’.? foghorn voice jfi*®** 1 

appearing here- as part of *bdlbw6d and ’ mAU in the 
anofeerlCA “feeme season” tra ditionall y tuneless style of 


John RusseU Taylor 

spoken declamations are pulled jaunty piano-accordion of Alan 
more firmly mto focus, and Dunn, Thomas’* foghorn voice 

I’ *<'■ ! 

i - V 

i v x 

Ravelling in chaos: Ben Kingsley, Nramh Cusack .... ^rani^ltbehi^^ter 

> esf mark ofimeflectual lbdc V ndL - fixmifeehc 

t r*A Six far Eighty^Six, Thom&s ' fee avant-garde performer, even ^ J^ 181 S* 

• _ • affected fee role of teacher; rendering a version of the Beach 

t« - . ~ ' "i" ■ ■ scrawling fee methodology and ' Boys' ’Soop John B” into a- t 0 ®® 5 did, banishing or- 

iiSl ^iS?]fi?. themes of his programme ou'a" fortn ehtirdy unsuitable for the c kcstraj sonorities to tbeback of 
v^r be ^ Jtad&6u± au^nce^SnTwhk*. be ** ? n,nd achieving the. 

aevdand, Ohio, whose, record- .“ M Y m ? StSfiriS SS’S^tte^JSSan^ 91 * 

ings in the late 1970s together - were drsbrganised so I ■ ™ le - A pa ttern o f hazardously J ^ 

vSh those of such gro^M organized this one good" he riMCiirevcyres drfused by Paul Griffiths 

attention wanders dming some Clutching at rhetoric to get Kingsley show ns fee stabs of urbane tasseUed Cypriot gives a 
nerioheral stuff There is little of 501X16 bearing on reality, jealousy are fee later stabs of lift to the sort of part one must 

paipnerai Stun. 1 ncre lb UlUC Ol chnuM fKo minH Inw Th.n Up n««n,i nMh afCwf 

Paul Griffiths 

this, however, in what is one of 

Shakespeare’s longer plays - ovennim^ overtimi^ 
wtdchTerry Sds’s pro- t.-« « 

briefly recovered love. Then Mr .usually endure wfth effort. 
Hands brings horror on once Kingsley’s performance has 

Numerous personnel rimng pt legend “My Theory of: 
marirrd a jDORsiiba of diver- taneous Simultude” . His 

Jmd now bearingfee : artist, pLty me;.kt me drag you 
MIL Theory of : Spon- tiown mto my rink of de- 

duction cuts by no more than a oucocl “ r* 

hundred fin^ And after the ovm sexual suspicions, empha- 

j^isatworkfee tragedy is Si« to titisrau^^ 

overturning, overturned, and Hands brings horror on once Kingsley’s p et form at 
revelling in chaos. . ’ more wife^sceneirfelearifyihg been undervalued- in 

Suchet roots his Iago in his abuse at Desdemona that is a quarters as not showing 
own. sexual suspicions, empha- grisly parody of hus b andly thing deemed necessary 
sizing fee few but significant concern. role. If this were so at S 

gently bizarre albums and, by 
the tone Peru Ubu quit in 1982, 

bus- exposition -of- tins- theory, 
which states that everything is 


C °?S S1 ^£« and foul-tongued, he is that . course, as the young 

most alarming evildoer, the none but by &T5 
VirtiuDy unmoving, and HMtmvM*. At the death- coirvinees us that she is 

jesting destroyer. At the dea t h - convinces us feat she is angelic, the tragedy gains therefrom* 
nothing distinct* a>ta_ fee ^ are already Janet Dale’s Emilia retun* 

ncern. role. If this were so at Stratford 

Niamh-Cusadc is touching, of there is -no-evidence of it- in 
urse, as the young Desde- London. He is a man over- 
ona but by the- end also - thrown, not a superman, and' 

bed his dull words are already Janet Dale's Emilia returns 
rhl spoken from some barren waste us to fee world of human 
of Ml- rapoujc aad in tbe brief role 

Yet more painful than when of the Clown Arnold Yarrow’s 

ever-deepening opening of 
Othello’s soul. Kingsley does 
not alter his stance, and at first 
hardly his expression, but a 
cloud has almost palpably come 
across him. As scene follows 
scene fee veneer of order is 
stripped before our eyes. 




- 7T» Connoisseur GaBsry 
14/15 HaMi Arcade 
London SW1X8JT 
Teh 01-345 6431 


ROd Grayolk andtbe Gang 3 *^**d “2*.* *g**; ** 

Four represented fee hirii-water movii^ bis tubby .frame away emeigea: 1 m a tortnred yotmg . 

maifc3intdlec tual dv?y - fromfeeboard now bearingfee - P^y me;. let me dm you • G nus Mostart has been 

Numerous peraonnei c£u» fogend “b^Thony of : Spon- down mto my sink of de- ^pointed mtis^direciOT of fee 
marked a su3esabn of diver- Taneous Simultude”. His hflari- premicm , he sang with strangn- Netherlands .Opera Touring 
gentiy bizarre albaina and, by 005 expofitkm -of Otis- theory,- »^_P«MO 0 fonowinga disscy- Com p any, *i4 dfta from 
fee tone Pere Ubu quit inl98£ which states that everything is ^ tIon on c om m uni ng with U 1986. He has 

th^ hurrfthJntnnE BmIp iw ^ ripce -^tka'3oanethii»-fT c an exm e sa -bt»eso n -a h ear h . - . - therefore resigned from his 

OYertakenthe^ud rockmL * tins algebraically. A- ** B”) led The dements coolescecLm his igyndebouroe posts as director 
Thomas, who hotfspends PP fl*Yof pomic suneaL outsiandina encore piece,, a productions of Glyndeboume 

much of his time resident in fhdMht that threw oblique rays S™®** °f dmqsadrs, whom louring Opera and deputy to 
BriftmT 'dhbaikiea oh - a solo* ®f iflumiiiatibnron;fee many -Thoma* »ds hayebeen misrep- fee artistic director, 
career and his fifth ^ album, disurdities of^ *rationar\percep- . tit^mefia through- _ , „ 

Monster Walks, the • Water Pons: ; - 2? 1 ^ «ttmd for fee • Micha el Hamp^ general 

Lake, is to be xdeased nest The mufidd' subsumes was "iSS£z * ***** 

month. Butifis in performance thin indeed.;AccSipamed Sy- ■^ eaas off to »ympafeetic bera apjxmrted am^ifeoffee 
that his witty^eccentric: half- by. fee aheniatdy. dofcfol and ^ Datfd Sinclair ifeST 

much of his time resident in 
Britam, embaflaxJ on a solo* 
career ' and • his fifth album, 


Winter tions. 

absurdities of *’xationaI".percep- 

Lake. is lb be released head - The muficat f- nibstaaice was 

puip .... .. sMsttf'-Ssf . All too ra 

Tlt-JTI Hall Through some anachronistic- 

Sar.^LiCrt'-JSff. The-Nutcracker - 

Tasha FaiiWs’s “fcsbian where a couple of MJ5 a^m Festival- Halt ’ ' 

thriller” played to fan houses (aJ w j think that is what rcb ruuj — 
here last Novembw, and fee Winter and Miss Boston 

Siren theatre g roup looks set to m supposed to be) are ap- Only the pre s e nce of Elaine 
repeat t» oyct fee proachrag the end of their McDonald in the leading role 

coming fortnijfet. uiven _tue paranoid, compromised aflhir. drew me back to yet another 

Jeremy Kingston | that bb.i^SxSSSS& 

. } Dance , . ... „.t _i. 

All too rare a visitor ! 

The Nutcracker - to fern to fee real business of j 
_ ‘ . __ ' " *' ■ . tender, lyrical ladamtdancing. 

Festival' Hair That was fbrme tfae evening’s 

— — — dimax, - ably seconded -by 

~ _ . . Janette' a. Snow 

Only fee presence of Elaine Queen of unuwaBy dear. 

drew me back to yet another 

precise majesty. In fee big pas 
de deux of Act n. Smith seemed 

homosexirabafeeir unwashed the best English danrers of ber by the mefegancies afl&iaid 

sycophantic audience) d may sexism. What I abhor in them is 
well be that the same public is their inarticulacy. The 

nhimimt ni'aM iApC nieht. Or . 1 .: : 1 -a 

*?* ■ cen Hynd’s cho re o gra phy, but gu 
too httie in London since attentive care a his partnerin 

themselves «ta cnances ©i foyahy, the nature of detenmn- tape, which makes it extremely 
working out the ploL ism - are treated both solemnly difficult for the Scottish Ballet 

Pulp * mess, a limping and fiivoloudy: never seriously, to perform in England (was 

mongrel wed from two naJ> There, remains, amazingly there ever such a stupid 

decent ideas which rate each enough, something timid about restriction on subsidy from 

other's throats out. The first faring to speak love’s national funds?), 

idea is that of t rans l ating the name. 

fee emigrated to Gtagow, and McDonald caught an aptfy 
because of Arts Council red tuning delicacy for her Sugar 

Tns Worlds 'Greatest Musical ' 


idea is that of transit 
tired old conventions 
noir parody into a 

As to Noelle Janaczewska’s | «~«w« wwwumu u w a.sun»ise to see 

prodwetion, with its dreadfaj | ^ Nicholas jSisotmDtosS 

mcuit ior tne Scottish BaDet Now feat they have broken 
perfonn in England (was fee ice, ft would be sensfole of 
we ever such a stupid Festival Ballet to invite McDo- 
5tnction on subsidy from nald bade as guest in other 
uonal funds?). ballets. What a Tatiana she 

This ii not the role one would 

Cc djnd^g jiwy * ' 


'’•••'■"oSS ^rm*** ot ** t * 

^SSsSS & : tt 5 

aoeraponj w • enuc nn r m an c cucncs oi siow w part. His different approach 

Hollywood star (fee nlny Jane burns and frozen two-shots, <me Sited the uDorthodOTfaner- 

Boston) who, niiMd by the can only co n d u d e feat preach- pl aus ibfe ty that afflicted Ray- vention whidi Hynd*s verskm 
McCarthy purge and reduced to fog to fee converted will always “5^ Smnfa ** her “dmirer, of the lnllei has devised-for 
torch-singing for “ 

McCarthy, purae and redu ced to ing to me converted will always 
torch-singing for her sapper m a promote fa""*” in the puln&L 
crummy New York night spot, For the sisterhood, still waiting 
strikes up an affair with a small - for thi-ir own Joe Orton to 
town movie fan (Miss Fair* mafeijj, this is an important 
banks heradf). mhnnl ha ppening , ana there 

mand Smith as her admirer, 
Karl, or even more so Kevin 

of the ballet has devised-for I 

^7- j '***“ Drossehneyer in the dlvertftse* 

Richmond as his friend Hans. the 

But it was worth sitting through 

that fiw m n ■ n ..liTi arms wife a dancers softness 
tnat lor tne moment When the j ..L.mL jtHiti mw than ■ 
kmb xiAth and. xmaacauty, nates than, a 

The company is competed are free ertches on Friday and 
by the arrival of a trench? Saturday, evenings. 

coated, teetotal private eye (the 
amnsag Hilary. Ramsden) who S>-*k? 

yr. " ^’T mimes directness, added a 

( «SiS? h Sn5 oc r s touch of much-needed magic to 
lovmg direction) turned to fee nansfonnatiotigcenemAct 
sweetness and beauty, ■ and a 

\A i — - -U- -1* aL ■ Tnlni DaminiI 

sweetness and beauty,- and 

Martin Cropper | McDonald and Smith were ride Joh 




High-flyer in the 

The Times Profile: 
Sir John Cuckney 


T he spectre of Colonel Gadaf- 
fTs agents controlling the 
British helicopter finn of 
Westland made a brief 
appearance on the public 
stage just before Christmas. It was 

i quickly as it had appeared. 

The whole business was a 
deliberate scare tactic by his 
opponents. Sir John Cuckney 
acknowledges with engaging frank- 
ness. There is no security risk.. Fiat 
has been supplying Nato for the past 
ten years despite the Libyan 

The Westland chairman is a suave 
and subtle man. Asked whether the 
defence secretary. Michael Hcsel- 
line. had been let down by his 
Cabinet colleagues, he sits and 
thinks carefully before he speaks, 
but when he does it is with 
surprising directness. 

“The battle's been fought on two 
levels - a high political level and 
corporate level. I've concentrated on 
the corporate problem and try hard 
to keep out of the political battle. 

“Pm not an interventionist. X 
think that the more market forces 
can determine the course a company 
lakes, the better, though one must 
recognize that there are exceptions. I 
think in the first instance Westland 
should have been considered to be 
an exception. It is a company of 
sira regie importance, it has got some 
unique expertise that I think ought 

to be preserved. 

*T wouldn't have sought govern- 
ment assistance if 1 didn't think the 
Government n-asn't justified in 
trying to help. But a view has been 
taken by the Government that it was 
to be treated as a private sector 
problem entirely. Having been told 
that the company is on its own 
there's no point in wingeing about it, 
one has to get on and deal with it 

“But then the goal pasts were 
moved again, at least by one part of 
(he Government A very high profile 
interventionist role was adopted 
which is certainly confusing for the 
company and its employees and is 
really a rather sad development It’s 
particularly sad that the battle goes 
on and Westland is now in its ninth 
month of uncertainty abont its 
future. That's bad for morale, bad 
for the employees, bad for its 
commercial operations. So I hope it . 
can be solved quickly”, he added, 
with a diplomatic smile: 

Sir John Cuckney is everything a 
captain of industry ought to be: 
urbane and cultivated, elegantly 
dressed, courteous and charming 
and yet exuding a sense of firmness 
and confidence in his own views 
which inspires confidence in others. 
So, too, does his track record of 
success in the City, business and in 
the public sector. His friends talk of 
his high sense of business morals 
and his sharp analytical brain. Even 
former opponents talk of his 
“straightforwardness" and “utter 

Su- Kenneth Durham, chairman 
of Unilever, with whom he fought 
an intense and sometimes acrimoni- 
ous battle during Unilever’s bid to. 
take over Brooke Bond of which 
Cuckney was chairman, says: “He is 
a man with a tremendous sense of 
duty. He knows the game from A to 
Z. He did very well for bis 
shareholders in that situation. He is 
one of the best, if not the best non- 
executive chairman in the country." 

Sir John has not hesitated to put 
that reputation to the test with 
demanding frequency. Until 1937 be 
was attached to the War Office 
where he specialized in intelligence 

A fter a decade in the City, 
with the issuing house 
Standard Industrial and a 
merchant bankers 
of which he became a 
director, he began work on an 
impressive series of revivals of ailing 
institutions in both the public and 
private sectors. His performances 
earned him the tag “the company 
doctor who has never lost a patient". 

His first lame duck was the 
Mersey Docks and Harbour Board 
to which Edward Heath appointed 
him as chairman in 1970. tt had a 
£90 million capital debt and was 
facing insolvency. There were 
operational, management and struc- 
tural problems. Many of the board's 
bondholders lost money in Cock- 
ney’s restructuring, which turned it 
from a public trust authority into a 
statutory company with a new 
capital base. But Cuckney left the 
Liverpool docks with an assured 

His next job was to supervise the 
establishment of the Property 
Services Agency, incor p o rati ng all 
the Government’s property bujdng, 
building and maintenance functions 
in one Body. From there he moved 
to what he regards as the trickiest of 

Suave, subtle and engaging; Sir John Cuckney in the boardroom at Westland 

all his patients, the Crown Agents, 
which in the secondary banking 
crisis of the mid-70s had become 
involved in fringe dealings embroil- 
ing it in a massive international 

financial ananHal 

It took him foar years to sort that 
out and, indeed, be retained until 
only last year the chairmanship of 
International Military ' Services, 
which was hived off from the Crown 
Agents as a company owned wholly 
by the Ministry of Defence. It brings 
together government and private 
enterprise products in the few of 
arms exports and services. 

He left full-time public service in 
1979 after half term as c hairman of 
the Port of London Authority 
following the Labour government’s 
rejection of his plans to dose the 
Royal Docks. Instead, in what was 
regarded as a pre-election ploy it 
gave increased subsidy to the 

When the collapse of the 150- 
year-oki John Brown engineering 
company became imminent, the 
Bank of England and' institutional 
shareholders like National Westmin- 
ster demanded that the 'old chair- 
man, Sr John Mayhew^Sandeis, 


Bom July 12. 1825. Educated at 


Royal Northumberland rusIHers. 
ijgg Became director. Standard 

Industrial Group . 

1984 Director. Lazards Merchant Bank 
1970 Bought Anglo-Eastern 

' Appointed chairman. Mersey 
Dot® and Harbour Board 
1972 Chief executive. Property 
Services Agency 

1974 ashman of Grown Agent, 

1978 QnkTDan,BiddBig&anckSfcv' 
Development Gounttee- ■■■*• 

1977 Chekman, Port of London T 

1978 Knighxad: became chafe-man ot 
Thomas Cook enddtec&ctf - ‘ 

1981 Chairman, Brooke Bond, 

O wr^ imernatoTatMt&^n, 

1983 Chairman. John Brown 
1985 Chairman, Weettand 

should be replaced by Cuckney. 
Unlike his predecessor who, as the 
company’s only executive director, 
had ruled John Brown wfth a rod of 
iron and was widely criticized for his 
poor relations with investment 
analysts, hanks and institutions, Sir 
John has always enjoyed excellent 
relationships With the City where he 
is known for bis meticulous efforts 
to keep investors well informed. 

He is a firm believer that the 
process is mutually beneficial and 
feels that greater links between the 
City and, the business world are 
necessary. “My. main involvement 

in the City is as chairman ofRoyal 
Insurance. But I operate from one 
. .Thomas Cook. It’s thought 
sometimes that it must be very 
confusing but in feet to .have the 

experience of how another company 

deal* wife a problem is very 
valuable, because nearly always the 
'problems are the same. I_ believe if 
yon have an involvement in the City 
it’s important also to .have some 
commensal or industrial ■ involve- 
ment as weft. It helps preserve a 

■ C on s i d ering his general philos- 
ophy. on rescue operations. Sir John 
sees parallels between the situations 
at John Brown 'and at Westland. 
“It’s very im p or tant to be dear- 
minded as to where your responsi- 
bilities li& The first priority is to 
ensure that one is dealing with the 
shareholders the employees* 
interests and try to keep away from 
and extraneous matters 
which are often around when a 
company has encountered difficult- 

I t is important, he says, to deal 
with the situation as it is now 
and concentrate on the future. 
“There can be a great deal of 
wasted effort looking into the 
past. If one is having/to be analytical 
about the return on assets and on 
capital employed, yon might find it 
is in the interest of the shareholders 
to be right out of the business which 
the directors consider to be the core 
of the company. This' happened at 
John Browns. We got out of a 
traditional, business where there 
were great names in . British engin- 
eering involved. 

“There is always a tendency in a 
defence manufacturing company for 
it to be full of armchair s tr at egi sts 
who think they know what is best for 
British policy. I think il wronglo-get 
drawn into those considerations.^ 
In the case of Westland, miight 
that mean selling its technologies 

“You’d be selling the jewd in the 
crown, currently the most profitable 
part of the business, which is not a 
sensible option. What you often, 
have to consider is selling off the 
part which is no longer profitable 

even if the company bdicvw feajj. 
be the core. Yon c ouM atgae that fia 
Westland) fee part of the hnmrnij 
we would look at first for selling » 

the helicopter manufacturing 

However, in tins particular case fee 
decline in its fortunes is fairly easily 
understood and . there are remedial 
measures one can take. 

“In Westland the basic problem is 
that its industrial base is too shall 
and its financial muscle too verakto 

be in the type of business it » is. Tt 

has a great name but it is baricafiy * - 
West Country engineering company 
wife a comparatively small market 
capitalization in a high technology 
area. The international helicopter 
markets are imm ensel y tough and 
you need very strong marketing 
organiza tion. That’s way, whatever 
fee final outcome, the company has 
always said it must seek strong unfa 
with a major international organiza- 
tion to make up for itsweaknes*.” 

Cockney’s friends say that what- 
ever that outcome he has already 
proved his worth at Westland. 
“When he took over it was a disaster 

area. Today the share price bop and 
he has two rival consortiums 
fighting over what nine months ago 
nobody wanted", said Faddy Ash- 
down. the Liberal MP in whose 
constituency the factory lies. “The 
workforce have great confidence in 
him. They think he's precisely what 
Westland needs at the moment” 

Others who have known him wdl 
over the years feel that he may hive 
over-readied himself, .- 

Sir John is cagey about whether 
he can survive as Chairman of West- 
land. “The. problem is That I never 
intended to become chairman and I 
have, a number of other involve- 
ments at the moment which more 
than fully occupy me- I hope that 
Fm not neglecting them at the 
moment but it does result in rather 
long days. 

“Whether 1 remain as chairman is 
something to deride when the 
present crisis is over. It must depend 
very modi on what the outcome to- 
But I certainly wouldn’t want to 
leave Westland until it has achieved 
some stability and is safely recon- 

Paul Vailely 

V - 

T ' 

Putting juries on trial 


A report published 
tomorrow recommends 
the abolition of trial 
by jury for complex 
fraud It is the latest 
challenge to the heart - 
of our legal system 

The jury - the mainstay of our 
legal system - is once more 
under threat This time the 
attack is on several fronts: the 
Government is poised to 
abolish trial by jury for complex 
fraud trials on fee basis of a 
report (published tomorrow) 
from a committee under Lord 
RoskiU, a law lord; at the same 
time it wants to end the right to 
jury trial for some minor 
offences such as common 
assault so they would be triable 
only by magistrates; and thirdly, 
in the wake of recent contro- 
versies over jury “nobb!ing”and 
jury “vetting” comes another 
dispute over jury “packing" by 
defence lawyers who. it is 
alleged, use their right of 
challenge to secure more 
favourable juries. 

This latest dispute came to a 
head in November when Mr 
Toby Jessel, Conservative MP 
for Twickenham, regaled MPs 
with an account drawn up tty a 
defence solicitor, Mr David 
Bray, of the discussion between 
defence barristers in the re cent 
Cyprus secrets triaL 

One lawyer wanted a young 
working class jury; another an 
anti-establishment jury, but 
thought it might be better to go 
for a “young middle-aged, 
middle class jury". Another said 
that if the jury was not too well- 
educated and of too low 
intelligence they might take 
more notice of the judge and 
therefore they ought to go for 
people who were young, not 
unsmart and no women. An- 
other said if the jury was young 
they might be unpatriotic. They 
decided to pool their challenges 
- each defendant has the right 
to three peremptory challenges 
or challenges without reason - 
and agreed a joint policy. 

Lawyers among the MPs 
immediately sprang to their 
colleagues’ defence. Barristers 
from all parties tabled a 
Commons motion becking fee 
right to challenge and the 
Solicitor General, Sir Patrick 
Mayhew QC, said that as long 
as the right existed, counsel had 


at TWFFL5S. 

Between 9th-19th January 1986, Roland Mazere, patron and 
chef of the Hotel du Centenaire at Les Eyzies deTayac in Peqgord, 
wil be preparing his specialities at Truffles. * 

Perigord is the home of the truffle, and Monsieur Mazeres 
cuisine, famous throughout France, has been awarded 2 Michain 
stars as well as2 toques from Gault-Millau. 

This will be Chief Mazeres first visit to England and a unique 
opportunity for Londoners to discover the true magic of truffles. 

A La Carte Lunchtime and Evening. 

Lunchtime Menu du Jour. 

Evening Menu de Degustation. 


TJBnrtrrwnSnuaia London WlH9FLTelephong (81)486 5844. 

a duty to use it as they 
conscientiously thought best 

Mr Jessri is not satisfied. The 
whole practice of removing 
“middle-aged men wearing suits 
and ties" with - as far as 
posable - “younger and an- 
archic-looking jurors" makes a 
mockery of the idea of a fair 
trial where juries are meant to 
be selected at random, he says. 
The defence's right to challenge 
exists to remove bias; it now 
does the opposite, he says; it 
introduces bias - bias towards 
an acquittal. 

How widespread is the 
practice? David Wokhover, a 
barrister with 15 years’ experi- 
ence of defending, denies feat 
the target is the pm-striped suit 
“That’s a myth. What you do 
get is someone challenged on 
the basis of his looks; -he might 
look prejudiced, or an auto- 
matic police supporter." 

Most commonly, the chal- 
lenge is used to get young blacks 
on the jury, be says. This is not 
through lad: of frith in an all- 
white jury; but because blacks 
generally, although not always, 
are more sympathetic to fee 
plight of young blacks, 

David Wolchover maintains 
that the system carries Its own 
checks against abuse. “My view, 
and I think that of most defence 
counsel, is that on the whole 
you don’t start challenging 
automatically; it looks sus- 
picious to the other jurors.” 

The origin of the challenge 
was to enable the accused to 
secure an 'impartial jury. The 
Grown may ask a juror to 
“stand by" tor the Crown and in 
addition both the Crown and 
the defence have a right to 
challenge for cause, or for a 
staled reason. Before 1977, 
defendants had seven challenges 
but that was cut to three 
because of complaints of abuse: 

Do defence lawyers 
abuse the right to 
challenge jurors? 

The lawyers make their 
objections as each juror stands 
to lake the oath. They know 
only names and addresses and 
once fee juror has spoken it is 
too late. 

The complaints come against 
a backdrop of other contro- 
versies, most notably that over 
“nobbling”. Mounting concern 
over fee number of convicted 
criminals sitting as jurors came 
to a head in 1983, when a man 
wife 15 previous convictions 
admitted sitting three times as a 
juror, twice as fee foreman, at 
Snaresbrook Crown Court. “As 
far as I am concerned",, he was 
reported as saying, “all defend- 
ants are not guilty unless they 
have been molesting kids". 

During the same year, ’a full- 
scale police inquiry was laun- 
ched after 14 trials at the 

Central Criminal Court were 
stopped when jurors had been 
approached, and 280 court days 
lost at a cost of millions of 

The Government also took 
action to stop criminals sitting 
as jurors and in 1984 brought in 
a law to disqualify for 10 years 
anyone who had been in prison 
or received a suspended sen- 
tence; and for life anyone 
sentenced for five or more 

Judges may be left 
to detect grounds 
for Impartiality 

Anyone on the electoral 
register aged 18 to 65 is liable 
for jury service, but there are a 
number of exemptions, such as 
lawyers, MPs, clergymen, police 
and prison officers, and military 

Some critics have questioned 
the ability of juries, since the 
property-owning qualification 
was dropped in 1973. But there 
is no evidence that jurors are 
less capable or responsible than 
they used to be, nor that they 
acquit perversely. The latest 
Home Office research shows fee 
opposite: juries acquit almost 
twice as often as magistrates: 
but almost always because of 
defects in.the prosecution case. 

Criticism, however,- is .far 
from one-way. Defence barris- 
ters and civil libertarians . are : 
strongly critical of the process of 
vetting jurors. A panel of- 60 
jurors was vetted for 1 the trial 
last year of Clive Pouting, fee 
civil servant prosecuted^ for 
leaking details.aboiit-ihe'sxnHng. 
of the Bdgrano in tbe-ffflfclands 
War. Vetting involves the 
checking - of backgrounds of 
potential . jurors by . Spatial 
Branch officers, according - to 
guidelines drawn up by the- 
Attorney-Generai. Cn initial 
records are checked and jurors 
vetted for “political beliefs" 
reflecting - e x tre m e, sectarian; 
views or any disloyalty to- fee 
slate: ' • ' • : - 

The practice of vetting, 
undertaken with the authority 
of the Attorney-General for 
certain trials such as spy, 
terrorist or criminal gang trials, 
only came to light during the 
1970s. The existence of fee 
guidelines was discovered in 
1978 during the Colonel “B" 
secrets trial of that year in 
which a former NCO and two 
journalists were prosecuted. • 

The whole jury system 
therefore is set to change. The 
government seems likely to 
introduce the idea of a fraud 
trial tribunal, one judge sitting 
wife - two lay assessors, to 
replace juries in fraud trials: a 
proposal backed by. senior 
but opposed by the legal 
fessional bodies. 

On the peremptory challenge, 
there have been proposals for 
reform ranging from gowning 
jurors from head to foot so that 
only their faces can be seen, to 
curbing the -number of chal- 
lenges allowed. There is some 
backing for fee right to question 
jurors, with the judges’ per- 
mission, or-for questions aimed 
at detecting grounds for impar- 
tiality to be put. by fee judge 

The Government will be 
monitoring the whole practice 
of the defence challenger when-, 
the. new Crown prose c ution 
service gets under way later this 
year. But Toby Jessel wants 
action much sooner and is 
pressing for the forthcoming 
criminal justice White Paper to 
tackle the matter: 

,The Government has not 
ruled this out and is expected in 
feat paper to canvass the idea of 
cutting fee -peremptory chal- 
lenge from, three to one. TEs 
and other rtbeashres to end the 
right-to jury trial-wili be widely 
seen.' as arrerosion of a basic 
ofthe -legal system-and as 
: itritt be fiercely resisted. To 
. get: parliamentary support fee 
critics ffffil have to produce hard 
-evidence to counter fee view 
that- 'despite its warts,' fee 
-present jury system cannot be 
-bettered. v , : > 

Frances Gibb 

Care that crosses frontiers 

The celebrated French 

medical charity group 

now has a British 

counterpart in the 

world’s war-tom areas 

It all began for Dr John Fc 
and his wife, Barbara Stapleton, 
when they arrived in Thailand, 
in August 1982, to care for the 
sick and wounded refugees «f 
the Cambodian war. They had 
joined the French medical 
charity, ftfed erins Sans Fran- 
tieres (M5F% and had volun- 
teered to work, without pay, for 
six months in a bender camp. 
They were Im medi ately im- 
pressed by fee MSF’s ability to 
translate ideals into action. 

“Its structure wasn’t hier- 
archical”, Dr Foran told me in 
his s u rgery in Bays water, west 
London. “People were allowed 
to take on fee responsibility 
they wanted. There was good 
esprit de corps, idealism and 
little bureaucracy at fee top 
levels. It was democratic and 
financially well organized. 
Altogether, it could reach 
populations that other agen- 
das, for, various (political) 
reasons, couldn’t reach.” 

The Forans were so inspired 
by what they saw in Cambodia, 
and by what they heard of 
MSF’s work in other war-torn 
countries such as Eritrea and 
Afghanistan, feat they vowed 
to whidkii feg Engfisb-speak- 
ing world’s answer to fee 
French trail blazers. MSF had, 
by then, become a large 
organization and had given 
birth to two offshoots, M£de- 
dns du- Monde and Aide 
MSdfcale Internationale. ' 
Thus, in 1983, was born the 
International Medical RetieL 
(EVER) wife Dr and Mrs Foran 
as its directors. They were soon 
joined by an American epide- 
miologist they met in Eritrea, 
Professor Sam Tonssie of fee. 
University of Columbia. 

Professor Tonssie, who w to. 
his thirties, is now in Eritrea 
for a third time, and-' - 
founded an American branch of 
fee organization. ' Others are 
doing similar work to rjiwila 
and Ireland, swelling IMR’s 
members to five doctors and 30 

When I met' Dr Foran, . be 
had fost returned from Kurdis- 
tan, in fee western mountains 
at Iran, where die Kards have 
been waging a six-year war 
against the regime of the 
ayatollahs. He hopes to ret ur n 
there next month. . 

He_ went there wife the 

nr g« ■iwfiim^ ad jMdW tGf, 

Barbara Stapleton, and 'Nicho- 
las Parkhoese, a surgeon at fee 
Middlesex Hospital, to help at 
a number of villages along fee 
borders wife Iraq and Turkey. 

Helping hands: Dr Foran treats a, Kurdish patient 

They found one Kurdish doctor 
serving to a hospital of 30 beds 
on the front line between fee 
Iranian and Iraqi armies, wife 
artillery on fee peaks overlook- 
ing ft. Kurdish groups occupied 
some of fee other peaks and 
some shells landed in and 
around fee hospilaL - - 

“Nicholas Parkbouse stayed 
at fee hospital to operate ou a 
number of people, and Barbara 
apd I visited various villages to 
see several hundred patients 
and assess their medical 
needs”, said Dr Foran. “We 
visited one vfttoge at night 
because it was virtually sur- 
rounded by Iranian forces. But 
the Knrdish guerrillas .went 
ahead of b to mate sure we 
were safe. We left before 

“Initially ft's terrifying, 
because yon fee! feat every 

shell is meant for you. But after 

a time, I suppose tike a soldier, 
you become attuned to fee 

dangerous bang and the bang 
feat’s not so d*ngwow«" ,'; ; . ; 

IMR is now busy ttguftftg- 
another mission to Eritrra. Ana 
to Kurdistan Dr Forma .hopes 
eventually to finanra ; fee 
building of another 'hospital to 

complement oneunder -cm*- 

Stidctom by ■JMWdec fo* Jta 

He said there was stiff** 
great need for organizations 
such as his. “There are many 
populations in situations of 
great danger wife absolutely as 
medieal fodlitiesiuid wfiofo fee 
UN will not help. .In Eritrea 
you'd see a line of children you 
k new would be blind, perma- 
nently, by the time you gOt back 
to Khartoum. You-, also knew 
that if you boqgfat eye oint- 
ments cheaply to London, you’d 
rave fee sight of two of them 
for ten pence." 

Hazhir Teunouriao 



sgsrar* 75 

10 Examerate(?) 

11 Whp£T<5) , 

13 Fasr stream T7) 

16 Applicant (7) 

19 Exoihitant interest 

• (5) 

22 Huai (4,5) 

24 Field (3) 

25 Sequential (13) ...: 

1 Away (6) 

. 2 Customer (6) 

5 aStS"**" 

5 Covered walk (4) 

6 Sea trip (6) 

7 Climb (6) 

12 Wisebml(3) «pi ^ 


SOLUTION TO No 843 <4) 

16 Above «^Mch^7BS I1 M^aXrfhi f 'M2!i eiIwd 9 Assemble 13 See 
27 Delete - ■ Tasteful 24 Advocate S Stub 26 Exceed 

i52eat UZUcss life?” 1 ™ ^Groo m 4Qudl 5 Eds ■; *CBrt» 
20 Award 21 Tw^d ajf*. MEdm! KB*b l*ISd« 

1' l 






•; ■» • 



p :; • V, 

1 Csr ; 




Tar,- India, cricket .. and 
-poetry.-- The- subjects ‘that ■ 
^.preoccupy - Ro>s in 
' this book of memoirs strike • 
me as an odd mix.. War, India and 
poetry' I could understand. Cricket, 
India and war - no problem. It’s the 
crickcfconrf-poelry that’ -sticks in ' my ' 
craw. But 1 freel> admit that the only- 
kind of crrJcct I know- is compulsory 
cricket, and T despise everything to do.; 
with it. Wnen Mr Ross tells us that his ' 
book is an attempt to show .how “a 
single-minded -devotion to sport 
developed into a passion for poecy”- 
something . in me resists. A. single-; 
minded oevotion to sport . doesn’t 
develop imp anything. It has nowhere 
to go. It's like a. single-minded 
devotion to collecting train numbers. 

It represcuis a stunting of., the - 

.And in feet -Mr Ross 'does not." in- 
this volume, write particularly evoca- 
tively about cricket He writes, for the ' 
enthusiast, allowing the recitation of • 
names- the work of description.' 
W Lsden -fen cicrs will know what he's 
on about. The rest of us won'L This 
drawback is not, -incidentally, inevi- 
table. I've never been' in the saddle" 
and. I have nt> interest in chasing 
foxes, Bui Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting 
Man has me enthralled- The story Mr 
Ross ts telling - first there w^s cricket, 
ihen'feere was poetry and the war - is 
not dissimilar to Sassoon’s. And h is 
clear that Mr Ross feels a great 
sympathy for Sassoon. Like him, he is 
not -at odds with the society in which 
he. moves. He is. though, rather 
strikingly alone in il . 

Perhaps this is why, in his accounts . 
of naval hie,' he often mentions that 
people are writing letters home. For 
him . at this stage, there appears to 
have been no one to -write to. He feels 
at. one stage that," since he 
family ties, people think that if 
anyone should get hit'ii ought to be 
him. His- love poems of this period 
were, .he tells , us, addressed to an 
imaginary woman. His actual sexual 
encounters • appear to have been 

James Fenton 

■ r reviews the 
memoirs of our . . 
man who caught 

the feel of war, ' 
cricket, and life 

" I "ii'.r*. i - 


- - By Alan Ross ; 

■ ... CoQins HafriU, £11.95 

Although there iTmuch charm in 
his accoiint of childhood in Indian and 
although' description' of Haileybury 
and Oxford slips down easily enough, ; 
it .is really the war and post-war- 
sectiion of this book that commands 
all ' the interest and attention. 
Throughout the memo in poems are . 
interspersed with prose accounts of. 
the experiences that gave rise to them: 
These poems -were not all-written in 
the heat of the moment. A notebook 
was begun, was lost, was recovered 
several years later. Poems were 
reconstructed ; or confected from 
different periods- the long 'poem 
about an arctic convoy, * 4 JW5IB’\ is - 
peopled with characters from a 
different ship, because at the time of 
that - convoy Ross scarcely - knew 
anybody on board Onslow. 

Here is one of Mr Ross's shorter 
war poem s, “ Captain” s Fur. Collar" , 
Stained and wet as shot rabbit 
And his eye clinging to a thread 
Like spit, a bullseye that might 
Be swallowed whole, taking sight 
‘ with iL 
Hiding his forehead 
He picked his way from the bridge 
With. the indifference of a waiter. 

We found him hours later. 

Bolt upright on the edge 

■ Of his bunk two decks below. 

Eye dangling like a monocle, face 
like snow. 

Horribly memorable on one reading. 
Jike Jarrell's “Bull-Turret Gunner", it 
is perhaps the grotesqueness of the 
monocle image that stays with you. 
On subsequent examination however 
the horror, deepens. To think of the 
injured eye as a bullseye, -in the sense 
ot a boiled sweet, is disgusting. "re- 
present the incident solaconicaUy is 
hard on the reader. And properly so. 

• And then there is lhatiine With the 
indifference of a waiter,- which springs 
something df a surprise and which 
' seems to contain the meaning of the 
poem: this is what heroism is like, it is 
a kind of in differenced For the poets of 
the Second World War differ from 
those of the- First . in haying no 
particular -axe to grind. It is not a 
question of saying: either you swallow, 
the whole -bogus dcath-or-glory 

business or von listen to the way it 
actually is. iThey say: you want to 
know how it is? Very well then. 1*11 tell 

you. The purpose of the war docs not 
have to * be trumpeted, nor is it 
' questioned. 

Here is Mr Ross in the role as genre 
painter, or war artist: 

The Bulkhead sweating, and under 
■naked bulbs 

Men ‘writing letters, playing hula. 
The light . 

Cuts their arms off at the wrist, only 
the dice 

Lives. Hammocks swing, nuzzling in 

Like foals into flanks of mares. Bare 

Glisten with oiL tattoo-marks, rip- 
pling their scales on 

Mermaids or girls’ thighs as dice are 
shaken, cards played. 

W'f reach for sleep like gas, randy for 
oblivion. - 

(From “Mcssdeck") 

It is with the Second World War poets 
that one gets a strong sense of what 
life was like not at the moment of. 
action but the rest of the time - off- 
duty. in the long boring, interludes. 

The decent machine 
in Labour’s ghost 

John Campbell 

away from the front. And this is all 
very much pan of the story. 

Of course, for those on the arctic 
convovs there was no such thing as an 
interlude. The boredom, extreme 
discomfort, and intense danger came 
in the same triple-decker sandwich. 
The poem “JWSIB” is the most 
ambitious in the book, and while 1 do 
not think it the best handled it is 
unanswerably there as an achieve- 
ment. .And it benefits, in this book, 
from keeping company with the prose 

memoir, which proceeds with some 
lively characterization of the men the 
poet served with. 

Conditions in the defeated Reich 

were so extraordinary that they have 

produced many good accounts. 
Stephen Spender's European Witness, 
for reportage: Boll's early stories: not 
to mention The Third Man. Mr Ross 

had the writer's luck to have known a 
character as colourful as Mr Norris 
and as ruthless as Harry Lime, the 
murderer Chcsncy, real name Donald 
Mcrrell. In post-war Germany he was 
a successful racketeer, and the 
author's bridge partner. When he 
planned his last murder he attempted 
to enlist Mr Ross as an alibi. The 
story is wonderfully told. 

Finally. 1 strongly recommend the 
poem “"interrogation'’, in which a 
captured Leutnant refuses to say 
where he has laid his mines. They 
break his nerve by placing the man in 
the bottom of the ship and steaming 
out to the mined area, so that if the 
ship hits a mine the Leutnant will be 
the first to go. A vivid anecdote, soon 
told, but like much in this book not to 
be forgotten. 

Brief lives of the new women 
in the West and in the East 

Here are two extremely, accom- 
plished collections of short 
stories to brighten the .dismal 
fiction' horizons of the New 
Year. Both reflect the origins, 
education, and current life-style 
of the authors, as if- the short 
story provided a fertile field .for 
autobiography, of feeling , if not - 
of fact „ 

. Alice* Adams. ‘"was born in 
Virginia, educated at Radcliffe, 
andhves-inSan'Frandsco”: and 
her stories echo her own 
experiences ih = other women's 
lives, and probe beneath the. 
veneers Imposed- by Southern 
roots. Eastern, college, and 
California, .freedom, life is 
mosflj&ftsay ibtahese womwv at 
le^ ^'to&iur&ce. They, have 
enough money to -travel, lovers 
kirf/of husbands, bouses to live 
in: But as Jt-isl&e nature of life 
that ; -nothing, 'stands; still,.. - so 
present comfort turns ' out to be 
built o‘n earlier' pain,.dulled but 
hot for^t^uandaii apparently 
become a 
'jflSgtrfopfts # contemporary 
every option 

story -in ;'this 
jtS^^oiijyand the most sub- 
stipitirtt,'-" provides the: .";title. 


. Isabel Raphael 


By Alice Adams 

; Heinemann, £9.95 


anddthekstories ; 

By Padma Perera 

. The Women’s Press . £&.95 

. -m n?2 

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Return Trips; In' it Emma, a 
successful academic, in her mid* 
40s and married, peels away the 
layers of her past. As she 
examines achievements . and 
relationships, her fears and 
hopes for the future: emerge. She 
4s . revealed . as sensitive and . 
complex: competent, too, and 
independent as. paly a modern 
woman has been able to be. yet 
searching - still for. a stable 
human involvement as the 
• basis . of true .content: the 
archetypal '. Adams woman. 
Alice Adaitis is greatly preoccu- 
pied wife such critical relation- 
ships, whose .importance often 
transcends fee loss of the 
beloved' object, be. it person or 
place. To make a return, trip, 
she seems to be. .saying, you 
must leave where you are, and 
there is no guarantee feat things 
will be fee same when you come 
back, or that you yourself will 
be unaffected by fee journey. 
Bui with A solid experience of 
love in your life on which to 
base a sense of identity, you will 
not lose your way. 

This is a book about women, 
and, I think, largely . for women, 
- lairin g their - emotions and 
situations -wife deep, serious- 
ness, and little humour. It is 
perhaps unfair to read (and- 
review) fee whole collection at 
once; this is a book to dip into, 
to savour each scenario separa- 
tely and relish fee lucid, 
economic writing which, .sam- 

S led at any length, starts to look 
imsy. The genuine impact of 
Alice Adams’s individual style 
and vision diminishes in the 
long term, like viewing a whole 
gallery of Andy .Wamoh*/ But 
overall this is distinguished 
writing, cool . and graceful, 
beautifully tailored: in a word, 
chic. Very New Yorker. 

Padma Perera was born m 
Madras, and educated in India, 
and there is nothing she does 

not know about fee warmth, the 
security, and the frustrations of 
living in an extended family. 
Her heroines have a particular 
problem to face, especially those 
who. like her, have escaped 
lantilizingly into- the man's, 
world of further education in 
America, and its concomitant 
freedoms. Will they develop fee 
intellectual schizophrenia feat 
afflicts westernized Easterners, 
and find it difficult to fit in to 
their appointed niches as 
daughters of the . family when 
they return? Will they, in short, 
adapt to airanged marriages and 
the traditionally circumscribed 
role of wife and mother? One, 
to her surprise, comes to 
acknowledge how different the 
rhythms are of fee two cultures, 
and willingly embraces fee 
older one; another, having 
entered, dutifully, even hope- 
fully, into 1 such' an arrangement, 
flees in despair.' "You think too 
much." is her outraged hus- 
■ band’s ultimate.condcmnation. 

"You think too much.” says 
his young stepmother to 
Eknash. He is wasting sympathy 
on her, although she is married 
to a man three times herbage. “It 
was in my karma." This 
fatalistic altitude is not entirely 
negative. There is love and 
peace in these sprawling house- 
- holds, and a good deal of noise 
and laughter. When acceptance 
' is a deliberate act of will, it can 
bring joy, though I detect 

The author Tor five years edited 
the -journal of the Labour 
Research Department, a Com- 
munist front organization 
membership of which in the 
good old days, which Mr 
Kinnock presumably would like 
back, was officially held to be 
incompatible with that of the 
I .a Knur Party. Much of his book 
is spent tryiqs to prove that 
businessmen and industrialists 
get honours from Mrs Thatcher 
and other Conservative Prime 
Ministers solely because they or 
their companies make large 
donations to the Conservative . 
Party. It does not occur to him. 
or perhaps it does, that the 
honours might be for their 
worth to the nation, and that 
their companies wonld have 
subscribed to the Conservatives 
in any case, not being anxious to 
see their life work wrecked by 

In the appendix The Honours 
(Prevention of Abuses) Act, 
I?25, is obligingly reproduced. 
The suggestion that there is 
something corrupt about 
honours- to Conservative busi- 
nessmen, though those support- 
ing other parties also get 
honours, is obvious. 

Trade union leaders are made 
peers and knights by Labour 
Prime Ministers. Without the 
financial contributions of the. 
unions h controls the Labour 
Party would not exist. Yet union 
leaders are frequently honoured 
by Conservative Prime Minis-' 
ters, as- businessmen are by 
Labour Prime Ministers. In a 

certain sentimentally here. 
Clearly Padma Perera docs not 
spend her whole life this way, 
and distance can lend enchant- 
ment. But the agony is real 
when long-held certainties are 
undermined, when a woman 
can cry, "I feel I belong to 
neither world, tell me what to 
do"; when fee narrow vision of 
the prejudiced and uneducated 
.can stifle lives; when stupidity 
becomes a refuge and laughter - 
"fee only sanity" - cannot be 
summoned up. 

'_' These are very solid stories, 
written in dense, rounded prose. 
Padma Perera enjoys manipu- 
lating language, creating an 
almost tangible atmosphere out 
of vivid descriptions and sharp 
little bursts of dialogue. Her 
true values shine out as those of 
the illogical, turbulent world of 
her. birth rather than the 
sanitized West, and genuine 
affection illuminates this admir- 
able collection 

The small 
of life 

Woodrow Wyatt 


The British Honours System 
at Work 

• By John Walker 

Seeker <£ Warburg, £9.95 

rough kind of way there is an 
attempt to recognize merit. 

Lord Wilson’s eccentric last 
honours list is dealt with at 
length. Whatever path he was 
treading, it was not one of pure 
socialism: but it was not corrupt 
arid in part it was humorous. If 
you have the power to dish out 
honours why not give some to a 
few friends however odd; and 
blow the raised eyebrows? 

There is an amusing account 
of Maundy Gregory's activities. 
This jolly fellow worked on the 
vanity of the rich, coupled with 
the need of Lloyd George to 
increase his fortune and that of 
his party, by- being a title 
broker. Baronetcies • could be 
had for £25.000. .£10.000 was 
required for a Knight Bachelor. 
(I am glad to say I became one 
free). Peerages were rather 
more: £30,000 and upwards if 
the recipient was vain and rich 

enough. The figures must be 
multiplied by at least 20 to allow 
for inflation. 

Gregory did not desert his 
trade when Lloyd George ceased 
to be Prime Minister. He had a 
relationship wife fee Conserva- 
tive Party that prompted Bal- 
dwin to ask Ramsay MacDo- 
nald, when Prime Minister, to 
make Sir Jniien Cahn, known 
for his interest in cricket bnt 
nothing else, a baronet for 
£30,000. That was the price 
needed to silence Gregory after 
he left Wormwood Scrubs. Since 
he became His Majesty's guest 
in 1933 I would doubt whether 
there has been much, if any, 
btatant selling of the Sover- 
eign’s Honours. 

If fee slant from which it is 
written is taken into aconnt, this 
book is both informative and 
entertaining. The author would 
seem not to approve of honours 
for anyone. Logically he is right. 
The giving of hononrs can never 
be an exact science, precisely 
giving rewards to those who 
should get them, and ignoring 
those who should not. Honours 
are a frippery. But human 
nature yearns for frippery', even 
in austere Soviet Russia, where 
honours slop about all over the 
place. This week there are 
hundreds of people enjoying an 
extra bout of harmless happi- 
ness and only a killjoy would 
say them nay. Mr Walker has 
worked hard on his research 
and his innuendo that thesale oi 
honours continued prolifically 
after Maundy Gregory. He has 
not proved his case. 

“An empty taxi drove up to 
Downing Street and Mr Attlee 
got out." More than any other 
of fee familiar gibes - “a sheep 
in sheep’s clothing”, “a modest 
man wife- much to be modest 
about”, ”a grub fed on royal 
jelly” - this ghost story in one 
line, contains the central para- 
dox of Attlee’s historical per- 
sonality. Repeatedly dismissed 
as a nonentity, Attlee was 
nevertheless Prime Minister for 
six years, deputy Prime Minis- 
ter for five, and leader of the 
Labour Party for 20 - all during 
the most turbulent and decisive 
period of national and inter- 
national politics. Was he then a 
fortuitous passenger at the 
centre of events, Churchill's 
loyal stooge, and no more than 
the referee between Bevin. 
Morrison. Cripps, and Bevan? 
Or was he all the time a sort of 
political Svcngali. subtly ma- 
nipulating all these assertive 
egoists without their or the 
public knowledge? We arc still 

as baffled as his contemporaries 
to know who was in feat taxi. 

Surprisingly, however. Tre- 
vor Burridgc’s is only the 
second full life of Attlee to have 
appeared in more than 30 years, 
following closely on Kenneth 
Harris's in 1983. The first thing 
to be said is feat in many 
respects Burridge complements 
Harris admirably. 

Harris, with fee help of 
family correspondence and 
interviews with Attlee himself 
in unexpectedly garrulous old 
age. got closer to the man than 
one would have thought poss- 
ible; but he was weak on the 
history. Burridge is a great deal 
more scholarly and informative 
on the development of Attlee's 
ideas and his role in specified 
episodes, but he is much less 
successful in bringing him to 
life. The trouble with his book 
is that it is so relentlessly 
positive and. to that end. 
strangely selective. From the 
moment that he attributes 
Attlee's election as leader in 
1935 to his “solid and reassur- 
ing personality” there is scarcely 
a hint of fee exasperation that 
his lack of personality induced 
in many who had to work 
closely with him. Impressively 
though Burridge documents his 
views. Attlee striding the pages 
of history to such general 
admiration simply docs not ring 
true: il is only half the story. It 
actually ignores fee central 
problem the biographer has to 

For example, the 1 947 “plot” 
against Attlee's leadership is 
brushed aside in a single 
paragraph, with no recognition 
of fee very serious collapse of 
his authority that summer that 
led even Bevin to wonder about 
his adequacy for the job. 
Attlee's share of fee responsi- 
bility for the 1951 Budget erisis 
is similarly glossed over. Bur- 
ridge is blind to Attlee's 

What then were his strengths? 
Of course he was lucky. But it is 
too easy to say that it was 
simply his survival of the 
Labour debacle in 1931 that 
propelled him into the leader- 
ship in 1935. He earned his luck 
by pulling down his roots in 
Stepney, with no thought of 
political reward, before 1914. 
But his real strength lay in the 
fact that, as a type, he was such 
an odd fish in the Labour 

A Political Biography 
By Trevor Burridge 

Cape. £20 

movement. There were plenty 
of middle-class socialists, but he 
was not an intellectual not a 
pacifist, and neither extremist 
nor woolly. Was there another 
public school man in the party, 
before the rise of the Gaitskell 
generation of careerists, who 
was none of these things? 
Cripps? Dalton? Laski? Noel- 
Bakcr? Pethick-Lawrcncc? All 
were nutty in their different 
ways. Aulee put a good mind 
and professional competence at 
the service of outstandingly 
simple beliefs. His socialism 
was learned not at Oxford but 
in the slums of Stepney, and 
founded not in Marxist theory 
or social revolt but in the 
conscientious application of all 
those public school ideals. 

In addition, he turned out to 
be a superb administrator. This 
made him the perfect foil to 
Churchill during the war, but 
also fitted him admirably for 
the job of carrying through 
Labour's programme, in econ- 
omic conditions of exceptional 
difficulty, after 1945. .As Bur- 
ridge says, he simply got od 
with the job. That was fine, so 
tong as the agenda was clearly 
laid down. But Attlee's weak- 
ness began to show up when 
that agenda was nearing com- 
pletion. What lo do next? Attlee 
was ill-equipped to fill fee 
ideological void after 1948, and 
retreated utterly into himself. 
His failure of leadership in fee 
latter years of his Government 
and still more in Opposition 
between 1951 and 1955 was 
total. He cannot be blamed, 
except for hanging on so long. 
He was 67 in 1950 and his job 
was done. His moment had 

Superman or Supermouse? 
passed. But the inability of an 
increasingly divided, intro- 
verted and illiberal Labour 
Party in the following 30 years 
to recapture the moral authority 
of Attlee's era suggests that its 
moment passed at the same 
time; which raises again the 
question of Attlee's peculiar 
contribution. Between fee 
windy posturing of MacDonald 
and the shifty evasiveness of 
Wilson. Labour's creative 
period almost precisely co- 
incides with the period of 
Attlee’s leadership. Like Chur- 
chill and fee lion's roar, did he 
provide the missing ingredient 
or did he just have fee luck to 
express it? Could that mild, 
-unimpressive, frequently invis- 
ible little man really have had 
such influence? Despite Trevor 
Burridge. the mystery remains. 

Vegetable movements 

The claim of fee subtitle seems 
to be a bit extravagant - “Five 
plants that transformed Man- 
kind". Mr Hobhouse describes 
fee consequences of moving 
four plants from their original 
habitat, and of fee discovery of 
a life-saving drug in fee fifth, 
which was quinine. One could 
fairiy say feat all had a 
profound effect on the course of 
history, and feat in all instances 
•it was a case of “It seemed like^a 
good idea at fee time M'Lord”. 
in other words the simple aim 
of fee planter or transplanter 
was to make monev: a harmless 
enough occupation. Un- 
fortunately two of fee subject 
vegetables were directly respon- 
sible for fee slave trade - sugar 
in the West Indies and cotton in 
fee Southern slates of America: 
and a third, tea, was traded for 
opium in China, which - led to 
the dcstablizalion of govern- 

Chri stopher Parsons 

Bv Henry Hobhouse 

SiJgwick & Jackson. £15.00 

mem in that country at fee 
same time as it profited the East 
India Company. 

The other two vegetables are 
quinine and fee potato - fee 
first can be described as 
beneficial, fee second perhaps. 

As a polled history of the 
slave trade, the Opium Wars 
and fee Irish problem fee book 
is presented in an original way. 
with instructons on how to 
make a pot of tea and grow 
potatoes in a lazy bed thrown in 
for good measure - one cannot 
fail to learn something, even if 
feat learning’s use may not be 

Ideal new 
society in 
wild Wales 

Jan Morris 

By Elizabeth Beazley 

„ ,V“' 

slri* d ^ V *e®°'®J 9 E oUTtOD^ 

^J^vour finger^ gg 

f he ^ Y tor only y \ 

Elizabeth Beaz ley's Madocks 
and the Wonder of Wales is one 
of those small classics of life 
among the gentry that prolifer- 
ated in Anglo-lrcland. but have 
been rarer among the Angio- 
Wclsh. First published in 1967. 
now re-issued in a handsome 
paperback, it teljs how W. A. 
Madocks. an enlightened 18th- 
ccntury Member of Parliament, 
conceived the idea ot damming 
the esiuarv of the Glaslyn. in 
north-west Wales, and creating 
an ideal new society in the land 
thereby reclaimed. It was a wild 
scheme. He was a splendid 
character. You may see his 
legacy to this day in fee 
handsome small towns of 
Porthmadog and Tremadog. 
And Ms Beazley’s book has 
been universally recognized as 
doing him proud. 



Sunday January 12th 
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Last Christinas Sid Vincent, secret- 
ary of the Lancashire NUM. caused 
a storm by flying of T with a woman 
friend to sunny Tenerife at the 
height of the miners’ strike. This 
Christmas he went absent again - 
and missed what another senior 
NUM figure described to me as a 
“most crucial” pay talks meeting on 
December 17 between the NUM 
negotiating team and the National 
Coal Board. The meeting ended in 
deadlock and the absence of 
Vincent, an experienced member of 
the team, did not go unremarked 
within the NUM's national execu- 
tive. Where Vincent was remains a 
mystery. He was back in his office 
yesterday but angrily refused to 
answer my questions. “Listen. Get 
stuffed, mate.” he said, and 
slammed the phone down. 


The loyal toilers in the corridors of 
ihc House of Lords are seething. For 
IS months their work has been 
frequently inierrupied by gangs 
of workmen replacing and spray- 
ers nine the stonework. Never, 
naturally, did ii cross their minds to 
ii’mp their feet and complain. But 
now. it transpires. Lord Hailsham 
made ii clear- that his Lord 
Chancellor's department could not 
be expected :o continue working 
amid the hub-bub when the the 
workmen reached his corridor. 
Several bureaucrats were duly given 
alternative temporary offices and 
some work was put off to out of 
office hours, much to the annoyance 
of other departments w ho wanted to 
see the work completed as soon as 
possible. “The Lord Chancellor was 
certainly concerned by the literally 
deafening noise.” said his spokesman. 


Regular telephone callers to archi- 
tect Cedric Price may wonder why 
he spends so much time in East 
Crinsiead. Let me explain: he has 
nailed the sign of the town on the 
door of his London office, and when 
he doesn't want to talk to someone 
he simply points his finger at it. His 
sceretary’dces the necessary. 

Own goal 

Harrods is not the only shop 
paranoid about its name. A firm of 
Golders Green estate agents known 
as CJaridges has written to the 
Jewish Chronicle objecting to a 
report that someone had “tea at 
Claridges". “We suspect you were 
intending to report that he had tea at 
Uaridge's Hotel. Would you please 
note that the name ‘Claridges' is the 
exclusive property of this company 
and should not be ustd to refer to 
Claridgc's Hotel.” Yesterday they 
said sniffiiy it was no joke. Perhaps 
someone should tell them about the 
time Warner Brothers tried to 
prevent the Marx Brothers from 
using the title “A Night in 
Casablanca" on the grounds that it 
infringed their copyright on the film, 
Casablanca. In response, Groucho 
threatened to deprive them of the 
right to the “Brothers”, as the Marx 
Brothers had prior claim to it. 

Ticking over 

The Rolex Oyster watch presented 
by the Swiss to Tory MP Albert 
McQuarrie back in the summer of 
S4 obviously doesn't work: he still 
seems awfully slow. McQuarrie - 
better known after his constituency 
as the “Buchan Bulldog" - was 
gixen the w atch after an Inter-Parlia- 
mentary Union visit, but failed to 
record it in the register of MPs' 
interests last year, unlike the other 
five MPs who made the trip. Better 
late than never, he has decided to 
declare it this year. 


‘Time to Icr i( and buy shares 
in a tobacco company* 

Front parler 

The recent report that Alf Lomas, 
leader of Labour's Euro-MPs. is to 
sponsor an urgent motion calling for 
an inquiry - into Gustave Pordea. the 
French MEP accused of being a 
communist agent, is not without 
irony. Lomas was himself named by 
Lord Orr-Ewing in the Lords last 
April as a member of the World 
Peace Council - a body which Orr- 
Ewing claimed was a Russian front 
organization dedicated to subver- 
sion of the free world and which the 
Foreign Office once denounced as “a 
disguised instrument of Soviet 
foreign policy”. In a subsequent 
letter to The Times Orr-Ewing 
charted Lomas's active involvement 
in the WPC since it was a Labour 
Party-proscribed organization in 
1^71. Lomas, however, dismissed 
Orr-Ewing's claims as “total non- 
sense”. adding: ”1 thought this son 
of smear language had gone out with 
McCarthy ism”. PUS 

Whatever the political complexion 
of the next government it will have 
to work with a Civil Service 
substantially altered since 19?9, 

Mrs Thatcher's administration 
came to office determined not to 
succ.umb to the inertia of established 
practices. Us chief objectives were to 
reduce the role and size of 
government and to improve the 
quality of official management. 

In spite of unintended side effects, 
such as falling Civil Service morale 
and an atmosphere of creeping 
politicization, the impact has in 
many ways been beneficial. No 
incoming government should wish 
to put the clock back to 1979. Any 
alternative cabinet would have to 
decide how much further to carry 
the process of reform, and in which 

Political reformers of ail parties 
wifi want to take up some of the 
Thatcher administration's initial 
objectives lost in the impatient 
extension of executive control: the 
need to improve the quality of 
ministerial decision-making, to 
strengthen democratic account- 
ability by extending the role of 
parliamentary committees, to reduce 
ministerial "patronage by cutting 
back on quangos. Alliance and 
Labour reformers would add the 
funner objective of reversing the 
trend towards centralization. . by 
restoring financial and political 
autonomy to local government. 

A single-party government might 
well content itself with a modest 
initial burst of reforming measures. 
If. however, one makes the prudent 
assumption that the Alliance will 
figure in the cabinet which emerges 
from the next election, then all those 
interested in good government 
should turn to these issues with a 
sense Df urgency. There must be 
adjustments to the structure of 

set now for 

by William Wallace 

Whitehall and its relationship with 
Westminster to fit the requirements 
of shared govern menL 

If ihe polls continue to show a 
rough three-way balance, Mrs 
Thaicher and her colleagues will be 
under increasing pressure to make 
some adjustments before the elec- 
tion. rather than limiting themselves 
to preparation for post-election 
bargaining. Given the central po$p 
ition of the Secretary of the Cabinet 
in the formation and operation of a 
multi-party government. for 
example, it would be extremely 
unwise - even if not strictly 
unconstitutional - for Sir Robert 
Armstrong s successor to be seen to 
be chosen for his closeness to the 
present prime m inis ter. As the 
election approaches, this govern- 
ment will lay itself open to criticism 
if it fails to consider the views of 
both oppostion groupings on crucial 
personnel changes within Whitehall. 

Between 1974 and 1979 the 
Conservatives in opposition ben- 
efited considerably from discreet 
advice given by serving officials. In 
the altered climate of Whitehall 
today, many civil servants feel 
inhibited about such contacts. 
Servants of the Crown have a 

legitimate interest in the quality of 
alternative government, and this 
government should not stand in the 

Coalition government must 
necessarily be more open govern- 
ment. Ministers from different 
parties will want to explain to their 
frustrated backbenchers the reasons 
behind the uncomfortable compro- 
mises and hard choices they hive 
made. Executive secrecy will in any 
case be harder to enforce, competi- 
tive leaking ail the more tempting. 
In such circumstances a Freedom of 
Information Act would mark a 
formal change in the rules. 

The growth of a substantial policy 
unit at Number Ten has reflected 
Mrs Thatcher's recognition of the 
need for effective political advice 
across the whole range of govern- 
ment policies. In a coalition 
government leading ministers of 
each party would also need to keep 
abreast of the potential pitfalls and 
contradictions among deoartmental 
policies. Regularization" of the 
current ad hoc arrangement for 
political advisers would equip senior 
ministers to argue intelligently with 
their coalition partners on matters 
outside their own departmental 

briefs: a return to the principle of 
cabinet government which should 
noticeably improve the quality of 
decision- making. 

Alliance ministers would want to 
work with and through the senior 
Civil Service, recognizing - and 
harnessing - its professionalism and 
restoring its battered morale. Co- 
alition government would neverthe- 
less require some changes in 
Whitehall's structure and style. A 
sprinkling of senior local authority 
executives with experience of multi- 
party government might help lhe_ 
process of adjustment The role of 
the Cabinet Office would require 
careful scrutiny, and some redefini- 
tion, to ensure that it served the 
government as a whole rather than 
the prime minister. 

Within Parliament the absence of 
a single-party majority would, as in 
1977 to ’79,' increase backbenchers' 
influence and independence. The 
government would have to persuade 
more often than to dictate. Transfer 
of control of the parliamentary 
agenda from the whips' offices and 
front benches to an elected business 
committee would recognize the 
altered balance between the execu- 
tive and the legislature. Increased 
support, authority’, and information 
for select committees would help to 
construct the necessary cross-party 
majorities and to involve and 
educate backbenchers. 

The Alliance parties will want to 
make such changes a precondition of 
participation in any multi-party 
government. It would be tragic if 
their potential partners sex their face 
against them: self-interest, as well as 
concern for good government, 
should be arguments for accepting 
them as necessary conditions for an 
effective coalition. 

The author is vice-chairman of the \ 
Liberal Party standing committee. 

Ronald Butt 

Heseltine’s two 

Tim Congdon urges the Budget planners to return to target 

must repent 

As Treasury ministers ana officials 
meet at Ch’evening this weekend to 
discuss Budget strategy-, their main 
problem is less economic than 
moral. They must decide whether, 
having sinned, they should enjoy it 
or repent. 

There can be no doubt that, 
according to the strict canon of the 
monetarist creed to which they were 
once so committed, they have 
sinned. In the year to December 
sterling M3 rose "by 15 per cent, far 
ahead of the top end of the 
government's original target of 5 to 
9 per cent growth. In his Mansion 
House speech last October Nigel 
Lawson reacted to the overshoot by- 
suspending the sterling M3 target 
band, claiming that this measure of 
the money stock gave a misleading 
guide to monetary conditions. 

Every day more evidence becomes 
available that the rapid growth of 
sterling M3 is not misleading but is 
having standard and predictable 
effects on economic behaviour. Most 
obviously, cash-rich companies are 
using their spare bank deposits, 
which are included in and bloat 
sterling M3, to expand by acquisi- 
tion rather than organically. If 
sterling M3 was under proper 
control, they would not have such a 
high level of bank deposits and 
could not so easily embark on 
expensive takeover struggles. 

If surplus cash in the corporate 
sector is financing takeovers and so 
driving up share prices, surplus cash 
in the personal sector is starting to 
affect house prices. When people 
have more money in the bank than 
they need, they transfer it to 
building societies, which lend it out 
for mortgages. A substantial increase 
in mortgage lending tends to raise 
property prices. 

Id 1985 house prices went up by 
about 10 per cent, much above the 
general inflation rate. Most of the 
increase was in the second half of the 
year as a strong upturn in the volume 
of mongage lending gathered pace. 
The process has further to go: at the 
end of November the building 
societies’ outstanding commitments 
to lend stood at £6.2 billion, an all- 
time record and 30 per cent higher 
than a year earlier. 

As with so many government 
misdemeanours, the initial results of 
excess monetary growth are pleasur- 
able. High takeover activity and 
buoyant house prices are classic 
symptoms of an economy in the 
early stages of a cyclical upswing, 
and contradict the large number of 
forecasts that the economy will 
expand more slowly in 1986 than in 
1985. Already the employment 
situation is improving in sympathy 
with a better outlook for demand 
and output 


Percentage increases in Sterling M3 
(annual rate) 

farget range 6-10% 




Target range 5-9% 


Lawson: a sign of good intent 

LJnemployment fell in each of the 
three months to November, despite 
continuing growth in the number of 
people of working age. while the 
latest survey by the Institute 
of Directors indicates that more 
companies are considering new 
recruitment in the first half of 1986 
than for many years. Lawson and his 
colleagues must welcome the short- 
term employment gains from their 
monetary trespasses more than they 
fear the long-term inflation dangers. 
After all, if higher inflation comes 
after the next general election, it is 
politically harmless. 

The remoteness of the inflation 
risks is perhaps the major argument 
for enjoying the monetary overshoot 
fully and shamelessly. Indeed, a case 
could be made that these inflation 
risks - even after the usual 1 8-month 
to three-year lag - should not be all 
ihatgreaL At present the economycan 
plausibly be said to have "too much 
money chasing too few assets". But 
it is nonsense, while unemployment 
remains above three million, industry 
has abundant spare capacity and 
there is scope to increase output, to 
say that “too much money is chasing 
too few goods". 

There is a chance that the 
monetary excesses of 1985 and early 
1 986 will, in the end, impact only on 

MacGregor: will he speak out? 

output and employment, and not at 
all on price levels. If that turns out 
to be right they could be regarded as 
wholly benign, giving a phase of 
unsustainable demand stimulus 
similar to that urged on the 
Chancellor by his Keynesian critics 
years ago. Ironically, the stimulus 
would have been in the monetary 
form he once deplored instead of the 
fiscal variety they advocated. 

But is a mini-boom based on fast 
credit and money growth what 
Lawson said he would achieve? Was 
not his principal policy objective in 
his first Mansion House speech in 
1983 the attainment of price 
stability? Have not both he and 
Mrs Thatcher subsequently and 
frequently said that further 
reductions in inflation remain their 
foremosi economic goal? 

If Lawson wants to restore 
credibility to his old statements, be 
must not boast about the mini- 
boom, but apologize and repenL He 

markets are familiar with it. In fact, 
in the Mansion House speech 
Lawson did say that a target for 
broad money would be announced 
in the Budget It is realistic to expect 
some sign of penitence in this area. 
Yesterday's lper cent increase in 
base rales could be regarded as an 
earnest of good intent 
Secondly, he has to re-emphasize 
that fiscal policy will support 
monetary restraint In the 1985 
Budget he flirted with the idea of 
changing the mix between fiscal and 
monetary policies. Some observers 
have interpreted this, understand- 
ably enough, as a shift towards 
“Reaganomics", with an increased 
budget deficit supposed to be 
boosting demand and high interest 
rales protecting the exchange rate. 

It is far from dear that any such 
shift was either intended or 
achieved. But the ambiguity of 
Lawson's statements has led to 
much confusion in market thinking, 
with no one really sure whether he is 
more concerned about the exchange 
rate or domestic monetary trends in 
interest rate decisions. Even worse, 
there has been an erosion of 
confidence as the apparently more 
pragmatic view on public sector 
borrowing has been accompanied by 
asset sales and falling oil prices. 

Critics have remarked that, 
without the receipts from asset sales, 
the public sector borrowing require- 
ment in 1986/87 would be £4.75 
billion higher than the £7 billion 
envisaged in the government's 
economic forecast. Some asset sales 
were always pan of offidal plans, 
but not on the present scale, and to 
return to the spirit of the original 
medium-term strategy it would be 
necessary to reduce the PSBR to 
about £5 billion. 

No one outside the Whitehall 
machine expects that it would limit 
the scope for tax cuts loo severely. 
But some brave soul at Chevening - 
perhaps, John MacGregor, the new 
Chief Secretary - might suggest that 
a gesture towards fiscal probity 
would be appropriate, with the 
PSBR down to, say, £6 billion. The 
viability of the: lower figure in 
practice would depend as much on 
Opec's ability to hold the current 
level of oil prices as on anything the 
British government can do. 

But at present the Treasury’s 

Judged by the basic political and 
economic matters which arc sup- 
posed to determine a government s 
election prospects, 1986 should be a 
good year for Mrs Thatcher, bo fax. 
however, it has been bad. from the 
trivial and passing embarrassment 
over the chosen, and the unchosen, 
for the Honours List to Michael 
HcselUnc's astonishing behaviour 
over Westland. The Heseltine case is 
a disaster for the government's 
reputation for competence and 
reliability, and it wifi not quickly be 
forgotten unless order in the Cabinet 
is decisively restored. . 

The row has had some beneficial 
consequences, including the raising 
of the rival bids, a wider discussion 
of questions affecting European 
defence co-operation and the piace 
of market forces in defence policy. 
In the earlier stages, the open 
deployment of arguments could also 
be regarded as a healthy sign of 
Cabinet willingness to admit public 
influence into the debate. 

But any meritorious consequences 
of the wrangle, which has been 
waged by leak and counter-leak, and 
by unnamed spokesmen as well as 
by Heseltine and Leon Brittan 
themselves, have been wholly 
outweighed by the unnecessary 
damage to the Cabinet's standing. 

And for what? Ostensibly the 
conflict has been about whether 
Westland's future should be deter- 
mined by “market forces", which 
the Prime Minister. Brittan and 
others came to identify with the 
Sikorsky bid, or by consideration of 
the European consortium’s offer, 
which Heseltine favours. In the end, 
however, the decision will be taken 
by the Westland shareholders on the 
merits of the rival offers, and if 
eventually the European consortium 
were to be successful that itself, as 
things have developed, would be a 
market result. 

Why, then, could the Cabinet not 
have agreed originally, that a 
solution should rest on the merit of 
the rival bids? It would have been 
perfectly possible in a Cabinet able 
to communicate with itself without 
misunderstanding and suspicion. 

As it was, a Defence Secretary 
whose department had failed to 
promote any action to save West- 
land at an earlier stage went into 
arbitrary action (with unprecedented 
political ruihlessness) in favour of 
die European solution once the 
Sikorsky (“market forces") arrange- 
ment seemed firm. 

On the other side, Mrs Thatcher 
seems to have been motivated 
largely by her conviction (which 
may be correct but is not necessarily 
a good basis for position taking) that 
Heseltine has been inspired less by 
his personal Europeanism than by 
his ambition to differentiate himself 
from her on a winnable issue. 

She knows he sees himself as her 
rival and potential successor and 
that he is an interventionist at heart 
She has suspected that his real 
inclination, if Sikorsky could be 
headed off, would be for more 
public money to be brought into 
play. That may be so. Yet it may 
turn out that we have a solution that 
is both “market" and European, and 

could have had that option, wiih 0llI 
fuss, from the start 1 

In this morass of misunderstand 
ing and suspicion. Headline has 
been determined not to w-aiZn 
himself by resigning and has ben 
convinced thai Mrs Thatcher would 
not sack him because she prefers to 
put up with Cabinet acrimony i^-, 
have him as a focal point for 
backbench revolt. His calculated 
aggression has been matched by her 
earlier failure (bred of suspicion) *o 
allow the possibility of a European 
•■market" outcome. But a Cabinet in 
which a senior minister refuses to 
resign on what he regards as a matter 
of principle, and the Prime Minister 
apparently fears to sack him and 
accepts conflict by leaks. hard] v 
looks strong or effective. 

It is a legitimate pan of 
Hcscitine’s case that the Westland 
affair has never been properly 
brought to a full Cabinet, the 
essential decisions having been 
taken in cabinet committees. That is 
clearly the most practical method of 
dealing with such a technical matter 
But once it appears that the Cabinet 
as a whole is split on a policy, and 
that a minister crucially involved is 
publicly fighting his own colleagues 
then the whole Cabinet ought ui 
meet and hammer out a consensus. 

Only Mrs Thatcher can now. 
resolve the problem she has allowed 
to arise, which is undermining the 
government reputation For being 
businesslike. It needs decisive action 
because 1986 will almost certainly be 
the crucial year for the government's 
chances of re-election. 

Mrs Thatcher and her colleagues 
have much in their favour. Inflation 
will be down below 4 per cent, a 
growth rate of 15 per cent in the 
economy seems certain; it now 
appears less likely that instability of 
oil prices and revenues wifi under- 
mine tite Chancellor’s scope for 
cutting taxes, and a year of rising 
consumer demand seems to lie 

AH this is obviously helpful to the 
Conservatives. Yel governments do 
not always survive by boom alone. 

The government’s basic economic 
policies, including denationalization 
and union reform, plainly have 
public support. Labour's policies are 
disliked and the nation wil] not 
wittingly dethrone Mrs Thatcher to 
raise up Neil Kinnock. But Labour 
is not the only ihrear. the Alliance 
could increasingly seem a credible 
refuge for voters who, although they 
are repelled by Labour and like 
much of what this government has 
done, dislike its style and manner 
and suspect that it does not care 
enough about the things that worry 

Part of the problem arises with the 
government’s own past rhetoric. Mrs 
Thaicher has somehow to bring the 
government’s style into a proper 
relationship with its actual behaviour. 
Meanwhile she cannot afford to let it 
be believed that this is a chaotic aad 
feuding government. The Cabinet 
should reach an agreed position on 
Westland this morning, and if 
Heseltine cannot be pan of it, the 
Prime Minister should tell him to 

moreover , . . Miles Kington 

Tearing Britain 
off a strip 

I too have been flipping through the 
magnificent new edition of the 
Bayeux Tapestry and, yes, I too have 
had the thought that its technique is 
not so very Ear from that of the 
comic strip or animated cartoon. We 
can all react instantly to the pictures; 
what is harder for most of us is the 

Latin text that goes along with it. I T , j r> j j . . _ 

wonder if anyone has thought of a °d -000 AD put oul 

bringi ns oul a modern edition with r) Titan Books are high-level stuff. 

magazines in France devoted to 
drawn strips, they even have critical 
magazines about drawn strips; this 
may prove that the France have 
gone too far again, but better to go 
too far than not get anywhere. 

There are a few honourable 
exceptions in Britain. The annals of 

has to bring back the medium-term worst impieties are monetary, not 
financial strategy in all its former fiscal. A firm, clearcut decision to 
glory. In policy terms, that would reinstate a broad money target and 

to stick to it would be more 
fundamental than the most inspired 
guess about bow much room a rail in 
oil prices will leave for tax cuts. 

The author is economics partner cf 
stockbroker L. A fessel & Co. 

have two main implications. 

First, he has to reintroduce a 
target for broad money. Sterling 
M3 has several drawbacks, but so do 
the alternatives, and it has the 
important virtue that financial 

President Reagan has put Mrs 
Thaicher in a dilemma over 
economic sanctions against Libya. 
For them to be effective, he needs 
the support of Europe and also, if 
possible, the Arab world. 

Until Tuesday evening Washing- 
ton's attitude to Libya was vacillat- 
ing. The economic measures already 
initiated were full of loopholes 
through which American business- 
men could continue to trade. Last 
year US exports to Libya (including 
service contracts) totalled between 
SSGO million and S 1 billion. 

Libya depends on American 
equipment to extract its crude oil, 
from which 99 per cent of foreign 
earnings derive. American consult- 
ants are behind several pf the 
country's important projects, includ- 
ing the S3 billion Great Man Made 
River, designed to bring water 
from well-stocked aquifers in the 
south to parched towns along the 
Mediterranean coast. 

If .American companies are now 
prevented from taking part in these 
projects. Colonel Gadaffi has two 
options - either to seek help 
elsewhere i probably from Europe.! or 
to step down. Dealing with the 
second option first, it is unlikely 
that the already faltering Libyan 
economy will be able to withstand 
the twin effects of a fall in oil 
production and further cuts in 
development. Lower oil prices have 
alreadv slashed Libya's income from 
S20 billion in J9S0 to around $8 
billion today. 

Much of this is committed in 
barter trade. Imports have fallen, 
employment is no longer guaranteed 

sanctions: can 
Thatcher afford 

(hence the expulsion of Tunisians 
and other Arabs last summer), and 
the public has been hit for the first 
time in nearly two decades. 

European countries, which have a 
greater amount of bilateral trade 
with Libya, have argued that until 
now US sanctions have been half- 
hearted. hypocritical and useless. 
Gadaffi has been able to call on 
Italy. Austria, Yugoslavia, Turkey 
and. lately, the Soviet Union to take 
oil in lieu of payments. 

After the Iran hostage humilia- 
tion, Reagan came to power 
determined that the US would no 
longer be pushed around. But until 
now his attempts to cut economic 
relations with Gadaffi have been 
halted by his own country's power- 
ful commercial lobby, cleverly 
manipulated by Libya. Gadaffi 
shrewdly doled out contracts to 
American corporations, while 
American oil companies in Libya 
have never been fully nationalized. 

In 1931, after a dogfight between 
American and Libyan planes over 
the Mediterranean. Washington 
banned US citizens from travelling 
to Libya. However, the 1,500 
Americans working titers still 

managed to get in and out on special 
papers. Given their importance to 
the economy, they were treated as 
honoured guests. 

At that time the US was still 
buying 40 per cent of Libyan oil 
production - nearly 8 per rent of 
its own oil imports. This was 
progressively scaled down until, in 
March I9S2. an official boycott of 
Libyan crude oil imports was 
implemented. Licences were 
required for all US exports to Libya 
except agricultural and medical 

However. Liby an refined products 
still managed to get into the US. In 
April last year Albert Bustamente, a 
Texas congressman, told a House of 
Representatives sub-committee that 
low-sulphur Libyan fuel oil and 
naphtha from the new refinery at 
Ras Lanuf were threatening the 
survival of some US refiners. The 
authoritative Middle East Economic 
Survey reported that 244,521 barrels 
of Libyan naphtha entered the US in 
April 1985 and 298,338 barrels of 
fuel oil in July. 

In response Reagan signed an 
executive order two months ago 

banning the import of Libyan 
refined products. However since 
then Libyan oil products (in the 
form of crude oil, refined in third 
countries, and therefore outside the 
scope of existing orders) have 
continued to find their way on to the 
American market. 

Now Reagan has tamed his 
commercial lobby. He is telling 
Europe that the US has stopped 
pussy-footing and done all it can, 
short of war, to humble Gadaffi. A 
State Deparunent adviser says 
Washington is prepared to track 
each shipment of Libyan crude by 
satellite; any refinery accepting it will 
be, in his own words, “contaminated" 
and banned from selling any of its 
products to the United States. If 
allied support is not forthcoming, 
military action is threatened. 

British commercial interests are 

bringing out a modem edition with 
new bubbles and captions. It would 
be quite in the spirit of the Tapestry 
if it was adorned with cries of 
Oufl", “Harold has welshed on 
your deal, O Duke", and “Pow! 
Take that, you pig-bellied son of a 
Saxon aco m-swille r! 

People who are familiar with 
modem comics might think there 
was little comparison between the 
subject matter of then and now. 
Today’s comics are so violent and 
war-mongeiing. The short answer to 
that is that if you want violence and 
war-mongermg, you couldn’t do 
better than the Bayeux Tapestry. 
No, the amazing thing about the 
Bayeux Tapestry is that its artistry 
was achieved here in Britain by 
English artists, because if a similar 
effort was demanded today' I don't 
think we’d be up to it. Somewhere in 
the last 900 years we have lost the 
aptitude for sustained comic-strip 

Before hordes of infuriated British 
artists write in to lambast me, let me 
make it clear that I think we have 
the talent. What we have lost is a 
tradition. There is a great vogue at 
the moment for strip-draw ing 
notably in France, Italy, Spain and 
the United States, and we are not 
contributing our fair share to it. We 
have no Tradition of large format 

if a bit thud-and-blunder SF. 
Knockabout Comics put out some 
exceedingly good stuff especially 
when graced by the presence of Hunt 
Emerson, whose crazy free-wheeling 
humour is as good as anything being 
done anywhere. He also draws very 
well, which is an accusation that 
cannot be levelled at many current 
British cartoonists. Last year saw the 
birth of Duck Soup, a paper devoted 
entirely to British cartoonists, all of 
it spirited and much of it very badly 
drawn. Last year also saw the 
disappearance of Duck Soup. 

But generally speaking, British 
cartoon and strip drawing is nothing 
to be very proud of at the moment. 
Our political cartoons are by and 
large abysmal; compared with the 
American product they are largely 
cackhanded and pointless. 

Our pocket cartoons may be the 
best in the world, but only because 
the rest of the world doesn't do 
pocket cartoons. We have a few 
good newspaper strips, but more by 
oetautt than anything — mostly the 
amateur reigns supreme, and no- 
body really minds. 

Is there no comfort then? Well, 

111 Nov ««ber 1985 issue of a 
French magazine called 
ctuide Glacial (“Umour et Bandessi- 
°ees > there ' 

British commercial interests are books such ae Tin Ti«3 • 1 » mere is an encounwine 

saw ImBriSw in f£E£ >n » 

nau oi. i*53, Britain s imports tram j The 1960s threw up "no tiloited^uta 

.Ubya rose by 127 per cent -much of \ mists m Britail £ ft did iS ^ !or - II “ 

this, it seems, crude oil for refining 1 - uia ,n "****”>"•> r. «... 

and onward shipping to the US - 
while exports were up by 4 per cent 
Mrs Thatcher herself will not bow 

to rough American pressure. But, as 
Europe's most vocal opponent of 
Gadaffi, she may feel obliged to help 
Reagan, if only to prevent him going 
too far out on a limb. Perhaps the 
new US sanctions will topple Libya's 
shaky economy and Gadaffi with it. 
But perhaps they won’t Perhaps a 
final push does involve concerted 
European action. And there is Mrs 
Thatcher's dilemma. 

nd Gilberfshelmn SSJ& foXhi?!-. 

teSsS?.?? patching word. It is 

America . 

Cnimb and Gilbert" Shelton,’ raptor 
of the Fabulous Furry 

SJfSter™ Eft&SSS Uu,‘i^V^ c " d of screwball 

Shelton. mD or S J*** flourishes mightily 

bei te ^ s?t 

remaining instead a 

2ll2FJ? ere ' . ms «nificemiy ‘teden”r*The 

small corner «“t°r. in short, raves about Lijf 


Andrew Lycett 

forever associated with tiTe vrorSk Sif? h f?° ut *4 

logical Not only do they have many Sood at pictures aTwellf lf 

we were 



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P.O. Box 7, 20ft pniyV I nn Road, London WC IX SEZ; Telephone: 01-837 1234 

^Ti — : — "---■ ~ ~ • 


President Reagan has acted with 
speed and ; apparent lack v£ 
equivocation in severing ids 
country’s links with Libya. He 
has acted along, has taken arisk, 
has done so wift courage ; arid, 
for that much deserves congratu- 

As an analysis of his Tuesday- 
night press conference however,- 
this needs qualifying -The 
United States did' not cut its ties 
with Colonel Gadaffi then anrf. 
there. It has been snipping away 
at them, piece by piece, at least 
since May 1978 when it ended all 
supplies of- military aircraft. In 
1979 Libya was rfp^ g nat H a 
country which' had 'Repeatedly 
supported international terror- 
ism;” in 1980 the American 
embassy m Tripoli was closed; in. 
1982 the import of Libyan! crude 
oil was halted; in- 1985 the 
purchase of refined oil products 
stopped. 'Somewhat . ironically 
US business with Libya has risen 
slightly during the last two years, 
but only from a level which had - 
been sinking towards., zero. 
President Reagan has now ended 
a trading relationship which" 
included exports valued last -year 
at $300in and imports at $35mi . 

He has finally taken the bull 
by the horns,, but. he :and‘ 
President Carter before him had 
been relentlessly twisting its tail 
for eight years. Indeed, if one 
were looking for an argument 
against the use of economic 
sanctions as a weapon against ' 
international terrorism, the 
American experience would 
make very good material. The 
measures which were announced - 
this week completes a -strategy 
which so fer has not worked. Nor 
will it now. 

But to see them in that light, 
as his attics imdoubtedlywill, is - 
not entirely Sir. They arc not 
like yesterday’s unprecedented 

' tightening ofyscamty at Heaih- 
tow 1 - aimed at preventing - 
terrorist attack^ They should be 
■viewed not so much asaimeans' 
,.t6:. : ap. end,, but an "end 1 in' 
s themselves - the slamming rtf. a : 
door by one nation , on . another . 
■ with, which it no longer wants to 
• deal It is legitimate, understand-* 

- able — and asks questions of us 

all ‘ . : 

. . Britain broke off diplomatic - 
. relations with iibya-in 1984 after 
the ., shooting : in St James’s 
Square of WPC Yvonne Fletcher 

- - an act ^ which by Its brutality, 
and irrationality exemplified - all 
that is worst about the Gadaffi 
regime. But theGovemment did’ 
not go so far ias -to force the 
British community there to leave 
r- except in so fir that the 
Foreign Office advised the 9,000 
British expatriates to “consider, 
lhear position very carefully**. 
Some 5,000 are stiH there. . 

.-.Nor did Britain end its trade. 
Between January -and October 
last year we still sold £1553in 
worth of exports to Libya, and 
imported, £246. 5m worth . in 
return - -virtually all of this in 
the form of oiL These figures, 
which made Libya, our 40th 
biggest market overseas, rep- 
'resent’ the kind of relationship 
which Britain, in. , the ' right 
circumstances, could just afford 
to forgo. Should we then do the 
same -- and show our solidarity 
with the V^hite House? - 
That we are unlikely to do so 
has ahtiady- been made dear by 

- the Government’s opposition to 
.economic sanctions. It te still 
more dear that bur European 
partners : would not join - 
particularly countries life Italy 
and West Germany which in one 
way or another have consider- 
ably larger investment in Libya. 
It was this reality which lay 
behind President Reagan's de- 

cision to go it alone - despite a 
forlorn- ' call for allied help. 
Britain is not at the centre of tms 
-particular row with Libya. It is to 
-be hoped, : however, that the 
.American move will not. lead to 
an . undignified scramble in 
Europe for the small amount of 
. business now going begging. 

Another thing Britain might 
do . is to urge its European 
partners, with the requisite tact, 
.to control more efficiently the 
migration , of Libyans to and 
from their capitals. Gadaffi still 
pursues a policy of. fighting his 
own enemies on foreign fields. 
Since . Britain imposed tight 
restrictions on visas for Libyans 
in 1984 - and monitored more 
dosdy the movements of those 
who filtered through the net, the 
activities of the colonel's “hit 
squads’* have been contained. 
But proof of their existence still 
arises -from .time to time in other 
parts of Europe. ' 

Sir Geoffiby Howe should also 
urge the Americans to avoid the 
kind of sabre-rattling exercises as 
those last week in the Mediter- 
ranean. These actually had the 
effect of rallying Islamic coun- 
tries behind Gadaffi, although 
many of them have long-stand- 
ing grievances against ms coun- 
try. Oiir aim-should be to isolate 
him not win him support. If 
military action -is appropriate it 
should be swgjcal and swift - 
and. carried out against the Abu 
Nidal bases deep in Libya. For 
political and operational reasons 
the country best equipped to 
carry this otit is Israel. Politically 
its involvement would be fer less 
damaging. Operationally, they 
axe fer better at it. 

As Sot. the Americans, they 
have turned their bade oh 
Gadaffi, and, with some dignity, 
walked away. There is at this 
moment title else they should do. 


Of all the bitter ethnic conflicts 
which divide the people of South 
Asia, none, perhaps, seems so 
intractable as the ritt between Sri 
Lanka’s. Sinhalese and' Tamil 1 
communities. For the last two 
years the island has erosted ph 
the brink of rivti -war whilst the 
indisriplined arined forces of the 
State and thie equally merciless 
Tamil terrorists have indiscrimi- 
nately attacked .innocent civ- 
ilians. Merer than a thousand 
people have lost their lives. Sri 
Lanka’s famed serendipity has 
been reduced- to mayhem and 

Hope , for a soiution surfaced 
six months ago when peace talks 
sponsored by Rajiv Gandhi’s 
Indian government offered the 
.possibility of- a resolution 
between the Tamil demands for 
a separate country, Edam, - and 
the Sri Lankan . government's 
determination to retain central 
control over the unitary political 
structure of the island. But now 
even that possibility is receding. 
Anxious efforts are presently 
under way ‘ in Colombo-^ to 
prevent the talks collapsing 

The problem goes.badc to the 
country’s independence in 1948. 
Under British rule .the Tamil 
community, which was enter- 
prising and diligent, achieved 
considerable • prominence in 
commercial and public life. After 
independence successive govern- 
ments sought to promote thc^ 
majority Sinhala community. . 
The Tamils were made to fed 
discriminated, and over succeed- 
ing decades thift slowly, turned 
into alienation. In 1983 with the. 
massacr e of Tamils in 1 the. 
southern half-of the island the, 
links between its races snapped. 
Last year the Tamils demanded 
recognition of themslves as a 

separate nation and their prov- 
ince, as a separate homeland. 
Since then the conflict has been 
unrelenting, with both sides 
seeking a military resolution of 
' the rift.- - 

~ Worried, however, by the 
manner -in r Which -Sri 'Lanka’s 
conflict ‘might '■* r ever b erate 
through India’s own southern 
. Tamil population, Mr Gandhi 
last summer offered to sponsor 
peace talks. The Indians prom- 
ised to try to persuade the 
Tamils to give up their daim to 
Edam and to accept a cease fixe 
in return for a devolution of 
power by the government in 
Colombo. - A-- ceasefire -was 
agreed.. The Tamils informally 
indicated their willingness to 
accept a negotiated settlement 
but the Sri Lankan government 
has been reluctant to offer 
suitable ' terms. In November, 
after a series of abortive tails, 
President Jayawardene proposal 
a measure of provincial auton- 
omy. He offered the Tamils a 
provincial council under an 
elected chief minister with pow- 
ers to control subjects such as 
health, primary education and 
Aavic maintenance; 

In Tamil eyes, however, it was 
inadequate. Ttey insisted upon 
two ; further - conditions: the 
linking of the north arid east of 
Sri I-anira into a single Tamil- 
speaking province and powers 
for' the provincial council to 
.control land settlement and law 
and order. As the Indians have 
made dear that they do not 
: support the Tamil chum to the 
east, the real sticking point 
between the two rides is the issue 
of greater powers for the provin- 
cial council. 

. In theory this/would suggest 
that a resolution of the conflict 
could be around the corner. In. 
practice it is in fact as far away as 

it ever was. For what ought not 
to be an insurmountable hurdle 
seems unfortunately to have 
-become one. President Jayawar- 
dene appears to be about to 
reject any enhancement of the 
proposed provincial powers. He 
bfclieves that the island’s Sinhala 
electorate; would never accept 
such sharing of government with 
the Tamils. He claims that they 
would view it as a serious threat 
to their cherished identity. And 
the President, who is nearly 
eighty, seems to lack either the 
courage or the virion to rise 
above such sentiments in an act 
of national statesmanship. 

After six months of effort Mr 
Gandhf s advisers have let it be 
known that if the Sri Lankan 
Government rejects this primary 
'Condition for a peaceful settle- 
ment the Indians will call off the 
peace, process. Already Mr 
Gandhi has lost considerable 
support from India’s forty mfl- 
tion Tamils and feces growing 
opposition in his own Congress 
party for his policies. They view 
the restraints he has placed on 
the Tamil guerrilla groups in the 
hope of securing a deal ' as 

Yet if the peace process is 
called off. the conflict in Sri 
T-anka between its bitterly-div- 
ided communities will rapidly 
grow. The island could easily 
succumb to civil war. People are 
already talking of a possible 
Lebanonization of the country. 
Despite Indian protestations to 
the contrary, . Mr Gandhi may 
find it impossible to stand by ff 
Sri Lanka’s Tamils are killed in 
increasing numbers. January 
1986 may well prove to be the 
last opportunity to save Sri 
Lanka. The onus rests squarely 
on . President Jayawardene’s 


The Marquess of Blandfbrd is; 
not the first scih of an ancient 
house to be branded a common 
criminal, nor the first heroin 
addict to be jailed for breaking a 
probation order. But the story . of 
“how the highest in the land'can 
fall to the lowest when, drugs are 
taken” has an irresistibl e app eaL 
All but one popular newspaper 
had it as front page .'news 
yesterday - complete with 1 the 
grim architectural symmetry 
between Blenheim Palace,- to 
which the Marquess is heir, and; 
Pentonville Prison, which will be 
his home for the coming months." 

Of course, Horsefexry Road 
Magistrate, Mr Eric Crpwther, 
deliberately chose his words to 
have a deterrent effect Accord- 

ing to .figures in Social -Trends, 
published yesterday, addiction to 
narcotic drugs is double what it 
was in 1982. Nine out of 10 of 
the 5,415 new addicts notified in 
. 1984 claim addiction to heroin. 
AH, • the J official figures’ are 
^accepted to be a mere fraction of 
the true level of the problem. .7* 
Lord Blandford’s sentence; 
comes at a time when the. 
- Government is at the height of 
' an anti-drugs campaign. While 
the Home Office Minister, Mr 
David Mefldr, legislates and 
lectures "on the prevention of 
trafficking it is useful to have the . 
reminder, that , the simple use of 

, illegal drugs is an illegal act -and 

that all are equal before this 
same law. The example of Lord 

Blandford is not likely to have-a 
major impact on the mass of 
today's would-be drug users. The 
fallen playboy aristocrat is on 
another . planet as fer as the 
heroin users -in Toxteth are 
concerned. He is not a pop star; 
he is not a.sporting hero. For the 
magistrate to call -him “one of 
the most powerful men in the 
land" 'is to strain credulity. 
Nonetheless, the' sentence was 
not itself exeinplarily punitive. 
The scion of Blenheim need 
have no sense of injury on his 
own account If like so many of 
-his illustrious forebears, he can 
be a useful example to the 
cation, that is at least a small 
gain fit>m one more British drug 

Dae for shunting? 

•' v From Miss C. Reneson Keen 

Sir, Your picture (December 30) of 
; the splendid Flying . Sco t s m an 
leaving Marylebone station must 
-- gladden the heart of anyone^.who. 
r * <■’ wants the best of our railway history 
. : to be preserved in working order. . . 

'! Marylebone 'station at • present 
\v- . provides the volunteers who restore. 

and maintain such engines and the 
engines" themselves wife a home. If 
British Rail’s present plan to dose 
fee station completely is approved 
by the Government, where in central 
London can fee work be continued? - 
The St .Marylebone Sodety has 
’recommendcd fejrt u rail service be- 
'-retained and continue to serve fee 
1,600 .daily passengers as well -as: 
providing fo rflftfea for locomotive, 
restoration and - fee very -popular 


Tunnel vision on the Channel link 

From the Chairman qf the National 
Coal Board 

Sir, Your leading article on fee fixed 
link (January 7) has isolated fee 
questions to be answered. Having 
initiated the EuroRoute scheme in 
1980, could X make some obser- 

r-hanf ifft travel is now dominated 
by 21 miffion surface passengers and 
23 million tonnes of iinitimri freight 
earned by road. A civil engineering 
solution wife minimum obstruction 
to Channel shipping which competi- 
tively allows this traffic to drive 
freely across and provides a rail 
facility for fest tracked systems as 
they may develop into the next 
century - and privately financeable 
- were fee. criteria used in the design 
of EuroRoute. 

The finance of construction in 
major projects is critically depen- 
dent on speed and a tight timetable. 
To be successful dictates a high 
degree of prefebrication not prone to 
industrial disruption. Submerged 
tubes for the underwater section 
provide additional benefits of 
thousands : of jobs in shipyards 
around fee country. The technology 
is common in the USA and has a 
record of. completion on time and 
within budget and avoids cost and 
time unpredictability of long bored 

High standards for ventilation for 
EuroRoute, phis the unknown 
psychological problems of driving 
long distances underground, led us 
to keep the traffic in fee open air 
and reject the impractical idea of a 
tunnel about three times longer than 
the longest passenger-carrying tun-, 
nel in fee world. Road bridges led 
from fee coasts to offshore oil 
platform-type islands where the 
tunnel uniter the sea lanes com- 

The design rives control to 
construction performance. Even 
with conservative assumptions, 
revenues finance the project robust- 
ly. Since I discontinued my own 
immediate involvement with fee 
project, milli ons of pounds have 
been spent on design development 
and many major consulting firms in 
Britain, France and fee USA have 
been employed to establish that fee 
project u wholly viable as a road 
and rail scheme within fee guide- 
lines laid down by the two 
governments, justifying the Govern- 
ment’s determination to reach a 
speedy conclusion on the form of 
link. It would be regrettable if any 
partially developed and totally 
untried concepts were allowed to 
vitiate the decision-making process 
at a time when a decision is 

In conclusion, my career has 
involved me wife, underground 
tunnelling. .several, -decades. 
Today I preside over more tunnel- 
ling work than any man alive. 
Experience makes me allergic to 
bored tunnels and their one 
certainty - their total unpredictabi- 
lity in safety, time and cost. 


IAN MacGREGOR, Chairman, 
National Coal Board, 

Hobart House, 

Grosvenor Place, SW1. 

From Sir Harold Harding, FJing 
Sir, May a veteran consultant to fee 
Channel Tunnel Study Group from 
1 958 to 1 972 venture a cool opinion, 
.having helped our man y inter- 
national experts to study impartially 
eight solutions, including the com- 
bined bridge -tunnel-bridge solution. 

In over 50 years’ experience I 
visited eight different forms of 
immersed tunnel under construc- 
tion, including Chesapeake Bay, Los 
Angeles, four in Holland, Dublin 
and under fee Seine in Paris. I also 
urged fee GLC to consider an 
immersed tunnel to Thaxnesmead so 
am an enthusiast for immersed tun- 
neb in fee right conditions, in spite 
of a wide experience in bored ones. 

I would wish fee Minister of 
Transport to consider fee views of 

French engineers, having worked 

wife them for many years and found 
them highly intelligent and practical 
Their ' view is the same as we 
expressed in our report in 1960. The 
cheapest form of construction 
yielding the quickest return on 
invested capital was a twin railway 
tunnel which could cany, with 
modem signalling, one tram every 
five -minutes and also carry 1,800 
vehicles per hour in either direction. 

So let us restart the tunnelling 
which was going so well until the 
labour Government stopped it, 
although by private finance, m 1 975; 
also keep fee femes. They have been 
their own worst enemies in their 
vocal opposition. The two together 
will meet all our needs for all sorts of 
vehicles, at half the other suggested 

The EuroRoute handout suffers 
from over-enthusiasm and a tend- 
ency to brush aside the many 
twrhnirai problems, which do not 
occur wife fee frilly explored lower 
chalk in the bored tunnel - possibly, 
from my experience, fee most 
perfect material for machine-bored 
tunnelling in the world. 

I ' fear, like the French, feat 
enthusiasm has led to under-esti- 
mating in fee hope of beating the 
rival solution. Among much else 
there are 100 ships in a peak hour 
pasting the straits, with 143 known 
wrecks in the sea-bed among all the 
cables, wife extraordinary current 
fluctuations, an up-and-down sea- 
bed, and constant bad weather to 
interrupt fee work, as we found in 
our work at sea in 1958-60 and in 
1963-64. And we found that many 
insurance premiums were needed to 
cover the risks wife shipping. 

The rail tunnel will be invulner- 
able. The combined method gives 
many, hostages to fortune^ both 
during and after work. It is vul- 
nerable to sea and ship damage, air 
or land attack, while fee immersed 
tunnel, with shallow cover, is 
vulnerable from below the sea. 

Yours faithfully, 


37 Monmouth Street, 




January 6. 

Jobs for youngsters 

From Mr Ian R. Smith 
Sir, In his article, “The politics of 
.unemployment” (December 31), 
David Futon refers to taking a place 
on the Youth Training Scheme as an 
option open to 16/1 7-year-old 
school leavers who foil to acquire a 
job or place on a full-time further 
education course. 

In spite of some circumspection 
amongst young people and their 
parents that YTS is a political ploy 
to referee uh employment figures, fee 
scheme has been successful, and in 
tune will probably become accepted 
as fee normal route forward for all 
young people - better than simply 
obtaining a job and not just for those 
who foil to bag a job. The YTS offers 
planned training and work experi- 
ence, guidance and support, rarely 

provided in those jobs not under 

Whereas full-time further edu- 
cation has a lot to offer young 
people, it cannot provide substantial 
periods of work experience. Many 
young people following that route 
are still not equipped, after their 
studies with the skills required in the 
world of work. How much better it 
would be for most of them to pursue 
a period of work experience linked 
to further education via YTS. 

Mr Felton and the plethora of 
careers advisers should consider 
putting YTS higher up the ladder 
and certainly not at fee bottom. 
Yours sincerely, 

IAN R- SMITH, Deputy Manager, 
The City Scheme, 

Commerce House, 

ord. West Yorkshire. 

Gty’s aid effort 

From Miss Amelia Taylor 
Sir, Mr R. Langridge (January 4) 
asks why the Oty has kept such a 
low profile compared with fee fund- 
raising efforts of other sections of 
British society. I would like to 
inform hint that “City Aid” does 
indeed exist in fee form of a charity 
called The Square Mile Charitable 

We staged a Christmas rock and 
jazz gala concert at fee Mermaid 
Theatre on December IS, in order to 
raise money. All fee acts had City 
connections and included per- 
formers from financial, institutions. 

Over £17,000 was raised, which 
we decided to give, not to famine 
relief, but to British charities. It 
might not be quite equal to Geldof s 
£50 million, but it’s a start. The 
concert is the first of many events 
we intend to organise in order to 
raise funds for charity. 

Yours faithfully, 

AMELIA TAYLOR, Secretary, 

The Square Mile Charitable Trust, 
Prince Rupert House, 

64 Queen Street, EC4. 

January 6. 

journeys that the public enjoy on 
feeml * 

We have heard nothing to suggest 
that fee Scotsman and its brothers 
will be- welcomed ax Baker Street or 
Paddington together- wife fee 1,600 
daily passengers who regularly use 

Yours faithfully, 

' G RENESON KEEN, Chairman, 
The St Marylebone Sodety, 

20 Upper Monligu Street, Wl. 

Born to blush unseen 

From the Chairman of the Kihert 

Sir, The Rev John Ticehurst asks 
(January 3) whether anyone knew a 
Kcr enhap pucfa. I have not, but the 
Rev Francis Kilvert noted in his 
diary that after a wedding in Langley 
Burrell, Wiltshire, on New Year’s 
Day, 1873 **the bride, now Mrs 
Befeell, insisted on our writing her 
name in fee books we had given heri 
insisting, however, on our writing 
‘Keren* without fee ’Happuch’ 

Yours faithfully, 

D. T. W. PRICE, Chairman, 

The Kilvert Society, 

65 Bridge Street, 



January 3. 

Lessons from Swiss 

From Mr David Harris 
Sir, Having, myself lived and 
worked in Switzerland for a dozen 
years, I feel qualified to respond to 
Mr Farr’s letter (December 27). 

Most, perhaps all of what he 
writes is true. It is, however, 
unqualified. For example: lacking 
the natural resources of coal and 
iron, Switzerland has none of fee 
primary industries associated wife 
them that are (or have been) a blight 
here and in, for example, northern 

Mr Fair must know that before 
fee last war Switzerland was 
anything but prosperous. The 
country has only become wealthy 
since learning how to earn money by 
looking after that of others and by 
putting those earnings to work. 

However much fee Swiss may 
have that we lack, one thing is clean 
they are unable to enjoy it The 
Austrians, despised by the Swiss, 
like to compare the central cemetery 
in Vienna wife the city of Zurich. It 
is, they say, “rtur halb so gross; aber 
sweimal so lusiig ” (only half as big, 
but twice as jolly). 

Yours sincerely, 


1 St George's Road, 

Sandwich, Kent. 

Balancing out 

From Mr Walter Partington 
Sir, Ken Terry’s letter (January 3) 
substitutes the word “boycott” for 
“racially offensive” Mack in respect 
of MP Colin Moynihan’s dispute 
wife Mr Terry’s union, Nalgo. 

But in reverting to “boycott", is 
he not using a word reminiscent of 
prejudice, intolerance and hatred in 
ns day? 

Yours faithfully, 


1 09 Coniston Road, 



January 3. 

Ensuring farms do 
not get milked 

From Mr Bamaby Hannam 
Sir, The letter from Mr J. H. 
Anderson (January 2} is, at first 
glance, extremely plausible and it 
attempts to focus the blame for 
squabbles between fee farming 
organisations and fee landowners 
firmly upon the tenant faction. 

Mr Anderson has, however, most 
conveniently avoided mentioning 
fee long-running dispute between, 
fee National Fanners' Union and 
fee Country Landowners' Associ- 
ation over fee ownership of milk 

When quotas were hastily intro- 
duced by fee EEC to control milk 
production they were attached to the 
farm buildings and land where the 
dairy herd was based, despite united 
protests from fee National Farmers' 
Union, fee Tenant Farmers' Associ- 
ation, the Milk Marketing Board 
and also, I believe, fee Royal 
Institute of Chartered Surveyors. 

The CLA, at this stage saw an 
immediate capital asset to be gained, 
despite the fact that frequently the 
landlord had contributed precious 
little to the success of the dairy 
venture on “his" land. 

_ The original scheme to encourage 
diary farmers out of milk production 
was only partly successful because 
tenants were often refrised the right 
to surrender their farm quota by 
landlords keen to hang on to this 
sudden “crock of gold". 

The EEC has now, in its wisdom, 
decided to remove a second tranche 
of quota and this time, recognising 
tenants’ difficulties, has given to 
them the right to take the “outgoers' 
scheme" regardless of their land- 
lord's loss. 

This is also clearly unjust, but 
could easily be resolved if only fee 
CLA would cease their reactionary 
posturing and accept that quota 
should belong wife the producer 
who bad built up the dairy unit to 
which it was attached. 

The farming organisations all 
accept the need for negotiation wife 
regard to compensation due to fee 
landlord for buildings and other 
works that be has provided, but so 
long as the CLA mai mains its 
present attitude nothing construc- 
tive can arise. 

Farming and its ancillary indus- 
tries are entering a most difficult 
period and it is not constructive for 
Mr Anderson to throw mud where it 
does not belong. 

Yours sincerely, 


West Sevington Farm, 

Yattoo Keynell, 

January 3. 

Westland’s future 

From Mr Peter Temple-Morris, MP 
for Leominster (Conservative) 

Sir, Your leading article (January 7), 
somehow entitled “‘Mr Headline's 
joystick", was unfair and frankly 
offensive to anyone in politics who 
has sincere and legitimate views 
quite apart from whether or not they 
are friends of Mr Heseltine. To 
reduce everything to a “leadership 
bid" is to trivialize fee efforts of a 
minister who is at least standing up 
for what he believes in and giving 
fee “political-industrial establish- 
ment” a run for their money. 

At best it is a compliment to Mr 
Heseltine that whatever he does is 
seen in fee leadership context and at 
worst it is yet another attempt to run 
him down. 

We need to give this affair a little 
depth. The current Conservative 
leadership is not and never has been 
European in action or outlook. 
Allied to this has been a somewhat 
abrupt and dogmatic style of doing 
business, aided and abetted -by 
ministers loo little able or willing to 
stand up for anything different from 
the prevailing and oftem narrow 
wisdom of fee day. 

It is only by grasping the esential 
fact feat often issues are bigger than 
one company with a capital of £30 
million that we begin to get out of 
fee league of mere national and 
limited commercial politics and into 
what really concerns the future of 
our country. 

We need more vision. At least Mr 
Heseltine has shown some. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

January 7. 

Far festive fare 

From Mrs Frances Cooper 
Sir, Wife regard to Mrs Colman’s 
query (January 3) about fee travels 
of Christmas fare, some years ago, I 
sent a home-made Christmas pud- 
ding, by parcel post, via Siberia, to 
my son in Tokyo. It arrived in good 

As he was spending the holiday 
skiing, fee pudding than went up a 
mountain and was eaten by 14 

Yours faithfully, 


98 Sandfield Road, 



January 4. 

From Ms Hilary Bradt 
Sir, While others may boast of 
delivering the furthest Christinas 
pudding, I think I can lay claim to 
the most southerly. Four years ago I 
decided to back Britain by bringing a 
pudding, complete with alver three- 
penny bits, to Ushuaia, in Argentina, 
the most southeriy city in fee world. 

I explained to fee hotel chef how 
to cook it and also gave him a bag of 
field mushrooms gathered feat day. 
He served us a memorable Christ- 
mas dinner of plum pudding 
garnished wife fried mushrooms. 
Youra truly, 



Harvest Hill, 

Bourne End, 

Di mlrinrrUqmeKin* 


. JANUARY 9 1858 ‘ 

The tax on advertisements was 
repealed m J8B3 greatly to the 
advantage of The Times which in this 
typical issue of the period carried over 
SO columns of classified ads, 1 display 
did not make an appearance until Ike 
close of the century. 


-17 Camomile, Rhubarb, and Ginger 
PILLS. This excsiUnt < compound, 
skilfully adjusted, is an unfailing 
remedy for indigestion, constipation, 
liver and all stomach complaints, its 
action being so mild and certain 
cannot fail to restore health, and by 
continued use prove a most valuahle 
medicine. Well adapted for emigrants. 
In bottles' is. l?4cL, 23. 9d. 4s. fid, and 
Us. Prepared only by Mr. Prichard, 
apothecary, 65. Charing-cross; and of 
all medicine vendors; Constance, city 
agent. 37. Learienhall- street 

B ritish college of health, 

New-mad. - MORlSON’s VEG- 
is the only medicine that strikes at the 
root of all diseases. This has been 
proved by an experience of 30 years, 
during which time upwards of 400,000 
cases of cure have been effected. The 
Hygeian agents throughout the world 

are unanimous upon the Hygeian 
system of medicine introduced by 
James M orison, the Hygeist, who not 
only taught the public how to cure 
their own ailments, but also rescued 
the world from the dangers of false 
medical doctrines. The monument 
lately raised to his memory, by a penny 
subscription, sufficiently attests the 
importance of his discoveries. 

T TVER, Nerves. Stomach, and 
■Lf Lungs Restored without med ic ine 
- DU BARRY’S delicious health-re- 
storing food REVALENTA ARABI- 
CA, cures speedily and without 
expense as it saves 50 times its cost in 
other remedies, indigestion, {dyspep- 
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constipation, ail nervous, bilious, and 
liver complaints, dywntry, diarrhoea, 
acidity, palpitation, heartburn, haem- 
orrhoids, headaches, hysteria, neural- 
gia, debility, despondency, cramps, 
spasms, sinking 

fits, coughs, asthma, bronchitis, 
consumption, also children’s com- 
plaints, and is admirahiy adapted to 
rear and strengthen delicate infants. 
Recommended by Drs. Ure, Shorland, 
Harvey, Campbell, Ingram, and 50,000 
other respectable persons whose health 
has been perfectly restored by it. after 
all other means had failed. Satisfactory 
proofs of cure and references to 
respectable fmn Area,, may be had gratis 
and free by post from Barry du Barry 
and Co.. 77, Regent- street, London. 

TPEETH.-No. 9, Lower Groavenor- 
h street, Grosvenor-square (removed 
from 61).-By Her Majesty’s Royal 
Letters PatenL-Newly Invented Ap- 
plication of Chymically-p repared 
India-rubber, in the Construction of 
Artificial Teeth. Gums, and Pala- 
tes--Mr. EPHRAIM MOSELY. Sur- 
geon-Dentist, 9, Lower Grosvenor- 
street, sole inventor and patentee.-A 
new. original, and invaluable inven- 
tion, consisting in the adaptation, with 
the most absolute perfection and 
success, of CHYM1CALLY PRE- 
lining to the gold or bone frame. The 
extraordinary results of this appli- 
cation may be briefly noted in a few of 
their most prominent features;- All 
sharp edges are avoided; no springs, 
wires, or fastenings are required; a 
greatly increased freedom of suction is 
supplied; a natural elasticity, hitherto 
wholly unat ta i nab l e , and a fit, 
perfected with the most unerring 
accuracy, are secured, while, from the 
softness and flexibility of the. agents 
employed, the greatest support is given 
to the adjoining teeth when loose, or 
rendered tender by the absorption of 
the gums. The acids of the mouth exert 
no agency on the chymicafly prepared 
indiarubber, and, as it is a non-conduc- 
tor, fluids of any temperature may be 
retained in the mouth, all unpleasant- 
ness of smell and taste being at the 
same time wholly provided against by 
the peculiar nature of its preparation. 

M R. ALFRED JONES, Surgeon- 
Dentist to their late RJL the 
Princess Augusta and the Duchess of 
Glocester, His Majesty Louis Phil- 
lippe, and the ex-Royal Family of 
France, their Serene Highnesses the 
Princess Esterhazy and the Prin ce of 
Gonzaga &c., may be CONSULTED 
upon every operation of dental surgery 
and mechanism, from 11 to 4.-64, 
Grogvenor-street, Grosvenor-square. 

J OHN GOSNELL and Co.’s 
greatly superior to any tooth powder, 
gives the teeth a pearl-like whiteness, 
protects the enamel from decay, and 
imparts a pleasing fragrance to the 
breath. Sold by all chymists and 
perfumers throughout the kingdom. 
Price Is- 6d. per pot. Manufactory, 13, 
Three King-court. Lombard-street, 

P RIZE MEDAL, Paris Exhibition of 


GLEY, and Co.'s new pattern 
TOOTHBRUSHES, penetrating hair- 
brushes. genuine Smyrna sponges, and 
every description of brush, comb, and 
perfhmery. Metcalfe’s celebrated alka- 
line tooth powder, 2s. -130 B and 181, 
Oxford-street, W. • 


JtV LUBEN’b new perfume for this 
festive season, distilled from fragrant 
tulips, 2s. 6d- bottle; three bottles in a 
pretty case, 7s. Entered at Stationer's- 
hali, Laboratory of Flowers, 2, New 

1 DIDIER, gives his MAGNETIC 
ES. their Causes and Remedies, every 
day . from 1 till 4.-19, Upper Albany- 
street. Regents -park. Consultation by 

International cuisine 

From Mr James Page-Roberts 
Sir, Waiting for curry of some sort to 
arrive at fee tabic in our local Indian 
restaurant, my son and I discovered 
that fee spoons were made in Korea, 
knives in Japan, forks in China, 
ashtrays in France and plates in 

Neither fee vase (with a warning 
feat it should not contain water) nor 
fee single plastic flower in it had 
marks of origin. 

Yours faithfully, 


Skamore House, 










January 8: The Prince Edward this 
evening attended a Reception at the 
Town HaH, King's Lynn, in 
connection with The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Industrial Award 
Scheme (West Norfolk) 

His Royal Highness was received 
upon arrival by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Norfolk (Mr Tim- 
othy Coknan). 

Wing Commander Adam Wise 
was in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, the 
Viscount Long (Lord in Waiting) 
was present at Heathrow Airport. 

London this afternoon upon 
arrival of Die King of 
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and 
welcomed His Majesty on behalf of 
Her Majesty. 

The Duchess of Kent will take the 
Lord High Admiral's Divisions at 
the Britannia Royal Naval College, 
Dartmouth, on April 10. 

The Duchess of Kent will open the 
first phase of the GlenSdd General 
Hospital and will visit the new fire 
service control centre and the 
Be [grave Family Centre. Leicester, 
on March 1 4. 

A memorial service for Sir James 
and the Hon Lady Pitman will be 
held at St Margaret's Westminster 
on Saturday, January 11. at noon. 

' Marriages 

“ The Hon Mark Wyndham 
' and Mrs P. Garnett 
_ The marriage has taken place 
between the Hon Mark Wyndham 
■■ and Mrs Patricia Garnett. 

Mr W.M. Heath 

- and Miss M-R H. Giedroyc 

' The marriage took place on January 
3 in the Basilica of St Peter. Vatican 
City. Rome, of Mr William Heath, 
younger son of Sir Mark and Lady 
Heath, of A101 Tregumer. 14 
".Tregunler Path, Hong Kong, and 
-- Miss Mary-Rose (Coky) Giedroyc. 

younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
f MichaJ Giedroyc. of 4 Western 

— Road. Oxford. Mgr I_ Tulaba 
. - officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was attended 
by her sister. Miss Melanie 
Giedroyc Mr Nicholas Heath, 
brother of the bridegroom, was best 

Mr J. G. Bradshaw 
. and Miss J. M. Dittmar 
The marriage took place quietly in 
December 1983, at the Parish 
Church of St Cuthbert. Lytham. 
Lancashire, between Mr 'James 
Gordon Bradshaw, of Lytham. only 
j- son of the late Mr and Mrs J. 

. ... Goodier Bradshaw, and Miss Jane 
Margaret Dittmar, of Welburn. 
'.-.North Yorkshire, twin daughter of 
' u .Mra L. V. Dittmar and the late Mr 
' Ralph Dittmar, of Stockton-on- 
: Tees. 

• Mr G.J.C. Schofield 
and Mrs S. J. Roberts 
" A service of blessing was held on 
Christmas Eve at the Church of Sl 
T homas-on-the-Bournc. Famham. 
Surrey, after the marriage, in Essex, 
of Mr Giles Schofield, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs John Schofield, of 
: Famham, and Mrs Susan Roberts, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs T. J. 
Jcfford, ofWickford, Essex. 


Chamber of 

The president and members 
entertained the Nigerian Federal 
Minister of External Affairs at 
luncheon at the Cafe Royal 
yesterday. Representatives of foe 
Nigerian Ministry of External 
Affaires, the Nigerian High Com- 
mission and HM Government 
departments were present. 

£;[ Jersey Bailiff 
sworn in 

Admiral Sir William Pillar, Lieuten- 
ant-Governor and. Commander-in- 
chief of Jersey, was present as the 
swearing in of the island's new 
bailiff; Mr Peter CriH. in the Royal 
Court, St Heller, on Saturday, by the 
Honorary Lieutenant Bailing Jurat] 
Henry Pence. 

The Dean of Jersey.. the Very Rev 
Basil O'Fcrrall, officiated at a 
service of thanksgiving held after- 
wards at St Helier Parish Church. 
Among those present were: 

The Lieutenant-Governor of Guer- 
nsey and Lady BoswcIL foe 
Permanent Under Secretary of State 
at foe Home De par t m ent and Lady 
Cubbon. Lady Pillar, the Deemster 
of the Isle of Man and Mrs'Luft, the 
Father of the House. Senator Ralph 
Vibcrt. and' representatives of 
church, commerce and industry. 


Foundation for Science and Tech- 

Mr Geoffrey Panic. Minister for 
Information Technology, was pre- 
sent at a reception given by foe 
Foundation for Science and Tech- 
nology yesterday evening at foe 
house of the Royal Society. Lord 
Lloyd or Kilgerran. QC, was in the 
chair and the annual technology 
forecast was given by Dr D. Davies, 
Mr W. G. T. Jones. Professor T. 
Stonier and Professor R. William- 


Sherlock Holmes Society of London 
The annual dinner of foe Sherlock 
Holmes Society of London was held 
last night at the Charing Cross 
Hotel. Mr Frank Allen, president, 
was in the chair and the guest of 
honour was Mr Jeremy Potter. Mr 
Bernard Davies, chairman, and 
Miss Elaine Hamill also spoke. 

Latest wills 

Professor Rodney Robert Porter, 
FRS, of Hailey. Witney. -Oxford- 
shire, former Whitley professor of 
biochemistry at Oxford University, 
who died as the result of a road 
accident, left estate valued at 
£222.559 neL 

Birthdays today 

Major D. S-ADhusen, 72; Sir Rudolf 
Bing 84; Mr George Buchanan. 82; 
Sir John Buckley, 73; Miss Simone 
de Beauvoir. 78: Mr CKve Dunn. 
64; Admiral Sir Guy Grantham, 86: 
Father Benedict Green. 62. Mr 
Terry Hands. 45: Mr David 
Holbrook, 63; Sir Glyn Janes, 78; 
Mr Richard Nixon, 73: Admiral Sir 
Frederick Parham. 85; Mr Ralph 
Tubbs. 74; Mr David Wan. 54: foe 
Right Rev F. H. West, 77; Miss 
Susannah York, 44. 

Harrow School 

Easter term begins at Harrow 
School today. R_ A_ Pyxnan 
(Elmfidd) is head of school The 
competition for music scholarships 
will be held on February 10, and for 
academic, an computing 

scholarships on March 3. Half-term 
exeat will extend from February 12- 

Foundets day will be held on 
February 22. The Bishop of 
Willcsdcn will hold a confirmation 
on March 16. Mozart’s Acis and 
Galatea will be performed on 
January 27 and 28 and Carl Orffs 
Carmina Burana on March 1 5 and 

Abbots Bromley 

(School of St Mary and 
St Anne) 

(Woodard Corporation) 

Lent term begins today and ends on 
March 26. dare Mach in remains 
head girl Confirmation is on 
February 9. The London meeting of 
the guild is on February 22. The 
senior choir will sing evensong in 
Lichfield Cathedral on March 1 9. 

Science report 

Cell research offers hope to diabetics 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Research into methods of 
treating diabetes by replacing the 
faulty cells of the pancreas, which 
ore failing to produce insulin to 
regulate the level of glucose in the 
Mood, is showing promising 

In the long term the blood, is 
showing promising res alts. 

In the long term the ad ranee 
could produce a cure for die 
disorder but the immediate 
objective is to find an alternative to 
a transplant of the pancreas when 
the condition has gone beyond 
normal means of controL 

Effective management of the 
Qlncss on a day-to-day basis conies 
with striking a balance between 
dietary intake and insulin injec- 
tions. Otherwise glucose in the 
Mood is neither taken op by the 
body and used as fuel not is it 
steered properly. It accum ulates in 
the blood and becomes a toxin. 

The cause of the titrable lies in a 
deficiency of the B cells of the 
pancreas, which are located in 
dusters of cefts called the islets of 
Langerbans. The possibility of 
transplanting a healthy organ 

seemed a reasonable approach 
after the success of kidney 
transplants. There has been, some 
progress. One difficulty arises 
because the pancreas also secretes 
other digestive enzymes, which 
interfere with acceptance of a 
donor organ. 

An alternative would be to 
separate the islets from the rest of 
the tissue of a healthy organ and 
implant them into the damaged 
pancreas. Attempts to extract just 
the tissue containing the B cells, 
which are scattered throughout the 
organ, hare been unsnccessfuL 

Various methods have been 
tried, but they produced only about 
one per cent of the ceils 
in preparations that contained 

The advance has come at the 
Nuffield department of surgery at 
Oxford University, where Dr 
Derek Gray working with Pro- 
fessor P. J. Morris, the kidney 
transplant specialist, has devised a 
way of separating islets from 
the human pancreas by non- 
mechanical means. A picture of an 
isolated Tinma n islet as seen under 
the microscope, showing dearly 

the B cells, is contained in a 
bulletin of the Medical Research 

It accompanies a report out- 
lining the method of dissolving foe 
unwanted tissue to leave an extract 
containing foe islets. The tech- 
nique depends on nsing the enzyme 
collagenase to disintegrate the 
stru cture of foe pancreas. 

This biochemical lor dissolving 
collagen, or connective tissue of 
foe My, has been tried pre- 
Tioasly. The trick which Dr Gray 
has perfected depends on the way 
the enzyme is introduced into foe 
pancreas and. foe co nditions in 
which the tissue is kept daring foe 
process of disintegration. 

The new extracts contain 
between 10 and 20 per cent of foe 
islet mass of the pancreas, with a 
parity so far of 10 to 40 per cent of 
islet tissue, against unwanted 
exocrine tissue. Freffminary tests 
have shown the extracts are fully 
viable aud can withstand processes 
such as transplantation and 
storage by freezing. - 

Source: Medic*! Kesoank CmmmcS 
Newt, No 29 

Mr Norman Si llmnn 
admiring a £2 coin issued 
yesterday which he has 
designed for the Royal Mint 
to commemorate the Com- 
monwealth Games being 
held in Scotland this 
summer. The Last £2 coin 
was struck in 1902. The 
mint does not expect 
the coin to go into 
general circulation (Photo- 
graph: Peter Trievnor). 

Howell’s School, 

Spring Term begins today at 
Howell's School. Denbigh and 
finishes on Match 26. Miss Dodd 
(languages) has received a travel 
gratu from the Goldsmiths' Com- 
pany and will spend the summer 
term studying in Greece- To assist 
in updating foe list of old grris, 
would Old Howellians noi in receipt 
of school communications please 
make contact with the school 

Rossall School 

Lem Term at Rossall School begins 
today. The Bishop of La n caster will 
preside at the confirmation service 
to be .held in chapel on Sunday, 
Febniary 23. Bach’s St Matthew 
Passion will be sung in Si John’s 
Parish Church. Blackpool on 
Saturday. February 22 by the 
combined choira of Rossall and 
Warbreck High Schools. The 
Inspector, adapted by Ian Robson 
from Gogol will be produced in big 
school on February 10 - 1 — Trial by 
Jury will be presented in foe 
Museum Theatre on Match 25 and 
26. The W. H. Budge Memorial 
Sevens for preparatory schools will 
be held on Sunday, March 2. The 
Old RossaQian hockey matches will 
be played on field and' shore on 
Saturday. March 22, preceded by 
the Lancashire branch dinner on 
Friday, March 21 at the North 
Eusion Hotel. 

St George's College 

Easter Term begins today and ends 
on March 21. The lower school play. 
Unman, Withering and Zigo. is on 
Match 6. Old Georgians’ day is on 
March 16 and at 7.15 the choir will 
be presenting the Nelson Mass by 

St Lawrence College 

Lent Term began on January 7 and 
ends on March 22. Gary Jones is 
head of school Rosemary Hawkins 
head girl and Grant Hewitl- 
Coleman captain of hockey. Confir- 
mation. conducted by foe Bishop of 
Dover, is on February 23. The sixth 
form scholarship and places exam- 
ination is on February 6/7 and the 
preparatory schools open day on 
March 1 i. Mr Binfield will produce 
Twelfth Night on March 13, 14 and 
15. Qkl Lawrentian day is March 
22. The preparatory schools’ hockey 
festival takes place at foe college 
from March 24 to 26. 

More money for 
lending rights 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 
The vagaries of the -postal . But at .the- same time the 
service permitting 549 authors number of writers eligible for. 
found themselves promoted BLR was increased to include 
into the £l,000-plus league of those whose books were less 
writers receiving money from than 32 pages in length (princi- 

the Public Lending Right 
scheme yesterday, 172 more 
then Iasi year. 

The payments, based on the 
borrowings - of books from 
British libraries for' the 12 
months from July 1984 will 
confirm the pre-eminence of 
Catherine Cookson on Britain's 
library shelves. Books under her 
own name and the pseudonym 
Catherine M archant accounted 
for 25 of the 100 most borrowed 
titles according to the registrar 
of Public Lending RjghL 

Miss Cookson's popularity 
fell by two titles on the previous 
year, but she remains well 
ahead of the rest -of the field. 
The next most borrowed writer 

pally children's authors), trans- 
lators, co-authors, and writers 
in West Germany where'British 
-writers already receive a PLR 

'Mr John Sumsion, the PLR 
registrar, said that the top-earn- 
ing authors, who receive the 
maximum payment of £5.010 
had been joined by about five 
children's authors because of 
the change in rules, and there 
had also bran an increase in the 
number of top-earners, because 
more well-known authors had 
joined the scheme. 

According to P. D. James, 
who is the president of the 
Society of Authors, PLR can 
enable some people to be fiill- 
time writers who would other- 

was Wilbur Smith, with mne wise have to write part-time. *T 
titles in the top 100. • • have been very lucky with. my 

The money from the Govern- writing but for many people 
raent available for distribution every little helps”. Miss James 
to authors rose from £1,655,000 said. 

to £2,406,000, giving writers 
I.27p every time one of their 
books is borrowed compared 
with 0.92 last year. 

A total of 6,2 H authors in the 
scheme received less than £100 
and 2,433 were paid between 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments indude: 

Mr John Downes Alliott, QC. lo be 
a Justice of- the High Court in the 
Queen’s Bench Division. 

Mr R. K. Miller to be solicitor of 
Inland Revenue from February 3, is 
succession to Mr R. S. Boyd, who is 
retiring. Mr B. E. Cleave to be a 
principal assistant solicitor from foe 
same date, in succession to Mr 

Mr Paul Edwards to succeed Mir 
John Poptuun as director of foe 
Suffolk Preservation Society. 

Mr Rupert Pennaat-Rea to be 
Editor of The Economist. He is at 
present lbe magazine's economics 

Clifford School 

Spring Term started on January 7. 
The Founders 1 .Day lecture entitled 
“The Convictions of a Magistrate" 
will be given by Lady Ralphs, on 
January 25. She Stoops to Conquer, 
produced by Mrs Gillian Grinham, 
will be presented on Febniary 12. 13 
and 14 and The King and I will be 
performed on March 14 and 15. 
Term ends on March 21. 




Dr M. C PTestwich has .been 
appoitfled chairman of the board of 
studies in history. 

- -Mr J. W, F. North 

v and Miss X* A. van drr Meulcn 
‘ The engage men t is announced 
. _ between Jeremy, son of Sir 
v Jonathan North, Bt. and Lady 
North, of Frogmore, Wcston- 
Under-Penyard, Herefordshire, and 
Lucy, daughter of Mr and Mrs G. A. 
van der Meulen, of Kasama, 

- Zambia. 

Dr H. C Breitmcyer 

- and Miss D. M. Wrigley 

The e ng agem e nt is announced 
between Hugo, eldest son of the laic 
Mr Charles Brextmeyer and Lady 
Kennard. of Tiverton, Devon, and 
Diana, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs M. H_ Wrigley, of Gan ion, 

Mr C W. Smyth-Osbourne 
and Miss J.M.Cnbitt 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles William, eldest son 
of Colonel and Mm E. T. Smyth- 
Osbourne, of Thorpe MandcviQe 
Court, Banbury, Oxfordshire, and 
Joanna Mary, elder daughter of Sir 
Hugh and Lady Cubitt, of Chapel 
House, West Humble, Dorking, 
Surrey, j | 

Mr A. Hughes 
and Miss E. A- Hoole 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen John, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs Joseph Hughes, of 
Liverpool and Elizabeth Anne, 
younger daughter of Sir Arthur and 
LadyHool^ of Leatfaerhead, Surrey. 

Mr M. G- Archer, RAF 
and Men S. J. Birch 
The engagement is announced 
between Matthew George, younger 
son of Wing Commander H. D. 
Archer (retd), and foe late Mm 
Archer, of Bushey Heath, Hertford- 
shire, and Sally, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Nicholas Birch,- of 
Bushey, Hertfordshire. 

Forthcoming marriages 

cfeael Badeni 

oium* only son of 

id Countess Badeni, of 
lanor, Malmesbury, WTlt- 
gnrah Pen. only daughter 
id Mrs Peter Briggs, of 
. Hutton Rudby, York- 


vL AHardkx 

igemott is announced 
£nry. son of Mr and Mrs 
ksdL of Orchard House, 

Devon and Miranda, 
t and Mrs 

Major H. A. Bail lie, 
and Miss S.F. Will way 
The engage ra cm is announced 
between Hubert Baiilie. Grenadier 
Guards, younger son of Mrs 
Gucewicz-BaQlie and foe late 
Captain A. M. G u cewicz-Baillic and 
Sarah, elder daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs M. L. Willway, of 

Mr J. A. G Bradley 
and Miss A. J. Turner 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs P. F. Bradley, of Petworth, 
Sussex, and Amanda, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A. W. S. Turner, of 
Old Redding, Middlesex. 

MrC. S. J.Corfidd 

and Miss S. C. Rigby 

The , engagement is announced 

between Gatin, youngest son of foe 

late Mr Frank Corfield and of Mrs 

Patrick .Talbot-Smith, Northiam. 

Sussex, ail'd Suzie, elder daughter of 

Mr and Mrs Peter Rigby, Northiam, 


and Senorita R. A. Gdauz 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs W. M. Dam, of Marlborough. 
Wiltshire, and Rosa, daughter of 
Senar and Senora V. R. Gomez, of 
Vina del Mar, Chile. 

Mr A. W. Ferguson 
and Miss T: W. George 
The engagement is announced 
between Alistair, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs W. Ferguson, of Edinburgh 
and Rome, and Tamara, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs H. George, of 

MrT. J.C.Foolu 
and Miss S. E. Davenport 
The engagement is announced 
between Tim. elder son of Mr and 
Mrs John Fooks, of Tteehurst, 
Sussex, and Sarah, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mis David Davenport of 
Horsmonden, Kent. 

Mr P.J. Frank 
and Miss M. C. Wilkinson 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter Jonathan, only son of 
Mr and Mrs C. ML rank, of 
Undfieid, West Sussex, and Mary 
Catherine, elder daughter of Dr and 
Mrs H, W. Wifrdnson, of Oevtdon. 

Mr P. G Fraokis 
and Miss S. J. CtifTord 
The e n g agemen t . is announced 
between Paul elder son of Mr and 
Mrs P. R. Franjds, of Scaford, 
Sussex, and Sarah, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R. J. Clifford, of Oversky 
Grange Farm, Alcester, Warwick- 

Mr P. M. Hanley 
and Miss J. L Holt 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr and Mrs. 
Michael Hanley, of BhindeUsands. 
Lancashire, and Jacqueline, daugh- 
ter of Mr Derek Holt; of Poynttm. 
Cheshire, and Mrs Mavis Williams, 
of Heaton Mersey, Cheshire. 

Mr P.-J. HafoereU 
and Mbs M. J. Boteberby 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of TJeaienant- 
Colond and 'Mrs J G HathcrdL of 
Frant Road, Tonbridge Wells, and 
Margaret, daughter orMr and Mrs 
R B Boteberby, of Forest -Road, 
T unbridge Wells. 

DR P. A. Holmes 
and Miss E. A. Waugh 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, youngest son of Mis 
Dorothy Holmes, of Briar Cottage, 
Moorfield Road, Ben Rhydding, 
Hkky. and foe late Mr Gordon 
Holmes, of IHdcy, and Elapeth 
Anne, eider daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Norman Waugh, of Cairadene. St 
BakErecTs Road, North Berwick, 
East Lothian. 

MrT. A. Jnstia 
and Mbs J. E. McKJnlay 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Andrew, rider son 
of foe Rev G. I- and Mis Justin, of 
Frinton -on-Sea, and Jane Elizabeth, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs D. 
KL McKinJay, of Great Bentley, 

Mr B. S. Keating 
and Mbs GF. Roraer 
lbe engagement is announced 
between Brendan Samuel son afMr 
and Mrs S. P. Keating, of Wallasey; 
Cheshire, , and Caroline Fiances, 
daughter of Commander and Mrs R. 
M. Romer, of Sion Lodge, Skm Hill, 

Mr R. G. Kettle 
and Mbs E. J. Briggs 
The engagement is announced 
between Gavin, elder son of he hue 
Major R. B. Kettle, DL and Mrs R. 
B. Kettle, of Pipers Hill, Bishops 
Itc fa i n g t on, near Leamington Spa, 
Warwickshire and Jane, twin 
dapghterjxf Mr and Mrs W. F. E. 
Briggs, of The Down House, 
Harestock, Winchester, Hampshire. 

Mr M. D. K uight 
and Mbs & M. J. McMaster 
The engagement is announced 
between Martyn Drysdak. elder son 
of Mr and Mrs J. M. D. Knight, of 
V/epham, West Sussex and Abbots- 
bury, London and Sarah Margaret 
JutisL daughter of Dr and Mrs A. B. 
M: McMaster, of Goss House, West 
Coker, Somerset. 

Mr R. J. Lenin 
and Mbi S. A. Reltoo 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son oF Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs R. F. Lcwin. of 
Asburst Wood, Fjim Grinstead: 
Sussex and Sally, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs S. Relton, of Wal degrave 
Park; Twickenham. 

Mr A. G- Marmlllaa 
aad. Mbs JL M, Dykins 
The engagement is announced 
between Arthur Gordon, rider son 
of Mr and Mis George Macmillan, 
of Renfrewshire, and Karen Marga- 
ret, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Philip Dylans, of Durban, South 

Mr P. MeTieman 
and Mbs E. Mnsgreve 
The engagement is announced 
b etween Patrick, son of the late Mr 
M. F. MeTieman and Mrs 
MeTieman. of Wellington. Shrop- 
shire, and Elizabeth, daughter of Mr 
and Mis W. D. Musgrove, of Flore, 
Nor lhaaipinnshir f! 

Mr A. Marriott 

aadfrHH G. R. RaOces 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, son of Mr and 
Mr* Graham Marriott, of Black- 
pool .and Gillian, daughter of foe 
late Major Duncan Rafires and of 
Mrs Dorothea . Raikcs, of Brecon, 

Mr A. Mitchell 
and Miss F. Wood 
The engagement k announced 
between Anthony, eldest son ' of 
Wing Commander J. Mitchell and 
the laic Mrs C- M. M. Mitchell, of 
Ballinger. B iiric rngh aiu shin e, and 
Fiona, foe rider daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J. Wood, of Cortijo Grande, 
Almeria, Spain. . 

MrT. I. Morgan 
and Mbs V. A. Symondson 
The engagement is , announced ' 
between Lanncdot, only son of Mr 
and Mrs W. R. Morgan, of Bewdley, 
and Victoria, youngest daughter of 
Mr P. Symondson, of Malvern, and 
Mrs J. Hooley, of Mathon. 

Mr B. D. Nicholson 
and Mbs K. G Hindi* 

The engagement is announced 
between Brian, son of Dr and- Mrs r 
K. D. Nicholson, of Wellington. 
New Zealand, and Katie, younger 
daughter of Dr and Mrs W. Hindle, 
of Wimboume, Dorset.- ' 

Mr M. J. P. Noble • /.J . 
and Mbs E. M. Hncldn. 

The engagement h announced 
between Michael eldest son of. Mr . 
and Mrs C. P. Noble, of Dodleston, 
Chester, and Elizabeth, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs P. H. 
Hue kin, of Headley, Hampshire. 

Mr JiG.M. North 
and Mbs J. Y. Res 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, son of Mrs G. M. • 
North, of Worthing and Jeanette, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs F„' J. Res, of 
Brompton, Gillingham. 

Dr G Pierson 

and Mbs M. J. Peyton Jones 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr and - 
Mrs J. Pierson, of St Albans, 
Hertfordshire, and Meiidee Jane, 
second daughter of. Lieutejiaht- 
Cokjnd and Mrs J. H. Peyton Jones, 
also of St Albans. 

Mr A-Sbse 
and Mbs F. Collins ■ 

The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, third son of Mr 
and Mrs John Siese, of Wimbledon, 
and Fiona, elder daughter afMr and 
Mrs David Collins, of Cuddficki, 

Mr j.C. Ormonde - 
and Mbs G. C. Kidd _ 

The' engagement - is announced 
betwen James, son of Mr -and Mrs 
R. G Ormonde, of TatsfiekL.Kent, 
and Geraldine, daughter of Mr and ' 
Mrs G. Kidd. ofWesterham, Kent. 
aitd Miss J. THsou • 

■ r The engagement' is announced 
between Christopher; .youngest son 
of Mr an Mis. A.. Pinilott, of 
Beckenha m . Kent, and Jayne, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs L 
Tilson, qf Princeville, Illinois, 
United States. 

Mr K- A. Sharp 
and Mbs M. E. Afcester 
The engagement is announced 
. between Keith Alexander, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs Stanley Sharp, of 
Hadley Wood, Hertfordshire, and 
Mary Elizabeth,, youngest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs John Akester, of 
Chiswick. .» 

Mr J. A. D. Sl 

The engagement is announced 
: between John, son-of Mr and Mrs L 
D. F. Symington, of Oporto, 

; Portugal, and Helen, younger 
daughter oTMr and MrsT. G. Price, 
of Load on. 


Mr JL D- Taylor 
. and Mbs A.'C. Mamet 


engagement -is announced 7 

between Robert, son of Mrs R. C 
Taylor and foe late Mr R. C Taylor, 
of -peabury, Devon, and. Anna, 
second daughter of Dr J. E. Marrrtt 
and foe late Mis J. E. Marten, of 
Sandnu. Essex. - 
Mr M.'L Wells 
and Mbs.Al V, Hurst 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Ian, yoangest son 
. of Mrs JL M. Wells, and of foe late 
. Mr. R- F. Write, of Bristol, and Anne 
Victoria, , only daughter of Mr and 
-Mrs J. ■ G. ' Hurst of Wilititon-ub 
WirraL, Cheshire. 

Captain D. C. WWttakor 

. and Miss R. M. Foicam . 

-The .engagement is announced 
between David Whittaker, Royal 
Engineers, son ofMr xhdMrsR. W. 
Whittaker, of Heathfidd; Sn««L 
and Rosamond, daughter ofMrand 
-Mrs K. S. B. Faitum ..of 
Rafoerfidd, Sussex. 

and Miss J. M-Conteon. . 

The . engagement is announced 
between ' Neil third son of Mr and 
MraJ.R. Vftuttakrr, ctf Lka»lit, : and 

V- CoulsOn. . of *CoftindgG a .'Nof- : 

Pierre Fournier-, the 

his .home in Geneva yestercfcy 
at the age of 79. 

He was noied . both as a 
chamber music pUycr and as a 
conoprto sotoisL.for h.s «*Ju- 

vated, warm tone and *°_ r 

musical discernmenL tipicall) 
Gallic in its stylistic reticence 
and care for the small points ot 

He was born in Pans the son 
of a French army general, on 
June 24. 1906. and studied at 
the Paris Conservatoire, where 
he later taught He made bis 
debut in 1925. and quickly 
established a reputation for 
himself as a fastidious in- 
terpreter. . . 

In 1943 he took Over from 
Casals as cellist in the trio with 
Thibaud and Cortot After the 
war. he formed associations 
with a number of notable 
chamber music players, and. 
began to make his mark on the 
international scene as a con- 
certo soloist, pla ying ,n *•** 
major musical centres. 

Several works were written 
for him, among them .Frank 
Martin's Cello Concerto and 

Poulenc's CeBo SonStaT^^ 

: gave the prtmiero of -Ihxtiiri'r 

CcUo Concerto. - ,.•!/. : 

Is the poa-ww era, when 
Casals, fiarppfitkal reasoos. did 
not return to this:, cooatty. 
Fournier became a grail favour- 
ite with British anrttepcc vThc 
slight figure, crippled by poUo 

contracted as a. child; . and 
modest appearance. -belied, foe 
energy and e alh t ma snt of his 
playing, which always. Mggetted 
total concentration. 

He was very active in the 
recording studios during , ifc 
1950s aiid 196£b. las 
groomed tone add noexigag- 
rated reading* HfSa* 

selves to the exigencies -of foe 
medium. :cxcri w 

were- his discs o{ lie Dtnaiitk 
CcUo Concent Sthross'sSDon 
Quixote (which he Perisxlcd 
with Karajan), aid out : ftc 
Beethoven Santas ' with 
Kempff. - 

- Of late bispobiic appegu'aBces 
had been mhtgdfy redoced in 
number, but wheoever- he 
returned w tins ocnadry he was 
.always wdcoOK. tfe wW be long 
remembered borii &s a ptityer 
and as a sympaxheticieacber: . / 


The Rev Robert Foxcroft 
died on New Year's Day. aged 
45. He had been vicar of St 
Peter's. ' Hammersmith since 
1975, but. was most widely 
known for his radio broadcast- 

Since 1971, when he was 
curate of St Nicholas, Chiswick, 
he had been a regular presenter 
of - - Radio 4 documentaries, 
including - the priro- winning 
prt^ramme on Martin Luther. 
Fire in the Oty. and a speaker 
on “Thought for the Day"; 

From 1972-5 :he ■ was a 
chaplain to the Honourable 
Artillery Company, serving in 
Germany and Northern Ireland. 

. . From the time be had an 
operation . for cancer of the 
kidney in 1983 he shared his 
experience of terminal illness 
with the radio audience, 
especially in a noteworthy series 
of Holy Week talks 'last year. 
His honesty, frankness and wry 
sense of humour enabled him to 
offer encouragement, faith and 
hope to a vast number of 

He will be sadly missed by 
the radio audience, his congre- 
gation, his colleagues; • and 
particularly, of course, by his 
wife Rosemary and three young 

N.CJL writes: 

Robert Foxcroft was a man of 
many talents. He filled St 


Tyge Dehtgaard, the Danish 
Ambassador -in London died 
after an illness of some months; 
on December 20 at the age of 

Bora on April 8. 1921, 
Dahlgaard spent a lifetime in 
the Danish diplomatic service. 

The son of an outstanding 
Liberal - politician. Bertel 
Dahlgaard. who for many years 
was a cabinet member in 
coalition governments with the 
Social Democrats, he grew up 
with politics. -But unlike his 
older brother. Lauge Dahlgaard. 
who followed the family tradi- 
tion. ran for Parliament and 
later becamea cabinet member. 
Tyge Dahlgaard chose a diplo- 
matic career and joined - the 

-Danish 'Foreign Service in' i 

He served . In most pars' of 
the world tn posts m Geneva, 
Paris and Washington and as 
an Ambassador in Brussels, 
Belgrade. Tokyo. The. Hague 
and London: where he was 
accredhed to the Court of; Sr 
James in I98t. ; -'jr ’-"V 

For a brief interval id IM6- 
67 he joined the cabinet of the 
late Socialist, premier JeaiQttn. 

He was Minister fin: Trait 
Nordic Refaoions and-' ban* 
European Community Affiats 
in a most demanding period in 
recent dtpkMnatic hiaorjrvrhkh 
eventually led up lo. Demgrfc’^ 
joining the EEC togetbri* with 
Britain. • . 


General .Artem Grigorevich 
Gomy, who has died at the age 
of 73. was Chief Military. 
Procurator of the USSR. As 
such he played the leading 
prosecution role in the trfol 
of the British businessman. 
■Greville -Wynne, and the KGB 
Colonel Oleg Pcnkovsky, who 
were charged with betraying 
Russian secrets to the West in 
Mbscow in J 963. 

Gorny, who was born in the 
Ukraine, had spent his entire' 
army career in the military 
prosecution service before being, 
appointed Chief Military Pro- 
curator m 1957. . 

As such in 1963 he conducted 
the prosecution case against 
Wynne and Pcnkovsky who had. 
been arrested the previous year 
and charged with spying for the 
British and American intelli- 
gence services. ' - 

The case, which went on 
amid wide publicity and intense 
international interest, ended 
with Wynne pleading guilty 
“with reservations". He was 
sentenced ' to eight -years 
imprisonment of which he 

served 18 months before, bring 
exchanged for the Kussian spy, 
.Gordon Lonsdale. -y - 
" Penkovsky . was ~ pleading 
guilty, was sentenced td death, a 
sentence pw^Rttssian-aathoritics; 
announced carried out five- 
days -later, through Wynne, has 
said., he committed suicide in 
prison. ;• ' 

CVO, 4 at 

the age of 90, was-IJiidec-Sec-. 
retary Mixustry of^Rodu^an 
from 1942 toI946 amfCtvifiati 
Director of Sadies the 
Imperial Defence Collegc itt 
1946-7. Laterbe hddWnumbcr 
of posts in TOboderia: inchiding 
that- of chairman -,qp Jtftta&m: 
Federal Public -Sera^rCo&- 
missian. Federation *a- Rhode- 
stasand Nyasaland. ■ 

The Rt Rev Wata : E4R^d 
Augustas F^gli, Ksfrcfr: S^ffia- 
gan of FCnntfc fooat. JwO. to 
1979,' died on January 4 at ihe 
age of 76. - He was 
Cockermouth .from . -1962 . to 
1970 and AndifoeaQQii'-cf West 
Cumberland ftom4«»^oi970 ; 

Base Ra te 

• BCC announces ■ v 
that from 8 th January, 1986 
its base rate is changed . 
from llH%to 12H% 



Peter's chart 
smtth. When he breadca^ihe 
imagination of thm^apdi who 
do not go«rdS»a*.'eM^si 
by the persoiutf .oririttal 
ideas which fit ekpresied^m a 
voice wiiicfa insa-tmc pletenrr 
to listen to. " '//J- . 

He had a fiteiRty for - words 
and a love of 
which have 'fcd hira: 

another -career; hc-rijad fitr. the 
Bar at one tumLandbc i 
the cornpaj»-Kad 
absurdities of tawyeai 

He could well Mfr : a 

. profosskmal 

bad.a muskaJ ear, jn^nxRxand 
knowledge, wftka 'pot 'itiany 
amateurs posset lie fcad fcw 
prejudices, apart a?tfislike 
of sloppy thfnki'vg 
sentiments, whien may haye 
stemmed: from . cMeal 
education- ' . „ - .. 

- .His astringent wit .was' a 
source of mud^pkaMie. 
though there were gc^uBpns 
when peeqale were apttowoAlcr 
if they had beard htmc orhxti y. 

We looked on at the apfalljM 
march erf his illness with grief 
and total admiration Hr for 
way that he and -'Rofomary 
came to. terms with . is. Her 
courage matched Hit 

broadcasts when - he -talked 
about his illness and ho &illi- 
win be remembered . by 
one who heard them. ... V. 

& «■ 

u . 

T- . 1 

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A - 


Ekecothfe Editor Kenneth Reel 

• l *i 

A year ago Treasury oflkiafeand. - the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer sat in frozen 
honor as-steding Quashed towards, parity 1 
with the dollar. They are detennined not 

to repeat the experience: :> /, 7 - 

.At the first ijgn of real. pressure on the', 
rate, they have acted promptly, 
with Midland leading (a? promising sign) 
bank ba$e rates yesterday were pusHed up 
a point to IZ& percent . . . 

Mrs Thatcher’s -Govemment can still ' 
hang oh to its inflation forcasts but the 
markefis not yet convinced ihat'a point 
oninterest rates will be enough to stbp thc 
erosionof confidence over the past- six- 
weeks or so, _ 

Early .in December, the authorities 
opted, to contain, the pressure; on sterling 
by speaking the reserves; witness the $416 
million underlying fall last month. Sterling :• 
nevertheless continued *tO .weaken. Is_ 
December it fell 1 0 pfennigs againstthe 


/ Meanwhile, ‘the sterling which tire 
authorities acquired via exchange rate 
intervention needs to be brought within 
the UK, monetary sector to secure a return. 
This may or may not account-far the huge 
rise of £ 4^8 billion , in the supply/ of 
deposits from the UK monetary sector to- 
the London and. Scottish Banks -in the 
hanking month-- of December.. Neverthe- 

the level of bank: lending did rise 
during the period under review from an 
underlying £1.6 bQIion to over £2 billion. 
Unsettling reserve figures were immedi- 
ately followed by poor monetary numbers. 
At such a juncture, sterling rates had : 
nowhere togo but upward. , 

But sterling -was still down another 10 
-pfennigs against the DM during January, 
until late yesterday and at 77.9 fluttering 
below the deemed floor of the trading " 
band pf the irade-weiighfed index. And the 
action has not really started yet on the oil 
front” Over the New Year, the spot oil 
price was relatively firm. 

The authorities inky therefore have to*, 
go ' through . another set pattern of. . 
responses again shortly, if there are further 
threats to sterling* The net affect may be to 
push rates higher, erode the Reserves base 
^ and stiU help drag steriing lowcac. . t 
In the short term, this prospect is likely 
to be overlooked. The guts maricet ended 
the day on a firm note,. and sterling, 
improved by some S pfennigs ; against the 
DM, doting ar DM 3.56. The Govern- 
ment Broker was in,- the market, 'and . 
selling ha^lAsbuytastkme in for 
exhausted *most of -his, £60(1 


The Chancellor himself has become , a 
hxvisible figure pre-Budget 
And his current thinking on s udi 
improtant questions as the impace onUK 
ourput of using real interest rates is not : 
known. But there is no u doubt that the. 
continued rapid growth m broad money • 
has materially affected money market . 
confidence. .. 

The market is already alarmed by the 
strength of final UK demand. November ; 
retail sales 1 ore by 3.1 per cent in volume 
tda record 117.6, and the December figure 
is expected to show even more buoyancy.' 
Traders yearn for . some evidence of a 
disriplinedapproachlto the economy, and 
in the meantime, signal their dissent in the 
time-honoured way - by selling. 

Few, if any, sterling crises have been- 
resolved by a single base rate hike, and 
most traders went home last, night 
expecting at least another point on base , 
rates before confidence begins ta return. 
But if tax. cuts are scheduled then 
yesterday’s increase in money rates may 
be just the start o£a protracted upward - 
movement in base rates: • 

Stormy weather on 
market barometer 

Yesterdays sharp foil cm the' stock- market 
could not have come, at a worse moment 
for those who follow the sta tisti ca l runes. 
For ' there is a wen-naseaiiched theory, 
jated by the controversial Robert 

an, that the year as a .whole will 

follow the pattern up down or tideways, of> 
the year’s first five- trading sessions. 

Yesterday, wasthefifthsuchs^on, and 
thanks largely to the impact of the base 
xate riaes "the net resuit-smec New Yearns 
r Day has been A-decfine of 7*6 to 1,123.8 in 
the FT -3&-tirare indpx./ — r ' ■ : 

V • Mr. Beckman apocalyptic bean his 

Investors Bulletin, ha s^lfeen. forecasting 
Armaggedon for as long as anyone can 
rapember. Naturally he..w£D; sehee on jiny 
evidence, that we .are - heading fot-:A 
Significant downturn. Hqwevpr, 

-that a bear maiket^^ti^^residted^ 
-these first- five days’ trading retrace what 
he calls die Santa Claus Rally - that period 
of Euphoria between Christmas Eve and 
January 3, when foe critical- guard is at its 
slowest and the air xs Uncle wrfofNew Year 
share recommendations. * 

The Santa dans fatly ihdudes4he two- 
normally most bullish days of foe- year, 
Christmas Eve'and Nevf Yeai^s Evc. True 
-to- form, the FT index rose from 1,113.5 to 
1449.6 a healthy3.2 percentinorease. 

But, says Mr Bedonam whenever foe 
first five trading days of . the New Year 
have retraced those gam^ wifoom expeo- 
tatiozz, a bear market has followed. 
Happily for the buds;- we-are still -10.3 
aboye foe index reading on the morning of 
December 24, so the _ barometer - is, 
wavering between cloudy* and stormy. ' 

The next landmark, according to past 
experience, is the index position at the end 
or January. If that is lower - than this 
morning's level, the outlook is gloomy. If 
the index manages to, climb above the 
present 1,123.8 by then, there would be 
only a moderate decline over 1986 as a 

The rationale for. this seemingly 
mystical piece of analysis is that foe 
behaviour of the maricet in eariy January 
shows traders’ true opinion of Christmas 
euphoria, some of which is inspired by the 
.desire of fund manners to dress up their 
.portfolio performance before books are 
ruled off on December 31. In the end, it 
can only be said that that is hqw events 
hive unfolded in the past But, as Mr 
Beckman himself points out, the first 
seven English kings named Henry each 
had an average of Only 1 .3 wives. 

More power to 
Weinstock’s elbow 

- GEG has received a timely boost, in its 
£1.2 billion' bid foir Plessey; -it has been 
ohosen to head the -first phase of the 
Research and Development Communi- 
cations in Europe project (Race). 

•• The contract is worth fittie in money 
terms but St does underline, to Plessey’s 
intense frustratiem, GECs prime position 
as a telecommunications supplier and 
reinforces Lord . Wtinstock’s arguments 
about the need to merge foe work of the 
two British companies in public telephone 
exchange 5 * It also undermines Plessey’s 
case that European . collaboration will 
provide a viable alternative to GECs bid. 
The RAGE* announcement confirms 
GECs position as coordinator of all 
important collaborative work. • 

System X, the digital telephone ex- 
change produced jointly by .GEC and 
Plessey, may be about to win its first 
significant export order. GEC is in a prime 
position to win System X orders in Iraq 
■ which is modernising its telecommuni- 
cations network. System X at present lacks 
credibility in- international markets; no 
significant order; outside Britain, -has been 
placed. . , 

-Plessey, which is due to release its 
formal defence document on Monday, 
also had some encouraging news to 
announce yesterday. • Dataquest figures 
show that Plessey. • Semiconductor 
achieved 28.89 per cent increas e In it s 
safest of microchips in the European 
market last year, a bigger increase than 
any other company. 

V ‘ The need to create a powerful new 
British force in telecommunications and 
electronics, "the enabling technologies" of 
the modem age, is urgent. A new circular 
by brokers Wood Mackenzie points out 
that GECs acquisition of Plessey is a 
necessary but not sufficient -step towards 
creatmgsuch a force; 


restraints ‘cost UK 


a year 

By GrahamSearjeant, Financial Editor 

Agreements imposed on share of . the market and because they are easier to - greatest percentage increase in 

tfcvcioping coimTries and Japan Japanese companies ., have impose under a loophole in the prices is imposed on cheaper 

io restrain their exports cost .', started producing in Britain. General Agree men t on Tariffs goods bought by poorer people. 
British consumer as much as -The cost* would; -be' even and Trade and because it is T . 

£1 bUKon a year in higher prices ' higher if allowance is made for easier for governments ‘to Umits based on a snare ol tne 

Jbr. -cars, clothing, video-re- jobs lost elsewhere in the . conceal the cost-fipm foe public nmritet, suoi as the restraints on 

economy as a result of the ' ibah the hijthex prices produced imiwns of Japanese cars, are 


and footwear alone, economy 
_ to a study of foe costs.' diversion of consumers' spend- 
benefits. If other voluntary ing to pay the higher prices or 

afoustments in the exchange 

restramt agreements 
were included, foe 
figure would be even bigger, its 
.author say. 

The study, by Dr David 
;■ Greenaway and Dr Brian 
‘ Hrndfey for the Trade Policy 
Research Centre, says that foe 
cost of jobs saved or created in 
/ industries protected by foe 
„ restraints is in every case more 
' than the wages paid for them. 
The cost varies from £7,500 a 



The authors say that the only 
sure benefit of voluntary re- 
straints is to foe profits of 
domestic producers and that 
even if protection were thought 
essential to save industries from 
complete coHapseTT voluntary 
export restraints, such as the 
worldwide government orga- 

foe higher prices produced 
byatarifE . 

Voluntary . restraints limit 

even worse than quotas because 
domestic producers or trade 

overaeas prodHceis either to a- unions "= ** “ “P 1 ?' 1 
numaicdTo^ w 10 . moypoly power, to maxima 


percentage of the British mar- 
ket. They are more expensive to 
consumers than a tariff it is 
argued, because they encourage 
overseas producers to raise 
prices and profits as wdl as 
allowing home producers higher 

With a tariff at least foe 

profits rather than increase 
output. Restraint may even lead 
to a fall in home output 

The restraint on car imports 
costs British consumers most. 
The authors estimate foe net 
cost at £175 million a year or 
more thatn £500 million a year 
if foe premium on car prices in 
Britain over in other EEC 
countries disappeared in foe 

Argyll has : 
4% stake in 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 
Argyll Group yesterday ex- 
tended its £1.9 billion takeover 
bid for Distillers until 3 pm on 
January 28 after receiving 
acceptances for Z72 per cent of 
Distal ere’ shares from 4,242 


Argyll said it was encouraged 
by foe acceptance level, which, 
it tiaimed, was higher than 
normal at this early stage in a 
takeover bottle. Combined with 
foe company’s' previous 1.26 
per cent holding; it gives Argyll 
control of nearly 4 per cent. 

But Distillers said the accep- 
tances showed that Argyll had 

foiled to make any Teal progress 

Mr John Grnridl, foe chanv 
man,, sakt “This is no doubt 
due in part to its complete 
inadequacy and it must also 
reflect ' shareholders’ recognition 
of ArgyiTs lade of nndersian.- 
dmg of Distillefs’ international 
diinks, business, and of AigylTs 
failure to disdose any construc- 
tive fdansfor foe future.** - 

Both auks are -still nervously 
awaiting a dedfes from Mr 
Leon Brittaa, foe. Trade and 
Industry Secretary, -on whether 
to refer . foe :o£fer w the 
Monopolies Contmissioii. - : 

CBI seeks 21 winners 

_ TWenty-one of Britain's 
“brightest and smartest" 21 - 
year-olds .will be sought by the 
Confederation of British Indus- 
try fois year in a competition to' 

mark - the organization’s 21 st 
anniversary and Industry Year. 

A group of 21 -companies 
have each, contributed £500 as 

* prizes for the 21 winners of an 
essay competition in which 
entrants will be asked to outline 
“a viable; rounded argument 
about the path British business 
should take in the ftrture.” 

/ The Winners will go forward 
to a national final 



.608.04 (-5“ 

FT All Share, 

FT Govt Securities — 81.56 

FT-SE100 14042M1 

Bargains * 551 

Datastream USM ~1 06.41 (— <LB) 

New York 

Dow Jones «... -1507.77 (+2.06) 

Nikkei Dow * 
Hong Kong: 
Hang Seng.. 
: AO , 

,„13056.45 (+65.18) 

1^182484 (+1151) 
267X1 f ~ 




General ...... 

Paris: CAG 




Umdonfbdfqp: - 

Sora^S^^B (£229.75- 
230.25 • 

New York: *. 

Comex$332.55 - - •••-■•.. 



Befiant Motor — 
TDS Circuits 

AWcom frifl. 

Biomechanics .. — -v JBQp +2p 

Property Treat 50p +Q-50p 

SompotexHMgs. iBto+I^J 

Telemetrix «.^.-i^*-.l07p+8p 

British Benzol 88 ^0p +4J0p 

Berkeley Expl — ..^.„_.„93p +5p 
Desouttar Bros. 190p+t0p 
Comb. Tech. Corp. — — lip +1p 
Wartfie Storeys .«-.«.-™218p + 8 p 


Access Satellite —SSp-lOp 

Common Brothers 5p — Q.50p 

Cifer.„ -Ip 

jebsens Drilling — ^23p -2p 


Radio City '“A"! 
Boase Massbrt —. 
W.AHoWgs-— .. 
Da Brett (Andre) 

Grand Cent kivs. 
Central ASwood. 




Monument -12p -ip 

Brit, Home. 



wood wide government orga- 

sized Mnlti-Fibre Arrangcmcnt primiiim pn import prices goes 

- or the:’ indtstry^to-iitdustry . to tax payers. Overseas pro- ^ 

: year .per job in the competitive agreement, limiting imports of ducers therefore prefer a volun- absence of voluntary restraints, 
■footwear. industry to more than - .'Japanese cars" are the most taiy restraint which boosts their 

£80,000 a year in video-re- costly wav of achieving this. profits. They also tend to trade •What Britain Pays for Volun- 
corders, where existing Eero- The study charges that VERs up to compete on more tary Export Restraint - £8 from 
pean producers had a small are spreading rapidly only expensive goods so that the Trade Policy Research Centre. 

Green replies to MP’s claims 

' By Alison Eadie ■ ! * 

Sir Peter Green, foe. former 
ehairnyyi of Lloyd’s, has replied 
in detail to allegations by Mr 
■Brian Sedgemor^ foe -Labour 
MP, in ' the Commons last 
TnpntT) . 

Mr Scdgemore alleged - that 
Sir .Peter’s conduct, did not 
conform to -foe highest stan- 
dards expected at Lloyd’s. 

Sr Peter, £n a letter to 
"names’* in the Janson, Green 
syndicates; denied that any 
money from the offshore 
reinsurance company Imperial, 
in which he had a 7Kz per cent 
wfoVe. went to benefit his farm. 
All his shares in Imperial were 
transferred in January 1983 into 
a charitable trust, which could 
only be used to assist genuine 
causes. Sir Peter said. 

He also explained how the 
extra £34 milli on of reserves 
required to close the 1980 
accountwas funded. Mr Sedge- 
more alleged that Sir Peter 
never accounted fra foe interest 

Sir Peter Green: letter 
. to “names'” 

on £34 million placed in 

Sir Peter said the suggestion 
that £34 million was placed in 
.Imperial was false. Only £5.4 
milli on of the £34 milli on came 
from Imperial via a recovery on 
a stop-loss policy: 

He said he had received 
personal benefits of S213. 617 
(£148^345 in directors' fees and 
dividends from Imperial 
between 1972 and 1982. The tax 
on these amounts had or will be 
paid, hesaid. 

Sir Peter refused to comment 
on bis personal inquiry into 
-Unimar, a part of the PCW 
affair, as the matter was still 
under investigation by the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry.. He repeated the 
findings of a Lloyd’s study into 
the inquiry, which cleared him 
of any attempt at a cover-up. 

He denied that there was any 
close-' business relationship 
between him and Mr Peter 
Cameron-Webb and Mr Peter 
Dixon after they left Janson, 
Green in 196o _ and 1967. 
Lloyd’s has found -the two men 
to be ..responsible for foe 
misappropriation of £39 million 
belonging to names on PCW 

Sir Peter denied he was also a 

£200m jet 
for B Ae 

' By Edward Townsend 
; Industrial Correspondent 
-..'Mare orders from foe United 
States for British Aerospace's 
146 “whispering jet" airliner 
and its Jetstream turboprop 
aircraft worth nearly £100 
minion were announced yester- 

Sr Raymond Lygo, chief 
executive of BAC, said that 
another II orders would be 
announced in foe next few 
weeks,- bringing the total value 
to more than £200 rniHion. 

1 . The sales are a much-needed 
boost for the company, taking 
the number of aircraft sold in 
.1985 to 120, with a value- of 
almost £600 million. 

Twenty of the Anglo-Ameri- 
can 146, built at Hatfield in 
Hertfordshire and described as 
the world's quietest jet airliner, 
were bought by Pacific South- 
west Airlines of California. The 
airline has now ordered another 
four, worth S65 million (£45 

Three American operators 
have bought 20 Jetstreams, 
made at Prestwick in Ayrshire, 
for S70 million. Republic 
Express Airlines of Atlanta, 
Georgia, has bought 10 and the 
commuter airline CC Air and 
Metro Express of Texas have 
each bought five. 

Sir Raymond said BAC also 
had five firm orders for its new 
advanced turboprop (ATP) 
airliner, which is due to make 
its first flight this year. 1 

The company also shared in 
foe success last year of foe 
European Airbus Industrie 
consortium, receiving £550 
million. The group sold 89 of its 
widetodied aircraft. British 
Aerospace has a 20 per cent 
state in Airbus and is its wing 
designer and maker. 

Sir Raymond said that BAe 
had held preliminary talks with 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry on foe question of 
launch aid for the proposed 
Airbus TA9 and TA11 new 
medium- and long-range four- 
engined aircraft, which Airbus 

says are necessary to complete 
its family of jets. 



£: £ 1.4430 (+ 0 . 0045 ) 
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£: Swfr£ 9979 (+ 0 .D 1 ! . 

£ FFr 1 D.8483(+O.Q780) . 
£: Yen 291 .39(+1 .37) 

£ index: 77.9(+0.4) 

New York I 

£: $1.4 
& DM2.4485 

$ Index: 1 25 JiT-HM) 

ECU £0.617389 
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London: . 

Bank Base: 1216% 

3-month Intertank I2 , y«-1» r ii% 
3-month eligible bffis: 
buying rate 12% -12 

Prime Rats 950% 

Federal Funds 7%% 

3-month Treasury Bills 7.12-7.10% 
bowl price 106*?fe“ 

Barclays applies for 
listing in Tokyo 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 
Barclays B ank will become 

the only company to have-ite 
shares quoted on' the -Tokyo 
Stock Exchange if it succeeds in 
its application for a listing, 
announced yesterday. 

The bank’s bid to secure a 
quote for its parent company, 
Barclays pic, is part of an 
attempt to widen its financial 
services in Japan. Last June 
Barclays was the only EEC bank 

manager, said that foe appli- 
cation was also promoted by foe 
increasing 'interest of - Japanese 
investors • ■ *' 

Although Barclays wants to 
widen 'foe ownership of its 
shares through the listing, it has 
given no target for, foe pro- 
portion -of shares it would like 
to see- held 'in- Japan. The 
sponsoring- securities house for 
the listing is Nikko Securities, 

among nine that were granted a and -Toyo Trust and Banking is 
trust banking licence for Japan, to act as a shareholders' service 

agent . and . dividend . paying 

About 12 foreign companies, 
all from North- America, have 
Tokyo listings, including 
around six banks. However, 
other European companies, 
including BrittshTelecoitHnuni- 
ca lions and Cable & Wireless, 
are considering- applying for a 
listing. • - 

Barclays has had an ordinary 
branch in Tokyo since 1972. 
The Tokyo brandies of Barclays 
Merchant Bank and de Zoete & 
Be van are expected to merge 
into - a single office when 
Barclays de Zoete Wedd - is 
formed after the “big bang” in 
the City in October. 

Mr Humphrey Nonington, 
Barclays’ deputy chief general 

Fed agrees 
curb on 
‘junk’ bonds 

From Bailey Morris 

The US Federal Reserve 
Board voted yesterday to limit 
the use of “junk” bonds in 
corporate takeovers by placing 
stringent margin requirements - 
foe percentage of the bid value 
to be funded by the bidding 
company - on Shell corpor- 

The Fed passed, by three to 
two, foe controversial rule, 
which has been bitterly opposed 
by the Reagan Administration, 
particularly by foe White 

The majority agreed with Mr 
Paul Volcker, foe Fed’s chair- 
man, that the big rise in hostile 
takeovers financed by below- 
in vestment-grade junk bonds 
had contributed substantially to 
an alarming rise in private debt. 

Mr Volcker, speaking for the 
majority, said that foe new rule 
should not be regarded as an 
attempt to limit corporate 
takeover activity, as the Ad- 
ministration had feared, but as 
a new interpretation of existing 
laws covering margin require- 

In particular, foe rule would 
compose 50 per cent margin 
requirements on Shell corpra- 
tions which have no significant 
function other than to hold foe 
stock of foe target company. 

But Mr Preston Martin, foe 
vice-chairman who voted 
against foe rule, claimed that it 
would lead to “all sorts of 
international complications” 
which would give European 
acquiring companies an advan- 
tage in the American market. 

He added: “We are -starting 
down a slippery slide here. 
Given the rise in Eurobond 
financings. I am certain they 
will -find all kinds of ways to use 
that device, especially given foe 
foreign acquiring company 

The other opponent to foe 
rule was Mrs Martha Seegar, 
who was recently appointed to 
foe board by the Government 

Macro 4 poised for £24m flotation 

By Clare Dobie 

Macro 4, a computer software Macro 4 develops and sells 
company, is expected to be systems software for IBM 
valued at more than £24 million mainframes, 
when -it joins foe stock market : . The brospectus will include a 
this month. The prospectus is ’ profits Tbrecast of ‘£3 million 

due next Monday. 

As partioffoe flotation Macro 
4 plans to buy out its American 
licensee for 54.62 million (£3.2 
million). The company say? fois 
would enable it to increase 
penetration in foe world’s 
largest market for computers. 

before tax for the year to June 
30. Profits have -grown from 
£660,000 in '1984 to £2.03 
million -.last year. The forecast haJfvears. 
includes a £7 10,000 exceptional ' _ g 

Hargrave, apparently intend to 
stay with Macro 4. It is expected 
that one of them will join the 
board after the offer for sale. 

The consideration will be 
made up of a mixture of shares, 
cash and a deferred amount, 
held in escrow for two and a 


The American- vendors, Mr 
Robert Franco and Mr Peter 

planned on 

acquisitions are 
both sides of foe 

Boom year 
for loans 

The boom in con aimer 
lending continued in the second 
half of last year with the 
increase in personal lending by, 
banks rising to doable that of 
the previous six months, ac- 
cording to figures published by 
the Bank of England yesterday. 
Over the year to November 20, 
1985, mortgage lending by 
banks jumped by more than £4 
billion to £20 billion, an 
increase of 24 per cent on the 
previous year. Other types of 
personal loans in the same 
period rose 18 per cent to £20 

In foe three months to mid- 
November, foe Bank’s figures 
show that half the total rise in 
bank lending in personal loans, 
was matching foe increase in 
foe previous quarter. Over both 
quarters foe £4.6 billion in- 
crease in personal lending was 
double the rise in the preceding 
six months. 

Lending to manufacturing 
industry also rose slightly in -foe 
three months to mid-Novemb- 
er, up £523 million, following a 
similar increase in foe previous 

Pilot plant 

The National Coal Board has 
started work on its £35 million 
pilot plant to produce petrol, 
diesel and aircraft fuel from 
coal at the Point of Ayr colliery 
in Clwyd, North Wales. 

Beazer buys 

C. H. Beazer, the housebuild- 
ing group, yesterday increased 
its shares in takeover target 
French Kier to 45 per cent. 

Asda ahead 

Asda-MFI Group lifted its 
profits from £72.6 million to 
£72.7 million before tax in foe 
six months ' to November 9. 
Turnover was up from £1,166 
million to £1.256 million and 
the interim dividend has been 
raised from 1.16 to !J!5p. 

Tempos, page 19 

A £130,000 “golden 
handshake” is shown in foe 
latest annual report from Tate & 
Lyle for Mr Michael Attfield, 
who had been responsible for 
sugar trading. He resigned as a 
director last June. 

Volvo stake 

Fennenta, foe Swedish phar- 
maceutical company, has ac- 
quired control of Volvo’s 
pharmaceutical interests in a 
complex arrangement that gives 
Volvo a 20 per cent state in 

Butcher launch 

Mr John Butcher, Industry 
Under . Secretary,, yesterday’ 
launched foe Association of 
Quality Management Consult- 
ants, a professional body to help 
UK industry improve the 
quality of its output. 

Nationwide up 

Nationwide Building Society, 
Britain's third largest, yesterday 
announced recorif gross receipts 
of £4.8 million for 1985. 
Mortgage advances rose 28 per 
cent to £2119 million and £57 
million was added to general 

Tourist spree 

Overseas visitors are- esti- 
mated to have spent £480 
million here in October - 7 per 
cent up on a year .earlier, 
according to foe Department of 
Employment In the first 10 
months of 1985, ' overseas 
visitors are estimated to have 
spent £4,825 million - an 
increase of 21 per cent on the 
first 10 months of 1 984. 

GEC in plan 
to build 
data link 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

GEC is to head a group of 29 
European companies which 
have been granted a contract 
worth 6 million ECUs (about £4 
million) to prepare a plan for a 
broadband telecommunications 
network stretching - across 
Europe. Three other British 
companies are taking pa rf. 
Plessey, STC and Thom EMI. 

The project is the first phase 
of the Race programme (Re- 
search and Development in 
Advanced Communications 
Technologies in Europe). ,By 
1995 a network capable of 
handling all the. needs of 
business and domestic com- 
munications is .to be oper- 
ational. It willinclude high- 
speed data tr ansmis sion and 
digital television signals.- The 
network will be able to carry 2 
million items of infor mation a 

The four British companies 
are joined by. seven from West 
Germany, five from both 
France and Italy, for - from 
Belgium and two from- both 
Spain and The Netherlands. 

The group's co-ordinator, Mr 
Mel Price, deputy managing 
director of telecommunications 
at GEC. said:. u We are looking 
at people to contribute., to the 
areas where they- are' -most 
expert”. ■ • 

The group will produce the 
blueprint for foe European 
[Commission • •' 

Base Rate 

Increases by 1 .0% to 1 2.50% 
per annum with effect from 
9th January 1986. 

Deposit Accounts < 

Interest on Deposit Accounts 
increases by 1 .0% to 6.75% net p.a. 
with effect from 9th January 1986. 
For those customers who receive 
interest gross, the rate increases to 
9.03% p.a. 


§• MidlandBank pic, 27 Poultry, London EC2P 2BX 

. -v. 






Jan Jan 

7 8 

Business was active in several 
markets yesterday, reflecting a 
health; combination of specu- 
lative and fimdameatnl fiuton. 
Bnanriaf futures has a busy 
day as the scare about base 

rates baftt op during the day. 
Options also atimcted atten- 

Coffee and cocoa were 
vigorous among the softs. 

kingly at tse point and there 
was talk of sell formations 

Starling received .a boost from, 
the' higher British In t er e st rata 

Coffee and cocoa were " Metals benefited from iter- A rise of 1 ner cent in the big 
rigorous among the softs, ling, alumin ium and copper fonr * s j— t^s, to 12ft pa 
Odfee, in -lhct, dipped distar* • seS*g heattby activity-. St, wu. well received by 

O W Jwnam mi Go raport 

M month* imuafad. 
Vat ML 


ant, -was. well received by 
dofers ia staling* 

Despite a fresh fall in North 
Sea crude ell plica and a 
basically firm date, the pound 
waa able to hold a nseful 
advantage over the dollar and, 
rather more significantly, apod 

guns against leading Continen- 
tal*. • * 

At the end of the day, 

was below its best JJJJ 

stiU showing a rise of 45 pomte 
at 1-4430 against the doltor- 

In tenns .of the 

pound strengthened to 3 i 5 jw, 
compared wift 3-5122 
night. The pound's e®ai™ 
wi«ham» . index, tfler Toes- 
day’a toll, rebounded to 77 ' Jr * 
rise of 0-4. points, compared vrah 
Its prwhHBdowng cilnititw n. 



n & 

££* *rss-*^«s 






gjjjLiwgefta— Uiwpwt 



mans nim» 

£11820 El 15-45 
£11825 H17 JSS 



, 0.7888-077 65 


„ 21242-213.78 

„1 1^820-11^740 





Hudson Bay Mtn 



Period rates settled a Kttie off 
the top yesterday as the banks 
wait to 12Vfc base rates on 

J Authority! 

nth 12V1 

o Ex dfltBasign. a BM. k Ktaritn dual ■ Nnr tBut p Etna spit. l Tnaafl. « UnwM. 


^sxasssr'^ ■ 

.......... . . 

JunM — - 

Sop 88 


Provtau* day, total opw Intorost 17908 

Mar W I 


Sap 88 

Fmtaa days anal open Mamt 2681 

Mar 88 

Jut 86 

Sap 88 

Preview* day*! total upon Haras! 852 

Loos on 


Sap 83 

Dec 80 

PmtoWdars Mai open More* 4907 

FT-SE no 


Jui as , ... 

Previous tf*y* total open Maraat 1810 

They still looked rather too 
firm, though, for this level of 
base rates, traders said. The 
key, three-month interbank 
term deposit, for instance, 
looked rather too costly at 
I2 ‘Vm-% 8 per cent. It vis at the 
longer end that rata were 
chiefly off the top. 


Clearing Banks 18 1 * 

Finance Heun 12 
Meooiatt MaM Lama% 

ssasflfi, 1 '! umn 

2 m o nth s. 1 A 2 momh* 12 *, 

Smooth* 12 > 4 3 months 12 

Prime Bank BOs (Discount 

1 month • 12V12 5 , 2 months 12V12^ 

3monttis 12V12 6 months 1ZVH T , 

Trade BBs (Discount V) 

1 month 13 Zmonths 13 
Smantha IP* 6 months 1 ft 

0*wnJgiitopan12’«-12>» dOM Iftrl 2 ** 
iwaak ift-lft 6 months 12*w-i2'» 

1 month 12 "h- 12>4 Hmorths l2V12 7 a 

3 months 12"*-12*„ 12momh* 12V12P’« 
Local AMbortty Deposits (%) 

2 days 11-UP, 7 days 11-10’, 

T month 11V11** 3 months 12<r12 

6-months 12V1Z 1 , 12 months 12-1 U, 

1 month 12 Vl 2 *k 2nxmtfia 12V124 
3 months I2>j-iz>i 6 months l2Vlft 
8 months 12V12 1 , 12 months Ift-lft 

S l srik w COaJW 

1 month lft- 12 1 * Smooths Iftlft 
8 months Iftlft 12 months 12 Sr 12 ** 

1 month 7JC-730 3 months 7j£7.78 
B months 7JB07.75 12 months 7.93-7.80 


DiV Vld 

Pile* Gh'sa nance % P/E 

IBS 118 
302 246 

152 123 

120 88 
1M S3 
tM 152 
MO 1M 
57 4Ft 
». 23 

374 312 


7 days • 7V7*u 
3 months 8-7', 

7 days 4 >iH 7 w 
3 months 4 f1 ir4>« 
French Franc 
7 days 9V8 
3 month* lft-1 Va 

ftriaa n w c 
7 days 1V1 V 
Smooths 4Sr3*Si 

7 days Aft 
3 months S»*ft« 

cal 6VA 
1 month B-7 7 , 

G months S-7 7 , 
cal S4 
1 month 4Vi't 
Smooths 4 T 'n-4*a 
caB ID-fl 
1 month lavs’, 
3 month* lft-1 A 

an avi 1 ! 

1 month 4 4F, 

8 months 4 , «r3*w 

05 7-6 

1 month adirS"* 

6 months OVA 

SowstaiW (nawt 

*79J)„-30JW f£S4.6 

Fbtad Rats Slirlng Export Rnanca Schama IV 
Asscaga rafanmoe nrte far Maraat period 4 
December. 1985 to 7 January. 1986. Inclusive: 
11.838 parcanL 

use ieo 

302 254 

142 114 

78 as 

11* 81 

2BS 242 
us - aa 
590 416 

303 -23S 

320 - 233 
MB 78 

113 100 

580 406 

132 106 

134 100 

163 720 

334 23S 

74 B8 

121 >1 

1S5 ITS 
143 17 

»t 230 

ms lay, 

30* 851 






2 SB 



11 * 









• .. 





• .-18 





3 MW 6 








■ -a 


. 4 % 



• -?• 

13 * 

a -a 





e -i 


4 l 





• 410 







83 V 

• .. 




• -2 




• 41 





• .. 






1S7V 1211—8 Bra 204 
78 TrNnVlMwtca 84^ 
ill iyp«sfcaui« 123 

H IrZSr 'tt 

m T—M Sr m 
8« 3S5BWOP" __ S 
24* -mraoEacundCln 30* 
137 Dan Oca— 1*2 
IBS TOW _ ’« 

TVt -nuaMthe JO 

1 S 6 USD— — 231 

m vamgRaHuraa av, 

*4 Ktia nBaa M 

-2 U 2J 

-1 14 U 

4-1 Uk 8.1 

-X m7k ZB 

-1 u o 

+« 2SJ) s.1 

-a 2U 41 

1.7b U 
.. 08 16 

48 31 
8.1 86 
-1 Ub‘8.7 

— 1 14b 84 

































oner Omg vm 

Ofhr Ong VM 

aL6nHfa»niSt.li0n<)qnECg 1 2DB 

Do Accbw 
Q anaratfeic 


GK YMdfelC 
to too— 

N Amman tnc 
_ Patou, 
Facto Inco m e 

B81 10*4 
TM 747* ' 
VJ> B13a ■ 
mm is7. a a 
1744 itsse 
1063 ms* 
1625 1678 
488 7440 
1382 1448 
1482 1588 
1474 15M 
424 4Ua 
*94 6270 

Mi 9M 

" 105.1 lift? 

620 aenm 
719 774 a 


BS 0478/8 . 

984 B&2 

680 S1J 
1*88 CT.7 
3Z3 34J 

314 68D« 

234 281 

161* 1780 
1842 1781 
174 184B 

1224 1304 
380 414 

188 182 
144 183 

484 827 

*02 148 
*02 148 
-14 841 
-17 841 
-03- 848 
-07 049 
-14 899 
-14 049 
404 1.12 
404 1.12 
404 870 
*04 070 
—02 113 
-04 113 

-81 1.11 
-81 245 
-04 140 
-88 229 
-81 828 
-0.1 841 
-04 410 
-04 849 
.. 1047 
488 1M 
.. 248 
-04 844 
402 i.n 
-04 142 
-08 041 
404 878 
412 840 
484 8ZS 
481 140 
414 052 
.. 043 
402 148 
402 348 
.. 118 


0|6 onar Orp W 

onu Omg vm 







Oft* G&ng VM 

-83 813 
-04 812 
-04 029 
-06 IH 
-88 440 
-14 440 
-in 883 
.. 077 
.. 027 
414 1.18 
414 1.10 
.. 048 
.. 048 
-07 24 
-04 225 
481 127 
404 127 

-81 941 
-81 091 
-81 547 
-02 89 
480 148 
408 148 

OOar Qua VM 


-04 320 
-02 080 
402 MM 

422 14* 
404 145 
42.1 178 
424 178 



UK ttlfcat Marti 

Joan Fartonnmca 


to Aacun 
Ei , c onn Pal Inn 

-1.0 811 
-81 470 
-085 4JD 
-04 871 ■ 
-1.1 371 
—22 8JB 
-04* 3JJ6 
-89 3. JO 
-02 210 
-17 4.79 
-005 425 
-1.1 1147 

33U mi -81 247 
*182 4884 -49 227 
644 E84 -04 UM 

692 994 -04 128 

77.0 221* -81 817 

772 (B40 -81 817 

6U 622 402 041 

569 S24 +0£ 041 

364 304 405 282 

374 404 485 242 

847 59* 484 Mi 

684 802 401 838 

634 674 —84 ua 

684 874 -04 141 

-oa 290 I rn n rm-imanr ■itiinniuntr 

■M08MM0 to. MMMaw, Kant MEM 1XX 

ULASMnant . 274 284 ‘ -02 2J» 

MAMnamt 444 472 485 1.12 

MLA paua ai as* .. im, 

MLAhKORW 324 *47 -114 571 




8 73 

M2 8M 
32.1 949 

484 820 
402 228 
*04 170 
-03 222 
.. 078 
414 844 

-05 sat 

402 048 
402 240 
-88 546 
-09 528 
-81 874 
.. 248 
481 471 

■-08 '.l 

.. 327 
404 .. 

■41.1 228 
402 349 
'-87 471 
-84 448 
-81 183 
.. 818 
-14 248 
-14 241 
419 057 
481 2.10 

'414 140 
414 148 
41.1 13S 
41.1 143 
4U 12S 

402 128 
-02 947 
-02 *47 
483 4.17 

403 4.17 
-04 834 
-1.0 841 

404 043 
404 B43 

-a* aw 

412 147 
412 147 
-02 1.71 
-02 171 
402 141 
402 151 
-07 831 
-07 021 
402 028 
.. 843 


494 825 

514 552 


2B. n Andram 8*. E0H»tf> 


UUncamaUito 1294 1388 

to Acorn 1891 2012 

12. a Andraoi 88 HHaaMl 

UCEMrty 1484 19(4 

Amoloni 1374 1472 

Facto 1102 1244 

Emopaan 1784 MU 

Mcornw mutual nvsnMEtfrsMHi 



UKEqOy 1414 1004 

niMd it»5 115.1 

UKSnO’Ca'lBa 1181 1256 

Earapaan 1483.1694 

HAnarcaa 172 1084 

Facto 1092 1134 

394 382 -0.1 .. 

-2B4 314 .. 078 

327 359 405 87S 

372 388 -81 590 

FO BMflto BMogh BMO S8U 

1344 2079 —14 
2222 2384 -81 



SpacMSaan ■ 424 494 


HtonW 108 Mqn bn K LatM* WC1X6J0 

tanlM* 2114 2284 *04 1 

DoAecumUM* 2314 204 484 1 


j, £H 


W1 2 HU 
2214 2381 
1424 1522 
1087 1184 
1080 117.1 
4774 500.1 
0980 077.7 
2285 2484 
2404 2G83 
2134 2272 
2149 2719 
1482 1527 

487 £2* 
481 228 
480 22B 
414 191 
417 191 
-24 441 
-81 441 
-1.1 149 
-19 190 
-04 OS 
-04 021 

3954 3572 -34 246 

02 584 407 I TS 

S51 838 -81 199 


414 142 
419 197 

1986 ' 

**<* * V 





Hie stotfc market ' was 
shrondSd in gloom yesterday. . 
Tbc base rate increases, ‘ al- 
though sot unexpected,, ana foe 
dwindling hopes -of Budget tax 
cuts*' pushed paces ' sharply- 
lower with,.! once again,- the - 
stores sector forced to absorb 
heavy punishment 

At up &ose'foe FT 3Q store 
index* was down -1 1:5 points at. 

I, 123.8, ppthts. It -tod started^ 

the day wit?* a. modest gam, on , 
the backofWaH Strdst,\Sut then', 
lost ground and- was atone time 
down almost 15 . points, putting* 
it 36 points below the.-jpetk : 
trading. kand, briefly! hjt ■ oaC 
Friday. ... . 

The JT-SE share • index felf 

II. 0 points to - U40C2.. points.-^ 

Daiastream calculated, that 
£2,000 nufiioa was: wiped off' 
share values.. "; 

Government stocks fell by as • 
much as £% The Government 
broker, after cutting prices, sold 
the remainder of the Convert- 
ible 9 % . per cent 2,004 and 
Exchequer JOVtper cent 1 ,997.:' J~. 

Storehottse^the British -Home 
Slores-Habitat • Mothercare " 

vehicle, could not havechosen * 
a worse day for - its market -. 

The shares started at 300p 
and feJLto around 280p with* at 

Tefetoetrjx, designers and . 
nMiwfacfurers - of electronic 
products;' gained 8p to 107^ 
yesterday. The company is due 
to meet analysts nert Thursday. 
The shares tore been as high as 
400p last year, but fell from 
grace after a gloomy statement: 
from die an " IB » 1 .meeting ; 

least one broker selling heavily:, ; 
Rumours abounded ofinvestore. 
suffering heavy losses because’ 
for the failure of the rumoured 
BHS counter bidder to appear. V 

One su gge stion , wjyj. at least ; 
one syndicate had ran into; deep 
financial trouble , pnd - waS 
seeking a rescuer. • 

There was evidence of forced, 
selling with some of the recent : 
take over favourites the mam 

Storehouse finished the day' 
at288p. Other jstoresjo ruaintD- 
sclling: included. Woohraith. 
Holdings; W. H. Smith; Boots 
and the Burton, Groip.: > " 

The’ maricet was,- however;, 
still capable of producing! the 
odd takeover rumour. Before; 
prices fell back, there were 
str o ngstqrics.thay AJBed-Lyouv 
the .mod 

ByDerek Pam and Pam Spooner 

planned to move, into die 
Hanson Tnwt, Imperial Group, 
Unfled Biscuife triangle with an 
offer for United Biscnto. 

UJfrwas at ototimetip higher 

at 2£4pbut finished- at 253p. .. bidder, was unchanged at 138p market men have, been hopin 
Imps lost 3p to 246p and and Guinness, * sitting on .the- at least for recovery and at bes 
Hanson Trust*., .victor in ift; mddincs and dithermg whether for a bid. took a knock in carl 

protracted straggle for SGM, l to intervene, fell 5p to 303p. trade.: The shares lost 12p to 
easea-lpto 199p. Allied was at-. BnrmahOfl continued to 318p, but later rallied to 323p. 

onctiine Sp-bigber at 280pfcar- -attract takeover speculation. «AT industries rose Sd 
-feajed with a 5p deficit at There havebeen at least two put a^inst thetn^to 31^Tha2 

M«fy J -ww!sizfiablfi buying - around] 
.._JhC • .Monprafoei .Com aShaa shares, Has week Mr SXMXX) shares -ra New. Yorif- 
mission is probing a £1,800 Gerald Ronson’s Heron Inter- ©d Tuesday night , and it looked 
• V' .'i i' ' ' Mf i '- it ' — as though United States inves- 

■: The - _h 
mission is 


Three join 
of Courage 

Courage: Mr R McLaren will 
become managing director of 
Courage Simonds. Mr R J 
Spence joins the Course board 

as managing director oTSaccone 

and Speed. M N E Holmes joins 
the board. 

Pearl Assurance: Mr Charles 
TSdbnry has been made a non- 
executive director. 

International Commodities 
Clearing House: Mr Richard I 
Stockman becomes vice-presi- 
dent and manager. 

Svenska International: Mr 
Peter Calmer has become 

associate director. 

Evans of Leeds: Mrs P E 
Horsbrongh and Mr J This- 
tkshwaite join the board of F R 
Evans (Administration), Mr P 
A Turner and Mr P I Holley 
join the board of F R Evans 
(Leeds) and Mr T L Parrish 
joins the board of' Redvers 

.. DwtiHfersCo., -as the market . announcement of new orders 
still tormented itself over the for ovil aircraft , from the US. 
Monopolies Commission' refer- The ’share price slipped lOp to 
encedecaaion, was 7p stronger 471p. . 
at 495p. Argyll Group, the Pllkfogtmt Brothers,, where i 

Barham Group held at 118p -yesterday. The heavy rights issue - fo 15 were following through in 
four for foreeat llOp - has beies -93.6 per cent taken up with tlie London yesterday, 
rest of the slmes fe&j sold in tire maiieL The grbup which covers • Xo -rfia, ^thc overseas trader 
advertising. puhlishlng aod finanrial services, has nearly, finished by Mr Toiny Rowland, 
its present dealvlts lartac^aisiam was Fleet Street Letter, the rip- stayed at the. centre of City 
sheet group, .which fcpmefcwedffoin Cariten CB Bmn w l e aa oas for spccnlatiom The share price 
fl2Jmffltek - r °se. another lOp to 225p, 

•" •" ~ ■■ ■■■ — — - j j making a twoniay gain of I9p. 

;. _ - - . , . ' Apart from optimism about 

milium offer for Allied: from national remains the market the results, due at the end of this 
Elders, th© Australian conglom- fevouritetobkL . . month. City men are intrigued- 

crate. Trafalgar House shares cwn- at the idea that a consortium 

Hlkmgton Bnrthera, theglass tiimc to fkU fonowmg.the bad ; bid attack is brine - raepared. 
group, ; eased Ip to 323p as a pew for its Scott - lithgow American investors like the 
largeline of stock cameon offer, shipyard snbisdiafy. Scott has took afLonrho’srfeeap assets, it 
Grand Mete»|M>fitaii ' was an- ' lost out on the recent -round of appears, 
other where chunky lines were orders from the Ministry of Jaguar shares held out 
around. ' . Defence. Trafalgar shares fen against the market weakness, 

Westland, the helecopter another Sp to 334p yesterday, rising Ip to 352p. The carmaker 
CTOUp. shed 5p to 78p as the . making a fell of roughly 17p is much-liked here and in 
Euro-AmrifrUn p >iangle con- ovar the past three.d*^ * 

tamed. v 1 if : : ..... Bo water Industries; was, also. - w.* 

— ■ m,; - mi:,; ii. „ Alliance received a boost 




Vam Breweries was strong - on the wane, falling I3p to 
. on . Ladbroke Group takeover 290p. The market is bring hope 

, gaimng np' to 376p: . that Hanson trust rwill follow )zT“: j/r 

breweries were flat. ' through with a bid for the paper 
o. «.n on. ; > — ■ .l". i. nour beiore 

KnrU fr° m Scrimgeonr Vickers, the 
broker, yesterday. The shares 
swaged 40p to 578p m half-an- 
hour before settling back at 
555p as Mr Stephen Dias, 

Celtic Havea fell 3l4p to 89p and packaging group now that it “ s 

as Kkentech- International, tooksfsetTto win SCM, the 
which had been expected to get American company,' and . is 
closer to. the WeSTS«mS,Tembroiled ’in rrakeover of ?5^ 

sold shares. Bine Arrow, which Imperial Group- - ' J? ™ 

is moving inta piihlic relations Hanson Shares dipped Ip to M on ^ shares. 
which the acquirifion of Trevor 199p, while Imperial eased 3p. . , 

Bass and AMOctetesvfor- £60,000 to 246p. Other compaines in becuse of ds steadily 

in ri»re?,foll 4p to 21 3p. . . which Hanson is rtekoned to |™T ving T* r m tl ? e United 

The. profits setback clipped have shar e stakes were also . “Jp share pnee ^°°^ 5 

2p off Bespak at :108p but weak,^ ^though largely because’of ocjcrrrunKl^to rettirn to the 
Hollas rose 3p to 31p on its 24 the poor, market tone. Babcock f5°?. lev 5 I ««*»*« “ e ^Sanes 

speculative run gaining 6p to 
4Ip- TDS CJrcuits rose 20p to 

3p. : City analysts were: perplexed 

4ip— TPS uicDjts rose 2 Up to British Aerospace came in for at the downward movement for 
14Spm.a.thfoinazket.. .profit-taking after the formal shares in S W Berisford, the 

; food, property and commodi- 

nrs - • Jg j i • • i'i» i 2 _- : ties group. Berisfovdshould be 

Tradea option mgnlignts .^ tt ss’s°s £r s 

shares in S W Berisford, the 
food, property and commodi- 
ties group. Berisford should be 

Lpnhre stood oot yet again on tors covered their bets on which ® raziI i WOI ! I Id coffee 

the traded options Bats, chalk- way the market indices will so. - , T® so ? rc 7 ' Berisford is a 
ing lip a total iff 3,054 contracts - Some 2,441 SE1 contracts lea ding trader in the beans, 
traded. Vtdnme. for the market were .traded. BP prodneed the United Scientific Holdings 
_as fr whole was signiflquitly only other four-figure volume, held firm, the shares gaining 2p 
higher than in the. past two or -with 1,168,- while BATs saw to 185p by the end of the day. 
three weeks, reaching 18,775 - 713, -BAe 709 and Imperial 746 The company, ’which is bert 
Contracts. •' contracts.' traded. There were known for its defence industry 

-Stock. • j Kxrhang g. - - options few^ fanifirairt jyim rfM ?gnr rwork, ..:ha& been tipped as a 

teJwni&ginpiCTs. . 

United Scientific Holdings 
held firm, the shares gaining 2p 
to 185p by the end of the day. 
The company, "which is bert 
known for its defence industry- 

Charles Tidbury 

Christian Salvcscn: Mr Brian 
H Fidler has joined the board as 
group finance director. 

Pannell Ken - Forster. Mr 
Nefi Payne becomes a partner 
of the Dublic office. 

Fitch & Company Design 
Consultants: Mr David Rivett 
has be£n made development 

Niarchos (London): Mr 
Walter H Hepber, Mr Geoffrey 
R Hawkins and Air Christopher 
J Bnumd have become direc- 

Vibroplant: Mr NeO Par- 
tridge has been made a director. 

Next: Mr Robert Cooper 
becomes group finance director. 

Thomas Warrington & Sons: 
Mr David Brown has been made 
a non-executive director. 

Gateway Foodmarkets: Mr 
Malcolm Hep worth becomes 
operations director and Mr 
John Toal becomes special 
projects director. 

More appointments 
. on page 21 



Hanson triumph draws 
mixed views from City 

The stock market reacted 
yesterday to Hanson Trust's 
victory over SCM by marking 
Hanson shares down by 2p. 

While some dealers say the 
acquisition falls in the classic 
Hanson mould, which is City 
speak for “very attractive**, 
others are concerned. In 
particular there is a widespread 
belief that the purchase of SCM 
will stretch Hanson's finances. 
These fears look misguided. 

At the end of last year 
Hanson had about £1,132 
million in cash, almost twice as 
much as its debt, which stood 
at £639" million including 
convertible loans, apart from 
die purchase of SCM shares, 
little apparently has changed 
since then. 

Until a fair value is ascribed 
to SCM, is it hazardous to 
forecast a gearing ratio for the 
combined group, but even if it 
were to reach 40 per cent, 
Hanson still would have plenty 
of scope for expansion. 

Hanson's gearing ratio has 
fluctuated sharply over the 
years, depending on its acqui- 
sition programme. Historically, 
gearing of more than 100 per 
cent has not prevented it from 
making progress. 

It will not be long before 
SCM is generating cash. Profits 
already are recovering and 
might even top 5125 million 
(£87 million) this year. Over- 
head savings of 520 million a 
year have been identified. 

This suggests that Hanson’s 
shares are good value. The 
implications for Imperial 
Group are less clear. Yesterday 
Hanson said its bid for SCM 
did not affect its ability to offer 
a cash alternative to Imperial 
Shareholders who have a paper 
offer before them worth 240p a 

But this should not be 
interpreted as a promise that 
cash would be forthcoming 
either at the existing offer’s 
level or at a more generous 

It is just possible that, once 
the advantages of the SCM 
purchase are better understood 
in the market, Hanson’s share 
price mil rise sufficiently to let 
the current bid for Imperial to 
succeed. At the moment 
Imperial's shares are 5p above 
the offer price. 


Through the cloud enshroud- 
ing the Westland affair, the 
company's share price, tike a 

beacon, has remained in the 
Stock Exchange list as a 
reminder that, if not the 
bankers, it is the shareholders 
who have the ultimate re- 
sponsibility for deciding the 
company's future. Last night 
the shares were 78p- 
After the suspension, and 
reinstatement, which preceded 
the announcement of the 
proposed deal with Sikorsky 
the share price has remained 
firm and perhaps the only 
surprise is that there have been 
few moves by the protaganists 
to take advantage of the 
continued presence of the stock 
in the list 

There has been no sugges- 
tion that the shares ought 
to be suspended until the 
situation is resolved. The Stock 
Exchange view seems to be that 
it would be wrong, at this stage, 
to remove from investors foe 
opportunity to either sell or 
buy in foe market. It is hardly 
surprising that some of the 
more risk averse investors 
have not cut their losses in the 

This is probably a reflection 
of foe fact that foe situation has 
gone well beyond that of a 
straightforward investment 
decision based on earnings and 


Shareholders in MFI have 
good reason to rue the day 
their company merged with 
Associated Dairies. Their old 
company was growing quickly 
and their shares were strong. 
Those who have stuck with 
MFI in the merged group, 
known as Asda-MFI, must now 
wait possibly until the 1990s, 
to achieve foe same results. 
Littie has changed at MFI, but 
there is plenty wrong on the 
food side. 

Problems were disguised last 
year by foe miners* strike but 
yesterday’s interim results 
revealed that profits in foe 
supermarkets are on foe slide. 
After higher interest charges 
group profits were barely 
higher at £72.7 million before 

Asda Stores’ profits fell by 
£450,000 to £43.0 million in 
the first half reflecting a 
volume gain of only 0.8 per 
cent in existing stores. 

The two new stores contrib- 
uted marginally and price 
inflation accounted for the rest 
of the salees increase. 

. The company admits to 

disappointment and blames 
part of the slow down on 
problems with home com- 
puters and on foe effect of 
adverse publicity about fatty 
foods on sales of sausages. But 
the underlying reasons are 
more fundamental than this. 

The irony is that Asda was 
head of foe food retailing 
league 10 years ago, befog the ■ 
pioneer of superstores. But' 
since then it has done tittle to 
keep up foe momentum. 

While Sainsbury, Tesco and 
foe rest have introduced own- 
label products, opened huge 
numbers of stores and brigh- : 
tened their image, Asda seems i 
to have sat back. To be fair 
neither has it changed its 
accounting practices as have 
some of its competitors, so that 
interest on its new stores is. 
still charged against profits, i 

MFI continues to make ! 
progress and its profits rose by 
124 per cent in foe first half; 
even though it encountered 
problems with kitchen units. 
MFi’s management is also 
having success at Allied Carpet 
Stores (formerly part of Associ- 
ated Dairies) 

The MFI side clearly has 
plenty of ideas for expansion in 
addition to an active store 
opening programme, which is 
continuing despite the cash 
outflow in foe group. It is at 
present experimenting with 
lighting, kitchens in Philadel- 
phia and even considering 
launching coordinated soft 
furnishings. For foe moment 
shareholders must content 
themselves with promises 
about foe benefits of joint 
property search teams and. the 
like. At 138p the shares are 
expecting rather more than 

The company has entered on 
a three year programme of 
change which will involves 
sizeable capital spending. This 
year it will amount to £150 
million and it looks as if this 
could rise in 1986-7. 

Already there has been a 
switch from interest received to 
interest paid out and it looks as 
if the trend will continue. 

As if to allay disappointment 
the board has increased the 
interim dividend by 8 per cent 
Thanks to a £3 million fall in 
the lax charge cover is unaffec- 
ted. Assuming there is a similar 
increase at tne final stage foe 
yield is 3 percent. 

Meanwhile the shares are 
trading on a generous multiple 
of 1 6 times earnings. 

,f ( . , 


do not Accept the utc/fiat package until 


The Consortium’s offer is better for your Company’s future than 
the UTC/Fiat deal, because: 

• The financial terms are considerably better 
® 50% more work guaranteed to 1989 

© Westland’s long term independence assured 

• Westland will have a major role in the European 
helicopter industiy and its guaranteed markets 




us in a circular This will explain in detail 
5 of our offer. 

Issued by 

Lloyds Merchant Bank 
on behalf of 
British Aerospace, GEC, 
Aerospatiale Agusta, MBB. 


Fran your Portfolio card check vour eight 
stare price movements. Add them np to nve 
von yonr overall total. Check this against the 

won outri S*“ or a share 
ot tne total daOy pnze mooey stated. If vou are a 
miuier follow the claim procedure on the bade 

of vo ur card. 

.Von, must always have vour card available 
when dazminL 



Stores tumble 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Dec 23. Dealings End, Jan 10. § Contango Day, Jan 1 3. Settlement Day, Jaa 20. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on. two previous days. 


£2,000 ‘ — v 

Claims requited for 



as a 

•• \*jg»rw.r--v" 


*v‘- - 



» .j.\ • ;Bjf JadithHimtler 

Jh* letting; market in Greater by aarti]fr2 million iq ftof 

sp®*,; i 53 per cent increased cat 
The prtryicms year. 

'.■■J&faer: Lang WoottdB 
mates that 1.6 million sq ft of 
be ■ com Dieted , in. 

London is looking _ 
according to Jones Lang wooi- 
toa. It reports an 88- per cent 
rix in take-up in the year -to 

. The suburban office nuufcev 

unlike its counterparts ia-ihe ■.wra^ umdon jjy 

City/ West ladlSd&fltoS^ 
has been in the doldn^vS- °r wffl be 

some ' time with little rental' •*T^ Br occupied ‘ - 

The survey - shows that 13.55 * uuUkm sq ft by last 
tenants took more than.' 2 September. Thu excludes the 10 

(tnflfnn Cn -A /vf « ; • ‘ tviillSinM A i?_ v _w _ . 

pleiions fell by 47 per cent to 
1.16 million sq ft. the lowest^ 
since 1981. This led to a 24 per : 

cent fell . in the amount of 
available space,, now ai 2.9i . 
million sq ft. 

Developers, ever optimistic, 
responded to the improvement 


ABN Bank 
Adam & Company . 

eca : 

Citibank Savings __ 
Consolidated Crds . 
Contin ental Trust _ 
Co-operative Bank . 
C Hoare & Co — . 
Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank Scotland _ 


Citibank NA 

t Mortgage Base Rale. 













12 %%- 

the central 

market. . 

West ‘London. — • with its 
proximity to Heathrow. Airport 
— continues to' ^dominate the 
office market acco unting for SI 
per cent of the- take-up and 40 
per cent of the availability. It 
also represents 56 per asm of 
both- completions and develop- 
ment activity. - ; . . 

South 'London, Croydon in' 
-particular, has fered less welL 
Jones Lang Wootton says a 
huge amount of. space -is still' 
available despite an increase in 
the n umber of iettings. In North 
London; Enfield and Barnet 
have seen some improvement 
probably • due to the M25 but 
other, areas ' have not been ' 
affected by that 

The most significant develop- 
ment for Easr London is-- the . 
Emergence of Docklands as an 
office centre. But . only the Isle 
.of Dogs, enterprise' jeone has 
really, established itself as a 
market and one which competes 
With- central London, not the 
suburbs. ; • 

Bryant deal could set 
i new office rent level 

St James’s offices sold 
to pension fund for £1 m 

. The Pillrfngton Brothers 
Pension Scheme has bought the 
freehold of 3 Duke of York 
Street in St James's, London, by 
info rmal tender for more than 
£1 million.- 

The 3,600 sq ft offices were 

sold by the occupiers and other 

The sale is subject .'to a six- 
month delay on completion 
while, the pension fund 
refurbishes the property. Small 
units win then be let 

• Campbell Gordon, the 
Reading estate agent, is 
i ip timk rif about the office 
market there. This may stem 
from the nnmrar that Bryant 
Properties* 21,500 sq ft office 
briming, QR60 in Queens Road, 
has been let to Barclays Bank at 
£14 a sq ft through Jones Lang 
Wootton and Gibson Eley. 

This would be a significant 
deal for the town. Rents hare - 
been languishing in the £1L50 
to £13 a sq ft range for the last 
months. And 

secondary office huOdugs hare 
been lucky to see rents of £7 a 

Meanwhile MEPC continues 
to deny that the first 149,000 sq 
ft phase of its Abbey Gardens 

development hns been let, 
despite persistent rumours. It is 
oo the market through JLW at 
£15225 a sq ft. 

MEPC intends going ahead 
with phase two erf the project. 
Unlike phase one which was 
funded by Legal & General, 
there will be no ins t ituti onal 
finance for the next stage. 
MEPC is funding it from its 
own resources. 

If new rent levels are achieved 
in Beading, it will be interesting 
to see what deal is struck on the 
Metal Box buflding with more 
than 100,000 sq ft Of sq ft space. 

Whoever takes over the 
company's lease at the present 
rent of under £12 a sq ft, will 
have to lace a rent review in two 
years time. 

But by then the Prudential 
and British Ball development at 
the station will be wed on the 
way to completion, offering top 
quality new space. It may 
depress the expected uplift in 

rent oq Metal Box and could 

lead the way for top lend prime 

# Unitization has happened in 
Brussels at least. The first 
development to be quoted mi the 
Bonne is the 350,000 sq ft 
Ghtverbel Budding which the 
Unilever Pension Fund has sold 
to two Belgian banks for £1$ 

Banqtte Bruxelles Lambert 
and Soctett de Banque bought 
the offices through their joint 
company CezthtvesL The banks 
have sold mite in the scheme to 

The Glaverbel Building was 
developed by Ghrrerbel, the 
plate glass manufacturer, which 
was acquired by the Gervain 
Danoine Group. 

• The demise of the £19.7 
mdUbn merger between Wingate 
Property Investments and 
Trafford Park Estates raises 
questions about the future of 
Trafford Park. Mr Stefan 
Win gs te, rtv» m anaging dir ecto r 
of Wingate Investments, was 
thought to he the heir apparent 
to Mr Nell Westbrook, the 
rhainuan of Trafford Park 


Mr Westbrook was 
considering retirement when the 
merger was agreed. Trafford 
Park recognised that new 
management should be Injected 
into the company. 

The agreement with Wingate 
was reached against a 
background of a possible bid 
from Peel Holdings, the retail 
warehouse developer which 
subsequently sold its shares in 
Trafford Park. But the way now 
would be open for Peel or any 
other predator to make a bid 

Plan for 17-acre retail park in North-east 

The retail sector shows no sign 
of weakening, at least as far as 
development is concerned. An 
emerging type of development 
is the retail park: New England 
Properties, the Newcastle upon 
Tyne-based company, wants to 
build a 1-7-acre retail park at 
SaiQa Burn,. . 

It says the scheme will have 

175,000 sq ft of specialist non- 
food space in seven units. The 
company has applied for plan- 
ning consent for the project 
which it says will be worth '£10 
million. New England made a 
pre-tax loss of £75 1 ,000 in 1 984, 
but hoped to return to profit for 
last year. First-half figures, to 

June 30. 1985. still showed a 
pretax loss of £262,000. 

Meanwhile, the outcome of 
another large retail project is 
awaited. The Penman Group's 
Centre 21. an out-of-town 
shopping scheme, goes to a 
High Court hearing on January 
22 . 

The interesting thing about 

the plan, put forward by Mr 
Derek Penman, the owner of 
this private development com- 
pany. is that it is American in 
concept. This does not merely 
apply to the appearance and 
quality of the 1.25 million sq ft 
scheme, but also to the devel- 
oper's idea of letting and 

and more to come 

Extracts from the Statement fay the Chairman, Sir Robert Haslam 

1 am pleased* in my last Statement as 
Chairman, to report record profits once . 
again. Continuing an unbroken-seven year 
upward trend, Group profits before tax 
were £76.7m compared with £65.4m in 1984. 

This maintained growth allows the' 
Board to recommend a finaf dividend of 
14 Jp per share, to make a total for the year 
of 2L0p, 16% higher than last year 

This has beenan exciting year for 
growth. Having prepared a strong base over 
the -bst few years, we have been able to 
initiate an acquisition programme that has 
balanced the geographical Spread ofour 
businesses; strengthened our position in ' 
overseas sugar markets and diversified into 
new markets that are nevertheless related . 
to existing skills. - 

-These acquisitions, which in total _ 
amount to £92m, represent a conscious 
change of pace, arising from a confidence , 
in the ftealLh of the Group^s existing 
businesses. They are performing well up to 
expectations. Recent expansion has 
substantially Increased our involvement 5 in 
North America. Nevertheless, we still • 
remain keen to expand our business at 
home and continue to seek suitable invest- 
ment opportunities. 

The EEC Sugar Regbne 

Negotiations for the new sugartegime 
for the period 1986/1991 are in the final . 
stages. The CouncD or Mmistem-has . " 

decided that UK beet quotas will remain 
Unchanged for two years* after which ihex 
will be reviewed hi the light of any-changes 
in demand'which may have occurred, hi 
particular this' will allow time for any 
possible developments in the chemical 
industry to emerge and for the level of . . 
subsidy required to sustain-s'uch potential 
uses to be assessed. 

New Chamnan 

I was very pleased when Me N. M. 

Shaw, our Group Managing Director, 
accepted the Board's invitation to succeed 
me as Chairman. As he wifl also rtiain his 
existing responsibilities, the Company will 
be continuing to make lhe best possible - 
use of his skflful and dynamic leadership. 


I have been privileged to preside over 
many exciting developments during my 
three years as Chairman; but one thing has 
remained unchanging, and that is the 
quality and commitment of the people 
who work for the Group throughout the 
world. I.would like to record my own and 
the Boards thanks to all employees for 
their skill and dedication which have 
contributed >6 materially to the current 
health of the Group. - - - 


In the last three years the Group has 
consolidated its position, and is making 
new investments whicji wUf maintain its 
momentum over the rest of the decade 
and beyond. The business is operating 
from a solid financial base and has every 
- opportunity to achieve further profit 
growth. 1 remain confidentof the ability of 
.the G roup under my successor and the 
,*• seasoned management team to grasp and 
exploi t these opportunities. 

Financial Highlights 1985 1984 

Turnover ' ' • £L6Z7m ' £ljS76rn 

-Profit before tax- ;£76-7m £65.4ra 

Profit after tax 
attributable to 

shareholders* £38Jm :£35.9m 

Earnings per share 55-3p 52. 4 p 

‘.Dividends per share 1 22-Op ' .19.fip 

Dividend cover- 2J> times '2-8 times 

'Bfjvrr rxlraaiieary lass. 

Figures for ] 984 have been restated to reflect - 
' . fee use oTavoagc exchange rales. 

wish to hate a copy of ■ the 1985 Animal Report, 

/i pieaseamipl«ttfi.f eoupon and trtum to: . 

J &BMcFteSeqtettrsTeie&LriePLC 
Sugar Quay, Lower Thames Street, Lmdn EC3R ffl)Q, 







. - 

•- • • 




Arrival of Ghostbusters lifts 
spirits in video industry 

Gremlins and Ghostbusters 
have- cometo the rescue of the 
declining prerecorded video 
market. After a disappointing 
start to 1985, first indications 
are that the final quarter of last 
year was the best ever for the 

The release of several block- 
buster hits, including Beverly 
Hills Cop and The Killing 
Fields, has reversed the trend of 
the previous 18 months. The 
British Videogram Association, 
which represents the video 
divisions of the major film 
companies and broadcasters, 
now expect- 1985 deliveries to 
the trade to match the £82 
million of the previous year. In 
the last quarter alone deliveries 
are thought to have exceeded 
£30 million! 

The best year for deliveries so 
for was 1983, when they had a 
value of £90 million. Since then 
the market has been contract- 

company’s subsidiary, Talbott 
Stores, ha* agreed to license its 
Talbot trademark to Beldoch 
Industries of New York. Bddoch 
intends to miunlhcturo and market 
a aide range of sportswear and co- 
ordinates under the Talbott labd in 
fee United States. 

has formed a new company, Tubory 
Construction (City), to cany out 
bunding work - particularly refur- 
bishment - in central London and 
.fee City, 

TRONICS: H21 Samuel reports feat 
after the announcement this week 

by Morgan Crucible of fee 
acceptances it has received fbr its 
offer for Hnt Castle shares, First 
Castle's chairman, Mr Leslie 
Connor, -has again written to 
shareholders, urging them not to 
sign any form of acceptance and not 
to sell shares in the market. 

• ASEA: The company is to 

acquire the VS Technology Group, 

wbreb . designs and builds systems 

primarily for use in the automotive 

industry «ui has an annual turnover 

of £20 milh'on. 

• COMXLCO: The company has 
found traces of oil and gas m its 

second petroleum well, Ungoolya-1. 

in petroleum exploration licence 23 
located within the Officer Basin in 

the north west of south Australia. 

Drilling was terminated at a depth 

of 2.193 metres on Dec 30 and the 
well was then plugged and 

• ALFA-LAVAL: This Swctfish 
group is to sell the Alfe-Laval 
oflfehoot, Jjno, of Vaestberga, 
Stockholm, to Transamerica Dela- 

vaL Theacqurotion is subject to the 

approval of the Swedish govern- 

ment. Transamerica Ddbval is the 
nufecturing subsidiary of Transame- 
rica Corp. 


company, which' is supported by a 

oup fo major British pension 
nds, has completed registration as 
a reporting company wife fee US 
Securities and Exchange Com- 
mission and has lined its stock for 
trading in fee US financial markets 

on fee Nasdaq quotation system. 

By Teresa Poole 

ing. Nearly all feature- film 
videos are rented by users 
rather than bought, and the 
industry has had to contend 
with a decline in the number of 
dealers. - 

On top of this, market 
research for the British Video 
Association last year indicated 
that people who have had video 
recorders for more than two 
years rent films less often. 
About half of homes that have 
television sets also have video 

It is the release of some major 
titles that has made the 
difference. Warner Home Video 
launched Steven Spielberg's 
Gremlins at the end of 
November and it has been the 
company’s biggest success so 
for, with an initial shipment of 
40,000 copies. 

RCA/Columbia describes its 
fourth quarter as “phenora- 
enaT, with 21 titles releases. 

including Sianruzn, Runaway 
and of course Ghostbusters. 
CB S/Fox also reports record 
deliveries in the final quarter, 
even though it released no top 

There is now more optimism 
about 1986. Next week sees the 
video release of Rambo, which 
will have the highest ever initial 
shipment for a full-price feature 
film in Britain. Thorn EMI 
Screen Entertainments expects 
at least 45,000 copies to be 
delivered at a trade price of 

The British Video Associ- 
ation estimates that 9,000 
English-language videos are on 
the market. The association’s 
director general, Mr Norman 
Abbott, said: “The public is not 
aware of more than a small 
amount of that material. We 
have a big job in 1986 to make 
known what is available.” 


board reports feat worldwide fife 
new annual pre miums in 1985 were 
£64.3 million (£65.8 nriffion) Singles 
premiums, £1562 million (£106.1 
million). Significant increases in 
single premiums were achieved in 
Britain, Canada and Fiance. In 
Britain, additional safes of self- 
employed pension business (up 87 
'per cent) mid individual employer- 
sponsored pension arrangements 
(up 27 per cent), together with other 

pensions business (up 6 per cent) 

have compensated for fee fell in 

individual life business (down 12 



company announces major new 

investments as part of dm develop- 
ment of its distribution activities. It 
has been selected by Marks and 

Spencer to build and operate one of 

the first of a new series of regional 
warehouses. Total cost of the 
development will be about £9 
million. In a further project, 
construction will soon start on the 
third phase of the company’s 
temperature-controlled distribution 
centre at Nuneaton. 

The company’s Aulda Division has 
acquired fee assets of J. B. Martin 

(Redruth X ComwalTs largest parts 

distributor. Martin, wife a £1.8 
million turnover, was already a big 
stockist of AP parts. Autda now 

plans to increase sales by enlarging 

fee product range and linking aO 
outlets to its £2 milium self-funded 
and computerised distribution 
supply network. 

MENTS: The company -is 10 buy 
Edwards & Wyche Publications for 
£150,000 in ordinary shares. 
Edwards is a distributor of 
professional and technical books 
and publications 10 *h«* financial 
services sector in the City of 

group has made three acquisitions, 
costing more than £400,000. The 
first is Centredcan, which employs 
150 people in fee cleaning of 
shopping malls and stores, becom- 
ing Rentokil’s Glasgow office-clean- 
ing branch. The second is Carlton 
Cleaning (Scotland), which also has 

150 employees and is now being 

incorporated into the division’s 
Edinburgh branch. In fee south, fee 
group ha* acquired Alliance Oean- 
mg Services. 

MARINE OIL: Lasmo, as pan of a 
10-company group, reports the 
completion of a successful gas 
exploration well on block 48/19B in 

the southern gas basin in fee British 

sector of fee North Sea. The well, 

48/1 9B-7, drilled to a depth of 9.174 

feet, in 84ft of water, successfully 

tested gas from four zones. 

• M A DUAL TRUST: For fee 
to Dec. 31, 1985, with figures in 

gross revenue was 2,359 
( 2 , 102 ). Earnings per income share 
were 28.71p (25.59d). A final 
dividend of 15.55p (13.9p) is being 

paid on March 4, uniting a total of 



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Monk* & Cnac lOp Ord (a) 82 

Noank SyUcm 5p Qrd (Wh) 94-2 

SAClatenntioDdlOpOni (10(b) 1 19+1 

SPPlOp Orff 125) 153-2 

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Federal Reserve Bank ofNew 
York: Mr Rkhniti. L. Gelfa has 
been elected a director. 

AMEC Mr Radi Kisjes has 
become a director of AMEC 
and managing director of 
AMEC International Construc- 

E D. & F. Man (Coffee): Mr 
Anthony Raven and Mr Robert 
de J«ag joins the board. 

Nicholas Mendes & Associ- 
ates* Sir Reginald Byre joins the 
board and will become chair- 

Alliance & Leicester Bufiding 
Society: Mr Simon Everard has 
been ejected duputy chairman. 

Price Waterhouse: Mr Roy £. 
Davies has been made a 
partner, Manchester office, Mr 
Terry HaHonrn, partner,, Leeds 

office and Mr Keith G. White- 
head* London office. 

Incorporated Association of 
Preparatory Schools: Mr Gor- 
don Smith has been- made 


Choke Securities: Mr 

Richard Sfanfland has become a 


Lion left licking 
wounds after 
meeting whale 

From John NkhoHs, Auckland 
There are now only four and Portsmouth, it is beginning 
boats left at sea, still to finish to look unlikely that the race 
the second leg of the Whitbread will be won by the same boat on 
Round the World race at both elapsed and handicap 
Auckland. Three more of the 15 times. Philips innovator is two 
entries finished overnight or and a half days ahead of UBS 
during the day yesterday, led by Switzerland (Pierre Fehlman), 
the long-awaited French boat the highest placed Division A 
L*Esprit D’Equipe (Lionel Maxi, entry on total corrected 
Pean), which finally crossed the time and the overall race leader, 
line a few seconds before Lion New Zealand, sailed by 
■midnight. More than 12 hours the local favourite, Peter Blake, 
later, Rncanor Tristar (Gustaaf was penalized on her finishing 
Versluys, Belgium) was also time as a result of a successful 
home, 34 days after she started protest by UBS Switzerland for 
the 7,100-mile leg from Cape a port and starboard incident at 
Town. the start of the Cape Town leg 

In spite of her relatively on December 4. It hardly made 
disappointing effort, L’Esprit any difference, however, a mere 
D’Equipe recorded a good 25 minutes in a race that will 
corrected lime, bring placed take about 120 days and Lion is 
second behind Philips Innova- sifi] second overall on handicap 
tor (Dirk Varna. Netherlands), in the Maxi class, 
which finished two and a half She was hauled out yesterday 
days earlier. In third place is for her rudder to be examined 
Equity and Law (Pleun van der after it was damaged by a whale 
Lugt, Netherlands), which was in the Tasman Sea on her 

[fie third boat to finish yester- 
day and the eleventh altogether, 
late in the afternoon. 

Atlantic Privateer (Peter 
Kuttel. United States), the 80ft 
Maxi yacht that finished fee leg 
first and held the lead on 
handicap for two days after her 
arrival, is now dropping down 
the placings as smaller boats 
come in with better corrected 

Philips innovator also leads 
the race on total corrected time 
for the first two legs, with 
L'Esprit D’Equipe second and 
Fazcr Pi na land (Michael Bener) 

Although the 27,000-mDe 
race in only half over and the 
results can obviously fluctuate 
between here Punta Del Este 

approach to Auckland. It 
looked a sorry mess and will 
have to be completely rebuilt 
before the third leg begins on 
February 15. All that remained 
was about one-third of the total 
area on one side only; 

handicap: 1. Ptuflps Innovator. D Nauta 
(Nath) 27days 17hr 57min 26aec; 2, 
L'Esprit D'Equipa. L Psan (Frj 
28717:46:48; 3, Equity And Law, P van 
der Lugt (Neth) 26:18:28:36; 4. Atlantic 
privateer. P KutUe (US) 2822:44:04: 5. 
Rucanor Trtetar. G Versluys (Bel) 
2823:4928; 6. UBS Switzerland. P 
Fehbnan (Swttz) 29:02:23:34. 
innovator, 60:122525; 2, L’Esprit 
D'EquIpe, 61 =002425; 3. Pfizer Finland. 
M Bemer (Fin) 62:042925; 4, UBS 
Switzerland. 6321 29:05; 5, Lion New 
Zealand, P Blake (NZ) 84=002723: 6. 
NZl Enterprise, D Taylor (NZ) 

Boat Sfiow diary 

Downey’s challenge 

The - International Catamaran 
Challenge Trophy (Little America’s 
Cop), won by Britain first in 1962. 
may come back to these shorn on 
fee h ells of a revolutionary hydrofoil 
catamaran skippered by John 
Downey, a British Airways Coin 
corde pilot. 

A top class Tornado helmsman 
from Oxford, Downey will challenge 
Chris Cairns and Scott Anderson, 
the Australian holder, in 1987 in 
Melobovrne in a conventional 

By Adrian Morgan 


experience the basic truth of fee 
adage about fee toughness of life at 
fee top. In fee deeply competitive 
environment of professional squash 
fee lesson is hammered home 
almost before maturiw. 

Del Harris, the 16-year-old who 
narrowly won his second successive 
British Open under- 19 title last 
weekend, had to wait only 48 hours 
to encounter this fact of sporting 
life. He lost 9-3, 3-9. 6-9, 4-9 in the 
American Express Premier League 
on Tuesday to Paul Gregory, aged 
17. wife whom he had shared an 
exhaustingly competitive under- 19 
semi-final before going on recover 
from maichpoim down in fee final 
against Matthew Oxley. 

Harris was playing at fifth suing 
for Ardleigh Hall, fee dub team 
from his native Colchester, leading 
fee league at fee start of play on 
Tuesday. Gregory travelled into 
Essex wife the Dunnings Mill team 
from East Grinslead although be is 
himself a Surrey player and fee 
reigning dub Champion of Cham- 
pions. Their result gave Dunnings 
Mill 3-2 victory and allowed 
Manchester Northern to edge into 
league leadership on game differen- 
tia] after a similarly close win over 
Chapel After-ton. 

The Manchester squad are now 

strengthened by the arrival of fee and what this says about diet and 

. . n:n tl u , k.m mpk nin inH hirlr 

Australian Ricki HilL They have 
managed extraordinarily well 
through the first half of fee season 
10 stay in contention wife their 
nqial leader, Geoff Willia m s, 
sidelined by knee cartilage surgery. 
Adrian Davies their Welsh third 
string, won the inaugural American 
Express Player of the Month award 
for his fighting performances in that 

Last month’s individual award Uagno po tlttoir 1. Manchww Nonham. *5: 
went 10 Martin Bodimeade for his nfS" , TT 1; a! 

pofonnanoes at fee head offet: SnrSSnWi * 7, aafS! Sqtwm 

Ardleigh Hall squad while Hiddy LsfcMtar. 31; 9, Amtfny. 31; 10. RMfweod 
Jahan and Ahmed Safwat were in Ladas. 13. 

Reeling in the words 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

The trouble wife fishing an- 
thologies is that they cither quote 
too much from indifferent authors or 
too little from better ones, and in 
either case leave the reader with the 
feeling of haring had half portions 
instead of a full meaL 
Two fishermen journalists. Dark! 
Pi of mao and Graham Swift, have 
tried to avoid such pitfalls by serving 
an enouruons helping of quotations 
from some 300 anther*, novelists, 
essayists, ports, philosophers and 
politicians, going back some 2,700 
years, from Homer and the Old 
Testament, coining np through 
Chaucer and Shakespeare (straining 
a little with the Bard) to the present 
day, aD within 450 pages. A 
mammoth achievement, well done. 

Most of tire moderns that 
fishermen know are there: Faison, 
Fsdkns, Greene, Grey, Hemingway, 
Hughes, Marshall, Rgjuome and 
Sknes, Bates and Unde Silas are 
very welcome bet Sawyer, and 
Pertwee's The River God, are sadly 
missed. Virginia Woolf comes as a 
~ aaanf bat a m gpiftd 
surprise. Most of the older 
geniaatfam - Walton, Cotton and 
company- hare been well presented, 
and it h good as well as rare to have 
Franck’s admirable criticisms of 

The overall ImpressUm one gets 
from fee choice of prose b that Uu 
best writing about fishing seems, 

wife one or two exceptions, to start 
about the mid-nineteenth «*■!» }' 
and Improve from then on. With 
poetry one is very conefons of fee 
change in fashion from the 
seventeenth to the twentieth century, 
the precision of observation of 
Elba belli Bishop and Seamus 
Heaney compare with the vague 
romutidsm of Waller. 

The best of Hughes, however, is 
missing, and what on eargh is one to 
make of Dylan Thomas’s: 

Deep the great bushed bait with 
raining lips 

Slipped the fins af those humpbacked 

tons ? 

One has fee feeling feat bis 
Ballad of the Long-Legged Bait oast 
have been written after several pints 
at the George. 

However, let ns not quibble abort 
such things. Here, for the first time 
this ride of fee Atlantic, is the 
English equivalent or Gingrich’s The 
Fishing in Print, and very welcome 
too. The title. The Magic Wheel, 
comes from Stoddart, and the book 
Is published In hardback by 
Helacmann at £15. with a paper- 
back edition by Penguin. 

Hellcat design but plans for a 
hydro foil craft are well advanced. 

• An idle bet between Robin Knox- 
Johnston and Don Wood during last 
year's round Britain race has cost 
Wood fee price of 20-pairs of 
Wellington boots fbr the RNL1. 
Johnston's Catamaran, British 
Airways, beat Woods’s Red Star 
trimaran by one pfatce. The boots 
were on their way to their rightful 
owners last night by . . . Red Star. 

Tough at the top for 
young champion 

By Colin McQuillan 

Most old champions learn by long Egypt for fee world championships. 

la what is becoming an ominous 
pattern for the player award, 
introduced by enthusiastic sponsors 
last October. Bodimcad immedi- 
ately lost to Kelvin Smith after fee 

Jahan also lost in straight gnus 
to the British champion Philip 
Kenyon, which explains the import- 
ance of fee adage proved so 
immediately by Harris to Gregory. 

Nor should it be assumed that 
these two are fee only prodigious 
squash youngsters on fee home 
scene. Certainly their semi-final was 
the fiercest fought match of an 
under- 19 competition usually re- 
garded as fee most significant of the 
age group. They reduced each other 
to simultaneous immobility in their 
fifth getne when exhaustion 
brought leg cramps into play for 
both at precisely the same time. 

Harris needed to repeat his escape 
from that situation by producing a 
similar courageous performance in 
the final and it was generally 
acknowledged feat Oxley had 
unexpectedly ben efi tied when the 
No 1 seed, Robert Graham, suffered 
fool cramps in fee second semi- 

Without pursuing too closely the 
oddity of three semi-finalists 
suffering identical cramp problems, 

preparation, such nip and tuck 
rankings among fee players wbo will 
carry England's challenge into the 
Junior World Championships _ in 
Australia next April is encouraging 

AitiHgh Hal 2. Dumtnca MB 3; Squash 
Leicostw 2. cannons Gto 3; Mancteasar 
Northern 3, Chapel AUemson % Armtoy 2, 
Edgteston Priory 3; Redwood Lodge 1. 

[ / Sports 
V Commeotsry 



The dismissal on Tuesday of 
I«e Yong Ho, Sooth Korea's 
mmuter of sporty she old hare 
cleared the way for the delayed 
signis^ of the United States 
telerisran rights contract for the 
Seool Olympic Games. Lee has 
corned the blame from Seoul 
Olympic Organizing Committee 
(SLOOC) for the drop of $25 
million (£17 million) hi the 
minimum sum guaranteed by 
NBC between the inidpi nego- 
tiations in Tangannf in early 
September and the deal agreed 
in New York last October. 

The deal between the Inter' 
national Olympic Committee 
(IOC) and NBC has been held 
up by continuing arguments. 
Lee, who was present in both 
I a ws a n ne and New York hot not 
at the negotiating table - he 
denied in Lausanne that he was 
trying to evade blame for the 
outcome - seems not to have 
made clear to SLOOC the 
indemnity demanded by NBC 
which was part of the deal 
agreed in principle in New 

NBC are paying a ininmmm 

or $300 million (£200 million) 
and a maximum of $500 million 
(£350 nnUion) on condition that 
SLOOC must return the rights 
fee, the production cost and all 
equipment in the event of a US 
boycott, a North-South Korean 
war or other such eventualities. 
The insurance cover of $30 
million (£20 million) was pro- 
hibitive for NBC, who learned 
their lesson from the boycott of 
Moscow in 1980. 

The Democratic Justice 
Party, in which Tae Woo Roh, 
the SLOOC president, is chief 
minister, has replaced Lee with 
the former head of the civO 
service. Discussions on the 
television problem have been 
con tinuing between Joan Sama- 
ranch, die IOC president, and 
Dr Un Yong Kim, president of 
the World Taekwond Feder- 
ation, and an internationally 
respected figure. He flew to 
Madrid before Christmas to try 
to repair the damage and the 
signing, postponed from Decem- 
ber 6 and rescheduled for today, 
should now go ahead in early 
February. From 1992 onwards, 
the television negotiations will 
be handled exclusively by the 
IOC and not the hosts. 

Far from getting the $700 
milli on (£470 million) which 
SLOOC had been encouraged to 
believe was possible by Trans- 
World International, an Inter- 
national Management Group 
(IMG) subsidiary, the figure is 
unlikely to exceed NBCs 
minimum. The South Koreans, 
anxons that no more boats 
should rock, wifi have continued 
smiling through clenched teeth 
at the second joint conference 
with North Korea in Laosanne 
yesterday to negotiate areas of 
collaboratimi for 1988. 

Under Samaranch's initia- 
tive, talks have been limited to 
the possible joint parading of 
the two Korean teams, the 
staging of the 100 ItiUometre 
cycling road race across the 
border from north to south, and 
the scheduling of football and 
archery preliminaries in the 
north. There is no question of 
acceding to the north's demands 
to be Joint hosts. 

Although Birmingham's 
committee has made ground at 
the respective African and 
Asian confederations of national 
Olympic committees at Addis 
Ababa and Bahrain - dele- 
gations that earned some ill- 
informed criticism at home - it 
may not have been tactically 
smart of the normally politically 
•state' Denis Howell, the Bir- 
mingham chairman, to let his 
enthusiasm run away with him 
when addressing the Central 
Council of Physical Recreation 
(CCPR) annual conference in 
November and claim that 
pi nning lam had -.overtaken 
Barcelona as the front-runner. 
Such confidence, widely quoted, 
has a way of rebounding among 
the traditional, old-school IOC 

England drop 
into cauldron 

The mood of optimism which 
has greeted England's draw for 
the World Cup is puzzling. 
While they may well be gratified 
to have avoided West Germany, 
Denmark and Uruguay, the trio 
which Scotland most face, it will 
be no pushover against either 
Poland or Portugal, or for that 
matter Morocco. , 

The heat-acclimatized 

Moroccans will arrive in Mon- 
terrey after months of collective 
training and practice, while 
England win stagger out of the 
League season hoping to find a 
blend which has been absent for 
mnglt of the four years since 

Poland, third in 1974 and 
1982, have Zmoda in defence 
and Boniek in atta ck; w hile 
Portugal, memorable from the 
last European Championship, 
are buoyed by haring Inflicted 
West Germany’s first-ever 

Qualifying-match defeat. 

Coached by Torres, their 1966 
centre forward, they have 
outstanding players in Gomes of 

Porto, Europe's^ leading sewer 
in two of the last three seasons, 
Joxdao and Chafema. It is 
probably a tougher group than 
Em dflnd, with a. more settled 
SamjSS d in 1982. 

to be called off 
despite appeal 
by Nicholas 

By Richard Streeton 
The Zimbabwe part of the 
England B winter toar is almost 
certain to be called off today, 
according to Donald Carr, 

Secretary of the Test and 
County Cricket Board (TCCB). 

A personal appeal by Mark 
Nicholas, the England B team 
captain, to Mr Robert Mi 
the Zimbabwean Prime 
ter, to allow the scheduled 
England tour there next month 

to take place, seemed last night 
to have met with ihiliire as the 
touring party gathered at Heath- 
row to leave for the first leg of 
their tour in Sri Tanka 
Nicholas confirmed at- the 
airport lha he had written a 
private letter to Mr Mugabe, 
whom he had met in Zimbabwe 
last year when leading an 
English Counties XI on a 
private tour there. The letter 
appealed for England B to be 
allowed into the country. He 
stressed that all the players were 
anxious to visit Zimbabwe and 
that they abhorred apartheid. 

“I told him how much I had 
enjoyed the visit last year and 
said bow much good I felt the 
tour would do both cricket in 
Zimbabwe and how beneficial it 
would be fin* our players as 

Sport and Recreation Council. 
He accused the TCCB of 
surpressing the news of the 
tour’s cancellation - sent to 
them overnight by cable - in 
case it jeopardized the team’s 
visit to 

In Harare, the Zimbabwe 
capital, sports council officials 
continued to reiterate that there 
could be no tour unless the 
players with South African 
connections made a public 
declaration against apartheid. 
Alwyn Fichamck, president of 
the Zimbabwe Cricket Union, 
was due to make a statement on 
the latest position today. 

On Tuesday it was reported 
that the decision about the 
tour would be taken by the 
Zimbabwe council at a re- 
arranged meeting next week. 
Sanroc officials in London, 
however, remained adamant 
that it had already been decided 
to ban En gland and that the 
decision was taken several days 
ago. “My understanding is that 
the cricket tour is not even on 
the council's agenda next 
week”, Mr Ramsamy said.- 
“The council has repeatedly 
stated that it will not sanction 
any sports fixture containing 
persons who collaborate wi 


Earlier Sam Ramsamy, chair- apartheid sport”, 
man of the South African Non- Nicholas, far happier to 
Racial Olympic Committee discuss cricket than politics at 
(Sanroc), said in London that be Heathrow, admitted acctimafi- 

knew the tour had already been 
cancelled by the Zimbabwean 

Nicholas: letter to Mugabe 

ration would be virtually 
impossible before the team's 
first match on Saturday, a 
hastily three-day game with Sri 
i jnlmn colts. “Obviously 24 
hours practice in the heat, 
which is ail we will have, is 
worth nothing. But one would 
hope the players have done 
enough in England so that their 
technique will be in reasonable 
shape. We are all fit and the 
only thing everyone will be 
short of is actual match 

The B team, who were 
originally due to leave London 
six days ago, had their fixture in 
Bangladesh cancelled by the 
TCCB after Bangladesh ob- 
jected to four players with 
South African links - Kim 
Barnett, Martyn Moxoa, Chris 
Smith and Bill Athey. 

South Africans ban 
sale of magazine 

From I vo Tennant, Cape Town 

The sale of the South African 
Cricketer, the country's leading 
cricket magazine, has been banned 
from the two main grounds here 
because the tonring Australians 
objected to an aitide strongly 
critical of them. 

John Scott, billed as South 
Africa’s top columnist describes the 
Australians in the January issue as 
“one of the most colourless bunches 
of batsmen and bowlers to set foot 
on our shores. They enjoy an 
anonymity that is bolstered by the 
cocoon of security surrounding 

The article _ goes on: “All 
cricketers according to one school of 
thought are ’flannelled fools, but 
these in addition are faceless. 
Indeed, the only member that most 
South Africans can actually put a 
face to is the captain, Kim Hughes 
. . and even he turns aggressive if 
questions assume the faintest 
political hue. It is all a far cry from 
the days when Australia sent real 
cricketers, men whose names were 
household words like Lindwall and 
Miller, Harvey and Brrianri.” ' 

Scon, a persistent critic of the 
South African government, works 
for " the Cape Times. Mott of his 
articles are intended to be satirical. 
However, not only the Austral i a ns 
but oho Dr Ali Bacher. adviser to 
the South African Cricket Union, 
objected to his comments. 

This led to the ejection from 
Newlands of schoolboys selling the 
magazine during the “Test” 
between South Africa, and the 
Australians. It will not be on sale 
when the two teams play again next 

week at the Wanderers ground, 

Richard Whittingdale, the editor 
in chief said he had been told the 
article was not in the interests of 
cricket. Clearly the South African 
Cricket Union wish to avoid any 
discord. The Australians are due to 
tour again later this year. , 

Dr Bacher said: 'The article did 
cause a lot of unhappy frees. We 
have spent three years busting a gut 
to get this tour going and several 
South African cricketers were also 
unhappy with if". 

Scott said: “To turn a lighthearted 
article into an international issue 
seems to be an excessive indulgence 
by the cricket authorities. With one 
or two exceptions they emerge as a 
pretty humourless bunch” 

• Port Elizab eth. South Africa 
(Reuter) - The ‘rcbeT Australians 
came perilously dose to an 
embarrassing defeat by the best of 
South Africa's young players 
yesterday. Their ninth wicket fell to 
the third ball of the final over as 
they chased a target of 237 set by the 
South Africa University XL 

The Australians survived to end 
on 203 for nine after the students 
hjiri their second inning at 

237 for five. Originally, they had 
had 130 minutes to reach the target, 

The result will have done little for 
the confidence of the Australians. 
On Friday they begin a three-day 
match against Northern Transvaal 
who beat them in a one-ay match at 
the beginning of the tour. 

SCORES: Saudi AMc* IMnrabu XI 219 tor 
Mna tisdsnid and 237 tar taro dadarad. 
AutraBins 220 md 200 lor nine. 

Up, up aHd awayrPartiqpqiits from Britain, .West Germany, Hungary : and Austria starting the eighth BP Alpine Balloon 

\ Trophy race at St Gilgen in Austria. Ti e event ends tomorrow 


Flach and Seguso’s reunion 
recalls some old glories 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

The prize-money in professional 
tennis uu long been astonishing and 
the disproportionate rewards far 
s and doubles now begin to 
absurd. The richest stngles- 
only tournament, the 24-man 
European Champions' Champion- 
ship (ECQ, to be played in Antwerp 
from November 3 to 9, win offer a 
first prize of S2 10,000 (about 
£144.828). This exceeds by S 10,000 
(£6,897) the total prize-money in the 
richest . doubles-oaJy tournament, - 
the eight-team festival, sponsored 
by Mazda Cars, at the Albert Hall, 
London, this weds. 

The ECC prize fond has been 
raised to a total of $900,000 
(£620,690), plus $20,000 (£13,793) 
for a new qualifying competition 
that is to be introduced as part of a 
slightly revised format. The cash 
awards at the ECC have been 
increased by $50,000 (£34,483) 
every year since the tournament’s 
inauguration in 1982. Last year's 
ECC also attracted a record 
attendance - officially revised to 
141,504 - for any indoor -tourna- 

The Albert Hall winners will 
collect $72,000 (almost £50.000) 
plus a suite of Waterford CrystaL 
The first evening’s programme 
began at 6.15 and ended at 12.25. 
Ken Flach and Robert Seguso, the 
United States champion, took two 
hours and 35 minutes to beat Pavel 
Slozil and Tomas Smid 6-4. 3-6, 7-5. 
3-6, 6-3 and the champions of 
Australia, Paul Anna cone and 
Christo van Ren&uzg, beat Sergio 
Casal and Emilio Sanchez 7-6, 6-7, 
7-6, 7-5 in three hours and nine 

Flach and Seguso had not played 
together for almost 10 weeks and the 
Czechoslovaks had been out of 
harness even longer. It showed. The 
match was seldom embellished by 
the imaginative flair bred from 
practised confidence. Both pairs 
were feeling their way, settling down 
to woTk as if back at the desk after a 
holiday. There were moments of 
absent-mindedness, but on the other 
hand, moments of fl as hin g expertise 

tr» n rniinrf me nf iTi y gi ori<-c ilvaf were- good man but his soulful mien gives 

and will be evident in the tennis of 
%oth teams. 

For some reason Flach has 1 
retained the bushing m!>w of hair 
that caused so -much controversy in 
thg flm| of the United States 
championshi p when it briefly pit in 
the way (or did it?) of a shot by 
Henri Leconte. But be gave us a few 
moments of splendour, as did his 
partner. Slozil sometimes found 
gaps where none seemingly existed 
and when Smid rose for smashes it 
was like watching a self-extending 
ladder. Flach and Snguso went 
through their usual' routine of 
behind-flte-back signals to the 

It all fitted in neatly, with the 
slightly ritualistic nature of a match 
that eventually ' wanned up but 
never quite came to the bou. But 
midway through the fifth set Flach 
and Seguso visibly woke up, broke 
Solid's service, then broke Sfozfl’s 
too. That ultimate game .was 
enlivened by two doubtful service 
calls that induced Slozil to do as 
much on-court talking as he usually 
does in an . entire tournament. Even, 
when inaudible, .Slozil mattered 
away and hung his head. He is a 

him an uncommon gift for. playing 
the convicted innocent. He can be 
rather like one of those- dogs who 
pinch the sausages and then flutter 
their eyelashes and convince you it 
never happened. 

In the second match there were 
no service breaks until the third 

S c of the third set - and that 
k was instantly answered by 
another. But for the intervention of 
tie-breaks, there -seemed to be no 
reason why the match should ever 
end. The Fourth set, though, 
produced, a flurry of activity. 
Annacone lost a service game and 
the Spaniards had two break-paints 
for a 4-0 lead. A fifth set seemed 
inevitable until Casal twice lost his 
servioe, which enabled Annacone 
and van Rensburg to win. six games 
oat of seven for the match. 

Wc were given a list of 56 names 
people responsible for this or that 
aspect of the organization. Did you 
know that the tournament had . a 
■master of ceremonies, a stage 
director, and an official wine cup? 
Never mind, it an made a welcome 
change from the weekly tournament 
treadmill that has been — and soon 
will be-all too familiar. 

Parks entry is doubled 

By Rex Bellamy 
parks champion- given giants of £100 each towards 
the cost Last year a total of 2,300 
players took part in the seven 
events: the traditional- five cham- 
pionships, plus -a junior singles for. 
each sex. 

The newcomers to this year’s list 
of 32 local authorities taking part 
will mostly be from southern and 
midland -England, but Scotland and 
Wales will again be represented in 
the draw. Ireland is one country for 
tennis purposes but, with the co- 
operation of the Irish Lawn Tennis 
Association, could eventually be 
included in what would then be 
international rather than national 

The national . 
ships, sponsored by British .Home 
Stores and organized by the .Lawn 
T ennis Foundation, were restricted 
to 16 towns and cities for last year’s 
successful inaugural venture. Dur- 
ing 1986 the entry will be doubled 
and, to reduce travelling, four 
regional finds wiH be played before 
the national finals are contested in 
October probably at Bath, as they 
were last year. 

Local authorities ran their own 
tournaments - in many cases they 
have done so for years, without the 
further incentive of advancing to 
national co mp e titi on - . and are; 

vote for 

Bonn (Renter) - Wilhelm Bungert 
was yesterday confirmed as west 
Germany's Davis Cop captain after 
officials of the national teams 
federation beard that Boris Becker 
had not meant to. call for his 

Shortly after West Germany lost 
the Davis Cup final In Sweden in 
Munich last month, Becker was 
qaoted in the mass-circaltioa BUd 
newspaper as saying that Bungert 
had proved of Utile help to the 
German players and should be 
replaced by Becker's personal 

conch, Guenther Bosch. 

Federation officials said yester- 
day that they had talfca with Bosch' 
and Becker’s manager. Ion Tiriac, 
about the interview and had agreed 
that Bosch should have a fu t ure role 
in the cup team. But they said that 
Bosch would help prepare only 
Becker and not the other players. 
Bnagert would remain as captain. 

Tiriac bad explained to the 

that Becker had not 

intended to call for !»»■ dismissaL 

Shriver over 
first hurdle 

Washington (Reuter) - The 

second seed. Pam Shriver. of the 
United States, defeated West 
Germany's Sylvia Hanika 6-1, 6-2 
on Tuesday night to enter the 
second round of a women’s 
tournament here. 

Three other seeded players, 
Claudia Kohdo-Kilsch, of West 
Germany, Manuela Maleeva, of 
Bulgaria, and Helena. Suhova, of 
Czechoslovakia, were among those 
who also reached the second round 
of the first tournament of the 1986 
indoor circuit. 

The Shriver-Hanika match was a 
serve and volley battle throughout, 
with both players occasionally 
mixing up their power games with 
effective dropshots. 

“I felt a little apprehensive before 
the match''. Miss Shriver said. 
“She's a dangerous player and had 
beaten me the last three times 




Cliff Thorburn, of Canada, the 
No 4 seed, straggled to defeat Joe 
Johnson, of Bradford, 5-4 yesterday 
and put himself in the semi-finals of 
the Mercantile Credit classic at 
Warrington. Thorburn, who took a 
little over four hours to overcame 
the spirited challenge from Johnson, 
now plays Doug Mountjoy. 

Thorburn was slightly out of 
touch early in the match and was 
trailing 3-4 before he put his game 
together. In the end he subdued his 
opponent with breaks of 31 and 50 
to win the deciding frame 93-0. 

Johnson, who turned professional 
in 1979, is now among the top 16 in 
the world and made - his mark two 
seasons ago in the professional 
players' tournament "at Bristol, 
where he lost in the final to Tony 
Knowles. He is a former British 
under- 1 9 champion and an FngfemH 
amateur international. 

HUME SCORES: C Thorburn M J 

Johnson 5-4 

. .. -58, 9- 
77-47, 83-0. 


Clarke smooths way for successor 

John Morris, a freelance journal- 
ist from Northampton, will succeed 
Ray Clarke as general secretary of 
the British Boxing Board of Control 
at the .end of Jane. The job involves 
holding warring factions at arm’s 
length and seeing fair play in a sport 
which has always produced as much 
action outside the zing as inside. 

Morris, aged 50. and a member of 
the board since 1968, intends to 
make safety in boxing a priority. “I 
will continue the current policy of 
vigilance in making boxing as safe 
as possible for the professional. We 
shall continue to come under 
pressure on the medical side but we 

Qian take every step possible." he 
said last night. 

“It is a good lime to take over. 
Boxing is miming very smoothly at 
present and there are a lot of good 
fighters in Britain.” 

Morris will be only the fourth 
secretary in the 57 years history of 
the board. Charles Doornail ruled 
from 1929 to 1949 and E J Waltham 
from l949to 1971. Clarke; who was 
awarded the OBE for his services to 
the sport, will have been secreta r y 
for 15 years when he retires. 

Clarke describes his reign as a 
fairly rough ride, particularly in the 
last four years, due to the fitting in 
of new feces (the arrival of the new 

promoter. Frank Warren). “There 
was also the need to beat unlicensed 
boxing, which was absolutely vital. I 
am pleased to say that the new feces 
have now been accepted.” . 

• Dennis Andries win defend bis 
British liriit-beavyweight title 
against Keith Bristol at the London 
West Hotel onJFebrnary 14. Andries. 
will know shortly whether he wfll 
win the right to a rematch with Akx 
Blanchard, of the Netherlands for 
.the European title. The European 
Boxing Union are awaiting postal 
votes for a new challenger to 
Blanchard, and Andries’s televised 
pe r fo r mance canid edge him to top 
the poll once again. 


Russian misses event after crash 

Zintis Ekmania. the. Soviet 
Union's European champion, is. out 
of today's World Cup two-man 
event in Cervinia after a spectacular 
crash in practice yesterday. He 
overturned the No 1 Soviet sledge 
on the notorious Bianca bend and, 
having foiled to complete the 
required three loafs in official 
practice, will have to sit out the 

In the absence of the top East 
Germans. Flcmani* had been one of 
the favourites for the gsold medal in 
this fourth round of the World Cup 

Britain’s Nick Phipps raised his 
hopes with the fastest _ time 
yesterday, I mm 06.85secon his first 
descent. No one else has so for been 
inside the 1.07 mark. 

By Chris Moore 

Phipps and Alan Ceams. his 
bra Iceman, who won the gold medal 
in then- last World Cap competition 
in Cortina, were second fastest on . 
their next run and, with no 
problems to hand, opted out of the 
last one. 

“We had two very good runs and 
still have a fair bit in reserve.” said 
Phipps, whose aim is to be in the 
top three after this morning's first 
two laufs. With Ekmania out of 
contention, he should not be far 

The Russian's misfinune served 
as a stark reminder of how costly the 
slightest mistake can. prove at 
Cervinia, where in last year’s world 
championship the Olympic cham- 
pion. Wolfgang Hoppe, and the 
former world champion. 'Hans 

Hiltebrand, were involved in 

There was a lucky scape, too, 
yesterday for another top. driver 
when the 1982 world four-man 
champion, Silvio Giobeflina. over- 
turned in practice for this weekend's 
Swiss championships in St Moritz. 

Ralph TicfaJer is the new Swiss 
two-man champion, having edged 
the vteran Hiltebrand into second 

#The Stoke City defender, Steve 
Parian, wifl not play for flic rest of 
the season because of a thigh injury. 
The 20-year old full bade Is due to 
enter hospital early next week for an 
operation to remove calcium from a 
thigh musdt- 


Britain turn tables on India 

Great Britain defeated -India -1-0 
in an international hockey quad- 
rangular- tournament in Kuwait 
yesterdayio avenge the 4-1 defeat in 
Dubai earlier in the week In the' 
second match of the day Pakistan 
defeated the Netherlands 1-0. 

The winning goal for Britain was 
scored by Richard Dodds from a 
.short corner nine minutes before the 
end. After that India exerted 
considerable pressure but Pappin in 
goal stood firm. Britain deserved 
their win an their next match is 
a gfontt Pakistan today. In Dubai 
Pakist an beat Britain 9-1. 

SKIING; The International Feder- 
ation have again . changed the rales 
on women's slalom and giant slalom 
races because adjustments intro- 
duced-at the start of this season have 
led to protests from skiers. . 

Under the revised roles beginning 
with Sunday’s World Cup slalom m 
Bad Gastein, Austria, only the first" 
25 from the first leg will race the 
second leg in reverse order. The FIS 
bad ruled at the start of the World 
Cup season that the top 30 from the 
first leg would ski in reverse order in 
the seoond. 

• BERNE: (Reuter) - The posi- 

tioned Alpine skiing World Cup 
• men's slalom- originally scheduled 
for- Baroyetz, Bulgaria, oh January 
4, wfll now take place in Parpan, 
Switzerland, on January 21. 
CYCLING: Laurent Fignoo, of 
France, will be out of racing until 
mid-February because of a broken 
collarbone sustained daring the 
.Madrid six-day event on Monday. 
Cyrille Guimard, his m anager, said 
tests revealed that the double 
winner of the Tour de France classic 
.had suffered a true fracture of the 
right collarbone. 

BASKETBALL: Marlin Clark, 
Team PolyccU Ki n gst on' s centre, 
who became the first Fn g fish player 
. to be included in the An Star Five 
for bis performance in the World 
Invitation Club Championships last 
week, has been na me d player of the 
year for 1985 by the English 
Association. An En g lish inter- 
national, -Clark, aged 24; helped his 
.dub win the Cup and League last 
season. The woman player of the 
y ear award goes to Sadie Edwards. 
ATHLETICS: Women competitors 
could be throwing the hammer, pole 
vaulting and triple jumping at 
international matches if a novel 

coach in g course proves a success. 
Leeds Polytechnic is to ran courses 
in these traditionally male only 
events in March and will produce a 
video tape for examination by the 
sport’s governing bodies. The hope 
is that the events may eventually be 
introduced to woman's ’ pro- 

ICE HOCKEY: Glasgow Dynamos’ 
Heineken British - league - first 
division game against Bournemouth 
Stags on Saturday has been 
postponed because the roof at the 
Crossmyloof rink has been con- 
demned. The dub are hoping to 
play at Glasgow’s new . rink, the 
Summit Centro, when it opens on 
February 13- 

VOLLEYBALL: Scotland went 
down to their second 3-0 defeat in 
the Norwich Union Trophy when 
they lost 15-0, 15*4, 15-8 re Peru at 
the Aston Y3fe Leisure Centre 
yesterday. Their best . moments 
came in the third set. when they 
took an early lead inspired by the 
-powerful spiking of Claire Patter- 
sou, a 5ft 1 1 in hitter who plays for a 
Dutch first division-dub. 





to turn 
in June 

From John Ballantine 
Carlsbad, Calforaia 
Soon verplank, the 21 -wold 

who joined the 30 professior 
t winners oflvojj 
competing here in the Touraaxnettt 
of Champions by winning the 
Western Open in August, an- 
nounced before teeing off 
that he will join the jraiantn*?' 
immediately after the US Open at 
Shynnecock Hills in June. 

d My plan far 1986 is to graduate 
in business administration m May 
and use my amateur status to play 
in the Open before 1 tur n pro .f ^a 
the youngster who was partnered on 
the opening round with the 6ft 6in 
TexaiPfil Blackmac. last year in 
the US Open Verplank finished in 
thirty-fourth position overall. 

“My game's a bit rusty and so 1 
win play in the Phoenix Open 
(January 23-26) before the Masters 
(April 10-13)", said Verplank, who 
is certain to find professional goU a 
different ball game" as did Ben 
Crenshaw and Bobby Oampett and 
other notable amateurs. ... 

With seven seniors, beaded py 
Peter Thomson, of Australia, 
playing for a first prize of $30,000 
out of a total purse of $ 100,000 and 
30 “regular tour" players (plus 
Verplank) competing for a top prize 
of $90,000 out of$50a000. there 
was varied interest on an opening 
round in brilliant sunshine on the 
difficult par 72 6fr 1 1 yard course. 
Thomson, who won an asionisb- 
nine events last year to amass 

MADfflDE ttutay ness Stondtan Mr Mb 

day): 1. G Knaunum (Nath) *nd J L Navarro 

(SfaTl20 pix atom feprZ, Pnmrptaatfand 

ABondua Frl 150; at two tape 3, L Vm Vfiat 
(Bag and J hi Moreno (Sp), 134. 

Pfora Expresa London La^ua 



AUCXLAND: Grand prtx toumamant Sacond 
round: B SthlflT (USfbt SQuyfNZl 5-3, 5-7, B- 
3: D Lauda (NZ) KT Wamata (US) 7-6, 7-6; C 
Mhr Mus) M R Simpaon 0JZ) 6-2. T-6. 6-S M 
Woodunla (Aus) bt M Schapara (Nath) 6-4,4-2 

fi/jSS&CTOK: Women's toumamant ttnt ' 
round: T UoeNzuM (US) tt L Bandar (US) 7-6, 
B-l; H Sutovo (Cz) bt C BanjamJnJug 5-Z, 

M Maleeva (BuQ tt K GompMt(US)6-3, 6-0; W 
TumtulJAoSfo R Wtta |?HS fcM; A Whfta 
(US) M CBaaaettfCan) BwigaWO) 

SI Strain (US) 8-7. 6 - 1 . B-2; C Kohda-MKft 

t Ctn opa an wnma n’t dan 
lying iwaat Swadan bt 
3-0 fowadan quafly tor aetnMinati). 

6 3 2 0 12 4 11 
4 2 118 4 7 

3 2 1 0 4 2 7 

4 2 0 2 8, S 6 

4 2 0 2 4 8 B 

4 2 0 2 6 9 8 

3 1112 3 4 

3 0 3 0 5 5 3 

3 0 0 3 2 6 0 

3 0, 0 3 3 8 0 


UNITED STATES: NMtoaal Association (HBAfc 

Daw* Ptaona 113. Boston CaMcaltft 

Atlanta Hayka 117. Los Anodes CSppgrs 10a 

Nm. VorttiWdto Nm» 

Jersey Nata 110. Ofcsgo Bids 10& Houston 

ROOMS 124. Gofctan'SwB Warriors 115: 

IMartas Sucta 110, Ctoratand Cavafiare 

101; DsnwNusgeta 132, Dados Mavedctai 

1 10; Seats* & ;.*?*« S2s flU Utah Jazz 84/ 


® vttKW Fnmcft 

82; Jus*** m ,28. V«roy 

B0NCHETT1 CUP Jwxner# Quartar-llnal 
MramkoMzi Sotta 82, Racing dub da 

2. C- Navau 

43924; 3. A Da P«W 



tart (Honda) 4r4ttOa Omit 


SKfLemcwna. 722^2: 3. Raymonds and Bos. 

73223. Wata i crci sa; 1, A Brtsstrtscl (Honda) 

133835; 2. S Bacon (Yamaha) 14:123*; 3, 

(A J T MNar 281 and 104 for 2: 

LfnJvarsfty 2S3(R Poarelll not out B SunWga 
G for 83L «Wbouma won on Bret kminas. 
SCHOOLS TOUR Pembroke^ Adelaida 2S3 tor 
8 dec; Faistad 244(71 Haynes 122}. 



MONT reward. Franca: Han's 3s1(3tn 
cross-country race: 1, Canada, Ha- Simla 
21 .07 sac: 2. Czechoslovakia, 1 31 :47_00; 3, 

NORTH AMERICA: NMtoaal Laapiv (NHU: 
Quebec Nanaques 7, St Unto Buss 4: 

W as h in gton Cantata 4, Detroit Rad Wtngs 3; 

Minnesota North Stars 3. Naw York Wanders 

. 2 Vancouver Canucks 2 Winnipeg Jots 2 (oi); 

Hartford Wh al ers 9, Oa toaty Banes 1- 
Artakmj NoOngham Panthers 10. Petarto- 
rough Pirates 7. 


:JSVl . . 

, A A Dlrthetoi (Swftz), SA 


HRMNOHAtt Nor wich Uotan 
Women Pam 3, Enghtod 0; East German; 
'ScodandOc - 


FHMJEV QREEN: Embassy World • Pn>- 


8riatmv (Encrt bt U Davtos (Wales) a-ftp Ljxfca 
bt Pltoi (3bid 3-0; A Gtatarpig) W K 
. _ 3-1; T OtW (Aus) bt D U* (&is) 
3 - 0 . 

ROHre Europe tt Asia *8. Man 
Asia L5-1: Aaia B UBrapa H.5-4; Aafa IHM 
Europe W M Asta IV. 5-2. 
I bt Ada I..5-4; Europe II M 
■MBrapa B, 5-1. 

ELY: Hw ch hiaon 

teu rwama nt A Roam bt K Babtortdge 4-8. 9-4, 
SO; J ttontan far W Wood2??7. s-ftM 
*4. 9-6: □ Bryant bt M 
Moa i&B . 9-4. Gtoatterttaala: N Burrows 

5* 5 ■ .4* 9-3: S Palmer at B Tajtar 9- 

2. 9-7: J Gonian bt M Smw Mai to S-7. s-fi; D 
Bryant M A. Ross 9-7. 5-6. 9-1. Sset-flnaia: D 
Bryant bt N Burrows 6-9, 9-3, 9-3; J Cortan bt 
SWtaisr 0-9,»«.S-&.8anHMB: 0 Bryant fat 
N Burrows 6-9, S3. 9-8; J Cortan U S 
0-9, 9-8. 9-6. 

WaOMR .. 
Asta H.54:i 




Brew Rows Z Plynwuta Aigyta a 

• Puis. (Reuter) - Bastia. The 
Corsican dliib at the bottom of the 
French first division, have laid off 

staff and players and cut salaries in 
on attempt to solve their financial 

_3S6,723, teed off at 9.45am with 
Miller Barber and had Arnold 
Palmer and South Africa's Harold 
Henning as his chief rivals. 

Thomson was characteristically 
modest and httmerous about his 
chances. “At 56 I have to face the 
feet that every year is going to be 
worse” he wisecracked. “There are 
some ‘kids’ like Chichi Rodriguez 
and Gary Player who both just 
turned 50, coming along to 
challenge me. But it was a great 
thrill to do so well last year. 
Someone even nominated me for 
Australia's Sportsman of the Year". 
The Australian gave a big horse 
laugh. “They saved me a lot of 
embarrassment by giving the award 
to a cyclist. I mean, yon can't have 
56-year-old veterans winning 
Sportsman of the Year commen- 

Thomson was sceptical about his 
1485 achievement comparing with 
golfing feats of the past. “I have to 
point out that it was done in a 
special category.” he said. “When 
you talk of Ben Hogan and Sam 
Snead you have to remember that 
they per fo rmed in open events.” 

Sandy Lyle and Bernhard Longer 
were out very late m a tournament 
that promised many thrills and 
some tremendous golf. 

Dexter aims 
for his 
third putter 

By Nicholas Keith 

There is a strong entry for the 
President’s Putter which starts 
today at Rye. From an original field 
of 144 there were enough scratch- 
ing* to make a preliminary round 
unnecessary, but the last min ate 
absentees include only one winner 

from the last 1 1-years. 

The draw has been distributed the 
talent evenly and yesterday mem- 
bers of the Oxford and Cambridge 
golfing society were practising in 
weather which was unexpectedly 
tolerable. There are two particularly 
tough sections: in the top hall. 
Reece, Disley, Edgjnton, Armitage, 
Holmes and Sharpe, find them- 
selves in the same eighth of the 
draw; at the bottom Wannan, 
Dawson, Steel and Baxter will be 
among those contesting one place in . 
the last 17 and then their reward 
could be a match against Marsh, the 
Walker Cap player and England 
international, who surprisingly has 
never won the putter. 

Holmes, the runner-up to Dexter 
last -year, has won the event three 
times and will be a strong 
contender. If Reece (winner in 1976 
and 1978) and Edgmton win their 
first round matches, they will meet 
in a reprise of the 1976 final . 
However, Edginton must first , 
dispose of Disley. a semi-finalist 
two years ago. The other former 
winners in the top half are Uzielli 
T965) and Edmond (1984) whose 
irst round opponent is Akfricb- 
Blake, the runner-up in 1980. 
Mention must also be made of 
Gracey. deservedly at flic very top 
of the draw in his 37th consecutive 
appearance, and Tatum, from the 
United States. 

In the lower half Dexter, the 
former England cricket captain, 
looks to have a relatively smooth 
passage to the semi- final in 
attempting his third success. 
However, the weather and the 
nature of this competition are great 
levellers, so be will be taking 
nothing for granted. It could well be 
that his opponent in the semi-final 
is Steel, although predictions are as 
hazardous as the south coast climate 

at this time of year. The last of 
SieeTs three victories was in 1982, 
but ho h as an awkward first round 
-opponent in Youngman, who lost to 
Holmes in the semi-final last year. 


KlefMSff 780 untess stated 
Third roond 

Manchester Untied v Rochdale 

^S^ au SSS^lk w w “ t Ham = 

SmHEYgmOR rafcHtftterodsCertttetton 

Snoalne MarosnSs Crsat dusk; 
^SSt , *RiSSS 1, Bfcro Band International 

youh team tesflval (to Cannons Chfo^uSteon^ 

SNOW reports 








n pSm 
20 80 
» 60 
10 15 
15 45 
50 70 

65 130 

S 130 

30 40 
15 SO 











I ; 

i *■ 

1 i : 

1/ 1 







Sport that needs 
exposure is 
kept in the cold 

Two pairs of brothers named 
as Scotland make changes 

by weather 


By Clive White 

Any programme planner who played a senior' game since' 
casts hiS' eyes upon next being forced to retire through 
Monday’s football fixtures injury two years ago, must have 
"wcMd have little sympathy for a been cheered to hear - that 
sport which we are told is though Moran, United's central 
desperate for wider exposure defender, was bade in training 
and better attendances. At the he was not back in the squad. 

moment 11 of the postponed 
_FA Cup third round ties. 

Higgins, the former Everton 

including replays, are scheduled captain, must have feared that BH| 
to saturate that one evening. his chance of coming in fom the 

SKit 5££f JE-SWi: ■ 

been unlucky because Olsen has 

SSFiiH recovered from influenza and is Wm 
W rouSSV^SSS^. ^ included in the 13-man squad. RME 

£ SShu ■ L~fi “ “ Ron Atkinson, the United WE 

^ an manager, h*« not gone cold, 


Scotland have six new caps in the 
dde to play Ranee at Munayfiekl a 
week on Saturday. They are'Gavin 
Htftrnp, his brother Soon, M3ck 
Duncan, Jeremy Cam pbclKLamcr- 
;tcm. Finlay Calder and David Sole. . 

■ These sweeping c han ges come 
after last Saturday's trial when tins 
Possibles beat the Probables by 41- 
points to 10 and which, prompted 
Robin Charters, chairman of the 
selectors, to say <!»»« they “could not 
fail to take into account the trial 

By playing the Hastings brothers, . 
it will be the first time that brothers 
have made their debut in a Scottish 
lam sinfce G. T. Nelson and W. 
NeOson in 1891. In the squad are 
another pair of brothers. David 
Johnston, in the centre, and Smart 
Johnston, a replacement scrum half 

From the evidence of the district . 
championship in which the Angln- 
Scots emerged as the strongest 
scrummaging unit, Milne at tight- 
head is joined in the senior team at 
prop by Sole with CampbeQ-Lsuner- 
too in the second row. Ibis should 
give Scotland a staMe platform from 
which to work. 

There must be considerable doubt 

By Lut M cLauchbut 

about Milne’s general fitness, and 
lade of mobility, although this is 
more ttan-coispauhtedjghr by the 
rest of the pack. 

The back row of Jeffrey. Beattie 
and Finlay Chlder who replaces his 
twin brother Jim, are at. their best 
going forward in support. None 
possesses that speed off- the mark 
which is the scourge of the 
opposition bade lines aqd they fade 
-the weight of tadde which is ao 
crucial in dose situations. 

Smart Johnston, the junior side's 
scrum half, ran riot in the trial and 
one feds that Jerome Gafrion may 
da likewise unless there is some 
attention paid to backrow defence. 
The other - ingredient which may 
well be missod against France is- the 
auxiliary jumper to support Beattie 
at the tail of the lineout. 

With Roberts not considered due 
to injury, the back line, which 
contains plenty of pace, looks solid 
rather than creative. The lack of a 
playmaker at inside centre may 
mean that we will not see the best of 
either David Johnston nor of Scott 
Hastings, both of whom have 
benefited greatly from their pairing 

with Simon Scott this season. S5cW 
is to my mind a surpass oanMOB. 


bade will never play as wl! 
he did in the trial, but ooactheJ^ 
he proved in that game the benefits 
of ptiwerfiil intrusions into the oaca 

^Overall, the team is one which is 

a«Kwrtss. , ass 

goalkicker may also mean that 
Scotland are intent on scoring mes 
which is never an easy task against 

the French. 

as sorrow 

j H BorwU drabmdl. 

Mondays this season for ties 
postponed from the Saturday 

Bradford City’s third round 

Twickenham sells out twice over 

wm to let the public know replay against Ipswich Town 
automaucaUy when rearranged ^ place at EUand Road, 
U« would be played. the home 0 f Leeds United. 

Last night’s three rescheduled Bradford originally wanted to 
ties, including the two Sheffield stage the game at Odsal Rugby 
games, and Middlesbrough’s League ground but Northern 
against Southampton were post- meel Odsal there on Sunday 
poned after early morning City feared that the pitch 
4d.) inspections. An FA Youth Cup would not recover in time. 
V tie between Chesterfield and EUand Road will only have .an 
Manchester United was post- 24 hours’ recuperation 

poned for' the third lime and put itself since Wigan play Hull 
back until Monday. Kingston Rovers on it in the 

, _ . . „ John Player Trophy final on 

Yesterday evening Umteds Sunday 
FA Cap tie with Rochdale was 

still scheduled to go ahead Gillingham have rearranged 
tonight as the thaw continued in their third division game with 
many areas of the opuntry. Newport County for Tuesday, 
Mark Higgins, who has not February 11. 


K&fc* "H 

E' • •' j •.'•.J • 

Clubs upset 
at final 

* decision 

Chelsea and Manchester Cfty 
hare bees tofaf that they cannot play 
the Full Members* Cop final at 
Wembley on Saturday March l.Tbe 
Football Association appeals com- 
mittee. yesterday upheld Oxford 
United's appeal that their font 
division game at City’s Main Boad 
should pi«w on that 


Now and Manchester 

Gty who have agreed to underwrite 
the Wembley final for np to 
£150,000, most find a suitable 
midweek date, with Wednesday 
March 19, the original date, the 
Eivonrite. . 

The derision is a blow to the 
Football League management 
committee, and it is a disappoint- 
ment to the two dobs. Peter Swales, 
, the Manchester City chairman, said. 
|,i. “I am amazed and shattered at 

* the decision,” “more so as both the 
League and the FA said we could go 
ahead on March 1”. 

“I am disappointed that Oxford 
brought the protest as it is an away 
game for them. This was an occasion 
which would draw the crowds and to 
see it jettisoned Is a great shame. 
Aral I am disappointed for oar fens, 
many of whom had already booked 
accommodation in London. 

“Flaying on a Wednesday will 
make a difference of 20,000 - from 
60,000 to 40,000 - on the gate so aU 
21 dobs that took a dance on the 
competition vriQ hi Be money and that 
includes Oxford.** 

“We are confident that it will stOl 
he at Wembley but we are 
disappointed that the Oty fans win 
hare a lot more trouble travelling 
down,” the Chelsea secretary, 
r Sheila Marsan, said. 

Oxford United's m a nag i n g direc- 
tor, Brian Dalton, presented his 
rink's case, which was baaed on the 
Fall Members' Cop rale 30 giving 
League and Milk Cap matches 
preference. u It was the only decision 
that they could bare readied,” be 
said. “We fed duty-bound that oar 
fans are able M travel to Maine 
Road on a Saturday whereas It 
vronid not he possible in midweek. 
We are only foUowing the rales.” 

• Bob LatchfonL the former 
England forward, has left Lincoln 
City to join Newport County. 
Latchferd wanted a dnb nearer fan 
Swansea home. 

Luton sign 
top scorer . 
from Wigan 

By Clive White 

Luton Town wasted little time in 
attempting to ensure that their 
momentum in the first division is 
not lost by the tempor ary disappear- 
ance of Mick Harford, their 
excellent centre forward, with a 
knee injury. They signed Mick 
Newell, Wigan Athletic’s leading 
scorer, yesterday for £85.000 and he 
will male* his debut against Chelsea 
at Stamford Bridge on Saturday. 

Newell is a six-footer, like 
Harford, who has gone into hospital 
for an operation on a knee which 
has been troubling him- He will be 
out for a month. Newell is the third 
division's leading scorer with 19 
goals. He has made 72 league 
appearances for Wigan and scored 
in last season’s 3-1 win over 
Brentford at Wembley in the Freight 
Rover' final. The money will ease 
Wigan’s financial problems. 

David Pleat, the Luton manager, 
faced with the threat of losing one of 
his own players, win recommend to 
his directors that they refuse the 
transfer request of Andy Dibble, 
their reserve goalkeeper. 

Another dub unlikely to release a 
particular player is Liverpool. Jim 
Smith, the Queen’s Park Rangers 
player, confirmed yesterday that he 
is interested in Pan! Walsh, who is 
still on the Liverpool transfer Hsl 
B ut Smith’s appreciation of the 
skUfil former Luton player is likely 
to remain from a distance Smith 
and his chairman, Jim Gregory, saw 
an outstanding p erform ance from 
Walsh against Norwich City on 

“He was one of a number of 
players I went to see,” Smith said. 
“It is up to the chairman whether we 
take it further.” Liverpool are 
unlikely to let Walsh go, given 
Rush’s poor goalscoring returns. 

Should any offer frem Rangers be 
rejected. Smith will no doubt 
understand. He indicated yesterday 
that Rangers were not prepa red to 
release Leroy Rosenior. about 
whom Brentford had inquired. 

Two other Rangers players. Steve 
Burke and David Kerslake. are, 
however, about to depart from 
Loftus Road. Burke is negotiating a 
three-month loan spell at Birming- 
ham, while Kerslake is talking to 
Hull City about a permanent move. 

Lineker: Everton and England have profited from jus speed and sharpness I 


Big-money buy endears himself 
to one half of Merseyside 

Gary times his nms 

belter ***•" his appointments. Calm 
and collected in the penalty area, be 
was slightly flustered when he 
arrived 90 minutes late for am 
muting, *«" 1 ” to m photo sesxhm 
which bad overran. “I hate being 
late” be said as be apologized his 
annoyance compounded by the 
knowledgr that it meant that he 
would have to pais- np bis other 
passion, snooker, for the afternoon. . 
That however was a minor 
inconvenience in his currently happy 

Bora and bought up in Leicester, 
he joined Leicester Off from school, 
hot his more to -Everton in the 
rammer has led to greater success. 
“Everton are 25 per cent biggs in 
every sense than Lei cester ” he said. 
That Is no criticism of Leicester. I 
tad right very happy years there.” 

Lineker, aged 25, has moved into 
a c on vert e d barn outside So uthp o rt 
and has settled In quickly on 
M er seyside. “X thought 1 might be 
homesick” he admitted, “But I 
haven’t been.” 

Nose for goals 

The success of his move most 
have helped, for as the extended 
photo session su gg ests, he is much 
in demand at the- moment, his goals 
having played an important part in 
Everton’* recent surge op the 
League table. His speed and 
sharpness have added an extra 
dimension to the team which 
dominated Inst season, sod it is hard 
In resist the condnsioa that bat for 
their plague of injuries Everton 
would already bold an un a s sa il able 
lead in the first division. 

Lineker is also beginning to 
establish himself hi n** England 
team, where the combination of Us 
nose for goals and Hoddk’s passing 
ability offer some reason to hope 
that England's pe renni al inability to 
score regularly will not be so 
noticeable in MexicoL 

Lineker has always been a 
goalraorer, getting nearly one in 
every two games dining his time at 
Leicester, but bis impact at Everton 

has been eaxeptiottaL Even Mg* 
money boys, perhaps especially big- 
money boys, take thir time to settle 
into a new environment. 

When Archibald and Crook* 
joined Tottenham Hotspur, another 
team with an accent on midfield 
play, like Everton, they remarked 
that they bad to impose their needs 
as front players on the team before 
the goals began to flow. Lineker, a 
likeable, level-headed man with a 
sharp sense of hmnoar, denies such 
a necessity. 

Handicaps overcome 

Even so,- he started at Everton 
with two extra obstacles to 
overcome. HI* £800,000 transfer fee 
p r o vided extra anmundtion for 
foottalTs critics, fedoding tbs 
Government, in die wake of die 
Bradford and Brands tragedies, 
while winning over the critical 
Everton supporters was not nude 
easier by him replacing Andy Gray, 
» local favourite.. 

Those potentia l handicaps how- 
ever bad little risibie effect os bis 
happy-go-lncky personality. He 
started well enough, hot Evertoa 
manager, Howard Kendall, believes 
that it is only now that the foil vaine 
of Lineker’s speed and intelligent 
running is being exploited. '• 

“The quality of the servic* Is so 
good” Lineker said. “Gary Stevens, 
Trevor Steven and Kevin Sheedy all 
bit is such good cresses. Then it b 
sp to me to get in front of the 
defender - 1 thing that getting there 
is the important thing.” 

If. playing for Everton has 
extended Lineker’s range, he has 
added d ram a tica lly to their options, 
and they are now the leading scorers 
in the country. “With Andy there vre 
nsed to hang high balls into the box 
rather more” raid Peter Reid, whose 
Achilles tendon injuries have made 
him a frustrated spectator daring 
most of llnekeris settfing-fo period. 
“We tended to get balls tn midfie ld 
and get them wide the wbole time, or 
knock tbtem to the front pair to have 
played back to ns. But Gary’s pace 

gives ns another outlet because we 
can knock the ball in behind 

“That keeps them on their toes, 
became defenders don't like the ball 
in behind them, they prefer play to 
go in front sf them. Bat we still go 
wide, became we have such good 
players oat there, and we can also 
still knock it np to Graeme Sharp 
and hit Gary with the second balL” 

Kendall says of his expensive 
signing: “Gary makes very good 
runs getting into tbe channel 
between the centre half and the foil 
back, and be can also go on one 
straight through the middle. If it’s 
p at over the top and he gets on his 
bike nobody catches him, his pace b 
electric”. A defender who would 
ruefully concur is David O'Leary. 
The Republic of Ireland inter- 
national b himself no sluggard, bnt 
he was left panting in Lineker’s 
wake as the forward ran from the 
centra rirdr on to Sharp's fHck to 
score Ererton's first goal in their 6-1 
defeat of Arsenal hi November. 

Ahead of the field 

Others hare suffered similarly, 
while be has also played hb part as 
a provider and if the destination of 
the League championship b to be 
derided by the contest between the 
leading forwards he and Us partner 
Sharp are currently ahead of tbe 
field. “As a poir they've scored more 
than Dixon and Speed ir or Cottee 
sad McArennie”, Reid pointed ont 

Lineker though b not getting 
carried away. He was once described 
as a white Btissett, and be knows 
that he wfll continue to mbs chances 
as well as score them. Hb equable 
temperament fits hb role ideally. 

“Tbe tinting and the ram are the 
most important things. It's when you 
are not g etting chances that yon 
hare to start looking and qaestion- 
ing what yon are doing. You’re 
bound to mbs chances, and if yon 
worry about missing a chance ft 
means you’ll probably mbs tbe next 

Peter Ball 

Blackpool reserves 

Horton’s memory lane 

The Hull Gty player-manager, 
Brian Horton, recalled himself at 
Plymouth Argylc on Tuesday night, 
and his disciplined midfield display 
in front of a besieged back four 
ensured a 1*0 FA Cup third round 
replay victory, earning a fourth 
round game against Huffs second 
division rivals, Brighton, one of 
Horton's former dubs. 

“It’s lovely to be at home to 
them. I’ve got great memories of 
Brighton.” he said, after Roberts’s 

sixth minute goal had decided a 
battle in tbe Home Park mud. 

Hatton, 37 next month, was 
aided by superb performances from 
the goalkeeper, Norman, and the 
winger. Askew, 

Plymouth, whose 13,940 attend- 
ance was their biggest since the 
1983-84 surge to the semi-finals, 
missed a glut of chances, Hodges 
twice going dose during a tie which 
only went ahead after three pitch 

B l ac kp ool’s directors have called 
an extraordinary general meeting of 
shareholders, to discuss the settin 
up of a pro perty company to hold 
the assets ofthe club as an assurance 
against future cash difficulties. 

If tbe board’s action is approved, 
shareholders will exchange their 
present shares for shares in tbe new 
^company, to be called Blackpool 
Football Gub Properties Limited. 

Tbe assets of the dub - that is the 
ground and Gub Tangerine- would 
be transferred to tbe new company. 
Blackpool Football Gub Limited 
would continue to run the dub and 
would lease the ground from the 
property company at a pep p ercorn 

The dub chairman, Ken Chad- 

wick, has sent a circular to 
shareholders explaining that the 
directors have reap p raised the dub’s 
financial affairs o that if outside 
matters caused future cash difficult- 
ies then the dub assets could be 
preserved and ’there would be a 
more realistic chance of football 
continuing in Blackpool. 

Shareholders will be required to 
give a 75 per cent majority vote to 
approve the new company at the 
extraordinary AGM on January 29. 
• Northampton town’s chairman, 
Derek Banks, bad . talks with 
representatives ,of Northampton 
Town Council, -yesterday about 
plans to move the dub two miles to 
a council owned site in the 
Brack mills area of the town. 

FA CUF: TIM mad rsptny : Rymoufi Argyta 
0. Hul City 1 (HU) « horns to Brighton). 

THTO DIVISION: Brtrtol Otv 4. Doncwtar 
Rows IrSwansra CMy 2, WNral t. 

FA YOUTH CUR TIM ram± Bufcpool 0, 

Hangars 8, tpsMch 1. 

Crawtay 4, Bash^snfea 0. Soulharn (Sr ta lo a. 
Burnham and Htengdon a RuUp 4. 
BarMm 4, Sough 3: Harrow 3, Epsom and . 
EwaU0;Vft*fcrfwm2.C«ftatexia I 


• All otftar matches poatponad. 


tiUA MATCH: Pananh 10, SeuSi Walts Polte# 
22 (abandoned after 55 ntis). 

The Rugby FootbeU have re- 
turned more than £1 zniDi on to 
unsuccessful applicants who wanted 
rickets for the two five-nations 
internationals at Twickenham this 
ffry> " More th«n £700,000 has 
been sent back to dubs for the . 
Wales game on January 18 and 
£300,000 for the Ireland match on 
Match 1. 

Clubs will only get a third of what 
they wanted for the Welsh match 
and half* of those required for the 
Irish fixture. And the RFU have 
refused to give tickets to 1 * a number 
of schools and dubs’* who have 
been found guilty of passing on part 
of their allocation for firms to use 
on a commerical basis. 


Finns have 
new wave 
of jumpers 

Helsinki . (Reuter) - Finland. . 
where ski jumping this year 
celebrates its centenary, is sure to 
mark tbe oocassion with another 
glorious episode in its mastery of 
the sport 

A new crop of brilliant youngsters . 
has begun to emerge to tack up the 
dominance of Matti Nykanen, the j 
world champion, who is now keen 
to re co ver his reputation after he 
was dropped from the Finnish 
'squad after a poor performance 
and conuoveny surrounding his . 
behaviour on tour in Canada and 
the United States. His coach said he 
tad disturbed his icam-mates and 
had had troubles with his drinking 
habits. ... 

Foremost among the new wave it 
Pcrtti Suorsa, aged 18, widely 
regarded as Finland’s second-ranked 
jumper after Nykanan. Suorsa, an . 
outstanding -all-round athlete, i 
proved his quality by beating the 
world’s best at Oberstdorf m west 
Germany on the opening day of 
European ski jump week on 
December 30 and then jumping well 
for seventh place on the second day. 

Finland’s ski jumping critics say 
Suorsa wfll take his place among the 
sport’s elite if he can find 
consistency, a problem which feces 
all young jumpers, and core a habit 
of splaying his skis daring flight - a 
blemish which brings low marks 
from tbe style judges. 

He wfll also need to stand 
comparison with a revived Nykanen 
who has been reinstated in the 
Finnish squad after patching things 
up with the Finnish Ski Federation. 

Eminence in the sport in Finland, 
and elsewhere, is usually only 
reached by jumpers who start the 
sport at an early age and the number 
of good jumpers is low. inevitably, 
because most would-be prac- 
titioners are scared off by the 
dangers. Suorsa, who is studying to 
be an electrician, began jumping 
when be was' eight . . . and he has 
overcome any fear. 

The Finnish national squad also 
contains several other promising 
youngsters including -Ari-Pekka 
Niflcfia. aged 16, who is feeling his 
way into top-flight international 
competition. Much is hoped from 
him m the sport which has captured 
the enthusiasm of the Finns since it 
was first introduced as a competi- 
tive event in 1886 in Helsinki. 

Ski jumping was originally 
established even earlier in the 
century by Norway. Today, Nor- 
way, Finland -and neighbouring 
Sweden make a powerful Nordic 
triumvirate. They have been 
gradually joined on equal terms by 
countries in eastern and western 
Europe. Japan, tbe US and Canada. 

Youthful competitors,, like Nyka- 
nen, coupled wrth the advent of 
television, have helped bring ski 
jumping to the notice ofbundreds of 
millions of sports fens. 

Slti jumping also includes slri 
flying whidb can only be dose from 
giant hills at OberndorC Kulm in 
Austria. Planica in Yugoslavia and 
Vlkersond in Norway! 


Council to take up case 
of Cardiff winger 

A game migrants should not tackle lightly 

Ray Mordt enjoyed his first " ary of the tonchline. On one raenred: “He’s strono and last and 

By Keith 

The Rugby League council, meet- 
ing in Leeds yesterday unanimously 
decided to take up the case of the 
banned Cardiff winger, Steve Ford, 
on grounds that the Welsh 
Rugby Union’s decision amounts to 
unfair discrimination against tbe 
player. David Howes, the League’s 
public relations officer, said the 
League would launch a campaign 
attacking the RFU ax the heart of 
their constitution - the by-law 
which forbids free movement 
between the two codes. 

The 'League will work through 
parliament and the -Central Council 
for Physical Recreation and (CCPR) 
take advice immediately from legal 
experts on the most effective 
method of attacking the sine die ban 
on Fend, who had trials with Leeds- 

Howes said MPs and members of 
the legal profession had been in 
touch with LeagC headquarters by 
telephone and letter pledging 
support for tbe campaign, and there 
was a strong likelihood that 
sympathetic MPs would put down 

t Macklin 

an earfy-day motion condemning 
the WRLTs action. This would be a 
follow-up to a motion criticiznig the 
RFU for their refusal to allow free 
movement between amateur players 
in tbe two codes. 

The CCPR is an ideal framework, 
for the League’s campaign, since the 
RFU. the Rugby League and the 
British Amateur Rugby League 
Association are aU members. Howes 
said that at present the League did 
not intend implementing an Implied 
threat to pubnsb the names of other 
Welsh playera who have had trials 
with League dubs. 

• If Hull, as expected, beat their 
amateur opponents - either Dudley 
Hill or Simms Cross - in the 
preliminary round of the Silk Cut 
Challenge Cup, the first round game 
between Hull Kingston Rovers and 
Hull win be televised on February 8. 
to The council have nominated 
three referees to the international 
panek John Holdswonh (Leeds). 
Fred London (Wakefield) and R. 
Wbitiield (Widnes). 

Ray Mordt enjoyed his first 
experience of Rugby League on 
Sunday bnt afterwards he Issued a 
powerful warning to the 30 or 40 
Sooth African Rugby Union players 
who are said to be thinking of 
joining die migration to England. 

The Springbok international wing 
smiled with pleasure and some relief 
alter his n ns pecta cnlar but convinc- 
ing debut in Wigan’s 42-0 victory 
over Swhxton. Then he became 
deadly serums as be said; “I would 
warn any Sooth Africans who want 
to follow Rob Iaov and me into 
Rug by League too think hard about 
ft and to come and study the game In 
V-wgtend before making a deeman. 

“Rugby League is a hard game as 
well as a sldifol and test one, The 
tackling is much harder in League; 
the tuslos hit yon so such harder 
and sore you go down and 

so m etimes tw» or three players hit 
yon at the same time. International 
Rugby Union is hard but this is the 
hniwt tackling I’ve ever experi- 

“Other playera who want to come 
to tins country should dn what Sob 
and l tod: come, over here, for a 
couple of weeks, look at file 'game. 


Keith Macklin . m&M. 

talk to people and decide whether 
this is really what they want to da. 
Otherwise they may get a bit of a 

Mordt nude a great impression 
on the knowledgeable Wigan crowd 
of nearly 13^000 an Sunday. On the 
instructions of the W»gaw coaching 
saff be tried no spectacular stunts, 
kept to hfs position and when the 
ball' came his way ran hard and 
str aight. 

Swnaon, determined not to be the 
«4toOidiig cast In a high-scoring 
Mordt debut, marked him closely 
and prevented him from touching 
d own bnt time and again be m«H« 
spirited d a shes , drawing defenders 
to the wing and leaving big gaps 
inside to be exploited by Wigan's 
speedy backs. 

Although the iwriri— came 
Humping in he sever shirked a 
confrontation or sought the sanctu- 

ary of the toachline. On one 
occasion he sped across from the 
right jving to the left an a weaving 
cwidirid ran which almost made a 
try for Henderson Gill. 

Mordt’s credentials as a Rugby 
League winger have been strongly 
eadorsed by the Wigan chairman. 
Jack Hilton, himself a former 
Wigan and Great Britain touring 
team tfareeqnarter. After watching 
Sunday’s game be waxed almost 
lyrical about the Springbok. “He’s 
got what K takes. He’s brave, he 
nms straight, he knows where the 
try fine is and he knows when to 
come inside and when to stay 

A little more guarded, bat still 
enable to dbgsiseliii admiration for 
a pro misin g first game, was Martin 
Ryaa. who also played in the backs 
tar Wigan and Great Britain. Ryan 
is a Utile dubious atom tbe wisdom 
of spending a total of £75,000 for 
Mordt and Us colleague Louw and 
stresses that the South Africans wCU 
have to earn their places in Wigan's 
all-star, congested first-team squad 
before the expenditure can be 
justified. ' However, Ryan com- 

mented: “He’s strong and last and 
looks like a good winger”. 

Monte and Wigan are encouraged 
by the feet that in the past 25 years 
some of the finest Rogby League 
wingers have been Sooth Africans. 
The magnificent Tom van VolieiH 
hoven, Trevor Lake, Leo Killeen, 
WHf Rosenberg, Jan Prinsloa. Gert 
Coetzer and the centre, Aten Skene, 
all made big impacts on tbe game in 
Britain after signing from South 
African Rugby Union. 

Mordt relishes the challenge. 
“After Sunday’s game I know J can 
™fce it. t know what to expect and 
tbe Wigan coaches and playera keep 
tefihig me where to stand and where 
to ap positions. Before long It 
will become second nature. Against 
Sainton I f eft so good I wanted to let 
rip an my own tat Wigan are a great 
team and the coaches like everybody 
to play to a team plan. That suits 

Mordt obviously soils Wigan, 
since they have chosen him, on die 
strength of onegame, for die squad 
to ptay Hull Kingston Rovers in 
Satnrday's John Flayer Special 
Trophy final at Elland Road, Leeds. 

The total does not indude the 
dduge of cheques from individuals, 
whose applications are not even 

“The demand exceeded the actual 
tickets available by October 10 last 
year with quite a lot to spare”, 
Richard Ankenon. the RFU ticket 
officer, said. “We have been 
automatically sending tack appli- 
cations from individuals and in met 
one of ray staff spends his whole day 
doing just that He doesn't go out in 
the dark during tbe season. 

“Some dubs and schools'- not a 
s u bsta n tial number - have had their 
allocation withheld after it was 
discovered that some of their tickets 
had been given to firms who 

provided rugby packages at Twic- 
kenham. Obviously if just one «r 
two tickets had gone astray then we 
took this into consideration. 

• Ian Russefl. the Royal Navy 
forward, has been suspended for a 
month after being sent off while 
playing for Plymouth Albion on 
December 14. Russell was dis- 
missed. along with the Exeter 
Banker . David Hanland, for 

It is Russell’s second four-week 
ban. He was sent off against 
Tredegar. Hartland escaped punish- 
ment. the Devon disciplinary 
committee taking his previous good 
record into account. 


Britain reopens its 
$100m shbp window 

■ By John Blunsden 

Celebration of Britain's suceas in 
international motor, sport durio* the 
past year and the unveiling of 
several-new cars for the coming 
season are the twin themes of the 
Raring Gar Show which opens this 
mornjng at the Alexandra Pateee 1 
Pavilion in North London. 

The exhibition, which is . orga- 
nized by the British Racing and 
Sports Car Gub. will run for four 
days and be' officially opened by 
Martin Brand (e. leader of the 
Tyrrell Formula One team. 

Among the exhibits will be the 
Marlboro McLaren grand prix car 
with which McLacn have won their 
second world championship in 
succession and the Rothmans 
Porsche , in which Britain’s. Derek 
Bell became the 1985 sportscar 
world champion. 

March Engineering, who, along 
■with Lola Cars, have dominated 
Indy car racing io the United States 
in recent years, arc showing their 
1986 Indiiutapolis challenger, tbe 
S6C. but after tbe show cUxes on 
Sunday this car. which carries <a 
price tag of S 1 50.000 will be taken to 
the Cranfidd Research Institute forf 
a foil scale crash test to prove its 
safety qualities. 

Lola are unveiling their latest 
Sports 2000 car, the T86/90. for 
which orders for which orders for 30 
examples have already been secured 
from United States buyers. It is 
estimated that Britain's motor 

' raring industry is contributing 
■annually a sum wfll in excess of 
S100 motion in export earnings, for 
which this show is a shop window. 

Back in the 1960s the Racing Car 
Show the main event of the winter 
season for motor sporting enthusi- 
asts but in later fell from favour 
with exhibitors because of the 
difficulties of manning stands for up 
to 10 days during what is 
traditionally their busiest time with 
preparations for the new season. 
The derision to restructure it into a 
more compact four-day show, 
therefore, has been widely wel- 

The show covets the full 
spectrum of motor sport from grand 
prix to modified saloon and from 
the latest rally supercars to hot-rods 
and dragsters. Sports-minded visi- 
tors will be able to buy anything 
from a complete racing car to a 
course of driving lessons, as well as 
special engines, tyres, wheels and 
clothing, race and rally equipment, 
or repair and restoration services. 

For other there is the rare 
opportunity to study at dose 
quarters the intricacies of foe latest 
breed of computer-programmed 
Formula One cars - a bewildering 
Wend of sophistication and ingen- 
uity in vivid contrast to the relative 
simplicity of Graham HflTs world 
championship winning BRM of 
1962, which is also on display. 

divMendi mfajact to retcroflny. MTflP fLHB 4tt JHH . 



24PTS... £81,032*65 A 

23 PTS £715*80 -. 

22VZPTS. £173*52 

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ttofa Ctuw fcjdwtoi W bwu UVts. 2 


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10 HOMES £79*65 

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Exparun and Commission 
2tet December 1888-31-7* 

for coupons wmmm 



This weeks Great fat 




ywr coupon ituMour/ 

RVFCnFR A ncuirvnm. >■ 



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22 pts £74.95 

21*4 pts £3.00 

TmMs Qtanca Dnfttond* to Unto of Hp. 

E200.60 Nothing Banud) *234.55 

-£27.25 SAWAYS £1.60 

-£74.95 WoWttlBaiiBd) 

- F?00 PIC S Ei IQ 

toofun g*|»*«vw«ratoUiraofiOti. 

^For coupons Phone 01-200 020 Q ^ 



23 Pis .....£42.351 -/ a SUPER u 


22 Pts £3.101 1 I *P seal m arB 7n ** 1 

EanafrCwraHiiigi ftiSmtan-KKi Abon dividunda 



for Combs 

on a 

' By Dick Hinder 

The Nick Vigort-trained Kesslin, 
wjdi a tempting lOst 121b, was 
Among the front-runners - in all tbc 
ant -post lists, follow- 
ffg the publication of the weights 
for- the Schweppes Gold Trophy 

Kesslin, runner-up to Harry 
in last season's Waterford 
Jjystal Supreme Novices' Hurdle at 
•be Cheltenham Festival meeting, 
*>*£ been competing' in top-dass 
company this term and receives a 
generous 111b poll with Martin 
Pipe's -Champion Hurdle hope. 
Corporal Qmgcr. for a two-length 
«fcat in the Still Trucks Bula 
Handle at Cheltenham las. month. 

Vigors, more than satisfied with 
Knshn'a assessment for the sea- 
son’s most coveted handicap hurdle, 
to be staged at Newbury on 
February 8, said: “Our fellow has 
ran in the three most competitive 
hurdles so for this season and h »T 
done welL We are. aping to run him 
m the Teal and Green Handicap 
Hurdle at Ascot on- Friday. It’s the 
first time he's tackled handicap 
company. He'll probably have top 
weight, but we hope his class will see 1 
him through. If he .does well there, 
then the Schweppes is a definite 

Peter Haynes the Funtington 
trainer, is going to sit down and 
have a dose study of the weights . 
before declaring his hand with 
Southerner (1 1st 31b), one of file 
moat improved hurdlers in training, 
who landed Windsor's New Year's 
Day Hurdle by two and a ball 
kmgths from the 1984 Schweppes 
scorer, Ra Nova, who gels a 31b pull 
for Newbury. 

Martin Pipe, the Wellington 

f-ryrt if *> 

Tom Sharp amo ng the <kvoiurites fartke Scliweppes G«Ul Trophy 
trainer, will , not piece together his among 7 other '■ Schweppes entries- Corporal C 

Schweppes entry until after Cars 
Eyes, allocated lOsi 61b, competes in 
the Irish Sweeps Hurdle on 
Saturday. ‘ 

Chrysaor (lOst 61b). Comedy Fair 
flOst Sib) and David Elsworth’s 
Honeydew Wonder (9st 9ib) are 

among 7 other '' Schweppes entries- 
running at Leopardstown. Elsworth 
had no- complaints., -about -the 
wei ghting *af his six Schweppes 
entries. He said that Robin Wonder 
looked fairly treated, but could oflfcj- 
no explanation for the dght-ypar- 
okfs disappointing, show behind 

Schweppes Gold Trophy weights 

HURDLE (2m lOOrf: Sue You Than tyre t2W 

W1A Ho«n Wbnttr 6-11-2, Prfctoaux Boy 

Tte Rstmt 5-10-11. tin Prtte 8-10-10. 
Aranm 7-10-10. Amarach 8-10-8. Juimmod 

5- 10-8. Agatac Tho Grain 5-10-7, Tom Stem 

6- 10-7, Steer Gak) B-10-S, Cats Eves S-IDd. 
Canady Mr 0-105. Wtbh WarrW 6-104. 
HianteraMa Lady 5-HM. Ktogswk* 6-1&-4, 
Jw RUa 6-10-3. Phoftr 6-1 fo. Qufcfcstep 
5-10-1. Hold Tho Hoad 8-10-1. ChwSe'a 
Cottage 6-10-0, Yatfc 5-TO-O, Baoalm 6-100, 

Ac# Of Site 6-0-12, Tarryasfa 7-0-13, GcM 
Tycoon 7-S-l£ Potsr Star f-O-n. tariwo man 
7-6-1 a SKnsId 5-0-10. Mata IW 7-04. 
Hooaydow Wonter S-9-9. Lari^dmcK 544, 
MaNntf 544. Tophama Taverns 644. Ram 
Dancer 644. Charlotta’s Dm* 540. Jack 
Raman 64-8. Moon Mariner 6-94. Tlaatoa' 
54-7. Hymte 7-84. Petsr Martin 544. Mr 
Kay 54-4, Jabrokn 6-8-4. Yankee'* P ri n cess 
744, Butin's Pet 744. Youno Mctetaa 54- 
4. RoyM RdoKte 544, Hetyranr 544. 
Hoerw oo d 542. Eaniona Oman 642, T«rt*i 
Of October 744. GaMnt Buck 641, Wood 
Singar 741. Jade And Dtenond 640, 
Brknstooa Lady .544, Jim Thom 544, 
Lnatotee 694. Mameak 744, BoU Juftm 
844. Outae A Nlghr 6-8-a. Batywast 642. 
Lohengrin 10-7-13, VUay Justice 47-14 

Corporal Ginger at Cheltenham. 
“He just ran poorly." Elsworth said, 
"bill one horse who definitely will 
not ran is Floyd." 

John Jenkins also waitaed that his 
Beat the . Retreat is -unlikely to line- 
up. However, Walter Wharton, is 
satisfied with the handicapper’s 
treatment of Tom. Sharpe (lOst 71b) 
and particularly Tcrryash (9st 131b). 
LEADING PRICES: Tola, IB Ksssln. Steer 
Gold, 20 Tom Sharp. Gaia's bingo, Bonofrna, 
Cam Eyes. Ctentoo Cottage. Chryeaor, 
Comedy Fair. Prior Star, Praauc Boy, Ha 
1 Nova. Stans Pride. 

KBk 16 Tom Sharp, 20 Bonakna. Cats 
’Byes, Chortles Mm Chrysac r, Comedy 
Sir. Corporal COwar, Harry Hostings KteBn 
ChbIk 14 Outckstap, IB Comedy Fair. 
Steer Gold. 20 A a*. Ctarte donga, 
Chysaor/ HuteraUa Lady. KessSn, Prtdaamt 
Boy. Ra Nova. Sauttemalr. Tom SterpL 
Haoc a: 16 SakhamMr. 20 Bonalma. Cats 
. Eyas. CharSos Conge, Conady Fair, Oak's 
bnage. team. Ra Norn. Tom Snarp. 

Ladbrokes; 16 Bonakna, Aranm, Comedy 
Fair, SouttemMr, CUcfcstap, Huntoerafcto 
Lady. 20 Tom Btaip, Ra Nova, Kasafin, Stans 


(CD) (A Ford) L Kanrunl 411-13 

<T Parrott) Mi H Parrott 5-1 1-13 ____ 

(W Gaft) MraJRtman 41 1-13 

/Langford) DOkigtiton 5-11-6 

(Mrs A Ferguson) D Mterty-SmKh'5-1 14 




20 00 LAPDSSE 

21 0043 MORAL 

25 2-33 OGDEN YDRX 


1-0 NOVICE HURDLE (Drv t £966; 2m) (23 runners) 


A 1041 MVA 


2 M4 BARRY SHE r ... , „ 

Mr T Thomson Jonas 

_ 4114 A Webber 


D Tucker 41 14 _ 

J Pitman 4114 

terbl)QT^IraigS.114 H Halfc 

(BrHWi Thoroughbred R A B Pie) J Francome 41 14 
_ SSmBhEcdaa 

26 0 PAPPY OWHIEM fft RnrlUM) n Pnphum MM - BrnMiwh 

a 3 PARANG 0 >WUwmAPWMbmi 4114 —DBrolme 

30 PEQWELL BAY fMdor A Berime) T Foratar 61 1 4 HDSifoi 

34 3432 UPHAM GAinfJHBrtakwartii) D Gandallo 41 14 P Barton 

M P PLYING PRS (8 Hanoi) I Wanda 411-1 KTownand7 

36 KIMBLE LASS (M HawkatQG Thomar411-1 

» Op MMHM HT HOCK (PTorylP Tory 411-1 : R Chapman 4 

43 0 YTOOOUUaW ANGEL (1&s J terltagri D Tucker 41 1 -1 ^__C Gray 

46 GENERALISE U Brown# (Construction) } G Thomar 4-104 RScudamara 

47 0 SMCVQOLDjMrtR Hapoum) I Dudgeon 4-104- .MHIdiarda 

48 p POCO L OCO (M m C Howrard) A DavwSl 4-146 

53 UWORNERH) {Mrs LWtaonJR Frost 4-1 D-3 

1B6& Meetkig abandoned - frost md snow. 

42 RTva Rosa. 7-2 Parang, 5 Ogdon York, 142 Upturn Gates, 8 Moral Victory, Aide Nnd,- 

B 24U2/4 CARETS 
10 600400. PUCKA » 

14 10142-1 HACOUVER 
IB 042640 WLD 
17 004003 GHEB40RE 

12 DoubMon, 14 others. 

FORM: DOUBLET ON (114) 2H 4th of 15 to FMng Officer (1410) at Damn Qm If HTcap Hda, 
E4^ao, heavy. Jan 1).RIVA ROSE (114) teat Jacuzzi pi4) Bat Worcas*arj2m Not Hdto, £954, 
■ott. Dec 18, 22 rwti. ALDO UNO 111-0) mate a promising Oabut whan SOIffe of 13 to OppMan 
(114) at Kampton (Sn Not Hda, Ea^ffl. soft. Me 2BJ.DEWBPRY BOY (11-4 107»l4tit to Marah 

GAMBLE (141 1) 41 Sid of 18 to Tertzbig (10-11) at Tbwoeatar fte Not Hdla. EB43, good to aofL 


HURDLE (£1,737: 2m) (26) ' ' 

C p-23134 SWBEICAL fl» (G Sumner) POundeB 9-124 — ■ ■■..■■■X Haywood 7 

3 1/4040- JACK O' LANTERN D) (K Cundefl) P Cundafl 11-11-13 L-ii Bosley 

4 pOOuffi- FORTUNE COOME (D) (MflPFOT) J Fox 14-1 1-12 NHuitar# 

0 040000 GOLDEN MATCH (D) (s Biker) J Bakar B-1 1 4 — £ Murphy 

11 00-2129. JELL HOP 05) ICHmuG Ham 10-114 — SMackay? 







30 PO OELLA < j%JPRr? > Rra»n^ S itetor” A? 45 (6 ax) _G~Lan5u 

34 COW P REY TO HN ADOfp Short) T tenor 5-104 M Hoad 

35 DOOM HOLD THATT lOBt (C Parkai) B Mator 7-104 D Hood 7 

36 oQOO-tO TOPHATTER (M SMna) R Hoogea H04 : W Simpson 7 

MR MSOflErfMrs H CoBra) C WHdman 14104 SFtegcmid7 

GREATEST HRS m) KJ Kant) W tern 9-104 NON-WNNER 

to/ L0R0 0FMSRULE m (OtehnyJD Janm 12-144 Rrtar7 

44 Oaip-04 LES DANCER (D) (A JKDuim) A0um7-104 MYaonwn7 

4 Bob And Patwr, S Jack BUmalr. gw aa tesf , 134 Cafcnacuttar. B BaB Hop, BaBeMna Heap 
Coach. 12 Ms Boy. Boutm, Motfwrs. 

FORM: BELL HOP (10-SHaUad off behind Royal Harbour (104) at Taunton; Barite ft 1-2) 51 2nd to 
Alatfo ni-2) at Ptompton (2m Sal Hffia. EKG. tbm. Oct IB. 8 ran), beuekmo (114) 9 wtow 

t Ctepttow {2ra Nov Hdto. E4.544. oood to aoft Nov 30. 25 ran). OuDEN YuRK no- 
10 JnSteRite (IB-ltB « Nottitteamgm Nov HdM. E638. Dm 21, 20 Mrt). UPHAM 
-11) 41 aid of IB to Tenzbig (1411) at teraestar phn Not Hdto. £843, good to aofL 


{MrtPFmqJ Fra 14-1 1-12 . 
' Baker) J Bakar B-1 1-6 

P) (T Baker) J Baker 4 
HmqG Ham 10-114 


(Mrs G' Davison) A Dateon 1 1-114 . 
(M Watari R R« HD-11 




_T Gibson 7 


10(16) . • i 

3 29183/0 -KHOJA-JA (A Wates) H Gow 1141-8 

4 si aaay 

5 *011/4 ' 

7 201041 FRBTtm. (CO) MsaC BbighandPG Bafiay 

B 24112/4 CARE fS SabMHav) TFdrMerTlJ-104 

I (Mrs D Tucker) Mrs D Tucker 12-10-12 

(A J Btngley LKJ) Mrs J FWnan 8-1D4 

rsBCobdan)JHCobdan 12-104 SSMston 

(Andmv BaMTannia Cotatt)P Bngoyne 9-104 

G McCcurt 

18 42f-24p 

19. U3p-124 
20 130443 

8 5® 

25 30030a MAHCHANT 

29 2pf-p34 MOUNT 

3 Kkn'a Bfatep. 4 Carai 9-2 Hradwte, 6 MaeoBvar, 8 Goldan Hornet, 10 Lta Mgfit Bdra, 12 
King BaBa. 14 Membrtdge. 16 otters. 

FROM: KMGS BISHOP (10-12) wsakanad on In run-in whan tat over 5L 4ft. to Contraries) Mi- 
ld) Wttfi CROZBRBGE (10-ffiJOLwtaiar tram Cd Memter (1 6-6) wtti MOUNT FKteNE (10-0) 
.behind h4lh I0NQ BA BA (11-1) another 2 1 ft Ltecfc in 6lh and CR0ZJBHIGE MOO) puled 
up hara (3m If ITcap Ch. El 926, aofL Dec 26, S rard. CARE (tl-BJJust oaar 29L4th to Jotaia 
Present (10-1^ at Otoptoow (Srn 4TH*cap Ch, £2120 soft, Dae 21. 17iTUfl- MAODUVBt (114) 
nock scorer tram BargN HI-1) at Huntingdon (3m (fa? Ch. £1305; good, Dec 11. 10 .not). 
iraHBinDOEJ1(M-bast affone tite aaaaan when 17 M 4«h to Hazy SwMBt (t14) at Sandown 
“ 41 H Ch. £3] 1C. gc 'J to fcm, Nov 28. 4 r#n) 

. Wincanton selections 

By Mandarin - 

l JO RrvaJLost.L30.L30 PoocDa. 2J) Combs Ditch. 230 XINGTS BISHOP 
(nap). 20 Grateful Heir. 3.30 Clearly Bust ' 

• ’7 r ' ■’ B/ Michael Seely 
l.ORiva Rose. 230 Macotiver. 3.0HlZ(nap), . ; 

3.00 BLACKMORE VALE HANDICAP CHASE (£1,812: 2m) (9) • 

2 0/1143 GRATEFUL fBIR ID) (Ms J O'Brian) NGaaaleo 7-1 1-7 O Browne 

4 121041 BtCXLEIGH BRKKtt (CD) (SBurfMdJJOIIolMrtalS-I^ISe^^ 7 

5 33f-30a FREDDIE BCE (CKambaDlRPariter 9-1 1-f MrTGta5h»n7 

7 4tfu-00 GRHA TO (H Prktamj.1 Dudgeon 9-10-10 M Hfeharda 

8 /Ol p-pO SOME SHOT rm (A Morion) R Amrytaga 7-10-10 A Webber 

9 22CB-02 HD’{IAaGMc fW ian)HVirinM»»a.1<vif r ■ W Hrmn 

10 042102 TIC COUNTY STONE (Mrs ATaytortJTbome 9-1 0-fl P Scudamore 

11 304-111 AKRAM rcn (SABmOR H odgea 5-104 (5 ax) GMoConrl 

12 234022 -MKKROAD (D)(B^ (A3Sdtert)l tenanl 11-104 BPotwR 


(Mn V Judd) C 4ama*9-1 0-1 1 
(H Dudar) M Rtpe 4-10-1141 ai 

MAkram, 100-30 Bkfdalgir Bridge, 5 GrteMHak-, Hta; 114 The CWnty Stone, 7 Tudor 
™ Road. 10 Fredda Boa.' 14 Soma ShotTzBGrVna. 

S1ER (P) Of Dudar) M Rtpe 4-10-11(6 «d~_ 
« tp)JJ A DBrtfnOTrinufBPreac# 7-10-10 _ 
HR (D) (KCunde8)PSwtol 6-104 

IM (Eh (B Hicks) B Hicks 9-JO-9 __ 

BOY (B> (6 Bak8ng)G Balding 6-104 

WOLP nJ) (BWhmm)R Junes 9-10-7 

urn SONgj p Underw yxQD Undenw»d5-104 

- p MpSmorelS) S Me*i iMtkS 

lADOrp and) T tenor 5-104 — 

TKCR (C Parkail S Ma»or7-104 r _ 

... .J Lower 
— PMJar7 
I Steamer* 7 
— C Warren 
—Jf Guest 7 

FORM: GRATBVL HHR (16-lffl 7L 3rd to Royal To Do (10=8 at NoMtoGia m (2m « H*cap Ch. 
£1,741. good, Dec 21,6 reoLJtCKLBGH BRB&f 11-Q teat Bn Ort (1 1r18) 2r»L at Davon (2m 
.11 trap Ch, E2J60, tewy. Jpn 1; 7 rtsd. HK tll-4 7L Sid to Doap -fenpreaakxi 111-11) at 
Waste (2m'Nov Or. £f,472, , good to aofL uic 18T Wran|."llt OOWiY JTONE (104) 7«L2nd 
to Ryaman no-« at Ctetentera BSn.4l HTcw Ch. SJJBB, aaB, Jan 1. B ran). AKHAMflO-a beat 
Jugador (12-4) 1 VliL at Windsor & M*eap<5. E2J24, good to soft. Jsn 1,8 nm). lUDORHOAD 
(10-^ 2^iL aid taEnerg laaP Ou ters Pnrd'capCh.gLEn. soft. Dac2B,5rsnL 

M0-q2ySLaid toBwRte MM) 
• l alac J on : THE COUNTY STONE 

35 DOOM HOLD THATT MEft (C PtrKsi) B Motor 7-104 

36 UNXMO TOPHATTER (M Shtei) R Hodges 6-104 

37 900033/ MR WSCHEFfteHCoteJCWUdroan 10-1CMI 

39 000006 GREATEST Wft m ifG Kant) WKanm 9-104 

43 fed LORD OF MBRULE (H (OJehntfD Janm 12-1M. 

44 Hip-04 LES DANCER (P) (A JKDuisi) AOusi 7-104 

*: BELL HOP 110-5) Ullad off bolted Rgyil Harbour MMJ at TaieSon: saltier (11-2) 51 2r 
o (11-23 al Ptaipton Cm Sal Hdto. £BSL Ann. Oct 16. 8 ran), klleuno (1 i-fl) a te 
Ete's WWi fll-SiK SWrtfbrt (Bn SaS Hdto. £720. tom. fctoy 31. 13 ran). (yttAMACUT 
131 3rd to CM MAi (10-1) at Cteitantem (2m H*cw Hdto. £1.198; Iwny. Dec B, 9 ran). L 

Lady Fkspowar (10^ f«i at Waste Km Jov Hdto, 2836. soft, 
(10-11) test Pampered Gtay (114) Mat Chepstow (2m Sal 
an). BONFIRE fl 0-9) beat Clai»cO*renf1 1-0) Al at Pakanham 
H eap Ms. E837, good. Dec 20. 7 ran). LES DANCER po-0) 13 te to Conaa (114) at 
Abbot (2m S al H*cap Kato. 2556, heavy. Dec 26. 11 ran). 

Dec 13. 25 ran). 
H eap Hdto. £613. 

3 JO NOVICE HURDLE (Div It £993: 2m) (23) 

1 324012 HQUMOOR PATROL (Mrs P Blackburn) Lttsrannf 5-11-13 

2 2-12014 Kino (CD) (Mrs W Speatonan) FWMK 6-11-13 

3 0 ARNOLD’S MLL (Mrs V f-fApti R Hodgas 6-114 

7 O CAREEN fflFl (J MI ddiawaaMMHpa5-114 

8 CHAT5BY fr MxonJT Fomer 5-114 

g 11 CLEARLY 6U8T A) (C HctonasJC Hc*na»6-114 

11 24 CONE ALOIS B3 PtlfapiOA Wtoon 5:1 14 

13 DUBLIN BAY U8unoar)TFaistor 5-114 

13 00 FLYING BRANCH 04 Maugham)! Wsftito 8-114 

20 - 03- HARRTS DOUBLEJN Stanwod)B-114 

23 MAGWA (G LugglTForsfeir 5-114 

2* 34 MO RNdra EXO\ANOT(N Da SavsryJT Forster 6-114 

34 TOMORROtiPS WORLD (Mm H CcteM C WKfcnan 5-1 14 

36 V VITAL BOY (B) (BDavto^R Hoktor5-H4 

39 QUNNEH Gun. (J Nav*e) R Koidar 51 1 -1 __ 

40 M LADY LONGMEAD (Mrs M Tavorshan^ T Butokt 5-11-1 

42 4 TUXM TlflJP Ms H MoRnn) S Motor 6-11-1 .: 

as canrmBTS eajnriR (Mis J Datentem) Mrs E Karratri 4-104 

_J» Paver 
W Kora 4 



2.00 JOHN BULL CHASE (£2,841 : 2m 5f) (5) 

2 2206-12 COMM DITCH Q)(C) (RTocylOBswc 
3. 10J/1-1 FffTY DOLLARS MORE (CD) (SteHdiA 

mra (R Tory) 0 Bncrti 10-12-0 

iWME (CD) (BteHdiAlAbuKhamsfcgFWMar 

11-124 B Da Kaen 

8 111/35- TRACYS SPECIAL (LAomri A Tumel 9-1 24 Stove Krtgm 

16 10140 SOCKS DOWN CCowtoylJ King 7-114 P Scudamore 

11 MV CLAS9KAL LESS (Mrs Jworawcaft) Mrs JWcnnacoR 7-114- - 

7-i Comte Dkch, 154 Fffly DoBara More. B Tracey* Special, 33 oOws. . . 

FORM COMBS DITCH- (1140) a neck 2nd to 

Ei^4^i£ Ow 7^ren). nFTY OCULARS Mt&E (1 14) on aaaaonal debut beat Lean Ort (15^ 
7L at Hereford (2m «l Ch. C122iL good, Dec 19, 3 ran). TRACTS SPECIAL (i 1-10) beat effort tost 
n when m 3rd to imegredon (104) at Ascot pm H*cap Ch, CBOl*. good Oct 31, 5 ran). 
3 DOWNE ri 1 -(9 tevar m wWi a ohancs wtan Btti to Johns Preaoni (1 0-1 3) at Chepstow (2m 

4f H cap Ch. f2l». soft, Dec 21 . 17 ran). 

Setocdoic COM8S DTTCH 

10-11} at Ctetenham (3n 4J H eap Co, 
ton eeenonel debut beat Lean Ortt15a) 

48 032 CHRISTI AN TC HAD (G Koay) R HoMer 4-104 

46 FORT RUPERT a. SmtePytyem 4-104 

51 Dp 'SKYLARK WONDER (AHuife) D Biwortfi 4-104 
53 p TROJAN PRBKEOTWaRordMraMRknal 4-104 

55 DAME FLORA (8 IQmmifw) F Watwyn 4-1 0-3 

SCMstlan Schad, 7-2 Trojan Mnca. 94 Ctoaify BusL 0 VRM Bey, 8 Fort Rupert; Canaan. 10 
Hokmoor Patrol (Otto, 10 omara. 

rant HOLEMOOR PATROL 2nd toe 2 teraa race tost timij prevtourtr no-ISQ boat Drum Makar . 
(1IM2) a short head at Wvoestar pm 2f Not Hda. El J45. fan. Oct 2*. 0 ran). KITTO teaton 33L 

4L hara on Nov 28 (2m Nov Hdto, 
■nLai an i si msW of Steel (1 0-7) at Devon (2m if 
_ .. __ . BU ST (11 -10) beat Aaawan (114) > head at Souttiwma 

gw Hay HMa. SWLteft. Pac 12. 18 rare. HARRY* DOitoLE OLQ 47tL 3rd to The Nub (11-® at 
Jtewk* Cm i Not HJa. 24 rarj. TUDOH TUUP (159)13*1. 4» to Bail 

Founder ( 10 ^) k UngfleW (2m Nov Hda, £897. good town, Dec 7, 20 ran). CHMS11AN SCHAD 


GOING: heavy 

2m) (9 runners) 

1 302 

2 313 

3 031 

1591 at UngfleU (2m Now Hda, £897. good to soft, Dec 7, 20 ran). CMU81UN SI 
M Owtertram (2m Not Hdto. BtJBB. soft, Jan 1). 



9 ooa 

52 Uvta Benuti. 3 DenoEng 
BaMeOtWita. 10 others. 

r, 5 Ring Mae. B Local Tower, B 

Punches Town selections 

By Our Irish Correspondent 
f 15 Dancing Heather. 1.4S Nineteen Shillings. 2.15 
Over The Lssl 2.45 Island Bridge. 3.15 Time Please. 
3,45 Quito Prince. 



1 *12 

2 024 

3 042 

4 443 

6 WO 

0 211 

7 fit 

I 023 

54 tunatoan ShHnoa. 4 Amber Wins, Dawn Ewn, 1 1-2 Trvrky as, 6 
Bumah Road. 10 Inch Casa, 12 otters. 

2.15 THORNTON NOVICE CHASE (£1,380: 2m 41) 

1 B2f CEARTGOLHOR MhaSfiflnMM ■ n “. 1 j lnch 

2 1 DECOY JACK M Gtengfam 7-11-7 K eiSS!! 

* no DEEP SOUTH F Flood 741-7 — Barry 

4 0 JAMES'S GAT* BBdndoy 7-1 1-7-—— .rM urysn 

i R asasaRTSStaS'izz:!*® 

II 304 HWHLAWnRTHTBtoOTifrll-Jjy-.-lftPVBUgwnT 

12 000 PAULS BanWAYEMcSinBre 0-11-4 fPowca 

13 043 RAVEN RIVER PMullna 9-11-4 AMtew 

740wrTteUaL3 Rmn ntar.BttoartGo Uor.7 Doap South. 10 
Owen's Servant. 12 ottera. 

HURDLE (£7.725: 2m) (24) 

5 S SSMjWim— 

[ RnaMmond. B'AaktteBoaa. 10 ottera. 

41) (13) 

S Or3 
1 000 

5 E®8 

4 *13 

i 030 

6 « 

7 430 

8 20b 

9 on 

10 30! 

12 0 ^ 

13 432 

11-4 Tmo Ptoaae. 94 Barra Beauty ._-taf TW rteg. 8 Plpvta Fte. 
Vitamin Maud, > Pepucon. O c a rtoa n . 10 Canrodk. imperial Master, 12 


H ^?y . ajgg 

1 AK MAfOC W Bwafce 11-10 —JB qny 

2 200 ATLANTIC ANGEL MCtonnftrgtem 11-10 A Mart 

3 00 CARfBQALOfE LAD M BowWll-10 — 

4 300 CURRACBtBEG E CWeney 1 VIO —IteBn 

5 200 DOWJAKMtesDovtey l(-10-_- “Wta 

« 0 EDWARDS VISION E Keeme 11-10 D Ofeto 

r 003 mgh austo I Ferauaon i i-iO Q Manto 

8 04 lOCKEY HARLEY Tterawon 11-10 uPGraflto 

8 04 INCKEY HARLEY Ttergwon 11-10 

9 0 OVERDRAWN J Bremen T1-10 — 

to a ouno PRINCE A Moonf 11-10 ; — — 

11 ROBOJutnwmatordii-io 

12 00 aaram HU. PRoenay 11-10 

13 00 TEN SHARKS TWMM 11*10— _ i — 

14 TUB Bma nuii pooxna 11-10 

15 43 WELCOME PM PMUMna 11-10- 

18 233 8EAUTY RUN CPowarll-7 : — 

17 BOO GLEN NOB. DBdgar1V7 MtoaA 

M 600 PRTANA J Murphy 1 1-7 

18 OOP PRTAMA J Murphy tW 
i3< OUto Prlnc*. 4 Beauty Rub. 5 Welcome Pin. 7 Edwards VWon, 
8 Hgh Btond, lOPryana. Attanfac AngaL ISYubtarone^ 14ohara 

- IKeaBng 

JM PtOfepao 
J3 CTBrSna 
— QMantn7 
J Bremen? 
F McGrath 7 

J1 Jaminga 


I Lombard 3 

for pointer 

From Our Irish 

■ Correspondent, Dublin 

Dessie Hughes the Kildare 
trainer whose three runners ha 
Saturday's ■ Sweeps Handicap 
Hurdle at Leopardstown indude the 
lop weight Mfiter HflL entertain 
- most hope for his recent Fairyhonse 
winer William Cramp.' The case in 
£a<ronr of Wntiam Oaop will be 
strengthened if Ducmg Heather 
can. carry top wc^it to victory in the 
.Bun. HOI. Novice Handicap Hurdle 
at FUnchestown this aftenwon. 
Dancing Heather got within three- 
quarters of a length of WSfian 
Crump, and that ran makes more 
appeal than Livio Benrati, who 
fjnrtiwi third In Fargan - at 

The Pune bestows runner whose 
form will strike the strongest chord 
with English racegoers is Over The 
Last. The six -year-old Is trained by 
Tommy Carfeerry, and finished in 
the prize money at both Cheltenham 
and Liverpool last season. 

He was third sta y in g on well 
behind Asir and Sheer Gold in the 
Son Alliance Novices Hurdle and 
then finished second to Out Of The 
doom in the Gtendhet Novices 
HonOe at LherpooL 

This term Over The Last had 
been a most expensive hone to 
follow in conditions hnrdle races 
until he finally got his head in front 
in a four runner 'contest at 

On confirmation though, be looks 
marc a chaser than a hurdler, and is 
fiutefed to Brake a winning debut 
over fences in file Thornton Novice 

By Mandarin \ - 

Combs Ditch, the who has 
a whiff of oxygen to relieve his 
brea tiling difficutitia after each 
race, can get bade on the winning 
trail at wmcanioia today fbiowing 
his. excellent dispaly in. the King 
■ George VI Chase at Konpton- Park 
on Boxing Day. ' 

David Sswortlfs ten-year-old, 
despite a sustained challenge on the 
run-in, foiled by a_neck to catch 
Wayward Lad and lost no caste in 
defeat. Previously this hJgh-dJuS 
.chaser had won. the Stiu Fork 
Tracks Gold Cop over 215 miles at 
Cbctonham in convincing ‘style, 
and should be capable of beating 
Fifty Dollars More at level weights 
in today's John BoU Chase, rim over 
two miles five furlongs. 

Fred Winter’s ll-y ear-old has 
been very lightly raced over the' past 
two seasons, winning his only Stan 
in the 1984-85 campaign, at Devon 
& Enter, m which his victory was 
overshadowed by- -the lorn, of 
Noddy’s Ryde, who broke a leg. 
Fifty Do Hara More returned . tins 
term with a hollow success over two 
moderate rivals at. Hereford, m 
December, and may not be strong 
enough to hold Combs Ditch’s 
expected late surge. 

Ttacys Special was a tour de force 
two seasons ago, tending five of his 
last six closes, but Andrew TumelTs 
nine-year-old has not been seen on a 
racecourse since trailing in test of 
the nine finishers in the 1984 
Hennessy Gold Cup, and may be 
best watched this time. - - 

Combs Ditch’s rider. Colin 
BroWn. should also be an the marie 
in the Lfllo Lmnb Challenge Cdp in 
which he teams up again with the 
Fred Winter-trained King’s Bishop, 
who afte a lengthy -absence, was. a 
close-up fourth behind ControdeaJ 
at Worcester in December. 

King’s Sishop sbowed a good deal 
of promise in novice chases two 
seasons ago- when trained by Les 
Kennard, and this course and 
distance winner is made the best bet 
of the day to account for Jenny 
Pitman's MacoHver and Care, from i 
Tim Forsters in-form stable. 

Lam bourn trainers mount a 1 
particularly strong challenge in the 
first division - of the Novices’ 
Hurdle, which indndes John 
Francome’s Ogden York; Peter 
Wahyyn’s Parang and David 
Munay-Smhh's Barry Sheene. I 
expect Mrs Pitman, another Lam- 
bourn trainer, to prevail with Riva 
Rose, who showed an excellent turn 
of foot when beating Jacuzzi by 
eight lengths at Wo rc ester test 

The second division, of this event 
can go to Clearly Bust. This former 
Flat p er for m er Iras taken well to the 
winter game and was landing bis 
second consecutive victory when 
catching' 'Asswan dose home at 
Southwell. The sut-ycar-old may 
have most to fear foam Christain 
Shad, who pot op bis best effort to 
date when charing, home the 
Triumph Hurdle hope, Tangognat 
at Cheltenham recently. 

Nick Gaseke. who is enjoying 
such a successful spell with . his 
novice chasers, may 'have the 
answer to tbc Blackmon Yale 
Handicap Chase with Gratefol Heir, 
who ran creditably when third 
behind Royal To Do at Notting- 
ham. The seven-year-old is just 
preferre d to course specialist 
BkJdeigh Bridge. 

Record prizes 
at Newbury 

Prfee money for the 14 day’s Flat 
racing at Newbury this year a 
record £752.150, an increase of 
£162,050 on last year. The increase 
is due to a large contribution made 
by, race sponsors. Alrrady one of the 
most heavily, sponsored courses in 
Britain, the - Berkshire track now 
redeves. support for 49 of its 84 
scheduled Rat races. ; 

Announcing the sponsorship .in 
London yesterday course chainiun 
Lord Porchester said: “Our spon- 
sored prize money for the season 
amounts to £308,680, an increase of 
65 per cent on last year’s totaL" 

The sponsorship drive has 
produced 17 new backers. They 
include Matchmaker, the American- 
based worldwide stallion nomi- 
nation and shares exchange, which 
is contributing £15,000 towards tbc 
£25.000 group three Horns Hill 
Stakes at the October meeting. 

Hereford lost 

Racing resumes today at Wincan- 
ton and Punchestown after -two 
blank days, and the prospect for 
Ascot tomorrow are bright. No 
inspection is. planned at Wincanton 
whore the ground is soft 

Today’s Southwell fixture was 
lost to frost and snow, and racing ai 
Hereford tomorrow has already 
been called off for the same reason 
This is the 32nd meeting of the yni 
to be lost. - 

Bonalma backed 

-Irish bookmaker Sean Graham 
reports steady support for last year’s 
runner-up Bonalma who is now 5-1 
favourite -for Saturday's Sweeps 
Han d icap Hurdle, at Leopardstown. 
Graham originally qutoed Bo nalm a. 
whose trainer Arthur Moore has 
won the event three times sine* 
1979, at 7-1 joint-favourite with 
Mare Miller but has laid the horse to 
lose £40,000 in the past 48 hours. 

Another local horse, Dochas, has 
been backed from 12-1 awri is nonv 
bracketed with . Marc Miller .on the 
S-J mark. 

Newnes appeal 

A Jockey Club spokesman has 
confirmed that the banned jockey 
Billy Newnes is to appeal for a 
reduction in his three-year sentence. 
Newnes was banned for three years 
on January 31 1984 for allegedly 
accepting £1,000 from the pro- 
fessional gambler Hany Bardsley. 
So for he has missed two Flat 
seasons. Newnes's solicitor, 
Matthew McCloy, has submitted a 
formal request 10 the Jockey Chib to 
review the ban, bm no date has been 
sci for a hearing. The 26-year okl 
Lrverpool-botn jockey won the 1982 
Oaks and Champion Stakes on 
Time C har ter. He was allowed to 
continue work at Henry Candy's 
Kingstone Warren stable, although 
not as a jockey. 

Course specialists 


TCAjNEM! F feMar. 24 wtonara from 70. 
rumen 343* Mr* j Pttman, 10 from 52. 

” n tT ** B - flfrarg<3 - . 

. jOCKBWs B Jto Heart 13 winners from BO. 
rtatJfl. TV K M ooney, 18 whom from 102, 
17.6%; P Barton, 12 from 77, 154ft. " 



require Jt-aKratorr tac Mc.CMWf 
London offlea. *te«tli« aa wal as 
Mtog - bucId Jrecapdon MAtoa 
faaaoUL WHto bj torn taatonoa wWi 
UteMMK • 


£ 7,000 neg. 

We axe a larg: Advertising Agency in MayfoiT and are look- 
ing for a young infrfHjpM« Sccretwy/typia to join our busy 
Research Depa r t m enL . 

This job would suit a college leaver with test accurate typ- 
ing, a flexible appraocto to work and the ability to work well 
within a team. Some Word Processing experience would be 
an advantage but training will be given. 

We offer a friendly working environment with subsidised 
wine b ar/re s» w ir««nt and company shop. 4 weeks holiday 
and STL scheme. If you would like further information 
please telephone 

Susanna Jacobsen ea 
429 9496 

Secretary to 
Fashion Buyer 

Efficient and cheerful Secretary is required for the special 
offers Fashion Buyer for CosmopolTtan. Company and She 
. Magazines. No shorthand but experience with a Word Pro- 
cessor necessary, plus ability to work on own tasks in a 
busy department essential. Aged 24-30. 

Please write giving detafis of experience and current salary, 
to: Bevertte Rower. Personnel DepartmenL National Maga- 
zine Company, 72 Broadwick Street, London W1 V 2BP. 


Ando TJfptet Age 20+ 

£7,000 pa neg 

' A writ-dressed, fcntaUgant and adaptable person with good audio- 
■ /typing skffls to work In ■ small friendly office situated off Pint 
StreeL Interesting professional work. Tetsptom Don Johnson si- 
583 8033 


v'A- 1 ■ 11 1 ! 1 1 . 1 1 


W 01-278 9231 



- - Wopd Processing 
IBM Disp la /writer 
Phillips 5020 
Data Logic 


Copy Typists 


■ WV* 

Temporary Staff Consultants 

1 Kmesirar, London WC2B6XF. Teh 01-836 9272 
Duke Strara House (Opposite Selfridges), 

415/417 Oxford Street, London W1R 1FH. Teh 01-629 9883 

not Man u al. Salary neoaUtorie- 
Pto«K tetanhena Ol -am 6666. 






63 S 

opportomtyfor a Seoaeiary towoA for twoof-our p j^xtcus ?r ptraonT 
offices dpsefo Waterioo Station. ; ' . »- 

Tbesuccessfiil applicant is likely tobehetween 24-35 and edtiotcd 

■ jt3£±xsd&ig. .iCKbdOcnt shorthand. Ybq should aod 

1 1 1 i nv-iir,,*.- ’ 

b a d d tti oa to <fae salary, we ofiexalarge range pfb e n e fits indodfag 
ficc lunches, non-axitributory pension and . concessionary 





• Interested? . . •> - T ; •. ?,• .* •' 

V Please contact Ann Goiae oDW-92S7822&ran 

appfcracfon form. •"•••-'• 

'• Investors in Industry pfc, 91 Waterloo Road, 
London SE1 8XR 


Sales Manager of axpandbig computer company 
needs aSecretary/PA to help manage hb Department. 
You ^therefore need to be able to: 

- deal with people pleasantly, confidently and 
. efflcMy on the telephone; 

- produce accurately spefled and typed letters and 

reports, flora both delated (shorthand) end own 
•• ■ notes; v 

- provide support to theselee team; 

- deal efficiently with admini str ative routines 

associated with a busy office. 

We have the West office technology hate to help you. 
Jbe salary Is negotiable and Viera are generous fringe 
benefits..- f \ 

Write endoaing CV to Ian Clark, Universal Computers 
United, 23 Paradise Street. London. SE16 4QO; or 
telephone Bernadette Be8 on 01-232 1 1 55. 

•Trade 01-278 9161/5 

^RVto Executive ChairmarT'N 

£ 12 , 000 + City based 

The Williams Lea Group flUi Wd Williams |_68 GrOUD ^onnatton source for 
is ora of Hie largest private 'executives round the group, 

companiesin the printing industry and consists The group has an open management style 

of 8 specklistprinting and, corammucation& . wi&a friendly, informal atmosphere, 

subsidiaries. You wiHprobably be 25 to 35, well educated 

AsPA/Secretuzy to the Executive Chairman of with previous Board level experience and good 

the gKMip you will be responsible for the shorthand/typing speeds, a sense of humour 

management oftiie group office. The position ■ and an outgoing personality, 

includes. organising internal and external Hesse appiy in writing to TonyWflHams, 

fonctfons; taking minutes at Board and General : Chatman, WQliams Lea Group Limited, 

^ Management meetings and being an 238/243 Old Street, London EC1 9LDL j 


PA to Managing Director 

Pirn ts tha national research centre for toe paper, printing. pubSsJv- 
1 tag and packaging industries. Tha Managing Director seeks a PA of 
hk* caton* posatbiy a graduate. 

To succeed « thia post you w*f be nunarata and highly Karate, 

‘ -ablate gtahar and analyse bac kg round ma te ria l to ensure toe MD 
- is Bftoccvcify briefed on al occasions. You wfl orga nis e the neons* 
ary n apawi ff k systems, plan Sms-tables and provide s ecre ta ri a l 
sennas. You muat have good or g ani sa tional and hter-personta 
skBs and welcome heavy work toads. You should be able to Iran* 
scribe iron tape and tborthamt your own PC wfl be provided as 
v wales a part-time secretary 4 * required. 

Sataywif be by negotiation and (he location Is at Leatoertiaail 
Sana CV and re qu es t lor ep p ti cH on tom toe Fay Sharp, Core- 

to £9,500 

Doyoubme a’nose'for d a actfw 
world Over the bsc few yarn, 
high quality 1 brand names Itne 
come -under In creasing threat 
dvnMghoottfwworid —because 
of bra counterfeiting. Alt PA t0‘ 
one of the principal hves dguus 
far a gjofa*! nnniteiisvt. you 
will become totally fenofwd to 

thh intriguing field. Chrtey cf 
dva^ic,abgtca] ‘commornet ae ' 
approach and theabOqr to team 
qrtckfy are esembl quattfcs. 
Fast, accurate typing and good 
shorthand are abo requested. 
Age W+; Please criephoot 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, 
LondonWl "* 
(R&ruohent C^msiham^ •* 

Rapbfly expanding, young and hard working team require two 
fively secretaries tor their attractive offices in SW1 .- 

Hequfees comps*"* nVomtiv to Reads Meretwy-viMt feat accents 
wont otosaV on to UMtopmat re- ahorttwxttyping red for greend aao- 
P*tot . HkrtS duMii. ' 

PUeso wrtiB.Bnctosing HjS CVta' _ 

~n»s tecre tary, — Maqflto Itobte^PlB, 7 Batoouao Waco. Condon 

" Tafc«-738«a7. ' ' • " 

- : c£9^00 

Oor dent, a read butweeattorf tnrecto oooatoanoy bread In Et b bottifl tor 
. toa taporetM Itw* nred you to run the oMce; prevtoa Umpto botak-krepfog. 
VXT. red pawn! baok-up, imt wan Ureas red t»n area eSrefi. red hsapnek 
of Sw Uvre channino tfiracffira wto as frsquaiUy out o( ttn offlea. 

IMrto re unuwri red Ueratong potolon isquMn oonfldanea, indepwidanoaand 
storeoanacn. OoodaUaars aarenato acme WJ*. tomtodpa bpretresd and a 
tomuaga would be paafoLA pa anfl. Plata* rtap 


Qtxie Corkill 

18 EMon Street, London EC2 

Secretaries in 

£8,500 + Banking Benefits 

A leading City bank has vacancies for 
well qualified secretaries with drive and 
ambition. Excellent shorthand/typing 
skills are required as well as the ability to 
work accurately under pressure. 

Excellent prospects for high-calibre 

3b discuss these vacancies further, call 
Lynette Belcher on 01-588 4303. 




. Smal. IrtondK ad agency In West End needs young 
Secretary to.befr] but %i afl aspects of the advertising 
world. &od- typing abifity essentiaL Shorthand, word, 
procewdng and T provious advertising experience pre- 

. . Salary: £7,500+ aa^. . 

' Hours 9.15-5.1 5.-4 weeks hoOdayp-B. - 

' Plaase write endoaing <XV..tK Dee Howard, MaSe- 
aonPufaticHyUcL. 14 Poland Stree t , London, W1V30E. . 

1y oar contract 

, ; 

i: Tl 

■. £12,000 WC1 

IT yotfia raad tomrttog at tha most 
Barter Isval. undarstand ^tiUl 
sffideacy, mahi^r aid poisa areas 
■npoftant as anafleit recrstaral 
skis. yuu'H appreciate that we are 
looting for a very special PA The 
Oninnto sawb a peat deal so tal 
laws you to ion the office, organise 
samfnare, taction* end entrust you 
wtti a gnat deal of Ns wort A Euro- 
pe* language and Wang wp at- 

ari your own ora*. 


Secreta^ required for legal 
adviser of . smaB Co. in 
-Knlgfasbridgci.^ ThtfposHtai 

requires someobe Yrilh 
good shorthand, know- 
ledge of Word Processor, a 
mature attitude to tha woric 
and the ability to- work as 


£ 10 , 000 + 

IiHhpdi butesVesaudired Ngh 
level TBu uttmou are bod) patis- 
takteg tasks. As PA to Pawner ki 
d* small, spedribed team you writ 
e^cy eteaant interne and Imdve- 
ment. Ibur maturity and depend- 
abllcy wfll phy a creori roje, 
hre^e ctont^. .me«top and 
afltoe aocnkt wfeh oqori cofridrebe 
and a p lo mb . Hoc a, jab; for the 
oreniy ambitious, ihfe fc » genuiM 
opportunity to wide In a pleasant 
frlentSyenvtoximret SVYI-taed. 
Good shortfand and cyptog assre- 
tiri. Prefer/ ad age 3Q+. Pltose 

Admin PA 


This is a varied and responsible 
petition, working with a snail 
seam of Qty gadjHai sarvkig 
the nook of the I n ten a tionil 
. freight and shipping conwn u n k y 
. Tbu-wtil kxjlta&to- office admlnb- 
: trarloo, the of stadsdcal 

rhta. dteribution of tofa r mad on 
pads , and diene tkhoo, whilst 
e^oytag towtamenc-In .meeo- 
- ings and Pfi/maricedqg devef- 
opmenc The maturity no 
organise your cvm day is reset* 
tw. - A -dwerfid, outgatog 
approach is also required, as this 
is very much a ‘people-contact 
. Job. Good typing (WP prcwktoA 
and scree shortfand requested 
Age 24+ . Please t elep h on e 
01-493 5787, 

Gordon Yates lid. 

35 Old Bond Street, 

(R e cn il tiTieficGonn i t ang) 



£ 10 , 000 + 

Get off id a flylpg start hi 19B6, and 
tse you- coiridott spoken French 
as wdB Our cBrec b joenfi 
’ dynamic and fell of fun — a 
mp-ranking manager wfehln one of 
die worlds largest banks. A« Ms PA 
you vto hurito tots of telephone 
/ulson (mixh of kin French), 
meeting, appointments, lunches 
etc and ucterty organise hk life. \bu 
will also play an inoa w fctoy 
important admin role. Benefits 
todude snorts/social dub, BUPA. 
subsidised mortage etc. Good 
shorriandftyptog Arlevri educa- 
tion and senior-level experience 
esunttaL A« 23+. Please tele- 
phone 01 -493 5787. - 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, 

(Re ui dt m en t Cororfonts) 

cXI 3,000 

Do you bare Wa motfMDon aeceuar, lo hretik a heavy weikload and run 
ttw olBoa, onre on yo«r own? If so. Wa resto. opacanflst company In EC2, 
vMcb plays etoti roia ki toe Eurobond nttrkat would Bca to meat you. Aa 
wto re nonnai aaoatartti dutea you wti also be msponaUa lor to ihe oNce 
a arefo bHei ion. InOfarifog monthly ecooaan, red you reotod be prapread to 
found maaregi to ottiareopaconw fo ay co mre ma i it wkncowpenyeetoMw. 
Bqforianee In the recurfHN laid, an enaeam phone mannar and tta abOty 
to Wm wofl w«h peopto at to tomia aaaandaL Good foonhand red typing 
aldto, apt renga as-iS. Ptoaaa rirv- 


Crone Corkill 

Ito c ifo teafoConatoreto 

18 Ekion Street, London EC2 


Raquirad by Private Ophthalmic Hospital in 


Knowledge of Arabic Prederable but not essential 
Accommodation provided 

2yr contract salary negotiable. At least two years 

Send c.v. to Miss M. Jones 33 Riyermffl. 151 
Grosvenor Rd. London SW1V 3JN 

Gordon Yates Ltd. ' 
35 Old Bond Street, 
LondonWl ■ ... 

(Rqoidtmehc Gansuitaia^ 

acoosoLSUni B 

rtoftre- mto ■ 



. Jain thto leading firm of PR 
ctmsuftants a* secretary to 
-their deputy chekman. This to 
busy and varied peettton 
, where emphasis Is placed on 
provWng Ml PA support, you 
-wH riso ao)ay conaBenftto 
/.tom contact A stable baek- 
1 ffowd and 100/50 skua 
V needed. 

:* ’ CITY, 240 3551 

> WEST S®, 2403511/3531 



experienced seoatsites 
- leqyfrad wr busy aoq a andl n g ofr 
: -V-tatoChelsre. 

woridrtg eondffiora 
,jr Inti ra m u ra m ion for .the suo- 

, " Tatophnne WitokneflHrire ' 

01-3513131 • 



RnmTT fioa, .SWl, needs ( a 
fist accartfe Aotfio Sod- 
ietaiy (25 pfao) to tun buw,- 
fcut Tnfhfiiiflt wfffari . WiP. 
ejperifcna neefbL 

(Reference RID) 

. (Nq A gencies) 

KUmred Tiy XStfnaaa toi MaMfoB* 
nil .. In, Qf r.MHuiHii«,l' w)MWw1<nii 

troop. TJw.y petition -.'nrvoiTO 
couidatofe . irywniHTk y- to 
and lint daw wjiiWiM ritBr am 
mecaAtfia iniaina e nTS . ' 




The Maneging Director of a 
Wendy, wtotatoMwd firm of 
architects b looking tor a 
ureta atanri Pwaonsl Aaabtant lo 
hands hfa busy Ms red taka 
mspons&lty for anregine and 
minding board masting* together 
with earns general office 
a dminis tration. Your speeds must 
be 110^6+ and ttperience In a 
timflar field would be useM. Non 
smoker. Age; to 50. West End. 


Crone Corkill 

M Itagarita Streat W1 


^fabftiZHS. . 

. of Bond St. 

Recmitmant Coflsuttaflts 
a* 5S.(i**4foit»ftwa!«M 

c. £9,500 

Small friendly buz busy & 
expanding publishing com- 
pany located in West End 
requires competent secretary 
for Chairman & MD. 

Skills required: good Eng l ish, 
100/60 wpm. 

P lent* send fan CV to: 

Fatiy PnbEcatkms Ltd 
49 Old Bond St. 

London W1X3AF 

KfcnMstnecr of founofog, trend 
new offloa auBM b BC2, you wB 
gaat to titoore, use a buay 
Uonarcb mmo a d and hofe wkh 
typfog pDqsn). kfaal tor re m aona 
wtm an o ujalnq natu re and party 
of enthuMam. Horn 
9430. Pkww itog 


Clone CorkiD 

II EMon Street ECa 




more for an 



jay food Co req. a tDp 
Secnfiiy, aged 35-48 max to 
work tor toe dratonoi. 

' Shorthand is Bsst with pnf. a- 
tawNWga rf w^j. Must haw 
wwted at sareontirtctur tewL 
Hr, M.Bd,fitofle benefits. 

TaLILCtAmi 808 2411 




VU tee major Europare dtats 
gt tUs hmow terns as marketing 
! assistant to tie Director. Your 
sldfe already acquircd fn adver- 
tising or rotating wB ba hriy 
oorasat gi ving prasen taoorg . 
i mertterira perormave, as 
i Raising with VIRs. Prise. 
I p a ta te. dmm or ‘As ari 
I jouriSKtidbainusS 


N 629 4343 




;V-Taqufrad for partner to 
, sistBng fttondy firm of 
- ^harterad Acc ou nt an t s near 
Street Safety jooord- 
. • w to axperten oa-vp to 

Tel 01-36395STX213 

(AtaSo) lo wotik on , -own 

Tpttiati ve tor ttUV 

patten ~ of. - expanding 

property- practice m New 

Bond St Safety :ftora 
£9^500 PA +b0JUHca.- 

Bwyaod ■kMitad ton ri'ohvMfd 
■rayon/ntafe Mris aaak Ireiy aid 



ifefe to eannurfefoa ml wkti toa pdb> 
Iol Goad emaUM red recfortl 
red aiwteaei on own ritakre. 

Btl«iun' WfllWl i«i< wwilM 

/ raEWkStScs 



fife at looking tor a 


I am currently seeking mother person 
to loin my privately owed raenfr 
»L Mnkram 2 years' npertaneo Is a 
necessty as is i provai trade record. 
The right parson wH be oonfUer t 
capable, ham a good wise of 
bumov and be abri to woric lard in a 
professional but refextd and ttexSy 
atmosphere. With no targets, earnings 
aretteknfiad. RmgSteSa 


81-734 2567 dsv 
erffl -fiSS 1774 enriag 

tofifr to Bsnareto butiness. We ae 
offertS a gawws package oMask: 
stiay and camraaaM and ceafient 
prospects hr advaaemenL 
Phase confect Been Price In conti- 
nence: evening 01-741 2064. 

Capitol People ! 


W/SeoBlay required by young wry 
busy h te nufluuti axSo-vtsual com- 
paty h W embley. Good typing skfls 

Safety: £7jDOO + te0otttofe. 

Confect Angtia final 

Secretary/P A. 

req u nt tl by OaiinMn and M a n m 'n * 
Director of ii Ut m tioP B l cou&ix&oo 
liwp. Tbe poii ito o SHVontt 
rmwkV-fiWr wp e etik ffi t y in 
c n prii im « bu sy d i BBtoble gal office; 
tw! fits! dm iHIh n 

Piwi w Mdrnrla l amwimji n 
c erntiS L A tln i o fM and patient 
penomlity would he nan wndilc. 
Life t siu r a nc B end coatribaxafy 
pension scheme. Qoesou hafiday 

ArrS a rioiw ice 



TO £14,000 

Exclusive company to Mayfair 

wfoii retaB out ist for knuy 
goods seeks dfeoest and 
soctefly confident PA tor man- 
ager aid chairman. Must be 
Iw con v er sa nt with office and 
business afeataMration. Good 
spoken French needed id deal 
with ctenia. Skis lOOfiO. Ago 

- 22 Seuta Motion St, W1 

6293882 6295680 

PR Ca. ACCOtMT EXEC. Un your 
Irttedhre on new business for this 
young dynamic go. £ tag. 
PRc8.SBmtochakHBn £mr- : 
serior partner Iris of admin. 

Mayharca <*» 

POLmcs Nadoral tousL Sffi/WP 
Op. mhlyr exp. 2nd Jobber teeg. 
Gamw Ruent auto sac. Early 
2 £Ts. MQfeir, superb rtfices 

MOB SR. High fedi US a J«2 




ibub 0 H 09 1319 

^ Senior ^ 
Secretary ^ 

To our Chief Executive & 
Managing Director 

We are a leading offshore engineering company based at 
. Cambridge Circus in London's West End. If you are an 
experienced Senior Secretary, used to a demanding schedule, 
we may well have yournext challenge helping both onrChlef 
Executive and Managing Director: 

Relying largely on your own initiative you will arrange 
diaries, take minutes and produce reports as wen as normal 
secretarial dudes. 

You will need around 5 years’ secretarial experience at 
senior/executive level for (his extremely demanding 
V. position, together with a high level of tact and discretion. 

A We offer a highly competitive salary and benefits 

\\ package and. above all, real job interest. 

V\ Please telephone Christine MacKe nzie on 

\ \ 01-836 8030 or write whhfuQ details to her at 

Ruler Wheeler Rriroleum Development 
fcfif / \\ Limited, 125 Shaftesbury Avenue, 

\Wt \\ London WC2H 8AD. 





£9-10,000 + Banking Benefits 

A major Qty Bank requires bi-lingual 
secretaries with English mother tongue, but 
with fluency in either German or Italian. 
Shorthand speeds of at least lOOwpm in 
English and foreign language required. 

These positions offer an excellent 
opportunity to use your languages In a fast- 
moving international environment 
7b discuss these vacancies further, call 
lynette Belcher on 01-588 4303. 

£13,000 + BONUS - WG2 

HBreyongfo»ieefo N notlvfoloa cB mww niei lMltnct»foconadBncBtohendl>e 
new Mellon of We tttrenwly eucceesU end preeOfpore bitemfotonal towncW 

Yofo raspontibBOeewR taebda Bfoeon with eenlor nwnageinm for praes ralMK 
«. nariMna lor new bueiness. worfdng to doecflim and some telephone efoaa. 
A degree, &/ experience end Ranch preferable. Age28-S2. none rfog- 


Crone Corkill 

RecndboMit Consultants 

99 Regents Street, London W1 


Press & Public 
Relations Office 





An efficient and enthteriastfe Secretary Is needed for this small 
felt busy department As wefl as responsibility for ail the sec- 
retarial and clerical duties, you will be required to handle a wide 
range of telephone enqufrfe& 

CamSdates must have accurate typing, experience of office sys- 
tems and a pleasant telephone manner. They wU be expected to 
operate a word processor and must have speeds of at least 
30wpm typing and 100 wpm rirorthand. An interest la the history 
of art would be an advantage. 

The successful appficant wto be appointed to the grade of special- 
ist typist 

Salary £5,900 to £6,950, plus proficiency payments for higher 

For farther detaBs and an application form (to be returned by 
24th January) telephone or write to Mr W. P. Kenward, National 
GaBery, Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN- Td: 01-839 3321 

An equal opporturi^r fo^doyw. Jtepstered cSsabted peraom may 


£10,000 - MAYFAIR 

To keep one jump ahead on this 
dynamo Director of a small, 
successful property develop- 
ment compey. you'd need to be 
fist thinking, wa» spoken and 
have a good sense of humour. 
As well as foB sec support, you 
wffl be ananghng meetings and 
dad witb e variety of protects. 

'A' levels and skis 100/60. 

Age 24-26. 

World'* Leading 
. International, News, 
Information and 

fjnmmnnirati ntH f/wyny , 

seeks English mother tongue 


ibr senior executive in Peris. 

First class working 
environment within small ray 

fmpinr nunapmwV Mm. 

Good French, other 
languages, shorthand a distinct 
advantage. High Safety. 
CMBMCar 423M4Z9 tor«poiaBMta. 






wanted by Solicitors to rate durpe 

1 i I 



Two experienced secretaries 
required for busy expanding of- 
fice Ira Chelsea. 

Excellent working conditions 
and remuneration for the sue- 

Tainhoce MadeSno Ctarice 

also on page 26 







. Letting & Management 


GRftCmiS LMWa 

tifit spans 3M tor wans fat Ft* 

fasted, 2/3 <w 3 H <* bub, 

hft/bU* n» (* wM, 2 Mo. 
cfenta. rta icCB l mtet bat 
wttr fee. Ut portage; ttffanc, state 

ahra. afe. S 75 prMl- tout 

Mm! p daoocrtatf Mi * m. 9oun 
tackia 2 tm *at fa m arti n 

Mock. 1 Mm. 1 dtan. Ing* Lr 
4 dap«j V btawwpcirtw. 
«ga.Aoiab<enaw.»a panmafc. 

f he Proper! \ A?anaper> 

01 -22 1’ 8858 

^, 01-629 6604 ,^ Bp 

1 . y 4 3 

llif j’ r ; '^_ 


CAMTOOH HILL W l. to bashful 
street. CtoartntaM */c fim flat, i 
lecmL * .«*» * ■*- MOD & 


iI’V.liWA! 1 ; Wj : 

MAYFAIR. twanr9 Md IMlMIUh 

currently seeking nod quality ram 

iecop.lB O an t ra i iftB i ton farwatong 
- mmpany tenants. M84000IT). 

IW8 Light A: aoac. mala. In good order, 
dteor/lounto 3 beds. kft/bfast no. 
hath, wash /dryer, pas cA. ClfiO jlw. 
Oo/ctnb. Lyhann 736 6603. 
AMERICAN bAJKK urgently requires a 
selection of X -4- bedroom properties In 


SADGASTE1N. Beware of Amanda 
Watson on this h« 1 8th birthday. 


BAf*LEY Suddenly on 6 January. 1986 
In ■ b 91*1 year. Flank Mm beloved 
him. ind of the late Florence, much 
loved father of Jean and Sheffla and 
orandf.rttvr of Neville. Susan. 
Robert. Oavld and Elaine. 

BROAOBEYT — At Berwick Infirmary 
December 23rd. In her 93rd y 
youngest daughter 

a 1 * - **! - 

SPAIN. £88 RETURN. January nth. 
Gatwkk San Javier 120 nuns from 
La Manga Club. 1 hour 20 rains from 
Alicante 7.14 day return OMid 
Book now. 01-691 3278. Peter 

Stuyvesant Travel. 

TENERIFE. Jan/Feb Ind hob. 
ExreOeni hotel, from £172 p wk. 
Superb beach and from £30 pp a wk. 
Fliohls fl-am £96 ind. 01-947 1989. 

reau. One mil keeps the air fare 
smalL 01-636 6000 or Manchester 
(06 1J 839 9000. 

BRITTANY, Dordogne collage* 6 
farmhouses, dose sea. sleep 3/ IS. 
Bretagne Holiday* I022S) 
337477/ 33S76I. 

FLY FR £48 MALAGA. Albania. 
Canaries. Germany. Portugal, luily. 
switz.. Spain. Morocco t car hire. 
Sunwhed OI -434 4320. 

America.. Mid and Far East- S Africa. 
Trait-ale. “8 Margaret StreoL Wl. 
01-580 9998 (Vba accepted). 

SAVE £a £a Ca Ca. Australia /NZ. 
USA. Canada. Fur Earn. Africa 6 
Worldwide. 01-570 6177. Pound 
Saver Travel. 

Caribbean. Africa. Far CasL India. 
Australia. ClObecmsC 01-7Z7 
2162/2912 ABTA. 

FLIGHTS Greece. Algannr. Canaries. 
Spam. Germany. Italy. Swuwrtand. 
2 bus. 014MM47.AT0L ATTO. 
PUY ST VINCENT (French Alps) from 
£59 Ind acctxu. Cottle Snowaports 

summer. Brochure: 01-891 6469. 
ATOL 9047. 

MILAM £77. Pba £103. Rome £88. 

OAO Tnvrl Ol -629 2677. 

TURKEY. Flights a hotldaa-*. For 
colour brochure, call SleepwasL Ol- 
6292879. ATOL 1898. 

GREECE- Southern Pdoponesoe. Nr 
Monemvasia. vill a by sea. dM 8-10. 
£180 pw. Fenton 07238 5616. 
ALGARVE, Tenerife" Apts, hoi eta, 
flights, winter sun Rom £89. 
Ventura Holidays. 061 834 6033- 


discount fares. O-T.C 01-602 3236. 

CHEAP FARES worldwide Pan 
Express. Ol 439 2944. 

DISCOUNTS 1st /economy. Try 
last FilgMbOOkm. 01-397 9100- 


Massive stores of wool blended 
Berbers, from £5.98 so yd ■* VAT t 
many bargains (n room stees In all 


584 Fulham Rd, 
Parsons Green. SW6 
Tet 01-736 7551 
Free esttmate - expert flntng 

mahogany. lO s eaf brass Inlaid 
tabto. lO carved chairs i2 carvers. S 
chairs green draloiQ. marching server 
and sideboard. £3.600. BOver Naiad 

tea service neg. (07093 547702. 

Accommodatfon most areas. 36 Kings 
Rd. SW3. 684 8012- 

W2. 2 room maws home. £6O£80 pw 
cod. N/S Prof persons prefored- 01- 
229 8441. 

ST JOHNS WOOD Lge room soB 1-2 
girls. ClOOpw. in now conv. 2 bod 
tux floL 628 6064 ova*. 

CLERKEHWELL. EC1. O/r in hat Geo 
Her with r other; £65 pw tod ch. 
w/m maid. gdn. 251 5806. 

KINGS ROAD. Prof person 26/35. 
share contf Had: £66 pw. 361 0308 

BARNSBURY Ml. Prof raid 90*a M/F 
to share suaerb QaL £140 pan esc. 
Td 01-609 3256 after 7pm. 

NWX f. n/s. to s MW O a t o/r £167.60 
p.cjn.. excL. 01-794 4967 after 6 JO 

WOODFOHD GREEN. Prof person. 
244. non smoker, own room. £40 
pw. 505 9632 

WS. 2 FT sb rm. lux QaL £160 end 
pern each. 2 rains tube. Tel: 404 3008 or 936 0043 ores. 

SWI. Prof f. 246. wanted tor o/r in 
house. £1 IT pan feSRO. 01-388 6664 

SW11. M or F. 284. n/s to share 
mixed house, o/r £180 tod (rad 
phone). 01 -223 0807 owns. 

nr Tuba tor prof girt, £38 p-w. rad. 
386 8408 evens. 

IW3. Stogie person tar'dbla rm In 
■hand tux hoe. £66 pw. Easel after 
6PSO. 382 9194. 

BW17. Prof m/f to share Iwc lUNtae. 1 
other. aB mod coos. £60 pw. 767 

PUTNEY HELL SWTS Prof, m_ 23+ sir. 
tux Oat o, r n/a £48 p.w. 788-0079 
(after 6pm) 236-2006 (day). 

CHOREA Prof. f.. 26+ o/r. non 
smoker. £160 p.CJn. easel. TeL Ol- 




0438 729145 

Austria. Jan 
Geneva fits. £39 
SKI FLIGHTS dafly toGpogva. ZtoMi. 
Munich etc. from £69. SKI WEST. 

V„> >7.U 

HEMETEAU - first 325. 1988 un-used 
Utacea narrsdiatse sale 5.000 extras. 
£32.500. TeL (073081) *583. . 


Tenter puppies. Kennel Clnb regfa- 
termL FuBy Irmocutated. 12 wka ad. 
-Undocked Mila**. £175. Tel 262 
7863- 1 

Germany. Must like cooktop. tmmr-dl- 
ale start. Telephone Hetomalen 
Emnfoyment Agency 01-874 4161. 


. prarWcady -ednded . young people 
required to work in - 1986 on 
European campollts as rrpresenta- 
ttvas tor tho UK’s ‘"- l, nq 
and caravarmlna company. Full or- 
half . mastm- AppHcalkms from 
emrpte*. or from ca uvulLipde 

man March/Apcll parUcotorty 

wdoome. Knowledge Of oaa tnuior 
Europcan lan g ua g e usually required. 
For appOcaioa forms please write to: 
Couriers. Dept Tt Eurocamp Travel 
Ltd. Edmondson Hoose. Tannn 
Street. KnutafonL Cheshire WA16 


... mww vw ff . — t , 

■ ... . ,.-7. i 


i... tv - v, --\r 


Otoyt >>mp<r On Ewi Mtadurt 
Luxivy V3u. al with private pool & 
own grounds. &ckatvo Lo ca t ions . 
'88 colour brochurp. Early booking 

MUAS- Costa del Sol 
VALE do LOBO - Algarve 
IBIZA - Beioartcs 
22 Blertwkn Terr, London, NWB 
Tet 01 -624 8829/23 
(01-958 5208 Sun 8 Bark Hota) 


unsB HM bm ral atotao InUtyt 
bitoRMBn, Ptovnce, Lxngjcdoc, 
ApBaar. BrEfanr tod Numdy pkn 
nouing tan tadutiag INn Wby 
art Dordogne. 

Nr Rtow 6 Brtttsb torn bm 



£7^ Og+BanoffiK 

Junior Secretary in a friendly 
international bank 

il l ' » V i ' f A f 1 J- ■ ' 1 ^ 

Macmillan fund 

ha tow m IUBOMI SOI, a taw hw 






PLEASE tend 2 cheque, ash or EO. 
NOW. or give by Crtditard, covenant 

Cancer Belief Macmillan Fund. 
800 m M. 30 Dorsrt Squire. London 
HW1 6QL TfcL 01-402 S125. 


The sedich 12 oret One call 10 

house lor chattered Bigtns to Spain 
and c«ha popiin Dssoiic. givee you 
Inatant bookings. Instant coohoniatian 
f?i ivr 1 C.V £t (hes*' Jestmxts 


01-878 9141 





01-229 2474 



LXsj’t be fcx>led. Many sak prices are hi g her - 
than our normal prices. Bccause at Oriental Carpets 
all our prices are low. And now our Sak is on,, prices 
are even lower. For example: Afghan Belouch - £12; 
Afghan Bekmch (5' x 3') - £65; Turkish rugs (5' x 
3*) - £70; Chinese Super-wash (5' x3') - £199. 

Visit our stores now ax 10 Golden Square, 
Piccadilly, London (tel 01-439 90705; Maple 
and Co., Bristol; Waring and Gidow, 
Nottingham and Harrison and Gibson, 
High Road, Ilford (our new store). 





The Oriental Carpet Centres 9 

there's nowhere else Ukexhem. 



I •.< >] i Mi >M ( AKl’l J V. 

Come and choosea beautiful bargain 
from our vase collection of Persian 
. and Oriental, old and new carpets. 

Open all week! 


naqutm d far y oung, busy Nfaation 
wStore! 11 *■ W “ B 6,0 ol 
Ago 25 + , with axooHant McrMatlrt 

■tto to work on own Mttrtbg am 
infer preaawb. 

jnra^runood nlary and pondhfans 

■anjoneroa. - 

A U CVshouid bo sent to 
Mr . B. w. Dawson at 
Undgnrood a Co_, 40 Walbadr 
ar*rt. LonOoa W1M 8LN. by 
Tugaday 14 January. 


PW|*rty Dovaiotrers basad hr SWI 

and WP akRs.-PraMoo8 tomarfwica 
mpAnxL Around Siojxn. 

Mwtaa rapfy «0h CV and datafts <0 
Box No 2342 W Tba TIuhcl 



OH 01-499 8254 

- fftaAgaiciatj 


£5.500+ Bonus ud Trse 

Prospects to move out of 
secretarial witfi .-tWs sritil 
American company. French 
would be useful. 

For these, and other College 
leaver postfioos ring. Vj 

cmr office - 

Monday^ -Saturday I0am-6pm. 

Sunday llani— Spin, . 

Credit curda.wek.vmc- 
47-4S PkxadiikLuniiti.M'L 
W;0J-7347J4f. • 


An attractive efficbtt secretaiy is 
nsqured for shjJot eracutfws of 
ow TO consuttancy. hstsed In 
Wl. Good typs^ and orpanjsa- 
tional skills and an odQnng! 
t»raonaBty«sentiaL . : 

Please cutest VWa CadMr 


Property y 


V&ARecnfltnrtait - 
9488277 . ' 

- TKiiiT 






Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

^ ' 

: K*.? 155 

■ 8BC 1 

Werirar 81555,745,7.56, 
855 and 555; regional news, 
weather qad travel at 6J7* ■ 
747, 7.67 and 847; national 
and international raws at 740, 
740, 840, 840 and 500; sport 
•at 740 and 120; a ravlew of 
the -morning newspapers at. ' 
537. Pius, Brown's 
teenage report Gfyrw . • 
Christian with a rocipa; and 
Richard Smffti's 'phone-in 
medical surgery. ;' 

Ceefax. 1040 Playschool IrL 
llWOCwfax. ; 

N*ws After Noon with Richard 
: Whitmore pnd Moire Stuart, . 
includes nawaheadgnes with' 
'subtttlet 1246 Regional . 
f»ws. Tha weather details 
come front B«ratos. '• *- 
Pettto MB atom presented 
by Josephine Buchan from the 
theislando in ih* company of 
writer Robin Page- 145 Hofcey 
Cokey, presented by Carol . 
CM and Don Spencer (r). 

240 Ceefax. 552 Regional - . 

T.T.V^Tea Ttofe TetavWonfbr 




4.15 Jaofcanory. Roc Maya 11 

& reads the fourth part ofRoaid 

• Dahl's tale. George's 

- Marvellous Medicine. 440 

N UiynM 31. Animated science 

», t fiction series. 

4.55 John Craven's NewerooncL :~ 
< 505 Hue Peter. The guest 

today is Arnold Strang who 
.has been the voicsot the 
cartoon character. Boss Cat , 
s tor tha past 25 years (Ceefpx). 

1: 545 First Oesa, A video qtez for . 

■ schools, introduced by Debbie 
> Greenwood. 

r> 640 News with Sue Lawley and 
i* ' Nicholas WrtchelL Weather. . . 

^ 5.35 London Phis. . ’ 

• 7.0Q Top oftho Pops. Introduced by 
V> - Mike Smith and Steve Wright 

£-1 740 UstEndors. Angle decides to 
- own up to taking Deri's car to 
£'„■ . goto toe darts mulch while 

l\ : Natoa finds help with her cash 
'i. and cairy shopplng-from an 

^ unexpected source (Ceefax). ‘ 

h", 840 Tomorrow 1 # World. Pater 
Macarm reports from anew 
sparasimdator in Toronto; 

4 3 Judith Hsm testa a car wheel 

changing devics that could be 
aboontothoonmoohanioai; - 
are! Joins itowardStebieford In 
-■ an investigation into toe . 
i ' ‘ harmful effects of visual ‘ 

‘ >. display unite. There are abo .* 

*. itemsonanaldtohetodsaf 

■ t ‘ people enjoy televlsionrand an 
V . almost stent concrete crusher. 

‘ 8.30 A Qutatfoii of Sport Bill . 

=7,' Beaumont and Emfyn Hughes 

"*? are Joined by John Barnes. 

• J ' Fatima Whitbread. Grahaip- 

Gooch and Cflff Thorbum. 

>:* DsridCofemanathe 

questjonmastef (Ceefax). , ■ . 

; 940 Nows with Jufla SomervfBe . 

and JohfrHumphfys. Weather. 

$ s 940- The that of ai-:-" - 
7.Y • new series starring Rowan - 

Atidnsonpaafimaid : * . ;v 
-- - BtoCkadtier, appointed by . 

-« Good Qbeen Bess 

Mcfohwy endTanjrScfctnson 
.... as his BldB^ddkslJJrdftercy . 

- ' andpaWriofc.r ^> v '. - 

■ “.1:10.00 Question Tims. CkiSfr^obto 
Day's panel tonlgW, Wei 200th 
• s edition, are Dawiddunkatt. . 

' r.‘ Antonia Fraserand MPa David 


- ^ril.00 Great CxpeAnainls.fWesaar 

‘ ” . Hskw Wolff presents the first . 

..:i*xeac of six ftma about turning ■ 

.. % points to science. Tonight's 

- -- film Js &wgy for Safe (r). 

-j.1145 Maostro-Frank Keating talks 

. .. togolfer.TonyJacWtoBthls;: 

.-'"7 Jereey home about the 

. glorious 12 morfiftssome 15 

■ ftTC - -f s years ago wfien Jackfin won 
both &w British and United 
'• '...’-5 'States Open titles (r). 

240 Weather. 


tflHws*# 1 **** •: 
8cfwo(s:Howelattar *• 
reaches its deattaatjon. 9,52^ 

of Bw Tortotea’* r 
af:M* Tacking '• 


B i ‘ Vt wm 


. #Jf you aflow yourself to think 

. about it wtoich 4 htfUy unfikaiy 
because you will probaWy be too 
busy laughing-, YES, PRIME 
MINISTER (BBC 2. 9 SXtpm) Is as 

new: to b^ng black comedy as • 
Antony Jay's and Jonathan Lynn's 
incomparable pofiticai skatchss 
have ever got Whfle Jim Hackar 
nation's administrative affairs. Ns 

CHOICE - ::: 3 k 

aver.know, would we", says tits 
nation's top general. You wHl have 

... on BBC 1,9.30pm 

of serfousthrapttitet required tbs 
troops to be called out Now tiiathe 
is to No 10, with acee8sto the . 
nucfear^Go" button. Ns 
nlncompoopery is as raghtrrtertsh as 
"Supposing i went off my rockerT, 
he enquires of Sir Humphrey, now 
elevated to Cabinet Secretly-"! . 
think the GaWnetmlQht noti c e," . ' 
purrs the reply. "Suppose i changed 
my mind? (after pressing the 
button). *0ti well, nosme would 


idiocy that has been a spectality of 
this comedy series when they were 
Whttehal-based has not been 
weakened by their transfer to 
Downing Street Indeed, there is a 
short sharp exchange between 
Hacker ana Sir Humphrey on 
nuclear de te rr e nce in tonight's story 
that is as brWantly written and 
performed as anything lean 
remember In any past episode. 

• Julia MeUren'sfHm about test- 
tube tables, THE GIFT OF LIFE 
(BBC2, 9.30pm) tetoo busy with the 
mechanics of the technique to worry 
Its head about the etitice. The 
cdupies in the film see IVF as the 
only way out of their infertility, and 
that is the beginning and end of it so 


tar as this romaricable 40 Mfnutss 
{actually 45, for this week only) 
documentary is c o n c ern e d, me 
high faBure rate oves added drama 
to the sequence in which a hopeful 
wife, watching a TV monitor from 
her bed, watches the collection of 
her unfertilized eggs. The fflm is es 
uncompromising^ detailed as that 
• RacSo highlights: Radio 4’s 
documentary and phone-in about 
burglary, BREAK-IN (740pm) is SO 
aH-embractog that It even includes 
burglars explaining why they do 
it .Two Sibelius favourites in 
tonight's Radio 3 concert by the 
BBC Scottish SO, the Symphony No 
1 and, of course. Finlandia 
(7.55pm). . .lain Johnstone's profile 
of Orson Welles to STAR SOUND 
EXTRA (Radio 2. 10.3Dpm)lsw8il 
timed. BBC TVs season of Wallas 
movies ended only a week or so 

Peter Davalle 

Radio 3 . 

645 Weather. 740 News. 

745 Morning Concert: Gibbons's 
Pavan and GaEard (Christopher 
HogwoocL harpsichord); Handel's 
basat music U pastor Mo (Engfisti 
Baroque Sotofetrt Vaughan 
WDBems'a Enatah FoikSong 
State (Boston Pops); Bruch's 
Concerto far vtola, clarinet and - 
orchestra (140 whh krai, viola 
and rang, ctarinse: Graingers 
Shephard's Key (ECO) .t 840 

SOS Concert (ctxitd): Berfoz'a 
overture fangLacr(LSO); 
Mendelssohn's Fantasia in F 
sharp minor (Lyde Artymlw, 
ptanok Mozarf s Oboe Concerto 
■ In C,K 314 (Heinz HoNgar with 
Amstffdam CtewertgaDouw).t 
940 News. 

945 THs Week's Composer 

St r avi n sky . Symphorfies of Wind 
Instrument* (Nash Ensemble}; 

1 Swigs (Dt 

soprano and Ljubimov, piano); 
tha ballet Rite of Spring 
(Ctwatend Orchestra)" 

1040 Mozart I Mu&id play the 
Symphony No 13; and the 
Serenade in G (Etoe Klatoe 

1045 FwSi^metMuMC: David 
Harman, with John York (piano). 
Jean-Jean's Scherzo brmma; 
Gauben's Fantatofe; Saint- 
Saens's Sonata. Op 1 B7.t 

11.10 Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra 
(under Komman). Part one. 
Bach's Suite No 4 in D.BWV 
1069; and Suita No t in C. BWV 


1145 Six Conttoanta: Foreign radio 
broadcatos, momtored by the 

12.15 Concert pert two. Bach's Suite 
No 2 In B minor, BWV 1067; and 
Suita No 3 in D. BWV 106B.t 140 

145 Birmingham Lunchtime Concert 
Margaret Field (soprano), Richard 
Waigal (oboe). Rum Gerald 
(piano). Pureera Bathe virtues; 
Vaughan Williams's Three Blake 
songs; Mateo tm Wffifannon’s 
Cewontfon of Divkia Lova.t 

240 Vienna MuaMcvarel n Quanta 
performance of Baethovan's 
Ctoartet In F major, Op 59 No 1 -t 

2L45 Haydn: Mass in Time of Wkr. 
Academy of St Martovjn-the- 

Fiaids. under Guast/Choir of St 
John's CoBega, Cambrid ge / 
softXsts Canteio, Watts. Tsar and 
Barry McOanieLT 

340 Youth Orchestras of the World: 
Seoul National University 
Chamber Orchestra with Y un- 
Jung Cho (piano). Grieg's 
Hoiberg Suita; VrvakH's Concerto 
in B minor or four vfcXIns and 
orchestra; Mozart's Cancan 
Rondo in D tor piano and 
orchestra. KS&Bgar's 
Serenade for Strings: Bioeh's 
Concerto Grosso No it 445 

540 Mainly tor Pleasure: recorded 
music s ele ct io n , presented by 
. Andrew Keenar.f 

540 Bandstand: Manger MustkMeg 
play Rautavaara' a A RequtamV 
our Time; and Stotthoim’s Koral 

740 Scottish SO in SdrGrn (under 
Maksymluk). With Mlohul 
Thontoson (horn). Part one. 
LutouawskTs Mueiqua funAbre; 
Mozarts Horn Concerto No 2: 
Rondo in E flat K 371 .for horn 
and orchestral 

7^40 AWinfbrtheVWomemStruan 
Rodger reads Knut Hamewi'e 
story. 745 Concert part 2. 

.940 Ceefax. 7 
945 Deytfme on Tww Maths - 
. iai5 Science: stretch, weigh 
enct bounce. TD45 Properties-, 
of crystal 1 100 How hfils and 
vaBeyssre shownpnmapa. . 
.1144 Adding to secondary 
school 9fa. 1145 Dlptomslevai 
* stutfes. 1245 Lesson 1 1 of an 
ttsSancbnveriation course: 
1240 Partoneofanelght 

programme German language 
- ■coura* for tourists. 1245 

GCSEiExpdrlwntal Scfence. 

■ -14ttGDritrttetingprovmcWtfe 

- In Sienna, reiTK>to vfflages of . 
^fficata. and MDan dtn Mb. 

. . . ,145 The turtxrtent past of the . 
Scottish Borders. 240 For 
four-and-fhta year oida. 2.15 • 

- Music rhythm and beat 2^0 
Modem history: the Bertin 
blockade and the Korean War. 

340 Ceefax. 

440 World Darts. Tony Gubba 

- ' Bellamy goes in search of tha 
" world's most threatened 

- aromalejndptenti.A/lO 

- ■; Danger- MtorimiadoaLWtefc. 

Adventures of the naughtiest 
;.T. the world (I) (Oracle). 

540 Mae the Jester: Cartoon. . 
5.15 ‘nianies^witpmsentedby 
Brian Moore. Kevin Keegan 
... introduces his 20 J 'KeegwTs 
■ Kids’’ chosen tetfake part in « 
.... football ooachlng course run. . 

- by tha former England 

' footbaSer. His guests are Ray 

- Clemence and George Best 
; Plus. Mika GatttogteScirto 

about the proposed Engand: 

: orickettov of tire West todies; 
and WCTWorid Doubles 

■ tennfractiori. 

545 News wfBi.Martyn Lewis. 5.00 

ThffflMftllAML' * 

525 HalpIViv Taylor Qee with , 
nawsofahydrocephalus . 

■■ support grauiL 
535 Xresaroads. Adam *nd jl 

- ^lifter about their future. - 
746 Emmendaie Fans. Harry : - 

. .Mowtem’s stock is In danger. . 
740 Knight JBdar.Mcfuel and hie 
; iricradbie'car go tothe aid of a 
group of North American . . 

. ' .todianswhase lend is being 
threatened by ol prospectors. ' 
530 ifindec-WVesdeoSutte. 

■ Arthur is maWng a nice Mng 

from supplying the Havan 
.Lodge Hotel and is evan more 
' delighted when the' 

manageress Introduces Wm to 
the local Rotary Club who ask . 
him to address their next 
meeting (r) (Oracle). ' 

940 TV Eye: Using to 105 Why are 

cemenarien stage? 

• V progra mm e inchidas - 

interviews with centenarians 
■ " arafthe resiilts of a national , 
.. survey of 100 contemporaries. 
1040 Nearest Ten.- . 

1040 Snooker. Tha first semifinal of 
the Mercantile Credjt Classic. 
12.15 tflght Thoughts. 

•. .• Championship. . 

540 TheRrqrfe tostitutfon 
- Chosl msa L ec t u re s, Tha 
. fourth to the series of tix given 

by Professor David Pye on the 
subject of communicating. 

500 Star Trek. Captain Kirk's 
... reunion with ah old friend oa 
' the planet Neural takes a 
‘ sinister turn when a 
warmongering group of 
KBngona ^detected. Should 
. Kbk disobey the poticy of non- 
interference or should he 
break tife ruliisand help Ms 

threatened friend and the test 
ol Ws people? (rj. 

' 845 Discovering Antaiafs. In this 
first of a new series Tony 
Soper hand-feeds one of the 
rarest of Britaki's mammals - . 
the jaina marten. Also in this 
... programme are badgers. 

7.15 nmrllwTWef of Begdad. 

'• (1940) starring Sabu, Conrad - 
Veldt and June Dupres. An 
Arabian Nights story about the 

• . . wrongfufiy imprisoned King of ' 

Bagdad who escapes to Basra 
. .with the help of a resourceful 
young thief.. Directed by 
MicfutefPOweO, Ludwig 

. . .. Berger and Thn Whelan. 

940 Yeaj Prime MMatac. A new " 

- : -series ot tha peeriess comedy 

• . begtos with Jim Hadcar flnniy 

ensconced at Number Ten but 

- iess firmly in control of his 

- government's defence poBcy 
. (Ceefax) (see Choice). 

• 940 40 Minutes: The Gift of Life. A 

documentary, made by Julia 
. ' McLaren over a period of 
months at London's 
Hammersmith Hospital, 

/ . foitowtog seven couples 

V hoping to become parents by 
the In VKro Fartffization 
. method (sea Choice). 

.10.16 World Darts. Thefirst 

qoarterfinal of tiw Embassy 

; ? y - World Professional J3arts - 
\-V. • Championship. Faflowed by 
King stey Amis raaefing PWSp 
• Lartdn’s Vers de Societe. 

1550 Newsrtight 1145 Weather. 

1140 Werid Parts. Highlights of the 
second quarterfinal of the 
Embassy World Professional 
• Championship. Ends at 1515 

240 Snooker. The first semifinal of 
. the Mercantte Credit Classic, 

440 Countdown. Yesterday’s 
. ' ■ wirmerTs ehaliengad be David 
■Weller from Leamington Spa. 

540 Tennis: The WCTWorid 

Doubles Championship. The. 

• commentators at London's 

■ Royal Albert Hafl are GJmon 
Read and David Uoyri. 

530 From the Inside -The Unions. 
Tbe first of a new serial shot 
entirely on location on ‘ 
Tyneside with the assistance 
of the-TUC and unions. . 
showing how trade unions 
work at grassroots level. Thfe ■ 
•' averting's programme, Pimch 
and Judy, features George 
ABson and George Partridge,, 
two Tyneside bus workers and 

■ union officers, campaigning to 
retain tire Tyneside integrated 
transport system threatened 
by the 1 985 Transport BUL 

1 7.00 Channel Four news with ■ 
Trevor McDonald and AJastelr 

740 Comment from student JucBth 
Monaghan, chairman of the 
United Nations Youth-CourtcU. 

500 Opinions: MUmfe Britannia. 

• The first of a new series in 

• which six contemporary 

' Britons give their views of 
aspects of British society end 
thetrblueprints for national 
regeneration. To launch till, 
series. Norman Stone, 
Professor of Modem History r 
at Oxford University, offers a 
new analysis of “The British 
Dfsease". .. 

840 Treasure Hunt Val and Bra 
Harrison from Sbifiu& guide ' 
Anneka Rice through the 
Oxfordshire countryside in 
search ol hidden treasure. 

940 F3m on Ftnr Taka 2: First 
Love --Sharma and Beyond - 
(1984) starring Michael 
Maloney, Suzanne Burden and 
Robert Urquhart Stephan, an 
Engflsh teacher, is obsessed 
with science fiction, espedafiy 
with that written by Evan 
v - Qoriay Peters. Whga taking tea 
n students round the writer's - 
'■ country house, Stephen meets, 
r* • .thfl authorisidaughter. 

, V Natasha. Directed By Brian 
GBbertlr).. & 

1140 Starting Out The firstof a 
series of eight flm eframas sat 
•< in and around an inner city 

youth dub. Escapes, by 
Grazyna Monvid, concerns 
Derek, the younger brother of 
the youth dub secretary, who 
is abused by his parents and 
takes solace in glue sniffing. 
Stoning Yotande Palfrey and 
• ffichotas Bond Owen. The fHm 
was shown onTTV Schools 
programmes this morning with 
the intention of offering young 
people the opportunity to 
discues the predcament 
Directed by Geoff Husson. .. 

1145 My Brothers Keeper. A 

documentary about the work 

of Campion House, ahome 
run by Roman Catholics for . 
severely mentaly handicapped 
children. (Previously shown In 
the Thames area.) Ends 1246. 

ri‘ i ' ^ l 1 * J i 

iihi i 


ivrxm , 7 

Spy wrift Lan Dalghton end 

445 KeWdwcope. Arts mwazlne 
presemad 6 / Natefie Wneen (last 
nWjrs edition, revised). 

5. DO PM: News MaOTztne.540 
Shipping. sifiWnther. 

500 News; Firtamiil Report 

540 My Word Panel gams with Hys 
Rowe# and Ftenk Muir 
ehaBsnging Antonia Fraser and 
Denis Norden (rt 

7.00 News. 

7.D5 The Archers. 

740 Any Anawen? A chance tor 
Datanera to air their views on 
some of the subjects raised in 
last week's Any Questions? 

7,40 Break-lrv One m every -*0 
householders a year a now a 
victim of burglary. Chris Serie 
inve s tigates some of the causes, 
and effects, of this crime wave. 
Followed by a phone-in when 
listeners mi be able to put their 
questions to Stpertotandent 
PhSp Veater and Helen Reeves, 
Director of the Netional 
Association of Victims Support 

- 940 Doss He Take Sugar? presented 
by John Milts. 

530 Barry Fantoti Asks. . . A look at 
Chinese horoscopes. 

9.45 KsiekkteOOpe inctodss comment 
on El HakinretL at the Almeida; 
and .the film Fire Festival at the 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: Vice Versa by 
F. Anstey (SL Reader David 
Oavis. 10-29 Weather. 

1040 The World Tonight 

11.15 Tbe Financial World Tonight 

1140 BudielghSaherton's War. Joyce 

Dennys describes wartime Ilf# in 
a small seaside town (rt- 

12.00 News; Waather. 1243 Shipping 

VHF (avail able in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
545-&40am Weather; Travel 
50S-1045 For Schools: 9.05 
Noticeboard. 510 A Sendee for 
Schools. 530 Secondary English 
11-15 940 first Steps in Drama. 
1510 Playtime. 1525 Country 
Dancing Stage 1. 1140-1240 For 
Schools: 1140 Noticeboard. 
1145 In the News. 1140 
Wavelength. 145-340pm For 

- Schools: 145 Listening Corner. 
24S The Song Tree. 240 Living 
Language. 240 Newscast 54u- 
545 PM (continued). 1240- 
1.10am Schools Nighttime 
Broadcast! ro: Secondary English 
1 4-1 8 Archive Resources. 

Radio 1 

News on the half hour from 640am until 
940pm and at i&nklnighL 
6-00am Adrian John. 740 Mike Read. 
940 Simon Bates. 1240pm Newsbest 
(Steve Armatt). S46 Bruno 8rookss. 
740 Janice Long. 940 John Witters 
reviews the week's music press. 1040- 
1240 Andy Karahaw.t 


FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m: 1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHzT330m; Rerfio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-924; Radio 5 
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Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

Bari WALES: 545pm-500 Wiles 
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HTV WEST As London except 
HIV WWI iJ20pm-140 News. 

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t Ststeo. ★ S tack and white (r) Repeat 



Banks sought for 
Channel link 

By Michael Baiiv, Transport Editor 
Attemps are bein£ made to rindle wrote In Travel Trade 


kk ’ A ' k ' j ck 

involve more British and Gazette. 

French banks in Channel In spite of talks of possible 
Expressway's £2.5 million twin- mergers between the rivals, each 
road and twin-rail tunnel maintained a sturdily indepen- 
scheme in the run-up to an dent stance yesterday and still 
Anglo-French decision on the expected a specific scheme to be 
project in ten days time. chosen. 

The scheme apparently re- Mr James Sherwood, chair- 
mains the British Government’s man of Channel Expressway, 
first choice but it is backed by said he had invited Sir Nigel 
no British banks and only the Broackes. chairman of Euro- 
re la lively small Credit du Nord route, to join up with his 

in France. 

scheme, but had received no 

The rival C hann el Tunnel response. 

Group has powerful backing 

Nicholas Henderson, 

from NatWest and Midland, chairman of the confident 
Credit Lyonnais, Banque Nano- £$““1 Tunnel Group said- 

dc Paris’ and Banque *“ We «« no ? in discussion with. 

Indosuez. Euroroute is backed any of the rival bidders. We are 
bv Barclavs, Pariibas. and not ^interested u .joining forces 
Socicic Generate. of . ^5“- v Wc “» 

With the field still wide open *£Z*L ,gttj£L 
between the three main con- *? solunonto a 

between the three main con- PR » solution to a 

tenders. Mrs Margaret Thatcher 

is said to be as ftimly for die foreseeable future. 

committed as ever to a drive - 3?ir n l£S cJj“ 

through scheme which means 

EuroRoute or Channel Express- ££*& 

wav, despite accusations Cum *9 r 

Tory back-bencher Mr Robert transport. St ^« P f JOn -n 
McCrindlc vesterdav that she ^ ^ . of . s*® 1 * 11/111 

would “funk it" and go for the ““““ 1 *« 

“second-best" CTG twin-rail ?P January -0 and I think it will 
chunip be ours. 

" _. . . . - The decision would not 

Tb alclier took depend on “all this stuff going 
“timid opuon to ple^c the on j Q background, but on 
French she would race a the | nleresls 0 f public”, Mr 

• j 

Eager players in the-annual Knightsbridge Farce grabbing the limelight in the China department yesterday {Pho tograph; Suresfa Karadia). 

Conservative revolt. Mr McC- Sherwood said. 

Britain set to resume full 
relations with Nigeria 

Continued from page 1 
Babangida. which seized power 
in a bloodless coup in August, 
Sir Geoffrey and Prof Akinyemi 
agreed to hold regular meetings 
to discuss international and 
regional issues. It is the first 
time that such a series of 
meetings has been agreed with 
an African government. 

Britain has been prepared to 
resume normal ties with Nigeria 
for several months, inspite of 
unresolved differences between 
the two countries. Nigeria has 
been dragging its feet, largely 
because of what it perceived as 
a lack of sympathy in Loudon 
towards its economic problems. 

Prof .Akinyemi said it was 
clear as a result of his talks that 
Sritain was anxious to help 

Nigeria again and to play an 
active part in its economic 

Significantly. Prof Akinyemi 
did not raise the question of 
Nigeria's request for the extra- 
dition of Mr Umaru Dikko, the 
former Nigerian Transport 
Minister, from Britain. 

Joined twins die 

Houston (AP) - Ten-day-old 
Siamese twin girls, joined from 
the breastbone to the umbilical 
cord and sharing a liver, died 
during surgery to separate them 
at Texas Children’s Hospital. 
They were seven weeks prema- 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Margaret attends the 
’jnemiere of ihr film Chorus Line at 
«hc Ocfcon Theatre, Leicester 
Square, 8. 

Exhibitions in progress 

Tolly Cobbold Eastern Arts: 
contemporary art selected from an 
open competition: Laing Art 
Gallery, High am Place, Newcastle 
upon Tyne; Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30, 
Sat 10 to 4.30, Sun 2.30 to 5.30 
(ends Jan 12). 

Contrasts; textiles and ceramics 
by West Midlands makers: Stafford 
Art Gallery. The Green; Tues to Fri 
10 to 5. Sat 10 to 4 (ends Jan II). 

Patrick Procktor prints; 
Southampton Art Gallery. Civic 
Centre; Tues to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 10 to 
4 (ends Jan 26). 

Sculpture by Hclaine Blumenfcld; 
Coventry Whitefriars. London 

Rd/Gnlson Rd, Coventry; Mon to 
Sal 10 to 5 (ends Jan 1 9). 

Drawings by Bonnard: Aberdeen 
Art Gallery & Museums, ScbooIhOl; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Ttaurs 10 to 8, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Jan 12). 

Scottish craftwork; Art Gallery 
and Museum, Kelvingrovc, Glas- 
gow: Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Jan 12). 

Household Taste exhibition; 
Cleveland Gallery, Victoria Rd, 
Middlesbrough; Tues to Sat 12 to 7 
(ends Jan 25). 

Last chance to see 

Photographs from Belgium by 
Frank Peelers; Maclaurin Art 
Gallery Rozelle, Ayr, 1 1 to 5. 

Recent etchings and original 
drawings by Tessa Beaver and 
ceramics by Phil Jolley; Helios 
Pictures, 2 Salisbury R<L Moseley, 
Birmingham, 9.30 to 6. 


Concert by the London Mozart 
Players: Works by Prokofiev, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,939 

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jrsissira- r*i^P.'j****ns 

bigsqfanra* -gBssssH 

By Alan Franks 

The annual ran of Britain's best 
loved Knightsbridge Farce, The liar- 
rods Sale, opened on Tuesday evening 
before an audience of one. 

That was a Mr J Garrard, of 
Cambridge, who had never been to the 
show before, and who wanted to absorb 
the atmosphere of the all-night qiiene 
which traditionally precedes the open- 
ing performance. 

Mr Garrard began his vigil' at door 
seven shortly before 9pm, bat remained 
the sole bargain hunter until dam 
yesterday when two elderly ladles 
turned op at door five. “He was* very 
disappointed at being all alone He 
didn’t actually want- to bny anything; he 
only came along so early because he felt 

he should do the thing properly”, a 
Harrods spokesman said. 

Despite the discouraging omen, this 
year's sale is expected, as it is every 
year, to break its own records for the 
number of shoppers - and pounds - 

The reason for Mr Garrard’s 
loneliness is that this year the store has 
departed from normal practice by 
starting the sale in mid-week, in order 
to lessen- the pressure on the first 
Saturday, and to extend the run from 
three to three-and-a-half weeks. 

-Also, the queues are longest when 
there is one particular item for 
which the shoppers fear compe- 
tition. This time there are no such 
items, despite the £45,000 redaction 

on a. necklace- of pearl, sapphire and' 
diamonds set In gold. Yesterday it- 
was available fora snip at £90,000. ' 

. Nonetheless, the 1986 .sale will 
probably shift £40 milli on worth of 
merchandise, which represents 80 
per cent of current is also 
on coarse to attract 500, TOO 
customers by the end of the week;' 
served by 6,000 staff dispensing 
three mOion carrier bags. 

The plot of this jar’s Knights- 
bridge Farce is familiar. Men's 
trousers, in common- with other, 
products, will be fa filing steadily for 
the remainder of this month as the 
store attempts to divest itself of as 
many goods as it can to make room 

- for^the£25 mil lin n worth Of stock 
arriving fdxi .* JFjeacli promotion in 
vMarch. : -T ; - - 

> Whereas 12 'months'* .ago -- the 
Americans wera arriving by the 
plane load air a. Joint package 
arranged, by thp store and Pan A nt, 
this year they Mve been using the 
offer of free t naBadm tir telephone 
orders a ploy whfefr has already 
■sold 814 ladies’ coats and 1,281 
' assorted sweaters. - 

' Shoppers seeking a tip from the 
V top should listen . to* Mr Frank 
■Brewitt, the stub’s managing 
r director, who reckons that the best 
buys this year wilt pome right at the 
‘ end of ■ 

Reagan warning to Gadaffi Tejdters’ tags .gLAras 

Continued from page 1 

the Tunisian government state- 
ment that the passports used by 
the Vienna terrorists had been 
confiscated by the- Libyan 
Government from expelled 
Tunisian workers last summer. 

Meanwhile Mr Jim Wright, 
the House of Representatives 
Democratic leader, desclosed 
yesterday that the US thwarted 
terrorist attempts to blow up the 

US capitol and assassinate the 
American ambassador to Italy. 

Mr Reagan said in his press 
conference that the US had 
been able to anticipate and 
abort 126 terrorist actions over 
the past year. Mr Speakes said 
yesterday that 23 of trhese 
occurred in the United States. 
Between January and 
November last year, there were 
695 terrorist incidents world- 
wide. 200 directed at Ameri- 

cans. Some 2,000 people -were 
killed or injured, including 1? 
Americans' killed and 122 

' Mr • Reagan issued a blunt 
warning to Colonel Gadaffi -on 
Tuesday .not to harm .the 
Americans in Libya or prevent 
them' leaving. 

The US firms involved must 
comply fully with the sanctions 
by February I. 

Continued from page 1 

met -prominent Labour mem- 
bers of the National -Onion of 
Teachers secretly at the Ran- 
dolph Hotel, Oxford, ' last 
autumn.- ...... 

At that meeting the biggest 
teachers’ union persisted with 
its hard line on- a commitment ' 
to restore 1974 pay levels which 
would - involve . a pay rise of 
more than 30 per cent. 

If Acas were, to opt for an 

inquiry, this' would be a hot 
political- potato for the concila- 
tiou service: The ' Go vernnteut 
is dead .setagaihst an inquiry at 

ACas, .which met- the.' em- 
ployers yesterday for prelimi- 
nary. talks, 1 is understood .to 
have . told-', unions .that , it 
considers itself to be completely 
independent ' and able to make 
recom mendati osn that - the 

Governments might not Ulny 
: Straggle tqfind lieftd, page 2. 

'Weaknesses in government 
monhoring. of the £6,000 
million a year spent by uationa- 
fized industries on capital assets 
■wax highligh ted yesterday by 
the Commons Pubbe Accounts 
Committees " 

-Investment by- state enter- 
prises in capitai projects should 
be^ authorized only afler thc 
“most rigorous appraisal", ,thc 
committee says. SpeiKfing must 
be feBy justified and directed to 
the most appropriate scfcsaaes.: 

The. aNHparxy Committee, 

Parliament’s p^btic spending 
watdidog. examined tteee in- 
dustries with substantial invest- 
ment programmes. Jhe British 
Airports_ Authority, British Steel 
and British Gas- 
lit ] 983-84 spending by the 
tlkee industries on fixed assets 
was £132 inilliott, £193 million 
and £1,138 million reflectively. 

Tiro committee is concerned 
thai none of the three industries 
had discussed in their corporate 
{dans radical alternatives- to 
p roposed investment strategies. 

. .Also “anratisJ hc tcrry” are 
arrangements’ ; for. departments 
lo cfaeck that huger projects are 
achieving the returns expected 
of them. 

1 At present, however, the 
scope .for- such examination 
varies. The Department of 
Transport discusses the . pur- 
pose, need and timing for each 
airports authority project ex- 
pected to cost more than £1 
milHon . The Deparment of 
Trade - and Industry ha »-• no 
arrangeiHczits for. -raaminiztg 
British Steel projects tinder £4 
raUfion, and the . Department of 
Enemy does not negulariy 
examine onshore British Gas 
projects, some of which cost 
more than £20 million. . 

TUG cafe for 
more spending 

Leaders -of the TUC have 
called for a net , injection of £62 
billion into tiie economy, to 
boast pui^c spending and 
sodai : security benefits, as part 
of their budget submissions to 
the.- Chancellor of the Ex- 

; - The TUC is asking for £900 
million to boost; manufacturing 
and. £2,900 million for .social 
benefits. . 


Mozart, Stravinsky and Haydn; St 
David’s Hall, Cardiff, 7.30. 

Conceit by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietla; Great Hall, Exeter 
Unfveiisity, 7.3d 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra; Colston Hall, 
Bristol, 7.30 


The 12th annual Norwich 
Antiques Fain Blackfnars Hall, St 
Andrew’s Plain, Norwich, today and 
tomorrow 1 1 to 9, Sat 1 1 to 5 (ends 
Jan 1 IV- 

Dickens on the Festive- Season: 
dramatized readings with, music 
presented by Quintus: Soroptomist 
Club. St Martin's College, Lancast- 
er, 7.30. 

The 32nd London International 
Boat Show. Earls Court Exhibition 
Centre. Warwick Rd, SW5. Mon to 
Fri 10 to S, Sax and Sun 10 to' 7,- 
admission £3.20, under 14s £1.60 
(endsJan 12). 

Broadcasting report 

Voice of the Listener’s second 
submission to the borne Office 
Committee on financing the BBC 
(Peacock Committee) has now been 
published. Copies of the Voice of 
die Listener’s first and second 
submissions can be obtained from 
Lhe Conference Secretary, 101 
King's Drive, Gravesend, Kent 
DAI2 5BQ (price £1.00. including 

Books — hardback and paperback •- -- 

Tlw Literary Ecfltofs mlecttan of interesting books pubtebedthls wnk: . - 

A History of Europe 1848-194*, The Arrival, The Rise, The FU, by Paul Dukes 
(Macmillan, £30) . 

Government and the UMveraittos in Britain, programme and performance I960-- 
1980, by John Carswell (Cambridge, £19.50) 

Grants 17, While Waiting for a War, by Graham Greens (Penguin, E3JJ5) 

Patients and Prac ti tioner s, Lay perceptions of Merfidna hi pro-industrial society, 
edited by Roy Porter (Cambridge, £27^50) - - . • • 

Political Murder, From Tyrannicide to Terrorism, -by Frankfitr L Font. (Harvard, 
E2A95) ' . 

RandaD JaneH’s Letters, edted by Mmy Jarre* (Faber, £25) 

Studies in Literature and the HumenKtos, Innocence, of Intent, by Beorge Whafley 

(Macmfflan, £27^0) • m 

The Cofln-Madnnes Omr^xis, hto throe London novels (Alison & Busby. £12 

KeSpeSmdsjl Portrait tri the New Spain, tty John HrwpwtVlldna. ElOtn^' 

The Steadfast Qurichs, Historical Record of 6th Queen ffizabetfi e Own QwWia 
Rifles, volume 3 1 948-1982. by Charles Messenger (Leo Cooper/Seckeri Waiting, 

The pound 

YMbosIbvMi Dnr 
Hates lor emal danomkiukin bank notes only. 
89 auppCod by Bandays Bank PLC, Diffarant 
rates apply to travellers' cheques' and other 
tareign currency business. 

Retefl Price Index: 378.4. 

Louden: The FT Index closed down 11J5 at 


The Midlands: M5: Widening 
work between junctions'.. 4 (A38 
Bromsgrove) and 5 {A38 Droil- 
wich); contraflow on southbound 
carriageway;, expea long delays. 
A34: Expect delays on the north- 
bound carriageway in Hanford, 
Staffs. A41: Temporary traffic lights 
and delays on the Warwick to 
Bir m i n g h a m road 3 miles N of 
Warwick at Hatton.. 

The North: M62: Lane closures E 
of Burtonwood services; delays at 
peak periods. MI 80: Contraflow 
between junction 3 (MI 80/M 181) 
and junction 4 (Ermine St inter- 
change), Scunthorpe, Humberside. 

Wales and West: M4: Lane, 
restrictions between junctions 22 
and 24 (Chepstow to Newport) 
GwcnL A30: Temporary lights at 
various locations between Lifton 
and Okehampton, Devon— A472: 
Major reconstruction in Bridge St 
and Castle St, Usk, Gwent; 

Scotland: M8: Inside lane ; 
closures between junction 26 
(Hiliington) and 29 (Paisley). M73: 
Outside lane dosed at junction 2 
(Glasgow) (NB link to M8k lighting 
maintenance. City of Aberdeen: 
A93: Gas main installation W of 
Cults; single line traffic and 
temporary lights. 

Information supplied by the AA 



A trough of low pressure 
will dear from E areas, blit 
fprther troughs...- will 
approach the W later. 

6am to midnight 


promising enough. All that emerged; 
however, were a series of worthy but 
lightweight ideas-.about fitting cars 
vSih better locks and mstallinK more 
anti burglary, devices into build- 
ings".. The paper adds: “Thfcse may 
have their part to play, but the, real 
fight against, crime must start with a. 
super efficient police force backed 
up by courts that are. not scared to. 
punish criminals -and punish them 
hwti". .. 

Commenting on Social Trends, a 
Government report, published '■ 
today, the Daily Express . says: 
“Material well-being is not every- 
thing. But to ignore it - as many 
commentators do' - in 'order to 
concentrate bn the dark side of life 
is to bury the truth’’- It adds: “And 
the - truth is - that; unemployment: 
apart, Britain is perfo r ming very 


Births: Chaim Bialik, poet, Rady. 
Ukraine. 1873; Karel Capefc, writer, 
Male Sv at on Bo vice, -Gzechlosvakia, 
1890; - Grade Fields, Rochdale, 
Lancashire, 1898. 

Deaths: Napoleon m (Louis 
Napoleon), Chislehurst, Kent, 1873; 
Katherine Mansfield, writer, Fon- 
tainbleau, France, 1923- 

Leaflets listing- BBC - Opwi 
University broadcasts 1986 for non- 
specialist audiences are available in 
the following sulped areas: . . ~ 

. Music and li te rature; - media: 
studies: management courses; pub-' 
lie af&irs and history; mathematics: 
and computing; science; technology, 
new for L986' listing the new senes 
for this year, educational studies; 
art, . architecture and “design; and 
psychology, society and community. . 
For details, send a large stamped 
addressed envelope to: Information 
office. BBC OUPC Walton Hall,' 
Mihon Keynes, MK7 6BH_ 

BBgh tides 


lighting-op time 


Snow reports 







Highest and lowest 




,s ^ 



«■ W- T.e are. witnessing the 

m ■ / rise and <Ae qjread : 

H/m/ of ' thc shamrock 

V W organization. This is 
J . j.T-not. « 5 n» kind . of 
Irish takeover butja,, 
recognition rof the fict that more and, , 
more organizations have a: clear 
tbre^petafled 'workforce - V three 

emergence of these .three' calories 1 
may well turn oat: to be the, most, 
lasting and significant legacy of the ‘ 
employment takedown of the past' 

The. first cat^bry is that of the» 
professional core, the key managers, 
professionals, technicians and 
skilled workers who. together .em- 
body the organizational knowledge 
which gives thfc organization its own 
identity and added value:' ‘ : 

They are valuable people, worth 
binding to the corporation with all' 
the inducements available, be they* 
high salaries, good penanny job 
security or a variety of perks and 

As a result they are expensive: 
Organizations are therefore slim- , 
ming down their professional corey ' 
working them. more intcnsrvdy%and 
“functionally flexibly” - to quote 

1 •- ‘ -tV* - ' - 

John Atkmson ofrjhe^Institute -of ■ 

- Manpower Studira promoting : 
. '.them' ybtmger - and - retinng them. 

- eariioV 7 

- /.T56ct‘"‘«aecoad t -. category-,. -is-, .the-' 
vcoaaactiBl’InngR.' Whereas it nj»d. 
-Dpctito ibe xopyentionalwisdom to. 
.Igsep -C^iything in-house for better' 

. <si^trpT 0 ‘ js now- fashionable 1 .to 

- ontsonrce tveiything' that iynot of - 

riZatioiLf .This gives added fiexfbilfty 
..|a.Ute ; <wsanizati<m ayto putivlcss 
kofiity. ir allows the organization to 
exportsome of its umxrtamty. - . - 
* •. r Most organizations, ifthey do the 
■>suxeu^ will find. that they now .have ' 
r as;.ipany : people wotifingr with Them. 
on some sort of contract of supply or 
service, as working for them. ~ [ : 
r Tbethirdcategrayis the ; flexible 
labour force. These are the- people, 

' mostiYspart-tinay nsnally women, to - 
whom; the organization offers not 
careers out work, and \?ork often of' 
•a temporary and* 'changing nature. . 
.- One large ^ oreapfejrtion today ciQt 
•; ploysnone of itswprkforce fhll-fime 
'..but only fnlj^lay ^ then 
l ^ow.many days in every particular 
1 month it needs fiom every person: .- 
...In tins category work is a 
commodify'traded dor money, work 

- in which the conditions and the pay 

- can be good .but the promise for the 

ThfeiiAeiis^j^ life, '■ 
woi^ng, very hard and 
retiring very-early, is j 

the thinking behind'the J 
‘shamrock organizational 
Chiles Handy explains l 


ftture smalL The result? The self- 
employed and part-timers are now 
.’up to 50 per cent of the fufl-tizne ' 
population and growing fist. 

. Why is - this happening? It - is 
.happening .because. management 
wants to keep its flexibility, even in 
times- of growth. If - is happening - 
because more and more .oiganiz-. 
ations are needing to . stretch their , 
operational days .or weeks to make’ 
better ' use of lheir plant arid 
buildings, to keep up with the - 
competition or to satisfy customers. 

- ' Few businesses can afford to sleep 
these days. More organizations are 
becoming like hotels or airlines - 
round the clock and round the week 

- which have ip supplement their 
core with a large contractual fringe 
and a flexible labour force if they are 
.to make it work. 

" More importantly, however, it 
may be happening because manage- 
ment has at last discovered how to 
do more with fewer people or, at 
.least, with smaller bits of them. 

' It is interesting to note that while 
salary and wage rales have been 
rising faster than either the CBI or' 
the Government, would like, the 
total cost of wages and salaries has 
represented a decreasing percentage 
of national income in the past few 

In other words, efficient em- 

ployers have . sought to hold, down 
labour costs, not by restricting rates 
but by cutting the number and 
of jobs. We may be trying to move 
towards • a ’• high-w ag e , small-job 
economy. "•* “ • 

That may be an effective way of 
distributing "work but it is often 
small comfort .• to ' the man, or 
woman, who would like the high 
wage and the. bigger job. What seems 
cenain-»'thal,'once discovered, litis 
new philosophy will not readily be 
.abandoned. : 

. The implications are consider- 
able. One way of highlighting them 
is to look at die length of the lifetime 
job. A generation ago it used to be 

100.000 hours or 47 hours a week, 
including overtime, for 47 weeks a 
year for 47. years. It may now be 
down to 50,000 for someone starting 
work today. 

' That is not because we have 
halved the working week or the 
working year but because the cube, 
law in mathematics conceals things 
from us. In fact 37 x 37 x 37 = 

50.000 or, to take another combi- 
nation, so do 45 hours x 45 weeks x 
25 years, the sort of intense job life 
which the professional core can 
expect, working very hard and 

retiring early, although h may not 
feel like, or be called, retirement. 

Sports stars, commodity brokers, 
pop ringers and officers in the armed 
services already experience this son 
• of career. It will get more common. 
Another combination would be 22 
hours a week for 45 weeks for 50 
years, the pan-time combination 
with work extending well into one’s 
sixties because it provides a 
continuing pan but not the whole of 
life. : 

We may, in fact, see simultaneous 
pressures for earlier retirement and 
later retirement from different pans 
of the workforce. 

T hirdly, there will be those, 
mostly' women but more 
and more men, who 
sandwich it. doing 1 0 
years in a job, taking 10 
' years off to raise 2 family 
and going back in for 15. That, too, 
works out at 50,000. 

The precise numbers are not 
important. What is important is that 
wc appear to have split the job in 
half in one generation without really 
noticing- it. Most of us are going to 
have an unanticipated extra 50,000 
hours which used lo be in the job. 

For some that will be called 
unemployment, for some extra 

January 9, 1986 

leisure, for some early retirement 
Some will have it during lheir job 
life, others at the end. Most of us. 
however, will need to use it for 
work, cither to make more money 
or. by more work in the home, to 
save spending money or, by work in 
the community, to save others 
spending money. 

It is not, in fact going to be sz era 
of less work and more leisure but of 
different kinds of work at different 
times of life, for few will make 
enough or save enough in their 
50,000 hours to keep them for the 
rest of life, even if the state helps out 
quite a bit 

The 50,000-bour job is just one of 
the unanticipated outcomes of the 
shamrock organization. There are 
many more. Wfaat is already dear is 
that the employee society has 
changed fundamentally and won't 
change back, no matter how well the 
economy does. 

It is the difference between the 
different types of 50,000 hours that 
should now be worrying us as much 
as the total of them all 

Charles Handy is author of The 
Future of Work (Blackwell, 1984) 
and visiting professor at the London 
Business School 

■Advertising S 01-278 9161/5 Enquiries 


- . IN LONDON ’JV-.. 

The London' Office of lhe Agent-General for Victoria, Australia is seekingio employ two .suit- 
ably ‘qualified people to join hseconbimcadyiaoiy. team. - 

The Agent-Genera] is responsible for promoting business opportunities in the State of Victoria 
and applicants win require pxpfessinal experience and initiative. ' 

Position 1 

'••••■ • Sabuy £13,870 -£16,630 

Doties k ■ 

Subject t&the Diredjor,Econc>micand Tourist Developm«it, tbe successful applicant will be 
required to promot e and facilitate within the UJt ami Europ e investment and economic de- 
velopment in the StaleofYktoria. 

Applicants should possess: . 

Extensive- experience in edevaat VJL/Earope-basinsss or banking sectors; a 
sound knowledge of the Vtctorianfinancial and economic envErumnent; promoti- 
nal and. liaiso n drills; an innovative approach and to have attained a suitable 
academic tevd. .. . 

Position 2 ■ * 

. . 5alary:;£ll,485-£13,653 ; - • 

Duties 7 __ • • 

Reporting to the Assistant Director, Economic Development To assist in promoting and fitdK- ' 

Applicants shoal (Epossess: ; i ■ -X *■> - •’ * 

■ A fhm-nn gti knmriAdgg nf ihiCn&Inslrial and commerinal infiastructore of rural , 

• abd erb^n centres in _the Slate of Victoria, ofGovemment wpport ftcilhies_ ; s . 

; foirindpitrid deVdppmgnCTlie ability to liaise withsenior mantement in bank- 
.. ing and bosmess and gkrtte in communication are cbnsdaed essential. To have 7; 

■ - l Iniiameda smtide academic fevdi ‘ * 

plications for'Vdrar^phy ^pm on Friday 3Ist Jannaiy 1986 addressed to 

-rfV.V!;*’' ^ r ;‘ Chief^dministratiTCOfBcM- 

- Victoria House 

• . MelbournePlace . . - 

• *• * Strand" 

London WC2B 4LG . 

StatoH is a state-owned company. estabSshediy lha HonieegfanParSa- 
mont In 137Z The company is reespohstole for the business interests of the 
Norwegian Government in exploration, development production, trans- 
portation , refining and sale of oB arid gas'and other rebtedbustness.Sta- 
toff Is the operator for development and opecation-otthe Gu&aks flda and 
the Statp&e gas transportation system. '■ . 


The {Jetjartfrwntof reservoir technotosaf worimwith all eftbe fieldsrithe' 
Morumnian sector end abrosid svtwB Statofl has operator or partnarshfo, ana 

is the axve^seofpe^ centre for resell tBChnoto^. We are bi^rested 
ri strengthwting our staff and are therefore se^dog qutfified raservor • 
engineers for the fotowfna appo&iOnents: . ; ; - 

Senior Staff Engineer 

The position Is in the Section for htetory matching and reserverir nwraewnent 
and wfll kivotve 'technical raaponstogty fty aqroup working wWi the ^StatQord 
field. It wfl Include feeding, planning and buckjetfing.-the various projects wthri 
the group. .... . 

The scope of workwafedude 

- the use of targe rimuiation model* 

• history m atching 

« deve l oping long term production towaita ... 

- evaluat&ig rasenmir end production cfeta -- 

* dose co*per*Bon*Mti reservoir geologists . 

We are seeking a person wbO quatfied In reservoir technotogy, wfih at least 
5—10 years wojdng ejqaerterice, who has ktittativa, can wwk In ' 

who is rrterested b tesdog and cooufoafing a group worWng wftn large and 
comptex reservoir stuefies. . - 

Senior Reservoir Engineer 

The position is in the Section for oa fields. The work w9 be associated vrith 
fieri devdqxnent studies and wBiraAide ■ 

* evaluating reservoir data 

- reservoir tnodefttg and rinaifeting .. ■ ". .. 

• evakiafir^ fieri development after natives •-• 

The section tas a large number and vrefety of projects, rany of which.Teqiira 

App&cants should have at feast 4r-5 yearn experience. 

• . . ■ ' ■. ■ ■■ - j . • ' * ' ' . ■. • 

For further data's concerning the positions cafi Beidar Kristensen, Robert 
Dixon or tars Rsssiand, teL Norway 4 - 80 80 90. 

The locafion for both be Stavanger. Nixway.'CompensattJa 


StatoB is an equal opportunity emptoyer and ther^ encourages women to 

A wia«T application vritfiresuma, cerlificsdw and references ?hotid be sent 
before February 12. 1986:- - 

Business Systems Analysts 

COUNTY BANK £ Highly Negotiable Packages 



in making a career move to an Internationa] Merchanc 
Bank with a strong and increasing presence in London 
and around the world. 


enough to be at the leading edge of systems development 
to meet the challenges of the City revolution. 


ofbeing part'of a professional Technology Group where 
your skills, enthusiasm and commitment will be rewarded. 



up to £23,000 plus car 

Lancaster City Council is creating an independent 
transport company »o provide extensive passenger 
transport and related business services throughout 
tire Lancaster and Morecambe areas. The Board of 
Directors now wants to appoint a managing director 
capable of taking on executive responsibility for the 
company and ensuring that maximum profitability 
is achieved in all of the company's business 
activities. No specific professional background is 
bring stipulated by the Board but applicants must 
demonstrate their ability to run the business 
effectively. Essen rial skill requirements will include 
business planning, strong leadership and 
commercial managemenL 

up to £16,000 plus car 

In addition to the Managing Director the Board 
also wishes to appoint a Finance Director to provide 
the Cbmpany and the Board with top level financial 
advice. The successful applicant must have direct * 
experience of financial management in a commercial 
organisation and will additionally be required 10 act 

as company secretary. 

if you are interested m either ofthese jobs you 
should prepare your own application (maximum 
1200 words) and send it to Mr W Pearson, Tbwn 
Clerk and Chief Executive, Lancaster Chy Council, 
Town HaU, Lancaster to arrive by 23 January 1986. 

' Any enq nines rotated lo the appointment should 

. bemade to Joanne Bales, Coopers &lybnutd 
Associates, St James's House, Cturfotte Street, 
Manchester Ml 4DZTefc 061-2369841. 


Den norskestafe oljeselskap as 

P.O. Box 300, 4001 Stavanger, Norway 



The American University of Beirut is 
seeking a Vice President of Finance and 
a Vice President of Administration. All' 
five colleges of the University are func- 
tioning, with a total enrolment of 4,700 
students. Interested individuals should 

The President 

The American University of Beirut 
850 Third Avenue 
. New Yoifc, New Yorfc 10022 
Telephone (212) 319-2423 
. Telex 22330217 UB UR 


1 Associates 

County Bank is seeking ro appoint a small number of 
Business Analysts to meet tne operational challenges of 
Big Bang and beyond. Whilst Financial Sector experience 
would be useful it is not essential. County is more 
interested in your analysis skills, together with your abilir 
to fit into a highly motivated team environment. There 
are challenges at all levels with opportunities for a 
management role for those ready to progress to this levc' 
Packages will include above average salaries and 
excellent bank benefits. 

lo apply please contact our advising consultants 
Tim NichoUs on 01-408 1670 during office hours or 
Brian Burgess on 01-541 4764 after 7 pm/weekends or 
alternatively write enclosing a curriculum vitae, to r)v 
address below quoting Ref: TCN/BB052. 

Search and Selection 

l60New BoodStrm. London W 1 Y OHR. 

Telephone; 01 -408 1670. 

British Telecom is one of fee country^ s foremost 
organisations. A leader in fee hi-tech world of 
tefecorwnurucalions, it employs over 240,000 people 
feroughoutfee UK. The Project Development Unit 
based within our Management College at Bletchley 
seeks o Senior Occupational Psychologist who will be a 
consultant to oil parts of our business with responsibility 
to fee Principal Psychologist. 

The Senior Psychologbtwiil provide British 
Telecom wife advice on all aspects of psychological 
and behavioural science matters. He or she will carry 
out projects as requested by British Telecom in fee 
areas of human effectiveness and fee well-being of 
man in fee work environment, wife particular emphasis 
given to fee areas of organisational development and 
team bwkfing. 

h particular fee Senior Psychologist must be able 
to critically assess the suitability of new methods, 
techniques and equipment in fee training behavioural 
science fields and be able to bring such developments 
to a state of operational readiness. 

The successful candidate wiH be able to 
demonstrate a high level of initiative and good 
interpersonal skHls, and have had experience of. 
coordinating and managing teams on a matrix basis 

combining leadership skills wife fee ability to work wei 
as a team member. 

Candidates should have □ good honours degre- 
in psychology wife either an occupational or applied 
bias. A post graduate qualification in occupational 
psychology or experience in applied psychology or 
training would be an advantage. The appointee will 
also be able to demonstrate knowledge and 
experience in a number of fee following: psychology c 
learning; training (needs analysis, evaluation, 
techniques and consultancy); distance learning; team 
building; organisational development; survey 
techniques; project management; psychometrics/ 
statistics; job analysis and design; and job satisfaction 

Starting salary will be up to £22,000. Assistance 
with relocation will be available where appropriate. 
The post will be located in Bletchley, Buckinghamshire. 

Please write to or ring Karen Ward on 
01 -432 4329 for an application form. British Telecom, 
Room 201, Priory Reids House, 1 20 Aldersgate Street, 
London EC1A 4JQ. Closing date for applications is 
31st January 1986. 


p □ : 


Challenging wcric as an EXECUTIVE OFFICES a tocal 

there are many types ert duties which you might perform. 
Some involve supawsmg a small teamed staff whilst oihere 
concern projects# a specialised nakre. More often than 
not this means qirect contact wfth membeis of the pubic. 

Location: Offices m the London poy area administered by 

London South Retfort . 

Salcay For exampte at age 20 On inner London] you wfflecsn 

£7,668 rising to £10502 by annual increments. Promotion 

prospects to Hgher Brecutlve Officer and beyond are 
good in DHSS London offices. 

Holts ' itou wffl worico 5 clay week of 41 houis (Including 
meal breaks). All offices operate a system of ftextote woriang 
giving you lhe opportunity lo wo* ihs hews lhat suit you 

• HoOdays: Starting at 22 days a year plus an additional 
10 days pubhc and privilege leave. 

• Be aged between 1 7 y 2 and <25 years. 

• Possess, 5 GCE Passes of which at least 2 must be al 
'A' level. A pass in English Language is mandator,; 
Equivalent qualifications are also acceptable 

eg a UnlversitY degiee. ONC. WC etc. 


For futher information arid application form please 

MIssL Thomas. 

DHSS. Sutherland House. 

29/37 Brighton Road 
. Sutton. Surrey SM25AN 


Senior Occupational 

Consultancy and research within a major industry 

Milton Keynes Up toe. £22,000 



Trade 01-278 9161/5 

l 1300 

Radio Leicester 

£9.909 — £13,420** 

Radio Kent 

£9 : 809 — £13,420 p.a.*" 

Local Radio 

V'c arc an e?ul 
cppfrtuniiics cr*p ! cver 

To join the newsroom team to work primarily on 
the preparation and production of the Station's 
news output and current affairs programmes. The 
work includes newsreading, interviewing and 
reporting and, in addition, you may produce feature 
programmes and take part in announcing duties. 
You must have journalistic experience as a sub- 
editor or reporter, a good microphone voice and a 
current driving licence. (Ref. 65S3<T) 

A lively imaginative and experienced News 
Producer is needed for five months from February 
to work in go-ahead studios in one of the most 
attractive cities in England. 

Interviews will be held In Canterbury on 
Wednesday, January 29th. 

Completed application forms must be returned 
by Friday, January 17th. (Ref. 9000/T) 

This is a unique opportunity to train for a fulfilling 
career in Local Radio. The course will begin in late 
September 1966 with up to twelve places available. 
Over a period of twenty months you will be trained 
in the basic skills to enable you to compete for a 
permanent post as a Local Radio Reporter at one 
of the stations in England. A degree is not 
essential, but we do ask for at least 'A' Level 
standard of education, and you should be aged 
between 20 and 50. You must have demonstrated 
in a practical way your interest in how news is 
gathered and communicated and you will need a 
good microphone voice. You must be prepared to 
work anywhere in England. During your 
Traineeship your salary -will rise from £7,420 to 
£8.520 (current rates). 

This scheme is not open to anyone who has 
already undertaken formal journalistic training. 

Completed application forms must be returned 
by Friday, January 31 st. (Ref. 6555/T) 

‘Plus allowance of £569 p.a. 

"Plus allowance of £971 p.a. 

Relocation expenses considered for permanent 

Contact us immediately for an application form 
(quote appropriate reference number and enclose 
s.a.e.) BBC Appointments, London W1A 1AA. 
Tel. 01-927 5799. 


Applications are invited for Ihe post or Head of Ihe Structures and Mechanisms Branch in the 
Technology Planning and Research Division of the Central Efectncity Generaiing Board. The 
post will be 02 sed at in? Berkeley Nuclear Laboratories which are located midway between 
Bristol and Gloucester. 

The Branch carries out research which ranges widely over ihose disciplines relev ant to the 
analysis e; rectors gov ernmg the integrity of power plant, whether conventional or nuclear. The 
broad aim oi ihe work is to develop design and assessment methods which have a firm 
foundation in dss'C data and understanding. Topics being studied include the development and 
use of techniques for the analysis ol stresses in structures, the evolution of methods for design of 
components which must operate at high temperatures, and the s tudy of dynam.c effects on plant 
resulting Irom imposed vibration or foading derived from seismic shock or the impact of missiles. 
Siuoies of ‘he properties of material? include analysis of fraciure creep and fatigue behaviours, 
and the motion and vvear associated with interacting surfaces, together with the formulation of 
engineering implications. 

The Laboratones are well provided with a range of modern equipment, including otf-sile facilities 
for the validation of analytical methods bv the testing of model and full size structures. The 
research team is of mixed disciplines and emphasis is placed on the need to foster appropnale 
contacts witn the academic and industrial communities at home and abroad. 

The task of leading this large team successfully requires a significant management capability on 
the part of the person io be appointed. Candidates should have considerable experience and a 
proven research record in an appropriate field. The successful applicant will be expected fo 
contribute to the general management of Ihe Laboratories, and to play a part in the safety and 
emergency arrangements on the site. 

The sa (ary for the appointment will be within the range £27,605 - £29,575 per annum. 
Applications giving full career details to include age. qualifications, experience, present position 
and salary, should be forwarded to Mr W.H.F. Brooks Manager of Personnel and 
Administration, Technology Planning and Research Division. Courtenay House 
IS Warwick Lane. London EC 4 P 4EB. by 24th January 1936. 

The CEGB is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 





to £15 


Already one of Europe's larges t computer systems companies , Software 
Sciences Limited is growing fast. Our success in meeting the needs of diverse 
clients, from consultancy through design to ins t allation, is largely due to the 
efficient administration and professional management of project work. 

Wc now seek an experienced contracts professional Tor a senior role 
within both Software Sciences and its sister eompany.Thom EMI Micrologic 
Limited. As well as handling day-to-day contractual arrangements for 
worldwide hardware and software sales, plus License, Distributor and Agent 
agreements, you will liaise closely with the Purchasing Department in 
monitoring all supply and OEM agreements. 

Aged 25 or over, you should be qualified in Law or Business Studies to 
HND or degree level and have at least fouryears' experience in contracts work;, 
ideally in a commercial environment. You must also be articulate, authoritative 
and able to work efficiently and effectively under pressure. 

In return, you'll receive an excellent salary, enhanced by a range of 
large-company benefits. 

For a genuine career opportunity in the industry of the future, contact 
Linda Patten. Software Sciences Limited. Famborouffh. Hampshire GLM 4 7NB. 
Td. (0252) 544521. 

Are p@rs@ssR@S standards as high as oars' ' 

Cable and Wireless, an international leader in tele- 
communications. has earned success and international 
respect through the expertise and united efforts of its 
stall - worldwide. 

To maintain these high standards - employing only! he 
best people and developing the potential of present 
stati - additional etper lenced Personnel generalists 
are needed for our Recruitment. Career Developmen t 
and Compensation and Benefits Sections within our 
Personnel Department in Central London. 

Each Section performs a specialist function so we 
need personnel professionals who have developed 
impressive eroertise in the following aroas: 

* Recruitment and Selection 

* Compensation and Benefits 
Industrial Relations 

v Staff Development 

It is vital that this expertise is backed up by a good 
general understanding of the whole personnel spectrum 
- assuring you of maximum flexibility for career 
development and full appreciation of each section and 
its activities. 

W? are looki ng for e ne rge tic and ambit ious grad ua t es. 
aged 24-23. ideally with full or part I PM. You must be 
an effective communicator, both oral and written, 
showing good interpersonal skills. 

In return we are offering salaries of c£l 1.000 and a 
benefits package including 22 days annual leave, 
contributory pension scheme, interest free sea son tick! 
loan and assistance with relocation where necessary. 

Please write, with full CV. quoting ref. 158/T. to; 
Recruitment Manager, Cable and Wireless pic. 
Mercury House. Theobalds Road, London WC1X 8RX 
or telephone for an application form on 
01-405 4980 (24 hrs). 

Helps the world communicate 

Registered Nursing Home Association 


The General Secretary is responsible to the National 
Council of the RNHA for the day-to-day operation of 
its affairs in accordance with ih"c Association’s Con- 
stitution and National Council policies. 

He/sbe will, from their past commercial and financial 
experience, be capable of leading a small office team. 
He/she must be personable, articulate and able to 
exercise his/her inter-personal skills successfully in 
discussions and negotiation with other agencies in the 
private health sector and with senior Government 
and Civil Service personnel. Salary negotiable. Send 
for application form io: 

Mrs P. Price, RNHA. 75 Portland Place. WIN 4AN- 

The Post o£ 


Applications arc invited for the full-time post oT 
Secretary to administer the London office of the 
British School at Rome. Duties include the servicing 
of the Executive and several other committees and 
the organisation oT the competitions for the Rome 
Scholarships in the humanities and ihe fine arts. 

Salary £ 32,000 Age Limit 55 years 

Further information and application farm 
from the Secretary, 

British School at Rome, 

2 Lowthcr Gardens, 

Exhibition Road, 

London SW7 2AA 

Tel: 01-589 3665 

Diversified pic 

London area c. £18,500 + car 

Thi* successful C60 million -turnover 
group manufactures and markets a 
variety of specialist products. With over 
800 employees and some 20 subsidiaries 
located throughout the UK, the strengths 
of iti balance sheet and management 
provide an excellent springboard for 
further growth. The need, now, is for 
an experienced Company 
Secretary who will report to 
the MD and carry out the lull gif J 
range of statutory and admini- 
strativc duties associated with m 
a group of this size. Supporting Ja I.** 

the Board in the execution of its grow th 
plans, whether by expansion or acquisition, 
will be a prime task. 

Candidates, aged 35 to 45. should he 
members of a a appropriate professional 
body and must demonstrate a successful 
record of achievement in a similar role, 
ideally in a group operation. Salary is 
negotiable and a car will form pan 

\ of an attractive benefits package. 

Please send brief cv, in 
confidence, to Peter Greenaway. 
, Ref: AA51/9666/T. 

PA Personnel Services 

E\tcuir:c Search: - Selection • Psydiamc/ria • Remuneration & Personnel Ccrntdiancy 

Hyde Park House, 60a KniKbisbridgc, London SWIX 7LE. 
Tel: 01 -333 6060 Telex: 27871 


DIRECTOR c.£25,000 

As the Chief officer of Lhe National Nursery Examination Board the Direc- 
tor will carry responsibility for the conduct of the affairs of a major examin- 
ing and validating body at national level. S/he will play a central role in 
maintaining a major programme of development to assure the quality of Lhe 
training of Nursery Nurses both through the long established NNEB Certifi- 
cate course and through the rapidly developing Certificate in Post-qualifyig 

The potential candidates will have the personal and intellectual qualities 
necessary to represent the Board's interests at national level, as well as the 
high level of managerial and entrepreneurial skills needed to provide leader- 
ship to a successful self-financing, body operating in the volatile fields both 
of vocational education and training and services to young children. 

It is expected that the successful candidate will lake up office in May 
1986. The post is superannuate and car loan and essential user allowance 
are available. 

Further details from Michael Stanton at The National Nursery Exam- 
ination Board, Argyle House, 29/31 Eiulon Road, London NW1 25D. 
Closing dale far completed applications: 3 1st January 1986. 

Computer Services Manager 

London WC2 c£18,500 

Denton Hall Buxgin&WBirens, an international firm of lawyers, have 
continued their planned investment and commitment in both office 
automation and data processing. 

In line with their philosophy of providing their own internal support, they 
are seeking to recruit a systems professional to take a leading role within 
this area. 

The brief of the successful applicant will include day to day operations, 
system enhancements and development, production and implementation 
of procedures for all levels of users, recommendations and planning for 
future expansion and an active role in user training. 

You will have a sound background in a DATA GENERAL environment and 
a thorough knowledge of CEO and AOS/VS at systems level is essential 
The position will also involve considerable liaison with the firm’s overseas 
offices where similar systems are installed. 

Please contact the advising consultant, Ian Hallam, on 01-938 2566/7/8/9 
or send your C.V. to: BASE Appointments, College House, Wrights Lane, 
London W85SH. 

MSB j Denton Hall Burpi^Warrens 

I Solidiors 



Unilever's Economics Department, is rapidly 
building a reputation as a leader in the appli- 
cation of trie 'the new industrial economics' to 
business problems. We have vacancies, now 
and next summer, for graduate, postgraduate 
or post-doctoral economists who will be 
based in our London Head Office. 

Bright innovative microeconomists. who 
want to apply recent researen to real businass 
situations, will be able tc exercise and develop 
these skills. In addition to numeracy, clarity 
of both written and ora! communications is 

Experience in Economics Department is also 
an excellent basis for people who later want 
to move into operational management else- 
where in Unilever. 

Successful candidates will be offered a com- 
petitive salary together with the range of 
benefits normally associated with a major 
international company. 

Please write, including your cv. and a 
statement of your wore: and interests m this 
field, to: 

Professor □ K Stout 
Head of 

Economics Department U mm 

PO Box 68, Unilever House |f|| || f| 
Blackfriars, London EC4P 4BQ HJV 



As a result of substantial growth, the Capital 
Markets division of our client a leading American 
international bank, is seeking additional sales 
and trading staff. 

In particular, they require an experienced Dollar 
Straights Trader to assist with the trading team's 
demanding workload as a major force in the 

They also have a requirement for senior Euro- 
bond salespersons, with a minimum of two 
years' experience in that field, who can help 
continue a period of expansion. 

Highiy attractive salary packages are offered as 
one would expect from a major CIS financial 

For further information, please contact Simon 
Harrison or Louise Gore on 01-481 3188. 




Director of Management Services 

Applications are invited for the post of Director of Manage- 
ment Services reporting to the Secretary at the headquarters 
of the University in Milton Keynes. 

The Management Services Division provides systems devel- 
opment, information centre, internal consultancy, O & M 
and data centre services, which are integral to the Univer- 
sity’s leaching and administration. The Division has some 
1 15 staff with an annual budget of £5.2 million. Toe Data 
Centre operates a dual processor Sperry I100/S2 with a 
network of 140 terminals linking central and regional offic- 

The Director is responsible for planning and directing the 
work of the Division and for contributing to the overall 
management and administration of the University. 

The University seeks a Director with a proven record in 
leadership, planning, implementation and operation of the 
management services function and with the potential to 
make a significant contribution to the effective and efficient 
development of the University. 

Salary c. £24,500 with membership of the Universities 
Superannuation Scheme (an index linked contributory pen- 
sion scheme), 30 days annual holiday and assistance with 
relocation expenses. 

Further particulars are available from the Secretary (778/1) 
The Open University. Walton HalL Milton Keynes, MK7 
GAA, or telephone Milton Keynes (09081 653994: there b a 
24 hour answering service on 653868. 

Closing date for applications: 31st Januaiy 1986. 


Technical Manager 
over £i 5 ,&oa 

A leading company in Oman having diversified 
business activities wishes to appoint an outstanding 
Technical Manager. 

The Company is poised for rapid expansion and the 
incumbent who will be reporting to the General 
Manager must have proven vision to direct the 
company for future growth. Candidates must have 
adequate technical knowledge and experience in Oil 
Field Supplies and the capability to identify and 
promote new business opportunities. 

Salary is negotiable with attractive commission on 
b , u ? 1 ID ** s a^uiretL The company will also pro- 
vide fully furnished accommodation and can The 
appointment will prove particularly attractive to 
awneone with a dynamic approach, aged between 

Reply with full CV to: 

Roneys, 5 th door, 

3 London Wall Buildings, 
London ECzm 5PH. 


A number cif' career oppcrWai'ffldW' for well’ 
educated people Supporfor ■ 

-mhimcff fhtera ^ala .e«pet|^^ -wfehto 
pureue. a career to coR*>utec sales tot cfients;m 
North LONDON^ fite GflY or CROybQN. ff*xj are , 
also a part qualified under 3 Q' 

youwaidbekfeai £ v . \ 

ffiMLeas&ig01i£45K +car 

nxtinfrqrhe Ear 

vradd of tearing? TheabStydoput dedgiog^her- 

IBM experieftceisabo (Xtoeptafcfe^-- Ncte yoqr 
earrings can go fo'rix figures^' ' ; 

ISMS Sf3|^s0TE £40K + car 

‘ One ctf-.tfia best names in Refcrtional DBMS 
software- pcctage-mdna^^ with offices 
■ wodOwWa reqUres an experienced articulate 
sc Ses person '.for LONDON who con sell into the 
0Kdnti!cnie|laige -rrMni erwironment There -is 
enoumcos sates potential as their products are 
' traospcrtpbte across virtually all computed 

MicroSales OIE£30K + BMW 

C^dfthemosfsuccessiLd franchises to the worid. 

. .with branches to earlpndort fe looking to expand - 
Tfe Busies Centres tv recasting sates staff wtfh 
two oTmore years successful' Business systems 
sates experience A highly qualified support team 
; afdoeh Branch makiw ywr seUi^ Job thd much 
' easiecTap'grode company benefits. - 

rne bales. Kecru i tmenr specialists P tacsetetepho na 


Txafd gar Homo, .GreavjlUJ^e^tandon.-NW? 3 SA - after bous end or 
TWephaiw; 01-95? 1TW3611 veetonOs. 

AJ I IV/ 0 I 

• ft • I 

17 KBdsic 35 K 01 tCa^er<^‘ ■ SUCCBSS 

Ifyou are enthusiastic and self-motivated*- ici/ om: o I u M r«, 

.wifi) a strong wiJi to succeed and mate . ; > JSK Basic 50K OTE 2 Litre Cor 

money read on. - * . - - : - • . • , - This multi national U.S.-based supplier of 

Our cl ienfeommands the leading position ' mainframe, mini and micro software is a independent soflwaresupplieriothb . 'specialist infinandal application 

~ IBM marketplace. The demand for these . packoges.Theyseeka dynamic, currently 
. -products has been so great, additiariai • • • ; V : ? successful sales executive to manage 
^sales executives are needed fo build upon established accounts and continue to create 

"the company'ssuccess t6 date ahd Expand ' - tow business, ifyoudesire the security of 

Ihe southern and northern us^r base. With a ; ■ working fbr. an established 'name' in the 

know! edge of database, application, or .industry and still enjoy the challenge of 

decision support software, you can be an . • «. dictating your own future, this will give you 

integral part’ofthis continuing success ’ cm immediate.retum onyour investment, 

story. Ref: LP7. Ref:LP9. . 

Phone Lon Potter crow, quotingthe appropriate reference number to learn more. 

Executive Employment Ltd, Forum House, 1-6 Millmead, 
Staines, Middx. Tel. Staines (0784) 6361 5. 

ina ■■■ . 

Top City Partnership 
to £22,000 negotiable 

Our client is one of the largest partnerships in the City, with 
'overTOO staff in the U.K. and expanding rapidly. 

Continued expansion has highlighted a need for an Office 
Manager to optimise the use of existing resources and project 
manage potential premises acquisitions. 

Reporting to the Deputy Director of Administration the job will 
cany line management responsibility for over 60 staff who 
cover 1 premises maintenance and services including security, 

' switchboard, reception and travel, a general office function, 
records/stationery and catering. Maintenance of premises, ' 
purchase of supplies and staff supervision are key aspects 
of the job. 

Aged35-45; candidates must be able to demonstrate a 
strong functional track record and an innovative andflexibfe 
approach. Strong communication.and social skills are critical 
as the job will cut across ail levels from Caretaker to Senior' 
Partner; a shrewd sense of timing is required, knowing when 
to 6e assertive or gently persuasive to achieve results. . 

Please telephone Mark Tuiitt, on 01 -491 4014, quoting 
ref. 1588M; for a Personal History Fbrm or write to him at 
Management Selection & Recruitment Consultants 
Harbndge House, 3 Hanover Square, London W1 R 3RD. 




Appftcations are Invited for the post-of Chief ’* • 
Executive Officer to the National Board forNursing, 
Midwifery and Health Visiting fw Scotland, in view of : 
the rotfremant in September 1886, aftfce present 

The Chief Executive Officer Is responsible for the 
exercise of the National Board’s functions under the . 
Nurses, MWwivesancl Health .Vteftor’s'Act 1979: 

The post provides an opportunity to tie.^aserfy. 
involved with the provision and future development or 
nurse, midwife and hejBlttvvisitor education in Scotland.. 

qualifications, senior educational and managerial 
experience, and be able to demonstrats'tha qualities of 
leadership and dfpfqmacy essential to this demanding 
post - 7 

■ Further particulars and an applqarttoftfonit are ••• 

available from . 

Mr. Pi S. Taylor, Principal - - - 

Administrative Officer, . . 
National Board forNursing, . 

" Q. MldwHory and Health Visil e . 

Ml for Scotland, 22 Queen Street, 

a BdhtbUfghEH2 TJX.TeL031^ . 

MDC . 225 737t(Ext 202). The ' 
lYl Oi3 cteabtg date for appficationa 
5 * ‘ wifi be 14th February 198$. 



S^ary c.£ 11, 500 (review ki April) 

We are looking for professional retailers to join our . .. 
Tottenham Court Road Store. Meal's sells the finest 
furniture and home furnishings and offers a high 
level of customer service. Following the successful 
reorganisation of our stores araitfansfonnation of 
our product range, we are now esbanding nationaliy- 
Your management skills will enable you to contribute 
significantly tothe company's progression and you 
couW soon be managing your own store. 

h customer servtae.staff development 
artoisingartoadministration. At least 4 years’ 
high street refafl management experience is 
essehtiEi Preferred age 24-30. 

As part of the successful Habitat/M othercare Group 

Chri^mas bonus. 

Can you deliver 

JIT solutions? 

Helping industry to confront the challenges of performance and 
productivity is a major task of Coopers & Lybrand Associates’ involvement in the 
manufacturing sector. As the UK's largest and most rapidly expan ding firm of 
management consultants our role extends to every area of the manufecturing 
environment Using the Just-In-Time philosophy as a vehicle for improving 
overall manufacturing and delivery performance, our consultants are assisting 
companies to maintain their competitive advantage in the national and 
international marketplace. 

Continued expansion has meant that we need additional consultants to 
join our Just-In-Time manufacturing group. Our need is for individuals who can 
identify and manage radical operational changes aimed at sig nifican tly improving 
lead times, quality and producing greater product flexibility. Supported by a 
systematic approach and a proven implementation methodology we use JIT 
philosophies to improve performance throughout the whole manufacturing area 
- giving our clients the competitive edge necessary for survival in todays fast- 
moving business world. 

Aged 25 to 35 with a degree in engineering or a related discipline, your 
current position will be in manufacturing or materials manag ement or manu- 
facturing systems. Strong line experience in manufacturing with the emphasis 
on managing change will be complemented by good communication and 
leadership skills. 

Working as a consultant you can expect an excellent remuneration 
package plus car. Match up to our requirements and you can anticipate rapid 
career development. If JIT area in which you can deliver solutions, please 
send a full career resume, including a daytime telephone number and quoting 
Ref T03/05 to Raymond Jewitt, Coopers & Lybrand Associates, Plumtree Cour 
London EC4A 4HT 



For business committed to growth. 


Many of us are so involved with the jobs we're doing and 
the responsibilities we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whether we are making full use of our potential. 

We are working because we have to — we have 

facts of Ufa 

■ Another feet is that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just don't know what 
to do about it 

Chusid Lander has changed ad that 

We are a group of specialist career consultants who 
sole function is to guide executives and professional 
people and help them achieve their individual objective 
We guarantee that we will commit ourtime and effc 
until you are satisfied that your career objectives have 
been realised 

For thirty years we have been striving for the best 
New it's yourtuml 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Administrator Ref A/t/i 35/37 Rtzroy Street, 

London W1P 5AF - enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 061-228 ODSj 

BIRMINGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTWGHAM 094937911 
BRISTOL 027222367 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 


to join the Msmationdl Artist Pmnwtoi and -PM 

IteparimsfAta te HAMBURG HEAD OFR<^-.__ 

W6 offer an vceSem sateyin:DBU^maite^e«wn^ 
iheusual benefits associated wtm working for an international 

ajm ^^rqHnn e. ba atftfressecl to' Vomica splcec 



. baaed to North Sumy 
Attractive eatery plus benefit* 

This new senior, appointment is due to the growth of the 
Company and the &uccassful applicant who will report to 
the General Manager, wffi take- full responsJMrty for an 
aspects of administration including the maintenance of 
data base record systems, andrfor liaison whh the pur- 
chasing and out by toe 


Although technical Knowledge is nat fBquTrsd, knowledge 
of 'accounting and familiarity. wHhths.uss of nticrocom- 
puier hardware and. software la essential, as b relevant 
experience, a high degree of commitment and fha ability 
to maintain good relations with toe Company’s cus- 
’ tamers, suppliers and staff. .. 

Applicants should seruta detaSed tv. fneJufflng current 
sataqrto: • 

PAE, SERVICES 72 Farm Lm LondoivSW& 10 A 

S.S.A.F.A. - Soldiers', Sailors' 
and Airmen's Families Association 

jbnK cdbff pmtioiliriy ttoicmc 10 sodcqbc icoentiy milled 


Fofi CV. «K lb StactB3h SSJLT A, U-1S OU Qm St, 

TA 01-4X2 9231. . 


(Eamings Potential In Excess of £20,000+ 

Wa require an experienced Lettings Negotia- 
tor/Manager to help set up the New Lettings 
Division in our established St John’s Wood 
Office. Applicants must have a proven track 
record. A^piy to confidence to 

Mr Jonathan Kern, Director, 
LTD, . 

16 Perk Road, London NW1. 

TeL: 01-402 9494 . 

Marketing Services 

Ash ridge, the world's leading management centre, is looking for a progressive 
Marketing Sendees Manager to pin the team responsible for toe College's 
marketing and public relations. 

Ashridge provides residential management programmes and an expanding 
range of related services to corporate clients around toe world. The Marketing 
Services Manager is responsible for toe planning, progressing and financial 
control of three vital areas: direct mail, public relations and advertising. 

This is a challenging opportunity for a marketing professional with experience 
in a busi ness-to-busi n ess environment, proven skills in promotional writing and 
the management of design and print The ability to contribute to marketing policy 
is vital, as is the presence and organisation to manage external suppliers and 
succeed in an ambitious and demanding organisation. 

Ashridge provides a stimulating working environment with excellent facilities 
and attractive conditions of employment Salary is negotiable. 

Please apply by submitting a curriculum vitae to: Personnel Department, 
Ashridge Management College, Berkhamsted, Herts HP4 INS. Telephone: 
Little Gaddesdeh (044 284) 2491. 








• WJ I « 



to 08,000 + benefits 

Oar client, an internationally erpanriing 
organisation providing finanrfal and computer 
services in the specialised area of futures 
contracts, is seeking an efficient Company 
Secretary, to be based at the Group’s head office 
in London. 

You will attend Board meetings and be respon- 
sible for the usual statutory duties. Additionally, 
you will service a number of subsidiary board 
meetings which will enable you to become 
familiar with all aspects of die company’s h t»ri - 
ness thus enhancing your own caira- development. 
You must be a professionally-qualified Compan y 
Secretary, -preferably with experience in a 
financial or international environment, able to 
communicate effectively and have the personal 
qualities necessary to gain the respect of top 

A comprehensive benefits package includes a 
n-c pension, an immediate mortgage subsidy, 
free PPP and bonus. 

Candidates, male or female, should apply in con- 
fidence, enclosing CVs to Douglas Atkins, quoting 
reference 339. 

■w— v ~w-v * Management & 

I ■ |— c J\ Recruitment Consultants 
1 J/ l 19 Britton Street 
—— 7 — — London EC1M 5NQ 

ASSOCIATES LTD. Tel: (01) 250 0003. 







Applications are invited for the above 
Consultant posts. Higher qualifications and 
experience in speciality essential. 
Female Doctors preferred. Unique 
opportunity to work in a modem small 
hospital and to participate in educational 
training and preventative programmes 
throughout the Sultanate. 

Ideal for established consultants either as 
two year secondment or longer period pre- 

Dental facilities are excellent. The post will 
be suitable for a General Dental Surgeon 
with a minimum of three years dental 

Salary commensurate with experience. 
Attractive ambience and excellent housing, 
travel and amonity benefits. 

Interviews London, end of January 

Applications to Box No. JO 383 

Personnel Officer 
- Recruitment 


A leading City Institution requires a 
graduate Personnel Specialist with at least 

two years experience in recruitment to join 
a very busv department. 

a very busy department 
The position would suit candidates aged 
25-30 wishing-tQ progress within the 
personnel function and gain experience in 
a fast-moving, highly professional 

7b discuss this vacancy further, call 
Lynette Belcher on 07 -588 4303. 





(Director designate) 

NW England - A rare oppo rt u nity has arisen to join am- 
bitious ami forward thinking optical group. This demand- 
ing position requires a person of exceptional calibre and 
enthusiasm reflected in the salary and associate benefits. 

Age 25-39 group. 


Box 171* 



Not looking fora new job! 

Keble CoIlege,Qxfbr^ 
Atlas Research Fellowship 

— probably because, as an experienced recruiter, you 
are already successful and committed to develop that 
success. So why consider joining Management Personnel? 

• a quality client list developed over 20 years. ■ 

• prestigious offices in the West End, Guildford, Windsor 
and St Albans. 

• a new office about to open in the City. 

• a high calibre team of specialist consultants. 

• an unrivalled benefits package which includes a high 

Ckmiraliaparmeis^pw^Kcblc College fflvBe a PPg cattOD * 
tiuceeyeais^hki may be extended 

1 October 1986. _ > rf a- . 

The stipend will depend On the age nod cro&fate 

•elected hot wfll be wsdrin the broad rang* &****&°^ 

Oxgyd OXt 

whom applications should be submitted not latex than Zijmamy 39W. 

tributary pension, life, health & sickness insurance. 
Perhaps most important of all, you will be allowed the 
freedom to develop your career in a mature, supportive 
atmosphere. Keen to learn more? Then telephone me, 

Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager. * 

Rutherford Applefon 

Management Personnel 

RecmftnrentSdedim & Search 

2SwriowPtec«, London W1R7AA. 

Tofaptam: 01*408 IfiNMiiiMiiiwnai 


The Royal Theatre and Orchestra, Copenhagen, invites applications for 
the position of 


from 1st August, 1986. 

The Choirmaster is responsible for the daily organization of the rehearsals of the 
choir, and the musical rehearsals of the repertoire of the choir, rehearsing new 
performances as well as performances already m the repertoire. 

The Choirmaster is obliged to take day and evening rehearsals as well as 
direction behind the stage during performances. 

Salary according to the official scale (grade 34) amounts to 236.997 Danish 
Kroner a year. Employment with a pension may later be possible. 

Applicants must be prepared for an audition of Greeting choir rehearsals before 
employment can take place. 

Submit tetter of application and detailed curriculum vitae before 1st February 
1986, to: 

Artistic and Managing Director of the Royal Theatre and O r chestra 
Mr Henrflc Bering Lusfaerg 
Postbox 2185, DK-1017 Copenhagen K. Denmark 

The Penguin Publishing Group, which includes Hamish HawJ&ift. 

MchaelJosg^F^birdSph^andTBLCantfierleithasa , . • 

vacancy for an additional Personnel Manages The position wffl m 
locatedatthe Group’s new London Offices in Kensington, 

London W 8 . 

Our requiremenfe are more Jfcety to be for practical experience 

rather than an emphasis on professional quaBficaSoaThe salary 
and remuneration package wffl reflect the importance of toe 
position. . 

Please write enclosing details 
of previous experience to: 

John Broom, 

Group Personnel Director, 
Penguin P u bfi sh in g Group, 
Bath Road, . - 
Harmo nd wtfort h, 

Middlesex UB70QA. 


Young Purchasing 



An excellent opportunity to 
develop your career in a fast moving 
commercial environment 


WATFORD {Negotiable 

Dow is an international chemical company, 
with a European operation which has over 
60 sales offices, 7 technical centres and 
more than 25 manufacturing sites producing 
2000 products. Our commercial activities 
cover chemicals, plastics, chemical 
specialities, agricultural chemicals and 
pharmaceutical products, with annual sales 
exceerfing 1 billion dollars. 

A vacancy now exists in our new UK 
Headquarters in Staines lor a Services and 
Fleet Administration Manager Reporting to 
the UK Purchasing Manager, you wffl be 
responsible for Company car fleet 
negotiations for some 300 cars, including 
those of our subsidiary companies Merrefl 
Dow Pharmaceuticals Limited and Murphy 
Chemicals Limited. \bu win also negotiate 
the supply of the Company's UK computer 
requirements, office supplies and services. 

and be responsible forthe day-to-day 
administration of a headquarters building 
housing 110 people. 

Candidates should be graduates 
(preferably in a technical or scientific 
discipline) aged between 24 and 28, with 
experience in a commercial purchasing 

- In addition to an excellent starting salary, ' 
and the usual benefits of a large organisation 
including pension scheme, medical 
insurance and relocation assistance where 
appropriate, we offer excellent career 
devdopment opportunity within this truly 
international company. 

. Please apply by sending a fuN clv to: 

Mrs Diana M. Helmet Personnel Manager 
Dow Chemical Company Ltd; 

Stana Race, Fairfield Avenue, Staines, 

Middx 7WI84SX. 

Accountancy Perroenrl is Out naeAtt leader in 
the specialist r eciwUreuit -el ntr a wrtwift and 
their staff at «fl levels fax ewaraerce, iadttstry and 
public practice. Committed to sssteaed growth, 
we offer sound training leafing rapidly Into an 
aap ti imgy pregrtaare cantor sfrncfane with 
aB promotion from within, tattradhig stimulating 
and rewarding responsfl fitks. To join one oi ora: 
flcctnOil pnfotianal teams yon should be 21- 
30^ srif-ootivsted and weft educated; ideally (tat 
not : essentially) - with some accountancy 

Contact Richard Wallace on 01-834 0489, 
A immi t u cy Personnel, 7 Glen Houses Stag 
Price, London, SW1E SAD. 





c. £14,000 

We are looking, for someone with the ability to 
organise and lead a small sales force. 

This is an attractive career opportunity for an 
ambitious sales ’orientated person with a proven 
track record. ... 

The Company is' a small rapidly expanding sub- 
sidiary of an established international Company in 
the wholesale optical field. 

A knowledge of the product would be an advan- 
tage, however this is not essential as full training 
will be given. 

Applications should be made in writing giving full 
career details and salary. Ail applications will be 
treated in confidence. 

Write to Box 1398N The Times. 

ACGL seeks to appoint a director upon the retirement 
of the present holder of the position. ACGL offers sup- 
port, irKAidingfiekJwDrk, information aixi training, to 
60-70 independent local groups of the Age Concern 
movement, which provide services for efatorty people 
throughout Greater London, ft also undertakes inde- 
pendent and innovative projects. 

. The- Director is the chief officer of ACGL arid is- 
•: response for She overall management of 20 fuff or 
■i .part-time staff and for a budget of some £250,000. 

■ The successful candidate wffl be required to maintain 
effective relationships with many London-wide 

■ statutory and voluntary organizations. .... . : v . 

ACGL is an equal opportunities employer. ; . 

.Further detaSs may' be obtained from Richard 

' Hamper, Chairman ACGL, 27 Tavistock Square, 

• LonckmWC1SHH,towhcxn'appScationsforthepost 

should be made not later than 31 January 1988. 

With 120 personnel and committed to ex pans i o n, 
our client Is a' leader in Interior Design & Fabric & 
Furniture supply and Production. From August 
1986 their new Headquarters win be at Ntoe pns, 
SW 8 . 

An experienced Administrator, aged between 27- 
35 who is familiar with Employment Law, modem 
management techniques arxf capabte of financial 
accountability for a substantial cost centre is now 
sought The appointee wffl ptay a major role In the 
commissioning of the new offices and wfll report 
to the Company Secretary. This Important man- 
agement post needs flexibility and stamina to 
addition to Jntervfewmg/welfare experience arid 
war appeal to a personnel professional who 
thriveson variety. • 

pw abffity to type Is required but support is given 
from a Secretarial Assistant An attractive salary, 
profit-share, Pension and life Assurance is of- 

ti 't ,«re j.-i j-v-mviii ' 

number to Miss Lana Jeters, Middleton Jeffers 
Recruitment LtcL, 25 HanovBr Square, London 


Raqrireti tw welt established office of leading torim 
Estate Agents. 

TTw apjjflcart must be experienced in letting ftjgfa dm 
naUmatlpnpuijfjB Umfam. Ability fe lead amlmafiv- 

remuneration package tadufSeg feemrin 
»nuri**foB aid car. 


International advertising 

Please reply Box 2260W 
The Times 

in Netting Hil requires responsible par- 
son for reception work. Hotel experience 
not necessary but must be numerate 
under pressure, some typing useful & 
foreign languages a definite advantage. 
For further details phone Eva on 727 

For an intern a tio nal pubfiahfng company 
requked woriong principally in 
Applicant must be fluent, in French and 
■ possibly in Italian plus have experience 
in advertising sales. 

This position wfll be based in central 
London. Good-salary and car prqtided. 
. - Immediate start preferred. 

ComactBoxItooSeSL The Times. 

twi icr: 

Trade 01-278 9161/5 

sutsammt ^t»es/m*ar 

£dk*tmtm*}n ttnsxr*mmi»KmnitK%AFK Mk mnm «*7*C*M B« 
AppBanca* tofa^thetoadtafl nenw hi ttw fltod of p ro tec ti on aytame. 

'' THORN EM PfiOTECH to anew company - wttti newHaas -new 
tadawtogy-nawpeod ucla -na w aart lc aa-epdawfraaMnflypaw 
. togrowtfiand to irr a OT . * - 

Vb require rorie nc idSalc^ — 

Fta Sto a aEn ghe wi -BaadbgAfafa^ , 

\ • Miimf Bii— rnahmi -newtinprOadord ; .y. ; 

’ Waatao hayeaucancyjtara _ _\\ 

Ttelnaafta S alat Eh afitoar-tocow Wa rt .T 
. tfym&aln your m&twanties. can donnnstmta a auccstsMtiadc record - 
s*^T^o^efed^<ya»na. txaafadthpvttH back-up wrvteo ea n n t al 
to txratyfe evaporation - thfcfa whatwe c*i offer you. 

V*des^naniitarturftandireWth8mo«ix«»pntfaaSMf«noe<rf - 

wotatty and Are detection systems In ttteepuritry arid^ Hfln country's 
nwitat leaders, we hava toe largest, most experienced service oraartisition 
• • in the UK. * ; . . 

' ; .- i'»; . v . . v ■ ' 

Canyou match our property plans 

■' '•■imcoiuKrimjvsxttA 



\ VL’~ 

wishes to recruit a 


onatanporarycontractasarcse^^ • 

" QualfficatiooK 

□ qualified in English, Scob or Northern Irish law (Honours degree in Law) ; 

□ 2 yeats’experieiice in legal research; □ good knowledge oflawof European 

OfflmiumtiK; □goodfcdwiedgeirffTaidi;' , -'/• 
• . andcompaSpgdocunieptatioa 

Tlw snccessfid candidate wxDhe eoiplc^ed bn a aMitiact lasting in prindple for 12 
months from April/May 1986*. Salary apprtKinjafcly 102,281 Belgian francs net 
1 : <tf tti per month! . 

Applications accompanied by a detailed curriculum vitae, am to be posted to the 
ftraonnel Division, Courtof Justice erf tbeEuropean Co mmuni ties, 
L-29251iiKnibopiRDOtlaterlhan 31st January 1986, 

■' ! jnefaaMx by WpsSpredjMA^'. 

. * Tbc appointment snot a prefitnnBjy. to apenna|ientappcHntment 
! as aaestabIMiedoiBciiL: 

S. : . v 

; SianelFedwarCyrmi . . 

The position of Chief Engineer atS4C has become vacant This 
is a senior management post within the Welsh Fourth Channel 
Authority. It canto ^resfxin^litx lbr mr^ng msstablish^ 
engineering department and ensuring the quafityi continuity and 
. development of the channel’s Technics Operations which in- 
clude transmission, production and post production facfflttes. 

Candidates should have extensive experience in broadcast tele* 
vision and a positive approach to current and fiitore trends. 

Further details and appSction form bn reqaMt franc 
_ Mrs Melr Owen, 

• s^' Sopite Ckiw, OmWIvCFI flXY. . ’• 

(TeL 0222/43421) •: 

. (Ctoslngdate January24) . 

Opportunities in Management 

. Coopers & Lyhrand .is the UKfc largest and fastest-growing firm of chartered 
accountants and management consultants. 

. With a major London presence and 28 regional offices, our space requirements demand 
efficient planning and professional management 

We now seek a property m a n ager who will almost certainly be a chartered surveyor 
currently working in commerce or industry who is ready to take on this senior management 
role as his next career challenge. 

"¥bur in-depth professional knowledge and well-developed inter-personal skills give 
you the confidence and ability to help senior management define their space needs, to 
negotiate effectively with landlords and developers and liaise with the firrnS professional 
advisors on all facets of managing a diverse property portfolio. 

Based in the City you will manage a small in-house team and be prepared to travel 
regularly' to our various regional locations. 

Match up to our requirements and you can expect a remuneration package of not less 
than j£22,000 plus car together with an excellent opportunity to develop your career 

High quality house services. 

•We have redefined the management roles in our central administration and now seek a 
facilities manager who will assume responsibility for the provision of all house services in our 
City offices which accommodate over 2000 staff. 

We recognise that the quality of house services impinges on all aspects of our business. 
As an experienced administrator or office services manager; you will have the knowledge and 
skills to keep the whole range of services provided under constant review, ensuring they 
remain efficient, reliable, appropriate and flexible. 

You will also be concerned with space reallocation within the London offices, the 
maintenance of health and safety standards and security arrangements in several London 

As a professional adminis trator; you can expect an excellent salary and benefit from 
working with an enthuaastic team committed to achieving high standards of service. 

Iryou think your experience qualifies you for either of the above positions, send a full 
caireer resume with daytime telephone number; quoting Ref T00/20 to Roger Reeves. 
Coopers & Lybrand, Plumtree Court, London EC4A 4HT. 



For business committed to growth. 


circa £12.5k 

SGS isa unique multi-national Company with operations in 14Bcountries, 
providing epeclalistsupenpslon end quality and, quantity control services - 
covering' virtually every branch of industry and trade.ihroughout the world. 

To continue the groups programme of expansion and.d (versification the 
UK and overseas, a number of talented people are needed in their mid to late 
twenties with a good first degree in a numerate subfectwffi sound business 
experience. An MBA would be an advantage, but above all things, personality, 
strength of character and entrepreneurial flair are predominant requirements. 

. A short induction period will lead to assignments Itf subadlary co mpanies 
and division titrou^ut the UK covering. fw exanyfe pmfl tinprovaiiiBnt 
markatingstudiss and design of operating and administrative systems. ancLbe 
followed, after ft months, by a substantive position eftherin the UK or an . 
overseas affifiate.: . . . 

Salaries are unfikety to be a bamer for exceptional candidates. ^ . 

' Please send a full CV. deluding salary progression knd recent photograph, to: 
Roger Peel, SGS Inspection Services United. Societe Generale de Surveillance. 
Orchard Lea.Wmkfield, Wmdsqc Berks SL4 4RT. 

charity which is to launch a msjor appeal in 
late 1986. 

The role is to plan and direct the appeal 
, and thereafter to direct the fundraising for 

White experience in lar^-scak 
success in marit^ing/j^anniDgand 
otganizingacomro^daJopciation could be 
e^iaDyrdevant • 

Tlteappointnfent is based in London, • 
Salary fcfr dtscusaon in £15,000/18,000 

Rease send personal details in 
confidence to: Geoffrey Ehns, 


Victoria House, Southampton Rov^ 

London WC1B 4DH. 

Young Commercially minded 
Engineers & Quantity Surveyors 

Camberiey circa £13,000 + car 

The UK arm of Societe Generale de Surveillance, an outstandingly 
successful multi-national, concerned with supervising international trade, 
have a number of openings forEngineers to manage a team of specialists 
concerned with the evaluation of international engineering projects 

Probably around 30 with a background in Project Engineering. Surveying 
or purchasing related to major turnkey projects, together with good degree ur 
professional qualification. You will need to have a flair for analysis, experience 
of project pricing and be skilled negotiators. Stature, presence and 
diplomacy, allied to drive and personality, with a willingness to consider 
eventual overseas assignment are paramount 

The comprehensive package will include assistance with relocation costs 
. and prospects for advancement are outstanding in this exerting international 

Please send a full CV to: R. H. Peel, SGS Inspection Services Limited. 
Orchard Lea, Winkfield, Nr Windsor. Berks SL44RT 




A firm commitment to de- 
velop your career. Thafs 
what aided Dunbar is cur- 
rently offering to men and 
women who are equally 
committed to success. 

Last year alone we spent 
over £ 2 , 000,000 on training 
programmes for our Sales 
Associates and many of 
them went on to reap the 

For an Interview or farther 
details ettfl PETER 
RICHARDS, on 01-637 
7200. London Home 'Coun- 
ties or B9 Hantooh-Alan on 

Mtidfe Easton pwt apadBctfyfcrthaeites of cWrtoutlon pfenning, port 

manaoenttrfWbnn^ >- 

functions as requlrnl ' . 

An ab«y to ptojwdcomrmale^QBm under p nia au r e,l»e to ai «N arid 
youahoiidhMatlWMtlm v MvyT D ca rt BxpertoicalntheBrtrylrekitttoiY; 
7 M*«houU]ni*xtodda procai^ 


u w nberaNpofantoamaltorirtyraCOflnbedproItogloriiatxxlyrBMBdto 

artpptog w x n rarqxirt.- 

mfarwioi MS1_«nd oMng • 



A Route to Marketing Management 
To £16K + Car 

Our chants, respected wodd-wfda fca: th^r defence 
products, 'wish to expand Thdr weapon systems 
TYMTtott ing tp am. An it mwwh, h ram nippratnntty hwn 
flyfatm Iftf fiwnftftne wW \ rarrrwtt ateta mnic and/ pf 

tprihmiral wiarfruting . 

If you are the right person then this Is a career wMch 
could lead to top management ami right from the 
start yoa^ will be responsible fa substantial sections 
of the business. 

You should be qualified to degree level in a scientific 
riiflripBna andbara at toast 10 years' Rnqfn fw ri pg ' 
experience behind yon. Articulate and dedicated, you 
will be able to comnranlcaie eflscbvaiy with dodston 
makers in the defence industry in tits UK and abroad 


Por an Inidal and confidential interview contact: 

Don Webber MSB App ointments, 
Sfaoltan House, AlenmitntGoiizt. 
Wokfngtem, Batin KH1 
Tel; 0734 776333, 



Chief Executives, 

Managing Directors, 


Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Finance Executives. 




35 New Broad Street:, London EC2IVI 1INJH 
To!: 01*588 35SG or OI-SBB 35"7G 
Telex INJo.BBTST^.Fax No.01-S38 9210 

A demanding appointment - scope to move up to position of Information Systems Manager ft 18-24 months 



£28,000 - £38,000 + MORGAGE 


We invite applications from candidates, aged 32-40, who have acquired at least 7 years’ practical operating systems experi- 
ence and at least 3 years either heading up, or as the number 2 of the operating systems within a user environment in a major 
corporation or financial institution. Reporting will be to the Information Systems Manager, Responsibilities wfll cover, through 
a team of 30+, the day-to-day efficient running of the Bank's computer systems and die provision of systems technical sup- 
port involving the updating, improvement and maintenance of the systems software. The abUHy to plan effectively, manage 
and set commercial priorities and meet deadlines Is important Initial remuneration negotiable, £28,000 - £38,000 + car, subsi- 
dised mortgage, contributory pension, free Hfe assurance, free family BUPA, assistance with removal expenses if necessary. 
Applications in strict confidence under reference CSM439S/TT, to the Managing Director 




TELEPHONE: 01-588 3588 or 01-588 3576. TELEX: 887374. FAX: 01-538 9218. 
Please only contact us If yen are applying for the above position. 

Phillips Petroleum 

The Performance Company 




VfcTiaf experience is required to be our SYSTEMSTRAINING MANAGER? 
Please read on and you will Jmow if it is YOU. 

A good ‘A’ level standard of education with previous training experience 
together with a working knowledge of computers or systems literacy The . 
development of systems after the design stage will give you a chance to show 
your skills. Retail background desirable. 

This is a key position requiring dose liaison with our 13 department stores 
throughout die countrv where seminar? and training courses rake place, all of 
which need detailed planning and organisation as well as the writing of . 
training manuals. Although based in Hacbbridge, Surrey this is nora 
deskbound job. 

Our present Systems Training Manager leaves this month cm maternity 
leave and although exercising her option to return, ir is unlikely that she will 
do so after the birth in April so it might be early summer before the ‘designate’ 
is dropped. Apart tram a competitive salarv and company car, fringe benefits 
include generous discounts, subsidised staff restaurants etc. Please send a 
derailed cv including salary progression, or telephone for an application form 
to Mrs C A Reynolds, Personnel Manager. 


Caltech Industries, a dynamic, young, English export 
Company, are suppliers of Decorative Hardware IP the 
DIY Trade Worldwide. The Company has the following 
vacancy with the opening of its new offices in Como. 

circa £15,000 p^. + Free Accommodation 

An exciting opportunity for a senior position to this fast 
growing Company as an Administration Manager to head 
up our new office. This position will appeal to a young, 
unattached person wishing to further their career (the 
posslbfflty exists of a directorship for the right person). 
The successful applicant will Ideally be aged between Si- 
35 and have a good working knowledge of Kalian and 
English. A sound knowledge of 'accounting systems and 
procedures and experience of computers are essential. ' 
Apply in writing to: 


Caltech Industries Ltd, 

10 Cutfbrd Gardens, 

Stoane Square, London SW3 
(Tel: 01-581 1980) 


(part-time post) 

Salary: £13.002 p^L (Indusivo of London Weighting) pro rain 

The Electricity Consumers' Caunci ta-an Independent statutory 
tody financed : by tin Department of Trade and Industry to r^>- 
resent the interest of A electricity usereln England and Wale* tt 
national level. 

The Poficy Officer Wffl work as part of a smal team of poEcy stiff. 
He/she wB handle a range of consumer and legal responstbffifies 
tor the Council and wS be Involved In developing its pofides on 
consumer service and consumer law Issues. 

Candidates wfB preferably have considerable experience in con- 
sumer advice and a background in consumer taw and/or pubBc 
administration. Strong written and verbal communication skflb a 
essential and experience in committee work would be an advan- 

The post is ottered tor 2!hours per week. 

Further particulars may be obtained from: 

Bectrtaty Consumers' Council Brook House, 2-18 Torrington 

Place. London WDIE7LI- Telephone: 01-638 5703 

Written appficatfons should then be submitted by a January 1988' 

■ Vii 


PO Box 4. 190 London Rd.Hackbridgei 
Surrey SM67R TU 01-6694488 



A sales assistant is required immediately aged 20-25 to 
work in a small Mayfair shop selling country /shooting 
clothes and accessories. Previous experience in selling 
preferred, but not essential. Highest references necessary. 
Salary commensurate with experience. • 
Please apply to Mrs Bronstein, 
Telephone: 01-499 1801. 

A major new opportunity arises with a 
leading firm of International Chartered 
Surveyors for a journalist with a 
property or financial background.. - 

Apply with CV to: 

Box 2265 W The Times 

to the executive 




£xpanding Marketing Company requires tele- 
sales staff for new west Bid offices. If you’re 
ambitious enthusiasSCt Setf-motivated and 
need to earn £250 per week plus. . 


A pan-time appointment in Spring 1986. Responsible for 
financial and commercial aspects of organising and staging 
this major International event, together with 
of Stall; Officials and Competitors. Applicants shonld .be 
aged forty/fifty and Jtive within daily travelling distance of 

InteriExec is the organisation special- 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

InterExetfs qualified specialist staflj 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a mutually exploratory meeting telephone: 

London ‘Sf 01-930 504148 

19 Charing Cross Road, WC2. 

Birmingham ® 021-632 5648 

The Rotunda, New Sqcec. 

Bristol ® 0272 277315 

30 Baldwin Street. 

Edinburgh ® 031-226 5680 

47a George Street. 

Leeds *S* 0532 450243 

12 Sr. Paul's Street. 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Faulkner House, Faulkner Str ee t. rv 

who will be responsible for the 
administration function of a 
leading Venture Capital Investment 

Responsibilities will include 
statutory reporting, Jiason with board 
members' and shareholders, legal 
documentation and related matters 
associated with investments. 

The job entails the detailed 
monitoring of a rapidly growing 
portfolio of expanding companies in 
the technology sector. 

A legal or other professional 
qualification would be preferred. 

A competitive salaiy package will 

Please reply in writing with your cv to: 

TJ.E. Church, 

Advent Ltd., _ 

25 Buckingham Gate, 
London SW1E6LD. 

Apply with CV and details of referees by 22 January to 

Sir Giles Floyd, 

Btoghtey Estate Office, 


Lincolnshire PE9 2LQ. 



Join one of .St John’s Wood's most successful 
teams if you are aged 20+, industrious,. highly 
presentable and have a driving ambition to suc- 
ceed. Excellent career opportunities, terrrw. 
according to age and experience, basic." plus 
commission and car allowance. / 

Do NOT write or send CV - telephone me NOW, 
EGot Stonehill, GHland & Co., TeL 01-586 7954. 


REF. 12/25 

We cwiwftr have a vacancy far asi Associate Producer in our 
Production Departnwntat pnalfbrt Grow to work as part of a 
team producing training fikns and video tapes far Kil forces, 
ft is essential tint Die successful appficarft has t 
comprehensive, pracfeal experience m vWeayffin produefim. 

Excellent worteig corafijoni 5 weeks and 2 days annual 
leave. Good -.pension and Ufa assurance scheme. Compton: 

Sala/y dependent upon age and experience. Appflearts, pref- 
erably betow 45 C.V. te 

. . Personnel Maneger, 

CMfont Grove, Qerrards cross, Buds, SL9 STN. 

FteteW* tta UKi teste* 
gwHw fidd msintmsnes 
' cmiifny. ciin mtf y inquire 

«u> ssmecENGtasis 

buffi fat the UK s ad tnm ass, . 
^ eqmhmt of SBC band 
■ srtwwt 

%.dtau pcdtdal<e 
jradcsgc; enmpspy aa and 
■ oppottmtow for. 

. nrtMn* 

Io ffis lbatfastanos calk 



Have you a good Business or Am degree? Or are you just aa smart 
without die paperwork? 

The one who stands oiit 

Is your current job comfortable bui unexating? Can you see dear 
progression ahead? Are yon considering a move, possibly to do your 
own tning? Do you have strpng cldUs as a creative thiakrr, a fausi- 
nen pemmder and “People motxvaun?. Do you believe that to 
achieve fin a nc ial success you've got to be good sad work consist- 
ently hand to o? Then perhaps you should learn more about the pos- 
itron I want to fflL The job today is worth over £20,000 pi +■ bonus 
& car. If you’re the qghi.pereoa you'll soon own part of the com- 
■ party toa Please convince me that a meeting would fie worthwhile. 

. R. Copiey-Sniflh 

19 UdrfMd Road, 

Xew, Surrey, TW9 3JR. - - 

As the most dynamic and progressiva Company in the 
Retafl Catering sector. Vatfa Inns United have rapidly 
achieved a reputation forprofesstonaDsm and innovation. 

Our breathtaking expansion programme which wfif ensure 
contented market leadership now requires that we appomt 
a charismatic creative and totally committed achiever. 

The successful applicant wiR be responsible for the day to 
day control of our highly .successful Calendars Cafe bar 
Restaurants, Chesters Steak and Seafood Restaurants, 
Exchange Bar/ Restaurants and Cafe Barunits.- 

You wfll have a proven track record hi operating multiple, 
retail units, be aged 30-35 and confident in yourgbffity to 
develop Sales through sound 'Hospitaflty Management' 

Write with full Currfcukm Vitae details, including a current 
photograph to: - 

John ELee 

Managing Director 
Vttttohins Limited 
Central House 
1 BaHanfS Lane ~ 
Ftoc hte y . 

London N31UU 



Tte London office sod tixHKMm 

of a taatioft 8nd Strata Jnefin 
oood i French spaMofi.PA/bffics 
aanfijer to taft* tm ttah Landoo 

duties tadafo ovreee tofl ' htafc 
ftancte records, staff aapsrvWon 

and nisuing tee smoote ronatog 
of both the shoenois and tie of- 
fice. Yen must be wM spoten and 

Immfio&iBJy presented; 


Ataiwo. : r' r m ‘X m ”• 

• 01-4S988JZ. 

fa 4 

A Member of the Alfled-Lyons Group 

OH £48,090 

You are ambitious and working as a successful 
sales executive within a large organisation. But 
now you feci that you would like to work is a 
smaller, more iniormal environment where your 
performance is Nkh recognised and rewarded. 


to £14,000- WATFORD 

Tbe gparaflnfl Consnnwr R nmca Department of thfa International Leasing com- 
nB8 ? }3 _, m Admuitslrabai Manager. Respmsfi.iAiKs hcluda revenue, expenfi- 
tara, analy sis, u ptemenfcajgn of ntennl cortaacts. amrafl running of computer 
tadar patvteon of four Saif tovohnd in 8 wide vartely of accorafrig pmewunte. 


a | panjjayy aid accourb Etpertwra essanM. 'A' level accounting or 
Stl ^ s "scossary. busil^basdd In London. Good career poamial. 
jKKJa. nCteB nngi- 

' SCHOOL- •• 

I In London. Bood cseer penidaL 

PEL Communications is one of the UK's fastest 
growing exhibition organisers. Exoansion has cre- 
ate a an opportunity for several executives to join 
us on a self-employed basis to be fully respon- 
sible for the development of new and exciting 
exhibitions. The company philosophy is to allow 
talented and determined managers the freedom 
to thrive within a sophisticated sales and market- 
ing support service. 

- 4344512 

Crone Corkill 


99 Regents Street W1 


£ forested to tfcrir «*r 'RtS 
{ .fan. i Tib ii a efperinft] * 
*t> «*ra m E2C9M pir;| 

'aN' 8 mm share* liaT 

IN managerial | *fta6anMe fan ' 

■in I Ik «-»- — -- ■— * 

acx»unting and finance ± '«■ R HetesfB N 41- ? 

• 1$439I43L - - * 

The rewards are excellent and will ultimately 
include equity participation and profit-sharing. 
Send brief career details to: 

Gsrdfla Co-free 

PEL' CaramMicatiMS ltd. 
Hcrm Room 
PO Box 33W 

Middx HAT 9NU 


Over 90% of our efietu* in Senior 
and Middle Memtownt achieve 
Job isarch saceecs dmuth the 
uan hci t iwdJobtaaihcL 
To find out bow our career 
dcvelafanent and C.V. tenrices no 
maxintiw! yoor career pmgenion. 
contact us am for aa.expbmc(> 
cxetkig -U no cottar obUjpuJcn- 
er send »j>our C.V. 

Ycnr GitAn could depend on h. 



Historic Ocean Grove, 
New Jersey 

Energetic couple, rto children to 

Career Adriwry Services Ltd 
6 Queen Street Mayfair . 
London W1X7PK 
Tefcfl 1-493 264* 

manage a 20 room hotel (no 
meets served), one block from 
ocean. ResponsUfities inducts 
ma intenance ot txakflng and 
garden. Prior experience re- 
quired. Write 

Den.GonoeB, 425 Paric Avenue 
South mSA, New York, New Yoifc 

— ^ = rrx -'- ' B r t T 

AtfMieaaona ara Imitad ftera dutt- 
afaly quaUfled cnodtdttM tar the 
abova peat: hibv rsw £1«13S. 

to Cl7.7na CuaOmr rwvlmyvK Further 


Cha ppy ’ with anw/n vnw. 
teUpecU? Hie oppqrtuniry to 
buud i hoanni vfiji no enriita 
. outlay exists within a top London 
wtuunge. H^h earnings thmag 
ttaming. Graduates, or conv- 

-3^35 with a. good sense of 
humour call Mark fifcLcan on- 
DM910971. ; 






S Trade 01-278 9161/5 


IBP International Inc^.asubsfcfiaiy of a major USA processor of 
agricoftiffal products, is 

5 a ^l^f^^ng^psciafetme succ^sftS'-awft^ wffl 
ba rasponsibte tor tat custaraar contefc , taestofr martat 
peraMion,- expanding - the. customer. ba$£ and Introducing mt 

Candidates -staM be between 25 and3§ years ^ age and have 
a strong interest in totemafi(mai:bQMdny tad™ Branca 
in overseas sales and; exposure' to' agricuitae prbdwts wfll be 
beneficiaL Fteency in at least one major cofifiiental tenauaft is 
required. German language apyis helpfuL ... TT 
IBP offers 

detaffteeir wort, educaflonmid 
cations will be held in confidence. 



~ to serve aiSoa*W:to the r 7 


A knowledge of current and lang-ienn issues in intentional 
afisirs. •- . ... 

Awareness of national and international cbach structures. 

An imdarstanding ofa variety of pofitfcal and idSpons 
points of view. ; . 

The person appointed win req uir e the adniixustrative skxUs 
n e cess ary lor the nmnmg of the Division and witl berespon- 
sibfefor the preparation of pixatioa papas and pcdicy docu- 
ments, including an annual report forjhc Assembly. » 

Candidates must be members in good standing ofa member 
church of the BCC... 

Jcb description and appUcation jorm avaHaMejrom: 

Rev. Basil Amey, 2 EaliraGate, London, SW1W9BL.T«L: 
01-73096U. . " . •*, w * • . r ^ 

Closing dale for applications: Monday 3rd February 1 98fi. ’ 

£20,000-£40,000 (PLUS) OTB; ? 

We are an estabGabed -Reezttitiiie^ GceosuHaurcy . 
whose client base spans v&e whede of &e 
Computer industry Vfe handle ass^mnetttsjoa 
behalf of ariallmrifyfihdprit rnnpprnaan fllnr t'hp 
largest manufacturers. Many of the posts. we are 
asked to advise upon go unadi ywrtisacL ; ; 

If you are a -successful Sales Professional with a 
proven track record within the' micro, mini, 
mainframe or peripheral- market places - who ■«. 
: would like to beiBfonneciof 
topcareef oj^rtiniities^ple^aMtact: 

Kenny liptcn on D1 -938256GTor UteBathurst on 
0734776333. * . 



For its. Mai* Order Department, the successful cantfdate'wOl 
have some knowledge of Theology, typing skills, numeracy + 
an abffoy-totaamto use a computer. He or shewUt also be 
worked very hard Indeed. Salary negotiable. : r 

- TUe Director, SCMBookroom, 

. 26-30 TottenhamRoad. London Ml 4BZ. 



Unit General Managers 

This Authority, which serves a pop<^atfon of 305,800, 

General Managers to- lake personal responelblBy for the 
overall management of Its four Unto. YouwEJ be required to 
ensure the provision of Wgh standards off patient cere ftt the 
following Units of management 



m? turn - - - tttflHSf.lJI 

FOr non-NHS applicants, -the salary Is negotiable wfthfn'the 
stated range: successful cfinfcefns*»OT be- remunerated m 
accordance with HC (85) 9. Appointments are for fixed term 


relocation expenses wflfbe given ^appropriate eases. 
Informal enquires will be .welcomed by -Sir John CadeH, 
District Generi Manager. 

Irntafiy, an Information package, together wftft eppBcalton 
detafls, ar available from Mr. D.‘L. Kitney, Dtttricl Personel 
Officer, Canterbury and Thanet Health Authority, Regency 
Butkflnos. 3 Royal Cresent, . Ra ms ga te, Kent Telephone 


- Community Council ; \ 
DllffiCTOR ' ‘ 

to provide creative leadership fbra«wtf staff, acthe to 
naei development and the development of the v olunta ry 
sector !rt toe county- Interest in rural affairs, adm&*trafiw! 
experience and abifity to work wftb statutory and yokm-, 
tary bodies essenHaL ■. :'.y J - ' 

• ' Salaiy ^^02 -n2;628+ ' 

. nbtvamtrtoutoiy pension.. . - . 1 ■ 

The aj^oktonent be made at or near the minimum 

Full details from 


THfSsRoad, - 
- ' Cambridge, CR2 1NL, . . .. 

. ; Telephone 0223 35066A , ■••= 



j riT Tb £3^500 p.a. Covent Garden 

K t l We're ouljttfdisp&the myth that Brance is dull and dry. 

• I We’d neverW wtffire .we^re if we were either. 

i W f As it is, w^rdoitfi of Bdtan’s most successful and progressive 

J t T v I finance housesj'andwe^e based in Coveit Garden where there's 
more good life per square yard than anywhere else in London. 

- Li t ' - Our Treasury Section deals with the interesting field of 
y | borrowing money, Eroitj the general public,' the wholesale 

\ il deposit zaarket, the acceptance credit maricet or Barclay’s Bank 
.its^ of which wtfrea-pMt.- 

:■ t * , Your-task would be to reconcile, in detail, die transactions and 

i T j maintain telephone contacts with major hanks and financial 
ki.i institutions. 

| | '■ It's an absorbing job and it takes more than a modicum of skill. 

i we . | . . Tlalfs why we’re looking for accounts department experience 

I which we’d prefer was in banking orfinance. 

| Y j If youie interested, plase give Rosemary Bramble a ring on 

I k . i I 01-2421^34, or write to her at: 

t if I*- Mercantile Credit Company Limited, 
k A t . -Elizabethan House, Great Queen Street, London WC2B 5DP. 

| '.'^F | -AnEqual Opportunity Employer 

\ 7 i I Mercantile Credit I ^ 11^ 11 ^ I! ^ 

l f-’ '-r 

'I id hii 

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r- it".:' 

H -i 
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Show offyour st at istics and 
programming skills to their best 
advantage in a tailor-made financial 
career at Abbey National and utilise 
the latest computerised statistical 
modeffing facilities. 

Your main aim wifl be to assist senior 
level statisticians in the Budgets 
Control Department. This will involve 
assisting in statistical analysis, 
developing and maintaining supporting 
software and producing statistical/ 
financial reports for management. 

We provide on-the-job training on the 



1 100 Conversational Time Sharing 
system, MAPPER On-line Database 
system and SperryTink word processing 
package and study for professional 
qualifications is encouraged. 

You will have a degree inastatistics- 
refated subject and experience of 
programming in FORTRAN is 
essential. A good understanding of 
statistical techniques such as 
Regression, Correlation and Time 
Series Analysis is necessary and 
knowledge of applied econometric 
techniques a distinct advantage. 
Prospects are excellent in our rapidly- 
expanding financial departments and 
we provide an excellent range of 

■ f-- 


Please send full career and salary 
details to Mr W Whitehead, 

Abbey National Building Society, 
Abbey House, Baker Street, , 

London NWI 6XL ‘ 

Project Accountant c£15,500 + benefits 

As a result of internal promotion, a vacancy now exists for a recently 
qualified ACA aged late twenties. The company is a well-known organis- 
ation in file field of industrial scientific research with a turnover of £100 
million worldwide. 

The position requires a flexible individual who win liaise with managers 
across the company in the carrying out of ad hoc projects, and in addition 
there will be some statutory accounts work. 

The ideal candidate will preferably hold a scientific degree in addition to 
professional qualifications. Good communication skills are essential, as 
tills is a high visibility role. Promotion prospects are excellent within the 
organisation, ancT benefits are those to be expected ^ 

of a major company. _ 

Z££%2Z noa ' Cn * ^ 

n. mmU 



, m n 



J. Henry Schroder Wago & Co. Limited, one of the 
leading U.K. merchant banks, is looking (or an 
additional Specialist to loin its Taxation Department 
to help keep pace with the rapid changes now taking 
place In merchant banking and in the securities 
industry in London and overseas. 

The successful applicant will probably be in the age 
range of 25-35 and will have gained a measure of 
practical experience in corporate taxation since qual- 
ifying as an inspector ot Taxes or a Chartered 

He or she will be part of a team which looks alter the 
increasingly complex tax affairs of the Schroder 
Group Itserf and of a number of investment companies 
and unit trusts managed by the Sehoder Group, (n 
addition, the new member of the department wHI 
become involved in a broad croseeection of the many 
and varied activities in which a leading merchant 
tank takes part 

A fully competitive salary is offered together with an 
attractive range of benefits including mortgage sub- 
sidy and a generous non-oontributory pension scheme. 
Applications in writing, with full curriculum vitae, 
should be made to: Mr. John R. Lambert, Head of 
Staff and Administration. J. Henry Schroder Mbgg & 
Co. Limited, 120 Cheepside. London EC2V 6DS. 

. Management Services Officer (Finance) 

- Salary from £10,908 + 6% pension supplement 

- Phoenix House’s a national charity with its Head' Office In 
South London. With expansion we now need an experi- 
enced finance , person to taka specific responsiblity for 

^ MtigBfeig 'contrDl reports and 'internal audit A fuB job 
description and .application form is obtainable from: 

Hazel Wiltshire, 
ffloe Manager 
Phoenix House, 

• 84/88 Church Road. 

London SE192EZ, 

Tel: 01-771 6122 

An equal opportunities employer 


C £18.000 + Car . North West London 

C £18>000 + Car . North Wes 

Secomak Air Product^ is the inarket ■ likely to be an ACA. of above avs’age 

l ea d er in a number, of specialist.- ability aged betweep 25 — 35, and will . 

. manufac tured products. The company be expected to play an importantpart . 

is very profitable, has outstanding in shaping the company’s future. An 

management ratios and is a member of ■ early task will be tQTeview and replace ■ 
the highly successful Halma Group. all the company’s computer systems , 

We are seeking a Financial Director to . and equipment ■ 
join a Board that enjoys considerable 

autonomy. The successful candidate The comprehensive package of 
will have manufacturing experience, is ■ benefits includes a share scheme. 

Please reply in strict confidence, with full C.V. to: 

Mr. G Q. Summerhayes, Divisional Chief Executive, 

SPC House, Evington Valley Road, Leicester LE5 5LU 



1 25 High Holborn.-- - London l VC 1 V 6QA ■ Selection Consultants . ' 01-405 3499 


Top quafitgr .manages? am re q uire d to inifllemeni the Gcscnl 
MmWfiwm for taryg Authority fggvenue Bnd- 

^^j&uos fnaJq^nade) nuut be able to demosatmte. 

pimBoriaiaotttf togeorauinfioa. 
(Salary negotiable up to £24, 500) 

(Salary negotiable up to £22,500) 


(Salary negofeiHe up to £22^00) 

Uio alwre pomare fix an iatiU-poiod of 3 ye«- Salaries are car-. 



• (Sakiym)io£23;00m 

(Safcyap to £24/100) 

(Salary npto£29,000)^ 

M i m Mt ww BgtawMtaw il f m B Bri arRfctod Owwm KPtriHrf fiiMre l 
ItaK riwa»«MMi AmfMdir.«B 0772) 7I65M Ett. 27*. FaBfltroa*. 
tn&xnd qg Sartre -ten zwdlibk-fitia DtetoftnoBaeLOOw, fit 07. 

lamary 1986. 



The Authority wishes to appoint an experienced manager able to 
demmstrate imaginative leadership and capacity, for undartaWng 

pereonsl rBspon^ffity tar action. " 

C ommi tm en t to impro ving the qusfity and effectiveness of service 



Commi tm en t to improving the quality 
provision is of parasnountimpoitancB. 
The appointment win initially be for 3 

the appointmant win initially be for 3 yean - renewable by agree- 
ment ‘ •- ' ■ 

Minimum Salary: £19,311 p.a. in acoordanos with current DJLS.S. 

The Unit Qaneral Manager wiU be reaponsiWe to the Ostrfct Man- 

The Unit Saneral Manager wiU be respoiwMe to the Os 
ager for operational anoDudgetary manegement 
The Manner wt take care of all Community Health fac 
espt MidMfofy and Psychiatry) Community Hospitals ar 
Handicap Service for the District population of 298/100. - 

espt MkJwtfwy and Psyi 
Handicap Service for the . . 

Total Beds 375 Budget £11 .000,000 Staff: 997. - . 

Informal discussions wwsomed by Mr l A Donaldsoa District Geft- 
era! Manager, District Offices. Poole Hospital, ttmthorpK'tfd. 
dlesbrough. Cteveiand TS7 ONJ. Teiaphooe (0642) 320000- Further 
m to r m ^ ion and iob description Is avaiabte from rareonnalPepH- 

Healtti facattiaa (ex- 
osprtais and Mental 

Bloomsbury Publishing House requires additional Advertising 
Executives to sal J advertising space to a wide range of 
specialist ptfoflcafions for various professional bodes, ra 
successful applicants wffl be trwiad to comtnunicats at 
Director level and wffl be expected to have flair. Initiative and 
the vuil to succeed to achieve £20,000 per annum. 



HSghwood Publications -fr 


dleabrough. Cteveiand TS7 ONJ. Telephone (06421 320000- Further 
information and job description is avaiabte mam Ewsonnel Depart- 
ment at thaabeve address. 

AppScatton should be made in the form Of a curriculum vdae with 
the names and addresses of two referees, together with a state- 
ment from the canrfidates setting out how they ees the role of the 
Unit General Manager end their own approach tothe post 
Qostog data: 24th January 1988. 

South Tees Health Authority 

AND EARNING £10-£20K? 

We work with prestigious companies who seek young and 
dynamic sales executives (preferably graduates). You must 
be under 3S with at least 1 years’ experience in a commer- 
cial field-sales or tele-sales environment Rewards include 
a high bask: salary plus commission plus car. First class 
training and career development prospects. For immeefiate 
consideration call or sand C.V. to: 

Judy Newman or .-.-Down* 6 " 1 

AfifOfl WflitweQ. 





A guide to 
career development 



It will be a tougher working 
environment for City people when 
the changes in ownership come fully 
Into effect. The ties that used to bind 
the old-boy network are fast falling 
atari, and job-seekers without 
privileges, but with ability and flair, 
may well find new openings, with 
huge rewards for top performance. 

City firms which used to be 
allowed to work without regulation 
or monitoring will be subject to 
scientific measuring of productivity 
and performance. At Samuel Monta- 
gu, targets and goals will be 
established. Individuals will be told 
exactly what is expected of them, 
says Montagu's personnel director, 
Jon Young, and bonuses will be 
agreed accordingly. More import- 
ance will also be placed on job 

Goals will be set at three levels: 
individual, >am and company. 
Performance will be. measured 
against financial targets, and if not 
met, there will be little mercy or 

Part of the .bonus 

polite head-shaking. Mr -Young says . 
banks will have no hestiation about 
moving staff to less well-paid jobs, 
or out altogether. Here merchant 
banks are coming into line with the 
US investment banks, which pay 
fabulous salaries if targets are met, 
and have no compunction about 
firing people if they are not. 

The background is the City 
revolution. Changes in the Stock 
Exchange rales to come into effect ' 
this October, will relax regulations 
about who can own what in the 
City. The result has been 4he 
creation of larger and sharper 
financial services groups that will be 
able to compete better with 'The US 
and Japanese banks 

The financial establishment's 
image as an employer is also 
chan g in g Traditional loyalties and 
divisions will have to be replaced 
and rethought For instance there 
has traditionally been a hierarchy of 
business activities among recruits, 
with preference always going to 
merchant banking then stockbrok- 
ing the least able people aiming for 
retail banking 

The City is realizing that as it 
brings together previously separate 
and fiercely autonomous companies. 

Changes in the City 
should amend working 
practices and remove 
some privileges, to the 
benefit of newcomers. 
Nick Kochan reports 

such divisions need to be patched 
up/ The view 0 F one raw graduate 
recruit that “retail bankers are bores, 
and merchant l pikers are snobs", 
will no longer be tenable in the new 

Personnel managers will have to 
persuade people that the dealing 
functions carried out in group 
treasury, where the retail teak’s 
money is traded around the world, 
are as stretching as those in the 
merchant bank, which deals in 
Eurobonds and other abstruse 
financial intruments. 

They both require the same sort 
of, staff: highly entrepreneurial, 
quick decision-takers who are self- 
motivating but in the past working 
for a retail bank has not had the 
cache of merchant banking 
. Salary structures will reflect the 
changed roles of the individual 1 
companies within the groups. 

These have already come into 
place at Greenwells, the stockbroker 
which Monatgu recenty bought. In 
the past, the stockbrokers earned 
virtually all their money from 
bonuses, and had a small fixed 
salary. Now part of the bonus will be 
guaranteed, bringing the salary into 
line with that of merchant banks. 

Secondment between sections of 
the new, enlarged company will also 
be encouraged, both to give people 
experience of different departments 
and to open up career opportunities 
for people wanting to try a new area. 
There will also be scope for 
promotion across the companies. 

. -Training is also being improved 
in the financial sector. It used to be 
limited to technical and business 
procedures. But now personnel' 
managers in the City are seeking io 
train managers who have a wider 
experience of the business as a 
whole, rather than just of one 
department This has been necessi- 
tated by the increasing size of the 

Montagu for example has grown 
tenfold in the past 20 years. But Mr 

Young believes there will never be a 
place for the -purely generalist 
manager in the City. This is because 
big decisions about deals or currency 
transactions have to be taken at the 
top level. 

Trai n i ng given to new recuits, 
something non-existent four or five 
years ago, is developing apace, as the 
City develops personnel and man- 
agement structures. It lasts two 
years, and includes attending 
courses at the London Business 
School, as well as tours of the 
company's departments. 

The competition for a job in a 
merchant bank is severe. A thousand 
graduates applied to Montagu last 
year and of those, only 80 ' were 
shortlisted for a mere 22 jobs. 
However, in the new banking 
structure there may be hope for the 
shortlisted rejects because oppor- 
tunities will be offered in other parts 
of the Midland group. 

Mr Young says that a strict 
meritocracy now operates in the 

Bumpy rides on the 
gravy train 

City. His bank goes outside Ox- 
bridge Tor half- of its 22 "annual 
recruits, but requires nine O-lcvels 
at A or B grades, three of four A- 
levels, a good honours degree and 
experience of “working in structured 
environments and getting on with a 
wide spread of people". 

At least that's the c laim, although 
it is with some regret that Mr Young 
admits that he missed recruiting the 
head girl of Roedean to Sam uel 
Montagu last year. 

The rewards for succeeding at 
banking are mouth-watering. Re- 
cruits come in at £9,000 to £10,000 a 
year, figures which compare badly 
with the £14,000 offered to raw 
recruits at US investment banks, but 
within two years the young gradu- 
ates should have doubled their 
salaries, and if they are successful, 
before they are 3u they will be 
assistant directors, earning £25,000 
to £35,000. 

With canting potential of this 
magnitude, it seems likely that City 
careers will go on drawing the 
crowds for applicants that they 
always have done. But it is a 
reasonable guess that, the future ride 
on this gravy train will be a lot 
choppier, and less comfortable. 



We have an opening for 3 ambitious, career-minded individuals, aged 23+, in the exciting world of finance and 
investment Essentials are self-motivation, application to hard work, and ability to absorb new ideas rapidly in 
wide-ranging fields, inefuding Taxation, Investments, Insurance, Mortgage and Pensions. 

This is a highly rewarding opportunity with excellent promotion prospects due to our aggressive expansion 
programme over the next six months. 

In the first instance please telephone 01-240 2118 and speak to Susan Toogood. 

For further details or write with full CV to: 

Susan Toogood 
F.P.S. (Management) Ltd., 

12-13 Henrietta Street, 

Covent Garden, London WC2E 8LH. 


Account Officer c£23,000 

An international bank is developing 
relationships with European corporate 
entities. It seeks an additional executive 
who offers extensive credit experience as 
wall as fluency in a second language to 
develop a career in the marketing of trade 

Ref: NM1908 

Corporate Dealer £20,000+ 

If you are good at generating FOREX 
business, particularly with new clients, a 
reputable International banking group 
would like to hear from you. You are 
probably aged 25 to 28 with good 
experience of FOREX products, including 

Ref: NM 1823 

Corporate Finance c£20,000 

Prestigious merchant bank seeks a 
graduate ACA to develop a career in all 
aspects of loans, syndications, 
acceptances etc. Enthusiasm and 
ambition will be amply rewarded. 

Ref: NM1738 

Credit Officer c£ 14,000 

Leading European bank is recruiting for a 
person who offers experience of loan ' 
administration and credit analysis to 
become involved in all aspects of Credit 
and Documentation. Excellent career 
development role which will be well 


Write or tele phone Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager 

Management Personnel 

Beeruilment Select-on & Search Consultants 

2 Swallow Place. London W1 R 7AA 
Telephone 0 1 408 169 4 (out of hours 01 809 2783) 

00 jogj 0000 0000000000000 



i has a vacancy for 


A Financial Acccxxitam Is required to ovsrsee ad aspects of 
the financial accounting operation including the recruitment < 

W with period work schedides; accuracy of reconflng and Z 
w recohcfflatton: preparation of statutory returns and the prop- W 
A aratioo of annual accounts. A 

Applicants should have an accountancy qualification with A 
three years post quaflficatkxi experience or if not quafified w 
A comparable management experience and the knowledge Q 

• and experience of computerised systems is essential. A 

Please apply in writing to 

© The Personnel Department, © 

0 Natiorerf Theatre, 0 

0 South Bank, London SE1 9PX & 



c £17,500+ "Car 

An wpafrfng UK company wtth Intorn m a w l c a nrw c Ho n » wMim Io recreB i 
quatflw Chief Acco u ntant to manaaaihntwndiXflqsxccoumidapart m Bi K. 
Normal ntsponoMtes tacJucto. producing prompt monthly jnansgerMM Mor- 
matton, cash now forecasts and annual accounts. Knmrfadge « foreign cur- 
rencyfransactlonswouM M an advantage. „ 

Ths Ideal c a nd i d a te is probafafyagsd around 2S-60. should be ensrpaBc wMia 
start sMwed ap p roa ch, and have experience of computertaad •accounttig 

Appacsdons. which are m con flu e nce , should Include ful career Petals. Write 
to R.N. On quoting reference M2*32 or telephone 01 -439 BOSS for storm. 


Racnjftnwnt Servteoa 

35 Ptecactty, London W1V 9FB. Telephone 01-734 7282 

You may now useyoui 
Access or Visa Card when 
placing your advertising 


fin ancial 




'->j «*: ■ * 


~ ** ^ 1*. v 

Hie financial services revolution is here. 

Powerful conglomerates are emerging to combai 
aggressive competition from new and unexpected 
sources. The traditional barriers are crumbling, and 
tough, decisions must be freed as technology forces the 

pace of change. 

High quality, impartial advice is a vital commodity- in sue 
fast moving markets. As a member of our successful ^ 
Financial Management Group, your ability to provide it 
would soon be tested. 

Youll work with senior management in all types of 
financial institutions on a wide variety of assignments 
One month you may be advising on dealing risks 
and controls, the next on management information 
or treasury. 

This is an opportunity to develop jour technical and 
management s HHs whilst relishing the autonomy th3t 
yotfll be given. We need graduate Accountants aged 
25-32, with experience of financial institutions gained 
in a major accountancy firm or in the financial services 
sector; who are ready to free tomorrow s challenges 
today Your personal skills, enthusiasm and intellect hke- 
be outstanding. 

We offer a starting salary of £20*30,000 plus a car and 
other benefits, tailored training, and promotion based 
solely on merit 

If you're excited by the latest developments in the 
finanrifll services sectot and mee t our criteria, why cot 
vend your c.v. (including a daytime telephone number) 
i Martin Manning, quoting reference 1520/ T on both 
relope and letten 

^ ITt? , , ■ 

Management Consultancy Division 

98. HiUgate House, 26 Old Ba3ey, London EC4M7PL 



International CAs 


£ Highly Competitive plus car & benefits 

Ernst &.Whinney is one of the most rapidly 
expanding accounting firms with a highly 
developed sense for the market opportunity. We 
are currently seeking a high calibre individual to 
deal with the exceptional new demands arising 
in VAT related work. 

Our clients range from multi-nationals to 
local businesses. The consultant assisted by a 
small but dedicated advisory team, will provide 
a complete service demanding extensive prac- 
tical knowledge of the VAT provisions. 

Together with the necessary technical 
ability the successful candidate will possess first 
class, inter-personal skills and a practical 
approach to problem solving. The' rewards for 
success are high - an attractive - remuneration 
package together with outstanding career 

Please write initially to Barry Compton. 

Accountants, Advisers, Consultants. . 

Becker House, l Lambeth Palace Road, London SE1 7EU.TeL 01-928 2000 


. . . for accountants, tax specialists and lawyers. Which office of Gabriel Duffy 
Consultancy - London, Brighton, or the new Reading office - should you visft to get the 
quaflty of service which won Gabriel Duffy the "Recruitment Consultancy of the Year" 
award? To find out, write or calf .. . 


Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swithins Lane 
Cannon Street London, EC4N 8AL - 

Public Practice (London) 01 623 4295 RuMc Practice (Nationwide) 01 6234395 

industry & Commerce 01 6233195 Legs! 01 623 4295 

Temps 01 623 1617 

Or evenings/Vraekends telephone Don Leslie on 354 5229. 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 13GA Western Road 

Brighton BN1 2LA 

AH departments (0273) 29622 ■ 

Or avenlngs/weekends telephone Cathy Casey on Brighton (0273) 730518. 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 60 Kings Road, ’ 

Reading RG13AA 
AH departments (0734) 502681 

Or evenings/weekends telephone Helen Spain on Burghficfld Common (0735a?) 3447. 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy i7 St. Swithins Lane, 

Cannon Street. London,.EC4N.8AL.- 

A major nursing employment agency - 
supplying temporary staff to the National 
Health Service requires a Financial . 
Accountant to fffl a newly created' ' . ■ 

position within this expanding .y : -; 
organisation, reporting directly to the . 
General Manager. The role of this «■' 
individual will be future financial poficy - 
and planning, day-to-day control of ' 
accounting functions in conjunction with 
. the Management Accountant. 

: . Salary package to include contributory . 
. pension scheme and benefits, £1 5,500- 
El 6,000 p.a. 

. Please send C.V. marked private and 
confidential to Mrs J Higgins, London •’ ' 
and Provincial Nursing Services, 72 
Borough High Street, London SE1 1XG. 

Wa an actively recruiting lor tin smaB West End Assad 
Headquarters of a substantial International Commodity Exporter 

"Hh stylish weB equipped ofonsckne to OxM Street. _ 


to £12,000 

4 qualifted ACA/ACCA uB be gi 
aooounla preparation and th 
d BM PC computer. 

(l tteovsrafl 
tunning -of a 

£? ton 8® of anfeagfrig the accounting Mfvffias 
handted through tire new system and managing the financial 


Financial A dminis trator 

Expanding company based in Fulham 
seeks experienced person with all round, 
management skills. The successful 
applicant will set up a newly acquired, 
computerised, accounting and stock 
control system and must run a grrmn team 
in a busy but happy environment. Duties 
win include work normally fulfilled by a 
company secretary and mflnaopTT^fl f 
accountant. Age 30 years plus.. 

Handwritten applications to: 

The Personnel Director 
1st Floor 

7 Rickett Street, Fulham ; 

London SW61RU 


For the best' temporary 
“Stonrnents calf Barbara 
- Kenton at 

• Task Force Ltd 
118 New Bond sLwi . 
4839441 ' . ' 
Qpen.LatBToright. ~ 


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