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No 62,343 

cJ'f’iM ■ 



Dare to care 
The doctors wiio^ ■" 
heal the victims 
oftortore ■ 

Big knits , M 

High fashion: 
oiled woofs and ' 
heavy sweaters - 

Why the DHSS should 
set up youth dimes 

Hot Spurs? 

David Miller on die 
decline of 

T ottenham Hotspur 

% r 


' xz'i 

Hu* £20,000 prize in The 
Times Portfolio weekly compe- 
tition on Satnrdny was shared 
by two winners, Mrs E Rhodes, 
of Newcastle upon Tyne and 
Mrs See Perry of Woodley, 
near Reading. Saturday’s 
£2,000 daily prize was won by 
Mr R M Bradshaw of Hear 
limjrfnn, Oxford. 

Portfolio list, pose 14; rales 
and how to ]fay, information 
service, back page. 




’ " 7 : 

'* r : «T. 

f 5 

• V 

Iran boards 
US ship in 
arms search 

Iran’s navy stopped the US 
freighter President Taylor in 
international waters md sent 
armed men on board to see if 
war material^ were being car- 
ried for Iraq. It was the first 
boarding of a US merchant ship 
during the six-year Gulf war 
and Washington expressed 
“serious concern". 

Heart success 

A man aged 53 who received a 
heart transplant on Friday after. 
12 hours on a “piggy-back" 
pump had not been told that he 
bad received a transplant, the 
Harley Street Clinic, London, 

said- - 

T8t to left 

The - European" ■ Fariiamem 
meets - today for the .first Tfine 
since the EH?s 'enlargement tie 
12 members. Spain and Portu- 
gal’s socialist MEPs will tilt the 
balance of power leftward. 


Solidarity arrest 

Polish secret police have ar- 
rested in Gdansk Mr Bogdan 
Bontsewicz. a Solidarity under- 
ground leader, who has been (ra- 
the run since 2981 . /. PageS 

Shuttle lift-off 

After seven delays the shuttle 
Colombia finally blasted off ear 
time from the Kennedy space 
centre in Florida on a five-day 
scientific mission - 
Report ami photograph, page4 

. - -jLtJF 
. j :>r 

■ .-'it 

... y or* 


Women’s chance 

More women stand' a better 
chance of becoming members of 
Parliament as the result' of 
efforts by the main political 
parties to attract female candi- 
dates . P*®** 

Top schoolgirl 

The new captain at Westmins- 
ter School is a girl, for foe firet 
time in the school's 400-year 
history. Lynda Stuart’s appoint- 
ment as head girl starts today ■ 

Tin initiative 

Mrs Thatcher has written to the 
heads of government of Inter- 
national Tin Council . member 
countries to end the tin crisis' 


China clean-up 

Younger party officials in 
China’s reformist leadership 
team are spearheading, an. anti- 
corruption drive Page 5 

Transplant wait 

An S per cent foil in the number 
of kidney transplants last year 
has sent the waiting list for, foe 
operation to record kvelsPage 3 

Card climbdown 

The Govemirient has backed 
down from, its demands that, 
football clubs should imple- 
ment a national membership 
card scheme as a way of 
containing hooliganism Page 19 
Spectrum, page 8 

. .-iff White wins title 

Jimmy White came back from 
the biink of defeat to beat . Cliff 
Thorton* 13-12 in the final of 
foe Mercantile Credit Classic 
snooker tournament . Page 38 


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Hess News 2-4 
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A-mts 12,18 
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Cnamtis 8,28 
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By Anthony Bevins, Political Coxrespendent 
. T**® Westland af6ar moves h*A 
mto its catical stages today and night-as the jnesfiri- vras driven 
tomorrow as the . hdiooptex homeVto BAE board membra, 
company, prepares for ns share- Mr; Brittan. was saying nothing 
holders meeting ’. and • foe yestenfay. * ' 

C rt "inwnfi-Tfh TO to concerted 

pressure for Mr- Leon -Brittan, 

Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry; to. ' respond fo' the 
allegation that he mW«y» a 
" nak ed, threat” at a • meeting 
with Sir Raymond Lygo, chair- 
man of British Aerospace, last 
Wednesday. •••:• 

In the wake of Mr Michael 

But' the- challenge [to 

Government's version .of events 7 
wentJurther when Mr Hrseftmc . 
. said m- ah interview on London 
Weefemt Television’s Weekend 
WotTd that he had checked with 
Cabin et colleagues about - the 
Prime. Minister’s p m mi M .to 
hold.a meeting of ministers' oh 
December -^3,' to . make 

- — - — — ij, lo.-muc a 

Heseltmc s charge last Thursday judgment between foe- United 
that Mr -Brittan had put Tedmologies-Pi*t mA possible 

*v* uib iTwuinuu iicubupta fuc mmO* - f VTmT^Tr r row 

company, Mr Brittan made his written to Mr Brian Sedgcmore, 
first public- statement on Satur? Labour MP for Hackney South 

ihv I ' « , I- 


... He said that the “key point" 
of his message .to Sir Raymond 
had been his concern over anti- 
American - statements , made' 
during the Westland affair, 
which might damage BAe in the 
.United States. 

-/But- Ira added: *T also said it 
was in the national interest that 
the whole matter stould .be 
resolved as quickly as possible." 
. The Press Association hews 
agency last night quoted a 
source dose to the BAe board 

and' Shoreditch, with a defi- 
nition of collective responsi- 
bility.. She -says: “Decisions 
readied by foe Cabinet or 
cabinet committee are binding 
on all members of the Govern- 
ment. Nothing that has hap- 
pened in recent weeks has 
altered my view on this 

Mr Hesdtine told The Times 
last night: “If. there bad 
decisions, I would have 
accepted them or gone."' The 
cancrilation ofthe December 13 

: 3 i' v Vfci L«£fc.'. 

Mr Michael Heseltine yesterday at the Battersea heliport, south London, before leaving 

(Photograph: John Manning) 

for his borne in Oxfordshire 

who said: "I was astonished to meeting meant there was “no 
receive -a telephone rail on ability to find the collective will 
Wednesday night from- an of colleagues”, 
equally' astonished, and some- He also -condemned the 
what shaken chief executive anonymous counter-attacks 
saying he had been subjected to . being launched, on him from 
a naked threat in Mr Brittan’s Whitehall sources. He on 
office. He fehso stranriyabout Weekend World: “We do not 
the manner in which the threat have ministers standing up for 
had been made that lie fish Ira policies and exposing criticisms 
had to report ittoirisboard that or- weaknesses in my case, we 
night” have unidentified sources. We 

One authoritative source said lurire no documents, no" state- 
yesterday that there, was no maHSr-no piece ofpaper we can 
doubt that a threat had been,- examine, we just -have whis- 
made-'. and : that foe' telephone- pen." 

. By Graham Seaijeant, Financial Editor . 

Sir John Cuckney ? the Wes- Sikorsky were meeting once the 
' " J " count tod been completed to 

review their options. Sir John 
said that “people have become 
understandably rigid- in think- 
rng the only sohition is a capital 
reconstruction of the type we 

Hand chainnan - indicated yes- 
terday thatie isKkehr tocaQ fi* 
an adjournment of the Wes- 
tland shareh£dde^s , . meeting 
scheduled - for tomorrow before 
it votes on the ^racial resol- 

necessary for have' put forward, but there are 
Sikorsky ' and Fiat to take a other-ways of dbins it" 
minority stake in- the helicopter 


The* board would then recast 
its agreeihent.Mth tira America- 
n/ftaHart group. ■. 

On - the Channel 4 Business 
Programme Sir John said: 
“There are two considerations: 
one is the likelihood of getting 
the special resolutions through, 
the other is whether, withall the 
poHtical traunia and drama, it 
.would not be wiser to. have a 
cooling down period." 

The co unt of sharrfioMers’ 
proxies yesterday jrarved incon- 
clusive. After proxies represent- 
ing 42 per cent: of Westland 
Stares tod been counted. Sir/ 
John had support from 38 per 
cent; while 4 per cent tod voted 

This suggests that with help 
from some institutional inves- 
tors who will vote at the 
meeting,, the board is Kkely to 
win majority -support- for its 
plan, but not the 75 per cent 
vote needed for the special 

Once foe meeting- is- ad- 

other ways of doing it 
Mr Paul said that Sikorsky 
would reassess its position if it 
became -dear the resolutions 
would TaiL He said the Ameri- 
can- helicopter company would 
not rale (rat withdrawing/ But 
tins would be unlikely if a 
majority of shareholders 
.favoured the American link. 

• Mr Alan Bristow, who has 
bought 11 per cent of Westland 

Heseltine support 2 

Brittan reply 2 

and leads a group voting 17 per 
cent against the American deal, 
said that he bad asked Sir John 
to put .tiie rival European offer 
to shareholders, when' Ira' had 
tod -the chance to look at k 
more deeply. But “I do not 
think for a . second he will 
support it now.” 

Sir John said it would be 
logical for British Aerospace 
and GEC to bid for Westland if| 
they had such high hopes ofthe 
company’s future. But this 
seems unlikely at . the moment 

. _ . An adviser to Westland said 

journed. Sir John is Kkely to that any bidder would have to 
tiate with Sikorsky’s Mr pat up a total of not less than 

Paul to vary the deal so that -£150 • milli on -to buy the 

it is cast in a fbrm that requires company . and- put in new 
support from only a simple capital. .This makes such a 
majority of shareholders. . . proposition .unattractive- as 
The Westland board and its there in unlikely to be an early 
advisers and repres ent at i ves of return on the money. 

US to fetch 
who trekked 
to Pole 

By Gregory Neale 

The three Britons who 
trekked 8 R3 nrilas to. the South 
Pole in the footsteps of the 31^ 
fitted Scott expedition will 
today hegio the first leg of their 
journey tome. 

They will be taken to the US 
research base at McMardo 
Sound, nearly 900 miles away, 
where they will be reunited 
with coUeagnes .from their 
s upport ship, the Southern 
Quest; which was crashed and 
nnir amid the polar ice on 
Sa t ur day. 

The expedition’s success in 
reaching foe Pole was bailed by 
Sr Peter Scott, Captain Scott’s 
ami and one at the venture's 
patrons, as “a. ' fantastic. 
-ncfcievHnept*'.~ : 

There was, however, criti- 
dsm from various q n ai teri that 
foe private expedition tod put 
strain on 'H’Krtal research 
personnel involved m foe 
rescue and' return of the 

The three who made the 
trek, Mr Robert Swan, aged 28, 
from Durham; Mr Roger Mear, 
35, from Birmingham; and Mr 
Gareth . Wood, 33, who was 
bora in Edinburgh and lives in 
Canads, got to the South Pole 
at 11.53pm local time (11.53am 
GMT) on Saturday. Last night 
they wese at the US research 
station atfoe Pole. 

The expedition had planned 
to retrieve them using a light 
aircraft tehen to foe Antarctic 
by the Southern Quest. 

- The Britons wfll now be 
collected from the Pole by aUS 
Hercules aircraft, which wiD 
take them to McMnrdo. 

The expedition secretary. 
Miss Amanda Lovejoy said 
plans for their retrieval would 
be completed today at a 
meeting with officials of the US 
National Science Foundation, 
headed by Mr Walter Selig. 

- Mr Selig said the sinking of 
the Southern Quest had borne 
out criticism by official Antarc- 
tic research programmes of 
private expeditions. 

Sir Peter told The Times last 
night font foe expedition’s 
success bad been a great 

He mot congratula ti o ns to 
Mr Swan. 

Of the critics; he said: “It is 
very easy to criticize..., bat 
you can go too far in saying 
foat the Antarctic should be a 
no-go area other than for 
official research programmes." 

Leading article, page 11 
In Scott’s footsteps, back page 

Petrol booby-trap 
set at Tottenham, 
say riot police 

By Robin Young 

A police report on the riot in 
Tottenham, north London, 
during which Police Constable 
Keith Blakelock was killed with 
machetes, accuses employees of 
the Greater London Council 
and Haringey borough police 
committees of “gross distor- 
tion" in their reports of foe 

The police report denies that 
police made any attempt to 
“seal off" the Broadwater Farm 
estate before foe riot last 
October, or to enter it once foe 
riot tod begun. It suggests that 
areas of the estate had been 
flooded with petrol to use as a 
booby-trap against the police. 

“Any concerted effort to 
advance into the body of the 
estate (in which foe lakes of 
petrol were seen) could wen 
have resulted in death or 
serious injury” the report says. 

“Subsequent inquiries re- 
vealed allegations that some 
basement garage areas on the 
estate tod been flooded with 

use in foe event of an incursion 
by police". 

.Deputy Assistant Com- 
missioner Michael Richards, 
who is presenting the report to 
foe Haringey Police Com- 
munity Consultative Group, 
mid at the weekend: “We 
suggest that if police tod tried 
to enter the estate, either 
deliberately or accidentally 
those lakes of petrol would have 
been set on fire with disastrous 

The report emphasizes police 
efforts to defuse foe situation 

after the death of Mrs Cynthia 
Jarrett while her home was 
being searched. No arrest was 
mad e during a rowdy demon- 
stration outside Tottenham 
police station, and it was 
derided that no officers should 
be sent to Broadwater Farm 
unless it was necessary to 
respond to emergency calls. 

Though five genuine 999 calls 
were received between 3.20 and 
4 JO pm on foe day of the riot, 
when youths were running 
through foe estate banging on 
doors, no officers were sent 
because it was established by 
telephone that no damage tod 
been done. But meanwhile a Pc 
Caton. answering another 999 
call on ito fringe of -foe. estate, 
was hit in the back with a 
paving stone which, it was 
subsequently discovered, rup- 
tured his spleen. 

There came “a period of 
absolute quiet, lasting nearly 
two hours" during which a 
meeting was held at foe 
Broadwater Farm Youth As- 
sociation. Of claims that the 
meeting planned a “peaceful" 
demonstration, the report says: 
“Given foe extent to which the 
youths were subsequently found 
to have armed themselves with 
petrol bombs, knives and 
machetes, doubt must exist 
about the validity of this 

At 6.25 after what is now 
believed to have been a hoax 
999 call, an Inspector Hudson 
went to investigate, and two 
blade youths smashed his car 
Continued on page 2, col 4 

Advertising by dentists 
‘still too restricted’ 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Dentists ‘ have come under 
renewed pressure from the 
Government to advertise their 
charges for private treatment, 
even though significant relax- 
ations have been agreed in the 
rules covering advertising by 

The General Dental Council 
relaxed its ban on advertising 
last November by allowing 
dentists to advertise items such 
as surgery hours. 

It rejected, however, rec- 
ommendations from the Office 
of Fair Trading, supported by 
Mr Barney Hayhoe. Minister 

The council's only concession 
was to allow dentists to 
advertise the charge for an 
initial private consultation to 
estimate the cost 

Sir Frank Lawton, president 
of the council, has been told by 
Mr Hayhoe that the chang e do 
not go far enough. 

The office recommended that 
at a minimum, dentists should 
advertise charges for an exam- 
ination, a simple filling, a full 
set of resin dentures and a gold 
crown, to make it easier for 
patients to -shop around. 
Dentists argue that it is 

for Health, that dentists should misleading to advertise prices, 
advertise prices for private as estimates of the cost of 
treatment mid state that a full treatment cannot be made 
price list was available. before an examination. 

Gadaffi takes to his tent for some cosy showmanship 

Fram Robert Fisk 
Tripoli, Libya 
Colonel Gadaffi has done it 
0 Am_ Not- content with an 
interview tit the barley fields 
and a fliil-scale press conference 
at his palace,, the Libyan leader 
invited' six women journalists 
for a cosy tete-a-tete in his 
Bedouin tent surrounded by 
four of his seven children and 
his wife Safia. It war here that 
be' once greeted ■ Tito and 
Castro; So why nOl- President 
pftgg nn, one . of foe reporters 

“Why not?” . the colonel 
replied. “I am. inviting Reagan 
through you. If Reagan comes 
here, to would change his mind. 
”e would see foat I don't live in 
gnetos (sic) wear tond- 
oiades in my belt or a pistoL 
tie Americans think 1 don't 
ugh or smile, foat I have no 
mily. . . And- so a new 

^riling - was created for the 
arid’s press and television: 
ad 2 ifi invites Reagan to hfe 

jdouin tent. 

The master of publicity has 

^ ' 

Colonel Gadaffi with his wife and three of their children In his Bedouin tent 

on foe sand hear his palace, its 
patchwork quilt . liberally 
covered in quotations from his 
Green Book, it is not perhaps 
foe home of any ordinary man 
ofthe desert It is fitted out with 
electric beaters, a television. 

three green telephones and a 
. video system. 

Yet the photographs which 
the six women took showed an 
apparently happy family man, 
his aims around' liis only 
daughter, Ayesba. aged eight. 

“She is like me - she likes to 
make speeches" he said. 

It was indeed" unprecedented 
even for Colonel Gadaffi to give 
such access to westerners. 
Pointing to his three sons, 
Khamis, aged two, Saadi, aged 

12, and Saefel-Arab, aged four, 
he said he wanted them to be 
doctors in Africa, when they 
grew up. He said he remem- 
bered how his own brothers and 
sisters had died of maleria 
because there were no medical 
facilities in Libya under Italian 
colonial rule. 

He was asked why he chose 
to speak so exclusively to 
women: “I would like to see a 
world in which men and women 
are equal," he said. “I want to 
see women free. It’s a man’s 
world and I want to change 

It obviously was quite a 
performance, designed to soften 
the image of a man who also 
entertains less pleasant person- 
alities in Tripoli and whose, 
methods of changing foe world 
involves guns as well as 
women's equality. He accuses 
Mr Reagan of being Httle more 
than an actor, tot showmanship 
dearly has its place in Libya 

Dutch alert widens, page 6 

tax cuts 
a priority 
for Budget 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The Chancellor of foe 
Exchequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
land his Treasnry ministers 
jugreed over foe weekend that 
lower personal taxation will be 
|a Budget priority. 

It was recognized, however, 
that a return of the RmhimI 
pressures that forced a one- 
point rise in base rates last 
week coold necessitate an 
a us t eri ty Budget. 

The held annually, 

at Chevening, Kent, set foe 
Treasury’s tax priority both for 
foe Budget and the medium 

Final budget decisions are to 
be made late next month, when 
the results of the Treasury's 
latest economic forecast will be 
available to the Chancellor. 

This year, ofl prices hold foe 
key to foe scope for foe tax 
cuts. A collapse in oil prices 
coold dhnhmte the £2 billion 
arts which foe City economists 
estimate are available at 

• The Institute of Directors 
warned foe Chancellor that 
without tax arts Britain's 
economic growth rate could fall 
from the present rate of up to 3 
per emit to nearer 1 per cent. 

Without the cuts, consumer 
spending was unlikely to 
reverse any slowdown in indus- 
trial investment growth after 
capital allowances are with- 
drawn, the institute said. 
Business expansion, page 15 

to death 

Johannesburg (AFP, AP) - 
The leader of a black township 
near here was murdered and bis 
home burnt down just hours 
before his scheduled meeting 
with the United States Assistant 
Secretary of State for African 
Affairs, Mr Chester Crocker, 

The meeting was to have 
taken place during a tour Mr 
Crocker made of East Rand 
townships in foe company of 
the right Rev Simeon Nkoane. 
Anglican Suffragan Bishop of 
Johannesburg East. 

Mr Crocker arrived here early 
yesterday after a three-day visit 
to Luanda. He was escorted 
around foe black townships of 
Duduza, Kwathema and Kalie- 
hong east of here by Bishop 
Desmond Tutu of Johannes- 
burg, who showed him houses 
which had been destroyed in 
communal fire-bombing and 
grenade attacks over the past six 

Bishop Nkoane also told Mr 
Crocker bow community leader. 
Chief Ampie Mayisa was 
dragged out of his home in foe 
nearby township of Leandra on 
Saturday night and stabbed to 
death, while his bouse was set 
alight and destroyed. 

Chief Mayisa’ s son, Joseph,* 
said the men who killed his 
father were members of foe 
predominantiy Zulu group, 
Inka tha, which has long been 
hostile to township radicals. 

Later yesterday the partially- 
burnt body of Chief Mayisa was 
found by nis son in nearby open 
country. Police confirmed that 
he had died of stab wounds. 

. The band of Hackers also set 
alight foe house of a second 
member of foe delegation that 
was to have met Mr Crocker, 
Mr Abel Mkabinde. He escaped 
tot derided not to attend the 
meeting, though Mr Crocker 
spoke with other black op- 
ponents of South Africa's white 
minority Government 

While Bishop Nkoane was at 
Mr Mkabinde's house reporters 
said a dozen young blacks 
appeared, raying they had killed 
Chief Mayisa and ware still 
bunting for Mr Mkabinde. They 
denied that they were members 
of Inkatha, and justified the 
killing by saying they disagreed 
with foe activist methods ofthe 
two leaders. 

“We are not members of 
Inkatha as most residents 
believe," one of the gang said. 

“If they say so (that they are 
not Inkatha), then we have got 
to believe them," Bishop 
Nkoane said. 

• Zulu warning: The Inkatha 
movement served notice this 
weekend that it would challen ge 
the declaration by the outlawed 
African National Congress to 
mark 1986 by expanding its 
activities into a full-scale 
“people's war" (Ray Kennedy 

Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, 
leader of foe movement and 
chief minister of the Kwa Zulu 
Bantustan, accused the ANC of 
attempting to hog power. 

Hint of change, page 6 






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home/overseas news 

More women have a good 
chance of being 
elected to Parliament 


mT X 


Campaigns by the main 
political parties to attract more 
women candidates have given a 
growing number of them a good 
chance of becoming members of 

So far of the 670 candidates 
selected for the next general 
election 85 are women. 

This is proportionally only 
slightly higher than the June 
1 983 General Election figures of 
2,579 candidates of which 276 
were women. But more women 
have been chosen for winnablc 

Four out of the five 
Conservative women candi- 
dates picked are likely to be 
elected - Miss Emma Nichol- 
son. one of the party’s five vice- 
chairmen will be fighting Devon 
West and Torridge where Sir 
Peter Mills has a majority of 
12.331, and Miss Ann Widdi- 
combe has recently been selec- 
ted to stand for Maidstone 
where the Conservatives have a 
majority of 7.226. 

Miss Nicholson has been 
given the task of encouraging 
more women to come forward 
by the Prime Minister, who has 
not always been seen as a great 
supporter of other women. 

“The Prime Minister and I 

By Sheila Beardall 

have discussed this issue at 
great length in recent months 
and as a result I have launched 
a campaign to try to attract 
more younger women candi- 
dates", she said. “Mrs Thatcher 
is very pleased with this and has 
urged me on". 

There were now 100 women 
on the list of acceptable 
candidates compared with only 
eight when she was looking for a 
seat to fight, she added. 

The Labour party, with only 
1 1 oF the 25 women MPs, has 
also been actively seeking 
female candidates, it can now 
boast 51 women out of 350 
selections. Many have a good 
chance of winning and could 
more than double the female 
representation on the Labour 

Three women MPs standing 
down are Mrs Judith Hart, 
Clydesdale. Mrs Renee Short. 
Wolverhampton North East, 
and Miss Joan Maynard. 
Sheffield. Brightside, and men 
have been selected to replace 
ihem. But three former Labour 
women MPs hope to get back to 
Parliament They are Mrs 
Audrey Wise, defending a 
Labour majority of 6,978 at 
Preston. Miss Joan Lestor, 

contesting Eccles, with a Labour 
majority of 6,005. and Mis Ann 
Taylor, selected for Dewsbury 
which the Conservatives hold 
with a 2.086 majority. . 

Two other candidates confi- 
dent of becoming MPs are Miss 
Diane Abbott, picked for the 
safe Labour seal of Hackney 
North and Stoke Newington, 
and Miss Hilary Armstrong, 
who will be contesting Ilurham 
North West, where her father 
has been the Labour MP for 21 

Miss Joy Mostyn, chairwo- 
man of the National Labour 
Women’s Committee, said she 
had written to every constitu- 
ency party stressing the need for 
women to be shortlisted. 

Some constituencies had 
taken this to heart, with 
Westminster North, held by the 
Conservatives by 1.710 votes, 
selecting Miss Jenny Edwards 
from an all-female shortlist. 

The Liberal party has a policy 
of including at least two women 
on every shortlist of between six 
and nine. Together with the 
SDP it has selected 29 women 
candidates out of a total of 276 
so far. Those in with a chance 
include Miss Pamela Whittle, 
chosen to contest the Conserva- 
tive majority of 1 .797 at 
Kingswood, and Miss Sue 
Slipman. a former president of 
the National Union of Students, 
picked for Hayes and Harling* 
ton. which has a Conservative 
majority of 034. 

Mrs Shirley Williams presi- 
dent of the SDP. is hoping to be 
selected by the Alliance to fight 
Cambridge, where the Con- 
servative MP. Mr Robert 
Rhodes James, has a majority 
of 5,968. 

Miss Emma Nicholson has 
the task of encouraging 

Miss Joan Lestor is plan- 
ning a comeback as MP 
for Eccles 

mi. In bracket), bow many mi 


SDP Liberal 
350(31) 120 (IS) 154(14) 

British firms 
recruiting in 
South Africa 

Fourteen British companies 
arc offering jobs in Britain to 
expatriots in South Africa, 
many of whom are clamouring 
to escape the political turmoil 
and come home. 

Allied Dunbar and Legal & 
General, the Insurance Com- 
panies. Hoskyns, the Computer 
Software Manufacturer and 
Rcdiftusion are among the 14. 

Most of the others are not 
identified in the recruiting 
drive, offering 150 jobs, which 
was yesterday in the Sunday 
Times. Johannesburg. More 
advertisements are scheduled 
next week in papers in cape 
Town and Durban. 

Choice of frigate design 
is heavily criticized 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The Prime Minister will next 
month receive a report that is 
expected to be highly critical of 
the way in which the Royal 
Navy- chose the design of its 
next generation of frigates, the 
Duke class, the first of which is 
already under construction. 

An unofficial inquiry led by 
Lord Hili-Norton, Admiral of 
the Fleet and former Chief of 
the Defence staff, and former 
Chairman of Nato's military 
commitee. was set up last 
spring to look into the matter. 

The inquiry arose from a 
controversy about the rejection 
of a radical new design, the 
S-90, which was considerably 

shorter and fatter than conven- 
tional frigate designs, or than 
the design for the Duke class. 

The case for the S-90 had 
been rigorously argued by Mr 
Darid Giles, of Thornycroft- 
Ciies. boat and yacht design- 
ers. Bat an important element 
in the defeat of the S-90 was an 
adverse report by an expert 
advisory committee. 

Supporters of the S-90 
design, however, argued that 
the report was merely a result 
of traditionalists dosing ranks 
against a radical new ideal. 
Three more Duke class frigates 
are doe to be ordered by the 
Ministry of Defence 

fight cash 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

The low morale of British 
university scientists is reflected 
in an unprecedented fashion 
today with the hunching of a 
campaign called "Save British 
Science . 

More than 1.500 scientists, 
including eight Nobel laureates 
and 40 other fellows of the 
RoyaJ Society, have placed an 
advertisement in The Times, al 
a cost of £5,500, which draws 
attention to their dilemma. 

Their eamai go coincides with 
a wider protest by the Associ- 
ation of University Teachers, 
which has called for a one-day 
strike on Wednesday over pay 
and underfunding of univer- 
sities in general. 

The action to “save" British 
science comes after a real 
decrease in -recent years of 
university income of at least 15 
per cent, according to Professor 
Joseph Lamb, chairman of the 
Save British Science campaign 
and professor of physiology of 
St Andrews University. 

A further cut of 10 per cent, 
phased over five years, imposed 
by the Department of Edu- 
cation and Science, was the 
final straw. 

For the past four months 
universities have been drawing 
up lists of priority subjects, 
which will be supported at any 
cost, and subjects which will be 
let go. In the shake-up univer- 
sity departments are expected to 

The move to protea research 
was made by a group of 
scientists who believe that 
irrevocable damage lies ahead 
for the future of innovative 
industries and teaching. 

Scientists supporting the 
campaign include the Nobel 
prize-winners Professor Antony 
Hewish. the Cambridge astron- 
omer; Professor Dorothy Hodg- 
kin, the Oxford crystal) ogra- 
pher. Sir John Kendrew and Dr 
Cesar Milstein, both Cambridge 
molecular biologists; Professor 
Nikolaas Tinbergen, the Oxford 
ethologist; Professor Maurice 
Wilkins the Kings College 
London University biophysi- 
cist; Sir Nevill Mott a Cam- 
bridge physicist; and Professor 
Abdus Salam. the Imperial 
College mathematician. 

‘Mr Fish’ dies 

J. Carl Ross, known as “Mr 
Fish", who built a trawler fleet 
of 66 ships, thought to be the 
world's biggest, in the late 
1950s, has died in Grimsby, 
aged 84. 

He gave his name to Ross, 
the British frozen food brand. 

Motor fair hope 

The South of England 
Agricultural Society wants to 
have planning controls lifted so 
that it can hold events such as 
car boot sales and motor fairs at 
its showground at Ardingly, 
West Sussex. 


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From Mohsin AH - 

The space shuttle Columbia 
finally made a spectacular 

dawu blast-off yesterday on a 
five-day scientific mission put 
off seven times, mainly because 
of mechanical problems and 
bad weather. 

The remodelled Columbia, 
oldest of the four US space 
shuttles, has just undergone an 
18-mouth technical overhaul. 
Its launch was scheduled 
originally for October 18, but 
because of so many frustrating 
last-minute postponements - 
four in five days last week - its 
voyage had been nicknamed 
“mission Impossible". Yester- 
day, however, it took off from 
the Kennedy space centre in 
Florida exactly on time at 
11.55am (GMT). 

Lucky charms were put 
around the entrance to the 
cabin of the spacecraft The 
crew of seven included physi- 
cist and astronomer, Steven 
Hawley, aged 34, who was on 
the shuttle Discovery flight in 
1984 which had six launch 

Also on board is Congress- 
man w miam Nelson (Demo- 
crat, Florida), who is chairman 
of the House of Representatives 
sab-committee that oversees 
Nasa's budget. He is the 
second Congressman to fly in a 
shuttle. Senator Jake Gam 
(Republican, Utah), was on a 
near-perfect mission last April. 

Another crew member Is 
Franklin Chang-Diaz, aged 35, 

Congressman William Nelson leading the other crew 
members on their way to .Cohan biaVlaimch-paiCwhere a 
successful blast-offended a string of delays. 

a scientist who was bora in 
Costa Rica and became the first . 
His panic- American to fly In 

Columbia, after nine hours of 
take-off was due to deploy a 
new generation of S50 million 
(£34 mOfion) telecommuni- 
cations satellite for RCA 
American ' Communications. 

The astronauts wiD also make 
the first dose observations 
from space of Halley’s Comet. 

The satellite Will provide 
direct-to-home television pro- 
gramme distribution and satel- 
lite master antenna television 
for hotels, apartment houses, 
other multi-unit dwellings mid 
institutions in . the United 

Gloom grows in Jamaica 
as troubles pile up 

From Alan To mlinson, Kingston 

Growing economic hardship 
and rising opposition to the 
conservative Government of 
Mr Edward Seaga appear to' be 
heading Jamaica into a year of 

Unrest on the island, which 
erupted in rioting and a general 
strike in 1985. “could very well 
get worse in 1986". according to 
the United States political risk 
analysts. Frost and Sullivan. 

The appearance of Jamaica in 
the firm’s annual list of 
potential troublespois was the 
latest item of bad news for Mr 
Seaga. whose tough programme 
of structural change to the 
economy has so far failed to lift 
it out of decline. 

A drop in tourism partly due 
to last year’s troubles, falling 
demand for the nation's bauxite 
and drought which hit the other 
main sector, agriculture, turned 
a positive projection for growth 
at the start of 1985 into an 
estimated 6 per cent shrinkage 
of the economy by year’s end. 

These ill tidings coincided 
with a resurgence in the 
fortunes of the main opposition 
People’s National Party (PNP). 
Reinvigorated by opinion polls 
indicating he would easily win 
an election, its leader. Mr 
Michael Manley, emerged from 
a long recuperation after intesti- 
nal surgery to launch repeated 
calls for the. Government to 
resign. A crowd of 80,000 - a 
tenth of the capital’s population 
- turned out to cheer him. 

The PNP refused to contest 
snap elections in December, 
1983. alleging they' were in 
breach of public undertakings 
by Mr Seaga not to go to the 
country until new voter regis- 

ters were completed. The 
boycott ' handed the , Jamaica 
Labour Party five more years in 
office' without an opposition in 
the Lower House of Parliament. 

Mr Manley's hints of public 
disturbances if fresh elections 
are not promptly called have 
clearly caught the attention of 
the analysts. Jamaica earned a 
reputation for violent political 
tribalism when at least 600 
people died during the 1980 

In an effort to diminish the 
effect of the New York firm’s 
report on investor confidence 
and this year's tourism. Mr 
Seaga challenged its findings 
and complained to an American 
TV network which publicized 
them. Yet. he had little to 
complain about The- Prime 
Minister himself fuelled specu- 
lation of a potential confron- 
tation recently by calling on 
supporters to be ready to “take 
to the street^ if disruptive 
action by opponents upsets the 
economy. W 

Income from tourism last I 
year was dented by riots in 
response to raised petrol jprices. 
Mr Seaga narrowly avoided a 
repetition at the outset of this 
winters season only by selling 
off embassy properties in 
London and New York for 
scarce foreign exchange to prop 
up the sliding value of the 
Jamaican dollar which was 
making a new petrol price rise 

But other factors could also 
trigger trouble. Inflation is over 
30 per cent, a quarter of the 
workforce is unemployed and 
social services are being slashed 
to curb government spending. 

to Milan 
train bombing 

Florence (AFP) -.'Seven 
Itaiian criminals, inclirding an 
alleged leader of foe Neapolitan 
Mafia; foe CamorraC have been 
charged in connection with the 
bomb attack on a crowded 
Naples- Milan train that left 15 
dead and 230 injured on 
December 23,. 1984, an official 
announced here yesterday. 

The alleged Camorra leader 
was identified as Giuseppe 
Misso. reportedly dose to neo- 
fascist circles. He and five of foe 
others are already behind bars 
on separate charges, and foe 
seventh suspect is under house 
arrest, the acting State Pros- 
ecutor. Signor Piero Luigi 
Vigua, said at a press confer: 
exice here.-" - 

The new charges against foe: 
group range from murder,' 
illegal detention, attack - with 
terrorist intentions,! and subver- 
sion of constitutional order 
An article in the Rome 

bdped to organize the attack. 

Haiti tease 

after call 
for national 

% u 

Port-au-Prince (AFP) Un. 
signed ■ leaflets calling f OT a 
nationwide general strike. ware 
distr ibu ted here less than a 
week after .the Haitian- Govern, 
merit dosedschools and univer- 
sities and pledged - rigorous 
repression of “illegal acta” 

Protests against the regime of 
Preskfem-for-life ■ Jcan- Qhndc 
DuvaHer have gained momes. 
turn since November 28 when 
security forces kffled .four 
people, three of them students, 
at Gcnaives, -90 miles north of 
Port-au-Prince. ' - 

The Army and the civilian 
militia known as the -Tontora 
Macoutes have beext akned to 
“protect lives and goods", 

Prostitute wins 
court appeal 

Lausann e (Reuter) - The 
Swiss Supreme Court ruled that 
a Zurich court was wrong to 
deny a prostitute compensation 
for lost earnings after she was 
injured seriously in - a car 
accident in 1971. 

She had paid tax and national 
insurance contributions and 
had the same _ rights as an 
ordinary .citizen, the highw 
court declared.' Her claim was 
for £750,000 for medical costs, 
compensation and lost earnings 
until her 45th birthday in 1989, 
but she seems unlikely to get the 
full amount. 

Court ruling on 
border war 

Amsterdam - Burkina Faso 
-and Mali, foe -two former 
French colonies in West Africa 
which . waged, brief war - in 
December^, have ~ been given 
until the end of foe month to 
agree, on a demarcation line 
behind which they must with- 
draw their forces (Robert Schuil 
writes). • 

Fading this, the International 
Court of Justice in The Hague 
gave wanting that it will itself 
designate a temporary border. 

Fatal walk 

■ Hjoerring (Renter) - A man 
and his two-year-old daughter 
were found frozen to death only 
400 yards from their home after 
a snowstorm. Danish police 
said. He had abandoned Ttis car 
and started walking. 

Snack shoot-out 

Karachi (Reuter) - Three 
people were killed and nine 
wounded when a gunfighi 
developed after students refused 
to pay -hawkers for food and 
cigarettes at the railway station 
at I a rkan a, Sind province. 

Crazed husband 

Arlington, Texas (AFP) - An 
American under treatment for 
alcohol and drug addiction took 
his wife hostage, killed a woman 
and injured a man and finally 
shot himself dead after learning 
that his wife wanted a divorce. 

Jail battle 

Pfcndietoir (AFP). — One 
prisoner . was stabbed to death 
and 19 other prisoners and 
guards injured in a riot which 
broke out in tbc gymnasium at 
Indiana state prison here. The 
second outbreak of vicdonce in a 
week. ' : - • . 

BMA chief urges 
support for 
Chilean doctors 

The secretary of foe British 
Medical Association. Dr John 
Havard. yesterday urged doc- 
tors around the world to aid the 
Chilean doctors’ organization in 
its stand against torture by their 
country’s Government. 

Comp laining in .a British 

Medical Journal leading artide 
about lack of medical exchange 
with Chilean doctors, he said: 
“Ostracism only plays into the 
hamk of the oppressive regime 
by concealing from foe rest of 
the world what is going on 

Praising the stand taken, by 
the Colegio Medico dc Chile, 
the Chilean medial organiza- 
tion, he said an international 
meeting on human rights held 
there at foe end of last year, 
which he attended, was visited 
by foe secret police who then 
raided -the Santiago human; 
rights office. 

10 people die in 
collapse of 
Cairo buildings 

Cairo - Five buildings 
collapsed in a crowded district 
of Cairo yesterday, kilting at 

least 10 people and' wounding 
many others (Our Correspon- 
dent writes). 

As bulldozers moved in on 
Mohammed All Street in 
Ataba, once . renowned as 
Cairo's red light district, 
officials gave varying estimates 
of the number of people caught 
under the rubble. 

Riot police cordoned off the 
block as dozens of people 
gathered on the street or on 
balconies to watch foe rescue. 

Buildings often collapse in 
Cairo's poorer, more over- 
crowded areas, where inhabi- 
tants often complain that 
government inspections - of 
suspect buildings are not 
vigilant . 

Ershad poll ultimatum 

From Ahmed Fazl, Dhaka 

Dhaka - President Enhad of 
Bangladesh said that 
taw would continue indefinitely 
if foe mam opposition parties 
refused to take part in elections 
he promised by April this year 
(Ahmed Fad writes). 

He told a big rally organized 

by foe pro-government Jstiyo 
(National) party in central 
Dhaka that he would neither lift 
martial law nor hand over to a 
opposition as conditions far 
parti c i p atio n . "They win eith er 
accept elections under martial 
law or military rule continues.” 

Six reasons why 
you should mention 
UNICEF in your Will 

Measles Tuberculosis 

Tetanus Diphtheria 

PoHo Whooping cough 

Every year, these she diseases r^aim the 
fives ufaliiM>Bl four mfflin n chil>b »wi m fh«» 
Third World. 

For forty years UNICEF -the United Nations 
Children’s Fund - has been battling to saw the 
fives arid to boring foe promise of a better future to 
chadren afl over the workL . 

Alre ady htihut mortality rales have dropped 
dramatically and more children enjoy a longer, 
happier ltfe.% 1990 vw hope to have vac cinated an 
the World's children to protect them from these - 
six killers. And for the next forty years we will 
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By creating a legacy to UNICEF in your Will 
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Jost to UNICEF, FREEPOST* London, WCZA 3BR. 

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Name. • 


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UiCK >h»v; 

China's younger ... party 
offici a ls in Mr -Deng . Ziaopiiig’s 
; reformist leadership team have 
i Taken over the battle against 
corruption irony conservatives 
who had used “unhealthy 
ten de nci e s” to criticize the. 
current . economic ■ refivTimj 
Western diplomats said yester- 
day.- . ■; •• 

Last/week saw the lannchof a. 
top-level campaign, against. cor- 
ruption at a two-day special - 
meetin g att ended by 8,000 
senior party, government and 
army officials. The sources said 
that the new team will also be- 
weeding out anfi-reformers in. 
the central party organizations 
and government departments. 

Mr Hu Yaobang, the General 
Secretary - of the party, gave 
notice to such people when he 
specifically mentioned ”*fimc- 
tionflries (who) cannot meet the 
demands of die modernization 
Tasks.” while a deputy head of 
the new three-man anti-corrup- 
tion team also called for the 
removal of unqualified officials. 

The meeting also shows that 
the young reformists promoted 
to the _ Politburo and party 
secretariat at last September’s 
party conference "are now 
running the country. 

The diplomats, said that 
although Mr Hu delivered a 
keynote speech, it was the 
young reformists, led by Mr Hu 
Qffi, aged 56, who dominated 

Brazil gold 
hunters kill 
60 Indians 

Manaus, Brazil (AFP) - at 
least 60 Indians were killed last 
week by about 200 gold 
prospectors who invaded the 
Tuksno tribal reserve in. the 
Amazon region of northern . 
Brazil, two Brazilian congress- - 
men said. 

The prospectors, said to -be 
linked to a mining firm, were 
armed with machine-guns and 
automatic rifles while the ' 
Indians were carrying -only 
primitive weapons, the con- 
gressmen said, on Friday. 

Setxhor Arthur Virgifio Neto 
and Senhor Pedro G on calves, of 
the ruling Brazilian Democratic 
Movement party, said the 
masscre was in a gold-rich area 
According to ah Indian chief; r 
Benedito Machado, . 30,000 
Indians are on their way he help I 

the Tukanos. y I 

dte 1 ' meeting. - ’None’ of -the 
veteran leaders ~ Mr Deng, 
PresidentLi -Xiannian W Mr 
' Chen ,5fim attended. “They 
had tijfiu-.say at the September 
conference/’ one diplomat said. 
r lt was Ihes younger Mr Hu - 
raped $ be the party’s General 
Secretary..- who announced the 
formation of the. top-level anti- 
cranqrtion team, headed by Mr . 
Qra^ Shi, aged . 60, - Mr Wang 
Zhaognq, aged 44, ~ and . Mr 
Qiaqg Baochiij. who- is in -his 
Sixties: - • 

M ...Mr Qiao and Mr Wang. have 
“mi p eccable reformisi txtden- 

while not a^r^n nm'gt., V. jnaWwK J 
everybody in the people’s" 
liberation -Army”. Mr.Qiang’s 
PLA. ; connections .. (he , was 
formerly .party-secreteiy and 
political commissar- of Jilin 
province.. and military, district) 
are'importani because ; there is 
no one from the Anmy in. the 
team and corraptioti; within the. 
military is also serious. 

'Moreover, the diplomat 
MrQia ng is also secretary of the 
Central -J Discipline - ^Inspection* 
Commission, headed by a noted 
conservative. Mr Chen Yun. Mr 
Qiang’s appcchxbneatto the new 
team will ease the demotion: of 
the commission' from the front ' 
ranks of the anti-corruption 
campaign. 'The commission, “is 
now under the control of -the' 
reformists”, the diplomat ad- 
ded. : ■ : . , 

This attempt at house-clean- 
ing. by 'the ./reformists in 
preparation J for the 13th party 
-icongress in ; ise7,.jmalyst5 raid, 

- is -their first big initiative since 
their victory at- the September 
.prity conference.. yj 

took a lot of courage 
because the stakes are very 
high,” one diplomat remarked. 

■ “Their suviyal and the continu- 
ation of the refo rms are at stake 
now.” . 

: - :Mr Tian Jiyun, aged 56, a 
Pol itbirra member and aicn 
Deputy .Prime Minister in 
.charge: of price and wage' 
/reforms, . appeared to-be coiin'-. 
tering mounting popular dissat 
isfaction over inflation when be 

told the meeting: “Incomes 
have grown fester than prices. 
Durihgthe T 981-1 985 period, 
prices have risen on average by 
18.7, per cent while the average 
urban worker’s pay increased by 
68-; per -cent and peasants’. 
incomes 1 had more th«n doub- 
led, people’s living standards 
have improved despite the price 
rises.” ' 

- However, Mr Tian. also said 
that the- Government would be 
taking - certain measures to 
counter price rises. . 

. He reiterated that the policy 
of allowing some people to 
become wealthier was “correct” 
and that the economic reforms 
would not lead to capitalism. 

r .£■ 

Spain seeks arrest 
of ETA exile 

- From Harry Ddw&ns,Msdrid 

Spain will ask the French to 
arrest a Basque exile living in 
southern France, after police 
who rescued a Bilbao industrial- 
ist from kidnappers', found 
evidence that the abduction was 
ordered and directed'- by an 
exile, the pro-Go vemment daily 
£7 Pair reported yesterday. 

Police indentified the sus- 
pected leader of /the military 
wing of the Basque separatist 
organization as Sefior Santiago 
Anospide . - Sarasola, alias 
Potros. His arrest could be the 
first -step ' to -an- ..extradition 
request. . 1 

The Government revealed 
yesterday that officials of the 
Interior' Ministry and the 
Foreign Ministry were in Cape 
Verde at the weekend, seeking 
Ibc pcrmission of. the Cape 
Verde Government to banish 

more - ETA terrorists to the 
African, island republic. There 
are already three. ETA activists 
confined to Cape Verde. - 

Meanwhile, there have been 
conflicting reports in the press 
about bow police managed to 
discover the “people’s jail*’ near 
Bilbao and free the kidnapped 
industrialist. Some said the 
information came from ETA 
men tortured in Ecuador while 
others said the -tip-off came 
from those, in Gape Verde. The 
police have claimed the hide- 
out was discovered by detec- 
tives making routine checks. 

As. the - investigation con- 
tinued into the kidnapping, 
police discovered on- Saturday 
another anus cache used by the 
terrorists at Sandies, the . town 
where JBObao airport is located. 


Dr Mario Soares, the Socialist candidate, saluting supporters at his inaugural rally 

Five start race for Eanes job 

From Martha de la Cal, Santarem 

Portugal’s fire presidential 
candidates ; officially opened 
their campaign at the weekend 
with noisy rallies around the 
country. They have already 
been campaigning hard for 
several months in the closely- 
fought contest to succeed 
General Ramalho Eanes, who 
is stepping down after two five- 
year terms. 

The socialist candidate. Dr 
Mario Soares, who is nnkisz a 
steady comeback after the 
resounding defeat of his party 
in last year’s parliamentary 
elections, opened his campaign 
in Lisbon with a colourful 
pageant at a sports ground. 

He has enlisted the support 
of Portugal's Olympic mara- 
thon champion, Carlos Lopes, 
wbq appears on a campaign 
poster evtnlKng Dr Soares's 
qualities as a “tong-distance 
runner”. Dr Soares is cam- 
paigning as die candidate who 
can prevent a political polariza- 

tion of the country and 
guarantee stability. 

Dr Salgado Zenha, the former 
socialist hacked by President 
Eanes as his successor, laun- 
ched Ms campaign on Saturady 
night in Santarem, a prosper- 
ous agricultural town north of 
Lisbon where President 
Eanes’s Democratic Renewal 
Party (PRD) which is backing 
Dr Zenha, was established last 

Dr Zenha said he intended to 
carry on the work of the 
popular, respected President 
Eanes. He said the election of 
his right-wing opponent. Dr 
Dlogo Freitas do Amaral, who 
is expected to emerge in first 
place on January 26 and go on 
to tiie second round of voting in 
February against whoever of 
the three left-wing candidates 
comes in second, would bring a 
period of instability 

The Communist candidate. 

Senhor Angel Veloso, has said 
he would stand down later in 
favour of Dr Zenha, who has 
sressed that the Communists - 
who represent about 18 per cent 
of the vote - are citizens, just 
like other Portuguese. 

Dr Freitas do AmaraL sup- 
ported by the Christian Demo- 
crats and most of the soda! 
Democrats, launched his cam- 
paign at the Crystal Palace in 
Oporto. He presents himself as 
a man at the centre, with a 
European outlook, who stands 
for free enterprise. 

The populist Roman Cath- 
olic candidate, Senhora Maria 
Lourdes Pintnsilgo, who is not 
backed by any political party, 
chose the agranlan reform 
lands of the Alentejo to begin 
her campaign. She is the 
unknown element in the presi- 
dential elections. The exact 
extent of her popular support is 
a constant worry for the other 


by police 

From Roger Boyes 

Polish secret police have 
arrested a Solidarity under- 
ground leader who has been on 
the run since the December, 
1981. martial law crackdown. 

Mr Bogdan Borusewicz rep- 
resented the Gdansk region on 
the Solidarity underground's 
three-man leadership and is the 
most important arrest for more 
than six months. Mr Lech . 
Walesa, chairman of the out-j 
la wed union, described him as 
one of the country's “most 
outstanding and most talented 
fighters for human rights”. 

Mr Borusewicz has been near . 
the top of the military pros- 
ecutor’s wanted List for several 
years and was responsible last ! 

October for gathering and I 
collating secret election-turnout 1 
figures during parliamentary j 

These contradicted the 
official figures and were later 
quoted by Mr Walesa. The 
enraged authorities opened a 
slander case against Mr Walesa 
and stepped up the hunt for Mr 

The official news agency PAP 
said Mr Borusewicz was sus- 
pected of “carrying out illegal 
activities aimed against the vital 
interests of the state". 

The last important under- 
ground figure to be arrested was 
Mr Tadeusz Jedynak last June. 

Mr Borusewicz took over the 
Gdansk leadership from Mr 
Bogdan Lis, who was arrested in 
June, 1984, and ranked as an 
important moderating force 
within the underground. His 
arrest poses a serious problem 
for Solidarity. 

• Glemp meeting; M Jean- 
Michel Baylet, a French Deputy 
Foreign Minister, met Car dinal 
Jozef Glemp, the Polish pri- 
mate, during an official visit to 
Warsaw last week. Church 
sources say they discussed the 
future of a church fund to 
channel Western money to 
private farmers in Poland. 

Passport offer may head off Sri Lanka tea strike 

Colombo - The Ceylon run the majority of the tea 
Workers Congress today is estates. 

expected to call off its half-day The 400.000-member con- 
prayer session protest 'on Sri grass is mainly composed of 
Lanka's tea plantations (Vijitha Indian Tamils and is led by Mr 

Yapa writes). 

The workers wanted a full 
day’s wage though they would 
work from tomorrow for only 

S: Th on daman, a Tamil minis- 
ter in President Jayewardene’s 
Govern men L One of the main 
demands is that its people 

At an emergency session 
yesterday the congress decided 
to postpone the final derision 
until they had a meeting with 
the Minister of National Secur- 
ity. Mr Lalith Aihulathmudali. 

The Indian High Com- 
missioner, Mr J. N. Dixit has 

sources said. The Sri T-anlta 
Government is expected to 
absorb them others, which 
would satisfy the congress. 

A strike of the tea estates 
would have dealt a crippling 
blow to the island's tea exports 
already hit by threats by a , 

half a day for the next three should be granted Sri Lanks 
months.. This was refused by the citizenship to end their state- 
state-owned plantations, which Iessness. 

assured Mr Aihulathmudali and Tamil guerrilla group to intro- 

Mr Th on dam an that India 
would give passports to 83.000 
of- the stateless, informed 

duce cyanide. The Government 
is now testing tea samples of all 
exports to assure buyers. 

Athens to 
get F16s 
after deal 
with US 

From Mario Modiano 

The United States has lifted 
its objections to the sale of 40 
FI 6 fighter aircraft to Greece, 
but only after Athens formally 
undertook to prevent military 
technology leaks to the Soviet 

Clearance for the SI billion 
(£670 million) sale significantly 
came after discreet Greek 
assurances that the Americans 
could keep their military facili- 
ties in the country beyond 1 990, 
Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, is expected to 
visit Athens next spring to 
negotiate a formula that would 
satisfy the US without embar- 
rassing the Socialist Govern- 
ment, which is ideologically 
committed to ending the Ame- 
rican presence by the end of the 

The final text of a US-Greek 
agreement providing for con- 
crete measures to protect 
Western weapons systems from 
technology leaks was signed last 
week. Within hours Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, the US Defence 
Secretary, sent a letter to Mr 
Andreas Papandreou, the Greek 
Prime Minister, announcing 
that be had given the green light 
for the aircraft sale. 

American misgivings about 
Greek security have held up the 
deal for more than six months. 
They were strengthened by the 
revelations of a Soviet official, 
Mr Sergei Bokhan, who was 
serving in Athens until he 
defected to the US last May. 
that Soviet military intelligence 
was obtaining Western high- 
technology secrets in Greece. 

His testimony led to the 
arraignment of three Greeks, 
including a junior naval officer, 
on charges of selling defence 
secrets to the Russians. The 
chief of Greek central intelli- 
gence, General George Po litis, 
questioned Mr Bokhan in 
Washington last month. 

Delivery of the FI 6s from 
General Dynamics is to begin in 
30 months. Greek officials find 
this delay disconcerting. They 
had been relying on their order 
for 40 French Mirage 2000 
fighters and the 40 F16s to 
preserve the balance of power 
with Turkey, which placed its 
own order for 160 FI6» more 
than a year ago. without having 
to sign a confidentiality agree- 

Greek opposition parties 
claimed in Parliament last week 
that Turkish air violations in 
the Aegean were becoming 
more frequent. 

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Iberian Socialists alter 
balance of power 
in European Parliament 

The European Parliament 
•news today for the first time 
5tnce the enlargement of the 
EEC to 12 members, with the 
large-scale influx of Spanish and 
Portuguese MEPs altering the 
balance of power at Strasbourg. 

The arrival of a sizeable 
contingent of articulate Iberian 
Socialists puts the left-wing 
-parties in Parliament closer to a 
majority, challenging the tra- 
ditional centre-right dominance 
of the chamber. Wi thin the 
Socialist group itself the new 
Spanish and Portuguese MEPs, 
described by Parliament 
officials as “serious, pragmatic, 
business-oriented and very pro- 
Europe", will reduce the im- 
portance of the British Labour 
MEPs, most of whom are 
virulently anti -Community. 

The total number of MEPs 
rises from 434 to 518, with the 
Socialist group increasing by 42 
to 172, the Christian Democrats 
by seven to 117, and the 
Conservatives from 50 to 63. 

The Parliament faces crucial 
issues this week, including the 
disputed 1986 budget and the 
institutional reforms agreed at 
last ' month's Luxembourg 
summit The Council of Minis- 
ters has threatened to take the 
Parliament to the European 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Court for passing an “illegal" 
budget which includes extra 
funds to take account of both 
the cost of enlargement and 
1986 social and regional spend- 

The 60 Spanish and 24 
Portuguese MEPs are all parlia- 
mentarians from their national 
assemblies and have been 
nominated for Strasbourg ac- 
cording to the relative parlia- 
mentary strengths of the Span- 
ish and Portuguese political 

But the European Parliament 
has been directly elected since 
1979. and Spain and Portugal 
are expected to hold separate 
elections for the Strasbourg 
assembly this year. 

There is speculation that 
Scflor Felipe Gonz&lez, the 
Spanish Pome Minister, will 
hold Spain's Euro-electiop at 
the same time as the country’s 
referendum on Nato member- 
ship, thus reinforcing Spain's 
identity with the Western world 
in the minds of Spanish voters. 

Among the Iberian MEPs are 
several distinguished pro- 
fessionals in a chamber some- 
times criticized for its low-cal- 
ibre membership. 

Apart from the Socialist 
group, the right-wing groups at 

Europowi P am oc rUc 

> .0 ... . i*rm 


Strasbourg will also be strength- 
ened with Senor Manuel Fraga’s 
Popular Alliance party entering 
the European Democratic 
Group, hitherto dominated by 
the British Conservatives. 

"Unfortunate for the British 
Tories," one Strasbourg official 
said, “especially since Fraga’s 
party was dose to Franco in 
pre-democratic Spain and could 
be said to belong more naturally 
to the European right", a 
reference to Parliament's Ear- 
right grouping. 

The ability of the left at 
Strasbourg to challenge the 
centre-right will depend on 
greater voting discipline within 
the Socialist group. Discipline 
has often been lax in the past, 
with left-wing deputies not 
bothering to vote. 

The Iberian influx will cause 
some redistribution of seating 
in the chamber, which spans the 
entire spectrum of European 
politics from the Communists 
and the Greens to the GaulUsts, 
the Christian Democrats and 
the European right. 

The new complexion of the 
Strasbourg chamber still leaves 
the left some 20 votes short of 
an outright majority, so that it 
will have to canvass soupport 
from the Independents and 
encourage defections from the 
Gaullists or Christian Demo- 

Problems may also arise over 
the Spanish MEPs* demand 
that, as an important European 
nation. Spain should be allotted 
two vice-presidential seats in 
Parliament There are 12 vice- 
presidents at present 

“The Spanish are very keen 
to be accepted immedia tely as 
dynamic and committed Euro- 
peans," one official said. “They 
are young, liberal-minded and 
dedicated, and will not tolerate 
being patronized as backward 

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Mrs Corazon Aquino and her running mate, Mr Salvador Lateral, campaigning in Cebo 
• ■ City, where they were greeted by 200,000 Filipinos . ' ' ' . 

Marcos stronghold cheers Aquino 

Danao City, Philippines (AP) 
- As Mrs Corazon Aquino, the 
Philippines presidential chal- 
lenger, campaigned on Cebu 
island yesterday, the daughter 
of President Marcos followed 
her trail to try to keep the area 
on her father's side. 

Mrs Imee Marcos Manotoc, a 

member of the National As- 
sembly, visited slums and- 
attended a religious festival, 
after more than 200,000 cheer- 
ing Cebu residents gave Mrs' 
Aquino the biggest welcome so 
far for a candidate in the 
February 7 election. 

In Manila President Marcos 

Rome finds 
70 spies in 
six months 

From John Earle 

The Italian security services 
have unmasked 70 secret agents 
of foreign countries in the six 
months between last May and 
November, Signor Bettino 
Craxi, the Italian Prime Minis- 
ter. disclosed in a report to 
Parliament at the weekend. 

Though the spies were from a 
wider area than the Middle 
East the Prime Minister ex- 
pressed particular anxiety at the 
"high risk" of Italy being 
contaminated by the violence 
and terrorism sweeping that 

Evidence of this had been 
seen in incidents sucb as ibe 
Palestinian hijacking in 
November of the liner Achille 
Laura and the terrorist attack at 
Rome airport after Christmas. 

The six-monthly security 
report said that, while domestic 
terrorism had generally de- 
creased, there were signs of a 
revival of activity by right-wing 
extremists, who had links both 
with extremists abroad and with 
the Mafia. 

A two-prong strategy for 
dealing with Middle East 
terrorism was outlined by 
Signor Craxi in a reply to a 
personal letter from President 
Reagan about Washington’s 
sanctions against Libya. 
Though the text is confidential, 
it was made knowTi that Signor 
Craxi firstly emphasized the 
importance of strict security 
measures, both internally and 

In the wake of the Achille 
Laura hijacking, the Captain, 
Gerardo dc Rosa, announced 
last week that he was writing a 
script for a proposed film about 
the event. But the Genoa 
magistrate conducting the ju- 
dicial inquiry as halted the 
project for the time being by 
warning that the matter is still 

The spread of Middle East terror in Europe 

Dutch alert widens to cover US targets 

The Hague (AP) - The Abu 
Nidal terrorist alert in The 
Netherlands yesterday was 
expanded to include American 
diplomatic and commercial 
offices, as well as Jewish and 
Israeli institutions, the Dutch 
Justice Ministry’ said. 

An alert in both The Nether- 
lands and Scandinavia began on 
Thursday and Friday, with 
Interpol warnings of a possible 
strike against Jewish or Israeli 
targets by terrorist commands 
under the direction of the Abu 
Nidal faction believed to be in 
the region. 

No terrorist-related incidents 
or arrests were reported in any 
of the nations concerned over 
the weekend, and Scandinavian 
authorities yesterday said their 
original alert continued but had 
not been expanded to include 
possible American targets. 

The access road to the front 
of the United States Embassy in 
The Hague was blocked by 
sand-fill ed lorries at each end 

last night, and police converged 
within minutes to investigate 
the flash of a photographers’ 

Dutch authorities said pri- 
vately that the expanded alert 
made guarding potential Ameri- 
can targets, as well as Israeli and 
Jewish ones, “practically im- 

• BONN: West Germany's 
Federal Public Prosecutor. Herr 
Kurt Rebmann, yesterday drew 
attention to what has probably 
been the easiest route for Arab 
terrorists into West Europe 
(Frank Johnson writes). 

It is the Friedrichstrasse 
railway station - the dirty, 
dilapidated building which is 
the first, or last, railway station 
in East Berlin. Travellers from 
East Berlin can catch unhin- 
dered the train which will take 
them the few hundred yards 
across the Wall to the first 
station in West Berlin. 

Ii is one of the two main 
points from where visitors enter 

and leave East Berlin, the other 
being the vehicle-and-ped- 
estrian crossing place, check- 
point Charlie. 

To get beyond the East 
German barrier at 'Friedrichs- 
trasse. and on to the westbound 
platform, the average. traveller 
must produce a non-Eastem 
Block passport and the visa, 
enabling lum to enter East 
Berlin for a day, with which he 
would have been issued by the 
East German border force on 
the way in. Therefore it is not 
possible for most East Berliners 
to make the trip. But many 
Arabs live in East Berlin, 
engaged in various activities 
paid for by the East German 
Government, and their Middle 
East passports enable them to 
come and go as they please. 

Once in West Berlin, they can 
catch trains or aircraft to any 
part of West Europe. Although 
they have to produce a passport 
at West Berlin's airport, it has 
not been usual until now for 

them to be questioned as to 
where they have come from. It 
is difficult to prove that they 
have not been solely in West 
Berlin rather than in the East 

Arab terror commandos can 
be smuggled into the federal 
republic via East Berlin", Herr 
Rebmann said in an interview 
with the West Berlin magazine 
VVellbild. “The trouble- spot is 
the Friedrichstrasse station in 
Berlin. - 

It is also assumed here that 

Herr Rebmann's remarks mean 
increased security checks on 
passengers getting out at West 
Berlin stations from trains 
comimg from Friedrichstrasse. 
But there are many such 
stations and checks will be 


Herr Rebmann said the 
alliances were well known 
between Libya and other Arab 
terrorists, and the West German 
terrorist group, the Red Army 

Howe insists on Libyan 
hand in airport attacks 

From Denis Taylor, Muscat 

Pope wants UN censure 
on states aiding killers 

From John Earle, Rome 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
British Foreign Secretary, said 
here yesterday that it was 
becoming clearer there was 
Libyan involvement in the 
recent terrorist attacks at Rome 
and Vienna airports. 

He made the remark during 
talks with Mr Yussef al-Alawi, 
the Omani Foreign Minister. It 
is understood that be did not 
elaborate on this statement. 

The Arab-Isracli problem, 
including terrorism, and the 
gulf war. look up the bulk of 
discussions lasting 90 minutes 
at the start of the Foreign' 
Secretary's tour of Oman, Saudi 
Arabia and Kuwait. 

Sir Geoffrey said that terror- 
ism diminished the credibility 
of moderate Palestinians. Bri- 
tain had backed the peace 
initiative of King Husain of 

Jordon. When Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Israeli Prime minis- 
ter, visits London next week, 
the British Government would 
make an effort to help to revive 
the peace process, he said. 

The Foreign Secretary added 
that he was glad that King 
Husain was now taking to 
President Assad of Syria. 

The Omani minister also 
expressed support for the 
Jordanian -Syrian rapprochment 
which be hoped would help to 
create a united Arab negotiating 

Oman's pessimism about 
prospects for a settlement of the 
Gulf war was made dear during 
this and a later meeting Sir 
Geoffrey had with Sultan 
Qaboos bin-Said, the head of 

The Pope has intimated that 
the United Nations should act 
against member countries that 
connive at international terror- 
ism. In a speech on Saturday to 
diplomats accredited to the 
Holy See, he said the United 
Nations “should not tolerate" 
members that disregaded the 
principles enshrined in its 
Charter bv compromising them- 
selves with terrorism. - 

The Commandment Thou 
shall not kill' is first of all a 
fundamental and irremovable 
principle of religion," he told 
ambassadors -from 117 coun- 


He condemned absolutely 
those who did not hesitate -to 
kill innocent people and take 
hostages, since these were 
crimes against humanity. At the 
same time there were situations 

which nad awaited solution too 
long, giving rise to feelings of 
frustration, hatred and revenge. ■ 

Without mentioning the 
Palestinians, the Pope appealed 
for negotiations and dialogue to 
overcome obstacles to the just 
aspirations of peoples. . “In 
particular is it not here that one 
finds the knot of the injustice 
which must be united to arrive 
at a just and feir solution to the 
whole -question the Middle 

In a powerful speech devoted 
to foreign affairs, also spoke out 
against the systematic terror of 
police states towards their 
inhabitants, the socio-economic 
exploitation of one country by 
another, and the exploitation of 
a country’s citizens by its 
privileged elite. 

Reagan spells out conditions for ending sanctions 

From Michael Binyon 

As Mr John Whitehead, the 
Deputy Secretary of State, 
begins his visit to Europe to 
persuade allied leaders to back 
the US over sanctions on Libya, 
President Reagan has said that. 
Colonel Gadaffi would have to 
show that he bad ended all 
support for terrorism before 
these were lifted. 

In an interview with The 
Times , and four other West 
European correspondents on 
Friday, Mr Reagan said: “He 
would have to reveal actions 
that he has severed those 
connections and is no longer 
backing these terrorist groups." 
When I asked the President 

President outlining his conditions to (from centre left) Michael Binyon of The 

Times, Henri Pierre of Le Monde and Leo Wierland of Frankfurter Allgememe Zeitung. 

split over the issue. "It certainly 
would not make us turn on 
them, and I don’t believe there 
has ever -been a time when the 
outright friendship between 
governments or allies has been 
as strong as it is now." .... 

Concentrating entirely on the 
Libyan crisis as he spoke to the 
five correspondents in -the Oval 
Office, he said Soviet involve-, 
meat with Libya was “very 

Mr Reagan said he spoke at 
length about terrorism to' Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the ’Soviet 

leader, at their Geneva meeting. 
Mr Gorbachov, the Soviet 
leader, at their Geneva meeting. 
Mr Gorbachov had expressed 
his repugnance for terrorist acts. 

SStar hE “wHB a *ion might ha aacaswy" by obvimgiy rejoned B, resign ^TSSS JlSA 5? £ 

there was no financial link and ordcringmem to leave. But he ^nhrirfit in US action against Libya, that 


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wSilWSSSfS SfrifMSlSS 

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anon. We were a little defence- mej aemn 01 abotot ng as had happened other papers represented were 

. . . whfle so many of our gSo,™ that is what I am SESudy over the SitoSmgu Le Aionfc teSlampa. Frank- 

anzenswre there andpotemgl hoping our friends and allies pipeline. The transatlantic re- JurterAlgemane Zoning and 

-tail sSrlo On w place t» srug for a rfvtcnna 

Mr Gorbachov 
over Libya in the 
would be bringing 

Colonel Gadaffi assassinated into an airport and just simply - W HC J ” ." OT 

“You don’t join them at their shoot human beings that were contacted 
level. Terrorism in response to there?" - , 

terrorism is not the answer. It is But Mr Reagan emphasised P 351 
terrorism that is the eviL that the US would not make ltn f‘ ' „ 

“When Imentionedamoment sanctions a test of alliance As well as The Times, the 

ago that a moral issue was solidarity, as had happened othtf papers represented were 
involved, that is what I am previously over the Siberian gas Le Monae, La Slampa, rrank- 
hopieg our friends and allies pipeline. The transatlantic re- fi Zoning and 

wifi consider. Can we place iationship was too strong for a DieFresse, qf Vienna 

mocked Mrs Aquino’s, political 
inexperience, ridiculed her 
statement that -she would 
welcome- Communists into her 
government -if they, renounced 
-violence, ’ and . expressed confi- 
dence that he would he -iV 

Order to get 

out splits 


From Robert Fisk, 
Tripoli, Libya 
American residents oT Libya 
are divided over whether or not 

they should u;ey President 
Reagan’s, instruction’ fur leave 
the. country -by the end 'of this 
mouth. : Some, inriudtog 
American women married to 
Libyans, have said, that they 
intend to defy 1 the order, though 
oil workers have admitted 
privately - and with some 
bitterness — that they will have 
to go home, even though West 
Europeans will probably take 
their, jobs. 

The American community in 
Libya has not been informed 
officially of Mr Reagan's 
decision - they have no 
embassy in Tripoli - and even 
estimates of their numbers vary 
widely. The Belgians, who look 
after US interests here, say 
they believe there are no more 
than 600 US citizens Jn the 
country. The State Department 
pots the figure at 1,500; one oB 
worker thought there might be 
as many as 3,000. 

But already the 
Americans prepared to talk to 
reporters - -and then only 
anonymously have spoken with 
some cynicism of their future. 
A few families are wondering if 
the Libyans would grant them 
entry .and exit visas without 
stamping their US passports - 
thus making it impossible for 
the American authorities to 
prove they had remained here. 

Others have said they are 
merely scapegoats in a crisis 
which is not of their making. 
No American citizen is known 
to have said that he or. she feels 
threatened in Libya. 

An American oB company 
technician, who returned to his 
desert posting in Libya only 
three days ago, said he would 
leave because he intended to 
obey his country's laws but that 
US ofl companies were arrang- 
ing already for their European 
subsidiaries to fiB the jobs of 

Mr Skeuder Bnune, who is 
head of the Department of 
Recreation at the Overseas Oil 
Company School in Tripoli, 
thought toast US citizens would 
leave. “We don't want to do 
anything to break the law", he 

Be that as it may, another 
Ame ric an teacher at the school 
- a woman who has been here 
five years and asked not to be 
identified -said she. had 
no intention of obeying Mr 
Reagan's order, 

“I’m safer here than in New 
■York", she said. “What is 
wrong with having a job (as a 
teacher) and carrying on a 
living? I was here hack when 
Reagan said that (we should 
font) the fbft time, spd.I djd 
not go home. I'm not worried 
about breaking this law. It is 
anconstittftionaL Tim President 
does not have the power to do 
that President Reagan mlh« 
about terrori st s , hot our con 
try is full of violent ainanals. 

An American woman teacher 
at the same school, who is 
married to a Libyan, said she 
felt no threat to herself la the 
country. “A Sen people will 
leave", she said. “They feel 
they have to; nobody wants to 
go home and be in jail for 10 
years. But why should they 
have to leave four jobs and 
their friends? Some of them 
have been here for years. It's 
hurting us Americans." . 


on him wins trust 

From ^Sne Branford, Siio 

On March 8 last yrer, 
Senhor Jo st Saroey, who bad 
been elected Vfce-Presid«t 
earlier hi the year* confided to a 
friend: >1 know that I shaH 
only hare a secondary iweta 
Brazil's new democracy. But 1 
am satisfied. The vice-presi- 
descy- fe for me n kind rf 

Little did he know that just * 

week later, he would be 
arerpring the presidential sash 
in place of the. incapacitated 
Ptesidcnt-elect, Senho r Tan - 
credo Neves, and that erenta- 
aUy, after the fetter's death, he 

would take over the presidency. 

Far from retiring, he was 
the most demanding 
task of his life. 

; The impact of this bizarre 
rhahi of events . is itiO sharply 
Mt 10 months Mater. Unlike 
Senhor Neres, President Sar- 
ney is no world statesman and 
ft: b unlikely tint he would 
hare reached the presidency 
itanigb' ’ft*® normal route. 

Over flie past few mon t hs he 
h** met both President Mitter- 
rand of France and President 
Atibman of - Argentina. To 
Bahai : to his 'spemtos beside 
thefts is to become' aware, all 
too sharply,, of the ' qualities 
that President Sarney does not 
possess. Unlike them, he is a 
poor pnbiic speaker and does 
not project the image of a 
confident -statesman with - a 
coherent world View. • . 

.. However, he has m anage d , 
skilfully, to%.tnrn his very 
ordinariness into a political 
advantage; The evident diffi- 
culty he has fitted in nnder- 
■gf*y^ng .some of. 'the more 
complex aspects of government, 
together with his humility and 
his willingness to work hard, 
hare won him -the respect and 
trust efmost of the population. 

He is seen as-having made 
foe best of an impossibly 
difficult job and, paradoxically, 
he- is not Mamed for toe 
perceived shortcomings of his 

But what did he achieve in 
19857 Though it tends to be 
overlooked in Brazil itself, his 
Gdyvoirant has mad* real 
progress in ridding the country 
of foe vwte n v ' termn trappings 
left by foe mOftary regime. 
Direct elections for President 
hare -been re-established. -The 
Communist parties hare Been 
legali 2 ed.-.llUterates hare been 
givea the vote. ; w 

Advances .Hare also'' been 
-made’’ 4a - ; foe social field. 
Thanks to 'foe-v&kSL of ‘the - 
Ldtbonr Munster, iSeahor Ataiir 

Challenge to 
Evren by 
left and right 

Frora^ Rasit Gnrdflek 
Ankara' - 

The new year call: by Presi- 
dent Evren- of Turtey for 
internal' peace and obnrauation 
has apparently been misinter- 
preted by the extra-parliamen- 
tary left and right f which 
announced agreement on -tile 
need for a “constitution of 
national reconciliation" to re- 
place the one the President is 
personally pledged to defend-. 

The announcement followed 
a meeting between Mrs-Bahsan. 
Ecevit, leader of the r receiiatly- 
founded Democratic Left Party 
supported by her husband 
Bulent, a former Soda) Demo- 
crat Prime Minister harmed 
from politics until 1992,; and Mr 
Husamettin Cindoruk, - chair- 
man of the True Path /Party 
loyal to the former conservative 
Prime- Minister Mr Suleyman 
DemireJ, who was similarly 
banned from active politics 
after the 1980 army coup: 

They discussed proposals 
advanced earlier in the week by 
the True Path Party for the 
drafting of a “democratic 
constitution** by an elected 
constituent assembly, to be 
followed by elections for a 
“democratic parliament". 

Both leaders called on other 
parties, represented in- Parlia- 
ment to support the initiative. 
They have so fix been unenthu- 
siastic about the proposal, 
preferring a revision by Parlia- 
ment, an unlikely prospect 
given the majority of the ruling 
Motherland Party, which 
favours only minor modifi- 
cations. . 

Mrs Ecevit hailed the True 
Path initiative, saying the 
nation owed its “misfortunes" 
to the rift between left and right 
She favoured the drafting of a 
new constitution by a multi- 
party commission, which could 
be submitted to popular vote 
following general elections. 

Mr Cindoruk said national 
reconciliation could only be 
accomplished “on a base of 
democracy*. He described 
Turkey as “a military republic 
at present". 

Pazzianotto, .foe Government 
has • prev en ted strikes from 
seriously upsetting production 
at foe same time it has avoided 
ns&ig the repressive, anti-strike 
law, which ' has not ben 
repealed because of failure to 
agree on an alternative. 

The first tentative steps have 
been taken, with the distri- 
bution - of free milk and 
medicine . to - afieriate wide* 
spread poverty and malnu- 

The most derisive action of 
all but bees taken in the 
economic field. The Finance 
Minister, Senhor Dfison Funa- 
ro, has established clear pri- 
orities, the most important of 
which is economic growth. 
With the support of most of the 
population, he has refused to 
negotiate another austerity 
programme with the Inter- 
msiioEmS Mteetsry Fuad. 



Pwt 1 . 

Despite these advances, the 
pace of change has disap- 
pointed many people. In par- 
ticular,., ft was widely hoped 
fon t the Government would 
more, more rapidly to rod the 
horrific social inequalities. 

President Sarney admits that 
reforms have not been as 
radical or as rapid as many 
would like, but claims tfcat his 
is a transitional government. It 
will be up to the Congress that 
will be elected in November to 
establish the gmddines for 
fundamental change, be says. 

Ibis Congress will nde the 
country and act as a constituent 
assembly. It is hoped that it 
will create the framework for a 
more- egalitarian society and 
produce a workable, democratic 
constituti on that will banish for 
ever foe scourge of the military 

la the meantime. President 
Safoey’s main political chal- 
lenge will be to stem the 
feeEngs of dissatisfaction, 
which must eventually damage 
his own standing. He will be 
cariying out a radical reshuffle 
of foe Cabinet next month. 
Aides . say that the new 
catchwords are efficiency and 
social communication. 

. Finally, after months of 
respectful? honouring foe 
wishes of Senhor Tancredo 
Neves, he will be assuming full 
responsibility for his Govern- 
ment.' ~ , 

Tomorrow: Priorities reversed 

Spain nears 
of Israel 

Frinn Richard Wigg 


Senor .Frandsco Femdndez 
-Orddnez, Spain’s Foreign Min- 
ister, has assured Arab am- 
bassadors in. Madrid that 
support for. foe Arab cause wfli 
in no Way - be - altered by 
recognition off - Israel, still 
planned for the first half of this 

When it establishes^ ^ 
relations with Israel, Spain . is 
expected to raise the levelyrffop 
Palestine Liberation Oqpi#* 
ation's representation,’ 
.compensatory gesture.' . ,v ;A%\ 

An extra worry for SpaiiLdyer 
other EEC countries in reacting 
to US requests against Qokmri 
Gadaffi u that fts recognition of 
Israel is still pending. Tbfe xs 
apart from its trading interests - 
Spain was among Libya’s 
leading trade partners with 
imports, chiefly petrol, totalling 
more than £770 million in 1984. 

Aware that Madrid's Barajas 
airport was supposed to be the 
third terrorist target together 
with Rome and Vienna last 
month, Spain is deeply worried 
about the possibility of terrorist 
attacks whenever it recognizes. 

Senor Narcis Serna, the 
Defence Minister, now visiting 
Egypt, is believed to be studying 
with Cairo possible Arab reac- 
tions to recognition and the 
security implications. 

Spanish plans for recognition 
include sending special police 
units to guard embassies in the 
Middle East. 

The Foreign Minster’s talk 
with the Arab envoys came after 
the Arab League decided to 
send a delegation to Madrid for 
one last effort to stop recog- 

Senor Felipe Gonzlez, the 
Prime Minister, had hoped 
advances in Middle East peace 
plans would provide a favour- 
able m om ent- Another oppor- 
tunity for recognition as Spain 
joined- the EEC tins now also 
slipped by. 

Pretoria hint of change 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

Positive signals indica te* 
that the South African Govern- 
ment will continue its apartheid 
reform plans can be expected in 
the not too distant future. Dr 

banker who is acting as 
mediator in Pretoria's efforts to 
res ™ od pfe part of its inter- 
naoonal debts, saidyesterday. 

.uSL Letltw ? cr ' wbo k 83 con- 
* thraoday visit to 
Sooth Africa, said he would be 

fSEfif'vS** of creator' 

bank^ in February a which he 

would put proposals designed as 
a “first step back to normality” 
for crisis-hit South Africa. 

Pretoria owes - - its creditors 
$23.7 billion (£16 bilKon) for 
short-term loans, but test 
August after the collapse of foe 
rand it froze repayment of foe 
c apital, but not interest, till' 
^ccmber . 3 Li It ; hat ' since - j 

“tended the fretate till MM 1 
31 and proposed a further . four- 1 

year period of grace on repay- 
ment of the capital - 

.'vv: •- 

' v > v>< 

?$■*£:■< ->,rs 

' '.'-V -•»*. 

! .* ••, 


Sorry, Lufthansa, but your ad for Frankfurt Main 
should never have got off the ground. 

“Continental Europe,” for heaven’s sake! 
Presumably that’s the bit without Britain in it. 

The airport that runs more international flights, 
more often, to more places than any other. 

(With nearly twice as many international 
passengers as Frankfurt.) 

Just add Gatwick, the world’s Number 4 airport, 

world’s premier international airport 
system Cji; to be precise, Britain has. 


fingws te as fotawsfl London HMthroui 24.096.000. ZNe^York JFK 16,334,000 3. Frankfurt 13390.000. 4. London GalWfCk 12.817.000. 5. Pans. Charles de GauUe 1Z.flP3.000. 



' Iberian Socialists alter 
balance of power 
in European Parliament 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

mwa? Court for Wing an -fll^gal'* Strasbomg win also be strength- 

since S u *^ et ’ wl ¥ ch “eludes extra ened with Sefior Manuel Firn’s 

Fvr tn ** 'fo nds to take “count of both Popular Alliance party entering 

laxaO'sale ^ “lar^enient and the European Democratic 

58S5 *S d 1986 “ d spend- Group, hitherto dominated by 

faS«rS,«r MtPs “tenng the mg. the British Conservatives. 

t ^?SriSS W S StnU ^ OUI 5 The 60 Spanish and 24 “Unfortunate for thTfimish 

Portuguese MEPs are all partia- Tories,” one Strasbourg official 
S nJBE ? 1 « f ,£ rt 5? la * e i racnt ™ 5 from thcir national said, “especially since Eraga’s 

JSSJrS p£JS . lcft " win * aw«nbli« and have been party was dose to Francoin 
SakS^^S5f. d ^£f *2L* nom inated for Strasbourg ao- predemocratic Spain and could 


S^nish and PortugucseMEPs, But the European Parliament th* ... 

..v'l ~ r t 

President who had 
greatness thrust 
on him wins trust 

From Sue Branford, Sio Paulo 

On .March 8 last year, Pazzianotto, foe Government 
Senhor Jori Sarney, who had has prevented strikes fro ” 1 
been elected Vice-President s e rio u sly upsetting production 
earlier In die year, confided to a at foe same time it has avoided 
friend:' “I know that I ■ shall nfftig the r e pres s ive anti-strike 
only have a secondary role in law, which has not been 
Brazil’s new democracy. But I repealed because of failure to 
am satisfied. The rice-prem- agree an an alternafive. 

opamsnand Portuguese MEPs, But the European Parliament thT ^ .. 

dttcribed by Parliament has been directly elected stnritamv 111 m ^ ^ Ieft ■* 

officials as senous, pragmatic, 1979, and Spain and Portugal oSSSSht ^ 

business-oriented and very pm- are expected to hold separata jSL,- < S5 pend . *?“ 

Europe , will reduce the im- elections for the Strasbourg S? ^ I ^ un 

Portonce of the British Labour assembly this year. ££ D ^f clphnc 

MEPs, most of whom are There is speculation that bren lax in the past, 

viruJcntJy anb-Comm unity. Seflor Fefipe Gonzalez, foe deputie * 004 

■ TX'WOJ number of MEPS Spuria PrEne ,rin bothens*» vote, 

rises from 434 to 518, with foe hold Spain’s Euro-election at Thc Ib ? ru, 5 .w»U cause 

SfU*l olict m Him * 1 S*l - <1 ■ . ■ nviiefriKllK AVI nf 1 rnnOtnw 

. The pariiament feces crucial in the minds of Spanish votera. *5® Greens to foe GauDists, 
issues this week, including foe Amnn» *h- n»ri m urp t to® Christian Democrats and 


" !fon ? s agrred at fessionals in adwmber somel „ ,T1 “ new complexion of the 
last months Luxembourg criticized for its low-cal- Strasbourg chamber still leaves 

summit. The Council of Minis- ibre membership. foe left some 20 votes short of 

fo re f en f* 1 «> *ke foe Apart from the Socialist an outright majority, so that it 
Parliament to the European group, foe right-wing groups at £? 40 0311 vass soupport 

from the -Independents and 
; encourage defections from the 
GauUists or Christian Demo- 

t Probfems may also arise over 
foe Spanish MEPs' demand 
that, as an important European 
nation, Spain should be allotted 
two vice-presidential seats in 
Parliament There are 12 vice- 
presidents at present 

deucy is for me a kind off 

little did he know that jnst a 
week later, he would be 
a c c ep t in g the presidential sash 
in place of the incapacitated 
President-elect, Senhor Tan- 
credo Neres, and that eventu- 
ally, after the latter’s he 

would take oyer the presidency. 
Far from retiring, he was 

The first tentative steps hare 
been with foe distri- 

bution of free milk and 
to alleviate wide- 
spread poverty and mabm- 

The most decisive action of 
nil has been in foe 

economic field. The Finance 
Minister, Senhor Dflsoo Fnna- 
ro. has established dear pn- 

begnraing the most demanding critics, the most important of 
task of his life. which is economic gro wth. 

The impact of this bfaaure With the support of most of the 
chain of -events is still sharply population, he has refined to 
fdt 10 months later. Unlike negotiate another austerity 
Senhor Neves, President Sar- programme with foe Infor- 
ms is ho world statesman and national Monetary Fond, 
it- b mUkdy that he would . ■■ ■ . — — 

fapre readied -the presidency CABKIBV>C 

through the normal route. wAHIsB ■ ® 

Over foe past few months he BRAZIL 

has met both President Mitter- pwti. 

rand of France ' and President ■ 

Alfomin of - Argentina. To Despite these advances, the 




Despite these advances, the 

Mrs Corazon Aquino and her running mate, Mr Salvador Laurel, campaigning in Cebu 
City, where they were greeted by 200,000 Filipinos 

listen to his speeches beside paee of change has disap- 
foefrs is to become aware, all pointed many people. In par- 
too. sharply, of foe qualities ticular, it was widely hoped 
rtmt President Sarney does not that the Government would 
possess. Unlike them, be b a move more rapidly to end the 
poor public speaker and docs horrific social inequalities, 
not p r o j ect foe i mage of a President Sarney admits that 
esafiient - statesman with - a reforms have not been as 
toherenfwirtd view. radical or as rapid as many 

Marcos stronghold cheers Aquino 

i standing some of- the more 
Danao City, Philippines (AP) member of the National As- mocked Mrs Aquino's political I complex aspects of government. 

However, he managed, would like, but claim* that his 
skflfhBy, to . turn Ms very is a transitional government. It 
ordinariness into a po li tical will be np to the Congress that 
advantage; The - evident diffi- wOD be elected in November to 
cutty he has heed in under- establish the guidelines for 
staining some of. foe more fundamental change, be says, 
complex aspects of government. This Congress will rule the 

peans,” one official said. “They island yesterday, foe daughter mg Cebu residents gave Mrs Ljmj[Lmiirit - ;r . ■ 

are young, liberal-minded and of President Marcos followed Aquino foe biggest 1 welcome so 1 government if they renounced 

dedicated, and will not tolerate her trail to try to keep the area ; fer for a 1 candidate in the violence, ' mid expressed conn- 

being patronized as backward on her father's side. February ? election. - deuce that he would be re- 
newcomers." -Mrs Imee Marcos Mahotoc, a ‘ In Manila President Marcos elected. 

Rome finds The spread of Middle East terror in Europe 

7? ies t J” Dutch alert widens to cover US targets 

RtUll *li9 The Hague (AP) — The Abu last night, and police converged and leave East B«rKn t foe other . them to be questioned as to 

From John Earle Nidal terrorist alert in .The within minutes to investigate being foe vehide-and-ped- where they have come from. It 

Rome Netherlands yesterday was foe flash of a photographers' estrian crossing, place, check- is difficult to prove that they 

expanded to include American camera. point Charlie. have not- been solely in W 

The Italian security services diplomatic and commercial Dutch authorities said pri- To get beyond the' East Berlin rather than in the East 

have unmaslced 70 secret agents °g«f. ”, “ Jewish aed vaiely that__ihe expanded alert German barrier at Friedrichs- “Arab terror oommandosc 

rope Order to get 

S targets °«* S P K ‘ S 

them to be questioned as to x\.UlCJri CuIliJ - 
where they have come from. It . : prftm Rnhert F««fc 

is difficult to prove that they - 

have not been. solely in West Alilllrf JSK in*™ 
Berlin rather than in the East Amencan residents of Libya 

laumimu^uteumuicuui. UM divided OVCT Whether OT Mt 

irt . trnst of most of the population, more egalitarian society and 

government tf they renounced He h M having produce a workable, democratic 

-violence, ' and expressed confi- the best of an impossibly constitution that wfll banish for 
dence that he would be re- difficult' job and, paradoxically, ever the scourge of foe military 
elected. he- is not blamed for die coup. 

' ' ' ' perceived sho rtcoming s of his In foe meantime. President 

--v Government. Safney's main political chal- 

t Irrfpr tn Opt Bnt what did he achieve in lenge wfll be to stem the 
V/iUVl Iv gvl 1985? Though it tends to be feelings of dissatisfaction, 
j • i • a overlooked in Brazil itself, his which must eventually da m a g e 

of forei^ countries in foe six ] f r&sAi institutions, foe Dutch made guarding potential Ameri- trasse, and on to the westbound , ^ XS iZTwS : 
months, between last May and Justice Ministry said, _ can targets, as weU as Island platform, foe average, traveller 

November, Signor Bettino alert u> Beth The Nether- Jewish ones, 
Craxi, foe Italian Prime Minis- la*”* 5 and Scandinavia began on possible” 
ter, disclosed in a report to Thursday and Friday, with • BONN: 
Parliament at the weekend. Interpol warnings of a possible Federal Pubiii 
, strike against Jewish or Israeli Kurt Rebmar 

Though the spies were from a targets by terrorist commands amenrinn to i 

t^ask^anf 1 platform, foe average, traveller repobliTvfetEast Berlin^ Herr fieId * 
practically un- must produce a non-Eastem sai<f in an interview . i Purnks^to ; tbe ^ldU of foe 

Govor nwent made real his own standing. He will be 
p rog re ss in ridding ft* country carrying out a radical reshuffle 
of .the authoritarian trappings of foe Cabinet next month, 
left by foe military regime. Aides say that the new 
Direct elections for President catchwords are efficiency and 
have been re-estaMisliedL The soda! communication. 
Communist parties have been Finally, after months of 
legalised- Illiterates have been respectfidy honouring foe 
gives the vote. • wishes of Senhor Tancredo 

Adduces lave .Iso been Neva. la_wUI be lewunjn faU 

wishes of Senhor Tancredo 
Neves, he will be assuming Coll 
responsibility for his Govern- 

Tomorrow: Priorities reversed 

luuai » uwu-A^icioi. Rebmanu said in an interview fodnri ' Some.- ' 1 ror.rfiiMF ra w ~ «... . 

with foe West Beriin magazine American vomn muriS^to LabOTr Mhrister, Senhor Alndr Tomorrow: Pnonbes reveraed 
cabling him to “tor Wdtbild. “The trouble spot is Libyans, have, said that they ~~~ J 

BaJESttS MOon ta waai Challenge to I Spain nears 

LAJU lUIVG UCvU AbbUCU t/Y LUG KmiH 79 *1 I 1 J , ^ , 

luuufiu uitjpiwwcrciroma isjgets oy terrorist commands attention m w hat has nrahaMv East German border force on admitted 

JjJ 1, Middle under the direction of foe Abu been the easiest route for Arab the way in. Therefore it is not It « also assumed here that “ .““L ’”**,••*“* 

V ie ^ ru ? e Mimster ra- Nidal faction believed to be in terrorists into West Europe possible for most East Berliners • Herr Rebmann's remarks mean £feat 

pressed particular anxiety at foe the region. (Frank Johnson writes) to make the trip. But many increased security checks on ^ home, even thoogh West 

high risk of Italy being No tenronst-related incidents 1 t, ; s ,h- Pri«fnrf.stn.«F. Arabs Kve in East Berlin, passengers getting out at West ™ M "“ 

£ 3P-P* No terrorist-related foddents FriSSchstrasm TrttoWiT iSV B& passengers SB? o^Fw« «■ ^ 

contaminated by the violence or arrests were reported in any railway station - the dirtv engaged in various activities Berlin stations from trains . . . 

imd terrorism sweeping that of foe nations concerned oyer dilapidated building which!* paid for by foe East German comimg from Friedricfastrasse. 

the weekend, and Scandinavian the firat, or last, raflway station Government, and their Middle But. there are many such J* “f 8 

Evidence of this had h~n m ^ Berlin. Traveller* from Bast passports enable them to prions and checks will be “““f f 

Evidnw of this had Wn — -T* V* ^ J Ti. . , ln 11351 nenin. iraveuers irom l««apuri» cuuutc mem 

se^ fofoddentelu^as^e original alert continued but had Berlin can catch unhin- come and go as they please. ■ 
^stSiaS hiiwkinz “ include dered the train which will take Once in West Berlin, they can 

NkwSXS of tte UnSVhiS posable Amencan targets. th em foe few hundred yards catch trains or aircraft to any 
Lainrfancf the imoSt aS! ^ «««• Wall to the first part of West Europe. Although 

1 Umted States Embassy m station in West Berlin. they have to produce a passport 

Rom* airport after Christmas. The Hague was blocked by Ii is oneUf foelwo main at West Berlin's aiipot£itEs 
The six-monthly security s^o-filled lorries at each end points from where visitors enter not been usual until now for 
report said that, while. domestic 

SB# Howe insists on Libyan Pope wants 

with j»trem ists abroad and with hand in airport attacks on states ai 

From Denis Taylor, Muscat From John 

A two-prong ^strategy for sir Geoffrey Howe, foe Jordon. When Mr Shimon The Pone has intimated foal 


decision - they have no 
embassy in Tripoli - and even 

Evreh by 
left and right 

From Rash Goordflek 
Ankara , 

The new year call by Presi- 

of Israel 

From Richard Wigs 

Seflor Francisco Fernandez 

dent Evren of Tuitejr fori Orddnez, Spain’s Foreign Min- 

From Denis Taylor, Muscat 


foe Jordon. When Mr Shimon 

j-.i;-. with Mirfrllp Fart n ■ ■ . ^ • “ v juiuuil tvucu wit . 

terrorism was outlined bv ? ntisl1 Fo '^ n S^retaiy, said Peres, the Israeli Prime minis- foe United Nations should act long, giving rise to feelings of the Ubyans would grant thou 

o iwnr f n,,: : n „ e® 1 ® yesterday that it was ter, visits London next week, against member countries that frustration, hatred and revenge. ■ entry 1 and, exit visas without 

3...1 i_ M „ fiy,™ PricivWt eeeetotoS clearer there was the British Government would connive at international terror- s tampin g their US passports - 

u„„- ahmii Wfl^hinotnn'c Libyan involvement in foe make, ah effort to help to revive ism. In a speech on Saturday to . - Without- -mentioning - foe thus making It fapossSMs for 

azainstiLihva terrorist attacks at Rome the peace process, he said. diplomats accredited - to the Palestinians, the Pope appealed 1 the American 'authorities to 

foe tfSKronfideiS and Vienna airports. . - - Holy See, he- said foe United for negotiations and dialogue to prove they bad remained hero, 

it was made known that Sienor He madc toe remark during The Foreign Secretary added Nations “should not tolerate overcome obstacles to the just Others have said they are 
Traxi firstly c m ohasized th e talks with Mr Vussef al-Alawx, that he was glad that King members that disrcgaded foe aspirations of peoples. . “In merely scapegoats in a crisis 

im non since of strict security the Gmani Foreign Minister. It Husain was now taking to principles enshrined In its particular is it not here that one which is not of their malting, 

measures, both interna My and 45 tinderetood that he did not President Assad of Syria. Charter by c omp romising them- finds the' knot of the injustice No American citizen is known 

internationally. 7 elaborate on this statement. ■ The Omani minister also selves with terrorism.- * which muSt be united to arrive to have said that be or she feels 

The Arab-Israeli problem, expressed support for foe “The Commandment “Thou ’at a just andfeir solution to foe threatened in Libya. 

In the wake of foe Achille including terrorism, and the Joidanian-Syrian rapprochraent shah not kflT is first of all a * h °~, question foe Middle An Amenca n oil com pany 
Laura hijacking, foe Ca ptain, gulf war, took up the bulk of which he hoped would help to fundamental and irremovable tasl - lecnmaan, who mmrned to lus 

s iunittdAral,n ' EotMng 

OTipt for a praposedfilnllLbout Secrets tour cfOmax, Saudi ^ abollt W ' 

foe event. But foe Genoa Arabia and Kuwait prospects for a settlement of foe He condemned absolutely Dolioe states towards their US oil cnnmniM amnn. 

Pope wants UN censure 
on states aiding killers 

From John Earle, Rome 

The Pope has intimated that which Had. awaited solution too 

coentry. The State Department 
pots the figure at 1,500; one ofl 
worker thought there might be 
as many as 3,000. 

But already the few 
Americans prepared to talk to 
reporters - -and then only 
anonymously have spoken with 
some cynicism of thdr futur e. 
A few families are wondering if 

announced agreement on tne ^cognition of Israel, still 
need for a “constitution of planned for the first half of this 
national reconciliation” to to- ycar . 

place foe one foe President is 
personally pledged to defend. 


The announcement followed , wllh . S I* U ? ^ 

a meeting between Mrs Rahsan gggM toraiscfoe ievdof the 
Ecevit, leader of foe recmitly- Pyestine Liberation Ojgams- 
founded Democratic Left Party atlons representation, as a 
supported by her husband compensatory gesture. 

KSteJ ^ent,afonner_Soda]Demo-l Ah extra worry for Spain oyer 

crat Prime Minister banned other EEC countries in reacting 
from politics until 1992, 'and Mr to US requests against Colonel 
Husamettin dndoruk, - chair- Gadaffi is that its recognition of 
man of the True Path Party Israel is still pending. This is 
loyal to the former conservative apart from its trading interests - 
Prime Minister Mr Suleyman Spain was among Libya's 
Demirei, who was similarly leading trade partners with 
banned from active politics imports, chiefly petrol, totalling 
after foe 1 980 army coup. . more than £770 million in 1984. 

after foe 1980 army coup. . 

They discussed proposals 
advanced earlier in the week by 

more than £770 milli on in 1984. 
Aware that Madrid's Barajas 

mc ■ a .r™. prospects for a settlement of the He condemned absolutely police states towards their US oil companies were arrana- 

magistrate conducting me ju- Sir Geoffrey said that terror- Gulf war was made dear during those who did not hesitate -to inhabitants, foe socio-economic mg already for their European 
dicial inquiry as netted tne ism di m i n ished the credibihtv this and a later meefine Sir till innocent neonle and take exnlottation of one cduntrv bv ^nWifnaris* « n mi .i 

as strong as it is now. 

Reagan spells out conditions for ending sanctions 

From Michael Binyon 

As Mr John Whitehead, foe 
Deputy Secretary of State, 
begins his visit to Europe to 
persuade allied leaders to back 
the US over sanctions on Libya, 

President Re agan has said that. 

Colonel Gadaffi would have to 
show that he had ended all 
support for terrorism before 
these were lifted. 

In an interview with The 
Times, and four other West 
European correspondents on 
Friday, Mr Reagan said: “He- 
would have to reveal actions 
that he has severed those 

connections and is no longer president Reagan outlining his conditions to (from centre left) Michael Binyon of The “J 4 

Tima ' Henri MerTe Lm Wkrland of FraxlfrrurAUg'nJn' Znmnf. 

- k- • •/ .- 

> . v - v; • j , r • ' - . .. -:i , t -f 

' v '* 

4 • . . 

' • . . r t. ‘ 


... - 

, .i* 

, . ~ 


... >v 

; ; 


Recreation at foe Overseas Oil 
i nnc Company School In Tripoli, 

• ‘ thought most'US citizens ironld 

leave. “We don't want to do 
split over the issue. “It certainly anything to break the law”, be 
would not make us turn on said. 

them, and, I don't believe there Be that as It may, another 
has ever been a time when the American <««*«■ the school 
outright -friendship between - a woman who has been here 
governments or allies lus been five years -and asked not to be 

identified . said . 

Concentrating entirely on the 110 Intention of obeying Mr 

Libyan crisis as he spoke to the 
five correspondents in foe Oval 

’s order. 

safer here than in New 

Office, he said Soviet involve- York”, she -said. “What is 
ment with Libya was “very wrong with having a job (as a 
dose”. teach er) and carrying on a 

.A 1 !® isMtf SKESSa 

^sss^sst 3KSHSH 

foe True Path Party for foe *?«£? 

drafting of a “democratic rerronst target together 

with Rome and Vienna last 
month, Spain is deeply worried 
foKS^^teSSk for a a ^l toe possibUity oftorrorist 
“cteSSratfe pariianSl”. « recognizes . 

Both leaders called on other lsracl - 
parties, represented in Parlia- Seflor Narcis Serra, the 
ment to support the initiative: Defence Minister, now visiting 
They have so fer been unenfou- Egypt, is believed to be studying 
siastic about the proposal, with Cairo possible Arab reac- 
prefemng a revision by Parlia- tions to recognition and the 
ment, an unlikely prospect security implications. 

. Spanish Pj* 11 * recognition 

■ SSS -* S 

Mrs Ecevit hailed die True 

Path initiative, saying the The Foreign Minsteris talk 
nation owed its “misfortunes” ^to the Arab envoys came after 
to the rift between left and right, foe Arab League decided to 
She favoured the drafting of a send a detection to Madrid for 
new constitution by a multi- °?e Inst effort to stop recog- 
party commission, which could nxtion. 

be submitted to popular vote Seflor Felipe Gonzlez, the 
following general elections. Prime Minister, had hoped 

Mr Cmdoruk said national advances in Middle East peace 
reconciliation could only be plans would provide a favour- 
accomplished “on a base of able moment. Another oppor- 
democracy”. He described tunity for recognition as Spain 
Turkey as “a military republic joined the EEC has now also 
at present”. slipped by. 

Pretoria faint of change 

From Bay Kennedy, Johannesburg 

whether he had to be satisfied action might be necessary” by obviously resorted to terrorism trade, everyday relationships, ^ Reagan recognized In t _ . a. fan nfrinu-nr irfiiiiwiil-r” 
there was no finan c i al link and ordering them to leave. But he “literally against the world”. ahead in value of the immor- to® current Soviet attacks on American woman teachei 

about terrorists, but oar conn- Positive signals indicating would put proposals designed as 
try is fafi of violent criminals.” that the South African Govern- a “first step back to normality” 
An American woman teacher ment wfll continue its apartheid for crisis-hit South Africa, 
at the " same who is reform plans can be expected in 

married to a Libyan, said she toe not too distant future Dr Pretoria owes its creditors 
felt no threat to herself in the f 01 ? Lemwiler, the Swiss $23.7 billion (£16 billion) for 
country. “A few people will banker who is acting as short-term loans, but last 

— — «wHfcallv roMr T iiw, i« «... coraury. a jew peopig will auuri-icrm loans, out last 

. ^ k * ve ’'- she said. “They feel mediato r in Pretoria's efforts to August after foe roUapse of foe 

phasriEg. ^stdaysj but would be bringing ^ ^ nobody wants to reschedule part of its inter- rand it froze repayment of the 

Ot make Rup. • ... ; . r nalinnn Mn ;»i I * 

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citizens were there and potential foe Europeans would _re«^mze involved, foat JS what I ^am prevfously over the Siberian gas Le MemSe. La Stampa, Frank- their friends? Some of than South Africa, said he would be 31and proposed a further fbur- 
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hurting us Americans.* 







For years June and Jennifer Gibbons 
remained locked away in a world of 
their own, refusing to speak to anyone 
andkeepingtheix thonghts to themselves. 
Maijorie Wallace (above) explains how she set 
about solving the mystery of their strange behaviour 

white blizzard was streaking 
across the Berkshire country- 
side last week. Snow had 
— aed the outline of the 
ugh walls which terrace the 
surrounding Broadmoor, Bri tain’ s 
most notorious secure hospital. 
Q io gi n g on to my hat, I was escorted 
between locked gates, across deserted 

and, when the boys left them, spent a. 
few desperate weeks vandalizing the 
town and setting fire to public 
buildings: crimes tor which they were 
awaiting trial 

A few weeks larer I went with their 
father to meet the girls In Puckle- • 
church Remand Centre, near Bristol 
The visit was an extraordinary 

Jennifer and Jane Gibbons as children (top) and in Broadmoor 

taercise yards to York house, one of experience. The two girls sat opposite 


the crumbling brick villas. 

This was not my first visit to 
loor. For the past three and a 
years 1 have been here every few 
months to visit June and Jennifer 
Gibbons, identical twins who, at the 
age of 19, were sentenced to an 
indefinite period of treatment follow- 
ing a five- week spree of vandalism 
and arson. 

_ June arrived first Then J ennifer 
sidled round the door negotiating a 
tray with coffee and biscuits. The girls 
looked better than I have seen them. 
Their hair 1 was in coxcombes . with 
pink ribbons. They wore bright 
lipstick and heavy eye shadow. They 
chatted with fluency and animation 
about the forthcoming film and book 
on their lives which I have written. 

In 19$2, when I first heard about 
June and Jennifer, then 18 and living 
I in Haverfordwest on the south-west 
tip of Wales, I found it hard to believe 
they had spent their lives in self- 
imposed silence. I set off to 
investigate, and there met Tim 
Thomas, an educational psychologist 
who had treated them. 

In his soft Welsh brogue, he told 
me one of the strangest stories I have 
ever heard. How the silent twins went 
through school without uttering a 
word. How they wrote letters to their 
parents, even though they lived in the 
same house, rather than speak to 
them. How after leaving school they 
had taught themselves to write and 
June had used their unemployment 
benefit to have a novel printed by a 
vanity publisher. But then things 
began to go wrong. They met and 
J'yrc seduced by some American boys 

us, their eyes fixed on the floor; two 
officers at the next table kept their 
eyes on us. 

Communication was difficult the 
girls made no response to my 
questions. Embarrassed by the 
silence. I launched into a monologue 
on literature and their attempts to 
write. Then, I saw a brightening in 
their feces, an eagerness, an intelli- 


oon they were answering in 
whispered monosyllables. Be- 
| cause I could not malm out all 
their words, they scribbled their 
answers on a pad. I asked my next 
question. “Could you repeat that, 
please. I can't understand you**, foe 
planchette replied. I looked up and 
saw Jennifer's mischievous smile. I 
had my first breakthrough. 

A month later, I attended the twins* 
trial in Swansea. They pleaded guilty. 
Medical reports classed them - as 
“suffering from a psychopathic 
disorder” and they were sentenced to 
Broadmoor Hospital for an indefinite 
period. As I sat and watched the girls, 
still standing in the dock, more like 
lost children than psychopaths, I 
realized that nothing Jhai harf been 
said in that court touched the truth I 
then knew about their sad, isolated 
lives. I determined to discover what 
really lay behind their mask of silence. 

It was not an easy task. I went back 
to their home town and tried to talk to 
the teachers, social workers, psy- 
chiatrists, police and neighbours. But 
Haverfordwest is a small town in 
which the girls had been regarded 
with fear and suspicion. People who 


JiUian and Juliette Toney, who play the young sisters in the BBC2film 

had seen the odd couple walking one 
behind the other down the street, 
moving in synchrony and, never 
responding, even believed they were 
possessed with the evil eye. 

The team at the special school 
where they had spent their last school 
years at first refused to reveal 
anything. A video which recorded the 
twins^ behaviour through a one-way 
screen disappeared, tapes on which 
they had made occasional replies to 
questions left for them were mysteri- 
ously wiped. Tun Thomas was given 1 
formal warnings by the local edu- 
cation authority and he and his family 
found themselves cold-shouldered. 
Bitterness, mutual betrayal and 
rivalries broke out in response to an 
article I wrote in The Sunday Times. 

When I mentioned the twins, 
people in shops or on the estate where 
they had lived shook their heads and 
turned away. The policeman who h»d 
arrested them shut the door in my 
face. The lawyers gave nothing away. 
Behind the scenes the gossip bubbled 
and everywhere my presence was 
known. The town seemed to dose on 

itself to prevent the outside world 
knowing anything further about its 
private disgrace. 

But there were two chinks in the 
black-out: Tim Thomas con tinned to 
provide what information he could to 
make sure the girls were not 
their parents Aubrey and Gloria 
Gibbons agreed to talk. It was in then- 
home on the RAF estate (Aubrey then 
worked as an assistant air traffic 
controller) that I made my most 
important discovery. They took me to 
see the twins* room. 


t was littered with pieces of paper, 
typescripts of novels, handwritten 
diaries and stacks of books which 
the girls had ordered through the 
post - everything fr o m Jane Austen, 
D. H. Lawrence, encyclopaedias, 
dictionaries to a course in writing and 
“The Art of Conversation” - all 
bought with their unemployment 
benefit Much of the material was 
jumbled in Mack plastic dustbin liners 
which the police had returned. Aubrey 
and Gloria, desperate to feel that 
something might e m er g e which 
helped them understand their strange 
daughters, allowed me to take all then- 
manuscripts back to London. 

The next few weeks were ones of 
intense excitement as I sorted out the 
material and discovered the immense' 
energy and industry the twins had 
spent in their self-im pro vement 
exercise to transform themselves from . 
mute and backward oddities to 
accomplished writers. I pieced . 
together their stories and novels 
which revealed fluent dialogue and an 
extraordinary wealth. of imagery. How 

. had girls who never used language 

Revelations: some of the thousands of barely decipherable words in the sisters' diaries (shown actual size), written it with such confidence? 

Their past and present lives are described with an extravagant zest and faithfulness I longed to communicate with them 

bur just as I was — _ ^ 

closer, I received a call from their 
psychiatrist He bad read my article 
on th*»ir writings, and invited m2 to 
. visit and encourage their efforts — an 
unprecedented gesture of concern- _ 

• .1 was shocked alien Z saw Jennifer 
and taii-r June in the visitors room at 
Broadmoor nearly a month after their 
triaL They were being kept apart June 
to be lifted in, propped .like a 
coffin against the shoulders of . the 
nurses. She sat rigid, h er eye s 
downcast J ennifer was also depressed 
but sire tried to tnlir- “Please tell them 
to let us be together again”, die said. I 
what she. had been writing and 
she handed .me two pink exercise 
bools, the diaries she had kept during 
her six .months an remand. 

On the train home I looked with 
disb el i ef at tire' pages of the exercise 
books sewn with thousands of tiny 
words, so. minute they were barely 
- decipherable. They bad. the detail and 
density- of medieval manuscripts and 
as I worked on .them '* 
nights, I found m 

the minutiae of 

thoughts, dreams and reflections. 

O ver my next visits,' both June 
and Jennifer handed me more 
diaries.'- Both twins had 
written between - two and 
three thousand words a day describing 
-their past and present lives with an 
extravagant zest and faithfulness. 
They mix ed wry observations of other 
inmate* and staff with Proust-like 
nostalgia for their childhood, recollec- 
tions of their -brief and traumatic 
romances, and the de sp erat e war of 
identity which raged between them. 

“I say to myself hcrw can I get rid of 
my own shadow? Impossible or not 
impossible? Without my shadow 
would I die? Without my shadow 
would I gain life... tire shadow 
.which 1 identify with the fece of 
' misery, deception, murder**, June 

They were litre cameras sometimes 
focussed on the outside world- some- 
times fixed on each other recording 
the Mffw scenes from identical but 
opposing viewpoints. I knew that 
every visit I made would be 
accurately reported. It was an 
unnerving experience. 

“Marjorie is very frank, direct; she 
is not self-conscious; animated; her 
eyes are like round marbles . . . She is 
puzzled at why we don't talk. I said 
we tried to speak to our parents but it 
was more comfortable just nodding 
our heads; words seemed too much. If 
-we were suddenly to talk. . . it would 
be too much of a surprise.” 

It was. indeed a surprise to find 
myself chatting to two eloquent girls 
last week. “Are you writing?” I asked. 
“No, only diaries”, they both replied. 
“We’ve no time:” The doctor explains 
they lead a busy life, .muting with the 
male patients at discos, bingo and 
socials. On the ward they are still 
uncommunicative. “Why don't yon 
talk lfW jbis all the time ?” tile DUTSe 

asked. They smiled. “We da To some 

The authorities at Broadmoor are 
cautious about tire twins’ apparent 
progr e ss . Last month they successfully 
opposed an application for their 
release at a mental health tribunal; the 
girls are thus certain to spend at least 
another year in custody. “They seem 
to enjoy playing the system”, said a 
member of staff. “They seem to have 
decided to adopt a new strategy with 
us, but they are still totally immature 
and make inappropriate responses.” 

For three yean I have searched fin- 
dues to the twins’ strange behaviour. 

.1 have now talked to almost everyone 
who knew them and read over a 
million words of their diaries. But I 
have still failed to solve the final 
mystery. What first made them 
choose silence as their weapon against 
the world? 

The Silent Twins by Marjorie Wallace 
will be published on February 6 by 
Chatto & Windus (£10.95). The film 
" The Silehi Twins " w ill bp screened 
on BBC2 next Sunday at 10.10pm. 

Citen Ni -wteM, mss 

Lives coloured 

"He Una b m one-way ticket 
from jfoasdf to nowhere”, b 
tire- truest tine ever w ritten to 
those of ire plagued by what a 
.fictional herotoe of -Truman 
H called tire Mean Beds. 
Mean Reds first came 
sad got are when I was 21 - 
zosJmed to a charming, man, 
firing. hi a pretty home and 
mother of a fire-month-old 
baby, who behaved as if he'd 
been personally grided by Dr 
Spock. In spite of these 
manifold Messina, I walked 
Into fire final cupboard, lay my 
head on * pile of folded nappies 
and tried my heart oat for no 
reason that I« anybody else 
could work eat. 

That’s fire finable with the 
Mean Reds, or tire Maes, or, as 
the medical profession colour* 
Jessty calb it, depreasioa. It 
caa descend on yon like a 
blanket of. fog nght oat of 
nowhere and there’s nothing 
yon can-do aboat it except go 
along for the ride until the 
dears and yon suddenly 
that you have a retain ticket 
back to your normal self. 

_ I once fifed to comfort^ a 
feUow-sufierer, a w riter and 
actress whoae-performances in 
Mint and on stage have a heart- 
rulnerabflfty. “Maybe”, 
I said as she by quivering 
beneath the duvet, "being a 
depressive b the price yon pay 
fbr yonr talent. Wouldn’t yon 
rather be tire person yon are 
than move around in a constant 
flow of placid serenity but 
without any special gifts?” . 

She said that a daily dose of 
phdd serenity sounded fine to 
her, even if it meant she never 
took another curtain-call for 
the rest of her life. 

I should have known better 
rt— n to ask her to think 
positively. The last filing that 
you are able to da when 
overwhelmed by depression b 
to ponder that there b always 
someone worse off than yon. At 
sack times, the worid seems foil 
of teeming hordes whose lives 
are fliiri with smsldne. Modi 
better to gnash your teeth on 
imagined grievances, yonr own 
and other people's. 





Witty books shake 
the blues away 

once helped a favourite 
sister-in-law rise from her bed 
mental anguish by giving her 
Nora Ephnm's novel Heart- 
burn. Reading about a man who 
bought hb mistress a necklace 
while hre wife was giving birth 
made bo- fed muck better. 

Witty books without a trace 
of earnestness are the best 
companions to take along on a 
trip with tire Mean Reds. Lady 
Dbna Cooper’s autobiogra- 
phies, Evelyn Waugh’s A 
Handful of Dust and just about 
anything by Anthony POwefl 
have shakes fire blues away 
oughoat my adult life, just 
by demonstrating that it's 
possible to stand outside 
yourself instead of getting 
involved in dense battles with 
your psyche. ; 

What one learns, in time, is 
that one b always in remission. 
Jest as a reformed alcoholic 
must always walk quickly past 
a pub before* the smell of gin 
and tonic tickles hb nostrils, so 
must a depr e ssive avoid people 
and places feat are likely to 
make the fog come down. And 
she, or he, must do this even on 
days when fire heart leaps with 

Everyone has to work out 
their own list of tristesse- 
triggers. Mine includes people 
who wear cooking-timers on 
cords around their neck and 
rash off to baste the meat In a 
Pavlovian reaction to its “ting- 
ting”; Hove; black-tie dinner 
parties and plays by Peter 

The problem b that a 
predictable onslaught of sick- 
ness of fire soul is not regarded 
as a good reason for not doing 
something. This is unfair. 
People who catch cold easily 
are allowed to avoid cold 
country weekends, for few that 
their noses wfll stream for 
weeks aft er wards. People who 
catch the blues at the drop of a 
hat find it hard to decline 
unwelcome invitations on the 
grounds that Sunday lunch at 
the ariling dab with women in 
perms and gored woollen skirts 
wfll bring on a lengthy attack of 
tire Mean Reds. 

As my actress/writer friend 
plaintively put it “If I needed a 
hysterectomy. I could tell 
everyone. Because I need anti- 
depressants, I can't” 

like everyone rise who has 
howled in the linen cupboard 
without fee excuse of genuine 
grief, I wish that some good 
Fairy had come to my christen- 
ing and given me the gift of 
bags of equanimity. But since 
she didn't, I mat accept tire 
Mean Reds as my lot. But only 
part of my lot. 

For to be depressed oc- 
casionally doesn't mean that 
one is permanently glum and, 
during the generous reprieves 
from fee one-way-tiefcet-to- 
nowhere times I think I achieve 
more blbsfnl states than fee 
permanently composed can 


In health matters, as in so 
much else. I always seem to be 
out qf step. When everyone else 
was munching Valium, J was 
drinking disgusting herbal teas 
and breathing deeply. When 
everyone else had epidurals. I 
war grunting my way through 
natural chilabirtks. 

Now everyone else, including 
the Prince of Wales, has taken 
a shine to low-tech methods 
healing and I’m going right 
iL It’s not so much the carrot 
juice, it’s the language that is 
getting me down. 

1 have just come across an 
advertisement proclaiming the 
merits qf something called 




3M’s Whisper Telex 

breaks the 

communication barrier . . . 


At just £1,295 for a complete telex, the 3 M Whisper Telex 
isn’t exactly expensive, ft’s also virtually silent, compact 
and sits neatly on any desk. To get the facts about 
a telex at an almost unbelievable price, please phone 

(01) 936 9299 (24 hours) 

lucie, 3M Untted Kfrwdewi PLG. i-flEfcPOST, “ 
I, Bartertre RG »2 10R. TeJepnone. {0344; 38865 

3M House, to Box No. 1. 




Adgras* . . ■■ - ; 

r IKWD.. 

M ; - — ■ 

Keeping the family act together 

■Y< ,Sr %• , 

. : ; * •< ». ,v* • •» I 

Actress Irina Brook 

has the theatre in 

•4 . - _ .'J V _ 


her blood and is set to 

be the flavour of 1986 

Few people's childhood memor- 
ies are as unusual as those of 
Irina Brook. At tire age of nine 
she sat in an abandoned Persian 
palace watching actors swoop- 
ing around and making bird 
noises under the direction of 
her father, Peter Brook. A year 
or so later, she was with the 
troupe in .Africa as they spread 
their carpet in dusty Saharan 

“I look it for granted that that 
was the way theatre was”, she 
said. “Now that I am acting, it 
has suddenly struck me how 
wonderful it actually was and all 
those years I had never noticed. 
I saw the company'playxng the 
Mahabharata at the Avignon 
Festival last summer and I 
thought, 'My God, this really is 
unique’. I could see why so 
many actors wanted to work 
with my father and I suddenly 
wanted to be in the company. 1 
was really jealous.” 

Irina seems set to be the 
flavour of 1986, as two of her 
films open here in the spring. 
The Girl in the Picture, co-star- 
ring John Gordon Sinclair of 
Gregory’s Girl feme opens in 
London in March, around the 
same tune as a psychological 
thriller. Heroine, in which she 
appears with Oliver Reed. 

It was natural that Irina 
would become an actress. Her 
mother, Natasha Parry, was a 
well-known young film star in 
the Fifties and continued to act 
in the theatre after marrying 
Peter Brook. Brook, of course is 
a legendary figure - a director 
positively worshipped by his 
actors, a man who has revolu- 
tionized classics. No one who 
saw his A Midsummer Night's 
Dream ft the Aldwych in 1971 
could ever forget the experience. 

Born performer; Irina Brook at work on set 

Irina, at 22, bears a strong 
resemblance to her half-Greek 
half-Russian mother, with her 
dark expressive eyes and beauti- 
fully sculpted face. She has been 
acting for four years. 

“when I went to New York 
and got involved in ofT-Broad- 
way that was really my time of 
training. In my fust play, Irish 
Coffee. I played a vicious young 
punk. I had actually been cast as 
a sweet young girl ' but the 
actress playing the punk backed 
out at the last minute and they 
gave the part to me. 

“1 was not at ill right for it at 
first, but they- kept telling 
me; ‘You must be more nasty/ 
and eventually 1 was.” 

She enjoyed living there and 
mighi have stayed indefinitely, 
-but Brook pere came by one 
day, watched her act, and 
offered her the part of Anya in 
the production of The Cherry 
Orchard he was planning in 
Paris. Natasha Parry was to play . 
Madame Kanevskaya, Anya's 

“With my father I was able to 
detach myself! We always spoke 
in English at home, but he 

directed the production in 
French* and he seemed a totally 
different person. As a director 
be has great authority and 
strength and is also absolutely 
stilL The actors are left free, to 

discover, yet at the same time 
they are completely directed. I 
don't know how be does it, but 
he has found a way - and he 
does it with humour.” 

Ever since she can remember, 
Irina has wanted to work in 
films. She enrolled on the books 
of a leading London agent and 
four films soon followed, of 
which -Heroine and The Girl in 
the Picture are the latest. 

Heroine is a curious film. It is 
scripted and directed by Paul 
Mayersberg, best known for his 
screenplays for The Man Who 
Fell to Earth and Eureka. Irina 
plays a spoilt little rich girt very 
much under the thumb of her 
tycoon father, played by Oliver 
Reed. She is kidnapped by a 
gang of young people who 
decide to indoctrinate her to a 
less selfish way of life. Despite 
the parallels, Mayersberg; denies 
that the film bears any resem- 
blance to the Patty Hearst 

“Mayersberg, as director, is 
precise on the physical details of 
each scene, - but the main 
emotions are down to the actor. 
You cannot really get it from 
anyone else in the end. I used to 
think that directors took' you in 
hand and told you exactly how 
to do things, and when I first 
started filming I panicked when 
nobody told me what to do. 
Over the last two years I have 
learnt that you have to be able 
to direct yourself” 

Would she like to return to 
being directed by her father? *tl 
admire him completely and 
would love to be involved in 
that kind of work, but it very 
much depends on a part being 
right* for me, rather , than for 
anyone else, X don't think I am 
really ready for that work. All 
the actors in bis company are in 
incredible physical and: vocal 
frame, and they are aH .very 
brave. But T am getting braver 
by the minute.” . 

Clare Colvin 


emm Mm. W ■ t wig, ate 

To coincide widi die 1986 
Chess Collectors International 
Congress to be held in London, 

15-19 May, Christie’s will be 
including fine chess sets in a 
sale on 21 May. 

Closing date for entries will 
be the peginnmgof March 

Owners of fine chess sets 
wishing to indude their property 
should contact Mary Feilden 
before this date. 

8 King Street, St. James’s, London swiygqt. 
Tel: 01-839 9060 Telex: 916429 

S ■*■*•*" 



A bridge 
too many 

Film producer David Puttnam. 
newjy-appointed president of the 
Council for the Protection of Rural 
England, seems particularly con- 
cerned to preserve one small corner 
of rural Wiltshire. He has, it is 
alleged, rerouted without permission 
a footpath that passes right by 
his converted watermill m the 
village of little Somerford A fence 
and gates have been erected, and 
signs suggesting the public use 
another path and bridge that he has 
constructed “ at enormous expense” 
on the other side of his home. 
Chippenham Ramblers' Association 
has now drawn this to the attention 
of North Wilts District Council. The 
council, a spokesman tells me, will 
be writing to the great environmen- 
talist suggesting he submit a formal 
application without delay. Putinam 
is pained at the allegation!. The route 
of the original footpath, he says, has 
never been established. 


Can it really be - a charity gala to be 
attended by the Prince and Princess 
of Wales with seats unsold? Glum 
organizers of the Verdi Requiem at 
the Royal Albert Hall on Thursday 
in aid of Mexican earthquake 
victims admit that sales of the 
pricier tickets have been hit by the 
pull-out of Plarido Domingo, in 
hospital with a double hernia. They 
have not been much cheered either 
by the unfortunate wording of 
advertisements in the weekend press 
apparently expressing regret at his 
replacement as conductor by Sir 
Charles Mackerras. 

© The only award plaque to be 
proudly displayed in the foyer of the 
BBC's Lime Grove current affairs 
studios? A Royal Television Society 
gong for Rough Justice, whose future 
is in the balance following the 
suspension of its producer and a 
reporter criticized by the Lord Chief 
Justice for patting pressure on an 

Free flowing 

Labour MP David W innidr, who 
recently asked the Speaker about 
MPS' financial interests in Channel 
T unnel consortia, holds his integrity 
dear, he has just returned a pen 
given by Gallup Polls as an 
inducement to complete a question- 
naire. Others are less fussy. Gallup 
MD Gordon Heald tells me one 
former prime minister’s secretary 
has phoned asking for more of the 
Parker ballpoints and a Tory MP is 
asking for £500 before he takes his 
new pen to the question form. 


‘Luckily I’ve jnst been sacked' 



Why Matron is sorely missed 

by Trevor Clay 

A defibrillator is a device which 

delivers a short sharp shock to a 

failing heart in order to restore its 

normal beat Its potential for success _ - __ - , 

depends on the presence of trained 

staff to operate it and perform other SffaKf izL 

resusritativc fimctionTwifoin sec- 

ends - at most, 180 of them. It Jg# AjSS 

would seem a perverse economy to 

Civil Service union leader Alistair 
Graham has accepted an invitation 
to a return bout with Geordie 
militants. Graham's attack last 
autumn on Militant tendency in the 
union's north-east branches did not 
enamour him to local union 
officials. They have now asked him 
to a meeting of members in 
Newcastle on January 20. “A lot of 
cur people are bitterly upset about 
the allegations he has been making 
and will doubtless speak their 
minds”, warns Doreen Purvis, a full- 
time union official and Militant 

expett two hospitals a mile and a 
half apart to share a single machine. 
But this is exactly what was recently 
proposed by a National Health 
Service district general manager in 
the north-west of England. 

Because hearts and indeed other 
body organs are not selective when 
they fail, nurses, like doctors, 
provide a 24-hour service. Yet a 
number of NHS unit general 
managers with their eyes on the 
overtime rates paid to nurses for 
work at night and weekends have 
proposed, and in places insisted on, 
reductions in nursing cover during 
those periods to levels which, the 
. Royal College of Nursing believes, 
actually put patients at risk - and 
not only those who are acutely ill. 

Nearly two years ago the govern- 
ment endorsed the report of an 
inquiry into NHS management led 
by Roy Griffiths, managing director 
of Sainsbury's. Its most potent 
observation was that the NHS 
needed at each level a single figure 
on whose desk the buck would 

Consider this set of circumstances. 
A dispute breaks out between two 
unions over membership _ and 
representation in the national 
newspaper industry. The TUC 
intervenes on behalf of one of the 
unions and, under threat of expul- 
sion from Congress, the other backs 
down having bom judged "guilty” of 
poaching members. 

The protagonists in the battle are 
the electricians' union and the 
general printing union Sogat '82, two 
unions in a row that threatens to 
convulse the TUG But this is not 
the row that has led to the crisis. It is 
one that look place more than two 
years ago, with the Electrical 
Electronic Telecommunication and 
Plumbing Union playing the "good 
guys” and Sogat standing in the 
union dock - roles that have now 
been reversed. 

The legacy of that dispute over 
Sogafs initial refusal to hand back 
600 Fleet Street electricians who had 
decided to leave the EETPU is 
evident today as newspaper pro- 
prietors. notably Rupert Murdoch 
and Eddy Sh«h, try to make 1986 
the year that the print unions' iron 
grip on their operations is finally 
prised open. 

The electricians have become 
increasingly isolated in the labour 
movement. Even political and 
industrial allies of Eric Hammond, 
the union's general secretary, are 
becoming critical and the question 
being asked in recent months is: 
"Are they trying to get themselves 
kicked out oftheTUCT 

Hammond is unequiv ocal in his 
reply that he wants the EETPU to 
stay within the TUC and will do all 
he can for it to remain there - but 
not at any price Although the union 
has been criticized for establishing 
links with the breakaway Union of 
Democratic Mineworkexs, the issue 
that promises to stretch strained 
relations with the TUC to breaking 
point is Murdoch's new £70 million 
printing plant at Wapping in east 

Murdoch is now forcing the pace 
for the unions to get the plant 
working. The announcement yester- 
day that part of next week’s Sunday 
Times will be primed at Wapping, 
with no onion agreement yet signed, 
caught union leaders on the hop - 
and was seen by them as the 
throwing down of a gauntlet, a 
challenge they will have to meet. 

The EETPU executive, which 
meets at its Kent headquarters 
tomorrow, has already indicated 
that it has no objection in principle 
to the kind of agreement Murdoch is 
seeking - a legally binding, no-strike 
contract. The union will be deciding 
whether it should reopen nego- 
tiations with Murdoch's News 

The other print unions are 
opposed to the conditions sought by 

Loony plans are not restricted to the 
GLC; to make Ross-on-Wye more 
picturesque, the surveyors depart- 
rarnt of the Hereford and Worcester 
County Council wants to remove 
signposts in the town. Alarmed 
locals have protested that visitors 
will get totally lost Not so, say 
the council's bright sparks: both the 
by-pass and the relief road are close 
by and would keep their signs. 

It won’t wash 

Dutch trawler skipper Robert 
Arensman must have thought he 
had an unanswerable defence when 
he appeared in a North Shields court 
last week chained with using 
undersized mesh nets in British 
waters: “My nets shrank." Unim- 
pressed, magistrates fined him 

Devastating news for the Cuban 
economy - Fidel Castro has stopped 
smoking cigars and drinking come 
on health grounds^ AD was revealed 
during an interview with 58-year-old 
Castro on Brazilian TV the other 
day when the presenter noted with 
surprise that he had not lit up his 
customary cigar. Tve given up,” 
Castro said, “as an example to the 
[Cuban people" - and he has 
renounced coffee because it was 
unhealthy too. -r%rrty 

finally stop. So 'that, to adapt a 
phrase from the report, "if Florence 
Nightingale were carrying her lamp 
through the corridors of the NHS 
today”, she would very quickly light 
upon the people in charge. - 

The College was not convinced 
that the fundamental shake-up in 
NHS management structure pro- 
posed by Griffiths was necessary. 
Until 19S4 the NHS bad operand 
under consensus management 
through teams of functional man- 
ager-equals - an administrator, a 
treasurer, a doctor and a nurse. 

The College valued the capacity of 
this arrangement to accommodate 
and balance the sometimes conflict- 
ing interests of different disciplines, 
even if it acknowledged that this was 
not always the fastest way to make a 
decision. Once it was dear, however, 
that the government was determined 
to implement Griffiths whatever the 
criticisms raised, the College 
accepted it and indeed urged its 

nursing p ro fess ion back 50 yean. 
The “nursing adviser at a senior 
management level whose main 
responsibility would be the pKH 
vision and quality of nursing advice 
to the health authority” - the post 
promised by the Secretary of State 
for Social Services, Norman Fowler,- 
in November 1984 - has foiled to 

What we now have instead is a 
cadre of general managers at 
regional and district kvd who have 
stripped away virtually all responsi- 
bility for the management of patient 
care from the very people who 
deliver it. Few senior nurses have 
had their employment terminated 
but many have “lost" their jobs as 
they had known and developed 

The nurse manager is now largely 
powerless to insist on levels of 
staffing, particularly of qualified 
staff which she or he alone' is 
professionally qualified to pro- 

250,000 members, in the interests of noonce as safe; powerless to insist 
patient care, to approach the that patients who do not “belong” in 

changes positively. 

The College's reluctant readiness 
to make the best of G riffiths , 
however, has rebounded on it. 
Griffiths, it is now dear, has put the 

Battle within a battle: David Felton on 
the inter-onion conflict as Rupert Murdoch 
throws down a gauntlet to the printers 

Wapping: will the 
turn up the heat? 

Hammond: anxious to stay, 
but not at any price 

News International negotiators and 
will certainly press for decisive TUC 
action against the electricians, 
including suspension or expulsion, if 
the deal exdudes others of die 5,500- 
strong News International work- 
force. But there is some doubt in 
union circles whether die EETPU is 
really looking for union “martyr- 
dom”. Hamm ond has hinted that if 
it was a choice of a deal with 
Murdoch or staying inside the TUC 
he would recommend the latter 
course to his executive. 

That in itself may not be 
sufficient. There is talk of growing 
tension among the leadership of the 
electricians' union, a n d Hamm ond 
him self jokes that compared with his 
executive he is a pacifist towards the 
TUG Some observers believe that 
there may be many a true word in 
the jest. In particular there are 
thought to be some on the executive 
who would like see an end to links 
with a “collaborationist” Congress 
House bureaucracy, which stands 

Willis: a warning not 
to go it alone 

accused of giving succour to the 
electricians’ enemies. 

Norman Willis, the TUC general 
secretary, has “advised” Hammond 
and his colleagues that to alone 
with News International would be 
against the interests of the rest of the 
labour movement Outright defiance 
by the electricians and a continu- 
ation of their “marauding style”, as 
one trade union official pul it, would 
probably finally exhaust the patience 
of the other members of the TUC 
general council 

The present isolation of the 
electricians is in marked co ntrast to 
the situation when the EEPTU 
clashed with Sogat in the summer of 
1 983, and more recently in the TUC 
row over the acceptance of state 
funds for ballots. 

In the former incident a majority 
of the TUC general council had been 
assembled to suspend Sogat if it 
continued defying orders to return 
the left-led Fleet Street electricians’ 

■as SfeSi&ft 

that patients who do not belonp m 
a particular ward, by virtue of age, 
sex. or type of infirmity, should not 
be admitted there; powerless to 
insist upon the provision of types of 
specialist facilities and equipment 

which the none above all knows win 
speed patient recovery. ^ 

Equally disturbing is the effect 
tha t the erosion of tin* role will have 

on foe authority of the wwd aster,, 
foe 'key professional to whom foe 

confbsed or frightened patient could 
always relate. The nursing pro- 
fession views with alarm the thrmi 
to foe ward taster posed by foe 
rumoured introduction of mini- 
general managers at ward level 

In the past, line authority may 
have stopped at the old-styie 
matron, but her informal status was 
such that it was a foolhardy 
administrator or doctor who ^ques- 
tioned matron's authority within her 
own professional re alm . The 
patients may' have quaked, along 
with tire junior nurses, when she did ; 
her rounds but at least they knew 
she was on their side: 

The College does not want to put 
the dock h**k but does want to see 
the return of such a figure. The 
government should revise the 
Griffiths review' so that .there is a 
director of nursing services in every 
hospital, fKnie and health unit with 
the experience to take the humane 
view - and foe power to take 
decisions that put the patient, not 
the balance-sheet first. 

The author is general secretary of the 
Royal College cf Nursing. 

branch to the EETPU- The union’s 
current stance rankles with pe ople 
who supported it then, and accu- 
sations of incOTi si stcncy are now 
being made by general council 
members. . . . 

There is a growing feeling m th e 
labour movement that the EETPU 
wants to have the best of every 
world by mting the TUC when it 
suits and ignoring it when there is a 
conflict with its almost evangelical 
drive to modernize its operations, 
improve services for members and 
increase its influence. 

Hammond believes that a kind of 
free market should exist in the union 
movement to enable workers unre- 
stricted dunce of which union to 
join. Abolition of foe TUCs anti- 
poaching Bridlington rales would, 
he conceded, lead to an initial 
period of difficulty and perhaps 
chaos, but would in the long term 
benefit foe union movement and its 

The electricians’ growing links 
with the breakaway miners’ union, 
which is unlikely to be recognized by 
the TUC and thus foe Labour Party, 
is also a cause of some anguish m 
the labour movement, but as the 
criticism is being fed by Arthur 
Srarg ill, Hamm ond can expect more, 
support within foe TUC on that 
issue. Some members of the general 
council believe that eventually the 
UDM will have to be recognized 
undone way bein g sugge sted is for it 
to merge with the EETPU. 

Leaders of both organizations 
deny that plans exist for such a link- 
up. Indeed, a m erger m ight make 
more sense if the EETPU was to be 
expelled from foe TUC and if. it 
tried to establish an alternative 
c entre of union' * influence. The 1 
prospects of such a- development, 
however, appear remote. 

Yet in the wake of foe miners’ 
strike the chaUcnge to the union, 
movement has never been stronger. 
The “new pragmatism” is gaining 
ground, particularly in the need seen ■ 
by many to moderate opposition to 
the government’s employment legis- 
lation, and employers in .many 
industries are now able .to secure 
deals that guarantee industrial 
peace. Fleet Street is rate of the last 
remainihg bastions of old-fashioned 
union strength, but that could soon 

The appearance of Eddy Shah on 
foe national newspaper scene with 
his low-cost, high-tech colour daily 
due to be launched early in March 
has created a new psychological 
climate. Rupert. Murdoch’s pro- 
posals marie foe greatest challenge to 
the influence of foe print -unions in 
decades. There are not many people 
willing to take money that the 
revolution in the newspaper indus- 
try ‘will be achieved without blood 
being spilt. 

The author is labour correspondent 
<^The Times. " 


be a flood 

An intriguing aspect of the Westland visiting them,. I was. far 
aflfcir - and with it Mrs Thatcher’s conscious of smmanteL, 

Cabinet style - has so for passed For a start, both visits cheered n» , 4 * ; ' 

without comment that foe depar-/ up. Usually, as. a .pomkaan, ! 

turn to foe Tory back benches of the invited to. yist .enfoattfed info/Vx 

only minister capable of even rations roasting dosuze, or 

sounding as if be cared about, foe of appallingl y, d eagied cobb^*^'" ; ’ ■ 

inner cities should have coincided estates demanding their demnftfe^y p< r : ; 

with the death of. Tory MP Martin or ang ry ca n^aig n bie etiiigs 

Stevens, precipitating a by-election foe forces <n bureaucracy. Tri •*»£>, ‘ 

in the London inner city, seat of that expansion . puls people is. • - 

Fulham. . w .". . . better ■ mood . than. c^tracti^ . 

No doubt the Cabinet nil over sounds so scl f-cvi dait as to be eras* 5 w ' • 

Westland will be the main issue in but it is important to rememberth«-' ■ J - 
foe by-election, yet sooner or later it is not just foe statistics of for? W ■: 

the inner city debate will bubble up - comparison that matter- foe * 

a gain Where trill MjchaeLHesdtine jobs created,: foe bettor: 
be then? Silent on foe siddmes, or provided - but foe ripple effect • * 

putting foe knife into foe Tories’ the waves of enfo nsiasm that jpna* wv : ' r 
inadeq uacies? The ~ latter, more • out from new vcntureil- Inner p ' /. ■ 
likely, zf the perfo r mance of foe last need that ripple effect quite as mndh? jju- 1 ' *„ ■ 
few daysis anything to go by. as they need jobs. . ■ 

Discussions about foe inner city • -Secondly, bothin^titmkms took it . 

tend to end tip sounding like a long , for granted that They should faeS ‘ ' 
whine or a boring rant; so let me try dependent xm both .private 
something, new by describing two publfesonrbes bfftmdmg. ; Bothanp^' 

estates demanding tow dn go^^>y^ r .- ;'. 

that expansion puts people * ■ ■ 

better 1 mood than. . 

sounds ro self-evident as to be cite. 5 k ■ - 
but it is important to retneafocrS - -J L - 
it is not just foe statistics - l ' ’ 

comparison that matter - - 

jobs created,: foe better: ■ -ii'-'"' 

provided - rail the -ripple effect 
the waves of enthusiasm foatspfettH 
out from pew ventures.- Inner i' ' 

need thatripple effect quite n • 

as they need jobs. ; • • .. 

' '.CmmimIIv hcrflt- i iirfl iiitw fi. -f- •.**'' .i. 

as they need jobs: 

Discussions about the inner city • - Secondly, bothin^titution* took ^ . 

tend to end up sounding likea long ., for granted that they should beSj ‘ 
whine or a boring rant; so let me try dependent on both .private 

something new by describing two public sources of fondint Bothanf^' 
recent visits to inner city institutions part of their role in being ax creative' 7 

that are actually growing. , and enterprising . as pawih fe J ■ 

The first was the. engineering/ puttmg*^ '-foe-'two-' together and in V 1 
computing block of a polytechnic, a retaining good relations with 
bndalist glass and concrete building ‘ sort 'of both sorts. So many;*? - - 

with. a. fed about it of. Tomorrow’s debates on which pahlicaxnx expaut^ - 

.World. As you' walk in you can huge amounts of time and entity i-V\ . 
almost . hear, subliminaHy, - foe privatization, mumcipalizatian, the^A ' 
programme's electronic theme ethics ofbusmessspou sor ship oftinffif;/ :: - 
music, and everywhere there are arts, foe “introxioa” of business iatoV— -■ •. 
screens and plastic keyboards. -The' education - appear in this context 
lecturers / students / researchers / be pcdnflessly pdlaiazed. Of courte^t- "" 
seconded- business personnel are ! industry and mnniq p i ) govenwuait^S ’■ ■" • 
indistinguishable in open shirts and : must work .in- partnership, ■ and-si^ ' 
track ' shoes; aD pad: about foe central government must : prompts Ts' f 
building with a dauntingly purpose- foe . partnership - that was 
fill economy of tune and movement. ,, unspoken mffyy y , Other countries’ -iV .■ ' •“■ ' • 
“Leading edge,” you think, “techno- big cities ido it; our own big cities ' 

logical brealdhroogh. . . ” . happfe r times, did it. It is only ih> 

indistinguishable in open, shirts and ' must weak .in pj r tnw<Wtp - c. 1 

track shoes; aD pad : about foe ■ - central government must proin6tc'^ a ■ L - 
bnilding with a dauntingly purpose- foe . par tnership - that was o 

fill economy of time and movement. ,. unspoken , Other cn mrtrW . 

“Leading edge,” you think, Vtedmo- big cities do rt our own bigeitie* te 
logical breakforough. . . ** happier times, did iL It is only the yrTT- 

This is one of foe few educational current po li ti c a l passion-ibis “taking . 
institutions in . Britain that has sides" that has. turned tins into a ’ 

benefited from government initiat- bf war, - •■ r 7 Wjgc?"'- ; 

rlres, and is also jiirllmg in a feir Finally, : I .was made deeply ^ vi:- 

amount of investment from the conscious that both institutions 

jnivate sector. There, is a plethora. of depended crucially on ca pital invcat- >^ ^- 
new courses, and. ideas for ney m^nr, h i til dings , and modern oqpiiH'w't, . • 

I courses, and a creative restlessness meat, -and tfiat tins wax bofo ' 1 
to get them going. practical and (if you like j a spiritual ^ ' 

The other institution I visited was need. Their - architecture was - a 
the Roundhouse, the hqge Victorian symbol ofvfoat they were, and what, * 1 - 1 
locomotive shed that squats near tiie they were striving fra*. Ittepatacsaed 
| Euston shunting. yards. It is a-listed - then- feith in sodety and sodetV’s -■ r-- 

. I.m .1 I— . r- ■ _ • # . . J * — 

FiaaHy, : : I . .was made deeply* 
conscious that both institutions^ $ ?-• - 
depended cnidaily on cental invmir ^ 
meat, buildings and modern eqoijH’^.:^'' 
merit, and that this, wax boflraPii , ' • 
practical and (if you iikej a spintaal 
need. Their • ardiitecture . was - a 
symbol of vfoat they were, aiod wfaaf,^- : 

. they were sbivingfor. It rqracr id 

buflding and a local landmark, but 
has been allowed over foe last three 
decades to become dirty and 
dilapidated. Now it is shrouded in 
scaffolding and tarpaulin while an 
£8 milliiwi rehabilitation programme 
(GLC and Camden -funded), is 

forth, in them. The infrastructure 
spending for which there is mufo^l -,: 
rfamn nr is needed for more than - 
drams and better insulation. : 

. . I find it strange that tbe Church’s^- 1 -- " ; 
Faith in the City, so cxceflem in "• 

social' arid, eoonomic recommen- itr : ' 

HntintK lui« M tn Hvnlwint th* 

exhiforalmg sight — like a great, 
darkened, expectant cathedral . 

The Roundhouse is to become the 
first -blade arts centre, not just in 
Britain but (according to its creators) 

particularly since this is one of 

own proudest historic achiewemema 1 "*^'^'. 

It- was after -all foe “towers, ^ . 
domes, .theatres and temirfes” - 

London that inspired Wordsworths, 

in the vrorid. Local residents and :*stan(fing at dawn on Westmiristeri^^- - 
traders wme at first hostile, imagmrv Bridge. (If he .were alive -today -I 
ing no doubt an invasion of young wradd recommend foe then unbuih,- . 
people with dreadlocks playing loud .Waterloo Bridge as commanding an - 
regale music into the early hours: even, mbit; beautiful, view: all the ' 
Now they are bang .wbn^rocBid' by city churcfoes to the east and “.** 

dm grandeur of the concept: a centre 
for the coltivaiibn of the arts of all 
foe ethnic minorities' in -Britain — 
three theatres, n dnema, -recording 
studios, dance studios, rest aur a n ts. 

The two . institutions, and the 

Parliament round tire swoop of - r ■ 

river to the south-west. I would also =*- 
suggest that dndc. is an even more "YZ ; :Z 
heart-stopping moment titan dawn). 

A.dqr that ceases to build other-^.^ 
than fin- the mere puiposes.of work . 

people who nm them, are in many mid shelter ceases to live: Optimism, 
ways very diffe rent They represent excitement, imagination are all 
what we have come to regard, as there, under fife surface, wailing to 
antitheses: technology versus tile be stirred - as my two visits made 
arts. Conservative versus Labour reassuringly plain. But at present 
spending priorities, foe advance , of these are xareexceptibna.. 


western ca p i t alism versus tire - ~ v 

demands of the Third World. Yet, GLC/ILEA fir St Panaras North. ^L-:- 

1 1 1 i . ™ m i i a : - - - 

•• .. •?&£-••• '. 

moreover . . . Miles Kir^ion 

More napping iH 

than kidded s" 

What is it like to be kidnapped? Captor: Unified Ortierm ltd, 

.Wlffll is it like, e^pedally, to be the as yon. ^ 

subject of a se n sel e ss kidnapping for. Victim: But who controls yon? Who T 
motives you do not understand? are the faceless men behind it an? . 

Very few of us will ever know at first- Captor: Someone m ti* Qfy. Rank .l^'; 

The author is SDP member cf the ’-^iCwa-r 
GLC/ILEA fir St Panaras North. ^L- 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

transcript of part of a real kidnap 
ordeal It is absolutely genuine; and . 
covers just one day, in remorseless 

The kidnap victim was kept in a. 
small room in a big block in a large 
city. Hie. had a chair, a. nM« and' 
some papers, but very ifrife else. He 
was manly alone, except when 
visited by a captor. 

10.33am ■ 

Victim: (talking to himself and 
shuffling some papers) l really think 
I am going mad. I really tiling I am 
going out of my mini Day after 

sa ti sfa c tion. (He talks to a small pot 
plant on the table.) Poor little flower, 
doomed to five and die indoors. I 
know how you feel 


Victim: Tins is driving toe crazy. I 
can’t take much more of this. If only 
I knew what they wanted! (The door 
opens and a captor enters.) What do 

Captor: We want answers to our 

Victim: I can’t give them to you. 
Captors We can wait until you 
though not for ever. 

Victim: TeB me the questions a gain 
Capten How many millions of paper 

cups did we use last year, andnow 

don't know -who careS? Just give m 
theanswerS? . ' -• . . v- - ..V 
2.14pm : 

CaptorcWeff how goes it? . 
Victim: (in some distress) I waa: 
talk to my wife arid children! 

Captor: Go ahead, ifoorie ttoan. We 
are riot monsters, you know, fori be 
tactful Very taraut 
Victim: (ti£ofo>tf(nd)DariuH^Hrila 
it’s me. Yes* Pm fine. ; -fine: Yto. 
usual time, at the snation- What?Gh- 
good, 'I like larag na That wiB be 
lovely. No, I . can’t say anything 
There’s ... someone with me. OK. 
all rijfot. I love you too, (He rings 

off) - • _ . 

Captun Good. Now/m nstaaihow 
about some answers on. tiae pQ’tf 

Vlctiric I don’t know anytiringAwt 

your bloody paper cups I- haven t 

Capton Ybu should have -You^ 
been working on it for two weeks 
now, and nothing to dbcnr'Sx iL 
..You wouldn't want us to think you 
were.. . incompetent, would yo»/ 
Victim: What ff L totally refrsed to 
. co-operate? What ifl said you wraild 
never yt the answers fr om me ? 
Captor Then yon conld leave here 
straiphiaway. And we’d get sotneow 

Victim: Someone foe? If I were 
released, you’d condemn same o «to 
poor wretdi to go tinoatft *®* 

■Jj 4 «<rn 

T^ 0 f ins"*' 
v-ijt A.-,. 
..n- ifisa;.,. 

!^or h ; 






„ - . ... ‘ T *** ’ *? - L **«***»:.-. 



P-O- Box 7, ‘200 Gray's Inn Road, London WCIX 8EZ. Telephone 01-837 1234 


Tomo rrow a noteworthy case It may fell to the court to 
m the High Court The determine where politics (for 
na ® 3es ®fjhe plaintiffs are many example, the discretionary de- 
ar^ excepting the celebrity of asion-maJring of ministers or 
Mr, Derek .Hatton and Mr Ted councillors) ends and adminis- 

| ■ Knight, _ obscure;- The subject 
fatter is local and provincial. 
Yet the adjudication m the suit 
DrcftJght' against the district 
auditors 1 for "the boroueh of 

tration (government by rule and 
statute) begins. Unless the maps 
are clear, this exercise in the 
geography of power will tend to 

No takers for scientific places Stealing a inarch in 

From Professor J. M. Irvine ■ approach, would require an exten- privfltft mftdicinft 

Sir, Over the past few months there undergraduate cw mw to , n j. ■ 

hai been a allow students to reach present From Dr John Studd 

bemoaning tbSnate of BntiS standards. • Sir, It Is to the great efiswrfit of this 

sdenreamd tedmology. The area- » na*« mdicatoon that countr y feat we otto fell to 

menthasusuaSl^madefeattoS the Government is aboutto provide recognise that the profitable pnvate 

problems stem from a lack of the resources necess&ry for fen, nor medicine sector ousts or, for 

ir,Xr»Xr^ is it certain that there is a large sentimental reasons, are hostile to it. 

Sir, Over the past few months there 

has been a plethora of reports SSlSSL 

bemoaning fee stale of British degree standaros. 

srienceand technology. The^mt- is nafeer mdicauon that 

MthasusuaSl^SadefesrtS the Government is aboutto provide 

problems stem from a lack of 

Sr, Over the past few months there 
has been a plethora of repor t s 
it was "surprising” that a section bemoaning fee stale of British 
of the Act had been clumsily science and technology. The argn- 
drafted. (So clumsily indeed that ment has usually been made feat our 
the word Parliament was tairwi problems stem from a lack of 
as synonymous with House of ”^ 4 ^ m<mey ,*« Os only 

be grand. For the court will be 
trying the new municipal social- 
ists. It will be judging the 

ways be labile, because the court 
should always have some 
capacity to subject the activities 
of the public officials to review 

Commons.) There _ are other nfobLem, fee situation fa r i ng fee 
examples where legislative lan- country would not be nearly as 
guage has been passed in ambigu- disastrous as is fee case, hi marry 
ous form. But such failures are not areas the shortage of money is 
m he hlflin ftH nit te chnicians in the secondary to the shortage of 
House of Commons. They are also manpower. 

conduct of _ a generation of on the grounds of their Common- 
Labour politicians who in pur- or-garden reasonableness. In 

suit of their version of the higher 
good have chosen to disregard 
established procedures and 
conventions of local govem- 

Some four years ago the same 
court turned down the metro- 
politan district auditor when he 
charged that the Labour council- 
lors who ran Camden, among 
them Mr Ken Livingstone, had 
been not only profligate but had 
acted contrary to law. That 
decision gave a green light to 
conduct in a number of urban 
local authorities which has 
embarrassed defenders of the 
principles of local self-govem- 
i spent and encouraged those 
•calling for further centralization 
of the administration of Britain. 
Some might hope that the court 
will undo its previous work. 
Perhaps it will define anew limits 
to local potitickmg and so 
obviate.- Mr David Widdi- 
combe’s committee of inquiry. 
Whatever the court says, it will 
be making a judgement about 
the legitimate distribution of 
power in society. In short it will 
be engaging in politics. 

Is that SUCh a damning 
concession? A standard criticism 

1985, as in recent years, the 
court was busy because this 
boundary has become particu- 
larly unstable. 

Mr Hayhoe ascribed this 
activism to a "tendency” on the 
part of the courts. A better 
reading would look to the 
politicians. The court has been 
buffetted by two waves, one of 
shorter, one of longer duration. 
Relations between central and 
local government have become 
unstable, partly because of the 
arrival in power of left-labour 
politicians who have sought to 
overthrow the rules of the game, 
partly because ministers in their 
determination to control local 
expenditures have created a web 
of new rules and discretions. The 
courts have been caught in the 
middle, attempting to apply the 
traditional rules to councillors 
and ministers alike. 

A second pressure has come 
from within Mrs Thatcher’s 
Go verarne ntCo mmi tted, at least 
in its rhetoric, to some shrink- 
age, some “rolling bade” of the 
powers of the State, the govern- 
ment has on several recent 
occasions attempted a short cut. 
Instead of painful surgery on 

. failures of scrutiny, failure of the 
HousesofPariiament as a forensic 
institution and as a guardian 
against executive heavy-handed- 

When the Federation of Op- 
tical Corporate Bodies chal- 
lenged Mr Fowler over bis 
attempt to make a retrospective 
levy on their receipts from the 
National Health Service, Mr 
Justice Macpherson found he 
.had invented a power for 
himself There had, in short, 
been an increase in the quantum 
of executive power enjoyed by 
the Secretary of State for Social 
Services - and that increase 
should have been measured out 
with the most finely calibrated 
instruments by the only body 
capable of such mensuration. 
Parliament. Support for Mr 
Fowler’s objective, which was 
fully in keeping with the govem- 

In response to this shortage, fee 
Secretary of State for Education and 
Science announced several new 
initiatives, particularly in engineer- 
ing and technology, including the 
creation of several thousand extra 
studentships. The problem is that he 
has not created a single extra 

If the universities and polytech- 
nics are to produce graduates in the 
physical sciences, engineering and 
technology to the present degree 

number of potential students who 
would wish to 'take advantage of 
relaxed entrance requirements. We 
are left, then, with the need to 
increase the number of qualified 
school leavers. 

Our school education system has 
foiled to make the study of physical 
sciences attractive to girls and to 
persuade sufficient pupils of the 
advantages of continuing educa ti on 
beyond the age of 16. A higher 
percentage of pupils in English 
schools give up the study of 
mathematics and physics at an 
-earlier age than in any comparable 
industrial nation. 

A contributory factor must be that 
more than 80 per cent of our school 
pupils will never be exposed to a 
graduate physics teacher. Physics is 

touelE.TW had, in abort, 

been an increase m the quantum educated to at bTtk 

of executive power enjoyed by standards of the present A-level 
the Secretary of Stale for Social qualifications in mathematics and 
Services - and that increase physics. 

should, have been measured out The of thfo pool is essentially 
with the most finely calibrated static and wfil soon begin to decline 
instr uments by the only body for general demo gra phic reasons 
capable of such mensuration, unless some drastic action is ta ken . 
Parliament. Support for Mr Already the shortage of applicants 

KL&SvS 8 f^T“t£ a potS3S<^ 

fully in keeping with the govern- offer a de£ee coin£in physics and 
ment s pohries, evidently this condition, is now spreading to 
blinded his Parliamentary sup- the universities. 

standards, within the constraints of shortly to disappear from the prc-1 6 

porters to his methods. The 
judgement of the court in this 
case - similar to that involving 
Mr Fowlers power to alter 
arrangements for board and 
lodging payments - provided 
instruction for further study; it 
said much about the functions of 
Members of Parliament and 
their committees. 

Where Parliament cannot or 

The universities and polytechnics 
have the capacity to absorb at least a 
20 per cent increase in the number 
of undergraduates in the physical 
sciences and engineering wi thin 
their present buildings and staffing 
levels, if only suitably qualified 
applicants could be found. 

There are two approaches to the 
problem: either the universities can 
reduce their entrance requirements, 
or the number of school leaven 

of the courts is that they trespass public services, ministers have 

in political matters. It usually 
f comes from the left; however the 
facility with which Labour 
councils have repaired to the 
Strand in recent years to enlist 
the courts’ aid in their battles 
with the Government has stilled 
that source. Instead the criticism 
has been amplifed in speeches by 
ministers, notably that a month 
ago by Mr Barney Hayhoe in 
which he seemed to summon up 
the resentment of several sec- 
retaries of state that a succession 
of judgements had gone against 
them.. From left or right, the. 
criticism is misconceived. 

An old, and surely uncontro- 
versial function of the court is to 

tried to achieve their objectives 
of retrenchment and adminis- 
trative simplification with the 
aid of local anaesthetic - quick 
and closet use of ministerial 
prerogative. Mr Fowler, Mr 
Ridley, Mr Jenkin, Sir Keith 
Joseph: last year the court found 
them all out, not so much in 
attempting minigfwrijii aggrandi- 
zement as in trying to achieve a 
political (and often laudable) 
objective by inadequate, indeed 
unlawful administrative means. 

The failure here is Parlia- 
ment’s. It is a failure of drafts- 
manship. In the case brought by 
Leicester district council against 
the Secretary of State for the 

versial function of the court is to the Secretary of State for the this terrain is rough and there 
...determine where the arena of Environment over proper pro- are many miles to go before the 
public law begins, within which cedures under the Rates Act, Mr judges need to be recalled from 
its adjudications are to be made. Justice Woolfe said politely that their expedition. 

will not dispose, where the qualified in mathematics and phys- 
executive power of the State is ics must be increased. The former 
undearly expressed in statute, 

where ministers take_ an easy TW,pIu>rc Sn nrienn 'insecurity in fee 

way out through dubious regu- keacners in prison professors and 

Iations and where councillors From Dr Roger Owen and others SSf'TSm 

kick against the traces - there is sir, The exodus from Afghanistan of replace such losses, 

a role jot the court and the over half the country’s educated elite 
description of its work as is causing immense damag e to 
“political” is neither here nor prospects of rebuilding its shattered 
there. The balance of recent economy and society, after the war 
derisions (ministers have won as ends. 

often as they have lost am- As teachers m the field of Asian 
bilious councillors have been M .P^n cu hr concern 

repulsed) suggests no judicial reuraiTSder the 
plot In an end-of-year case of President KsnnsL Thededine in 
involving municipal affairs Lord academic standards at . Kabul Uni- 
Scarman had some wise words versify, and of morale among staff 
for his colleagues on how far and students alike, has sharply 
their exploration of political increased since 1982, when indepen- 
decision making fhnnlri go. But dent- mi nded teachers wero arrested. 

curriculum to be replaced by 
integrated science courses. 

Most of the teachers of the new 
integrated science courses are 
unlikely to have had any formal 
instruction in mathematics and 
physics beyond O-levd standard. 
The number of graduate physicists 
leaving the teaching profession each 
year is now running at more than 
three times the entry level 

It has been reported that belatedly 
the DES has awoken to the crisis 
and is proposing to offer increased 
grants to mathematics and physics 
graduates who undertake teacher 
training courses. While this may be a 
start in the right direction, it will not 
have a major impact as long as the 
graduate physicist in industry can 
expect to earn twice as much as his 
similarly qualified counterpart in 
the teaching profession. 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Manchester, 
Department ofTheoretical Physics, 
The Schuster Laboratory, 

January 3. 

insecurity in fee university, and even 
professors and teachers who were 
politically neutral were forced to flee fee 
country ... it will take ... decades to 


Is it ever worth it? When news of 
the loss of Captain Scott and his 
team reached London, it was the 
first question asked. He had not 
got there “first”, and he and four 
others died, one of concussion, 
the others of- “want and ex- 
posure”. But they had achieved 
the goal of the South Pole, in 
furtherance of settling unsolved 
problems of geography, natural 
history and other sciences, and 
.. tributes to their gallantry and 
■'l effort quickly pushed the ques- 
tion aside. 

It is asked again with the 
achievement of three British 
explorers at the South Pole in 
Captain Scott’s footsteps. Fortu- 
nately, this time there is no loss 
of life. But there has been much 
effort and worry expended on 
the rescue operation. And even 
before that occurred, there were 
questions about the scientific 
relevance of the whole ex- 

In. the event, American assist-, 
ance at the crucial time pre- 
vented a disaster of greater 
. magnitude. The swift (within an 
&hour) arrival of helicopters to 
take off the stricken crew of the 
support vessel must have pro- 
vided an exciting interlude in 
what is the endlessly heavy-going 
monotony of Antarctica. It was 
better than an exercise, and it 
worked. Success is its own 

Achievement is another mat- 
ter. What did they actually 
achieve?. Should they have gone 
in the first place? Was it really 

Exploration has always been 
seen as-- the purview of a| 

i . : — 

Bora to blush unseen 

From MrJ. Af. Ross 
Sir. The list of names drawn up by 
fee General ’Register Office a 
hundred years ago (Mr Tioehurst’s 
.letter, January 3) was revised about 
-1949 iMMter my supervision. The 
new list contained tire following 
| names thought by Mr Ticehurat to 
be obsolete. 

Male: Aldred, Donal Eldred Futo. 
Hermann, Hiram, _ Kenward, Pros- 
ipec, Ranulph, 'Rirskto, Samson, 
■Thorold, Tracy, Winfred, Zachary. 

•* (Female: Alberta, AmabeL Aviee, 

1 [Oartbel Dagmar, Hope, Hortensia, 
Kezia. Pansy, Sydney, Yctta. 

| These names were mcliioea 
because the staff of the Genoal 
. {Register Office had evidence that 

they were still in use; 

The name Zachai 

name Zachary (oripnallyi in 

jealously-guarded inner circle. 
No major expedition is ever 
pursued outside that network 
without criticism from within 
the club about “amateurs” and 
“ill-founded, ill-fimded or ill- 
supported” projects. Scientists 
imply that the unknown is too 
important, too dangerous and 
too sophisticated to be left to 
anyone but themselves, and 
justify their criticism when 
things go wrong. 

On this occasion, they have 
had half an opportunity to get in 
with complaints; (thankfully 
there was nothing that gave them 
greater . apparent vindication). 
But this was no mid-blizzard 
amble across the Black Moun- 
tains of Wales by city dwellers 
wearing shorts, no venture down 
a pot-hole in the free of floods 
underground by Boy Scouts 
carrying bicycle torches, no 
cross-Channel sponsored row in 
a bath-tub by armchair sailors. It 
was carefully researched, 
planned and supported; the feet 
that the back-up ship was in 
touch, and that not a single 
injury was sustained, is evidence 
enough of that 

And it was of use. The 
scientific components were not 
“completely absent”, as was 
suggested yesterday but were all 
there. As an integral part of the 
project, they ranged from testing 
physical and mental stress to 
trying out British products in 
extreme conditions. Could the 
nub of the matter be that this 
was not only a “private" ex- 
pedition, but that it was funded 
under the patronage of such 
meaningful names as Scott and 

survives in my family - having 
descended from my unde to his 

Yours faithfully, 

J. M. ROSS, 

64 Wildwood Road. NW1 1. 

Janua ry 3. 

New training certificate 

From the Chairman of the Business 
<£ Technician Education Council 
Sir, I refer to Donald MacIntyre’s 
r epor t in the issue of December 30 
regarding a possible new five-stage 
Certificate of Vocational Education. 

The vital need is to bring together 
education and training at the 
various levels. The range of a 
parson’s competencies could then be 
seen readily on one certificate. The 
quicker this is achieved tire sooner 
we will improve Britain’s competi- 

over half the country’s educated elite 
is causing immense damage to 
prospects of rebuilding its shattered 
economy and society, after the war 

As teachers in the field of Asian 
studies we feel particular concern 
about the experience of academics 
who remain under the government 
of President KarmaL The decline in 
academic standards at. Kabul Uni- 
versity, and of morale among staff 
and students alike, has sharply 
increased since 1982, when indepen- 
dent-minded teachers were- arrested, 
four of whom are known to be still 
imprisoned. They had reportedly 
tried to form a university human 
rights group, in 1982, to c help 
arrested teachers and students. 

Three are Professor K. Shukrallah 
and Professor Osman Rusta, of the 
law and political science depart- 
ment, and Professor Hala, chairman 
of the journalism department. The 
fourth, Professor . Hasan Kakar, 

We therefore urge that Professor 
Kakar be released now, or granted a 
free and fair trial and appeal to all 
people of good will to publicize by 
all possible means these cases of 
political imprisonment, of teachers 
and scholars. 

Yours etc, 





2 Crooms H23 Grove, SEI0. 

January 6 . 

Wind in the wires 

sentimental reasons, are hostile to it. 
As a consequence we are, in spite of 
our great reputation for medical 
education ana practice, losing tins 
market to American companies. 

American Medical International 
and Humana Hospitals have more 
private hospitals in this country 
titan do British companies. The 
largest private maternity hospitals 
are American. The largest, but not 
the most successful fVF {in-vitro 
fertilization) centre is American. 
Most private heart operations are 
performed in American hospitals. 

The prices and hidden charges of 
these beds are high enough for them 
to have been an object of a formal 
protest from the insurance com- 
panies. Nevertheless, they work well 
and should serve as a standard once 
the complacent British medical 
world chooses to compete in this 
service industry. One hopes that it is 
not too late. 

In my own specialty of obstetrics 
and gynaecology the inventive ideas 
and the contribution of British 
doctors have probably been greater 
than in any other country. There is, 
however, a failure to capitalise on 
this because of lack of research funds 
and a reluctance to use the private 

Ultrasound, pioneered by two 
Scottish obstetricians, is a case in 
point We may or may not still be 
world leaders in this field, but sadly 
we do not make the machines. Our 
competitors get the jobs, the 
advance technology, the inter- 
national recognition, the profits and 
we get the bilL There are countless 
other examples. 

For the sake of the future or 
British medicine there is an urgent 
need to take corrective action. We 
have given our electronics and 
motor cycle industry to Japan, 
textile industry to the Far East, and 
shipbuilding to whoever wanted it. 
It would be too great a disgrace to 
hand over efficient medical practice 
to American medical corporations. 

I am, yours faithfully, 


Kinj£s College School of Medicine 

Denmark Hill SE5. 

January 3. 

Milk quotas 

judges neea to be recalled from rights group, in 1982, to c help From Mr John P. M. Berated the tenant. However, tenants should Her dimenriona, then, are: - 

their expedition. arrested t eachers and students. Sir, If British Telecom really does beware of accepting such compen- Extreme length, 380 fast; ditto breadth. 

Three are Professor K. Shukrallah away with telegraph poles, a sabo n without first obtaining their 53 feet; depth, 41 feet 6 inches; and her 
-1 ■ 1 / TH 7 and Professor Osman Rusta, of the cherished childhood memory will laumonl s appro vaL tonnage no less than 6,177 tons. The 

^ JL H riKfi law and political science depart- stfll remain, of the fascination of the , rural land, agency practice engines (screw, of course) are to be by 

ment, and Pr o fessor Hala, chairman “up and down" motion of the . . years seen the peed to Penn and Sons, of 1,230-homa power, 

Shackleton by “private enter- °f the journalism department The telegraph wires seen from the train .joennte a covenant requiring the and of these we ahaD, on a future 

prise”? fourth, Professor . Hasan Kakar, asTt sped through the summer *f nan i.- 1 to .basic quotas occasion, lay a separate and* detmtod 

Pan tain j am „ rook thmwto chairman of the his tory de partment, Kentish countryside; But what will failure so to do is a breach of before 

“wnrii and the subject ofohe ^jf your become of our exhausted, returning the tenancy entrthng the landlord to total weight, with boflera. wfll be 950 

200 years ago that the “world -p riS oneis of conscience” articles migrant birds, looking for a resting serve an enforceable nohee to quit. , ..... . ... 

wm^dmive^no benefit^ from (February 28. 1984), is still serving partiSr, wheSTSffl _5? _ Mcgtance . of 

From Mr Gilbert Beasley 

Sir, The threat to the rural landlord 

and tenant system suggested by John 

Anderson (January 2) may be 


The EEC propose a scheme for 
further reduction of the milk surplus 
entitling dairy farmers, whether 
tenants or owner-occupiers, to 
financial compensation for surren- 
der of the quota right to produce 
milk on any particular Sum. The 
compensation is proposed to go to 
the tenant However, tenants should 
beware of accepting such compen- 
sation without first obtaining their 
lan (fiord’s approval 

Sound rural land agency practice 
has for many years seen the need to 
include a covenant requiring the 
tenant to maintain basic quotas. 
Any failure so to do is a breach of 


JANUARY 13 1860 

SMS Warrior, Britain's first iran- 
pfatedfchting ship, was launched in 
December, 1860- the most pMoerfui 
warship in the world, hut one which 

saw no action. In I9S& she was towed to 

Pembroke to serve as an oU-fiwl jetty. 
In 1979 Out Maritime Trust became 
her owner and she was towed to 
Hartlepool to be restored, a task 

expected to be completed this year 
when she wiR return to her old base at 


. . . The vessel sow building at 
BlackwaH and of the progress made 
with which we propose now to inform 
our readers, was originally intended for 
an iron-cased steam ram; that is to say. 
a vessel built as nearly shot proof aa 
possible, and not only intended to 
enrage, but especially to run into and 
sink others. From ttris design, however, 
she has been altered and is now to be 
built merely as a shot proof heavy 
armed frigate of perhaps 36, or perhaps 
70 guns, as the Admiralty may 
eventually decide. She is to be named 
tbs Warrior, and wifi be at once fire 
and shot proof - the hugest, strongest, 
and swiftest man-of-war afloat in the 
worid. But, as we have already said, 
since the drawings for this noble ahip 
were made, the Admiralty have, in 
their more recent plans for genuine 
steam rams, accepted much which they 
hwl formerly and, on the 

other hand, condemned a good deal of 
work on which they formerly insisted. 
Thus the two iron-cased vessels, or 
steam rams proper, which are now 
being built, - one on the Tyne by 
Palmer, and the other by Westwood 
and Briley at Mifiwafi, - are, though 
both shot proof, smaller in tonnage and 
armament, and nearly MX) feet shorter, 
than this gigantic frigate, the Warrior, 
which is being constructed at the 
Thames Shipping Company’s yard. 
Though great progress has been made 
with the Warrior, fee more striking 
parts of the hull, such as the beak ana 
stem, have yet to be bufit up. Now one 
only sees dimly through fee forest of 
timber which supports the midship 
part of the ponderous hull the really 
enormous solidity with which it is all 
put together. A perfect network of T 
shaped iron beams cross and recross 
one another in every direction. The 
wrooght-iran "box-girders’* which run 
throughout the veuel from stem to 
stern are the most powerful thinp of 
their' land that have ever yet been 
made; yet all these beams and girders, 
angle irons, and tie-rods, of which the 
whole hull is apparently buOt, are mere 
trifles to the things which have yet to 
be put into her. A whole mountain of 
teak, which half fills one part of the 
yard, has to be consumed in her outer 
"fining,’’ while her armour plates fie 
about in ponderous slabs, weighing 
many torn, each from 16 to 16 feet 
long. 4 feet wide, and 4lfc inches thick. 
The nose, or cutwater of the vessel is 
one immense slab of wrought iron, 
about 30 feet long, 10 inches thick, and 
weighing upwards of 17 tons. The screw 
frame is one piece of the finest forged 
iron, without the slightest flaw of any 
kind, and weighing no less than 44 
tons. TDl the present work was 
commissioned such masses of forgings 
were never thought of even in the 
construction of the Great Eastern 
itself. ... 

Her dimensjona, then, are; - 
Extreme length, 380 feet ditto breadth, 
68 feet depth, 41 feet 6 inches; and her 
tonnage no less than 6,177 tons. The 
engines (screw, of course) are to be by 
Penn and Sons, of 14230 -horse power, 
and of these we shall, on a future 
occasion, lay a separate and detailed 
description before our readers. Their 

wm uHive no ocucni irom (February 28, 1984), is still serving 
Antarctica. Yet, even before we an eight-year term of imprisonment 

get into the real arguments 
between environmentalists and 
resource-exploiters on the lines 
of the greens versus planners row 
that has just surfaced in the 
squabble between Mr Jopling 
and Mr Waldegravc this month, 
we have to acknowledge that 
there is a potential enormous 
benefit in those frozen wastes. 
Minerals are there, and food (in 
the shape of krill). The flag-fliers 
of both hemispheres are thus 
down there in force maintaining 
a presence to record an interest! 
in any future exploitation. 

That will not begin before 
1 991, when the 18 countries who 
are party to the Antarctic Treaty | 
can put up proposals for com- 
mercial development Mean- 
while there is a voluntary 
moratorium even on mineral 
exploration at the moment, in 
the absence of an international 
convention on Antarctic min- 
erals as exists for continental sea 
resources. The merciful escape of 
the caew of Southern Quest, 
coupled with the other good 
news that their gallant three 
walkers made the trip success- 
fully, ought to achieve one 
positive thing, and even the 
scientists cannot gainsay it It 
will fgcus the world’s attention 
on its most inhospitable comer, 
and. remind us that we have 
decisions to make in the next 
five years. And who can say that 
private enterprise needs to be 
frozen out? 

in Pul-e-Ghaikhi prison. He is 57 
and there arc grounds for concern 
about his health. 

We feel that Professor Kakar did 
not exaggerate when he stated at his 
closed trial: 

Our arrest created general tension and 

Nuclear waste disposal 

From MrP. A. H. Saunders 
Sir, Dr Russell Jones (January 2) 
appears to have misunderstood the 
basis on which public exposures to 
ionising radiation from nuclear 
discharges should be compared with 
those from diagnostic radiography. 

Assuming direct - proportionality 
between dose and effects, a cautious 
assumption, the total harm to the 
population is independent of the 
distribution of doses. Nuclear 
discharges may be causing one or 
two fetal cancers a year in the UK; 
diagnostic radiography is probably 
causing over 100 . . 

Dr Russell Jones is right to point 
to the need to consider beneficial 
trade-offs. In the case of the nuclear 
industry, the benefits, apart from the 
immediate economic advantage, 
include the availability of a source of 
energy that enables precious fossil 

Airport planning : 

From MrD. P. Stanley 
Sir, I thought your readers might 
like to know that we have just 
completed a major local plan 
inquiry into the fixture development 
of Manchester International Airport. 
The development is planned to 
triple the existing size of the airport 
to approximately 20 million passen- 
gers throughout over the next 20 
years. There were no objectors to 
this growth and the inquiry lasted 

less than two weeks. 

I wonder if the feet ' we consulted 
with over 200 organisations in 1982 

prepared workforce educated and 8 «s throughout over t 
trained to national standards. This years. There were no 1 
implies a more attention by this growth and the ini 

employers to their investment in less than two_ weeks, 
people and their continued training I wonder if the feet ’ v 

and updating. with over 200 organisati 

In achieving this aim ministers 
should avoid a costly ‘‘reinventing SimrHn g firsts 
of the wheel”. Much that is relevant v ® 

has been done already to set tire From Mr G. A. N. Foster 
stage, m vocational education and sir, “Bcn-hadad was drinking 
training. In my view it is possfofe-to himself drank in the pavilions" is 
movemme quickly than the article no t from I Sanwrf 23, as yon state 

“Buzby” find a place? 

Yours feithfoDy, 



Heath Drive, 




resources to be preserved for tire 
manufacture of pharma- 
ceuticals and fertilisers, a 

method of generating electricity that 
is environmentally less harmful th a n 
any nuyor available alternative. 
Such benefits may be difficult to 
quantity, but they are nevertheless 

Nuclear discharges already consti- 
tute the smallest source of public 
radiation exposure identified by the 
National Radiological Protection 
Board. Reducing them further 
would cost over 300 times as much, 
per man-Sievert saved, as reducing 
exposure from diagnostic radiogra- 

Yours faithfully, 


United Kingdom Atomic Energy 

Nuclear Environment Branch, 

B329 Harwell Laboratory, 

January 7. 

on our plans to 1990, that we 
consulted again this year with a 
similar number of interested parties 
on oar plans to 1995 and that we 
indicated our willingness to consult 
yet again in 1988/89 on our plans to 
the year 2000 was the reason. Each 
time we modified our plans in 
accordance with comments re- 

Of course, another fundamental 
reason was one which we at 
Manchester and other regional 
airports have been putting forward 
over the last few years - that is, that 
well founded airport expansion leads 
to prosperity and an increase in job 
opportunities in the surrounding 
area- That this was grasped by the 
residents was amply shown when 
their spokesman was asked by the 

The unilateral acceptance of 
spoils by the greedy tenant may lead 
to the jealous landlord's more 1 
d amnin g retaliation. 

Yours faithfully 

Warmingtons. Chartered Surveyors, 
Bartlemas Office, 



January 3. 

Sleepers awake 

From Mr A. G. D. Wesitey- 

The whole of the framework of the 
armour-coated portion of the ahip is 
now erected and the stem and stern are 
is rapid coarse oF construction. The 
number af guns to be carried an the 
main deck is to be 36, of winch 30 are 
under the armour coating and the rest 
fore , mid aft. It is not yet positively 
decided, thought we betters there is 
little doubt that there will be either 30 
or 36 broadside guns on the upper or 
spar deck as well making her a 60 or 
70-gun fr ig ate. All these pieces of 
ordnance are to be Armstrong^ longest 
range guns, and throwing shot of 1001b. 

In the course of two or three weeks 

Sir, Professor -Fells (December 28) . ) more the framework af both stem and 

was lucky to have the opportunity of 
a peaceful night, albeit at right 
angles to the direction of travel Had 
he ventured on to the much-publi- 
cised Night Rider, he would have 
found an extraordinary night train: a 
train which hay the brightest lights 
of any in the whole, of British Rail’s 
stock; the loudest of loudspeakers 
over each seat, announcing depar- 
ture for and imminent arrival at 
such ( exotic places as Stevenage, 
Huntingdon, Peterborough, Gran- 
tham, etc. - an announcement every 
20 10 30 minutes - and if that is not 
sufficient to keep those who want to 
sleep awake, the inspection of tickets 
between 12.30 and 1 am is a further 

I would certainly prefer to doze 
sideways than brave the continuous 
visual and audible assaults of the 
Night Rider. 

Your faithfully, 


Reindeer House, 

Swayfield. . 

Lin co lnshire . 

India and die British 

From Mr S. It Pavitt 
Sir, Lend Glendevon asserts (Janu- 
ary 8 ) that the Quit India movement 
of 1942 fizzled out for lack of 
popular support. I can assure him 
that it was still smouldering as late 
as January, 1945. 

At Worli Transit Caitip, Bombay, 

stem will be op and bolted together, 
and by .that time the ribs of the 
mid sh ip section mil be covered with 
their iron skin, and the double planking 
of teak commenced. As a matter of 
course, the armour plates wfll not be 
bolted into their places until after the 
Warrior is lau n ched, when this part of 
her equipment will roost likely be 
completed in fee Victoria Docks. All 
the plates are dovetailed at the edges 
into one another, fafttniwri through 
the teak and iron into the inner ribs of 
the ship wife bolts, which are counter- 
sunk outride so as to have their heeds 
level with the surface of the plate. The 
total weight of the plates for the vesad 
is 1,000 tons. 

These monstrous alabs of armour are 
framed of scrap-iron with a certain 
amount of paddled bar-iron, which 
makes a zontuis of xmyielchng 
toughness. Some of tnVon to 

Portsmouth have been subjected to the 
most severe tests in order to ascertain 
their capacity for resisting shot and 
«rfwll, imii fee remnants of 
are now at the works at BlackwaH 
They were fired at by 68-pOTindsz8 at a 
point-blank range of 200 yards. The 
massive shot even at this short 
distance have failed to penetrate fee 
iron, though they have dinted it to the 
depth of m or in arena cases 2 

Best of both words 

From Mr Ben Vincent 

Sir, Dr Aiken’s letter (January 2) 

oar daily newspapers were brought jaaSsOn me of a nice entry in an 
round by Indian* vendors crying m dex of a book of sociology; 

their spokesman was asked by the Times qf India (Quit India) - Their i“Mfll on political economy”, 

inspector if anyone objected to only concession to our feelings was “Mni on the Floss”, 
airport expansions: the answer was, to lower the voice "by a few decibels . 

“No, Sir - it’s jobs”. At Manchester for the political slogan. It also reminds me 

reported by building upon the work 
of the Business & Technician 
Education Council the City St 
Guilds of London Institute and 
others. ■ 

Yours faithfully. 

H. N. RAINE, Chairman, 

Business A Technician Education 

our of ’Zachary Macaulay) still, tiveness through having a soundly 

Central House, 

Upper Woburn Place, WC1. 

(Sporting Diary, Deoember 28) but 
from 1 Kings 20 : 16 . 

Now, “Against whom do ye sport 
yourselves? against whom make ye a 
wide . . .?” (Isaiah 57:4). 

Yours fafthfialty, 


9 Bath Old Road, 


Bath. Avon. 

January 8. 

the balance weighs firmly in the 
airport’s fevoun 

I wonder if there are any lessons 
to be learnt from fete by other parts 
of the UK? 

Yours faithfully, 


Director of Development & 

Man chest er International Airport 
Authority, Manchester, 

December 30. 

Another manifestation was the 
occasional derailment which slightly 
delayed our passage to the Burma 

We bore all this with the fortitude 
inherited from dive. 



40 Theydon Park Road, 

January 8 . 

It - also reminds me of an 
American book about the tewrfring 
of RE in liberal schools, where there 
oc curr ed in the index: "Kingdom of 
Heaven, see Constitution of the 

Yours faithfully. 


ir- i>vjU - rr ^ i iu oau.' 1 




Clifford Longley 

Methodist appeal on target 


Oxford don, Italian partisan 




January 12: Divine Service was held 

in Sandringham Church this 


The Reverend Alan Careful] 
Preached ihc Sermon. 

Her Majesty presented The 
Queen s Gold Medal for academic 
«ceHence « the King Edward VH 
jehool, King’s Lynn, to Mr 
Matthew Schumann, who was 
introduced into Her Majesty’s 
Presence by Mr R. G. Griffiths, the 
Deputy Headmaster. 

January 11: The Prince Andrew, 
Patron in Chief, the British Schools 
Exploring Society, this afternoon 
attended a presentation of Reports 
or 1985 Expeditions sponsored by 
the Society, at the Royal Geographi- 
cal Society, Kensington Gore, SW7. 

His Royal Highness was received 
by the President of the Society 
(Admiral of the Fleet the Lord 
Lewie) and the Chairman (Dr Xan 
Ash wed). 

Wing Commander Adam Wise 
was in attendance. 

January lb The Prince of Wales, 
President of the Royal Juubikc 
Trusts, was represented by Sir Peter 
Studd at the Funeral of Mr Bill 
Chalmers which was held at the Eye 
Church, Leo minster,' this morning. 

A memorial service for Vice-Admi- 
ral Sir.ConoQy Abel Smith will be 
held in The Queen’s Chapel of the 
Savoy. Savoy street, London WC2, 
on T uesday. January 2], at noon. 

A service of thanksgiving for the life 
and work of Mr Wilfred Elmar 
Smith, organist and choirmaster of. 
St Mary Abbots Church, Kensing- 
ton. since 1962, win be held at the 
church on Saturday, January 25, at 2 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr R.T. Tyson 
and Mrs C. Tomalin 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, eldest son of the 
late Commander A. Tyson, RN, and 
Mrs Tyson of South Harting, West 
Sussex, and Catriona, daughter of 
Sir Geoige Trevelyan, Bt, and Lady 
Trevelyan, of Hawfcesbury, Avon. 

Mr R. H. Ault 
and Miss E. Parser 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of Dr 
and Mis John Ault, of Sherborne. 
Dorset, and Emily, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Philip Purser, of 
Blakcsicy, Northamptonshire. 

CdrlVLH. Bolus, RN (retd), 
and Miss J.P. Wade 
The engagement is announced 
between Martyn H. Bolus, husband 
of the fade Elisabeth M. Bolus, of 
Lanark Place, W9, and Janet Wade, 
of Inner Park Road, Wimbledon. 

Mr D_ S. Bridge 
and Miss R. E. Banyard 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Mr and 
Mrs Ronald Bridge, of Hong Kong, 
and Rosemary, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Keith Banyend, of Comberton, 

Mr J. M. A. Capa dose 
and Miss J. M. WHdfaon 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian Max Anthony, elder 
son of Colonel and Mis J. L G. 
Capadose, of Westerham, Kent, and 
Jill Margaret, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Brian Widdiion, of 
Grenoside, Sheffield. 

Captain C.M. Dcrcrdl, RTR, 
and Miss K. V. van Dijkinrizen 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, only son of 
Mr and Mrs J. R. Deverell, of 
Bosham, West Sussex, and Karinne, 
youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs N. 
J. van Dijkhuizen, of Headley. 

Mr N. A. Farrell 

and Miss J. Edmundson 

The engagement is announced 

between Nigel, son of Mr Justice 

and Mrs A. D. Farrell, of 

Bournemouth, and Jane, daughter 

of Canon and Mrs E. J. Edmundson, 

of So ham, Cambridgeshire. 


and Mbs S. C. L. Ormc 

The engagement is announced 

between Christopher Leigh, son of 

the late Mr and Mrs Peter Fell, and 

stepson of Mis Pamela Fell, of East 

Gnnstead. Sussex, and Suzanne 

Catherine Lewis, youngest daughter 

of the late Mr Lewis Orme and Mrs 

A. P. Orme Vaulkhaid, of Parwich, 


Mr J. P. Hessen 
and Ms D.L. Giles 
The enrage meat is announced 
between Jonathan, youngest son of 
the late Mr and Mrs V. B. Hessen, of 
Cambridge, and Deanna, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A- Giles, of 
Spanvood, British Columbia, 


Mr F. W. HnxtaMc 
and Miss A. J. Finney 
The engagement is announced 
between Frederick, only son of the 
late Mr F. T. Hux table and Mrs M. 
V. Hux table, of Northmoor, 
Du I vert on. Somerset, and Alison, 
cider daughter of Dr K. and Dr S. 
M. Finney, of Beech House, 
Holmfirth, Yorkshire. 

Mr W. A. Johnston 
and Miss G. A- Moon 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs Brian Johnston, of Boundary 
Road, Si John's Wood, and Gillian, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Roger 
Moon, of Ruytoo Eleven Towns, 

Mr F.D. Level 
and Miss C S. Hkks 
The engagement is announced 
between Francis, eldest son of Dr 
and Mrs T. Level, of Hurst bo urne 
Tarrant, Hampshire, and Caroline, 
elder daughter of Mr T. P. Hicks, of 
South Ascot, and Mrs R. Hicks, of 
Ramsbury, Wiltshire. 

Mr M. J. Loxton 
and Miss J. M_ Dolby 
The engagement is announced 
between Marlin, elder son of Mr S. 
A- Loxton, and the late Mrs Loxton, 
of Colston Bassett, Nottingham- 
shire, and Julia, younger daughter of 
Mrs J. A. de C. Hill and the late Mr 
J. H. Dolby, of Wollatoa, Notting- 

Mr S. L- McCaO-McCowan 
and Mrs M. J. Walden , 

The engagement is announced 
between Samuel McCall-McCowan, 
of Holmesdale House. Mid Holm- 
wood, Surrey, and, in the near 
future, of Dalwhal, Moniaive, 
Dumfries and Galloway, and Mary 
Walden, of Jubilee Cottage, Stem- 
field, Saxmundham, Suffolk. 

Mr E. D. McPhie 
and Mbs S. J. Thornton 
The engagement is announced 
between Ewan, only son of Mr and 
Mis D. S. McPhie, of Edinburgh, 
and Sara, elder daughter of the Rev 
K_ and Mrs Thornton, of Ormsfcirk, 

Mr R.C. MBes 
and Miss J. C Buxton 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs John Miles, of Harrow, 
Middlesex, and Jocelyn, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Kenneth 
Buxton, of Woodthorpe, Notting- 

Lieutenant I. MoucrieH, RN 
and Miss M. S. McLennan 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. only son of Mr and 
Mrs D. B. -MoncrirfE of Kirkham, 
Lancashire, and Marion, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D. 
McLennan, of Lenzie, Scotland. 

The Methodist Church's "Mission 
Alongside the Poor 1 * project can justly 
Be called a success half way through its 
five-year spam and the church itself 
justly credited with having anticipated 
by three years the Church of England's 
new emphasis on the inner city. As the 
project passed its halfway mark at the 
end of December, so the funds raised 
for it reached half-way to the eventual 
£1 million target. 

It is a monument to William Blake's 
principle that anyone doing good must 
do it in minute particulars. The project 
works by spreading substantial sums of 
money around in small doses, to supply 
that little bit of extra cash that is often 
the difference between success and 
failure in countless community-based 
schemes. All are in areas of depri- 
vation, defined by the usual statistical 
criteria; not quite all are in urban areas, 
as the project's terms of reference 
include rural deprivation. 

In many cases the additional 
Methodist money is for topping op 
funds already contributed from other 
sources, whether church, local auth- 
ority, or charitable; so many of them do 
not wear a Methodist “label”, _ a 
characteristic piece of Methodist 

The decision to try to raise £1 
million pounds, both as a symbol of the 
church's concern and as an act of 
effective help, was taken at the 1983 
Methodist Conference. The report at 
the time interpreted, the mood as - 
showing “little desire to sit m 
judgement or make pronouncements , 
which is in contrast to the recent 
Anglican inner city report, and 
admitted very candidly that on the 
whole the Methodist Chuiyh had 
shallow roots among deprived people. 

“We must acknowledge that Metho- 
dism is not a church of the poor,” it 
said. “Methodism is a powerful means 
of achieving upwards social mobili- 
ty. . . One consequence of experiencing 

salvation is usually that we move 
towards the values and attitudes which 
are often described as middle class.” 

What socially mobile Methodists 
seem to take with them as they move 
up. and out, however, ;is a degree of 
responsibility for the welfare of the 
whole community. The movement 
which produced the Mission Alongside 
the Poor involved a skilful plucking at 
the strings of this social conscience, of 
which the raising of £502,000 already is 
further evidence. 

It may be dticken-feed compared 
with the billion-pound budgets of die 
Stale, but none of that was going to find 

its way to a new hearing system on 
church premises in Widaes Ho make 
premises more available for com- 
munity use,** as one citation for a 
£4,000 grant reads, nor to a “toy 
library” for the children of a Bedford 
council estate, which received £400. 

The money is raised voluntarily, 
from the pockets of the faithful with a 
pound or two to spare. It domes to the 
Rev John Richardson, director of 
Mission Alongside the Poor in London, 
who also vets applications from grants 
and has therefore built up an expertise 
on community self-help, the . sound, the, 
ambitious and the impossible. " 

Initiatives and schemes ate always' 
local: there are no van-loads of 
professionals driving in to take charge 
and “do good” to . poor neighbour- 
hoods, before moving on to the next. 
So ■ the schemes * generally reflects 
people's needs as they themselves see 

Until the “Mission.”, the history of 
Methodism's relationship with de- 
prived urban areas was one of 
withdrawal and closure as congre- 
gations dwindled and the cost of 
maintaining buildings rose. Having no 
large central reserves or investments, 
Methodist churches were reqqired'tobe 
financially self-supporting; but it was 

becoming gradually apparati-.that the. 
logical result of that would in the end 
be an exclusive concentration on the 
more prosperous parts of foe country. 

Many local schemes now receiving 
support are for foe conversion of old 
church premises to something more 
socially useful, to save them from 
closure and bring them bade .into the 
life ofthe neighbourhood. ■ - * 

The necessity for such a projects as 
the Mission.' Alongside jfoe Poor .to 
achieve this, however,' suggests short- 
comings in. foe church's basic strategy. - 

The concept of the project, separate, 
extra, and grafted on, may even seem to - 
suggest it has an optional character, as 
if thj» church's -main woric was 
something else. 

This criticism of the church's 
missionary strategy was echoed in an 
article last week in The -Methodist, 
Recorder by Mr Leon Murray, the black 
lay vicoprandent c£ the- Methodist 

' *rit seems to . me we - are only’ 
tampering with, foe old system,, when a 
more fundamental and radical change, 
is needed ... We need to make funda- 
mental and radical changes in our 
ministries both in terms of manpower 
-pnrf of finanee. We need to put more 
people money in' foe' inner cities, 
and rural circuits . ...” 

ft may be, therefore, thatthe Mission 
Alongside the Poor will eventually be 
discarded a? a first-aidrcsjxmse to the ; 
newly-perceived division ' xxf-- Britain., 
into “twonaiions”, the haves and have- 
nots. ; 

Given that foe church has found 
itself washed up on the . same shore as 
the haves, however, the organizational 
reforms needed to adapt, it' a “two 
nations” structure and strategy will be 
as hard to devise as they will be to 
implement. The alternative is to join 
the Church of En gland as another 
chaplaincy service to the better-off 

Mr J. O'Connell 
and Mbs S. C. Davey 
The engagement is announced 
between James O’Connell, of 
Kdvedon Common, Essex, and 
Susan Caroline, only daughter of Mr 
Gordon Davey and the late Mrs 
Margaret Davey, of Gloucester 
Gardens, Cockzbsters, Hertford- 

Mr M. L Reddington 
and Miss C. Younger 
The engagement is announced 
between Melvyn, son of Mr and Mis 
E. G. Reddington, of Newton, 
Derbyshire, and Christina, daughter 
of Mr and Mis W. Younger, of 
Auckland, New Zealand. 

Mr P. M. Rob&haw 

and Miss R.R.L Hanbmy 

The engagement is announced 

between Peter, son of Mr and Mrs F. 

J. Robs haw. of Finchley, London, 

and Rosie, daughter of Dr and Mrs 

D. R. Hanbury. of Midhurst, West 


and Miss C. J. Green 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of Mr and 
Mrs R. W. Tookey, of Beckenham. 
Kent, and Christine, yo unger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs M. Green, 
or Beckenham. Kent. 

Mr M. N. Weils 

and Miss K- N. M. Monunerstecg 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and Mrs 
C. D. Wells, of Letchworth. 
Hertfordshire, and Karina, ddest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs H. J. M. G. 
C. Mommcnsteeg. of Poppd, 

Mr D. G. Wfllixsa 
and Mias A C E. Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of Mr 
and Dr G. H. D. Williams, of 
“Broadway’’, Southgate. Glamor- 
gan, and Angela, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs V. G. Brown, of Sparv- 
leazc HilL Lough ton, Essex. 

Felixstowe College 
Spring Term begins today with 
'Diana Brocklebank continuing as 
head girl and Alison Miller as 
second head girl Half-term wiQ be 
Grom February 14 to 18. The 
scholarship examination for entry to 
the sixth form will be on February 
22 and external candidates may still 
apply. The school choir will sing 
evensong in tbe Cathedral Church, 
Bury St Edmunds on March 1 and a 
: joint “Songs of Praise” with the 
'Royal Hospital School will be on 
March 16- The term will end with 
the conformation service on March 
22 which will be taken by the Right 
Rev Eric Devenport, Bishop of 

Felsted School 

, Spring Term at Felsted School 
begins today. The head of school is 
T. D. Ahearne. The Bishop of 
Colchester will conduct a confir- 
mation service on February 23. 
Mozart's Requiem will be per- 
formed by the choral society in the 
Grignon Hall on February IS and 
16. The Old FestcdLm Society's 
annual dinner will be on March 14. 
Term ends on March 22. 

Forest School 

Spring Term commences today at 
Forest School. The confirmation 
service, to be taken by tbe Bishop of 
Barking, will be held on March 9. 
The corps will be inspected on 
March 5 by Lieutenant-Colonel J. 
M. Clavenng, Scots Guards. A 
choral concert will take place on 
March IS. The main entrance and 
scholarship ex amin ations will be 
held on January 23. 

Godolpbin and Latymer School 
Spring Term of Godolpbin and 
Latymer School begins today. Miss 
Margaret Rudland, formerly deputy 
headmistress of Norwich High 
School, has succeeded Miss Barbara 
Dean as headmistress. Miss Dean 
has retired after 12 years as 
headmistress and 36 years on the 
teaching staff of the schooL 

Holland Park School 
Dr Derek Rush worth, president, 
London Head Teachers.* Associ- 
ation. has retired, aged 63, from the 
headship of Holland Park SchooL 
after 14 yean. He was head of 
modem languages from the opening 
of the school in 1958, and 
Headmaster of Shoreditch School 
from 1965-1971. 

Harrogate CoOege 
Harrogate College reopens toda v for 
the Spring Term with 420 girls, 90 in 
the sixth form. lisa Gill is bead of 
schooL Half-urm is from February 
13 to 18 and term ends on March 
20 . 

Kelly College 

Easter Term begins today. The 
choral and orchestral society will 
give a performance of Bach's B 
Minor Mass on Saturday. March 15, 
and the drama dub will present 
Arthur Miller’s The Crucible on 
March 18, 19 and 20. The OK 
dinner will lake place on January 18 
at the Hurlinghain Club. Tickets are 
obtainable from P. A. Adler (Either 

The King’s SchooL Canterbury 
Lent Term begins today, jl D. McL. 
Wrench is captain of schooL Tbe 


Archbishop win hold a confirmation 
for the school in the cathedral ou 
March 9. Term win end on March 

Spring Term at Leighton Park 
begins today and will end on 
Saturday, March 22. The entrance 
scholarship examinations win be 
held on March 3, 4 and 5. Pinter's 
Night Out win be p erfo rm ed on 
February 6 and 7, and Shakespeare's 
Romeo and Juliet on March 6 , 7 and 
S. On Sunday, March 23 the 
combined Friends* Schools will 
perform Brahms’s German Requiem 
and Kodal/s Psalm us Hungarian 
in Leeds Town HalL 

Malvern CoOege 

Lent Term at Malvern College 
begins today. J. P. M. Bowtefl is 
senior chapd prefect and M.CA. 
Pougaich is junior chapel prefect 
The half term exeat is from 
February 15 to IS. The scholarship 
examination rake* place from 
February 19 to 21 and entries must 
reach the school by January 27. The 
Preparatory Schools Arts Festival 
win be held from March 14 to 16 
and will be opened by Mr David 
Davis. The combined choral 
societies of the college and Malvern 
Girfs College will pe rfor m Haydn's 
Creation in Tewkesbury Abbey on 
Friday, March 21. Term ends on 
March 22. 

Moira House 

'Easier Term begins today and ends 
on March 22. Helen Searle and Lucy 
Honey continue as school knights. 
The Tngharn scholarship and 
bursary examinations will be an 
Friday. January 31 and Saturday, 
February 1. The middle school play, 
Thq Thwarting of Baron BoBlgrew, 
win be performed on March 7 and 8. 
The annual association hockey 
tournament and the old girls’ 
reunion will be on March 16. The 
first phase of the development plan, 
tbe languages and computer centre, 
will be opened this term. 

The Oratory School 
Lent Term brains today. The school 
captain is &. T. M. Pike. Captain of 
soccer isS. B. Judge. Half-term wiQ 
be from February 1 9 to February 23. 
Confirmation by the Right Rev Leo 
McGartie wiU be on March 15. The 
school play. Twelfth Night, will be 
performed by The Cardi n al's Men 
on March 21, 22 and 23. Term ends 
on March 26. 

Otradle School 

Lent Term started yest e r day , and 
ends on Thursday, March 27. The 
half-term excat win start on 
Wednesday, February 19 and end 
on Sunday, February 23. 

Queen Ethdburgz’s School 
Spring Term at Queen Etbelbona's 
School. Harrogate, begun today. 

School. Harrogate, begins today. 
Half-term is February 20 to 25 and 
term ends on March 26. 

Lent Term starts today with S-R-O 
Lindsay (Stanley) as brad of schooL 
AJL Holmes is captain of hockey, 
WJ.M. Rose a holder of the Bigside 
Bags and G.W. Devereux is captain 
of rackets. The confirmation will be 
conducted by the Bishop of 
COwotry on Sunday, March 16. 
Terms ends on Saturday, March 22. 
St EdmnwTa College, Ware 
Term starts today and ends on 

March 23. The Right Rev B.G 
Butler, has resigned as chairman of 
the governors owing to 31 health. He 1 
.served as president of the college for 
seventeen yean. Mr John M. 
GflUjam, is the new eturirmim. 
having been a governor since 1970. 
Performances of the college play, 
The Threepenny Opera, wm. be on 
March 21 and 22. The junior school 
performances of loianthe will be on 
Much 14 and 15. The fourth annual 
half-marathon will be on March 17, 
10.30am start. 

St Edmund’s School, Canterbury 
Lent Term begins today. Miles 
Ecfcersley is captain of hockey; tbe i 
old boys’ hockey matches will bei 
played on March 2. A concert, in aid 
of the Qrve Pate Memorial Fund, 
will beheld in Canterbury Cathedral 
on February 8 and another, in aid of 
the Children’s Society, in the 
Cathedral Chapter House on March 
7. The junior school play. The 
Golden Masque of Agamemnon, wS 
be performed on Inarch 13 to 15. 
Om fi n mii on, conducted by the 
Bishop of Dover, win be hdd in the 
cathedral on Manfe 8. A 250,000 
appeal . for a sports hall was 
launched on December 21; any 
friends or old boys not on the 
current mining list who would like 
to contribute arc invited to write to 
the headmaster for a copy of the 

St Edward’s ScfaeoL Oxford 
Term starts today with Fergus 
Livingstone rem a inin g as head of 
schooL The Biship of Dorchester 
will officiate at the confirmation 
service on Sunday February 23. The 
play this term. Echoes, bon March 
13, 14 and IS. Term ends on March 
21 . 

St Joha’s SchooL Loatboxhead 

Lent Term begins today. The school 
captain » A- T. Georgiou. The 
Biship of GuUdfbrd wfil conduct a 
confirmation service on Saturday. 
March 1. The co m pe ti tion for the 
Bruinvds trophies win be held on 
Saturday, Primary 8. Term ends on 
Saturday. March 22. 

St Peter’s SchooL York 
Easter Term begins today. Thc sixth 
form m manor examination is on 
March 1 and the examin- 

ation for St Obvc's on February 1. 
This year is the centenary of the Old 
Petente Club and details of events 

may°be obtained JnmWte^ircsd 
master’s secretary. 

WdBngbomgh School 
Lent Term begins today. Mr EX C 
Humphreys has joined the staff as 
head of geography. The drama 
production tins term is The Fire 
Raisers on March 13, 14 and 15. 
The London OW dinner is at Lord’s 
on Friday, March 14 


Spring Term starts today Boarders 
returned to Wydifie College . 
yesterday. P. R. Pitman (School 
House) is head of schooL .The 
confirmation service b on Saturday, - 
March 22, and careers day b on 
Wednesday, March 26, which is the 
last fid] day of term. Fame’s 
Requiem win be performed in 
chapd on Sunday. March 23. and 
die school play. After the Rain, will 
be presented an Tuesday, March 25 
and Wedn e sday, March 26. 

Ives, who <fied oa Decc moc r 
15 in Turin aged. 83, wasSerena 
Professor ofltolwn^fo^m 
foe University of Oxford tram- 
1945 .to 1957, and Proftoor of 
Political Theory in the Umver- 
of Turinfrom 1958 to 1972.' 
-«e was a distiagwsted 
frhniar whose worics.ou medi- 
eval and Reritissanc? political 
tgfat made an imjxwtant 
contnfafoon to thosufy 
whose before*-, m • Oxford, 
attended by ^ Mndap aduite 
reading a varirty 
interpreted Continental thought 1 
with fineocy . of speech and 
richness of vocabulary. ^ - 

Alexander Fasserin qcb- 
trfcves was bom on April 26, 
1902, into ati old Piedmontese" 
family. Ho r came -from the. 
meeting 'place - of Ranee and 
Italy and was deeply in fl uen c ed 
by -foe cultures of both .coun- 
tries- • ' : ; M ' ’ 

...In 1926,. he went on a’. 
Rockefeller Fellowship to Bal- 
Roli where- he chose Richard 
Hooker as : the subject for iris 
focsis .lor;- a doctorate of 
philo sophy: He refomedto Italy' 
m -1929; mat of all as a lecturer 
m hi* old iinxvcKStty of Turin, 
thea to a-chair in Messina and 
afterwards to MSlaa. , 

. ’ England remained, almost a 
second' country to him, and in returned *o Oxford to 
deliver . a course ‘of lectures, 
a fte r war ds published : by the 
University Press as The Medi- 
eval Contribution to Political 
Thought. '■ " , : - 

The warout acrosshis Anglo- 
Italian relationships. A liberal 
by conviction^ he had often- 
been outspoken in his univer- 
sity classes: a devoted Italian,’' 
his sympathies yet lay entirdy 
with the 'Allies against' the . 
Fascist ii6gup*C 
Called- up fix-- intelligence 
work, he was soon-ieteased as z 

university teacfaerj and event- 
ally retired to the <dd vag^z x 
keep at Eatrtvcs ncaritS! 
southern dopes of Mt Blanc. 

V Here.. Ire bec ame a leadim. 
figure in the oigaoxgation nfaS 
Italian patfrans.. , Theft 
moments of fla u ga; which hw 
wife few* 

coolness as be tdmseff On «£ 

liberation he became foe Pm. 

English .officer who, came IS 

interview. hnn with tTf-waj » 
Baffiot, where wereyott?” - . 


There he interested 

Italian studies . and 

Gl° ri 

as a Political Thinker, as Weil as 
the earlier reflectibiis pn tfe.’i 

Ui$s. . v.’ 

His deepest intoreat lnj 

in*^e of 

definition ofthe Serena 1 chair, 
be bega n to fe d a . potential 
conflict between his own bent 
and ItaEan Tcq tiu ti u e nts : » 
Oxford-; , 

In 1957 Mresigoetiand went 
10 Turin to take up '■ 

Political Theory. The period 
until hue leta emenf ■ 

The Notion ai ' the -.StaUt An < 
Introduction to Pohtiati Theory 
in English, as wefl ax btfaer 
palfficatkms vin Ifefian and 
XxtndL ; 

D’Entrtyes hadtiie courtesy 
of a' past aso mid an exacting 
acrupuloumessin aHrmttterectt 
ctmductr Modest and nnaxser- 
tiver- as he.. was, .'his'' strong 
prmcipfes and iniqtity: wan 
him wide nespect in his native 
YaUey, in- tire nniyettitks of 
Italy and. in . the- Common 
Rooms of Oxford. 

He married, -in 1931 j . Nina 
Beararid’Orsaia. * 


Mr Bariy T. Afianah, . "vrfio lisboh and Madeira. Aquih 
died in London' on Janodoy 8, was the first British private 
agbd 72, was &:|noiieer and airiinc after llre war to reccivr ct-^ 

The Bishop of Durham the 
Right Rev David Jenkins, 
has been elected an 
htmorary fellow of .St 
Chad's- College, Durham 
.. Universfty. ' 


Sir Edmund FxhfiiXrLucy - 
and L»dy t a cind m Lwabton ~ 

Tbe . marriage took place - ia 
Wanridcdme. on Saturday, January 
11 between Sr Edmund' Faarfiu- 
Lucy, : Bt, of Qiariecote .Park; 
Warwick, and Lady ' Lucinda 
Lambten, of Tire Old Rectory, 

' Hedgeriey, Buriringham shire. 

Mr JL A. Flrnotoo-WHIiains 
aad Mba M. L Cnant 
Tbe marriage look place on 
Saturday at St Martin's, Jyndon, df 
Mr Richard FlnnstourWiunims, son 
of Mrs Gordon Knnston- Williams, 
of Bentley, Hampshire, and the late 
Mr Ftnnstoo-Wjfiiama, and Mi» 
Melanie Conan t, danghter of Sir 
John Conant, Bt, and the late.Lady 
Conanr, of Lyndon Hall, Oakham. 
Tbe Rev Peter Milkr officiated. 

The bride, who wax given in 
mar ri ag e by her lather, war attended 
by Helen Thorp. Antonia and 
Belinda Haywood and ‘ Victoria 
Thompson. Mr Peter Radforo was 
best man. 

Mr R. I. Crichton 
and Mtoi EL A. Befikarington 
Tbe marriage took place at St Paul’s 
Church, Colwyn Bay r on Sanuday. 
ofMr Russel Crichton, el d est son of 
Mr and Mrs Maurice Crichton, of 
Upkwmoor, Renfrewshire, and 
Mat Elizabeth _ HeOtenogua,. 

of Mr and Mm Charles 

in the British travel industry, antin&to'cmjrfoy^yiag boats. : .'■s®? 
According to Sir TWer Mase- ; . Aqu2a, also ptoneawi fiyug 2®-'.*-'.'. 
field, ■ former Chairman ' of boat passenger . service to 
British European Ahwaysj he Genoa, Capri, foe Canary ‘ ' 

was “the- last great exponent o£ Islands and in-1952, evento foe' & " - 
tire British flying boat.” JalManda, Shortly after its ^ : r ; 

The son of Tertms Thomson founding jAqmla was asked by - W • 

Aikman, he was born in focF Q rt^pffirotopaxticij»te • 
London onMarohJH, 1913 and m the Berim Aidrft, - 

educated at Stowe School and «U,;from Hambtng to Weti.jsu : 
Worcester Cbllege, Oxford. He Cedin’® nog.wr; 

developed a Itfe^onft interest in .fohon of ;foese^acti^es^Au- r 

aviation at Oxford, yfoeris: he manreKayedthe 1950-1 Brads- :r- * : 
flew during 1931-1933 with foe fc* Trophy one of -Bnlifo 5 -r " 

Oxford ^ Univereity ' Air. ayratiqns>hi^hest.awatA. _ - - j 
Squadrott. ^ - : ' he rragned from ■ 

1 io-io - . .. Aqiiila Airways, which ceased - . 

COTm^Medm 193Jwith opexsnkms a, year jater, and-su:\;: 

forixredhu own company in tte 5. V.;-. 
fotiustry. He served op ^ . 

the council oftheAssodation 

CMatoLOonmoand «ad, flymg JBritish Travd Agents, and in. 

Mosqm^pro- 1976 ^ efectedTBnnan of 
Gtrild of Busma* Travel 
w ^,- 1 i Bnsport Agents, an. association of S3 
^ major travel agftnriw: 

iSS JhL SS British travd trade: 

tire rank He sold foe business in 1977, 
oftfoig-ccM^xnai^of. but remained active .in that 

In 1948 .he 'fonrided ~Aqitila sphere, and was appointed a 
Airways, a privately " owned. Fellow of the Guud for dis- 
mdependent 'airline ;whkfa the tinguished service, 
following year bram regular . He leaves a wife and three 
services .from Southampton to children. ’ 


Mr. Sid C^din, a Durham 
minis-- who turned from life in 
the pits .to writing; died on 
January II. He was 69. Short 
stories and novels flowed, freely 
from his typewriter, shforing a 
keen observation of his own 
background, below and above 
ground. His best : acclaimed 
novel The Day of : the Sardine, 
came in 1961 after a decade of 

Chaplin, who came of a 
minmg fcmly, started work in 




London, 34-35 New Bond Street, 
W1A 2AA Td: (01) 493 8080 

Twer. 14th: 10.30 am and 2.30 pm: 
Primed Books. 

Weds. 15 th: 10 JO am: Antique and 
Decorative Furniture. 

Sofoebyb Conduit Street Sales 

Thun. J6th: 1030 am and 2.30 pm: 
British and European Paintings, 
■Watercolours, Drawings, 
and Prints. 

Sussex, Summers Place. BQlingsbunt, 
RH14 9 AD Tel: ((M0381) 3933 

Mon. 13th: 2 pm: Medals, 
Weapons, Mflteria and Rref-ms. 
Tues. 14th: 10^0 am: Antique and 
Modem Furniture and Effects. 

Classical Antiquities from Private 
Collections in Great Britain 
A loan exhibition in aid of the 
Afhmole Archive to be held in tbe 
Riddell Gallery, Sotheby's, London, 
from Wednesday 15th to Friday 31st 
January; Monday to Saturday, 9 am 
to 5 JO* pm: Sundays 2.30 to 
5JJ0 pm. 

‘Rule Britannia!* 

A loan exhibition of Marine Works 
of An and Printings to be hdd at 
Sotheby’s in London in aid of the 
RNU. Open from tomorrow until 
Wednesday 29th January; Monday 
to Saturday. 9 am to 5.30 pm; 
Sundays, 2.30 to 5.30 pnt 
Entrance free but a donation for the 
RNU would be gratefully received. 
Illustrated catalogue £2. 

Chester, Cheshire CHI ZNA 
TeL [0*244) 315531 

Hies. 14du 1 1 am: Silver, Silver 
Kate and Jewellery. 

Weds. 15th: 1 1.30 am; European 
and Oriental Ceramics, Glass and 
Works of Art. 

Thun. 16th: 10.30 am and 2.30 pm 
at Saltney Saleroom: Textiles, 18th 
and 19th Century Furniture, 

Wfeffcx of Art, Bronzes and 
Sculpture, Barometers, docks and 

FrL 17th: il am: Printings, 
Drawings and Vtocrcolijun. 

12 noon at Salnwy Saleroom: 
Eastern Carpets and Rugs- 

F« infemuiipq wid help ia bktfag at afl Loudon and owwi saki. jdeasc triephne Jofaa Priare- "S* (0*1 

Science report 

How aquatic life can 
help pollution battle 

By Graft How Davies 

A raw tjatum tor rl— ilfji t BdtdaV 
rben tana 38 Astinct tna nUek m 
Htouifitble w the htofe ef foe Species 
of craUnts, foer aMsta, has beta 
derited bjr the Freshwater Bfa ta gkri 
AMoristhw . 

It ontid he a ndesMe sai hr deteefing 
ithcnai urn iw tilntfa a to riven, 
frm such semes as cbnrinh «r 

SoratiHB wffl he elerM to rarfUe 
UMtJwirai irahy iheahwa at specks 

sattkiybc to iraDitiaa, which they 
fomxat foodd aorandly he fiand at ■ 
rite with certain — t— iH f fi 

th i imnlMhs . 

He sw ec iad ra kn sprat seres 
years deridog n mere predse 
e totrinrafl aa ma a wuriri aa s 

hreakforeegh in river taw. Preriow 
sebeaes based ea foe fish raeefes to he 
tmd ia i section cf ftmv'dmeped fis 
the UaM Stotts n4 Earns, have rat 

lavalved M eloak to . may ot . there 
seeking far regfeul water arehoriries, 
tskta* asandre hi spring, nrareer rad 
arerera frm 370 anpei^ ritos m 61 
river nrHii final the Corel to 
Cornwall to foe Tkaree in CaifoMss- 
In ifl. ream Ou 7M dUere* 
■pedes at h vert etostes went ms nledj 
betofira serenti pw ri— i ii y mkmnmi 
to Rrhm. An sversge of between Wi 
ari 90 tofnlshiate spedm were M 

of agaatk Be Has 

chares hectare tf the variety a t 
to vre ttia to spades bread at neatritos 
sad foot OBeriag cuvlnaianudal 
wtahwai a nto . Thh i rashfaa ahes to he 
AicriW in UtUy citfiff ta. 

The pcpject was pahl for hr foe 
Pc p a n reraf of the Ea yfr asree at and ft 

Sp eci es sac h as mayfly mi ca iCa 
fly were cha ra ct eri st ic af wpbtnd 
rite s, and frealnnweg h o g ja ss e aret- 
^MwibgjBn tony 

had altos. A total of 30,009 
necks records were mdc. I 
The skas wait fMdci according 
to to va m hratos fond at flrere Into 
30 typo. Each tote ires tbea 
terther d efi ne d by qi to 28 
nphraatsM fcstaiaa 
Using n re k ioce ap nter. sdan- 
tires foered toy conld sccnatcly 
predict , tbe spedas which afaoald 
be. presaari In say new rets. Tb* 
abseawe af sp a d i ev expected an to 
(band conld jadkate ca et a rnf - 

novelist of the North Country. 

The book deals tenderly and 
compassionately with Tyneside 
shun dwellers. A bright and 
subtle observation pervades the 
story as its central character, 16- 
year-old Arthur, tells bis story 
with a blend of simplified 
Geordie-isms and Hollywood 

- With foe. appearance .of The 
Watchers, and the. Watched a 
year later there wpre signs that 
-• 10 lire 

envelope, by Tburaday,- Jstmary 16, 
1986. Tickets wiU be posted on 
Friday January 24, 1986. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Craigie . AHchison. 60; Air 
Marshal Sir John Baker-Cur. 80; Sr 
Johannes Bfelke-Aetcxaeii, 75: Mr 
Rsdurd Blackford, 32; Mr Midud 
Bond, 60; Dr Sy doty Brenner, 59; 
Major-General B. P. Hughes, 83; Sir 
Alan Lnbbodc, 89; lor Bernard 

Shrimdey, 55; Mr K, C Turpin* 7 L 

Medical OfQcecs of Schools Axaod- 


The Medical Officers of Schools 
Association' held its annual dinner 
at Dnlwjcb Cofiegs on Saturday. Dr. 

Ihfo* i ^ 1 fJJ 


est abli s he d as a prominent 

Apiraintmeiite in the . 

ASSreffeuriw in 

saw’s back: 


Smith MtJwttumi p^win | -|i anriiinn > 
raid the lesion, , and Alexandra 
Pitman, . . g ran ddau g hte r; v toad 

Desiderata. Sir Marcut; Wofoy 
gave a& address, 5*. i: 




4 ; ..^ 

r- . 

j"- Wih 

.. " « ?. ^ a 

: . v.*w 1 W5 

r " -■ ■* »**v uivuuv vmwvvjl mi \«*o“v T 

triumphs, the controversies and the eccentrics of the E.S.C. 

in turmoil 


I love the Royal Court -Theatre in a 
way f shalt never love any other; in" 1 
ihe way that John Gielgud must love ' - 
the QM Vic — . and no. young, -- 
--Si? W «mld ever love tfaeBarfa ican or the ; 
• *’- C^aS?* National Theatre. Party faecatae’af ''*■ 
its significance in the most formative^ 

; - 2* Period of my career, party because of 

;■ " Taotj the perfect sfze of its stage .'aid 
i- auditorium, . which- can encompass •" 
- ■“ -.the intimacy pf Beckett andthc epic 
ft. scale orBond’s Lear, peitaps a lifrie 
for the memories* glonous past 
under GranYffle-B&rker, but mostfor 
the richness of the woric that grew out . - 
of the combination and the da sh of > 
foe talents there, -- • - 

I was not a part of the w 
team that started the English 
Company ia ; 1956, but i Jaw aD- 
opening productions ‘and I knew 
abom all the stages of planning and 
foe crises of the first year - through my 
friendship with Tony ‘ Richardson. 
Tony is a perverse, brilliant and 

- ^ 



; ^ ■ s tim u latin g man vs*ho ' was 

*■ Tmnnrtflnf a 

important a figure in the early days 
as George Devine. He stood for 
^enterprise, new ideas and exploit 
tation- of suocess, arid was ambitious 
for a future in film a (he how lives in 
Xos Angeles); George stood for 
tradition, " craftsmanship and the 
nurturing of talent. - 

Tony - would provoke btm at 
management meetings by saying - 
things like “We don’t want any of 
that St Denisrubhish-in this theatre** 

(Michel St Denis was George's old 
mentor). George would scowl and 
mutter -and Peggy Ashcroft, also on 
the committee, .would burst but in 
impassioned defence. The assist ant 
directors (Lindsay Anderson, John 
Dexter and myself) were somewhere' 
between the two and formed a caucus 
protecting the new writers, Arnold 
Wesker, Ann JeDicoe, N. F. Simpson 
and John Arden. Perhaps thi« was. 

‘ Si: '.part of 'George's and . Tony’s plan’ 

. . \7 ..The .emotional tensions held the 
% ‘theatre together when they should 
’ ‘".T'.* 3 - have pulled it apart 

• I had -arrived at the Court as 
.. i:.-C Tony’s protfg* at the end' of 1957 anri 

"-i ::r=r7 'and after the success of a Sunday „ 

..T - .niaht oecage m toe middle of the night. He 

” a 5s 




GasldU allied, apparently, with the Government of the day after the first night of Macbeth: Nicholas Garland's view 

Dafy Totegraph cartoon 



West End mid was on Broadway by 
the end of the- year, produced by 
David Merrick and Josh Logan. The 
Royal Court directorate seemed to 
spend half its titrw frying back and 
forth across the Atlantic, just as Max 
Stafford-dark does now. Without its 
earnings from Broadway the ESC 
would not have survived those early' 
years. The cast of George Dillon and I 
wailed for the New York notices at a 
huge party in Josh Logan’s apart- 
ment. Suddenly the room emptied — 
the -notices had arrived and a group 
of English actors were left isolated 
and slightly hysterical X rang up 

-Johnnie Johnstone or some other 
official. George says he ouce had to 
discuss a new play with the 
Chamberlain in full Court regalia: 
“We all know that this line means 
he's going to roger the riri.” We even 
had a reading of Endgame for his 
Lordship with George mumbling 
through “the bastard, he doesn't 
exist", which was the cause of the 
licence being withheld. 

fmaliy wrested the club from Freud 
and after various moves I was 
housed at' the end of the corridor next 
to the literary manager and the 
casting director. Nothing that hap- 
pened at the Court was ever secret; if 
an actor whom I did not like was 
suggested in the casting office I 
would bellow down the corridor 

i-; s - night “production-without-d6cor" 

was invited to join the staff I was 
- ‘ ^ immediately fold to direct the early 

- : 'T V Osborne-Oeighton play Epitaph for 
: s* y George Dillon, mainly,' I think, 
'because no one else wanted to do it. 
was a three-act play with two 
. intervals and very effective curtain- 
lines - and there was a curtain, in 
. those days which was always used, 

• _ • "•--made of very tatty plum, velvet. As in 
. . ' “7 rep company the technical 

;*J rehearsal would start with the 
’■* - National Anthem, the f atting of the 
■ -i-\. • house-lights and music from some 

* >• -wheezy panatrope. Aiid the’ curtain 
'•-'--tyoiild rise. We sometimes struggled 

• :^w" :iwith the lighting ourselves but more 

; ---Often than not George would bo in 
‘^-charge (there were no prima-donna 

• *7 ^lighting designers in those days). The 
: - ^change-over, set-apandlighting were 
;• :^on Saturday night; technical re*. 

sheared on a Sunday and public dress ' 
..* *• “ rehearsals on the Monday; opening 
: rs: on the Tuesday.. / . ' 

; The play had a brief run in the 

as well as playing Hamm, showing 
the work to Sam Beckett and 
vj wags in iup muuuic ui luc iiigni iic . interrupting his performance with 
said “Don’t worry, boy, there's a lot questions about the lig hting ; the stage 
to do back here” and I knew there management; until Sam very gently 

"Not in my theatre” - arrogant 
maybe, but it shows how immediate 

^ , . . _ the contact was between depart- 

We sat and watched George, very ments, something denied to a larger 


was. Back lb that shabby old theatre 
in Sloane Square where the real work 
was being done. 

' United against a . 
common enemy 

. That year (1958). the critics 
savaged the work of the new writers: 
Ann JeHiqpe, Jqhn Arden and Harold 
Phaser. JQeilh Johnstone, who had 
suffjered himself. wrote a blistering 
play called The Nigger Hunt equating 
the, critics, with the race mobs of 
Notting HilL Ken Tynan was very 
upset. We were ranted against a 
common enemy. 

The other enemy was the Lord 
Qmmberiain, • and I was soon 
inyoJved io the repeat scenarios of 
the visit ;to the back office in St 
James's - Palace to see Colonel 

-.-took oyer the reins and directed the 
play himself Beckett’s love for 
George was one of the many strands 
of. loyalties (and disloyalties) which 
made up the Court. There were so 
many broken marriage that at one 
time it was known as the Royal 
Divorce Court and these realign- 
ments were all connected with the 
. work. Reporters hid in a cupboard in 
the rehearsal room when Orson 
Welles was directing Olivier • and 
Joan j Plowright-' and . it was their 
marriage which symbolized the 
union of the old and ihe new. 

Space at the Court has always been 
limited, but in those days there was 
no Theatre Upstairs - it was a supper 
club rtm by Clement Freud with a bar 
where the general office now is. 
George lived in a ' tiny office off the 
circle bar; the switchboard and all the 
secretaries were bundled into one 
room. When I took over in 1965 we 

When I took over the direction of 
the Court in 1965 George had 
exhausted himself and collapsed 
during A Patriot for Me. the most 
spectacular of all Court productions. 
There were so many actors in it they 
had to dress not only under the stage 
but in the sub-sub-basement. Excited 
by two years with a permanent 
company at the Old Vic, I took the 
Court back to its beginnings - new 
plays, in repertoire with a resident 
company. Ann Jellicoe’s Shelley 
opened the season and bombed, so 
did the second play, N. F. Simpson's 
The Cresta Run : I was third with 
Bond’s Saved, which should have 
lived up to its name, but it unleashed 
the moral fury of the critics, 
including Irving Wardle (who later 
recanted). I knew I was right and they 
were wrong. So did everyone else 
who worked in the theatre. Olivier 
swung into the attack with a great 
article in The Observer and Ken 
Tynan, and Mary McCarthy led a 
teach-in on the play. We were back at 
.the centre of things. The Lord 
Chamberlain was a gain st us, the 

ennes were against us, but 
fellow-workers were with us. 

The next three years saw a 
succession of battles with the Lord 
Chamberlain, who took us to court 
over Saved (we were found guilty but 
conditionally discharged); with the 
Press over my production of 
Macbeth with Alec Guinness and 
Simone Signoret; and over the 
casting of Marianne Faith full in The 
Three Sisters. When swinging Lon- 
don arrived the theatre was strategi- 
cally placed to be part of it and we 
gave David Hockney his first chance 
as theatre designer with Ubu Rot 

There were internal battles too. 
Neville Blond, the chairman of the 
council, appalled by the storms 
raging about the theatre he had 
fought so long to keep financially 
solvent, tried to get rid of me, but the 
calm objectivity of George Harewood 
prevailed and I stayed. It was my first 
experience of establishment politics 
when George rewrote the minutes of 
the meeting to conceal the rift from 
the Arts Council or posterity. 

They were turbulent years, perhaps 
most personified by the late Victor 
Henry, an actor we used many times. 
He was scheduled to play the young 
Arnold Wesker to lan McKellen's old 
one in Their Very Own and Golden 
City. At a late stage in rehearsals we 
decided to let McKellen play both. 
During the dress rehearsal broken 
glass showered on the stage - it was a 
very drunk Victor with Dennis 
Waterman in the lighting grid. 
Dennis was replaced by Ken 
Cranham in his first job. 

Victor disappeared but came back 
to play many performances, not least 
in Peter Gill’s great productions of 
the D. H. Lawrence plays. Peter 
himself collapsed at the dress 
rehearsal and was rushed into 
hospital with perforated ulcers but 
summoned Judy Parfitt to his 
bedside where she was directed in 
whispers so the nurse would not hear. 

I suppose this period ended on the 
last night of Early Morning (also an 
embattled play), when we had a drag 
balL My general manager, production 
manager and associate director 
appeared as the Supremes; Ken 
Cranham won the beauty contest as a 
rocker in plastic mini-skirt and with 
an Alice band in his Hair . 

Freedom gained, 
bat work split 

The Bond season of 1969 was 
possible because of the Theatres Act. 
which removed pre-censorship and 
marked the end of an era in more 
ways than one; it coincided with the 
beginnings of the Fringe, whereby 
experimental work was shuffled off 
into venues (not theatres) where it 
would not upset anyone or lose 
money; I acquiesced in this move by 
turning thetold dub into the Theatre 
Upstairs. We had gained our freedom 
but the work was henceforth to be 
split I was tired after four years of 
struggle and asked Lindsay Anderson 
and Anthony Page to share the 

running of the theatre with me. 
which accentuated the divergence of 
the Court’s work. It was an 
enormously successful period in the 
Court's history with Lindsay': 
productions of David Storey's plays 
and many, many stars - Gielgud. 
Richardson and Scofield at last 
catching up with the avant garde. 

I made one last despairing effort to 
reconcile the outburst of experimen 
lal theatre with the main line in 
vast festival in 1 970, Come Together. 
We ripped the stalls out of the old 
house, built a new stage, put the 
audience at the back; Bill Bryden 
persuaded pop groups to play for 
peanuts (perhaps the beginning of his 
promenade theatre) and every fringe 
group in existence was invited to 
appear. Stuart Brisley vomited from 
a scaffolding lower while the 
National Anthem was played back- 
wards, Peter Dockley's Foul Fowl 
had creatures crawling through foam 
in hen-coops with live bens, miked 
over the whole building. 

On their first night The People 
Show threw oranges at the critics and 
a tethered rabbit upset a pot of paint 
on the new stage-cloth. The whole 
costly venture was made possible by 
the success of Christopher Ham 
pton’s The Philanthropist in the West 
End, just as the Bond season had 
been made possible by two Osborne 
plays. The theatre and I were 
approaching schizophrenia. The 
performance an moved away and 
withered and most of the other 
groups returned to their precarious 
existence on tour. 

My inability to reconcile what I 
felt to be equally vital but different 
elements in the theatre eventually 
meant I had to leave. Later with Max 
StafFord-Clark I began work for Joint 
Stock, which Edward Bond railed 
"the Royal Court in exile”; I do not 
think that is really accurate - the 
Court has never been a purist theatre 
committed to one kind of play or one 
directorial style. From the beginning 
it employed the biggest stars as well 
as the newest talent. The experience 
of Joint Stock was to find once again 
the conditions in which actors, writer 
and director could be equally 
involved in the creation of a play. I 
like to think that some of the theatre- 
craft that I had learnt at the Court 
was absorbed by Max in our Joint 
Stock work together and that he 
brought it back with him when he 
took over the Court in 1980. It is that 
balance of theatre-crafts that I hope 
to find again when I return to direct 
Howard Barker’s version of Women 
Beware Women at the Royal Court 
next month. 

■i -- z ■ 


XMn Cummins 

^ ! ~=As Yon Likelt 

Royal Exchange, 

» I \PLIN Manchester - . : 

- '"The main challenge feeing the 
^'director Nicholas Hytner and 
•.::-"’f;histieagner Di Seymour in As 
' You Like It lies, in cultivating 
. " 'the Forest of Arden in the 
;::ts %riddJe of the Royal Exchange’s 
-high-tech heptagon. This is 

adueved, initially, ' through 
dappled fighting and ah extra- 
prdmary tangle of russet wool 
dang lin g from the central 
fighting . grid, from which 

crisply unpleasant 

< An exhilarating* 

4 portrait of 
. AND 

< ...PLAYED TO v 
} THE HILT by J 
i Stephen Moore, ► 
H Tim Curry, K 

< Neil Daglish, l 
^ Michael Bryant, ► 
-Sara Kestelman,^ 

and * 
- Sallv Dexter . 


- v lfttetotTOiugnt« 

C-'" . Wedat 7.45. Tbmor at 

- * ' V'ZrfS 2,15 & £45. Then Jan 21 

descent of trailing catkins. The Howey’s 
remainder of the evening is Duke. 

overiit Mr Howey’s peremptory 

Another concomitant of the^banishment of Rosalind and 
rutting season (for this is, after Celia comes when the two 
polystyrene snowflakes nsherin all, a well-written fertility play) chums are engaged in a 
winter. is. that the characters emerge frolicsome pillow fight, clad in 

After the interval, the thaw is dressed from tip to toe in soap- fetching white nighties. Let us 
represented by a sheet of white powder-commercial white - a not beat about the undergrowth: 
silk' being, whipped away to contrast to the hippy-harvest this is why -we are here. As one 
disdose green tumufi, each large motley of their winter clothing of the tallest members of the 
enough to conceal a brace of and, more significantly, to the company, Janet McTeer makes 
gooseberry-players (which cer- totalitarian grey of Dnke Fred- a natural Rosalind, and her 
tainly makes a change from crick’s court where everyone startled expressions, her witty 
plywood tree trunks inside a dresses like a Comintern chauf- playfulness, her air of being at 
proscenium arch) and by the feur, not excepting David once less than and considerably 

■ - - • •• more than the role, enable her 

to carry it off supremely well. 

Already a draw in her own 
right. Miss McTeer will no 
doubt become a considerable 
star — it was she, with help from 
Harold Innocent and others, 
who saved The Grace of Mary 
Traverse from descending into 
farce. If it is possible for 
someone .to be graciously 


Lear, the painter poet 

.. Ecta^ ban Khanei^Crcto inscribed and 

• . 9 sunset - 6 P-M-\ wanerccioar, x in. 

Sold at Christie’s for ^15,120 

Not an owl or a pussycat in sight, httt that didn't 
; of j£5 notes. 

• .ifyouoro watercolours or drawings which may 
beaf value, Ghnsrie’sare always wflhng to provide 
a -tialuarijm-fir sale or insurance purposes. Our 
staff can also advise which of our international 
salerooms is HLdy to attract the best prices for 
.particular works. Christie’s arc holding a rale of 
Hne Enghsh Drawings and Wi tricolours on 
18 Martdi. Closing date for entries is 17 January. 

For furdker information please contact 
NbclArinesiey, Anthony Browne or Charles Nugent. 

8 Emg Street, St James’s, London SW1Y $QT 
lei: (01) 839 9060 Telex: 916429 

gawky, then that is what she is, 
and no more so than in her 
twitting of Duncan Bell's 
sterling Orlando. 

Suzanne Burden's Celia 
makes an adequate foil to Miss 
McTeer’s coltishness, although 
the two of them have yet to feel 
their way fully through the key 
scenes: the technique is all 
there, but for the moment 
technique is all they give us. It 
might be a good idea to wait for 
spring, when the company will 
take the whole show - stage, 
seating and all - on a tour of 
provincial sports centres. 

In the crucial minor roles, 
Raad Raw's Jaques is a cipher 
(his "seven ages” speech takes 
place in a vacuum) and Richard 
McCabe’s Touchstone exemp- 
lifies the most tedious aspects of 
Shakespearian comedy. 

Martin Cropper 

Fine foils in the making; Suzanne JBnrden's 
Celia (left), Janet McTeer's Rosalind 


PLG Young Artists 

Purcell Room 

Normally in these Park Lane 
Group recitals one looks for 
promise, not for the fully 
mature accomplishment shown 
cm Friday by toe pianist Victor 
Sangiotgio. His programme 
suggested a quite particular 
taste, for music more than a 
little overblown: Sorabjfs Fan- 
taisie espagnote and Cyril 
Scott’s Second Sonata were the 
main works. This might have 
been an excuse for splashy 
grandiloquence, but of that 
there was none. 

Mr Sangioigio gave a close 
definition and new-won excite- 
ment to every detail, so that 
Scott’s arabesques were not 
superfluous gestures but whole 
musical events, -keenly alive. 
Both works also proved Mr 
Sangioigio to be a musician of 
intellectual stamina. The pur- 
pose of the Scott Sonata was 
never lost in decoration or 
bombast, anti one arrived at toe 
final fugue as if aQ before had 
been closely argued prelude. 
Then in that fugue toe virtu- 
osity was breathtaking. Mr 
Sangioigio also brought musical 
life to John McCabe’s Para- 
phrase on Mary Queen of Scots. 

Pity toe musicians who had 
to appear on the same pro- 
gramme. Katey Thomas, in her 
playing "of flute solos' by 
Maxwell Davies, Berio , and 
Dtmcan_ iFraser, . appeared .a. 
demure artist, unwilling to 

explore very far. She has a nice 
sense of line, but toe Dutilleux 
Sonatina, eojoyably ac- 
companied by Graham Jackson, 
brought breathiness at high 

The saxophonist Martin 
Robertson made more of an 
impression. In Berio's Sequenza 
IXb he had not adjusted to the 
scale of toe hall, and his tone 
was sometimes too coarse for 
this trickily easeful journey 
around memory loops. His 
other alto work, Denisov's 
Sonata, found him more sensi- 
tive, and ably partnered by 
Anthony Gray, but the piece 

caied toe affection in which he 
is held in toe music world. The 
concert .itself was nicely devised 
to show us something of toe 
range of Bush's music, toe fruit 

impressive statement - musi- 
cally wonderfully rich and 
inventive, and profoundly af- 
firmative in attitude. The 
Winter Journey for soloists. 

of more than half a century of chorus and instruments 

creative and political commit- 

Proceedings began with Dia- 
lectic, a single movement for 
string quartet written as early as 
1929, which revealed Bush’s art 
to us with remarkable complete- 
ness: there is no mistaking his 
technical mastery of his chosen 
idiom, nor the music's inspired 
and humane discourse. It is 
obviously not easy to play, but. 

movingly projected the Christ- 
mas story into the setting of a 
modem city, and Bush himself 
played us his Relinquishment 
and Six Short Pieces for solo 
piano (very capably too). 

The feeling at the heart of this 
memorable evening is best 
summed up by the words of 
Milton in Voices of the Pro- 
phets: “So at length the spirit of 
man will reach out till it fills toe 

itself is a dismal hotch-potch of if toe Medici Quartet had »mc whoIe world with its divine 
neoclassicism- unanoenlinp u „<* _• .. cmvitnKs ** Humanitv’s iraelc- 

neocjassicism, unappealing 
chords (in the largely solo slow 
movement) and jamness. And 
there was jazz, too, behind 
Michael Henry’s thoroughly 
enigmatic Say Are for Me for 
soprano saxophone. 1 much 
preferred toe quirky, charming 
Sarabande from Mark-Anthony 
Tumage, also for soprano 
saxophone and piano, with 
important parts for desk bells. 

Paul Griffiths 

Alan Bush 
Queen Elizabeth Hell 

problems of intonation, they 
conveyed the work's overall 
design most convincingly. 

The cantata Voices of the 
Prophets for tenor and piano, 
ably performed by Philip 
Langridge and Lionel Friend, 
turned out to be an even more 

greatness.” Humanity's track- 
record since the Stone Age, and 
in this century in particular, 
may have caused us to lose sight 
of such an ideal; Bush's music 
makes us believe that, some- 
how, it is still attainable. 

Malcolm Hayes 




Everyman (BBC I) was con- 
cerned with those Americans 
who call themselves “Surviva- 
lisis**, because they are training 
themselves to exist in some 
future world where "law and 
order” have broken down. Of 
course this preparation for 
chaos, as they obsessively live 
through the implications of 
their own fears, may be 
dismissed as paranoia or as 
some strained outcrop of 
religious millennianism. But 
last night's documentary sug- 
gested that toe phenomenon 
was rather more interesting 
than that - interesting in toe 
sense that these apparently 
“ordinary” people exhibit fears 
which most people to some 
extent share. 

It could be said that toe 
Survivalists understand more 
forcibly than usual toe common 
perception that “civilization” is 
a very fragile thing, capable of 
being blown away in a moment. 
These Americans have looked 
into toe horror, as it were, and it 
was instructive that one of their 
leaders is a Vietnam veteran. 
None of this serves to justify 
their maniac preoccupation 
with weapons of every kind, 
and in any case toe pursuit of an 
obsession is never very charm- 
ing to watch. 

Certainly none of the people 
involved m last night’s film 
would be one’s immediate 
choice of friend, but this was a 
consistently interesting pro- 
gramme and for once toe 
technique of "d ramatize d docu- 
mentary” - with toe awful 
warning that the participants 
“play themselves in scenes that 
depict their own lives” - did not 
become offensive. 

Architecture at toe Cross- 
roads (BBC2) seemed to come 
down rather heavily against 
architectural “modernism”: 
"Where did our ideas about 
architecture go wrong?” was the 
fashionable lament, with the 
concomitant demand for more 
“humaneness” in toe use of 
space. But this viewer was not 
convinced: ideas do not "go 
wrong”, they merely change; 
and 1 suspect that the anim us 
against toe "modem move- 
ment” is only a new species of 
cultural atavism that will pass 
as surely as modernism itself 

Peter Ackroyd 

There were two reasons why toe 
BBC2 Arena programme's res- 
toration of Shostakovich's orig- 
inal music score for toe Russian 
silent film New Babylon was 
important. The first was that 
this 1929 classic - telling toe 
bloody story of toe 1871 Paris 
commune in a virtuosic, if 
highly propagandist, montage of 
fact and symbol - could be 
viewed in toe complete form 
that its makers, Kozintsev and 
Trau berg, originally intended. 

The 23-year-old Shostako- 
vich’s score, written in three 
weeks and orchestrated in six 
days. ' went far beyond the 
capabilities of Russian cinema 
orchestras, and was mocked by 
audiences. It was only redis- 
covered after toe composer’s 
death, and edited and directed 
for this showing by toe Israeli 
conductor Orori Hadan Un- 
fortunately toe playing by toe 
“London Lyric Orchestra" 
demonstrated the music’s diffi- 
culty only too welL 
The second reason, more 
s ignifican t to musi cians, was the 
opportunity toe film provided 
to cross-check some of toe 
many speculations about toe 
political “meaning” of Shosta- 
kovich’s orchestral music. 
Observing, for instance, the 
deadly sarcasm with which the 
composer linked grotesque 
parodies of Offenbach's La 
Belle H£l£ne waltz to images of 
the bourgeoisie dancing while 
toe workers starved, or noting 
how he brilliantly counter- 
pointed toe Can-Can and toe 
“Marseillaise” as toe French 
government turned its own 
army against toe Parisians, does 
possibly help to clarify toe 
significance of similar material 
in Shostakovich's symphonies. 

Even on a purely musical 
level Shostakovich's first film- 
score is a compelling demon- 
stration of his precocious 
talents. The basic vocabulary of 
all his later output - toe 
relentless bass repetitions, the 
“toy soldier” effects on side- 
drum and xylophone, toe bleak 
lyricism of high, unsupported 
violins - is present here. 

Introducing the film, Lindsay 
Anderson should perhaps have 
mentioned one extraordinary 
historical irony. Fourteen years 
after writing toe New Babylon 
music, about a city besieged by 
Prussians, Shostakovich found 
out for himself what it was like 
to be trapped by German guns. 
The impact of the work he 
wrote then, toe "Leningrad” 
Symphony, can only be 
strengthened if listeners recog- 
nize the allusions to toe film- 

Richard Morrison 

A pleasingly large audience 
turned up at toe Queen 
Elizabeth Hall for Alan Bush’s 
85th birthday c o ncert, and toe 
warmth . of toe ovation which 
they gave the composer indi- 

flower in 
Country Life 

CiiJm i ukl everything In then will 
Sow in theme** of the Country Life 
Sumracr Carieni N umber. Pool: 
space nor. Reproduction u ahviyi 
xupak AnJ iri (h* i<Wi iwdkdU 
forrcatliinglJw Wp CrtKI -Merlon 

Ws ihink pull grow to like it. 
Conner Nigel Locket 

- 01-2615401. 



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handv uacki Ttwre still a oreat wav 
to clear trie Wroat and tackle trie tickle. 

Available from chemists and good stores 
everywhere. IMPS a re free from added sugar. 

And from only 28nvoullgetDtentvof 

change. Arcadian of Credl ton, Devon. 


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'hare price muvcmeni& *dd ihcm up w give 
ynu your nvcrali total Check this agaimi ibe 
daily dividend figure published on this page. 

If n matches ynu have won outright or a share 
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winner follow the claim procedure on the buck 
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Capitalization and week’s change 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Begin. Today. Dealings End. Jan 24. ♦ Contango D^r, Jut 27. Settlement Day, Fteb 3. 

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Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Problem: how to cut 
real wages by 1 3% 

When base rates rise and unemployment 
stens to go up again, it can mean only one 
thing - the Chancellor is off for a quiet 
weekend in the country to plan his Budget 

Of the two events which threatened to 
shatter the Cheavening calm, the surprise 
increase in unemployment last month was 
the more serious. The base rate rise has 
already been described in the City as “the 
crisis that never was.” 

Adult unemployment rose by 14,700 in' 
December, alter edging down by a total of 
16,300 over the previous three months. 
Department of Employment officials were 
keen to point out that the unemployment 
count was closer to Christmas than usual, 
and may have been affected by. the 
seasonal lull in recruitment Whitehall still 
regards the underlying unemployment 
trend as flat 

Unfortunately, a flat unemployment 
trend is not good enough,' when the adult 
total stands at 3.18 millio n and the 
unadjusted total is set to rise to 3.4 million 
this month, with the normal January 
100.000-plus surge. 

Apart from the special employment and 
training measures for which a further 
expansion is likely, the Government’s 
approach to reducing unemployment has 
tended to focus upon real wages. A 
substantial reduction in the jobless total is 
impossible, ministers argue, without a cut 
in real wages. 

Few economists would argue with the 
general proposition that lower zeal wages 
will mean higher employment, and hence 
a reduction in unemployment. The debate 
is not over whether such a relationship 
exists but how strong it is. 

A conference on the role of unions in 
recession, sponsored by the Economic and 
Social Research Council, was held at 
Queen Mary College, London, last 
Thursday. It provided some dues on the 
strength of the unemployment/real wages 

According to Andrew Oswald of the 
Centre for Labour Economics at the 
London School of Economics, in a review 
of the many econometric estimates that 
have been made, unemployment is 
inversely related to real wages with an 
elasticity of around -0.1. 

What this means is that a doubting of 
unemployment, other things being equal - 
as they clearly have not been in Britain 
over the past few years - will be associated 
with a drop in real wages of about 10 per 

Since 1980, adult unemployment in 
Britain has increased from an average for 
that year of 1.57 million, to December’s 
level of 3.8 million. It has, in feet, 

Real wages have not. however, fallen by 
10 per cent Average earnings, across the 
whole economy, have risen by 56.2 per 
cent since 1980. Retail prices have 
increased by 43.5 per cent, giving a rise in 
real wages of about 13 per cent 

Thus, rising unemployment has gone 
hand-in-hand with strongly rising, rather 
than felling real wages. Real wages in 
Britain are 23 per cent higher than they 
should be according to an economic 
mode) based on a longer run of data. 

Matching this with the Treasury’s own 
estimates, looked at from the other side of 
the equation, and it does appear that real 
ages are rather out of line. 

The Treasury’s review paper. The 
Relationship Between Employment and 
Wages, published last year, came up with 
the rule of thumb that every 1 per cent 
reduction in real wages results in a rise in 
employment of 1 10,000 to 220,000. 

This suggests that eliminating the 13 per 
cent growth in real wages that has 
occurred would, after allowing for labour 
force growth, cut unemployment by up to 
2 million. 

The problem is, how to cut real wages? 
A standard view, certainly in the Con- 
servative Party, is that excessive growth in 
zeal wages is closely related to the exercise 
of monopoly power by the unions. 
Management is ready to accede to large 
pay rises in return for a quiet life, making 
any necessary cost adjustments by cutting 
down on number employed. 

Andrew Oswald sent out questionnaires 
to the head offices of the largest 18 unions 

in Britain, asking whether employment is 
a normal feature of pay negotiations. The 
majority said that they do not normally, 
negotiate over job numbers in this way, 
employment being decided unilaterally by 
employers. If this is the case, and other 1 
participants at the Queen Mary College 
conference said that at local, rather than 
head office, level it often is not, the 
apparent short-sightedness of unions over 
“pricing themselves out of jobs” is not 
hard to explain. 

The difficulty is that the evidence that 
unions push up the wages of their 
members sharply in relation to non-union 
workers is weak. 

Professor Patrick Minford of Liverpool 
University went out on a limb four years 
ago, as be often does, with an estimate 
suggesting that the wages of union 
members, over the period 1964-79, were 
74 per cent higher than those of non-union 

Professor Minford’s estimate is a rather 
broad brush one, referring to: “The 
totality of the union sector including its 
satellite and the non-unionized parts; 
think of mineworkers or fireman relative 
to cleaning ladies or Liverpool taxi 
drivers.” It suffers, therefore, from 
problems of comparability. 

David Blanchflower, of Warwick Uni- 
versity’s Institute for Employment Re-, 
search, suggests that the union mark-up is! 
much more modest, when union and non-! 
union jobs are compared like with like. 
His estimates, presented at the conference, > 
point to a mark-up which is, on average, 
in single figures - ranging from 1 per cent 
for skilled manna? workers, 3 per cent for 
clerical workers, and 4 per cent for middle 
managers, to 10 per cent for semi-skilled 
manual workers. 

In some jobs, curiously, union member- 
ship actually confers a pay disadYantage-i 
The largely unionized workers in the Co-j 
operative retail network have been found) 
to have lower average pay than non-union 
nixed employees with other similar chains.! 

It is clearly rather important to know 
how unions affect pay, if one of the aims 
of reducing union power is securing a 
reduction in overall real wage levels. Alter 
a long haul of union reform, it is quite 
possible that real wages will escape, 
comparatively untouched. 

Looking on a rather shorter time 
horizonTis there any Budget action that 
the Chancellor can take to reduce real- 
wages? Last March he announced a, 
restructuring of National Insurance contri- 
butions. On the employees’ side, this was! 
to alleviate the employment trap. On 
employers’ National Insurance contri- 
butions, the Budget cut the cost of 
employing staff at the lower end of the pay 
scale but, in removing the upper earnings 
limit, increased employment costs sharply 
for the better paid. 

This measure of real wages, in terms of 
wage costs to the employer, is a different 
one to the one we have been discussing - 
real wages to the employee. 

But reductions in real wage costs to 
companies should have desirable employ- 
ment effects. The measures unveiled in 
the last Budget, however, do not appear to 
have bad such effects. According to the 
Confederation of British Industry, overall 
employment costs went up, higher 
contributions at the top end outweighing 
reduced contributions for the lower paid. 

In any case, the feeling in Downing 
Street and the Treasury appears to be one 
of impatience with companies for dissipat- 
ing me possible competitive gains from 
the abolition of the National Insurance 
surcharge, in over-generous pay awards. 

Highly visible tax reductions, and as 
described here before, this means the basic 
rate of income tax, do appear to act as an 
informal incomes policy, producing 
smaller overall rises in money wages. 

On the other hand, with real incomes 
set to rise by 3 per cent this year as 
inflation fells, even without any 
reductions in tax, there is a danger that 
pay negotiators will start to regard this son 
of real wage increase as the norm. 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Tax action 
over baby 
bond society 

By Laurence Lever 

The Inland Revenue is 
expec te d this week to prohibit 
the Tunbridge Wells Equitable 
- Friendly Society from market- 
ing any future tax exempt 
policies for children after an 
investigation into its Baby Bond 

The Baby Bond was with- 
drawn last week because of 
pressure from the Revenue. 

Existing holders of the bond 
will not lose the tax exempt 
benefits of the policy. About 
10,000 have been sold since its 
launch in September. 

It is believed, however, that 
the Revenue will issue a 
.direction the Tunbridge 

Wells on Friday under powers 
contained in the F in an ce Act 

- The effect w01 be that the 
Revenue will regard the Tun- 
bridge Wells, one of the old 
friendly societies registered 
before 1966, as a new ficindly 
society, and therefore, as only 
capable of writing polici es th at a 
new friendly society can wnte. 

They cannot write tax exempt 1 
policies on the life of anyone 
aged under 18, and are subject? 
; to differe nt rules and tests for, 
! their qualifying policies. 

Business expansion rule 
changes likely in Budget 

A thorough review of the 
Business Expansion Scheme 
legislation is being carried out 
by the Government after a 
re port commissioned from Peat 
Marwick Mitchell, the account- 

Changes in the stru c tu re of 
the BES, in addition to the types 
of business eligible, are likely in 
the Budget. Activities such as 
wme trading and trading in fine 

an and antiques are likely to be 

Property development com- 
panies were excluded in last 1 
year’s Budget and farmi ng 
ventures the previous year. 

Likely areas of current 
ministerial attention include 
provisions about the length of 
time investors have to keep 
shareholding in BES companies 
- at present five years. 




ctosa and change on 

FT AD Share 

.1106.1 <- 


FT Govt Securities ,...j81.45(-1. 

FT-SE100 1 ,394.5 (-35.3) 

Bargains 24,1 86 (+5,746) 

Datastraam USM 10544 (-0.81) 

Dow Jones . 

Nikkei Dow . 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng _ 
Sydney: AO 

151 353 (+32£6) 

....1299821 (-138.66). 

1 807-94 (+16.71)- 


Am sterdam ; Gen 

Commerzbank __ 


General .780.83 (-20. 

Paris: CAC .275.3 (+1 

— 2080.5 (+54.8) 


offensive to end tin crisis 

TheTBritish Government has 
launched a last tnwmti diplo- 
matic offensive to persuade 
other metvbers of the Inter- 
national Tin’ Council to accept 
their obligations and end the 
crisis which \is moving to a 
climax with meetings today and 

Mrs Margaxef, Thatcher, the. 
Prime Minister, \wrote to the 
heads of government of the 21 
other country me mber s of the 
ITC at the weekend urging them 
to aedept responsibility for the 
council's gross debts*of £900 
milli on. \ 

The latter is tinted fon today's 
meeting of the Londonl Metal 
Exchange and fonKHTow'ssmeet- 
ing of the ITC. 

While it is not specific about 
how the ITC mould settle yts 
debts, it is. in practice, asking 
the government to accept me 
£320 million rescue plan pro- 
posed by Mr Peter Graham,' 

By Mtehael Prest, financial Correspondent 
Standard Chartered Bank, an d Stacie's position. It has stodA of 
Mr Ralph Kesteabaum, manqg- about 50,000 tonnes of tin and 
ing director of the broker, toward purchase commitments 
Gerald Metals. of 62,000 tonnes. 

This involves setting up a Thirteen LME brokers are 
new company that wonfal exposed in varying degrees to 
acquire the ITCTs stocks the council. A group of 14 banks 

contracts. . .and metal traders are also owed 

It is the only serious proposal* £350 million by the ITC. 
on the . table and it is quietly \ Brokers and bankers empha- 
supported ■ by . the British ^sized at the end of last week that 
Government. the present financing offer is the 

Time to accept the phra and last chance of securing a "soft, 
set up the company are short landing’* for the tin market. 

because the LME lias said that 
suspension of its tin contract 
cannot continue beyond the end 
of this month. Members must 
decide today whether to name a 
date for resuming trading or 
postpone the decision again. 

The tin crisis broke cm 
October 24 when the ITC said it 
could no logger afford to 
fiwai nett supporting thctin price 
through its buffer stock. 

The suspension of trading 

senior deputy chairman of \ effectively froze the buffer 

, The planned company at 
present called Newco, will be 
capitalized . at £320 million. 
Basks wQ] put up £50 million 
equity, brokers £20 million, and 
the> consumer and producers 
groups on the ITC £100 million 
The Government, 

has teat opposed suggestions 
that It make a £50 milli on loan 
to Newco. 

Seine governments, notably 
Japan,., Germany and the tin 
producers, said that they could 

need six months to make their 
contributions to Newco, so 
Standard Chartered has offered 
the company a bridging loan of 
up to £150 million, on con- 
dition that the British Govern- 
ment verifies yfiini^ t ep^ i 
commitments by the tardy ITC 
members to pay and that 
payment is made by the end of 

Even so, the banks estimate 
that at a tin price of £6,000 a 
tonne, compared with £8,140 
when trading was suspended, 
they will lose 10 per cent of 
then- capital, convened through 
Newco mto equity. 

# The Malaysia Muting Cor- 
poration, one of the worlds 
largest tm conglomerates, said 
at the weekend that it did not 
fo res ee any improvement in the 
world tin industry in the next 
two to three years and an- 
nounced that it would dismiss 
49 senior staff at the end of this 
month to reduce costs. 

Britain lags 
in space 

By BUI Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Britain is spending - less per 
head on space than any of its 

major industrial competitors 
and does not figure even among 
the top 10 in the field 
worldwide, according to the 
latest survey from the Organiza- 
tion for Economic CoKJperation 
and Development. 

The survey hi g hli g hts the 
dramatic international growth 
in commumcali QD imtiTiitf fr. 
used to cany television and 
telephone si gnal* _ and shows 
Britain in 1 1th place behind 
Switzerland in the per ca p ita 
space spending league. 

The growth paints to bfflions 
of dollars likely to be spent in 
almost every area of these new 
communications networks. 
“'Related 1983-90 investments 
will amount to about 4 billion 
(£2.7 billion) for launches, $4.5 

Space axpendttura in 1983 

United States 










United. Kingdom 












' 1JB 



billion for satellites _ and $8 
billion for earth stations” the 
surwey concludes. 

According to the OECD 
figures, which compare 2 q vest- 
ments in 1983, Britain's space 
budget was $98 mfifion lagging 
behind $15 billion of the US, 
$404 million of France, $299 
million of West Germany, $477 
million of Japan and $109 
million of Canada 
An average of 23 geostatio- 
nary satelrtes are scheduled to 
be launched each year until the 
end of the decade. This total 
comprises 8 American domestic 
satellites and 11 others for 
domestic and regional use 
around the world. 

The Space Industry: OECD, 
2 Rue Audte-PSscak. 75 775, 
Paris Cedex 16. 

Survival vote 
at Burnett 
& Hallamshire 

By Clare Dobie ' 

Share holders in Barnett A 
Hallamshire. the troubled min- 
ing company, wfll be asked to 
vote today on a capital recon- 
struction to save the groop- 
Existing shareholders would 
hold only 24 per cent e € the 
enlarged company as a result off 
the planned changes, assuming 
they did sot take up any new 

Up to 350 are expected at the 
mhmi n i ^ rtii w ill Sheffield. 

which will be followed immedi- 
ately by an ex tra o rdinary , 

Shareholders will also be 
asked to appoint Price Water- 
house as auditor in place of 
Thornton Baker. 

The directors are Bkdy to be 
asked abort the reconstruction 
document, in particular the £1 16 
mQBoa write otts which left a 
deficit on net assets of £42 

TODAY - Hi tet hw c Aimour Trust, 
First Security Group, Fleming 
Cteverfnuse investment Trust, Raft- 
ers (J owoHara) . Finals: Bumdane 
Investments, Jenny Electronics. 
London Scottish Finance Corpor- 

TOMORROW - Interims: Gnome 
Photographic Products, Ernest Jones 
JewtiBanr. MS international, Pale 
Food Group, Stead & Sim 
Westpoof investment Trust 
Countryside Properties, Guinness, 
Howard Group, Uncroft KSgour 
Group, London & Clydeside Hold- 
ings, Sturge Hoktings, Whitworths 
Food Group 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: CAPf 
Group, Dixons Group, Renting 
Technology Investment Trust How- 
den Group. Magnet & Southerns, 

Multitone Electronics, H Samuel, 
Wyko Group. Fnais: Sett Brothers, 
County Properties Group, Raeburn 
Investment Trust, Staidard Securi- 
ties, Trust House Forte. 

THURSDAY - Interims: Abbey 
Atlantic Assets Trust F Copeon, Oevy 
Corporation, Dowty Group, Jones 
Stroud. Henry VtigtaB and Son. 

Finals: Banda rand Gold Minina 
Company, Electronic Machine Com- 
pany, Euratherm Intern a t i o na l. Ges- 
tetner HokSngs, Independent Invest- 
ment Company, Oakwood Group, St 
Andrew Trust, SG8 Group. South 
African Land and Exploration 
Company. Southern Business Group, 
Vaa I Reefs Exploratio n & Morin 

FRIDAY - interims: 


Finals: Control Tech- 
niques, sreenfriar oompany, Kenning 
Motor Group. 

Falling Opec sales 
may lead to summit 

By David Yi 

. Oil ministers from the Orga- 
nization of Petroleum Export- 
ing Countries may convert the 
find session of a committee, 
looking at ways of defending 
Opec’s dwindling share of the 
world oQ market, into a full 
ministerial meeting when it 
reports on February 7. 

The ministerial meeting may 
be called because of ihe 
continued weakness in the 
world oil market 

The market’s weakness has 
forced spot prices for March 
deliveries to under $24 a bane! 
for high-quality North Sea 
crude oti, has left several large 
ofl tankers at sea with cargoes 
and has forced Venezuela to cut 
its official prices. 

Venezuela's price cut for its 
heavy grades - it was forced to 
follow cuts made by a non-Opec 
member, Mexico - is embar- 
rassing for the country’s oil 
minis ter Senor Arturo Gnsanti, 
who has been elected Opec 
president and chairs the com- 
mittee .ch a rged with finding 
ways of maintaining Opec’s 
market share at about 18 
million barrels a day. 

However, Opec will be able 

Arturo Grisasti: price cuts 

to take some cbmfort from 
reports from the Soviet Union 
indicating that technical prob- 
lems in Siberian ofl fields wiD 
prevent the country # . from 
stepping up its exports this year. 

The Soviet oil industry has 
faded to meet its 1985 output 
targets, despite the intervention 
of the country's leader, Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov. 

The country remap ns the 
world’s largest producer with 
output totalling more than 600 
minion tonnes a year, but only 
in the summer has it output to 
spare m any quantity for export 

Investors press Chloride 

The Chloride Shareholders' 
Action Group is pressing for am 
argent meeting with the com- 
pany which is on the verge of a 
s ubstanti al reorganization. 

Sir Michael Edwardes, 
Chloride’s rlninMn, ]uu been 
carrying out an examination of 
the group’s operations and is 
shortly expected to announce a 

cost-catting programme. This 
could involve trimming the 
battery penp’s plant at Dagen- 
ham Essex, which employs 799 

The company has given a 
warning tbit profits in the seond 
half are nnfikely to show an 
improvement on tin £84) mflfion 
nude last year. 

SE float for 
fund group 

By Graham Searjeant 

Mr John Templeton, the 
British-born doyen of American 
international investment is to 
float his Bahamas-based invest- 
ment management group on the 
London Stock Exchange. The 
fall listing will value the 
privately-owned Templeton, 
Galbraith & Hansberger ■ at 
about £300 million and is being 
handled by the brokers, Caze- 

Most of the group's business 
is in the United States, where 
Mr Templeton pioneered the 
idea of mutual funds {unit 
trusts) that took a flexible global 
view on investment Five fluids 
have more than 400,000 share- 
holder accounts and invest 
assets of more than £3 billion. 
Nearly £2 billion is managed for 
pension funds and private 

Profits after tax in the past 
five years have risen from £1.9 
million to a forecast of more 
than £16 million in 1985. Abont 
two-thirds of the profits come 
from management fees and a 
third •from sales of the funds. 

British investors will be 
offered shares at about 19 
times 1985 earnings. But Mr 
Templeton and his colleagues, 
Mr John Galbraith and Mr 
Tom Hansberger, who handle 
marketing and finance, win still 
control more than 30 per cent of 
the company. 

London has been chosen for 
the flotation partly to empha- 
size the group’s international 
aspect and because the com- 
pany is registered in the 
Caymen Islands and wants to 
avoid being classed as Ameri- 
can for tax purposes. 


Defence by 

A valuation of £20 motion 
have been put on tire London 
proper ties owned by Distillers 
by the consultant surveyors and 
valuers John D Wood, acting 
for the Company as part Of its 
defence against the£o00miIEon 

takeo verbid by ArgyfL 

Tbe Distillers, chairman, Mr 
John. Connell has told share- 
holders: “One of the few plans 
of any >»*** which Argyll has 
disclosed is its intention to sell 
most of Distillers “prestigious” 
London properties - or some of 

He adds that the income 
from the disposal of these 
properties would be “relatively 
insignificant” in the context of 
the £70 million expenses of the 
Argyll offer or the £600 million 
which Argyll has arranged to 
to finance i 

borrow to 1 

[ the bid. 

Gartcosh fate 

The Government is expected 
to confirm laterthis week the 
closure of the British steel 
rolling mill at Gartcosh. 
.Lanarkshire, with the loss of 
700 jobs. Meanwhile today a 
group of workers from the mill 
are due to arrive at the Housee 
of Commons after a 400-mile 
march. The workers bad hoped, 
daring their march, to persuade 
the Government to keep the 
plant open for at least another 
three years. 

Control changes 

The founder, chairman and 
chief executive of Control Data, 
Mr William Norris, aged 74, has 
banded over control of the 
Minneapolis computer group as 
losses of $269.9 million (£186 
million) have been reported for 
the first nine months of 1985 
and further losses have been 
predicted for this year. He will 
be succeeded as head of the 
company by Mr Robert Price, a 
president of the company. 

Lord Thomson of Fleet has 
resigned os chairman of the 
British subsidiary of Inter- 
national Thomson Organis- 
ation. Lord Thomson remains 
chairman and chief executive of 
the American parent company. 
He is repalced by Mr James 
Evans, who remains as manag- 
ing director and chief executive 
of the British comapny. - 

Chinese increase 

China's industrial output for 
198S totalled 823.8 billion 
yuan, (£178.3bn). up 17.7 per 
cent over 1984, Mr Zhao 
Weichen, vice-minister of the 
state economic commission 
said in Peking. 

Ghana devalues 

Ghana has devalued its 
currency, the Cedi, by 33 per 
pent against the dollar and 
increased the minimum daily 
wage, the Ghana News Agency 
reported in Accra. 



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1 HE • . /®IDEAyOIfitFINtfI£3AL 







the bid 


The Tobacco Road has been 
a hard one since the Royal 
allege of Physicians claimed, to 
identify a link between smoking 
and lung cancer. The growth has 
gone out of tiie business, atj least - 
in the richer countries, and the 
tobacco companies have made 
an. inordinate amount of effort 
trying to turn their torrential 
cash flows into enduring and 
profitable diversifications. . To 
little or no avail. 

The Stock Exchange trades in ' 
the shares of three tobacco 
companies, BAT Industries, 
Imperial Group and Rothmans 
International. It is a sign of the 
times that at last an acknowl- 
edged master of asset manage- 
ment, Lord Hanson, has laun- 
ched a bid for one of the trio. 

While Rothmans is a pro- 
tected species under the control 
of the Rupert Foundation, ft is 
not inconceivable in the present 
climate that BAT may sooner or 
later find itself under the 
auctioneer’s hammer, notwith- 
standing its market capitaliza- 
tion of £4.6 billion. 

A bid for BAT would have 
beenuothifikable a year ago, but 
size is no longer an automatic 
defence and it is well within the 
scope of the more aggressive 
American banks to engineer the 
finance for such a play. 

Indeed, it may occur to one 
of the American financial giants 
to sell such an idea to a would- 
be predator in order to demon- 
strate its own power and virility 
once foreign companies are 
admitted to Stock Exchange 
membership in March. 

That is. assuming a home- 

V : S| feiilp 


and Rothman's cover of twice 

Debacle in 
shows up 

Although Patrick Sheehy, 
ATs formidable chirman. 

Sir Owen Green: prize to 

crown his career 

Down raider does not get there 
first. It has been noted in 

certain quarters of the City that 
BTR has been absent from the 
current spate of billion-pound 
takeovers, and its own market 
worth of £4.1 billion puts it 
within .reach of a credible 
assault on BAT if it wishes. 

It would be a career-crowning 
prize for Sir Owen Green, 
BTR's chairman and chief 
executive, for at a strike it 
would put his group into the 
world's top 20 companies and 
satisfyingly top his old rival 
Lord Hanson with his £1.8 
billion tilt at Imperial. 

The ratings of the three 
tobacco shares tell their own 
tale. Rothmans' low-voting ‘B’ 
shares at 136p carry a yield of 
6.7 per cent on a price-earnings 
ratio of only 4.7, partly refecting 
the lack of bid hopes. 

At the other extreme, the 
Hanson bid has taken Im- 
perial's p/e ratio up to 13.7 and 
the yield down to 3.S per cent 
BAT is on a p/e of 6.6, and 
while its yield is only 5 per cent 
the dividend is covered 3.6 
times, compared with Imperial 

Bank of Ireland 

announces that with effect 
from close of business 
on 13th January 1986 
- its Base Rate for lending 
is increased from 
ny 2 %to i2y 2 % 
per annum 

BAT’S formidable chi rman, 
would surely deny any thoughts 
of defensive tactics, he has 
made no secret of his desire to 
divert another huge chunk of 
the group’s cash flow towards 
another acquisition early this 

The target is likely to be an 
overseas life insurance com- 
pany, to complement BAT’S 
Eagle Star and Allied Dunbar 
insurance operations in this 
country. We have yet to see 
Mark Weinberg show his paces 
at Allied, but Eagle made a poor 
start under BAT’S wing. 

Nevertheless, Mr Sheehy has 
high hopes for insurance as the 
core of a thorough-going finan- 
cial services operation. The 
Allied sales force could dearly 
be channelled into selling 
anything from shares to credit. 
Oh. and by the way, BTR owns 
Cornhill Insurance. 

Rowe and Pitman, the 
stockbroker, has recently visited 
BAT’S South American oper- 
ation and returned with the 
view that the shares are cheap 
on the basis of 1986 earnings. 
They expect profits to have 
fallen from £1.4 billion to £1.1 
billion before tax in 1983, but 
recover to £1.3 billion this year, 
partly in the belief tftat currency 
movements cannot be quite so 
Cruel two years numina. 

' Any assessment of imperial's 
prospects must await the out- 
come of the Hatfison bid, and 
the alternative scheme to merge 
Imperial with United Biscuits. 
Either deal will be an improve- 
ment for Imperials' patient 
shareholders, but the present 
share price is dominated by 
tactical considerations. 

Rothmans is the problem 
child of the trio. Profits were 30 
per cent down in the half-year 
to September, at £58.4 million. 
But lander currencies, and the 
absence of exceptional costs on 
the scale of last year’s £44.7 
million, should pace the way for 
a modest gain for the year 
ending in March. 

The group is having an , 

unhappy time with one of its 
diversifications, the Carling 
O'Keefe brewing busim^ss in 
Canada, but it also appears to 
be lacking muscle in the 
increasingly cut-throat tobacco 

Although the yield is safe, the 
shares are likely to be unexcit- 
ing performers for some time to 

corae - William Kay 

J City Editor 



AND FINANCE: Results for the six 
months to September 30 show that 
he board is not proposing an 
nterim dividend but _ expects to 
recommend a final divident of not 
less than that paid for last year. 
With figures in £000, operating 
income totalled 1.696 (1.244) and 
pretax profit 498 (37 1 >. 

The group is buying a half share of 
Trans Freight Lines, hitherto wholly 
owned by Australia’s TNT group. 

App/fcnuon has been ma de Co The Council of the Stock Exchange forattihe shares of common stock of par oaiue SO C! ofKIevfoV. foe. 

issued and now being issued, co be admitted to tire Official Ijsl 
T his Notice does not constitute an invitation to purchase shares. 

Klearfbld, Inc. 

orawd with famed SabSty Linder die BuWiesa Cwporioon Law 
C miuH Ofiwc ah h of Pcnmytuarta. Unwed State* of America). 

Offer for Sale 


of 5,100,000 shares of common stock of par value $0.01 each at H8p per share, 

payable in full on application. 


Authorised tested 2i~d row 

■ ben* issued 

Shares of common stock 

i 150.000 of par value S0.01 each S 135,000 

The shares now being offered for sate will rank in full for all dividends and other 
distributions hereafter declared, made or paid on the issued shares in respect of 
financial years beginning on or after I st January. 1986. 

; 150.000 

S 135.000 


The Company manufactures in the United States and 
sells in North America innovative display packaging which 
incorporates transparent rigid plastic The Company’s 
products offer a valuable aid to the marketing of consumer 
goods by providing an attractive and effective form of 
display, with the goods themseives-being visible to the 
consumer. The Company’s products, sold under the trade 
names of Klearfold and Duofold, are used to provide 
distinctive retail display presentations for a variety of 
consumer products including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals 
and confectionery. 

Profit Estimate 

The Directors estimate that assuming no significant 
unforeseen post balance sheet events, the Company’s 
profit before taxation for the year ended 31 s: December, 
1985 was not less than $1,850,000 and the profit after 
taxation for the same penod was not less than S I ,*400,000. 

Offer far Sale Statistics 

Offer for.Sale priceper ‘share. 

Sharesjn issue immediately 
after the Offer for Sale 

-- li8p 

13J5 million 

Market capitalisation at the 
Offer for bale price 

Offer for Sale price 

Percentage of issued capital 

£15.93 million 

being offered for sale 

37.8per cent. 


In view of the increasing importance of self-service 
retailing, manufacturers of consumer products have in 
recent years sought to enhance the marketing appeal of 
the packaging of their products with emphasis on visual 
display. The Company has identified and developed new 
visual packaging technologies and has successfully 
introduced its products in the North American 
marketplace. The Directors believe that these innovative 
technologies, combined with the Company's important 
design and printing expertise, have placed it in a strong 
position to benefit fromthe increasing trend towards 
sophistication in packaging and marketing. 

The-Company intends to promote further expansion 
of demand for its products from both existing and new 

The Application List for the shares n ow being offered 
for sale will open at 10.00 am on Thursday. 16th January. 
1986, and may be dosed at any time thereafter. 

Details of che tilling Psncjlcrs wM to comsmed r.iher.ew issue 

cards orcuhied by the 

Copies of die bsang ftjr&a/Jors fen me i?*ns cf which ctew 
oppricaUohs'mdy be made} witft f&prcff yen *wrs are atcfcble during 
normal business hours on any weekday upacni mdud r<g 24 dt January, 
1980 from:-- - - - — 

Robert Renting & Co. Limited LMessef&Co. 

8 Crosby Square. - l-Ensbunr Avenue. 

London EC3A6AN London EC2M 2QE 

Ravensboume Registration Services Limited 
Bourne House, 34 Beckenham Road. 

Beckenham, Kent BR3 4TU 

jjtfi /armory. M8& 


and fears more 

Tbe debacle in the bond 
markets on Wednesday and 
Thursday represented an indict- 
ment of the rationality of the so- 
called sophisticated experts who 
operate in these markets. 

The trouble began with the 
release of the employment 
figures for December on Wed- 
nesday. These figures are 
notoriously subject to revision. 
Non-agrlcnlttiral payroll em- 
ployment rose 320,000 in 
December. This, combined with 
a fall in the unemployment rate 
to 6 3 per cent from 7 per cent, 
set off a panic in the bond 

It was conveniently forgotten 
that daring 1985 there were 
many other months which 
showed an increase in payroll 
employment of about 320,000. 

So the rise in payroll 
employment was nothing to 
write home about bat it was used 
by the bears to carry ont a 
massive shorting operation on 
the bond market. 

Once the panic gathered 
momentum all sorts of strange 
stories emerged. We were told 
that the Arabs were retaliating 
against the United States by 
selling their paper assets and 
nsing the money to buy gold, 
knocking the dollar 

I think what really occurred 
was something that has hap- 
pened before. A big rise in bond 
prices is followed by a setback. 

I also believe that the 
participants in the bond market 
are finding h difficult to rid 
themselves of the idea that 
positive economic growth is 
incompatible with rising bond 

Between 1949 and 1969, 
economic g ro wth In the US 
averaged more than 4 per cent a 
year. Between 1970 and 1985, 
real economic growth has 
averaged tittle more than a 
miserable 2JS per cent, yet 
between 1950 and 1970 con- 
sumer prices rose on average 
little more than 3 per cent a year 
and the 10-year US Government 
bond yield averaged about 4 per 
cent - 5 per cent a year. 

Thus, it is feasible - and it is 
the US experience in 20 of the 
Last 35 years - that a relatively 
high rate of economic growth -4 
per cent phis - was combined 
with an interest rate of 4 to 5 per 

This is a fact which seems to 
have been forg ot ten by the so- 
called experts of Wall Steet, 
Now that the bellwether long 
bond yield has rben to 9,4 per 
cent there is talk that it witi 
continue to 10 per cent. This is a 
naive idea. 

Corporations, individuals and 
institutions are accumulating 
vast quantities of cash. This 
money will eventually find its ; 
way info the bond market where : 
it will stimulate yet another 
surge of prices based on tbe fact 
that in the current world of 
disinflation, present bond yields 
represent top value which is not i 
likely to be repeated for some 

Maxwell Newton 

Horace says it alt Ira fitror 
brevis est. A long week in 
politics, and an even longer 
one in the markets, aptly, 
demonstrated that ' Anger 
realty is a brief madness. Mrs 
Thatcher and Mr Heseftinc, 
please note! 

Traders crawled wearily 
home last week after the land* 
of shocks during five, trading 
sessions which induce prema- 
ture mettle fatigue. 

A base rate increase to 1216 
per cent, as world rates 
apparently eased? Mediocre 
money supply figures? Recan- 
tation by Dr Kaufman about' 
. US rate trends? A furious 
Cabinet row, involving the 
precipitate resignation of the 
Defence Secretary? Sterling 
zipping up -and down' like a 

* . - • 

Kaufman; recantation 

about rate trends 

yoyo? It was all to much 
Traders are uncomf 

Traders are uncomfortably 
aware too that the coating' 
week may well provide a repeat 
performance, with even bigger^ 
thrills and spills. By the 
weekend, the balance of prob- 
ability in the Westland im- 
broglio was swinging yet again 
in favour of the Anglo- 
European consortium with the 
attendant risk of extra political 
fell-out if United Technologies 

Analysis of the structure of 
current yields and money rates, 
suggests that markets have 
adjusted in part for last week's 
sequence of events. But unless 
the authorities manage to get 

rates down quite quickly, pit 
returns now on offer rail to 

returns now on offer rail to 
offer adequate compensation 
for the risks attached to 
holding Government-backed 
chums. And the authorities’ 
actions suggest that they 
believe this too. 

On January 2, the money 
markets were trading off a 
relatively flat yield curve, 
locked crucially round a three- 
month interbank rate of Il l Vis 
per cent One month rates were 
il'Jfe per cent; 12-mouth rates 
were touching 1 1 74 per oenL 

For comparison purposes, 
three-month intertank in 

Frankfurt was 4.8.5. per cent, 
and in Tokyo 7.65 percent ■ 

A week later,. the entire yield 
structure had shifted upwards 
by a solid percentage point 
Three -month interbank in 
London was a fraction oyer 13 
per cent while the remainder 
of the period rates were 13 per 
cent Meanwhile, rates in 
Frankfurt bad eased back to 4.7 
per cent while Japanese money 
costs were also lower at 7.1 per 

Hence tbs impact of the 
political /exchange rate- crisis 
has been to shift the absolute 
level of British rates higher, 
thus widening the . relative 
differential between London 
and other world money cen- 
tres. But' the flatness of the 
yield curve, in - itself an 
indication of inherent vola- 
tility. suggests that expec- 
tations haw not improved. 

Looking at gilt yields over 
the same time scale, and 
treating high coupon stocks as 
a proxy for the market, it is 
clear that the biggest losses 
were suffered in the shorts. - 
Over the week in question, 
short yields rose 
from 11.33 per cent to 11.82 
per cent, an increase of 4 per 
cent Medium and long dated 
yields increased by far lower 
percentage points - by 2.7 and 
by 2.2 per cent respectively. . 

The inversion of the yield 

' Lawgoffi no cha n ge in . 
current-mix of policies 1 ? ; 

. curve has become still more;, 
pronounced! Early in Jpnujry*.; 
51 bads points separated snort 
and medium yields; add 41 
basis points mpdinm and long 
dated returns. B^rfemnaiy. % 
the yield gap between shorts - 
. and mediums had moved up. to i 
71 basis points. - *' ' • 

Hence.' markets^ are ,sfol . 

giving -"the authorities, some 
benefit -of the. (dotiJbti'-By- . 
implication, -traders are sug- * 
gesting that the rise in -rates is , 
purely Temporary, witness the 
exaggerated basis points differ- 
ential between, shorts and 
mediums. J..„ 

But if bate rates -re m ai n : 
high, then it is defer that both 
medium and long dated yields 
must' move 1 tip, , •-, * 

The 200 basis point drflei- •• 
ence between short yields ana 
money market rates should 
ensure ibis, if rates do not- fell. 

The . authorities’ : actions at 
the end of foe week suggest 
they are aware of the delicacy 
of sentiment in the market. 
Normally, they signal the end 
of a period of trench wariare by 
issuing a juicy lap on atttactive 
terms.- ■•' . • 

But the Government Broker 
failed to appear on Triday, ; 
despite his manifest eagerness 
last week to sell stock. Real- 
yields are still rising, and have . 
now crossed the crucial 4 per 
cent threshold. Tbe authorities - 

aonear reidctant to pnee the 
market at current levds. 

TTiis reluctance :is. -under- 

dahUy since key; 'dements 
what: is effectively., -fife 
tocology of the market are stin 
ffld fKnp ' around. Until last 
week, the US, for extetip&bas 
■had a positive mffuejwe.'jon 
sentiment.' New Todchwas 
'buoyed -by ■■ 'hopes. ; .w San - 
imminent cut m the Federal 

Discount Rnte/ its^f tl^f {by- 
product of a weak ec onomy. /In 
a "blinding statistical 'flash, 
notably through the American 
unemployment figures, it tran- 
spired that tbe complete 
opposite was My to happen. 

Dr Kaufman’s conversion to 
•the growth Jack provided as 
appropriate coda to the .switch 

‘iiL sentiment, as well as 
creating havoc is the markets. 

Nor has the market fully 
’-adjusted to the latest steps in 
-its - evolving rel at io nsh i p with 
" the Chancellor. Does foe 
' violent nature of Mr Hesel- 
. , tine’s, departure from high 
office virtually guarantee the 
- remainder of the Cabinet their 
'jobs for the duration of the 
current Parliament. Is the 
Chancellor safe? 

But at tbe same time,, last 
week also saw a notable 
/resurgence in the authority of 
‘central banks. Tbe Federal 
Reserve blocked successfully 
the Reagan junk bonds ganc- 
tinning move, while the. Bank 
■/ of England was conspicuously 
successful both in its money 
market operations - the base 
rate, rise was one of the 
smoothest ever seen - and in 
its signalling to traders. 

Pending any Cabinet shuffle 
tf the Bank and the Chancellor 
-'■ can learn to live ..together and 
devtitop a mutual respect for 
each other, the outlook for gflt 
• yields might even improve. But ! 
■ it is early to forecast such a 
; radical departure from recent 
•>, practice. 

Meantime, the gilt market 
sedts a meeting, at his earliest 
convenience, with foe Govnero- 
..ment Broker. 



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We haveZout of the lOTeading 
cigarette brands (mduriing the. 
highly successful SupericmgsfThe 
tobacco division^ contributionto 
profits contimiestograw reaching 
a record £123 mflbonin ’85,m 
mcreaseof £13 imJEonon 1984. 

. finperiafsleadinigbrands ofbeer 
include Courage Best Courage 
Light Ale, John Smith^Bitt er, 
lb 1985; they went down extremely 
wdl for a fifth year* in succesaon. 
Our brewing and leisure division^ 
profits increased by a further 
£16 mOHcm to £97 m3Eoa 


’• SaMM 

i VN 

We own over 5,000 Courage and 
John Smith pubs, 78 Harvester and 
other restaurants, 30 Anchor hotels, 
64 Happy Eater family roadside 
restaurants, and 5 Welcome Break 
motorway service areas. For the 
fifth consecutive year in 1985 each 
business made record profits. 


i r«; 1 1 1 1 1 ^ 1 1 i® 1 1 

[»> ilTlrTTl .1 ~ *.w;i l 

Ross Foods, now combined with 
Youngs have had an exceptional 
year in '85. Retail market share has 
risen continuously over the past 
5 years and profits have almost 

do ubled. . Source AGB. 

All these highly successful brands (and many 

Trust’s bid for Imperial has no industrial logic It 
is unwelcome, unwanted and is grossly inadequate. 

Our brands, our shareholders, our employees 
as well as our customers will get along famously 
without it 


. * . 

llielmpiaial Group. 

Careful management has guaranteed that 

over the past 5 years. 

Building consumer brands, and marketing 
them, is a very particular skill 

Imperial has enormous ejroerience in this 
field And this has fuelled outstanding profit growth. 

Agamst tills record, we believe Hanson 

T1«U CW"* * jrfjfr fod by K>Hf Fmperial Gr^pk.Thefiredont^^togM^GiP^tteC ^ujfag to ^kohTO^ ipteM^Bi snpCTgon of tins advertisement) have taken an reasonable care to ensure that fee facts stated 




viicrosystems leads 
f race to be first 
new issue of 1986 

The Microsystems Group, 
which makes a range of 
electronic products, looks like 
achieving the distinction of 
being the first .USM new issue 
of 1986. 

It has been- widely and 
confidently forecast that the 
junior market's new issue 
business will boom to record 
levels this year. 

But 1986 has got off to a 
quiet start with only four 
newcomers having declared 
their USM ambitions. 

On the launch pad with 
Microsystems are Wicks, the 
American controlled do-it-y our- 
self group which is seeking to 
raise some £8 million through 
an offer for sale; Brookmoimt, 
an Ulster property group and 
Marina Developments which 
runs nine marinas. 

But Microsystems looks like 
winning the 1986 race. About 
£3 million is to be raised 
through a placing by Hoare 
Govetu the broker, a week 
today and dealings should start 
on January 28. 

Microsystems looks a quality 
company and the shares are 
likely to arrive on 14 times last 
year’s earnings following a 35 
per cent tax charge. 

Profits have climbed from 
£148,000 in 1981 to £1,395,000 
in the year to end last October. 
Sales in this period rose from 
£1.3 million to £7.6 million. 

The company has, however, 
had to overcome more than a 
few wrong numbers at its Callog 
operation. In 1982 and 1983, 
Microsystems achieved “a sub* 
stantial proportion" of its sales 
■and profits by making equip- 
ment for Callog, a company 
which sold a system which 
rerards the time and duration 
of a telephone call and number 

But the Callog company ran 
into substantial losses and 
Microsystems decided to buy its 
customer. It has turned the 
business around and in the 3 Kz 
months to end October Callog 
achieved profits of £34,000. 

Microsystems was able to 
shrug off the adverse impact of 
Callog because of the success of 
its Wayfarer ticketing system 
which is used on one man buses 
and its components side. 

Besides the Wayfarer ticket 
machines the company also 
makes the Sheriff taximeter, 
which docks up the cost of a. 
journey. A German company 
has starred proceedings against 
Microsystems over Sheriff 
alleging that it infringed three of 
its patents. But Microsystems 
believes it has a good defence 
and says Sheriff accounted for 
less than 5 per cent of its 
turnover last year. 

Although now deep into 
manufacturing the company 
started as a design consultancy. 
Dr Roger Harding, aged 42, and 
Dr Michael Jackson, aged 40, 
left the Plessey electronics 
group 1 1 years ago with the aim 
of exploiting microprocessor 
technology. Within a year or so 

the group was manufacturing, 

often own brands. It then went 
on to build up a presence in 
such areas as electronic cash 
registers and bank noie dis- 

The chairman is Dr Chris- 
topher Wilson, a former ICL 
managing director. Mr Nigel 
McCorkell, one of the men 
behind the rapid rise of Meggitt 
Group, another electronics 
group, is also a director. 

Even before it comes to the 
USM. Microsystems has an 
impressive array of institutional 
shareholders. When it rescued 
Callog some of the company's 
existing institutional share- 
holders were asked to pump 
£475,000 into the business 
mostly in the form of preference 

Ahead of the flotation the 
institutions, which include the 
Esso Pension Fund and Witan 
Investment Co., convert their 
preference into ordinary shares. 

With the stock market mak- 
ing a volatile start to the year, 
fixing a new issue price is an 
even more hazardous exercise 
than usual. If present thinking 
prevails it looks as though 
Microsystems will be valued at 
about £14 milli on on its placing 
price with some £2 million 
being raised for selling share- 
holders and £1 million for the 

Derek Pain and 
Pam Spooner 

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By Sydney Friskm . • • 

3C ^«Bd!rr Sl t^owS? 

' r -'%CO r.l PAW Y. N EV/ S' ' • ■ 

O BESPAK: For the half-year to 
Oct 31, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 5,104 (6,616). while 
the pretax profit was 56 (1,377). 
Earning s per share were 0.3p 
(I0.4 P ). An interim dividend of 
i.75p (1.75p) is beiiig paid on Feb' 

9 VOLVO The company has 
readied an agreement with Renault 
to re-ecquire a 9.4 per cent interest 
in Volvo Ptrsonvagnar (Volvo Car 
Corporation). As a result. Volvo 
now owns 100 per cent of Volvo 


• SPEYHAWK: The offer to 
shareholders of Speybawk of 
1,569.205 new ordinary shares at 
250p per share was oversubscribed. 
The basis of allocation win be 
announced after the extraordinary 
general meeting on Monday. 

TRUST: Airways Pension Fund 
trustees have sold 550,000 ordinary 
shares od the company in two 
batches, thereby reducing their 
holding to 2,450,000 shares (4.78- 

• FLOYD OIL: The company has 
sold its interest in the Claymore 
Field to Sovereign Oil and Gas for 
S5.8 million (£4 million). The net 
proceeds of the sale, alter paying 
back a loan secured on the 
Claymore interest, were £2.5 
million- Floyd now has no 
indebtedness and cash balances of 
about £4 million. 

The company has acquired the 
.share capital of Starpoint Ekcrics 

for a consideration of £2^20^00. 
satisfied by £1,929,304 in cash and 
the balance by the allotment and 
issue of 99.999 fully paid ordinary 
shares of lOp each in the capital of 

new sums assured for 1985 totalled 
£4.52 billion (£3.84 billion) of which 
£2-21 billion (£2.34 billion) covered 
life business and £2.31 billion (£1.5 
billion) related to pensions business. 

The company is launching a. 
restricted range of 26 permanently 
price-marked products under a new 
Happv Shopper label backed by a 
£500,600 promotion campaign. 

Mattson Finance Trust: Mr L 
A W Evans is now group 
managing director and Mr R 
Williams has become a director. 

Enskilda Securities: Mr 
Roger Gifford and Mr Roberto 
Lefts have been made directors. 

Bradstock Blunt (Northern): 
Mr Timothy Culverhonse hag 
become an associate director. 

J Waller Thompson Co: Mr 
Miles Coiebrook becomes 
managing director on Monday. 
Mr Allen Thomas, executive, 
creative director also becomes 
deputy chairman and Mr 
Michael Cooper-Evans takes 




ABN Bank 

Adam & Company.— 1 114% 

BCC1 1214% 

Citibank Savings 1 12%% 

Consolidated Crds — 1214% 
Continental Trust «», 1214% 
Co-operative Bank — 1214% 

C Hoare & Co 12%% 

Lloyds Bank 1214% 

Nat Westminster 1214% 

Royal Bank Scotland ... 1214% 

TSB 12*4* 

Citibank NA 1244% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 


GROUP: Imperial Metals Corpor- 
ation has raised the croup's cash 
resources to CanS25 millio n (£1 2.25 
million) with a further interest sale 
of its dose Lake Uranium Property 
in the Athabasca basin of Northern 
Saskatchewan. Last month a 10 per 
ct interest was sold- the new sale 
disposes od a 9 per cent interest for 

S8.9 million. 

for the six months to September 28 
include an interim dividend of 0.3pi 
(same). With figures in £000, gross) 
rental income was 2,482 (2,538) mid 
pretax profit 1,500 (1,581). Earnings 
per share were 0.92p (0.89p)- 

• BELT: The company is not 
increasing its holding in SGB to 
more than 15 per cent, while its bid 
for SGB is bang examined by the 
Monopolies and Mergers Com- 

• LLOYDS BANK: Lloyds Bank 
Export Finance has arranged a £15 
million line of credit to the Bank for 
Foreign Trade of the USSR to 
enable Russian buyers to place 
orders in the United Kingdom for 
capital goods and a ssociated 

INDUSTRIES: The company has 
acquired Flexible Technology for a 
consideration equivalent to £3.618 1 

TRADING: The company has 
agreed on the purchase of three new 
businesses - Freedom LPG, St 
Helen's Freight Forwarding Busi- 
ness companies and B. Cheldcy. It 
will also open a bulk ha n dl i ng 

board is negotiating with the' 
shareholders of a private manufac- 
turing company for possible acqui- 
sition. A further announcement will 
be made should contracts be 

CORPORATION: The company 
has acquired for cash a reversionary 
freehold portfolio of 13 properties 
from Legal and General Assurance 
(Pensions Management) for £16.025 

over as chairman of the JWT 
group in Britain, while reta i ni n g 
his rote as deputy regional 

Scantronic Holdings: Mr Ray 
Dias has been made fi nancial 
director and company secretary. 

Mr Gory Landers has joined 
the boards of Scantronic and 
Scantronic Radio Systems. 

Frank B Hall (Holdings): Mr 
Antony Ptaseat is now a 

Salomon Brothers Incorpor- 
ated: Mr Jerald Wigdortz is 
qow managing director. 

Morphy Richards: Mr n J atiahta Round rom» 
Winnett is joining as executive 
chairman. DwMMflMfcs&iMrgai 

Ratters (Je^era) ?^ Vic- j^S55ȣSM 
tor Rainer has become a sort enir b sews* (us 


Rolls-Royce: Sir PbiHp Shel- 
bourne is now a non -executive mhw/b □)» (Aim » p 

The Dee Corporation: Mr 
Kerin O'Keeffe is TO be 
responsible for business devel- 
opment in the United Stales.. 

Mr Tony Butler will become 

p lanning god b usiness devclop- 

menl director. Mr Alan PereL 
man becomes finance director. 

Mr Peter Stubbs, special 
projects director, will become 
rhflirrYiAn of FA WeUworth. Mr 
David Fisher, managing dn 
tor of Carrefbur, and Mr Peter 
Thjgfleton, managing director 
Gateway Foodmarfcets, have 
joined the Dee board. 


First World 
Cup win 
for Waliner 

Germany, (Reuter) - Johann 
Waliner, of Sweden, .• shook off a 
bout of influenza to achieve his first 
World Cup win in a men’s slalom 

Waliner, 20, who had .never 
before finished in .the top three of a 
World Cup race, turned in a supezb 
ran of 50.90 seconds on tfaereoond 
leg to match victory from the first 
leg ‘ leader, Bojan • Krtzqj of 

His total time of l min 43.96sec 
was jnst 0.09 of a seoond faster than 
the veteran Kriag. ,'Thhtf Was 
Damd Mougal of France. 

Tm just amazed," Waliner said 
after the race. “When I woke ap tlus 
morning I had ’flu and a fever and I 
didn^ think I would be able to race: 
I knew I Was going to do something 
good this season but definitely not 
today. But the' conditions helped 
me. The piste , was perfect when I 

“On the second run 1 just gave it 
everything I had. 1 didn’t really 
expect to . beat Krizaj and I was 
lucky I came through.” 

Wanner was world giant slalom 
junior champion, two years ago and 
has since shown great promise in 
training which he ; has rarely' 
matched in races. His compatriot 
Ingemar Stenmark, who has won a . 
record 80 World Cop rases and who 
finished sixth, said: Tm • not' 
surprised by WaHnecWe aB k^iew 
his days were coming aind there win 
be lots of other good days for him.” 
|SM Imkl 43J98*«c 2. 8 Kfta) NuQ, 
1:4405: 3, 0 MomhI JRL 1:44Jfi; 4, F 
Metta tt (US5 . £ A WWnWftJwM, 
t»*5n5; 4 1 Stwwrartc 1:4&5t 7. P 
Fromowa (Ltadfl. 1?4SSv 8. G Matter 
(Austria). iMXk ft. K HaktegwJAwtrteL 
Irf&ftfi; 10, M QhwMi (Lih). 1t48-06: 11, J^O 
Oaten paftA 1^44: 1Z D KoaNHcMar 
(Austria). IteiSf; W. F BackJWO). 14. 

Si TUmzd W. 1 MM; IS. T Buaiytar (EMU). 

W pan 2, Nfason. 57; 3. Patravic. SOTA 
Rtewnrit 3& 6, WUnw, 38:0. 1 EtteM Og.27. 
109 pokes: 2 aquaL P Mtatermwlto sad P 


Victory for 

and Shields 


Wknabaroar Mewtet SOL 4, Krhmt, 75; S. R 
Patnnrte «; ft. H Smote (Auattfc OS. 
MM pUw 5ft U Sal. & 

Mftm NATIQMi CUP STAMHNG9: Y. Aoakta, 
m points: LSwteartaiHLtofc 3. Itety. 274, ' 

pace too 
hot for Hess 

Bacfostao, Austria (Renter) - 
Anni JOonbkhler. of Austria, won 
the third World Cup Slalom of her 
career yesterday with a combined 

time ofi min 3fa53see. 

Tbe Swiss world champion, Erika 
Hess; and her teammate Vreni 
Schneider, fini shed second and 
Chad respectively in 1:37.69 and 
1:38.45 on a difficu lt course with a 
vertical, drop of 162 metres and 
muted with 56 gales on tbe first kg 
and 60 on the second. 

Hess, who had briefly lost' her 
overall . World Cup lead to 
te a mmate Maria WaUiser, moved 
back into top place with 152 points 
ahead ofWalliser, who -14th 

in 1:40.32. Hess also retained her 
overall lead in -the World Cup 
dnttyw s tandings. -v 

Kronbichler, who won her last 
slalom race in Verifier. S wi t z er l and, 
in 1984, finished first in the first 1^ 
in 47.68 seconds over a second 
ahead of Hess, -who managed only 

San Scbwrian (AP) - Steve Jones 
of . Wales, won the forty-third 
International Memorial Muguerza 
10.9 km (6 miles) cross-country race 
yesterday: in 33 tninates and 33 
seconds. Jaue Shields, of England, 
won the women’s race over 4.4 km 
(2.7 miles) in J4 minutes. 

BOXING: Gert Bo Jacobsen, of 
Denmark, lifted the European 
li gh t w ei gh t tide when Refte Writer. 
of West Germany, sustained a 
revere gash ova- his right eye In the 
eighth round- . 

BOBSLEIGH: Britain’s Nick 

Ifoipps docked tbe third fastest time ' 
in both training runs yesterday for 
toady’s World Cup four-man 
competition in Gervinia despite 
having given up one of Ins practice 
runs on S^tnntfay - to take David 
Gower, the England cricket captain, 
down the BaKan track. 

MOTOR RALLYING: The list of 
retirements grew as Paris-Dakar 
rally competitors continued their . 
race through Niger towards the 
border with Mali. After die rocks of 
the Sahara and the shifting sands of 
the Tenere, less than half of the 
original starters remained to 
complete the 15,000 km event that 
end on January 22. AtZmdera total 
of 266 cars, trocks.and motorcycles 
had fallen by the wayside. The 
Rothmans Porsche of Rene Metge 
continued to lead. 

JUDO: The Soviet heavyweigbL 
Grigory Verictaev. won 'the. open 
title to collect his tiiirtL gold medal 
at tbe international university 
tou rnam ent in Tokyo yesterday. 
DARTS: Eric Bristow- won his third 
world title in a row when he brat 
Dave WMtcombe <M)- al -Frimtey 
Green fast night. 

: Ju po 

Gordon believes 
bronze should 
have been gold 

From Philip Nidksan 

Elvis Gordon, Britain's heavy, 
weight, was disappointed with the 
bronze medal he won at the Paris 
multi-nations tournament on Satur- 
day. “I was annoyed with myself 
even though I did some good throws 
because I knew I could have won the 
gold," he sakl- 

Indeed he could. Having beaten 
the French champion, Jean-Pierre 
Bessc. he easily disposed of Japan’s 
Mitniyasu Tashiro with two pick- 
ups tor part-scores and ended tbe 
matter with an an anxious rear- 
throw, but be fitiled to overcome the 
tactical defiance of France's Chris- 
tian Vacboo and lost on a passivity ‘ 

He retrived the situation in the 
repechage with a stunning steevc- 
hip throw on the weighty Georges 
Mathoncet for tbe bronze medal 

Gordon’s bronze medal wax the 
only .tangible -result from- the 
tournament but the event was a 
satisfying one for Britain .in other 
categories with middleweighi. Den- 
sign .White; and tight-mi ddleweigln, 
Martin McSoriey, both narztmfy 

mkrin lwmw miwftalc 

White, searching for the form 
which took him to the Los Angdcs 
Olympics, produced so me outstand- 
ing throws and was unlucky to lose 
to Francois Fournier, of France, on 
a split decision. . 





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. i ■ ; :: • - THE TIMES MONDAY JANUARY 1 1 iQRfi 


-PORT ] 


■ tA 


• '2gSj 

" '■« 


J ones 

T*” are longs 

■ patfeatt-intk the dabs WUndfiS 

rerotatfen in die g™», ^ ^ 

mmfcg *» «*r titan into 
"Dcdstou day*, whcnthe new look 
le aycw fll be decided tyaB fl dab 
: chairmen, has beea fixed for March 

The league M^-yririif , 
mlttee, who «y. they wn still in flw 
dark *s to what the big dabs wmttL 
have pot forward their own hfeas far 
re st ructu ring. 

Tbepresideat, jade Dnuett, nfcL 
after yesterday's committee mteftaz 
; ib London; "Of w«. dday^r i 

Ioomt rt wfll cause chaos. T"-r~ 

it au tUs tal kin g and meeting man 
on into a second season. 

“They base had two opporfanitier 
to let us know what they want. hut 
still we are waiting. AH we knew h 
what we read in the newapapm,” 

The commit ce *8 ■ proposals' are 
those puf before a meeting of 
on November- 12, turd mote or less 
are parallel with the thinking tf 
those advocating gbmgr. In 1 

they call for improved finandbil 
terms /or the bigger sides, automatic 
entry Into the fourth dMof om Xo r osit 
Goto Leagne dnb each season, 
revision, of the percentage vote 
needed for change, and a choke 
between , a 20 or 24 dnb first md- 
second division or the existing 22 ■ a™**—* 

dabs in each. . -ATOMra** 

The committee- heard dmt three 
companies have shown an interest hi ,l..«y T ■ 
sponsoring the Leagne sora Canea m A/ 4 

dropped oat last Tuesday. W V j 

Swansea CSty, dne in the High * . ’ - 

Court again today, mere waned rt»at 
they cannot . count -on- any more - By StUl 

mercy from the League. 'Tomonow Football Ctt 

could be the end for ftwn, ymt rti»> ■ .■-.—■■■ 

would be a pity, because it would Watford 

mean that part of west Wales would Uvamool 
be without a Leagne side”, Dtmnett 
said. • : 

• V f- 

- U •<*, 

JSP§ 8 fo>> 

Hughes has work at Wigan jump 
home before trying * s mi ?ch 
playgrounds abroad fo ”f„! ef 

By Stuart Jones 

Repons -that Mari: Hughes, score-shet 
potentially the most talented against O 
forward in the Fool bail League, is to - he coi 

Hughes, score-sheet - he was on target- 
talented against Oxford United on Saturday 
3ie,isio - he could afford to acquire a 

leave Manchester United are complete and fresh strike force. Few 
pining credibility, Ron Atkinson, clubs would be able to reject offers 
his manager,- confirmed on Saturday for replacements that might other- 
that the Welshman, will be left to wise be regarded as extra vagan i. 

make his own decision but not until 
after the end' of the' season. 

Atkinson: aware that Hughes was 

Lineker, the leading scorer in the 
first division, added another to take 
his total to 22 for Everton. who 

SofoB to attract offers from abroad Covered ft*™ 

look Sleps last momh .0 ihS £££“£ 

an exorbitant price would be paid. Dj™- „jSV M (JJ 1, fS^for 

ins.- n-il .i,™ P | cIa ' ,n Chelsea’s lone winner and his 

sr c <s n^o( f t; gn c °z Dlten ‘ h - 3 ^ inn L ’"" Tcra - 

clubs. McAvennic was crediied with the 

,Il guaranteed that Hughes, whose onl > 8^ , al Leicester Cftj-, his 
fee will overshadow lhe.fl. 5 million ■ J^nUeth lor West Ham United. 
United received from AC Milan for mariesmen happen to be ; 

Willcios and e%’cn the £1 .8 million 10 » n top five and all 

they gave to West Bromwich Albion ^ H . u Eh“ are likely to appear, if 
for Robson, would become Britain’s on - bnefl f- ‘ or lbe * r countries on 
most expensive footballer at the age **•« world sla S c this summer. 

*>T22. After only one foil season in . Neither Arsen*!, bv far the lowest 
tia-first division be is a prospective scorers in the lop’ half of the 

£2 million placer. 

division, not Tottenham Hotspur. 

as much 
for relief 
as joy 

By Keith Macklin 

Wigan.„„,i, 1 „„... pl ., 11 , 11> „ 1 .,t 1 - 
Hull Kingston Rovers.....,, 8 r 

The dosing minutes of this 
pulsating John Ptaver Special 
Trophy final at Elland' Road lasted 
an eternity for Wigan and flew bv 
far Rovers. 

Wigan, having taken the lead at 
11-8 midway through the second 
half, found themselves with their' 
backs 10 tbe try line as Rovers: ' 
reduced to 12 men with the sending- 
off of Burton, pounded their line. 

A penalty kick to touch by, 
Dorahy set up a dose range 
onslaught repelled by desperate 
tackling, and a kick ahead by the' 
irrepressible man of the match,' 
Harkin, was scrambled over the 
dead bail line. When the hooter - 
sounded the Wigan players jumped - 
as much for relief as for joy. 

A crowd of 17.573 was gripped 
throughout by a game which, while 
never spectacular, was tigerish ly 

“It 'is down to him 1 *. Atkinson, who slipped to another embarrass^ J .lought between two fine sides. 

and wtr had an agreement n-, <* • 

m that, if he wished to go . i raosfer is on again 

he would' be allowed to ° 

Avoiding die Rush: McClelland holds off and Liverpool axe about to go 2-1 ahead. (Photograph: Peter Llewellyn). 

Walsh stakes England claim 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

former champions of Europe. 


Football Correspondent- - Facing a stiff and blustery wind before half-time. A needless and 

U/atfArd • 1 q they resembled tbe group that, messy collision between two 

w auora Z gathered together before the Watford players released Rush 

kick-off and, under a colourful for the first time, and, after a 
' wi»Uh canopy, struggled to keep their swift interchange with Joh- 

sh ? pe as a panto- nston, the home side were 

'&?Sp?W<JS icSPEgl fisted for their leek of 

___ • . . - - ■■■fnrF^bnrf'cWnXiTy^TS mimed ragon. punished for their lack of 

Thatcher^ card ■••£ ' ■ JLive n»ol were, simply and composure. Walsh accelerated 

1 Hit teller Cara utKdy overrun - Forced inw a between the opposing defenders 

rnmnrnmicA J . - - series of errors, and no one was lowering above him an un- 

compromise . . more b >“tantly guilty of Mod w explosive shot past 

The Government has backed committing them than the Colon, 

down from its demand that data I ?^ atr )l e ^ f woeful Whelan who was playing In ti 

should immanent a natlqaal- 
■leiwhwwlrip card adheme. following 
but season's hooligan praMema. 

Jack Dmmett, the. FootbaB 
Leagne president has woo m 
compromiK from the Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr* Tbaaehcr, hat is stfH tngfaw 
dubs . to adopt mdivUual . ora 

poor_ recent ran in the first out of position at left hack. 
d ™ OB V s L' -1 . . ... . Watford dimed out of 

In the second half Liverpool 
bordered on the irresistible. 
Their passing became smooth 

. ..w • » mh • . , - . . Ap ' TTOUUiU VIIIIIW4 WUi VI a. M UWU WMOUlt UWdl llt fa AUIWUI 

^ The victory, _in lhcir first mnnlriii^y tediously and dis- and rbthmical, their approach 

oSS. foL ^S?“2 j'ointedcrpenmg 20 minutes to work deliberate and poised and 

d.. — - ■ . .. since the tragedy in Brussels Isst mIm Irarl Aftw n wilrl Iheir from line amirat^ anri 

/May, lifted 

. intn third 

take the lead. After a wild their from line accurate and 
challenge by Johnson, a ricochet menacing. Coton, in Watford's 

Dtmnett said: “After three 
actings with the Prime Minister I 
as. aMe to co n r lu ee her. that a 

. uw.uiuu Challenge by Johnson, a ricochet menacing uoton, in warlord's 

card Pt? 5 “* 1 five pmnte feQ to Jackett, who struck a left- goal was almost overwhelmed 

behind Manchester United. - footed drive that veered away by the ensuing barrage, but he 

‘After three .Walsh, who bas norplayed for Grobbelaar and inside the was to block everything that 
m Minister I his countryonce . the ■ iD-fo£ed 'nearpogt- came his way until 20 minutes 

s kg that a defeat m rranefe almost two Liverpool's • recovery was from the end. 

near post 

Liverpool's- recovery 

ggg^gag-isy Msassaft 

i__|_ * ~ vjb a sunace mat was paracu- 

to atonal that he buly heavy down the middle, he 

practice b impossible to hnple- 

The Leagaels argnments were 
helped by a great fanprareauat in 
crowd control this season. . 

Rush thrice. McMahon and 
Molby were all denied, before 
Rush, with the assistance of 

minutes later Walsh was also to 
improve his own significant 
striking rate. 

As the luckless Franklin 
misdirected a header. Walsh ran 
on to force in his second goal 
and his fifteenth in 17 games 
since returning from injury. If 
the eratic Grobbelaar bad not 
mishandled Sterling's cross near 
the end and allowed Lohmann 
to reduce tbe deficit. Liverpool 
would now be lying above 
Everton in second place on goal 

The crowd of almost 17.000 
represented a foil a rise. It was 
more than 10,000 below the 
figure for the corresponding 
fixture last season but was over 
2,000 above Watford's current 
average gate. Indeed, it was 
their biggest attendance so far 
this season _ 

WATFORD: A Coton: N Gibbs, W 
Rostron B Talbot (sub: 4 Lehman). P 
FrankGn. J McdoUaixL W Stating. N 

said. “His contraci was. coming to 
an end and ut: had an agreement 
with him that, if he wished to go 
abroad.' he would' be allowed to 
move, but ihcre was a stipulated fee. 
We understand there is big 
Continental interest in him but we 
live in the hope that he will stay 
with us.” 

Inevitablv, Barcelona and Juven- 
ilis, who will collide in ihe European 
Cup quarter-finals in March, have 
been pin forward as possible 
purchasers. Barcelona created a 
record ' 18 months ago when they 
signed Maradona, the lavishly gifted 
Argentine, for almost £6.5 million 
and Juvenrus, a side once estimated 
to be worth £11 million, have 
imported Platini. Boniek and 

“The Continent can make a 
p!a:-era millionaire." Atkinson sard. 

John Sivebaek looks certain to 
join Jrspcr Olsen, his Danish 
international colleague, at Man- 
chester United. A proposed 
£200,000 transfer fell through last 
month after a —*»— 1 examination. 
The player has undergone further 
examination and his fitness has - 
been confirmed. Vejle, his clnh, - 
expect him to train at Old Trafford 1 
.in three weeks' time. 

ing home defeat. Nottingham Forest 
trouncing them 3-0. are armed with 
weapons of such consistent and 
deadly accuracy. The two represen- 
tatives from North Lodnon are thus 
lying below their expected level. 

.It could be worse. Birmingham 

"But Manchester United look after Uity. who have not won for Ib 
their players very well and we hope Barn«. are firing blanks. Only 6.856 

that that might be enough to keep 
him with us.” The method worked 
when Robson was the subject of 
similar speculation, as did Liver- 
pool's when Rush, Hughes's 
international partner, was sur- 
rounded by the same whispers. 

specuiora, the lowest crowd in the 
first division this season, watched 
iheir 0-1 home defeat by Ipswich 
Town. In contrast, Norrieh City's 
guns keep blazing. Leaders of the 
second division in both points and 
goals. Norwich, in beating Mid- 

If. as expected. Atkinson does «*l«shrough 2-0. set a club record of 
lose the abrasive youngster whose cighi successive victories. 

name appears almost as regularly in 
the referee's notebook as on the 

J mt another Saturday. 
Spectrum, page 8 

Game of the Commitment 

-wcniU prefer him to gray, made . - Franklin, Watford's Johnston, put Liverpool into a Caiiaghim.c^ jjackott, JBames. 

Yet for some 40 minutes young central defender, look as deserved laid. Although it was UViMPOOLr.B Gr obbe laar; s Niooi. R 

haves and 

By Simon O'Hagan 

is vital 
at Oxford 

By David Powell 

Irish name day 


nprahl* as represeattttfveu nf the and went on to expose his 
first -division let alone the limitations on the turn 

were almost unrecog- agile as an overloaded oil tanker his fourteenth 

of the 

season, he had claimed only one 
in his previous 10 outings, ten 

Wtoian, M Lawranson. A Hansen. J 
Moby, P Walsh, C Johnston, I Rush, K 
Macuonaido. S McMahon. 

RaltnK M Bodsnhatn (Brighton). 

Coventry City ....... 3 Oxford United ... .....1 

Aston Manchester United ......3 

The Republic of Ireland have- *wr^' ; 
postponed . naming -iheir. new, r I lllYlAin 
manager mu3 their FA executive -1 J I | HC U 
committee meeting on. -February 7.. • - Mr- 

Tbe Irish youth team manager, . n-rTWWM*-. 

Liam Tuohy, has been tipped for flip-- ByUnyeWlute 

job if Billy McNeill. Manch est er * n -..r n ;i- n . . 

City’s manager drops out. - ArrySMl rBiace HM . 

■: Chariton Athlete- 

| Duped by an away day at home 

•' - By CKveWhite %t was no wonder CurbisWey, the At least Chariton, notwithsumd- ' . . ■. 

' i _ ' ■ 1 ; . Chariton player, said that it rat like ing Saturday's away day blues, now I'lMtlHI Tfl inP 1 iflT) 

Crvstnl Palaea „-„_ : 2 : being away from home. Perhaps ft know they made the right derision 1 llU lu lu F 

- In ihe unlikely event of the Just when it was beginning to £ Hogan . G. MHur. 

Football League, the Government look on Saturday as if the £2 million HoWswonn nopp**) 

or John Paul Getty moving into the valuation placed on Marie Hughes While Wigan and Hull Kingston 
• Midlands with a redevelopment was absurdly inflated, he produced a Rovers build up fixture backlog 
programme - five of the areas clubs moment’s genius which unleriined Halifax are making hay at the top of 
are in the bottom seven in the first his value to Manchester United, the first division 'table. TTje\ 
division - u would be race u> think You had to feel sympathy for stretched their lead over Widnes to 
that Coventry Cttv would be among Oxford. They had worked hard to three points with a comfortable 32- 
the first beneficiaries. get back into the game after 10 win yesierdav over relegation ' 

I Coventry s difficulties are of thc conceding an early goal but the threatened Dewsbury. Smith and 
. -type which render all talk of a Welshman’s spectacular volley 17 McCallion each scored two tries for 
[' . super league" irrelevant, for they minutes from time kept United Halifax. 

show that the “super league" is in comfortably dear at the top of the Despite losing Rath bone, who 

rovers, despite being without 
Prohm. Fairbairn and Hogan, put- 
up a magnificent display against tbe 
favourites, and at one stage in the 
second half they went into an 8-7 
lead with a splendid left wing try by 

Wigan's galaxy of highly -priced' 
stars were rarely allowed to' parade', 
their flowing skills, so determined 
was the Rovers tackling, and it was 
the young home-grown forward 
Shaun Wane who took the honours 
with a display of non-stop . 
aggression which almost shaded 
Harkin for the individual award. 

Wane crashed over the line for 
Wigan's first try. and a goal from 
Stephen son and an early dropped 
goal by Dowling, a delicate touch by 
the big Australian forward, gave 
Wigan a 7-0 lead. 

Rovers fought back with tremen- 
dous spirit, and just before half-time . 
Harkin went on the blind side of the 
scrum and the deputy foil back 
Lvdiat came up on the burst to take 
his pass and score. 

in the second half bmh sides- 
seemed to be affected by the 
occasion and the tension, and 
Wigan in particular began to drop 
the ball. Rovers sensed that Wigan 
might be cracking, and strong drives 
by Miller and Lvdiat and a long pass 
from Dorahy sent m Laws at the 

To Wigan's credit they immedi- 
ately gathered their wits and 
regrouped, and beautiful passing, 
from right to left saw Ella give Ford 
an overlap for the try that provecT 
the match winner. The high wind ~ 
made it a bad day for goalidckers. - 
and Stephenson's conversion of 
Wane’-s. try from under the post was 
the only success. 

Wigan: S^- Hampton; R. Mordt, D. Snpiwruon'.V 
E. Hartey. H. Qdl |aUi 5 Effort) rear. & Sla. M. 
Font; a bowling. N Ktos. S. Wane. G. West. A .- 
Goodwey. I. Potter (sun N. Du Tort). 

Hu> Kingston Rovers: J. LyOrte G Clerk. M ‘ 
Smrtfi, J. Dorahy. D Law* G. Smith. P. Harkvr 
P Johnston. D. Wattamon. A. Etna. C. Burton. 

P Hogan. G. MHer. . -, 

Referee:! Holdswortn (Kippax) 


-don belie* 

nnze sW 

Scots invitation : JSSSSS 

Scotland my fry to arrange a from home, to to) 

Northern Ireland in the lE 
States. The Scots win he based at 

altitude, and Northfiru brind *w -oflSn ' 
be a short way off to Albuquerque. 

— ... ,i ■ - — -i- m . uu rton piaycr. sasa mat nimt uxe ing aanrraays away day blues, now rdTlFTI 
ryg til Pahca ,^. ^— — 9 being away from home Perhaps it know they made the right decision * 

hartton Athletic 1 

Chariton Athletic are proof thot -'them round in the second half, or million pounds and could not have Swindon eqi 

Hindoo 2 Southend 1 

Swindon equalled a dub record 

While Wigan and Hull Kingston 
Rovers build up fixture backlog' 
Halifax are making hay at the lop of 
the first division table. They 
stretched their lead over Widnes to 

the disadvantage of -playing away more likely the injection of Stuart, afforded them the crowd potential ye * rs .“8° ^ w,n “ n E 

from home to hugely jn the, rirind_ the substitute, into attack- But that Selhurst Park does. They also rimr 13th conrecuuve home League 
Cjm hv the Leosne fixtunK in the. Flanigan’s fine instinctive h ea d er have more money available for P" 1 ?- *“>’ “O J? battle after 

role of visitor* atthtar new Sdhnrst »nd Taylor’s good ditv^Lpcrfcctly players and there, seemed little Somhendgained a fifth-rainuie lead 
Pkrk home on Saturdayj Chariton* s« op by Gray bad given Chariton a doubt after this defeat, their third in trough Shane Westley from a free- 
allowed lhcmselves to be brain- mountain to climb, apart from the four games, that they will spend. by Frank Lampard m the fifth 

washed hno behavoigassuch. human blockade posed by Droy, no Lawrence has already said that minute. 

Even Lennie Lawrence, the less daunting after all these yon. whoever among the contenders buys . a 1 7 th minute penalty award 
Omfton manager, was _ duped. . Tbe. rcfertc Mr Shales, was no the third promotion when Colin Gordon was brought 

Ajsked, tonguQ'incheek.~if tins was ■ <hi«» obstacle himsciC denying P* 20 ^ ** unlikely to indude down, let Gordon equalize with a 

typical of . his side’s away form, 'Aizlewood an coceQent goal from a Pa lace_ since they have not got well-placed kick from the spot. 
Lawrence , replied, quite seriously: free-kick because he had not given a around to tatty-sharing yet. But Southend keot their oononems on 
-Yes, too typical. vJc’ye got to do signal for the lock to be taken. Both g 0 ” 0 ** 8 ™* , «ywm»c to 


Mark Hatdey, the G 
forward, scored one of. AG > 

kick by Frank Lampard in the fifth 

A 1 7th minute penalty award 

many ways already here. It is not 
that Coventry are about to go bust 
but tbe need to ensure survival on 
and off the pitch is putting them in a 
dilemma familiar to many clubs 
outside the top flight. 

Coventry have lost five and 
drawn one (Saturday's) of their last 
six matches and are struggling to 
keep attendances above 10.000, so 
the widely speculated move by 
Terry GHkoo, their energetic and 


“I thought we deserved some- j 
thing but that goal killed us." 
Maurice Evans, the Oxford man- 
ager. said. . Judge, the Oxford 
goalkeeper, had been unemployed 
for long periods until Hughes 
dropped his left shoudler and met 
Gidman's cross with his right boot. 
.Almost immediately ihe visitors 
added a third goal Staple ion wildly 
misdirecting a shot into the patb of 

better.- Strve Coppefl, the Crystal 
Palace manager, appreciating more 

signal iot toe kick to oe raxra. oom loes -j-g j-v-- worfc 

managers bemoaned hek of referee- S«WSSK5SS &TS3SSSS SL? 

prominent and it was a relief to a big 

goato to their 2-0 away vunory over 0ie ambiguity of thefixture, not to Wore he awJd be ^accused of Simday attendance of 7.61 <1 when 

Lecce in the Italian Learie mention Palace’s, first win to six favouring- the -home" team, Mr which wasasneat and expressive as * R am wi popped 

yesterday. Hatdey hraded to a cross gamra (even if the fontwds didM Srales award ed Cha riton a penalty h Southend’s goalmouthto head in a 

from ha fellow ■ England inter- jo score again) it autad: "Wd when Lee succraded m mppiM fire-kick from David Bomber, 

national Ray Wilkins in the 77th been fold Chariton were a bit dodgy h i m se lf up m .the area and Reid- iwSgni.A Ow/p Bamarjv Rnntaan. 

minute to emuantee Milan their away from Ifome.” converted. The truth was be chaM-TOWAThLetic: n Jofww; j Hwnphn»y, The win meant Swindoi 

skilful forward, to Mancbesier Gibson's bead, and Ron Atkinson's 
United could not come at a worse men were celebrating only their 
ume from a playing point of view or second away victory in ih«r last 
at a better one when looked at eight outings, 
through the eyes of the chib's "In the last half hour we plated 
accountants. Quite well but we were well tv-low 

minute to .guarantee Mftan their away from home, 
first win m more tiuun two months. Having been 

unw win mo.u.cuuuuinu mwuw. Having been directed into the favoured no one, certainly not a , .. - . - , ^ 

However; Lecce mused two penaB- visitors' car park- and. .then the game which Jw almost spoilt with a AidowoiLM Rwoom! ' 

yisitors’ dressing-room and dugout rash of strange decisions. -* * * 

t Wfidt. A a», P Bsmar, A Rnntain. 
M Raid, A CwpisMay, S Thompson, J Ponder. 



First efivision 

car • 



■isiSfliua Houb» P BHgMso 

CoJMs tfr—tf . . 1 Ortmtey 

Third division 

C Of • IpmMiToM 1 MfrRMws P. 

1 LtonToMi . . .. • OrtMoUpawt . 1 

» AsloaVWo _ a CiyMatMac* 2 

. -a ont a HoddonOaldTawa 1 

1 SSSSSwlM-d S Soiwtoifto 

P AimooI Pi OUmSto 

B NaWwah w Paraot 3 Pwtamoulb 

... - 1 1 ajnrejtagr 


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Fourth division 

Bmtey P j 

ConteUgoIMM 4 I 

The win meant Swindon regained 
the leadership of the fourth division 
from Chester who went top an 

Scottish premier division 

through the eyes of the chib s "In the last half hour we played 
accountants. quite well but we were well bciow 

It would be almost impossible for par before that," Atkinson admn- 
Coyentry to resist an offer of around ted, At their tiny ground, with 
£500.000 for Gibson, even though meagre facilities, it is bard to take 
his loss would make the job of Don Oxford seriously as a first division 
Mackay, the club’s manager, harder club; but where it matters, on (he 
than it is. Mackay would not be pitch, their hearts are in tbe first 
drawn on the question of any division. “They play a lot of uice 
transfer that might be in the offing football you could natch every 
but he has cancelled a trip abroad week,’’ Gordon StrachuL United's 

CoUwaSar (MM 





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this week. 

If Gibson does go to United we 

week." Gordon Sirachan, United's 
energetic midfield player, observed. 
While they had nobody to match 

threatened Dewsbury. Smith and 
McCallion each scared two tries for 

Despile losing Rath bone, who 
was sent off. and Eccles. who broke " 
his arm for 15-Olecond time this. 
season. Warrington comfortabiv 
beat St Helens 26-16. 13 Helens,, 
fielding several resen-es because o£ 
injuries, made a strong second hall - ■ 
recovery after trailing 20-6 and " 
Ella, their signing from New 
Zealand, scored a spectacular 75 
yards interruption try. Gregory and- 
Johnson were outstanding' fur ■ 
Warrington, and figured in all their ' 
four tries. Carben kicked five goals 
for Warrington. 

Bradford Northern beat Hull 1S- 
8 in one of the surprise results of the 
da>. and it is obvious that even after 
the resignation Arthur Bunting, 
their coach, Hull are struggling to. 
recapture their form. 

FIRST DIVISION: Brarttord 15. Hu« e. 
Dewsbury 10. Halits* 32: Feamerstona 13. 
Leeds 20. OSdnam 24. York 16. Swlntco 12. 
Castlelard ID: Warrington 26. Si Helens 16 
SECOND DIVISION: Bartoy 11. Rocnoalg 18.' 
HudtfersfleM 8. Carlisle 16; Hunslet 20. Barre// 
ifl; KWghley 18. Fuduun 6: Leigh 36. Huncor.i 
H 18: Swrnaa 32. Bremlev li- WutmfaUrt iq. 
Whhehavwi Z Doncaster ffi. Workinmon 5. 

Wigan 11. Hufl Kingston Rovers B. 

will be left with a vision ol a League Sirachan for skill, Oxford gave their 
in which smaller clubs serve merely largest crowd of the season (wait for 
as breeding grounds for bigger ones, it . . . 13.2801 total commitmenL 
To some extent this has always been Houghton and Phillips provided 


iusuuEoicmini> ii««»4y>TOn Mougmon ana rnnups provided sr-i g jo 

the case. It is just that the gap regular service for Aldridge and 11,11218111(1 S V0UI1C 
between the Manchester Ltniteds t^a-orihv in .inark hm >br former I ?? • © 

Scottish first division 

7 4 32 19 27 between the Manchester Uniteds 
5 a 35 to to and the Coventrys is wider than 
5 6 31 24 25 ev „ 

2 to 29 11 H Not surprisingly, Coventry’s 
5 10 30 40 17 players are feeling the pressure. 
4 is 1 ? » in Ma ’ cka >‘- a man wilh Pcriiaps too 
much compassion for his job. 

Le worthy in attack but the former 
was less sharp than usual and the 
latter was frequently caught m 

That said Lewonhy did score his 
fourth goal in five appearances since 
his transfer from Tottenham. It was 

compared their recent experience to well taken, too. Trcwick’s free-kick 

Ayr tinted 
East Fife 
Foriar Alidade 



Crtctwsfer Unted 25 11 4 10 46 39 87 

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AylesOurv 0. WRrwv 2; BasioasiDka t, FWior 1; 
t»t^ 2. WBertiaB T: Duftry l. Afoactuxeti J; 
rW Rfltaoaino 2. .Ckwmnd ttogjjj 

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Crewe Alexandra 25 8 6 13 27 42 24 X^ABtettc 

Preston North End 28 6 5 15 315223 
Torquay Unted 24 3 5 18 19 54 14 SC0ttf9h j 

BEDTORDSHKStattOR CUP: Swtttd feted: «*«* 

Beamkoc 2. Many 3; 61 FC Luton 2, P**^ *™0” 

GREAT 1018 WESTERN LEAGUE: P lo t ter nm ”’ na ™ 
AMOK Wrtont 7, Shorten MaOot ft Cr*nffieh J 

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1 Uontroe 2 

2 FartWi* 0 

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that of the man who drives his car 
out of the garage five times and 

looked to be heading for Bailey but 
Lewonhy intercepted and turned 

keeps denting it. “The ^siseth time the ball in. Thus was Whiteside's 
you're a bit apprehensive". eleventh-minute close -range goaf! 

Saturday’s match, in which cancelled oul though Uni ted should 
Coventry threw away two points not have had to wait that long for 

rather than gained one, said more their lead as Hughes, unmarked, 
for the state of their confidence that stumbled over Stracban’s incisive 
their football. After Stain rod had ball into the area. 

put Aston Mila ahead in the first 
minute. Coventry came from 

Atkinson, returning to the club 
where he spent most of his playing 

nowhere to lead 3-_I at half-time days, was warmly applauded on to 

first strings 
tie up easy win 

By Colin McQniUan 

Led for the first time by the youn-. 
players on whom depends their 
competitive future, England yester- 
day completed a three-day rout of 
the rest of Britain in the annual • 
home international tournament at - " 

Lucy Sou tier, aged IS. and Jamie 
Hick-ox aged 21. who will compete - 
later this week at the Blue Suaios 
British Open under-23 champion- 
ships. in which they will meei 
sterner opposition, set a fine 

with a^ from R^_s and two (one the pitch before the game as Oxford SSgf' SMiruSHP £ 

a penalty) from Kilcline. 

presented him with a crystal ball. 

Then self-doubt was fuelled by Should he decide to use it his 

disbelief and even though Orgri zo- 
vic saved a penalty from Evans, 
Coventry yielded second-half goals 

happiest vision would be to see an 
early return for Robson and 
McGrath. While they are absent. 

Scottish second division 

■u • iwt nroitn u« -«• -- -------- nancon i: luuiimamri o, mwL _ . . 

^-Tydtl 2. ftAhcton V, V3 Btopf crown and Minor 2. Yiadkig 3; Edtfwi» Z 0;TB3urrYoBfo^1;Uxti^ 

r^wKwl MowGiwre^TwtoWovBftJ' p«nnantftH«m*rtIg.awil^1 . - - HMinm - 2. Socond Orickre Rente 

V Gradual Z Sredtom DhtefaOi AKfam s, n vaS& Foadb Bourek tStmnMxm tM «. BwUunated 0. totahworfa 1; Cteptor 0. 
'-Vvitoodtod 1; fliMrem md .HBnjte ^ h^' f; totorky f Kfcgstxxy S Hartford 3, D: Saffron 

- Aahtanl 3: Caaduro 2, Dow ^fXJri^fe 1, OifaotehrenSAbiifrto.'l^fc^ m5£n t. Qiwh mt 1; W to tep^yi 1 . Hrewl 

^ ! Dorchester ft Erith and MWMtJ. i. aSam 2; Coundon T 1, Tto torth.l; , Hmratefd Z 3e«red DWfan . goofc 

DMn ft Heyest, Sutton uu. frvtekw Bttrtmf 7, Stertrti 
>.Mngstonten1:WlndsargE1, Claverion OL CteTOcwn r, Ewnoudi i, 
DMcmk Awtey2. St AfcancS; uMwadliRenul I.Tnretonl; 
ft QiHhm 2, Werebtoy 2; 5.M«ft9h8nftPWtenO,DeMM 
Argyte Rossivn v Bamtebte, 

2. Bristol City reearvos 3. 

Htetuw 1. Barehun Wood l: 
Homdwcft l: oxtord ate -2, 
tmovniMi United ft StskiH ft (JHdMrtreMi 

EoatSthflng 3 

Hate Rovers 0 

Scottish Cup 

Second round 
HtefcfcRA 1 

Nairn County 1 

« Baratck 
S Qu aaa's Pwfc 

to Gray and Ellion as Villa Untied's five point lead at ihe top of | 
produced the sort of form which the table seems more likely to shrink 

suggests they will aoi be in the 
emergency relief zone for long. 

than to scow. 


A Judge J Trawtck, N 

COVENTRY: S OartzMc. 0 oomiws, Q Downs. Satar. L ftiUas, J Chwies. M snanon, M 
L McGratn, B KBflnra (sute D BotemjnkT Jon ea jeute P WKredw-Browi|. J AMntiga, D 
Feafto, K HDtaBi W Turner, C Reals, T Ofcnon, Lewrtt hy.THe bbom.R Houghton. 

AWgsims MANOESTER UNITED: Gully; J Gidrnan, A 

& Johnston* 

ASTON VXJJt: NBplnlc D Norton. A Dorioo, 
A Erans, p EKon. P flireh. P Kerr, s Stemrea, A 
Gray. S Hotfge. M Wjaiore. 

Referee; P Siaw (Sanrtrech). 

Leworthy, T Hubbard. B Houghton. 
Albfston, N wmuxm, K Moran, w Garten, C 
Backmora, G Strertun, M Hughes, F 
Steptoten, C Gteawl 
Roferae: A Gunn (Burgees WQ. 

SBCOnd ««wl fBP'avs 

-riiwnri' 0 Ctietterts t; By CKy 0 (baetyarmouth ft saritoa 8. FortWUsns 

; - > AoUtoWl CHAIXENOE CUft.8e eonri ire rere 

'< BMx» Auckland A.SwWon It O recw L a; 

SirB«fi, Stonnymoor 3c Seehtm i, Petertee* 


[Huoknal CWl 

0. Seuttmick ft I 

-deafi. ' 



HSTrSs sets. . - 

^q sa 'ggt'gga'i gg- 

Dtedtey 1l C(u»Kfon»2CbfersIi» 

ft HwowiortftMariowl; 

Rreeatar AWere. Bounre ft Rrtfuwi ft 

LM02; Brerthan Ath 0, Ttoirae Utd 4; Cterton 2 
■ml? n Chatteris i; By CKy C GrwyannouOi ft 
■ Sri&iX Fabatowe 3 Ihetford'ft dortestoo 2 HevartiB 
i nSmS 1 ; ttenrich aid PO Bunr ft Hbtm 1 UMMtah 
*8Mfc ftNBHinaricatOSkteiaerigetft 
tinted 1, HE COUNTIES LEAOUft Afaetan ft Enter 1; 

■ n |»|na fgirt re a« BfutereMteote 

ABiMW I *W Ib ■VKMnDll llfrl Be iViWnPW 


Appteby-Frcd 1, BrUftyui THn 1: Fontekwt ESSBLaa*m umub 

ft Dte^y UU 1; Thaddey 3, Arrethorpe ^Kft^S 1iBowvs2; 

SSuVAHr LEAQUE: fibriuborough 2 T1w g°* 

Ctnriey 1; MeototfeU 2 Burton 1: 

1- postpivieft VMhere ft Brertenod 2; Whrenboe were dlSpfiDed when tuey OWW I-i 

mbe'i SSfcft to* offiteh ?: D ^ 2°“**? V"?^. £ .“2BS 

uremni ftOoofe ftSouWport o i*aa3MUt£X omuh' their four-point lead at the top of the 

oft Mm 1 Matkuk l; Wariangten 0 premier division ahd record their 

i to 1 ft V-' A i T « i 

'Vsf.ft Rjtwpo ft Sooend fr riator Atete* ft 

r-' / Stfldun ft Aatdmnn ft OmfogtoR fies ft Tnini.tnuuisr 

, Ouftam ft Dwftratan C8 1: Norton ft EnfleU 2 

^ 4 SB^Seatiasr 



FroreterdMafen: Abinodon United ft Ftotod 
i:WaSDOBnl.Wteteoei. - 

South tfoerwji ft Qoeie ft Southport o 
Woricwgi ft MM 1 Mattoric l; WarMn fl ten 0 

drein Ash ft waeffiatd ft ChoMvm ft 
Horiay ft FteWtfi 1. CranW^i ft Fteet ft, 
Fandura 7: 

tt j pi • j j-n had they played in the national 

Hearts fly into the sun I 1 defeat on Saturday of the Welsh 

n u l rr i No l, Adrian Davies, is significant 

By Hugh Taylor for ihefr hopes in the under-23 

Any doubts about Heart of fast open football and cheered by ev * ni tfiis 
Midlothian's claim to be the leading spectacular goals. Mackay, who had _ ’ * suiu]ar *?° rcll “ c agam*t Aw 
contender for the championship seen his penalty kick saved by 1 °* .Septan*** yesterday 

were dtopeDed when they drew 1-1 Thomson, made up for that miss by unde ™ aed do “ e ® uc 

wife Dimdee United to maintain opening, the scoring to the 62nd sop^rionty. Ashlev Naylor, praying 
their four-point lead at the top of the minute with a fine shot Bui even ***“““ string , , twia wop W). 9^, 

England teams which lacked tbe 
weight of Lisa Opie. Manine Le 
Moignan Philip Ken^’on. Gawain 
Briers and Geoff Williams, the pair 
led the way to victory achieved 
without the loss of a match. 

Miss Souner is. of course, the new 
national champion and leads 
England s women by right. She 
defeated Debbie Turnbull, of Wales, 
Mary - Byrne, of Ireland, and Alison 
Cruikshank. of Scotland, without 
dropping a game. 

Hickoi is ranked third in the 
latest England list, although it must 
be said that four or five players 
might have challenged that seniority- 
had they played in the national 
championships in November. His J- 
1 defeat on Saturday of the Welsh 
No l, Adrian Davies, is significant 
for their hopes in the under-23 
event later this week. 

A similar scoreline against A b? 

ifetwntaM 1; O Raptontem 9. 0 Chlpwoiaaos 
ft Bret AMree O AnManT 5. O 

jMk fif imm nn sppp im rnmnuiiuF 


more >toipreasKnBsk3ejfarmc»e of tto 

grerotern ft nag 3 Qwft. B W q t re te Bag <**“«• cvcn Dussm » a penalty. Aberdeen, at ftnodrieand* 

t| Deflate a gale, the near-20,000 Scottish Cup tie wife Rangen seven 
Aiuwfeio. • crowd ai Tynecatife was treated to days later. 

HHHHHf niiu a um quin, uui even a a * ■ . . . : 

the qualiry of that goal wax bettered « the weekend _ and dropped 
by the eqtmltoer. afiret-time drive fpiirpomts m his thiro matah, 
by Bannon eight minutes later. Fgt 

sixteemb successive victory in the „„„ - - - . . _ 

Scottish League- by Bannon eight minutes later. 

In a splemfid contest they may SSSsT^VSS Sft^iK££ 

have been unfortunate not to have GETL*"-! ( improved Scottish third string. 

^vSCfor ."ScJto S 

inarpli neat 

ft Intend 3. Serttend 2. TIM round: England 
S.SQrttendO: MM4, Wate* 1. ■ 




Obeng gets 
to sprint for! 

By Pat Butcher 

Ernest Obeng, winner of the 
Arrow Games indoor 60 metres in 
6.71 seconds at Cosford on 
Saturday, will almost certainly be 
eligible to compete for England in 
this year’s Commonwealth 
despite having represented his 
native Ghana m the two previous 

Obeng, 29, currently studying for 

a PhD in ecology at Loughborough 
University, first came to study in' 
E nglan d in 1976. He was a 100 
metres finalist in the Common- 
wealth Games in Edmonton In 
1 978. and reached the semi-finals in 
the following Games in Brisbane, 
both for Ghana. 

But his relations with Ghana's 
athletics federation became uneasy 
when they decided not to send 
anyone to the 1980 Olympic Games 
in Moscow, saying them was no 
athlete of sufficient high standard. 

Obeng had to pay his own way to 
the 1983 world championships in 
Helsinki. And in 1984. in Los 
Angeles, the Ghanaian mm manage- 
ment accused Obeng, a teetotaller, 
of drinking in the Olympic Village 
and withdrew his entry for the 
Olympic 100 metres. 

John Holt, the London-based 
secretary of the International 
Amateur Athletics Federation, 
confirmed yesterday that Obeng 
would be eligible for England in 
Edinburgh, and the dimin utive 
sprinter may even be eligible for the 
British team for the European 
Championships at Stuttgart at the 
end_of August. 

Mike McFarlane and Donovan 
Reid, fifth and seventh in the 
Olympic 100 metres, ran in the 200 
metres at Cosford on Saturday, 
which the former- won in 22.38 
seconds. But Obeng beat two 
potential Commonwealth rivals in 
the two Scots. Cameron Sharp and 
Elliot! Bunney. and now looks 
forward to meeting another Scot, 
the double Commonwealth cham- 
pion Allan Wells, at the national 
indpor championships again at 
Cosford in two weeks time. 

Diana Davies, of Leicester, 
created the only new meeting record 
on Saturday when she added onw 
centimetre to her winning perform- 
ance last year with 1.91 metres in 
the high jump. 

Brittain's most impressive junior 
athlete, Jonathan Ridgeon, easily 
won the 60 metres hurdles in 7.82 
seconds. He leaves for Dallas on 
Wednesday to train with the top 
American hurdler Henry Andrade 
under the supervision of Keith 
Connor. European and Common- 
wealth triple jump champion, who 
is now assistant coach at Southern 
Methodist University. 

Cosford winners 

MEN: >0 naMK E Obarn (Morava), 6.71MC. 
S8ai b uJu- J RUgaonpStfigM, TJtne. 
200 man: M McPartans {HaTOmyL 
22JBMC 400 MMK M Hanrieh (UFL 
Kmrant, 47.65sac. 800 Wft M. J Evans 
flJvtvpooft Unto SftIBwc 1,500 HtorM: C 
McGoorgn (Loughborough). 3nHr 46J2a*e. 
Trtpl* jumpc J swwwy (Windsor), T&JlIra 
Pol* vault A Atowrto (Sato) 5.30m Shot M 
Winch (Bufchsath). 18.15m Lang funge J King 
(Madway). 7.17m 

WOMEfe 80 moms: W Hoyts (Haiabw) 
7-42S8C. 80 mb** huRtec H Ross (Bristol), 
8.4 mg 200 m*bw: s Gums (Essex}. 
24.72ssc. 400 uwti a *- P Was (Wolverhampton 
and fttatonl. 55A0a*c. 800 mattes: A WSmms 
(SstaL 2 mm 8J2MC- 1,500 matm: K Carter 

(Sate). 4 min 2B83a*c. 3.000 
Indoor U>aira >l u w a Mp 1. R Smith (Hand). 
9mtt 22XBsoc 2. J Clark* (ShaHtald). Ontei 
22.70**c 3. S Croton (Suton). flmfa 3ft70aec. 
MahJU&gBDDavtosnjicMWr}; 1 Sim. Shat J 
Oates (Croydon). 18.00m. 


Solent will 

By Nicholas Harling 

Favourites come no greater than 
Team Polycefl Kingston in tonight's 
Prudential National Cup final at the 
Albert HalL Spcrrings Solent Stars 
would have had little enough chance 
against the cup holders had they 
gone into the game at foil strength, 
but they may well start without 
Brian Skepgb. iheir centre who 
badly twisted his left ankle in going 
for a rebound in Saturday's bruising 
defeat at Birmingham. 

“It couldn't be worse," Steve 
Fitzsimons, Solent's coach said; 
“Brian Won't be 100 per cent and I 
doubt if he will start," Without 
Skeogh, Solent will undoubtedly 
struggle, if Kingston strike the form 
they showed in the world invitation 
club championship final against 
Maccabi Tel Aviv at Crystal Palace 
eight days ago. The one flicker 
keeping Solent going is that 
Kingston, who lost, playing badly in 
a controversial finish at Manchester 
Giants on Saturday can be 
notoriously inconsistent against 
teams they consider their inferiors. 

“We're just hoping they're feeling 
the same way about us." Steve 
Fitzsimons. their coach, said. 
.Although Fitzsimons. a 34-year old 
college PE teacher, takes his squad 
into the final as overwhelming 
underdogs, he has never lost a 
national cup game as Solent's coach. 
He was in charge for the second of 
their three successive cup triumphs 
against Birmingham between 1982- 
S4, and was back again for this 
season's run. “Certainly it must be 
the first time that Solent have ever 
gone into a cup final not being the 
favourites" he said." Thai doesn't 
bother me though. Nobody tipped 
us to be back yet here we are." 



FA Cup: 

Third round: 

Bury v Barnsley 
Carlisle V OP Rangers (7.45) 
Middlesbrough v Southampton 
Sheffield United v Fulham 

Sheffield Wed v west Bromwich 
Stoke City v Notts Courfly 

Third round replays 
Aston VBa v Portsmouth 
Blackburn v Nottingham Forest 
Bradford City v Ipswich Town (at EHand 

Darby County v Glfingham 
Reading v Hukterefifid 

Fine Fare Scottish League 

Premier DMtoon 1 
Celtic vMMhenwa 

GOLA LEAGUE: Dagenham * Weaktetone. 
FA TROPHY) tott round: Bangor CWy 

VAUXHALL OPEL LEAGUE: Premier iflvtaJore 
UtorcntervRS Southampton. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Wotmtomplon Wan- 
derarav Bolton Wanderers (7 JJ). 

FA YOUTH CUP: TIM round: Ctesterflata v 
M an ches ter united. TNrd round 
Cteriont AihtetJc v Wimbledon (7.1 
Dorset FCvAmw, 

‘SURREY SaflOT Off: Hnt IWM npfcyi 
Croydon v Sutton Umted- 

e mm sport 

SQUASH RACKET* Under 23 open (Marlowe). 

England's preparations for 
the five nations’ championship 
match against Wales at Twi- 
ckenham on Saturday, which 
have run so smoothly hitherto, 
sustained something of a hiccup 
over the weekend. 

Steve Brain, the hooker and 
pack leader, turned his left 
ankle at the beginning of 
Saturday morning’s squad train- 
ing and took no further part in 
the proceedings. Simmons re- 
placed him during the two 
training periods that day and 
yesterday morning when Eng- 
land played three 20-minute 
match" sessions against oppo- 
sition drawn from Richmond 
and Old Paulines at St Paul’s 
School, in Barnes. In addition, 
Moore, the England B hooker 
whose club, Nottingham were 
in London beating Rossi yn 
Park, joined the squad. 

But the ' absence of Brain 
could not be ignored since he 
has an organizational as well as 
‘ playing role. In addition, he 
was eager to gain as much 
understanding at the lineout - 
as thrower in - with Colclough 
as possible. Fortunately, Eng- 
land's medical advisers are 
confident he will be fit to win 
his tenth cap against Wales so 
there will be daily progres s 
reports emanating from Coven- 
try this week. 

Barnes, the replacement 
stand-off look no part yester- 
day because of a tender 
[hamstring, while the Welsh 
players, most of whom were 
involved in club games on that 
day, came through intact save 
Hadley, the left wing, who 
sustained a groin strain during 
Cardiff s reverse against Abera- 



Brain’s injury 
upsets rhythm 
of preparation 

By David Hands, Rngby Correspondent . 

von which forced him to leave, 
the field as a precaution.-. - 

England were keen to give 
their players some kind- of' 
match practice over the week- 
end. Several of them have not' 
played for a month, but the 
benefit of the two squad 
weekends has been the increase 
in team spirit' and mutual , 
confidence, intangible assests, 
but important. 

The selectors were also keen 
to use Twickenham for their, 
last weekend of preparation, as 
they did the weekend before, 
but this was -denied them 
because of the. proximity of the 
international match. Famifiari- ■ 
zation has been' the predomi- 
nant theme of the selectors: for 
the players with each other, 

with their surro unding * - they 

have stayed at the same 
Richmond hotel that England 
use customarily before Inter- 
nationals - and with the 
national ground so that it may 
become as much a hone ground 
to them as Murrayfield is to a 
Scot or Lansdowne Road to an 

At least their goalltickera will 
continue to me Twickenham 
for practice on Thursday and 
Friday of this week, though the 
last two days of team prep- 
aration will be at St Mary’s 
College, Strawberry Hill, as 

England also had the benefit 
yesterday of Roger Quittenton's 
expertise during their match 
sessions: as a member of 
England’s international panel 
and secretary to the five nations 
committee on refereeing, he was 
able to ensure that they know 
exactly what the law requires of 

comes late 

By Gordon Allan 

in attack 

By Bryan Stiles 

Gloucester .......................15 

Leicester..... —..10 

London Scottish aaiHHNtMt 21 
Gosforth .......... .... 6 

Leicester made two or three small 
but influential mistakes at Kin- 
gsholm tfn Saturday and lost a 
match in which they scrummaged 
and tackled well enough to deserve 
better. Gloucester scored three tries 
and a penalty goal to a goal and a try 
and the merit of their victory may 
be judged partly from the feet that 
they did not take the lead until 10 
minutes before the end. 

Immediately after half-time, 
when Leicester were leading 10-0, 
Hare fumbled on his line and Breeze 
scored for Gloucester from the 
subsequent scrum. A penalty by 
Smith made it 10-7, and then came 
the second significent error by 
Leicester, although in this case there 
was a suggestion of ill-luck. 

Cusworth, from the middle of his 
22, failed by a fraction to find touch 
and Morgan returned the ball high 
towards the posts. Gloucester 
mauled it back while Leicester were 
still recouping and Hannaford gave 
Morgan a try in the corner and 
Gloucester had the lead at last 
Hare, to a roar of mingled 
disbelief, disappointment and de- 
light, missed a penalty almost in 
front of the posts; Morgan scored 
another try in injury time; and the 
expressions on the feces of the two 
teams as they trooped off to their 
pies and chips can be imagined 
without any effort. 

Gloucester, who lost Preedy with 
a leg injury just before the interval, 
were unconvincing in the first half 
but afterwards, helped by a gusting 
wind, kept the pressure on with 
much of their old single-minded- 
ness. You could see them waiting 
for the cracks to appear, and appear 
they did. 

Accurate kicking by Cusworth 
and Dodge, and valiant work by the 
forwards, earned Leicester their 10 
point lead. Cusworth began a 
movement 70 metres out that ended 
with Evans outpacing the cover to 
score near the posts, and Richards 
got their second try from a scrum, 
which Hare converted. 

SCORER& Gkncutar Idea: Bnm. tagen 
OX. Pm for: Smith. LatoMter: Trim Evans. 
Richar ds. Conw taa: Haro. 

GLOUCESTER: T Smith; D Moron. R McL*an. 
P Tayter. J BreeZK M Htrrtln. M Hanrafofo; M 
PrwKfy (rap: L Cummin*). K White. R P**ean. J. 
Gadd. J Orwin. J Srakl M Longatafl. J Bamra. 
LEICESTER: W Ham B Enin, P Oodga. 6 
BurnNI. K WHams: L Cusworth. N Youngs. S 
Radtam. C Trssster. W Rlqhardsen. J Wfts, J 
□andaon. M FoUkw-Aroold. R TattML D 

Rstar**: G Soddan (ManchwnrV 

SCORERS: Lo n don Be* Stele Tita Wan. 
Batten. Gordon. Cushtag. fteivril o n: Iran* 
Psoatty ant; Irvin*. Gosteth: P e nalty gnte: 
Johnson (2) 

Hawick are windswept 
to the top of the tree 

By Ian McLanchlan 

Hawi^'s 13-9 defeat of Kelso in 
driving rain and high wind, and the 
6-12 reverse by their nearest 
challengers, Stewart’ s-MelviUe, at 

the hands of Heriot’s pul Hawick 
rwb points clear at the top of the 
Scottish championship table: 

Given the conditions. Hawick 
and Kelso, played a much mote 
expansively than expected. Hogarth 
put Kelso ahead ' with three 
successive penalties from five 
attempts. Gass converted Hawick's 
only chance of the first half with a 

beautifully judged penahb kick. 

With a 9-3 deficit and the wind 
behind them, Hawick camped on 
the Kelso tine. Their - visitors 
defended stoutly. Gass kicked a 
second penalty and put his side levd 
with, picking up a Kelso fly-hack, he 
calmly dropped a goal from 35 

With seven minutes to go, Kelso 
turned the Hawick scrum but 
Turnbull drove supported by 
McGaughey and Deans, to the line, 
where Hogarth picked up and 
twisted over for Hawick's decisive 

A weakened StewartVMelvflie 
made Aeriot's fight all the way for 
victory at InveriehlL In injury tune, 
with the score 6-6 after two penalties 
apiece by Ferguson and Hewitt, 


Welsh connection: the exile Rees is caught by Jones of Bath {Photograph: Chris Cole) 

Bath are caught in possession 

By David Hands 
Rngby Correspondent 

London Welsh. 26 

Bath 3 

A shaft of sunlight and a 
surprising rainbow banished the last 
shreds of gloom lingering at 
Richmond after the previous week’s 
overwhelming defeat by Gloucester 
and ill animated the «lnH< of a 
decide! y more positive London 
Scottish side on Saturday. 

The Exiles bad clearly taken to 
heart some of the lessons inflicted 
on them by the hard men from the 
West Country and they attacked 
Gosforth with a relish that brought 
them victory by one goal, three mes 
and one penalty goal to two penalty 

They held the upper hand in the 
lineonL scrummaged- well, apart 
from a short spell after losing Grant 
their lock, through injury in the 
second half, and they began 
releasing the ball quickly to their 
backs when they saw the damage 
they could cause to a hesitant 
Gosforth defence. 

They must have been doubly 
pleased that, with one of their 
favoured sons, Campbell-Lamerton 
resting before his first game for 
Scotland next week, his replace- 
ment. Tosh, should have performed 
so nobly in- the Kneout and the 

The Gosforth pack do not possess 
the rugged power or the sheer 
doggedness of the Gloucester, 
forwards but they gave the Scots 
plenty to counter in the loose and 
Hall, their lock, had his moments of 
ascendancy in the lineout 

Their best move of the match 
ended with Batten entering die line 
from full bade to score a classic try. 
The Scottish forward triggered off a 
passing movement which linked up 
with die backs and produced an 
overlap for him to go over in the 

The fact that the Scots scored four 
tries without one in reply from the 
visitors bore testimony to their 
regard for the attacking game. 

After the viscisitudes of 1985, 
London Welsh can u least Haim to 
be unbeaten in 1986. In addition, 
despite having won just five times 
this season, their victims include the 
cup-holders of both Enriand and. 
Wales, although Bath’s side at Old 
Deer Park on Saturday contained 
only six regulars. 

Nevertheless, in losing by two 
goals, two tries and two penalty 
goals to a goal and a penalty, Bath's 
coaches must be concerned whether 
they can restore their side's 
accustomed efficiency for the John 
Player Cup defence at Orrell on 
January 25. Amid all the mitigating 
circn instances there was- a lack of 
tactical judgement mid some 
indifferent uric ling . 

Moreover, three of the four Welsh 
tries derived from Bath possession, 
pointing to the unwelcome feet that 
no matter how frequently Bath 
camped deep in their opponents' 
half, only once could they make it 
tcIL There were enough old heads in 
tite Bath side to have exened greater 

* There was additional interest in 
the presence, as' referee, of Bob 
Fordham, the Australian who wlQ 
officiate ax Twickenham on Satur- 
day. Mr Fordham handled two dub 
games in London last week but his 
third outing did not begin well: he 
was held up at Kni^h abridge and 
reached the ground just before the 
Irick-aff foregoing the usual prep- 
aration, which is as important to a 
referee as it is to a player. 

He was then faced with a series of 
scrummaging problems, not -un- 
known to those who have to play 
against London . Welsh's small, 
auggetty and very experienced front 
row. Fofland. Bath's loose head, 
promoted from the third team, was 
in desperate trouble against Bradley 
and the Bath scrum never settled. 
But when Mr Fordham needed to be 
strict, after the skirmishing of the 
first quarter, be was not And it was 
no surprise to find -open warfare 
among the front rows early in the 
second half 

Collapsed scrums, slipped bind- 
ing, delayed put-ins, “flashing** by 
the hookers which led to the 
unlikely score, in terms of heels 

.On the cre di t side, when be could, 
Mr Fordham -allowed' the game to 
flow while observing ' the new 
demands on re fe re e s which the man! 
law requires, and he was pleased to 
frrui players, remaining on. their feet. 
But he will require greater presence 
when England's game against Wales 
gives him his first major inter- 

At least the Welsh ran well for 
their tries on a day- when - the 
blustery wind make kicking, out of 
hand at goal, an immrtain business. 
They led 12-3 at half-time, Yeandle 
doing weH to skip out of two tackles 
for lus first try. His second was a 
spectacular effort which' began when 
Williams was permitted to elude 
three Bath ladders, while on the 
-other wing Rees showed the 
experience of his years by -turning 
two defenders inside out before 
sending Walkings over the fine. 
SCORERS: London WoWc Trtes Yeond* 

«. FaTOGss A Martti <2). Stole Try Monteon. 
Conrorta i ~~ 

i Sariey. Ponwty Stantay. 

LOftoON WELSH: A MOTOR A Yoondte. J 
WBora. G Ltoou. C Ro*s fcaptt H Evans, M 
Dougte: T Jonas. B LtfeB SnTOoy. T 
Waidm E Ltevto. 3 Pag*. J Evan*. M 

against the head, of five-three to the 

‘elsh, all led to frustration, which 
was partly of the players' making, 
partly of the referee's.- • 

BATH: C Martel: A awn. A Tnomoo, J Guocott. 
B TrovBskbr M Sutton, C Stanley; C Poland, G 
Daw*. R La*, R Spuml fcapt), J Monteon, M 
Jon**, PHmpMttvDEgerwn: ■ . } . - t . 

Makeshift Neath win 

By Gerald Davies 




..... 4 

LONDON SCOTTISH: I Batten: 8 WXters. G 
Gordon. S Into. B Watt N OwsworttL A 
QjsMra N War. I Kcfc, M Kta. I Mental. D 
Toah, R Gram (rape A Manhall, S Austin. J 

ooSFOrmt J WMskar J Poooeft. M Lowtfwr. 
P Jamteson. P CusariQ □ Joh nso n. T 
CtaKxrt A Jotnm (rap: O Snotoul m 
P rantdand. J Curry. D Davison, K Wastgann. C 
Hal, K McGovam. Q Smaftmod. 

Hataraa: J C UOa (London). 

The main interest, not necessarily 
to those from Moseley, but certainly 
for all others at The GnolL, w as the 
application of the new interpret- 
ation of the law appertaining to the 
maul, which 'was being applied for 
the first time in Wales. It remains 
highly ambiguous and mystifying 
because the law as it is written down 
is still being ignored. 

Although the law refers to any 
player falling in the maul, the 
referees, in actual feci, have been 
advised to consider the man 
canying the ball and to call for a 
scrum only if he goes to the ground. 
It is ludicrous that what amounts to 
a minor point of detail should prove 
so irritating at this stage of the 
season, a week before the inter- 
national season is due to start. 

But like the tiniest itch it cannot 
be ignored, it is' to be hoped that 
none of the results in the five 
nations championship will h ang on 
some referee's strange whim in this 
respect. Mote importantly, that it 
should not deny the opportunity for 
enjoyable contests. 

At The Gnofl. where the home 
side won by two tries to one. there 
were a few examples of the whistle 
stopping the flow of the game 
because of this misleading law. It 
was a poor game. Quite where the 
feult lay is hard to say. 

Early on Moseley, through Boyle 
in the front or Jeavons and 
ShillingfoTd az the back of the liae- 
oul seemed to enjoy a good share of 
the possession. They executed some 
promising moves, too. from the 
back of the scrum. But not at any 

stage though did they look like 
posing a threat in the three-quarters, 
however hard they tried. 

Perhaps they should have xur 
their losses and played a more fully 
committed, though limitd. grmc at 
forward against a makeshift Neath 

The home side were none too 
sure of themselves either. True, they 
lost Graham Davies, their left wing, 
early on in the' first half to be 
replaced by Carl Gnojek, scrum 
half, but still Moseley refused to 
give Goodwin a run- at a man 
playing out of position. 

Neath, too, were without their 
international players, Jonathan 
Davies and Paul Tborburn as well 
as Mark Jones, their back row 
forward, who win be on the bench at 
Twickenham next Saturday. They 
had a few of their characteristic 
charging runs with Jones, Pugh and 
Roland Phillips invariably to the 
foie. Pardoe and Jacob had a couple 
of thrusting midfield runs, but none 
of these were ever sustained. 

Moseley went into the lead when 
Smith executed a scissors with 
Exeter who linked up with Recardo. . 
Goodwin did well to take his 
awkward pass to go over in the 
corner. Neath replied with a try by 
Kevin Phillips after a thundering 
forward drive down the stand side. 
There was even less activity in the 
second half and the only spore came 
from a try by Roland Phillips. 

NEA3K- S P 0 *tok E RMS. D Jacob, S Pardo*. 
G Dames; (rep: C Gnojaty, L Evans. A Booth: K 
PftiSps. M retards, J PugtT. R PhflCps. H 
Rltarts, 8 Clapg, L Joras. P Ptepi. 

MOSELEY: iJfetet; J Gooch-*. C Smith. 1 
UcMttn. D Pam* T Extoar, S Robson; M . 
Unrwtt G Cox. v Ubaax N Jarans, S Bcyta. . 
A Recardo, S Masters, P SteSnafom 
Rstera* K Ftowtenaa (YnysytowiJ. 

SCORERS: Meath Tita K map*. Rotend 
Rtopa. MoaM T Try J Oootfoln. 

miss the 

By George Ace 

Leinster . 



The wisdom . .of undertaking . a 
tour in the mid-winter must study 
be occupying the minds of tfie 
Queensland parry after a second 
defeat in only three games played. It 
is nothing more than a statistic that 
Leinster’s winning score came in the 
fourth minute of mjury rime: it-was 
a game Leinster never looked Hire 
losing nor Queensland winning. 

. On a bitterly cold afternoon with 
a biting wind and* intermittent 
sheets if icy rain felling on an 
already soggy Landsdowu Road 
pitch. Leinster, not unexpectedly, 
adapted to the conditions better 
than the men from Australia’s 

Anderson may miss 
game with France 






London Se 



P W O 
5 4- 
4 3 — 

4 3 -• 
3 2- 
3 2- 
8 5- 

5 3- 
8 3- 






Steven, the Heriot’s full bade, 
roared into tire fine to score the 
winning try, which Hewitt con- 

The game was strewn with 
mistakes and charged-down kicks. 
The home side dominated the first 
half but Wyllie over-dtd the kicking 
rather thstt using the strong-running 

West of Scotland beat Melrose 
1 0-0 at Bum brae. The visitors 
started brightly, Shi el hitting the 
post with a drop-goal attempt after 
six minutes. They then came dose 
to a try as TumbuD and Moffat were 
stopped just short of the line. The 
loss of Redpath took the edge off 
their attack in g gam e. 

Barrett, who was drafted into the 
West team, to cover for Duncan. 

became the match- winner with two 

well-struck penalties, which were 

added to a try from Gray. 

John Rutherford, Gotland’s 
stand-offhalS was in sparkling form 
for Selkirk as they beat Gala 19-HL 
Rutherford not only scored 11 
points from a try, a penalty' and taro 
con versions but initiated many 
midfield breaks. Sefldrk’s other 
points caste from tries by Paxton 
and Pow. White scored two ln« 
and Dodds kicked a penalty far 
Gala. . 

3 1-2 

7 2-5 

4 1-3 

8 - - 6 










42 75 

64 75 

32 66.67 
48 8&B7 
118 B2.5 
55 60 

73 50 

50 3333 

134 tssr 

NORTHOBfe BManfteKl Rtok 2< CtwKsTOwm 
et Btactjum 14. Vkkars 3: Chaster 3. St 
l l a te na 13; Cote* and Natal 7. Mbaay 16: 
Osvarcon 6. Derby 15; D* La SaSa B, Fume** 
9: Ecctea 17. Aintofvintort.yn* 3; " 

Wiffie Anderson, Dungannon's 
international lock, is out of the 
Ulster- team that meets Queensland 
at, R^reohlZI tomorrow »" erentn* 
(George Ace writes). Amtend&'wlri 
captained Ulster against Leinster 
-test month damaged ligaments in Hs' 
knee against Queensland University 
at the weekend. 

. Initial diagnosis is that be has 
stretched the ligaments .bat he wfli 
be examined by a specialist today' 
and his chances of playing in 
Ireland's opening- game .against 
France hi Paris an' February 1 are in 

John Whitten (Instanlans)-. will 
take Anderson's place Id ' the Ulster 
team with the captaincy going to 
Phillip Matthews. 

15. Latah 13; mtetenfiata 11. oo*y 3; 
. HtZai ” “ ‘ 



L Hah 





RMhO 23; Kar 

North Manehattar 6; Lymra 25, Sedgtey Park 0; 
MtaOhMhka Cota n. Vtnaham 20; 
Morpeth 11. PwcvParti 10; IB. 

WBnwtow 14 OWh*m 1Z LWjborouph 3; 
Preston Gra ato wppwa 14. . Tyntafe 3: 
Roctvtete 7, West Parte 0; SanAaeh 12. 
AtaanrCelog* ft Sktaton 3, Cakter Vela 2ft 
SSSft wES 4: 17. Mta.22. 

BhWDWT Southport 3. Wigan ft Wlnnington 
PtrM 10. Wtfar 6. North Aim aaeood 
dMataK Codtarmoutft 31, CamfoTOi ft 
KMwick 10, WMarmara ft Wtujhaven 10. 

17. AsMord ft Gravesend 15. MaOiray 1ft 
S*»eoota 13, Charlton Para 13; Smingbom* 


TABLE: CtDctater 12. 


Brantwoods 1ft O GroeWtara 6. O 
RuSstems 19: 0 Duenortans ft O Rtogntans 
13: 0 Epsomians 9. 0 ftoarara 11. 

aatJEV omce equipment sovnmt 

MOOT TABLCr Mtttawd 10. GuBdfort end 
GotMrtng ft Newbur y 18. Reeatag n. 
MEfBT TABL& Matosone 28. Woedtafo 10. 

9. East Hem coam ft 
ft atom's Surtknt it Old 

pr 15 




SCHOOLS MATCHES; Hampton 7, Waftnfcir 
ftKhg G d w wtftk Bfamtaotam 37. Bablike T; 

Mnp'a, MksMW n.XncML Bufcpec* 1ft 

P e o ifc ig te n 2ft Harrogate 3; Rodteator Matt 

9. CMMunt 8M Step as. 30: R Otevtf* 

25, St JbMph's, Btaeuwtoh 4,- Htet Park 20. 

KJrkhsra G.S. 6. 

ULSTER 8EMOR LEAGUE: S*c0ta A: Armagh 
12, A ra ttomy ft Dun ga nnon U; Qumo* 
Ur taa k y 7: POrndawn ft Ante 2*. SacBoa St 
Coiftjtana 9, North 7, C8y of Deny 6, Mafona. . 

2i ; tanctoan a 18, Bangor 17. Cut Natahaw . 

BaVyam 15, St Mv/a ft Grower FB ft ' 



MBXNJE8BX CUP: Rotmm Ptok 3. HattequlM 
tftEMngftMmo. . 

sunshine state and finally tri- 
umphed by a goal.: three penalty- 
goals to three penalties . and a 
dropped gqaL 

There was an- abundance of 
aimless, kicking by. both sides 
with Dean, for Leinster. and.Lyna gft 
the main culprits, altboi^h the 
Australian did score all of Queens- 
lancfs points. The only enterprising 
move of the first half cainc in the 
27th minute when Leinster won a 
good ruck ball and spun it across the 
back. Murphy powered into the tine 
and chipped neatly for Haycock to 
gather first bounce and race over at 
the flag. Murphy-converted from the 
touchline and * penalty by Lynagh 
kfl the interval scordine 6-3. 

Murphy landed a penalty, 15 
mutates into the <«*«"** period then 
Lynagb kicked bis second .penally 
and dropped a goal to tie t&f scores.- 
Murphy and Lynagh. ' exchanged ! 
fitrther penalties before . a final 
Leinster surge resulted fit Queens-, 
land collapsing at. ^cnim .-and 
Murphy split the pdftts with an 
angled penalty from the 25. ' 


Lpy. . 


(0W Batvwterol. p 



.Sstfc. M Cooft B Maas 
Ftewtef. 8 Campbto, j M6ar.13HmML 



Tour signs Lawrence 

England ^e Ranatunga 
anxious brothers 

Gdomba (Renth) -.A 

widcct stand of asetfy 106 bei 

the captain Arjona Ranatonga and 

his elder brother Damnrika bd- 

'Senior official* of the Ted mJ 

Cnmtr Cridttt Board woonl do .... 

wfflita te fly to WoAIadl es t» ao* ■ stered Sri Lanka C o tta in timfr t wq- 
pUtpaa from head* day- u n rtt i h against -the England B 
SU fen that teamyKterday. 

fe tfhu o a a iug tour cun go 

were felt fat on* wuuH h^>- 

At4he momeBt, 

heard goBting from ffie Carib bean to 
suggest that the fl ueatea cd dferiQ- 
thm against the toenag team by 
trade unions is cansteg any official 
re-thinkfeg about EngtendY 

li We are in the hands of die West .miucfabyaday.- 

The Cohs, put in to bat by 
Ea gliad is the opening tour game; 
were 159 for four when bad fight 
ended pfey 45 minutes early. . 

• Rais washed out die first day’s 
play but Sri Lankan board offidab 
and Peter Lush, the England 
TTnmqg fe r r a^ccd to extend foe 

Indies Cricket Board and would 
naturally do anything we stgi Ifo 
help",*TCCB spokesumn «M-“So 
for we have heard nothing from the 
West Indies Board. *»..«» NW 
perhaps. It is n gooA rigs, hut, 
naturally 'ire remain ewww wire - 

theiner less than a fortnight _ 

Political so ur ces ia Port of Sp ain 
wham the main denkmstratioBs axe - 
iwfag .planned by sun# tita. 
nniDBistft remain: confldeat that the 
Trfandad and Tobago govenmuBt 
hare declined «o change .foArafat : 
The aouroes were certain that the 
tMV would go' ahead th ou g h there 
wbrid he demon strati o ns 
. Mr CSfrePadtia, a spokesman for 
foe. local anti-aparthod moreraenft 
saldlrem^thrSpalB: “We hare 
not had n reply llrom the goremment 
to the resolutioa we sent them from 
our-mecting last week. «Bhi* for 
those crldmteri 0 » foe TOf MackBst 
to be refused entry. That h not 
altogether snrprising as they Hcre^ 
ignored es before." : 

He. added: -“Yoa mast remamher 
goreraaaent act far political reasons 
and not always m matters of 
pri nc iple. - 

Mr Pantin confirmed that some of 
Us n u mbers were aho anmoas to 
mek* certa&rtlEat^Getffrey Boycott, 
foe framer R«gl**4 bat a ma a and 4' 
rebel touring ptijer to Sooth Africa, 
was. not - admitted; .to 'TruidadL;-. 
Boycott hasheeb Owrtracttd to cover 
foe tour for an Bnghmd Sunday 
-newspaper. It was abo confinncd 

M. von Hsgtb Cook. 

■ Artorta b Cook__. 


S. Antootal 


(B6.LB2.NB1 5). 

_ 2 




'FALLOtriWCKETS: 1-39, 3-40,3-140, 4-143, 

B tom fo Zfauhah w e to replace 
H toar there. 

To bat P Rodrigo. G Wtakroosatagtis. D 
AnratorL C Rananaytow. K Amtaan. 
Enteaod: W Sack. K Barnett, W A tow. M 
HCMms Jcajtaft D Randal, D 
Rttodas, TTrenSaft N Cook, D Lemnce, J 

Australia win at last 

Brisbane (Reuter) Greg_ Mat- 
thews underlin ed his reputation as 
one of Aastfalia y s most improved 
batsmen by guiding his couotn to a 
surprising win in < World Series 
Cup one-day match against India 

Australia. ■ needing 162 in 50 
overs, 'woe : 48 for five when ■ 
Matthews came in and tilted the , 
balance of the . match with an 
-unbeaten AS that gave his .side 
victory by. four wjdkets with 22 . 
deliveries to spare. 

Matthews, an all-rounder, whose 
defiant batting was one. of Austra- 
lia's. rare highlights in the recent 
Tests against New' Zealand .and 
India, took- the man -of-th e-match 
award* * 

‘■Matthews' . off-spin was not 
needed when- India, put in to bat, - 
were: disntidtotet for iC X6I in 43Loyeis , _■ 
by Aiisfraub’s ffi^e-man.ppoe atiqck. - 
India's problems were- compounded . 
by three run outt induding that of 
their captain Kap« Dev. for 1 6. T 

After the medium-paced bowlers • 
Roger Binny,' who took time for 38, 

India v Australia 

S Gavaskar bOsvte.- 

r-li-l-V '5 

KSTOrtouitticMlitBwanb'Mcf)sADOttL^L_ '. 6 

M Amamatti o PNBps b QBbwt-, : 13 

DY*HQ»wkarni« rt ■ • . - t - 1? 

MAahwuckSabWaatol. n . ' t ., •. 35 

JVfrtfv c MnitabiBkv^r- 

n Ofiwn 

Dw ran out. 

b Reid . 

CShanaaniiaut. ‘ 

IS Ktananl c MtotowtebM^amiett™. 
S Ytefcvnacout-M 

Extras (Vb 6, w2, rvb 2) . 

M Craw* c and b 

RHacSMcAmamstob Yadav. 

■J Coney cAztiarudAibYlute*. 









Totel (43 ovw*)_ 

Extras (H>l5.wt.D-b3B. 


FALL: OF VWCKFT8: 1-ft 2-13, S-H, *-«. 
"5-100, 6-100, 7-102, 8-113,0-160, 10-181. 
BOWLMG: C McDaimott 0-1-32*. S Dsvta 7- 
3-11-1:0 Gfeart 9-1-42-1; S Waugh KHMOft 
.B Rata ffl-24-L, . 



FALL OF WteKETS 1-12. 2-142, 3-171, 
4-196, 5-209, 6-223. 7-238, 8-254, 9-2S8. 
BOWLING: Kapfl Dev 12028-1: RBfcmyfrV. 
2&-1;C Shanna 7-0-43-2: M Amamati 10-1-40- . 
1;S Yadav BOOI-2; RStaaWBOOS-'L ' ' 


1W PNfobo ArmmMb b Bibwiy. 

D Boon cGavaskar 8 Bbaqr - 


DHontac Al ton ta rtn bBtrmy- 
Q Rttc&ia o end b Shwroa 

SVMsohb Ya 

not out. 



. 8 

»’ S- 







SGsvaatarb ChsTOtod. 
M Amato 


eOwwy b QBsspta- 

Extras 6-b8.w4.n01). 



FALL OF= WICKETS: 1-20. 2-27, 3-4ft 4-43. 
5-48. 6-1 ZZ. 

Total (5 vikte. 48 overt). 

BOWLING: Kapfl Osv 82-1-310: R Blniw 100- 
j 1MO80; 

38ft C Storma WM8-2; R Shatol 

M Annvnath BOOM; S Yadav 7-1-24-1. 

FAIL OF WICKETS: 1-40, 2-137. ,>164. 
4-162. 5-178. BOWLMQ: E Ctotflata V2-B1-1: 
R Hadis* 103-420: B BUr 20270; S 

GGsute 8-1*38-1; J Corny 80380:3 Boodc 
iw5-l: M CrowilO-SO. ' , . 


Clarke recalled to put 
England’ s chances away 

By Sydney. Frisian " 

Richard darke, of Tulse H01, will 
be back in the indbpr England . team 
for a throe-day event at foe Hants 
starting’ on January 24, 'The 
Haagsche ' Ddfise ; Mixed (HDM) 
tournament will mark the JjQpnning 

before foe Scots won 8-5 due mainly 
to the efforts ofLeiper. - 
The Irish came dose to snatchfog 
a point from England' on Sfourday, 
Hurst having to p e tfor ta ■; an 
acrobatic feat to save a .penalty.. 

.of a period 6f reamstructuring after .rtroke by Kirkwood. England won 

England's feilure to recover the 
Home Commies title fr o m Scotland 
who beat foern 4-3 at Crystal Palace 
on Saturday. 

Clarke, who has scored more than 
1 00 goals in foe indoor game, pfaiyrd 
for England in, foe tournament at 
Dundee two. weeks ago but was 
dropped from the side for Crystal 
Palace. Explaining why this was 

6-5 and went into the' crucial gome 
against Scotland, who- were even a 
1-0 lead:. at halftime by Christie 
before . I riper put ita™ m\ com- 
mand. England's scorers - were . 
Grimley,. Faulkner and ffberiianh 

Ireland, who had more flair tfum.fee; 

other three sides, finished fond after 
a 5-4 victory over Wales. 

done.; .John B aj£ t he England ■ i SibSfe -i" 

manager, said yesterday: “He has £22*. A rttand ft Btatt ft 

manager, said yesterday: “He has 
been around for a long time and we 
left him' out because we wanted to 
concentrate on younger players. We 
created a lot. of chances at Crystal 
Palace but foiled to put' the bah in 
the net more often. As Leman is not 
now aVailaWe we are bringing 

Cfetkfc bade. to. see if Jie can hdpus 
restore foe balance”. 

Scolta] 4. 

, potateA England M 

1, Sco ftrt 
. btowalftft Wtorap. 


The Test bagman Ranatunga was ‘ 

in sparkling foniti hitting nmeftmis 

in an unbeaten 63 in 155 minutes 
off 93 balls. The fest bowler; David ., 
Lawrence, suffered most os Sifit- 
tuna lulled five successive fours 
off Lawrence's, eighth over' to rice • 
.from 16 to 36. • — 

The openers. Motion Von. H&ght 
and Dammika Ranatunga put on . 39 
before left-arm spinner Nick Cook 
struck a double blow by bowfing 
Von Hagftt for 20 and. Stefen_ 
Anthoniesz in his next over. " 

Ranatunga then joined his 
brofoer in their century ttind that 
was ended when Cook, who took 
three. for 42. off 18 oven, bowled 
Dammfea Ranatonga round hzs legs ' 
for 44. 

The Sri Lankan board have 
arranged an extra one dor match. . 
a pmwr an invitation XL to be . 
played tomorrow at Moratuwa near 
Colombo. Tbe -invitation side will 
be captained, by Dukcp MendiSj the • 
Sri i«"1m Test c apt ain. 

jplan gc 

jlit to " 

H Lk 

and Chetan Sbarma, with two for 
28. had dismissed Anstrafio’s fipnt- 
lioc batting, slick running between, 
wickets by Matthews and Steve. . 
Waugh ensured Australia, sustained . 
the «dn» rate of 3.2 runs. per. aver. 

On Saturday, India won <*■ * ■ » * 
opening -match. Cheating . New 
Zealand in a hqfo-acraingencouitter 
in from of a crowd in exeesa of 

10 , 000 . -v - « - - - 

New Zealand batted first and 
scored 259 tor nine off focir SO 
oven -with 76 from -Matin Crane 
and 75 fiomBruoeJEdrar- ... 

The Indians repfiea witii 263 fin- 
five off 48 .overs to pass New . 
Zealand's total with five wickets in 
hand, but had toi fight hard-after 
Sunil Gavaskar snd.Krish Srikkanth 
put on 40 fi>r the first wicket at two ' 
runs a minute. - 

‘ With .20 overa^seomiing India, - 
needed- 99 rcMto^ - Bat . 
Srikkanth was rnnoutfor D, topve . 
New Zealand a gtimpie-af victory. 
However, Kapil Dev steered hn 
team to. victory. with an luibeaten.. 


1 “ 

3XL ' 
ir -.-t 




New ZealandT India 

: NEWZEALAND . . V “ "» J 
B Edgar bKapfl Dav. 

iish ma\ 


lain in 
th boat 





18. • 







5^:: ' 


’n. — . . 

.llTtiEf ■ 

England again 
champions ~ 

-■ - 

.In the match against Scotland a 
slide tackle by Hurst, the Endand 
goalkeeper, - led ■» . a penalty stroke 
which Lripcr converted to put the 

England are women's 
champions, fin- the 

(Joyce Whitehead ^ 

retained the home anmtieft 
pHmship played in Co* <m 

men's' indoor - 

fiwnth- tin* „ 

•? .■ 
-SY s> -• - .• 

Sans. 4-2 ahead in the second half. '^.Saturday 'but it was not illplsin 
Commenting on this mn'A^nr jgjj sailing 

rat* . I thought 'Hum played the 
baD rather'tbtorthe opponent’s 
put that's not how foe umpire saw it 
and I accept that. I thought our 
plawss acted with. great restraint 
and l am proud of them, what 
should have been a corner to us at 

one end turned out to be & goal at 

the other”. .. 

. The t ournament was ft personal 
who TOtop 
I scorer, with 12 goals, force of them 
gs?*, .Jffg*’"' ^Entfand, and 
jcotlmKi had him to flumt mamlv 

raT tAftr ■ -t rimitoi K . W r?. ■ a * 

; tripmph. On Friday,, 

They had a‘ _ 

ler- on Friday " evenk^ 
were 4-3-ifo'ewht wihmtw* from tins 
when Karen Brown {Surrey) to* to 
the occasion. She convotad. fiwi 
penalty stroke lo cquaKzc and riw ' 
minutes later' scored . the T 
Thai was one match in hand.' 

On Satnwiay farfimd might-hav^- : ,. .. 

been a forem but by:iatf4to,' 

Entiand were 3-0 up and'emfodfi-*. ^ ^ ' - 
Wales were tbek.last vfctinianff'ft ' - ; V- ; j%. 1 *>-- 

9-2 udn sealed foear-viettay- * ' 4' -r:/ 
Ireland,.whotoEififoMa^'WT.l3f; ‘ - 


le lSoi 

second wrfo 



£6,000- £8,500 Inc. 

VMt oducRtod RM agwriwMtf aujp secretary to jrih : the snK 

v^ggg MgSBaafe^y- 



if so why not pin at nd dtanes at 
m team fto many pasttni «s 
have to oner. No mad for an appoint 
ment Please coma in from 5JQ 

Wa look forward to seafag you. 

64 Hret Staff 

01-3533232 - 


'PJzcruibrn&Tt CGn&uttasip; 




Ms 5 5 . 

nwto pww hAny on knraaraa 
Wrtwjr Id spank hi an 


, £12,008+ 

Lndhv Bond Start Jowefler 
saote superbly presented PA 
ago! 25-35, wtth W0/60 sHfa 
and an impressive cwn mo rti a l 
backgrouid to assist their oanar 
and manager. 

CaB Kaiya oa 




Your panscho, Fnmc&or Gorman 
and op-top experience wffi taka 
you Into a prMeged position 
dararaflng poise, ifiscrefion, 
good skffls and ambliao. 


Sec wflh s/b 25+ - £9580 

AnBoCreafiw £8750 

No s/h typist £7580 

18+ recepfioo £8600 

Cottons Loam Sea 0500 


Enthusiasm and quick wits win 
lead to an exciting opportunity for 
a young secretary to mow. into 
the stimulating world of confer- 
ence organisation. £8500, age 
21 and up - this could be i step- 
ping stone to a fascinating new 

01-629 5061 


I'i&f |'| 



Private Secetaiy 

Mon. laps. ApSHtStiKy 


Pitta traiHeeT IYW . 


Tel 01 6?9 9323 


A hImb and spirits company in the 
Wret End modi a tUfogual secretary. 
ID wri in fit busy and frierafly attri- 
bution office. You wBLdeal wWi cus- 
ttmers whan your beer fe-tavaffirn 
ao you must be' seti-nutiuated. eJ- 
ficknl aid able to rate on yar own 
todft Your Frandr ifUM be ftient 
and eoma Goman is required. Typing 
60*pm- Ape 19-25. Pleat calfc- 


Gone Corkill 

99 Hugest* Street Wl 


revered tor partner 'm Wl firm uf 
accortarts. Mot be able to work on 
own Wtiefive, 1m akeatart orgnt- 
tattami aMBy ad be atak to contend 
wffli a very denorafira boa Smart 
tauanmeo nd axcaMft telephone 
ran* WBdU. Experience of 
W.Pj aid/or hay^g 'experience of 
■ccoudancy i distinct advantage but 
not essam. Salary totaBy readable 
nd dependant on-irrfviduoL But not 
tosalbnEIOJlOapjL . 

Tefepbdne m coafidwce Nr Adams 

81480 5804 (ptatolM) 

*) N 


£10,500 + 

Newty created position for sys- 
tems-mtoded administrator with 
interest m design of in-house 
trainmg. WHI advise staff on opti- 
mum use of systems and mxk 
on a variety of confidential per 
sonne! projects. PI kb 8 phone: 

reone&iiaitt& afl aspects of personnel 
admHstatlon tor tatamaflorte proas 
dc&fcudon Ca. Peraonwd exp aeean- 
«aL 0500. 

aecwTAwr m hmohp. tw» » 

apoatfor sgood e/lt Secntalianto- 
torett in peiicrinet, deltas prospects 

of beeoirita very bnmlMMr «ttn «ie 
de part men t . . • s WA89. 

Tat 4936446 


ABE29-35 YEARS , 

WH pin into d. FtoertEn^te 
end ftewh. Seed typtog eMfiy. 
gDgdanny.iAiStotlwL - 

Mean nd CV id W» nun 


v £ 11,000 

Tdort ratio tas anything to do wfth toe adnartstration wrk" . . . So sty* 
2! 52®?®* "towntotiw office of a major Stoss Bank In 02. 8 you haw 
WnOttvB and srf-OTdnmoo to refieve hm and his assistant cd rwidno 8a 
dne* ptos handh ttar secretarial writ, dm you are the Pro fewtaal See- 

81-ajtfll. LOVE + TATE 

■ (Rk Gore) 

In Central tontion 

■fc £9,000 

jfy°u waged wound 24 and 
«jw Rren* and shorthmd 
mm yar 2nd job coukt be 
yt» ■ company in Lon- 
dons West End. currently 

bwe tone French dtonta *w& 
too Mcretartes re thb level, a* 
wwhom. need French ahorF 
trend and one whare.e Qaman 
-A level bramdred too. AR three 
need Engfeft shdrttmnd. Teto- 
5**** no* -for- more detade of 
*»»• very Interesting and 

rw ®n*na opponwittm to 
move on from your let job. - 

174 New Bond St, Wl ; 



£ 10,000 


As PA to tire tread of PR 
of an export marfcettog 
body in tfw Whet End, you 
need a Iveiy personality 
to handle tire media a nd 
tor. fire extensive 

telephone work. 

Shorthand to not 
essontreL good typing end 

WP experience is. . 
Cftyai-377 5680 
West ted 01439 7801 

Secretartcswd I 

Tb» Saetaun*! Cranium 

DKXtflE Kuiu 



IBM is rfraad y praviog to be ex- 
tramaly busy and aw ujmi) 
raquin «gcpwisnosd, -top caters 

■Btotto red 

oparatora to 

variety of erekya 

of London. 
Contact ae noa 



‘Ar,,, V 

r j r f 1 

. r.M ihf M iii C' "f • ' 

MPas. ♦ bay ten ■ npobHoa fw 
hg tta teri. a Ua cfafengt « B i«u» 


rcnwre t m ct , m u ni i irr iii in anr 



£!UU + exc sedat parks 

PA/Sk for PR work m Mayfair co. 

zifijm pa/sec 


tg^n German 

Fluent audSo/sec for Wl. 

Flair - 

nSOTUST 1MTS SK09 1319 

c.£9,000 + 

Ambitious Secretary (shorthand not 
essential) for dyramfc Marioting divt- 
ak» of overseas property consaitants. 
Mgh admin content including pro- 
motional events UK and abroad. 
Phase phone: 



I p ' i * i | 

r - !, -Jii 1 

c.£8,50G . 

Confident Secretarial skffis 
required for demanding PA 
position. Working for 
spedaBst -Publisher/Editor 
wtthtoweU-eatabttshed firm. 
A tot of direct contact with 
authors indutflng informal 
lunches. Please phone: 
Mefania Harris 


Occasional and 
Nanny Agency 

We are looking for a lively, well 
educated, self-motivated non- 
smoker (25-35 years) who likes 
children, to join tf» interviewing 
team to our hectic Knights bridge 

. Te£ 225 1555 




taWlectiBi and exciting pubisb- 
ing environment swifts the aut- 
gomg and admktstativsfy 

or have had A tore! ad 
lots of confidence to seek a 
career in the vrarid of pubfcttntf 
CaB now to Maria Ostrowskl on 
■ 831 8566 


A ytxmg & dynamic team in a small 
wpantfng company nw Kenstogtcn 
Gardens need a Iveiy nd enthusiastic 
personal as si stant / admtototrator 
prepved to any out any task from 
the mundane upwards. Oix business 
is providing causes tor protaslonat 
peopto. You must be efficient md «*- 
tofl to take on rosponsibSty - typing 
suits tsssntiri. 

.Hons raiabiE starting salary 

PLease reply to Bor 2823 L, The 


. meat md greet eaente. arrange aoma 
trewL know who’s in or out Prestige 




r»0 Beet Street EC* 


^Attractive & successful 
young (22+) Secretary for 
Americanised . Computer 
Company. £8,300 to start 
phis superb benefits. 90/55 
speeds essential. 

For immediate Interview 
caB; 408 1611 . 
Foster Crouch 
Consultants Ltd. 

An you bred or fus afwrtnard 
typing?. The cflracaor of M 
large C*y Cole loofetog tor a good 
er gantore . M% tanta. 40% sec. 
Sports and sccM fee Wwi . eir e l - 
ted prospects. Ttai on f/P. 


P l Wto 

Sal neg 

An wccetan o^trMly to foe- 
toer yo ur career wWi a Peroocv 
net arNtrenneM. Ideally you wk 
be educated ia 'A' lewTanndan. 
Ham skGfr 50/50 + eudto wfbt 
chaerU rte p n c lHnn S a fioxISe 
attitude. Enetent uaHng gfnn. 

Bing Mary Penorsrel Appte. 
■242 0785 (24 hr* Ana) 



YM spoksn SwnrewPA areted tbr 
•onpennate -dwterei d groui of 
nxr p w i iH knobed In putemg pr> 
raritnnf dor butane. (toodpwKB- 
b^ iariW 

Rkg Aim^o# 

439 6750 


® 01-837 0668 

£9/000 + MORTGAGE 

Our dehte. ■ pMafotaus Oty Merchant Bvtes dose to'Caimgn Si Sm. 

offer a verted and rmamn rate tt a psotosatonai wsi «h«atBd SH/Se=r»- 

tory saaMm ImnlnmaiiL Prating bon an adnantastta mp Sesearte 
■uppoR H 3 busy reendmnt erectors. 

Ptoasa cal tor torbiar dMata 

fifirs May, ACABE APPT8. 
88 Cannon St, EC4 

£10,000 aeg. 

Pereorewl experience & knowledge of 
a mp toyma n t tar pasticuteriy ntatfng 
to dbrtasal & redundney procerkn 
is ideal tor ties unusual and Msrest- 
Jng position wtt> 2 tn& moc&m. 
YouH produce 2 salary strays s year 
largely working on yotr own so you 
most be a sek-steter who enjoys lots 
nl totophone contact and who has an 
eye for fetal Some ucretorte Abies 
attwugh no SH ne cessar y. Pleasant 
offices in Mayfair. 


This is an excefiem opportunity to 
conssfidatfi yow s&s and writ-fora 
protested oroaraatran doss to 
Chartag Gross. The aMty m use your 
initiative and annum rate at Dredw 
imi e essential. You win need to tie 
well groomed md possess good skiiJs 
100/50 wpm. Age 18+. Salary 
£6250 pi plus company benefits. 


An atbBctm amiwert entrepreneur who 
W ata chaemen ib a Nteily tuceesstui ee 
in Si Jwnes'i a bcMng frr a sue PA. You 
*rd need a> ce oitured, brenaoJUalf 
pKaentad red aocaby conoaem to 
orewise ha beetic busmeu end uxx* 
Be. A beauote otffca wdh a frrevby. easy 
gong atmoaprreB is one at the ettracbva 
parts. Thta a ■ marveaaus opportunty tar 
» young PA. 23*. to eem about £9.000- 
£10000, and retey enjoy your day. 5tBa 

3 R 5 S 










- Demen 
£ situate 




tor ibis 

creative ■. 



Vii . It 



For busy friendly arcttects office in 
SW4. Good safaxy red working con- 
ttitions. Age betwere 25-45. Must be 
non-snnfcer. To start as soon as 
possible. Please telephone 
41-7204804 hr fatantaw 


Archtoct/lrtfariar Design. Smel 
expending Co, situated tn Fib- 
ham, seeking talented and ef- 
ficient Sec reedy to accept the 
chabenge of this exciting end 
demanding post Good typing, 
s/h eseenttoL WPpraL 

TeL Jane on; 


Required for partner In 
bustling friendly firm of 
Chartered Accountants near 
Fleet Street Salary accord- 
top^to experience - up to 

Tel 01-353 9581 x213 

Peraomel CcnsJtams 

i Kic€nTftcom l 

£16,000 + Mortgage Sub 

Vr bautmt Oneur (t prmsws cur 
Co casks a BeepcM. dot OMOng Set 
Mary hr ■ v 2 My tf tads Secmnd 
4W4S Mnaas bawl lunches, or tn/ 
tans, res&urm reurvaboiK ae). Ms 
orgne amcany sood finctres, co» 
pese lem m arkntsing AithswChO* 
add a Wang 05 Wt 


Belgravia Estate Agents 
Good speeds & shorthand 
reQiired. All applications with 
CVs in writing to Senior Partner, 
Callander Wright. 59 Cadogan 
Street, London, SW3. 

(No agencies) 

ENTHUSIASTIC codes* leaver wim 
shorthand and typing rooull-ed as 
— «■»* an i all a to young oku- 
tJre at a preaUgfaan London dun. 
C 6 .aoO * bonus * lunchaa. Tel. Ol - 


to Dept Manager. 04 Co in central 
London require exp person with Wang 
CHS s/tand and aufiu typing skBIs. 
Varied postoon. 

emiN + beeelte 
CaUCsrolyiH 387 9813 
b write to 
Csteb 22 Bnp Agy 
360 Esxtan Bawd. Loema MW1 

City Area 

VMy busy poet tor efflennt mkH 
orgreised Sacrstary WteM> tagel 
arsMftence deembta. but not 
necaesary IT vABng to team pres- 
Dgtau near offices, aeoaon taint 
loan setteme. eatt rseteurera 


raqMrad far PA to West End Company 
Director. Oust office. Knowledge of 
Computore re advantage. Must be 
able to work wider omi initiative. 
Sab ry£8 .00D pa. ffing between 7pm 

to mange an interview. 


® 01-278 9231 


PR, Pubfishfng, Cosmetics and the World of 

stowing our success In 1985 -we are keen to recruit 

CaB now tor an honest apprabal of what we can offer- 


01-629 8863 

AUDIO WECKCTAWY to wot* in pa»rt 
or a team. n«ie 6S plus. £**--500 + 
bmrflti rvf JL 7B. Pamela Dldwis 
R*C Oorts 439 1491. 

PIWIUCO. - Manor datagaraa ngdra 
atenury. Salary I4«. Tel. 730 

JAP Aires S/EWOUSH reb tartar 
cJ*rk CAJXO. Language Stan Agy 

coMsstvATive asp ntm mu tw» 
■rmnry. Good salary- Apply Box 

managers you will arrange 
meetings, organise travel end 

s e cr eta ri al service. Skids 
80/45. Superb perks inefcide 
lunch aBowance. social dufie. 
BUPA, etc. etc. 

Telephon 499 8076 



urgently r squired tor busy estate 
agents ti Hampsiead Vdtage. Fesr 
accurate typing. 65+ wpje. salary 




(University ot London) 


required to work for me 
Professor and Department of 
Pharmacology, situated in the 
Medical School's new building 
in Hampstead. Excellent 
typing and shorthand 
essential. Occasional audio 
work. Previous experience of 
working In an academic 
department and work : 
processing would be ! 


Own office, IBM typewriter. 
Salary on scale £5,384 - 
£8.459 plus £1297 London 
Allowance. 33 hour week. 34 
days leave inducting Public 
and customary days. Interest 
free annual season ticket loan 

Further particulars and 
application forms available 
from School Office, 
FLFJLSJK, Rowland Hill 
Street London NW3 2PF or 
telephone 01-794-0500 extn. 
4277. Please quote reference 

Closing date: 31 January 

Adveruautg mc/usmuil torn young 
rrtendlr ream. Iliw wioi etienu. 
mw p erso n nel. SH 90. last 

Intonating career prospect*. 

493 8676 tv after 7pm 699 437*7. 
Duke Street Per* Bee Con. 

BOOK PUBLISHING to £7.060 + Jan 
review A exc prospect*. Start yoiv 
career In • publishing house In which 
your editorial ambition* will be IM- 

Small rrstdenlkal property company 
bm*d In Sloarut Square area nH 
lively Shorthand aabltui for their 
. M D You should be aged 20+ with 
good skills with ability to act own In- 
fill* Bvr and entoy a young friendly - 
■smaephrre. Salary dn« £8.000. 
Contact Sarah Ward at Fleet 
Personnel Rrc Cone. 404 4933. 

function and will gain ear exp which 
will serve you well in the future 
Skills BO/M wpm Synergy. Uio re- 
cruitment consultancy. Ol «7 9633- 



ccg.OOO. This dynamic company is 
seeking a Senior PA to become 
Involved tn a varied and Interesting 
function. As part of a young ana 
friendly Isom, you wtu entoy this 
Pleasant environment. Typing al BS 
wpm * audio aMUiy. 8h an asset 
Synsey, the racniltmmt 
consultancy. 01 -637 9533-9. 


P T > twWj 

BreOT i a^aai ||£ |-i;, gEg: 


W ■■ 'ill ■ J il | ill 1 1 1 ■ 1 1 


j igps 





I ■*» * rAJjJ W. n i j i i . ■ 


Teirtoorory sscrettries with oood 
sUls 100/55 urgantfr nsedad by oir 
top dents in property, travel design 
and fashion, ail ofiertog superior 

Call JiH Roberts 

F-.-V' ; : ~T 

2Z3C m . 




heptewte nw teeagte- Afcta » to n 
nptag uaU. HnpHead Biae. Stay neg 
S&, a B^ODfLi ffing 

242 0081 

i.i ' f . v j r f. : for *- . -r 

' ■ ' F. ' - "V j; ■ ^ 

DUKE LEAVER SeCTer a rtos. 
Exc e nent openings new through 
Govern Garden Bureau- ilOPkeiBL 

EC4. 383 7696- 



1 rJ.31 I M ViY# #Kl W H 


fit Eft 


Look ahead 
and stay 

ahead. M 

I f you are a senior 
secretary looking for 
temporary wwfc, with an 
in-depth knowledge of one or 
nwreoflhefotlcnnng sustms: 
AES. Digital Demote, O liv 
ET 351. Wang or IBM 
Disptaif/PC, then look no 

Willi senior lew! assum- 
mmts and top rales of pay 
M OiBlain Nash will put your 
skills to work and keep you a 
step ahead. 

Contort Vidivw Mort/n 
on 01-499 9175. 



Reuuilmcni Consultants 

Tb HdniKer Square 

London WlKDAU. 



£8,000 +40% Clothes discount 

This very up-market fashion company are looking for a 
secretary to work for the head of thefr publicity depart- 
ment as well as the normal secretarial duties where your 
skills of 90/60 win be much appreciated there will be lots of 
client Raison both in person and by telephone with photo 
graphers and fashion magazines etc. Every opportunity to 
become fully involved in this exciting environment Our cli- 
ent will cross train onto their Wang WP. 



H you we a mature (30+) wen spoken extremely smart with Monarch experi- 
ence this company would litre to see you a-5.a.p. You trill be promoting the 
image ol this International Clothes Manufacturer by greeting dients from ail 
over the world who visit their showrooms and receiving incoming telephone 
calls. A lovely company to work for. Hons 8.30-5.30pm. 

Far further details about these vacancies plus many more in the W1 area 
piease phone Kate Wood, Carolyn Western a Jane Shirtey cm 

734 0157 

151 Regents Street 

London, W1 


Computing c£1 0,000 

The MD and Group Manager of a leading software company 
need a Graduate Secretary with an interest in high-technology in 
order to talk Heligendy to dients and undertake some research. 
Age 26-30 with skfl is 90/60. 

Conferences c£9,000 + 

Plan, organise and market seminars tor this leading iifotmation 
research company. Graduate, age 24*. 

— £9,000 

holding company seeks graduate tor Company Secretary. 
Largely administrative rote with excellent prospects. Age 24 with 

Personnel £7,500 + benefits 

Personnel Manager of overseas bank needs assistant to handle 
personnel records, salary admin., etc. and provide secretarial 
Typing: 50 wpm. i 

Part-time positions £ negotiable! 

Immediate vacancies using either Reception or Typing sklDs. 

College leavers 

Numerous career openings. Shorthand not essential. Age 

First dass skills? We can offer you 

exciting assignments and high T i; 



City Take-Over £ 10,000 


This Cii 

This City public relations consultancy specialises 
in the fascinating world of take-over bids and 
deals. They need an intelligent secretary who will 
enjoy learning the business and taking an active 
part in client work as well as co-ordinating the of- 
fice You wiU need excellent secretarial and social 
skills with the flexibility to cope with coffee malting 
one moment to organising and attending a press 
conference the next. Skills: 120/70. Age: 22-30. 



In these prestigious City offices you will be in the 
aery centre of the action. Greeting clients, co-ordi- 
nating messages and appointments and operating 
a busy monarch switchboard. Excellent presen- 
tation is a must Taping: 45 wpm. Age: 18-40. 


8 Golden Square, London WL ( 

Td- 01-439 6021. ; 



'35 Mew Broad Street, London SCS 1 VJ 1NH 
- Tei: 01-500 35QB or Q1-SBS 357G ; . . ; 
Telex BB7374 Fax Q1-G3S SOnO V 

Scope to advance to administration or sales and marketing 
position in 18-24 months 


£ 10 , 060 + use of car 


This Is an in ter us ti ng senior appointment calling for commitment administrative ability and social skills. 
On behalf of the Mamgtog Director of the teasing eubsfcfiary of a large waft-known International group, we 
invite applications from camfidatts, aged 27-45, with good secretarial skhts n 00/50) and experience of 
working et drector level wftlin a feat-moving commercial environment. The Mu has the abfifty to detegate 
and In addition to the usual corresponde nc e, etc. the successful candidate's duties wtil inctode co-onflnst- 
Ing the company's sales and marketing activities and considerable peraonal/telephone dent contact, as 
well as arranging end attending recaptions, etc. Key w9 be the abilBty to think on one's feet end work 
quickly, end precisely and applicants should be able to stow sufficient interest and loyalty to warrant 
future promotion. Initial remuneration negotiable to £ 1 0,000 + contributory pension, use of company car 
and attractive discounts on group services. Applications In strict confidence under reference ENvC 
B58/TT, to the Managing Director 

LONDON EC2M 1NH.TEL: QT-588 3588 OR 01-588 3576.T0LEX: 887374. FAX NO; 01-638 9216 

to £9,500 

A leading computer company 
seeks a secretary to the 
regional director. This 
position is highly 
administrative as you co- 
ordinate meetings, take 
charge of recruitment of 
secretarial staff and ensure 
the office runs smoothly. 
Excellent benefits Include 5 
weeks' hoMays, subsidised 
lunch and aarty salary review. 
90/50 skins essential 
U'j 01-240 3551 
West End 01-240 3531/3571 

Elizabeth Hurt 

faauihMnt CmajAanb 






Based in Covert Garden, our 
client heavtiy knvolved in the 
leisure field seeks a secretary 
to assist and deputise tor foa 
office manager. Help organise 



conferences, PR functions 
end admtntetratrtve systems. 
This is a new position with 
great scope for development 
Benefits inckxie 5 weeks' 



holidays. 100/60 sktils 




i>j 01-240 3551 


West ExJ 01-240 3531/3511 




L ItaavjtawnlCoraulanb 



• 1 •. *4. . ■ r . >; ^ 


wed organised In order to eo- 
onflnate meetings, business 
lunches and new business 
presentations. An outgoing 
personality and 95/60 skffls 
needed. Benefits include 
salary review after 3 months. 

Otg 01-240 3551 
Wad E d 01-240 3531/3511 


Raoubaant Consultants 

__, rT4 . 

li u L 1 .r: 

, ;+-i, 

iii ~ 'I V ii iii i ii i ri ji i 

P i ^ ^ ' V M - J -jtfl 




An extremely stimulating end language intensive post in 
Public Relations 50% sec. 50% own initiative, assisting PR 
exec for world leading co employing 1.500 people in Lon- 
don. Suit articulate and confident person with German to 
MT standard, a good knowledge of French and competent 
s/hand (English only), aged 22-30, with a couple of years 

GERMAN £11,000+ 

No s/hand is required in this post aiding the London rep- 
resentative of a German co in the Gty who seeks reliable. 
0429221 ong-lerm assistance from a steady bi-lingual sec 
50/50 language use Perks include subsidized mortgage, 
£ 1/day LVs, 24 days hols, etc (package vaJue r £14.000). 


£ 10 , 000 + 

A confident, lively and well-presented French speaking sec 
able to work on their own initiative, good at holding the fort 
and smoothing out wrinkles is sought by a senior manager in 
a leading international bank. Good dolls (English only) plus 
some WP exposure are required. Age 25+ with 3 years* exp 
please, not necessarily in banking (package value c£ 1 3, 500. 

GREEK £9,000-10,500 aae 

An unusual opportunity entitled “Administrative Assist- 
ant", for affluent Greek speaker within an international City 
bank. The job involves helping important Greek clients with 
their problems, interpreting, translating, general admin 
work, a little typing and generally being helpfuL Full on-the- 
job training. Age 2Q+! Excellent working conditions and 
fringe benefits worth £2,500. 

IN BRIEF: other posts available in London:- 
FRENCH College Leaver both s/hands. banking £7,000. 
SPANISH & GERMAN Audio/WP, solicitors, £8,000. 
GERMAN Admin Sec (typing only) TV, £8.000. 

GERMAN Accounts Clerk + Typing, forwarding, £7,500. 
GERMAN Sec (audio or S/hand) lawyers, £8,000. 

ITALIAN Sales admin trainee, industry, £6,000. 

SWEDISH Sec, audio/WP, lawyers, £9,000. 

For farther details please ring 

01-839 3365 

6 Buckingham Street, 
London WC2N 6BU. 




I presently have a variety of outstanding long term 
assignments and most urgent are the undermentioned: 

SHORTHAND SEC 1 00/65 with experience on Olivetti 
225 for City bank commencing 20.1 86, £5.30 ph. 

AUDIO SECRETARY with Wbrdplex Trios Experience 
for large Gty based company. Starting end Jan. £6 ph. 

Also required'.- 

Telephonists - E4.30pn 

Copy SeCS - £4.80 ph 

Audio Secs - esoo ph 

Shorthand Secs - es30ph 

WP Ops/Secs from £6.00 ph 

Bookings for Temps with BM 5520, Wordplex Gemini, Phillips 
5020 and IBM Displaywriter experience. 

A For information on any of the above contact 

djk Lynda Hough, 439 1491/6. 


l| | j|f Recruitment Consultants 

HH 3rd Floor, 1 New BtaUngton Street, 

HQ London W1X1FD 


PR inSWI c.£1 0,000 

n is 

SSnteatorwtorB the [*■ 

extent flood 24-2$ years, you wffl need extort typing 

w Gennan - 

Salary c£1 0,000+ excellent fringe bemefits. 


MATURE PA, £9,500, tor senior 
partner of weti-estabftshed (and 

nature is caHed far. 

CHELSEA. £8,006- Due to 
promotion, a secretary, 20+ . 
with good typing and WP exp is 
required to work within a small 
but friendly residential team. . 
SOUTH KEN, £7,000. Young 
secretary (no SH or audio) for 3 
young executives based within 
brand new mews office. 
Experience necessary as you 
wU be left to "hold the fort". 
MAYFAIR, £6^00. Young 
Becretary/all rounder for 
furnished lettings dept Plenty of 
opportunities to escape from the 

Please contact Linda McLeod 

439 3054 

Faithfold Personnel 



required for mahum-sized Lloyd's 
Insurance Brokers located inAMgata. 
You mil be working at too level giving 
Ml se a etiuia l back up to the Com- 
pany Chatman and Group Secretary. 
In addition you wfl be involved in 
administration and the oemral rui- 
ning of toe office. The job Is both 
vswd and dem a xfing and offers 
great opportunity to wont using your 
own Initiative. 

kteatty you Should be aged 25-32, 
have excellent secrataria and ad- 
mristrative skflls, be seB-motivatsd, 
confident and used to ttaafing with 
people of afi levels. 

Please apply by telephone or fn writ- 
ing to: 

Mss Lorraine Dawson, 
Pvssnd Officer, 

Masco InsnraHce Brokers Lid., 
18 Mansell Street. 

Lundoa El 8AA. 
TalephtniK 01-481 4444 

01-589 8807 


C. £12,000 . 

Wb have im important intomatkrnaJ 
ctiwas wto orticre r Luxtmbctirfl. 
Each has a vacancy tor a senior 
secretory to a top exacobra, one 
British and the other French. Lan- 
guage sM b are eeserta tor ody 
one ot too posts whore fluent French 
is needed and German cotM be 
useful Dra ie nt sh ort ha nd /Typing 
to Engftsft ts assatoal tor both. 
These g er^wnetole p osSanet or ; 
iDBture. axperienced eeci toaria s 1 
«too are taeo to ttoeng reeponaMRy 
and agadsM a hoy day.' farter- 
views wNbehld to London. 

174 New Bond St, W1 

< 'International 

HECRU1TMENT nSCmTAOT5 ■ a Bnnpton Anada. SVY5 


Bahrain c.E 20,000 tax free 

Hum high calibre PA/Secretarles, Ideally 

28-40 years and single, are required tor a mcxlem industrial 

compfoxin Bahrain. Secretarial Word Processovg and 

Organizational skills required. Previous 

experience or at least experience with 

essential. Some experience on a personal computer would 

be advantageous. Vacancies exist with three senior 


Benefits Include a tax free salary of £12, (KM plus approx 
£700 per month Bvfng allowance, free frsnisheo^^ . ^ 

accommodation, local transportation, 18 days home leave 

after every three months and one year renewable 


Selected candidates must be available in Bahrain mid to 

late February. Client interviews (n London 

mid-January, so please send a detailed 

resume, photograph and contact yt # 

telephone number URGENTLY to 

Shearta Gibson, The gMb* If I - 

Girl Appointments 
RMistw, 37 Golden 
Square, London, W1R 

iws m i_onaon 
da detailed . 

intact /CL 5 

The | appointments register _ 

CHDEF EXEC’S PA to£12,500 

A top ffight Sec(PA e needed to work for the Chief Executive of 
this Kjugbtsbridgc based company. You will be resjxjnsfote. for 
dealing with oQ bis appointments and correspondence with tact 
and discretion as weD as coping with a high workload. Aged 2S-3S; 
Speeds 9CV65 + WP an advantage. 

CITY -AUDIO £10,000 

The Senior Partner of this small firm of surveyors and estate 
agents is looking for a top Sec/PA aged 3045. Good audio typing 
and WP. 


A young secretary preferably with a knowledge of pofitics is 

needed to join tfiis expanding consultancy. Speeds 9055. ^ ' . , 
Salary £7^00. 


35 Bratn Place, iMdoBin. 01493 7789 



An excellent opportunity has arisen for a senior sscretaiyto Jmn 
the Financial Times Newspaper working lor the Director of Techni- 
cal Development 

The work ia both confidential end varied; experience ofWon*. Pro- 
cessing Is essential, together with good mathematical entity (pref- 
erably 'A* level standard), plus shorthand and typing speeds of 
100/50 wpm. A background knowledge or computers would be an 
advantage. , 

Please apply in writing enclosing CVta 

Personnel Haaager, Ffoendal Times Newspaper, 

Bradcen House, 1<f Cannon Street, London EC4P 4BY 


A world famous fashion house seek# e secretary to their pubbeity 
manager This is a busy fascinating position as you put togatoer 
thee beautiful dothea far in-store fashion events, contact motto 
and sort out catering arrangements. You should be web presorted, 
bright and energetic with at least one year's experience, aywr 

uy 01-2403551 W«f Bid 01-240 353V3SI1 


Recrutment Gonsuitnnb . . 

6 My latest problem is I’ve go 

n0 problems - now that we get 
all our temporaries ■ 

from... 9 \ a 

jSeMtr h'M 

cmctoveoe wn/Wesr bsd oxee oosz 

The first nuinb^s to ring 


The Video CoUecriOD, Britain'* festett granog wfco company, 
urgently require thtfodowtog pcreoancL- , 

Sg uetag y/BA-to co wntw w3»lMrwfty 

Ja addSlioD to general secretarial aaua. mo posnra nnowB ran- 
with oar principal c u s to mers and s ap p Hers . io4 Itont flin g ea- 


You wiffbeVoriangfof bpth i be Marketing Managor andNsfionrf 
Accounts Manner, prioiisws are a good tdepbeoe ntasner. and 

mvcilvedwitiioMadvertidngtoidWt.B^Bdes.' -■ ’ " : v ' 

If you are young, dynamic and arshrtkmt to bir wore- then afcj- 
netary, writs, your CV and ament renuin c a tt i an pacto^e 

tm- • '■ "" ‘ ‘ 

Stephanie Kemp, Fbtore Vision IM. LfnbTO, ffiimswick Induffiial 
Park, Waterfall l®asi, NewSoathgats, LONDON N1 L 1JL 
NB; Wc wiD be moving to West End offices dnsrriy. 


ExrreMmC SEC/PA wflb SvutBsh to tboa*rtot^tow»««d 
by . Director of W/Bid Bank. Sfli In both 
abffity to work under pnre»cre . o»your o rwn toWirtiv^ Opod Bokp, 
WP & Tlx expmtenca prtttened. SaWy: 

£t3,OOO+Bnk0 beneffls- • ; 


Almertez-vous trawdtar dans to do m a km n »cogin*e«daP ^ 

cflant recherche im aacratsh* b^hgu*- 

tontt coonatottnea do frauds -- x*ino m enjpbnt 

jndtopensabto.'nxvafivvie.SalainegSWO -,' v ^ .. .,.vr . 

■ ■; : ' ENGLISH - - / -v ‘. 

W/End- Management CodnAnts apS'lg Oitiif la r ‘a-.ftat ,a«f 
eftioentSee (non smoker) to work maprretsurised eoviroBi ra&rt. 
Dial— tnctode WF, antfio + copy typing, a* md —toon with 
efients and ataff. Goodadmfn skflls atonreqdL 
Age: 25f £8,75(HAAE 


■ - 012365501 i . 

7 LudgateSq. EC4 (MCHB-FrillJP^CSO) ^IPAGY) 

PPVr^ll* V 1 t'i r ■ 1 ' 

At Ritz Recmitmart m do not lawBMgtetes w vww 
tfey pay but we. 00 provide an ftonsst tosessfie^of^ 

So from intEresting bootanps within a 
wiD receive Ojertjatoaw>benflfdfrorn ymir|tetEb»skiS^ 

Call Lee-Ahn ^ ^ 






ftp PA tor two young mactitiVB SH/typfam 


Bithusiastic ftocep fonist for BOMndBigoo; . 


Anwrican Headtumter need bubbly Peraxi Friday 

Cfamwig senior partner needs lively 
PA/Sec • c£8,500 




Requirsd by PrtvateOphth^lqHospftal ln_ . . 


KnoWledg© of Arajrfc PrederaWs but . not essential 
V Accommodation provided • . 

2yr contract salary negotiabte. At Jsast two ; ysars» 

- experience. 

Send c.v. to Miss “M. Jones 33 RrvennHI, 1fit ; 
Grqsvenor Rd. London SVV1V3JN .... 

urgently Reqpfirad- 




To Maniging.rarBctor-of 
a registered. Insurance 
Srektag Comptiirt Smeffl, 
modem, friendly office in' 

Praffcfent Shorthand 
typing essential.' Some 
,m owiec^fl»■ of frt^urunce 
Would be useM.. Salary 
tif . • negotettion * but 



a im&M u 


MA in Communications 
Policy Studies 

. Two years part-time 

This course covers. TetecorrOTKirfcatJons, Mass 
™dtai and Information Technology Policy. Apoli- 
cattons. are Irwitecf far October 1988. Applicants 
must have aflood honours xtearse. There are four 

- GomnumteafiOTS Policy Analysis. . 

- Bri^ Cwr^nkafionsPoJfoy, 

- International and CompSaefive; ' ' : 

- ConummicattoneTe^^ . .. 

There is also a dissertation, (carrying 40% of marks) 
which fUB-Bme students must complete, by Sep- 
- tember and to whfctv part-time students devote most 
of thehr second year. 

Candidates who already possess a relevant Mas- 
ter’s degree, may be registered for a PhD by re- 

Further detafis arid application forms from: The 
Secretary, Communications Policy Centre, Depart- 
ment of Social Science and Humanftfes, The Cite 
UnteeraHy. Northampton Square, LONDON EC1V 
OHS. Phone: 01-263 4399, ext 4505. 


OffkfflFrBnitoGavarTvnmE^tisImmt .. 
Native French teachers - high quality coirses ' 
IB-Weak Massive Coarse (start 13 Jan.) 
Evening Courses, Business French and Translation. 
Bilingual Secretarial College. 


B^B 14 CromwaS Place, London, SW72JR 

1^1 T®fc 01-580 6211, Ext 42 

■■ .■■■ 01-581 2701, Exi 21 .... 


Ths dsmuid tor the trained man or woman, chtopodint in tha private 
uoto r is increasing. Mon of tfw training necessary to quafify for a 
Diploma in Chiropody may bo taken at home by vwy-spacMsad corre- 
spondence (anions. FuB practical ftaB W—.ara ateo pr ovided. You am' 
invhad to writs for the free booklet from:-The S a u al n y-of lha 
School of Chiropody. Tire Snree Institute (estaMshetf 1919), Ths 
Naw Half. Maldanhaad, Barfcshfra. SUB 4UL Tah Maidenhead 
(0828) 32440 (dr211 00 24hr») .. ”, f?B31)H 


S wi wwul BllWWt 
Mvi I jngni J. rpitwc 

Wxd Processor Twining 

English iorOwneM* 

Resident Students 
The RegntrerfSU) 

2 Arkwright Road. 

Tetophowr-ra 435 9831 

IN 1986? • 


UCCAarlWrTBratolMi? . 

HOW IS THE TIME ta oeuoh 
as br upart asesssnnt mi 
gmdaaca. Free hraciwra: 

1 Z T 90 Gbucestar Place, W1 

• • W 01-935 5452 (24 Ini) 

• •ObhbmmmJ 

Sl Antony's . 

■ Snal ftiaWfrColw 1 b Cantrc l loadc n 

* HeataMaai ' : 

- ExpeifcreMl, CkaNM Tiiore . 

* fijr Srtnwl.tafMraln t iw . ^ . ■ 


San! 12 monto coons Put ta Jwuny 
- BXftin font fluaifl fowl 

F t c A ' I-lL ' i. 

TMditr of Sttorftand and Type- 

Attractive anOMhoa In Kcnatnotou. 
IB wh*s‘ paid honour- 

■. 0i-5ll 0024- - 
" ! 68 Brompton Read ’ 
SW31HW • 


commence January. 

* : Four week Typing courses also 

3 months Introductory course 
3 month Refresher course 
- - 6 month certificate course 

"**■>* For Prospectus Ring Ansa " 
on 01-580 5693 
special 15% discount tiered on 
' courses booked in January. ■ 

■ mzjgsm 


A guide to 
career choice 

Make Leonardo your model 


01-8371326 or 01-8373774 

Take Leonardo da Vinci as your 
model. Cultivate' His. creativity his 
sense of curiosity and exploration, his 
ability to karn and to use knowledge. 

This advice, to arts and crafts sixth- 
fonners' considering, a career in 
industry, was given by George Bail, 
regional rwnyigw of the wi ginnwing 
Industry training board, during a two- 
day residential course. Managing for 
tlw Future; at Bradford University, 
j. Mr Ball, who. was discussing the 
people 1 needed for the new century, 
told 120 A-fevd students: “Advanced 
technology is useless unless it is 
aocompankd by progress in respect 
for human life and values. 1 believe 
that a " rounded, philosophical edu- 
cation, and finely tuned intuition are 
as important as developing the 
technical , and scientific skills of the 
year 2000.’* r ". 

- Just as today, manufacturing wlU 
still be the key to our economy in 15 
years time, he. said. We shall need 
people able "m change roles, jobs and 
specialisms; to -use networks of 
information to learn, -make decisions 
and solve problems. 

We shall want psychologists, 
subject experts, systems and software 
technologists, he said, co-operating to 
build expert systems that can 
manipulate knowledge data bases to 

Students with a 
vocation are lucky 

suit the user, who could be a lawyer, 
GP, house agent; financier, etc.” 

. Intelligent problem solvers, broadly 
educated in technology and business, 
will be heeded to work in and to lead 
teams,- with the flexibility to move 
between design, manufacture, finance, 
sales, politics; rounded people, under- 
standing the value oflogtc and science 
but also able to draw upon philo- 
sophic argument and intuition. 

Each year Bradford University’s 
«»Twv>l of indus trial technology and 
management holds a" two-day course' 
for lower sixth formers, both arts and 
science A-Ievd students (provided 
they have an O-Jevd in maths and a 
science). They hear talks by people in 
business, industry and academics, 
explore - a topic in depth thror^h 
workshop activities and work with 
recent Bradford graduates who are 
now young managers. 

: The aim is to give sixth formers an 
idea of the; management opportunhes 
opening up to professionally qualified 
men and women, and of the develop- 
ments taking place in business and 

Students with an early conviction 
of their Vocation in life are fortunate. 
But so are those whose range of 
abilities allows- then to choose; like 
Matthew Ireland, of King Edward VI 
School. Birmingham. 

His first- choice was horticulture. 
Then he heardabout Bradford's two-- 
day course, took part and became 
interested in industry. . 

Flexibility and a 
good, general 
education are 
necessa r y for a 
job in industry 
say s Sally Watts 

“T like making and doing thing s 
and ■ - wrin g thing s made,” said 
Matthew, who helps with the view 
data area of his school's computer 
.department, which has written prog- 
rams for local industry. “The course 
showed us what -industry is all about 
and the part we can play.” 

Depending on his results in A- 
Icvels f maths, biology, general stu- 
dies) Matthew has been accepted for 
Bradford's 1986 Honours course in 
Technology and Management Sci- 

. Janet Coop, on the other hand, has 
always been interested in physics. It is 
one of her A-level subjects, plus pure 
and applied maths, Latin and general 
studies. “Industry is a fantastic career 
- there are so many varieties,” said 
Janet, -of Elmslie Girls School, 

She is specially interested in 
production engineering, and benefited 
from joining the production work- 
shop at the Bradford course. “I wish 
more people were telling more 
students about industrial careers,” she 
added sagely. 

Like Matthew and Janet, Neil 
Barrett, of Marist College. Hall, has 
been offered a conditional place at 
Bradford. He was looking for a degree 
course that was vocational rather than 
academic, and has now applied to 
two companies for sponsorship. 

. ;.Ne£L believes a lot of young people 
still associate industry with the “dirty, 
noisy factory” syndrome, a mistaken 
idea today. “Thine are a lot of other 
services - a whole range of choices. 
When 1 start earning a living there 
may be still more dramatic changes,” 
said Neil, who chose the workshop on 
personality and management roles, 
and is -preparing A-level maths, 
physics, chemistry and general stu- 

Choice, opportunity and excite- 
ment are the features most often 
mentioned by people working, or 
intending to work, in industry. 

“It is challenging and exciting, 
especially' in the management and 
technology area,” said Denis Sharp. 
He graduated at Bradford in 1979 
with first honours, then did a 
year’s Master’s degree in computer 
science, .followed by three years* 
research into manufacturing systems 
and engineering, which he is submit- 
' ting for a doctorate. 

Denis manages a CAD service in 

the engineering faculty of Aston 
University, and during the sixth-form 
course he ran a workshop exploring 
CADCAM applications in industry. 
He believes girls should be encour- 
aged to look more closely at 
en gine e ri ng and manufacturing, now 
that changing processes are creating 
opportunities for more artistic, 
human work - planning hospitals, for 
example, and shopping centres. 

“If more women were involved, 
greater attention might be paid to 
things such as approaches, pram 
spaces and so on,” be added. 

Ann Venting, 22, ofHayting Island. 
Hampshire, became a manager after 
leaving Bradford last summer with a 
degree in industrial technology and 
management (From next October the 
course wifi be technology and 
management science). Sic is with 
Thorn EMI Ferguson’s management 
services and would like to enter- the 
manufacturing area. 

She recommends industry for the 
undecided student. “There's plenty of 
variety, a lot of things are going on 
and there are so many opportunities 
to move from one area to another - 
accountancy, management, market- 
ing, even running your own business. 
But aim for a broad-based degree 
course, and leave specializing until 
you start work”. 

Industry offers a 
technical challenge 

She has found that women 
engineers tend to be in management 
services rather than production and, 
like Janet Coop, she is interested in 
the centra] role of production. 

Ann's sandwich course included 
six-month placements with two firms, 
at one of which school pupils spent a 
day visiting and working on small 
projects. At Nefi Barrett’s school, the 
physics department is associated with 
a small laser manufacturing company. 

One aim of the School Curriculum 
Industry Project is to foster such 
relationships between school and 
industry, through diverse schemes 
developed by the schools. The project 
works through seconded teachers in 
52 education authorities, with 16 
more waiting to join. 

“Once teachers experience that 
industry is a resource, they are willing 
to use it in the curriculum - not 
through r-hailr and mik but through 
people in their role of production 
manager, or whatever,” said director 
Jack Peficrs. “Pupils develop an 
understanding of how society is 
shaped economically, and acquire a 
more positive attitude to industry.” 

This should please Sir Geoffrey 
Chandler, director of Industry Year. 
He believes an industrial career offers 
both ipg-Vvnirai and human challenge - 
the challenge of dealing with people. 

“Informing, motivating, caring, one 
works with people more closely than 
in any other walk of life”, he said. 
“My career in industry is the most 
'challenging thing I have ever done.” 

Why not train to teach 
Maths, Science or 
Design and Technology? 

The inner London Education Authority wi b» sponsoring a small number of cancfldal es on 
. flWBe ono-year Post-Graduate Certificate in Education couses to be heW at London 
Coflagee. starting In September 1986. 

Successful applicants are appointed temporarily as induction trainees during tha one-year 
period of ths course and ant paid within a utaryacala of £5,064 - QL558 plus £1 ,038 London 
Allowance. Salary assasamant takes htoaccount quaflfications and previous relevant 
experience and sataries payable are usually we# above the minimum of the scale quoted. 

. On succeaefulbomptottonof the course of training appBcants win be appointed as teachers 
to the Authority's permanent general teaching earvtoe and w* be required to remain in the 
service of the Authorityas aluB-time secondary teacher fora minimum period of two years. 

' The courses are in tended far mature people wtth experience in Industry, Commerce or the 
Pubfc Sector and Cencftfeles are expected to be el least 25 years erf age. 

A1 appHcanta most have achieved the standard laqubetf to attain either grade C or 
above ft) QCE ‘O’ level esamtoatton or Grade 1 CUE in betb Mathematics end EngBsh 

Each course wii be dealt with separately and ctetato ol eSgftxfity and venue for each 
, Course areas follows: ' 

Mathematics Induction Course 

Applicants must posses a degree in Mathematics or hold a degree in which Maths was i 
main study tfvoughout the cotroa. The course wS be held al tOnga College, University 
of London Centre tier EducaSonal Studhw, Chelsea Campus, 652 Kings Road, 
SW10. - 

Science Induction Course 

Appdcants must posses degrees or equivalent qualifications (see below) m any of the 
pure or appfled SckVKM of Engineering. Those with degrees in the biological eciencee 
must have obtained ffrst-dass honours. 

AppGcenta possessing any of the foffowfrg equivalent qualifications may also be 

• 1. Associate of the Royal CoOege of Science (London). 

2. Membership or Associate Membership of the Institute of Physics (including 
Associates or Graduates!^) of the Institute obtained before 1 March. 1971). 

. 3. Associate or Graduate Membership erf the Royal Society of Chemistry. 

4. Membership of the Institute of Biology obtained by written examination. 

5. Graduateship of the Institute of Malherratics and its Applications. The course win be 
held at Thirties Polytechnic, (Avery HIU Site). EJtham, SE9. 

. Design &. Technology Induction Course 

Applications are invited from graduates who hold a degree in appropriate technological 
subjects and who have had workshop or other industrial experience- The course will be 
held at Themes Polytechnic, (Avery H9I Site), Btham SE9. 

If you wish to apply for one of these course please write now 

for an application form and fcether detafls stating dearly for 
whkati course yoa are applying, and enclosing a stamped 
.. self -addressed envelope 220 x llfrnm to The Education 

Officer, T81 Boom 70, ILEA, Tha County Han, London SE1 

' - ■ ■■' * 7PB. ■ 

*| - Pleas* note the fatal date for racafpe for compiatad 

-Bg #% application forms wilt be 31 January, 1988 and forma 

■ received after that date cannot be given Contiderafion. 


fit M a tthew s . Oxford 


imrawa moon comas Came 
Emh vacation in an 
Oittord Cotoga. Smal bjlonti 
flHWP* ana m&Mlwd tupon 
hakucson h anm uctnqua. 
TM tnan taumd ay 
OJJi m iWnw 

■c siaa g 



Applications are invited for Faculty and English Language Instructor posts on one year 
renewable contracts, tenable from 19 July 1986. 

Applicants for Faculty posts 

Professors, Associate Professors, Assistant Professors 

should hold a PhD and/or academic titles from accredited universities. 

Applicants for 

English Language Instructor 

posts should have at least a Bachelor'S degree In English and three years post- 
qualification experience. 

The language of instruction throughout the university is Arabic except in the Colleges of 
Engineering, Science, Medicine (in Riyadh and Abha). Pharmacy. Dentistry, Allied 

Medical Sciences. Computer and information Sciences. Architecture & Planning, and for 
the MSc programme in Hospital Administration (m the College of Administrative 

Sciences) where the language of instruction is English. 




Arabic - English - Geography - Mass Communications - Social 
Studies - History - Archaeology & Museology - Libraries & 
Information Sciences 


Chemistry - Biochemistry - Physics - Astronomy - Botany - 

Zoology - Geology - Mathematics - Statistics - Computer 




Law - Business Administration - Public Administration - 
Economics - Accounting - Quantitative Methods - Political 
Science - Hospital Administration 


Pharmaceutical Chemistry - Pharmacology - Pharmaceutics - 
Pharmacognosy - Clinical Pharmacy 


Animal Production - Soil Sciences - Plant Protection - Food 
Sciences - Agricultural Engineering - Plant Production - 
Agricultural Economics & Rural Sociology - Nutrition & Home 
Economics (women only) 


Civil Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Electrical 
Engineering - Chemical Engineering - Petroleum Engineering 
- Computer Engineering - Nuclear Engineering - Industrial 

Medicine (Riyadh) 

Anatomy - Physiology - Pharmacology - Pathology - Parasi- 
tology - Gynaecology & Obstetrics - ENT- Forensic Medicine 
- Community Medicine - Ophthalmology & Eye Surgery - 
Surgery - Medicine - Paediatrics 

Education (Riyadh) 

Education - Psychology - Curriculum & Instruction - Islamic 
Studies - Art Education - Physical Education - Instructional 

Media & Educational Technology - Special Education (forthe 


Operative Dentistry - Oral Diagnosis/Medicine - Oral Surgery - 
Oral Pathology - Oral Radiology - Oral Biology - Removable 
Prosthodontics - Fixed Prosthodontics - Endodontics - 
Periodontics - Pad o don tics - Orthodontics - Community 

Dentistry - Dental Public Health 

Allied Medical 
Sciences (Riyadh) 

Clinical Laboratory Sciences - Radiological Sciences - 
Rehabilitation Sciences - Community Health Sciences - 
Biomedical Technology - Dental Health - Nursing - Surgical 
Technology - Medical Assisting - Anaesthesiology - 
Emergency Medical Technology - Ophthalmology Programme 
- Audiology & Speech Pathology 

Computer and 
Information Sciences 

Computer Engineering - Computer Science - Computer 
Technology - information Science 

Architecture and 

Architecture and Building Sciences - Planning - Regional 

Design - Interior Design 

Education (Abha) 

Education - Curriculum & Instruction - Psychology - 
Instructional Media & Educational Technology - Art Education - 
Physical Education - Biology - Chemistry - Physics - 
Mathematics - Geography - History - English 

Medicine and Medical 
Sciences (Abha) 

Anatomy - Physiology - Family & Community Medicine - 
Biochemistry - Pathology - Microbiology & Parasitology - 
Pharmacy - Medicine - Paediatrics - Surgery - Medical 


Agriculture and 
Veterinary Medicine 

Animal Production & Breeding - Crops and Range Management 
- Crop Protection - Veterinary Medicine - Horticulture & 

Forestry - Water & Soil - Agricultural Engineering - Agricultural 
Extension & Economics 

Business and 



Accounting - General Economics - Applied Economics - 
Economic Analysis - Quantitative Methods - Finance - Public 
Administration - Business Administration - Marketing 

Management - Behavioural Psychology - Sociology - 
Operations Research 

Benefits for these 
posts Include 

* Tax free salaries (based on qualifications and experience) 

* Free furnished accommodation or housing and furniture 

* Monthly transport allowance 

* Relocation allowance 

* Free yearly return air tickets for incumbent and family 

* Children's educational allowance (non-Arabic speakers only) 

A Free medical/dental care for appointee and accompanying 


* 60 days annual pre-pakl leave 

* End of service gratuity (after two years) 

Applicants from Europe can obtain an appBcation form from the following address. Applicants 
from further afield should write to their nearest Saudi Arabian Educatlonal/Cuftura! Office. 

Ms Carmel A Donnachte, King Saud University Office, 29 Be Ig rave Square, London SW1X8QB. 
Please state dearly the College and department for which application is being made. 



Applications are invited for the post of Principal of 
tills Group 8 College of Higher and Further Education 
which falls vacant on 1st September, 1988 on the 
retirement of Leonard Bewsher. 

Candidates should hold a good Honours degree and. 
preferably, a Higher degree and have substantial and 
proven managerial ability and experience in a senior 
post in Education. Experience in Higher and Further 
Education Is essential. This is a demanding and 
rewarding post for a forward-looking person with 
drive, enthusiasm and flair. 

Further particulars may be obtained from The Clark 
to the Governors. New College Durham, 
Framwallgate Moor Centre, Durham DH1 5ES. 

The dosing date for receipt of applications is 31st 
January, 1986. 

To advertise in 

The Times or The Sunday Times 

... please telephone 01-837 3311 or 3333 

Times Newspapers Ltd. 

Classified Dept, Freepost 

London WCISfiB- . 


St Joseph’s Hall, Oxford 

• Highaucceu .Laboratory 

raw and compute!* 

• Smafi Group • 3-tana and 1-fann 

tuition ccurau 

« Private tutorial! • Hdtlof HaaManct 

Racogniaad by BAC 



Die Governors invite appfcations lor the post of Burear to 
succeed Mr T. H J. Monte who wffl retire on 3 1st March 
1986 bocaube of ill hoaith. The Salary w31 be al an appropri- 
ate point on Bonham Scale 1 1 for Deputy Hoads. 

Fid particulars of the post may be obtained from the Cterir 
fa the Governors, King's School, Rochester, Kent ME 1 1TA, 
to whom applications should ba sent by January 28th. 


. (with a Royal Medical Foundation) 


The Council of Ecsom CoUeee mil shortly be appomtug a 

The Council of Epsom College will shwtiybe appointing a 
Secretary to succeed Squadron Leader WJL Thompson on bis 
rc tir e m e ni daring the second hilf of 1 9&6. 

The Secretary to the Council is responsible for the 
idminittreiive ranpne of the governing body of the College and its 
Committees, the mainii»ngnce of the accounts of the medical 
chanty and its related Trusts Funds, cose work in connection with 
the medical and educational charities of the College, investment of 
College and charitable funds and the supervision of fund raising for 
the School and the medical charity. 

The safety wffl not be less than £12,000 pjl and the appointment 

Application forms may be obtained from the Secretary ta the 
Conadl, Epsom College, EjwOtn, Surrey, KT17 4JQ. 

Graduate assistant 

To help administer a programme of Fellowships and similar 
schemes in the Humanities and Social Sciences. 

AwHwtfi ataauU ana mm nmmmnm *. / Onw u m i Odfa and 
WW lI M fc 

SoBuy wimm mo ranaa £&89M8^>i4 oactudins Lowum AllowoneejL 

FuritMr daaua ana a»Uc«ion form tram Ttte Britan Academy zo-zi 
Cornwall Term London NWt 4QP. 

Telephone 01-487 5966. 


Invitation to Comment 

The Economic and Social Research Council has set up an 
enquiry into the factors affecting periods of submission 
and completion rates for PhDs in the social sciences. The 
enquiry is led by a member of Council, Dr Graham Win- 
field, and will be reported to Council in July. 

In pursuit of this enquiry, views are Invited by 14 February 
1986. In particular, comments would be welcome on the 
nature of PHDs in the social sciences, the role of the 
academic Institutions, supervision, the problems of stu- 
dents and the role of ESRC In this matter. 

Comments should bo sent in writing to Dr Paul Winters, 
ESRC, 160 Greet Portland Street, London WIN 6 BA, by 
14 February. 



County Education Officer 

Satery £29,433^32^73 

Mr Michael Henley, the present County Education Officer, Is to 
retire in August 1 988. The County Council is seeking a suc- 
cessor who can demonstrate that he/she can bring to this 
Important post the necessary qualifications and experience to 
manage the operation of the Department, to develop forward 
looking policies, and contribute to the corporate working of the 
Council A proven record of effective resource management 
and ability to develop and communlcatB strategies for action Is 

An application form and further particulars can be obtained 
from the County Personnel Officer, County Hall, Northampton 
NN1 IDNrappftcatfons must be returned by Friday 31st 
January 1986. Telephone (0604) 256040- 



°sss -.Sir- 



® Trade 01-278 9161/5 

• 1 » 


in Notting Hill requires responsible 
person for reception work. Hotel 
experience not necessary but must be 
numerate and capable of working 
accurately under pressure, some typing 
useful and foreign languages a definite 
advantage. For further details phone 
Eva on 727 2777. 



Required for weU established office ef leading London 

The applicant must be experienced in letting high class 
residential property in London. AbIBty to lead and motiv- 
ate a young team. 

Excellent remuneration package including incentive 
commission and car. 

Please reply Box 2260W 
The Times 


S 01-837 1350 

is here now... 

Effective Sales Training 
Effective Decision Making 
Effective Selection 
Effective Induction 
Increased Sales Revenue 
Increased Margins 
Contained Costs. 

Too good to be True? 

« Systek 

01-349 2911 

ask for Directek services department 
Adapting computers to management 


® 01-837 1326 and 01-837 3774 

The Andrew W. Mellon Fellowship 
in British Art 

Under the auspices of the Yale Centre for British Art a non-American 
Citizen, normally under 30, holding a degree, or In exceptional circum- 
stances equivalent quaHfteations, wtth special interest in British art his- 
tory. wfl be selected for one year's residence In America. The grant 
Indudes a ttvtng stipend ($7,500), round trip air fares from London, and 
a travel grant. Enquiries and application should be sent to the Director 
of Studies, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studtes in British Art. 20 
Bloomsbury Square, London WCl A 2NP. 

Applications, which must arrive by Monday. 17th February, 1986 
should include a curriculum vitae and the names of three referees, 
prefarabiv recent Instructors. 

Z' ^ - 

1)1 MU <)l IHI TIMI S 

University of Bath 



Vacancies exist for LECTURESHIPS in the following 

(!) Electrical Chive Systems where the successful candidate win work 
wi thi n an existing group which covers conventional and novd as- 
pects of machines and power electronics systems, 

(Ret 86/7) 

(2) Computing/Digita! Control Systems: where candidates will be 

expected to have knowledge in some of the following areac 

a. Microprocerors and their nsc in dire ct digital control of large 
eng i neeri ng systems. 

b. Fast mul tip rooa aing APultt-taaking migo pr oce sso r systems. 

c. Posting of operating systems, embedded systems and 
specialised architectures. 

(Ret 86/8} 

(3) Power Systems: where candidates should have experience or an 

interest in the general modelling of systems and in die 
development of new methods of power System Protection using 
digital techniques employing present generation hardware. 

(Ren 86/9) 

Salary within the range £7.520-£ 1 4.925 (pins 4%). 

Farther particulars and application forms from Personnel Officer, 
University of Bath, Bath. BA2 7AY quoting the r eferen ce numbers 

Closing dale: 7th February 1986. 

Over 13 minion of the most affluent people 
in the country read the classified columns of The 
Times. The following categories appear regularly 
every week, and are generally accompanied by 
relevant editorial articles. 

B MONDAY Edncrfon: University Appointments, Prep. & 
Public School AppoLnimenls, Educational Courses, 
Scholarships & Fellowships. 

B TUESDAY Computer Horizons: a comprehensive guide lo 
the markeL 

Legal Appointments: Solicitors, Commercial Lawyers, Legal 
Officers. Private & Public practice. 

B WEDNESDAY La Grose de la Crime- Secretarial/PA 
appointments over £7,500. General secretarial 
Property:- Residential. Commercial, Town & Country, 

Overseas. Rentals. 

B THURSDAY General Appointments: Chief Executives. 
Managing Directors, Directors, Sales and Marketing Execu- 
tives, Public, Finance and Overseas Appointment. 

B FRIDAY Motors: A complete car buyers' guide featuring 
established dealers and private sales. 

I SATURDAY OversaasTbmab Holidays abnrad.Low cost 
flights, Cruises .Car hire. 

UK. Travel: Hotels, Cottages, Holiday lets. 


To place year advertisement telephone 

*2? 01-837 3333/3311 

Ah amatively send ns .roar advertisement POST FREE to: 

Shirley MargolU, Classified Advertisement Manager, 
Times Newspapers Ltd, FREEPOST London WCl XBR. 


Department for External Studies 


Applications are invited for the above senior administrative 
post, in the academic-related Administrative scale 
(£1 2,140-El 6,565). Applicants should have relevant full- 
time administrative experience, preferably involving per- 
sonnel administration; familiarity with university/edulV 
continuing education would be advantageous. 

Further details and application form from the Deputy Direc- 
tor, Department for External Studies, Rewiey House, 1 
Wellington Square, Oxford 0X1 2JA. Tel: 0865 52901 . 

Closing date: 5 February 1986. 


The Senate invite applications for the above newly 
established Chair. Applications (1 1 copies) should be 
submitted to the Academic Registrar (T), University of 
London, Mafet Street, London WCl E7HU,from whom 
further particulars should first be obtained . 

The closing date for receipt of applications is 14 
February 1986. 






Aupttcattons are broiled by too 
Doportmant of LtnoutaUc Science 
ror a post to CcxnrotaUanal Unguto- 
Ucs apoaaerwd by IBM. Theauonto- 
ful bppHcam wm be expected Bo 
wade » ■ member of ■ collabora- 
tive group of researchers from IBM 
UK i Bctmfflfir Conn* and the Uni- 
versity of Reading on the morptw 
kxocal c o mp onent of an EPghtoi 
icxt-to^peecta ayoum. Experience 
In both - Al^programratng and 
ttnfHdstlcs tmuSTIx. uit-wtranlage 
but ca n d i da te * with expetffifc-tn- 
«nly one of Oieoe Behb wfli map no 
considered. TBe CSantorl FeOow- 
swp Is for a axed period of three 
years commencing on or before X 
May 19B6. sorting salary On Bo 
£15.100 (Senior Research Fellow) 
or up to £11.606 (Research Fel- 
low). These Mures include a pro- 
visional dib increase. Appbr Quot- 
ing Ref R2A for Application Form 
and further particulars Bo Persmt- 
nel Otncw. University or Reading. 
Whttoknhjhto. P.O. Base 8X7. Read- 
ing RG6 2AH. Telephone 0734 
078185 ext 233. Informal fete- 
phane en g ut rlas may be made to 
Ron Bramngton or Cotta Blags. 
Dent of Llnguisac Sdence. Qastng 
date IQ February 1996. 






te i su t ur ed for an owfBn a new poet 
to produce at mil c ato and pharroa- 
eenucai* labeled wBb a radtaacthw 
isotope non a cyclotron In a now 
laboratory beiaa set up Mr conical 
Urveshaaitre lyiaanrti The poet Is 
Being funded for Own yean bar the 
Medical Research Council- Appli- 
cations are Invited h-ocu ttoenrtun . 
preferably wtth experience of 
lamuih e im a wy ma training b pose- 

Satan within the range £7.680 to 
£9.960 on the IA Scale tor Other 
Related Staff, wtth aw w ri te * 
glaring (scale uodo' review). 

Farther pntlcuin and appHcahoa 
forms (ran The Secretary. The 
University. Regent Walk. Aber- 
deen. AB9 XFX. wllb whom aM>U- 
catfons <8 coptert- Should be. lodged 
by 7 February 1996. (Ref No 




The University of London Computer Centre is one oftwon etionM 
academic Computer Centres. H provides services to tiw Unwwsny 
of London, IMvarsWes in the South East sold South WWtof Ef®- 


BRASENOSE COLLEGE. OXFORD, proposes to deer one or more 
Senior FkUim Scholar* from October -1986. These Scholarships are 
open to those e ducated at Monmouth School who with to come to 
Oifbtf to read for a higher degree or ffiptama. The value of a Rddan 
Scbolanfaip is equal to tha * of the Stats mah i Tftiian ce grant for 
graduates, together with approved fees, except where the Scholar hokJs 
a state gnat in which, ate its value is £200 per annum. 

rvuidirfatee mmi be under 27, and graduates of British University (or 
undergraduates in ibe final year of an Honour* Course). 

fo rm* and (fa-Uuf detaih may be obtained from the Tutor 
for Graduates. Closing date for the receipt of completed applications is 
14tb February 1986. 



ia an&Iaa i wifliSL HBda’sCoDc^ 


Applications are invited for « Unfeoisity Uoaresfaip tetownjc 
Ownitty. Aprons may wort hr anr branch i rfforepmcctaiu 
istry, inehiding its borders with stxdfcce setepoe, solid-state K«n«, 
md Mnfo fy ft ~ ini*" ^ Th ” gno ointmem i ho oid beheldm 

oonhmcrioa with a tmorial ffeBowtirip at a coBer. The 

flat priority in this case shotdd be gven to St. Hunx s 
College, wbRfe, however, under its statures may adxait women 
fefiowa mdy. Accotdin^y, if > woman h appointed She m*y be 

oflfcitd a fitilowtirip by St HDda'N College. If a man is appoxmed. te 

may he offered a tUfowdrip by Wadham Cofl c g e . S cpamie appb- 
CBtkm need not be made for tire colk*e i n «Sitmeni.T ! tailier|w- 
ticuhtrs of the lectureship and of the cotiqp feOowshfp* may be 
obfaizied ftom Ptofessor J. B. Goodcnoty^i.. Inoijank Cheaustty 
Laboratory, South Pario Road. Oidbnl OXl 3QR, to w homaatr- 
riculum vitae and the names of three mfcwes *oirid'bB«*iiiitted 
by31*tl«nnary, 1986. 


industrial tutor for 


This is a permanent appointment. 

The main wrote is with experienced amaagm itf tyodnetioa and . 
rotated functions on a pBtdm cxperraiccd based detoqueat - 
nroaramme. Other academic responnsibiiitirs wiff depend on me '• 



[B KJ^imiihi pi me yanuu a|niw i a nim h . 

Candidates must have successful management exjjerience'airwefl » 
sound qualifications. An; esgnteermg. oc - applied science 

background is preferred but this is less imp o rta n t -than ability to m l 
actively acroa ffisdpfine boundaries and to provide tatoadsq^pcBt 
to managers in their own jobs aswcB as in the University. 

Salary scale £7.520^14,925 (^fer rev^L The atartiiig poiiii wffl 
dependoa age and experience. USS Benefits. 

Auu C cJt i on forms and pirticiilxis can be obtained from the 
u Me inn- 'TJ. iiai-TK 

(University of London} 







Appilcalton* arc tnvttad tor • toctu- 
ralilp to BieDcpaotreantufanMlci 
wtth apodal r*f«renco to Ancient 
History. lenaMa dm lat October 

taiwai salary wm be on the tower 
range of the tec tum 's acala 
£9.1 17-Jd.ojrra pjl (under re- 
view) rtdng to £16.817 pa indm- 
Ive of Lon dsn Allowance. 

Further details are available from 
Use Aaadtaut Sscmary t P aroonaeO 
(CL) CD. Btakbadc CoOega. Mate! 
Street London WC1E 7HX Ctefc OX- 
631 682m to whoa appHcattona la 
duplicate todudlDg a taH tv. and 
of two ni gr a tonal ha 
eent by 160i February 1986. 

University of 








S AppHcattona ana tavfterf for toe 
poet of University Lect u rer tar 
Geriatric ftnt— — In addition to 
dudcal duttv the aueoaaand candt- 
data wm be miutawl to cantatoute 
to tbe research and teaching cwn- 
mnmaals of tbe Academic DivMan 
at Ol atalC afadlctafe undar me 
mroato n ofmatarodoC dU to Wnit . 
The iiicri_na caadMale win to 
auctoda ftar an bowrary aMwatoBd 
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pe rtinent at €5a*U talc Medtdna. 
Mem teto uaif . Oxford 0X2 
6HE (Talaptnoe Oxford (OB6S) 
249091. «CL 49119b ftonn when 

further datalla may baoMatned. . 

University ofNotringhnm 




Registrar, Un i v n si t y of Salford, a 
wtmonn 215. to whom c o m ple ted 
7 Fcbnmry 1 986, quotingreferaice 

University of London 


M5 4WT. Tet -061-736 5843 
should be remnred by. 

Queen Mary Coflege 
(Universilycrf London) 



aHy Arabic, me- vacaoB appoIMM 
will bo mndrad to taacta oomeea A* 
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w aitaia to and paab aa dume Into, 
toparDcipata in raKtdngoC general 
im toyafiab coroaea to ccanaara- 
ttve poittlca. pnHHral theory and 
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rotary. School or Oriental and Afrs- 

Univcmty of Nottingham . 



Appumtona are krvtted *pom soft- 

• -IN 

The Ionospheric node* Oraw to 
Involved m toadies of the aumaf 

i : ' J' i i : i ?> S3 

live-in nanny 1 1 Sol-837 1326 and 01-837 3774 

for 3* year old bay- Must he II 
qiatUBefl (N-N.E-B. or NcH-tand). " 
axpertenced and d e dica ted. 

Sole charge as botti pawn 
work. Near Regents Park, own 
Ou let wtth hen. bath, an, 
colour T.V. Onerous Orne off. 
but only an weekends once a 
month. £70 per week. 

Phono Dan on 24S-KH 
(day) or 722-4129 lave). 


IWBB. Ha. ItaHYL BMaattfmL 
PbDM Sarah Bleach 
oa 01-637 1380 rat 126 



(GIRLS 5-18) 

Applications an invited for the post of 


which will become vacant from 1st January 1957 upon 
lire retirement of the present Headmistress, Mrs N. Silver, 

There are 542 juris in the Senior School indmnng a 
Sixth form of 1 12 and and 223 in the Junior SchooL The 
Head has responsibility fisr both Senior and Junior . 
Schools. Salary: Burnham Group 10. . 

The School participates in the Government’s Assisted 
Places Scheme. 

Forjurther particulars and an application form write to 
The Secretary, The Girls’ PnbHc Day School Trust, 

26 Qneeti Anne's Gate, London, SW1H 9AN. dosing 
date for applications: Friday, 24th January 1986. . 

Publicise your Scholarships, Bursaries, 
Forthcoming Open Days and Courses to ■ 
*1395,000 Times readers 
in our Independent Schools Feature 
For fiirther information please call: 
Stanley Marek on 01-837 3774 



ROYAL FAMLY. Exp orter** * 
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pww. News wjtti Gordon 

Jii-'Li’-.-liT'M-iJ ■ A r Jf .V ' 

.... . 


7-27, 7 ST action-, national 
and international news atTUn. 
7.30, WW.M0.antJ MO; sport 
ut 7.20 and 830; a review of 
tf» morning newspapers at 
\ M7. Plus, Lynn FauJda 

■Wood's consurtwr report; pop 
music nawsfrora asve. 
.Bteknefl; and Russell Grant's , 
horo sc o p es. '■ 

m Cnfex. iMo Nay School, 
pawned by lan LaacWan ' 

C este t, ' ■ . \ : 

1240 tiewir After NpdnwttH nfchaid 
WWppjMndFraows ■ 
CoVerdate. )nebd«s.rv«ws > 
headlines with subtitles. VLSE 
Regional news. Th» weather - 
delate come from ten 
McCasWL : . ; \ 

1.00 PsbbtaMBstbnswttfi 
Magnusson Magnusson and 
Josephine Buchan. Tfesfey’s ' 
programme incJudes the first 
of a series of reports from 
Paul Cota in the Seychelles. . 

' 1.45 Little Mnae end the' 
Meter Hen. A-See-Saw 
programme for tba very young 

240 The Parent Pr og r amm e. 

Francis WBson and Miriam 
O' Ratty continue their aortas 

on learning to Bve with pre- 

scftcwl chgdrea Today’s . 

subset Is coping with breast 
and bottle feeding. 2.15 Play It 
Sate! Accident prevention 
advice from Jimmy Savte (i). ■ 
Z2S See Hear! Z50 Songs of 
Praise from (Jskeard (shown 
yesterday) (Coatexl. 3JS 

7M, 7.30, MO, MO and MO; 
exerctaesat&20 and 3.17: 
sport at MS and 7.34s Derek 
Jameson at 7.15- cartoon at 
7-24; pop Vfaeo at 7j»5; 
highfiphts fromTV-am’s first 
two yeas at 3.17; Jfcnmy 
Greaves's television NghMghts 
at M5; actress Jean Boosts 
H ite about her holiday in. 
Yugoslavia at M4;a . ’ 

ch8dran*tA12. . 


425 Thames ne ws headftnes. 
MO For Schools: Part tvwjof the 

Theavoftifion of the . 
telephone. 9^ Learning to - 

rati wfih ■ 

Uses of computers. 1028 
Physics experiment the . 
deterirtnafioi of toe velocity of 
radio waves. 1045 First year 


& f 





Robert Graves: Bookmark 
special on BBC £7.30 pm. 

B wa 

loaRy grim material as a Rad 
of Nelson's Column, spy 
at give a double- 
meaning to the slogan We Listen to 
the People on advertising 
hoardings, and e dissolution of the 
monasteries that preceded the 
banning of the movie 77 m Sound of 
Music, fo the Londongrad of 1999, 

the shuttlecock is the only evidence 

that there used to be something to 
eat celled a chicken, in a stem and 

i ' J ' i te Vi p . » M 'i'^ V J nrwQlliw^ftF '‘ i ^ W 'i m h ' 1 fii 1 ' 

7JB MomlnqConcsn: rsconfings of 
Grieg's Four Norwegian Songs, 
orchestrated by HanaStt. bp 35 
{ECOfcCanteibubo's Throe 
EtourToes (Songs of the 

to throw some 
tight on this most tSstingufshed 
dramatization by Jack Pufanan. ft 
doesn't except for Graves's brief 
comment about the pecuniary 
djfftaitiea that made him write the 
truth: ft is Graves the poet who is 
under scrutiny tonight with the help 
of interviews from me archives 
(Muggartdgo and Wheidon put the 
questions), and some old film of the 
poet reading some of his own 

Rwa[ Palace in Madrid, played on 
stradivarius instruments from the 
royal collection. Thera is a Mozart 
quartet, too . . . .Also interesting, 
onpaper at least is the WOMAN'S 

K HOUR feature about osteopaths 
1 4. 8.15pm), adapted from the 
Jameson 1933 novella which 
vSflo^HtiY been republished by 

Peter Davalle 


Vv h\T: 

Ceefax. &52 Regional news. 

I 3.55 Pedrflngton has a Picnic by 
the River (r) 4.00 Caterpillar 
TrariL Stuart Bradley examines 
seaweed 4.15 JEntoo and the 
Jet Set Cartoon series. 4.20 ' 
Jacfcanoty. Bernard Cribbtas 
with part one of Kenneth 
Grahame's The Wind in the 
Willows (r) 4.35 Thundertrfni* 

: 2086. Cartoon series. 

■ 5.00 John Craven's Newsround. 

5.05 Blue Peter. Simon Groom 

' visits the Barton Swing 

Aqueduct opened by Queen . 
Victoria ini 884 (Ceefax) 

5-35 Ch arias in Charge. Comedy . 
series about a male, teenage 

6.00 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Andrew Hatyey. Weamer. 

1 636 London Ptua, presented by 
Jeremy Paxman. 

' 7.00 WogaaGitting In (or Terry on 

i . the second week of his break 

■ is Feifcfty KendaL Her guests 

: include Dolph Lungren.T’aui - 
Eddbigtoa Shd Gtanys " ~ ' 

' Kkmoclc Musfa to -provided by 
. A-ftA, from Norway. 

7.40 Staraky and Hutch. A beautiful 
singer is being threatened by a 
gangster. Hutch is assigned to 
/ her protection (r). . 

8J0 Don’t Watt Up. Tom’s 

. girtfriend, Madeline wafics out 
.on him leaving him in a low 

■ condition - the ssne state as . 
his bank balance. Hfs tether, * 

- : Toby, tries to Dftliim both . _ r 
emqfionel^ andfinarictefly. r -• 
Starring Nigel Fiavsrs and 
Tony Britton (Ceefax). 

9.00 News with JuHa SomaruSIa 
and John Humphcys. Weather. 

9.30 Panorama. A report on 
Mlchaei HeseMne's 
resignation and its 

10.10 FUtm TheWnby Conspiracy^ 
(1975) starring Michael Caine, 
Sidney PoWer and Nlool . 
Wfffiamsoa ThriHer with Caine 
playing tin rota of an English 
mining engteeer working In • 
South Africa, who becomes 
involved in saving black - 
activist Shack Twala from the 
police. The two of them go on 
the run but are mysteriously ~ 
allowed to stay free by the 
pursuing State Security 
bureau force led by Major 
. Horn. Directed by Ralph 

1.50 Weather. 

and symmetry. -11J22 Maths? 
lines. 11 .35 A Journey around 
Paris. •- ■ ■ 

124)0 Tfdde on tbeTum. Vfflage 
tales for the young (r). 1110 
- Let's Pretend to the etory of 

The Chtmp. Who Copied 

1230 Drugs For Alt? Advice on 
avoiding dependence on 
tranquilizers and slesplng .. 
. pflls.- . 

i.00' Newest One with Leonard 
. Parkin. 1'^OJhsmes news. . 

1-30 FAtb Tfie Sparilsti Gardener 
(1856) starring DErk Bogarde, 
Mfcfsel Hordern and Jon 
Whitatey. A diplomat becomes 
jealous of his young son’s 
attaefunort to the embassy 
gardener. Based on the novel 
by A. J. Cronin and directed by 
Phflta Leacock. 3^ Thames 
news headines. 3.30 The 
Young Doctors. 

4-00 .TIcMe on the Turn. A repeat of 
• the programmsshown at 
7 ■ : ^ noon. 4.1 0 .The-Tdebugal 
Cartoon Series; 4J20 He-Man 
and Masters of the Universe. 

4.45 Spirit Bay. Adventure series 
set in the wflds of Canada. 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

5.45 News. 6JQ0 Thames news. 

6^5 Help! Viv Taylor Gee with 

news of Ptaytrac, a Save thB 
Chfldren FUnd project 
designed to assist In the 
activities of the 

&35 Cros sroa ds. Barry’s wfld 
claims about Jo’s 
disappearance lead to the 
. appearance of thepoflee. 

7.00 Wish You Were Here ...? 
Judith Chalmers reports from 
Jaipur; Anneka Rice, goes . 
scuba diving off the coast of 

Cyprus; and Chris Kelly takes 
a novices caravanning hoBday 
bi Suffolk (Oracle). 

‘ ■ 7^0 Coronation Street. Ken is 
upset and angry when he 
• learns about Dekdrs's meeting 
with Mike Baldwin (Oracle). ■ 

8JD0 JUtln GoodJEalth. Richard 
Briers stars as the Rev Philip ■ 
Lam be, a vicar experiencing a 

- crisis of . conscience. 

830 Worid to Aotion: Doctor, 

There’s Something bi the 
Soup. An Investigation Into the 

- risks of food poisoning In 
Britain's hospitais. 

■ 9,00 Thfr MIL A roofer decides to 
get his. own back on a 
customer who hasn't paid his 
account In full. Starring Dean 
Harris (Oracle). . 

10.00 News atTen and weather, 
followed by Thames newe. 

1030 Ftan Uttte Dartings (1 980) 
starring Tatum O'Neal, Kristy 
McNichol and Armande 
Assante, Which one of two 
girts wfli be the first to lose her 
‘ virginity? Not one of the boys 
at' the Camp Uttie Wolf Is safe 
from the predatory teenagers. 
Directed by Ronald F. 

9.00 Ceefax. 

'9.15 Daytime on Two: chiaosktg a ' 
jeto hi the catering business. 
938 A proffla erf three young - 
people who are caring and 
helping In the community. 

10.00 For four- and five-year- 
olds. 10.15 Music rhythms. 
1038 Modern history: the 
events leading to the Cuban 
missile crisis. 11.00 ThB 
problems faced by scientists 
planning to land Ned 
Armstrong on the moon. 

1132 Thkikabout 11.40 A Russian's 
view of the causes for worid 
tensions. 12.10 The first of a 
series on tin companies that 

. have survived the recession. 

. 12^0Technical studies- . 
plastics materials. 1.05 Lesson 
two'Of the better badmtfiton 
course (ends et 130). 138 
Scotland's new industries. 

2-00 Words and pictures. 2-18 
Tha second of a two-part 
series about two teenagers 
having their first serious 
relationship. 2.40 Buddy, part 
two of the drama starring 
Roger Daftrsy. 

3-05 Ceefax. 

5- 25 Naws summery with subtitles 

, weather.. 

530 Troubled Waters. The ' 
background to the dispute 
over the River Derwent 
between landawners, boating 
enthusiasts, anglers and 
' conservationists. 

6- 00 Fttm: On MoonSght Bay (1951) 

starring Dorks Day and Gordon 
Macrae. Musical comedy, sat 
in the years prior to the First 
Worid War. Directed fry Roy 
Del Ruth. 

730 Robert Graves 1895-1885. A 
. Bookmark special paying 
tribute to the poet who (fled 
last month ai Majorca (see 
- Choice). 

8-10 Horizon Genesis. A 

documentary explaining the 
complex business of' building a 
living creature. What, until two 
years ago, had been thought 
too campticstad to 
understand, has been de- 
mystified by the dtaoovery of a 
molecular key which may hold 
the due to the creation of an 
creatures inducting man. The 
narrator Is Peter France. ' r 

930 Comrade Dad. A new comedy 
series, set in 1999 ten years 
after London has been taken 
over by the Russians, starring 
'■ George Cola,. Barbara Ewing 
and Doris Hare, (sae Choice). 

930 Bob Monkhouse Meets Mex 
Bygraves. The two" . 
entertainers open a new series 
of the Bob Monkhouse Show. 
10.10 Submarine. The first of a ■ 
series of six fOms about 
Britain's stient service (r). ' 

10.40 Newsitight includes a report . 
on a bizarre manner of death 
hi which victims burst into 
flames for no apparent reason. 
1135 Weather. * 

11.30 TOe-JoumaL The news as / 
seen tonight by viewers of 
.. Germany's second channel, 
ZOF; and stories from 
France's TFI channel. Ends at 


230 Winston ChurchiB - The 
Valent Yean*. -Part 10 of the 
26-programme history of the 
Second Worid War, based on 
- the memoirs of yvkiston 
ChurchiB, continues with his 
view of the successes of the 
Japanese, culminating In the 
fate of Hong Kong and 
Singapore (r). 

3.00 The Late, Late Show-Gay 
Byrne's popular chat show 
seen in Dublin on Saturday . 

430 A Phis 4. G1U NeviHa meats 
’ controversial architect Richard 

- ■ Rogers who takes viewers on 

a tour of his new building for 
. Lloyds of London. 

430. Countdown: The r signing 
Ctjampfan oi the words and 
numbers game. David Weller 
' of Leamington Spa. Is 
* challenged by Paul Davison, a 
civil servant from Tyne and 

. 5.00 Alice. Tommy. Alice's son. 
decides that he prefers the 
glamour of show bosnress to 
college after he wms a part In 
a play. 

530 Food for Thought The second 
programme In the series 
presented by Marion Bowman 

- and Brian J. Ford analyses the 
- . evidence that links certain 

■aspects of the 
nation's diet (r). 

6.15 World of Animation. 

630 Be Yow Own Boss. The 
.second pro g r a mme In the 
series giving advice about how 
' to setup, run and expand 
one's own business, 
introduced by Henry Cooper. 
This evening’s programme 
. deals with the recycling 
industry (r)(Oreda). 

730 Channel Four news with Peter 

730 Comment With his views on a 
matter of topical importance Is 
Charles Jonscher, a 
consultant bn information 
technology. Weather. 

830 Brookaide. Fists fly when 
.Barry and Pat confront the 
Cleary brothers about the 
missing van wheels; while 
there is a verbal confront a t i on 
between Billy Cork hill and 
Bobby Grant over the dispute 
'at the factory. ' 

830 Basketball. The Prudential 
Cup Final between Kingston 
and Solent 

93B bhance ln a Million. Comedy 
'series starring Simon CaOow 
r and Brena Btethyn. Acddant- 
--- prone Tom Chanca is Sent to a 

.. .. church to cancel a wedding 
' after the donkey carrying the 
-bride to her nuptials collapses 
on Tom's car and the 
prospective bride faAs for the 

. . . yet called to deal with the 
injured animal. 

10.00 Greece: The Mddan War. The 
second of Birae films about the 
Greek CMI War from 1 947 to 

11.00 The Eleventh Hour Acting 
Tapes 2: Counter Acting. The 
acting style championed by the 
1920s avant-garde Russian 
theatre director. Vsevolod 

1230 Close. 

Radio 4 

wave, t atso VHF stereo, 
hipping Forecast 6410 News 
iriefkig. 6.10 Farming Week. 

630 Today, ted 630. 730, 830 News. 

6.45 Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 730, 5.00 News. 735, 

- 835 Sport 7.45 Thought for the 

635 The Week on 4. with Marshall 

8.43 GNn Worsntp goes into the 
Sound Archives. 837 Weather: 

9.00 News. 

9415 Startthe week with Richard 
Baker and studio guestet 

10410 News; Money Box. Financial 
advice, presented by Louisa 
Botting (ri. 

10.30 Morning Story: The Trouble with 
Irene by Deborah Rogin. Reader 
Vivian Creegor. 

1045 Dafly Service (New Every 
Morning, page 93).t 

11.00 News; Travefc Down Your Way. 
Brian Johnston visits Tonbridge 
in Kent fr*_ 

1146 Poetry Please! Poetry requested 
by listeners, read by Ronald 
Pickup and Jill Balcon. Presented 
byP.J. Kavanagh. 

124)0 News; You and touts. Presented 
By Paitw Coldwell. 

1237 Brogue Male. Four stirring tales 
in which Sir Digby Spode and the 
trusty Hubert Carstalre thwart the 
forces of swarthy skulduggery 
(31. The Curse of the Yeti. With 
Richard Johnson and Royce 
MIOs.r 1235 Weather. 

1.00 The Worid at One: News. 

140 The Archers. 135 Shipping 


230 News; Woman’s Hour. Artemis 
Pittas enters the worid ot the 
o s teop a th. And Patricia 
Routndge reads the 10th 
instalment of Barbara Pym's 
Crampton Hodnet 

330 Tha Afternoon Play: Man of the 
People, by Allen Saddler. Starring 
Patrick Mower as Horatio 
Bottomiey, regarded as a super- 
patriot In the cbys of the First 
Worid War (r>-t 

430 Kaleidoscope presented by 
Michael BUngton. A second 

BBC 1 Wales: 53Spre-6.00 Wales 
.1 Today. 636-730 International 
Sheepdog Trials. 1130-1230atn Rugby 
Special: Highlights of Stewart's Meh/Ba 
FP v Harlot's FP and Hawick v Kelso. 
1230-1235 News. Scotland: lOLIGem- 

10.30 B222. 535-630 Catchword. 635- 

7-00 Reporting Scotland. 1130-11.55 
News. Northern Intend: 535pm-S.40 
Today’s Sport 5.40-64X1 Inside Ulster. 
635-730 Channel One- 1130-1135 
News. En^amb 635pm-74U Regional 
news magazine. 

con Starts: 130pm Countdown. 130 

Face The Press. 230 FFenestri. 

2.20 Moeiwyn. 236 Hwro ac Yma. 235 
Interval. 330 Late. Late Show. 430 A 
Plus 4. 430 March of Time - The 
American Century. 530 Yagotoriaeth. 
530 Pop the Question, 630 
Danqerman.- 630 Anturiaethau Syr. . 
Wynn a Ptwmsan. 730 Newyddkxt 
Sarth. 730 Arohra. 630 Lou Grant 930 
Gweflhdy ComedL»30 Y Byd ar 
Bedwar 1030 Basketball 1130 Alan 
Bush - A Ufa. 12.15am Closedown. 

YORKSHIRE ^‘£2?S n,l * c ?£ 

— 130pm News. 135 

Help Yourself. 130 Film: Riddle of the 
Sands (Michael York). 335 News. 330- 
430 Country Practice. 630 Calendar. 
630-730 Enterprise 86. 1030 Calendar 
Commentary. 1130 Prisoner Cefl Block 
H. 12.00 Comedy Tonight 1230am 

chance to hear last Friday's 

edition which included comment 
on As You LBra h. at the 


son pm; News magazine. &£0 

Shipping. 53SW eather. 

6.00 News; Financial Repon. 

6-30 Just a Minute. Panel game with 
Kenneth Wililams. Peter Jones. 
Simon Bates. Derek Nlnuno and 
Nicholas Parsons (rt.t 

7.00 News. 

7.05 Tha Archers. 

730 On Your Farm (ri. 

7.45 Science Now. Discoveries and 
developments from tha world of 
science. With Peter Evans. 

8.15 The Monday Play. A Day Off by 
Storm Jameson. With Brenda 
Bruce as the woman who. In vain, 
goes to Kew Gardens to get away 
from her worries.! 

8.30 The Gamekeeper’s Tale. Malcolm 
Bluings talks to a head 
gamekeeper on a country estate, 
John Lewis, about his work. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine 
presented by David Roper. 
Includes comment on the season , 
of Kurosawa fUme at the 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Vice Versa by 
F. Armey. Abridged in 12 pans 
(11). Read by David Davis. 10.29 

1030 The World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial Worid Tonight. 

11.30 Today in Parliament 

12.00 News: Weather. 1233 Shipping. 
VHF (evtulabia m England and 5 
Wales only) as above except: 

5. 55 - 6. 00am Weather; Travel. 

1 1.00-12.00 For Schools. 1 1 .00 
Music Makers. 1130 Let's Move! 

11.40 Johnny BsB'c Maths 
Games. 1l3b Poetry Comer. 

1.55- 3. 00pm For Schools: 135 
Listening Comer. 2.05 Playtime. 
230 Introducing Science. 240 
Topic Song book. 2.45 Radio 
Club. 530-535 PM (continued). 
1230-1. 10am Schools Nlght- 

* Time Broadcasting; Radio 
Geography: Our (Slanging World. 
1230 Aberdeen. 123ffFarmlng- 
Eastem Scotland. 

Pascal Tortelier, violin; Paul 
Tortelier, cello; Maria de la Pau, 
ptanoLt 84)0 News. 

8.05 Morning Concert part twp. 
Haydn's Sonata No 50 in C 
(Brendel, piano); Adam's G&e&e: 
Grand pas ds deux and Finale 
from Act 2 (Paris Conservatoire . 
Orchestra); Rubbra's A Tribute 
far Ralph Vaughan WBHams's 
70th birthday (Bournemouth 
Slnfonlettate Nielsen's Fynsk 
Farer, (Springtime n Fyn) wtth 
Kerman sen. soprano: westi, 
baritone; Ztatle Girls' 
Choir/Copanhagen Bms' 
Choir/Danish Stale Ratfio 
Choir/Danish Raefio SOJ.t 9.00 

9.05 This Week's Composer. 
Schumann. Chamber music. 
Marchtaterzahlungen. Op 132 
(Nash Ensemble); Adagio and 

. allegro, Op 70 (Tuckwd. horn and 
Ashkenazy, piano); String Quartet 
ft Anunor.Dp41.No1 (Vienna 
' MusBcveraln Quartet).! 

1 Q.D0 Louis Moreau Gotttchalk: Philip 

Gonschcalk, he plays Mazurit, 

- Romance. Po8u, Cnenson di 
gitano and Unes. Also, the 
Miserere from II trovatore end 
Columbia (Caprice America ina).l 

10.45 Bohemian Symphonies: Prague 
Chamber Orchestra play Benda's 
Symphony in B fiat (under Bjortlnj 
and Anton Reicha's Symphony in 
E fiat. Op 41 (under Vainer).* 

1130 Song Redtak Penelope Price 
Jones (soprano). Phlftp Martin 
Mein Lie bs ter : 

Radio 3 

635 Weather. 730 News. 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

Orchea-!ra).t 435 News. 

54)0 Mainly for Pleasure: a selection 
of recorded music, presented By 

630 Music for the Iron Voice: Hans 
Fagkts at tha organ of St David's 
CethedraL Stuttgart. Karg- Eton's 
PassacagGa, Variations and 
Fugue on BAC.H.. op I50.f 

730 The LSO under Istvan Kertes* 
play Brahms's Serenade No 2 in 
A minor.) 

7.30 EBU international Concert 
Season. Live from the Royal 
Palace. Madrid. Orlando String 
OusTtst are joined by the calf ist 
Kartne Georgian to play 
BocchertnTa Qufttet ft C. The 
quartet Itself plays Mozart's 
Quartet In G. K307. Pert one of 
the concert, t 

8.16 The Stranger: Denys Hawthorne 
reads the story written and 
translated from tha Welsh, by 
Harri Pritchard Jfones. 

835 Concert: part two. ScnuberTs 
Quintet in C, D956.t 

930 The Star Ware History, the fifth of 
the six Michael Chariton 
programmes is celled Defence in 
Space: the President moves the 
goalposts. Those taking pan 
(route Caspar Weinberger, Dr 
Edward Teller, Fred Hoffman and 
Richard Perto (r). 

10.15 Varese, Henze and Anne Boyd 
Iris delTAcpua (soprano, with 
BBC Singers and New Chamber 
Soloists (conductor; Andrew 
Parrott). Varese's Oetandre. 

Anne Boyd's As I crossed a 
bridge of dreams; Henze's 
Cantata della flaba estremal 

11.00 Northern SJnfonia (under Steuan 
Bedford). Lars-Erik Lars son's 
Divertimento, Op 15; Mozart's 
Adagio and Fugue In C minor. 
K54S: David Matthews's 
Serenade for chamber orchestra 
and J C Bach's Symphony in D 
major. Op 18 No 3.1 
11.57 News. 12.00 Closedown 

Radio 2 

News on the hour. Headlines 530em, 
630, 730 and 830. Sports desks 
1.05pm, 232, 332, 4.02, 535, 

6 .02, 6.45 (MF) only 935 
4.00em CoVn Berryt. 6.00 Ray Moore. 1 ' 

8.05 David Hamikont. 1030 Jimmy 
Young.t. 1415pm David Jacobs, t. 2.00 
Gloria Hunmfontt. 330 Music AH tiw 
Wayt. 430 Barbara Dicksont. 6.0b 
Dunn (live from Portugal)! 1 . 8.00 Alan Del' 
with Dance Band Days and. at 830. Big 
Band Era.t. 9.00 Humphrey Lyttelton 
with an on record.t935 Sports desk. 

10.00 The Conch quiz. Paddy Feeny 
with Pam Ayres. Shelia Anderson. 
Johnny Morris and Joe Henson. 1030 
Star Sound. 1130 Brian Matthew 
presents Round Midnight (Stereo from 
midnight). 1.00am Charles Nove 
presents Nightride.t. 3.00-4.00 A Unto 
Night Music. t 

Radio 1 

News on the half hour from 630am until 
930pm and at 1 2 mldntght 
6.00am Adrian John. 730 Mike Read. 
930 Simon Botes. 1230pm Newsbeat 


MTV WEST As London except: 

130pm News. iS) 

Film; Our GW Friday (Joan Collins). 330 
3.30 Three Littto Words. 6.00-730 - 
News. 1030 Extra Time. 11.15 V. 

12.1 5am Moviemakers. 12.45 

GRAMPIAN As London except 
wwiwriMiv News. 130- 

3.30 FSm: Trent's Last Case' (Oram 
WeflesL 5.15-5.45 Emmerdeto Farm. 
630-730 North Tonight 1030 All Star 
Rock Concert. 12.10am Closedown. 


Home Cookery. 1 35 Film: The Love 
Lottery. 3.10-330 Jasper Canot. 5.12 
Puffin's Pla(I)ce. 5.15-5.45 Sons and 
Daughters. 630 Channel Report 630- 
74)0 Soortino AH Stars. 1030 Questions. 

CHy Had. 12.15am Closedown. 

ANG1 IA AS London except 130pm 

Mixiai-iM NBWg . 1J0 F1i m: The 

Liquidator. (Eric Sykes). 330-330 
Cartoon. 5.15-5.45 Emnwrdsto Farm. 

6.00 About Anglia. B 30-730 Survival. 
1030Angfis Reports. 1130 V. 1230 
Harvest Jazz. 1230am A Peculiar 

1030 Falcon Crest 1 1 30 Party with Ihe 
Rovers. 1230 News, Closedown. 


TYNF TFF 1 ? As London except 
1 Tric >cc ° 130pm News. 130 
David Frost Presents the Guinness 
Book of Records. 230-330 Tennant's 
PBsner Classic Bawls. 6.00 Northern 
Ufa. 6.45-730 PSA Report 10.32 
Briefing. 1130 Bowls. 12.15am Flowers 
of the world, Closedown. 

CENTRAL AS London except 
. lfWU 130pm News. 130-3.30 
Film: The Password Is Courage. (Dirk 
Bogarde). 6.00-7.00 News. 10.35 
Central Week. 1135 V. 12.06am 
Contact 12.35 Closedown. 

Amort). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 730 
Janice Lang. 1 0.00-1 230 John PeeLt. 
VHF redos 1 & 2: 4.00am As Radio 2. 
10.00pm As Raeflo 1. 12.00-4-OOam As 
Radio 2. 

ULSTER 130pm Lunchtime. 130 
» cn Fibn: Sink the Bismarck! 
(Kenneth More). 3.15 Cartoon. 3.30-4.00 
Short Story Theatre. 630 Good Evening 
Ulster. G 30-7.00 Ulestyle. 1030 
Lakeland Games: Newry v Dublin. 1130 
V. 11.55 Ten Green Bottles. 1230am 
News, Closedown. 


StiOam Nawsdoak. 7JJ0 Naws. 738 Twenty- 
Four Hours. 7 JO Said and company. B30 
Naws. BJ» Rafiaceons. 8.15 Forajgh Affairs. 
8.30 Anything Goes. 9.00 News. 9.0fl Review of 
Brtoafi Press. 0.15 Wavagukte. 9-25 Good 
Books. 8.40 Look Ahead. 9.45 Poesies' 
ChaiCB. 1030 News. 1031 The Gorbachev 
MerttancB. 1030 Hksvile USA. 1130 Naws. 
1139 Newa About Britain. 11.15 Davatopmam 
as_ 12.00 Radio NewGraai. 12.15 Quota, 
Unquota. 12.45 Sports Roundup. 1.00 Nows. 
138 Twwwy-Four Hows. 130 Beethoven and 
the Violin. 230 Outlook- 235 Poets On Music. 
330 Radio Newsreel. 3.15 The Gorbachev 
inheritance. 335 Development T36- 430 News 
430 Commentary. 4.16 No Plow Uka It 430 
Sen and Vioienca and Opera. 4.45 The Worid 
Today. 530 News. 539 Book Choice. 5.16 
Jazz Score. 830 Nows. 838 Twenty-Four 
Hours. 9.15 Sax and Vioienca and Opera. 930 
Rock Salad 1030 Naws 1109 The World 
Today. 1035 Book Croce. 1030 Financial 
Naws. 10-40 Ratecflone. 10-45 Sports . 
Roundup. 1130 News. 1139 Commentary. - 
11.15 No Place Uka ft 1130 Quote, Unquote. 
1230 News. 1239 News About Britain. 12.15 
Redo Newsreel 1230 Sarah And Company. 
1.00 News. 1.01 Outlook. 130 Short Story. 
1-45 No Place Lika t 230 News. 2.09 Review 
of the British Press. 2.15 Network UK. 230 
Sports Intern a tio n al 330 Naws. 338 News 
About Britain. 3.15 The Worid Today. 330 John 
Pod 430 Newsdesk. 430 Sow* of Strings. 
535 The Worid Today. 

(AS tfanea In OMT) 



® Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-8373333 «>r33D 

REJOICE the send of thv Krnrt Cor 
unto QMa. o Lord, do I on 09 my 
•out." - Psabn M4. 




IZQi 1984. RamrOana wim so 

lZtn 1984. Rsmsmtosrsd wim so 

COOKSOM, Grad*. Happy HHMay 
Mammy, I miss you today and 
always. Jude. 

JuMom of Bdjavr Sqoare. SW. 
Buritag period bone with fl an X- 
taped lit floor diwte no, tfmfn g 
m, oenfr fined Ul sady. 3 beds, 3 
HOI, ctafam, {do, roof tenacc. 



A yduaka of ccmpfagfr 
remodemtsed newly finished Ode 
m dia portend Meek. The Atom 
afi «j— — ■ «ad fiiMird In a fash 
attadard and hare a m i nim u m of 3 


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pbsiih ii ypdh fW-in» ym floor flat 
m n/b Meek. Tbetaaa tea ae»fa. . 
dfnwM c d and famteed. DUe 
2 Mi, hi and hdL doatan. 

; Ponihliqrofpnie. 023 pw; 



n«r..» tUDSE T9 mm • 
■BOB. QM« s* fhtto «*» ™ 
Hock, UpM fay «tatoM ne*fr 
tern mod ML Spk. dUa Mno. + 
eh* / 4*i term. ©t Hem* 
( un Uliim- £173p*. 

80019 KMMTU& - CtOM Ante- 


mtfat Gdawta mbtoa. 3teL 2 

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Sg to l-* 1 ** 1 gda. Dream B/*ier 
ca PtoMto. Enjtoao fcnbM. 

S375pw. • • 

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01 -828 8251 - 



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01-9482482 • 

ortSnfW. 2/3 ted|2 taihs. &s 
races. sll madsnes. £50Qp.W-' 
£jt8OJtiv0 4 bed 3 teffi fee 
Gramy ammo tea. «dmmnfl pat 

jsSat^ b«J lw wtf UTOi * 

^^sind Gardener. £250p.w. 


h« apt *rtth ncBO ai» w 3 tevmtZ 

beds, beaudhdy dec. & ™ m - 


HTBS /*« SO. i m& A 2 M tg, 
nperUr totuated shops and mtte 
trmvport. £225p.K tecJtadU- 
superb tows tea 2 Maps, 
rrrTs beds, gga WOK dec & tan 
£185p.w. . 





Letting & Manaoement 




TTxi Lett inn Aiicnt.s 



At me tort of the vUto m » 


aorcy ma boo*. U offcn a dfe- 
ina room *nd &Hy ‘S ttcd ta tchcn. 

iiSviat room. w o doubk bed; 
naoi, one m*e bedroom and 
two badtroorm . A vrg^fc qto 
Ttbnms far a toe Jet at £375 a 



w KBismam veto m. 

s/C. CH. tax Mato. Sto*. dm m. 
■mtn a rm. ktt. ts instr y nn. batb. 
Sun 4. £180 pw. 

T W I CKENH AM- Lane (biHcm. 

x hods, QnMMti loungs/tto. ML 



HUUr fDSr «t An hnacuUi ato. 
h fa» fast ol Mqf*. dsgmir fcm. 4 


BAHLGT RHET. Wl. htoitar datognad 2ai 
tar RB to mod. Mock. 2 tmh, bBh. dto 
m. fan man fa, bdnqr. E3Kb«. k>V 
W feBto Mm ntobto fa ng4 


SrMmaWaad 3facdmapLPraafac 
bOc, Aston Road. EWe n«n Ufa 
gggdtt 2 M-. T. 

Mbs Soper apb on 3 Boon. At- 
ttacdvt Mt 2 dhfc bed rms. Vxaitti 
ta il wit* rfi fac. CSOl 
HaBaodTfafc Briefa mod u Exc 
4 . dbio bed taieeimcn lay ba<^ 
pano; tech. £130. 
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The I’ropertv NLinayerv 

• - 01-221 8^38 

1 bed, interior designed fill Bf 
tube. Potter, video, entiy- 
phaae. Co long fat £155p*. 


2 dUebed fimriA Ions ftendi 
windows. Latge itefa,. fch, 
vaaber/drya, buh. . Port e r, 
video entryphone. Go long Jet. 
£295 pw. ’ 




OUAHl MSK. Ncslr 4K Ut ! i'.' 




’■ > • * **** * 


liosn l^TTn I iT3 1 R 


Antarctic party 
follows in 
Scott’s footsteps 

:'V - 

- -■ r ' " 

Robert Swan, Roger Mear 
and Gareth Wood hare fol- 
lowed in the footsteps of 
Captain Scott’s journey to the 
Sooth Pole motivated by the 
. same mixture of adventure and 
scientific discovery. But their 
methods and wmm differed 

Robert Falcon Scott travelled 
to the Antarctic in 1910 with 
the joint aims of being first to 
conquer the Sooth Pole and to 
carry out an extensive pro- 
gramme of scientific research, 
it was hh second visit to the 
continent, after an exploratory 
expedition in 1904. 

Like Scott, Swan, Mear and 
Wood, together with their 
colleagues at their base-camp 
at Cape Evans, Dr Michael 
Stroud and Mb' John Tolson, 
have been carrying out research 
work. Among their pro- 
grammes have been m edical , 
botanical and georaphical pro- 
jects and tests on equipment 
and provisions supplied by 

Scott’s expedition left Car- 
diff on June 1, 1910 on board 
the Terra Nova and arrived at 
McMurdo Sound in the Ant- 
arctic on January 23, 1911. 

They set off for the South 
Pole on November 2, 1911, the 
pace heightened by the news 
that the Norwegian explorer 
1 Roald Amundsen was also 
malting an attempt. 

Swan, Mear and Wood set 
out from their base at Camp 
1 Evans on November 2 last year, 
74 years to the day after Scott’s 
departure. Bnt unlike Scott, 

' whose team established supply 
camps along their way, the 
three men polled their pro- 
visions on specially-designed 
sledges: a laden weight of 
350U>s per man. 

There was another differ- 
ence: Scott wa$ setting out on a 
round journey of more than 
1,700 miles, without radios and 
largely without maps. Swan, 
Mear and Wood only needed to 
take equipment and provisions 
for the journey to the pole, 
where they could find shelter at 
a US research station. They 
also carried a small radio, for 
use in emergencies only. 

Beyond the formidable Bear- 
dmore Glacier the path to the 

Today’s events 

By Gregory Neale 

* Mear pole lies open. Scott’s part y 
ve fol- pushed on, setting up supply 
sps of caches en route. By now they 
to the were on foot, the dog parties 
by the having been sent back, 
are wthP The tele of the two expeditions 
it their diverges at this point Last 
liffered Saturday, Swan, Mear and 
Wood arrived at the pole, 
-a veiled safely and in good spirits. They 
10 with bad completed the trek in 71 
first to days. 

and to Scott and bis companions 
e pro- arrived on January 17, 1912. 
search. To their bitter disappointment, 
to the the Norwegian flag planted by 
oratory Amundsen more than a month 
before, fluttered In ironic 
jar and greeting. 

their While' Swan, Mear and 

e-camp Wood enjoyed good conditions, 
Cchael Scott’s team retraced its steps 
rolson, in worsening weather and 
search began to weaken. Their daily 
pro- diet provided 4,430 calories a 
tedical, day. 

pro - After the pole, the Norwe- 

ipment gjans were able to increase 
ed by their rations but Scott dis- 
covered that faltering progre s s 
ft Car- was worsened by the need to 
i board reduce rations well below the 
ived at 5,500 calories nutritionists 
ie Ant- estimate he would have needed. 

ll - .. Swan, Mear and Wood used 

hi rtT m °4ern rations that included 
1X * tne sufficient for three daily meals, 
e news including freeze-dried chicken, 
eggs, blitter, soap and choc- 
s aiso olate. It gave them an esti- 
. mated 5,115 calories per day. 
OmS Finally, Scot t suffered appal- 

t yea f ling misfortune as the blizzards 
gq.m'c continued. Evans, regarded as 
the strong man of the party, 
had a fall and died of his 
injuries. Oates also sickened, 
il’ He developed gangrene and 
frostbite and, on March 17, he 
gf left the ten t during a blizzard, 
saying: “I am just going 
differ- outside, and may be some 
^ n time.” “It was the act of a brave 
than 11180 004 an English gentie- 
ios and man,” Scott wrote in his diary. 
Swan, Scott, Wilson and Bowers 

to struggled on. But their supplies 
■visions and endurance were all but 
e pole, spent. Just 11 miles from their 
elter at One Ton Camp, with its 
They waiting provisions, they cam- 
L for P«i. A blizzard raged for 10 
days. When it abated, the three 
le Bear- 0X0 were dead, 
i to the' Leading article, page 11 

Insist; Witt- - w- w . - - 

> r w ■ ' 

{■xr- “ 



Swan, Mear and Wood set off from their base camp dragging their specially-designed sledges 

2/1 1/1911; Scott’s expedition 

sets out for South Pole 



f i ROSSI 

% Scott. Wilson 
& Bowers cited 
on return Journey 
I 29/3/1 2-, 

Captain Oates 
died on return 

PO Evans Oed 

an return journey Tijii' i 



Robert Swan: a year with 
the Antarctic Survey 

■Iff i \i\pm 

'*| Southern Quest 
h I sinks, crew flown 
to McMurdo 

2/11/1985; Swan party | 
sets out for South Pole 

I'WtWk 'A 

S] VS^ 





Swan party reached 
South Pete, 1133pm 

150 miles 

Robert Mear (above) and 
Gareth Wood (below) * ; 

tttti: -i-LH 

.. * • **?■>* L ,.wi 

,. s tt -- ' - 

The ill-fated Scott expedition at the pole in January, 1911: (standing from left) Oates, 
Bowers and Scott with Wilson and Evans sitting 



1 3yd m 

ruyii " 



Belfast: Mod to Sat 9 JO to 5, dosed 
Sun (ends Jan 31). 

85th showing of the Vaughan 
bequest of drawings and waterco- 
lours by JMW Turner, National 
Gallery of Scotland. The Mound, 
Edinburgh; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 
2 to 5 (ends Jan 31). 

Thomas De Quincey - a 
bicentenary exhibition. National 
Library of Scotland, George IV 
Bridge, Edinburgh; Mon to Fri 9.30 
to 5; Sat 9 JO to I, dosed Sun (ends 
Jan 31, 1986). 

Harvey’s History of Wine 
Collection, City Museum and Art 
Gallery, Bethesda Street, Hanley, 
Stoke-on-Trent; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Feb 9, 1986). 

Fuel economy 

The Department of Energy has 
published a booklet. Compare your 
home heating casts, designed as a 
guide to an economic costing of fuel, 
and which gives information about 
the costs of different fuels and 
heating methods. Write to the 
Department of Energy, Room 1312, 
Thames House South, Min bank, 
London SW1P4QP. 


mumuu ismmmim 


T' li Ti IS 

ACROSS 4 Profitable sbi 

I JSttm ^ ta “ of 12 for *!&■?*! 

wilh V«d 

carrying a body of sailors (43). 7 po^bly Coi 

9 Scene of conflict far Quixotes oitv(J). 

old desires (5). g Constant oc 

IS Electoral system incorporated standard oft 

way to return to royal estate (9). 14 raring the 

II Paris's alternative name for Amelia got n 

Nevsky (9). ... 16 “But one - 

12 Of ancient Scandinavia, and not light” (Byron 

Kent (5). 17 A receiver 1 

13 Fancy a wee drink outside ^a<wpi>, gel 

Gravesend? (5). (9). 

15 Former University banter, IS Hard-hitting 
unusually high-spirited (9). Helen ofTro 

IS One crass ad nuns out to be 20 A horrible sdj 

bitterly ironic (9). 22 Cheesy part 

19 It’s common with many in the Turkish peo] 
old groove (5). 23 Creditor fr 

21 Crooked, like a big garden centre smaUholdixq 
(5). 24 Greeting a 

23 Cut game and eat economically pronounced 
.■ here (4-5). 

25 Btddnessofa sound novebst and in > ■' 

•: poet (9). 

25 Unfamiliar language is no good m c 

- in cal return (5). inei. 

37 Detail for consideration (7). n fCnj 

28 New ode is about church - a 

- - bishop's responsibility (D- PriZ6 

DOWN No ] 

1 Unimagmauve way to accom- 

1 modalc a blockhead (7). Will! 

2 A ram is, in a word, one of a - 

j literary trio (9k n . U6 XI l 

3 The woman Inigo Jones talked 

, of!( 5 X — 


4 Profitable shift (9). 

5 Means of transportation that’s 
right for a pipe (5). 

6 He tells stories gunners pore 
over? True, oddly enough (9). 

7 Possibly Corinthian, this frater- 
nity (5). 

8 Constant once in music, this 
standard of brightness? (7). 

14 During the interval, when 
Amelia got no end sloshed (?). 

16 “Bui one blaze of living 

light** (Byron) (9) . 

17 A receiver taking m Asian, for 
example, gets abundant money 

18 liard-hitiing description of 

20 A horrible sight, 2 sty (7X 

22 Chee^ part of milk, say, for a 
Turkish people (5). 

23 Creditor frequently sees m 
smallholding (5). 

24 Greeting a very old samt 
pronounced (5X 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30 y. Public Order 
Bill, second reading. Motion on seat 
belt regulations. 

The papers 

The Sunday Hums says that the 
resignation of Mr Headline is a 
body blow to the Government, but 
not a fatal one. The damage done 
need not be long-lasting but the 
episode does confirm that Mrs 
Thatcher is too dictatorial. “In 
times of great national effort Mrs 
Thatcher’s style of leadership is a 
national asset. In more normal 
times it can be counter-productive’'. 

Hie Observer says that the 
former Defence Secre tar y had a 
good case and will now never be 
forgiven by Mis Thaicher. His act of 
defiance may have been hurtful to 
her and unhelpful to the Govern- 
ment but it has “even more 
certainly, been good for the future 
democratic health of the Conserva- 
tive Party”. 

The Sunday Telegraph, in 
contrast, says that Mr Hescltmc has 
chosen to discredit the Prime 
Minister “over an issue of minor 
importance. — -In the pr ocess he 
ham discredited his cram -judgmeni as 

Nature notes 

Song thrushes fell silent during 
the cold spelL but now most of them 
axe bade in their territories, singing 
g g*in Starlings are singing on roof- 
tops a nd chimn eypots, often 
imitating birds as various as gulls 
and moorhens. They declare 
themselves to be the owner of their 
territory not only by their song, but 
also by flapping their wings 
vigorously, especially when another 
starling comes near. 

Many great crested grebes have 
moved to estuaries and reservoirs, 
but same are still left on the s maller 
waters where they bred. They lose 
their orange rufls in winter and look 
much more silky, silvery birds, 
though they keep their eur-mfts. 
They leap forward as they dive, 
their body and neck in a single, 
shining arc; at other times they just 
submerge quietly. 

Collared turtle doves six an the 
bright side of a hawthorn tree in the 
winter sunshine, lifting a wing and 
warming their white underfeathers. 
Teasd plants are unbowed by the 
weather, and goldfinches feed on the 
spiky, nutmeg-like heads, bending 
gracefully forward to draw out the 
seeds. There are still plenty of 
scarlet hips on the barbed stems of 
the dog-roses. New leaves of goose- 
grass and plantain are coming 



Halley farewell 

A last chance to see Halley’s 
Comet from Britain occur over the 
next two days. Providing the sky is 
clear, H shonld be visible to the 
naked eye, just from 6pm in the 
evening in the south-west part of the 
sky. From then on the moonHgbt 
and the low altitude of the object 
will end observations in the 
northern hemisphere, but the best 
views will be seen from the other 
side of the Equator, pa rticu la r ly 
from Australia. 


Midlands: M& Contraflow 

between junctions 4 and 5 
(Biomsgrove/Droitwich); only one 
lane northbound- Northbound entry 
at junction 5 doted. A34: Expected 
d elay * on northbound carriageway, 
ax Hanford in Staffordshire. A4L 
Temporary lights on Warwick to 
Birmingham road, 3 mil e s N of 
Warwick at Hatton, Warwickshire, 

Wales and the West: _ - M4c 
Eastbound carriageway hard shoul- 
der and outside lane on west bound 
carriageway dosed between junc- 
tions 22 and 24 (Chepstow and 
Newport). A38 Lane 2 dosed N and. 
southbound on Exeter to Plymouth 
road at Ivybridgc bypass, Devon. 
A465: Temporary tights at TaffFawr 
viaduct, Mcrtbyr, mid-Glamorgan. 

North: M18: Full closure of 
Doncaster to Sheffield link road.' S . 
Yorkshire, diversion. M61: Left-. 
hand lane closure on both N and S 
bound carriageways . at . Blacow 
Bridge (junction M61/M6). AfiM4 
Single-lane traffic in Agecroft Road, 
junction with LersaH Vale Road, 
Salford. Greater Ma n cheste r , delays , 
peak periods. • . 

Scotland: A82: Temporary lights 
in Lodi Lo mo ndside Road, from 
13th January. A87: Temporary 
tights near Kyle of lochwlsh, Ross 
and Cromarty. A740: Eastbound 
carriageway dosed between M8 
(junction 29) and A761 junction 
Renfrewshire; contraflow on west- 
bound, delays hkdy. 

Infaraaatien.sevpSedbyAA . 

Bond winners 

Winners m this week’s Pre mium 
Bond pri ze draw: £100,000, 17RN 
33SS43 (the winner lives in West 
Midlands)J£50 > 000, 2ITZ 664974 
(Lancashire). £25,000, 1DZ 351443 


galas in exposed plans; max lamp 6 8C 

(43to46F). . 

Channel Wanda, SW England: 

Rather ctoudy, rain h- afternoon and 
evening, coastal fog patches, wind SW 
fresh or strong, loony dale' in exposed 
places later; max temp 8 toTOC (48 to 

watea: Rakt at Anna, coastal fog 
patches, becoming -dearer fer . ton 
even in g with sh pw n r s, wtad SW strong 

to gab; max temp 7 to 9C 
Lake District, late of 

The pound 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 16,941 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Highest and lowest 

. . V . - Ai 1 I ■ S / . W i ■ ■ » ' i t 


' l i 1 ? / ii ipT 

rT in v. to jl / rrrf 

Letter from Tripoli 

James Leonard Ato tooied 

- Court Nomber Two in 
Tripoli, Libya, K_not a toge 
room* but its- white, wooden 
benches were packed, the tot 
rows with finufies of the 
seven othermea in ibe dodc 
The court prerident and ins. 
two assistants, the prosecuting 
counsel, and thc cierfc of the 
court all sat round a iong desk 
piled with thick files; each 
We a black robe adorned 
with two rather unrevolutio- 
nary golden tassels, 1 • 

If Colond GadaffiV philos- 
ophy has ready grippcdlibya, 
the Old Guard serial to have 
teat their hold on the 
judiciary. On the walfo of die 
court- there was not * singe 
portrait of the leader Of ; the 
First of Septcaober Revolution 
and progenitor of the Third 
Unrveisal Theory. 

All eyes, howeve r,- we re on 
the cage in the corner, a 
wooden- box from, which high 
iron stakes ran up to sharp 
points near the ceiling. 

Through "the fens you could 
see Mr Abra srtting soolftilly, 
dressed in a light jatfe r ami 
polo-neck sweater, with fluffy 
blood and alver hair, the sort' 
of middle-aged* bespectacled 
E nglishman yon would not 
even notice on a commuter 
train to EGtchin in Hertford- 
shire, which is where he has 
his home. . • 

Every fow. minutes, be 
would stare ■al .Ihg.-’Brithsh.. 
diplomat sitting on the pubhc, 
benches, a dry-nnmottred Scot 
cafiedDonacfaie. • ■ • 

Perhaps . Mr Abira. -was 
looking for some Sign that his 
seven tmhappy. .."months - cmj . 
remand ! were . oearing. their 
end.' There had^ already been 
two a^ournmenls -and- three 
court ^appearaaces. ... tt 
The court preskjent was a 
precise, : . ddoiy Vman; the 
proceOangs were.a ..trifle 
perfunctory, but ' he' 
dutifhlly throu^i the files, as 
each case came before him, 
Mr Alxasm through it all in 
sSence. expresrionless but for 
a few seconds when he cast his 
eyes to die ceiling in apparent 
ri repair that the hearing would 
never end. • . 

He is a technical engineer for 
Piessey Radar, who on June 
20 tot year was arrested by 
Libyan secority police mid 
charged with passing “classi- 

fied infonnttwzr.; -to h# 
company and -to *2 a 

He sais fitea:- as he sgj 
maintains - that he WUs hot 
guilty, that he merdy wrote a 
report for Piessey which was 
bidding for a ndarantiact, a 
report cofltaimag^mfonnatKm 
in any case fre^rgi'mihiia^ 
Libyan official. A. - smartly 
dres»d man fibm Ready gat 
beside Mr Douadttei<m foe 
public benches. 

A tall (Shaman was ordered 
to stand. The president looked - 
at him qtrizacalfr. -He. was 

accused of stmiggBng hashish 

into Libya What did be have 
to say for himself?-' 

The Ghanaian -leaned for-' 
ward, gripping tire bars of foe 
cage: “It was mcdioiie.^ - : - 

“How did he . take .; the ' 
medicine?” There was a pause: 
**I mix it with honey and mw 
egg&” The presideat kxflzd at 
him with profound sceptkasm. 
Care adjourned. . tt . - . . 

The three judges left foe 
court, and Mr Abra turned to : 
stare again at the spectators. 
He had . spent ms seven 
-months hr TripbtPi : < 7fcw 

Prison”, an c M : add hn- 
comfonablc . ' insiitiitioa. .10 
miles out on the- Benghazi 
reed, living in an (men 
dormitory*, eating . u asatitm o-. 
lory food and pcrusirK .War 
and Peace’") Gibbon’s Dedine 
and Faflof ihe Roman Empire 
— both fiirsished ' by Mr: 
Donashre - and aL maa dal of 
modern , radar, which . it to: 
tt “Whial was the pmtm tiker 
we asked him thxuu^i foe 
cage. Mr - Abra lauded, 
screwed up his feoe, and said: 

. M T T_n r riTJ** 1 

’ rtOmDIC - - 1J. r — , i ^:- '• 

. Mr Atara’s name was cdfod. 
He' was to .go to the-jttoe's 
chambers. He knew he might 
be acquitted. 

The cage was tmlodad, he 
dimbed over the . bench and 
'd isapp e are d intoaback room 
with Mr Donadue: A few 
minutes taler he -reappeared. 
Case ar^ourttedr: 

He sat ddwtehgazn m foe 
cass, son^wfi^ Sorrowfully, 
looking all to Sfytws. "V 

Mr A&^toE^tiBtRudithe 
bars sa^cuee- more, ,lhen 
gave us njKK. and friendly 
wink. prisoner in 

La^a, wiei^toting to-jed: » 

A deepening depression S of 
Iceland win more eastwards 
towards northern Scotland. 
London, S£ EngbmL East Anglxr 
Becoming mostly doudy. rain In 
evening; wind W fresh or among; max 
tamp 9 to 11 CM3 to 52F). 

Central S Engtmid. E, W Mdteiids: 
Rattier doudv, rate in afternoon and 
evening; wind SW fresh er strong ; max 
tenx)8tDl0C(fl6to50FL .. • 

E, NW, Centra! N, ME Engtend: Rain, 
at limes, becoming d ea re r in evening 
with showers; .wind SW strong write 

Lliliill* • V 1 1 1 1 




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