Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

No 62,342 


£22,000 to 
be won 

TJcne fa £22,000 to be win in 
V* *imn Portfolio compe- 
txtkm today - £20,000 in the 
weekly competitioa and £2,000 
in the daily. 

There were two winners in 
J»ter*iy’s £2,000 competition. 
Dr C. MntD of Pool ton, Bristol 
end Mrs Marian WmSams of 
Mayfield, East Sussex each 
receive £1,000. Portfolio list: 
page 12; weekly list. Infor- 
mation Service, backpage 

Air safety 

British registered arriines have 
until July 1 to carry out safety 
improvements announced by 
the Civil Aviation Authority 
after last summer’s crash at 
Manchester which killed 55. 
The improvements include 
more fire-resistant seating, extra 
space around emergency exits 
and floor-level lighting Page 3 

Spanish kidnap 
victim freed 

An elite Spanish police unit 
freed an industrialist held by 
Basque kidnappers in a “peop- 
le's prison' 1 near Bilbao, with- 
out firing a shot Page 6 

Shuttle delay 

The launch of the space shuttle 
Columbia was postponed for a 
record seventh time as torren- 
tial rain lashed the Florida 
launch pad Page 6 

Milk price rise 

The price of a pint of milk is 
expected to rise by Ip from 
February 1, a 4.3 per cent 
increase on lost year and less 
than the rate of inflation. 

Blood test 

Britain is to introduce volun- 
tary blood-matching tests to 
check that Bangladeshis who 
want to join relatives in Britain 
are not trying to dodge immi- 
gration laws Page 4 

Sri Lanka dash 

Thirteen Tamil separatist guer- 
rillas and a Sri Lankan Govern- 
ment soldier were killed in a 
gun battle when troops raided a 
guerrilla hideout in the north of 
the country Tamils quit, page 4 

Blandford fails 

An appeal by Lord Blandford 
against a three-month jail 
sentence for breaching pro- 
bation. imposed after a drugs 
offence, was rejected Page 3 

Aircraft jobs 

Short Brothers, the state-owned 
aircraft company, and Northern 
Ireland's biggest manufacturing 
employer, is expected to shed 
abont 700 jobs. Meanwhile, 850 
jobs losses arc likely at 
Debenhams department stores 
Page 11 

Rights plea 

Interrogators of the servicemen 
acquitted in the Cyprus espion- 
age trial were wrong to put the 
national interest before the 
men’s rights, the inquiry was 
told Page 3 

herself over 

B Mrs Margaret Thatcher, speaking to American 
reporters, defended hear style of government -against Mr 
Heseltine’s charges of bias, censorship and stifling of 
cabinet discussion. 

• The likelihood of rife Sikorsky-Fiai bid being approved 
by shareholders suffered a setback as more shares were 
pledged against the merger. 

•A secret defence industry report prepared by the 
political committee of the Carlton Club vindicates Mr 
Hesel tine's approach to the Westland saga. 


By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Prime Minister yesterday ter said that there were full 
defended her style of Govern- discussions, there was a govern- 
ment against the charges made ment policy and “no dissent", 
by Mr Michael Heseltine. She then said: “Now you may 

She told American correspan- go on and on, but I am not 
dents in a 70-minute Press going any further. Follow it up 
conference at No 10 that she as you wish, but I am not going 
was not biased in favour of the any further, f have lived 
Sikorski bid for a slake in the through This, I know every 
Westland helicopter company; single document, every single 
that there was no censorship phrase, every single nuance." . 
and stifling of discussion in her She was immediately asked 
Government; that she wanted whether trust had broken down 
no recriminations - and no between herself and Mr Hesel- 
further questions on the matter, tine and she replied: “I am not 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher going any further. 1 wrote a 
opened the session, and oppor- letter to Mr- Heseltine; I 
tunity which is denied to British regretted his decision. I am not 

rnrrACn/iiV^ant kii eqirinrv “Wo ** 

correspondent, by saying: “We going any further.* 1 

are sod to lose the Defence 

Thatcher was 

Secretary through resignation, asked about the central prin- 
We shall now have to put this ciple of Mr Heseltine's internal 
behind us." 

cabinet struggle; 


But, after a day in which an between European coDabora- 
assortment of cabinet ministers lion and technological domi- 
and official sources had been nation by the United States, 
wheeled * out to counter Mr She said that neither of the 

Heseltine's resignation bom- two bids - from United 
bardmenL, the American corre- Technologies -Fiat or from the 
spondent repeatedly returned to Anglo-European consortium - 

the story of the moment. 

were takeovers, but offers of 

Mrs Thatcher said that the financial reconstruction. Europe 
Cabinet had agreed the process would need Westland for its 





By Patience Wheatcroft 

More shares were pledged 
against the proposed deal 
between Westland helicopters 
and the Sikorsky-Flat rescuers 
last night malting less likely 
the prospect of Westland ’s 
chairman. Sir John Cockney, 
gaining shareholders' approval 
for the link. 

Mr Alan Bristow, the heli- 
copter millionaire fiercely 
opposed to the deal, bought 
more shares,' fairing his holding 
to nearly 12 per M>t, ani 
United Scientific Holdings, 
which has jnst under 5 per cent, 
announced t hat it woold vote 
against the Sikorsky-Fiat deaL 
The company needs 75 per cent 
of the votes at a shareholders’ 
meeting an Tuesday if it is to 
proceed with the deal, which its 
hoard is reco mmendin g. 

Mr David Horne, the Uoyds 
Merchant Bank director who is 
advising the rival Anglo-Enro- 
peaa consortium, said that in 
addition he was thirty confident 
that a large institutional share- 
holder, would vote against the 

This is believed to be Robot 
Fleming, an investment house 
which holds about 8 per cent of 
Westland, and is sounding out 
its investors before deciding 
which way to vote. 

Mr Horne said he believed 
the likely result would be that 
Fleming would favour the 
Anglo-European consortium. 

As GEC , a member of this 
consortium, already holds more 
than Z per cent of Westland, 
Fleming’s holding could take 
the opposion vote to nearly 26 
per cent, so ensuring defeat for 
the Sikorsky-Flat proposal. 

Sir John who still hopes to 
get his proposals accepted by 
shareholders; said yesterday: 
“Otherwise I fear that what 
has been a political force could 
end up as a City force.’ 11 

> : v yu- 





Auberon Waugh on 
servants in 1986 Page 29 

., . _ .. ...» •• • 

rv ' - - ' 

The Prime Minister leaving 10 Downing Street yesterday for Chequers. 

Joseph plans tough Reagan plea 
line oh teachers to isolate 

Answers and 
winners . . . 

... in our Christmas 
Jumbo Crossword 

Page 32 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent j 

The Prime Minister has told with the dispute, and particu- 
Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary of lady with the staggered action 
State for Education and Science; being taken by some teachers, 
to examine ways of forcing local which has the effect of shutting 

authorities to get tough with 
striking teachers. 

His department is preparing a 
paper for the group of Cabinet 
ministers which meets next 
week to continue its discussions 
of the 11-month pay dispute. 

schools down- for days on end at 
very, little cost to teachers. 

In London, for example, 
teachers went on strike for 20 
minutes at a time towards the 
end of last term, with the result 
that the heads could not cover 

The paper looks at ways of ST55Tw» S 

central coordination 

Mrs Lynda Chalker, the 
Transport Minister, was pot in 
charge of Britain's relations 
with the Soviet Union and 
Africa last night. She fills, the 
gap at the Foreign Office left 
by Mr Macolm Rifkind, who 
took over as Secretary of State 
for Scotland on Thursday. 

of collaborative projects and the " ” _ _ 

— Government would fight for its Claims denied 

lie participation - whatever the Patrick. Jenkin 
in shareholders derided. Leading article 

as Mrs Thatcher also denied 

id that Britain had to choose 

Ik between Europe and. America. -Tie City w, 
■ft “What I think is totally wrong is rumours earlier 
m to say either Europe or the stockbrokers ap 
te United States. We obviously do peting to buy s 
a good deal of co-operation with above the mart 

— both. Bristow paid 109 

tat She said: “Please do not say hi* “w holding! 

answers on Westland and that She said: “Please do not say 
fMr Heseltine had been in a either America or Europe. We 

minority of one. 

are part of Nato. We co-operate 

“Every other person in the in many ways with America 
Cabinet agreed that, save Mr technologically and will con- 
Heseltine, who found himself tinuetodoso. 
unable to accept that procedure “Yes, we want Europe to be 
and so left the Cabinet and I an internal market the size of 

expressed my regret 

the American market, so that 

“l am not going any further, collaborative projects in Europe 
The matter is over. We now have as big a market as they 
have to go forward, i am not in have in America, 
the business of recriminations. I “That depends not only on 
regretted the decision, but it is the collaborative projects, but 
his decision." whether national companies 

Asked about the cancellation which have products which 
of planned meetings and cabi- compete with those collabora- 
net minutes altered or censored, live projects are prepared to 
the Prime Minister said: “We purchase on a basis of compe* 
have a style of great discussion tition, value for money and 
and great debate. That has value for design - or are going 
always been characteristic of my to go nationalist. It is much 

handling of government." bigger than the way in which 

She also denied the allegation you are presenting it." 
that she had backed Sikorski, Earlier. Whitehall sources 
pointing out repeated govern- had confirmed that Mr Leon 
ment statements that Westland Brit tan, & 
was a private company, that it Trade and 
was for the company to Raymond 
recommend and for the share- Aerospace, 
holders to decide. night. 

But when she was pressed But thei 

foments that Westland Brittan, Secretary of State for 
ivaie company, that it Trade and Industry, had met Sir 
- the company to Raymond Lygo, of British 
:nd and for the share- Aerospace, on Wednesday 
o decide. night. 

■hen she was pressed But they refused to address 

further, to say whether the the direct allegation made by 
Cabinet had fully discussed the Mr Heseltine: that Mr Brittan 
issues of European as opposed had said that British Aerospace 
the United States technological 

co-operation, the Prime Minis- Continued on back page, col 5 

-The City wjur rife with 
rumours earlier with several 
stockbrokers apparently com- 
peting to bay shares at well 
above the market price. Mr 
Bristow paid 109Sp a share for 
his new holdings, the same as 
he paid for 4 A million shares 
on Thursday. 

Mr Bristow made- an £89 
million takeover bid for West- 
land last spring, but withdrew 
bis offer when the company's 
financial plight became appar- 

Today, the company is 
capitalized at about £65 mil- 
lion, but a renewal bid from a 
Bristow consortium is unlikely 
for Mr Bristow would not be 
able to guarantee Westland the 
work which is a vital compo- 
nent in both the Sikorsky and 
Anglo-European solutions. 

If the shareholders reject the 
Sikorsky-Flat deal oa Tuesday, 
the Anglo-European consor- 
tium hopes that Sir John would 
adjourn the meeting, then 
reconvene to vote on the 
European proposals 

Sir John, however, said that 
be believes the Westland board 
would continue to support the 
Sikorsky-Fiat offer so the 
European deal would be un- 
likely to win the necessary 75 
per cent majority either. 

Westland would then con- 

ana the. Lord Chancellor. They 
are considering it as “a matter 
of urgency". A statement will be 
made on Tuesday. 

A key proposal of the 250- 



Durban blasts Secret report backs Heseltine 

it. ,. a Cnuth Afni-an whites, three I -M- 

and the Lord Chancellor. They Defencting such a marginal 
are considering it as “a matter scat P 0 ** <hfficuibes to 

of urgency" A statement will be '“y V^rty m government mid- 
made on Tuesday. through Us term of office. 

A key proposal of the 250- Given the Heseltine resignation 
page report is the abolition of lts aftermath, the poll could 
jury trials for complex fraud hardly come at a worse tune., 
and the cr ea tion of a frauds trial Since 1 983 the Conservatives 

tribunal of one judge and two ha ye l® 5 * two by-electrons - 
lay assessors. Portsmouth, South and Brecon 

Last night, the Criminal Bar “d Radnor - where the party’s 
Association and the Law So- candidates were defending con- 

ri page report is the abolition of 

2 JunT trials for complex fraud 

jury tn 
and the 

creation of a 

rx fraud 
uds trial 

mhcMot m W -al aim UK) WBauuu UI a uauua uuu 

cons *““ . improve- c f one judge and two 

meats to both sides' offers. lay assessor* 

# Last night, the Criminal Bar 

Five South African whites, three 
policemen and two electricity 
workers, were injured in ex- 
plosions at an eiectnciiy sub- 
station south of Durban. Po lice 
suspected limpet mines were 
used P*«e4 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

dety's criminal law committee 
welcomed the .reforms of pro- 
cedure and evidence but con- 
demned the proposal for a 

By Richard Evans of Trade and Industry over ticians and defence industry oedure and evidence but con- 

■ ■ Lobby Reporter defence matters. experts, of whom two are key demned . me proposal for a 

But it supports Mr Hesel- figures in the Westland saga, frauds trial tribunal m place of 
A secret report on Britain's line's insistence that the British They included Mr Heseltine, Sir jurytrial forsenous frauds.. ^ 
defence industry prepared by Government must increase its Raymond Lygo, managing That raised deep -anxiety 
the political committee of the efforts to improve European co- director of British Aerospace, anti was a step only parallel in 
-Carlton Club, the bastion of the operation in defence procure- Mr Peter Rees, the former peacetime to the Diplock courts 

siderably larger majorities than 
that left by Mr Stevens. 

Mr Stevens became ill with a 
leg ■ infection after spending , 

frauds trial tribunal in place of Christmas with . friends in 
jury trial for serious frauds. Africa. His condition worsened 
That raised “deep -anxiety” on his way back to Britain and 
and was a step only parallel in ho was admitted unconscious to 

Ownprcllin boom I Conservative Party, completely menu 
uwuer&uxp UUUUI vindicales M Michael Hesel- Gei 

Cabinet minister, and Air Chief ( bi Northern Ireland . where 

The number of owner-occupied 
homes more than trebled from 
four million in 1951 to 13.5 
million in 1984. according to 
government statistics in Social 

Lloyd’s inquiry 

The Trade and Industry Sec- 
retary announced an inquiry 
into the regulatory arrange- 
ments at Lloyd's, the London 
insurance market. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 11 

Englan d doubt 

Anti-apartheid protesters, in 
Trinidad have placed m jeop- 
ardy the two Tests which 
England are due to play there on 
then- forthcoming West Indies 
tour Page 21 


vindicates Mr Michael Hesel- General Sir John Hackett, a Marshal Sir Douglas Lowe, 
tine's approach to the Westland former commander in chief of chairman of Mercury Coin- 
saga. the British Army on the Rhine munications and a director of 

senior judges sat alone in some 

Mr Brian Sedgemore, the 

A copy of the paper, entitled who chaired the meetings which Rolls-Royce and Royal Ord- I Labour MP who has led the 

“Defence and the defence 
industries” and marked strictly 

led to the report, said last night 
“1 am bound to say his (Mr 

nance Factories. 

attack on the Government over 

Sir John said that the report the Johnson Matthey affair also 

private and confidential, was Heseltine's) position does come highlighted -the lade of co-ortE- { praised the procedural reforms 

leaked to The Times yesterday out quite well.” 

nation between the MoD and but attacked that of abolishing 

and it confirms the gulf and The report was compiled the Department of Trade and | i ur Y trials: 

bitterness between the Ministry after taking evidence, written 
of Defence and the Department and oral, from leading poli- 

Con tin tied on page 2, col 6 

Leading article, page 9 
Kenneth Fleet, page 11 

Africa. His condition worsened 
on his way back to Britain and 
he was admitted unconscious to 
a hospital at Poissy, near Paris 
on Monday. 

The infection, a form of 
septicaemia, was complicated 
by heart, breathing and neuro- 
logical problems. 

Mr Stevens, a member of the 
Commons select committee on 
trade and industry,' was a 
former vice-president of ■ the- 
Campaign for Homosexual 
Equality. He was a bachelor. 

Obituary, page 10 

Thousands face long wait for test-tube motherhood 

Homs News 2-4 
Oversees 4-4 
Appts 10,13 
Am 7 

Bridge 32 
Business 11-20 
Chess 32 

Coart 10 

Crosswords 28, 32 

Events 28 

Features * 

Law Report 26 
Leading articles 
and Letters 9 
Obituary JO 
Religion 10 
Science 10 

Services 10 
Sue** reports 28 
Sport 21-23 
TV* Radio 27 
Theatres 24,35 
Weather 28 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Tomorrow's children await 
their chance of life in neat rows 
of incubator shelves, nurtured 
at body temperature of 37.2C, 
or in the suspended animation 
of liquid nitrogen tanks, frozen 
to 200C below zero. 

Their mothers must also 
wait, but by now they are 
resigned to waiting. Each year, 
some 1,200 hopeful women 
receive in-vitro fertilization at 
the Bourn Hall dink: in 
Cambridgeshire. But they are 
outnumbered by those on the 
waiting list. 

“We estimate that b etwee n 
20,000 and 30,000 .people a 
year require treatment In 
Britain, but most of them have 

little chance of receiving it, 
says Mr Patrick Steptoe, who 
Kith Dr Robert Edwards 
pioneered IVF techniques 
seven years' ago. 

Since then, more than 2,000 
babies have been born around 
the world as a result, and 
Bourn Hall, the clinic that 
Steptoe and Edwards founded 
credit for at least 560 of 
them, more than any other unit. 

Four out of tea women who 
attend the clinic travel from 
such countries as Greece, Italy 
and the Arab nations. Some set 
out from homes in Hoag Kong 
or India. 

Each will pay £1,800 for a 
course of treatment, with no 
guarantee of ever having tin* 
child they yearn for. Indeed. 

the odds against are at least 
five to one. 

The treatment is uncomfort- 
able, unpleasant and undig- 
nified for both the women and 
their menfolk, who must supply 
semen samples. 

’ Despite that, and the poor 
c h a nce s of haring what Patrick 
Steptoe describes jovially as “a 
takeaway 'baby", the waiting 
lists at Boom Hall and other 
clinks continue to lengthen. 

The situation will get worse 
for the childless wn1p«« IVF is 
more widely available within 
the National Health Service, he 

“Infertility has a low priority 
within the NHS, although it is 
a condition which causes 
tremendous misery to many 

thousands of men and women,’ 

“It Is very sad that these 
people, particularly foe women, 
are not getting a fair -deaL In- 
vitro fertilization is .wrongly 
considered to be a last: resort - 
for the childless. . ' . c ' 

“It has. to -find its 'proper- 
place within the health service, 
hot has not . yet been given that- 
place." - 

Every . morning from -seven 
o'clock- at Bourn Hall, women 
are wheeled. Into the -operating 
theatre ’ under general anaes- 
thetic; Eggs are removed from 
their ovaries, passed through a 
hnvrfi into an adjacent roam 
and, if nil is well, they are 
fertilized in a glass dish with 
their husband's semen. 

If subsequent growth iff foe 

fertilized ova is judged satisfac- 
tory by Mr Steptoe, Dr 
Edwards and their colleagues, 
they win be replaced into the 
mother's womb. 

Pregnancy will not always 
follow, but if it does, foe 
mother's condition will be 
closely monitored by foe clinic. 

Though the walls at Bourn 
Hall are decorated with scores 
of : happy mother-and-child 
snapsh- foe doctors and staff 
at the clinic seldom see the 
living rewards of their work. 

“Some of the parents do 
bring their babies to let us see 
them, even travelling from 
abroad to do so”, Mr Steptoe 
says. “But there are many 
failures. Even so, some of them 
write to us, and thank ns for 
frying.” . . 



From Michael Binyon ... 


President Reagan said yester- 
day that US friendship with - — - - - 

Western Europe was too strong JU the 
to allow differences over Libya „, 0 u; nrt 
“to make us turn on them". But melting pOt 

dosed for as much as two 
weeks. The teachers lost only 20 
minutes’ pay a day. 

Ten' of the 104 local edu- 
cation authorities are now 
taking steps to penalize such 
teachers by deducting their pay 
for a whole (half a day) or by 
deducting pay according to the 

pereuaiing local authorities to dosed for M much ^ ^ 
use the existing law better weeks. The teachers lost only 20 
against dianptive teachers, and rainutcs - pay a day. 
ways in which the law might be _ . y' ' 
changed. ' Ten of foe. 104 local edu- 

Thu move results from a authorities are now 

meeting of a special committee *^8 s£ps j to penalize such 
of Cabinet ministers before by iWuctmg their pay 

Christmas, after which Sunday whole a day) or by 
newspaper journalists were ^uctum pay according to the 
riven a lobby briefing that foe length of foe dispute: 

Prime Minister wanted disrup- Mr. Ivor Widdison, of .foe 
five teachers locked out of Council of Local Education 
schooL The prtsa reports to this Authorities, said that; . when 
effect went unchallenged by authorities got tough, teachers 
Downing Street though the did not take such action again. 
Department of Education and “It is really not helpful for 
Science said: “This is not foe central government to seek to 
department's view." intervfeae, because authorities 

It is dear, however, that Mrs are doing what they can”, he 
Margaret Thatcher is fed up said. 

Fraud case By-election 

jury trials test for 

ending soon Tories 

The Government will- act ^ rt S? vc ^ ent 

quickly to brine in laws in foe ^ 

next cession of Parliament on Parliament after foe death near 
foe main thrust of raical JJ™. early yesterday of Mr 
proposals made-yesterday by a Stevcn^ Con^rnmve 

committee under Lord Roskill, M? for Fulham (Richard Evans 

foe law lord to combat serious wr l*f s ^ . , , ’ . 

fraud (Francis Gibbs. Legal Stevens, aged 56, had 

Affaire Correspondent writes. - . rcprreented foe south-west 
The report, which uiges the {£?fo>n constituency since 
most far reaching reforms to foe ]979, and in foe last general 
legal system for many years, demion had a majority of only 
was “heartily" endorsed yester- 4,789 over the Labour candi- 

day by both the Home Secretary da ^- , . , 

and the Lord Chancellor. They Defending such a nuiipiml 

those who said sanctions did 
not succeed had .perhaps - not 
tried to make them .work by 
joining together. 

In a 30-minute interview 
with The Times and with four 
other Western European corre- 
spondents, Mr Reagan said he 
was not surprised at European 
reluctance to follow the US lead 
over sanctions because of its 
dependence on Libyan oil and 
trade. But he said a moral issue 
was involved when a sovereign 
-state, so -obviously resorting to 
terrorism, was against -foe 

“I am hopeful that as they 
continue to consider -this, we 
may find that we can come 
together, isolating this outlaw in 
the world’s nations", he said. 
Mr John Whitehead, foe 
Deputy Secretary of State, 
would be presenting foe full 
evidence of Libya's involve- 
ment in international terrorism 
when he had talks with Western 
European governments next 

Asked his reaction to a 
suggestion by Senator Howard 
Metzenbaum that the time had 
come to consider the assassina- 
tion of Colonel Gadaffi, foe 
President shook his head in 
disapproval "T errorism in 
response to -terrorism is not the 
answer”, he said 

Washington strategy, page 6 
Media tiger, page 8 
Deficit battle, page 11 

Contrasts of 
Latin America 

Pages 39-31 

Taking an 

The best place for 
your savings 

Family Money, 
pages 15-20 

Hitching to 
a star 

Douglas Adams and a 
cosmic cult Page 36 



Twins of 

The sisters who 
lived in silence 


Lamom’s Glossary, with a foreword by Professor Gower, is we think ihe first of 
Lis Vind, a comprehensive and detailed compendium of financial terms and 
tbeir definitions written in plain dear English. It mil guide the investor 
through tie jungle of financial jargon. We have already sold thousands of 
copies and all typesof investors have been delighted. 

What the papers say. - - 

“A useful reference book for Anyone interested in money” Tunes 27.4.85. 

“A rather good guide to investment jargon” Sunday Telegraph 16.6.85. 

“A useful working tool for the private investor teaming the ropes . . . and more 
than occasional help to the professkmaT Practical Investor 7.85. 

Ifyoq would Ufcea copy of Lamont's Glossary please fill in the coupon 
and send k to os with your cheque for £2. 


lorimL ; sior^'v.ii!i;t2iL<)rtfror moV 

If you need advice or evens 
second opinion - rcaden. of ihc 
glossary ran receive a FREE 
financial appraisal. Tick the bo\ 
on the application for details. 


LIMITED B||aBg|§i5|K|ggp 


Irani & Partner*, 48 Cbarte* Street. Berkeley Sq- Lmdoa WIX 7PB TU; 

Pfcasescnd sue a copy of Lamont's Glossary. I endose £2 (ind-p&p). **' . 

» AM 

1 AS 

(• AU 
« AD 


2 Am 
5 Am 
*1 Am 
r Am 
f> Am 

jl Am 
? Am 

, Bur 
. Burt 
^ Can 
' Can 
\ Csfe 
•* Can 
; Cha 
j cmc 
- 1 aar 
J Coe 



No 10 sources reply to Heseltine’s allegations 





ch e t 

By Anthony Bevins 
Politcal Correspondent 

Downing Street sources yesterday de- 
livered a blow-by-blow response to 
allegations made by Mr Michael Headline 
in ms resignation statement on Thursday 
and flatly denied his two central alle- 

Mr Heseltine said that the Prime 
Minister had negated the principle of 
collective responsibility by cancelling a 
meeting of ministers at which die was 
bound to be defeated for a fourth time on 
the issue of the Westland helicopter 
company bids. 

He also alleged that the Prime Minister 
had acted to give favoured status to the 
United Technologies- Fiat bid for a 
Sikorsky foothold m Westland in prefer- 
ence to the Anglo-European consortium 
which Mr Heseltine favoured. 

Both those allegations were denied by 
the Downing Street sources yesterday. 

Mr Heseltine said on Thames Tele- 
vision's TV Eye programme: “The reason 
why I left the Cabinet is because the view 
as expressed by a majority of my 
colleagues, which was going to be given an 
opportunity for further exploration at a 
meeting, was frustrated because the 
meeting was cancelled”. 

That meeting, he said, had been agreed 
at the meeting of the economic affairs 
cabinet sub-committee on Monday, Dec- 
ember 9. It was lo take stock on Friday, 
December 13, “at 3pm after the Stock 
Exchange had closed", of Mr Heseltine’s 
attempts to create an Anglo-European 
alternative to the Sikorsky bid. 

possibility that it might be 


Ip die event, Mr Heschine came up with 
an alternative option and there was no 
need for a further meeting of ministera. 

There had sever been any commitment 
to a meeting The options, having been 
created, were for the company to consider. 
Me Heseltine was correct in saying that 
contingency arrangements were ma d e. But 
there was no firm decision for a meeting. 
There was no recorded decision. 

Mr Heseltine said: “The Government in 
its official position has sought to suggest 
that it has adopted an even-handed 
approach between the viable offers”. 

In practice, obstacles had been removed 
from the path of the Sikorsky bid and the 
proposal to dear all statements through the 
Cabinet Office would have created “doubt 
and delay" and would have allowed 
Sikorsky advocates “to make mayhem over 
what is now the superior British-European 

Downing Street sources said that Mr 
Heseltine's argument about obstacles in the 
path of the Sikorsky offer - the provisional 
agreement by the natioal armaments 
directors of Britain, Italy, West Germany 
and France that their future helicopter 
needs should be met by “helicopters 

designed and built in Europe"- was 

No evidence that such 
a meeting was promised 

Downing Street sources said yesterday 
that there was no evidence that such a 
meeting had been promised. Contingency 
arraogments had been made for a meeting. 

The Government did not have a policy, 
it was said. The national armaments 
directors could not bind the Government. 
Their agreement of November 29 was only 
a recommendation, not a policy. 

Mr Heseltine said that at subsequent 
ministerial meetings, on December 4 and 5 
and then at the economic affairs sub- 
committee on decern ber 9, the Prime 
Minister ad attempted and failed to 
remove the national ar mam ents directors' 

Majority *was not with 
Heseltine throughout 9 

Downing Street sources said that it was the 
recollection of minist ers who had attended 
those meetings that Mr Heseltine did not 
have majority backing throughout They 
were at variance with Mr Heseltinc's 
version of events. 

It was stilted that the Government's aim 
was to get a competitive situation. It did 
that Discussion was not thwarted in' any 

To suggest that discussion was thwarted 
would be nonsense. Mr Heseltine was 
saying^ that the Cabinet should have 
collective responsibility - provided he was 
free to campaign for one particular 

It was not good enough to personalise 
the issue by saying that foe Prime Minister 
was in the wrong. It was a Government 
matter. Mr Heseltine was not even-handed; 
foe Prime Minister was even-handed. 

Government policy had been stated 
innumerable times. It was to give foe 
company a choice and for foe company to 
make a decision. 

But Mr Heseltine had said that, although 
the Government had initially recognized 
the attractions of British Aerospace 
involvement in the European consortium, 
Mr Leon Brittan, Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, had told Sir Raymond 
Lygo, of British Aerospace, on Wednesday 
night that his company's involvement was 
against foe “national interest and that 
British Aerospace should withdraw". 

It was put to the sources that Mr Brittan?- 
was refusing to speak- for himself. He had 
refused a request to be interviewed on the 
BBC radio Jimmy Young programme and 
was making no comment 
Trade and Industry sources said, 
however, that there bad been a meeting on 
Wednesday at the department in Victoria 
Street, Westminster. . . 

Sir Raymond had been in -the building 
for a meeting with Mr Geoffrey Patti e, 
Minister of State responsible for aerospace. 
Because he had been in foe building he bad 
“gone up” to see the secretary of state, who 
had reaffirmed the government position.- - 

Dispute about what 
Brittan said to Lygo 

recommendation “and thus leave foe way 
clear for the Sikorsky deal". 

Downing Street sources said that it was 
up to Mr Brittan to speak for himself 
Downing Street officials had not attended 
foe meeting and did not know what had 
been said at foe meeting. 

He had told Sir- Raymond that it was 
entirely a matter for British Aerospace 
whether it participated in the Anglo-Euro- 
pean. consortium, but he added that what 
concerned' him was the nature of the 
-statements being made during foe Wes- 
tland campaign. 

Mr Brittan was reported to have said 
that foe anti-American nature of those 
statements might damage the sales of 
British Aerospace in foe United States. 

When it was pointed out that Mr 
Hesd tine's central allegations had not been 
directly addressed - whether Mr Brittan 
had also said that British Aerospace 
participation was against foe national 
interest and that they should withdraw 
from foe Anglo-European bid - the sources 
said that foe guidance offered was final . 

Mr Heseltine also alleged that after a 
refusal by the Prime Minister to allow a 
cabinet discussion on December 12, he had 
insisted that the Secretary of the Cabinet 
Sir Robert Armstrong, should record his 
protest in foe cabinet minutes. 

There was no reference to Westland 
discussiofl in foe subsequeimt cabinet 
minutes and, after his complaint an 
unprecedented addendum had then been 

No question of record ■ v 

being suppressed 

Downing Street sources said that a proper 
record Itad been made of foe * cabinet 
discussion, which had not been put on the 
original agenda because Mir Heseltine had 
not requested that ft should be placed On 

foe agenda. . 

had been rlismssftti because he 

had raised it There was a full record, but a 
brief summary had in advertently been 
omitted when the minutes had been 
circulated to ministers. As soon as the 
omission had been noted it had been 

The omission had been pointed out by . 
Mr Heseltine. There was no question of the 
record deliberatdy being falsified or 

Mr Heseltine said that a letter from Sir 
John Cockney, chairman of Westland, on 
December 30, seeking assurances about foe 
future of the company if the United 
Technologies-Hai bid went _ through, 
related to defence procurement issues and 
should have been passed on to his 
department by the Prime Minister. The- 
letter bad been sent to Trade and Industry 
and a draft reply, received at foe Ministry . 
of Defence an December 31. contained 
information which was “materially 

- ministers suggestion foai discussion* had 
continued until 10pm on New Year's Eve 
because it had taken that long to “hammer 
out” a reply “which al concerned could live 

Mr Heseltine. aid that, while he h*i 
agreed that all new policy statements could 
be referred to foe Cabinet Office, he had 
refused to abandon or. quality in any way 
assurances he had already given “on 
defence procurement issues tn hue with 
policies my colleagues have not. contra? 

Co-ordination ‘standard 
practice in such atialrs 9 

misleading”. • ■ • 

Matter was properly one 
for Trade and Industry 

Downing Street sources said that their' 
understanding was that the letter from Sir 
John had asked for information on whether 
Westland would still be regarded' as a 
British company in the event of a 
successful bid by United Technologies^ 

That had properly been a question for 
foe Department of Trade and Industry. ■ . . . 

Mr Heseltine had approved foe draft at 
1 0am. There was no reaction to the former 

Downing Street sources said that co- 
ordination was standard practice in. such 
matters. Nobody else bad foe sfightest 
difficulty with it it .whs a spurious 

AIT. statements issued by foe Govern- 
ment had to be ckared with departments • 
and foe Cabinet Office had to be-informed . 

■of them. If a piece of paper went to the 
Cabinet Office it was automatically 
checked. The charge that such a procedure 
could have been used to inflict doubt and 

delay on statements in be made, by Mr • ' 

Heseltine was nonsense. 

Tb conclusion, the Downing Street. ;* «■ 

sources said again that ministers accepted 
that foe Prime Minister, was even-handed yg 

'•Prime ministers -had to do foe best for 
governments they led in all circumstances.' J '' 
Allegations were always being made about f 
foe. way that cabinet business was being 
conducted by 'people who did not get their 
way. That, it was said, was -a human •*" 
condition. ' • _ 

The Government was going' - to back 0 

Westland. It was a^Britisb^mpahy^Tt was ■ — 

a European company, foe ■ Government • ' 

.would back »L • • ' * 

Backbench war of words 

over Thatcher’s style 

t - 

. - . • 

By Stephen Goodwin 

- • ! - • 

A backbench war of words 
over the Prime Minister’s style 
of leadership was raging among 
Conservatives yesterday in foe 
wake of Mr Michael Heseltine’s 
resignation. Her supporters see 
foe affair as an example of firm 
control her critics regard it as a 
“disturbing indictment". 

Mr Patrick Cormack, MP for 
Staffordshire South, said it was 
important that Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher recognize that she was 
first among equals and not 
“elected supreme head of the 
British people". There were 
important lessons for the Prime 
Minister to learn from the 
incident. Mr Cormack said. She 
had to adopt a change of style. 

Sir Kenneth Lewis, Stamford 
and Spalding, also believed it 
was Mrs Thatcher’s style that 
was at the root of foe problem. 

He noted with Mr Heseliine’s 
departure following that of 
other ministers in recent 
months there was now “almost 
a cabinet outside foe Cabinet”. 

Left-wing Conservative Mr 
Robert Hicks, Cornwall South- 
East, said that in view of foe 
accusations and counter-accu- 
sations it was important the 
party find out the truth as soon 
as possible. “Otherwise it is 
going to have an undermining 
effect upon the status and the 
credibility of the Government,” 
he said. 

The Prime Minister’s sup- 
porters were equally forthright 
Sir Bernard Brainc, MP for 
Castle Point said Mrs Thatcher 
had lived up to her reputation 
of being firmly in control of her 

“You cannot have individual 
ministers in a government going 

off in different directions. If Mr- 
Heseiiine felt he had to resign, 
well and good. If he could have 
delayed taking that decision by 
a few hours foe Bristow 
intervention would have made 
it quite unnecessary," Sir 
Bernard said on BBC radio. 

Senior Cabinet members 
close to the Heseltine-Westland 
dispute have no speaking 
engagements before foe Com- 
mons resumes on Monday after 
the Christmas recess. Mr Leon 
Brittan, Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry', is in his 
Yorkshire constituency of Rich- 
mond, Mr George Younger, the 
new Secretary of State for 
Defence, is in Scotland for foe 
weekend, and Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
.Affairs, leaves today for a four 
of the Gulf, returning on 

. . 

' ^ • 



fear on 

US sales 

• - 

r - - . 

f ' - .. 

European package goes ahead 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

After a hurried visit to Paris 
and Loudon, foe head of one of 
the partners in foe European 
consortium offering a rescue 
package to Westland yesterday 
retained to Italy with a 
reassurance that the consor- 
tium would press ahead in spite 
of foe resignation of Mr 
Michael Heseltine as Secretary 
of State for Defence. 

Dr Raffaelo Ted, of Agosta, 
had talks with Aerospatiale 
and then in London with 
Admiral Sir Raymond Lygo, 
managing director of British 
Aerospace. Sir Raymond is 

understood to have assured him 
that foe commitment of foe 
British members of foe consor- 
tium, British Aerospace and 
GEC remained unchanged. 

The consortium Is trying 
desperately to distance itself 
from foe political in-fighting 
which has surrounded the rival 
European and Sikorsky-flat 

Dr Ted told The Times that 
the European consortium’s 
offer was a business operation, 
but he had become more and 
more aware of foe political 
controversy around 1 l They 

were not in a battle, bat were 
simply mounting a rescue 
operation for a company that 
was a friend 

They had to oppose by ail 
possible means foe entry of 
American industry into foe 
European helicopter industry. 

Mr Norman Tebbit, Conservative Party, chairman, leaving 
the party headquarters in London yesterday to enter 
hospital for a skin graft after injuries suffered in the 
Brighton bomb explosion. 

In foe medium term Wes- 
tland would cease to be a valid 
partner for Agusta, although 

Ex-minister takes on role 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 
Fears British Aerospace 
might lose business in the 
United States if-it persisted in 
leading foe European consor- 
tium were behind Mr Leon 
Brittan’s suggestion on Wed- 
nesday night that foe company 
withdraw in the national 
interest”. . 

It emerged yesterday that 
the Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry met Sir Raymond 
Lygo, the BAe chief executive 
at foe department's head- 
quarters. in Victoria Street, 
T-imkImi, .and . reaffirmed : the. 
Cabinet's -position ote Wes- 
tland. That, he said, included 
the- view that • foe Westland 
shareholders should be allowed 
to decide foe company's future.- 
He told Sir Raymond that, 
as foe sponsoring minister-far 
the aerospace industry,: it was 
his belief that taking part In foe 
European consortium was en- 
tirely a matter for BAe. - 

;Mr Brittan then added that 
he was, however, concerned 
that certain statements , being 
made about foe Westland issue 
could give foe appearance of 
anti- Americanism and . damage 
BAe’s sales prospects . in - the 
United States/ Yesterday, BAe 
declined to comment on .foe 

existing collaborative projects 
with Westland would “continue 

with Westland would “continue 
under foe conditions and within 
foe limits of existing agree- 

of public relations agent 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

% LHR 


(mwicked prices.) 

Air Canada flyMirect from London Heathrow 
(LHR) to Singapore (SIN) via Bombay (BOM). 

Air Canada w% give you a Canadian ranch 
breakfast. (Almost in%pssible to resist and very 
naughty if you’re watching the weight.) Free 
drinks (tut tut). Headsets^very antisocial). 
Blankets and pillows (wel^what would you 
expect). In fact Air Canada&gvill thoroughly 
spoil you % 

One thing however. Air Canada do leave 
Heathrow at a decent hour; lL30am^The only 

Mr Michael Heseltine yester- 
day explained why. if he were a 
Westland shareholder, he would 
“without hesitation” vote 
against the link with Sikorsky- 
Fiat which the company board 
is recommending. 

At a hastily-called press 
conference, the former Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, who 
resigned from the Government 
on Thursday, declared that the 
European consortium, which he 
was instrumental in putting 
together, was offering a better 
deal for Westland employees, 
shareholders and the long-term 
future of the company. 

Acting as a virtual public 
relations man for the European 
consortium, Mr Heseltine re- 
fused to deal with any questions 
which touched on the political 
aspects of the debade. He 
insisted that as yesterday was 
probably the last day on which 
shareholders could hope to send 
off proxy forms in time to vote 
in the ballot on Tuesday, it was 
important that the commercial 
and industrial implications of 
the future of Westland should 
be fully considered. 

Mr Heseltine claimed that 

the European consortium prom- 
ised more work for Westland 
employees and offered more 
favourable terms to share- 
holders than did the rival 
American deal 

Secret report 

He questioned whether the 
link with Sikorsky would bring 
Westland high technology work 
and suggested that there were 
major dangers in being a 
licensee for a company which 
would be effectively a control- 
ling shareholder. He pointed 
out that in such a situation 
Sikorsky's interest would be in 
getting the most favourable 
possible terms from Westland 
“Sikorsky wants more sales of 
American helicopters and more 
work for American factories,” 
Mr Heseltine said 

Under his European pro- 
posals all the money that 
Britain spent on new helicopters 
would actually be spent in 
Britain Mr Heseltine explained 
Under the American proposals, 
20 per cent of that money would 
be spent overseas. “That is 
between £1 million and £1 Y* 
million oil each helicopter," he 

Continued from page I 
the real necessity for a ebr 
brdinated policy in Whitehall 
on defence procurement. 

The report, a copy of which is 
due to be sent to the Cabinet 
Office, points tb criticism of the 
mis-malch between the policies 
of the MoD, the main defence 
purchaser, and the trade depart- 
ment responsible far foe civil 

“Although foe ' declared 
policy of the MoD is foe 
maintenance of a- powerful 
defence industry for strategic 
reasons, foe DTf has no such- 
specific objective and the two 
departments are often reported 
to be at loggerheads, as is 
suggested in foe case of 
Westland and mav arise over 

“There is a dear need for a 
declared industrial policy.” 

Commenting on Mr Hcsel- 
tine’s clear desire for greater co- 
operation in Europe on defence 
procurement, the report says 
there arc problems but the; 
advantages are .considerable. 

There'* has been no resig- 
nation this century tike Mr 
Heseltme’s. ■ On no - other 
occasion has .a .senior minister 
walked out of the government , 
to launch an immediate, de- 
tailed, frontal assault upon foe 
Prime Minister and the: con- 
duct of foe Cabinet 

Anthony Eden was upset by 
Neville Chamberlain’s failure 
to consult him over, dealing 
with the European dictators, 
bat ' he delivered no tirade 
against foe Prime Munster; 
when he went. Nye Bevan’s 
resignation speech was " a 
' fundamental attack, but he ; 
confined himself tb policy 
issues. Lord Carrington, who 
until now had provided foe 
most dramatic' departure from' 
Mrs Thatcher’s Cabinet, went 
"in sorrow at his co u ntr y men 
rather than ' in. anger at .hh 
Prime Minister. " 

Perhaps foe closest comparf- 
7 son with Mr HesHfine's reSig- ” 
nation .was foe. refusal of Jain . 
v Maclepd. to ’* serve -nnderSir 
Alec Douglas-Home,- in 1965 ■ 
because he disapproved of the 
way in whichdhe Conservative * 
Party had selected' jte leader. 
Macleod did ?mske si bitter, 
detailed attack upon foe Con- - 
; servatrve decision-making PTOr 
cess .with Ms article on foe 
“magic, circle*' in iThe Spec- 
tator, although -that was not 
until sometime lateii 

His rejection - of Sir Alec’s 
. invitation damaged the Govern- - 
meat it was r an expression of 
strong Feeling not an act of 
personal calculation and It did 
not project:' Mm into the 
leadership. Indeed; although he . 
had been restored to the 
Conservative fronf bench, .he 
had attracted' so mnch criticism 
within foe party that he dhtaot 
stand far foe succession to Sir . 
Alec in 1965. 

There are still some who . 
believe that foe Conservatives 
would have won foe 1964 
election, instead of losing by a 
mere three seats, if MacLeod \ 
and Mr Enoch Powell had not • 
broken ranks. It is far too soon 
to conclude that Mr HeseltineV 
departure wiD have the same : 

' effect. The 'Conservatives may ; 
well win foe next election, but' ' 
they have been hurt. 

Nat only has foe Govern^ f 
meat lost its most powerfbl 
orator and a minister- with an 
independant mind, ft will also 
be a little while before Con- 
servatives- can . again taunt 
-Labour as the divided^ arty. 

' Like MacLeod,' Mr Hesie- 
tine is a man . of : powerful . 
emotions who iw« acted more 
precipitately than .his col- 
leagues thought was necessary. 
He may be accused- of being 
headstrong or of 'executing a 
devious scheme for his own 
advancement. But not of both at 
foe same time. • 

I believe that we have been 
witnessing a .campaign waged 
with passion . and - reckless 
courage. Nobody could have 


been farther these past few 
weeks . -from being, in Nye 
BevanS famous phrase, “a 
desskated -calculating mach- 
ine ’VH hashfiortau astonishing 
perfanoanpe^bat I do not think 
the «ntcome~ : wflI increase Mr 
Hesdtine’s . ichances of the 

Rebel facing a 

'• It. would -be absurd to assert 
that a man who could by. his 
energy and the farce of his 
personality make the future of 
Westland foe dominating issue 
of British politics will never be 
Prime Minister, He has dis- 
played in full measure foe 
nerve that is one of foe 
principal requirements for the 
job. But he has placed himself 
in a difficult position. 

If the Conservatives win the 
next election they are hardly 
likely to look to the - rebel 
outside the Cabinet for Mrs 
Thatcher's successor. If they 
lose, Mr. Heseltine fatikely to 
receive a fair amount. of the 
blame for the defeat. 

.If in the - . meantime he 
conducts himself with circums- 
pection on the back benches it 
will be said that be has sunk 
without trace. -If he becomes a 
formidable critic then he will be 
accused, of spBtting the party 
stfll further. • 

My guess Is that just- as 
Sevan resigned from the Attlee 
government over -charges for 
teeth and ; spectacles,', hot 
immediately - .developed his 
attack to rearmament and then 
more broadly still, so Mr 
Heseltine wOI --progressively 
extend bus criticism of the 
present Government. . 

The more -effectively he. does 
so the. more he will re main a 
force in Conservative politics. 
But also the more «i& the party 
be polarized. If that' happens; 
Mr Heseltine may still have a 
position of distinction in a 
future government. But r. the 
party would-be more likety to 
turn for its next leader to 
someone -who would seem 
better placed to unity it. - 

morning departure to Singapore. 

\ BOM 


SIN » 


252 ^ more dmib contact yowtravd agent or ring Air Can^ 

QC A1RCANADA 140- 144 Regent Street London WL 01-759 3656. 

OD Manchester 061 - 2369 Ul-BlniUnghani 021-643 9807. Glasgow 041-332 151L 


New attack on EETPU 

Dublin determined to 

David Felton and Barrie Clement 

The Electrical Electronic. 
Telecommunication and 

Plumbing UnioiQ, led by Mr 
Eric Hammond came under 
renewed attack yesterday from 
the prim unions. 

. The TUCs printing indus- 
tries committee decided that 
four of the constituent onions, 
not including foe electricians, 
would seek to formulate pro- 
posals for Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch's News International 
group which would make 
industrial action “extremely 

That decision along with, the 
TUC “advice” that the elec- 
tricians' union should not reach 
a deal with Mr Murdoch that 
excludes other unions, will be 
discussed at a me eting on 
Tuesday of the EETUP execu- 
tive: The agreement between 
the other unions was last night 
seen as an attempt to wrest foe 
initiative in a rapidly worsening 

News International on Thurs- 
day night gave six months' 
notice to . the unions that it 
wanted to end foe agreements 
covering operations at The 
Times. The Sunday Times. The 
Sun and News of the World. The 
company is believed to be 
seeking legally- bin ding no-strike 
deals at foe four papers, similar 
to the proposals it put to foe 
unions for opening a new £70 
million printing centre at 
Wappihg, east London, 

Mr Hammond indicated at a 
press conference at the union's 
education centre in Kent, where 
the meeting with foe UDM, was 
held that' he may recommend 
rejection of a single union deal 
with Mr Murdoch if the 
alternative was expulsion from 
foe TUG 

The initiative for a counter 
proposal from the TUC came 
from Mr Harry Conroy, general 
secretary of foe National Union 
of Journalists. The NUJ has. 

been exempted from foe dead- 
line for union agreements 
issued to all other unions at the 
four titles. 

Miss Trends Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat ’82, said after, 
the TUC committee- meting 
yesterday that there was a 
“worid between” foe- demands 
of the-- company -and foe- 
traditional stance of foe unions. 
The TUC would attempt . 'to 
draw up an approach which 
may bridge foe gap. 

If there was no ctanoe of a 
joint approach then she gave 
wanting of conflict Sogat is 
preparing a strike ballot next! 
week after a mass meeting of its 
members on all four titles next 
Monday. A result is expected 
the following Monday or Tues- 
day. - 

The ' National Graphical 
Association is- also - balloting -its 
members next week, on indus- 
trial action with the- tenfo due 
on January 2L , . 

wipe out terrorism 

- By Stephen Good win - 

• Mr Peter Barry, -the Irish the Ulster Unionists into talks 
loreign • minister; . yesterday on the future of the.province. 

™ ^hfodexpect an imminent 
• Cross-border ~ • renewal ofBIoody imer-factionai 

fce£25fl2r feuding between the Provisional 

ae Hopubhq: .arid IRA and ...the smaller Irish 
Ulsters high on foe agenda National Liberation Army In 

Mr &S D w I iS nd -r Ilbe 5!“ n 5^ ndo *den-y especially 7 foe 

-NLA vis 4dS^fo four 
Secretary of Sate for Northern kidnappings for personal profit 

•••:. overthepast Khnonfos. • 

. The . Chief Constable .of The; Provisional IRA lost a 
■ Northern Ireland and the substantial aims - cache on 
Commissioner of foe Garda. Tuesday , in . house searches 
attended, foe meeting. A final prompted by foe latest such ' 
communique pledged bofo'-s*<factianls«v^^ 

*“« rapid progress in ‘ : — - — rr- — — r- — ■ — — -~- 

proviaing the means' to ensure' The Times overseas ari^ng priww 
»amty . cooperation was as 

dose and effective as possible. ******“ 

There was also an attempt .by 
foe ^meeting, the . third of theV^SgSS 
op -under :he.'gSSS*a 
Anglo-Info. agreement, to draw 

in jail af 





• “t- V -il . 




- • ' - V 




By Michael Bnly, Transport Editor 

_ ... : . ,, _ 

• v Britain’s airliners should be head of airirorfomess said ’in the gap between seats to allow 
^^^•rnaterially safia - - thaa-othera by London. v. easkrescape. 

‘••ia ‘ V this summer's holiday period as TheBritish Airtonra fadlidav Seats immediately before and 

U'a result of urgent new safety subsidiary' " whose Boenut 737 Wiind the .exits win be fixed 
V -^measures announced ■ by the. caught :>■©©>■' on -te£3f at n P”8 bt » ^ 811 seaty will be 
"u ; Civil Aviation Authority yestcr- Mandtester-ldllinir 55 neorfe is !«rc^thened. to withstand at- 
day after last summer’s Man-.; aheady’ removing "scats m io'tc&ps ty passengers to force 
Chester aircraft fire disaster .. . aareiaft ^afected/The detailed dom shades to get to the 
The measures-are designed to measures are: • . -exits..- This caused diffiefry at 

“*i3(k, gain vital seconds for passen- Kre-proofing; Tbe CAA r& Matisb&tu, Mr Ashford said 
affj 5 * 8*** leaving aa the Qurrement for more fire-resist- . believed access by 

event of a fire. The authority ant seals, capable of withstand: ^ aisk: would allow a fester 
reauires: more spaa: around W twn- mm.*.* at «« escape. These larairements 

• * •• wnyaiAW VJ. iTllUaUUIlR' _ . _ . . , 

requires: more space around ing two- minutes of direct fire ^cap®- .. These requirements 
emergency exits; an earlier from * flame-gun, • wiii - be mnst aiso be met by July and 
V'.;\ deadline for the introduction of brought forward from Decent ‘“wfll have w work 

'" more fire-resistant seating; and ber to July next year New dcs P eniT riy hard" to meet the 
■ ' /ncwbdow-semligiiting to guide aireteft must meet foe require- Jadline. • 

=> passengers to emergency ©ate in ment by this July, and those ^tergency escape-fighting: 
an aircraft full ofsmoke, . entering service now already do BlacJc: acw low-level fighting 
Exit spaces must be m> sa Talks are takiiig place with must befitted by the end of next 
> provedlty July 1 on afl Britishr other governments to improve 

*> registered aircraft with emerg- fire-resistance, on . cabin -walls The provision of hoods to 
..■*'■ ency doors similar .to those that and ceilings. . - - *■•*•. protect passengers from smoke 

impeded es^pe at MaodiKter Emergency exits: The type and fumes .is. also being 
~ ~°®ng s 727, 737, ana 767, affected at- Manchester are considered. However, many 

• V. and foe Dougtas^DCV: Similar impeded by adSoihing - seats. - people;, object to putting a 

steps on US ana other world Under the new -rules airimes can Dtesticbagoverfoeir heads and 
aircraft Wiltala- longer, Mr choose between removing the. it is feared the hoods could 

• ■■ J * Ronald Ashford, the authority s seats next to exits, or increasing hamper hearing and visibility.. - 
A ban od smoking is not 

suggested. The authority be- 
lieves it is better for passengers 
1 to smoke where they can be 
- seen by cabin staff rather 
risk having clandestine sitmirmg 
in lavatories 

British Airways said ih«* 
while agreement had been 
reached on .emergency exits and 
fire-resistant seating, it -would 
have difficulty. . introducing 
floor-level lighting by December 
1987, because none of the 
available systems was, in the 
airline’s view; entirely suitable. 

brd Blandford fails 
in jail appeal 


4 I 

An- appeal by Lord Blandford 
against what his counsel' de- 
scribed as a “draconian and 
excessive" three-month jail’ 
sentence for breaching a - prcK 
batioai order, -imposed after a- 
drugs offence, was . rejected 
yesterday; . . 

Southwark Crown Court, in 
south London, was told that 
Lord Blandford, aged 30, was 
arreted on December 13 in a 
‘'cocaine smoking den" in the 
basement of a clothes shop in 
Edgware Road. 

Lord Blandford, bear to a £50 
million fortune, was appealing 
against a sentence imposed by 
Harseferry Road magistrates. 
The 'two-year*' probation enter 
was last April when Lord 
Blandford; of Draycott Place, 
Chelsea, was 'fined £1,000 for 
breaking into, a chemist shop for 

On Monday -at Horseferry 
Road, he admitted fefling to 
keep appointments with Ins 
probation officer and not 
reporting changed addresses. 

Yesteiday counsel for Lord 
Blandford,' Mr Montague Sher- 
borne, criticized the sentence 
imposed by Mr Eric Crowthcr, a 
stipendiary magistrate. 

"Far foi being dealt with 
more favourably, as has been 
suggested^. Lord Blandford has 
been dealt with more severely 
than if he had been just plain 
John Smith,’* Mr Sherborne 

“Mr Crowther, knowing full 

well . that tire case would be 
conducted -in the full glare of 
pubficity,-' was determined to 
make sure that it could not be 
said by the.puldic that there .was. 
one tew for the rich and mighty, 
and one tew for us," he added. 

But after hearing how Lord. 
Btendford had suffered a relapse 
and had taken cocaine. Judge 
Butler; QC, dismissed the 

“We are unable to accept that 
the sentence, passed on you is 
excessive. In' the arcumstanoes, 
the original “ sentence of 
imprisonment ;was proper and 
the three months, in. prison is 
not adaytoo long.” • 

' He added: “Possession' of a ! 
class. A drtig " xsr" a - ' : serious 

criminal offence.” ..**■” - 

The judge ordered Lord 
Blandford to pay the £45 costs 
of the appeal, saying: “I do not 
see why the public puree should 
bear the cost of this. -In this case 
I do not think you can say the 
defendant cannot afford it, or 
that it is anexcessiveamounL" 
Lord Blandfbrd’s probation 
officer,' Mrs Jane Maclndoe, 
had told the courti that she 
became extremely worried after 
be felled to keep an appoint- 
ment on October 30. ’ . 

“f . was very concerned be- 
cause 1 thought he might do 
something to ii\jure his own 
health," she -said. 

Earlier Mr Sherborne told the 
court that Lord Blandford was 
“sick not evfl”.' 

75 mph limit 
by EEC 

By Sheba Beardall 

Drivers in Britain may be 
able to drive -fester under an 
EEC proposal to impose a 
7 5 mph speed Emit throughout 
the 12 member states as a 
contribution to European road 
safety year. 

But any attempt to harmo- 
nize ~the speed limits stands 
little chance of success because 
of West Genriany’s policy of 
limit-free motorways. 

The Department of Trans- 
port said yesterday it had no 
plans to change the speed limits. 
France and Belgium already 
have a 75mph (L20kph) speed 
limit; while die festest speed 
allowed by tew in Holland is 
62m ph. 

Mr Stanley Clinton Davis, 
foe - EEC transport com- 
missioner, is expected to an- 
nounce foe proposal soon. He 
estimates that 1.5 million 
people are injured and 50,000 
killed every year on roads in foe 
member countries. 

“Driving too fast is too often 
a misguided way of demonstrat- 
ing viritity", he says- “We can 
help by imposing speed limits 
on all Community roads as we 
know from our overall experi- 
ence that the number of 
accidents does increase with 

The Royal Automobile Club 
is in fevour of a harmonization 
of speed limits throughout the 


by many’ 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 
At least a third of. the' 
population do not use -the 
countryside for anything except 
travelling between towns, foe 
latest Countryside Commission 
recreation survey indicates. 

Years of promoting beauty 
spots, theme parks, ancient 
monuments and historic homes 
have feiled to lure such people 
' out of foe concrete jungle. The 
commission, a quango in charge 
of landscape protection, -said 
yesterday that some town-dwel- 
lers who wanted to visit foe 
country ride could not afford 1 the 

It identified' three _types of 
“country-user" starting with, 
those who hardly ever go, but 
occasionally a . carefully 

planned long trip. 

Most people came into foe 
second group of “cas ual u sers" 
who made several short trips 
each year on impulse, depend- 
ing largely on the weather. 

That left about a fifth .of the 
people who "were enthusiasts. 
The most popular activities 
were walking, sightseeing and 
1 eating, although more people 
. than ever were travelling to the 
' countryside to. take part , in 

Notional Recreation Surrey 
(Countryside Commission. Pubh- 
cations Despatch, 19/23 Albert 
Road, Manchester M19 2EQ; £4.25 
inc postage). 

Trip* to te* countryside - 

(By percentage rripopouttofl) 

Taking part in aports 
Drives and picnics . 

Long wafts IS 

VUfogfrisndsorraiatiWS 14 

Coast 8 

PW^your-owatarins . - . 9 

Historic houses . . 4- 

Counuy paries ... : 4 

Watching sports 3] 

Others ^ 3: 

toror CSetpftBWBlijlst-. 

Investigators ‘wrong’ 
over Cyprus servicemen 

By Gregory Neale 

- Military investigators who false confessions as a result of 
detained and interrog a t e d foe the pressure of interrogation 
young servicemen acquitted of and detention, 
espi onag e fftfawy in tent yf ^ r’c The inquiry, under the 
Cyprus secrets trial were criti- chairma n s hi p of Mr David 
creed yesterday for. having put Calcutt, QQ was set up after the 
foe l urtianwl interest above foe trial, on foe instructions of foe 
men’s rights. - - ' Prime Minister. It has been told 

Mr Igor Judged QC, told the that the men were held for 
rtfwiwg hairing of the inquiry at lengthy periods in solitary 
Lancaster House in London set confinement, were not told of 
up id examine - the investi- .their legal rights, and that 
nations 'that led to foe service- unrelated holding charges were 
men being, charged that the used to justify their con t inuing 
investigators were wrong. detention. 

“Itisfor Pariiammzt'todecide - Mr Calculi said yesteiday 
if and when foe rights of after the final submissions that 
individuals should be subordi- he is to visit Cyprus, to inspect 
nattd to' the interests of society the guardrooms in which foe 
as a whote*’, Mr Judge said. - : men were detained. ’ 

■ The - eight servicemen were - The . inquiry opened on 
acquitted at foe Central Crimi- December. . 2. It heard 45 
hal : Court test October after witnesses . and considered 
Britain’s - longest and most several hundred documents, 
costiy espiohage txiaL They had ' including transcripts and evi- 
xold thejury that they had made deuce placed before the trial. 


Mr Eric Hammond, the elect ricians' ration leader (right), and the breakaway miners' leader Mr Roy JLynk, jovially lake 
tea at an EETPU energy conference at Cndham, Kent, yesterday (Photograph: Peter Tremor). 

Woman is 
cleared of 

A typist accused of luring her 
superior into a sex-and -black- 
mail crap was cleared at the 
Central Criminal Court yester- 
day of making demands with 
menaces and wounding the 

But Mary Harvey, aged 37, is 
due to be sentenced next week 
for plotting to assault foe man, 
aged 32, - married, a Civil 
Servant, ■ and father of two, who 
“kissed and cuddled" her at an 
office Christmas party. 

Harvey, of Balgowan Road, 
Beckenham, Kent, was found 
not guilty on the direction of 
Judge Michael Coombe, of 
wounding foe man and making 

demands with menaces on him. 
She denied both charges but 
admitted foe conspiracy. 

As foe left the dock -in tears 
Harvey turned and waved to 
her friend Leonard Denham, 
aged 55, a builder, who is still 
on trial Mr Denham of Balham 
Road, Balham. south London, 
also, admits plotting to assault 
“Mr- X? although he .denies 
wounding him with intent to 
cause serious injury and black- 
mail by threatening .to send 
nude photographs of the man to 
his wife and superiors at a 
government establishment. 

Mr Denham told thejury that 
he bad been Irving with Harvey 
for five years and when he 
picked her up from the office 
party she was in tears. She told 
him Mr X had forced her to 
have oral sex. 

Mr Denham claimed that he 
derided to give Mr X “a good 
hiding" and. arranged with 
Harvey to invite him to her 
home. He denied he demanded 
cash from Mr X or had tried to 
force him to resign from his job 
by threatening to publish 
photographs of him. 

The trial continues on Mon- 

Pub attackers 

Two young men were given 
“punitive and deterrent” 
sentences at foe Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday for unpro- 
voked attacks on Mr Robert 
Oliver, aged 53, publican of The 
Goat in Shirley, Surrey, and one 
of his customers. Mr Oliver lost 
an eye in foe attack. 

Philip Shilling, aged 20, of 
Myrtle. Road, Shirley, was 
sentenced to six years youth 
custody and David Faulkner, 
_ d 2L of Bramble Close, 
Shirley, was jailed for five years. 
Both were also convicted of 
conspiring to rob. 

Parents’ walk 

Hie parents of the four 
schoolboys who drowned on a 
trip to Land’s End are planning 
to walk 335 miles from their 

homes in R nrfringhsimghi'r e tO 

foe rite of their children’s 
deaths in outer to raise money 
for a new Cornish lifeboat. 


Lebanon began secret 
tuUkrtis wifo Israel in f 
bar. Iraq met Iran to 
accord conriaimifag LiS sanc- 
tions against Iibya. And South 
Africa expressed a. fear that no 
(me would dance with her in the 
United Nations disco Inst 

- Yesterday was the fortieth 

anniversary of foe first meeting 

of foe United Nations and to 
mark the event rixtiMnnners 
from lW schools throughout 
Britain held, their own UN 
assembly., in Central Hall, 
Westminster, the reuse flf tits, 
nization’s inaugural gatk- 

seires into foe role-play with 

deal more 

perhaps, a 

They bepm with a fairly 
aoimonfaws debate .on the 
famine la Africa in winch the 
650 students toci on foe role or 
delegates from foe member 
states. They had been prepar- 
ing themselves for more than 
foar months, ware, frapressirely 
we& : briefed jutd ihrew foem- 

A distinct hissing Went 
through tiie hall when Iibya 
‘ was railed to speak; it turned to 
outright twgfitg when Colonel 
GadaffFs representative began 
with a call for common -sense. 
When Cambodia protested at 
all the attention Africa was 
getting at foe expense of Asm, 
Equatorial Guinea riposted 
that Cambodia didn't seed aid 
because it had had foe Abe 
Peter appeal. 

■ Upstairs in the gallery, Mr 
John Ennals, vice-president of 
the United Nations Associ- 
ation, watched from foe seat he 
had occupied 40 years ago. 

The original was p^rlwps a 
Btfle more solemn", he said as 
foe representative of foe Sanfr 
nfeta government walked by in 
a “Boycott Soofo Africa not 
Nicaragua” T-shirt 

Personalities counted for 
rather more than they might in 
New York. The USSR and US 
were surprisingly muted by 
comparison wife a vocifierous 
delegation from Cambodia and 
an adept group of wheeler-deal- 
ers from Poland. 

“ft has been quite a stretch- 
ing rntritectual exerrise,” Jona- 
than Merritt, of foe Hatton 
School, Derbyshire, said. He 
described himself ax a right- 
wing Tory but 
a Mantis 

Most hapless of all wen foe 
pom South Africans, the 
perennial butt of student 

There wore moves by Poland 
to have foe Pretoria delegation 
ejected right from the start, hut 
a little schoohaastery nego- 
tiation persuaded them to defer 
foe debate until the end so that 
foe girls from King Edward VI 
School would not have to catch 
the first tntin hacLto Bhnaiiig- 

sought for 
cold cure 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 
A nasal spray to help prevent 
foe common ’ cold could be 
available next year if approve d 
by agencies responsible for foe 
safety of medicines. 

Successful trials using a spray 
with a hormone-like prep- 
aration, alpha^-rn terferon, were 
reported in this week’s New 
England Journal of Medicine. 

The drug company which 
makes foe naturally occurring 
molecule in bulk by genetic 
engineering methods, foe Scher- 
ing Corporation, in foe United 
States, has made a request to 
foe American Food and Drug 
A dminis tration for permission 
to market foe product. Ap- 
proval will be needed from the 
Committee for Safety of Medi- 
cines to sell foe drug in Britain. 

The company's president, Mr 
Robert Luciano, hopes for 
American approval before foe 
end of foe year. 

Vigilantes patrol 
city’s vice area 

From Craig Seton Birmingham 
Barristers, businessmen and barrister who takes part m the 

housewives have joined a 
nightly vigilante patrol in a 
residential area of Birmingham 
in an attempt to clear the 
streets of prostitutes, pimps 
and kerb-crawlers. 

Several members of foe 
“Direct Action" residents’ 
committee in North Moseley 
have been attacked and injured 
in street corner clashes with 
prostitutes and their pimps 
since the patrols started before 

Fifteen or more local resi- 
dents spend a boot two hours 
patrolling the streets each 
night except Sunday, joining 
prostitutes on street corners to 
spoil their trade, taking foe car 
numbers of the kerb-crawlers 
and warning the drivers that 
they could face fines of op to 
£400.Tbe patrols also seek oat 
darkened back alleys where 
prostitutes are “engaged" with 
“customers" in their cars and 
remain until they move on. 

Mr Peter Barrington, a 

street patrols, said yesterday: 
“The police are not doing 
enongh about h. I do not mind 
being called a vigilante; I am 
being vigilant and watchfnl and 
we are curbing the activities of 
the prostitutes. 

“Some of them are pretty 
vicious. One of onr members 
had her face scratched, another 
had a lighted cigarette poshed 
into his face and a prostitute 
and pimp kicked a woman until 
her ankles were black and 

He estimated that prostitutes 
and pimps earned £500,000 a 
year In North Moseley. 

Inspector David Brown, of 
Birmingham police, said senior 
officers had tried to dissuade 
local residents from setting np 
such rigilante patrols in case 
there were breaches of foe 

He described as nonsense 
suggestions that the police were 
doing little about prostitution. 

Rail and 
Tube fares 

. tomorrow 

By Our Transport Editor 

British Rail feres go up by 
more than S per cent tomorrow. . .- 
London bus and Underground ' 
feres are also rising by an..,' 
average 6.5 per cent, although ;, 
some will increase by 25 per- 

The rail increases are foe./, 
biggest for five years. They will- : 
add up to £100 to the annual J 
feres bill of long-distance^ 
commuters Into London from-* 
places such as Brighton and. , 
Milton Keynes. 

Many cheap day returns in- 
foe London area will go up by.; 
about SOp - except for foe new, - 
evening tickets being introfuced- * 
on London Midland Region on . 
Monday. Those will offer 
discounts of between 20 and 40 - • 
per cent for journeys into 
London from places such as . 
Berkhampstead, Bedford. 
Luton, and St Albans in foe late ^ 
afternoon or early evening. 
returning foe same night 

But fere rises on British . . 
Rail’s Inter-City trains, at an ; 
average 10 per cent, compared 
with 7.5 per cent for London . t 
commuters, are an even bigger - 
blow, with a second-class single . 
from London to York rising ^ 
£2.50 to £25.50, to Glasgow by ■ ; 
£3 to £39.50. and to Bristol by .. 
£1.20 to £15.20. 

In London, the minimum bus 
fare will go up from 25p to 30p, 
and foe 40p fare will rise to 50p. 

On foe Underground, foe *- 
minimum will rise from 40p to 
50p, and longer-distance fares - 
will also go up by lOp. . ~ 

The £4 weekly Travelcard for 
unlimited travel in Central 
London goes up from £4 to 
£4.80. but foe one-day off-peak 
Travelcard stays foe same at £2. 

Children's fares on foe 
Underground will be un- 
changed, but on the buses the 
flat fare will rise to 20p before 
9.30 am on weekdays. 

The British Rail fare rises 
have been criticized by foe 
consumer watchdog body and 
by the rail unions. Mr Jimmy ^ 
Knapp, general secretary of the " 
National Union of Railway- ~- 
men. said passengers were being - - 
asked to pay more for a poor *<* 

The Central Transport Con- •* 
sultative Committee said the' * 
rises would cause considerable 

British Rail hopes to raise an - 
extra £77 million a year from 
the higher fares in an effort to • 
meet tighter government finan- 
cial targets. This year’s govern- 
ment subsidy to passenger . 
services is being reduced by • 
more than £100 million. 

Social Trends: Housing and education 

Ownership boom as home stock grows 

By Christopher Warman 

Home ownership rose from 
29 per cant of foe housing stock 
in 1951 to 61 per cent by 1984 
and continues to grow as foe 
other sectors decline, according 
to government statistics in 
Social Trends. 

The housing stock itself has 
grown in foe United Kingdom 
from 14 million in 195! to more 
ihwn 22 million dwellings in 
1984. During the period, owner- 
occupied dwellings more than 
trebled, from just over 4 million 
to 13.5 million, an expansion 
which more than accounted for 
the overall increase in stock. 

At foe same time foe number 
of rented dwellings declined by 
14 per cent, foe net result of foe 
fall in private rented sector 
property from 7.5 million to 2.5 
million (now accounting for 1 1 
per cent of foe stock) and foe 
substantial growth of 3.5 mil- 
lion in local-authority and new- 
town dwellings. 

The number of homes rented 
from local authorities and new 
towns rose from 2.5 million in 
1951 to nearly 7 million in 
1979, but fell to just over 6 
million in 1984 (28 per cent of 
foe total stock) because many 
tenants bought their rented 

homes • under 

foe right-tobuy 

iN ew housing (UK) 

Of foe estimated 225 million 
privately rented homes in 1984, 
about 500,000 were housing 
association tenancies and 
slightly fewer were job or 
business-related lettings. Most 
of foe rest were “regulated" 
tenancies - about 470,000 - of 
which nearly 95 per cent were 
unfurnished lettings, and a 
further 400,000 were housing 
association “regulated" ten- 

In Scotland there was a 
higher proportion of local 
authority, new town and Scot- 
tish Special Housing Associ- 
ation homes, amounting to 51 
per cent, with 40 per cent 
owner-occupied in 1984. 

A breakdown of owner-occu- 
pation shows that it is more 
likely among households of 
Indian, Pakistani or Banglade- 
shi ethnic origin, of whom 75 
per cent were owner-occupiers 
in Great Britain in 1981, than 
among households of any other 
ethnic origin. Homes with a 
white bead of household 
accounted for 54 per cent, foe 
second highest. 












New construction 

Local authorities 








35 . 

New town corp 








2 J 

Housing associations 








16 ' 

Government depts 








- : 

Total pubfic sector 








54 • 

Private sector 









Total new 








212 ; . 

Other changes" 









Total net gain 









■Net oain from convWMns ate, and Iomw from housing ctoaranea 
Source: Department ot the Eivrtmnmont 

Youth training for one 
in four school-leavers 

One in four 16-year-olds 
joined the Youth Training 
Scheme on leaving school in 
1983-84, and less than a fifth of 
16-year-olds had jobs, com- 
pared with half in 1975-76 
(Lucy Hodges writes). 

In England and Wales in 
1983, 30 per cent of boys over 
16 and 33 per cent of girls 
stayed on at school for one 
extra year 

More under-fives are going 
to school than ever before. In 
foe United Kingdom in 1984, 
more than 650,000 under- fives 
went to school. That means 
that 45 per emit of the age 
group was going to a nursery 
school or to a nursery class in a 
primary school; only 20 per 
cent did so in 1973, 34 per cent 
in 1976, and 44 per cent in 


continuing to towering Lhasa, along the 

With a short stop in the 
Indian capital erf New Delhi, 
we fly north-eastwards to the 
evocative city of Kathmandu 
capital of Royal Nepal, and 
offer time to explore the 
many religious monuments 
md meet some of the 
friendly people. We 
commence our journey along 
fee previously barred 
Himalayan path, crossing the 
Nepalese bonier over the 
bridge at Kodari and 

following route: Delhi (1) —Kathmandu (2) 

— by road to Zhangmu {l} — by read to 
Xigaze (2) — by road to Lnasa (5) — thence 
by air to Qiengdu & Leshan (2) — Xian (3) 

— and Beijing (3) 


£2,850.00. Optional stopover* in Hongkong aho pasubJe. 
WfceHy dnpariwm in Stpt. £ Oef. '85 1 'S6. Monk, April & 
May ‘BA 


The Mountain Peoples of the Himalayas 

A chance to come into contact with the varied and 
Religious way of life of fee peoples who inhabit fee mountain 
kingdoms of Bhutan and Nepal as well as remote north-eastern 
India, Tibet and southern China Visiting Delhi, Darjeeling, 
Phuntsholing, Pare, Thimpu, Lhasa, Xigaze, 5a ana, Chengdu, 
Kunming and Hongkong. 


Tibet and the Roof of the World 
Using Beijing as our point of departure we travel to Chengdu, 
then to Lhasa and Xigaze returning to Chengdu and Leshan 
(site of the massive Buddha} Kunming and Hongkong. 

DURATION: 19 DAYS. TARIFF-. £2,595.00 

For fvB dnlaik and dfuarntod catalogue pico» contort 



TEL: 01-486 8080/4 TELEX 28441 VJVTP ABTA68215 

isi H!b»fmiiHi!Ki i A mmmmims&imimmi a 9imi!EnHmnnmnmKmmimminqninnmn»Hmmttnmtt»»i 

The Roskill report 

Committee calls for end 

to jury trial in 
complex fraud cases 

By Fiances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Radical reforms to the legal 
system so that people who 
commit serious fraud can be 
brought to justice speedily are 
called for in a report by a 
committee under Lord Roskill, 
the law lord, published yester- 
day. The reforms include the 
abolition of trial by jury in 
complex fraud cases. 

The present system is 
"archaic, cumbersome and 
unreliable** and the “over- 
whelming evidence** is that it is 
no longer capable of bringing 
people who commit sertotts 
fraud “Expedition!? and effec- 
tively** to book, the report says. 

At every stage of the 
investigation and prosecution 
the system offers "an open 
Invitation to blatant delay ami 
abuse** and the largest and 
most cleverly executed crimes 
probably go unpunished. 

The report calls for funda- 
mental changes to deal chiefly 
with fraud but which also have 
wideranging application for the 
whole of the criminal law. 

The 250-page report with 
112 recommendations, the 
product of (wo years' work, is 
mostly endorsed unanimously 
by its eight members. But one, 
Mr Walter Merricks, the legal 
rommentalor and the . Law 
Society’s public relations sec- 
retary, strongly dissents on 
three points: the proposed 
fraud trials tribunal; the pro- 
posed abolition of the defence 
challenge and the defence 
disclosure of its case. 

The committee says that 
some of its proposals may 
shock traditionalists. But the 
same was probably true of the 
propose! to abolish the medi- 
eval practice of trial by combat, 
it adds. 

On trial by jury, most of the 
committee say they have no 
doubt that complex fraud cases 
are beyond the understanding 
of most ordinary jurors and 
that contributes in an import- 
ant way to the decision not to 
prosecute some fraud charges. 

Mr Merricks maintains, 
however, that there is not the 
evidence to justify that view; 
that such evidence there is, is 
anecdotal and inconclusive; and 
that there is no evidence that 
fraud juries do not reach a right 
cr reasonable result 

The proposed tribunal would 
probably handle up to thirty 
cases a year held to fall within 
certain guidelines covering the 
complexity of the fraud and the 
kind of transaction involved. It 
would be for the Crown or the 
defence to apply to a High 
Court judge to have the case 
tried by the tribunal. 

On jury trials for all other 
fraud cases, the report says the 
peremptory' challenge erodes 
the principle of the random 
jury, enabling defendants to 
"rig" juries in their favour; it 

The report's main proposals 

• The abolition of trial by 
jury for complex, serious fraud 
and its replacement with a 
fraud trials tribunal consisting 
of a judge and two specialist lay 

• The abolition of the defence 
right of challenge to jurors 
(the peremptory challenge, or 
challenge without reason) in all 
fraud cases as well as the 
Crown's right to ask a juror to 
"stand by”; 

• Radical reforms to the rules 
of evidence to deal with the 
international cr iminal ami 
deliberate "obstructionist"; 

S Compulsory defence dis- 
closure of its case before trial: 

• Abolition of frill committal 
proceedings in serious fraud; 

• A new, independent, moni- 
toring body, the fraud com- 
mission. to watch the efficiency 
of fraud investigation and 
prosecution; and 

O The appointment of “case 
controllers" for the control of 
all serious cases from discovery 
through to verdicL 

should therefore be abolished. 
In all fraud cases jurors should 
be able to read and write 
English without difficulty and 
the rules on disqualification 
should be reviewed to see if 
they need extending. 

The present rules of evi- 
dence, the report says, are 
outdated, arise from the days 
when most people were illiter- 
ate, and "prevent, delay and 
impede" fraud trials. 

It proposes as a basic rule 
for all criminal proceedings 
that documents should not 
always need to be corroborated 
by the witness and that they 
should be "allowed to speak for 
themselves", being admissible 
without the need for formal 

Among other changes rec- 
ommended are that copies of 
documents should be admiss- 
ible as evidence and evidence 
taken abroad should be admis- 
sible in this country's courts in 
the form either of transcripts or 
video recordings. 

Tbe law should also allow for 
the use of live satellite links to 
enable evidence to be talrw 
from witnesses abroad. 

In a radical overhaul of the 
courtroom process, the com- 
mittee calls for greater use of 
preparatory hearings before 
trial to -identify issues and 
reduce delays. Unlike at pre- 
sent, the hearings should have 
“teeth” and delays and non- 
compliance should be punish- 
able by a costs penalty. 

The same judge should 
preside throughout the hear- 
ings and trial. The same 
counsel, including leading 
counsel, should also be involved 

Press Council rejects 
four Gillick complaints 

The Press Council has re- 
jected four complaints by Mrs 
Victoria Gillick, the birth 
control campaigner, against an 
article in the British Medical 
Association's A lews Review 
about girls under 16 and the 

Mrs Gillick. of Wisbech. 
Cambridgeshire, had com- 
plained: that the magazine 
published an inaccurate article 
which improperly laid all blame 
for a breach of confidentiality of 
a private BMA meeting on the 
national Press and the public; 
that the article wrongly implied 
that a report in another 
magazine. Pulse, concerned a 
girl aged 12 who committed 
suicide after her parents refused 
to allow her romraceptives; that 
the article failed to mention that 

clear ftNCE 


Ladies sheetftai 
RRPJU 7 S SafepfiM 

RRPI22S Salepnce 

BkjeFmiscfcete tom 

S*«r Fo* jackets 

BRPA29S Sale dim 
D eserter Mmfc uthets 
tfuBOoii Irofti 

McikcoJis ln»* 

Fur Lined Hamcoals 









Model Stranded Me* coals 

SSBT »m»£1595 j 

Lade & Germ Suede petas 
(nuawnodd Mr m 

RRPI3995 SjlepneetlD 

Meaott iuiwa BNliNrtMXttS. vSA/ 
MXUMID QraKa tw. Vd HuxtaMcan 
torn adasMenficnri oiBnntfirm Traders 
AswoJtw PngwMiteMirdwwWIr 
Hdd bylnw fi« Lid. IFiMUFIL 22 G*fc& 


Out* toiuu»»«ta|t 



147 CroimveB Road, London SW 5 . Tel: 01-370 4200 

{■L ElllMMlUf MOJUM* 

Set JAN 11 9.30-5.3(1 /Sm JAM 12 9JJ0-5J0 

right through or be Sable to 
loss of fees or disciplinary 
action by die Bar CoimdL But 
barristers should be paid 
adequately for such work, 
which means an increase on 
present rates. 

In one of tbe most contro- 
versial proposals, the report 
says that the defence must 
disclose an outline of its case 
before trial. Failure would incur 
liability to pay costs. 

Trials would be shorter and 
clearer if juries had such an 
outline, the report says, and 
knew what part of the pros- 
ecution case the defence would 
challenge. In his dissenting 
report, Mr Merricks says such 
a rule is open to abase and 
exploitation by the prosecution. 

The report calls also for the 
abolition of full committals, 
which are elected in about 11 
per cent of fraud trials com- 
pared with 7 per cent hi other 
criminal trials. 

Pending a government de- 
cision on that, there should he a 
crown right in serious frauds to 
elect to have case transferred 
directly to the cr o wn court thus 
avoiding a foil committal. 

On the investigation of 
fraud, the committee wants 
“case controllers", who might 
be members of staff of new 
crown prosecution service, to 

ft > v ■ \ , 

..v : -V-. V- 

Sam, ,j 


"4* 7 7 \ A *. 'iff' 


- • *v : • ■' -a': ; - ■*?- Vi, 

^ t vV. V- . , . - 

• tfp 

Chief Gats ha Bnthelezi, the Sooth African Zulu leader, saying goodbye to 
Congresswoman Lynne Martin of Illinois' after a meeting in Cape Town with a US 
Congressional delegation which has been investigating conditions in South Africa. 

Whites hurt in Durban blasts 

take overall charge of the 
and be responsible for 

and be responsible for any 
delays and defects in the case 

It also wants a new, unified, 
body of lawyers, accountants, 
police and prosec uto rs for all 
detection and prosecution of 
fraud along the tines of the 
present Fraud Investigation 
Group under the Director of 
Public Prosecutions, but 
broader and better paid. 

There should also be a fraud 
commission to monitor the 
efficiency of fraud prosecutions. 
Overall, everyone involved in 
fraud cases should be better 
trained and qualified judges, 
barristers and the police. 

Members of the committee 
were: Lord Roskill; Lord 
Benson, a former partner. 
Coopers & Lybrand, chartered 
accountants, and a forma- 
chairman, Royal Commission 
on Legal Services; Mr David 
Bntier, Chairman, Buffer Cox 
and Partoer, information tech- 
nology consultant; Sir James 
Crane, a former Chief Inspec- 
tor of Constabulary; Judge 
John Hazan, QQ Sir Arthur 
Knight, a former chairman of 
Conrtanlds and the National 
Enterprise Board; Dr Barbara 
Marsh, a former vice- 
chairman, Shropshire County 
Council; and Mr Merricks. 
Fraud Trials Committee Report 
(Stationery Office; £9) and four 
research studies (£4.50 each). 

Leading article, page 9 

Kenneth Fleet, page 11 

Johannesburg (Reuter) - Five 
South African whites were 
injured by twin explosions on 
Thursday night at an elctricity 
substation south of Durban 
which police said were caused 
by guemlla limpet mines. 

The injured, three policeman 
and two electricity workers, 
were investigating one ex- 
plosion in the substation build- 
ing when they were hit by the 
second about half an hour later. 
A hospital spokesman said later 
that one of the policemen was 
in a critical condition. 

The explosions came hours 
after the African National 
Congress (ANQ guerrilla orga- 
nization vowed at a mass 
conference in Lusaka to inten- 
sify attacks in South Africa. 
Durban has been a prime target 
for guerrillas in recent years. 

A police helicopter flew over 
black townships east of Johan- 
nesburg yesterday urging pupils 
to return to school and to defy 

pressure on them to go back 
only at the end of this month 
(Ray Kennedy writes). Through 
loudspeakers the helicopter 
crew, speaking in Zulu and 
Sotho, broadcast a stem re^ 
minder that emergency regu- 
lations stipulating that school 
children must be in classrooms 
between 8am amd 3pm were 
still in force. 

Schools officially reopened 
on Wednesday v despite a resol- 
ution taken at -a Jahannesbmg 
conference attended by . .160’ 
black organizations -tin g in g the 
Government to delay, the 
reopening date until January 28. 

The authorities have claimed 
that in some black schools 
attendance has been more than 
90 per. .cent since Wednesday; 
but yesterday’s helicopter patrol-: 
indicated tadt admission that 
the turnout is Still low. 

A spokesman for the Depart- 
raent 'of Education and Training’ 
in Pretoria said schools in 
Soweto, outside Johannesburg, 
and in the .three townships-: 

‘not in 
bribes plot’ 

Marcos sayshe will 
win Doll by landslide 

From Panl Routledge, Manila 

the BMA press office gave the 
confidential report to the Press 
Association: and that the 
magazine failed to correct the 

pie Press Council’s adjudi- 
cation was: 

The Press Council is not satisfied 
that the article was inaccurate and 
does not find it laid all blame for a 
breach of confidentiality of a private 
meeting on the Press and the public. ' 
Tbe article did nor imply that a 
story in another magazine con- 
coned the suicide of a 12-year-old 
girl whose parents refused to allow 
her contraceptives. 

It was not improper, but normal, of 
the BMA press office to respond to 
an inquiry from the Press Associ- 
ation by giving background infor- 
mation about tbe story under 

Tbe complaints against tbe BMA 
News Review are rejected. 

Nurses fight 
to keep 
top posts 

Lagos (AP) - The judicial 
panel reviewing the case of Mr 
Shehu Shagari, Nigeria's elected 
president held under house 
arrest after his overthrow two 
years ago. has been told of an 
alleged conspiracy involvinj 
officials of his National Party o 

A deputy commissioner of 
police. Baba Muhammad 
Jamar, told the panel on 
Thursday that the alleged 
conspiracy involved a contract 
for engineering works at the 
Ajaokuta steel - complex in 
Kwara state. 

The Royal College of Nursing 
is launching a £250,000 adver- 
tising campaign against the way 
the Griffiths reorganization of 
National Health Service man- 
agement is being put into effect 
(Nicholas Timmins writes). 

The college complains that 
many health authorities are 
stripping nurses of their influ- 
ence and managerial roles with 
directors of nursing being 
downgraded or their posts 

Mr Trevor Clay, general 
secretary of the college, said: 
"Some of the management 
structures being implemented 
are putting people in charge of 
wards who are neither qualified 
nor experienced enough". 

Ministers and Mr Victor 
Paige, chairman of the- NHS 
management board, admit there 
are problems in the role nurses 
have been given in some 

He said that the company, 
Fougerolle Nigeria Ltd, which 
secured the contract worth 
more than 329 million Naira 
(£235 million), agreed to pay 7.5 
per cent of the contract cost to 
the party. But he said Mr 
Shagari was not involved in the 
"gratifications” received by top 
leaders of the party, which has 
now been banned. 

The panel, which on Wednes- 
day rejected an appeal for the , 
immediate and unconditional , 
release of Mr Shagari, has 
promised to accelerate its 
inquiry into the reasons for his 
detention before making a final 
recommendation to the coun- 
try’s military rulers. 

Driving ban on 
former judge 

Mr Jamar alleged that Mr 
Umaru Dikko. the fugitive 
former Transport Minister in 
Mr Shagarfs administration, 
got 470,000 naira and that the 
party chairman, Chief Adisa 
Akinloye. got 1.5 million naira 
plus $857,000 (£591,000) and 

President Marcos of the 
Philippines yesterday predicted 
“a little bit more than a 
landslide” for him in next 
months election. . 

He also ruled out reimposi- 
lion of martial law of the kind 
endured in 1972-81 “unless 
there is fighting in tbe streets of 
the cities, and I don’t think tbe 
communists have that capa- 

Speaking at a press confer-*' 
ence in the Champagne Room 
of the government-owned 
Manila Hotel, the President, 
aged 68, dabbed his eyes 
regularly and seemed tired, 
according to observers. He has 
cancelled campaign tours out of 
the capital this week because of 
“bad weather". It is the dry 
season in the Philippines. 

His optimism about the poll 
result, is contradicted by a 
private survey among 8,000 
people, conducted • by tbe 
Methodist church, which gives, 
his challenge, Mrs* Corazon.- 
Aquino. a commanding lead. 

Mrs Aquino and her vice- 
presidential running mate, Mr 
Salvador Laurel, were barn- 
storming southern Luzon yes- 
terday as part of their campaign ; 
to win the dominant rural vote. 

President Marcos said he was 
trying to win the snap election 
on February 7 "by a credible 
majority". In the 1981 elections 
"I won 92 per . cent; that was 
against a weak candidate. We 
hope it will not be 92 per cent 
this time, but a fittlelrit lower. 

Vivian William Cecil Price. 
QC. a former deputy High 
Court judge, was disqualified 
from driving for a year and 
fined £300 at Camberwell 
magistrates’ court in south 
London yesterday for a drink- 
drive offence. 

Price, aged 59, of Redwell 
Farmhouse. Linton, near Maid- 
stone, Kent, pleaded guilty to 
driving with excess alcohol in 
Brixton Road. Brixton, on 
Boxing Day. 

Mr Dikko. a fugitive in 
Britain, was the victim of an 
abortive kidnap attempt in 
1984. He was found drugged in 
a crate about to be loaded on a 
Nigerian Airways cargo plane at 
Stansted airport. 

Training failures cited in 
US nuclear plant leak 

Traffic police 
chief to appeal 

The present Government of 
Major-General Ibrahim Baban- 
gida has already released more 
than 100 people detained since 
i Mr Shagari was overthrown. 
General Babangida has created 
special tribunals to expedite the 
release or prosecution of the 
several hundred others still 

. Gore, Oklahoma (NYT) - 
The head of the federal team 
investigating the fetal accident 
at a Kerr-McGee mil ear plant 
here last weekend has said that 
workers were unaware of the 
critical safety significance of 
their improper overfilling and 
heating of a chemical storage 
tank that burst. 

It was the first official 
indication that training failures 
played a large role is the 
accident last Saturday at the 

Chief Supt Bert Sheldon, 
aged 44, head of Dorset police's 
traffic division, who received a 
suspended prison sentence for a 
drink-driving offence, is to 
appeal against the sentence. 

He was jailed for 28 days, 
suspended for two years, after 

Magistrates' Court on Monday. 

M-way services 

The Department of Trans- 
port is to ask for tenders for the 
development of a 28-acre site 
on the Mil at Birchaj 
Essex, as a service area; the 
on that motorway. ' 

accident last Saturday at the 
Sequoyah Fuels Corporation, a 
Kerr-McGhee subsidiary. 

Mr Richard Bangart, who 
heads the 19-roeraber Nuclear 
Regulatory Commission team 
investigating the accident, said 
that both the overfilling and 
heating, which violate plant 
procedures, led directly to the 
rapture. ' He -said the workers 
“did not know 1 heat -and 
overfilling- were critical"' to 
safety when they oversaw (hose 

One man was killed and 

uranyl. fluoride. - a slightly 
radioactive powder. 

The plant manager. - Mr 
Wiiliam Linage, said on Thurs- 
day that the plant had detailed 
procedures telling workers of 
the potential hazard of overfil- 
ling cylinders and heating them, 
although he said there were no 
formal refresher courses after 
initial. training. He said it was 
generally true that accidents 
were caused by human error but 
said he found it hard to believe' 
that workeers would allow an 
unsafe condition. 

■ He said two workers had 
primary responsibility for tbe 
shipping cylinder at the time of 
the accident The company said 
ope of the two, the man' who 
died, had been at the. plant since ' 

about KX) people were taken to 
hospital after uranium hexaf- 

Mr Shagari: still under 
house arrest 

hospital after uranium hexaf- 
luoride. a component of nuclear 
fuels and weapons, leaked from 
the ruptured tank. The uranium 
hexafluoride gas that leaked 
broke down into hydrofluoric 
arid, a highly corroaye gas, and 

- The accident has attracted 
attention because of similarities 
with ; pia)st conditions in .foe 
disaster at Bhopal;, India, in 
December 1984 that killed more 
than. 2.000 people and injured 
many mote. 

Mr Bangart said the precise 
cause of the rupture of the rank 
was pressure against the tank's 
steel walls by liquid - uranium 
hexafluoride, -as v St expanded 
because of heat being applied. 

• A • 

From Ahmed Fad, Dhaka 

Britain has decided to intro- 
duce blood-matching test for 
Bangladesh immigrants in Bri- 
tain and their kin in Bangladesh 
who want to emigrate, to guard 
against attempts to dodge the 
immigration laws. -. 

Mr Timothy Eggar, Under 
Secretary ofState at the Foreign 

and ‘ Commonwealth Office, 
told a news conference yester- 
day at the end of a four-day 
visit to Bangladesh, - that the 
tests, which would be voluntary, 
will be introduced from April. 

The tests, named "DNA 
finger printing" from an analogy 
with fingerprint iden'-Ilcation by 
police, were started by British 

scientists in Leicester Univer- 
sity as a genetic technique for 
matching blood characteristics 
between parents and children.' 

“We are introducing the 
system for tbe first time on an . 
experimental basis in Bangla^ 
d*?h and if it succeeds we might 
us it in other places," Mr Eggar 
said. - •’ . • - 

But he emphasized that 

laboratory tests proved that it 
was' a foolproof method for 
identifying genuine blood re- 
lations from fake ones: - 

So. far the authenticity of 
applicants was judged - on 
personal interviews and docu- 
ments which were often forged, 
Bri tish Immig ration officials 

The officials said that- blood 
samples of the applicants for 
immigration wQl be sent to 
Leicester. • University, where 
they would be matched with 
those of the sponsors. 

. "The- tests will take about a 
mouth to complete and will 
speed up the processing of 
immigration . .applications in 
Dhaka." - ' 

The British High Com- 
mission ' has about 12,000 
pending applications . .from 
people wanting to emigrate to 

outside Pretoria as well as in the 
Eastern and Western Cape were 
virtually empty. 

Meanwhile, white political 
party leaders strongly con- 
demned the . threats issued in 
Lusaka by Mr Oliver Tambo, 
leader of the African National 
Congress, to expand its activi- 
ties into a full-scale "people's 

They said this would, only 
garden extreme right; wing 
altitudes in South Africa. 

• • Mr Colin Eglim national 
chairman of the Progressive 
Federal Party, said: “It will 
harden race attitudes, strengthen 
the right-wingers, invite re- 
pression and. prolong and not 
shorten the life of apartheid." 

The Reverend Alan Hand- 
rickse. leader of the Couloured 
Labour Party, said the United 
Nations and aU countries which 
supported the ANCf should note 
MrTambo's statement in view of 
die fact that the UN bad declared 
1 986 to beayear of peace. 

US boycott, page 11 

Britain. . About, 9,000 Bangiw ■*' ' 
shis emigrated to Britew^- 
1984. where about 20000ff r • r '' 

Bangladesh immigrants liveT^ ■ • 

Mr Eggar had taBs with iu- - : 

Bangladesh Interior. MimsS 
MajorGeceral Manana sSST' 
qui, and other . officials oh 
immigration issues, inctadina *• 
the introduction- of thc^IS- • ■ — ~ 

tests, before he left for Cafcun? *’ 

He also visited! the nor*; r 
eastern district ofSylfaet. 

• TEST OPTION: • Xfie 
Foreign, and Commonweafth ' 

Office said last night that the 
test would be optional. ThetwhF' 
difference, if someone did not ' 
wish to have it, wpnld be. that- 
tbe case would take longer. The ; 
old method of cross-cheeking^:'" 
to trv to establish relationships 
would be used. (Peter Evans .' ’ 
writes). • • I - ' 

Tbe aim- was - to cut . the .‘ 
queues of those wishing to enter/ . 

Britain. .-. 

. People seen in November by- " 
the entry clearance officer 'in 
Dhaka had waited 19 months. 

The Joint Gouncfl for the:'" 

Welfare of Immigrants said • 
yesterday the test had already - ' 
been accepted by the ' Home ' 

Office when a case camc-before ,' 
an Immigration Appeal Tii-" 
bunal last year. The person 
seeking to prove n relatfontirip ■ 
had the test done, and . it was , 
used in support of their case. As , - 
a result, a duld was .allowed to - '' . 
remain in Britain.. . .'.!••• 

Miss Fiona Madaggart, geo - . 
eral secretary of fee -joint 
council ^ said: “I am relieved feat ^ 
some people who have been' jv v " — - 

denied the right of a family 

reunion in Britain wiU get has a ,# f • v 
result of this test, but 1 an Pt i \ ? ? 
concerned V about . the , civil {{TSiiit * 
liberties implications? if * the * 

refusal to take the test 1 counts^ 1 . »* 

against someone. The effect will iplf* ir a L 
be to make it very difficult not 

be to make it very difficult i 
to be tested." - • • '• c 

Three shot Tamils quit 
dead in Sri tanka 

Sikh protest truce bo# 

Delhi, (AFP> - Three people, 
including ~a police constable, 
were foot dead in Punjab 
yesterday during a "Block fee 
roads" called . by 

militant Sikh students, fee Press 
Trust of Inidareported.. 

It said a person speaking 
-against fee campaign called by. 
the All India Sikh Students 
; Federation. T was sljot dead by. 
Tour unidentified people, at 
Sultan pur Lodhi in' Kapurthala 
district. Police chased, the 
a«aan< and nng was lrillwl- 

FromVyitiia Yapa 4 

Colombo “ 

The two Tamil represents- ? 

fives nominated by guerrilla .) 
groups to . serve on Sri Lmika's 

"I cannot mention figures, 
but 1 understand in the USA 
when you get 60 per cent of the 
popular vote it is a landlside. 
We may get a little hit more 
than that" . 

The standard college history 
of the Philippines records that 
Mr. Marcos took 88 per cent of 
the total votes cast in June 
1981, when he last stood for the 
office he has held for 20 years. ■ 

He hoped that people would 
understand the political habits 
of fee Filipino: fee bandwagon 
-mentality. “Nobody wants to 
* vote for a losing candidate. It is 
already beginning to happen." 

He dismissed as' hallucuna- 
-tiems the fears expressed' by the . 
opposition that he might rdm- 
pose martial law if he lost fee' 
election. "1 cannot foresee the 
proclamation of martial law 
unless a miracle happens and 
the communist NPA acquires 
the .capability of attacking the 

•' With a garland of white 
sampaguita flowers around his 
neck and seated on athrone-Iike 
gilt chair, Mr Marcos spent an 
-hour fielding questions selected 
by a local newspaper editor 
from written -submissions, and 
then spoke off-the-cuff for 
another 25 minutes 

His campaign managers have 
-told him that the strongly anti- 
communist line he is pursuing 
is popular wife voters, and that 
he can expea to win by as many 
as 2.5 million votes - about 10 
percent of the total- 

la another incident three 
suspects nnUtants foot dead a 
police constable in Ludhiana 
district it said. 

The All India .Sikh- Students 
Federation called for fee block- 
ade to press its demand for the 
release of Sikh youths detained 
during a Sikh autonomy, cam- 
paign which '.ended -with the 
signing of a peace accord wife 
fee Government in July. The 
accord was> rejected . by Sikh 

Traffic was reported to be 
normal about ^ nine hours after 
.fee 1 4-hour campaign began on 
Thursday, wife businesses- open 
as usual, although few public 
buses - were foea on fee roads 
here, eyewitnesses said. T 

soups to . serve on Sri Lanka's ■, 
Committee- for Monitoring the 
Cessation of Hostilities.- re- , 
signed yesterday: ; 

In their Iettec<of resignation, , 
fee two -^njemb^s. expressed 
regret about the- conduct, of fee * 
armed forces wijen the com- 
mittee visited the Northern , 
Province capital: .of Jaffna last T 
. weekend.' Eight people died and - 
more than 50 were injured .in 
dashes between the Army and 
Tamil groups. : One . of .the ^ 
resigning committee members r 
said- that helicopters had been v 
used to shoot people.- 
• Tea guarantee: Sri LankaVr 
Plantation Industries- Minister, . 
Mr Montague Jayewickreme, 
told diplomats from. 19 tea-;' 
importing: countries yesterday^ 
that he guaranteed his country's' 
tea exports were, t pure . and 
warnings- about -poisoned' tea 
meant for export were an 
attempt to disrupt the econofoy. 

"It is a big hoax, ffui we -have 
taken security measures from 
the points' of ; production to 
exports and we assure all buyers 
that the tea available is pure," 
Mr Jayewickreme said. 



ter girl 

y . . • • 

Pakistan- India trade deal 

i i • • 

k — • • 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamabad 

Pakistan anil In dian finance 
ministers yesterday signed a 
document on bilateral economic 
cooperation which will allow 
fee Pakistani private sector to 
trade .in 42 items hitherto 
restricted to the -state trading 
corporation. Agreement oo this 
was reached after .two .days .of 
talks here betwetoi Mr Vtahwa- 
nath Pratab Singh, the Indian - 
Finance Minister, and Dr 
Mahbub id-Haq, Pakistan's 
Finance Minister. Mr Pratab 
Smgh also met President Zia. 

The two .finance ministers 

also agrees to set up a: joint 
committee of officials 'and 
enterpreneurs to bonsHEcr poss- 
ible joint ventures " in each 
other’s country. The opening to 
Pa kistan i s importers of trade in * 
fee 42 items partially* meets 
Indian demand* Indian - im- 
porters are already - free to* 
import from Pakistan. " 

The finance ttualsteTs* meet- - 
ing' marks the beginning, of - 
high-level contacts between 
Pakistan and. India hi advance* 
of -the first visit to Pakistan by" 
the I n di a n Prime Minister, Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, later this year. 

On and after 9th January 1986 " ' . 

Standard Chartered Bank’s Base Rate 
for lendingis being increased from 
11-50% to 12-50% 

Deposit Rates are Gross inieresl 
7 dayst notice -8-70% 
21 days? notice ,1003% 

i*s merest 

05Q% ; 





-jV ’ Prom Mary tee' ' 

■ ■ ... Peking ; 

The Chinese Communist 

■ .-.Jc-.^arty launched a campaign 

^{gainst corruption at a . special 
' conference held-onMon- 

■' ‘ * !jay and ' Thursday. It was- 
• .; : vittmded by 8,000 Communist 
> -/party, Antiy and-Govwmncnt 
r u .' officials. Diplomats- said die 
^anferenee, which whs riot 
: vianounced, was one of the 

. * . ‘rV aigcst held in recent years. ” 

. The anti-corruption cam- 
, * :r V3aigo will -go under theeameof 
?l -../Rectification of Party Style* 

. ‘ * 'and will be headed by three, of 
... " ^,'tihe rising stars who were 
•.-..'promoted .to senior party- 
■ «; positions at the party confer- 

: 3nce in September. A Politburo 
member, Mr Qiao'Shi, will' be 

Schoolshit by ’lvisli 
to g6 ntio business 

a member of the party 
retariat, and Mr Qiang Xiao- 
-.■v/cbu. Secretary of the Central 
. Discipline Inspection Com- 
. ' mission, will be his deputies. 

'.J- At the meeting, Mr Hu 
. f-Yaobang. the Communist Par' 
’.! ' ty’s General Secretary, attacked 
v ; lawbreakers within the parry! 
. and called for national repotting 
. .’of all serious wrongdoings by 
. '-senior officials, including lhose- 
- in the central Committee. It was* 
.•.-'his first speech of the year. . 

The official 'Xinhua neWs 
. -agency, in its report of Mr Hu’s 
speech yesterday quoted him as 
'-.saving: “Laws must be followed 
• and enforced strictly, and all 
'' law breakers must be ptm- 

Peking - Economic reform, 
which, is eaeouragrag thou- " 
sands of enterprising Chinese 
to pr inlo business on their . 
.own,' is causing problems for 
schools m. Shanghai, according! 
to People’s Dmfy (Mary Lee 
writes). : . 

idied." Analysts said the confer- 
ence was one of the largest to-be 
held in recent years and marked 
; the beginning of an anti-carrup- 
tum campaign. y 
According to Mr Hu, some 
organs under the party Central 
Committee,, the State .Council 
and the general' headquarters of 
the People’s Liberation Army 
and some functionaries “cannot 
meet the ; demands of. the 
modernization: tasks.* 

Mr Hu listed problems which 
he . said “have a -great corrosive 
influence” oh the linage of the 
party and government.- These 
were: A lack of discipline, 
political , liberalism, ideological 
individualism and showing 
“favouritism through connec- 
tions,” putting personal feelings 
above principles, discarding of 
principles and -unfair and 
dishonest, behaviour. “In ad- 
dition, some, people abandon 
personal and national dignity in 
foreign contacts.” 

- Mr Hu’s criticisms of central 

. departments! .within the party. 
Government . and Army arid 
their officials come on top of a 
renewed- media campaign to 
publicize corruption. Quoting 
the- . party' constitution and 
regal atiohs, 'hc called on “all 
loyal .and honest comrades 
inside and outside the party” to 
jexetcise their.. right “to report 
truthfully to the party Central 
Committee about - serious 
wrongd oing s by. leading znent 
bar of all organizations at all 
levels, including .the Central 

. . Mr. Hii promised that “great 
•changes will take place in the 
conduct of the - members of 
Central organs”, following 
"which “the more- than 20 
million .government employees 
all over the country and the 
entire • Chinese people ' will 
follow their example”. 

At the same meeting. Mr 
Wang Zhabguo said several 
regulations were being formu- 
lated to help combat the 
problems which Mr Hu had 
listed. * 

The regulations will coyer 
party arid government officials 
' running enterprises, reception 
of senior officials on inspection 
-touts around the country, 
prohibition of sending people 
abroad at random arid the strict 

selection of senior officials: 

Mr Wang said: “No matter 
what organizations or individ- 
uals, at high or low levels, might 
be involved in deviations, they 
will be dealt with resolutely." 

Sweden seeks 
steer middle 
course in budget 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Holding a doll, Donna Ashlock, aged 14, 
stands with her famOy and a friend at San 
Francisco’s Pacific Presbyterian HospitaL 
She is recovering from a transplant 
operation on Sunday in which she was given 
the heart of. her former boyfriend, Felipe 
Garza, aged 15. She had had anenlarged 
heart .and was dying when- Felipe died 
suddenly of a brain haemorrhage last week. 

He had told his parents the month before: 
“If I should die 1 want Donna to have my 
heart”. His parents remembered the request 
and contacted Donna’s parents. With 
Donna after the operation are her great- 
grandmother, Mrs Hnsie Carson (lower 
left), her mother Mary (left), father 
Raymond, brother Chuck and best friend 
Jannie Chavez (right). 

Sweden's Socialist Govern- 
ment yesterday presented a 
Budget to the Riksdag (Parlia- 
ment) confirming commitment 
to iis so-called “third way” 
between restraint and expan- 

The Finance Minister, Mr 
Kjell-Olof Feldt, said: “The 
over-riding goal remains la use 
our productive resources in the 
form of die workforce and 
capital without having to 
borrow from abroad. The 
strategy the Government has 
chosen has become known as 
the third way in economic 
policy. This means that we both 
work and save ourselves out of 

In an aside clearly aimed at 
Britain's Thatcherite policies, 
he said: “The advocates of 
restraint tend to empahasize the 
fight against inflation and 
financial imbalance, but neglect 
to deal with the problem of 
unemployment and low growth. 

“Experience over many years 
from other countries that have 
tried this course shows that the 
result is rising unemployment, 
economic stagnation, growing 
rifts and increased social antag- 

Mr Fddi then took a swipe at 
expansionists: “Advocates of 
expansion lend instead to 
empahsize the importance of 
increased growth and employ- 
ment, and underestimate the 
dangers of high inflation and 
financial imbalance." 

There were hints, however. 

I that even in Sweden’s garden all 

might not be lovely. Mr Feld; 
delivered a stem warning to the 
unions; “A successful economic 
development requires a further 
moderation of wage increases to 
avoid a deterioration of Swe- 
dish competitiveness.” 

With centralized wage nego- 
tiations looming, the Finance 
Minister warned: “In the vieu 
of the Government, it would be 
desirable to have wage settle- 
ments covering several years." 

However, two main union 
oranizalion said yesterday they 
were against such settlements. 
The Confederation of Trade 
Unions, representing two mil- 
lion blue-collar industrial 
workers, and the Federation of 
Salaried Employees in Industry 
and Services said they would be 
pressing for a one-year settle- 

He said lhat lax scales for 
1 987 and 1 9S8 would shortly be 
drawn up. with the aim ol 
promoting low wage settle- 
ments. Last year's inflation vole 
would be 5.5 per cent it was 
hoped to cut this to 4 per cent in 

In both 1984 and 1985 
employment rose by some 
40.000 a year, he said, with total 
unemployment reduced to 2.y 
per cent last year. It should stay 
at the same level for 1986, he 
said, "however, a slight weaken 
ing of the labour markc; 
cannot be excluded". 

The budget deficit would br 
reduced by 3.3 billion Swedic! 
kroner (£3 million) to 48.'- 
billion kroner this year 

Tills { 

UK officials in Canberra 

Australia holds back 
on nuclear clean-up 


From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

The first formal meeting 


• between Britain and Austraha 
iiiLoo the huge 'nuclear clean-up 
, recommended by the McGel- 
‘Vjland Royal Commission ended 
tin, in Canberra yesterday, i, . . 

Two days of mlk* at' official 
- : level on the most sensitive issue 
"r between the countries ended 

- ^without a joint statement, but 
. have produced In private- an 

exchange of views on- the 
'. commission's recommendation 
. ’ that Britain should ’.fund a 
multi-million pound operation 
to make three fonner nudear 
1 test sites habitable: -. • - ‘ 

Neither Government has 

- stated' ah official view 6n the 
: commission’s report. The pos- 
itions to be v adopted at a 

- meeting of ministers later this 
; : month will be^based on this 

• week’s talks. • • ' 

- Australian '- .officials - were 

- uncharacteristically . tincom- 
- ; mumcative yesterday, empha- 
“ - sizing the delicacy of the issue, 

- while a British official said only 
• . that - the meeting ■ had been 

as an opportunity to 
a nprhber - of- matters, 


clarify . , 

without, commitment . from 
either side".' ' 

Britain has given no sign that 
it is willing to pay for a hew 
clean-up, having been absolved 
by . two previous Australian 
governments of any further 
responsibility for site used in 
British nuclear tests between 
1952 and 1963! ; . 

The Royal Commission, 
conducted by Mr Justice James 
McClelland, made six other 
recommendations from its year- 
long study. . 

-The Government Jbad only a 
few days to consider * the 
findings before the- Christmas 
break, but they will 6e taken up 
by' the- Cabinet ; soon 

The next stage will be In 
London,- where Senator Gareth 
Evans; Minister for Energy and 
Resources, who is han d ling the 
matter for Canberra, will meet 
Mr Norman Lamont, Minister 
of State for Defence Procure- 
ment, later this month. 

* ifl-' 

Kremlin gift 
to peace 
letter girl 

. Tokyo (Renter) - The Soviet 
leader, Mr Mikhail Gorba- 
chov,. had ,z box of gifts 
delivered to his new Japanese' 
schoolgirl pen pal yesterday 
and told her that her pleas to 
the Kremlin* for world peace^ 
had reached sympathetic ears. . 

“A happy New Year. I wish' 
you and yow family well,” Mr 
Gorbachov wrote to Aflto 
Fokuda, aged 12, of Nagoya, in 
central Japan. He added that 
the Soviet people- were still 
p ashing for world peace, “Just 
as yon requested me”. 

Aiko sent the Soviet leader a 
letter just before Christmas. “I 
heard from my father that -yon 
met with Mr Reagan and- I 
think it is wonderful,” die said. 
“Ihope yon mil stick to your 
efforts to make the . world 

Mr GorbochovV letter re- 
called the relatumahmp 

between his predecessor, Yuri 
Andropov, and the young 
American schoolgirl Samantha 
Smith, who wrote a similar 
letter to Andropov to 1983. . 

Samantha was swept off to 
Moscow, were she was regaled 
as a prophet of world peace. 
She killed in a plane crash In 
August. ' 

Mr Gorbodtov’s ~-gifts to 
Aiko included ft duMrens 
version of the fife of 

•cniuu ui uk — — — — 3, 

photo albums of Moscow and of 

the first Soviet cosiiHHH»t.'Ym5 

Gagarin, a traditional Rntom n 
santovonr and a set of records. 

on Cyprus 
gun charge 

FromOnr Correspondent 
• Nicosia . 

Mr Sami Aids Nasr, aged 26, 
a Palestinian from Dubai, has 
been charged in Cyprus on four 
counts of possessing illegal 
weapons in connection with ait 
alleged attempt to cany guns 
and grenades on. to a Swissair 
flight last month. . 

A Lamaca district court 
judge, Mr Tglris EBades, refused 
bail after a police : prosecutor 
said.Mr Nasr was likely to try to 
escape. He feces. a maximum 
penalty of life imprisonment if 
convicted. His ‘trial begins on 

. The court was told that police 
were seeking four other foreign- 
ers in connection with the case. 
Mr N^sr had ' been arrested at 
Larnaca airport oh December 
17, shortly -before he was to 
board a Swissair flight to 
Jordan. .' 

. Police: said his handrluggage 
contained two wicker-coverod . 
wine flasks that concealed two 
pistols, six grenades and 71 
bullets. Two similarly equipped 
flasks hod been found later at 
the home of one of his relatives. 

A second . ■ man, also a 
Palestinian, Mr Yemd Gasper 
Sayiagh,-- was ' arrested last 
monthbut was freed after police 
■decided he' had no connection 
with the case. Mr Sayiagh, aged 
30, who carries an American 
passport,- had hebri a school 
Send of Mr Nasr, police 
reports said. 




</ V 


■ Q 


*'C' ^ 


Mailer dons new image 
for writers’ meeting 

Ytom Trevor ESsUpfik, W*" :Yoik. 

. • .. a ' Mr Mailer headed the drive 

^niTof to raise $800,000 (£542,000) for 

SJiiSEW tijSSS S, wsek-lm* conferee, »nd 

nnemalional 'to. the State 

■ writers starnng to . New Yort ' D( !^ rt ment to ensnre that no 

sa Mas - tSrJSS&tiK 

: “ n ™ .“ d bctwwn “ -France, the 19S5 Nobel Laur- 

has 10,000 members in care, are guests of honour at the 

,1 _.62_jcountries^_ , 


On June 5th The Holiday Ferry opens its brand new 
Holiday Route for a clear run into all of Holiday 
France and beyond. 

Fot your free 1986 Colour Brochures either 
ring our 24-hour Brochure Service on Portsmouth gj 

(0706) 751708 or Plymouth (0752) 269926, or ■ 

contact your Travel Agent or complete the coupon. | 

Rease send me your Brochures on France □ | 

. . Spain and Portugal □ TkkBax ■ 


Portsmouth-Caen, Portsmouth-StMalo, Plymouth-RoscoB, Corlt-Roscoff, 

FOT^to^iation andbookings ring; Portsmouth Tel: (0705) 827701, Plymouth Tet (0752) 221321, CorkTel. 507656. 


u Send to: Brittany Brochures. PO. Box 197, London SE1 9SZ. 


t AS, 
iJ An 
■ u An 
L Aflb 
u AID 
S Am 
5 Am 

* Am 
5 Am 
r Am 
f Am 
u Am 
s Am 
l Am 
" Am 
■„ Am 
.* Am 

"■ ‘ Am 
►; An 
•• . AW 
1 ■ Atti 
: A vo 

ii Bar 

* Bar 
j I" 

' Bast 
• Bra 
' ; Boa 
H i Bob 
■. Bor 

' Can 

* Cab 

* Cefc 

J Cha 
J Cha 


" Oar 
- Cob: 

* CBf 

, Con 
' CPC 
■ Dart 



Elite Spanish police unit 
frees industrialist 
from Basque kidnappers 

Howe set 
for Gulf 



By Our Foreign Staff' 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Geoffrey Howe. 

A unit of the Spanish police found the hideout while corn- 
special operations group res- bating last year, 
cued a Basque industrialist Under the - f 

meat of between £2 and £41°° Cbnsgvuiive 

Foreign Secretary, leaves today 
on a visit to Conservative Gulf 


cuea a Basque indu 

from a so-called “peoples Spain’s director-general of se- family and me authorities. _ 

■prison m a town near Bilbao curity and a friend of the satisfcction at the release was „ Government sources said the 
yesterday and captured his three industrialist, who had come also expressed by the Basque four-dav visit to Oman, Saudi 
ETA kidnappers without firing from Madrid, the GEOs sur- Employers’ confederation. Just Arabia and Kuwait would also 


fes Spain’s director-general of se- 

states which will focus cm the 

Bead's the jubilation of his 


- — o UVUl IfUMUlMv U1W 

as r 0L . _ ' . rounded the warehouse a 

As a rreult of the raid police an intense 20-minute 
later seized rifles, machine guns, with the kidnappers, who 
grenades and grenade launchers surrendered, 
belonging to the separatist 

organization. .™ GEOs could not enter 

rounded the warehouse and had as Spam was entering the EEC JS* V ® ®r Geoffrey an oppor- 

i * j . j. i I tiinrtv tn ttiDnut hnitml 

ey jobs and investment depended tu ? it > r to discuss lateral 

more *han ever on businesses relations between Britain and 
not paying die ‘‘revolutionary toe force Arab states, which are 

SeSTjuan Pedro Guzman, 

aged 43, a director of the through a small tunncL 

Bilbao's football dub, was kept 

The GEOs could not enter *“ . thcy said. 
cause access to the hideout Exploiting the success of the 
is through a small tunneL police rescue operation, the 
Seflor Gozman said he had niling Sooalist Party rounded 
•ed with his three cantors on on fo® BasQlto autonomous 

for 1 i days in a small hideout l^d with his three captors on a H tono ™9 UJ 

behind a furniture warehouse in the ground -floor, going up a G o X e f n y?° t for dfemandini 

Basauri. He had been 

wxMfen laddelrto fiSr ** 

napped as he left a new year's lo slee P- They had just finished P?}!**** replaccd Basque 
eve celebration lunch. hreafc&st when the noti« policemen. 


The freeing of the industrial- challenged the kidnappers. 

Basque Government 

ist highlights recent develop- “I was very frightened at the answered by only congratulat 

ments in the struggle against moment of liberation,” the ’°g . the GEOs yesterday on 
terrorism in the Basque region - industrialist said. “doing their duty without 

vw>U‘ M _ * Klrwlrba^l 

pohee efficiency is growing in He said that his captors had ausij3fi Woodshed” . 

fta adeehne *5 101(1 1111X1 motive was to As police interrogations con 
£ff r re Plc“ish ETA funds. There was tinued the arrest byGEOs of 16 

mShwic Pressing financial evidence m the hideout to suspects, including twocouncil- 

TT, e ™r : cr* suggest that the organization lore, who were later Seed 

l be GEOs. as the special was preparing to demand from without charges being brought, 

police units are known, had Sen or Guzan's family a pay- soured the mood however. 

Washington works on long-term 
strategy to isolate Gadaffi 

major buyers of British arms. 

Meanwhile a Soviet defence 
team will arrive in Kuwait 
today to improve Moscow’s 
profile in die Gulf amid 
mounting Arab disenchantment 
with the United States. 

The deputy Defence Minis- 
ter. General Vladimir Govorov, 
will lead the highest-ranking 
defence team sent to Kuwait, 
until recently the onlv member 
of the six-nation Gulf Cooper- 
ation Council to have diplo- 
matic ties with Moscow. 

Diplomats said the six-day 
visit is part of a Soviet push to 
widen ties in the area and might 
herald efforts by Moscow to 
penetrate arms mmarkets so far 
closed to it. 

The Foreign Office said Sir 
Geoffrey would meet his op- 
posite numbers in the three 
states and also call on King 
Fahdz of Saudi Arabia. 

Britan has said it remains 
keen to help promote peace 
between Israel and its Arab 
neighbours despite Sir Geof- 
frey’s decision last October to 

he s ho uld not be executed' 
because he^wus only i? at the 
° me ~: Jaadth. W 

been/ ^,- suiMi^ San'' a 

Richard-Racy, deefeaed to iuv ; 
the execution. ■ ' 

Blitz on Soviet racketeers 

Roach and two other nun 
was convicted of murdering a 
17-year-old boy and raping ^ 
murdering a 14-year-o?tf in 
1 977.0ne of the other men was 
executed' a year .ago and the 
third is scrying a fife prison 
sentence. ‘ 

War veterans turn vigilante 

Jail visit 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

With its limited armoury of “It would not tie the first time,” frozen several hundred million c j ec j s j OQ ^ to 

economic reprisals against he remarked. dollars in Libyan Government * i ,.iu ^ i-aHm 

Libya already exhausted, the As for Libya's ability, to deposits in response to Presi- Uberation O^iti- 

Reagan Administration is piec- conduct direct military action, dent Reagan’s executive order, ^^on. 
ing together a long-term stratify the Pentagon is nothing short of Corporations and individuals 
of pressure and persuasion on contemptuous. Senior officials are unaffected. The amounts 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


i on contemptuous. Senior officials are unaffected. The amounts Th® PLO- leaders, invited by 
and said Libyan sailors on warships involved are but a fraction of Bntam trader a peaceimtiative 

friendly Arab governments to were seasick and Libyan pilots the Si 2 billion that Iran bad on 

isolate Colonel Gadaffi. 

were afraid of getting lost in the deposit when its funds were 

The military option, for all dark, some ships were suppos- frozen in 1979. 

Disillusioned groups of 
Soviet veterans from the war in 
Af g h a n i s tan have begem form- 
ing vigilante squads which have 
military-style training ami 
carry out their own brand of 
rough “justice” to hlack- 
marketeers and others they 
consider are under mining 
Co mmunis t ideals. 

Administration's thinly- edly breaking down and were 

veiled public 
privately been 



has short of fueL 


and were All American companies in 
Libya have indicate*! their 
American intention of quirting the country 

senior officials both on logisti- officials, the warships took to in response to President Rea- 

cal and political grounds. sea for fear of being bombed in gan's trade boycott. The pull- 

The CIA is almost certainly port and aircraft were being out is hardly a grievous 
involved in encouraging op- kept aloft at night to escape financial blow to the American 
ponents of Colonel Gadaffi in surprise attack. giants operating there. Occiden- 

Libya’ and beyond, but not. Such snippets have been tal Petroleum Corporation, the 
officials insist, to the extent of gleaned from electronic eaves- operator of three Libyan oil- 
complicity in any assassination dropping and satellite i nielli- fields and the principal Ameri- 
plois. Senator Howard Metzen- gence can investor in Libya, has no 

baum of Ohio, a liberal America's biggest banks, once more than 1 per cent of its gross 

by King Husain of Jordan, were 
rebuffed after they refused 
explicitly to acknowledge 
Israel’s right to exist 
The talks were to have led to 
negotiations be twee a joint 
Jordanian-Palestinian del- 
egation and Israel. 

During the visit Sir Geoffrey 

will reiterate Britain’s desire for well-kept secret, thm 
a negotiated settlement to the | inquiries reveal that 
war between Iran and Iraq. | considerable popular 
Britain in the past has drawn 

The self-styled vigilantes, 
described by the Soviet press as 
“lynch gangs”, are believed to 
operate clandestinely in most 
main Soviet dries. Until re- 
cently theb- existence was a 
well-kept secret. Chough private 
inquiries reveal that they eqjoy 
considerable popular support 
The forming of the squads. 

he had been approached by one 
ex-Army vigilante soon after 
the release of a Togliatti man - 
described only as “Citizen V” - 
on embezzlement charges when 
it was found that there was not 
enough evidence to prosecute. 

Mr Drobotov recalled that 
he had then received a visit 
from a “yotmg, strougly buffi” 
man called Anatoly who de- 
manded to know why the 

Bonn (Renter) - Lord Glen- 
arthur. Parliamentary Under- 
secretary of State at the Home 
Office; toured West. Germany’s 

back, and could not believe his 

eyes. His former pre-Axmy ® Stammhara,- near Stuttgart, 
friends were chasing after during a vistt auned ai fanning 

clothes and new recordings . . . 
His girlfriend was wearing 
trendy American jeans and was 
frantically dra gg in g him off to 
the the black market, wanting 
him to wear only foreign- made 

“There came a time when he 
asked ' himself _ : straight- 

from German prison methods. 
In. the 1970S, leaders of the 
Baader-Meinhof urban guerrilla 
gang were interned in Stamm- 

Tourists’ cash 

suspect, whom he described a& forwardly. Vhat did my friend 
a “money-grabber” and a die forT Was rt really for these 

“contra”, had been set free. He 
warned die investigator: “If you 
do not prosecute him, we will 
deal with him ourselves.” 

Democrat, suggested that as- again caught in the middle of assets there. 

can investor in Libya, has no 
more than 1 per cent of its gross 

criticism from Iraq and its Gulf ( six years after the start of 

sassination might be justified, international politics, have now 

Media tiger, page 8 

Belgium and Luxembourg firms ignore sanctions 

Trade mission to visit Tripoli 

Brussels (AP) - A joint 
Bclgian-Luxembourg trade 
mission will go to Libya this 
month looking for more trade 
opportunities, only weeks after 

US companies “can no longer January 21 to discuss the US 
trade with Libya because of the call for sanctions against Libya 
boycott- For Belgium, there are and new measures to combat 

now steps to be taken,” he said, terrorism, a Foreign Ministry 
Mr Samir Afiouny, who is spokesman said 
ganiring the mission, said it • MOSCOW: The Soviet 
is “logical that if the Ameri- Union has launched its stron- 
ns leave Libya, many com- gest attack yet on the US 
tries wiU be interested to sanctions with the Foreign 

Washington announced a trade org ani zing the mission, said it 
ban against the north African was “logical that if the Ameri- 
country. cans leave Libya, many com- 

Fourteen companies will pames 
participate in the week-long replace 
mission, which leaves on noweve 
January 30. organizers said not exp 
yesterday. However, the Minis- reasons 
try of Foreign Trade issued a . 
statement emphasizing that the porte 
mission had “no official ln 1984. 
nature”. © ROME: 

A spokesman for the Bel- Govemi 

was “logical that if the Ameri- Union has launched 
cans leave Libya, many com- gest attack yet on 
parties will be interested to sanctions with the 

replace them”. He emphasized. Minister. Mr Eduard Shevard- 
however, that chamber would nadze accusing Washington of a 

allies for selling arms to Iran. 

While publicly taking a 
neutral line on the war. it has 
supplied Iran with two naval 
support ships and military spare 
parts since the war broke out in 

The three Gulf states, fearing 
a spill-over of the Iran-Iraq war, 
have repeatedly called on 
Tehran and Baghdad to end 
tiller hostilities through peace- 
ful negotiations. 

Arab diplomats said Sir 
Geoffrey was expected to 
receive approval from the Gulf 
states for Britain’s refusal this 
week to join the United States 
in economic sanctions against 

Soviet military involvement in 
Afghanistan (now estimated at 
120,000 men); was disclosed in 
a long letter to the Moscow 
youth paper Komsomohkaya 
Pravda by a criminal investi- 
gator based hi Togliatti, a 
sprawling industrial town on 

the banks of the Volga. 

The decision of die paper tn 
devote nearly the whole vf. its 
back page to the story is semi 
as an indication of die extent of 
the problem. It also dealt at 
length with the difficulties of 
the veterans (known as 
A/gmtsi) in readjusting to 
civilian life. 

The investigator, Mr Alek- 
sandr Drobotov, revealed bow 

The investigator told how the 
vigilante, discharged recently 
after 18 mouths in Afghani- 
stan, where he had lost a dose 
friend, had . met other veterans 
in Togliatti, the main centre of 
die Soviet motor industry. 

“They now meet in a 
prearranged spot, share recol- 
lections, train and keep in 
shape,” he said. “They decided 
that, there were too many 
‘contrhs’ around - thieves and 
embezzlers-” . The investigator 
'sfdd' drift he tried to -warn 
Anatoly, of the danger of such 
“lynch gangs”, telling him that 
they would soon find them- 
selves in court. 

Mr Drobotov described 
Anatoly’s disillusion on his 
return from the front: “He 
finished Army service, came 

speculators? These complacent 
and seif-satisfied -s cr oungers? 
And what is the battle ‘there’ 
(Afghanistan) going on for?” . 

. The investigator described 
the incident as “the meeting 
which shook my life” and told 
the 13 million readers of 
Xomsomolskaya Pravda tint he 
had later - discovered that 
Citizen V had been frightened 
away from Togliatti for good. 

Though he never saw 
Anatoly again, “latet, I repeat- 
edly talked to the lads who. 
served ‘there’ and became 
convinced that they think 

In an accompanying .«mi- 
mentary expressing sympathy 
for the ideals . of the vigilantes, 
the paper cdndnded that the 
Soviet Union had done mpeh to 
help Afghanistan veterans to 
readjust to normal life, “hot it 
is not such as easy step from 
the battlefield into peaceful life. 
Some never manage ft.” ' 

Paris — • French tourists travel- 
ling abroad are now allowed to 

take a maxim um of 12,000 

francs (£900) in cash out of the 
country. The measure brings 
France into line with other 
European countries. 

Salt 2 ‘honoured’ 

. New Yoric (Renter) - A State 
Department;, official, Lieuten- 
ant-General’ John Chain, has 
testified that the Soviet Union 
has . mostly complied with the 
.Salt. 2 arms treaty. The New 
York Times reported He told 
the Senate armed services 
committee ihat- the “vast 
majority” of important pro- 
visions m the tmtatified Stra- 
tegic Arms Limitation Treaty 
had been honoured by Moscow. 

Chess delay 

Lucerne (AP^ - The Inter- 
national Chess Federation said. 

here it was delaying by 11 days 
the. announcement of a venue- 

not exploit the visit for political flagrant disregard for the sover- 

reasons. eign ry of states. 

Belgium and Luxembourg in a speech on Thursday 
imported £243 million of goods night Mr Shevardnadze said the 

Shuttle’s record seventh delay 

. _ __ United States was pursuing a 

nature”. © ROME: The Italian policy of “neo-globalism” and 

A spokesman for the Bel- Government has ordered a trying to prevent nations from 
gium -Luxembourg- Arab Cham- review of its economic relations acting independently. “This is 
ber of Commerce said the with Libya after what a exemplified by attempts to 
organization had not planned statement' from the office of the intimidate Libya, which faces 
the mission on the basis fof the Prime Minister, Signor Benino an economic blockade and 
attacks) but was not going to Craxi, called “grave suspicions threats of an outright armed 
cancel iL On the contrary, it was of toleration and support” for intervention”, be said, 
a good period commercially the terrorist attacks at on Rome % new YORK: The Nobel 
speaking, she said. and Vienna airports (John Earl Peace Prize winner. Bishop 

The launch of the space 
shuttle Columbia was post- 
poned yesterday fof a record 
seventh time as torrential rain 
swept the launch pad at the 
Kennedy Space Centre. Florida. 

It was the fourth posponment 
mainly because of weather and 

From Mohs in Ali, Washington 

carry out its record 15 shuttle 
launches for 1986, including 
two this month. 

The shuttle Challenger is due 
to blast off on January 23. - 
Columbia, ihe oldest of the 
four US space shuttles, has just 

day to give technicans more 
time to prepare the shuttle. 

On December 19 a computer 
stamped the clock 14 seconds 
before launch because of a 
faulty electronic part Lift' off 
was re-set for January 4. It was 

Access to 
poefs grave 

the. announcement of a venue- 
for next month’s; scheduled 
rematch between ” the world 
chess champion, Gary Kaspa- 
rov, and the former tidehokler, 
Anatoly Karpov. Under FIDE 
rules, this -extends Kpsporov's 
drarifine for accepting the 
rematch by the same amount of 
time. . . ' ; * • 

From Mario Modiano 
. Athens 

Case driipfess# 

Alan Ellkrtti the 

speaking, she said. and Vienna airports (John Earl 

Three companies joined the wiles), 
mission this week raising ©ATHENS: A few hundred 
suspicions in the media, that demonstrators, mostly Libyan 
they were trying to take students and Greek sympathiz- 
advantage of the US trade era, waving green banners with 
boycott. Two of the firms anti-American slogans in Greek 
denied this. and Arabic, chanted “hands of 

The Chemothera Pharmaceu- Libya”, as they staged a protest 
tical firm, however, joined march yesterday from Athens 
because Libya had settled a debt University to the American 
to the firm one day after Embassy (Mario Modiano 
President Reagan announced writes), 
the US sanctions, a company % BONN: EEC foreign minis- 
source said. lers will meet in The Hague on 

rvenuon .be said. mechanical problems in five 

NEW YORK: The Nobel days and the seventh since 
ice Prize winner. Bishop December 18. The new launch 

had an 18-month overhauL Its dd ?y« d **0 <**5* for more 

. Fears that access to the grave in November after hefcMeMed a 
of the poet Rupert Brooke oh party of Gecman tbupststfrom a 

Desmond Tutu, yesterday criti- was resheduled for tomorrow 
rized President Reagan for morning. 

imposing sanctions on Libya 
while refusing to follow the 
same course with South Africa. 

vEanH ■ mission will be the 24th of the 

shuttle programme. 

Member IS. The new launch D „- . ,. ... _ 

is resheduled for tomorrow , B ^^ cs , cro ^ i y **** co n ^-. 
n ming dence m shuttle launchings, the 

The delay broke the record of S&EJRSSHHi? 1 
six shuttle launch postponments Nasa - Ev * I 7 last minmte laun ch 
set before the maidenflight of posponmem oosts bctween 

crew training. But on January 6 
the countdown was halted 36 
seconds before blast off because 
of mechanical problems. 

the next day bad weather 
caused some delay. . But the 

the Aegean island ■ of Skyros group of anti-GoverifmiiHJ5aer 
might be restricted by. miluaxy rillas. have been ” ’ * " 

development have been dis-, spent about- five?. _ 

misted bjr the Greek Defence' after the incident^ and ti other 

Bishop Tutu said the United the shuttle Discovery, which IJSSnSS -n5 £13 ^iP9!? 

States had decided on economic | went into orbit two months late uw - 1 1115 ® e ' noticed 

sanctions against Colonel | in August 1 984. b X '-ongrcssman Nelson, vrao 15 

- Yesteidy, Columbia's crew of £.*•*»« 

Ministry. employees of : £fel=rftei ; com- 

the next day bad weather Although, the Greek Navy pany . were also seized by 
caused some delay. .But the reportedly carried out atopo- undercover police. - 
decision to put it off was graphical survey of Tris Boukes . 

because the RCA company said Bay, near the poet's monument, CUTDIIlff Aids 
that a flight later that day would for a possible submarine hast v ' ,u * • 

possible submarine base. 

bot be able to put its. telecom- I other information indicates that 

Gadaffi’ s regime without any 

discussin as to whether hey [seven, including Congressman 

would be effective. 

“But as soon as we say ‘Why 

Bill Nelson (Democrat, Flori- 
da). was disappointed. The 

Nasa's budget. 

mimicatious satellite into the plans have been cancelled, 
proper orbit Then on January 8 A reader of The Times. Mr 
toucans found problems with Matthew Barry Sullivan, said he 
fod valve in-- one of the had been told during a visit to 
ittle’s three main engines and the island last autumn that the 
s led to the sixth postpon- bay had been sounded and' the 
®t- markers on land had . reached 

within 500ft of the; jioet’s grave. 
He said that if : the plan' went 
through it * would make . ii 
impossible or extremely diffi- 
cult to visit the grave by sea. 
while the rough road': to' 
north of the island would* deteitf 

not South Africa?’ we get all this delays raised questions about 

wonderful sophistry,” he added, whether Nasa would be able to 

Columbia’s bad luck began 
on the' original launch date, 
December 18, which slipped on 

shuttle’s three main engines and 
this led to the sixth postpon- 

Marks & Spencer. 

‘Iceberg tip’ of Miami Tice Murdered ar ms 

The police officers caught 

on the wrong side of the law 

. Stockholm - A court here has 
ordered compulsory, hospital 
treatment for a 30-year-old drug 
addict suffering from Aids. The 
man had spread die to 

other addicts, the court was 
told.'- The case was the first 
under a new Swedish law which 
aims at stopping the spread of 

Brussels - The executive of a “X ^le owner 

From Trevor Fishlock, New York 

Antonis Koiirfis;- vihe j Umit.- 

. ; Alice Springs. (Reuter) - An 
: Australian. , driver, Christian 
Wendel; arrested for being three 
times .oyer the- legal alcohol 

We thank all our customers who 
responded so quickly to the recent health 
warning concerning St. Michael Cocktail 
Vol-au- Vents (Packs of 12 - £2.19). 

Miami has been shocked by 
allegations that 12 young 
polcemen have been mixed up 
in Miami vice, on the wrong 
side of the law. 

Any remaining packs 
should be taken to your 
local Marks & Spencer. 
Please check your freezer. 

The men are said to hare 
become involved in the huge 
cocaine smuggling trade that is 
Sooth Florida’s principal and 
highly lucrative criminal ac- 
tivity. All of them are accused 
of drug-related offences, rang- 
ing from racketeering to rob- 
bery ami cocaine dealing. Three 
are accused of murder. 

The charges have earned a 
crisis in the local police forces 
and consternation in a city 
highly sensitive about Its 
reputation. The Federal Bureau 
of Investigation is conducting 
an intensive inquiry into the 

police, and the Mayor of 
Miami says it may be that the 
city is seeing the tip of an 
iceberg in respect of police 
officers drawn into to drug 

ing cocaine into a van. the 
police were wearing uniform 
and flashed their badges. Three 
of the smugglers jumped 
overboard and drowned, in 
deaths classified as murder. 
The uniformed men fled with 
about 7501b of cocaine. 

Belgian arms company, Mr Greek Wamd8 ■ a meal of 

Juan Mendez Playa, found said: “Thete is-an^Sdte^S 
murdered i* his car on Tues- never any question cbnterntog - 

day, had been interviewed by °. f SttaowSSS 

the police last month at the I Rnpcrt Brooke in (flask of ronT tonook his touch! 

LUC U1VUU4 AC. UIC Jv.»4| ^ ■ ' . 

request of the French, according ^uteoritative reports here 
to the Public Prosecutor’s office indicate that plan$ to build « 

I He was . bound over on a two- 
here I year behaviour bond. 

Detectives who investigated 
were led, by telephone tapping, 
to five serving policemen and a 
former officer. 

(Jonathan Braude writes). 

The Belgian press has specu- 

Nato naval installation at Tris 
Boukes Bay had been cancelled 

la ted that Mr Mendez might l Jeca “ s ® ■ tite relevant .finance 
have been murdered because he blocked by a Turkish veto, 
knew too much about an arms Rostas Ftoulis, the Mayor 

Landslip toll 

Two other policemen were 
arrested after 8501b of cocaine 
was found on a boat raided by 
police. But the minding group 
had been Ied-to expect 1 ,0001b. 
it is alleged that the remaining 
150U), worth S2 million (£1.4 
million) was taken by the two 

Following the disappearance | 
of $150,000 from a Police j 
Department safe two Vice 
Squad officers have been I 

trafficking operations and might of Skyros. said he hoped the 
have been ready to divulge J® “ e north d would soon 
— ... ta tiPSraded. 

details to the police. 

Colombo (Reuter) . - The 
death toll from -landslips in Sri 
Lanka has risen to 40 «nd at 
least 300,000 people have been 
affected by floods, Government 
officials said. 

We stress that no other St. Michael 
products are affected. 

Prosecutors allege -that a 
gang of policemen, known as 
the Enterprise, stole cocaine 
shipments from drug runners 
and used police cars to 
transport it for sale. 

Last year, prosecutors say, 
officers boarded a lobster bote 
fn Miami and surprised a group 
of smugglers who were unload- 

What makes matters, ntoroj 
sensitive In a dty whose! 
pofitks have long been maritedl 
by ethnic tensions and disputes, 
is that the arrested pdimnen 
are all relatively inexperienced 
and 10 are Hispanic and two 
blade. AO wee hired fn 1980 
during a push to increase the 
size of the force and re cr uit 
mote people from minorities. 

Interest Rate Chan 

Allied Irish Banks pic announces that with effect 
from dose of business on9th Janaary 1986, its 
Base Bate was increased from 11%% to 12U% 





. .M— 






Television: Mark Lawson assesses the form of Grange Hill; Simon Banner interviews Moira Armstrong, 
director of tomorrow’s new BBC1 series Bluebell; Carlo Gebler reviews last night’s programmes^^ 

A fine impression of loscfonsness by Nanshaba Khan 

Rich in eccentrics 

The Little Clay Cart 


Translations from the Sanskrit 
i are far from common on the 
• London stage.' Generally con- 
cerned with the mighty deeds of 
gods, there is one splendid 
: exception, chosen by Tara Arts 
Group to open this Third Black 
Theatre Season. 

Attributed to King Shudraka, 
a 1 shadowy figure of the 8th 
century AD, there is not an 
immortal in the cast. Nor a 
wonder-working hero. Not even 
a miracle, if you discount the 
happy end that allows the main 
character to marry both the 
women he' loves. 

In colourfuL witty language 
the play tells of a handsome but 
impoverished merchant and a 
famous courtesan, “love’s jui- 
ciest dish**. A grotesquely 
, villainous brother-in-law to the 
king ' interferes with their joy, 
and their paths are criss-crossed 
by ah unexpectedly rich variety 
of eccentrics. A thief who breaks 
into houses according to a book 
of rules, a masseuse who 
renounces her passion for 
gambling to become a Buddhist 
monk, daft soldiers, nervous 
lawyers, a proverb-quoting 
Brahmin down on his uppers. 

; It is a pity we know nothing 
about .the author to help us 
understand how he could break 
the mould of India's traditional 
1 drama to come up with this 
compound of jokey romance, 
social criticism (a peasant leads 
a revolution and tails the king) 
and low farce. 

Production and performances 
are not yet all they should be, 
even allowing for this West- 
erner's uufamiliarity with some 

of the effects aimed for. The 
fr aming commentary is the 
weakest area, where wife and 
villain step a little way out of 
their parts in the story to poinrl 
to the issues involved. Z cannot 
say if this framework appears in 
the original but the conclusion 
is clearly modern. The question 
whether enemies should be 
forgiven in times of social stress 
is left uneasily unresolved - 
though I daresay it supplies a 
talking-pom t for audiences up 
and down the country before 
whom the Tara Arts Group 
performs its repertoire. 

The company here consist of 
eight players and two musicians 
(si tar and tab la). Music ac- 
companies many of the inci- 
dents, attractively building 
suspense and occasionally doing 
duty for props. The clay cart 
itself is the one visible prop, a 
toy belonging to the hero's son. 
But all the boy’s friends have 
gold carts and he wants one too. 
This is the sole, brief reference 
to the cart, and for that reason it 
spreads a curiously reverberat- 
ing power over the remainder of 
the story. Desires bring discon- 
tent yet good peasants should 
replace bad kings. 

There is a fine impression of 
lusciousness by Naushaba Khan 
and the decent young hero is 
pleasantly played by Ayub 
Khan Din. But the most 
enjoyably comic performance is 
given by Nizwar Karan] as the 
hopelessly poor and timid 
Brahmin. With a rapid delivery 
of his dotty lines, deadpan 
delivery of insults and his 
permanently aghast moon-face, 
this is an irresistibly comical 

Jeremy Kingston 



“A film of artistry and originality 
...superbly played’^* 



■ dn Imrf 



Wrlllra fc* DarrciaS 


*’ flFipobact b* Fabrr tclm, 


Cantn Strati. UwtaflWl B1-WS3J 
SaetfCMObootafal. lflMnmlirUDpaf.<UniM 

II 2 JBM 1 (mISM.CBL UB. Ml 

iml <wr*n ia ttrt sai s» 



Prices are racing ahead 

One ofEDWARDLEAR'S {Busmiomfor 
Thomas BeB's Monograph of die Tortoises, J83&4Z 

The prices achieved at Christie’s for illustrated 
books have been rising dramatically during the 
last few years. For example, 
sold at Christie’s in April 1983 for 

‘ [ £ 26,000 

and again at Christie’s in April 1985 for 

£ 50,000 

— a rise of 92% over two years. Christie’s next sale 
of Travel and Natural History Books will be on 16 ApriL 
Closing date for entries is 31 January. 

For farther information please contact 
Hans Fellner or Sarah Soames. 

8 King Street, St. James’s, London SWiY 6QT 
.... Td: ( 01 ) 839 9060 Telex : 916429 


Perhaps the first children's 
programme to include among 
the credits a “fight anaager”. 
Grange Hill (a twice-weekly 
serial set in a London compre- 
hensive school) retained this 
week for its 128th episode since 
its inception in 1978. 

Outwardly, the format is as 
before: the school thug is 
poshing wire-wool down young 
boys’ blazers; Mr Baxter is short 
of volunteers for the Grange 
HOI swimming team. But, in its 
underlying intention, this may 
prove to be the bravest series 

Grange HiU has always had 
didacticism in its satchel - 
previous plot-strands have-dealt 
out lessons on racism, menstru- 
ation, dyslexia, acne, and swyet- 
taBdng strangers at the gates - 
but the subject now ondcr 
diacussion is heroin addiction.. 
Already young Danny Kendall 
is wandering the school, pale 
and dazed, nodding like a 
mascot-dog hung in a car. One 
of the series* heroes, Samuel 
“ Turn m o” Maguire, a happy 
chap, looks edgier and talks of 
being short of cash. In the next 
12 weeks, one of the school’s 
students will rfiangp in person- 
ality from Master Freckles to 
Mr Snide; and addiction will be 

' It is this willingness to tackle 
reality which is the central debit 
or credit, according to taste, of a 
series which has been both 
praised for its authenticity and 
blamed for imitative acts of 
vandalism in schools. Edward 
Barnes, the BBC’s Head of 
Children’s Programmes, is 
aware of the difficulties. “The 
great horror in my job is that 
anything you do, no matter how 

Constant Hot Water (Central) 
will no doubt have been 
watched on the strength of Pat 
Phoenix (late of Coronation 
Street), who is cast here in the 
role of PhyUis Nugent, landlady 
extraordinaire on the Yorkshire 
riviera. This character, tailor- 
made for the actress, is one of 
those stuck-up, hypocritical, 
self-seeking snobs who- say 
“naice” instead of nice, and 
seems to have stepped right out 
of a seaside postcard. It is 
doubtful if there is or ever was 
anyone alive who even ap- 
proaches Phyllis Nugent's ghast- 

Constant Hot Water was a 
comedy which did little to 
surprise and less to provoke, 
preferring instead to follow the 
well-worn patterns of situation 
comedies. Coffins and death, 
nanny-like widows who call 
men “little boys” (naturally 
these are men who want to sleep 
with them), lavatories . (of 
course) and DIY were the stuff 
of the programme's humour. 

This was only the first 
episode, but it would seem that 
a potentially good idea with 
good performers is going to go 
the way of the mediocre rather 
than aspiring to anything 

well-meamng, can be used as a 
trigger - even if you’re saying 
'don’t do ;ftT But the ap- 
proach td the -heroin problem is 
typical of the intelligence and 
responsibility . with which 
Grange Hill swims the whirl- 
pool-pitted rivers of childrens’ 

Grange Hitt is a classy drama 
- a mix of bright writing and 
young actors portraying charac-' 
ters close enough to their own 
to attain an easy, naturalness - 
but it is, essentially, a set of 
gentle lessons. If this educative 
attempt is successful then it is 
instructive that children should 
take . more readily to being 
taught by a television serial set 
in a school than by school itself 

The fascination of Grange 
Hill's appeal is that millions of 
children, many of them soured 
by their hours in the classroom, 
should, from their entertain- 
ment, crave not escapism but 
familiarity. As the Grange Hitt 
children spilled shrilly through 
ttic gates again this week, the 
regular viewers were faced with 
the changes a new term must 
bring, and the same sort of thing 
occurred in the schools where 
the audience's own terms had 
begun the day before. 

Grange HiU is ultimately 
escapist. It takes an pparience 
through which all of its viewers 
are going or have gone and adds 
to a hefty base of realism a 
frothy top of dreams. The daily 
games of Old v Young ana 
Good v Bad are replayed with 
rose-tuned results. The tragedy 
is not, as many claim, that our 
schools are tike Grange Hill but 
that they are all too often 
different jyj 

Lovejoy (BBC1), also a new 
series, takes the old formula of 
- the streetwise character, once in 
trouble with the law but more 
or less straight, and elevates 
him to the middle classes so 
that he becomes Lovejoy, 
antique dealer. The idea of a 
Dennis Waterman prototype in 
the auction room works well 
and, judging by the first 
episode, the series will offer 
plenty of insight into the ways 
of the antique trade. 

Addiction: How Much is too 
Much? (Channel 4) saw David 
Kossoff examining the roots of 
the syndrome with five actors 
who dramatized case-histories 
and a medical expert Food, 
alcohol and drugs (legal and 
illegal) were the substances in 
question and it was salutary 
that the heroin addict was the 
most lucid, articulate and 
likeable of the vic tims. This will 
perhaps contradict some of the 
publiC'pRgudice about this type 
of addict. 

In my review of God Knows 
Where and Port Talbot (Decem- 
ber 18) I erroneously ref erre d to 
one of the. interviewees as Roy 
Hudd when it should have been 
Roy Castle: apologies. 



PLG Young Artists Jose Feghali 

Purcell Room .Queen Elizabeth Hall 

The Park Lane Group maintains 
high standards in its recitals of 
twentieth-centuiy music given 
by young musicians, but inevi- 
tably some evenings are more 
blessed than others. Last night's 
was one that was not Misfortune 
struck early in the day when the 
trumpeter Andrew Crowley had 
to withdraw because of Alness, 
which not only removed one 
participant but upset the balance 
of the evening. Itwas exceedingly 
game of David Mason then to 
substitute, at short notice, with 
performances of Webern's Piano 
Variations and Berg’s Sonata. 

The other performer in this 
early part of the programme 
was Oren Marshall, whose own 
misfortune was not illness but 
his instrument: there simply is 
very little for a tuba soloist to 
play. Of course there is a 
Hindemith sonata, and Mr 
Marshall did it very competent- 
ly. But it is a dead thing 
Despite all the attentiveness 
and warm care of Vanessa 
Latanche at the piano, there 'is 
no blending of the instruments 
until the final cadence, nor is 
anything interesting made of 
their disharmony. It is one of 
those Hindemith works that 
appear to have been written in 
a garrulous doze. 

Nor were Mr Marshall's 
efforts to enlarge his repertory 
rewarded with success. A new 
piece by a fellow alumnus of the 
Royal College, Robert Harvey, 
plumbed the depths of the 
instrument in search of multi- 
phonics, which proved to have 
unfortunately flatulent conno- 

The pianist Simon Lebens 
also offered something new: 
Javier Alvarez’s Lux Caterpil- 
lar, with computer-generated 
sounds on tape. To use these 
recitals to bring forward new 
music is an admirable idea, but 
it was unfortunate that the 
piano was cast so much in the 
role of junior partner here, and 
unfortunate too that the repro- 
duced sounds were ear-stinging 

The most encouraging per- 
formances of the evening came 
from the violinist Rebecca 
Hirsch and her accompanist 
Stephen Gutman. Miss Hirsch 
was praised on this page 
yesterday as a member of the 
Lisney Trio; here as a solist she 
displayed a big tone, a firm and 
serious commitment to what 
she was playing, and a strong 
feeling for musical phrasing 

The young Brazilian pianist 
who fast year won one of the 
world's richest music compe- 
titions - the Van Gtiburo in 
Texas - is no stranger to 
London. Josfi Feghali studied at 
the Royal Academy of Music 
and carried off several British 
prizes before taking Fort Worth 
by storm. 

So British music-lovers will 
watch his future career with 
special interest Those who 
attended this rather clinically 
delivered recital may now be 
speculating whether FeghalTs 
darzling success in the competi- 
tive arena will prove as 
beneficial to his musical devel- 
opment as it undoubtedly will 
to his financial wellbeing 

The almost boundless capa- 
bility of his technique is not in 
dispute. One needed only to 
bear his driving propulsion of 
the octave runs at the climax to 
the Chopin F minor Fantaisie, 
the perfectly weighted satto voce 
timbre he displayed in the 
slower movements of Schu- 
mann’s Camaval or his muscu- 
lar and tightly controlled chord- 
ing in the same work’s fiiml* to 
be sure of that. 

What is more worrying is his 
present inability to communi- 
cate deeper thoughts than those 
expressed by a continuous 
parade of heightened expression 
marks, sharp contrasts and 
insouriantly articulate phrasing 
Moments of introspection, like 
the Fanfcaisie’s quiet middle 
section, seem in his hands to 
touch on shallow emotions 
only. Perhaps a couple more 
years sheltered from the inter- 
national limelight might just 
have tipped the balance towards 
interpretative maturity. 

There is, nevertheless, so 
much to admire. The pleasure 
of bearing a Brazilian playing 
Brazilian music - Villa-Lobos’ sj 
Bachianas Brasileiras No 4 - 
was intensified because this 
music suits Feghali’ s hard-i 
edged, glittering timbre weJL 
The untamed savagery he 
found, for instanr**, in the 
“Canto do Sertao” did not 
prevent individual lines from 
bring delineated with startling 
clarity. And his opening piece, 
Haydn's Sonata in E- flat, 
though its dynamic changes 
were sometimes exaggerated to 
the point of caricature, was 
well-pointed and nimbly de- 

Paul Griffiths Richard Morrison 



“Glamour, guts, love, and danger”, as the 
BBC press hand-out sensationally puls it, 
are the key ingredients of the serial which 
begins its eight- week run tomorrow. At a 
pinch, that could probably be used to 
de sc ribe anything from Blue Peter to' The 
Terry Wogan Show, except here ft describes 
Bluebell. It is the story of dancer Margaret 
Kelly who, from appropriatdyhumble 
beginnings as a member of “The Hot 
Jocks”, a seedy Scottish variety, show that 
(toured draughty village . halls offering “a 
tune a dance and a barrel o ’laughs”, 
went on to achieve feme, and presumably 
fortune, as the self-styled “Miss Bluebell”, 
founder of the Bluebell Girls, stars of the 
Folies Bergfcrc. 

Like all the best fairy tales. Bluebell tells 
a true story, and was made, as the series’ 
director Moira Armstrong explains, with 
the full co-operation of Miss Bluebell 
herself who, at 74, is still busily directing 
her troupe. “She’s as spry as anything, as 
our choreographer for the series, Anthony 
Van Laast, discovered when he met. her to 
ask about the dancing they did in the 
1 930s. She was demonstrating the steps and 
all of a sudden she hitched up her sldrt and 
did the splits. I think she’s going to go on 
until she drops, and there’s no sign of that 
being about to happen.” 

Such assistance was dearly invaluable, 
for Bluebell features many recreations of 
the famous Folies Bergfcre revues of the 
1930s and 1940s, and uses more than 60 
dancers to do iL “We were lucky enough to 
discover quite a lot of very useful archive 1 
material as welL The ‘Chairs’ routine in the 
first episode is a recreation of something 
we found on an old film- It’s an odd dance, 
and seems to suggest that in those days 
men must have been really bottom-fixated, 
because a lot of the routines seem based 
solely around that.” 

The star of the series, Carolyn Pickles, 
got her part not so much on the strength of 
her bottom, as on her acting ability (she 
was recently seen in Lindsay Anderson’s 
well-liked production of The Playboy of the 
Western World), though her “loose” lower 
back was apparently a considerable asset. 

“It was a tough part I was forever being 
amazed by her ability not only to learn all 
her lines, but to memorise all her steps as 
well”, says Moira Armstrong. “She had 

Moira Armstrong 

really only done the usual ballet training 
when she was quite young, but she’s very 
athletic, so die just learnt how to dance.” 

Bluebell is something of a departure for 
Moira Armstrong as wdJ. Her last directing 
assignment was the BBCs six part series, 
Freud. “After doing something as heavy as 
that, it was an attractive prospect to do 
something totally different, and doubly 
appealing to do a series which was as close 
to a musical as Fve so far been able to get. 
Td never even done dance sequences 
before.” She does seem to have done 
almost everything else though, and that 
includes Testament of Youth. 

“Up until that time people in the 
business knew me I suppose - or at least 
they said they did - but the popularity of 
Testament certainly brought wider recog- 
nition to a lot of those who were involved 
with it.” 

With the exception of a grandmother 
who was reputed to recite chunks of 
Robbie Burns at any and every oppor- 
tunity, Moira Armstrong came from a 
family with no theatrical connections. Born 
and brought up in Aberdeen, die attended 
university in Edinburgh before working as 
a stage manager with the Perth Repertory 
Company, joining BBC radio, and then 

settling for television and a directing course 

in l9u V . . . 

Since then, she has worked consistently 
as a director on numerous plays and drama 
series, not only for the BBC, but also for 
Granada, YTV, and Thames." Her list or 
credits includes Quiet as a Nun, Tlic Girls 
of Slender Means, and episodes of Hazel 
and The Onedin Line. She was also the first 
woman to direct an episode of Z-Cars. 
which caused quite a fuss at the time. “It 
was considered a very macho series, and 
therefore an odd thing for a woman to 

“That was the first time I became 
conscious of being a so-called woman 
director. I think it’s only in the last few 
years that it has become an issue, and it 
doesn't feel as if it's been a significant 
aspect of my career. I certainly don't 
particularly choose to direct drama which 
concentrates on women. I'm more 
concerned simply to find good scripts.” 

The next good script, written by Peter 
Ransley, \s Inside Story, an everyday tale of 
the wheeling and dealing of the newspaper 
world, which Moira Armstrong will direct 
for Anglia Television. 



Cast adrift on waves of hot air 

Well, after all the brouhaha, it 
was more like Plomleyson than 
Parkinson, wasn’t it? Maybe 
there is some rapier work to 
come - the wretched victim 
raining drops of sweat on to his 
choice of discs as he dodges his 
tormentor’s blade, but the first 
edition of the new style Desert 
T«iand Discs (Radio 4, Sunday, 
repeated Friday; producer 
Derek Drescher) was near 
enough in the tradition of the 
old. Nothing the first castaway, 
Alan Parker, said would have 
been unthinkable under Plotn- 
ley. We were assured in The 
Times last Saturday that when 
Bruce Oldfield’s marooning 
comes along there will be sweat 
and blood. But, on the basis of 
recent past performance in 
other areas of radio, perhaps we 
should not absolutely, count on 
Michael Parkinson as the 
Torquemada of the ‘palm- 
fringed shore. 

Certainly when he did Pick of 
the Week a while back his 
choice was different from 
Margaret Howard’s and his 

presentation more acerbic. Both 
were welcome. But his excur- 
sions into the archives last 
au tumn added nothing to his 
material, much of which badly 
needed all the support it could 
get The impression was that he 
had not bothered very much. 

We are told that he will 
not be following Roy Plomley*s 
example of the explora- 
tory lunch. I would have 
thought that, if Mr Parkinson 
aims to be more hard-hitting 
than his predecessor,, then he 
ought to be sure he is standing 
on even firmer ground. Mind 
you. I shall not necessarily 
applaud him if he does: the 
resolutely non-adversarial style 
of Desert Island Dists has 
always been its hallmark and 
what a blessed relief that has 
been from the obligation felt by 
interviewers in so many other 
spheres of broadcasting to 
behave like frustrated detective- 
sergeants faced with some 
peculiarly recalcitrant witness. 

It has otherwise been a week* 
in which various people, dead. 

alive and fictitious, have been 
heard trying strenuously to 
divert the general drift of their 
fate. The most heartening was 
Evelyn Glennie, very much 
alive, who in The Glennie 
Determination (Radio "4. Tues- 
day; producer Ann Tennant) 
told Antony Hopkins how she 
had overc om e .total deafness 
from, childhood to graduate 
from the Royal Academy of 
Music as a percussionist of huge 
talent and indeed one of its very 
best students. She feels the 
music with her body: bass notes 
downward from the hips, high 
notes in the cheekbones and the 
hair. Illustrations of her per- 
formanceswere electrifying. 

The manifold eccentricities 
of an authenticated genius were 
the subject of Glenn Gould: 
Concert Drop-out (Radio 4. 
Sunday, repeated Friday; pro- 
ducer Ray Abbott). Got 
early retirement from 
concert platform was prompted 
by a wish to exert more control 
over his playing. Apart from the 

ill-natured inclination of con- 
certgoers to hope that you will 
make a mistake, the trouble 
with playing in public, wc 
.learnt, is its unavoidable .“non- 
Take-Two-ness”, although 
Gould of all "recording artists 
truly needed, retakes less than 
most - except of course in tils 
own estimation. Yet this amaz- 
ingly odd and broadly gifted 
man could never exercise 
enough control to slop bimscli 
from singing along with his ov. n 
playing. Even more ironically, 
his intended second retiremem 
at the age of 50 from music and 
into film-making was conclus- 
ively prevented by fate in the 
shape of a fatal stroke soon after 
his fiftieth birthday. 

On Radio 4 next Wednesday 
Fritz Spiegi presents the second 
of his attractive series. Wives of 
the Great Composers (producer 
Piers Burton-Page). “Next 
week”, it was announced, “he 
gets down to business with Mrs 

David Wade 


Sensational Designer 
Furs At Factory Prices. 

This Sunday Cyril Kaye invite you to one of the greatest January 
Sales of all time. 

For One Day Only, you will experience some of the most 
sensational designer furs to be found in this country. At some of 
the mosr unbeatable prices. 

At 9 a-m. this Sunday the doors of the Crystal Room in the 
May Fair Hotel will open to reveal the entire Cyril Kaye Collection. 
You can try on as many truly beautiful designs, as you wish. 

You may be spoilt for choice, Cyril Kaye -is one of the country's 
foremost. furriers and suppliers to the leading Department & Retail 
stores; and they have literally hundreds of fabulous fins available in 
all sizes, every one of them folly guaranteed 
Start the New Year in style and treat yourself or someone dose to 
you to the sheer luxury of a real for. 

At these prices you will never have a better opportunity. 


FOX JACKETS £299 £79 





RED FOX JACKETS £995 £199 


COYOTE JACKETS £1095 £249 

MINK JACKETS £1195 £275 








One Day Only, Sunday 12th Jan. 

In The Crystal Room at The MAY FAIR HOTEL, 
Stratton Street, London Wl (Entrance in. Berkeley Street) 

Cyril Kaye 





fit COMPANY fE» 1920 


9 a.m. to 6 p.m. 

For further Inlumuuioa telephone 
01-253 2252 / 01-251 0509 

Overseas buyers VAT refundable on Export Orders - - - — - - A<X£SS/VlSAlAMEXiVINEBS CARDS & PERSONAL 































r Boe 

^ • F V-rf t 

- Bor 
. Bor- 

- sns 

.1 BP 
. Bun 
' ‘ Can 
* Can 
’ Cae. 
i Cad 
j Chi 
■ Cha 

. O’* 

_ • Chn 
’ Clar 
4 Cak 
' CS£ 
1 Con 


• CPC 

■ cm 
i Dan 
. Duo 



; »o* 

‘ Dm 
: Orel 
1 Duk> 

• Du F 

• East 

• East 


































01 - 6 ! 



Rl 1 









2nd S 
T wd* 

131. F 













a am 
031 -K 


pm i 



































01 -B 







Simon Barnes 

Twist and 


A new swimming stroke has been 
perfected, and Michael Juteau of 
Montreal has decided that the flip- 
butterfly is what the work! has long 
been waiting for. He has been telling 
the National Swimming Federation 
all about it, and it is a stroke that 
needs a good deal of telling. Flip- 
butterfly swimmers make a back- 
stroke start, but come up to the 

surface sideways. They extend, both 

arms overhead while undulating 
their bodies. After digging their 
hands through the water they come 
to the difficult bit: they turn 180 
degrees before repeating the stroke. 
“Swimmers will probably fed some 
dizziness at first.'* said Juteau. So 
will national swimming federations. 

Cricket padding 

Mike Catting has won the winter 
championship of the England cricket 
party that travels to the West Indies 
»n a fortnight. He reported for duty 
i his week a brilliant 30 pounds 
overweight. A gallant attempt to 
defeat the long term favourite 
Gatting came from John Emburey, 
who managed a creditable 22 
pounds overweight But there was 
no taking the championship from 
halting. “He guards the cheese and 
tickle sandwich the way a lion 
.uards a fresh kill." his England 
olleague Phil Edmonds once 

5 Riled 

The extraordinary’ Cup Winners 
'up tie between the Multipart 
League club Bangor City and 
Aiietico Madrid was a wonderful 
iceasion. and their young forward, 
Vivien Williams, played out of his 
•kin throughout - so much so that 
Mieiico Madrid wanted to buy him 
md lake him back to Spain. Since 
hen. however. Williams has fellen 
mi with Bangor, and has now 
igreed to a new and different 
ransfer to Rhyl, another Multipart 
League club. 

0 The trouble with linking race- 
horse names with a common theme 
;s that associations tend to get 
strained. Stanley Mark land has four 
horses in framing with Ginger 
McCain: they are called Jnst A 
Halt Quick Halt Another Half and, 
bizarrely. Isle of Half. 


When the snow folk in January, you 
know that the world's oldest 
imateur golf tournament, the 
President’s Putter, must have 
■darted. "We are hoping for better 
weather than last year,” said Peter 
Souster, the organizing secretary, as 
ihe competition for Oxford and 
Cambridge golfing Blues was about 
to start. One might have thought 
that summer would be a better time 
for the competition, but Souster 
insisted: "Playing in January is part 
of the tournament’s character. Last 
year we had people with brooms to 
sweep off the greens.” 


Robert Fisk on an unreal quarrel aggravated by words 


A duster of d e str oy er s and frigates 
were tied up yesterday just inside the 
breakwater of Tripoli harbour, 
sheltering from the grey storm. At a 
small neighbouring jetty lay a long 
submarine, its square conning-tower 
curiously antiquated. Every few 
hours, a MiG-23 flew through the 
clouds. Libya, so its people have 
been told, is preparing to resist an 
American-kradi invasion. 

A smart tittle Soviet Purga class 
boat, weighed down with equip- 
ment, had come butting bade to 
harbour on Thursday after watching 
the American Navy all day. Perhaps 
its Russian crew had heard what 
Anatoly Gromyko, son of the Soviet 
president, had jnst said about how 
"the cheap gendarme of the 
capitalist world” was "threatening 
state terrorism against Libya”; 
perhaps they even believed it 

The trouble with the latest crisis 
in the Mediterranean, however, is 
that it defies credibility almost as 
mush as Colonel Gadaffi's supposed 
Ruritarias state defies definition. 
President Reagan says the Libyan 
leader is “flakey”: "that means 
somebody whose brain is not 
working very well”, an American 
correspondent politely explained to 
the colonel on Thursday - while 
Gadaffi vouchsafed the belief that 
Reagan was suffering from senile 

The Arab world is still at a loss to 
understand what it regards as 
Reagan's obsession with Libya; it is 
equally at a loss -as are seven West 
European nations - to comprehend 
the seriousness with which Gadaffi 
is taken in America. At any other 
time, it has to be said, the world 
would not pay much attention to the 
leader of only 3 million people with 
food shortages and declining oil 

Gadaffi himself provided part of 
the answer this week when he 
conceded to me that his own 
personal prestige may have been 
increased by Reagan’s attentions. 
When superpowers threaten small 
nations, they bestow an importance 
on their enemies often out of all 
proportion to their real standing in 
the world. 

In any other region and any other 
circumstances, Libya would be 
regarded as a curio, a combination 
of persona] socialism, Islamic 
fundamentalism and egotistical 
power, in which material wealth has 
been bestowed generously among its 
people, but at the cost of any real 
political freedom. The philosophical 
m usings of its leader might be a 
focus for academic research were it 
not for their almost Maoist ubiquity. 

How is one to explain the scene 
outside Gadaffi's own palace, where 
the huge concrete security blocks 
erected to deter car-bombers are 
painted dark green and inscribed 
with the words; “No democracy 
without popular congresses”? It is as 
if the US Marines who arrived in 
Beirut in 1982 had painted “Written 
constitutions are best” on the walls 
of their bunkers. 

Yet despite this unique, mind- 
numbing quality, the crisis is all 
rather familiar. In Beirut seven 
months ago Nabih Bern, the Shia 
Muslim leader, was threatening to 

directed against Libyan dissidents, 
have shown no enthusiasm for self- 
immolation, was not mentioned. 

Words, in feet, are what the 
• Libyans prefer in front of foe 
cameras. American Broad- 
casting Corporation crew filmed 
Soviet-made jets over Tripoli and a 
submarine and destroyer in Tripoli 

harbour week; their news tape 
~ t foe 

was sent out by satellite. But 
Libyans pulled the plug when the 
Columbia Broadcasting system and 
National Broadcasting Corpo ration 
tamed up with their own reports. 

CBS fHt that ABC was “hyping” the 
ripoli - which 

War of words: Gadaffi addresses foreign correspondents 

War of threats: the USS Coral Sea off Libya 

attack the Sixth Fleet if it ap- 
proached the Lebanese coast. The 
American television networks re- 
ported this in all seriousness, even 
though Bern’s militia was scarcely 
capable of sinking a fishing smack 
With not foe slightest hesitation, the 
White House then saw fit to respond 
with warnings of its own. 

Now it is Gadaffi playing the.role 
of King . Lear, threatening such 
things he knows not, to attack 
European ports if his country is 
invaded, to send suicide bombers 
against his American enemies; 
again, the American television 
companies satellite it all straight- 
foced to New York. 

The US-Libyan crisis is now said 
to be a war of words; in reality, it is 
war by network, indeed, by any 
communications agency, generally 
American, that will broadcast back 
and forth the rhetoric of Washington 
and Tripoli The Libyans are now 
making fun of Reagan's latest 
blunders - of his reference to the 
killings at "Vietnam” airport when . 
he meant Vienna, to UN Resolution 
442 instead of 242, to “Abu Naadel” ' 
rather than Abu NidaL The Ameri- 
cans, for their part, are able to watch 
Gadaffi performing. on a tractor in a J 
barley field, declaring that his Sam-5 . 
anti-aircraft missfle sites are now 
ready for action. 

Indeed, Gadaffi is fast becoming . 
as adept at using television cameras 
as Ayatollah Khomeini was in 1979 
and Bern during the TWA hijack 

last year. All day on Wednesday, the . 
camera crews were kept waiting at 
the Kabir Hotel on the Tripoli 
waterfront for Gadaffi to give 
another press conference. Word 
came that he was waiting for yet 
more correspondents to arrive; only 
on Thursday did he consider that he 
had an audience big' enough to 
justify his appearance. 

The routine may neither lessen 
nor heighten a crisis; but it should be 
recognized for whatv it is. There was 
a kind of weariness about the 
American oil worker in Libya who 
this week, after 17 years residence, 
announced his determination to stay 
on. "These two guys (Reagan and 
Gadaffi) are always going after each 
other like two little kids in .a, 
schoolyard, bawling and yelling”, he 
said. "But when you television guys 
leave, it will all be over”. 

it is not that the television 
correspondents are unwilling to 
analyse the crisis; the problem is 
that in a 50-second news slot they 
simply do not have the time. Thus 
one American network on Thursday 
reported Gadaffi’s threat against 
Western Europe without comment 
while an American - news- agency 
blandly led its file from Tripoli with 
an assertion by the Libyans that they 
were training suicide bombers. The 
fact that there nevpr has been a 
Libyan suicide bomber, that Gadaffi 
prefers. Palestinians to stage attacks, 
against Americans and Israelis, and. 
that his own -assassination squads. 

mili tary activity in Tri r 

does not, in feet, appear to be more 
dramatic than before foe crisis. But a 
- Libyan censor has now. been 
installed in the satellite station to 
ensure that not too much reality gets 
oh foe air. 

Thus when CBS reported on 
Wednesday, accurately, that Tripoli 
airport had been mysteriously 
dosed, the censor cut that section 
from the tape. 

The Americans claim that when 
the Libyan forces were put on the 
alert a week ago, the pilots were 
frightened of getting lost in foe dark 
.and foe naval 'crews were seasick. 
But if *his is true, hpw can Gadaffi 
really be, as Reagan describes him, 
the greatest enemy of foe free world? 

. While he appears to regret the 
massacres at Rome and Vienna 
, airports, Gadaffi does indeed, train 
Palestinians and be . does indeed 
fund, and sometimes arm, IsraeTs 
enemies. Abu Nidal, whom foe 
Americans say was behind . foe 
airport murders, has been visiting 
Libya every two weeks since early 
November, staying quite openly at 
the Kabir Hotel. When last seen by 
reporters, he passed foe time by 
claiming that he had secretly 
travelled to America for surgery on a 
false Saudi passport; opening his 
shirt to show his hospital scars. 

Gadaffi is defensive about his 
association with such men, whose 
totally unpolitical, utterly ruthless 
.behaviour perhaps appeals to a 
’leader who has no other way to force 
the outside world to take him 
seriously. Abu Nidal does indeed 
use a military base in the desert 
south of Tripoli - though it is 
currently disused, just in case the 
Israelis try to attack it - and 
Gadaffi's record of support for 
gunmen and revolutionaries has 
been catalogued over a long period. 
Back in the 1970s, it will be 
remembered, he was clumsily 
sending weapons by sea to the IRA. 

The real unanswered questions, 
however, concern Libya itself 
Gadaffi talks about the Palestinian 
cause. But what is foe Libyan cause? 
Are Libyans really ready to die in 
suicide squads - or only in words? 
Equally, will Reagan really enforce 
economic sanctions and imprison 
any American citizens who stay in 
Libya? Or will he forget foe issue 
when another, crisis comes along to 
distract his interest? 

Gadaffi, it should be said, 
probably knows the answers to some 
of these questions. In the meantime, 
he will go on projecting himself and 
his country as the backbone of Arab 
opposition to Israel With Reagan's 
help he may even succeed. 

Ian Bradley: how we are cutting ourselves off from our roots 

Political goal 

Pele, the retired Brazilian footballing 
master, is keen to enter politics, and 
is an admirer of Ronald Reagan. 
Pele states bis political position as 
“centre-right”, but he has not 
actually joined any political party. "I 
haven't found one that deserves my 
efforts,” he said. Since leaving 
football, he has become a successful 
businessman and actor, and says his 
ambition is to be the first black 
president of Brazil. 


I hear of a historic challenge match 
in ihe sport of tiddly-winks in which 
Prince Philip was represented by 
The Goons in a challenge match 
against Cambridge University in 
1958. The players were the three 
Goons plus Ray Gallon, Alan 
Simpson, Max Geldray, Eric Sykes 
and Graham Stark. Two large 
Guardsmen delivered a keg of ale to 
the team with the compliments of 
the Prince to assist their practice, 
but Spike Milligan sent it straight 
back, requesting burgundy. It never 
arrived, however. 

"Even in those days, chairmen 
were out of touch with their 
players," said Alan Simpson, and as 
president of mighty Hampton of foe 
Vauxhall-Opel League, be knows 
what he is talking about. The 
university triumphed in the match, 
but the Goons squad were all 
presented with Cambridge Tiddly- 
winks Club ties: "Wink Cup with 
two squidges rampant on a back- 
ground of light.” Simpson recalls 
that the match took place with 
virtually no hooliganism, apart from 
an attempt to kidnap Harry 


'As an ex-Tory minister, how 

do yoa me Hesdtine’s 
chances as future leader? 1 

Don’t close the book on history 

Is history in danger of going foe 
same way as classics, ceasing to be 
the common currency of civilized 
mankind and foe source from which 
ideas and examples are quarried? 

At first sight, this might seem a 
strange question. History is still a 
popular subject at both A level and 
university; Sir Keith Joseph has 
given foe study of history his 
blessing as a central feature in the 
school curriculum; television pro- 
grammes such as Timewatch attract 
significant audiences and there' is a 
wide readership for the lively and 
well-presented monthly magazine. 
History Today. 

Yet how many academics, how 
many professional historians even, 
would dare to make foe confident 
affirmation made in the first issue of 
the English Historical Review, which 
appeared exactly a hundred years 
ago this month, that "history is the 
central study among human studies, 
capable of illuminating and enrich- 
ing the rest”? 

At schools and in universities 
history seems to be on the defensive, 
even in retreat, in a way that was not 
true 20 years ago. At primary level, 
and to some extent at secondary 
level too, foe subject is being 
relegated to the status of a 
component in integrated humanities 
or combined social studies courses 
and losing its integrity and identity. 

Those bright and intellectually 
inquisitive minds once found in' the 
classical sixth form and which in the 
1960s and 1970s tended to gather in 
foe history sixth are now predomi- 
nantly being applied to the physical 
sciences and the intricacies of 
computing and electronics. In 
universities, history shows signs of 
becoming a subject for the average' 
and moderately able, shunned by the 
brightest in favour of law or some 
other applied course. 

More subtly, but perhaps more 

conscious people, believing this 
might free us from some of the dead 
weight of tradition which has 
impeded our progress in the fast- 
changing world of the 20th century. 
But there is a real danger that if we 
lose our sense of foe past, we will 
also lose our faith in foe future, and 
that far from emancipating our- 
selves from a slavery to all that is 
old, we may end up being much 
more scared of all that lies ahead. 

Indeed, this may already be 
happening. There is perhaps a 
connection between the pessimism 
of the young when they contemplate 
the future and their lack of historical 
perspective and sense of the past. 
Even if history is nothing mare than 
the record of the accumulated, 
crimes and follies of mankind, it 
does at least have a broadly hopeful 
message to convey: the human race 
may have made a mess of a lot of 
things but it has also achieved a 
great deal. One does not have to be a 
blind devotee of the Whig school of 
history to feel that we have done 
more than just muddled through: 

History is full of parables and 
messages for our own age, if not of 
exact parallels and lessons. The great 
-plagues of the Middle Ages have 
some similarities to nuclear missiles 
in terms of their destructive 
capabilities (and even greater simi- 
larities to the present Aids epidemic) 
and yet the human race survived 
and conquered them. The relative 
stability and harmony of Western 
society before industrialization sug- 
gests that life in a future de-indus- 
trialized society might not be as 
grim as we fear. 

There is much consolation to be 
found in the study of history. It is 

both reassurinj' and encouraging to 

strong # _ 

policy and private imaginations. 
Both the political right and the left 
now draw their intellectual strength 
and much of their vocabulary from 
the social sciences - in one case 
from a particularly harsh brand of 
the dismal science of economics and 
in the other from a diluted version 
of Marxist sociology. Nor is there 
much historical perspective to be 
found in the outlook of those in the 
political centre - the accent in both 
the Alliance parties is rather on 
newness and modernity. . 

In certain areas of public life this 
weakening of historical conscious- 
ness has been a marked nature for 
some years and has already pro- 

duced unhappy results. ’Hie brutal 
■ance of 

appearance of many urban areas 

over foe Iasi two or three decades 
owes much to a lack of historical 
awareness and sensitivity on the 
part of architects and planners, 
striving for modernity and -func- 
tionalism in defiance of , foe tra- 
ditional and organic ways in which 
cities have developed. 

There is another, more funda- 
mental respect in which we are 
becoming a less historically-minded - 
society. Many young people are • 
growing up without either an 
interest in or a sense of the past. 
They no longer read historical 
adventures and romances based on 
real characters and episodes. Instead ■ 
they read fantasies set in some 
timeless period or science fiction 
stories set in the future Model 
soldiers have been replaced by 

dungeons and dragons or inter- 
galactic space stations. 

The video boom , has reinforced 
this divorce from the past The 
young are interested in the present 
as it is- interpreted to them through 
the distorting medium of television 
and the larger-than-life novels of 
Jeffery Archer and Jackie Collins, 
They have -some interest in the 
future, although their thoughts on 
foe subject are dominated by the 
dread of nuclear war,' winch many 
regard as a certainty in their lifetime, 
aim by a profound pessimism about 
what the world holds in store for 
them. But about the past they have 
little curiosity at alL 

There are no doubt those who 
would rejoice at foe prospect of the 
British becoming a less historically 

be reminded of the feet that we exist 
in a continuum which extends back 
into the past and forward into foe 
future and not in some disembodied 
and dislocated present. 

But that is not the only, nor even 
the main reason, why it would be 
sad if history lost its central place in 
our culture. It is pre-eminently the 
liberal and humane discipline, its 
subject matter human beings with' 
all their frailties, their idiosyncrades 
and their infinite interest and 

’Hiings tend to loom rather large 
in. our thinking nowadays. The 
dominance of foe physical sciences 
and the materialism of the mass- 
media and the consumer society 
encourage us to revere objects rather 
than people. The study of history, 
with its stress on humanity, can help 
to right this imbalance. It can also be 
great fun. 


Patrick Jenkin 

vfrr.T • m 
'£ 7 

It i, not difficult fer a magg 

to imagine how uncom&rtaoicit nas 

UWIT- 1 ~ m _ !■ 

been in tlw Gfomet in foe laa few 

is fiercely* 

odds with the majority ot 
colleagues, that 

it be-' 

^'foe'ghostat MgPf£>i 
cannot put it out of rmnd. “ » 
always that ..Routure < » 

are conducted in anatmp^ho«« 

growing unrealityrofoer 
Sues seem like irrelevant 
diversions. Government canrart 
function properiy m 
stanoes. The prune junto*'- 
always difficult, becomes near- 

^ftifihis, as much as any of the 
more conventional explanations 
proffered by students of our 
constitution, which makes the 
doctrine of collective cabinet re- 
sponsibility so vital . . ... , 

Such breakdowns of business an 
not occur only when, as with 
Westland, the row is pubhe. In one 
sense, die feet that the controversy w 
being conducted in public, although 
deeply embarassing, helps to keep it 
in the real world of informed 
opinion. But breakdown can also 
happen when the dispute has not 

leaked out. . . _ . 

In such cases paralysis may he 
held at bay so long as the dispute is 
open for further discussion; if it can 
go, for jT i T tanrw . from a deadlocked 
cabinet committee to a smaller 
meeting chaired by the primp 
minister, or from tint meeting to- 
full Cabinet. • 

But when even the Cabinet rails to 
resolve the issue; the m ac hin ery o f 
government ceases to work pr operly . 
Meetings, even important, urgent 
meetin g s , are postponed. Ministers 
go back to their departments unable - 
to concentrate on their boxes. One 
becomes distrait, trying to guess 
what wiD happen. 

Those ministers in. the know- 
become an enclosed community, 
unable to confide their feats outride 
their circle for fear of a public tow, 
maintaining a facade that all is. well, 
business as usual. But it is not, and it 
colours everything they do. 

Mercifully, at least while I was in 
the Cabinet, such disputes were very 

In foe last- resort, .the fcw 
Minister has to decide, and she 
needs to know shehas ofeot trfw 
Cabinet rolksagnes bcitiati hc& Sh* *. 
wiB collect the voices, the Secretary * 

to the Cabinet wffike^i a ttllyoftid . V s : 

numbers; a. dear majority may ~ 
may not emerge. If if does, that «- • 

Thatcher le ad s from the -firing 
when foe majoritt has iq?okeiL Ai~;;^ ' ' 
will be forceful, even rutfcfes*, '* . , 

wheeling the minority info &».>'. , 

All of ns who have saved injjgr : . 

cabinets have at one time oranofecr 

faced foe formidable strength of Ifer 

paaxmality-evenli»wima,^Bi5i Cr 
determination to make -sure. ^foat- 
dedrions are reached and are ' 
implemented. (I would add that me 
of the pleasures ofwbriring with her 
was that even after- one had won the l - 
■ argument and sire had lost, the next - 
time one met her all wax forgotte n -' 
and forgiven). 

• If this is how it should weak, and 
almost always does, why did it hot 1 
work’ with Michael Heseftme and 

. the Westland afflux? rfew people fee ' 
the basic issne as of such i mp or tance - 
that it should provoke a ministerial 
resignation. The r es c ue and con-. 
struetkm (without public money)’ of. 
a med rum-sized company in trouble 
should riot come mto tnar rfa-g. Two 
questions need to be asked: •' - 

• Were the opportunities for 
discussion and . resolution inad- 
equate? It hardlyseefos so; although 
Hesdtrae did at' one point suggest 
that, feb-not borne ant by others. 

• Did Mrs Thaichei's presaire thia . 
time provoke a revolt raf&er than 
quell it? Perhaps, ' but 'only if foe 
revolt was already nearly inevitable 

7 This has fed some to fey that 
Hc s rif mtrwas makinga. calculated 
bid for the future leadership of thr 
Tory ^jarty. I find that impossible to 
befiewe. Nobody in iris senses, could 
seriously imagine t(n*T flrvunfp w a 

in a flay could' ever, enhance his . 
chance of winning the support of. 
rank-and-file MPs who have; b eoi . 
increarin^y^ upset by the rdw;.' 

So ft jemafos'a sad and pbzzBsg 
mystery. My own view -and rhave " 
known and admired MichaeL Bfoel- 

tihe for nearly a quarter of a century' - 

rare. Although collective decisions - — |j that wfaat. started- as a genuine - 

must bie reached on many conten- 
tious issues, 1 the system is - designed 
to enable a consensus to be reached. 

A good cabinet committee chair- 
man can .steer an issue away from 
shoals ahead Reginald Maudling, 
Robert Carr, Willie White law have 
all, in their time, done this -with 
great skill. A determined minister 
can be given several opportunities to 
push bis case, but eventually can be 
led to realize that he is not going to 
win over a majority of his- 
colleagues. Often a. compromise is 
reached which satisfies /honour aS 

and proper concern to promote a 
European defence capability (some* 
thing that, many of u?,. would; ' 
support) - became an erbiotionri' 1 
crusade, and in 'the 1 'grip; of such ' 
feelings people will do funny things. 

. It has cost him his job-T hope it has * 

. not cost him his career. 1 ' 

For the rest of the Cabinet foe, 

ghost win have* left' the- banquet 

formal service null be resumed. 

The author. Conservative AfP for- 
Wanstead _ and !: Woodford, . was 
Environment' Secretary from June 
1 983 to September 1985. . 

John O’SuUivan^ 

New York 

How will we look back on President 
Reagan's response this week, to 
Colonel Gadaffi's long involvement 
in terrorism? Again, as at' the time of 
the TWA hijacking, he seems to 
have; taken a cautious line; resisting 
the proposals for military action 
pressed upon him. More economic 
sanctions were the mildest policy he 
could safely advance in the prevail- 
ing mood of American moral 

- It is significant, indeed, that he is 
not receiving quite as much praise 
.from liberal commentators for his 
“restraint" and “maturity” as on the 
occasion of the Beirut homage crisis. 
However hawkish he may still 
sound to European ears, he is now to 
foe left of US opinion on what to do 
about Gadaffi. If economic sanc- 
tions have little impact, as is widely 
predicted, it is generally agreed that 
pressure will build up for a military 

_ - Is that what he really hopes for? 
One school of thought argues that 
Reagan is relying on public frus- 
tration with the failure of sanctions 
to force him to "take out” Libya’s 
missile defence installations.- His use 
of force would then exyoy greater 
public support than if -be had 
seemed to want it from the first 

The theory may be immensely 
shrewd or it may be wishful thinking 
by frustrated hawks. We shall know 
only as events unfold. In. the 
meantime, we must take foe Reagan 
anti-terrorism policy of harsh words 
and timid action at face value. What 
is the reasoning behind it? 

At different tunes (and sometimes 
at the same tune), Reagan ha* 
advanced two different, even incom- 
patible, analyses of terrorism. The 
first is that it is an act of war; the 
second that it is a form of criminal 
activity. But whenever analysis has 
turned into policy, it is the 
criminality theory that has pre- 
vailed. Reagan made this dear when 
he addressed the American Bar 
Association not long after the Beirut 
hostage crisis: "We must act against 
foe criminal menace of terrorism 
with the full weight of the law - 
bath domestic and interna tionaL 
We win act to indict, apprehend 
and ■ prosecute those who commit 
atrocities....'* • 

A number of flaws arise from 
treating -terrorism as primarily 
criminal. In the first place, it leads to 
a legalistic emphasis on apprehend- 
ing individual terrorists who can be 
shown to be guilty of specific crimes. 
The four- terrorists involved in the 

identifiable people accused v . 
murdering Leon Kiinghoffer before 
witnesses. They could therefore be 
seized. But foe network of terrorist 
organizations which plans and 
carries out such atrocities canno t be 
attacked because there is no judicial 
process for indicting, 
and prosecuting iL - 

• This approach is like responding . 
to an invasion by collecting the 
evidence . to indict individual 
soldiers on charges of grievous ’■ 
bodily harm. Bismkrtk said foxing 
foe Schleswig-Holstein crisis that if 
the .British army landed there, it 
would be arrested by the police: > 
Current policy is exactly that^ 

This leads to : stffi morc / ~absurd 
results when states either permit or - 
‘ actively promote-; terrorism on their 
territory. For instance, . the : US 
Justice Department spent;.much of 
the summer discussing ' whether to 

m to Lebanon’s justice .minister, 
Bern of the Aroat, for the 
extradition of the .-Party of God”, 
terrorists who had cooperated with 
him in the Beirut hostage crisis Not 
' unreasonably, it decidea that little ■ 
would be gamed by doing so. When - 
congressmen asketTwhy they, should . 

, not then be kidnapped, /the State . 
Department’s legal -adviser pointed 
. out that this might bexoptrary to ... 
local kidnapping laws. " 

J - There. 'can be no procure Tor 
'arresting and detaining a criminal. . 
state. Economic - sanctions are 
generally agreed to. be ineffective: 
And the criminal theory of terrorism ; 
tends to niggptt. that milkary - 
retaliation against either a terrorist 
organization -on the state that 
harbours it is by .definition excessive 
- indeed is itself a form of terroian? r 
it does so by Hujiing' the important 
distinction between terrorist: actions 
which aim at . civilian tfwiihji and 
those against legitimate niulitaxy L 
targets but which ‘inevitably risk 
civilian casualties in the process. v ~ 

The net effect is'thar the^West 
ends up looking High- minded: afad 
thorougly ineffectual in feco' of life 
thugs who threatened it i • 

. It does not sefcm too fanciful -to - ’• 
detect the same- moral .disease In •' 
.some of the ex planati ons erf*' the 
“causes” of terrorism. . -The ' only - 
-cause of terrorism, is the terrorist; it. 
is -he who plaints' the bomb or 
explodes the grenade, not some 
abstraction like' .’“Fifty years of 
Unionist - misrule” or “The rights Of 
the Palestinian people.” His attach- 
ment to any snob -cause,- however 
just it might be, caiuiot justify WTli ng 
innocent bystanders. Afid to cxplaittr 
for instance, Arab terrorism as the ' 
result of ‘frustration at - Westefh 
■ support for Israel ii' subtly - to mate' 
excuses for ft. . - - .1 * -. 

When : retaliation for terrorist 
atrocities is sugge$£d, ft is argded 
. that this ' could only . set off a -“cycle . 
of violence." But fof ctperi e hce.of 
foe Vienna and atrodtics^ in . 

countries which had . been afinosi ’ 
cravenly pro-Pakstinran (foe Italian 
governmaot someyevs ago released" . 
terrorists detained When tiying to : 
shoot down ah aidfisep wftfr - a r 
rocket) suggests thmt terrorism is"at' ; ' 
.least as likely -to be: attracted' fry 
impOteice.. * ; , '■ A- 

. In which case we shall be’saemga : 

' lot more of it. 


IV s 

\ XI 


nj: :. 

K . 


•-A . 


' 7 


' “l" 

>. - • 


■ -K • ■ 1 ■ 

^-: k ‘ • 

■&V- ■ 
-Il?> - 



•f. : v ; 

Li \ 0 0 




Television: Mark Lawson assesses the form of Grange Hill : Simon Banner interviews Moira Armstrong, 
director of tomorrow’s new BBC 1 series Bluebell: Carlo Gebler reviews last night’s programmes 

A fine impression of lusciousness by Nans ha ba Khan 


The Little Clay Cart 


Translations from the Sanskrit 
are far from common on the 
London stage. Generally con- 
cerned with the mighty deeds of 
gods, there is one ’ splendid 
exception, chosen by Tara Arts 
Group to open this Third Black 
Theatre Season. 

A unbilled to King Shudraka. 
a shadowy figure of the Sth 
century AD, ihcre is not an 
immortal in the casL Nor a 
wonder-working hero. Not even 
a miracle, if you discount the 
happy end that allows the main 
character to marry both the 
women he loves. 

In colourful, witty language 
the play, tells of a handsome but 
impoverished merchant and a 
famous courtesan, “love’s jui- 
ciest dish”. A grotesquely 
villainous brother-in-law to the 
king' interferes with their joy, 
and their paths are criss-crossed 
by an unexpectedly rich variety 

of eccentrics. A thief who breaks 
into houses according to a book 
of rules, a masseuse who 
renounces her passion for 
gambling to become a Buddhist 
monk, daft soldiers, nervous 
lawyers, a proverb-quoting 
Brahmin down on his uppers. 

U is a pity wc know nothing 
about the author to help us 
understand how he could break 
the mould of India’s traditional 
drama to come up with this 
compound of jokey romance, 
social criticism (a peasant leads 
a revolution and kills the king) 
and low farce. 

Production and performances 
arc not yet all they should be, 
even allowing for this West- 
erner’s unfamiliaritv with some 

of the effects aimed for. The 
framing commentary is the 
weakest area, where’ wife and 
villain step a little way out of 
their parts in the story to poinr 
to the issues involved. I cannot 
say if this framework appears in 
ihe original but the conclusion 
is clearly modern. The question 
whether enemies should be 
forgiven in times of social stress 
is left uneasily unresolved - 
though I daresay it supplies a 
talking-point for audiences up 
and down the country before 
whom the Tara Arts Group 
performs its repertoire. 

The company here consist of 
eight players and two musicians 
fsitar and labia). Music ac- 
companies many of the inci- 
dents, attractively building 
suspense and occasionally doing 
duly for props. The clay cart 
itself is the one visible prop, a 
toy belonging to the hero's son. 
But all ihe boy’s friends have 
gold carts and he wants one too. 
This is the sole, brief reference 
to the cart, and for that reason it 
spreads a curiously reverberat- 
ing power over the remainder of 
the story. Desires bring discon- 
tent yet good peasants should 
replace bad kings. 

There is a fine impression of 
lusciousness by Naushaba Khan 
and the decent young hero is 
pleasantly played by Ayub 
Khan Din. But the most 
enjoyabfy comic performance is 
given by Nizwar Karanj as the 
hopelessly poor and timid 
Brahmin. With a rapid delivery' 
of his dotty lines, deadpan 
delivery of insults and his 
permanently aghast moon-face, 
this is an irresistibly comical 

Jeremy Kingston 


“A Him of artistry and originality 
...superbly played"^ ukunph 





■hr -a*#*! I -rwd 



Wnii fn k. 



Diri. Ir< l- 

mic Hail ignatjiff 


Ciubjb Street tmflon W1 01-498 037 Rtra « liBpni |c« 8u*), «.*. 678. IM 
State al MSB 



Prices are racing ahead 

One of EDWARD LEAR 'S ilhtstiutmsfor 
Thomas Bell « Monograph of the Tortoises, 1836-42. 

The prices achieved at Christie’s for illustrated 
books have been rising dramatically during the 
last few years. For example, 
sold at Christie's in April 1983 for 


and again at Christie’s in April 1985 for 

£ 50,000 

- a rise of 92% over two years. Christie’s next sale 
Travel and Natural History Books will be on 16 April 
Closing date for entries is 31 January. 

For further information please contact 
Ha ns Fellner or Sarah Soames. 

King Street, St. James’s, London SW1Y 6QT 
Tel: (01) 839 9060 Telex: 916429 

Perhaps the first children's 
programme id include among 
the credits a “fight arranger'’. 
Grange Hill (a twice-weekly 
serial set in a London compre- 
hensive school | returned this 
week for its 1 2Sth episode since 
its inception in 1 978. 

Outwardly, the format is as 
before: the school thug is 
pushing wire-wool down young 
boys’ blazers: Mr Baxter is short 
of volunteers for the Grange 
Hill swimming team. But in its 
underlying intention, this may 
prove to be the bravest series 

Grange Hill has always had 
didacticism in its satchel - 
previous plot-strands have dealt 
out lessons on racism, menstru- 
ation. dyslexia, acne and sweet- 
talking strangers at the gates - 
but the subject now under 
discussion is heroin addiction. 
Already young Danny Kendall 
is wandering the school, pale 
and dazed, nodding like a 
mascot-dog hung in a car. One 
of the series’ heroes, Samuel 
“21am mo" Maguire, a happy 
chap, looks edgier and talks of 
being short of cash. In the next 
12 weeks, one of the school's 
students will change in person- 
ality from Master Freckles to 
Mr Snide, and addiction will be 

' It is this willingness to tackle 
reality which is the central debit 
or credit, according to taste, of a 
series which has been both 
praised for its authenticity and 
blamed for imitative acts of 
vandalism in schools. Edward 
Bames. the BBCs Head of 
Children’s Programmes, is 
aware of the difficulties. “The 
great horror in my job is that 
anything you do. no matter how 

Constant Hot Water (Central) 
will no doubt have been 
watched on the strength of Pat 
Phoenix (late of Coronation 
Street), who is cast here in the 
role of Phyllis Nugent, landlady 
extraordinaire on the Yorkshire 
riviera. This character, tailor- 
made for the actress, is one of 
those stuck-up. hypocritical, 
self-seeking snobs who - say 
“naice" instead of nice, and 
seems to have stepped right out 
of a seaside postcard. It is 
doubtful if there is or ever was 
anyone alive who even ap- 
proaches Phyllis Nugent’s ghast- 

Constant Hot Water was a 
comedy which did little to 
surprise and less to provoke, 
preferring instead to follow the 
welLwom patterns of situation 
comedies. Coffins and death, 
nanny-like widows who call 
men "little boys” (naturally 
these are men who want to sleep 
with them), lavatories (of 
course) and DIY were the stuff 
of the programme’s humour. 

This was only the first 
episode, but it would seem that 
a potentially good idea with 
good performers is going to go 
the way of the mediocre rather 
than aspiring to anything 

well-meaning, can be used as a 
trigger - even if you're saying 
‘don't do it!’.’* Bui the ap- 
proach io the heroin problem is 
typical of the intelligence and 
responsibility with which 
Grange Hill swims Ihe whirl- 
pool-pitted rivers of childrens' 

Grange Hill is a classy drama 
- a mix of bright writing and 
young actors portraying charac- 
ters close enough to their own 
to attain an easy naturalness - 
but it is. essentially, a set of 
gentle lessons. If ibis educative 
attempt is successful then it is 
instructive that children should 
take more readily to being 
taught by a television serial sex 
in a school than by school itself. 

The fascination of Grange 
Hill's appeal is that millions of 
children, many of them soured 
by their hours in the classroom, 
should, from their entertain- 
ment. crave not escapism but 
familiarity. As the Grange Hill 
children spilled shrilly through 
'the gates again this week, the 
regular viewers were faced with 
the changes a new term must 
bring, and the same sort of thing 
occurred in the schools where 
the audience's own terms had 
begun the day before. 

Grange Hill is ullimalely 
escapist It takes an experience 
through which all of its viewers 
are going or have gone and adds 
to a hefty base of realism a 
frothy top of dreams. The daily 
games of Old v Young and 
Good v Bad are replayed with 
rose-timed results. The tragedy 
is noL as many claim, that our 
schools are like Grange Hill but 
that thev are all too often 

d,frerenl M. L. 

Lovejoy (BBC1). also a new 
scries, takes the old formula of 
the streetwise character, once in 
trouble with the law but more 
or less straight and elevates 
him to the middle classes so 
that he becomes Lovejoy. 
antique dealer. The idea of a 
Dennis Waterman prototype in 
the auction room works well 
and, judging by the first 
episode, the series will offer 
plenty of insight into the ways 
of the antique trade. 

Addiction: How Much is too 
Much? (Channel 4) saw David 
KossofT examining the roots of 
the syndrome with five actors 
who dramatized case-histories 
and a medical expert. Food, 
alcohol and drugs (legal and 
illegal) were the substances in 
question and it was salutary 
that the heroin addict was the 
most lucid, articulate and 
likeable of the victims. This will 
perhaps contradict some of the 
public prejudice about this type 
of addict. 

In my review of God Knows 
Where and Port Talbot (Decem- 
ber 18> I erroneously referred to 
one of the. interviewees as Roy 
Hudd when it should have been 
Rov Castle: apologies. 



PLG Young Artists Jose Feghali 

Queen Elizabeth Hall 

Purcell Room 

The Park Lane Group maintains 
high standards in its recitals of 
twentieth-century music given 
by young musicians, but inevi- 
tably some evenings arc more 
blessed than others. Last night’s 
was one that was not. Misfortune 
struck eariy in the day when the 
trumpeter Andrew Crowley had 
to withdraw because of illness, 
which not only removed one 
participant but upset the balance 
of the evening. 1 1 was exceedingly 
game of David Mason then to 
substitute, at short notice, with 
performances of Webern’s Piano 
Variations and Berg's Sonata. 

The other performer in this 
eariy part of the programme 
was Oren Marshall, whose own 
misfortune was not illness but 
his instrument: there simply is 
very little for a tuba soloist to 
play. Of course there is a 
Hindemith sonata, and Mr 
Marshall did it very competent- 
ly. But it is a dead thing. 
Despite all the attentiveness 
and warm care of Vanessa 
Latarche at the piano, there is 
no blending of the instruments 
until the final cadence, nor is 
anything interesting made of 
their disharmony. It is one of 
those Hindemith works that 
appear to have been written in 
a garrulous doze. 

Nor were Mr Marshall’s 
efforts to enlarge his repertory 
rewarded with success. A new 
piece by a fellow alumnus of the 
Royal College, Robert Harvey, 
plumbed the depths of the 
instrument in search of multi- 
phonics, which proved to have 
unfortunately flatulent conno- 

The pianist Simon Lebens 
also offered something new. 
Javier Alvarez's Luz Caterpil- 
lar. with computer-generated 
sounds on tape. To use these 
recitals to bring forward new 
music is an admirable idea, but 
it was unfortunate that the 
piano was cast so much in the 
role of junior partner here, and 
unfortunate too that the repro- 
duced sounds were ear-stinging. 

The most encouraging per- 
formances of the evening came 
from the violinist Rebecca 
Hirsch and her accompanist 
Stephen Gutman. Miss Hirsch 
was praised on this page 
yesterday as a member of the 
Lisney Trio; here as a solitt she 
displayed a big tone, a firm and 
serious commitment to what 
she was playing, and a strong 
feeling for musical phrasing. 

The young Brazilian pianist 
who last year won one of the 
world’s richest music compe- 
titions - the Van Clibum in 
Texas - is no stranger to 
London. Jose Feghali studied at 
the Royal Academy of Music 
and earned off several British 
prizes before taking Fort Worth 
by storm. 

So British music-lovers will 
watch his future career with 
special interest. Those who 
attended this rather clinically 
delivered recital may now be 
speculating whether Feghali 's 
dazzling success in the competi- 
tive arena will prove as 
beneficial to his musical devel- 
opment as it undoubtedly will 
to his financial wellbeing. 

The almost boundless capa- 
bility of his technique is not in 
dispute. One needed only to 
hear his driving propulsion of 
the octave runs aL the climax to 
the Chopin F minor Fantaisie, 
the perfectly weighted sotto voce 
timbre he displayed in the 
slower movements of Schu- 
mann's Carnaval, or his muscu- 
lar and tightly controlled chortl- 
ing in the same work’s finale, to 
be sure of thaL 

What is more worrying is his 
present inability to communi- 
cate deeper thoughts than those 
expressed by a continuous 
parade of heightened expression 
marks, sharp contrasts and 
insouciamly articulate phrasing. 
Moments of introspection, like 
the Fantaisie’s quiet middle 
section, seem in his hands to 
touch on shallow emotions 
only. Perhaps a couple more 
yeans sheltered from the inter- 
national limelight might just 
have tipped the balance towards 
interpretative maturity. 

There is, nevertheless, so 
much to admire. The pleasure 
of hearing a Brazilian playing 

Brazilian music - Villa-Lobos’s 
Bachianas Brasileiras No 4 - 
was intensified because this 
music suits Fegbali’s hard-; 
edged, glittering timbre well. 
The untamed savagery he 
found, for instance, in foe 
“Canto do Sertao” did not 
prevent individual lines from 
being delineated with startling 
clarity. .And his opening piece, 
Haydn's Sonata in E flat, 
though its dynamic changes 
were sometimes exaggerated to 
the point of caricature, was 
well-pointed and nimbly de- 

Paul Griffiths Richard Morrison 


"Glamour, guts. love, and danger”, as ihe 
BBC press hand-out sensationally puts i*. 
are the key ingredients of the serial which 
begins its eight-week run tomorrow. Ai a 
pinch, that could probably be used ia 
describe anything from Blue Peter to The 
Terry Wogan $kon. except here it describes 
Bluebell. It is the story of dancer Margaret 
Kelly who. from appropriately humble 
beginnings as, a member of "The Ho: 
Jocks”, a seedy Scottish variety show that 
houred draughty village halls offering “a 
tune and a dance and a barrel o'laughs" 
went on to achieve fame, and presumably 
fortune, as the scii-styied "Miss Bluebell”, 
founder of the Bluebell Girls, stars of the 
Folies Bergere. 

Like all the best fairy tales. Bluebell tells 
a true story, and was made, as the senes’ 
director Moira Armstrong explains, with 
the foil co-operation of Miss Bluebell 
herself, who, at 74. is still busily directing 
her troupe. “She's as spry as anything, as 
our choreographer for the series. Anthony 
Van LaasL discovered when he met her to 
ask about the dancing they did in the 
1930s. She was demonstrating the steps and 
all of a sudden she hitched up her skin and 
did the splits. I think she's going io go on 
until she drops, and there's no sign of that 
being about io happen.” 

Such assistance was clearly invaluable, 
for Bluebell features many recreations of 
the famous Folies Bergere revues of the 
1930s and 1940s. and uses more than 60 
dancers to do it. “Wc were lucky enough to 
discover quite a lot of very useful archive 
material as well. The 'Chairs’ routine in the 
first episode is a recreation of something 
w-e found on an old film. It’s an odd dance, 
and seems to suggest that in those days 
men must have been really botiom-fixaied. 
because a lot of the routines seem based 
solely around that.*’ 

The star of the series. Carolyn Pickles, 
got her pan not so much on the strength of 
her bottom, as on her acting ability tshc 
was recently seen in Lindsay Andersen's 
well-liked production of The Playboy of the 
Western World /. though her “loose” lower 
back was apparently a considerable asset. 

“it was a lough part. I was forever being 
amazed by her ability not only to learn all 
her lines, but to memorise all her steps as 
well", says Moira Armstrong. “She had 

B a:&rTp? *->;■- 


. *55 









really only done the usual ballet training 
when she was quite young, but she's very 
athletic, so she just learnt how- io dance.” 

Bluebell is something of a departure for 
Moira Armstrong as well. Her last directing 
assignment was the BBCs si\ par. scries. 
Freud. “After doing something as heavy as 
that, it was an attractive prospect to do 
something totally different, and doubly 
appealing to do a scries which was as close 
to a musical as I've so far been able to ge:. 
I'd never even done dance sequences 
before.” She does seem to have done 
almost everything else though, and that 
includes Testament of Youth. 

"Lip until that lime people in :nc 
business knew me I suppose - or at least 
Ihey said they did - but the popular?!-, of 
Testament certainly brought wider recog- 
nition to a lot of those who* were in\o|vcd 
with it.” 

With the exception of a grandmother 
who was reputed to rcciic chunks of 
Robbie Bums at any ana every oppor- 
tunity. Moira Armstrong came irom c. 
family with no theatrical connections. Bom 
and brought up in Aberdeen, she attended 
university in Edinburgh before working as 
d stage manager with the Perth Repertory 
Company, joining BBC radio, and then 

NPMWF : ; ^ • ■■ 

•A.* . *-• ¥}.. .A „ *- •■* «. - 

Moira Armstrong 

settling for television and a directing course 
in I960. 

Since then, -.he has worked con.csientf 
as a director on numerous pi?; s and drama 
senes, not onl; for the E3C.’ but also for 
Granada. YTV. and Thames. Her list of 
credits includes (V.y set as z A.vj 7 he 6;r.L 
of S'enae* Mean... and episodes of Hose! 
and The Onedn: Line She was uL-:> the firs: 
woman to direct an episode :> r Z-Ccr. . 
which caused quite a fuss at the time, "ft 
was considered a v cry macho «eri?-». arid 
therefore ?.n odd thing for a wo man : • 

“That v as the firs, time ? nccair r 
conscious of being a so-cali-.-J v on a:, 
director. I think it's only in the last f 
years that it has become an issue, and it 
doesn't feel as if n*s. been a s'gni. leant 
aspect of in;- career. I .c-tainf; derf; 
particularly choose to direct drama -.|w 'i 
concentrates on women. I'm more 
concerned simply in find gcod scripts.” 

The neu good script. •vr::;en b; Pc:.- 
P.ansley. is /nude .Story, ar. c- er. day I.i.'c < ■ 
the wheeling and dealing of the r.c—.-.puper 
world, which Moira Armstrong i'.l dir-..: 
for Anglia Television. 


Cast adrift on waves of hot air 

Well, after all the brouhaha, it 
was more like Plomlcyson than 
Parkinson, wasn't it? Maybe 
there is some rapier work to 
come - the wretched victim 
raining drops of sweat on to his 
choice of discs as he dodges his 
tormentor’s blade, but the first 
edition of the new style Desert 
Island Discs (Radio 4. Sunday, 
repeated Friday: producer 
Derek Drescheri was near 
enough in the tradition of the 
old. Nothing the first castaway. 
Alan Parker, said would have 
been unthinkable under Ploro- 
lev. We were assured in The 
Times Iasi Saturday that when 
Bruce Oldfield’s marooning 
comes along there will be sweat 
and blood. But, or. the basis of 
recent past performance in 
other areas of radio, perhaps we 
should not absolutely count on 
Michael Parkinson as the 
Torquemada of the 'palm- 
fringed shore. 

Certainly when he did Pick ri 
the Week a while back his 
choice was different from 
Margaret Howard’s and his 

presentation more acerbic. Both 
were welcome. Bui his excur- 
sions into the archives last 
autumn added nothing to his 
material, much of which badly 
needed all the support it coufd 

K :i. The impression was that he 
ad not bothered very much. 
We are told that he will 
not be following Roy Plom ley’s 
example of the explora- 
tory lunch. I would have 
thought that, if Mr Parkinson 
aims to be more hard-hitting 
than hi 5 predecessor, then he 
ought w be sure he is standing 
on' even firmer ground. Mind 
;.ou. I shall not necessarily 
applaud him if he does: the 
resolutely non-adversarial style 
of Desert Island Discs has 
always been its hallmark and 
w hat" a blessed relief that has 
been from the obligation felt by 
interviewers in so many other 
spheres of broadcasting to 
behave like frustrated deleciivc- 
sergeanis faced with some 
peculiarly recalcitrant w itness. 

h has otherwise been a week- 
in which various people, dead. 

alive and fictitious have been 
heard trying strenuous): to 
divert the general drift of their 
fate. The most heartening was 
Evelyn Glennie, very much 
alive, who in The Glennie 
Determination (Radio 4. Tues- 
day: producer Ann Tennant) 
told Antony Hopkins how she 
had overcome total deafness 
from childhood to graduate 
from the Royal Academy of 
Music as a percussionist of huge 
talent and indeed one of its very- 
best students. She tecls the 
music w-jih her body: bass notes 
downward from the hips, high 
notes in the cheekbones and the 
hair. Illustrations of her per- 
formances were electrifying. 

The manifold eccentricities 
of an authenticated genius were 
the subject of Glenn Gould: 
Concert Drop-cut iRadio 4. 
Sunday, repealed Friday: pro- 
ducer Ray Abbott}. Gould's 
early retirement from the 
concert platform was prompted 
by a »\ish to evert marc control 
over his playing. Apart from the 

ill-natured inch nation of ct- 
eertgoers m hope that yu wi», 
make a mistake, the rroubs-’ 
with playing in public, v. : 
learnt, is its unavoidable "nor-- 
TaU- T-.v o-ness ah Vug' 
Gould of ail recording ar-'c’s 
truly needed retakes less than 
most - c \ccr'. of course in hi:, 
own estimation. Yet this amaz- 
ingly odci and broadly gified 
man could never exercise 
enough control to stop himseli 
from singing alone with his ov.i: 
playing. E’en more ironically. 
h?s intended second retirement 
at the age of 50 from music and 
into fiiin-mal.ire was conclus- 
ively presented by fate in the 
shape of a fatai stroke soon after 
his fiftieth binhd;-.;- . 

On Radio A next Wednesday 
Frita Spies! presents the secon:l 
of his attractive series. Wises «. r 
the Great O.rnresers t producer 
Piers Burton-Page}. "Next 
vees” h was announced, "he 
gets down to business with Mrs 

David Wade 







I his Sun J. tv Cynl K-tye ins ice vou ro one or cite nearest Januarv 
5Jes of all time. 

For One Dav Onlv. vou will experience .-ome ■.»( rhe most 
jensarionai derigner furs to be found in this country. At >c*me or 
the most unbeatable prices. 

At 9 a.m. rhis Sunday the doors of the Crystal Room in the 
Mav Fair Hotel will open to reveal the enrire Cvril Kave Collection. 
You can try on as many truly beaurituf designs os you wish. 

You may be spoilt for choice, Cyril Kaye is one of the country's 
foremost turners and suppliers to the leading Department &. Retail 
srores, and thev have literally hundreds of fabulous furs available in 
all sizes, everv one of them folly guaranteed. _ 

Start rhe New Year in style and treat yourself or someone close to 
you to the sheer luxurv of a real for. 

Ar these prices vou will never have a better opportunity. 

nv l>ip£CT race 

FOX JACKETS £299 £79 



RED FOX JACKETS £995 £199 


COYOTE JACKETS £1095 £249 

MINK JACKETS £1195 £275 


SILVER FOX JACKET S £ 11 95 £295 






One Day Only, Sunday 12th Jan. 

In The Crystal Room at The MAY FAIR HOTEL, 
Stratton Street, London Wl (Entrance in Bcrkeiev Street) 

9 a.m. to 6 p-m. 

For further infomaaon telephone 
01-253 2252/ 01-251 0509 

Cyril Kaye 

A COMrASY iE.- ’ »>' 





■ AND 

SiS'M Kent, Colonel Scots 
attend the 

darner in QfagSSrS 

2£?“?«^nCaa, patron, «ffl 

SSiVSE"!? “ 5 the 

J*oyfc Memorial Trust at 
Town Hail, on April 

Sf K«t. 

on May 7; — “ ^»wch, Newbury, 

Duchess of Kent will attend a 
c ™ rf ty l»ll m Cardiff on May 9 to 



gteS* «he annual awards «S 
tto Duche ss of Kent, as chancellor, 
^ ■U pi-ccdc at the honorary degree 
ggnouy at Leeds Univenrityf on 


Httuy Cecil. 43; Mr Neville Duke. 
S^» Air Marshal Sir Reginald 
“Oson, 74; Lord Jacques, 81; Mr 
A«ttur Morton, 48; Sir Anthony 
Nutting, 66, Mr Alan Patou, 83; Mr 
J RrBSekh Belcher, 69; Air Chief 
Manhal & John Rogers, 58; Mr 
Arthur ScargOL 48; Air Commodore 
C Tress. 71. 
TOMORROW: Mr Anthony An- 

David Le Vay 


The Rev Dor Qmitl's television. aeries. 
The Sea of Faith, was greeted as an 
essentially new approach to religion, and 
the philosophy ofreligion- 

It is diffic ult, on reading the book of the 
series (The Sea of Faith. BBC Publi- 
cations) and with that different perspec- 
tive, to see why it should have caus e d such, 
a fuss. 

What Cupitt says can be summarized, I 
trust not unfairly, as follows. We begin 
with the ancient idea that we cannot have 
direct knowledge of things “out there” 
because our senses provide a distorted and 
incomplete version. We proceed to the 
notion that the meaning of the external 
world is not received, but attributed to it 
by ourselves. 

The patterns we perceive are only those 
dial our brains are capable of constructing, 
different patterns are perceived by other 
creatures (or other human beings), beauty 
is in the eye of the beholder, and so on. 

It follows that it docs not really matter 
what, if anything, is out there; reality is 
only what goes on ih*fA» our skulls, and is 
based on our peculiarly human linguistic 

abilities.- In the be ginning wag The Word. 

The link to religion follows naturally: no 
more than anything else is there a “real” 
God out there, if only we could find him. 
Our God was always a mental construct 
and must therefore chang e in successive 
eras. The Christian God of the Gospels is a 
construct long out of date; Jesus may have 
existed but not in terms of resurrection. 

Our prerent God must be a projection 
of our intrinsic ethics »nd morality and 
personal resurrection is simply something, 
that happens daring life on this earth after 
we have made this little readjustment. The 
thesis is fluent and sincere and strongly 
ethically motivated. It is a powerfu l 
argument that needs debating, and not 
merely in terms of protest by traditional 

What puzzles me is why Cupitt should 
bring in God and Christianity at alL True, 
he is a Christian cleric and still sees 

.Christianity as superior to other re l i g i o ns . 
But if Christianity, like life, is what we 
rnaifp it, how does Cupitt differ essentially 
from Jacques Monod, the. French, bio- 
chemist, who wrote a brilliant book. 
Chance and Necessity (Collins 1972/77)? 

Monod, too,- stressed that we are alone 
in the universe, that we must depend on 
ourselves alone and construct an order 
frp yvl on human needs and values, but he 
regarded theistic ideas as absurd! and did 
not deny external reality, always difficult 
for a observational scientist. 

If Cnpitfs arguments bad led, as they 
seem naturally to lead , to a scientific, 
humanism tiVw that of Freud, lie .would 
have been in the same boat as Monod, he 
would have had an ar gu a ble and 
consistent case:. 

It is difficult to see why he felt die need 

to tarff on of God and fhrigrianrty to 

a widely accepted philosoph inhuman ist 
view of our place in the universe. He is 
really an existentialist like Sartre, and his 
God is just a label from an old wine-bottle 
saved because it may come in useful 

Of the two, I therefore prefer Monod; 
there is an objective universe, we are alone 
in it, the only creatures that think and 
speak, therefore let., us .construct a 
hamanist world socialism. 

But there is something odd about 
Monod’s book. Anyone, particularly a 
doctor like myself who reads his account 
of the baric cellular processes of life, of 
how it depends on the formal dance 
patterns of enzymes which underlie all 
that humanity is does creates, 
iwiyht well shar p Jjjs materialist view of the 

And yet, far me at any rate, this is not 
the case. I find the ultimate effect 
profoundly religious. For it is difficult to 
regard living matter as other than a true 
TTnrari**. Wells’s hero staled that a miracle 
was something “contrariwise, to nature”, 
but it is nature itself that is miraculous. 
The of the Gospels are perhaps 

debatable: Our Lord did not lay much 

stress on them, but he did. advise us to 
conskJerthe lilies of the fiekL 
. It is extraordinary tint we take other 
human beings for granted, when it is their 
very existence that is so amoving , not their 
stench or their behaviour and certainly not 
the pitiful structure cm the autopsy table. 

One remedy is to contemplate the 
microscopic, the cells of our bodies and 
how they function, the complex molecules 
made of dements produced in starry 
furnaces, perhaps for just this purpose, 
and the semi-permeable membrane 
enclosing them th»r jg to fife — 

such “clever little molecules” Schumacher 
called ih*m fn Tnnrfrrrig the materi alists. 
And eve n more miraculous is that the 
organism, these cells compose, has person- 
ality and love and faith. 

1 cannot accept that true- reality is 
internal, and liuauisticallv based at that. 
True, our brains are programmed for 
grammatical speech; but if a child is not 
spoken to by someone “out there” in his 
riuly years he will never be ride to speak at 
alL The intrinsic needs the extrinsic ±Tit is 
to unfold. . 

The senses distort and deceive but 
Marvell said they may simply obstruct our 
experience of reality; we may be blinded 
by -an eye, deafened by an ear. The loss of 
senses in death may be the beginning of 
Sense. And so much of our experience is 
nonverbal, the emotions and our appreci- 
ation of music and other forms of beauty. 

The philosophers would say that we 
appreciate only the beauty wc can 
appreciate. Cupitt, which his neo-Chris- 
tian ethic, and those who share his 
humanism but without that ethic, see 
order and beauty in the eye of the 
beholder. I prefer Baudelaire: Ut,tout n'est 
qu'ordre et beauti. But where is “there”? 
You can find the answer in Hopkins’s 
splendid poem “The Leaden Echo and the 
Golden Echo.”- . , . % ■ . . 

The writer is a Roman Catholic surgeon 
and author.. 

King William’s College, 
Isle of Man 

Spring Term started yesterday. 
J. W. L. Cullen is bead of school and 
S. W, Ellis is captain of hockey. The 
annual confirmation service by the 
Bishop of Sodor and Man will be 

drew*. 38; Mr Ernest Armretmg. of Sodor and Man will be 

MP, 71; Mr Michael AspeL 53; Sr ft 14 ®® Fct ? oafy 23 and the Adnan 

Hookham Sevens Tournament for! 
preparatory schools will tnfcq place 
on March 16. Term ends on March 
24. The London OKW Dinner is on 
March 14 at the Naval dub . 38 HzS 
Street, Wl. Details may be obtained 

from H. G. Wallis (0753) 887700. 

Charies Ball, 62; Mr H. G. H. 

Barratt, 81; Lord Boaidman, 67; Air 
Vice-Marshal S. O. Button, 78; The 
Hon Sir Richard Butler, 57; Mr 
James Byam Shaw, 83; Mr Brendon 
Foster, 38; Mr Eric Heffer, MP, 64; 

Miss Anne Howells, 45; Mr Justice 
McGowan, 58; Mr Denys Milne, 60; 

Mr James Mortimer, 65; Mr Des 
p Connor, 54; Sir John Rennie, 69; 

Lord Russell of Kfllowen, 78; 

Mqor-Genoal F. J. Walsh, 86. 


Long Quarter begins Tomorrow. A. 

J. Clarke is head of school and V. 

Girdoomal, M. F. Milner and J. A 
V. Smith are deputy heads. A. J. 

Clarke is captain of hockey andJ.H. 

Gough is captain of football. Exeat 
is from February 14-18 and the 
quarter ends on Saturday, March 

The first Charterhouse Sir Robert 
Biriey Memorial lecture was 
delivered by Sr William Rees-Mogg 
on Monday, November 25, 1985. 

Cranleigh School junior ^ ^ w 

Lent Term at Cranleigh School perform Bugsy Malone on March 
begins on Sunday, January 12. 13, 14 and IS and term ends on 
Julian Lowrie is senior prefect and March 22. The new school 
PWer Wh yte d eputy senior prefect, prospectus will be brtme hed at 
The subscription concerts are by receptions held at International 
George Onsbohn’s Gentlemen of House, by HM Tower of London, 
Jazz (January -25) and John Ogdon on February 26 and at the school on 
(February 22). Dr Faustus by March 5. 

Christopher Marlowe, will be 
performed from March 4 to 7, and 
Carolina Burana by Carl Orff on 
March 16. Confirmation by the 
Bishop of Guildford is on March 8 
and term ends on March 21. 

Moreton Hall, 

Term begins on Sunday. January 12 
with 325 girls on roll of whom 93 
are in the Vlth form. Joanne 
Hartley and Suzanne Brown 
continue as head and second prefect 
with Georgina Matthews as captain 

There mil be a production of The 
Tempest by the senior drama society 
on January 30, 31 and February 1. 
The entrance and . scholarship 
examination will be held on 
February. 4. A confirmation serv ice 
will be conducted by the Bishop of 
Shrewsbury on February 13. A 
careers convention will be held on 
February 14 and the half-term 
holiday is from February 14 to 18. 


Company of Gold 
and Silver Wyre Drawers 

The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, were 
among the guests at a dinner given 
by the Company of Gold and Silver 
Wyre Drawers at tire Mansion 
House last nighL Mr Richard W. E. 
Payne, Master, presided and, 
accompanied by Mrs Payne and foe 
Wardens and their ladies, received 
the guests. Among those pres en t 

The High Commissioner for 
Australia, the Austrian Ambassa- 
dor, the French Ambassador, foe 
High Commissioner for New 
Zealand, Sir Rex Hunt, General Sir 
Richard Trant, Quarter Master 
General, Judge Argyle, QC, Mtyor- 
General Michael Cuban, Major- 
General G. B. Berragan and the 
President of the United Wards' 
Chib of the CSty of London. 


Gordonstonn School 

Spring Term started at Gordons- 
toun School on Tuesday, January 7, 
with 295 boys and 184 girls in foe 
school. Sassan Jahan continues as 
guardian. Contractors started work 
on the new boarding house on the 
first day of term. The service of| 
confirmation and first communion 
will be held in St Christopher's at 4 
pm on Sunday, February 16, and 
wiU be conducted by foe Bishop of 
Moray, Ron and Caithness. Term 
ends on Thursday, March 20, and 
foe first Gordonstonn international 
coarse for business executives 
begins an April 5. 

Latest wills 

Lord Segal, of Chelsea, Labour MP 
for Preston from 1945 to 1950, and 
Deputy Speaker and Deputy 
Chains of Co mmittees in the 
House of Lords from 1973 to 1982, 
left estate valued at £96 J912 net 
Miss Else Gertrude Martin, of] 
Kings Heath, Birmingham, left 
estate valuedat £167,805 net. She 
left £5,000 each to the British Heart 
Foundation and Children’s Society, 
and the residue to foe Royal College 
of Music, for a scholarship. 

Other estates include (net, before 
tax paid); 

Knotu Mr Stanley Woodhafch 
of F&mham Common, Bucking- 
hamshire £549,889 

Major A. D. Knyvett, RA 
and Mbs T. Memertfoagn 
The marriage took pi»<* yesterday 
at St FanTs, Wilton Place, ' of Major 
Anthony D. Knyvett, RA, son of 
Mrs J. Wilkox and the late Colonel 
John Knyvett, of Sunningdale, and 
Miss Tana Meineitdugeo, daughter 
of Sir Peter and Lady Meinertzha- 
gen, of Cleaver Square, London. 
The Rev Christopher Couitanld 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her Either, was attended 

by Jonathan Kirkpatrick Mr David 
Kirkpatrick was best man. . 

A reception was held at the Hyde 

MrS. D. Migdal 
and Miss A. E. M. Holmes 
Hie marriage took place on 
Thursday, December 12 in St 
James. Barbados, of Mr Stephen 
MigdaL son ofMr& Mrs J. Migdal, 
of Southgate, Lem don and Miss Ann 
Holmes, only darajiter of Mr& Mrs 
L. Holmes, of Walsall, West 
Midlands. The honeymoon was 
spent in Tobago. Their home will be 
in Staffordshire.-' 

£2 coin 

The picture of foe £2 coin which 
appeared on page 16 on Thursday 
showed Mr Keoneih Barth wick, 
chairman of the Commonwealth 
Games Committee, and not Mr 
Norman Sflbnan, who designed the 

Services tomorrow 
First Sunday 
after Epiphany 

HREC4. 8.90 HC: 11 


I O&K <530 CUorri £. 



szssrwz s “ 

a, BL4B HC: IO.XS Sum 
C. Mrs j«an Msytoet 

IL30 M. S - - 

o ww gnft 

fMrrvtrnrmihnrrVTtTi Mtrtwrl ■wMjSS ~ 

8B5MSS ** 

{Arthur wmtL Porsoncnt : tedto 
3,iaaw»i eT Out — io n tnO-Sw* 
mstoth Dm W WB Mn (Efcpri. A 


Wooa IB E. I WEI UR BP ralnc area twnacer). 

SuDOhn la C. Donnl Jmi (KMoaQ. Asv 
wncox: 0.3O ES RtRsv E a Kbapp- 

EucB. Dsrfce la F. Aye vsnonCKmO. AH me 
world Bull worship mss (PiBBisansLOw 

7. 8.9LM: 

jt nrnif laTsjW. 7 lsc &3o YTMaoBinai 
oriMvt ton i Oocgraa). J«bu. dulcts msmorta 

8. la 12.18. e Ot l! HM . tn h PO OTTO 
BVM da Lnn*o (Co ar Aazxrpeg. Gape r 
QnmtoM Batolonls mahatrtiM). Fr Pdsr 

Stodart and Pr toia* Scot!. - 

CHAPEL ROYAL, si Jcnart Palacs, SW1: 
bjo h£ 11.18 MP. Lot ms p s n a l s vnOm 
thee (Memics). Canon E AJjraei „ 

WG£ 11.15 M. Ts Drum (Stanford to B 

naO. Lot star lad rhlrto (CroldU. The 

njn HC 


... ww . NW1: 


: l OJOifc ll | 

«£°hSssTi« (^w> Og fid 



ST JOHN'S. Hyda PM Oroeait W2 8 
— lO Parish Each. Mr John fUKHsn 

LLEfc-S. Chetoco. BWS. ST HG lOJO 
MP. Rev □ R Wacaoo: 11 .20 HC. soman to 
IX 6-30 E. Rev Nwetr. 

ST MAROARtya wesnntnsur. SWi. 
B.1S H& ll Ones! M. Canon Trevor 
nrnnn 12.1AHC. 

9.48 Family nwmrn nkm (he Vk*r 11JO 

MS. Rev PMHn Chester: 2 46 tidMM 
SereKv 4.13 Choral £: 630 ES. Rev 

Bars. ... 

Strut W8: & 1230 HC 9. 
tM VK* 1 1. IBM. RevS H 
CRnSHHAdtuL __ 

ST MARY'S. Bourne Street. SW1: 9. 9.45. 

7.17 1M 1 1 HM. TWlIt SI IIIIS ■■ (HWM. 
Qmna tfi Ms OjntiaX Fr John Caniw. 

6.18 Epiptunv tWasinl and Solsron B. 
music tvSchutx. HowsUs and Bach. 


Wl! ' 

Dea _. 

630 at 

ST MICHAEL'S. Cheater Sonare. BWl: 
8.15 HG 11 MP. Rev David Pnor: 630 HC 
nev David Prior. 

ST PAUL'S. Robert Adam Strath WC2: 11. 





Jaroslav Seifert, the Czech 
poet who rather unexpectedly 
was awarded the Nobel Prize 
for Lheratoro in 1984, has efied- 
in Ptraue ax the age of 84. 

Seifert was not one of 
Czechoskxvakia’a great poets of 
the 'century, but he was a 
popular mino r poet - -whose 
poems were widely known and 
recited throughout the country. 
Morc than that, he was a man of 
exemplary virtue and courage 
who came, to rep r ese nt die 
Czech conscience in foe face of 
continuing treachery and ad- 

Jaroslav Seifert was bom in 
Prague on September 23, 1901. 
He began to publish, poetry 
Misto v sla&ch (1920), A City m 

^( l9 SS : S2iS 

shut dovn ^ 


SSrtTtc clul<lren:» 

ceraed wth the nril 

nirt culture, repression- 1 ^ " 
the Thaw which follcrwea 

Misto v sia&cH (1920), A City tn intelligent part m foe literary acum a Q f his 

Tears in foe then dominant polemics ofthe tune. and he reached foe pea* 

“proletarian” mode. He was at His poems, until the volume popularity: re was now, _ 


Seifert’s woks «« 

it time a left-wing journalist Jabliko zkhna (1933). An Apple continued t> 
jng his oompatiiots to rid in the Lap. wme inclined to together wtl ran 

sehoslovakia of every vestifle steer away from his own natural sik Hrnbin, as foe ira«r o* » f 

mannered movement for foe promotion oi 


Czechoslovakia of every vestige 
of foe old Hapsbuig Empire's 

His third collection, however, 
Ha J ulndch TSP (1925), On 
Radio Waves, displayed an 
abrupt chan#: of style from 
“proletarian! std” - a sort of 

steer away: 

into a 

cleverness. But with that collec- 
tion he found his own voice and 
became a notable love poet. 

In common with almost 
every Czech poet, “hermetic’* or 

ntlivnit* Wfirt 

his friend NezvaL 
Poetism was a movement 
towards “pure poetry”, and, 
while Seifert was happier in this 
genre, its programmatic tend- 
encies, based on Reach models, 
did not entirety suit .him. None 
the le ss , he played a lively and 

Lights. After the Nazi occu- 
pation of Prague he was able to 
publish Svmem odiiUl (1940), 
Dressed in Light, a tribute to the 
city of Prague with very dear 

The War over, Seifert 
directed an edectic review. The 

thoug ht of as the. natural 
successor to tke patriotic and 
nati onalist poet Karel T oma n 
(pseudonym of Antonin Berna- 
Sek, 1877-194 6) who. like him. 
had abandoned a narrow 
mannerism for a broad, melodi 
ousandaffinnalory poetry. 


Co m tauld. 

, E&tcoSau&ra. 8wl: 8. IB HG 
Mw 11 Satan M 
O I 

Tbe Dm Magi i 

pW woman. 

SW1: 11 atom M.TIWI 


— Flsat f&rwt. E04: 830 

gra^Syn* paws w at c ugga zoy 

830 HG 11 M. DefflaJUanof noarBtaA 

LM-- 1030 MP: 1 1 HM. 
lOOL Rev J8W Yoaaff 6 J 

FnaxbounlaM CHmmlmy M 


st'aunaiaSSt^GBHC 11 

■4HC 6 E. wafAPW 


lax rr«m-o. Rev ft a c &m 

8JMON ZELOTE^TVianer street. BWi: 
11 M P: 6.30 EP. MbJPtBM 
TEPHEN’S, rinilfW Road. 8w7: 8, 
9LM: 11 HM. MhaptoMBovrattrovvl 
OatoS. Rev Robert Ibwac j Satan C 
B. Rav Dr Parry BuUer . 
err VEO aST. Footer Lnoo. ECto US _ 
Corn. Mbu pom coell (MaO. A b wat to 
Oqd P>e F&ttier (Hmsfroa 
LANGtaiC fcoot, SW1: 1 1 BmWm. 

MV Dr J FTMcr MiLaOa: 550. V«ry TWv 

ctown ^xkiwr** CHUtCH. 

G WC£ 11.15. Rev Dar»Jd 
MOcArtnun 630. Rov KelOl M McROOb. 

FARMSTRriET. WJ: 730. 830. 101AC11 
HMi 4. lft. ft. 15 LM. 

- - 


■ wi: 8.1& HG 11 Smoimm 

nttum CPtaWnaL Triid 

HOLY TftlNrrV. Brampton Road. S 

9. ia 123a 630 LM; 11 
mLJtama* mw (Loan J u no m Dn 

Cqygpan i_ Ser vi ce. R ev aim FMtnaaa: 


Wi: Il. Bev Ken H owa Wt. ssa Rev 



HOLY TRINTTY, Prince Cant rowl 
SWT. 8.30 12X16 HG U OortlMP. Rev 




Rt Npr Ho neldC CaSba 

.S'SB: B R? c g?W 

Mr A. J. Bawben 
and Miss ILHairb 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son of foe 
Rl Rev M. A. and Mrs Baughen, of 
Chester, and Rachel, daughter of Mr 
and MrsG. P. Hams of Reading. 
MrC.M. Router 
and Mbs F.S. Wilkins 
Tbe engagement is announced 
betwe e n Christopher, elder son of 
Major E M. Romer, USAF (retd), 
and Mrs Romer. of London, and 
Fiona, younger daughter of Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir Mi chad and Lady 
Wilkins, of Combe Raleigh. Devon. 
Lbnt Cmdr P. B. Alhn, RNR, RD. 
and Mbs E.J. Wade? _ 

The engagement is announced 
between Peter, elder son of the late 
Dr and Mrs N. D. Allan, of Heme 
Bay. Kent, and Jayne, lighter of 
Mr R-S. Wailey and foe late Mrs S. 
Walley, and stepdaughter of Mrs A. 
Watley, of Whitstable, Kent. 

It G. R. J. Barnard, RN, 

«nd MImJ.M. Skinner 

The engagement is announced 
b e t we e n Guy, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs S. P. Barnard, of Southsea, 
Hampshire, and Julia, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs W. J. Skinner, of West 
amtington, West Sussex. 

Mr A. Y. Brake 
and Mbs V.S. King 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Andrew Young, son of Mr 
and Mrs R- Y. Brake.. of Rapps. 
Somerset, and Virginia, Susan, 
of the late D. K. 
KinfcMRCVS, and Mrs G. W. W. 
Laverton, ofHorton, Somerset. 


and Miss S. J- Donald 

nsU enaaamnent is announced 
^ elder son of Mr 


Mr G. F-CrwaweB 
■ad Mbs A-R- Rev«? 
jjig engagement is . a nno u n ced 

Mr M. Drayton 
and Miss JFL M. McDonald 
The engagement is announced 
between Midiad, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs D. Drayton, of Canterbury, 
Kent, and Helen Mary, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs M. J. McDonald, of 
Great Bardfieid, Essex. 

Mr J. GflrskQeld 
and Mbs J. Chapman 
The eogegement is announced 
between Jonathan, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Ivor Gershfield, of Regents 
Park, London, and Jane, twin 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Hugh 
Chapman, of Famham, North 

Mr J. P. Gibbous 
and Mbs J. C. Melvin 
Tbe engagement is announced 
bet w e en Jeffrey, son of Mrs 
Gibbons and the late Mr E. 
Gibbons, of Loudon, and Joanna, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Peter 
Melvin, of Aldbury, Hertfordshire. 

Mr G. Jones 

and Mbs C- N. A. Johnson 
The engagement is announced 
between Gareth, son of Mr and Mrs 
E. Jones, of Hale bams, Cheshire. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr R. A. Laarence 
and Mbs R. P. Uoyd-Roberts 
Tbe engagement is announced 
betwee n Robert, elder son of Mr 
Henry Laurence, of St Breladc. 
Jersey, and Mrs Evelyn Laurence, of 
Clarence Terrace, London, NW1, 
and Rosanna, younger daughter of 
Mr George Lloyd-Roberts, of 
Cheyne Place, London, SW3, and 
Mrs Catherine Uoyd-Roberts, of 
Hesper Mews, London, SW5. 

Mr G- P- Martin 
and Miss N. T. Garland 
The engagement is announced 
between Gregory, son of Mr George 
Martin, of Coieshill, Wiltshire and 
Mrs Sheena Martin, of Hatfield, 
Hertfordshire and Natasha Tudor, 
daughter of Mis Mary Garland and 
the late Mr Peter Garland, of 
Hancock. New Hampshire, United 

Mr N.F.J. Mendoza 
and Mbs M. Y. la Vlgnc 
The w i p pimait is announced 
betw e en fccH. eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs Martin Mendoza, of Hamp- 
stead, London, and Michefle Yvette. 

and Clio Natasha Ann, daughter of elder daughter p of ‘Mr and Mrs G.J. 
Dr and Mrs W. Johnson, of P 1 V *8M. of Michigan, United 
Sandford, Devon. 

between 'George Francis, jwmgrat 
son of Mr and Mrs 

of Rossington. 

_ i W. J. Cresswell, 
South Yorkshire 

Mr R. W. J. Langford 
and Mbs A. J. McCardb 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, younger sou of Mr 
and Mrs Derrick Langford, of 
Salcombe, Devon, and Amanda, 
younger daughter of the late 
Lieutenant-Colonel W. D. H. 
McCardie and of Mrs David 
Rowland, of Llangynidr, Wales. 

Dr J. W. Liras 
and Dr D. M- Brinkley 
The engagement is announced 
between John Laws, of Dulwich, 
fether of Mr James Laws and Mrs 
Susan Stevens, and Diana Brinkley 
(n£e Rawlence), also of Dulwich, 
mother of Mr John Brinkley and Mr 
Mark Brinkley. 

and Mbs R- Harries 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, only son of Mr 
and Mrs T. S. Littlewood, of 


Mr N. C. Pitman 
and Miss S. A. Bond 
The engagement is announced 
between Itforman Charles, only son 
of the late Mr Gordon Pitman and 
Mrs N. M. Pitman, of Cos ham , 
Hampshire and Shirley -Anne, 
daughter of Mr A. L. Bond, of 
Bramfind. Suffolk, and Mrs M. 
Bond, of Great Shdfbrd, Cam- 

and Mbs S, J. Neill 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Hugh, ddest son of the late 
Dr M. T. Pym and Mrs M. T. Pym, 
of MUboume F ar m, Malmesbury, 
Wiltshire and Susan, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A. HL NeffiT of 
Dumbarton, Scotland. 

Mr T. B. Sampson 
and Mbs F. G. A. Day 
The eu g Bgrmen t is announced 
b e t wee n Thomas, son of Com- 

and Georgina, daughter of foe late 
Mqjor F. W. J. Day and Mrs E L. J. 
Day, of Fortstewart, RameUon, Co 

Mr R. P. Shelley 
and Mbs C. A. Stewart-Fry - 
Tbe engagement is announced - 
between Robert, youngest son of 
Mrs R. Waller, -of Bath, Avon, and 
Mr F. Shelley, of London, and 
Carolyn, only daughter of Mrs S. 
Stewart-Fry. of St Peter Port, 
Guernsey, and Mr M. Stewart-Fry, 
of Guernsey. 

and Mbs CE 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs Douglas Sherry, of 
Salisbury, Wiltshire, and Caroline, 
only draghter of Group Captain and 
Mrs Gerald Biggar, of 

Mr T. Spencer 
and Mbs K. Sutherland 
The engagement is announced 
b e t wee n Trevor, only son of Mr and 
Mrt J. N. Spencer, oFStamfordham, 
Northumberland, and Karen, youn- 
ger daughter of Mr and Mrs w. G. 
Sutherland, oFFoxrock, Dublin. 


and Mbs E. B. MaziiliuwlLi 

The enragement is announced 

between Rmhard Peter, elder son of 

Mr and Mrs Paul Sionor, of 

Cu c kfi el d . Sussex, and Elizabeth 

Major and Mrs Anthony Murray 
Flutter, of Ardnackucfa. Moniaive, 

Mr A. J. Whotiem 
and Mbs C A. M. NWsou 
Tbe enga g em ent is announced 
between Andrew, younger son of foe 
Rev. J. C and Mrs wbettem, of 
Manningford Bruce, Wiltshire, and 
Carolyn, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs D. B. E Nivison, of Chichester, 
West Sussex. 

Barbara, only daughter of foe laic 
Mr Ryzard-Zeaon Maznridewicz 
and Mrs Maznridewicz, of Ealing, 

Mr P.M. Thomas 
and Ms M. L. Wetzel 
The ernggemeni is announced 
between Paid, son of Mr and Mrs 
M. C Thomas, of Beaoonsfiekl, 
Bnddn^amdaw, and Mary, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs E H. 
Heinzd, of Rogers City, Michigan, 
United Stares. 

Mr N. A. G. Waugh 

asd Mbs C. M. Mmray Flatter 

The engagement is announced 

berwccnNtefaolas, second son of Mr 
and Mrs Antony Waugh, of Fast 

Mi Alisrm. younger oaugnwr or Sttnngbounie, Kant, and Rosemary, oeiween i nomas, son or torn- ana Mrs Antony waugn, or Last 
Professor and Mrs J. R- S. ReveO, of elder daughter erf Mr and Mrs Ben mander and. Mrs T. S. Sampson, of Molcsden, Mitford, Northumbria, 
^Mlbridge. Harries, of Brecon, Wales. Mains of Balgavics, Forfer, Angus, and Charlotte, you^est dao^ucr of) 


Sir Edward Jackson, KCMG. and 
Sir Brian Young, have been 
appointed to serve on the Board of 
Trustees of the . Imperial War 

Sir Edward Jackson recently 
retired from the Diplomatic Service 
after competing a term of office as 
Ambassador to BetghmL 
Sir Brian Young is -chairman of 
r-hrigtinn Aid and former director 
general of tbe Independent Broad- 
casting Authority. 

The Honourable Patrick 
Lindsay, second son of foe 28th 
Earl of Crawford and 1 1th Earl 
of Bal caries, who died on 
January 9 aged 57, was the 
senior picture director of Chris- 
tie’s, the fine art auctioneers. He 
combined this work with a life 
that was filled with adventure, 
danger and sporting activities. 

He was made a director of 
Christies in 1955, and after 
becoming their picture director 
a few years later he conducted 
most of the important sales of 
Old Masters and English pic- 
tures held by the company since 
the early 1960s. In an age when* 
the auction of a picture for a 
million pounds was almost 
unheard o£ he knocked down a family collection at Balcarres, 
Velazquez for £2,310,000 in from which Patrick was later to 
1970. In ApriL 1985 be broke auction a femous Duccio, 
all auction records on Christie's With that early education, the 
behalf when Mantegna’s time in Tuscany laid the 
“Adoration of tbe Magi” was foundation on which his long, 
sold for £8.1 million. service to Christie's was 

He was generally aclmowl- securely based - service also to 
edged as one of the most the nation’s heritage for his 
persuasive auctioneers of bis connections and persuasion 
time.' Strangers, attending one saved numerous pictures which 
Of those sales, marvelled at his would otherwise havo gone 
calm, almost carefree delivery, abroad. - 
To anyone who knew a little Beauty and adventure were 
about his other lives, his sang- his enduring passions and 
froid came as no surprise. For whenever possible he pursued 
more than 40 years’ skiing, them simultaneously. Apart 

soiling, flying, travelling and 
motor raring, the elegant, soft- 
voiced impresario cheerfully 
involved himself in his own 
long series of games played, 
often, eye to eye with death. 

After his birth in November, 
1928, his mother was told that 
he had a rare, almost certainly 
fetal, form of peritonitis. His 
victory in that first struggle 
earned him a mention in The 
Lancet. The marks and scars he 
gathered later would have filled 
an orthopaedic encyclopaedia. 
Whatever the injury, however 
narrow the escape, his in- 
variable reaction was to get up 
and play the game again. 

A highly developed competi- 
tive spirit was already evident 
when he played cricket, foe 
Field game and soccer for Eton 
and. on leaving, saw active 
service in Malaya with the Scots 

The seeds of a passion for 
aircraft and flying were sown a 
little later in the Oxford 
University Air Squadron. 

After leaving Magdalen, he 
spent what he later called 
“easily the most stimulating 
time of my life” studying in 

from pictures, the beauty he 
treasured most was that of a fest 
elegant machine. Playing alter- 
nately the parts of collector, 
auctioneer, driver and pilot be 
carved for himself a unique 
position in the twin worlds of tut ^ ^ 
historic cars and aeroplanes. Appeal, the Shuttle 

To him a machine, however 
rare or long its history, was only 
worth having if it worked. 

Of his cars the best known 
was Remus, his two-litre, 
supercharged ERA. Originally 
one of a pair. Remus and his 
brother Romulus were owned 
and driven in tbe 1930s by 
Prince “Bira” Birabongse of 
Siam. Wearing the red shirt 
which became his femiliar 
trademark, Lindsay drove 
Remus - which could still 
manage speeds up to 160 mpb - 
in races for pre- and post-war 
historic cars on tracks all over 
the British Isles and Europe. 

Together, they won foe 
Richard Seaman Memorial 
Trophy nine times and in 70 
races since 1973 their record 
was 30 wink 

His own car collection began 
with a 1930 Rolls-Royce Phan- 
tom given him by the Mahara- 

road. Yeaxs later, he set out on «• 
similar journey in reverse, 
driving a 1933 Bentley with 
Keith Schellenbeig and Norman 
Berkeley in the London-to- 
Sydney rally. Lindsay broke his 
shoulder in a crash on the 
Afghan -Turkish border and the 
three friends narrowly escaped a 
worse fete when unfriendly 
tribesmen robbed the car. 

Mixing work with pleasure, 
he involved Christie's in sales ai 
Lord ' Montagu’s 1 National 
Motor Car Museum at Beau- 
lieu. At Los Angeles in 1979 he 
sold a 1936 Mercedes-Benz for 
$400,000, then a world record 
price for a car, end, all over 
Europe and the United States 
he encouraged and conducted 
the sale of historic cars and 

Of aeroplanes his pride and 
joy was the 1940 Spitfire, and 
the rarest feature of his collec- 
tion was an S.E~5 from foe First 
World War and, from between 
the wars, a specially rebuilt 
Hawker fiiry. 

With planes a$ with cars, 
work and pleasutt mingled and 
in 1981 he flew his Spitfire up to 
Strathallau in Perthshire to sell 
(for £260.000) a Jrtawker Hurri- 
cane and 27 other historic 

Into this foil life. Lindsay 
managed to fit several adven- 
turous journeys atad regular 
fund-raising work dn behalf of 
charities. The Couifouki Insti- 

Tuscany at foe feet of the great jah of Jaipur — on condition that 

art historian Bernard Berenson. 
As a child he had often listened, 
enthralled, while his father, a 
great expert, expounded on foe 

he drove it home: He did so - 
through foe Khyber Pass and 
across tracks in Afghanistan 
that were more desert than 

membrance Trust \ and the 
British Engineer! uni i|l Brighton 
all had his active support and. 
in 1984 be raisecLthpusands of 
pounds for foe Muscular Dys- 
trophy Fund by/ repeating 
Bleriot’s cross-channel flight on 
it’s 75fo anniversary ■ 

He flew an exadt replica of 
foe original 
tweed coat with 
the style of the 
and made foe, 
identical time. 

Down foe 
Lindsays ; have 
tinguished, for fo 
of foe arts and 
as soldiers!, 
this combination 
nobly and 
his ancestors, 
pursuit of foe 
<b«h and co 
a rare ability 
He is 

9th Earl 
ihwr daugfa l 


wearing a 
and tie in 
eer airman, 
in an 

n tunes the 
been dis- 
their courage 
k personified 
of gifts as 
as any ol 
mind and 
were always 
matched by 
laugh at himself 
by his wifi- 
daughter of the 
wicke, and b\ 
and three sons. 


Mr Martin Stevens, Con- 
servative MP for Fulham since 
1979, died in Paris on January 
10. He was 56. 

He had earlier contested foe 
seat twice in 1974 when it was 
held by Mr Michael Stewart 
(now Lord Stewart of Fulham, 
CH) for Labour and had 
previously fought foe Dulwich 
seat. A management and mar- 
keting consultant he was mao- 
~ig> director, of Granada 
evision International from 
1967 to 1969. 

He had campaigned for 
changes in foe law over 
maintenance payments in div- 

orce proceedings and intro- 
duced a private members Bill in 
the House of Commons in 1983 
which would have given effect 
to changes in these payments 
but it faded to obtain a second 
reading. Some of his ideas were 
to figure in foe Government’s 
Matrimonial Proceedings Act of 

The son of J. R. Stevens, he 
was boro on July 31, 1929 and 
educated at Ortey Farm School, 
Harrow-on-the-HiU, Bntdfidd, 
and Trinity College, Oxford, 
where be read law and took his 
BA in 1952. From 1954 to 1967 
he worked for the Rank 


to the 
He sat 
1955 to 19 
1965 was 
since 1956] 

1968. He 


In 197| 

London. J 
He was unmarried. 

then moved 
or ganizati on 
a Conservative at 
foe ok! LCC from 
and from 1959 to 
n foe Camberwell 
undL He had been 
with the national 
of the 

. unpaign 

was chairman in 
a member of the 
on Trade and 

he was appointed a 
foe Peace for Loner 

Science report 

Spinning power for spacecraft of future 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

The physical effect that allows 
skaters to spin more qakkly by 
folding their aims across their 
cheats, or more skrwiy by 
them, lies behind an 

burigidag proposal for making a 
pew generation of sp a cecr aft. 

The ideas were teenssed earlier 
this week by a deadate e n g ag ed <w 
the a dr a aced space flight pro- 
grammes . of the American 

Marimrol A pronttuf fat mrsA gam 

A dmi n is tration (Nssa), whfie they 
were waiting Cor the tro nM e s which 
delayed the lateat shaftie ffigfit tn 
be ironed oot.- 

The new nufcMnre have ftanr- 

istk names such aa bud loop 
and star bridge. In their most 
advanced bra, the vehicles iradd 
tap tbe kinetic energy of tbe earth, 
the planets and objects hi motion 

* 1 *Ds»tame steps save been taken 
toward this goal, with tests 
planned far 1988 when the space 
shuttle unreels a 62-mOe cable to 
which a sa teflite is tetfirre d. 

The InlmthHt fo tn und the 
cable above the shuttle. When 
ex t e nd ed folly the fine wfll be 
(MuoNd. ■wd If ftw w ta dpl n fo 
correct the natalitfe wjrfrfoe. When 
the cable fo released the satellite 
should ceafeane moving to n higher 
in Lit. 

By foe same token, foe ahattle 
shonld lose inmnwUim i and drop 

Into a slightly lower orbit.' a 
similar application of the prin- 
ciples of angdar nmnmfBio to 
manlpillBte the ener g y of the body 
doe to Its motion happens with 
dealers. If they grip weights fat 
each band, the principle can be 
exploited to enhance tbe rate of 

Employing tbe Act to design 
more efficient space vehicles mast 
rank as an ear dn in keeping 
with Dr Edward de Bono’s best 
km ! thinking. For h* h— of 
using tethers comes from a grou p 
working with Dr Iran Bekey, 
director of advanced space flight 
programmes at Nasa, who recog- 
nise the limits of chemical rocket 

Even with foe advances of 'foe 

k of placing a poond 
ad iato oroit fo stiD 
for routine journeys 

shuttle, the 
weight of 
for too ~ 
into space. 

The start- of wi ng — vj-m. or 
tethe rs, far tike transfer of aagafor 
■aomeatora should begin in a small 
y*y- The launch of satellites iota 
higher orbits wanld avoid the need 
“f * ***“ rrte «Wto* and find 
*? % spacecraft from the 

** "orktag^ height, 
“ra* an^ldea of 



__ _ dbove 



free literature- , . . 

If foe Nobel. Award - 
following foe tragic events oi 
1968, and his exemplary behav- 
iour since then - came as a 
surprise to those outside 















; h 



ff fe 



I f T. 



rU>&\ O' 




■ fK 5k 



-r» ., *w 


-■ ^ 
rz: >: $ 

■ 'ii 

:- ... "-Tr' 


P*0. Box 7, 

inp: Road, tendon ;WC1X 8EZ, Telephone: 01-837 1234 


This Week has beraa bad one for 
the Government.] Next -week 
cannot be expected to be much, 
better. ‘Mrs Thaicher under- 
standably wants pe Westland 
affair to go away as quickly as - 
possible. Bot Ttifsday’s share- 
holders nieetmg aid the growi ng 
prospect of a setback, at the least, 
to the Sikorsky-piat tad, win 
ensure that Westland contmties 

at thetop of the 

On Monday ] 
want .a Prime;] 
meat. The H 
another solemr 
Mr Heseltine w 
Opposition le? 
ammunition ag 
could . be a 1 
Westland . on n 
only those. wbf 
delight in the at 
will look forwir 
Mr Leon Hi 
Trade and lid 
before it r 

8 >nefor ... D; is Mr Britton who feces die 
week- most serious specific charge that 
much ,, has. come from Mr Heseltine so 
finder- fesV He must surely deny - Mr 
stland Heseltme’s interpretation of the 
kly as - . aBeged meeting between himself 
snare- and British AerospaarChairanan, 
■owinsfrSir ;RaynH>ndLygo, rinwhidi 
: least, British Aerospace’s invbl vem«it 
t /WOT ; j in the European bid was said to 
tinties;; fa^againrtffienarioii^interest*’; 
wada. v ifhecanhcrtdMyithispoffltionis 

. . ... unsustainable; ; ,;V _ 

3c will . Mrs Thatcher fas r efill ed her 
-state- . Cabinet antiatlempted to batten 
y get down its hatches. She has still* 
from however, to show .that she has 
ich will give the - succeed®! Mr Heseltine may - 
ler . stffl more not be prime. ■ back bench 
inst her. There material but, wnKfce those Gabi- : 
oil debate on net exiles whose attitude to the, 
Wednesday and - Govemment is mainly negative, 
irav e a genuine , the ex-Defence Secretary has a 
Bfering of others semblance of political phllosopy 
1 to the sight of . and a proven puffing power that 
tan answering will make, to m a .dangerous, 
ustry questions advocacy in the'eountry at large. 

He will not lack for platforms. • 

ir Kixmodc will 
limsterial -state-. 
»use may. get 
f apologia horn, 
ich will give the 
ler . still more 
inst her. There 
ill debate on 
Wednesday and 

d to the sight of 
ttan answering 
ustry questions 


case, the fe 
able. For i 
number of t 
lar frauds u 
not been i 

A perceptionfhas grown in the 
public mind] that the City of 
London and is financial markets' 
have become riddled with fraud. 
Although thiJ is by no means the 
case, the feding is understand- 
able. For iicre have been a 
number of particularly spectacu- 
lar frauds ii markets that, have 
not been Adequately regulated 
and where] investors have not 
been protected from professional 
malpractices that ■ are uxxfeir'- 
ralher ..than criminal. _ Hence 
frauds in cpmmodity schemes or 
at Lloyd’sl became a symbol of 
general rettenness. Even more 
important has been the' failure of 
the detection and prosecution 
system to bring most of those 
major, pr Sessional . frauds to 
court and i > conviction. In social 
terms that las led taa suspicion 
that the ru 1 and well-connected 
can get aw: y with it In business 
terms., it raises doubts abroad 
that the < Lty of London is a 
clean place to do business and 
that can t reaten one of best- 
established future growth indus- 



can get awz 
terms,, it i 
that the < 
clean place 
that can t 

This clii 
both .allow! 
Financial 5 
late City 
equally , di 

ate of opinion has 
d. and., obliged the _ 

: to produce a strong 
rvices BiU to , rep- 
ealing practices. It H 
hands ... strong and' 

.-.i it! 

equally . demands.. . strong and 
determined:, ictiotr to tackle. the 
genuine scar Hal surrounding the 
prosecutiojHlf condplex fraud. - 
The report of the fraud trials 
committee ‘under the dis- 
tinguished law ford. Lord Kosr- 
ktil, published : yesterday, pro- 
vides as challenging an agenda 
for Hctioh as any reform er might 
wish. After two years investi- 
gation, tne overwhelming weight 
of evidence -suggests that the 
public '.quite right to believe 
that theilegal system in England 
and . Wales : ;is. incapable ;Of 
“bringing the perpetrators of 
serious frauds expeditiously and 
effectively to took”. 

- The committee's single most 
- obviously controversial proposal 
is to substitute a fraud trial 
tribunal bohsistihg of judge and 
two informed lay members for 
trial by jury in complex cases. 
Yet that is- surely more contro- 
versial in principle than in 
practice. As the report points 
out, for more people face 
tribunals or magistrates each 
year than trial by jury. _ ■ 

The notion : that criminal 
trials, .possibly resulting in long 
prison -sentence,-, can be conduc- 
ted without a jury of one’s peers 
is certainly alien to tradition. But 
in the case of sophisticated City 
frauds, jury trial - does not 
provide trial by. one’s peers. 

■ Few. potential jurors under- 
stand the financial manipulation 
involved in sufficient detail to 
judge the facts and most of them 
would manage to excuse {hem- 
selves Jrbm jury duty on pro- 
longed fraud trials. Combine this 
with rules of evidence drawn up 
to . satisfy the ‘ philosophical 
niceties of equity and you have a 
classic example of how justice in 
detail can ' add up to lack of 
justice in the round. . . 

The result is not so much that 
too many fraudsters are acquit- 
ted as that not enough are 
brought to trial. Preparation to 
provide a case in a form suited to 
this system .'causes debilitating 
delay arid expense. The cost of 
trials, an average £500,000 in 
such complex City cases, makes 
the Department of Public Pros- 
ecutions of the tax authorities 
reluctant to press cases unless 
they can safely predict convic- 
tion on serious charges. . 

The alternative suggested by 
the Roskill committee has more 
practical safeguards. The tri- 
bunal option can only be used if 
a judge approves a request from 
the prosecution or the defence. 
The three man tribunal acts as a 
jury. The judge is responsible for 

sentencing and must give an 
explanatory . judgement The 
appeal system remains intact 

Yet the fraud trial tribunals 
are only one of the many 
throughgoing reforms suggested 
and would apply only to . a 
minority even of fraud cases. 
Other suggestions are both 
sensible and specific to fraud 
cases. They streamline pro- 
cedures to speed justice and save 
money to be used on better 
training, investigation and prep- 
aration. They blow a lot of 
accumulated dust out of the 
courtroom. What real argument 
can there be against more written 
evidence, visual aids and even 
satellite link-ups to witnesses? 
The computer should certainly 
ha ve a trial in Court. 

Many of the recommen- 
dations on procedure, however, 
are equally applicable to other 
branches of the criminal law as 
the committee somewhat embar- 
rassedly points out. The time has 
certainly come for abolition of 
the right of peremptory, challenge 
of jurors, whether by defence or 
prosecution. r 

. In other instances, however, 
the committee’s conclusions 
may be too challenging. Abol- 
ition of committal proceedings, 
compulsory revelations of de- 
fence in pre-trial proceedings, 
easier rules for written evidence 
are all the subject of long debate , 
and fixed positions in the legal 
world.. But as the committee 
admits, it would be illogical to 
make these and other quite 
general reforms for fraud trials 
alone. The public will not forgive 
the legal system if it obstructs the 
bulk of the reforms. The City has 
readily accepted a tougher regu- 
latory regime than it would have 
liked. Toe legal establishment 
may not be so readily responsive 
to the demands of public 


The West’s defences have , long: 
relied on. the superior quality of 
Nato equipment and training to 
compensate^ for the numerical 
weight of Warsaw Fact forces. It 
has been assumed that the Soviet 
army was-big, but sluggish, 
commanded by officers unwill- 
ing to take fist decisions on the 
spot This assumption is .no/ 
longer valid. 1 

Some twetity senior appoint-: 
ments in the;’Sovret high com- 
mand have ^‘recently drawn 
attention: to . ■ a . : new • policy. 
Theatres of military operations 
have been entrusted to younger 
commanders of proven ability, 
capable ofimmedrate action and 
independent decision-making if 
called upon io wage a limited 
local war. This peacetime strat- 
egy, promoted : vigorously by 
Marshal - Ogarkov . before he 
himself moved .from Moscow to 
command the western forces of 
the USSR, reduces the warning ; 
which Nato amid, formerly 
expect, when, at a time of crisis, ! 
Soviet forces .went on a war 
footing. 1 . 

In the.light ofthifese changes is 
the West asking the right ques- 
tions about its adversary’s over- 
all military strategy? Is a ught- 
ning strike across Western 
Europe by Soviet conventional 
forces not actually a greater 

Safety In coafinines. 

From the Director, General of the 
Health A Safety E&aaive 
Sir, Mr A. B. Cooper’s letter io you 
(December 31) j implies that the; 
fTaoftft <>„ri mission have- 


i' r-‘ 

1 -* 

-j | — 

Health and Safety Cbmmrssion have- 
recendy -introduced rooposals . to" 
replace the Min® . and Quarni ^ Ac t 
(by 1988) withsjsenes of unenforee- 
able codes of practice. He seems to 
siigggg^.' that tins to do with . 

expres&d dwqiietjn a fetter to you 
(Pfovember25)L ' : 

May I point out that the gramxal 
replacement' of existing mining law 
by a series of pnwjsions; mclu& ng 
regulations : mq l^ally enforceable. 

potential danger .than all the 
massive arsenals of strategic 
nuclear weapons stockpiled by 
the superpowers? Since Soviet 
leaders: arc well aware that a 
major war with Nato, even if it 
did not result in a nuclear 
holocaurt, could mean the end of 
their suzerainty over the peoples 
of the USSR and Eastern 
Europe, : they ; will make every 
-effort 'to avoid . a protracted 
'conflict, .. or even a limited 
exchange of nuclear weapons. 

Yet Afghanistan bears bloody 
witness to the feet that they still 
accept war as . an instrument of 
policy. Indeed, Soviet doctrine 
since Lenin has defined war.and 
pe&ro as complementary steps oh 
the path to communism, and any 
assessment of Moscow’s policies 
must recognize the central role of 
the .armed forces. Military 
strength provides both the basis 
of the Party’s domestic control, 
and the USSR’s main claim to 
superpower status. . 

The ' : experience gained in ; 
Af ghanis tan has greatly affected 
. militar y p lanning at every level, 
from the education system to the 
high command. There is a new;, 
emphasis . on the value of 
individual initiative, with press 
reports praising young officers in 
Afghanistan : 'for : undertaking 
heroic independent action when' 

codes, under the Health and Safety 
at Work Act is a matter that has 

been under-detailed discussion with 
both sides of the mining industry for 
upwards of -five years; and the need 
to " bring the wasting law into 
conformity with easting and pro- 
spective teduiica! progress in the 
mining industry has not, during that 
time, seriously been questioned. 

The need, as Mr McNestry has 
rightly aid, to improve and 
maintain .safety in the process, and 
to curiae that mines and quaznes 
inspectors continue to be able to 
insist On necessary precautions, 
involves -a lengthy process; of 
consultation with all the parties, so 
as to sort out, in the light of 
common, experience, those matters 

cut off from their commanders. 
The pacifist tendencies of inde- 
pendent youth are all the more 
harshly repressed, however. Last 
. Tuesday, Irina Pankratova, a 17- 
year-old member of the sadly 
depleted unofficial peace move- 
ment, was arrested in Moscow 
and confined in a psychiatric 
hospital because she had partici- 
pated in two anti-war demon- 
strations. ; _ 

Mr Christopher Donnelly, i 
head of Soviet Studies at Sand- 
hurst Royal Military Academy, 
argues in a well-documented 
paper to be published next 
Monday that the Soviet leaders 
are pursuing their policies in 
Europe by all means short of 
direct armed conflict. But if a 
war were to break Out unexpec- 
tedly, they are determined that 
any clash in Europe should be 
won quickly, “before sufficient 
. time has elapsed for the United 
States to commit itself to a 
■ strategic nuclear war”. This need 
for speed and surprise has 
initiated a fundamental reshap- 
ing of Soviet operational plan- 
ning which wifi demand effective 
countermeasures if Nato is to 
preserve' its deterrent role. 

• C N. Donnelly; Heirs of 
Clausewitz: Change and Continuity 
in the Sofia War Machine pub- 
lished by the Institute for European 
Defence and Strategic Studies. 

that must be the subject of definite 
requirements from those where a 
dunce of acceptable methods is 
allowable, without relaxation of 
safety standards; 

I wish it were possible to foresee 
that this process could be completed 
by 1988! On that point, Mr Cooper’s 
letter; while ceasing to be mischiev- 
ous, unfortunately enters the realms 
offentasy. • 

Yours faithfully, 


Director General, 

Health & Safety Executive, 

Regina House, 

259 Old Marylebone Road, NW 1 . 
January 7. 



putting academic ideas to work 

Mrs Thatcher’s task now is to 
regain : the momentum of. 
Government. Today the Chan- 
cellor of foe Exchequer and his 
ministerial and cavil sendee 
colleagues begin the traditional 
country house weekend at which 
they lay the basis for the c oming 
Budget The last full year before 
an election is the year in which 
the benefit of continued econ- 
omic growth bas to be brought 
home m the form of more jobs, a 
more flexible labour market, a 
wider distribution of the fruits of 
the economic success. The West- 
land affair has temporarily 
distracted the country from the 
week’s unwelcome news on 
interest rates and unemploy- 

. , But in 18 months time, 
this weekend’s discussions at the 
Chevening estate are fikely to 
have been of greater electoral 
significance than Mr Heseitine’s 
barn-storming around the tele- 
vision StUfeJOS- 

from Dr Bryan Woodward 

S in asserting that scientific, 
demia Is interested only in “blue- 
research” ami not in developing 
research ideas into practical appl- 
ications, Sir Christopher Laidkw 

R - 8) seems to be lin- 
ed with the situation from 
xnic's standpoint, 
principal role is to teach 
who will initiate, develop 
Joit the technology of the 
■twenty "iirst century. 

1 This can only be done effectively 
by maintaining a re se arch pro- 
gramme which niters down into the 
student curriculum and nurtures the 
necessary creative capacity. I can 
assure him that much of this 
; research is of a very practical nature 
and related to real life requirements. 

Far from being unwilling to help 
industry to develop inventions, 1 for 
one am very willing to do this, and 
have done so in the past. But the 
initiative must come from industry, 
as it is impractical and pompous for 
academic scientists and engineers to 
tell industrialists their business. 

The best we can do is to publicise 
our expertise in the hope that 
someone, somewhere, will be suffi- 
ciently interested to offer a contract 
or consultancy of mutual, even 
national, benefit. 

This process is long and frustrat- 
ing because industry is likely to 
approach only those academics with 
a proven track record of research 
manifested by scientific publications 
; and conference presentations. 

To do the research in the first 
place requires money, which now- 
| adays neither research councils nor 
companies win grant to anyone who 
is not already established as a 
i recognized expert. It is only when 
1 research expertise has been acquired 
that academics might be consulted 
, about the development of commer- 
cial products. 

industry Year 

Front Mr Basil de Ferranti. MEPfor 
I Hampshire Central (European 
[ Democrat (Conservative)) 
i Sir. John Redwood (feature, January 
I 8) asks your readers to face the real 
issues during Industry Year 1986. 

Implicit in his article is the real 
issue that we must address. We are 
an industrial society, but John 
Redwood, and indeed most of us, 
are anti-industrial in our attitudes. 

We must recognize, and our 
children must sense, that there is 
just as much satisfaction, as well as 
prospects, in making garden trowels 
and folks as in writing codicils or 
newspaper articles, in research into 
space or producing new pesticides. 
Indeed, the' rewards for taking risks 

Trial for fraud 

From Mr Bernard Lever 
Sir, The two greatest safeguards of 
our freedom are that we send our 
represen tives to Parliament to make 
the law and our representatives into 
the jury box to determine whether it 
has been broken. 

. For centuries, no citizen has been 
convicted of serious crime unless 
either he admitted his guilt or a jury 
of fellow citizens were sure of it, 

I upon sworn evidence called before 

The Roskill committee now 
i advocates the abolition of jury trial 
for complex fraud on the basis that 
it is too lengthy, costly and the jury 
do not understand the issues. 

The length, cost and complexity 
of fraud trials could be reduced by a 
judge determining at pre-trial review 

Predatory perch in Nile 

From Sir Christopher Lever 
Sir, the report by your Science 
Correspondent (January 4) on the 
consequences of the release in 1960 
of Nile perch into Lake Victoria 
draws attention once again to the 
potential hazards of introducing 
alien animals outride their natural 

There are many examples from 
before 1960 of predatory exotic fish 
that have become ecological pests; 
they include introductions to Aus- 
tralia (including Tasmania), Eng- 
land, Mexico (Lake Pitzcuaro), New 
Guinea, New Zealand, Peru/Bolivia 
(Lake Titicaca), Turkey (Lake 
EgridirX the United States, and the 
USSR (lakes Balkhash and Alakol’). 
These should have given ample 

Which chestnut? 

From Mr Alec Bristow 
Sir, It is, I think, quite easy to 
answer the. question posed by 
today's letter (January 3) from the 
Director of the Henry Doubleday 
Research Association. 

Since the horse chestnut (Aesculus 
hippocastaman ) was not introduced 
into Britain until the time of Charles 
1, as the.'- latest sensation in 
ornamental trees, its wood is highly 
unlikely to have been used for 
making our oldest surviving well 
drum dating lack' to that time. 
Besides, its timber is soft and 
lacking in durability. 

The sweet cbesnut (Castanea 
sativa ) would, however, have been 
eminently suitable. It was intro- 
duced to tins country as far back as 
Roman times and its timber may be 
compared in strength and durability 

Wind in the vires 

From Mr Simon Privett 

Sir, May I be allowed to have a 

moan about the vanishing telegraph 

poles? , , _ 

In this part of the country a mere 
hedgerow is fer too lowiy a rostnin 
for the yeflowhammers in spring 

And where are all the swallows goinj 

to meet up in the autumn? 

Yours faithfu lly, 


Crookley Pod, 

Blendworth Lane, 



January 4. 

Taking Sr Christopher Laidlaw's 
view that by developing existing 
concepts we would help to arrest our 
national decline is misleading. Our 
industrial colleagues do this already, 
and they do it very quickly if they 
can identify a market. 

If all we do is to stand still and not 
develop new concepts our p ro spe ri ty 
is likely to drop further. The 
Japanese have not made this 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Technology, 
Department of Electronic and 

Electrical Engineering, 


January 8. 

From Professor J. H. L Playfair 
Sir, Sir Oiristopher Laidlaw's claim 
that more funds might go inio 
research if academics spent more 
time on development, while it may 
contain some truth, does not answer 
Dr McCUntock’s point (January 2) 
that the best new PhDs no longer 
apply for university research posts, 
even when funds are available. 

My own experience from a quite 
different discipline (immunology) is 
exactly the same as Dr McClin- 
lock's, and discussions with both 
applicants and non-applicants have 
convinced me that the problem is 
partly one of morale. These young 
scientists have seen the universities 
under constant attack by politicians 
and heard their values belittled for 
half a decade now, and they can see 
which way the wind is blowing. 

Unfortunately morale takes a lot 
longer to restore than funding, and 
this is the real tragedy. 

Yours faithfully. 


5 Wetherby Gardens, SW5. 

January 9. 

in the maarkerpJace are as good and 
as satisfying as having a go at 
winning a race or scoring a goal, 
with all the satisfaction of contribu- 
ting to raising living standards and 
improving the environment thrown 

Industry Year 1986 is being 
promoted by ibe Royal Society for 
the Encouragement of Arts. Manu- 
factuers and Commerce - all three. 
It is not a lobby for industry, but an 
effort to change the attitude of 
society towards our only means of 
survival - serving our customers. 
Yours sincerely. 

(Chairman, Hampshire County 
Group Industry Year 1 986) 

Milibank Tower. SW 1 . 

January 8. 

the salient issues for" the jury. 
Thereafter, in a free society, nobody 
should be placed behind bars if the 
Crown, employing its best advocacy, 
cannot explain in simple English to 
ordinary people what the defendant 
has done wrong. 

Further, if large-scale dishonesty 
is tried by a judge and two lay 
assessors, as proposed, it will be 
argued with sense force that it is 
inconsistent to allow jury trial in less 
serious cases. 

It would indeed be ironic if (he 
ancient right of trial by jury was. 
swept aside on the coat-tails of a few 
unpunished white-collar criminals. 
Yours faithfully, 


Grange Cottage, 

North Rode, 


warning of the problems that might 
arise from the ill-considered intro- 
duction of yet another predatory 

In view of the havoc wrought by 
Nile perch in Lake Victoria, it is to 
be hoped that the warnings given by 
scientists of Leiden University and 
the International Union for Conser- 
vation of Nature and Natural 
Resources will be heeded, and that 
the proposed introduction of these 
fish to Lake Malawi and other East 
African waters will now be aban- 

Yours faithfully, 


Newell House, 




with that of our native oak {Quercus 
robur ), which belongs to the same 

Yours sincerely, 


The Grange, 



January 3. 

Westland’s future 

From Mr Richard Masters 
Sir, In the past 15 years South Korea 
has moved from ordering nuclear 
power stations on a turnkey [ready 
for u$e] basis to the position where 
for the next two units foreign 
vendors will act as subcontractors to 
Korean companies. The goal is total 
sdPsufficiency in the design and 
construction of nuclear power 
stations, by which time Korea hopes 
to be exporting to third countries in 
co-operation with the original 

There has been a massive transfer 
of technology. Why then, in the case 
of Westland, should a spokesman 
for the Anglo-European consortium 
say that allowing Sikorsky to get a 
foothold would take more and more 
technological work away from 
Britain and “be the slippery slope"? 
How is if that Korea can benefit so 
greatly from foreign licensing when 
we a p p a r en tly must lose? 

Yours faithfidly, 


14 Wick Hollow, 



relations strained 

From Mr Sidney Sugtzrman 
Sir, X am disturbed by Gifford 
Langley’s statement (feature, 
January 6) that “there are some 
Jewish leaders prepared to threaten 
a withdrawal from the Council of 
Christians and Jews” unless there is 
a “repudiation of all Christian 
attempts to convert Jews”. 

My own membership in the 
Council goes back some forty years, 
and throughout the whole of this 
period the representatives of both 
faiths have worked together in 
harmony, meeting on that “Com- 
mon Ground” which provides the 
title of their excellent periodical in 
acceptance of the principle that the 
differences between the two faiths 
are recognised and accepted. 

Understandably some ardent 
evangelists have seen in the contacts 
afforded by CCJ meetings a 
convenient opportunity to pursue 
their own missionary activities. 
These have quickly been made 
aware of the Council's views. Those 
who felt frustrated withdrew: others 
accepted “the proposition that 
Judaism and Christianity are not 
opposed but complementary re- 
ligions’' - a quotation taken from 
The Times obituajy (August 8, 198 1) 
of Dr James Parkes, the Anglican 
priest and historian who was the 
lather and founder of the Council. 

1 cannot feel that my own 
Jewishness is in any way threatened 
by the activities of missionaries, and 
I do not accept the proposition that 
the Council of Christians and Jews, 
having barred missionary activities 
within its organisation, should be 
involved in a campaign against 
missionaries who see their own work 
in the light of a religious duty. 

Where university students are 
concerned, surely they should all be 
exposed to every kind of religious or 
political view as an essential part of 
their education. Those who have the 
privilege of a sound Christian 
upbringing will surely be reinforced 
against subversion; and ray personal 
view is that the best Jewish defence 
against conversion lies in a proper 
Jewish education and a good Jewish 
borne life. 

I can see no good reason why the 
situation should pose any threat to . 
Jewish-Christian relations in Bri- 

Yours faithfully, 


8 Airthrey Court. 

3 Wilderton Road, 

BranJcsome Park, 



January 7. 

W. T. Stead recalled 

From Mr J*. G. Pierce Jones 
Sir, The fate of little Liza, “the child 
pawn” described in Anne Sofer’s 
article (December 30), did not go 
unrecorded on Hayling Island 
during 198S. A conference was held 
here on the life and work of W. T. 
Stead, a resident for seventeen years 
until be died -on the Titanic, on his 
way to address a meeting in New 
York on world peace. 

A most arresting contribution to 
the conference was made by 
Professor Grace Eckley. of the USA, 
who explained her thesis that James 
Joyce had projected the life and 
achievements of Stead in Finnegan's 
Wake. Joyce portrayed Stead as 
Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker, 
essentially a saintly character haun- 
ted by the calumny and suspicion 
surrounding his involvement with 
young Liza, or “Lily” as Stead called 
her in his “Maiden Tribute" articles, 
which sparked off the furore leading 
to the Criminal Law Amendment 

Your readers may be interested to 
know that a memorial garden to 
Stead will be opened on Hayling 
Island this year. 

Yours etc, 

V. G. PIERCE JONES, Chairman. 
Stead Memorial Society, 


7A Seagrove Avenue, 

Hayling Island, 


December 30. 

Boycott of MP 

From Mr Colin B. Moynihan. MP 
for Lewisham East (Conservative) 

Sir, Mr Ken Terry rightly observes 
(January 3) that I did not refer to the 
cause of the action by Lewisham 
Nalgo branch in my letter (Decem- 
ber 30). Mr Terry, however, has 
chosen to use your columns to 
repeal the untruth which lies behind 
N algo's misguided action. 

May I now set the record straight 
once and for all? 

1 am not a director of any 
company which has any dealings 
whatsoever in South Africa. I 
strongly oppose the apartheid 
system, fat I do not believe that its 
collapse and the advance of the 
cause of democracy in South Africa 
will be facilitated by undemocratic 
secondary actions by trades unions 
in this country. 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Commons. 

January 9. 

Happiness repeated 

From Mr Vivian EU'is 
Sir. It was with pleasure that I read 
in Michael Cable’s article (January 
4) on Sting that he had a success 
with "Spread a Little Happiness”. In 
this case, the composer was myself 
and the song did make the Top 
Twenty in mis -country, where it 
remained for several weeks. 

Later, Sting told me that he chose 
mine from a batch of 30 songs, 
including one sung by Frank Sinatra, 

Originally sung by Binny Hale 
over 50 years ago, my song became a 
hit. I never thought to see it 

Yours faithfully, 


Garrick Qab, WCL 
January 5. 



In December 1922 the Reparations 
Commission declared that Germany 
hat not fulfilled its obligations m 
respect of deliveries of coal and other 
goods. In consequence French and 
Belgian troops entered the Ruhr, the 
2.000 square mUea of the heart of 
German industry. The occupation 
marked the beginning of the coBcpse of 
the country’s economy. In 1925 the 
French accepted the Domes plan and 
evacuated the area. 



(From Our Special Correspondent.) 


The most important development of 
the situation here has occurred on the 
other side of the line. It is the move of 
the KohJensyndikat from Essen to 
Hambuig: German “big business” has 
played its first defensive card. 

The rumour was current here last 
night that this move was about to take 
place and on arrival at Essen this 
morning I found the huge offices of the 
concern empty. The directorate has 
taken with H to Hamburg the whole of 
the archives, an action which ia 
calculated to cause great difficulty to 
the French. From Hamburg they will 
continue apparently to administer the 
coal of Germany, fat the Ruhr mines, 
once the French take charge, will be 
without any system of organized 
supervision. There will be no record of 
the capacity of the mines, the 
distribution of the seams of different 
qualities, of prices, or of methods of 
distribution available for the French. 

The difficulty can no doubt be 
overcome - it is not impossible that the 
French foresaw the probability of its 
occurrence - but it will not be easy 
work. The French may retaliate by 
refusing to allow a single ton of coal to 
pass from the Ruhr to uaoccupied 
territory until the Syndicate returns, 
but that would be of doubtful effect. 
The area which it is thought the 
French are going to occupy inoudea, I 
believe, only one-tenth of Germany’s 
total coal area, fat the complete cutting 
off of Ruhr coal would certainly be a 
further blow to the German iron and 
steel industry in unoccupied territory. 


This move of the Kohlensyndikat is 
the first definite indication that 
Germany is not going to meet the Ruhr 
action by protest alone. It has naturally 
given rise to the wildest rumours - I 
heard everywhere, for instance, that 
Krupp’s directorate had also vanished, 
but on arrival at the works 1 found 
everything absolutely normal. I was 
courteously received by two of the 
directors, Herr Homan and Dr. 
Janssen, though I had only asked to see 
the former. It was not to be expected 
that the organizing genius of Krupp’s 
would have omitted to moke arrange- 
ments for a Press bureau, with a 
director. Dr. Janssen, who is present at 
all interview*. Herr Homan told me 
that the directors of the Ruhr concerns 
will bow to the inevitable on the arrival 
of the French, adding: - 

We cannot desert our workpeople* The 
Kohlensyndikat is simply ■ neat office staff 
controlling the whole of Germany's coal 
mines. They can carry on their work quite 
well in Hamburg, but we could not 
administer Krupp’s aw«y from Kropp’s. We 
could not move anything which might cause 
difficulty to the French without that removal 
throwing thousands of workers out of 
employment We have kept things going to 
ensure work for our people since the war; 
after passing dividends year after year we 
finally declared one which, at gold values, 
represents five pfennigs per hundred marks; 
it is not likely that we or other great 
employers are likely to desert our 

This is quite correct. Krupp’s. while 
making good profits in one part of their 
works, are Tunning the re m a in d er at a 
loss; they are attempting to strike out 
on new lines, such as cash registers, 
where they have to fight kmg-estab- 
lished competitors and are finding it 
uphill work. When I suggested that 
Krupp’s, which has had to adapt its 
munition plant to other purposes, was 
an exceptional case, Herr Homan 

You will find it is those great c o ncerns 
which lost their property in Alsace-Lorraine 
and the Sane which have bean making these 
“huge extensions," whichyo® newspapers 
call the signs of wealth. Tne German State 
has had to compensate them for their losses 
and they have used the money to start 
b uilding cip their lost concerns afresh. Is that 
anything which they should not do? 


I had no time to ask Herr Homan to 
explain to me bow bis sense of justice 
could approve of the German Govern- 
ment compensating its own nationals 
before the devastations in France and 
Belgium had been made good. Of the 
attitude of the workers he did not care 
to speak definitely. “Like us, they will 
have to bow to force mojeure , and tiy 
to continue their ordinary work. 
Everything depends on what the 
French demand of them. Much more. 
The German worker cannot and will 
not stand. Certainly the Westphalians 
will not” But when I pressed him as to 
what be imagined the workers really 
would do, he could not say — 

For frozen fingers? 

From MrS. J. Rmenburg 
Sir. Having just cleared the snow 
from my car and put my gloves in 
the airing cupboard to dry out, the 
thought of an air-conditioned glove 
irompartmejit seems eminently sen- 
sible (Mr Aidan Foster-Carter's 
letter. January 6). I wish 1 could 
afford one instead of the water- 
conditioned (in poor weather) 
version fitted to my less expensive, 
fat still allegedly executive, German 

Yours f aithful ly. 


1 9 Westhaven Drive, 


Birmingham, West Midlands. 
January 8. 

Winged chariot 

From Mr IX Groves 
Sir. Can anyone tell me why it takes 
so much less time to get from 
January J to December 31 in the 
1980s than it did in the 1930S? 

Yours faithfully, 


The Smugglers, 

The Square, 




r . 

• • 




^ ,*T:V 



— ,>r 

J* > 3i 

' l*rS: 

lr *£.v 


••■f:*; t 


• lr- 

Sat-s 4 : 

• V; 

; r: "k 

.’ - * 
■• -“TV. 

' . *"i3 

.’•> =i- 
* _ ; -‘«- 

’ 4 "ar 

” i v 

-•■ 1 . 


• r j „ 

•■ **■ 

■“Ti ' 

.'• 5 


*- ! 

=- • .« «s '“r r « 
_ ’ 1?^, . # - 

•pc ^f 5 . r 





Exebiitive Ecfltbr Kenneth Fleet 

miisit Qvi^tervention 

Next weekend's i>ndon meeting of tke 
Group -of. . Hyejfinance .nnniste®s of 

Britain, the U 
France and Ja 
opportunity to 
United States 
Baker, should 
critical ' 

- Since the 
of Five mi 
September 22, 

I States, We^Gtrmany, 
j- has beeiL bj^ed as an. 
iew progres&;lf so, the, 
asury Secfeifajy, James - 
/pect the iewfcw-to be: 

ou$ and instoric Group' 
ig . in. New , York on 

. Ime remarkable exchange 

rate adjustmenj have occurred. 

Then the Ddnd was it SJ.37, and tte 
. 240 yen and DM2.85. 
ites were S 1.4562, 202 yen 
ie dollar has fallen by 17, 
Jt the yen, ;15 per cent 
"k and. 6 pep cent against 

. apart _ 
is that the 
took the 
’ho have 
ith the 

dollar was w 
Yesterday, th 
and DM2.45. 
per cent 
against the 

_ .The probl 
Initial m 
done little 
Initially, - 
market ra 

had to co 
System p: 


Group of five 
focus has ^fitched to 
has been heady 
looks to hye been 
the $416 pillion 

windows | 
had to 

a little'; 
with foi 

caBing the 
iericans have- 
lugh 'inter- 
rise m money 
ain; 'Germany', 
itervened, .have 
>pean Monetary 
by the dollar's 



not mainly for' 
ent reasons, the 
tain. Intervention 
September; and 
last month, when, 
i reserves was the 
through: several 
ity nr the autumn to : 

York agreement, 
icaf 1215 per cent on 

leans? There has been 
here and- there but, 
reserves that make 

: even Britain’s look large, there has! been 
little large-scale. action. More important, 

• despite *a market hope that persisted until 
. a couple of days ago, the US discount reate 
has not been cut The rate has remaind at 
7.5 per cent since May. Pad Volcker, 
Gbairmatr of the Federal Reserve Board, 
;has resisted pressure for a cut and, on 
domestic conriderations alone, has been 
proved right. 

• Dome&c considerations, however, are 
hardly enough. The absence of a cut 
- supports the- view, popular round the rim** 
;of the.New York meeting, that the Fed 
chairman was not over keen on the Group 
of Five agreement While he did not mind 
other 7 countries monkeying around with 
their monetary policies, he was blowed if 
he was going todoso with his. • 

; ' It is just possible that next weekend’s 
meeting will be able to take place m an 
atmosphere of calm, rather than, in a 
bunker beseiged . by raging markets. 
Yesterday, things were certainly looking 
steadier, and the dollar was moving in the 
right direction - gently downwards. The 
pound’s London closing rate of SL4562 
was a 72-point gain on the day. The dollar, 
still beset by lingering worries over what 
might happen if the Arab countries turn 
nasty over Libyan sanctions, eased against 
other currencies. " 

.Pressure on the host country, at least in 
the short-term, may have eased too. 
Money market interest rates edged down 
by around a quarter point in London 
yesterday. Three-month interbank rate 
was 12%~12H per cent. •. 

There is still a little in these rates to 
suggest; that the market has not entirely 
lost its tears that base rates might have to 
rise again. But things have become a little 
more comfortable, albeit it at an austere, 
\ 2.5 per cent base rale. 

load’s coup for Labour 

The gc remmenf inquiry announced 
yesterda; into egidatory arrangements 
made u der th 1982 Lloyd's Act is . 
specifics y aimeJ at establishing whether 
protectio l for Loyd’s names is compar- 
able witl: that tc be introduced for other 
investors under the Financial Services 
Bill This is a ct ip for Bryan Gonld and 
others is the libour Party, who have \ 
campaigned toni. and- -hard oh behatT of V 
PCW . “names”, Fictiins of a £39 million 
fraud- aswell a) appalling underwriting. 
Lloyd's* ra contast has been reluctant to 
recognise 4 s invktors. 

Tbe ^namesiare at a delicate stage of 
negotiation in tfeir legal battle over losses 
Statements of claims are . 
next week to the major 
include Lloyd’s for its 
to i^ulate the market ■ 
vemraent iniry will put 
yd’s to find an equitable ' 


due to ; be ^io 
defendants w‘ 

pressure on 

befoid the 
sortmgout t 


from the 
well as 


e PCW scandal occurred 
oytfs Act was in place, 
t attitude to “names” will 
om the energy it dovotes to 
enduring PCW problems. , 
examine whether the 
[since the Lloyd’s Act was 
. tc to protect “names” 
abuses. Lloyd’s, is takin| a 
md has . promised mil 
S r Kenneth Berrill, a 
enjber of Lloyd's council as 
of the Securities r and 

Investment Board, is happy that the 
council's work for the past three years 
should be looked at by a responsible 

The brisk pace o rule-making under the 
Ian Hay Davison regime since early 1983 
should ensure that Lloyd’s comes out of 
the inquiry with honour intact. There are 
: areas of regulation to be addressed, 

but the bulk of the' reforms sought by the 
Fisher working party of the late 1970s 
•have been impiemented.- 

Lord RoskSTs Fraud Trial Committee 
Report, also publishd yesterday, endorses 
Lloyd’s disciplinary procedures set up 
under the Act. 

The tribunals which Lord Roskifl 
envisages instead of juries are almost 
identical with the panels used by Lloyd's 
to try its offenders. 

The Lloyd’s Act is by no means perfect. 
There is considerable disquiet about the 
length of time and cost of the disciplinary 
procedures. There is also a debate raging 
over the role of the chief executive, which 
Was’ put into finer focus by Mr Davison’s 
resignation. His resignation may have 
been a factor in the Government’s 
decision to hold an inquiry into Lloyd’s. 

Mr Davidson’s successor will be offered 
the same terms of reference as Mr 
Davison, but Lloyd’s clearly expects the 
chosen man to operate not as Mr Davison 
did. It is canvassing its market associ- 
ations on their views of the chief 
executive’s role. _ 

Shell Oil 
faces tJS 



From Mite ( rah am . 
Ne»Yc k 

A. nation wi^bewott of Shell 
Oil was. annonced by anti- 
apartheid anc trade union, 
leaders in Wahingi m. yesterr 
day to try to chan e the 'oil 
company's opeation -in South 
Africa . A’. . 

The focus of the >oyeott is 
the Houston-lssed Sh ell O il 
Company, a viiolr owned 
subsidiary of ths'Rtfal Dutch 
SheH Group, 40-?er i nt British 

The boycott ; - af petrol 
stations and n 01-01 products 
from air freshentfS to agricul- 
tural pesticides -is kpecled to 
be backed by sh its ad pickets 

A spokesman far Royal 
Dutch Shell in KW York said 
the boycott would® nothing to 
change policy in,ainh' Africa, 
adding that the .ampany was. 
committed 10 stewg teens to 
help to promote Jttnw ih fho 

A spokesman if Shell Oil in 
Houston added tat virtually all 
the petrol sold ttitite US was 
refined in the USpr Americans. 
He called the 'ovcott mis- 


He added: 
operations in 
no productstb 
control over 
policies.” - . 

Oil. would, 
damage from 
muchof its 
areas such 

Other She 
cized tee 
will . harm 
intended ‘ to 
service siati 


re have no 
Africa, sell 
end have' no 


id that aell 
suffer much 
boycott as 
came "from, 
toration and 
ifl. _ 


^ because- “it 

.it / is not 
r, su<* - as 

Pressure grows for levy 
on blank audio tapes 

% Teresa Poole 

Record companies stepped 
up pressure on the Government, 
yesterday to introduce a levy on 
blank audio tapes. • 

.Meanwhile, consumer orga- 
nizations renewed their call for 
hope taping, to be legalized. 

The Cabinet Committee is 
soon to discuss the levy and to 
finalize- details of the long- 
awaited White Paper on copy- 
right reform now expected W 
the pnd of next month. Minis- 
ters are believed to be' divided 
over the issue. 

The,. British Phonographic 
Industry, which represents the 
record ' companies, gave a 
. warning to the Prime Minister, 
that 16 legalize home taping 

without remuneration to copy- 
right ownen. would put the 
Government in breach of the 
internationally agreed Berne 
Convention on copyright. 

The reciprocal nature of this 
convention which is supported 
by 80 countries, means that 
British -copyright owners are 
protected by copyright laws 
abroad. " 

Hie European Community 
Group, which represents 27 
British organizations on EEC 
policies, also renewed its press- 
ure against a levy with a letter 
to Mrs Thatcher. 

- Consumer organizations 
consider that a levy would be an 
unwarranted tax on consumers. 



FTIndOrd — .1106.1 (-17.7) 

FT Afl Share : —..674.87 (+5.61 

FT Govt Securities _...81.45 (+0.26 
FT-SE10Q -.1,394.5 (+14.9 
Dat&stream USM ._1 05.84 (-0.91 
(tew York 

Dow Jones ^-^151834 (+0-11) 

-12,998.21 (-35.98} 

„_5S1.4 f-0.3) 
...^l 044.1 (+031 

^..^2,080.5 (r 1.1) 

^780.63 (-12^11 

Paris: CAC jl- 275^ {+-0.9) 

Zuric h: 

SKA General .——.....not available) 

Nikkei Dow _ 


Hang Seng 

Sydney: AO 


tondon fixfhjp 
am $339.45pm-S340.45 
dose 534050- $341.00 (£23125- 
[333J51 ' - . 

New York: ; 

Comex$339A5 .. 


ICC OD Serv. 



+1 .50p 

BSR Inti 81p+10p 

Davenports Brew 315p +35p 
Access Sataffita — . — _135p +15p 
EAnond Hokfings _^.14^p +1 .5 Op 

Bristol Oa&Mri lOp+lp 

Campari inti . — * .41 p +3p 

Sunteoh Electr 
BaBey C.H. 

GtUniv Stores,. 





Acom Computer 35p+3p 

Woodhead Jonas — r— 35p+3p 
TOceonics Group — ~36p +3p 
Granada.Oroup —-.—224^+180 

— 93p+7p 

Baynes Charles —~27p +2p 

Lee Cooper Group 


Plastic Const 

Bnpirs Stores 


Radio City A -~l8p -3 p 

Inch Kai Hub 45Qp -5^j 

Property Tnst - — . — -5p -0.50p 

Reagan seeks more power in 
bid to undo deficit measures 

President Reagan is attempt- 
ing to ondo tte deficit reduction 
measures he recently signed 
into law. by changing the 
American budget process. 

White House officials "con- 
firmed yesterday that Mr 
Reagan will devote much of his 
State of the Union address ou 
January 28 to tee theme of 
budget reductions and his own. 
new proposal to change the 
process 10 give the President 
more control. 

Mr Larry Speakes, the White 
House spokesman, said “The 
President has long felt that the 
budget is submittal to Congress 
and called, ‘the President's 
budget 1 , but from the moment it 

leaves the White House be 

has very little to do with it' 
except for persuasion". 

But privately, high-level 

From Bailey Morris, Washing ton 

officials confirmed that the new 
process is designed to circum- 
vent provisions of the sew 
Gramm-Rudman deficit re- 
duction Act which requires 
across-tbe-board cuts in defence 
and domestic programmes if 
Congress and the President are 
unable to agree. This has been 
the case with all but one Reagan 

“We have finally done a 
computer run which reveals a 
pattern of totally unacceptable 
cuts if automatic reductions are 
required under the new bal- 
anced budget law. This, coupled 
with -tee President's adamant 
refusal to raise taxes, has caused 
us to lock for another device,”* 
high-level official said. 

The president intends to 
propose a process under which 
Congress would relinquish 

some of its budget powers by 
submitting a yearly budget 
resolution, a blueprint of federal 
spendng priorities, to the 
President for his signature. 

The resolution would require 
the President’s signature to 
become effective, giving him a 
stronger hand 
Congressional leaders, who 
are not scheduled to return to 
Washington from their recess 
until January 21, are unlikely to 
agree to any redaction of their 
substantial powers. 

Congress has sole authority 
over the final budget resolution 
document which does not 
require Presidential concur- 
rence to take effect. The 
President submits his fiscal 
priorities to take effect. 

The idea behind the new 
proposal is to turn the budget 

document into a legal compact 
between the President and 
Congress to avoid the political 
stalemetes of the past which 
would triger automatic cuts 
under the Gramm-Rudman 

It requires Congress and the 
President 10 reduce the federal 
deficit in stages, to reach a 
balanced budget by 1991. The 
legislation was proposed by Mr 
Reagan's Republican Party and 
endorsed by him, but last week 
the President said for the first 
time he strongly opposes the 
idea of automatic cuts. 

At the same time, angered by 
republican comments that he 
must accept tax increases to 
reduce the deficit, he intends to 
demand a promise from Con- 
gress that it will not raise taxes 
this year. 

Fritz Leatwilen talks with 
South African authorities 

for Pretoria 
debt talks 

From Ray Kennedy 

Dr Fritz Leutwiier, who is 
acting as mediator between 
South Africa and its foreign 
creditors over Pretoria's stand- 
still on short-term debt repay- 
ments, said yesterday he was 
hopeful he would be able to 
devise “a realistic and construc- 
tive solution.” 

The former Swiss central 
banker arrived in South Africa 
earlier and immediately met the 
country’s top financial auth- 
orities including Mr Barend du 
Plessis, Minister of Finance, as 
well as Mr Pile Botha, the 
Foreign Minister. 

Today, Dr Leutwiier will 
meet Mr P. W. Botha, the state 

The fact that he is seeing 
government leaders as well as 
financial chiefs appears to 
indicate that he will convey a 
clear message that tee way Out 
of South Africa's financial 
difficulties rests on a firm 
timetable for apartheid reform. 

Mr Pik Botha said after 
yesterday’s meeting that “a very 
constructive discussion” had 
taken place. 

The talks in Pretoria came at 
the end of a week that has seen 
the rand strngthen from 39.40 
cents against the dollar to 
around 42 cents. In August, 
after President Botha delivered 
his “Rubicon" speech in Dur- 
ban - which foreign govern- 
ments had been led to believe 
would contain a reform package 
but which offered almost 
nothing new - tee rand plunged 
to below 35 cents. 

At the same time, foreign 
banks gave notice that they 
would not roll over South 
Africa’s short-term loans, forc- 
ing the Government to an- 
nounce a moratorium on 
repayments and 10 introduce a 
financial rand to stem tee flow 
of assets. 

This week's rand recovery 
follows massive reserve bank 
intervention on tee foreign 
exchange market and the 
comparative weakening of the 
dollar against other currencies. 

However h could be short- 
lived, Barclays National Bank 
said in Johannesburg yesterday. 

Mrs Lauretta Getl, its senior 
financial economist, said tee 
rands strength was largely 
technical and that once leads 
and lags were fully unwound the 
focus would return to economic 
and political fundamentals 
“with, at least tee farmer 
expected to deteriorate over the 
course of the year”. 

Mis Gell said; “The current 
account surplus is certain to be 
whittled away by rising imports 
and that which is left is set to be 
used for ‘outside the net* foreign 
debt repayments/] 


London: ■ 

£ Si .4562 (+0.0072) 

& DM 3.5857 (+0.QZ31 ) 
£: SwFr 3.0281 (+0.0202) 
£: FFr 10.9404 (+0.0750) 
£: Yen 294.60 (+2.06) 

2 Index; 78.6 (+0.4) 

£ 51-4550 
S: DM 2.4520 
$ Index: 1252 (-0.6) 

ECU £0.611958 
SDR £0.758430 


London: . 

Bank Base; 12%% 

3-month Interbank 12%-12%% 
3-month eBgible bite 
buying rate 12^-1 


Prime Rate 9-50% 

Federal Funds 

3-month Treasury Bills 7.17-7.1 5% 
30-year bond price 104V*- 104^2 

Fears for 700 jobs 
at Short Brothers 

Fears are growing in Belfast 
that Short Brothers, the state- 
owned aircraft and missile 
company and Northern Ire- 
land's largest manufacturing 
employer, is about to announce 
substantia] redundancies. 

Up to 700 of the com pan y]s 
6,500 workers would go, it is 
feared, after the management 
meets the aerospace committee 
of the Confederation of Ship- 
building and Engineering Union 
next Tuesday. 

Yesterday, the group's chief 
of operations, Mr Denis Head, 
resigned after what are under- 
stood to have been boardroom 
clashes. At the same time it was 
learned that 18 aircraft elec- 
tricians had been made redun- 

The company would not 
comment yesterday, but union 
sources said that last month the 
workers voted the proposed 
introduction of a four-day week. 

The prospect of substantial 
redundancies at a company 
which has been almost alone in 
Northern Ireland in recruiting 
workers and was thought to be 
doing so well, has come as a 
shock in Belfast, where two 
other large manufacturing 
companies have announced 

By Robert Rodwell 

redundancies and a third has 
collapsed since New Year's day. 

A marked slowdown in the 
commuter airline market in the 
United States by Fairchild’s 
withdrawal from the competing 
Swedish-American Saab-Fair- 
chiJd SF 340 airliner pro- 
gramme. has badly affected 
sales of Short's main civil 
product, the SD360 commuter 

Plans to step up the 360’s 
production rate have been 
shelved with the development 
of an enlarged 45-seat deriva- 
tive, while there are no signs 
that the US Defence Depart- 
ment intends to exercise its 
option on 48 Short Sherpa light- 
frcichter aircraft 
Short also makes large as- 
semblies for Boeing civil airlin- 
ers, by it is still feeling the effects 
of the dearth of new airliner 
orders in 1983-84. The revival of 
sales last year, when Boeing took 
orders for 362 airliners, has yet 
to work through to the Belfast 
shop floor. 

Similarly, production work 
on Short’s licensed-built ver- 
sion of the Brazilian Tucano 
basic trainer, ordered last 
March by the Royal Air Force, 
will take months to build up 

Beatle City deal off 

By Ian Griffiths 

A deal to sell the Beatle City 
exhibition of music and mem- 
orabilia has fallen through. 
Radio City, the Liverpool 
independent radio station, 
which owns the exhibition, 
announced in November that a 
buyer had been found and that 
it would move to London this 
year. The mystery purchaser has 
pulled out. 

Radio Gly is now talking to 

two London leisure companies 
and hopes to complete a new 
deal shortly. 

Yesterday Radio City an- 
nounced that it had amended its 
preliminary announcement of 
results for the year to September 
30 to reflect the withdrawal of 
tee original purchaser by ex- 
cluding a £65.000 extraordinary 
loss anticipated on tee sale. 

Japan will 
help meet 
tin debts 

By Michael Prest 

Financial Correspondent 

Japan, one of the biggest 
members of tee International 
Tin Council, is ready to 
contribute financially towards 
resolving the long-running tin 
crisis, and is trying to persuade 
tin producing countries in 
South-east Asia to do tee same. 

The Japanese Government 
has been advised by officials in 
the trade ministry that it should 
meet its obligations under the 
International Tin Agreement 
Earlier in the week West 
Germany, which has so far 
refused to accept liability for the 
ITCs gross debts of £900 
million, indicated teat it wel- 
comed tee burden-sharing prin- 
ciple behind tee latest rescue 

The apparent change of heart 
- if not of public policy - in 
these two important countries 
has given brokers and bankers 
hope that the tin crisis will not 
become a catastrophe. 

Mr Jacques Lion, chairman 
of tee board of the London 
Metal Exchange, said yesterday: 
“It looks as though it may be 
starting to come together.” 

But he warned tee ITC that 
the LME would not listen to 
pleas for more time to find a 
solution. He said: “We can’t go 
on any longer allowing the rot 
to set in.” 

He confirmed that the sus- 
pension of' LME tin irading. 
which began on October 24 last 
year when tee ITC said it could 
no longer afford to support tin 
prices, would stop at the end of 
this month, unless there were 
exceptional developments. 

The LME board and com- 
mittee are due to meet on 
Monday to decide when to 
resume tin trading 

EEC plans 
tariff war 

The first moves were made in 
Brussels yesterday towards a 
Common Market retaliation to 
tee Alnerican imposition last 
December of a 400, 000-tonne 
ceiling on semi-finished steel 
products from Europe. 

A provisional list of products 
was drawn up of American 
imports on which tariffs could 
be raised. The list will be 
refined further by more senior 
officials on Tuesday then sent 
to the Council of Ministers for 

850 jobs to go 
at Debenhams 

About 8S0 jobs are expected 
to be lost as a result of a 
rcorgnization of Debenharo's 
department store business 
annunced yesterday, following 
tee Burton takeover. 

Weir setback 

Weir Group's £18 million 
offer for Yarrow has been 
accepted by holders of 0.05 per 
cent of tee shares. Including 
shares already owned, this takes 
Wctr's shareholding to 28.2 per 
cent Tempos, page 13 

Plessey has been appointed 
prime contractor for two 
research and development 
projects - worth £2.5 million - 
which are part of tee European 
Commission’s programme to 
create a high-speed data 
network across Europe by 1995. 
It will be partnered by British 
Telecom and GEC as well as 
German, Italian and French 

Klearfold launch 

KJ earfold, an American 
manufacturer of plastic cartons, 
is coming to tee stock market 
via an offer for sale of 5.1 
million shares at 188p. valuing 
tee company at £ 1 5.9 million. 

Tempos, page 13 

Air Call sale 

Air Call, the communications 
company, is selling a 60 per cent 
stake in Consortium Communi- 
cations International to GTE 
Telenet, a subsidiary of GTE 
Corp of the US, for £7 million. 

TSB launch 

Trustee Savings Bank Scot- 
land is launching a new 
division, tee Asset Finance 
Company, to provide fixed 
asset finance and specialized 
financial services to commercial 
and industrial customers. 

Merger talks 

Arthur J. Gallagher and Co. 
is holding preliminary dis- 
cussions with the John Plumer 
Group, a Lloyd’s insurance and 
reinsurance broker, with a view 
of merging its London-based 
Lloyd's broker, Arthur J. Gal- 
lagher and Co. (UK), with 






mm h 

1 yi 











6 1 





Our new Equity Income Trust is designed to produce long- 
term capital gains whilst providing a steady increase in annua! income 
(starting yield 6% gross). The trust will enable you to benefit from 
those High Yielding Equities which are fundamentally sound but 
temporarily out of favour. 

Our managers will be identifying such investments in order to 
capitalise on sector re-rating when trading conditions improve, at 
the same time guarding against a maturing market's downside risk. 

in this way the Baring Equity Income Trust should provide a 
balance of both capital and income growth and will become a 
valuable addition to our existing range of unit trusts. 

Ask your professional adviser about buying the new Baring 
Equity Income Trust Or contact Peter Hall at Baring Fund Managers 
Limited. 8 Bishopsgate, London EC2N 4AE for further information 
about this new trust and other trusts managed by Barings. 


Baring Fund Managers Limited 


! 14 


E Am 
ft Am 
F Am 
» Am 
Ji Am 
^ Am 
?. Am 
. Am 

U Am 

■* ; Asa 
J . Asft 
I Avc 
ii. Bar 
i, . Bar 

< l* r 



..Distillers’ shareholders have recently 
been bombarded with opinions from James 
Gulliver chairman of the Argyll Group 
of Companies. 

He claims that Distillers suffers from 
“an inbred management culture.” 

Its problems, he argues, “can only be 
cured by a change of control and the intro- 
duction of new, vigorous management!’ 

The feet is, his opinions are two years 
out of date. In 1983, John Connell was 
appointed chairman ofDistillers. 

He brought with him an entirely new 
management philosophy. And set about 
revitalising the company. 



The management committee that had 
run Distillers for decades has been abolished. 

The main business areas are now the 
responsibility of individuals. 

The management of famous brands 

Milker; Dewar’s M ^ 

and Gordon’s is 

also in the hands M 

of individuals. \ ■ 9 91 

Division was established to promote better 
the marketing of oifr Scotchjvhiskies. It will 
soon be integrated with our white spirits 

Decline has now become growth. 

hi the first six months of this financial 
yeas sales ofjohnnie Vfolker Red Label rose 
by 37%.* 

Cardhu Single Malt was up by 51%.* 
And Gordon’s Gin continued to dominate 
with around 50% of the gin market 

Argyll also argue that Distillers have 
neglected the vital area of new product 

In feet a New Products department 
was established in 1984. 

Currently, there are more than fifty 
new concepts under examination. 


This time, Mr Gulliver travels back as 
far as the 197D’s in his attempt to belittle 

management team has been to protert value 

return to shareholders. 

Thus Distillers’ deluxe braids 
account , for just 20% of Scotch whisky 

volume, but 43% of profits. 

Distillers’ exports ofScotch whisky to 
the U.S., the largest drinks market in the 
world, are worth more than those of all its 


Thus fee Argyll have had little to say 
about improving Distillers’ production 

This could be because they recently 

“a policy decision to reduce investment iri 
Scotch whisky production.” 

great strides in the area of cost efficiency * ‘< 
The new management team has 

continued to tackle 
the problem 


rou are two 

Accordingly, decision-making I 

is more efficient and the response to B m ■■ M B 9^9 B M " 

world market changes is fester fl 9 99 9 B B B . 

Needless to say, Distillers’ new 9 

Accordingly, decision-making 
is more efficient and the response to B 
world market changes is fester B 1 

Needless to say, Dstillers’ new 
style of management has necessi- 
tated the recruitment of new and highly- 
motivated personnel 

Argyll make much of the marketing 
staff they have recruited from among 
Britain’s top companies. 

We too have employed able people 
from successful companies like Unilever 

.But, more importantly, we have also 
recruited young and talented marketing 
executives from within the d rinks industry 

In our 1985 Report and Accounts we 
said we were considering' a share option 
scheme. It is designed to motivate our key 
people and ensure their commitment to 

We intend, after the offer to put this to 
our shareholders for their approval 


Argyll believe that the performance of 
Distillers in the home market has been less 
than impressive. 

In the circular announcing their offer 
they quote sales figures from as fer back as the 
early 1960’s to bolster their argument 

The facts are these: 

In April 1984, a Distillers Home Trade 

Distillers’ performance overseas. 

We believe that' lie has undervalued 
what has happened in the last two years, 
including the purchase ofan American distri- 
butor and bourbon producer for 250 million 

And the increase in advertising and 
marketing budgets of over 17% in the same 

In the all-important U.S. Market, 
Tanqueray is now the number one best- 
selling imported gin and Dewar’s is the 
number one Scotch whisky. 

In the 12 months to September 1985, 
worldwide sales of Johnnie Wdker Blade 
Label increased by 26%. And in the vital duty- 
free spirits market. Distillers’ whiskies, gins, 
vodkas, cognacs and Pimm’s together now 

hold 23%. / 

? - 


It is interesting to ' note that Argyll's 
criticisms largdy refer to volume share. 

This is no surprise since their own 
background is in discount retailing. 

But they really should be aware that 
theintemational drinks business is as much to 
do with value as volume. 

.One of the main , tasks of the new 

Gin and whisky bottling plants 
i have been rationalised and modernised. 

f And between March 1984 ,and 

9 September 1985, Scotch whisky 
“ Wending and bottling costs were 
reduced by 19%. '"Ly-L/iL * *' :j" \ * 


success in the international drinks business 
can be achieved overnight 

- In reality it is much to do with astute 
marketing and image building over a period 
of many years. 

The recent upturn in .: ^Distillers’ 
fortunes reported here is nfore , than I 
encouraging. Tet the changes in^ementefL / 
since 1983 were intended for.Tong-terd[i j; 
growth. ' L- ■ • ^ Tf- 

The major benefits haste stiff to be i 

Wfewiff contmuevriththe strategy of 
protecting arid maintaining our famous 

Product innovation, will continue 

of new brands. 

Our experience in lire drinks business 
will be coupled;; with a positive atritnd« 
towards acquisition. 

We believe Argyll have little to bring 
to our business, 

to om6piraon,thefr highly-geared 
could easily throw Distillers into reverse. 

We urge you to reject theoffec 

This advertisement is published byTheDistiHera Company pic. whose directors CmAttfiagthosewho have dde^de^ed^enriBonofthiadvHtiOTaiflhavet^^iwtoiBbteiaretoeminetlBlt&fictsrtaBdaodeBa 

herein are and accurate. Each ofthccfircctora accepts re^ngMityaccofdmgly . • 

•Source: DCL Home Hade Case Saks statistics comparing the same perkdiatbe previous ymArgyffsOfoI>xtoments. DCL Defence Dqaiment Ai^yfliReport and Accounts 1984/85 statistic*. 




‘ ft 5 

. i 


Edited by Loma Bourke 


The blessings 
of dearer cash 


The ,1 per cent rise in tanks’ 
base rates, introduced this week, 
looks like being good news - 
more or icss all round. 

Interest rate increases, gener- 
ally 'welcomed by investors, 
who deceive a better return on 
their money, produce much 
hand-wringing among house- 
buy ere who find themselves 
with higher mortgage repay- 

However, this time the hike 
in rates has produced a rise in 
savings rates, but as yet there is 
no sign of an increase in home 
loan rates. 

Figures for net receipts at 
building society branches, due 
out next week, will show an all- 
time December record. And 
with demand for home loan 
finance traditionally low during 
December and January, there is 
plenty of money available and 
no incentive to increase rates. 
The societies are content to lei 
thi ngs nde for the time being. 

It does mean, however, that 
any hopes of a cat in home loan 
rates, historically high in real 
terms, have been put on ice. 

Peter Birch, chief general 
manager of the Abbey National 
Building Society, Britain's sec- 
ond hugest, described the base 
rate increase as a “temporary 

He said: “Clearly this puts 
back any hopes of a mortgage 
rate cut buv at the same time we 
have no plans at this stage to 
increase rates." 

This viev was echoed by 
other building society chiefs. 
Scott Durahrd. the newly 
formed Alliance & Leicester’s 
chief general Manager, said the 
society did not intend miring 
any immediate action and was 

unlikely to consider it necessary 
to increase its mortgage rates 
within the next month. 

Tim Melville Ross, Nation- 
wide's chief general manager, 
said there was no reason for his 
society to react to the increase 
m the short term - by which be 
meant “anything up to a couple 
of months". 

Mark Boleat, deputy sec- 
retary general of the Building 
Societies' Association, said the 
increase will reduce societies’ 
competitiveness, “but it is not 
going to lead to any immediate 
change in the general level of 
building society rates”. 

He said: “Societies win, of 
course, be monitoring the 
position carefully and will 
adjust their rates if market 
circumstances require this.” 

Hang on onto the 
middle of the week 

However, with December’s 
total net receipts expected to 
top £1.5 billion, it would 
require a substantial further rise 
in base rates for the societies to 
make a move. This in not 
expected in the foreseeable 

On the investment side, the 
banks’ higher rale accounts 
were the first to reflect the 
increase in rates: Lloyds Bank’s 
High Interest account showed a 
rise from last week’s &25 per 
cent, net of basic rate tax, to 
per cent. Other higher rate 
accounts are expected to follow 

Yet, with returns of 9.25 per 
cent or more easily available 
from building societies, the 
banks still do not look that 
attractive. ' 

It is a different story, 
however, with fixed rate invest- 

Tlm Melville-Ross: No 
reason for increase. 

ments, such as guaranteed 
income bonds. New Direction 
Finance, for example, has been 
offering guaranteed income 
bonds at 9.25 percent 

Would-be investors will do 
well to hang on until the middle 
of next week and see what 
comes up. New. Direction will 
increase its rates to 9.5 per cent 
for one-year, three-year and 
four-year bonds, and to 9.6 per 
cent for five-year investments. 

General Portfolio has a bond 
currently paying 9.5 per cent for 
one-year to four-year invest- 
ments and says there is a 
“distinct possibility" that this 
will be improved on next week. 
General Portfolio also offers a 
monthly income facility for 
investments of £5,000 or more, 
though the return is 
lower at 9 per cent, net of 
rate tax. 

. If you think interest rates are 
unlikely to rise further, now is 
the time to lock yourself into 
these fixed rate, guaranteed 
investments. When rates do 
start to slide, investors with 
their money in a building 
society will see their income 




taxpayer 90% 

Loans with a load 




Investing in a business expan- 
sion scheme is supposed to be 
inherently risky - after aft, that 
is why foe Government offers 
such generous tax breaks. 

' So it seems odd that anyone 
should contemplate raising a 
loan to finance an investment 
in a BES. Tax relief at your top 
rate is certainly a lure bat it still 
does not transform a high-risk 
venture into something that 
anyone squeezed for cash 
should rush into. 

But Pointon York, the finan- 
cial management group based in 
Leicester, has come up with a 
pffc kap *- to finawnft BES invest- 
ments with loans from Norwich 
General Trust, a Norwich 
Union subsidiary. It will lend 
between £5,000 sod £10,000 for 
investment in BES schemes to 
individuals aged between 30 
and 55 whose gross earnings top 
£25,000. . 

up a personal, pension policy or 
perhaps already has a suitable 
one in force, where the lump 
siim at retirement is enough to 
repay the loan, that can be used. 
But foe. lenders will want a life 
insurance policy to pay off the 
debt aswelL 

The loans are at 3 per cent 
over Norwich General Trust’s 
base cate which tends to move 
in hire with foe banks’ base 

At foe beginning of the week 
it was 11.5 per cent, giving an 
interest rate of 14.5 per cent 
(15.5 APR). 

-This is expensive money. 
.Any person of standing should 
be able to get an overdraft at 3 
per cent over base and not be 
saddled with unnecessary in- 
surance policies. 

A 38-yearold man borrowing 
£10,000 for the maximum 22 
years until his 60th birthday 
with loans at 15.5 percent APR 
would pay interest of £120.83'a 
month plus £19.60 a month for 
the endowment policy. He 
could repay the loan in full or in 
part early with no penalties, but 
the endowment policy would 
still rollon. 

Pointon York believes that 
“it would be unwise to invest m 
a BES unless, if the worst came 
to the worst, you could afford to 
lose your m vestments". 

However, there are still 
wealthy people around who find 
themselves without liquid funds 
who should borrow in order to 
jump on to foe tax-saving BES 
bandwagon, says Pointon York. 

Vivien Goldsmith 

IQbtihl j am Far. tweswv$ /n a 


TJnwise to invest if you 
cannot afford to lose’ 





Bank 7-day de 
Bank high Interest) 

Buikfing society ordpary account : 
Buidtng society i 
interest accounts 4 

National Savings im*trneht account 
Money Funds (average 

Nat Savings Cert(31stksue) 

Nat Savings Income & keposji Bonds 
Short-Dated Qflts 1 
Local authority yaarting 
Local authority town ha! 

6.50 6.50 

9.12 9.12 

7.00 7.00 

9.25 9.25 

1.1.5 8.05 

9.1 9.1 



















4 J00 




7.85 7.85 

12.00 8.40 

12.0 8.4 
12.35 8B 


7.85 7.85 

72D 6.60 

72 6.6 

7.42 6£ 

11X2 8 JO 


6 JO 






■IwdMd^b w MnB M ditmBwyluotBdWwiiifflrilM. 

First, investors will have to 
join Pointon York’s Business 

Expansion ri lih — annual 

membership £50 plus VAT. But 
members will then be sent The 
BES Magazine monthly (nor- 
mal cost £49 a year), pins 
Pointon York’s own BES 
Watch listings of new funds. 
And members will "be encour- 
aged to telephone Pointon York 
specialists to talk about .their 
BES investments. 

Pointon York, which spon- 
sored three issues last year and 
has four lined up for this year, is- 
looking -for insurance and 
pensions business from the 

The lenders, quite under- 
standably, are not content just 
to take a charge over the BES 
shares purchased with the loan. 
They require further security. 
Geoffrey Pointon, chairman of 
Pointon York, says: “You can’t 
ensure that BES shares will be 
marketable at the time when the 
loan becomes repayable.” 

So borrowers are also re- 
quired to. take out an insurance 
policy to cover the loan. 
Borrowers will have to sign up 
for a low-cost endowment' 
policy with Norwich Union. 
But Norwich Union is not even 
content with a policy that is 
estimated to meet the cost of 
the repayment It wants a policy 
where the maturity value, 
excluding terminal bonuses, 
exceeds the loan by a wide 

If the borrower wants to set 

Investors’ protectors 


Investors in BES c om pa n ie s 
must be particularly discerning 
in the next few weeks as the new 
issues increase with the end of 
the tax year in sight. 

One aspect yon should 
consider is the sponsor. Some 
recent issues have appeared 
without sponsors and, therefore, 
without the safeguards a repu- 
table sponsor provides. 

A sponsor examines all the 
background to a proposed' 
venture, investigating the pro- 
moters thoroughly, faking out 
references on them and ens ur in g 
that the people running the 
business can be trusted, are 
honest and have the relevant . 
business acumen. 

The sponsor will have to be 
satisfied that the ventnre is 
likely to succeed commerdaUy 
and will gather background 
information, much of which is 
not legally verifiable and wfll 
not appear in the prospectus. 

There will also be an 
agreement, between the spon- 
sors on the one hand and the 
company and promoters on the 
ether, whereby die company and 

promoters give warranties to the 
sponsors as to the actual 
running of the company. 

The point is that If anything 
goes wrong with the business of 
a BES company, oi' the way the 
directors are running it, there 
ought to be someone whom 
investors can ask' to sari out the 
mess. The sponsor, ff reputable, 
should falfil that rede. 

It is worth noting the 
particular ' restraints' that a 
typical sponsorship agreement 
iupauu on a BES company’s 
activities. The sponsor will 
generally have foe right to veto 
any major disposals of assets, 
changes in the directors and 
change hi the structure of foe 
company which prejudices its 
BES status, and any dividend 
distributions or issues of shares. 

Peter Leach, of accountants 
Stay Hayward, says: “A re- 
spectable sponsor with a track 
record and relevant experience 
will impose additional disci- 
plines on the directors. As such, 
a sponsor is very important for 
the protection of investors.” 

Lawrence Lever 



How? . 

* By adnsmgybu which investment gives the 

mOSt iflCCRIiei mm aged 65 wiib bo Bfeassuraaoe could 
expect to recdw 12.6% pa. net gmtstetd. 

^ By reducing your iiKnme tax bill 

aiany retried people koe out unoecessar&yoa the ‘age* afrmiice. 

income in the future. 

KuigiitWfliiamshas specialised for msoy years 
m identic inronre 
~ people. Send fiwfulldetaSs. 

Knight Wiliams 

Independent financial advice. 

| 33 Co* Street, London WlXlHB.(tt-409027L 

| Name— . : : 




plan now for savings' 

Wfe can show >ou how to save money: 
whether you are a parent or grandparent, 
whether you want to pay from capital or income, 
whether you are planning ahead or have left it late. 

cbBds in school fees pfenning Ibr mr JO jots 
D Queen Sued. Maidenhead SL6 UA. 

Phone (U628U4291 

Registered trpUKBHY ftrfa-n iVk/ 
a meinbtr if BIB-i 
Ann mmkd by ISIS 

Plcaw po*a me yair free booklet whkh explain*. Ikm 

1 1 can meet the cws nf school fees. 

* I araQ a pnioiLQ a graolpaiaiu other relative or fhend. 
| NAME -■ ■■ — 



. Return t« SF1A Lti. FREEPOST. Maidenhead SLfi OBY 


— p 


" i" i I ! "'H 



n ‘ m , 




— i— 


4 ' - j- | ’ 

■! i ■! J • 


Ftension Plan Results 

' , Valu e of F und ov erT O years assuimng IQaimualprfc^^ 

. ‘ ^A mount Invested | t Allowing for ta\ rtligf at B0%) I : j • ~ j ' - ; ■ ]soiinx^T^unfed Sax4n^N ogriabrirl9&5. 1 

; | - fiRurw^askuihe that tfn "premiunisWprtpaidlon IstScpiifrriber each yqaF fcoranjeritirig list $e{keiubbr 1975. j j J 

■ i Till* rirsTVantiit nramtum unit 'ngiAmi'15VMMwiiw1gy §~ | j 1 * V' j j ! ’ j j j j j J j 

^TheftrstTi^ premiipn was paid~onl^,K 5vem^ct;'W7 5." 


If you're self-employed or the director of a 
private company, yotfU know all abcAjt the tax 
advantages of investing in a pension plans 

Your biggest problem will be selecting the best 
from the rest. 

Obviously, the most important factor will be 
the size of your pension fund when you retire.'. 

All too often, this decision is taken as a result 
of comparing projected growth figures, whereas 
the only realistic basis for comparison is achieved 

The table above compares the actual results 

of an investment in the Target Personal Pension . ^ 
Plan -linked to the Target Managed Pension Rind A 

And, with Target you’re not committed to 
keeping up a regular payment You may vary the 
level of your investment to suit your personal 

Except, of course, with a growth record like 
ours, we think you’ll want to invest more rather 
than less. 

To find out more, fill out the Freepost coupon 

I Ptea«letraehavefurfoe-inlbnflatfonontheThrgetF^nsionHaiL I 
j frfrmw* { 


with three leading with profits policies and two 1 
other unit linked plans invested in managed funds. 

What it doesn’t show, however; is that the 
Target plan has out-performed afl other personal 
pension plans over the last ten years. 

What’s more, only the Target plan provides 
you with a guaranteed loanback facility* enabling 
j you to draw on your investment whenever you like, 
I with no additional management charges. 

j "mihjvcl U> U*vrt of pr**mtiOTi aralarcvjtubte Security 



B us in ess teLna. 

J Send to: Dept ME Ttuget Life Assurance Go. Ltd, Freepost, 
j Ayiesbary, Backs HP193YA.1fefc Aylesbury (0296) 5WL 



m’,k.r<r , «■ 
r r - 4amn 



The Oppenheimer European 
Growth Trust was the top performing 
of all 716 authorised unit trusts in 
1985, increasing by 73% which was over 
10% ahead of the second best* 

A year ago we advertised Europe 
as The Investment Opportunity for 

Had you invested £1,000 in our 
European Growth Trust on the 1st 
January, 1985 it would have been worth 
£1,730 on the 1st January 1986.* 

Even after this excellent return we 
still believe that investment prospects 
remain outstanding in Europe forl986. 

For further information call us on 

01-236 3885 (6 lines). 


Source: Pfamed Savings. 


JML Mercantile House Group 





From Monday 13 January Lloyds Bank will be maintaining 
the register of all Interim Certificate holders. If you have any 
questions about your holding of British Telecom shares after 
that date, or you need to advise a change of address or other 
details, you should contact: 

Lloyds Bank Pic 

Registrar’s Department • v" 

Goring-by-Sea^* ... • 


West Sussex BN12 6D*C ^ 

Alternatively you can pall the Registrar^ on LinkLine 
0345 414141 ; this number allows yoii to phonefrom anywhere 
in the UK for the price of a Ideal call. : 

Holders of “blue” interim Certificates should not, from 
13 January telephone or write to the Registrar’s Department of 
National Westminster Bank as the records they have maintained 
will have been passed to Lloyds Bank. 

If you have other enquiries about the Company and its activities please 

British Telecom Shareholder Enquiries: 

LinkLine 0345 OIQSGSor 1 
LinkLine 0345 010707 

Shareholders will be reminded of all these LinkLine numbers 
at the time of the next dividend payment in February 

"British Telecommunications pfc, 81 Newgate Street, London EC1A 7AJ. 


The umbrella 
fund ‘fora. .. 
wider market 9 

Yet another unit trust group has 
succumbed to the temptation to launch a 
“fund of funds". Britannia has come up 
whh its Managed Investment Fund - an 
umbrella trust (or dustbin fund depending 
on which view you taka of “fund of funds ’J, 
which wffl invest in a spread of utits In 
Britannia's 28 existing unit trusts. 

While there is no doubt that the profiferatiort 
,of spedaBst unit trusts has left the novice 
! unit trust investor more confused than ever 

1 am but a mere 
mortal - mind yon, 
it took the Inland 
Revenue to make 
me realize it... 1 

Account The minimum investment la i f500 ; 
and the accounts 

rate. ...... 

£ 1 ,000 or more can obtain monthly income. 
Detaas from Midshlras branches. 

about equity investment, there is Sttie to 
i mend any umbrella 

recommend any umbrella fund that cannot 
be equally wen achieved with a good 
international fund. 

However, this is not Britannia’s view. The 
company's marketing man, Keith Crowlev 
explains: "if sspecmcallydeslgnedtD reach 
a wider target market than previous urft 
trusts and ota- promotional material reflects 
mis am, as there Is a growing number of 
people who want to'become involved in 
equity investment via a unit trust but feel 
that tnav don’t have sufficient knowledge tp 
invest with safety." 

The Lloyds elite 

■ This weekeaw Uoyd* Bank open the 
doors of ftsriewprBsttakxiaDrivdB banking 

and trust branch at 100 Pall Mall. LAW* 

makes no bones about the fact that It wants 
none of your hoi poOol as customers here. 
The bank says: ‘Otwffl offer a new 
approach tothe wealthy, combining 
investment and personal balking with A 
complete range of trust sarvtos. AH 
banking transactions wffl be conducted in 
private with the dtents* ownaccount 
executive, who wHIpersonaflylook after 
and supervise every a»ect of their 
financial affairs. We wffl be catering for the 
financial needs of wealthy cSents from aH 
over the world who require private banking 
services tir London." 

Trusts to watch 

H Tha way in which major insu rers are 
fmavilY promoting inheritance tn®s can 
only beSeserfaedas arasponsWaTbe 
Inland Revenue has announced ft Intends to 
2B soma of these schemes, soft la 
l to s&e Commercial Union bffthety 

„ .t Is unlltaJy that throe 

£tfrs ran»ftswiUbesuac8S8fufly8ttadted 

by thetofand Revenue un£rcuram 


djrorent opinion and maw accountants ■ 
remain convinced that aH ^Inheritance 
trust” types of a r rangements are attaacabla 

under existing, law. 


cSsn^tntied and the investor wfistffl have 
trtebenamofaflrat-dassinvestmenr', : 
says Robbie Graham. Commercial Union's 
Bfeaetuary. Bid wffl investoregattte front* 
end charges back too? dearly noL 

Pension pointer 

m A new booklet The Director's Guide to 
Pensions, covers everything from choosing 

Borrowers’ choice 

■ Competition among building societies is 
producing a wkta chotes for wouW-be 
buyers, acconSng to Stay's which monitors 
the mortgage market "lha selection of 
schemes anted specifically at first-time 
buyers and professionals continues to 
widen", says Bley’s January commentary. 
“Moat take the form of reduced payments in 
the first few years of the mortgage term and 
are available from many sources including 
small local bur “ 

Revenue rules 

■ Specimen rules to help companies 
wishing to set up saving s-related share 
option schemes for their employees have 
been prepared by the Inland Revenue and 
are now available. The 1980 Finance Act 
introduced favourable tax treatmen t f or 
schemes approved under the Act 
Basically, employees who are granted 
options to buy snares in their company pay 
.capital gains tax, rather titan (nooine tax, on 
■any profits made. 

Copies of the specimen set of rules can be 
obtained by writing or caKng at the Public 

Beat the burglar 

■ About 50 percent of afl householders 
aged between 18 and 84 have neither 
buSding nor house contents instance 
caver, according to fte British Insurance 
Brokers* Association. Copies of a new 

leaflet Don’t Let a Thief Catch YouOyti. 
and a window strip are available from the 
, British insurance Brokers’ Association, 
B1BA House, 1 4 Bevis Marks. London 
EC3A 7NT. Please send a Stamped . 
addressed envelope. 9<n by 5bt . 

an investment manager to executive 
periston plans and aofltional vohmtary 
: contributions. Members of the Institute of 
Directors, which produced the booklet, - 
receive a complimentar y cop y. Others can 

obtain copies from the Institute of 
Directors. 1 1 6 Pafl Mafl. London. SW1Y 
5ED. The price is £7.95. . ... 

Bonus for a student 

■ Last summer wo reported the problems 
some students were having in qualifying as 
residents of the UK tor tea purposes t 

Blay's Mortgage Tables fists Vernon, 
Middleton, Nottingham Universal West 
Bromwich and Scarborough Bidding 
Societies as some of those offering special 
schemes. However, borrowers are warned 
that there are wide variations in 1 
rates charged, "ft still pays to shop 
around", says Slay's. 

Enquiry Room, West Wing, J 
House, London WC2R 112. 

Prestige rates 

_ If you are prepared to give 90 days 
notice of withdrawal of your money, you 
can earn a generous 9./5 per cent from the 
MWshires Bidding Society wfth its Prestige 

Brighter Britannia . 

B | The imder-168 Who save wfth the ■' 
rftarmiaBuikSng Society can earn 85 per 
cent net of basic rate tax on fire new 
Brighter Savers account. The appeal of 
most chfidren’s accounts is the 1 Treaties” 
and the Britannia account Is no moapflon, 
offering a gift cheque schema for friends or 
parents who want to start off or add to the 
account on the child’s behalf. And there are 

a piggy bank and a choice of a wafet, a 

, a torch or a document folder. Details 
i Britannia branches. ' 


toes (overseas students 

Court of J 

9). A < 

i week (Times Law I 

January 8) of UimreHy Cottage London* 
Newman has set a precedent which may ■ 
prevent such tfifflcuWro occurring In the 

purse, j 

Lord Justice Wtttidns found that even 
though aHew Zealand-bom student had 
spent most of the previous three years 
“bumming around” Britain and other EEC 
countries, he was “oreflnarfly resident" to' 
the qualifying period and should pay UK * 
fees. " *•' 

From the Sunday Telegraph Unit Trust Managers of theTear 

A Communications Tru 

The chance to achieve high growth by investing in the written* 
recorded, transmitted and spoken word. w 

The communications industry 
has developed in a way that has 
revolutionised every aspect of our 

Computers tell robots how to 
build cars, regulate traffic flow and 
guide ships across oceans. 

Telefex machines swap vital 
information around the globe in 
seconds. And all the world 

have never been greater. 

A worldwide selection of these 
companies will form the basis of 
the Prudentials new fond called 
Holbom Communications Trust. 
But from whatever field of com- 
munications these companies are 
drawn, all will have similar features. 
They’ll have stable 



watched the Wembley ^and 
Philadelphia Live Aid Concerts 
through sophisticatedTsa&fliteT.^ 

There’s been the 

such an ideal opportunity 
to share in the profits result- 
ing from the phenomenal growth 1 
in the communications industry. 

Of course, you must remember 
that the price ot units and the 
from them can go 




agement, wdt-developed viable 
revolution in High Street banks, products and . be successfully 
shops and offices. All rely on operating in expanding markets, 

highly developed communication Most importantly, we will be 
links, fax machines, computerised, looking for shares that are 
tills and word processors. attractively priced. 

The world of Public Relations, The other common feature is 

down as well as up. 

To buy units in the Trust, at 
the initial offer price of 5Gp, 
complete the coupon below. 

Or, you can call us on our free 
LinkLine number between 8 ami. 
and 6 pan. weekdays, 9 am- 5 pm. 

this weekend. 

advertising and video common- that they will have been tracked and 

analysed by the Prudentials 
research department (one of the 
largest in the City). 

All of which makes the Trust 


The number is 0800 010 345. This 
offer closes on 17 January, 1986. 




at a 

ications is also 
staggering rate. 

As you might expect, companies 
that are aggressively exploiting 
these new developments are poised 
to achieve outstanding profit 
growth. And right now the 
opportunities to invest in them 

To: Prudential Unit Trust 
Managers Limited, FREEPOST 
(No stamp required). Ilford, 
EssexIGl 2DL-Tel:01-478 3377 
I/we wish to invest the sum of 

First Name(s):. 


the fixed price of 50p. After that 
date units will be available at the 
daily quoted offer prices appe a ring 
in die national press. This offer may 
close earlier at die Managers’ 
discretion. to 

in- Holbom Communications 
Trust (Minimum £1000) at the 
initial overprice ofBOp. 

Please tick the best if you do NOT 
wish to have income re-invested in 
additional units. O 
Your cheque should be made 
able to Prudential Unit Trust 
• Limited. 

Please complete the following in 



Post Code. 

payable to 

Signature: . 

Surname (Mr/Mrs/Mss):. 

If the units are id be registered in 
more chan one name, please attach 
the od^^nrnthohfafs)' inform 
matron go this application form. 
NOTE: Applications received by 
17th January, 1986 will be deak at 




To Buy Today Call Us Free On osoo oio 345. 

Simply book your units now and pay on receipt of our contract note. 

Goieral information: 
foflow wahin 28 days. 

units: Contract notes air normally sent out by return of post, eertifieues wdl 
at the prvaiKng bid poor bv simolv sending the renounced certificate to the 

will nonnallylw made withm 3 days. After the dose of die initial offer, unit 
and shown in the The Tunes, the RnanaaUnKsandoEhemadandr 

1» financial innoanaotrterradonal newspapers. Kemunaanon b padro 
qualified nuennediarig and rates are available 00 request. There is an nital charge cf3%ofthcofir p rice of tana. At 
VAT) qfthe value ofihe fond bd e d ug e d from gross income and allowed for in the 

annual managem e nt char ge ofl%(+Vfl 

. . tSqxember, 1986. The TrnaisJ 

toe Department of Trade and Industry. Tbe Tw* Deed contains pcortBons for die Managers os Ail to Traded 
lions. Managers Prudential Unfc Thar Managers Lsmted. Registered to England, No 179S216. Member ofUnit 
A ~ - ~ T ~ ‘T r A TTiiintfir- -- 

c A s sociati on. Trustee: Barelas Bank Trust Company Ltd- This o&r is not open to residents afEirc- 

The year when unit 

trusts were 

Performance figures for both 
unit trusts ' ami investment 
trusts rinrmg 1985, show the 
best unit trusts substantially 
outperforming investment 

.... With the exception of FS 
Balanced Growth, Guinness 
Mahon Recovery, TR Special 
Opportunities Simon & Coates’ 
Special Situations and Holbom 
International Growth, all unit 
trusts in die top 20 are invested 
in Europe. .. 

Top per form er Opp en heim er 
European Growth showed an 85 
per cent increase during the 12 
months compared with a profit 
of only 59 per cent for the best 
investment trust. Lowland. 

Indeed, nmnher 20 in the 
unit .trust table, Henderson 
European, did only marginally 
worse than Lowland showing a 
return of 53 per cent oyer the 

In theory, investment trusts, 
with their broader investment 
strategy, should do as well as or 
better than unit' -trusts. In 
practice, no investment trust 
completely changes its portfolio 
from one year to another so the 
good specialist unit trust, with 
100 per . cent invested jn .a 
particular area, wifi almost 
always outperform the invest- 
ment trusts - 

The best-performing invest- 
ment trusts are a mixed bag. 
Lowland is categorized as an 
income apod growth trust, 
Drayton Premier in. third 
position comes into' the same 
category; City of Oxford at 
number three. Is a UK fond, 
Mddnrm in fourth position is a 
general trust and Scottish 
I American at nnmb>er five is a 
smaller companies trust. - 
But if 'unit , trusts show 


mists rev- 
can do. Fi 




in terms 
how well an 
'it house 
managers Murray 
three invest- 
the top 20 with 
fund, Murray 
not far behind, 
is no flash in the 
two . years Murray 
has three out of its 
in the top 20 and two 
in the top 20 over 
With only one 
the four Murray 
Johnstone trusts have oat-per- 
formed the average over vir* 
tually my period. 

So ,&r . as averages are 
concerned, there is little to 
choose between the average unit 
trust-and ‘foe. average invest- 

mcnHruM - Loraa Bourke 

- • One-y ear, performance figures 

Unit trust 
Oppenhejmer Euro Grwth 
FS Balanced Growth j 

, TB9.4 ‘ 

gHret&rope ' 167.5 

Guinness Mahon Recpveiy 166.8 
Tyndall European Growth . 166.0 . 
Grofund European . - 1655 f 

TR Special Opportunities 165^ 
Meraay European Growth '164.0 > 
GRE European ’■ V 

Govett European Growth 
HambrosEtirrvean v ^ 

Smon & Comes ** — 

Hill Samuel 

! E : . Investment trust 
1840 Lowland 
172 j 5 FRC Eurotrust 

. t Premier 
r of Oxford 

i American 

'iea5 /Fleming Ctaverhouse 
.1634: ■; Murray Smaller Markets 
1614 .Mporgate 
161CT -'Jos Hckto i^ y 

I &owthJ6^-2 : k Srrarwfte| l & In^^triai 
160(1 Murray totemetlonal 
----- --- -J Europe jsa7 General Funds 
Scot Life European 150.7 Secs Trust of Scotland 

Barrington European 1H.7 Murray Income 
Henderson European. . 1^.4) General Consolidated 

■ £ 




.of London 1335 

A Prosper Ret of Assets133.0 

™ , 1322 







The 25 ‘ Perinv ’ Shares most 
likely to double in 1986! 


ode is now into, its seventh year of con- 
and is of course, the only -investment 
C which devotes all of its day and all of 
study of 'penny-shares' — which to bnv. 

The Penny Share 
tinuons puWicati 
publication in 

its research to _ — — — , Kumj auuis) — wmcnv 

wh«i ta^veanne and wtuchjust could be thenext- _ 

Peck or PentUud Industries , inspired by the success"of 
foeiramaziimRerfwkdioe, both (rfwhich started HfeofFas 
p^iy stows before rising by qinte literally many thous- 
? nds “ay notknow is teatyou would 

were recommended several times, so PSG sub- 
v J. able to buy^with the field to themselves. -■ 

You itiust remember, of course, that ‘penny’ahares are 

iaes, but 

TODAY. Our shtriv nnll L a J-- 1 51 a. _ T 

TOO AY nTC 9 seDQ on K>r tree derails 

sse ^ 

I ftP ^^^Ud.3Fim 8 ^i^Ec^ lA 'o ;T. 

I Name _• 






iHiS IS 

■ tr;- ' 



” -'j. 



* s-.. 

. ">• - •• • 


. 6 .. 

;■ : - •- v 

■» f. • '-a r . . 

V- i. -* • v 

■;d: /fe, 

-j’ :»- ■: > 

j u e 



' its 


J Q?. 

£ in 


J i 










•-■'*•.-*•**•/• ■*>•/• f*- - » - *-V» /.•»• .—'V ~ <^4; > • t'W T. 

*•••'••■• .---- ; : r/ '••• •'••. - it ••: -.• -. • ^ 

- ••■..v.i ■ >, •■ t: <[»;>{ e ^ 


Edited by Loma Bourke 

j ••,••• K- 


The /I per cent fisc m' tanks’, 
base rates, introduced this wedc. 
looks like being good .news - 
more or tessafiround.-; . 

Interest rate iocreasesrSener- 
ally -welcomed by- investors, 
,wbo iecdve a better return on 
their ; money, produce much 
among house- 
o find themselves 
with higher mortgage , repay- 

However, this time, the bike 
in rates has produced. a rise in 
savings rates, but as yetthere-la. 

^ . _ manager, 

Said t*jere>«5iib' %Ai6n ter his 
ssdw^to' react to the increase 
mtitoj foort tenor- bywhich be 
m^° ^^ yfting upto a conpfcr 

’.’IStok B«leat, ieimty se^; 

rtw^ttneral of the Building 
. ^OCJcIj^ Association, said she 
-in^Mtsef-will reduce societies^ 
-opmp^jtiveness, “bat 
' roanyh 

Tim MelnQe-Ross; No 
: -t- . reason for increase, 
in the generfi-fevet ! - 

- . i society rates' , .-:V . meats, : such as guaranteed 
no sign of an increase in borne- ' fie ’said: '*Sodttiefi > vnIL 'income. bonds. New Direction 
lnan rates. . ■• • . . - . r -ftjjfc. ••• fo. v fhanc ft. for example, has been 

position- ^T rfiiffy — awT r- ^tl ofieriag . .guaranteed. income 
Adjust -their rates if maiiBt bonds* 9,25 per cenL . 
drrwistanccs reqnfellasft. 

Le of the week 

-»**- • - 

loan rates. 

Figures for net- receipts : 'it 
building society branches, dim 
out next week, wifl show an aB- 
ume December record. And, 
with demand for- home loan 
finance traditionally, low during 
December and January, there is 
plenty of money available and 
no incentive to mcreasc raies. 

The societies are content to let 
things jride for the time bein^ 

It does mean, however, that 
any hopes of a cut in 
rates, historically 

terms, rave been put On fee. ; .. ^epoefed 

Peici Birch, chief general fixture. 

investments of £5,000 or roo re. 

/Would-be . investors will -do 
■wdl tp tang on until the middle 
of nod." week and see what 
comes up. New Direction will 
increase its rates to 9.5 per cent 

^TT : . for one-year, three-year and 

Howeypi; -with... ppq=mbej*s . four-year bonds, and to 9.6 per 
total net receipts expected 'to cent for five-year investments, 
"top .-£13 biHion, . ;M- would General portfolio has a bond 

percent for 

._ fll( . ■ ments’ and says there is a 

in^ Jhe toreaeeabie “distinct possibility" that this 
will be.unmoved on next week. 

m home loan irTtase rates forthe to curren “Y payi^ 9-5 percen, 

tagh m real 

banks’ . higher^' rate 

ond hugest, described. the base were toe firstto reflect the 

"LPt*" 5 as a “temporary mcreare hL rates: Uoyds Bank’s , £££SHhe . 

lower at 9 per cent, net of 




High Intermv^ccaunt showed a 

swd: “Oearly thS puts rise pear rate tax. 

back any hopes of a mortgage cent, net of base jate^tox, to 9" • ' . 

rate cut bid at the same time we per cent.' Other higher rale if you thmk tnterwt rates are 

have no plans at lhi$ stage- to account are expected to follow unlikely to me further, now is 
increase rates.” ' , . smL^^ '.-the; time to lock yourself into 

This vi ev was echoed by Yet, with retnras of 9J25 per ' these fixed rate, -guaranteed 
other building society, ^chiefs.- cent-'-pc: mare . nasUys. avaflabta .myestments. Whm rates do 
Scott Durwajd, U» • newly from building societies, the SJ 81 ! 1 10 Slide, ^investors noth 

formed Alliaace & Leicester's- - baenks , still ~do not lota ib^t- ^b®? - money m , a - budding 

chief general autnager, said, the attractive:.-',../ society . will see tbeir income 

society did n6t intend taking It is,-; - a - difihta - .-steayi- - cat ^ 

any immediale actirei and .was however,’ with fixed rate invest- U> 



Mon- " 

-’ taxpayer 30% 






Bank high Interest account * .. 
Bidding society ordnarY account i v ' 
Bufldkig society axtn .1 

interest accounts* , ...*' v 
National Savings invtamenttacaunt 
Money Funds {av8rat£pl > 

' 6^0 630 . 1 

; - 3*2 .9.1 2^ 

•; TOO- TJX) ? 


V- . ilQJtS 9 

Z:: '.-'J -1f3 :8J» 




702 •: 

7L& , 

5.1 ■ 













. 62 


Nat Savings Cert(31st%sue) . 

Nat Savings Income & deposit Bonta ' 
Short-Dated Gils 

Local authority yearfttg konds ' 

Local authority town taBbonds 


; z 7&5 '■ ; 

. 1Z00 A40 . 

■•'."••12.0 fl.4 
. . 12J35' 8.8 : 

TBS ! 
730 - 





63 . 


6.00 ’ 






• 4.95 

VM»rtfluUDiadlnB»oiWW B ii^won dni MiBi tt ! ■ >! ( ■ 

Loans with a load 



Investing in a. business expan- 
sion sdhetne is supposed to be 
ijtoerentiy risky- -- after all, that 
is why the Government offers 
suchgfcneroustax breaks. 

So it seems odd that anyone 
should, camemphue raising a 
haw to finance an investment 
in a B3& Tax relief at your top 
rate is certainly a lure tat it stfil 
does not transform a high-risk 
venture into something that 
anyone squeezed for cash 
should rush into. 

- But.Pointon York, the finan- 
cial manage m en t group based in 
Leicester, has come up with a 
package to finance BES invest- 
ments with loans from Norwich 
General' Trust; a Norwich 
Union subsidiary. It win lend 
between £5,000 mid £10,000 for 
mveszment zn BES schemes to 
individuals aged between 30 
and 55 whose gross earnings top 

up a personal pension policy or 
perhaps already has a suitable 
one in force, - where the lump 
sum at retirement is enough to 
repay the loan, that can be used. 
But the lenders will want a life 
insurance policy to pay off the 
debt as well. 

• The - loans are at 3 per cent 
over Norwich General Trust’s 
base rale which tends to move 
in line , with the banks* base 

At the beginning of the week 
it was 1 1.5 per cent, giving an 
interest rate of 14.5 per cent 
(15.5 APR). 

This is expensive money. 
Any person of standing should 
be able to get an overdraft at 3 
per cent over base and not be 
saddled with unnecessary in- 
surance policies. 

A 38-year-old man borrowing 
£10,000 for the maximum 22 
years until his 60th birthday 
with loans ai IS. 5 per cent APR 
would pay interest of £120.83 a 
month plus £19.60 a month for 
the endowment policy. He 
could repay the loan in full or in 
part early with do penalties, but 
the endowment policy would 
still roll oil 

Pointon York believes that 
“it would be unwise to invest in 
a BES unless, if the worst came 
to the worst, you could afford to 
lose your investments” 
However, there are still 
wealthy people around who find 
themselves without liquid fluids 
who should borrow in order to 
jump on to the lax-saving BES 
bandwagon, says Pointon York. 

Vivien Goldsmith 

j.GttiHtsomFffKtwe$TM /ha 
3vsm<?> ewmmf* ^ 

^Unwise to invest if yon 
cannot afford to lose* 

Fust, investors will have to 
join Pointon York’s Business 

Expansion f'tofr — annual 

membership £50 plus VAT. But 
members wtB then be sent The 
BES Magazine monthly (nor- 
mal "cost £49 a year), plus 
Pointon . York’s own BES 
Watch listings of new funds. 
And members win be encour- 
aged to telephone Pointon York 
specialists to talk about their 
BES investments. 

Pointon York, which spon- 
sored three issues last year and 
has four lined up for this year, is 
looking -for insurance- and 
pensions business from the 

■ - The . lenders. <£ute 1 under- 
standably, are not content just 
to take; a charge over the BES 
shares purchased with the loan. 
They, .require further security. 
Geoffrey Pointon, chairman of 
Pointon York, says: "You can't 
ensure that BES shares will be 
marketable at the time when the 
loan becomes repayable.” 

So borrowers are also re- 
quired to. take out an insurance 
policy .to cover the loan.' 
Borrowers win have to sign up 
for a low-cost endowment 
policy with Norwich Union/ 
But Norwich Union is not even 
content with a policy that is 
estimated to meet the cost of 
the repayment: It wants a policy 
where the maturity value, 
excluding terminal bonuses, 
exceeds the loan by a wide 

If the borrower wants to set 


Investors’ protectors 

Investors in BES companies 
must be particularly discerning 
in the next few weeks as the new 
issues increase with the end of 
the tax year in sight. 

One aspect you should 
consider is the sponsor. Some 
recent issues have appeared 
without sponsors and, therefore, 
without the safeguards a repu- 
table sponsor provides. 

A sponsor examines all the 
background to a proposed' 
venture, investigating the pro- 
moters thoroughly, talcing out 
references oa them and ensuring 
that the people naming the 
business can be trusted, are 
honest ayid have the relevant 
business acumen. 

The sponsor will have to be 
satisfied Hhat the venture is 
likely to succeed commercially 
and win gather background 
information, much at which is 
not legally verifiable and will 
uot appear in the prospectus.' 

There will also be an 
agreement, between the spon- 
sors on the one hand and the 
company and promoters on the 
other, whereby the company and 

promoters give warranties to the 
sponsors as to the actual 
running of the company. 

The point is that if anything 
goes wrong with the business of 
a BES company, or' the way the 
directors are running it, there 
ought to be someone whom 
investors can ask' to sort out the 
mess. Tim sponsor, if reputable, 
■hnpH fulfil that role. 

It is worth noting the 
particular 1 restraints that a 
typical sponsorship agreement 
imposes on a BES company's 
activities. The sponsor toll 
generally have the right to veto 
any major disposals of assets, 
changes in the directors and 
change in the structure of the 
company which prejudices its 
BES status, and any dividend 
distributions or issues of shares. 

Peter Leach, of accountants 
Stoy Hayward, says: “A re- 
spectable sponsor with a track 
record and relevant experience 
wiQ impose additional disci- 
plines on the directors. As such, 
a sponsor is very important for 
the protection of Investors.” 

Lawrence Lever 





IDOSt inGOmC a mu aged 65 wttb no life assurance could 
opect to recent 12.6% pa. neguannteed. 

^ By reducing your income tax bill 

tuny retired people kw oar annecessaflyoa tfae 1 ^ge'jUowace. 

% By makingyour capital grow to increase your 
income in tfcie future. 

Kcighr Williams has specialised for many years 
in identifying income investments fix retired 
people. Send for full details. 

Knight Williams 

Independent financial advice, 

| 33 Cork Street, London W1X 1HB. 01-409 0271- 

| Name 1HH1 

gj Address 




plan now for savings 

Wfe can show you how to save money: 
whether you are a parent or grandparent, 
whether you want to pay from capital or income, 
whether you are planning ahead or have left it late. 

Specialise in scfaool Gee, planning for nwr 30 jean 
Hj Queen Sums. Maidenhead SL6 UA. 

Phone (0628| 34291 

ftijMiW /ntunwir Bwien tmJ 
ii metiihrr if B!B\ 
Riiiminivtli-J by ISIS pits* ine \inir live htikta utiwh explain-, hois 

I I can meet ihc w*sl itf schunt lew 
I inn n a parent. PI a grandparent. iXhcr tvlauvc or friend, j 
■ NAME — 



^Return in SFIALU. FREEPOST. Maidenhead SLfrUBY il“ J 













mm 1 









If yoLfre seif-ert^oyed or ^ j|£ector of a 
private company, youHl. know an.^aboit the tax 
advantages of investing in a 

And, with Target you’re not committed to 
keeping up a regular payment You may vary the 
level of your investment to suit your personal 

from the restT~ - >'• ■ Except, of course, with a growth record like 

Obviously, the most impartan^ be ours, we thmk you’ll want to invest more rather 

the size of your pension fund when ymtr^ire: ,. than less. 

A 11 tUic Hdarricnmi K n 

UA- VI jvu* " ’ — r : , t ' 

All too o fteA this dedsran is takeaasa result 
of compiling projected growth figures, whereas 
the only realistic basis for comparison is aghi^yed 
growth. : • 

The table above compares the a<^Tesi^s 
of an mvestraent in the Target Perstsial Bensksi 
Plan -finked to theTai^Mmiagedl^naQnPtoi ^ 
with three leadfitg with profits policies and twp\ 
other unit finked plans invested in managed tods. \M 
What it doesrft show. howeva; a that. the V ; = 
TVirgpt piar> has oiit-perfornied afi otfa* personal 
pension plans over the lasf ten years. 

Whatfe more, only the Taiget ito. provides 
you with a guaranteed loanback ferility* oiabfcg 


lb find out more, fill out the Freepost coupon 
belowi : ' 

Please let me have fintherinfiKifration on the Target P&iskm Ran. 

Business teLno 

S^nd to: D^t ME Ttaget life Assurance Co. Ud, Fneepost 
Astestao; BudtsHFlfl ;3Z^Td:Ayle*ray(0296)6B4L 

youtodrawotij^-*----!----— - L — 

with noaddittohal manag^n^t (haiges. 

‘Suhjwi in lwN of prwtiran mid a«vpt»Hrs«mrty-- 




UNrrriUgTfrUEE ASSURANCE ■ pensions- finanoal man agemd^ 

The Oppenheimer European 
Growth Trust was the top performing 
of all 716 authorised unit trusts in 
1985, increasing by 73% which was over 
10% ahead of the second best.* 

A year ago we advertised Europe 
as The Investment Opportunity for 

Had you invested £1,000 in our 
European Growth Trust on the 1st 
January, 1985 it would have been worth 
£1,730 on the 1st January 1986.* 

Even after this excellent return we 
still believe that investment prospects 
remain outstanding in Europe for 1986. 

For further information call us on 

01-2363885 (6Hnes). 

*Offer to bid 12 months to 11.86 net income reinvested. 

Source: Planned Savings. 


M Mercantile House Group 


y:. :?>?,«f f'^'V-vir.i '■£•$. 



With over eight hundred unit trusts available and more being launched each month, how do you 
know which to choose? In reality there are only three basic types of unit trust, and M&G has an out- 
standingly successful example of each: Recovery Fund for capital growth, Dividend Fund for 
income, and SECOND General for a balance 

between income and growth. 

You should remember that new funds or 
funds which suffer a change of management 
are likely to be more of a gamble than those 
which can point to a long arid successful record. 
M&G’s investment team has remained largely 
unchanged for many years, and our long-term 
performance record reflects this. Past perform- 
ance cannot be a guarantee for the future, but it 
is usually the best measure you have of a fund's 
likelihood of achieving its objective. 

We are offering an extra 1% unit allocation if 
you invest £1,000 or more and 2% if you invest 
£10,000 or more per Fund. 

The price of units and the income from them 
may go down as well as up. This means that unit 
trusts are a long-term investment and not suit- 
able for money you may need at short notice. 


H you need income which will grow over the years M&G Dividend Fund 
could be your ideal investment The Fund invests in a wide range of 
ordinary shares and aims to provide above average and increasing 
income and a yield about 50% higher than the FTT. Actuaries All-Share Index. 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. £10000 invested in Income ante at the 
launch <A M&G Dividend Fund on 6th Man 19M, compared with a simiar 
investment in a Bidding Society 

Yew ended 










6 May '64 




























NOTES A. income figures shown are net of basic fate tax. 

KriTrrur. recovery fund second general 

M&G Recovery Fund is probably the most successful unit trust ever 
launched and the table below shows just how well it has achieved its aim 
of capital growth. The Fund buys the shares of companies which have 
fallen on hard times. Losses must be expected when a company fails to 
recover but the effect of a tumround can be dramatic 

M&G SECOTti) General Trust Fund aims for consistent growth of both 
capital and income and has a 29-year performance record which is 
second to none. It has a wide spread of shares mainly in British 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. Value of £10000 invested at the launch 
of M&Li Recovery Fund on 23rd May 1969. with net income reinvested. 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. Value o< £10X00 invested at the 
launch of M&G SECOf® General on 5ft June: 1956. with net income remvested. 

Tear ended 



£10,000 £10,000 £10,000 £10,000 

11,760 8.570 11,020 11.058 

26*00 11,121 21*283 16.178 

102^560 17,287 40,175 25,521 

270300 49.474 55248 40.168 

NOTES All figures include reinvested income net of base-rale lax. 

The Bulking Society figures are based on an extra interest account affemg'lWK 
above the average yearly rate (source: Bukfing Societies Association). 

M&G Recovery figures are at realisation values. 

FURTHER INFORMATION On 7th January 1986 offered 
twees and estimated gross current yields were 

Incoma Accumulation Yield 
Recovery Fund 284-Op xd 364.1 p 3-70% 

Dividend Fund 349 1 p xd 3008-6p 5-54% 

SECOND General 603-2pxd 1176 7p 3-94% 

Pnees and yields appear daily in the Financial Times. The 
difference between the 'offered' price (at which you buy urvts) 
and the 'bid' price (at which you sell) is normally 6%. An initial 
charge of 5% is included in the offered price and an annual 
charge of up to 1% of each Fund's vafue - currently *4% - plus 
WAT is deducted from gross income. Income for Accumulation 
units is reinvested to increase their vafueand for Income units it 
is distributed net of basic-rate tax on the Wowing dates: 

Recovery Dividend SECOND 


Afl applications received by 5th ApriL1986 will be given an extra 1% allocation of units. 

This win increase to 2% for applications of £10,000 or more per Fund. 

Please invest the sum(s) indicated below in the Fund(s) of my choice [minimum investment 
9 in each Fund: £1,000} m ACCUMULATION /IN CO WE units (delete as applicable or 
■ Accumulation units will be issued for Recovery and SECOND and Income units will be issued for 

I Dividend) at the price ruling on receipt of this application. DO NOT SEND ANY MONEY. 

A contract note mil be sent loytxi stating a — g — — — — 

exactly how much you owe and the settlement iozl 
dale. Your cenricatewA lota* shortly. } — " ■ • 

Ybu can buy or sell units on any business day Contracts for 
purchase or sale will be due for settlement two to three weeks 

later. Remuneration is parable to accredited agents; rates are 
available on request The Trustee for Dividend and Recovery is 
Pic. The Funds are all wider-range inve s tments and are 
authorised by the Secretary of Slate tor Trade and industry 
M&G Securities Limited, Three Quays, Tower HR. 

London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01-626 4588. 

Member of the Unit Trust Association. 


I'T;.- '■? • 1 * >; 'fr'i-. 



If you had chosen fifteen years ago to 
save £20 a month in a building society, 

save £20 a month in a building society, 
and had (eft the interest to accumulate, 

by 1st October 1985 your total outlay of 
£3,600 would have built upto £7,192. On 

Your Savings Plan subscriptions go into 
Accumulation units of the Fund you choose 
and income is reinvested automatically after 
basic-rate tax. Further detafc of the Funds and 

the other hand, if you had chosen to save 
the same amount each month in one of 

our larger unit trusts, M&G SECOND 
Genera (Trust Fund, you would have built 

General Trust Fund, you would have built 
up an investment worth £15,724, an 
extra £8,532. 

You can start an M&G Unit Trust 
Savings Plan with as fitsle as £20. You need 
not subscribe regularly but we strongly 
recommend that you do so, by completing 
the Bankers Order form. By saving a 
regular amount you make fluctuations in 
the stockmaricet work to your advantage 
because more units are bought when their 
price is low than when it is high. 

Unit Trusts are an excellent method 
of investing in the various stockraarfcets 
of the world, and are ideal for regular in- 
vestment over the longer term. They are 
not suitable for money you may need at 
short notice. 

The price of units and the income 
from them may go down as well as up. 


A MONTH BY 1st OCT. 1985 

the Rules of the Plan are av^able on request 
AH the Funds are wider-range investments and 
are authorised by the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry 

The only charges are these you normally 
pay with unS trusts- 5% inducted in the initial 
price of mts and up to 1% amuafly [currently 
limited to *«% except for International Income 

Fund whidi isl^y for management There are 
no extra charges for this Savings Plan. 

"'liMHi 'IT' 19 1 ' II 

M&G Dividend 2,268 7J00 

M&G Recovery 2,058 8,200 

M&G SECOND 1.960 7.084 

FT. Industrial 

Ordinary Index 2,020 5,793 11,430 

Bidding Society 

Savings Account 1,491 3.832 7,192 

You can vary the amount you pay and 
you are free to cash in your axumuiated invest- 
ment or part of it at any time without penalty 
The securities in a unit trust are held in 
safe custody by the Trustee (one of the major 
baiks). You can follow the progress of your 
plan by looking up the price of units and the 
current yield in the Financial Times or other 
leading newspapers. You buy units at the 
‘offer’ price and sell at the ‘bkf price 

Source: Planned Savings. 

AD performance figures include income rein- 
vested net ot basic-rate tax. The figures lor the 
M&G Funds .are ‘bxf prices. You should 
remember that past performance is no guarantee 
for the figure. 


The mBrnnumags for the Unit TrastSavings 
Plan is 14, but accounts for younger c h ildren 
can be opened in the name of an adult end 
designated with the child's fufl name. 

IHEIQUJV5 1 0NTO MU. LONDON C&R 680 TEL0I6M4S88 IMnnM>o>neUal TriBlAsvxutttv I 


I |( m * n | If no Fund warded vourntaiufll I 

I WISH TO SUBSCRBE [£ -00 £20) 

each month to the M&G Urdt foist Swicss Plan 
and I enclose a cheque (made payable to M&G 
Securities Limited) for my first wbscriptianol 
~ “ [you may wish to start you- 

plan with a lumpsum). 

I wish my subscriptions to be invested in the 
Fund circled. 

H no Fund e, circled your plan 

be finked ta M&G SECOND 















[Tankers order do not detach from enrolment form 

£$* m-m-m sr 

See yW Cheque 
book for tleWS 

tmamiuyin national Il htB iiin nw Bank PLC. 191 MouiitttiaMnwt.Owfc arf ord CM2 OUL 
Account R* 55713270 lor BwcredJ of M&G Socsrltfe* United (SAnNGSPUUiACCOUNUquone 

Account No. (LEAVE 8LAW) 

JX [ oath* 

<fa yni IQ andcontnuetopaynutanouaDnOM «ftyafMd! 

■mmih/ qinffr unrf further order n wnbng (rom me. ffld Otbil nry account wth yOo from WM to tnn wtb web payments. 

The units mutt be regain#} m the none of M8G 
Seamens bmdadanCheldfar^ourxcomuntier^a 
rules of the plan If the Sowngs Plan accounts being 
name of the cMd 

I understand that further subscnpfMWB can tw made at any time 
' [mnfnwn£2(Sardthal{anrealisentylBkhigonanYtju5«M 
day without penalty at UkW once rvkng. 

RrpUcr« e tettaitf So SOUS. 
KipUcndalhci KalMNe 

This offers not available to residents 
si the Republic oi hell'd 

;-t; s- - .V 


Where cash 


This week’s flotation of Andrew 
Lloyd Webber’s Really Useful 
Group, netting the composer an 
even more useful £10 million or 
so, brings sharply into focus the 
very huge financial rewards of 
hining it right in the entertain- 
ment business. 

But shareholders in RUG. 
which last year made the bulk of 
its profits from the royalties of 
Cals, are unlikely to reap as 
large returns, or as quickly, as 
the investors who backed the 
original West End production 
four years ago and have now 
received their stake money back 
eight times over. 

By the standards of the 
entertainment industry RUG is 
tow-risk - bluechip even - as it 
owns the copyright to a string of 
Lloyd Webber successes. 

Investing directly in a future 
theatrical production, sight and 
sound unseen as it were, is a 
much more speculative affair, 
though the equivalent of share- 
holders’ perks comes in the 
form of first-night seats, but not 
alwavs free ones. 

“ Angels”, . the traditional 
name for investors who back a 
producer's fancy, have to be 
prepared to lose all their money. 

But despite the staggering 
sum involved in staging a 
production - or perhaps be- 
cause of it - the punter with a 
small amount to gamble can 
still enjoy his share of first-night 
nerves through theatrical syndi- 
cates that enable him to buy a 
piece of the West End action, 
sometimes for £1 ,000 or less. 

‘Most shows do 
not make money’ 

“The conventional concept of 
an angel as a wealthy friend of 
the producer who likes to go to 
tile first night is out now.” says 
Michael Campbell Bowling, of 
Stage Payments, which acts as a 
theatrical broker. 

"With all these musicals In 
the West End costing at least 
half a million or even more 
than a million to put on, 
producers have to look outside 
their own circle of contacts for 
financial backing.” 

Through a broker such as 
Stage Payments, punters can 
invest in forthcoming pro- 
ductions. The minimum unit 
used to be £500. Now it is 
around £1,000 and will prob- 
ably rise to £2,000 this year, 
given the mounting cost of West 
End productions. 

In addition to the cash, the 
investor pays a front end fee of 
7.5 per cent, but there are no 
other charges.- 

From then on you get your 
returns, or take your losses, in 
the same way as traditional 
angel backers. The financial 
backers recoup their money first 
after initial costs are covered. 
Then the profits, if any, are split 
60-40 between the backers and 
die producer. 

The snag, according to Mr 
Campbell Bowling, is that most 
shows do not make money. Of 
the 16 shows for which he has 
arranged backing, five have 
been smash hits, five have been 
abject flops and the rest have 
more or less broken even. Stage 
Payments never puts up more 
than half the cash for any one 

“It's not an investment - it's 
a gamble, a speculation. I mean. 




ABN Bank 

Adam & Company 

BCC1 - 

Citibank Savings 1 

Consolidated Cnds 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoare & Co 

Lloyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank Scotland 


Citibank NA 

t Mortgage Base Rale. 




lafiMM CnwlaiBat 

Ur (forbade mm parent 

10 - 50 % = 1500 % 

Minimum H w —M M OM 
Fixed 1 year term. No withdrawals. 

Interest paid vendor term. 


u torlwt by Umih , 

We are able to offer investor* up 
to 108% allocation of units in the 
new Performance Plus Bond with 
NEL Britannia. 

For farther debits or an application 
form, please contact us Ot 


370 Cranbrook ftoad 
Gants Hffl, Hfbrd 
E8S6X 1G26HY 
Telephone: 01-518 1218 

Ambitious, costly shows like Starlight Express take longer to show a return 

it’s a question of whether you 
back a horse in the 2_3& at 
Newmarket or have a flutter in 
the theatre. 

“People who do it like the 
theatre, enjoy being Involved, 
and find it glamorous. You 
shouldn't do it unless you are 
prepared to lose the lot." 

The rewards, however, can be 
spectacular. Investors who 
bought £500. units in Eviia 
seven years ago have recouped 
their cadi six and a half times 
over. Those who put up money 
for the current smash hit 
musical Me and A fy Girl, which 
opened 10 months ago, .have 
already recouped their money 
and received their first profit. 

Those who backed Les 
Miser ables are clearly going to 
do well, judging from the 
difficulties of getting a ticket, 
but success at the box office 
does not automatically mean 
huge rewards for angels. 

A few months ago indivi- 
duals who backed Starlight 
Express pronounced themselves 
dissatisfied with the returns 
they received after recouping 
their money. Escalator clauses 
in royalties based on gross box 
office receipts reduced the 
amount of investors' returns. 

How,- then, to pick a winner, 
or just something that does not 
lose money? The -track record is 
obviously important - although 
even after the success of Evita, 
apparently, it .was hard to get 
- the money for Cats because 
everyone was sceptical about 
the theme. 

The production should have 
the right arithmetic. The budget 
should show breakeven az nine 
months at 60 per cent capacity, 
though expensive shows such as 
Starlight Express (cost £2.2 
million) have taken longer. 

“Musicals are enjoying a 
tremendous , vogue." says .Mr 
Campbell Bowling. "There are 
Urn Rice's Chess. Andrew 
Lloyd Webber’s Phantom cf the 
Opera, and Time with Cliff 
Richard coining this year." 

There is no magic formula. 
With hindsight we conld all 
pick the winners. Bin when you 
have to pot your money up 
perhaps a year in advance, oh 
the basis of a glimmer in a 
producer’s eye, things are . nit 
nearly as dear. 

And the type of production 
that small investors get a crack 
at tend to be the high-cost high- 
risk ones. • A producer who 
wants to raise £150,000 for a 

jday can still probably drum up 
' the cash from his own contacts. 

' According to Ken Renton, of 
Wentworth Asset Management, 
a portfolio management group, 
that directs some of its laves-.' 
tars’ cash, if they wish, .into 
Inciting theatrical ventures, it . 
has been hard to find a loser in ' 
the past 18 months. 

Mr Renton says: “The: West 
End has been doing really well 
but of all the American visitors 
and the big musicals have been : 
terribly successful.” 

Wentworth, is putting the 
finishing touches to a Business 
Expansion Scheme with a view 
to raising £1 million to stage Me 
arid My. Girl in the USL 

There are attractions in 
taking your gamble with the 
benefits of full tax relief bat - 
you have to take a five-year , 
view on your shares. It looks a 
better bet as you get a capital 
profit, and tax relief on the 
original investment 

Returns under the angel 
system are taxed as income. 

Maggie Drummond 

Stage Payments, 13 Thurloe 
Place, London, SW7. Went- 
worth' Asset Management, 14 
King Street, London EC2 



. . -sgsiTescsn 
iauTwncY * 
S WITH YC&T? r .& 

Green Park Health Care Pic. 

Green Park Health Care Pk wfll operate nursing homes, residentialhomes sbmL day care facilities, under a 
concept of co-ordinated care for the eJderfy. 

★ Two important properties being acquired. * 
it Ofier share price 100 per cent backed by net tangible assets.-Ar 
★ Investment offer carries full BES tax relief for 1985/86. * 

★ Experienced management team. * 


Under the terms of the Business Expansion Scheme by 


(a member of NASDIM) 

of 1,700,000 Ordinary Shares of £1 each at £1J5 
per share payable in fufl on application - . 

Copies of the Prospectus are available from • 

7 Cavendish Sqnare,.£ondoa, W1M 9HA. Tel: 01-6313015 

i 1 1 WflffJ! fl 11 r»TiT d 

be a different matter. 

A new job may be good for your career 
but what if you're a member of your company 
pension scheme? 

Leaving your job can mean losing some of 
your hard-earned pension benefits. 

London Life's Pension Prot e ctor has been 
created to deal with precisely this problem. With 
Pension Protector, you receive a moMe individual 

policy in your own name. 

A feet which both you and your employer 
wD appredate if you decide to move otl 

Ybu, because if you teave, you simply take 

your pension with you, with the added prospect 
of improved benefits, 

Ybur employer, because when you leave 
with your pension you are no 

Ta New Business Department; 

The London Life Association Limited.JRffi^OSI 

100 Tfempte Streep Bristol BS16YJg»sttCTpitt|*^ 
I would Tike to know more about London Life's 
Pension Protector Plan. 


which you would be-rf you were stifl in a company 
scheme. . -, . . 

Apart from aJLthis* Pension Protector has 
one other great advantage. 

lt*sa London Life sdierheL- . . 

As such, it's backed up f$ over 175. yetos 
.of experience and one of the best investment 
records in the business. ’ r '- r - 
. So you can be sure your money sin good 

rap*- And, because we do not pay commission, 
you can abo be sure your money's in your pension 
fend, not m some middleman's podtet . 7/" 
find out more about Penson Protfictbr 
today Post, the coupon and weTLsend yoO aS 
the details, ■? 


TeiNos: Busins 



The ideal opportunity to assess your financial status comes when you decade who shall inherit 


Yot/RG*mhM*ts * mmirmeitu 
■ wmt fci£k'UFe,->o ^ 
rrM tvrnf Hez . . . . »»» wb'fg. 

C witLs . i 

Christmas and the New' Year ' 
may xraditionally. be' the time" 
f 9T. -*W»PX family gatherings 
with all generations spending 
several days together ia festiv- 
ity.- . , 

Ho wever, the annual get- 
together is not always . such a ‘ 
joyous- af&ir. The end of the | 
holiday brings an unusual rush ' 
to solicitors' offices - by -those : 
who suddenly decide their 
nearest, are perhaps not necess- . 
arily their dearest and they want , 
to make or alter their will. 

An inheritance lawyer. Mar-, 
tin Thurston, said: “As soon as 
the office reopened after , the ‘ 
festivities last year I received a - 
frantic telephone call from a 

“She had just spent Christ- 
mas with her family and 

insisted that her will wasaltered 
immediately. Under no circum- 
stances was her daughter to, 
have the legacy she had given 
her. , • 

. .rWhen J asked her where she 
wanted the money to go instead, 
all -she could say was that after j 
spending three days with her' ; 
daughter she did not care who ’ 
had the money as- long as her 1 
daughter did riot inherit it." ■ j 

■ Happily, most, wills are not- 
piade in such dramatic enrum-'- 
stanCes. In fact, making a will is ' 
an extremely important part ol : 
everyone's' financial planning. - 
; Susan Go in pels, a chartered 
accountant, said: "Making a.'i 
will is the ideal 'time to look, 1 
into- the. financial mirror. Ii i 
concentrates your' mind on your i 
own personal balance sheet and : 
you can plan how you are going I 
to deal with your affairs in your l 

lifetime as. well as when you die. 

? “Your accountant' will' ensure . 
that your wishes are arranged in ' 
the most tax-efficient manner. 

. "Capital transfer tax ‘is one of ' 
the' most easily avoidable taxes 
with proper planning. However, 
there is no point giving away or < 
rearranging your assets just to 
save tax if it wiliresiilt in family 
life- becoming difficult. or im- 



Currant account - no Interest paid. 
Deposit accounts - seven days, 
notice required for withdrawals. 
Barclays 6.5 per cent, Lloyds 6.5 

per cent, Mid and 6.75 per cent, 
NatWest 6.5 per cent National 
Girobank 6.5 per cent Fixed term 

Girobank 6.5 per cent Fixed term ihW 
deposits £10,000-£24 t 999, 1 month SSoO 
8.875 per cent 3 months 8.75 per to£9 

eioaoosom 9.12 9.44 017291000 

Oppenhetmer Money 

(under £10,000 822 8.48 012309362 


om £10.000 &31 8J55 012389362 

S&PCMa/c 8.40 8.76 070866968 


B.875 per cent 3 months 8.75 per 
cent 6 months 8.5 per cent; 
National Westminster. 1 month 8.5 
per cent 3 months 8.32 per cent 
6 months 8.22 per cent; MUfland. 
Other banks mav differ. 


Ftnd Nat CHAR Telephone 

Atom Hum 

monttWinc. 822 857 016386070 
Bof Scottand 906 947 016288060 

Deposit Accoixit 

fl.OO(M9J»9 837 8.64 01 626 1567 

£10X00 & over &62 890 016261567. 

to £9X99 8X4 834 0705827733 

over £10,000 822 834 0705827733 

TuBet&RSeycal 837 835 012360952 

T6R7dav 8.45 8.64 012360952 

Tyndtaflcdl 9.16 9.48 0272732241 

Tyndall 7 day 835 831 0272732241 

UOTTday 031 837 018264681 

Western trust 

1 month 8.78 9.14 07522B11B1 

Cater Alan cal 

8X3 8X3 015682777! 

Money Mttna 8.11 930 017489251 
HFC Trust 7 day 830 879 012388391 
Henderson Money 

Cheque Account 822 833 01 638 5757 

LtadsHICA 900 931 016264588 

MSQHCA 8X7 936 016264588 

E2X00-E9X99 8.75 904 074220999 

£10.000 8 over 9X0 931 074220999 

Net West H$h 
Interest Special 
Reserve £2X00 to 

£9X99 8.87 9.17 017261000 

1 month 8.78 9.14 0752261161 
CNAR ■ Compounded Net'Annusd Rate. 
Ffeuras artM Mast svatatte at Bis ttne of 

gong to press. 

National Savings Bank 
Ordinary accounts - If a minimum 
balance of £100 maintained for 
whole of 1986, 6 per cent interest 
p x. for each complete month in 
which balance is over £500, 
otherwise 3 per cent Investment 
Account - 115 per cent interest 
paid without deduction of tax, one 
months notice of withdrawal, 
maximum investment £50,000. 
National Savings Income Band . 
Min. investment £2,000 - max. 
£50,000. Interest - 12 per cent 
variable at six weeks notice paid 
monthly without deduction' of tax. 


Income Strategy will show you how to find the highest returns 
from a range of safe investments such as gilts, bonds and building 
society deposits. tt*l also show you how to use stares, unit trusts 
and investment trusts to generate a growing income in the future. 
12 issues of Income Strategy cost just £15. Subscribe today and 
we'd send you a £15 bonus voucher with your first issue. When 
you invest £1,000 (or more) in the annuity, unit trust or 
investment bond of your choice your return wul be boosted by 
£1 5 on production of the voucher. 

Income Strategy is edited by RosemaryBurr, who was the former 
savings correspondent of the Financial Times. 

Other pubficatrans include: Options Alert, the monthly guide to 
traded options with a fortnightly update service and Special 
Situations Report, for outstanding opportunities on the London 
Stock Market. 

Available from Rosters Ltd., 60 Welbeck Street, London W1 


Seven Day Notice ■ Flexible Account 

Account WTTHCKX) I OPEN WITH £500 

9 * 50 %l 9 * 75 % 

=13.57* GROSS 

=13.93* GROSS 

Keep £5000 in your account and there are / 
no penalties for immediate withdrawals. 

Phone 01 -229 7 tor details or vvnte to: -• • •••". 

Repayment at 3 months’ notice. 
Penalties in first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 

Start rate monthly income for first 
year, 8 per cent, increased at end 
of each year to match increase in 
prices as measured by Retail 
Prices Index. Cash value remains 
the same, income taxable, paid 
gross. .Three months notice of 
withdrawal.. Minimum investment 
£5,000, in multiples of £1,000, 
maximum £50,000. 

National Savings 3rd index -finked 
certificates . 

Maximum investment £5,000, 1 
excluding holdings of other issues. 
Return tax-free and linked to 
changes in the retail price index 
Supplement of 2.5 per cent in the 
first year; 2.75 per cent in the 
second year 3.25 per cent in the 
third yean 4 per cent in the fourth 
year and 5.25 per cent h the fifth 
year. Value or Retirement Issue 
Certificates purchased in Decem- 
ber I960, £153.20 Including bonus 
and supplement 
November RP1 378.4. 

(The new RPI figure is not 
announced until the third week of 
the following month). 

National Savings Certificates 
31st issue. Return totally free of 
income and capital gains tax, 
equivalent ' to an annual interest 
rata over the five-year term of 7.85 
per cent, maximum investment 
£5,000. { 

National Savings Yearly Plan 
A one year regular savings plan 
converting into four-year savings 
certificates. Minimum £20, Maxi- 
mum £200 a month. Return over 
five years 8.19 per cent - tax free. 

National Savings Deposit Bond 
Minimum investment £100 maxi- 
mum £50,000. Interest 12 per cent 
variable at six weeks notice 
credited annually without deduction 
of tax. Repayment at three months 
notice. Half interest only paid on 
bonds repaid during first year. 

Local authority yearling bonds 
12 months fixed rate investments 
interest 12 per cent bask: rate tax 
deducted at source (can be 
reclaimed by norv-taxpayer), mini- 
mum investment £1,000. pur- 
chased through stockbroker or 

Guaranteed Income Bonds 
Return paid net of basic rate tax, 
higher rate taxpayers may have a 
further liability on maturity. 

1A3,4yrs, General Portfolio 9J5 
per cent, 5yrs New Direction 
Finance 9.25 percent 
Building societies 
Ordinary share accounts - 7.00 per 
cent Extra interest accounts 
usually pay 1 to 2 per cent over the 
ordinary share rate. Rates quoted 
above are those most commonly 
Offered. Individual building 
societies may quote different rates. 
Interest on afl accounts paid net of 
basic rate tax. Not redaimabte by 

Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschild's Old 
Court' inti. Reserves 0481 26741. 
Seven days notice is required for 
withdrawal and no charge Is made 
for switching currencies. , 

Staring - 10.99 par cam 

US dour 7.12 par cent 

Yen .634 pram 

O Merit 337 par cant 

Preocti Fnmc .10.42 par cm 

The reason why most people 
, do not make a will is that they 
believe that all their estate will 
automatically be inherited by 
their next of kin. 

This is not the case and many 
a widow receives a nasty shock 
when her husband's estate is not 
distributed as either of them 
would have wished. 

If you die without a valid 
will, you die intestate, and the 

Block put on 
Baby Bonds 

The Baby Bond - a 10-year tax 
exempt friendly society policy 
for children - has beat tempor- 
arily withdrawn from the mar- 
ket by the Tonbridge Wells 
Equitable Friendly Society after 
pressure from die inland Rev- 
enue- About 11,000 Baby Bonds 
have been bought since the 
launch In September. f 

The Tunbridge Wells will not 
sell any more Baby Bonds from 
today until its problems with the 
Revenue have been sorted oat It 
will give a formal explanation 
for the withdrawal on Monday. 

People who have already 
bought Baby Bonds should not 
be adversely affected. Their 
contracts should remain valid 
although they will probably 
forfeit a couple of the options the 
Baby Bond offered. 

These options concern the 
position of the holder after 10 
years. The Baby Bond, in its 
present form, allows holders to 
cease malting contributions after 
10 years and allows die 
accumulated contributions to 
grow within the underlying tax- 
exempt fund. It also allows 
partial surrenders after 10 

y LL 

roles: of intttiacy. apply to the 
division of youi estate. 

Where thert ; m^ho‘<itu|dreh 
the surviviM spouse receives all 
personal effects such as jewel- 
lery and the first £85,000 of the 
estate. • Whet is left is then 
divided. ■ 

The, spouse inherits oue^nlf 
and the other hallT - whether. dr-- 
not he or she objects, goes' to the 
deceased's parents. If there are 
no parents,' the deceased’s 
brothers and sisters inherit 

If. a married couple have 
children the rules are even more 
complicated. The ' widow or 
widower again receives the 
personal effects absolutely and 
the first £40,000 of the estate. 
The rest is divided. Half is 
given to the children equally, 
and the widow or widower has 
life interest in the other half. 

A life Interest means that he 
or she is entitled to any income, 
such. as dividends from shares, 
but cannot use the capital. 

When someone dies, yurually 
all his or her assets are frozen 
until probate is granted. Intes- 
tate estates can take much 

' longer ;to sort . out. 

* oeased's famSy, tjwrefore^ often 
« experiences immense [financial 
difficulties ai&ifajpt^jperibdfc ; 2 v 
Fuiancial considerations- 
apart, making a will-can from a 
practical point sof view provide 
peace of mind thrall members 

; non 

next of kin who may not he 
totally suitable. ' 

A will can also stipulate Who 
are to- be guardians of any 
children in the event of a 
husband and wife dying in a 
, joint accident It. can specify not 
only who is ‘to foot after them 
but what money can be used to 
provide for their upbringing. 

When you decide to make a 
will, do see a solicitor. The cost 
of a will cap' be anything from 
about £30 and It is money weU 
spent - 

One final word about wills. 
You should not leave it antiT 
the annual family gathering to 
review your affairs. A will may 
need to be updated with any 
change in your' personal or 
financial circumstances. 

Susan Fieldman 


Retire early with 
some pension 







‘Compoimdectannualratott you pay 30& tax. Rates varisbte. 

.... ' ‘ Unlike some pension plans, if you retire 
"early. The Equitable pays you just the same as if 
you’d chosen that age to start' with. 

Not that you pay any more for this flexi- 

In fact over the last nine years we’ve 
.produced the highest results horn 10 and 20 year 
regular premium with profit pension policies 
more often than any other comp any.* 

Of course the past cannot guarantee the 
future, but why have we been so consistently 

/ 1 ‘\Xfell certainly one reason is that we never 
pay commission to middlemen — which helps to 
give our policyholders a better return on their 

If you’d like a pension plan that doesn't 
penalise you should you retire early, cut out the 
coupon or speak directly to The Equitable on 

* Kmonbcr l«S Plumed in fngt jtufvm ofcamparaWc JocurautucJ atfi funtCa. 

’ Tin Hie Equitable Lite. FREEPOST 4 Coleman Street. London EC2B 2JT. 
I'd welcome further details an your Self- Em pi' veil Pension Plans with: 

□ Aim iiaWarublc Contributions; □Monthly Contributions; 

□ Unit-linked based ilitnutita. 

(UK residents only) 

Name (Mt/MrVMws) 

Postcode 1 

Date of Birth 

Td: (Home) 


l The Equitable Life j 

L —The oldest mutual life office in the world.™ — J 

AutnorisodlorlnwtinMbyTTOMMMeiri n roUtmBiilhflnBSoriaB— X— od t ton. 

finance and industry 




The ideql opportunity to assess your financial status comes when you decide who shall inherit 


insisted t hat her *■ ill was altered 
immojiaidy. Under no circum- 
stances was her daughter to, 
have the legacy she had given 

Christmas and the New Year 
may traditionally be ihe' time 
for happy family gatherings . . . . 

with all generations spending ■ asked her w here she 

several days together in festiv- '"f 1 *** **« money to go instead, 
itv wl she could say was that after 

However, the annual get- three days with her 

together is not always such a ,i! er s ” e ^ no! carc w h° 
jovous affair. The end of the ' P® money as long as her 
• ’■■ ■ ■--= - daughter did not inherit it. ’ 

Happily, most wills are not ; 
made in such dramatic circum- 

holiday brings an unusual rush ■ 
to solicitors' offices by those 

who suddenly decide their _____ 

nearest are perhaps not necess- , stances. In fact, making a will is' 

Yct/R OT W ms a m'/suTKuem 
iy me after-life, so shet-kko/ 


lifetime as well as when you die. 

..... J . __ , . -■ ' ’’Your accountant will ensure 

aniy thetr dearest and they want . extremely important part of t f, at your wishes are arranged in 

to make or alter their will. 

An' inheritance lawyer. Mar-] 
jin Thurston, said; “As soon as 
the office reopened after , the 
festivities last year I received a 
frantic telephone cali from a ' 

•‘She had just spent Christ- 
mas with her familv and 

, eyeryone's financial planning. 

Susan Gompels. a chartered 
accountant, said; “Making a . 
will is the ideal time to look 
into the. financial mirror, ii 
concentrates your mind on yout 
own personal balance sheet and 
you can plan how you are going 
to deal with your affairs in your 

the most tax-efficient manner. 

"Capital transfer tax 'is one of 
ihc most easily avoidable taxes 
with proper planning. However, 
there is no point giving'away or 
rearranging your assets just to 
save tax i fit will result in family 
life becoming difficult or im- 

The reason whj most people 
do not make a will is that they 
believe that all their estate will 
automatically be inherited by 
their next of km. 

This is not the ease and many 

a widow receives a nasty shock 
when her husband's estate is not 
distributed as either of them 
would have wished. 

If you die without a valid 
will, jou die intestate, and the 

rules of intestacy apply to the 
division oryour estate. 

Where there arc no children 
the surviving spouse receives all 
personal pfiects such as jewel- 
Icry and the first £S5.tfOO of the 
estate. What is left is ;hcn 

The spouse inherits one half 
and the other half; whether or 
not he or she objects, goes to the 
deceased's parents. If there arc 
no parents, the deceased's 
brothers and sisters inherit 

If a married couple have 
children the rules are even more 
complicated. The widow or 
widower a^ain receives the 
personal effects absolutely and 
the first £40.000 of the estate. 
The rest is divided. Half is 
given to the children equally, 
and the widow or widower has 
life interest in the other half. 

A file interest means that he 
or she is entitled to anv income, 
such as dividends from shares. 
but cannot use the capital. 

When someone dies, virtually 
all his or her assets are frozen 
until probate is granted. Intes- 
tate estates can take much 

longer to sort oul The de- 
ceased's family, therefore, often 
experiences immense financial 
difficulties during this period. 

Financial considerations 
apart, making a wilt can from a 
practical point of view provide 
peace of mind for all members 
of the family. A will can specify 
'•■ho is to look after > our affairs 
- on an intestacy’ it will be your 
next cf kin who may not be 
ictallv suitable. 

A will can also stipulate who 
arc to be guardians of any 
children in ihc event of a 
husband and wife dying in a 
joint accident. It can specify not 
only who is to look after them 
but what monev can be used to 
provide for their upbringing. 

’A hen jou decide to make a 
udi. do see a solicitor. The cost 
of a will can be anv thing from 
about £30 and it is money well 

One final word about wills. 
You should not leave it until 
the annual lami); mothering 10 
review your afiairs'A will may 
need to be updated with any 
change In your personal or 
financial circumstances. 

Susan Fieldman 



Current account - no interest paid. 
Deposit accounts - seven days, 
notice required for withdrawals. 
Barclays 6.5 per cent Lloyds 6.5 
per cent Midland 6.75 per cent 
NatWest 6.5 per cent National 
Girobank 6.5 per cent Fixed term 
deposits £10,D00-E24,999, 1 month 
8.875 per cent. 3 months 8.75 per 
cent. 6 months 8.5 per cent; 
National Westminster, 1 month 6.5 
per cent. 3 months 8.32 per cent 
6 months 8.22 per cent Midland. 
Other banks may differ. 







menthtv me. 



01 6386070 




Barclays H toner Rats 

Deposil Account 




£10.000 & over 

a 62 


01 626 1567 

Cater Alton cal 




Money M<L Plus 
RFC Tact 7 day 



01 748 9251 




Henderson Money 

Cheque Account 



01 6385757 

Lloyds MCA 



01 626 4588 



01 626 4588 


£2000- £9.999 




£10000 & over 




Nat West Hgh 
Interest Spwal 

Reserve £2.000 to 





£10.000 8 over 




Oppertietmef Honey 
(under £10.000 832 




over £10X00 








Shrader Wang 
Money Fund 
£ 2J5QQ 

to £9599 




over El 0.000 



0705 827733 





T 6 R 7 day 

Tyndall cai 













0272 732241 
01 626 4681 

Western trust 

1 month 




CNAR - CompoirtBd Net Annual Rale. 
Figures are the latest avaBaWe at the time ot 

National Savings Bank 
Ordinary accounts - If a minimum 
balance of £100 maintained for 
whole of 1986. 6 per cent interest 
p_a. for each complete month in 
which balance is over £500, 
otherwise 3 per cent Investment 
Account - 11.5 per cent interest 
paid without deduction of tax, one 
months notice of withdrawal, 
maximum investment £50,000. 

National Savings income Bond 
Min. investment £2.000 - max. 
£50,000. Interest - 12 per cent 
variable at six weeks notice paid 
monthly without deduction of tax. 


Income Strategy will show you how to find the highest returns 
from a range of safe investments such as gifts, bonds and building 
society deposits. It'll also show you how to use shares, unit trusts 
and investment trusts to generate e growing income in the future. 
12 issues of Income Strategy cost just £15. Subscribe todav and 
we'll send you a £1 5 bonus voucher with your first issue, when 
you invest £1,000 (or more) in the annuity, unit trust or 
investment bond of your choice your return will be boosted by 
£1 5 on production of the voucher. 

Income Strategy is edited by RosemaryBurr, who was the former 
savings correspondent of the Financial Times. 

Other publications include: Options Alert, the monthly guide to 
traded options with a fortnightly update service and Special 
Situations Report, for outstanding opportunities on the London 
Stock Marker 

Available from Rosters Ltd.. 60 Welbeck Street. London W1 

Repayment at 3 months' notice. 
Penalties in first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 

Start rate monthly income lor first 
year. 8 per cent, increased at end 
of each year to match increase in 
prices as measured by Retail 
Prices Index. Cash value remains 
the same. Income taxable, paid 
gross. Three months notice of 
withdrawal. Minimum investment 
£5.000. in multiples of £7.000, 
maximum £50.000. 

National Savings 3rd index-linked 

Maximum investment £5,000, 
excluding holdings of other issues. 
Return tax-free and linked to 
changes in the retail price index 
Supplement of 2.5 per cent in the 
first yean 2.75 per cent in the 
second year 3.25 per cent In the 
third year: 4 per cent in the feurth 
year and 5.25 per cent in the fifth 
year. Value ot Retirement Issue 
Certificates purchased in Decem- 
ber 1980. £153.20 including bonus 
and supplement. 

November RPI 378.4. 
fTh8 new RPI figure is not 
announced until the third week of 
the following month). 

National Savings Certificates 
31 st issue. Return totally free of 
income and capital gains tax. 
equivalent to an annual interest 
rate over the five-year term of 7.85 
per cent, maximum investment 

National Savings Yearly Pl2n 
A one year regular savings plan 
converting into four-year savings 
certificates. Minimum £20. Maxi- 
mum £200 a month. Return over 
five years 8.19 per cent - tax free. 

National Savings Deposit Bond 
Minimum investment £100 maxi- 
mum £50,000. Interest 12 per cent 
variable at six weeks notice 
credited annually without deduction 
of tax. Repayment at three months 
notice. Half interest only paid on 
bonds repaid during first year. 

Local authority yearling bonds 
12 months fixed rate investments 
interest 12 per cent basic rate tax 
deducted 3t source (can be 
reclaimed by non-taxpayer), mini- 
mum investment £1 .000, pur- 
chased through stockbroker or 

Guaranteed Income Bonds 
Return paid net of basic rate tax. 
higher rate taxpayers may have a 
further liability on maturity. 
1,2,3.4yrs. General Portfolio 9.5 
per cent. 5yrs New Direction 
Finance 9.25 per cent. 

Building societies 
Ordinary share accounts - 7.00 per 
cent. Extra interest accounts 
usually pay 1 to 2 per cent over the 
ordinary share rate Rates quoted 
above are those most commonly 
offered. Individual building 
societies may quote different rates. 
Interest on all accounts paid net of 
basic rate tax. Not reclaimable by 

Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschild’s Old 
Court Inti. Reserves 0481 26741. 
Seven days notice is required for 
withdrawal and no charge is made 
for switching currencies. 

Surfing 10-89 PW rani 

US ooftar 7.12 percent 

Yen 6 W per cart 

□ Meric 3 97 per cart 

Frencfl Franc 10 42 per cent 

Swim Frarc - 271 per cam 

In October, 1984 
we launched our 
European Growth 
Fund. The time 
was ideal, we 
believed, and 
throughout 1985 
we predicted suc- 
cess. Wr were right. 
TheTvndall European 
Growth Fund was in the Tip 10, 
placed 6 th out of all unit trusts 
at the rear end. wiifta bb% rise 
in the offer price for investors. 

We remain convinced rhar 
there is even more to come and 
, _ that the Fund is set fora period 
'i of sustained growth. 

However not only did TvndaHsucceed in Europe 
- several of cur other funds showed excellent 
end-of-vear results. 

TheTvndall range of unit trusts could well be the 

place for your 1986 investments. We expect well 
above average performances in Europe and in other 
hinds, with good opportunities for those seeking 

Join us in what we confident h forecast m be a 

rewarding 1986. Fill in the coupon or telephone 

0272 7 32 24 L 

Tindall Managers Limited. 

18Gmyngc Road, Bristol BS99 7UA. 

| | 1 am mtcrmnl in the European Growth l unJ. 

tmrrt Ni.. 717630 EncW l^.mred OHk.^ 
»C|W(1 Hmi. Rwwftswms- 

Kut jpphcjblf I" tin - 1 

sober of i)h 

Block put on 
Baby Bonds 

Tbe Baby Bond - a ID- year tax- 
exempt friendly society policy 
for children - has been tempor- 
arily withdrawn from the mar- 
ket by the Tonbridge Wells 
Equitable Friendly Society after 
pressure from the Inland Rev- 
enue. About i 1.000 Baby Bonds 
hare been bought since the 
launch in September. 

The Tunbridge Wells will not 
sell any more Baby Bonds from 
today until its problems with the 
Revenue have been sorted ouL It 
will give a formal explanation 
for the withdrawal on Monday. 

People who have already 
bought Baby Bonds should not 
be adversely affected. Their 
contracts should remain valid 
although (bey will probably 
Forfeit a couple of Lheoptionsthe 
Baby Bond offered. 

These options concern the 
position of the holder after 10 
years. The Baby Bor.d. in its 
present form, allows holders to 
cease making contributions after 
!0 years and allows the 
accumulated contributions to 
grow within the underlying tax- 
exempt fund. It aiso allows 
partial surrenders after 10 
years. LL 


arningtori 9 > 


'Compounded annual rate If you pay 30<io tax. Rates variable. 

i Mornington Building Society 

S ''s-jSj’J 158 Kentish Town Road, London NW52BT 

Telephone: 01-267 2971 
1 Please send coupon tor details 




Aumoracd (or Invoctment bvTrvstaaa Member of me BuOCi.-rg Societies Association. , 

L- ... -....I — - .... — ■ ■ ■ -i —ii ■■ ■■ ■ " - — — n * 

Unlike sonic pension plans, it you red re 
early. The Equitable pays you jus: the same as if 
you'd chosen that age to start with. 

Nor char you pay any more for this flexi- 

In fact out the last nine years wc'vc 
produced the highest results from 10 and 20 year 
regular premium with profit pension policies 
more often than any other company.'' 

Of course the past cannoc guarantee the 
future, but why have we been so consistently 

Well certainly one reason is that we never 
pay commission to middlemen - which helps ro 
give our policyholders a better rerurn on their 

If you'd like a pension plan that doesn't 
penalise you should \ou retire early, cut our the 
coupon or speak directly to The liauitable on 
1)1-606 661 1. 

1 .. I!.. I-J •*. I it. I f.l.l fV: 

IVJ . i! •e.'lhc* J<.mii •■!!». 

1' \.i:i .*•!-. i.TriS.l-i.-n. 

Zi K in' -liriLcJ>. ex 

t — r..c Mr Mr, M.v 

f.-i* .I'.n-ji. f.'.’Jr: 

■u* "“.ii-tr pi.- •. J fv:i - i.n i ■ .:ii. 


The oldest mutual life office in the \\ or!d.« 




Fax: 01-5Eto 



12 January 


ia live to recoro 
PLC would J1K : e u 
Bcara by a 1J 







shareholders Grcup plc . 

record pro£i«. eernxngs - on r.l.vnt 

Holcers of SU B-'i— la ' S 

Lt 10 Jar-oary^^Bj opport «,ley to 

.^enc^ttaie^enc -P- 


nl I .mis future to. 

vouc company 


y ■ ■ 




Wales make five changes 
and give Pickering 
captaincy at Twickenham 

The Welsh selectors have 
amed three new caps for the 
mne against England at 
'wickenhara a week today, 
naking five changes, altogether 
o the team which played 
gainst Fiji in November. More 
ignificantly the changes include 
wo new young players, who 
iave been the centre of much 
peculation over the last month 
»r so. David Pickering is the 
iew captain. 

In the centre where there has 
jcen a strong desire for a new 
Tailing. John Devereux, after a 
pectacular rise, will play 
nstead of Robert Ackerman, 
tnd in searching for a scrum 
talf insteaad of Robert Holmes, 
he decision, from a choice of 
hree possible candidates inlud- 
ng Ray Giles, of Aberavon, and 
vlark Douglas, of London 
Welsh, has gone in favour of 
Robert Jones, of Swansea. One 
ither change in the backs sees 
5 hil Lewis, who was nna vai- 
able for the Fiji game, return 
nstead of Mark Titley. 

At forward David Waters, of 
Newport, is chosen at lock. Last 
eason, in the absence of Robert 
'Jorster. who was unavailable 
lue to injury. Waters was 
hosen to play against France 
ind England, but the 2 games 
vere postponed because of 
■evere frost. By the time they 
vene played at the latter end of 

By Gerald Davies 

the season Norster was fit again 
to be included. Barring a 
persona] mishap or anything 
untoward happening this time - 
Norster is no longer a threat 
since he has been banned from 
playing for Wales this season - 
he should get to win his first cap 
for Wales. 

Wales team 

P H Thorium (Neath); P I Lewis 
(Llanelli), B Bowen South Wales Police}, 
J Dsvereux (South Glamorgan Institute), 
A M Hadley (Cardiff): J Davies JNeatH), 
R Jones (Swansea); J Whif f oct 
(Cardiff). W j James (Aberavon). I H 
Edman (Cardiff), M Brawn (ForrfypooQ, 
S J Perkins (Pontypool). 0 waters 

(Newport), D F Pickering (Llanelli, 
captain), P T Davies (Lteneffi). 

Jones (Neath). 

Mark Brown, who won his 
first cap a gains t Romania in 
1983. will now line up in the 
back row with Phil Davies and 
Pickering, who takes over the 
captaincy following Terry 
Holmes’’ move to Rugby 
League. The lean and lanky 
Brown will give much-needed 
height at the back of the lineouL 
This height advantage was 
presumably the primary reason 
- though with his long legs he is 
far from being a slouch around 
the field - why he was included 

ahead of Paul Moriany, the 
other contender for the spot 
Whatever speculation might 
arise elsewhere, it is file 
inclusion of Devereux and 
Jones which sharpens the 
expectations. Devereux, a for- 
mer stand-off half for his school 
in Pontycymmer and a fullback 
in the Welsh Schools squad, is 
now in his second year at the 
South Glamorgan Institute. At 
over six feet and 13S stones, he 
has stepped rapidly up the 

ladder after impressing those 
who saw him play for his college 

r ust Cardiff in the first round 
the cup comprtition in 
November. He has had only 16 
minutes experience of first class 
rugby when, after several other 
attempts had been spoiled by 
the weather, he finally made his 
debut for Bridgend in the match 
which was abandoned last 
Saturday gainst Newport. 

Robert Jones, at 20, has had 
plenty of experience playing for 
Sean sea while still at Cwmtawe 
comprehensive school last year. 
He has continued his progress 
this season, although there are 
some who might have preferred, 
for one so young in a critical 
position, for him to have had 
the feel of an international 
match first from a sidelines 
bench. Though there is an 
element of risk in both these 
selections they are risks none- 
theless well worth taking. 


Jones: newcomer in a critical position 

Calder spared risks England can work on tactics 
before international now Welsh team is known 

By Ian McLanchJan 

Finlay Calder, the Stewan’s- 
Melville flanker who wins his first 
^ap for Scotland against Fiance next 
Saturday, omitted him from their 
team to play Hexiot’s FP in a vital 
national league game this afternoon, 
thus safeguarding him against 
injury. This decision and the injury 
10 his brother. John, has forced the 
lnverleith side to play David 
Brewster, a prop forward, in the 
second row. It will leave them very 
short of height in the lineouts but 
should not affect their scrummage 
game. Heriot's make one change at 
scrum half where Stevenson 
replaces Bryce. 

In the other top of the table clash 
Hawick are at home to Kelso. Both 
teams are at full strength with Kelso 
opting to retain Band at centre 
rather on the wing, his international 
position. Hawick will depend largely 
on the strength of their pack for 
victory as their backs have lacked 
fluency this season without the 
leadership and penetrative skills of 
Jim Ren wick. 

Kelso, on the other hand, have a 
very accomplished back division 
and tend to play a 15-man game. 
The soft, slippery conditions will 

therefore favour the Hawick side 
who are never easy to beat at home. 

Kilmarnock, who are bottom of 
the table, travel to Myreside to meet 
Watsonians, a side without their 
new caps Gavin and Scott Hasting s. 
Kilmarnock move Douglas Smith 
from flank to second row in place of 
the unavailable John Parker with 
White returning to the back row. 

lain Paxton, the international No 
8 who was not considered by the 
national selectors due to injury 
listed to play for Selkirk against 
□ear neighbours Gala Gordon 
Hunter who missed the trial last 
weekend with 'flu, also returns to 
the Philipbaugh side. Gala, with the 
return of Derek White, are at full 

The return of Brian Edwards, 
centre, following hamstring trouble 
brings Boroeghnnrir up to full 
strength for their visit to Preston 
Lodge. The home side lists nine 

West of Scotland rest their new 
cap, Man Duncan, wing for their 
home game with Melrose. Keith 
Robetson has withdrawn from the 
visitors' side 

mim#? phqm p inna flip mfrhg* fire matches in Spain and France one of the imcapped players, 
next weekend remains to be seen but while the England B team go to Italy 

England’s preparations proceed for games against Italy's A and B There wffl be a two-miuh 
apace with the gathering of the sides. Wales hope to arrange a before the game between 
match squad this weekend. 

There wfll be two workouts today playing country, bat Australian aud 
and another tomorrow morning, all New Zealand diaries are ter from 
of them planned for St Paul's School empty, while Ireland report nothing breaking his neck in a junior match 
in Barnes. This weekend too. in the offing. last weekend. As a mark of respect 

England can concentrate on specific Ireland, of course, are not London Irish have cancelled all 
points, knowing the Welsh involved in the first round of the Five games except their first and secood- 

that will oppose them. Happily the Nations championship, so all team malrhci and a fund-raising 
enthusiasm and eagerness to work Leinster's hading players are committee has been set op to assist 
which characterized last summer’s available to play against Queens- the dead man's widow and 18- 
tonring party in New Zealand has land at Lansdowne Road today. The month-old son. 

been prominent among the members 
-of the current squad, judging by 
discussions between players at last 
weekend's training. 


Gloucester v Leicester 

Incentive for Instonians 

It does app«r, foonjfo, thattbe SSSSiKffifflSSa 

Pf ^ Para ?°^. ®f toSkig for a *x*te. They remain 

onions during the dose seasonfor uncha^. msansno piaco for 

next year's world tournament win be Teague, wriQe Leicester replace 
strictly limited compared with the Underwood with WIBams on thawing 
plans of Australia, New Zealand, and restore Ric ha rdson at Hght-heaq 
France and Argentina. En g lan d will, prop. 

at least, get a view of Australia Nottingham v Rosslyn Park 
conditions when they take part m Poult* r^alnsat second rwfor Park 

the international sevens tmnnaiiient place of IhaholdaytegHIptey, while 
m Sydney on March 22 - all Nottingham are short onty erf Anttow at 
Englan d's world cup qualifying stand-off half. Park dsfsnd the 

By George Ace 

Instonians put their 100 per cent 
record in the digital Ulster senior 
league on the line this afternoon 
■gainst Beyaor who also have 
maximum points from four games. 
Both teams are assured of semi-final 
pokes, bat that will not detract from 
the copetitive edge that is always 
apparent when these two sides meet. 

Bangor got the better of the Bass 
Boston Cup final, and that, in itself 
a all the incentive Instonians need 
to improve their points in front of 
their home supporters 

Collegians and North dash in an 
interesting tic at Deraraore in 

iGck-oH 3,0 unless stated 

First division 

termtegtwm City v Ipswich Town 

Chateea v Luton Town 

Coventry City v Aston VBta - 

EvartsnvQP Rangers 

nicoster City v West Ham- — 

Manchester Cfty v So u t hampt o n 

Dxfort United v Manchester Utd 

Sheffield Wed v Arsenal 

Tottenham v Not tin gh a m Forest 

Nnt Bromwich v New cast le — 

20LA LEAGUE: Altrincham v Cheltenham: 
3amat v Weymouth; Barrow v Kettering; 
j urtjt i v Oartfent Dagenham v Beth; ErtfMdv 
OddemAnaten Scarborough » Weaktstona; 
Stafford v Nuneaton; TeBord v Runcorn; 

section B and, on present form. 
Collegians look a good bet But the 
intense city rivalry between these 
clubs more often than not makes the 
form book look a little silly. 

Philip Rainey, the Ulster full back 
against Queensland on Tuesday 
night at RavenhilL will miss 
Ballymena's match with St Mary's 
at Eaton Park. Rainey look no pan 
in the two Ulster training sessions 
this week, owing to an ankle knock 
which he received in last Saturday’s 
Irish trial at Lansdowne Road. He is 
nevertheless, confidently expected 
to take his place in Tuesday’s game. 

games will be in Australia. % 

Wales have accepted an invitation 
to the same tournament but Scotland 
and Ireland will not be going. The 
weekend tells midway between two 
internationals for the Scots, who 
play Ireland on March IS and 
Romania on March 29; the 
intervening weekend is given o ver to 
dob league games postponed from 
earlier in the season. 

Ireland feel they would not be 
able to prepare adequately for the 
tournament and have no wish to 
denude dubs beg i nnin g provincial 
cup competitions that weekend. 
Indeed, England and Wales will 
have to select their sevens squads 

Middlesex Cup tomorrow against 
Harlequins with thokNOono team. 

West Haiti pool v Orrell 
Bruce Hodder makes his debut at 
flanker tor West Hartlepool, unbeatedn 
In the Northern merit table. Onull 
experiment with the cup in irtnd, playing 
Carieton and Clough h the centre. 
Mnsoough at stand-off and Haig, a 


Junior Afl Black from Invurcargff, at 
scrum half. 

London Welsh v Bath 
Bath, mMng aB their England squad 
men. and Sole, resting before las 
Scottish debut give a first game to 
Dswe, the* now Cornish hooker. Welsh, 
who lost to Bath in the cup final last 
season, are without Foully who is 
replaced at centre by Jim WHflams. 

Llanelli t Wasps 
Wasp* are tarty hit by national squad, 
cals but have Boyd back at stand-off. 
Three inter nati o na ls. Stringer, Cardus 
and Lozowski, remata in thalr back 
dMsion against a Ltaneffl team lacking 
Pickering and Phi Davies in the back 
row. Cornelius plays lock instead of 
May, the captain, who has a cold. 

Blackheath v Harlequins . 

Blackheath have Essenhigh and Howe 
In the frrt row and Munday at stand-off. 
Harlequins are wfthout Salmon but have 
the services of M&ia, the Scottish prop. 
Dent comes Into the centre and Cramb 
returns at half back. 

London Irish ▼ Richmond 
Onhr Barry Murphy wB be absent from 
the Irish in this Jcnn Smffli’s merit table 
B game. Afl their national u iana to return. 
A former member, Jritan Jones, plays in 
R i chmond’s back row and Martineau . 
returns as hooker. 

Neath v Moseley 
Despite narrow defeats against . 
Qloucestar and CanSff, Mosetoy retain 
the same players. Neath have a 
newcomer at scrum half In Booth, on - 
permit from the Misnbies dub. He 
partners Lee Evans and PoweR, 
normafly a centre, goes to fid beck. 


Wycombe v RMdatone. 

,‘nPART LEAGUE: Burton v Hyde; 

Jtoriejr; Macctesfletd v Buxton; Morecambe v 
Bangor Cfey; Oswestry v Gateshead; Rhyl v 
HamMe South Liverpool v Gooie: Southport v 
Worksop; Witton v Mattock: Worktngtcn v 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: FM dhtaJon: Man Utd v 
Newcastle OJA. 

‘■wanaaK tpswtcb v Brighton &JBr. Luton v 
tiiarittn pjfcWast Ham v Blmwrftatn KU). 
■WRNOFFtHISH LEAGUE: (250* Ards v 
■tonvflK Baflymena v DMtoy: Carrie* v 
l an gcr; Crusaders v Coleraine; Glentoran v 
a ena von; Newry v Unfield; Portadown v 

MUXHALb-OPEL LEAGUE Premier Ovtato: 
Morten v Worthing; Bishop's Stafford v 
'aovfl; Bognor Regis v WoMngham 
J te ttl M taH v Sough; Croydon v Harrow; 
^ar n borough v HBCtfiii Hayes v Sutton United; 
'o u ti n g and Mitcham v Wngmortan; Windsor 
■nd Bon v Barking. First tttnaion: Avetay v St 
ilbens; Basfldon v Grays: CDeshem v 
tfembtay; RncMoy v Laytoneuna/lttord; 
lampion v Lewes Harlow v Boraham Wood; 
eytai-WIngaia v Hornchurc h; Oxford City v 
ialdenhsaaLWtBd; States * Laathorhead: 
teuiy v Bromley; Uxbridge v Walton and 
laranm; Second dMsion nardc Baric- 
amxnd v LaKriworth; Clapton v Kingsbury: 
loraMd v ChaHont St Paw; Hartogay v 
ioyaton (3J0H Saffron Wskten v Cheahwit 
AXvanon v Hamel Hampstead. Second 
M al oti sonde Banstaad v Horsham; 
scstboume Undad v Woking; Eghrun v 
South***; Racfcwafl Heath v Motoey; 
kmgarfnd v Marlow: Metropolitan Ptdoa v 
ettham; ftaasIM d v Newtuy: Rufafip Manor 

Msiotc Arsenal v Fufanu Chetaaa v 
■ambridge United: Ipswich v Wnttorcfc NorvJtfi 
Chariton; Queen's Park Rangers v 
ortsmouOr West Ham v Gflfrsham. Second 
hrbioE Br e ntf unl v SouihendiBrisJd Rovers 
Oxford Untied; Crystal Palace v Luton; 
wfaxfon v Cohtieder: 
jp: Second roand replay: 
oaanham v MlwalL 

RTHWUIM LEASE pJk Prouder d Mefott 
Carifsoiara v 0 ChoSoNtewG; O Forestara 
O Brantrrooda; 0 Harrovians v O 
ahernfera; 0 Reptonians v 0 ChtaweBans. 
nt«vM0K 0 ARfinfona v 0 WwtnwaMra; O 
rodflektara » O Etonians; O Safopfons » o 
ykehandats; 0 Wh gh u rtans v O 
danh at ni aiu . 

ifoebury v Witney, Baatogsidm v Rshar 
awlev v Fare ham; Pudtoy v Ahedwcn (it 
aubndBa); Foikastone v Gravesend: 

Second division 

Btgcktoum Rovara v Brighton P 

Carlisle United v Grimsby Town 

Crystal Palace v Chariton 

Huddersfield v Sheffield Utd 

Hid City v Bradford CMy 

MIBwaBv Stoke City 

Norwich Cfty v KSddesbrougti 

OUtaam Athletic v Wimbledon 

Portsmouth v Fid ham «... 

Shrewsbury Town v Barnsley 

Sunderland v Leeds United 

Gosport v Worcester; RS Southampton * 
CheCratonJ: Snepehed v tGrira Lynn; WeGng * 
Beowontu WtonhaH v Cor hi, Mrtend 
dMalon; Bridgnorth v Gtoitoeatan 
v Coventry Sporting; Forest Gr 
Hednestcrd v Sutton Coldfield; 

Rushden: Me Oak V VS Rugoy. uoDury v 
Moor Green; weUngtxvough v Grantham. 
Soarhern dhriekm: Andover v Woodford: 
Bisnham and HHfeigdan v Ashford; Ctndham v 
Dover DurataWe v Dorche s t er. Ertm end 
Belvedere v Trowbridge; Poole v Cantertwy: 
Satobury v Cembridge Oty: Sheppey v Ruto*p; 

cttvlalon: BMeford v Shepton Matlet; Ctevadon 
v Cfondown; Exnwum v MlneheaO; Frame v 
Tamtorc MuigcedWd v MeBcsham; Paurion v 
DswBsh; Wymouth Argyte reserves v 
Barnstaple; Saitoh V Torrington; Wes to n 
super -Mara v Bristol City reserves. 

FA VASE: Forth round QJ3t Alharstone v 
BSaton fUtt Hal as owe n v SheHtald: Wfobech v 
Hfodder Blue Sta v North Run** Counflon 
TT v Tamworth (1-SOfc WateriQO Dock v 
Warrington; HodtoTCW v » DomWes: 

Thotcim v Haybridge SwmsCUfo Mortoonv 

Whytetoafc; HawtM v Sh plng Spo rts 

Third division 

BoHon v GMngham (3.15) - 

Brentford v Wigan Athletic 

Bristol City v Rotherham United 

Chesterfield vWafaHdl P 

Derby County v Bristol Revere P 

Uncofri City v Bury - - 

Newport County v Bournemouth 

Notts County v Plymouth Argyl# 

Reading v Ctuttiff Ctty - 

Swansea CRyv Blackpool — 

York City v Wolverhampton 

dMsion: CNchestar v Wtvtehewfo Portfleld v 
Burgess HR Knjn* v Horsham YMCA: 
Three Bridges v Lancng (10). Laegoe Cop; 
FM ramft Basham v Utttsh a mpton: 
Oekwood v Eastbourne Tow P»eceha«en 
and Tetscorabe v Hassodo; Shoraham Sk9ey. 
HUH CHARITY CUFt Had l— al MWursi and 
Easattoume v HaBsnem I1A5). Tbkd roood 
rerfrr Stsyning vArundafn^. 
(24)): EfeChrokjK v Ariesey: fit PC (Luton) v 

St eva n aga; ' 
ShSngton v 


dMitan (2.16): Am eraham v B aeoonteald; 
Bectan v panaow W*". » g^" 1 ” 


ftttttirte v March: Branttiam v TtamiKCWon 

vChanartaQyv Greet TamxajttcFefcctewe* 
Thatfont Gratmton v Ha vertit Har wich and 
Parkeann v Bury Tow HWon » Loweetat 
Newnterkec v StowmarkaL 
Premier dvWMK Bownfi vRofiiwafo ftadday 

Hofoeacfc St Neofs vAnrtrt. _ . _ 

dhtsloa P-15): Ash v W eslfiatt C hpMam * 

Haney Witney v fidda re MAtei W t v 

Fourth round OJTf, Carrington v Bicester 
HeadSngton AmatMSS v SMCriingdort; 
Kkflngton v Thame; Osbenon v Saiesfons; 
Oxford Unh er a a y Press v Eyrahsra; 
Wocxbtock V Pressed Steet Wtacestsr 
Cofiege OS v Peoperd. 

Merttadugh v Supennarins (2d). TWrd round 
ieplB|E PanhE v Punou (24Q. 

ctivtsfan D W n g ha m Synthonis v Hartepoot 
Beulngtai v Brandon; Blytti Spans™ v 
Ferryrft; Crook v Censstb Qrutnu v Tow Law. 
North Shields v Whi Or. South Bank v 
BOfogham: Whfoey Bay v Ryhopa. Second 
dMafora Afovdck v Widen; AaMn$ton v 

Fourth division 

Burnley vAkterehot ■■ — P 

Cambridge Urdtedv Hereford 

Chester v Tranroere Rovers (11X9 —— 
Co lch ester IWtedv Torquay (11.30)-^, 

Crewe Alexandra v Wrexham 

Exeter Oty v Stockport County - 

Mansfield Town v Northampton - 

Orient v Hartlepool United 

Preston v Halifax Town (1.30) 

Rochdale v Port Vale — : 

Scu n thorpe v Peterborough 

London Scottish rGortxth(2J0)_ 


London Wahv Richmond pjfi) 



Bfocfcbeath v HodequM (2.15) 

Broughton PfcvWatartoopte)-.... , 

Mdgwdt MaMay — — 

Corontiy yBriotoT , 

CroaeKeyavPana rth 

Scottish premier division 

Celtic v Aberdee n — — 

Dundee vWbarnten 

Hearts v Dundee United — 

Rangers v Clydebank— —— — — 
StMrrsn vMotherwefi 

Scottish first division 

Aloa AthtetfovKamaniock 

Ayr United v Clyde 

Dumbarton vAfrdrteontans 

East FUevBrechta City (2J>) 

Forfar Athletic v Montrose 

Hsirritani v FaSdric 

Morton vPartickThlatie 


jtiritfa n (fij) : Bfon fo g ha m Bulo ra v Spurring 
Solar* 9twa; Homoapera Borio n v 

H oad inB layv Ma n cb — la r(Z3t^. 

Lhrwpoot v Durham (2^0)— — 

UaaaBvWaapt ■ ■ — 

London TWaWi v Bate JELIQ-^ 

Kingaton; Brunet Ducks Uxbridge v 
Sunderland. Sacaod tavfafoo (SJJ): Cakfonuie 
Exptonw s v Brixtoo Topcata (7 JO); Engtsh 
EttaM * Cleveland v CAD Tower Hamlets; 
Team Wakefield! Nottingh a m v Okffwm 
Critics; rfo tatwre u gh Jets v BPCC Rama 
Derby. (Women) FM 1 * • 

Crjrsal Palaoa v Swindon 
Swifts Darby v Sheffield H 
Kkigston v London YMCA , — „ . 

North a mp to n v Louvotta Manch e e wr (7 
TC8 Worthfog Wimps v Nttflmft a m Wfidoata 

NATIONAL TROPHY: Ora to r fi nri: Swindon 
Rakara v Ftymoutii Rridara (BJ)). 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Pieces of tbe international jigsaw wftb some care, since the sesri-imalg Australian state, beaten 14-4 by 
are frning into place with yester- of both the John Player Special Cap Middlesex in midweek, win face a 

There wfll be a tvro-minnte silence 
before the game b et w cea London 

summer tour to a leading rugby- Irish and Richmond m tribute to 
playing country, but Australian and Richard Craas, the . frisk dub 
New Zealand diaries are ter from member who died this week after 

committee has been set up to assist 
the dead man's widow .and 18- 
month-old son. 


A few more 
for Rovers 

By Keith Macklin 

Problems yesterday beset Roger 
MUhvard, the Hull Kingston Rovers 
coach, as he pre pa red to name his 
team for today's Jobn Player Special 
Trophy final with Wigan at Flhmd 
Road; Leeds; With Gary Prohm, 
their centre threcquartcr, sus- 
pended, Millward suffered two 
ftmher blows when Clark, a wing, 
and Fafxbmra, a full- bade. bom. 
inn-marinnnlx, became doubtful 
through injury . ■ 

Miftward is hoping both -will be 
fit, but has worked out several 
permutations if die. wont comes to 
the worst The versatile Mike Smith 
could move into the ce n tre, ‘with 
Ooidon Smith ax stand-ofThalL and 
Lydia: coming m on the wing. 
Rovkv need Clark and Fairhairn m 
the absence of Prohm, but 'die 
suggested replacements are experi- 
enoed players, and Rovers are very 
much a side .for the big occasion, 
regardless of thdr line-up. 

There is no doubt that this is a 
final be t ween the two best sides in 
the League. 'Wigan are on thecreSt 
of a wave and, if they avoid defeat; 
will have completed an lS-pratch 
unbeaten run. The team has so 
many outstanding- players available 
that Edwards, a Great Britain squad 
player, and Du Toil, the powerful 
South African forward, will- be 

Wigan bristle withp&ceand skin, 
motivated and tinted by Stevie Ella, 
the Australian, at stud-off halt 
Hanley and Gill are always counting 
potential match winners, and Ray 
Moult, the former Springbok; will 
be all oat to prove his worthiness to 
occupy the right wring, position 
against competition from Edwards 
amt Whitfield. 

Both the sides have a reputation 
for playing skilful open rugby, but it 
would be foolish to imagine that 
there win be a free-flowing 
exhibition at EUand Road. Both 
reran* can tackle and with so much 
at stake tbe tackling ^ win be ruthless. 

Wigan are the form horse and I 
rate them to win narrowly, 
especially if tbe absence of Prohm 
robs Rovers of punch in the centre. 

Rob Louw, the South African 
forward, will make his delayed 
debut for Wigan to m o r ro w . He 
plays in a rearranged reserve team 
game with Salford. 

The Leeds first division game 
with Widnes. scheduled for tomor- 
row week, has been postp one d 
hwraimc Leeds have five players on 
international duty. 





Lord Mountgarret, president of 
Yorkshire county cricket dub. has 
be en confirmed as roiwtAw chair- 
man until the county's annual 
mining on February 2.' At a three 
and half hour meeting aiHearlingley 
on Thursday night the committee 
also rejected an application by Geoff 
Boycott’s ally, Peter Briggs, to stand 
as a committee candidate for the 
Crav en district. 

TENNIS: Stefan Edberg reached the 
semi-finals of the exhibition 
tournament in A t l anta , Georgia 
when be beat John McEnroe 6-3, 7- 
6, winning the tie-break 8-6. 

It was the first time the 19-year- 
okt Swede had beaten the American 
in four matches. Edberg. playing in 
place of his compatriot Mats 
Wilander, who withdrew with on 
arm iqjory, now plays Jimmy 
Connors, who finished second in the 
other round-robin group 

McEnroe plays Ivan Lendl of 
Chechoslovakia in the other semi- 

SPEED SKATING: Andrea Ehrig 
of East Germany the defending 
‘champion. Is one to the 28 
participants from 1 1 countries 
entered for the women's European 
championships in Geilbus, Norway. 


Scottish second division 

AJbion Ravttts v jh vyrtcfc (2J)) 
DunfamnSott vOoMn’s Parte _______ 

East Stirling v Stranraer 

Rahfi Bowra y Cowdtt nbk i t h . ..... 

Scottish Cup 
Second round. 


Halm County v M a nrt o wban l t - 

Pf r h— d v Artwtroth 

Second round replays 


Whitehal WUtare v Sta nb ouM wfr 


Horn. Coctottto (« 


nrat amok CxpNri CTty Brtxftani v 

v lreclsvR«l#eod Lndga 

Rucxnar v Br t tioTO Myttitirnkara p «H - 

Btentoghtt ra AIvSsfopjn- 


hSmM ^mSrekvEBstHmSSdonv 
WMnm v Bi anwooH; mvenhas v 

Sanwsat and Awn (south) v Dortfit (“ 
Taunton FC, 230). 

Era raoo ft Stockton v Mo rt h tem o n; Wtat 
Auddtedv Hortian. 

Btoftop Auctdond v Stockton; Owata-lo-StroM 
v Sporaiymoor. Seaham Rod Star v Fomtoa; 
wafogton » Ounston MS. 

DanixKter ■ Swtadtrc North Dorsxt v 
Bcxxnomourir, Shown* v Wknbo me ; 
O w ann goond Waraham vMartwromA. 


tfvfftar A*«ai « Mteor Heaton Uenay v CM 
WBWrin a; Sals * Urmston: Shflfflrid 
Urtwrsftyv Choate; StodrocrtvSneffleK. 
dkrWeR CWpstaad v lenkat Urivarahy; 
Hvnpatead v Buddunt Hit HUcroft r 


Wtoi v Hti Khgston Row* l* Bmd Road. 


HEMKBt BRITISH LEADUePrarahrdvjolcn: 
Oura te id Bonbon v Rfe R«ra O30h 

nans v Oundee Rockets 
WbUey Wantara v DwhifflJWte* 
Rot «*■ Shoffirid Stem v 


BltniSri LEAGIffi: AMort Timflora v 
Lojcwtor 73 (2.40J. 

kUdUrarirv nlrmlngtitn ( 2 . 16 ). 
K««ttv M aoBfoy(2J0) 

WTOroWJB f MCtn rl ■ I 

Nu n ea ton vFytaegjq) — 

PnWypool r Pontyp rirt c l . ... 

ITc oriy n Pk. v Noteig hn (2 JB) 

RowKSny v Morivy p.15). 

Safer Bedford ... 

Valeri trap vPipaccBipTl) 

WnkefiridvatoftWdPie , 

West Kotiopecl v Orraa (2.15) 



Edrtrarii Aeedi v Jedfonat (2.15) 

t4 M fefc»X.taip<K).. 

PmtoB Lodge vBoroqglteUlr(2.^^^_ 

Setkkkv Grit (2.1^— 


Wa t iu B tone vKlitranocfcg.16) — ... 

WatfriScritandvMrir oa eg.15) — ... 

ULSTER SBaOR LEAGUfi Group As Armagh v 
Acaoeniy: Dunrai v Quaera Univarilty; 
Portadown v Ante. Group B: Gcteolana v 
Noth; C£r Of Cany v Malone tetmiera v 
Bangor Ctob natrium: Balymena v Si Mery's 

TOUR MATCH: Lrirator * Queensland (L30). 

First division 

Watford v Liverpool (3-5) 

Fourth division 
Swindon v Southend. 


FIRST HVWON: Bradford v Hud (130): 
Dowjtxry v HriKax &3Cfr ftri hora te ne v 
Leads; Ctohara v Yorta O wt n t o n v Ca ottafanfc 
Warrington * st Holm. 

SBCOMDMVMOte Batin v RodxWt CL30); 
Donttotor v Weategton (laOfo HuddaraSid v 
C«l*l# (030): Hunriot v Barrow (330); 
Kautay v Ritaa (8.1 Sk Late v Roanm 


Mriora An Brute vOevotand Bombers — 
Datan Yrame v MurayfleU Racers 
Smamern Redrifra v Dundra Rorinto 
WNtoy Wfinfora v Ftft Rym (&3QL 
dMriont Aftfochera Acee v Richmond 
C30); Lee Vtfey Urn v Solan Barone 
Oxford Ctty Stan v Boumannutti Stags £ 
Southampton VMngsvTrironrngaa(B.1^. 


LEAGUE Maria Brat risMon: LherpodCferv 
ftodmad Lodge (1-30). Wb s u n 's tint 
ra nsk a c Spark v Orsanwtah fl-SQ): Aahconita 
s Pu&ioOutit Atapcrts &3G)i BUnMam A3 
v Bradford MymSrajima aaOt S&adsi 
Runscorv SNe (1030). 


MIDDLESEX CUP: Foertt rant Ettn v MB 

HfaOfo Gaytoniana v Mat Poooa: 

OTHER MATCH: Truro v Conrnal Juifor 

TOUR MATCH: Combined London OB Soys v 
Nra^g^po-fo. Area, « 0W 


mMac London Doewxfo Crystal Patna a : 

Tjmasida r Hemal and Wriford Swab HJR. , 
Second dMteac TWkott Cok-hratat 
SsAxton Wars MJR. (Women) PM dMefom 
Dttate CryriaJ^caT^S, NonS^ 

BRRISH LEAGUE: Kttby Select v Skkertaa) 
gft Robert JenMRsvGraat Qane 
fiOLMte LEAGUE Gtstforo 



Setioid lories v Hri t wn o d Forum .fS 
HriewoodTosm y Rebat Jatifra (4AQ. 

asiEverton get 

P' 5 



By CUre White 

EvertOn *no 

pacesetters ance foe first day Of the 2?^ 

S^u^nfrmTsibnutaripenmgat ^ 

jost foe right time. Their struggling He bber d. United's ngury probiemv 
EKttT Oty in to FA 

Cup <» Sunday should be ignored, those of Oxfori, ufoorainld. 
^ had had foe heart of foetr wifoont ■ nme s«ior ptayovtoday. 
rmdfidd ripped from them in a Bnggs, Mcdqnald. L^gany Thranaa ; 
bojisng encounter wifo Neswastie and Hamilton are deffame non-nanr 
United the previous week. ‘ ___ 

A swagger has returned to foeu- Ai least Atkmson should' be 
game, asmteht be suggested by foe cheered by foe_oew» -fo« Robson, 
mteption to arrange two friendly Ins and England’s nafinential 
with Juventns, the world captain* expects to play m the fimd- 
champions. Today at Goodiaon raising iMteh for Swmsea City ax 
Park against Queens Pro* Rangers the Vetch Field on Monday, 
with Steven, Bracewell and Sheedy John HtflHns, _ foe - C Wfaias 
ali likely to be fit again. Everton manager, has caned for a dentoo- 
shoold further strengthen • foe stratum of his safe's s tamin a 
defence of foetr championship. potential againrt . Itenn Toma. 

United’s wicked misfortune with “From now tmtu the end of the 
injuries refuses to relent. Even season, it's abom ctma w an q T. be 
Hierins - whom foe maitager said. Three pointt, however.' would 

j *twnp hMt M,r(irtnn inrnTh^rnnai'alfWj. 

limped off with an injury which bad Watford, only too aware of the 

nothing to do with his pelvic good progress this season of their 
condition of two years ago. neighbours. Luton , have the chance 
Fortunately for United, Moran, to steal foe arc fighr if not foe 
short of match practice, limelight in their televised game 
has recovered sufficiently to resume with Liver pool tomorrow. They 
at centre back: must he wonderreg what x&udbrtune 

( - Tbe reason given by ~ Bon will befell their tdevision spot this 
Atkinson, foe Manchester United time. Two years ago the live game 
manager , yesterday for dropping with West Han was Hacked out by 
Turner sounded as if it bad been a te chn ici ans ’ dispute and last 
induced by daustrophobia. It may season foe scheduled televised game 
be symtomatic of the pressure be against Manchester United was 
and his team are under. In choosing postponed became o f snow; 


I First division 

iB’ham (21) ▼ Ipswich (20) 
iWtight, the Bftrnintftom captain, » 
.(topped and Roberta should return. 

I Russel, an apprentice. Gaddis misses 
I the match against a former cAi) 

‘ because of a thigh strain is named in tha 
squad: Putney has recovered from a 
back btfury and Is ftter to be substitute 
in mi unchanged Ipswich side. 

Chelsea (4) ▼ Luton (8) 

Newell, Luton’s new staring, who plays 
m place oHha absent HarftonJ. scored 
for Wigan on hb only previous 
appearance at Stannord Bridge. 
•Chelsea wl probably be unchanged. .. 
Coventry (17 v A Villa (18) 

Bakhott, a Dariah trtaHsL is in VBa's 
squad. Shaw Is also kiciudd as cover for 
Bray, troubled by a thigh. WIBame. a 
former accountant, stands by for Ms fufl 
debut for Coventry. 

Everton (2) yQPR (14) 
Everton's Bracewefl. Sheedy end tevan 
afl require frtnes tests. James and 
Roserior are in the Rangers squad. . 
Ffflery is not yet match m. 

Leicester (16) v W Ham (5) 

McAvennie Is flt for West Ham. but 
Kevlo Keen, son of Mite, travels as . 

tasuance-LyRexiseetto rehiraforMs 
first game since early November for 
Lelcestar. • 

Man C (15) v SOnttipton- (13) 

Fotresthaa shriten off ’flu in an • ' ' 

unbeaten at home In foe League since 
October 5. wtflghratatetest^toPWBps 
(calf) and Davtes (thigh). • 

Oxford (19) v Man U(l) 

Charles replaces the suroendad Briggs 
for Oxford. Trewicfc, Phritps and Brode 
wfll have tatofflness checks. Bafley is ; 
reeded by United and Moran replaces . 
w ^ n1, • 

Tottenham (10) vN Forest (9) 

TattanlMnt ctxxtM twtwwn Alanrad 
CMadoxto lortiw anM tonwnl rota In tte 
•terara aTFrieo. Wririi rralun RotMrtson 
and Buttarwtxft standa In wr fits tojured MBs 

WTBA (22) v Newcastle (11) 
Wharton, who is ootf» transfer Bat, 
replaces the injured Stewart for . 
Newcas tle. Owen bat ri ytoma te ^s. 
first appearance of foe season for 
Ataion. Hiatt is aunendad. Mactenjfe, 
who is dua tar ammorknea operation, 
p*®y»- . . 

Second divraton 

Crystal P (9) v Chaitton (4) 
Chariton are B«y tobemahangad. 
Stuart ana Shipley contest foe ■■ 
substituted root Howard, on loan Ip 
Patacefrom Chrises, mates Ms debut 
fit place at Locke, another former 
Chelsea player. Rrmtae&te leceflsd as 
Ketteddgete suspended. 

Noniricb (1) v JTIyough (19) 

Nonrich wtio oan equal a cltfo record of 
* eight successive home Uagoa wins, are 
also one goal short of 60 wnttfi wfll earn 
them ecash bonus. Both teams should 
be unchanged, Norwich forfoe righth 
successive occeston. 

OIdham(l7) v WT)ledon(3) 
WimbledanFhawi taur^ doubtful. Cork, 
Evans. Hodges and Sanchez. Smhh, on 
loan from M an c heste r City, makes hta 
tfrst ap p eys n cft for Okffiani and C 0 IVB 9 
hta fine oftti e s e sso n. - : 

P , tsmonlh(2)v Fulham (21) 

The dap rife s' f or P o rt sm outh's 
CrCeflaghefuDBonand Kennedy; who 
start two-match ausperi8tans, 8ra . 
StariBy. Bafl, a reserve defepdar, and 
Sugrua, who has not stvted ■ first taain 
game hr months. Coriay may retun 
lor^ Fulham against foe team be nearly 
joined last week for E300.000. 

SundeHand(15) v Leeds. (12) 

Leeds are strengfosned by the return of 

Casvrafl and Hane. Bfott returns for 
Sunderiand but Hodgson and Benrtatt 
are rttied out 


Watford (12) v Liverpool (3) 
Talbot and Terry era expected to be fit in 
m unchanged Wetford tor the televised 
fast (fivtatan match. Dalg&sh includes 
himself and Qfflespie in UverpooTs 

An artificial United put 
surface Hearts 
for Preston to the test 

Preston North End will, play oa a 
plastic pitch next season, costing.' 
almost £300,000. They become the 
third dub in the l e ag ue to lay an 
artificial surface. The play was 
officially approved yesterday as 
directors announced that the 
contract is to go to foe Leicester- 
based company, En-Tout-Cas. 

Work on laying the surface will 
begin in May and will be identical to 
foe p l astic pitch at Luton Town.. 
Directors- are to meet the cost with 
cash from a variety , of sources. 

• The draw for the bfifle Gap semi- 
finals., win still take place on. 
Thursday, although none of foe 
quarter-finals will have been played 
by then.' • - 

The quarter-finals have all been 
postponed until foe following week. 
The draw will be broadcast five on 
Independent Radio at 1 1.05am. 

Liverpool and 
stay at home 

Liverpool and Everton have 
caSed off trips to tbe Middle East 
because of late complications. 
Everton were scheduled to fly out’ 
tomorrow for two games in Bagdad 
against Iraq and Liverpool were dnc. 
in Cairo on February 24 to play 
Egypt. Everton have chang ed their . 
minds because of the war situation 
in Iraq and Liverpool because of 
problems caused by Egypt wantin g . 
to change the date. 

- JMews of . yesterday morning’* 

iffilsbrough aime top late ™ allow 
them,- time to arrange a game 
abroad, so Don Howe, the manager, 
will give his players tl» weekend off: 

Nottingham Forest takoon PSV 
Emdhoven at foe City Ground on 
Wednesday. — foe first time a 
European side, has - played in 
England smoe FIFA lifted foeir ben . 
on E nglish dab* playing- against 
Bnopean opposition. Forest have 
atomanged a match against Real 
Madrid m Spam -in July. — 

Italians on Sky 

the ctok television 

S‘- to l ? oa *= a « 

®8nhghis from foc ltalian first 

1986 * 2 ? 



id toco: 


iwensohn 1% : 

second ^ ict*. ir 

Bf-Hngh Taylor 

For once, foe premier division 
game between Celtic and Aberdeen 
at Parkbead today cannot daim the 
description of Scotland’s match of 
foe day, though it is crucial. to the 
championship hopes of both and 
will attract a crowd, of. around 
40,000-The distinction should go to 
Tynecastie, where, foe two most 
impressive sides of the moment. 
Heart of Midlothian, the leagne 
leaden, and Dudee United, who 
are right on their beds, are ' in 

. . Hearts are seeking their sixteenth 
consecutive game .without defeat; 
United are unbeaten rb ■their Iasi 10 
league m at c hes. It .wjp. be ‘ a 
fascinating dash, with Hearts more 
workmanlike and . committed and 
United more inventive. •. 

Hterts are unchange d but United 
•res huffle their learn because Of groin 
injury to Kirkwood and Holt’s two- 
. match, suspension. 

• More rugged fere is expected at 
Parichead because Critic and 
Aberdeen never spare either them- 
srives or their opponents in fiery 
tackling and feel that this afternoon 
is die time to reassert themselves 
■Celtic’s inconsistency has been 
ti« despair of their sup p orters and 
Aberdeen’S' dismal form away from 
home has been the mystery of the 

•„ . -® 111 Celtic are hard pressed with 
injury and suspensions, al though 
Johnston seems certain to come out 
again afier illness and .partner the 
former Aberdeen player, McGhee. 
.- Kangen, who feel they regained a 
place in foe naming for the. title 
with .a fine win over Dundee last 
week, field yet another newcomer in 
their game with Clydebank, which 
has been switched to Ibrox. Miller, a 
Canadia n international^ is given his 
first ran in defence because of an 
outbreak of among the 


„ St Mirren should t»fe foe points 
from foeir home mattfo - with 
Motherwell, whoi however, wffl be 
|i«xtMjid by foe return of Kennedy 

t . .. 

:> •- *■* 

^uhiu t : 

to 3 

■ match with HJbeniin 

tam da n ger because Deny Park is 
stiH effected by foe weather, 

Thursday’s results 

E* P°F TMfd roqn^ Mmhrar LU»d 2, 

a«a^ lsk^ 44 

cricteBMr i. 


v; < • 

• ** 

• ... ■ 

."(■ w •; 

•. ;■ . — , ... 

K^ r :y^ 

v* • ; < ‘ —c 

•V-.i. ’ J 

. I'::’-- V 




_i»! ByJohuWoodcodk J 
Cricket CorrapondeHt 

: : ‘i An escalation in the extent to* 

‘‘'which trade.nxrionifls in Trzzu- 
h lad hope to hamper England's 
V * brthconang tour of West Indies 
^ jroeght a new sense of forebod- 
>.'\ng to Lord’s yeste rday .and" 
v iirther conmunricatioiis, 
«“;! f; between the Test and Comity 
Cricket Board and die West 
;■ £ (ndian Cricket Board of Con-' 
•} Jot . 

: -v^L . After a meeting in Port of 
J ^pain a programme of projected ' 

■ I ,;i protests 'mid boycotts . was' 
j' i announced by a consortium of 
;:;j “• jade unions. The arrival of die : 
■i England party would be imped- 

? sd, for. example, by a refusal to 
'< oandle the team’s baggage, as 
would the despatches of . the' 

; - , correspondents accompanying 
>) them, unless the four members 
the ream who touted South 
' J Africa in 1982 (Emburey,. 

Gooch, Taylor and W31ey)' 
v '[ joined '-“the struggle against the 
/apartheid system”- ■. 

■ . ■? ; Though traditionally the 
« \ -most lucrative: of the cricketing 

v centres ’ of the Caribbean - 
1 > <**. England are scheduled to play 
r two Test Matches apd a one-day 
- ; $ international there - Trinidad is 
v sot indtspensible as a tour 
-L * i venae. Ana there is a long way 
; to go yet fiw this to develop into- 

■ ; ^ an unstoppable campaign.' 

" # ! ( In a country where, the Test 
v scaies is an eagerly awaited 
- v event, militant trade unionists'. 
1- may struggle .for- the popular. 

' support they need. Trinidad has 
a history of mostly peaceful 
, demonstration, vigorous, but 
not violenL And then: is no 
immediate, chance of. govern^ 
ment action to keep the Fn E ,BT ^ 
j. cricketers away.! - - : 

When England were last in. 
J; ^Trinidad, in 1980-1, the Test' 



Colandw'r '(Bidder) The 

heavy rahnrhkh has fallen here 
for tiie put week threatens to 
dtotapt the first day's play of 
dx-.Xi^sd B team’s oitdt 
against Sri Ionka Colts (foe to 
start today. , . 

The bad weather » a forte 
setback for the England foam, 
who acrived here last nigh* five, 
days ahead of schedule Because 
of foe last-minute cancellation 
Of -the kongla rfpsb leg of the 
tout- • ■' f - 

The England manager' Peter 
Lush, said the England squad 
had along workout at the Indoor, 
nets and all players were fully 
fit. England - have omitted 
Mhrtyn - . Moxnn, ..; Norman 
Cowans and Chris Smith-: from 
"their team..-' 

. ENQLAMDs.BT Stack, K Bamutt, 9 

Prt^SRlSS I?VnMni!tEScooE 


match there was watched by 
very snail crowds, 10,000 on 
tiie first day and fewer than -that 
is aggregate on the other three 
days put together. One -of the- 
reasons for this was an effective 
but . law-abiding boycott, 
prompted by the omission, from 
the West Indian ride of Deryck 
Murray, Trinidaf s captain and 
wicketkeeper; the other was tiie 
weather, fie argument that, for 
financial reasons, the tour could 
not -survive without Trinidad, 
because it is always the money- 
spinner, is -spurious; the more 
,so now that Cable andWireless 
are sponsoring it to the tune of 
5300,000 (about £207,000). ... 

What the loss of Tniudad 
would almost’ certainly mean is 
a shortencog of the toUr v from 
12 weeks to nine or 10 and five 

Test matches to four -as in the 
old . days; Kingston would 
probably, sage a second Test 
matek The chief hazard as I see 
it, shonld the two Trinidad kgs 
of the tour be considered 
impracticaMe. woald lie in the 
Jamaican unions following their 
.Trinidadian: brothers. Without 
Jamaica as .wefl as Trinidad, 
oven an abbreviated tour would 
be unlikely. But it is being 
prematurely -.pressiimstic to 
think that that will happen. 

If. the Worst should come to 
'foe worn and foe. tour does 
have lo be ranralkri. no one 
..likes to say for certain who 
would pick up which of the 
. bills. Political factors stand in 
: ;the way of a comprehensive 
insurance policy.". being tflk*ry 
out against toe tour being 
.cancelled. However, there is a 
contractural- clause between the 
TGCB and the England party 
relating, to 'cancellation which 
• would greatly reduce the 
board’s liability if the team bad 

Once foo tour has started, 
England benefit from the overal 
guarantee already agreed with 
the West Indian Cricket Board 
of Control, out of which players' 
and officials* fees, amounting to 
something in the region of 
£200,000, are found. :■ Tours to 
foe Caribbean are invariably 
staged at a substantial loss to 
the home board, whether or not 
they are sponsored, owing to the 
small population and -the 
.distances : to .be travelled. A 
tho usan d miles of ocean separ- 
ate Trinidad from Jamaica. -It is 
on overseas tours, especially to 
England and Australia, that 
West Indies the money 

which keeps their own game 
going, another ~ reason for foe 
importance they attach to 
keeping playing links intact 

■ **«*r>i 

Luckhurst loses job Province at 
as Kent manager 

By Richard Streeton 

Brian Lackbnrat, the former 
England player, lost Us job as Kent 
manager yesterday - and Gchan 
Mama, the Sussex opening bat- 
smen, signed a two-year contract 
with Lancashire. Beth announce- 
ments were In keeping with a due 
seasea more active ft»« nml In 
emsty committee rooms. 

Kent's decision to switch Lock- 
hunt to new wpoadbflMw wfH 
jm Chriatopber CWdrey^tbe Kent ; 
captain, =a pnch freer .kind' M 
muring foitBratiSS; Gow&ey has 
the chaxactrMOttlJSdigrte t? prefer; 



T a«ut*8 
knows he 


«»d several : 

selections, —mot . often inaui e d 
erkkian from Kent members, who 
are tanglier tor success, perhaps, 
than any others onhride Yorkshire.' 

The departnre of Graham Johnson 
after 21 years* sereke also did little 
(o help the. atmosphere la dressing 
room and pavilion. •' 

Lnckbnret who was appointed 
manager In 1981, has always carried - 
the baden,.thongh> of c om p ar i so n 
with Kenf t ao-caHed “glory years” 
in the 1970s, when LesDfrAmes held 
the Idas. Lnckhnst, as the dub’s 
first- cricket admmisttntor, will now 
be mrolred In sereral other areas, - 
indUdhig -martatiy and sponsor-- 
ship. He wjH help Colin Page on the' 
coaching side, and lead the second 

It has ben. a fcirfy recent 
development for some c ou ntie s to 
have a manager- Kent's dispensing 
with the post wffl renew the 
artmnent about its usefulness. 

. Meadis’s fotas'to jcrin l asm- 
shire wffl gh c tiau an ideal opening 
partner for Graeme Fowler. Sussex 
agreed to release Meodfs, who had a 
dispute last year with hta captain, 
John Barclay. 

mercy of 

Pretoria (Reuter) - The pace 
bo vrier. Rod McCurdy, took five for 
54 for the Australian “rebels” as 
Northern Transvaal slumped to 91 
for seven in iheir first innings ou the 
first day of the three-day match here 
yesterday. The Australians' tad 
carder made 229. . 

McCurdy- had Vernon du Preez 
caught off the shoulder of his bat 
with the first ban ■ of Northern 
Transvaal’s innings, and went on to. 
take three more quick wickets; two 
of them dean bowled in successive 
bails i 

The home side were 28 for six 
before Kevin Verdooin and Anion 
Ferreira added 55 for the seventh 
wicket. Ferreira was caught off 
McCurdy for 25 and Verdoorn was 
unbeaten on 31 at the close. 
aCOHfc/UltaSm Xk.Fk»t byilnfltZS (MU 

NBiwiifiiiiflUWK rtfH tnpings. »i foriavn 

Marks, the Somerset and 
Ep^nd aB-rounder, has joined the 
staff of Taunton Public School until 
the start of the new season, as 
classics teacher. 


White is stretched by Williams 

Jimmy White struggled to a 
slender 4-3 lead-over Rex Williams . 
„ during the first session of their semi- 
- final in the . Mercantile Credit 
Classic fa Warrington yesterday. 

White found , hft mr from easy 

-: against W illiams, who is seeking a 
- . place in the final of a major Open 
tournament for the first time in his 
;. 35-year professional career. The 
!. Londoner, ranked No 7 in the 
-- -world, won the first two frames.with 
. : breaks of 43 and 94 but Williams 
took the next on the pink and & 
_ r - score of 68 was enough to win him, 
■' the foarth and. level foe match. 

White won foe filth on the black . 
; after Williams had led 68-62 but was 
then a spectator as the former world 
professional biHiarals champion “ 
dominated the sixth frame with 

breaks of 46 and 59. A break.of 43 
won the lastframeofthe session for 
White. - . - 

In foe first . semi-final on 
Thursday Cliff -Thorbom defeated 
Doug. Mountjoy 9-6 alter a long, 
tense struffile. - 

SEW-nNAtSJVMa tads ItaMtanvs «. 
Franws (wMaftWfc 7S4B, 1M4, 9B-m 04B. 
.75-68, 0-105. eSMfe C TbortMm (CanJ M D 
Mourtjew-9-6- Frirna sootm (moibum tag: 
«7-6 sT»«. 1W-1L 4Mi; IMfo 
5MZ. 67-31. (Mb, 7»30. . 

. CHff Thortram; who . won a 
thrilling quarter-final against Joe 
Johnson in the Mercantile Credit 
Classic, wall meet foe Yorkshireman 
again in another best-o£nine-fraxne 
first round match ip the Benson and 
Hedges Masters, at -Wembley later 
this, month; The C a na d i an trailed 3- 
4 and 0-47 in the eigth' frame before 
recovering to' win. 

Thortrarn, the defending cham- 
pion, is seeded to meet' foe_ world 
champion Dennis Taylor in foe 
best-of-1 7-frame final on Sunday, 
February 2. But Taylor is in the 
same half of foe draw as Steve 
Davis, his victim in last year's- epic 
world championship finaL 
. FOUST ROUND DRAW: C Thorfaum v J 
Johnson; A WflBh* v T Qrtftfts; K SWwni iv E 
Cna/Non; S Ffanctoco * T KnowtatS Data v 
D««d Tapoc W Thonw * R Ftarton; J VMM v 
T Mm D Hountey v Danrta TSylor- 
• The professional snooker same 
will switch to foe continent for the 
first time less than 48 hours after, 
tomorrow’s conclusion of the 1 
Mercantile Credit Classic Eight of 
the world’s top nine ranked players, 
make foe journey to Ostend where a> 
£40,000 event sponsored by table! 
manufacturers BCE opens on 




to DMua OSIIank ««* l7 iMQ s snt 
Lflfmyna (RoCwwt* Porxchw w zZnwi 
4nc 2. lekx and Brwur JPoDwafa 



BMOPEAN' Oft Mao: SwnHtal nrsun:; 

Unugoa 88. Maccta Tal Avfv S^.O^ritM 


BADEN, SwttEMtaft BiqMM Wofwvrt 

(RsVmrn Honda}' 6hr 0&22; Z HawW Mtatadrid 

LBkUJDQ - DO. Mllll ■■ I V nvu 

aracMMi as. BtaUadfU 78. 



f" - . a ri* 

IRoVmm Honda}' Stir 0R2 Z 2.H WU 

fc^M) ftiaaz z c NMoj pwrenw 

Hondo) &2E--01. OWEHA11: CAR* t. 

and Larwyw JRoaw iana Poncho) ^2 22tt 2. 

Woe and Braraaur fftodrawno Pqracho) 

a a :o 

-.3 2 1 




292 275 

13*434; 3. Raymond* and _Boo Jtanjjo 

Row) 13^427. MOTORCYCLES^ 1, C Mnu 

no Honda} 2S:(2£S? >Z J( AwW 

25:4038: Z G UM* Ptahman* 

"238. : ... : . ... 


200 *2t 

278 302 

264 380 



MucitUTalArtv ra 0 3 — _ 

(Top two taamo'anar IBMriao quaflfy tor Anal) 
EUROPEAN CUP; W o m a n- tt ta j ta r 
mop: CSKA Moocow 78, StadoFroncta 
vwSfas woanra pi) 89. ImU 

SparokSoeaSt. - 

— uttfTtD STATES: l lo ao aa l Aooo doflpn 

Eurepo I) bt ASM I M: Europe HI bt Asia t>f S-4; 
Baopo IV fat Asia ID SsTwomwc ANofl bt 
Europ* I S3. ANA t U Europo 0 B-Z Asia » t* 

EurepaBS-1. , 



. M 13&1BJhr, Z T Wdar|3— , 

. firafpOVtUSSR) 13R23-7. 

HAUTE NENDAZ, tataariao* &#+ 
Wohh tMnnttot - otaapioBahtaB ltal% 
PanBal stuton: Manohaata. taAMwl 
ParaM aMotr Mmcbatar. GaraW Bowi 

pnU Mont Unta. tZJLaKtaUnwMtta 
S**Jual paraM aUdnt U tahtt 

Oanver Nugoars 5*. &**«* SupwaoNca ». 

IndMduN spadt) attorn: J 
Turn tant MMm Stttt. Wtad jl (■* 

Natan: Bata*. ConttMd un cup: IXrfam., 

CooWnadtndMAal ass Oms. 


__ J 0taiJazz& 

Portamouft fo IHsutfy. fa 

L^aatar 120 (Yoiaio-4Z VauWian S2l crystal 

Pata»1184to«iinBs33).*flBrO-T. . 

BSLPAST. Mk I nU ai W taftt ObbTounamam. 

SMPthtte Maas Fla BaJglun .iqB, lJnctem. 

Doddaods Oystal Patocol t£^am StahwMa 
Btact 6Sb Mnattm CSCMcago 9*- 


Swtear taid i Hungary 0; West Garmany Z 

W*S3nqtO«: WomaUf tawnam ant Sao- 

otanOMb M Navratlova « 8 8loan* {lia 63. 




Ruyaaohar 30. 8« Gojbw and Croft M 
-Rj^aachar rodOumonlt 8-1. M. 

ATLANTA: Roua^t**n CMtaga lotma- 

matafeS EcStara @wa) btJ«c&vos (L® 83, 

wSSXS/% B bt l ?3tti < ^ez«B 

State (UauCUBarUitt 7i&4: W Maaur 
(Aua) ttlMta (U§»4. 8-4. 

!<■*» Stas 7. Boaion Bniha „ 

Ftawa Z Vancowar Canuata A 


- * -p* 

Waat Garmany; 

IPUdayt 1, Mhureu aiaJJluttaiii^ 
feZ&GltateitaFMoBar fflaftOna . 
ntiot Z U Rstar (Gttx} wwBHwrann * 
K(MR>. MMl ptahltF S. Q Mg0n*{*tti 

and A HMhNMtaHranMwnnMMtaHta 



ZYugoNttaZAtangwy*- •: 

, ■ CRICKET . - ; . . 

sHEman snbto > amu# cwr 

Attasl>313 lor SJSXMrWrRAeM) 5 fer 

Ti T „— ■- inPartteMawSO MbWata ga 

e KUlWM 6 «r 40, WtaMia Aotrtt MO 
4ta.WP0d88«» ■ ; ' 


£100 for best view 

Boxing, supporters , win have to 
pay £100 for foe best scats at the 
Frank Bnmo-Getrie.Coetzee'heavy- 
weight bout at Wembley on March 
4. Other prices arc £i7^H) (all sold), 

£25. £35. £50 and £75. 

Colts final date 

The final of the cobs county 
rham pinnshio. between Kent and 
Yorkshire, mU be played at Dover 
tin February 1: It should have been 
played last Saturday at Dover but, 
despite a late transfix to CUtetinny, 
the weather forced a postponment. 


wnc>4. tSrTT. iflSTtfe SSotataS^SSS QtaUri 

®223L? k* ataw barnTTocka^vafas). 4-0j k. 

P"f»* y **** ** GtaMrpSStaTOTtailAiaS.*^. 


L^U PWa -V *C 

tsf**** s a a - ■ - 

fflsa ■ :z- S S3 : -5 

ao so pwre - -2 

85 -108 pwftr - • 
SanWdro 36 50 fap«a - 


Van Re os burg (left) and Anna cone on their way to victory over DePaimer and Donnelly (Photograph: Chris Cole) 

Return to the days of nice guys 

By Rex Bellamy 
Tennis Correspondent 

Paul Annacone and Cbrisio ran 
Rensburg. foe least familiar players 
in today's semi-fmais of the Mazda 
Cara doubles tournament at foe 
Albert Hall,, are taking us tack to 
those well remembered days when 
foe nice guys finished first, in those 
days, mind you, there were not 
many bad guys in foe business. But 
we should be grateful that players 
like Amtacone and van Rensburg 
are emerging at or near the top of 
the heap. 

Both are easy-going men. laid 
back to the point of looking sleepy. 
The word from foe ladies who often 
have to work with them is that both 
are “sweethearts'’. The middle-aged 
females who help out at tourna- 
ments mostly want to mother the 
boyish, genially extrovert- van 
Rensburg and would not mind in 
foe least if they had a son-in-law like 
foe more reserved Anna cone, a dark 
and handsome man with Italian 

Van Rensburg jokes about his 
“jug" ears. Amtacone tends to be 
reflective rather than witty, though 
be came out with a good line when 
he and van Rensburg. both 
qualifiers, had to play each other in 
foe third round at Wimbledon in 
1984- “There has to be a nobody in 
foe last 16*\ Annacone said. “I just 

Fast carpet for 
Davis Cup tie 

The Lawn Tennis Association will 
import a specially fast carpet court 
for their Davis Cup tie against Spain 
from March 7 to 9. They announced 
Telford as the venae yesterday and 
the team manager. Paid Hu tchins, 
said: “We have selected it because 
we had a good response from foe 
crowd there when we played Italy in 

The normal slower surface at this 
West Midlands Indoor centre would 
suit the Spaniards, so Hutchins is 
having a BoD lex surface flown from 

hope the nobody is me." It was, too. 

Annacone and van Rensburg 
enjoyed each other's company that 
day - and still do. In Dece m ber of 
1984 they formed a makeshift 
doubles piunnerabip and won the 
New South Wales championship. 
Two months later they did it again, 
in Florida. “We won our first II 
matches, or something like that, so 
wc figured we should take it a little 
more seriously," Annacone said 
yesterday. They took it seriously 
enough in 1 985 to reach foe finals of 
seven grand prix tournaments and 
win four of them, including foe 
Australian championship. 

That earned them a place at the 
Albert Hall, where they have played 
14 sets and 162 games, including 
seven tie-breaks, in foe course of 
three matches tasting for a total of 
10 hours and 34 minutes. Their last 
mo matches, one on Thursday 
evening and another yesterday, 
spanned 10 sets. 111 games, and 
seven hours and 25 minutes of 
tennis crammed into a period of 20 
hours and 1 4 minutes. 

The extraordinary thing was that 
they seemed to be getting better all 
the time. Annacone reckons the 
concentrated hard labour did more 
good than harm to mild ailments in 
the lower back and right thigh. 
Possibly. But Annacone is foe kind 
of man who would regard an 
earthquake as no more than a 
gimmicky wake-up call. 

On Thursday evening Annacone 
and van Rensburg look four hours 
and 1 1 minutes to lose to Heinz 
Gunthardt and Balazs Taroczy, 
whom they must play again in next 
week's Masters tournament at 
Madison Square Carden, where 
Annacone also has a fust round 
singles match with somebody called 
Boris Becker. 

Less than 1 3 hours after 
Thursday's defeat, Annacone and 
van Rensburg (both adept at 
exploring the short angles) began a 
richly skilled match in which they 
look three hours and 14 minutes to 
beat Mike DePaimer and Cary 

Donnelly. 5-7. 6-3. 3-6.6-4, 7-6. 
“it does not mailer ", van Rensburg 
said, with that inimitably dipped 
South African accent, “as long as 
you win the lost point. We gutsed it 
oul and we were lucky." Annacone 
brooded for a moment or two. “We 
played good”, he said, “to hang in 

DePaimer and Donnelly have 
also made an impressive debuL at 
the Albert HaJJ. The odd coinci- 
dence about the match was that 
Annacone and DePaimer are good 
chums who. back at the University 
of Tennessee in Knoxville, have foe 
same coach - DrPalmrr's lather. 
That takes us beck to our beginnings 
about nice guys and all that. “The 
whale idea behind a career", 
Annacone philosophized yesterday, 
“is that you have to be good at 
something, and you also have to 
enjoy it." The only reasonable rider 
is that unless you enjoy foe job you 
will not be good at it. 

RESULTS: Bl US group: H Qumtmdi (5u 
and B Taroczy ftknl bt P Annacona (US) on 
van Rensburg ISA) 7-6. 4-6. 73. 6-r. I 
Annacona ana van Ronsbura k m DaraWner 
and G Donnelly (US) 5-7. 63.3-6. 64. 7-6. Red 
group: P Stall ana T Sndd bl M Edmondson 
and K Waiwta (AusJ6-7, 6-1. 7-6. 6-7. 7-5. 

NJ For their Davis Cup world group 
first round tie in Mexico from 
March 7 to 9. West Germany have 
added Ricki Ostenhum and Tore 
Meinecke lo the quartet who came 
close to taking foe title off Sweden 
in last month’s final. 


Jiang jialing, the Chinese world champion, beating Jacques 
Secretin, of France, 21-14, 21-11 yesterday as Asia lost 4-3 
to Europe in Valkenswaard, The Netherlands 


British seek experience 
rather than medals 

From Philip Nicksan, Paris 

Elvis Gordon, Britain's European 
heavyweight bronze medal winner, 
lakes port this weekend in one of foe 
most testing invitation tournaments 
of foe year, foe Paris Mufti-Nations, 
after just one week of post-Christ- 
mas training. 

He leads a depleted British team 
to Paris, not specifically on the 
medal bunt but more in search of 
the top-level competition he needs if 
he is to fulfil his undoubted 


“At 120 kilos, yet blessed with 
exceptional speed and strength, he 
could be a world beater - as all the 
heavyweights in international judo 
Circles know," Arthur Mapp. the 
British team manager and himself 
an Olympic heavyweight bronze 
medal winner, said. 

“Gordon came to judo late after a 
background in powerlifting and he 
cannot find sufficient partners to 
give him a realistic practice in 
Britain and develop his technique. 
In feet, font are only two people in 
foe country who can give him 
anywhere near ' foe level of 
opposition he needs.” 

It is Gordon’s competition fitness 

rather than his throwing skills which 
has been called into question 
repeatedly on the international map. 
He also tacks tactical awareness, a 
factor which caused defeat last year 
at foe hands . of foe Soviet 
champi on, Gregory Veritchev, after 
Gordon was wdl in the lead 
following a spec ta cu lar counter 

throw, in the European team 
competition in Belgium. 

Gordon is joined in Paris by the 
number twos in the British national 
squad with the exception of the 
bantamweight and featherweight 
categories where two members of 
the junior squad have been selected 
instead. They arc Mark Preston 
(Scotland) and Michael Chamber- 
lain (Wolverhampton) who are both 

preparing for the jutuor world 

championships in Rome in ApriL 
. With experienced teams from 
Japan, Korea and foe Eastern bloc 
rn opposition. Preston and 
Chamberlain will find this hard- 
won experience. 


M ftwton. . 

Mac: M Chambailafci 
Uose P Shoots. Upht 
tfesk M HcSortey. I . 
ttoak D Wtta. Ugh! 
centaam. i ta vn tt BW 

Harold Oakes 

Harold Oakes, the first director of 
the Sports Council for Wales and 
foe man responsible for getting foe 
National Sports Centre and 
National Outdoor Pursuits Centre 
built in Wales, has died. Oakes, aged 
64. died at foe University Hospital 
Wales, after a long illness. 

Hew Neilson 

Hew Neilson, foe world 24-hour 
walking record holder, has died at 
his home in Welwyn Garden City, 
Hertfordshire, aged 69. ' 


Great Britain lose but 
finish as champions 

Great Britain won foe four 
nations tournament in Kuwait 
yesterday to continue their emerg- 
ence as one of the world’s strongest 
forces in the sport. They lost 3-2 to 
The Netherlands, but finished top of 
foe table, a point ahead of Pakistan, 
who drew 3-3 with India in the last 

It was a greatly improved overall 
performance from foe British, who 
finished at the bottom of foe table in 
foe previous tournament at Dubai. 

Britain seemed to be well on the 
road to victoiy with a 2-1 lead and 
only four minutes to pi but foe 
Dutch captain Ties Kruize, subse- 
quently- voted player of the 
tournament, converted two quick 
short corners to give foe Nether- 
lands victory. 

Britain went a goal down in the 
seventh minute from a short corner 
which was awarded after Pappin, 
their goalkeeper, was penalized for 
obstruction. Kruize converted to 
score foe first of his three goals. 
Batchelor equalized early in the 
second half and Keriy. who has 
come on as a substitute for Clift, pul 

them 2-1 ahead from a. free hit 
India, plagued by slack defence in 
their earlier matches appeared to 
have regained top form when they 
led Pakistan 2-1 at foe interval. 
Mohinder Pal Singh scored twice 
within five minutes shortly before 
the break in reply to an early goal by 
Qasim Khan. Ferozi equalized and 
then Pakistan look foe lead through 
their captain. Sardar. only for 
Jalaludding to level foe scores. Both 
sides then launched furious attacks 
and India's Somaya and Safer and 
Pakistan's Akfoer were sent to foe 
sin-bin. Safar. after completing his 
spell, reiurnd to for game only to be 
sent off again 

Knaxo. F 
I Pension 
Eabar), M 

van Oronpergen. 

GREAT BRIT AM: V Pappin. P BoBand. S 
Martin. J Ponsr. R Dodds (capa S Batctokx, A 
Faina. J Duttila, R Clift, (sub: S K arty), R 
Cowan. K Krapp. 

w: Stoner and Bain. 


Great Britain 

P W D L F A ft* 
8 2 0 1 6 5 4 
3 1116 6 3 
3 1114 4 3 

3 0 2 1 4 5 

Scotland win but Ireland 
give them a fright 

By Sydney Frisian 

Scotland, the holders, had a close 
call in foe first match of the Home 
Countries indoor championship 
against Ireland at Crystal Palace 
iterday. With five minutes to go 
land were leading 5-4 and foe 
Scots had to sirufstie before they 
emerged victorious 8-5. 

Scotland can thank Lei per for 
helping in their recovery by scoring 
foe first four goals and Secular 
eventually put them on foe road to 
victory with two quick goals. The 
Irish, however, looked a little 
sharper and it was only their 
inexperience in defence which led to 
foe Scottish revival. 

The Scots made a cautious start 
and in their zeal to protect their 
goalkeeper allowed Ireland to take 
foe initiative: The first thrill of the 
match was provided by Kenny 
Morris who came tearing into foe 
rirde to he confronted by Wilson, 
foe goalkeeper, who saved at the 
expense of a corner. 

This comer came to nothing, so 
did the one that followed, but 
Ireland were successful from their 
third corner which was smartly 

converted by Ivan Moms, the 
brother of Kenny. 

These two players combined well 
and Kenny Morris scored Ireland's 
second goal before foe Scots 
launched the counter-offensive 
which brought them two quick 
goals, both scored by Leiper 

Ireland for the remaining minutes 
of foe fiist half looked a little more 
enterprising and Kenny Morris look 
advantage of a lapse in the Scottish 
defence to put them 3-2 ahead. 

Ireland increased their lead to 4-2 
from a comer early in foe second 
half when Filgas scored with some 
assistance from Crawford. Then 
Scotland gathered their resources 
for a strong counter-offensive and 
Leiper scored from their fifth 
comer, addng another soon after to 
level foe scores at 4-4. 

Ireland came bock into action and 
from a corner Filgas put them ahead 
5-4 before two goals by Seoul er from 
open play enabled the Scots to go 
ahead 6-5. Ireland tried desperately 
to hold off foe Scottish attacks but 
Leiper scored foe seventh goal for 
Scotland and Christie added foe 
eighth almost on time. 


New event reflects boom 

The inaugural fathers and sons 
real tennis doubles championship, 
red by Rank Xerox and 
t Elliott, begins at foe 
Leamington Tennis Court Qub 
today (William Stephens writes). 
Inspired by the growing number of 
family pairs now playing foe game, 
it fellows the format established at 
foe Racquet dub of Philadelphia. 

First seeds are David Warburg, 
force times amateur champion, and 
his son. Thane, foe former 
Cambridge captain; seeded second 
are Charles Swallow, three times 

open doubles champion and his son, 
Mark, a former Oxford captain. 
Third seeds are Francis and Ivan 
Snell with Peter and John Wilson 
seeded fourth. Notable absentees are 
David and James Mata ' 

The entry would probably be 
larger were it not for the Gelation 
amateur rackets double champion- 
ship which starts at Queen's Qub 
today with John Prenn and Charles 
Hue Williams, the holders seeded to 
meet William Boone, the world 
champion, and Randall Crawley in 


steals the 

From John Ballantinc 
Carlsbad, California 

A brilliant exhibition of putting 
for a fine 67 by Scon Verptank, an 
amateur, and a rare eagle three at 
the long 12th by Bernhard Langer 
for another 69, were features of a 
second round played in bright 
Californian sunshine in the Tourna- 
ment of Champions. The players 
were paired together in yesterday's 
third round. 

Tom Kite, the defending cham- 
pion, Calvin Peete, and Mark 
O'Meara who tad 65, the best round 
of foe day, led on 135. Langur and 
Jim Thorpe were three behind, 
while Verptank, who is being 
enthusiastically hailed as “foe new 
Jack Nicktaus", was on 139 with 
Danny Edwards. 

Verptank stole foe show. Ameri- 
cans are anxious to see new talent 
emerging after their embarrassingly 
heavy defeat by Europe in foe Ryder 
Cup at The Belfry last autumn and 
this compact Oklahoma University 
undergraduate fits the bill. 

“He is as good as anybody on the 
tour right now", Peete enthused. 
"He reminds me of Nicktaus, 
Johnny Miller, and Lanny Wadkins 
before they turned pro. He is one of 
foe reasons our calibre is so good 
these days. College boys are coining 
out expecting to win." 

Kite's comment was more 
cautious. “Scon has tremendous 
ability and is going to be a great 
player. Bui at this stage; nobody 
expects anything of him .among foe 
pros, so be just goes out and 
freewheels. He will find it different 
playing for a living." 

Verptank. who is in this 31-man 
field by having beaten Thorpe in a 
play off in foe Western Open in 
August, and who was foe bane of the 
British and Irish in the Walker Cup, 
winning three and a half out of four 
points, will turn pro after foe US 
Open in June. “When I start to play 
regularly among these fellows. I'll 
have a better idea of how I can 
cope." he said modestly. 

Langcr was set to do very well in 
the last two rounds, while Scotland’s 
Sandy Lyle can make a very big 

SECOND ROUND: LaadM Kmc 13 S: T Wta. 
69 66 : C Paata, 00 . 87 . M o'Maara. 70 . 66 . 13 fc 

B LsngerfWG) 69. BB. J Thorpe, 70,69; 139: D 
EOwams. 70. 68, Scott Vaniank, amateur. 72. 
67; 140: A North. 70. 70; 141: D Foreman. 72, 

69. M McCumbar. 68. 73; 14% 8 Ltd* (GB). 70. 
72. W Loot. 70. 72. G Bums. 71, 71. P 
Bbdcman. 74. 8&- 143; H ►win. 72. 7). 



on Marsh 

By Nicholas Keith 
David Marsh remains probably 
the best player to have played and 
never to have won the President's 
Putter. He survived 18 holes and 
appalling weather at Rye yesterday 
morning when foe rain lanced 
across the links ahead of winds 
which gusied to SOmph. 

Bui in the afternoon, with 
improved conditions, he succumbed 
to Martin Yates almost in the dark 

at foe 21 si hole after a memorable 

struggle. A former Ryder Cup player 

and captain, Marsh, who is 51, was 

three down with six to play, having 

started at the 10fo: but he won three 

of the next holes with solid pars to 

go one up with one to play. 

Yates is an experienced cam- 

paigner. this is his nineteenth year 
in foe Putter and he has reached the 
last four three times. However, be 

took three putts at the short seventh 

lihcir 16th) and then pushed his 

second shot into foe thorn bushes at 

the next, where he had to concede. 

At foe final bole he sank a 
courageous birdie pun from 20ft - 
downhill and downwind - to keep 
the match alive. Then he had puns 

for foe match at foe 19fo and 20fo 

before a superb six iron to the 21st 

(foe 1 2th) secured a cast-iron par 

four, whereas Marsh was to the left 

of the green with his second shot 

and could not get down in two from 


As Marsh was defeated, foe 
honour of foe older generation was 

splendidly upheld by Peter Osborn, 

aged 60, and Peter Bathurst, who is 

59, and foe Puner's historian. In foe 

afternoon Osborn beat Arthur 
Bastiaorilo, with two long putts 
early in foe match and some 
shakiness on foe green by his 
younger opponenL 
Other notable players in foe last 
16 include Michael Reece, foe only 
previous winner surviving; Simon 
Ellis, foe current Cambridge 
captain; Jeremy Caplan, hero of the 

day. and Jamie Warman, who put 

oul David Harison. The second- 

round match between Harrison and 

Donald Steel lived up to expec- 

tations. despite the weather. 

Finally, Richard Strothers- Pal- 
mer had a day to remember. His 
engagement was anounced in The 

Times and in foe morning be beat 

.Andy Edmond, foe 1984 winner, on 
the last green, having been four up 
with six to play. His afternoon 
match against Bruce Sireafoer was 
cm short by foe developing darkness 
and he resumes today one down 
with four holes to play. 

8BCOND ROUND: M Grant ht P VWMffl 2 ant 

1; R KrelUng bt M Batant t holK A BasUanaBo 

bt J Baastoy t hottr Oabom bt R Rvbw- 
wauan S and 4; R Bisson bt S Twtgdon 3 and 

2: P Souatsr bt J Brandow 4 and 3; A Straeav 

bt R Randal 5 and 4; G CoHngaffl bt A 

McCaflum 4 and 3: M 

at Lawson bt J Onto i 3 1 and ZB 

Sireathar bt O Taytor 4 and Z R C Ptanar M A 

Edmund 1 hois; TPowHi bt G Agata 3 ml Z D 

Sparrow bt j Wtfaon 6 and 5: A Ftahw bt J 

Ksm 3 and Z D Slmom bt H ntchto 3 and Z 8 
ate a P Humes 4 and £ M Grindrod M J 

Downs 2 ana t: J Caplan bt T Ratter 4 and Z 

M Mafim bt G Fosier at 19th: D Marsh « J 

CrUdcsWanlc 1 hole: M Ymn M MFro«ifi3 
and Z W BNtaeha bt C Harrison IwSlP 

Bathurst bt N PhBcn* 1 hole: J Woman « W 

Bo/etay 3 and £ D Harrlaan « D Steal 2 and i; 

P Warn bt R Devtn i hot* D Warden m R 

Hurst 1 hole. 

THIRD ROUND: Grant bt KraKna 1 beta 
Oabom bt BHdeneBo 3 and Z Sounar bt 
Baton 1 hota Hmcay bt CoBnghamS and 4; 
Rseca bt Busha* 2 and 1; Baned-Groano * 
Cooper, to fWstr. Lawson bt Fahier 4 and Z 
Sreaftar v Btn n harr P a k ner, tt_ Wan; 
Speirew bt Rowofl 1 hole: rtshar bt fflnena 4 
andS: EBs bt Brindrod 1 hole: Cepttt fat Malta 
2 and i: Yates bt Marsh at 21st Bathurst M 
Bamacha 3 and Z Warman bt Hutton 2 end 
1; Webb V Wartan. to flnlah. 

Tour change 

The Tunisian Open, foe opening 
event on foe 1986 PGA European 
golf lour, has been cancelled. It was 
scheduled for April 10 to 13 K B 

k* an i.i nui Mohamed Lama out, the 
director of Tunisian golt said: “We 
have decided for this year lo useall 
available fends to extend our golfing 
facilities in the area.” The tour will 
now commence with foe Cannes 
Open from April 17 to 20. 

-■ i" 



ROYAL festival hall 


TOMORROW at 7 JO pm 





■ST R * wd BOLERO 

£■3 JO. £5, ifiSB.CJO. £8.%, £9 JO HJI 0 Mia 1191 CC. 01-9288800 






■ Rachmaninov RHAPSODY ON A THEMR ftp nfi akikt 






C oihiuinr JAMES JUDD JOHN OGDON puns 
£L50, HX. £5 50. £6J0, pSKlfiSO, £9j0 Hd 01-9X3191 CC 0U«B MOfl 

Sunday 19 January at 7 JO 






Adagio from Symphony No. 10 
Mss N0.6 in E Sat 

£1 IS. CCS. £475. £7M,£10B<*Offiix0l ; *a jiqj CC 01-9288800 



Principal Conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli 
Furtwangler Centenary Concert 

Monday 20 January at 7J0 


Brahms: Symphony No 2 

Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 

Trim. £4 £4 75. £5.75, £7, £83. [JIM, £ 10LS0L £li 
AraCitoltfroBi Htfl iOI-928 31911 CC (01-928 8800) & mail ym 





j«L <*** • • • PEER GTNT SUIIB VOU 





^ TchaOavriy CAPRKOO ItAUEN 

O- Hi £450, £3 SO. £0.50. £7 50. £8. SO. £9J0Hul 01-928 3191 C.G 01-498800 







C«. 4« «. £5-50. £450. £7.50. £8.50. £*.« tU 01-«8 31*1 CC 01-928 M» 


h ihi piricaa* •TH-R-H. Priam Akaaadn 


Monteverdi Choir and O rc he stra 
Baitan Bouncy Soprcno Diana Mm pa MraaStpaa 
Patrick PWrTcncr WUbnl WMH Dm 

£8. £5J0. £3 fan Bn Office 01-93 3191 CC 01-08 8800 h *e» 
MomenmdB Chair and Orchestra Ltd 

FRIDAY NEXT 17 JANUARY at 7.45 pm 


Ravel Puub poor not > nl «btl r 
Bcrinn Pino Coaccno No.1 nC 
Fame hwc,tpa 50 
Df Fab B Anna Skua 

Trim £150, £? 30, £450. £5. £490 bon Pm OOce (01-^98 3191] 
Grab Gmfci0l-4Q8 6899) md am 

INTERMUSK LA Antat' Ming mi III pmaea 


THURSDAY 25 JANUARY ai 7.45 pm 
Haydn Suuuc Hortok No. 4 HcnMmbl E mm Op. 44/2 
Schubert QotnetBOz Beep Lyne State Be cUwmn Op. 131 
Mosul G man KJ87 Dcfaooj Brahms A tan Op-51/2 
£££290,090. £4 £5. Sola. £a4ftCUS0.£U 
to Office 01-98 1191. CC 01-93 8800 




TOMORROW at 7.30 





Beethoven. -...SYMPHONY NO 7 

£5 £7.50 £8,50 £9. M from Hill 638 80913628 8795 daily iac. Saa». 






£5 £6 0.50 £8.50 £10 tea Hsll 638 8891(828 8795 duly me -«umc 


MIRl in aw o ci ario e with the LSO 





Mendelssohn OV. FIN GAL’S CAVE 

Handel .......................MUSIC FOR THE ROYAL FIREWORKS 

Brnch.................„......„,„...,.................VIOLIN CONCERTO 


£3 £4 £9 £6-50 £7.50 £8.50 tea Hill 928319! CC928MW 


WiLilAV LY.Si 

(iOX OFFICE G:S3C'2IC1 f,‘A;U,\5 LiST £'.3 



Wljmurc Ball Monday Neat QJaauy at 7J8 

J The Angle Antrim Mtaec Satiety presents' 



Winner of the 1984 Richard Tauber Prize 


hr detainer Wipaarrlial ptnd 

R t St John's Smith Square 

)■ 1 «n .or V 1 1 'Ha 1 •' i v.t i ’• i 0- 

fJov I>-1 Mo'n-Fri iljrsiiPpm 

y. jpci.'t'n/ni ii'^rnal-cacfi^ii-iT:, '■ 



13 Jan 1 ROGER V1GN0LEB pana B eet ho — c Sonata In C Op.tig No.1. 

PrakeHM Sonata Onllft. £2 


The Natiaaa] Blfttadary That Ftnd pramm • 

In the presence ofHJLH. Princess Alexandra 


Beethoven Sonatas 


(amfience is be seated by 645 pm) 

Trine £3 dnaocnedj £5, £», 02 Bm Offim 01 J2J W»l 


BOX OFFICE 01-688 9291 CREDIT PHONE 01-680 9999 


Wednesday 15th January 8J» pis 


ntaw amt riaaic of note omna 
CUIKA Ononar.-Rotdmmd LadsriU' 


MBNUUSOHN YWn Cootaro b E minor 

£3. £4 /?. £6, 0 SboaCm l prime £23P- <UBl £450,0, £8 

Saturday U Janaary &00 pm 



BEETHOVEN Omnr, ■RoDrihari- 
TCHAROVSICY ha Caaona No.1 alb a iin or 
DVOBAK Syn*tair Ni8 in G 

£3-£4£550.£4i0,£7J0 Sto-Cnl prioa £130, 0.W. £479. £5JA £6JD 

Wednesday 22 JnnaryS-00 pm 


Cdcbmy Pane Redial 
BACU-BUSONI dacBone m D ancr 

SCHUMANN Emasr a COp.17 

BEETHOVEN S a n aa in B flat ap. 106 'HanmeMaric' 

SbaaCnd poatK 0 A £4, £490 



16 January at 7.30pm Royal Albert Hall 

in the presence qf 

T.R.H. the Prince and Princess of Wales 
The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester 

Royal Charity Gala for 
Mexican Earthquake Fund 


Ghena Dimitrova Arthur Davies 
Dame Janet Baker Robert Lloyd 

We regret to announce that owing to indisposition 

Placido Domingo 

will be replaced by Sir Charles Mackerras 

Philharmonic Orchestra. Bach Choir 
Loudon Philharmonic Choir, PtuUtarmonia Chonu 

Tickets hum £60-£7 JO obtainable Don the Royal Albert HaH 
01-589 8212 cc 589 9465 and Tictamaster 01-379 6433 (credit cards) 




A»4 B Whmr be fitr cri hdy member rfdte aiuUaKi 


To C ma t u B wift 


-Taritento Mmbe Sfar. 5^ I^fctOwriy Or, Pi ■ Snerigy N>£5 Hjlft).' 

■ Are. M»riite«MC^Ca^ 'lnaBpo VotaiBy - 


md 8 k hpmri Mm FtaSJwSSifc The Lriy d* I-«F 
~ Ccaduetor FBA5ER GOULDINO (MLL1AN KPOGHT cmtndta 

£%£A0-»£A9A£»1Oi,a*ireD)ariti Und OAnWFpcrii 




HU RUN VVjto (tfinaer ef the City RT Parii MenuMn VUia CompcddoB BS5) 
h piwrlwlnB whh Aa«l« Sefai Ardm MinimRV 

£4W. £7 JO, OLSO, £9.50, £10. W I 

SUNDAY 9 FEBRUARY at I put; _ 

© Repeal perf o rm ance by Public Demand of 
Howard Blake's 


with PAUL MILES KINGSTON si n g i ng 

IWilMiae. Homtd Bhfce'a Owrtut* an Nnnery Rhyma, «nd 

The RaturfaMc Racket » 


(Uolti £E» drikoj inkt 16 £490 

TUESDAY 1 1 FEBRUARY « 7^5 pan 









.. e.on.eso.ffso.ruB . 








CarimwihUDOUBm, nitmw Htaue nty^p^ . . .. 


8a Offise 101-628 >799) Ctcjk GmlifOl^H 88911 

JCXN OUR FREE MAILING LIST. Write to Ibyunnd Guttey Lai, 
125 Tottcntam Comt Rood, London W1 or phone 01-387-3082 





SbetiKi HNL6NDI 










P«*a PAWS 




- £4.£\£Wft£8.£IO 

Ttet tw— Sp wwot ed by DBLIa uMtl im l (tap LML. . 



itbim CTJH X A; Owtnan Rnate *d I*M» 

, sMTI.l _ - TCHAIKOVSKY: Boo OmgaaNa.1 

HKH/Vi MBBuratsyawtanriw 

N1BWM PNW. |£J.£4 £9. C6, £7,jCUBHri01-M8 8891*28 879} 

MiaTSUMmo >*« Bp e e lam i tl—d Arth w l imi te d 


Handel: MESSIAH 

Madeofan Sm**nt Fcsdwri Choir — 80# voket 
Goat QMdr Ncrneshm Raiivel Cteir b Nadoaal Cenanei 


<L £1 £5^^450. £7-50 Hri(OI-» KOZ) CC (D1-5W OM5J 

Th» Etna rta nune nt Corporation proudly praam 


Nikolai Petror 



fTmtertbed tp Itxn) 


f Transcribed for ant piano by Gear/ca Btactf ■ ■ 

p E 8 : : i . 1 1 . rl y.) « : i : r I » * r J% p.V'.' fo 

(Tnataenbtd By Maurice RtrtTf 



Tickeii £1.50, £2. £3. £4, £4.50' 

Box offici tBhphom 01-928 3191 Crcdit emit 01-828 880ff . 

ADUPMI 886 7611 ■ nr tteo TPI8/4 
CC T4t 9999/836 7368/379 6493. 
Orp Sates 930 ot 23- 

34tnr7(Uy .. . 






■ . .“w'JTT 



>i;i i ) , T , i 

HSSbarbican hall _ 

n|i Barbican Centre, Silk Street, tv-cY 8Db 
.W©S>'£ri -63S 8891 / 623 87S5 : 

Telephone Bookings: 10am-8pm 7 days a week 

Owned. 1 b-'iC-c^ und ^ - r ' ' - ~ 

mr Sxrj 




Tboisd8y23 January 7JL5pin 

Barbican H 


_ coededs 


MURAIL Time and Again 

(Feeney Thist Co mmi ss ion^ First London performance) 


" : Sponsored by The Roytd Bank of Scotland 
Seat Prices £9-9Dt ALSO, £7JD, £6, £490. £3 

Box Office 1H 10-8 cmy day me Son 01-6388891/628 8795 ’ 


ii[ . _ ril WMI 


TPwa W*f.Y/ 1 1 piTh gSgw 

g b 




also otfpage35 




■-/ : * . 

success is ; ■ v - yay utv lucuus 


John Bertram^ thft AmerifBf Cnp^ 
, winning hehnsmirn, at jrarent in 
r' London to attend toe Soat Short 
,, and help the Western -Australia. 
;; promotion of thc 1987 defence -i 
which is expected to draw one and a- 
half million tourists to Besik* 
believes that administration is toe 
i ’■» HnJc in toe British challenge by* 
Royal Thames whfob is the most 
likely to determine whether or not 

0 toiywrt thedialfea*ertefiinma^ 

j series. 

1 “There ace. three Jactors in any 
syndicate, toe technology, toe crew, 
and toe adnrinistranan,- -toe 
amiable Bertrand says, Hly autobio- 

•: graphical account of Australia DTi 
* triumph is a controversial bestsdlec. 
“fa toe past, certainly before Fetor 
do Savar/s favolvtancau, in 1983, 

■: the British had tended historically 

; the soda! distinctions among their 
organizing personnel, when every- 
one needs to be polling ipgeihar. de 
' Sasvary was a ccntral foicc. bnta bit 
k on his own Kins Alan Bond was in 
1974,. not knowing when to stand 
i back and delegate. 

“Aj present, I would say toe New 
, York and San Diego 

skippered by John 

Dennis Conner, me toe strongest 
contenders in too challengers* series 
because of toeir experience toe 
desire to regain ret Tf**"* 1 - pr est i ge. 
Ir's not just toe New York Yacht 
Club any more, it's toe Stars and 
Stripes. The British, J iMnk, are 
potentially in a strong second 
category with toe American 
syndicate and toe Italians, though 
individually they have some 

Benrand. who will not consider a 
personal fifth America’s- Cop 
campaign, drinks that it may be 
easier for Australia to defend toe 
trophy than ifwas to win it. . 

The competition, he says, will be 
even ipore - cutthroat _ fa the 
; .daflenge round than it was last time' 
t ; .if ■ ■ Newport. ■■ :"fa any - sport, 
techniques are always improving. 
Match racing techniques are .bound 
to get bettei; and toe skippers wffl be 
tougher in 1 987 than they have ever 

French out of 
12-metre event 

Pfcrfa, Pierre English. 
manager of the Cballege 
America’s Cop syndicate, “yesterday 
announced their withdrawal -from 
the 12- metre world championships 
to be sailed here' next month (Joh® 
Roberson writes). He stressed that 
this was a withdrawal only from toe 
world championships, not from the 
America’s Cup. - 

The withdrawal has-been caused 
by a shortfall, in the sydicate's 
budget. The sponsors have decided 
it is better to concentrate-toe team’s, 
efforts bn the Cup, to be sailed off 
Fremantle in Febnmry. 1987. 

Two to come 

AH buttwo oftoe IS competing 
vachts lave -now completed the 

Whitbread round the world race at 
Auckland (John NichoQs -writes). 
Hie. British entry, Norsk Data GB, 
skippered by3ob Salmon, was the 
last to fims&of those so far home, 
crossing toe.lfae at ten o'clock local 
lime on Tfonsday evening. The 
boats stiD at. sea are Shadow of 
Switzerland .{Otto . . and .. Nora 
Zehender-Mudlcrt and the Sas Baia 
voting (Jesper ■ Norsk, Denmark). 
Their estimated tones of arrival are 
January 23 and 17 respectively. ’ 

Gntcnsohn is at 
. . home with, 
second victory 

By Mariana 

Vcry Prom^ and Von 
i Ite.pnly two' of today** 
Embassy Premier dhasft con- 
testants with .the . Chdtraham 
Gold. Cop on their ageria; look 
ffiody to dominate' toe cetrtre- 
■^aeofr of-an entertanring Ascot 

. ■ Very Promising has been 
trained:, tins season : with the 
loribaray as hfaiqreofie ofejeo- 
ttyn and David Njcfcpkoa’s 

| of previous experience 'over 
AscofsTtwiy rid: a half miles, 
beating that speedy Irish chaser 
' BodcTfouse by eight lengths in 

jecord time Tn. the H & -T 
Walker j. Goddess' .mndicap 
C ha se in November. 

Very Promising had one of 
today’s rivals, Oar Fun, -way 
back in -sixth place-, that day, 
while I Hhvenfafight now a 
stoneworseoff; was a casualty 
at , the fifth fences having 
previously been beaten ' II 
lengths by the -Condicote- bope 
at Chepstow., 

Clearly Very Promising is 
going to prams a formidable 
adversary, but I ; have slight 
preference' for -the year 1 older 
Voo TYappe, who gained, many 
admirers- with two . exciting 
victories; at Cheltenham and 
Kempton Park, last month. 

- - Last season Von Trappe did 
not take too Jdirily to chasing 
and reverted to the smaller 
■Obstacles^ tarafieg d substantial 
jpiinble 4 ^ir the; Mi^taet C^Ver 

stabfe in ; .the Coral Golden 
Handicap Hurdle final at ^ 
Cheltenham Festival meeting. ... 

On his , reappearance von 
Trappe threw " ft way .toother 
golden opportunity m a Hay- 
-dock- novice t- chase, blundering 
badly' at toe-last before. going 
under by A length to .Strands of 
Goito .. . . . . ;.- 

However/ Von Trappe !was 
foot perfect . on his hext.oiitmg, 
at Cheltenham, outpacing Mr 
Moonraker, who reopposes 
today on 51b better terms, by 
five lengths. It was' toe same 
story at Kempton * ■ where 
Richard "Dunwoody- bided his 
time - . before ;: rending' Vim 
Trappe into the lead two oat to 
beat GoWspun in a canter., 

' Those successful- waiting 
tactics are Ekely to be employed 
again today, and I envisage .Von 
Trappe, blessed with an excel- 
lent tnra.ofibot, mastering Very 
Promising hi toe final stages: - . 

If Vtm Tfappejdoes -ifaptare 

the Embassy, final then Strands 
of Gold, his Haydock con- 
qaacir, is likely to start at 
tramped : odds for the Peter' 
Ross Novices* . Chase, run half 
to boor later. The - Jimmy 
Htz^erald-teaincd seven-year- 
old is unbeaten in three oases 
-this season and looks a bright 
prospect. -. . 

Fnlke Walwyn saddled Yes 
-Master to score at toe Berkshire 
meeting yesterday, and I antici- 
pate the Saxon House stable 
foUowing up with Corbitt Coins 
in the FhiHp Comes Novices 
Hurdle qualifier. 

This stoutly bred mate, 
foimeriiy* trained by Donald 
Eddy,- ran a race fidl of promise 
for her new stable when going 
under by half a length to Nicky 
Henderson’s .tanirt Pikes Peak 
at! O rffenhj i'm^ after rnptring 
much of the riuming. Her rivals 
this afternoon inchide the 
prbinisiag stayers. Predomi- 
nate, Singlecote - and Tiddte 
Boo, a »x>d third behind 
Midnight Count at Sandown a 
weak ago, but Corbitt Coma, 
receiving all the allowances, is 
napped to prevaiL 

' Josh Gifford’s Simon Legree 
can make the most of his light 
weight in the Jock Scott 
Handicap Chase. This nine- 
year-old returned after leg 
trouble gamely to outstay 
.Oversway at Iingfield last 
month and then chased home 
Mr. Moon raker, at Wincanton. 
-With just lOst nib, he is 
preferred to two at the top of 
the ■ handicap, The Tsarevich 
and little Bay. 

The two divisions of the 
novices’ hurdle can go to.Bobm 
Goodfdkm (LO) and Honey- 
man (3.45). 

At Newcastle there is an 
interesting dash between those 
above-average novices. Rule of 
the Sea and Santopadre, in the 
Shoveller Novices’ Hurdle. In 
today’s likely testing conditions 
I favour the year older Sole of 
toe .Sea, 

Fitzgerald’s Joint * Sover- 
eignty, relegated to second place 
after bearing Roman Delight at 
Catterick last month, can 
recoup the losses in the second 
division of the. Mallard Novic- 
es’ Huftfle. 

-Ted Carter’s Grinders despite 
being rather a chancy jumper, 
should have too much pace for 
his three- rivals in the Bittern 
Handicap Chase. 


Comedy Fair to give 
English last 
laugh in Sweeps 

■ From Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 

Ibn-Majed soars over the last hurdle on his way to victory in Ascot’s opening race 

Brown Chamberlin’s career 

ends as leg problem recurs 

In the early years of toe Sweeps 
Hurdle when it was run as a 
conditions event EngHih jumpers 
exercised a virtual monopoly over 
this prize, the richest offered in 
Ireland for a hurdler. Since it was 
altered to a handicap however toe 
favaders have found it much more 
difficult to win, hut the losing 
sequence could well be broken by 
Comedy Fair this afterno o n. 

Trained by Peter Easierby. 
Comedy Fair proved himself to be a 
prolific winner last season collecting 
six handicaps. And he just failed to 
land toe County Hurdle at 
Cheltenham when be went down in 
a driving finish by only a neck to the 
heavily backed 5-2 favourite, Floyd- 

Even in defeat the form he 
showed at Cheltenham still puts 
him into this afternoon's race with a 
spariding chance as three lengths 
behind him fa third place came 
H er bert United, who was trying to 
give Comedy Fair 131b. 

Next time out in Ireland Herbert 
United carrying top weight of 12si 
woo the Huzzar Handicap Hurdle at 
Fairyhousc. At the line he had one 
and a half lengths to spare over 
Hansel Rag. who was in receipt of a 
stone. The runner-up had recorded 
bis biggest success when at level 
weights he beat Bonalma comfort- 
ably in last year's renewal of the 
Sweeps Hurdle. 

Tying up the various form links it 
is possible to make a sound case for 
Comedy Fair to give 41b here to 
Bonalma, who in the ante-post 
betting has been backed down feom 
7-1 to 5-1 favoured to go one better 
than a year ago. 

fa favour of Bonalma it has to be 
said that he looked an improved 

jumper when running away with the 
Blade and White Whisky Handicap 
Hurdle at Fairyhousc, finishing no 
. less than .10 icogfas dear of ^ the third 
hone. Stirabout, who takes him on 
again today. 

Yet another Blade and White 
sponsorship, a race at Lcopardv 
town, also sheds some light on the 
current Irish handicap form Mart 
Millar, who bad been sixth to First 
Bout fa last season’s Triumph 
Hurdle, won the race with some 

A big disappointment m the 
Triumph Hurdle had been Dochas, 
who challenged the winner for' 
favouritism. He went to Chelten- 
ham with an unbeaten record, but 
lay a long way out of his ground and 
could no nearer than eighth. 
This did not represent his real 
ability and Dochas off an attractive 
mark most be the main danger to 
Comedy Fair, having proved his 
current well being with a sweetly 
achieved victory at Limerick last 

Apart from Comedy Fair, English 
interests are represented by Ches- 
ter, Cat’s Eyes and Taelos, with 
Chrysler claiming probably the best 
form having scored in the Mecca 
Bookmakers Hurdle at Sandown in 

Royal Bond, who chased home 
Dawn Run at Punchestown in 
December, carries top weight fa 12st 
in the Lee and Co Handicap, but at 
13 years of age may find the 
concession of age and 341b to Jim 
Draper's good novice. Passage 
Cramer too stiff a task. 

Passage Creeper is improving 
with every race 


Fred. Winter’s ran. of bad luck 
continued at 'Ascot yesterday when 
Bro w n Chamberlin's raring career 
was broogbt to an abrupt rad •alter 
breaking - down behind ' Western 
Soaset in the Green Highlander 
Chase. After j ump ing boldly with 
the leaders for the first dreuft, the 
winner of the 1984 Hennessj 
Cognac Gold Cup started to lose his 
place and was polled np before the 
second fence from home. 

As . always the eight-times 
riuunpioo trainer took nufatma 
straight on toe chin. "He's now 11 
years old, so that must be the 
amah”, hr said philosophically. He 
was starting to hang to the left the 
second time roand, so I knew 
something was wrong. It’s the same 
leg that went two seasons ago. It’s 
bad lock but there’s always-onfy a 
50-50 chance when yon try to bring 
than baric”. 

As well as capturing the 
Henaessy. Brown Chamberlain 
nmnbered seven other victories at 
Newbury among Ur 14 accesses 
and he also gave a memorable 
display , of jm npin g whea runner-op 
to .Burreagh- H3B Lad in the 1984 
Cheltenham Gold Cup. In direct 
contrast to Winter, -Tim Forster is 
riding toe cres of the wave at present 
and after Lst Suspect’s spectacular 

By Michael Seely 

ictutu victory at Chepstow last 
Monday, the Berkshire trainer had 
further cause Cor celebration after 
Western Sunset bad produced an 
exhOaraling burst of finishing speed 
to overwhelm Acarine on tbe OaL 

Hywel Davies excelled himself cm 
the 9-4 favourite, biding his time at 
the rear of the field until halfway up 
the hill four fences from home. 
Western . Sunset beat Acarine by 
three lengths with Maori Venture 
finished third a further four lengths 
away followed by the front naming 
Green Bramble in fourth place. 

Last time oat Western Snuset had 
been beaten half a length at 
Liof^lM when attempting to 
concede 24Tb to Buckbe. “I’m 
thrilled for the horse to have won a 
decent race at last”, the trainer said, 
“I thought he might just mfss out as 
I doubt whether he's quite top class. 
However, yon never knew and I 
Hitnlr lib owner, Simon Sunshiny, 
might like me to enter him in the 
Gold Cop”. 

Whiter then had the further 
mortification of watching Sellar’s 
Dance beaten Ufe4eagtbs by Kessliu 
in the Teal and Green Handicap 
Handle. This represented top form 
as the first two 25 lengtos 

dear of French Captain, the third 
bone home. Not surprisingly 

GOING: yielding to soft Hocortung on sati at a. 

2,30 SWEEPS HANDICAP HURDLE (Grade I: £24,426: 2m) (23 runners) 

Recording on BBCt at 3.0 

KessKn’s odds for the Schweppes 
Gold Trophy were drastically 
reduced and Nick Vigaors’s six- 
yearobi ts now Z 2-1 favourite for 
Newbury's rich handicap with most 
firms of bookmakers. Kesslln is set 
to carry lOst 121b and escapes a 
penalty for yesterday’s success. 

The horse was beginning to get 
an unjustified reputation for getting 
beaten,” Vigors said, “but neither of 
his first two races were truly run. 
They’ll go a great gallop as Newbury 
and (be Schweppes should suit him 
down to the ground.” 

The greatest shock of the 
afternoon came when that normally 
brilliant jumper. Desert Orchid, 
favourite at 11-4 on to win his fifth 
consecutive race over fences in the 
Thornier and Lightning Chase, cezne 
to grief at the fifth fence. “He stood 
back mnch too far," Colin Brown, 
his jockey said. “He landed with 
both feet in the open ditch. Even 
then we might have been all right if 
Charcoal WaDy hadn't barged Into 


VS . 

The Hairy Mary Handicap 
Hurdle saw the Queen Mother gain 
her seventh victor y of the season 
when Kevin Mooney drove Yes 
Master to an eight-lengths win over 
Kevin Evans. 

0002 MILLER WLLUHarvaylD Huynhs 10-124) 

E O'Gradv B-11-5 

2 011031 CHHYSAQR 

3 001034 NORTHERN , 

A 112010 CATS EVES Mrs P PaastfMPtpe 0-1 1-i ___ 

5 121042 COMEDY FAIR (Mn M Nowell) M H EsstKOy 8-1 1-3 

8 024121 MARC UBJJ«tEKMms)£KBBi» 5-11-1 

7 013101 WILLIAM CRUMP (Mi J R MuUon) D HuatiM 5-11-0 (2 ox) 

I 013M4 BARTHES (J PiriMd) D Huphoa 7-10-la 

9 200001 BONALMA IQ TurUnotonjiA Moor* 6*10-13 — 

10 aoono boro quarter (W5c hb) p mu»w 7-io-i 2 

11 12n3 MOCK TUDOR (J Mahal) M Hnurigwi 7-10-1 2 
FLUTE PLAYER (D Murphy) V Kanoody 7-10-8 

13 IpODOO BRH2AWN ftel S Kirowttf P MuflJns 12-10-B 

14 402401 DOCHAS (3 Uttfl) M (hSKHCl 

Mr F Coed 
P Leech 
.AJ O'Brian 
T Morgan 


.A Muffins 
R 0*Donovan 

19 llOnfp FIELD 

as is kteunivnnHamBn^s 

ENQBEER (Mm C CemicM N CusIOy 
DANCER (V McDonald) D fiyde 6-1M I 

16 fl321f RARE DANCER (VlricOonekftD Clyde 6-10-4 MStoator 

17 000244 YAMCEE'S PIHNCCSS (Mrs A Diruop) A Moon 7-10-5 P Hynes 

18 100120 SLAKES SOVEREIGN (DMmtMvf A GamgMy 5-10-4 KMorgsn 

19 210102 CUISHEEN (Joseph Crowley) J Crawley MP4 — — H Rogers 

20 114200 TAELOS (A Scott) A Scott 5-104 C Hewtins 

21 031302 WLYNSAR (W ifcMensr) W Rock 5-104 BSharitten 

22 113021 OONAOHS JOLLY (LDuoaarAL Duggan 7-MWI J Shorn 

23 013031 STIRABOUT [MWSmrtfiD WakJ £lM — .T Gomtooi 

1885: Hamel Rag 5- 104) A Powell 14-1 (A Redmond) 

5 Bonakna. 6 Marc Mnw, 7 Dochas. 8 Comedy Fair. 10 VMtom Crump, 12 Cats Eyes. 14 
Hatynaar. Qu sheen, 16 Chrysaor, Bams. Northern Game. SttmOout 20 MHer HB, Mock Tudor. 
Rare Oencsr, 25 others. 

FORM IBLLLER HILL p 1-12) 1*41 2nd to Bachelor Party (114)) with NORTHERN SAME pi-12141 
back In 3rd (Neas, 2m htSe. 21 .380. heavy, Dec A. 4 ran). CHRYSAOR (104) beat Dhofar flO-O «* 

back In 3rd (Neas, 2m hda, 21 .380. haevy, Dec A. 4 ran). CHRYSAOR (10-61 beat Dhofar f10-6) L jl 
at Sandown tan h eap hdla. £11^38. good. Nw 30, 12 ran). CATS EYES (11-7) SOW 8th to Tom 
Sharp (10-6) a 1 Cheftanhant last saaaon fil-iO) beat MaSwgen (102) a at Lnrarwoi (2m Nov 
hdla. £9.372. good. March 29, 17 ran). COMEDY FAIR (126) short he«d 2nd Bint (101) at 
Wathoiby. eaAar (11-7) tt 4ih to Tanored WaK (101) with TAELOS (11-2) 61 fca* m 6Ut 
(WcKherhy. 2m h'cap hdto, £8.103, soft. Dec 7. 14 rani BONALMA (10-4) beat ABmpa (10^51 wfh 
STIRABOUT (S-tiO El hnhar beck It 3rd, BAR THE5 (11-0 ivy away 4th, DOCHAS (107) I'ol 
back In Gtti. CUAMEEN (10-5) 7th end HELYNBAR (101) 13th (Fetryhouas. 2m h'cao hdla. 
£6521, soft. Dec 7. 17 ran). RAAE DANCER (1010) lei behind Brittany Boy (103) with 
BREGA WN (1 1-0) (Mi n Leoperdstown; eerier (07) beet MARC MILLAR (102) II at Mui (2m 21 
h'cap hdla, C5530. soft. Mov 30, 14 ran). Subsequently MARC MILLAR (101Q boat KELYNSAR 
(104) «inm BAR 7RES (1 IS) BVJ away 4St, (fanO OUAfTTER <1 1-0 a farther naefc tack in SHi 
and SLAKES SOvaSKUt (i0-8)Bth (Laofmrdmcwn, 2m h'cap hcBa. £7580. good tt> aoh. Dee ZSf. 
10 ram. 


t he K 

Bad Gastrin. Austria (Reuter) - 
Katrm Gutcnsohu, of Aiutete, 
achieved the second Woiid Cup 
downhill -victory of her career 
yesterday when she beat the 
Canadians, Lorn Savjjarvi and 
Laurie Graham, in front of her 
home crowd. Aged 19, .from 
Kirch ber^. in the neighbouring 
province of TyroL the -winner 
covered tbe Z93Q- metre oourae, 
with a drop of 698 metres, in 2 mm 
03.05sec. • • 

Miss Savyarvi clocked 2.-0338, 
with Miss Graham, the winner of 
toe last downfall in Val tT Iscnv 
France, on December 13, tiurd in 
2^3.95. Miss Gritomn’s third plaice, 
after her second position fa the first 
downhill of toe season in Val dTserc 
on December 12, keeps her on top 
of toe World Cup downhill 

RESULT: 1, K GUamohn 
O&O&sacs; 2. L 


GiimdriE, the defending 
ip champion, leads tbe 
overall standings ' by 13 points 

Downhill title 
goes to Bell 

Mania Bril, 38^. 21. from 
Harrogate, won the British mens 
downhill race in Jetzens,- Austria, 
yesterday against an mieniational, 
fidd. ffis time of Jmiu l9.76sec was 
almost one second fester than Cfans 
Kent, of. Canada, who finished 


GOING: soft 

1Z4S MALLARD NOVICE HURDLE (Divl:£t 1 060:2ro4fHt3ronners) 

1 B010 BLYTHE KJBOHT(taMaaiJhan»BulCh»»)EC4rtar5-taO -^MFsprar 

2 040100 BUSKFUZZ(D)(WAStBphMttnn)WASlaphMison6-!24) JCrGormari/ 

5 0 BRIQAIIONAjAHareigan) A Scott 011-6 MrJWaiWn 

0 ’ FAROOH (U Cd W Mootohh) P Uonmftti 011-6 DNoten 

9 0300 HAYASWtA Lyons) C Booth 5-11-6 D Dutton 

10 4-00 KLTED ECOT (Mrs O OHowto) M H Eaatartw 011-6 ASrown 

11 0 OAKEN (Duka at Sutherland) Denys Smith 5-11-6 C Grant 

14 004033 WAUilfaeHARMURfrjiW/jTJMIrey 011-0 

15 200304 WATER CANNON (F LaelF Lee 5-1 1-6 .._._S HoUum 

17 000 CAROUSB. CBOBSE7T fc CSkw) E CsVw 011*1 Mr A Orkney 7 

19 00/4800 DOREQO IE TOaODLaa 7-11-1 AtrHBrawn 

20 HENHY PENNY (Mm P Shnmaoto) P Montsfth W 1-1 KTertan 

23 002 JBiEAR (QFamdonUtlJR WootBiousa 4-107 JAHam? 

l US: masting abandoned -frost 

3 Blythe KctighL 7-2 Water Canon, * Oekan, 5 rated Scot. 8 Hemy rtmUy- • -Wtear. 10 Bucic 
,Fuz^ 12 WellNde HanxMjr, 16 others. 

Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

12.45 Kilted Scot 1.15 Grinders I.4S Hardy Lad 2.15 Rule of the _ 

Miss Rubbish 3.15 Joint Sovereignly 



McEnroe finds partner 

Kerin Mooney: victory for 

the Queen Mother 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS; M H Earner^ JB wmnlrf* from fifl 

runners, a.0%; S UeBor 7 bom 25, 280% F 

Bril, who last.mafah won two' 
fateraatimutl downfall -races fa Val; 
Ga nir n a, sfad: "The eautso wpa 
iwhirimrly - difficult ■tathltT- th i ll 

physically deroandiDS, Iftft toe race 
was Dseffa ftw me wlto the downhill 
Worid Cop in Kitzbohd coming op 
next weekend.” 

In the w omen’ s .event, Austrian 
mis took toe firaftfaes piM^ ate 
nret home bans; Gabi We3et ... 

Efasseldorf (Rcmer) - John 
McEnroe and Eliot Teftscher, 
representing toe United States, 
complete the list of players 
competing in toe Worid Team Cop 
here next May. McEnroe joins 
Teftscher because Jimzny . Connors 
had decided to restrict fas appear* 
ances in Europe this year to Queen’s 
Cab, and . Wimbledon. The united 
Stales won this event last year. 

The ■ other -teams Who have 
qualified are West Germany, 
Sweden, Argentina, Czechoslavalria, 
France and Switzerland. Australia 

are Hkdyto be awarded tbe wild card. 

will defend- their men’s teana title at 
toe Asian championships fa Kuala 

Open title at toe same tune. 
and Dominique Lemoyne, fa their 
Rothmans Porsche 959, were just 
aver an hour ahead of Jadcy Ickx 
and Claude Jftassenr, also - fa a 
Porsche, at Thursday's halt at 
Dirkou, Niger, in toe Paris - Dakar 

ROWING: mark Lees, toe national 
lightweight co-ordinator and selec- 
tor, uys that Britain's rowers need 
sponsorship if they are to have any 
chance of success fa t he w orid 
championships -at Nottingham this 

ijjOXlNG: An amateur team from 
the United States will meet toe 
Soviet Union in a series of matches 

wiiwyn 16 Iran 70. 22M 
JOCKEYS: Mr T Thomson Jonas 4 tfnnan 
bore 12 lUn. 813%; S ShMwowi 5 «m (rwn 
18 ridas. Zra%; K Moomy A tram 19 
rates, 21 J>%. 


TRAWStS: U H EraWtaM •Wg*S®«l 09 1 
nnwn. 22 . 0 %; * Soott 13 Item 89 , 2 ZXIK: J 

RmnrakJ 7 bum 48,15*%. 

«a®f6 A Brown 18 itnun iramTOrttas, 
85.7%: T Q Dun 15 Iran 83, 18.1%; D Oman 
11 kom 67 , 154 %. 



t «Mwm Tahanp r Khan, T mrng rad on January 

• Chris Rutter, toe 1 985 T om 
Canton Homebrew apprentice 
champion, makes itis defatt in 
Nairobi tomorrow on toe first 
race day of his month’s prize 
holiday fa Kenya. ITie nutin 
race of toe afternoon is toe first 
of toe five 1986 classics, toe 
1,000 Guineas, for which 11 
runners are declared- 



Law Report January 1 1, 1986 

Wife in occupation an interested party 

Hannan v Glencross 

Before Lord Justice Fox. Lord 
Justice Mustffl and Lord Justice 

[Judgment delivered December 20] 

A wife in occupation of the 
matrimonial borne was an inter- 
ested party within the meaning of 
the Charging Orders Act 1979 and 
in considering all the circumstances 
under section 1(5) of the .Act the 
court was entitled to lake into 
account the interests of the wife and 
any minor children. 

The Court of Appeal so stated 
when dismissing an appeal by Mr 
Martin Alexander Harman from a 

(-'W Bi j 1 ) Li iT 

! Times February 20. 1984; ]19S5] 
Fam 49) when be affirmed a 
; decision of Mr Registrar Angel who 
; had varied a charging order absolute 
by adding that the order should be 
l subject to any order made by. the 
court in the wife's application for 
’ ancillary relief and had the next day 
| ordered that the husband's interest 
1 in the matrimonial home be 
transferred to the wife. Mrs 
■ Maureen Glencross. 

Mr Walter Aylen. QC and Mr 

• David Martin eau for Mr Harman: 

, Mr Nicholas Medawar. QC and Mr 

J. F. R. Harwood-Stevenson for Mrs 

said that Mr and Mrs Glencross had 
married in May 1970 and shortly 
\ before the marriage the matrimonial 
home had been purchased with the 
help of a building society mortgage 
and conveyed into joint names. 

Two further legal charges had 
been created over the property, one 

• in favour of Chartered Trust as 
security for a loan to the husband to 
provide business capital, and the 
other in favour Lloyds Bank to 

1 secure the overdraft of a firm in 
which Mr Glencross was a partner 
with Mr Harman. 

I In August 1980 Mr Glencross had 
left the matrimonial home leaving 
Mrs Glencross and two children in 
occupation. In January 1981 the 
; wife filed her divorce petition and 
; included the usual prayers for 
ancillary relief including a property 
adjustment order. 

On May 18, 1981 the wife served 
; on the husband notice severing the 
beneficial joint tenancy of the 
matrimonial home. The decree nisi 
was made absolute in May 1981 and 
the husband had ceased to pay the 
outgoings on the house from 
September 1981. 

On May 22. Mr Hannan issued a 
specially endorsed writ in the 
Queen's Bench Division claiming 
against the husband for £9,250. Mr 
Glencross did not defend and 
judgment was entered against him. 

A charging order nisi on the 
husband's interest in the 
matrimonial home was made on 
August 17 and made absolute on 
September 7. 1981. 

The wife had not had notice of 
the creditor's application and in 
December 1981 sought to vary the 
charging order. On the wife's 
undertaking to transfer her ancillary" 
relief application to the High Court 
the Queen's Bench action was 
transferred to the Family Division. 



Mr Registrar Angel transferred 
the husband’s interest is the house 
to the wife after making an order 
postponing the creditor’s interest 
subject to any order made in tbe 
wile's proceeds for ancillary relief. 
The judgment creditor appealed to 
Mr Justice Ewbank who dismissed 
the appeal 

The first question which arose 
was whether the wife had any locus 
standi to apply for the discharge or 
variation of the charging order 

In his Lordship's opinion in the 
present case the wife should have 
been given notice of the charging 
order nisi under Order 50, rule 

■ I 

„oun as the house was held on a 
statutory trust for sale and the 
charging order related to the 
husband's interest under the trust 
and the wife was the only trustee. 

She was also an “interested 
person” under rule 2(2 L The wife 
was one of the legal owners and had 
a right of occupation. 

The purpose of the judgment 
creditor seeking a charging order 
was to enable him to realise tbe 
husband's share to satisfy the debt 
and would require a sale of the 
house. The creditor would be able to 
apply under section 30 of the Law or 
Property Act 1925. 

If the application succeeded the 
wife would lose her right to occupy. 
That by itself was sufficient to make 
the wife “interested" in the 
husband's share in the context of 
section 3(5) of the Charging Orders’ 
Act 1979. 

It was submitted by Mr Aylen 
that tbe matter was determined by 
the decision in First National 
Securities Ltd v Hegertv ([1985] I 
QB 850.) Tbe facts in Hegerty were 
similar to tbe present case. There 
was a matrimonial borne owned 
jointly by tbe wife and husband. A 
judgment creditor obtained a 
charging order nisi which, on tbe 
wife being joined as a defendant, 
was discharged by the master. 

On appeal by the creditor Mr 
Justice Bingham had made the 
charging order absolute. The wife 
had appealed and had her appeal 
dismissed by the Court of Appeal It 
had been held that there were not 
sufficient grounds for interfering 
with the decision of Mr Justice 
Bingham in the exercise of his 
discretion as be had considered all 
the relevant circumstances. 

In his judgment Lord Justice 
Stephenson said (at pS68) that the 
court should not use its powers 
under Part 11 of the Matrimonial 
Causes Act 1973 to override tbe 
claims of a creditor seeking security 
for a debt by a charging order; it 
should not dischaige or vary a 
charging order so as to prefer a 
wife's claim to such creditors: and 
that it could and should postpone 
the enforcement of a charging order 
until the hearing of anv application 
under section 30 of the Law of 
Property Act 1925 when the court 
could decide between the competing 
dai ms of the wife and the creditor. 

Mr Aylen had submitted that the 
passage from Lord Justice Stephen- 
son represented a separate ground 
for his decision which was 

supported by Lord Justice O'Con- 
nor and that it was binding on the 

That was wrong. In Hegerty the 
court was not concerned with the 
exercise of powers under the 1973 
Act but with the exercise of 
discretion under tbe Charging 
Orders Act 1979. Tbe words of Lord 
Justice Stephenson Hating with the 
use of powers under die 1973 Act 
were obiter. Any dicta of Lord 
Justice Stephenson were entitled to 
be considered with the greatest 
respect but the court was not bound 
by the decision in Hegerty. 

The nub of die appeal was 
whether the order of Mr Registrar 

niuimcu uj mr jus Lice 

Ewbank, that tbe judgment credi- 
tor’s charging order was postponed 
to any order made in favour of the 
wife, was a proper exercise of the 
court's discretion. 

In considering “all the circum- 
stances" under section 1(5) of the 
1979 Act was the court entitled to 
lake into account the interests of the 
wife and what weight should it give 
to those interests as compared with 
those of the judgment creditor? 

Not all judgment creditors were 
faceless corporations. In the present 
case the creditor was an individual 
but had put in no evidence as to his 
means There was no reason why a 
judgment creditor should not put in 
evidence of the hardship he would i 
suffer if denied a charging order. 

Parliament had looked with 
particular favour upon a woman's 
right to occupy the matrimonial 
home and had given that right the 
status of an equitable interest: see 
section 2(1) o! die Matrimonial 
Homes Act 1983. 

Parliament had shown a con- 
tinued concern for the welfare of the 
minor children of the family since 
the Matrimonial and Famil y 
Proceedings Act 1984 had substi- 
tuted a new section 25 of the 
Matrimonial Causes Act 1 973. That 
provided that in considering 
financial provision orders, property 
adjustment orders and sale of 
property orders the court should 
have regard to all the circumstances, 
first consideration being given to 
the welfare of children. 

The court was properly concerned 
to protect the wife's right to occupy 
the home. How could that right be 

if the wife's position was 
considered by the Family Division 
pursuant to her application for relief 
under the 1973 Act, there were 
several ways to protect her right to 
occupy. For example there could be 
an outright transfer or the well 
known Afesher order (The Times 
February 13, 1973; [1980] 1 All ER 

Mr Justice Ewbank had accepted 
a number of points in favour of the 
wife and on analysis his Lordship 
was satisfied that there were no 
grounds for interfering with the 
exercise of his discretion. 

Lord Justice Fox delivered a 
concurring judgment and Lord 
Justice Muslill agreed. 

Solicitors: Cedi Altman St Co. 
Upper Holloway; E. W. Parkes St 
Wiltshire, Barnet 

From the facing page 


BBC1 WatoK 5.15-530 pm Sports 
^ news Wales. Scotland: 8.30- 
9.00 am Mag Is Mog. 5.15-5J20 pm 
Scottish news and sport Northern 
Ireland: 4.55-6.05 pm Northern Ireland 
results (opt-out from Grandstand). 5.15- 
SJ20 News. 12J30-1JL35 am News. 
England: 5.15-550 pm London - Sport 
South-West (Plymouth) - Spotlight news 
and sport AH other Engfish regions: 
regional news and sport 


American Hero. 2.1 5pm- 2^5 Small 
Wonder. 12.15am Closedown. 


Greatest American Hero. 2.1 5pm-2A5 
Mind Your Language. 12.15am Rim: 
Walk a Crooked Path (Faith Brook). 1.40 




Living and Growing tar Adults. 10-00 
Fireball XL5.* 10.30-11 M Personal 
View: Terry Wake. 1.00pm Farming 
Outlook. 1 .30-2.00 Horses tar Courses. 
11.301 Am the Blues. IZSOam 
Reflections. Closedown. 

ANGLIA As London except: 

w 9J0ara-1(L00 Sea in Theft- 
Blood. 1-OOpro Beverly HfflbUlres* 1.25 
weather. 1.30-2.00 Farming Diary. 11 JO 
Making of a Model 1230am Anthology, 


Heritage from Stone. 10-0 Sunday 


Rugby. 11.15-12.1 Sam Snooker. 


• Four. 11230-124)0 Wanted Dead or Afive. 
2.15 pro-245 Supercar. 1215 am 

Supercar. 1215 amPoefa Comer, 

'GRAMPIAN ^Londonex^pt 

11.05 am-12.00 

Greatest American Hero. 215 pm-245 
, Small Wonder. 1215 am Reflections, 
i Closedown. 

' ANGLIA A 5 London except: 

■ 11-OOara Tomahawks. 

; 11410-1200 Flying Kiwi. 215pm-245 
! Small Wonder. 1215am At the End of 
the Day, Closedown. 


Cavalcade. 11-45-124M BFA Short 
215pm-245 Small Wonder. 8430 -9.30 T 
J Hooker. 1215am Late CaB, 


Greatest American Here. 215pm-2j45 
Small Wonder. &30-230 T J Hooker. 
1215am Closedown. 

TVC As London except 11.00am 
1 ¥a Fantastic Four. 11.30-1200 
Wanted - Dead or Alive. 215pm-246 
Su pa rear! 1215am Company, 


Baron. 215pro-245 Small WonderH 
8.30-230 T J Hooker. 1215 am Festival 
FOBc Ralph McTefl. 12A5*mM 



To advertise in 

The Times or The Sunday Times 

please telephone 01-837 3311 or 3333 

Abernrtmdy you may write to: 

Times Newspapers Ltd. 

Classified Dept, Freepost 
London WC1 8BR 

Use your Access or Visa card when placing your advertwng 


Trade 01*837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01 - 837 3555 or 33 U 




tiaffymfr moating OF toe Gaum 
Domes o> the Unhanfty of St An- 
Ottos to te hold In Lamr Cohan 
Haft. St Andrews on Stfutiay X&i 
January 1868 atll-OS run. 

Agenda popart , art amiable m Tv- 
quest bom the Ctofk and RagSsbv, 
CoBsge Gate. St Andrews.. The 
agenda tndudu dettta of-tos rant- 
radon procedure for efacdbn or an 
assesses as mi UrtrersBy -court to 
sane- tor taw yean Dm .My isn. 
The ctesSng dWe tor noaSna tfa na It 
22nd Apri 1986. 

The meeting wVtfect one areessonp 
tno Court to aarve until June 1988. 
Nomtoatons. signed by a. proposer 
and Meander ray be sobrntoed to 
toe CtorK before too malting ormey 
be made onfly at me meeting. 

Cleric end Boatstrar 


WlMBLEnONIMt fiber* c nr bee tu 
30Ui March 3&v tuba. JOUpw. |k 
for i pm CSS nr 2. SMMS-taat 

PROF MSP central L on don, o/r + ea 
suite shower room, modem Mock, 
otooka TTamtv £100 pw IncOl 622 

BATTERSEA. Homo Prof F. 20* N/S 
O/R. Share all antedates. Garten ar. 
bridge and Tube. £130 pm tncL TV. 

SW11. vicaraoe Orescent e/mn. 
prof M/P to Cure lux town Ime. 
£35pw. 960-357*. 

W KEATS, m O/R In aide! mad man 
nr tube. £6S bIC CH *r <3fW. No Stin. 
493 3ZZ2W. 7*1 2788b. 

RICHMOND. Pruf M/F N/Si mere flu. 
o/r aa amtames. 2 mine BR/LT. £so 
pvtte 8750350. 

HAMPTON FLAT. Ear going f. 20s. 
»A o/r.^L £1 is pan and. Ibrtta. 

house. SOT 1. CH Prof t 3&+. N/S. 
L'lPnw fnr 228fi89S. 

BATTER SEA. iige b ed, sha re Meedjy 
oat. mtdwaa. fioopw 2 ZS fires 
after 7pm ■«ML 


: SUPER ■ 

mtgporaiy'^SS e. .Ma &AiSSSe& 

bta AgtBcy 01-754 0532. 





^ 1 1 *** 


Sussex. congnituia Ilona on IMS Lovely 
day. LooVinn forward to the golden 
one. Love dirts. Annie and 

ST. JUDE: -In gratitude for many 
favours received, great and small. 

FUBUC SFEAKDK Coaching and 
speech writing by awa r d waning 
public sneaker. OI-45I 2292. 

BONHAMS Modern Art Cornea. Sea 
Educational Courses column. 



Massive stocks of wool blended 
berbers from £3.95 sq yd + VAT 
plus many bargains in room sizes 
in all qualities. 


Tab 01-731 2588 

I low ><ni 

aitSour; • 

school tecs . 

costs V. 


Said to: The Equrobk Life, 

I'd welcome detnk of the 
Equitable School Fee Trust Plans 
and their savings an the cost of 

I « • ' 1 


The Equitable Life 

' — The i Wev* rnuniil Tile office in the »«xU . — ' 


to a. Jamcrt Tea* Ud 

John Lyon Hcuee. Upcer Thames SL 

London. EC4V SPA. 


IBTJ h'mnl i ii iHTIllIf «*— Mi—he 
Colhcttoraor mnale m o rni i m ebouBK 
tor casta. Adebud Terr ace. Canaan 
WC2N6BJ01 -9306tm. 

WANTED ■ fadald Victorian and 
Edwardian furnit u re desks 

dldig tables and hoofccasoB. Ot -<541 
1545 anytime CT). 

3 « « 0008 WARDROBES. 

Bookcases, tables, chairs, desks & 
. good quality pre r94Q forcltiire. 380 
0148 or 225271 6 4MWtina(T>. 
CHATEAU fYOPEM wanladuRqny 
Quantity, years, price.. Bent 2821 L. 


LEARN TO COOK on onranUHcaK 
course. 11 weeks starting. January 
15. Brochure: Emr t Place School of 
Cnakrry. l. Cwen Place. Oxford 
0X2 7XD. TeL 814719. 

inroncaUan.'tEW>hone John HeB. Ol- 
584 7335. 

BONHAMS 10 Wk IMD tone - Lectures 
on aoth c Vlmai Arts. Starts 13th 
Jen. Apply mncttial 084 0607. 

quantity, yean, prior.. Bore 2821 



all ages. Only £4.95 per pair pha£ 1.00 p&p 
per t atter. Dtspatrhed within 7 (fays. 

thkk, calf fapgth slipper socks, hand 
ImT knitadnAfi^nnlsan from 60% wool and 
40% acrylic with sewn on supple leather solos to 
keep feet warm Bid comfy indoors and out 
Send diegue with order KKmcBmfl 

■ ' • ■A 

Nonet Tnficn {Ethnic kiqm] lid. Code Goghs DG7 IOL 


I . ' 

SALE of aadTOve 
Stunning codTOE 
fa r tfk s a nd ve lyel 

SW3.351 9158. 



Kii. i 

/ . - i 



Waldorf Hotel, Aldwydh, London 
14th February 1988. 7.1£pm£br8jpm = T6tkets£25 
Woodbury, Hedow Bowl Bqjdon. Essex CMlfl SHF 
Tet (0X7918)3233 


• wJIK HM Top Ferro, Hafl Lene. Frattonham, Nr Norwich, 

NorfofcTafc Horwteh 737432 
Than are many horses suffering and dying every 
mfrJmttr 'N day, due in the greed and ignoranca of man. We 
e>dBt To help those In distress and provide them with 
F3r> Al^N. a toving permanent borne and we now have over. 

100 horses, ponies and dorddes to our care. We 
VjTWSu? need your help to continue (ou- taecOng bffls alone 
^ cost £700 evsry weak). Please send your donations 

or request for our newsletter (which includes detaHs of membership 
and gifts) to the above address. 

"Adopt" one of our rescued horses end receive photographs aid 

reports (minimum £5 yoarty). Visitors welcome Sundays. 



T-.~>< )"n < )1I \I( )S'i .'-CARPETS!- 

dome and choose a beautiful bargain 
from bur vast coUectioh of Persian 
and Oriental, old and new carpets. 



■fni htij g: wm kh: 

kvi s ns. 

and rather of John awl Pay tf-. fu- 
□orel aervtce at HonbwBm 

Cttunta. on Timnday. ieoi Jumary. 

at 1 JKL foOownl by o W Ba tf™ «t 

FMd .the ducks from the lounge A 
high tide! Superb large & airy 3 bed- 
room fiat wertooidno river to Cheyne 
Waft, Chelsea. Tastefully decorated & 
carpeted.. Unfurnished or partly fur- 

Tel Leodon 223 5211 


To Miami when you enjoy a labulous 12 ot ftf ' ■ 
day Royal Caribbean flyfcndse holiday Ip 196& 
Yes. Royal Caribbean fly you absolutely free, - • 
first from your local airport to Heathxove it. 
necessary, and then on a British -Airwaysflight 
to Miami to board ship, We cruise regularly all 
through the year to the most delicious islands 

under the sun. . ' 

If you go on a shorter 9 or 10 day nyfcruise the 
charge is only £59 far your return flight 
(included in the brochure price). 

Prices start from oiily £840, fully Indus v^br 

aPdayftyfcniiscv ;/ . _ 

In the warm waters of the Caribbean we arc 
numberpne.ForserTice.ftir intih e i arles.For , 
ships. Recently our M/S Song of America was 
TOted*shipof the year 1 by members of the 
World Ocean and Craise liner Society 
See youor local travel agent for details or 
telephone (01) 2000200 now for our new ■ 
brodmre. . 


Bishops FSlace House, 2a RiwrsitJeVfell^ICingstoa^pon-Thaines, KTI 1QN. ; 


Thailand is truly aland of exotic 
contrasts— beaches and modern 
city life set against hs unique 
history and tradition. And our. experience 


Take the children 
FREE to Europe 

RuhoIb mjom IHSInchR. 

or call 

0306 885000 

(24 Hours) 



anne nniACe UCI H 



Agents for historic houses association offer a further 
opportunity to visit this “ones In a Bfetime" exhibition. 
Tour departs 27 February 1986 4 nights in Washington 
from £305. 

For information contact- 

15 Colston Street, Bristol BS1 SAP 

Tel (0272) 277492 

ABTA 17139 

Atoll 080 

CasielKo di Gargonza 

between Sen and Arezzo. Pertefliy 
restart 53ft corny fortified tea to? 
vfltage in tranqrf, twutiM comtry- 
sidt Saif atareig touses/apartmeras 
for 2-8 persons, fully equipped from 
£t 76 per house per week. 

For brochure and baoteq contact 

11 Bmari Road. 


(11-994 5982 la oSea tarot pfetse) 
erCaal [MmttB. GntatedM. 
91S-3B-S7S S47B21 

9 DAY S FROM £5*8 

ensures that you get only the highest 
quality holidays. For details of the 
wide range of one- and two-centre 




1 Holidays, 


!\!-RVMh. HiU.LWU 

Contes, Giles. Whs, 
Bungaknvs even Chateaux. 
Seaside nidi couttryside. 
-Hostamaa brochure is your 
pride to the best personaHy- 
rpjpccud holiday _ homes. 
Seeping 2-12. All i» 
fonaateed staxxfards. ABTA 
bonded. Prices from £45 per 
- person pew. sue. for y. 

1?ii rriolin in slioi ijanwii stmUih iw nsiniii mi inn mil i min limili b& n 
Cafe. Kbodcs, Km, Pant. Fares and other Greek Wanifv Also The Atom. 

Tenerife and Mmm 

Oama i r c d Low Dtaa Sell Prices. Phoce NOW for jewr fire copy of our Sommer 
*86 States only dbcc* few 
■ft ■ T*t 

S Dial-a-hrochurc 

0502 87373 

rmrr^r ^ 

i V r W . d e 1 . 




SnuB poops — 14-2 people in 
Ssfid YBbt Forties ihreodioui 
itirllrrimsn boats— Bodnim 
‘KfcMscss'ar s 2 tFbenb'«ear- 
craiser inlbrkeyXireece; saaaU 
bstds with chancier In Turkey. 
SomQ oatbty 2 weeks froa £139 

Jutes brace, East Gitasesd, 
Sussex BH19 UQ. 

*L OHZ-22222 (24tos) 
or 27272 (os) 

Corfu &Paxos 

We spedalaein rills holidays oa 
Corfu andfares, and have 
orlected a qoafiiy range of beach 
villa*, redudetf cottages in afire 
paves and hkkamysformp ■ 
near to some ofihe finest 
beaches an tbe itUbds- the 

Please phnae as today Bp in 
5 pm for recce detailed 
Wannatian or m any tane for 

Our seieo ctetca of nfHnaifm 
boWavs abroad and weekend 
breaks currently attract mom 

• taefies than men 
Help us to even me Balance 

• Brochure bon 

/> the £\{v*t‘tuc 

(0272) 277425 



r - ai Watfortas* 
-.. London NW4 3JH 
01-202 OKS (M hra) 

Mafic ■( Italy 

47 &«pfcrr7i Sea* Brest, 
Uadaa. *12 BPS 
■1-74* 7441 (24 bears) . 
«r tt-743 MW 


. January Specials 
Hostel £189 

2 Star hotel £199 

3 Star hotel £219 

4 Star hotel £239 


BMM 071/014027801 

Trench . 
Uilla tenue 

COUP AXE OOB reKBBtft wto n 
nrety mtS Fwnre. W> » m 
m hredin and sm tor yaasdS 

(Orel T.TJ. 175, 5»al«. MM, ‘ 
Swdi CroyUnn. Sony CR2 ML 



@ Medallion Holidays 

• • We «So*'ra« cbcw’MaJtc:- 
ft.*. ; < - r.-s Ec.Lo^innSV-'6 ,>DU ■ 

Gino & Elena 
Ted & Alice 

...but not Tom 
Dickft Harry 

Gino presides over a small 
hotel in an I Ith century 
palazzo in RaveBo. famous 
for its good food. Elena 
owns a viHa in Sardinia, 
overlooking some of the 
loveliest beaches in the 
Mediterranean. She rents it 
to Magic of Italy — for Ted 
and Alice, who love Italian 
food and wine; prefer hotels 
where die manager knows 
ther name: and beBeve we 
have the best selection of 
unusual vilas in die Med. join 
die magic circle this year. 

FREE brochure from: 

Phone’n’fly '* 

ATOL 700 
Accc-s^ Visa 

Greek Islands Gub 


lA h**dUhrwta« 

Tjdfc pfaoMM32t2M77lMt») 

71*. pfanotMttt 

flk hinkit 

O 09322 

n phaM 0932 22MISCH tad 

66 Struct, Wahon-on-Hwiics. 



me pools, maid saretoa etc. 
lbs wy ftwst pdreta vttn ki 


Sfos 2-72, weekly rentals 

fUgbt» mL all major airport* 

tearentMd pdew 
Can now for brochure 


Open Sunday* 


Dept T, 47 Shepherds Bush I 
Green. London W12 BPS 
Tel 01-749 7449 (24 hr [ 

brochure sendee) 


Winner BBC Radio 4 
1985 Enterprise Award 
Defightful auberges and wpeih 
food in lovely rurd France 

or write to: Susi Madron, 
244 Deansgate, (30) 
Manchester M34BQ. 


• 18 diffSTBnt Maids wifli 
Dfmct FMits to Mtans. Kds, 
IftfeOHftMdM. Stetfwi* 
Lcsvos • Personal sardet 
-O-My bonded wtth tin CAA 
• £s t aM ried23yoai • 
Totapbon tar 54 page brochure 


23 Hay ma ri ca t. 
London SW1Y4DG 
Tat 01-839 6055 <24 hnj 


T Hi: I'esi v>Sis>>rc m t nr - 

-1: rr.ctr owr. froiv. ~ V 

r'.>^; hjvc.uiiiViinc iic-nr- 
arc .heap AvajJsriesr. •- 
. .. Aiprx . . Sr.uih o: FmrVc. .' • 
M.i.'b.iia l.'SA ladies 

Td (j-'» 4?: ; ? — i- hrs. ' 



Self-catfiring holidays in BRIT- 
‘Dordogne Hotel breaks' 

■ and . • 


01-229 2474 

■’lATA -• A5TAT ATGL 622 ' 

Ski the res! France 

Three wy ipectal neon 
te d— IfeVraedhoBdiyt 

nrwfWBb.Jtang lio H D03II). 
Otetek p«aure«vr '-*****0 
vuuge. '.xgrt m *1 Sow 


La **«— -— nutyrjvd toux ane 
newMortBUnc ikno800Dftai4 


SUflctf chalctt 10 Jaft 
Ecu on ve l wk cios np 
incfltatiL > wk i«» 
Inc niBhO i wk Cl 69 dp 
C ordon Bleu rood A freo wine 

bzas-siiiisradjwfi _ 



tnatanl boofctnss with Aooen * 
Bardarcard tar p hone, emuct par- 
Ues in VcrMer. St Anton. MarlBeL 
Courcnevel and Val d*ton-a. 

SNPRtoadi Air 
It Jon U9 £129 

18 Jan C99 _ £1*9 

Alae s/c borpalns rrom £s9l 
0373 864811 


Offer colored Ctialeu In Merlbei 8 
Courchevel (ram 11 ICO ti/T> l wk. 
£160 3 wfca ind Band, areal food, 
unltd wine A extensive gukUng. 

RD4C01 -733 2333 (OFFICE) 
01-737 2861 (24HRS). 


Good value hoUdays In large 
cwnforuole chalet near lilts m 
CourchrveL Half board «r b&b. 
with/wuhaut travel. Irianiuy eer- 
vtca Hid free tmnon and guMUg. 
Try ui out. 


Phone 0484 648996 


Save up to£LBO 
Chalet Pantaa: £139 
Sotfcaterlna: £99 

TcL 01-785 2200 

_Manch. Dtps (0422) 78121 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 

ANDORRA lilt U <U vOape. Oood 
enow, excel facUUIn. Friendly 
atmosphere. Odd wks. at low prices 
i /2 b edrooms. 01-429 1371.. 
Austria Jan baroalna. tram £49. 
Omevi nnT£59 r/re 01-602 4826. 
SKI FLIGHTS dally toCmva. aretes. 
Munich etc. (ram £69. SKI WEST. 


STrade m- 8370648 and 01-8373741 Private 01-8373333 or 3311 


AAAnArfrRAC country location by spectacular beach. 
Relaxed and friendly atmosphere ideal for families. Fadfr- 
ties indude: Indoor pod, squash, sauna, solarium, eta 

Teh (0271) 890555 


Situated 7 mfies north of Oban on the beautiful west coast of Scot- 
land with private access to a fine sandy beach. We can offer peace 
and quiet, picturesque scenery, forest walks or lor the more active 
(Afina, 88*10, windsurfing, diving end horse riding. All witfm easy 
raadr We have new mooie homes available for 1988. Our tufl 
range is described in (Hr colour brochure. To obtain one please 
telephone I ylglj (083172) 255. 

Tourers and tents wetaome. Shop, laundry and telephone on tits. 

c Loch 






On M ode. ttndfy red rente htand 
wtan tt e tikigjig my iadtta ire 1« wn. 
m tore iManm for rayon roretteo 
ym ae KW, snreMv to nretetf. Te 
nan yore eta**, pto yea bote* tar. 

(0484) 31554 (24 hr) 

Non-Stop 3 Weekly 


AFRICA <EssL Wat. South) 




Trial yanre dflOP dmer ved 
Uuk m ImuirkmMkn.- inifiiie* 
vim repeb csipiie. mendve 
strvke. Mild Wmiemd earty 

wriie or (eSepbone now 
for colour brake* 

...yoo deserve it. - 

< ii\k\( UK 

SAY ir Al l . 

kopwndhnBr fa y 
far die bar (take red 

(WWvuiirotRws BBcacn 


a ji a ! a? 


La Collinette 

aMdSdf-CeUrlag Cottages 


OfCT 3 A» sdf-caicrina prepenies 
in all areas Erom luxury bouses 10 
croft cottages, 
ormr a phene fev fit* 140 p^c 

LostwithieL Cornwall 

Weekend breaks in tbe char m of oar 
I Stb- ccimi T? am. £12D0 per tuglit, 
bib £ evening meaL Sommer 
booking (airing now. 

Pfaooe; 0208 872552 

Raasay, by Kyle, IV4Q 8PB 
AA ★* 

Offering modem comfort & 
good food. Unspoilt Island, 
ideal tor Nil walking, loch 
fishing, eta. Unforgettable 
scenery. Daily car ferry from 

Write for brochure of phora 


Lake District 

The wnnptaco or wmiara 

WorOswcrth. AS yrar very apcdal 
wee ka ml ta—te. Stay 2 or 3 Ptadta. 
Pay for your room, an (bod fru. 

5% off al bookings inada 
before 28th Feb. 1988. 
Write to Anna MacAnhut 
Estate Office. Ormsary, 

PO Bra 7. LochgfehMd or 
phono Ormsary 1088-03} 
245 anytime. 


■ «tapr» « (aiaaita criy. Coma w 
**t nfl «n— - al you mist and* 

Fma VORKBREAKS Wda> htn 
Deportjnwtt aTTnumm an. 

Da Grey Roam. Itak. 
IHaphorar 1804)21168. 



Jmrey Star -WwaySfift 

£44 pa 2 perms per , 
rms MD fun pnvrae tacs. Col TV oL et 
CH. CanMyduRd 
Emdtan Resuurm «i tBift Cemury ester 
Plione tor Undue red Festival detth. 
SMrePAK) HOTH. (AA ++ Mfi] 

BB&EN. Al 
TV set etc. 

Maps brochuraa an. llw HMg. kde of 
Colonsw. ArgyH PAfil TYP. Ter 

daya for chOdm. 6-14 yuan. Phone 
OS6S 64778 (24 bra for rrae colour 

JERSEY CJ. 2 bdrm Hal cal T.V. * 
hire ear non smofcen only EBOOprn 
unta May 24 Td budnwa lm 0634 


•V.-tr iJ: 

axceOonf food. Ptctunaaue oduno. 
mdnn. HpbIM" 3371. 

ST IVES. 2 ddfohMta. te«=k»ua.fg5: 

pancma. o7»i 

pOAtSOXftSHlRL tfMtioaal P*t£. 

QS05I H I sitPOl fil o*-noi Ml **»•*! nwoi ninmm uidmui 



Transplant after 
heart pump 
keeps man alive 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent . 

'. --vv: «\.v. •' ' ■' -V'--. '•■' -.v-r. r /.- ' 

• •/r-^s'vvS ••.•>■.'-•;• v» '••*:•■■ * 

•' • .-J ’ "-W;. *4V"'«-£jr’" • "*, ^ • .'. .:. /. “•■ * ’ * ' . . - 

• . - V , • ^ ^ ' < ... r , y ■ 4 ^ 

. ir*v./ “• *.* • ~ — •. .'.■*•• •. . . 


~ - ■ 

v.y~ .. -• * n*»* 

• ■ • ' ■ ■ V'li ■ • . - • - ■» 

•v'cfcy • -•■ 

■ ■ • '-a- r -.--. 

c- • ' £$’*•*&{■*'■'■■'** ’ •**&»: ' a ■ -- *•,*■■*' '?. *. •'■•>/- *', .. ..- * 

*X ; ; .. , 

--v*' ■ ■ : ■■'.'■•a:: - . 

... Xt** 

- A man, aged 53, has received 
■ a heart transplant at the private 
, Harley Street Clinic, in London, 
' after being kept alive for 12 
, hours on an artificial bean 
1 pomp which surgeons said 
could . radically improve 
patients' chances of survival. 

1 The operations is the first 
heart transplant to be carried 
out at a private hospital and the 
first time the £8,000 American- 
made pump has been used in 
this country . 

The man, from Hertford- 
shire, was said yesterday to be 
in a stable condition. Surgeons, 
including Mr Magdi Vacoub, 
who carried out the transplant, 
and Mr Donald Ross, whose 
team have been working on 
heart pumps for some years and 
who carried out Britain's first 


~Q I Wood from 

y .fin 

'Ratum tomatn 

heart transplant in 1968. said 
yesterday they were “very 
pleased with the results”. 

The air-driven plastic pump, 
about the size of a human fist, 
can be used either singly or in 
pairs to mimic the action of one 
or both sides of the heart. 

Mr Brian Glenville, aged 31, 
a surgeon and research fellow at 
the Cardiothoracic Institute, in 
London, said experience in the 
United States, where the pump 
had been used on about 70 
occasions, showed it could 
support patients whose hearts 
refused to pump properly after 
open-heart surgery for up to 28 
days. They could be kept on it 
until their heart recovered, or 
until a transplant heart became 

Patients awaiting transplants, 
whose hearts deteriorated, 

Today’s events 


Concert by the Auriot String 
Quartet, Assembly House. Norwich, 

Music from Northern Lands by 

Solution of Puzzle No 16405 


II R E lil li B ^ 13 

wmz n 


a a a 5! a 
^n«nnH' uananraia 
n ■zi -13 h . a n 
ynnasaan issraguisi 

H n . H ITT ii 
j^msnuans . aigaiKwp 
a ci n » a c s. a 

333213 aOEailHSSE- 
h a a s a n 3 -h 

could also benefit “They could 
be put on the pump to await a 
transplant, which would turn 
the operation from -an emerg- 
ency into an elective pro- 
cedure”, hesaid 

The device was not without 
risks, and at this stage could 
only be used by surgical units 
with experience of L But in 10; 
years it was likely to be 
something every cardiac team; 
would be using. ! 

Mr Glenville said that work 1 
was also well advanced around 
the world on developing pumps 
which, unlik e the Pierce-Dona- 
chy model used this week, were 
electrically driven and could be 
placed inside the body as a 
permanent assistance to the 
foiling heart 

The patient, wbose wife and 
daughter were with him yester- 
day, first underwent coronary 
by-pass surgery at the Harley 
Street Clinic last November. 

A spokesman lor American 
Medical Internationa], which 
owns the clinic where a bed 
costs between £99 and £220 a 
day, said he returned to the 
clinic earlier this week for 
further surgery. 

“The decision was made to 
operate again, knowing the risks 
were high but with the full co- 
operation of the patient and his 
family”. After the further by- 
pass operation carried out by 
Mr Ross on Thursday morning, 
his heart refused to pump 
effectively and be was put on 
the piggy-back artifical heart 
which mimicked the action of 
the left side of the failed hearL 

The spokesman said: “A 
heart became available within 
12 hours and was donated from 
the Harefield Hospital pro- 
gramme, and the transplant was 
carried out at 2am this morning 
by Mr Yacoub. 12 hours after 
he was put on the assist pump.” 

AMI and the surgeons were 
waiving the £15,000 cost of the 

The pump, driven by a 
control console costing about 
£35,000, was donated by the 
family of a cardiac patient, and 
Mr Glenville’s research pro- 
gramme at the Cardiothoracic 
Institute is financed by AMI. 

as stalemate 

The BBC Welsh Symphony Orches- 
tra and the Pendyms Male Choir, St 
David's Hail. Cardiff, 7.3a 
Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfoniena. Medina High School. 
Newport, Isle of Wight, 2.30. 

Concert by the Hellos Singers, St 
Mary’s, Reigate, Sumy, 7.30. 

Solution of Puzzle No 16,940 


n ^ ^ ^ b nww 

.taiewie H 

|P- !») >3 ig P C5 ^ 51 

'IfilWSISnffiSW'ffE ■ J3I3EP1 
In a c! rj a 
aswna, ssBasMi'-ian 
53 r g.-~s 

m 5 S BS R r* 

n»ra m h H...R w - n 

m ^ n si n : ih- m m 

^OSBH'SB ' ^'■paBBR3 

11 Fishy prawn starter is cangbl in 
the Orient (7). 

12 One of nine perhaps knocked 
out by the cheese (7). 

13 A way to estimate value 
avoiding extremes (8). 

15 To invest in New Eden is upper 
class (5). 

18 Smooth society betting term (5). 

20 How one may reach next round 
- without a fight, incidentally 

23 One result that might produce 

more stout (7). 

25 Damned dogs in play (7). 

26 The Utopia to which 1 6 dn. may 
take one? (5-6-4). 

27 Determine to dump detectives 
in the river (6). 

28 Delivers documents for publi- 
cation (S). 

2 Many a poem has weight - an 
attractive thing (9). 

3 It links the shrouds as Jack rises 
with a rope (7). 

d The onset of gloom in a fearful 

lament (5L 

6 Honour the girl as a holder of 
drink (7). 

7 Without one way to subsist 

8 Played impish tricks, watched by 
brother (8). 

9 Giri has raw dan, having 
literally erred (8). 

14 Sapwood to incinerate in a 
chimney for Jock (8). 

16 May’s dread - wiki abstractions 

(3-6). . ' „ . 

17 Sale sman gets tight and is 
superseded (8). 

19 Holy man deceived - went a bit 
off course (7). 

21 Miss after a name in the city? 
Shut up! (7). 

22 Musical exercises are key to 
duets, perhaps (Q. 

24 Man of austerity thus about 

to ... (5). . . 

25 ...remove joint name from 
bank ledger (5). 

Mr Parry and his wife Shirley yesterday reading about his by-election victory for the SDP. 

SDP wins a Liverpool Thatcher defends herself 
seat after 30 defeats against Heseltine 

By Peter Davenport 

Liverpool's first SDP coun- 
cillor took his seat yesterday 
after a by-election victory that 
showed a marked swing against 
the MDitant-dominated Labour 

Mr Glyn Parry, aged 48, 
managing director of an engin- 
eering company, was greeted 
with cheers and applause from 
Liberal colleagues in ' the 
Alliance when he arrived in the 
chamber for yesterday's council 

He wan the Old Swan seat 
with a margin of 955 votes on 
Thursday night, overturning a 
Labour majority of almost 
1,000. The poll produced a 15 
per cent swing against Labour 
which. If repeated throughout 
the city in local elections due in 
May, would put die Alliance in 

The victory was die first win 

for the SDP in the city after 30 
unsuccessful: campaigns in local 
and parliamentary elections. It 
came after die *» gning of' a' 
concordat with the Liberals 

The by-election, caused by 
the death of the sitting Labour 
councillor, was the first oppor- 
tunity for voters to pass 
judgement on the city council 
since its policies almost bank- 
rupted the authority. 

Next week 48 Labour coun- 
cillors from Liverpool wQl 
appeal in the High Court 
against .orders of surcharge 
made by the District Auditor 
for losses incurred by not 
setting a rate last June. If they 
foil in their action they will be 
disqualified from office and the 
resalting series of by-elections 
would offer the Alliance further 

Continued from page 1 
participation is the Anglo-Euro- 
pean consortium was against 
■ the national interest and that it 
' should withdraw. 

While Mrs Thatcher was 
saying there should be no 
■recriminations a succession of 
ministers went on to every 
available broadcasting channel 
to respond to Mr Hesel tine’s 
attack. - 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, Foreign 
Secretary, said that Mr HeseU 
tine had painted “a wholly 
exaggerated and misleading 
picture”; Mr John Biffen, Lord 
Privy Seal, said that he had 
“over-dramatized” and got 
himself into a situation where 
there was an absence, of good 
faith; and Lord Young of 
Grafiham, Secretary of State for 
Employment, said ' that Mr 
Heseltine bad had enough 

publicity to prove tbat iTthferc 
was any gagging ii was' ^eiy. 
unsuccessful”. • • 

Mr Nicholas' -! Ridley, ■ '-Set- ■ 
rctary of Stale for Transport 
said on C hanne l 4*s A WeA in 
Politics last night that- he. was 
glad that Mr Heseltine had 
resigned “because he ' was 
beginning to be extremdy 
embarrassing to his colleagues 
and I was one of those .who 
expressed that view”. 

Meanwhile, the- Opposition 
was building-up plans last night 
for - a head-on clash with the 
Government when the . Com- 
mons returns from its . Christ- 
mas break on Monday. ; . . . 

Mr Roy Hattersley, deputy 
Labour leader, said that Mr 
Heseltine had . . resigned ui 
protest against Mrs Thatcher’s 
authoritarian style of govern- 
ment and “heartless society’*. - 

Jt 6ome onin to our store now 
and save,” they exhort, yuu, 
“But hurry. Get there before 
word gets out This offer won’t 
be repeated.” . ' - • 

• Ajm fromfthe innovative^ 

use of English — the word; 
"save’* is now synonymous 
with “spend* 1 . izt advertising' 
copy, wjhfle “word getting out” 
;is surety & function, of -the 
announcement - — the invi- 
tation will certainly entangle 
you in one; of the most 
frustra ti ng '-experiences of 
Jiving, in America; spending 
money. ' . - . - - - : - 

' It is not so easy. “Cash of 
charge?” Is the reflex question 
as you ofifer a $2p- biIL Cash 
can be a problem and produce 
a sour look: the till has no 
change; the lone assistant is 
afraid of being robbed; a high- 
value note is a forgery suspect. 
Charge.' of course, depends on 
your, having pne of, those . 
invidious ptastie'esods. - 
^ A ocf 'here you meet your 
first Catch-22: you cannot get 
one unless you already have 
one. If you have never been so 
deeply in debt that you are . 
scrabbling to pay off a .dozen 
accounts month, . by month, 
you have not bmlf up a good 
; enough credit rating io aQow 

those liccnsedsnboperstogive. 

the thiunbs^> signal to the' 
bank, store of credit company. 
Of course once you’ve started, 
there is no -stopping: modem . 
wallets have fold-out sections 
a 'foot -long -to hold cards of 

i every colour ■ ghri afyniaffcm ■ 
There is always a cheque for 
check, as titey write it hereX - 

■ but '.that ' really.- courting, 
.trouble.-. Two .identification : 
documents 'inxist be shown, 
one .of them a “mqjori” credit- 

.'card (and : it is no Use 
producing, an unfamiliar Brit- 
ish-based card>. The - other 
should be a driving, licence. 
And if yoti do not or cannot 

■ drive? .- You 1 should have 
obtained^ one- of -toose apodal - 
non-driving- driving ' licences 
your, state thoughtfully issues, 
for-theblrad.' “ 

' The- assistant then fills in : 
the. catechism bn the. back of 
the cheque"- home address, 
work* address, . home phone, 
work phoney .social security 
number (it is not legal to ask 
for it, but most .stores do) 

and codes brie letter of the 
mysterious acronym COINS 
(With pemstenps ■ J--crah£d 
a triuttant assistant that 
this- JStood : for Caneil«i^ w 
Oriental, Tn^cth ; N egrfTspan 
ish). Yotif Seight-'we^and 
other partfoulais. ace added if 
there i& a problem about your 
identity, - ,i|n4 . for . : good 
measures :some stores even 
take , a photograph of you. 
Another, assistant has 1 then to 
check tile answos. - 
. it would be nice .if you 
could simpfy flash a. : bank 
guarantee card. Alas. they .do 
not -exist >’bere,. -Banka, are 
another., problem. They .as- 
- sume the guilt of anyone 
frying to spend of : draw 
mono?. A chequebook is not 
sufficient identification - you 
still need -the . obligatory 
driving licence. 

“Look, it is my money, dot 

S ur money. Wifi you .let me 
ve it?" 1 recently heard an 
elderly German remonstrating 
.in a thick acoent/with ^he 
cashier.'. Indeed, unless,, you 
have made special arrange- 
ments, it is impossible id draw 
out the bank's moneyt.wnte.a 
cheque for one -cent over your 
balance and it will be .immedi- 
ately bounced.' '■ ... /■ 

There are so many' Aj&eriT 
can banks - over 3iB00 attire 
last count -> that they neither 
know nor. trust ..each other. 
They wifi not credit a cheque 
to your account'. for- .at. least' 
three, days until, it. has been 
cleared at the other end-: - 

^ It is only fordguers who 
make such a fuss about banks 
: here. Americans are ’used.'tp 
their small, hoimo<tbwn banka,- 
even though they cotiapse with 
surprising frequency; People 
understand the historical fear 
of allowing banks to become 
too jtowerniL; The lifting of 
restnetiems. ’to inter-state' 

banking- still foces- vigorous 
COTOsitxon. - "* 

Money made America, and 

easy money Is still (he: vision 
and ddustpn. ^aefiy, credit 
fraud has roaiabed^si^.j^^^ 
portions that sospictomi s hew, 
the natural reaction;' Yon can 
.earn good money ‘here. Try 
^jendHigit '*• ‘ • 


Concert by the City of Briming- 
ham Symphony Orchestra, Town 
Hall, Binninghara, 7. 

Talks, lectures 
The photographic art by Dr Mike 
Weaver. Stills Gallery. 105 High St, 
Edinburgh, 2.30. 


Book fair. Church Hall. Digby 
Rd. Sherborne, 10.30 to .30. 

Norwich Antiques Fair, Black- 
friars. Hall, St Andrew’s Plain, 
Norwich, 1 1 to 5. 


Last chance to see 

Laser Magic - holography 
exhibition, Brentford Watermans 
Arts Centre, 40 High Street, 
Brentford, Middlesex: Sun II to 9 
(ends today). 

Scottish Craftwork. Art Gallery 
and Museum. Relvingrove, Glas- 
gow, Sun 2 to S (ends today). 

Drawings by Bonnard, Aberdeen 
.An Gallery and Museums, School- 
hill, Aberdeen; Sun 2 to 5 (ends 


Concert by the Krsisler String 
Orchestra, Wilde Theatre, Brack- 
nell, Berks, 7.30. 

Kent Youth Concert, Rochester 
Cathedral, 7. 

Epiphany carols and readings, 
Parish Church, Leeds, 6.30. 

German song by Barbara Rodway 
(soprano), Robert Fortes (tenor) 
and Stuart Smith (piano). Mason’s 
Croft, Stratford-apon-Avoo, 8. 


Stamp Fair. Royal Station Hotel, 
1 70 Ferensway, Kingston-apon- 
Huti, 10 to 5. 



Births: Alexander HamBtoa, US 
statesman, Nevis, BWL 1755: Sir 
John A. Macdonald, first Prime 
Minister of Canada, 1867-73. 1878- 
91, Glasgow. 1815; George Natha- 
niel Canon, first Marquess Curzon 
of Kedleston, Viceroy of India, 
I898rl905, Kedleston. Hall, Derby- 
shire, 1 859. 

Deaths: Sir Hans Sloane, phys- 

Loiris Roubfllao, sculptor, London. 
1762: Domenico Cimarosa. com- 
poser, Venice, 1801; Baron Georges 
Baussmaim, who rebuilt and 
modernized Paris, Paris. 1891; 
Thomas Hardy, Dorchester, Dorset, 


Births: Edmond Burke, states- 
man, Dublin, 1729; Johann Hidn- 
rich Pestalozzi, education reformer, 
Zurich, 1746; John Singer Sargent, 
painter, Florence, 1856; Jack 
London, novelist San Francisco, 
1876; Dame Agatha Christie, died 
at Wallingford, Oxfordshire, 1976. 

In the garden 

Snow is far preferable in 
gardening to periods of bitter east 
winds or frosts, which do not lift day 
or night for days on end. But it can 
cause dam age to trees - the weight 
of a few inches of snow can fomtic 
away quite large branches. I keep a 
long length of light aluminium pipe 
handy to knock snow off branches 
whenever necessary. Snow,- which 
can also splay hedges apart, should 
be knocked off and, if necessary, 
hedge growths should be tied back 
into place as soon as possible. This 
is one reason for trimming formal 
hedges so that they are wider at the 
bottom and narrower at the top. 

Central heating is hard on cut 
flowers and flowering pot plants. 
Some of us. who have glass enclosed 
porches, place pot plants and more 
expensive cut -flowers there at night, 
thereby extending their life. We do 
not. of course, do this on very frosty 

if you do not have a porch, you 
can move flowers and flowering 
plants into a cool room where, 
perhaps, the central heating is 
turned off or is quite low. 
Remember, of course, -that in 
prolonged, bitter weather the coldest 
room in the bouse may not be frost 

Greenhouse management can be 
tricky in winter, during spells when 
frost does not lift all day. One 
should try to give some ventilation, 
even for an hour or so, if it is not too 
cold - no point in opening 
ventilators if the heating is on. So, it 
is important to keep the benches 
and floor dry, also to water plants 
very sparingly; too moist an 
atmosphere will case condensation 
and encourage plan l diseases. 

In greenhouses where the electric 
heating and extractor fen - venti- 
lation is kept at, say, 45"F night 
minimum, one should set the ton 
thermostat to come into operation 
at 60*F - HTF higher than in 
summer. - 


For readers who may have 
missed a copy of The Times this 
week, we repeat below the 
week's Portfolio price changes 
(today's are on page 12). 

IS* Mb tan 1M -M M ■' M T*iP 






A deep depression will remain to 
NW of Scotland, with « -strong 
westerly flow over country. . 

LL-iuHll P > Jr 

ncn cngigicTTf 
E3E3 CD caca COMBI 

The pound 



\ DOWN 25 . . . remove joi 

i 1 Lively as a bird (6). bank ledger (5).- 

Christmas Jumbo solution, page 32 


ICTC a.3 


Mb i 

Snow reports 

• Depth CandUons Weather 

(cm) Off RinstO (5 pi 

L U Piste Piste resort - 


Xitzbuhet 30 80 Fair - Fair Worn Sun 

New snow on hard pose 


Ftatee 67 145 Fttr- -.Varied Fak Snow. 

Worn patches on some slopes 

Vil Thorena 120 180 Good Vaied Fak Snow 

New snow on hard base 


Lenzwhekle 30 . 40 Fair Varied Fair F&» 

Most itistes oaan ■ 

St Moritz ^45 55 Fair Varied Fafr'Fine 

Wind causing torn pacchea 

Verdiar 40 w Fair Varied Fair Fine 

New snow on hard base 

Wengen .30 60 Fair Powder Fair - Cfoud- 

New snow firm base . 

Zermatt .30 - 60 Fair : Powder Closed Fine 

Lower pistes dosed ... 

i (VI *- iiTi fl m 

*»7: i 



I ■ 


Weekend television and radio prog rammes 
Summaries by Peter Dear and Peter DavaDe 


£«0 W»o the Wisp fr}fc35 

Hunter's Goto. Epj30da two of 
1 the adventure serfs} satin 

g 1860s New Zealand (r).- ... 

*s, ftAO Saturday Superstore, 

% ? m *& managed by Mike Read. 

- Today’s customers Include 

John Craven wffitaspeciai 
\ report; actor Davsy Jones; 

. ' wfldBtohrff Tony Soper.' V 

Z ’ A sfr^ger Leo Sayer.^ndfooibafl 

legend Bobby. Ctiaitton. . 


** ^SoodMbmfcig Britain, - 
Introduced by M3fe Morris. 

•' Weaihenrf0.5$nmraat7-OOL 

- . • (Bandstand introd u c ad .by 

Deemond Lynam, The tinenm 
isr 12J20 Football Focus with 
Bob Wtaon;13L50 News 
summary and weatfiec 12 £ 5 , . 
A 1.30 and 205 Raring from 

..'N Ascot; 1.10 and 1.45 Bating 

• _J‘V from the London West Hotel; ' ! 

■'■'i s,' - -/ 2*15 and 3.1Q Rugby League: 

the John PtayerSpecinl- 
? . ; League final; 3.00 Racing from 

. " Leoparctotow n; 3^0 Hamime -: 

scores and reports; 255 
SkSnff the Men's Downhflt 
- • from Qarmdch; MS'Rnal 

^ score. 

- 5.05 Newawfth Jan Learning. 

;■ I Weather 5.15 SportyReqtona) 

• . • , . ' news. 

•fint’U Fbc ft. The first of a new 
‘ „ series and among those for . 

. whom Jimmy Savile has fixed 

it are a 13-year old who wants 
to be a banister and an eight- 

- year old who yeams tobe train 

:..-t : driver (Ceefax). 

, 555 The Nod Edmonds Late Lets 
Breakfast Show includes the 
Whirfy Wbeeter challenge and 
the Golden Egg Awards. 
u *"EL45 Comedy Classic: Soma 
v Mothers Do ‘Av -Bn. On • - 

moving Into the new home . , 
■y* : Frank » adopted by a dog, 

• <; white an Insurance agent’s 
assessment of his furniture 

sends Frank to woodwork 
classes (r). 

. ; - 720 Strike it Rtehl Part two of the 
; .-77' adventure serial about a group 

T of disparate people joined in 

the common bond of share 
holders. (Ceefax). 

. ’ ‘'*'"->3.10 The Two Ronnies. Comedy 
••"i , sketches including a film 
~s thriller. It Came from Outer 

Hendon, starring Messrs . 
Corbett and Barker with - 

. v Joanna Lumley. The musical 

‘ Intartuda is provided by PttiU ’ • 

\J - Collins. 

> 9.00 News and Sport With Jan- 
• Leeming. Weather. 

’■ '9.15 Fkire How to Beat the High 
Cost of LMng (1980) starring 
Jessica Lange. Susan Saint . 

■-* James and Jane Curtin as 

three Oregon housewives who 
are experiencing a cash-how ■ 
problem. Their plight is so 
desperate that they plan to rob 
their local shopping sentre of 
. onaof its mam attractions -Jiv 

eight foot plastic bubble of 
money. Richard Chamberlain 
‘ . -. -T plays an lariortuante husband 
. who Is ropediri on the 

escapade. Directed by Jerome 
M Zaitman. - 

120 ram: Captain Kronos- 

, _• Vampire Hunter. (1972) . 

starring Horst Jenson and;. 
John Carson. A samt-seriooe 
tale rt a vflagelri which'aB'thr' 

■ ■■< young-men and women age 7 

overnight . To theta rescure .: 
rush the professions) vampire 
t hunters. Captain Kronos and 

his hunchbacked assistant, 
Professor Htoronymous. Greet. 

• - ; Written and directed by Brian., 


•2J0 Weather. 

9J!5-tio73,' TKs first of a new 
• Miles Modes Kbig; on video. 
Sopjifa George; a mtaiaure 
tearing. 11 JJOTerrahawk*. 
Antawted’srianceflrilQri - 
/' Series (ri.11^0 Mr Smah. - 

Humaousadventwesofan -. 
almost-hiarmn orang-utan. : 

12.00 News with Carol Barna& 

124)5 Saint and Gnutvsfe^tan and 

Jkwny wHh the tatestnewa ... 
from the footbafl front end 

- ' other sports. 1230 Wresting 

. from Northgate Arena. 

■ ^-20 AirwolL Dominic set to - - 

. inherit mBEons of dollars after 
going to rescue of a downed . 
pBot . ' 7 

■ 2.15 Bonaon. The Governor's man 

marries Kraus by mistake. 

2.«5 Snooker. The opening' frames 
of the final of toe Mercantile 
Credit Classic, Introduced by 
Dickie Davies. 

4A5itesi«ts service. 

5.00 News with Carol Etemes.. 

- 5*05 Blockbustars. Bob Hotness 

presents anther round of die 
generte knowledge game for 

- teenagers. : 

535 The A-Tmto. The Irregular 
quartet come to die aid of 1- 
. another innocent victim 
i-' threatened bythelorces of 
evlL /• 

630 Copy Cats. Entertainment 
provided bye host of 
imprassiomsts headed by 
Bobby Davro. . .-r~ . 

7.00 Blind Data, Young people, out 
■ of sight of each other, answer 

questions to see who wffl be .. 
compatible wtth whom on a 
blind date. Presented by CWa ’ 

'-7.45 People Dd.tfie Funraeat - 
_ Things. Jeremy Beadle wtth - 
another selection of cups from 
television's funnlsst moments 
- Intentional and unintentional. 
-630 Kumar. This first of anew . 
series finds Hunter and Dee ' 
Dee on the trail of a drugs 
dealer responsible for the 
death of a young student . - 
When they catch up with Km 
1 he is dead - shot with Hunter's 
gun. The poice come to the 
obvious conclusion. Starring 

- Fred Dryer and Stepfante 
Kramer.. ' 

930 News and sport 
9.45 Aspel and Company. The first 
of a new series and file guests 
. are Anthony Hopkins. Britt ’ ' 

. Ektand and Mel Smith. . 

1030 Snbokar.FurtoerKtionfrorn 
. the final of the Mercantile. 

. Credit Classic, Introduced by 
EMclde Davies fromthe ' - ■ 
Spectrum Arena, Warrington, 
r The c ommenta tors aieficrfm- ~ 
Putman, Dennis Taylor, Rax ' 

' •* WHUams, Ray Edmonds and 
. •• • Mark.WOdnrtan. '•••••. 

12.15 LWT News headfinea fotowed. 

. by Elvis Memories. A . 
documentary bri the He erf 
- .. . EMsftealey. . • '• 

120 ffigtrt Thoughts from the 
.... Bishop of Leicester. 

BBC 1 



L55 Play School 9.15 ArSdes of 
Fifth. John Bqwker, Dean of 



asks Why be Moral? 930 This 
is fin Day. A sfrnfrfe service 
from a viewer's horns in south 

1030 Asian Magazine. This week's 
adtem mdudesa vicWtre 
. vaanarectodbyA^tanghwho 
’• triks about his muse to 
Reginald Massey. 1030 The 
Interview Game. Advice on 
projecting the right Image at an 
interview (r). 1055 Deutsch 
dfrekfl Lesson 12 of the 
German conversation course- 
1120 Ttifr-JoumaL The news 
as sew: by viewers to the 
German station, ZDF, last 
Monday; and MghBghts from 
Antenna 2 In Paris (r). 

11.45 Buzzard's Wizard Woodwork. 
Richard BBzzard completes 
Ms series by making an oak 

rocking chair (r). 12.10 See 
Heart A magaztoa p rogra mm e 
tor the hard-of-hearing. 

1235 Fannkifl. Wffiam Waldegrave, 
interviewed at the Oxford 
Farming Conference, explains 
the disagreements on 
conservation policy between 
the Wntstry of Agriculture and 
the Department of the 
Environment 1258 Weather. 

130 News headflnes. 1.05 
Bonanza. Jamie borrows 
Bern's gokS-ptated rifle (r). 

150 Cartoon (r). 230 
EastEnders. A compfiatton of 
the week's episodes (Ceefax). 

3.00 Match of tha Day Live. Jimmy 
HB1 presents coverage of the 
First Division game between 
Watford and Liverpool The 
commentator is Barry Davies. 
455 appr oxima tely Cartoon. 

5.10 ABce In Wonderland. Part two 
of the four-episode adaptation 
of Lewis CarroB's tale starring 
Kate Doming as ADce 

5.40 The Living Isles. The second 
part of Julian Pettifer's series 
on the natural history of Britain 
and Ireland (Ceefax). 

B20 You Are What You Eat. A 
guide to healthy eating. 

630 News with Jan Leeming. 

6.40 Song of Pmtea from Liskeard 

7.15 Hi-de-tU is that Mr Partridge's 
body floating In the pool? If so 
who should be informed first - 
the police or Joe Mapfin? 

755 Biuebefl. The first of an sight- 
part serial tracing the fife and 
career of Margaret Kelly, tha 
Irish orphan who formed the 
famous BkubeB Girts. Starring 
Carolyn Pickles (Ceefax). 

835 Mastermind. A new series 
begins with contestants 
answering questions on Jazz. 

1 91 0-1 927; the Ifa and work of 
Auguste Escoffter, the history 
of World Cup footbaf, 1930- 
1 982; and the exploration of 
the Arctic, 1550-1909. 

9.10 News with Jan Leeming. 

925 Dcugwateh-Twenty addicts, 
ex-addicts and parents explain 
their problems. Presented by 
■Esther Ran tzen. 

10.15 Everyman: Phoenix Bird. A 

profile of Jamas R Jarrett, who 
runs survival courses at his 
Phoenix Firearms Training 
Centre in Arizona. 

1055 You Curt See Tha Wood. The 
second of David 860801/8 
series of eight programmes 
* about trees (ri- 
ll 20 World Darts. Highlights of the 
final of the Embassy World 
Professional Championship. 

1220 Weather. 

030 Ceefax 10.10 Open University 
.130 Ceefax. 

155 Fttrrc Dangerous Heaton 
(1954) starring Victor Mature, 

- . - . Piper Laurifl. Wfifiara BencBx 

- - and Vhicem Price: Thrtler 

■ - rfxiutfhasearclitoravital . 

witness to a murder who is 
being hunted by the police and 

by a Mt-msn sent by the 
' * murderer. Directed by Louis 

. . King.. v.;; 

3.1Q Horizon: Are You a Racist? 

- Four self -coni eased racists 
are ensconced wtth four 

- victims of rectal harassment fti 
a remote West Country house 

4 100 The Royal lasttiutian ■ 

Christmas lectures. The sixth 
arid last lecture in the series 
. given by Professor David Pye . 
on the subject of 

■ communicating .. 

5.00 World Darts. The first semi- 
final ofthe Embassy World 
Professional Champkxishfp. 

6.i0 The Sky at ffigftt Patrick 
: Moore with the latest - - 

^formation that has been 
gathered about the sun (It). 

630 DeutschAektl Lesson 11 of 
the 20-part German 
conversation course (r). 

555 Fricklay- The Changes. The 
fifth and final programme of ' 

. , the series features Barry GW, a 
strSdng rrtner.who reverses 
roles with his wife. 

730 NewsView. Jan Leeming with 
today’s haws and sport; Moira 
Stuart reviews the week's 
news in pictures with subtitles. 

. 8.10 Rbifilitei New'Babyion' 

. (1929) The firetteievision 
showing of the sSent das^c 
vrith the oiusto score by Dimitri 
Shostakovich telltog tha story 

- ofthe tragedy' of the Paris ! . 
Commurfelri.1871 . Directad by 
Grigon Kozintsev and Leonid 

. Traubergs 

1030 Saturday Review, presented 
by. Russell. Davies. Comment 
onihe opera, HeT s' Angels; 
the novslsof CoHn Mactnnes; 

. thefftnvYearol the Dragon; - 
and the exhibition of paMngs 
and photographs from Japan 
. at Oxford’s Museum of 

- Modem Art. 

:1130 J%b The Bodyguard (1980) 
■starring Alexander - 
- Kaidanovsky. A Russian-made 
adventure film set in Turkestar 
during the 1S20s. Directed by 
• All Khamrayev. Engftsh 

1225 World Darts. Highlights’ of tha 
: .- second semi-final of the . 
Embassy World Professional 
• Championship. Ends at 120. 

135 Second to None. A 
• . documentary about the Mfe and 
work of a number of dis a bled 
artists (r). - - 

230 Fans Captain Boycott* (1947) 
starring Stewart Granger, ' I 

Cm fi Pwkar. KStotaen Ryan 
and Alastair Stm. Drama tsKng 
tha story of the passhra 
re sis t anc e of farmers in 
County Mayo in 1 880 to the 
tyranny of land agent Captain 
C.C. Boycott. Directed by 
Frank Laimder. 

355 FUnn Seven Sinners* (1936) 
starring Edmund Lows and 
Constance Cummings. 
Harwood, the European 
representative of an American 
detective agency, investigates 
a train crash that he befieves is 
a cover for a murder. Directed 


535 Brookside (Oracle). - 

630 Family Ties. American 
domestic comedy series. 

630 News Summery and weather 
followed by Tennis. Semi-final 
action in the WCT World • 
Doubles Champion sh ip. 

730 Assembled in Britain. A 
documentary exploring the 
malaise surrounding British 
manufacturing Industry and 

8.30 Overdrawn at the Memory 
Bank. A science fiction video 
drama about Aram Fingai. a 
skflfiti data procassorwho 
finds a way of gaining access 
to forbidden computer 
records. When he Is 
discovered he is sent to the 
- de-briefing vfflage of Nirvana. 

1030 HID Street Blues. Captain 

Furfllo hires his own lawyer for 
the grand jury investigation; 
Hunter seta two basset 
hounds on the tral of a 
scavenging pack of doge t ha t 
raid deserted tenements; and 
Renko and HID go undercover 
as waiters at a popular 
restaurant where BeHcer, 
acting as bar tender, almost 
has fas cover blown by 
Captain Freedom (Oracle). 

1130 Film: Dracuia' (1931) starring 
Bela Lugosi. Horror, based on. 
Bram Stoker's n over about the 
vampire Count Dracute who 
leaves Ms native Transytvania 
for a ruined abbey in England. 
Directed by Tod Browning. 

1225 Rim: NosferattT (1 922] 

starring Max Schredt. A silent 
version of the Dracuia story 
with the action taking place in 
Bremen instead of &gland. 
Directed by F.W. Mumau. 

135 Ciosa. 

1 rm 

5n long wave, t Also VHF stereo. 

555 Shipping Forecast 630 News : • 
BrieSng..6.iaUpraludB.tfi20 . ■ .. 
SJt* Nbwb: Famvng Today. 650 

. ; Prayer Far .The Day. 655 

Weather; Travel. 

vl'. 1 750 News. 7.10 Today’s Papers. 7.16 

- On Your Rum. 7A5 In 
Perspective (Rosemary HartU). 
750 Down to Earth (MBce GHfiam ' 
and Alan Titohmersh). 755 
Weather, Travel. 

; 850 News. 210 Today's Papers. 8.15 

- Sport on 4. 248 Breakaway. 

_ Bernard Falk's gukta to the 

hoUday scans. 857 Weather; 

. 850 Hews. 

^ 850 News Stand. Arina Robinson 
reviews the tweekly magazines. 
--<1055 Talking PbBtlcs. Anthony Howard 
Intro d uce s a tfiacusslon on 
iiil positive (fiscriri*iatioa Those . 

r-#q teWr^ part metatte Peter . 

Bottwnley.Undar Secretary of . . 
£3 State «tne Department of 

Employrnent'andWPBam • 
ife Bradford Reynolds. Pre^denf s . 

2F" Reagan's Assistant-General 

1050 Loose Ends with Ned Sherrln and 
Ms team indudrn Angela 
Gordon, Robert Sms end 
Stephen Fry. . 

1150 From OurOwn Correspondent 
1250 News; Money Box. With Louise 

7.05 Step the Week with Robert 

: Robinson. Jeremy Nicholas stags 

Saturday-Night Theatre. Man of ' 
the Febpietiy ABenSaddtar. Wftft- 
Patridt Mower as Horatio 
Bottomley. The setting: the First 
World War years-t 

Evening Sarvioe.t 
Optaktae. Three guests. In 
conversation with Ted Harrison, 
dtacuss ethical, moral or refiglous 
Issues of tfye week. ; 

Science Now. DBcoverieeand- 
devetopmentslo tha world’s 

-leading laboratories, presented 
by Pe» Ewuww'-:.,v 
In One Lwe comerhf sho«.t 

rfaws; weather. i23S-SMppaig. . 

-MeNab, wntar and former 
Olympics coach. 

1210 Concert: part two. Brahms'* 

. Vioto Concerto, t 130 News. 
US P8t4Crossley: piano radtaL 
Scarlatti Soratas in A. Kk 533 
.- and hi E,Kk 28; Barg's Sonata 
* Op 1 ; J&nscak's Senate IX 1 906 
fZuflce); Tfepetf s Sonata No 2 1 
200 Early 1 9th Cenftsy Duos: Pierre 
Potto's Sonata in D, Op 1 1 No 3: 

' , GluBanTs Serenade Op 127; 

, played by Mchaeia Cwnberti 
Jyk&i) and N^jef North fatatari. t 
230 Are GaNca: French music from 
1871 to 1914. Magnard's 
Synuhony No 4 (Toulouse 
Capnote Orchesfra): Faure's La 
chanson d' Eve (Ameling, 
soprano; Baldwin, ptanok andLe 
don sSemtieux (Souzay, baritone 
. and Baldwin, piano); Roussel's 
Evocations (Mrazova, contralto; 
Svehia. tenor; Jtadfek, baritone; 
Czech PhSicrmonta Orchestra 
430 M a nch e st e r 

Psyche; and Gerhard's 
Candonero de Pedrel, for 
. soprano and chamber ensemble. 
1t57 News. 1230 Ctoeedown. 

String Sound (BBC 
1035 Martta Ketaer.t 

Options: 330 World Makere.330 
Looking Into Europe. 4.00 France 
Extra! 430 Deutsch DbektL - 

Radio 3 

\ *1^1 ^1257 S^a%QnutowMlKtaWitfh 
*> l\L WBSama. Peter Jaoes.Deral 

WBBams, Piter Jama, Derek 
Mmmo and Simon Bates. In tha 
chair. Nicholas Parsons. 1255 

150 News.' 

1-10 Any Ckiestions? Lord Tonypandy, 
Mr John Rae, GarheEd Davies and 
Dame Sheiagh Roberts tackle 
Issues raised by the audtence In 
Llandovery. Wales. Chairman: 
John Tlmpson. 155 Shipping. 

*■00 News; Tha Afternoon Ptay: The 
Green tale of fin Great Deep. A 
fantasyta two parts tar John Keir 
Cross (Part 2). Wtth Gwyneth 
Guthrie, Alex Mackenzie and 
, „ Duncan McIntyre. 

3.W News: International Assignment 
•U0 Tha Saturday Feature: Stecs- 
taachta a writer Storm. The 


630am Mark Page. 850 Peter PoweL 
1030 Dave Lee Travis. 130pm Adrian 
Juste .t 350 Pate Gambacdnl with 
America’s latest hits and a countdown of 
the US Top 30.1530 Saturday Live wtth 
Richard Sklnner.t 630 In Concent 730 
Armemarie Grey 330-1 250 The 
Midnight Runner Show wtth Dbtie Peach 
(featuring Virginia Wolf. VHF Raifies 1 5 
2: 450am As Radio 2 150pm As Radio 
1. 730-450am As Radio 2 



coach travel, revealed by Laslfe 

4.15 KJpSng Round The World, in part 
two, Marahante LasMfoOows 
Ruflyaw Stag's fiaveta and 
wpkx-Bathafworid that Klpfing 


™h» from Intfia. KipBw * 

... P^Bd^JowAcklandW. ’ 
MS PrestwichPlqiie. The last of she 
“rrbattve talks. by Howard 

MO The Uving-Worid: Let's Hear it 
Again. Extracts from listeners 1 
ferowtaLMno World 

S-2G mm Endng. Satirical kx* back 

el tta weak raws. 550 

Re&onal TV. fating page 



I Ewn. WBWckmdvMw. (r)R«p«at 

"x 'v 'REQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/2B5m;1089kHz/275m; Radio 2z B93kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Rado 3: 1 21 5kHz/247 m: VHF - 90 - 925 ; Radio 4: 
-j BOkHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC 1152kHz/261m; VHF 973; Capftat 154BkHz/194in: VHF 95.8; BBC Racflo London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 943; World 
-. .-5arvteoMF648kHz/«63m. . 

635 Good Momfrtg Brfttta begins 

wfth 'A Thoi^ht for a Sunday': 

730 Cartoon; 725 Are You 
Awake Yet? tor the young at 
725; the What’s News quiz at 
750 Jani Barnett's Pick of the 
Week at 8.10* news headGnas 
at 827. 

630 The Sunday Programme with 
David Frost reviewing the 
Hawspapers and interviewing 
Barbara castle. 


925 Wake up London. The Vidous 
Boys try their hand at 
basketball 935 Woody and 
Friends Cartoons 955 
Snooper and Blabber. 


10-00 Meriting Worship. Mass from 
Cur Lady of Mount Carmel 
Church, Rsdcfltoh 11.00 
Getting On. GBUan Reynolds 
and Tony Van Dsn Bergh 
examine the ease of 73-year 
old George Hell, one of the 19 
v ic t im s of the satmonefla 
poisoning outbreak at Stanley 
Royd psychiatric hospital in 
Wakefield in 1984 1130 A 
Heritage From a Stone. The 
Norman Castles of Northern 

1230 Weekend World: The 

Heseltine Affair. Brian Walden 
assesses its importance for 
the future of British pofltics. 

130 Poflce 5. Shaw Taylor with 
more dues to unsolved crimes 
in the London area 1.1 5 The 
Smurfs. Cartoon series 130 
Joanle loves ChaehL 
American domestic comedy 

200 LWT news headlines followed 
by The Human Factor. Sue 
Jay examines the fives of ex- 
circus strongman, Ray 
WBfiams, and his wheelchair- 
bound write, Edna. 

230 Snooker. The dosing session 
of fin find of the Mercantile 
Credit Classic introduced by 
Dickie Davies from the 
Spectrum Arena, Warrington. 

6.00 Albion Market Mora dramas 
with the stab- holders. 

630 Newrs with Carol Barnes. 

6.40 Highway. Sir Harry Secombe 
is In Peterborough where 
among Those he meets is 
Canadian singer Edmund 
Hockridge, and Cat Stevens, 
now known as Jusef Islam. 

7.15 Catchphrase. The first of a 
new series of game show, 
presented by Roy Walker 

7.45 FBm: When Time Ran Out.. 
(1980) starring Paul Newman 
and Jacquefine Brsset 
Disaster movie about a South 
Sea island paradise that turns 
to a hell when a supposedly 
steeping volcano erupts near 
the site of a luxury hotel. 
Directed by James Goldstone 

9.45 News with Card Barnes. 

10.00 Spitting Image. The first of a 

new series of the biting ly 
satirical puppet show. 

1030 The South Bank Show. MeJvyn 
Bragg talks to John Cleese 
about his career and of life 
before Monty Python, when he 
was a six-foot tall public 
schoolboy being thrilled by the 
Weston-super-Mare air. 

11.30 LWT News headlines followed 
by The Search for Wealth. The 
first of a new series on the 
economic realities of living in 
our society. 

11.55 The New Squadron aires. Big 
band sound with vocals by 
Sheila Southern. 

12.20 Night Thoughts. 

9.00 Ceefax. 10.10 Open 
University. 1125 Ceefax. 

11.45 Champion, the Wonder 

Horse* helps fight prejudice (r). 

1210 WlndmB. Chris Serie digs into 
the BBC’s videotape fibrary to 
find efips dealing wftfi 
childhood including the 1954 
film. Portrait of 8 Public 

1.10 Stales of MincL Jonathan 
Miller in conversation with Dr 
Hanna Segal, an analyst. 

200 Ru^>y Special Highlights of 
the match between Stewart's 
Melville FP and Heriot's FP. 

230 F3m: The Epic that Never 
Was* (1956) starring Charles 
Laughton. Merle Oberon. 

Flora Robson and Emlyn 
WHfiams. Ths story of Sir 
Alexander Korda's frustrated 
efforts to film Robert Graves’s 

I. Claudius. 

3.40 Music by Haydn. The Takecs 
Quartet play the Quartet No 2 
in D minor. Op 76. 

435 Thinking Aloud about History; 
what questions should we be 
asking of tha past? are Bryan 
Magee, Professor Geoffrey 
Bton, Professor Dr Wolfgang 

J. Mommsen and Dr Gareth 
Stadman Jones. 

4.45 World Darts. The final of the 
Embassy World Professional 

635 Ski Sunday. The Men's 
Downhill and Slalom from 
Garmisch-Partenkirchen and 
the Jenner mountain at 
Berchtesgad8n; and ski 
jumping from Blschof3hofen. 

7.15 The Natural World: The 
Forgotten Garden. A 
documentary about an 
Oxfordshire garden that has 
returned to its wild state. 

835 Comrades. The ninth 

programme in the series on 
today's Russians focuses on 
Ragim Magerramov who 
works as a trainer to tha Lenin 
Pipe Rolling Mill's football 

8.45 The Money Programme: 
Industry Year SpeciaL Brian 
WkSake and Valerie Singleton 
examine how the problems of 
the recession are being 
tackled by Britain’s 
manufacturing industries. 

9.35 Architecture at the 

Crossroads. The first of ten 
films on contemporary 
architecture, written by Peter 
Adam. Tonight's programme. 
Doubts and Reassessments, 
reviews the present state of 

11.15 Screen Two: Tha McGuiffin. 
starring Charles Dance, Brian 
Glover. Ann Todd and Anna 
Massey. The story of a film 
critic with a penchant for 
Hitchcock's mysteries, who 
finds himself in a mystery of 
his own. Directed by Colin 
Bucksey. Ends at 1130. 

130 Irish Angle-Hands, rhecratt 
of the Cavan cabinet-making 
Robinson brothers. 

130 Face the Press. Brian CowgQI, 
formerly Managing Director o f 
Thames Television, now 
Deputy Chairman of Minor 
Group Newspapers, is 
questioned by Raymond 
Snoddy of the Financial Times 
and Graham Turner of the 
Sunday Telegraph. Gillian 
Reynolds is in the chair. 

200 Tennis. The final of the WCT 
World Doubles Championship. 

5.15 News summary and weather 
followed by The Business 
Programme which includes an 
interview with Sir John 
Cuckney, chairman of 
Westland. Can he persuade 
his shareholders to accept the 
Sikorski rescue package? 

Pius, the French view of the 
Channel Tunnel Project. 

630 American Football. The 

featured games this week are 
Chicago Bears against the 
New York Giants, and the Los 
Angeles Raiders versus the 
New England Patriots. 

7.15 Alan Bush-A Life. A portrait in 
words and music of B5-year 
old composer, pianist and 
Marxist, Alan Bush. Professor 
of Composition at the Royal 
Academy of Music for half a 
century and founder of the 
Workers' Music Association, 
he is, according to tha late 
Hans Keller, arguably the 
finest living composer, in an 
interview. Alan Bush 
discusses his musical ideas 
and the important events In his 
life, and talks about his life- 
long attempt to "connect 
musical activity with the real 
happenings in the world". The 
programme's music is 
performed by The Vesuvius 

8.30 The Btiio Inquest A welcome 
repeat of the dramatized 
events dealing with Inquest 
into the death of Steve Biko 
while in pofice custody in 
September 1977. The play is 
based on secretly-obtained 
transcripts of the court 
proceedings. Starring Albert 
Finney as counsel lor the Biko 

1025 Film: The Man Who Changed 
His Mind* (1936) starring Boris 
Karloff and Anna Lee. Karloff 
stars as a mad scientist who 
creates an apparatus capable 
of transferring the mind of one 
person to another. When 
funds are stopped by his 
patron because he thinks the 
scientist is a crank he usbs the 
machine to exchange his 
patron's brain for that of his 
crippled assistant Directed by 
Robert Stevenson. 

1 1.40 Snooker. Highlights of the 
best-of-25 frames final of the 
Mercantile Credit Classic. 

Ends at 1245. 

Radio 4 

On long wave t also VHF stereo. 

535 Shipping Forecast 630 News 
Briefing. 6.10 Prelude. A musical 
sequence 1630 News; Morning 
has Broken (hymns). 635 
Weather Travel. 

7.00 News. 7.10 Sunday Papers. 7.15 
Apna HI Ghar Samaihiya. 735 
Balts. 730 Turning Over New 
Leaves. 735 Weather Travel. 

830 News. 8.10 Sunday Papers. 8.15 
Sunday (with Cftva Jacobs). 830 
Brian Johston appeals on bebaK 
of Action for Cysphaslc Adults. 
835 Weather TraveL 

930 News. 9.10 Sunday Papers. 

9.15 Latter from America, by Afistalr 

930 Morning Sarvica. Family Mass for 
tha Baptism of the Lora from St 
Augustine of Canterbury. 
Downend, Bristol. 

10.15 The Archers. Omnfaus edition. 

11.15 nek of the Week with Margaret 
Howard (r%t 

1215 Oesert island Discs. Michael 
Parkinson talks to the young 
vtofinteL Nigei Kennedy, t 1255 

130 The World this Weekend: News. 
135 Shipping Forecast 

230 News: Gardeners' Question 
Time. Day Jones invites Dr 
Stefan Buezacfci, Geoffrey Smith 
and Les Jonas to answer 
listeners' queries in Birmingham. 

230 The Afternoon Play David 

and . . . Who's Goffath? by Paul 

9.00 News: The Screech Owls by 
Honors De Balzac. Dramatized in 
four parts (3L With Anne Louise 
Lambert 1938 Weather 

10.00 News 

10.15 The Sunday Feature: The 
Conchies. When war broke out in 
1939. a number of men and 
woman felt unable to fight. Tony 
Parker talks to seven or them. 

1130 Our Conversation m Heaven. 
Canon Mchael Austin considers 
ways of discovering and 
urwersiantfing prayer today. 

11.15 Alad Jonas. A musical profile of 
tha boy treble, presented by 
Chris Stuart (r). 

1200 News; Weather. 1233 Shipping 

VHF (avafiabts in England and S 
Wales only) exoape 535-630am 
Weather. Travel; 635-7-. 15 Open 

intercontemporain (under 
Boulez), with Maryvonna La 
Dizes-Richard (violin). York 
Holler's Resonance; Elliott 
Carter's Penthode and Berio's 

1.10 TaBc Roy Gregory Reader m 

Radio 3 

Political Science, at Reading 
University. ta9(s about Words. 

1.15 Proms: part two. Pierre Boulez's 

1.45 Early Music Centre Festival (2): 
Amsterdam Loeki Stardust 
Quartet perform works by 
Palestrina. John Baldwin, and 

230 Opera: The Magic Flute. Mozart's 
two-act opera, sung in German. 
James Levtae conducts the 
Vienna Philharmonic and Vienna 
State Opera Chorus. Cast 
includes Christian Boesch, 
Gudrnn Sieber, Angela Maria 
Bbsi, Laozio Poigar, Goats 
Wlnbergh, Peter Weber. Hurst 
Nitscha, ZdslBlawa Donat and 
Horst Hjastermann. Act one.t 

3.40 Excuses, Lies: A verse 
anthology, selected and 
presented by Petrie Dickinson. 
Read by Jffl Balcon, Michael 
Spice. James Kerry and Nig at 

3.55 Tha Magic Flute: tha second aett 

530 New Premises: another edition of 
the Stephen Games arts 

and . . . Who’s Goffath? tv Paul 
Abbott. Starring Jason Uttier as 
the 14-year-owwlthakMdof 

430 News Taflong about Antiques. 
Bernard Price and John By 
answer listeners' questions. 

430 The Nat HBst Show. Fergus 
Keeling and Lionel KeBeway 
among the widfife people. 

530 News; TraveL 

535 Down Your Way. Brian Johnston 
visits Tonbridge hi Kent 530 
Shipping. 535 Weather. 

630 News. 

6.15 Weekend Women's Hour. 
MghBghts of the past week. 

730 Travel; The Mystery of the Blua 
Ttaln by Agatha Christie. 
Dramatized in six parts (3). With 
Maurice Denham and Janet Maw, 
and Robert Beatty, t 

730 Prone. Helen Pakpar presents a 
portrait of Barnard Gordon 
Lennox a modem Major-General, 

7.45 Tkne of Your Ufa. David GUSand 
recalls the time when Miss Harris 
went too far. 

830 Bookshelf. Hunter Davfs plays L 
Spy with Lan Dteghton and 
Anthony Hyde ((% 

830 Ptaastag the Patient Geoff Watte 
finds out how tha placebo affect 
poses ethteal dilemmas 1w the 
medical profes si on. 

6.15 BBC Philharmonic (under Oliver 
Knussen). Poul Rutters 'e 
Capricdo pi aria forte; 
Lutostawskl's Three Postfudes; 
TakemRsu's Star Isle; and Robin 
Holloway’s Diptych, Irom 
Domination of Euack.t 
730 CymbeHne: by WaCam 

Shakespeare. Starring Alec 
McCowen (title role), with Anna 

Britain), David Schofield (Cfoten), 
Tim Pigoott-Smlth (tachimol and 
Patrick Troughton as Belarus. 
Special narration written by the 
pfay's director David S. Spencer, 
with music by Bona Sekacz. Part 
one- interval at 9.05. Part two at 
9.1 5.t 

11.00 Karl Haas Conducts: recordings 
of Bach’s Concerto In F, BMV 
1 057 {a version of the 
Brandenburg Coneano No 4); 
Fux's Sonata in F (strings): and 
Mozart's Serenade fai C minor. K 

1137 News. 1200 Closedown. 

Radio 2 

4.00am Jufian Rees.t 630 Steve 
Truetave.T 730 Roger Royle says Good 
Morning Sunday (special guest Chaim 
Herzog, President of Israel), 935 
Melodies for You (Robin Boyki).t 11,00 
Desmond Carrington.! 130pm David 

Benny Green.t 330 Alan DeO with 
Sounds Easy.t 430 Jazz Classics In 
Stereo (26-part history of Jazz). (B 
Chicago - The Melting Pot. 430 Stag 
Something Simple (Cliff 
AdamsSingBre).t 530 Charlie Chester's 
Sunday Soapbox. 730 Mooney's 
Monday Magazine with Pat Mooney. 
Jeffrey Holland. NIchda McAufiffe and 
Jon Glover. 730 The Gentle Touch 
(Bonnie Dobson). 830 John Brecknock 
Sings. 830 Sunday Half-Hour (from 

Belfast). 930 Your Hundred Best Tunes 
(Alan Keith). 1035 Songs from ttiB 
Shows (John Marsh). 1030 Acker's 
Away. Mr Acker Bilk and his Paramount 
Jazz Band, and Frod Wedlock. 1130 
Sounds of Jazz (Peter Clayton) (stereo 
from midnight). 1.00am Nick Page 
presents Nightrkte.T 330-430 A Little 
Night Musie.t 

Radio 1 

6.00am Mark Page. 830 Peter Powell. 
1030 Steve WrighL 1230pm Jimmy 
SavBe's 'Old Record' Club. (This week: 
1984, 1978 and 1972). 230 Paul Jordan. 
430 Punk to Present (part 12). With 
Mike Smith. 530 Top 40 (Richard 
Skinnar)-t 730 Anna Nightingale 
Request Show.t 930 Robbia VtacenLt 
1130-1200 The Ranking Miss P wtth 
Culture Rock.t VHF Radtts 1*2 
4.00am As RatSo 2 5.00pm As Radio 1. 
1200-4. 00am As Radro £ 


SJU NmusdML 7JS0 Now* 7J» Twenty-Four 
Hours. 7 JO From Our Own CoirespondenL 
7 JO Waveguide. aj» News. 8JS nritocUorB. 

6.15 The Pleasure's You*. 8J0 News. M8 
Renew o! Briteft Press. 41S Science in Actkei. 
14S A Parted Day 10.00 News. 10.01 Short 
Story. 10.16 Ctesaka Record Renew. 10J0 
Sunday Service. 11.00 News. 11.00 News 
About Britain. 11.15 From Our Own 
Correspondent. 12.00 Nbwb Summary. 1231 
Play of the week: The Spanish Gardener . 130 
News. 139 Twenty-Four Hours. 1 JO Sports 
Roundup. 1.45 The Sandi Jones Request 
Show. 200 News. 230 Cftarie. 330 Rai» 
Newsreel 3.15 Concert Hal. 430 News. 439 
Commentary. 4.15 My Wpana 44S Lenar 
From America. 530 Hews. 539 Refieebons. 

5.15 MerUan. 830 News- 839 Twemy-Fc^ 
Hours. 9.15 The Pleasure's Yours. 1030 
News. 1039 Poets on Music. 10JS Book 
Croce. lOJfl Financial Review. HM0 
Reflections. 1035 Sports Roundup. 1130 
News. 11.09 Commentary. 11.15 Letter From 
America. 11J0 The Goriachev WterifaM* 
1230 News. 1209 News About Britain. 1215 
Radio Newsreel 1ZJ0 Refiglous Serves. 130 
News. 131 Les MJearabies 1.45 Souixls ol 
Strings. 200 News. 239 Review ol tta British 
Press. 215 Peebles' Choice 230 Science n 
Action. 3.00 News. 209 News About Briton. 

3.15 Good Books. 330 Anyrtwig Goes. 430 
MowtdHk. 4J0 Foreign Aftelrs. 535 
Recording of the Week. 

AD fane* in GMT 

Regional ra rial ions, facing page 

[ W v rfe ^**1 







tntuciCnw time far pe dieiw dpmcMdati 

QiflPffl -<l QC9S1 HI rtWOini n*-NOl«|] «*cn-*l v*l nMOlnlnmni -iinwni #%i 




Edited by Shona Crawford Poole TRAVEL ~ : - ' ' ■ • ' ' ' ■ 

Getting a taste for Latin America: a whirl round a continent of contrasts fro m woolly-hatted India n s in the peaks oft heAnggs.,, 

;-*1> •; -■ 

Tales of the 


I Colombia; 

No other continent's name retains 
quite the descriptive quality of its 
mixed nature as Latin America: 
"Latin 71 referring to the Spanish and 
Portuguese colonization, “America” 

to the indigenous cultures, with 
overtones of the 20th-century US 

overtones or the 20th-century US 

The name evokes paradoxical 
images: Incas, Aztecs and revolutions; 
the Amazon, the world's greatest 
waterway and forest and scene of 
potential ecological disaster, Rio de 
Janeiro, its beautiful bay, exuberant 
carnival and football, chronic social 
deprivation and debt crises. Such 
generalizations can only be dispelled 
for reinforced) by going there. It is 
precisely behind Lhese paradoxes, 
though, that the fascination lies, 
because it is the contrasts not just 
between, but also within, countries 
which pro ride so many delights. 

An example: the traditional picture, 
of Peruvian Indians in bowler hats' 
and ponchos, chewing coca, tending 
their llamas in the Andes, is very 
incomplete. As pan of a broad canvas, 
the term “Indian” covers a vast array 
of groups from the tiniest vestige in 
Costa Rica to the predominantly 
Indian populations of Bolivia or 
Guatemala (only Uruguay has no 

Head in the clouds: a Bolivian 

Indians left). Similarly, the Andes are 
not the only South American 
mountain range, nor are they 
themselves homogeneous. Each 
Andean region, from the forested 
equatorial foothills to the Patagonian 
glaciers, has its specific flora and 

Peru, for example, comprises three 
distinct geographical areas: a desert 
Pacific seaboard rising steeply to the 
Andes which, in the south, stretch 

shepherd weaves in the Altiplano 

into Bolivia as the plateau of the 
Altiplano, but slope gently in the east 
to the jungle lowlands of the Amazon 
basin. The country is normally 
associated with the Incas of Cuzco 
and Machupicchu. but they were the 
last in a line of pre-conquest cultures 
of which discoveries are still being 
made (in July I98S a 1 ,000-year-old 
city. Gran Vilaya. covering 120 
square miles with possibly 24,000 
building, was uncovered). 

To give one example does not do- 
justice to the variety that the -sub- 
continent offers the visitor. You can 
choose any number of itineraries: 
from the peaks to sea level, you can 
climb, hike, ride the rivers, sunbathe 
on a beach: there is no end of 
possibilities for the bird-watcher, the 
botanist, the anthropologist, the 
archaeologist- - (amateur or pro- 

Two important considerations for 
the independent traveller are how to 
move around and how much time to 
spend. The one depends very much 
on the other. Flying allows die visitor 
to see many widely spaced places in a 
short time and, talcing advantage of 
the air passes offered by the national 
carriers of most of the countries, 
keeps down the cost But flying, 
besides being more expensive than 
land travel, misses the contact with 
the locals and their environment. 
Road transport is swifter and more 
comfortable in Brazil, Argentina, 
Chile, Venezuela and Mexico. 

A rough guide, for land travellers, 
might be that in a month you could 
see Mexico City and travel south to 
Oaxaca and on to the Mayan sites of 
the Yucatan; a month in a country the 
size of Ecuador would be sufficient for 

a good; ’view of various Vp« o£.. 
landscape, several cities and manrete, - 
plus a week in the unsuipassable: . 
Galapagos Islands; but a month m .. 
Peru Would dictate a more superficial 

Three months would give much 
greater- scope for travelling in the 
Andes; Mexico and Central America; 
throughout Brazil and the Amazon. 
But don’t forget the weather: it would 
be foolish to time your trip, to 
Patagonia (Argentina and Chile) for . 
midwinter (June-August), because 
transport and the cold winds can be . . 
very problematic. 

Most of the region can be visited .. 
without too many problems in the;: 
first quarter of the year. .However, 

December and January are the busiest • 

holiday months, so travel anywhere • 
should be booked well in advance. . 

There is no shortage of authors who 
have written about Latin America, , 
and the most obvious, examples in:- 
English include Graham Greene, Panl 
Theroux, Bruce Chatwin and John - - 
Hemming. Latin American writers-' ! 
approach their continent from an 
entirely different angle, and many, of | 
their books have been translated into 






£ 400 nrite J 



S^Tk; Ocean! 


.bunanT amain 


Culture shocks in the 

. l-'w- T ? ’T * 

♦•/y y& & • ft t 

Brazilian melting pot 

The tourist leaflets tell of the 
Oktoberfest, the museums of Dr 
Hermann Blumenau and Fritz 
Mueller, the hotels Himmelblau 
and Bering, the Pension Dussel- 
dorf; the Restaurant Frohsirm 
and the Kaffeehaus. But this is 
, not Germany, it’s Brazil - 
Blumenau in the southern state 
of Santa Catarina. 

Apart from Blumenau (which 
has a good museum of the 
Colonial Family), a number of 
towns display this strong link 
with their ancestry, such as 
Pom erode, and German is still 
spoken in these communities of 
gun dubs and Bavarian-style 

The land is farmed by small- 
holders whose houses are clad 
in vertical wooden planks 
painted pink, beige or pale 
turquoise. Some look as though 
they have been patched up with 
the remnants of neighbouring 
planking, like a pastel neo-plas- 
ticism. They are surrounded by 
tidy flower gardens and the 
towns by small neat industries 

The area is a prime example 
of how Santa Catarina’s settlers 
have maintained their identity 
without being absorbed into the 
Brazilian melting-pot. Perhaps 
it is because the climate is 
almost European, with no real 
dry season and a cool winter 
between June and September; 
the hills around S&o Joaquim 
(4,488 feet) are the only part of 
Brazil where it snows. 

By contrast, on the southern 
coast is laguna, where Gari- 
baldi made his landfall in 1839. 

Blame nan. 





L ■ < V-'-'-J ,§■ KT FtariandpoL 

santa mmwM 

CATARINA ^ ^jipAilMticjl 
• Joaquim 1=9 


W - 

European flavour: Garibaldi landed at Laguna in 1839 

A statue to his wife Anita, 
bronze skirt cast in a swirl, 
urges their followers on. Laguna 
has preserved the Azorian 
architecture of its 18th-century 
Portuguese immigrants: pastel 
walls, white moulding and 
balconies, keeping its distance 
from the tourist hotels. 

At the mouth of the Santo 
Antonio Lagoon, fishermen and 
women stand knee-deep in 
water waiting for fish to be 
driven into their nets by a 
dolphin prowling the channel, 
unperturbed by the small tug 
which pulls a Oat ferry to the 
other side. 

I crossed in a taxi to go to the 
oldest lighthouse in South 
America, standing on a head- 
land which rises above wild 
dunes and swamps. Snipe and 
plover wheel; great kingfishers 
sit on the fence posts beside the 
unmade road. The boulder- 
strewn headland could be 
Breton, the brightly-striped. 

graceful fishing boats Portu- 

My taxi driver raced the rain 
clouds back to the ferry: “Not 
many tourists come here now”, 
he said. “Not since the Turks 
came and put the prices up.” 

The bus from Laguna to 
Florianopolis, capital of Santa 
Catarina, runs between the 
jagged, green Serra do Mar with 
its brick-red soil, and the 

coastline of peninsulas, bays 
and beaches. It passes rickety 

and beaches. It passes rickety 
stalls of iced sugar-cane juice, 
stone-coloured cattle in bumpy 
meadows and white herons 
standing vigil on the riverbanks. 
At every hold-up, children dart 
among the traffic, quicker than 
the fishing birds, selling strings 
of mandarins, nuts and caged 



£3 Kxnerienre the mvsridue of India, with its ever- 

Experience the mystique of India, with its ever- 
changing cultures, magnificent art and beautiful 

H rvel at the exotic temples of 
c, gaze at the ancient ruins of 

is Canada. For our range of 
illy escorted holidays phone 
01-629 0999, or visit any 
nas Cook or Frames Travel 
branch for a copy of our 
iscorted Journeys brochure. 

Florianopolis, straddling the 
narrow channel between the 
mainland and Santa Catarina 
island, is a small friendly city 
of sudden hills and sweeping 
seaside drives. It has the typical - 
street culture of business trans- 
acted at open cafes over plastic 
cups of black coffee. Unlike 
Blumenau or Laguna, it is 
losing its past as candy-coloured 
buildings are pulled down to 
make way for the tall blocks 
which impose grey-brown anon- 

The orange market building, 
on what was the old waterfront, 
now stands high and dry on 
land reclaimed from the sea. 
But in .the Praca 13 de 
Novembro, shaded by a giant 
fig tree whose branches are 
supported by stilts, the old state 
government palace has been 
reclaimed from disrepair, in 

pink, for the new democratic 

The principal tourist attrac- 
tion is the beach, Balneario 
Camboriu, Itapema, or the less 
spoilt Porto Bclo. On Santa 
Catarina island alone there are 
42 beaches: tranquil on the 
landward side and those on the 
open sea perfect for surfing. 

I walked to Annacfio on the 
Atlantic, past dogs sleeping in 
porches, large leaves rattling in 
the breeze, frogs croaking in the 
wetlands. At mid-afternoon the 
bars were shut and a few 
fishermen were mending nets 
(the whaling days are gone). I 
set off for a small rocky point 
joined to the village by a 
causeway of boulders which 
separated two glorious beaches 
of bleached sand and azure sea. 

Three black and white sea- 
birds skimmed the crests of the 
deceptively lazy waves as if 
surfing the air. Then a voice 
called, “Senhor, senhor, don’t 
you want to catch the bus?" A 
scruffy boy ran alter me; how 
could 1 possibly want to stop 
here in winter (70T, the sun 
shining)? I persuaded him that I 
was content to wait for the next i 
one, but still be wanted money 
for his efforts, lest I should 
forget Brazil’s abandoned chil- 
dren and poverty. 

You need no persuading to 
eat the _ delicious seafood, 
accompanied by German-style 
white wine from Rio Grande do 
Sul (Brazil's southern-most 
state), or beer kept cool in a 
polystyrene thermos. But the 
industries of Blumenau and 
Joinville employ a harder sell 
as in the cautionary advert for | 
Father's Day: “Every father gets 
the underpants he deserves". 

Ben Box 

The author is assistant editor of 
The South American Handbook. 

Wh ether for the. Mo 

Carnival ' a go-it-alone adven- 
ture trip or escorted package 
tour; the hoKdaymaker’s first 
step should bo to seek specialist 
advice. Here is a guide on where 
to go for help, what visas yon 
w3J need and how much to phut 
in firing costs. But whatever 
your goal hear in mfakl from the 
kick-off that it is World Cup 
thne from the end of May to end 
of June and cut-price fines wfll 
be hard to find while the 
tournament is on. . 

Also worth mentioning are * 

Staamond Travel, 23 Ecdes ton ■/£” 

Street; London-SWlWaX (01 -7S0 ■ > 
>. 8846), and.TraBflnders, 4249 Earls . \ ' 
Court Road, London W8 6EJ (01- : .«• 
<5031515). • < 

World Cup 


For trekking holidays, Sheroa - 
Expeditions, 131a Heston Hoad, 

ExpetSQons, 131a Heston Hoad, 
Middlesex (01-577 2717); Exodus 
Expeditions. 100 Wandsworth High 
Street, London SW18 (01-870; 
0151), who also run twfee-yeerfy : 
overland trixk expeditions. 
Adventure-holidays are also 

Most carriers are either putting an 
embargo on (fiscountad teres or - 
me increasing fares for the World . 
Cup month ofendMaytoond* . 
June. Most of the above agencies, 
can arrange ffighta attar more- :■ 
advantageous rates than the : 
official fares. Note that, except for 
some flifim arrangements, if 
traveling indepepdontiy It is 
cheaper to pay as you go atone, 
not in advance. . r • • 

As a rough gukJe. it is possible to 
travafte me Aildean countries, - 

26/ OWBrompton Road, London ' 
SW5 (trt -370' 6845). Journey Lalih 
America runftollday Joufrwys and 
escorted adventuresu*rin|| focal • . 

Rra^Loodon W4 (01-747:31 08), 

T wickers Wdridarrange organized 
cultural and wflcfitfe tours Irom 22 • - 
Church Street, TWcfcenham, 
Middlesex. TW1 3NW(0 1-892 . 
7606). Bales Tows, Bales House, 
Barrjngton Road, Ooridng, Surrey 
RH43EJ (0306 885991L and Kuoril 
also of Dorking (0306 885044),- . 
specialize in escorted tours at the 
upper end of the market 
Agencies that do packages to one 
or more destinations foaude 
Deflator Travel, 96 Held End Road, 
EastcotB, Pinner, Middlesex HA5 
1 RL (pi-868 2968k MeSa Travel. 12 
Dover Street, London W1X4NS - 

(01-491 3881); andSouth American 
Travel, 31 Exmouth Street. London 
EC1 R4TE (01*33:2841 ).- 
SpedaB atowa lmBar " 


<9tarmlnstiBr-Rood, Bournemouth 
BH89RD (0202 5251 67); and to - 
Venezuela and, Marico are . 
Margarita Travel, A Red Uon .. 
Street’ Richmond, Surrey (01 -940 • 

travafte the Andean countries, - 
Mexico and Central America 
spending about E35-45 a week on 
baste outgoings; but In Argentina, 
Brazil Chile and Venezuela, the 
costs for food, shefier-and 
transport are higher. - 

Vtsaregufremn t s • 

For abut poultries, British citizens 
niad a passport and a tourist caift^ 
eitimrobtakiad before arrival frogj 
a consutem or akfirie, or atthe JM 
border; check these details witfrma 
. couttryTeconsUate in Britain, 
v Guatemala has no consular • 
representation In Brttain; you must 

Paila, orii a route (eg . 

USA, Mexico). Britona must also 
have a vtea for Argentina and Cuba 
(for the former, go to the Argentina 
interests section at the Braman - 
embeaay in London; tourists are .■ 

sfiU being refused visas). - 


’lav safe 

The South American Handbook : 
^1655, Trade and Travel 
Publications, 5 Prince's BiMigs, 
-George Street,. Bath EW1 2ED). 
Other specialized guldes f or . 

■backpackers, cSmoera, river • 
traveilws can be obtaioeid from- . 
gcxxl travel bookshops or Bradt 
Pubfications, 4T Norton Road, . 
Chglfont St Peter, Bucks SL9 OLA. 

For an fares to Brazil, see Fare 
Deals, page 31 . FBmits from Rio to 
Florianopolis cost 593 each way 
(approx £130 return). The best 
places to stay are: Blumenau: 

Hotel Plaza Bering (5-star), Grande 
Hotel Blumenau (4-star), Laguna: 
Laguna Tourist and Itapiruba. 
FloriandpoBK Fkxianripofls Palace 
(5- star), Maria do Mar (4-star). 

Carnival capers: the annual 
explosion of street celebrations 
that marks the Rio Carnival 
attracts visitors from all over 
the world. This year’s takes 
place from February 5-16; 
most operators, including Bales, 
Knoni and Melia are sold out, 
but a few offers may still be 
available from Dells tar Travel 
South American Travel Hall- 
mark International and S tea- 
moud Travel. 






From now until March 
’86 f P&O's luxurious Sea 
Princess will be cruising 
round the golden islands of the Caribbean. You could join her on 
a 1 2 or 1 3 night holiday for as little as £1 ,230. 

And as if that wasn’t tempting enough, here are three more 
reasons to book now. (Phone P&O on 01 -377 2551 for full details 
and offer conditions, or visit a P&O Recommended Travel Agent.) 

fOR PEOt\t 


: ] ^soprefe 

Taormina is known all over the world for its beautiful 
scenery, superb beaches, historic sites such as the 
Greek and Roman theatres, Corvaja Palace and 13th 
century Cathedral. 

From Taormina, you can make interesting excursions 
to Mount Etna, Messina and the Aeolian Islands. 

We offer you personally inspected accommodation of 
a High standard in luxury hotels to pensions, all 
members of the CATA Hotel Association. Prices per 
night from £8 (B&B), from F13 (Half-Board), from £M8 
(Full Board). 

Direct flights to Catania with onward transfer to 
Taormina (Sunday, Tuesday & Thursday - starting 
Feb. 16th) from £135 return. 

For brochure, information and reservations contact:- 

\ J\ 1/ V ct (CATA Hotel Representation) 
ITATTTTb 9 Reece Mews, London SW7 3HL 

Hi I I. ri Tel: 01-584 2841 (24 hr) and 01-584 782Q 




SAVE UP TO £1,000 

■ per adult by com- 
bining a second 
cruise for less than 
half fare. On selected 
cruises that means 
23 full days away 
from it all at a sub- 
stantial saving. 

Piet bc send me the Taormina brochure:- 


to join Sea Prin- 
cess and add even 

more prestige to your 
holiday P&O can offer 
you very competitive 
inclusive fares. 


5 a third person 
s aves 73% by sha- 
ring your Stateroom. 
Invite a friend and 
share the benefits of 
a holiday you’ll always 

^ mV VT‘1' 

k*i* j.fX’* ^ ?r-f# t " iri 





'T X; " T '~. 

A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 



SuiBsfi Karadbi 

?• Pomade servahteflon^w^ 

j work and employ ers are too 

- .embarrassed to ask them, laments 

£ Aaberon Waugh, yet the need for help on 
: -the home front is more desperate than ever 

Whatever. .this, true figure, for 
foose '.seeking jobs, as opposed 
to those drawing dole -aul it is 
obviously known only to God 
nobody^caa reasonably, deny 
tbat tterc are kreais,of acute job 
shortage eycte m foe Midlands, 

photograph of: my 
parents’ household 
taken in 1949, when I 
was 10, shows a butler, 
a housekeeper, a cook, 
nanny,, a nursery maid,' a 
; ^jardstuay -a cowman - all 

• .sorting. fiiD-time ; r ■ and two 

; ,.-Jtaily. cleanersL By the time -of has yet suj 
... ^nyfcthri’s death, ! 7: years later ers have become tranperamen- 
-- - 13 speattmdet Conservative tefly ^employable.',- 1 «■• 
^..^toverontenis.- jins had been Ye* as the : demand for 
T ; ‘-educed to a single daily cleaner servants .rises {even if one 

- *okI apart-time gardener. hesitates to : use such an 

tfadpi mtBdl y a huge source expression to describe .'foe 
.' >>f einpoyineat has disap 1 -dignified calling- of nanny and 
^; xared. Census returns show ?home-hdp’9 so foe reluctance 
. . "'Jhalj. at . least . until 1851, of working-class girls to look: at 
. domestic servants made up . the : domestic employment «**■"*« to 
-largest single occupational- increase. ,.b is not "hard to 
jroup after agricultural workers, ima^gings . why the npwardly- 
‘fsven 8ft‘yeare later , in fo e 1931 mobife career woman and 
- returns,; ■ there.; . .were ..still, worki^ mother is seen iis an 
1 - 082,000 people employed tn • unsatistectCHy employer, but 
-iomestic " service- out- of-a 'before 'guessing at flte- reasons, 

* aridoire whidi wife, nearly 20 we might look at theevidence. 


Of "these, .1420,000 were 
■ronton and: 262,000 were' men, 
v Partly as a. result- of- deliberate 

Evolution of a declining species: changing times have brought informality but that in torn has created resentment among employers 

Mrs Elizabeth' Baxter, .who 
runs Baxter’s of F eterbo ro ngh, 
one - of , -the largest domestic 
, . .. . .. . employment agencies, confirms 

^ verameni policy, but chiefly I the huge rise in demand for 

domestic . labour which, has 
turned it into a selte^'s market. - 
; “Twen#vye«» -ager people 
■which -cmiki find domefstic hfelpeaStly; 
aymexit .now the giils art able to pick 
its .1984: and choose. They 1 -have to be 

tel 4 tesolt Of cWang iti f 

.ttitudes to work, this source of 
has aB buL- b yan% 


~«.«^Lahoui;dfarce Survey (oonriub.- encouraged even to attend.foe 
T^rted-by -foe Office of Population - interview. Being a nanny has 

• Censuses) show that foere are becom^^'-a . 

-gnovr abpat^i i „ ^ __ 

5ervante(pf winch some -22,000 . . “fix thelasfcfevryears foe das* 
' am men) employed hr private foe employers pome from has 
’ jjart-time .broadened. Yon -get better-paid 
- , . . V~ v '' ^‘mdxiaries midi»mpidte pperr 

T^ Many, like mysel^ ^wll find .ators employing nannies, ; not 
m i s fig u r ed 1 Sf J Q00, J to inehide fist the upper rntdrife ldasses. 
<* nannies, an pajrs and part-time. Because . these. ;peopki r haven’t 
.cleaners, . improbaWy Jow. Nor ahrayshadpco^livihgin they' 
vdoubt many metre - ptet-time don’t Eke it much..’-: V ' •" - 
,> . deaners ; te£M>g .tD':tbe Wade . • “The rdationship^ between 
•y .economy' - ...mat marveDdps those in domestic service and 
>' substructure which , has devd- the employer is much more one 
oped : in tHrect ; response to. of equality- YOTag nannies call^:tbettemplbyerabytheirChris- 
, tipn policies - mid- do hot ' tian names and wear 
—■-dedans themselves foth&OflSce 
of Population Censuses. Qufte 
possibly there are nannies who: 

— - appear on the tax-returns of foe 
self-employed as personal , as 1 

p jeans. 
They' rMnk nothing; of the 
informality, but .it sometimes 
.takes theaback.”. ' 

One might, suppose . that 
informality .would promote a 

sistanis, in the books of small happy atmosphere, but this 
---companies as - secretaries or 'does not °seem'->to be foe -case, 
offieeworkerv -.V Employer'- resentment of foe 

No one can.doubt lhat there employee, which - rims like 4 
- is more .'unemployment today, theme timc thnui^i air conyer- 
. ' than at' any time snee' foe war. sation on servants nowadays, is 

■; !!? 









% i 


We may 
have cut 
our prices, 

we haven’t 
clipped our 

PcrWh fo f thp ngbh 'WM^e stffl flown to onfetlte best 

n^ht flighhiji ihd oig rqs ariestill tecondto none.-. 

At'first glamx it’s.onty our. prices that axe difihxnt, 
riashei ly. t^.to 209b from last yeat But we.haye al» 

■«* : «’ ' ■ i ’ , ■ to i Iwrf l f iw , n . 

hcCt%apd its price, 

•.{ - , Andif "you'hook on or before Much 1st there ^na.' 
mnhbg^Valuaijeboniises.. ■; • . . »._ 

- free aixport ^car ^^pada^-WMth. ^ to£5Z,& 

: «3qjtifo.(rf , |ust ^55 aiai.a weekend for two ^.a le a ding 

!' ’Rttafiee »6pBgebx»dbure detailing om excellent 
- . hoEc&js' <6x11^13 local airports to 91 dtSeehf res&hs) 
b%r -wnpt te, Wia& fSESSCSL . VQ. 'Box. .22.: 

I'hum CMQL4 4EKxx vout local . L*r> 
ABTA s&aivOc 
(Z4ini), huofccQg terochvue code T2 

match«l by employees* resent-, 
meat of the job • at any rate 
whrre English employees are 

•Mrs- Baxter sayx her firm has 
more ■ problems with world ng- 
dass giris today: “Sometimes 
they faster and don’t take the 
job. Thc^y. seem to think the 
•wbrief; '& beneath them even 
-foougfr it is : the : sort, of thing 
foey-vtiil be doing when they are 
mamed. - Worfang-dass girls 
: suffer badly from homesickness, 
which is-.also new. Perhaps they 
-are very 'Coattctted -at -bpme 

re Jacqueline 
Lewis, owner of 
North . . -London 
Nannies,- confirms 
•' . - ; this: “Homeskk- 
ness is always - a problem, 
e^edally with gjxis from poorer 
areas who can fold their new life 
bewHdenng. They * come to. 
homes with fridges bulging with 
food and. where, foe children 
have mote clothes and toys than 
they know what to do with. You 
get girls from Newcastle having 
.to adjust to life in a posh House 
in Stahmore. " 

“There is a yast demand for 
nannies which cannot always be 
xpet - After Christmas there is 
always an upsurge in business, 
because nannies wait for their 
Christmas present foen"pux in 
their notice s week or two 
taler.” . ' .• ' 

Sensitive as one must be 
towards- foe predicament of a 
girl- fiom -Newcastle having to 
adjust to life in a posh house in 
-Stenmore, I cannot believe that 
foe adjustment is more drastic 
foan it used to be between, for 
instance, foe slums of the East 
End and some manorial seal in 
Keiit - : or Sussex. What has 
changed is- ,foe proximity at 
: which .these domestic recruits 
.mist live, and the character of 
foeir employers. : 

. 7 “Wamen . ire' terrified .of 
slipping off foe job ladder by 
taking four, or fivp years' off to 
'be with fh«r baitiea Doctors 
and 'solicitors think their careers 
wifi never- 'recover. It. is a 
desperate situation. It -worries 




*The Vrvant* prohtem exists 
wherierer there are: employers 
and staff - 1 it always has, and 
probably always will”, accord- 
ing to that bible of domestic 
matters, . Mrs Beeton’s Cookery 
and Household Management 
“But there ate ray many people 
who gaudnely enjoy working for 
others and heing of. service to 
foem.' Sndi people are the salt 
of the earth. The employ tr wbo 
b lacky Mfoagh to find one (and 
it should: not .be too difficult) 
should show her, c onsi deration, 
combined with a 'strictly bush 
uess-like attitede,- and appreci- 
ation of good Vwork. If this is 
done, foe ^servant problem* 

me to think of -a whole 
generation of motherless babies 
growing up”, says Mrs Lewis. 
“For some of the employers it is 
touch and go financially. They 
can hardly afford the nanny, but 
they cannot afford or do not 
want to stop working” 

Mutual resentment is some- 
what reduced if these nannies 
and home helps live outside and 
stay away at weekends, al- 
though this arrangement re- 
duces their usefulness as baby 
sitters. “I think the nannies like 
this arrangement^ too; it makes 
for job. more like office work”, 
says Mrs Baxter, But the live-in 
home help is a constant source 
of irritation and soda! guih. 

Pam Adams, 34, a keep-fit 
teacher and broadcaster mar- 
ried to a company director, has 
side-stepped much of foe social 
guilt attached to domestic 
service by hiring a foreign girl -. 
Danielle, 24, from France - 
with the title of au pair, working 
39 houre.a week for £20. 

“There is a sfight loss of 
privacy when you open your 
house to a complete stranger. 
Danny eats with John and me 
except when she leaves early for 
college two nights a week. One 
problem is that if you feel like a 
jofly good, row with your 
husband to clear the air you 
can't have it. Houses used to be 
designed for servants to live in, 
hut modern houses are not We 
put the- au pair in a bedroom 
across .foe landing from our 
loom,- but; it is still fairly close.” 

S he copes with any 
residual social guilt by a 
fairly robust attitude. “I 
try to treat Danny Hke a 
member of the family, 
although things like bringing a 
boyfriend “home are out of the 
question. Taking into account 
Danny’s food, heating and the 
car I probably don’t make much 
extra money after paying her 
expenses, but it keeps me sane 
not having to be a- mum 24 
hours *a day. I don’t feel we 
exploit ourau pairs.” 

Many employers are reluc- 
tant to talk about foeir -English 
employees, either because they 

are entered on tax forms as a 
secretary or for fear foal they 
might read about themselves. 
One, a personnel manager who 
does not wish to be named, 
seemed to sum up the predica- 
ment of a typical modern 
employer of domestic labour. “I 
need domestic help to carry on 
working, but Td. hate my* friends 
to know. It would be terrible to 
have a reputation for -having 
domestic help; it sounds like 

“It is a difficult situation. I 
can see that Pm carrying on my 
high-powered career,, if you 
want to describe it like that, at 
foe expense of another woman 
who does the domestic chores 
which bore me. But yon could 
.say I am supplying employment 
for ' a woman who is only 
equipped for. or who only wants 
to do, domestic work. The 
paradox is that the more 
emancipated a woman is the 
more she has to rely on 
someone else. 

“In some ways I can’t behave 
naturally with my nanny or the 
cleaning woman. I resent them 
slightly for taking over my 
home, but I also feel a bit guilty 
because they are doing jobs 
which I consider rather 

This employer, like many 
others, finds that foe best way 
out of these difficulties is to hire 
employees of her own class. 

“Frankly, our first nanny was 
so upper - crust I felt she was 
looking down her nose at us and 
couldn't believe our cheap 
ways. This new girl is much 
more our sort, just a nice 
middle-class ordinary girl with 
the same sort of standards we 

This is a constant refrain.. In 
the absence of -nice, ordinary, 
mi d d le-dais girls, Aust ralians 
or New Zealanders are pre- 
ferred. They work much harder 
than English girls of the working 
class, and seem to be happier in 
foeir work. 

A writer in the Sunday Times 
a few months ago was brutally 
frank about the matter, reveal- 
ing that she cross-questioned 
prospective employees about 

foeir tethers* occupations. "“We 
quickly learnt that it helps to 
discover a girl’s socio-economic 
group, no matter bow distaste- 
ful to our (wilting) liberal views. 
If the responses suggest a 
middle-class background, the 
odds are she will have a few 
social graces like “please” and 
“thank you". With luck her 
mother will have shown her 
how to- change her sibling’s 
nappy and foe art of keeping 

"Picking a girl from much 
lower down, or further up, the 
social scale than we are can be 
risky. Some -working-class girls 
and their upper crust counter- 
parts peel a potato with a bread 
knife and have never laid a 
table” would appear that foe 
great domestic employment 
explosion is just another job 
opportunity which our working- 
class youngsters are going to 
miss out on. Radicals will 
applaud this, regarding it as 
undignified and humiliating for 
the working class to be em- 
ployed as domestic servants, 
and it is certainly true that few 
of its members show any greater 
appetite, than they show 
aptitude, for foe role. 

I t used to be said that foe 
English made the best 
servants in foe world, but 
talking to members of an 
older generation, with 
greater experience than my own 
of employing them, I doubt 
whether this is the whole truth. 

Whai we had - I use foe past 
tense, since it has now virtually 
disappeared from the domestic 
employment scene - was the 
most effective NCO or warrant 
officer class: foe butler, house- 
keeper and head gardeners who 
kept foe lower servants in order, 
kept them in their place, and 
kept them working. What kept 
la vieille Angleterre ticking over 
was having this intermediate 
class to do foe ruling class's 
dirty work for h. 

Tbe employer could afford to 
be affable and polite to his 
servants - even to regard them 
as his friends - because there 

was always a butler or house- 
keeper to threaten them with 
foe sack if foeir buttons weren’t 
shining, if the grate was not 
properly blacked. Without that 
discipline foe system collapses. 

Although button survive - 
Mr Ivor Spencer, who runs a 
school for them, reckons that 
- there arc only 60 in private 
employment how - they preside 
over a much smaller establish- 
ment, and in most cases have to 
do foe work themselves, which 
they never had to do before. 

Consequently, they are 
mostly Spanish. Portuguese or 
Filipino; but even where foe 
old-teshioned English, butler 
survives he has little control 
over a new generation to whom 
any form of discipline is totally 
alien, in an environment where 
social security provisions, and 
the natural antipathy of the 
British' to any form of menial 
occupation, make it a seller’s 
market in domestic labour. 

Even if foe Government 
removed its most crippling 
impediment and made dom- 
estic wages tax-deductible, as 
almost any other form of wage 
is. one may doubt whether foe 
picture would change very 
much so long as social security 
provides an alternative. In one 
sense at least it is a pity, in that 
domestic service provided an 
effective social contract between 
foe classes. Now there is none, 
just a growing mistrust and 

What these working middle 
class mothers really want, i 
they are honest, is a cheerful 
friendly, hardworking slave 
Their first choice might be for 
Filipino, who would probabl 
fulfil all these requirements, be 
the Government has stepped i 
and work permits are no longc 
available for domestic employ 

First a Labour governmec 
restricted them, claiming to b 
concerned about exploitation 
then Mrs Thatcher abolishe 
them altogether, claiming to b 
concerned about employmen 
But my own experience suggest 
that under the pressures c 
English niceness, even foes 
friendly, cheerful, hardworkin 
foreign slaves lose foeir charai 

We caught one once amon 
the vineyards of the Languedo 
- a small hairy French 1 g-yeax 
old of Spanish extraction, an> 
brought her back to England fc 
force years. As soon as we ha 
lei her out of the cardboard bo 
with holes punched in its side 
she started scrubbing tbe flooi 
and did not stop until ever 
floor had been scrubbed. 

T hen she asked what sfc 
should do next. M 
wife weakly suggests 
she might like a cup < 
tea. Lolita (for that wj 
her name) regarded my wii 
with amazement and derisiot 
"Madame a peur dc rr 
commander", she cried, an 
started scrubbing ihe walls an 

She kept this up for iwo-am 
a-half years, enormously resen 
ing any suggestion that sl- 
should be given a holiday, ( 
even a day off But by then sf- 
had acquired a smattering i 
English and learnt to conver 
with the natives. By foe end < 
the third year she had all tl 
airs and graces of a Norlar 
nanny and expected foe saxr 
wages. She had caught ti* 
English disease. 

My final conclusion is 
gloomy one. Not only is foe ne 
generation of foe urban workir 
class temperamentally unfit i 
be employed in domest 
service, but so is the ne 
generation of would-be en 
ploy ers temperamentally uni 
to employ them. Perhaps old* 
generations would have been c 
belter without foe buffer of 
sergeant major class to kee 
things going. But. for tl 
foreseeable future, the soci 
classes will have to muddle 
along as best they can without 
relying on each other’s help, 
however much they may need 
each other. 


Fanning the flames 
hot tips on 
heating - page 33 

Arts Diary 
















Faring Ogt 


F ilms 




Ont& About 
TV & Radio 
Travel 30, 

The lnddniifabto Mrs Beeftnt 
was born ISO years ago this 
[year.' In the i960 edition of the 
original books employers were 
warned about the hazards of 
jsewtedmotogy. "Answering foe 
telephone, too, is nowadays an 
Important duty for most dom- 
estic "staff If they are unused to 
the telephone Xtfhfch often 
happens, especially among foe 
foreign girls now over here in 
yyk large numbers), the mis- 
tress wffi need to show, them 
Juwr to answer it, how to tifoe 

Fall house: the’ Waugh famil y in 1949 - father Evelyn (centre) flanked by mother and 
grandmother, with chtidren (author Auberon sitting front right) and domestics (back, from 
left) nursery maid, cowman, cook, butler, housekeeper, gardener, nanny; and two dailies 

messages and deal with callers 
politely- Nothing creates a 
worse impression than to hate 
foe telephone answered by 
someone who ta unused to tire 

. The edition also had words of 
wanting on **foe moral responsi- 
bility of the employer who 
engages - younger staff, 
especially young girls, and even 

more particularly, perhaps, the 
young foreign girls who help in 
so many English households 
today. It is no kindness, and is 
indeed a grave moral disservice, 
to allow too much laxity, either 
in work, general behaviour and 
moral standards, or as regards 
honesty and- character. Some 
unobtrusive supervision of a 
grrFs health and welfare may be 
necessary- The mistress of foe 

house should make it her 
responsibility to see that such a 
girl . is hi touch with a priest of 
her own religion, or wfth-sonie 
recognized welfare organization 
such as foe YWCA". 

Mrs Beetan, ISO Years of Cookery 
and Household Management Her 
Life and Times by Graham Nown is 
to be pubBshod by Word Lock next 
month (£12^5). 

By which we mean OSL 
Eighteen years of experience says there's no one 
touch us. And so too does offering the widest selection 
apartment and villa holidays to more Mediterram 
destinations than any one rise. 

Then there's our new OSL Pledge, gua r anteei ng ye 
holiday and it'3 price. Which, in c i d entally has been slash 
by up to 2(Wo from last year. 

In addition, there are valuable bonuses if you book 1 

or before March 1st 

Namely free airport car parking worth up to £3: 
deposit of only £25 and the chance for up to six peo 
to spend a week at Butlins for just £ 20 * 

As you can see, it pays to choose the sp ecialist - Fort 

free holiday brochure other write to OSL FREEPO 
jr. PO Box 2 2, Abingdon, Oxon 0X14 4BR, see m 
V® your local ABTA travel agent or pbone0235 1|( 
A 834834 (24 hrs). quoting brochure qpde T2 ' Hdl 

HriMn Caspar 

!vii»u>r>c<£C’i iviu.Nuir IUWOIWIOWU iV?IO*l-iO )UIO<8»5 IHI5<B0 l>*lfi«6EG I 


THE TIMES JANUARY 1 1-17 1986 

:mj«« twiii 

Feeding the masses on a 
iiet of blood and thunder 

Orwell called them Yank p?*g4 and 
deplored gory jargon “perfected by people 
who brood endlessly on violence". To 
W. E. Johns, creator of Biggies, they were 
"imported propaganda, shouting hysteri- 
cally of how Americans had won World 
AVar I in the air”. 

- “Pulp fiction", the object of their 
derision, flooded on to British newstands 
.from America in the mid- 1 930s. These 
imported periodicals, at giveaway prices 
with gaudy covers and racy stories, were 
irresistible to the young - and anathema to 

Orwell's famous criticism appeared in 
.his essay on boys' weeklies, in which he 
compared the “jump-on-his- testicles” sty le 
of prose of the pulps with the gentler, less 
extravagant style of Frank Richards in The 
Gem and Magnet. 

But 30 years ago many celebrated 
authors were pleased to see their work in 
the speckled pages of the pulps and*Har 
names blazoned on the covers - pulp, for 
pulpwood, actually applied not to the 
■ magazines' contents which could be of a 
high standard, but to the paper used, the 
cheapest then available. 

If you picked up a copy of Black Mask, 
one of the first detective story magazines, 
you might have seen the names of Dashieli 
Hammett and Raymond Chandler. 

All Hammett’s celebrated murder 
mysteries, from Red Harvest to The 
Maltese Falcon, first appeared as serials in 
that early periodical Chandler started 

Love them or hate them, 
pulp novels captured the 
imagination of a generation 

writing for the pulps when he lost his 
accountant's job. He wrote his first story 
after reading one by $. $. Van Dine which 
he thought he could better. Others who 
started their literary careers in the pulps 
include Tennessee W illiams, Edgar Rice 
Burroughs, Upton Sinclair and William 

But whether written by the famous or 
quickly forgotten the stories had to be 
presented in machine-gun prose with a 
beginning, middle and end. Heroes were 

Clean CUt and villains nnmistalcah lp 

Backgrounds were sharply drawn and 
authentic, dialogue brief and to die point, 
technical details explicit and correct. 

There was a variety of categories, the 
most popular being detectives and 
Westerns with science-fiction, sports, war, 
adventure, the supernatural and romantic 
following it closely behind. The big 
attraction was the gaudy, shocking cover - 
often having little relevance to the story 
within but of some scene typical of the 

By 1935. in their heyday, there were 
between two and three hundred pulp titles 
on the stands and possibly as many as 800 
appearing over the years with titles ranging 

across the adjectives applicable to the 
subject - Mammoth Western, Baffling 
Detective, etc. As many as 50 assorted 
detecti ve/mystery titles were on sale at any 
one time. 

It was the war which killed off the pulps. 
Paper shortage has been blamed but it was 
probably their unwieldy coupled with 
the rise of the smalle r and more 
sophisticated paper-backed novel that did 
it -and of course TV delivered the coup de 
grace. Educators, self-appointed moral 
gimirijan^ and many parents were gt*<t to 
sec them go. regarding their vivid, lurid 
covers - particularly those with titles tike 
Wierd Stories, Terror Tales and Saucy 
.Stories - as immoral, perverted rubbish. 

By today’s standards the majority appear 
innocuous, even innocent. In a pre-TV, 
Reithian wireless age they stimulated a lot 
of young minds, broadened narrow 
horizons and gave many youngsters their 
first and lasting appreciation of literature. 

F. H. Winstanley 

Pulps maybe obtained from: Vintage Magazine 
Shop, 39 Brewer Street London Wl; Putp 
Preservers, 57 Norfolk Street. Cambridge CB1 
2LD; Black HOI Books, The Wain House, Black 
w*. Ckmton, Craven Arms, Shropshire, SY7 
OJD advertisement columns of tne Book and 
Magazine CoilectorexvS Exanga & Mart: book 
fairs advertised In local papers and Exchange & 
Mart Prises range from £3-£5, VWf*i rare 
examples up to £20. 

- mm* :■ 

- ■■ 

"Y * V’ -Vf- ' ■•■■■■ •‘Sf— / ■ 

-w- yI’l -Y ' : : : 

’ "r'*' w * 

V 7 ~ 

pY-; > ‘V 

I x ’Y. 

ff <; ’■ •• "'“’../‘'Vi. - ’* 

■ • ; - * : *Vi "1 m&k 

•y. : -|yvY" yy*. 

,&p -SP 

y:.Y-4>V'.y/ ' Y. 

■ SK 

P3J £ ? 

Irresistible: palp fiction’s gaudy covers and racy stories stflTattract young readers as they did in the 1930s 




Lwon'a Cypig»s byJBFctdi 

•; tips for 

Gone are the dpys when orchids 
'were considered so delicate they 
' could not be touched by anyone 
except experts. 

- - To grow orchids needs only a 
small heated greenhouse but 
high temperatures are not 
always necessary. They can be 
grown in a conservatory 2 nd a 
number of forms can be grown 
in the home. Some require 
warmth, some need sun while 

others need shade. Humidity is , 

usually vital Odontoglossum ‘Royal W edding 

Orchids are difficult to it is better to allow the plants to 
. propagate from seed. The plants become pot-bound. The best 
do not grow in ordinary soil but time to re-pot is in the spring, 
in organic composts. A good A good choice is Odontoglos- 
general mixture is Sphagnum sum grande, known as the 
■■ peat with coarse sand in a ratio down orchid, which can be 
of around 70 to 30. I always brought into the home to 

• add lumps of charcoal 10 keep flower. A first-rate hybrid 
the compost sweet You can orchid is Vuvlstekeara, a result 

. also add pulverized baric. The of Dutch hybridizing. The form 
composts must be free draining “Cambria Plush” is a lovely pot 
as the plants do not like plant 
sta n ding in water. The cymbidiums are prob- 

Plunge the whole pot in a ably the best known. They make 
bucket about twice a week, but big plants when mature, so need 
be guided by conditions. Water- greenhouse space, 
ing and feeding always go Finally there are the Pleiones, 
together. A soluble fertilizer is different in that they are hardy 
required like Phostrogen. for and will grow outside in 
example, which can be applied sheltered spots as well as 
when watering is necessary. greenhouses with little or no 
Division of mature plants heat 
depends on variety and as a rule ASiUey otepheDSOD 

Forgotten foliage »■!■*» 

Lawson’s Cypress has become a 

• virtually neglected tree since the tGj&Sj 3 wT I 

introduction of Cupressocyparis H tf UjjJ' l 

layiandB or Leyland's Cypress. It Wf?.® U J mW ff 

has rich dark green foliage. Is % £ 1M a V 

reasonably fast growing and is ^ nu yy 

easily propagated. g 3 J6 

Thera are a variety of suitable sites v « & 

hr hie garden and it can be used as W $ 4t 

ahedging plant It win tolerate iv*' jag? 

dipping ft you do not go too deep I# 

into old wood. A pair of secateurs 

is best and regular c&pplng is S^S TSSff 

re^^d^prelwably^n August Cut 

• so the tree can make r?ew growth^ 

Chamaecyparls lawsoniana Is its Xfj 

correct name and there is a wealth Tf 

■ of forms; it will grow in excess of M • 

• 100ft and win produce a columnar // 

tree. C taBurrmte even tighter in if 

. growth and more glaucous in ff 

colour. : " 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two correct 
solutions opened on Thursday. January 16 1986. Entries should be 
.addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Competition, 12 Coley Street 
London WC99 9YT. The winners and solution will be announced on 
Saturday. January 18 1986. _ 

X Orient route finder Lgj ^ LgJ* 1 

IX Racedrcnitf3) Bgj na| Esj 11 EH 

.13 ^remgete ^W - 

23 Small stones (4) a PtbJ 

25 Lair (3) | | | BM BH HH I 

28 Free (3) H FBFH H 

W Stroi^faJiDg (7) b — I I jS L-J I fl ll I 

2 Coral circle (5) ^ — P*T — "Pr — !“ tbJ 

3 Bird nail (4) Hfl I I | I <1 1 1 1 1 

5 SiaS^uS r ifly?4) 4) SOLUTION TO No 845 

6 sS?Sw7) ACROSS: 1 Wallop 5 Sprawl 8 Rip 9Tbwxto 

7 Crimea nurse ( 1 11 10 Extend 11 Mesa 12 Abrasion 14 Peddle 

i^piSJiJy 19Mal de mer 22Gist 24 filthy 

Hrinum 25 Abated 26 Bod 27 Encore 28 Elders 

12 Canvas roof (61 DOWN: 2 Acute 3 Leeward 4Pro&ne 5 Spear 

14 Make firm (3 ) ' 6 Rales 7 Winsome 13 Awe 15 Evasion IfiLie 

15 iStoSSte reptile 17 Pervade 18 Laggard 20 Ditto 21 Maybe 

(6) 23 Steer 

19 Event (7) The winners of prize concise No 840 are: • 

20 Relay stage (3) RevP. Woodhall, The Rectory, St Mary’s, Iik of 

24 Role (5) SciQy; and Mis E. Nosh, 25 Connaught Road,: 

.25 Beloved (4) Harpenden, Herts. 

Z36 Current events (4) 

^3 Terrible fete (4) ■ I 

■'SOLUTION TO No 840 (last Saturday’s prize concise) 

^ACROSS: 1 Non sequitur 9 Maestri 10. Lance II Tie 13 Tier 36 Brie 
.11 Apiece 18 Envy 20 Wept 21 Hassle 22 Eats 23 Data 25 Sop 
<-28 North 29 Recluse 30 Interpreter 

“DOWN; J. Oxeye 3 Site 4 Quit 5 Isle 6 Unnerve 7 Smithereens 
8 Fenestrated 12 In case 14 Ray 15 Mikado 19 Veteran 20 Wed 
24 Abuse 25 Shoe 26 Prop 27 Aar 

Name — — — — — 

Address. — — 

15 Mikado 19 Veteran 20 Wed 

Rough but ready 
for the catch 

In the autumn one of the rntgor 
fly fishing magazines listed 
more than 30 still waters winch 
will stay open for angling 
throughout the winter. Another 
eight can be fished until 
February or March. 

It is only a few seasons since 
that same magazine marvelled 
at the novelty of fishing through 
the winter and listed a mere 
handful of lakes which were 
available. This year there is 
every sign that the number open 
will hare increased yet again. 

The waters include not only 
some of the new fisheries which 
hare opened to meet the boom 
in the sport but older, more 
established lakes with repu- 
tations founded on seasons of 
high quality fishing. 

In the days when fly fishing 
was largely restricted to the 
rivers and brown trout - 
breeding in the autumn/win ter 
months - such a development 
would have been unthinkable. 
But the pressure for more 
fishing, the recognition that 
rainbows - and other hybrids - 
can be fished all year round and 
the economics of running 
still waters have changed the 
fishing calendar. 

The river angler will have to 
make do with grayling or stalk 
salmon runs but the lake angler 
has a wealth of choice providing 
he will put up with the winter 
weather vagaries and rough 

That phrase is no journalistic 
hyperbole. Some years ago a few 
days after Christmas I fished an 


lectures this week, given by 
ornithologist Joyce Pope: today, 
“Man the Artist , In which images 
found in the caves of France and 
northern Spain are discussed, with 
illustrations; on Tues "Birds In 
Winter” - how they prepare for and 
endure the cold and how you can 
help; on Thurs “Giants of the Past” 
- illustrated lecture on the 
Information to be derived from 

Natural History Museum, South 
Kensington, London SW7 (01 -589 
6323). Today, 3pm; Tues, 2J30pm; 
Thurs, 3pm. All free- 

paintings of the largest and one of 
the most active European 
volcanoes plus a display of work by 
vuicanologlst Dr Christopher 

Essex water where the ice had to 
be broken with fallen branches. 
During the day the milky sun 
gave way to clouds of snow and 
the water almost vanished in 
the showers. 

In such circumstances the 
most important tackle will be 
on the angler's back. It is worth, 
taking a leaf from the coarse 
fisherman’s book and buying 
warm winter wear. Although fly 
fishing is more active than 
coarse fishing it is still difficult 
to keep warm even on the move 
round a lake. 

Most coarse fishermen use 
mittens but the fly angler will 
.find they get wet and un- 
comfortable because of the line 
of retrieve. The main technique 
is to use a sinking line and lures. 

Often these need to be nothing 
more involved than a Baby Doll 
in bright colours which can 
tempt a hungry trout on the 
bleakest of days; once the 
angler has struck a shoal the 
takes can be fast and furious 
like winter grayling fishing. 

A study of prices shows that 
the fisheries give little con- 
cession for the shorter winter 
days. So it is worth making an 
early start to get as much fishing 
as possible. 

Stewart Tendler 

A Hat of winter fishing sites was 
Included In autumn editions of 
Trout Fisherman. It may also be 
worth consulting your local water 
authority who wflf also know which 
main stiSwaters are ooen. 

Geological Museum. CromwBH 
Road. London SW7 (01-589 6323). 
Tues- Feb 18, Mon-Sat 10am-6pm, 
Sun 2J30-6pm. Free. 


More than 130 tour operators and 
travel companies from the UK and 
abroad. Entertainment includes a 
roller skating rink, holiday fashion 
show, jazz, country and western 
and steel bands, Bulgarian 
dancers, song and dance troupes 
from the Rheinland, an exhibition of 
tropical butterflies and -today only 
at 3pm - a chimpanzee's tea party. 
National Exhibition Centre, 
Birmingham, West Midlands. For 
more details telephone 021 
7804171. Today, tomorrow. 1 0am- 
8pm. Adult £1, child 50p. 

Opportunity for young enthusiasts 
to watch crews and individuals 
demonstrating the art, or if they 
wish, to take part. The event has 
been organized by breakdance 
crews. ) 

Festival Hall, Corby Town Centra. j 
Corby, Northants. For more detafls < 

A brilliant explosion 

ACROSS: 1 Wallop 5 Sprawl 8 Rip 9 Tuxedo 
10 Extend 11 Mesa 12 Abrasion 14 Peddle 
17 Pellet 19 Mai de mer 22 Gist 24 Filthy 
25 Abated 26 Bud 27 Encore 28 Elders 
DOWN: 2 Acute 3 Leeward 4 Profene 5 Spear 
6 Rues 7 Winsome 13 Awe 15 Evasion 16 Lie 
17 Pervade 18 Laggard 20 Ditto 21 Maybe 
23 Steer 

The winners of prize concise No 340 are: • 

Rev P. Woodhall, The Rectory, St Mary’s, Isle of 
SciQy; and Mrs £. Nosh, 25 Connaught Road, : 
Harpenden, Harts. 


Solution to the Christmas Jumbo Crossword of Saturday December 21. n n 3 a 
jnn^nyn aiTPWsiwEnnfs 
IT. r=v F5.--3. I TV* -=3 3 •■■a H ? H 

■ tvnnnnw 

aa '-rn E3 n u w 

in H *4 « ^ " FI 

s -m ; n r. n ^ 

IT ir-:.-.Tr t. n : s 13 * .75 h 
, 3T wssssi «?nnrr 

it n n n a r m n t 

-^oaTOBnBi 1 nTnnnT?; 
n [3;H (T: % : 1 3 0 ff 

.7 ^ T; n !■ ■!?■ S ^ i jr 


In » ^ x n □ n 

is: n i n n 3 T :_ n 5 r n n r 

^enisni wsnTnTT wsrann 

r t n n-n r 

The winners of The Times Jumbo Crossword Competition 
published on December 21 arc Mr J. A. Emerson, Somh Oif£ 
Bexhill-on-Sea, R- P. Dulling, Windsor Avenue, Slopton, North 
Yorks, Mrs J. A. Lambert, Dormans Park, East Grinsteart, S. J. 
McWatters, Edgar Road, Windiester, Mrs V. Powell, Harrington 
Road, Brighton. Each will receive £50. 

Wading game: on watch in Burnham Overy, Norfolk. 
Stillwater sites for winter fishing are increasing. 

telephone Sue Nathan (0536 
745873). Today 2-6pm. Admission 


of an ancient custom, previously 
enacted on the flret Tuesday after 
Plough Sunday, in which 
ploughboys dressed up as straw, 
bears and asked tor alms. Today 
you can stiB see “straw bears" plus 
a procession of dancers - morns 
and dog - street entertainers, a 
down and hot potato stalL The 
local museum is open ffom 10am- 
noon, 2 -4pm. 

Whittlesey Marketplace, 
Whittlesey, near Peterborough, 
Cambs. For more details telephone 
0733 203608. Today, 1 0-30am-late 
afternoon. Free. 

CONGRESS: Fourteen players 
competing In the Grand Master 
Tournament which finishes 
tomorrow. Spectators are . 
welcome. Afl the usual hotel - 
facilities are available. 

Queen s Hotel, Sea Front, 

Hastings, East Sussex. For more 
details telephone 0424 43681 0. 

Si||||*SjWr Wafawy Island.. 
PRaSr Distance: 10 mSes 

NSr If I Appear to have 
■^got myself and this 
fr cohmu stuck in Cumbria, I 
make no apologies for it ' 
There is no better wallring 
country, nor for that matter 
any which boasts a greater 
variety. Isle of Walney is an ■ 
unexpected strip of land across 
the bridge to the west of the 
shipbuilding town of Barrow-i 
in-Furness, a landscape of 
sand and saftmarsh as flat as a 

We hare no option but to 
enter it at Vickeretown (named- 
after the great boat construc- 
tion company), a place which 
stiD bespeaks its total depen- 
dence on a single isdastxy. On 
the skyline is the skeleton of 
the half-bnOt shed in which 
the Trident submarines will be 

They recede as we task left 
and southwards on the mad to . 
Bigg&r, a tittle village which T 
seems to rise from the very: 1 
sea. Beyond ' this is . almost 
perfect desertion. .Broken fenc- 
es, windblown- tussocks, chan- ■' 
uel markers **pnfe»*» into the 
grey reach of sea between 
omsehes and the mainland. 

Tomorrow, 9.30an>4L30pm, first 
session, and thereafter to the 
finish. Adult £1 , chDd 50p. 

opportunity for collectors to bring 
their own specimens to "The 
Human Story” exhibition where 
experts from the Natural History 
Museum wil help identify them and 
answer questions. 

Commonwealth Institute, Art 
Gallery, Kensington High Street, 
London W8 (01^03 4535). Every 
weekend in Jan, Sat ^ 1 aro-4pm. 
Sun 2-5pm. Adult £1 , chad 50p. 

POLES APART: Excellent 
production by the Molecuie Theatre 
of Science for Children, both 
entertaining and educational, In 
which 7 to Tl -year-olds can 
discover die ' ‘magical" properties 
of magnetism. 

Bloomsbury Theatre, Gordon 
Street, London WC1 (01-387 9629). 
Tues, 10.15am and 1.45pm; Wed- 
Thurs, 10.15am; Fri, 10.15am and 
1.45pm; Jan 18, 11am. Tickets El. 

Judy Froshang 


• .The road sires out and there 
h nsfliiag left bid the bird 
Mnrtnaiy, the hmriy white 
pepperpot of a lighthouse on 
the southern tip, aad thc sea. 
To the east how is Pfellalahd, , 
with its old castife and rim 
down inn. 

.. AlagFriudis 

Great games of the past 
a gem from Botvmnik 
in our occasional series 

As worid champjon from 1S>48 
to 1963 (with two interraptioiis 
in 1957-58 and 1960-61), 
Mikhail Botvinnik played many 
brilliant ^mes. So it may seem 
strange to . illustrate his skill 
with one from 1968. just two 
years before his official retire- 
ment from competitive chess at 
the age of 57. However, this win 
against Portisch deserves to be 
ranked with,, or even above, his 
more famous victory over 
Capablanca at. AVRO, 30 years 
eariiec . 

. Throughout his long and 
distinguished career, Botvinnik 
evinced a penchant for the 
English Opening (1 P-QB4) for 
White, and for Black the related 
variations of die Sicilian De- 
fence, the Dragon and _ the - 
Accelerated Fianchetto. . .. 

In this masterpiece against 
the - Hungarian Grandmaster, 
Botvinnik. demonstrates that 
the positional pressure in the* 
Queen’s Bishop file, normally 
associated with these variations, 
can lead to remarkable diversi- 
fication - of combinational 
energy. • 

White: Botvinnik. Black: 
Portisch. Monaco, 1968. Eng- 
lish Opening. - 

1 P-GB4 WH 
3 P-KN3 P-04 

SMB . 8-n 

7 OO H-ta 
11 NOR4 WdS 
IS Ortl R-K1 ‘ 


4 PxP NxP 


5 IM 23 B-K2 

10 B-KS 0-0 

This move betrays a fundamen- 
tally. incorrect attitude towards 
the problem of defence. The KR 

should remain, for the inomenL 
on KBI. while; Black concen- 
trates on . . . P-KJJ4, -followed 
by ...B<33 or... B-KB3. tak- 
ing his share of, central com- 

u n -82 umt : is omw iMmi 
Black threatens - complete 
consolidation with . 16 ... P- 
QB3 (after which Botvinmk’s 
pieces would zll be marooned 
cm absurd squares) and Portisch 
doubtless believed that T6 RxP 
-was impossible, since the Rook 
could never escape. In fact, after 
16 RxP B-B3 I7 R/7xB NxR. 
White has compensation for the 
exchange and : the chances 
would bebalariced. ~ 
is «w>; sas : Y w a/tau . 

It looks insane, since the Rook 
on QB7- is still trapped, but to 
quote Botvinnik himself: “In 
reality this Rook has a decisive 
pajt to play in the attack. By 
eliminating . Black’s Queen's 
Bishop, White gains control of 
the central tight squares." 
i7_Y. .■ m u naan 
What makes this sacrifice- so 
impressive (apart from the feci 
that it was completely iraexpfc- 
ted) is the brilliant explbsiou.of 
the combinative energy arising 
from quietly k^ical strategic 
play- . . w 

IS ... ■ ‘ HB 

Or 18. KxR 19 Q^QB4cb K- 
N3 20 Q-N4ch K-B22 1 N-N5ch 
K-Nl 22 Q-B4ch K-RI 23 N- 
B7ch. Blade's 18th move is to 

is two dm as omen mu 

21 IHW am 22 IHHOts K-R2 ' 

2SWK4 8-03 MNMM 

2S SxPeh K-NZ as HtfeNmaJpa. 

Because 26... KxB 27 Q- 

R4ch K-N2 28 Q-R7ch K.-B3 29 
N-N4ch K-K3 30 QxQ. 

Raymond Keen 


On the brink in Brazil 

Two men and a woman, 
huddled together at the back of 
a capacity audience in the 
Marsoud Plaza Hotel, S&o 
Paulo, were on tenterhooks as 

the drama unfolded . 

_ Nicola Smith, one of our 
victorious women’s was 
an exhilarated if neutral -spec- 
tator. Peter Pender, a member 
of the American team, was 
condemned to watch iropo- 
tently as his team mates 
struggled. Hie thud was Alan 
Truscott, the bridge correspon- 
dent of the New York Times. 
Although born in En gianrf t Alan 
has become as - Ameri can as 
bluebeny pie. But his concern 
did not stem from partiality 

Without their mercurial star, 
Gabriel Chaga s, no one i»a<j 
given Brazil a chance in the 
semi-final of the Bermuda Bowl 
against the mighty Americans. 
But after 157 of the 160 hands 
the scores were dead level. 

On board 158 the Brazilians 
rained six IMPs. Loud cheers 
from the partisan locals; an- 
guished silence from Truscott 
and Pender. On boaid^I 59 
Brazil had the chance to put the 
issue beyond doubt, but to 
gnwns^frpm the audience they, 
overbid^ conceding tbe.six IMPs 
they had jum gained au square 

one board to play. 

Board 160. World Champion- 

game. Dealer South. 

t • 

7 0972 
0 Q72 . 

4 83 

f J.10 S 

1 A9* 3 

♦ <110994 


Closed room. 

♦ 10S7B4 
^ AK4 ” 
O J!0 

* AKO 


M W BnKCO«L. - P.Wco hS™, 

to - No' iSr - 

^ . No . Ho. ’ • : - : ■ 

The Americans play a stroni 
club system, so the opening bic 
and response are artificial 
Wolff miirid have raised to two 
no trumps buz elected to 
devalue his singleton 40. 
Although Hamman made; 10 
tricks, the American camp was 
resigned to imminent defeat . : - 

Open room. i 

w n ■ E 8 •"J-' 

Martal Bartx»a StansOy. CfcW* : 


No 10 No 1^ 

No- 2NT No 3NT; Y 

No No No - ; 

Barbosa-Cmtra play Preci^wv 
Having responded with * -a 
negative, Barbosa felt he must 
show some strength. If he had : 
rebid two clubs, Brazil would : 
surely have won, but he selected- 
tw> no trumps, which Chitia 
raised to game. As Stanshy' 
considered his opening lead, foe 
commentator predicted - tto 
probable outcome. - — : . 'i 

Stansby led the 05, which 
prematurely removed Barbosa's 
only entry to the clubs .*nd 
restricted him to seven tricks; 
Pender hugged - Nicola with 
relief Truscott wiped his brow7 
Anxious to meet his deadline; 
Alan had taken the risk of 
dictating his piece anticipating- 
“to result Now he would be- 
saved .the embarrassnent of 
changing it 

The final was an anti-ctimax.' 
America led throughout, ..beat-, 
ing Austria, the Europtts 
champions, by 1 10 IMPsr .... 

Jeremy FKnt 

the incredible 


j30tevBltfa<^intaMbM«ihanaMl . 
4 mw u rtaL RBwoiwuemiteflurtMr 
’““S'MSraa Vtheay imfad. 
ywr FR^copjf. posted now W«» 

■7^gT ty a »uu ai>Btgm.Draa . 

-'"3*hwilM7agag757. • . 


. rr r 




... , . 5. . 


• 4- 


. **, . . # v «v .* 

*• . . 

y:rv <v . 

4. a* r .- - 1 

% 7 . r ^-r,v; _ ; - . Ipv/W |. j 

.W;r,y i : ;J tj j • ' 


•***■’■ ■ r - - * V.£ ; ^ 

i > *£v 

Bra zili a n beauty: the dark waters of Guanabara Say, overlooked by the famous Sugar Loaf and the glittering city of Riode Janeiro 

Dancing along with the butterflies 

Some time in the - 1940s»: my- 
“ — — LL ■faiher bought a set of gilt- 
> framed pictures from a seaman 
down on his lock. It was ah 
‘f\ JT (\ y uncharacteristically impulsive 
^iU IJ l act on his pert formas a canny- 
■*• v v and efficient publican, be never •. 
• gave credit • and hard-hick 
1 T 1 A, stories didn’t pay for pints. 

A V LjKlf The pictures. arefour. views of 
Rio de Janeiro at night and, as a 
- child, I thought they were 

" L ". ’•?! magicaL A fabulous cityscape, 
,*r 5 ^ punctuated by humpbacked • 
v hills and great curving bays is 
. silhouetted against a pulsing sky 

~~ •• - ; -i fashioned from iridescent but- , 
terfly wings. Ecology did not 
count then and I didn’t feel at 
' all sorry for the hundreds of 

' : -"i Jr*^, butterflies ■ sacrificed in the 
• .rv> process. Rio haunted me and 

• v-:: y stayed in my mind as a 
: * mythical,; never-never land; as 

unlikely as the city of Oz. 

. _. r ; Arriving there at last and at 

• dawn, the remembered sil- 
houettes dreamt daddy against 
a sky slashed with orange-red 

• '.r - streaks of the rising sun. It- 

glowed just like those butterfly 
.... wings. Low, dark clouds bung 

* * over the backdrop of toothed 

— mountains. The lights of the 

j. city glittered like rhinestones in 

• trailing necklaces along the rise 
and fall of land at the edge" of 

• the sea. 

Rio is physically beautiful. It 

has the good bone struct u re of 
all true beauties. It preens in the 
sunlight and gazes on its own 
image reflected In the surround- 
ing sea. 

. From ' Corcovado hiU, .the 
panorama stretches out below 
in a 360-degree, three-dimensio- 
nal blueprint. for a harmonious 
city. The. great statue -of Christ 
the Redeemer stretches his arms 
out over halL 

Rio gazes on Its Image 
reflected In the sea 

In counterpoint, foe vision is 
returned in mirror-image from 
the famous Sugar Loaf .with its 
toes in the dark waters of 
Guanabara Bay. Two vertigin- 
ous cable car rides irom rode to 
rock and then a sea bird 1 s.view 
back over, the golden beaches 
and city, to .the mountains 
beyond. Christ, miniaturized 
now. to more manageable 
proportions and iflummated at 
dude, stands out like a Christ- 
mas tree star above the myriad 
lights of the darkening city. 

From the high places it is. 
easy to keep the feeling of myth 
and glamour. The windows of 
our. skyscraper hotel room 
looked out on to the greatxurve 
of Copacabana Beach. Golden 
sand, swirling mosaic - pave- 
ments and .rustling palm trees; 

the rhythm of Laiin-American 
dance music and the feeling of 
being part of a film set . 

Peter Fleming arrived here in 
the 1930s, all set to hunt for a 
missing British explorer in the 
furthest jangles and to write up 
his experiences hilariously in 
his Brazilian Adventure. He 
described the Rio of those days 
in terms that are just as 
applicable - today: m Rk> has 
edged in between the hills and 
the sea, and on that boldly 
chosen strip of land has met and 
trounced the jungle. She gleams 
at you complacently, a success- 
ful opportunist”; . 

. If the glamour of Rio has 
tarnished,^ it is due to that 
opportunism that bred a gor- 
geous city on' the edge of the 
jungle and then let it get out of 

It is a paradox; a laid-back, 
seemingly easygoing city of 
spectacle and hedonism, with 
music in the air. but something 


Clovis Keith travelled on a tour 
organized by Kuoni Travel, which 
has a comprehensive programme 
in Brazfl. A sample price for a 
fortnight in Rio - bed and breakfast 
-is from £617 at the cheapest time 
of year-DetaHs from Kuoni Travel, 
Kuoni House, Dorking, Surrey. 
(0306 885044). . 

darker at the edges. I thought 
the Carioca was a dance until I 
drank the local firewater called 
Cachaca and watched the action 
on Copacabana Beach. Carioca 
is the. name for those bom in 
Rib and the mistake is only a 
small one, for the inhabitants of 
the city move like dancers. 

The water is dirty and the 
swimming often unsafe, and yet 
Copacabana is fun; a theatrical 

Poverty is blatant with 
children begging 

display of movement and 
colour that begins with the first 
light of dawn and carries on 
until the darkness hides too 
much of foe display and the 
action moves to the cafes and 
bars along the waterfront. No- 
body bothers much about 
swimming anyway; they are 
there to perform and to be seen. 

Everyone jogs or exercises. It 
is hard to distinguish between 
the haves and have-nots on the 
beach, though it is easier 
elsewhere in the city. Poverty is 
blatant with the hundreds of 
ragg«l children begging or 
selling trifles, the pathetic 
derelicts cadging cigarettes, and 
even the gaudy strutting prosti- 
tutes who. parade night-time 
Copacabana like birds of para- 
dise. . 

Carnival is the yearly apogee 
of the city's energy and style, 
but it carries on in a lesser 
degree all year round in the 
spirited and varied nightlife and 
the daily spectacle on the 

Of course there is also much 
more. Not far from Rio, and 
visible from Corcovado. are the 
strange hill resorts with names 
like Petropolis and Teresopolis, 
once the summer residences of 
past Portuguese emperors; aJ- 
Iong the coasts are quiet, less 
developed beaches and offshore 
islands to explore, and behind 
are the forests of the green 

They still make butterfly- 
pictures in Rio. Modern ver- 
sions in bright metal that make 
my father's pictures seem rich 
and subtle by contrast. An 
English resident of the city told 
us that they often use dyed 
onion skins now instead of real 
butterflies, and the thought was 
consoling. He also told us how a 
gigantic butterfly had stopped 
the traffic in Copacabana that 
very afternoon. It had fluttered 
among the cars swarming along 
a busy highway until the drivers 
stopped to stare. Our friend 
followed it on foot for some way 
until it disappeared above the 

Clovis Keith 


•7'Fare deals 

For the past few years flying to 1 
Latin America has ; been - a 
buyer's market. Throughout 
much of the year there are more 
seals than passengers and the 
law of supply and demand has 
meant bargains galore. 

Last year, in a route swap for 
its Saudi Arabian services; 

' British Airways took on; the 
South Atlantic routes to Rio de : 
Janeiro and Sao Paulo and the 
._ mid-Atlantic ones to Caracas 
'and Bogota from British Calc- 
-donian. To make the bucket 
: shop rales less attractive. BA 
■ launched cheaper , excursion 
r feres. To Rio de Janeiro and 
: Sao Paulo, BA. now sells new 

Instant Purchase (PEX) f feres 
while to Caracas and Bogota ; 
there are both PEX and APEX 
(Advance Purchase Excursion) 
rates. In addition there are other 
more expensive excursion rates 
which allow up to two stopovers • 
for a nominal surcharge. 

The PEX fere to Rio costs 
£635 . and to SAo Paulo £655. 
Tickets are valid for stays of 
between 13 and. 60 days^ The', 
excursion . rates are £1,242 and 
£1,269: respectively, they are, 
-valid for -14 to '60 days and 
stopovers cost. 540 (£28) each. 
To Bogota ana Caracas, the 
PEX feres 1 are £595 and £570 
and APEX (book 21 days 
ahead) £520 and £495 respect- * 
-ively. Both allow stays of 14 to 
45 days. The excursion rates are 

••The service 
was so prafesstanal 
that I felt if I had left 

door they would, have 

£898 for .Bogota and £881 for 
Caracas mid allow stays of 
between. .14 - and 90 days. 
Stopovers cost $30 (£21) each. 

Despite BA’s more realistic 
feres the. unofficial discount 
deals are still cheaper and less 
restrictive.. The cheapest rates 
are for. airlines flying over 
indirect routings; direct or non- 
stop . flights axe : the most 
expensive: But in any case only 
a limited number of desti- 
nations can be reached direct 
from London - for the others 
you will have to change planes 

It is a specialized part of the 
world so it pays to book through 
one of several Latin American 
flight brokers - companies that 
understand the market For 
example, Steamond Ltd - a 
leading London-based agent for 
airlines like BA/KLM/Iberia/ 
Swi&sair - is quoting the 
following discounted rates for 
travel until the end of February. 
Most excursion rates are valid 
for stays of between five and 90 
days while yearly tickets are 
valid for between one and 365 
days. All feres are subject to 
change. " 

On the Sooth Atlantic routes; 
Recife: excursion for £610. Rio 
de Janeiro: excursion £610 for 
non-stpp flights or £590 via 
Amsterdam or Madrid with 
yearly feres costing £660. S3o 
Paulo: excursion £630 for direct 
flights, £615 via Amsterdam/ 
Madrid and £660 yearly. Bue- 
nos Airts/Monte video; excur- 
sion £669,-yearly £750 both via 

On the midr Atlantic rentes: 
Caracas: direct flight excursion 
from £420'. Bogota: excursion 
; via Caracas for £445 or £468 for 
direct flights. Lima: excursion 
| via Amsterdam for £51 7. Quito: 

Mountain destination: the magnificent Inca ruins of 
Machupicchu in the Peruvian Andes 
excursion via Amsterdam for your ticket and treat it as you 
£463. All these excursion rates would cash. If it is stolen - 

are via Caracas: La Paz/Lima 
for £470, Quito/Guayaquil 

especially if it is a discounted 
one - you will experience 
difficulty gelling prompt re- 

Discoumed feres restrict you placement. Some airlines take 
to one. destination and no more than a year to rc-issue/re- 
siopovers are allowed. If you fund lost or stolen tickets - and 
want to include other desti- they will only do so if they have 
nations, you will either have to not been used in the meantime, 
pay the full yearly fere (often And a one-way ticket home will 

two lo three times more than 
the discounted rate) or the BA 
excursion rate. 

Air travel within Latin 

cost almost £1,000. Discounted 
fares are difficult to obtain in 
Latin America. 

So it is worth patronizing a 

America is very expensive and 

if vou nre a foreigner the fl, S hl si** 18115 ! ralher l . han an 
chances « fiieaS Jfi? JFS 

make you pay locally in US 

dollars. For example, you can airlines. Before inning with 

fly from London to Bogota for 

£445 or to Rio for £590 return hurdle T*? 1 

...yet a one-way ticket between ^ agents telex/iele- 

BogotA and Rio costs almost phone numbers. ^ ^ 


Woman who built a 
Warning on Portuguese empire 


$600 (£422). 

Theft is a hazard for travel- 
lers to Latin America, insure 

Alex McWhirter 

The author is Travel Editor of 
Business Traveller. 

7 wik&f 

: Isfanbul City breaks ■ Aegean Resorts - 2 centre 
-Holidays -Coach tours ■ Mediterranean ■ Fly/Drive 
Allin 1 986 brochure from the Turkfeh specialist 

Tel: 01-7344386. (24 hrs) . 
lelebrity Holidays IS Frith Street, London W1 

The Romance 
of the Metro 


*.**■■« * % * IT. * *■ *, 


m TF i ¥i i Tri 

‘MedallionHolidays ; 



Record holiday sales before 
Christmas may lead to a 
shortage of last-minute bargains 
during the coming summer, 
operators and travel agents 
warned this week. 

Lunn Poly, which has 200 
branches throughout the coun- 
try, estimates that by the 
beginning of this month, 
800,000 more holidays had 
been sold than at the same time 
last year, while its own bookings 
were up by 340 per cent The 
company forecasts that there 
may be a shortage of apartment 
holidays and two-star and three- 
star Spanish hotel accommo- 
dation and adds that late-book- 
ing discounts will be far fewer 
than they were last year. 

Another company, Unijet, 
which specializes in flight-only 
holidays, expects a shortage of 
low-cost charter seats to Medi- 
terranean destinations during 
the summer. It says several 
major tour operators are re- 
stricting seat sales on peak 
s umm er flights because hotel 
packages are selling so well. 

Meanwhile, Thomas Cook is 
opening nearly 300 of its 414 
travel agencies each Sunday 
throughout January to cater for , 
the expected rush to buy ! 

Flight safeguards 

The Civil Aviation Authority is 
clamping down on abuses of its 
air travel organizers* licensing 
system which could leave 
passengers unprotected in the 
event of a company’s collapse. 

The CAA says it has un- 
covered several instances over 
the past year where passengers 
have lost their holidays after a 
company's collapse, but have- 
been unable to claim a refund 
under the bonding system 
because of licensing irregu- 
larities. In some of these cases a 
licensed operator had sub-char- 
tered seats to an unlicensed 
company which subsequently 

Tne authority has told oper- 
ators that their agents must 
make it clear to travellers which 
licence-holder their contracts 
are made with. It is also 
planning spot-checks at airports 
this month to ensure that the 
regulations are being observed. 

Cheap child fares 

Trans World Airlines is offering 
a flat-rate transatlantic fere of 
£99 return for children under 
18. The fare is available to all 
TWA's 66 destinations in the 
USA and can be booked up to 
January 31 for travel any time 
before March 14. The fere 
requires at least one adult to 
accompany up to two children. 

• A new car-ferry route 
between Portsmouth and Caen 
will be launched by Brittany 
Femes in June. It will be 
operated by the 9367-ton Doc 
de Normandie, with capacity for ! 
1,500 passengers and 345 cars. 

Falklands tours 

Escorted 20-day tours to the 
Falkland Islands are planned by 
T wickers World towards the 
end of this year. Flights will be 
direct to Port Stanley and 
accommodation will be in 
newlv-built tourist lodges. Visits 
will be made to important bird- 
nesting colonies and to other 
wildlife sites. Expected cost is 
£2,500. Information: 01-892 

Highland spin 

Guided tours of the Scottish 
Highlands and Islands on 
classic motorcycles like the 
Triumph Tbunderbird or the 
Norton Dominator are to be 
operated from April by Glas- 
gow-based Gassic Motorcycle 
Tours. Groups of seven motor- 
cyclists. accompanied by a 
support van. have the choice of 
two 600-mile routes starting 
from Glasgow. 

The six-night tours are 
restricted to clients aged 25 or 
older and cost from £250 for 
those using their own _ motor- 
cycles or £395 with hire of a 
machine included. Information: 
041 332 1292. 

Silver lining 

Tjaereborg. which sells package 
holidays aired to the public, is 
offering diems buying summer 
holidays on Cyprus a £10 refund 
for every day that the sun fails to 

Bermnda blooms 
Bermuda has launched a new 
campaign to upgrade its holiday 
facilities. The island's Ministry 
of Tourism is introducing a new 
hotel grading system and has 
also announced a £50m hold 
renovation and refurbishment 
programme. British Airways is 
to operate direct flights to 
Bermuda four 1 times weekly 
from April. 

Star treatment 

Britain's best-known astron- < 
omer, Patrick Moore, will be 
the guest lecturer on a tour to 
Bali to view Halley’s comet 
which win be operated by P&O 
Air Holidays. The seven-night 
holiday costs £725 and departs 
from Gatwick on March 17. 
The price includes accommo- 
dation, a half-day sightseeing 
tour and talks by Patrick 

Philip Ray 

Petra picture 

The picture of the facade of Ed 
Deir at Petra, Jordan, published 
last week, was incorrectly 
described as the forum at 

Her presence is everywhere. I 
felt it in Oporto when looking 
through her faded yellow letters 
and documents, and later at 
lunch, with a spectacular view 
of the mighty Douro and 
Oporto's confusion of churches 
and red-tiled houses. But it is in 
her dark spartan bedroom at the 
Quinta do Meao, overlooked by 
the little hilltop chapel of 
Senhor do Monte in the wild 
enchanted beauty of the Douro 
that the presence of Dona 
Antonia Adelaide Ferreira is at 
its most powerful. Downstairs 
her portrait with its hooded 
eyes, aquiline nose and kindly 
yet determined expression con- 
firms the feeling: it was here in 
the Douro that Dona Antonia 
lived and belonged. 

Even by today's standards 
she was a remarkable woman. 
She was born in 1811 into a 
respected port wine farming 
family. By the time she died 85 
years later, she was acknowl- 
edged as the richest woman in 
Portugal, had founded a hospi- 
tal and other charitable insti- 
tutions and increased the family 
holdings and fortunes from 
three farms to more than 30. 

Dona Antonia's first husband 
was her cousin, a weak-willed 
pleasure-seeker whom she was 
happy to leave in Oporto after a 
year to return to her beloved 
peaceful Douro. When he died 
in Paris, just 10 years after their 
marriage. Dona Antonia did not 
retreat into widowhood but 
instead, with her father's help, 
consolidated the family busi- 
ness. After his death, using her 
own considerable business 
prowess and flair, she gradually 
expanded her port wine empire 
into a powerful concern that 
today still owns considerable 
land and property in the Douro. 

New farms were built 
and thousands of 
pipes of port were made 

Apart from her business 
acumen and strong personality. 
Dona Antonia was obviously a 
courageous and independent 
woman. In 1853 she fled lo 
England with her two children 
to prevent the President of 
Portugal, who was no doubt 
attracted by her wealth, from 
marrying his son to her 

In exile. Dona Antonia 
sensibly married her daughter 
to the wealthy Count of 
Azambuja and. perhaps even 
more astutely still, was married 
herself, to the manager of her 
estate. Francisco da Silva 
Torres. On her return to 
Portugal and aided by her 
husband, the busiest and most 
energetic period of her life now 
began; more new farms for 
quintas) were built, old ones 
were restored and thousands of 
pipes of port were made and 
sold all over the world. 

Today in Portugal both the 
house of Ferreira, now run by 

Powerful presence: Dona 

Antonia Adelaide Ferreira 
the eighth generation of the 
family, and its wines are 
affectionately known as Ferrei- 
rinha (or little Ferreira) in 
honour of Dona Antonia. 
Ferreira makes a complete 
range of wood and vintage ports 
which, like those of the other 
Portuguese houses, are lighter 
and tend to mature faster than 
those of the English port firms. 

Ferreira to my mind pro- 
duces soft sweet raisin y ports 
typified perhaps appropriately 
enough by its Dona Antonia 
Personal Reserve whose raisiny, 
almost chocolatey. nose and 
taste would make an inexpen- 
sive winter-warmer (Arthur 
Rack ham and Threshers, 
£5.99). Better still is its new 
introduction, the Ferreira LBV 
1 930. Its mature ganiei red 
colour and big rich spicy nose 
with an assertive yet elegant 
raisiny taste is. as our blind 
Christmas fortified wine tasting 
proved, one of the best LBV 
ports available (Arthur Rack- 
ham and Threshers, £6.49). 

Ferreira's Quinta do Porto, 
its 10-year-old tawny, named 
after the beautifully restored 
estate that ties on the north side 
of the Douro, is another good 
example of the Ferreira style 
with its smoky nose and slightly 
simplistic taste (Arthur Rack- 
ham and Threshers. £7.99). I 
much prefer the 20-year-old 
Duque de Braga nca whose pale 
amber-orange colour, tobacco 
bouquet and luscious smoky 
raisiny palate is much admired 
by the Portuguese (Arthur 
Rackham and Threshers. 

The vintage ports do not 
always come out well in blind 
tastings when they are young 
but a wonderful exception is 
definitely going to be Ferreira’s 
glorious 1978 vintage. With its 
rich violet scent and almond- 
like taste it is definitely worth 
seeking out when it comes over 
here next year. 

Jane MacQuiUy 

So much more 
resides the sea 

L 5 lfi ^. 

v WITH A • RAILTOUfc .t 

. V - • ••• ■ . ; -X. V v. 

KsJ.4 4 J 93 } & l J.; A 1 Q £ > Sv w J 

There’s so much more to 
enjoy when you choose a DB 
Inclusive Rail Tour to 
Germany or Austria. 

• HOSPITAL TTY There* a warm 
welcome waiting for you at all 
of our friendly hotels and 
guest houses. 

• FREEDOM Excellent range of 
resorts and Two Centre 
Holidays in our largest ever 
pnagrammme - kidud ing 
beautiful Rhine Valley. 

Bavarian Alps, even Austria. 

m FLEXIBILITY Daily departures 
for short breaks or 7,10 or 14 
nights stays - even Tailor Made 

• RELIABILITY We offer you a 

comfortable journey on 
modem, reliable train services 
to aB holiday centres. 

week in the Rhine Milley incL 
travel from London and 
South East from 1125. Superb 
Regional Rail Rover tickets for 
10 days unlimited travel only 
£27 for a whole family. 

For the adventurous there's 
also the DB tourist Card 
offering unlimited travel 
throughout West Germany. 
Price; start from as little as 
£44 for 4 days. 9 and 16 day 
Cards are also available. 
Complete the coupon and 
send for full details now 

DB Rad loirs, 18 Conduit Street, London W1R 9TD. 


Address — 

[German Federal Railway 

Deurschr*' Buna^bvhn :■ - . . • 

I QJPSPI -<l Q5PSI-1I rtvnirtl o«-NOI</il ■*»l ciMffli r\tot/imi -jiomu 



Classical records 


response to 
divine dictate 

Bach: Cello suite* Maisky. DG 415 
41 6-2 (three CDs, also three LPs. 
two cassettes) 

Bach: CeRo sonatas Maisky, 
Afgerich. DG 415 471-2 (CD, also 
LP and cassette) 

LP and cassette) 

Mozart Violin sonatas Grumlaux, 
Kl»n. Philips 412 141-2 (four CDs, 
also five LPs, three cassettes) 
Mozart Chamber works Kramer, 
Kashkashian, Afanassiev. DG 415 
483-2 (CD, also LP and cassette) 
Mozart Plano concertos Brand el, 
ASMF/Marrlner. Philips 412 856-2 
(10 CDs, also 13 LPs, nine 

If 1985 was Handel's year in the 
opera house, it was Bach's in 
the recording studio. Deutsche 
Grammophon began the tercen- 
tenary celebrations finely with a 
new set of the violin suites 
played by Shlomo Mintz. and 
now they end them with Mischa 
Maisky's matching collection of 
the Cello snites. These are the 
great baritone soliloquies of 
music, and Maisky has the 
voice for them: marvellously 
firm and unstrained in the 
upper register, always true in 
pilch, never unpleasant and yet 
rarely giving the impression 
that anything as frivolous as 
tonal beauty is the goal. 

There is an encouraging 
spontaneity in the perform- 
ances. Maisky plays as if he is 
giving an immediate report of 
something heard from else- 

where: he tugs quite freely at the 
rhythm (though he is very far 
from the more usual sort of 
“expressive" rubato), and he 
normally gives repeats a mild 
dosing of ornamentation, which 
from him seems a token of 
newly-won familiarity. But 
what he reports is entirely for 
his own benefit. There is no 
public projection in these 
performances, and the record- 
ing captures the sense of a lone 
musician responding inquisi- 
tively and strongly, with all his 
mind and technique, to divine 

The pleasure. is different with 
his recording of the Cello 
sonatas, the three works that 
Bach wrote for viola da gamba 
and harpsichord, but that sound 
strikingly alive in the more 
modern transposition. Again 
Maisky holds to a mature, 
satisfying, yet also inquiring 
line that is never trivial in its 
aim. and his partnership with 
■Martha Argerich is highly 

She feels the frenzy of Bach. 
The playing is not hard driven, 
but its insistent exactness and 
its tonal brilliance suggest- 
something close to desperation 
or maybe exultation in Bach’s 
mind. The means may be new, 
but the commitment to Bach's 
thought, is complete. 

Another string-piano duo. 




Suite sound of harmony: Mischa Maisky (right) masters the cello works of Bach 

that of Waller Kiien and Arthur Gidon Kroner's way with 

Grumiaux in Mozart's Violin Mozart, brilliant, nervy and 
sonatas, is less exciting. Kliea's searchingly intelligent, is in 

plainness of speech risks giving invigorating contrast, and 
the impression of boredom, makes one hope he may record 

while Grumiaux's smiling, 
knowing inflections easily seem 

searchingly intelligent, is m and Kim Kasbkasian in the two 
invigorating contrast, and violin-viola duos, those angular 
makes one hope he may record mementoes- of the Sinfonia 
this music. Meanwhile he is to Concertante. 

instruments. Much more arrest- accompaniments, . under Sir 
ing is the dialogue of Kremer Neville Mamner’s cod musi- 

be heard in a curious pro- 

intrusive: of course they are gramme of Chamber works that 
evidence of love and famili- begins with the E flat Trio 

Alfred Brendel's set of the 
Piano concertos is bound to be a 

cianly direction. 

But undoubtedly Brendd 
scores when a kind of manic wit 
is called for - or when he can 
persuade us that it is, in, for 
example, the outer movements 

arity, but nobody should be that K.498. his violin replacing the 
sure of himself in Mozart. The clarinet. 

still more complex mixture of <£ K- 4 ? 7 - The .set includes all 

great usefulness of the set is that 
it provides a ready way of 

attractions and disappoint- 
ments, of breathtaking surprises 

Mozart’s original concertos, 
together with the double .and 

This was, to be sure, how the 

getung to know some relatively work was published, bur the 
Utile known and Uttle played spaciousness of the first move- 

and of tiresomenesses that one ?}P le concertos (the latter in 
may learn to put up with. Mozarts arrangement for two 

« * - . ... mannr hnfh nmrirc h 4 VP IihAomi 

Mozart: included are the dozen meat in particular seems to 
sonatas of 1778 and 1781, the demand both the clarinet’s 

three of the mid- 17 80s, and the lusciousness and the conver- 

Brendel's tendency to bite at the 
music in small bits can be 
wearing: the suavity, the per- 
fection, the loveliness of Mozart 

pianos: both works have Imogen 
Cooper as junior partner). It is a 
lengthy (east and not one,.given 
Brendel’s incisiveness, to be 

G minor variations. 

dissimilar much more in the orchestral 

to be heard very cqjoyed in long sittings. < 

Paul Griffiths 

One cannot complain about a 
lack, of variety among the 
recortiings of FaoriTs RccjuienL 
Hard- on foe beds of .John 
Rutter’s revelatory "on^nal 

orchestration* version (Conifer) 

comes this • Michel Wasson 
performance which is right took 
in the '“misty and reverential 
school of Fame interpretation. 
The opening movement sets the 
style: luxurious rallentandos 
and dynamic bulges reverberate 

awesomely in a lush apbustic. 
The Offertoire is so slow- that 
Flasson might' wdl have been 
beating it m semiquavers, so 
Jose Van Dam’s rich-toned; 
baritone solos must be con-- 
sidered triumphs - of ' breath 
control at least- . ; 

Alter this the pace picks up, 
and one becomes more aware of 
some outstanding choral ring- 
ing. Can the Orfeon Donos- 
tiarra really be a French choir,, 
with their girlish sopranos so 
pore in timbre and timing, and 
their men so gloriously assertive 
at the climax of foe Sanctus? In 
feet 1 ' discovered they were 
Basque. Their contribution 
most be the record’s s ellin g 
point, although - Barbara Hen- 
drick’s cu n be assured that, 
her interpretation of “Pie Jesu” 
is certainly like no other, on 
disc. The si eey e-note tells tts 
that this symphony-orchestra 
version of the Requiem is “the 
only one known today”: that of 
course is nonsense, and -has 
been for years. 

A fine choral contribution, 
this time from the London 
Philharmonic Choir, is also a 
feature of Klaus Tennstcdt’s 

Faurfc Requiem Cantiquede, 


EL 27 0168 1 (Mack efiac, 

Brahms: Requiem. 


Temstadt Bill EX 27 0313 . 

black cases, also cassettes) / ; r '& ' 
Haydn: Paukentnesse 

Phfflps 412734-1 piackdfeC^geV?. 

Berio: Sbifonia, Bmhid 

Swingle Stngera/Orch ■ 

National/Boulez. Eratn 

MUM 75198 (black (fisc 


Bewitching, brilliant voices 

Beffini: I Capuieti e i Montecchi 
Baltsa/Gruberova: Covent Garden 
Chorus and Orch/Muti. EMI ex 1 57 
2701 923 (two black discs) 

Beffini: Nonna 

Callas/Stignani/Fillppeschi. La 
Scaia Chorus and Orch / Sera fin. 
EMI CDS 7473048 (three CDs) 
Offenbach: La Belle H&ehe 
Norman/AlerfBacquier. Toulouse 
Chorus and Orch/Plasson. EM1 157 
EX 2701713 (two black discs) 

When a couple of seasons back 
Co vent Garden brought 
togefoer two of the most 
brilliant female singers of our 
time, Baltsa and Gruberovd, 
under Riccardo Mud’s baton 
for I Capuieti e i Montecchi 
someone had to step in and 
record the performance. 

Bellini's opera after Shakes- 
peare - way after - was 
miserably represented by an 
EMI recording which had Janet 
Baker at her least impressive as 
Romeo while Beverly Sills took 
all sorts of liberties as Juliet As 
if to atone for this earlier 
misdeed it was EMI who moved 
their recording equipment along 
to the Royal Opera House and 
this recently released set is a 
very fair reflection of those 
inspiring performances. 

Even with Muti in the pit the 
opera takes a little time to warm 
up. The opening scene centres 
on Tebaldo (Tybalt) and Dano 
Raffanti in the role, despite a 
good deal of huffing and 
puffing, sounds no more and no 
less than a moderate Italian 
tenor. (Bellini sopranos are in 
reasonable supply, but since foe 
retirement of Franco Corelli 
from the international scene 
heroic Bellini tenors are well- 

nigh unobtainable.) But once 
Romeo arrives in the shape of 
Agnes Baltsa to tell the Capulets 
to set their house and attitudes 
in order (“Se Romeo") foe work 
moves on to a higher plain. 

Gruberova is at her most 
bewitching in Juliet's opening 
aria “Oh, quante volte", the 
most familiar number in the 
score and one which Bellini 
borrowed from an earlier opera. 
Capuieti is then on the wing. It 
gathers pace and Muti is careful 
to disguise as much as possible 
the set manner of foe compo- 
sition: aria, cabaletta. concerted 

The close of Capuieti in the 
family mausoleum, as Romeo 
poisons himself and Juliet dies 
of grief, finds Bellini at his peak: 
he was never happier than 
writing for mezzo and soprano 
in unison. Gruberova and 
Baltsa provide him with nearly 
all that he could desire. 

The sound quality is decent, 
lit below that of the best 

but below that of the best 
current studio recordings. It is- 
strange, though, that for an 
Italian opera played in a British 
house the German text should 
be given pride of place and even 
stranger that the author of the 
accompanying essay should 
think that “A te, o cara" comes 
from La soruiambula. 

For the second of their Callas 
operas on CD. EMI have also 
turned to BeHini. Nonna was 
the obvious choice, but Callas 
recorded it twice and the 
selection of the earlier of foe 
two is rather less automatic. 

Devotees will argue into the 
small hours over foe rival 

merits of foe two sets. Suffice it 
to say that this 1954 re-pressing 
(rather less successful in sound 
terms than last year's Tosco) 
has the better Adalgisa (Ebe 
Stignani) and the poorer Poi- 
iione (Filippeschi sounds prov- 
incial by the side of Corelli, who 
obliged when Callas returned to 

Callas' s only true rival is 
herself and it is a delight to have 
this interpretation on the little 
silver discs. 

Michel Plasson and his 
admirable Toulouse forces have 
been turning out Offenbach 
operettas at the rate of one 
every couple of years and it is 
surprising that it has taken so 
long to get around to La Belle 
Helene which is no better 
represented in the catalogue 
than Capuieti. 

Several of his regular singers 
are at hand: Gabriel Bacquier as 
Agamemnon, splendid in the 
grand opera parody that closes 
Act 1. Charles Buries (Menelas), 
Jean-Philippe Lafont (Calchas) 

. . . But they are joined by 
Jessye Nonnan in the title role. 

It is rather like adding an 
expensive new signing to a team 
that has long been used to 
working together. At times Miss 
Norman is unquestionably 
impressive, as in foe Act II 
Invocation, while at others she 
seems lo stand some way off 
from all foe jokes that are flying 

The young American. lohn 
Alder, slips into foe squad 
much more easily and shows 
himself a true Offenbach tenor 
as Paris. 

Vintage notes of naive courage 

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5 


EMI References 2900021. - 
Mahler Lieder eines fahrenden 
Fischer-Dieskau /Furtw&ngie r/ 
Kempe. EMI References 1008981. 
Schtfoert Der tfirt auf dem Faison 
and 45 Lieder Elisabeth 
Schumann. EMI References 

2903593 (two black discs). 

M an delssohn/Bnich: Violin 

Kreiisler/Blech/Goossens. Pearl 
GEMM 276. 

, Mi 

p $ ',*>335U 

coupled with the equally distinc- 
tive 1955 performance of the 
Kindertotenlieder with the Ber- 
lin Philharmonic and' Rudolf 
Kempe. - 

Back to 1927 and Schubert’s 
Der Hht auf dem Fehen, with 
Elizab et h Schumann sounding 
an exuberant posthorn from 
" Die Winterreise " and zeveBing 
in the waterscapes, moonlit 
nights nightingales of 45 

John Higgins 

Without a rival: Maria Callas in 
Nonna at Covent Garden 

The year begins with a long, 
long look over its shoulder to 
the first days of electrical 
recording, with a dutch of 
remastered vintage classics from 
the French EMI/Pathe-Mar- 
coni References stable. They 
appear just in time to celebrate 
foe centenary on January 25 of 
foe birth of WQhehn Fmtwftngi- 
er, whose posthumous influence 
grows apace. 

The truth is that the naive 
courage which caught • Furt- 
wangier up in what was seen by 
many to be l controversial 
relationship with the Third 
Reich simply bursts out of his 
music making: “Not so ‘modi 
conducting, more an epileptic 
fit” is how one commentator 
puts it. What comes over most 
powerfully in the 1951 recording 
with Edwin Fischer of Beetho- 
ven's " Emperor " Concerto is * 
palpable sense of struggle to 
find equilibrium between the 
chaos of power in foe music’s 
expressive content, and the 
dearly defined limitations of its . 

It was a struggle which 
seemed to obsess bis mind and 
i magina tion and to control his 
erratic baton. It is there in foe 

Controversial: conductor 
Wflhdm Furtwangler 

way foe vibrancy and biting 
attack of the strings will 
suddenly yield " to fluctuating 
tempi and unexpected oases of 
stillness. It is there, too, in the 
tension of foe continuous vibrato 
of foe lower strings which forms 
such a perfect legato bass for 
foe clarity and strength of 
Fischer’s lucid yet highly-strung 
second movement. 

Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau was 
a ged just 25 when he met 
Furtwingler, and two years later 
they made together one of the 
earliest .Mahler studio record- 
ings foe only one of Furt- 
wfcngler’s we have. In the Lieder 
eines fahrenden Gesellen, the 
voice, stiH round with the bloom 
of youth, conveys an enormous 
weight of occasion and responsi- 

Very slow, intensely nostalgic 
ami already minutely detailed, 
this recording most have been a 
startling revelation in 1952. It is 

The collection includes a 
robust performance of ‘‘The 
Shepherd on the Rock" and 
provides collectors with one or 
two rarities as well. The 1930 
“An die Murk”,, for instance, 
was considered less than perfect 
and not previously released, 
doubtless became Schumann's 
very obvious ardour for foe 
hotdc Kmart afl bat smothen ifs 
progress. It is worth hea ring , 
though, if only for the piano- 
playiBg of Gerald Moore. 

The frisson of the month 
comes 'through from the first 
notes of Bruch’s Violin . Con- 
certo, emerging like a thin, 
white stiver ; iff tight from the 
dark, thick rustle and bumps of 
Fritz Kreisler’s 1924 recording, 
now processed for foe first time 
from unreleased HMV copies in 
foe Yale, sound archive. The 
anonymous “symphony orches- 
tras” comf ort ed .by Goossens 
might sound- like a hurdy-gurdy 
to our digltaUy-tnoed ears; but 
foe way KreisJer times his 
vibrato to the vibrations of the 
strings, and. his long phrasing 
and rhythmic audacity make 
(his and foe Mendelssohn 
Concerto of . 1925 riveting 
listening. • 

Hilary Finch 

new recording of : 

Requiem, though - hereVtfc/; 
choir’s excellence is' matched »»; 
nearly every other department, 

I have reservations about the ; 
“Derm alks Fldsch" move- ‘ 
mem, where the chorus should 
surely be chestier in tone on 
their bottom Fs and .where the 
strings sound on naturally 
prominent, but elsewhere all. is 


.. Tennstedt’s pacing, particu- 
larly of the fugues, is masterty; 
his transitions from one tempo 
to another (perilous moments 
in many performances) sound 
both exciting and right The ' 
orchestra is encouraged to play 
with old-fashioned opulence 
(there is a notable use of viofin 
portamenti) and foe soloists. 
Jessye Norman and foe magni- 
ficently impassioned Finnish 
baritone Jorma Hynninen, sing 
intelligently. There u also some 
commendable solo woffc firOiri 
the mezzo Waltraud Meier in' 
the Alt-rhapsodie. 

Bernstein's live recording ol; 
Haydn’s Fankenmesse is much 
more of a mixed bag. The 
Bavarian Radio Chorus, for all 
its zest later, simply does not 
sing that deceptively simple 
opening unison phrase in tone 
. More, fundamental, is the 
pervasive heaviness that haunts 
this recording in its texture, 
speeds and the emotional 
approach. There are many 
melodramatic pauses, and a 
long drawing-on t of foe “Agnus > 
Der* suspensions, as though we 
were nearing the end of Das 
Lied von der Erie. In other 
words, a typical Bernstein 
performance, one which prob- 
ably made a deep impact at the 
time, but which is too larger- 
than-life for my living-room. 

Pierre Boulez enhances his 
reputation for obtaining per- 
formances of startling precision 
and clarity, and Ward Swingle’s 
sincere live up to their repu- 
tation for utter professionalism 
with a new recor d ing of Berio’s 

The work is a fascinating 
amalg am of verbal and musical 
sources, avant-garde (for its . 
’day) vocal techniques and some 
thrilling orchestral effects. Some 
consider It a masterpiece, others 
thank • it pretentious, but I . 
cannot imagine anyone finding ■ 
a piece which mixes Mahler’s 
Second Symphony with frag- 
ments from Samuel Beckett's 
The Unnamable remotely bor- 

jvin • •* 

Richard Morrison 

Compact discs 

Although it would be feasible to 
reproduce the entire contents of 
foe Encyclopaedia Britannica 
on a single compact disc* the 
publishers ask us to point-wit 
that there are no plans to do so, 
as we implied on December 14. 


y\-‘. K- . • *• *■ • 

C ycling is invaluable as an all 
round form of exercise, 

Violninn In /latralAva 4ha vVma 

^-'helping lo develop the three 
key qualities of strength, supple- 
ness and stamina. This exercise 
bike will enable you to work out a 
fitness programme in the privacy 
of your own home without worry- 
ing about traffic or bad weather 

T his high quality cycle is made 
in the UK with a steel frame 
and finished in attractive 
white enamel. It has a wide base 
for stability and a height adjustable 
seat and handlebars. The cycle also 
features a mileometer and speed- 
ometer and has an enclosed chain 
drive and a tension regulator. 

All prices are inclusive of post and 
, packing : Please allow up to 21 days 
for delivery. If you are not satisfied 
we will refund your monev without 
question. This offer can only be 
despatched to addresses in the U.K. 




Tel: Crayford 53316 
for enquiries only. 

PRICE: £79.95 

Please send me — „ Exercise Cydefs) @ £79.95 each 

I enclose cheque/postal order for £. — made 

payable to The Times Exercise Cycle Offer. 



(ho need to ecmpietc coupon) 

(Crayford) 0322-58011 
24 houn a day - 7 days a week 

Send to; Times Exercise Cycle Offer, Bourne Road, 
Bexley, Kent DA5 IBL 

Or debii my Access/Visa No — - — 

Signature .... 



Crayford 53316 for enquiries only 




Las Sylphidesmd Nutcracker 
Suite are given this afternoon and 
evening In Sheffield, together with 
the attractive new Suite HaHerme. 
Then the company move on to 
Romney, where the third baHet is 

688 9291k Fri, Hammersmith - 
Odaon. Queen Carofine Street, ' 
London W6 (01-748 4081). 


ROYAL BALLET: Only one publicly 
bookable performance at Covent 

bookable performance at Covent 
Garden: Giselle on Fri. The rest of 
the week Is given over to a special 
series sonsored by Paul Hamlyn to 
get new audiences into the opera 

Covent Garden, London WC2 (01- 

Nutcracker season at the Festival 
HaH ends with performances today 
(matinee and evening) and Mon- 

Royal Festival HaB. London SE1 

BALLET: Two performances of 
CoppeOaervS die season today. 
The company then goes on tour in 
North America. 

Sadler's Weds, London EC1 (01- 
278 8916). 

performances of The Nutcracker \n 
Glasgow today; then the 
production moves to Aberdeen 

Thurs-Jan 23. 

Theatre Royal, Glasgow (041 331 
1234); His Majesty's Theatre, 
Aberdeen (0224 638080). 

FOSTER/HA LLE: A rather unusual 
programme by the Halffi Orchestra 
under Lawrence FOstwr includes J. 
C. Bach's Sinfonia No 1 and •- . 
Enescu's Bate known but attractive 
Suite No 1. Cristine Ortiz Is at the 
keyboard tor Brahms's Plano ' 
Concerto No 1. 

Free Trade Hafl, Manchester (061 
834 1712). Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

surrounds Barry Manitow (above) 
lies a talent capable of creating 
such gems of pop kitsch as 
"Maricfy", “It’s a Miracle" and 
"Could It Be Magic". 

Tonight, NEC, Birmingham (021 


STING: Exchanging the bare-wiros 
rook 'n* reggae of the Police for the 
sophistication of a quartet of young 
American Jazz musicians (including 
the superb saxophonist Branford 
MarsaBs), Sting proves that ha has 
the talent to match his ambition. 
Tonight, Scottish Exhibition Centre, 
Glasgow (041 2433000); Mon, 

~ -■■-nheatre, Aberdeen (0224 


Memphis tenor saxophonist came 
into his own with Miles Davies In 
the earty 1 960s. and has since 
developed an unassailable mastery 
of the convention of post-Parker, 

pre-Coleman jazz. 

Tonight and Mon-Jan 18, Ronnie 
Scott’s Club. 47 Frith Street, 
London W1 (01 439 0747). 

MEANTIME: Monfesey-Mullen, 
Britain's best jazz-funk band, are 
no more. Now Jim Mullen, a fine 
guitarist, unvote his hew unit, 
featuring the saxophones of lain 
Baifamyin place of the departed 
Dick Morrissey. 

Tomorrow, Bass Clef, 35 Coronet 
Street, London N1 (01-729 2476). 

ANNA STEIGER: A soprtino who ' . 
won the 1884 Richard Tauber. Prize 
and 1985 John Christie Award, 
Anna Steiger gives the Tauber 
Prize Recital with RaveTs M&odfos 
Popufanes Grecques and songs by 
Schubert, Schoenberg, Poulenc, 

Wigmora Hall, 38 WTgmore Street, . 
London W1 (01-9352141). Mon;- 

under Walter WeBer fabove). 
Usher Hall, Lothian Road, 
Edinburgh (031 2281155). Fri, 

Jonathan Miter's austere, cerebral 
production of Don Giovanni 
continues In repertoire. But the real 
event of the week bthanew 
production of a Rossini rarity, . 
•Mdses on Thure at 7pm. it is one of 
the company's Norwest Holst- 
sponsored single performances, so 
grabthechancewhfleyoucan. - 
John Tomlinson takes the title role , 
and ABserto Erode conducts tor the 
.first time at the.CoBseum. Also your 
last chance on Wed to seetheir 
gMctaeular JuSus Caesar, and on : 
Frf The Mastersingers continues at 
5dm. -••• • 

Cotiseum. St Martin's Lane, . _ . 
London WC2 (01-836 31 SI). 

OPERA FACTORY: Tonight. Tubs ' : 
and Wed at 8pm, Nigel Osborne's -■ 

new opera, Heff’sAngefs, an - 

investigation Into tiie strxigete of i 

MISSA SOLEMNJS; Beethoven's - 
MIssa Satemnls is performed by 
the Monteverdi Choir, Orchestra 

and soloists under John Eflot 

Queen Elizabeth Hall, South Bank.- 
London SE1 (01-928 3191 , credit 
cards 01-928 8800). Tues,7X5pm. 

OPlfS 20: A new ensemble, Opus. 

FAlRBAJRN/LSOr Ctive Fakbalm 
conducts the LSO in 
Mendelssohn's Hebrides Overture, 
HandeTs Music for the Royal 
Fireworks, Bruch's Viofin Concerto 
NoT (ManougParfkian, soloist) and 
Beethoven's 'PastoraT 

Royal Festival Hall. Fri, 7.30pm. 

Boratas. Pam Griffiths dW nbfBlM 
ft. On Mon, Fri and Jan 1 8, the ' 
company's highly praised CavaB 
La Gafoto continues. 

Royal Cotat Theatre, Sioane 

London SW1 <01-730 . 


20. gives fts first concert; playing 
Barber's Adagio forStrings, -- 
Tippett's Little Music for Strings, 
movements from Berg's - ... 
■Lyric Suite and Lutos&wskTs 
Prelude and Fugue for 13 Solo . 
Strings. ; 

St John's Smith Square, London 
SW1 (01-222 1061). Thure, T^Opip. 

HERBIG/LSO: For hhs second ■ 
cwicert with the LSO, GQnthar 
Heittioconducts Mozart’s Cos Fan 
Tirite Ovartwe, SctwberTs ' 
Symphony ffog, and Mayiknl 
Fuptawa solos in Beethoven's 
Viofin Concwto. 

Baibwan Centre, Silk Street, : . 

British sold star Junior Giscombe, 
reggae poets Linton Kwest 
Johnson and Benjamin Zephanlah, 
Gasper Lawal's African ensemble 
and tin Inspirational Gospel Choir 
celebrate Dr King's birthday - now, 
thanks to Stevie Wonder's 

tonal holiday In the 


ROYAL CNPERAirTha operatic yenr- 
on Tubs at7pm with a revfval 
■ ^^S-F^PpaSan)ust production of 
yerdTs Simon BoccanegraLlhe 
-cast has been receded from the 

cancelled Otettx-Rertato Bruson in 
the title rote, wlto Kiri te Karawa 

repeating her Amelia. Edward • 

Downes conducts. . 
^egQantair, London WC2 (01- 

QPERA NORTH Tonight another 
performance of their cotorirtafc-.' - ; 
gs^rrtir^ Gofdbn Cocfcerefby 
"JpjskjMtorsakov, trapeze ainafl; 
■on Mon and Thus, foe hvxfaome 
and dram atic production of La 
f rawjrtara nd on Fri and Jan 18 : ' 
^t^ktoher Rens^aWs production 
<« The MHcado, first seen last ^ 
summer at Nw SadlersWeSs 

. John Tranter and Kate Ftowera v 
P^fe^arices. at 7.15pm. 

Leedi(0532 459351); ;v 

vTpniflM, Tuasand'Jah 1.8 at 7pm 

rig ham (021 780 4133). 

BARRY MAN1LOW: How easy it is 
to forget that beneath the tiresome 
housewives 1 -ch oice hype that 

^1^9 Road, London NW5 (01- . 

BILLY PAUL: "Me and Mrs Jones" 
was this American soul singer's teg 
hrt. a gem from the heyday of his 

cards 01-638 8891). Thure, 7.45pm. 

'W B-LER /SNO: Mozart's "Prague" 
Symphony and Bruckner‘s ' " ’ 

Symphony No 7 are performed by 
me Scottish Natfonal Orchestra 

For fosket avaifafoaity; 

perfonannee and openfan 
times, telephone the 
numbers listed. 
Concerts: Max Hamson 
Dance: JohitPefcival' 
Sqdt.& Jazz: Rkhard 
. WflJjums . • 
QpOra: Hilary Finch • 

- nahonalopbi 

Prizes tntaffingfiyjoo 


Tr&ritonHaum Am. 
(nrriw am'ra' : 

TaCOfi OHM ' 



!£i P\ "*< ■ 

J*" 1 -*- ’ 4 - . 

* . T - : i i 


- ■ 


:s -- • 




THE TIMES JANUARY 1 1-17 1986 



• . - ?v *» 

. ; S 



' & " J y? 

s ' " 3J, 

n Hr 271’ 


pllini^liiilei a warm welcome 

Mew t^hnology; and mpdepkiC^gn has 1 

onitifer ; - -r 

' 'V; W That do yon do . when. • cold ; day ; is almost ‘ always *• 
' a/m/ / * c "- - north wmtfpnctxxicd by" a coklingjit, and a 
•■■f'T ■.‘Mowsj? ! ->31arow lat^'-mfldday by wiflH mg hr foe 
'* ~ -▼ - other log on the firitfYsensor automatically adjusts the 
Pnt .on your Thermal imditt~ ?%e23a?_s . '-hq>« •.'•■awwdiiig v '-ip’ ; 
weaff : .Oir fon t up the central : ■ changes in . room r tempeca tore : 
heating thermostat a couple of daring the charge-period. The "- 
degrees? ;J,.. : rate. at which the stored heat iff 
: More .and more ■ homes now released depends on -the room 
have central heating. In' London ' temperature the following day. / } 
slope the figures , have risen \ Some of foe'jwyest storage 
from 43 percent -of homes in heaters have bfifcict'sensors. 
1979 to 63 per cent in. 1985. Gas Others, Hen foe. Difopjex XT^ 
central beating systems are still have a separate . unit winch is 
themost coimnojl. ha fecVga^ fixed 'to' tiiffc 'wilL’" above the •' 
proves the ■ main form -.of- skiffing, atdeast roc indbesfrom . 
heating in. well over half the the heater - dnd' connected -by a 
homes in .Britain, followed by . thin fieai ■' - • • :V " *~ l ; 

solid fiiel l and then electricity. '. . " The bxaixafecturers daimtbat 
•* ;Bht‘ this may change. Design- compared with a; cotWtatiohaT ’ 
ers arid manirfactu rers of home, storage . heater , the extra control . 
hatin g systems . are . 'taking . given by the XTE could mean a ' 

dustraflora by MchMl Dwridian 

advantage of new technology to saving of between#) and 15-per 
improve heating efficiency and cent on fuej bills " over the 

reduce running costs! . . - > 

V -There are already signs. of a 

. season. This is ' achieved by - 
' making better'' use ' of - the 

renewed interest in electric Economy 7‘ night-time tariff. 

storage’ heaters. 

proving partioilady popular at " night-time - electricity at less 
opposite, ends of , the housing than half the normal domestic 

in, AVt tinth TlU . •' VTC HA- 

market, both m ^stafter'hoiomr 
(buflderifmd them relatively 
cheap and easy to install) and in 
homes belonging to- older, 
possibly retired couples, who 
may not want to worry about 
the servicing or maintenance 
involved in other- systems. • - 
In the past electric storage 
heaters have had the reputation 
of being .bulky, unattractive, 
expensive to run and difficult to 
control.- Bid manufacturers - 
and electricity boards — have 
been working hard to improve 
iheir images And the .campaign 
seems to be . paying -off!.: In 
London, for instance, sales of 
storage heaters are 30 per cent 
up on last year’s figures. . . .. - 
The latest' storage heaters bn 
the market are a lar cry- from 
their predecessors. Technology 
has improved to such an detent 
that some of the heaters - such 
as those In the Dixnplex XT 
range - are less than six inches 

rate. The - Dim pier XTE 24 
(3.4kw) sells at abqut-£227. - 


deep overall, roughly tl 
depth as a double- 

depth as a double-panelled 

And it's not just a case of 
looking- different. A major 

esters bn ’ Even with its new slim look, 
cry- from the average storage heater is 
ichnology haidly-'jnquit to -Be the fixad 
an extent point-of a room. Most come in 
:rs - such beige / brown /ivory combi- 
iplex XT nations, designed to be as 
nx inches unobtrusive as possible. The 
the same advantage of ordinary radiators 
>panefled is that you can painr them to 
match your decor. 

i case of Another development is the 
S. major storage healer that doubles up 

development has-been in. .tire' as a-nuHant -or convector 'fire, 
introduction of new weather- providing extrawarmth. when 
sensitive ..input, controls and- required, for example, during 
room temperature, output , con- .the.-bvemtig or when the storage, 
irols. . • heater itself is not in use. Creda 

Working on the theory that a make a Supa-Radiant Pand 


The choice has never been 
greater for the growing numbers 
of those . who fed there is 
nothing quite like a real fire: 
Styles range from the classical 
to the ultra-modern' and prices 
stan fironHGO. - \ •. 

In recent- years there have- 
been many developments in the 
technology of solid fuel heating.' 
Appliances are now. better 
designed and more efficient 
Some open fries until a high 
output back boiler - like the 
Dunsley Condor, a free-stand-. 

High-output: Donate; - 
ing fire of modem design, in 
stainless and' matt Mack steel 
(£395) - will also heat up to five 
radiators, and .give ample do- 
mestic hot water. 

\ Room-heaters aire among the 
most. efficient heating ap- 
pliances available and now 
come in some, attractive de- 
signs. The new Rayburn Geor- 
gian. for "instance, from foe 
Raybum Heritage Series, has 
the elegance its name suggests, 
bums a wide variety of smoke- 
less fuels and can heat domestic 
hot ''-water and up to 10 
radiators, depending on the 
model (prices from £396). 

• Stoves; are still popular 
-among -those who want their, 
form. of . heating to add to the 
character of a room. The choice 
is/a wide one, ranging from the 
nplaiu to the highly decorative. 
The Much Wenloclc from the 
Coalbrookdale company' looks 
functtonaJ,~ rather than pretty. 
The toiler niodel hems up to six 
radiators; a room of tip to 2,000 
cu ft in which it is positioned, 
and all domestic hot water. The 
Dragbn Mark II fry Smith and 
.- Weustood (Esse) . is ornate, to 
say the feast; .comes . in five 
different finishes and has a heat 
output of 7.4kwi, Prices stint 
from £458, ' - 

r‘ One .of the' drawbacks bf 
having an open fire has always 
been cleaning out the grate. 
Modem fires often have much 
larger ash cans, so that yon 
clean them out less often. Other 
appliances • have' .underfloor 
. rotary boxes 'ahd : systems for 

external hsh removal. 

which giveifi seven hours of 

which can be fitted to their TSR 
range. It is made of toughened: 
dark glass -and contains a low- 
rated heating element It’s not 
: exactly cosy to look at 

Ultra-cosiness is the effect the 
Portland Firestone sets out to 
achieve. This . I.7kw storage, 
heater with a l:2kw convector 
looks like a “period” log-effect 
fire, 'complete with canopy and, 
according tothe manufacturers, 
h “spearheads a new era in 
storage' heating” by giving you 
the benefits of conventional 
storage heating plus the flexi- 
bility of instant converted heal 
at the flick of a switch. It costs 
about £299. 

. Increasingly, it seems, what 
people - want -is background 
beating plus some kind of fire 
which will provide extra heat 
and art as focal point in the 
mam living area. The safes of 
gas-and. electric fri el -effect fires 
show no sign of decreasing 
You can even get fuel-effect 
fan heaters. The Berry 507 
Cambridge 2kw fan heater is 
modelled in the style of a 
“medieval Jog-burning grate”, 
with a rampant lion motif on 
,ihe back panel and a basket 
with brass finish rings housing 
tte Jog-effect. . It has two heat 
'settings tind a tool Air blow and” 
costs around £109. . . 

Fractional: Much WenJock 
The Cinderella makes clean- 
ing a fireplace or stove easy. It 
consists .of an attachment to 
your, vacuum cleaner, hose 
which enables you to suck all 
hot ash arid embers safely 
through a separate hose into a 
bucket-like container. It is 
marketed/ by Chelsea Fires of 
Paddock Wood, Kent, and costs 

Mora inf or ma fi o a on real fires and 
fireplaces can be obtained from: 
The Sofld Fuel Advisory Service, 
Hobart House, Grosvenor Place, 
London SW1 7AE (01-235 2020): 
The National Fireplace Council, PO 
Box 35 (Stoke), Stoke-on-Trent, 
Staffs ST4 7NK (0782 44311). The 
e Centra, 49 CWlter 

' One of the main advantages 
of having a fuel-effect fire as 
opposed to the real thing 
(however much the purists may 
sneer) is that once you have 
switched it on you do not have 
to keep leaping up and down to 
pul on more logs or coal. 

The Dimplex '430 RCE, for 
instance, which costs around 
£155.25, is a fuel-effect fire with 
a brass canopy which combines 
2kw-of radiant heat output with 
800w of thermostatically con- 
trolled converted heat. It has a 
sensor which can respond to 
temperature changes as small as 
a fraction of I "C. and will keep 
the room temperature steady by 
switching the radiant elements 
on and off as necessary. 

Gas fuel-effect fires, while 
looking more like the real thing 
than their electric counterparts, 
are not so efficient at providing 
extra heat Philip Barnwell, 
manager of the New Kings 
Road branch of Real Flame. 
Europe’s largest manufacturers 
of gas log and gas coal fires, 
says: “You can get 1 Vi to 2kw of 
heat from one of these fires, 
depending on the kind of grate 
and so on. As a back-up to 
central heating it could keep 
you quite waim-TSui we 'db not 
sell our fires as heal producers; 


Whenever there is a sudden 
cold spell the sales of fan 
hdilers shoot up. People buy 
them because they are cheap 
(prices start from about £12.99), 
portable and give instant heat 
The design of fen healers has 
not changed much over the 
years. The majority are still 
conventionally box shaped. 

But both Salion and Krups, 
for instance, make upright 
models. The Sahon 137 TLS is 
a 2kw fen heater in black and 
white, which can be wall 
mounted and, as welt as having 
a thermostatic heat control, has 
an antifreeze .setting: if the 
temperature drops below 5*C 
the heater is' automatically 
switched on. It retails ar about 

<- "V =» v * 

Staffs Si 4 7NK (0782 44311). The 
London Stove Centra, 49 CVuitem 
Street, London W1 (01 -488 51 68), 
offers a complete range of modem 
and reproduction stoves plus an 
the fitonos and advice on 

rather for their decorative 

If you want a gas fire that 
puts out a reasonable amount of 
beat as well as giving the 
impression of a log or coal fire 
you will have to sacrifice a little 
of the illusion. Parkinson 
Cowan, Robinson, Willeys, 
Glow-worm and Valor all make 
gas-effect fires but it is the glass 
front behind which the flames 
flicker that make these fires 
more efficient 

The Valor Homeflame Uni- 
gas, for iifMtanef-, puts out 3.3kw 


Life-like: Real Flame 

of ra dian t and converted heat 
The fire has a pewter effect 
canopy, brass fire dogs and a 
bowed fender, four heat settings 
and automatic ignition. Its 
main advantage, however, is 
that it does not need a chimney. 

The Krups Plustherm Vario 
3000, model 651, also comes in 
black and white and can be wall 
mounted. It is a 3kw heater with 
four settings (ofljfeold/half and 
full heat), it has a “frost watch” 
function (which reacts as the 
anlifrewe setting, above) and 
costs about £29.99. 

Automatic The Saltoo 

Pusl j -rtrir: Dimplex G 

Fan healers can also be built 
in to bathrooms and kitchens. 
The Dimplex base unit beater, 
for instance, with a bitter 
chocolate finish, can be fitted 
flush in the plinths at the base 
of kitchen units. It has a built-in 
variable thermostat, three heat 
settings (O.Skw, 1.6kw and 
2.4kw) and in the summer it can 
he used to circulate cool air. It 
costs £95.39. 

Dimplex also have a new 2kw 
fan heater for bathrooms. The 
Tango Shave incorporates a 
built-in dual voltage shaver 
which can operate indepen- 
dently of the wall-mounted 
heater. It comes in off white/ 
brown and costs £54.05. 


Gallic gastronomies 
with a real kick 

There is novelty to 

“ Z 17 last!) are given their own 

be louna ID tiiree detailed menu, rather _than 

■ leaving the customer to flotm- 

recentlv Opened der trough the “a piece of Otis. 

£ — — a bit offoat one” routine. 

T-ac+ourontc all You shouid save space too 

rcSiaUIalito? cm for light and delicious desserts - 

_ j T~ a mousse of lime and mint tea, 

set for popularity set in a syrup of quince with 

slices of foe fruit tinged with 
orange zest, was tike a try from 

There has * always been 

since it is a balanced flue fire 
which can be fined to any 
suitable outside walL It costs 
about £350. excluding fittings. 

Real Flame do a fire that can 
be fitted into an existing 
Victorian-sized fireplace for 
£105.80. At the other end of the 
scale is a complete Cumberland 
grate and fire for £632.50. They 
sell a range of carved mantle- 
pieces. firegrates and acces- 
sories, will make i ndi vidua! 
fires to any existing grate size or 
shape and can arrange for 

Lee Rodwell 

Rsal Flame have showrooms at 80 
New Kings Road, Fulham, SWB 
(01-731 2704); 1181 Finchley Road, 
Temple Fortune. NW11 (01-455 
9473k 141 George Street. Marble 
Arch. W1 (01-402 8739); 29 
Widmore Road, Bromley. Kent (01- 
290 1548); 296 Balham High Road, 
SW17 (01-767 7811). 

For stockists of Dimplex heaters 
write to Dimplex Heating. 

Millbrook, Southampton S09 2DP 

For Creda stockists contact Ti 
Creda. Creda Works, Btyth Bridge 
Read. Stoke-on-Trent. Staffs ST1 1 
9U (0782392281). 

For Portland stockists contact 
Electricity Board Showrooms. 

kindred spirit between the Barry _ John. Next tune the 
Welsh and ibe French concern- French visit CardtiT, ^ they re 
ina rugby, which now seems going to love Spangbero s. 
likely to spread to food, thanks An equally authentic ^Ihc 
to foe effort of Welsh master note is struck by La Dordogne, a 
chef, David Evans. After six restauram justof Ghrswtck Higb 
years as chef-manager al foe Road m London, but then foe 
highly regarded The Bear in Chef did spend rot montin 
Hu/igerford, he has moved to a coolung for President Mi tie-* 
new restaurant just a line-out rrand- t . 

throw from foe welsh National 
Rugby Stadium in Cardiff. 

The closely packed tables are 
the only distraction to full 

SMiKVj jutuium fax veuuiu. - — - * _ _ I m ■ 

It was either very brave, or enjoyment of foe splendidly 
very provocative, to name foe robust and savoury menu. It 
restaurant after a French rugby includes mushrooms cooked in 
player - Spang>zro’s may well cream and shallots, served with 
be an affectionate tribute to Minis (pancakes). (£1 .60) and 
rampaging. eccentric old expertly dressed salad with hot 
Claude, but I can’t help feeling chicken livers (£1.40) among six 
“Barryjohn’s” or “Mcrve the attractive starters. 

Swerve's” would have been Fish courses embrace fillet of 
more tactful brill with mushrooms in pun 

Nevertheless, it would take j 

an extreme Welsh nationalist 

not to be tempted into Mr 

Evans's cosy, half-basement 
restaurant and wine bar at foe 
foot of an imposing red-brick 
building. The spacious bar, 
complete with Cruover machine 
for serving fine wines by foe 
glass without oxidizing foe rest 
of the bottle, gives way to a 
whitewashed dining area, 
tvarmed with plum-ccloureti' 
linen and upholstery. 

David Evans has worked 
extensively in Switzerland and 
various regions of France, and 
has received several French 
awards. While these influences 
show in the creativity of foe 
dishes, there’s an old fashioned . ... 

regard for reasonable portions pastry (£3.90) and a smashing 

and unfussy presentation. 

blanquctie (stew) of monfisb in 


Of all the electric fires on the 
market, only one has been 
selected by the Design Centre. 
Yon will not find it in yonr local 
electricity board showroom, nor 
in the electrical disco ant stores 
- it comes from Mothercare. 

The Mothercare convector 
beater has a soft, contemporary 
shape, comes in a pretty prnn- 
rose/ white colour combination 
and would not look ont of place 
in a kitchen or bedroom even 
though it was designed with 
nurseries in mind. 

It is thermostatically con- 
trolled for extra safety, costs 
£25.99 and is also available 
through foe Mother car e-by-post 
service. Yon can also order by 
phone using a Mothercare 
Credit Card. Access, Eurocard, 
Mastercard or Visa. Tel: 0923 

Newborn babies are said to 
settle better if they sleep on 
natural fleece. Now adults too 
can snaggle up for foe night 
with a real wool fleece electric 
underblanket from Dreamland. 

The blanket, which is top of 
their range, is king-size, has 
four heat levels, and a special 
panel giving extra warmth to foe 
feet It costs around £69. 

Catting the cost of 
home heating - page 17 

The menu offers both set a champagne sauce with glazed 
price lunches (£8.45) and cucumbers. The canard basco- 
dinnere (£1145) as wed as a beantaw (duck in cabbage 
nicely balanced <z la carte leaves with a liver mousse) has 
section. Starters include such been deemed too nch for 
delights as a terrine of sole and English palates, so the cnsply 

cooked duck slices now amye 

— _ in a red wine sauce with pears 

A mousse Of lime (£6.40). with lamb in red wine 
and mint tea, set and fresh mini sauce also 

in a syrup of quince 

„ frontage - Venetian blinds and 
pike with lobster salad, a scallop a soj^arv name - Alastair 
mousse with young leeks, an Lfttle’s Restaurant seems cer- 
aubergine temne with caraway la j n D f a big 1 986. After 
seeds served with grilled goafs successful spells at L’Escargot 
cheese, and foe one incorpor- and 192, Alastair has recently 
ated into my set lunch, a opened his own place, and foe 
delicious, pungent dear soup of food, rather like foe cye-caldh- 
duck. with shredded egg, veg- jng. hi-tech decor and furniture 
etables and meat. is bang up to the minute. 

Two fish dishes are offered as i tried a lunch menu which 
main courses, grilled fillet of offered a tremendous range of 
sea-bass with a red wine value and taste from a simple 
vinaigrette (£S.75). and a fillet but excellent leek and potato 
of salmon with pike souffle and SO up (£1.40) to a wonderful hot 
creamed Dublin bay prawns mousse of calves' liver and foie 
(£8.75), but there may well be a gras, set in a light port sauce 
salmon dish, for example, on (£3.95). The winter salad of 
one of the set menus. avocado, croutons, radiedo and 

Meal courses embrace maize- French beans was so huge it was 
fed chicken (with raspberry almost a main course, 
vinegar, £6.75), Barhary duck. Of six main dishes offered, 
lamb and a dark, savoury dish the roasted joints of partridge in 
of venison in a sauce of port red wine sauce (£8) the roast leg 
lees (£8.50). The saddle of lamb, of lamb with a confit of garlic 
stuffed with veal forcemeat, and thyme (£6.50), and foe 
which was my choice from the sirloin steak dabbed with 
set lunch, proved excellent, and vintner’s butler l£6,9Q) were all 
the accompanying vegetables faultless. The puddings were 
were a treat - stuffed tomato excellent (blackcurrant delice 
(mushrooms, garlic onions) and especially) and the atmosphere 
beans tied wilh bacon. youthful and unpretentious. 

The meals are rounded off Gtan Hov 

with a smashing selection of ouui nej 

Stan Hey 


Spanghero’s, Westgste House. 
Westoate Street Cardiff 1 (0222 
382423). Restaurant Mon-Sat 
noon-2.30 pm. T ties -Sat 6.30- 
9.30pm (last orders). Wine ban 
Mon-Sat 11 . 30 am -3pm and 5.30- 

La Dordogne, 5 Devonshire Road, 
London W4 (01 -747 1 836). Mon-Frl 
noon-2.30pm, Mon-Sat 7-1 1pm 
(midnight Fri, Sat). 

Alastair Little’s Restaurant, 49 
Frith Street London wi (01-734 
5183). Mon-Fri 12.15-2.30pm, 

Street Cardiff 1 (0222 
Restaurant Mon-Sat 

5183). M 

( ‘■less than >6 price" | 


« 148 Walton Street, London SW3. & 
* TcL- 01-584 4247/1980 | 


% of cotiictioa No. 1 to be + 

4 Discontinued * 

| At Percy Bass | 

| 188 Walton Street, London SW3 | 
J From Monday 20th until 24ifa January t 
* Wail Papers - Bed linen - Fabric - ? 

% Display Hems i 

^:M^*******«*** ******* 

•: ' ‘ 'if?'' 

' •* 

. . ' .TH «• 

4. . «• 

% St.*** 

<• t f . ‘ 'SB* 


St John's Wood Road 
London NW8 8QN 

(next to Lords Cricket Ground) 


1 2th JANUARY 9.30am to 6.00pm 

T ^ n 7 Around 2,000 garments worth more than £2 million* 

j ( ) K 1 ) S will be on show -all direct from the manufecturers and at 

genuine wholesale prices. 

HP AT/^TT R 1\I This overwhelming selection covers everything, from the 

JL Y Ij XVl A sheer luxury of mink and top USSR full-length silver fox 

coats, to the U.K.’s biggest-ever collection of elegant 
fur-lined raincoats. 

And with each purchase you make over £499, we’ll 
give you 2 stylish fur jackets absolutely free on 
presentation of this ad. 

This really is a unique offer by the directors of Budget 
garments in the U. K. 

Why pay inflated retail prices, even at sale time, 
when you can fatty your furs direct from us - cheaper? ? 
Access/Visa/Aniex/Diners and personal cheques accepted. 
Export Orders VAT refundable. 

Budget Furs 83 'iS'EST'™' 

. saver Fox Coats RRP £B?99S- £2.995 

Stranded Raccoon Coats rrp 

Stranded Nfink Coats RRP £2£50-£995 
Silver Fox Jackets RRP £2*200 — £640 

Mink Coats rrp £4^550— £475 
Stranded Raccoon Jackets rrp£©93~£299 
Mink Jackets RRP £895 - £245 
Fur-fined Raincoats RRP £650— £19»* 

i Si:*..-..- 


“'•’.•j . 7 * >::*■ 

THE TIMES JANUARY, l i-17 1986 

■ - .jj 





.*> £ 

.’. . . ■*>*■ 

v *3>! 


“^gJS^TOUeH: Janet Smith stands out 
^ntemporary dancers. She 
^J^nesgenOefTess with determination, 

^ 5 ® 1 uafity with concern tor her 
-SSSS? 0 s Pteasure. Her group is back 
■jwtiwownw works at The Race, 17 | whowasiw 

(01^70031). | JJJjjgjg 


COMING HOME: Sir Joshua Reynolds 
returns to London for a major exhibition at 
the Royal Academy where he was the first 
president, 200 years ago: The show 
provides a fresh perspective on an artist 
who was revered In his lifetime and revfted 


affectionate tribute to tile thnllers of Alfred 
Hitchcock based on Ihe novel by John - 
Bowen. It launches a new season of 
made-for-teievfskxi films or>BBC2. 
Tomorrow, 10.1 5-1 1.50pm. ‘ 


CSJ-MATErWlWam Hurt won the ■ 
Cannes Best Actor award as the 
homosexual who shares his prison cell 
wfflra radical- journalist in Kiss of the 
Spider-Woman {151 Lumiere (01-836 . 
OfelJ Screen on the HIU *1-435 3366), 
Gate Netting Hill (01-221 0220) from 
Thursday. . - . 


HAPPY MEDIUM: Marcia Warren, winner 
of the Laurence Olivier Award for best 
comedy performance In Stepping Out, 
plays the medium Madame Arcan in a 
revival of Noel Coward's Birtha Spirit With 
Joanna Lumlev. Simon Cadell and Jane 
Asher. Vaudeville (01-836 9988), previews 
from Friday, opens January 30. 




3-andscape paintings by Louis 
aJucros, a Swiss artist who was 
•popular among British patrons and 
' wstercolourists at the turn of the 
18th and 19th centuries. 
jWhitworth Art Gallery, University of 
Manchester, Whitworth Park, 
Manchester M15 (061 273 4865). 

JOHN D UNCAN; Reassessment of 
the Scottish Symbolist painter who 
dfetflft 1945. 

City of Edinburgh Art Centre, 2 
Market Street. Edinburgh {031 225 
2424). From today. 

few YORK THOUGHTS: Recent 
work inspired by a visit to the 
United States, by the British artist 
Fabian Peake. 

Castiefield Gallery. 5 Campfield 
Avenue Arcade, off Deansgate, 
Manchester M3 (061 8321&34). 
From today. 

CA^AR NEWER: First showing In 
this country of work by Bertolt 
Brecht’s designer, comprising 150 
drawings from plays and operas. 
Riverside Studios. Crisp Road, 
Hammersmith, London W6 (01-741 
2251). From Tues. 

ROBIN CAMPBELL: Exhibition to 
commemorate the director of tire 
Arts Council from 1969-1978, with 
wonrDy 50 ertists/friends, 
including Giacometti and Matisse. 
Smith's Galleries, 33 Shelton 
Street London WC2 (01-629 9495 
ext 322 for information). From 

from ancient Greece and Rome 
include Aphrodite on a mirror' 
handle (4th century BC), a bronze 

with work by Picasso, MW, DaD 
and Gaudi. - 

Hayward Gallery, South Bank," 
London SE1 (0V9283144). . 


hefrnet (6th century BC), an ancient 
iriarfita hound out hunting. AQ from 
private collections and rarely seen 
before by the public. 

KkkteQ Gallary, Sotheby's. 24-35 
New Bond Street London '.VI (01- 
4SSB080). From Wed. 


TWrty^eight drawings and 
wgaTcdours by J. M. W. Turner in 
usual exhibition of works from the 
c c Bpc fion of the Victorian Henry 
\SQdhan. Includes views of 
Engjand and Scotland as wed as 
Genoa ny. Switzerland and Italy. 
NaUdnaJ Galleries of Scotland. The 
Mound, Edinburgh (031 556 8921). 

tribute to the art and architecture of 
the 'Spanish city from 1 888 to 1936, 


THE LIGHT ROUGH: New comedy 
by Brian' Thompson with Tony 
Selby, Alfred Lynch, Louise 
Jameson, Headier Canning; 
William Hoy land. Olivier Ford 
Davies; directed by Michael 

Hampstead Theatre, Swiss 
Cottage Centre, London NW3 (01- 
7229301). Previews from Thurs. 
Opens Jan 22. 


Kerry Crabbe's evocation of the 
early life of the Irish writer, returns 
with Dermot Crowley and now 
directed by Deborah Bestwick. 
Trfcyde, 269 Wlbum High Road, 
London NW6 (01-328 8826). 
Previews Thurs and Frl. Opens Jan 
18: Band Aid Benefit press night 
Jan 20. 

Walker directs a production of 
David Mamet's piay. 

Cld Red Lion, St John Street 
London N1 (01-837 7616). Press 
preview Mon. Opens Tues. 

Boys, Andrew Aliy and Howard 
Lester foflow their eponymous 
study of masculinity with a survey 
of male attitudes to women. 

Lyric Studio, King Street London 
W6 (01-741 231 ll Opens Thurs. 
Press night Jan 20. 

Paterson in a comedy show In 
collaboration with sculptor George 
Wytlle and musician Tony Gorman, 
directed by Kenny Ireland. An 
award winner at trie Edinburgh 
Festival Fringe 1 985. 

Institute of Contemporary Arts (01- 
930 3647). Opens Tues. Press 
night Wed. 

Bates and Patrick Garland In a 
celebration of the late Philip Larkin, 
first performed at the Harrogate 

Cottestoe (01-928 2252). 

Thurs, 730pm. 

Brown's musical version of Sinclair 
Lewis's novel of a preacher without 

Gate Theatre Club, 11 Pembridge 
Road, London Wtl (01-229 Q7Q6). 
Preview today. Opens Mon. 








rm&FEmuAKr adai 

...GKEJCTBMnnUl... BHn 
UHYBnuuxrr — W ffl 


tMZBM’womBnm WM i 

Tiffiffg 80 DOUBT THAT 19| 




THEWBOriwKWiws ■ . 



.RAW . ' mm ' == 

;. - 1 — jjSSn55S|®i555wS^^isi 


l fflSSINGA 
1 ' EASFiwawn« 


1 OR IF YOU'RE ffl 


■ [FROM 17 FEB'] 
am jmimrlhkm 


McKellen Is superb as the 
equivocal hireling Bcsota in a grand 
revival of Webster's Jacobean 
shocker. With Edward 
Petherbridge Jonathan Hyde, 
Eleanor Bren, Sheila Hancock and 

Lyttelton (01-928 2252). In 

TALE HEART: Forget the first half 
or Steven Berkoffs one-man 
double bRI. but go for his mesmeric, 
bravura recital of the Poe 

Donmar Warehouse (01-379 6565). 
Until Jan 18. 

JUDY: A slick, well-staged n 
biography of Judy Garland, 
Impersonated with uncanny 
accuracy by Lesley Mackie. 
Greenwich (01 -858 77K). - 



INTERPRETERS: Edward Fox and 
Maggie Smith (above) lead in 
Ronald Harwood’s tncky, ' . 

atmospheric confrontation afthe iu 
edges of the Cold War. - ' ■*« 

Queens (01-734 11 66). £ 

pRAVDA: David Hare and Howar&-- 
Brenton’s near-th e-knuckle 
accountoftfie rise of a ruthless r 
colonial newspaper magnate 1 
provides Anttony Hoptans with a ■ ' 
gem of a role. 

Olivier (Ot-928 2252). In repertory: 

Berstein's Broadway hit provides a 
showcase for Antony Sheras the 
plucky drag queen and for Miriam 
Karlin and Tan Sears. 

Albery (01-836 3878). 


COVENTRY: Goat World premiere 
of a one-woman show by Louise 
Page, presented by Paines Plough. 

I A research laboratory worker 



THESURE THING (15): An uncouth 
male arid a strait-laced female find 
themselves partners on a trip to 
Cafifomia. Sflghtiy superior 
teenage comedy from Rob Reiner, 
director cti tfte hilarious 77ns fs 
Spina/ Tap: with John Cusack, - 
Daphne Zuniga. " 

Cannon Haymarket (01-839 1527), 
Cannon Tottenham Court Road 
(01-636 6148), Cannon Chelsea 
(01-352 5096). From Fri. 

DEATH WISH 3 (16): Yef morb 
vengeful killings on the streets of 
New York: filmed; however, in 
London by the indefatigable.’ •- 
Michael Winner. With Charles 
Bronson, Deborah Baffin, Ed 

Cannon Haymarket (01-839 1527), 
Prince Charles Theatre (01 -437 
8181). From Fri. 

RE-ANIMATOR (18k Bad taste 
enthusiasts should nave a field-day 
with this gory horror film adapted 
from an H. P. Lovecraft story. With 
Jeffrey Combs as the re-animator 
of dead bodies; efirected by Stuart 
Gordon. . 

Screen on tiie Green (01 -226 3520), 
Odeon Kensington (01-602 6644). 
Bom Fri. 


cycle of fBms by tiie great 
Japanese director begins on Mon 
with the energetic Sanshtro Sugata 
(1943) and concludes on Jan 26 
with a preview of Ran (already sold 
out). Jn between, 25 other 13ms, 
rich In visual majesty and human 

Barbican Ctneme-2 (01-638 6895 
and 01-628 8795). . . ' • 


Michael CtmJno’s swaggering 
thriller, with Mickey Rourke as the 
cop trying to dean up New York’s 
Chinatown. Plot and characters 
play second and third fidde to 
visual fir ewor ks. 

ABC Shaftesbury Avenue (01-838 

P unchy British thriller attacking 
Fleet Street's politics and morals. 

Creator of the 
cosmic spin-off 

Punchy British thriller attacking 
Fleet Street's politics and mora 

until Wed. 

GLASGOW: The Spanish Bawd: 
Phlfip Prowse designs find tfirects 
this production of toe play by 
Fernando de Rojas. 

Citizens’ (041 429 0022). Opens Fit 

LEICESTER: The Merchant of 
Venice: Michael Joyce directs toe 
resident company of seven to this 
“Ironic comedy". 

Haymarket Stuctio (0533 539 797). 
Opens Wed. 

NOTTINGHAM CetabratipB . 
Revival of Keith Waterhouse and 
WBfis HalTs comedy which was 
premiered here in 1961 . James 
Tomlinson directs Donald McBride, 
Cliff Howells, Ann Rys, Barrie 
Smith. Jane Hazetarove.- ■ 
Playhouse (0602419419). Opens 

SUDBURY: A Sight Hitch: Wbrld 
prensere of Trestie Theatre 
Company's comedy in fufl mask 
withm ugc. 

Quay (0787 74745). Opens Thurs. 
Until Jan 18. 

Fine playing from Gabriel Byrne 
and Denholm EBott directed by 
David Drury. Odeon Haymarket 

FIRE FESTIVAL (18): Abrade and 
striking film from Mltsuo' . 
Yanagimachl, charting the battle 
between traditional life-styles and 
modem crvfllzation in a small 
■ Japanese coastal town. . . 

ICA Cinema (01^930.3647). 


FEN ARCHIVE: Pictures from 
commercial photographers. 

: . •: . • . x? :•••;• : • . .. . 


O nly. -Douglas Adams 
couH have dreamed up 
Douglas Adams. Super- 
ficially' he is a standard 
bipedal, carbon-based life form, 
but' the scaling is all wrong. He 
is six foot five and weighs 
sixteen and a half stone. His 
temperament, is that of an 
• amiable . overgrown schoolboy 
. obsessed by. gadgets. He has 
been; able to fimd this obsession 
by the quite gigantic success of a 
series of four books, spin-offs 
from' two brief BBC radio series 
called The Hitch-Hiker’s Guide 
to the Galaxy. Only in those 
books are to be discovered 
creatures quite as pristinely 
improbable as D. Adams. 

He was bom in Cambridge in 
1952 and was'later a student at 
the university .there. At some 
point be saw. John Cleese on 
television and decided that was 
what he wanted to do. .So - of 
course - he joined the Cam- 
bridge Footlights! ; . • _ 

Adams lakes' up 1 the story: 
“After- university - me and a 
couple of guys decided to make 
a go of whting.together and- we 
then had an argument about 
what son of jobs -we ought to 
take tQ support us in the 
meantime. They argued for a 
sound career to fell back on. I 
argued for -the minithnm job 
necessary, for survival so mat 
there ' would, -be no' fall-back 
position, -you- would have to 
become a writer! It worked too 
- Tra-a writer and neither of 
them are.” 

One ‘of the ‘jobs he took was 
wrflr .a security -firm which 
involved guarding- the hotel 
zdoms-of Arab royalty. ! 

.For hours be tot in corridors 
doing, .nothixig,. letfirig- his .mind 
wander arpnhd; piiH^ that had ’ 
crosed his -mind while mildly 
drunk duringa hitch-hiking trip 
1 in Austria!. -Then he had been 
staring at toe stare! This time he 
was.stanng at the Hfts is the 
Hilton. Itis, apparently, bad. for 
lifts -not to- be in use . Sk>, during 
the nighL a-random circuit cut 
in which moved the lifts' 
automatically. As a ■ result 
Adams was subjected to the 
eerie spectacle of empty lifts 
repeatedly stopping at his floor,, 
the dobra opening and precisely 
15 seconds, of ihuz&k- being 
played in his direction.. 

The ;combinatidn of cosmic 
speculation 'and the kind of 
technology which makes yon 
think you axe going nail was to 
provide the baSs of the books. 

A radio producer hard about 

photography’s early days to about 

Cambridge Darkroom, Dales 
Brewery, Gwydir Street 
Cambridge (0223 350725). 

Herrmann of the Sunday Times 
documents Bob Gektofs recent 

fict-flruflfrg mission through- 

Africa's famine bett. Al the< 
photographs are taken from the 
book, VVSh Gefdofln Africa (Tones 
Books, £5.95). 

HamRton’s Gaftery. 13 Carlos 
Place, London W1 (01-499 9493). 

highlights the dramatic changes 
that poflttcal upheavals have made 
b) women's lives. 

Impressions GaBery, 17 
Comergate. York (0904 54724}.. 




FESTIVAL YEAR: Highlights of the 
SOthamtiversary wM be 
perforraances of the- opera 
Gotumba by Kenneth LdghtonTn 
the nave (Feb S-7) and a recital by 
Bwjamth Luxon and Geoffrey 
Parsons. ^Ascripti on s available. 
Ticket centre. Car a fierigg s , 

JOHNNY MATHIS: Booking open 

for concerts to Bournemouth, 
Blackpool, Brighton, Birmingham 
and London (Hammersmith 
Odeon). May-June. 

Box Office, PO Box IAS, London 
Wi . Credit card hgtitoe (01 ^40 . . 

PownaM’s adaptation of Jane 
, Austen's novw opens in Uxidon ■ 
Jan 29. 

Old Vic. The Cut London SE1 (01- 

Mirumafist Ameri can composer 
Wngs Ws recent cofTOOsitions 
! Sftmwfand Now York Cou n te r point 
to Briteto tor the first time. The tour 
beghs to London (Jan 29). 

Dominion Theatre, London WC1 
(01-387 9629L For other venues: 
JUlsCounc9 (01 -629 94951. 


Cartoons by Sr David Ixw.-Ends . . 
to morrow. ■ 

National Portrait 6allery. St 
Martel's Place. London-WC2 
(01-930 1552). 

performa nc es on Wed of The 

.Royal Festival Hafi. South Bank, ' 
Xondon SE1 (01-928 3191; credft 
cards: 01-928 880Q). 

.For ticket avaOabOity, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
. numbers listed. 

Films: Geoff Brown; Theatre: 
Tony Patrick, and Martin . 
Cropper; Galleries: Sarah 
Jane Check land; 
Photography: Michael 
Young; Bookings; Anne 

An idea that came to 
Douglas Adams 
ona hitch-hiking 
holiday lias earned 
Mm much more 
than a cult following 

his ideas and invited him to 
writo-a treatment for a series of 
stories in each of which the 
world carae to an end.' But 
Adams only managed to think 
of one form of the apocalypse 
and decided simply to develop 
that > Arthur Dent, hapless 
earthmap, and Ford Prefect, 
researcher from somewhere in 
the vicinity of Betelgeuse, had 
been born, not to mention the 
two-headed unreconstructed 
hippy Zaphod Beeblebrox. 

But the series vanished into 
the BBC bureaucracy and did 
not re-emerge until 1977. 

A t first the shows seemed 
no more, than reason- 
ably successful But, 
when the first book 
came out, rt became clear that 
Adams was about to become 
absurdly rich. He had invented 
a form for radio which worked 
better as a novel. He produced 
three more books and started to 
receive advice about spending a 
year overseas from his account- 
ant All four books- have sold 
more than two million copies in 
Britain and the United-States. 

In addition there were several 
stage :pldys and a rather poor 
tttervisomversion. Finally - and 
this is : the biggy - there was a 
computer game. 

■ “1 had just thought computer 
games were about zapping 
aliens but then 1 discovered 
Ihfocom adventure games and I 
suddenly felt at home. There 
-was some real wit and intelli- 
gence involved.” 

The hitch-hiker game sold 
250,000 copies at £35 a time. 

Another computer game 
called Bureaucracy will come 
out -next-year. -This involves a 
mass of seemingly- ! random' 
adventures, all generated by the 
player’s attempt to persuade his 

bank to acknowledge a change 

of address card. 

On top of all this, Adams has 
embarked, on a series of b izarre 
expeditions around the world. 
One is to travel from London to 

New York overland. That 
. would be possible but for the 
English Channel crossing. Un- 
fortunately the Russians are 
’ unlikely to co-operate in letting 
him walk across the ice of the 
■ Bering Strait as he would have 
to travel through some highly- 
militarized zones. He is, how- 
ever, working on ft. 

He is" now involved in yet 
another appeal to help the 
starving in Africa. Called Comic 
Relief, it features Rowan Atkin- 
son, John Lloyd, Mel Smith, 
Griff Rhys-Jones and Rik 
' MayalL 

And finally he has won a 
$2^275,000 dollar advance from 
his American publishers for bis 
next two books. These are not 
to continue the hitch-hiker 
series. “They will be recogni- : 
zably me but radically different 
- at least from my point of 
view. The story is based on here 
and now but the explanation 
turns out to be science fiction”. 
In the first draft of the new 
book all the characters are 
named after estate agenls.- 

If a problem arises with the 
plot Adams solves it as 
unconvincingly as possible - all 
the characters in the hitch-hiker 
series appear to speak English, 
for example, because of the 
Babel Fish which, when placed 
in- the ear, automatically trans- 
lates aD alien languages. They 
are. in addition, all tightly 
written in a way which betrays 
Adams's love of Wodehouse 
and his dislike of “serious” 
science fiction. 

“This house- is full of sed^fi 
books and I've read 15 pages of 
a lot of them. But I cannot 
stand bad writing. Look at Isaac 
Asimov, for example, he has 
great ideas but the- prose is the 
worst American Express j unk 
mail style.” 

I broach the real sutyect of 
my visit - in the computer 
game of the televirion series of 
the stage play of the book of the 
radio show how do you actually.' 
get the Babel Fish into your ear? 

“Ah”, says Adams, S^u need 
thejunk mail." 

Of course, how stupid of me. 

I leave, feeling so unhip that it 
was a miracle my bum hadn't 
dropped off (joke courtesy of Z. , 
Beeblebrox). ' ' 

Bryan Appleyard 

The original raefio scripts of The 
Hitch-fixer's Outdo to the Galaxy 
h awr jugtbaen pubSshad by Pan at 

Crtw w H w i tew i I Mtol xm 


DOGE DAYS: Aenato Bnrson play^ the 
title rote m Verdi’s Simon Boccanegra m. 
tiie flMated Royal OperaiHTiduiaioirwhich 
last week lost tiie services of PlacJdo ' •• 
Domingo who was to have sunghia first- . 
Gabriele Adorno. But Kiri te KaftaWa is still 
Amelia. Covert Garden <01 -24ff 1068T • 
from Tuesday. 


Out of the 
Mole hole 

Now' that her spotty ^faccd 
schoolboy Adrian Mote has 
made her -a virtual - millionaire, 
Sue Townsend has moved ozl-to 
adult education.- Her -play 
You Sitting star- 

ring Paul Oaneman and Doro- 
thy Turin,; is set. in >an adult 
literacy class .with Turin as the 
teacher and Dancmen. .as an 
unemployed ironmongfer who 
believes he is Uving in- an ' hotel 
when it is, if only he could read 

It is a comedy With strpng 
political overtones, says ' its 
director Maria Aitken, “Very 
tough on woolly-minded litera- 
lism and about the lower orders 
of journalism”. Miss - Ailkcn, 
whose company Dramatis Per- 
sonae is producing the play in a 
short provincial run, tid£es that 
a resulting West. End, success 
win dig Miss Towtfsend out of 
her Mole -hole and encourage 
her'to concentrate oil the stage. 

“She is a better playwright 
than novelist, she has her finger 
on the pulse of- . public .re- 
sponse”, says Maria. “That gift 
ought tote exploited.”' . 

New waves 

Of the 65 applicants for the 
North London ■_ community 
radio franchise which the Home 
Secretary is now. deliberating 
on. one is “a kind ota googly* 
according to Paul CoHard, 31- 
year-old general manager , of the 
Institute of ConleGdpdrmy! Arts! 
whose bid- is for a '.’aajfoh 
devoted to the **iujLs com- 
munity”. “ft will be'a'kind of 
radio version of Channel. 4”, he 
says, “with a small ': team of 
commissioning editors ^<1 all 
the programmes' made out&ide. 
If the ICA is. involyel ,'witii 
discovering and promoting new 
ideas in the ans,flus ^exactly 
the kind of area we sbbufd . be 
moving into now. To' -borrow a 
phrase from Anthony BlaCks- 
tone (finance director. ;for : . the 
Arts Council), The .aria,' ixti pact 
insufficiently on' . the '■com- 
munity’”. - 

# At the ripe age of 43, rock 
singer Ian Duryls taking, ap a 
new career as an actor, pHaylsg 
the title role in a new play by 
Mary O’Malley, Talk of the ■’ 
DeviL Although die partis 
demanding, Dury wfflte'i • 
allowed one day off in thr ' ' 
middle of its nmat Wrifttiln 
deference to the id^onMisi 
O’Malley, there wffl be-rto 
performance on Good Friday. - 

Too distracting 

During' the unique" ten-part 
tribute to Philip Lafitin, moun- 
ted by. the BBC over the pastien 
days, there has been no sighi pf 
the Poet Laureate, Ted ; Hughes.. 
Both were feyourites . for. the 
Laureateriiip '•wheii-'^Sir.-, Jphfr 
Betieman! died, -so ■ efid die 
rivalry linger on? Apparently 
noL ' 

Larkin and Unghes'- 

Hughes was dpe to. chp .tiie 
series tomorrow- night, ; rading 
Larkin's Atibddc. -But^bei Jtas 
suffered a fall and his face is 
covered with bandages.* vT -Jell 
my appearanre.wotild copxpete 
with any poem; bf 
says apologetically^! - 1 - f .; 

Showsteifer f 

Andy Warhoi b-ln'givfe i&'frrst 
one-man thearref -'' ' shbtirv 'bn 
Broadway in the ^inng. .Or not, 
as the case: iiiayr.j'be. Bor 
although no other actors willbe 
on stage during- tte two-hour 
performance, - neither riU War- 
hoL His place will betaken by, a 
robot. : r-' 

The diOw*s director; Pfe£fer 
Sellers^ who more - sensibiy 
heads the Araericas-'T4arionaI 
Theatre, says optimlstieaBy: 
“You won’t be attic to-tefl tte 
difference.”:' _ ' • . ; : 





; a >C>-^ ; > % '4 

*■' '**■’* '--, 'J - 

■ir-“- t •*!>• 



’ 4 r> 



Transylvanian terror: Bela Lngosi-moves menacingly towards Frances Dade, one of the victims in Dracnla 

Getting a taste for blood 


When Bram Stoker, the Irish-, 
man who was stage manager for 
the great Victorian actor Sir 
Henry Irving, created his 
Transylvanian blood . sucker. 
Count -Dracula, he could never 
have guessed what -a splendid 
present he was giving to the 
cinema. • 1 

Although it took nearly a 
quarter of a century from the 
publication of Stoker's novel in 
1897 to the appearance of the 
first important screen versions, 
once having tasted blood (as it 
were) the cinema has hardly left 
the count alone. So far the tally 
of Dracula -films is more than 
40, with goodness knows how 
many yet to come. 

The oldest surviving version 
is Nosferatu, made in Germany 
in 1922 by F. W. Mumau and 
starring Max Schreck as the' 
vampire. The first significant 
sound-, film, called simply 
Dracula,- starred 1 'Bela " Lugosi 
and was made by Universal 
Studios in Hollywood in 1931. 
These two films launch a 
Channel 4 season' of late-night 
horror today (1 1pm- 1 .30am). 

Nosferatu has an interesting 
history. Stoker's novel being 
pirated by Mufoanuo avoid 
having to pay for the rights. He 
had done the same, two years 
earlier with Stevenson's Dr 

-Jekyll-and Mr Hyde. Thus while 
retaining ' the basic Dracula 
story, Murnau re-named the 
central; character, Orlok, alias 
Nosferatu; and set' the film 
mainly, in the German seaport. 
- of Bremen. 

But Stoker’s widow was not 
deceived and* two months after 
Nosfa-atu 's . first showing in 
Berlin she brought* an action 
against the production company 
for infringement of copyright. 
After years of wrangling she 
eventually won and the court 
ordered 'all the prints to be 

The negative, however, had 
already been sold abroad and so 
the film survived. Making every, 
allowance for its age, it is still an 
impressive piece which tho- 
roughly justifies its sub-title; "A 
Symphony of 1 ' Terror”. More 
than anything this is due to the 
performance of Schreck. 


★ The New Babylon (1929): 
Vibrant Soviet classic by Kozintsev, 
and Trauberg about tbs Paris - . 
Commune of 1 871 j in a restored 
version with the' original score by a 
23-year-old Dmitri Shostakovich 
(BBC2, today, MD-IOpm). 

Knl$it Without Annpirfl 937): 
Smashing yarn from Alexander 
Korda about a widowed countess 
(Marlene Dietrich) helped to safety 
by a British Journalist (Robert 
Donat) during the Russian 
Revolution; affected by Jacques 
Feyder (BBC2, Wed, 6-7.45pm). 

In . contrast to the. well- 
groomed vampire created by 
Stoker, Schreck is a grotesque 
with a chillingly ugly skeletal 
face and long, pointed talons 
like the hands of an animal. It is 
a performance all the more 
effective for eschewing the 
frenetic gestures often assopi- 
ated'with silent screen acting. 

Nosferatu is also notable for 
hs use of real locations, rather 
than the studio sets normally 
favoured by the German film 
makers of the 1.920s; and 
technical effects including nega- 
tive-film, to convey a sense of 
eeriness, and speeded - up 
motion. . 

../The; Hollywood Dracula 
(which is being shown first, 
from Upon to 12.25am) is 
closer to Stoker, though derived 
not so much from the novel as a 
stage version which was put on 
in London and New York 

★ Sunday hi the Country (1984): 
Veteran stage actor Louis Decreux 
. ha triumphant /Dm debut as the 
artist taking stock of his fife in 
Bertrand Tavernier's moving hymn 
to old age, set in the French 
countryside in 1910 (Channel 4, 
Wed, 10-1 1.50pm). 

Look Back in Anger (1959): 

Richard Burton as Jimmy Porter, 
with Mary Ure and Claire Bloom, in 
Tony Richardson's opened-out 
verson of the historic John 
Osborne play; prefaces a Swinging 
Sixties season on Channel 4 (Fri, 

•k First British tolovison showing 

during the 1920s. It was on 
stage that the Hungarian actor , , 
Bela Lugosi, first played the 
count and when Lon Chancy,; 
his rival for the film version, 
died in 1930, Lugosi got the 

Standing well over six foot. 
Lugosi was an imposing screen 
presence with, as one contem- 
porary reviewer noted, a cruel 
smile. He became so identified 
with Dracula that the rest of his 
film 'career was an anti-climax, 
though be played the pan, 
several more times on the stage 
and brought a production to 
England in 1951. 

Judged by the slick film 
making of today, Dracula is a 
creaky piece with, too much talk 
and not enough pace. But the 
compensations are considerable. ! 

- The camerawork of the^ 
expatriate German, Karl 
Freund, is particularly memor- 
able, evoking a landscape of fog 
and shadows in which the cold 
and damp can almost be felt.! 
And there is a splendidly 
Gothic Transylvanian castle, 
the creation of the an director, 
Charles D. Hall. 

The historical importance of 
Dracula has been enormous. It 
made a star of Lugosi, gave 
Universal 1 5 years of prosperity 
as a purveyor of screen horror 
and, with the Boris Karloff 
Frankenstein, was instrumental 
in launching the modern horror 

IS Jan Mwilwi Theme arm VjiiAltora Bach F-arilj in 0 r !?> ir>d r 4G- » 
7.30 pm r-aneja ntun BW; 1004. Fault Sinaia No 2 m E m-nii Do : jo. 

Fa i* Sui'e FoduUiw Espagnoie 

1 1 SO £Ti-0 C3S0 MinMBwn; E 

Thursday ANDREW COLDER and JANET EDWARDS A laotal lor bwncnc end 
16 Jan faano Foul Ana Ar.o^j Bertnoven An die 1 o»ik- ‘jrhotTC Ravel C-u 
7 JO pm Mica Duic>nre. Donald Fraser The Aawtjrvzc' Ir iiViMM Pan 

I thru certordldtcc/ S2.50 Seven MOWS U4 

G LG Wbrking |*| 

QARRICK S 01-836 *601 PC 370 
6*33 A er 24 hr/7 day 240 7200. Grp 
Sates 930 6123. Ev*, ao. wed mat 
3A Sat B.O and 8.0. 


NEW LONDON Drury Lana WC 2 Ol 
405 0072 CC Ol 379 6433 Eves 7 46 


Group Bookings 01 406 1667 or 01 
930 6123 (Apply dally to Box OfTJc* (or 
returns). Postal apod canons now being 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 TB 
26 Jam. Mon-Pri 7 JO. Wed Mala 2 . 30 . 

Evenings 7 . 46 . Mai Sal 2-50 JUDY A 
musical play by Terry Wale. -‘ReroarV- 
aHe . . . DOS- -Lesley MaOUo is 
uneatmlly ntowmiitr ... an assozv 
Wilnp performance - Dl Tel 
-Avoorw . . ■ Garlands lor Judy" 
Sunday Emms. 

Basil and Bragg 

office A CC 01-930 9832 . CC hotline 
T 41 9999 . Oroup Sates 930 61 23 



For an authentic, constantly 
illu minating ; and .' completely' 
unpretentious seli^xjrtrait of an 
outstanding comic talent, rune 
in to The South Bank Show 
11TV. tomorrow,- - 1 0.30-1 130 
pm). The subject isJohnXaeese- 

In conversation with. Melvyn 
Bragg, Geese provides an 
indispensable background to 
the manic humour of Monty 
Python and Fawtty Towers. The 
talk . not only enriches., a 
generous selection of-ctips but is 
often almost as funny. Cleese is 
not a man who needs a script. 

Essentially^ he sees his com- 
edy as blowing the lid off the 
British middle-class pressure to 
conform and giving vent to the 
seething rage that exists beneath 
a brittle politeness. For some- 
one who was six foot tail by the 
age of 12, and looked (his own 
phrase) tike a cross between a 
giraffe .'and a hover- 
craft this may - not have been 
too difficult. 

But there was solid ©raft as 
welL The half-hour episodes of 
Faulty Towers filch took up to 
six weeks to write.. Since then, 
and mainly as a. result of 
psychotherapy, Cleese has be- 
come ^resolutely less hard 
working”. More pX peace -with 
hims elf; he no longer feels the 
compulsion of the work ethic. 

Also' funny, in a somewhat 
-desperate way. is tonight's 
Channel 4 programme. As- 
sembled^ in Britain (7.30-8.30 
pm), in which the design guru 
Stephen .Bayley and historian 
. CorreUi Barnett take/ a disen- 
chanted: wallow through the 
murkier waters of poor old 
clapped-out British industry. 

The keynote is struck early 
: on when they use a French ball- 
point to , sign: for a Belgian 
: assembled:.. Vauxhafi Cavalier 
rented from, an Americas .hire 
firm. Cheerfully deploring , this 
state of affairs, our sceptical duo 
tour the land quoting Rpskin 
and Henry Ford add .coining 
some choice phrases of their 
own, such as Barnett's descrip- 
tion of the .car industry as 
“coolies ted by cowboys”. 

Rich in invective, short on 
anaylysis and firing at : f a m i h ar 
targets (Linwood; the Mini), 
Bayley and Barnett are nothing 
if 'not -an entertainment. For a 
less colourful but more, sus- 
-taif^d account of the decline of 
British industry, see. BBC2’s All 
Out Working Lives, which gets 
.a deserved repeat on Wednes- 
' day (8-9 pm). 

' Filling the Sunday evening 
drama slot for the next eight 
weeks is. Bluebell (7.45-8Jb 
pm), the story of the Dublin 
orphan girl who danced her way 
to the' Fdies Bergfyre. 
She' is played by Carolyn 
Pickles, "a fair lookalike and 
more than- ’adequate dancer. But 

Manic at work: John Cleese, Fawlty Towers star and writer, 
discusses his humour in The South Bank Show 

on the. evidence of the first 
.episode, the show could do with 
more pep and a sharper script 

There is drama of a different 
ilk in Dead Head (BBC2, Wed, 
9.25-10.15 pm). A Four-pan 
thriller by Howard Brenton, 
who gave us the controversial 
The Romans in Britain, it takes 
its inspiration from the Holly- 
wood film' noir. which means 
lots of night shots and heavy 
shadows. Denis Lawson plays a 
small time crook who discovers 
a severed head in a hat box. 

Peter Adam’s Arehitecure at 
the Crossroads (BBC2, tomor- 
row, £35-10.15 pm) is a look at 

modern building design by 
someone who is not himself an 
architect His perspective is 
rightly critical but not without 
hope. Despite strenuous efforts 
to the contrary, humanity is 
making a come-back. 

There is no such optimism in 
Rex Bloomstdn’s documentary. 
Torture (ITV, Tues, 10.30-1 1 30 
pm). Though banned under 
international law, torture is 
practised in 70 countries. 
Testimonies from torturers and 
victims alike make sombre 
viewing but are an essential 
reminder of inhumanity at 

Time flies for a celebrated swindler 


The beauty of radio is that actors can stay 
young, or grow old, without spending horns 
in the make-up department. Titus Marjorie 
Westbary amid play Paul Temple's Steve 
for 30 yens with never a grey hair and 
Patrick Mower can age 50 years and pat on 
ten stones as: the- colourful rogue, Horatio 
Bottomin’. . , . 

Mower plays Bottomley te Man of the 
People (Radio 4, today, &3<ML0rtV* com e 
treatment hy AHen Sadler of fhe re tnark - 
able life of a wn who was by terns patriot, 
businessman, member of P arli a ment , cheat 
aid swindler, dying almost penniless: after 
searringa seven-year sentence for fromLBut 
man of the people he liked to see hnasett, 
the -poor orphan boy with p. genuine 
affection, ibri the common nwu Amomi tes. 
pastimes was' the music hall and Sadlers 
pliy idkcts ti*ut with selections from the 

a 3 fith-century 

rogue to-a king of ancient Britain, but Radio 
3 tomorrow has a new production of 
Shakespeare’s littie performed play, Cym- 
beline {730-1 lpm). Alec McCowen. who 
was made-a CBE in the New Year's 
■ honours list, plays the monarch with Anita 
CaMer-Marshall as his daughter, Imogen. 

The production has specially composed 
music by Dona Sekacz, whose recent stage 
credits inclnde Sing Lear and T/oihu and 
Cressida. for the Royal Shakespeare 
Company and The Critic and The Chary 
Orchard for the National Theatre. For the . 
dream sequence of CymbeBne .she has 
provided a ' mixture of vocal, organ, 
.pereusskm and harp. ^ 

Hie Monday Play (Radio .4, SJ5- 
930pm) is A Day Off, a dra mati z ation by 
Egamg Feinstein of Storm Jameson's novel 
about a middle-Jiged woman burdened by 
memories - of the past and fears for the 
future- She is played by Brenda Bruce. , 

During - the - Second World - War 45 
million people were called up in Britain and 
60,000 of them applied for exemption as 
consdentioos objectors. ’ In .the Radio 4 
documentary Conchies (tomorrow, 10.15- 

11pm) Tony Parker talks to seven of them 
about their experiences then and their 
feelings today. Some conchies were happy 
to do civilian work or join the Forces as 
non-combatants, others, refusing to do any 
war service at aQ, went to prison. One man 
had his favourite hat burned by his 
prospective father-in-law, a pear. But in 
genual a tricky problem was handled with 
a commendable degree of tolerance. 

In 1988 a new school examination, the 
GCSE, is doe to replace the present O 
Level and CSE. Its whys and wherefores 
ire examined In One Exam For AH? Madia 
4, Thors, 7^40-9pmX with a contribution 
from tiie Education Secretary, Sir Keith 
Joseph, and a phone-in. Margaret Percy Is 
the chairperson. 

The latest subject for I Call It Style 
ffiadio'2, Tues, 8~9pm) is the tragic Jody 
Garland. As Hubert Gres reminds us is 
his gently nostalgic way, July was a victim 
almost from the start, a virtual prisoner of 
tite MGM studio which decided her clothes 
and her diet and stuffed her with piDs. That 
she survived as long as she did Is something 
of'business miracle. * 

cvn«tm ~«*l rvm<i -11 -»wni r\ i ric-Mni <n 



' Dispute over Westland bid meeting 

argues over 


Lv i 

• _ By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 

Mr Michael Heseltine said yesterday that 
former. Cabinet colleagues barf confirmed 
his. own understanding that the Prime 
Miniver had promised a further meeting of 
ministers to consider the Westland options. 

Downing Street sources said on Friday 
that there was no evidence and no record of 
a meeting being promised on Monday, 
December 9, when Mr Heseltine was given 
unit!. Friday, December 13, to come up 
with a European alternative to the bid 
already tabled by United Technologies- 

Mr Heseltine has said that arrangements 
were made for a further meeting to be held 
on December 13, but that the arrangements 
were cancelled on December 11 and he 
protested at a full meeting of Cabinet on 
December 12. 

The essence of the choice before 
ministers at their Erst controversial 
meeting on Westland, on December 4, was 
a provisional agreement of the European 
national armaments directors that Europe 
should in future design and build its own 

That agreement was reached on Friday, 
November 29, and when Sir John Cuckney, 
cruurman of Westland, was told about it, he 
took the view that this agreement would 
effectively preclude a Westland agrement 
with United Technologies-Fiat, the 
Sikorsky option. 

Mr Heseltine said on London Weekend 
Television's Weekend World programme 
yesterday that Sir John had said that the 
pro* European stance, the armaments 
directors agreement, therefore had to be 

^The Prime Minister and the Trade and 
Industry Secretary said we should do it at 
once. They tried on the fourth of 
December, they tried on the fifth of 
December and they couldn't succeed. 
Those were the ill-tempered meetings to 
which I have referred. Because they 
couldn't persuade a number of senior 
colleagues that there was the urgency to 
remove the European pref . . choice, 
option, if you put it like that it's the most 
neutral, there wasn't a need to give 
Sikorsky the go-ahead at that time. 

“So the Prune Minister said ‘very well, if 
I can't get it through these ad hoc meetings 
1 will call a full meeting of the Economic 
Affairs Committee of the Cabinet on 
Monday and add the Foreign Secretary’ 
and the purpose was to get the majority m 
order to back tne Sikorsky option and raise 
the European check. She called Sir John 
Cuckney in so that the colleagues should 
hear the maximum strongest case for 
Sikorsky and I had no complaint about 
that, but actually the difficulty was, for the 
Prime Minister, that virtually every new 
colleague who came to that Monday 
meeting who hadn't been at the meetings 
on Friday and the Thursday supported„me - 
and not her. 

“And what did I ask for? I said look 
there’s no way. I'm going to put forward a 
delaying tactic which could lose us 
Sikorsky. I want just a few days until 
Friday in order to see if there is a firm 
proper European choice and if there isn’t, I 
said, 1 will back Sikorsky.” 

It was the essence of Mr Heseltin's 
argument that by keeping the European 
agreement on the table, he kept the 
European option live until the end-o&week 
deadline of December 13. 

His argument is that the Prime Minister 
wanted it rejected outright because that 
would have killed the European option and 
would have left the way clear of the 
Sikorsky deal 

He said on Weekend World: “I think 
that the colleagues had to decide on the 
Monday, were they pre par e d to dose the 
options for Sikorsky. They hadn't got a 
firm European bid on the table, but they 
wanted there to be a chance, a choice, of a 
European alternative and, so when I said, 
we cannot take the risk of losing Sikorsky, 
but let me have just five days, to put a firm 
European choice on the table, so that we 

convenient or inconvenient for a Defence 
Secretary to raise a Cabinet. 

“When the' Prime Minister heard 
reference to the cancelled' meOing,' die 
. didn't say what meeting, she said, theyhad 
no authority. What docs that mean? They 
had no authority. They had the authority of 
the records they had taken of the Monday 


V ..... •‘./'••r ir*l 

V ' • V:’. : r •" •.'» v if " 5 

realized Ihat if .they' tariff' “list ^fourth 

meettog- take place, the same majority .* ' 

coaid have backed Europe. Why? Because 
they wouidhave been.dc«iy awair that on i ‘ • 

. the - documentary -letters ; witWnr Gayerh. a r^r-' 
meat on the fourth and the eighteenth "cijj.rf $ 

October, the preference of ^Government;; ' ,1- . 

was for Europe.” «• •>:' 

, Mr Hescltmc also^aid: “Df OTursePricnc O ‘ ' 

“T iffin if jh e meant they should've come- 
back to me, before they fixed the meeting. 
But as die dearly said the meeting would 
be fixed. gnf T as I accepted the, conclusions 
of that Monday meeting on foe knowledge 
of the meeting, because it was critical, why 
. Was it critical? Because we had to have that 
meeting for colleagues to be given the 

l tYil ■" * ** ■ ; . v wtuou.z tuuc n n 

Ministers are big and powerful people and >: : rJ . 

they ought to be and we need them' to' bcr*^-, •f- . 
that way, but all the- issues fosiyourrefcrs* sv^' 

t way, -out an 
were issues 

which these. . w** * * 

C I wasn’t expected 
to be even-handed’ 

then can see what Sikorsky compared with 
Europe is all about, they backed that 
request of mine, and they gave me the time 
I'd asked so that they could then, in my 
view, have another look at it." 

Mr Heseltine said that there 
had been government letters on October 4 
and October 18 which had indicated a 
preference, then, for the European option. 

The Moil on Sunday yesterday reported 
that the Prime Munster had asked 
President Reagan, at a New York meeting 
to discuss the Reagan-Gorbachov summit, 
on October 22, if there was anything he 
could do to help Westland. Do wing Street 
sources said yesterday that the report was 

They added that they were not aware of 
anyone else making a similar approach at 
that time. 

Mr Heseltine said yesterday that what he 
saw himself as doing in December was 
helping in the achievement of the 
Government's October policy line: a 
European option. 

He said on Weekend World: “My 
intention, when I got to the Friday, is very 
dear. I would have said to my colleagues, 
and they would have made a choice, this is 
either a better or not deal as for as 
Westland is concerned, and I would have 
tried to persuade them to adopt the 
European pre f erence, which is what the 
Government was saying it wanted a month 
and a half before.” 

Responding to the Downing Street charge 
that the Prime Minister was being even- ' 
banded and that he was not bong even- 
handed, he said on the BBC radio World 
This Weekend programme; “I was autho- 
rized by my colleagues to seek a European 
solution. I wasn't expected to be even- 
handed. I was there to see if we oould find a 
European choice. 

Mr Leon Brittan “ready to act immediately in defending British Aerospace” 

‘I put a lot of European ministers and a 
of European companies to a consider- 

loi of European companies to a consider- 
able amount of inconvenience to which 
they responded magnificently and they 
.relied on me, and rightly, because they 
could rely on me to put the arguments as 
dearly as I possibly could in favour of the 
solution which I believed to be right and 
which came dosest to the policies the 

Government themselves believed in, as 
dearly revealed in the letters of the fourth 
and eighteenth of October. 

Bur in the event, he says, the meeting 
promised on the Monday, for December 
13, was not held. When the denial of 
Downing Street sources was put to him on 
Weekend World yesterday, Mr Heseltine 

“Let me tell you what actually happened. 
It was not an easy meeting, none of these 
meetings were easy. The Prime Minister at 
that ‘E* committee had foiled to get the 
majority she thought she was going to get 
when she called, and she foiled sigmfeanuy. 
The colleagues having heard the Prime 
Minis ter having heard Sir John Cuckney, 
wanted the options dearly kept open and 
responded to my suggestion, that as there 
was time, keep Sikorsky on the table, give 
me the time to establish whether there was 
a proper European alternative, and if there 
wasn't I would back Sikorsky. The Prime 
Minister in some heat, said, very well, we 
shall meet again ai 3 o’clock on Friday, 
when the Stock Exchange doses . . . 

"I have just had the odd word, the odd 
colleague who was there, who remembers 
ihe words. Now. let’s assume there is some 
doubt about whether she meant it, whether 
it had a purpose or even, whether it was 

said. Who heard the words? Everybody in 
the room. Who was in the room? 

“The ministers were in the 
room and ... a large part of the Cabinet or 
their representatives. But the Civil 
Servants were in the room. And the Civil 
Servants listen and make notes, they have 
records, diffe r e n t note books for each Civil 
Servant and they have, and then form them 
they produce the minutes. On Wednesday 
those Civil Servants from the Cabinet 
Office began to make the arrangements for 
the Friday meeting. Now what was the 
thought process in their minds do .we 
suppose? It might be a good idea, 
interesting way of spending a Friday 
afternoon. Or is it just possible that they 
made a note, saying that there will be a 
meeting on Friday afternoon, and so, 
assuming there was a consistency between 
Monday Wednesday, they got on behaving 
like good Civil Servants,' and doing what 
they heard the Prime Minster say. Within > 
two hours, the Prime Minister had 
intervened to stop the mee ting. 

“The next day was Cabinet. I was told 
how unwelcomed it would be if I raised this 
matter at Cabinet. 

“But I did raise the matter, because Fm- 
not in the burin ess of being told what it is, 

not take place, then the Sikorsky deal 
would have been allowed to - proceed 
without any further ministerial examin- 
ation, against ' the wishes of a majority of 
the meeting . of .. the ‘E 1 . committee tin 

When' Mr Hesteltine was asked yesterday,'; 
on the World this Weekend, why he had - 
not resigned when the meeting- . was 
cancelled, on December 11, he said; “I. 
believed that it was necessary for me -to, 
protest to my colleagues in Cabinet, whiph 
is what I did, and insits that my protest was 
recorded in the nunutes, which it wasn't, - 

“I then had' to bring to a successful 
conclusion the. work that I had .been 
entrusted by' my colleagues to complete on 
the following Friday, which £ did. which 
was rejected by the board of Westland in 
about 40 minutes. • 

“And so the next week I obviously had 
to refer to the matter again m Cabinet and 
it was made dear to me how unwelcome it 
was that I was continuing to raise these 
things in cabinet 

Asked yesterday why -he had not asked , 
for the issue to be put on the Cabinet 
agenda for December 12, as alleged .by 
Downing Street sources; Mr Heseltine said 
that he had insisted. He said on Weekend 
World: “1 took what steps were necessary 
to ensure that the Prime Minister knew 
that I was not going to let that Cabinet go- 
past without raising . the issue of the 

Prime . Minister has a; decisive-- : influences- 7 1 ' .. 
over many colleagues' support m Cahmdtii ■* . 

a perfectly legitimate, - evefr perhaps ’ 

dmirable feature of goventnaait Buvifyoii ^ 
cannot get a majority in eittora. Cabinet, or r ■ 
in a .sub-committee of the 'Cabinet,' what *» df-i " 
you cannot do is to ignore -foe-majority, 
and then proceed without that majority: ;3 < p '" j . 1 
VI jo not know of another "example ‘ 

where a majority of her colleagues havero,*?^- „ 
expressed one wish and she has ignored it” 

• Mr Hesettine also responded fo ttte first#“ ...-i- - 
and only .-public reaction from Mr 
Brittan, Secretary of Stare' for Trade'- and J 

Industry, on his Thursday -aBegatitaf that * l\t\0 CM 
Mr Bnttari had ’put pressure on^ShYjlKj"!? 
Raymond Lygo, of British Aepbspacq <i..r * 

withdraw from tire Ah^o-European - con- ,. k . 

sortium. . . 7. t» ,f 

' Mr Brittan told- tire Sunday Telegraph ; ^ p*?* . .. . - . 

da^ 11 

* company to .decide, which course wfoUnw^ja 
and it was entirely- a matter for. them, betv 
what was concerning me was. some'.-of the.v 
comments which were being made and the " 

toneOf what was being said was giving the u « w - ; - 

impression of antj-Americamsm, ; whidw^j c< - 
was potentially damaging Jo British 

cancelled meeting." 

He said: ' “The* moment the Prime 

You cannot ignore 
the majority 

was potentially damaging fo British : v 

Aerospace. - -v- 

- ,M I was concerned- about the impact : ' 

potential skies of the A320 (Airtnia)j ■a-g-'Ji 
European project withBrrtish Aero^jacens « t \.r • 
a member. Sir Raymond said that British U - * ' 
Aerospace Inc, _the United Sfotes ifubridi- ^ •• 
ary. Bad expressed great concern about tire.-j#’':; - - 
United States company "being harmed.. ^ . - ■ 

“I said I was ready ' ttKact immediately -in 1 r -- 

defending British Aeroapaoe interests, but .ujpjr r , - 
nVnn'nuciv the less unti- American sentiment 

Minister cancelled that meeting for the 
Friday, that was the last chance on which a 
collective judgement could have been 
reached about the merits of the two deals. 

. “From that moment on, tire cancelling of 
the choice of a dismission that could have 
established collective responsibility broke 
the workings of the constitution. There was 
no government policy, there. Was <nb - 
agreement, indeed, a. frustration of iny will 
to have a discussion and to have the thing 
resolved in a proper codstitotional way, 
and the reason forthat is in my view clear. - 
Because the three meetings that bad taken 
place on the fourth, the fifth, and the ninth 
had been designed to' get the Sikorsky - 
preference advanced. Colleagues refused to 
let it happen, those, who wanted Sikorsky. 

resolved as quickly as possible. . ^ - " 

- ‘The key point is that it was. non .their 
participation in the European- consortium - , ., 

which was can sing concern, but some of the- J /virl ^ 
more heated statements.*’- , •* . jll t* 1 * • 

Mr Brittan was iasr ni^it said to be' 
unavailable to give other journaliris on-; W *rnO \' 
tite-record ^responses to ; Mr -Hesbltiae’s. B-l 

^SS^fedtine said on- the World this OpH] fl 
Weekend : “I think tfaat -there have been 73* 

Weekend “I think tfaat -there have been 73* 
what you might call a. sort of polishing of ' . 

the explanations. The important thing is: swi u-r; -. y 
what was Leon Brittan doing as the sfcparT?: 
mini ster who was supposed to be even- . 

handed in the interests of both groups? I ^.j., • 

cannot undetsfoiyi »*at the jmeetihg .vasi^.' ; ' 

■ ft*::: - ■ 

Six architects bid 
to extend gallery 

call to end 

The National Gallery will 
chose the architect of its 
Trafalgar Square extension 
early next week after interview- 
ing the four British and two 
American entrants about their 
proposals which were submitted 
last Friday (Charles Knevitt 

The extension, to house 230 
early- Renaissance paintings and 
other facilities, .will cost up to 
£25 million. 

The competing architects are: 
Mr Picts Gough, of Campbell 
Zogolovitch Wilkinson & 
Gough; Mr Jeremy Dixon, with 
Building Design Partnership; 
James Stirling, Michael Wilford 
& Associates; and Colquhoun St 
Miller (now teamed up with 
Robert Matthew, Johnson- 
Marshall & Partners) from 
Britain; and Mr Henry Nicholas 
Cobb, of I. M. Pei & Partners; 
and Venturi Roach and Scott 
Brown, from the United Slates. 

The front-runners are be- 
lieved to be Mr Cobb, archilea 
of the Portland Museum of Art 
in Oregon, which was inspired 
by the Soane Museum in 
Dulwich, south London; and 
Mr Jeremy Dixon, who is now 
working on an extension plan 

for the Royal Opera' House, 
Co vent Garden. 

• The Thames Water Auth- 

ority is to spend more than £6 
million rebuilding Westminster 
pier at -the start of its drive to 
turn London's river into a 
tourist highway (Hugh Clayton 

The design contest inherited 
by the authority from the 
Greater London Council was 
won by Clive Nicholson Associ- 
ates of Cambridge. Mr George 
Thomas, the authority’s general 
manager for technology and 
development, said yesterday 
that the winning design had 
been chosen from six entrants 
because of its “elegant sim- 
plicity and relative ease of 

The present wooden landing- 
stage is one of nine loss-making ; 
piers which the water authority 
will take over when the GLC is 
abolished in ApriL 

It will be replaced by a larger 
structure with space for shops 
and restaurants. The chosen 
design may be used on other 
piers in the system of 22 which 
the authority wants to turn into 
“bus stops" for a new riverboat 



By Hugh Clayton 

Petrol booby-trap set before 
riot, says police report 

Chess win | History not 

Mr Arthur ScargUL presi- 
mt .of the national Union of 


dent .of foe national Union of 
Mineworkera, yesterday chal- 
lenged Labour’s leadership to 
start supporting working 
people and to stop internal 
witch hunts. Whatever the 
intellectuals and academics in 
the Labour movement might 
think, there were only two 
classes in British society. 

“There is a ruling class and 
a working class," he said. 
“There are elements within our 
own movement who have 
clearly not grasped the signifi- 
cance of events taking place." 

Some had even joined “the 
dawn chorus of the jackals of 
Fleet Street". Mr Scargill was 
speaking at a rally in Lambeth 
in support of councillors from 
there and from Liverpool 

In a dear reference to the 
party's decision to suspend and 
investigate the Militant, - 
dominated district Labour 
party in Liverpool, Mr Scargill 
said: “The witch hunt is 
something I thought had gone 
1 out of the Labour Party for 

Continued from page 1 

window, scattering glass in his 
eyes. Shortly after this the 
police completed their change- 
over of shifts, and at 6.40 the 
day shift officers were dis- 

The report suggests that their 
progress southward through 
Tottenham was noticed by 
observers and misconstrued as a 
movement io “seal off" the 
Broadwater Farm estate. In feet 
there were only two district 
support units of local Y district 
officers near the estate. 

At 7.05pm, after two further 
999 calls, one of the units was 
attacked by a mob of black 
youths with bricks, petrol 
bombs and machetes. The 
report says: “Had the officers 
not been in a protected vehicle 
they would almost certainly 
have been killed or seriously 

strategy of .containment. “All 
we were doing, in effect, was 
containing foe attack on police 
to a limited number of defens- 
ible locations" Mr Blackdock 
died while trying to protea 
firemen extinguishing fire in a 
supermarket on the estate which 
had been fire-bombed. Though 
by 10.20 tire severity of attacks 
had lessened sufficiently that 
the Dll firearms branch offic- 
ers deployed with plastic bullets 
were not told to take action, it 
was not until 4.30 ain that 

employed by local authority 


police committees give cause 
for concern. . . whether through 

for concern. . . whether through 
naivety or disinterest in the 
truth, what they often produce 
is a gross distortion ofit. 

From Harry Golombek 
Chess Correspondent 

Mmgear Fetprsson- aged J25, 

police reentered the estate, to 
find that foe rioters had 

It is they who have perpetu- 
ated' foe myth about police 
"sealing off* the estate: If as they; 
both claim they were mtinftbr- 
ing police radio transmissions 
during foe evening, it is difficult 
to see how they^ could have 
come to the conclusion that this 
was actually the case”. 

an Icefemd .lawyer^ iwc~ c— * 
prize in - the Jlastiqg •' i 

tournament ’did ih^-so. <___ 

.scored. ..sufficient points to 
acquire the Grandmaster tkle. . . 

WftBam Watson,- aged 23, an 
international master and Ox- 
ford University graduate, won 
the Dagny Towner brilliancy 
prize of tlOO for a game he 

Half of all school children:^ 
study no history after foe age of.-^rT' 
■14, according to a survey by the-j^ 2 . 
Historical Association to be re- 
presented at a meeting ihr the 7 

House of Lords, today (Our. 

find that foe rioters had 

The police report says that 
Broadwater Farm already had 
an uneviable reputation as an 
estate where normal policing 
methods were resisted by a 
vociferous minority. 

“In these circumstances**, foe 

In response to the report, Mr 
Jeff Crawford, Haningey’s chief 
community relations officer, 
said: “I welcome the rep o r t and 
foe police decision to criticize 
those who have .criticized 


Within 20 minutes barricades 

report says, “the estate has been 
policed for some time by a team 
of dedicated officers working in 
pairs". Since foe riot the estate 
has been intensively policed but 
progressively numbers have 
been reduced". 

At foe end of foe 21 -page 
report comes an attack on 
reports already issued by : foe 
GLC and Haringey police 

“The activities of those 

of blazing vehicles had been set 
up at all four vehicular en- 
trances to foe estate, several 

hundred yards apart. The report 
sal's there can be little doubt 
that that was part of a pre- 
arranged plan. 

The violence of foe riot and 
foe use of firearms limited foe 
police, foe report says, to a 

At foe house which Mr 
Bemic Grant, foe Labour leader 
of foe council, shares with 
another councillor, Miss Sharon 
Lawrence, a member of his 
Labour group. Miss Lawrence 
said he would have no eminent 
to make about the report until 
he had read it. 

But Mr Grant said yesterday 
that police behaviour in Totten- 
ham since the riots showed that 
human rights were being eroded 
in Britain. 

Education Correspondent.^- L - 

writes). T r l ■. 

The survey has. also found- T,., 

that the numbers of children^ ^ 
continuing with history lessons^ 

'up to the age of 16 arc- felling- 

'Children are giving ; up - -the 4^ 1 ' 
subject in foe same way as .they »r5° 

make their choice of subjects fortf- £ 
O levels andCSE exams- • \ . . 

Eminent historians - meeting 

do next will include Dr John- 
Roberts, - warden of Merton 

woriters are eigject^; to. yote.^ 

against industrial action ‘.by a 

Union fund stays 

pay in ballots to be hdd during^, 
foe next two days. . 

Esr.veen 3th- 19 th January 1936. Roland Mazere, patron and 
■c^e'of Hotel du Centenafre at Les Eyzies de Tayac in ftrigprd, 
vviii be sparing his specialities at Truffles. 

Perigord is the home of the truffle, and Monsieur Mazere's 
cuisine, famouc throughout France, has been awarded 2 Mtchelm 
stars as well as 2 toques from Gault-Millau. 

This will be Chef Mazere's first visit to England and a unique 
opportunity for Londoners to disower the true magic of truffles. 

A La Carte Lunchtime and Eveni 

Lunchtime Menu du Jour. 

Sunday Times in 
docklands move 

1 .5m copies lost 
at Sunday People 

The mmmg union Nacods as 
voted to retain its political fund 
with an. 87 per cent majority in 

a membership ballot. 

The left-wing Transport and 

General . Workers’ Union., has 

consented to. voting procedures . 
drawn up to conform with foe 
Trade Union Act of 1 984. 

By Barrie Clement 

News International yesterday “Our position throughout has 
announced a plan to' print a been that we are fully prepared 
section of The Sunday Times to negotiate — as we have 
□ext week at its new plant in recently demonstrated clso- 
Wapping, east London, where where in Fleet Street - but wc 
as yet there is no union are not prepared to see our 
agreements. members treated like lSfo-cen- 

Management disclosed the tury mill-workers or Australian 

By Onr Labour Reporter 

The leader of press room 
assistants at the Sunday People 
was dismissed yesterday after 
the London print ran was 
halted is of a High 

Court iqjmtctioik. 

Mr Terry Stollard, father of 

decision on the front page of convicts. 

.yesterday’s paper, and said that “A meeting has been called 

the Sogat *82 machine room 
chapel (office branch) “deliber- 
ately absented himself accord- 

and the other machine room 
assistants In defying both foe 
injunction and the Instruction 
from Miss Dean lost tham *«rfr 
fill-91 m shift payments and 
caused “eoourmons iWMwmr 
damage to foe company", a 
statement saM. - * 

A spokesman . for . British. 
Newspaper Printing Carpor- 

“mechsnical constraints'' 

The Sunday Times's press room 
in Gray's Inn Road. Sunday’s 
issue was SO pages; next 
Sunday's will be at least 96- 

On foe eve of strike ballots 
among News International 
workers. Miss Dean told her 
members to be prepared for the 
biggest industrial dispute Sogat 
has seen since the war. 

' Sogat issued the following 
statement last tonight: 

“The announcement today 
by the Murdoch organisation 
that it intends to start printing 
at its Wapping plant with 
complete disregard to its agree- 
ment with our members is 
deliberately provocative. 

“Sogat does not intend to be 
hijacked into what it detects is a 
carefully staged industrial dis- 
pute by News International 

members employed by News 
Group Newspapers ana Times 
Newspapers Ltd and. following 
a report on our attempts to 
reach reasonable working ar- 

rangements at Wapping, we 
shall ballot the membership on 
the next step to be taken. 

“Obviously there could be 
serious consequences, but 
cleady Mr Miurioch and his 
lieutenants have assessed these 
and prefer some kind of macho 
showdown rather than sensible, 
rational negotiations. 

“Considering that Mr Mur- 
doch founded his original 
fortune on the efforts of our 
Fleet Street membera, a more 
responsible attitude to the 
source of his subsequent world- 
wide financial exploits might 
have been expected." 

Inter-ranon conflict, page 10 

broach of work discipline . Mr 
StnUaril is said by foe company 
to work on Tie Sun during the 

After the court order on 
Saturday, Mbs Brenda Dean, 
general secretary of the muon, 
sent a letter to her members 
instructing them to end a sdke 
aver the dbmbsal of 29 Sogat 
TO members. 

Thecterkal branch of Scant 
TO at the group of companies 
which also prints and pubfishes 

The Mirror aoi Sunday Mirror 

were taking action in sympathy 
with their ooOeasues on foe 
switchboard and u the copy- 
taking room who had been 
d ismi s s ed for refining to adopt 
new rotas that eliminate over- 
time payments. • - • 

The action of Mr SttBard 

companies Mved, said ft w 
only those Sogat TO members 
who ton up . to . work - today 
would be offered employment. 
The new company has not so 
far been recognized by foe 

.. According to management, 
the Sunday People lost 15 
nriHkm copies out of a total 
normal print ran of 35 ndllkm. 
The shortfall in production was 
made- up at foe Manchester 
plant owned by foe gronp. 








m ; 






I m 

1 * ; 




I m 






FROM RJLLLEAn At IcraiAKi /-event - J 


The Tima overseas setting prices 

JrtrtaW « 09it 

L 7 & Omanns 


• ^ THEWORLKRNESTLlGffnKk? ' ; :v ' ^ -