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In service 
Anberon Waugh 
on employing 
“domestics^in 1986 
Jumbo winners 
Answers to 

OUT Chris tmas 

Douglas Adams, 
ever the 
Weekend sport 
Football and rugby 
previews: racing at 
Ascot and Newcastle 

There were two winners of 
yesterday’s £2,000 Times Port- 
foil 0 competition. Mr J. Ran- 
55”!* London and Mrs 

Faisline Safer of Sheffield cadi “W ™F n *PB to launch an which the Prime Minister is involved, 

receive £1,000. - Porfolio list. ™®^*ur^ean rescue attempt primus inter pares is a memory w_ T>,«tf'K«- « 

Page Id how to play/uS for Westland helicopter I will always ^Sre, ^ ZJFSZ £ 

“adou service, backSSe company. » “But /the basis of trust 

T TK^ 22 ’ 000< ^ ew «i Presented, dramatic between the Prime Minister aS SriSfbS thS it^a kS 

-C0,000 in the weekly and and highly charged exposure of her Defence Secretary no longer SSS& rtL iStJffi'S 1 

£2,000 m tiw dally ** woriang of modem cabinet exists, there is no place forme 3 J 2 ?«?iq 5 r 

Jobless up ssftijssafsrs flai ~ w ^ aAsg jjga&a: 

14,700 to SSsMsSSM; £= \ 

3 J iu to two Westland bids, Rrfkin proffle 2 belief in the cam* of the Anglo- 

"I Q TMill* M „ He alleged that Mr Leon Why Headline snapped 10 European bid for a Westland 

• IO 111 1 1 1 1011 5 nt J an ’ Secretary of Slate for The legacy & Diary 10 stake, backed by the uniquely 

I Jn#*m ** d Industry, had on Leading article, letters 11 powerful ammunition of his 

ledlv iaS y 2J^!». roSB ^ iexpec ' Wednesday night put “national Heseltie profile 26 mside knowledge, could make 

upsetting the nntaesF .pressure on- British — him a key factor in the 

nmnthKTh,. '• recenI T 6 "? 5 *? 1 * to withdraw from the Brown left the Wilson Cabinet We stland shareholders’ meeting 

SMifff'ypsfi; arsss 1 .^sns sWtSr^ss^s 

Jobless up 

14,700 tO St^SSSSS^SLSt «!*--* 

7 UU to two Westland trids R»Bun Profile 

3 IQ will* _ He alleged that Mr Leon Why Heseltine snapped 
• AO million ; nt ?n. Secretary of State for The legacy & Diary 
I Jnpm nimmiHt Jf*™ ^P d Industr y 7 had on Leading article, letters 

S^tertSSSf. J!? 6 ***®* m8ht put -national Heselti e profile 


Heseltine resigns over Westland and accuses Thatcher 

me Minister ‘sabotaged, rescue 9 

1 lories split Dy 

ea-sMSKtaartt -J^SH unpreceuemeu 

^ H ^ lt ^ s ® C Tb^resignation of the most charismatic Till hllC 

wk^sot, reaffirmed the Government’s Cabinet member left the Government’s f F**U1IV 

fSSJ* J'JJfoS * Jto Westland share- opponents with a propaganda gift; senior 1 *"'■ ^ Sail I 

noUers to decide the helicopter company’s politicians of all parties described the move 
ie * hs unprecedented 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

■ walked tant and nervous, condudedhis an almighty Commons storm 

Mr Michael Heseltine walked 
out of a cabinet meeting 

^meeting 23-minute statement, saying; when the House reassembles on 
“ Sc 5 rc ? ry ^7° *”7? » ■ member of a Monday, with Mr Neil Kinnock 
“ 53® fo Def ® nce » 30(1 tiien Tory Cabmet within the consti- demanding a statement from 
the M™® rational understandings and the Prime Minister, along with 
Minister o f stalling and sabotag- practices of a system under a fufl-dress debate on the issues 
mg attempts to launch an which the Prime Minister is involved. 





. ^ ^ mw iw nu wmui me rniuc wimisicr 15 

Angio-turopean rescue attempt primus inter pares is a memory 
for the Westland helicopter I will always trea sur e, 
company. “Bui n the basis of trust 

in an unpreedented, dramatic between the Prime Minister and 
and highly charged exposure of her Defence Secretary no longer 
tne working of modem cabinet exists, there is no place for me 
government,, he told an offi- with honour in such a Cabinet-” 
dally organized press confer- The resignation is the most 
race at the Ministry of Defence flamboyant since Mr George 
that the Government was not - 


By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

The Conservative Party was man of the Commons defence 
split from top to bottom last select committee which backed 
night over the resignation of its Mr- Hescl tine’s approach over 
most charisma tic Cabinet Westland, said: “People have 
member — leaving opponents of resign e d from Cabinets before, 
the Government with a props- of course. I did myself . . 
ganda gift - but never before were resig- 

But as leaders of the Alliance 
and Labour parties took advan- 
tage of the government turmoil. 

nations preceded by all this 
public argument between Cabi- 
net ministers - that is unpre- 

senior . politicians across the cedented.” 

political spectrum, past and Mr Neil Kinnock, the Labour 

present, were agreed that the 
extraordinary events which led 

tn X/Tr 

leader, seized on Mr Heseitine's 
departure, and his blow-by- 

MkUOUlUinUiJ bfVUlO WWVU 1WU MUVf uuu uui oivw-uj* 

up to Mr Heseitine’s departure, blow resignation press confer- 
with Cabinet minister openly race, to prepare a- full-scale 


Emplovm^t Sec^yT d£ 
sczfoed foe figures as “disap- 
pointing” . The unadjusted 
unemployment total was 
3,373,089, up 14,221, and could 
nse by around 100,000 this 
. month Page is 

Pound boosted 
by rate rise 

The pound, buoyed by Britain's 
higher level of interest rates, 
rose nearly 3 cents to $1.4710 in 
early New York trading after 
gunum two-thirds of a cent to 
$1.4490 in London Page is 

Out of picture 

Kodak stopped production of 
instant cameras and films, 
writing off tens of millions of 
dollars in investment, after 
, losing a nine-year court battle 
[ with Polaroid • Page 5 

Killer detained 

A woman who drowned her son 
while on probation for the 
infanticide of his two brothers, 
was ordered to be detained 
maefintely in a mental hospital 
Page 3 

£70m grants 

The Greater London Connell is 
believed to be planning to 
transfer £70 million to volun- 
tary organizations as forward 
funding for selected projects 
before it Is abolished on March 

Leisurely life 

With average male employees 1 
working 3K2 hours a week and ! 
enjoying at least four weeks’ 
holiday, Britons have more 
leisure than 10 years ago 

Social trends, page 4 

Expulsion plea 

Spain has suspended an expul- 
sion order against a Briton 
wanted for questioning about 
the £26 million Brink’s-Mat 
bullion robbery at Heathrow 
airport, pending an appeal by 
his lawyers. 

US post purge 

Mr Paul Carlin has been 
dismissed as United States 
Postmaster-General in a move I 1 
expected to lead to a manage- 
ment purge and cost-cutting . 
measures in the postal service 
Page 7 

Series halted 

Work on an American televison 
drama series depicting the 
United Stales under Russian 
rule after a KGB coup has been 
halted Page 6 

TV licence plea 

Extra television licences for 
people with video recorders and 
more than one set could solve 
the BBCs financing problems, 
the corporation suggest cdPage 4 

Division healed 

The threat of a breakaway 
“Super Leag ue * 1 fry leading first 
division dubs has receded 
following an agreement by 
second division chairmen to the 
proposed - restructuring of the 
Football League Page 22 1 

I Salisbury 

The speed with which Mrs 
Thatcher ann o unced the suc- 
cession - with Mr George 

against Cabinet minister, are 
unprecedented this century. 

- Lord Home of the Hiram, the 
former Prime Minister, told 
The Times: “I can recall 
resignations of course, on an 
issue like Suez, but I cannot 

parliamentary offensive against 
Mrs Thatcher. 

It was now essential “as a 
matter of honour and duty" for 
the Prime Minister to make a 
full statement to the Commons 
on Monday about the circum- 

recaQ any parallel to this. I have stances and manner of th 
been surprised how the issue . resignation, the future of Wes- 
took such a dramatic turn." J — K — ~ r 

iland, and the policy of the 

And Lord Wilson of Rie- Government on clear matters of 
vanlx, who ted the Labour Party national defence and industrial 
to four general election vie- interest, he said, 
tones, commented: “I don’t “We will ensure that there is 
recall anything like it - and I no possibility of the Prime 

u-. ■ — r- from the Macmillan Adminis- Younger moving uum me 

«ra«»nm 1958. Scottish Office to defence, and 

Mr Heseltine has been a Mr Malcolm Rifldnd finrn the 
“ dmet confining his foreign office to the Scottish 

and tha?SS2 25 ^bcism of government policy office - was seen by some as fist 

to the Cabmet table, smcTMiJ footwork or premeditation. 

EAST ^ 5 e T toW There was no letter from Mr 

mered” into a drafttetter from m the wake of Lord Heseltine to the Prime Minister. 

MreMaSaJet TWh^JS 2°#°“^ recent that and the Department of Trade 

w£id bSSrisThaS^ the Government was notseUing and Industry last night refused 

-V . uuierwisc nave Oeen the Silver it wa» «/, v, a »dET s_ 

recall anything like it - and I no possibility of the Prime 
had my own problems! It is Minister evading the questions 
much more public than any- that most now be asked.” 

Scottish Office to defence, and 
Mr Malcolm Riflrind from the 

, . . — , — , me uuvnuuicni was noiseums 

would otherwise have been the silver; it was getting rid of 
matenally misleading . the hardwood fonnture/ 

Mr Heseltine, at times heat- His resignation will provoke 

Successor pledges 
to fall in line 

By George Hill and Ronald Faux 

At «5iLri rsl pr ^* ® onfen ®ce having statements vetted by the 
as Secretary of -Stole for Cabinet Office". 

Deforce, Mr George Younger Mr Younger safid that Mr 
, rBa ® nne 4 the HeseltineV resignatiem was a 
very sad event in the history of 
it to Westland shareholders to the Government and th«t it 

— — uidh UKUI iVlIUbU 

the silver, it was getting nd of to be drawn on Mr Britten's 
the hardwood furniture. alleged remarks to Sir Raymond 

His resignation will provoke Lygo, of British Aerospace. 

tiling that happened in my time. Dr David Owen, the SDP 
Can you imagine it happening leader, said Mr Heseitine's 
in Clem Alice’s time?" resignation represented a devas- 

Sir Humphrey Atkins, senior taring personal indictment of 
Tory backbencher and chair . Continued on page 2, col 5 

Thatcher regret over 
the lonely rebel 

Cabinet stunned by 4.4m shares 

surprise walk-out in Westland 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent are sold 

The Prime Minister last night 
wrote to Mr Michael Heseltine 
accepting his resignation as the 
Secretary of State for Defence 
although he did not submit a 

Government has been one of 
distinction from the time when 
you joined the Ministry of 
Transport in 1970 and subse- 
quently became a Minister for 

formal tetter. Dus is the text of Aerospace and Shipping. White 

Dear Michael; 

Aerospace and Shipping. White 
you were Secretory of State for 
the Environment between 1979 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

decide the company’s fite, and 
declared his readiness to submit 

would be greatly regretted. In 
foe longer term, however, he 

. . — mu. iuuk^i to in uuwcvcT, nr 

ob own statements on the issue did not expect that there would 
for the approval of his col- be any significant effect on the 


”1 am entirely happy with the 


Mr Younger said that Mrs 

xuuukct saia mat mts 

Governments decision that this Thatcher had not approached 

5., S“i5 er for , ^ company s him about the defence job 
sbareholdera alone, and that before Mr Heseltine resigned^ 

^ *SS Pm V *° m Asked to describe the serniie in 

eith . < 7 for OT Cabinet in the morning, he sai± 
“ thing -to describe. A 
to n ^ came When Mr Heseltine 

encourage collaboration 

. — . “ that he was not able to ^secretary oi scale lor ■ the 

n^mthpW^friJ snotannsue subscribe to the Cabinet view; Enviroment, and the Cabinet 
now m tiie Westland rase. and he got up and left He room. 

Cabinet cofleagues were 
taken completely, by mrprise at 
the ‘ manner «f Mr Mfichad 

After the Prime Minister 
had summed op a one-hour 
discussion on the Westland 
affair, he said that he could not 
accept that his previous state- 
meats should now be vetted by 
the Cabinet Office. 

He told last night's Ministry 
of Defence Press conference; “I 
could not accept the summing 
up and I had, therefore, to 
lea Ye." 

He did just that. Gathering 
up his papers, he walked 
behind Mr Norman Fowier, 
Secretary of State for foe 

•it -I« . . _ “V AVI UU duu 1CIL nc 

the 1 2 e n ,!!! an ^ ung didn’t say: ‘I resign’. The Prime 

the issue that will not be Minister said that she was 
approval by my colleagues. I extremely sorry." 
behe>-e in Cabinet responsibility T ... v ... 

and rm very glad to subscribe J ? sa & ^ 

to the principle. I am used to ■“ by . ^ ?™ ne 

Mr Younger at his press 
conference yesterday. 

Later, Mr Younger said, he 
was called in by the Prime 
Minister during an intermission 
in the Cabinet mea ting^ and 
offered the job. 

Mr Younger, aged 54, heir to 
the third Viscount Younger of 
Ledtie, moved towards politics 
m 1959 when he contested 
North Lanarkshire. At the time 
he was still serving in The 
Argyll and Sutherland High- 

He was Unionist candidate 
for Kinross and West Perthshire 
in 1963 but stood down in 
favour of Sir Alec Douglas 

The gesture was characteristic 
of the man, but the next year he 
won Ayr for the Tories and has 
held the seat since. 


Ministers were so stunned 
that the Prime Minister, after a 
Anther 15 minutes of dis- 
cussion on Westland and 
foreign affairs, called a Cabinet 
adjournment during which she 
told Mr George Younger that 
he should succeed Mr Hesel- 

The Cabinet had begun at 
]0am with all present except 
Lord Haihham of St Maryte- 
bone, the Lord Chancellor, who 
was abroad. 

With the Prime Minister, 
sitting at the centre of the 
Cabinet table, with her back to 
the fireplace. Hanked by Sir 
Robert Armstrong, Cahwu»t 
Secretory, on her right, and 
Lord Whitelaw, her deputy, on 
her left, the discussion began 
with a round-up of forthcoming 
f^wnunecc business in the 
Commons, including next 
week's second reading Jdwtw 

on the Public Order Bill and 
the Financial Services BflL 

B ut Monday, and the retrun 
of ~_twf Commons '.fioor .its 
Cfiristihaa break,, lianboimd to 
opeir Opposftion demands fora 
Westland statement; defence 
questions are down for Tuesday 
and Trade and Industry is to be 
questioned on Wednesday. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
began the Westland discussion 
by rehearsing the Govern- 
ment’s existing line; seeking an 
even-handded appro fach to 
Westland; with the share- 
holders bring left to take the 
final decision unimpaired by 
governmemd interference. 

■ That original decision, 
by the Ca b in e t on Decembber 
19, had been broken by Mr 
Heseltine in the eyes of Mra 
Thatcher, who wanted . to 
reassert r«hWt collective 

She invited Mr Leon Brittan, 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, sitting opposite, 
to give his views. An implac- 
cable opponent of Mr Heseltine 
in the Westland affair, he left 
no doabts about his view that 
central co-ordination . . was 

Westland’s share price leapt 
yesterday as a big buyer, 
reported to be the helicopter 

It was with great regret that I and 1 983, you pioneered radical 
accepted your decision to leave changes in the effective manage- 

millionaire, Mr Alan Bristow, s»Pp?rtea tins morning our 
pieced together a large stake in d f asi ° n ?° reaffirm the policy 
the company with apparent rt w for the Westland 
intention of frustrating the deal S 0 P pa ? y to d^de the course to 
with Sikorsky-Fiat (Patience fo* Iow “t the best interest of the 

WYtrafrmft inni^Y COlllOflJTV and its AmnlnvPPc Tt 

— f V*«*SLWM W 

Wheatcroft writes). 

The buyer was offering 1 1 Op 
a share, against an opening 

“ "wit, ugduiai an opening J iuwwn. 

market price of 78p, and several 10 the Cabinet’s decision 
insitutions found the offer too on how to f* 1 * practical effect 

the Cabinet and the Govern- ' incut of departmental business, 
ment- You carried through our policy 

I was very glad that you on the Right to Buy local 
supported tins morning our authority housing hich has 
decision to reaffirm the policy greatly expanded home owner- 
that- it is for the Westland ship. You launched the Devel- 
corapany to decide the course to opment Corporations in Mer- 
follow in the best interest of the seyside and London Docklands, 
company and its employees. It As Secretary of State for 
was therefore a matter foritgret Defence you have presided over 
that you alone in being unable an histone reorganisation of the 
to accept the Cabinet’s decision Ministry itself You have set us 
on how to give practical effect on the path to achieve better 

company and its employees. It 
was therefore a matter foritgret 
that you alone in being unable 

over Westland last summer. * 

Mr Bristow has voiced his 
opposition to, the- Sikorsky dealt 

and with a stake of t his size he 

could have a crucial role.. in! — 

SSSKKHE Jenn y n Street qualify at 
SSSSsS _ affordable prices 

of the European consortium. - • . * 

Last night M&G, one of the Mil kbu do nothave to pv Jennyn Stre« prices far a supertdy finished 
largest shareholders . in Wes- d^Bydeat^dinertwearoidlxindoebeiperaneVhstEod 

Hand, .with 7% per cent, said ' ffiBI and pass the beneftoo toyoo. Yfetve forfeit ncxie of 

that it had voted its stake in - BHm§|| ! *hf' qualky 


«U thor shares 0 f - the fines t fabri cs are used to make our 

(toying with Westland is be- shirts are made from 

ieved to be Allied Dunbar, an cotton poplin, the shirting 

nvestment company which fPPiti fabric enrara by the workfs most 

raked dissatisfaction with Sir • r Its rich lustre 
[ohn's refusal to put both the , ,5 coo,and - 

American and the European [ i. yvar round 

leals to. shareholders. 1 this quality of cotton poplm 

Despite the wave of buying, UHiff ilmii ^njillSn^ 0111, 


p^MFIjrT in i| iinini 11 ZmX toocanfcane warmth and cranfort. 


HBbp - O ur free colour brochure illustratra our 


* m & e or d^Sv5 lflS |fare. attached 

t* 1 ? l. £ \ f 1 j f a choice erf up to 

•*2? / I 7 <fifierentsleerete^thswe 

S? ill i / 

rival the finest matte t o 
measure shirt you tan buy 

Mr Henrltinp fn Af m JJ® 1 11 r 130 - votea its stake in 

Mr Mr ^S fi, £d ,D a? 

Joseph, again facing the Prime who. decided to 

Ml* w sefl . thor. shares instead of 

Joseph, again faring the Prime 
Minister, was said to have 
supported an even-handed 
approach and the principle of 
collective Cabinet responsi- 

Bat after a further dis- 
cussion, with interventions 
from Mr Norman Tdbbft,- the 
chairman of the Cahsernrirve 
Continued on page 2, col 6 

' Breast cancer hopes 

2,000 women in drug trials 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

»he fimd have published Iheir use Uk drug in a preventive 

Gadaffi threatens to 
freeze US assets 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli, Libya 
In a patera guarded by a judgment affected bv “the 

canccr “ fo 8 stomaSr”. Yet 
wh ®n I asked Colonel Gadaffi if 
threatened ?o his own personal prestige had 
“ been increased by his confron- 
n ras P° nse to President ration with the US, he replied: 
a^StTriS 011110 sanctMns “Miaps the AmeriraT^cfaal- 
^Btit atS! - ^ . lenge has put extra responsi- 

fo 5 bflihes on me ... the chaUt^m. 
rarefuDy chstanced himself from was very, useful.” ^ 

te« month s terrorist attacks at Of theUS k- -j 

Rome and Vienna airports, ' “TW ^ sa, ^ L ‘ 

da rm i ng that while he would .* nmue ; w 

allow Palestinians to undergo SwnltiSffi 811 Arab and 30 
military training in his country -£ BSpon 5 e . at fo e 

he “would not be resronsihle ?™. tmie * LOvan advisers are 

for^tiieir individual Sw. 2 ^ 118 ^ very “^folly 

The colonel, dressed in - c ° tond Gadaffi also 

iuuuu LUC UUCl lUtJ , — “ r-— — - — — — 1— — ■*> uviud 

good to resist They sold a total to fo** P° hc y raterdepart- value for money from defence 
of 4.4 million shares, giving the menta * clearance of all answers procurement, and in the Dock- 
buyer a IVi per cent stake *° < l uestion s addressed to yard Services Bill you have 
Mr Bristow was already one Mm ? s * CTS durin 8 *&“ period of shaped the policy for the radical 
of the largest shareholders m the sensitive commercial nqgo- reform of the naval dockyards, 
company, with dose to a lia * 10Ils sn d decisions. I am therefore very sorry 

million shares, a legaty of his 1 v ? iat . to * bsa ^ t y°u for your about the decision that you took 

unsuccessful attempt to take ™ ntr foution to the work of this morning, 
over Westland last summer. Conservative Governments Yours ever 

Mr Bristow has voiced his 0VCT ** ycax ^ Your aurxT m Mar * aret 

opposition to, the- Sikorskv deal >. ““ m— 

staying with Westland is be- 
lieved to be Allied Dunbar, an 
investment company which 
voiced dissatisfaction with Sir 
John's refusal to put both the 
American and the European 
deals to. shareholders. 

Despite the wave of buying, 
the shares fell test night to dose 
at 88p. 




d _ Gadaffi also 
his confidence 

purple shirt and sleeveless grey E,~ con T w *5 
jacket, performed his careful T 01 * 1 ’! 

sidtstep at an hour-long press *Sr S* 1 ^- rol ? of 

conference that conniveS tobe ^T' 

a warning to the United States. ^ Rea « an s 

an attack on what hecaUedthe a 

“state terrorism” of An^n . R ° me “«* Viemia 

Israel, and a tirade to* coJond was at times, 

abuse H£ainriPresi<W halting and evasrve. When 

The American Ieaderjre said 
was senile and his political 

sass^^^ES^ , ^ sws8BR 

Please srad me your FREE foiDcotour brochures zuid fabric sampl 


asked about evidence tfaat the 
Contimied on back: page, ad 8 



Heseltihe tells of the lengthy battle over Westland 

Deliberate attempt made to avoid 

Mr Mich ael Headline, in his press the financial position of the company, at 
- “““race statement, said: one stage 1 intervened to direct that the 

today tendered my resignation MoD’s. [Ministry of Defence’s] accounting 
“ym the Government, not .because of the officer should make a payment of £6 
“JKnssion at today’s Cabinet but because million to -Westland that was correctly 
] n which the reconstruction of being withheld from them bn grounds of 
wesuand pic has been handled over a-' prudent government accounting but that I 
Penod of months. was satisfied should be made because of the 

rfpf • ra ^ 8e ^ profound issues about wider issues involved, 
ueience procurement and Britain's fixture As went on, I became increasingly 
as a technologically advanced country, concern efd about pr o gr e ss in the 5s- 
that however have never been- cussions. particularly at a company level, 
^pcrly addressed by the Government. On November 26, I, met' Sir John 
.naeed, as I shall show, a deliberate Cuckney and discussed with him where 
j > ~ em Pthas.been made to avoid addressing matters stood, he explained the need for 
them. This is not a proper way to carry on urgent action and the attractions of 
jovernment ' and . ultimately not . an participation by Sikorsky- However, he did 
approach for which Z can share responsi- not rale out other options provided that 
. • they had as much to offer as the Sikorsky 

The background to the Government’s alternative. His problem was that he lacked 
policy on helicopter procurement is the the management resources himself to 
1978 dec la ra t ion of principles agreed by explore them. 

France, Germany, Italy and the United I asked if I could help, having already 
kingdom. This provided that each country agreed with th tr Secretary of Stale for Trade 
would make every effort to meet 'their and Industry that tins was acceptable. He 
'leeds with helicopters developed jointly in welcomed my proposal that I should assist 
Europe. in this process. 

That policy has thus far been followed . m 

hrough in our future planning. It is For SUCCESS, minis ters 
.•irarely consistent with the wider approach i j 

-o defence procurement set out in the 1985 H2U* tO DC lUVOlVefl 
■•utement on the defence estimates which The lessons of the negotiations over the 
emphasized the importance of Europe European fighter aircraft were in my view 
roming together in an equal partnership clean without minis terial involvement, it 
with the United States within the North would be verv difficult to achieve timel y 
Atlantic alliance. 

My own commitment to that alliance 
and to the strongest and most friendly 
relations with the United States on a basis 
of equality could not be clearer. 

would be very difficult to achieve timely 

I was not prepared to seek the support of 
my European ministerial colleagues, unless 
their efforts would be feiriy and properly 

Since Sir John Cuckney had in no way 
ruled out the European alternative and 
welcomed my offer to explore it, I 

Lead role in early 

. . - . . discussed it with Dr [Manfred] Woerner 

% f 10 ???* 1 [West German Defence Minister] the 
difficulties, partially because of their failure following day and arranged that national 

^ Mt my armaments directors^? the United 
immediate ministerial responsibility Kingdom, Germany, Italy and France 

hJiSS? n S U ? er f °{^f should meet on November 29, and that the 

helicopter industry. It would have been companies involved should also come 

quite wrong for me to try to take the lead 
role in what was a DTI [Department of 
Trade and Industry] responsibility. It 
would have been wrong also for the 
Ministry of Defence alone to bail out the 
company with orders for which there was 
not an approved military requirement 

I did, however, make dear throughout 
that the helicopter capability provided by 
Westland was essential in some form to our 
defence needs. 

When Sir John Cuckney, who had 
become the chairman of Westland with my 
full support and encouragement, first 
approached the Government about its 
attitude to potential partners for Westland, 

together that day. 

The national armaments directors 
reached provisional agreement on the way 
forward, including a recommendation that, 
in an extension of the 1978 agreement, 
their needs wi thin the main helicopter 
classes should be covered solely in the 
future by helicopters designed and built in 

Ty also agreed to complete the 
ratinalization of their requirement for 
hefiepoters, carrying forward the objectives 
set out in 1978. As soon as this agreement 
had been reached, I personally gave a copy 
to Sir John Cuckney. 

Mr Heseltine leaving Downing Street alter his resignation 

WSltSS Tliree meetings deared 

ment of Trade and Industry. 

In view of this identity of view, it was 
still unnecessary for me to take any direct 

It was recognized that with a Sikorsky 
shareholding . Westland might ' tend to 
becotoe little more than a. production 
facility for Sikorsky and to lose its own 
helicopter design and development ca- 
pacity, that a link with European 
companies would fit better -into the 
developing pattern of European collabora- 
tion and that, in many ways, British 
Aerospace would be the most welcome 

The need to explore urgently the 
European option was recommended by the 
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry 
>n Octobers 

Cuckney well aware of 
government views 

When, on October 17, Sir John Cuckney 
iet the Secretary of State for Trade and 
ndustry (Mr Leon Brittan) he said that he 
vas well aware of the Government's 
reference for a European minority 
uireholdcr in Westland and attached 
eight to that preference. The problem was 
ow to bring this about in a timely way. 
Over the following weeks there were a 
umber of discussions involving both the 
uropean companies and Westland and 
on taels between European ministers. 

1 kept in dose touch with these and with 

by Prime Minister 

Sir John Cuckney’s response was that the 
agreement that had now been reached 
would effectively predude Westland from 
proceeding with a tie-up with Sikorsky. The 
subsequent ministerial discussions took 
place only in the context of this issue, 
rather than the wider dimension of the 
-Government's approach. to . the ownership 
of a major defence capability. : 

. There were three- ministerial meetings 
chaired by .the Prune Minister at the- 
beguming of December, two of them ad 
hoc groups on December 4 and 5 and 
finally a discussion in the ministerial sub- 
committee on economic strategy on 
December 9. 

The Prime Minister a t temp t ed at all 
three meetings -to remove the recommen- 
dation of the national armaments directors 
and thus leave the .way dear for the 
Sikorsky deal 

The ad hoc meetings were both ill 
tempered attempts to overcome the refusal ■ 
of some colleagues to thus dose off the 
European option. 

The Prime Minister, failing to secure 
that preference, called a meeeting of the 
sub-committee on economic strategy on 
Monday, December 9. 1 proposed delay 
until the following Friday to give the 
Europeans time to come forward with a 
proper proposal. If they foiled, I said that I 
would back Sikorsky. 

Virtually every colleague who attended 

the enlarged meeting and thus came fresh 
to the arguments supported me, despite the 
foct that Sir John Cuckney had been 
invited to put his views to the meeting. 

Time was limited and, as I have said, I 
was given to the following Friday to come 
up with such a proposal. 

The Prime Minister dearly stated on 
that Monday that minis ters would meet 
again to consider .the result on Friday at 
3pm after the Stock Ex chang e had dosed. 

There would thus be a further oppor- 
tunity for colleagues to consider the 
outcome and to inform the board of their 
views if they wished. I was content. There 
was time. There would be further collective 

The Cabinet office subsequently began 
arrangements for that meeting and a 
number of Whitehall, departments were 
contacted about the availability of their 
[minister. . - . .. ; ' . '• ■, 

•■•These arrangements were, however, 
cancelled on the instructions of the Prime 
Minis ter. Having lost three times; there 
was to be- no question of risking a fourth 
discussion. -1 - 
•: As a result, the meeting on December 9 
represents the only occasion on which there 
was a collective discussion of the issues 
involved, as opposed simply to the 
question of their public handling by' the. 
Government. By December 13, 1 produced 
proposals for ministerial agreements, i 

A complementary offer by the com- 
panies concerned to participate in the 
reconstruction of Westland was also made 
that day. . They were . not addressed 
collectively,, bur I circulated them to 

Following the decision not to proceed 
with the meeting pn December 13, l sought 
on a number of .occasions to have the issues 
properly addressed. - 

The first attempt had been at the Cabinet 
on Thursday December 12. The Prune 
Minister refused to allow a discussion in 

Charisma that lost out to obduracy 

By Rodney Canton 
Defence Correspondent 

The Westland controversy 
that culminated yesterday in the 
resignation of Mr Michael 
Heseltine as Secretary of State 
for Defence was a situation 
which, from his point of view, 
got out of control. 

When in November he began 
assembling his European con- 
sortium he must have thought 
that with Westland's three main 
European competitors, and 
above all their governments, 
lined up in support. Westland 
would be unable to resist their 
rescue offer. 

What he seems not to have 
reckoned with was the obduracy 
of Sir John Cuckney, West- 
land's chairman who, like Mr 
Heseltine, is an old boy of 
Shrewsbury School. Without Sir 
John's unwavering preference 
for the Sikorsky offer the frantic 
activity and the bitter political 
warfare of the past few weeks 
would not have arisen. 

With a more amenable 
chairman at Westland, Mr 
Heseltine could reasonably 
have expected that the qualities 
which have served him well 
during his three years at the 
Ministry of Defence, charm, 
energy and ruthless determi- 
nation, would have seen him 
through on this occasion. 

Mr Hesletine's qualities have 
been readily apparent at De- 
fence. He has enjoyed open 
discussion of issues m his office, 
usually sitting on a settee with 
his feet up, and wearing a dark- 
blue long-sleeved pullover. 

When going into a hall to 
deliver a speech he would 
briefly agonize over whether it 
would be so warm that he 
should remove the pullover 
from under his jacket. Doing so, 
be would grin at onlookers: 
“Ministerial strip-tease". He 
has little side, and when he had 
a formal engagement, he could 
on occasion, be seen arriving at 
the ministry carrying his morn- 
ing suit on a coat hanger. 

He has boundless energy. On 
a visit to the Falkland Islands 
two years ago, with an almost 
impossibly crowded itinerary, 
he insisted on two occasions on 
getting up at dawn to visit 
colonies of terns and penguins. ■ 

These human qualities are, 
however, matched by a* degree 
of determination that can lead 
to him riding rough-shod over 
people. In 1984 when he was 
planning his reorganization of 
the central defence staffs, he 
told the then Chief of the 
Defence Staff; Field Marshal Sir 
Edwin BramaU, of his inten- 
tions only two days before 
publishing them. 

When ms mind is made up he 
can be abrupt with those -who 
dissent: “That is the way it is, 
air marshal". 

The prospect of his appoint- 
ment to the ministry was not 
welcomed by the armed Forces, 
and although he has readily 
commanded the respect of most 
of those who had to work most 
closely with him, ami perhaps, 

somewhat grudgingly, from a 
wider circle as well, there are 
many who remain fundamen- 
tally hostile to him. 

There is a well-developed 
feeling that in his pursuit of 
efficiency, and his attempts to 
squeeze the maximum benefit 
from the resources devoted to 
defence he has caused un- 
reasonable demands to be made 
on rank-and-file serveemen. 

His three years at Defence foil 
into two clear phases: first a 
period of more than two years 
when most things seemed to go 
his way, and then during the 
course of last year the develop- 
ment of the job into a dull, hard 
slog to maintain existing de- 
fence policy within increasingly 
severe financial constraints. 

Although he was not ministe- 
rially involved in the Falklands 
conflict, he went to Defence six 
months after the Argentine 
surrender when a grateful Prime 
Minister and nation were happy 
to lavish largesse on the Armed 

Return to home base 

lefore he moved to the 
ejgn and Commonwealth 
ice three years ago, Mr 
(coho Rifland was regarded 
, front runner to succeed Mr 
m Younger (Ronald Faux 
is). There was little sur- 
e at the Scottish Office 
erday that he had been 
ted back. 

Tie MP for Edinburgh, 
floods is aged 39 and will 
[>ably be the youngest 
nber of the Cabinet and the 
ogest man to hold the 
tnry-old office of Secretary 
tale for Scotland, 
it borne in Edinburgh 
; erday, where he was re- 
aring from a bout of On, Mr 
kind said his new job was 
most significant honour and 
*>nsibfllty that any Scottish 
■ could be asked to accept. 
Younger, be said, would be 
iard act to follow", 
dr Rifkind graduated in law 
Edinburgh University. Be- 
i entering Parliament be 

practised as an advocate in the 
City. He became a QC last 

He is quick-thinking and 
highly articulate, occasionally 
too articulate for lobby re- 
porters, who have timed his 
delivery at more than 200 
words a minute. 

His last job at The Scottish 
Office was Minister for Home 
affairs Hw Environment. In 
his dealings with Scottish local 
authorities with responsibility 
for local go v e r nment finance, 
he was able to deliver disagree- 
able advice on behalf of the 
government and yet retain the 
respect of the councils, a 
quality be shares with Mr 

Some observers questioned 
Mr Rifkind" s ready acceptance 
of the Scottish Office. He had 
developed a specialist interest 
in European affairs at the 
Foreign ’ and ■ Commonwealth 
Office and was deafly well 
thought of 

Heavy defence workload 
ahead for Younger 

Mr George Younger will find 
a very full in-tray awaiting him 
when he takes up his appoint- 
ment of Secretary of State for 
Defence (Rodney Cowton 

That he should come to this 
job just now is ironic, for it was 
only last week that he suffered a 
severe political defeat at the 
hands of Mr Heseltine. and the 
Ministry of Defence, with the 
announcement that contracts 
for four submarines were to be 
placed with the Vickers Ship- 
building and Engineering group 
for construction on Merseyside 
and at Barrow-in-Furness. Mr 
Younger, as Secretary, of State 
for Scotland, had fought to 
ensure that at least one of them 
would be built north of the 

Among the matters which 

will demand Mr Younger’s 
attention are: 

•Fi n a nce: The annual allo- 
cation of budgeted resorces in 
the long-term costings is reach- 
ing a crucial stage. There is the 
need to determine priorities, in 
particular for 1987-88 and 
1988-99, when the defence 
budget will rise by only 1.6 per 
cent and 0.9 per cent respect- 
ively. This means that for the 
first time under Mrs Thatcher’s 
Government there will be an 
actual decline in the real value 
of the defence budget. 

Nimrod Airfcorn Early Want- 
ing Aircraft: Critical nego- 
tiations are in p ro gres s between 
GEC and the Secretary of State 
to find a way of completing, at 
acceptable cost, this disastrous 
project which is at least: five 
years late and has so for cost 
about £1 billion. 

Cabinet that day. I insisted that the Cabinet 
Secretary should record my protest in the 
Cabinet minutes. 

When the minutes were circulated there 
was no reference to any discussion about 
Westland and consequently no record of 
my protest. 

Before the next Cabinet meeting I 
complained to the Secretary of the Cabinet. 
He explained that the item had been 
omitted' from the minutes as the result of 
an- error and he subsequently circulated an 
addendum in the form of a brief note of tire 
discussion. Such an error and correction 
was unprecedented in my experience. 

Hie witnirt^a, as finally issued, still did 
not record my protest and I -have since 
informed the Secretary of the Cabinet that I 
am still not content with the way in which 
■ this discussion was recorded. 

Westland rejects 
European proposals •" 

The world is aware that on December i 3 
the board of Westland rejected, after the 
briefest discussion, the .proposals put 
forward by a consortium which now 
included Britain’s leading aerospace com- 
pany, British Aeospace pic. 

• On December 16 the Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry made a statement 
to the House that, since the Westland 
board had rejected the British/European 
consortium proposals, the Government 
was not bound by the NADS [National 
agreements directors 1 ] recommendation. 
Effectively he thereby left the way . clear for 
the Sikorsky/Fiat bid. 

There fallowed increasing concern over 
the defence implications of this decision.. 
The officetrs of the backbench defence 
committee of the Conservative Party put 
out a statement in support of the approach 
I was taking . I did not solicit that 

Subsequently, on December 18, the 



pra tinned from page 1 
Mrs Thatcher and “confirms 
one's worst suspisions of her 
autocratic, dictatoral style. 

“Suppressing independent 
advice, manipulating Cabinet 
sub-committees, refusing collec- 
tive discussion and rewriting 
Cabinet minutes is damning 
evidence of a total contempt for 
democratic Cabinet govern- 
ment At last someone has been 
man enough to stand up to 
her”, he added. 

Mr Alan Beifo, deputy leader 
of the Liberal party, said Mr 
Heseltine had lifted the lid on 
what went on in Mrs Thatcher’s 
Cabinet It showed the govern- 
ment was ran on an autocratic 
basis with the Cabinet Office 
serving "as the means of 
enforcing the Prime Minister’s 

Within the Conservative 
party last night opinion was 
sharply divided over Mr Hesel- 
tine's conduct and its likely 
effect on Mrs Thatcher and her 

At one extreme, Mr Michael 
Mates, Conservative MP for 
Hampshire, East and Mr Head- 
line's closest confidant during 
the Westland saga, said the 
Defence Secretary’s position 
had been made impossible by 
yesterday's Cabinet meeting, 
and resignation was the only 
honourable course. 

“The foct it has ended like 
this can only be damaging. 
... It is a very serious setback 
for the Government; there is no 
question about it" 

On the other hand. Sir 
Richard Body, Conservative 
MP for Holland with Boston, 
said the “great majority” within 
the Conservative party had 
looked very unfavourably upon 
the way Mr Heseltine had 
behaved in recent weeks. 

“Those I have been in touch 
with found it very modifying. 
There are more edifying ways of 
trying to become Prime Minis- 
ter. • 

House of Commons defence committee, 
following a private meeting with me, also 
drew attention to the defence implications. 

At the Cabinet discussion on December 
19 there was again no attempt to address 
these fundamental issues. ' 

It was laid down that it was the policy of ■ 
the Government that it was for Westland 
to decide what was the best course to follow 
iy the best interests of the company and its 
employees; that no minister was entitled to 
lobby in. favour of one proposal rather than 
another; and that major issues of defence 

procurement were for collective decision. 
Information about the. ■ implications of 
defence procurement for Westland's 
workload should be made equally available 
to both groups as well as to Westland. 

I explicitly explained at that meeting 
that, as -the Ministry of Defence was the 
major customer of Westland, I was bound 
to answer questions whether from UT/Fiat 
or from the European consortium about 
defence procurement aspects. 

I also drew attention to the foct that I 
believed that on the following day events 
would unfold that demanded collective 
judgement. I knew at the time, but could 
not prove, that the British/European, 
proposals would appear next day. 

I therefore told the Cabinet that, while it 
was acceptable that Thursday for the 
Government to adopt an apparently 

3 cal approach, events would shortly- 
id which would demand collective 

events did so unfold. The following day, 
December 20, the British European 
consortium put forward an offer to 
Westland that was widely described as 
superior in every way to the Sikorslcy/Fiat 
alternative. It was rejected out of hand by 
the Westland board 

Cuckney letter to 
Prime Minister 

I wrote on December 23 to my 
colleagues setting out my views on the 
implications of both offers and their 
comparative merits and asking that the 
Government should exercise its proper 
responsibility on so important a matter of 
defence industrial policy. 

I explicitly recognized that the holiday 
period was a difficult time for such a 
judgement. But before the directors came 
out with a final recommendation last 
Sunday, it would still have been possible 
for the Government to meet and to restate 
the preferences so clearly expressed at the 
outset My request for a meeting was 
refiised by the Prime Minister. 

Two further events must be recorded. Sir ■ 
John Cuckney wrote on December 30 to 
the Prime Minister wiring assurances 
about the position of the company should 
they proceed with a Sikorsky/Hat link. 

These assurances were sought directly in 
relation to a letter sent by the Ministry of 
Defence at my direction to the company. 
The fundamental issue raised by Sir John 
Cuckney related to defence procurement 
issues for which I was the Secretary of State 
with the individual ministerial responsi- 
bility. In the proper conduct of government 
business Sir John's letter would have been 
referred to my department for advice and a 
draft reply. 

In this case, the Prime Minister's private 
secretary sent the letter to the Department 
of Trade and Industry and asked for a draft 
reply, cleared as appropriate with other 
departments and the law officers. 

He asked for it to be submitted by 4pm 
the following day. The letter from 10 
Downing Street set out the line which the 
Prime Minister proposed to take. 

When I received my copy of the letter 
the following morning, I pointed out that 
these were matters within my ministerial 
responsibility, but the letter was not 
transferred to my department for answer. 

1 also pointed that the line which the 
Prime Minister proposed to take was 
materially misleading. 

The Department of Trade and Industry 
prepared a draft reply which was referred to 
the law officers only at my express request. 
A reply with which all concerned could live 
was eventually hammered out at about 
10pm on New Year’s Eve. 


I subsequently amplified those pans of 
the reply that sought to hide the rcawy or 
Westland's position in relation m potenuat 
European partners and prospects for .° r£ "j" 

from the Ministry of Defence » 
medium term, in a letter oF January J 
Lloyds Merchant Bank, which 1 copicq to 
Sir John Cuckney. 

Letter is sent by the 
Solicitor General 

I was informed the following day b>‘ the 
Solicitor General that, on the basis ot tne 
evidence which he had thus for seen, my 
letter contained material inaccuracies. He 
wrote to me in this sense on Monday 
January 6. . . , . 

Within two hours of my receiving nis 
letter, damaging selective passages had 
been leaked to the Press Association. I 
cannot comment on the source of these 
leaks oh which there will no doubt be a full 
inquiry in the normal way. No one can 
doubt their purpose. 

1 subsequently on January 6 set out to 
the Solicitor General some of the Further 
evidence at my disposal about the attitude 
of other governments and other companies 
and informed Lloyds Merchant Bank bv 
letter on that day that my answer needed 
no correction. 

The Government, in its official position, 
has sought to suggest that it has adopted an 
even-handed aproach between the viable 
offers. In practice throughout, the attempt 
has been made to remove any obstacles to 
the offer by Sikorsky/Fiat. even to the 
extent, to changing existing government 

Although, as 1 explained earlier, at the 
outset there was a clear recognition of the 
attractions of involvement by British 
Aerospace, -lunderstand that last night the 
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, 
in the presence of another minister in his 
department and his officials, told Sir 
Raymond Lygo of British Aerospace that 
the role which British Aerospace were 
taking in the European consortium was 
against the national interest and that 
British Aerospace should -withdraw. 

So much for the wish of the sponsoring 
department to leave the matter to the 
shareholders on the basis of the most 
attractive choice available to. them. 

Finally, we come to today's Cabinet. It 
was suggested that any questions in 
connection with the competing offers for 
Westland should be referred by all 
ministers to the -Cabinet Office to be 
handled by them in the first instance. 

I refused to abandon 
my assurances 

To have done so would have been to- 
imply doubt and delay in any and. every 
part of the assurances I had publicly given 
on behalf of my ministry and of my 
European colleagues. Such a procedure 
would have allowed the advocates of the 
Sikorsky proposals to make mayhem over 
what is now the superior British/Europcan 

While I agreed that all new policy issues 
could be referred to the Cabinet Office, I 
refused to abandon Or qualify in any way 
assurances i have given or my right as the 
responsible minister to answer questions 
on defence procurement issues in line with 
policies my colleague have not contra- 

The Prime Minister property summed 
up the view of Cabinet that all answers 
should be referred for collective clearance. I 
could not accept that constraint in the 
critical few days before the Westland 
shareholders deride. I had no choice but to 
accept or to resign. I left the Cabinet. 

To be Secretary of State for Defence in a 
Tory Government is one of the highest 
distinctions one can achieve. 

To serve as a member of a Tory Cabinet 
within the constitutional understandings 
and practices of a system under which the 
Prime Minister is primus inter fores is a 
memory I will always treasure. 

But if the bais of trust between the Prime 
Minister and her Defence Secretary no 
longer exists, there is no place for me with 
honour in such a Cabinet 

European group will 
press on with offer 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

The Anglo-European consor- 
tium, led by the General 
Electric Company and British 
Aerospace, yesterday reaffirmed 
its intention to press ahead with 
hs offer for Westland despite 
the resignation. 

Mr David Horne, managing 
director of Lloyds Merchant 
Bank, wihicb is advising the 
consortium, said he was dumb- 
founded by Mr Heseltine's 
move. Earlier, he said, Mr 
Heseltine had been “delighted 
that we were so confident of 

Mr Horne and senior BAe 
officials said the resignation did 
□ot affect the commercial 
aspects of the offer. 

The consortium, led by Sir 
Raymond Lygo, chief executive 

of British Aerospace; has been 
increasingly confident this week 
that it has sufficient backing to 
force an adjournment of next 
week’s Westland shareholders' 
meeting, thereby forcing the 
board to put the European offer 
to them. 

Westland's chief executive, 
Mr Hugh Stewart, said he was 
“rather surprised” by the 
resignation but hoped the 
company’s future could be 
settled in economic rather than 
political terms. 

Sir John Cuckney, Westland's 
chairman, declined to accept 
telephone calls about foe resig- 
nation. “We do not want to 
comment on politics,'’ a spokes- 
man said. 

Walk-out stuns Cabinet 

Continued from page 1 

Party, Mr Tom King, Secretary 
of State for Northern Ireland, 
and Mr George Younger, 
Secretary of State for Scotland 
(untO be replaced Mr Heseltine - 
at 6pm last night) die Prime 
Minister summed up with her 
own proposals. Significantly., 
Lord Whitelaw, Mr John 
Biffen and Sir Geoffrey Howe 
chose not to speak in the 
Cabinet debate. 

Mrs Thatcher wanted cen- 
tral co-ordination of all govern- 
ment responses on Westland. 
Mr Heseltine said he could 
accept that for new statements 
and issues, but 'demanded 
right to re-state what he had 

said earlier. That was rejected 
by the Prime Minister. 

Mr Heseltine did not even 
say that he was resigning. His 
first statement was made to 
television and press cameramen 
outside in Downing Street. “I 
have resigned," he said. “I 
think It would be wrong for me 
to say any more at the moment, 
other than that I have resigned 
from the Cabinet. I shall be 
making s statement later.” 

He then walked down Down- 
ing Sired, across Whitehall 
and into bis ministr y opposite. 

Five hours later, in the same 
b uilding , he told foe press 
conference: “There was no way, 
with honour. In which I could 
remain within foe Cabinet.” 

Constituency regret 

The news of Mr Heseltine’s 
resignation was received with 
regret and perplexity by his 
constituency party at Holey, 
where he had a majority of 
13,781 in the last election. 

“It will take a bit of time to 
reconcile our conflicting feel- 

ings of loyalty to oar leader and 
o ur M P”, Mr Cecil White, 
deputy chairman of t>i* con- 
stituency Con ser v a tive Party, 

“There won’t be many who 
frilly comprehend the scope of 

what he’s been fighting for. 


NUT to 
join talks 
at Acas 

By Lucy Hodges 



The National Union 
Teachers agreed yesterday w 
take part in next Tuesday’s talks 
at foe conciliation service, Acas, 
aimed at finding a solution to 
foe teachers’ pay dispute. But it 
is refusing to sit with foe other 
teachers' unions and will be in a 
room on its own. 

There has been some doubt 
about whether the NUT would 
take part because of its disagree- 
ment with foe new majority on 
foe teachers' panel over foe 
basic for going to Acas. But the 
biggest teachers’ union is 
understood to be under con- 
siderable pressure from foe 
TUC and other union leaders to 

Rail warning 
on Post deal 

The National Union hf 
Railwayman and foe train 
drivers umon AsleC have sent a 
letter to Mr Norman Willis 
TUC general secretary, express^ 
mg grave concern” that, in the 
event of industrial action. News 
International would switch fo e 
distribution of The Times. The 
Sunday Times. The Sun and 
News of the World from British 
Rail to TNT, a road haulage 
company with which foe nevS 
paper group has corporate links. 


Gabriele Adorno in next 
week’s Royal Opera House" SSI 
of Siman Swim 

which, as reported on Januaiy v’ 
will no longer be filled by 


f. A 

5 ; 
1 •• 
1 S 

i p 



— - me- H tw -- 




; ; From PeterDavenport . - 

; ; A mother wholdlied her son 
aged eight while on. probation 
for the mfenticade of his two 

ei l 


n.» ■ - - ;mCGllJJg Mr Bryan ku Whom hantk with thp ntlwr 

:■?&# .. * ‘If,**. a 


Sprays can 
halt spread 
of cold 


Riley, a warehouseman, their 
first son;; Anthony, 'was : horn. 

n, m w ww « no nxst son," Anthoi 
*’ % b «*«» wasyeste^r pniered He died within 
Oral » be detained indefinitely in a ’ described -;*s ’ & 
special ho^utaL victim, r. 

by her own hands with the dither 
attributed to a cot death. • 
Andrew was drowned' in a 

- -r n • • - , . • uiuwiisu- m a 

bath-on the night of April 11, ! 
cot death 198 ^ fonrmomhs after he was ! 

... Sandra *8sd 33, denied ..March, . . I97& W conoid : 2 ta * f 2? te afrito register of 
- . ; vthe murder ofher son, Andrew, married.' ATO cou ^ >1C : 1 3 lc .Cheshire social services 

: -:bnt admitted manslaughter on De^;&rJ976- Andrew ^ a J®" 

• ibe grounds of diTninicw Within weeks h? bad been rescued from- 

JkmsDo&bility. She atoiSSE- ' -the &*** -authorities at the 

. ‘^responsibility. She also admit. ' sknft fiacture and heS^S« ?* u* “ d* 

< -ted deliberately setting fire to teken^ut^ t^hadacceptedasamdentaL 

fee femfly home while her son ! conference accepted parents’- • cou ? t told that after 

the tamuy £<w?f while her son ! conference aasmed^Tjaitori? t*» court was told that after I 
| *as playing made, a year before - explanation of academaHnhir- ■ ft M Kited her son, Riley i 

'■ his dfiitbf . ' i'm.' Tk* • - - u.v . M flSii mslcndefl fn rtPi’plihrmrt 

• Vhisdead 1 * 'lie* The 'boy ‘put bn^St nto" Vended to adghbaurs 

• Chester Crown Court - was : register.; . .that he had taken an overdose 

. ‘ v told thatlhe boy's last words, as . July,. 197ft. Removedfrom'^at of tablets, but police who were 
..his mot her drowned him in. the ■ risk" register. chHed to the house found 

baih “Pon’t IdH n^^ JaBaary l0,’mi: Chri 5 topher ; ja**^*» .'and brairing on the 

mom.. 'bom. ■ ..boy and traces m his finger nails 

TTie court was told that four. February 23. *981: Onstorfoer he had ■ been 

23, i9Ui Omstophor 2 , ?^ shi ? we t *?- P*' **** 
m verdict at inouest. ^jftotoig for his. life as he was 

■iwtal H** agreed that diesI^^^t^l^S JW** 
Etiley, of Brpddehum Avenue, with ruling of “cot death” ' drowned. 
-.Macclesfield; Cheshire/ was, March 27, 1983: Fourth son, 
suffering from a psychopathic Philip,'bom. " 

B S* 


fip andOuis- 

, aceo suffering from post-natal 

Jcpressron at the time,' and -she 
.. (935 .110 danger to her remaining 
■- -..‘.'son. Andrew. A ' condition of 
- probation was that she should 
receive psychiatric treatment , 

• ;• Yesterday, the judges -Mr 
’.‘'fnstice. Tudor Price, told her: 
■While there may be obvious 

March 27, 1983: Fourth sop, ■' ftemeut read to the 
■Philip,’bom. - • court, Riley- said that after her 

May 12, ,1983: Philip found ■"“ «£ 

dead. Mrs Riley dunged with Jor the night, she had run a bath 
infanticide of Philip and Chris- torherselfandher son. 
top her I washed him, and sham- 


probation forutwo : won. .-An- ofhun, pulled tom towards me, 
drew ' returned to “at risk” ^ n “ then pushed him under the 
irecister, .. . water.- He shouted ‘Don’t fall 

iisorder which made her, a May 12 , ,1983: PhiliD found biubahd, .Brian, had gone out 
lan^rto nerselTaiKl others. dead. Mrs Riley charged with' ^ she had run a bath 

. But when she appeared infiwtiddc of Philip andChris- torheraeffandherson. 
oefbre the same court in topber . I washed him, and sham- 

■ October 1983 charged with the October, 1983: Pleaded nfiiy : to P°2?t ^ bar. He was in the 
mfentjade of her two sons, she charges at Chester Placed-on bath feeing me. I grabbed hold 
was released on probation after probation for utwo’ years. -An- °^bun. pulled him towards me, 

. medical reports said she h>d -drew - returned to "“at risk” ^“ d toen pushed him under the 
;'«en suffering from post-natal register. .. . water. He shouted ‘Don’t fall 

^December 4, 1984: Decision- to ^ 

remove Andrew from “at risk” :. “ e . struggled and almost 

; jphlic and private concern in. your mental illness.” 

should The judge onfetod that Riley 

lave had the onnnrtMnitrr ia wii -t. u iTr j...: a. . * 

. . iave had the opportunity to loll 

- Andrew, the fiinction of this 
. ^ x)urt on this occasion is 
'"xHifined to disposing of the 
i ' jffchces of manslaughter and 

“I- am satisfied that the 
"svidenoe and information be- 

remove Andrew 1 from “at risk? ne scruggiea ana almost ueiecuves ana forensic ex- 
register. clunbed out twice, ; but I got him pens were yesterday sifting 

April 11 1985 ’ Andrew dies. back in. 1 held him under the through the debris of a rest 

— • . I , ■" water and it may have been home in Exeter, Devon, after an 

. . then that he hit his head on the early morning fire that killed 

fore this court is that this- 1* 1 ”* A ? er th at, he went stiff I three elderly women (Tim Jones 
tranedv occurrad heranc* n f let go of him and 1» floated face writes); 
yo^mentai iHness.” down in the water” The dead women are Mrs 

The judge ordered that Riley . Mr Rhys Davies, QC, for the pS3L t K J< ?ikHji,i’?7 JUh 
should be - detained, without defence, said: “So far as this Elizabeth Trott^ aged 77, and ; 

Police armed with sab-machine guns to coanter any possible terrorist activity at Heathrow (Photograph: Bill Warhnrst). 

Three die Machine-gun patrols Father may 
in fire at protect Heathrow testify at 

rest home By Rupert Morris child inquiry 

Detectives and forensic ex- Uniformed notice csrrmw pwir-m daciro Of Vionna anil I •* 

By Rupert Morris 

Uniformed police carrying check-in desks at Vienna and 



r Sandra Riley and her son Andrew whom she killed 

‘Nothing could have been 
done’ care chief says 

your mental illness.” down in the water” The dead women are Mrs 

The judge ordered that Riley . . Mr Rhys Davies, QC, for the 5 -?7 Jiln 

should be ■ detained,- without defence, said: “So far as this 
time limit,' at" the Moss Side bagic incident relating to the I?’ 

Special Hospital m Liverpool, death of her child is concerned, 

under section 37 of the Mental - Mrs Rfley has no explanation as ., tl \ irmng 

Health Act - ' to bow il happened, wwhy. She budding, but died on their way 

: Eariier, -the: court had been can only say that up to the time 10 
told by-Mr Gareth Wiffims, QC, she was bathing him, everything “fc- 1 

for the .prosecutionTofa was all right” foree membere of staff and Mr 

• -Througbont the 20-mmute Terence a fire officer, 

hearing, Riley sat in the dock “ f . ho !K? 1 

next to a.wotoan prison officer. toe effects 

She showed no emotion as she o1 smote, 
was sentenced.- * P 0 ^ s^kesman said: 

After the case, the director of Arson cannot be ruled ouL 
Cheshire’s social services de- 1 
partment, Mr David Wakefield, 

' defended the actions of his 
social, workers, and the pro- 
bation service. He said that with 
hindsight the psychiatric reports 
of the; earlier case may have 
under-estimated Riley’s con- 
dition, bnt the decision of the 
court to release her bade to the 
family home effectively tied the 
Vndrew whom she killed hands of his department.” 

A police spokesman said: 
Arson cannot be ruled out.” 

sab-machine-guns appeared for 
the first time in public in 
Britain yesterday patrolling 
terminal three departure lounge 
at Heathrow Airport alongside 
Mr Michael Spicer, Minister 
for Aviation. 

Mr Spicer said: “We hope 
this will not be a permanent 
feature of ibe British land- 
scape, bnt both Government 
and police are determined that 
we shall respond in kind to the 
new tactics being adopted by 

Intensified security at 
Heathrow, where for the past 
eight days armed soldiers as 
well as police have been 
mingling with passengers in 
terminal three, came after 

terrorist attacks 

Rome airports two weeks ago. 

Yesterday members of Scot- 
land Yard’s Dll firearm 
specialists' unit were on guard 
both in the departure lounge, 
and for certain flights, on the 
runway tarmac. They carried 
Heckler and Koch MPSA2 

Airport police commander 
Patrick Carson said the guns 
were set for single-shot firing, 
and his men would not be 
“spraying bullets around”. He 
conceded, however, that there 
was a danger that passengers 
could be canght in crossfire. 

• Machine pistols are to be 
carried by police at Ringway 
airport, Manchester, from 

Israeli . Monday. 

Andrew Neil, who is serving 
a life sentence for murdering his 
daughter Tyra Henry, aged 20 
months, is to be asked if be 
wishes to submit evidence to 
any inquiry imo the handling of. 
the case by social workers and 
other agencies, it was an- 
nounced yesterday. 

A preliminary hearing for the 
inquiry, chaired by Mr Stephen 
Scdley, QC. opened yesterday at 
Lambeth town hall to decide 
who would be offering evidence. 
The inquiry itself is expected to 
begin on February 10 

Lambeth ratepayers and the 
local health authority may face 
a bill of more than £23.000 for 
Mr Sedlcy s services. He was 
appointed at a flat fee of £7,500, 
with £730 a day. 


By Pearce Wrigttt 
Science Editor 

The days of the co mm on cold 
are numbered. After SO years of 
resistance to the efforts of 
medical research to stop the 
runny nose, a way has been 
found of halting the spread of 
the most prevalent cold virus. 

The advance comes after 
experiments by several inter- 
national medical teams, includ- 
ing the Common Cold Research 
Unit at Salisbury in Wiltshire, 
with natural antiviral agents 
such as interferon and interleu- 
kin, which can be produced by 
genetic engineering. 

The first attempts to perfect a 
cure also produced side-effects 
resembling influenza, so re- 
search turned to prevention. 

' The latest results of trials by 
separate groups in Australia and 
the United States, using a nasal 
spray with the same active 
ingredient, alphai-interferon, 
show a high success rate in 
preventing the transmission 
from infected to healthy mem- 
bers of families and other 

The details of the treatments 
tried by a team working with Dr 
Robert Douglas at the Univer- 
sity of Adelaide and ™iii r J? 
Frederick Hayden of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia School of 
Medicine, are described in the 
current issue of the New 
England Journal of Medicine 

The results from the two 
studies are almost identical, 
providing confidence in the 
findings. They both show that 
when the cold was caused by 
rhinovirus, the most common 
agent of infection, the nasal 
spray was almost 80 per cent 
effective. About half of com- 
mon colds come into this 

There are, however.' more 
man 200 distinct strains tbit 
produce snivels, against wfckll 
the nasal spray was less 
effective, preventing spreading 
in only 39 per cent of cases in 
the respective Australia and 
American studies. 

• Mr David Wakefield, director 
• : ..if social services-for: Cheshire, 
aid he was satisfied lhat “there 
vas nothing which could have 
jeen done which wasn't done, 
\vhich might have.ted to a 
... situation where Andrew was 
. _ _ dive today." .. - - 
. _! He said thar -after the death 
Viihe county, council inndertobk 
" ja immediate, internal investi- 
Nation, carriedout bya solicitor 
rum the county secretary’-s 
. . lepartment and an assistant 
lirector of social services. 

• ■ “There was- no evidence that 
•; te staff -had acted outside 

... -Since the court case in 
' ;._'3ctoberl983: .- 

B. Social workers saw Andrew 
1 nore than 50.thnes; - 
t- H» mother wan. sees 75 

Janes in 76 weeks: • -r 

B Probation officer,: , whose 

[ T r-nsb concern was with Mrs 

L 1 ! saw her 36 times; 

,i i. He also saw Andrew on.five - 

t Mj.kcaSHHB, ' 

1 14*1*1 School wed to check for 

. l^tepartmental policies. They, had 
- - : ATlischaxged their responsibilities 
ui behalf of the other agencies 
; ;n a satisfactory way”, he said. 

'■ -i, : A second, independent re- 
. - iew, ordered because of public 
. . oncern, concluded that the 

- titey amiJy was offered every 
- - usable service and. he could . 
. • « no grounds to recommend a 
urther inquiry. 

The social worker -on- the 
ase, Mre. Linda Simpson,- aged 
: 7, was one of the most 
. ualified and experienced in the 
. ' apartment with 17 years of 
- .. ase work. The probation oficer 
nfl 16 -years* experience. 

!• Mr Wakefield’s department 
as 378 children on its at risk 
: . faster. 

Mr Wakefield has called for a 
■’ comprehensive review • of the 
law which balances the rights of 
children against the rights of 
adults. “The balance. has been 
strongly with the' adults re- 
: Gently”, he said. V . 

“We need some kind of 
opportunity within the 'court - 
structure to consider "evidence 
and professional judgements in 
a non-adversarial way and in. a 
non ‘ adversarial place, some- 
thing akin to the Scottish family 

However he said that “the 
difficulty in this case was that 
all the evidence was that 
Andrew wasn’t at risk”. That 
was a judgement shared by all 
the professionals - involved in 
the case. .There was certainly 
nothing on the fevsw of which 
we could have taken care 
preceedings, especially in a case 
where the court ahd -made a 
judgement placing- -his mother 
on probation backed by psychi- 
atric and medical evidence”. V 
'• An inter-departinental 
committee of officials from the 
Home -office and iheLord 
Chancellor’s Department is 
expected to report by Easter on : 
the possible forms that a family 
court in ; England and : Wales 
mi^ht take! (Our Legal Affairs 
Qnretobadent writes). . - - 

Presume' for a fennly court 
has mounted in the past, few 
months :after cases such as the.. 
dwrfh of Jasmine Beckford and 
a Family " Court Campai^Q; 
backed by more ' than 100 
national bodies, MPs and 
aoufemics' was launched, in 
November to press the Govern- 
ment for a'.commitment 

At present feimly law issues 
such as>child custody and child 
protection - are dealt ' with by 
different courts with resulting 
delay and confusion. 

Warning on 
boy’s life , 
is denied 

Andrew’s grandmother, Mrs 
Tilliaa Riley, aged 60, dafmg 
she told Mrs Linda Simpson, a 
social marker she feared fin- the 
boy's fffe^ a claim denied by 
Cheshire Social Services de- 
partment. .. 

“When she was first released 
from the remand centre I went 
to the social sendees offices 
three or firar times. I told the 
social worker that Andrew 
wasn’t safe and that she would 
kill him eventually. 

“Mrs Simpson said she 
couldn’t see it Bnt she knew he 
waanftsafe. She told me that if 
anything happened to Bryan 
(Andrew’s' father) the hoy 
would be taken off Sandra the 
same day”. 

. After the hearing, Mrs Riley, 
said: . “Now it is up to the 
experts to decide when she can 
be freed. They made a mistake 
last time and set bar free to kill 
poor Andrew. She should have 
been" detained for at least 20 

The boy’s father, Mr .Brian 
Riley, who. now lives with a 
woman and her - two young 
children in Macclesfield said , 
that he never believed Andrew 
was at risk. But he added: “She i 
is either very skk or very eviL 
She was on remand for six 
months under constant obser- 
vation. They should have 
picked up what was wrong with 
her instead of diagnosing post- 
natal depression. 

“Looking back, the pro- 
bation officer couldn’t have 
done any more. 

“She wouldn’t go to the 
psychiatrists on her own and 
Mrs Simpson would pick her 
up -in the car and take her. I 
can’t Marne Mrs Simpson for 
what hap pened.” 

5 BBC suggests fee for videos 

By David Jiewson, Arts Correspondent 

:<! Thannr yn ggAct-zt yj^prAsty include separate £10 animal resear ch for the corporation in 
extra television. licences for licences for car radios and. video its submission came in the 
eople with mare thsm one set recorders, or a £60 one-off tax results of a public opinion poll 
... ' J nd with video recorder could on ail vehicles registered with a commissioned by the BBC on 




Our amazing sale prices 
Pure Silk Qums. 

5 f x 3 r £1,250 
7 f x 5’ £2,450 

Silk and Wool. 

- eople with mare T ^?m one set recorders,- ^or' a £60 one-on taj 
. ' J nd with video recorder could on all vehicles registered with t 
ulve ifa cash problems and At radio, 
re same time published evi- It also. suggests a composiu 
- -- ence that most of the public ’ fee for sO households with man 
: ivours advertising rather than than set and video. 25 per cenl 
.. !ie licence fee as a -way. of more than the - present licence, 
' nanri&g the corporation. which would bring the cost of 

• The BBCs second sub? watching colour in such house- 
• ' fission to toe Peacock com- holds toaay to £72.50. . 

littee, which is examining its The most worrying piece of 
‘fading, reaffirmed the corpor- •' "• 

tttm’s commitment to the T r I lf \7 
^ cence fee and. says, it is the J. X -y IlUUUdy 
mn of finanwi available to - ■ . 

uWic service broadcasting. . The BBG yesteday rialmed 
Butthe evidence suggest that, victory in toe Chzistn»s tele- 

radio. -■ .- ■ public’s opinion .of the licence 

It also suggests a composite 

fee for all households with mare The survey, based on hour- 

rh^n set and video. 25 per cent long interviews caueid out by 
more than the present licence, the British Market Research 
which would bring the cost of Bureau, conclndcd that about 
watching colour in such house- two- thirds of the public 
holds today to £72 JO. - fevoured funding _ BBC tele- 

The most worrying piece of vision by advertising 

ITV holiday ratings blow 



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- .V K Butthe evidence suggest that, victory in toe Christmas tele- . 
‘wMof^witading tEecostof visum xatiogs battle, winstog 
Revision more evenly torough- 54w4 par cent of the - total 
, at society, must be found, .then. undSace in .toe week ending 
ton licwwes^ ^for video users December 29 and heiting 

The BBC yesterday daimed the top 10 ratings, its best, 
victory in toe Christmas tele- .' shewing in recent years and one 
visum xatiogs battle, winning attributed to the scheduling 
544 par cent of toe-total width of Michael Grade, 
audience in .the week ending controller of BBC 
December; 29;. and - ., beating • , . . i 

independent television’s night . The only i nd e pe nden t Me- 
special. Minder ml the Orient vision programme to reach Ott 
Express (H5 viewers)- . . top lO was Coronation Street, 
with its. own Onfy Fwh nfuT first two p^tums were 
Hones (X6$ million). .taken hr toe omntons editiom 

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home/overseas news 


GP trainees criticized 
for poor knowledge 
on disease and drugs 

Stinging criicism of the 
standards achieved by doctors 
training to become general 
practitioners, and of some of 
the doctors who train them, has 
come from the chief examiner 
of the Royal College of General 

In a report to the regional 
advisors who eversee GPs' 
training, Dr Andrew Belton says 
that most candidates seem 
unable to construct a logical 
argument, orally or in writing. 
Most were unable to demon- 
strate any critical appreciation 
of drug trials; basic statistics 
appeared to be a language from 
another world; and most did 
not appear to read medical 

A surprisingly high number 
of candidates had a poor 
knowledge of how to manage 
chronic diseases such as hyper- 
tension or obstructive lung 
d i sease and there was a lack of 
rational prescribing of drugs in 
managing such conditions, the 
report adds. 

It says that in spite of a 
rampaign by the college to 
improve general practice, en- 
couraging GPs to “audit” their 
performance by comparing it 
with other doctors, most candi- 
dates in the oral examination 
appeared to have neither the 
inclination nor the opportunity 
to demonstrate any evidence of 
quality control in day-to-day 
practice. The use of the term 
“audit" produced an air of 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 

cynical disbelief; the report 


The college’s examination is 
usually taken by doctors who 
have qualified and are at the 
end of the three years' specialist 
training that doctors have to 
undergo before they can become 
general practitioners in their 
own right 

The examination is not 
compulsory, but most trainee 
GPs take it as do some GPs 
who became family doctors 
before specialist training was 

Dr Belton said c on ce rn had 
to be expressed about the SO or 
so candidates who scored below 
25 per cent on the multiple 
choice paper. That reflected an 
ignorance that could inspire 
only lack of confidence in 
colleagues and patients. 

One candidate, a principal in 
general practice, scored less 
than 5 per cent 

The report cruizes some 
family doctors who teach 
trainees in their own practices. 

Dr Belton says there was deep 
anxiety about the standard of 
training received by candidates 
in some practices, and that the 
number appeared to be increas- 

Those candidates appeared to 
have a workload higher than 
that of any of the established 
family doctors in the practice 
who were meant to be training 
them. They appeared to receive 
no teaching, and to be allowed 

no opportunity for self-edu- 
cation, nor encouragement to 
appraise critically the delivery 
of health care in the practice or 
the community. 

Those candidates receive "a 
'■cry raw deal" in their training, 
the report says. Trainees should 
spend the year's experience in 
general practice, which is part of 
the three-year course, in differ- 
ent practices to avoid such a 
situation, it adds. 

Dr Belton says that the 
examining panel felt candidates' 
inability to write plainly or 
argue logically must represent 
inability to communicate with 
anybody else. 

Dr Bill Styles, secretary of the 
college, said that the report was 
designed to help advisers and 
course organizers to improve 
training. “It is not a great 
disaster but a way of infor ming 
people of some of the prob- 
lems,” he said. _ 

The pass rate for the college's 
examination is about 74 per 
cent fra: those undergoing the 
vocational training, and about 
68 per cent for other candidates. 
The college is to send a report to 
the Committee for Postgraduate 
Training in General Practice. 

Dr Styles said that vocational 
training in the past 10 years had 
raised the standards of general 
practice by improving the 
quality of entrants and improv- 
ing the practices which do the 

NUM calls in TUC 
against electricians 

From David Felton, Labour Correspondent in Sheffield 

The National Union of 
Mineworkers yesterday called 
on the TUC to launch disciplin- 
ary action against the elec- 
tricians' union for establishing 
links with the breakaway 
miners' union. 

An executive meeting in 
Sheffield decided to call for 
action under the TUC's disci- 
plinary rule 13, which could, if 
TUC leaders find the case 
proven, lead to the expulsion 
from the congress of the 
Electrical Electronic Telecom- 
munication and Plumbing 

The EETPU will today 
entertain leaders of the Union 
of Democratic Mineworkers at 
its Kent education centre for a 
conference on energy policy. 
UDM officials are hoping that 
the meeting could be the 
forerunner to the establishranct 
of a formal link with the 

With the move by the NUM 
against the electricians’ union a 
second front of atta ck w as 
opened against the EETPU 
which is already feeing the 
possibility of disciplinary action 
by the TUC if the union makes 
a deal with Mr Rupert Murdoch 
on a no-strike agreement for the 
proposed London Post. 

Mr Arthur Scargdl, NUM 
president, said after the execu- 

tive mee ting " The very feet 
that the EETPU are inviting 
people who were previously in 
membership of this union and 
are now not recognized by the 
TUC is one of the issues which 
will form the basis of our 
complaints to the TUC.” 

Rule 13 says that TUC 
affiliates should not indulge in 
any action which is detrimental 
to the interests of the trade 
union movement. Mr Scaigill 
said yesterday that today's 
conference organized by the 
EEPTU was ‘ contrary to the 
interests of other unions. 

• Mr Norman Willis, the TUC 
general secretary, has aleady 
warned Mr Eric Hammond, 
leader of the electricians, that 
his liaison with the UDM is 
causing grave concern (Barrie 
Clement writes). 

In telephone conversations 
this week Mr Willis told Mr 
Hammond that the EEPTU 
should not be encouraging 
“breakaway" organisations and 
that the electricians were hin- 
dering the healing process 
necessary after the miners' 

Mr Hammond, as chairman 
of the TUCs energy committee, 
had obligations to look after 
unions already affiliated to the 
official labour- movement, Mr 
Willis said. 

Closure of 

Competition from United 
States and Arab-owned private 
hospitals has contributed to the 
closure of the private 68-bed 
Nightingale Bupa Hospital in 
London, which is ran by the 
non-profit making Nuffield 
Hospitals group (Nicholas 
Timmins writes). 

The hospital, in Lisson 
Grove, St Marylebonc, is to 
dose from April 30 in spite of a 
refurbishment of the building 
at a cost of more than £2.5 
million by Bo pa and Nuffield 
Hospitals only eight years ago. - 

Nuffield Hospitals, with 32 
hospitals containing about 
1300 acute beds, will remain 
the largest private provider of 
surgical beds, ahead of Ameri- 
can Medical ' ’ International 
which has 1250 acute beds in 
13 hospitals. Mr Oliver Rowell, 
Nuffield ' Hospitals general 
manager, said yesterday that 
the closure reflected "the 
continued investment by the 
commercial Tor profit* hospital 
operators coupled with _ the 
growing number of private 
patients preferring to undergo 
routine treatment away from 
the centre of London’'. 

The Nightingale, he con- 
tinued, had provided costly to 
maintain and develop, and its 
location deterred patients and 

Sharp rise in racial violence 

Increases in racial attacks 
ranging from more than a 
quarter to 72 per cent in 
different parts of east London in 
the past year have been 
recorded by monitoring organi- 

In Tower Hamlets, 495 
separate assaults were reported 
to the Community Alliance for 

Police Accountability, accord- 
ing to its annual report. Among 
the more serious incidents were 
15 actual or attempted arson 

A 72 per cent increase in 
racial attacks last year was 
recorded by Greenwich Action 
Committee against Racist At- 

Air gun attacks on black 
families were quite common. 
The Newham Monitoring Pro- 
ject also records airguns being 

used to shoot at black families 
and Asian families, and a 
"couple" of incidents involving 
airguns are also known in 
Tower Hamlets. 

By order of D. H. Gilbert, aca. Liquidator of P&O Carpets Ltd., (In liquidation) 
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Miss. Carol Vaughan, of the Stratford-upon-Avon Butterfly Farm, with a Giant Owl 
Butterfly, in what is said to be the world’s smallest tropical rain forest The 6ft by 6ft by 
8ft glass box, reproduces exactly the heat, humidity and conditions of a South-east Asian 
jungle, and is being shown at the Travel Trade Fair which began yesterday at the 
National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Prince asks 


to study 

inner cities 

By-Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 

. The Prince, of Wales has 
asked the Royal Ins titute ot 
B ritish Architects to prepare a 
study, of what can be done to 
revive Britain’s decaying inner 
dries. The inquiry is likely to 
take six months. 

Mr Fred- Lloyd Roche, 
honorary treasurer of toe 
institute and former general 
manag er of MSton Keynes 
Development Corporation, will 
head fbe study team. 

He is likely to appoint 
members of the , ins titute s 
community architecture group, 
set up 10 years ago. Mr Rod 
Hackney, the architect from 
Macclesfield who is already 
preparing a report for the Prince 
on last year's riois in the 
Handsworth area of Birming- 
ham, is another probable 

■ A report in today's issue of 
the trade weekly Building 
Design suggests that the royal 
request will mend any rift foal 
might have remained after the 
Prince's controversial speech to 
architects at Hampton Gourt 
Palace in 1984. 

Soda! Trends: Leisure, wealth and health 

Workers get more time for leisure 

By Robin Young 

A steady fell in average 
working hours, down 'to 38.2 
hours for male full-time em- 
ployees by 1984, and increasing 
holiday entitlements (95 per 
cent of foil-time manual em- 
ployees now get foor weeks or 
more), have given people more 
rime to spend about the home 
and at leisure, according to 
Government -statistics pub- 
lished in Social Trends. 

Women still do most of the 
day-to-day running of the 
home, although married men 
and women believe men should 
do more. 

Government statisticians 
have also detected a marked 
tendency for married men to 
overstate the extent to which 
they share the housework. 
Fourteen per cent of married 
men claim to- share equal 
responsibility, for general dom- 

estic duties, bat only 7 per cent 
of married women accept that 
they do. 

In spite of such domestic 
disagreements and the strains 
of modern life, marriage is 
holding op better than might be 
expected. Just under four fifths 
of people firing in private 
households in 1983 still lived in 
married couple families, a 
proportion which has fallen 
only slightly since 1961. 

The number of marriages in 
1984 - 396,000 - was 9,000 
more than at the low point in 

The number of divorces in 
England and Wales, by- con- 
trast, has declined slowly since 
reaching a peak in 1980- In all, 
158,000 - divorce decrees were 
made absolute in 1984,' double 
the number in 1971 when the 
Divorce Reform Act came into 
force. A fresh rush of petitions 

began in October 1984 when a 
change in the law permitted 
people to petition for divorce, 
after only one year of marriage 

fhere has been a sharp 
decline in the number of 
teenage marriages. In 1984, 
one. in. six spinsters marrying 
was a' teenager, whereas * 
decode earlier 'it would have 
been more than one in three. 
That may have implications fin’ 
the future divorce rate becanse 
spouses who marry in their 
teens are almost twice as likely 
to divorce as those who many 
between the ages of 20 and 24. 

Even among those who do 
not marry there are indications 
that relationships might be 
becoming more stable. 

As in 1976,-there are stiH 39 
per cent of ad alt residents who 
never take a holiday, but a 
growing number take more 
than one. 

la the AB socio-economic 
gr oup the number who took no 
holidays (22 per cent) slightly 
exceeded the number who took 
three or mart (18 per emit). 
The total number of holidays 
taken by British residents rose 
by two wwlHm to fifty nflUea in 
1984. ; . : - 

At this tftne of year men are 
spending 2 6 % mbs a week 
watching tetevisfon, and women 

That accounts for all but an 
hour of the average wife’s free 
time, so it is not so surp r i sing 
that lea time than for many 
years is sprat listening to the 
radio (8 hours 44 minutes a 
week on average), or that 28 
per cent of the population will 
not have ^ time to glance at 
this or any ether newspaper. 

Tomorrow: Health, and edu- 

Britain more prosperous 
and less inequitable 

Male life expectancy up 
12 years in half century 

-. By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 
Britain has become more wealth, down from 52 per cent 
prosperous and equitable dur- in 1971. 
ing the past it) years, according The wealth distribution, on 
to Social Trends. Real income a this definition, has not pento- 
head,: in spite of felling in two latcd down to the poorest half 
recessions since 1974, was 16.5 of the population. In 1971 the 
per cent above its 1974 level in better-off 50 per cent of the 
1 984» population owned 97 per cent of 

Between 1980 and 1984. real marketable wealth, By 1983, 
household disposable income a that share had edged down to 96 
head- rose by 6 per cent, as percent- 
wages and salaries kept ahead of ' 


Social Trends records that 
marketable wealth for individ- 
uals totalled £745 billion in 
1983, the latest year for which 
figures arc available. 


vn i m taw 

MarketatM wealth 

population owned 20 per cent of 

owned by: 
Worthiest 1% 














. 54 






all wealth in 1983, down from TomwaaMi Ei40bnE2fl3bnEsoafanC74fibn 
31 per cent in 1971. The richest sotm Social Tmnda 
5 per cent owned 40 per cent of 

Life expectancy for men has 
increased by 12 years in the past 
half-century, and by 14 years for 
women. A new-born boy can 
therefore expect to live to the 
age of 70 and a girl to 76, 
according to Social Trends. 

But the increase in longevity 
has led to a big increase in the 
number of one-person pen- 
sioner households and these are 
expected to increase by a further 
one million to 3.7 million by 
the' year 2001. The increase has 
important implications for 
public expenditure, the report 

The report shows dramatic 
reductions during the past 30 
years in infectious deseases with 
diphtheria and polio now 
almost eradicated, but with 
whooping cough becoming 
more common in the late 1970s 
and early 1 980s after scares over 
the safety of the vaccine. Only 

about two-thirds of children are 
vaccinated while about 95 per 
cent would- need to be for 
whooping cough to be .almost 

Life expectation (UK) 

Mato Ftoitala Mala ~ftnala 





TSyws ■ 
20 yarn 
50 yaw* 
63 yaw* 
75 years 
BO yaws . 








' 76.1 









437 ' 

















24.1 ' 

. 23.1 





















Sautem Oammamat AOuvfs Oaptnamt 

Campaign is 

launched to 
assist the 
mentally ill 

' Ten ttsma! health organiza- 
tions have, joined forces ■ to 
launch a new. Schizoph renic 

Affiance with' a manifesto 
demanding that central govern- 
ment, health, authorities and 
local councils commit more 
resources to the earing' for the 
mentally 2L v* 

“The poiicy of dosing Urge 
mental hospitals is failing 
because of a tack of community 
care facilities”, the new alliawr. 
said yesterday. ’ 

“Patients suffering from 
Schizophrenia are being dis- 
charged without adequate ac- 
commodation and support and 
fam ines of sufferers are finding 
difficulty in getting a hospital 
place for their relative.” 

“A comprehensive range of 
services for people suffering 
from chronic mental illness 8 
must be created before hospitals 
are dosed, and many saved by 
closures must be directed to 
enhancing and developing such 
services, the alliance adds. 

National Gallery 
director to go 

One of the most coveted jobs 

in the artistic world, the 
directorship of the National 
Gallery. London, became open 
to ap p faca nts yesterday with the 
resignation of Sir Michael 
Levey, who has held the post 
since 1973. 

Sir Michael will retire next 
January, six months before his 
sixtieth birthday. He has been 
expected to leave the gallery for 
some time to concentrate on 

The task of finding a 
replacement is likely to take the 
gallery trustees some months. 

Tributes to Gee 
and Lynott 

A«s,, Jf 

Showbusiness personalities, 
including Les Dennis, Dana, 
The Kranldes and Coronation 
Street's Elizabeth Dawn and 
Thelma Barlow, were among 
mourners at the funeral yester- 
day in Fulford, Yorkshire, for 
Dustin Gee, the televtsioa 
comedian, who died in his 
dressing room last Friday. 

At Richmond* south-west 
London, family and friends of 
Ph3 .Lynott, the rock ringer, 
paid tribute to him at a~ 
Requiem Mass. 


.The Home Office is to c any 
out an inquiry into the dis- 
missal of DefbysijircV former 
chief, fine officer,. Jdr Trevor 
Stevin, ' who lost his job last 
September over disciplinary 
changes, connected with drink- 
driving, and unauthorized 
expenditure op fire service 


£1,000 houses 

i • 

DfY enthusiasts are flocking 
to buy 38 vandalized terraced 
houses at Sfddick, near Wor- 
kington, West Cumbria, Which 
ABcrdaJe council is offering for 
sale at £1,000 each to prevent 
the former milting village from 
being demolished. 

<c ■■ 

Kirsty ‘stable’ 

Kirsty MacDonald, the baby 
who had heart defects corrected 
by a- miniature balloon when 
only two-days old, was 1 de- 
scribed yesterday as “stfll vtty 
poorly, ' but reasonably ‘staUe", . 
at Kiflingbeck Hospitey Leeds: 

Young adults’ volunteer 
scheme sought by SDP 

A national community vol- 
unteer service scheme to bring 
about a big expansion n social 
services, health, education and 
environmental protection pro- 
vision was launched yesterday 
by the Social Democratic Party. 

. In the latest of a number of 
policy discussion papers the 
party says that a scheme to 
develop the wide-scle com- 
munity involvement of Bri- . 
tain's young adults is vital to 
national renewal. 

It singles out for confron- 
tation two specific crises: 
disillusionment, particularly 
amg the young, and an acute 
lack of care forthe sick, elderly 
and increasing numbers of one- 
parent families. 

The Government should set 

By Howard Underwood 

up an enterprising national 
community volunteer service 
agency and appoint individuals 
to its board. Those would 
broadly represent ibe interests 
of volunteer groups, trade 
union, professionals, young 
people and statutory service, 
but would not be appointed .by 
or accountable to those inter- 

The agency would be respon- 
sible to a government minister 
who would be accountable to 
Parliament It should be given 
guidelines to work by and a 
budget which would allow it jo 
run a core of schemes itself and 
to fund other organizations ■ to 
run schemes. 

Leading article, page 11 

Tories win 

Conservative members of the 
Labour-led Lambeth council, 
south London, yesterday won 
an injunction . ending their 
exclusion from council com- 
mittee meetings (Hugh Clayton 
writes). But foe declaration of 
interests that led to the Lam- 
beth dispute is likely to be 
adopted next week by 12 other 
Labour-led councils and foe 
Inner London Education Auth- 
ority. - 

The injunction granted yes- 
terday in a private hearing by 
Mr Justice -Ewbank means that 
Conservatives in Lambeth can 
no longer be kept off com- 
mittees because 'they will hot 
complete foe new forms. 

Servicemen were held in 
‘conditions of oppression’ 


i. ■. 

By Gregory Neale 

Hie eight servicemen acquit- interrogators *haf “confessions” 
ted of espionage offences in lad given under such circumstances 
year’s Cyprus secrets trial were conld he unreliable. . . . . 
held and questioned in con- CJ ., 

ditions . of oppression, foe acJtacJrtf 
mcunrY into their mterroaation “r*. 

• / 

' ■ “ tem * ,don 

Mr Tonr Jtutoe Of mun «4 last October, a ft er • Britain % 
conditions under which the Secrets triaL They tola tile jgry 

men were held, detained and mate fe te onnfe MM 

questioned* hr l^XT rad ' P*™* 

solitary confinement, without mMaT OE*tioa. . • 
legal advice, had in part been The conditions the service- 
due to the military authorities’ men experienced did orastitufe 
concern quickly to detect and oppression, Mr Judge, confend- 
prevent any -threat to national ed, but he flat 

security. there was no. questien^df foe 

But such arguments of men’s interrogators . or their 
necessity were wrong, Mr Judge guards having subjected them to 
'said, and fie wondered why it torture or physicaL : misireat- 
had not occurred to the meni. 

* - . ' 

.4fir . 

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■v. • 

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TPi* - -*■ 




:l or to* 

u tests, 

y :r ' >, 

" ci ■. 

JO k 

o j President Reagan’s call for 
i. m *L m v \ sanctions against Libya ilins- 

• trates one of the fundamental 
problems of- the Atlantic 

5i*V' AlBance; that its cohesJon,' is 
^ * ^^'i^alTfays most likely to be 
. •' threatened by transatlantic 

fc-l': differences over third countries. 
' - Within the. Atlantic region 
. .itself;, there may be disagree- 

' ! 'l «.".■} '‘meals' from lime to: time ova* 

. ~ iS .tactics, towards '. the .Soviet 
Union or' over particular wea- 
pon systems^ but not .over the 
basic , consideration; that' the 
West heeds to -be tooted 1 in 
providing . adequate military 
protection for all members of 
Nato against Soviet military 
*• T-r,* 1 power. ,It was^ after, all, to 
--pi' '''• prevent* the expansion .of that 
p.' power across Emope that Nato 
was established in the first 
place. . 

' r ;'ji , . This concept of West Enro- 
* - ? -j. c P** 11 secmity. is challenged by 
s; minority' sections of opinion in 
. -■ number of anmtries. Bat it 

• '«.’ • » has been accepted np to now by 

- — ' every Plato government. 

... 3, There is' . not*. . however, 
always .the same identity of 
* ^ attitude- or . of interest outside 
the Atlantic region. In the case 
.1 ' . '• • of Libya, there is not - much 
difference . between European 
and American assessments of 
the Gadaffl regime. But the 
British Government, in partiem^ 
Iar,. ; is . sceptical -about .the 
effectiveness of economic sanc- 

That is Why Britain was so 
. reluctant do impose * than 
against Iran at President 
Carter's- behest in 1980 and 
against Sooth Africa last year. 

.- "rij. iThe doubt, relates to the 

- •'•*1 instrument . rather, than the 

: ^ adversary, ■ 

-"■Z' There are also consider- 
-‘-"r: ations of commercial setf-inter- 
; est It would be ranch more 
ft; dama ging for Britain, to break 
-'* i its links with Sooth Africa or 
; for Italy to do so with Libya 

• :.*. than it is for the United States 
, , to take its stand against 

Ch eft Colonel Gadaffi. 

. la facj^ Mr Reagan has acted 
.h\ with more sensitivity towards 
: (to '.European position than 
may lie readily appredated on 
fliis sUi of the Atlantic. At hEs 
press cdtrferem* bn Tuesday 
evening he was, ^remarkably 
understanding.- ; : 

While malting 'fc dear that 
.he would Bke Enropean sop- 
port, he recognized , that- some 
European co«iirfrfesT u inay -have 
problems of their own in their 
own' econoteSsT -j that . ' would 
rauler it nearly impossible for 
them to fete similar : measures. 
He issued a tough warning only 
against ..‘‘other nations moving 
into Libya 7 to take commercial 
advantage of ora departure”. 

It was no that point alone 
that tiie American Ambassa- 
dor, Mr Charles Price, pressed 
Sir Geoffrey Howe at their 
meetiogon Wednesday. There 
was a. ready response. The 
British Government will not 
take any "steps: which would 
undercut the V American 
measures. No feathers have 
. _ been, raffled at the Fprejgp 
V.-j. Office by that , meeting, In 
sharp contrast, to previous 
occasions when .the. United 
Slates has:' been seeking lb. 
bludgeon -Its allies: into econ- 
omic boycotts. 

Nor: is President Reagan's 
action' as 'draconian an many 
Americans would have liked. 
An ABC News' poll taken 
immediately after his press 
s 55 conference showed a majority 
. . of 53 per cent favoasring 
,* 0 * military action against Colonel 

■ Gadafli if the- United States. 

~ believed he had . aided the 

; terrorist attacks on Americans 
- and more than 80 per cent 
- : believed be had in fact pteyed 
' 'J ; !V cither a major or a minor role, 

<'■' So Governments' on botit 
sides of the Atlantic are ta k i n g 
deliberate care to avoid another 
'./-Alliance crisis over this boy- 
: - «»«. ft is recognized here that 
Mr Reagan has to take soma' 

- firm actum to. satisfy a large 

- and important - section, of his 
own public opinion, and he bus 

’ : fl acknowledged the limitations 
;i 11 on European action. 

j U nfortana tely, this staites- 
_ — mans hip on the part of 
l governments 1 does .qot dispose 
, I / the problem; There r em a ins 
A II the danger that : Enropean 

■ If 3|pbUc. opinion may once, again 
fil I -believe that Mr- Reagan has 

V V been impulsive kind that many 

V ^ Americans may condnde that 
■ the Europeans have been as 

feeble as ever. . 

It is, moreover, the kind of 
danger that is likely to recur 
more frequently these days 
because Europe is no longer 
soch a focus of strategic 
anxiety as it was when Nato 
was established. It is in parts of 
the world not covered by the 
Soriet-Amcrican strategic bal- 
ance, such as Central America, 
Africa and the Middle East, 
that incidents are 'now more 
liable to occur, " 

There -is ho . possibility of. 
Nato operating as a ww^Wwidc 

( ‘alliance^ ^WWit; isvneectfed,; b- 
rcspccffoncach .side' al’. the J 
Atlantic for :/iht Vpartiahtr 
concerns of the othpr- Jhat 

should J>e remembered when - 
- other episodes 'i'arise ‘ 
provgke sharper jcmfiicts . of 
^ interest - and -entotion than 

yi.i1)Vfl ilnKlnJtv 

■ f'i 

■r? ir 

From Trevor Fishlock. New York 

The’ nine-year baulcLof giaiits : ' The court victory is signifi- 
ovct the instant photography cant -for- Polaroid; about nine- 
business 1 ended with defeat fer : tenths 1 or its business is tied to 
Kodik and victory, for- the instant pTiotography. Its sales 
3>olar6id company, which.pion r totaDcd $I.S WIioD in 1984. 
ecired-the process. . ‘ ' ’■ ■*. *' • Kodak had about a quarter of 

Kodak yesterday obeyed a' the American instant picture 
court order and stopped . pip- .maiket, ■ a market that has 
ducuon and mariceting of .its dectined since 1978 with the 
instan t, cameras and. films. It development of simpler and 
prepared- to -.write off.' plant more effident 35mm cameras 
worth, ' tens of minions of. and processing. 

‘ I**** i* M ™ means 
the prippSng for Kodak. It is a 
much larger company and the 
protracted _ parent action left itertant. ‘picture market rep- 

dMfcs ihai g'rtM-.irfhsilO.SbmionsilB 
a^ .y cuM.rece tvg.qediB for .. ^ ‘ Kod3k a coaccmc6 

m about ihe~outc6me of another 
le 8al baffle: Polaroid’s claim for 
exchange their cameras for da^ag^ Polaroid said •* A -— 

company stock ^ for a disc . day S^^^raera 

S^sn//^ Kod?k C °“ P ° nS «>“ injurSTS”. And-.Kodak 
worth 550 (£34) ,_..made more than 16 million of 

-Defeat for Koctak came with then,; Polaroid is likely to seek 
a Supreme Q>urt judge s refiisal damages of more than SI 
to allow the company s. last- billion 

v^S?^K* i ^; Stay c 1 J^ e With* the- news of - the court 

aPlffjmige u?bdd t£ 


patents^, some of them held by 
Mr Edwin- Land, who invented 

was up SI 25, to $44.50. 

It is* not dear what effect the 

the Polaroid in 1947 and holds deemon wtil have on the 

more pautots than any Amen- Japanese Fujr company, which 
Thomas makes an instant camera 

can inventor since 

Exchange offer 

Owners of 

Polaroid went to law in 1976. Kodak’s instant cameras in 
saying Kodak had copied the- Britain have been promised 
advanced Polaroid SX-70 auto- generous exchange terms (Sheila 
matic camera- - . • Beardall writes): 

Japan tries to head 

. . From Our Own Correspondent, Tokyo 

The Japaneses Foreign Minis- 
ter is in the United Slates 
attempting to bead off a new 
deluge.of criticism when the US 
trade figures for last year are 
announced shortly. Japan’s 
share -of. the American .trade 
deficit js' expected* to be about. 
$50 billion (£35 billion). ' . 

Mr .Shintaro Abe is spdrifi-' 
cally hoping that his visit can 
conclude negotiations on the 
opening of the' Japanese market 
in four -key sectors to head off 
another round of congressional : 
fury. 1 - : 

Negotiations began a year ago 
on the four areas, telecommuni- 
cations, electronics, pharmaceu- 
ticals and forestry products: 
Significant progress seems to 
have been made in all areas 
except forestry, where there is 
still disagreemenT on tariff cuts 
on imported plywood. ' 

Mr Abe wUl be trying hard to 
convince Mr George Shultz, the ' 
US Secretary of State, that 

Japan, as & free-trader, is doing 
aU it can to help President 
Reagan defeat the more serious 
of the 300 protectionist Bills 
pending in Congress. He can 
point to neiw investment in the 
US, including :a new Toyota 
manufacturing plant and recent 
purchases of Boeing airliners by 
All "Nippon Airways. 

Mr Abe Is also expected to 
give Japan’s response to Ameri- 
can requests for . co-operation 
with sanctions against Libya 
- He will undoubtedly also 
emphasize the feet that defence 
and overseas development aid 
were, the only two areas which 
got increased funding under the 
1986 . budget when he sees Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the Defence 
Secretary. Defence expenditure 
went up bv 6.58 per cent The 
Japanese, however, are not yet 
in a position to respond to the 
American request to participate 
in Strategic Defence Initiative 

Sanyo head 
to resign 
after deaths 

From David Watts . 

The president: of one of 
Japan's leading electrical- com- 
panies, .Sanyo Electric, has 
offered to resign; after four 
people died in incidents attri- 
bute, to the company’s heaters. 

Mr Kaoru foe will offer his 
resignation at a general stock- 
holders’ meeting next month. 
Fellow directors of the affiliated 
Tokyo Sanyo Electric Co have 
also offered their resignations 
partly in response to the 
Japanese tradition, of. senior 
management and government 
officials taking responsibility for 
the errors of their subordinates, 
but also out of sympathy for. the 
man .who had built- Sanyo's 
sales.iip to the 1,000 billion yen 
mark by the end of last Year. 

Mr Iue told a local newspaper 
“I was told about the -possibility 
of insufficient burning by the 
heaters in May .and June last 
year. I deeply regret tbe lack of 
necessary action to cope with 
the problem at that time. I will 
lake ' all responsibility.” 

Spain profits 
from trade 
with Rock 

From -Dominique Searle 

Spain has ' made a greater 
profit oat id foe opening of the 
Gibraltar frontier than the 
colony, itself, according to a 
report by the Gibraltar Govern- 
ment's economic adviser just 
made public: 

The report, copies of which 
were, made available to the 
Spanish Foreign Ministry, says 
that- exports from Spain to 
Gibraltar doubled in the first 
quarter of 1985 to £5 million. It 
adds that while Gibraltarian 
expenditure is currently some 
£15 million a year (his can be 
expected- to rise to at least £20 
million to £30 nuIHon. Most of 
this money is being spent on 
food, household goods and 
construction materials. 

r . The “significant boom" in 
tourism means that £20 million 
has bees spent by some two 
million visitors to the. Rock 
since normalization of re- 
lations. Tbe average annual 
figure for visitors in the 
previons 10 years was 150,000. 

Plea for $5bn drive 
to tackle acid rain 

From Michael Braydn^ Bonn 

.. President - Reagan and- Mr 
Brian Mulroney, the Canadian 
Prime.. Munster,, bate ; been 
given reports by their special 
negotiators calling on the US 
Government and industry to 
spend 55,000 million (£3,400 
mDJioa) in the next five years to 
develop ways of controlling arid 
rain. •’ 

Mr Drew Lewis,' a former 
W S Transport Secretary em- 
powered to deal' with the most 
vexed, issue between the- two 
countries, , said that acid rain, 
induced by US industry and 
. ailing in Canada, was an 

increasingly serio&s problem in 

both countries. . 

The report said there were 
til too many sdriitfflc oncer-. 
Utilities: to: eliminate- pollution 
from , specific sources. -But t it . 
wdnf :-heyond r ;dteAdmims-“ 
tration’s ^Ser- call -for more 
research by , urging the. innnedK 
ate ^kchholfigy. 

to reduce sulpbaf emission. 

Canada has been calling for 
emtrifu* reductions in these 

emissions, mainly from coal- 
fired .-power' plants in . the 
Middle West; and may still 
seek them' later. Bnt Ottawa, 
whose representative was Mr 
William Davis, , a former 
Premier of Ontario, is etpected. 
to welcome the report. 

Some of the proposed $5,000 
million, split evenly between 
US Government and industry, 
would be spent ou a commercial 
project to demonstrate cleaner 
methods of burning coal. Tbe 
report does not say how 
industry’s share would be 
raised. . 

• At a-time of proposed cuts in 
US Government spending, the 
recommendation puts Mr 

Reagan in a difficult position. 
'He is unwiDiiig- to spend the 
money, but cannot ignore the 
report, commissioned at the 
last US-Canadian summit in 
March, because of the depths 
;cf Canadiaa feeling and the 
political tension surrounding 
acid rain. He is likely to give 
only a low-key response. 

John Sanchez weeping over the coffin- of his half-brother Felipe Garza, aged 15, in California. Felipe, who died last 
week, had asked his parents for his heart to be given to his girlfriend Donna Ashlock, aged 14. She underwent a 

transplant operation. 

All eyes on Botha to stop economic rot 

From Michael Hornsby 

Dr Fritz Leutwiler, the Swiss 
banher acting as mediator in 
Pretoria's efforts to reschedule 
part of its foreign debts, arrives 
in South Africa today for talks 
with- finan cial and political 

His visit will begin a testing 
period for South Africa's once- 
m vincible economy. 

All qyes will be on President 
Botha when he makes the 
keynote policy statement at the 
opening of Parliament in -Cape 
Town at the end of this month. 
It is widely seen as a last chance 
to convince . the. world com- 
munity that Pretoria is genu- 
inely committed to the abol- 
ition of apartheid and the sort 
of reforms that could defuse 
domestic unrest. 

It. was. Mr Botha’s disas- 
trously anti-climatic speccteto a 
National Party congress in 
Durban on'Augost 15, which 
bad beep billed as an important 

statement of reform but in the 
event contained little of sub- 
stance, that sent the rand into a 
nosedive, and prompted Ameri- 
can bankers to call in some of 
their short-term loans. Th e 
behaviour of international 
bankers may be hypocritical but 
their change of attitude is a 
reality, and - one of the most 
effective forms of international 
pressure Pretoria has faced 
The South African currency 
has started to show some signs 
of recovery only in the past few 
weeks. Between June and the 
end of November the rand's 
value declined by 50 per cent 
against sterling. 

This fen has sharply boosted 
inflation, which is now running 
at nearly 17 per cent and could 
go as high as 20 per cenL 

A bizarre side-effect has been 
a speculative boom on the 
Johannesburg Stock Exchange. 
Financial analysts say people 
are investing in shares, however 
uncertain .they may be, as a 
store of value; in an attempt to 

protect themselves against still 
higher rates of inflation and 
further fells in the value of the 
rand. Business Day. the coun- 
try's main financial paper, has. 
described tbe boom as “a 
collective act of desperation". 

Pretoria responded at the end 
of .August by suspending for 
four months repayments of 
principal (interest payments 
continued) on same Si 4,000 
million (£9,525 million) of its 
estimated S24,000 million of 
foreign debt. 

Last month, when it became 
clear that agreement on re- 
scheduling these debts was still 
not in sight, Pretoria unilater- 
ally extended the repayment 
"standstill" until March 31 

In addition, through Dr 
Leutwiler, Pretoria has circu- 
lated to about 30 leading 
creditor banks proposals which, 
it is understood, would post- 
pone repayments of capital until 
1990, with interest rates on 
these loans continuing at the 
present levels. 

Not surprisingly, the South 
African proposals, seen as the 
first shot in prolonged and 
hard-fought negotiations, have 
infuriated the banking com- 
munity. Apart from anything 
else, Pretoria would effectively 
be turning short-term loans into 
medium-term ones, which 
would normally carry a higher 
rate of interest. 

After an estimated drop of 
0.5 per cent in 1985, gross 
domestic product is forecast to 
grow by three per cent this year. 
But with the black population 
(which accounts for more than 
70 per cent of the total 
population of some 32 million) 
increasing by at least 2.8 per 
cent a year, it is estimated that 
economic growth of five per 
cent is needed to begin reducing 
a black unemployment rate of| 
about 25 per cent. Foreign 
capital investment, now vir- 
tually non-existent, is con- 
sidered vital to achieve this. 

Swiss mediator, page 19 

Hong Kong 
by appeal 
for stateless 

From David Bona via 
Hong Kong 

Top Hong Kong legislators 
were jubilant yesterda;y after 
their unanimous derision to 
press Britain to grant access to 
the UK for people here who fear 
they will become stateless after 
reversion of the territory to 
Chinese sovereignty in 1997. 

Miss Lydia Dunn, the senior 
unofficial member of the 
Legislative Council, was widelv 
congratulated on a tough speech 
she made on behalf of some 
6,000 ethnic Indians and other 
people, including some who 
fought the Japanese here in 

However, unofficial members 
of the council have put off plans 
to visit Britain and lobby there 
before the Commons debate on 

Miss Dunn said after this 
week's Legislative Council 
debate: “Wc consider that these 
modest requests are the very 
least the people of Hong Kong 
can expect to see satisfied after 
nearly a century and a half of 
British rule." 

Ethnic Indians holding Brit- 
ish Dependent Territory Citizen 
(BCDTC) passports have ar- 
gued that under the present 
arrangements their great-grand- 
children will be stateless, since 
the Chinese Government will 
not automatically grant them 
the status of citizens of “Hong 
Kong, China" which is expected 
to be accorded eventually to all 
ethnic Chinese here. 

More than three million 
ethnic Chinese in Hong Kong 
are entitled to BDTC passports, 
which however do not accord 
them automatic right of entry or 
abode in the UK. 

The Hong Kong Government 
proposes to introduce a new 
passport for “British nationals 
(overseas)", which would state 
that the holder had the right of 
abode in Hong Kong, but would 
be valid only if the holder had a 
Hong Kong identity card. This 
proposal is still controversial. 

Closed door, page 10 

announce a 


L- 5 *. -. • 

; sw'W'iVi.-™,. . 

■S. a; . i # , ■ 1 

To have your say, you may either attend 
Tuesday's meeting in London or get your 
proxy to the registrars in Bristol by 10.30am 
Sunday 12th January at the latest 
„ - Here’s one further proxy form. 

’ To help you meet the deadline, you can 
deliver it to us at any of the addresses opposite 
between 9.00am and 5.00pm Friday dr 

U : . WIT then get it delivered for you. 

If you don’t get it to us by 5.00pm on 
Saturday, we won’t be able to get it there in time. 


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PO Box 82, 37 Broad Sl, Bristol BS99 7NH. 

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Avon BS24 9AB. 

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Wight P032 6RH. 

If you have difficulty in returning your 
proxy in time you can call 01-583 1398 between 
10.00am and 8.00pm Friday or Saturday and 
well do our best to help you. 

.. Don’t forget. The Westland Board strong- 
ly recommend the partnership with UTC/Fiat. 

' Please return foe proxy form to The Registrar Westland pic. National Westminster 
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,| foem'qfPriiry (be use at tbe Extraordinary General Meeting of Westland pk ("the Company”) to 

I- beheld oiu Ihesdag 14th Jammy 1986. 

T iAfethc undenigiied bcrng(a) members) of the Company hereby appoint the Chairman ot the 
1 -Meeting or(«ee note 1) — : — — — — 




Number 1: Ordinary Resolution 

Number 2: Special Resolution 

Number 3: Special Resolution proxy to vote for me/us on my/om behalf a the Extraordinary General Meeting, of tbe 
Corppaoy convened forlOJOzm on Mthjanuaiy, 1986 and at any adioumment thereof. 
yWfe direct tbaroiy/oor mte(i) be cast on fee resolutions tefored to in the Notice j of Meetings indicated 
by an X as shown opposite and on any other resolution in such maouer u myteur proxy thmksfit: 

® at ^- . ■; - • • - - Firwarxrto'M BLOCK CAHTAIS 

Signatures) — 
Nainas) in folk 


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I Plw iwfcji. bt» ‘W*nti riir pio»t id vok m mpari the retdw^wv )l no 

[Lr prxf — it] dd he rp nxr 

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onda -t«h « n tjprd W * IKUnJir nrtibcd top. itacofl imw b* lodjpd wot ibr Con^unr'i 
■Rfpuu?. iSomhI tamiMM Bait PlC.B»*wr»rt D^watti.PO.Bai KjrBmd Sw«,Btiuri 
BW 7YA dm ln« dua H ban briar iW m bin! lor ibe mrruq; of adjoa ntd <nm»t 
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hdbjibr I d«h QlW< . 

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mliwauflbi— LdJn 1 «Jk.ili.f«rtp<iniciil'-lllrAlr*njeilbrlie 

ordmn-buhibeaiBHiLiediBiht npttn.lwilviumolillboUmDMbeibum. 
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Reagan’s Libya boycott 

backs us prepared for 
eec talks a long haul 

punish Gadaffi 

France has agreed to seek an t 

rorgent EEC meeting to discuss x 

US calls for sanctions against The Whil 
Ubya, the Foreign Ministry in but undaunted 
Fans said yesterday. Europe’s rei 

The meeting had been dent 
suggested by Italy and Greece. ^ °f .Lib 
An emergency meeting can be ^ punishi 
considered only if three EEC lhe Libya” 
states call for one. No date has m S terrorist] 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 
The White House, dismayed the Libyan Embassy in London. 

Western He emphasized that the US 

Europe’s refusal to join Presd- 'was offering to work with 
dent Reagan's economic boy- European and moderate Arab 
cott of Ubya, said yesterday governments. “We will see 
that punishing Colonel Gadaffi, whether or not the offer is 
the Libyan leader, for support- seized. The opportunity is 

- — I«m«i tHmp 71 I tiMw me QnMiriir 

In London the Foreign 
Office said it would consider 
any proposals for a special 
meeting of EEC foregin minis- 
ters to discuss closer co-ordi- 
nation in the fight against 
terrorism. Officials said it was 
np to the Dutch, who now' hold 
the EEC presidency, to call 
such a meeting. 

Meanwhile Canadian 

officials said they had urged 
C a na d ian - businesses not to 
undermine US sanctions 
against Libya. The Ottawa 
Government is considering 
further steps requested by 

In Ankara Mr Tnrgut OzaL, 
the Ttarioah Prime Minister, 
f*™ Turkey’s ties with Tripoli 
took priority over US calls for 

“Turkey has long-standing 
good relations with Libya. 
Therefore, we view this [call] in 
this respect,” he told reporters. 

“Our relations are more on 
an economic basis and Turkey 
has long-term ties lyith Libva. 
We cannot ignore this.” 

Egypt, one of Washington’s 
chief Arab allies, said it would 
not follow the US example and 
withdraw its worker from 
neighbouring Libya. 

Mr Abdel-Halim Abu Gha- 
zahu the Defence Minister, in a 
cautious first official reaction to 
President Reagan's rail, said: 
“If the United States decides to 
do that, h is its own business 
and we have no right to 

To Addis Ababa the Organi- 
zation of African Unity came 
out in support of Libya but 
called on both parties to 
exercise restraint in order to 
create dialogue. 

In Tonis Arab foreign, 
economy, and finance ministers 
will: meet next Monday for a 
special session of the Arab 
League ministerial council to 
discuss the US measures. The 
meeting is at Libya’s request. 

ing terrorism would be “a long there.” There was areatiy some 
process” and that “we are in for co-operation with moderate 
a lone haul”. Arab countries, “but there are 

a long haul”. Arab countries, “but i 

Mr Reagan has launched a obviously limitations”. 

SRIU B * said Western Europe was 

.Arab countries that they are ^SStSSSSSSSSSS^ 
dangerouslv exposed to Colonel S2KS££?«t riSJSJflSSJ 

Gadaffi 's i^ixonsm and that it is development that was going to 
in their interests to impose 11 to ° costiy t®. «>nunue 

sanctions. The Administration “ us y ai wtl1 Libya, 

may send an emissary to ^^?, h ^S5 n ^ ,VemmeQlS ’ 
Europe to encourage a more loc - threatened. 

sympathetic response to the The Administration 
American position. edges that neither its e 

. Mr Robert Oakley, the boycott nor its frw 
Administration's counter- ter- Libyan assets in the 
rorism expert, said yesterday have any serious effec 
that the US was “not lecturing” Libyan economy but 1 

The A d m i ni stration acknowl- 
edges that neither its economic 
boycott nor its freezing of 
Libyan assets in the US will 
have any serious effect on the 
Libyan economy, but hopes the 

Atlantic Coy, Near 'Ifee* 
(Ratter} - A sratekt oat * 
Q8 S tri»dtiHd state 
nearly cause a crash before 
another passenger beat him 
unconscious. Southern Jtamy 
.Airways said. 

Doras * fight for the 
controls, the pfarne aoaedived 

twice, dropping 2,000 ft i& the 
first dive and: o o atiag efo te 
crashing in tbe satimL ?• 

The p asa c ag x who rescued 
the pilot, who was bang hb by 
the enraged racket, said he 
acted “beaame Z thought I *u 
going to tfie. After c%ht or, an* 
punches. I knocked inpinL" 

The smoker i* be charged 
with interfering with 
which carries a maxamnu 
penalty of 20 yeart imprbon- 
ment. • 

national terrorism. Amc 
examples, he sited the siege 

than £400 million 

ronsm expert, said yesterdav have any serious effect on the O nirtA AllfnC 
that the US was “not lecturing Libyan economy, but hopes the IVUIllt kUl U3 
friendly countries, but America action will help harden the g 

shared a common concern with attitude of friendly govern- QTTS16 CQ 1 06 
Western European and moder- meats towards Colonel Gadaffi. Z* 1 * 3 

ate Arab Governments that had Libya mainlv y* ?sh in the i i 

been threatened by inter- United States probably no more ftFlO WOFKCrS 

nauonai terrorism. .Among than £400 million (£280 mil- *** 

examples, he sited the siege of lion). F rom j 0 hn Earle 

Public rift in Bonn i^-Sssas 

from taking jobs left vacant by 
From Frank Johnson, Bonn the withdrawal of expatriate 

The United States and West Rome and Vienna airport 
Germany aired their disagree- attacks. ^ S&Sa25° Aadmtta ' 

ment over sanctions on Libya This was the only point of ™ * 

yesterday, with conflicting pub- agreement between hS KoU af S S JS£ ASSETS 
lie comments, however cour- and Mr Burt. The ambassador 
teously phrased, by the Chan- took the unusual step of calling 
v&ac, Herr Helmut KohL and a pms conference to ad v<Ste^ 

*? US Ambassador. Mr policy already rqmedbTtte totino^d^S' ItdfS 

Hm Si told a mass **** ‘"’T" eS^ii^SSItioJasa 

Herr Kohl told a press tne west German view that reorisal for Libva’s sunoort for 

conference that as Chancellor sanctions were unworkable, Mr pEJ terroriSi ^ 

he must especially consider the Burt said it was “an academic iS?° mj ! 

tZ W” 1 GermmS UW ” e “ a ^™'’ comply £h S o“ 

tS forforat _,Mic unlike lhe S B "F® were its own. but has asked for a 
theUnittdStaS? Sd 10 ^ve worked. Using meeting of European Com- 

States, had no oil an example which many in munity foreign mimSere to take 

«* *** ^ ° D r Brilain would dispute, he ” rommon sSd “We are 

Jf5 added: “Rhodesia is jEst one of 2 tiiaUHs Europe as a 

ns on imports, he said In ant them Th**r*» an» ntkm *• • 5 ... 

Libyans protesting in Tripoli over US action a g a ins t Colonel GadafiTs regime 

rbs I Pressure on US TV network 

‘Russian coup 9 series halted 

Public rift in Bonn 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

The United States and West Rome and Vienna airpoi 
Germany aired their disagree- attacks, 
ment over sanctions on Libya This was the only point < 

From Trevor Fishlock 
New York 

An American television net- 
work has stopped work on a 
drama series showing America 
under the heel of Russian 
occupiers. The Soviet Govern- 
ment recently criticized the. 
production, including it in a list 
of films, with Sambo and 
Rocky IVy which it said incited 
anti-rnssian feelings. 

Hinting had not started on 
the television series, which is 
called Antaika and was being 
nwih by ABC Entertainment. 
It is set in the United States 10 
years after KGB agents take 
over the orantry in a bloodless 
coup. The script calls for 
America to be depicted as drab, 

with people queueing for food 
and finding solace in drink and 

ABC says it Is postponing 
work on the series. A spokes* 
man at the Soviet Embassy in 
Washington expressed satWa* 
efton with, the decision, sayteg 
that “it is a good sign that the 
spirit of Geneva has been taken 
into He 

that the idea that Russians 
'would capture the United 
States was wrong, and Oat 
“such a film would not 
facilitate understanding 

between oar two countries.” 

ABC indicated that they had 
been “leaned an” by the 
Russians. The ABC New 
Moscow bureau chief had been 

called to the Foreign Mkastty 
where it was suggested that it 
would be unfortunate if the 
relations ABC News had in 
Moscow diminished. 

“ But even before the Russians 
expressed concern, the series 
was in difficulty- The company 
bul g e d at a proposed $50 
mil l inn (£333 mfllian ) budget 
and ordered the series reduced 
from 36 to 12 hoars, costing 
S32 million. 

ABC Entertirimnent said 
that production, dne to start 
this month, had been post-, 
poned for money reasons. 

The nature of foe series, and 
the Russians’ concern and 
wanting, will be cantdate 
when a final derision b made. 

-£The few 
group -of 96 US mstitetr-tijpped 
cniae nassOe* has arrived at an 
American air hue in "West 
Germany, acconQng to a jqkfio 
news broadcast beat. fr, »aj 
they were stored at the Hahn 
base in the Hnmrtck »» 
about 68 miles men of Wks- 

them. There are others.’ 

caseV the amount of crei't Tor “ inereareolh ^” whole which must give a reply WJUI u AVI! 

export business with Libya has Mr Burt depicted Libja as g ff 8 . n ^ S5F Sj] nrifli T Aflllrm 

been cut since 1 took office, being as much of a threat to WllH JL/ODuOll 

Lagos ‘back ANC pledge to step 
on track’ U p war on Pretoria 

that initiatives to combat 
terrorism must also take into 

from DM10 billion to DM7 West Germany as to the US. . 1 . initiatives to comoat 
billion at the present time.” mentioniiig the murder of a terronsm must also take mto 
H K h , -j R , . Libyan dissident in Bonn last a ^-° ur } l ..^ e . ^^ncal problems 

Herr K.ohl said Bonn would » Dri j — which M rrerman*; oftheMiddte East in general, 
take part in any consultations wounded. Signor Oscar Luigi Sxalfaro, 

concerning the struggle against the Interior Minister, is to visit 

terrorism. His government had Mr Burt later met the Foreign Vienna, London, and Paris, 
“unmistakable suspicions” and Minister, Herr Hans- Dietrich urging closer European collabo- 
“a range of evidence” that Genscher, the Cabinet's stron- ration and exchanges of infor- 
Libya was responsible for the gest opponent of sanctions. mation against terrorism. 

Libyan dissident in Bonn last •2»um .Jf. problems 

April in which two Germans Middle East in general, 

were wounded. Sl gnor Oscar Luigi Sxalfaro, 

the Intenor Minister, is to visit 
Mr Burt later met the Foreign Vienna, London, and Paris, 

u rr r," .. ? _ . ,, ■ . 

of the African National Con- 
gress, yesterday marked the 
organizations the 74th anniver- 

people's war” to make South 
Africa “ungpveniaUe - : and 

sary with a pledge to escalate apartheid unworkable”, 
the campaign of unrest and u . 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

By Nicholas Ashford I Mr Oliver Tam bo, president serious township unrest, Mr 

Diplomatic Correspondent ■ I of the African National Con- Tam bo called for “a real 

I BfMC nCfimliM nwrlr«v( th* mmUV jikw * 1 - tn hmIm - CmiH. 

Professor Bo^ji AJdnyemi, 

Nigeria's Foreim Minister, 
called yesterday for the impo- 
sition of mandatory economic 
sanctions against South Africa. 

Addressing; a press conference 
at the end ofa three-day official 
visit to Britain, he said Nigeria 
did not want to destroy the 

Sooth African economy, but he ££1 S nf £ patriots” in South Africa to 

Mkvai-ttat south Aica war EMSSK25B5 

give way before that happens”. cSl end white minority ^ 

domination.” ^ ^ 

His lengthy statement add # CAPE TOWN: A dctegation 

subsequent pres conference of Six US con^essmen ccm- 

were due to lave been made on tinued their fact-finding tour of 

Wednesday but were postponed South Africa yesteroay by 

“due to circumstances beyond meeting the moderate Zulu 

our control”, ANC officials leader. Chief Gatsha Buthelea, 

said. who asked them “not to tolerate 

He ^ gueiriflas of 
Unvaomo WeSLtwe.ibt AXC* 
iS2S ^ to military wing, to inflict Inapr 
i Nows at every stage* 4 J®am3*e 

Pretoria Government He also 
Zambian capita!, Mr Tambo appealed - . to “whfre - cosst- 

iS in South Africa to 

Uganda’s need 

Kampala (AFP> > Unnda 
needs. «t least S 7 A frjy j 

raiUkmJ to sowtikt UxQlOO 
people displaced ^ fry foot ws 
of- guerrilla ' war . and tn 
additional 250,000 U*a»fc» 
returning from; Sudan and 
Zaire, a yrew nm eat ^tifitial 

’’ : V • 1“ _• 

Lutheran arm 

Geneva (AP)-^ thr Lutheran 
Worid . FederttSou, ritmg u 
“unfortunatecakatiation CTrOr," 
mcreasod^ ^ iftf rtcnntiy Med 
work! dmrefa ratoi b e tslu p fig. 
ures by neariy oste mfifimt It 
had Jeff our the Lutherans, in 
West Germany. The revised 
total Was68,444v$45. . 


Pa «t d fttM , C a lrforgM (Reuter) 
- Long-range photograph* ssb 
by the Voyager J spacecraft 
have shorn; a tiny, mwiously 
unknown moon ofolting the 
planer Uranus, tbe -US sfmec 
a gency aimmmced. the moon. 

b=s== =s= ^rhe famous Maples 
of Tottenham Court Road Sale is now on! 
Rot only fantastic savings on our full range 
of quality furniture and carpets but also 

You really just can't afford to miss it. 

Derive nt Richmond 
3-pisce Suite (illustrated). 

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Choice of fashionable covers 

Available as separate items: 

3-seat Sofa 

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Also available (not illus.) 
2-seat Sofa 
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SALE PRICE £499.95 

give way before that happens”. 
He urged Britain to think again 
on hs opposition to sanctions. 

He declined to comment on 
die coming visit to southern 
Africa of the Commonwealth 
group of eminent persons which 
is seeking to promote dialogue 
between Pretoria and represen- 
tative blade leaders towards 
ending apartheid. 

The minister said that as a 
result of bis talks with Mrs 
Thatcher and other members of 
her government,. there no longer ; 
remained any obstacle in the 
way of normalizing diplomatic 
relations between London and 
Lagos. “We are back on track.” 

Asked whether he would 
advise President Babangida to 
upgrade diplomatic relations 
between Brilain and Nigeria to 
the level of high commissioner, 
he said: “I will leave yon to 
draw your own conclusions.” 

The two countries withdrew 
their high commissioners after 
the attempt to kidnap Mr 
Umaru Dikko, a former Nige- 
rian minister, from London in 
July 1984. 

Healing touch, page 10 
Debt deadlock, page 15 




From Jonathan Braude 
Brussels . 

The brutal murder of a 
Belgian aims salesman by what 
appear to be professional killers 
is the subject of a large-scale 
police inquiry here. ■ 

Mr Juan Mendes Playa, 
America sales manager for 
Belgium’s largest terms manu- 
facturer, Fabnque National^ 
HerstaL, was ' found , with six 
9mm pistol ballets in his body 
in a locked .car on the Brussds- 
Namur motorway onTuesday. 

Tfie Public Prosecutor's of- 
fice in die small --town of 
Nivelks,- near where the body 
was found by a motorist, said 
that the police had nothing to 
go otl in the search for the killer, 
but it added that the inquiry 
would not ignore the possibility, 
“however remote”* of terrorist 

The- Public Prosecutor, Mr 
Jean de Pretre, said . that the 
Madrid-born salesman was now 
a Belgian citizen, and there was 
nothing to link k™ to Basque 

He also urged gueiriflas of I designated - 19&5 UI and esti- 
Unvaonio We Sizwe, the ANCs { mated at 3? n rifes ia 

- •*-«- is the^ sfcctfr known to orbit 

Umm. . • \ 

Liberia squeeze 

F ree town (AFP) * The 
Uberiaa Government raised the 

. i price of imported cion and 

• CAPE TOWN: A delegation f «PP«xitod aRoas fo ensure that 

m con. trades* did nor sett at prices 
gtonr of fi»e oflfcial .feveL The 
day - by decision Was teen af I moire to 


were due to have been made on tinued their fact-finding tear, of 
Wednesday but were postponed South Africa yesteroay by 
“due to circumstances beyond meeting die moderate Zulu 

our control”, ANC officials leader. Chief Gatsha Buthelea. , — ... 

said. who asked them “not to tolerate ^ 1 , » 

Addressing himself to South that in our society which they ifyil gR nfllll 
Africa’s young urban blacks, would not tolerate in their own” ® - - 

who have mounted waves of (AFP reports). 


■ . • customs officials seized a record 
r- - amount of dra» worth £72 
:'i*. millkm near . Bombay. Dis- 
coveryofl 3291b of herksa and 
4.6 tonnes of bidde e 

under haystacks on a fenn was 
believed the biggest haul ever 
made in India. 

mM Bleak house ’ 

^Wf T oId reduse who had ordered the 
beat cut off to his house, was 
kJ 's;; found frozen to death ift bed. a 

few ’* ct ^°m a box staffed with 
m& vj nearly $200,000 in cash, pofice 
said bene. 

8H' ‘Spy’ hanged . 

. D ama scu s (AJP? - A 23-year- 
old Syrian sentenced to death 
by a military tribunal for frying 
for Israel, was hang wi in public 
in a SQuare here, ooeday i fler 
ms brother was exeemed on the 
same charges; 

Skiers killed 

Vienna - Three skiers were 
MUed by an .ayalaiH&e near the 
Gros^ockner - in 

south-west Austria. TBe owd* 
eH; Austrians, are befievedto 
have set off the «v»lzn<*e whfle 

Gypsy challenge 

orgaoizatitMi admitted the 
ItiUing, he said. 

But Mr Robert -Sauvage, 
acting spokesman for FN 
Hezstol, suggested that the 
Idtling might smtrM Bh o nr be 
connected with a buiglaxy at the 
home of Mr . Mendes two. years 
ago when -a personal collection 
or arms was stolen. 

kimr-eim ; “«ny hjui tne leogm on a 

King-size cigarette has been nnveHed by T oshiba in Tokyo. 



of authenticated handma 

Persian &Orienl 
carpets, rugs and ru 

l^wssBiatesiaEaftaij s 

5H?2L*2diS!f WPgEDi AT A LATER DATE, mdudfrn 


... . 12th, « 3pm. 

Genmas gypafes 


View: Friday,; 

• „ : balunc 

28 RofislynHHI, Hampstead, 

,«■ major 


tfifv 0 * ^ 




i*r u 

■■*>Jv V S 

* ’■■. \ 
: , ' ii- 

* ■».< 

j -. < ‘i: 

■** „’!■ 

~ <i .*■« 


l neri5 

■ - --!..:> 



Long and vicious 

over French Bill 
on ^ work fi^urs ^ 

' :.From.Diaiia<S«l&s, Wris \ * 

Government that greater, 
French, flexibility in wotfcconditioSS 
SSfWLSfiL T "V- necessary to mddennre^S 
u P" rts - '.wrtwiy- and-acrefore-is^in 
rJSSm 5 ^ S^S™? 5 m pr ^ essential weajxm in-thefight 

SSSa ~ - --• 

was itopMed jn an exfraordi- . jHw 'main employers moa- 
naxy session yesterday to debate atlon r the CNPF, odfeT the 
the Govemmenf s hotly-con- on the grtrahd.jhkt it does 
tested BUI on flexible working not go farenoughrlf -wants “real 
hoars. - - flexibility", redacting the foe- 

The BiD, which is opposed by dom 10 lay off workers without 
employee and unions, would . *?* need for prior gbyenunent 
bt^etbe present mid mould of P*nnission;fewer restrictions in 
the 39-hour worHng w*v j t the conditions ^attached xo 
would allow. - management to . employing new w or ke r s . . ., 
require employees to work opto Some werc . surprised that the' 

41 hours a week, without Government decided to revive 
overtime ,, pay, provided ..the wfaat s likely to be- a Jong ^ 
average working week over the vicious battle so soon before the!, 
year aid not exceed ;38 hours, or ejections. But the alternative 

up tp44])Qnrsawedc,.pnmded was re be accused of weakness 
theavefage working week did ■ in the to of the onslaught by' 

. not exceed 37^ hours. ■ -its erst while . fnllwipu** -the 

The mode rate Force Onyrifere . Communists, wfrirh would have 
umm organization has con- been disastrous for the Govera- 
demned the Bin as “ ffanyr n M^ " T Q^y yP^ may . ' 

5E T-c Bin, first presented, lo 

unioii say, it wfll destroy 

fundamental union rights, lead- a** 1 

ing to wage cuts and^foixSS ****** .Awam b^ md now 

in :.cnenip]oymeiit, and an Serate. How- 

increase m the TOwenof iS "Sk. J*®*™*? 8 have 


organiz ations, only the Socialist 
CFDT has approved the pro- 
posed Measures. It agrees with 

marts , and the -right-wing 
majority in the Senate also 
plans to propose -radical 
changes. The Bui, therefore, 
may yet be lost because of lack 
of time. • 


Head of Dhaka University 
quits over campus clash 

' From Ahmed FazI, Dhaka 

The ehiftf of Dhaka Univer- . University .officials ««J stn- 
sity - resigned yesterday as dents were leaving residential 
campus tension mounted in die hostels on the campns yesterd a y 
wake- of armed clashes on ; fearing ' . fresh outbreaks of 
Wednesday between student violence. 

g oups for and against the! At least . 100 students were 
ovemment. wotmded on. Wednesday as 

Professor. Shamsul Huq, s upp orters of the pro-Ershas 
Vice-Chancellor of the univer- -New. ttangla Students Society 
sity,' told reporters he had dashed with members 1 of the 
subrMtted his resignation to rival Gentral Students Action 
President Ershad because of his Committee which 'leads an 
inabili ty- to rnn the ramp is alliance of 14 opposition stu- 
plagued by student unrest since dent groups. Guns, bombs and 
August 1985 when it re-opened iron rods were used. 
after 1 six months of forced Eyewitnesses said shots were 
dosam T '7. fired in the air and bombs 

“X caxinot tun the- university explpdedjn the central arts 
ifsto&ehts brandish arms on the feculty bnflffing as most .sto- 
campds,"Trbfessor Huq said.: ■ darts fledm panic. :• 

.J*. '!?’.- iff 7 ' ' '. 

“Tell me, beautiful right, why do yon have soch big teeth?” says the latest Socialist election poster to appear in Paris, 

depicting the right-wing Opposition as a wolf. 

Aid delays 
said to put 
4m at risk 

By Paul Vallely 
and Gill Lusk •'* 

Q xfam and ! the Save the 
Children Fund! have made a 
joint appeal for action by the 
British , Government over the 
continuing famin e in the west 
of Sudan. where food. aid will 
run out in the next two weeks. 

: The lives of some four 
milli on people in the western 
provinces, of Darfour and 
Kordofen are being put need- 
lessly ax risk because of delays 
in the international aid pipe- 
line, according to Mr Nick 
Winer, Oxfam’s recently re- 
turned field director in Sudan. 

The agendes have' made 
tiieir- joint appeal for food aid 
and cadi to provide transport 
within Sudan to Mr Timothy 
Raison, Minister for Overseas 
Development. They have made 
similar appeals to the United 
States Government the EEC 
anrf the United Nations. 

It action was not immediate 
aU the advances of last year 
would be lost, Mr Winer said. 

. Band Aid has -decided to 
divert $3 million (£2.1 million) 
earmarked for long-term devel- 
opment into immediate relief 
work. . 

Farmers shed few tears as 
agriculture secretary quits 

From Our Own 

The American farm belt had 
few . words of regret yesterday 
| over the abrupt resignation of 
Mr John Block, the financially 
troubled hog former who, as 
Agriculture Secretary, has pre- 
sided overthe worst form crisis 
since the Great Depression. 

His own money -worries on 
his 3,500-acre hog and grain 
operation near Knoxville, Illi- 
nois, continually provided an 
embarrassing -confirmation that 
American family formers have 
fared miserably under, the 
Reagan Administration’s aus- 
terity programmes. 

“My objective was to cany 
the mail for the President,*’ he 
■taid. In so doing, he was vilified 
by fellow formers. __ 

President Reagan, who is 
looking for a working fanner to 
succeed Mr Block in what must 
be the most thankless Cabinet 
post, said at his press confer- 
ence on Tuesday that the form 
crisis had ‘^bottomed out**, 
although it would take a little 
patience before formers began 
to recover significantly. 

Mr Block, who has held the 
job for five-years, -plans to leave 
next month but null not ret urn 

to the day-to-day running of his 
farm, which is managed by his 
son, Hans, aged 26, who knew 
nothing about his father's 
resignation until he heard ii on 
the radio. 

The day before the announce- 
ment on Tuesday, Mr Block 
appeared on CBS television to 
say he was not planning to quit. 
He was obviously embarrassed 
at the untruth when he an- 
nounced his departure, and by 
way of explanation said merely 
that it was time to go now he 
had steered the new Farm BUI 
into law. 

That Bill, signed last month 
by President Reagan, t rimm ed 

Mr Block: Hog fanner 
with worries 

several form support measures 
but feU for short of the 
swingeing cuts the White House 
had sought from Congress. 

It was the first time since 
Roosevelt's “New Deal" that 
any government had attempted 
a significant step towards 
achieving free-market agricul- 
ture. Even so, commodity price 
supports will cost a record SS4 
billion (£37 billion) over the 
next three years, a sure sign that 
the White House and Congress 
remain significantly at odds on 
the extent to which American 
formers should be helped. 

Fanners have been going 
bankrupt at record rates because 
of a combination of-folling land 
prices, high interest rates and 
Sow commodity prices. Al- 
though most formers are Re- 
publicans, Democrats have 
made important inroads into 
the form vote and hope to 
capitalize on the crisis in 
November’s mid-term elec- 

Mr. Block, whose eternal 
optimism about the state of 
farming infuriated the form 
belt, insisted with a smile that 
“we have set the stage for Teal 
recovery”. As for his future, he 
was considering some “exciting 

Post chiefs 
may lead to 
US revamp 

From Christopher Thomas 

The summary and unpre- 
cedented sacking this week of 
Mr Paul Carlin, America’s 
Postmaster-General, after only 
a year in the job has cleared the 
way for a sweeping manage- 
ment purge, swingeing cost- 
cutting measures and - the 
White House hopes - the 
eventual total handover of the 
monopoly business to private 

Mr Carlin was fired by the 
US Postal Service’s board of 
governors amid accusations 
that he moved too slowly to 
reduce the bloated headquarters 
staff in Washington and failed 
to master key details of his job. 
It was a humiliating public 
departure for a largely unknown 
insider who spent a lifetime 
climbing through the postal 

The postal service board, 
once a toothless body, has- 
become extremely aggressive 
since President Reagan began 
appointing conservative, busi- 
ness-minded members. It . 
clearly felt that Mr Carlin had 
failed to improve the postal 
service's dismal reputation for. 
late and lost mail. In particular, 
it has privately criticized his 
choice of computers for auto- 
matic sorting. 

The new Postmaster-General 
is Mr Albert Casey, aged 66, a 
Harvard-trained businessman 
with a string of executive 
successes behind him. He is best 
known for turning American 
Airlines from a moribund 
company into a lean and 
efficient profit-maker. 

The postal service moved 
from a department of the 
federal Government to a quasi- 
private corporation in 1971. 
The appointment of a conserva- 
tive outsider signals the 
Government's determination to 
run the service strictly as a 
business. In the year up to 
September 30 last year, the 
service lost S250 milli on, 
despite a series of cost-cutting 
exercises, including salary re- 
ductions. This year, it is now 
probably running at a profit. 

A well-connected trade news- 
letter, Business Mailers’ Review. 
said as long ago as March that 
the Government was unhappy 
with Mr Carlin’s performance 
and the continued low quality 
of delivery standards. Last 
month the publication reported 
that the postal governors were 
unhappy with Mr Carlin for 
refusing to go along with plans 
for massive lay-offs. Indeed, the 
workforce rose from 702,000 to 
740.000 during his tenure. 

Tehran gets 
with draft 

Tehran (Reuter). - The 
Iranian Parliament voted to 
stiffen conditions of national 
service, approving a Bill that all 
drafted soldiers should spend 
one year, in operational zones 
on the Gulf war font or in 
north-west Kurdistan. 

Speakers said they wanted the 
amendments to prevent people 
from using influence to get soft 
postings for relatives in Tehran 
or provincial cities and to make 
life more difficult for draft- 

The draft board chief said 
that after a three-month grace 
period men who failed to 
register would have to serve 
three to six months extra in the 
armed forces after being caught. 

Swiss order out 
Czech envoy 

Berne (Reuter) - Switzerland 
has ordered expulsion of a 
Czechoslovak diplomat because 
is says, he collected information 
on his compatriots living in that 
country, the public prosecutor’s 
office said. 

The office said the map 
abused his post to study 
methods of escape from 
Czechoslovakia used by emigres 
and the personal, family and 
business connections of 

City hall riot 

Sao Luts, Brazil (AFP) - 
Thousands of dismissed 
municipal employees stoned 
and burnt the city hall in this 
provincial capital in the state of 
Maranhao after the new woman 
mayor carried out a campaign 
promise by sacking 14,500 

Walking taller 

Tokyo (Reuter) - Japanese 
are gettng taller, with most of 
the growth in their legs, the 
Education Ministry reported. A 
survey showed that 1 7-year-old 
boys were 2 inches taller than 
their counterparts of 25 years 
ago, and girls 1.5 indies taller. 

Peru switch 

Lima (AFP) - Senor Remigjo 
Morales Bermudez, son of 
Peru’s last military President, 
was named Minister for Food 
and Agrculture when . Senor 
Mario Bartuem -resigned after 
being attacked for shortages and 
high prices. Senor Barturen 
blamed government-imposed 
prices which did not cover 
production costs. 

- I-:* • J . - • 



.-*■* A , 

\s I 

s Q A 





Hitachi began giving the powers of per- 
ception to machines long ago. More than 
50 years ago, in fact, with the development 
of a bimetal thermostat to control cooling 
temperatures in electric refrigerators back 
in 1928. The legacy: Electrical equipment 
capaible of seeing, hearing and even 
touching as humans do, but with much 
greater acuteness and accuracy. 

Electronic eyes, ears, nose and nerves 

Today, the results of Hitachi research can 
be seen all around you. Automobile fuel 
injection systems with uniquely designed 
sensor feedback circuits to control air flow 
electronically. Voice-pattern recognition 
units and smoke sensors for office building 
security. Welding robots that use ■■wrist- 
mounted” sensors to detect changes in 
workpiece dimensions. 

Our engineers have applied new 
semiconductor technology to pressure 

gauges, photocells and pickup tubes. They 
have reduced sensor size, yet increased 
sensitivity and control, while creating better 
materials and production processes that 
improve energy efficiency, and ensure 
absolute quality. 

. In fact, we are constantly coming up 
with innovations and new applications. 
Most recently: The world’s first MOS image 
sensor for much lighter, more compact ■ 


video cameras with exceptional solid-state 
colour and clarity. 

These are just a few of the ways in 
which Hitachi puts sensor technology to 
work for you. Developing practical tools 
that meet your needs. ! .arid those of pro- 
fessionals in manufacturing, medicine, and 
virtually every other field you can name. 

The best of worlds is yet to come 

Our vision of the future includes intelligent 
robots that learn through 3D optical 
sensors. Health detectors that monitor 
patients’ life functions and report changes 
to computer-aided medical centres. 
Carbon dioxide sensors for regulating 
atmospheric conditions in agricultural com- 
plexes. Nutrient detectors that determine 
food freshness. And much, much more. 

We’d like you to share in the benefits 
of our scientific research, covering the next 
generation of lasers, optical transmitters, 
liquid crystal displays and other electronic 
devices. For improved business efficiency. 
For a high quality of life. Two goals we’ve 
pursued for75yearsas part of ourcommit- 
ment to a better world through electronics. 




Ralph Nader, veteran 
American campaigner 

for the small man’s 

rights, will be in Britain 

next week with a new 

target - reform of the 

75-year-old Official 

Secrets Act 

He has been called a saint, a prophet, 
the conscience of America. For 20 
years he has fought the industrial 
titans, challenged the corporate giants 
almost single-handedly from a dingy, 
cluttered office in the fashionable pan 
of Washington. 

Armed only with a searing zeal and 
the dedication of a crusading social 
critic, he has triumphed beyond any 
of his disciples' dreams. Ralph Nader, 
the ascetic, uncompromising idealist, 
has wrought a quiet revolution. 
American capitalism will never be the 

Like most prophets, he is taken for 
granted and almost forgotten in his 
own country. In the past two decades 
dozens of environmental and con- 
sumer protection laws have been 
passed, with legislation on car safety, 
clean air. dean water and freedom of 
information. It comes as a surprise to 
many to find that Nader, the folk hero 
of the protest generation of the 1960s 
and '70s, is still around, still 

He is SI now and a little grey at the 
temples, but no mellower. Years of 
struggle against big business and 
government have kept him lean and 
combative. Nader, always reluctant to 
acknowledge his own success in 
establishing the principles of con- 
sumer protection, regulations enforc- 
ing social responsibility on big 
corporations and the rights of the 
ordinary citizen, had identified new 
abuses, taken aim at new targets: 
energy costs, tax reform, access to the 
airwavs, health care. 

His vision is of a 
society controlling 

Giving people the 
power and confidence 
to sue lias long . 
been a prime 
goal of his movement 

its own resources 


New citizen and consumer groups 
have been founded, and "Nader's 
raiders”, the hundreds of student 
disciples who poked their noses into 
even’ aspect of business and govern- 
ment in the 1960s, have taken their 
causes into the heartland, the 
boardroom and even overseas. 

Next Tuesday Nader will be taking 
part in a rally in London marking the 
75th anniversary of the Official 
Secrets Act He will join speakers 
including Roy Hattersley, MP, David 
StceL, MP, Give Pouting and Sarah 
Tisdall (both prosecuted under the 
Act) who want to see the law 

Nader's crusade was sparked when 
as a young Harvard lawyer he 
denounced General Motors and the 
corporation responded with a squalid 
attempt to smear him. His book. 
Unsafe at Any Speed, was a devastat- 
ing indictment of the American car 
industry and its attempts to cover up 
safety defects. It was based on the case 
of a woman whose arm was severed 
when her Corvair flipped over as she 
was driving at 35mph. It led to a 
showdown with General Motors, to 
Senate hearings, to the eventual 

pollution standards. He does not own 
a car; the irony of his passion is its 

Nader, the exemplary public 
citizen, is the antithesis of the 
American consumer. An abstemious 
bachelor, he has few persona! 
possessions. He still lives in rented 
rooms and wears the same unfashion- 
able suit and thick army socks he 
bought in a batch years ago. 

state. Government must be kept 
honest by constant vigilance. In many 
ways Nader is the prototype Ameri- 
can “Green”. 

Smalt is beautiful, for him. He 
wants little less than the reordoing of 
American economic life with the 
revival of co-operative institutions of 
all kinds: food stores, energy con- 
cerns. communications, home repair 

scrapping of the model and to federal 
traffic safety legislation. 

But be has got a bigger fight back 
home. Government intervention 
there is out of fashion and Nader is 
now battling to preserve his earlier 
successes and fight the Reagan 
odmlnstration's attempts to soften the 
interpretation of regulatory laws, 
many of which are being denounced 
as burdensome and bureaucratic. 
“Reagan's changes in enforcing the 
rules are a total disgrace - often 
criminal”, he said. 

The car industry fought tooth and 
nail against federal safety standards. 
Henry Ford trumpeted they would 
“close down the auto industry” and 
said Nader might be able to write 
books but knew nothing about 
engineering safety in automobiles. But 
the resulting law has sparked the 
recall of more than 100 million 
defective vehicles since 1966 and 
Nader claims over 150,000 lives have 
been saved. 

Now he is battling 
to preserve his 
earlier successes 

Car safety remains one of his many 
obsessions. He is still fighting for 
mandatory air-bags and for tougher 

Shunning the celebrity circuit, he 
gives away most of the money he 
earns from books and lectures and 
lives in monkish poverty. He forces 
the same shoe-string conditions on his 
helpers: “They wouldn't have the fire 
in their bellies if you paid them a 
conventional salary”. 

Nader’s ultimate vision Is of a 
society controlling its own resources. 
Consumers must band together for 
economic self-determination and 
resist the growth of the corporate 

He is campaigning for state-backed 
citizen utility boards to keep down the 
cost of electricity and gas. He wants to 
break the monopoly of the television 
networks, the power of the insurance 
companies, the “imperialism of 
multi-national corporation.” 

It is ■ a left-wing, somewhat an- 
archic, ideology. Like that of the West 
German Greens (whom he admires), 
there is little room for fun or human 
folly, for economic growth or 
entrepreneurial free-wheeling. But in 
person a human warmth and humour 
comes through his somewhat joyless 
vision. When asked to define himself 
he always replies: “Full-urae citizen, 
the most important office in 

distant, impersonal figure to rethin iris 
integrity. He never accepts hospi- 
tality, never falls for the frivolities of 
the jet-set, never calls senators by 
their first name; “I did once, with a 
senator from Michigan, and when it 
came to lay it on him, I had to think 
twice. I had been to dinner at his 
home. But I resolved- it — I went ahead 
and criticized him publicly - roasted 
him, actually.” 

Remaining at arm's length, Uke an 
attorney, Nader has an invincible 
belief in the power of the law. The 
courts have always been his preferred 
forum of redress. Giving people the 
power and confidence to sue has long 
been a prime goal of his movement. 
And for a man who has savoured his 
greatest victories in the courtroom, he 
is peculiarly loath to . criticize 
America's incessant litigation, its 
fixation with lawsuits. 

Naturally, he denounces corrupt 
lawyers, the sharks who sue in the 
hope of getting half the award. But he 
disputes the claims that malpractice 
suits are driving doctors out of 
business, that insurance costs are 
rocketing because of absurd damages 

Nader believes that his opponents 
conspire to change public opinion and 
make it more difficult for the “victim 
class” to sue. 

In - many ways, America -has 
adjusted to Nader. There are now 
consumer watchdogs in every State 
legislature, consumer affairs depart- 
ments in every big business. Nader 
concedes that some of his early 
demands have been institutionalized, 
but insists that changes have come 
not from corporate altruism but from 
the naked threat of boycotts, adverse 
publicity and lawsuits. 

The times may be out of joint for 
him politically, as Reagan's America 
has tired of self-flagellation, of 
searching its conscience. But Nader 
has not changed or adapted to the 
more optimistic, self-indulgent mood 
around him. He fights on, anxious 
only to generate enough publicity to 
keep up the momentum, rekindle the 
cause in -the heartland. He is one of 
America's best known names over- 
seas. Britain will soon find he is not 
one of its most accommodating 

But Nader has had to remain a 

Michael Binyon 

eye on local crime 

The crackdown on crime launched this 

week at a Downing_Street seminar has pTOdaceci 

plans for a n ew British standard to beat 
car thefts and insurance incentives to deter . 

burglari es. This report tells how ftemggood 
neighbours can also play its part 

Last spring we started a 
Neighbourhood Watch scheme 
in oar street in Battersea, 
south-west London, because 
crime in the area was getting so 
bad we felt" we didn't have a 

The giim cycle of burglaries, 
.car break-ins, thefts and 
muggings seemed to be quick- 
ening. And so much happened 
in broad daylight, like the time 
our vehicle was “done.” 

"Distracted by having to 
onload ax boisterous kids, my 
wife -left her handbag on the 
back seat and locked the car. 
She retmtoed! to the car ‘-only, 
minutes later bat a side window! 
-bad been shattered end the bag 
had gene. Oars isn't a parties- 
larty quiet street, but appar- 
ently no onesaw anything. 

Although obviously ideal- 
istic, the" Neighbourhood 
Watch literature given to ns 
made seme with ordinary 
citizens lending an eye and ear 
to the police." But to be 
effective. Watches mast break 
through two giant British social 
barriers —apathy and reserve. 
We are just not nosey enough. 

At first there was a torn for 
the worse under our Watch. A. 
young girl three doors, down 
from ns was mugged by two 
men yards from her gate. It was 
another daylight attack, and so 
casual that one of the robbers; 
having walked off turned and 
strolled back to where the 
terrified girl had fallen to make 
sore nothing else had fallen 
from her bag. - - - 

People were in the street at 
the time and cars were going up 
and down, but no on came to 
her help. It was possible they 
didn't realize what was happen- 
ing. Depressing news, which we 
hammered home in a news- 
letter: Shout if someone is 
attacking; shout “I'm being 
robbed” so people win know 
you're not skylarking. 

Then a dramatic break- 
through. One of our assistant 
co-ordinators saw two youths 
wanting op our street trying 
door handles on cars and 
peering inside. He rashed 
indoors for his Polaroid camera 
and snapped the culprits in 
action. The police were called 
(remember: dial 999 and not 
the local station If yon see a 
crime committed) and the 
youths were promptly caught. 

Our home- beat officer, PC 
Charles Bailey, arrived with 
some alarming statistics. The 
month the youths were caught 
there had been 51 motor vehicle 
crimes in oht zone, a 25 per 
cent increase on the previous 
month's figure. Twelve new or 
newish cars had been stolen. 

“But yon mustn't get dis- 
heartened”.. be reassured us. 
“Burglaries* on the other hand, 
are on the way down”. 

PC Bailey always urges us to 
let the police know if we think 
anything is wrong: “It doesn't 
matter how - many Hm^ yon 
call, you're not troubling us.” 

The police tell ns to be 
vigilant but not vi g ilantes. “We 
do not want Che formation of 
may citizens' street patrols”, 
said Supt Brian Turner, the 
crime prevention officer in 
charge of London's Neighbour- 
hood Watch schemes. 

- “We are paiofuHy aware of , 
how 1 Watches can get into the 
vrrong^hands. We are monitor- 
ing tlte situation carefully.” 

Although there axe now more 
rttaa 7,000 Watch systems in 
irnfliami, Scotland apd ‘Wales, 
there ace none- m Ulster. 
“Communication . - . b et wee n 
police and the publifc ts a 
delicate . bmiaws - with -the 
atmosphere as. hg in. the. 
province”, . said a- spdmnn. 
for the RUC. . * Xy'r 

“If we set np NeSgtyfmrfcood 
Watches, the puamifttarifes : 
would - almost certainly take 
them over. I n s tead , w»; hare mo 
answerphpae .system; where" 
people can report' kjcal'^aime 
muter a d ank' of aaoiiytmty.r 
Sopt Tprnet' .wps o£ 
several senior British police- 
man to visit the United States 
to look at long-established 
community policing plans be- 
fore British pilot schemes were 
set up in the spring of 1983. ' 

He was impressed with what 
be saw in Seattle, where they 
have a system called Block 
Watch, with 13 fufiy-employed 
civilians working in liaison 
with- the police. "They only 
have half a million people In 
Seattle; too. In London we have 
seven nuffion. Td love a scheme 
•' Hke Block Watch bat we just 
don't have tire resources.*' 

The effectiveness of Neigh- 
bourhood Watch in. Britain is 
open to debate. Whereas 
statistics' show an overall 
picture of gloom, with spiral- 
ling crime against person and 
property. Home Office figures 
r e c ent l y published show that in 
Avon and Somerset, areas 
where Watch' schemes were, 
first handled, crime has fallen 
by 22 per cent. 

But there is still resistance. 
A friend T oms, a university 
Jeefmer,- fifes in another high- 
crime area of south London and 
has been burgled three times in 
as many months. But he says: 
“Neighbourhood ■' Watch 
doesn't work.- It's a pan^ a 
devised by the police to calm 
the middle classes because they 
can da nothing about the mime 
problem.” . ‘ 

Since our Watch started, we 
might not have made dramatic 
inroads on the drone figures; 
but some of that old .British 
reserve has been mefted away 
and we know each other better. ’ 
We have also been able to 
reassure one or two old people 
who have been firing in a 
of semi-siege - the bombard- 
ment of bad news from the 
media convincing them. that. . 
they ’ll get jangged as soon As' 
they step outsid e their dOorsi 

Chris Greenwood 

Ringing in the changes as the switchboard battle begins 

By early summer 

telephone users in 

Britain will have a 

choice of systems. 

But will the average 

caller really benefit? 

A new era of competition in 
fJk telecommunications is 
about to dawn. Mercury 
Communications, the Cable 
a ad Wireless subsidiary 
licensed by the Government to 
challenge British Telecom's 
monopoly, takes delivery next 
month of four Northern Tele- 
com main digital exchanges. 
The network it is constructing 
will be in a position to go live 
by the early summer when, for 
tiie first time in Britain, there 
will be an alternative telephone 

The effect of competition on 
tariffs will be for reaching. Most 
long-distance calls will get 
cheaper but the cost of local 
calls in many areas will rise 
sharply as will the cost of 
renting a domestic line. 

Big businesses such as the 
major banks with extremely 
large telephone bills wili be the 
main beneficiaries. The losers 
will be domestic telephone users 
who do not make many long- 
distance calls. 

Mercury is laying more than 
1,000 kilometres of optical fibre 
cable in concrete ducts along 
the side of railway lines, 
allowing customers to link up to 
a figure-of-eight network con- 
necting Birmingham with 
London, Bristol, Leeds and 
Manchester. There will also be 
microwave radio finks to other 
business centres. 

At the ssune time. the 
company is building a series of 
local telephone networks. In the 
City, Mercury is using London’s 
intricate networic of under- 
ground ducts, including the 184- 
m ile pipe distribution system 

of the call and forcing British 
Telecom to make most of the 
local connections at each end. 

To have duplicated the whole 
of the British Telecom network 
of more than 20 million lines 
would not only have been 
uneconomic but also impossible 
to achieve quickly. Professor 
Carsberg judged that to give 
Mercury a fighting chance of 
becoming a viable second force 
in communications, he had to 
make conditions as favourable 
as possible for the company. 

Mercury's microwave and 
land lines linking main towns 

built by the London Hydraulic 
Power Company in the 1870s. 
to provide the capital with an 
advanced all-digital fibre*optic 
communications network. 

Mercury is also building a 
local network in Glasgow, in 
conjunction with Clyde TV, the 
local cable TV station chaired 
by Sir Monty Finniston, and a 

similar project is being con- 
fer Mai 

sidered for Manchester. Micro- 
wave radio will initially provide 
local connection in other cities. 

These developments would 
not of themselves be enough to 
make significant competition to 
British Telecom possible. That 
has required a detailed and wide 
ran g in g ruling from Professor 
Rryan Carsber'g, the Govern- 
ment's official telecommuni- 
cations watchdog, which effec- 
tively allows Mercury unlimited 
access to British Telecom's 
local, national and international 
networks for routing its calls. 

It has yet to be seen how the 
“interconnect determination” 
will work in practice but 
generally it is considered to be 
extremely favourable to ,Me r- 
cury. It was certainly bitterly 
fought by British Telecom. 

“Interconnect” forces British 
Telecom to tarry Mercury 
customer calls on parts, of its 
networic, allowing Mercer y to 
deal with the long-distance part 

B ritish Telecom believes 
they have been made too 
favourable and that cer- 
tain telephone users who have 
been subsidized in the past will 
suffer accordingly. 

Mr Gordon Owen, Mercury’s 
managing director, aims to 
undercut British Telecom 
charges by more than 10 per 
cent on all calls of over 35 miks . 

“We are playing a £6 billion 
market with technology that 
allows us to have a dramatically 
lower cost base than British 
Telecom", he says. “They are 
saddled with an overmanned, 
antiquated network. We are 
starting from scratch with the 
best technology that Britain and 
the rest of the 

will be programmed by the 
Mercury customer to decide 
automatically when to use 
which system. If there is an ‘O’ 
in front of the number, indicat- 
ing a long-distance call, the 
PABX would automatically 
choose Mercury. 

If Mercury expands its 
customer base too quickly in 
the early months the quality of 
service may be damaged. Even 
so, Mr Owen expects to be able 
to offer his service to ordinary 
domestic telephone users by the 
end of next year. 

An ordinary British Telecom ■ 
phone could not at present be 
connected to the Mercury 
network because the companies 
use different technologies. But a 
combined phone which will be 
able to address both systems 
will be available soon. Mr Owen 
calculates that for ail those 
whose trunk calls normally cost 
more than £60 a year it will be 

worth buying such a phone and 
becoming a -Mercury customer. 

For those of us who use a 
phone mainly for local calls, 
however, there are few advan- 
tages in the new competitive 
environment. Indeed British 
Telecom has said that in order 
to meet price competition from 
Mercury on long-distance calls, 
it will be raising its domestic 
rental and local call charges 
much more rapidly than it 
would have done. 

Carsberg has been 
off some strongly 
[ warnings to British 
Telecom on the way it is going 
about this “rebalancing” pro-, 
cess yet the fact remains that 
there is little in the newly 
privatized corporation's license, 
or in the voluntary undertak- 
ings it has given, to prevent a 
very rapid rise in telephone 
rental and local call charges. 

British Telecom is moderniz- 
ing its networks and hopes to 
have around 1.400 folly digital 
local exchanges installed by 
1988. Another response to 
competition that is under 
consideration is to start chain- 
ing different local call rates in 
different areas. There is nothing 
in BTs licence to stop a radical 
restructuring of the -bid tariff 
For many of us, competition 
in telecommunications is there- 
fore going to be " a mixed 
blessing. For Gable and Wire- 
less, which runs' telecommuni- 
cations systems internationally, 
it is the chance of the decade. 
City, stock broking- analysts 
expect Mercury to be earning 
more than £300 million a year 
by 1990. That will- enable it to 
pose a considerable threat to 
BT*s traditional market through 
the next two decades. 

Jeremy Warner 


X Beat soundl v 

( 6 ) 


8 Split (3) 

9 Dinner jacket (6) 

10 Stretch (6) 

11 Tableland (4) 

12 Graze (8) -. 

14 Hawk (6) - 
17 Shot piece (6) 

19 Seasickness (3,2,3) 
22 Nub (4) 

24 Dirty (6) 

25 Died down (6) 

26 Young flower (3) 

27 Renear(Q; 
Tribal leaders 


( 6 ) 


2 Sharp(5). - 

3 Down wind (7) 

4 Having contempt 

„ (7) v . 

5 Asparagus piece(5) 15 Escape... 

6 Local taxes (5) 16 Untruth (3) 

7 Charming (7) ... IT Permeate (7) 

ACROSS: 8 Belles lettres 9 Eve 

7t v : . 

r* * 

-foe wee » 

13 Dread ^ 

X§ Streggfa^7)' 

28 AsweflU. 

21 Perhaps (5) : 
23Gnide(5) .^ 

. - ; 

'.T"- 10 Dramatise 1J Total 13Tooent 
16 Oaimer. 19 Usury 22 Lastditdh . 24 2S-QirooaloRtc*L- ■ T*. '. . _ 
DOWN; 1 Absent 2 Client 3 Pendulum 4 PKanrSStoa 6 Crinsfe ■ 

ItiSbfii 15Nor WCdrco 17 Absurd' 18 RatfeT 

y is already offering 
“leased lines” to customers 
allowing big businesses direct 
connection between their offices 
around Britain and Inter- 
nationally. An example of this 
is the line Mercury leases to the 
TSB for providing a high-speed 
digital link between its com- 
puter centres in Milton Keynes 
and Wythenshawc. 

The first dialled calls allow- 
ing Mercury customers to 
connect to the new network 
through British Telecom lines 
win begin in May ; Mercury 
technicians will initially adapt 
company PABXs (small private 
telephone exchanges) enabling 
the operator to press a button 
and have the «d 1 ranted via 
Mercury rather than British 

More advanced exchanges, 

— »* 

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gp imam mum 

O ne enters a very ugly, block of 
flats in Hampstead. Built in 
1922, it erodes all the gtoom of 
the worst sort of design —the 
uninviting st air cases, the sad 
corridoo.-. Then you are let into One 
particular flat and your brain is forced 
into a complex series of double lakes. 

You are in a tiny hll. It is quite dark 
but there are vivid, yellows and greens 
glaring, at you from carefully-judged 
pools of light. One wall consists entirely 
of minors, ‘the other is covered with 
bright g ree n , studded rubber floor tiles. 
On the floor itself is a plastic mesh 
which raises you about half an inch 
above some green yinyL At the end of 
the hall there .is a microwave cooker.. 
Two sliding doors suggest possible exits 
- both are Maclrand both have port-hole 

Everything in the kitchen . and . 
bathroom is covered . an the green 
rubber. In the first living room there are 
more -minors and a sitting area which 
cro be isolated ; with vertical blinds. . 
There is a . lifebelt oh the wad and a set 
of the idnd^of inflatable .floats which 
duhtaaitfie in swimming pools. 

And iso. Hughes on. [For this 4s. the 
home- of Eva;' Jiricna who has . now 
estabBshe<f:hfiself as unquestionably 
feemogtmflpential interior designer in . 
this country. It was she, for example; 
who first thought of using industrial 
studded rubber in. the home and now 
they sefl it m Habitat. Her shop designs 
for Joseph Ettedgm (known to every- 
body » Joseph), have changed every 
highstreet . 

Recently' she has transfer 
Way In department at Harrods from an 
amiable mess into a slick black and grey 
fantasy, a new Jiricna-deskned res- ' 
taurattT owned by her fidthful patron 
Joseph is tb - open at the end of this 
month andsbe is even converting a flat . 
in Wao&wDrth for the Thompson 

Finally the was responsiblc for most 
of the inlerior of Richard Rogers's new . 
Lloyd's buSding in the City of London . 

although a sodden outbreak of philisti- 

Hktech interior: -Eva Jiricna's futu r isti c styling at the flat of fashion designer Joseph Ettedgm and (right) the artist herself 

nism in the committee meant her 
for the top two. floors were 
nydcted. ' 

Eva Jiricna is, yon might say, the 
flavour of the month. But at the 
personal level it is an acquired taste. She 
was bom in Czechoslovakia in 1939, the 
daughter of an architect. She intended to 
study chemistry but changed at the last 
minute to architecture. At a convention 
in 1967: she met an architect from fee 
Greater- London Council who offered 
her a job- It took a year for her to obtain 
the; necessary permission from the 
authorities and she finally arrived on 
August 1, 1968. 

' Three weeks later the Russians 
invaded. She was cut off from her 
family. Going back was . out of the 
question - people were being asked to 
sign documents saying they approved of 
'.the. invasion and, in any case, Czechs 
abroad for whatever reason were being 
made to fed Tike traitors. 

-But after a year there were still no 
signs, of a thaw. In addition she had 
grown bored at thcGLC so she wrote to 
every architectural firm t. which had 
advertised for staff in one trade 
magazine.' • 

S he ended up with the .bizarre task 
of building the Brighton Marina 
fortius firm of Louis de Soissons. 
“It was great experience. I.wanted 
. . - to. work with water - we had no 
sea in Czechoslovakia - and there we 
were constructing huge breakwaters and 
pouring tons of concrete info the sea.” 
The job lasted almost ten years. ■' 

T started looking for something to do 
on my own. Then 1 met Joseph at a 
party to celebrate ‘the opening of the 
shop Norman Foster had designed for 
him. He asked me. to do the small 
Kenzo shop in Sloane Street 1 still don't 
know why. He had Very little confidence 
in me and I was terrified -I was crazy to 
go from Brighton Marina to this little 
shop.” . ' . 

. . In the event it worked brilliantly and 
she went on to design Joseph’s flat 
Something about the style caught on - 

the flat was featured in just about every 
architectural magazine and she was a hi- 
tech star - the domestic version of 
Richard Rogers and Norman Foster. 

*T don't know what it was about the 
style. I suppose it looked a bit unusual 
with all foe industrial materials. I've 
never used wallpaper in my life and I 
just don't like decorating. I try and look 
at interiors objectively - 1 don't start out 
thinking I have to use wallpaper like a 
lot of designers do.” 

The point was that she stuck to what 
she knew - industrial materials and 
processes. As a result she seemed to be 
inventing interior design from scratch. 
For foe doors in Joseph's flat, for 
example, she wanted to use Glass 
Reinforced Plastic, an industrial mat- 
erial that makes no sense in foe home 
because of foe cost of malting moulds. 
But she couldn't stand foe right of any 
of foe sliding doors on offer so she made 
her own moulds out of glass and timber 
and produced foe doors within her own 
price limit. 

Such explanations flow from her m 
foe husky monotone. She constantly 
stresses the logical and functional nature 
of her decisions, making them sound 
inevitable, obvious. Her descrip- 
tion of how she designed the room we 
are sitting in is a masterpiece of her 
understated sty lei 

“I wanted this drawing board as large 
as possible because that is foe most 
enjoyable part of cure’s life - working at 
the drawing board and listening to foe 
radio or watching television”, she 
indicates foe Sony which is disdainfully 
watching us from foe end of a black steel 

“Then I had to have storage in here. 
On a plan you immediately see that foe 
right amount of storage would fill foe 
whole room. So you raise foe bed over 
foe storage chests. Then you have to get 
up to your bed. A ladder would get in 
foe way - so you climb this little space 
here up these metal boxes. These can be 
taken out and used as stools. 

“Then you have to have a shelf for 
foe TV, for books and so on and so on. I 

use perforated metal so I can see what is 
in foe shelves. I wanted foe cheapest 
material so 1 bought second-hand 
Dexion and had it painted black. For 
my shelves 1 use these metal cable 

“I think there is a moral obligation to 
use all new materials - if there is a good 
reason for using them — in the best 
possible way. It’s foe same with concrete 
- it's a fantastic material from a 
construction point of view but it has to 
be civilized for people to feel comfort- 
able with it-” 

F or most people, of course, their 
homes just sort of happen with 
whatever is most conveniently at 
hand. But, even so, they will | 
have begun to feel the Jiricna! 
influence whether in foe form of a: 
flirtation with studded rubber for foe: 
kitchen or, perhaps, a daring metal 
shelving unit The matter of cheapness 
and availabiliry will remain relative - 
she got her green studded rubber, for 
example. -for only £2 a square instead of 
£16 because it was left over from 
Norman Foster's WiJlis Faber building 
in Ipswich. 

But the real point is that Jiricna is 
more than just foe kind of fashionable 
designer to be found dotted about foe 
glossy magazines. She has invented and 
perfected a whole new approach based 
on an encylopaedic knowledge of 
materials, a relentlessly methodical 
approach to every problem and an 
exceptional eye for detail. Her quality 
control is formidable - if the tiniest line 
of welding is visible on a shelving unit it 
is sent back at once. So an awful lot is 
sent back - but that is probably just the 
penalty for always making it new, for 
insisting on being modem at whatever 

“That is the biggest problem”, she 
sighs, “getting people to do what you 
want . . 

Bryan Appleyard 

CtOK NcwaMpm Ltadua, 19M 

Putting a price on success 

The weekend starts here 

✓ Some time ago I gave 
f up my job. I had worked 
mgk fun-time for 38 years, 
ever since die youngest 
w of our children was' at 
school. From jomualism I 
moved into public relations and 
was manager for a national 
association when I reluctantly 
decided to-call if a day. 

For years my husband and I 
wore the classic double-career 
couple, sharing responsibility 
for the children and the chores, 
enabling each other to survive. X 
also managed some freelance 
work and wrote the occasional 
book, and we both coped with 
the usual DIY jobs around the 

: '-v In domestic bliss 

deuring lady, gardener, nanny, an pair - call them what 
yon wlIL tl« age of the “dossaestic” is. stiff with ns. But the 
relationship has cha n ged. Aoberon Waugh, who 
remembers his family in the 1940s employing a staff of 
Hine, .reflects on the gu3£ complexes and cattnre chub of 
emplo ying domestic help in. 1986 

Living on - Five of 

another plane the best 

Douglas Adams, Christmas Jumbo 
hitch-hiking on crossword winners 

£ 22,000 

■ to bewon 

Can you always get your copy of Hie Times? 

Dear Newsagent, ptedse defivef/sayeTne a copy of The Tunes 

NAME. " ~ •- ' " : 

AGDjftES •• ’*• ‘ " ' • • ~ ’ 

Then my husband changed 
his job to one that gives him far 
more satisfaction, but is so 
demanding that he no longer 
has energy for anything but 
work, sleep, and a weekly round 
of golf- As marketing manager 
for an international firm his is 
under great competitive stress, 
and often abroad; hot though he 
works with the single-minded 
dedication of a tycoon, he does 
not receive a tycoon’s salary. 
We stiff need our double income 
if we are to continue our present 
way of life. 

During the. years I worked a 
five-day-week, often well into 
tire evening, we caught up with 
the shopping and the housework 
at the weekend and I wrote a 
coftmm for a newspaper while 
my husband played golf. Books 
got written somehow, rooms got 
decorated, the. garden weeded, 
and dinner-parties held. It was 
aD possible- while my husband 
had foe energy to do his share, 
but not now. All his energy is 
reserved for work. . 

In a married partnership with 
a home to run, and with cMdren 

who still see that home as the 
hub of foe family, somebody has 
to have time for foe domestic 
a i de of- life and for keeping the 
wider famil y relationships In 
good repair. 

Yet my job also needed my 
JuU commitment. I enjoyed it 



Margaret Duggan 

but with trying to carry the 
whole domestic burden, I found 
that my grasp was slipping. I 
was beginning to suffer physical 
signs of stress as I tried to keep 
the two in balance. 

It was traumatic to give ip a 
good salary and all the benefits 
of sick pay and pension rights. 
Bat my own ambitions are by no 
means at an end. My publishers 
are waiting for another book. I 
love writing, and I have scope 
for public relations work; but I 
also love entertaining and 
having people to stay. I could 
have a lovely life, if only I did 
not have to worry about trying to 
match the income I used to 
have. . .. 

There's tire rub. I am now 
assailed by fresh guilts. I have 
exchanged all the working-wife 
tensions about playing fair both 
by the family and by my various 
employers for a guilty feeling 
that I have opted out. I also feel 

guilty about not being able to be; 
so generous in giving handouts | 
to our impecuirions student 
children. As for myself, I have 
been used to buying what I need 
when I need it, and it is a hard 
habit to break. 

If yon don't work you don't 
earn. I was made uneasily aware 
that for three months my 
routine household expenses 
outstripped my earnings. My 
husband will always come to foe 
rescue, of course, but that does, 
not ease the guilt. All those 
wives who are going back to 
work as their children go to 
school are doubtless thinking, 
as I did, n>ai things can only get 
easier as their children grow up. 
Through their thirties and 
forties they will juggle with all 
the balls they must beep in the 
air, looking forward to the time 
when their children are indepen- 

But unless they have excep- 
tional energy, or foe conple's 
joint income is enough to buy 
the help they need to keep their 
domestic life running, many 
might find as I have done am 
that, once past SO, some 
of those halls start 
dropping round their J 




Early warning for cancer? 

Cervical cancer experts now believe, contrary to 
current practice, feat any woman who has an 
i abnormal cervical smear should be thoroughly 
investigated as soon as possible. 

An abnormal smear does not necessarily mean 
that cancer is present. More often than not it is 
simply an early warning that cells on the surface 
of the cervix have changed. In 20 to 30 per cent 
of cases there is a chance of progression to 
cancer, however. 

In the UK if a woman's abnormal smear shows 
only signs of early pre-malignant change (known 
to doctors as CXN 1 or mild dyskaryosis) or of 
inflammatory changes, she will usually be asked 
to come back for another check in three to six 
months time. This is because it is widely believed 
that many of these early lesions will revert to 
norma! spontaneously. 

A growing body of evidence now suggests that 
this policy could put women at unnecessary risk. 
The loudest call for a thorough investi gatio n of 
all abnormal smears ha s come from Mr Albert- 
Singer, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynae- 
cologist to the Whittington and Royal Northern 
Hospitals in London, and his colleagues. 

“There are severe! thing? which most worry 
us”, Mr Singer said. “We are now able to show 
feat many women with mildly abnormal smears 
in fact have more serious diseases. In the British 
M edic al Journal 18 mouths ago we reported feat 
a third hare a severe pre-cancerons stage and in 
a very few cases even have cancer. 

“There have also been a number of papers 

published by other workers which show that a 
quarter to a third of foe so-called inflammatory 
smears have underlying pre-cancer. 

“We are seeing more and more women in 
whom there has been a history of persistent 
abnormality, or indeed symptoms of cancer, 
which have been neglected.” 

Mr Singer adds that there is growing evidence 
that the genital wart virus, human papilloma 
virus (HPV) is responsible for cervical cancer. 

In a paper just published in foe British 
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Mr 
Singer and bis colleagues demonstrated that the 
type of wart virus thought to be most malignan t. 
HPV -type 16, was present in 55 per cent of 
mildly pre-cancerons lesions. It was present in 
90 per cent of cancers. 

Mr Singer says that new work is backing this 
evidence: 'There are now in progress studies 
which are showing that mild abnormalities tend 
to progress to more serious disease. As well as 
that we are showing feat fee DNA configuration 

in these mild lesions strongly resembles cancer. 

“We are now at a point wben we can say feat 
anyone who has an abnormal smear shonld have 
the cervix examined by colposcopy, a simple 
investigation which involves looking at the cervix 
through a microscope. It will show any abnormal 
tissue at the neck of foe womb and this can be 
immediately and painlessly sampled. Nine out of 
ten women with pre-cancer can now be 
successfully treated with the laser or other 
methods as ‘cautery’”. 

Striking a cord 
for slimmers* 

■ ‘ A new study has 

suggested that 
simply tying a 
. * fixed-length 

nylon cord 

around foe 
' ■’ ’ wai st could help 
a i ot m ore once- 
fat people stay thin. 

Dr John Gairow of foe 
Medical Research Council's 
clinical research centre at 
North wick Park, north-west 
.London, has pioneered fee use 
jf such a cord. In his latest still 
unpublished, study nearly 40 
patients had foe chance to use 
the cord for at least a year (the 
average time was three years). 
Fifty per cent managed to keep 
their weight down and many of 
those who slopped using foe 
cord did so for reasons other 
than weight gain such as 
pregnancy or an operation. 

As Dr Garrow explained 
people who have been fat often 
need an artificial indicator of 
weight gain if they are to keep 
their weight under control. 

“For someone who has 
never been more than 1 1 or 12 
stone, 13 stone is a big 
difference, but for someone 
who was once 20 stone and 
then jumps from 11 or 12 back 
to 13 stone , it is uot recogniz- 
sably so different” 

An eye on lenses 

A possible link 
between foe use 
of soft ex- 
contact lenses 
and an excess- 
ively high risk 
of corneal ulcer- 
ation has come under the 
scrutiny of foe Department of 

All contact lenses, hard or 
soft, can, in theory, cause 
corneal ulcers. This is because 
they tend to stop oxygen 
reaching fee cells on the 
surface of the eye, which then 
break down, forming an ulcer. 
Should this become infected 
serious trouble can result with 
potential loss of sight 
The problem is rare among 
users of “daily wear” contact 

lenses as long as the eyes get a 
routine rest from the lenses and 
the lenses are kept clean. But 
there is now a suggestion feat 
extended-wear users may be 
more prone to ulcers. 

In the United Stales the 
Food and Drug Administration 
along with lens makers and eye 
specialists is conducting a 
survey to see if the allegations 
are correct. Privately some 
observers believe feat a lack of 
hygiene could be at the root of 
the problem. 

In a parliamentary answer 
given just before Christinas Mr 
Barney Hay hoe. a health 
minister, said be was consider- 
ing funding research into 
corneal ulcers and contact lens 
wear in foe UK and said he 
was arranging the provirion by 
manufacturers of adequate 
instructions to contact lens 

Doctors’ dilemma 

If you were 
jyj«i standing in a 
bus queue and a 
doctor was 
behind you, 
would you ex- 
pect the doctor 
to point out that you had a skin 
cancer on your neck that 

needed treatment or would you 
prefer to be left in ignorance? 

ft’s a difficult question that 
has been exercising medical 
minds in the Journal of 

Medicine and Philosophy. 

The consensus is that a 
doctor should tap you on the 
shoulder and suggest you seek 
further help. 

One argument is that doctors 
have a duty to act in emerg- 
encies which may also involve 
them in giving unsolicited 
opinions. There's a caveat to 
this: the potential benefit of 
successful treatment must out- ■ 
weigh the psychological stress- 
es, the invasion of privacy and 
the costs of tests and so on. if 
the doctor's snap diagnosis 
turns out to be wrong. 

Another opinion is that 
before the tap on the shoulder 
doctors must be pretty sure of 
several things. They must look 
upon the condition as a serious 
threat to health, be relatively 
certain of the diagnosis, ana 

able to assume that the cancer 
would remain untreated but for 
the tap on the shoulder. 

Doctors must also be reason- 
ably convinced that the person 
approached would wish to know 
there wits something wrong the 
medical view being that the 
more serious the illness the 
stronger the wish. 

Finally they should only act 
if the disease is treatable. 

Blind faith 

y Superstition can 

I FRIDAY play havoc with 
1 operating sched- 

uies, according 
| If 10 a group of 

I J L surgeons in 

Cardiff who 
find many 
patients refuse to succumb to 
the slab and the knife if they 
are booked in on Friday 13 - 
the most recent one was last 

Mr John Fairclough and 
colleagues from Cardiff Royal 
Infirmary set out to test 
whether there is any evidence 
to support foe superstition and 
whether more accidents hap- 
pen on these days. They 
analysed the attendance figures 
at the accident and emergency 
department, comparing foe 
number on each Friday 13 - 
between 1975 and 1985 - with 
fee number who turned up the 
Friday before, on Friday 6. 

Those people who spend 
their life touching wood will 
be disappointed by the results. 
The range was from 130 on a 
Friday 13 to 280 on a Friday 6 
- fee average for Friday 13 was 
196 and for Friday 6, 204. 
These figures are not statisti- 
cally significant. 

Although fee surgeons point 
out that people may be more 
circumspect on Friday 13 and 
so less at risk, they tend to 
believe, more prosaically, feat 
Friday 13 is just another day. 
For those still unconvinced 
this year should be relatively 
calm: only' June 13 falls on a 
Friday. Next year may be more 
hazardous: 1987 carries three - 
in February, March and 
November. _ 

Olivia Tunbs 
and Lorraine Fraser 


IbO New Bond 8b*e*, London W1 

‘ MenindLidifC 
174 Sfoanr Start, London SW1 




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Grace and 

York House, the St James’s home of 
the Duke and Duchess of Kent, is 
unfit for h uman habitation - or at 
least unfit for royal habitation. As a' 
result, the Kents are homeless, and 
when they return from their winter 
break to London next week they will 
lodge with the Duke's aunt, the 
Queen Mother, in Clarence House 
until temporary accommodation is 
fixed up for them in St James’s 
Palace. Yesterday the Property 
Services Agency of the DoE said; 
“Parapet repairs were put in 
abeyance when it was discovered 
that further work was needed. It will 
start next month and cost 
£175,000.** The Duke's office tells 
me the work will take six months. 


The new Defence Secretary, George 
Younger, sported an ostentatious 
broad-striped tie for his first press 
briefing yesterday. Was it, a reporter 
asked, an old regimental tie? No, 
replied Younger, delighted that it 
had been noticed. “It is in fact the 
same ’tie that the head of the 
Ministry of Defence wears in all 
James Bond films.” Did that mean 
he was going to be M, asked another 
reporter? “No. no - M’s number 
one,” replied Younger complacent- 
ly. He denied being offered the job 
prior to Hescldne’s resignation 
yesterday. Either he had worn the tie 
purely by chance - or he had been 
keeping it beside him just in case. 


Julian Critchley must be enjoying 
some schadenfreude from the 
Heseltine affair it was Heseltine, a 
chum from Shrewsbury and Oxford 
days, who sacked him from the 
editorship of Town magazine in the 
eariy 1960s. Critchley may even 
make a few bucks out of the 
resignation if he rushes forward 
completion of his biography of 
Heseltine. One problem, however. 
Critchley yesterday was out sunning 
himself on a Caribbean cruise. 
Meanwhile. Old Salopians are 
ruefully recalling that another of 
their number is Westland's boss, Sir 
John Cuckney. 

"• Mrs Thatcher has changed her 
tune: Yo anger, was sacked by Mrs T 
as defence spokesman daring the 
Tory ~ opposition years in the 
Seventies and replaced by Sir Ian 
Gilmonr. sacked as Lord Privy Seal 
in 1981 for wetness. 

Westland: Peter Hennessy considers Mrs Thatcher’s Cabinet style; David Watt on the long -term jggacy 

Issues still to 
be faced 

The setting is Liverpool; the date, 
some time in 1982; the focus of 
attention, Michael Heseltine, Sec- 
retary of State for the Environment 
and Minister for Merseyside, cm one 
of his regular Monday visits to his 
blighted bailiwick. He is carefully 
fending off questions about a 
meeting of ministers at Number Ten 
when the recommendations of the 
minute to Mis Thatcher, It Took A 
Riot, was unpicked by her hard men. 
“Michael”, said a sympathetic 
journalist. “I sometimes wonder 
bow you manage to sit it out in that 
Cabinet". The Minister for Mersey- 
side said nothing but raised his eyes 
heavenward and smiled. 

Four years later he snapped. Mrs 
Thatcher, not known for her own 
delicacy in handling Cabinet con- 
ventions. had just invented a new 
one, custom-designed for her de- 
fence secretary: no more statements 
on Westland unless they had been 
approved by the Cabinet Office. 

The first cliche imbibed by the 
student of British government is that 
unlike many other Western nations 
we have no written constitution; 
that ours is a piece of puny shaped 
by what Parliament, ministers and 
the courts impress upon xt. It is not 
strictly true. Cabinet government 
does have a written constitution. It 
is called Questions of Procedure for 
Afinisters. It is classified “Confiden- * ee *_ 
rial", naturally, and is placed in the 
palms of every tyro minister by his 
private office. The guidelines consist 
of some 100 paragraphs of dos and 
don’ts, mainly dom's. It binds 
ministers band and foot, depriving 
them, in individual political terms, 
of their civil rights. 

In the Cabinet room yesterday, 
Mrs Thatcher did not need to 
promulgate a new paragraph. For 
example, she might have reminded 
Heseltine of the section in Question 
of Procedure dealing with collective 
responsibility which. reads as fol- 

“Decisions readied by the Cabinet or 
Cabinet committee are normally 
announced and defended by the 
minister concerned as his own 
decisions. There may be rare 
occasions when it is desirable to 
emphasise the importance of some 
decisions by stating specifically that it 
is the decision of Her Majesty's 
government. This, however, should 
be the exception rather than the rule. 
The growth of any general practice 
whereby decisions of the Cabinet or of 
Cabinet committee were announced 
as such would lead to the embarrass- 
ing result that some decisions of 
government would be regarded as less 
authoritative than others. Critics of a 
decision reached by a particular 
committee could press for its review 
by some other commit ice or by the 
Cabinet, and the constitutional right 
of individual ministers to speak in the 
name of the government as a whole 
would be impaired." 

Since the meeting of EA, the 
Prime Minister’s Cabinet committee 
on economic strategy, on December 
9. Heseltine has succeeded in 
making the decision to let Westland 
succour from whom it may 
look distinctly “less authoritative 
than others”. He himself has not 
ceased to “press for its review” by 
the full Cabinet - pressure which 
eventually brought about his down- 

Although Mrs Thatcher is hardly 
the person to play the traditionalist 

in matters of cabinet government it 
would be an exaggeration to say that 
she had so hammoed the conven- 
tions that we now have full-blooded 
prime ministerial rather than collec- 
tive cabinet government - that, as 
one seasoned insider put it, “We 
have a form of presidential govern- 
ment in which she operates like a 
sovereign in her court". 

But Mrs Thatcher has refashioned 
the practice of cabinet government 
to reflect her dislike of collectivism 
in all its forms. And, typically, she 
did warn us. Three months before 
becoming Prime Minister she told 
Kenneth Harris: “It must be a 
conviction government. As Prime 
Minister I could not waste time 
having any internal arguments.” 

The record is eloquent on the 
question, reflecting hex passion both 
for economy add a commanding 
style of leadership. Cabinet meetings 
are down to between 40 and 4 5 a 
year (about half the annu a l total of 
the 1950s). The number of cabinet 
papers submitted by ministers for 
collective discussion is between 60 
and 70 a year, one-sixth of the flow 
in the 1950s. 

She has kept her Cabinet com- 
mittee structure very lean, too. She 
prefers informal ad hoc sessions at 
Number Ten with a departmental 
minister and his team defending a 
paper they have prepared for her, 
not the Cabinet against Mrs 
Thatcher and her team. When the 
full Cabinet is permitted to discuss 
an issue, she lets it be known at the 
outset what she ihfaks and it is up to 
the others to talk her out of it if they 

Heseltine is not alone in disliking 

this .adaptation of . cabinet 
mesh David BoweH, sacked as 
transport secretary after the last 
genera! election, -said in an interview 
last yean “Of course there is a 
deterring effect if oat knows that 
one's going to go into a discussion 
not where various points of view 
will be weighed and gradually a view 
may be achieved, but into a huge 
argument where tremendous battle 
lines will be drawn up and everyone 
who doesn’t foil into line win be hit 
on (he head.” 

In his complaints about- the 
omission of his protest from Cabinet 
minutes, Heseltine has highlighted 
the power vested in the Cabinet 
Secretary, who controls the record of 
what was said. Although these 
tensions have been revealed before - 
most notably by Richard Crossman 
from inside Harold Wilson’s first 
cabinet - . past practice has been 
different Cabinet papas available 
under the 30-year-nue show that 
when ■ ministerial resignations 
seemed possible, the cabinet sec- 
retariat took unusually full minutes 
of the marc difficult discussions. 

Heseltine is now free to voice his 
lamest for cabinet government 
publicly. Nye Be van once said: 
“There are only two ways of getting 
into the cabinet One way is to crawl 
up the staircase of pre ferment on 
your belly; the other way is to kick 
them in the teeth”. Heseltine, unlike 
some around the table, is not, and. 
never has been, a staircase man. 

The author is a Visiting Fellow at the 
Policy Studies Institute. His book, '■ 
Cabinet will be published by 
Blackwell in June. 

Anne Qwers makes a plea for 10,000 facing statelessness 


Headline's departure has ru filed 
feathers at the Institute of Directors 
which had just listed him, along with 
Princess Anne, as a chief speaker at 
its convention in the Albert Hall 
next month. Hurried discussions 
ensued yesterday. An loD spokeswo- 
man said: “As far as we are 
concerned, we are still expecting him 
as a backbench MP ... he might 
have a lot to contribute.” An hour 
later, foe loD was less sure. Another 
statement said: “At this moment he 
has not withdrawn his acceptance. 
We are still considering foe situ- 


•It was either that or 
getting the chopper* 

Who Ken? 

Is there no competent Tory prepared 
to take on Ken Livingstone at foe 
next election? From 50 applicants, 
Brent East Conservatives have been 
unable to find a candidate of 
sufficient calibre to stand against 
him and plan to re-advertise. This 
time they expect a much better 
response. With Reg Freesoru the 
sitting MP ousted by Livingstone as 
foe Labour candidate, now appar- 
ently ready to stand against him as 
an independent, there will doubtless 
be many opportunists who see foe 
chance of Tory victory by default in 
this hitherto hopeless seat. . 


W. H. Smith may soon be scrapping 
its “nuclear debate” section after the 
recent allegations - reported in this 
column - of a pro-unilateralist bias 
in its choice of books. Research by a 
retired teacher, W. R. Smith (no 
relation), showed that of SS titles on 
foe shelves, no fewer than 46 
supported CND arguments - even 
though there are 170 books on the 
market with no CND slant. Smith’s 
managing director, Malcolm Field, 
replied by saying that foe cheaper, 
more marketable, books on foe 
subject are mostly neutral or CND 
and that foe publishers of books 
taking a xnultilateralist line have 
made little effort to push them. 
Nevertheless, he admits that 25 
titles bought by the firm during the 
CND-backed National Peace Book 
Week did not sell and will be sent 
frfli-v- “it is now open to some doubt 
whether foe nuclear debate merits a 
separate section in our book 
departments,” he said. PHS 

“We chose Hong Kong because 
Hong Kong was pan of foe British 
Empire and because we had faith in 
the law’s and foe system of 
government of Great Britain. . .We 
thought we would be secure in being 
members of that community whose 
way of life we had adopted, whose 
laws and systems we respected, 
whose institutions we revered and to 
whom we deliberately gave our 
allegiance. . .We should not become 
foe orphans of foe Sino-British 
accord. Belonging to neither one 
country or another, we will almost 
certainly be left, 'stateless', in foe real 
sense of foe word.” 

This petition sets our foe dilemma 
of Hong Kong's 10,000 Indians as 
the colony prepares to return to 
China in 1 997. It is a dilemma that 
should be considered when Parlia- 
ment decides on the future of its 
nationals in Hong Kong next week. 
Like the 3.25 million Chinese, 
minorities are being offered a status. 
British National (Overseas), which 
carries no right to live anywhere and 
which they cannot pass on to their 
children. Bul unlike Chinese British 
Nationals (Overseas), they will not 
also be citizens of China, with full 
rights in foe country where they will 

Nationality is a question of 
belonging: for a state it defines foe 
people for whom it has ultimate 
responsibility; for individuals it 
defines foe country where they 
belong as of right and gives them the 
security and self-confidence to plan 
their future. Almost all of Hong 
Kong’s people feel that they belong 
to Hong Kong. But, unlike other 
British dependencies, Hong Kong is 
not passing from colonial status as it 
returns to China. Its minorities have 
therefore fallen through a gap 
between foe terms of the Sino- Brit- 
ish agreement and Britain's convol- 
uted nationality laws. 

The first has created “one 
country, two systems" - Hong Kong 
as a capitalist enclave within China 
- but has only given Chinese 
nationality to Hong Kong residents 
who are ethnically Chinese. The 
second has created “one country, six 
citizenships” - six forms of British 
nationality of which only one, 
British citizenship, carries foe right 
to live in Britain and which has 
made Britain foe only country in foe 
world to refuse entry to its own 
nationals. British Asians from East 
Africa were foe first victims of this 
unique idea of citizenship; foe non- 
Chinese minorities in Hong Kong 
are foe latest It is causing acute 
anxiety and a widespread feeling of 

The minorities in Hong Kong are 
of Indian, Eurasian and European 
origin. Some of their ancestors 
helped the British raise the flag in 
1842. They came as traders and 
entrepreneurs; they took on the 
traditional “buffer” role between the 
expatriate British and foe Chinese 
population, in foe police, army and 
clerical services. Some had British 

For Hong Kong Chinese the offer of Peking citizenship - bat not for the minorities 

What will befall 
Hong Kong’s 

fathers who never married their 
Chinese mothers; some were pris- 
oners of war during the Japanese 
occupation. Their lack of an 
effective nationality, their position 
as ethnic minorities and their past 
colonial role all combine to make 
them feel very vulnerable. 

Official explanations bave tried to 
veil foe problem. It is claimed that 
foe minorities have security in Hong 
Kong under foe agreement with 
China: The latter has indeed 
generously permitted all non-Chi- 
nese aliens who have had foe right to 
live in Hong Kong to retain that ■ 
right. However, most non-British 
aliens will also have full citizenship 
status in - another country, which 
would hold ultimate responsibility 
for them. China has made it clear 
that it regards foe status of British 
National (Overseas) merely as a 
temporary travel document facility. 

It is also claimed that foe British 
nationality proposals avoid state- 
lessness. In one sense this is true: all 
British nationals will be given a 
British status after 1997, but tha t 
status will not carry any rights. 
Statelessness is not avoided by 
giving people names and passports: 
if it were that easy, there would be 
no stateless people in foe world. 
Real statelessness is prevented by 
providing rights, responsibilities and 

above all a place to belong. The 
distribution and proliferation of new 
titles is about as effective .a remedy 
against statelessness as airlifting 
lunchon vouchers as a remedy 
against famine in Ethiopia. 

Then there is the fear of 
immigration to Britain, foe panic 
button which is pressed every time 
tbe rights of non-white British 
nationals are at issue. Hong Kong is 
depicted as a country full of Chinese 
people desperate to enter Britain. 
This is quite untrue: Hong Kong is a 
sophisticated trading country, the 
major financial centre of foe Far 
East, and British people there do not 
wish to leave their homes or come to 
Britain. They merely want security 
to stay there at a time of 
unprecedented change. 

The immigration argument in- 
variably ignores foe large number of 
people who already have rights .to 
live in Britain - 200 million EEC 
nationals, about a million white 
South Africans, up to ' 9 million 
Commonwealth citizens with Brit- 
ish-born parents or grandparents. 
All these potential immigrants are 
white: their right to enter or work is 
unchallenged and untbreatening. 

The fourth and final veil held up 
by officialdom has just been tom 
down by the Hong Kong Legislative . 
Council. It was argued that special 

treatment for minorities would be 
racially divisive and would cause 
great resentment among the 
majority Chinese population. It is 
true that many Chinese British 
people in Hong Kong are angry at 
the progressive devaluation of foeir 
own British nationality. But the 
problem of the minorities is that 
they are caught between two racially 
discriminatory nationality laws, 
those of Britain and China. In 
debate on foe nationality proposals 
on December 4 last year, Hong 
Kong Legislative councillors, almost 
all o? whom were of Chinese origi n, 
unanimously urged foe British 
Parliament to grant foe minorities 
special treatment. 

That request has had no response 
and has generated no publicity in 
Britain. The fears of other groups of 
British people such as foe Prot- 
estants of Northern Ireland, anxious 
that foe agreement with Dublin 
might make them “some sort of 
semi-British citizens” and the 
Falkland Islanders receive greater 

British minorities in Hqng Kong 
are the victims of apathy and racial 
discrimination because, unlike the 
F alk lan ders and Gibraltarians who 
live in the only other .British 
dependencies which cannot achieve 
independence, they- will' not be 
provided with a route to full British 

Britain's failure to take responsi- 
bility for ensuring that all British 
people in Hong Kong have an 
effective and secure - nationality 
status is how creating insecurity for 
them and for Hong Kong; in foe 
long term, foe legacy of bitterness 
and mistrust which it has created 
could do even greater harm to 
Britain’s own long-term i n te r ests. 

The author is research and develop 

author is research and devdop- 
qfficerjor the Joint Council for 
Vafare of Immigrants. 

Professor with the healing touch 

Unlike some of his fellow country- 
men, Professor Bolaji Akinyemi, 
Nigeria's minister of external affairs, 
has a soft spot for Britain. He did his 
doctorate in political science' at 
Trinity College. Oxford, and then a 
couple of years ago went to St John's 
College, Cambridge, as an overseas 
scholar. He was about to return to 
Cambridge at the time of foe 
Nigerian coup last autumn, but was 
asked by foe new military leader. 
General Ibrahim Babangida, to 
become foreign minister. So sudden 
was the switch that he decided to 
leave his family in Cambridge, 
where his children were happily at 

He has been particularly gratified, 
therefore, that his official visit to 
London this week has produced 
agreements that are expected to lead- 
to the normalization of diplomatic 
relations between Britain and its 
former West African colony alter a 
two-year hiatus. “At last we are 
talking to each other again like two 
civilized people.” he told me daring 
a break in a heavy schedule of 
meetings with top people in 
government and finance. 

Relations between. Nigeria and 
Britain have been strained since 
each withdraw its high com- 
missioner after the kidnapping in 
July 1984 of Umaru Dikko, a former 

Nigerian minister, and the attempt 
to smuggle him back to Nigeria in a 
crate to face corruption charges. 
Although rejecting his request Un- 
political asylum, Britain refused to 
extradite him and Dikko is still 
living in London. 

For the Nigerians foe Dikko affair 
came to symbolize a broader set of 
resentments about the attitudes of 
foeir former imperial masters as well 
as a widely held belief that some 
British companies exploited Nigeria 
at foe height of its oil boom. It is 
significant that foe delicate issue of 
Johnson Matthey Bankers has been 
high on Alrinyexni’s agenda - the 
bank has claims totalling £100 
million against Nigeria, although 
some are alleged to be fraudulent. 

Tbe Nigerians also believe that 
Britain was deliberately unsympa- 
thetic over foe ecomomic problems 
Nigeria faced when oil prices 
plunged. Many blame Britain, by far 
Nigeria's largest creditor, for its 
failure to reach an international 
agreement on rescheduling its £11. 8 
billion external debt. 

Britain, along with Nigeria’s other 
major creditors, had been insisting 
that any debt rescheduling should 
hinge on Lagos reaching an under- 
standing with foe International 
Monetary Fond on a £1.8 billion 
loan. The previous regime, led by 

General Mo hamm ed Buhari, had 
rejected the conditions which foe 
IMF attached to its loan offer, and 
so, after months of public debate, 
has foe present Nigerian govern- 
ment. Instead of accepting the IMF 
loan. President Babangida has 
introduced a set of budgetary 
reforms, including a cut in domestic 
petroleum subsidies, a pledge to 
introduce a “realistic” exhange rate 
for the naira and measures to boost 
agriculture, which together are 
intended to bring about foe coun- 
try’s economic recovery. 

It is this economic package, which 
in fact meets most of the conditions 
demanded by foe IMF, that has 
enabled the two countries to move 
towards a restoration 1 of full 
diplomatic relations. 

Over foe past three days Mrs 
Thatcher, Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, and Leon Brittan, 
Secretary for Trade and Industry, 
have all told Akinyemi that they 
approve the recovery programme - 
so much so, in fact, that Brittan has 
offered to open talks on a new line of 
credit to Lagos. 

“This offer is a major achieve- 
ment,” said Akinyemi- “It means 
that Britain Is no longer insisting we 
accept the IMF loan before offering 
us new credit, and it will be a signal 
to our other creditors that Britain is 

confident Nigeria is now back on 

Akinyemi, a former director of 
the Nigerian Institute of Inter- 
national Affairs (Nigeria’s equiva- 
lent of Chatham House), said 
improved Angfo-Nigerian relations 
will make it easier to deal with other 
differences that separate foe two 

Top of . the British list . of 
complaints is the case of two British 
helicopter engineers, Angus Patter- 
son and Ketmeth Clark, who were 
recently jailed for 14 years for 
helping to steal a small private 
aircraft from Lagos airport 

There was a widespread feeling in 
Britain that foe severity of the 
sentences was politically motivated, 
in retaliation for Britain’s refusal to 
give up Dikko and the 12-year 
sentence imposed by a British court 
on Major Mohammed Yusnfu, one 
of Dikko’s kidnappers. 

. “I assured Mrs Thatcher and Sir 
Geoffrey there was no relationship 
between the case of the two British 
engineers and Mr Dikko,” Akinyemi. 
said. “It is totally alien to President 
Babangida’s nature to male* tw. 
people scapegoats for what has 
happened in Britain.** 

. Nicholas Ashford 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

Although it has led to foe spectacu- 
lar resignation of a senior mini s ter, 
the Westland helicopter row h 
intrinsically rather unimportant. 
Helicopters are a useful slice of foe 
defence market, but Britain is not 
going to be left in a state of helpless 
vulnerability if there is no indepen- 
dent British company capable of 
making them. 

The long-term economic and 
technological stakes in this particu- 
lar industry are nor all that high, 
either. Compared with the question 
of the Strategic Defence Initiative, 
which really does raise fundamental 
issues but about which there has 
been infinitely less public debate, 
Westland is a very small sideshow. 

And yet, for better or worse; it has 
become a symbolic test case 
involving not just the standing and 
careers of Messrs Leon Brittan and . 
Michael Heseltine bat three of the 
most imp or tant and emotive issues 
. of contemporary British politics - 
Europeanism. versus foe Atlantic 
“special relationship”, cabinet ver- 
sus prime ministerial government, 
government intervention versus the 
free market. We have been watching 
a genuinely high drama — and the 
. fact that at least part of foe outcome 
will - rest with the' Westland share- 
holders, a gro up of people who are 
largely .uninterested - in the wider 
’ implications, only adds to the 
dr amat ic irony. 

- ; Amid all the speculation about 
Hesdtine’s calculating reasons for 
raising foe political stakes in the 
Westland case to such enormous 
heights, one motive, more altruistic, 
has usually been omitted; namely 
his real commitment to a European 
defence identity. He has for some 
years been an instinctive “Euro- 
pean”, after the rather bombastic 
nationalism that used to be his 
youthful political stock in trade. 
Some of this is still retained in his 
suspicion of American domination 
but is now combined with a 
modernist's enthusiasm. - for the 
economic and technological poten- 
tial of tbe European market. 

Since he became Defence Sec- 
retary he cultivated his European 
counterparts and signally failed 
to hit U off whh Caspar' Weinberger, 
the American defence secretary. 
More important, he actively badeed 
all sorts of European initiatives in 
his field, including the European 
policy group within Nato, the 
revival of foe Western European 
Union, and tbe European fighter 
aircraft. He was initially reluctant 
and sceptical about British partici- 
pation in President Reagan’s Star 
Wars “bonanza”, and foe fact that 
he was outmanoeuvred by the Prime 
Minister and obliged to toe her line - 
on that issue probably fuelled his 
determination in this care. 

What has been arrayed against 
him was not so much a definite anti- 
European sentiment in Whi tehall, 
although there are pockets of foat in 
foe Department of Trade and 
Industry (DTI) and in the Treasury, 
or even prime ministerial devotion 
to Reagan, buttwootberingrained 
tendencies of foe present British, 
establishment. These are a weary 
and not entirely unjustified belief 
that any cooperative venture, with 
the Europeans is bound to involve 
endless argument and frustration 
and a deep reluctance to admit that 
real political choices ever have to be 
made by the British ; as b etween . 
Europe and America. 

The first of these doubtless lies at 
the bottom of Sir John Cockney’s 
mind; the second has been imbed- 
ded in nearly all parts of Whitehall 
and in Downing Street (except 

daring Edward Heath's tenure) far 
25 years, and reinforces foe govern, 
meat's ide ological desire to allow 
purely commercial constdra aliens fa 
bold sway. 

Heseltine probably overplayed his 
hand in lairing on Mrs Thatcher fa 
the way did. There is no doubt tfor 
he has couched a very raw nerve by 
raising foe issue of prune ministerial 
power. This is why it was so difficult' 
for the Prime Minister to shut him 
np. It has been virtually impossible 
to talk to any minister or senior 
official outside tbe Cabinet Office 
for many months without hearing 
another late of woe - about prime 
ministerial high-handedness, about 
Downing Street interference fa 
detailed departmental manors and 
about the manipulative use of 
cabinet committees and ad hoc 
working groups to ensure that 
decisions are taken in accordance 
with Mrs Thatcher's wishes. 

AH these complaints have ■ been 
heard under most prime mufotets 
since Lloyd George but never so 
loudly in a time of peace as they are 
today. Initation wifoin some parts 
of foe Cabinet is now fintiring over 
in this affair. B ec ause oftfcrCbn- 
servatives have serai- foe neefcfcoi 
developing over a long period they 
are not d is po sed 0 > oc ncariy' 
outraged by H e tettifle Y insabonfi- 
natioo, or as prttttcfhrc of Mfa 
Thatcher, as they would have been a 
couple of years ago. 

One of the obvious mysteries of 
this fracas fies in tbe role of Leon 
Brittam Anyone can s» tost he and 
Heseltine were never made In be 
bosom friends, bfit why did be come, 
out so strongly on foe “non-inter* 
ventimrist” (Sikorsky) side? After 
all, his department, the DTI, has .an 
interest in creating a European arms 
. market, and nt rostering European 
technology. He huiMW : hxd been 
against the Star Wart deal on similar 

The answer seems to Ke partly fa 
a purist decennination that govern- 
ment purchasing power does not. 
justify interventioir in a company's 
commercial judgement. ' It >Isp Iks 
in it strong suspicion that Headline's 
dream of a rationalized European 
arms industry would actually coat 
the British taxpayer a great deal of 
money in govemmOTt-subsidiscd 
research and development before it 
could be realized, and that foe game 
is not worth foe candle. 

By stating .the issues in these 
rather general terms I don't want to 
imply that Heseltine is a paladin, 
mtsnflicd fay any taint of self-inter- 
ested cateufatiOD. On the contrary, 
be is by nature a very ambitious and 
experienced publicist on his own 
behalf But that only make* his • 
recent behaviour more interesting. 
He has., been taking some very 
u nc h ar ac t eristic gamtflesand one 
senses behind foem^for once, an 
overracfihg emotional compulsion 

The odds havobebi stacked too 
heavily against him. to win this, 
particular fight and there is a strong 
probability that be has- damaged 
himsdf per manentl y in the process. 
But by dramatising the hjg issues he 
may have shifted opinion in 
Whit ehall , in ids own parfy and in 

. After this episode certain realities 
assume a mare definite outline - the 
idiocy of pretending that a hands-off 
policy towards industry! is an 
invariable principle, the practical 
limits of prime ministerial power 
and, most of all, foe occasional . 
necessity of groping out of our mid- . 
Atlantic fog towards dearer de- 
cisions for foe 21st century. 

moreover . . . Miles Kmgtmi 

TV’s great chat 

Chat shows and quiz prog ra mme 
are often said to be foe cheapest 
kind of television to put on. Not so; 
TV programmes about TV pro- 
grammes are the cheapest of aD,., 
involving only one man smtjf a few 
dips or foe odd viewer's letter. The 
other night I awoke from a strange 
nightmare, in which. L dreamt I was 
watching an omnibus programme 
about TV called Do They Mean 
Clive James's Points iff View? As far 
as I can remember, it went like this , 
Lndoric Kennedy: Good eve ning 
Tonight I have with me a Lecturer 
in Communications called Ray- 
mond, who teaches at Stuart Hall; 

foe young punk choreographer Chad 

Valley; and the late Gilbert Hardin g 
This week we have been watching 
Do They Mean Us? r CLive James on 
Television and Points of View. 

Voice: Blimey oh RcaDy oh Jumping 
Jimmy Cricket ... 

Barry Toole . . writes the Duke of 
Dorsetshire from Yorkshire ... 

Voice: . . . Where on earth does 
Ludovic Kennedy drag these hope- 
less pundits up from? I find it 
scandalous . that I have to pay a £58 
licence feeito watch these half-baked 
media nonentities being paid to talk 
about their telly viewing. Why can’t 
they write their complaints on a 

postcard and send -them to yon, 

Barry, like all of us other nonen- 
tities, and take foeir chance? 

Perhaps they do, your 

lot of postcards here we never ret 
around to reading! But one we dS 


Bony Took: And why, don’t you 
send for your licence t/> .S wanse a like 
everyone else? But ft's a go od idea 
and nl put it to Gofohel Gadmfi, or 
whoever owns most ‘shares in- foe 
Post Office. : - . •/. 

Lndovic Kennedy: Raymond? -What 
did you think of tbepro&amme? •' 
Raymond: I think foe Duke’s quite 
right, i can’t imagine why anyone 
pays me to spout my hai^bakfid 
ideas. But since you ask. V- 
Lndovic: C hari? 

Chad: I fink' Barry TdokVjacket 

Lndovic: The late Gilbert Hfirffihg? 
(Silence) dive? 

laughter) Yon might riitfik. that 
commercials for mvfogqryn deod- 
raxxts were much the same round the 
- world. Not so in ThHnpi n w k , (Shots of 
baboons in a clearing . Caption: 
Jungle Scent Hysterical laughter.) 
Perhaps it might even get the Bob® 
smelling better. (Hystenoal, uncomp- 
rehending laughter.) Perhaps noL 
Derek Jameson: gar bfimey. Hang 
on a mo. Is he saying .tre Bats don’t 
wash? Strewth. Lnmme. Here’s *- 

cake of soap, dive. Whal a liberty. 

Ludovic: Raymond? 

Raymond: Derek Jamesfo* 
critics, but 1 thin k fce-fa^hra very >, 
real sena* minimoUgf tyfevju rih n. 

ChafcW<reBttmean,ti3? - 

Raymond: I don’t know, dive 
James, on the other hand, has done 
for Japanese teievisioa what. lather •- 
Rantzen has -done- for crooked 
plum bers and builders. . .in other . - 
words, uses dirty jokes' for a high 
“oralpurpose. > t; . V.vj 

nth»r Aav r™. wp — r* m««us me 5®^ Ja me son: ’ere^ . steady on.; J - 

3,1 }t aor ’ waiting <fidn \S lu 5?9 Bt Arlft deep, tins 

formy TV keener and got chatter, one. We Brits don't' trust intefleO* 
whoxS tnafaCor.Stoitethelro^ 

qneumg m front of me. AH we hadfo 

video set showing 

dnkeg otto thmlgag; whydont they 
show repeats of popd*? 

Toole Arid foatVaft vftrfafofe 
ti m e for. So aai evoir. -. . • 

Derek Jameson; TTFN : 1 
Clive Jancte Sh 



. And in a moment . 

be a proper p ro gramm ed 



j P-O- Box ?,. 200 Gray's Inn Road. London WC IX 8EZ. Telephone: 01-837 1234 

' +.'.v 


r • 


” '-A 


There are many senior Tories - 
in and out of the Cabinet - who 
must feel jealous at the mannw 
of Mr Michael Heseltine’s resig- 
nation yesterday. To have lost an 
1 argument., to have picked up. 
one’s papers and rushed oirt into 
; Downing Street, to- -have 
delivered- a statesmanlike apo- 
logia to. a televised press confer-, 
ence: for the more feint-hearted ’ 
ministers who . have .xapssed. 
swords with Mrs Thatcher’ since 
. 1979. Mr Heseltine’s example 
can only be a painful re mind er of 
what might have been. ' ‘ 

The immediate assessment of 
MPs yesterday was that .the ex- 
Defence Secretary had banned 

both the Government and' his 

own future leadership prospects. 
The first is surely much more 
certain than the second. The : 
man who waved the Commons 
mace, who led an acco untan ts* 
crusade to Merseyside, whose 
position as the darling of the 
Conservative Tarty Conference 
is built on a once-a-year bout of 
rhetoric, needs no lessons in . the 
political advantage of the grand 

He has always been open, to 
criticism along die fines of 
“ought the fingers that gripped 
the mace to be allowed near the 
nuclear button?”; but by and 
large his gestures have served' 
him welL They have become, 
better planned too: We must 
accept his assurance that work 
on the lengthy statement which 
he delivered at four o’clock 
yesterday was not bqjun until 
after he had left the Cabinet 
room. But it is hard to believe - 
and not even- creditable to his 
case that be went into, 
yesterday's Cabinet meeting 
without knowing pretty much 
the maimer in which he was - 
prepared to leave iL . 

Has he' judged his tactics 
correctly? As far as the matter of 
Westland Helicopters is con- 
cerned the answer must be yes. 
There are four days, to the 
extraordinary shareholders* 

- meeting that will direct -the 
company’s future. If be had 
saved his resignation nntil .after 
.the Sikorsky-Fiat bid. bad been 
accepted it would have looked 
like pique. If his European allies 
had .-won their . adjournment he 
. would have lost cause to resign. 

- - . He itow has the time,’freedom, 
and privileged information -with 

.which . to fi g h t . the European 
campaign, in : whIch- : be ' so 
passionately believes. His cool 
performance at yesterday’s press 
conference suggests that he may 
sway many. ■ an uncommitted 
shareholder in the days to come. 
The manner in which he denies 
personal ambition is likely to be 
persuasive, tp many whose 
relations with their stockbroker 
is ctoser than it is with their local 

If the Europeans eventually 
emerge victorious his position 
'on the back .benches will' "be 
bolstered by the support of very 
many in the _ Defence and 
industry -lobby of Tory MPs who 
have;, seen their new champion 
fight his corner and .win. If the 
Sikorsky-Fiat bid wins he will 
still .-be seen as a. doughty 
champion./ . 

r - The danger will come when 
the Westland affair is over. As 
other former Cabinet members 
have found, today’s lending man 
can easily become tomorrow’s 
spear-carrier. The back benches 
are not the natural place for Mr 
Heseltine to thrive. He can make 
neither the big gestures (no more 
Pouting/ no mare Merseyside), 
narfiH bis time in <fepartmental 
management (no more romanti- 
cising the cult of efficiency). He 
will be left with’ what he does 
worse, and Mr Peter Walker does 
best, the gentle , massaging of 
parliamentary, affiances in the 
bars and tea rooms of Westmins- 
ter.- • 

; With this prospect in view, it 
may seem to have been rash for 
Mr Heseltine to have launched 
quite such an' outspoken attack 
on the Rime Muiister yesterday. 

It is a dubious clichfe that the 
Tory party does not like dis- 
loyalty.. What it certainly does 
-not like is excessive disloyalty. 
. To say that hers is “no proper 
way to run a Government”;, to 
attack the ill temper of her 
Cabinet committees; to accuse 
-her of virtual duplicity in 
pretending to possess an even- 
handed attitude to Westland’s 
/ future when she had no such 
thing: these charges were tougher 
than his supporters were expect- 
ing and, indeed, than they might 
-have liked. 

His choice of ground was, 
h Dwever, characteristically good. 

- V festland will be a passing 
. political fancy. European anna- 
x Lents procurement is not the 
populist issue that is going to 
grip the Conservative Party by 
its throat But Mrs Thatcher’s 
style of government is a subject 
of widespread concern among 
Conservatives at Westminster. 
Over the years even her closest 
supporters have complained of 
her intolerance in debate to 
which Mr Heseltine’s statement 
■mafcfts such detailed and damag- 
ing reference. 

The actual casus belli - the 
Cabinet’s acceptance of a scheme 
for clearing members* statements 
on ah inter-departmental issue - 
is not unprecedented. But by 
stressing the fact that it would 
not allow him to make state- 
ments or answer questions on 
-matters which he had already 
raised he has skilfully cast Mrs 
Thatcher in the light of censor 
rather than information co-ordi- 

The Prime Minister’s mode of 
Government was more widely 
tolerable when her adminis- 
tration had a sense of urgency - 
to control the unions, to bring 
down inflation, to win the 
Faiklands war. It is less accept- 
able if the momentum is seen 
to be slowing down. It is an issue 
which will last. It is an issue to 
which Mr Heseltine has been 
clever to link to his future. 


During her term of office, Mrs 
r - . Thatcher has presided over one 
; ; of the swiftest and most spec-. 

tacularjp&bfc^fiine extensions of; 
: i the State. Its agent has been the 
./ Manpower “ I Services - Com- 
. . mission; . its -. • programme the 
. .. ^ Youth Vi Training Scheme. 

- Government has made youth its . 
business by virtually raising the 

- - ; age : of compulsory education and 
• “ training to 18 for large numbers 
: of the population. 

. . Youth training has had little 
to do with ideology. Faced with 

the growing scale of youth 

. . joblessness and the. - evident 
. 7 unpreparedness of 1 6-year-olds 

.- . for the labour market, ministers . 
- [ have acted. To justify their large 

- : expenditures they could call to 
: -r; their aid arguments from econ 1 

-.omics and demography about 
-- - the need to delay, entry to the job 
market while a bulging age 
— cohort passes through ado- 

There, are arguments for 
7.JL. sociology. too, and from the 

crime statistics that itis better to 
keep a pair of young hands 
1 A[ gainfully occupied than idle and 
prone to theft or violence. 
However it is justified, YTS 
j- p exists, and however much pro- 

1 C grass is made in lowering the 
** costs of young labour and freeing 
up the job market at its junior 
end, improved- youth training 
' will continue to be a central 
V - 1 concern of Government. The , 
question is: is that all Govern- 
' ment should be doing for youth? 
-: 1 ; Advocates from several sides 
. of politics have recently come 

‘ - . . together, on the common ground 

■ of extending the Governments 

- concern with youth into some 
sort of programme of national 
service. The very phrase excites 
those who see in a period of 
compulsory service at arms a 
recipe for better defence. 

National service, of some 
kind, has also attracted those 
who tend to talk loosely about 
youthful . : “alienation”. : ■ Behind 
both stands the evidence of 
opinion polls which show that 
young and old alike might 
welcome some period of youth- 
ful service, military or civil, for 
the common good. There is a 
half-articulated belief strongest 
among those of an age to have 
experienced the drills and rou- 
tines of compulsory service in 
the military, that what matters 
most is not the content of a 
period of national service but the 
very fact of a common experi- 
ence for a generation, serving to 
bind together classes and con- 
ditions in a society with a 
diminishing stock or common 
culture. • . 

. Like so many emanati ons 
from the Social Democrats, 
yesterday’s paper oh a scheme 
for national service through the 
voluntary social service organi- 
zations correctly identifies an 
area where Government might 
act imaginatively, but then fails 
the practical test The party’s 
papers rede of desk-top Fabian- 
ism, of plans, drawn up by ivory 
tower committees which if they 
were ever to be applied in the 
real world of trade unions, self- 
interested professionals, stohd 
bureaucrats and criminal inner- 
city youth would . result in a 
squandering of public money. 
The Social Democrats sit on the 
fence. They dislike the notion of 
a fbll-blooded scheme of military 
or civil conscription for 18-year- 
olds, but they are also too statist 
merdy to want a thousand local 
schemes of voluntary work to 
flourish in untidy profusion. 

Instead they opt for a central 
.quango doling out pots of money 
to local projects over which it- 
could exercise no proper super- 

vision unless, like the MSC, it 
were prepared to countenance 
both a laige bureaucracy and the 
potential loss of sums in wasteful 

The leader of the SDP com- 
mittee which produced this plan 
is Ms Sue Slipman, a lady whose 
smooth and speedy translation 
from the central committee of 
the Communist Party to that of 
the SDP amazed even con- 
noisseurs of political apostasy. 
Ms Slipman has been a trade 
union official. The document 
therefore bows to the municipal 
unions. It necessarily skims over 
the difficulties in . recruiting 
volunteer young people to serial 
services which are heavily 
unionized: it is difficult to see 
the National Union of Public 
Employees endorsing a scheme 
for using young people as home 
helps or auxiliary kitchen hands. 

That there are people, some 
old, some in ill health, some 
incapacitated, who need assist- 
ance in forms other than cash is 
unquestionable. There are poten- 
tial young volunteers - not 
necessarily unemployed - with 
energy and time. What needs 
hard thought is how to link 
them. In Britain, sadly but 
inevitably, national agencies 
tend to dictate national stan- 
dards which employ bureaucrats 
antipathetic to the voluntary 
spirit. Innovation in public 
policy will entail some scheme 
by which central Government 
can better motivate and assist, 
without smothering or nannying, 
the myriad of local groups which 
alone can intimately link the 
needy and the helpers. The 
SDP*s is not that scheme. Yet 
once again, with the freedom 
given by the party’s distance 
from power, it has provided 
outlines for others - including 
government ministers - to chal- 
lenge and fill in. 


A new safeguard for environment 


m ,.{ 

? ... V • 

Underwater music? 

From Mr Peter Beasley, MEP for 
Bedfordshire South {European 
Democrat (Conservative)) 

Sir, As the Vienna New .Year 
Concert reminded us, not only, did 
Verdi write Aida to celebrate the 
opening of the Suez Canal some 126 
years ago but Johann Strauss was 
sufficiently enthused by it to write a 
very nice piece ibrit, too! • ■ 

Would it not be an appropriate 
gesture for fee winner of the 
Channel fixed-link . contract .to 
sponsor a competition for the 
opening of the Channel link, to be 
celebrated in a suitable artistic, 

This Channel fixed fink will be 
Me first vast new structural enter- 
prise Uniting memb er states to be 
undertaken since the formation of 
the European Community. It win 
furthermore be the most striking 
representation of the European 
Community. to tbe ordinary every- 
day European citizen. ; .I say Euro- 
pean because the Germans, the 
Dutch, the B elgian*, the Spanish and . 
citizens of all. member states will use 

it as much as the British and French. 

We may further hope that in 133 
years’ time the pSecdtof music and 

other cultural representations will 
recall to onr successors in as happy 
and vi vid a style the opportunities 
opened up by the.Channd fixed fink 
as did Johann Strauss's music m 
today’s concert remind us of the 
at benefits provided by the Suez 
■tal in the 19th century. 

Prosit Neujahr 1986! Vivat 

Yours faithfully, 


Hotel imPalais Schwaizenberg, 
Schwarzenbergplatz 9, 

A-1030 Vienna, 


January 1. ' 

Putting one’s buck np 

^ From Mr Garin Ewart 
Sir, Mr wife works in a primary 
school. She. reports that some of the 
female staff (not, usually, the 
teachers - although a few are not 
above saying “He was sat there”) are 
fond of. the expression, “He did it off 
irisownbai£*Y . „ 

Is this an uncommon feminist 
repudiation , of the game of cricket? I 
take it that thc phrase towards which 
they are feeling their way is “He did 
it off his own baC, meaning of his 

own accord and without help from 
-anybody else; as a batsman might 
himself score all the runs needed to 
win amatch. 

How widespread is this debased 
usage? Have any of your other 
readers encountered it? 

Yours, etc, 


57 Kenilworth Court, 

Lower Richmond Rood, SW 1 5. 
January 2. 

Sporting firsts 

From Mr I. Adlam-HiU 
Sir, In spite of the numerous 
references to sport found in the 
Bible (Sporting Diary, December 28 
and Mr Fritz Spiegl, January 6) 
Psalm 147, verse 10, “He hath no 
pleasure in tiie strength of an horse: 
neither defigbteth he in any man’s 
legs” (Oxford Psalter) makes it quite 
dear tiiat the Almighty’s taste in 
sport is not as catholic as one might 
have expected. 

Yours faithfully, 


18 Queen’s Avenue, . 


January 1. 

From the Vice-President of the Social 
Democratic Party 

Sir, Those of us who recall the 
frequent chang es made to the central 
organisation of government by Mr 
Harold Wilson and Mr Heath in the 
1960s and 1970s are waty of further 
change. It is too easy for a prime 
minister to alter the structure of 
existing Whitehall departments or 
invent new ones in order to avoid 
policy choices, to resolve personal 
differences between ministers or for 
cosmetic reasons. 

But the continuing clash you 
describe (leafing article, January 8) 
between Mr Michael Jopling and Mr 
William Waldegrave arises from an 
issue of substance. Mr Jopling is a 
Cabinet minister with appropriate 
responsibility, both within the 
Cabinet and to Parliament Mr 
Waldegrave is a junior member of 
Mr Baker’s team at the Department 
of the Environment, where in 
practice local government and 
housing are the dominant matters. 

But, as you say in your leading 
article, the environment has become 
a major issue of public concern, 
whether in relation to inner cities, 
the green belt or the protection of 
the countryside. To the question, 
“How much greenery can Britain 
afford?”, the answer is simply, 

In these dreum stances, there is 
everything to be said for the creation 
of a new Department of Environ- 
mental Protection, responsible for 
planning, conservation, pollution 
control, leisure and recreation and 
for promoting environmental policies 
throughout government This would 
ensure for the first time a secretary of 
stale in Cabinet with an effective voice 
for the environment and no other 
departme ntal distraction $. 

It is not for me to advise Mrs 
Thatcher to adopt such a course, but it 
would be one followed by the Alliance 
in government 
Yours faithfully, 



Social Democratic Party', 

48 Patsh ull Road, NW 5. 

January 8. 

From Mr Richard Crabtree 
Sir, In your editorial today you deal 
with the conflict between environ- 
mental and agricultural consider- 
ations, and conclude by declaiming 
that “it is the Government as a 
whole, holding the economic weal of 
the nation as its first goal, that will 
have to decide how much greenery 
Britain can afford”. 

I would have thought that if the 
soda! history of this country over 
the last century had taught us 

noth ing else it had amply demon- 
strated that material wealth, how- 
ever evenly distributed, is not an 
entirely satisfactory end in the 
pursuit of human contentment. 

In describing the economic weal 
of the nation as the Government’s 
first goal you perpetuate a falsity 
which is, I suspect, beco ming more 
and more apparent in a society 
which has acquired the habit of 
greeting what is given with cries for 

Might I correct your error by 
suggesting that the important ques- 
tion is not how much greenery 
Britain can afford, but how much 
more greenery we can afford to lose. 
Yours faithfully 

3 Temple Gardens, 

Temple, EC4. 

January 8. 

From Mr Richard Booth 
Sir. Your columns are frequently fall 
of academics complaining about 
cutbacks. Theoretically this would 
possibly lead to a revival of rural 
areas as their decline has often been 
ascribed to a brain drain. 

With a university degree there is 
virtually no suitable employment for 
a graduate in the kind of small 
Welsh border town I live in 
(population approx 2,000). With 
lower expectations they may become 
more usable members of the 
community rather than competing 
fruitlessly for highly paid positions 
in the bureaucracy of big govern- 
ment or big business. 

We do not in rural areas especially 
mind tbe brain drain (a good 
gardener is actually more value to us 
than a soil scientist), but we have a 
horror of the university graduate 
who comes back to help us - tourist 
boards, forestry commissions, 
national parks, development agen- 
cies, water boards. The tip for 
survival in a rural area (of which I 
have never heard a word of 
disagreement from a true country- 
man) is, never trust anybody who 
produces a brochure! 

How much further will the 
beautiful land of Britain be violated 
before we accept the elementary 
common sense that our quality of 
life depends on the manual workers? 
Uncleared ditches, gates off their 
hinges, hazardous barbed-wire fenc- 
es: what Wales needs is an army of 
the uneducated! 

Yours fajthfiiiJv. 

Richard Booth Hay Castle Limited, 
Tbe Castle, 



January 3. 

Westland’s future 

From Sir Fred Caiherwood, MEP for 
Cambridge and North Bedfordshire 
(. European Democrat (Conservative)) 
Sir, When I was managing director 
of an Anglo-American company 
some time ago, I asked for full access 
to the American parent company’s 
research. I was refused because “our 
business depends on our major 
American customers and our newest 
technology goes to them first to keep 
them ahead of their own compe- 

Several years later, as director 
general of “Neddy" (National 
Economic Development Office) I 
wanted, after the failure of our 
second application for EEC mem- 
bership, to explore the possibility of 
a north Atlantic free trade area. 

I was discouraged by two 
successive foreign secretaries on the 
grounds that . partnership within 
Europe was a partnership among 
equals, whereas in an American 
partnership we would be completely 
dominated by the Americans. 

Yours faithfiilly, 


Shire HalL 
Castle mil, 


January 8. 

From Lord Balfour oflnchrye 
Sir, Political bidding in millions will 
not answer one main question. How 
can the British Forces obtain the 
helicopter most suitable to their 

Is it from a hastily thrown 
together European consortium of 

parties who have not hitherto 
worked closely together on helicop- 
ter development and production? 

Is it from a consortium that has 
no central design and research staff? 

Is it from a consortium that has 
no central manufacturing plant? 

Is it from a consortium that has 
no agreed programme as to who will 
do what? 

Is it from a consortium that has 
no central administrative organis- 

The European proposed consor- 
tium must be compared in prospects 
with Sikorsky, which is the most 
important and biggest helicopter 
corporation in the world. At 
Hartford. Connecticut, they have a 
completely modern sel-up, from 
research through design, develop- 
ment and production, all of which 
will go into the pool to tbe benefit of 
the Westland-Sikorsky efforts. 

It is the Sikorsky products which 
British Airways, on their scheduled 
services and to the North Sea rigs, 
rely on. Relations between the 
companies have always been close m 
technical mailers, which inevitably 
will be to the benefit of both parties. 

Sikorsky must have future designs 
in mind and these could well answer 
the question I asked at the beginning 
of this letter. 

Yours faithfully. 

(Former Chairman. British 
European Airways Helicopters 

End House, 

1 5 St Mary Abbot's Place, 
Kensington, W8. 

January 8. 

Royal Imprint 

From Mr Stuart Rose 
Sir, Mr Hetherington’s preference 
(January 3) for “portraits” rather 
than silhouettes on UK postage 
stamps calls for some comment. 
Silhouettes of the Queen's portrait 
appear only on commemorative 
issues, mostly in monochrome, 
whereas the definitive issues carry a 
profile portrait in tone. 

The design concept of a UK 
definitive stamp has by tradition, 
since 1840. been emblematic, not 
pictorial. Therefore the up-dating of 
the Sovereign's effigy, which is the 
dominant visual element, would 
turn the design from being an 
emblem into a pictorial represen- 

Similarly, tbe profile or formal 
portrait is more appropriate as an 
emblem than is the more naturalistic 

proper portrait (the three-quarter 
front view). The comparison is 
evident in the two definitive issues 
of this reign, that which used the 
Dorothy Wilding photographic 
proper portrait in 19S3 and that 
which was based on Arnold 
Machin's sculptured bas-relief for- 
mal profile portrait, which is still in 

Mr Hetberington’s hankering 
after the emblematic design ap- 
proach. complete with typographical 
embellishment, applied to both 
definitive and commemorative 
issues, suggests that there is still 
public unease towards a realistically 
illustrative “cigarette card” solution. 
Yours faithfully, 


Walpole House, 

East Street. 

Coggtes h all , 


January 7. 

A case to concede 
on invalid care 

From Sir David Price, MP for 
Eastleigh (Conservative) 

Sir, In considering the merits of Mrs 
Jacqueline Drake's claim (report, 
January 9) that married women who 
give up work to care for a disabled 
relative should receive the invalid 
care allowance. I would remind you 
of the recommendation of the House 
of Commons Social Services Select 
Committee in our report on 
community care (February, 1985). 
In paragraph 1 46. we wrote: 
of equal concern is the exclusion of 
manied women who are the most 
frequent carers for the mentally disabled 
from eligibility for invalid care allow- 
ance. We recommend the extension of 
invalid care allowance to married women 
as soon as resources are available. 

Therefore, would il not be more 
fitting - and more gracious - for tbe 
Government to implement our 
recommendation now, rather than 
wait until they are compelled to do 
so by an adverse judgement in the 
European Court of Justice in 

Yours truly, 


House ofCommons. 

Drink and driving 

From Mr T. David 
Sir, Your readers are well accus- 
tomed lo tbe seasonal outburst of 
hysteria on the suject of drinking 
and driving. Reports in your issue of 
January 3 hint at even more 
Draconian regulations and I there- 
fore crave space to offer an 
alternative perspective. 

Older readers will recall the 
annual hysteria which used to 
surround road deaths at Bank 
holidays. Ministers of Transport and 
others in ibe media would pontifi- 
cate daily as the grim totals over 
Easter were reported. That particular 
hysteria went away overnight when 
it was realized that the Bank holiday 
figures were less than the normal 
daily average when commercial 
vehicles added to the carnage. Could 
it be that Christmas, too, sees fewer 
accidents than normal? 

We would do well to re-examine 
the uniquely vague drink-drive law 
as it stands. It remains the only law 
where 1. an occasional drinker, do 
not know when I have broken it. It 
is the only law which discriminates 
against those with a low body weight 
and therefore women. It is also one 
of the few laws allowing no effective 
defence in court and mandatory 
sentencing, which might explain its 
appeal to the police. 

We should provide penalties and 
deterrent sentences in the case of 
those guilty of recognizable traffic 
offences. Whether the cause is 
intemperance, impatience or incom- 
petence is not terribly relevant. 

Yours faithfully, 


53 Shaw Green Lane, 




From Major J. D. Summers 
Sir. I wonder if much thought has 
been given by Parliament or the 
police authorities on the drink and 
drive problem for single people who 
live in the countryside, often elderly 
people, widows and widowers, who 
have no one with whom to share the 
driving. There is no public transport 
and country taxi drives are hugely 
expensive, far beyond their means. 

An invitation to Christmas lunch 
or new year’s party has to be refused 
or not enjoyed. A modest glass of 
sherry and two glasses of wine puts 
them in dire peril of losing all means 
of transport for a year and perhaps 
the necessity to sell their house and 
move to a town or large village 
where there is a shop. 

These are not the drivers who kill 
or maim. 

Yours sincerely. 


Marsh Cottage, 

Old Romney. 

Romney Marsh. Kent. 

January 3. 

All contributions 

From Mr Roy Hay 
Sir, Authors are prone to grumble 
about their publishers and the sales 
of their books which had been 
penned with such high hopes. 

So it is most heartening to learn 
that the Public Lending Right 
authority is really zealously looking 
after authors' interests. Both my 
wife, Frances Perry, and I have 
received communications from the 
PLR office entitled “PLR notifi- 
cation of titles 'found”'. 

These are titles they have 
discovered and which we did not 
register because we thought they 
were probably too old. But it 
appears they are still being borrowed 
from libraries and for which, 
hopefully we shall receive some 
payments under the PLR scheme, 
which, however small, will be 
gratefully received. 

Yours sincerely, 


Bulls Cross Cottage, 

3 Bulls Cross, 

Enfield, Middlesex. 

January 2. 

Famine in Africa 

From the Director of Voluntary 
Service Overseas and others 
Sir, Tragically 1985 had to be a year 
of relief in Africa, but it is essential 
that the New. Year should bring tbe 
b eginning of the long process of 
recovery and reform. 

It would be sad if, after a year of 
supreme effort in the face of the sub- 
Saharan famine, the governments 
and peoples of the rich, industrial- 
ised countries turned away their 

Though it is true the immediate 
emergency has receded and the 
number at risk nearly halved, there 
are still many areas where emerg- 
ency food will have to be provided. 

Recovery from a disaster on this 
scale does not come quiddy. The 

drought removed from the people 
affected by it any control over their 
own lives and that control needs u> 
be restored. That means restocking 
herds, improving water supplies and 
tbe ability to maintain them, 
p lantin g and tending trees and many 
other tas ks. In the longer term die 
whole system which undermined the 
region's agricultural potential needs 

We feel sure that none of the 
people who contributed so gener- 
ously in 1985 win be under any 
illusion that the problems could be 
solved in one short year. If all that 
effort and generosity is going to 
b ring lasting change then tbe 
support from both government and 
non-government sources must be 

The media have already recog- 
nised that people are eager to hear 

reports of what progress is being 
made, and one must hope that they 
will keep that interest alive. Famine 
is not a sudden disaster. It can be 
foreseen and prevented. So let 1986 
be the first year of a determined 
effort to eradicate famine through 
our support for the greater self-re- 
liance of I985*s famine victims. 
Yours faithfully, 

NEIL MdNTOSH, Director, 
Voluntary Service Overseas, 


Director, CAFOD, 


Director Christian AidL 
BOB GELDOF, Bandaid, 


Director. OXEAM. 


Director, Save the Children, 
c/o Voluntary Sevice Overseas. 

9 Belgrave Square, Swl 
January 6. 

JANUARY 10 1785 

Ballooning began on June 15 1783 
with the ascent at Annoney, near 
Lyons of a bag filled with smoke from a 
straw fire - the contrivance of the 
Montgolfier brothers. On November 21 
the first manned free flight ascent in a 
balloon was made by Polatre de Razier 
and the Marquis d’ A dander. Although 
The Times failed to record the first 
cross Channel flight by Blanchard and 
Jeffries on January 7 1785 thereafter 
countless ascents and activities were 
reported in the paper in its foundation 

Extract of a Letter from Birmingham 
Jan 6 

'On Tuesday morning last, though it 
rained incessantly ana was remarkably 
hazy and foggy, the most numerous 
assemblage of people of every 
denomination that ever was known 
appeared in this town to see Mr. 
Harper ascend with his balloon The 
crowd for tbe Tennis Court was by far 
too great and numbers of very 
respectable personages embraced 

situations that on any other occasion 
would have been rejected About eleven 
9 'clock the bell rung as an intimation 
that the balloon was filling which was 
completed by twelve. Twenty minutes 
after twelve the modest adventurer 
took bis seat in a very increasing rain 
amidst the eratulations of the admiring 
spectators Near a quarter of on hour 
was employed in making a proper 
equipoise and in taking leave of some 
particular friends; ween the silken 
cords that kept the machine from 
rising were loosened by the (air bands 
of two ladies who seemed to do that 
duty with apparent reluctance and the 
whole apparatus rose with the greatest 
Jesty gratifying tbe most unbounded 
>bes by the sublimity of the 
spectacle An immense number of the 
populace being m an adjacent field, our 
aerial traveller lowered himself 
amongst them, as if to take a friendly 
farewell; and having heaved out some 
ballast, he re-ascended with resplen- 
dent dignity whilst the sky re-echoed 
the plaudits of the admiring multitude 
distancing the view of every human 
otpert in two minutes For the first six 
minutes the rain increased to an 
uncommon degree; but in four minutes 
more be shot above every cloud and 
enjoyed the vivifying influence of the 
most radiant sun and pure ether-mak- 
ing such observations as were dictated 
by the scientific There however, the 
compass was continually varying as the 
currents of air changed 
“The barometer at tbe time of his 
ascent stood at twentv-eight inches 
and three -eights, which indicated a 
degree of rarity of the atmosphere not 
frequently known, which, together 
with the' large quantity of water that 
i accumulated upon the balloon and 
its surrounding net, very considerably 
diminished the power of tbe ascent of 
the machine. The cold was by no 
means so intense as might naturally 
have been expected as the ther- 
mometer at no time was lower than 
twenty-eight degrees on Fahrenheit’s 
scale; at bis ascent it stood at forty. He 
gradually ascended for the space of 
thirty-minutes, at which time he was 
elevated four thousand three hundred 
feet above the earth. 

“In the progress of this aerial 
excursion. Mr. Harper experienced no 
other inconvenience than what might 
be expected in the change of climate, 
wet and sunshine, except a temporary 

‘About two o’clock, he descended at 
Milstone Green, near Newcastle, in 
Staffordshire, near fifty miles from 
this town. He arrived at Litchfield the 
same evening, post, with his balloon 
and car. the latter of which, with some 
of his instruments, we learn with great 
concern were unfortunately injured in 
anchoring at Milstone Green, notwith- 
standing, the kind assistance of many 
people at that place; and yesterday he 
arrived and received the unbounded 
plaudits of tbe inhabitants, the 
populace having taken the horses from 
his carriage, a™ drew him in triumph 
rough the principal streets. 

“At Trentham, Mr. Harper indulged 
himself with a view of Lord Gower’s; 
and seeing a person at some distance 
hailed him with his speaking trumpet, 
to know how far he was from 
Birmingham? He was answered 
“About 40 miles. Master, but you are 
going the wrong way". 

Born to blush unseen 

From the Reverend Canon Michael 

Sir, “But did anyone know a 
Kerenhappuch?” asks the Rev John 
Ticchurst (January 3). 

Why. yes. In Canterbury. 40 years 
ago, where Dr Hewlett Johnson (the 
"Red Dean"), following the example 
of Job and delighted with the birth 
of two daughters in his old age, 
called them Keziah and Keren- 
happuch (Job xlii, y. 14: in modem 
translations “Cassia" and “Mas- 

Unfortunately it was not easy for 
us boys to get to know them socially. 
Although the dean was chairman of 
governors, he had erected on his 
house a very large notice proclaim- 
ing "Christians ban nuclear wea- 
pons", and the Deanery was placed 
out of bounds sine die. 

Yours faithfully. 


The University Church, 


From Mrs Kate Wedd 

Sir, My husband regrets the 

omission from Mr Ticehurst’s list of 

Victorian girls' names (January 3) 

the charming neo-classical name 

borne by all his mother’s sisters - 


Yours faithfully, 


15 Elm dale Road, 

Bristol, Avon. 

From Rabbi Jonathan A. Romain 
Sir. As minister to a community that 
contains an Alexis, Hope and Yetta, 
and having recently rushed to tdl 
the one Hiram that another of the 
same name had just moved into the 
area, may I point out that not all of 
John Ticehurst’s list of names 
(January 3) have disappeared from 

Yours faithfully, 

Maidenhead Synagogue, 

9 Boyn Hill Avenue, 








January 9: The Queen was 
represented by the Very Reverend 
Professor Robert Barbour (Dean of 

the Chapel Royal in Scotland) at the 
he Very Reverend Hugh 

Funeral of the 

Douglas (formerly Dean ’ of the 
Chapel Ro>aJ in Scotland) which 
was held in Hope Park Parish 
hurcfu St .Andrews, Fife this 

January ft The 

— * .— Princess Margaret. 

Coumess-o.F SnofcdotLwas present 
this evening at the premiere of the 
film. Chartis Line, which was held 
at the Odeon Cinema, Leicester 
Square, in aid of the Combined 
Theatrical Charities, of which Her 
Royal Highness is Patron, and the 
Variety Club of Great Britain. 

The Countess Alexander of Tunis 
was in attendance. 

Lord and Lady Ennals have arrived 
in Karachi and are staring as guests 
of Mr Ahmed E. H. JafTer. at J after 
House. Sir E H. JafTer Road. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

Mr John Macrae, Ambassador to 
Senegal, to be additionally Am- 
bassador (non-resident) to Guinea, 
in succession to Mr P. L. O’Keeffe. 

Air Vice-Marshal Robin Lees, to be 
chief executive of the British Hotels 
Restaurants and Caterers Associ- 

Mr John Michael Smethnrst 
Librarian at Aberdeen' University, 
to be Director General for 
Humanities and Social Sciences at 
the British Library. He succeeds Mr 
Alexander Wilson, who 'retires in 

Mr Frank Dobson, MP, a governor 
of the London School of Economics 
and Political Science. 

The Queen to 
visit Kentucky 

The Queen is to make a private visit 
to the United Slates from May 22 to 
26 to see stud farms in Kentucky. 


Miss F Cham beriayne- Macdonald 
The funeral of Miss Frances 
Chamberiaync-Macdonald took 
place ai St Matthew’s Church, 
Otterbourac. near Winchester on 
Saturday, December 14. 1985. The 
Rev Basil Slader officiated, assisted 
by the Rev James Tarr and the Rev 
F. J. Bianchi, who gave an address. 

Those present were: 

Own. Mr count. MBs MacK crate iiemar 
tutor. H Illinois on Hospital. also npnaentlng 
Hillingdon Health Authority). 

Mrs O Gibbs. Motor Oooase. Mr T 
Howarth. Mr and Mo Q Hazzaitt. Captain 
and Mn Hudson. Mr and Mrs J Hewitt. Mrs 
C Humphrey Utso mmaxiitng Hurtlay 
HambiMon Hunt). Mr TC Kowktns. Mn J 
HU. Mr and Mn T Horn. Mr F Korn. Mrs 
HowartK. Miss P Howartfa. Miss P HOI. Mr 
ood Mrs Michael Hearn. John and Malcolm 
Hearn. Mr and Mn R Hudson. Miss 8 
HocUey. Mr p Joyce. Mr and Mrs R 
Kltchlng. Bruce 

a. Mrs J Kirby (also 

representing Ottarbourne Parish CountfQ. 

Mator and Mrs Njgel Qumbrrlaynn- Macdo- 

nald i parents). Mr Alexander Chambcr- 
laynp Macdonald and Tom ChambcrUyne- 
Macdonald IbroUicrsI, Viscount and 
Mscounins Camock tbromer-ln-tm and 
sister). Mrs Tankcrville-Charnt»niayae 

Mr A Kennedy (also repr es enting Watson 

and Kennedy). Mr R Kershaw, the Hon Mis 

C Kitchener. Mrs J Leavett-SMnkw. Malar 
O Lambert. Mr and Mn R Lana. Misa O 


Mr ana Mrs L May. Major and Mrs A 
Maiheson. Mr and Mn S Maheny. Mr and 
Mrs J Durham. Durham Matthews, Lucy 
Durham Matthews. Mbs D Martin. Mr and 
Mrs Maynard. Miss P MocKenzto. Mbs P 
Miles. Mr N Maitland BUtoion. Mias 
MacLean. M-rior -General and Mrs G Mills. 
Lad}- Jean Mackenzie. Mr R Mack mule. Mr 

and Mrs J Mobbs 

MT . ana tne Hon Mn Peter Young. 
Commander and Mrs Gerald Buxton. Lady 
CuhJtt. Mt* Victoria Gubin. Mrs D Sam. 
Mr J Lodge. Mbs a Lodge. Lady EUzabeth 

Lord Naples- Ettrtck. Sir John Miner 

and Mrs J Mabbs (represonilng Ott er b uui ne 

village HaU Committee end Wl. Mr and Mrs 
E B Martin. MV K Medley. 

Colonel and Mrs D Nicholson. Mr and 

Mrs j Newton. Lord and Lady Northbrook, 
i P Pordoe. Mrs F Petty. Mbs J Parsons. 

(representing British Driving Society). Mr~E 

he Coaching dub). 

Martin, (representing the 

SlrJaclt and Lady Lyon*. Mr Jonathon 
Lyons, Mr and Mn Papanicolaou. The 
RHJtl Rey John Cavell. Mr and Mrs D 
Abbott. Mrs G Abbott. Mr K Alien. Mr S 
Andrewa, Mr. and Mrs J Addis. Mr D 
BagneU. Mrs W BagnetL Mrs Barnen-Stuart. 

M»o A BUss. Mrs V Bellamy. Mr P 

Wptowe. Mr M BafiUe. Mrs E Biackenbury. 
Mr end Mrs Bowyer. Mr H Bruce. Mrs A 

Brace. Mr J Barrington. Mrs BlanchL Mn 
a Mary Benyon. Mr R Barnes. 

Betty on. mbs 

Mm C Bwn. Mr and Mrs w Budd. Carl and 

Mrs. ... 

Mr and Mrs J Palmer, the Hon M 
Pakennam. Mr Q Packer (St Denys Church 
and CMlwonh Church Councfll. the Rev C 
Payne (Vicar of MllfenO. Sir John and Lady 
Polly. Mrs M Riven -Carnac. Mr C Rtngrose- 
voase. Major o Robertson. 

The Countess at Rothes, the Hon 
Alexander Leslie. Miss R Pudge. MrsJ 
Rawson Smith (also representing Horsley 
Hamlcdon HunlL Mr K Slayton. Mr Ft 
SwinertL Mr o Steal. toe Rev J and Mrs 
SeaTord. Mr P Scott. Mr J SBrurun. Mr and 
Mrs Sykes. Mn Slader. cotonct and Mrs A 
Seymour. Mr G Salter. Miss S Strange. Miss 
D Taylor. Mrs Talbot Miss S Talbot MT F 
TalboL Mrs M Tot. Mr R TrustramCve, 

Theresa Budd. Mrs 1 Clark. Lady Caiman. 
_ " ' ' iXcorbrtL Mr 

Mrs C Combe. Mr and Mrs 

and Mrs y Corbett. Mr A Comtek (North 
Bddestey Parochial Church Council). Mr D 
Cole. Mrs □ Collins. 

-village han 

Mn N Dean 'secretary, 
committee). Mrs G Davies scourflew. Mr 
Mauoe-Roxby-Montalto di FTrtnilo. Mrs O 
Edmunds. Mrs F Edwards. Mrs T Faber. Mr 
and Mn E Fitzgerald. Mr and Mn J 
Frampton. Miss FTampton. Mrs H Faulkner. 
Commander and Mrs J Findlay. Mrs P 
Bruce-Gardsme. Mr and MrsJ Falrey. Mr G 
Flrhjnk. Dr and Mrs J Forbes. Mr and Mrs 
O CradUge. Mr and Mrs R Gold. Mbs J 
Grtfiun. Mrs C Crag. Mr G Greta. Mr W 

and Mrs D nanan. Mrs M Upton. Colonel 
and Mrs Doth. AnneU Doth. 

Mbs K yerdon-Roe. Mr and Mrs S C 

wanrhoia... . 

and representatives of .... 

Group. ISUi Chandler's Ford Scout 

vernon-Koe. Mr and Mrs S C 
Captain, and Mn Woods. Lady 
sc. Mrs R Young. Mr P Zetoier. 
■entaUvesof 13th Chandler's Ford 

owna uii i village of Otterbooroe Church 
i Cowes. 

and Parish 

Piper J. Fraser, Scots Guards, 
played a lament ai the end of tbe 



and Miss D.Giadnrdi 
The marriage took place 
Thursday. January 2, 1986, « 
Brentwood between Mr Chris 
Ramsay, son of Mr and Mrs S. G. 
. Ramsay, of Old Hunstanton, 
Norfolk, and Miss Diana G ’admfi, 
daughter of Mr and Mis C G. 
Giachardi, of BOIcricay, Essex. 

Mr E. McClean 
and Miss N. Came 
The marriage look place on 
December 2!. at the Parish Qnuch. 
Cbalfbnt St Giles, of Mr Eric 
McOcan and Miss Nicola Came. 
The Rev Denham Bayty Jones 

The bride was given in 
by her stepfather. Captain 
Morison. RN. and attended by her 
half-sister. Miss Candida Morison. 
Mr James McDanell was the best 

A reception was held ai the home 
of the bride. 

Mr M- Lutyens 
and Mbs S. Cameron 
The marriage took place on New 
Year's Day at St James's Church. 
Avebury, between Mr Malic Lutyens 
and Miss Sarah Cameron. The Rev 
Graham Force-Jones officiated. 

The bride, who as given in 
marriage by her father, was attended 
by Beatrice Ross- Lowe, Joanne 
Stanners and Robert Marsh. Mr Ben 
Lutyens was best man. 

A reception was held at the home 
of the bride. 

MrG. H. Grazebrook 
and Mrs B. Shaw 

The marriage took place on 
December 21 at Woking of Mr 
George H. Grazebrook and Mrs 
Beate Shaw. 

The Earl of Snowdon congratulating Mr Stephen Bradshaw, the disabled director of the 

Spinal Injuries Association, and Susan Garner-Jones, of Southport, Merseyside, after 
nrewntine them with Snowdon awards for outstanding work for the disabled. The sc! 

presenting them with Snowdon awards for outstanding work for the disabled. The scheme 
is run by Action Research for the Crippled Child (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Two honoured for 

catching gunmen 

VVoodhouse Grove 

Term begins today with 530 pupils 
in school. The sevice for Passiontidc 
will be held on March 23 and term 
ends on March 25. 

Ratcliffe College 

Spring Term at Ratdiffe College, 
Leicester, begins on January 13. 
Confirmation by the Right Rev 
James McGuinness in on March 1 5. 
An open day for new girl pupils will 
be held on March 17. Term ends on 
March 21. 

The Queen's a wauls for civil 
gallantry announced today in the 
London Gazette include two 
civilians who chased and over- 
powered gunmen after a building 
society robbery in October 1984. 

Mr George Davey, of Hatfield, 
Hertfordshire, and Mr Terry 
Tompkins, a RAC patrol officer 
were awarded the Queen's Gallantry 
Medal for “outstanding determi- 
nation and public spirit when feeing 
armed and dangerous men". 

Three policemen were awarded 
the Queen's Gallantry Medal for 
overpowering and arresting two 
gunmen who had taken other police 
and civilians hostage on March 1 1. 
1 984. they are PC Robert Elliott and 
Sgt Timothy Phillips, both from the 
Sussex force, and PC George 
Summers from Hampshire police, 
PC Liam Codling and Mr Robin 
Rager, formerly a Sussex PC were 
awarded the Queen's Commen- 

dation for Brave Conduct for their 
pan. in the incident. 

Det Chief hasp John Turner, of 
Cleveland ■ police, was awarded the 
Queen's Gallantly Medal and DC 
Douglas 1 ’Anson, a commendation 
for brave conduct, for bravery and 
devotion to doty when the feced an 
armed youth on July 3, 1984. 

In5p Tobias Adamson, of the Hong 
Kong police, has been awarded tbe 
Queen's Gallantry MedaL He risked 
his life to rescue a man trapped in a 
sinking ship in September 1984. 



ComnwndaOon for tm 

M G Beverley. constable. Grampian goBca: 

LondOR?<3*Lcatfi. Kcurtty officer. Onslow 

&£/ I^bSSSSS: 

section manager John 


Ho ia a mwL constable. M i itimiuMWi ponce 

AjSj ;«ros>oumn potior. 

R Jonas, constable. Matrapoman , 

C a KnlWit inspector. Ou nce 
Lana. caaeMbta. Surrey 

nytor. labourer. Newark. 

M PrhkS*. UMoa OM . 

Sowdan. (Medtvo 


Appointments in the 

Roral Air Force 

ADt VK&MAI&HAL: Air Vlco-Mkrehal M 
J Piudngton. Director GoBorel Tratotog 

SSiP^^TAINS: v B HowoOi to RAF 

Bishop retires 

The Bishop of Oxford, the Right 
Rev Patrick Rodger, aged 65, is to 
retire on July 31, it was announced 
yesterday. He has been at Oxford 
since 1978 and was Bishop of| 
Manchester from 1 970-78. 

The Army 

RAOC. to b« GDI comdl RAOC to aucMMMn 
to MoFCoa J Brown. Jan 1. 

Hannon. Jan 2 R H Troutfitooto RAF 
i fi: P J KCMelor to MOD. Jan 

BRIGADIER: P W Byrnes to be umfli UUD 
BtcoHor. Jan 3. 

CranweD. JanHHMHMIlIB 

2TH wwmatflira to HO RAF SUinorT 
Oammontf. Jan 7; N J H Hodnstt toRAF 

T C DwgrtW. Duamaica, AFC Huniarj 

COLONELS: R D Ramsey Id bo RegQ Pmr A 
CO RPQ Brighton. toiS: AOJWntoSwr 
College. Jan 4c M C Science to LSP Saudi 
ajWjl jmS. 

R p Llghtfooi. R o Pews, all to . 
iga of Defence Studies. Jan 7: 


to MOD. Jah I: blit CoUta Gets, la 

Science report 

Synthetic lubricant to ease arthritis 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A remarkable report of mediarire- 
searvh from the Sonet Union 
describes bow lubrication can be 
restored to joints crippled by 

The procedure involves implant- 
ing a tiny syringe for incecting a 
synthetic lubricant into the joint 
space until normal secretions 

Moreover, the treatment can be 
applied to natural or artificial 
joints. The method was developed 
initially for lubricating joints that 
had been replaced by manufac- 
tured ones. 

Details of tbe treatment are 
outlined in tbe fortnightly bulletin. 
Advances of Science and Tech- 
nology, published by Novostl 
Press. The treatment was devised 
fay a team working with Dr V. 
VasQenkaitis at the Institute of 
Experimental and Clinical Medi- 
cine of Lithuania. 

Natural lubrication of a bealthr 

joint by Synovial fluid is a unique 
mechanism. The fluid is made up 
of a liquid containing a very large 
molecule known as hyaluronic 

. When a joint is compressed in 
walking or lifting, the molecules 
link together to form a resfflent 
rubber-like partition between the 
two bones. The watery part of this 
synovial fluid is absorbed tempor- 
arily- in the sponge-like cartilage 
which covers the bones. 

When arthritic joints become 
inflamed or the cartilage eroded, 
synovial fluid dries up and the 
joint deteriorates further. 

The preparation used by the 
Soviet scientists consists of a 
molecule, used for other medical 
purposes, called polyvinylpyrroli- 
done. with a molecular mass of 
30,000 to 40.000 m a IS per cent 
water solution. 

According to the report, it takes 
five or six injections of this 

solution administered once a week 
into an affected joint to restore 
natml lubrication. The treatment 
is repeated once or twice a year. 

The restoration of - natural 
synovial fluid is the principal merit 
of the treatment, which has been 
tested on more don 500 people. 

The automatic lubrication is 
regulated from outside the body by 
means of an electromagnetic field 
which controls injection into the 
joint. When the device is nsed in 
the replacement of a diseased joint 
with an artificial one, the tiny 
container holding tbe synthetic 
fluid is baSt into the new 

A piston forces lubricant into 
the joint when an ordinary magnet 
is mved along the limb. Refilling is 
done by puncturing the slrin with 
another .syringe, guided under X- 
ray or ultrasonic control. 

Source: Advances of Science and 
Technology, No 1, 1986. 

be CO 2'Coidm Gda. Dec 31: R J Heywood. 
Cdfib caTto MOd/Si 2 : P kWHn 
RMP. to PCS. Jan Si J WoQtfwanl. RTR to 
JSOC. Jan fr.JP Uscty- SC. to be OO 1 
SC. Jan 2- 


AtBlnsto MOD. J on g, _ 

Gueralott. Mn 6: B Todd to RAF Craowao. 
Jon 6: A J V0m to RAF' Valley. Jan 6: D A 
Kendrick, to Rtf Wear Raynbam. Jon & C 
T Harrow to Rtf lantoet. Jan & B M 
cutnra to MOD. Jan C: P j Perry to MOD. 
Jan 0; C MacMMay to BD6 WatfUnfiton. 

i to MOD. Jon te SMcC 

Taylor to HQ Shape. Jo a s: P C Btngftaia to 
MOD. Jan lO ML r - 

Feenan to MOD. Jan Z; 

A T Stephana to MOD. Jon 2: J F TtMxnoe to 

Brio H C Plummer. late HE. Dee 30: Col PA 
MUdieU.Wte DWR. Jan 1. 

RAF Uxfcridge. Jan 4.P A wiudhe to RAF 
C SUebottold to RAF 

CranwHL Jan & T 
Lcuchara, Jan 6. 


Blacksmiths* Company 
The Prime Warden of the Black- 
smiths* Company. Wing Com- 
mander V. S. W. Smyth, presided at 
a luncheon at Innholders HaU 
yesterday for members of the court 
and their guests. The Renter 
Warden, Mr P. N. G. Rawer, the 
Third Warden. Mr A. W. Penning- 
ton. and the Fourth Warden Mr F. 
A. Jackman, were also present- 
Lord Auckland was invested as 
an honorary fireman and liveryman 
and an honorary assistant to the 
court. Other guests included the 
Master of the Cutlers' Company and 
Lady Mais. 

Butchers' Company 
Mr David L. Franks, Master of the 
Butchers* Company, presided ax a 
luncheon held ar Butchers' Hall 
yesterday. Mr George A. Nyc, 
president of the National Feder- 
ation of Meat Traders, and Mr Oriel 
Jones, president of the Federation of 
Fresh Meat Wholesalers, also spoke. 


Lord Mayor 

The Lord Mayor entertained at a 
Dinner at the Mansion House 
yesterday evening Members of the 
Court of Common Council, the 
Chairman of the GLC, the Lord 
Mayor of Westminster, mayors of 
the Greater London boroughs. 
Aldermen, Sheriffs, High Officers of 
the Corporation of London and the 
ward clerks of the City of London. 
Tbe speakers were the Lord Mayor, 
the Chairman of the GLC, the Lord 
Mayor of Westminster and the 
Chief Commoner. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Walter Bodmer. 50; Air 
Commodore Sir Vemon Brown, 97; 
Mr Justin Evans. 83; Sir Arthur 
Gold, 69; Mr Sidney Griller. 75; Mr 
Derek HammomS-Stroud, 57; Mr T. 
E. Hutton, 65; Sir Robert MarahaB. 
66; Mr Roy Moore. 78; Mr Anton 
Rodgers. 53; Mr Rod Stewart, 41. 

Berkhamsted School 

Term begins today. Mr John Mint© 
joins tbe history department and 
Miss Carol Vines the art depart- 
ment. Mr C NichoDs succeeds Mr 
H. E. G. Courtney as housemaster 
of St George’s. M. B. Tutty 
continues as head boy. Games 
captains are: R. C Parsons (cron 
country), S. R. -Wing (fives), and A. 
D. C Tabor (hockey). The appeal, 
which last tern, raised £247,000, 
continues. The children’s writer, 
Gillian Avery, win address die 
“Ellis Group” FngfUh meeting in 
the old school on Tuesday, February 
4 on “From Puritan -to Peter Pan - 
Changing Images of Childhood”. 
Field day is on Wednesday March 
12, and the OBA games day on 
Saturday, March 15. Term ends on 
Monday. March 24.. and the. OBA 
dinner is on Friday, April 1 8. 

St Aodries School 

Spring Term began on January 8. 
Half term begins on February 6 and 
ends on February 11. The confir- 
mation service, which will be taken 
it Rev A. K. Hamilton, 

by the Right Rev A. K. Hamiitx 
will be had in Wells Cathedral 
March 7 at 

3pm and will 

followed by an exeaL There will be a 

concert of sacred music at 4.00pm 
on March 25 and term ends on 
March 26. 

St Frauds 9 College 

Spring Term started on January 8 
and ends on Wednesday, March 26, 
1986. Mrs A. Redwood and Miss S. 
Roberts take op their posts of bead 
of art . and head of physical 
education respectively. 

The head girl is Helen Pink and 
the chairman of the boarders’ 
council is. Anne Moffian. There will - 
be a musical production, Alice by 
James Leisy. in the St Francis* 
Theatre on Friday. March 14, and 
Saturday, Match 15. 

St Michael's School, 

The school will be celebrating the 
centenary of the building of the new 
school and the translation from 
Highbury in i886 during the 
summer term, and afl Old MicfuK- 
lians. former staff, past directors 
and governors, and parents of past 
and present pupils are asked to note 
the dates of the major events: 
Founder's Day, Saturday. June 7. 
when there will be a luncheon, a 
service of thanksgiving and rededi- 
caiion. a tea and get-together; the 
centenary bail, after the sports on 
Friday. July 1 1; and the centenary 
Prize giving and speech day, on 
Saturday. July 12. when the guest of 
honour will be the Right Rev Denis 
Wakeling. Those requiring’ full 
details are asked to write to the 

Sir John White, Bt, 
and Miss S. E. Grenfell 
The engagement is announced 
between Sir John Woolmer White, 
son of the late Sir Headley White 
and of Lady White, of Salle, 
Norfolk, and Sarah Elirabeth, 
daughter of Mr and Mrq ^iorpran 
Grenfell, of Claugh ton-on-8itock. 
North Lancashire. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Captain N. T. Campbell 
a ad Mrs S. D. Maraden 
The engagement is announced 
between Niall Campbell, The Royal 
Highland Fusiliers, son of Mr and 
Mrs T. Campbell, of Bridge of Caily, 
Perthshire, and Susan, eldest 
daughter, of Mr D. .Mitchell and the 
laic Mis D. Mitchell, of Chelmsford, 

Mr J. D. Deane 
and Miss K. E. Humphries 
Th engagement is announced 
between David, son of Major (retd) 
and Mrs J. Deane, of Christchurch, 
and Karen, daughter of Mr and Mjs 
N. H. Humphries, of Seaton. 

Mr S.W. Baker , 

and Miss A. C. M. Frederick ! ' 

The engagement j is announced 
between Scott Webster, son of Mr 
John Edward Bsfker, of Weston, 
Massachusetts, and the late Mrs 
Mary Frances Baker, and Alexandra 
Charlotte Moore, elder daughter of 
the Rev Dr J. B. M. and Mis 
Frederick, of Blechingley, Surrey-. 

Mr A. F-JChristopbcrs 
and Miss H. Jeffreys 
The engagement, is announced 
between Andrew, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs T. E. Christophers, of 
Knowle. Warwickshire, and Helen, 
youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs R. 
w. Jeffreys, of Cramlington, 

Mr R. A. Dodds 
and Miss N. Price 

Tbe engagement is announced 
between Robert, elder son of Mr L 
C. Dodds and the late Mrs M. J. 
Dodds, of Newcastle upon Tyne, 
and Nicola, younger daughter of Dr 
J. S. Price, of East Cafitington, 
Sussex, and Mrs C. E M. Price, of 

Mr C. C. Farrar 
and Miss LE.L Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Farrar, of Stanton on tbe 
Wolds, Nottinghamshire and 
Karen, daughter of the late Mr W. L 
Brown and of Mrs D. J. Brown, of 
Gediing, Nottingham. 

Mr. J. M. Flatters 
and Mbs B. Horan 
The engagement is announced 
between John Michael, elder son of 
Mr and Mis Keith Flatters, of 
Lichfield, Staffordshire, and Berna- 
dette, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Denis Horn, of Hadfrcld, Derby- 

Mr R.D. London 
and Dr A. E. GebUe 
Tbe cnjOgemcDt is announced 
between Richard Donald, son of Dr 
and Mrs John D. O. Loudon, of 
Edinburgh and Alisa Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Henry H. 
Gebbie, of Edinburgh- 
Mr L P. McGnffie 
and Mr S. G. G. Fowler 
The engage men t is announced 
between tala, only son of Mr and 
Mrs P. A. _McGuf5e. of Great 
Malvern, Worcestershire, and 
Susan, only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J. G. Fowler, of Acton Beauchamp, 

Mr R. C Stnrthere-Palmer 
and Miss A. C. Knott 
Tbe en g ag em e n t is announced 
between Rich ard Charles, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs Robert Stnnhars- 
Palmer, of Ely, Camb rid ges h ire, and 
Alice Clare, daughter of Dr 
EUzabeth M. Lacy, of Bexbijl-on- 
Sea, East Sussex. - - 

Mr E. A. Best , 

and MfesS-E. Jenkins 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward Ashley, son of Dr 
and Mrs Best, of Poulton-le-Fylde. 
and Sian Elizabeth, daughter of 
Canon and Mrs D. T. L Jenkins, of 

Mr I. R. P. Cooper 
and Miss P. N. M. EggletoB 
The engagement is announced 
between Iain, son of Mrs M. 
Dorothy Cooper, of Sevenoaks, 
Kent, and the late Mr Alan Cooper, 
and Tricia. daughter of Major and 
Mrs John Eggleton, of The Algarve, 

Mr R. O. Dorey 
and Miss R. J. Wood 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Rupert Oncsimus, eldest 
son of the late Mr Peter L. Dorey 
and of Mrs Katharine D. Thomp- 
son, of Langley House, CasteL 
Guernsey and Rosemary Je nnife r, 
youngest daughter of Major and 
Mrs A. G. (Peter) Wood, of Herm 
Island, Channel Islands. 

Mr A. P. Foster 
and Dr C. E. G. McKbmel 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son of Dr 
and Mis P. W. Foster, of Tiverton, 
Devon, and Charlotte, only daugh- 
ter of Mrs H. E G. McKtnneJ of 
Bradninch, Devon, and of the late 
Mr H. R. McKinneL 

Mr K. Martens 
and Miss S. M. GQtes 
The engagement is announced 
between Kent, younger son of Judge 
and Mrs R. Marinis, of Cleveland 
Ohio, United States, and Susan, 
elder daughter of Professor and Mrs 
D. C. Gilles, of Glasgow. 

MrR. M. E- Th om p son 

and Miss C.M.S. Campbell \ 

The engagement is announced 
between Robin Marie 
younger son of Mr and Mrs H. W. E 
Thompson, of - Kenxuocbam, 
Cheshire,- and Christine Mary Scott. 

younger daughter of Dr and' Mrs S. 
Campbell, ofD 

: Longtan Green, Kent. 

Mr J. P- Campbell 
and Miss C. E. JL Adam 
The engagement is announced 
between Johnny, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Alastair Campbell, of 
1 overawe Bara, Taynuilt, Argyll, 
and Caroline, second daughter of 
the late Mr G. Wallace Adam and of 
Mrs Adam, of Carron Lodge, St 
Andrews. Fife. 

Mr L Davenport 
and Miss' K. Bales 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. younger son of Mrs A, 
Davenport, of Oxfordshire and Mr 
M. Davenport, of Montreal, 
Canada, and Katherine (Kate), only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. H. Bates, 
of Curzon Park, Chester. 

and Miss B. A. K. Regers 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, younger son of Mrs 
Durgan and the late Mr D. G. 
Durgan, of Havant, Hampshire and 
Bridget elder daughter of Mr D. 
Rogers and Mrs H. Couilas. of 
Norwich, Norfolk. 


rugs and runners... 

and others from the more important weaving centres of the East. Included aremany 
antiques, sills, kelims, nomadlcs and other unusual items, not generally to be found on 

the home maricet 

City Merchant Bankers have suspended export and home maricet transactions of 
Persian Carpet Trading Co. Ltd. (Established 1954). They have instructed 1 he _ _ 
auctioneers to realise at hammer prices the entire stocks in bonded warehouses, Tnts is 

a move prior to foreclosure. 

Every item guaranteed authentic. Expert advice available at time of viewing. 

To be transferred from bonded warehouses and offered at 

SUNDAY 12th JANUARY at aoOpm, Viewing from noon same day. 

Payment: cash, cheque or aO major cretSt cards. 

Auctioneer: A WelFesJey Briscoe & Partners Ud., l44fl46New Bond Street London Wl. 

Mr P.G. Garin 
and Mbs C. Satmders 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of the late Mr G. 
A. Gavin and Mrs M.RW. Gall, of 
Code House, Hayes Wood. Kent, 
and Christina, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Peter Saunders, of Easton Grey 
House, Malmesbury, Wiltshire: 

Mr C. J. Giles 
and Miss H. Pfettereen 
The engagement is announced 
be twee n Christopher, son of Mr and 
Mrs W. J. Giles, of Horsham, West 
Sussex, and Hege, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs W. J. Petter sen , of Fet, 

MrM. J.Nkol 
and Miss L. J. KeppeJ-Paficer 
The engagement is announced 
between Matthew, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Peter NicoL of Wickford 
Essex, and Lucy. Elder daughter of 
Mr James Keppd-Palmer, of 
Richmond and Geneva, and Mrs 
Sam Field, of Badtesmere Lees, 
Kent. . 

Mr P.Nnttafl 
and Mlle.F. Botand 
The engagement is announced 
between Paid, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs R. Nntntll, of Morecambe. 
Lancashire, and Francocte, elder 
daughter of ML ’ and Mme C. 
Renaud, of Charleroi, Belgium- 

. Mr D. J.Hunas 
and Miss L. H-E. Altmans 
The engagement is announced 
between David Joseph, _youBgest 
son of Mr and Mrs Eric Tn tims, of 
Wefiswood. Rezare, Cornwall, and 
Louise Helen Emma, eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs David Altmann, 
of The Old House, Bampton, 

Mr N. A. O. Waddell 
and Mbs & Ik Pbyne . 

The . e ngagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Dr and 
Mrs M. O. Waddell, of Exton. 
Devon, and Sarah, eldest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs K, R_ Payne, ofHale, 

N. JL 

MrL J.GIowrey 

and Mrs A. E. Stewart-Daris ■ 

The engagement is announced 
between Leith Glowrey, of Chelten- 
ham. Gloucestershire, and Ann 
Stewart-Davis, of Bishops Cleeve, 

amlyn - 
. E.DHJou 

Mr J. W. HamJyn 
and Miss C 
Tbe engagement is. announced 
between Jonathan, son of Sqd Ldr 
R. F. Hamlyn, of Rustington, West 
Sussex, And the late Mrs R. F. 
H amlyn. and -Caroline, daughter of 
the late Mr and Mis W. Simpson, of 
Cape Town, South Africa. 

Mr D. V.H-Panl 
and Miss C. V. Hopkins 

The e n ga gem ent is announced 
between David, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs Roger Paul, of Brandish 
Lodge, Woodhridge, Suffolk, and 
Catherine, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mis David Hopkins, of Galphay 
n. North Yorkshire. 

Lieutenant Commander 

W Hl fa ith 

and Mbs S. J. Christie 
The- e n gagem e nt Is announced 
betivero Nigel, son of ReanAdmiral 
and Mrs D. A. Williams. - of 

^ ve [*ti)!re. > H^p8hi r e and Sorn^ 

, . — — v — j — — tin nun 

daughter of Dr and Mis 
Christie, of Dxtchfing, Sussex: 

Mr A- G. C. Hayward - 

and Miss S.M. 

The engagement is announced 
between Alastair, elder son of Mr 
and Mis L A. C Hayward, of 
Gerrards Cross, Buddagbamshirc. 
and Susan, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs E R. Buriand, of Lymington, 

Manor; Ripon, ] 

Mr J. S. RallJ 
and Miss K. Martin 
The e n gagement is announced 
between John, only son of Mr Lucas - 
RaHi and Mrs Catherine Raffi, of 
London, and Kathryn, dflg 
daughter of Dr Ernest Martin and 
Mrs Helen Martin, of Pasadena. 
California, United States. 

Mr A. G. C* Rossdale 
and Min S. L. HlpweU 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, son of Dr and 
Mrs T. P. Rossdale; of New mar ket, 
Suffolk, and Sarah, daughter ofMr 
and Mn P. H. Hipweli, of Bradfield 
St dar^ Suffolk. 

Mr J. Withers Greer 
and Mitt C.M. Gardiner - 
The en g a g em ent is annnmimii 
betw«n Jeremy, second son of the 
Rev T. and Mrs Withers r 
Wddon Rectory, Nonham 
and Cathryn, third Amg tri 
Rev "E A.- and Mrs Gardiner, 
Mitre House, Brentwood, Essex. 



MrB. CYddham 
and Miss S. F. Mazmion 
The e nm ge m ent is announced 
{fween^ger Oiyz, elder son * 
Mr and Mr* R. C Yridhartt, at 
Otfori- Kent and. Sarah Frances, 
elder daughter of Mr and- Mrs W. ” 
Mannion, ofPetworth, Sussex. 



OBITUARY . . VTT .* - 
Novelist of the solitary 
masterpiece , 

Juan Rulfo the Mexican of Ja&co itsdt “Th«r vocabu- 

re turonas W izvr^ss-xk 

(1955), to tod, at to .we of to tott cteobte 

Wn on May 16, stories of men and women 
19I8~ *e harsh tehode aKBmMXS pUca thdr 

isolated SSon devastated by 
winds and heat. IBs fether was bag. 

murdered during the revolt of Intia Ans axen wntier to 

Christ), which provoked tbe and he wffi always be somowl- 
to Moitoi edged as a toster of Spwto 
gov emm ent and the Roman prose. ■ _ 

Qitholic Church. Six years later IBs ^t bra^ wcric tws tee 
hSmothcr died and he was sent no vd. translated 

to an orphanage to com|dete hss hi 1959 . Tto Airy of a man 
e ducatio n. _ seddng las. dead gave 

At the age of 15, Rulfo Rulfo a» mternatfonal .repu- 
_ . _ » a. ac an m which he flinudf 

moved to Mexico Ghy as an xatum, in. which be himself 
a ccountant He^ tiidi e d Jaw , : 

*7- rr -T’ for the rest of his fife, El 

since bis eariy 20s Cor j i f[ era (The Mountain 

n ovel alyut Jalisco jrinch he Pa ^ w *ay part of 

destroyed - because he said, it . ^ never Jeoovtsed his self- 
y* s .written in a somewhat became a ham- 

riietoncal language . j^c ■ bright-eyed man, Who 

Jhe_stones, which whm what '.has been 

collected immediately estab- M - a mystkally 

lishedRidfourlm own country, T y ™ Uiy 

axe also about Jalisco. *x**&~v . . T ■ 

But all rhetoric has been He was obsess e d wit fr yn- 
purged. In its place is an ealogy, and ment much of bis 
impersonal almost brutal natu- time ftnities»y atiranpting to 
ral»m. For this manner Rulfo trace his own &m3y .lustoiy. 
owed much to Hamsnn -and to But Pedro Pil/wm* will, be 
French regionalists such as Jean remembered as a unique 
Giono, as weti as to WDliam achievement in the genre that 
Faulkner, whom be admired has been called “magic re- 
above aQ others. . atism**, and Rulfo as the master 

But he owed most to the who could not write a second 
speech habits ofthe inhabitants masterpiece. 


Group ■ cin ptnm Paul Ivor ■imrea- half their number to • 
Harris, DFC, who died cm strong AA. and fighter defences. 
December 29 at tbe age of. 79, But Harris gained a DFC and 
won his DFC in one ofthe raids his rear pinner a DFM as they 
over the Heligoland Bight in the fought off AA German fighters, 
early months of the war while Harris went through tbe 
flying a Wellington bomber entire war in Wellingtons 
whose recent raising from the and Liberators without being 

bottom of Loch Ness provided, wounded or having to bale out, 
a television retiring from tbe RAF 

in 1954 

the subject of _ 

documentary. . . .. to take up forming. 

Bom the son- of. the Meanwhile, Wellington 
theologian, Charles Harris, Paul N2980 had been crash landed, 
Harris was educated at lancing, by another pilot, on Loch Ness 
and qualified as ■ a solicitor, in 1940 and for forty- years lay 
However, be wanted to fry and forgotten under foe lake, 
gained a -commission in die However she was discovered 
Royal Air Farce. He, was by an American sonar research 
serving with a Wellington crew who were scanning the 
squadron at the outbreak ofwar bottom for signs, of the Loch 
in 1939. ; Ness Monster, and w as recently 

Piloting the WeBinglon seen in a BBC television 
V2980 (R for Robert) he was documentary being hanted out 
oart of a toree squadron raid - of the Loch. The aircraft is now 
me of Bomber Command's being mounted in Brootiands 
early attempts to assert itself Museum, 
against Goman shipping - Harris who retired from 
which flew to attack targets at forming in 1973; was a founder 
Wilhelm shaven on December memberofihe Freedom Assori* 
18. 1939. tkm and a Director of the 

Dl equipped for their task and Campaign for the Defence of 
rawas to tactics, the raiders lost the Uqjustly Prosecuted. 


era Key Dr Hugh 
Douglas, KCVO, CBE, who 
died on January 4 at the age of 
74, was a -distinguished parish 
minister of tbe Church of 
Scotland, serving. St Mary*s: 
Church, Dundee, .-for over a 
quarter of a century, who was 
also called to wide tasks of 
leadership in his church, from' 
1974 to 1981 he was Dean of 

came to vide Scottish promi- 
nence through his convener-ship 
of tire special co mmit t e e to 
commemorate the fourth cen- 
tenary of the Scottish Reftr- 
marirm, which cnhnjnaipd in 
the ..Queen's : persmhd 
ance at the fecial session off lie 
General Assembly. Rh^- this 

the Chapel Royal in Scotland, 
a dan ' 

and was 

laplain to .the 

Queen from 1959 to 1981. 

Hugh Osborne Dramas was 
born in S e pt e m b er 1911, the 
son of the Rev R. B. Douglas, a 
Scottish missionary serving in 
India . Glasgow was the scene of 
his education, at the academy, 
university and Trifiity OrfiOBe, 
divinity " 


halL Jfc took a first 

class degree in classics. Mims- 
at Leven 

civic parish 

and North Leith 
_ in the 
Dundee. He< 

Andrews and Dundep,jdnreer- 
rifies’ honoured " him ' wfh 
doctorates. In 1970-71 he was 
Moderator of the General 

Douglas was a notable broad- 
caster who had also served on 
the General Advjscsy:Cbnndl 
ofthe BBC He was A handsome 
man with an exceBcaattdevision 
presence. He was xaaiki KCVO 
m 1981. 

He married in 1939 Isabel 
Rutherford, of Coldstoeaafr 
was in every sense a partner in 
his work. 

Lloyds Bank Pic has increased 
its Base Rate from 11.5 per cent to 
12.5 per cent p.a. with eflfect from 
Thursday, 9 January 1986. 

All fa dl in n (including regulated consumer 
agreements) with a rare of interest linlod to Iioyds 
Bank Base Race will be varied accordingly. ' 

Tire change in Base Rate trill also be applied W 
dbe same dare by the United Kii^doiZSik oft- 

Tlre National Bank of New Zealand lii^tied. • 

^ Bcama “f 00 ® aaUaM 


5 t1 Hi 
ffL ! ; ' 



, uo. W J IU M , — _ , 

acGounuuiu 1 stowed oosetrarsL 

did a number of menial ctesMl Juan Preoado (PrecuAr 

jobs. ITaring Vtodd War H, be means “ovB-an*ho«i **well 
processed impounded German as precioi^.^seaa to are ms 

feitear, Pedro Pfiramo,m Coma- 
F^m 1947- until 1954, he Wben. he remAra tife town 

worked * " ‘ 

after thi 

television. . — * — --- — — - 

the Instituto Indjgenista, ae- Paramo- 
voted to the protection of the Rulfo showed that the Revol- 
Indians. Yet, whereas most Qtfoa in Mexico made so 
Mexican writers take part in difference, to the 

public life, Rulfo perastently people of Jalisco, by literally 
refused to do so. ' feeong his reader to share their 

Rulfo was self-taught, and did jjmer world. He also gave us the 
not publish a book until he was jsost convincing picture of 
35. This was the short story -jnacbxsmo. 
collection El -Uano en Uamtp unfortunately, be was never 

sari^i^igh with the 
1 967 as The Bu rning Pla iTL Hc novel hie worked on 

had, however, been wrmflg test of his life, £/ 


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- J--V; 

A Chorus Line (PG) • 
Odeon Leicester Squa re : 

Year ofthe Dragon (18) 

ABC Shaftesbury Avenue ~ 

Orion’s Beft (IS) •; 

Classics Chelsea, 
Tottenham Court Road 

Peppermint Freedom 



Kurosawa retrospective 


A Chorus Line' is ' the longest -run- 
ning and most profitable musical in" 
the history of Broadway, ..with a 
worldwide gross estimated at more 
than $300 million. It was inevitable 
that Hollywood should tpfce it on, 
since the business of Hollywood has- 
always been to buy success, regard- 
less of how suitable a .particular 
property is to the screen - which in 
the caseof A Chorus' Line is not 
very. This is a musical purposefully, 
conceived for toe stage. Moreover 
the kind .of overblown and trans- 
parent pretensions that go well 
enough on Broadway and in Drury 
Lane tend to be exposed .on the 
screen.' The chorus audition .is 
portentously offered as a microcosm 
of all human ' life: Aspiration, 
Disappointment, Growing Up and 
Growing Old, Sex, Race, Religion, 

; tove afraB explored in tum, as each 
. character does .his seff-psychoana- 
lytical numbea 

; . In the decade since die fifcn rights 
. .were sold, a number o£. potential. 

• directors 'gave up in .face- of. the 
problems of adapting a. musical so 
' stage-oneiuated. Finally the project 
..was taken on by RichardAtten- 
-. ^prough, no doubt grateful lor a - 
c han ce to demoustrate,that making 
..imperial spectaculars was not his' 
only skin. 

In the event he has been clever . 
enough not' to try to be dever. He 
> has . left .-the stage-show whore he 
found' iL on . the stage; a few brief 
. backstage excursions hardly amount . 
. to "opening up". The mqjor change, 
from the stage original, making a 
.• visible, nearly human character of 
the choreographer (Michael Doug- 
: las) instead of a disembodied voice, 

! seems sensibly calculated to mitigate 
somewhat the awesome sense of a 
Last lodgement: : 

- Much of the. time Attenborough 
films a 1 head-on .proscenium view, " 
and, when the performers seem 
. equal to it; uses long unbroken takes 
in the vocal numbers. . Mostly the 
perfonners are equal to it, because 
Attenborough is always adept at 
selecting ms collaborators; and he 
.has assembled a talented, attractive, 
hollar cast for the auditionees. 

Technically, too, nothing has been 
left , to chance. Faye P nfiairiw has 
devised some, remarkably erotic 
practice costumes. Ralph Burns’s 
arrangements beef up' the’ Marvin 
Ha ml isch music, as Jeffrey Horna- 
da/s choreography refreshes the 
original conception' of Michael 
Bennett The most important contri- 
bution however comes from the 
.gifted English editor, John Bloom (a 
regular Attenborough- colloborator), 
to whom are due a few moments of 

^excitement achieved in the 
numbers. . 

Michael Cimino maria a promis- 
ing debut with Thunderbolt and 
Lightfoot, but when his second film. 
The Deer Hunter, had the dubious 
luck of winning five Oscars (indudr 
mg Best Film and Best Director) he 
was inescapably landed in Holly- 
wood’s big money league. The Deer 
Hunter and the films which fol- 
lowed, Heaven's Gale and now Year 
of. the Dragon, show Cimmo 
consistently spending money and 
effort on big showpieces and 
pai n sta kin g visual detail, but appar- 
ently unable to control narrative or 

- structure.' 

. .There is a lot of show in Year of 
the Dragon - a highly decorative, 

■ .studio-built New York Chinatown, 

' set-pieccs that include an intermin- 
able' Chinese funeral and an 

- unneccssary irip to South-East Asia 
to create an over-populated Golden 
Triangle . commune. The script 
however, even aside from its 

- sprawling indiscipline, seems a frail 
thing to support the massive 
superstructure. It is a familiar tale of 
the tough, incorruptible lone-wolf 
cop' obsessively and single-handedly 
bait on busting a huge crime 
organisation, despite the opposition 
of - his , politically - motivated 
superiors, and despite the resulting 
wreck of his marriage. The script's 
more “serious" elements - little . 
lessons in American -Chinese history 
and the cop's various hang-ups with 
racism, social resentment, Vietnam 
memories and a Polish immigrant 
background - seem artificially 

The cinematographer Alex 
Thompson keeps his cameras 
nervously on the move, exploring 
Gi mine’s sets and set-pieces. In the 
end though it is the nicely judged 

Bugging the tongs: two elderly linguists come to the aid of Mickey Rourke in Year of the Dragon 

opposition of the performances of 
Mickey Rourke and John Lone that 
keep the thing alive, at least until the 
plot gets too absurd. 

Orion's Belt is Norway's Defence 
of the Realm, as an addition to the 
continuing cycle of films of political 
paranoia. Xt reflects less the current 
atmosphere of the Second Cold War 
than the permanent anxieties of 
those Scandinavian countries that 
belong to Naio while sitting, 
geographically speaking, on the 
doorstep of the Soviet Union. 

The central characters are a 
cheerful trio of nautical vagabonds, 
up to any trick to turn a small profit 
with then- rusty old boat. They think 
they have struck lucky when they 
find a mass of copper cable on ah 
uninhabited island; but find too late 
it leads to a Soviet listening post. 
The Soviet military set out to silence 
them, and manage to sink their boat 
and kill two of the trio. The real 

horror begins when the third man 

tries to tell his story to the 
Government, only to discover that 
Norway’s, as well as the Soviets', 
political interests demand that be be 

The director Ola Solum has a 
keen sense of drama and suspense; 
he can make the disembarking of a 
bulldozer as gripping as the finely 
filmed helicopter attacks, and takes 
full advantage of the impressive 
Artie scenery and fauna. This 
consistently well-played and hand- 
somely-mounted adventure story is 
Norway's most expensive and most 
exportable film to date. 

Marianne Rosenbaum's Pepper- 
mint Freedom (a deliberate mistrans- 
lation of the original German title. 
Peppermint Frieden - “Peppermint 
Peace”) is a talented, tormented 
little film. Shot in black and white 
that enhances the skilful evoction of 
the period, it is a German child's 

view of the first years of a peace 
which - with the Cold War. Korea 
and nuclear armament - seems 
more frightening than the war just 
ended. Much of the film is 
concerned with the nightmares of 
the imaginative Marianne fa mar- 
vellous first-time child actor, Saskia 
Tyrol ler); the surreal atmosphere 
explains the chronological oddity of 
the * child's apparently unchanging 
age between Germany's Russian 
campaign and Korea. 

London's outstanding cinema 
event is the retrospective of the 
work of Akira Kurosawa, presented 
in collaboration with the Japan 
Foundation as part of the Barbican 
Centre’s Japanese Festival. Kuro- 
sawa must now rank as the greatest 
living and working film artist; and 
the two-week retrospective presents 
his entire work from his first film, 
Sanshiro Sugata, to his most recent, 
the monumental Ran, a Japanese 

Lear, which will officially open in 
London in March. Only the trade 
union-produced propaganda film. 
Those Who Make Tomorrow, to 
which Kurosawa briefly contributed 
but which he subsequently repudi- 
ated adamantly, has been excluded. 
It is now even possible to see Judo 
Saga 7/ (1945), for many years 
believed to be lost. 

This picture was a sequel to 
Kurosawa's d£but film, Judo Saga 
(Sanshiro Sugata, 1943), a major 
rediscovery of the present retrospec- 
tive. The film was itself lost, and the 
negative was only restored and 
reconstructed in 1952. Lacunae in 
the action are now bridged by 
(needlessly) long titles; and at least 
one line of action vanishes halfway 
through the film. Even so we can 
recognize Kurosawa, in this very 
first work, as an artist not like the 

David Robinson 


• . : ::x 

. ; £ 

-01 Ga 

— £ 


1 ' J- 

l\. ,P 



Les Liaisons 
The Pit " 

A second viewing of this piece - 
first seen jn Stratford last 
September - confirms -its place 
among: those few dramatiza- 
tions of novels that rank equal 
with tbeir sources. 

The ' word “faithful” is 
usuaUyinwlved in this context, 
and, for . what it is worthy 
Christopher : Hampton's text 
does faithfully deliver Choder- 
Ios de Lados’s story of how two 
arch-intriguezs conspire in. the 
seductions of a married woman 
and a girl aged 15. Far more 
important is Hampton's success 
in digesting- '• the book and 
recreating it m his own terms. If 
ever there were - a -case for 
claiming adaptation as a pri- 
mary creative act, this is it. 

Brief by the; usual standards 
of eighteenth-century epistolary, 
novels, Les Liaisons danger- 
euses still : runs to some 400 
pages; and, 'although practically 
every letter in the book 
manages to advance the plot, its . 
pace is leisurely and digressive. 
In Hampton's version, with 
nothing: essential omitted and 
only one cnidal change in the 

. events, it has been wound up to 
.'the tension of a tightly coiled 
spring. Also, • where Laclos's 
■ ipgenuity went bn keeping his 
characters apart so as to give 
them the pretext for writing, 
Hampton exerts corresponding 
skill in bringing them together - 
complete with episodes of 
. eavesdropping and embarrass- 
ing discoveries. ' 

- Thiv in turn, entails the task 
ofi r . devising _an appropriate 
idiom from a grarioudy literary 
book ^signally* lacking in dia- 
logue. Hampton's solution here 
is to opt for a timdess style in 
which phrases from the letters 
can combine with modern 
speech, to present - as in Laclos 
-the portrait of a highly formal 
society where any concupiscent 
scheming . or. cold-blooded 
cruelly can flourish provided, ft 
is discussed in the most 
unspecifically civilized lan- 

In its _ original form, the 
story's central metaphor, of the 
assault on sexual virtue in terms 
of military campaigning, ; is 
strictly confined to the eight- 
eenth century. Hampton’s text 
releases it into wider currency 
without any loss in narrative 

Above all, it preserves the 

Music Network 

new music on T?ouf 




Anthony Uwfa aartntt Ja w wIi M l M Bwnn i Wrn. 
EBnbntb Layton Violin. Gustav OnkMn Vtoiln. 
Paul SavrUMCMi Vto^rtmothy tow ftJo. Jf w Iw o tw i 

oPtano . 

ALFRED SCHNITTKE.... .Ptano Quintet 

DAVID BLAKE.. .1 Clarinet Quintet 

GY&RGY LIGETI.......^.. .Horn Trio 

Wad 1 B Jan 7.30pm LONDON, BforoBbtoy Tbentr* 01487 9620 

Sat 1 8 Jan 8-OOpaa BRISTOL, AnraMnl OZ7M991W 

Sun 19 Jan 7-30pm BRACKNELL. Swill HHJ Park Art* Centre - JggJ 8 * 185 

Tna 21 Jan 8-OOpin SOUTHAMPTON Untvsnity. Tunny Stem Concert HaB 

BGOdO ' 

FH2*Jan7JOpmllVCM>QmVobnrtttyTlH*cn _ <*1-709 «E» BXL&4B8 

Sat ZB Jan 7Mptm HULL Untverslw. MkWleOJO Hail ■ 0482-26526 

Further (ran me Conwummy Music Network. Arti Council' of -Great 

Britain. 106 PiccMUly. London wiv (MU. Tali OX-629 9*9B 


SUNDAY. JAN. 12. ‘86 
7D0 pm 

Jacqueline Hartley - violin, Rugen.GOne? - viola,. 

Mark Jackson - cello. Robert Hilf - clarinet, 

Amanda Hufton - piano. 

Piano Quartet Opus s, CJML ran Wtber 

Trio ter Clarinat. Vlota and Piano. Aubrey Mayor iffcst performance) 
Three Mad rigab tor Vflofin and VSotorR. Morfinu - : 

Trio for Clarinet, Viotoand Piano (Kegetetatf), WAfo^rl 

Prices £2-00, E3-00, p4-00 Box OtOci TaL No, 01 1-8M 

UlC %XTM 1AT» | 


rSl: Jet.*;.:-!. 

* - Alan Rickman: born 
to play the part 

mesmeric power of the two 
schemers - the Marquise de 
Merteuil and the Vicomte de 
Valmont. Former lovers, now 
linked in an unholy partnership 
of sexual corruption and' re- 
venge, they and their actions 
invite the reader to recoil in 
horror. But to watch them in 
action is to succumb to a stale 
of entranced interest. 

- First there is the fascination 
of seeing two total professionals 
in action, playing a ruthless 
game to their own perverse but 
severe rules. Then there is the 
gradual realization that they are 
unequally matched. The 
Vicomte is simply a veteran and 
immensely skilled libertine. The 
Marquise, hardened by mar- 
riage and armed with copious 
learning, is by far the stronger. 

Her mission to dominate and 
avenge has the strength of a 
-philosophy: feminist despite the 
damage she delights in inflicting 
on women. And, as the play 
develops, it gradually emerges 

that the Vicomte is simply her 
most effective instrument and 
her chief victim. At her behest, 
he seduces young Cecile (Lesley 
Manvifle making a vertiginous 
change from virgin ignorance to 
delighted corruption); again 
under her orders, he casts off his 
beloved Presidente de Tourvel 
- only to lose interest in life and 
die willingly in a duel. Hie 
irony, pressed to the limit in 
Howard Davies's production, is 
that the intriguer has himself 
been ambushed by his own 

-Hampton's alteration is to 
reprieve the Marquise from 
smallpox only to deliver her to 
the guillotine. However, the 
revolutionary rumblings that 
punctuated the Stratford pro- 
duction have been much muted; 
and atmosphere is dictated 
mainly by Ilona Sekacz's discor- 
dant pastiche Couperin on an 
amplified harpischord - which 
spreads the sense of plangent 
desolation, even under the most 
uproariously improper epi- 
sodes, such as the sight of 
Valmont writing to his beloved 
on the back of a naked 
courtesan who, he later claims, 
“sometimes .does secretarial 
work for me”. 

Of Alan Rickman's Valmont, 
one can only say that he was 
bom to play the part: in its 
reptilian voluptuousness, its 
weary exhaustion, and its bursts 
of brutish energy; never more 
speUbieding than in his sleep- 
walking advance on to Dance- 
ny’s sword. Lindsay Duncan's 
Marquise, facing her adver- 
saries and dupes with a level, 
challenging gaze and a mocking 
drawl, would exert steely auth- 
ority even without the help of 
the Watteau silks she wears like 
a suit of armour. Juliet Steven- 
son cuts through the surround- 
ing style, subterfuge, with direct 
feeling and unbearable pain. 

Irving Wardle 


Royal Albert Hall 16 January, 7.30pm 


in the presence of 

TRH The Prince and Princess of Wales 
Wt regret to announce that ozoing to indisposition 

Placido Domingo 

mM be replaced by Sir Charles MacKerras 

Ghena Dimitrova Arthur Davies 

Dame Janet Baker Robert Lloyd 

Box Office: Phone 01-589 8212 


HaiiiDds, KfflghBbridge, SW1 
91 Wimpofe Sow* VI 
17 WigmoK Street, VI 

72 Gloucester Road, ST?7 
12-13 Waterloo Streo, Rriml 8 

4fi King Street, Kmnsfbrd 
2fi Caste Street, Edmbar&fi 
21 London Road, Tunbridge ®Ub 
19 Ualyvell HHL Sl Albans 
16 The Parade, Leami n gton Spa 

RING 0734 876 161 FOR BROCHURE 

In Opinions: Misrule Britannia 
(Channel 4) that intellectual 
urchin Norman Stone offered a 
mischievous analysis of the 
British disease. With eyebrows 
flapping like dark seagulls and 
with pouting lips he argued that 
the attitudes which had allowed 
us to rule one quarter of the 
globe - attitudes' which in fact 
became a universal model - 
were now a destructive harden. 

In 1860, Stone reminded ns, 
one third of the Italian popu- 
lation lived off rotten corn, 
dressed in goatskins and com- 
municated south of the Arno 
largely in grunts. Today Italy 
has overtaken us in output per 
capita. What prevents us from 
imitating Italy is the entrench- 
ment of the ancien regime. 


The British disease 

Unlike her European col- 
leagues, Britain has rarely 
ntdergone a political revolution. 
“George HI did not have his 
head cut off - he just went off 
it.” Nor does British socialism 
offer any solution, jerrybnDt as 
it is on the old order - an order 
which means if people make 
money by doing something it 
will be taken away, but if they 
sit still on property they will 
make and keep a fortune. 

So, with only one jump-cut 
and pepping his thesis with 
bizarre parallels, did the Oxford 
Professor of Modern History 

pinch the bottom of contem- 
porary Britannia, “it's time”, be 
concluded, chucking his win- 
some, dimpled chin, ‘That our 
ancien regime had a bourgeois 

No more perfect embodiment 
can there be of the “spineless 
fudge” which characterizes the 
British disease than Prime 
Minister Jim Hacker. Yes, 
Prime Minister (BBC2) began 
its new series hilariously with 
Hacker, three days Into his 
administration, attempting to 
cancel Trident and hire a cook. 
Both tasks prove tricky. **I have 

the power to blow np the world 
but not to ask for scrambled 

The script of Anthony Jay 
and Jonathan Lynn achieves its 
effects by the time-honoured 
method of pitting the princess 
with the pea, the great design 
with the little things that ruin it 
(how for instance the emergency 
hot-line to the Kremlin is 
answered by a telephonist who 
does not speak English). The 
on-stage duo, Paul Eddington 
and Nigel Hawthorne, were also 
very much on form and there 
was a fine performance from 
Frederick Treves as General 




PLG Young Artists 

Purcell Room 

At the mid-point of this year's 
Park Lane Group Young Artists 
and Twentieth Century Music 
series the remarkable standard 
of performance shows no sign of 
'flagging. But of tbe three 
partnerships heard on Wednes- 
day one was obviously out- 
standing. and for a simple 
reason. The Lisney Piano Trio 
tackled two bold works, the 
Shostakovich and Ives Piano 
Trios, in a bold maimer, 
proving that in music as in so 
much else he who dares often 
wins. Moreover it disturbed the 
violinist Rebecca Hirsch and 
the cellist Caroline Deamley 
not one bit that tbeir usual 
pianist, the unfortunate James 
Lisney. was indisposed. Nor 
should it have done when they 
were able to summon as 
substitute the talented John 

Indeed, only in the first 
movement of the Shostakovich 
did one sometimes feel that a 
sharper response was required 
of him, although there was 
plenty of passion and bite to be 
heard from his colleagues. The 
fiery cut and thrust in the 
Scherzo was unanimous, how- 
ever, while the sustained tragic 
expression of the Largo had 
admirable breadth as well as an 
instinctive sense of momentum. 

I liked, too. the wily minute 
rhythmic anticipations of the 
finale, which helped give it just 
the right degree of macabre 

If anything, the Ives was yet 
more impressive. The glorious 
cacophony of the movement 
Ives called “TSLAJ” (“This 

Scherzo is a joke”) sounded 
every bit as colourfully chaotic 
as its obvious close relative, the 
Scherzo of the Fourth Sym- 
phony, while the warm humility 
of the finale, full of Ives’s 
wilfully wayward harmonic 
imprints, was here confident, 
and thus compelling and mov- 

Also in this concert, the 
soprano Tracey Chadwell sang 
John McCabe's Requiem Se- 
quence (1971) with rare accu- 
racy, using her pure yet 
expressive voice and a com- 
manding stage presence to 

convey the mesmeric qualities 
of an exquisite, touching score. 
Her pianist. Pamela Lidiard. 
handled the work’s Messiaen- 
like textures sensitively, while 
both found equally appropriate 
colours for Elizabeth Macon- 
chy's Three Songs (written 
expressly for Miss Chadwell) - 
two dark Auden settings in 
memory of W. B. Yeats and a 
satirical, appositely whimsical 
setting of Macneioe’s “It’s no 
go!''. Bernard Rands's Ballad 
HI for soprano and tape was 
delivered with the right sense of 

In the early evening recital 

the clarinettist Duncan Prescott 
showed technical brilliance aud 
an ability to call at will upon the 
widest extremes of his instru- 
ment's character, as was re- 
quired in Priaulx Rainier’s 
Suite. A pity that his pro- 
gramme was otherwise slightly 
odd; York Bowen's Sonata is 
lovingly crafted but sounds like 
Brahms watered down by 
English pastorali sm while Mor- 
ris Pert's Luminos (1972) had 
its effective moments but lasted 
too long. Scott Mitchell was the 
excellent pianist. 

Stephen Pettitt 

In the frozen 
wastelands of 
the Arctic there 
hides a secret 
so politically 
explosive that when 
it is accidently 
discovered by a 
group of innocent 
men — it brings 
intrigue treachery 
and death. 



OCA jW»| 


finance and industry 




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ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Dec 23. Dealings End , Today. § Contango Day. Jan 13- Settlement Day, Jan 20. 

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Finance and industry 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

ChevenxEi began on a cheery note. After 
dinner <a Saturday nighty Ministers 
played c trades. Came the dawn, with 
conflicts ; newspaper stories about the 
state of the economy, and- the Prime 
Minister 1 manifest concern.The Chancel- 
lor pres* 1 the panic button and base rates 
shot up l 4% points. 

This v ^end roughly the same leam is 
assembli g again at Chevenihg for a new 
year trol round the configuration of the 
March I idget Judging by the tenor of the 
ChanceUir*s- comments yestenlay, the 
atmospi re will be equally cheery: Mr 

Lawson, on the “Today” pm gr amrn^ 

made it tear he thoug h t tee economy was 
doing vc y welL 

Base, ates, which went • up one point 
yesterda to 1214 per cent, h«H occasion- 
ally to i > up, just as now. and then, they 
came d wn. Industry should stop moan-' 
tng sine it now had a devaluation against 
the D-u irk to play around with; - 

Look ig at the jobless figures, workers 
only ha themselves to blame for pricing' 
themsd es out of work. ■ Wage pn hciw! 
were dastrous. Economic growth was 
steady, md inflation set on a declining' 

But v LU tiie general weekend merriment 
grind tc a hah yet again this year? Judging 
by yesirday’s performance, money and 
bond zarkets are increasingly disen- 
chanter by what . they - see- as the 
Chance oris narrowly sectarian interpret- 
ation i what is taking? place, in tee 

Money market rates opened sharply 
higher nd three-month interbank was 
offered it around 13 K* per cent, almost 
presagii > a further . one point rise in base 
rates. 1 ie Bank of England moved into 
the mciey markets very sharply, ami 
establisl id a dealing range exactly one 
point hi her than the Tuesday, pre-inter- 
est rate ise, intervention levels, at about ' 
12 Y* pc cent This calmed the market, 
because it suggested the authorities did 
not wisi to ree rates any higher, at least 
for the t ne being. 

But 1 e gilt market fell anart again 

state of 
Minister 1 
lor pres* 
shot up t 
This v 

wffl be^equaUy cheery. Mr 

1*1 On tee “Today” pm gr amrn^ 

■ *cnr he tho ugh t tee economy was 
e y welL 

ates, which went • up one point 
to 1214 per cent, occasion-' 
> up, just as now. and then, they 
wn. Industry should stop moan- 
it now had a devaluation against 
irk to play around with: - 
ig at the jobless figures, , workers 
themselves to blame tot pricing 
es out of work. - Wage pn hciw! 
iastrous. Economic growth was 
md inflation set on a declining' 

ill tee general weekend mer rime nt, 
a hah yet again this year? Judging 
Way’s performance, money and 
sarkets are ineneasingfy efisen- 
by what . they, see: as the 
oris narrowly sectarian interpret- 
r what is taking ~ place in tee 

are off in the bitter £1.9 billion 
illers takeover fight. . After 
_ y long deliberations, Mr Leon 
the Trade and Industry Secretary, 
annouifced yesterday teal he- was going 

not wisl to toe rates any higher, at least 
for the t ne being. 

But i e gilt market fell apart again 
yesterda . Index-linked stocks for example 
droppec i early a point during the worst of 
the batt ring. More significantly, tee long 
end of ; ie market was particularly weak; 
suggest! g in turn that holders of 21st 
century stocks have virtually given up 
expechi ; anything worthwhile - in the ' 
shape q sustained 4aUs in rates firom the. . 
Chattel or. The way lies open, for a 
comjlet : redrawing ofthe basic UK yield 
curve from its current downward sloping 
bias. : L * 

Ncr can the gilts market expect any help 
from New York. On Wednesday, bond 
price fell by 1% points on news that US 
non-inn payrolls rose by 320,000 in 
December. That means that tee US 
econdny. is far stronger that bears like Dr 
Kanfean of Salomon Brothers had 
rcekoted. In turn, this implies teat tee 
scopefor cuts in the US Federal discount 
rate ^virtually non-existant. 

As he: US Bond market continued its 
coUapte yesterday. Dr Kaufman offered 
r a more or less complete 
ofhis pre-Christmas views. He 
not see US rates moving lower 
pa« of US economic growth 
. Since he forecasts continued 
US real Gross National Product 
least. 1988, teat means that US 
ers will have to wait at least 24 
before the Federal Reserve 
loosen tee monetary strings, 
i markets, that represents an 
US yields ought now to rise 
not least because New Yoiic was 
yesteiday by rumours that the 
>oised to. seU their entire 
o, as retaliation for Presi- 
’s sanctions against Libya. . ■*. 
news of these violent swings in 
timent succeeds on penetrating 
of Chevening and alters the 
*s benign , view of the works 
to be seen. Perhaps, despite 
oil price cut yesterday, the 
of the US economy wffl 
icate itself to tee oil market. 
Chancellor . out in the : ira- 

11s inarch to war 

Billions wiped off shares as 
world follows Wall St dive 

By William Kay, City Editor 

referring the bid to the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission. The battle for tee 
hearts andTninds of the Scotch whisky 
group’s 94,000 shareholders now begins in 

Mr Brittaii’s - decision is a blow to 
Distillers, which was pinning considerable 
hope on tee six-monte breathing space 
that a Monopolies probe would have 
./given its besieged d ir ectors 

Now they have until February 1 5 at the, 
. l at est, the offer’s 60th day, to convince 
their shareholders that they should be 
given a new lease of -life. 

The offer doses for a second time on 
January 28. The 39th day, after which 
Distillers is barred from, releasing fresh 
financial details of its defence, is on 
January 23 and tee 46th day, after which 
Argyll - is -not allowed to raise its offer 
except in the event of a counter bid, is on 
February 1. 

Distillers was putting a brave free on 
Mr Brfttari’s decision yesterday, saying 
that its defence plans bad been laid on tee 
basis that there would be no reference. 
The main planks of the public defence wffl 
’ include forecast profits for the year to the 
end of March of *not less than £300 
million, against £2362 milli on last time 
and a probable 20 per cent-phis rise in the 
dividend. ? 

Distillers wffl also stress tee diversifi- 
cation plans if is form ulating to meet 
ambitious future growth targets. 

Despite impressive political support for 
a reference whipped up by GJW Govern- 
ment Relations, the political lobbying 
firm, there was never much of a case tor a 
Monopolies investigation. The rifaww that 
Argyll is an unfit steward of tee Scotch 
whisky industry because of its lack of 
experience In the inte rnational drinks 
market, had a jokiness about it in the light 
of Distillers’ own poor record. 

Nor, too, did the claim teat tee bid 
would overload tee company with excess- 
ive debt cut much ice. 

The audit watchdog 
threatens to bite 

That faithful watchdog, the auditing 
profession, is threatening not just to bark 
but bite bade at tee Government’s plans 
for tbt role of the auditors in regulating 
the financial services sector. 

• . The Institute of Chartoed Accountants 
in England and Wales revealed yesterday 
teat the time has come to set the 
Government’s mind straight about the 
distinction between what is theoretically 
~ desirable and what is actually practical 

The institute acknowledges that the 
auditors’ role in tee prevention of fraud is 
important. It accepts that the auditor 
could make a more positive contribution 
even to the extent of shelving tee long 
cherished principle of client confidentia- 
lity in &voiir< of an element of whistle 
blowing. Where it draws the line, though, 
is over the implication that the auditors 
must also assume the mantle of adviser 1 
and confessor to tee supervisory auth- 
orities. - 

To assume that tee auditors can 
perform a supervisory role under vaguely 
drafted legislation is misguided and not 
only fails to acknowledge the auditors' 
strength as reviewers of historical infor- 
mation but also fails to accept weaknesses 
. in a current auditing regime white does 
not speU out dearly enough the responsi- 
bility for directors to maintain appropriate 
accounting and reporting controls. 

On - some issues tee accountancy 
profession has been backward in coming 
forward, but on the question of super- 
vision its reluctance to accept, the 
proposals is based on the practicalities of 
such a role. 

Instead of a vague suggestion that the 
auditors might monitor client behaviour 
and report any dubious incidents or 
transactions to tee supervisory authorities 
tee institute believes that attention should 
focus more specifically on more effective 
auditing practices and a dear definition of 
the duties of directors to establish and 
maintain adequate systems of controL 

That kind of system has worked within 
the insurance industry where special 
audited reports ted statements have to be 
submitted to the Denartmimt of Trade 

If the Government insists on this 
extended supervisory role for the auditors 
all that will happen is that the individual 
firms wffl not accept the risk and simply 
turn down the business. They wffl deal 
only ante tee bluest drip clients leaving 
tee gap for the less scrupulous accountants 
to ml 

Billions of pounds were 
wiped off the world’s stock 
markets yesterday after fears of 
an interest rate war. 

The panic was sparked in 
New York on Wednesday, when 
an unexpected fell in US 
unemployment led to specu- 
lation that the Reagan adminis- 
tration would have to maintain 
high interest rates to prevent the 
economy from overheating. 

Thai produced a record fen of 
39.1 in WaU Street’s Dow 
Jones index. As stock markets 
opened yesterday, beginning is 
tee Far East, the shock waves 
produced a domino effect. 

By London’s turn, dealers 
deri de d teat shares could go 
only one way. The FT-SE 100- 
share index opened 24.3 down 
at 1,379.9, and this was quickly 
mirrored by the 30-share index. 
Its first reading, at 10am, 

Inmos may 
be sold 
to foreign 

By Ian Griffiths 

Britain’s microchip tech- 
nology could fan into foreign 
i ownership this year when 
i Thom EMI Mils off all or part 
ofits troubled Inmos subsidiary. 

Thom EMTs rimirman Sir 
Graham Wilkins, said yesterday 
that he fad held discussions 
with several international 
companies about a possible 
partnership, none of which was 

He said: “We are looking on 
a world- wide basis, but tee 
likely partner is almost certainly 
not going to be British.” 

Sir Graham did not rule out a 
withdrawal from the business, 
although Thom would prefer to 
retain a controlling interest in 
Inmos. He was unconcerned , 
about any political reper- 1 
missions of such a move since 
his responsibility was to his ' 
shareho lders, be said later. 

Than owns about 95 per 
cent of Inmos acquired at a cost 
of £115 million.. That included 
£95 million paid to tire Govern- , 
ment far its 76 per cent stake in 
July 1984. 

One of the attractions of that 
deal far tee Government was 
that it ensured that Inmos 
would remain Britite-con- 

Thom took control, 
Inmos has suffered a .series of 
fi-nanHflT setbacks as a result- of 
the world decline in tee 
microchip industry. 

In the half-year to September 
30, Inmos made a loss before 
interest of £123 million, com- 
pared with a £2.6 million profit 
a year earlier. It is stQl not 
breaking even on a day-to-day 
basis and is not expected to do 
so until June. 

Once this breakeven position 
has been achieved. Than will 
step npits share disposal plans. 

Thom has rejected the idea of 
going it alone with Inmos since 
the cash requirements for 
developing and expanding the 
business are too high. 

The problems at Inmos have 
hit Thom hard and yesterday it 
reported a fall in interim pretax 
profits to £11.4 million from 
£402 million on rales of £1,533 i 
minion np from £1,436 million. : 

However, the company main- 
tained its 5p interim dividend 
Tempos, page 17 

showed a drop of 16 to 1,107.8. 

There was a recovery in tee 
next hour, but then tire market 
was rocked by Mr Michael 
Heseltine’s resignation. Selling 
became intense, taking the FT- 
SE down 27.5 at one time 
before dosing down 24.4 at 
1 ,379.8. 

The 30-share index closed 
17.7 off at 1,106.1, its biggest 
fall since December 2 This 
index is at its lowest since 
November 20. 

Falls were spread across tire 
board. Dealers said the indexes 
would have been lower but for 
Distillers, buoyed by the Argyll 
merger clearance, and Thorn 
EM3, which produced better- 
ihan expected results. 

Wall Street again picked up 
the mood, choking off an early 
rally to take the Dow Jones 

another 13 points down to 
1,513 by late morning. 

Nerves were stretched by 
rumours in New York tear Arab 
foreign ministers, meeting in 
Fez. might liquidate dollar 
holdings in retaliation against 
America's Libyan sanctions. 

The outlook on Wall Street is 
for continued erratic swings, 
according to a Times survey of 
money managers there. 

The pound held its ground 
well following Wednesday’s rise 
in base rates, although it was 
helped by market suggestions 
that rates may have to rise 
again. It gained 60 points to 
$ 1 .4490 against the dollar. 

The pound initially rose 
sharply against the German 
mark, trading at DM3.57 during 
the morning. It later fell back to 
DM3.5425, still more V4 

pfennig up cm the day, as dollar 
selling boosted the mark. 

The sterling index rose 03 to 
782, after reaching 78-4 during 
the morning. 

fa New York last night, the 
pound rose further to $1.4580. 

London money market con- 
ditions r emain ed volatile and 
nervous. The three-month in- 
terbank rate moved half a point 
to 13 Vc-13 per cent in early 
trading, before settling tack to 
13-12^ percent 

Money market traders said 
the possibility of another UK 
base rate increase remained. 

There was a record volume 
on tee London International 
Financial Futures Exchange. All 
the major contracts bad their 
heaviest trading to date, riving 
a total market volume of about 
40,000 contracts. 

Unemployment breaks trend 
with increase of 14,700 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

Adah unemployment rose by 
14.700 to 3,181300 last month, 
against the favourable trend of 
tee previous three mouths. The 
rate of imeraptoyment rose 
from 13.1 to 132 per cent. 

The rise was the biggest 
monthly increase since last 
April .Lord Young of Grafiham, 
Secretary of State feu* Employ- 
ment, said it was disappointing. 

But Department of Employ- 
ment officials do not believe tee 
December rise heralds a new 
upturn in the jobless totaL 

Lord Young said: “In the last 
six months than has been little 
rhangf» fa the level of unem- 
ployment and it still appears 
that the trend is broadly fret.” 

The December unemploy- 
ment count, which was on 
December 12, may have been 
affected by tee Christmas lull fa 
recruitment, officials believe. 
The count was closer to 
Christmas than is usual. 

This interpretation has some 
support from a 7,900 drop in 
vacancies, seasonally adjusted, 
to 1 62, 100 last month. 

The unadjusted unemploy- 
ment total, including school 
leavers, rose by 14221 to 

i 32 -(masons) 


<Ge asona Sy adjusted^ 
ra?adu}t totei 

i i 

3,273,089, or 13.5 per cent of 
the workforce. There was a. 
24,942 rise fa tee number of 
jobless adults, and a 10,721 fill 
in school leaver unemploymenL 

A rise of 100,000-1 10,000 can 
be expected fa unadjusted 
unemployment this month, fa 
line with normal seasonal 
patterns. This would produce a 
record unemployment level. 

Ar tee end of November. 
495,000 people were kept off the 
unemployment register by the 
Government's special employ- 
ment and training measures, the 
same as a month earlier. 

Critics of the Government 
attacked the first adult un- 

Debt deadlock remains 
after Nigerian talks 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Nigeria is still refusing to 
repay any of the £100 million fa 
l oans outstanding to Johnson 
Matthey Bankers until all fraud 
investigations relating to tee 
loans are complete, despite a 
conciliatory meeting yester- 
day between Professor Bolqji 
Akinyemi, tee Nigerian external 
affairs minister, and the Bank of 

Mr Robin Leigh-Pembeiton, 
Governor of the Bank, em- 
phasized at the meeting that 
most of the JMB loans were not 
fraudulent, fa an attempt to 
persuade Nigeria not to use the 
issue as an excuse for avoiding 
debt repayments. 

The Bank is anxious to secure 
repayment for the loans as soon 
as possible to smooth the way 
towards selling off JMB to the 
private sector this year. 

The meeting with Prof 
Akfayemi ended with a re- 
affirmation by tee Bank and 

Prof Akfayemi of the need for 
cooperation between tee auth- 
orities in England and Nigeria 
to sort out the fraudulent loans. 

Since the near-collapse of 
JMB in 1984 the Bank, which 
took over the running of the 
bank, has reduced the Nigerian 
loan book from about £120 
million to £100 million. This is 
proportionately a much higher 
amount than with other British 
banks. But it also discovered 
teat some of the loans were 

Although the Bank has been 
cooperating with the Nigerian 
police since the middle of last 
year to uncover the full nature 
and extent of tee fraud, the 
central bank of Nigeria is 
refusing to repay any of the 

Nigeria owes S7 billion to 
British companies and the 
Export Credits Guarantee 

Ministers to debate scheme 
for medium-term tax cuts 

By Oar Economics Correspondent 

Treasury ministers will be 
holding taflrg on a medium-term 
programme of tax reductions, 
focussing on income tax, this 
weekend. The raising of base 
rates . thin week has not. 
Treasury officials believe, re- 
moved the scope for tax cuts in 
the March Budget 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the Chan- 
cellor, and his ministers will 
de ci de the broad outline of the 
Budget The weekend meeting, 
held annually at Chevening, 
Kent became the focus of 
considerable attention _ last 
January, occurring as it did 
when ' the sterling crisis was at 
its height 

This rime the Government's 
swift action on interest rates has 
boosted the pound, wghile Mr 
Michael Heseltine’s resignation 



from the Cabinet has diverted 
attention away from Budget- 
planning, even if it may have 
addfri to financia l pressures. 

The scope for tax cuts in the 
budget bailing a collapse of oil 
prices below S22-S23 a band, is 
about £2 billion. Yesterday, 
Brent crude for immediate 
delivery was 52520 a barrel, 
and for March delivery, S 22.85. 

The Chancellor is believed to 
favour concentrating on reduc- 
ing the basic rate of income tax 
by lp to 2p fa tee pound, as 
part of a programme to cat the 
rate to 25p in the pound. 

Although there are clear 
political attractions in doing 
this, it also fits in with Treasury, 
long-term plans for personal tax 

A green paper on personal 



L- $1.4490 (+0.0060) 

£ DM 33401+0.0064) 
£ SwFr3D079(+(L0100) 
£ FFr10.8654(+0.0171) 
£: Y«l2BSL54(+1.15) 

£ Index: 782(+QJ) 

New York (latest 
£ $1-4510 
£ DM2.4470 

$ Index: 125.8+0.03) 
ECU £0.614790 
SDR £0.760285 


i n g dnn: 

Bar* Base: 121 *% 

3-monft Intertank 13-12%% 
3-monte effete Mis: 
buying rata 12tfe-12i4 

Prime Rate 930% 

Federal Funds 7%% 

3-monte Treasury BOIs 7.1 9-7.1 7% 

30-year bond price 104V«-104V# 

taxation will be published, 
probably on Budget Day itself, 
which will propose a system of 
transferrabJe allowances ending, 
the Chancellor believes fee 
discrimination against non- 
workine wives. 

Switching to this system, 
which will not be possible until 
fee end of the decade, will be 
comparatively painless if in fee 
intervening years, fee basic rate 
has been cut to 2Sp fa fee 

Treasury ministers are un- 
likely to dpt for a lower public 
sector borrowing requirement 
fa 1986/87 than the £7.5 billion 
contained fa present plans, fa 
order to reassure fee financial 
markets at the time of fee 

79% profit rise 
at Associated 

By Graham Seaijeant 

Drastics cuts in fee losses of 
the Mail on Sunday helped 
Lord Roth erm era's Associated 
Newspapers raise its profits by 
79 per cent to £41.9 million 
pretax for file year to Septem- 
ber. A three-for-one scrip issue 
and better than expected divi- 
dend rise sent Associated shares 
up 45p to 970p yesterday 
Most of the improvement 
came from fee group's news- 
paper and magazine division, 
which raised its profit from £6.7 
Hion to £20.8 million. 

Profits from oil fell from £9 

millio n to £ 6.8 milli on bat fee 

new Esmond, Forbes and 
Gordon combined gasfield, in 
which the group as a 12.5 per 
cent interest, is now ready to 
produce fully on contract to 


a -.a*? 

Lord Young: Little change 
in level 

employment increase in four 

Mr John Prescott. Labour's 
Employment spokesman, said: 
“These are fee highest Decem- 
ber unemployment figures ever 
recorded . . . Britain starts 1986 
wife fee highest interest, un- 
employment and inflation rates 
of our major competitors. Even 
the resignation of Cabinet 
ministers cannot disguise this 
deplorable record." 

For fee SDP. Mr Ian 
Wrigglesworth. MP. spokesman 
on economic and industrial 
affairs, said: “These figures 
show that the Government's 
economic policy is fa ruins. 

AirCal to 
buy £70m 
BAe jets 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

British Aerospace yesterday 
announced another order, 
worth $102 million (£70 mil- 
lion), for its increasingly suc- 
cessful 146 regional jet auiiner. 

The order, lor six 146s, has 
come from AirCal. a competitor 
of Pacific Southwest Airlines, 
the California based group 
which is already the biggest 
single overseas operator of the 

Both airlines operate from 
Orange County airport near Los 
Angeles where strict noise 
regulations have given fee edge 
to PSA’s 146 fleet and. accord- 
ing to Sir Raymond Lygo. BAe’s 
chief executive, have hit fee 
competition. The 146 is gener- 
ally regarded as the world’s 
quietest jet airliner. 

Group sells 
UK property 

Burnett & H&Oamshire, fee 
hard-pressed coal mining to 
property group, has disposed of 
the last of its British properties 
'for £1.9 mUtion cash to Hartley 
P rop ert y Trust The company 
stiff has development properties 
in California, but aims to sell all 
but one of them. 

Burnett has sold all its British 
development properties for 
about £5 million, or close to 
their book value, since March. 

Shareholders win vote on 
Monday on a financial rescue 
package designed to save the 
company from fee receiver. The 
plan is to convert £63 million of 
bank borrowings to equity, raise 
£30 million by a share issue to 
shareholders, and convert £33 
million of bank debt to 
convertible preference shares. 

Beazer wins 
Kier control 

C. H. Beazer, fee house- 
builder, has clinched its eight- 
week takeover battle for control 
of French Kier, fee construction 

Acceptances from holders of 
less than 6 per cent of fee 
shares to its new increased £160 
million offer were enough to 
take its total shareholding over 
fee 51 percent mark. 

Stock market report, page 17 

BP Oil is to leave, its offices in 
Central London and Hemel 
Hempstead, Herts, and combine 
its British operations in a new 
head office at Hemel 
Hempstead. The boil ding, 
expected to be ready in late 
1988, will bring savings of £43 
million a year. 

Rates cut 

Internationally-agreed official 
interest rates for export credit 
will be cut by 1.05 percentage 
points from Wednesday. Rales 
for credits of 2-5 years will be: 
rich countries 10.95 per cent; 
intermediate countries 9.65 per 
cent; poor countries, 8.8 per 
cent. Rates for credits of more 
than five years will be 1 1 .2 per 
cent. 10.85 per cent, and S.S per 
cent respectively. 

Rentals rise 

Electronic Rentals Group, 
which owns Visionhirc, in- 
creased profits from £7.49 
million to £7.74 million before 
lax in fee six months to 
September 30. Turnover was up 
from £97 million to £104 miilin 
and fee interim dividend is 
unchanged at 12p. 

Tempos, page 17 

Midshires B ail ding Society, the 
seventeenth largest with assets 
of £960 million, is to merge with 
Birmingham and Bridgwater 
BnOding Society. The new 
society will have combined 
assets of £135 billion, making it 
the fourteenth largest 

Rolls director 

Rolls-Royce has appointed 
Sir Philip Sbelboume, chairman 
of BritoiL a non-executive 
director. Mr Peter Molony has 
resigned from fee board on 
leaving fee company. 

Philips sales up 

Sales of Philips, the Dutch 
electrical group, rose to nearly 
F160 billion (£15 billion) last 
year from F153.8 billion in 
1 984. but net profits were lower 
than JFIi. 1 1 billion fa 1984. The 
exact figures for the latest year 
were not available. 

Elders ‘determined’ to 
continue Allied fight 

Mr John Elliott, fee chairman 
of Elders IXL, said yesterday 
feat his company is determined 
to proceed with its battle for 
Allied-Lyons despite fee delay 
caused by a Monopolies 
Commission investigation. 

Mr Elliott returns to Austra- 
lia today after a brief visit to 
London to supervise the pro- 
gress of the £1.8 billion bid 

Elders has compiled a 350- 
page submission to fee Mon- 
opolies Commission which 
details its own business, its 
plans for Allied and fee 
intricate mechanism wife which 
it intends to fund its proposed 

By Patience Wheatcroft 
he chairman It was this convoluted chain 
id yesterday of Turks & Caicos Islands 
i determined companies which raised ques- 
ts battle for lions in the City’ 

delay M r Elliott says that there arc 
Monopolies no significant changes in his 
igation. funding arrangements 
is to Austra- . 

nief visit to Replying to suggestions feat 
ise the pro- Elders might turn ns attention 
Jlion bid from Affied-Lyons to Courage, 
. _ <r . part of the Imperial Group 

nlt ? a "U- under attack from Hanson 
? “ e Mon- Trust, Mr Elliott said that he 
ion which looked at Courage some time 
msmess, its ag 0 and opted instead for 
“ . P® Allied. “However, we are 
i with which determined to get into fee 
its proposed brewing business in Bri tain ", he 

British Gas. 

Tempos, page 17 




Bank PLC 

NatWest announces that 
with effect from 
Thursday, 9th January, 1986, 
its Base Rate 
is increased from 
11.50% to 12.50% per annum. 

All facilities (including regulated, consumer credit 
agreements) with a rate of interest linked to 
NatWest Base Rate will be vazied accordingly. 

41 Lothbury London EC2P 2BP 

FINANCE and industry 


By Derek Pain and Cliff Feltham 



iesLaad government 
wefe’ uL raged retreat 
ty. Prices wen? u p r ftpfl 
tta ply over a wide front 
in) investors baffled and 
ret by the dramatic' 
Lanliment. . • 

Fu lay. the maritet; as 
*1 by the FT - 30 share 
reached a. new trading. 

P r with signs of 
he index was 
06 . 1 point -<■ its 
; early Decero- 
it was down 21 . 

rtfng to . Dalastream 
it u the damp wiped 
fi a' £4.2 billion from 
v lues. 

■ -SE share index winch 
* 100 shares, stamped 
i is 1,379.$ ponitt, one 

l ggest fens on record. 
a ade several unsuccess? 

J ■ A Mm.lHllH.MW _ * 

lowers, which has just 
an 18 per cent jump m 
profits, Ss On the 
ttafL -The chahnnan, 
Fesfherstone, has four 
nder review although 
Ahewfll not pay "fancy 
: Be also is.pfe*slngito' 
ne City to cash ip On 
nung transfer market 
qjtbe big hang. 

■pis to rally during the 
each time prices perked 
bcovery was crushed by 
ves of selling. - 
nmem stocks, at one 
vn as much as £l did 
a rally, finishing with 

1 per cent base rate 
may not -be enough to 

bloodbath. .Minhs signs ex- 
tended- info double' figures 1 
although a '&w of the hard hit' 
tstoanhsE -managed to struggle off 
-their low points. 

. . .Distillers Co, on the clear- 
ance of the Axgtfl Group bid, 
.achieved a 2lp .gain at 526p. 
Another FT 30 constituent 
which helped cushion the index 

Bcspak lost a further flp to lOOp 
'• oh mrthcr consideration of its 
profits warning. 

Associated Newspapers rose 
45p to 97 Op on its results. The 
related Daily Mail & General 
Trust l A' slimes improved 100p 
■To£13l50jil ■ ' 

Unigate, the food group, 
continued to reflect Hfflsdown 

Guinness's traditional dominance of tire Hrftwh stunt is 

nwter attack from Rothmaha International, the tobacco group, and 
Hefoeken, the' Dutch brewing group. A number of regional 
breweries are; selling Beamish Jrteti stout (brewed by Beamish & 
Crawford of Chile, , a Rothmans* subsidhiry) and in some cases 
draught. GninnesS has been removed from -pubs. Murphy’s stout, 
also brewed at Cork and haded by HeSneken, is bong pushed 
increasingly. Guinness, which last year .imp ro ved its draught stout 
•aliabyo par cent, AD 4p to299p yesterday. 

fall was Thorn RMQL up 8 p to 
.41 7p on its interim: SgaLtoes and 
subsequent analysis ■ meeting. 

■ Mr Robert Holmes a Court, the 
Australian entrepreneur who 
once had about 4 per cent of the 
group, has, it seems, reduced his 
staktlo a- near nominal - 110,000 
shares. _ ' 

Horizon Travel, where’ the 
Bass brewing group has 29 per- 
cent, was unchanged ai l 00 p as 
Australian based financier -Me. . 
' Rod Bnerley disclosed a 53 per 
It^trsbdrehcddingi-He has been - 
stake building for about three 
months. Grand Metropolitan 
has about 4 per cent of the 
equity. . 

A few regional breweries 
progressed on takeover hopes, 
strengthened by the Distillers 
bid clearance. Van* Breweries 
rose atfurther, I 8 p to 388p. But 
Whitbread, as rumours circu- 
lated more problems on its 
. Antenc^n side, fen 9pto 240p. 
Insurances were hard hit. 

E » 

Holdings bid hopes, rising 3p to 

Floyd' OQ, which has £4 
million in the bank, has 
racoon tered nil in three more 
East Midland wells. The shares 
-were unchanged at 53pi 
/■ Food manufectuxers were left 
looking slimmer after the sector 
-came on for selling pressure 
A Yana was 7p down at 572p 
with Berisfords coining back 8 p 
at--149p. -Elsewhere Cadbury- 
Schweppes, also- suffering from 
fading bid hopes, gave tip 4p at 
I49p. Dalgety .was marked I Op 
lower at 220p. Northern Foods 
surrendered op at 276p. 

A broker’s caution on Julia- 
na's, the disco teque operators 
which has warned of a p ro fit 
-setback this year, prompted a Sp 
markdown in the price at 66 p. 

C ombined Techno logies 
Corportation, which is engaged 
in a number of speculative high- 
tech ventures, held steady at 
1 lp after TournesoL, the Bermu- 


GEC joins 
French to 
make low 
cost chips 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

GEC and the French elec- 
tronics company, Thomson, 
have joined forces in a Euro- 
pean collaboration to develop 
and manufacture cheap com- 
plex microchips. 

The partnership, which will 
involve about 200 high-grade 
designers and technical staff, 
will begin immediately. 

Mr Derek Roberts, joint 
deputy managing director (tech- 
nical) at GEC, said: “We expect 
10 get positive benefits over the 
next two to three years”. 

The project is the initiative of 
the French company. Talks 
began about three months ago 
Philips of Holland and 
Siemens of Germany were also 
invited to join. The invitation is 
still open to them but only GEC 
has accepted so far. 

The collaboration is the 


IV .J .TH'nT. nf 

French Kier, the construction 
group. Acceptances coupled 
with shares picked up on the 
market enabled Beazer shares 
were 4p off at 462p while 
.French Kier closed at 282p, 
down lp on the day. 

Goal Petroleum leaped I Op to 
50p in oils after leading 
shareholders - Morgan Grenfell 
.and Energy Recovery Invest- 
ment Coporation - unveiled 
plans to seD their 41 per cent 
holdings thereby posing the 
possibility of a mil takeover 

Plans by Egypt to cut the 
price of its crude oil unsettled 
the sector. BP fell 8 p to 540p 
while Britoil came 2p off the top 

at J98p. Bnr mah lost some 

ground before recovery un- 
changed at 285p. Trkentroi 
made' some headway before 
finishing 1 p down at 1 30p. 

Vafin Rouen, the public re- 
lations group, has increased 
profits by 87 per emu to £1.1 
million and could achieve £1.7 
million this year after goodwill 
payments, its broker James 
Cape! & Co believe. There is a 
2-for-one scrip issne._ The . 
shares fell 20 p to 480p. 
Meanwhile, one of VP's latest 
clients, the Stock Exchange, 
announced the launch of a 
co mmu n icati ons programme 
about the big bang, more good 
new for VP. 

Crystalate, the electronics 
group, went against the trend. 
The shares shot up 15p to 156p 
although they have fallen from 
240p at one stage last year. The 
company has suffered from a 
severe squeeze on its profit 
margins as its big customer. 

) Ti ■M iW «J f 4 ■ ) 1 1 IW-Th \ < [-{• 

i r .~-S f-T ? 



i Vti" 




» r-T»-sz— i »-« w * ' i- 

Bank of Scotland 
Base Rate 

Bank of Scotland 
announces that, 
with effect from 
1th January, 1986 
its Base Rate will be 
increased from 
1 150% per annum to 
; 12.50% per annum 

Jobs optimism as Chancellor 
sees more agreement on pay 

- By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Bullish forecasts about the 
number of new jobs likely to be 
created in Britain in the next 
few years have been issued by 
industrial employers and the 
National Ecomonic Develop- 
ment Office. 

While the TUC still believes 
the Government and the Con- 
federation of British Industry 
are placing too much emphasis 
on the effect of pay increases on 
competitiveness, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, is convinced that 
the gap between the Govern- 
ment and the unions is closing. 

He told- this week's meeting 
of the National Economic 
Development Council that the 
differ ence between the members 
of the council on pay were 
considerably less than they bad 
once been. 

But the CBI, through its 
director general Sir Terence 
Beckett, said the unions had not 
yet appreciated the crucial 
nature of UK competitiveness 
against other countries. .While 
unit labour costs had improved 
they were still too high in 
international terms, he told the 
council meeting. 

- Given a 3 per cent : rise in 
gross domestic product this 
year; there could be up to 
460,000 jobs created in 1986 
and 1987, Sir Terence sakLTwo 
per cent of the GDP rise would 
come from increased pro- 




Sir Terence Beckett: 
concern on labour costs 

ductrvity, which mean; employ- 
ment must grow by 1 per cent m 
each of the two years for the 
forecast to come true. 

The CBI is keen to see a big 
reduction in overtime as a spur 
to increased jobs. Sir Terence is 
also urging his members not to 
be too fussy about accepting 
applicants for jobs. The increase 
in unfilled vacancies indicates 
that employers might be too 
rigid in their employment 
criteria, he says. 

Mr John Cassels, the Nedo 
director general, has drawn up a 
progress report on the council's 
programme aimed at identify- 
ing where the new jobs will 
come from. He says that 
unemployment has levelled off 
at 3.2 million and that the total 

SB i 

John Cassels: 
report on new jobs 

employed labour force has been 
growing at about 10,000 a 

He agrees that given the 3 per 
cent GDP rise, the number of 
jobless might fell significantly 
this year. This cannot be taken 
as evidence that a sustained 
reduction of between 100,000 
and 200,000 a year for several 
years is yet in sight, be says. 

On the pay and competitive- 
ness issue, Mr Lawson this week 
applauded the stand taken by 
Sir Terence at the CBTs annual 
conference in saying his mem- 
bers should pay “nowt for 
nowt”. The CBI is studying pay 
settlements since the November 
conference and will repent its 
findings to the April NEDC 

With effect from 
Friday, 10th January, 1986 
Base Rate changes 
from 11*50% to 12*50% 

Deposit rates wfflbecome: ; 

t ’ GROSS - . NET 

Intert^t ptidhal£-yearly INTEREST ■ INTEREST 

7 days notice ' -8‘70% •. & 50 % 

I months notice -9 03% - 6 - 75 % 

TopTrer£i500f . 12-06% .>01% 

Demand for oil ‘still falling 9 


By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

World demand fin* oil is still 
foiling, despite a marginal 
increase in output last month by 
members of the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Countries, 
according to figures today 
from the International Energy 

Oil consumption in the 
industrially developed nations 
during the . third quarter of last 
year fen by. 1-3 per cent, 
compared with the same period 
the year before. " 

This, come : »fw fair* in 
dfl-miind of 2 per cent in the first 
quarter of last year and 3.5 per 
cent in the second quarter rad 
although initial, estimates of 
an increase in o3 -consumption 
of 0.5 per cent by the non- 
Cdnmnmist consumers, in the 
last quarter of the year appear 
to oner some comfort for the 
Opec producer^ it has been 
suggested that increased- con- 
sumption also includes substan- 
tial addition to stocks. 

The IEA estimates that 47.6 
milli on barrels a day axe bring 
consumed by the industrialized 







teased on first hah) 

- 0.2 


- 2.0 


+ 0.2 



- 2.6 



+ 1.6 




- 1.0 

+ 0.1 






+ 2.6 

- 0.1 


- 1.2 






- 8.0 




+ 1.0 


- 1.0 












Energy requirements In the OECD: % change 

North America -3.0 -2 

Europe -3.0 -2 

Pacific -4.5 -1 

Coal +S-9 +1 

Natural gas -1.2 -1 

011 -8.0 -7 

Nuclear —1.0 +18 

Hydro-solar-wind +6.2 +C 

Sou rce: International Energy Agency 

nations, with Opec, which once 
supplied 60 per cent of the 
world's total oil needs, produc- 
ing about 18 million barrels 
OH companies in the indus- , 
tialised world, according to the. : 
IEA, are now holding stocks i 
equal to 73 days’ consumption : 
at present levels rad when : 
government-held stocks are 
added this kvd increases to 94 

It is widely felt in the 
industry that that fevd could be 
almost doubled by simple 
rationing and conservation 
measures and shows how 

ineffective ray cot back in 
production by Opec could be in 
the short-term. 

Coal gas and nuclear power 
are taking a larger share of the 
market, while overall' energy 
demand during 1984 in the 
industrialized nations rose by 
2.4 per cent in North America, 
1.6 per cent m Europe and 83 
per cent in the Pacific region. 

Overall, oil is now providing 
about 40 per cent of the non- 
Communist world’s energy 
needs, compared with more 
than 50 per cent in 1979, 

02 price fears, page 19 



Thom EMI begins bridge 
building with the City 

Derek Roberts: expects 

benefits within three years 

second between the two com- 

Silicon chips design falls into 
three broad categories: the 
mass-produced memory sector, 
custom-made microchips and 
the semi-custom-made chip 
market. The GEC-Thomson 
alliance will attempt to revolu- 
tionize the methods for semi- 
custom microchip design. 

According to GEC, the 
market for these specific silicon 
integrated circuits is growing 
rapidly in size and in strategic 
importance to the electronics 
and telecommunications indus- 
try. This growth has been based 
on the need for a quick 
turnaround. Present methods 
are capable of producing chips 
of only limited complexity and ! 

The production and design 
process is a relatively long one 
and costs are consequently high. 

The GEC-Thomson collabo- 
ration will if successful produce 
its new chips at a fraction of the 

There was a refreshing honesty 
in the way that Sir Graham 
WJIkins bared Thom EMFs 
soul yesterday. Given the 
enormous problems which 
have beset the company it was 
perhaps the only sensible 
course of action. By promising 
nothing and revealing all be 
has begun to rebuild some of 
the bridges with the City which 
were burnt earlier. 

Pretax profits for the six 
months to September 30 at 
£11.4 million, down from 
£40.2 million, were not as bad 
as some had expected. Al- 
though this may not constitute 
light at the end of the tunnel, at 
least Thorn has found the 

Until the company has got 
its borrowings firmly under 
control, Thorn is bound to be 
hampered by the constraints of 
running the business for cash. 
Net the half-year 
of £440.5 million were up by 
£14.6 million and will be, pre 
disposals, at about £480 mil- 
lion mark at the year end. 

Even after deducting £150 
million to be raised from the 
sale of the screen entertain- 
ments division and other 
activities, gearing will still be 
far from comfortable,..^. ■ 

There is no doubt that 
Thorn is attacking the cash 
problems but the measures 
taken are a serious indictment 
of the past. 

Given some of the creaking 
inefficiencies in the Thorn 
empire, it is remarkable that it 
has survived at all as a group 
making a profit. For instance, 
it did not know the profit 
margins made on individual 
television products, it had 350 
trading subsidiaries in Britain 
alone; and it bad six insurance 
brokers in France. These and 
other weaknesses are being 
dealt with but without the 
products and the marketing 
this work is not a cure. The 
most comforting indication of 
progress to date is the com- 
pany’s forecast of second-half 
trading profits about the same 
as last year. 

tamos is still a source of 
some concern and much of the 
prospects for the technology 
division' are tied to Thom's 
ability to reduce its interest 
there’ It cannot afford the cash 
investment which is needed to 
develop tamos and there must 
be some doubts about the 
wisdom of retaining any 
further interest in it. . ■ 

Thom shares had an erratic 
day. rising then felling before 
recovering again to dose at 

Small firms 
6 fail to 
seek advice’ 

By Teresa Poole 

Too many entrepreneurs fail 
in business because they do not 
seek advice before setting up 
ventures, Mr David Trippier, 
the minister responsible for 
small businesses, said yesterday. 

He said: ‘’There are still far 
too many who are not seeking 
advice either from enterprise 
agencies or the small firms 
service. Then after about six 
months they go down the pan, 
taking others with them .* 1 

More than 300 local enter- 
prise agencies are now offering 
help to small businessmen rad 
government backing for them 
has been raised to £2.5 million. 
The Department of Employ- 
ment claims that the failure rate 
for new businesses which have 
accepted help from an agency is 
one in 12 compared with one in 
three for all new companies 
after three years. 

At the launch of an action kit 
designed for business. counsel- 
lors by the Macclesfield Enter- 
prise Agency. Mr Trippier raid 
it was up to the agencies to sell 
themslves so that by the end of 
this year all small businessmen 
would be aware of their local 

Of the 856 businesses helped 
by the Macclesfield agency in its 
first three years, 44 per cent 
were described as growing, 
stable, or as a start-tip success. 
The rest were either at an early 
stage, struggling, had decided 
not to start, or had gone under. 

Meanwhile, two of Britains* 
small business lobby groups 
yesterday urged Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor, to use 
the proceeds of privatization to 
reduce taxes in his next Budget 
The Insttane of Director rad 
the Association of Independent 
Businesses also want to see an 
integrated tax and national 
insurance system and the 
raising of the VAT threshold 
from £19,500 to £50,000. 




ABN Bank 12! 

Adam & Company __ ill 

BCQ - 121 

■Citibank Savings t 121 

Consolidated Otis — . 121 

Continental Trust 121 

Co-operative Bank 121 

GBoarc&Co 121 

Lloyds Bank 121 

Nat Westminster — — . 121 
Royal Bank Scotland* 121 

TSB 121 

Citibank NA - 121 

t Mortgage Base Rate 

417p up 8 pw Given the state of 
the market the improvement 
suggests revived confidence in 
the company. With takeover 
talk rumbling away, this is no 
lime to be selling. 



The potential of Associated 
Newspapers is breathtaking. 

In the year to September, it 
managed to raise trading 
profits by 64 per cent to £30.9 
million and pretax profit by 79 
per cent to £41.9 million, 
allowing for helpful accounting 
changes announced at the half- 
way stage. Yet in that year, the 
group's oil profits retreated 
from £9 milli on to £ 6.8 million 
and its national newspapers 
probably still made a combined 
loss Of Up to £9 milli on, 
according to the pioneering 
analysis by the stockbrokers, 
Henderson Crosthwaite. 

The newspaper and maga- 
zine -division however, was 
certainly the engine of that 
advance, turning in £ 20.8 
million against £6.7 million. 
Despite the cost of disputes, 
provincial chain, Northdiffe 
Newspapers, will have pro- 
vided the steady bulk of profits 
(there is no breakdown) with 
the improvement coming from 
drastically reduced losses at the 
Mai! on Sunday and a boost to 
profits of the American maga- 
zine division. 

Elsewhere the ragbag of 
other interest and investments 
- anything from taxicabs to 
opinion polls and property - 
nearly doubled their contri- 
bution to £14.3 million. As- 
sociated shares, up 45p to 
970p, sell at 12.7 times historic 
earnings of 76.2 pence, up 37 
per cent. 

The share price rise probably 
owes more to the simultaneous 
ihrec-for-one scrip issue and 
the 2 p rise in final dividend, 
leavingthe year's total up 3p to 
17p. That probably explains 
the more spectacular £1.50 rise 
to £13.50 in the A shares of 
Daily Mail & General Trust, 
whose near half-share in 
Associated is matched by 
portfolio investments. 

DMGT is traditionally the 
cautious way into Associated, 
but is caution needed? Hender- 
son Crosthwaite is sticking, for 
a moment, to its £54 million 
forecast for current year profits 
which would leave Associates 
selling' less than JO times- 

The potential remains. On 

the ail side, contract gas 
from the new Esmond develop- 
ment could swing profits back 
up to £12 or £13 million. On 
newspapers, the move to 
docklands and new technology 
has been brouaht forward 

Meanwhile, however, the 
seven-day Mail and the Lon- 
don Standard, -now fully-owned 
by Associated, would bear the 
brunt of new low-cost compe- 
tition from Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch’s London Past and Mr 
Eddy Shah’s colourful Today, 
both still scheduled to start m 
the spring. 

Electronic Rentals 

Electronic Rentals is struggling 
valiantly to push profits higher. 
It has increased its shares of 
the declining market for rented 
television sets and videos, but 
its efforts have yet to be 
rewarded. The waiting could 
stretch shareholders' patience. 

Yesterday's interim results, 
confirming the £7.7 million 
profit forecast made at the time 
of the acquisition of Carousel, 
showed a slight increase from 
£7.5 million. 

But this was more apparent 
than real, as the two sets of 
figures are drawn up on 
different accounting principles. 
The latest results use average 
exchange rates whereas the 
previous ones use period-end 
rates, so they are not truly 
comparable. Had the previous 
set been restated the absence of 
growth would have been more 

The attempt to shore tip 
profits by acquisitions has not 
yet brought the desired result, 
though the second half will 
benefit from the inclusion of 
Carousel for a frill six months. 

Telefusion, acquired in : 
November, will, however, 
contribute a loss. 

Meanwhile, borrowings have i 
been pushed upwarbds. At the ' 
half-year stage they stood at 
£74 million but up to £7 
million cash has gone out since ; 
then in part payment for 
Telefusion. At least some of. 
this increase should have been 
wiped out before the year-end 

Shareholders will have to 
wait until July for the exact 
picture, as the company has 
warned that the final results 
will be delayed because of the 
accounting workload 

This sounds ominous, but 
the company rays there is no 
cause for anxiety. Even so the 
shares.; have little to rec- 
ommend them apart from a 10 
per cent yield. 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic 

Base Rate 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 
announces that with effect 
from dose of business 
on 9 January 1986 
its Base Rate for advances 
will be increased from 
11%% to 12%% per annum. 

Hn Byal Bank cr8eodsad.l<gtac re J OBkm » ft. Aadmr SqumEttdnqfh EHX «B 
bgtem) to Beettad No. SU12. 

Hill Samuel 

Base Rate 

With effect from the close of business 
on 10th January, 1986, Hill Samuel's 
Base Rate for lending will be 
increased from 
1 1 .5% to 1 2.5% per annum. 
Depositors not liable to deduction 
for basic rate tax 
8.75% per annum gross. 
Depositors liable to deduction 
for basic rate tax 
6.54% per annum net 
9.34% per annum gross equivalent 
Interest to be paid quarterly and 
rates are subject to variation. 

(fill Samud&Ca Limited 

100 Wbod Street London EC2P2AJ. 
T&ephone: 0T-628 8011 



BUSINESS TO BUSINESS g 01-278 1526 or 857 1099 

s “7 icc ?? ““*** business skills to 
oonmiBnitj organizations. As part of 
^^ 5 dl caJtion'’ to secondment, it 
workshops to educate 
ab«t the benefits of 


a decade ago and has seen the practice 


When second 
can be best 

become widespread. Up to $00 people 
from industry are on secondment to 
the co mmuni ty at any' one time, 
working for enterprise agencies, 
charities and community projects, hot 
demand is now greater than supply. 

To encourage companies to make 

staff available,' ARC is emphasizing 
the mutual benefits of secondment. Its 
marketing manager, Pieter Warwick, 
himself on a two-year secondment 
from Legal & General, describes 
secondment as “enlightened self-inter- 
est". It can. offer greater e xperience 
and training opportonites for staff arid 
can form part ■ of a wider pnbUc- 
relatkms exercise with the local 

• Contact: Peter Warwick. ARC. 
Henrietta House. 9 Henrietta Place. 
London W1M 9AG (tel: 629 3826/7). 

9 out of 10 of our 
entrepreneurs succeed 


A break with Beethoven 

By Teresa Poole 

Forget pop videos. What about 
videos of classical music? Not films 
of orchestras, but sequences of film 
or animation specially edited to 
popular classical tunes. 

This was the think*«g when 
Andrew Moore and three friends 
decided a -year ago to set up a small 
film co-operative company, aiming 
to devise a low-budget product for 
which there appeared to be a 
growing market 

Ragingwater Productions, based 
in New Oxford Street London, hit 
on the idea of making three-minute 
films to music to fill in breaks 
between television programmes. 
The plan was to cater for the 
growing number of cable television 
stations, but the films were also 
immediately popular with big 
national broadcasting organizations. 

With the help of a £25^000 loan 
from the London Co-operative 
Enterprise Board, received in Feb- 
ruary this year, Ragingwater made 
12 classical-music videos in six 
weeks for the international broad- 
casting festival in Cannes last April. 
None of the co-operative members 
had previously been involved in 
marketing a product internationally. 
Mr Moore said; "We just had to 
throw ourselves in at the deep end. 
We were lucky - the films were very 


Vv‘- ’ ■ 

■ - •- . -.•* - ' 

' ■ v ‘ V 


Cash in the classics: Andrew Moore, left, and Adrin Neatrour 

‘I suppose I might as well make my 
usual resolution - to take a holiday 
this year' 

Ten countries said they would 
definitely buy. In its first nine months 
about three-quarters of Ragingwater's 
£60,000 turnover has gone abroad, to 
television stations in Europe and the 
US. In this country ITV companies 
and BBC Belfast are using the films. 
In one case thev are actually built into ■ 
the programme schedules before the 
religious slot on Sundays. 

Ragingwater uses pieces of music 
which are out of copyright, then buys 
film from independent producers and 
shoots original material. So far 24 
films have been made and ail money 
ploughed back into new productions. 

For Mahler’s Fifth Symphony there 
is a dance sequence, filmed on a 
snowy beach in Yorkshire last March. 
For Vivaldi's Four Seasons, played on 


B 77jq SmaB Business Action K/fwas 
inched yesterday, based on 1.500 
business counselling Interviews carried 
out by Its four authors whHe seconded to 
Macclesfield Business Ventures, at the 
Macclesfield Enterprise Agency. It is 
designed tor use by business men and 
women in collaboration with their advisers 
and consists of a series of checklists, 
worksheets, Flow charts and summaries 
covering an the subjects arising from 
starting and running a small business. 

The lot is also aimed at counsellors In the 
Small Firms Service, the clearing banks 
and accountancy practices. 

The kit is published by Kogan Page at 

H British businesses are proving shy 
about sharing the secrets of their export 
success despite the chance of winning a 
seven-day, expenses-paid trip to the US. 

seven-day, expenses-paid trip to the US. 
Fewer than 20 entries have been received 
for the competition to find the Air Exporter 
of the Year so the closing date has been 

a synthesizer, Ragingwater made a 
brightly C&loured abstract anim ation. 

There are also filma for pieces by 
Chopin, Beethoven, Dvorak ana 
some contemporary composers. 

Are those composers mining in 
their graves at this new art form? "1 
think some of them would have 
enjoyed it," said Aetna Neatrour, the 
film director at Ragingwater. "Chopin 
would have dug it, Dvorak would 
have been a bit frizzly about it, but 
Satie would have liked to see 
something a bit wilder." 

Sales are likely to double this year, 
so Ragingwater needs more finances 
to expand. It has applied for a 1 
marketing grant of £2,000 from 
Camden council to spend on promot- 
ing business in the US. 

extended to the end of January. Entrants 
must write 500 words on how the use of 

If you’re planning - right now - to start your 
own business, you'll be aiming for success and 

With the MSC’s help in setting up, your odds 
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Our New Enterprise Programme, held at 
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We are looking for potential entrepreneurs 
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You’ll fit the bill as a candidate for this 
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•professional advice and guidance from 
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•useful business contacts. 

We are recruiting NOW for Programmes 
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This is an equal opportunities Programme where 
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] FREEPOST, Sheffield SI 4BR. j 

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Bureau and Air Cargo News International. 
The chairman of the Small Business 
Bureau. MP Michael Gryfls, sand: "These 
businessmen have invaluable experience 
which we would Tike them to share with 
other small businesses and, for that 
reason, I urge them to make the smaH 
effort required to enter our competition." 
• Contact Suzanne James. 59 Russell 
Square, London WC1B4HJ (tot. 631 

S | Allied Business Consultants and 
an Chester Enterprise Club are 
developing a Small Business 
Development Programme sponsored by 
the Manpower Services Commission. 
Experienced business people and 
professional advisers will be on hand one 
evening a week for 10 weeks from 
January 21 to help expanding companies. 
• Contact Susan Pepper (tel: 061-368 



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SJt list Management Ltd, 

SJL House. 

ChBden St, London SE8 SJT. 





Ml mantas at aM ts ■ steutvy talT- 
ytartf meting of tfa General Garni at to 
Unwary of a Andrew to ha heM to 
town CoOoge HA a Andrews on Sator- 
Siy HA Jaunt 1886 a 1 1 DO am. 

Agenda man an anbttc on raped Iran 
OK CM red Rogtstrv, Coflagt 8 He, a 
Am mo. Tbfqwtt w dod ns dab it nfltw 
nomMm procatat for e tortMn ut two 
useum to tf* IMvmty Cent to Sens 
tor four yore (ram July 1988. The dosing 
Ota ftKramtaana to 22nd tort 1SB5. 

Tte owing Wfl elect on saHtsor to to 
Coat to ssm eta Am 1988. Nona- 
nabom. signed by iprapMarred lemur 
may be wbnead to ttw CM Mora tbe 
msiWp nr oogr Im mads oraBy a too mta- 

Clerk and Ragbtiir 


commit «r 


DONE tor sole. Electronic 
iTXJ. Almost new. £1.600 
O+j. Contact Fane. 01-267 




new bee 
sales exser 
of perron w 


Export Af 
low COM 
Roms. Tell 

JPOfIIUbi ■ V tf you have 

In buslnere or have no 
fence you may be Hm type 
re rstantm- 0202 294898. 

rumWG COMPANY aceka 
lent/Dlstrttator far very 
ueoMtful small rwntture 
061-426 8248 avaninm- 





Pens, keyrings, lighters, T-shirts, etc, etc, printed to your 
requirements at highly competitive prices, free 30-page 
colour catalogue. 

Ring 8384 275995 (ssytinu) or write to: 

Howard Marketing, Freepost, Fefixstowe, Suffolk IP11 7BR 

(no stomp required) 



FACTORY BUILDMG OR WAREHOUSE. Cvcavefae zona 12km. tram listen. 
Good access, newly bus. Total arm 32J00 sqm Covered arm ftJUO aqjn. 
Ready to function with emergency tran etem w r . two 8m. loMbytaya and control 

Factory BUILD xa Mato ana. Oporto. Good mean, newly IxJL Total area 
11.000 sqjn. Covered arm 7.000 *q_ Indude* washrooms, offices, electrical In- 

11 .000 sqjtv Covered arm 7.000 sq_ Indude* washrooms, efi 
arHet lon and compr es sed afr. 

HOTEL COMPLEX Stoned «n ana of the beet beeches to the 

No 006040 of 19W 






NOTICE Is hrwwsMwi mar* Reckon 
vras on me 2 BUt November 198& 
presented to Her Majesty's Hfeh Court 
of Justice for ut* coannnaUoo of ate 

remctt qn of me *m« * 

named Company’ from SBO.ooOjOpoio 
nil By amceOtne dl the 1-020.000 
towed Ordinary SUerae. and eU me 
8.430.000 unissued Ordinary snares 

Ml of C8 each of die said Company. On 
the said redaction of capital taUno 
effect Die capital of the C om pany Is W 
be mer soe ed W 80.000.000 dollars In 
Hie currency of me Wtolj ffij S f 
America Owrrioarte r called “dnnare n 
by me creation af 1 0.000.000 Ordinary 
snores of 6 dollars each. The arnount 
by widen die Ume a cnrftai of B»e 
company Is proposed lo be reduced ts 
to be convened Inlo dollars andamrfied 
in paytno up m fun new Ordinary 
Shares of the company of 8 domra 

HOTEL COWLEX Stuated <*» an* of fha bast bsscties In ttn Aigarva. Covered 
area 1,200 sqjn. wm restaurant, snack bar and washroom. Office, own wafer 
wtmtT M irn en tPterit,lndtp*nd>WafeCtriC«lbadc-up.Qoodk i v asUi wia. 

LAND ALGARVE. Approved for bulkflng. Arm 3.100 sqjn. with 70m. frontage. 
300m. (ran ana ot the best beachmki the AJanrva. 

INDUSTRIAL LANS. 10 km. from Listen. Area 13,800 sqjn. Prefect approved. 
Good accaas, ground tovefled and fenoad. 

FACTORY BULmNCL 15 km. from Listen. Good axm, newty bust Tofel am 
20.000 sqjn. Covered arm 3.600 sqm. includes washrooms, office*, efearical 
Instaft a tton and co m p re ss ed ta. 




T/O in excess of £900,000. Good profits. Many ongoing ser- 
vice and maintenance contracts. Good order book. T/O In 
1986 expected to be £1.1m or better. Based In the south of 

Reply Box 1266 R The Times 

Old Established 
Embroidery Company 
For Sale 

AD enquiries to 
Box No. 2489 L. 

lor nb to NW London arearnmiy 
Box 1264 Tbe Tiroes. 

7T» PresUge Profession 


Oparafe from ham*, pan of fUt-dmo. No capita nmefod. Barwflt from our 
a x pariwHfe advMng dams In 120 coumriw sfnea 1fl<3. 

FREE BROCHUK. No otagaUon. no risk. 

ANTHONY WADE (Consutants) LSI 
Dapt UKP1, P.O. BOX 9. Swindon. Wtttsrtrs. 


with an [mpressiva history showing tremendous potential Is seeking 
at least £50,000 capital injection to Eaclfitate national expansion by 
way of territorial licencing. No security available but a c om p eti tively 
high rata of aiterast wffl be offered. Genuine enquiries from principals 
only please. For business plan presentation, please write to 

Box No 2493 L The Times 



JM: • Cut you CeM monthly 

tfSbS subscription ctiaige by ^ 
more than half, from 

llliflivillll J I 


Far full details call 01-202 2322 ' 



CeSarn UriteaSUhertand House, 70-78 The Broatfrv^i London NVffl7BT 



from £99.50 inclusive 

Same-Day Caapany Services LM 
Bridge St, 181 Queen Victoria St, London, EC4 

Tel: 01-248 5616 

Rfep Oagyiy S—reh a i 


Areymrproflu flmead -by fmud. thoft, a mhawfem ont and staff fidofeyf Sacwity 
it an saaot^managatnant tool and ita bafeea are aoaiy mptaf . 

SKY SECURTTYinVTTBg youtoa ona-doy oo nf arenca rortndepar u feniteKnamw. 
Tooics vvil tnefude: 

* P re mtaa -ft- Pflr ton nel it Freud 
4 Thaftandpflfartng- * Conacuurcrena 1c Hwft of treda 
AB-incktava prioa ES6 plua VAT. Fcv corrfsrenco dnaAa oontaec 
Paul Stoughtar. Sfcy Ssourity. 

73 Southampbxi Row, London WC1B4ET 


fwfttiout your own money) 

As entrepreneur, vwfl vmM In ntwt mdc vosbes to Ban op tah cflata, UMdutit or Anns, 
■to itrmjy tarn ngert trad* nr ai itraa^f to R M an use nm Mot, bo* Mod, Arana « 

S t Hen aa Intani tab nm m 

w yooirapre w ntaw gfei npMMmt u ny.mcottaU aid ftJaf tan. rage now pat 
of Dn toww jauMp nm bat yoaramptoyew dent tool ■ know: Otar vray. plan onto to v 
The Advertiser, 
metunond House, The CBrob, 

Chorieywood, Herts. 



Converted to fully 
equipped restaurant 
(other uses possWe) 128 
ft x IB It, 120 HP Bau- 
dottin engine. 

Suit riverbank or marina. 

£75,000 o-no. 

Tel (0580) 73883 



Freehold land Vh acres with 
planning houses ard flats 
phis Georgian mansion. 
9,000 sq ft, suitable w-vsing/ 
sheltered hone, flas. etc. 
Usual grants available, situ- 
ated parkland setenc Shef- 
field, adjacent mato Wpitsl 
and colie^, tremendous 
opportunity, E98.00C, ex- 
change Rolls-Royce etc. 

TEL: 0742 303934 

Up to 100% for Stock safes, or 
purchase finance cnabtinj you to 
Biunre expansion program*, 
exploit marteting opponunitks. 
ovaeomc cash flfew problems or 
difficult periods. 

Details and prospectus fihm: 

Stock ft Defct«»s Fbuoe Ud 
50 Pan MaHLf fiwton. SWIY 9PF I 
! Tet 01-930 D 113 Trier S9SW24 

BOURNEMOUTH. Town emit dwrl- 
remtent site opp Otoe 4 bedroom 
mwnlMUM Mus 2 Hits plus 
rnnuttafttneal af adauna buUeuira 
Into 5.&00-&.000 sa n or africe oc- 
eogmtodoBoit C37&.00C OCOC 

DIRECTOR with vary mcceUrut 
ntlanal recent am/iikrdc 
HKxaonMp nmlnkced at contorotu. 
malar cnanaea. public conaany 
Ikrvcl now available la candderLdd 
Ittotnl wuuwwN p i rund ratona 
nrolects. Box No. 12A3R. The Times. 

hotel, industry satos and raart uiti 
ccmsultanar oe uon u nH y. oflioing 
services for repraentattan. rm 
irstlam and recrultmem ihecomfeny 
holds many valuable contracts. Par- 
ttea tnterestnl In purdiasma OH 4y 
Baa NO. 1281 R. The Tfean. 

lates t worldwide Ucrminq Men: 
TTL Dent TA. IS Sdvace Lkne. 
London NW7 SSS lOl -955 &600lj 

cash, seeks active nartnmlUB iru, ■ 
minq tnmk P f rod. Box No 24M L. 
TAeT Imos, . 1 

8ETBIB) dtanerad Engineer vun 

earn WEEKLY. Spare time iA 



Nstds i psrtonsMp V tataow ta nrter ■ 


smntffr - (taring, taas, mriaflng. 
Weakness is or Dm nanagstunVaSmi- 

■■ . h M iiUl— to 

GenuiM rapba only ptone Bar No. 2495 
Lite firm. 


far small but dynamic private finance 
business. Currant profits protected in 
excess of £150,000 and rising rapldy. 

Up tn 50% participation invited. 

TeL 8938 27239 


01-580 1272 


Associated Lancashire Schools Examining Board. Joint Matriculation 
Board. North Regional Examinations Board. North West Regional 
Examination Board. Yorkshire and Humberside Regional Examination 


The NEA Is inviting proposals for a major computing system to support its GCSE 
examinations, which will be oonucted for the first time in 1988. 

The system should be folly compatible with existing IBM equipment and will constat of 
a network involving one central site in Manchester and remote sites located n 
Harrogate, Manchester (two), Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Salford and Sheffield. It is 
anticipated that the system will utiise advanced data handing and enquiry language 
facrftttes to support the complex administration and processing of 1.6 million subject 
entries from 335,000 candidates at 3,800 centres. Implementation of the first phase of 
the system must commence by December, 1986. 

The successful supplier wilt be required to take full responsibility for both hardware 
and software, and work closely with the Boards' staffs In developing the suite of 
programs necessary to nm the NEA's examination system. 

Organisations wishing to submit proposals should submit a request for a Statement cf 
Requirements to the address below by no tartar than Friday, 24th January, 1986. 

The Secretary, 

Yorkshire and Humberside Regional Examinations Board, 

Scaredale House, 

136 Derbyshire Lane, 





TM ««» a oyorP aocmbf 19«S 


No. 007430 Of 1988 


(Por Mr Jutac* Hoffman) 

The Ife day of December 1988 

wTHE P*sssr 


Unusual Business Opportunity 


E»dflng Dpparnjra&aa id •*■ and premafe PMp* produefe to rettel outfets. 

Protect renga Induda Dry Cta Battarias. MoW Bufcs. Tarcfraa, Smafl BKtrtori 

AopBancOT and many Mtare. 

lira UK battery marital we ta approx £200m In T98S. 

a iwkmk ta raat ma nt to raaolred tor u nHng, d feirt b mim i and backup 

monagamant by Now ProdUB Pn»nottan« Lid. 

Apply ms 

Solas Director 

Now Product PraantianUd. 

228 TaignmMth (feud, Torquay, DuvnTQI (RX. 

TaWptoaw (0MB) 33898/9 


Period and reproduction: Ped- 
estal desks. Partners desk*. 
v /rilins tables,. Davenports and 
• Dedcs chairs. 
raiaiial Catien WdCMW 
Umc DofeT Dept 3-l-M 
“* Ouudi Street Lsndn NWf 
TdeUaoa; 91-723 797S 


(Off Edgware Road) 

No 'Premium, 24br. accciM. 
Prestige fum. carpeted offices 
with phone + ih. from C70pv 
■Q incL ehon/laaf; term. 
Parking todUties. 

- 01-839 4808 

gg-j? 9?*L.agr® 



requires distributors for 
UK, Europe and U.S A. 
041-775 2221 


No Premium 

Pretaga fran' carpet showroom/ 
affleas al tedwlre with phono + 
T/X. knrad aval. Shorvtong torm. 
Parking tacBUaa. 

From £75 pw 


from afl area*, to nfl our popu- 
lar range of computer games 
throughout UK as-ona In every 
three homes has a home com- 
puter.- Eamtnga potential in 
wce» at £15,000 par annum. 
For firtwr. datnlb, ring 0443 
229444 office houra- 


STOCK of primal red pfan dfed 
req on gafyaaBrcattBi tod rtora- 
tol' M anyto aya red cakxrLMM- 
utm SO milnn^ iuddboi 
ante 150 torins. Snf ut or al 
at QdfrVTntfcVSwtftil KB,' 
6raretad Rred. COUIE. Ires. Ata 
■ I K ta ttefle r «d Bradford, Tta- 
ptan 0282886500. 

from a briefcase 

Telephone (Cellnbz), Telex A 
Telefax, Ekoronic Mail sod 
Compmer POirer. Portable Video 
& Presentation Equipment. 


ON 0734 733523 
1 : 271 PfieeMReRide 
Wakfoghuo Beritarire 


Our Telephone Sales Team 
offer "their expertise in all 
forms of marketing to meet 
your specific requirements. 


if you have considered open- 
ing a nightclub, wine ter or 
restaurant but are put off by 
the comp Seated procedure 
contact us nowon 




ad confer Mv tarec g tanM tar 
both Km amateur 4 mfetaota. Htag cr 

TS Ire Bridal M 





Ooods al ovary drealpt i on. 
Radundent srivas* end frortnupt 
■tods, surplus to requ fr wmanfe. 
Larga or ama* quandSM. 

Phone 03708 7351 or 

Coanetics. toiletries, household 
goods, stationary etc . . . 

Overstocked? Don't worry. Torn 

that, cruft in In immediate red' 
We’re One of the UKs largest stock 
buyers. Our team can give you 
immediate rta'dn nc and 
payment. Call Famous Brands Ltd 
on 0533 830911 
(24 hour ansafone service) 


YIELD 12.25% 

Manchester and Btoffintetam 
suburbs. Shop Investments let 
on FRJ teases. 

Price £18,000- £30,000. 
Anthony Meltzer & Company, 
338a Ftegente Park Rd Richiey 

Tet 01-348 4949 

from £1,295 

Are you getting the most from your micro? Informed ad/ice 
on low cost upgrades, communication systems and laser 

Call 01-724 2156 


Enhance your 


• . . with, bricks & mortar 

Add this outstanding, capital-growth 
investment to your portfolio now 

The advantage: it’s bached by residential 
proper^ with its excellent track record of 
reliability and gr o wth. 

A single mvestme'nt of £8,900 buys a long 
leasehold reversion. After 7 yeaza, you can 
expect a return of over £3,000 a year 
Availability is limited; send for 
detai ls now. 


Estate Agents and Surveyors since 1830 
Dept LH2/INV FREEPOST London StfoA 1BR. 

01-493 8222 

■raLDuae otd pfem, 







Jakarta (Reuter) - World, col 
prices could collapse this year 
u nless non-Opcc ' . producers 
refrain from increasing their 
output to fell capacity, the 
Indonesian * o3 minister . Dr 
Subroto told itjxtFto-s. - 
World oD consumption .this 
year, he said, would remain 
stable at last yeafs level of 46.3 
million bar rels a day, but 
combined output capacity of 
noo-Opec . producers . : would 
increase to 30.9 minion, barrels 
a day from 30.1 millioiL - 
The world oil maikeVrhe 
said, would be stable if non- 
Opec producers cooperated 
with Opec on marketing, which 
meant raising, output by no 
more than .400,000 barrels a . 
day. half the potential increase, 
so Opec production need hot 
fall from its J 6 million barrels a 
day. . 

Dr Subroto said analysis by 
oil experts had shown that there 
were three possible directions 
for oil prices this year. • 

Oil prices, he said, could 
remain stable at berwcen S26 
and S27 a barrel, they could 
drop by Si and $2 or they could 

Subroto: consumption to 
• s 1 remain stable 

collapse jf Opec aod-non-Opec 
Producers competed far market 
share by cutting- prices. The 
second " possibility ‘.was more 
likely if non-Opa: producers 
cooperated he ; said. ' ' “ ' 

pr^ubroto added: “The best 
for ffie-. world is if there is 
-Stability- because .falling prices 
store the seed. of. soaring' prices 
xn.the future. Remember, price 
fluctuation benefits no one.” 

Pretoria debt mediator 
to start crisis talks 

Johannesburg (Agencies) - 
South Africans debt crisis 
mediator. Dr Fritz Leutwiler, is 
due in 'Pretoria today tor-talks 
with political leaders. -■ 

Official sources said Dr 
Leutwiler, a former governor of 
the Swiss National Bank, was 
due to meet Foreign .Minister, 
Mr Pik Botha, today . in 
Pretoria. He would also meet 
the finance minister, Mr Ba rend 
du Plessis, and possibly Presi- 
dent P. W. Botha. 

Dr Leutwiler is to mediate 
between Sooth Africa' and its 
creditor banks after -Pretoria 
froze repayment of about S24 
billion of foreign debt. One key 
point to be discussed is a date 

for .another' meeting between 
Pretoria and the banks. . 

Dr Leutwiler has .told . the 
Zurich Daily,. Tages-Anzeiger, 
that he was - disappointed the 
political climate had worsened 
and said commercial hank 
creditors were finding it increas- 
ingly difficult to deal with the 
crisis. / ‘ 1 

• Brazil's finance : minister, 
Senhor. Dilson Funard, and its 
central bank president, Senbor 
Femad Bracber, are visiting 
Washington where ; they will 
. dischss . the . . country’s 1986 
economic programme with the 
International Monetary Fund 
and Mr Paul-Voteker, the US 
Federal: Reserve .'Board presi- 


Ideal Homes . H oK K o gg Mr 
John Danes 'becomes deputy, 
managing di rector, Mr PhiBp 
Neale sales <fattC totand Mr 
Mar '■ Richards director and" 
accountanr ’of . -Ideal Homes] 
[Wales,. Mr Jtoads 

b ec ome s sale director and Mr 
Snfdfc director and 
dilef nrdiifect of Ideal Hordes 
. Thames. Mr Nicholas Martin 
^becomes safes director of Ideal 
Homes Nortbem and Mr Ian 
Montgomery sales director of 
Ideal Homes Western. Mr Paul 
Raynor becomes technical direc- 
tor, Mr Kevin Real .building 
director and Mr Brian Weekes 
financial director and account- 
ant of Ideal Homes Anglia. Mr 
KSduad ' Iovres, financial con- 
troller of Ideal Homes Hdd- 
ings.joins the board of the nine 
.ara operating companies. 

Mara Electronics: Mr David 
V^Qsm hads .been made service 
and finance director. 

'■•••- HFC Trust & Savings: Mr 
Herbert; Windsor: has been 
made senior vice president /- 
treasury/commercial division, 
Mr Richard Matthews becomes 
senior vice president - banking 
services and administration, 
and Mr John Wbitehorn be- 
comes senior -vice president! - 
director of finance. 

Metal Bulletin Conferences 
Mr David GQbertson has joined 
the board. ’ - 

Toncbe Ross: Mrs Patricia 
Ritchie and Mr Ralph Adams 
become UK partners. 

American Express: Mr Janies 
T. Larkin has been made 
executive vice president - 
financial services institutions, 
American Express Travel Re- 
lated Services Company. 

Pacer Systems: Mr J G 
Hartley has become a non 
executive director. 

Cole Group: Mr L A Squires, 
has been made sales director of 
Plastic Products. 

Eaton Corporation: Mr 
Janies Stover takes over as 
nhaimrian and chief executive 
officer on. April 23. Mr Stephen 
Ehrih becomes vice-chairman 
and chief financial and adminis- 
trative "officer and Mr Alfred 
Rankin. Jr will be vice-chairman 
and chief operating officer. 

Simon ’ Engineering: Mr 
David Longhorn is now presi- 
dent of the .Uoited States 
subsidiaries, • Simon-Johnson 
Inc and Henry Simon Inc. 



Clydesdale Bank PLC 

Clydesdale Bank PLC 
announces that with / 
effect from 10th January 
1986 its Base Rate for 
lending is being increased 
from 11%% to 12# 
per annum. 


HOLDINGS: The company’s offer 
has been accepted for the purchase 
of (he defence electro-optics busi- 
ness, of Sopelem in France, for 13 
million francs (about £1.2 milli on) 
The purchasers subject to a number 
of conditions and TJSH has agreed 
to make 5 1 per cent of the company 
available to leading French insti- 
tutions. The. price is payable m 
ins talme nts over the next five years. 

FERICOM: For the year to 
Sept. 30. with figures in £000, 
turnover was 10.797 (7,922). while 
the pretax profit was 506 (1,201). 
Earnings per stare were Z3p (9 Jp). 
A final dividend -of l.3p (l.3p) is 
bring paid, making a total of l.3p 

year to Aug 31, with figures in £000,- j 
turnover was 40,489.(39,788), While ' 
the pretax profit was 4,017 (3,147). 
Earnings per share were 19-lp 
(I6.7p). A final dividend of 3 Jp (-) 
is being paid on Feb 1(L making a 
total of5p(-). ' 

• BLUE. ARROW: The company 
is to acquire Trevor Bass Associates, 
for .£60,000 in Blue Arrow stares 
Bass, a financial . public relations 
consultancy - bas been particularly 
.active in the fist-growing USM. 
This acquisition, represents the first 
stage of the planned expansion into , 
the financial services field. 

acquisi t ion by the group’s invest- 
ment management services division 
of Investment Advisers has been 
completed. The company, is an 
institutional investment manage- 
ment compa n y in Minneapolis. 
Minnesota, US. It was. a subsidiary 
of Inter-Regional Financial Group." 

MENT HOLDINGS: A payment of 
£1,067,087 bag been received, by the 
wholly-owned subsidiary. Grand 
Central Ltd, in respect of interest ou 
the compensation paid for the 
company’s estates. Application is 
bring made to remit, these funds 
Britain, but, in the meantime, they 
have been placed on deporirin Sri 


1 i 

n? | 



Monthly Income Accounts - 

With effect from 9th January 1986 
the interest rate increases by 1,0% 
to 8.75% net per annum. For those 
customers who receive interest 
gross, the rate increases to 11.71% p.a. 

Save and Borrow Accounts 

interest on credit balances increases 
by i.0%to 6.75% net per annum with 
effect from 6th February 1 986. For those 
customers who receive interest gross, 
the rate increases to 9.03% p.a. 

a V Midland Bank pic, 27 Poultiy. London EC 2 P 28 X 

‘HongKong banks 
survive shakeout 9 

Hong Kong (AP-DJ) - Hong 
Kong's local banks have, sur- 
vived the worst of . a shakeout 
and should be st abiliz e d by 
hanking reforms, according to 
the cokray’s senior monetary 
official. : 

Mr David Nendick, a former 
Bank of England official who 
last November was appointed 
Hopg Kong’s Secretary for 
Monetary Affairs, said he 
believed independent local 
banks still had a place in Hong 
Kong, despite a series of crises 
in recent months that has 
thinned their ranks and made 
the industry “fragile”. 

“The problems we have seen 
are essentially problems of the 
past which have only now come 
.to.Iight” Mr Nendick said. 

He said the banking indus- 
try’s troubles stemmed from 
“small banks which thought 
they were big banks” and were 
growing too fast at a time when 
credit demand was slackening 
and Hong Kong's banking 
industry was becoming in- 
tensely competitive. 

Smaller banks got into 
trouble by concentrating too 
many risks in one area, lending 
to parties related to the 
concents, and taking on high 
ratios of risk-assets to capital, 
Mr Nendick said. 

Reforms to be introduced as 

draft legislation later this month 
were “the right and proper 
response to those problems”, 
Mr Nendick said. The proposed 
changes would tighten risk-asset 
ratio, capital ana bank owner- 
ship requirements to bring them 
more into line. ' 

He said the proposals also 
called for auditors and bank 
examiners to discuss problems 
at banks, which showed “we’re 
ahead of the game”, compared 
to regulations in most oihex 
major financial centres where 
auditors were not. involved in 
the regulatory process. 

The new capital requirement 
would force small and mediun- 
size banks to be adequately 
capitalized for the risk they 
were taking, either by bringing 
in an outside partner, by selling 
out or by raising capital on their 
own, possibly through .public 
share issues. 

Mr Nenorick said he ex- 
pected independent local banks 
to evolve but survive, providing 
’’tailor-made services that 
people are prepared to pay for”. 

Until the Government could 
implement and enforce the 
reforms, which must receive 
approval from the colony's law- 
making Legislative Council, it 
had tried to act as a “catalyst tor 
change” to ensure that “the 
shakeout of banks is painless,” 
he said. 

Hang Seng falls 28 points 

Hong Kong (Reuter) - Share 
prices closed sharply lower 
yesterday because of technical 
corrections after Wednesday’s 
Wall Street plunge. 

The Hang Seng index lost 
28.33 points to dose at 1,798.51 
from Wednesday’s record 
1,826.84. There was speculation 
about higher Hong Kong 
interest rates caused by doubts 
about an early cut in the 
American Discount rate. 

Brokers also spoke of 
rumours about the placing of 
HK Ladd shares by Jaidine 
Matheson, but Jardine declined 
comment. HK. Land eased 15 
Hong Kong cents to 6.80 and 
Jardine was SO cents off at 


• G. W. DRAY AND SON: The 
recommended offer by Atlantic 
Metropolitan (UK), a subsidiary of 
the' Hailwood Group, for G. W. 
Dray has been declared uncon- 
ditional. Acceptances have been 
received for 84.74 per cent of the 
ordinary shares. The offer remains 
open, but die option to elect for loan 
notes is no longer available. 

MINES: The company is to raise 1 

share for every share held at R8.50 
each. The offer will be underwritten 
by Rand Mines and Barclays 
National Merchant Bank. 

The hanking sector was under 
pressure after KA Wah Bank 
announced that China Inter- 
national Trust and Investment 
Corporation has agreed to buy a 
majority stake in it. KA Wah 
shares have been suspended 
since last month for nego- 
tiations with possible partners. 

Bank of East Asia eased 40 
cents to $25.20. Hang Seng 
Bank 25 to $48.25 and HK 
Bank JO to 7.95. 

# Singapore share prices eased 
across the board on profit 
taking, after recent firmness, in 
active trading. 

The Straits Times industrial 
index lost 4.46 points to 640.43 
and tbe Stock Exchange All- 
Share index 1.31 to 239.68. 

The society reports a record new 
premium income of more than £200 
million for 1985. New annual 
premiums rose by 26 per cent io£34.4 
minion, while single premiums were 
over five times 1984's £36.8 million, 
at £186.3 million. The new a nil-lin- 
ked performance bond, which was 
launched last September, accounted 
for single premium investments of 

S I30tmDion. 

I TRILION: For the year to Sept. 
30, 1985, compared with the 
previous seven months, with figures 
in £000, turnover was 5,795 (2.954). 
while the pretax profit was 607 
(278)." A dividend of 0.3p, as 
forecast, is being paid. 


National Girobank announces 
that with effect from 
9th January 1986 

Base Rate 

Its base rate was increased by 
1% to 12.5% per annum 

Deposit Accounts 
Interest on Deposit accounts 
increases to 6.5% net p.a. (the 
gross equivalent of which is 
9.29% p.a. to a basic rate 

10 Milk Street LONDON EC2V 8JH 

Girobank pic 

T.S t B 


Base Rate 

With effect from the close of 
business on 9th January, 1986, 
and until further notice TSB 
Base Rate will increase from 
1 1 16% p.a. to 1 2%% p.a. 

AH facilities (including regulated consumer credit 
agreements) with a rate of interest linked to 
TSB Base Rate will be varied accordingly 

Trustee Savings Banks 
Central Board, 

PO Box 33, 25 Milk Street, 
London EC2V 8LU. 


... ... . 


f ft- ; • ''' ' ^ 

i. . . <■ 

.■.•■VSvi;- 7 v.;mE 

: j V. ■;./ 

■-.■4sSb. . ,;-.w ■ ...■•■ . - J.-:. 

Where camels dare: Rene Metge and Dominique Lemoyne cross tbe Sahara in their 
Porsche 959. The French team lead the Par is- Dakar rally after the eighth stage 

from Iferonane to Agadez, Niger. 


caps his 

By Keith Macklin 

Just under two years ago Steve 
Hampson, the Wigan full back, 
broke a leg. missed a Wembley Cup 
final, and feared that his career was 
over. Yesterday he was named as 
one of four uncapped players in the 
26-man Great Britain squad to 
prepare for the two internationals, 
sponsored by Whitbread Trophy, 
against France. The matches will be 
staged in Avignon on Sunday. 
February 16 and at Wigan on 
Saturday. March 1. 

Hampson has returned following 
bis injury to produce some, 
courageous, hard-running displays 
at foil back for Wigan. The three 
other uncapped players are Tony 
Merchant, foe Castleford centre, 
Graham King, foe Hunslet scram 
half and Neil James, foe Halifax 
second-row forward. 

Maurice Bamford, foe coach, has 
kepi faith with foe Great Britain 
squad which drew foe series against 
New Zealand, and also included foe 
Great Britain under-2J captain, 
Shaun Wane, and his Wigan team- 
mate. Henderson Gill, who were 
ruled out of the New Zealand 
matches because of injury. Harry 
Pinner, foe St Helens loose forward, 
is again captain, with David 
Watkinson, foe Hull Kingston 
Rovers hooker, his deputy. 

SQUAD: Backs: Aifcwrtspit (St Halans). M 
Burk* (Wanes), D Dnaanand (UUTO). S 
Edhrards (Wigan), o Fox {FaeMimona). HGi, 

S Hampaoq, E Hantojr pj V* flan). D Mukna 

(Wldnaa), Q Hag (Hunstot), 4 tyrion Mfldnas). 
A Marcbant (Caswford), A Myfar (WUnaa). O 
SdtoMd (HtAU- Fwwwtftc C Burton (HuS KH). 
L Crooks, Q Dtvcxty (botti Hul). J HaMwuaa 



Kiss goodbye 
to Trophy 

Nicky Kiss. Wigan's international 
hooker, will be able to play in 
tomorrow’s John Player Trophy 
final against Hull Kingston Rovers 
at Ell and Road, despite being sent 
off against Warrington on January 
1. He escaped suspension when the 
disciplinary committee at a Leed s 
hearing agreed he had been foe 
victim of mistaken identity. 

Four-match suspensions were 
imposed on Dave Bullough (Ful- 
ham); David Major (Salford). Paddy 
Tiriraavave (Swinton). Tommy 
Grains (Warrington) and Paul 
Mallinder (Bradford Northern). 
John Muggielon (Hall) was banned 
for two games arid Paul Round (St 
Helens) for one match. 

• Garry dark. Hull Kingston 
Rovers' international right winger, 
is doubtful for foe John Player 
Trophy final tomorrow 


Chance of 
gold goes 
to the wall 

It bad starred right, but went ail 
wrong for Nick Phipps on foe 
opening day of foe World Cup two- 
man competition in Cervinia 
yesterday (Chris Moore writes). 

The British champion and his 
brakennm. Alan Cearns, came off 
foe block in S.48sec for the first 50 
metres, which was foe second fastest 
time. But Phipps, who won the gold 
medal in his previous World Cup 
event in Cortina, took a couple of 
strides too many before gening into 
foe bob and couldn't get hold of foe 
steering in time to prevent the 
sledge colliding with foe wall of. foe 
track three times round foe first 

“We lost foe enure advantage of a 
super start, and it's just impossible 
to mate it up on foe rest of foe run,” 
said Phipps, who goes into today's 
final two Laufs in seventh place. 

Wjacbeslav Schawlew, of the 
Soviet Union, is tbe halfway leader 
with a time of 2 min 13.90sec, 
0. 1 3 see ahead of Italy’s Ale* Wolfl 

Phipps, who was the quickest in 
practice with a best time of 1:06.85 - 
which, incidentally, was beaten only 
once yesterday - clocked 1:07.31 on 
his second run and trails foe third 
placed Maris Pcgkans. of foe Soviet 
Union, by 0.77sec. 

“It's not impossible to still get 
back in foe medal honU but rd now 
settle for a top-five finish," Phipps 
said. “That would still bring us at 
least 16 World Cup points, which 
could put us beck in tbe first three in 
the combined standings.” 

RESULT T, SoviM Union B 2mfet 13J0 shs Z 
tarty I 2:14.15: 3, Soviet Union I £14Jft 4, 
Unfed Statu 214.15; 5. Swteortuid 1 214.24: 
a. East Gemtany DI21449; 7. Gnat Britain I (N 
Phipps end A Cawns), 214JB. 


Oub, Frintiey 

golr PraskJem'a Putter (foe). 
TOMS: Mazda Cere World i 
Annul 1 M 

Doubles (Royal 

Mercentle Credit Classic 
(Spectrum. Wluiftutuo. 

SWASH RACKETS: Home titemaUonab 

HOCKEY; Horae countries indoor champion* 
srtpe (Crystal Palace). 


Maul interpretations 
need clarifying 
before World Cup 

By Gerald Davies 

A rugby season would not be 
complete without a quibble or two 
about foe laws, if diOicnlties over 
foe iineout. scrummage, and foe 
tackle hare caused convoluted 
arguments in reccuts years, this 
season it is what is meant to happen, 
exactly, at the maul which needs to 
be unscrambled. There appears to be 
a conflicting interpretation between 
- interestingly enough - foe 
respective onions of England and 
Wales who will face each other in a 
week's time. 

They deviate over the question as 
to when is a maul not a maul. And 
how or when does foe referee decide 
that h is not and blow up for a 
scrummage. Welsh referees may be 
said to be folio wing foe spirit in 
which the game is intended to be 
played, which has encouraged others 
to' complain they are too lax. English 
referees are following foe e^act 
letter of foe law which makes them 
appear drily pedantic. 

So, what is a maul: “A manl M foe 
law states, “is formed when one or 
more players from each team on 
their feet and in physical contact, 
dose iu around a player who is 
carrying the ball”. So far, so good, 
and when does this maul end? 
“When the ball is on foe ground or 
the bafl or the player carrying it 
emerges from the maul or, when the 
scrummage is ordered”. 

Three answers out of four are 
obvious, I imagine, but In following 
the arrows of this multiple choice we 
reach the crucial test to ask foe 
question: when, then, should a 
scrummage be ordered? 

Again, there will be common 
agreement on foe first part of the 
answer which, summarized, states 
that a scrum will be called if, in the 
referee's opinion, foe ball will 
probably not emerge from the maul 
without delay. 

But, a further note goes mu “If 
any player in a maul goes to foe 
ground, indodiog being on one knee, 
or both knees, or is sitting on foe 
ground, a scraramage is to be 
ordered". And this signals foe 
parting of tbe ways. 

Tbe English referees have been 
applying this latter section rigidly 
from the start of the season. Their 
Welsh counterparts believe that if 
the law is to be applied with its 
emphasis on any player in foe maul, 
not necessarily foe man bolding the 
boll, or even foe ones in dosest 
proximity to the ball carrier, but 
which applies to those ha ng i ng on 
the furthest fringes of that maul, and 
should they dare to sink to one knee 
then a scrummage shall be called, 
then it causes frutration and stops 
the flow of the game. 

In a recent Bath-Nee th match, for 
instance, it seemed incongruous to 
see mauls where foe ball was about 
to emerge on one side, for the referee 
then to call for a scrum, only for the 
same side to get the put in. This 
inevitably drew groans of anguish 
from the crowd. Tbe Welsh referees 
lay their emphasis on the ball 
carrier, and before they call for a 
scrum they bear three fJiimgs in mind 
at foe mauk will foe ball be playes 

immediately? Can foe referee see tbe 
ball? is the maul moving forwards? 

On December 4. a meetin g 
between foe international panel of 
referees and international board 
members from the five nations, 
(leaded in favour of England's 
ruling, which adheres strictly to the 
la nr. a circular to this effect has now 
been sent to ail the countries. 

“We have to abide by tint 
statement now”, Clive Noriing says, 
“but, thank goodness, it is only an 
experimental law and most be 
looked at again because it makes a 
nonsense of foe desire to keep the 
game flowing. From the video tapes 
I've seen of games in Australia and 
New Zealand, they seem as flexible 
as Wales in their interpretation. 
New Zealand, for instance, have 
operated this law since last summer, 
and from what I saw of foe Ranfuriy 
Shield match between Canterbury 
and Auckland, they operated the 
way we have done in Wales.” 

Clive Noriing is adamant that tbe 
law, which bad tbe good intent 
behind it of wanting players to stay 
on their feet and to stop the mad 
from being a dangerous phase of 

Old internationals to 
meet at Cross Keys 

A special match between the old 
players of Wales and France on the 
eve of the Wales v. France 
imernauoual in Cardiff will be one 
of the highlights of the Cross Keys* 
centenary celebrations this season. 
The match, organized by • Glyn 
Maddocks (a former Cross Keys 
player) and Mike Roberts (formerly 
London Welsh, Wales and British 
Lions), will be played on Friday 
evening, February 28. 

FRANCE: J-C Lasserre. U Bantu. J Mno. P 
Camberataro. J Tfflo, C Dourtha, P VHsproux. 
i-n Lux. R RtB. J-C Ftosdgnol, R Rahjont. N 
Banasts, G VJanl. J-C SkreU. M Pafcnia, R 
PaparambonJa. G Chotay. J-C Roques. R 
DC mien, W SpangUaro. 

WALES: (From): P Bwvwtt. R Bergtem. E 
Butler. B Ctaon. D Church, T Cobmr. C 
FaUkner. A FMayson, R Grawfl. I Hal. W 
Hifln, JHuttbI, D rlughea, J Jeffrey, M Kid, A 
R Lewts. Arthur Lewie. J Lk^fd, P Llewelyn, A 
Merlin. W Mairmartno, G Puce. M Roberts, C 
ShaX J Squrt. J Taylor. G VWwel, J J VWItans, 
J P R wasems, M Wtohira and R Windsor 

play, has been badly phrased. The 
international board may not have a 
way with words, but with so many 
misunderstandings over misinter- 
pretation in tbe past, and perhaps 
now that they are about to celebrate 
their centenary year, they ought in 
future to consider consulting more of 
the top players and _ referees before 
they finally draft their laws. 

The problem, for tbe time being 
as Noriing sees it, may be seen at 
the international matches. If they 
turn out to be static affairs and tbe 
crowds do not understand the 
referee's ruling it is the referee who 
will be at tbe centre of the 
controversy and against whom most 
of the critidsms will be made. 

Might it not be a good idea to iron 
out all these difficulties before the 
World Cup enters centre stage? 

Devon are the strongest 
in hard-playing group 

Schools rugby by Michael Stevenson 

Tbe 18 Group county seme has 
been clarifying itself despite foe 
ravages of the weather, in the south 
west, Devon emerged as the 
strongest side. Their match against 
Cornwall was cancelled but clear cut 
victories over Gloucester (11-0), 
established somewhat tenuous 
dominance m a highly competitive 
group, characterized by small 
winning margins: for example - 
Somerset 9. Cornwall 6; Cornwall 3. 
Gloucester 0; Gloucester II, Somer- 
set 9. 

T Twose (King’s Taunton), a 
promising No 8, D Jeffery (Exeter 
College) a talented hooter, and T 
Edwards (West Buckland). a speedy 
wing, all showed 10 advantage in the 
Devon side. 

Capable backs, all of whom 
featured in the London Counties 
trial side, helped Surrey to emerge 
as the outstanding team in the south 
eastern group. Their match against 
Eastern Counties was cancelled, but 
they registered decisive victories 
over Middlesex (21-0) and Kent (29- 


Despite agonizing defeat in the 
snow at Rossall on Saturday last, 
Yorkshire 18 Group emerged as the 
strongest northern county, Lanca- 
shire's spirited performance, which 
earned them victory by two 
penalties to a try (6-4) was based on 
the power of their pack 

Lancashire’s match with Durham 
at Mowdcn Park, which was 
rearranged for Tuesday, December 
7, was cancelled, owing to the 
demands of GC£ ‘mock exams* and 
unavailability of most of _ the 
Lancashire coaches and committee 
because of industrial action, but as it 
happened the weather would 
probably have prevented the game 
being played. 

Yorkshire's key players were A 
Turton (Normanton FHS) as scrum 
half, toough tactically he did not 
have too good a game in the hideous 
conditions at Rossall, S Grieve 
(Scdbergh) and R Fee (Stonyburst). 
who will long remember the two 
penalties he missed against Lanca- 
shire, either of which would have 
brought victory. 

As the mod has thickened, and 
the opposition become more aware 
of strengths and weatenesses, foe 
Australian Schools have encoun- 
tered more problems. Shill unbeaten, 
they were severely tested in their 
first two Irish matches. However, on 
Wednesday, at Limerick, they 
overcame Monster (254)); David 
Dix (6ft 6ins) and Warrick Giddey 
dominated the lineouts, ensuring 
ample possession, which brought 
tries by Smart, Gourley, Wilson and 
Crawford. Kahl convened three and 
added a penalty. 

Their next match in England is 
against Midland Schools at Moseley 
next Saturday, lack off 3pm, and the 
following Sunday (1 9th) they will 
meet the North at New Brighton. 
The Midlands side will be captained 
by Gary Hiscobe, who played for 
England 18 Group last year, before 
br eaking his leg, and it includ e s the 
Derbyshire front row. 

MIDLANDS IfrGrfcip: A P»®n [King Henry 
vw Covarwyl: D Ogle pong's wgro ega). C 
Freeman (Warwtcfc School), fl Ibnkt 
(Hereford Crate** School. captrin )_M Bym 
(KKg Henry VH Cavemyt P Center* 


san a^sxsm 

Wtn&k Caflase d Ml” 

G Rcbtecn (Trent), N 

Bromwich TreJrtcaJ 
EOwerts VI. SrafTcrd), N 
School. Warwick). M 3uteby (No 




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TCCB look ahead for tour 
alternatives and over 
their shoulder at W Indies 

After ' Wednesday's night's handle the England team's play there. At the moment 
cancellation of the England tour fc’ E E flff * should Emburey, something like one in four of all 
to Zimbabwe, the ’Test and Gooch, Taylor and Willey be on first-class cricketers in the 
County Cricket Board spent board. English game spend their 

yesterday looking round for It was in 1981 that the ICC winters doing that, 
somewhere else for the B side to agreed unanimously upon the 11 as well if the 

go when they have finished in following resolution, which was Cricketers Association, a very 
Sri Lanka in the middle of next duly minuted and confirmed: cosmopolitan organization, 
month. The Board will also be “The selection of tra m is a each of its .members to 
casting anxious glances towards matter entirely for the govern- declare their abhorence of 
the Caribbean, where the full ing bodies of the countries apartheid. That would be 
England team are due to arrive concerned. The barring of instantly complied with. They 
a fortnight tomorrow. individuals for political reasons k^owt* to he been opposed 

Like the International Cricket by other governing bodies or to At hey, Barnet, Moxon and 
Conference, the TCCB will see governments canot be allowed Srait *i signing, voluntarily or 
35 their main priority not the to interfere with such selec- otherwise, any declaration refer- 

castigation of Bangladesh and tions.” ring to thetr coaching and 

Zimbabwe, however badly let In 1983 , a g ain unani mously Paying in South Africa. The 
down they may feel, but the it was agreed that this slili TCCB will have been grateful 
greater need- to keep the applied, since when the resol- for the support of the Cricketers 
international game as intact as ution has not been questioned. Association as the game should 
they can. They must be Barbados and Zimbabwe, there- be for their generally respon- 
becommg increasmEly worried fore, are indirect breach of ICC attitude. 

. domino policy, much to the evident As a replacement for the 

effect of the decisions taken not anguish of the Bangladesh England B side, India have 

b ?« the , Cricket Control Board, if not offered tours in Zimbabwe. This 

0f -B^jd^desh and the Zimbabwe Cricket Union. I reduces the chance of the B side 
Zimbabwe as by their govern- imagine the latter, in rying to themselves going to India. An 
F . _ put the blame for thecollapse of extension ofthe Sri Lanka visit 

- T“® viability of England's the tour on the TCCB, feel it to is a possibility for the B side, 
forthcoming tour to West Indies be in their long-trem interests thoughthat might be as the 
^notdripMcLunfbrtunatety, not to be oulanily critical of third side faTa trimunSr 
Cncket tbeir government’s inter- tournament with Pakistan, who 
Kr« tL C TrS L ,w ? . ^ ^ venuon. The game is played in are due there next month, 
keen as the TCCB that it should Zimbabwe almost exclusively Soundings are also being taken 

,u r by white men. in Austria as to the lability 

llE? , «522u It ri*® In Zimbabwe and Bangladesh of the B side playing some 
thin«»«**h»t the cause of cricket wffl have matches there. The Benson and 

.“dands beenset back. In each case the Hedges one-day competition 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

light's handle the England team's play \ 

to Zimbabwe, the Test and Gooch, 
County Cricket Board spent board, 
yesterday looking round for It w 
somewhere else for the B side to agreed 
go when they have finished in follow! 

England team's play there. At the moment 
mid Emburey, something like one in four of all 

Zimbabwe, however badly let 
down they may feel, but the 
greater need- to keep the 
international game as intact as 
they can. They must be 

V' ~ 

> '• “ 
•V. •* . 

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Threat will 
not stop 

j ^j,. . ' — ruiuau uuu 1 l, UJUUKU IIWIU IWliaiy IO 

Barnett ’ Moxon and Smith) to March 3 the states will be 

at ?- e P ut to the declar- occupied with the Sheffield 

moment comes from the mill- ation demanded of them. Shield. 

MercifuUy they applied no such The complexities of the 
whSh (m pressure - Had they, it would situation outnumber the permu- 

2*3 ?«!* have opened the door to all rations open to the England B 

issue) and two Test matches, a manner of further interference side. Wm Sri Lanka, for 

- p^. A , L • W-. - W%* hv MMiOJ uiuuiovavu) UC CAUUIUA1 UUUi playing m ■ oniuo Gtmug wiUHHiun hi uui uu 

30 ^ “ e ^ rom pursuing their perfectly Zimbabwe? Whether they are or the boat or accept the consequences. 

SEX * legitimate right to go to South not, they can be sure of a royal Speaking in Addis Ababa, he raid: 

already said they will not Africa, in order to coach and reception in England next year. “If Bmaur allows the i planned bout 

j to go ahead, the Afro- Asian and 

tth • »i ^ . -a > a g / . Latin American members of the 

lidiii spoils Africa Diau - sstiS?js i taySSti^m»«!^ r 

fhieeffort to s P Ht the ICG ’ « w “* * * 

Frank Bruno’s March bout m 
London against while South African 
heavyweight Gerry Coetzee will 
definitely go ahead, deqiite the 
latest threat to disrupt this year’s 
Commonwealth Games in Edin- 

Yidnekatcbew Teessema. presi- 
dent of the Union of African Sports 
Confederations, yesterday called on 
British boxing authorities to call off 

Melbourne (Reuter) - The B t 

opening match in the World Series Soir te Afrjai . fa attenpdng to 

Cup one-day triangular tournament **8*^ its place m the inte rnati o nal 

From Ivo Tennant Cape Town 

South Africa fa attempting to Africa are encroaching on the rights 

Cup one-day triangular tournament "8^ Hs P 1 *** ™ the international and freedoms of bladk players, 
between Australia and New Zealand * aiM hy canring a spDt between die There are other places they can go. 
was abandoned as a draw yesterday member countries of the ICC, No declaration opposing apaithdd 
after heavy rain. New Zealand had Howa, the Sooth African should be sufficient,” he said, 

scored 161 for seven off 29 overs Cricket Board (SACB) executive Howa, aged 63^aid that nntfl the 
when the depressing weather won member said yesterday. South African Cricket Union 

the day. Each side receive one DoinL Howa was speculating that the (SACU) gave up brfHgmg break- 
The SO overs-a-side match had RepmbBc was hoping the West away sides here, die SACB who 
earlier been reduced to a maximum India and Pakistan beKeved pofitks cannot be separated 

of 32 for each team because of time e«P«i*Ily would form their own from sport, would have no dealings 

lost to the rain. New Zealand’s ania * ce - tawing, principally, Eng- with them. He admitted that this 
innings, reduced to 29 overs because New Zeahuid and AostiaHa holding back the development 

of Australia's slow over-rate, was ta to inrite South. Africa to play 

built around a spirited innings of 71 
from 57 balls by Martin Crowe. 


j a w B 

B. A. Edgar b Davis 17 

M.D.CrombQRwt 71 

J.F.RaMcPMhwbDwh 7 

*J.V. Corny cPMNpabWBugti 24 

R J. Hadeo b GftNM ! S 

them without fear of interference. 

But Howa, who was the president 
of the SACB from 1977 to 1984, said 
in his opinion Sooth Africa would 
not succeed in re-entering the world 
game since only England and New 
Zealand would wekome them back. 
“The other member coantries of the 

nopafly* Eng- wim them. He admitted t int this is Sooth African sportsman from 
and AostiaHa holding back the development of goiiw anywhere? It is tantamount to 

Africa to play noa-wfaheaicltetera . threatening Bnmo’s livelihood. Ifhe 

iterference. The SACB bans any©®e who even jj prepared to fight a South African 
i the president watches cricket at Newlands, the boxer, then why not? We accept any 
7 to 1984, said Wanderers or any other gromd boxec black „ 

n n fS^. c J WalJS,1 b Mc ° ,rmo “ « ICC wm have nothing to do with 

B. R-BMrnOtOU t — — - 7 k .h.K.I»lv 

E-RMcSwuaneynolout 2 

Extras (lb-5, w-3 nb£) 10 

Total (7 wfcM. 28 ovws) 1S1 

E. J. Chatmld tod 8. L. Boock did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10. 2-30, 3-80. A-127, 

5- 137, 5-148, 7-152. bOWUNQ: McOannott. 

6 - T- 2 D- 1 , Dsvto 8-1-30-2. Raid 54MSO (2nd 
2n). MaUhows 4-0-24-0 (hM), Q9)ort 50-33-2, S 
WaugO 2-0-13-1. 

AUSTRALIA: D- & Boon, a M. RKcWa, *A. R 
Border, D. W. Hookas. S.RJ Matthews, tW. 
B. PhBps. S. R Waugh, a R. Waugh, a P. 
Davten, a JL McDermott, a R QBbat, a A. 

• Colombo (Reuter) - The middle- 
order batsman Duleep Mendis has 
been named as Sri Lanka’s captain 
for the Test series against Pakistan 
beg inni ng next month. 

diem nntil apartheid is a bolished," 
he said. 

“I wekome Zimbabwe’s cricket 
union calling off England’s B torn. 
The cricketers who came to South 

endorsed apartheid," he said. 

The SACB placed an advertise- 

ment in a U rban newspaper ui frng Games organising crwnm ittcc is to 
non-white peopleto boycott the first uphold the terms of the Gleneajdes 
mifa national bel^een So oth A frica AgrecmenL which deplores sporting 

and the breakaway Australians. 

Brown stays on as manager 

links with Sooth Africa. AA 
members of the Commonwealth are 
fully aware of our consistent stand 
in Ibis matter.” 

David Brown announced yestcr- confidence by members, but he q Pat CowdeQ, knocked out in one 
day that he is to continue as agreed to stay on for a seventh round by Azumah Nelson in his 
Warwickshire’s cricket manager and season after meeting with the chib at second world title attempt in 
reaffirmed that his priority is lo sign Edgbaston on Wednesday nighu October, is lined up for more 
a world class last bowler in time for Warwickshire have still to championship action before the end 
next season. announce their captain for thl« year, of March. He has bee n installed as 

Dmimm ItiO WMllimi k.H> DrVmmV vImimaa fk» loOrlillfi fYintMlHpT filT fhc RriHch 

Brown considered bis position but Brown's decision makes Nor* I tbe leading contender for the British 
hen the cricket committee re- man Gifford, who is 45, a strong I super-featherweight title' and wfil 

ming next month. signed last month after a vote of no favourite to lead the side again. 


Cycling event may start in N Korea 

By David Miller 

Under the neutral flag of the with both countries for June 10 and proposed boycott of 1988 by the 
Olympic Games, the two Dorean 11 . At the condnsion of this week's Socialist coantries. There are 
ideolajpes are bring drawn closer conference Samaranch sahb “I fieri thought to be few who would foil in 
together. At yesterday's meeting of tht position is better, and we win be line, and North Korea are beginnig 
representatives of die North and contnming to neg o tiate. Knowing the to realise this is so. 

Sooth in Lausanne together with attitude and position of the two Given the improbability of an 
Joan Samaranch, the president of coantries. I think oar meeting was effective boycott. North Korea may 

fha T u lra n ii gtl Wfl l Olvnilllr Plttlt. ■ n n s i frimuH r oml n nnnnrntir a ** fotrn tha iwnnnw tfA nr»— «aul ‘ 

tbe International Olympic Com- very friendly and cooperative.’’ take the pragmatic view, and try fo 

mlttee, it was agreed in principle The next i ndi cat io n of world-wide gain the m a xhmno advantage Emm 
that the cycling road race of the reaction to the con tr over s y of their neighbours' event rather than 
1988 Gaines could bring in the SeoaTs appointment as host city for ntin it. It seems that at this week's 
North and finish in the Sooth, and 1988 wiD come with the April meeting they withdrew, without 
that North Kor ea would be involved Biannual meeting, in Seoul, of all actually stating it, from their 
in tin* cultural programme which natural Olympic committees. Tbe demand for a Joint hosting of *h«» 
provides a substantial backcloth to number of absentees will reveal to Games, the . IOC having been 

North Korea whether they could emphatic that the contract with 

every Games. 

A third meeting is now planned expect significant sup p or t for any Seoul could not be violated. 








■w» W»vw:g | » S O I Jg .I.I P * 1 M 4 A^%w>V| g |' 

ft ’ . *' u 

meet the winner of the bout between 
Pat Doherty and N^jib Daho. winch 
takes place in Preren next Thurs- 

The Board of Control have 
ordered the winner of this bout to 
defend his title against CowdeQ 
within 60 days and have nominated 
John Doherty (no relation) as the 
next challenger. 

Terry Marsh has relinquished his 
British bight-welterweight tide in 
order to concentrate on his 
European championship defence. 

More boxing, page 21 


Crackdown on 
coaches in 

yms ’htgiria lafoxtDaU Associ- 
ation's disciplinary committee wifi, 
meet next week to consider the bad 
behaviour of dub coaches during 

Only two players wen disquali- 
fied during the month in tbe six 
division ofthe National League, but 
ten of the 14 matters relate to 
coaches and officials, . the 
association is concerned by their 
tendency to act di s co ur t eo usly, or lo 
make statements which may bring 
the game into disrepute. 

The decisions of tbe committee 
will be announced next Wednesday 
and any suspensions »riring from' 
these decisions will apply from 
Saturday January IS. 

.RUGBY LEAGUE: S win ton have, 
agreed to play their Silk Cut 
Challenge Cup preliminary borne tie 
against Leeds at their Station Road 
ground on Sunday Jan nary 25, kick 
off 3pm. The scheduled first 
division borne match against Wigan 
that day will be played - later in the 

champion. Alexander Fadaycv, has 1 
re-established himself as the Soviet 

Union's leading <tlcgt, * r after taking 
the men's title at the MtimaT 
championship in Leningrad 
SPEEDWAY: Long Eaton have 
folded - one season after winning 
the National League title. John 
Turner, tbe promoter, .made his 
derision to quit because of financial 

BOWLS: Willie Wood, Scotland's 
Commonwealth Games singles grid 
medal winner hi Brisbane four years 
ago, has been dropped from the 
team for this year's fames in 
Edinburgh, as the Scottish bowls 
authorities have insisted on naming 
players with strictly amateur status. 

By Sydney Triskin 

Doug Mountjoy stole some of the 
glamour from Caff Thornbom by 
making a clearance break of 109 in 
their Mercantile Credit Classic 
semi-final at Warrington yesterday. 
At the interval in this best-of-17- 
fiames match, Tborbuxu led 5-2. 

Mountfoy, ■ albeit t emp or ari ly, 
was monarch of all he surveyed as 

promoting the Bruno-Ooetzee con- 
test at Wembley on Mardt 4, said: 
“quite frankly, ihi« man is a 
blackmailer. Garry Coetzee is on 
record as being against apartheid. 
He is a boxer, not a politician. Tbe 
fight will go on, make no mistakes 
about that” 

Ray Clarice, secretary of die 
British Boxing Board of Control, 
pointed our “Other professional 
sportsmen from South Africa are 
allowed to come here and compete. 
If golfers and tennis players are 
allowed, why not boxers? 

"Does this man want to ban every 

nnder tte umlivelfo of the SACU. u, the world to fight 

The SACU race offered to finance 

an SACB tour of the B aham a s bat Kenneth Borthwick, chairmaiwrf 
Horn irfascd. *Tt would hare done ^ Commonwealth Games oigamz- 
onr cncket goodbot ft would nave ^ committee, yesterday issued a 

Lyle’s costly error 

From John Ballantine, Carlsbad, California 

statement saying: “The oft-dedared 
policy of the Commonwealth 

Playing the. wrong.- ball is the 
ultimate mistake in' gol£ rather Hoe 
kicking the ball past your own 
goalkeeper in football. Sandy Lyle, 
the Opai champion and usually the 
most scrupulous of riayn, commit- 
ted the grievous fitmt on the par four 
447 yard 10th In the first round of 
the Tournament of Champions, and 
it probably cost fahn die lead. 

Lyle’s eventual 70 contained' six 
birdies and kept him still strongly in 
contention only two behind the 
leaders. Calvin Pecte and Mark 
McC umber, 'but how different it 

“My drive bit a tree and the ball 
dropped into thick rough,” Lyle 
recalled. “A steward put a white 
marker stick by a ball and I just 
didn't check the number closely 

“Of course, when I looked at it 
nearer the green I saw 'straightaway 
that it was a tost hall and not mine", 
he continued. “I had to take a two 
stroke penalty and go back and fait 
another. I should stiQ have had foe 
six which, would have tied me for 
tbe lead but I three putted from one 

Lyle immediately scored three 

bixdka to get baefo into the;race for 
the fint pnze of £62,000. This was a 
marie of his new determination and 

maturity, and no dopbt he will 
make, the same mistake again.“I 
Can’t remember ever .before 
even as an amateur” he said. 
Bernhard Laoger .had five birdies, 
in d ud i n ga 12 footer smoothly sunk 
at the last green, ip his 69. 

Deane Bernard the tough com* 
missioner of the toor, answered 
Severiano Ballesteros’s criticisms of 
the PGA who banned the. Spaniard 
tor playing only' nine instead of the 
ma n datory 15_ tournaments- hist 
season. Beman said that in 1983 Jic 
and his hoard a cco mm od ated 
Ballesteros who actually helped to 
construct the new 13 tournament 
rota ' ■ ■ 

“Whatever his personal-reasons 
were tor not faifinfng that commit- 
ment, I think for him. to dium we 
were tmfiiir fa . ridiculous” Beman 

LEAUtNO SCORES: (U* attain sMMfoan C 

32: M MctiualtMr 

Bfc nil at— na»iQ. I«: C 

I McCuaibw 33, 36; O: B 

34; T MM 34. 3b 

mn»34. atfcMdiJ 

fQ^rsa. 37; C^fc»ra»34, 3ft M OW 
Sft A Nortti 3ft 34; W U«l3ft3ft D ■ 

381 34; J TlKrpa 3ft 3*71: FZrafar 3ft 3S; H 
Sawn 34, 37tG Buna 3&. 3ft C KnMS, 38. 

Injured Dexter loses 


Will K. KM » l -4 I • I 

Caplan. from Jersey, was one up 
at the tun. but Dexter had reversed 

some excellent scoring. . Bruce 

not hogeyed tbe last three holes. 

foursomes partner 
side of 1960. That year marked the 
last appearance in the Putter by 
Harrison, who gave up competitive 
golf more than a decade ago. He has 
been tempted our of “re tire ment" 
by a reunion party given by Uzielli, 

tier was red hot and two good 

ofthe wail*. 

Now Harrison meets Donald 
Steel in today’s most interesting 
match. Steel, who has won titis 



New brew c 


Mountjoy makes his 
third century break 


— j 11 ' » 1 


and Thorbum moved on to a state 
of hard-earned prosperity. He foiled 
to pot an easy bloe and left it for 
Mounqoy who foDowedupthe pink 
only to kkve the black hanging over 
a pocket at tbe top ofthe table. In 
sheer diagast he concededlhe frame. 

Rex WHfiuns, who has been a 
professional' for 35 years, is 



team is title from 

up for sale the Scots 

Nw-Uumbotlwn : Bf Sydney Friskin 

Non-League footbaO '. 
by Paul Newman '• 
Dartfoid, who have snfend .r 
substantial drop in attendances this 
season, are malting; severe fliwiwwl 
cutbacks in older to avoid- going 
into debt. With gates averaging just 
over 500, neatly 150 less than last 
seanm,. the Gola Lregue dub have 
been forced to put their entire first 
team up for sale and 1 have told. John 
Stifi. tbe liiMu gw , to cnt tiie wage 
biQ by 45 percent. 

“we amply bare to bnfamoc the, 
borieft** Dick Mace,- DartfonTs 
secretary, said.. “We're currently .-in 
tbe Hack and we intend to keep it 
that way. By. taking. tins actica miw' 
we. hope xo avoid proWems in The 
fimire.' Alihoagh afi-tiie pfoyan are 
for transfer, we would not want 
to lose- mare than two or three of 
them. Combined with some cuts in : 
wages and expe nse s, that should 
dove our problems." 

■ Dartfoid have' been paying the 
price of their success last season, 
when they finished third in their ' 
find season back in the Gobi League. 
This season they have been 
struggfira for consistency and are 
fourth from bottom. Mr Mace 
beEeves that a 33 percent increase 
in admission to £2 M also 

been a factor in the di sa pp o inting 
atte ndances and the dob are to 
c onside r a reduction. 

Tbe possibility of sharing Grave^ 
■end "mid- Narthfleet’s" ground in: 
order to cutcosts was discusaed but 
lias been discounted. Dartfoid are 
now. hoping to stage American 
foofinD on a regular basis. .••••• 

The financial problems have also 
brought about upheavals in the 
b uamro o m . When Brian Alford, flic 
chairman, first suggested the 
be friiwH to win die frill 
support of lis fellow directors and 
resigned. However, he subsequently 
withdrew his resignation and is bade 
as chairman. Mr Mace, who 
resigned in sympathy, has also 
returned to his post add is now on 
the board pfdirectdis.. . 

Tony Barman, Dartford’s leading 
scorer, is one of the players likely to 
leave. Maidstone United are 
favourites to sign him but have . so 
for been unable to agree terms. 
• Gordon Park, .the manager of 
Penrith, has boon dismissed. The 
North West Counties League duh 
have appointed Jimmy Lewthwaite, 
the reserve team manager, as his 

. England begin their quest for the 
home c oun t r ies indoor title at 
Crystal Palace- tins evening with a 
nmrfi against Ireland whose dolls 
make them an a t tra c tiv e side to 
watch. Earlier, Scotland, the 
holders, win appose Wales and the 
t ourn a m ent Wul end tomorrow 
afternoon. . 

This event has usually resolved 
itself into a. ; two way straggle 
be tw een Scotland and Enriand. So it 
■was last year in Cardiff' where 
Scotland snatched victory in the fast 
eigbt mmnftn at a stage when 
England seemed to r be . coasting^ to 
.viraory.:Tbdteteafl4rv01 pay «adt 
othef m tite-iret maich of mb tones 
tomorrow. • 

On the besfa of tiieir concentrated 
periods of training, England, must 
start favourites to regam the title 
from Scotland who have not spent 
much time fogetber as a team. Then- 
best international players have bees 
active in various club competitions. 

England have a number of 
sharpshooters, Grimfey.JLeman and. 
Nicholson who can' tom the 
.fortunes of a -match in- a few 
second s Scotland, too, have top 
class mar k smen such as QtAffl, 
Christie and Macpfaeraon who wall 
pat themselves among the. goals 

■ gain. n 

Ireland have drawn nlany of their 
players from Avoca Who made a 
fine impression last week in the 
Glenfiddich tournament at Glasgow 
and Team VoUceswagn. Among 
them Crawford,' ' Bunift l&kwood 
and Morris- have high scoring 

Simon Rees, the Welsh goal- 
keeper, who plays outdoors for 
Hounslow to {he London League 
has earned 35 indoor caps, one 
more than Gowmao, one of the 
most tried and misted scorwVfw 
Wales, who are improving wpb 
every stride and coukl spring a 
surprise or two. .* .*• - 

Britain's victory 
puts them 
top of the table 

Great .Britain won thejjr second 
ma tc h in the- mtenntioiial'qtngl- 
rangnlar tonrnaineiit . id Kuwait 
yesterday by defeating PSdstett 3-2 
on grass. In/ pnbai tart- week 
Pakistan had beaten Brit&i L-0 end 
.now Britain, having txatooisdia l- 
0 on Wednesdayrmfane fobr.pointt 
and. are « .the tiro ofthe r tabk- 

Today they play The NefBa5ands, 
who drew 1-1 with India yesterday. 

Pakistan w ent imp -anfejlitiy la&d- 
witii .the v fait:. bdc^^Trazir 
Mohammed,, converting^ a-. short 
corner. Britain, ho w ev e r , soon, drew 
level. Potter scoring froni* penalty 
stroke. The steoke was avnutied after 

a shot by Keriy bad beat Reared 

a short putt at the second. 

tfamr juoe nn 


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By Mandarin < / 

three ^ nile& A tagger ihxm may! 
a 20-_ comcfrom Maori. Venture, who 
iaet nmtit}. « 31 ^-teltenliam had Green Bramble wdll behind 1 
Jjf* himsdf .uu when Winning at-Lingfidd hw; 

tile GoM Cup 'xhonth and is'nowoS Jib' 
P u?^ e by^ft^gtop weighlin worse off. • - 

SS^^tS dfirHiU?dicap ' : Six of the seven lunniers. in: 
Closeat Ascot today. . the Teal and Green Handicap-: 

Oamber^^ 3301 Centered for next v 

? f ^ e ®on^ , s . Schweppes Gokl : 
leading three lasers in the Trophy and with plenty of^ive 1 " 

SSSSLTBSS ** «7toiSi -S ffl 

vL/^^iS r ®*l'.®hasing home ; Kxssim to get the -better of£s' Peter Corrida and Courchevel .part company alter the last flight in the selling hurdle, * 
&Sff I ^ I ^iTO^ tl 5Snrr?S- principal xvnU^ &a^s Daacc, . : hy Sweetcal, at Wlncanton yesterday (Photograph: Harry Kerr) 

BuiTough Hill Lad the surprise 
m Pitman’s National package 

Geoige and Barrough HtTT Lad 
in the Gold Cup when both 
those horses were at their peak. 

Leg trouble kept Fired Winters 
star off the course for the whole 
of last season but he showed no 
signs of the problem when 
making a splendid reappearance 
at jumping’s headquarters five 
weeks a^o. 

Despite. looking understand- audit, 
ably- backward m condition; ~ 

Brown Chambertin jumped 
with great zest and matched 
strides with the much fitter Run 

and Skip until approaching- the ’ -•■- - -• - ASCOT-’ 

last fence where lack of a recent- W|XJ*t5?S5 ZStLH 

outing began to tdL Qose 5SS^SmTfe** OT21>2M * iF 
home. Brown Chamberlin for- 59* BY ® : B sherwooa 6 tdnm from is 
I*ce TO Etoboy,\ a&g^ ^SK-*" 
who, like Rim and Skip, was — — i • — — — 1 

having his third race of. the 
season. • 

who has shown Ids best form on ■ 
a' fester surface,'... ' ~ 

An interesting ruimer’here is 
Joy Ride, -who rah See You* 
Then, to two lengths when onlv- 
a novice last season and is Peter 
Scudamore’s only mount of the 
day. He should be winning soon 
but the fitter KeaBn, with 
consistent top clus form' to his 
is . preferred in this 


The overnight defection -of 
Benin' and Maiya Mai from the 

We should have' known that 

med^^er'^smee^he "became 
the first woman to train a 
Grand National winner with 
Cbrbiere in 1983, could not 
keep such a low profile for too 
long. And sure enough, after an 
unusually quiet first half of the 
season, the first lady of Lam- 
boom swept back to the glare of 
publicity in which she revels 
when she saddled two devasia- 
tingly easy winners at Wincan- 

TTfe subsequent victories of Thunder and lightning Nov- t0Q yesteiday and followed up 
■“* ; — ' '-i «— ^ with the announcement that her 

Run and Skip at Chepstow and 
Sand own have shown that 
Brown Chamberlin was at- 
tempting the almost imp ossible 
in trying to concede 2(Hb to 
John _ S pearing’s progressive 
young chaser. Knock Hat; a 

ices' ' Chase has considerably 
eased the task of Desert Orchid. 
While :;f expect . David - Els- 
. worth’s grey- lo.inamtain . his 
unbeaten record over fences, it 
would. -be foolish to .take too 
short a price as the ground is 

distant fourth at.CM^r'wiJCBaifSK 
has also given the form a would like and Peadyman won 
handsome fillip by winning the by 20 lengths on his <*»cm g 
four-mile chase there last week, debut at Wolverhamptonon 

Brown Chamberlin has been 
steadily supported for the Gold 
Cup in the last week but 16-1 is 
still available and with the race 
looking exceptionally open, that 
represents’ better value than 
those at the head of the m»rir»»t 
An authoritative victory today 
would see those odds halved 
and I hope to see him produce 

Western Sunset has a touch 
of class but has yet to win at 

Chase has , . , 

fallen hero, Burro ugh Hill Lad, 
is -likely to join three -stable 
companions m a four-pronged 
Pitman attack on the Grand 

For bookmakers to offer odds 
of 16-1 -about Burrough H31 
Lad for a race of any description 
- even a lottery' like the 
National - might seem to his 
die hard supporters like an act 
of charity of which Bob Geldorf 
might be proud. Yet that is the 
tantalising price available from 
a leading London firm against 
the horse who even compared 
to the legendary Arkle after his 
victory itr the Cheltenham and 
Hennessy Gold Cups of 1984. 

Of course it is probable that, 

victory in the Bubldail Con- Respite bis recent lack-lustre 
ditional JneWyw’ Hatirfir^p ■ performances, the Am tree 

WoTverhampton on 
Boxing Day. . . y~- /. . 

Urn Mated, who has the Sun 
Alliance Hurdle as his long- 
range objective, looks more 
than 1 capable’ of Conceding 
weight all round in'the Silver 
Doctor Novices" Hurdle .while 
Landing Board . will have the 
valuable assistance of Ctive Cox 
as he seeks his fifth successive 


Market Rasen called off 

. Tomorrow’s fixture at Market going is e xpe cted to be soft. “We 
Rasen was called off yesterday ".tare fire odd natch of snow, tot 
owing to snow and frost, but both the nothin* fh*£ wontd prevent ns from 
, -* <ining meetings. Ascot ari racing. If tie weather atays the same 
Newcastle, appear likely • to go wewmtld certainly be. J»We to-race 

tMHnwr u» u lupectin imU 
only be called -If fisere'-wn* a 
deterioration- hi conditions” a 
spokesman raid. No problems are 
envisaged for fie Sweeps Handle 
meeting at Leopardstopu. 

Ascot, who. race today, forecast 
the gramd as good to soft, while 
Newcastle are my optimistic about 
their tnospeets hr to mo rrow. The 

handicapper will seek to anchor 
Burrough Hill Lad with a 
weight of over 12 stone and Mrs 
Pitman believes it is really 
asking to much of any horse to 
tackle die world's toughest 
steeplechase under such a 
burden.- However, she added 
that- Stan Riley, the owner, 
definitely wants to run the horse 
at Ain tree and a final decision 
will be taken after Burrough 
Hill . Lad has run in the 
Chelt enham Gold Cup 


By John Karter 

Peter Scudamore, who will 
replace Phil Tuck on Burrough 
Hill Lad in his future races at 
the behest of Mr Riley, will get 
to know his mount at Mrs 
Pitman's stables over the 
weekend. The lady, herself, 
would not be drawn as to where 
we will see Burrough Hill Lad in 
action next - Doncaster's 
William HiD Yorkshire Chase 
later this month is a possibility, 
she says - and contented herself 
with the revelation that the 
horse is “very well”. 

One of the Pitman Ain tree 
quartet, Macoliver - the others 
are the 1983 winner, Corbiere, 
and Smith's Man - showed his 
paces in yesterday’s Ullo Lamb 

Red Rum 

Philip. Blacker has been com- 
missioned by Seagram, the Grand 
National sponsors, to produce a life- 
size bronze of Red Rum. the only 
horse to have won the world's 
greatest steeplechase three limes. 

Blacker, the former National 
Hum jockey now regarded as the 
leading exponent of hone bronzes, 
has already begun work on tile 
project. It is planned to unveil the 
bronze at Ain tree during the 1988 
Grand National meeting, which 
commemorates the 150th anniver- 
sary of the Aintree race. 

Ginger McCain, Red Rum’s 
trainer, said: **I always hoped it 
would happen. Now it' is going up, 
and in the right place. It is 
tremendous that such a fine 
craftsman as Blacker is to cany out 
the work. It is just what the' old 
bone deserves and is a brilliant 
idea, especially as Rummy has just 
celebrated his 2 1st birthday.” 

• Truly Nnreyev. one of . last 
season's leading two-year-okls, has 
been bought by Sheikh Mohammed 
in a private deal for an undisdoaed 

Challenge Cup and extremely 
impressive be was, too. After 
the “old monkey" as Mrs 
Pitman describes Macoliver. 
had given Ben de Haan a hard 
time messing about at the rear 
on the first circuit (“It’ll take a 
super fit jockey to ride him at 
Aintree", Mrs Pitman said), he 
suddenly decided to gallop a bit 
and, shooting into a dear lead 
halfoay round the final circuit, 
he strolled home well dear of a 
large field. 

Macoliver's jumping could 
not be faulted and if gels the 
soft ground he needs at Aintree 
he could be a major force. For 
those who find 16-1 too 
cramped, more than double 
those odds, 33-1, can be 
obtained about this eight-year- 

Mrs Ptimazi’s other winner, 
Riva Rose, in the Novices’ 
Hurdle, was equally impressive 
and could well be Cheltenham 
Festival material. His immedi- 
ate objective, though, is to 
qualify for the Malden Timber 
Novices’ series. 

Punters who laid the odds on 
the Gold Cup hope Combs 
Ditch, in the John Bull Chase, 
could have done with a whiff of 
the oxygen which the horse 
himself receives after every race 
to revive him. As the un consid- 
ered 33-1 outsider Socks Downe 
led the field until the final fence, 
Colin Brown, on Combs Ditch, 
looked poised to go past at his 

Yet on the run-in not only 
did Combes Ditch not respond 
as instantly as expected, but 
Socks Downe ran on with great 
gusto and Brown had to go for 
everything. Combes Ditch got 
into top gear just in time, but it 
was hardly surprising that 
bookmakers kepi his Gold Cup 
odds at 12-1. 


Gtfog: good lo.soft 

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Over The Last 

Over The Lost looked a possible 
Irish Cheltcnbam winner of the Sun 
Alliance Chase when making a 
successful debut over lhe larger 
obstacles for trainer Tommy 
Carbcnry at Punchestown yesterday. 
A credit to the schooling of 
Carbcnry, Over The Last was 
patiently handled by Nial Madden 
to foil a gamble on Deep South 
(10-1 to 2-1 joint favourite) m the 
Thorton Novices’ ’Chase. 

“He jumped like a haodicapper 
and should be even timer on faster 
going,” said Madden. Ow The.Lasi 
may travel to Ascot early next 
month for the Reynoldaown 
'Chase, over three miles. 

Arthur Moore, responsible for the 
Sweeps Hurdle ante-post favourite 
Bonalma, and bis stable jockey, 
Tom T&afffe, had a timely boost 
when Pepaucon took the Fairyland 
Handicap Hurdle by a short-head 

from Just Thinking. 

Brittan puts 
in a word 
for breeders 

By Michael Seely 

Leon Brinan, the Secretary of 
Trade and Industry, speaking at the 
Thoroughbred Breeders’ Associ- 
ation annual lunch in London 
yesterday, said that there was now a 
good case for breeders being treated 
on equal terms with the rest of the 
agricultural industry. “There must 
be room for scud forming to lake up 
some of the slack caused by over- 
production,’’ he said. 

This was encouragi ng to listeners 
as for some years the TBA has been 
pleading for breeding to revert to 
being treated on terms of parity with 
the whole of forming as for as 
taxation and rating is concerned. 

After the luncheon, the TBA 
breeders' awards were presented by 
General Penfold, the chairman of 
the Horseracing Advisory Council 
The Duke of Devonshire's special 
award to the person who, in the 
opinion of the council, has made a 
significant contribution to the 
British breeding industry was given 
to Jim Joel.' 

“For nearly 50 years Mr Joel has 
been breeding scores of high-class 
winners at Childwiclcbury,” Peter 
Willed, the retiring TBA president 
said. It has been a source of pleasure 
to everyone in racing that the 91- 
year-old owner of Royal Palace, the 
1967 Derby winner, has recently 
been eqjoying such a fine run of 
success with his jumpers. 

The award for the leading British 
race stallion in te rm s of prize money 
was gjven io Lord Howard de 
Walden’s Kris, the sire of Oh So 
Sharp, the Triple Crown winner. 
Mummy’s Pel and Young Gener- 
ation shared the award for the 
stallion that had sired most 
individual winners during the 
season, both horses having been 
responsible for 28 winners apiece. 

Not surprisingly, the leading 
broodmare of 1985 was Unsuspec- 
ted. During the past three seasons 
Bob Cowell’s mare has foaled three 
individual pattern race winners in 
the shape of Shoot Clear. Solly 
Brown and Untold, who is one of 
the favourites for lhe 1 9S6 Oaks. 

Both Mr Willett and David 
Gibson, the 'president and chairman 
respectively, have now retired. 
Their successors arc Lord Por- 
ches tr and Anthony Oppenhcimer. 
Lord Porches ter, the Queen's racing 
manager, has recently retired from 
chairing the Flat Racing Pattern 
Commitiee of the Jockey Club. 

In his speech ai the TBA annual 
general meeting beforehand. Mr 
Willett not only commented on ihc 
success of the European Breeders’ 
Fund's sponsorship of two-year-old 
races; He also pointed out that it 
had been a magnificent season for 
British bred hones. 

Tom Sharp doubt 

Tom Sharp, one of the favourites 
for the Schweppes Gold Trophy, is 
not certain to go for the big 
Newbury Handicap according to his 
trainer, Walter Wharton. “1 shall 
make a definite decision after 
speaking to the owner today." he 


Way to Edinburgh and Stuttgart 
begins on a Shropshire track 

British athletics has always defied 
logic. Some semblance of order 
emerges from the labyrinthine 
administration and class athletes 
continue to emerge from the 
wasteland of Britain's athletics 
facilities. There is still no national 
athletics stadium. And it must be as 
galling to read as it is to wriie year 
after year that Britain's only full- 
scale indoor track, that is of 200 
meties, with hardly fully appointed 
facilities around it. is in a converted 
hangar at RAF Cosford. on the 
eastern edge of Shropshire. 

Yet. as in other areas of non- 
conformism. the British astound 
their continental neighbours. Their 
Closest athletics rivals in Europe last 
year, the French. Germans and 
Italiaas, shook their heads in 
amazement as the British lifted 
three European indoor gold medals 
and five European junior gold 
medals last summer. Thai continu- 
ing success, the promise of more to 
come, and Steve Cram’s three world 
records are finally pushing local 
authorities around the country into 
providing more indoor facilities to 
further foe prospects of success. 

Birmingham, Loudon Dockland, 
Glasgow and Manchester should all 
have custom-built indoor arenas, 
complete with track, within two 
years. But the 1 986 season, with the 

By Pat Botcher 
immediate target being foe Euro- 
pean indoor championships in six 
weeks’ time sad foe principal ends 
being foe Commonwealth Games 
and European championships, 
begins again at Cosford tonight and 
tomorrow afternoon, with the 
Arrow Games. „ 

During the season, which 
stretches until foe begin nine of 
March, Sebastian Coe and Zola 
Budd will be foe principal attrac- 
tions. Bui they are not due to 
compete until foe national cham- 
pionships on January 24 and 25. 
Miss Budd will defend the 1,500 
metres title and run in one or two 
other indoor meetings before going 
on to Neuchatd in Switzerland on 
March 23 to defend foe world crass 
country championship, which she 
won so convincingly at her first 

Coc is concerned about having 
missed another substantial chunk of 
his summer season with injury last 
year and feels that he cannot afford 
to wait for track speed competition 
until next April or May. especially if 
he wants to run 5,000 metres in 
either foe Commonwealth Games in 
Edinburgh or foe European cham- 
pionships in Stuttgart. That would 

mean a likely 3,000 metres indoors 
for him. with a possible run in the 
European indoor championships on 

February 22 or 23 in Madrid. Spain, 
incidentally, virtually a third-world 
nation in athletics terms, has six 
indoor stadia. 

Mike McFarlane, one of the 
European indoor champions from 
last year - Todd Bennett and Rob 
Ham son are not competing - and 
Daley Thompson will have interest- 
ing dashes this week e ns with two of 
the outstanding juniors who titles in 
Cottbus last summer. McFarlane 
faces Thompson and foe young 
Scot. Elliott Bunney, in foe 60 
metres flat, while Jon Ridgcon. 
second fastest ever junior 'high 
hurdler with !3.43sec behind the 
13— 3sec of foe marvellous Ronaldo 
Nchemiah, also faces Thompson, 
foe doable Olympic decathlon 
champion, in the 60 metres hurdles. 

Ridgeon, who will still be eligible 
for the first world junior champion- 
ships in Athens in August leaves for 
two or force months warm weather 
training in foe United States next 
Wednesday, when Miss Budd 
should be arriving from a sojourn in 
South Africa, it is not certain that 
Ridgeon will compete in the United 
Stales. But Wendy Sly, for the same 
reasons as Coe. will race indoors on 
i he North American circuit, to plug 
the competitive gap left by las: 
year's knee injury. 


Round the 
world on 
a new tack 

From John Nicholls 

There has been speculation here, 
where the majority of the entries 
hare now completed their second leg 
of the White bread Ro end -the- World 
race, that there are likely to be 
changes to the coarse ana in the 
overall concepts of winning and 

The current race is the fourth to 
be organised by the Royal Naval 
Sailing Association (RNSA) for 
Whitbread and is a completely 
different event from lhe first one m 
1973/74. Then the fleet was made 
np of mainly production boats, 
though Chay Biyih and one or two 
others had specially bailt yachts. 
The attitude of the crews was of 
determination to get round safely 
without too much concern being 
given to the results. 

For the second race there was a 
subtle change in attitude. It was no 
longer the great adventure, everyone 
knew it could be done and the racing 
became harder. That year saw the 
first entry from Cornells Van 
Riecschoten in Flyer, the man and 
boat that probably had more to do 
with influencing the development of 
the race than any other factor. Van 
Rietschotcn was the first of the big 
spenders. Flyer won, as did a bigger 
and better Flyer four years later. 

Now the spending is in danger of 
getting oat of hand, each of the six 
specially built maxis in the present 
race have cost about £1 mQlroa to 
build and enter. While you cannot 
buy success, it must help to have the 
best More to the point is that these 
vast racing machines are now 
beyond the reach of any in dividual, 
even a Van Rietachoten, and they 
have to be sponsored. Nalnrally, 
sponsors need winners, so a new 
prize, the Long John Trophy has 
been introduced this time for the 
first yacht to complete the course on 
elapsed time. It is bound to be wan 
of the maxis, whereas the traditional 
handicap prize, the Whitbread 
Trophy is more likely to be won by 
one of the better-sailed, smaller 

There is a real possibility of the 
first to finish trophy stealing all the 
thunder from the ranch more 
difficult to win handicap prize and 
thus deterring entries from smaller 
boats in future races. Also die 
spread of time between the first and 
last to finish any kg is becoming 
wider as foe larger boats become 
faster and regularly break the comae 
records. Interest in any given leg 
leads (o have waned by the time the 

lost boat sails in. 

The only way to correct this 
tendency on the present coarse 
would be to reduce the size of the 
boats, unlikely to be popular with 
the sponsors or their professional 
crews. The alternative is to shorten 
the legs of the course, giving 
perhaps six stages instead of the 
present four. This is one of the ideas 
being considered by Rear Admiral 
Charles Williams, chairman of the 
RNSA race committee. Where to go 
is foe problem, there are not that 
many places equally spaced around 
the world that can handle a large 
Deer of large yachts. 

Another thing the admiral wonld 
like to do is encourage more entries 
from countries dul are poorly 
represented, particularly from Aus- 
tralia and the l’ tilted States. He 
thinks this would be more likely, 
because of sponsors' interests, if the 
race called at those countries. 

Bnt where could they go in 
Australia and still have a worth- 
while leg to Auckland, by far the 
most popular of the present ports? 
As for the United States, the 
admiral rather fancies the idea of 
finishing a leg In New. York, if he 
wants ballyhoo for his race that is 
where he is likely to find it. 

Then there is the dflenuna of 
Cape Town, so far, always the first 
slop after a leg of ideal length. It is 
unlikely that South Africa can ever 
be used agaUs who knows what will 
happen in that Hnhappy land within 
the next four years? It is believed 
tbst some potential entries for the 
present rare failed to materialize 
because of the decision to visit South 

Certainly there was no entry from 
the Royal Savy or joint services, 
always keen competitors in the past. 
This was probably unavoidable, 
given Britan's official srtitode. but It 
seemed unnecessary for Lord 
Trcfgarn of the Ministry of Defence 
to decline to call at Che RNSA/W- 
hitbread stand during a recent tour 
of the London Boat Show. It may be 
that the African continent will have 
to be avoided altogether next time; 
there seem to be no other saleable 

Another move to encourage foe 
smaller boats might be to award 
class prizes for cadi leg and overafi. 
At the moment they get none of the 
glory and little to show for their 
pains. For some, of course, winning 
is not and never has been the point 
of the exercise. Th race is the thing 
- foe longest and most demanding 
rare for foliy crewed yachts ever 
devised. Whether or not they will be 
so keen on an ‘easier’ coarse with 
shorter legs rennet be predicted- but 
it »vems certain that the a next race 
will be as different again as Che 
present one is from foe first 


Berry set to impe& 
US precedent 

By Robert Pri ce 

A former Dallas Cowboys full 
back, Walt Garrison, was once 
asked if Tom Landry- foe Dallas 
coach, ever smiled. “1 don't know,” 
Garrison said. “I only played there 
nine years." 

By precedent the successful 
professional football coach is a 
granite-hewn Stoic, a slave-driver of 
overgrown Spauins. but then 
precedent has not had a good time 
of it in the National Football League 
recently. Landry has mellowed 
enough to star in a comity 
humourous credit-card commercial 
and a new generation of coaches 
have robbed him of some of his 

Take, for example, one of his 
former assistants at Dallas, Ray- 
mond Berry. Modest. shon-sightoJ 
and a devout Christian. Berry in just 
over a year as head coach has 
brought the notoriously inconsistent 
and undisciplined New England 
Patriots to within one game of foe 
Super Bowl, their best season ever. 

"The whole key has been our 
head coach.” Steve Nelson, a New 
England linebacker, said. 

Last Sunday the Patriots defeated 
the formidable Los Angeles Raiders 
27-20 in foe Los .Angeles Coliseum. 
The deriding touchdown was scored 
by Jim Bowman, a reserve defensive 
back straight out of college. 

New England will now play the 
Miami Dolphins on Sunday for a 
place in foe Super Bowl - against 
either foe Chicago Bears or the Los 
Angeles Rams. Berry, who thinks 
"it’s incredulous", smiles like a man 
who cannot quite believe his good 

But New England’s winning 
touchdown owed more to Berry's 
good judgement than luck. “We're 
always doing loose-bait drills,” 
Bowman said afterwards. 

U would be stretching credulity in 
the limit to suggest that New 
England will win the NFL cham- 
pionship. especially as they have 
lost on their last 18 visits to Miami. 
But they are a versatile team unified 
in their purpose and their respect for 
each other and their coach. And 
precedent is an untrustworthy guide 
to the NFL. Take Raymond Berry 
as an example. 


Kalule will 
in Sheffield 

Herol Graham has "won” his 
battle with Ayub Kalule over their 
european middleweight title bout. 
Kalule, bora in Uganda but based in 
Denmark, was yesterday ordered by 
the European Boxing Union to 
defend his title against Graham on 
February 5. 

Tbe contest which will take place 
at the city hall in Graham’s home 
city, Sheffield, was switched to 
February 5 after being scheduled 
originally for Belfast. 

Kalule’s manager. Mogens Palle. 
objected to the switch, claiming he 
had agreed January 25 as the Belfast 

Meanwhile. Graham’s main 
British rival Mark Kay lor will meet 
Tony Harrison (Oklahoma) at foe 
top of the bill at foe Albert Hall on 
February 19. It will be Kaylor’s first 
contest since knocking out Errol 
Christie at Wembley two months 

Harrison has won 17 of his 24 
contests. In a recent bout he floored 
Buster Drayton - who stopped 
Kaylor at Wembley in 1984- before 
losing to foe American. 

Tony Sibson, another of Britain’s 
hading middle weigh is. will have a 
new opponent in his first contest 
under the managerial banner of 
Frank Warren. The Commonwealth 
champion will now meet Mexico’s 
lop middleweight. Juan Elizondo at 
the Alexandra Pavilion, London, on 
January 22. 

Elizondo, unbeaten in 1985, 
replaces the American. Ken Shan- 
non. who is now campaigning at 
light-middle and feels he will be 
giving too much weight away. 

Sitaon has not boxed since 
outpointing Kaylor in their three- 
title clash at foe Wembley arena in 
November. 1984. 

Title bout date 

Rome (AFP) - The Argentine 
Ubaldo Sacco's first defence of his 
World Boxing Association light- 
welterweight title, against foe 
former European champion, Pairi- 
z io Oliva (Italy), in Monte Carlo, 
has been brought forward a week to 
March 2S. 


Perry gives 
a problem 

By Richard Eaton 

England's Uber Cup campaign 
this season will hare to manage 
without the services of Nora Perry, 
the most successful player of the 
past two years, because she and 
Jake Downey, the new manager, 
cannot agree over travelling arrange- 

Those who remember Mrs 
Perry’s remarkable performance 
last time when she arrived in Koala 
Lumpur only three days before foe 
final and only 10 weeks after the 
birth of her daughter and yet played 
an important pan in England's 
siher medal success, will no doubt 
find foe disagreement hard to 

Mrs Perry, from Essex, is again 
asking (o be allowed Io travel 
separately from Che team and Io 
arme shortly before the finals in 
Jakarta: “Spending three weeks 
away from Jemma is too much. The 
separate arrangements worked OK 
last time. I am disappointed,” she 

Downey, however, is almost 
certainly influenced by the cata- 
strophic set of results England 
experienced only four months before 
he took over in October when they 
achieved one soli tan 1 bronze medal 
in the world individual champion- 
ships in Calgary. 

On that occasion better-known 
professionals, including Mrs Perry , 
were allowed to travel or prepare ah 
(hey preferred 

“I believe il essential »e do things 
as a team” Downey said. “I 
understand Nora’s situation exactly 
because I hare a small baby myself, 
but although I tried to talk it o'er 
with her it was not enough. She 
would only tune bad to spend five 
more days witb us than she is 
spending in the far east in 
tournaments thw mouth.” 

Downey's task is unenviable. He 
has to build a new team without two 
of tbe greatest players England bos 
ever had - Gillian Gilks withdrew 
from international competition nt 
the end of last year - and somehow 
to come np with an act to fallow the 
tmprecedended success of last time. 


Victories by juniors is 
crucial for world games 

By Colin McQuillan 

England's junior squad yesterday 
Triumphed in all three age groups of 
the Blue Band international team 
festival at Cannons Qub, London, 
successfully completing a week of 
individual and team competition 
vital to their hopes of junior world 
championship victory in Ausiralia 
next April. 

Platers from tight nations went 
straight imo the round robin 
qualifying pools of foe event on 
Monday from last weekend’s British 
Open championships at under- 19, 
under- 16 and under- 1 4, English 
boys were involved in the later 
stages of each individual compe- 
tition at the British Open and were 
on court again early Monday 
morning stripping away Sunday's 
National Westminster Bank spon- 
sorship posters to make way for the 
new display. 

For the under-! 9 squad the 
workload was essential preparation 
for the similar requirement of 
reaching two successive competitive 
peaks in Brisbane.” Bob Lincoln, 
the national coach of Squash 

Rackets Association, said. "We 
selected our teams here oui of the 
British Open performances and in 
the world championships results 
from the individual will influence 
taier team decisions.” 

Lincoln has been playing hu 
under-1? representatives in senior 
competitions across foe country all 
season and intends to continue this 
preparation around their two 
remaining team appointments prior 
to Brisbane, foe junior home 
internationals and foe European 
junior championships. 

FINALS; Undcr-19: Eng&nO tt Canada Z-1 10 
Harris tost to S Bu« M- W- »*■ M 
Oxley WT Thom W 9-2. 9-2: M 

Hooi«r m, 9-2, a-2). Undar-lfc Enslemd W 
Garmsrv: 3-0 (P Marsnafl lx J Wwnaiw 7-9. 
(K9?i?9-2; D Cemptan w S Firnr 
0, 10-& R HlpninsMi C EahrjsniiwsS^ 9-5. 
9-9. Uedor-14! Brtod fa GcrnewW ts 
Parke at S Halter 5-6. 6-1- Bwa MJ 
hue 90. 94. 94; J Vtokars to E Scftnelder 95. 

More sport 

on page 22 



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Breakaway less 
likely after 
second division 

clubs meet 


Hodge to Barcelona draw tEe 
plead world champions 



By. Stuart Jones. 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

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The threat of England’s 
leading clubs breaking away 10 
form their own so-called “Super 
League” has receded still furth- 
er. The second division club 
chairmen yesterday agreed with 
the proposal 5 that had been 
suggested by their first division 
colleagues and the changes are 
expected to be approved at an 
extraordinary general meeting 
lo be held probably early in 

The recommendations in- 
clude a gradual reduction of the 
first division, a series of play- 
offs for promotion from the 
srcond division, a reorganiza- 
tion of finance, a cut In the 
Football Association's share of 
the FA Cup pool and, signifi- 
cantly. a change in the voting 
procedure. The alterations 
would be carried out over the 
next two years. 

After the two-hour meeting at 
Lancaster Gate. Ron Noades, 
the chairman of Crystal Palace 
and the spokeman for the 
second division, said: “Pro- 
motion and relegation will be as 
usual this season. For the next 
two seasons, two clubs will go 
up from the second division 
and three will go down from the 

"It will mean that there will 
be an odd number of clubs in 
the lop two divisions for one 
season but, after two years, we 
shall get down to the required 
20 in the first and 24 in the 
second. After that, it will be 
three up and three down. 

“The third team in the 
second division would play off 
for the last promotion place 
with the fourth, fifth and sixth 
teams in the division. The play- 
offs will take one of two forms. 
They will be either a mini- 
league of four clubs or a straight 

knock-out of two semi-finals 

and jufinal". 

Mr Noades also confirmed 
that his colleagues had proposed 
to reduce the FA's share of the 
Cup pool from 33 per cent to 20 
per cent. Yet the change in the 
voting rules, which would 
effectively double the strength 
of the first division, remains the 
most controversial and import- 
ant topic. 

At present, each of the clubs 
in the top two divisions each 
holds one vote. Under the new 
structure, the first division 
clubs would each bold two, 
those in the second division one 
each and those in the third and 
fourth as now, eight between 
them. The first division, with 
40. would thus hold the balance 
of power. 

Mr Noades is to contact 
Philip Carter, the chairman of 
Everton and the first division's 
spokesman, to inform him 
about the meeting. “1 am sure 
that now there is no question of 
the big clubs breaking away." he 
said. The chairman of the third 
and fourth divisions are also lo 
hold their own discussions. 

The prospect of the top 
Scottish dubs peeling away has 
also slightly diminished. Talks 
between the 28 members of the 
top two divisions in Glasgow 
yesterday ended with the hope 
of a reconciliation between the 
nine clubs that are dissatisfied 
with the present structure and 
the rest. 

Jack Steed man, a director of 
Gy debank, said: “The manage- 
ment committee will now 
prepare a document for dis- 
cussion with representatives of 
the nine clubs and will seek to 
meet with them at an early date 
under the chairmanship of 
David Will, the president of the 
Scottish Football Assodation. 

Aston ViUa are -claiming * case of 
‘ mimitfen identity over the booking 
of Steve^ Hodge in the drawn FA 
Cbj> tie at Pbrstsmouth, . test 
Saturday. . 

Villa- say the offence in question 
was committed by Made Walters, 
■who had already been .booked and 
could- lace suspension if the appeal 
is upheld by the FA. 

If Hodge's booking stands, he will 
pass 21 penalty points and incur a 
two-match ban- which would keep 

him out of a League game against 
Luton Town and the Milk Cup 
quarter-final against Arsenal. 'bn 
January 22 . 

The ’FA wiQ not ask the referee, 

Colin Downey, for his observations. 
He booked six players and sent off 
Portsmouth's Bifly Gilbert last 
weekend, bnt trill not be in charge of 
the replay because of a pulled calf 
muscle. ■ 

It is the second time this season, 
that a black player fW alters J and a 
white player. (Hodge) have been 
involved m an appeal based, on a 
plea of mistaken identity. Last 
month the Southampton winger 

Danny Wallace successfully pro- 
tested that be was wrongly booked 
against Newcastle" United and the 
caution was transferred to Jimmy 
Chse - who is stiQ serving a two- 
match ban. 

Last season Villa claimed - that the 

Saving face?- Hodge (left) claims -he was mistaken for Waiters (right) 

Money for Rochdale Sharp’s the 
as United cash in wordfor 

forward Peter Withe was wrongly 
sent off at Ipswich Town. His 
second booking went instead *)o his 
team-mate Paul Rideout, who also 
collected a suspension for' his 

• Glenn HoddJe (knee), Graham 
Roberts (ankle) and John Chiedozie 
(knee) all substained injuries in 
Wednesday's FA Cup win over 
Oxford United and are doubtful for 
. tomorrow’s League visit by Notting- 
ham Forest. 

Oxford also have injury problems 
with eight players, including 
Trewick, Philips, Brock and Briggs, 
ruled oat of tomorrow’s League visit 
by Manchester United. 

• Brighton yesterday signed Colin 
HilL the Arsenal defender; on loan 
and he will play in tomorrow’s 
second division match at Blackburn 
Ravers. Bob Latchfard has joined 
Newport County on a month's Joan 
from Lincoln City 

By Peter Ball 

Manchester United 
Rochdale 0 

Plea for ‘sin bins’ 

A ‘Vim bin" for instant punishment 
nf offenders and the introduction of a 
10-yard penalty for dissent at free- 
kicks were among proposals dis- 
cussed when representatives of the 
players, referees. Football League 
and managers and secretaries met in 
Manchester yesterday . 

There is concern in the game 
because already this season more 
than 120 players have been sent off, 
compared with 165 for the whole of 
Last season. 

Gordon Taylor, the PFA sec- 
retary, said: “We are looking for a 
more sensible attitude from referees 
and linesmen". 

“We have dkmssed what works in 
other sports such as the 10-yard 
penalty and ‘sin bins'. The game is 
definitely getting faster and it may 
be opportune to look at instant 

Neville Ashley, the referees' 
spokesman, said: “The game is 
certainly getting faster and incidents 
are being exaggerated because of the 

“Possible rule changes will have 
lo be considered by the FA technical 
committee before it is decided 
whether or not to pass them to tire 
International Board for consider- 

Against the League leaders. 
Rochdale could not manay the 
upscL of the century. The fourth 
division team, however, left Old 
Trafford having earned at least 
grudging respect for their prickly 
refusal to be overawed by Man- 
chester United and, equally import- 
ant, around £40,000 to keep them 
going for a while. 

Ironically, the twice-postponed 
tic was played in excellent 
conditions, nature's thaw having 
proved more effective than United's 
heating. Tbe delay had not been 
long enough for any of United's 
injured to recover, so mark Higgins, 
tbe former Everton Captain, was 
making his United debut two years 
after a pelvic injury had forced his 

Higgins showed that he had lost 
none of his bite in the intervening 
period, being warned in the first 
minute for a Laddc which left 
Thompson spreadeaglcd. 

Spurred on by over 8,000 
supporters - where do they go 
usually? - Rochdale's own tackling 
soon had its wild side as United 
pressed forward. 

Bui the fourth division team were 
sadly undone by a basic error after 
only IS minutes. Redfern's weak 
goal kick went straight to the lurking 
Stapleton, who held off Tooke and 
drove ii back over the goalkeeper 
from 25 yards. 

With Hughes still searching for 
that elusive g w d . United showed 
little imagination in dealing with the 
barbed wire tackling. A header from 
Stapleton was their only subsequent 
threat lo Redfem until the last 
minute of the half when a splendid 
move by Gibson and Albiston 
ended with Stapleton's shot bounc- 
ing away off the bar. 

Encouraged by their defensive 
success in the first period, Rochdale, 
began to push forward on their own 
account in the second 

Moore appealed furiously for a 
penalty as he was balked trying to 
mccl Grant's free kick. Before the 
hour Rochdale's first corner arrived 
and Cooke brought, his aerial 

two years 

qualities forward to give Turner his 
first real save. 

first real save. 

United's response to that lese- 
majeste was a spell of furious 
pressure, but they could not breach 
Rochdale's spirited resistance. As 
the game entered its final quarter 
United survived another scare as 
Turner dropped a cross under 
pressure from Taylor, 

lhe dosing minutes provided 
bitter-sweet moments for Hughes. 
Booked for a foul on Cooke, which 
means he will miss Liniied's fourth 
round tic at Sunderiand he then 
found the goal which had been 
eluding him, turning home Black- 
more's cross. 

A Afcifiton. N WMtesfcM, M Hgflfen. W Garten. 
C Btadomva. G Strachan. M Hughas. F 

C BtaeJanara. G Strachan. M Huflhas. F 

Soplaton. C Gibson. . , 

ROCKDALE: D Rotflam. P HMttn. D Grant J 
McMahan. J Cooks. K redes. D Thompson, S 

Taytor. R Moore, J Swcman. S Johnson. 
Manat VG CsSow (SoHiuto- 

Sharp Electronics win extend 
their sponsorship of Manchester 
United by two years. 

The news provides football with a 
welcome commercial boost following 
Canon's decision earlier this week to 
end their sponsorship of the 
Football Leauge. 

The Sharp chairman, loshi 
Mitsnda, said: “For the last four 
seasons we have developed strong 
and beneficial Kwh* with Man- 
chester United. We have much in 
common. The dob is the biggest and 
best in the country and is recognized 
and admired throughout the world. 

“It is an ideal, successful 
partnership and I am confident that 
both the dob and tbe sport will 
continue to show- a good return tor 
oar support." 

Mitsnda said: ."We were not 
really interested in . tak in g oyer 
sponsorship of the League 'because 
we believe we have got the best with 
the League leaders and that will be 
more beneficial to ns.." 

It is understood that the new deal 
is worth £750,000 which, added to 
the £250,000 United received for Its 
basketball team, makes it the 
biggest “doable header" sponsor- 
ship with a sports dab in the 

Martin 1 Edwards, chairman and 
chief executive of United, said: “At a 
time when soccer has. not enjoyed 
the best start - to - a - season 
culminating in the recent loss of 
League sponsorship, this decision of 
Sharp Electronics is most welcome 
and encouraging. 

.. The /centra, of- the continental; 
sh«e was yesterday clea red 
arguably the two most powerful 

■ dobs in the world. Jnvcotus, who 
claimed the official title last mottin 
in Tokyo, and Barcelona, who 
walked away with the Spanish 
championship under Terry 
Venables last season, arc to meet tn 
the quarter- finals of the European 
Cup. - 

- Bayern Munich and Anderlecht 
win play * -significant supporting 
role and British interest will turn to 
the wings where Aberdeen and 
Gbtcborg will be feeing each other. 
But all will be overshadowed by the 
ties feat 'are to . take place m 
Barcelona’s expansive home, the 
Nou Camp, on Match 5 and in 
Turin’s Stadia Comm unale a 
fortnight later. . 

Juventus, a side that was built 

■ specifically to win - the . -European - 
CUp, achieved that ahn; last May,' 
.but their win over Liverpool was 
Tost ggniTi-tt the tragic backcloth in 
Brussels Subsequently .ordered to 

- play their first two home fixtures in_ 
thj« season's competition behind 
dosed doors, the Italian League 
leaden could not have opened their 
.gates to more attractive visitors. 

Barcelona, after a sl uggish start in 
Spain, accelerated to ' within one 
point of Real Madrid,, although the 
gap between the two rivals has since 
widened to four. They' confirmed 
their recovery by Knocking out 
Sparta Prague and, particularly, the 
dangerous Porto, the Portuguese 
representatives from _ across the 
Iberian peninsular, in the last 
round. . ' 

After nonchalantly dismissin g 
Jeunesse cTEsch- 9-1 on aggregate, 
Juventus gained an equally notable - 
triumph over Verona, their dom- 
estic champions. Whoever emerges 
as the victor on March 19 is surelo 
become the firm favourites and the 
key is likely to be held by Platini, 
recently voted the European Player 
of the Year, and Schuster, the West 
German living in self-imposed exile;. 

Quarter-final draws - .... 


sjbohSut cup 

Vienna v Dynano Kiev; . DuW* P»W* V 
Borden Dynamo DresdW v BeyyUwdngori; 
Red &»BelsrBdevA*S» Madrid - 


Aberdeen, the conquerors , of 
Akranes and Serve tie, will return to 
the Ultevi Stadium, where they boat 
Real in e;ctra-tim* to win thclCup 
Winners' Cnp ' in 1933.^ Alex 
Ferguson, their manager, said that 
“it is a special - place for us- and 
Gotenborg is one of the sides we 
wanted because they are jnst coming 
out of their winter hibernation”.' - - 

But Goteborg. who became the 
first and so far tbe only -Swedish 
dub to win a European trophy when 
they collected the UEFA Cup under: 
the guidance of Bobby Houghton m 
1 982, should not be taken lightly. A ‘ 
forceful,- attacking writ, ,-tiwy 
dismissed Fcnerbahcg. the Turks 
who as t onisb ly removed . Bordeaux 
in the opening round. *- ‘ ' 

. Pfeff Bayern’s Belgian goal- 
keeper, was far from happy ■abonr 
vbc prospect of feeing bis xoUegues. 
He . said: “Anderlecht -have 10 
internationals and play unbelievable 
attacking football, but -they., are 
disciplined as well". Udq -Lattak,. 
Bayern's manager, echoed his’ 
sentiments. "This is the worst thing' 
that could have happened fa us. At 
'least against Juventus or Barcelona, . 
we would have filled the swriinro**. ' 

Benfica are the favourites'to win 
the Cop Winners' Cup after being 
drawn against DukJa Prague, or 

Czechoslavakia. They are expected 
to be ctraileiuxd bv Rapid' Vienna. - 

to be challenged by Rapid 'Vienna, 
who followed a controversial : path 
to last season's final. Real, with the 
easiest drew in the UEFA Cup, are 
favoured to retain it. *• 

Denmark suits 
Sexton in 

Everton arid 
set to meet 

Wednesday’s results 

FA CUP: TMrri round raptay: Tottartwn 
Honour 2, Oxford United 1 (Mt sewn attar 90 
mins 1-1: Tottenham away to Stoke SRy or 

' Dave Sexton, the manager of the 
England 'team seeking to win the 
European under 21 championship 
for the third -time in succession, is 
not worried that his ride wDl have to 
face Denmark is the quarter-finals. 

Zurich (Reuter). - EVertan^ the 
League Champions, -barred from 
Europeancompetitien baoufee-ef the ■ 
indefinite ban on English dobs, are 
to- play two friendly: ypinq 

roWTH^lfcsiOM: ‘Hartlepool Untied 1. 

KXrmEH? LEAGUE Premtor (Melon: R S 
Southampton a Omeeend ft WaUng 3. 

GOLA LEAGUE: Chaftanham 2, Northwtdi 
victoria D. 

VAUXHALWJPS. LEAGUE: Prouder dhrtatoro 
Yaovlft Wlndaor and Eton 1. 

Layton 0. 

• Al other mettfew -postponed. 


“We are expecting two hard games, 
but we don't mind. the. draw," 

He added: “Denmark's- senior 
team. has. come on leaps amd 
bounds over the past 18: months so 
it is feir to assume that this 
improved standard wDl be reflected 
throughout their game-” •' 

Kuwait banned 

CLUB MATCHES: Gtomoipan Wanderers 34, 
Tredegar 22: UaneU 34. Abertflery ft 
Pontypridd 13, Lydney *. 

TOUR MATCH: MttMaex 14. Queensland 4. 

• Al otter matchMcancafled. . 

Yesterday’s results 



CENTRAL LEAGUE: Flrat dMatac Liverpool v 
Barnsley, poetpwwd. 

Kuwait (Reuter)- - FIFA have 
suspended - Kuwait from, inter- 
national competition in the wake of 
a multi-million dollar scandal over 
alleged misuse of state funds. The 
move threatens . the hopes and 
ambitions; of Malcolm Allison, .the 
manager brought in last year. to. 
rebuild the: national team after .a 
series of set-backs since h readied 
the 1982 World Cup finals. 

The bon u English, qiobs, 
imposed after the riot at last gfear’s 
European Cnp final .‘.between . 
Ererton's dty rivals, Liverpool; and 
Joventu* which left 39 dead, vra*. 
relaxed fry the FIFA bst month, 
when -they decided to allow Engfish 
chibs to participate in friendlies :ia 
Europe after lifting a bap on 
1 friendlies outside Europe last July. 

. “We have, been talking to 
juventus here in Zurich since 
Wednesday," Philip Carter, the 
Everton 1 chairman' said. ~ “We have 
agreed -to play two friendlies, home 
and away, on ifates Still - to be , 

dedded..ftjmndepdqds.on'whatfree - 
dates we baTe available. 

on page 20 

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' - i- 

-now arrived in 

Britain at - the Milton Keynes 
headquarters of Mercedes Benz 
UK. They -will he taken to a 
number of provincial cities , and 
demonstrated before Agoing on loan 
io the Science Museum in London 
and the National Motor Museum at 

The -tittle town of Ladenburg .oh 
the banks of the Neckar river- near 
Mannheim will also be playing an: 
important- role in the celebrations. 
Last year Daimler Benz bought the 
last home of Kari Benz with its 
extensive gardens running down to 
the rivers, edge and renovated it 
lavishly, h has just opened them to 
the public. 

Among the thing s to see are, 
original designs from Benz’s* draw- 
ing board, his lathe, a model of the 
Patent Motorwagen, original docu- 
ments belonging to, ~ him and 
members of his numly -and papers 
exmeenud with the - Ladenburg 

Benz was nearly .60. when he . 
bought the. house and continued to 
live there for a quarter of a century.- 
His wife Bertha, who set -tongues 
wagging when she somewhat 
foonshly but bravely demonstrated 
the potential of some of her 
husband’s earliest and most fragile 
designs, continued to iive there a 
forther 40 years. 

In May 1939 she celebrated her 
90th birthday with a parade of . 
veteran can past her 1 front door. 
She died in 1944 aged 95.- 

If readers are dunking of visiting 
fee “shrine** it is guile easy to find.' 
Just ask .anyone in Ladenburg for 
Dr Karl Benz Square. -s*.*’.- 

Golfs secret 

Volkswagen’s Golf has been on 
sale for more than 1 1 1 years now and 
to the casnl- obsdrriir has changed 

i how justified the planners were in 
s avoiding change for change sake/ 
z : The Golf goes from strength to 
i strength, particularly In Britain. 
I - Last year saw. more than 30,000 
X -sold here, hum 'than 5,000 above 
r the company’s target and ah all- 
t- time record. 

- It slots nicely between some of 
1 the bluest selling competitors in 
r foe market such as the Escort 1.6L 
1 and 1.6GL; the Maestro 1.6L and 

- 1.6HL - and the" Astra T.6L* «tni 
: 1.6GL. Butit also has a foot m 
» another camp a title moreupmar- 
k ket, competing with such mod els as 
e_ the Sierra 1.6 basic and the Cavalier 
i 1.6. basic. . Both are bigger' cars but 

- neither has. the' level oF equipment 
which comes as standard in the CL. 

F sometimes think i could get 

- into- a Golf blindfolded and ifit 

were' possible to drive in that 
condition could tell within the first 
couple of miles that I- was indeed in 
a Golf Jbere is a nice taught feeling 
to all the co ntrols, their positioning 
is practical and .their operation 
purposeful; * 

- The steering is still a tittle too 
heavy at manoeuvring speeds but -a 
sheer delight from -every other 
aspect Road holding is leechlike 
and ' the ride surprisingly relaxing 
fora car which is only 13 feet long. 
Having a wheel as near as possible 
to each corner is largely responsible 

An added bonus for purchasers 
of 1986 . VWs is ' the promise of 
lower maintenance costs - as much 
as one-third less according to the 
company! Mileage between major 
services has been doubled to'. 
20,000. Maintenance free valve gear 
with hydraulic tappets, automatic 
'• dutch, electronic ignition and long- 
. life sparkplugs play a big part m 

:. What makes ! t so successful? 
harifly/ap eyecatching beauty with 
its square-looking front and far 

beautiful you must be blind”, to 
more reasoned arguments such as 
“Did you ever see a. car looking 
more purposeful” and simply “To 
be candid X never think about its 
appearance. It just does everything 
I want a car to do and it does -it 
wdL” The- latter comment, coming 
from a driver on his fifth Golf, goes 
a long -way towards the real answer. 

It is also my view of the present 
Golf but it was not my view of its 
predecessor. Among my complaints 
then were excessively spongy . 
brakes. There was no initial bite 
and they required too much 
physical effort The gear change was 
also noteby and imprecise in 
selection. The boot was tmy and the * 
rear seat passengers cramped. - 

VW. tackled each of these 
shortcomings in the new Golf. The 
hrakes acquired fed and purpose. 

Vital statistics . - 

Model: Golf CL 1.6 

Price £6J49 

Engine: IJ9 Sqb 

Performance : 0-60mph 12 seconds, max 
speed fflmph. Official consumption: 
Urban 325mpg. 56mph 5J.3mpg, and 
75mph 40.4mpg. 

Length: . 


13.1 feet 
group five 

the gear chang e improved signifi- 

cantly, luggage space increased by 
one-third and passengers at last 
found h possible to ride in the back 
of the Golf without rubbing their 
knees on the seat in front. 

- 1 recently sent some time with a 
newcomer to the Golf family, the 
CL 1.6. Up to now the popular CL 
modd has only been available with 
a 1.3 engine. want a bigger 
engine you had to go for the much 
more expensive GL version. At 
£6,549 the CL 1.6 represents, a 
clever piece of marketing by VAG, 
the JLombo. owned : concessionaire 
which, controls Audi and VW sales 

lish with a miwiniuTn of grammati- 
cal emus and misprints. The new 
manual would appear to have been 
.written by a Japanese student early 
on in his linguistic coarse”. 

Honda UK told me they have 
■ removed the “offending notice” 
which was apparently printed on a 
glossy card embellished with a 
purple ribbon to draw special 
- attention to it. Instead they are 
sending a service bulletin to their 
dealers’ asking them to give 
purchasers verbal instructions on 
operating the ventilation system. 

Alas too many issues of the new 
manual have been printed for it to 
be scrapped and reprinted. “But we 
shall try to. dean up the grammar 
next time round” they assured me. 

Snow chaos 

'Why is it that every year without 
fail a few inches of snow brings 
utter chaos to our cities? On 
Tuesday I - took fi ve-an d-a-half- 
honrs to travel 12 miles from my 
office in Bi rmingham to my home 
at Stourbridge. The first three hours 
were spent in the city centre where 
traffic came to a complete standstill 
for half an hour at a time and then 
moved only a few yards before 
stopping again. 

The West Midlands County 
Council laid the blame squarely on 
the motorists.' An official said so 
many Birmingham workers dedded 
to leave their offices early to beat 
the snow that they caused traffic 
jams, preventing gritting lorries 
getting to work on key roads. It is 
an excuse we have heard before and 
it is not good enough- Snow 
warnings were publicized more 
than 24 hours earlier. The gri tiers 
should have -been out that night, 
not the following afternoon. 

'*■ Cbsacjnhlte. Grayhicfe.-6.000 m. 

Sn satmJ£?* B ' 9en S *to eWcte SlWui. 
500 SL ®^Y- C^atpagne. Brazil doth. 9.00Cta. 

23-500 m- 

25 ® ®^? /verWwe ' Sh «wfauctfii500fn 
.J2 59.000m: 

280 SL 714- Fjord blue. B/acfctex. P9.500 rri 

280 E 85KMi<,prwnitex, 11,500m ■ 

25 - 

230 TE 

230, EBmCtaSSfcwhite.^^ 

ZOO Tg3YL5/gr^^.0ffWfjrai^do1/). 34.500m. 
ISO E 8 5R Atari* blue. Grey ctoift. 8,000 
180 E 84A.Afldnfgfnb/ue. Blue ctor/i. 78,580m. 
600 7U. Asuet s/lvec Block hide. 88, 000m. 

Bradshaw & VUebb 
















Saiftft: Mayfair 01-403 7705/Chelaaa 01-352 7392 
Sanrfce A Parts: Wandsworth 01-870 8811 

f IvanPagT-Ratcliff I 

NEW - 



spa S£L Knead kin. gnr nter. ESfl. 

date. Sadat Moles. 

BH sa U#L Unfed kkx. Gf*y k*to*r. 

Z3S E aSi soaki dm; i/s 

SaSs-Hoyca Wm ■ 1S7B, cfamjngDt, 

1 My met RH. 8Mt nan. 

UK (Y) MM KL Lapis Btao, Bny Vstoar, 

mz Jagm 42 IU Mmc, Mm Mo. ESR, 
57,Mta. 1 nan. 

mz turn cam sr, ms. «ih iUk 

Mm HnS E^u. 2MB TSE. 5-qmd 
■4 Mm. turn ante nuft 

WINDSOR 881547 7X. 843462. 

no SC Sept 1982. blue wua Muo 
velour ishoHMy. cruise control, air 
com. BUuponkt aiarao. S*MO ml* 
only, ascdlant com mranohom. 
£14.000. 0434 428339. 


B (B) Merewtes Bwu 1900 hwy. 
Brown trim. 5 spd. manual, mjsfr, 
14,000m EtiraJ 

M (A) HMMdM Bwu ISO hm. 
Brown trim, 5 spd, manual, m/s/r, rad/ 
caas. lowmbayg 


M (A) Mtrfdaa Bwz 24OT Dlrnel 
•slam car. Brown. Belas trim, 5 spd m 
an. fitted axtras. IB.OOOm £12^50 
B3/V) Uenmdaa Bens 230E WM». 
Blue doSi trim, S apd man. 58r. 
23.000m Eiroo 

BZ (X) HwM d M Buu 200T Man. 
Eeteto car. WMm. BIub doth Mil. tad 
rad/caas - OJSO 

0432 30456 /£^.\ 

500 SL C Reg 

4.000 miles, metallic silver, black 
hide, rear seats. Usual full Mer- 
cedes spec. Cherished plate 
available. £29,995 ono. 


daytime 0332 366039 
evenings 0332 810526 

1983 aula. 29,000 rates, ti/s 
taps, cruse, abs, hJ.w.w M 
metallic sflvar, blue bather, 
personal rag £18,000. 

Tshlpswrcli B473 57671 
allies teas. 

MCRCCOCS 280 TC. Cruhw control. 
aUoy wtttrii. «{kti1c windows. 
■uraMM roof. meaklHc oatnt £4.950. 
TcL 0222 B1 0040 (T). 

Auto 50.000 miles. 1979 

awwrnom canmiun. Steraft OKMlte. 
seryk* hUnrr, saJSoST im sa tti 

MERCEOCI 230 E, l>ory Jane -B4. A 
nv iB.OOC mb. FSH. Llcc/w. sun'r. 

«M £11.000. Ol-aSZ S392d*y or 

230 E. Auto. 1934. Kory/L ten. 18.000 
mite, a new. fsh. many extras. 
£I0A50 ono. 109781 3657%. 


LHD brand naw. 1S8&. Ftfly kwdad, 
choice at cdours: wtte black or 
■non groan. Price ax-Franfcftirt 
£10700 (42X00 DM) ana 

For full details contact 
West Germany 069 590657 
Telex 4170129 


2.3 16 valve 

UK supplied. Good spec. 
Immediate delivery. £24,950. 

Exeter (0392) 215141 07 

Mercedes 500 SEC S3 (A). Lt 
ivory, BraxS velour, fuB Lorinser 
ktt, in. lowered suspension, big 
wheels, A MG exhaust, etc., 
52A00 mis. Service history. 
Absolutely immaculate. £22,750 
0302 834426/700583(1) 

Rolls-Royce and Bentley 
Authorised Dealers 
and Distributors 


■ ■ ■ — LIMITED— 

'83 tanantn, SQvcr/nueUa stone Wdc. FSH. 29.600 ml^ C57,5aD 
8 S Slwr spirit Onp ocean ^narciintenr hide, piped an y. a .BOO 

80 SSnr Wnmi Widow sold.'iurk Brown hide, dark brown 

evarflec, 66.000 nib .£22.750 

_ 1*77 BHvor Shadow Stiver Mink/Blur hide. 

lEfEtSbl Wnfrd a P«*dBrcv. FSH. 67.900 .C14XBO 

I Tat (9222] 592383 Sudan (0222) 

1 = 811949/70390! 

198CC REG 2*0 SL. 1 .OOO nUtea oniy. 
MM patrol bine /B ei ge • tot ABEL 
naa. £21 .600- Tel Mr Ganlnvr. 
04203 4011 ante 042 878 6382 

BUtupunkl faunae con £18.960, Tel: 
01-248 1742 day 01-624 8730 CVC3 
04614203 wkends. 

also on page 24 

Atinie for flowers. 

tH Interflora 

More than words can sav 



2 ? Trade 01 - 837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01 - 8375533 or 3311 


ni' whom hb mother cumfortrth. * 
will I comfort you. MlaliM 12.13. 


PIOMORE _ on December lah. b> 
svIvm in tU'-M'd third daughter 
iVohir Alexandra Charlotte). 
BOWEN - On January 8U1 at John 
Dad cliff* Hotpltol. Oxford to Jane 
in« Hontain and Jonathon, a daugh- 
ter. Alice. 

BRADFORD. — On T January, at Uid- 

vrrxjty College Hospital. In Caroline 
i nee King) and Robert, a daughter. 
Lily Sarah. 

CARTER-- on Derem Mr snn. 1 9f». 
la Lindsay inee KIi-WhikI) and 

la Lindsay 

SrephcnTa daughter. Ctirtdltia 

riiiTTERBUCK - On Bbi Jan uary. 
imwMJW** 1 Ctuwlea. a aaconG 

ERSKtNE. - On January 80i 1986 at 
Nm swells Hospital. Dundee, la 
Catherine into HewlltO and Polar, a 

FRASER on 8Ui January 1986 to 
Antonia I nee ctbbouj annd Anselm, a 
son James Anselm. 

IRBY - On January 8 to Ginger (n*e 
Wallace) and Peter, a son. Edward 
Peter Anthony Wallace. 

IRWIN. - On 6th January, to Tessa 
■ nee love) and Jeremy, a daughter 
iHmMU Rose), a stater for PcHly. 

JENIHNOS - On New Yean Day. 
1986. la Gtna (nee Bras) and Dole-a 
daughter CArabefla Daonkfl. 

MAWLE. - On January 4. lo Jane (rrfr 
Sutler i and Peter, a daughter. Harriet 

McCORKEU. - on January 3rd 1986. 
to Susan rate Good body) and David, 
a daughter. Camilla Charlotte 

PERRY - On January 2nd. his unde's 
birthday, to Naomi and Alan a son. 
Edmund James Louis, a brother for 
Daniel aid Ouy. 

RUSSELL on January dth at the 
Pri n cess Louise Margaret Hospital to 
Lucy fnee Sharp) annd Christopher, a 
son Robert James. 

SALMON - On December 3 1st Id 
M argaret (nde Tangyel and JUian. a 
daughter. Imogen, a stater for 
Christopher. Victoria and Abigail. 

WARREN - On January 7Ui. in DtMre 
■nee Smith i and Jamea-a daughter 
■Caroline Rebecca). 

WHISHAW on 4Ui January to Jane 
mte Matthews) and Jonathan, a son 
Tobias Matthew, a brother for Mark 
and Robert. 

WOO DOER - On December SOUt to 
Svlvta m*e Paterson) and Nlgrt. a son 
■Thomas With am). 

WOODKAMS on SIh January at 
Lower Hutt Hospital Now Zealand lo 
Oenone and Mlchaal a son Adrian 

WOHS3AM - on . January TUi tn The 
Buchanan Hospital. SL Leonanta-on- 
Sea. to Amanda and Marts, a daugh- 
ter. Jennifer Anne. 

YOUNG - On January 3th. 1986. at 
the Barralt Maternity Home. 
Northampton, to Pru inee Mumfordj 
and Andrew -a son. a brother far 

Ky : T t 

I f.' i'j l . i f |I S B r 

OMtatpaNwtam E128 _ 

■ Sort cataitop from £8fl 

«Wng»-P*y by omdt oari 
MfctetaatGstrt*. . . 

Tsfc 01-3S1 5446 

. ATOL1337B 

® Trade 01-837 ft*** PrivateQl -857 3353 or 33 a 



The Lctt!ngA}»ents 

FULL LBMTM LYNX fur gw L tfte 

afir^SftaSSa £& S5* “ 


■kl. rtuM» 

SKI SKILLS LTD (0737) 67152 

3S5IU*r r S&*V-f^Tf 


The tropical tetands of The 
Seychelles. Exotic, unspoilt- Day 
offer mn then library hotels and 
eaUUng wa rn spo rt s . Our new 
brochure. devoted to The 
Seychelles only, also feature: small 
hotels and gueetltouses run by 
SeycheOota families or. at Use other 
end of the seals, a chance to onlay 
Nine an a private island. Seiner ■ 
untaue “ Pt» a i n . Dtneuut" meal 
plan. Ore Pun card and an exciting 
ch a tii e of 2-taIand holidays, add to 
the outstanding value. Prices atari 
at lust ES7S (Children RSUTO. And 
wherever you Uve a the UK. lus> 
Ct7 rfves you a first-class British 
Rail Link to and men Galwtek 
Airport (children under dye travel 
Dre) wtlh B ni ghts a week to chooeo 

fOratiro cnm e. 

HER TFORD (0992)660606 


Algarw 1 wk tr Cog 2 wfcsh- £89 
Tenertfb t wk tr £149 2 wks^V 

Oesa. to. 12 Jen. 
Algarve 1 wk fr CM 2 wfca JrClW 
Tenerife 1 w» B- £IB9 2 viol) 

Dm IT. 19. 24. 36. 31 Jen. 
Many other Hobdays A data avail- 
able. includes apt or hotel A roghtj 
from Gatwtck A Manchester. Subl. 
to suaips A avail. Instant bookings 

direct from 


TeL Sheffield (0742) 331 iOO (24 
nraj. Manchester (06il B3« 8033 
(24 hrs). London 101)260 1358. (24 
brsL AIM 2034. 

FrankfUf £59Calro £208 
Parts £69 Nairobi £339 

Rome £99 Joburg £436 
Milan £88 H Kong £496 
Athens £109 Toronto £249 
Malaga £86 N York £270 
Faro £89 LA/SF £34* 

Gen/Zor £79 Syd/Mel £699 
Vienna £1 29 DheH £346 
L Palmas £119 TAvtv £169 

21. Swallow SL, London. W.l 

Tkt 01-4370637 01-794 9803 



2^8“ SS MS 

KHARTOUM £185 E279 

LAGOS £220 £320 

DELHI -BOM £226 £330 

BANGKOK £185 £320 

DOULA £— £420 

and many more 
162/ 168 Regent SL London W.l. 


Late + group bookings wUiui ne 













2 Denman StreeL London. W1 
. Tel Ot-439 5821 /BOOT 


MAYFAIR. luxury 2 M BrtavafMMe 

S^wy gS *fgS 

Auckland £460 £77 4 


LosAhOOJra £177 £350 


191 Earn Court ROM. SW 6 

Phone: OMT94B2 


Smreup to£ISO_ 
OiotatPoraes: £139 

Tet 01-785 2200 

Me ntal. P ena 10422) 78121 
ART A 16723 ATOL 1 


SSUUn- CAPABLE ftnMoytngjsesm 

r eq u ired to come aid mbs ron 
antic TUa deelgn tn FUham. 01-381 



LADY DRIVER, 45. wan B tuulMd . 
write Bou 28B6 R The Timm. 


Tet 01-441 0122 (24 hrs) 


Nairobi. Januro. cairn. duImLIp- 

Bmkifcf*^SrKuna &£££■ 

Europe A the nanT ha 

TraveL 3 New gm*ec 8L Marina 
Arch. London WIH 7DD. 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00. 

SPAIN. £89 H t T UW L January llto. 
Gatwlcfc/Son Javier CB9 mbn tom 
La Manga Club. I hour 20 mtm tram 
Ahcante. 7/14 mgr Nm 
Bock now. 01-691 32TB. Ptar 
Shiyvesam Travel 

SKI HOLIDAYS from £59 


DULWICH, MEM. S bed Ju rntabed 
motortaiB bmOv taM wlSi ouagi. 
by park 25 Jan -22 Mar. £128 pw. 
01-737 3172. 

BAYSWATBI - lax 3 bod. Oat, mod 

Hock, avail now (to to 3 aUa. £200 
P.W. Qntt. baattog A h-w.) <0065) 


2 roome. k 6 b. £278 pw. Tkli 946 
7 188 CD. • 

ST JAMB'S met SW. Very 
araart 2 bedroom a/e ant Ml to purC 
mtod tort. 373 6306 (TL 


World's Leading 

InnrairiQDaL News, 
Information and 
. Communications Company, 
■eeb En glish mother tongue 


senior executive in Paris. 

Fust class working 
environment within small very 
senior management team. 

Good French, other 
lan guage^ shorthand a distinct 
advantage. High Salary. 
Hw dob M- Youpa IM 
4IM89W «r 4^3449 As w*Mrt 



TWO PBOF MALES. 2Q*« reuutao 


LOW COST FLMHTS. Moat Europen 
deadnattofta. C ab V alettandta- 01-402 
0052. ABTA- ATOL 196a 

USA XMAS. From £ 235 return. - 
Motor TraveL 01-485 9237. IATA. 



chelra green dralooL matching Ml ie 
and toCbou r d. £3500 . saver ptatod 
tea acrvtce neg. 4U702) 547703- 

. 'A • 7 7* 3 


HALE - Blnnic. much ndned today + 
everyday by iMu who loved )*• 



GiuaveuvrSauare. 491 2706. 
SEATFINDEXS. Any.event toe. 








■W17. prof rm/t to ataretmc toUAl 
«w. BB mod cons. £80 pw. 767 

SAIDA VAULT -2&T. o/r. toUM 
mon a to n Oat. £40 pw atacL 289 2304 

WIT. M or F. 28+ . n/a to ahare 
r £180 tod (nd 



21 -t 8 s-oW daughtv of Dronilnmt 
sanhsm tardy majonq in tunsi 
teveJoprwu and cmdrsn s oducNion 
at StBgtwi’s Cofegs (ona « tha 0m 
top ftisltofl schools- In 0» Unted 
States) desires temporary postern as 
private nanny during strvrsr. CxcN- 
mnt r efe r en ces . Principal inquiries 
only to: 

HDa Mary Kathrys Snow, 



AmartcaTMJd and FW EtaUBAMta. 
Trayvale. 48 Margaret Street. Wl. 
01-5802928 (Vtaa accepted}. 

SAVE Ca Cu £» b..M«nfli/NL 




C3TF , 

01-229 2474 

!ATA ■ >.d:A ATOL 622 ' 

Georgia £1201, 11SA. 



r v 

i ; — i 1 — f=T 


Dingle Garages 

19SS TORSOS 828S. Pnosten 
Hue. hk* trim, te-fi pack. 4.000 
sites, chafes ol 2 from £34^00 
1985 (B) PORSCS 944 LUX. 

I IJ.j Miriteililla nLinliliia 

S3ppill 0, vwCXrWlCS {mIjIi 5™ 

trttn.rpmy extras. 6JW0 rate 

UK W POBSOff 524 LUX. 
crysoi gnes. dote trim, 
many extras. 7.000 odes 


1984 (B) POTSCHE 944 UJX. 
Gemini gray. btedcNdtee pin- 
stripe trim, natf atm, 19,000 ' 

rates FILSBS V 

1583 (T) raBSOE 52* LUX. 
choice of 2, Hack or utete 


Btach. March *B4. 30.000 mlea. 
DtreoWs ear. Extras inrtuda tog 
larapa, teatoar steering whaaL ataruo 
wteb ratio, vfMflng to central 

Tel: 935 4766 

BRADSHAW WEBB re quire all tea 
Mercedca. TeL 01-493 7705/01 sS82 

— HR Oil, 4972. Auto. 
btartL muf engtoa convarrtOR. 42 
HSb&Sf!* OMtaUag dbt.-CSJBBB. 

TaL 01-493 7706/01-382 




seasonal sale 


UaJwtWl ZAD 


BJ-3S 5994/7 

tedPfdpy.Iauaaiy Urih 1988 

A Pitvsrtr View of esseasrc “BB4 ENDS** tad wines RCtadly tanvod, 
anh extra pnsuoinBai DBCOUNTS 

i lli.CYm S ( \KI*1 1 wi.l 

>'’<,( )1LM( )M GARPL IS’ 

Cocne and cboosea beautiful bargain 
from our vast collection of Persian 
and Oriental, old and new carpets. 

Open all weefci _ rf3s\/^\7T1T 

MortfLav-Saiurdav lfUm-6pm- |*J 8 V/ I 

Sunday, Mam -6pm. I I 1 A\JI 

Credit cards Mkranr. I I / .... _ 

47-18 Piccadilly Ixndon Wl. fA^r-J I w» 1 | I 

Td;0L7S47T4l. •• 



ftcdndfirf cai— tfjhBlhwfc 

Kgotirty eray week, and m jo- 
mSty accorapaiied riewt 

art bow easy, fist sad ecoaoBrfcd 
it is te adve r tise in The Times 

A '/ * */L l ! ivi » FA 4 




E 2 E 2 S 


•«« 5 si , JsaRf.a* 

I >t«i 1 > f -J 1 1 . 


^ T^Tl* U ■ » Vi 1 1 

mrTTi 11 ' ' r 

i LWi ,. > iT\' 


^ .jH ", 77 

■ iViEi- 

Cottages, Ho Bd^ytes. 

1*1 V KTf^ ' 

TELw »CWE(DayunM). 


T? ; iw v. 



s television and radio programmes 

■ 1 

■ t-. >, 

li »- 


BBC 1 

tOO pMMKJUtr:‘-V 

6*50 Bredc&atTtrtwwffiiSQftia 
Scott arsJ DfibbJe Greenwood. 
Weather atfi^S, 7.25, 7.55, 

8.25 and regional news, 
weatherand traffic at t67, - 
7,27, 7^7and8i7; national 

- anrfmtem rt fanal news at 7.00, 
7-50, 8.00, &3Q and 9410: sport 1 

■ 317.20 4nd.&2ttlynn FaiAJs 

VVqod’s'oonsmner rep^t at 

. 8.15; 6apy Humphries review 
. ‘ ^ mcrnbig newspapers at 
. 847. PkM. ways of improving 
Bran’s football image; Glynn 
Christian with weekend 

- shopping-advice.' Alan 
Titchmarsh’s gardening ideas: 
Snd Stays BiackneJTs pop 

■■■■ music report. The guest Is 
Charles Dance. 

820 Ceefax. 10.30 Play School, (rt 
?1040 Ceefax. - 

1240 >News. After fioon with. Richard- 
-Whitmore and Moira Stuart, 

.. inciwtesnBWSheacBinaswWi 
subtitles. 1246 Regional news 
. And weather. 

1.00 ’Pebble 1131 at One presented 
tyjbegphine Buchan and Paul 
Coia. The guests mdutfe 
Emlyn Hugbes who has the 
latest news trom the sporting 
workfilfttd ci^nber, JuSe 
.. Donnefy and her friend Sains 
.. Brook; and Pater Seabrook 
with gardening advice. 1.45 
King RoBo(rj. 1.50 Brio-a- 
Bitoc. A programme for young 
. children (r)iDO Ceefax. 342 

-• Regional news. 

3.55 Count Me In Antony Johns 
flatties .int© die starting blocks 

■ - 4.10 Heathcflff (r). 4.15 

■ Jackaoory- Rik Mayan reads 
part five of Roald Data's story 
of George's MarveHous 
Medicine 4.30 Boss Cat. {ij 

• Cartoon series Httout a feline 
gang leader, (r) 1 . 

445 Nawaround Extra. Roger Finn, 
injhe-first of a new series, 
reports on the battle In Europe 
to build a Disney theme pork. 

5.1ff Grange -HID. Episode -two of 
the 24-part drama series and- 
Banhsle tries to grow a 
moustache while Danny and 
Imelda-ara up to mischief 

545 Fact Bin Oddle, Wendy .' 
Leavesfey and Billy Butter 

■ settle another selecttonot 
frfencBy arguments. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas WttchelL Weather. 

6.35 LondonPtua. 

tv - am 

-MS Good Moving Britain ' - 
presented by Anne fHamond -. 

end Henry KaiJy. News with 

. . Gordon HonercambMte.17, 

540,7.00,740, 840, 840 and 
. 9-OQ; exerctsesat fc20 and 
0.17; sport at 645 and 744' 

■ cartoon at 74^ pop video at 
746; Nigel Dempster’s gossip 
Greaves's television highlights 
af 844; the best of TV-am's 
' . I^at two years at IL46;cool*)o' 
. , atfi-W; Woman of the Week 
..■■■■• Cyrthb Payne, at 9L1Z 


9 -25 Thames news headlines. 

9.30 For Schools : the flora and - 

‘7 of a desert 9^47 How we 

used to Uve 1049 Counting in 
- various languages 1026 
-. Science: CaptalrlSeottand ; 

■ insulation 1Q.4B Writing the' 
scripts for ^jilting image 
II.ISAdayfotheltteofa \ 

. ■ market staB-hoWer 1127 How 
to spring cteana home 1144 
. Uses of the computer.. 

12.00 Haggerty Haggerty. George 
Cote with another tate about ■ 
the friendly witch (r) 12:10 
Rainbow. Educational puppet 
series 1240 Here to Stay. In . 
the second of six programmes 
on Britain's minority - ' ' 

• communities, Trevor Hyatt 
talks to a group from London's 

-• Chinese community. • • 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Paridn 120 Thames news. 

140 FBncWhen Worlds CoUide 

i, and fan McShane; 
y, BBC 1940pm 

; 19 A WEEK IN POUTKJS (Channel 
4. 8.15pm) is profiting from MPs' 
rejection of tatevlseo Commons 

. proceedings by staging a series of- 
Parttament-styfede atesofrts 
own. Tonight s is the Jxtti, and It Is 
up to standard. The chosen topic, 
proportional representation, may 
not be the fond that Is designed to 
set the Thames m fire, but the 
flames flicker sway in a lively 
fashion, and all the MPs enter into 
the spirit of the thing without giving 
the impression that deep down, 
they know joflyweN that they are not 
speaking with one eye on the 
Hansard shorthand writers. The set, 
a mfnf-Commons. is built along 
substantial fines, and only one MP, 
Peter Shore, breaks the rules of the 
game Jby calling the chamber a - 
studio. As the atmosphere fs largely 
good-tempered, with the level of 
abuse rarely rising above the level 
of taunts of "carpetbagger" and 


“self-presarvafion", Peter Jay, 
playing Speaker, is given an easy 

• The Korda film season on BBC2 
must be among the most 
imaginative and satisfying 
retrospectives ever screened by the 
BBC. It continues next week, when 
the quality dips markedly. Bringing 
the wsr week to a dose tonight 
(6.00pm) Is one of my Korda 
favourites, REMBRANDT. A 
milestone fllm, not only because it 
proved us aH wrong for believing 
that Laughton, master of the art of 
over-statement, was incapable of 
the occasional display of 
understatement, but also (and more 
important) because in an era when 
film biographies observed the spirit 
of the troth more than the letter, 
here was a film that did both. And 

Georges PerinaJ's black-and-white 
photography seemed to draw its 
light from the same divine source 
that Rembrandt himself used. 

• Music htohCghts on ratfio: Two 
Bizet tavountes. the Symphony in C 
and the L'Ariesienne suite, are in the 
BBC Philharmonic concert on Radio 
3, at 12.15pm and 1.05 pm.. Later on 
Radio 3 (8.00pm) there fa the first 
complete broadcast in Britain of 
PandereckTs Polish Requiem, in a 
South German Radio recording. 
Recommended, too fa the repeat 
airing of Jeremy Slepmann's profile 
of the Canadian pianist Glenn 
(Radio 4. 1 1 .00am). a documentary 
that delves deeply into both the 
complex personality and 
remarkable technique of this music- 
maker who abandoned the concert 
hall dramatically early in his career. 

Peter Davalle 

-V. _ 

;o «i 

740 Wogan. Ronnie Corbett, sitting 
in forTerry for the test time, 
has on the show tonight Bruce 
Forsyth. MoOy Sugdan, and 
pop group ABC. 

7.40 Biankety Blank. Les Dawson's 

guests this week are Leslie 
Ash. Lynda Baron, Tracey 
Childs, Semis Cflfton, Jack 
Douglas and John Dunn ■ 

. (Ceefax*. 

8.15 Dynasty.' Claudia flies to San 
Frandsco; Jeff receives a 50 
per cent share of Colby 
Enterprises; Krystts is In New 
York; Alexis is worried about 
King Galen; and Dominique ' 
receives a visit from a man 
who claims she saved his life 
in Paris (Ceefax): 

9.00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey.- Weathec . 
9.30 Covejpy. The first Of a 'new 
comady-thtllter series starring 
lan MCSharie in the title role - 
thatofwn East Anglian- ■ 
antiques qptrpprtweur. He is 
• - *•: srjed and abetted in his 

. : \j'. escapades by Jirtcer (played ' 

. T.7^ ‘ by Dt^sySlAaal«pd Lady ;■ 

Jana Feteham(Pnyifis Lagan). 
Tonight's: story concerns a - 
firefly gage. ; y- 

r-^1025 Victoria Wood -As Seen on 
TV. DeSghttel comedy 

■» ^1; featuring Afiss, Wood and Jufla 

Walters (rj. . 

„ .11.00 FHm: Adam's Woman (1 970) 

. stating Baku Bridges, Jane 

*’ " Merrowand John MBs. Drama 

» :c about arr American sailor, 

wrongly Imprisoned in an 
1840s Sydney penal colony, 
wftera the only means ot 
release is through the 
jovemgr's rahairfiitaiion plan, 
liredadby Phfip Leacock. 
’12.55 Weathers 

ssife 323 ™ 




- , JBac» Twn *** 

37 3i) 5 


(1951) starring Richard Derr 
and Barbara Rush. Science 
fiction tiirffler about BeHus, a 
newly docovered star on a 
coRsfoh course with Earth, 
due (n nine months. Directed 
by Rudolph Mate. 

3- 00 Mr and Mrs. The first of anew 
series of the quiz game for 

. couples, presented by Derek 
Batey 325 Thames news 
- - headlines 340 Sons and • 

4- 00 Rairmow.A repeat of the 
programme shown at 12.10 . 

' 4.15 The TeletKigs. Cartoon 
series 425 Woridwlse. 
Computerized geography 
game, presented by David 
Jensen (Oracle) 44Q The Best 
of Behind the Sika Sheds. 
Comedy series about the 
pupils and staff of a 
comprehensive sdiod [1% 

5.15 Blockbusters. Bob Hotness 

presents another round of the 
general knowledge game for 
teenagers. . 

5.45 News with Carol Barries. 

6-00 The S Odock Show. Michael 
Aspei looks back at the best of 
the 1985 series. 

7.00 Albion Market Business is 
going through the post- 
Christmas doldrums, but the 
stall-holders are still dreaming 
of ways to drum up custom 

740 Murder, She Wrote: Footnote 
to Murder. Thritter writer . 
Jessica Fletcher deckles to 
help her friend Horace when 
he becomes the leading 
suspect In a murder Inquiry. 
-Starring Angela Lana bury and 

rPautSand: • .*’ 

840 Constant Hot Water. Patricia 
Phoenix and Prunella Gee star 
in this new comedy series 
about two rival seaside land 
ladies (Oracle). 

940 The Gentle Touch. Chief 
Inspector Maggie Forbes 
takes to tits streets when a 
number of prostitutes are 
attacked (r) (Oracle). 

10.00 News at Ten with Sandy GaH 
and Pamela Armstrong. 

1040 The London Programme. John 
Taylor examines the case of 
suspended obstetrician, 

Wendy Savage. Followed by 
LWT New headlines. 

1140 Snooker. The Mercantile 
Credit Classic's second 
semifinal, introduced by Dickie 
Davies from the Fulcum Arena, 
Warrington. . 

12.15 New from London. Steve ' 
Marriott in concert. 

1.10 Night Thoughts. ' 

3.00 Ceefax 

945 Daytime on Two: French ' 
language course for beginners 
942. Part one of the story by 
Richard Carpenter, The Boy 
from Space. 10.15 Maths: 
square metres. 1048 The 
Sliver Buckie, a story in three 
parts by Joan Aiken, set at tiie 
end of tile 17th century. 1140 
The violent past of the Scottish 
■ Border country. 1122 

- Farming: East Anglia's "agrf- 
. business'* and Northern 

. Ireland's dairy farming. 

11.44 Leaving home and coping with 
. bed-sit (and. 12.05 Part one of 
a ten-programme series abou 
. the best way to use 
microcomputers. 1245 GCSE: 
Oral French (ends at 1 .00). 

1.10 Science: Bght, electrons 
and the atom. 143 The first of 
three programmes examining 
some of the. issues that divide 
east and west. 240 Four 
fnends take a cycle ride in the 
country. 240 English: The 
power of language (ends at 
2.50). 3.00 Ceefax 

4.30 World Darts. Highlights from 
games played last night In the 
Embassy World. Professional 

5.00 The Royal Institution 
Christmas Lectures. The fifth 
of a series of six lectures given 
by Professor David Pye on the 
subject of communicating. 

6.00 Film: Rembrandt* (1936) 
starring Charles Laughton, 
Gertrude Lawrence and Elsa 
Lanchester. The story of the ■ 
great painter, beginning In 
Amsterdam in 1642. Directed 
by Alexander Korda, (see 

720 Ebony. Magazine programme 
for Britain's Mack 
communities. This week's 
edition Includes a profile of 
Bem» Grant the controversial 

- leader of Haringey CounciL 

755 Frtddey- The Changes. The 

fourth programme in the series 
focuses on lan Henfrey who ’ 
was reduced to grovelling on a 
rubbish tip during the strike - 
until his wife went out to work. 

840 Gardeners' World. This first 
programme of a new series 
finds the experts working on 

- the way to force hardy ■ 
perennials into early flower. 

9.00 Toni O'Connor. A new series 
starring the entertainer with 
assistance from Cherry 
Gillespie. Derek Griffiths and 
Mike Berry. The guest is Gary 

945 World Darts. The third quarter- 
final of the Embassy World 
Professional Darts 

10.05 EM You See... 7 presented 
by Ludovic Kennedy. Sir 
Nicholas Henderson reviews 
Global Report; Clare Venables 
comments on SBas Mamer; 
and Barry Norman talks about 
Clive James In Dallas. 

Followed by R. S. Thomas 
reading a poem by Philip . 

1040 Newsrtigtit 1145 Weather. 

11.40 World Darts. Highlights of the 
fourth quartBr-fina in the 
Embassy World Professional 
Championship- Ends’ at 1240. . 


240 A Question of Economies. 
Part one of a repeat of the 
series presented by Peter 
Donaldson and Zeinab Badawi 
designed to take the mystique 
out o( modem economics This 
afternoon's programme 
examines what is meant by 
market forces. 

3.00 Snooker. The second 
semifinal of the Mercantile 
Credit Classic. 

440 Countdown. Ysstorday's 
winner of the anagrams and 
mental arithmetic competition 
Is challenged by Elizabeth 
Manners. - - 

5.00 I Dream of Jeanote- Tony 
decides to sand Jearmie back 
to whence she came, but has 
second thoughts on the 

540 The Tube presented by Jools 
Holland, Paula Yates and 
Muriel Gray. This week's 
programme comes from 
Newcastle City Hail where 
among the performers are 
Sting and Loose Tubes. On 
film are Wet Wet Wet and 
Beltane Fire: on video, Stevie 
Nicks. Pius the fata Phil 
Lynott’s test performance. 

7.00 Channel FOur news and 

740 Right to Reply Peter 

Richardson ol Comic Strip 
Presents ... defends the 
programme against 
accusation of containing too 
much sex and bad language. 

8.00 What the Papers Say. The 
Mafl on Sunday's Peter McKay 
comments on how the Press . 
has been treating the week's 

8.15 A Week in PoBtics presented 
by Peter Jay. MPs debate 
Westminster-style. the pros 
and cons of proportional 
representation. Among those 
taking part are Teddy Taylor, 
lan Wrigglesworth, and Sir Ian 
Gilmour. (see Choice). 

9.00 Brothers. Joe has fallen for a 
married woman, Phyllis. His 
other two brothers realise her 
marital state but not Joe. 

940 Gardeners' Calendar 

Roadshow, presented by Bob • 
Greaves from Manchester 

. . where amateur gardeners pick 
the brains of Wrsley experts,' 
John Main, the garden's 
curator; Anne Swithinbank, a 
glasshouse supervisor; and 

■ Mike Honour, a propagation 
specialist (Oracle). 

10.00 ' Agony. Comedy series about 

- an agony aunt who cannot sort 
but her awn complicated life. 

- (r) (Oracle). 

1040 Addiction: How Much Is Too 
Much? A programme • 
presented by David Kossoff 
examining four different 
addictions - alcohol, heroin, 
tranquillizers and food 

1140 The TWiRght Zone: The 

Odyssey of Ffight 33*. The ' 
story of a passenger airliner 
that travels back in time: The 
HowBng Man* is a chiller about 
an imprisoned devil. 

1240 Tennis. The WCT World 
Doubles Championship. 
Highlights of this afternoon's 
play. Ends at 140. 


Radio 4 

On tong wave. 1 also VHP stereo. 

5jS Shipping forecast. 840 News 
briefing; Weather. 6.10 Farming 
today. 625 Prayer for the Day. 
640 Today, Ind 640,740, 840 News. 
6.45 Business NewsfcSS, 745 
Weather. 740. 8.00 News. 725. 
825 Sport 7^5 Thought tor the 
Day. 845 Your Letters. 

8.43 More Wrestling than Dancing. 
David Moreau recafis some 
turthar attempts to come to grips 
with Ho. (5). 847 Weather. 

940 News. 

8.05 Desert Island Discs. Michael . 
Parian son with the film director 
Aten Parker (new series) (rj.t 
9.46 The Armada Revenged. The 
second ol six tatics on Spain, by 
Roy Gostng (r). 

10.00 News: international Assignment 
1040 Morning Report The Axe bjr^ 

Penelope Fitzgerald Read I 


Hugh Dickson. 
Dally . 

Service (New Every 
Morning, page I02).t 

11.00 News; Travel; Glenn Gould: 
Concert Drop-Out A profile of the 
Canadian pianist Glenn Gould 
who died In 1 982 at the age ol 50 

11.48 Natural Selection: In Appreciation 
of Uce. John Maunder speaks up 
for the humble louse. 

1240 News: The Food Programme. 
Derek Cooper investigates the 
vitamin business. 

1227 lan One Ear Comedy half-hour 
(rtf 1246 Weather. 

1.00 The World at One: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 145 Snipping. 

2.00 News; Woman’s Hour from 
Northern tretand. Includes an 
interview with Vernon Handley, 
principal conductor and artistic 
director of the Ulster Orchestra. 

3.00 News: The Screech Owls, by 
Honors De Balzac. Dramatized in 
four pans (2). The Medlars Ripen 

4.00 News. 

4.05 Frank Muir Goes Into ■ . . Future. 
With Allred Merits ir>.t 

440 Kaleidoscope. Last night's 
edition, repeated. 

5.00 PM: News Magazine. 540 
Shipping forecast 545 Weather. 

6.00 The Six O Clock News; Financial 

640 G«nf Places. Clive Jacobs and 
his team monitor the world of 
travel and transport. 

7.00 News. 

745 The Archers. 

720 P^titof tiie Weak. TV and radio 
extracts presented py Margaret 

820 In Grand Style. A portrait of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds, the 18th- 
century Engrrsh artist Presented 
by Dr Nicholas Penny. Keeper of 
Western Art, The Ashmdean 
Museum, Oxford. Paul Rogers 
plays Reynolds’s biographer 
James Northpote. 

8.45 Any Questions? Lord Tonypandy. 
Dame Shelagh Roberts. MP, Dr 
John Rae and Garfield Davies 
tackle issues raised by an 
audience In Llandovery, Wales. 

940 Letter from America, by Allstair 

9.45 KaJeiaoscope. Includes comment 
on As You Uke It at the Royal 
Exchange, Manchester and The 
McGuffin on BBC2 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Vice Versa by 
F. Anstey MO). Reader David 
Davis. 1029 Weather. 

1040 The Work! Tonight 

11.15 The financial Tonight 

1140 Week Ending. Satirical look back 
ai the week’s news.1 

12.0 0 News. Weather. 12.33 Shipping 

VKF (available In England and S. 
Wales only) as above except 
5.55-6.00am Weather; Travel. 
11.00-12.00 For Schools: 11.00 
Singing Together. 1120 
Conservation - Now* 11.40 The 
Music Box. 11 40 See For 
Yourself. 145pm -340 For 
Schools: 145 Listening Comer. 
2.05 Let's Join In. 2 26 Listen and 
Read. 2.40 Listen! 540-545 PM 
(continued). 1240am-1.10 
Schools Night-time Broadcasting: 
English Archive Resources. The 
Woman Writer and Society. 


Radio 3 

645 Weather. 740 News. 

7.05 Morning Concert Victoria's Kyrie 
and Gloria (Westminster 

Cathedral Choir); Scarlatti's 
Sonata in C.Kk 513. tiw 

Verdi's Quartet (n E minor 
(Amadeus Quartet); Boccherini's 
Cello Concerto in G (An nar 
Byahna whh the Concerto 
Amsterdam). 8.00 News. 

845 Morrtng Concert Icontd): 
Debussy's Six eptgraphes 
antiques, orchestrated by 
Ansermet (Baste SO); Ibert’s 
Histoties (Pekka Savtjokl, sax 
and Margit Rahkonen. piano); 
Liszt’s Der NacbtllcM Zug; 
Maphisto Waltz No 1 (Chicago 
SO). 9.00 News. 

9-05 This Week's Composer: 

Stravinsky.-Concartirto for string 
quartet {Ensemble 
fntarcomemporain); Piano-Rag 
Music (Bereft, piano); the ballet 
PtadneBa (Murray, mazzo: 
Anthony Rolfe Johnson, tenon 
Simon Estes, bass/Ensembfe 

10.00 international Dances: Bracha 
Eden and Alexander Tam ir 
(pianos) play Grieg's Norwegian 
Dances Op 35 Nos l to 3; 
Dvorak's Slavonic Dances. Op 46 
Nos 1.2. 6 and 8; Schubert's 
Waltzes, 0 145: and 
Rachmaninovs Italian Polka; 
Waltz. Op 11 No4.r 

1040 Langham Chamber Orchestra 
(under Lubbock). With Paul 
SHverstone (viola). Britten's 
Lachrymae; Graham Whenen’s 
Hymos: Mozart's Divertimento in 
B flat K 137.1 

11.35 Delius and Holst Songs: Peter 

Knapp (baritone), wrtn Antony 
Saunders (piano). Works include 
Delius’s Three Verlaine settings 
and Four Nietzsche settings and 
Holst’s Three Vadlc hymns and 
six Humbert Wofte settings, t 

12.15 BBC Philharmonic (under Jean- 
Claude Casadesus). Part one. 
Weber’s overture Oberon; Bizet's 
Symphony in C.t 1.00 News. 

1.05 Concert: pan two. Haydn's 
Symphony No 83: and Bizet's 
suite L'Arie5ienne.l 

145 Czech Plano Music: Peter 

WaUfisch plays Dvorak's Suite in 
A. Op 98: Suk's Six Slumber 
*ongs; and Novak's Four 
Ecloques. Op n.i 

2.50 Bochmann Stnnq Quartet 

Mozart's String Quartet m C. K 
465: Rim&fcy-Korsakov's Allegro; 
Lyedov's Sarabande; Borodin's 
Scherzo, Lyadov's Fugue; 
Sokolov's Mazurka; Glazunov's 
Courame: KopiIdvs Polka, t 

4.00 Choral Evensong: from St 
Thomas's Church. Frfth Avenue, 
New York.t 4.55 News. 

5.00 Mainly for Plea sura, t 

6 -30 Gutter Music: recordings from the 
1985 Esztergom International 
Guitar Festival. Dowland's My 
Lord Willoughby's welcome 
home: Ruiz-pipo's Cuatro para 
cuatro. Bach's Lours: G’nue 
(French Suite No 5); HandBl's 
Chaconne from Suite in D minor; 
Mikko Heinio's Mimmba: 
Downtand's My Lord 
Chamberlain's GaKard.f 

7.00 Musica Antique. Cologne: 

(directed by Reinhard Goebel, 
violin). Scheldt's Paduan m A 
minor: Blber s Partita No 3 in A: 
Krieger's Ciacoma in F; Handel's 
Quartet in G major. Op 5 No 4; 
Bach's Harpsichord Concerto In 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

D. BWV 1054; and PacheKuTs 

840 Penderecki:' the Polish Requiem 
(South German Radio Choir and 
SO/Wurtwmbwg state Opera 
Chorus/PhylCs Bryn-Jubon 
(soprano), Doris Soffel (mezzo), 
Ryszard kaiczykowsky (tenor), 
Stafford Dean (bass).1 
9.40 Equate Brass Victor EwaW'S . 
Quintet Op 5; Paul Patterson's 
Mean Time; and Bartoh's' 
Hungarian Pictures, arranged by 
Christopher Sears.) 

10.15 New Premises: Stephen Games * 

arts magazine (r). 

11.00 EfnBGilms; recordings ol the 
pianist pteytng Rachmaninov's 
Plano Concetto No 3 (with the 
Paris Conservatoire Orchestra 
under Cluytens) and Medtner's 
Sonata remlniscenza, op 3S.t 

1147 News. 1240 Closedown. 


Radio 2 


am Colin Berryt 6.00 Ray Moo ret 
Ken Brucet 1020 Jimmy Young. 
Legal problems answered by / 
Phillips. 1.05pm David Jacobs 

4.00am Colin Ben 

St 200 

Anna Fordt 320 Music All The Wayt 

4.00 David Hamilton! 640 Jofto Dunn) 

8.00 Friday Nteht is Musk; Nightt 9.15 
The Organist Entertains including music 
iron a rare Umphona Theatre organt 
945 Sports desk. 1040 Mooney's 
Monday M2gazms. With Pat Mooney, 
Jeffrey Holland, Nichola McAubffe and 
Jon Glover. 10.30 John Brecknock 
Sings with the Orchestra. 11.00 Stuart 
Han (Stereo from midnight). 1.00 Nick 
Page presents Nightndet 3.00-4.00 A 
Lime Night Musicr 


Radio 1 


6.00am Adrian John. 720 Mika Read. 
9-30 Simon Bates. 1220pm New stoat 
(Steve Annett). 1245 Paul Jordan. 3.00 
Anne maiie Grey. 520 Newsbeat (Steve 
Annett). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 720 Andy 
Peebles. 1040-12.00 The Friday Rock 
Snow with Tommy Vance. Featuring 
Streets on Fire. 


6.00 Newsdssk 7.00 Ne#s. 7.03 Twenty-Four 
Hours 7 JO Juke Box Dufy. 7.45 Merchant 
Navy Prog rami™. 5. DO News. 8.09 Relleaxvis. 

1.15 Sounds o< Strings- SJ0 The Reluctant 
Vinuoso 9M News. 9.09 Review ol Brtttsh 
Ptfss 9.15 World Today. 9JO Financial News. 
9-40 Look Ahead. 9.45 Poets on Music. 10J0 
News. 10.01 Sing Gospel. 10.15 Merchant 
New Programme, iojo Business Matters. 

11.00 News 11.09 News About Brown. 11.15 
Vi The Meantime. 11 .25 Latiar from Northern 
Ireland li JO Merxfisn. 12.00 Radio Newsreel. 

12.15 Jazz For The Asiung 12.45 Sports 
Roundup 1.00 News 1.08 Twenty Four Hours. 
1 JO John Peel. ZOO News. 2J11 Outlook. 2A5 
Letterbox 3.00 Radxt Newsreel. XI 5 Les 
Mserablre. UK) News. Commentary. 4.15 
Science In Action. 4.45 The World Tottn. ELM 
News 5.08 A Letter From Northern Ireland 

5.15 Sarah and Company. 100 News. 8J» 
Ivjenty-Four Hours: 9.15 The Reluctant 
virtuoso. 9.45 Foreign Affairs. HUM News. 
10.08 World Today. 10.25 Letter ffan Northern 
Ireland. 1020 Financial Newa. 10.40 
Reflections 10.45 Spore Roundup. 11X0 
Newts. 11X9 Commentary. 11.15 From The 
V/esMies. 11X0 Beethoven and the VtoUv 
1X00 News 12X9 News about Bntan. 12.15 
Radio NewsreaL 12X0 About Britain. 12.45 
Recortflng Of Weak. 1X*« News. 1X1 Outlook. 
1X0 Sing Gospel. 1.45 LetnrtxK. 2X0 News. 
2.09 Revfew ot The Btitish Press. 2.1 5 Network 
UK 2X0 People And Poflhca. 3. DO News 3X9 
News About Britain 3.15 The WorW Today 
X30 Quote. Unquote. 4X0 Newsdask. 4X0 
That's Trad 5.45 The Wortt Today. 

AO bmaa in QMT 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m; 10B9kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m: 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5- Radio 4: 
200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95: LBC 1 152kHz/261m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1 548kHz/1 94m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206m- VHF 94 9' World 
Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

Scotland 62Spm-740 Raporting 
Scotland. 10.25-1045 Laft. Right and 
Centre. 1045- 1.00am FUrrr Cross of 
Iron (1977). 1.00-1.05 Weatoar. Northern 
Ireland 545pm- 5. 40 Today's Sport. 
5.40-640 inside Ulster. 625-740 Cook 
With Clare. 1245am-1.00 News and 
weather. England 625pm-7.00 Regional 
nevws magazines. 

ANGLIA A* Loratoh oxcApt 

MWULIM 12J 0pn»-1.00 Search for 

Wealth. 140 News. 120-320 FHm: 
Bepharu Wfllk/Etizabetfi Taylor). 8.00- 
740 About Anglia. 1020-1140 Cross 
Question. 12.15am Music m My Life. 

cjr* Starts. 1220pm Puppet Man. 

120 Cirloon Carnival- 240 Taro 
Nodyn. 220 Star! Sbri. 225 Crpohug. 
225 Interval. 340 Snooker. 420 World 

of Animation. 440 Cadwgan, 5.00 Mica. 

5.30 The Tube. 740 Newyddion Sfllth- 

720 Pobol y Cwm. 840 Caryl. 820 Fal 

'na Mae) 9.15 Film: First Leva: Sharma 

and Beyond. 10.45 Ghosts in the 

Machine. 1 1.45 We& in Pofrtics. 
1220am Tennis: WCT World Doubles 
Championships. 120 Closedown. 

PFNTRAL As London except 
LrCN 1 HAL i220pm- 1 40 Search 

for Wealth. 120 News. 120-320 Film: 
Man with Bogart's Face (Robert Sacchi). 
B. 00-7. 00 News. 720-820 Knight RHJer. 
1020 Snooker. 12.15am Oosadown. 


two As London except 1220pm-1.00 
1 VJ Search for Wealth. 1.30 Mr 8 
Mrs. 2.00 Arcade. 220 Hotel. 320-4.00 
Glenroe. 640 Coast to Coast 820-7.00 
That's What You Think.' 720-820 Fall 
Guy 1020-11.00 Facing South. 

12.15am Company, Closedown. 

GRAMPIAN 44 4A. H 4 Ml 

1220pm- 1.00 Search 
ews. 120 ProRles In 

for Wealth. 120 News. 

Rode Kate Bush. 2.00 Yellow Rose 
3.00-320 Mr 6 Mrs. 640-740 North 
Tonight 700-8.30 Knight Rider. 1020- 
11.00 Crossfire. 12.15am News, 

RDRDFR As London Accept 
DUrtUtrl i220pm-1.00 Search for 

Wealth- 120 News. 120 Wish You Were 
Here . . . 72.00 FBm: Passionate 
Friends* (Ann Toddl 320-4.00 Young 
Dostors. 6.00 Look around. 6.30-7.00 
Funny You Should Say ThaL 1020 
Snooker. 12.15em News. Ctosetkwn. 


Search for Wealth. 1.20 News. 1.25 Help 


8.00 Calendar. 6.30-740 Diffrent 
Strokes. 720-820 Fall Guy. 1020 
Snooker 12.15am That's Hollywood. 
12.45 Closedown. 

HTV WEST As London except 
ni V WES I 12 20pm-1.00 Search 

for Wealth 120 News. 120-3-00 Rim: 
Gold of the Amazon Women (Anita 
Ekberg). 6.00 News. 620-7.00 Good 
Neighbour Show. 720-8.30 Knight 
Rider. 10.30 Your Say. 10.45 Extra Time. 
1120 Snooker. 12.15am Closedown. 

HTV WALES ^S“cep |; 

Schools. 640pm-7.00 Wales a! Six. 
10.30-11.00 Survival of the Fittest 
11.D0-l2.15am Snooker. 

ULSTER London except 

12.30pm-1.00 Search For 

Wealth. 120 Lunchtime. 1.30 FOm: Lady 
in the Fog (Cesar Romero). 340 Mr and 
Mrs. 3.30-4.00 Personal view. 6-00 
Good Evening Ulster. 620 Spooscast 
6.40-740 Advice witn Anne Halles. 7.30- 
820 Knight Rider. 10.30 Witness. 1125 
Snooker. 12.15am News, Closedown. 

PHANNEL As London except 

LrO Atari! EL. startg 

openers- 1220-1.00 The Search for 
Wealth. 120 Channel news and 
weather. 1.30 Mr & Mrs. 2.00 Arcade. 
220 Hotel. 320-440 Glenroe. 5.12-5.15 
Puffin's Plaice. 6.00 Channel report 
followed by Tastes of China. 6.30-7.00 
That's wnat you Think! 720-820 The 
Fan Guy 1020 What's on Where 1025 
Moviernakers. 11.15 Snooker. 12.15 
Weather, closedown. 

TSW As London except 12.30pm- 
1.0D Search tor Wealth. 120 
News. 1 .30 Film: Spy Who Came in from 
the Cold (Richard Burton). 325-4.00 
Young Doctors. 6.00 Today South West 
620-7.00 What's Ahead. 720-820 
Magnum. 10.32 Snooker. 12.25am 
Postscript. Closedown. 

SCOTTISH As London except 
SOU 1 non 12 .30pm-1. 00 Search 

lor Wealth. 1.20 News. 120 Country 
Practice. 220 On the Market 3.00-320 
Mr and Mrs. 6.00 News and Scotland 
Today. 620-7.00 Report. 720-820 
Shindig. 1020-1140 Ways and Means. 
12.15am Late Can, Closedown. 

TYNE TEES As London except 
1 trie 1 eco 12 .30pm-1 .00 Search 

(or Wealth. 120 News. 120 Film: Four 
Days in Dallas. The killing ot Kennedy. 
320 Home Cookery. 325-320 News. 
6.00 Notnem Lite. 6.30-7.00 What Would 
You Do? 1 0.32-1 1 40 Extra Tune. 
12.15am Three's Company, Closedown. 

GRANADA M London except 
™ 12.30pm-1.00 That's 

Hollywood. 120 News. 1.30 Film: King 
Arthur was a Gentleman (Arthur Askey). 
3.15 Steamboat BUI. 3.25 Granada 
Reports. 320-4.00 Youncj Doctors. 6.00 

Granada Reports 
Show. 7.50-820 Knight Rider. 10. 
Snooker. 12.15am Film: TheYrartor* 
( Donald WottH). 120 Closedown 

40 Cosby 

r Stereo + Black ana nrtwe fr) Retwat 






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ALDWYCHTH Ol -836640*/ 0641 
CX: 579 6333. Mon-Sat 7X0. Man WM 





mi Tele 

CfOop Sol— 01-9306123 
OC24nrstBCSun 01-741 9999 
or First Cab 01-240 7200. 

01-741 9999 Ora Sates Ol -930 6123. 
■■■-M U-Sstn. TUea H 

A detttMru! new comedy ' 

Sal aval sate out umn end of March. 

ce 437 260/4 



’Funny ft uitiitftita^ jOB’ limlte 

APOLLO VICTMttA SS 828 8088 

CC 630 6362 orp Satas 930 61 23 



Urtatar RlOlARuHllLGOE 

EUrrcWd b y TREV OR MUNN | 



[eves T .46 Mai Tub A Baf 3JO I 


Fim-ltn«6 fanffly 


(keupe 01-734 4287/437 8772 

A afternoon of 

iiinituMi mat Sm at a.QO. Evnjt 
ho sar &OO Mats Sat A Sunday 4X0. 

01-628 8796/01-638 

8891 ce (Mon-Sun 10am-8pea) . For Inc 
hotel aackaoeOl-330 Till. 



MELONS by Bernard P cm e tan c* “an 
extra DrtmjBy away" FThrtes. 

TOJRE 10-22 MAHOi 
nrrr mil afnaanrr ■ 


387 9629. CC 380 1433. Laat 4 perta. 
Today & Tomor 1 lata &2.3C*>m. _ 



COMEDY S 9 SO 2578 CC 839 143B. 
KOUl Prawn 741 9999 <240 7200, 7 
my/2a M. era Sale* 930 6123 Eves 



RSC Also at ma Bamcan 

«• 928 2262 CC 

(Naooote Theaire‘s_«naB- atw- 
torharO. Ton*l 7X0. Toner Sc Mon 
p-3p & TJO- trien Jan 30 lo_Fat> l. 


CfUTSUOfL a MB 3216. CC 379 







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CG379 6366 / 6433. Eros 8X0. ] 

YSaMinrtTTll e Jan. 




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THE r^TOAVM!o m«H ' BY 

836 8243 CC WO 

7 days). 


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S. Wed Mat 3. 

Duoess ^ . 

pm CaB: 24 Hra7Aur 1 

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Final 2 w«ks! 

_ 8366108.01-240 9066/7 

24-turar 7 -day cc boolciryga Firtt CaD 

da^d 2 mekrick-s 
42ND STREET . . . 

Standard Drama Awart 
Lauranea owiv Award 


Pisya Sc prayers 

. London ttmbitb ermes Awani 
Ere 8.00 Mata WM S.OO. Sata E.OC 
8X0. Grout) Saba 01-930 6123. 

DUKE op YORKS 836 6122 CC 836 

9857/741 9999 Cj> 930 6123. Cvm 8 



The HIT Comedy to mebam Hams 
Directed to Juba Mcxende 


Standard Dram Award 1984 


approval*' Ttanre. 'Tf» ^jota^to ta 

i/9. 240 

Today A 

FORTUNE CC 01-836 

7200 24ar 7 day. Last 2 

D ™ raJ %AVYJt»IS8 ' 
<TVMTho Montan) In 


The perfect Oirtatnus finally treat. > 


Laurence Olivia- Award* 1984 


pjeodKl.** D TeL •‘One at the runmot 

roUsigm iLmHwsp 

Ota. “Exdtemanl and hltanty . . . 
penodiwi the audience to dap and 
dwer.- S Tel. “A JOV~, S Ex». 

OARRICK S 01-896.4601 CC 379 
6433 tec 24 ur ,*7 day 2*0 7200. Cm 
Sale* 930 6123. Evea B.O, Wad mat 
3.0. Sal 3.0 and 8.0. 


CC 01-437 1B92. 

Flrte CM 24 re- 7 Day CC 940 7200. 


Saday te wea EMTMM Awart ■» 

EVaa 8,0 Mats Wed 3.0 ft Sat 4J> 

nHmjBBTJSBSSlS \ hoot & a 


Mice « CC. 01-930 9892. oe tiBUlne 
[41 9999; Orwn Saha 930 6123. ; 


_ Directed to Da ted Qftaw 
CvgsTxo. Mata W«b2.30. Sat 3 JO. 

ETCflinpa 7.46. Mar Sat 2X0 JUDY A 
mti-aralplay by Terry Wale- “Remark- 
able . . Ota. “Utfey Madde is 

nrvmnnl(y • 3D Dl 

iahiita per f ormance" ' D. TeL 
“Auetaom# . . . Garla nd* for Jody 1 
Sunday Express. 

HAMPSTEAD, 722 9301. Last 3 

hoW can. BMuttfuDy taUte 
prodaedon. JFlna P a rrern e nc e e 
i.O. "Forcatid abitT. G re at on 

HER MAJESTY'S ,930 . 4026/930 

6606 cc Houma 741 9999 Flrat Call 24. 



"A atanotng adaptaaaa ... an evening 
Ot . . . theatre magie*’ O TeL “Sudert 

comic pertnrmanote" FT. “Joai in Bme 

for Xmas. Uu> spectacnlnrty. Isngufrln- 
chic axSndranu" Matt On Son. 

EvaL 7-30. Mats Wed ASatalS.Oy 

KINGS HEAD 01-226 1916 AGNES 
BEKNBJLE “Fun of MaqtcaT 
Hinnour-' Dor 7 pm. Show 8pm. 
Book Now. 

7373. CC Hotline 437 2066. Dally 2JO 
* TJO. Par^ Rates auaUatUe 
**A to n m u taailWiimal tarts The 


e dm re e t a ti ne" The Ster 



rad Ota mtara nraducteoa fa an 

Fairt Cafl 24 he 7 dmf _ - 
ce bpoMnne Ol -2*07200, 
State avai&la at th« dean- 

miBVi MB U t 4 ran n a 


Te l ephone credit card MM iw* 
accewad on 01-734 9923. 24hr 7 day 



GRP SALES 01-930 6123 
* Previews Irom adtD22- 

FbteNteMMay 7 


TOn'L The. wed. TIrar rja. .Tomor 
2 JO * 7 JO (Ho pair Men) 


ANCa-T^e^Or^ ^ (Mdra|| 

LYRIC STTJDtO Eves 8pm. THE 80- 
QO BOYS. I atwromera wtu not tie 

LYTTELTON -S* 928 22B2 CC 

CKatJanal TTieatre - * proscenium 
Tout. Tomor 7.46. Tomor 

. to Shaw. Toot 6pm. 
Oulr. 46 min ptaiform pert 
aU tk» CSjOO. Ton i I0-30pm Me, 
Myself 8 I by Alan Ayctaoum. Late 

nlsht LytUtton euffet all tkts £ 6.00 

TK\ i 


MAYFAIR S CC 01-629 3056. 741 

9999. MOD-Thu 8. Fit /Sal 8.40 6 BIO 



The Htt TtutUer by Rtdtard Harris 
■'Tha heat thriller for year*- S Mir. 
imahawhent winner” S Exj>. "A Ihriner 
that acMavrt tt an. *>naatlnnal~ Tunes. 
••The most Inoenlons mystery to nave 
’ l«nc»M"DMaa. 



MERMAID THEATRE 01-236 6668 
CC 741 9999. Qroup Sales 930 6123. 
Ere 7 JO. Mats Thun a sat at 3.00. 




PALACE THEATRE *37 6834 CC457 
8327/379 6433 CJrp Sales 930 61 23. 


S Times 



s ^^ E T yfD^si 9ja 

to Roald Dahl 

New MirricProducUon of 'Boat 
Lovett OiHdren'a book.' 

Jan 21 -Feb 16. T1ckelbC2.7&XS. 
Same hair price seals for Children 


PHOENIX 836 2294 CC 2*0 9661 or 

741 9999 Eves 8 Mat Thu 3 Sat 6 3 
B JO. 24 hr 7 day CC 240 7200. 


Standard Drama Awards 




Dreniw cheap seats day at part an 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 Ot 
406 0072 CC Ol 379 6433 Bias 7.46 

Toe 4 Sat 3 QO & 7.46 



Group Bookfnes 01 405 1667 or Ol 
930 6123 (Ajxxy dally to Box Office lor 

rctmsL Poatad appDcaUoria now nemo 



wi. 01-437 3666/7 01-434 1060 
CC 01*434 1580 01-734 5166/7. First 




EV9S7 JO S*U5/i 4 8 16 
- •• Weds Mats 3 O 

Party Rate reductiora 734 6166 

Mil VIC 9287616 CC 261 1821 TB 
2B Jan. Moo-Pri 7 Jo, wed Mats 2.30. 
64t 4.0 4r 7.46. 


The Ctetac Ftay Story odapied tor the 
_ jampcbyLo uta rPap e 

t MraGur uroI jjrorYONE to 

SO" Standard. 





*’rrs MAGNIFICENT" Obtanror 


734 9636 C, C 379 6S65.-741 9999. 
cron* Safe! 836 3962 / 930 6123. 
"A Mteot raw musteoT ’ BBC. 




Eves 8 DO. Mats Sat 6.00. Wed 3.00. 

PRINCE EDWARD. Tal 01-437 6877 S 


EV9S e.O. Mots Thure A Sat at 3.0. 
HoUtne 439 8499. 379 6433. 741 


« SES 

OYiop safe 01-930 6123 

1-930 BSS1/2 

> 0844/5/B 
-930 sin 


cc HotSnaOl 

K Pfowh 01 -741 9999 
Tirol can 2« hr 7 day CC Booklne* 240 
„ 7200/01-379 6433 

Evga 7.30. Mai TTuir tt Soral 3 OO 
CALS* SThpas 

OLD VW 920 7616 CC 261 1821 
Firm 28 January 

A play from J*** Austen^ 

noute by Dated PownaD 



OUYtER "S' 928 2262 CC OtelMnol 

, Theatre’s eaan Nagel. TonT. Mon 
L 7.19. Tomor 2.00 dov vrxr lajp f 

iw/p^Cro^” w Tom 

Stoppard wmt THE CRITIC to 









-A CLASSIC orm land- D Tte 
•DYNAfeMTE’ D Mali 
Now Booking until April 26 

QUEEN'S 01-734 1166. 734 1167. 

734 0261. 734 0120, 459 3849. 439 
4031. Pint ttan CC 24 hr 240 7200. 

ran Sales 930 6123- Eves Bro. Wed* 

sat Mats 3pm. 




^'" •S-TYwif 


A new Plv by Ronald Harwood 
□trracd to Peter Yates 

CC 730. 




Jan 1ST La 

CvreJJL Tumor Jan 11. Tur Jan 14. 
Htefa Angola to Nigel Osborne L 
David Freeman. 

SAVOY. Box Office Ol -836 8888 

Cledjl Cairn 07 -379 6219/836 0479 
EVM 7 46 Wed 3.00. Sol 6 00 4 8.30 

^ ELCOC ^^ 

VAUDEVILLE 836 99S7 .6646 

JCNffi^ 00 ^ ^ 7200124 %ON 



Reduced price preslews from Jan 17. 
Opens Jan3oaiT o 

Eves7J0.Wedmai2JO.Sat95.0L8 16 




SHAFTESBURY 379 5399 CC 741 
9999. Grp Sales 930 6123. Evgs B.O. 
Sat 530 6 8 JO. Wed Mai 3.0. 





I Bi DboclMlby 

acting atlta fl nna " S/l 

379 6399 cc 741 



ST MARTINS. 836 1443 SUbdal OC 
No 379 6433. Eves 8.0. TUea 2.46. Sal 
6.0 A 8 0. 34th y ear of 



VAUDEVILLE 836 6645.836 7969 
Credit extras Ol -379 6433 
Mon-Sal 1 1 am and 2 pm 
Special Sunday Performance 3 30. 



• stunning" staae 

Starling the Oiaractero created 
by Roger Hargreaves 

Evening 7.30 Mala Sal only 2.48 




WESTMINSTER 01-834 0283 C~ 834 
0048. Mon-Frl 2 & 6. Sal 2.30 & a 



EXTENDED by 1 week - ends IB Jan. 

Seals available evening peris next week 

WYNDHAM-S S 836 3028 CC 379 

6565/379 6433/741 9999. OrpS 930 

6123/836 3962. Eves 8 0 Wed Mat 
3.0. Sal 6.0 Sr 8 16. 



AGED 13% 
Music A Lyrics by 

STRAND WC2 01836 26GO/4143/ 

6190. Monday- Friday £vgj 8.0 

Mata WM 2.30. Sai 5.30 1, B. JO 





"Jteui Chapman it Mlohaol 
PairtjtaM comady te aMouaty 
dntewd for a tons nay- ? pr - 

YOUNG VIC 928 6363. Til Jan 26. 

Ev« 7.30. w m g, Frl Mats 2Mn. 

Arthur Motor's THE CRUCIBLE. 
"Nail-bitingly vital thaotaa* . FT. 

"Tl ua tiiBly, rinednoty HVI 
C. Lrmlis. "Among 9 m boat ttdroa 
thw Hava tan* , D Tel. CC Z79 


ilarga 0h> 

gtatoye tee Thw at^tpraw 

Mow until sot Feeruaiy- “You will 
njw forget Ihe cacperlmce" S. 
Times. For special meal ^theatre deals 

“The veto boa of Brtum*s 
Comic talenT* O- Mall 
•ee Shaftesbury Theatre 


see Ambassadors Theatre 


&ee Criterion Theatre 


see DuOusa Theatre 
Four hll comedies 

^^iEUBEi/r 16 i at 230<nbisitnL ■» JO. 

miN.lV ^.?*1,_REUBEN. 

6.40 & 0.60 

ouWandingly beautiful 

VENICE < 18J. PTogr 2.00. a. la 6.20. 
8.36. Synat 4.10. 6.20. BJS. 
ACADE M Y 3. 437 8819. THE 
WANDERER (U Grand Nhadnn 
(PGl. Press. 4.00. 6.10. 8.20. 

437 - Na MB 


■ Camden 

PLAZA 485 2443 lOpti 

CreenjWBv-J 0 ^ ZED*^ tSo 
NOUGHTS ' 1 6 ). FHm , 

6.2a 8.48. 

i at 1.45. 4.00. 

CHELSEA CINEMA 351 3742 Kim 

Btad (nearest Tutic^ 

ffSSGm^flRFani at 1.45. 4.00. 

6JO. 8.4S. Seats Bookable for last 

eve pert. 

CURZON MAYFAIR, Curzon streel. 

499 3737. tail Scofield. Marla 

2.00 (Net Stau 4.10 620 6 8.40- 

also on page 24 




b - Bar 

’ ' BM 
‘ Boe 
•> v Bob 
y • Bna 
s BP 
J ‘ Bur 

;- k 

L. FRIDAY JANUARY 10 1986 THE TIMES •• '? ■ :■ "■ V ’ • 

Flamboyant progress of the man who planned to be Prime Minister by the age 

5 v 'v' j V ***** ' First 

Threat by 

The spectacular manner of 
Michael Heseltine's departure 
from the Government, leaving 
his colleagues sitting rather 
startled at the Cabinet table, is 
entirely typical of his style as a 

It was Mr Heseltine who 
turned the otherwise mundane 
rescue of a West Country 
helicopter firm into a high 
political drama and then into 
as issue of principle of trhetber 
Cabinet ministers should be 
allowed to speak without 
restriction on matters affecting 
their departments. 

Few have any doubts that in 
doing so his eyes are focused 
beyond the question of Wes- 
tland and on to the future 
leadership of the Conservative 
Party. He has laid down a 
challenge to the entire one- 
women style of the Thatcher 

Mr Heseltine has never 
made any secret of his ambition 
4o become Prime Minister and 
his flamboyance has always 
been one of his main tactics. At 
Oxford, he is said to have 
mapped out, on the back of an 
envelope, a career strategy 
which ended with him in 
Downing Street by the age of 
55. This year he will be 53 and 
the next general election is 
timed to fall in with the 
Penbroke undergraduate’s 

At university academic intel- 
ligence was not his strong 
point Indeed he is said to have 
read so little that his contem- 
poraries called him Michael 
Philistine. He gained a second- 
class degree in Politics, Philos- 
ophy and Economics. But he 
made his mark by radical 
reorganization ' of the Oxford 
Union, of which he was 
president bringing it from the 
brink of insolvency by introduc- 
ing features more usually found 
in a night-dab. 

Indignant at tbe diqoishness of 
the Conservative Association 
there, he formed the rival Blue 
Ribbon Clnb which later 

— Today’s events 

New exhibition 

Images of the Grand Toun work 
by Louis Ducros; The Whitworth 
Art Gallery, Whitworth Park, 
Manchester; Mon to Sat 10 to S, 
Thurs 10 to 9 (ends Feb 22). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Work by Leigh Hunt: Phoenix 
Gallery, Lavenham, Suffolk; Mon to 
Fri I0to5JQ,Sat 10 to 6, Sun 2 to 6 
(ends Jan 20). 

Jobling decorated glass of the 
1930’s with examples or the work of 
Lalique: Sunderland Museum and 
Art Gallery. Borough Rd; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 5 (ends Jan 19). 

Ian Hardier Photographer, Aber- 
deen Art Gallery & Museums, 
SchoolhiU; Mon to Sal 10 to 5 (ends 

Carmarthen Museum collection 
of samplers; Carmarthen Museum. 

developed into the Tory Reform 
Group. At university he also 
cashedin on the 1950s property 
boom, investing a legacy so (hat 
by the age of 28 he and a 
partner were worth £250,000. 

When he lost the money, he 
set out to make It again. He 
told a colleague as they 
launched Haymarket Publi- 
cations (which was to make 
him a multi-millionaire): to i ned 
to make a lot of mousy so that I 
can concentrate on being a 

Business associates - de- 
scribed him as enterprising, 
hard-working, far-sighted and 

He was elected to Parliament 
in 1966 and within three years 
was o the Conservative front 
bench as shadow transport 
spokesman. He was aged 36. 
When Edward heath came to 
power Mr Heseltine was tested 
in two junior posts at tbe 
ministries of transport .add: 
environment before becoming 
Minister for Aerospace in 

' His flair for oratory came to 
nblic notice in 1975 when be 
made the first of his rather 
stylized flagwaving speeches 
which, with annual repetition, 
were to make him the darting of 
the Conservative party confer- 
ence. The next year, taking tbe 
earing rather more literally, he 
sprang into the headlines by 
seating the mace in the House 
of Commons and shaking H at 
Labour MPs who were singin 
“The Red Flag”. The popular 
press dnbbed him Taixan as a 

Those who regarded him as a 
political opportunist felt their 
suspicions confirmed when, 
after the election of Airs 
Margaret Thatcher, he man- 
aged to distance himself from 
his old mentor Mr Heath and. 
from his membership of the 
‘Vet*’ Bow Group. He became 
Mrs Thatcher’s environment 
secretary after the May 1979 

She regarded him as a great 
success in the job. Within a 

Abergvrfli; Mon to Sat 10 to 4.30 
(ends Jan 18). 

Colour photographs by Tim 
Smith; Untitled Gallery. 171-175 
Howard Rd, Sheffield; Toes to Sat 
10 to 5.30 (ends tomorrow). 

The Lost Plane and other works: 
prints by India Khanna; Pokin the 
Pud: A Fairly Grotto Christmas 
Room designed and made by Peter 
Ellis; Andrew Knight Gallery. 31 
Charles Si. Cardiff; Tues to Sot 10 to 
5 (ends tomorrow). 

Craft work by members of the 
Scottish Craft Centre; MacRoben 
Art Centre Gallery, Stirling Univer- 
sity; Mon to Sat 11 to 5 (ends 


Ricital by Jeremy Po linear (oboe) 
and Diana Ambachc (piano); 
Trelowarren House. Helston, Cor- 
□wall 7.30. 

Kano recital by Bernard Roberts: 

. 1972: As Minister for Aerospace, MrHeseltmeis photographedin front of a picture ot Concorde 

pc* ' ^ j w-, -• . v 

1954: Mr Heseltine (with cigi 
profile at Oxfoi 

month he had abolished 57 
quangos and in trod need a 
system o management controls 
and information briefings 
which allowed ministers to 
exercise an unprecedented 
degree of control which reduced 
the □ timber of Civil Servants 
and substantially cut costs. 
Labour-controlled local auth- 
orities complained that the 
result was over-centralized and 
ndermined the autonomy of the 
British local government sys- 

in his Isis 

1967: With his wife Anne and son 
Rupert at a London hospital 

More In the public eye were 
his initiatives in Liverpool after 
the. Toxteth riots. He braved 
gauntlets of eggs and rotten 
tomatoes on his flying visits to 
the area, bnt his bussing of City 
businessmen to see the invest- 
ment potential of the area 
generated more publicity than 

Three years ago today he 
entered the Ministry of De- 
fence as Secretary of State, 
much to the trepidation of the 
chiefs of staff who feared an 

asault on their independence 
and an epidemic of unrealistic 

He continued to indulge Iris 
weakness for grand gestures, 
sometimes with counter-pro- 
ductive effects, as when he 
stormed into Molesworth wear- 
ing a military flak jacket for 
the eviction of a. handful of 
CND protesters. 

But his axe was wielded with 
care and many of tbe service 
chiefs and senior Civfl Servants 
are sorry to see the departure of 

1983: As Defence Secretary, preparing fo>. bd«tf a 
helicopter and, rightist an election meeting 

a man they came to regard as a the surface,” one friend has 
pugnacious defender of their said. “But - e’s-difficntt to.^t 
best interests -and a firm throagh to. fie' can. turn on the 
believer in the European co- " bonhomie but he is more im& 
operation they favour. ..... morea toner.’’ .. ... 

Mr Heseltine's political . ' Midtael Heseltine’s tra- 

a man they came to regard as a 
pugnacious defender of their 
best interests -and a firm 
believer in the European co^ 
operation they favour. ..... 

Mr Heseltine's political 
future is bow in the balance. 
Although he has a great 
following in the constituencies 
he has made no real effort, to 
cultivate a Heseltine lobby on 
the backbenches where his 
coolness and distance have won 
him few dose friends. 

“He is amiable enough on 

ditional refhge from politics 
has been to. seek solace id 
solitary pastimes. He is a keen 
gardener, . -ornithologist and 
breeds birds in his . private 
aviary. The gamble he has 
taken may mean, he has a. tot 
more time tor such '.activities 
from now on. 

US assets 

Continued from page t 

Tunisian passports used try tbe 
Palestinian gunmen_ had been 
t qtffn from their original owners 
by Libyan security men, he.said: 
“This is something that . is 
trivial ; i it is made up.” 

When I asked ' Colonel 
Gadaffi what he had discussed 
during "his last meeting with 
Abu. ■ Nidal, the .Palestinian 
believed by European states to 
be frwhmd the airport killings, 
he snapped bade ‘TTbat is none 

Whatever the colonel. may 
say about retaliatory Libyan 
sanctions, or American weak- 
ness, the teal deterrent to any 
assault on ' Libya is toe Soviet 
Union or, more specifically, the 
batteries of Sam-5 long-range 
anti-aircraft missiles here which 
axe crowed by Soviet airforce 
personnel and have ' now be- 
come fully operationaL 

In his familiar Quixotic 
-manner. Colonel Gadaffi _ told 
his audience of mainly Ameri- 
can correspondents that Ameri- 
can ffrira™ were not behind Mr 
Reagan’s policies. 

When he was asked if US 
citizens working in Libya were' 
free to leave the country he 
replied, in ,alt seriousness, that 
“they are free to leave the 
Jamahariye [of Libya] and I 
shall accept those who wish to 
stay or who seek . political 
asylum m the Jamahariya.” 

When, asked if he understood 
Mr Reagan’s' abusive descrip- 
tion of -bun as “flaky 1 ?, the. 
colonel replied: *T never, teamed 
that Reagan was. a psychiatrist 
or a neumfcgist;-! . only^kiiew 
that he was a useless actor.** 

- More seriously, the colonel 
insisted that the Americans 
should "turn their attention not 
the-tqrecifics of what he himself 
termed “Palestinian terrorism 1 ’ 
bul to the causes behind it, 

‘Tbe President of the biggest 
superpower ’ in the .world is 
talking about Abu Nidal and 
Individual people. He 'looks at 
superficial matters - not the 
cause that has. pushed 'the 
P atostimans into t er ro ris m.” 

: He ngreed that several coun- 
tries. - he nam ed Italy and 
Yugoslavia as two- of mem - 
had tried to reconcile Libya 
with titol&bul he churned that 
American “lack of understand- 
ing” ' and “anti-Semitism" - 
here he spedfkally .referred to 
anti-Arab feeling — had ; pre- 


Works by Beethoven; Belvoir, 
Leicester u avers ty, 8. - 

General k 

The 13th annual Norwich 
antiques fair, Blackfriara Haft, St 
Andrew's Plain. Norwich, It to 9, 
tomorrow ll to S, 

Food prices 


Top films 

The top box-office films in London: 
1 (1) Bade to the Future 
9 f Best Defence 

3 (-) Defence of the Realm 

4 (51 Letter to Brezhnev 

5 (4) My Beautiful Laundretta 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,940 

8 (6) Piters Honour 

9 (-) A zed and Two Noughts 
10 (3) Legend 

The lop fHm» in the provinces: 

1 Back to the Future 

2 Santa Ctare: The Movie 

3 The Beck Cauldron 

4 Letter to Brezhnev 

5 Legend 

GampSod by Scrim tomrnOnwl 

Top video rentals 

1 (-) Ghosttjuetere 

2 fl) Gremlins • 

3 (2) Beverly Hite Cop 

4 0) The Terminator 

5 (4) Runaway 

G (5) The Last Starflghter 
7. (171 Amadeus 

8 (14) Wa ter 

9 (6) The KBItng Fletda 
10 (7) Missing In Action 


] Dragging all over the place 
outside (7). 

5 A little Italian fawn number (7j, 

9 Pan of skeleton - very good pan 
- rejected (5). 

JO Crowds see a Saint at journey’s 
end (1.4,4). 

11 Innovative men turn it into food 

12 City is a pioneer in sound (5). 

23 Tbe lexicon 1 consulted includes 

this section (5). 

15 In court 1 lob - delay smash 

18 Each island completely, , , (3,4)1 

19 . . .ovcmm (5). 

21 Prone to falsehood (5). 

23 Old books could be bigoted (4- 

25 Lines up an organisation in 
Malaya, perhaps (9). 

26 Suspicion where French replaces 
English in obligation (5). 

27 Complaint from artist included 
in every exhibition to start with 
(7). ' 

28 Choose to love a king or a pnnee 

(7). ' 


1 Person of great strength is in 
charge of satellite CO- 

2 One emerging poet holds 
transport up (9). 

3 Endorse a letter to a Greek or 
African creature (5). 

Prize Crossword in The Times tomorrow 


4 Get comfortably settled in a 
make-shift bed (3,4). 

5 Balloon, a way of travelling; 
around lake (5). 

6 The time of life to make profit 
ont of daughters (6,3). 

7 Picture of one wise man (5)- 

6 Decapitated corpse's turned up, 
I agree, in epic (7). 

14 Call to go climbing - nice resort, 
and very cold (9L 

16 How dared they make us dry 

out? (9). . . 

17 Resort that in France is made 
bigger outside (2,7). 

18 What’s missing, in a word, from 
the Oval (7). . 

20 He does an examination, getting 
70%, in hail (7). 

22 Shot Victor’s head off (5). 

23 Exercise beneath Middle School 

■ building(5). 

24 Move to cut short toe Chancel- 
lor’s statement (5). 

Solution of Puzzle No 16,939 

c- issasiiBzm&im, 

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WsgasanreOnr - 

Ram tor amafl danomhiattan hw* note* orty. 
as auppisd by Bodays BaiA-Pt-C. DWarani 
ratss apply la traNSan' chequw and dhar 
femgn amranqt buskwaa. 

Ratal Me* lwlaK3nM. 

London: Tha FT Index doaed down- 17.7 at 

PortWto - howto play ' 

Monday -Saturday record your <Mty Porttaflo 

Add Itwsa togeOMr to dnvnUn* your : 

n you- total mMdwa Am puMshed waaldy 
tMdeaf figure you have won outright or a 
Share of the pri» money «Mad tw ftat week.' 
and mud dam juur pifce a* mstrucMi bakw. 


Tauphona The Thaw Po t Uo B o debns ta 
254-63272 betuie u 10J90 an and 3J0 am, 
m the day year arena tow oatchetita 
Ttaee PwOofio OMdend. No cWnte cm be 
aeceplad botsida Oww bourn/ 

You must have your card wtti you when you 

The average price of beef topside, 
rilverride and finerib on the bone Is' 
up by about 2p a pound. Frying and 
grilling steak, and boneless brisket 
are unchanged. Home produced 
lamb leg, loin chops, best end chops 
and shoulder are up by 5p to 7p a lb, 
but New Zealand lam b prices are all 
Slightly cheaper. Whole leg ranges 
from £1-29 to £1.58, whole shoulder 
59p to 93p and loin chops £1-22 to 
£1.88. Pork is unchanged at 94p to 
£1.29 for whole leg, £1.28 to £1^0 
for loin chops. Some good meat 
buys this week are: British Home 
Stores rump steak down 50p to 
£2.49 a lb and stewing steak £1. 19 a 
lb; Sainsbnry whole 1% of New 
Zealand lamb £1.18 a lb and loin 
chops 98p a lb; Bejam New Zealand 
lamb leg 99p a lb, pork boneless 
shoulder roast £1.19, beef topside 
and top romp £1.98 a lb; Tcsco 
rump steak £2.12 a lb, minced beef 
92p a lb; Safeway New Zealand 
slewing lamb 39p a lb- and whole . 
shoulder SOp off shopping bill; Fine 
Fare stewing beef £138 a lb; 
Dewlmrst and Baxter whole New 
Zealand lamb 69p a lb, whole 
shoulder 59p a lb and 51b pack of 
New Zea l and lamb chops for £5.50. 

Grapefruit are at their best during 
tbe winter months. They should be 
heavy and thin skinned; a spongy 
skin indicates thick peel and less 
flesh. White fleshed varieties cost 
I Op to 24p each, the sweeter pink 
fleshed varieties 18p to 35p 
according to size. The-first of the 
marmalade oranges have arrived 
from Spain and sell between 28p to 
38p a nr. English Cox’s 30p to 55p a 
lb. French Golden Delicious 20p to 
50p, British Columbian Red 
Delirious 35p to 45p. and Spartans 
40p to 43p a lb are brat apple buys. 

Fresh fish is scarce' and will be 
expensive throughout Britain ditring 
the coming week. Conditions at sea 
have been bad and tbe fishing fleet 
is not folly operational yet Much of 
the fish available from. mongers is 
frozen. Large cod fillets are up I Ip a 
lb, haddock up 13p to an average 
£1.78 a Tb. whiting up 1 Op at £139 
and plaice up 9p -to £1.9L Boned 
herrings average 85p - and flesh 
mackerel . 6lp a lb. Dover sole 
ranges from £2-£4.65 alb. 

. Consumer reaction to artificial | 
additives and cotourings in food is : 
on the increase. Beiun have 
launched a new soft scoop ice cream j 
without Tartazine E102 and Sunset 1 
Yellow El 10- A four line tub costs 
£1.99 and other rizes wiH be | 
introduced shortly, .Marks & 
Spencer will have a -new range of 
country form house bread and rolls j 
made from unbleached ' flour 
without preservatives from Jan 14. 

The Midlands: MS Widening 
'work between ' jnctions 4 (A38 
Bro ms- 

grove) and 5 (A38 Droirwich); 
contraflow on southbound camge- 
way; . expect long delays. MS 
Contraflow between junctions .2 
(A4I23 Dudley and Birmingham 
W) add 3 (A456 Halesowen and 
Birmingham W). A45c Eastbound 
and westbound closures on New- 
market by pass. 

Wades and West: A417: Single 
lane traffic on the Cirencester to 
Birdlip road near EDcstone, GIos. 
A338: Long term roadworks «n the 
Salisbury to Fonfingbridm road at 
Bodepbam. A4119: Major road- 
works and temporary lights on the 
Llantrisam to Tonypandy road. Mid 
Glamorgan, at Wifliams Town and 

The North: M61: Blacow Bridge 
i (junction M61/M6V, Construction 
of new motorway link on M61 at 
'Walton Summit; left 'band closure 
I on both north and southbound 
cartage-ways. AM Contraflow on 
Mai ton bypass, N Yorkshire; delays 
in peak periods. 

' Scotland; MS: Surface .repairs on 
eastbound " carriageway W of 
junction 5 (Shatts/Harthfll). M73: 
Outside lane dosed at junction 2, 
Glasgow (NB link to M8), A87: 
Temporary tights near Kyle of 
Lochalsh, Ross and Cromarty. 



A vigorous •• Atlantic ^de- 
pression win bring frontal 
systems across afi parts. 

. frajnfo midnight 

1 r^iF 




Births: Mfdkel Ney, marshal of 
France, Napoleon's "bravest of tbe 
brave” 1769; John Emericb Acton, 
1st Baron Acton, historian, was 
bom at Naples, 1 834.. 

Deaths: William Land,. Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury 163 3-45, 
executed, London, 1645; Carolns 
I inai c M . botanist, Uppsala, Swe- 
den, 1778: Mary Russell MJtford, 
writer, author of Our Village, 
SwallowfiekL hear Reading. 1855; 
WiTTfam Frederick Cody (^Bnflalo 
KT), Denver, Colorado, 1917; 
Sinclair Lewis, novelist, Nobel 
laureate 1930, Rome. 1951; Gab- 
riels MistraL poet. Nobel laureate 
1945. New York, .1957; GabrieBe 
(Cbca) Chanel, Paris, 1971. 

£15,000 bonds 

3MB 714783; -10BK 618253: 12BW 801801; 
I38S S65S781 5CW 835380; 8ES 48780ft 7ET 
336684; ISM 045818: 4KZ 13022% 10KT 
830/81; tIKN 2S1908; 15KB 313175r11PS 
923338:- 18PL 42321% .12BT 573801; 19RZ 
381351; 24RS 305681: 115W 807387M48B 
59150% 2SVN 0533407 15WW 859878: VS 
9mm; 11Y8 85352% -32F 923068: 72K 

SfiW” Mil 


High tides 






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XBt 8.7 

1289 401 



a i.l! 


BWfast 103 

omm eat 


1057 - 34 
7.02 11.7 

Snow reports 

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Highest and lowest 


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can tarim on your Mail but they oust haw 
your cart and csITho Dow* Pprttolo cWms 
Ins Mmtmttw Stipulated 8 hms- 
No reapansftKty eaa bs aEmptsd fer faaura 
to contact tw cWmi otflea for any noon 

1 The share tns&uc8ons an sp p fc ai bW to- 
berth d«fly and MMkfy fflvWuntf eWms. .. 

• Some TtaM ftrtfafc cards teoa&nttaat 

mtiprtnts In ttw MstiuCflORS on 0» rerem 
3kK TTwasWA W nrtftwafttod. 

• Tlw mxrav ol fkdra 2 and 3 ha teen 
emandad trow a a rtarwi a to m tore lnw c iM cn 
puposw. The Com to«H is not aHaetad and 
wtf continue to be played In snctly tw aaros 

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