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The weaponry 1 
available to 
Britain’s police : ; 

Long-term affair 

How to love 
one partner 

Salad days? 
Times Cook - 
the fruits 
of winter 

and Heseltine 

Man in the middle 

Clive Nettling, ' 7 : 
international referee, 
on violence in 
rugby union .. 

The £2,000 Times Portfolio 
com petition .prize was shared 
yesterday by Mr Gordon 
Howard of Roystoa, Hertford- 
shire, and Mr Steven BaJbing- 
ton of Rugby, Warwickshire. 
Portfolio fist, page 20; how to 
play,. Information Service, bade 

TUC r eady 
to accept 
votes cash 

-"The TUC is likely' to tain- a 
further step towards disman- 
tling its policy of non-co-oper- j 
alion with the Government’s J 

■ employment laws by quietly 
abandoning its bng-standing 

■ boycott of state funds for postal 

' ballots Page 2 

Four executed 
for Yemen plot 

Four senior politicians includ- 
ing an ex-president were ex- 
ecuted after a coup attempt was 
foiled in South Yemen, the 
Moscow-leahing former British 
1 colony of Aden. Several other 
anests were reported: ' P^e7 

TV threat over 

A settlement was reached in the- 
moatS-old dispute involving 
the . electricians’ linian^-inhkdr 
threatened to Mapfc trat the~45 
1TV compamK. ^ :'.. 

US-Soviet lbk 

Pan Arrwuicah ^Wotiii AiiwayS 
and the Soviet national airline, 
Aeroflot, signed ah agreement 
to resume flights -between -the 
US and the Soviet Union oh 
April 27. - 

Rowland action 

Mr Tiny Rowland, Lonrho chief 
executive, is suing the AJ Fayed 
brothers in Washington DCior 
alleged deiamatoi? statements 
concerning their revolvement in 
the House of Fraser. - - • ; 

Cadbury buyout 

Cadbury Schweppes plans -to 
sell its British, -food and 
beverage business, which in- 
cludes Typhoo tea,£enco coffee 
and drivers and Hartley jams, 
td the division's management. for 
£82.5 million . Page 17 

Attack on GEC 

GEG, which is bidding for 
Plessey, was described - by 
Plessey’s chairman as a lack- 
lustre conglomerate with a pots’ 
record in high technology - 

Page 17 

Bonner surgery 

Mrs Yelena Bonnes, wife of 
Soviet dissident, -Dr Andrea 
Sakharov, underwent heart by- 
pass surgery yesterday af Mass*: 
chusetts General Hospital- Her 
condition was not known. 

Dr Who waits 

The ending of the next Dr. Who 
series has been left unwritten to' 
enable the. BBC to kill off the 
character if they are unhappy 
with the pr o gr am me - Page 3 

Botha pressed 

A personal letter from President 
Reagan to President Botha of 
Sooth Africa » understood to 
press for speedier reforms in 
South Africa Page 7 

#. Mr -Leon Britten and Mr Michael 
Heseltine came .into conflict : in the 
Commons when Mr Brittan "denied receiv- 
ing a letter from BritishAerospace. 

• Today's Westland shareholders’ meet- 
ing at the Connaught Rooms to decide on 
the Sikorsky, package will be atftHtnied 
until Friday at the hunger Albert Hall. 

• The eventual meeting’s outcome was 
thrown into question again with the sale of 
a vital 9 per cent to buyers believed to 
favour Sikorsky-Fiat. 

• Almost two-thirds of voters think Mr 
Heseltine was right to resign from the 
Cabinet over the Westland affair, according 
to a poQ published in The Tima Page 2 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

■ '■ The Prime Minister' and Mr 
Leon Brittan and Mr Michael 
Heseltine were last night, em- 
broiled in the most, dear-cut 
conflicts of feet over the 
Westland affair ' 

- After Mr Brittan, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
had been directly challenged by* 
Mr Heseltine in the -Commons 
the minister told the House that' 
he tod not received any letter 
from British Aerospace about 
last Wednesday’s meeting with 
Sir - Raymond Lygo, chief 
executive of the company. 

- But Downing Street sources 
said last night that a letter had 
been sent yesterday to the 
Prime Minister by Sir Austin 
Pearce, the c hairman of British 

It is nnderstood that the letter 
was delivered at midday and 
sources at the Department of 
Trade and - Industry said but 
night that Mr Brittan had been 
informed of its existence ‘'min- 
utes before” he hod gone to the 
Commons to make a' statement 
of the Westland affair. 

The letter, marked “private 
and . strictly . confidential”, is 
thought tb ask for' clarification 
of what Mr Brittan told Sir 
Raymond last . Wednesday 
night- Mx Hesdtine alleged last 
Thursday that pressure was put 
on the company to withdraw 
from the Anglo-European bid' 
for a'' stake in the Westland 
helicopter company. 

Mr Brittan denied any such 
pressure yesterday. But he also 
denied,, three* ‘limes, the exist- - 
ence'off the letter; Asked by Mr - 
Heseltine whether the Govern?- -. 
intent had received ‘a letter, -be 
replied? “T; have hot' received 
any such tatter”—- ■ 

-Asked" whether - anyrnjmiyteT 
Ifed- recenrittiia . tetter fromSrr '. 
Raymond or British Aerospace^ : 
Mr. Brittan. said: “I can. only , 
srcak frninwsclF’.. He then-told. :' 
wDraris^miier, LaboorMP 
for Boboven “l am dataware of ' 
any fetter from- S ir^Ray mond 

Whitehall sources said last, 
.night that- Mr Brittan had not 
.told any u n t r ut hs ; he bad not 
received a letter, and he was not 

aware, of a letter from Sir wished to keep alive the 
Raymond. He bad not wished European option, the altcma- 
to acknowledge the existence of tive to the United Tecta- 
a letter winch was strictly nologjes-Fiat bid which would 
confidential. give Sikorsky a' base in the 

It- was only learnt later that United Kingdom. 

Sir Austin had no objection to A source dose to Mr Hesltine 
Whitehall confirming the exjist- said last night: “That is life”, 
ence of the letter. Mr Heseltine has said that at 

; ' The astonishing conflict those two “iH tempered” meet- 
be tween Mr Heseltine and his ings and a subsequent meeting 
former colleagues was under- of the economic affairs corn- 
lined ' earlier by Mr Neil mittee of the Cabinet on 
Kinnock, the Labour leader, December 9 the Prime Minister 
who told the House: “Someone and Mr Brittan attempted to kill 
- off the European option by 

Heseltine and the polls 2 “removing!* a provisional rec- 
Parliament ommendatxon of European 

v ic national armaments’ directors 
Ajetters ~ , that they would meet future 

" ^ _ needs with helicopters designed 

has been telling the truth and end built in Europe — the basis 
someone hay not been fining ofa European bid. 
the-- truth”. He accused Mrs He said they foiled to secure 
Margaret Thatcher of “craven that decision, which would have 
evasion” for refusing to make a left the field open for Sikorsky 
statement and a further meeting on 

But Mrs Thatcher will face December 13 was cancelled. 

Mr Kinnock . at the start of a . Downing Street sources said 
Commons debate, on. Westland last night that, contrary to Mr 

tomorrow. Heseltme’s allegations, the re- 

Meanwhile, Downing Street cords of the two ad hoc 
sources took the unprecedented meetings, showed “that a 
step of quoting from the majority of those present were 
minutes of two ad hoc meetings probably pre p ar ed to repudiate 
of ministers held on December or reject the national arma- 
4 and 5 in an. attempt to meats directors recommen- 
undermine Mr Heseltine’s resig- elation”. 

n ^? n . ' In the event, it was said, the 

-Tbe argimient was put that p^e Minister kept the rec- 
thoPrune Minister had all along oromendation and the Euro- 
' - . 1 pean option alive. One source 

. . : . said last night: “We categori- 

I ILL L ^ cally reject the charge that the 

' Prime Minister was .doing the 

i dastardly thing”. 

: _yr-~P Mr Heseltine’s friends said 
’ ~ ft* - last night .that- ad hoc meetings 

' - H “fcyV ‘ ' ._ .werpn Downing Street device to 

Cr'tefaA " kill internal cabinet dissent.. 
- ^Ttey ww ta*own as“the club*^ 

T< ' Although. there had. betel a 
.. -'""V ‘ y>«"* JvY majority . for killing the Euro- 

rLUl V C f Option, Mr Nonnan 

ye*/ k»/ \ / Tebbit and Sir Geoffrey Howe 

y*J J . V/ I had both stood by Mr Hesel- 

9**- - f ■■■tsAt.—i T * tine; *Th e dub had missed its 

/“ A I target” and he had survived to 

{ /==% J win his case for a European 

V choice at the -subsequent raeet- 

ing of the economic affairs I 
^ committee on December 9. 

Vital 9% Westland stake sold 

'By Patience Wheafccroft 

•Today’s meeting of share- 
holders which win. determine 
the . future . of - Westland, the 
helicopter company, will be 
adjourned until ' Friday. The 
venue is being changed from the 
Connaught Rooms in -London 
to the Royal ATtert Hall 
because Sir John Cuckney, 
" chair man of Westland, believes 
that mcne than 2,000 share- 
holders may attend. 

- - Tbe outcorae of the tussle for 
Westland - was thrown into 
question again yesterday wherra 
9 per cent stake was sold to 
bujvrs believed’ to be in favour- 
of tbe Sikorsky-Hat deal, which 
is backed by Sir John. . 

- He said last night that he was 
^bfifenentiy encourage by proxy 
voting to be determined that the 
SScbraky proposal would be put 
to the vote on Friday. There 
had -betel - speculation that. 

because of die .controversy 
surrounding the issue, he might 
seek an adjournment of a few 
weeks before putting the deal to 
a vole. . 

The rihares which changed 
hands yesterday had earlier 
been expected to be against the 
Sikorsky .deal, and the rival 
European consortium had an- 
ticipated that the stake would 
take them above the 2S per cent 
vote necessary to defeat the 
board's proposals. 

The consortium’s adviser, Mr 
David Horne, of Lloyds Mer- 
chant Bank, is claiming that the 
new owners, of the shares are 
-acting in collaboration with the 
; Westland board and should be 
prohibited from voting. Last 
night the Stock Exchange was 
investigating his arguments. 

Mr Alan Bristow, the mill k m- 
-aire former helicopter operator 
who has boght 12 per cent of 

Peres to talk with Egypt 

Eight years after the .Camp 
David treaty, Israel is ready to 
complete the peace process with 

Egypt .(lan Murray, writes from 
Jerusalem). • 

Its' National Unity coalition 
government hac compiled a 14- 
point negotiating docu m ent 
meant to dear up outstanding, 
differences. If Mr: _ Shimon 
Poes, the Prime Minister, has 
his way, the whole’ package 
could be signed- by next 
October. - . 

'.After a difficult and some- 
times .an gr y Cabinet, in which 
Mr Peres warned that he was 

ready to dissolve the coalition, 
the Government agreed to 
accept arbitration over the 
' sovereignty of Taba, on the 

Under the proposals Egypt 
must offer compensation over 
the border killing s last October 
of seven Israelis, implement 
treaties - on commerce and 
tourism, and appoint an am- 
bassador to Israel 

In Cairo Israel’s decision to 
go to international arbitration 
over TABA has been greeted 

Tmkswifo Egypt, page 8 

Westland shares with the 
intention of defeating Sikorsky, 
said last night that he was stul 
confident of success. “There 
will be enought votes to block 
the Gkorsky deal”, he insisted. 

But if tbe proposal is put to 
tbe vote the results would be 
extremely dose. The European 
consotrium is assured of 21 Ka 
percent - 12 per cent from Mr 
Bristow, 5 per cent form United 
Scientific Holdings and 4 lb per 
cent committed by proxy, 
indadmg I per cent owned by 
GEG The pro-sikorsky camp 
adds up to 39 per cent, 
including proxies and the stake 
formerly held by Robert Flem- 
ing the finance house, but it 
needs 75 par cent 

Tbe crucial share stake which 
could hold the balance in the 
vote changed hands at a price of 
just over £1.25 a share against a 
price of 93p in the market 

Glasses clue 
in hunt for 
girl’s killer 

Detectives have found a parr 
of cheap sunglasses in the 
bedroom of the south London 
girl who is believed to have 
been murdered as she slept in 
her parents’ home last week and 
hope that they will lead them to 
the killer. 

The gid, Tessa Howden, was 
found by her father. His 
daughter, .aged 19, had been 
strangled and sexually assaulted 
Page 3 

Single legal body 
in radical reform 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Brittan leaving Downing Street for the House of 
Commons yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Talks fail 
as deadline 
on Channel 
link closes 

■ " By Philip Webster , . . 

Political Correspondent 

The British and French 
government yesterday failed 
again to reach agreement on 
which scheme should be chosen 
for a fixed Uak across the 

Britain is insisting that the 
project chosen should include 
the option of a rood as well as a 
rail connection. 

The Prime Minister and 
President Mitterrand are due 
to anno once the successful 
scheme in less than a week. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, the 
Secretary of State for Trans- 
port, had three hours of talks 
with his French counterpart, M 
Jean Aurora, yesterday and 
f ailed to reach a conclusion. 

He later disclosed in the 
Commons that a White Paper, 
whkh MPs had assumed would 
be published next Monday 
when the two leaders make 
their announcement at LQle m 
northern France, will not be 

The dear preference of the 
French for the Channel Tunnel 
Gimp's rail-only scheme is at 
odds with the Government’s 
wish for the road option to be 
part of the scheme. The refusal 
of the Channel- Tunnel Group 
and the other leading con- 
tender, Channel Expressway, 
which has proposed a joint road 
anil rail tunnel to work on a 
combined scheme has been an 
added difficulty. 

It was said last night that M 
Anronx- Was reporting back to 
President Mitterand, and the 
further *a would be likely 
with Mr Ridley 
British sonrees remained 
confident last night that Mon- 
day’s announcement would go 

ahead, »h«I that . the French t_apiam uiun aanay, me 
would agree to the road option. master of the ship, said an 
It is felt that the French Iranian frigate challenged the 
Assembly elections sched u led Barber Perteus and ordered it to 
for March l6, and the need for turn to the Iranian coast mid to 
the President to mnoonce a big heave to, but Captain Sandy, 
con s t ru ct i on project which will said he merely pulled out of the 
bring jobs to the depressed shipping lane and hove to. 
Norm-East of France, gives the Seven armed men came 

Government a tramp card, aboard from an inflatable. 
Parliament, page 4 Continued on back page, col 3 

Draft proposals for the most 
radical reform of the legal 
profession this century, in 
which restrictive practices 
between solicitors and barristers 
would cease and be replaced by 
one training and organization 
aimed at meeting consumer 
needs, are to go before the Law 
Society council this week. 

The confidential proposals, 
contained in a report drawn up 
by a subcommittee of the 
society, could, if generally 
endorsed, pave the way for a 
total restructuring of the pro- 

They envisage that the presen 
demarcation between hamsters 
and solicitors, in which barris- 
ters have exclusive rights of 
audience in the higher courts 
and only solicitors can deal with 
clients, should be abolished. 

Instead there would be a 
common system of education 
and training for lawyers, with a 
specialist body of advocates, 
smaller than use present Bar. 
which lawyers could opt for 
after two or three years in the 
office ofa general practitioner. 

Litigants should not have to 
pay for two lawyers as they do 
now in bringing court actions, 
the report says. This greatly 
con tributes to the high cost of 

Instead there should be rights 
of audience in all courts for all 
lawyers, restricted only by a 
requirement that he or she had 
attained the necessary level of 
experience; and judicial ap- 
pointments. now restricted at 
the senior levels to barristers, 
should bv open to all lawyers. 

Barristers, who at present 
cannot sue for fees or be sued 
for negligence for their advo- 
cacy’. should lose their freeom 
from liability of contract so that 
they could be free to sue and be 
sued, the report suggests. 

He proposals, which have 
gone to council members, are 
likely to have a big impact 
among solicitors and at the Bar. 
•They go far wider than pro- 

posals put by the solicitors* 
branch in recent months for 
wider rights of audience in the 
higher courts; and dearly are 
devised with a view to the 
future of the profession as a 
whole rather than sectional 

They come at a time when 
the 'profession as a whole is 
under pressure to change, 
particularly from younger 
members. The Government, 
too, is keen to end restrictive 
practices and has already ended 
the solidtors’ monopoly on 

In the present climate, the 
report says, the practices of the 
professions must be re-exam- 
ined. At the same time the size 
of both branches of the 
profession is rapidly increasing 
and has all but doubled sines 

The time is ripe, it argues, for 
a fundamental reform to create 
a profession geared to the needs 
of the consumer, which would 
train lawyers to that part of the 
law their abilities were best 
suited to and would promote 
maximum cost-effectiveness. 

The present system, with its 
“rigid division” between the 
two branches, stands in the way 
of such reform. It is not realistic 
for would-be lawyers to have to 
chose at an early stage if they 
want to be solicitors or barris- 
ters; nor for higher advocacy to 
be reserved to barristers. In the 
public interest, advocates 
should be drawn from the 
widest pool of talent available. 

As far as judges as concerned, 
the report says: “The public 
must be concerned that given 
that many of the best legal 
brains become solicitors rather 
than barristers, the pool of those 
available for senior judicial 
appointment excludes very 
many lawyers of the highest 
intellectual calibre and qualifi- 

Everyone should qualify as 
“lawyer” after common training 

Continued on back page, col S 

by SraniftRs. ■ 

By Denis Taylor 
and Richard Dow den 

The British Government was 
waiting last night for a report 
from the master of a British 
ship, the 30,000-tonne Barber 
Perseus, which was stopped and 
searched in international waters 
by the Iranian Navy, before 
deciding on a response. 

An American merchant ship, 
the President Taylor, was also 
stopped and inspected by 
Iranian sailors on Sunday. Both 
vessels were allowed to proceed 
after being searched. 

In Muscat yesterday Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, emphasized what he 
saw as the need for more 
information on the incident 
involving the British ship. His 
initial reaction was: “One is 
bound to be concerned about 
incidents of this kind. They 
offered another reason for 
seeking to de-escalate the 
conflict (the Gulf War between 
Iran and Iraq). The interest that 
we all have in the continued 
freedom of navigation - in 
international waters makes it a 
matter of concern to al of us.” 
Sir Geoffrey is.on a three-nation 
Middle East tour. 

The Barber Perseus was 
sailing from Muscat via Dubai 
and Bahrain to Kuwait en she 
was stopped early on Sunday, in 
international waters in the Gulf 
of Oman, 11 miles off Oman 
and 23 miles outside Iranian 

. Both Britain and the US have 
a naval ships in the region. The 
British have two frigates and a 
supply vessel on patrol None 
was in the immediate area when 
the Barber Perseus, a roll-on 
roll-off container vessel was 

Captain Colin Sandy, the 
master of the ship, said an 
Iranian frigate challenged the 
Barber Perseus and ordered it to 
turn to the Iranian coast and to 
heave to, but Captain Sandy, 
said he merely pulled out of the 
shipping lane and hove to. 

Seven armed men came 
aboard from an inflatable, 

Contimud-on back page, col 3 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Britain’s biggest parents’ parent teacher a&ociations, and 
organization, the National had previously been calling on 
Confederation of Parent the Government to provide 
Teacher Associations, which more money to settle the 
claims to represent four million dispute. 
parents, is calling on the Mr Jack Jones, the confcder- 
teachers to settle their 1 1-month alion’s general secretary who is 
pay dispute at today’s Acas a head teacher and member of 
folks- the National Union of Teach- 

The confederation an- ers, said: “For the sake of our 
nounced yesterday that the children we want the teachers, 
teachers should settle “on the unions to sit al Acas all day and 
best offer now available” and all night until this resolved.” 
stop their industrial action. A That meant the teachers 
motion, approved by the con- accepting 6.9 per cent, staged so 
federation’s national executive, that they received 7.5 per rent 
recommended the setting up of by the end of March, he said, 
an independent review body to „ , 

look at pay and conditions in Jones said th2t parents 

the long term. losins sympathy with the 

The decision amounts to a tochers and were moving their 
switch in policy for the cooled- c hildren to independent 
erauon, which represents 5,000 schools. 

Great Reductions on Hairods Cutlery 

Micro-womes Mtifdoch sticks by ncw p^pcf despite strike threat 

The microcomputer mar ket is 
still uncertain despite ' die 
arrival of new models 
Computer Horizons, pages 25-29 

Sunday racing 

Sunday racing is Ireland could 
become a permanent feature in 
1987 fotfowmg ’last years' 
successful trial Page 30 

Home News 2-4 
Presets .. 5,73 

Appts . 15,19 

Am - to 

Berinog 17-20 
Csart 16 

Crosswords 12^8 

Feums IM4 
teteisgtitidn - 
steLettar 15 

GUttery 14 

Pufitnoc 4' 

Science 16; 

Sow s report s 38' 
Sport 30-32 
TV& Radio 37 
Theatres, etc 37 
Unimattfcs 16 

Weather 38 
Wflli 16 

By Staff Reporters ; 

Mr Rupert Murdoch 
test night that he would go 
»h*a«l with die knnch nf The 
Port, a new London ercniira 

puper, • despite die. threat- it 
industrial action fry print 

Mr Murdoch, chairman of 
News Intentatioual told The 
Times test night that he was 
determined to go ahead with 
the Post although *we are not 
going to set any firm date until. 
this threatened dispute fa 

He said that New* Inter- 
oational would try to produce 
its four, national titles at- new 

sites at Waiwimi and GfasgOTT 
if nablicatfon Of The- TbnexTbe 

$MhdfS? Times, The New* ef The 

World . and The Seat, was 

stopped by industrial action at 
its existing plants. ■ 

“There , are some serious 
limitations on capacity at -the 
Wapping plant but we would 
try to get something out as soon 
as possible. The problem is 

Yesterday the National 
Graphical Association and 
Sogat 82 print muons began to 
ballot their members on pro- 
posals to take strike action 
after the breakdown of talks 
between them and the company 
over a no-strike dmd at 
Wapping, The result of both 
pioBs will be knownnext week. 

Mr Tony Dubbins, general 
secretary of the National . 
Graphical Association, said 
four tf the five print nahms 

•were imgnred to pat forward 

counter proposals that would be 
“better than any thing that ’s 

been offered to anyone in the 
newspaper industry so for**. 

Mr Nonnan Willis, general 
secretary of the Trades Union 
Congress, has written to the 
dectririaas’ union requMng 
them to send a national official 
to a meeting later this week at 
which there would be an 
attempt to draw np an alterna- 
tive package. 

Unions were keen last night 
to draw np a deal which would 
go some -way-' towards the 
legally binding; no-strike pro- 
posals required Ire the company 
at Wapping and Glasgow. They 
were adamant however, that 
they wore not prepared to go nil 
toe way. 

7 Members of the NGA and 

Sogat tearing mass meetings 
sauthat no voices had been 
raised in opposition to their 
leaders’ calls for a strike 

pqiwiafy . 

Mr Dubbins and Miss 
Brenda Dean, General Seo-< 
retary of Sogat, said they were 
confident there wonld be votes 
is favour of disruption bat they 
still wanted to negotiate. 

Miss Dean called on toe 
Electrical Electronic, Telecom- 
munication and- Plumbing 
Union, which has said that it 
has “no principled objection ” 
to the company’s demand, to 
join the other four print unions 
tea united front. 

The electrician’s anion s 
executive meet today to con- 
sider MrWnfis’s plans and his 
advice not to conclude a single- 

uniou agreement with Mr 

The company announced on 
Sunday that a fourth section of 
The Sunday Tima wonld be 
produced at Wapping. News 
International has also served 
notice that house agreements 
with all tmfotts at the four 
titles, except the National 
Union of Journalists, will be 
withdrawn in six months. 

The plan next weekend 
would be to include tbe new 
supplement in The Sunday 
Tima at wholesale newsagents. 
If that fa not possible it would 
hare to be dime by tbe retailers. 

Mr Dubbins said that 
overseers who were members of 
his union had been the subject 

Continued on back page, ool 7 

RaHaii Chippendal* 

Six designs in silver-plated nickel aber cutlery made maJo^vdy for os 
hj Mappin & Webb. Highest quality guaranteed far over 30 jwn*. 

In solid hardwood walnut-finite canteens in four sues. 

All made in Sheffield, UK. Sanods 

AH made m Sheffield, UK. Sanods 

Orig. Sale 

Price Price 

127-piece, inc. fisheries, for twelve £IJ113 £1,050 

Interest-free Credit £105 deposit and 9 monthly 
payment* of £105. Total credit price £1,050. 

87-piece, inc. fisbetuen, Ear eight £1J98 £725 

71 -piece for right £9SS £555 

44-piece for six £385 £350 

SDwr&Catleiy Ground Floor Carriage fieeowri wide «se*. 

AD rodoctkma are from Hatreds ptevion* pri ce *. 
fate rert -6 y e CirdftA ^<uienu vrifel0iiMBithjyp3ynientg. in < ludh^ ^posit. 

sraOnbfo on selected items ova- £250; see example giwn. Adc for written details. 

Sale Opening Boms IMI Sri 18lh Jan fean to 6pm. 

Mon 20tfa to Fri 31rt Jan 9*m to 5pm. Wafa 9am to 7pm. Sits 9?m to dpm- 

m ■KNamaBrauBtW' ■ r -,-e ma 

London 834 -SUS. 





By Donald MacInty re, Labour Editor 
The TUC general council is asserts that under the 

likely to scrap its long-standing 
boycott of state funds for postal 
ballots next mouth, without 
calling a formal conference of 
its 91 affiliated unions. 

The swiftly accelerating pro- 
cess of dismantling the 1982 
Wembley conference policy of 
nonco-operation with the 
Government’s employment 
laws is heralded in a confiden- 
tial document going before the 
TUCs employment committee 

.The draff of the paper, which 
will be put to a consultative 
meeting of the principal union 
officers on February 13, ac- 
knowledges that the general 
council could call a formal 
special congress or conference 
to reverse the policy. It could 
also wait until next September's 
annual congress before taking 
any decisive steps. 

But the document pointedly 


rule 2 (a) the general council has 
the power to act between 
congresses and has “complete 
discretion, subject only to the 
power of the annual congress, to 
revise their decisions". 

The’ document emphasizes 
that the general council “will be 
guided by their wish to end 
quickly any sense of uncertainty 
and disunity surrounding this 
issue, the need to develop 
realistic approach to the prob- 
lems being caused by the 
Government’s laws and 
concentrate on the task 
preparing policies for discussion 
The lone of the document 
helps to remove any lingering 
doubt that efforts to secure the 
expulsion of the Amalgamated 
Union of Engineering Workers 
and the Electrical, Electronic, 
Telecommunications and 
Plumbing Union are now at an 

Moderate support 
for electricians 9 talks 

By Our Labour Editor 

A leading moderate on the 
TUC General Council last night 
rose to the defence of the 
electricians* union over its 
continuing contacts with the 
breakaway Union of Demo- 
cratic Miners. 

Mr John Lyons, general 
secretary of the Engineers and 
Managers’ Association, most of 
whose 41,000 members work in 
the electricity supply industry, 
said it would be “idiotic’* to 
discipline electricians’ union at 
the. behest of the National 
Union ofMineworkers. 

Mr Lyons's intervention 
came as Mr Arthur Scargill, ihe 
NUM president, and other 
miners’ leaders met senior TUC 

• More than 200 miners at 
two Scottish pits went on strike 
yesterday after the National 
Coal Board refused to re-engage 
four men declared by an 
industrial tribunal to have been 
wrongly dismissed during the 
coal strike. 

The “spontaneous” strikes 
were at Bilston Glen colliery, 
near Edinburgh, where the four 
worked, and Monkton Hall pit 

The four men are Mr Jack 
Aitchison, the National Union 
of Mine workers secretary, and 
Mr James Lennie, a branch 
committee member at Bilston 
Glen, and two other miners. Mr 
Tom Mylchreest and Mr Sam 

leaders in London last night to Cowie. The NUM in Scotland 
press their case for disiplinary said that the men should have 

action against the electricians' 
union under the TUCs rule 13. 

Mr Lyons blamed the NUM 
for the split in the miners’ ranks 
and added: “There is no rule or 
precedent which establishes that 
unions affiliated to the TUC 
cannot talk to those who are not 
affiliated. It goes on every day.” 

Mr Lyons said that TUC 
policy was to reunite the miners 
in one union and that meant 
that “the TUC and NUM will 
have to talk to the UDM at 

been back at work yesterday but 
the board had refused to allow 
them into the pit because they 
were considering an appeal 
against the tribunal's findings. 

The ruling was delivered on 
December 27 

Mr Aitchson was alleged to 
have crossed a white line that 
marked the boundary of board 
property during picketing out 
side Bilston Glen. The others 
were dismissed during the 

some stage if that objection is to ,dis P ule for various alleged 
be achieved”. *•' infringements of board rules. 

British Steel 
is losing 

Orders are already being lost 
to the British Steel Corporation 
and steel imports are increasing 
because of the threat to the 
Gartcosh steelworks in Lanark- 
shire, the Scottish TUC said 
yesterday (Ronald Faux writes). 

Mr Douglas Harrison, assist- 
ant secretary, said in Glasgow 
that documents leaked to the 
organization showed that the 
corporation . had lost a big 
market share of cold reduced 
strip steel which Gartcosh 
served and that imports of the 
material had risen by half in 
two months. 

“BSC have been telling 
government ministers and the 
public that they will lose orders. 
That is not true and they cannot 
dismiss these big differences as 
a mere fluctuation," Mr Harri- 
son Said- . . r-T~T T * , 

The Scottish TUC has rec- 
ommended that Gartcosh 
should have the same guarantee 
of a three-year future as the 
Ravenscraig steel complex. The 
latest evidence to support the 
campaign to keep the plant 
open was released as a group of 
Gartcosh workers arrived in 
London to lobby MPs and the 
Prime Minister. 

The Scottish TUC said that, 
although Austin Rover had said 
it was satisfied with the steel 
corporation's arrangements, it 
had placed a big contract for 
steel in Belgium. Whether the 
corporation continued to supply 
Austin Rover wiih S5 per cent, 
of its steel was open to some 
doubt. Mr Harrison said. 

The same was true of Ford 
and the unions were convinced 
that the corporation would lose 
most of the Gartcosh order 

Ford vote 
on action 
over pay 

By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 

Ford’s 37,000 hourly-paid 
workers will complete balloting 
today on a call by their unions 
to support industrial action if 
the company refuses to increase 
a two-year pay offer which is 
linked to a wide-ranging 
efficiency programme. 

The secret ballot, the first to 
be held by Ford anions on pay, 
was called .after the unions’ 
rejection of the offer which 
would give 3 per cent this year 
with an extra 2 pm* cent for line 
workers and 6 per cent next 

The muons' rejection centres 
on a further 4 per cent offered 
by the company which is for a 
revision of working practices 
involving the removal of demar- 
cation Ones and more flexi- 
bility. In response, the unions 
are seeking a straight “going 
rate” offer of aboat 7.5 per cent 
with the productivity items 
being discussed separately. 

Leaders of the Electrical, 
Electronic, Telecommunication 
and Plumbing Union decided to 
hold a postal ballot of its 
members at Ford while the 
other unions are conducting 
ballots at factories and 

Mr Mick Murphy, national 
officer of the Transport and 
General Workers' Union, 
which has the largest member- 
ship at Ford, said last night: “I 
know our members want to 
reject the offer, but whether 
they are prepared to take 
industrial action is another 
matter. I don't want to specu- 
late on the outcome of the 

Civil Service union split 
strengthens Militant 

By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 

A split in the ruling moderate 
group in the largest Civil 
Service union threatens to clear 
the way for Militant Tendency 
supporters to regain influence in 
the union after suffering heavy 
defeats last year. 

The break in the moderate 
group in the Civil and Public 
Services Association headed by 
Mrs Kate Losinska, a veteran 
opponent of the left, has led to 
the formation of a breakaway 
democratic moderate group. 

Divisions have opened as Mr 
Alistair Graham, the Associ- 
ation's general secretary, laun- 
ched a campaign to reduce 
Militant’s strength in the 
branches where it is estimated 
that the Tendency either con- 

trols or is heavily influential in 
at least one third of the 900 

The split came after clashes 
over who will succeed Mr 
Losinska as president and 
because of di agreements centred 
on the “slate” that the moderate 
group will present to the union’s 
135,000 members at the annual 
elections fbr the executive in the J 

There has already been a split 
in the left grouping in the 
Association which led to the 
formation of a new group last 
year tailed BL '84 which 
represents communists, the 
Labour left and other sympa- 


Eleven of the 120,000 self-employed who'haVe set up their own business under the Enterprise Allowance Scheme m London 
yesterday, with Mr Bryan Nicholson, chairman of the Manpower Services Commission for the launch of a £1.4 million 
advertising campaign aimed at attracting more unemployed to seek a helping hand. Their businesses range from knitwear 

manufacture to confectiouery. . . 

Most voters think Heseltine was right 

By Robin Young 

Almost two thirds of voters 
think that Mr Michael Heseltine 
was right to resign from the 
Cabinet over the Westland 
affair, according to a poll 
carried out for National Opi- 
nion Polls and published 
exclusively in The Times. 

Support for Mr Heseltine was 
almost as great among Con- 
servatives (62 per cent ) as 
among Labour and Alliance 
voters, although a higher pro- 
portion of Conservative voters 
thought that he was wrong (21 
per cent, compared with only 10 
per cent of those intending to 
vote Labour and 15 per cent 
supporting the Albany). 

Half the respondents felt that 
Mr Hese time's move would 
decrease his chances of becom- 
ing leader of the Conservative 
Parly, or make no difference, 
but 39 per cent thought his 
resignation would increase the 
likelihood that he would be- 
come party leader eventually. 

Alliance supporters took the 
rosiest view of his prospects, 
with twice as many believing he 
had improved his chances as 
thought he had damaged them. 
Among Conservatives four 
thought he had improved his 
chances for every three who 
thought he had hurt them, and a 
quarter felt that the resignation 
would make no difference. 

NOP conducted the poll by 

interviewing 978 adults by 
telephone between January 10 
and 12. 

A survey of more than 250 
Conservative MPs carried out 
for TTY'S World in Action 
showed that most (62 per cent) 
shared the view that . Mr 
Heseltine was right to resign. 

An almost identical pro- 
portion (61 per cent) approved 
of the way Mrs 
Thatcher had handled the 
and 77 per cent said she was 
right to require the former 
Secretary of State for Defence to 
clear public statements on 
Westland with the .Cabinet 

A pollof 200 Tory MPs for 
the BBCs Panorama showed 62 

per cent preferring the Euro- 
pean bid for Westland, but 67 er 
cent were of the opinion dial 
Mr Hcseltine's stand had 
reduced his chance of becoming 
party leader. 

A poll conducted by Harris 
Research for TTN’s Channel 
Four News, in which a represen 
tative quota sample of 1,048 
voters were interviewed face-to- 
face on January 11, showed 
larger number (quarter of the 
total) thinking Mr Heseltine 
wrong. It suggested less support 
among Conservatives (only 53 
per cent), but stiff found that 
there was approval for his 
resignation from 63 per cent of 
voters overall. 

Angry men of Westland to have their say 

From Tim Jones Mr David Gill, a trade union 

Yeovfl official, said: “There is a strong 

Far removed from the city feeling among the workforce 
deals, the political power play that in spite of his sincere 
and discussions of grand de- beliefs, which we do not doubt, 
fence strategy, the men of he sees our plight as a means of 

March and their chances of mortgages, hopes and prosperity 
finding alternative employment depend on it. 

Westland are expected to travel 
up to London from the West 
Country on Friday to urge the 
shreholders to vote for the 
Sikorsky-Fiat rescue deal and 
demonstrate their bitter oppo- 
sition to Mr Heseltine and his 
support for the European bid. 

For all his rhetoric and 
conviction, Mr Heseltine would 
not be welcome if he visited the' 
ugly sprawling 340-acre site oh 
the outskirts of the town where 
yesterday one helicopter braved 
the gale force winds to test its 

furthering his own career. 

There is in the town a feeding 
of frustration and scarcely 
suppressed anger that the future 
of se many jobs can be decided 
by pfliitinii ami finan cial 
decisions beyond their control. 
Westland, with 7,000 workers, 
is by far the largest employer in 
the whole region and any large- 
scale redundancies would have 
a crippling effect on the local 

’ Already the company has 
announced that 740 workers 
will be made .redundant by 

is slim. 

One .worker, Mr John Ar- 
mour, said: “All we can do now 
is hope and pray the share- 
holders vote for Sikorsky. As far 
as we are concerned, our 

At the meeting, the shopfloor 
workers will be represented by 
Mr Malcolm Gillam, who win 
take his seat by virtue of the 100 
nominal shares held by the joint 
shop stewards committee. 

Mr Michael Headline's television and radio appearances since 

his resignation are: 

Thursday, January 9r Press 
conference at the Ministry of 
Defence, Thames Television’s 
TV Eye, BBC television news 
and News at Ten, Channel Four 

Friday, January 10: BBC 
Today. IRN news, press confer- 
ence on Westland, BBC News- 

Sunday, Jannary .12t London 
Weekend Television’s Weekend 
World. Channel Four News. 
BBC radio’s World This Week- 

Monday. - January .13: ..BBC 
Television's Panorama. Try’s 
World in Action. Channel Four 
News. BBC news and News at 

Lambeth ‘gained £350,000’ 

By Hugh Clayton 

Councillors iu Lambeth, south 311 cases of 49 Labour council- 
London who have been sur- ' ors from- Liverpool will also 
charged claim that their rates start today, 
rebellion last year made twice as 
much money as they have been 
accused of losing. The 32 
councillors will today begin 

their defence in the High Court 
in London against the auditor’s 
verdicts that they should be 
surcharged and banned from 

Mr Brian Skinner, district 
audiior for London, will claim 
that “wilful misconduct" by the 
councillors cost ratepayers 
£127,000 in lost interest, the 
rebels will reply that govern- 
ment policies enabled them to 
gain an interest windfall of 

District auditors who are 
ready to move against right 
other Labour councils, mainly 
in London, see today's action as 
lest case, 

Mr Skinner has also indicated 
to Lambeth that surcharge 
notices issued there are only the 
first in a series of bills that 
could exceed £750,000. The 
only rounds accused directly so 
for are Lambeth and LivexpoL 

A further complication is that 
although the two councils face 
similar accusations, they are 
offering dififerent defences. 

The peculiarities of local 
government law meant that 
when Lambeth started its 
rebellion in April last year, foe 

amounted to- what auditors 
'describe asa wrongfiri act or an 
act done with reckless indiffer- 
ence to whether it whs. wrongful. 

The councillors resent having 
to go to court to defend 
themselves agaisnt auditor’s 
verdicts that they should pay 
and be banned from council 
office for ffve years. Mr Tea 
Knight, leader of Lambeth 
council, said: “If the surcharge 

Government had to pay it more - is imposed I think the council- 
grant than would have been due lore, perhaps all of them, will go 

’Ll, ** 

if the council had surrendered 
immediatiey. - Although - the 
money was clawed back later, it 
stayed in the Lambeth coffers 
for- long enough* to secure- the 
council £350,000 in interest. 
That is almost exactly double 
the sum that the rebels are 
accusd of losing through" wilful 

The Liverpool defence will be 
that they were told in 1984 that 
they had to fix a rate beofore ii 
became too late in the year fin 
ratepayers to pay in 10 monthly 
instalments. The deadline last 
year was June 20 and they fixed 
a rate on June 14. 

All the accused rebles will 
deny that their behaviour 


The' councillors also resent 
ihe .feck of support they have 
received from Labour’s leaders. 
Of £75,000 raised by Lambeth 
councillors for their case, only 
£850 has come -from Labour 
partiamenlarians. ‘ 

The Labour committee of 
inquiry into the affairs of the 
-Liverpool . district party . will 
return to .the. city tomorrow 
when the rebel councillors’ case 
is being heard, in court in 
London. Miss Felicity. Dowling, 
secretary of the Liverpool party 
and one of the surcharged 
councillors, said: “Neil Kinnock 
should be there defending us.” 

Treasures of 
Orient go 
to US 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

One of the most important 
collections of Oriental minia- 
ture. paintings and 31 unlimited 

manuscripts formed this cen- 
tury has been bought by the 
Smithsonian Institution in . 
Washington for S7 million. It 
was formed by Henri Veter 
(1854-1943), a leading Paris!* 
jeweller and has not been seen 
in public since the 1930s. 

The collection, which -had. 

previously been widely exhi- 
bited, disappeared from view 
after the Second World War. 
Scholars ould find no trace of it 
and It was an open question as 
to whether it had been de- 
stroyed or dispensed daring the 

Michael Goedhnis, a London' 
dealer, discovered by chance in 
1976 the identity - of Henri 
Vever’s heir. He got in touch 
with him and was told that the 
collection was still intact, bat 
not for sale.’ Goedhnis re- 
mained patiently in touch with 
the collection's' new .owner hot 
was not until 1983 that he 
was shown the collection, which 
had hecn lying in a New York 

Detail of battle scene from Shahnama, Persian, dated 1494- 

bank vault, and was asked to 
sell it 

The collection was initially 
valued at $11 million. The 
Smithsonian, to whom it was 
first offered, could not find the 
funds. A -sale was also dis- 
cussed with the Getty Museum, 
the Metropolitan and the 
KimbelL ' -Vever's herf deter- 
mined that the collection 
should not be broken up, finally 
agreed to lower the price to the 

Eve a so. it has taken since 

Jannary 1984 to find the funds. 
It was only the assistance iff Dr . 
Arthur M Sadder, a multi- 
millionaire philanthropist, that 
clinched the deaL Dr Sadder is 
' a research psychiatrist and a 
great art-patron and collector. - 
In addition to riving 
Harvard a museum of Oneabu 
art, he is building a- new wing 
.for the Smithsonian to house 
.his own collections and the-. 
newly-acquired collection ol 
Henri Vever. It is scheduled to 
open In 1988. 


Legal aid 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 
The Govememrit has- laun- 
ched an inquiry of senior Civil 
Servants from the Lord Chan- 
cellor's Department, Treasury 
and Cabinet Office Efficiency 
Unit into the legal aid scheme 
which this year is expected to 
cost £320 million in England 
and Wales, a 300 per cent rise in 
six years. . • 

Announcing the four-month 
inquiry yesterday. Sir Patrick 
Meyhew. QC, Solicitor General, 
said in- a parliamentary written 
answer that the Government “is 
concerned that legal aid should 
be provided in the most 
effective way". 

Woman robbed 
her own bank 

Mrs Annette White, aged 31, 
yesterday began a four-year jail 
sentence for robbing her own 
bank. Mrs Whitri of Broadstone 
Road, Harpendeu, Hertford- 
shire, was told "by Judge Peter 
Goldstone that it was the worst 
case of breach of trust that he 
had ever seen. 

Mrs White helped a robbery 
g an g to set up the £64,000 raid 
on her oton bank and even 
received £1,750 compensation 
for her “terrifying" ordeal She 
was found guilty of the robbery 
last May after a week-long trial 
at St Albans Crown Court. 

Killer jailed 
for life 

Jubril Adqjumo, aged 25, a 
penniless Nigerian who set out 
to kill through jealousy was 
jailed for life at; the" Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

Adejumo, whose father was a 
deteenve inspector in the 
Nigerian Special branch, stalked, 
the West End of London armed 
with a bread knife looking for a 
wealthy victim. Fate took him 
into the path of Mr John 
Sterling, an American banking 
executive, from Colorado. He 
stabbed him in the - stomach 
after stopping him and asking 
for a cigarette light 

Children treated 
for meningitis 

Tw'dtfldrtn' at a' special 
school near Stroud, Gloucester- 
shire; were being treated yester- 
day after . bang found to be 
carrying a meningitis infection. 

Meningitis has " affected, al- 
most . 80 people in the Stroud 
area during the past four years 

Police are 
over riots 

By Robin Voung 

Mr Bernie Grant, leader of 
Haringey Council, north Lon- 
don, yesterday accused the 
police of undermining attempts 
to improve their relations with 
the community in Tottenham 
by leaking a report that areas of 
the Broad water Farm estate had 
been flooded with petrol as a 
booby-trap against, the pohee 
during last October's riots. 

Mr Grant claimed, that 
allegations in the police report, 
sent by Deputy - Assistant 
Commissioner Mi c hael 

Richards to the Haringey 
poUce-comm unity consultative 
group, “directly, conflict -with 
the statements made by eye 
witnesses.” He said that he had 
been working hard to set up a 
meeting between the police, 
tenants and youths on Broad- 
water Farm estate but twice 
statements from, the police had 
■proved to Ire false. 

Mr Grant said that his 
council had a large amount of j 
evidence which it wanted to put 
before a full independent public 
inquiry, and challenged the 
Home Secretary “to instruct the 
police to submit their evidence 
to this independent inquiry as 
we wiff." 

The Home Secretary refused 
a public inquiry into the riot 
when Haringey council first 
demanded it The council has 
since voted ti make finance 
available to aii independent 

A spokesman for the council 
said yesterday that ft hoped to 
announce a chairman for the 
inquiry within afbmrighL 

Mr Km Tyler, aged 25, a 
builder, of Mount Pleasant 
Road, Tottenham, north Lon- 
don, was committed on tail by 
Tottenham magistrates yester- 
day for trial at the Central 
Criminal Court, charged with 
making an affray. 'during . the 
Broadwater Farm estate riots on 
October 6. • ” ' 


_ FromRiehai . , ; 


An untown man w^ ... % - 

changed his. name jq .- > 

Banv is to stand 

candidate -. on . four s' -. ■ 



to vote on 


Unionist ieaders ijave b.— '- 
forced jo put up the tandS 
with the name' of -tbTfrftf 
Republic's Minister for-FoS 
Aflhirs, and running on » ^2“ ^ 
Anglo-Irish a^tameiit JicE? 
when other parties - 

nominate .candidates in th* 
constituencies, leaving outmin* 
Unionist MPS " 

bring - 

out a vote. . . <-. t “ 

That wouldhave defeated the 

object of the Official Unionists " 
and Democratic -Unionists - 
when their 15 MPs resigned ‘ 
from Westminster, to force by- - 
elections which they, see as a -I 
referendum on the Anglo-Irish "' 
agreement They aim to attract 
a total vote of 500,000 or more 
against the deal Wb&h'gBYt the 
Irish Republic: 
suitatfve rote. in ^jaffeirs of 
the North. . J . T 7 :. 

The “Peter Ba^rif candidate " 
has changed bis name by deed 
poll and has freennominated by 
unionists in East Londonderry 
Stxangfoiti, South Antrim and 
North ' Antrim where -his op- 
ponent wffl be rtbe Rev Ian 
isley. Unio nist* intend io 
keep his idehtitjrjedtit arguing 
that the person involved did noi 
warn. to suffer ihe-jgabnupy of 
berogjaiown puhlidy as It man . 
named % after ifie... southern 
minister who has become a 
hate** figure for unionists. 

The individual will not 
campaign ur the by-elections - 
Forty-one peope have been . 
put forward as candidates for 
the by-elections in : 15 ol • 
Northern Ireland's 17 constitu- 
encies to be hekl an -January 23. 

2,000 job cuts likely to be 
demanded at Express 

.By Patience Wheatcroft • • 

Details are expected within His plans, for the papers, 
the ext few days of drastic job however, do involve big edi- 
cHts at the Express group of tonal changes to "the Daily 
newspapers. ■ - Express, including the appoifli- 

Since last October wben nrent of a new editor, , so as to 
United Newspapers succeeded try to riverse- the decline in its 
in the acrimonious £317 million ■ circulation. > 
takeover battle fbr the com- The new. \. proprietor' has 
pany, efficiency experts have ■ surprised FteetStreeLby profes- 
sing himselfa -great admirer ol 

’been securing tbe newspapers to 
see. where cuts can .be made. 
The result is likely to" be a call 
for about. 2,000 redundancies 
out of a total workforce of about 

The. United chairman,. Mr 
David Stevens, had talked at 
first of a 20 per cent cut in jobs, 
but his plans for ihe Daily and 
Sunday .Express and the Daily- 
Star are now believed to be 
more ambitious. " 

Mr Stevens is a business 
associate of Mr Robert Maxwell 
- together they were instrumen- 
tal this month in defeating 
Guinness Peat’s takeover bid 
for the Qty .finance bouse 
Britannia Arrow* - and he has 
watched with admiration as the 
proprietor, of. Mirror Group 
Newspapers has 1 succeeded in 
securing huge reductions . si 

The Express group has no 
p l ans to follow the exodus from 
Fleet Street to Docklands, fbr its 
-production machinery is rela- 
tively modem and Mr Stevens 
believes that he ran achieve the 
economies be wants without 
having to .incur the -capital 
expense of moying 

the Sunday Exppess. which, 
-although stiff- very "profitable. 
has also been suffering, , a Steady *• 
fell in sales. 

Mr Stevens’s other big 
problem concents the printing v 
contract fbr London’s only * 
evening paper. The London 
Standard. That is estimated to 
bring lire Express group an extra '- : 
£10 million ; of turnover and T 
between £2 million and £3 "" 
million of profits^ . .. 

But now ' she? group’ is in , 
danger of losing the printing 
contract Last month. Associ- 
ated Newspapers, publishers of 
the Daily Mad, the 

remaining half share in -The 
London Standard from. Trafal- . 
gar House in a deal estimated to - J 
value the 'paper at- about £25 

It is generally thought that 
when Assodated tefoVes ;to its .. 
new printing -phut south of the, ;< 
Thames it wffl have sufficient -i 
capacity to print The- London ,r 
Standard efficiently, Thai may 
not be until -1988. Meanwhile, 
the contract may remain with /. 
the Express group.. 

Roskill reforms on fraud 

to be endorsed . 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent . 

The Government is expected has not always been able to act 
in a statement in the Commons oa have been Ibis’, .subject of 
today to endorse most of the* disciplinary committees, drawn 
radical reforms put forward by a from a panel of between 30 -and 
committee under Lord Rogrill, 40 experts with a good- working 
the former law lord, to deal with knowledge of Lloyd’s, 
complex fraud. . ... , .. j ’ 

It wants to move quickly to - ■ e “^Ptinary committees 

incorporate most of the pro- ? r 5' Puttied 'over by an 
posals in a criminal justice Bill mde t jcnc fent ■ senior - . lawyer, 
this autumn and is i&ejy ^ ^ " usualy a Queen's Counset , 

first inetanw tn imwl .w . .... .1 . . "i - , 

There is an appeal tribunal of 


first instance to implement the 
wide-ranging reforms put for-, 
ward by the Committee in its 
report last Friday to the nffes of 

But a decision on 
controversial fraud trials 
taual, proposed for serious, 
fraud in place of trial "by jury, 
may be deferred pending public 

.The proposal has prov oke 
critical comment from lawyers’ 
groups and civil libertarians, 

UoyS- s ^3o£ e SUPP0It of 

which the president is " Lord 
Wilberforce, the former law 
lord, and of which the deputy 
president is Mr Davfd'Odtatt, , 
former r- haiim an: of. the 

So far 18 cases," mVofriag ) 
numerous charges, have ’been *■ 
.referred to the disciplinary 
committee of. which 11 tew- 1 
been completed. Those; have 
resulted, in nine: expulsions or " 
total exclusion from the Lloyd's 

IM, 1 - «■!* : ccuarc; 10 

corporation had long been of reprimands and. two 

the opinion that fundamental 
reforms of the fraud trial 
process were long overdue. 

LfoytfS OWn . discip linar y 

proceedings, involving foe use 

The Roskiff report ^ ^ has-been h 
widely acclaimed ftrf its pro - 
posals to' reform foc'.proefdut® .... 
and rules' of evidence, but for** > 

of a senior lawyer sitting with, bavfc" been . criticisms . of . the 
ttvo experts, which has. .been- proposals to' abolish trial; by ,* 
described as a “Roskill Tri famat jury, the defenece right of :; 
in microcosm”, have had great ^ /challenge and fori compulstsy 
success and -demonstated fo c . - disclosure by the ckrfatqe of W 

systems efficacy, he taifo ’ 

UnytTs new procedmea, in- ‘ 
the Lloyd’s Act- 
Of 1982, (ame into force in i 983 
Jf several measures to 
lackel the . scandals that hid ‘ 

their origins before the 1982' 

AcL ... 

Complex frauds ‘ that the 
Director of Public Prosecutions 

j; . ■ ' 


Sunglasses! clue In hunt I ‘Minder’ video 

; for ‘cool’ murderer 
vho killed sirl in her bed 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

9 father speaking at the press again. “He spent some time 

? or c neap su ng l a s s e s round conference, said that he still W finding this girl and plotted to 
mine bedroom of a girt aged 19 the picture in his mind of his' get her.” 

e X ed hav *,^ ee “ daughter lying strangled. He It is believed that the man’s 
mmdered as she dept; will lead could not forget how he held her fixation might have been 
SSL calculating in his artns and screamed and prompted by a photograph of 

Motivated ^ a fixation how he now lay awake at night the girl in the Croydon news- 
ier ms victim. with that “nightmare" in his papeefor which she worked. 

The gl a ss es were described Mr Richards added that he 

The gl a ss es were described Mr Richards added that he 

yesterday by Det Supt Paul ' He added: “She had a boy had no doubt that the motive 
Richards wno is leading the friend. We almost got to the for breaking into the house was 
hunt for the murderer of Tessa point where we were going to sexual* hot theft. “We are 
Howden. She was found dead in hand her over. We accepted that looking for' an experienced 
bed by her father last Friday we were going to lose her, but burglar with a ‘ strong sexual 
when he went to wake her for not this way." urge. 

work. She had been strangled Mr Howden said it ‘was He that the a tt acker, 

and sexually assaulted. 'devastating' that die ^crime described as agile and slim, got 

At a police press conference happened in his own home, “Jo the house-through a narrow 
yesterday/ white he and his wife were tatohen fen^ht somenme after 

that the kiQcs entered the home sleeping a few yards away in iam on rnaay * - . 
in Selsdon Croydon, sooth their bedroom. He may have thought he. had 

London, stole a bottle of think He discovered his daughter’s raise< * alarm. He took a 

and left the house. Later, he body when he took her anearly bo . ttIe a coconut cocktail 
entered the home again and cup of tea. “1 have w alked up found a key to the 

attacked the girt those stairs and gone into that . “tchen door and left the house, 

Mr David Howden, the girl's a million times. ** tack * arden into 

“It's me who tires to be the 

.crossing the back garden into 

The police believe that when 

Mr Howden, the murdered 
gjrl's father, at Croydon 
police station yesterday 

calm one, but I just went the house remained silent he 
irrational that tune. I grabbed went back into the house, 
hold of her and I screamed. ■ . . 

. , , , • He is then thought to have 

“I wouldn't want to share left the kitchen door open for a 
that picture with you. That is ready escape and to have gone 
mine, and it well go eventually, upstairs where he attacked the 
It will fade.” sleeping girl, who may have 

He urged anyone who sus- been killed as she slept, 
pected that a loved one might Instead of going bade down- 
be responsible for the kilting to stairs, however, he opened the 
call die police immediately, bedroom window and jumped 
“There are not many people eight feet to the ground. He ran 
who would do this sort of thing back across the gardens and 
-this one has got to be caught." vanished, taking with him the 

key to the kitchen door. 

Mr Richards, describing the Mr Richards asked for help in 
police investigation and what finding the owner of the 
has been uncovered, said the sunglasses found in the bed- 
killer may have developed a room. They have brown-tinted 
fixation for his victim and there lenses and a bright red metal 
was worry that he m light strike frame. 

anti-heroin drive 

'k -TV 

4 • ; -V->- V; ; 


'< V i 

■i ."C. 


Shops 9 challenge to 
car repair trade 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

Halford’s, the high street car are the core of the traditional 
and cycle accessory retailer, is garage business. 

mounting the strongest chal- 
lenge yet to the ' traditional 

The centres will also offer 
cheap “fixed menu" pricing for 

garage trade with plans for a £50 routine servicing, repairs and 
million, chain of more than 100 oil changes, and will be open 
“motorists' superstores” seven days a week from 8am to ; 
equipped with service and 8pm. 

repair bays. The Motor Agent's Assod- 

The move comes after the ation< wfaj c h represents most 
ma»S Of jntot KjemK run by gauges in Britain, said last 
Halfords, B & Q, the home -phe traditional trade 

improvement and DrY chain ignore this new develop- 
owned by Woohrorth, and men ttt their peril 

ZEES*-* pri ™ i “ d STSfKJ’r'S 

NowteSsisontobc-fim “H?L 5 

** ,£*£7. ThTpSl hte ** - 

SS* .5 » -»* -ft “ °my * 

5 *5?" “ J? 3 * car parts and of ^ before ^ snperstores 


serv,cctradc - are selling new cars. 

The new centres win fit not “Hardly anyone in the garage 
only fast-moving parts such as business is malting a sensible 
batteries, tyres, brakes and profit today. We are being bled 
exhaust systems available from white by the . manufacturers' 
specialists such as Kwik-Fit, but discount war and the Halfords 
also replacement engines, gear- of this world know we are in no 
boxes and body panels which position to fight back." 

Spanish ‘blockade 9 
angers Austin Rover 

The British Government was 
being urged last night to make 
the strongest possible protest to 
Spain about a “blockade" of 
British cars entering that 
country (Clifford Webb writes). 

Attftin Rover said it had 
been forced to cancel a 
shipment of 300 cars due to 
leave for Spain today because 
dockside space at PUujes, near 
Bilbao, was taken up by 1,300 
Austin Rover care which 
customs refttsed to release. 

Mr Pater Johnson. Austin 
Rover's director of exports, told 
The Times: At a time when 
Spanish-made Ford Fiestas, 
Vauxhali Novas and Seats are 

Sex Pistols sue 
for share in 
£lm royalties 

The three surviving members 
of the 1970s punk group, the 
Sex Pistols, launched a High 
Court claim yesterday for an 
estimated £1 million royalties. 

In an action set to last two 
months' Mr Justice Mervyn 
Davies . is being asked to 
untangle agreements which 
would release the assets 
But their former m a n ag e r, Mr 
Malcolm McLaren, and the 
company he set up to exploit 
the group, Giitterbest and 
Matrixbest, are also seeking a 
share of the money for their 
work as agents and managers. 

arriving here at die rate of 
12,000 a month the Spanish are 
dragging their feet over an- 
nouncing our new quota for the 
number of cars we can sell 
there this year." 

Spanish car imports to 
Britain are unrestricted and 
pay only 4 per cent duty. Austin 
Rover paid between 19 per cent 
and 25 per cent duty (depend- 
ing on engine size). 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry said last night: 
“We are in tend) with Brussels 
and Madrid and hope that the 
matter can be resolved this 

Woman judge 
quits over 

Miss Nancy Wilkins, aged S3, 
a recorder an the Midland 
Circuit in Lincoln, Leicester, 
Grimsby, Derby and Chester- 
field since 1978, is to retire after 
issuing a statement protesting 
that women are discriminated 
against in the legal profession. 

Miss Wilkins’s statement 
said: “In the legal profession 
women have to work three 
times as hard as a man just to 
survive, let alone get on, as the 
lade of women in top positions 
will show.” 

Credit card 
firms break 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

The growing popularity of 
credit cards was confirmed 
yesterday when Access and 
Bardayrard announced record 
results for last year. There was 
also growing evidence that 
credit card fraud was foiling, in 
spite of die rise in card use. 

Access, the card company 
used jointly by Lloyds, Mid- 
land, National Westminster 
and the Royal Bank of 
Scotland, issued a recor d 
818,000 new cards last year, 
compared with die previous 
year’s 740,000. Bardaycard 
also broker previous records 
with tire issue of 621/100 new 
cards; it had received 850,000 

The new cards take the total 
of Access cards in issue to 
million; Bardaycards number 
about 8 million. 

Each company processed 
more than 200 mQlhm card 
transactions last year with an 
Increase in turnover in each 
case of more than £1 bfifion. 
Access's turnover was more 
than £5 billion; Bardaycard 
holders generated a turnover of 
£4.4 billion. 

Mr Mike Blackburn, Access 
chief executive, said: “This is 
the first tirnn e in our 13-year 
history that fraud losses have 
fallen in real terms. It reflects a 
wide range of fraud prev en tion 
tactics applied during the 

Fraud losses for the com- 
pany fell to £6.4 million from 
£6-8 million in 1984. As the two 
hugest credit raid operators in 
Britain, Access and' Barday- 
card have suffered heavily from 
fraud in recent years. 

Access said that the most 
effective method of fraud 
prevention had been greater 
vigilance by sales assistants, 
encouraged by a £50 reward for 
the recovery of each lost card. 
The company paid £660,000 in 
rewards last year. 

According to Bardaycard. 
more credit cards are being 
issued partly because an 
increasing number of people 
are using two or more credit 

An official added that the 
issue of Marks & Spencer 
credit cards last year had 
extended awareness of this 
method of payment to a new 

Barclays said that spending 
at garages continued to be its 
largest trade sector, «wnimt}ng 
for more than £1 billion of 

Heart transplant man moved 

Mr Kenneth Hams, aged53, 
a chartered civil engineer from 
Hertfordshire, who last Friday 
was given a heart transplant 
after being kept alive for 12 
hours on a heart assist pump, 
was transferred yesterday to 
HarefiekL' Hospital, west Lon- 
don.. . 

A spokesman for the private 
Harley Street clinic where the 
operation was carried out said 
Mr Hams was in a stable 
condition and ready to start tus 
rehabilitation . programme. He 

was no longer on any form of 
mechanical or drug support, 
jfehad been told he had 

received a tart transplant 

which, together with the use of 

By Nicholas Timmins 

the heart assist pump for the 
first time in the United 
Kingdom, had been carried out 
as an emergency procedure 
when his heart would not start 
pumping effectively again after 
open-heart surgery last Thurs- 

American Medical Inter- 
national said yesterday that it 
had no plans to start a heart 
transplant programme in spite 
of the apparent success of last 
week's procedure, but the 
Pierce-Donachy assist pump 

used to keep Mr Harris alive 
until a donor became available 
is likey to be used again. 

Its uses include allowing a 
failing heart to recover if it docs 

not start pumpimg after surgery. 
Surgeons at the Cardiothoracic 
Institute in London, where 
experience with the pump has 
been gained on animals, say 
that in the United States 
patients have been kept on the 
pump for up to 28 days. 

• Newcastle upon' Tyne is 
expected to be named Britain's 
third health service heart 
transplant centre along with 
Harefield and Papworth hospi- 
tals later this week by Mr 
Norman Fowler. Secretary of 
State for Social Services. New- 
castle has carried out five 
transplants with four patients 
still living. 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary of State for Social Services, launching his latest campaign against drug abuse with a video 
by TTY'S ‘Minder 1 stars George Cole and Dennis Waterman (Photograph: Dod Miller). \ ..*7 

] Freezer risk 
over M&S 
food packs 

About- 400 people who ate 
vol-au-vcnts sold over the 
Christm as period in .Marks & 
Spencer stores throughout Bri- 
tain have reported some form of 
illness, including diarrhoea, the 
company said yesterday. 

Since- Marks Spencer 
issued a health wanting about 
the St Michael cocktail vol-au- 
vents two weeks ago after 
finding that some of the voi-au- 
vents were undercooked, 10,000 
packs have been returned to the 

The packs of 12, which 
contain three fillings including 
mushrooms, ham and cheese, 
and. prawns, are labelled as 
being suitable for freezing. 

Marks A Spencer yesterday 
issued further warnings in 
national newspapers and post- 
ers displayed in its 267 stores, 
requesting customers to return 
all packs and to check their 

“It is possible that some 
Christmas shoppers have stored 
the vol-au-vems in their freez- 
ers.” Marks & Spencer said. It 
was possible that some of the 
packs, which sold for £2.19. 
could be a risk to health if not 
reheated adequately. An investi- 
gation is under way. 

The Government's latest 
move in its campaign a gain st 
heroin and drug abuse is a 
video package for schools, 
including a special episode of 
Mauler with Dennis Waterman 
and George Cole (Nicholas 
Timmins writes). 

The £2 million extension to 

the rampaig n rump gg mink . 

ters claimed that the first £2.4 
million part, launched last year 
with television advertisements, 
posters and newspapers adver- 
tisements, had made “a real 
impact on young people" in 
spite of the original doubts iff 
experts on drag abuse. 

Last year’s television cam- 
paign was undertaken agaist 
the advice of the Government's 
Advisory Council for Misuse of 
Drugs which gave a warning - 
that advertising could increase 
interest in heroin rather than 
put teenagers and young people 

S todies by market re-, 
searchers in the foDow-up to 
that camp aign show instead a 
hardening of attitudes agaist.., 
heroin, Mr Norman. Fowler, 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services, said yesterday. 

BBC keeps option 
of killing Dr Who 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

Sheep warning for 
pregnant women 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The ending of the next series 
of Dr Who has been left 
unwritten to enable the charac- 
ter in the 22-year-old pro- 
gramme to be killed off if BBC 
executives decide they are 
unhappy with the show. 

The series, delayed for a year 
by Mr Michael Grade, control- 
letiof BBC I, may well turn out 
to be the last for the tone-trav- 
elling doctor. The corporation 

has about 11 years of earlier 
programmes which it could sell 
world wide for a huge profit 
along the lines of the American 
series. Star Trek. 

Mr Grade has not yet 
decided whether the Taidis is 
about to make its final journey 
in the series, shown in the 
autumn wittr'CoGn. Baker as 
the doctor. 

Kilvert diary found 

A third diary written by the 
Rev Francis Kilvert, whose 
accounts of life in a rural parish 
are regarded as having high 
Hterary values has been dis- 

1 Mr Kil vert’s first diary, 
dealing with his days as curate 
at Clyro, near Hay-on-Wye, 
Powys, between April and June 

1870, was published by the 
National Library of Wales in 
1982. A second diary is being 
considered for publication 
The National .Library of 
Wales has bought the third 
diary from Mr Charles Harvey, 
a friend of Mr Kilvert's niece, 
the late Mrs Essex-Hope, of 
Sussex. • 

Pregnant women are being 
warned against helping with 
lambing because of a sheep 
disease which ran cause 
dangerously premature births 
of babies. 

The warning has been issued 
to' farmers’ wives and female 
veterinary surgeons by the 
Scottish Home and Health 
Department, after the deaths of 
five premature infants. 

Doctors and veterinary sur- 
geons are. becoming increas- 
ingly worried about foe risks to 
pregnant women of chlamydia 
in sheep, a common infections 
disease which canses 30 per 
cent of abortions in the anhmJ. 

Specialists at Edinburgh 
City Hospital have published 
details of six rases which 
occurred in the last two years. 
In five rases, the women gave 
birth to premature - babies 

which subsequently died. In 
one rase the mother died. 

Dr Raymond Brettie, con- 
sultant physician in infectious 
diseases at tire hospital, said 
yesterday: “Pregnant women 
seem to be much more seriously 
affected by this infection, which 
starts off as an influenza-tike 
illness but rapidly worsens. 

“The illness can be success- 
fully treated with antibiotics 
but it is important for family 
doctors to ask pregnant women 
displaying these early ' symp- 
toms about their occupation to 
establish whether sheep may be 
the source of the infection." 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security in London 
is understood to be asking the 
SHHD for further information 
- on the Scottish cases before 
deciding whether to take any 


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;'RXRLfAMENt JANUARY 1 3 1 986 

Westland debate ® Thatcher and Kinnock to speak 

ernes ur&m 

leave consortium 


Mr Leon Brittan. Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry. made clear 
m ihc Commons [hat rie had noi pul 
pressure on British Aerospace to 
withdraw from ihc European 
consortium bidding for a stake in 
" cstland helicopters 
Mr Brittan 2 ddcd that in dis- 
cussions «iih Sir Raymond L:-go, 
chict executive ofBritish Aerospace, 
he had expressed the Wew that the 
nature and tone of some of the 
campaign on behalf of ihc European 
consortium could fuel protaciionist 
sentiments in -die United States. Sir 
Raymond had said that Briush 
Aerospace's US subsidiary had 
expressed concern about their 
interests being harmed. 

Mr Brittan said: Throughout last 
year Westland pic was facing 
financial difficulties. The company's 
position reflected among other 
things a worldwide slump in 
demand for civil helicopters. 
Against this background Sir John 
Cucfcnev. who became chairman in 
June 1 <JS5. sough; a partnership 
with a substantial industrial group 
which could offer both finance and 
commercial strength. United Tech- 
nologies expressed an interest in 
taking a substantial minority 

Subsequently. Fiat joined United 
Technologies in a joint proposal to 
take a minority shareholding in 
Westland. The Government, how- 
ever. encouraged Westland to 
explore fully in addition the 
possibility of an alternative Euro- 
pean-based proposal. This led to the 
dc. elopment of proposals from a 
consortium comprising Aero- 
spatiale. Agusta and MBB. who 
were later joined by British 

I announced in my statement to 
the House on December 16 that the 
board of Westland had decided to 
recommend to shareholders the 
proposals pui forward by United 
Technologies and Fiat. I explained 
that the Government is not bound 
hy ihc recommendation of the 
national armaments directors of the 
United Kingdom, r ranee. Germany 
and Italy that certain helicopter 
requirements should in future be 
me; solely t'rom helicopters designed 
and built in Europe. That remains 
the position. 

1 also explained the action the 
Goxemrasm had taken to ensure 
ihjL Westland had an alternative 
Europen-based offer to consider, but 
emphasized that it was for Westland 
to decide the best route to follow to 
secure its future and that of its 
employees. At no stage did the 
Government collectively determine 
on a preference for a particular 

At its meeting on December 19. 
the Cabinet confirmed the policy 1 
had previously announced. It was 
also decided that no minister was 
entitled to lobby in favour of one 
proposal rather than another. That 
decision was unanimously approved 
by the members of the Cabinet. 

On January 1 ;he Prime Minister 
set out clearly in a letter to Sir John 
Cuekney that as long as Westland 
continues to carry on business in the 
UK. the Govern mem will support 
ihe company in pursuing British 
interests in Europe. Mrs Thatcher 
<dso made clear the Government 
w ould resist to the best of us ability 
attempts by others to discriminate 
against Westland. 

The alternative solutions put to 
Westland have been presented in 
some quarters as offering a choice 
between collaboration with Europe 
and collaboration with the United 
States. In fact the Government 
welcome collaboration with both 
Europe and the United States. Both 
the proposals put to the Board have 
a European involvement. The 
Government will continue to 
support Westland in pursuing 
British interests in Europe which- 
ever solution is implemented. 

A number of assert ions have been 
made in recent days about my own 
and the Government's position on 
inis matter. 1 will be happy to 
answer questions on these specific 

The position now is that the 
board of Westland has unanimously 
recommended revised proposals 
from United Technologies and Fiat 
to shareholders. Revised proposals 
from the European consortium, now 
joined by GtC. have also been 
circulated to shareholders. The 
Government hopes the matter can 
be resolved quickly in the interests 
of the company and its employees. 

.Mr John Smith, chief Opposition 
spokesman on trade and industry : 

1 1 is rather curious for the Secretary 
of Slate to come to this House after 
3 series of accounts and detailed 

allegations have been made by a 
former colleague, and to say nothing 
about those allegations. 

tie, at least, do not think rhat Mr 
Brittan is the appropriate person to 
answer questions about the attack 
on The Government as a whole, a 
should have been ihe Prime 
Minister who came to the House to 
answer questions about a colleague 
in whom she has placed sufficient 
confidence to give him substantial 
responsibility on behalf of the 

It is dear that his statement adds 
little to what has been said. In his 
statement on December 15 they 
would not be bound by the national 
armaments directors' recommen- 
dation unless Wesilands had by 
then received a firm offer from the 
three European companies, which 
the board would recommend to its 

When and how did the Govern- 
ment reach that decision collectively? 

He told us (hat the Government 
had decided the ministers would 
not lobby for either side. May I ask 
him about his activities in 
connection with his interview with 
Sir Raymond Lygo. chief executive 
of British Aerospace. in his office at 
the Department of Trade and 

He will be aware of wbat has been 
said in recent days about that 
interview. Is there a contempor- 
aneous written record of the 
interview, bearing in mind the 
normal governmental practice for a 
record to be taken by his private 
secretary and officials. 

If it exists can it be made 
available to MPs so that they can 
form a judgment of what happened 
and test it against the accounts 
which have been given? 

Was it the decision of the 
Government that ministers should 
keep above the matter and leave it 
to shareholders to decide between 
both proposals in circulation? Why 
did he decide to speak to Sir 
Raymond Lygo at all? What was his 
purpose in calling Sir Raymond 
Lygo into his room and discussing it 
with him? 

Why was there the admitted 
reference to ami-United States 
sentiment and the consequences to 
British Aerospace involvement with 
the airbus, leading perhaps to 
cancellation of American orders for 
the airbus? Why did he think it 
relevant to raise that in discussing 
Westland Helicopters w-ith Sir 
Raymond Lygo if it was not to 
influence hiru one way or the other? 
Docs he not think it remarkable that 
Sir Raymond that very evening took 
the mailer sufficiently seriously to 
phone each director of the board to 
acquaint them with the communi- 
cation he had received from the 
Secretary of State that afternoon. 

Unless he gives a full account of 
»hai was said to Sir Raymond, the 
impression will continue to circulate 
widely that the Secretary of State 
will say one thing to Parliament 
while doing another thing in 
practice. I Labour cheers). 

If we reach the situation that 
Wetland is unable, because of its 
articles of association and consti- 
tution. to decide effectively in 
favour of either proposal, what does 
ihe Government propose to do" 

Mr Brittan: The decision, the effect 
of which 1 announced on December 
IK. was taken at a meeting of 
ministers collectively on December 

The circumstances of the meeting 
with Sir Raymond Lygo were that 
Sir Raymond was in any event due 
to meet the Ministers of State to 
discuss many other things including 
the airbus. Therefore it would seem 
wholly artificial if I did not sec Sir 
Raymond as well. 

It is untrue that in the course of 
the meeting 1 made any suggestion 
to Sir Raymond that Briush 
Aerospace should withdraw from 
the consortium, or that partici- 
pation was contrary to the national 

On the contrary I emphasized the 
Government position: that it was 
for Westland to decide what course 
to follow. 1 said, and continue to 
believe, that the nature and lone of 
some of the campaign-and only 
some-on behalf of the European 
consortium, could fuel protectionist 
sentiment in the United States, and 
damage the commercial interest of 
British Aerospace, especially in the 
United Stales. 

Sir Raymond himself said that 
British Aerospace United Slates 
subsidiary had expressed great 
concern about their United Slates 
business being harmed. 

I also said that it was not in me 
national interest that the present 
uncertainty involving Westland 
should drag on. Mr Smith referred 
to conversations which he said took 

place after that meeting, l do not 
know of them. 

1 f othen gave a differ cm 
impression of what was said. 1 
naturally much regret it. But if he 
wants tc know why 1 was concerned 
about the implications for the 
acrobus sales and felt it appropriate 
to raise the matter with Sir 
Raymond Lygo. 1 have already said 
that Sir R ymond had agreed that 
the United States subsidiary had 
expressed concern. 

British Aerospace has a substan- 
tial stake m the A320 .Airbus and I 
am naturally concerned to protect 
their interests. 

The Government has a duly. It 

has advanced £260 million launch 

aid to that project, and recovery of 

all but £50 million is dependent on 

sales of the aircraft. 

For ail those reasons 1 was 
naturally concerned at the possi- 
bility that airbus sales might be 
made more difficult, not by the 
participation of Sir Raymond Lygo 
in the consortium, but by the tone of 
some of the things said. 

A number of civil servants as well 
as the Minister of State were present 
at that meeting. I have cheeked all 
their recollections against the 
account which I have given and 

workforce arc well enough known. 
They are a matter to which the 
shareholders will have to give such 
"'eight as they think appropriate. 

The Government will give its 
support to Westland in Europe and 
elsewhere so long as it is a eompany 

catrying on business in Britain, 
irrespective of which consortium 
takes an interest in the company 

Mr Patrick McNalr-Wilson {New 
Forest, Cf. Suppliers and others to 
Westland have been desperately 
worried for months about the 
problems surrounding the com- 
pany's finances and even whether 
they would get paid at all - this 
before the Ministry of Defence, the 
Europeans or anyone came out with 

anything resembling a rescue 


Since this is not a nationalized 
industry and ibis is not a take-over 
bid. would it not be far wiser to have 
a moment of silence so that Sir John 
Cuckncy and his board can get on 
with producing the best deal for ihe 

Mr Brittan: He is right. There have 
been anxieties about the finances of 
Westland for some lime. Although it 
is right t should make this statement 
it is also right that we should be 

Mr George Younger, the new Secretary of State for Defence, 
at his desk yesterday (Picture: John Voos) 

careful what we say in view of the 
fact that there is a shareholders' 
meeting tomorrow and it would be 
quite wrong to apply any improper 

mine is confirmed by afl those 
officials a-, well as by the Minister of 

The question of disclosure is not 
a matter for me but 1 will consider 
Mr Smith's request. 

On i he question of what happens 
if the meeting tomorrow is 
inconclusive, it would be unwise, 
faced with (he meeting tomorrow-, 
for the House or me to speculate on 
the number of alternative possi- 
bilities which could arise. 

Mr Michael Heseltine (Henley, C): 
Has the Government received any 
letter from British Aerospace giving 
their views on the matter? 

Mr Brittan: l have not received any 
such letter. 

Mr Paddy .Ashdown (Yeovil. L): 
The vast majority of the Westland 
workforce and the vast majority of 
the smaller shareholders involved 
back the board of Westland in their 
decision. Will he confirm th3t tha 
Anglo-Italian helicopter project 
which is so vital to Westland in the 
future is founded on agreement 
between the two governments and 
not the firms and that Westland's 
position in that as the British 
Government's chosen instrument 
cannot be affected? 

Would he also agree that future 
helicopter projrcis which also rest 
on agreements between govern- 
ments will depend on who the 
Government choose as their 
representative and that neither of 
ihc two decisions before share- 
holders tomorrow can threaten 
Westland's position as the British 
Government's representative in 
future European collaborative pro- 

Mr Brittan: The views of the 

Mr Merlyn Rees (Leeds South and 
Morley. Lab): Was the correcting 
letter from the law officers to the 
Defence Secretary seen b> Mr 
Brittan or his department before it 
was sent to the Ministry of Defence? 

Mr Brittan: 1 saw it after it was sent. 

Mr John Wilkinson (Ruslip-North- 
wood. O: Does he see any profound 
conflict of imprests in the feet that 
the head of defence procurement. 
Mr Peter Lcvcne, was also chairman 
of United Scientific Holdings and 
was appointed at a salary' vastly in 
excess of that of the Chiefs of Staff? 

The former Defence Secretary 
assured ihe House there would be 
no potential conflict, yet United 
Scientific are now being black- 
mailed by the French ministry of 
defence who say the orders they 
could have with France will be 
withdrawn if the European consor- 
tium offer is not accepted. 

Mr Brittan: 1 was not aware of 
that latter fan. I ant quite sure that 
Mr Lcvcne has conducted himself 
with complete propriety. 

Mr Lewh Carter-Joaes (Ecclcs. 
Labh In what way did he collaborate 
with the Defence Secretary • in 
establishing the European consor- 

Mr Brittan: 1 indicated to Westland 
before the matter came before me 
and the Secretary of State for 
Defence that I thought they ought to 
look into the possibility of there 
being a European alternative to the 
Untied Technologies offer that had 
already come forward. 1 therefore 
invited him to begin that search. 

At a later stage last October, at a 
meeting attended among others by 
the then Secretary of State for 
Defence. 1 certainly indicated my 
strong view that the search for a 
European alternative should con- 
tinue and should go ahead. 

Mr Jerry Wiggin ( Weston-super- 
Mare. CU Among the workforce 
there is substantial concern that 
owing to the extraordinary circum- 
stances surrounding this affair 
neither proposition might come to 
fruition. The Government has a 
strong responsibility to save Wes- 
tland from receivership. 

Mr Brittan: l very much hope the 
matter will be resolved but must 
make it clear that 1 cannot accept 
responsibility on behalf of the 
Govemmem As a result of the 
action taken by the Government, 
including the former Defence 
Secretary, the company is today 
faced with two alternatives both of 
which are better than anything any 
fair-minded person might reason- 
ably have expected as likely to come 
forward several weeks ago 

Mr Stephen Ross (Isle at Wight. L): 
The workforce and middle manage- 
ment voted overwhelmingly in 
fevour of the deal with Sikorsky. 
Will he confirm that Sikorsky have 
behaved impeccably throughout the 
trauma and that should be taken 
into account by the shareholders. 

Mr Brittan: I am not here to make 
criticisms of either side. 

Sir Peter Tapscll (Lindsey East. C): 
In view of the important national 
defence interest involved, and 
irrespective of whichever bid one 
may happen to favour, how is ir 
possible for the Government of the 
day not to have a view on which bid 
is better for this country? 

Mr Brittan: One of the reasons for 
that is that the security of supply for 
the armed forces of helicopters is 
assured and that is therefore no 
problem. The other reason of some 
importance is that the Westland 
board have told shareholders that 
Untied Technologies have made it 
clear it wishes Westland to retain its 
own helicopter research and design 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau Gwent. 
Labi: Where did the information 
come from saying that misleading 
information had been given by Mr 

Heseltine ir Mr Briiian's depart- 
ment did not know about it. 

How did the law officers know 
there was misleading information it 
the. did noL consult at all with ms 
department? (Laughter!- Uas he 
therefore surprised when the matter 
was leaked a few hours later? 

Is he a party to those MPs seeking 
investigation into how that possible 
breach of the Official Secrets Act 

Mr Brittan: He is well enough 
experienced to know that Jl is 
inconceivable when his party was in 
power that anyone asking questions 
of that kind would have obtained an 
answer. ( Labour protests) 

Dr Keith Hampson (Leeds North 
West. C>: In his statement he said 
the Government had asked West- 
land to explore fully the European 
rescue option and in reply to a 
question be said I hat at the October 
1$ meeting he confirmed his strong 
support for pursuing the European 
option. Yet a few weeks ago be 
refined press speculation that he 
expressed a preference for a 
European option. 

Would it not be in his own and 
everybody’s interests if he made the 
situation totally clear by releasing 
the minutes be wrote for October 4 
and IS? 

Mr Brittan: 1 can make the situation 
dear without doing that. There is all 
the difference in the world between 
asking and wishing Tor alternatives 
to be explored and taking a view 
that the alternative - which at (hat 
stage had not been explored - was 

Dr Garin Strang (Edinburgh East. 
Lab): He has failed to satisfy the 
House on the question of wbat he 
said to British Aerospace. Did he 
not express a preference implicitly, 
and perhaps even explicitly, for the 
US deal? If that is true, is it not 
quite incompatible with Govern- 
ment policy as stated in this House? 

Mr Brittan: The account of the 
meeting 1 have given is accurate. 
Certain things had been said which 
involved antT-Americanism likely to 
do damage. I do not think that is the 
same as expressing a preference for 
the deal 

Mr Edward Taylor (Southend 
East. Cf. Mr Brittan has been 
subjected to unjustified and cruel 
criticism. Will he confirm that it 
was the unanimous agreement of 
the Cabinet on December 19 that 
ministers would not campaign for 
cither option? This agreement was 
consistently and repeatedly 
breached not by Mr Brittan but by 
Mr Heseltine. 

Mr Brittan; It is certainly true the 
Cabinet agreed nobody should 
campaign for either position. 1 
understand Mr Heseltine did feel 
strongly that the European option 
ought to be pursued vigorously. I 
imagine some of the things said in 
the course of that led Mr Taylor to 
his conclusion. 

Mr Andrew Faulds (Warfey East. 
Lab): The Prime Minister always 
intends to have her way. however 
deviously in contravention of 
collective decision-taking. Is not her 
greatest strength her unawaxeness of 
her own limitations? (Laughter.! 

Mr Brittan: No. 

Air Michael Mates (Hampshire 
East. C): Did he report the substance 
of his conversation with Sir 
Raymond Lygo last Wednesday 
evening to his Cabinet colleagues 
the following morning? 

Mr Brittan: No. there was no reason 
to do so. At the Cabinet meeting it 

was agreed to affirm the previous 
poliev I had already expressed to ms 
House. There was nothing tit the 
meeting with Sir Raymond watch 
should lead me or anyone That 

Mr laa Wriggles* orth (Stockton 
Sough SDP): Has there been any 
discussion with the US adminis- 
tration on this mauer? 

Mr Brittan: J am not aware of an> 
such discussion. 

Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark (Bir- 
mingham, Selly Oak. Q: In reply to 
Mr Heseltine he said: "l ha>c 
received no letter". Did any other 
member of the Government receive 

any representations or tetter from 
Sir Raymond Lygo or British 

Mr Brittan: 1 can only speak for 
myself. (Labour laughter and 

Mr Michael Gryth t Surrey North 
West, C)c As the Mop is Westland’s 
major customer, it is surely 
desirable that there should be. if 
possible, a European alternative to 
the Sikorsky plan so there can be 
competitive tendering? 

Mr Brittan: I certainly see (he 
advantage of competition- 
Mr Tam DaJyell (Linlithgow. Lab). 
In answer to Mr Heseltine he said he 
did not asked whether he knew rf 
any other members of the Cabinet 
had and be replied: “I can only 
speak for myself”. 

Would it not be more canded to 
the House if he was to tell us frankly 
if he did no! read them, the Prime 
Minister did? 

Air Brittan: I have given an account 
of the meeting and I have nothing 
further to add to it. 

Mr Ivor Stanbrook (Orpington. C): 
The motives of Mr Heseltine have 
wide support in the country and in 
this House. If ibe Government is 
sincere in its commitment to 
Europe, why did it not prefer 
European participation from the 

Mr Brfttu: I think the answer is 
that it was not forthcoming. 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover. Lab): 
Mr Britun has been asked questions 
regarding his meeting with Sir 
Raymond Lygo. He was asked by- 
Mr Heseltine whether the Govern- 
ment received a letter from Sir 
Raymond. He was later asked the 
same question. He has dodged it on 
both occasions by saying meekly be 
could only speak for himself, ft is 
his job to answer for the whole 
Government. That is why he is at 
the dispatch box. Now come clean. 
Mr Brittan: 1 am not aware of any 
letter from Sir Raymond Lygo to 
anyone else either. 

Mr Douglas Hoyle (Warrington 
North. Lab) asked . why the 
Government took the no-inter- 
veniion decision in view of the 
defence implications of any West- 
land takeover. 

Did Mr Brittan not think, from 
the accusation by the British 
Aerospace chairman, that it could 
appear to the House that Mr Brittan 
bad bullied the chairman? 

Mr Britum The Government 
decisipn of non-intervention had 
been taken after taking account of 
matters such as defence procure- 

Mr John Smith said there bad been 
an allegation in a newspaper that in 
the discussion with Sir Raymond. 
Mr Brinan had indicated to officials 
that he did qol want a particular 
matter recorded. 

Mr Brittan said there was no truth 
whatever in the allegation that he 
had said something should not be 

Kinnock demands Thatcher statement 

Before the Westland statement, Mr 
Neil Kinnock. Leader of the 
Opposition, rose on a point of order 
and sa id that a s the Prune Minister 
had refused to make a statement 
herself that day. Labour would use 
its supply day on Wednesday to 
debate the issue. The Prime 
Minister can run but she cannot 
hide. Mr Kinnock said. 

Seteral times in recent weeks (Mr 
Kinnock continued) ministers, in- 
cluding the Prime Minister, have 
told this House that they take a 
completely d is pas s ionate view of the 
affairs or Westland pic. Disagree- 
ment over that issue has now led to 
the resignation of a Cabinet 

In the course of that resignation 
Mr Heseltine has repeatedly made 
the grave allegation that the Prime 
Minister has been systematically 
following one course in the privacy 
of Government whilst she has been 
insisting in public and in this House 
that she Is following the opposite 
course. The implications for (his 
House are grave indeed. (Loud 

interruptions from the Conservative 

One thing has been said in 
private, at least that is the 
allegation, and another In this 
House. The implications for this 
House are very serious. They are 
that someone has been telling the 
truth and someone bas not been 
telling the truth. 

For that reason. I asked that t be 
Prime Minister make a statement on 
these matters to this House today. 
She refused. In my view that is a 
craven evasion of her duty to this 
House. . , , 

In view of that 1 give notice that 
on Wednesday the Opposition will 
use its day to debate these issues, 
and in that debate 1 shall be 
demanding that Prime Minister 
personally account for her role and 
her conduct in this matter of 
national importance. 

Mr John BifTen. Lord Privy Seal 
and Leader of the Commons, made a 
short business statement confirming 
that the subject of debate for 
Wednesday would be Westland pic 

on an Opposition motion. It would 
be followed by a motion on the 
Statutory Sick Pay Up-rating 

Mr Da*id Steel, Leader of the 
Liberal Party: Is Mr Biffcn aware 
that every newspaper, every radio 
and television programme, every pub 
in the land is discussing the issues 
which hare arisen ... (Prolonged 
laughter and interruptions.) 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard Weathe- 
rill): It is beginning to sotmd like 
every pub in the land. 

Mr Steel . . . with the resignation of 
the Secretary of State for Defence. 
Is it not Mr BIffen's responsibility 
as Leader of the House to arrange 
that the Prime Minister makes a 
.statement on the wider issue: not the 
narrow issues which are die 
responsibility of the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, hat on 
the wider Issnes of cabinet 
responsibility and the bala n c e of 
defence procurement between 
Europe and the United State? 

Mr Bitten: Z will be within the 
Speaker's competence to judge how 
wide the debate win go. ( should be 
surprised if Mr Steel were 

Mr Patrick Cormack (South 
Staffordshire, C): Win the Prime 
Minister be taking part in the 
debate on Wcdnesdav? 

Mr Biflea; He need not fret. He will 
not be disappointed. 

Mr Ian Wriggles worth (Stockton. 
Sooth, SDPk Can Mr Biffea not be 
a little more precise? The statement 
made hy the former Secretary of 
State but week has profound 
implications both for national 
security and for the whole conduct of 
government in this country. 

The House will be disappointed 
that the Prime Minister is not 
making a statement this afternoon. 
Therefore will Mr BifTen maire it 
dear the Priam Minister wzl) be 
speaking on Wednesday? 

Mr BifTen-. I am sure he will in no 
sense be disappointed by the content 
and outcome of Wednesday's debate. 

More staff to fight City fraud 


The number uf lawyers on the staff 
of the Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions assigned (0 fraud investi- 
gation is to be increased from 15 to 
2 -f a 60 per cent increase together 
v ilh an increase in support staff. Sir 
Michael Havers, the Attorney 
General, said during questions in the 

It was important he said, that 
these staff should have considerable 
relevant experience and the Govern- 
ment was considering a form of short 
service contract to permit the 
recruitment of experience praction- 
ers from the Bar and solicitors* 
firms. The position would continue 
to be monitored closely, be said. 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover. 
Lab): Does the Athorney General 
realise he bas a lot to live np to in 
v ir/i of the statements be made some 
r Anths ago when fie said ffie level of 
*J,\\ fraud is unacccpatble. 

Can he guarantee, based on these 
nc» recruits, that he will be able to 
state unequivocally, categorically 
and without ambiguity that Peter 
Ccmenw-Webb. now living in 
Miami, is going (0 be brought back 
to this country in order to face 
charges of getting rid of something 
approaching £130 million? 

According to yesterdays news- 
papers, Peter Dixon made £13 
million himself. Can he guarantee 
that while there is supposed to be 
law and order in the inner cities, 
there will be law and order applied 
to people like Cameron- Webb and 
Dixon and that they will be subjer to 
i be few like the rest or ihe British 

Sir Michael Hirers: 1 think it 
would help if I gave the resources we 
are applying to the PCW-Knwden 
fraud. There b a deputy divisional 
man from the DPP, an assistant 
director; there are profession a. 1 
officers, two detective superinten- 
dents and other policemen, five 
counsel including two QCs. 

The problem is treeing the funds 

in order that we can ascertain where 
the ultimate beneficiary is. There 
are several foreign countries In- 
volved. including a bank in 
.Switzerland, a bank incident)? 
acquired by Howden. 

There are a million plus 
documents which have been sized 
from Howden. 

Regarding gening (hem back, 
there are extradition problems. It 
may be (hey are not in Miami- They 
may be in Costa Rica: if it is Costa 
Rica, we have no extradition treaty. 
If they are in the United States, it u 
a lengthy business appluing fnr 
extradition. . 

So far as Mr John W allrock 
(former chairman of Minet Hold- 
ings) that is someone else wc would 
like to bring back to this country. He 
has dual nationality. Swiss and 
British, and the Swiss do not 
extradite their nationals. 

Mr Skinner. TTien they are going to 
get away with it. 

Mr Dvrek Spencer (Leicester South. 
O: Would he agree that outside 
London the county forces have been 
effectively dealing with cases of 
long-term fraud and they have for 
many years been bringing people 
guilty of these offences to book and 
the 'courts have been passing 
appropriate sentences? 

Sir Michael Havers: The long- 
term frauds are probably some of the 
easiest frauds to investigate and to 

prosecute. It is much more complete 
frauds to investigate and to 
prosecute. It is much more complex 
frauds which have been causing the 
difficulties. The DPP that tear 
invited provincial police forces to 
ask for assistance in complex fraud 
cases. There are a number or stock 
exchanges outside London. 

Mr Nicholas Brown, an Opposition 
spokesman on legal affairs: Is it the 
Government's view that too few 
reported fraud cases are brought to 
trial and tbis is primarily because of 
the resources? 

Is consideration bring given to the 
question of expertise raised by the 
Roskill Committee and in particular 
of the training in accountancy and 
information technology suggested 
for barristers, judges and iu 
particular for fraud squad investi- 
gation officers? 

Sir Michael Havers: As for 
experience in FIG. there has been a 
great deal of extra training put into 
effect. If I can go back to Lloyds, the 
lawyers of Lloyds. including counsel, 
have been to Lloyds skilled than 
they would have been beforehand. 

The whole purpose of FIG is to 
get a group of experienced lawyers, 
accountants and the rest and better 
trained police officers to get on 
quickly. FIG so far has been a great 
success story: in fact it has been so 
successful it has been almost 

Further £5m for Sudan 

A further £5 million for famine 
relief in Sudan was announced 
curing question time in the 
Commons by Mr Timothy Raison. 
Minister for Overseas Develop- 
ment. J 

The money would be made 
available through Save the Children 
Ftjpd, mainly to meet the costs of 
urgent food distribution in L^rtur. 
h; said. In addition he was 
allocating £200.000 to Oxfam tor 
emergency work in the Red Sea 
province and the south. 

British bilaira* dcvdoomcn; aid 

to Sudan in the Iasi financial year 
amounted to £27.500.000 and the 
Government expected _ to spend 
about the same amount in 19S5-S6. 
More than £29 million had been 
provided on bilateral famine relief 
for Sudan since October 198~. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.50 k Financial Serv ices 
Bill, second reading. Lords (2.30 k 
E ducation (Amendmcnti Bill, sec- 
ond reading. Salmon Bill, -second 

Bill not a panic reaction to inner city riots 


The Public Order Bill had not been 
cobbled together in hasty reaction to 
last autumn's riots. Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, said in 
the Commons when moving the 
second reading of the BiJL 

The BilL he said, did notdctract 
from the traditional philosophy of 
policing based n the principles of 
policing by cooperation with the 
public and of the minimum use of 
force, which he and the police were 
anxious to maintain. 

Part One of the Bill was drawn 
largely from ihe English Law 
Commission's report published in 
(9SJ and revised and codified the 
common few offences in England, 
and Wales. The common law 
offences were replaced by new 
statutory offences of riot, violent 
disorder and affray. 

The new offence of riot would be 
committed when J2 or more people 
used or threatened violence to 
achieve a common purpose. The 
White Paper suggested a maximum 
penalty of 10 years' imprisonment 

but the Government had decided to 
retain the present maximum penalty 
of life imprisonment. 

The Bill created the offence of 
violent disorder to replace the 
existing offence of unlawful as- 
sembly. with a maximum penalty 
on indictment of five years' 
imprison mem or an unlimited fine. 
Violent disorder would be used in 
futureas the norma! charge for 
serious outbreaks of public disorder. 

The new otfcncc of disorderly 
conduct would penalize behaviour 
which was not itself violent but 
which was threatening, abusive 
insulting or disorderly and was 
likely to cause alarm, harassment or 
distress. The new offence was aimed 
at protecting those who were most 
vulnerable to loutish and abusive 
behaviour - particularly the elderly 
and people from ethnic minorities. 

The Government did not want to 
use the criminal few to enforce 
social standards or to worsen 
relations between young people and 
the police. This was a law against 
hooliganism, not against high 

In establishing a new legal 

framework covering processions, 
demonstrations and assemblies, the 
Government wanted to ensure that 
the right io protest, march and 
picket peacefully should be regu- 
lated only to the extent required to 
preserve order and protect the rights 
of others. 

There would be a new national 
requirement for the organisers of 
marches to give seven days’ notice 
to the police. 

Gatherings such as that at 
Greenham Common or the mass 
pickets of the miner's strike should 
not be outside the framework of 
controls. It seemed reasonable the 
police should have power to 
negotiate ground rules to prevent 
trouble happening. The right of 
peaceful picketing would not be 

He hoped that the provision of 
the power for courts to exclude 
football hooligans from matches 
would stimulate clubs to introduce 
membership cards speedily. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on home affetrs. 
moved an Opposition amendment 
declining to give the BUI a second 

reading at a time when serious 
crime had increased by 40 per cent 
under the present Government, the 
enme dear-up rate had markedly 
declined, and when the Bill 
contained no proposals likely to be 
effective in preventing disorder, 
while diverting scarce police 
resources from fighting crime an 
seriously undermining traditional 
civil liberties. 

He said public order offences 
were only a tiny fraction on the 
number of crimes committed in 
Britain each year. The financial cost 
to die economy of disorder and 
rioting was small compared with the 
cost to the nation of financial fraud, 
estimated to exceed £3.000m a year. 

The Government’s approach to 
these two kinds of offence revealed a 
great deal about about its real 
definition few and order which it 
applied in a socially very diferem 
and discriminatory way to wor king 
people on the one hand and Citv 
swindlers on the othcT. 

There was great public concern, 
and nghtlv so. about disorder and 
riot because such crimes were the 
most visible of all. 


Analysis of impact on Channel ferry fleet 

Roj Hughes. Chief Opposition 
spokesman on transport Will Mr 
Ridley confirm that the Eart of 
Cathncss. Under SecrcWrv of State 
[or Transport, told the Merchant 
Navy officers that it ts the 
Government's intention to main- 
tain tile ferry sen- ices and fleck 
Will Mr Ridley ensure there is no 
treaty signed between Britain and 
France before the House has 
ananzed and discussed the White 

^? r I am n °t quite clear what 

the Earl of Caithness said but I 
make dear that the impact of any 
choice on the ferry service and the 
defence consequences will be spelt 
out in the White Paper. Any matter 
ol a debate must be for the leader of 
the House (Mr John Biffcn). 

The White Paper on ibe Channel 
fixed link, to be published after die 
announcement of the decision about 
which project had been chosen, 
would include an analysis of the 
impact on the ferry- fleet and defence 
consequences. Mr Nicholas Ridley. 
Secretary of State for Transport, 
indicated during questions in the 

He said about 1.700 letters about 
the Channel fixed link had been 
recci'cd since the promoters 
submitted their proposals on 
October 31. Of these, about 1.500 
had been from members of the 

Mr Edward Taylor (Southend East. 

Cl said the public would prefer a 
third Dartford Tunnel to a Channel 
tunnel. Would Mr Ridley issue a 
warning io innocent investors who 
rafehl be tempted to put savings in 
the project that if it runs out of 
money there is no question of the 
Govemmem bailing it out with 
taxpayers' money? 

Mr Ridley: I do not consider 1.700 
letters out of a population of 54 
million is statistically significant. I 
agree that there wil! be no public 
finance available if either of the 
projects which might be selected 
runs into financial difficulty halfway 

Mr Tam Dalyclf (Linlithgow. Lab) 
asked if the Government had 
considered any further the psycho- 
logical and driving h; pno*i» 

problems connected with the tunneL 
Mr Ridley: These matters have been 
analyzed and considered. Mr 
Dob ell would do well to await the 
decision and the White Paper that 
will follow- thq decision. 

1 do not believe ft will be possible 
to publish the White Paper on the 
day of the decision because the 
decision has to come first and Ihe 
White Paper after it will explain and 
answer Mr Dalycll’s worn - . 

Mr Michael Colvin (Romsey and 
Waterside. C): How many letters 
have commitments should the 
Channel fixed link lead to a 
reduction in the feny fleet’ 

Mr Ridley. The number of letters is 
*• ana * do not consider 19 letters 
can be taken as expressing a major 
national concern. 

- Commentary 



Nominations closed yester- 
day for Ihc IS by-elections to be 
held in Northern Ire land on 
January 23: the mini refgf. 
end am on the Angle-Irixft 
agreement that the Ulster 
Unionists ha* been determined 
to force. They will be hoping to 
impress the British Govern- 
meat with the extent of their 
popular snpport. 

But they face a particular 
difficulty. The voice of Ulster 

Unionism now carries less 
weight with most sections of 
British opinion than for man y 
years. That is tree whether or 
not the Unionists still speak for 
the bulk of the Protestant 
community. So they wiU not 
find it easy (o translate any 
electoral success into effective 
political pressure. 

Why. though, have they lost 
influence in Britain? It is not so 
long ago that no British 
government of any party would 
have dared to reach an 
agreement with Dublin that 
was a direct affront to the 
Unionists without even bother- 
ing to have proper consul- 
tations smh them. 

One of the principal expla- 
nations, I believe, is shnply 
Eritish weariness with the 
problems of Northers Ireland. 
Whene'er any proposal is 
made that goes some nay to 
meet the wishes of one 
community the other is out- 
raged. So there is an increasing 
tendency for the British in their 
bewiderment to say a plague on 
both of them. 

Unionists out of 
political dialogue 

Bat there is more than that to 
British disillusionment with 
Ulster unionism. The Unionists 
have given the impression in 
recent years of adopting an 
essentially negative attitude. 
To some extent that is their 
misfortune rather than their 
fault Those who want to 
preserve the constitutional 
sutus quo are always liable to 
seem more negative than those 
whose dissatisfaction makes 
them more receptive to fresh 

idea*. , , , 

To say that the Unionists 
have put op no fresh ideas 
would be unfair. They are eager 
for an assembly with real 
powers, bnt they have not put 
op any proposals which have 
seemed to stand much chance 
of acceptance. They have 
attracted attention in Britain 
largely for their attempts to 
block change. 

This might not matter so 
nmch for Ulster Unionists if 
they were still part of the 
general British political dia- 
logue; but while they come to 
Westminster to defend the 
Union, most of them do not 
behave like United Kingdom 
politicians. Only Mr Enoch 
Powell is heard with interest on 
any subject other than the 
affairs of Northern Ireland. 

It was not always so. The 
Ulster Unionists used to take 
the Conservative Whip at 
Westminster. They used to 
serve on Conservative back- 
bench committees and were , 
from time to time elected as 
officers or those committees. 
They were part of the Con- 
servative family. 

Strength and 
friends lost 

Bnt when the Heath gove 
meat abolished the Stonm 
assembly and introduced dir 
rule in 1972 the Ub 
Unionists decided to go th 
own way on Northern Ireia 
affairs. The decisive bra 
however, came after the gene 
election of F ebrnary 1974. 

Eleven of the 12 North* 
Ireland seats were won at ti 
election by a coalition of Unit 
Ulster Unionists who ca. 
paigned on a simple platform 
opposition to the Scmnzngifc 
agreement which has ests 
lished the power-shari 
executive in the provin 
Having campaigned against 
Conservative government th 
immediately resigned the C( 
servative whip at Westminste 

There is still a connects 
between the two parties outs! 
Parliament The Ulster Unit 
iat Council remains a Jt erf 
of the National Uum 
Conservative and . Union 
Associations, with the right 
attend party conferences. T1 
is however, less important th 
the different strategy they ha 
pursued in the House 

Instead of operating withi 
Conseraitive fold they iu 
sought influence through th 
bargaining strength as. 
independent group. Tj 
seemed to pay off in MCBtt 
five more seats For North* 
Ireland when there was a hu 
Parliament during the Calk 
ban government lid so 
tactics cannot be employ 
when there is a gaveroBK 
with a large overall majority- 

The Ulster Unionists ha 
sacrificed their place hi t 
Conservative family withe 
seeming any greater sympat 
from Labour, so they, ha 
fewer friends and not euoitj 
bargaining strength; to fi 
them clout at Westminster. 


t r • ’»• 

r >!.'* V'.i ' 







Panel will choose 

By David Hewson, Aits Correspondent 

- The next director of the 
;■ National Gallery is likely , to be 
; announced next oimmw after a 
■ selection procedure coiminxtmg 
» in the recommendation of ' the 

- candidate to the Pnxbe : Minis- 

r ter - . 

Sir- Michael .'Levey, the 

, present director, annrmnryyt last 
' week that he intends to retire 
. next January, six months before 

- his sixtieth birthday. Sir 
Michael was an internal cR6<fi~ 
date when he was ^ven thepcwt 
in 19 73; and did not go before jaj 
formal intei view panaH. ■" 

It is expected tnatthe trustees 
will this year consider a nirmber. 
of outside candidates -tor the 
post, forming an ,*■ interview - 
pand for that purpose. . 

The gallery's internal, candid 
dales include the deputy direc- 
tor, Mr Allan Braham, aged 48, . 
and two senior stall; Mr 5 
Alastair Smith, keeper of- 

H nman Potterton,. aged 39, 
director of .the National Gallery 
of Irdand and a former 
assistant at the gallery . in 
London, and Mr Timothy 
Qifford, aged 39, director ofthe 
National Chdleriesaf Scoti&nd. 

" The chairman of the trustees. 
Mr Jacob 'Rothschild," treated a 
stir in the .art world shortly, 
before ' Christmas J -when' - he 
Visited America, prompting' 
speculation that the job might 
go to an afts figure working 
there. Mr Rofbacih3d! insists, 
however, • that .the visit . was 
connected with the gallery's 
Hampton site building and had 
nothing todo with Sir MicfaaeTs 

Manchester Private 200 
■is arms police animals 
at airport put down 

-'jf i From Peter Davenport 
, V. Manchester: 

Police officers armed -with 
‘.,yr ^sub-machine-guns were drafted 
’’ „ ^,>into Manchester Ringway inter- 
4 j-.i national airport yesterday ’ as 
, . part of the general alert after 
terrorist attacks on anpohs in 
" ?Roine and Vienna. 

.'rp Two officers were armed wiih: 
. .1*2 the Heckler and Koch, 9mm 

- machine-gnus specially adapted 
‘'jo fine on Yy single shots, and 40 

.■other officers, some in plain 
: j; ‘ dothes, were issued'with hand- 
; -• ^.guns. 

/ The main target of the 
' ii-* increased security is the weekly 
B A1 flight to Tel Aviv which 
li^-operates from the airport- on 

r . " V Since the airport killings in 
; " _„c.-Rome and Vienna check- in stall 
-at Manchester / have twice 
i walked -out as. part of their . 
-•-''.'./demand for increased security 
levels. . ... 

Yesterday the El Al desk was 
1 sectioned off from other desks 

- . ;;*n thp check-in hall and. from 
: week it will be housed in a 
"-.^separate, high security section! 

• Jii the airport teruuuaL. 

- Last week -police, moved, into 

: ' ^Heathrow Airport with si m i lar 

^-weapons. . . 

Four aoknh .it Knaresbo- 
rough Zoo ia Noctii Yorkshire 
were put to death yesterday. 

Outside die locked gates of 
the zoo; guarded by. police, Mr 
Sidney Jenkins, * chief inspec- 
tor with: the Royil Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals^ said: ''“They.. taw 
been humanely destroyed. I am 
side.” • ' 

: ■ The animate . had- . been 
traaqmlBzed at. 1 1.30am, and 
then, at the request of Mrs 
J&rfoara Nyoka, co^dfrector of 
the zoo. and- with her husband 
Nick's verbal ■ consent were 

Mr Jenkins said the animals' 
were * 28-year-old female bear 
called Dolly and a 32-year-old 
male bear called Yojp^aptnaa 
called Zara, aged 20, and * lion 
.-called. R31i, “which had .been 
offend Atome* but the 1 people 
■bad now backed ©at". . 

; .The two Himalayan- bears . 
and the -puma were almost 
'blind and Infirm. Homes have 
been found for 25 other a n i mals 

The closure of die zoo is the 
culmination of a campaign by 
•wiimri rights supporters, who 
complained at the conditions in 
-which' the animals were being 
kept. ' 

^ Visiting women priests 
get diocesan approval 

' By Gifford Langley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 

. . . The dioceses of the Church of. Church of En glanxf s relations 

.l C l*dig|and have" voted by 35. to with parts of: "the Anghcan 
in fovpur 'of allowing Communion which has women 
; v visiting women priests to pxiestsL. . . , ' - 

at sendees in B^cL ^ measure would still 
- ■ -nsttict the extent to which 

• ■' Tesawi tm-euow.w 

... ,v puraisnea yj-jung women priests could 1 

: . u-o jmake it_more di fficult for until the Church of 

, ' ■^■^e Gepet^ Synod to withhold decide* .tar ■ ordain 

- • -Mrtfa to Women Or- It would nof know a 

AbroM Measure when .it TO men priest "to taka over a 

fJiffraJ&SaJSB. TJ^ “•**&**•** 

• M . olyect in principle to the ; ^ 

' j? ic dinwfmn women are. ■ It; rehtiiw. to 
. ^ ^ptpectoi to oppose it vigorw dioceses fbr a majority decision 

V - Bidy before final approval could be 

, (Wourabte only ifTthe vote was Mrs Margaret Webster) rep- 

.■'■'It » «ried in the house of dergy retary ofthn MowcmeiU forth* 

' j:'- ‘ j p jid the house of laity. The Ordination of W omen, canea 
"" ^i^otcs offfiocesantindsBffiagan . the result" “encoinBgmg^ nnd 
: « *‘V j i^ishops did not afreet : the said it indicated {g# jrany 

* ■ .'! 1 ' . ^«»xnne. v. tbe Omrrii.of EngK 1 ^ wanted 

•'.V- K&olrf*e<Jmn± rf 

so fa to aUow voting mimstiy -of wwn« ■■ 

' ^ jwinen- pricate -tb presido - at -There was, she aid, nooge^^ 

: ^^.Cdnfmtrmon has became 

jS^- 1 Mtomt of ‘resentment in the by wonren pnests from ateo^L 

Navies test 
ship that 
rides on air 

Six Nato navies have agreed 
to cooperate: in the development 
of anew type of ship nhkii rides 
on an air cnsithm. 

. Britain,. Canada, France,- 
West Germany, Spain, and the 
United- States , are to collaborate \ 
on the Snrface Ship, 

endenamed SES-200 (above) 
viddi resembles a catamaran 
with- two hails separated by 
rubber skirts that dwinc l air 
snppfied by tons. 

:The aim is to develop a test 
patrol or attack craft the^ sire of 
a corvette which wonld be more 
stable and effective in high seas 
than sSngle-hhn ships. 

The ' SES-200, a vessel 
capable of 28 knots, is a scale 
.model oT ships- over 1^00 tons 
with speeds of 50 knots. 

From Christopher Thomas 

Japan's strenuous efforts in. 
talks in Washington and Ot- 
tawa oyer recent days 10 reduce 
trade friction with the United 
States and Canada appear so ter 
to have, had only the barest 
impact on protectionist senti- 
ment in North America. 

Senior officials of all three 
countries cite substantial pro- 
gress, in the high-level talks 
towards reducing the growing 
trade imbalance between Japan 
and North America. But law- 
makers in Ottawa and Washing- 
ton, show little in clina tion to 
slow the tide of protectionist 
legislation in the face of strong 
opposition by President Reagan 
and Mr Brian Mulroney, the 
Cfttiadiiin Prime Minister. 

Mr Yasubiro Nakasone, 
Japan's Prime Minister, ad- 
dressed the Canadian Parlia- 
ment yesterday as he began the 

to ease friction on trade 

first of his di plomati c trips this 
year in advance of the critical 
seven-nation Tokyo economic 
summit of industrial countries 
in May. - 

In talks on Sunday Mr 
Mulroney was emphatic in 
reassuring Mr Nakasone that 
Canada's discussions with the 
US about fitiertrade agreement 
should not be seen by Japan as a 
threat: “The forces of protec- 
tionxsm which threaten many of 
your exports are also a threat to 
uv" Mr- Mulroney said in a 
welcoming address. “We ap- 
plaud your recent efforts to 
open ihe Japanese economy to 

The' official mood was 
equally ■ warm in talks in 
Washington last Thursday and 
Friday headed by Mr Shmtaro 
Abev the . Japanese Foreign 
Minister, who came with a new 
offer'.' tiiat . finally ended a 
dispaterivcT Japan's high tariffs 

on forest products. “It was a 
surprise to aU," a State Depart- 
ment negotiator said. 

Mr Abe met President Rea- 
gan at the White House on 
Friday, where the timber deal 
was finally settled, the last of 
four contentious trade disputes 
that has remained unsetted in 
12 months of aggressive nego- 
tiations. The two sides agreed 
that the negotiations would now 
be expanded into other indus- 

In a meeting with Mr Abe 
wrapping up the year-long talks . 
Mr George Shultz, secretary of 
State; said a great deal had been 
accomplished in tearing down 
Japanese barriers to American 
manufactured goods. He cited 
“substantial- progress'” by Japan 
as evidence of success. 

. But by for the biggest impact 
on the trade surplus between 
the US and Japan, which last 

year reached an estimated 
record of S50 billion (£33.7 
billion), will come from moves 
that began in September to 
increase the value of the yen 
against he dollar, and in 
changing the focus of Japanese 
industries 10 produce for dom- 
estic consumption rather than 1 

•_ OTTAWA; Mr Nakasone, 
said here that trade protection- 
ism could lead to the collapse of 
the worid economic order if it 
continued to develop (John Best 

Mr Nakasone, addressing a 
joint session of the Canadian 
Parliament emphasized the 
importance of trilateral co-oper- 
ation among North America, 
Western Europe and Japan “to 
cope effectively with the prob- 
lems confronting us”. 

Leading article, page 15 

focus on 

From Mohsin Ali 

Astronauts on the space 
shuttle yesterday set up a 
camera and telescopes to get the 
closest view so for of Hallev’s 

Their aim is to investigate the 
dynamical and morphological 
behaviour of the comet, now 
visible for the first time in 76 
'years, as well as its chemical 

A Nasa official said that the 
astronauts were having some 
problems with the battery image 
intensifier part of the camera. 

One astronaut will enclose 
himself in a camera shroud to 
eliminate all cabin light. For 
about 10 minutes of each 90- 
minute orbit the crew, 201 
miles above the earth, will be in 
a position to observe the comet 
while the Earth blocks out much 
of the sun's brightness. 

Columbia's five-day voyage, 
which was postponed a record 
seven times, had been nick- 
named “mission impossible”. 
But on Sunday evening it was 
being called “mission ac- 
complished" after the astro- 
nauts successfully launched a 
two-ton $50 million (£33.7 
million) RCA communications 

The satellite will beam 
television programmes to 
hotels, apartment blocks and 
other homes . 

The shuttle, whose crew 
includes a congressman Mr Bill 
Nelson, is due to return to the 
Kennedy Space Centre, Florida, 
on Friday. 

exhibitions and education, and 
Mr Christoidier Brown,' deputy 
keeper responsble for the Dutch 
school. . 

. Possible outside candidates 
are thought to include Mr 

Hie new 


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Ex-peside t among plotters 

- * ~ -4 

— . . . * *4* -■ 

Itf--’ V' 

k Add* (Reuter) - 
] {forces 'in . pro-Moscow ' Soi 

They jointly headed the-' pro- 
Sonet ..wing of the Yemen 

< V emeu -ye sterday fo iled a coop Socialist Party through several 
ganempt .to assassinate President yeats- of coups, 

I Mu hammad , accord- and counter-coups in the 1 

‘imto&e official Aden radio.. • Mr Nasir M uhammad bc- 
>. came head of state in 3978,.the» 

mnnma g Mr Aa A hm ad Nasir ceded the presidency to' TmmiT 



I An tar,. 1 who. ws&. vice-president 
’unfiT early' -last year, . ami a 
■ifttfroa*/ president, Mr Abdul- 
.Fattah ■ Ismail, were executed 

cotttTTHttce of the rutingYemca 
-Socialist Pm-ty. 

• - The radio said the capital was - 

cabruJt gave no details of-how 
the ctHjp attempt was organized, 
but said that TmperialM sad 
reactionary circles'* were behind 

-The other men executed were 
the Minister of Local Govern- 
meat Mr Ali Salijn al-Bid, and 
Mr Ali Shayi Hadi, chairman of 
the' Socialist Party higher 
control committee. Several 
other people were .reported to 
have been arrested. - 
*-..Sonth ■" Yemen, . the' farmer 
British colony of Aden, became 
independent as the People's 
Republic of South Yemen in- 
■1967; Biter a long guerrilla war. 

-In " 1970 the name was 
changed to the People's Demo- 
cratic Republic of South Yemen 
and it began to forge dose ties 
with foe Soviet Union, signing a „ 
20-year friendship treaty with 
Moscow in 1979. 
x Mr Njasir M ohammad, 

49, and Mr Ismail .were 

- When the latter retired .for 
health reasons in J98Q. Mr 
Nasir M uhammad Y Wff»TM>H the 

Mr Ismail had ‘returned home 
from self-imposed exile in 
Moscow^ last . year, and diplo- 
mats said he was pressing far 
reforms and policy changes 
In . /October Mr Nasir 
Muhammad was re-elected 
-secretary-general of the Socialist 
Party in what diplomats said 
was a political compromise. He 
was- forced to -1 expand the 
PQlifouro tO‘ Include. Mr Ismail 
and other critics. - - 
Aden -waS a' thriving free 
and the largest Bri 
base east .of Suez before 
independence.. But stagnation 
followed the British withdrawal 
and closure, of theSuez Canal 
during 'the 1967 Arab-Israfili 
war.- • - - : - 

■Now . the- -boinmy of 2. 2 
million is one of -the poorest 

Britons warned: Britons m 
South Yemen were advised 
yesterday' to stay indoors. A 
Foreign Office spokesman in 
Xxmdbii said that about 50 
Britons., .mainly construction 

of the National Labenttioir* workers; . were fiving in the 
Front which fought the British, country. 

— “.VI 


Syria tests 

/ 1 

- r 

■ T4 

■■■ r.$ 

. : A = .-.'V 

• m.'s* . 



fight it out 

Beirut (Reuter) - Lebanon's 

main nirfo fa'a™' Tnilrfia ta nnrfuvf 

a limited operation yesterday to 
isolate fighters loyal to Presi- 
dent Gemayel as he left for a 
peace summit in Damascus, 
militia sources said. 

. They said . the . Lebanese 
Forces, which has signed & 
Syrian-organized peace pact to 
end. the. civil war, had carried 
out the smaller, of two oper- 
ations, using men .from.- elite 
security tmijs. ". - ' 

Jecploads of Christian fight- 
ers raced. . into battle ' along 
Beirut's coast road hours before 

Civil Defence held a', three- ' the Damascus meeting between 
minute test ofthtrsireh^wbicb President Gemayel and Presi- 
some diplomats j.said> was . a dent Assad ofSyna. -_ . 
symbolic display of miiftaiy- . Proposals in the peace pact to 
preparedness, . " i ' i; ■ .'* >• give the Muslim majority more 

Damascus presidents -.were “power have divided the politi- 
warned without 'gphiilfon'of.' cafly dominant Christians, 
the test. in britf annOnricements Witnesses! said they saw. 

on Saturday ■ rocket-propelled grenades. 

There was "little public reac- ifecoiless anti-tank rifles, heavy 
tion to the sirens, Wfaibh did not r m a chine guns <r *“ 1 - 

- • Damascus (NYT) - Syria 

•_ tested its air . .raid sirens in 
.'.'/V? Damascus on Sunday, while 
Syrian officials . were ' issuing 
statements defending their- right 
to install anti-aircraft missiles 
on the border and in Lebanon's 
Bejfcaa region. 

-Syria is expected to mover 
mdbfie. missiles, .back 'into. 
Lehman soon, -according to 
western military and diplomatic 
sources, an action.. th«. wouM; 

Israet . ; 

For the fi at time Infrarae 
than a year, the Department of. 

reach some ports of the capital. 
The underground air raid 
shelters were not open because 
their entrances are blocked by 
mud and debris. 

An Information Ministry 
spokesman said the lest was an 
indication of Syria's commit- 
ment to help Libya militarily if 
the US or Israel attacked Libya. 
Syrian newspapers have given 
prominence to condemnations 

and '-automatic 


The Lebanese Forces, lead by 
Mr Elie Hobeflca, are estimated 
to have about 7,000 regular 
fighters and several thousand 
pdrt-time auxiliaries. 

The president is believed to 
be backed by several hundred 
fighters, concentrated in the 
mountainous Metn district, just 
north ofBrirut ' . 

The sources said the fighting 

of the US for imposing punitive successfully isolated the Meto 

sanctions against Libya '/and 
• “’33 promises of Syrian solidarity if 
-.will Libya is attacked. ' 

The siren test came only five 
days after unidentified military 
sources in Lebanon said Syrian 

from President GemayeTs pal- 
ace and also cut links between 
the palace and central . areas of 
CJinSstian feastBedrut. : 

• DAMASCUS: .- President 
Gemayel and Resident Assad 

troops had fired at least two ', began talks here seen as decisive 
Santo ground-to-air missiles -at: in Syrian efforts to end the 
xia Israeli warplanes. Israel denied Lebanese civiL war. - 

that 1ts ; plahes were fired 'em,. " Heavy security; surrounded 
while Syria made no official . President Gemayel- as he ar- 
commenL rived. 

Craxi flies into Cairo 

From John Earle, Borne 

conference including the Soviet 

They will also review Libya’s 
attribute towards terrorism and 
the Palestinian group of Abu 
NidaL Signor Craxi said in 
Milan, yesterday: “Gadaffi’s 
Libya has not disodated itself 
as it should have, and if 
anything . has confirmed its 

The prospects • for 
Middle East peace talks 
again are high on the agenda 
a meeting between Signor 
Bettino Craxi, the Italian Prime 
Minister, and President Muba- 
rak of Egypt in Cairo today. 

Signor Craxi is flying m for 
, lunch with Mr Mubarak and an 
afternoon of discussions before 
' returning to Rome in the 
’ evening 

It will be the third meeting 
between the two leaders in the 
past year, and is expected to 
cover Egypt’s dispute with 
.Israel over Taba; the chances 
for reviving the plan for peace 


Italy has not gone as far as 
the United Stales in applying 
sanctions but has banned arms 
sales and forbidden its citizens 
to replace Americans who leave 
their Libyan jobs. 

In the Italian view, dose 

international collaboration 

talks involving King Husain of against terrorism should go 
Jordan and Mr Yassir Arafat, hand in hand with efforts to 
leader of the Palestine liber- revive the peace process which 
s a tion Organization; and pros- recent Palestinian terrorist acts 
' : pects for a wider international have blocked.' 


President Reagan's envoy Dr Chester Crocker (second from right) with (from left) Mr P. W. Botha, the South African Foreign Minister, 

President Botha, and the US Ambassador, Mr Hainan Nickel, in Cape Town yesterday. 

Reagan letter may prod Botha to speed up reform 

From Ray Kennedy 
A personal letter from Presi- 
dent Reagan was handed to 
President Botha of South Africa 
yesterday by Dr Chester Crock- 
er, the United States Under- 
secretary of State for African 

It is believed that Mr Reagan 
ujrges Mr Botha to announce 
prompt and decisive steps 

towards political reform and 
towards independence for 

Dr Crocker is regarded 1 as the 
architect of President Reagan’s 
policy of "constructive engage- 
ment” with Pretoria, using 
gentle persuasion rather han 
tough sanctions to bring about 
reform, but his position in 
Washington is being threatened 
by lobbies demanding more 
forceful steps. 

Dr Crocker arrived in South 
Africa on Sunday on the heels 
of a congressional fact-finding 
mission of five Democrats and 
one - Republican. It departed 
dissatisfied with what it had 
seen, summed up by Mr 
William Gray, the mission 
leader, who said: “We leave 
with the committment that 
backing racist policies with 
American dollars is wrong.” 

There was speculation last 

night that m bis letter President 
Reagan makes a “last ditch” 
appeal to Mr Botha to make 
important announcements in 
his speech when Parliament 
opens on January 31. 

Apart from domestic reforms 
which Dr Botha has already 
foreshadowed. Washington 
expects a compromise from 
South Africa over the with- 
drawal of Cuban troops from 
Angola as a prerequisite for 

meaningful Namibian indepen- 
dence, which has been stalled 
since 1978 when South Africa 
agreed a plan formulated by the 
United Nations. 

• Appeal dismissed: A 

Supreme Court judge in Johan- 
nesburg yesterday dismissed 
with costs an appeal by Mrs 
Winnie Mandela against a 
government order barring her 
from the township of Soweta. 
She was not in court. 

Polar trek Britons reunited 
with rescued support crew 

The three young Britons who 
trekked to the South Pole in 
the footsteps of Captain Scott’s 
Ill-fated expedition yesterday 
sent bade their first meuMy 
telling at their delight at thrir 

“It was a magnificent experi- 
ence”, they said in a message 
relayed from the United Stales 
base at McMardo Sound, on 
the Antarctic coast, where the 
three men . wore reunited yester- 
day with their caDeagaes who 
were rescaed from their support: 
ship. Southern Quest, . which 
sank after being crashed in the 
polar ice at the weekend. 

The .' three Britons, Mr 
Robert -Swan, aged 28, from 
Durham; Mr Roger Mear, and 
35, from Birmingham; and Mr 
Gareth Wood, aged 33, who 
was bora in Edinburgh and now 
Eves in Canada, were reunited 
with theft expedition colleagnes 
afterbeing flown back from the 
pole in a US Hercules aircraft 
from McMurdo. 

— . Mr Mear, file co-leader of 
the trek, said, of their 883-mile, 
71-day journey: “AH went well, 
much better than expected- We 
are really pleased to be 
r eun i ted , with our support 
team.” • y. 

By Gregory Neale 

The expedition’s secretary, 
Miss Amanda Lovejoy, told 
The Times from Christchnrch 
yesterday that it was hoped 
that all 29 in the party would 
be flown back to New Zealand 
later today. 

In Loudon, one of the 
expedition's organisers, Mr 
Peter CfarfetejAersan, said 
yesterday that the venture had 
been insured and that a charge 
would be paid to the US 
authorities for the flight to 
Christchurch. “I most point ont 
that there will be no cost for the 
taxpayer, of any errantry, for 
bringing the expedition hack”,, 
he said. The rescue of the' 
Southern Quest crew had been 
a hn nm rftarian act, recognized 
as such by the US authorities, 
Mr Christopherson said. 

Lord ShacMetdn, son of toe 
Antarctic ' explorer Ernest 
Sbackletsn and one of the 
patrons of the expedition, 
described the Briton’s success 
in reaching the pole as “a jolly 
stoat effort”. 

He said he had initially been 
sceptical about the expedition's 
aims and chances of success. 
But “it turned ont to be one of 
the most prafastnonally orga- 

nized expeditions I have come 
across”, he said. 

The Foreign Office yester- 
day defended the expedition 
ggamst criticism it had 
been Aft-prepared for the 
Antarctic conditions, and 
suggestions that private ven- 
tures should be discouraged. 

“We believe it would be 
wrong to dose off Antarctica to 
well-prepared, self-sufficient 
private expeditions, such as we 
believe this one has been”, a 
spokesman said. 

The Australian Minister for 
Science, Mr Barry Jones, said 
yesterday that the environmen- 
talist organization Green- 
peace’s expedition to the 
Antarctic should be abandoned 
after the Southern -Quest’s 

But Mr Peter Wilkinson, 
leader of the mission to set up a 
base, perform scientific re- 
search and advance the cam- 
paign for the conservation of 
Antarctica as ' a “world park”, 
said by satellite link from the 
887-tonne ship Greenpeace: 
“We are not going down there 
to be heroes.” 

Mr Wilkinson said that die 
crew of 35 would turn back if 
conditions worsened- 

Iberian Euro-MPs mute 
at Strasbourg welcome 

From Jonathan Braude, Strasbourg 

Sixty Spaniards and 24 
Portuguese were greeted with 
prolonged applause in the 
European Parliament here last 
night as they took their seats in 
the first fafi session since the 
two countries joined the Euro- 
pean Community on January 1. 

They were welcomed in a 
speech in praise of democracy 
by : M Pierre Pflimlm, president 
of the Parliament, although all 
of the Euro-MPs have bear -co- 
opted from their national 

pluralist democracies were not 
very numerous. 

One small difficulty marred 
the ceremonial welcome: 
neither the Spanish nor the 
Portuguese could reply to the 

Parliamentary protocol pro- 
vides for such an honour to go 
to the -oldest member of a 
group. But the doyen d’age of 
both nations bappens to be a 
member of die Opposition. 
Parliamentary sources say 

in Spain this summer and in 
'Portugal next year. 

M Pflimlm said that the two 
countries were joining the 
European chib of free peoples al 
time when the world’s 

servative. Setter Jos6 Maria 
Lafacnte Lopez, aged 60, nor 
the Portuguese Socialist, Senhor 
Walter Riiivo Pinto Gomes 
Rosa, aged 71, could be allowed 
to speak; for fear of offending 
the ruling parties. 

Tea workers go ahead 
with prayer protest 

Colombo (Reuter) - Sri 
Lankan tea workers said yester- 

day the peace prayer campaign, 
which 'is also aimed at gaming 
citizenship rights for 400,000 
stateless workers of Indian 
origin, will go ahead from 
today. - 

The workers plan to bold 
prayers every morning for the 
next three months instead of 
working. The Ceylon Workers* 
Congress has said they will also 
pray in the afternoon unless fall 
wages are. paid. 

Tea trade sources said today 
and tomorrow were holidays on. 
the estates but production of 
tea, Sri Lanka’s biggest export -(Reuter reports). 

earner, would be disrupted if 
the campaign continued for 

The workers involved are 
descendants of Tamils, most of 
whom were brought by the 
British from south India more 
than 100 years ago to work on 
the plantations. When Sri 
Lanka gained independence 
from Britain in 1948, nearly a 
million people became stateless. 
• Truce ends: Tamil guerrillas 
attacked three military ramps in 
northern Sri Lanka, hours after 
calling off a truce but were 
repulsed, the national news 
agency Lankapuwath reported 


17 Jesuits 
held in 

By Caroline Moorehead 

At least 17Jesmts are being 
held in labour camps and 
prisons or under house arrest in 
Vietnam, a few of the thou- 
sands of people - doctors, 
lawyers, academics and mem- 
bers of the former South 
Vietnamese administration - 
detained indefinitely without 
charge or trial. 

Since a new round -up of 
Jesuits last Angnst, the number 
of Jesuit houses still open is 
thought to be down to two, one 
m Tam Ha (Thu Dnc) with a 
priest, two brothers and three 
students another in Ho Chi 
Minh City, 

Those arrested were working 
in all parte of the conn try, 
including remote country areas 
and were aware of having been 
under dose surveillance for 
some time. They include: 

Fr Nguyen Cong Doan, aged 
44, former Jesuit Superior, now 
in ■ labour camp; 

Fr Le ThanhQue, aged 52, 
accused of “serious crimes” 
and in a reeducation camp for 
political prisoners; 

Br Pham Hub Lai, aged 48, in 
Chi Hoa ja3. Ho Chi Minh 
City. Over a period of months 
in confinement his hair has 
turned completely white; 

Fr Co Tan Hung, aged 56, 
arrested for the second time 
last summer in Can Tbo, but 
present whereabouts unknown. 

Spectrum, page 22 

Opposition predicts win as crowds mob Mrs Aquino 

^ ™ J 1 " j.L. - -i^' — ■ 1 n j - 1 

From Paul Routiedge, Iloilo City _ 

Mis Corazon Aquino, the gives Mrs Aquino, widow of tiie 

opposition leader seeking to 
unseat President Marcos of the 
Philippines, captured a key 
,.- government stronghold yester- 

_ A diminutive armring figure 
riding in an open Jeep for three 
- hours, she drew crowds of tens 
of thousands in what has 
■ hitherto been regarded as the 
territory of the ruling New 
Society Movement. 

ac-accingipd opposition leader 
Benigno Aquino* .a handsome 
lead in the western Visayas 
region in the central Phifip- 

Her vice-presidential running 
partner, farmer senator Salva- 
dor Laurel, described the 
turnout at Hofloas spectacular. 

“If next month’s election is 
dean we will get at least 80 per 
cent, to 20 per cent far Marcos. 

ground for the political oppo- 
sition and, on the basis of the 
turnout, the presidenfs men 
will have to do some serious 

Mr Marcos has spoken of a 
bandwagon mentality among 
Filipino voters. The evidence 
from Iloilo is that the ban wagon 
is going tins other way. 

With no visible security 
presence, the opposition pair 
drove for mile aner ntis sodden 
mile through the city, through 
crowds that were almost hys- 

Vponers for the umpteen' 
y i “Wecatfllose.” ■ 

. — agrees. According to a 1 
*?*. an armed forces survey 

10,000 people waited several 
hours in the late evening for a 
20-minute appearance by Mrs 
Aquino on an open-air stage. 
They listened in silence as she 
told of her anguish at the death 
of her husband, who was shot at 
Manila airport when he re- 
turned from exile in August 

They applauded when die 
named President Marcos as 
“number one suspect” in the 
assassination and again when 
she said life had become cheap 
during the 20 years ofhis rule. 

Her parting shot was: 
“Nimoy (Aquino’s nickname; 

.mCV I , 

Moody confrontation. 

Pansy, the - island where the 
opposition has spent three days 
of ra countrywide barnstorming 

' : . ■ ... At 

teams to test consumer reaction 
to products such as. beer and 

Yesterday it was a proving 


- Not content with standing in 
the rein most of the afternoon, 

laid down his life to bring 
democracy to this country. I am 
ready to do all I can and if need 
be l will give my life.” 

Shultz runs 
into flak 
from angry 

From Trevor Flshlock 
New York 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, ran into a 
protest by angry writers at the 
opening of the forty-eighth 
international conference of PEN 
in New York. Two walked out 
when he started to speak and 
others booed and hissed when 
he praised the Reagan Adminis- 

There were sounds of disap- 
proval when he said that the 
writers and the Administration 
“have more in common that 
yon think”. 

He said that the Adminis- 
tration, “more than any this 
century is committed in philos- 
ophy and feet to reducing the 
intrusion of government into 
the lives, minds and livelihood 
of the individual. Don't be 
surprised that Ronald Reagan 
and I are on your side”. 

A number of PEN members 
were annoyed that Mr Shultz 
was invited. Sixty-five signed a 
Tetter to him complaining that 
the Administration supports 
governments that imprison and 
torture citizens for their beliefs. 
They also complained that the 
State Department, under Mr 
Shultz's leadership, had ex- 
cluded writers from the US 
under the McCarran-Walter acL 
That law, a legacy of the 
McCarthy era, empowers the 
State Department to ban foreign 
writers holding communist or 
anarchist beliefs. 

Mr E. L. Doctorow. the 
novelist, who was one of the 
signatories of the letter writes in 
the latest edition of the Nation 
that “Mr Shultz's government 
has been conscientious in hs 
application of the ideological 
exclusion provisions of the act." 
He says PEN betrayed itself by 
inviting Mr Shultz. 

Norman Mailer, the presi- 
dent of PEN, apologized to Mr 
Shultz for “the silly bad 
manners” of protesters. He said 
no foreign writer who wanted to 
attend the conference has been 
denied an American visa. 
Referring to the McCarrau- 
Waller Act, Mr Shultz said “we 
will never deny access to 
anyone because of the beliefs he 

French arrest 
Swiss police 

Mulhouse, France (AP) - 
Three Swiss police officers were 
arrested by French gendarmes 
after pursuing a car carrying 
Yugoslav gypsy youths across 
the border, shooting and woun- 
ding three. 

After eight hours in the cells 
here, the Swiss were taken back 
to the border and their firearms 

Jobs quota 
ends in 

From Michael Binyon 

After months of public ! 
wrangling, the Reagan Adrainis- J 
tration has reached an uneasy 
compromise on the contro- 
versial “affirmation action* 
guidelines on the employment 
of women and blacks: Govern- 
ment employers are to be set! 
voluntary goals instead of strict 
racial quotas. 

The agreement, details of 
which are yet to be completed, 
is a partial victory for Mr Edwin 
Meese. the combative Attorney 
Genera], who has been calling 
for the abolition of the 1965 
order by President Johnson 
setting up affirmative action. 

Mr Messe and other con-: 
servatives say that the order I 
discriminates unfairly against 
whites, and have pointed to 
recent court cases that outlaw 
reverse discrimination. 

He has been opposed sharply 
by Mr William Brock, the 
Labour Secretary, whose depart- 
ment administers the pro- 
gramme for Government con- 
tractors. Civil rights groups and 
minority leaders have also 
protested vehemently against 
any relaxation, and the issue 
became one of the most divisive 
and politically sensitive in the 

President Reagan, though 
inclined to side with Mr Meese, 
has tried hard to improve his 
low standing among blacks. The 
White House delayed a decision 
after deadlock in the Cabinet in 
October, but with most blacks 
now backing the President, 
according to the latest poll, the 
Administration has found a 
formula for moving away from 
rigid quotas. 

The rules, affecting some 
1 5,000 companies employing 23 
million workers at 73,000 sites, 
require contractors to set 
numerical goals for the hiring 
and promotion of women and 
minorities deemed victims of 
past discrimination - blacks, 
Hispanics and American In- 

But they did not apply to 
other minority groups, such as 
Jews and Orientals, many of 
whose leaders opposed, quotas 
bitterly. There are several 
federal penalties on companies 
falling short of the goals. 

Mr Meese said on Sunday 
that President Johnston's order 
was never in tented to set up 

Mr Bradford Reynolds, the 
assistant Attorney General told 
heads the civil rights division, 
says that racial preferences are 
the “very essence" of discrimi- 
nation. They mock the inten- 
tion of civil rights leaders of the 
1960s, who struggled to en- 
shrine principles of equal 





WASHINGTON, (Reuter) - 
The US believes at least some 
Americans may still be held 
prisoner in Indochina, two 
high-ranking officials said yes- 

They said a US delegation 
had told Hanoi in talks last 
week that the issue was 
President Reagan's greatest 

Vietnam denies holding any 
Americans but the officials said 
in seperate television interviews 
that about 100 reports of 
Americans being seen alive in 
Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia 
held up under scrutiny. “That 
tremendous volume of infor- 
mation . . . leads us to believe 
that there may indeed be some 
.Americans held against their 
will,” Mr Richard Armitage. 
.Assistant Secretary of Defence, 

Hindus to rally 
against Pope 

Delhi (AFP) - A leading 
Hindu organization is planning 
protests here and in Bombay 
against next month's visit by 
the Pope, who, it claims plans 
to convert 200,000 Hindus to 

Vikram Savarkar, of the AJ1 
India Hindu Grand Council, 
said he had written to the 
Vatican seeking assurance that 
there would be no conversions. 

Flight vanishes 

Bogota (Reuter) - A helicop- 
ter carrying scientists on an 
inspection flight of Colombia's 
Nevado del Ruiz killer volcano 
vanished after sending a May 
Day message On Friday. 

Rape charges 

Jerusalem - Two men aged 
18 and 23 were remanded in 
custody charged with raping a 
17-year-old British girl, who 
was not named, in an alley in 
the old city of Jerusalem late cn 
Sunday night as she left l- 
nightclub with a friend. 

Holy row 

West Milford, New Jcrse;> 
(AP) - A monk's body has been 
in temporary storage a; a 
mausoleum for almost two 
years because his brethren in an 
inconventional Catholic sect are 
fighting the refusal of town 
officials to allow burial dose to 
the monastery. 

Terror suspect 

-rj*' v;! 

New clues in riddle of 
murdered dealer 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Fresh leads have emerged in was killed before be could do so. 

The police are also following 
up other leads, including an 
apparent arms channel to 
Honduras and possibly Nica- 
ragua. It has emerged that an 
American associate of Mr i 
Mendez now living in Switzer- 

the mysterious killing of a 
Belgian arms manufacturing 
executive, pointing to possible 
links with international drug 
trafficking and illegal arms 
dealing in Latin America. 

But Belgian police are still far 

Annelie Becker, aged 31, an 
alleged member of West Ger- 
many's outlawed Red Army 
Faction (RAF) urban guerrilla 
group, who was arrested in 
Hanover yesterday. Miss 
Becker will appear in court 
today on charges of belonging 
to a terrorist organization. 

Inflation loser 

La Paz (AFP) - Seoor 
Guillermo Bed regal Gutierrez, 
the so-called “brain" behind 
Bolivia's drastic austerity who 
slowed 20,000 per cent inflation 
to a crawl resigned as Planning 
Minister after prices rocketed 
skyward again. 

Dateline Space 

New York (AP) - Waller 
Cronkite. the former news 
anchorman for CBS, who will 
be 70 in November, said he’s fit 
enough to play a vigours game 
of tennis, is making a pitch to 
become the first journalist ir. 
travel in space. t 

Rebel attack 

Lisbon (API -■ Mozambique's 
South African-backed rebel 
group claimed its guerrilla 
forces captured the central city 
of Marromcu and destroyed the 
country's largest sugar mill, 
killing 235 Mozambican and 
Zimbabwean troops. 

Showroom blast 

Wuppertal, West Germany 
(Reuter) - A bomb exploded at 
a Daimler-Benz car showroom, 
causing £6,000 worth of damage 
but no injuries. At least three 
Daimler-Benz dealerships were 
targets of a bombing campaign 
last autumn. 

from solving the murder, which land, who bad exported arms to fplwifTI 

rrtTitinnpc tn intrimtA Rpltrian nioc at I ^ L v vvA “ 

continues to intrigue Belgian 

Mr Juan Mendez Blaya, a 
naturalized Belgian bom in 
Madrid, was found murdered in. 
his locked car about 12 miles 
from Brussels last Tuesday on 
the motorway to Namur. There 
were six bullets in the body. 

He was a senior executive in 
the national arms company, 
Fabrique Nationals HeretaL, 
known as FN, the supplier to 
Naio of the standard FN rifled 
There are reports in the 
Belgian press that he had beat 
about to give the .authorities 
information about his Hnlre 
with iifeffli arms dealing but 

Honduras, was arrested at 
Thionvifle on the Belgian- 
French b,?der recently. 

The associate’s car allegedly 
contained weapons as well as 
secret arms documents. 

Documents relating to arms 
manufacture and export to 
Honduras have allegedly been , „ . , 

found in raids on Mr Mendez's! Krn 7 PH flCnilKr 
clow colleagues, one of whom I " 1 

Melbourne (Reuter) - A 
replica of the famed MG-TD 
British sports car built between 
1949 and 1953 is to be produced 
in Australia by the Marshall Car 
Company with a Japanese 

colleagues, one of whom ( 
has just returned fr om Venezue- ! 

A retired policeman involved 
four years ago in an investi- 
gation of the linlu between arms 
company officials and drugs 
was detained on Friday but 

Elsinore, Denmark (Reuter) - 
Four Soviet diplomats with 
fishing rods but apparently no 
fishing licence were escorted off 
thin ice on a frozen lake in 
northern Zealand adjacent to a 
radar station after police sum- 
moned rescue services. 


Formula for Taba sovereignty 

Threat by Peres pushes 
Israel towards 

„ • .. 
>■ r- • 

new talks with Egypt 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Israel is at last ready to was in keying with ideas East peace process and should 
resume the peace process with already agreed at official level encourage King Husain of 
^ fJ5 r ; «2. car rL ei ^ lt 'r ,ears a ** cr Egypt- Jordan to press on with his 

H 1 ® Treaty wa f The directons-general of the efforts 10 settle toe Palestinian 

Israefi Prime SSs offia Problem. 

ooLt^SSfifri Fore ^ Ministry are to Mr Pens emerged from the 
document iravd to Cairo, proteibly this meeting yesterdav to announce 

to SW?" SB that: “The state of Israeli 
mg^ dgrences between the negotiation and to discuss an victor.” But in &ct he has 

i /jut 


v - T-if 

§ggm #§#8lillp 



iW^un :?v 


% ••••••• -• 

that: “The state of Israel is the 
victor.” But in fact he has 

P- . A . y-. r -: S 

early meeting between Mr Peres scored a personal triumph over 

If Mr cfctmATi “iccung Deiween Mr reres ******* *» VCT 

£***■«“ ^ 

uuue5 to nave ms way, tne FgvnL 
whole package, based for inter- 
national*] arbitration over the 
disputed resort of Taba, could SI 
be signed by the time be is due 
step down as Prime Minister in ’ UK 
October. 5 TAI 

The document was eventu- ^ " 
ally agreed unanimously just 
before 7 am yesterday by the 10 
members of the inner cabinet es* 
alter a difficult and often angry 
session lasting more than 12 
bourn. - -/ - - 

Mr Peres had given a warning 30 ml 

before the meeting that he was c — 
ready to dissolve the coalition if 
no agreement emerged. His Neit 





He had understood t h a t 
Egypt would allow no progress 
at all until Israel was prepared 
to accept arbitration over 
sovereignty of Taba, on the 
Gulf of Aqaba. Mr Shamir, on 
the other hand, argued rhar 
sovereignty had to be settled by 
conciliation rater th^r> by 
imposed arbitration. 

The long inner cabinet 
meeting, like one lasting six 
hours on Thursday, centred -on 
persuading Mr Shamir and his 
group to accept the principle of 
arbitration. They have so, 
in return for ah undertaking 

... . ><. «*■ 



A conservative, 

kicked and stock - ia F rank fort 
by trade uniomsts prbusstiiu 
against the Government's pro. 
posed flew strike; Jaw: It was 

benefit being 

.»• workers 

A sentry watching over the disputed border with Egypt at Taba on the Gulf of Aqaba. Israel agreed yesterday that the 
issue of sovereignty of the resort could go to International arbitration. 

no agreement emerged. His . Neither Mr Mubarak nor Mr that it ^ be usedr* rW 
threat concentrated the mind of Peres has any reasonto drag out coSiliation. which^l 
Mr Yitehak Shamir, the likud the negotiations the Egyptian 
leader due to take oyer as prune leader knows it will be more - At the same 
mimster only if the government difficult to reach agreement if agree to re-arrooint aresidS 
survives unm October. MrShamir Mr . K£££!S^ **?£? 

as President piits his country first 

From Sue Branford, Sio Paulo 

Mr Pens stayed in close touch hand over to Mr Shamir, wants tourism, civil aviation, culture 
by telephone with the Egyptian the deal completed .to help him SFSiiiSd SJdto 

chaigfi d'afiairesto Israel, Mr to become undisputed leader. K 
Mohammed Bassioum. to make A successful outcome would financial comDensatioiL ahont 
sure that the final document also unbldck the staUcd^Middle ToSbS^f 

Sinai murderer hanged 
himself coroner finds 

Cairo - Egypt's chief. coroner several Arab countries hailed presenting evidence which it 
yesterday dismissed charges'. • him as a' hob.' When he was says shows that British map 
that the policeman who killed found hanged from his cell makers in 1906 placed Taba 
seven Israeli tourists had been- ariudow, the -Egyptian .Govern- ' inside the present Israeli bor- 
mordered. and said he Took his meat ' said he -had killed ders, predating the 1917 line 
own life (Renter reports), . himself. . But his family and 
“I am absolutely convinced opposition politicians suspected ® CAIRO; Israel s decision to 
that It was sricide," Mr .Star. go to international arbitration 

seven Israelis by an Egyptian 
policeman in Sinai. 

Although the principle of 
arbitration has been conceded 
for the first time, much 
argument clearly lies ahead 
about Taba. Israel will insist on 
presenting evidence which it 
says shows that British map . 
makers in 1906 placed Taba 

own life (Renter reports),. . 

“I am absolutely ' convinced 
that it was suicide,” Mr 
Ibrahim Selim said after a post 
■mortem examination on Ser- 
geant Suleiman Khater, aged 
25, who was found hanged in a 
military prison hospital last 

Sgt Khater, a law student, 
was doing military .'servicer in. 
Sinai as a security policeman 
when he shot dead-, seven 
Israelis, four of them children, 
near Noweiba on the Gulf of 
Aqabd. ” •*, •* • ' 

A military court last month 
sentenced him tft hard ’labour 
for life and commentators in 

ders. predating the 1917 line 

• CAIRO: Israel's decision to 
go to international arbitration 
has been greeted cautiously but 

Mr Selim said that the generally opti.stically. Govem- 
examination showed no sign of ment officials say that Israel has 

toxic elements, sedation or made a major step towards 
drugs. The body:, showed no improving moribund relations 

signs of resistance, and “Khat- 
er should have been clinically 
dead .five ..seconds .after he 
hanged himself,” be said. 

:31m.. deputy chief coroner, 
Mr Mohamed el-Iraqi, showed 
journalists a 5ft strip of 
cmUdaflage' 'doth, tosed by 
prisoners as a bed cover, which 
he said SgtKhater had u&ed to 
hang himself. 

President Mubarak's chief 
political advisor, Mr Osama el- 
Baz, reacted cautiously about 
the return of an Egyptian 
ambassador, saying that “we 
have-not come to that yet. If the 
Israeli response reported in the 
media proves to be true, the 
next stage will be negotiating 
.details of arbitration”. 

Leading article, page 15 

Asked just before Christmas 
what was his mam worry for 
1986, President Jos£ Saruey of 
Brazil did not reply, as might 
have been expected, “The 
foreign debt”. . instead- ■ be 
stated, without hesitation: “In- 
flation and agrarian reform.” 

This apparent lack of con- 
cern over the debt might seem 
remarkable, particularly as 
Brazil is now involved in 
difficult lalkc with its creditors 
over a large rescheduling. But 
this would be to ignore the 
important change in ecmaimk 
policy that has occurred since 
the civilian Government came 
to power last March - the 
reversal of priorities. Under the 
mflftary, the key economic 
objective was to service the 
foreign debt, whatever the 
social cost Today, Brazil 
comes first. 

This change did not occur 
overnight It took sporadic 
rioting in the cities, the growth 
of urban violence, the swelling ■ 
of the shanty towns and the 
growing signs of maln utri tion . 
to convince most Brazilians, 
from all social classes, that the 
country could not go on 
imposing recession to pay the 
foreign bankers. 

■ ? . -.■T— ' 1 V . ■ “ ' spending spree, celebrating the 

ord, Sao Panlo .. - end of the four-year recession. 

.• Wth inflatio n reaching 1X4* 
People, firmly believe that ' .per cent in December, there are 
with no system of social welfare signs that the economy may be 
and with the poptilaikih grow- ’ over-heating:- * 

ing each year by about; three. 
motion. - the ' economy; mast' 
expand by .at least 5]>er cent a 
year. Many, fear that unless 
poverty is refieveit shaarty-tbwn 
dwellers, and. landless peasants-' 
could one day rise up in revolt: 
and overcome the established 
order. It would be- the Bra zili a n 
version of the Iranian' revolu- 
tion. ' . . . 

. They say that' if this new 
concern for domestic develop- 
ment leads evesttafly to- * 
conflict with bankers, over. debt, 
servicing, then so be it U would 
be the lesser of two evils: . 

For the time being, however, 
the Government befieves thar it 
can successfully avoid trouble 
on afl fronts by both keeping 
the economy growing and 
producing a large enough trade 
surplus to pay the interest on 
the debt Though such a' feat 
runs counter to International 
Monetary Fund orthodoxy;. 
Brazil achieved it last year and. 
hopes to poll it off again tills 

^The risk of 'demand-induced 
inflation has .increased as the 
result of the severe drought 
that has destroyed about a 
quarter of the next harvest in 
thei main farming region aid. 
has led to water rationing in 
S$o Panlo, thc country's largest 



city. The price of coffee,* one of 
the 7 most severely, affected 
crops,! has already risen steep- 
ly. In this land of coffee, tea is 
becoming the staple drink 
among the poor. . * 

But the. competent economic 
team, headed by the Finance 
Minister, Seuhor Dflson 
Funaro, is cautiously confident. 
It believes that soon demand , 
will drop, as tim fiscal budget, 
approved by Congress in early 

TheGovenunent dnmstbat 
by March inflation wflt hA*e . 
stabilized at around 10 per cefit v 
a mphth. If ft does not, and Che 
economy ; slides . into hyper- 
inflation,- as 'some economists 
predict, flie&.the Government 
may have -no option but to 
impose austerity, - however 
unpopular. In this case, the 
International Monetary Fund ' 
would have the last.laiiglt.' 

•• The drought .faR$ . abq : . con- 
tributed to Prewhaat Sarney's i 
other concMn — -ffie tend 
question. At'-- least. 200,000 
seasonal labonrera'aie out of 
work because Of flie drought. A 
few of the state governments 
have set up . work fronts; to - 
employ some of those ^mt of a * 
job in simple cbastrnctioa tasiks 
urinsiwMtibaMhg. ~ 

And here the Government's 
record' is : very disappointing. 
•Last . year big buribwin* 
organized a powerful counter; 
offensive : which .successfully, 
drew the teeth of the agrarian 
reform- peng ripy w^- teB Metot 
with nmdr pridk^yjtast Mfii}^. 
Gwmp s-^t flgtrated^^^ri g 

country^ How President barney ' 
vriti tockfe this oompfer- ' 


I **:*■'**} i :**■ 

tj-.r-i rrm n ^ 

W--.A 1 1 > L-j 

»; itj • • 

ar. . . December, begins tn Mte, The '.wffl tackfe thfe eomfttetrpi 

Biit there are problems. In . ' Government will import food to. li™ » 
the ran-np to Christmas the make op for shortages caused 1 .-^lknoWHS- T^. v '/. T’S&r- 
middle classes went mi fh. by the drought •' - ^ 


cottimed to token dayshercand 
tbeve.'- ' • : "• 

"The.* dispute arises out of a 
Strike- which. IG -Metall^ ' orga- 
nized, in the motor iodustty in 
1984. By cafliug put its workers 
in a Jew components fectories, 
te iyiioii was able to paralyse 
the manufacture of pars while 
ensdrihg that Jts-r toembers 
thrown out of-wotk ia* the rest 
of the industry itdrived unem- 
ployment benefit: ; ’ / 

That saved the .union a 
forttme ra strike pay hut would 
.be' stopped fay the-proposed new 
bfw.’-L: . •• 

. The^ politician wbo was 
feikedipnd punched' was Herr 
WaJicgyallmann, the Christian 
Derpbcritt mayor of Frankfurt. 
Hc*wa5 httecked on Saturday as 
“ i. his reception 
over a function 


;*' , ••• >•« 


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*; .'t-V'-C- 

- ' ‘ -- •-• v-’ 

.. r^V ■ .-•' •-r'v •• 

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rsvVfeNr.:* .1 . 

r*^ 5 ** ’*r 

* 2=jw n N« 


0> ■ I agree. Nursing should be run by nunes 

iicue acnu lu uic iwyai uuucgc ul tuning 

Petition, '20 Cavendish Sq., London W1M OAB. 



i . 

We would argue that in many places, cost-cutting 
is being carried out at the patients’ expense. 

Because, whilst we agree that administrators 
can run hospitals, we don’t believe that they can 
run nursing. 

More and more Health Authorities are appoint- 
ing executives: , at the same time, they are depriving 
nurses of any meaningful management role. 

The results could be frightening. 

Imagine a hospital where the nurses have no say 
at all in the choice of beds or other equipment. Where 
nursing staff can advise on patient care, but can’t take 
any decisions. Where a matter of life and death can 
become a matter of pounds and pence. A hospital 
where the patients’ spokesman has lost her voice. 

Now stop imagining. 

Because this is what’s starting to happen in 
Health Authorities throughout the country. 

As the protector of nursing standards, the Royal 
College of Nursing is appalled. 

•There must be a better way. 

We want to see a director of nursing appointed 
in every health unit in Britain. 

Someone with the power, and the nursing ex- 
perience to make health, care more effective. • 

Whilst - the administrator concentrates on 
making it more cost-efficient. 

Wfe think that Miss Nightingale would agree 
with usl If you do too, please add your name to our 
petition by sending us the.; coupon. 

And, if you’re as worried as we are, please write 
to your Member of Parliament now (the address is 
the House of Commons, Westminster, London, 

Over a century ago, Florence Nightingale 
brought to nursing a degree of professionalism, com 
mitment and care that has been its hallmark ever since 

As a result, thousands of little children grew up 
wanting to be nurses. 

Today, many of the children who did become 
nurses are wishing they hadn't 

Because since the Griffiths Report, nurses are 
increasingly being treated like children. 

The Griffiths Report recommended major 
changes in the way that the National Health Service 
is run. Chief among them is the idea that it can be 
made more cost-effective by employing managers from 
the business world. 

Who pays? 

nurse on the right is being 






Dad (BBC2) was 
upon a familiar premise 
oF-ftuarotogyw that foe United 
Asn&tetn bas been colonized by 
5* Sonet Union; but it took a 
snnke of genius to transform 
tnat idea from melodrama into 
In Londongrad of 1599 
fd* Sound of Music is a 
toraaosfen film- (proving that 
c °f n «iinfein is not ail bad), the 
5“*8was orders have been 
solved and thfire are bill- 
proclaiming “Glory to 
J* nt feh Beetroot Collectives”. 
One needed only to have seen 
Sne Lswley read die news, and 
the lUosJon would have been 

A family with the promising 
*»”* of Dudgeon seem to bear 
™ e brant of all and the 
script-writers, Ian Davidson and 
Peter Vincent, have performed 
something of a miracle in 
inciting domestic comedy from 
such a bleak situation. “There 
are satellites out there list ening 
to every word yon say", explains 
Reg Du dgeon (George Cole), 
gestnring vagel; in the direction 
of what in lappler circnro- 
stances would be described as a 
back garden. “Go out there and 
apologise to the sky." 

It is a heady mixture, 
especially when the vocabulary 
of Newspeak issues through the 
cockney braggadocio of Mr 
Cole: it is as if Winston Smith 
had been mingled with Sam 



Musee du Luxembourg 

Paris galleries 

Pierre Balmain: Qoarante 
annees de creation 

Palais Galliera 

Le Bateau blanc/ 
Achilla CastigBoni/ 
Henri Laurens /Adami 
Centre Georges Pompidou 

Weller, allowing Inst room for a 
small particle of Mrs Malaprop 
as welL This is a union in 
heaven, or at least the fictional 
version of that place, and so far 
above the level of conventional 
situation comedy on television 
that it is something* of 

A slightly more satirical 
element intrudes from time fa 
time - there was a moment when 
the Gudgeon child, who might 
have come straight from Grunge 
Hitt, is taught to hate “Marga- 
ret Thatcher, the Gang of One 
in an almost Liverpudlian 
manner - and one hopes for 

Horizon (BBC2) its 

fine tradition of tnrnfo^ medical 
education into popnlar . enter- 
tainment with Genesis, a study 
of tiie little gene which means so 
much to yon and me. The 
pictures were extraordinary 
as always, they did not so much 
illustrate a theme as become the 
theme. Actually to see an 
embryo developing stage by 
stage is to acquire a knowledge 
of it quite different from, 
anything to be found in a text- 

Perhaps appropriately, to ease us into 
the new year, most of the major shows 
on in Paris at the moment concern 
themselves primarily with the lighter 
and more decorative side of art. This is 
not, of course, to denigrate in any way 
the amount of blood, sweat and tears 
which goes into the decoration of an 
ocean liner, the elaboration of display 
pieces of an glass, or - least of all, you 
might say - the designing and 
production of a new collection by an 
important Paris couturier. But some- 
how the fe el in g lingers that concen- 
tration oh such things does not stretch 
us as much as a head-on encounter with 
great painting or sculpture. 

Even so, names like Galle and 
Balmain a re not sneezed at The 
GaHe show at the Musee du Luxem- 
bourg until February 2 is indeed given 
the complete master treatment: it is 
said to be the largest collection of his 
work in three fields of activity, 
ceramics, furniture and above all 
ever assembled, it is equipped with a 
scholarly and authoritative catalogue in 
the best tradition of the Reunion des 
musics nationaux, and it is, quite 
rightly, rigorous in its exclusion of the 
commercial Galle lines which con- 
tinued to be manufactured for some 30 
years after his death in 1904. What 
emerges from this firm limitation, 
oddly enough, is a Galle pushed much 
further back into the nineteenth 
century than one would have expected. 

The ceramics, for example, demon- 
strate a number of historicist leanings - 
some flirt discreetly with japonisme, 
others evoke classic Delft or majolica 
or French rococo - but hardly anything 
suggests Art Nouveau. The furniture 
too begins quite traditionally as far as 
structure- is concerned: at first typical 
panels of fin de sidde ztiarquetry are 
applied to decidedly hefty, Victorian 
forms, and only into the Nineties does 
the sinuous line come to do minate the 
shape of the piece as a whole. Even the ' 
glass works its way through a number 
of traditional styles before it ends up, 
especially in some of die monumental 

The life of luxury: impression of the Conte di Savour from Le Bateau blanc 

exhibition pieces, as recognizably the 
Galle that collectors of an glass so 
enthusiastically seek out. 

Really, the show is as mush as 
anything a study in development 
(elaborately documented with source 

( material, original d^jgri* and such), 
and in that respect it is admirably done, 
giving us one of the clearest pictures 

ever of what disparate elements went 
into the great melting pot of Art 
Nouveau. . as well as idling us 
sufficiently, if not so generously as one 
might hope, what came cat at the other 
end of the process. 

Galle died at the height of his career, 
with many developments dread of him 
that we can only guess at. ou 

the other hand, matia^ri u> outlive 
such competitors as Christian Dior and 
Jacques Fath by more thaq 20 years, 
and the memorial show at the Palais 
Galliera until April 6 celebrates 
' Quarante annees de creation. It is not 
quite sure that such a long and 
successful career altogether becomes 
him: had he died around the same time 
as Dior we would probably be 
regretfully hypothesizing wonderful 
later achievements which in the event 
never quite emerged. Or so this show 
leaves one feeling; one of the many chic 
young women beadily appraising it 
when I was there brusquely dismissed it 
as “line grande deception”, and it is 
hard totally to disagree. 

There are wonderful things in it, of 
course. Mostly rather early, though. 
Some of the first dresses in the display, 
cunning variations* on that little basic 
black that is always supposed to be the 
touchstone of Paris style, are brilliantly 
simple and subtle. Rather later, when 
he really lets rip with some of the more 
extravagant creations of the Sixties, 
which take ou an almost science-fic- 
tional air with their exaggerated and no 
doubt inconvenient details, bouffant in 

the most unlikely places, something 
really memorable results. But against 
that must be set the unfortunate results 
of the “synthetics revolution”, which 
leaves many of his pieces from the 
Swinging Sixties looking rather shoddy 
now, ana of catering to too many royal 
ladies from Europe and Asia (about the 
nearest he gets to our own seems to be 
Lady Spencer) with results, often, of 
singular vulgarity masquerading as 
l&vishness. Presumably Balmain got 
what he wanted, which, as Goethe 
remarked, is the only thing worse than 
not getting what yon want. 

There is the usual scattering of minor 
sideshows presented by the Mus&e 
national ifart moderne side of the 
Centre Pompidou operation: a delight- 
ful collection of Cubist collages by 
Henri Laurens, with related sculptures 
and constructions (until February 16); a 
retrospective devoted to Valerio Adami 
(until February 10). whose chief 
interest to British observers - whether 
he or Patrick Caulfield first thought of 
the stylistic traits of flat mechanical 
colour and bold outline they have in 
common - becomes a matter of hardly 
even academic interest . when one 
observes the tasteless banality of the 
pretentious ends to which Adami puts 
them. But for once the main attention- 
getters are two shows sponsored by the 
other half of Beanbourg. the Centre de 
Crtation IndustricUe, exploring two 
rather different aspects of twentieth- 
century Italian design. 

The CD tends to get cold-shouldered 

because most of its shows are right on 
- the fringes of art - rather like, on a 
much smaller scale, the shows of the 
Boilerbonse Project in London. But one 
would have to be very starchy indeed 
not to warm to Le Bateau blanc (until 
February 10), which celebrates the 
naval constructions of Trieste from 
1925 right up to date. This means, in 
practice, a lot ofluxury liners from the 
inter-war years and very little else. 
Happily, many original designs and 
artists* renderings for the interiors of 
such Moderne masterpieces as the 
Cali lea, the Conte di Savoia and the 
Oceania seem to have survived, along 
with extensive photographic records, so 
that the look and feel of a pre-war 
cruise can be vividly recreated. 

The other Italian designer featured, 
Achille Castfafioni (until February 3), 
brings us firmly up to oar own day.' .The 
show, subtitled “du design au ready- 
made” (French as she is now spoke), 
covers Castiglkmi's multifarious activi- 
ties from the Fifties. to the Eighties in 
exhibition design, practical furniture, 
domestic machinery and the general 
reordering of our day-to-day lives. 
Some of it looks like High Tech before 
the fact, but is none the worse for that. 
The ultimate pronouncement of The In 
and Out Book is “A dean girt is an In 
gill”, and CastiglionTs clean, unclut- 
tered look, tike Balmain’s little basic 
black, never goes completely out of 

John Russell Taylor 


Glamorous polish 

Jerry’s Girls 

St James, New York 

Jerry’s Girls is the kind of 
Broadway show my fellow 
theatre-lover Lowbrow relishes. 
Low most enjoys musicals with 
star p erfo rm ers, good-looking 
choruses, hummable tunes, 
attractive sets and costumes, 
some good jokes, a bit of 
sentiment, ana a lot of Broad- 
way polish. Jerry's Girls has it 

A revue of songs by Jerry 
Herman, whose best known 
musicals arc Hello Dotty!. 
Mame and La Cage auxfoues, • 
Jerry's Girls has three female 
stars, eight beauteous chorus- 
girls, and one gorgeous onstage 
pianist. They are dressed by 
Florence KJoiz in costumes 
from kibbutz shorts to tum-of- 
thc-century frills, but most 
gloriously m an array of modem 
outfits which make the revue 
qualify for entertainment purely' 
as a fashion show. 

My favourite was Leslie 
Uggams’s ensemble of orange 
silk slacks, with a sliver-glit- 
tered orange bodice and jacket, 
but I could equally kill for her 
white suit with periwinkle 
blouse or for Chita Rivera’s 
elegant grey gown with silver 
glitter. Hal Tine's minimalist 
settings - a staircase here, a 
gazebo outline there, a V- . 
shaped silver hanging which 
complements Miss Rivera's 
gown - against a fiat backdrop 



TTi# Comotasaur Gritoy 

14/16 HtfdnAraida 
London SW1X8JT 
T«fc 01-2*5 ®431 

where Tharoa Musser’s lighting 
changes colours, creates sil- 
houettes. highlights and spot- 
lights, often turn the show into 
a visual feast 

With orchestrations tending 
towards a 1930s-40s band 
sound, the most consistent style 
is reminiscent of the sophisti- 
cated nightclubs which faded 
out in the postwar years. In 
many striking tableaux, the 
show resurrects the image of 
glamour Broadway once 

Leslie Uggams. Chita Rivera 
and Dorothy Loudon constitute 
the Three Amuses - respec- 
tively of song, dance and 
comedy. Miss Uggams wraps 
her voice around ballads such 
as “It Only Takes & Moment” 
and “If He Walked into My 
Life” and the anthem “I Am 
What I Am” tike a velvet cloak. 
Miss Rivera dances “Before the 
Parade Passes By” as if she were 
the whole band, and in “So 
Long, Dearie” twirls her purse 
tike an Olympic gymnast's 
ribbon. Miss Loudon is irre- 
pressible as a cocktail pianist 
who hates requests for “Hello 
Dolly”, a Mame who cannot 
hear her own tittle song, a pilot 
who steers her craft backwards. 
The director, Larry Alford, and 
the choreographer, Wayne 
C Lien to, give the stars and the 
chorus ample chances to shine; 
in a few instances, too many. 

A bit about an ageing chorine 
with sagging breasts and a song 
about bigotry wisely cut from 
La Cage mix folles are in poor 
taste; they may have intended 
to gel off on the right feet but 
lodged them firmly in their 
mouths. Jerry’s Girts is not a 
great show, but it is what it calls 
itself, “a Broadway entertain- 
ment”. and one with com- 
panionable sparkle. 

The “amuse” of comedy*, the irrepressible Dorothy Loudon (centre) 

Holly H31 

The Holywell Piano Quartet’s 
Purcell Room concert was a 
pleasure from start to finish; the 
three string players - Kate 
Bailey. Daniel Lyness and 
Stephen Wilson - are excellent 
in their variously characterized 
ways, and Margaret Ozanne’s 
piano could sparkle more but is 
fluent and accurate. The odd 
moment in Fame’s C minor 
Quartet needed a little more 
room to breathe - the start to 
the first movements develop- 
ment section, for instance - but 
the sombre beauty of the 
Adagio was memorably unfold- 
ed, and Frank Bridge’s Phantasy 
Piano Quartet was handled with 
a poised and restrained inten- 
sity which was entirely convinc- 
ing. On this form a successful 
future would be no more than 
these players deserve. 

A violin and piano recital by 
the American duo Charles 

London debuts 



Ubove and Nina Lugovoy in the 
Wigmore Hall provided a 
chance to hear Prokofiev's First 
Violin Sonata, written for 
David Oistrakh at the height of 
his powers and accordingly 
brimming with huge difficulties. 
Libove’s account of the piece 
showed a commanding ap- 
proach to the instrument and a 
nonchalant-sounding mastery 
of the fiendish technical de- 
mands; less appealing was a 
persistent unloveliness of time. 
His performance of Frank 
Bridge’s Violin Sonata of 1932 

was similarly extensively ac- 
complished if not, I think, quite 
on terms with the music’s 
xipplingly elusive character. 
Nina Lugovoy’s accompani- 
ments were excellent in their 
security and thoughtfulness. 

The four ladies of The Fairer 
Sax demonstrated a blend of 
musical expertise and visual 
allure which was thoroughly 
eqjoyed by a large Purcell 
Room audience. The saxo- 
phone-quartet repertory is of 
course not noted for profundity, 
but Jean Rivier’s Grave et presto 
and Alfred Descnclos’s Quatuor 
pour saxophones both turned 
out to be substantial and 
inventive pieces, making de- 
mands of ensemble precision 
which were brilliantly met. New 
works by John Gardner and 
Graham Lyons were slight, but 

Malcolm Hayes 





Sat Sprat 8J0pra 



Hammersmith. Odeon 

Try as one might, it would seem 
that Marillion are now too 
successful to ignore. Their 
fourth album, the chart-topping 
Misplaced Childhood, is still 
lurking in the lower reaches of 
the c har t six months after its 
release and the group swept ail 
before them in foe Sounds 1985 
readers’ pofi, the results of 
'which were announced last 
week. It is hard to fathom why 
this should be so, given the 
unutterably tedious nature of 
their music, and, apart from a 
raucous and energetic display of 
solidarity by their fans, phis 

performance offered no further 

The centrepiece of the show ’ 
was a performance of Misplaced 
ChUdhodd in its entirety, the 
point presumably being to 
underline the work's cohesion 
as a conceptual entity. The band 
played ably enough, and the 
bony Fish sang with conviction, 
but the tortuously convoluted 
arrangements and contrived 
lyrics of the songs gave evidence 
only of misplaced intentions in 
attempting to create a structur- 
ally coherent whole. 

Take “Bitter Suite”: moody 
doodling on the guitar and 
drums gave way to Fish 
decl aim ing in _ profound tones 
about a spider wandering 
aimlessly in a shadow; a few 
bars of guitar over an ersatz 
Latin rhythm then into the 
mock grandeur of a Genesis- 

inspired plod, followed by a 
keyboard interlude, more rising 
vocals and then a segue into 
“Heart of Lothian”, and that 
was just one number. 

The same pointless changes 
and ghastly Gothic crashes and 
sweeps turned up in “Laven- 
der", “Heart of Lothian”, 
“Jigsaw”, “Fugazi” . . . you 
name it. Of all lheir material. 
“Rayleigh” alone boasted a 
decipherable lyric and a discern- 
ible sense of musical purpose 
from start to finish. 

As Fish struck one or two 
dramatic poses and foe baud 
played stofidly on, even the* 
tinsel-town lighting effects and. 
-vaguely symbolic bade projec- 
tions did nothing to allay my 
deeply entrenched boredom 
with the whole overblown 

. David Sinclair 





Sadler’s Wells 

Sadler’s Wells Royal Ballet 
completed its short- London 
season this past weekend in a 
farther burst of activity which 
included a revival of Balan- 
chine’s Prodigal Son and a 
number of new casts in the 
standard repertory. Among 
these latter, Graham Lustiffs as foe Joker m 
Cranko's Card Game was 
especially welcome, because he, 
gave the ballet the bumptious 
humour that was missing from 
other recent interpretations. 

• Now we must hope for 
someone to carry out a similar , 
repair job on Prodigal Son, 
which looked rather underpo- 
wered. The ballet, with its 
expressionist drama, has served 
this company well in the past, 
but the staging looked some- 
what rough and ready, with a lot I 
of over-activity among the 
ensemble of drinking com- 
panions, whereas the leading 
roles did not have so much fire I 
or sensuousness as in past 

For aO that, Prodigal is 
welcome for its powerful the- 
atrical merits ana also as a 
corrective to the comparative 
neglect lately- of the Royal 
Ballet’s twentieth-century inter- i 
national repertory, brought 
about by concentration on the 
older classics and on its own 
creations. Some further work 
polishing the revival should pay : 
dividends and is' all the more 1 
vital since this is one of the 
works, announced for the. 
company’s imminent tour of] 
north, central and south 

David Bintley’s Choros. also 
to be given on foe American 
four, had a somewhat uneven 
performance from a substitute 
|cast on Friday. However, 
Bmtky’s choreography set 
David Yow dancing energeti- 
cally in foe Pyrrhic solo, and 
Karen Donovan shone in the 
jKordax ensemble as she has 
done in every other role 
season. Coppkia on Saturday 
afternoon had her dancing 
Swanilda with a confidence, 
musically, liveliness and per- 
sonality that must surely soon 
bring her a crack, at Aurora in 
The Sleeping Beeafty. Stephen 
Beagley was her Franz, a 
promising debut, and David 
Birrtley’s playing of Dr Coppe* 
tius, already the fanciest and 
most touching of all, against the 
odds somehow goes on "‘ _ ‘ 

bcacr ' John Percival 

Alternative Bach 

Philip Pilkmgton 

Wigmore Hall 

One way of playing Bach on 'the 
modern .piano is to make .'the 
articulation as -crisp as possible, 
keep the dynamics more or less 
unvaried, and ornament pro- 
fusely. In other words: imitate a 
harpsichordist. The exercise 
seems ultimately illogical but it 
has several distmguisbed cham- 
pions. The alternative is to- 
forget about appeasing the 
purists and throw the full tonal 
variety and weight of foe the music. *' 

- By far the most compelling 
pfaying offered here' by -Philip' 
PiUangum came when he cast 
aside restraint and embraced 
foe alternative way. At the 
height of the Chromatic- Fan- 
tasia and Fugue, for instance, he 
stuck his foot hard on foe 
sustaining pedal and piled up a 
gloriously romantic peroration 
of beefy chords and resounding 
scales. His oddly hesitant .and 
indifferently phrased exposition 
of foe fugue could- be banished 
from the mind. 

. Similarly the most successful 
movements of the Partita No 3 
were those where he adopted a 
straightforwardly . pianistic ap- 

Wigmore Hall . 

Schopenhauer, Dickens and 
Lamb all bad words to say 
about being 10 years old, and, 
sure enough, Graham Johnson 
found them. Their comments 
framed a list of 95 programmes 
representing a decade of song- 
malting: evenings of word and 
music celebrating poets' loves 
and lives, war and peace, east 
and west. Vienna and Venice, 
and the birthdays of composers, 
singers, even publishing bouses. 

Now it was time for the 
Songmakers’ Almanac to 
celebrate its own birthday, and 
the founder members were 
there to do it Felicity Lott. Ann 
Murray, Anthony Rolfe John- 
son, Richard Jackson and' 
Graham Johnson were joined 
by their “godfather" Geoffrey 
Parsons for the central party- 
piece, Brahms's Liebeslieder 
Waken but the real festivities 
came before and after. 

Some members of the ca- 
pacity audience might have 
been disappointed that, for 
once, there , was so little chan. 
Graham Johnson, whose a$- 

proach: the unrushed apd gentfy 
shaped Alkknaqde, where vari- 
ations in timbre - were subtly 
placed, and foe Scherzo; which 
Pfikington enKvfcurid .with some 
■playful echo effects: " 

On " a technical -level, he 
seemed rather.: ill- at case 
throughout foe afternoon.- Many 
passages were ‘rusted; -there 
were occasional slips and some 
uncharacteristically inelegant 
passagework. This .made, his 
presentation of four delightfully 
quirky Haydn sonatas ■ less 
entertaining than it should have 

. But at his best ptHrington is 
capable of distilling the essence 
;of Haydn's Origraahty. He plays 
those baroque, .meandering 
right- hand flourishes, fra 1 in- 
stance, with just the right 
'balance between metrical conti- 
nuity and rhapsodic freedom. 
He was hot averse to high- 
lighting Haydn’s witty and 
unexpected juxtapositions of 
register with some wf accentu- 
ations of his own. And, the 
sonatas’ : throwaway'- endings, 
deflating and debunking ail foe 
huff -and puff font * precedes 
.them, w ere delivered with 
disarming charm. • 

Richard Morrison 

sidnous literary researching and 
comparing has made the Alma- 
nac what tt is, confined himself 
to paying homage to his 
patrons. Fischer-Dieskau, 
Gerald Moore and Eric Sams. 
Some may have regretted 
hearing only from Schumann, 
Brahms and Mendelssohn. But 
others will have enjoyed reliv- 
ing the new contests, foe 
surprise revelations, the shrewd 
casting recalled in, say, Schu- 
mann's three-part TragOtiic 
from their Uederspiele evening, 
and sung ravishingly here by 
each soloist in succession. 

The evening concentrated 
very much on the solid 
foundation of their extraordi- 
narily rich repertoire, that of the 
LicderabeneL But the phenom- 
enon of foe Almanac has been 
from foe start its eclecticism, its 
entirely English tempering and 
tasting of word, music and 
mood, its conviction' that the 
whole business is often just too 
serious to be taken seriously. So 
it was Noel Coward who had 
the last word: once Tom 
Lehrer's Alma and Flanders and 
Swann’s Diva had had their say, 
foe party simply had to be over. 

Hilary Finch 


Videotex has hundreds of 
applications - and over 120.000 
installed terminals in the UK. 
Wherever access and display to 
fast-moving information is a 
necessity, Videotex systems 
provide computer power which 
is as easy to use as the cash 
dispenser on evexy high Street. 

At the Videotex User Show 
(sponsored by The Videotex 
Industry Association and the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry) there’ll be the world’s 
leading suppliers - and a . 
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1’,‘m V*sT/ 




wa tehlf a f? 15 a youn K African 
rgwca a* government troops mur- 
both his parents, his two. 
in Q Sf er brothers and his three sisters. 

1 "P “<* a half years that 
lw was kept in detention 
ana tortured, 

Eleetnc shocks were used on him 
repeatedly, and at one point his head 
yas shaved with a broken bottle. But 
EJ5 burning with electric rings 
and cloths soaked in paraffin that left 
“te worst marks. His lane, neck and 
one arm are badly disfigured. Today, 
“0* 3"et 20, he is in the middle of what 
wui be a long series of plastic s misery 

He is one bf a growing number of 
refugees granted asylum in Britain 
whose severe' torture at the hands of 
^anous countries' government forces 
have brought them to the attention of 
a small group of British doctors, social 
workers and psychiatrists. - 

Up. until this year this network, 
now numbering almost 300 people, 
has been working informally for 
tbrtnre_ victims under the umbrella of 
Amnesty International’s medical 
group. From this week they are in the 
process of forming themselves into 
the Medical Foundation for the Care 
of Victims of Torture, an independent 
chanty similar to organizations 
already existing in ranada and 
Scandinavia. It will work with the 
Tvictims both medically and as a 
campaigning and educational body, 
providing evidence to the world of a 
practice now accepted to be endemic 
in at least 70 countries. 

When ATs medical group started in 
the mid-1970s it was concerned as 
much with the harsh prison con- 
ditions and inadequate food experi- 
enced by political* prisoners a 11 over 
the world as with the violent methods 
often used in their interrogation. It 
rapidly became evident that as the 
number of refugees grew, first from 
Latin American countries and more 
recently from Africa and Sri T -antra , 
with many bearing signs of physical 
mutilation and psychological trauma 
from torture, there was for too little 
understanding of torture victims* 
special conditions. 

Some suffer from 
guilt because . 
they survived 

Healing the scars 
left by torture 

Amnesty International’s work against tyranny is being taken 
further by a new medical charity which cares for victims and; 
brings pressure on the guilty. Caroline Moorehead reports ; 

Work carried out with holocaust 
victims in Israel has confirmed that . 
crisis in mid-life can arise when ' 
earlier tragedies, like torture,; come 
back in the form of extreme 
depression or breakdown. 

Elizabeth Gordon was tire surgeon 
on a small Amnesty Internaiionl 
mission to East Africa early last year 
Which examined and reported on the 
cases of 16 alleged Ugandan torture 
victims. In all but one there was 
consistency between the victim’s 
account and the nature of the damage: 
Verification, she says, is important to 
many people, not because, of any legal 
position, but simply because people 
who have been tortured need to be 
believed, as well as reassured that 
their bodies are still intact. 

About 300 people have been seen 
over the years by this network of 

in torture injuries. Some 
ve to six new' cases are coming to 
them' .eveiy week. H elen Bamber, 
secretary -of the new foundation who 
Worked with- Betsen concentration 
camp survivors and later .-with 
orphans from Auschwitz, -feels that 
more people “living in -the shadows, 
locked in with their memories” may 
come forward once .toe, existence' .of 
the foundation is known. 

While physical problems are very 
important, the psychological prob- 
lems are becoming more worrying as 
torturers throughout the world resort 
to ever more sophisticated tech- 
niques, like programmes of disorien- 
tation aimed specifically at break- 

“One simply cannot underestimate 
the long-term effects of severe 
torture”, says Helen Bamber. “It is 

Though refugees are entitled to full . 
National Health Service care, many 
were finding it difficult to trust 
physicians in large hospitals while 
ordinary doctors, with no training or 
experience In the subject, were - 
frequently sending apparently health/ 
but -disturbed patients to the psychi- 
atric wing of mental hospitals. 

There was an obvious need for 
some sort of formal centre to co- 
ordinate their treatment since torture 
involves damage to different parts of 
the body and often necessitates 
consultation with up to five separate 
specialists. The enduring psychologi- 
cal scars to both victim and his family 
make long-term psychotherapy essen- 
tial. “A sense of having become 
nothing” is felt by many victims. 

A man who reached Britain from 
the Middle East recently with 
multiple injuries after prolonged 
torture, has already seen a physician, 
an orthopaedic surgeon and an eye 
surgeon. Once his leg and eye injuries 
have been treated, he will move on to 
a neurologist, for both his arms are 
paralysed after being hung for long 
periods by his wrists. He is staying 
with relations who will also need help 
In learning to live with a situation to 
which it is so difficult to adapt. 

“Some of the people we see are 
suffering from guilt because they 
survived, or perhaps because, under 
torture, they gave someone else 
away”, explains Elizabeth Gordon, 
consultant surgeon and a member of 
the board of the Medical Foundation. 
“They may have watched a child 
tortured, or their own wife raped. 
Understanding something of this 
makes it easin' to help." 

ed to destroy, to Tnntilatr. to 
i: is it surprising that it causes 
depression, self-hatred, shame - and 

What, for instance, can one do to 
help someone like the young Ugandan 
.mother sitting with her two small sons 
, when police came to arrest her? The 
elder boy . ran. ofi; but the younger, 
aged two, was -taken into prison with 
her. When- she retained from 
interrogation, it was to a different cell 
from the one where she left her baby. 
The child is how three but, die has 
□ever seen him again. This, too, is- 

Violetta' de Palma, who fled from 
Uruguay -and arrived in London in 
1978 with two small sons, helps treat 
some ISO refugee children in the 
Latin American: Children's Project in 
Kenningtoh, south London. Many 

Mmm : 

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Si **. 

Elizabeth Gordon: "People who 
v have been tortured need to be 
believed as well as reassured* 

have- witnessed the torture of their 
own parents or had to visit fathers in 
prison who were covered in blood or 

bearing torture marks. 

Tbev cannot forget”, .she Says. 
“They look perfectly healthy but are; 
often highly disturbed, with difficult- 
ies in concentration.” Though not 
tortured herself many of her friends 
were and her sons, now aged seven 
and nine^ are resisting fiercely .her 
plans to return home: “They . art 
terrified. They say the police will 
come for them.” 

The Medical Foundation's other 
concern, to alert the world to evidence 
of torture and bring pressure , on the 
guilty governments, has come in part 
from a growing recognition of the 
doctors' role in torture procedures, 
whether 'in treatment or in helping 
devise torture programmes. 

The British Medical Association is 
due to produce its report on the 
subject shortly and is expected to lay 
down some -practical guidelines on 
how to limit doctors* involvement. 

We won’t accept 
that it happens 
so close to-home 

The medical scrutiny' is showing 
results. In South Africa, says- Eliza- 
beth Gordon, the doctors involved 
with Steve Biko were originally 
exonerated but that decision has now' 
been reversed. In Chile, publicity, over 
.one doctor known to have taken, part 
in torture has made it impassible fair 
him to run his private practice. 

Not least among a torture victim’s 
problems is the „ public’s extremer 
reluctance to accept that torture, 
which - often ; results in - death, - is 
common . practice in - over half the 
countries of the world. “The subject", 
rays Dr John Dawson of the BMA, “is 
not one people like thinking about.- 
But they should. It goes on not just in 
. the- banana republics but in Nato 
countries as well. What people won’t . 
accept is that it happens so dote to 

- What scepticism remains could be 
dispelled by a remarkable and . 
horrifying Thames Television film to 
be broadcast this evening. Torture is 
. about- the victims, mainly ordinary 
men and women caught up in 
political violence, who starkly, and 
with great dignity, talk about what 
happened to them. 

It is also, about torturers who have 
. carried out the mutilating and often 
killed in the -process. It is their 
evidence, delivered rather dispassio-, 
nately, about eyes gouged out with 
pencils and prisoners stripped naked 
and raped,- that makes the existence of 
widespread torture wholly believable. 
“Torture”, as one young former Latin 
American soldier put ; it, almost 
casually, “becomes a habit”. 

A rebirth 

Mothers-to-be can how keep up with the 

Modd of high fashion-thanks fay 

the hew summer range from Mothercare 

Plunged into horror: artists' impressions of Latin American torture by repeated beatings and dockings. The 
seated figure, top left, is a doctor checking the victim's poise to see if he can take further torture 

Violetta de Palma: ‘Refugee 
children are often distorted' 

A common front to repel the modem ‘invaders’ 

E ven the prescient novel- 
ist H. G. Wells, when he 
wrote The War of the 
n'orfds, could have had 
no idea of the late 20th century 
battle that was to rage on 
Horsell Common in Surrey, the 
scene of his fictitious landing by 
the Martians. 

Last week it was a human 
breed of aliens (if you adhere to 
the script of the conservationist 
lobby) which descended on this 
little patch of metropolitan 
green belt in the guise of 
Beacontree Estates, a develop- 
ment company wishing to build 
high-tech offices and car park- 

representatives, and 
opponents have just given 
evidence to a public inquiry m 
the mundane setting of a 
Woking church haa, sur- 

rounded by the wilting Christ- 
mas decorations of schoolchild- 
ren proclaiming Peace on Earth. 

' Peace* was not in evidence on 
this particular piece of earth last 
week for Beacon tree’s plan was 
being bitterly opposed by. the 
Open Spaces Society, a pressure 
group dedicated to safeguarding 
the one and a half million acres 
of common land in England and 

Although the dispute con- 
cerns only a tiny piece of land - 
just under an acre - it is being 
closely monitored by all those 
who fear that a precedent is 
about to be set for toe 
development of commercial 
and residential buildings an toe 
perimeter of toe capital. 

In the context of planning 
applications for 30,000 homes 
around London, Horsell 

One Surrey acre is a test case in the ‘green’ 
war between developer and conservationist 

The society also argues that 
granting of toe application 
would be in breach of the 1925 


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Woman's bedroom 


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Soto music piece (5) 
Spanish cry (3) 
Hamlet sotBoqoy 


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4 Infinitesimal 5 Fore 
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Common has become a test 
case. If toe office development 
goes ahead, runs toe argument 
then no area of hitherto 
protected common land will be ' 

The common itself is much 
as it was when Wells wrote 
about it - a tract of sandy heath, 
heather and pine. Next to the 
site of toe proposed car park is a 
Bronze Age burial mound, 
which today squats beneath the 
debris of scrub and bushes. A 
few yards away traffic on the 
main road roars its way towards 

Last week's inquiry was a 
convocation, of parties with 
totally irreconcilable visions of 
the world - on the left toe grey- 
suited lawyers speaking for 
Beacontree, and on the right the 
quilted reds and greens of 
ramblers’ anoraks. Most of the 
latter camp was composed of 
retired locals, passionately 
opposed to the building of new 
offices in toe neighbourhood. 

In many respects toe battle of 
Horsell Common is the perfect 

1 980s counterpart of medieval 
encounters between peasant and 

In- order to secure planning 
agreement, Beacontree ’s cause 
will be assisted by assuring the 
local authority not only that its 
application is of a non-speculatr 
ive nature, but also that toe 
development will be beneficial 
to top local population. 

Both of these matters are 
being strongly contested by toe 
Open Spaces Society, which 
claims that Beacontree has been 
premature in telling toe Depart- 
ment of toe Environment that 
there are already tenants pre- 
pared to occupy toe new offices. 

Law and Property Act, which 
s public rij ‘ 

guarantees public right of access 
to urban commons. If Horsell 
Common is allowed to be used 
for office development, main- 
tains the society, then it will 
create a legal p rece d ent for 
further encroachments of the 
green belt For this reason the 
Horsell debacle is being seen by 
developers and conservationists 
alike as a microcosm of toe 
battles ahead. 

Despite toe futuristic plans of 
Beacontree, toe story has strong 
‘overtones of Charles Dickens, 
not least in toe labyrinthine 
changes of ownership of the 
land in question. 

In pre-Victorian days com- 
moners enjoyed rights of abale- 

Stranger than fiction: novelist H. G. Wells ( left) created the first invasion of Ho 
Common - by Martians. Duncan Mackay (right), of the Open Space Society, i 
implacable opponent of a second invasion, this time by developers 

meat, which entitled them to 
tear down developments on toe 
common land. In toe late 1 9th 
century these rights were gentri- 
fied by parliamentary legis- 
lation, one effect of which was 
to demand that any act of 
enclosure had to carry a 
reciprocal benefit to the local 
inhabitants. “The procedure of 
a public inquiry is just toe 
latter-day version of all those 
old fisticuffs", says Duncan. 
Mackay, the young deputy 
secretary of the O.S.S. 

J ohn Hanning , a local 
solicitor representing the 
Horsell Common Preser- 
vation Society, puts it 
like this: “There is no possible 
benefit to the neighbourhood in 
the existence of a factory on this 
site. To give toe sanction of a 

Department of State to 

building being erected on a 
common for purely private 
advantage would make it 
impossible in toe future for toe 
department to draw toe line in 
principle between a small 
encroachment and a large one, 
and would leave toe door open 
for a gradual overrunning of toe 
whole common." 

Alan Franks 

■’ ( TOMORROW ) 

The strong arm 
of the law: 
with riot shields in 
Britain’s cities and 
machine-guns at 
our airports, 
are the police folly 
equipped to face 
a violent society? 

is an 

Left Pink 

ik patterned cardigan, £4.99, pin-tucked Wousfr' £4:50, cotton 
!, £5.95. Wflhfc Flora! print jump-suit. £9.99, all in Mothercare 
branches from end of January 

A breath of spring air 
wafted through 
London’s Park Lane 
Hotel last week 
when Mothercare 
launched its sum- 
mer range. .The show .was 
opened by Sebastian. Conran, 
sou of Sir Terence and .design 
consultant for Mothercare. He 
demonstrated toe Via Stroller, . 
the latest in hf-tech pushchairs 
boasting the same ' smooth, 
sleek lines of moulded plastic 
that run through toe rest of ton , 
Conran design, empire. 

Fashion-conscious women 
can be stylish during pregnancy / 
by adapting their existing 
wardrobes with baggy ; shirts - 
and leggings or low-waisted 
dresses. For wearing at home, 
specially adapted, dungarees - 
and maternity dresses can be 
more comfortable- but not- 
particularly, flattering. The old 
idea was to hide “the bump” • 
under voluminous maternity 
dresses. These have now been 
reduced to a token presence in 
a range that concentrates on 
practical separates. 

For pregnant women execu- 
tives and secretaries there is a 
range of tailored navy blue 
suits with blazer jackets and 
slim trousers or knee-length 

Chintzy floral cotton dresses’ 
and floaty blouses over pastel 
trousers are clearly designed for 
a different kind of mother, 
taking us back to toe era when 
pregnant women were modest 
la di es-in- waiting and their 
clothes were described as 
“ frankl y feminine’".. 

A seaside postcard parade of 
beaming five-year-olds tottered 
down toe catwalk in polka-dot 

swimsuits and striped surf 

Tough kids are cool in 
American-style denim dunga- 
rees, jackets and^base ball-style 
T-shirts and shorts. For little 
girls who don’t -want to be 
tomboys, there are; flowered 
and frilled cotton summer 
dresses and pastel pink , cardi- 
gans and blouses/. ’ • 

Since the !?82 merger, 
Mothcrcare’S; image has been 
freshened- up -ana. although 
cheap aqd ; cheerful -still seems 
to befoe'priorily, some fashion 
• feeling is,v.beginning to apjjear 
mil? 228 high street stores. 

- 0 Our fosfimh Princess 1$ ini 
the forefront of taste when, it 
comes to dressing her child ren.- 
WfaDe the’ mass- market :har 
cottoned on to the - casual and. 
rough wear revoletibta, : the- 
Princess of Wales is pioneering - 
a return to nanriy-know^besl 
nursery clothes. 

For everyday occasions the 
royal Princes appear, in no- 
nonsense cord dungarees, - 
checked shirts and cheery 
striped sweaters. But Prince 
William is dressed for best in . 
more * traditional Kensington 
clothes: ja VTctorian-style saQor 
suit for Trooping toe Colour; 
prim frilled and tncked shirts., 
and shorts for Snowdon’s 
family portrait 

Ordinary mothers may doubt 
the wisdom of allowing the 
royal lead back to pristine 
white ankle socks, Peter Pan 
collars and smocking. But 
Princess Diana has also had 
the wit to dress Prince Harry in 
at - sheep-_patterned -.sweater "to 
match her own. 

Rebecca Tyrrel 


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V*9P«S‘ ^/jR*j*»*ac~** 

• riding skirt, £89-50, yellow rubberized cotton raincoat £116, afl from 
■'• Midberry Company, 11 -12 Gees Court T W1. WaIkJng boats, £51 .95 from 

* ;••■__ * , uuywwes, swr * ’; ■ - ; : 

/• ; Abow: Long polo-neck sweater, £33, brown moleskin trousers. £25, Jacc 
kntt3hawts,£9 each, all fei thessfleat Laura Ashley branches / 

7 ftroughout the country. .Green Huritar boots, £11 from Gordon Lowes, - 
~ •• - 173 Stoane Street SWV 

. f^' l" knitwear revol- 

■ , urion.' has ; come -full 
. I, ' circle.- Ten years after 
I the sweater came- up 
' '.' Jl .'.to the dty and took 
over oiiF wardrobes, 
it has. gone back. to the country, 
and its roots. ... 7 

Heavy-duty knits are high 
fashion for. hand-knitters and 
designers. The sweater is also 
reverting to its origins among 
the seafaring people who 
launched and harboured it. 
Knits inspired by the traditional 
Araris and Icelandic styles are 
the look of this winter and those 
yarns are the biggest sellers. 

Even the lough oiled wools 
have-, come ashore; . patterns 
dome not as intricate as Fair Isle 
but in bold Nordic motifs and 
Paris designer Azzedine Alaia 
has -produced .the - ultimate 
chunky sweater .- boiled wooias 
thick as underfill; . 

Yet nothing in Ikshion. is ever 
quite the same again. The 
original Arrans and guernseys 
were symbolic of the commun- 
ities they served. The textured 
lines and cables, represented 
furrowed fields, ships' ropes and 
anchors, and Celtic crosses. ' 
.-.The sea change for sweaters 
has been the ikshion element. 
The heavy knits are now given 
the wide shoulders, deep arm- 
holes, the elongated bodyline 
and sharp colours of modern - 

fashion. The . .-tunic sweater, 
shaped like an inverted triangle 
to narrowed hips, replaces. the 
traditional square and sturdy : 
shape, and cables are used 
strictly for surface interest. 

Fuchsia pink, -cobalt blue and 
bitter lime recolour the conven- 
tional navy guernsey and off- 
white Aran J. still think that 
country sweaters look best in 
colours drawn from a frozen 
landscape: the grey-green of an 
angry sea shading through to ice 
blue; all the naturals from 
sheep’s wool beige id mud flat 
brown; and spruce green with 
rowan red and pebble grey. 
These are the colours that blend 
like birds' plumage with the 
Barbours. ‘ parkas and loden 
.coats of die great outdoors. 

But I accept that new colours 
and textures have transformed 
band-knitting and created 
novelty and excitement in the 
yarn ■ market January is the 
prime time for spinners to 
exhibit to the trade and the 
public, and this weekend two 
separate events- underline the 
growing importance of the 
needlecraft market At Stitches 
at the National Exhibition 
Centre, Birmingham, the trade 
will note the increased presence 
of small specialist yam pro- 
ducers, like Yorkshire’s Rowan, 
who now make up a third of 
this needlecraft show. 


Chelsea Design 

The Knitting Exhibition :ai 
Sandown Park, Esher (January 
16—1 9 J, is a public celebration 
of the art and craft of knitting. 
There will be teach-ins by 
experts in hand and machine 
knitting, daily fashion shows, 
and weekend lectures by knit- 
ting's guru Kaffe-FassetL 

Colour is the message from 
Liberty who, this winter, 
launched their own Aran tweed 
(£2:75 per lOOgm hank) and its 
own double knitting (£1.50 for 
50grn). The wool comes in 36 
colours co-ordinated to Liberty 

Designer fashion is.the theme . 
of the Christian de Falbe kits - 
also at Liberty - in the luxury 
Studio Yams: pure wooL kid 
mohair and angora. Designs 
include a fashionably baggy 
Aran- cardigan for men (£34.50 
the kit) and a . selection of 
women's pure wool sweaters, 
concentrating on stitchcraft and 

complete with shoulder pads. 
Hand-knitring patterns used to 
be slow to follow fashion. But 
now fashion follows them, for 
all the shapes and textures of 
chunky sweaters are reproduced 
in factory-made knitwear, in 
acrylics as well as natural yams, 
and in all price ranges. From 
Marks & Spencer to Laura 
Ashley, the Aran-look sweaters 
are big news. 

They need to be worn big. 
too. to be teamed with country- 
style clothes and to be gener- 
ously sized. It is often better to 
buy chain store sweater? from 
the men’s ranges rather than the 
meaner women's sizes. The 
country sweater and the clothes 
it goes with are meant for both 
sexes: elephant cords, heavy- 
weight button fly 501 Levis, 
thick socks and hiking bools 
should all be one size, one sex 
and one good way to keep 




Commencing 1 3th January, 138S 

58/58 Duke Street, 

off Oxford Street, Mon - Fri 9-6 

London W1M6HS Sat 9-1 

Above left Icelandic patterned wool sweater, £62. moss-coloured tweed 
knickerbockers, £75, thick stretchy thermal socks, £8.20, all from Gordon 
Lowes, 179 Sloans Street SWi . Plaid travelling rug, £45 from Hacketts, 
65c New Kings Road, SW6. Cashmere gloves. £24.50 from Mulberry 
Company, 11-12 Gees Court, W1 . Brown leather lace-up walking boots, 
£51 .95 from Lillywhites, Piccadilly Circus 

Above: Bold, black and white graphic patterned, cotton knit polo-neck, 
£95 in the sale at Edina Ronay, 141 Kings Road, SW3. Black 501 Levis, 
approx £30 from leading stockists. Black shiny plastic sou'wester. £8.95 
from Captain O. M. Watts, 45 Albemarle Street Wl, Oatmeal fingerless 
gloves, £1 1 from Gordon Lowes. 179 Sloane Street SWI. Black 
wellingtons, £12.95 from branches of MiWetts and Citizen 

Hair by Wendy Sadd for Simon Rattan 

Photographs by Nick Briggs 




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Brush with 


No sooner had Arthur ScargiU 
announced his solution to unem- 
ployment - stop overtime - than an 
informant was on the phone to 
disclose that ScargiU himself once 
had an after-hours job: as a door-to- 
door brush salesman. Yesterday 
ScargiU confirmed that he did 
indeed do the job after finishing 
work at Woolley Colliery in the days 
before setting out on his union 
career. A contradiction? “That 
would be a very sensible question 
but for the fact that I never earned a 
penny. I was simply gathering 
money for the Young Communist 
League." Being a brush salesman, he 
said, was not without its hazards: 
having been drilled in the sales 
patter for one brand of brush, his 
boss - the late Communist Party 
activist Percy Riley - switched 
firms, forcing ScargiU to eat his 
words and learn to push the rival 
product. Such was the schooling of 
Britain's most articulate union 

In their court 

With just 75 shopping days to go 
before the abolition of the GLC, it 
seems the council can't even give 
money away. It recently decided to 
give £500,000 for tennis domes to 
the boroughs of Camden, Southwark 
and Newham. Southward residents, 
however, said forget it: they didn't 
want plastic domes smothering their 
precious few grass areas. The GLC 
which said it was “surprised” when I 
broke the news of the snub, will 
have to throw its £195,000 gift to 
Southwark elsewhere: fast. 

Police Fed up 

While the police report on Totten- 
ham is pretty good on the tactics of 
rioters, police are muttering that the 
tactics of their superiors remain 
unspoken for. Why, for instance, 
was the contingency plan for 
disorder at the Broadwater Farm 
Estate not followed? At a tense 
meeting with the Police Federation 
in October, Sir Kenneth Newman 
promised a full operational review. 
This, I learn, is still being conducted 
by a Scotland Yard team which is 
interviewing every rank from con- 
stable to assistant commissioner. 
Who is on the team, and if and when 
its findings will be published, 
remain secret “We would use the 
word confidential”, said the Yard 
yesterday. The Federation is not 


‘I’ve read your Tottenham riot 
report - it struck me as 
being planned months in advance' 

V interesting 

My thanks to the Psychological 
Record for this report: “Three 
experiments were conducted with 
pigeons to compare the effects of 
shifting a multiple variable interval 
variable interval (mult VI VI) 
baseline condition to multiple 
signaled-variable interval variable 
interval (mult sig-Vl VI) and 
multiple extinction variable interval 
(mult EXT VI). In Experiment I, 
the mult sig-Vl VI treatment 
condition generated more instances 
of no interaction (ie, no change in 
response rate in the unaltered VI 
component) and negative induction 
(ie, a decrease in response rate in the 
unaltered VI component) than 
positive contrast — ” Poor pigeons. 

• When the Southern Quest, 
support ship to the British ex- 
pedition to the South Pole, sank 
amid ice floes at the weekend, it was 
two Sikorsky 61 helicopters which 
plucked the Brits to safety. . , 


Fresh from her failure to become 
Labour’s press chief Ken Livings- 
tone's press officer, Nila Garke, is 
set to do the same job for Frances 
“Big Lil" Morrell, leader of the 
Inner London Education Authority. 
Ms Morrell's image massage r of two 
months. Jennifer Simon, has been 
poached by another of Labour's 
leading ladies, Margaret Hodge, for 
whom she is now running Islington 
counriTs press and campaign unit. 
“I wanted a bigger challenge,” says 
Ms Simon, who previously had the 
uphill task of adding .credibility to 
the GLC Women’s Committee. 

In great remand 

They said the Cabbage Patch Doll 
would never catch on in Britain; I 
hope this one doesn't. It comes with 
name, number and full documen- 
tation - as an inmate out on parole 
from the “Hard Rock Penitentiary". 
The firm, based in Colorado, which 
makes the dolL called Little Con, say 
that any child taking one is 
designated as its parole officer. The 
dolls come complete in a jail cell 
box, with details of their criminal 
record. The cost £1 50. PHS 

Keep the jury and still 

If Britain had a written constitution, one of 
its first articles would declare that in 
criminal cases in which the accused could be 
sentenced to a long prison sentence he has 
the right to trial by jury. Our citizens have 
had that right for at least three centuries. 
Attempts to remove or tamper with it have- 
been robustly resisted. Yet in the hysteria 
over fraud cases after the Lloyd’s and 
Johnson Matthey affairs the government, 
may be panicked into attempting it ag a in . 

Of course the arrangements for the 
investigation and trial of complex fraud 
cases can and must be improved- Inter- 
departmental rivalry in Whitehall for long 
prevented the emergence of any co- 
ordinated means of tackling serious frauds, 
with little co-operation between the police, 
the DPP and the Department of Trade, let 
alone the revenue departments. _ 

Trial procedures are often antique and the 
rules of evidence medieval. But that does 
not justify removing the right to jury triaL 
There is no evidence from judges or lawyers 
that juries do not understand the cases or 
that their verdicts are unreasonable or 
inexplicable. On the contrary, most of those 
closest to the system - the barristers who 
prosecute and defend, and the judges who 
preside - say that juries come to sensible 
decisions, often reflecting a canny and 
perceptive assessment of the guilt of those 
on triaL 

Nor is there evidence from the prosecut- 
ing authorities that often charges are not 
laid through fear that the jury would not 
understand the complexities. If a case is 
complex, the barrister presenting it should 
simplify the focts so that the jury can 

by Walter Menicks 


understand them. Complex and unfamiliar 
medical or forensic evidence may have to be 
given in a rape or assault case; technical 
scientific evidence when identity is at issue. 
But no one suggests that the accused in such 
cases should be denied the right of jury triaL 

Fraud is not a single offence capable .of 
easy definition. It can involve conspiracy, 
theft or deception under various statutes. 
Still less is there any definition of a 
“complex" fraud which could be suitably 
enacted in law. So the Roskill proposal is 
that a High Court judge would decide 
simply on the basis of a set of loose 
guidelines whether a person was to lose his 
right to be tried by a jury. No doubt the 
judge is supposed to recognize the appropri- 
ate case when he sees it, but this is no way to 
deal with people’s civil rights. Although 
there is controversy now about which cases 
merit the right to jury triaL and those which 
should be tried summarily, at least the 
dividing line is clear. 

There is therefore an essential unfairness 
in distinguishing between murderers, drug 
dealers, burglars and rapists on the one hand 
and financial fraudsters on the other. -Why 
should the man who steals £1 million from a 
bank with a shotgun be allowed jury trial 
while the man using a computer is denied it? 

At present we do not know whether juries 
in complex cases (or even in simple ones) 
understand the issues because the law 
prevents anyone asking them about their 
deliberations. First, therefore, we should 


the law so that some se nsible 
research into the workings of the ju ry sys tem 
be done and so establish the extent 
otherwise of juror comprehension. 

Secondly, we ean establish in the City 
London a specialized magistrates court to 
deal summarily and speedily with financi al 
miscreants. Such a court would have limited 
powers' of imprisonment but massive 
powers to fine and to ban culprits from 
involvement in financial markets. (The 
really major fraudsters should still go to "the 
Old Bailey and be tried by a judge and jury.) 

The Roskill proposal to establish a fraud 
trial tribunal is fundamentally unjust. Could 
it ever acquit people? Would not the public 
expectations necessarily bias its members? If 
charges .are ever brought in the JMB or 
Lloyd’s cases, for. instance, could the 
accused expecta fair trial? The anonymous 
silent and. unyielding jury must offer both 
those on trial and the public a greater degree 
of mnfiHftnc** in the even-handediiess of the 
criminal justice system than a hand-picked 
clique of experts. 

There is every sign that the government 
feels itself under pressure to “do something? 
about fraud. The Lord Chancellor and other 
ministers who wish to limit jury trial in 
fraud cases may bounce their colleagues into 
a rushed commitment to implement RosldlL 
For them the report could not have come at 
a better time. For those who wish to see 
coherent and balanced improvements in the 
criminal justice system, the tuning “ 

CHOnes Nmpavcn Listed, 1986 

The author, a solicitor, was a member of the 
Fraud Trials Committee. 


Norman Dombey questions the plan to upgrade Fylingdales 


dish the 

Mrs Thatcher expressed herself 
pleased at the outcome of the 
Reagan-Gorbachov summit After 
listening to Reagan’s briefing, she 

that it was clear that 

told reporters 
the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile 

(ABM) Treaty between the US and 
the Soviet Union would be 
honoured by both sides.. 

In the light of that it is odd that 
her government is expected to 
announce soon that the radar station 
at Fylingdales, in Yorkshire, is to be 
“upgraded" by the introduction of 
new radar technology. Many in- 
formed observers, including some of 
her own officials, believe the 
decision will breach the treaty. 

Radar forms an indispensable 
part of any system for ballistic 
missile defence and for that reason 
there are constraints under the treaty 
on the siting and use of large 
modem radar systems. There has, 
however, been a dramatic improve- 
ment in radar technology over the 
last 20 years with the advent of 
“phased-array" radars. 

A conventional radar set, such as 
those used at most airports and at 
Fylingdales, comprises a rotating 
dish which sends out the microwave 
or radio signal and records any 
reflection. A phased-array radar 
does not move. 

The direction of the transmitted 
beam is determined by the adjust- 
ment of the relative phases (Le. the 
troughs and crests) of the waves 
emanating from a large number of 
small solid-state transmitters which 
are computer-controlled. So whereas 
a conventional large radar may 
rotate a few degrees each second and 
make a complete scan of the sky 
every 15 seconds or so, a complete 
scan of a phased-array radar is 
measured in millionths of a second. 

The information received is itself 
analysed by computer and a reading 
can be obtained of the bearing, 
distance, size and velocity of any 

incoming object, allowing an instan- 
taneous determination of its trajec- 
tory and where and when it will fell. 
Many objects, possibly as many as 
several hundred, can be tracked 

Phased-array radars were devel- 
oped during the 1960s in the United 
States specifically for use in the 
Sentinel anti-ballistic missile system 
then under development Clearly it 
would be substantially more effec- 
tive than a mechanical radar in any 
future ABM system. 

The present mechanical radars at 
Fylingdales are early warning radars 
and, together with those at Clear in 
Alaska and Thule in Greenland, 
comprise the ballistic missile early 
wanting system against a Soviet 
missile attack on North America. 
They have performed that function 
since 1962 and were therefore 
allowed under the ABM treaty 
which forbade, in Article VIb, any 
future early wanting radars except at 
“locations along the periphery 
(Soviet and US) of national terri- 

ft has been proposed for some 
time that Fylingdales be reequipped 
with the phased-array technology. 
But a problem lies in another article 
of the ABM Treaty which forbids 
radars to be given “capabilities to 
counter strategic ballistic missiles or 

their elements in flight trajectory". 
Any large phased-array radar will 
have that capability. 

In order to clarify when radars 
were “ABM-capable”, therefore, 
the parties agreed not to deploy 
phased-array radars having a. “po- 
tential” of more than 3 million watt- 
square metres except under certain 
wefl-defwed conditions. This agree- 
ment and conditions were summar- 
ised in a document known as Agreed 
Statement F, initialled by both 
parties and attached to the treaty. 

There are five categories of 
exceptions. Large phased-array 
radars may be deployed for use as 
ABM radars on the one ABM site 
allowed each side under the treaty, 
in the development and testing of 
ABM systems at test ranges, as early- 
warning radars ax the periphery of 
national territory, for tracking 
objects in outer space, or in the 
verification of arms control agree- 
ments. Modernization is not allowed 
unless it also comes under one of 
these headings. 

It follows that the present radars 
at Fylingdales cannot be replaced by 
a phased-array radar and still satisfy 
the treaty, as interpreted by Agreed 
Statement F, unless its “potential" 
(the product of mean emitted power 
in watts and antenna area in square 
metres) is less than three minion 

watt-square metres. Similar con- 
siderations apply to ■; the. - large 
phased-arrfy radar which is being 
built in the USSR near Krasnoyarsk 
(400 miles inland), except that 
Soviet officials claim that their radar 
is planned to be used for satellite 
tracking. That defence is unavailable 
at Fylingdales. ' „ 

It has bran reported Jhat the 
“Pave Paws" phased-array radar 
which has been operating at Otis the 
airforce base in Massachusetts since 
1980 is what the US has in mind for 
Fylingdales. . Another Rave Raws 
radar is now operational in Califor- 
nia and two more are bring built on 
the periphery of the United States in 
Georgia and Texas. The mean power 
of each is about one million watts 
and its diameter about 30 metres, 
giving a potential of oyer 100 times 
that allowed in the treaty. 

Last November, the Ministry of 
Defence told the liberal MP Paddy 
Ashdown that the government did 
not consider the planned upgrading 
at Fylingdales to be in breadhof the 
ABM Treaty. If the replacement 
radar is Pave Paws, it will be 
interesting to see how Mis Thatcher 
can justify that opinion. 

The author is Reader in Theoretical 
Physics and Associate Fellow of the 
Science Policy Research Unit at the 
University qf Sussex. 

Waiting in the wings, a Kremlin thaw 


As Mikhail Gorbachov pursues his 
relentless shake-up of the more 
ossified aspects of Soviet life, 
attention is being focused on the 
attitude he will adopt to cultural 
freedom. Many Soviet intellectuals 
are impatient to discover whether or 
not they can hope for any loosening 
of the creative straitjacket. 

During his 10 months of power, 
Gorbachov has given only a few, 
contradictory hints of his policy 
towards control of artistic ex- 
pression. But last March he did 
promise Oleg Efremov, a Moscow 
theatre director, that he would talk 
with him about cultural policy as 
soon as he had cleared up other 

Last week Gorbachov visited an 
art exhibition and this, combined 
with recent outspoken comments by 
Yevgeny Yevtushenko, the angry 
young poet of the 1950s, has 
convinced many members of 
Moscow’s intelligentsia that he will 
soon turn his attention to this highly 
sensitive subject. 

Some Moscow intellectuals are 
convinced that Gorbachov, encour- 
aged by his wife, Raisa, will carry his 
campaign of cutting dead wood into 
the world of the arts. But there are 
also warning voices that he may use 
his unassailable power base to 
tighten state control 
The optimists have been encour- 
aged by the brave stand against the 
deadening hand of cultural bureauc- 
racy adopted both in verse and 
speech by Yevtushenko, who has 
recently found favour with foe 
cultural establishment. 

During the Brezhnev era Yevtu- 
shenko fell foul of the authorities 
over his defence of the dissident 
writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Buz 
last September Pravda published a 
Yevtushenko poem that contained a 
strong attack on sluggish bureaucrats. 

Yevtushenko: an open 
attack on censorship 

Gorbachov: signs that he 
is preparing to act 

and was seen as being in line with 
Gorbachov’s call for streamlining. 

Last month he went further with a 
rousing address to the Writer’s 
Union of the Russian Federation in 
which he objected to foe limitations 
placed on Soviet writers and raised a 
number of taboo subjects such as the 
privileges enjoyed by the party elite. 

Yevtushenko vras rapturously 
applauded after the speech, which 
also included attacks on censorship, 
self-flattery and the persecution of 
foe peasants under Stalin. A1 one 
point he told the meeting: “The 
acceleration of scientific and tech- 
nical progress is unthinkable with- 
out acceleration of foe spiritual" 

Backers of cultural reform were 
disappointed when mast of the hard- 
hitting sections of foe speech, 
including most of the remarks about 
censorship, were cut from -foe 
version published by Literatumaya 
Caseta. Kremlin- watchers took this 
as evidence that Yevtushenko had 
over-reached himself 

But last week he confounded .the 
sceptics by stealing the show at * 
press conference called by foe 

Kremlin to unveil plans for stronger 
cultural ties with the US, in which 
Yevtushnko has been chosed to play 
a leading pari. Straying far from the 
theme, he argued that his views, 
particularity on the evils of bureauc- 
racy, were completely in step with 
Gorbachov's sew approach. 

Yevtushenko tola one questioner; 
“I am surprised that you are 
surprised that a poet speaks out 
agamst .bureaucracy, because the 
words poet and bureaucrat are 
mutually exclusive”. 

Foreign observers believe that 
Gorbachov's slowness in switching 
his attention to the arts stems largely 
from his preoccupation with foreign 
affairs, the lacklustre economy and 
the consolidation of his position, 
before the 27fo Communist Party 
Congress next month. While hun- 
dreds of elderly and sometimes 
corrupt officials have been sacked or 
transferred in other areas of the 
administration, foe creaking bu- 
reaucracy ' that controls Soviet 
cultural life ^ remained largely 

The one exception has been at 

Gostelradio, foe television, and radio 
committee which last month saw the 
replacement of foe 73-year-old 
Sergei Lapin, by Alexander Aksynov, 
12 years his junior, who had served 
previously as ambassador to Poland 
and who was once head of the KGB 
in Byelorussia. 

The appointment, which followed 
a Kremlin warning about the need 
for more and better propaganda, 
caused some concer n among intel- 
lectuals, who felt that the party grip 
might be tightened further. 

One area of Soviet arts in urgent 
need of revitalization is the once 
renowned film industry. Twice in 
recent weeks Klip Yerxnash, head of 
foe state dfiminissadn for cinema. 
tography since 1972, has come 
under bitter attack in the official 
media. Last week actor Nikolai 
Kriuchkov wrote in Literatumaya 
Caseta that Soviet films were “very 
mediocre" and that the industry was 
plagued by nepotism. In December 
Yenna/ih had been accused of 
deliberately distorting figures on the 
size of domestic audi e nces for Soviet 
films to try to conceal the growing 
success of western productions. • 

Diplomats who have studied 
Gorbachov’s record predict that a 
limited degree of openness can be 
expected in the arts. They note that 
since he came to power a play has 
been staged in Moscow dealing with 
foe previously unmentionable sub- 
ject of emig ration from the Soviet 
Union - it portrays a family whose 
sons want to leave, one for farad 
and the others for the US. * 

But foe diplomats caution against 
any grot expectations of a lifting of 
the strict ideddlgical limits set bn all 
aspects of creative freedom. “Qorba-. 
chov is above all-, a leader who 
believes strongly in communism 
and is determined to try and make it 
work," add one. . “He is .not 
suddenly going to change its face;” 

Christopher Walker 

Roger Scruton 



The idea of foe United States as an 
“imperial” "power has for a long tune 
flourished oxt foe left. Is recent 
months, however, it seems to have 
spread from. its natural breeding 
ground to thegreatest palaces of foe 
establishment - to The Sunday 
Telegraph and The Spectator, 
perhaps even to foe gov ernm e nt . 
For was there not, in Michael 
Hesdtme’s hysterical meddlin g m 
the affairs -of a private company, 
something of tire same distaste for 
America and its influenc e that finds 
.effete expression in the- writings of 
Fere&ine Worstbonoe and more 
solemn echoes mtiwisofatiomsm of 


It seems as though the ceasele s s 
shoutmg of Soviet propaganda, and 
foe sefr-castigation that is .tire 
greatest- weakness of the American 
character, have at last produced 
their effect. There has occurred one 
of those strange inversions of foe 
truth which’ so often pass for wis- 
dom in foe world of public opinion. 

Britain is now seen as a 
“dependency” of foe US, a “dim* 

■ stated even a “colony**.. The a ffianc e 
which has twice saved us. from 
destruction, and which still protects 
us from , the threat of it, is looked 
upon with a.deepening suspicion, 
even', by those, who have no 
immediate desire- to submit them- 
selvesand their neighbours to foe 
yoke of Soviet communism. 

In repudiating foe Grown, tire 


fade of foe new urb an left. 

That two countries so differently 
situated should g ove rn themstiva 
in such smiferrays kiorimti a 
Of empire. Even tod^y, .cases in foe 
law of one country may t* 
persuasive authority in tfce faw of 
the other. But mis jir became 
America is tire continuation, in 
altered qrourastanca, of aiBritish 

United States cast off the only fink tradition, 

with .the Old Worid that was truly The political continuity ensures 
irksome to it Everything else that that. : When British and. American 
our ancestors took to America - tf£e In teres t s Conflict, only gerifte- Mfs- 
-Engfish language, tire Common Law, nice is brought to bearonuvralba- 
Christianity and the moral and; than sanctions or, : threat*, 'Even 
literary heritage of the Bibhyand the daring tire BdHamfa war, r^en' the 
ideas of constitutional government Americans saw thdr whole Latin 

and individual rights - every such 
fundamental tie was preserved, to 
exert precisely the sanre influence in 
foe New Worid as it mice exerted in 
foe Old. 

The British- Empire fives on in 
America, just as the Roman Emmie 
lived on in Byzantium, although in a 
form more vital, more industrious, 
and more generous. than its ancient 
archetype. The settlers, of the New 
World recreated foe institutions of 
foe Old and thereby did as much to 
ensure the survival of European 
civilization as was ever done in 
Europe. - - 

This year, for example. Harvard 
celebrates its 350th anniversary. The 
university remains as -firm a b pytinn 
of European culture as it was m the 
1 7fo century, when it offered its 
presidency to foe greatest living 
advocate ofa liberal education - the 
Moravian bishop andfounding father 
of Czech literature,' Comxnemus. 

Those who believe Britain to be a 
“client" of the US, or a comer of 
some American '“empire”, do not 
mean, that our laws are made in 
Washington or our ortizJensi con- 
scripted into the American army. 
They mean that foe United States 
has an empire of influence, and that 
wt* being within its boundaries, 
suffer a diminution in our sovereign 

actions, Washington 
constrain our initiative and pro- 

by our 
nothing to 

vided us, at tire crucial moment, 
with vital reconnaissance and'anni. 
The British Empire was an empire 

of lawful gtffeernmem rafoer fora 

• foe 

nrifitary -coercion. Wherever 
legal heritage nnuuh, with its 
associated habits of adversarial 
go ver n ment, open discussion, and 
public spirit, so too remains the. 
baste loyalty upon which the Empire 
was founded. 

• Why then do foe seffiappobitol 
.guanhans.of-ihe Old Order look 
down their . noses r at America? 
The Spectator views with appalled 
.curiosity the demise of the British 
rulmgdass and feds, in its snobbish 
way, that America's egalitarian spirit 
fa somchomrto blame. . . . - 

In feet, however, the true' 
executioner of foe riding class has 
been .tire, political tradition which 
the ruling class itself established, 
and which launched, the subjects of 
the Crown towards every comer of 
'foe gldbe,' Carrying with them the 
noble ideas of constitutional govern- * 
meat common- law. And it is by* 

such, gifts - our most precious 
exports - that we retain our empire 
in America. , 

Thejtuthoris editor of the Safisbury 
Review^ - - 

moreover .. . Miles Kiiigton 

When I passed my driving test, 
which fa so long ago that nobody 
called Kennedy had ever run for 
president, but on the other hand 
nobody called. -Kennedy had ever 
been shot, I learnt a hand signal far 
turning left. You put your hand out 
of foe driver's window and circled it 
anti-clockwise. You then turned left 
The last time I did this, in 1985;, afl 
the passengers in the car, .friends and 
family, burst into laughter as if I had 
just done something - as : old- 
fashioned as putting on a top hat or 
asking someone for foe pleasure of 
the next dance. 

__ Well, I refuse to believe that hand 
signals are dead yet. In feet; I would 
go further. I believe that modern 
driving habits demand more, hand 
signals, not fewer, and that our little 
cluster of winking hazard lights and 
indicators are not enough to convey 
all the messages we now wish to 
convey. In a spirit of innovation and 
goodwill to all men, even, my friends 
and family, I wish to suggest that the 1 
following hand, signals be' adopted 
immediately by motorists, if only so 
that they can ' understand ' what I 
mean when I do them. 

nothing more annoying for a 
motorist than seeing Concorde 7 and' 
having nobody to point it out to. 

Sticking a thumb up apd smiling. 
This' means: “I am so g fod your; 
. football team .won. I have always 
been a keen supporter in.'tny own 
way. “A vitaT gesture;, when .being 
overtaken by cars al] aflutter with 
West Ham, Chelsea, Everton, etc* 
scarves: ... 

Putting your hand out of the window 
and cirding it anti-clockwise. This 

does not just mean tha t you are 
turning left It — -■ 

means: “I have just 
acquired this car from my 
company/a hire fartn/a robbery, and 
I am unfamiliar with the controls. 
Every time I .operate the so-called 
indicator, the windscreen wipers 
come on. Until such time as I have' 
located the indicator, X shall be using 
my hand, to indicate I am turning 

- Putting yoitr hands over, your ears 
and shaking your head. Another 
parking signal. It mean* , “Yes* Jl 
have parked and yes, I wifl besetting 
out of the car, but not until tins very 
interesting radio programme- has 
finished, so there fajoo need to hang 
around thinking I am going to drive . 

away and leave you foe space.? - 

Holding a tape up and waving ' it 
around. “I am aboutto change the 
music on my cassette player. Expect 
me to swerve and drive da ngero usly 
for the next half mile.” 

Standing im and hitting your head 
on the roof at. SO mph “Iharir/cst 
dropped a lighted ogarcttebetweefi 
my legs.” ; 

Shaking your head violently and 
tapping it with one- T finger. - A 
motorway signal to tire car braind. lt 
m e an s: “Overtake -me if you like, 
squire, but the reason -I h aw 
suddenly . slowed down-' using 1 -foe - 
handbrake is that j have spotted.-* ' 
police car ahead on. our aide' oftftc 
. motorway. Oh fa onyottf - 
ownhead.'* * 

Pointing vigorously at the pavement 
This means: “Sorry, I am not 
leaving this parking space - lam 
trying t get into it more tidily.” 
Anyone who has ever tried to get 
into a parking space in London 
daring the day, or a shopping town 
on Saturday, or Bath at anytime, 

wffi know that a queue forms behind 

you of optimists who think you are 
JBsyiogji, not entering fa Tushand 
signal breaks the news more gently 
than if you get- out of the car and 
stick your tongue out at them. - ••" 
Pouting your thumb repeatedly at 
the back seat Agesture forthe hitch- 
hites lining- the entrance ib anr 
motorway. It means: “Alas, I Would 
love to pick you up and emoy your 
conversation about ' Westland hefi- 
capters as far as Coventry, butT 
have several passengers already fast 
asleep on the other seats, witom you. 
cranot s«^ and who have nodded 

Ilttdtrarrally resigned.” TWfaaV 
n otbetrue,^tiliscourteausr~ • 

Shaking your head violently and 
smiling a lot. laughing 'eww/Thfa 
means: “Iknow I sounded my ban. 
I know you think I booted tet you.1 
know you are angry. Ffesre bdfcri: 
me that I leant on it by accident J3b 
not rate any kind of reynoge. Thank 

Rais ing both hands, bpeto' a 
gesture of hopeless resignation. "I 
am listening to Any Questions'. 
Radio 4, and cannotodte^s bow 
'Stupid some of our MBS are," 

Pointing vigorously, at an encarnfag 
cars radiator. This means; junp&f 
“If. you’re drivim a Volvo, hdf? 
comeyofur headKgW* aren’t on?” ' 

nKrtmijjgT have not 
cgg-fo r/Xwou ld bcgffitojgg., 
train ex ’suggestions from jB'.-fr- 


•: •••'••Si'/ 

r . 

■is sot 

American influence 
Europe; erin on the 
to escape control by tire SwE 
Union. And . if yoa . want to 
understand thq dranatorbetmM 
influence and control, yoo thZg 
compare East and GenreS? 
or South Ybnum and Oman* 

Control fa i ,Jf_ * 

influence fa not. 

much wftfuto air same ^ 


influence as we: are ___ 

America. Indeed, fare not to-mui 
that Britaiafa fl*Am52 

as that America is the firing body 
the British -Es®§fe Our hnfa. 
politics, language, -’fitaramre nd 
predicament ritaHyi condition foe 
American political process, and oar 
security and dang er are u keenly 
there as they are -felt at home. 
Indeed, there ts now fir more honest 
loyalty to British laws and 4n«ti- 
turions in America than there fam 
Britain: and cer tainly none of foe 






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It might be said Of the peace 
agreement between Israel and 
Egypt, -which is now at least in 
sight, that die whole looks more 
jmportant than the sum of its', 
parts A and ttyese are ./quite 
significant in ^themselves. -It'; 
.follow that the success of Mr; : 
-Shimon Peres fin w inning the/, 
approval of ins divided mner 
cabinet for a negotiating positioa 
which shouldj .be acceptable 'io‘. 
Cairo, must be welcomed in both 
capitals and elsewhere. '/ 

.The central •_ issue remains 
Israeli acceptance of : inter- 
national arbitration as the means • 
to an end -of their troublesome - 
quarrel overTaba - though Only 
after attempts at conciliation 
have foiled The return of 
Egypt’s ambassador to Tel Aviv .. 
(from where he was withdrawn 
after Israel's invasion of Leb- ' 
anon in 1982) and the strength- 
ening of cultural ties between the 
two countries are among the 
other features of the 14-point 
package which will now be 
presented to Cairo. ...... 

The length of Sunday night’s 
cabinet marathon reflects the 
misgivings of the deputy prime ' 
minister of Israel Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir and his nght-wingcol- .*• 
leagues from the Likud. But with ' 
Mr Shamir due to take his turn, 
as Prime Minister in the autumn 

. they could hardly have wanted 
to bring down the governing 
coalition at this point. Whether 
:Mr Peres was blnffipg or not in 
declaring his determination 1 to 
risk all; he undoubtedly held die 
. better, cards. But this is not to 
diminish the result Which in 
political terms must be seen as 
something of ' a trrumpli- What 
has emerged may to some extent 
be a compromise, but ii is one 
which looks broadly acceptable 
to the Egyptians. It has to be, 
because :wlteh the actual nego- 
tiations stairt die doubts and 
suspicions of the Likud at home 
will give him little .room for, 
diplomatic manoeuvre. 

. Nor .with .Mr. Shamir due to 
take his place in the autumn can 
Mr-. Peres — or President Muba- 
rak of Egypt - take too . much 
time over negotiations. Both 
.leaders have correctly- appreci- 
ated that the so-called cold peace 
which has recently prevailed, 
between their two .countries 
needs warming if ihere is to be ■ 
any advance in the Middle East. 
The Camp David process is 
worth - more than their dispute 
over Taba - TOO yards of sunk 
kissed Red Sea beach retained by 
Israel When the rest of Sinai was 
banded back to Egypt in 1982. 
.Mr Peres. believes that Israel has 
a good care over Taba to put to 


. -.“jrr: 




m -*"’• - 

- •i"- 3 

Over, the bast year, Soviet 
foreign polity, has undergone 
some subtle changes of empha- 
sis. The Soviet leadership, no 
longer regards old - political 
quarrels as ^n insuperable bar- 
rier to . .better relations' 'with 
neighbouring countries. Nor, 
superpower pummit or no, is 
Moscow quite so insistent on the 
primacy , of its relationships with 
Washington, jit has been rearing 
roundfor other friends. . ■ 

Nothing illustrates the shift in 
Soviet atntndesmore graphically 
than this week’s - visit of the 
Soviet Foreign Minister, Mr 
Shevardnadze, to 1 Japan and 
North Korea. It is ten years since 
a Soviet Foreign Minister was 
last in Tokyo .- ’ten years in ; 
which political relations .between 
the two countries .have gone;, 
from . lukewarm to cold, /. and 
trade has- dwindled/ Japan has. 
joined successive IWestem pro- 
tests against Soviet behaviour: 
the intervention ip Afg h a n i s ta n; 
the imposition olj martial law in 
Poland, and closer to home the 
shooting down, bf the /Korean 
airliner. And thp Soviet Union - 
has been inclined to see Japan’s 
strengthening association with, 
the United Stales*;, under Prime 
Minister Nak&sdUb as proof, if. 
any were needed; of Tokyo’s, 
malign intentions. It put a- 
slmilar gloss on the rapproche- 
ment between Japian andChina. 

Not that relations . between 
Russia and Japan haye ever been 
easy. Moscow still remembers, 
when it chooses to, [the tumuli- . 
ation Japan inflicteq on imperial 

Russia in 1905. 
nese of today, 
political ailegiai] 
bitterness the ! 

d the Japa- 
atever their 
recall with 
let Union’s 

; Both to blush unseen 

- - i'J. From the Generali Secretary of the 
Names Society 

Sir, The Rev /John Ticelmrst 
(January 3) is being rather prema- 
/ > ; tore in saying fHaf we have lost the 
‘ names he mentioned. The Names 

y i’- - Society- has -ah impublished list of 
■/■, ■£>' every first name ( given to a Smith 
born in England and Wales since 
1838. That list*. prepared by my 
-■' friend G V. Appleton, shows that 
••/j-" many of die names mentioned have 
’ . been bestowed since 1900. 

It also reveals, in answer to the 
". reverand gentleman’s question; that 
; a Kerenhappuch Smith was named 
' in 1846, 47, 50, 56, 57, 75 and 85. to 
: modem times it, is given in a 
shortened form,- and a. Keren Smith 
- - J.: was named in 1943, 51, 61; 68, 73 
: and 77. 

Local registrars were certainly in 
. - , need of help when it came to' 
■ ■ r \. : spelling certain names. One unlucky 
-. /-*/■• child was -formally registered ; in 
.: March*.! 878, as Murder Smith. The 

. official who made out his marriage 
; m \'c certificate. , years' later whs more 
... * T - familiar with Scottish names, and. ; 

- .'Murdo (a form- of Murdoch) .was 
ta -.. * duly recorded. , 

. ->*I Yours foitblnlly, 

’k L A DUNKLING, .* ■ 

: .'-.’Of General Secretary;. .. ; 

• ■ J? 6 Namec Society, 

32 Speer Road, ‘ 

■> ^ Jhames Ditton, 

•• sfJ Surrey. 

:*'*■ January, 3/ 

'r/jv Jews and Christians r~ 

.*.• ■- \[p* From Rabbit' Dr Albert H. Fried- 
. . . : ■ : -\lander 

. ... '1^ Sir, CliSbrd ; Longlcy’s thm^hsfal 
• , v , article (Jaouary 6) on the Jcwtsh- 
- .--.'i ,^ P Girisfian xohfrdntation stresses a 

• - _^;particul^Chrfetianprt*leni-- howto 

• wi^jcprodann The belief that oinc must 
. -.- r-'. i brieg the world to Chiistianity and 

' '.^ v: "'•< OaiH to respect one’s neighbonr. lt k 

• Question; fbr theology... The 1985 

• ( Catholic. Commission for Relations 

'■ J tiw Jews pm itbiunfly: . . 

u 1 r * i T.jJ Aim hn Wft . 

V* ** $ “ ^ feniBd ways of salvation and the 

seizure of the southern Kurile 
Islands, off the northern tip of 
Japan, at the end of tire last war 
and hanker after their return. So 
popular a cause is the issue of 
these “northern territories”, that 
no Japanese government could 
■ afford to relinquish it Tokyo 
may have had full diplomatic 
Relations with Moscow for nearly 
30 years;-it has not signed a 
peace treaty. ■ 

For all tiie mutual resentment, 
the Soviet Union ; and Japan 
make logical partners. As- an 
advanced industrial country, 
Japan has technology and manu- 
factures the Soviet Union sorety 
needs. Geographically, it is 
ideally placed to contribute to 
the . industrial development of 
Siberia; and benefit from the 
resources that would be released. 
/And as Japan’s huge trading 
surplus continues to cause fric- 
tion with its established cus- 
tomers - with the United States, 
Western . Europe, ’ and increas- 
ingly with China - Tokyo would 
-surely welcome access to a new 
and potentially profitable mar- 
ket So; at least, Moscow must 
have calculated. ; But : with no 
progress likely on the “northern 
/ territories” - Moscow continues 
to deny- that the islands/ are 
‘ disputed; - Mr Shevardnadze’s 
five . days in Japan are a 
calculated risk, and one which 
may not pay off 

Far less of a risk is ^his visit to 
North Korea, the first eydr by a 
Soviet /Foreign Minister. It is 
evidence :of the warmer relations . 
slowly developing between the 
two countries and Moscow's 
reward for patiently watching 
and -waiting as North Korea 
- steered a delicate political course 
between Moscow and Peking 

Church must witness to Christ is the 
Redeemer for aB “whfle maintaining the 
strictest respect ior religious liberty in 
fine with the teaching, of. the Second 
Vatican CwmaT.' / , 

Yet there have been changes in 
Christian theology. Mr Longley 
notes that in German Protestan t is m 
and in Catholicism some voices ' 
point out that to deny Jews the right 
-to live as Jews comes close to acts of 
spiritual genocide. The Synod of the 
Protestant Church . of the Rhinela&d 
declared in 1980: ’ ' . , 

We believe that in their caning Jews and 
Christians are always witnesses of God in 
the. presence of the world and before eacb_ 
other. Therefore, we are convin ced th at - 
the Church may not express its witness 
-toward the Jewish people as it does its 
tni«nnn tn the peOPtes of the wkL ■ 

This is theology aware of the 
.continuing instruction the Hebrew 
scriptures give to Christianity, of a 
compiling Covenant with the Jews,' 
and ofPauTs teaching (Romans 
11:18) “thou bearest not the mot, 
but the ’root thee”. At the same time,- 
it is.also a psychological insigiht.of a- 
. church under the shadow of .the = 
Holocaust, aware ■ of . its More _ 
. during that dark time. 

: The growth of fundamentalism 
and fanaticism today has given new 
life to Gbrititan missionary work," 
even when disguised as “ministry to 
the. Jews”. The tmiversalist teach- 
ings of Judaism, and its recognition 
that ihe rigbteous of all nations have 
a share in the world to come, are of 
tittle 1 hchi' as advice from the 

jews remind Christians of Les- 
sing’s insight in Nathan the Wise: 
<Tm Brians and Jews only become 
united through acts of. righteousness 
' which give true testimony. But there 
is a strong Christian party which 
eapouses feith over wprks, which 
will not leave the fortress of dogma . 
and meet fetiom luuuans in-the open 
worid where actions cojne first- 

i(?ws wifl remain jews, defined by 
those bifetitalterfs^ ^whieh .Gfos^ns 
also acknowledge. A truc.Cnnstian 

^examination 'of its dogm^ - as 
carried out widely outride ofGreat 
. Britain - would make.the ; C2nMCji 
mote relevant -to the wtwld m which 

. it lives. • ' ".*■ - *•' 

• - The Doctorine -. Commission 

after their rift. North Korea’s 
patriarchal leader, Kim Il-sung. 
now appears to believe that 
Moscow will, in the long term, 
prove a more reliable protector 
against Sonth Korea and the 
United- States than China. And 
in response the Soviet leadership 
has turned a blind eye to North 
Korea’s continuing misgivings 
about Afghanistan and Cambo- 

By combining the foreign 
minis terial visits to Japan and 
North Korea, the Soviet leader- 
ship is insuring itself against less 
than total success in Japan. But 
it is also a recognition of the 
sensitivity with which inter- 
national relationships in the 
North-West Pacific region liave 
to be handled. This is a 
dangerous area:— how dangerous 
was shown by the fete of the 
straying Korean airliner - and 
the existing stability is all too 
easily upset when one super- 
power or the other starts to take 
the initiative. 

If the prime purpose of Mr 
Shevardnadze’s visits this week 
is to inject some of the post- 
summit optimism into the 
region with a view to lessening 
existing tensions, then the Soviet 
initiative is to be applauded. But 
if; as past performance and 
Moscow’s energetic diplomacy 
elsewhere in the Far Eatt in the 
past year would suggest, the 
Soviet leadership still has ideas 
about weakening the links 
between Washington and its 
allies to enhance its own position 
and influence, then the Soviet 
Foreign Minister’s tour is a less 
welcome development and its 
results must be scrutinized with 

should listen to Mr Longley, in 
to . his warning that 
Chri stian antisemitism did not only 
grow out of the vicious teaching of 
deicide, but also out of its inner 
conviction that the chosen Jew had 
to be displaced by the chosen 

There are ancient and modem 
teachings -within Chrisitanily which 
recognize a. shared heritage. Right 
dogma does not always lead to right 
actions, hut the path °f reconcili- 
ation cann ot be walked by those 
who would deny the vision and the 
anguish of their neighbours. 


(Dean, Leo Baeck College), 
Westminster Synagogue, 

Kent House, 

Rutland Gaidais, 

Knightsbridge, SW7. 

January 6. 

To be disposed of 

From Mr S. Eustace 
Sir, Mr Nigel Andrew’s reflections 
on urban rubbish (feature, January 
3) prompt me to describe how it is 
handled here, in an infertile part of 
fee Metropolis. i 

. The system needs a garden, in our 
case a roof garden, and two deep 
buckets of polyethylene. There must 
be two, for . the rubbish to be sorted 
immediately into rotting and non- 

The rotting bucket receives all 
kitchen waste. It is kept in the 
indoor warmth as long as possible, 
to encourage friendly microbes. 
When full it is turned out into a tea 
chest, whCTc it further rots to the 
most excellent blade earth and not 
too much of xL . 

Smell is no problem. I suppose it 
is mixed wife CO 2 , which, heavier 
than air, tils like an invisible ping is 
the top of the bucket. 

The dry rubbish -is removed by 
foithfiii dustmen, who take it for 
burning, as fbdieve. I wonder what 
becomes of fee beer cans. 

' lam your obedient servant, 


1-1 Fiist Street. 

Chelsea, SW3. .. .. 

January 3. 

Heseltine and constitutional issues 

international arbitration - an 
argument he has used in trying 
to. marshal ^the Ukud behind his 
positioned the mutual rights of 
access which, are likely to be 
accepted must also make an 
agreement much more likely. 

, There- are questions still, about 
how far President Mubarak can 
go in reaching a compromise 
agreement with Israel, given 
fundamentalist and other anti- 
Western strains within his coun- 
try. An important component of 
the Israeli package, from Jerusa- 
lem’s point of view, is the 
insistence that Mubarak uses his 
influence to curb hostile propa- 
ganda in his media. 'He him self 
needs an acceptable settlement 
on Taba and other issues to 
justifyto his people the policy of 
peaceful progress which he is 
trying to pursue. 

The Israeli cabinet’s approval 
comes at a good time for Mr 
Peres, as he prepares to set out 
for a three-country tour of 
Western Europe, including Bri- 
tain. He wants to see progress in 
the Middle East within the next 
eight or nine months and is 
seeking the support of Europe to 
help him do so. He is more likely 
to be taken seriously if be can 
point to the prospects of a better 
understanding with Cairo. 

From Mr Humphry Berkeley 
Sir, Since Mrs Thatcher became 
Prime Minister, six and a half years 
ago, no fewer than 15 members of 
the Cabinet have resigned. Fourteen 
of them have been dismissed. All 
but three of them were former 
colleagues of mine in the House of 
Commons, and several of them have 
remained my personal friends. 

Most of them have had similar 
experiences to ' Mr Hesdtine’s, 
although he is the first to have made 
them a public contitotional issue. 
Political carnage on this scale is 
without prwadenL 
The media (including your dis- 
tinguished journal) are guilty of 
referring to members of the Govern- 
ment as “Mis Thatcher's ministers”, 
whereas they are in fact the servants 
of the Queen and Parliament 

Mrs Thatcher has attempted to 
transform parliamentary govern- 
ment into presidential government 
and this must be stopped. 

Yours faithfully, 


Three Pages Yard, 

Chiswick, W4. 

January 12. 

From Mr A. H. Pengelly 
Sir, The matter of the missing and 
subsequently recorded, but still 
disputed. Cabinet min ute in the 
Heseltine affair underlines the 
difficulty a secretary to the Cabinet 
has in expressing in absolute terms 
what does transpire in Cabinet 
Indeed, a recent secretary to the 
Cabinet has admi ttwi u> the 
difficulty, on occasion, of framing a 
minute to express in the written 
word a verbal decision of Cabinet. 

With proceedings in the House 
now available in mirror image, in 
the form of audio recordings and to 
which even Hansard defers, surely it 
is logical to have similar recordings, 
of Cabinet proceedings, but em- 
bargoed as to publication for 30 
years, as in the case of written 
Cabinet minutes, so as to ensure 
absolute veracity as to what was said 
and dime. 

I Private schools trend 

I From the General Secretary of the 
National Association . of 
Head Teachers 

Sir, The article by Lucy Hodges 
(January 3) highlighting the increase 
in the demand for places at 
independent schools -should not 
come as a great surprise to anybody 
who has followed the education 
scene fbr the last few years. 

It is tempting to apportion Name 
: for this trend, but since this often 
proves to be a fruitless exercise 1 
1 think it would be much more 
profitable to -attempt to set out the 

1. For some time now HM 
inspectors have been producing 
I reports which indicate that there is a 
i small but nevertheless significant 
1 number of teachers unwilling or 
unable to raise levels of expectation 
for their pupils of whatever ability. 
The independent sector has been 
seen, rightly or wrongly, as schools 
; who do “stretch their pupils”. 

' 2. Despite its repeated assertions 
that it has increased expenditure on 
education, the Government cannot 
deny the extremely worrying trends 
portrayed in successive HMl expen- 
diture reports. This has been 
exacerbated by its recent pronounce- 
ments on both further and higher 
education and by the consequences 
that wifi be faced by a number of 
local education authorities as a 
result of the rate support grant 
figures fbr 1986/87. There is little 
doubt that the maintained sector of 
education is suffering quite con- 

Mental disorder 

From Mr James A. Cooke 
Sir, Your Law Report, R v 
Hallstrom and Another, Ex parte W 
and R v Gardner and Another, Ex 
parte L (December 28, 1985), 
following so dosefy upon your series 
of articles and your leader (Decem- 
ber 19) concerning- the effects of 
schizophrenia, focuses attention on 
tiie need to keep a proper balance 
between tbe conflicting rights of the 
individual and of tbe public. 

The central question is whether 
and in what circumstances society 
should have the right to deprive a 
mentally disordered person of his 
liberty and to impose treatment 
which it considers to be in his 
interests or those of the general 
public. There is a difference of 
opinion as to the extent of the 
powers needed to balance tbe rights 
of the patient and the needs of the 

-Medical treatment (for the pur- 
pose of tbe Mental Health Act. 1 983) 
includes nursing, and also indudes 
care, habilxtation and rehabilitation 
under medical supervision. It is 
reasonable to suppose that a 
significan t part of the process of 
hahill tatinn and rehabilitation 
should take place in the community. 

For frozen fingers? 

From Mr David Bourne 

Sir, The air-conditioned glove 
compartment -in my expensive 
German sports car (letter, January S) 
prevents damag e to the Dutch film 
in my Japanese camera while 
ensuring tha t tbe Belgian chocolates 
don't melt in the hand of my Home 
Counties-bom-and-bred sweetheart 

At least British is still best in one 
area of my life. 

Yours faithfully. 


70 Malford Grove. 

South Woodford, El 8. 

January 8. 

From Mrs G. H dm wood 
Sir, To anyone who has tried to read 
a map which has shared a hot 
journey with a bar of chocolate, an 
air-conditioned glove box would 
indeed be welcome. 

Yours sincerely, 

. gabrielle holmwood, 

56 Windsor Road, E7. 

Wbat the man or woman said - 
the originating source and perhaps, 
just as importantly, the m 3 nnffr of 
saying - must in every respect be a 
truer account than any inevitably 
subjective written summation, no 
matter how highly motivated. 

Indeed, a century ago Bismark, on 
hearing a recording for the first time, 
said oflhe process that it could “be a 
dangerous thing for diplomats and 
also a good thing as they would be 
forced to tell the truth’'. 

Yours faithfullv, 


36 Thorn Park, 




January 10. 

From Mr Alan Beilh. MP for 
Bcnvick-upon-T weed (Liberal) 

Sir. William Wallace (feature. 
January 9) could scarcely have 
imagined that his article advocating 
greater openness in government 
would achieve such a rapid response 
from the present Administration. I 
had scarcely had time to read tbe 
hem before I discovered that the full 
Press facilities of ihe Ministry of 
Defence had been deployed to allow 
a senior Cabinet minister to give an 
account of what had happened in 
that day’s Cabinet meeting, and of 
the contents of recent Cabinet 

Although this minister is not 
personally in a position to continue 
these reforms, it was obvious from 
the evening TV news bulletins that 
other senior ministers bad gone to 
great pains to amplify these accounts 
of Cabinet meetings, which presum- 
ably indicates that the trend is 
officially approved and will con- 

! am confident that after Thurs- 
day's events neither Mrs Thatcher’s 
Administration nor British govern- 
ment in general will ever be quite 
the same again. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

siderably in comparison with the 
independent sector. 

5. We have not only had virtually 1 2 
months of industrial action in the 
years 1985/86. bnt 1986 will sec the 
fourth year of industrial action out 
of the last five. I beg to suggest that 
there is no public-sector undertak- 
ing, let alone any private-sector 
concern, which can “boast” quite 
such a record. Independent schools 
are seen as an “oasis of calm" in 
such a turbulent sceneL 

If we can achieve a settlement of 
the 1985 dispute, then it is obviously 
incumbent upon the teachers’ 
organisations and on the employers 
to make their contribution to a 
resolution of the above issues by the 
negotiation of a new structure for 
salaries and promotion, a new 
contract defining duties and re- 
sponsibilities and a sensible system 
of appraisaL 

Let there, however, be no doubt 
that it is equally incumbent on this 
Government to make its contri- 
bution, both by ensuring that an 
adequate sum is devoted to financ- 
ing that new structure (and it will 
cost more than £1-25 billion) and by 
amending its current policy towards 
expenditure on all age ranges of 
education, a policy which is seen by 
many to be quite frankly Philistine. 
Yours faithfully, 

DAVID HART, General Secretary, 
The National Association of Head 

Holly House, 

6 Paddockhall Road, 

Haywards Heath, 

West Sussex. 

January' 6- 

However, it is necessary for many 
patients to accept medication and 
other forms of care whilst at home 
(whether or not they have been 
treated as an in-patient) if their 
condition is not to deteriorate. Such 
was the situation of W and L in the 
reported case. 

Many patients not appreciating 
the need for such continuing 
treatment will refuse medication, 
and as a result their condition will 
relapse, requiring urgent and often 
distressing admission or re- 
admission to hospital for treatment, 
frequently as a detained patient. 

In the White Paper, Review of the 
Mental Health Act 1959, September, 
1978 (Cmnd. 7320, chapter 4) tbe 
Government considered various 
alternative methods of maintaining 
patients in the community by 
subjecting them to continuing power 
of compulsory treatment, whether or 
not they had first been treated in a 
hospital as a detained patient. 

The alternatives considered in- 
cluded guardianship in a revised 
form, the introduction of com- 
munity care orders (proposed by the 
British Association of Social 
Workers), or the introduction of 
specific powers restricting the liberty 
of fee individual only to fee extent 
necessary to ensure that essential 
treatment was undertaken in the 
community (fee “essential powers" 

In fee event none of these 
alternatives was adopted and guard- 
ianship still remains fee only 
available authority, but of little use 
in such circumstances. 

However, if the present policy of 
transferring fee maximum number 
of patients from hospital care to the 
community is to succeed, there must 
surely be a change of policy and the 
imposition of some form of 
compulsory treatment upon those 
unfortunates who cannot otherwise 
survive outside hospital without 
detriment to their own health or 
safety, or to the wellbeing of those 
around them and the public at large. 
Yours faithfully, 

JAMES A COOKE (Chairman, 
Mental Health Review Tribunals. 
South East and South West Thames 
Regional Hospital Board Authority 




Go dalming , 



Stranded in Spain 
without a penny 

From Mr R W. Wild 
Sir, On New Year's Eve, in a busy 
street in Barcelona, in fee middle of 
fee day, my wife and I were robbed 
of a wallet containing all our 
Spanish paper money. The method 
employed by fee thieves was simple 
but effective. 1 will not publicize it, 
as it would be easy to use by 
miscreants anywhere. 

The police referred us to fee 
British Consulate-General. This 
involved us in (for us in our 
seventies) a not inconsiderable walk. 
The few coins we had were 
insufficient to pay for transport or 
for any refreshment. 

Because the banks were already 
shut we could not change sterling 
and we had already used fee. day's 
allocation available on our Visa card 
which would extract money from 
automatic dispensers. 

Tbe staff at the Consul-General's 
office could not have been more 
sympathetic and, as far as possible, 
helpful. We were horrified to learn, 
however, that the Government 
makes no funds available 10 its 
representatives to make loans in 
such cases. 

A lady in the office was good 
enough to change a £10 note for us 
out of her own purse, for which we 
were grateful. It meant that, by 
careful choice, we could at least have 
a belated sandwich luncheon and eat 
(if not actually dine) in fee evening. 

Officially, however, tbe Govern- 
ment would be content 10 leave 
penniless two elderly, hungry and 
footsore citizens, in a foreign city on 
fee eve of a public holiday. This 
hardly accords with the maintenance 
of the dignity of the British presence 
abroad. The Foreign Secretary, in 
our passports, requires, on behalf of 
her Majesty, “all those whom it may 
concern ... to afford fee bearer such 
assistance and protection as may be 
necessary”. It is high lime he gave 
his own staff the resources to do 

Yours sincerely, 

R. W. WILD, 

14 Liflington Close, 

Leamington Spa. 


January 8. 

Statistical wealth 

From the Director of Statistics. 
Inland Revenue 

Sir, Mr Wynne-Griffife (January 8) 
seems to imply that Inland Revenue 
recommends the exclusion of State 
pension rights from estimates of the 
distribution of wealth. This is not so. 

Inland Revenue Statistics. 1985. 
contain estimates of fee distribution 
of wealth on three bases: marketable 
wealth, marketable wealth plus 
occupational pension rights, and 
marketable wealth plus occupational 
and State pension rights. These are 
generally known as series C, D and E 

Inland Revenue has long rec- 
ommended fee use of series C or E 
depending on wlielher pension 
righis are relevant to the point under 
discussion. Series D is included in 
an appendix for reference, on fee 
basis feat it may occasionally be of 

Tbe arguments about non- 
pension State benefits (which Mr 
Wynne-Griffife refers to in his last 
paragraph) are complex and involve 
considerable problems of valuation 
and estimation. The tables in Inland 
Revenue Statistics provide a starting 
point for those who wish to attempt 
to go further. 

Yours faithfully, 


Director of Statistics. 

Inland Revenue, 

Somerset House, WC2. 

January 8. 

Music while you wait 

From Mr Dillon Welchman 

Sir, 1 have noticed a sudden increase 

in fee number of companies 

employing piped music to mollify 

telephone callers while keeping them 


Initial irritation is dispelled with 
fee thought that at least one is still 

I was not sure the other day, 
however, whether lo be encouraged 
or depressed when, on calling a 
Heathrow hotel, I was played 
“Abide wife me.” 

Yours faithfully, 


1 1 Holmbush Road, SW1 5. 

January 9. 

Which chestnut? 

From Mr Peter Dagna/i 
Sir, The Director of the Henry 
Doubleday Research Association 
asks (January 3) for information of 
the repellant effect of chestnut wood 
on inF.Tts. Perhaps when he has 
assembled evidence about England, 
he might care to exchange infor- 
mation with a French opposite 

Whilst gazing at several beautiful 
roofs in Aquitaine, I have been 
informed by host or guide feat fee 
timber I was looking at was 
chdlaigne, the sweet chestnut, 
which, in addition 10 other qualities, 
repelled spiders; for example in 
Montesquieu's library in fee Cha- 
teau de la Brtdc. 

Alas, fee chestnut ceiling put in 
for me in that pan of the world, 
whilst otherwise pleasing, is not 
spiderproof despite fee assurances 
of ray carpenter. 

Yours faithfully, 


16 Reckitt Road, W4. 

From Miss C. J. Loosmore 
Sir, The Chateau of SuIly-sur-Loire 
contains a fine example of chestnut 
timber work. (Sweet chestnut, 
according to Richard Wade in the 
Companion Guide to the Loire). 

The Michelin guide to the 
chateaux of the Loire says of Sully 

The upper hall of the keep has the finest 
timber-work that has come down to us 
from tbe Middle Ages. After more than 


JANUARY 14 1861 

In 1858 Chino signed the Treaty of 
Tientsin with Britain and France. The 
following year tear broke out when tile 
Chinese failed to comply with the 
treaty's provisions. It ended with the 
copuire of Peking during which British 
and French troops footed the emperor's 
Sumrner Pclac. During the campaign 
Thames William Bowlby The Times 
Special Correspondent was ambushed 
and tortured to death. 



PEKIN, Nov. 7, I860. 

Since xny last date everything hes 
best going on moat smoothly. The 
Treaty has been signed by tbe 
Emperor, and is being printed in 
Chinese, for distribution over the 

The allied forces are leaving as last 
as possible. The last will be on their 
march to the Taku Forts, or Tieo-tsm. 
on the 9th or 10th. The French left on 
fee 1st. to embark for Cochin China 
and Madagascar. I have heard it is 
intended these troops are never to 
return to France, the expense being too 
great, but they wiD be expended at the 
two ahovenemed places. Before they 
left fee French Roman Catholic 
missionary bishops were presented to 
Prince Rung with great pomp. On the 
2d fee English troops which were 
encamped and quartered in fee villages 
about three miles from Pekin were 
concentrated round the gate we hold, it 
being thought they were too much 
scattered wife an army of 30,000 
Tartars so dose to them. "This army is 
fee Emperor’s guard, and when he 
made it known that he intended to 
retreat wife it 30 miles to the west of 
the city his council addressed a 
memorial to him, which was found in 
the Summer Palace, stating “that they 
all had the profoundest reverence for 
the skill which prompted such a 
measure, hut to their weak minds it 
occurred it would be belter if he left the 
city to march eastward, and assist San- 
ko-lin-sin; they also begged to remind 
him of the important and significant 
fact that every one of his august 
ancestors who had taken fee same step 
had never returned at all, or were 
brought back as prisoners." He went, 
however, and these troops are 
intrenched between him and Pekin. He 
is about 30 miles away in fee 
mountains, ready for a start into 
Tartary at a moment's notice. His 
brother. Prince Kung. cniH to be fee 
most intelligent of the Imperial family, 
paid a friendly visit- to Lord Elgin at 
the Embassy on the 3d. He camn in a 
sedan chair, and was accompanied by a 
host of every variety of the genus 
Mandarin on foot and horseback, feeir 
grades being known by the peacock's 
feather or different coloured balls on 
the crown of their caps: first comes fee 
feather, then the red ball, then the blue, 
and, lowest of all. the white one. It 
struck me forcibly at the time that at 
least two-thirds of their number were 
more or less marked with fee smallpox. 
Some, according to Chinese notions of 
male beauty, must be considered very 
handsome, for they were enormously 
fat; others haggard, thin, sharp-fea- 
tured. and waxen-looking, opium- 
smoking being written on their 

. . . After the treaty was signed 
permission was given for any one from 
the fleet, or the stations on fee road, to 
visit Pekin, or, as it is correctly 
pronuonced, 'Techin." Great numbers 
took advantage of the opportunity, and 
I dare say go back pleased wife being 
able to say they have been here, but 
very disappointed wife what they 
expected to see. for Pekin is, without 
any exception, the most contemptible 
city to a stranger I ever saw; it is built 
upon a perfectly level plain of mud. bo 
feat there is do drainage, the Peiho, 
into which it might be turned, being 14 
miles distant, and so sluggish in its 
current it would not carry what was 
thrown into it away. There are no 
latrines or any receptacles for filth, the 
public and crowded streets supplying 
all demands without regard to decency. 
Two or three of these are as broad as 
Regent or Oxford street, but the 
majority of them are very narrow. In 
the broad ones a mud cartway tuns up 
fee centre with a ditch of st a g nan t 
stinking water on either side, then 
comes a deep pathway, on which 
i tine rent vendors of everything, more 
particularly of old clothes, mended 
shoes, travelling “old curiosity shops,” 
and the m»n who has "killed his pig,' 
and brings it to market, erect their 
stalls, or spread their wares on fee 
ground- . . . 

Pekin is not nearly so large or so 
densely populated as we have always 
been led to believe. It has little or no 
suburbs, and, judging from a ride 
through both Tartar and Chinese 
portions, I should say it was not much 
larger than Manchester or Glasgow. 
The inhabitants certainly pack very 
closely, but then the houses are only 
one story, and every one has some 
pretensions to a garden behind it. 

600 years it is like new. There are no 
worms in the wood, no rot to attract fries, 
and therefore no cobwebs. This is due to 
the wood of the chestnut, and the great 
care taken by carpenters in other days. 
Trees aged 50 to 100 years were chosen, 
barked standing and squared off leaving 
only the heart. The beams were then kept 
under water for several years to wash the 
sap out of the wood, dried in the open air 
for several years more, coaled with 
disinfectant and finally assembled in 
such a way that air could circulate freely. 
Yours truly. 


33 rue de Revilly, 

75012 Paris. 

Far festive fare 

From Mr A. M. T. Sanders 
Sir, My brother was less successful 
in his conveyance of seasonal food 
to far-off places (Spectrum. Decem- 
ber 23 and letter, January 3). He 
tried to take a haggis to Fiji for 
Bums night, but while travelling 
through America he had to make a 
customs declaration. 

The customs official looked 
bemused when he declared a haggis. 
Rather than describe it, he produced 
it, only to be told: “You can’t bring 
salami into the United States of 

The haggis was confiscated for 

Yours faithfully, 


5 Eden Court, 

The Scores, 

St Andrews, Fife. 






January 13: By command of the 
Queen. Lieutenant-General Sir John 
Richards (Marshal of the Diplo- 
matic Corps) called upon His 
Excellency Mr Sons lane Tu'a 
Taumoepean-Tupou and Mrs 
Taumoepean-Tupou at the Tonga 
High Commission. New Zealand 
House, Haymarket, SWl this 
morning in order to bid farewell to 
His Excellency upon relinquishing 
his appointment as High Com* 
missioncr for Tonga in London. 

January 13: Princess Alice, Duchess 
of Gloucester. Cokrael-in-Chief, 
Royal Corps of Transport, today 
received Major-General V. H. J. 
Carpenter on relinquishing the 
appointment of Representative 
Colonel Commandant and Major- 
General W. Bate on assuming the 
apppointmemL Her Royal Highness 
also received Major-General D. H. 
Braggins on his retirement as 
Director General of Transport and 
Movements and on assuming the 
appointment as a Colonel -Comman- 
dant. RCT. 

Royal engagements 

The Queen will holds investitures 
on February 11. March 18 and 25. 
The Prince of Wales, on b ehalf of 
The Queen, wQl hold investitures on 
March 7. 11 and 13. 

The Duke of Edinburgh will visit 
Australia from May 11 to 29 and 
will carry out engagements in 
victoria, Queensland, Canberra, 
New South Wales and South 

The Prince of Wales will visit 
Harvard University in September 
for the 350th anniversary cel- 

The Prince of Wales, President of 
Business in the Community, will 
open the West Norfolk Business 
Enterprise Trust, King's Lynn, 
Norfolk, on January 23, and later 
will visit the World of Watercolours 
and Drawings fair and exhibition at 
the Park Lane HoteL In the evening, 
os CoIonel-in-Chief of The Para- 
chute Regiment, he will dine with 
officers or The Queen’s Guards, 
Second Battalion, The Parachute 
Regiment, at St James’s Palace. 

A service of thanksgiving for the life 
of Mr Nicholas MacMichad will be 

held in Westminster Abbey au 
6.1 5pm today. * 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr M. A. Bishop 
and Miss C. M. Smart 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Andrew, son of Mr 
and Mrs Francis Robin Bishop, of 
Casio n. Norfolk, and Christine 
Margaret, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Geoffrey Smart, of Barton 
Road, Cambridge. 

Mr R. F. W. Kent 
and Mbs H.M. Dale 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Francis Welbeny, 
second son of Dr and Mis P. W. 
Kent, of Oxford, and Hannah 
Margaret, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs H. D. Dale, of Feock, Cornwall. 

Dr M. R. Buckingham 
and Miss C.R.L. Holder 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr and 
Mrs R. Buckingham, of Sidcup. 
Kent, and Clare Elder, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs C. W. Holder, of 

Mr I. P. McGnffie 
and Miss S. G. G. Fowler 
The engagement is announced 
between lam. only son of Mr and 
Mrs P. A McGuffte. of Great 
Malvern, Worcestershire, and 
Susan, only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J. G. Fowler, of Acton Beauchamp, 

Mr J. W. Denny 
and Miss C A. Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between John W illiam, -son of Mr 
and Mrs James Denny, of Old Farm 
House, Goring-on-Thamcs, Berk- 
shire, and Charlotte Amanda, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R. C. 
Smith, of Hall Farm House, 
Gonalston, Nottinghamshire. 

Mr P. Moross 
and Miss J. D. Ross 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr and Mrs 
M. D. Moross, of Knightsbridge, 
London, and Julia, daughter of Mr 
■and Mrs N. Ross, of Hartlepool, 

DrCD. Fonlds 
and Miss J. A. Bndd 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher David, son of 
Mr and Mrs P. E Fouids. of 
Chelmsford, and Jane Amaryllis, 
cider daughter of Dr and Mrs M. 
Budd, of Hereford. 

Dr S. H. Pe one father 
and Dr P. M. Thompson 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, younger son of Mr 
and Mis Brian Penne father, of 
Eshowe, Natal, S Africa, and 
Philippa, only daughter of Mrs J. R. 
Fewtass. of Welton. Brough. East 
Yorkshire, and of Mr C. C 

Mr P. G. Gray 
and Miss A. M. Coxon 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Ueutenant- 
Colonri and Mrs G. E.' Gray, of 
Wun bourne. Dorset, and Alice, 
daughter of Mr ana Mrs A. H. 
Coxon, of Edinburgh. 

Mr J. R. Harvey 
and Miss G. Read 

The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Richard, son of 
Dr N. E Harvey, of Ho niton. 
Devon, and Mrs P. J. Harvey, of 
Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, and 
Charlotte, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
C. W. F. Read, of Roscdale, North 

Mr P.POwis 
and Miss S. Hayward 
The engagement is announced 
between PauL son of Mr and Mrs D. 
Powis. of Walsall. Staffordshire, and 
Sara, daughter of Dr H. T. Hayward 
and Mrs S. Hargreaves, of Worces- 

MrD. W.Scfaiff 
and Mbs J. P. Collier 
The engagement is announced 
between Duk Willem, son of Mr 
and Mrs E. L C Schiffi of The 
Hague. The Netherlands, and Jane 
Phyllis, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J. S. Collier, of Upton. Ocho 
Rios, Jamaica. 

Captain T. G G. Hunter, RM 
and Miss G F. Fitzpatrick 
The engagement is announced 
between Toby Hunter, Royal 
Marines, son of Dr and Mrs G G. 
Hunter, of Torpoint, Cornwall, and 
dare, daughter of Mr and Mrs J. P. 
Fitzpatrick, of Leatherhead, Surrey. 

Mr M. R- Sttdler 
and Miss E. G Gaffney 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr and 
Mrs Alfred Stadler, of London, and 
Elisa, only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Thomas Gafmey, of Mayfield, 

Royal Astronomical 
Society awards 

The Royal Astronomical Society 
has made the following awards for 

Gold medals: Professor A. Dalgar- 
no. of Harvard University, for his 
studies of interstellar chemistry and 
physics: and Professor G. Backus, of 
the University of California, San 
Diego, for his contribution to the 
geophysical dynamo theory and to 
the deduction of the Earth’s internal 

Hersche! medal: jointly to Dr A. 
Boggess, of the Goddard Space 
Flight Centre. Maryland and, 
Professor R. Wilson, df University 
College London, for their funda- 
mental contribution to the success 
of the international ultraviolet 
Explorer satellite. 

Jackson-Gwill medal and gift: 
D.F. Malin. of the Anglo-Australian 
Observatory, fbr his development of 
new techniques in astronomical 

Birthdays today 

Captain Sir Alastair And, 55; 
Professor Sir Melville ArnotL. 77; 
Mr Peter Barkworth. 57; Mr 
Richard Briers, 52; Baroness Brooke 
of Ysiradfelte. 78: Lord Cauo, 63; 
the Most Rev Derrick Childs. 68; 
Miss Faye Dunaway, 45; Miss 
Maina Gielgud. 41: Sir Arthur 
Hoolc. 62: Professor Sir Hans 
Korn berg. 58; Mr Trevor Nunn. 46; 
Sir Neil Pritchard. 75; Mr C. R. 
Reeves, 50; Sir Percy Rugg, 80. 

Eaton Hall OCS 

The thud reunion dinner of former 
officer cadets and platoon com- 
manders and former naval cadets of 
Royal Naval College. Dartmouth, at 
Eaton Hall, will be held in London 
on Wednesday, March 12, 1986. 
The Duke of Westminster will be 
present Will all those who wish to 
attend please write to Miss Sarah 
Johns, 12 Great George Street, 
London, SWl. 

Company of Gold and 
Silver Wyre Drawers 

The following were installed officers 
of the Company of Gold and SOver 
Wyre Drawers at an installation 
court held yesterday at Innholders’ 

Master Mr Ronald R. Elliott; 
Wardens: Mr Richard M. Thorpe, 
Mr Godfrey M. Davit Mr Peter; G. 
Nathan and Mr M. J. Hollins. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments, include: Capt- 
ain B. T. Brown, Royal Navy, to be 
promoted Rear-Admiral on January 
28 and to be Director General Naval 
Personal Services, In succession to 
Rear-Admiral W. A. Higgins. 

Mr Christopher Everett, Head- 
master of Tonbridge School to be 
chairman of the Headmasters 
Conference (HMC). in succession to 
Mr Bruce McGowan. 

Commercial Bank of Wales 
announces that its Base Rate has 
been, increased from 11 Ya% to 
12 V* % on 10th January, 1986. 

Interest payable on Demand 
Deposit Accounts will be at the net 
rate of 8 Ya % per annum — 
equivalent to a gross rate of 
11.429% per annum to basic rate 

Bank of Wiles 



Head Office: 114-116 Si Mary Street, CwdtfTCFl 1XJ 


Mr D. G. Ferguson 
and Miss EL J. NichoDs 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, January 4, 1986, at- St 
Andrew’s United Reformed 
Church. Sheffield, between Mr 
David George Ferguson, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs G. Ferguson, of 
Belfast, and Miss Hilary Jane 
NichoDs. younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R. A. NichoDs, of 
Sherborne. Dorset. The Rev P. 
Chave officiated. - - 

The bride was given in marriage 
by her father and attended by Miss 
Ruth Ferguson and Miss Naomi 
Ferguson. Mr D. Allison was best 

The reception was held at Ribes 
HaU, Matlock. 

Mr J.G.R. Griggs 
and Miss A. P. M. Smith 
The marriage took place on Friday, 
January 3. at the Church of St 
Lawrence Jcwiy-ncxt-GufldhaU. in 
the Gry of London, between Mr J. 
G. R. Griggs, of Jersey, and Mrs A. 
P. M. Smith, ofEpping, Essex. 

Mr B.P.J. Pearce 
and Mrs B.J. Hardy Gilllngs 
The marriage look place on January 
4, in Grantham between Mr B. P. J. 
Pearce and Mrs B. J. Hardy Gilllngs. 

Mr R. Turner 
and MisaL. Forbes 
The marriage took place on 
Tuesday, December 31, at St 
Drostan’s Church. Insch, Aberdeen- 
shire, of Mr Richard Tumor, son of 
Mayor and Mrs Anthony Tumor, of 
Foxley Manor. ■ Malmesbury, Wilt- 
shire, and -Miss Louisa Forbes, 
youngest- daughter of Mr A. G-. D. 
Forbes, and Mis Alision Forbes of 
Druminnor Castle, Rhyme,. Aber- 


Cobham Hall 

Co hham Hall's Spring Term starts 
today with Katherine Cater as the 
guaroiam The confirmation service 
will be conducted by the Bishop of] 
Tonbridge on Friday, March 14 and 
the school play will be performed on 
Sunday, March 23 at 2.00 pm. Term 
ends on March 25. 

Dean Close School 
Spring Term starts today. Mark 
Hughes is head of school David 
Morgans captain of hockey, .and 
Samantha Wilkinson captain of 
netbafl. 1886 was the year. of. the 
foundation- of the school and there 
are special celebrations this year. In 
addition, the school architect is 
designing major, new buildings for 
both the senior and junior schools. 
Examinations for the sixth form 
scholarship - will take place on 
February 6, and for the music 
scholarship on March 3. Confir- 
mation will be m March 16, 
conducted by the Bishop-elect of 
Tewkesbury, the Rt Rev G- D. J. 
Walsh. The commemoration service 
will be held in Gloucester Cathedral 
on March 22. and Verdi's Requiem 
will be performed on March 23. 
Term ends on March 25. 

Dover College 

Term begins today at Dover College, 
and Dover College junior school. 
Old Dovorian Day is Sunday. 
March 2. Confirmation Sunday is 
March 9. The school play. Ben 
Travers's Plunder, will be per- 
formed in the refectory from 
Wednesday, March 12 to Saturday, 
March 15. Term ends on Saturday, 
March 22. 

Fettes College 

Spring Term began on January 9. 
Tom Usher continues as head of 
school, -with Susan Barnard and 
Keith Hannah as his deputies. The 
Dean of Windsor win preach on 
January 26 and the Archbishop ofSt 
Andrews and Edinburgh will give 
the Lemon Address on February 20. 
The scholarship examination begins 
on February 19. The London Old 
Fettestan dinner is on February 21. 
Jesus Christ Superstar will be 
performed during the week of 
March 3 to 8. and a ball, in aid of 
Cancer Rebel will be held an 
March 22. Term ends on March 26. 

Plymouth College 

Spring Term begins today at 
Plymouth College and N. J. Barron 
remains head of school. Confir- 
mation service will be conducted by 
the Bishop of Plymouth at 9J0lam 
on Sunday, February 9. Term ends 
on March 20. 

St James's and the Abbey 
Spring Term begins today at St 
James's and Toe Abbey, West 
Malvfern. under the new headmis- 
tress, Miss EML MuUenger. Scholar- 
ship examinations will be held on 
February 25. 

Westminster School 
Lem Term begins today. There are 
604 in the great school and 252 in 
the under school. Lynda Stuart 
(Liddell’s) is captain of the schooL 
On February 6 the Tizard lecture 
will be given by Lord Marshall of 
Leeds. The exeat is from February 
14 to 18. The school concert is on 
February 26. The confirmation 
service in Westminster Abbey on 
March 5 will be taken by the Right 
Rev Lanncelol Fleming. Term ends 
on March 21. ■ 

Royal Norfolk 



The Queen has been elected 
president of the Royal Norfolk 
Agricultural Association and will 
make her first visit to foe annual 
Royal Norfolk Slow on Wednes- 
day, June 25, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh. 

^ ~~ *V. . i-HEfcv — — — ' 

Mr Harry Ognali, QC (left), a recorder who was a member of the crown team fothe 
Yorkshire Ripper case, and Mr John Alliott, QC (right) were sworn m yesterday as High 
Conrt judges at a ceremony in the House of Lords. Both are assigned to the Queen s 

Bench Division. 

A third Francis KHvert diary 
is bought by library 

A third diary written by the 
Rev Francis Kil vert, whose 
accounts of lift in a rural parish 
are regarded as bring of high 
literary value, has been dis- 

for publication by Durham 

Mr Kil vert’s diary, dealing 
with his days at Clyro near Hay- 
on-Wye, Powys, between April 
and June 1870, was widely 
acclaimed when it was pub- 
lished by the National Library 
of Wales in 1982. A second 
diary, d wiling with a holiday in 
Cornwall, is being considered 

The National Library of 
Wales bought the third, diary fbr 
an undisclosed sum from Mr 
Charles Harvey, the West 
Midlands friend of Mr Kil vert's 
niece, the late Mrs Essex-Hope, 
of Sussex. 

The diary was given to Mr 
Harvey by Mrs Essex-Hope 
after die had burnt more than 
20 other volumes 30 years ago 
because she felt the curate had 

an excessive interest in young 

“Mrs Essex-Hope acted has- 
tily in destroying all blit three of 
the diaries**, Mr Daniel Huws, 
Keeper of Manuscripts at the 
National Library of Wales said. 
“She was shocked by them, bnt 
by our standards today they 
were innocent. The three she 
did not bum she gave to friends. 

“The diary deals with the two 
months after the first diary ends 
and we hope to publish it once 
the details of the copyright have 
been sorted out** 

University news 



Lord Shackleton and Mr A Hourani 
have been elected to honary 
fellowships of Magdalen College. 

QUEEN'S nra ' Fra-- to ■ BrawM 

85? SSSjS 

at Urtvwmr _ to a MdM 


O^SSffloi^ftiwvfrfMit. cagjwq. to 

Dr 8 Salmons teriaSunoO to 

toatudy canttOI 
I devices txwrgtxBd by tkalctal imacfc. 

i (from Mart of HHory Torn. 
M E sum. Daranouab HMi 

Emeritus faOow- 


is?;: ScUrtaxnMs: M P 
formerly of B a d fWd 


Dr Peter Bettess has been appointed 
to the new Lloyd's Register chair oF 
offshore engineering from April 1. 
He is at present senior lecturer at the 
University College of Swansea. 

Elections (from October 1, 1986): 


Junior reMorch feOowstoto*: elastics- Mia 

DPI GcUwt. BA. MPhn. WoMboa CbBege. 
North senior scholarship*: Enaftsfr P 
Udayakutur. BA. MA rumvarAy of 
K®nsJa& MPhU CJawaharlal Nehru 
University) intake scholar. Si Edmund Halt 

Physics: A Usher. BA. mutuals and romter 

open scholar. St John's CDDasa. 



C48&3BS lo Dr D A Bran* and Mr K 
Roberts for worn centre usage and ttia 
quality of Ufa; an analysts of sodohHkml 
and pttvsloloqiear m adl alni s la a mtft 

I f un ss n ic snd iedd Was — fwh Ca y s c fc 
£79.530 lo Mr C V F Henfrsy lo study small 
producers and policy making In Urartian 
agriculture: £91.152 to Prod bm or C E 
Johnson to study tied! urn Uqulllcr for 
MdtnbBuer studies at low ta n a ar at u roe and 


The title of honorary reader in 
bibliography has been conferred on 
DrA.L Doyle. 


Mr Norman Williams, senior 
lecturer in surgery at Leeds 
University, has been appointed to 
the chair in surgery at the London 
Hospital Medical College from 
April I. 


boltuni Hqidaer hrMuOautr studies at 
low temperatures: £77.760 to Profsawr D 
A King to study surface EXAFfi core- level 
stun ptratoelociroii spoctrogcopy and 
NEXAF8 studies of wattes and ai ti to l ia tm. 


Emeritus Professor Robert A. 
Rankin has been elected dean of 
faculties for three years. 


The university has announced the 
award of the following honorary 

M As Mrs Morton Eames. Uanrhal 

srfc Mr Kameth Levs to nd . and 
journalist: and Mr Mam** Tboimm, 
cum poesr and former head of nwUc. BBC 

hto Magdl YMouh. ordtottwracto anroson. 
U- D: Mr Raymond. Edwards, tormer 

r 2£ < h2^mace l 'waES 

Profess or S ir Ronald Manm . 


Dr Mark Seaward, reader in 
environmental botany, has been 
awarded a gold medal -for his 
services to Polish botanical science. 

For the past eight years Dr 
Seaward has been engaged in 
collaborative research with the 
Institute of Botany at Wroclaw 
University, working on the insti- 
tute's plant coUccrions, and being 
engaged in extensive fieldwork 
programmes with emphasis on 
polluted materials. 



Lscnnro: Mr B R Pqnnock B8c (school of 

dectrtcsl mohtow tagfc Dr trnns 6 TUnwr. 
BSc. Pbn (adaooi of 



Wwstx Regional _Hsphh Aumorl tjr 

Harry Sacmnba. 

— The Bnr Euros Bowwn. for Ms 

emMrtbuOoa lo Itw rrflfltou* Ufa In Whim. 

Scianea and rng l n oorl qj 
Cove*: £ 87.675 to Dr N C 
professor D Smith ro 
studies of Half rates 
- - Howto; £136 

L<pSae»fc ■ 

cs&co* to P iufsjuur I L Maugham and fit 
O B P Strop . tor the SsMuy mm 

^SrrS^fcf lAjfio D r H M p ooTsqjtor 
mnnn Into usmwini ta-tasarium wOt of 


The following professional appoint- 
ments have been announced: 
Promisor Junto _ Cheatham- .Mpequr. 


bkdaolcal sdenco: in4 Prtfmra; Chanet 
WaitLarootnUmtcy and burinsas taw. 


Betoncw and EMtoMrtngRs 

Pntraar A w Ntooow said Mr A H Emory 

SSar, SS?3o5qioiJr,A.» 'cx-vawmv 

Wft £49.103 u Dr 

Edwwa M 


i- AasMctc for « 

Lradwaon £ 83 .100 to~ Dr.W'Q 
bran. tato panting and that 


Latest wills 

£lm for college 

Dr Constance Annie Poyser Wood, 
of Kenanglon, London left estate 
valued at £1388,163 net. She left 
£30.000, a life in tores* in a farther 
£30,000. and some effects to 
peisona! legatees, £2,000 to Newn- 
ham Collate, Cambridge, and the 
residue of ber estate to the Royal 
CoBeae ofRadioIatosts. 

Lady Glean, of Ipswich, Suffolk, left 
estate valued at £1^42,915 net. She 
left it mostly to her husband, Sir 
Peter Green. 

Mr Robert Ires, of Erpmgbam, 
Norfolk, formerly Recorder of Bury 
Sl Edmunds, lot estate valued at 
£449,098 net. 

Other estates include (net, before 
tax paid): 

Edhrooke, Mr Robert 'William, of 
Crowborough, East Sussex, surveyor 

Engels, Mr Ernest Theodore; of 

Chelsea. London, estate in England 

and Wales. 

Thaws, Mr Dillwys Malcolm 
Ewan, of Twyncyn, Dinas Powis, 
Sooth Glamorgan — ...£308,650 


Prime Minister 
The Prime Minister was the host at 
a luncheon yesterday at 10 Downixqi 
Street to mark foe second confer- 
ence of the UK-Japan 2000 Group, 
The guests included: 

Tha Ambassador of Japan. Mr Notoutootd 
Hawhan. Mr_Mtoqru toaua. Mr lstoxm 

MSWMtaM. Mr TakaaM MtUntoo. Mr Ktava 
NUzxdd. Mr Kamo SUL Mr TkaS&o 

Soktmoto. Mr Alsushl SbUnokotto. Mr 
x^oasM Yammoio. ^ ■ 

Mr Paul Opmtof>.-MP,MrThnJRimtan. 


MP. Mr BScfeoreJ ^nodham. MP^T,. 
Boardman. Mr Jamoa Prior. MP. Mr 
Patrick Jroldn. MP. Sir Mkftael PsSHmr. 
Sir Tarcnc* BMkcft Sir Mar Parker. Str 
MkSwel wuswa. Admiral Sir Jaroe* Ebert*. 

Mr Con ASMay^Mr WctwW Coictmtow, Mr 
Graham MCCamn. ' Profaoaor Ktom 
Thurlev. Dr wauam witoce. Mr 

Christopher Watheu. Mr Nfctiotoa WoUars. 


Feltmakm* Cranpany . 

The - Master's dinner of the 
Fdtmakers’ Company was held last 
night at Cutlers' Hafl. The Master, 
Mr David Wading, presided and the 
principal guests -were Mr Alderman 
and Sheriff 1 Christopher Collett and 

Mr Sheriff J. E. Neary, the Master of 
the Haberdashers’ Company, the 
Master of the Cutlers’ Company, Sir 
Hugh Wontner and tbe Provost of 
Coventry Cathedral. 

Meeting : 

Chartered Institote of Transport 
Mr J. R. Steele, director general. 
Transport Directorate, European 
Economic Community, gave a 
paper, “Transport, finance and the 
EEC to the Chartered Institute of 
Transport at a meeting in London 
yesterday evening. Tbs pre s ident. 
Mr J.K. Stuart, presided and 
afterwards entertained tbe speaker 

Parliament this week 

Hn m- OJ Ol: Financial 

Snnricg BUL aecpndl 
WadncwUy ClSOKj 



an Opooatttoo 

indratty (itxAm.. _ . 

"a# DBDiaviiw? OaSH 


Mtawcf tort 


■Plra ctorate of 

frand. Wfmane 

M^SSaro^ I toawrtaiicaofr 6 si 


aMont raatUag. 

| pass 


IT EEC aubcnauTifttoa B 

Trade and Mbhia 

on marOtme tr a nroa r t Poliar 

Church news 

Tha Rnr _P o Paaeaa. 

dlocaia of Euroya. »o ba Mto 

Cam odrai of Bn Koty Trtmty. Oxutar. 

S’tar'p' W la p tiWy . ArcMUhtp Of 
CMotunr'i Oflkw for Urban Priority 
~ Da tlH ■ Pnfetntoy of St PauTt 

Area, to t 

Tha Rn T 

to :bm VtoarJ 


Tht Itay O Ooto. .Aaalatont Curate. Wood 
On« Trom Mtetohy. dot— of Lundw, to 
ba Team War. . QaMfiS Valioy 

Mtobtry. SbafftoM. dtocaaa of SbtoOtM. 

Tha Rav- 0_W Hskao, Iknlt-lKlurat, 
The AaaunetoihMt. South Koihm. in 

WUh of Ot Auguattna. Wranmy Park, 

Boo — of Lraida ti . to ha Dornaanc Ctiastton 
gmajEWiep of c^dctHMar. dtoBaoTS. 

StSrtl CHunba^Vlcir. OW SwHvyn.' 
lUBa Bahmi and St w n n i t FatmA 
tfoona of (wnrr, to ba PrlaM-tn-cbraga. 
TbeRrvH r KURxrt. RM-UKton*, Hatr 
T rinity . Hora. tftocrae of Ctoltiutoar; who 
A toltm t CBWbJWM—. aan» dtoea o a . 

Science report 

Why smokers put on weight when they stop 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Doctors have discovered that 
people who smoke cigarettes 
expend 10 per cent more 
energy a day than non-smok- 
ers. Hence,, when they stop 
they will pvt on weight unless 
they change their- diet or 
increase their exercise routine. 

This finding by a group of 
Swiss and Swedish scientists 
shows that the frill benefits to 
be gained from stopping 
smoking require more than the 
willpower of abaadonlm the 

A huge number of individ- 
uals return to smoking because 

they put on weight after 
stopping. A better understand- 
ing of the reason cotdd 

encourage them, because they 
would know of the extra effort 
expected in their Initial 

Eight healthy, bat dgarette- 
smoking, volunteers in their 
twenties, took' part in the 
experiment. Each one spent 
two sessions of 24 horns in a 
metabolic ch a m b er, in which 
diet and physical exercise were 
carefully monitored. In' one 
session the vohmteers were 
allowed to smoke, and in the 
other they were not. 

The conclnsioa was that 
c i gar et te smokers expmided 
more than 200 calories hi 24 
horns more than non-smokers. 

When this is converted into 
potential excess weight, the 
scientists calculate that a sain 
of up to 10 kilograms could be 
expected unless the calorie 
intake or exercise regime 

noted when the physiological 
effects due to cigarettes^ 
stopped. Within 24 hours, foe 
excess energy expenditure also 
stopped. * 

An account of tbe experi- 
ment by a team working with 
Dr John Wahren at Hnodlnge 
University Hospital, Stock- 
holm, is published in foe Ntw 
England Journal of MaHdne. 
The report says protons 
studies of cigarette smoking 
and energy expenditure made 
measurements of periods of 
between five and 30 minutes. 

" The whole-body energy 
monitoring over-24 hours also 

The scientists are not 
certain about the wtriiMHiB 
of dgaictte-hriKcd stimn- 
iation of energy but they 
believe it b at Inst based in 
part on the response of the 
nerrous system. That was 
observed by an increase fn the 
amount of the - hormone, 
norepinephrine, produced by 
the body. 

Source: Nm England Journal 
of MtdicSne, v^ 314, no 2, p 




5s I 


. mr j. cast ROSjfey 

Fishing smd&ozeitfba^m 

■ Mr J. Carl Ross who died at 
his Home near Grimsby at foe 

age of 84 last veds, bnanen 

new life into Gnmsby^s past 
war fishing industry m foe 
1950s and 1960s and his 
pioneering ventures mto fo* 
moan food industry subse- 
quently ■ enabled foe town _ to 
ride the fell from grace resulting 
from foe demise of deep sea ana 
even near water trawling. 

Bom and; educated locally he 
served briefly m the Royal 
Navy in 1918 taking over his 
father’s fish mereb antmg firm 
in 1929. He commissioned foe 
port’s first diesel engine trawlers 
as early as 1934 arid took over 
the fleets of erstwhile Grimsby 
trawler barons, creating a 
formidable empire which subse- 
quently became known as the 
Ross Group. 

Following the Second World 
War and -while continually 
adding to his profitable fleet of 
trawlers, many of revolutionary 
rirsi gn, his dreams of making 
foe town a centre of the frozen 
food industry matured with 
startling rapidity. j 

Shrewd, brilliant and . an 
accountant with vision, be built 
and opened a succession of 
ftp pring plants and cold stores 
'marketing products from cream 
cakes to fish cakes to m ake to 
firm’s name household through- 
out foe countty. 

His horizons stretched from, 
the Gulf to Newfoundland and 


Svf ' 
i *• ' 


America and his\ 
of interests in 
print wrkva 

houses and notamy motorway »• 
service stations Vifo catniitt 

He bought tbe la«est chicken 
rearing business mtthe'Gtnmtzy - 
foe fewest firm of ftfoercisand ‘i 
at foe zenith of liuxbjreerwas * 
Grimsby'S pnnei^^ en^loyer j 
and in foe tote lvKJ F & : had foe 
largest fleet .the paqt had ever ; 

His .firm was stfocequently' , 

sM fo the ImpcrfaU-Ttijacco ^ 

company fitt , X47m. ] 

Hi . retired . in : .wa» ’■ 

appcrinied iug& .stew^id df foe ' - 
town to which he had contrfly '. 
uied so much. •' ' ! v j 

/. He. leaves a widows Etot- to \ 
whom he was marrit<F &» 56 i 
years and four children. j 


W. S. Graham the Scottish 
poet who died at his home in 
Cornwall ion January 9, aged 67; 
was one of the most distmetwe 
and verbally gifted wri ter s of his 
generation, widely acknow- 
ledged as a master by bn fHlow 
poets and by discenfing readers 
of contemporary English poets. , 
WHfiam Sydney Graham was 
bom in Greenock on Novmnber 
19, 1918. He was educated -at 
Greenock High School : and 
Newbattlc Abbey, near Edin- 
burgh. ' 

- His first book Gr ge Without 
Grievance appeared in 1942. 

As a young man he woiked as . 
an engineer,. but throughout his 
lift he was absolute^ devoted 
to, even obsessed by, Iariguage- 
aud the power of words. 

His rhetorical eariy poems 
carry echoes (rfHoplan^ Dylan 
Thomas, Joyce and Pomid, bu t 
by the time . of The White 
Threshold (1949), which was 
greatly admired by T. SL Eliot, 

who becamC his puMifoer^anil 

rhythmic: music ' wi^ch; were ' 
entirely hisown. ; 

The im^ery of the sea and 
' fishisgi and preoccuptoddn wifo 
'foe nature of lariguagcitselfi 
persisted, in Ms later bOdks, 
Malcolm Mooney\LcotdM^S\ 
and iMptemertifjnjXhevJtfpcts 
0979). ..... i 

‘Alter years of ^ru^lectvhB 
work b^an to .gain 'mbs: 
a ppreciation and ^ more and 
more devoted rcados. ... 

:■ His style of delivery befenre a 
live audienoewas uinfor^ttHtte, 
and he gave many public 
reaefrngs in this •country -arid - 
America. He, also travelled to. 
.Greeceand Crete. ■[: > - 

For many -yeafs he and his 
wife Jessie Dunsmuir lived in a 
cottage near Penzance; and 
much df the jmagery of his later 
work is coloared foe Cormsh 
land- arid sea-scape. . 


. ' Mr : Roderick Macaipine- 
Downie who died on January 9 
after a long fight ag^iiwt cancer,, 
was tbe designer of toe fastest 
sailing craft in foe world, toe 6fr 
foot - catamaran Crossbow H 
which in 1980 established a 
world record speed of 3d knots. 

Trained as an engineer*] 
Macalpine-Downie had the rare' 
quality ;of complete origin^ity 
in his., designs which were 
always extremely deganl both 
in concept and appearance. . 

He fust came to notice as foe 
designer ' of toe “C" . - class 
catamaran. Hellcat, - which in 
1961 captured the International 
Catamaran Challenge Trophy, 
popularly known as the “Little 
America's Cup”. 

• Subsequent boats -in this 
series held the trophy against all. 
comers until ' 1969 when no 
further owner came forward to 
mourif a defence. 

As soon as foe world sailing 

speed reebrd; was announced in 
-1972, Macalpine-Downie began 
work on foe 1 first Crossbow fbr 
Mr Tiraofoy' ; Cohuan: ’This 
remariraUe craft established 
and held foe wofeid record until 
1976 when the second Cross- 
bow was completed. These two 
boats have fori unique record of 
having . constantly held foe 
world Speol record from its 
inception until toe present : 


f • 


Before hi; death Macalpine- 
Downie had5been woriting on a 
torther design with which he 
hoped to rane the record to 
around 50 kndts. " 

In addition to. these highly 
specialized craft, he produced a 
number of crinsing multihulls, 
the best known bring the 30 
foot Iroquoisofwhich over300 
examples have been built. fBs 
offshore racing "boats included 
Robin Knox-Johnston 1 *. 60 foot 
catamaran British Airways: 


LS. writes: , 

The Rev John Hamilton 
Maxwell Stanifbrth, whose 
death at foe age of 92 ocriiped 
OD Boxing.Day, was a classical 
scholar at Christ Church, 
Oxford, before the First World 
War claimed his services as an 
infantry officer. 

Much later in life, when he 
was vicar of the Dorset villages 
of- Peniridge and ..Sixpenny 
Handley from 1952' to 1963. his 
scholarship had a second 
flowering which resulted in two 
readable translations which 
appeared as Penguin Classes 

shortly after his^ retirement the . 
Meditations of Marcus AufeUus \ 
in 1964, and Early Christian; 
Writings (theApostoIic FatfiersL 
in I96& In both his accurate 
scholarship is Worn very lightly. 

In 1982, Max, as hfr. was 
known to hjs fri«idsi was 
revealed in an jUustrated article 
m foe Radio femes as -having 
the (to him, dbubtfrd). distinc- 
tion of being the' fiist ever disc 
jockey, wfaen-he broadcast with 
Radio ,1930s 
after his return ffera Argentina: 

He was, in facL. much-more 
proud of having fiived. to b^itire 




Mr Sidney- Harrison, MBE, 
pianist- and teacher, died on 
January 8, aged 82. He showed 
himself to be 'something of a 
genius in leanhfng music, and 
uis programmes on television in 
which he was a pioneer reached 
an even wider audience than the 
radio broadcasts font preceded 
them. - 

He was born in London oh 
May 4,' 1903 and studied, at the 
Guidhall School of Music, at 
first part-time, - then foil-time 
with Orlando Morgan. In 1927 
he was appointed professor at 
the. school;, his twtrfifny a«H 
lecturing were widely spread 
aild he gave many «wq«»T 
classes. : .. ••• - 7 . : 

Oil radio and television he 
had an en g aging , button-holing 
approach, and toe pleasure be- 
stowed in passing on iris own 

pleasure, won fount many: ad- 
mirers, not least; with those 
whose acqumtancp wito the . 
subject was fairly rudimentary. 

He broadcast many .times on 
Music Mafpzzike, rind ! in 1950 
gave televised . piano -Jessotts- 
These formed toe basis of foe 
series Beginning : \to play the 
which achieved a success 
reminiscent .of Sir Waffbrd 
Davies’s popnfai* breradcasts on 
radio. - 

Hie was riratrqtan nf the : 
Euroi*an: Pian^Teacbers'.Asi .. 
sedation and editor crf it* ? 
quaxteriy Piano JhymaL , \ 

" He published more than' a „ 
dozen books, among foenv 
Music for the Multitude and The 
Ejoymmt of Music, titfes whicli ‘ - 
lUnstrate exactly Ids atfftnrle to , 
his subject ■ - " ~ £ . 

t; - 


Marcel Aria nd, the French which afflicted. France after^foc. ' K 
«“** ^ oE Hrst Worid Wfo. ' - ' 

letters, died on JannaryT2 athis * r Thereafter he nuWishedpro- - 
home near Fans. He was 86. ' Jifically, his. Work - : 

■r™ 11 . yarofoes-inir-vtoort stories, critical . stnfifeft 
Amana m^mndie-Comte, he essays andanfooltJgies.^ . 

joined the staff of the muRzine ' * He was dotted'' - to'^ u 

to faw**** ** 'Apadftnie francaisc iriI968-op 


Mtomng tht Second yoM ^ 

SAPS* wben^ne won foe on Januan 
PnxGoticourt m 192^wfrrlns 

novel X'Grtfee: wfucB Stark^an 

depicted foe moral disarray 1 1933 . 

:v. ’ 




.arid shewasr 









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m <- 

■ ■}) 


H \M 

t - : - i 


. h 



t rosiii 



'i .: 


Egqcutive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

tire ..Vigour and 

TfcsseyT W4 with 

ven qqr*‘, Sir J obn dark can summon; is 

dctcfflnnied ta fowarf-G£C arils bid to 
faS&; fiver The defence 

cations and electronics, but because 
refere nce to the MMC would give Plessey 

Time for what? Time to fond another 
S^SiSSSS^SSL ’^V.bidder, a white blight of. Plessey o™ 

P«%maiice '.choosing who would drive GEC from the 
£* ord field**Sir John Oaric would prefer almost 
to tone, Plessey anyone to take over his great inheritance 

Y * tUe ^ t “f 5 * GEC ton Lotd Wdnstoct But ^SSS 

rooted in apart, Sir John is well aware that 

L .commitment to Plessey- needs the extra clout and 

investment in technology 9 nnf ^ succsess- ’’ * * - — ■ 

fiiJ management of research and develop- 
ment”. ■ ■ • • • _■- 

It is obvious- that- G£fc would not be 

bidding for Plessey if Plessey were without 
practical -virtues, . and had - ■. nothing 
valuable to contribute. It is equally 
obvious that assaulting your opponent 
with selective statitics is a dangerous 
game. Two can play. 

The central issue is one, of survival. 

Would a merger with any other UK 
electronics business make sense? Hardly, 
with Racal, Thom and STC undear varying 
<3jegree.of pressure. A foreign group? That 
Would .immediately invite a crop of 
objections, not least from the Ministry of 

. It seems nontheless that Plessey will 
succeed in having the GEC bid referred. 
Certainly a reference is in the political 
wind. Sir Gordon Borri^ the Director- 
General of Fair Trading, bag now 
developed a finer sense of what may be. 
expected of him, though on a black «nH 
white issue he would no doubt remain his 
own maw. 

The minister responsible, the battered 
Leon firittan, may be sore about GECs 
involvement with the European consor- 

industria! dimensions that are the core of 
GECscase. ..... 

Plessey, like the. rest, is faced, not only 
with the- drawing together of powerful 
rivals in the United States, France and 
Germany, it is also acutely aware that 
much of the research and development 
work of the past on which it prides itself 
was largeJy financed by British Telecom 
and Her Majesty’s Government Those 
days are ova-. Plessey cannot go it alone 

' -<L —1 , - _ J- .■ ■ a> . 

of Plessey but the. survival of the British 
telecommunications and electronics in- 
dustries .in an international market 
dominated by giant companies. . 

As everyone in electronics, mot just 
GEQ recognizes, the* UK industry is 
handicapped by its fragmented structure; 

No British company has the management, 
technical- : -and financial : resources * to 
compete on more or less equal terms with 
the American, J apan ese and European 
majors. Not even GEC, whose total sales 
of £5.8 billion are overshadowed by 
American General Electrics £24J billion, 

Hitachi’s £16.1 billion. Philips* : £1B.1 
billion. Si emeu’s £ 1 2 . 1 billion and Toshi- 
ba's £10.8 billion. Size alone provides 
adequate means for creative research and 

development Without scale, manufectur- wiw± . 

ing coste are Hkely to remain uncompetiti- tiiim fighting’ for WestiandQ^fiiture. A 

high and new markets a folding 

Sir John .Clark, naturally, is not in the 
mood to , agree publicly with Lord 
WeimtOck's. analysis. Yet -at this vital 
stage the • main thrust of. Plessey*s 
campaign is to have the GEC bid referred 

decision by him to refer the Plessey bid 
might be construed as wrongly motivated. 
To be fair, a rational case for a reference 
could be made out. The issue at stake is 
little short of momentous. ' 

- Apart from the - delay, GECs cause 
impaign is to have the GEC bid referred . would be strengthened by a dispassionate 
■ the Monopolies and Mergers Coni- inquiry. Meanwhile tf there is any 
mission. Not so much because Plessey company other than GEC which can 
beb’evefs it can . overturn before the seriously attempt to secure the future of 
comnmssion .QECs arguments about the the British telecom unications and elec- 
new structure Britain needs in the tronics industry, the Department of Trade 
enabling technologies of telecommoni- should be fold. 

Clamour bn interest rates 

Traders ' scented blood yesterday;;; The -Against the dollar over those two hours, 
question uppermost in the mind. of the sterling fella jEufl cent, 
baying pack of the gilts market was not 
whether interest rates would rise, but 

when and by how much- The attrition in 
the market provided a grisly counterpoint 
to some of the harsh words flying 
backwards and forwards in the Commons. 

The day started calmly enough, with 
sterling quoted at *78.6 on the trade-weig- 
hted index; at S 1,4577 against the dollar; 
and at DM315655. Gilts .were easier all 
round Money markets were ahead, but 
not by an amount inconsistent^ with the 
week-end rate structure. . _ 

The Bank of Eb gland was in the money 
markets from the word go. After forecast- 
ing a £750 million, shortage, the Bank 
invited an early , round of mil offers.. The 
bulk of the forecast shortage was taken out . 
immediately, *• - • 

At that stage in -the day, both market 
and authorities were probably locked info 
a state of- exhausted equilibrium. The. 
discount houses had more or less 
• abandoned hope of any base rate cuts, 

. hence their wilungrdisposal oflonger dated 
. -. paper. The Rank may or may not have felt 
it had done enough in the markets to 
' massage sentiment It did not operate m 
' ■ . the bill market- at midday, and both, 
overnight and one month rates, were 
slightly easier, 

-i The rot set in round about 230pm.- 
- ; Three-month interbank 1 rates . suddenly 
• shot ahead to about 132 per cent „as 
sterling dropped like a stone on foreign 
’ V- exchange markets. Quoted at 783 on the 
v trade-weighted ’at 11 o’clock, by 1 o’clock, 
V-. it was down to 78, normally considered 
' the floor in the cairrent trading range. 

Meanwhile, February Brent oil futures 
eased some 50 cents, and through the 
crucial $24 a barrel level 

Real fear gripped the gilt market, as 
traders sensed that the market was flying 
into some kind of emotional blackhole. 
Hostile factors, like base rate fears; the oil 
price; bad news from the United States; 
and at best an abiding sense of consti- 
tutional uncertainty all appeared to hit 
sentiment simultaneously. 

The authorities will need to play their 
cards very carefully over the next few 
days, if they are to withstand successfully 
last night's full-throated clamour for 
: bigger and better base rate rises. Their task 
of restoring calm to markets has been 
made more tricky by the taflspin develop- 
ing simultaneously inNew York. 

Moves by the Reagan Adnuiiistratioh to- 
trim the Gramm-Rudman legislation, ’ 
which was drafted initially to reduce the 
. strain of Federal deficits on markets, have 
not . helped sentiment, and bond prices 
opened down yesterday morning in New 
York.. . - . 

. Meanwhile, the dollar has been recovers 
fog fast, boosted by a higher Federal funds: 
rate* Yesterday Fed funds opened at 8%«; 
per cent, and this helped push the dollar to • 

. DM2.4855, or well through recent resist- I 
ance levels. Traders in New York expect 
good numbers this week on retail sales and 
output, with both’ sets of data possibly 
confirming that the United States is well 
set on a growth tack. 

These numbers,, conceivably, might 
trigger off . rate changes in the United 
Kingdom. . - 

attack on ‘lack-lustre’ GEC 

®y Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

GEC was quacked yesieniay ment on which Britain's pos- chairman, said that Plessey 
* a lacklustre conglomerate mon in dectromes depends. -* -** - J 


with a poorl . record in high 
technology and with a financial 
performance characterized ■ by 
mediocrity." • - 
The astonishing description 
of Britain's leading electronics 
came from Sir John 
chairman of Plessey, 
when he launched Plessey’s 
formal defence against GECs 
£UTbflGon takeover bid. 

Sir John said he genuinely 
believed that shareholders, 
customers and employees 
would suffer if the GEC bid was 
successful 1 and he made a 
“passionate plea" both to the 
Government and shareholder 
for continued independence. 

He said: “GECs manage- 
ment is obssessed with financial 
considerations and is addicted 
to short-term, profits at the 
expense of investment in 
product and market develop- 

OTin etecutnucs oepenos. defence document was largely 

r t ^^L 0u P« ta . 0l °8 y >° based on 
put credibility back into as 
uni m pressive performance. 

They need out people and they 
need our products but a GEC 
takeover would jeopardize, and 
on the evidence, quite easily 
destroy the very assets that 
make Plessey so attractive”. 

The venom of Sir John’s 
attack shocked the GEC camp 
which has so far diplomatically 
avoided even the mildest 
criticism of Plessey’s manage- 
ment record in the hope of 
achieving an agreed deaL 

That prospect was all but 
ruled out yesterday by Mr Peter 
Marshall, Plessey’s finance 
director, who said the offer 
would need to be very, very 
substantially higher to win 
board backing," We are not for 
sale”, he said. 

Mr James Prior, GECs 

sertions and contain^ man y 
inaccuracies and misleading 

"The attack on GEC repe- 
sems an unwarranted and 

Department of Trade and 
Industry and the Ministry of 

The combined group would 
have more than half the defence 
ministry's procurement budget 
for missile sustems and elec- 
tronics. Plessey said, damaging 

I I* , . _ T- WWUtiiJ, M .Hi 11 4 , M B I li nfclU fr 

unjustifiable criticism of one of ihe ministry's aim of more 
Britain’s most successful enter- competitive tendering. 

Prises", he said. 

The 30-page defence docu- 
ment presented a “caricature of 
GEC and fanciful idealization 
of Plessey", Mr Prior said. 

Plessey’s defence document 
contains a detailed critique of 
GECs record on acquisitions, 
saying that, on the evidence of 
the three most recent takeovers, 
Averys, Picker Corporation and 

It also said that British 
telecom's modernization 
gramme might suffer if 
were to take over from Plesse 
as prime contractor on Sstem 3 
public telephone exchanges. 

The combined company 
would have 65 per cent of the 
PABX private telephone 
switchboard market, Plessey has 
told the Department of Trade 

ABDick, it is not a record of - and Indus iry- 

can be proud. The Takeover Panel con- 

ine company said it had firmed that it has told Plessey lo 
Pte ujfor a Monopolies cancel two meetings it was to 
M ?^F°. mEnission ^cfer- have held with financial ana 
of GECs bid both to the lysts 

and M< 

Record low 
price rise 
at factories 

. By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

Industry’s raw material and 
fuel costs fell by 6.1 per cent in 
the 12 months to December, the 
biggest decline since the I9S0&. 

Prices charged by manufac- 
turing industry last month wre 
only 5 per cent higher than a 
year eariier. the smallest 12- 
month rise since 1974 when 
records started. 

The index of manufacturing 
industry's raw material and fuel 
costs actually rose by 2.2 per 
cent last month, compared with 

This was mainly because of 
the usual seasonal increase In 
electricity costs, with the higher 
level of maximum demand 
charges. This accounted for 
around three-quarters of the 
monthly increase. 

In addition, prices of domes- 
tically produced food were 
higher, there was no significant 
rise in the cost of imported 
materials. The pound’s average 
against the dollar, £1.4460, was 

12-month rates of change 

Input ’ Output 
Prices (%) Prices (%) 

1984 Q1. 






. Q3 






1985 Q1 












Source; Department of Tnnl» S Industry 

half a cent up- .on November, 
despite pressres during the 

The 6.1 per cent decline in 
input prices, measured over 12 
months, compared with a 53 
per cent fall in the year to 
November. It was the sixth 
consecutive month in which 
inflation, on his measure, has 
been negative. 

Output prices rose by 03 per 
cent between November and 
December^ reflecting small 
increases across the board. This 
compared with a 0.4 per cent 
November increase. 

Cadbury to sell UK 
division for £ 82 m 

By Cliff Feltham 

Cadbury Schweppes is plan- 
ning to raise £82.5 million from 
the sale of its British food and 
beverage business to the man- 

But confirmation of the deal 
yesterday was coupled with a 
warning that the year’s results 
would be depressed by losses in 
the United States. Some brokers 
promptly slashed forecasts by 
more than £20 mflion. 

The buy out involves familiar 
brand names such as Typhoo 
tea. Ken co coffee. Marvel dried 
milk, and Chi vers and Hartley 
jams. Smaller divisions in 
Ireland and France are in- 
volved, and a total of 5,000 

Cadbury Schweppes says the 
operation no longer fits in with 
its worldwide confectionery and 
drinks business and it has 
received a number of ap- 
proaches in recent months. 

There was speculation in the 
City that the announcement 
was also intended to flush out 
any rival bidden. 

The management team of 
eight is led by Mr Paul Judge, 
aged 36, formerly managing 
director of Cadbury Typhoo. 

Mr Judge said: "We have 

Sir Adrian Cadbury: warning 
of US loss 

some exciting plans for the 
business and look to an 
eventual flotation in the early 

Cadbury has faced difficulties 
in the United States caused by a 
build up of stocks and a new 
marketing strategy and yester- 
day. Sir Adrian Cadbury, the 
chairman, warned that a contri- 
bution. the previous year of £37 
million would be turned into a4 
loss this time. 

Disappointed brokers im- 
mediately downgraded their 
forecasts for the grop from £109 
million to about £89 million. 

Tempos, page 19 

Chloride regrouping plan 
to save £7m a year 

By Alison Eadle 

Sir Michael Edwardes, non- manufacturing, has already 

shrunk dramatically through the ' 

executive of Chloride and since 
last month acting chief execu- 
tive, yesterday unveiled a 
programme of staff cuts and 
reorganization which should 
save £7 million a year when 
fully implemented. 

The cuts will fall mainly on 
group headquarters and the 
central research team. Staff at 
Chloride's head office at Gros- 
venor Gardens, London, will be 
halved from about 76. foe 
company will move to cheaper 
offices taking only half foe 
space; foe research team will be 
more than halved from 1 75 staff 
and foe company will be 
reorganized on a product basis 
Chloride, whose business is 
almost exclusively battery 


It now has 1 1,000 employees 
worldwide, 4,000 of them in 
Britain, compared with 21,000 
worldwide in the late 1970’s, of 
which 1 1,000 were in Britain. 

Chloride made no pretax 
profit in the first half to 
September 30, £985, compared 
with profits of £5.4 million in 
foe comparable period foe 
previous year. 

Mr Ken Hodgson, foe chief 
executive, resigned in Decern 
ber when Sir Michael resumed 
control. Sir Michael left as 
chairman of Chloride in 1978 
when he went to BL, and 
returned as non-executive chair- 
man in 1982. 

LCE chief 

By Michael Prest 

Financial Correspondent 

Radical changes in foe 
statement of the London 
Commodity Exchange have 
been proposed by Mr Saxon 
Tate, its new chairman. 

If implemented, the pro- 
posals would turn the LCE into 
a private limited company and 
abolish foe present terminal 
market associations. 

The proposed changes, which 
have been put to all foe TMAs, 
envisage the associations using 
their reserves to buy shares in 
foe new company. 

Shares could be priced at 
£20,000 to give foe LCE an 
initial capital of £9 million.; The 
articles of association would 
prevent any one shareholder 
from having more than 10 per 
cent of foe company. 

For a maximum fee of 
£10,000 individuals could be- 
come trading members of the 
market, opening the way. for 
locals on the American pattern. 
A member could automatically 
trade any of foe LCE’s con- 
tracts. rather than being restric- 
ted. as now. 

The LCE’s main contracts are 
sugar, coffee, cocoa, rubber, gas 
oir and crude oil. The TMAs 
running these contracts would 
be converted into future mar- 
kets committees, responsible for 
the daily administration of 

But power will rest firmly 
with the new elected board of 
the LCE. 

• The London Metal Ex- 
change yesterday adjourned 
until Monday without deciding 
whether or when to resume Lin 
trading. But it left open the 
possibility of extending the 
deadline of the end of this 
month by saying that "foe 
board and committee rc-ilerate 
that the present tin situation 
cannot be tolerated beyond 
January 31.” 

The International Tin Coun- 
cil resumes its full emergency 
meeting today. 

Pound falls 
1 .5 cents 

The pound,' which fell 137 
cents to SI. 4405 in London 
yesterday recovered to S1.4455 
in New York last night. The 
dollar was generally strong 
during the day on expectations 
that economic data due this 
week still show that the US 
economy is buoyant. However, 
it was hit by profit-taking later 
in the day. 

Sterling was generally steady, 
gaining a pfennig to DM3.5728. 
However, foe drop against the 
dollar produced a 0.5 point fall 
in the sterling index to 78.1 

Conditions in the money 
markets remained nervous, 
with rates pushing np on oil and 
exchange rate wories. The level 
interbank rates, with one- 
month money at a middle rate 
of 1 3 per cent, is consistent with 
a half-point base rale rise. 

Further dip in 
oil prices 

Oil. prices on world markets 
have again dropped, and there 
are indications that by foe end 
of this week prices for the 
summer months on foe New 
York futures market will near 
the psychologically S2G-a-barreI 

The price for deliveries of 
high quality North Sea crude in 
March were being quoted in 
London yesterday at S22.70 a 
barrel, and Dubai crude for 
delivery in February was being 
traded at S24.20 a barrel. In 
each case this represented a S5 a 
barrel fall from prices at the 
beginning of foe year. 

Macro offer 

Macro 4, a, systems software 
supplier is coming to the slock 
market via an offer for sale at 
105p a shares The offer values 
the company at £22.6 million. 
Macro is forecasting pretax 
profits 'of £3.01 million for the 
year to June 30, 19S6. 

• ' Tempos, page 19 
Prospectus, page 21-24 

The 20 billion yen Eurobond 
with warrants for Knbota has 
been launched in London with 
an indicated coupon of 3 per 
cent. It^is the first Euroyen issue 
to carry warrants. It matures on 
February 6, 1991. 

(Britannia record 

. Britannia Building Societv, 
the country’s tenth !arg»~p_ 
yesterday announced a 25.S pi? 
cent increase in assets, up £773 
million 10 a record £3.58 bilUcn 
level for the year ended 
December 31. Mortgage ad- 
vances totalled £861 million, an 
increase of 38.4 per cent on 
1984. The management ex- 
penses ratio dropped to 95p per 
£100 of assets, a record low for 
the society. 

36% rise in US 

NaiWest Bank USA pro- 
duced a net income of $54.6 
million (£37.6 million) in 1985, 
a 36 per cent increase from 
$40.1 million foe year before. 
Provisions for loan losses rose 
by more than $7 million to 
$51.5 million. 

Posgate return rejected 


The application by Mr Ian 
Pos gate, right; to return to 
active underwriting In the 
Lloyds insurance market was 
refected by the ruling council 
yesterday. He bad applied to be 
the underwriter of syndicate 
162, maM g w t by R L Glover. 
Mr Postgate has said he would 
apply for a judical review in the 
High Court if Lloyd’s turned 
hhn down. Known as the 
“Goldfmger” of the Insurance 
market le was sus pende d from 
underwriting in autumn 1982, 


R jso> . MAI buys 

■ Finance 

‘ «. By Richard Thomson ; 

- Backing Correspondent 

V. - • • Mills & Alien International, 
. ‘.te money broking group, 
.-Ushed its move ‘ into foe 
... ;■ ersonal finance market a stage 
•Ether yesterday - with the 
.. -^ uouncement of an agreed offer 

■ ;.v>r The Wagon Finance Corpbr- 
. ' ion, the instalment finance 

ttnpaay. *. 

'."'^MAI is offering five .of its 
’ ,': j idinary shares for . 12 Wagon 
•v’ares, valuing the. Wagon. 
. : : ;ares at 150p each and putting 
■ Vu-'ice tag of £35.5 million on the 
lance new ordinary shares to 
3p pay for the purchase. 

MAI' bought V. 14 per cent 
ake in - Wagon, in November 
vp now warns frill control to 
t -i>-‘ mpUment own money 
• .ops -which -offer insurance 
• ,%J _ .v^rvices. Together, the two 
? rr- ; mpanies will have neatly 200 

. . Sera nationwide.-.-' 

. Wa 8°n specializes mainly in 
: : * :t6 purchase financ e on car 

-,iri s i>tes while MAI is mainly. 
.* ' ‘ solved in motor insurance. 

,/AI aims 'to* use Wagon to 

« ! --Baud "-fttlwr 1 nn«iniils< 

.^pand into other: personals 

*[**>?:• *;?*&* areas- such as second 

BAT plans 

store sale 

By &n Griffiths 
-• BAT Industries is tio seD off 
its Gimbels, department stores 
to foe United States after 13 
years of ownership as part of an 
overhaul of its North American 
retail activities., .. 

The group, with interests 
front, tobacco .to fin a ncia l 
said yesterday that 
a third of hs 269 US 
were *up for sale as 
part ;of plan to rationalize 
operations . and cut out- poor 
performers.- .- • •• 

Mr Patrick Sheehy, BAT’S 
chairman, said font foe. group 
was still committed to retailing, 
The: group- .k. keeping foe 
prestigious Sides Fifth Avenue 
chain ’ 

BAT’S bankets' have started 

Ratners success 

r Ra.tueis (Jewellers) made 
profits of £155,000 before tax in 
foe six months to October 6, 
against a loss of £560,000 in foe 
same period of 1985. Turnover 
was np from £1 L3 million to 
£1 6.4 million and the wterim 
dividend - has been increased 
from 0.67p to 0.75p. - ■ 

Connaught Rooms sold 

Scott’s Restaurant, owner of London restaurants - foe 
London restaurants, is buying MirabUe and two Overtons fish 
Connaught Restaurants for restaurants. Connaught made 
£2.17 million from Mr Leopold pretax profits of £174,258 in 
Muller and Mr LeHe Jackson. 1984. _ 

Connaught owns the pan- Scott’s owns Scott’s in May- 
naught Booms conference and fnir, Sheekey ? s near Leicester 
banqueting complex Square and Drone’s in Knights- 

- Connaught also owns three bridge. 


expected to raise $600 rafiKon 
over the next year. However, 
there wfll stifl be si loss Of $175 
inlfliobWbodkv^ie-' ■ _ 

The llSretailfag sales of$33 

bason IjW will be cntjby 
about £33 SSffion as.a result of 
foe disposals, aihoiteh BAT 
jnmgcts that flie bulk of 5$i»- 

trading .profits of drent $150 


FT IndOrd —.1108.8 

FT AH Share -672.02 

FT Govt Securities .~~80.95 

13843 (-9J 

Bargains — 

Datastrearo USM —10837 (+033) 
New York 

Dow Jones ~.1 516.39 (+2J17) 


Nikkei Dow 12 I 977.Q2{-21.19) 

Kong Kong: 

Hang Seng — 1799.61 {-&33} 

Amsterdam: 258£(-3.‘ 

Sydney: AO -..1051.0 (+8. 


Brussels: . 

Genera) ~ — 

Paris: CAC 

..2083$ (-6.6) 

-772.S4 (-7, 

SKA General — — 

— *~n/a 


London faring: 

am.f ~ 
dose $340.75- 
Come* $340.85 




Wagon Finance 
Air rail — 



243p +43p 
_.15p +2p 


Wayne Kerr .93p+12p 

Atlantic Coop — ^235p +25p 

Jonas Woodnead J39p +4p 

MeHerware tnt 85p+8p 

Real Time Control 
UsterACo — 
Media Tech Int ._ 
Comb Tech Corp- 

Micro Focus Grp .... 

A. f. Bulging* 

Goal Pet « 4 «IUM<MIUU 

A. 6, Stanley 


7Ck) +6p 
,121&>+1 p 



.13Hp +1p 




Prasteridi HJdgs - 


WA Hldgs 

GeevbrTm Mines 

Bfo-lsolates . 
Edmond Rldgs 






radbOry Schweppes „^.144p -S 



£: $1.4405(*-1. 

£ DM3J728(+0J 
£: SwFr3.( 

£: FR 1 0.9533(+0.0129) 
£ Yen292^5(+2.05) 

£ Index: 78.1(-0-5) 

£ $1,4425 
$: DM2.4687 
$ Index: 126/ 

ECU £0.81 
SDR £0.754289 



Bank Base: 1ZVk% 
aunonth Interbank 13*W-13 Vm% 
3-montn elgitte bBls: 
buybg rate 


Prime Rate 9^0% 

Federal Funds 8V4% 

8-month Treasury Bite 7.23-7.21 % 
30-year bond price aOSWitu— 102®%* 

New share 
shop date 

By Lawrence Lever 

Quiller Goodison foe stock- 
broker, is to open a share shop 
in Bristol by foe beginning of 
March as a first step in 
introducing foe shops to foe 

It will be modelled on 
Quiltefs first share shop in 
Debenhams Oxford Street 
branch in London - which was 
opened last September. 

The new shop will be in 
Debenhams store at Bristol's 
Broadmead shopping centre. 

The broker, which has an 
option to establish the shops - 
called Money Centres - in any 
of Debenhams 68 department 
stores, have been examining 

other locations in Debenhams 
Exeter and Southampton stores. 
A Quilter spokesman said 

£18m property 
buyout at 
Guinness Peat 

By Jndilh Hartley 
The Guinness Peat Group 
has agreed to an £18 million 
management buyout of its 
property arm, Guinness Peat 
Properties. The move is seen as 
part of the group’s wish to 
distance itself from direct 
involvement in property. 

It will concentrate on the fees 
from investing in and fending 
property development through 
Guinness Mahon, its merchant 

Mr Martin Landau, manag- 
ing director of Guinness Peat 
Properties, masterminded the 
buyout He will be chief] 
executive of the new £1 1 
million property company, to 
be called Gty Merchant Devel- 

Guinness Peat Group will 
have a 25 per cent stake in 

cmd: - 





Le consefl Exteutif da la R&puttlq 

du ZAIRE en qua&tA da Maltre 
[S.N.ELi) an quality 

de Maftre d’Oewre bdndfldem cfim flnancemont da la Banque Afncsine do 
Devaloppemant (BJV.O.) pour le racoordement des abonnte basso tension 
dans la VIHe de KINSHASA at d un ffnancament du Foods Africain de 
Mvetofwemant (FA.D.) pour la raccordement des abounds bssse tension 
dans la R6gion da BAS-ZAIRE. 

L'acqufaution des biens et services de ces marches serorrt effectual en 
accord avec les rairtdpes de base de co mp etit i on Internationale tsls qua 
■ prtconisds par la BAD et-le FAD. 

Las marmfes se rbpartfasent corona aiit ' 

- MARCHE IV: Extension du rteeau felectrique de la VUIe de 
KINSHASA - raccordement des ebonites B.T. 

Lot 1 : branchements scrims (31.000) 

Lot 2 : branchements souterrams (94)00) 

Lot 3 : realisation et raccordement des installations 

> MARCHE V : Elect rifi c a tion rnrale de la region du BAS-ZAIRE 
Raccordement des abomtes B.T. 

Lot 1 : branchements eeriens (8.000) 

Lot 2 : realisation et raccordement des installations 

Les offres peuvent 6 Ire remisea pour un ou pfusieurs lots. 


La participation est ouverta k AgaDU de eondHton A touts persorme physique 
ou morale ou poupement desdHes personnes justtflant des rfitersneas 
ischnques et finaneferas et reaaortte&ant tfun Bat membra da to Banqua 
Africaine da Odve^jpement ou d'un pays participant au Fbnds Africain da 


da ffflSmanL 

Avenue dfl fa Justice, n° 2831, B.P. 500, KINSHASA 1 - Rdpubfique du 
ZAIRE - tetephone 2S791 • 32535 • 30548 telex 21347, ou Chez 
BRUXELLES - BaGIQUE - teltehonfl (02) 23441 rt (Madams SCALLIET) • 
telex 54330, contra paJemsnt (fine somma da 400 US $ par marefte, non 


Us offres r&dgtes an langue franpatea et en b« exemptelres (tm orighal et 

dnq copies} cfevront parvsnir par envoi reconimand6 avec aocute do 
reception ou 6tre remises i radresse de la Socteta Nationals d'Bactridte- 
Direction de rEquipament, au plus tard le 8 mars 1985 A 15 heures GMTflB 
hauras locales). 


L'ouvarture des offres aura Ksu-en stones . 
heuras GMT (B heures locales) au attgo social 

IS 7 mss 1996 d 8 
la SodM Nationata 


Les soundstoxweires rasterant Dte par lea tormes ds teur offlns pendant Iff) 
% Jours 4 compter cte la date d'ouvertmopubilque des oftras. 




Tbe dollar gained good g rank any farther rise in British 
an foreign exriiangrs yesterday interest sates «oaU nwfernune 
white the pound weakened. % Gowni»eib .«iHWWfc« 

- Thp dollar partfy re amed strategy. 

Stertfo* also weakened W- 

^foflwfortitoUS yancttong SSL Sea «a 

prices* aid after North 5»ea 01 
£?" priSfell on the spot-markets. 


\ €2* 



•• t 

: fa- 

W43n>0'«| ! 

- <«£> fc, 

:• *-.£> M 

'■ r*- r l i&3 

: V ^7 

.■:?• ps 

:• — 


A bidder lmics at Cmtaiate 
Holdiags* the cash' ‘ rich v "el«j- 
trorncs group. Shares of: the 
company, which is expected 

ppears imminent 

srek Pain and Pam Spool 

remained lingered, ipse 2p lo A 
ftDs rf PetnfevBi where an 
iSsllV— ^: iV bid si ike is anlicira 

Goal rumours .of a merger 


by bank 

County Bask: Mr Paul Nelson 
is joining as director in charge 
of fixed interest sales in the 
caohal markets division. Mr 



Cadbury shakes analysts 
with bombshell from US 

came to the USM lists last year. 
The ,GR price' weakened 

uvuM jiwp. onares or nn to £7i . — “ _ * arwureum, »ueic sra ynnumr amuHiTncK vxuup, auaiocx 

company, which is expected ift ' • fTnimn-Vr -rl' bid siike is anticipaWl, im- public relations company which 

a huge ordcr-from yty* proved 4p to S6p. came to the USM lists last year. 

Sailc of a wt »idi«y ^ Air .OR pric* wealed 

^S^^^H^n a ^ Da ^ ve ' brcwir,E » retailii& ^^^ <^ backfro m s u spcnJm,43p steaddy throughout 1985 as 
^ *><«*?*& a^ermmorwqSsffioniii^^ better at 243). T problems, within the group 

63 ^ “ ^ of 3p Sights Holland audBarretL the : Trustham* fm. <L ' sapped confidence among in- 

' . -- •'SSfh vesiore. A merger with another 

x utthe cfeys downturn is ro t- mm htnwmmtinnM • *9 \The company appears to be the son 

deterring keen Qystaiate Kuwait Investment Officers of SSon^e Otv Tram? 

Seo^^Sf^ «t5sharehoIdingto ? .i £$%£ of&t sS£ 

takw)«rr is imminent. It ,, . . - . ■- . .- \ dwick is a likely candidate 

suggsstod that Rbtfert Fleming - .T _ -- * remains to be sera. 

in the share price of Glaio Certainly Shandwick itself 

tttpricete been « low „ SatKa SflftT of GR and is weD 

■?*£* Ra b level *■« epproveUbrnro indijrodnela tS^^ ^SL! 13 ^ 

S™* * pretax W castyfee new drags an not as good «a Zantac. Glaxo L grim? wS at 171 d ^hTbek^ 
profit dipped last year' wiping *** preseBtirafaftusto OS constitutions this week and neS and Wn?!!?™ JSri 
away Crystalate’s high fg£l «7 routing US buying isftimdto^SeSJdra sSreST^ toe placing pnee of last October, 
share rating. The fill onl in the — \On the banking pitches. 

Shandwick Group, another GOes Vardey is to be assistant 
public relations company which . , _ _ _ , 

BSR International: Mr Jack 
Haggarty has been appointed as 
finance director, 

Qgfivy and Mather Public 
Relations: Mr Neill Hnband 
has joined the board. Mr 
Abstah- Eperon is to become 
chief executive of Ogilvy Cor- 
porate and Financial. 

John Waddington: Mr PetK - 
Stephens and Mr Philip Brain 
are now on the board. 

Woolworth Holdings: Mr 
Derek Pretty has joined the 
board as finance director. Mr 
David Defty has become finance 
director of FW Woolworth. 

\On the banking pitches, 
Sduadard & Chartered Bank 

grade. rose^4p l° 535p «n in trouble on the lists as the analysts nS to hope for 

But profits are now' moving Argyll Grom> l iSS*b res *%t i o n °^toe crisis in the 

ahead - about £6.5 million b ln *? d . fia4 woril tin markcL The price 

expected- this year.' Wth' the atioit hinuwi ^a^a**** ^f ve P® es £ us ' nf ^ se ^. collapse for tin and inability of 

company made more - vuhier- the ^ market authorities to control 

able : by the -death of its old ^ESmc 0 * avuJt best-known ^ situation last year hurt 

chairman and driving force. Mr ’ umia - iv^t nmi™ . J} 3 ®* .'b* Cadbury product S landaid, since the bank has 

John Leworth f£- dm^d W ^ H **® S (Gw-^ the foods and drinks g«wp strongfinks with the Far East 

a takeover advanced 7p to 27p also gave a wanung of further oroduceis. 

.following the; take over terms problems in the UST proauceiK 

. an . roncerto .Bpm Wyndham Gronn 'T L • How toere are signs pego- 

Staft to fthfc' ^iiwir aoibuiM. 
Although prices finished above 

fipm Wvndham Groan i . . . . , How toere are signs nego- 

■ j ‘ ] ^ a reault; Qty a nalysts tiations oTtin are moving, and 

<*anged fore«sts for is some improvement in 

me sont of a £1.000 million Nwth America, and now ^ news j- or standard fiom 
plus get-together betwren Lad- pedia losses of about £6 gouth Africa. AH in all, the 
npke and Granada despite a mllion, a gainst profits of £37 
clampdown an - information mihon for 1 984j 

As stints in the tail go, that 
unleashed yesterday by Cad- 
bury Schweppes was pretty 
painful, a seemingly innocent 
confirmation of weekend press 
reports about a management 
buyout at its beverages and 
foods division was rounded off 
with ihe devastating and 
unconnected announcement 
that the group's North Ameri- 
can operations will plunge into 
the red this year. 

Analysts rushed to down- 
grade their profit forecasts and 
the share price moved steadilv 
downwards, losing 9p to close 
at 144p. The only support for 
the price seemed to be the 
consolation that, with the 
company's fortunes at such a 
low ebb. a takeover bid may 
not be far away. 

Although the company 
issued suitably soothing noises 
about the problems in the 
United States, indicating that 
the action taken to tackle them 
is having the desired effect, 
there was a distinct feeling of 
dejd vu. Those noises were not 
unlike the ones made at the 
time of the interim announce- 
ment last September when the 
stock blockage and change in 
marketing and- distribution 
systems in the- US were first 

their lowest levels, the FT-30 80001 a £1.000 million North America, and now 

share index nursed a dosine fell P* 11 ? 8 et-l °8®to er between Lad- pedia losses of about £6 

broke and Grenada despite a mllion, a gainst profits of £37 

D.Z«te4B«™ h «l,eb™te; infom “ tiOT . 1 9 ** . 

gives a strong boy recoin men- Ladhmln* Thor ,> j Wnnt Total "group profit forecasts 
dation to RHP Group, the bear- bav also been rat, with most 

ings and electrical business. The poimedlv “You^dioSd 1 * 1 ^ firmnow expecting £90 million 

Jack Haggarty 

^TT^Zr 8,,, T 1 ^ pointedly “You should not 

for this year a 
last time, wit 
prospect for 

Mno UTOIllS m Him* nc M iimU 1 LH tyoj aiQUlOL 1U4 

ire onfoTcards » ma « »° ««E3««ve m fllh n . fest tinieT^Jy fond 

afnst £11 milHrm txun • hopes .of a takeover bid- for 

riaLsfsjB -Masalas £■=*? 

Developments are expected 
shortly at A.. G. Stanley, the 
FADS do-it-yonrself company. 
The shares rose 5p to 71p on 
suggestions that Stanley could 

American Banicc Association: 
Mr Dennis Longwel! has been 
expected elected chairman, 
iley, the Esso UK: Mr Robin Atkinson 
is now diviaonal director, 
mnrkftting operations. 

Esso Europe: Mr William 

be on the verge of a major I Stevens has been elected execu- 


4P> I it, ji**. isi «*fcfeH9p«o 144p. 

taking more off the shares. 

acquisition. In 1983 it 
unsuccessful talks with 
Ripofin paints group. . 

BAT expects to raise about 

•• \Vi 

i I ‘ 

_l— ™ . . Granada’s share price was S600 tnhipn from the sale to re- Standard share price looks set to 

of 11.0 points at 1,108.8 points, making the running, up 14p at invest -largely in financial gain ground, especially with 

The FT-SE share index was 9.9 23Sp while Ladbroke setuedd serviceSfThis is good news and analysts pointing to die 10 per 

points lower at 1 384-6 points. , . . for a 6p fell at 323p dearly finther tnderlines CSty feeling cent, or thereabouts, yield 
Fears of yet higher interest . reflecting the view that if the that the ^up is undervalued, available from the stock, 
rates curbed any buying >en- boards can agree terms then a Stories, it. a bid for BAT stfll _. ■ „ 

Uu miasm. And the protracted - share swap would appear the circulate ‘md the shares rose Shares m C £ W Walker, the 

Westland helicopter wrangle most likely outcome. 1 3p to 323s. ' engineering contractors; were 

_1__ t I L rr_^T- t n ' awiwnHHf vt )On Tlu AAmMnu 

co^ytsr^® SSSf - ?r TI SSBE *s 

ner rent° t SarSSSmf b in pmfitsnews. showing a gain of as a-possibe bidder for BAT^ I * ndmgaB announcement . Hebbrahas joii 

per pent shareholdiiffi m the 2p to 26p. Profits rose from saw its shae price fell 5p to Stone International the air- C Crarmkov 

com^ny to > unidentified buy- £ 1 76,000 to £304,000. with sales 268p. • Thogh the general conditioning equipment maker Lesser and N j 

era, One market sugge stion was U p comfortably o £5.3m mil- market trendwas no help to the survivor -from the now 

foai ppe of the, aggressive- ifc* - ™ price, the maket definitdy feels ^efiiha Stone-Platt Industries, 

-Though^there isno half year BTR is on.the big league S°t a 6p boost to 154p 
85 C? ^ ob ^f Holmro ft.Court dividend, as usual the chuir^n acquirition tril aaain. yesterday. The s company _ has 

live vice-president. Mr Harry 
Longwell is vice-president re- 
sponsible for exploration and 

Everards Brewery: Mr Nick 
Lloyd has become sate, direc- 
tor. Mr Nick Raven is director 
of the group’s subsidiary, John 

Aluminium Foil Container 
Manufacturers Association: Mr 
Richard Morse has been elected 
chairman. Mr Keith Walker is 

fLJT 1 th *1;**"** ‘ddhnct Stone-Ptatt Indestrte. 

-Though^there isno half year BTR is on.the big league 8°* J- Cp^boost to 154p 
dividrad. as usual, the chaira^ acquisition tril again. yesterday. The company has 

S •• ”Y* the. company intends a Good " ^ ^ nuflion order from 

cbx ■■ invoTvement the.- iuR' . pubEc’-; relSfc^ cdnsultancy;’ ' Strae will «?nipp^h^ equip^ 

Hand affeir unsettled die shares, ; - ■ ■ ■ • . . - • . continues tojfc its share price merit for the rrfurbishmenf of 

clipping 13p off the . price at ^ Om aclueyed scattered gams, rush higher. Th shares jumped foe New York City Transit 
448p. . '.a . - ;B*mnah . ,pa, as bid hopes . 15p to- I28p, 'ifted by Qty Authority subway cara 

CAL Futures: Mr Klaus 
Hebben has joined the board. 

C Czarnikow: Messrs J A 
Lesser and NEH Mason are 
now on the board. 

Fulton Prebon Sterling: Mr 
Paul Camnries. Mrs Helen 
Roskott and Mr Guy Ormiston 
become directors. 

Cut trade 
surplus, Dial 
Japan told 

coMMODrnts review 

By-Teresa Poole 

team of businessman, led by Mr 
James Prior, Conservative MP 
for Waveney, and Mr Tadao 
Kato, a former Japanese am? 
oassador to London, yesterday 
called on foe Japanese governs 
ment to take unilateral action to 
redress foe trade balance 
between the two countries. 

After a • weekend summit 
meeting in Oxfordshire, the 
2000 Group, which was set up 
in 1984 by. Mrs Thatcher and 
Mr Nakasone, foe Japanese 
-Prime Minister, warned that 
.Japan's continuing trade sur- 
plus was a threat to world trade 
and would -lead to protection- 

The group called on the 
Japanese to stimulate domestic 
demand, remove formal bar- 
riers to imports!, and encourage 
consumers to buy foreign goods. 

Sit Terence Beckett, director- 
general of the CBI and a 
member of the team, said: “It 
isn’t just a case of the' British 
trying harder. - The Japanese 
must realize that thet must 
widen demand for our goods." 

In the' first 10 months of 
1985, Japanese imports, into 
Britain were worth £3,384 
million compared with UK. 
exports of £836 million to 

, Both sides agreed to promote 
further technological, .co-oper- 

iond grading system opens 
way for a futures market 

L. : .The time may not be fer off 
I 'when dinmqndtf will be an even 
better friend of young women. 
Fbf as a?4*y ■ gm knows, the 
price -•■ of dia jaonds is highly 
volatile, arbitrary even. But a 
Bjitisb engineer of Hungarian 
extraction-claims to have 
indented a sysfr&n for consist- 
eritiy grading diamonds, thereby 
opening foe .way for a futures 
market, f •' 

Unfortunately, Mr Stephen 
Horchlcr, the mventor, has also 
o^enCda hornets’ nest Buzzing 
around irritably inside are De 
Beers, wfaoseinierest in preserv- 
ing the mystification of foe 
diamond .market needs no 
explanati on, - the London 
Cpmmoditv Exchange, which 
has stumbled into launching a 
diamond futures contract, mid 
Antwerp and London diamond 
merchants who are muttering 
about starting a diamond 
futures in Geneva or America if 
London, cannot or will' not 

Cdmpounding foe political 
problems..- of 'which- the 
inventor’s relationship . with a 
patron is only one aspect - is a 
lather fundamental commercial 
consideration: to there demand 
for such a contract, and could it 
work? • • ' 

Let' us -start' with the tech- 
nology. Mr Horchler - who also 
invented the radio transmitter 
golf ball - has isolated the , six 

characteristics of 'diamonds so 
that each may be . »bjectively 

-In addition to foe uy pi “four 
Cs” - carats, colour, chriiy arid 
cut - he. has introduce fluor- 
escence and finish. . \ '• 

Carat (weight) is objdrtive. as 
) ia cut The rest is irick*r. The 
i diamond business tradnonally 
has depended on inforidual 
perceptions of foe value of a 
stone, and therein has lan its 
inherent dangers arid instaality. 
d,' in a sense, the justificoion 
for De Beers.' Mr Horihler 
proposes to do nothing less “ban 
end this serai-anarchic stu- 
ation. ■ 

Colour will be determind b/ a 
device that records a storm’s 
refractive index. Clarity - whkh 
measures the fissures or inch- 
siins in the stone - will b? 
mapped by a television camen 
which peers through a very 
high-powered microscope and is 
linked to a computer whose 
software produces an image of 
foe stone. - ' 

- The snipoihness of the 
outside finish on a polished 
stone will lx picked up by this 
process as velL Fluorescence 
can be irieasured by the stone's 
uftra-violet output. 

The properties of each stone 
can. thus bemumtely .graded to 
give an overalfiscore individual 
to every diamond. That score 
becomes foe basis of a London 

ftiamnfut Inrlwlif th» Mrhsnof^ 

- which does not yet exist in Us 
final form - works and is: 
accepted by the trade. 

Mr Horchler says it all; 
depends on showing the notori- 
ously conservative and fractious 
trade that a futures market is 
useful. His system, he claims, is 
objective and internally consist- 
ent. 'Whar matters is that the 
IDI generates business, Mr 
Horchler says. 

However, there are 20,000 
diamond firms in Antwerp, so 
how does one decide a system is 
acceptable? The contract pro- 
posal will apply only to cut 
diamonds, and delivery wil be 
decided between foe Assay 
Office (Mr Horchler’s business) 
and the (International Com- 
modities Clearing House 
1CCH). Trading could be 
electronic, using the new Reuter 
Order Entry Service, with deals 
executed on Intex, the Bermuda 
computerized futures exchange. 

Mention of an electronic 
exchange brings many LCE 
members out in bumps. 

My hunch is that the dia- 
aond futures exchange will not 
start in London and that a most 
urJadyfike- power struggle will 
brtak out if it finds a home 

Michael Prest 


Derek Pretty 

B utt erw or th Law Publishers: 
Mr David Fletcher is joining the 
board as a non-executive 

Moore Stephens: Mr Stephen 
Mfison has become a partner in 
the Jersey office. . 

Burson-Marsteller Financial: 
Mrs Diana Kaater is now a 

Counter Products Marketing: 
Mr John Speakman has joinra 
the main board as director of 
the rales promotion division. 

Morgan Grenfell Holdings: 
Sir Kenneth Durham becomes a 
nonexecutive director. 

Turner & Newall; Dr Amar 
Sabberwal is to become manag- 
ing director of BEP Chemicals 
.on 'February 1. Dr John 
Crabtree becomes managing 
director of T & N Materials 

Cater Alien Holdings: Mr J 
M Gordon, Mr D J White, Mr 
R D HazeQ. Mr D B Johnston, 
Mr R J Edwards and Mr D G L 
Hunt are now directors on foe 
board of Three Quays Under- 
writing Management. 

J F Chown & Co: Mr W 
Kenneth Evans has become a 

The news on North America 
overshadowed, rightly, details 
of the proposed management 
buyout at the beverages and 
foods division. At first glance it 
may seem strange that Cadbury 
is looking to dispose of a range 
of branded goods when every- 
body else seems to be seeking 
expansion in this area. 

However, foe division has 
not performed well in recent 
years and it seems logical to 
make the disposal to allow 
Cadbury to concentrate more 
fully on confectionery and soft 

Perhaps the only surprise is 
the asking price, which at £82.3 
million looks quite cheap given 
the strength of such brand 
names as Typhoo, Kenco and 

Some estimate value the 
division at about £120 million 
and, given that the deal with 
the management is not ex- 
pected to be completed until 
March, there is just an dement 
ol' Cadbury putting the sale 
lable dearly on show. 

It has had approaches for 
various parts of the division 
and perhaps Cadbury hopes 
that news of the -management 
buyout will entice the likes of 
Unilever, Ranks Hovis 
McDongaH and Tate & Lyle 

General Electric (USA) bos awarded 
an order lo Stone Safety Corpor- 
ation for the supply of 196 sets of 
air-conditioning and solid-state 
electronic power equipment for the 
refurbishment of New Yoric’s R-38 

underground trains. 


Results for the you- to October 29 
(53 weeks to October 1984) include 
a final dividend of 2.1p making 3p 
(2.8 p), payable on March 13. A one- 
for-four scrip issue is also proposed. 
Turnover was £13,392,976 
(13,198,461) and pretax profit 
£1,809.29 1 (1,693.523). Earnings 
per share, tutdihzied, were 7p (6.7p). 

group has cancelled a HKS4 billion 
(£352 million) eight-year loan 
facility arranged in February 1983, 
which with another early cancel- 
lation of a HKS2.5 billion facility, 
brings the total amount of facilities 
cancelled to HKS6.5 billion. The 
c ancellati ons enable Hongkong 
Land to release from mortgage 
properties worth HK$12 billion. 

INGS: An interim dividend of 3p 
(3p). payable on January 30, has 
been announced in the results for 
six months to September 30. With 
figures in £000, turnover was 7591 
(7185) gross profits 315 (251), 
trading profit 8 (loss 72) and pretax 
profit 27 (132). Earnings per share 
before extraordinary items were 4p 


into a higher offer for the job 

Once the division is hived 
off it will leave the group more 
firmly placed, but the question 
is whether the action will come 
soon enough to compensate for 
the US difficulties which 
threaten Cadbury's indepen- 
dence. Either way, there is not 
much to be gained from selling 
the shares at present levels. 

BAT Industries 

As a retailer. BAT Industries 
has already been a very good 
tobacco manufacturer. But 
yesterday's announcement of a 
massive restructuring of its US 
retailing operations will per- 
haps help clear some of the 
clouds which have always 
covered the group's diversifi- 
cation policies. 

The decision to pul up for 
sale more than. a third of the 
US retail outlets was warmly 
received in the City as a clear 
indication that BAT is not 
prepared to fall into the 
“lumbering giant" category. 
Even so, it has still taken BAT 
a year to decide on what to 
keep and what to sell 

In theory, BAT is keeping 
the chains which demonstrate 
the opportunities for organic 
growth, such as Marshall Fields 
and Saks Fifth Avenue. The 
others most notably Gimbels, 
are being released in an 
unusual variation on the 
traditional department store 
January sale. 

However, the bargains in 
these particular basements will 
not be that spectacular. Al- 
though BAT expects to take a 
SI 75 million book loss in 
raising S600 million from the 
sales, few of the outlets have 
recent good trading records. 

The disposals will slash US 
retail sales of S3.5 billion by 
SI. 3 billion but trading profits 
of S 1 50 million will be retained 
almost intact 

BAT is not a company which 
can afford to stand still for too 
long, and foe offer for sale of 
these retail outlets might just 
be foe warning shots that a 
major offensive in foe US is 
about to start The shares 
dosed up 13p at 323p. They ill 
become more interesting 

Macro 4 

The stock market's appetite for 
software companies is undimi- 
nished. despite foe fell-out 
among .hardware suppliers. 
This means that Macro 4. 
which makes systems software 
to drive mainframes made by 

TRUST: The unaudited net asset 
value per ordinary share at the close 
of business on Friday was 104.9p 
after deduction of pnor charges at 
par and I06.9p after deduction of 
prior charges at market value. 

• FRENCH HER: C H Beazer's 
increased and final offer for French 
Her has become unconditional in 
all respect 

son Holdings, Netherlands, and 
HSCM Industries Inc, both Hanson 
subsidiaries, have accepted and 
purchased a total of 5,329,421 
shares of SGM Corporation follow- 
ing lo their cash tender offer at S7S 
per share. The offer expired last 
Friday and was not extended. 

• WYNDHAM GROUP: An offer 
to acquire all the issued share 
capital of John Williams Cardiff, 
not already owned by Wyndbam, 
has been announced. The offer 
values each Williams ordinary share 
at 24.57p and places a value of £1.7 
million on the whole of the issued 
ordinary share capital. 

Intemiional Business Ma- 
chines, should be given a good 

The company is coming to 
market with a price tag of £22.6 
million, representing 16 times 
prospective earnings. That 
might look high, but foe 
company has three strong 
factors in its favour. First, it 
does not sell its software but 1 
rents it out. As a result, its 
income is highly dependable. 

Further, Macro 4 has re- ! 
cently started 10 generate ' 
significant sums of cash. Last | 
June, it had only £232,000 in 
foe bank but four months later 
this bank balance had risen to 
£1.2 million and it now stands 
at £1.62 million. 

This financial strength en- 
ables the company to make 
acquisitions in the future, and 
also acts as an insurance policy 
against a downturn. 

The third point is that 
Macro 4 has barely scratched 
the surface of foe huge 
American market. To date it 
has secured 10 per cent of its 
main market, which is 10,000 
units strong, whereas it has 58 
per cent of foe home market 
where there are only 750 
equivalent machines. 

' The main reason for coming 
to foe stock market now is to 
enable Macro 4 to bay out its 
Amercian licensee. It has 
agreed to pay $4.6 million (£3.3 
million) in 3.1 million shares, 
of which foe vendors are 
retaining only 665,000. Exist- 
ing shareholders are also selling 
some of their holdings, bring- 
ing foe tola] on offer to 5.4 

With foe American acqui- 
sition so important, it is a pity 
foal Macro 4 has chosen to use 
merger accounting as this 
makes it difficult to ray what 
foe .American contribution has 
been in the past- What is clear 
is that foe acquisition should 
contribute to a faster growth 
rate in foe future. 

With an increasingly import- 
ant overseas contribution and a 
growing cash pile, foe group in 
planning to take on a finance 
director in foe near future. 
None has been necessary to 
date because of foe reliability 
of foe company's income. 

Advent, foe fund manage- 
ment group which helped to 
finance Macro 4*s buyout in 
1983, has increased foe value 
of its investment 20 times. 
New shareholders may not do 
quite so well but for those with 
more modest aspirations. 
Macro 4 should be rewarding 

• ARMOUR TRUST: Results for 
the six months to October 31 
(figures in £000} show turnover up 
to 5.297 (4,660), pretax profit to 304 
(176) and earnings per share lo 
1.1 5p (0.86p). 


NATIONAL: The company is 
proposing lo acquire Gisco Power- 
line, a French firm which distributes 
power supplies to the French 
market, for Fr2.000.000 (£184,000) 

The Corporate Affairs Commission 
in Perth has granted to NZI Fin a n ce 
Australia (a wholly-owned subsidi- 
ary) an extension tin February 13 to 
make the proposed takeover offers 
to all ordinary shareholders of 
Broadlands as announced on 

SERVICES: The board has agreed 
to sell to the management the entire 
share capital of AES-Taylor Freezer, 
which markets Taylor Freezer brand 
of ice-cream and milk shake 
machines, imported from the USA 



ABN Bank 

Adam & Company 


Citibank Savings 

Consolidated Crds 

Continental Trust ... 

Co-operative Bank ....... 


Uoyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank Scotland ... 


Citibank NA 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

The \hsnda Fire and Marine 
Insurance Company (U.K.), Limited 
are pleased to announce the renaming 
of the Company, as of the 1st January, 1986, to 
The \hsuda Fire and Marine Insurance 
Company of Europe Limited, 
in keeping with their increased 
commitment to European and 
world insurance and reinsurance markets. 

Commensurate with this expanding role. 
Paid-up Capital has been increased 
from £57 million to OD million and 
Authorised Share Capita] from 
OD million to £15 million. 

Accordingly, existing non-marine 
agency agreements in the U.K. have 
been terminated. 

The Yuuda Fire and Marine Insurance Company of Europe Limited 
■Vtinw inert UinJon ECTA1 MS Tel-tn-02o«n .Trie- 26JSM YASUDAG.F«i01-«£342'>3 


I III LJ J j I ll! 

itfiiUll !■ 

Number 1 





it matches YOU have won outright Of a ghary 

of the total dafly prize money stated, if you area 
'rower follow the claim procedure on the ha/*- 
ef your card. 

Von most always have your card available 

WM S3 riawntTi a 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Jan 13. Dealings End, Jan 24. S Contango Day, Jan 27. Settlement ! 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 


• £2,000;^, 

□aims required. fey:. 

Claimants shonld 1 ^ 0254-53272 

High Low Company 

Uv Yld 

Price QfiHo ponce % P/E 

High Low Company 

Manhafls Univ 

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»B 200 Crwf 






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Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals for 
the weekly dividend of £20.000 in Saturday’s 


£S % 

79 SB 

i 1 

92 64 

190 SO 

IS 1*5 

or, 50 

70 42 

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14 1986 

w«idi »the caaelfoXf^ 

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H [^tbepea3Kaosre^wuwbtefcxlbs3 

ice far regislralica as iBgcausd by these Regulations 

8rtBBB (TOO hare tafewn Jill r»wBTn»h>n fflw g !S OTR tfrft 

is set out at the end of this 

••• ■». '-• * - - V.l 

S ••• *i; 



macro 4 pic 

(Incorporated in England under the Companies Acts 1948 to 1367 No. 927588) 


" by 


: j- 1 : : Of 

5;384,238 ordinary shares of 5p each at a price of 105p per share, 

payable in full on application 





in ordinary shares of 5p ea ch 

Issued and to be 
issued, fuE^ paid 


The ordinary shares now being offered far sale will rank in full for all dividends and other distributions hereafter declared, made 
' or pai d nn th«> nr dTnary share s nfMa PT O ^-pl c. 


.At fire dose of business cm 20th December, 1985, Macro 4 pic and its subsidiaries, present and proposed, had secured loans of £56,102 and commitments under finance leases of £16,608. On the same Hate Macro a nlc 
mid its present and proposed subsidiaries had cash balances cf £1,622,805. . ■ .. ^^uaKJivmo.pK, 

COmmitmente nr g irg y ante ag nr other c ont in gp^' K»V>iTrtigg 

hire purchase 


JAMES MELVI N F EEJffiY (M»a-EiBcutig^piafiAzm) ' 




all oJCrabbet Park Hera, TumeraHaiRDad;' Wctth, Crawley. 1 We* Sura RH10 4SS 





Crabbei Paik House, TumeisRiB Road. Worth, Ciawfeff. West Sussex RH104SSL 



. 13lCfaeapskfel4SlttaEC2V6DSL 


SIMON & COATES. •;• CLffFCfflttffljRNER. • 

1 Umdan Wall BaOdtogn ;. SBCfcfdMaHaae, 19 New Bridge Street, 

London EC2M5PT • LaddonflWVBBY. - 

and at The Soc k Ex c h ange. ' = ,j. 1 



DELOTH: HASKINS &5&L& ■■ 1 G^C6n£eHapdPfaca - 

Chartered Acooantanftt ‘ London WtHMk " . ' 

Mefrceeffoase, 42 Dingwall Rood. ._«♦■ ' *•: ; p r. 



PINES HARMAN & CO, *• •-■ KegktrarV Dapeitment. Goring-by-Sea, 

(bartered Accountant* ‘I’ ; ; Wbrtbina W« Sussex BNI2 6DA. 

CteueeryHocBa, 5WJ4 CtaDcery Lanes; «*•: ■ • •• • 



LLOYDS RANK PLC, < VNwrtouMjDBpaitnwit, 

129 Brignun Road, Coulsdon. .'f ' P.Q Box Na 29, 2 WaowStwet. 

Surrey. CR3ZYT L o n d c oEC2P2BD. 

‘ SUMMARY ' ; - " * *• 

. Macro 4, which is tme of the longest established independent 
software companies in the world, develops and markets s y s tem s 
software far IBM and IBM compatible mainframe computers. 

Systems software raryi p s out the internal, teals which 
co-ordinate and manage the operation of a computer. Macro 4's 
range of technically excellent products, which are market leaders 
in their field,, com pl e me nt IBM's own systems software providing 
either improved peribxznaiice or facilities which IBM does not 
offer. . ' ; 

All of Macro 4's products are marketed in a standardised 
-packaged format so that they will interface automatically with the 
customers operating system. They can therefore simply be 
mailed to fire customer on a magnetic tape, avoiding the need for 
expensive m a rketing , mstaPatioD and customer support. ' 

Macao 4 typically contracts with its customers on the baas of 
an annual rental contract, with rentals payable . monthly in 
advance; The C&bupfc revenues are broadly based, with almost 
2,000 customers and an average monthly payment per customer of 

appr oximatel y £275 . 

The Group has a consistent growth record, its revenues 
having increased significantly each year lor the last 5 years in file 
United Kingdom, United States, Europe and Australia. 

Macro 4 has recently agreed to purchase the entire issued 
share capital of ite US ficteusee; Macro 4, Inc., conditional upon 
completion of the Offer for Sale It is expected that this acquisition 
will provide substantial opportunities to increase the rate of 
yiulwlh in future years. 

Macro 4 is committed to the mainframe sector of the 
com p u te r market; it is not involved in file macro or mini computer 
markets. • • . ' 


Yean ended 30th Jun* 

TlZZDOW ir flifl 
ProfitfOpss) before tBXStxm 

nfm- mnfmfTTTV j OpCTftOQQS 

imrt Mce pttoml ci e ds 
Total proa before tarotka 

iS3I 1982 lte3 1384 1 9BS 

moo rooo com rooo ran 

US 1.424 0244 3,483 S.I60 

(22) (68) 88 518 1.847 

63 S9 137 142 179 

43 30 23S 630 2,028 

'fte; Tl»e ntxoioftBr] aB«MBDBB3epMttOBi«Mdn«adtan lfaen> ft eactaBwbcence t> 
nafolt « to»Ur and fire « (had panjs aaftmrs ptdkege. Dus m mn anB Bd mh Macro ft 
agreemcDian KttSqfleabct. 1335, grvntj dM s> an uteyeuual credn d B17 cnSsa. 


Offer far Sale price I05p 

Martetcapttahsaamat Oder far SMepnce £ 22 . 6m 

Foia(-j«teaniiDgapeiafaaie from donnnntago fierat Bjm based oa 
flia estimated actual tat charge of 39 per cent &5p 

anoncjnaltBxctseiuectfKpeicenL 8.9p 

Forecast price-earnings ^tin trim mnHnujmj operations on; 
theeanniaiBdaanaItaxclHigeof33peroei»L 16.2 

anoticDalaxdiBzgeof3SperceiR. IEL2 

A nmahw a d (possdmdend yield 136 per cent. 

ThetradtooreoanltoXitiJiaB, IS8S eel oflabara has beaa«aa3«d tea tbs AzcauBOttf repwt 
below, wtde be firocaS to 30b Jane. ISBS b bend i» alia, m be audited arrows far the 

ptnod ended 31 b Oeirtiar. I9W. also aermiB be A mnnwanK ieimrtax basrsanrtTi i H hodBcl 
c iln J Mnn at be faraeaa emunags pet rime. pt to -a enunBt nto and dividend yield see be 
puagjapla iaiililedl^lBecaaandDr n d ml ft irBgist lidow. 


softw are 





4300 series 

IBM compotiMo 









Pstfag ed- 
Real storage 

Rnabtex b eompurer to cam cm apeofe: end-user lasts ct appheapo orach iz 
acoouBMig. tmouang or stock conoid. 

Cmaner ratomBHon control icJent a Ide-prooes ang oytn care (^d-ane 
pjonded br IBM bar rtakw between a computer VDU oaimtle. en 

hrarmn rtftTjKM.-. jwW fyvjrarrr 

Cemral pr ocec ou Q mnt (he pan c4 thn c ompu t e r wtach ezeoncs iM n . ftn ns 
contained m a progiam 

Software whidi b tailored n a speofc need far a single user 

Dldr operallng syoen. a generic name tor a famd> of IBM epennoo sysenc; 
also a specific opeoumg syacm. now large!? otxzdeie. tor snder real aocago 

An egoerom of CCS (o supper vimul axagecapobiUtr 

An IBM product updating DOSV5 to sjj^ron the IBM 4300 senes C/SE bewg 

virtual Stonge extended! 

The mo® widely used range of IBM raunbame compatefs insaDed werkbcaii 
A non-I BM co mp ui e r which c hiDy cmnpanbte wrh the stands^ IBM 
operating syae ms 

11» cemral p rocesang nun and mam manor? d a large computer system, 
tsiafty coaoennalmgaO be computuig power on one sue 
Very snail compuier romanuog one or more teon-rmnductor chips, gmng a 
comptew set of conpuer bncBon oo a angle pruned csicun bwra 
SmaO con^mei of fannied speed and memory ms. deagned oogmall? to be 
bull mio other sratens as a general purpose progrananabte chgual comparer 
The rfaa in coo n between the and be micrc, ixrtgtutor e cUnartedung as lire 
rtnoo computer moaasas n poww 

Mufapto virtual storage tbs IBM operating system for medium and large 
gB i n t i a gat ooBaauten. b suppevts ratable numbers of concurrent sista and e 
mecdicaflj de^oed to htnri)a Iw^b volumes o( ddi3 And agufiani 

Die set of base systems software pirgraoEt that makes the compuier 
operancmaL ft p ro v ides hfttnw, tor nmoingu number of programs coocuzreiiiJy, 
fcnhmmctauuuQf ngnarynyiv and ggea 
A specie operating system far larger real storage processors the forerunner 
of MVS 

A general noo-astemsBd program not specific to any paitaikr user. 

fa-bub sto rage m be CPU which can be accessed and used duerfly for 
exmfl u i q i program. 

The pmnr^jaldewre far communication between compuier operators and the 
eperanng system 

A group of p ro g t aus carryum out stteml tasks for a computer such es 
nansfaiang data between ns CPU and an external memory storage device, 
generating characters on a disp-tay screen and handling cctmouacaiians 
between ooe machine and anodwt 
Vtsnil deplay unit abo known so ^aean", ^ube’. ptherraUMT. 

Coe of be amnia ted ccmpucjs radar a VM operating sys cm. 

A heifay impleroenled ihrongh a comhnwtion of haidraare and software, which 
enables a ccrrx* ner u scBukre the nrailafaby of addmoaal real storage by 
tatting IbeCFUto uiacfaed dot drums 

IBM operating system winch provides anmbton within a has cangMcr of one 
or m are complete esapuers with the same or a Offerers type of operauoj 

Virtual mnge accesr method: pan of an IBM operating syaem for accesncvj 
data stored on dak file;; either directly, if the ideality of the specific uezn 
wtihm a vs e known, or Ecousntolty, by mAw fi imq rhmuQ h ihp fck. 


Daring the lest 9 yaaa Macro 4 has expanded Us prodnrf range and 
B fy ri n wi rf h r«w»q»M»y farBllnMjnrHinnpwaTiandRarfewd«iTny naTtMrB RoyaUy tnCCGOe, 
jwticniaily bom the Onaed Skates, bos been a major coatnbttxr to Gangs tumovaz. In 
19H BJ« Company fanned in first wboRy-owned sab^diaiy. Macro 4 (Fiance) SARD 
to opezaie as its licensee a Franca Further anbabariu lava been i ncorpo ra ted 
recently in Daly and Swibseriand to lepface Maas 4‘s jneviaus marketing 
anangomeofsib tboae comtoes. 

fa Decgmb« 1983, a management buyout of Macro 4 tookpbea. faBowing 
wUcb Ml Kelly.. M l Feeney and all Ebe ibefa employees of tbe Company beU S9.S 
per caot oTitoe eqimy capnal Two fimefa witinn tbe Advent gram, Adveu 
TedrixAigr pk; and Advea Emdfcmd limited, together ccnAased a farther 8.5 per 
cam. Me. W. S Maanillait fcfeao 4ta faunder. ana fas.vnib nttined an interest m 32 
par cem (Kibe oqtdty cajtitBlaT tbe Company- 

On SUtDecasber, 1985, die Company agreed to purdase (be entire issued 
dare capiat of ktecro 4, Inc fax $4.62 nallion, to be sanded by tbe abetment d 
3.071773 Sgares (presenting 143 -per cent o f the enlarged share capital of the 
Company X "Mr. Franco and Mr. Hargrave; who each own SO per cenL 'attire share 
capital Macao i fac, win be ZBtBimig a total of 688LS39 of the new Sbares aRo tied 
to than, white tbs remainder are being soW oo Uwr bebaif in the Offer far Sate to 
rate S3L6S mHEbn in cadi Al conxdetioa S2 12 mfflion wffl be paid telfc Flranoo and 
Ml Hargrare vrtsiw the balance eff SL50 ntflboc w23 be placed in escrow to be 
reteaeed to fliesn adject 1o cextem conditions over a- -period of 254 years. This 
agreement, farther detalk at wtucb are mduded in pa ragr a ph 11 at A d di t i on al 
tntoi attelMtow,kconditicaaInpwcoicpte«MofO»06arfarSate. 

Thao4Tor"fliB Corgmil* • 

Macro 4 pic. 


Tbe Company, Reeatiafingacbtedteteeto Fhaaca tally and Swifapdand and as 

p w ppi | ff| trtKi i iriiaT y m flu* llnimri SMttnf Amwirft '• 

Ordinary shares ctf Speech in fas capital of the Company. 

ffte directors tin Company. . 

TOT ■ 

Inter na tio na l t^«nvvv« Maf4ifnwg (Vn p nlgtK m . 


Advent T^cbnologypi&and Adveel Emofand LbnBed 

Untied Stales doBanL: 

‘ ” . . 

J. Henry SctexterWagg&Cb. lasted 


M« n * te ^ offltategeteeBtaMBfaed iu dacendBiiBnftware compan i es in 
tba mu It mb faccdedin 1968 andopentediaa 19»n tin WC ScenBeete ajrther 

r*nrtnr**- fa lSffB, fcfflnwiM telffiimiadonrttePfaliCi^ 

Ma«n 4 or gfCTtiyt on tbs devetop&mt and martaaing of fa own. prcpriaaiy 
pnducte nteg fin afatenlal tadoScdand medmlhig erpertwretorngto tbs BM 
ftystoms a c Aw ai o it bsd aocgonhlad oyer Itepra^w p yto d * fast 2 of 

HWand BZZimec lively. Oa itebaw eff'fas saw ABod i-fat was tondin 
lS77byl& JLRftoandML P. a Haroifaei witii Oa0WJO*onft^4fiomte 
(fit to rmxfad tin Company's products in Mottii and Sum America. Sxnny Seem 

Atem 4 JBR efaared m» m Mfaate Itoaoi* attematfe^faBOiiniany falfiTB 

**i 1312 cfctt nadutog ena^BSMuas wese «abhd«dtfaCtainany and Mala 
wapaiieiy. ^On fad Jnnei IS01 Ml T. P. BMy wae appointed Item 4b Managing 


computer comprises hardware; systems software and appheabons 
scdwaia^ Hardtyarg gmn&ges tin physical eqtapment naed in fee gystam. mrii tdi ng 
tbe central {HUceSBDO unit. fcwmi na V^ printarx anrl memory Storage tmitw Sysnms 
software ecesisw at the program s wtach mterface between the hardware and the 
user programs oc acpbcadocs softyrare. Systems software programs include tin 
operating system of- tie. e nraproer . which canes om tbs tntemal tasks which 
co-ordmaia and manage the gpoahcai of the co mpi n ar . AppKcattars . software 
erefatee -a caapau to catoyxBt ggedfle khI-usb: tasks sndias mycopc or stock 

The m a roftani BCBagoteriiidiatry is danrinatsd by IBM wbidi produces both 
a broad na geo(aarfv «ra^tqppme nL far twfalcfa it fabcsL known. andalergewAHme 
tf syatmaandt ^gL ct tlkita buftwaira. 

For the 380 serias of mainframe computers; whidi dates from the mid 1960s; 
apd i ts suoceasoL the 4300 aeriea, IBM has made availabte2 principal Iwtrek of operal- 
ing system. Tbe angrier level b a groop of syweems known genetically aa DOS. wtndi 
was used nribaDy fax tbe original real Storage 360 series. For the nest 370 aeries of 
madsnea whidi provided a nttnal storage capability. DOS evolved nto DOSfVS 
white ti» current extended vritnal storage 4300 senes ores the farther developed 
o perat i n g s yntax a. DOS r V5E fa parallel with the DOS operating systems, IBM has 
mdeavadafae a larger, more powrafal and complex system ongmaDy knows as OS; 
which has gradually evoked into the cnrrenl advanced operating system. MVS. 

On its virtual storage machines, IBM has also provided VM. a host operating 
system, which enahlpv a angle co mputer to be operated as if it were a se ri e s of 
discrete machines, each of which may nm ns own DOS or MVS operating system in 
parallel. VM offers the advantage to trams of being able to lest new systems in 
notation from day to day datapBOceteng operations. It Mao eaaes the u cp w&w n of a 
user's system from DOsVSE to MVS, as the voteme of data processing grows beyond 
tbe capabfltttes of DOS/VSE systems architecture 

Most users of IBM mainframes have retained die DOS operating system, 
which is better tban MVS Id thn ■pP T *rrg ry H > P T * ^ finawnai « of Thf» 
snail to medram siae tsa r DOS is espabte of sjgmficaal enhancement to provide 
tariBjeg and levels of pertemarce egtsealeot to the more compies MVS system, 
largely, throogh fae avatiafaBiv of a wide range of proprietary packages sapphed by 
companies srfa asMacso 4. DOS'VSE is still the operating system far appzbnman^ 
two- thirds or the worldwide IBM mainframe maitet and c on ti nues to expenenoe 
growth to tbe Mtnbai of matBationit in which i a teed, tece ihe number of new 
taars each year exceeds the mnnberoftaroer users arigia ting to MVS. Ibedivediy 
of-fae requneamts of DOS nseis provides am^e scope far mdepeodern systems 
Baftw areco n ma ntesatofa as Macro 4 to co-entiwah IBM wMBang mltanit overlap 
Gt COOfiRttOfiOL 

Big pashm of the mdepeodeth software companies has bean darffied as a 
fault of the a cootd aached between the Dimpean Cuuuiiisaion and IBM an 1st 
AugusL 1984, whereby IBM undertook ifaat it wodd psovide certain interface 
jnfarnwttnn to fa competitois m the EEC to enatfa foam a attach hardware and 
software products cf then design to IBM ceaaal processors, 



la tbe past. Mkio 4 has specialised. in producing systems software far use 
with DQSi DOSVSapdD0GVS& «ihantang fa paxtaca to man* the erohmon of the 

various IBM operating systems. Dating the last 3 years, the Company has also 
pKxiuced systems software far use with tbe MVS and VM operating systems, thus 
toe d n ang ta range w cover all IBM mamftame computers; Macro 4 menpenUym 
t£e process of launching 2 new MVS products m the UK and intends to make them 
available shortly thereafter elsewhere m tbe world. Macro 4's technically excellent 
produc t^ 'which are market leaders in then- held, complement IBMs own systems 
software, providing either unproved performance or betimes which IBM does mi 
offer. Tbe Company s committed to the mainframe sector ol ihe computer market; it 
b not mvotved m the micro or mini computer markets. 

Macro 4^ products are all packaged; that is. each product provides a general 
sysems software facility or enhancement which can be marketed worldwide on a 
s tandar d tom magnetic tape without being customised far an individual user The 
ctesian at the products and tbe packaged formal allow rapid market penetration 
witfaMIlte requirement to Bvpensipp marhuing, mdaflaton or support 

Macro 4'sprincapel products; heaed in order of magnitude of total worldwide 
revenues; are as follows: 

Logon is Macro 4’S mod used product. It was firm developed m IS7S for use 
mde DOi and has subsequently been modified far cotnpanbiliiy wiih DOS/VS and 
DOS fvSE and aO the new hardware suppor te d by those operating systems. Logout 
provides unproved performance and a agmlicani reduction m the bottlenecks 
otherwise Barfy » bmld up around a angle central console screen and its operator. It 
prorates other authorised uwxs witii separate screens, with the ability to access all 
the focilitte normally availahte only to the central console operator, so that they can 
ran their own pnrntians or tasks without causing interference to each other Logout 
also provides fast redisplay of previous console messages and conaant daplav of the 
contents and status of all partitions. The p ro du c t is now in us fourth mapr phase of 
development, fallowing changes in tbe IBM operating svsem & has sold well 
tiuouahoul to existence and is now in me in nupr l.COO matalBDO nSWOtldWldeL 

Goprari was first introduced in 1961 far DOSfVSE, but has now been farther 
developed to nm under MVS DOSfVSE consists o( 4 major components a resident 
program to control the machine's Operations, a spoohiig system that controls ihe input 
sdwtrimg and otapul erf batch work, a tete-pmcessing system (C1CS) that ranfab 
the terminal network and the data management system (VSAMX Output of batch 
work stored wilhm tha spaating n y M pm i pa nnffl hft ^ [wnitiw m th& 

OCS syasn, because tbe o pera tin g system does not provide coroimimcaaon 
faq b n ee betweea tie spooling system and CKS or vice vera Cicsprmi provides 
tins modi needed capabany, aattog CICS to pool spooled data, a facility winch is 

leomredancmy BMiMBraBtlOBi 

Tubes was intzodnesd m 1983 and was Macro 4’s first prodoct designed far 
nae wiih the VM operate^ system. On U» docrete, 'Viniar canpateis under a VM 




* : optinmui 

► masons. 

e xtt tf m u omi yia oiiit ms V5AMBe3 gather are used and prodaaig 
wat action . b required to maintain efficient y at access, and 
tn»naaTtnriiih| imiflnighf f" nmmim nf rinm nwtn q .fmnlW 

J*22 Anomotag wasth* developed in 1978 far ose under D0OT5 and 
^ wnfiod fa r bb under DO&VSE It reports oa (be usage and effioency of toe 
bcwi Jrng to the xeqfazeroenia of mdi v i dyT mt! Although it duptksnes 
competitive packages, it also provides 
, wfax± produce both punted and VDU 

. dBTOfaj5^SSSj^r aye1 ^ “ ,87? ** D06,v ® and baa new ate bean 

’ the results of pax 
beyond fast of i 

prog ram mer who caused fae anon By rednang the 
-. .wi.iiywi anec an emu to a Sew pages 'or so e eua oT stgmficam 

^^^Wra^aaxipmarter enables even gate inexperienced programmes! to ‘debug* 

' VP^t g Macro 4*g mat xecantty released product. ft operates on VM in the 
*!5S?.2?L*L s?aem Acsaorting operates on DOS'VSE. Vpac has been marketed 
^^ffijuriju! ^ 1984, *** te abeady in tne in over 200 installations 

l-ntztkoup atao earns revenues tram Boost, a product wtndi became obsolete some 
‘ S SLS* *™ on 0& changes made by IBM to fae DOS operating system. Beast 

SJa Group typically contracts with its cyfftwiwriw an He of an 
rental Contract with rentals payable monthl y in advance, wimiwiiii with o ffs et 
nom the date cm which the product nwtn mribhip tn ih» The rental 

■ contract is automatically reomcf eacb annmssaiy, ""iw specifically terminated 
• ny th e Ctstaner. Accradmgty, revenoeaccXuasconsisieiitty throughout the year and 
■ aom yea r to yea a The estimated breakdown by product of the Grocp’a monthly 
m O ctob er 1995 (taamg the htwa pn«rpv’«H f> PTOT tn far pifalfrflfaf) " 

October 1885 

f , 

- hammier 




| ffiodd tanl bane hue Horn inm» 


The figures above bare bean based an the numbers of each pmto mwniwvt w nrirt igMn 
nd the average UK monthly reoBLratea as at October 1988. Products that an on perpetual 
rental or rented at other rates have been hrdndad at there currant HE monthly rates Sac tin 
purpose of cempaoson between i *od u d & M>nor fastortinca arising torn rfllferea pricing 
arrangements in dtffaronl territones have been ignored 

Each Macro 4 product cnnmirw a built-in security system Id overcome the 
pmhhwn a of piracy and unauthorised me. Authority to me the product ta provided by 
means of a ID-character passwo r d, which is a unique, coded nrnnhhmtinn of an 
ipdnvhnl mainframe computer's aerial number, a finds date, and the featurse of the 
product far which th e customer has agreed to pay. The oner tadndro the password in 
the procedure that initiates the prodnet since without it the product will not function. 
The p as s w i ari s changed whenever additional features of me product are included 
in iht nenul conhact w whan die contract is renewed or transferred to a xepboasant 
CPU.-- , ■ 

The routines -that check the pa s swor d are well- hidden in l a rge, complex' 
program modifies within the product and me desi g ned to cause the product to came 
to lu u rtmn if any attempt is made to modify or bypass them. 

The system checks lo ensure that 3 aspects of authorisation are satisfied 

•— that the product fa running on a rain Fra mu mm put nr fay which a rental 

contract ag re e me id h a s been entered into; 

— - that the current date to within the term of the rental contract; and 
— Bgi the individual facfliH— being used in the prodoct ere within the 

jBCTtpR nf llw rtmlnir^ 

The ahjliiy to operate such a rm tyninftignw c nrnpn&»rg onntrnita wfth 

pmrium far mini ?nd t™kTP tTinfMnq far nTc n tfhnri HPri lwa in Ihw irwimar 

1 B art generally pnwjhtw nn mini nnrtwiicm w»iYii item 


The systems software segment of the co oiput nr industry continues to 
experience strong growth, inwwiinont in new systems software enhances the 
capacity and/or flexibility of an eas tin g configuration and often enables a user to 
avoid or delay making a major co tnniitniwn t to new hardware, while achieving 
improved performance andfar operational facilities. The Qoupfe potential market is 
every IBM or IBM compatible m ai nfr ame, a current total of at least 30,000 m a i nframe s 
worldwide. That market has grown at approximately 8 par cam. par annum fix at ■ 
least fae hut 10 years and b expected to oontnme to do aa 

The fallowing table shows the Dbectnnf estimate of tbs number of each of fae 
present generation of operating systems running on IBM and IBM compatible 
m a dun as it atoo includes a penetration ratio, showing tbs percentage of the * 
es tim a te d number of insfaHaho n s using aae or more of Macro fs products as at 28th 
October, 1S8S. and the average number of Macro 4 products per customer: The table 
i»vfeei*» fae opportunities available to fae Group horn incr eased penetration ctf ■ 
land MVS markets. 

tunning on IBM and IBM 

UK Gramany 






































0 % 









Penetration ratio 

Penetration ratio 

Penet ra ti on ratio 
Average number ofMacio4 
prod u cts per customer _ 

Notes . 

0) Ofaee IBM mdeeta where fae Group has not yet achieved significant sale* have 
been excluded farm the table. 

(u) Utisa oT VM are usually also users of DOS'VSE andta MVS operating systems. . 

Systems software is essential in all computer mstaUanona. Macro 4"s pzodnos 
are fans i wiitwr industry specific; nor susceptible to fae vagaries of partiarhir 
markets, Macro 4 has customers throogboin tbe public and private sectors: In ofi. 
anapm CT P F inni mtKgm msuranei*, hwikmg. faod entertainment baavvandhtfat 
industry, education and local govenmieM. CuMomeia in the UK include: 

Bntish Caledonian Mmufacuiais Hanover Save and Prosper Group 

Cornet Mofaercare STC 

Ex»l Peed Assurance Thomas Chok 

Reedealhgest 3M(UK) 

Honxon Safeway Whitbread 

Tbe Group's revenues are broadly based with almost 2.000 aac mera and an 
svenoe monthly payment per cu stomer of approximately £275. fa fae bat financial 
year, no stogie customer accounted far more than 2 per cent, of Group turnover and 
fae 5 largest customers together accounted fin under 4 per cent of Gkoup turnover. 


By lb nature, systems software a mtneate and complex. Historically, the 
marketing costs involved have been high, to aflow far face to face salhpg. 
oretemmms, Bsnr-oduca no a on-stte installation by the i#m and ce mmam g 
support Macro 4s approach, which it pioneered m 1976. has been to 
concentrate on cresting products 'which will automatically interface wuh tbe usert 
tardware and operating system, requiring little or no m sa Bat io n effart on the user - * 
Mil and ip rriT- T < ^ n,t>on education or tacfancai advioe. Sunifarfy. great attennoo is 
nmd to the techmcal stsbfaty of products, so Bat suteequent technical support and 
p ^iam ■■ wnwn tkm ere reduced to a mmbnum. 

Ann result. Macro 4 has created a range of products that can be. and fa 
mmtwtad bv tefepbone and nuoL end supported in fae same way. The Cheep's 
itw tow n arfce tipg and sappoit costs resulting hem this approach. 

^ T Ti>-m 4s - w^wfly password sysian contributes aigtrificanflyto as marketing 
aatogr txtniSaa * fawcoBt maric etmg and control"" 

fawdvad a oen etatin a. disaibutina i 
tw— cHcumatances - change of congiutet. contract renewal, arkfition of 
- is fans aimoat eteamated and the sMHng cf additional features is 

01 "^:t!fixe-faan 8D per cent of fas Group's revenue comes from monthly renal 
r*~m. ~,n.hwrt« have run at a low rata and Macro 4s exp er ience indkatea 
bfa of a p rod uc t win exceed 5 years. The hahmee of 

‘nai Ont t T W '^ pi oduas here to date been m arke te d in both Noifa red Surfa 
Tt^nraiK an ex dimv e perpetual hcencepoauara to which fae 

jmjn DOSVSB i has been 
_d kg vtrtnd 

SDIil" 1 Bod fa now also avadabie far MV& As port cf its virtual 
' « tadmiquB far^ handtog Qea helddn disk Known 

■sSgasaag ejaBaa agagaag 

puwtBsjiiupuitionately and fa e original eflkaancy of 
, . _ . . are^arganisaiionaffaetfata. Instigated as a rasna of 
of fae Effibya VSAM trained systems programmex. Even then. 
b unmray to be obtained, since the procure fa unctemtaen 

tattaocal support nv»ilabie ten tbe Dt product dewlopers as back-up to Hs own 

sales sad aopbon opexatioas. The wpafaha-m provide Mbs 4 wifa a means to 
spend to sues in fae T fahed 3at»s amt Canada, which account for as great a 

ptoprahea of fae potential wmktinaxkBtaBfae nstof fae-wedd combmed, md wiD. 
enable it » retain within fae oufaiged Gkoup elUha fadoma azfafag bom these sales 
Fbbowmg tba aoq nl B liiwi . it fa attended to expand fae Gtaxfafa Nadh American 
business at on accelerated nna 

ta Frimce. Half and Switserfand.' Macro 4h pnvtacfa are now marfatwi by 
local subsidiaries hi Germany, Macro 4s products are marketed by a kxal licensee 
with whom tbe Company has had a-kmg-atimdmp refatfamfspb The C ag a iye 

cmrgnlty nrfsurntim r a new licence agrearaant with Him mifTir temmif 

wtnch he will be raguted to inc re ase sufaetarajany fae royohies payable ffttew 4 
dming each year of tba Borneo, A anmlar revised bcenacog agraemaru baa xwemuty 
been entered into by Macro 4 and its Amzaliaa tiosnseok In the Benelux eonmrios; - 
fared. Japan, Scanrfnwvta and Spain. Macro 4 uses nfaex mdapeudent bocrisees to 
market its pnxhKtx aiewliareinttie World. Macro 4 tonfa sad suppwte i ts ptnrinrts 

by nsd. lofapbone and telex efizeedy finen fis UEbsadquaztera. 

Macro 4 lias a consistent growth record, its rereads® tarring taciamwf 
siQnificantta each yea tor fae tarS'yeaxs in fas'-Qmied Kingdom. Oniled States. 
Europe and Australia. 

The fallowing table, which fa presented on fae same basis asJbe Acoountonu; 
Tepon below (as If toe acqttisman of Macro 4, tan bad taken affect from the begtontag 
dt ftaperigdl provides a aunmary of fae geogrepUcalbrestefawnoftlie Graro’s 
turnover from iri u timmig operations d uring fae S years and 4 «"«"*« ended 31st 
October. 198& 

Pm tdnua g BugrapWr alhwahdBwaoftmnowgfwmucmtBmaBopaaatiaas 19S1-19SS 

4 months 

• Teats ended 30th June. 3 Lst October; 



ll Ufiwl SlaliM 

Hint c&nada 

Soyaldes received 


New Zealand. 
SE Asa 

■ '.1961 ' 1982 

£000 *..£00q % 

„- .1983- IBM '" 1985 

son % £000 % £000 % 


£000 * 

' 302 43 570 40 

*14 36 993 28 L347 98 

508 38 

547 47 . 711 S3 

L1S5. S3. 2006 58 2363 57 

1,075' 54 

“ — - 

— — 154 3! 

SI 3 

' L049 S0. L281 .90 

LWB'w'.adbi as a'ssb' a 

im 83 

91' « ■ 119 S 

TffI JO 414 ‘ IS- m IT 

290 13 

19 3- 24 '2 

38 2 70' 3 120 2 

‘45 2 

imiOO L424 J03. . 4244 100 . 3,485 70D 5,100 100 



CO UK revenues Include sonar rental tacame paid \ 
t rc stornais m te rritories where faere ia no bcensee or i 
CO Boyahias received repream fae net royaMaa ro^ p i ied Brim bveiaeas lice aBe«« 

* The increase in turnover shown abova is based oq a steady sreresse in fae 

the feDowngoagta. The rata o^taoa^ is expe^d’tot^iot^^a'zeaiL^ie 
eoqfafatfan of Macro A fao. and faa. xaoent aataHtitament of .wtadiy owned 
subsidiaries at the GonttasnL 


The potential market tor systems software significantly exceeds fae cunent 

level of sales by oH participates in the sector. . 

Macro 4 consktem Crnimuter Associates and Goal Systems to be its major 
oompetitora. Both are based in fae United Stateo and offer a number of products that 
axr®me fareetty with soma of thoee developed by Macro A A msnber of -other 
companies also have products that are directly competitive with ate or two of 
Macro 4b systems software packages. 

Memo 4 Cb products ere sometimes, marketed'in competition with BMs own 
software. IBM already bad Competing products^! fae rntfas covered by Vjpec; TWoes 
end System Aoooiinmg when these products w e re re l aased. Macro 4a prod n ets are 
d e si g n e d to offer alba approved - performance a enhanced fagTitina and are 
nm Upettti i, elyrT i CT^rw i p nTipr * withtlwiHMif 

Macro 4s sofas growth bps not been materially by oompetitive 



The reaemrch and devetepmentftinctkm at Macro 4isqf major impo rtnnrar to the 
Group. It has atabied Macro -4 to produ ce technically mtail atandardiaed 

.pify^v ^ napaMarfm^ P WfttTffWM ntifMi feo mnt jnri[wfaol ragAwtiApy 

ffa pe ndttn mon xM B iu EfaBird dtiv ei o pm B ititeyi e s a i iwdiaapCTCBnt of Gknup aatoa 
m fae year ended 30th June. 1385 and is exp ec te d to acccaaa far appn ridnaiftly 125 
per cent, of Gkoqp sales dozing the Cumik yeet • • 

. Research and development- embraces '3 aspects development of new 

sake them ccngwliMe with MVS. Where Jeaisihta. Macro 4 nfintmnfe to dawdop 
each existing profarct, cemoo ntratin g on panvidmg JartMar added-valnB features 
which bmg in ad dfrfai al avenue. • 

Initial dervolopmont of new' ideas fa imdartaJbep by a single developer. This 
enures consistency of approach in' tbe design and development of tbe product 
When a working verston atha prodoct fasraflabte; it b tested ta-bouse and then by 
selected UK a atomers over a 2 to 3 roocth period bafara being released waridwide. 
Rwponsibffity far prodnet mtatennae and enhancement is xttiaioed by fae 
deralnpei; s iro par te d by anotha mamba of fae development team. Typically tba 
development of a Macro 4psxxhactwfll take 13 mottihs from fae itstisl idea to fas firs 
receipt of reroute from the p roduct. 

Prodnet dewdopmant fa carried cot entirely ta fae BK b^ajeam consisting of 
IB tectaii ca l i md < ju ro l opmnm stall Macro. 4a dgro torm e n t coateara written off as 
they are inasred; they consist or fae salaries of fae fasrofapmanr and technical stag 
time used on Mstan ft c omputer (currently an IBM 4M1. 12) ana rriatrfoveriiBacta. 


Macro 4s safe UK location kb firm acre-freehcddeite te Worth. Sosa The 
Company owns fae entire -aha ind ndi ag a bled bmldtag-vriach provides 12,000 
■mare fleet of nevriy converted offices and a compteersuitB. The aite also indudre an 
addjtionri bufldtag far which fame is pfamangcoment to fcreaia H000 square feet of 
farfag ottm accom m odation. Macro. *acnun«dttaa balding as pert efitatang term 
deretopmeiit programme. It is ^iw^irtort e commenc® ndcitfopoeit clT the ' 
a ddi t ional building during 1886, at an estimated n vnuw i ti coat of £L4 milBop. to be 
finajoced from internal roecorce£ 

Mkio A ta& troerate e from 5000 sq ua re feet of abort tawartioM offices in 
Maunt Freedom. New Jeraoy. No problems are antfcapeted in extending its leese or 
tonin g other Bn fable f wmimit 

Funber details of fae Group's p nwnij tes are sat out -in p a ragraph 8 of 
Additional tafaunation b e krw. 



Macro 4 has 7 Director* 5 bring fiill-tima ex e ent i wa who have entered imp 
■mice oontreds'wfth. fae Company (bob -paragraph 7 of Adcfaiounl rntarmslion 

JAMES FEENEY (aged 43} was a ppo i nted a naMnotcotive Director of fas 
Company m 1963. bscmhigj Chairman m 1384 He worked m various technical and 
m a nage ri a l roles wife -LBO Computers and Centre-Fife 'prior to j nining Hoskyns 
Group ta 1865 where be became Managing JOkectm: in OTU ta 1988 be left Hoskyns 
Bfau^fanpemal Software Technology. Ha is eurrenfly Managing Director of imperial 

TCTEMCEinJbT (aged 4fl) is a C hartere d Secretary. Hewariaediaiffl 1964in 
M^?Ma£ S’lnos fambetaa 

. wifa IBM. CMC and InfiOT*; where be was OK Sales Manager. He joined Macro 4 m 
i97S as a saJesmaa and became Sales Director in fae same yteat He was appointed 
Mana ging Director in .l97£ . 

XEIIH HFER (aged 47) is a gxaduate of Cambridge University in chemical 
engineering. He joined S*Hn 1960 asm petroleum techaotogw and in ISflSfada 
group that set up fae euapatet section at Shemaron Refinery. He bta transferred » 
Shell Oenne. where he w» re sp on sible fax nainiaiping DOS computer syateaa. He 
joined Macro 4 ta 1970 and was imtiatty mwfved ia the safes and derofapmem-of 
d produce Smoe 1976 helm ffeea-HMonSfotolarfae derolopmeht uTa 
ref fae Gampenyh products Ha was appraued to the Bated ta IBM. 

DAVID COOKSEY (aged 45) was appointed 
December. 1«& He ia Managua DSTOcsar^BteroiiriMontent compenfas of Advent 
TteciincJpgypte and AdwmEnmfundlmted which wiEtogwheshrifat 125462 of the . 
Company’s dares after the' OOer far Sola.' Advent H a venture capital caganisatkni 
inwatingm taa tatec h notogy. compa n ies. Paid Cqctaey ism executive dueefta rtf 9 
fl fttep w y n puiM ii iti |hft AQVttZt {p fip twH jg KIHffHSfUnirtiH f^i Tfj C ^PT Of 
Genetics Gmpeny Lmrdad, Efactra Managemeat pic. Emnpean SiEoon Saoctures 
SA- Kknotrcm HoldtaoB pic and Xoma (Europe) Uniked. He was fae fast Chairman of 
the British Venture Capital Areoctalfan and isamemberafits CoundL 

JAMB DOWliNG (aged 48) is a bachelor of science in ch atm a H y from 
Edirfaurgh Uui vetak y . He hasworiaadin the' computer indmary fbr over 20 yeas and 
was wifa 1CU Texas tastnmnts and GTE before joining Macro 4 in 1975 as. a 
sa toman . He :» now renwm i b l e lot Groop marke ti ng and system auppart and was 
nppomiBd in fae Board in December 1985 ' 

JOHN GREK* (aged 33) -bas-warkad wuh. IBM mainframe oomputera smee 
197 L He joined Macro 4 in 1978 from Extol, where ha bad been femtiy rasponsibto far 
anmteoance of Extefe IBM system, fince joining MaeroA hehartterolDpecf2afthe' 
Com pa nds pro d u cts sndiscttmKUiyr etpo Dxi bto far tothecdOTetopmant of Vpec 
He was appo in ted to fan Board ja Da c wmb a r 1985 

ANtitobkJIABg(aggd41)hashad 22 years' eme i wnce in fae computer 
mdustry. atasxk entirely man mM enrironmem. He spent 17 years with Tkm& byte 


appointed IX Stiles Oirectcff ta Pecen i h er 


Gam fae natrae of fae Grom wifa a f tagle b ndn era 

. jnorahly reutri iwoiiwtfr fare not Wbasto been oonndM^BBBMeltowint* 

Fbun Directtac. these dories haring been- .tife agpo nsfl^ at Mfr: 

Managing Director, ta view of fae proposed acqoeakki «f hfaoo < no. and Ibe 
tratoftian to listed company statin (be Board b now i 

cwT^. n^w«m-«KliratMPiKiX3 aTmn»n cgan nqprenfmeTk i 


Tn jrVttnnn »n ihw rihwrtoni tfaflmanaamnent and serotg staff aress foSowx- 

Terence Bakfarin (aged 38} fa a berfaetoc of nrts in com pxQer gn xfiev and 
un ycticJ o gy. After wudaag as a samar osaiJl B r it wtfilogUaaDd Aamj>liojomed 
Macro 4 m 1984 and was a p p ota te d systems angmserm gn i niBi g ff m 1985 ^ 

p ^ y .. M irt B iU g es (aged 38) was a systems programmer wuh S tarting 
WtaQuw before nuzntheGompasy in 1971 smee when he has been tbe pa m rip al 
fn^rmi T anH iwjmifal w unwiB aifliixto tor Mivw A H* b currently 

zemmisiMs fas lecbmcal support tor overseas hceoseos. 

fatal nhmp^m, (aged 39) was technical sairiees manager wuh Hida Gfata 
befaw mning Macro 4 in 1975 He has developed several of Macro 4'a proprietary 
[y n Ai rw As development Trv*n?g" T he is now also responsible far devetopmant 

■ lunlimlm a ifl i iii ItwAmip 

■ swBp- iii . — m ww feged 43) is a graduate of'Kajsto Univezsity in pbysks and 
wirf He joined Macro 4 in 1972 &om IBM arid is cun sully responsible far 
market research, nxdutfcg fae evaluation end design of new prodocto 

(fads Owen (aged 34) jonied Macro 4 m 1979 from GUSmail older dirisioti, 
whore fae was responsible far computer operating system Ha was appointed 
technical services manager o 1985 

Bor FMo (aged 52) is an ssrociate meniber of the Institute of Taxation. He 
joined Macro 4 m WK ssadnmistrmtion manager and was Jaier appohued Oampaoy 
Secretary. Befas joi ni ng fae Cbnqpany. he woriosd far 2 A rm s of chartered 

e c u a unta ntsfirratotalpetaodof2Dyaax3.becreningatax i i iii ii ftgtT nil97A 


Macro A Inc. preaeufiy haaScUBcais:- 

Btfaexr P. Franco (aged 4g) has worked far 28 years m fae data pmoaiMtu g 
farhwtr y wifa, »n»" yu ofamsL Cybernetic* Int enwtk mal oral Software Design be. - 
fca employee m IB77 sai tm held 8* post of 

President abce that year. 

Max a Hargrave (aged 44) joinad Maoo A Inc. ra 1977 ftran Software Design 
Inc Ha is Vice Preeidenr with pnuapal respoosibflily far technical support. 

Following fae aamptetton of tbe BcgBsnon of Macro A Inc. Me Fran co and 
Me. Hargrave wil enter into service agreements with Macro A fare, under winch they 
will confame as President and Vice President respectively. Ml Kelly and Mr. 
rVwf ti T ^ will hi> Htfflclua. FWtwtf dtiflihflfMt raDOOfflOd 

Me Hargrave's service agreements are set art to paragraph 7 of Additional 
mfcmiiHti o n betow. •- 


Mscm 4 has created share optioo ariiauiss both far io UK employees and fi?r 

key employees of Macro A Ioe Tbe scheme fix' UK employees tas been 
approved by tbe t"t"«t Revenue under tbe provisions of the Finance ArU 1984. Tbe 
which b coodfaonal upon comptetka of the actjpisition. of 
Macro A tiro, provides far fae grant co certain of Macro A Inc.'s key enytoyaes of 
to eegatre far nil pnm»rt«irnUnn y »iiiwm of 332,757 Shares. Further details 

ofbotb these sdienxM are set out m paragraph 9ofAd tiili n w 3iinii ii Ji fltPn liek)w. 


t^w> Hmup rnrTtwHty pmpViyu app mnmairiv 69 amfffex rii x iiir o the Directors) 
of whom 40 are based in the UK. i9 are baaed in the US. 4 are based in Fcmce, 2 are 
b wp<irt in Switeufend end 4 are based in Italy. Staff relations are good and feoff 
turnover is tow. 

The average number of employees of the Group by activity over the peat 3 
years has been as faDons: - 

Average number employed 
- - • during years ended 30th Jape, 

1963 1984 1983 

Safes and m arketing 
Development end support . 
AdminiBtratioa and secretarial 















The muting record of the Gokq> over the 5 years and 4 months ended 31st 
October, 1985 is setont in Min fae Ac o o mU a nti f repeat betow-'nte fallowing table is 

pnacnntnrt nti thu Mum h»ow fjy ttw» Arn mnuanlrf nepnrt (»» irthwnoqunrition of Macro 

A tiro, bad taken place at the beginning of fae potod). ft shows tbs gr owth in the 
Group's m mn mr over this period, together with fae profit from continuing arid 

Tuin ^VMitifintTig n pP ffl tinr w - ... 

Profit and lore texamts 





Yesrs ended 30th Juda 













Turnover _ 

- continuing 

— rxnt-contumzng 



















Qpetating pmMlora} before 
exceptimfe item 

Exceptional item 








Operating pm&tftkan) after 
exceptional item 

Profit befcre taxation 

— fmpi {flwrtiiininfl opflraHiuft 

» flnMn. 









; 114 









‘ 518 






PmBt lwfo» bnlinn 














Profit after taxation 


' 19 

" 147 




As can be seen freer fae above table. Macao 4 has a ennastent growth record. 

On 10h 5pptetnb& 198S Macro 4 agreed to the early t wnniiwl k m of an 
exdnstve agreement that gave fae. Company the right to m a rk e t in fas UK 

and Bre a' third party’s software packager Tbe co n adataboa bf £0.7 miDtoa paid to 
Macro 4 reflected the agreed discoanted value of the net inooma which the Company __ 
wnofal oftanrise eapect to have earned frraa thalicaflceowgr its rama ming 4 y ear' 
term The revenues and profits from tba Sconce, tadading -fao re ansm g an 
taa uina tton. are shown se p arate l y as nan-co ntinui n g in order to i lhmtraift the 
performance of the Consany's own prapoetary products Tha Group now derives 
over.fiS per cent of far reranoes firm safes of its own proprietary prodnets. 

Tbe growth m turnover and pro fit from continuing operations stage .1 981 h ag 
been eensiriBrabte. In particular: prolte before taxation from continuin g operating 
have grown from £518,000 ta the year ended 30fajHnn, 1954, wfakfa was the first year 
fallowing the management buy-col and fae change ta the batas of fae Company's 
operation, to a fcredtat *4300,000 far fae year eodtag 30fa June, 1986: 

As set out above ta tbe smtariaryof emptoyoesf Macro 4 has agnifoanrfy 
increased its employment of deyetopmem and sfaport staff over thti last Syeeis ta 
orifer to secure tbe continued witpannon of is product range. During JS6& 3 new 
products are expected to be released m addition to 2 products from toe Groups 
DOg/VSE prodnet range that have been convened to MVS operation. None of these 
prcx^jrf? Km frpf»n ■rigntfleant mntrihiUn r to the profit forecast far tba 

year ending 30fa Jane 1888. As they gam market penetration, they axe Italy to have 
■ substantial vepswu far Bib year p f^en g 30th June. 1887 and subsequent years The 
operating expenses fas fae current yean however, reflect the write-off of the 
dertajopinent oasts associated with these new prodnets in fine with tbe accounting 
policias adopted by the Group. 

The resells far the first 4 Hr* 1 **** of tha current year reflect not only the 
increas e d employment of fenff but efen fas start-up tosses of Macro As new 

/and Switzerland. 

Tba Group's profits are mflnwnoBd by movements m tbe sterifagAfafiar 
exenaage rate. At this current level of trading on an annual basis, a movanent ta fas 
exchange rate of 10 cents from J1.50:£l to $L4a£l would giro ri» loan increase m 
Group pre-tax profits of approximately £100,000 (and rice versa). The Company has 
srid forward a anbstantm proporttao of its exported monthly maa t un cea from fae 
United Staten far the remainder of tba year ending 30th June. 1388 at rates varying 
between fL41 and$L43;£L 

. The apparent tosses on coottamng operations m 1981 and lSGZresuh directly 
from the Company's then policy of distributing in ite senior amptoyees the whole of 
any surplus, aflar taking account of both Bcence and other inecana. 


Tba Directors forecast 1 fast cur fae bases and assumptions set oat under 
Information relating to the profit forecast betow and in the absence of unforeseen 
cncmnstancea Am turnover of the Groop from coitfirarinrj operations far file year 
ending 30fa June; 1908 win be «h less than £8,400.000; fae profit before tmatfon of thu 
Group from continuing operations for that year will not be less than £2jXti.0CC and, 
including tire exceptional credit and non-contiranng oper a tions referred to above, 
win be not less than £3,0 ICUXia 

On the basis of the profit forecast tor oontiraring operations, earning* per share 
alter an estimated actual tax charge of 39 par cent are forecast to amount to &Sp 
b a s ed on the 21^327,273 Shares m i sue following tbe acqmstaon of Macro A Inc Ar 
the Offer far Safe price of I09p per share, tins rapreaants a prospective prioe-eanangs 
ratio of 182. On tba basis of a notional 35 per cent tax.chazg* eenyngs per share 
would be G.9p. representing a prospective price-earnings ratio of 15.2 


Tbe net tangible assets of the Groop at 31xr October, 1985 (hs shown m the 
Accountants? report betow) were QLS miHton, equivalent to lL6p per dare, 


ft is the p re sen t intention of the Directors u recommend, m the absence of 
unforeseen cneumstanoas, a dividend of Q.5p net per share (0.71p gross) m respect of 
the year enfang 30th JiHte.-iB86vriBchisexpacied-iQ be payable in November, 1988.. 
If fae Company had been quoted far fae -whole year, the Directors would lave 
eorpectecfto recommend toal dividends far the year of lp net per rimza (L43p most), 
ft is expected fiat in future years efiridends wift be paid by way of an interim ta May 
and a final in November: 

The annual dividends that, tbe Dtraetozs would have expected to recommend 
if the Company had been quoted for fiat whole year would represe nt ■ gross 
dividend yield of 1.38 per cent, at fae Offer far Safe price of !Q5p par share and 
would be covered 6.5 times by forecast eannngs from oontmumg operation*. 


The number of IBM and IBM compatible mainframe installations vrarkhride ts 
rising steadily, and exceeds the tool numberafmstaflations of ail other motaframe 
inn wi rti irtuTwni mmhmori Furthermore, tbe IBM systems software onv itmu Hont is 
constantly evolving and generating o p p or t uni ties far new products. Maori A as a 
feeder ta its field, has proven ridQs ta developing and successfully marketing 
innovative new products The Company has an esceUom reputation amongst data 
pro c essin g operator* a wide and growing product range and established, safes 
operations a file mam geographic areas of the IBM mainframe market 

Macro 4s otriwfa record iseatodtenfaad wsBadably 
level of contract renewals each year provides a stntrie raveaae bare and Macro vs 
mimwi i M linn m lia nalr^-mij - anri aP"" iwmbntiwH iwmhaJa Shcmp c ol iui ilte lo 

ghteftaa advantage cvwrenstanasad 
am) support eoita 
hfacxo 4 Wffl cewtintie to co n c en t ra te on the JBM and i BNt 

mi M u ft » n n» ^Apng^ tnftitthibfy Midnnopitaiiiticao* 

Macro A expects tfe strong growth ta zarasne to be t mintwtag d by th e 
fetroductioa of new products. Macro 4 has nv begun to address ft»MV5»ectojjM 

the na ukat which is es tima te d to be lft€00opeteiingay3temsw oiiaw i d e ./n» MVS 

versons cf 2 cf in estatdished DO&VSE producQ, wtada art) cunen tiy iA^fen yLimg 
fifed mfeq wfll be awflabte far active iranksting shortly. High er matyya. n avg 
hfetoriaiBy been availabfe bom MVS piodurts than from DCwVSE pnduaafa 
addition. Macro 4ri developing, foe rekaae m 196 a other new padagw for fae 

DQ6fV5B MVS and VM markets which win enakte it to offer addihotyrl products auo 

features to both new and easting emmaere Plans for new prochc^s for 1987 ** “* 

m hurt - - 

Macro fapaDferatiou ta the United Stares b as yet much tower than tafaeUK 

F« axanmfe tataito fi» DC6WSE motel. Macro 4 has to date supphalprodu^to 

only 10 per cert of the eattaoeted KX00O DOS/VSE mantamnes m the Unnad Sates, 
bat to 98 per cent. ^ ftatrrruu ^ d yy) my* martim^ m the UK- The acquisition Of 
Macro A Inc. 'will give Macro 4 the opportunity to increase substa n tially u= 
penetration of the im p o r tant United Slates market This will not have a major impact 
on profits in file current year but it wtfl provide fin basis for substantial far ther growth 
in fatore years. 

Ofaer tanka: opfxnlunltiesare expected to follow from the xeoeni esabUd unent 
of subsuhenes' m France end Italy winch ore respectively fire second and nurd 
largest IBM markets in Europe. These subsidiaries rfwitd faefafate the rapid 
pen etration at fanr marVwi and a fe expected fiat they wiQ become profitable 
within a short pend 

Tbe Directoa have corifidenoe m Macro 4 1 * tang- term growth prospects, and 
are satisfied that Macro 4 is well tfiaced to take advantage of the contmumq 
expansion in the worldwide market for packaged syste ms software and fin; 
omxmmaber availabfe for mcreasmg its safes tn overseas and MVS markets, 
particularly ta Ibe United States. 


The pzmopal reason for the OBst Ar Safa taking place ar this stage, in too 
devetopmeu of the Company arises horn the agreement to acquire Macro AJnc 
3L07A773 Shares are befog aflooed to tbe vendors of Macro A Inc of which 1409.^9 
Shares are being sold to rase $3.62 mUbon on then behalf ra the Offer far Sate, whiki 
665,538 Shares are betag retained by them 

Following the acquisition of substantial shareholdings w Macro 4 by the then 
employees and the Advent group m December, 1983. A bos always been intended 

fiat tte Oompsny would ta due aiuse seek a taring. The Offer for Safe wfil provxfe 

there employees with an oppaztonuy o reahae a proportion of then holdings and 
repay batrovnngs moored by them at that tune, 

A stock market q uo t ation win enhance Macro 4's status as a major 
independent software company. It will atao provide greater flexibility in the 
financing of any acqujsitioD opportunities tha may be identified in the future 


Haskins :Se8s 

Melrose House. 
42 Dingwall Road, 

13th January I red 

The Dtrectois 
Macro 4 pk: 


X Haary SdrroderWagg&Cd La ted 

L We have examined the audited .w; •• of fArao 4 pic ( The Company"', 
its subsidiary Macro 4 (Fiance) SARL and Us proposed subsidiary Macro 4, Inc for 
the periods relevant to fais report The Company has recently set up substdianes a 
Italy and Switzerland Macro 4 Sri and Macro 4 AG respectively. These have been 
comobdated oo fae twas of unaudited management accounts tor the period from 
incorporation to 3 1st October, 1985 The Company, its subsidiaries and propeex’d 
subsidiary are benmraltez referred to as the Group* 

Maoo 4 (Fiance) SARL. Macro 4 S.T.L and Macro 4 AG have been wholly 
owned since tacotpotabm. Tbe acquisition of Macro 4. Inc c conditional upon 
admtarion of fae shares of file Company to the Official La of The Stock E^cteuinr. 
The fair value of fire 3.07A773 ordirary shares of fae Company to be issued to acquire 
Macro A Inc, beaed on 105 pence per diare, being the Offer for Safepnre, c £3. ^y.S. 2 
The auriitowi responsible for awfitmg the accounts of the companies v. :t|mi !.•* 
Group for each of tha periods covered by fins report were as follows 
The Company 

Years ended 30th June, 1881 to 1383: 

Purer Hannan A Oa 

Years ended 30th June. 1984 and 1985 arid 4 months ended 31a Oclvb-: : 


Piner Harman & Ca and Detoitte Harfdns & Sells (appointed 30th Msv 


Macro 4 (France) SARL 

Period ended 30th June. 1985 and 4 tnemths ended 31st October. I93F 

Detoitte Haskins & Sefls (appointed 4ih June, 198S) 

Macro A Inc. 

Years ended 30th Jane. 1981 to 1885 and 4 months raided 31st Ociob-: i 


DetoiiVe Haskins & Sells (appointed 29th March. 1985) 

No audited accounts have been prepared in respect of any company within 
tha Group lor any penod subsequent tn 31st October, 1985 • 

The information get out betow e based on tba audited accounts of the 
companies referred to above, after making all the adjustments we coturfc: 
appropriate. The wifannatwm relating to the Group s set out on a pro-forma basis 
applying fae principles of merger accounting, as if Macro 4. Inc had been u 
subsidiary of fire Company throughout the.S year and 4 month period. The audited 
accounts have been prepared on the basis of the accounting policies set cut betow 
Fbr ail of tbe periods dealt with ta the report the audited accounts have been 
prepared tn accordance with standards approved by the accountancy bodies in thv 
United Kingdom in refettec to the last financial period. 

2. In oar opinion, fae information set out below gives, far the purpose of far 
tatting particulars, a true, arid frnr view of the profits and source and application of 
fends of the Gtoito far fae 3 years and 4 months ended 3 1st Ctotoiber. 1985 and also of 
the state of affairs of the Gtoupai the end of each accounting period 


a The dgnfficaxit accounting pobcies that have bean adopted in an lvwri at . 
the financial information set out m lire report conform wuh UK accounting standards 
and areas fallows 

(a) Bastaofi 

Tbe accounts are prepared chi the how ncal cost baas of accounting 

(b) Baxtaof coBs o fid at ton 

Tbe consolidated accounts include the audited accounts of the 
Company and its su bsi diar y Macro 4 (France) SARL and proposed 
subsidiary. Macro < Inc , made up to each year end Tbe newly 
formed subsidiaries m Daly and Switzerland have beenconsoDdaied 
oo the basis of unaudited management accounts far the 4 months 
ended 31st October. 1385. Merger accounting principles have been 
applied to toe proposed acqiusfaon of Macro 4. Inc. as the transaction 
meets the requirements of section 131 of the Companies Act 1965 
and conforms to current accounting practice on mergers The results 
lave been combined as if the Groop bad been m existence 
throughout tbe period of tins report 

(c) Turnover 

Tumovar represents amounts invoiced to customers net of value, 
added tax. Tbe amounts tavotcod m respect of perpetual rental 
contracts axe taken to profit ovenfae m i n i mum maintenanc e period of 
three-years. > • 

(d) Deprecfetxm 

Depredation ts.pnrvided on tangible fixed assets at tbe following 
annual rales - 

Freehold property —2% straight fine basis 

Leasehold property —Over the penod of die lease 

Computer installation and equipment —20% straight line baas 
Office fixtures, fittings and equipment — 10% straight hoe basis - 
Motor vehicles — 25% reduong balance baas 

(e) Deferred Ttixstfon 

Tbe Group provides far deferred taxation using tbe habiluy meuxxl. 
imtam there is a reasonable probability that no habihry wifi arise 
wafam the foreseeable fl m ire. 

(0 Foreign Currencies 

Assets end hnhthtws and trading reside m foreign currencies are 
translated inn sterling ■» fae rates ruling al the balance sheet dole 
Exchange dtffsrenoes arising nr the. ordinary course of business are 
mdoded m fae trading profit Exchange differences arising on ihc 
translation of fae investment m and amounts due bran the oveiseau 
suhajdaries are recorded as movements on reserves 
Ca) BaMarohandDeyfeopment 

Afl expenditure m respect of research and development p written o£ 
dunag tbs year in winch fl is incurred, 
fa) . Assets Leafed to file Groop 

Where assets arerfimneed by leasing agreements that give nghu 
approximating to ownership: the assets are treated as if they had 
been purchased outright .The amount capitalised is the present value 
of the nnnunum lease payments payable during the lease term Ttv; 
corresponding teesmgcoamwmenE are shown as obligations to the- 

All other leases are operating leases and the annual rentals are 
charged n the profit and toss account on a straight fine baas over the 
lease term 

0) Prog rams Heated by the Group totaiCaaooMira' 

Programs rented to fae Group's custo m e rs have no carrying val-. 
attributed ta them in the Gtoup balance sheets The coasof creat>:i 
the programs, mrtodmg research and development as referred < 
above, are wrtaen off as they are incurred. 


s ended 30tb fuH. 






















. 284 



. 30 








Operating espenass 

— non comnunag 

(g) | 

















Operating pro&l/Qoesl 
— comnuDG 

— Dffl-fY H it iwn ng 


i exceptional Hem (b) 
Exceptio n al ton '(c) 


38 (23) 214 

845 1.912 bl4 

~ — e?s 




it out at 

<5? Atet j 

l Aunrrts Tf/oWtUT 
Tnef w&s a 
^-A fUsit W 
# /A THC PM 

y i i 

> c$L j 

ByG^ Wheel wri^rt ' ~ 

The annual- Which ' Computer * haw. a variety : . 0 f business 
,show farts today ai the applications os the stand to 
National. Exhibmon Gen^e in answer, critics who that 

- Birmingham and promises to be little can be accomplished with 
the usual international aflatr, - the machine. The same kind of 
with companies from all over comment was made about 
the world vying for the British Apple’s Macintosh on its' release 

■ .micro pound. two years ago.' 

Perhaps most, conspicuous But US companies such as 
among this year s eager band Apple and Commodore will not 
. are American-directed firms steal all the glory at the show 
such as Apple and Commodore British ■ and European com- 
- both of which will be relying panies could also be at the 
» lh 5 l . r . . ncw Products to forefront of every show vishar’s 
succeed if they are to have any tour plan. The first stop wlU 
healthy fiiture. - probably be to see Aprieot’s 

The former’s offering will be new Xen computer, which was 
the Macintosh Plus - an launched in November Its 
enhanced version of the Marin- high-speed design is hoped to 
tosh with 1 megabyte, one turn round the flagging fortunes 
million characters of random of the company. fhe'5Cen uses 
access memory, a keyboard that the same computer proceMor as 
.□corporates directional cursor IBM's high-powered . AT and 
reys. a bigger disc store and offers the ability to understand 
y«ter speed. .... information generated by the 

The Macintosh phis will also IBM PC and AT ‘ 
look-up to standard hard disc ' Ferranti wft " be . seeking to- 
n’d printer unite, unlike its enhance its reputation £ a 
jrafe^sor. With a pnee of purveyer of low-cost, IBM- 
iboot£2,500 Apple will have to compatible equipment with the 
machmes announcement of new machines' 
* a i that wffl operate with software 

Many analysts expect Ample and hardware or the IBM PC 
o drop the ongjnal 12Sk and. AT — but, says foe 

^ a fraction^of the 

igo. According to Apple UK, price, 
tiorc than 75 per cent of ... 

Macintoshes sold are the 512k British software houses will. 
/ariety. also receive attention - particu- 

Few people at the Which J? 1 ?? • fi ?? E ?«>P«fos looting 
7ompuicr?ahow will get to 

ce the new machine until ^ **“ £ ** ' 

niday, as it is being kept under 
wraps until Apple’s head office 

□ the US makes foe announce- S*? 888 00 *he continent with its 

J».s!5i.- ,, TRL5 

Minch on Thursday in its tune lo do.aibn tool 

naSnary fhmtoyani style by Jngu^e nandanon of it. tight 
confcSS S Si ^°^n to the commands, 
an Francisco. Finally, there axe the Euro- . 

m Meanwhile, Commodore is P® 811 *; .Firms such as Olivetti 
■ Loping to steal Apple'ssfoirader ai iP Epcssou have man ag ed - to 
nd ranch ■ of its potential 2am a toehold in the UK' 
ustomer base with foe Amiga market and are decorate to get 
ompftter. The Amiga claims to mor p- Olivetti has enjoyed 
o everything the Macintosh P ar ticular success and last year 
an -..but in colour and with rcsc * K d UK computer company 

■ rilliakt stereo sound. The ^® ra Computer — makers of 

vmiga's success is crucial to ffic BBCMScro. 
jomthodore's recovery, in the For those viators to the show 

- . vake of a downturn that raw it who become .too jaded by .foe 
umounce foe dosing of as- sales pilches, the Association of 
iembly. operations, and the *• Professional Computer Consult- 

■Mnlfmn tnre iaIsd ut Ontv twnmiM - - - - m I 


Clones put pressure on IBM 

A done of an IBM PC can cost as little as 
.£85 to construct in Korea, which ggptohm 
why foe price of PC-IOce computers is 
tumbfing. towards £600, even when a 
keyboard, disc drive and monitor- are 

With a wave of personal computers 
rolling into foe UK from the Far East, foe 
price curve of foe PC could follow tbs* of 
foe ball-point pen, which is said to have 
c h anged hands for £175 at one time. 

Hut foe oriental suppliers will not 
necessarfly be an unqualified boon for UK 
buyers. There could be legal trouble - IBM 
has already served notice that it will 
protect itx copyrights, jnst as Apple did 
three years ago when foe Apple £L was for 
object of fiendishly clever imitation. Nor 
can £600 be expected to buy much in foe 
way of service and support. 

But not all of the pressure on prices is 
coming from unknown names of doubtful 
reliability. Epson, probably foe leading 
printer maker in foe micro business, has a 

By David Guest 

range of low-priced configurations, and 
born-again US mannfactnrers Victor and 
Osborne are getting in on the act. 

Meanwhile, it is possible to buy foe 
genuine article for well below £1,000, 
thanks to the discounts on foe apparently 
moribund IBM Portable PC. Even the PC 
itsetfr and its main competitors, are subject 
to steady downward pressure on prices. 

Software, too, is becoming less expens- 
ive in real terms, with progressively more 
sophisticated packages generally costing 
bo more than the original. The arrival from 
the US of Borland International and Adam 
Osborne’s Paperback Software should 
help foe process along. 

But for low prices to be sustained, high 
volumes of sales must be achieved. The big 
UK companies that buy large numbers of 
PCs are hardly likely to go out on a Hmh 
with an untried supplier. The manufac- 
turers mnst look elsewhere fin business. 

They may be Inspired by foe rallying cry 

Many managing directors are 
dissatisfied with what they get 
ont ofthdr computer systems. 

Many projects to integrate 
the whole management control 
systems of the company are 
being started with the joyful 
expectation of the consultants, 
analysts and programmers that 
they wifi keep them in work Tor 
the next two years or more. 

But this is quite out of phase 
with the manag in g director’s 
short business cycle. The 
volatile economic chmate often 
makes companies expand- and 
contract to the extent that the 
system will inevitably be quite 
foe wrong shape or irrelevant to 
what foe company will be doing 
in two years* time. 

But foe system will have 
gained a momentum of its own 
by then. Computers, communi- 
cations. networks and software 
wfll have been -chosen by an 1 
elaborate tendering procedure, 
between five or more competing 
suppliers. This' may have .taken 
six months -or igore, aSers'-an 

Two years can 
be a long time 

By Richard Sarson 

outline job-specification, which 
also took six months. 

Then,- systems analy- 

sis will take six months, 
programming and debugging a 
year, and implementation and 
operator^ training another six 

Three years have now gone 
by and lots of money has been 
spent, with no payback from foe- 
system. To get a return on your 
money will need at least two 
years’ trouble-free 'running 
management hopes, without no 
major changes to the system. 

The manag ing director will 
say: “Five years have passed, 
and, as I said before, my 
business cycle now is two years 
at the most 1 *. 

He might also point out, if he 
knows much about foe com- 
puter scene, foal hardware and 
software have a useful life-cycle 
of about two years. He will, 
therefore, question using obsol- 
ete and uncompetitive systems 
far the past three years of foe 
five-year project. 

If foe useful life of * a 
computer system in a commer- 
cial company is no more than 
two years, it follows that to get a 
payback from the. system, you 
must keep foe development 
period to six months at foe 

To do this in conventional 
data-processing departments is 
more or less impossible, writing 
systems in long- winded com- 

puter languages such as CoboL 

There are tools which 
will help - so-called fourth- 
generation or “natural” lan- 
guages. These are more like 
everyday English and reduce foe 
drudgery of prog rammin g so 
that the programmer can act as 
analyst. They also make it 
possible to prototype systems. 

This is computer-jargon for 
“suck it and see”. You no 
longer have to get everything 
100 per cent right in foe original 
design, but can change as you go 

But foe best way to avoid 
long and expensive develop- 
ment periods is to move one 
step at a time. Anyone who tries 
to be more ambitious is bound 
to get lost in a time warp and 
get ont of phase with foe 
company’s business cycle. 

So do not try to integrate all 
your systems from scratch, and j 
even be wary of setting up a | 
company-wide database. These 
are seductive phrases which lure 
companies into years of plan- 
ning blight. 

Edited by Matthew May 

Portable devices - 
a weighty problem 

By David Hewson 

Does the busy executive need a The lap-top market has now 
lap top- computer foal can fit been joined by a range of newer 
into his briefcase and enables machines, although in many 
him to catch up on work in foe sectors it is still dominated by 
seat of his plane or train? the Epson and the more 

A number of manufacturers powerful successors of the early 
thought not when the first true Tandy. Many of foe newer 
portables came on foe market machines are bulkier than the 
around two years ago. but foe earlier ones in order to offer 
success of these tiny, yet more facilities, in particular 
powerful machines has compatibility with foe 1BM-PC 
surprised many. Now IBM. The Data General One, which 
which originally thought they offers IBM-compatibility and a 
were non-starters, is believed to frill-sized LCD screen is, in 
be contemplating its own many ways, the elite of lap-tops, 
machine, a sure sign that foe with a price tag starting around 
market is one to be watched for .£2.000, but it is a lot more hefty 

of Atari’s Jack Tramiel, who rarely misses 
an opportunity to announce that he is 
producing computers “for the m ass e s, not 
the classes”. 

In the US this tactic may be reasonable 
The higher level of average disposable 
income helped to make foe Apple II a best- 
selling home micro, and ft has been 
suggested that when foe PC is superseded 
IBM will relaunch it at a lower price into 
the home and education 

_***.. Jbe UK, Research 
Machines will testily to foe scope that 
exists in education for 16-bit machines. 

But as personal computer makers 
out new markets for their «n a rhino* the 
home computer firms have started to 
muscle in on the business systems market 
by offering home computers with business 
applications at budget prices. Atari is able 
to offer an impressively high-octane 
system for £750, and Amstrad its £450 
PCW8256 word processor. 

in the future. 

to carry around than a small 

The first machine to try to Epson or Tandy, 
capitalize on this idea was foe Many machines now have an 
Osborne, built in the US by an internal disc drive which 
expatriate Briton. At the time it increases storage capacity and 
was a great success, and rising has foe ability to run more 
American executives could be programs with ease but adds to 
seen lugging their Osbornes the weight and shortens the 
through airport lounges as their lime between battery charges, 
status symbol. But the company At foe moment, lap-tops fall 
later hit financial difficulties. In into two camps, . the smaller 
pure portable computing terms cheaper versions which have no 
the Osborne was a dead loss: it mechanical parts except a 
was heavy and needed a mains keyboard and may be thought 
plug or a huge portable battery of as tiny, powerful peripherals 

pack to work. 

to a larger computer system? 

A British company. Apricot, and the newer, bigger machines 
made the same mistake when it which attempt to rival standard 
produced a portable far more business personal computers. 

advanced than 
the Osborne, 
with fancy bits 
and bobs such 
as an LCD 

Many machines have 
internal disc drives 

No one has 
perfected foe 
latter yet. 

And, port- 
able screens 

screen and voice recognition, are usually based on LCD 
Sales were so bad that the technology which does not have 
machine turned the clarity of a conventional 

Apricot's results from a dream computer monitor, 
into a nightmare, and the n ,„ ___ ^ „„ w „ llKt 

computer is now being remain- . ® ut tl J^ e ni !Srt,l!L. n< Lfi OU ai l 
dered in the high street for £499. l ^ at a . manu ^ acturer Wl ||» al 
more than £1,000 below its somc stage, come up wfo a 
original price. computer which may double as 

A real portable computer a desk top with a monitor in the 
should fit in a briefcase and be unplugged, fur- 

powered by batteries. Around W1 }* 1 f ? new P or ^ a ^® 

the time of the Apricot Port- 5 crecn ' an£ *« f ?^£? ' on - ^ * rajn 
able, high priced machines batteries. Com- 

ap pea red. 


But the breakthrough came P° rts f , “ lo .^. staff ^ 
with two cheap computers, the fo ,' md 5* ^ 

Tandy 100 at about £400 and | nd . welcomed. .Civil 

the Epson PX-8 at £700. Both Servi^ commissioned 

offered word-processing, data- |U j Wn ® nUs ^ _made portable 
base and financial facilities and word P rooessor - 

Unlike other portables, foe 

could be linked to the main- 

frame computers of electronic- Whitehall machine is exception- 
mail systems through ordinary ally easy to use for someone 
phone lines, via an acoustic new to computers, partly 


because its facilities are limited 

The communications facility to basic word-processing. Its 
■immediately won admirers in a competitors are invariably more 
wide range of industries. Sales adaptable but demand a degree 
representatives found them of computer awareness if they 
invaluable for placing orders are to be used to foe full, and 
and enquiries with a central many users may not have foe 

office computer. Journalists lime or inclination to acquire 
were able to file copy on them. that sort of knowledge. 

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New Acorn 
on narrow 

By Matthew May 
Acorn Compmcrs together with 
the educational arm of the BBC 
has announced a new version of 
the BBC micro, which with a 
variety of extras can be turned 
into one of five different 

The basic computer is the 
Master 128 which comes with 
built-in wordproccssing and 
financial software. Priced at 
£499. ihp same as the. old 128 

micro, il «*flec lively replaces the 
current BBC micros. It is 
expected to be compatible with 
about four-fifths of the existing 
programs for the BBC. 

T'nc main model in the series 
ia the Master 512 with half a 
megabyte of memory, the Gem 
picture-based operating system 
and wordproccssing and paint- 
ing programs. 

The chief suprisc at last 
week's launch was the price. 
£1.000. which docs not include 
any of the virtually obligatory- 
additions of monitor, disc drive 
or printer. The other three 
versions available arc the 
Master Turbo which speeds up 
the 128 for an extra £9U. the 
Master ET which is a network- 
ing terminal at £348 and the 
Master Scientific- 

With a likely price for a 
proper computer system at 
more than £1.500 the Master 
512 compares poorly as a 

The new version of the BBC micro, from £499 

possibility in the small business 
market, an area in which the 
original BBC made some 
inroads. Complete business 
micro systems arc increasingly- 
becoming available for less than 
£1.000. making the Master 
5I2's partial IBM compatibility, 
achieved through the use of the 
MS-DOS operating system, 
largely irrelevant except, per- 
haps. for some educational 
dcr^^id for business software. 

Acorn's pricing shows dearly 
that it is gambling ihai ihc 
recognized technical strengths 
and expansion possibilities of 
the BBC micros will keep its 
appeal in iis traditionally strong 
markets of education and ihc 
serious computer enthusiast. 

ft is clearly too expensive as a 
general home or games com- 
puter and uncompetitive in the 
business areas. 

Brian Long. Acorn's manag- 
ing director, admitted: “It's 
really aimed at people who 

liked the BBC ... we are not 
banging on IBM or anybody." 

But ihc idea that the edu- 
cation market is nol as price- 

sensitive as home or business 
may well change as it becomes 

increasingly clear that other 

brands of micro with similar 
facilities arc far cheaper. Acorn 
has now provided a limited 
com pa lability with business 
programs using the IBM stan- 
dard. following the argument 
ihai schoolchildren need to 
learn about popular business 
programs that will be common 
in the offices oftomorrow. 

One more optimistic note is 
that the new computers have a 
redesigned internal circuitry 
that reduces the number of 
chips required making the 
machine easier to produce and 
profit margins larger. 

And as Brian Long is 
reported to have said at a recent 
lunch, “this year can hardly be 
worse than last". 

New year nerves in the micro 

The microcomputer market in Britain 
and the rest of the world is still a little 
nervous. Despite the publicity given to 
the new models before their unveiling 
last week, the BBC and the Apple 
machines, were but enhancements to 
existing models. 

Manufacturers in the wake of a. 
frightening year are being cautious and 
are malting every' attempt to consoli- 
date their business and their designs. 
The effects of the year toucacd all 
sectors in the microcomputer business, 
and everyone from Sinclair to Apple 
felt the cold. 

Bat there is still a mood of optimism 
and manv manufacturers appear at the 
NEC in Birmingham this week 
convinced that 1986 will prove better. ' 
There has. however, been a substantial 
change in the attitude and the 
ambitions of the manufacturers. The 
predictions of the early pioneers in the 
microcomputer market at the beginning - 
of the 1980s were confident. The ■ 
companies claimed they could double 
their size every year and by 1984 many 
were predicting that an exponential 
growth pattern was feasible. The halt to 
that growth pattern frightened many of 
the manufacturers, causing them 
substantial fina ncial problems last year. 
The ambitions of these manufacturers 
are now modest. Even Apple, credited 
as the creator of the personal 
microcomputer market, will be content 
this year to consolidate its business and 
achieve a 10 per cent growth over the 

In the latest issue of ECE business 
magazine, a supplement focuses on the 
growth of the microcomputer market. 
The study has concluded: “It'has been 
the year’ of sharply lowered expec- 
tations. It was naive to expect the 

By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

years to last It couldn't, and didn't, 
and by mid-year dozens of manufac- 
turers' were sitting with huge inven- 
tories which have still not been 

The study emphasized that the sale 
of home computers was particularly 
badly hit last year, and that is why the 
microcomputer manufacturers have 
been chasing the business sector of the 
maritet. Even at the lower end of the 
price range, manufacturers are trying to 
upgrade their machines to make them 
attractive to the small business user. 

In so doing the manufacturer and his 
products are also distant from, and 
becomes less reliant on, the vacillations 
of the- electronics consumer maritet. 
National advertising applauded the 
arrival- of the "BBC Micro Scries" last 

Consolidation is the key word in the 
microcomputer market. The market 
has taken, on the profile of the car 

industry. where manufacturers are 

forced by the pace of o te Pl , " 0 ^fJ kC L 
create new disigns. The British maraet, 
now acknowledged by all 
turers and suppliers as the most 
competitve in the world, dictates that 
the consumer, whether a business or 
domestic user, is demanding more tor 
his money. 

Manufacturers this year will be 
forced to launch in grand styje even the 
most modest enhancement to their 
machines to keep market attention on 
iheir product. Revolutionary designs 
are unlikely to be unveiled. 

There is however optimislism. The 
ECE study on Britain's micro market is 
bullish. It concludes: “There are signs 
that both stockbrokers and the industry 
arc looking forward to 198b with 
greater optimism and more realistic 
expectations- There's still a vast market 
to " be tapped among both large 
corporations and small medium-sized 

"Romtec (market analysts) has 
projected sales both by volume and 
value for the rest of the decade. Or 
. partucular • interest is the fact that 
although volume growth may nave 
increased 20 per cent this year, fatting 
unit value has meant that the total 


Growth Average 





. Value 


























Source: Romtec 










20 % 












spending on computer systems has on!- 
grown by 14 per cent. 

"Romtec believes that although ih c 
growth in unit sales will fall off siiiUni 
to IS per cent next year, the cost of if,,, 
average svsiem sold will stabilize a i 
£2.900. This implies that Briii in 
companies will spend an extra 20 ry r 
cent on computer equipment next vca r 
a greater increase than can be expeu-d 
in anv subsequent year." 

But the business sector is where tlir 
growth is to be. It is also the area m 
which manufacturers will increasing!} 
find themselves brought into direct 
confrontation with IBM- Apple did nut 

seek it last year but found itself faced 
with a price war in the United Slat-s 
with IBM microcomputers. 

The ECE report highlighted ifo 
growth potential. It sa>s: "Britain, 
despite its relatively weak economy 
buys more computers than any oth-;- 

European country . . . 

“Government programmes have alvt 
played their part: computers. in 
education, grams to sum-up com- 
panies. the micros for CPs scheme, and 

But the squeeze could be on th» 
British manufacturers, designers and 
even suppliers who find themselves 
having to cope with the marketing arms 

of multinationals and find it difficult to 
compete with the market leaders or the 
micro market. 

“Government investment in IT has 
been reduced this year, however, and 
one immediate consequence has been 
reduced proportion of UK manufac- 
turers in the computer marketplace" 
says the ECE study. 

There is caution in the microcom- 
puter market and one that is mot 
misplaced. But there is also an air of 4 

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Brittan backs drive 
for fairer deals 

By Kevan Pearson 

Leon Brittan, the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
last week had some strong 
words for leading computer 
manufacturers about their lack 
of flexibility. He especially 
criticized IBM, the world's 
largest computer company, even 
though he did not name them. 

He also criticized the users of 
computers for sticking rigidly to 
historical purchasing decisions 
and allowing them to dictate 
current decisions. “In such an 
environment the user is effec- 
tively facing a monopoly. The 
temptation always to go for the 
giant supplier becomes irresist- 
ible." he said. Mr Brittan was 
speaking at the opening of a £34 
million research development 
facility for Digital Equipment, 
the industry's second largest 
computer supplier. 

DEC is one of several major 
computer manufacturers back- 
ing Open Systems Interconnec- 
tion (OSI) aimed at developing 

easier communication bemeen 
computers from different manu- 
facturers. Mr Brittan said: 
“OSI fosters competition." 

In the past individual com- 
puter manufacturers have built 
their own systems to proprietary 
standards. thus making it 
difficult to link the com paters of 
different manufactures into a 
single computer network. OSI 
aims to make all computers 
conform to oue standard fur 

Most of the major computer 
suppliers arc backing OSI. An 
IBM spokesman said: “IBM 
announced several products that 
would allow its own systems :» 
be linked to OSI based sys- 

And Caspar K&ssani. presi- 
dent of IBM Europe, has 
repeatedly stressed that IBM 
will support OSI. Nevertheless, 
many other companies remain 
sceptical about IBM's commit- 

Computer security 
still lags behind 

By Russell Jones 

The fraudulent misuse of 
computers is now a major 
criminal activity. Scare stories 
about teenage hackers and 
anecdotal evidence about sup- 
posed frauds within major 
financial institutions have be- 
come commonplace. They are 
now backed by disturbing 

•The FBI estimates that no 
more than one out of every 
22.000 computer criminals goes 
to prison. 

•The Stanford Research Insti- 
tute in California calculates that 
an average computer crime 
costs a major company 
£425.000. a bank £132,000 and 
a public authority £220,000. 
•Security experts at Honeywell 
estimate that criminal proceed- 
ings are only instigated in less 
than one per cent of ail 
computer-related crimes. 

You might think that com- 
puter systems' security, there- 
fore would be uppermost in the 
minds of board-level manage- 
ment. Not so. One senior 
security adviser in the data 
processing department of a top 
UK financial organization said: 
“Most senior management staff 
haven't got the first clue as to 
scale of the security risks they 
are running. 

"They look upon systems as a 
purely technical mailer. Conse- 
quently. they leave consider- 
ation of all computer-related 
security matters to the so-called 
■technical experts’ in the com- 
puter department. 

“But it's really not a matter 
which is the exclusive province 
of programmers or DP security 
specialists. Protection against 
large scale, computer-based 
crime ought to be an auditing 
and company-wide function. 
Sadly, at the moment ii is all 
too often palmed off on the 
computer department, simply 
because that’s where the instru- 
ment of greatest risk - the 
computer - physically resides". 

On the other side of the legal 
fence is John Gregg, serving 
time in a US penitentiary, 
having defrauded several US 
banks. He wrote an article for 
the Computer Fraud And 
Security Bulletin in which he 

“Criminals believe that, 
through ignorance, bad ad. ice 
or lack of concern, certain 
businessmen refuse to even 
minimally protect themsebc* 
or even to protect their image as 
prudent businessmen. Crimi- 
nals realize and exploit the fact 
that these businessmen would 
rather insure their potential 
losses from crime than install 
proper security procedures and 
systems that will make com- 
puter crimes impossible in 
commit in the first place.” 

John Gregg's article is largely 
concerned with the possibility 
of using computers to commit 
fiscal fraud. But there arc also 
other less publicized breaches of 
computer-based security - per- 
sonnel information is sold and 
traded, budget and fiscal data is 
made available to competitors, 
and countless instances of 
confidentiality violation hap- 

Such actions can of course be 
just as damaging as straight for; 
ward fraud. The "temporary " 
theft of. for example, three or 
four computer tapes - contain- 
ing perhaps marketing plans, or 
budget information, or cash 
(low details - can be potentially 
for more devastating to an 
organization than mere fiscal 

The security expert said: “In 
extreme cases computer hacking 
really falls within the realms ol 
industrial espionage. Now what 
one might term "traditional" 
industrial espionage - the 
proverbial miniature camera 
used during the equally prov- 
erbial midnight break-in - is 
something most managing 
directors arc fully conscious of. 

“Any failure, for example, to 
secure and to prevent access to 
sensitive paper files would 
immediately be stamped on. 
Yet the same degree of concern 
simply does nol attach to the 
security of data held 
computer-based media." 

All the evidence seems to 
suggest that computer security 
is still only a matter of token 
concern within many organiza- 
tions. There is still a long road 
to be followed before it com« 
to be taken seriously. 














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The multi-million 
advice industry 

By Frank Brown 

Record trading figures just Hoskyns lakes on these 
announced by the Hoskyns problems, works out solutions 
Computer Group higlight the in conjunction with client 
adage that where there's muck, management, aiuf supervises 
there s money. The “muck", so the procurement and ini- 
far as Hoskyns is concerned, is plementation. inf information 
managing technological change. • systems tailored to the client's 
The company has made a new structure. 

i£^S'5£3S3 Solutions^ generally gave * 
rhancn ^ enls considerable money in 

35 E 3 «W 

computer services industry. 
Sales have doubled over the 

over the next five years. 

software business. Its main 

Allied with facilities manage- product, MAS (Management 
ment is a service called Application Systems), 

Crossroads;- aimed at com- prompted Martin Marietta; the 
panies which have reached a US Aerospace and Computer 
watershed in either their corpor- Services Company, to buy the 

ate or data processing. 

Business strategies such as 

group a few years ago. 
Expenditure on packaged 

consolidation, decentralization, software is increasing at an 
acquisition and divestiture annual growth rate of more than 
drastically effect information 30 per cent and by 1989 will 
processing requirements and represent oyer half the total DP 
the loaning of hardware and spent on software and services 
software. in western. Europe. 

Cheaper than ever to 
get into the picture 

• By Geof Wheelwright 

Pictures may well be able to ings - slides, charts and 
speak a thousand words - but illustrations - can also now be 
until recently it has been far developed using such equip* 
more expensive to produce the ment, thus freeing many busi- 
former than the latter on a nesses from the need to employ 
computer. special business graphic design- 

The development of high- ers. 
speed, powerful business micro- A variety of “output devices'’ 
computers, however, is changing are also available for displaying 
all that Desktop micros can such graphics,, including colour 
now handle the complicated printers, machines which trans- 
computer-aided design (CAD) fer computer images to 35mm 
tasks previously possible only slides and video projection units 
on mini and mainframe com- which you use to project 
puters, and they also have the computer images on to a huge 
ability to produce everything screen. 

from business letterheads to The animation abilities of 
complex cartoon-quality ani- computers such as Commo- 
mation. dore’s new Amiga machine are 

New CAD software - com- unparalleled. Instead of haring 
bined with special graphics and to buy dedicated computer 
computer memory add-ons - amimation machinery for much 
now allows machines such as of the “pencQ-testhog” oper- 
IBM's AT business computer to ations required in the pre-pro- 
be used for designing cars, duct ion stages of animated film 
bouses, factories and mannfac- development, film companies 
mred products. The real chat- can now use machines such as 
lenge now for microcomputer- the Amiga to “storyboard” and 
bawd CAD software is getting it do rough animation tests of their 
to work properly with mannfac- work. 

luring equipment and computer- The ability to offer a n i mati on 
aided manufacturing (CAM) in computer graphics also 
systems. increases the market's potential 

' Advancements in “interfac- for providing simulations. 
mg*\ the connecting of com- Computers are now used, for 
puters to other devices, have, example, as a means of generat- 
however, made possible a wide ing pictures that simulate the 
range of such CAD/CAM view, and instrumentation, in an 
applications in Industry, and airplane's cockpit, and are thus 
many more are expected in the used in the training of pilots, 
next few years. Simulation software has also 

Even businesses can been developed for car drivers 

benefit from the graphics and even sailors, although much 
abilities of personal computers, of it currently sells into the 
High-quality presentation gra- entertainment software market, 
pbics - pie charts, bar charts - These breakthroughs have 
can now be generated by been made possible by the 
piorhing* and software which tremendous decline in prices for 
together cost no more than a few computer memory chips, high- 
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- 4 ' 

J lj- J «7- 

E -Sgc £ ra,e of “he UK werc 

being amalgamated. 

Another revenue earner tar 

past two years, says the group's group is computer -edu- 
m an aging director, Geoff Un- particularly m the 

w j n . United States where the group 

Much of the revenues come I 1 * 5 . *. Dumt *r , ®? I n *2 cts ’ 
from facilities management, or ^eluding one with Mobil Oil. 
FM, industry jargon for running ® rou P s training services 

the computer installations of teach management rather than 
leading companies on a sub- technical • skills, 
contract basis, including a Allied with its change-man- 
piooeering public sector con- agernent and its management 
tract with British Shipbuilders training activities, Hoskyns has 
worth more than £12 million also built up management 

The light of a lazydmvMBiber 
afternoon filtered tfirough the 
french windows of the cabinet, 
room in No 10 Downing Street. 

A technological committee of 
ministers, with the*' P rim e 
Minister in the chair, had just 
finished .its work. The sec- 
retaries of the committee, of 
which I was .one, dosed their 
notebooks 'and stood up to wait 
deferentially, far the Prime 
Minister to leave the room with 
his colleagues before hurrying 
back to their desks in 'the 
Cabinet Office next door. 

As a soldier turned tempor- 
ary civil servant, I was an 
apprentice in my new trade of 
writing Cabinet committe 
minutes and had my work cut 
out to help complete them 
wi thin the unbending Cabinet 
Office deadline of 48’hours; 1 

I was not in the same league 
as secretaries to the Cabinet, 
one of "whom I once saw- at 
work. He summoned his own 
secretary and then, with Hardly 
a break in his dictation, he 
disentangled - complex issues, 
sorted 'and sieved facts, gave the 
necessary weight to a key 
statement and delivered his 
conclusions and recommen- 

One .day when . I had a 
moment to spare, I conducted a 
private research into the num- 
ber of pairs of hands through 
which all our minutes passed, 
swiftly and surely, from the 
Cabinet Office to all recipients. 

I reached, the sobering discpvery 
that the tally was, on average, 

By their nature, biireauc- 



' *& 


' practices at Rib; 1 0'. ^ , : 

revolution to come in Dbvmiug Sti^t 

• Major General .Leslie - . de 
Malapert -Th nillier. contributes 
the first of tiro articles in which 
he looks at the impact of new 
methods on No 10., Downing 
Street. He was Assistant "Sec- 
retary in the Cabinet Office 
1958-67: ' 

rariej are slpjy. tq. adopt new 
practices.. Ji should come as no - 
surprise that the Whitehall 
bureaucratic machine is trailing 
behind the scientific, edu- 
cational and .business com-, 
muni ties in the' introduction of 
technical innovations. Never- 
theless. a few wary steps have 
been taken, notably by the. 
Cabinet Office £nd the Foreign 
and Commonwealth Office, 
towards the introduction of new 
contrivances, such as the word 
processor.' - 

The small microcomputer 
inside this marvel of the 
computer age, cannot- fail to 

help the Cabinet, Office' in its 
major .task of preparing and 
circulating the minutes of all 
: committee meetings. 

If wpid processors, intercon- 
nected by electronic mail - now 
known universally as e-mail - 
were soon to be in general use, I 
cab " see my secretarial suc- 
. cessors completing their tasks in 
. less, than one tenth of the time 
. . once allowed to me. 

-. There is another advantage. 
.The partnership of word pro- 
cessor and e-mail almost elim- 
inate. the need for paper. 
Minutes can "be . transmitted 
between word, processors- at the 
speed of tight Yet again, the 
-word processor has the stalling 
ability, to -memorize and-, store 
on its latest hard disk not only 
.the minutes of all committee 
meetings, -but the contents of 
memoranda, books, -and even 
encyclopedias. Tosbow ihjs, let 
me lake one example. 

The minutes of a Cabinet 
meeting were . first taken on - 
December 9,191 6. Since then 
there have been * upwards of 
7,000 meetings. -The minutes of 
- all these, lovingly bound in hard 
covers: occupy about 100 yards 
of shelf space. They could be 
stored on the single hard disk 
and: -still leave room for another 
„ 7,000 meetings and more, 

So-it is -easy to grasp that the 
contents of secretarial filing 
cabinets, safes and the flotsam 

and jetsam thai-pursues- every 

'-Cabinet Qffifce socrebuycan be. 
painlessly- commits^ to*.* hard' 
■disk. The '.fidl- potential ; erf ‘-a - ; 
word processor- can then be - 
realised. : A -Cabinet OfEjee- 
' secretary will then have, within 
reach of his long arm, every, 
thing he needs to do his job 

That is not all. Modern 
telecommunications allow word 
processors to be interconnected 
world-wide. If there is no bar to 
the distances between word 
processors, then other horizons 
beckon foT the Cabinet Office. A 
bold secretary can ask for his 
word processor to be lodged in a 
room in his home. So a latter 
day secretary to the Cabinet 
might be seen one day, briefcase 
in hand, hurrying away from a 
meeting of the Cabinet to catch 
a train or a bus fo his home. 

There he- will settle 'down in 
front of a word processor to 
complete the Cabinet minutes 
in a couple of hours and 
distribute them directly, via e- 
mail, to ministers, and. only, two 
hands will be needed for that 
task.' Is that a fanciful picture? 
Surely not. The word processor 
is a proven secretarial looL 

Where the Cabinet Office 
leads, other departments must 
follow. In such an exodus from 
the centre to the circumference 
there yrill be problems, none 
more important than -the 
‘redeployment- of '. the civil 

servants made rddttrk&Ett.ahd 
to a lesser -degfw. ifij& n ee d .for 
those who are -iefttio- be - able to 
type. Indeed the aristocracy^ of 
'OKi/CiviL Service -wfit find the 
.'prbspect -so tempting that ' the 
problems will have to be solved. 
So civil servants will exchange 
the treadmill of their offices m 
Whitehall for the tranquillity of 
their homes. 

The sweat shop will give way 
to the sweat shirt, the elegant 
pin-striped suit to the crumpled 
jeans and shoes to plimsoll 

A study of the civil servant of 
the future will reveal a man or 
woman sitting in slippered ease 
and in place of a secretary, a 
wife - or a husband - placing a 
cup of tea to one side of the 
screen of the word processor. 

As an inducement to join the 
Civil Service this tableau could 
not be more enticing. But die 
computer scientists have a trick 
or two up their sleeves which 
might stiU play havoc with that 
tempting composition. 

For at this very moment, and 
perhaps unknown to civil 
servants, these computer scien- 
tists are labouring to perfect the 
computer, christened by them 
as the fifth generation com- 
puter. They are experimenting 
with devices that shrink below 
the size of the silicon chip in the 
micro-computer of the word 
processor. They are even toying 

with one concept, 

others* that it migbt be feasible 

to harness molecules to act as 

memory stores for bits ol 


- If anything comes of this 
advanced research, it is on the 
cards that an even smaller 
computer will eme rge, capable 
of holding an astronomical 
amount of information and able 
to perform a billion compu- 
tations' every second. While this 
research has been taking place, 
man y computer scientists, 
authors of books on computers 
and others who are active oo 
the frontiers of this new 
technology, have been fostering 
a strange conceit. 

They have been asserting that 
this new fifth generation com- 
puter will be able to think and 
will be intelligent. And if that is 
not enough a recognized world 
authority on computers. Sir 
diva Sinclair, made an elec- 
trifying statement on television, 
a statement that many will 
scarcely credit. 

Straightfaced, he told his 
in te viewer. Bernard Levin, that 
the only difference between the 
brain of this new computer and 
ours was that ours had a soul 
while that of the computer had 


Faced with this new challenge 
it is difficult to predict how 
many civil servants will be 
basking in their new working 
practices in front of their word 
processors by the turn of the 
century. The speed of change in 
a technological world is beyond 
my reckoning. 

To be concluded 


• ‘"i. ? 




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Prestel I A new price war about to 

into the 

By Matthew May 
Last October Prestel, British 
Telecom's public viewdata 
service, announced it had begun 
10 make a profit in its day-to- 
day operations for the first time 
in its six-year existence. Only 
two years ago it was being 
suggested that Prestel could 
never succeed and should be 
shut down _ as an expensive 

With an increase of more 
than 40 per cent in subscrip- 
tions over the last year to 
63.000 and a hefty growth in the 
number of Prestel sets in homes 
rather than offices - now about 
43 per cent of total subscrip- 
tions - British Telecom hopes 
there will be enough businesses 
willing to take the long-term 
gamble that offering electronic 
services to home users via 
Prestel will eventually produce 
sufficient customers to make 
them cost-effective: 

The latest company to join 
this band is Telecard Holdings, 
which recently raised £600,000 
in an over-the-counter flotation 
to set up a 24-hour electronic 
supermarket The system, in 
association with the food and 
wine retailers, Lalani Foods, 
lets Prestel users order by TV 
set food and groceries, from ; 
about 3,300 items, which are 
delivered the same or next day. . 

Initially the service will be ; 
available only to existing Prestel : 
subscribers in five London 
boroughs - Westminster, Ken- 
singto n-Che lsea, Hammer- 
smith-Fulham, Wandsworth | 

Users can do 
weekly shopping 

and Camden - an area with 
about 8,000 Prestel users, 
although many of these mil be 
in businesses and employers 
may not take kindly to the idea 
that staff could key in their 
weekly shopping requirements 
using the office terminals. 

Orders over £35 are delivered 
free but the biggest expense, 
when customers that are not 
already Prestel users join the 
system, wiD be tire adaptor 
needed to link your TV set and 
telephone to the Prestel net- 
work. Telecard plans to offer an 
adaptor with a year's subscrip- 
tion to Prestel fbr£126. 

Ever since Prestel dropped its 
computer-connection charge 
outside business hours, it- has 
become more attractive to 
home users. Though Prestel 
managed to achieve a slow 
success among the business 
community with -its specialist 1 
services for areas such as the 
travel trade and financial sector, 
pioneering users of Prestel at 
home were shocked to find that 
a heavy use of the system could 
result in monthly bills for 
connection of £20 to £30. 

Little surprise then that 
Prestel was heavily shunned in 
Britain. The alternative teletext 
systems, Ceefax and Oracle, 
broadcast systems which have 
no further charges after the 
inital cost of a television set 
with a teletext adaptor, did, 
however, prove popular and. 
nearly three million households 
now have a teletext set. 

But teletext is not inter-active 
and cannot offer the sort of 
teleshopping and home-banking 
services available on Prestel as 
its information flow can only be 
one-way. Some electronic 
services have tried to find ways 
around the need to persuade 
potential home customers to 
invest more than £100 in the 
equipment needed to connect to 

The Nottingham Building 
Society, for example, which 
runs a home-banking service, 
Horn clink, charges only a 
no minal rent for connection 
equipment to customers with a 
minumum of £1,000 deposited 
u-hh it and provides the service 
free for those with larger 

Homelink itself though high- 
ly innovative, wisely requires 
users to go through several 
levels of security passwords 

■ The market for micros that are 
expensive for frame computers yet 
not ft* business machines is 
showing signs of Imminent and 
fierce pita competition. 

Atari, manufacturer of the £750 520 
ST, has announced a 1 megabyte 
version -the 1040 ST -with twice 
the memory of the 520. But at a 
price of $900 ffiSOS) for the mono 

version and $1 ,200 (£807) for the 
colour option it foflows thatthe 
price of the S20ST will have to be 

property avaflabtein the UK for only 
a few months. 

American reports prwfct that the 
K0ST wfl! be reduced to around 
$400 in the US and that a $300 . 
cutdown version wiQ be made 
available without a monitor or 
software for use with television 

Hi-tech doubts 

■ There is little comfort to be 

■iwini - •• • 

v -.-> ■ rj 

K' r 1 f 

privatization andthesepawdon v 
from the Post Office. Local 
Customer Sendees, one of BT^ 
four (fivisforra is befog Mtupaga 
separate profit centre. Each of 30 

new areas Is required by Oftaito 

submit accounting data to prov© 

& there is to cross a^Sarbon, and 
there ls"a final dekfneof 
for these requirBfhBriteto bftmBt ' 

TlT-i* I 1 1 |:I* | . M i. : 

... prospects for this year from 
Business Week's 1886 industry 
outlook. "Customers who bought 
truckloads ot computers a lew 
years ago are stra digesting them” 
says the American magazine, 
predicting that 1 986 ww be another 
year of cost-cutting and 

But the complexities of modem IFfe 
could help stimulate demand, the 
magazine also points out that US 
superstores are becoming so large 
customers cannot find what they 
are looking for. Tin hi-tech solution 
for one store In Massachusetts is 
to provide touch-screen computers 
that wffl display a map with flashing 
trails to a particular Item. 

Drug aid 

■ A compilation cassette of 
Home-computer games with the 

• €* 

Business excecutfves who do not use personal 
“are mostly conservative and would probably feel quite 
inhibited about using a personal computer in a puMK place 
Sony's business computes 1 manager, Alan West, said at me 
launch of the company’s first venture into business uHcros^a 
13 lb portable. This conservatism, said Mr West, was why 
Sony was not following the conventional wisdom trai 
computers small enough to fit into a briefcase should be 
battery-powered so busy excecntives could use them on the 
move. The SMC 210 micro is IBM-compatible, has two 
3%in disc drives, 640K of memory and should have 25v 
software titles available for it when it goes on sale m me 
spring. Price will be around £2200 

. BT attributes the delay lb the - 
enormous task of frarsfertim . ^ 
manual data on tocprnputBrflta- 
with many BT staff Inwwedifian 
anomKJUsretratafogawretee front, 
the I CL mafofremes Wfth which they 
amfamffiar. ?. .. v 

IBM’s $6bn 

iDIon when itpiASshes tin respite 
naxtweek. : - ^ • . 

Ttanovar Is expectedto be around 
$49 bffion - a rise of aboute par 
cent compared wttii 1984.’ 


m tn last week’s Computer 

had dosed two home computer 
magazines, Computtog Age and. Qt 
User, in fact the OL Usartitie has . 
been sold to Focus Invostriwnte' . 
and wffl be merged Wflh tts OL - 
IVork/magarine from February. 

Band Aid's famine reCet opwation 

In Ethiopia- 

Off the Hook, which wffl cost £6.99, 

Owners and give advice for a^ flat- 
rate fee of £5.40 has been started 

abuse is to go on sale bi March. 
Several of tna software companies 
involved were also associated with 
last year's Soft Aid tape, which 
raised more than £320,000 for 

Michael Hart is to take ova: as 
the managing director of Nix- 
dorf hi the UK aftes. the 
appointment of the previous 
■wnifat director, Herman 
Valle, tO manag e Nixdorf’S 
north European region- Mr 
Hart, who was previously 
manage r of the finance division, 
has been with the company for 

Firebird, Gremlin Graphics, 
Melbourne House, Ocean and US 

About £5 from each copy sold will 
be donated to Prince Charles's 
Prince's Trust for use in druo- 
rehabilltation centres and publicity 
warning erf the dangers of drug 

Fraud scare 

g Nearly a third of British 
companies believe that their 
computers are vulnerable to 
computer fraud, according to a 
survey by accountants Ernst and 
WUnney. Six per cent of the 400 
companies responding said they 
fear computer crime could result In 
their going bankrupt and a quarter 
admit to the possfofflty of suffering 
serious financial loss. 

The report. Attitudes of Companies 
in Britain to Fraud, pointed out that 
though many companies have 
taken measures to. combat 
potential computer crime, most . 
admit that controls need to be . 
tightened further. One in six firms 
reported that they had not taken . 
ffliy action to prevent fraud! 

Young enterprise 

| A service to answer the 
problems of home-computer 

-Adrian Mars am a group of friends 
tt wffl advtee on choosing a home •• 
computer; peripherals and 
software or help solve technical 
problems. . .. 
initial diagnosis can be by 
questionnaire or up to l 5 minutes’ 
advice on the phone. Mfr Mars, who 
says his service must be the • 
cheapest, imbiased consultancy 
available, can be contacte d th n wgh 
Prestel or Telecom Gctd itiaUbaxes 
and on 01 -794 4442. - • . . \ 

Delays for BT 

■ British Telecom is suffering 
repeated delays to a .crudal . 
computer development project 
intended tomeet accounting 
requirements tafd down In tne 1981 

The most recent deadDneifor the 
first trial site, based at Reading, 
going live was DeoemberS but trite 
was not met, and the trial has been 
put back for theflfth time. 

The customer services project 
consbtsofasetof30[ntenfoked . 
systsms based on IBM mainframe 
computers-and Intended tocover 
all Bra regional computer 
requirements. It includes business 
systems ranging from accounting - 
and stock control to dealfng with . ' 
individual customer Inquiries. 

The development of the system is 


I’m afraid of being sold a 
lemon 1 ’ 

UK events 

WMcb Computer? Show, National 
Exhibition Centre, Binrtnaham, 
today until Ttkesday. (01-891 8471) 

Videotex User Show, Barbican 
Centre London, January 29-31 (Dir 

Cadpro SB^Novotel, Hammersmith, 
London W6; February 25-27. (01- 

Dexpo Europe 86, Olympia 2, 
- Condon, March 4-6 (01-403 1473) 

Atari Computer. Show, Ndvotet. 
Hammerermth.- Londori we March 

Info 86, Otyrrmia, London, March 

Contfnddore Show, Novotel, 
Hammersmith, London W8, May 9- 

before money can be transferred 
but this has the result that many 
users have commented that h is 
easier and cheaper to write an 
ordinary cheque and post it. 

What has affected the home 
use of Prestel most has been the 
advent of Micronet 800. a 
service run by Telemap and 
PresieL which is aimed at 
home-computer owners. With a 
mixture of computer news, 
review’s and software that can 
be sent down the telephone line, 
Micronet is claiming 20,000 
subscribers, nearly one in three 
of all Prestel users and is gamely 
trying all the options, ranging 
from a fledgling database, on 
family finance to a complex 
space game that now has 200 
players but can handle 500 and 
Chatline, an electronic-mail 
version of Citizen’s Band radio. 
Unfortunately, like the iB-froed 
CB, it is foil of the banal and 

Micronet succesfolly gambled 
that it would be home-computer 
owners who would take the; 
most easily to electronic com- 
munications in the home. So for 
the seed for home banking and 
electronic shopping from the 
comfort of an annehter-has- yet 
to be proved. 

number one 


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Be wary when you buy training 

‘ •V. JV '.O 

By David Guest 
The past two years have seen 
the development of a remark- 
able paradox m microcomput- 
ing: while hardware and soft- 
ware have (if their suppliers are 
to be believed) become gradu- 
ally easier to use, the amount of 
attention paid to training has 
risen steeply. 

Most of tbe best-idling 
packages are now the subject of 
regular training courses offered 
by their publishers, by their 
publishers’ accredited agents, or 
by independent training organi- 
zations. Some programs can be 
studied at different levels .-' 
introductory and advanced 
courses, for example. 

In general, the purpose is to 
show the user bow to make the 
most of his purchase. This is a 
laudable aim. But does it cast 
doubt on the manufacturers* 
persistent professions of user- 
friendliness? Is their pride in die. 

lucidity of their manuals on- 

These are i m port an t ques- 
tions. given the price of 
professional tuition: Training' 
has long been an adjunct of tire 
computer business -and it has 
traditionally been expensive. 
Applied to h ardware and 
software on a micro. scale, the 
prioe has not diminish^! corres- 
pondingly. '• 

The questions relazing to 
training depend largely on. what 
users want to do with -their 
computer systems. The well- 
advised user; will have precise 
ideas of the job to be performed 
before he -spends- anything on 
hardware and s oft w are . 

But when 'the preparation has 
been less rigorous, the style of 
the program and the quality of 
the manual wiH come into play. 
It man be ■» said that modem 
programs are, in foe wiam, far 

easier to use than some of foe 
cryptic creations of yesteryear. 

However, modern software 
has also increased in sophisti- 
cation. Ashton-Tatc’s dBase 
line, for example, can be 
perfectly adequate data hand- 
ling suites but they can also be 
program generators. Lotus* 
Symphony, consisting of several 
programs .in one, includes a 
command language to allow 
users to extend it still further. 
This is where the idea of taking 
firfi advantage of a product 
becomes significant. 

. The need for training is 
genuine, even in those instances 
where manufa ct u rers* boasts of 
clarity are not overstated. But 
users should be wary; training 
can be a costly means of gaming 
confidence. ' 

Just as the software that costs 
£300 or £400 should be value 
.for money, training that costs 
£100 or £200 ahoulobetoo. 

Wj \ am ii a ur* u k>] im iwfaRlia 

5? 01-837 1350 


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SoecMrfui oompMon quanta* tar anmma to m nouatty ractignusa ■ 
MCOBCS ortrt ta sm wtomai mreuiw h uii 

* VbaaheuM bo aged 25-38 with ■ mamu* af two Alavala w aqgmiMt 
. sanad rta jmmMmi itufto 

* H— pom trio commercial wpvrtaittia is laomrad 

■ *xwpttqe*ndtfit*wT*nw*maiw*Y pwonmaMeoWtuaieMMoaMhi 
with vwiManmiwimn tatuDCMd Hwutfrt hhw practical ttaomfl 

* WWitmMaiiiriwtMindoiuimiNsUcawmyeiBmBMaMaoroflrowm 
an*n • Simms Analyst 

For on atxnm cobtm rantng a im ana an m a JT5 unmn rOPS) 
■imnuaaitotjaowmca ToquaWy tor jratlOMirKmappRcanisinufiiMM 
bmo out erf UHm mucKkio fbr a panod at two ywra Mhousn Bih panod 

dom not haw » bo cokmcoUm 


£ 17«000 - £20,000 

Highly successful dty based service 
company specialising in information 
networking seek an individual to 
support the sales and marketing 
division in both a technical and 
administrative role. 

You will be 25+, have comprehen- 
sive experience of design and im- 
plementation of systems, ideally 
computer based. But most import- 
antfjt haye the ability to recognise 
your clients needs and communicate 
effectively, also able to work as part 
of a team. 

For more teforn uttion call 
Tania Lanyon 



Personnel Consultants 


CITY £15-£19K 

Touche Ross Is ona of the largest and most successful firms of 
Chartered Accountants and Manag e ment Coneuftants. 

We are looking for high calibre and articulate Senior Anatyct/Progremmere. 

Candidates should Hava experience of financial a pp licatio ns , gained within 
an IBM mainframe environment, based on a solid prog ram rang background 
(COBOL end ASSEMBLER). Some experience of ISPF would be a distinct 

We have an IBM mainframe running under VM/C MS and OS/VST . There is 
a specialist team working on the use of software based audit techniques. In 
particular, they make extensive use of software to read cSents* computer 
files: They are currently undertaking significant development work in this 
specialised area. 

Your role within this team wilt indude development, quality control and 
implementation of new software products plus enhancement to existing 
systems. You wifi also be involved in some programming. 

This is an extremely interesting rots in Information Technology. It blends 
technical chafiengewithahigh level of user contact It requires an enquiring 
and creative approach to solving users' problems. These poets offer 
excellent career prospects. 

If you think you can meet the challenge, ring Saumen Ray or rend him a C.V. 
quoting Rah NAA 2 re the address below. 

Touche Ross 

The Business Partners 

HiH House 1 Little New Street London EC4A 3TR Tet 01-353 8011 


‘ “ We are-ajrrentiy seeking an above-average computer professorial v/ith 

a broad range of proven skills to join a select team of International DP 
Security specialists. 

The foHawfr® attributes are essential: 
t^x • impeccable personal background 

] niernj • demonstrable technical skills ri aU areas of data 

WORLD-WIDE processing 

__ . • practical experience of financial syriems. preferably 

iKAVcL banking 

• abflity to communicate at all levels 

rvriQ nnn • wlllinpiess to travel extensively 

UX.lo,UUU • ability and discipline to work alone 

• motivation to complete tasks within permitted 

h addition, experience of computer auditing techniques 
will be an advantage, but is not essential. 

WBK International are recognised by many financial and industrial organisations to be the leading 
specialists in the field of computer security. 

This is an ideal opportunity for a talented individual to break into a very specialised area of DP, with 
excellent prospers for promotion within a successful and rapkfly growing organisation 
Please write, endosingfuH CV, to Vid Domeika, Senior DP Consultant; WBK International, 
37-39' Eastcheap, London EC3M IDT. 




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• As thc UKfc largest and one of its fastest growing firms of financial 
and . management consultants we know the importance of managing 
nifonnatioa Thatfc why at Coopers & Lyhrand weVe currently making a 
major investment in information systems. With a new IBM mainframe 
environment; linked via a sophisticated network to multiple PC 
workstations, a challenging opportunity now exists for a designer to apply 
new database technology. 

and planning our mformation systems, with responsibility for data analysis, 
business function modelling and database design. If you are currently 
workmgas a database designer or afirst rate database administrator there ate 
exdting opportimities, bringing the chance to design new databases using 
DB2 rather. than adapt existing systems. In your late twenties or early thirties 
yotfll be a graduate witha good degree in a relevant' subject and the analytical 

![g¥sT f *-• 

¥TtT («~ b ° Vf' tl 'i 

RjTR5«TffW5TPTX7»Tl ^ ■ s v t^wj\ 

Coopers & I 

Lyhrand, Bambergers House, 14B St Cross Street, London 




■ Tbadoertisein 

The Times or The Sunday Times 

please telephone 01 -837 3311 or 3333 


Officially opened by industry minister Leon 
Brittan on January 7th, DEC Park 2 is the £35 
mffion R&D centre for Digital Equipment Ca 
(DEC) in the UK. Here, more than 400 of the 
most innovative, engineers and technologists 
are dedicated to the development of DEC'S key 
future products. 

■ - - V-w-.--. 

.. ^u- 


iment utterly |L illlV ir^O of producing cus 
i which original |\/|||\|| appricatiQnsDftu 

aqed.Andin I V III MLJLJ detailed knowied 

Imagine an environment utterly Ii Alf 

free of arterial barriers. In which original |\/|l| 
thought is actively encouraged. And in I V III 

which ideas and experiences are freely 
exchanged between top professionals of all disciplines. 
This is DEC Park 2. 

Integrated Office Systems Group is one of the 
largest teams within DEC Park 2, committed to the 
development of multifunction office systems, working 
on such products as office in formation systems, and 
muitinode messaging, including text and voice and 
conforming to international standards. 


Accelerating growth creates immediate 

of producing customer publications for 
I application software products. Technicals 

lJLJ detailed knowledge of office information 
products and the ability to explain comple. 
issues simply and accurately will be essential. 
Experience of networking or developing application 
software would be an advantaga 

DEC welcomes open minds. Because we're 
continuing to grow rapidly, we're always eager to meet 
engineering professionals, whatever your level of 
experience, whether enquiring about a specific vacancy 
or checking how DEC could feature in your future 

V\Jq recognise the contribution of individuals in 
the most positive way — with attractive salaries, 
outstanding working conditions, comprehensive 

. _^ nn f n ff„ ■. ih-h UUKJUai lull IU WUI Ml IU UUI IUIWUI IO.UUI 1 ipi tw> — 

benefits and excellent prospects of promotiDn wrt^in 

least 5 years’ programming experience and Software 
Engineers w&h at least 3 years' experience, ideally, you 
wffl have experience of software production using C*. 
BLISS, Pascal or CORAL Familiarity ^ with VAX/VMS or 
office information systems and nelworidng software 
would be an advantaga 


V\fe also need Senior^ Tochmcal ■■■■h 

Writers with at least 5 years' experience H1E8H 

the technical sphere or in management 

If you're open to further discussions about a 
DEC career, send your c x to Loma Hirst.Digital 

our Engineering Managers on Friday 
17th or Monday 20th of January from 
4pm to 9pm. Telephone Reading 10734) 







Tottenham Hotspur's season 
ticket holders, who know the 
value or things as much as the 
price and are as particular about 
their centre forwards as about 
their tailor or dinner in town, 
are unhappy: as well they might 
be. Their team are nearer to 
relegation than they are to the 
League leadership and some of 
those centre forwards whom at 
times they complained about in 
the past - Archibald, Duncan, 
Chris Jones, and, before them 
Olivers - would be welcome at 
this moment. 

Peter Shreeve, the manager, 
is in difficulty because be has a 
multi-million pound squad - the 
Allens, Hod die, Ardiles, Chie- 
dozie and Waddle - yet does not 
have a team. The midfield, with 
Hod die and Ardiles, is insuf- 
ficient to hold together a suspect 
defence and an erratic attack, so 
that Nottingham Forest's 
comfortable victory at White 
Hart Lane on Saturday should 
be no surprise to the chair man, 
Irving Scholar, a financier to 
whom the League title is both as 
elusive and personally desirable 
as it is to Martin Edwards, of 
Manchester United. 

Winger reluctant to 
play on the wing 

With the public gallery 
baying for Shreeve's head, Mr 
Scholar has a test of nerve in 
standing by the manager he 
appointed and also the player 
whose expensive purchase he 
presumably approved, who lies 
at the heart of Tottenham's 
problem: Chris Waddle. 

Down the years Tottenham 
have always had good wingers - 
Cliff Jones, Jimmy Robertson, 
Jimmy Neighbour, Peter Taylor 
(briefly) and Tony Galvin. They 
all played with individual style 
but with a consistency which co- 
ordinated with their colleagues. 
Jones was a brilliant dribbler, 
yet do one was more direct. 

Waddle is a winger who most 
•of the time is reluctant to play 
on the wing, who puzzles his 
colleagues as much as the 
opposition and around whom it 
Ls almost impossible to build a 
consistent pattern of play. As 
often as not when receiving a 
hall he turns inside or even 

Tottenham, in my opinion, 
have not had pattern since the 
departure of Archibald and the 
relegation or Galvin. Though 
not spectacular, Galvin worked 
exceptionally well within a 
limited capacity, the way 
Heighway, of Liverpool, used to 
da, so that his colleagues knew 
where to find him and when and 
■ where to expect his crosses. 
John Robertson, who came on 
as substitute for Clough jun on 
Saturday, used to be the perfect 
example of a tactically valuable 

Gifted player who 
is a liability 

Scots countdown 
begins with 
Souness counting 
himself out 

Scotland's World Cup count* 
down could begin in Israel later 
this month without the captain. 
Graeme Souness. Yesterday, 
when the Scots announced 
a warm-up match against 
Romania at Hampden Park on 
March 26. Souness said; "It 
looks as if i am ruled out of the 
Israel game." 

Speaking from his home in 
Genoa, the Sampdoria midfield 
player said that his club were to 
play an Italian Cup tie on 
Wednesday. January 29, the day 
after Scotland meet Israel. 
Souness had hoped that he 
might be able (o return to 
Genoa immediately after the 
international but there is no 
scheduled flight until the fol- 
lowing morning. 

“If I had been able to get 
home the same evening and 
have a decent night's sleep 1 
could have persuaded the club 
to release me," he said. $»s 
things stand I don't think they 
will wear it. They have been 
great in the past in letting me go 
for games that countered but 
this is a friendly. 

“We are also the Italian Cup 
holders and if we beat our 
second division opponents, 
Vicenza, it would put us into 
the semi-finals. I will talk to my 
manager about the situation 
tomorrow, but it looks as if I am 
more or less ruled oul" 

Souness had hoped to play in 
f See 

Israel, the scene of Scotland’s 1- 
0 win in the qualifying compe- 
tition for the last World Cup, 
“It is an important four or five 
months for the squad and the 
more we are together the 
better," he said. 

The loss of the captain will 
come as a blow to the manager, 
Alex Ferguson, who is likely to 
provide Dalglish with the 
opportunity to win his 100th 
cap in the match against 

The Romanians go to Ham- 
pden as one of three countries 
who failed to qualify for 
Mexico. They drew twice with 
England in the qualifying 
campaign but, more signifi- 
cantly, lost twice to Northern 
Ireland, who ousted them by 
one point. 

Souness, who should be free 
to play against Romania, 
dismissed a report that he was 
about to join Fulham, possibly 
as player-manager. *Tve heard 
the story but I have not spoken 
to anyone at Fulham," he said. 
“I hope to move into football 
management eventually but at 
the moment the only thing in 
my mind is to complete my 
contract with Sampdoria, which 
runs until the end of next 

Ferguson based in a 
‘City of the Gods’ 

Tco thihuacan, Mexico (Reuter) - 
If Mexican legend holds true, 
Scotland's World Cup players may 
turn into gods just in time to win 
this year's trophy- 
The Scottish team will be in 
exalted company at their cactus- 

circled headquarters, nestling be- 

'orid’s ni 

neath two of the world's finest 
surviving pyramids at Teotihuacan 
- “City of the Gods”. Legend has it 
that men who came to live here, at 
least in Indian times before. 
Columbus discovered The Americas, 
were revitalized, became sexually 
pieni as never before, and often 
turned into gods. 

The Scots may not like to admit it 
but they are going to need 
inspiration little short of the 
supernatural if they are to qualify 
from the toughest World Cup group, 
which also includes West Germany, 
Uraguay and Denmark. 

Ernie Walker, the SFA secretary, 
has found the perfect hideaway for 
his squad in the red-walled Villa 
Arqueologica hotel in the shadow of 
the sun and moon pyramids built by 
the Teotihuacan Indian civilisation 
2.000 year ago. 

The hotel, surrounded by cactus 
plants and lazing donkeys, is also a 
bargain for the Scots - only £14 a 
night- Most teams will be paying at 
least double that figure. 

Run by a Tunisian-born French- 
man. Sylvain Hassan, the hotel. 

complete with swimming pool and 
French restaurant, is part of the 
dub Meditenanee chain. The Soots 
will take over all 40 rooms, giving 
them total privacy unless they stroll 
out to mingle with the hundreds of 
tourists who visit the pyramids 

The restaurant features expensive 
French delicacies but Hassan said 
he expects the Scots will order a 
simple daily menu, probably 
including such favourites as fish and 

“The West German team stayed 
here last summer during a friendly 
tournament,” he said. "One of the' 
players. Pierre Linbarski, fell ill 
with a stomach upset, but wer’e sure 
it wasn't from our food.” 

If the Scots are permitted any 
leisure time, they are almost certain 
to bead for a nearby bar and disco 
called Pyramid Charlie's, which 
bills itself as "world famous” and, 
somewhat tongue-in-cheek, lays 
claim to being on the ate of the 
world's first restaurant 10,000 years 

One problem for the Scots is that 
there is no football pitch or even Bat 
training ground nearby, unless they 
revert to their schooldays and put 
jackets down as goalposts along the 
“Avenue of the Dead" which links 
the two pyramids. So they wSH be 
forced to train in Mexico City, 45 
minutes away by coach. 

England to 


last word 
is firm ‘no’ 

Waddle, though often excit- 
ing, is simultaneously exasper- 
ating and promotes a lack of 
teamwork which ought ot be a 
warning for Bobby Robson, the 
England manager. In Mexico 
England will not be able to 
afford, any more than Spurs, the 
repeated unnecessary loss of 
possession in attack which 
places additional strain on the 
defence. With the technical 
limitations of Roberts and an 
ageing Perryman, Tottenham's 
defence at times cannot cope. 

Against Oxford Waddle had 
a brilliiant goal disallowed after 
beating four men but on another 
occasion gave no cover when 
Hugh ton, his fail-back, went 
forward for a pass on an 
overlap, lost the bail and Oxford 
immediately counter-attacked. 
Because Waddle's colleagues 
are unsure of his intention, they 
often stop moving and the team 
are not creating the space and 
movement which are an essen- 
tial of the modern game. 

Tottenham have already the 
liability in Hoddle of one 
technically gifted player who 
tends to Bute for periods during 
a match: to have two inconsist- 
ent players, together with two 
Other clever but lightweight 
forwards. Paul Allen and 
Chiedozae, place undue burden 
on the other seven. To carry the 
gamble of tactically inconsistent 
players requires that they 
regularly score goals. _ 

All this tends to produce a 
team that are effective when one 
up hut less than intimidating 
when one down. When liver- 
pool signed Walsh from Luton it 
took him a season to make a 
first-team place his own. It most 
be doubted whether Liverpool 

Mike England has been invited to 
stay as manager of Wales but with a 
big drop in salary. 

After months of speculation that 
failure to reach the World Cup finals 
m Mexico would cost him his job, 
England was told yesterday that he 
can carry on next season, but on a 
part-time basis. 

Wales, hard bit financially by the 
team’s failure to reach the final of an 
international championship and ih* 
curtailment of the British cham- 
pionship, announced in December 
that they could no longer afford the 
manager’s £23,00-a-ycar salary. 

England, appointed as manager 
five years ago, said then that be 
would still be prepared to continue 
on a part-time basis. “It is not the 
money, it is a question of national 
honour,” he said. 

With no top class rivals prepared 
to do his job for the reduced salary 
now available, the Welsh FA 
yesterday confirmed their desire for 
him to stay. England was unavai- 
lable for comment yesterday. 

Rio de Janeiro (AFP) - Tele 
Samana has had what be hopes will 
be last word on Brazil's manager 
crisis. It was an emphatic "no” to 
any approach from the Brazilian 
Football Federation to take over the 
managerless World Cup qualifiers 
for the Mexico campaign. 

For former Brazilian manager 
said here yestemdav: “It is six 
months since I left Brazil after 
helping th to qualify and I would be 
in no position to judge the merits of 
players now. In addition, there is so 
little time left for preparing the 
squad that I wouldn't be able to 
make the changes which would be 

“Another reason for refusing anyf 

offer to manage the side is personal. 

football I 

Since I started playing 
have lived at breakneck speed and 
now is the time to slow down.” 

Santana manag w of Al-Ahli in 
Saudi Arabia, was believed top of 
the shortlist for the post be held in 
19S2 and again in the Mexico World 
Cup qualifying tournament. 

Tottenham pick Jennings 

The return of Pat Jennings to 
While Han Lane could spare 
Tottenham Hotspur the embtrass- 
mcni of greeting Liverpool with 
deserted terraces in tonight's Screen 
Sport Super Cup match. 

The prospect of the 40-year old 
Northern Ireland goalkeeper pitting 
his wits against the instincts of Paul 
Walsh and Ian Rush should stop 
Tottenham's supporters voting 
against manager Peter Shreeve with 
their feet. 

Still smarting over Saturday's 
dismal 3-0 home defeat by 
Nottingham Forest, the latest 
setback in a season of disillusion- 
ment. Tottenham hope the presence 
of Jennings will keep the attendance 
in five figures, the match is virtually 
meaningless, both sides having 
qualified for the semi-finals. But 
Tottenham have every incentive to 
win. to avoid Everson and meet 
Norwich in the last four. 

Tottenham's reserves, bs his first 
senior game for the dub since he befit 
them in tire summer of 1977. He 
comes in with Ray Clemen ce resting 
a sore achilles tendon. 

Tottenham delay selection 
until Glenn Hoddle and Chris 
Hugh ton take late fitness tests. But 
they have Richard Cooke, Paul 
Miller and Tony Galvin all pressing 
for a game. Galvin had the stitches 
removed from his leg yesterday after 
an operation for an infection. 

Liverpool, impressive finishers 
against Watford in Sunday's live 
televised game, are unlikely to make 
any changes. 

Croup am 

P W D L F A Pt* 
Barton 4 3 0 16 3 9 

NorwcnCrty 4 12 13 3 5 

MandmwU 4 0 3 2 4 7 2 

Jennings, keeping in trim for the 
Cup by training with 


Group tnv 

uronmo) a z t o s a 7 

ToWMiaffl 3 2 0 1 5 * 8 

Southampton 4 o l 3 4 § i 

Hodge will miss cup-tie 

would ever have bought Weddle 

oF a 

precisely because oF the diffi- 
culties Tottenham are experi- 

Shreeve's shortest course to 
Tottenham salvation, and his 
own, may be to recall Galvin for 
a month or so and take Waddle 
oat to Cbeshunt and teach him 
the trade. That conM help 
England, too, not to mention 

The England Under-21 captain. 
Steve Hodge, has lost his claim of 
"mistaken identity.” and bas been 
suspended for Aston Villa's Milk 
Cup quarter-final against Arsenal a 
week tomorrow. 

Hodge and his dub protested to 
the Football Association that it was 
his black llnder-21 international 
colleague. Mark Walters, who 
should instead have been booked 
during the FA Cup tie against 
Portsmouth last Saturday week, but 
the FA have accepted the word of 
the Hounslow referee, Colin 

The caution against Portsmouth 
took Hodge on to 21 disciplinary 
points and be is now banned for 
Saturday's League match at Luton, 
as well as tire Milk cup tie at 

Another England Under-21 inter- 
national and captain in trouble was 
Ian S nod in of Leeds United, he has 
been charged by the FA with making 
“insulting and improper com- 
ments'' to a linesman 
The midfielder has not asked for 
a personal hearing and now the FA 
wiH deal with the matter by 

Manuel is 
left out 
of warm-up 


Souness: his dob's cup commitment is likely to prevent his playing for his country 

Judge gives Barcelona lack Real 

last chance 


Swansea City amstill in business 
- for another 23 days at least. Mr 

finishing power 

Barcelona's pursuit of Mark 
Hughes reflects Terry Venables’* 
awareness that without Bernd 
Schuster, who seems determined to 

Justice Hannan agreed in the High lea « ^ ^ stere Archibald so 
Court yrauatiay . afternoon topve ^ a ^ player is 

the Third Division ctnvb another 
reprieve to enable a rescue pa ckage 
to be completed. 

The judge said it could only be 
beneficial to creditors to keep the 
dab alive bat he warned that unless 
something was sorted out soon the 
situation could not carry on much 

He was told they needed £450,000 
for tire latest rescue deal and already 
had £200.000 with another £1 00.000 
promised. But with debts put by the 
Official Receiver at £1,988,000. the 
judge said be would not be 
sympathetic to further delays. 
Swansea were brought back from 
the dead two days before Christmas 
when Mr Justice Scott allowed them 
to continue trading, in spite of the 
winding up older made just three 
days earlier. 

Yesterday’s decision was a 
triumph for executive director Doug 
Sharpe, who has been desperately 
applying the kiss of life to the 85- 

badly needed. 

By contrast with Real Madrid, 
where Batragneno, VaMano, SantO- 
tana and Hugo Snachez jostle for 
die two a trac kin g positions, Barce- 
lona can look a blunt instrument 
when Archibald Is not there, as they 
did when I saw them weD beaten at 
Non Camp by Sparta Prague in foe 
first rotnidl of (be Earopean Cop. 

Venables explained to me that he 
knew jnst what he was doing when 
he signet Archibald to replace 
Maradona. He did not mud another 
player of Maradona's type to follow 
"die best In the *0144," and . he 
wanted someone who could wean 
Barcelona's stars away from egoism. 
Archibald Immediately showed he 
could follow -a fine goal with an 
mwlfin h, goal- making pass. 

As for Schuster, the word is that 
his strong-willed wife. Gaby, is tired 
of living in Barcelona, where 
Schuster's contract runs until 1988. 


Brian Glanvffie 

LESSON, ‘ (&****>“ ClriM 
. Manuel, a midfield player, wa* a 
surprise absentee when Jose Tones, 
the Portugese named 
squad for bis comipys Wond Cup 
wann-np game against Finland in 
Lena, north of Lisbon, on January 
22. Portugal will also play Luxem- 
bourg on February 5 and Hast 
Germany on February 1 9. 

Marred, who scored the winning 
goal against West Germany when 
carried Portugal into tire Wodd Cup 
finals fa one of several experienced 
players musing in a. squad which 
Torres explained was 'proybaonal 
and experimental. ■ 

Torres, the former Beafica 
. forward, who led POrtugaFs. attack 
on their last appearance .in j tho 
World Cup finals in England In 
’ 1966, said the squad di d ^not 
represent the foul group vtinefa 
would travel to Mexico m May. 

Mamrel Bento the veteran 
' ■ gadzfeeeper and Fernando Gomes, 
toward, are die leading Payers 
named in the squad for what will be 
• - the first of three-up matches before 
the finals. 

“This isn't the final lfet," Torres 
-saifr “Many players who 'are on the 
list won't go to Mexico while t here 
are players who aren't on it yet who 
have their places guaranteed.” 

Although Manuel is missing from’ 
the . the Beafica star is 

expected to play for Portugal in, 

' Group F in' Monterrey in June when 
.they will meet England, Morocco 
.'ana Poland. 

- ~ Beafica, the joint league traders, 

' are well represented. In addition to 

ManneL they supply Bento, goal- 
keeper -who has conceded on ly au t 
goals in 16 games in this league 
n ml striker Diamantxno 
Miranda, and a forward, Alvaro 
M aga lh a c s, a de fe n d er. 

From Porto come Gcara._ twicc 
winner of .die “Golden Boot" award 
for Europe’s top goal scorer, and life 
partner Paolo Futrc,wbo is tipped 
to be one of the stars in Mexico. 

. Sporting, Fortagars. third top 
dub. contribute Jaime Pacheco and 
Mario Jorge, versatile midfield, 

Offmba, SomooL Mom 
HVtowKdo, F e rna ndo 

year-old club since it was compul- 0 f attracts her, which 

sorily wound up. His application 
was that the special manager 
appointed by the Official Receiver 
to run the club should continue 
until February 10. 

He brought with him a cheque for 
£200.000 to satisfy the judge that the 
£140,000 debt for which the club 
was orignially put out of business 
had been met- He also promised the 
£100,000 was also available from 
Swansea businesses. 

But the receiver claims that at 
least £450.000 is necessary if the 
dub is to continue as a going 
concern and sharpe will now double 
his fund -raising efforts. “I am 
pleased at the decision and hopeful 
that there will be football in 
Swansea for many years to come,” 
Sharpe said. 

“I hope that the supporters who 
have already pledged £100,000 to 
the dab will continue to back us and 
1 bope to get .other First Division 
dubs down to the Vetch Field to 
keep the cash Dow going”, Sharpe 
added. The visit of First Division 
leaders Manchester United to 
Swansea lor a friendly last night was 
expected to provide a massive 

But Sharpe warned: "This a 
going to be our last chance and we 
must get the money together before 
the end of the 28 days because we 
are unlikely to get another 

Former Wales Cap lain Md Nurse 
and Peter Howard, both former 
Swansea directors, supported Shar- 
pe's application even though they 
have Launched a rival bid to keep 
the dub afloat 

might give the unbeaten Paris Saint- 
Germain a chance. But French 
football b a backwater compared 
with the Italian game and though 
Turin is scarcely Paris, Juventns, 
Barcelona's next opponents In the 
European Cup, most attract Schust- 

Last Sunday, Barcelona did a 
great deal better then Juventns. 
embarrassingly beW 6-0 at borne by 
little Como. Barcelona, at Non 
Camp, had an important odd-goal 
victory over foe powerful Atietko 
Madrid. In the otho- meeting 
between teams from Barcelona and 
Madrid, Beal Madrid thrashed 
Espaikol 4-1 st the Bernaben. Real 
and Baredona both recovered firom a 
goal down. Two of Real's goals went 
to their, international sweeper, 
Maceda. Another International 
centre back, AJexanco, beaded 
Barcelona's winner. 

Boniek, whom England will hare 
to face next May ia Monterrey, ran 
half the length of the field on 
Sunday to score at Udinese for 
Roma, and laid on foe second goal 
for Prnzzo. Juventns may still lira to 
regret selling Boniek .to Roma, 
whose 2-6 victory pat them above 
Napoli, remarkably beaten at home 
by Pisa. Boniek always did so well in 
European games, whatever his form 
in the ch a m pi on ship. - 

Roma can also look forward to the 
return next season from Ksa of the 
splendid centre forward, BafcHerL a 
new candidate for Italy’s World Cap 
team. He is only on loan to the - 
Tuscan dab. (He is a Tuscan 

It was a busy Sunday in Apulia, 
not least for British players. AC 
Milan at last tasted victory, the In- 
form Mark Hateley heading one of 
their two goals in Lecce, from Ray 
Wilkins's cross. Lecce w»«wi two 
penalties. Not far.awaj,..fn Bari, 
Ridcoat and Cowans's team, drew 0-.. 
® with Soaness and Francis’s 
Sampdoria. But perhaps foe salient 
result of the day was Atalanta’s 3L1 
win over Interaarienale, hi Milan. 
Inter totter bom one disaster to 

Poor MarioUno Cbrso. Inter's 
former star, and youth coach, la foe ‘ 
stop-gap ma n agw , doe to be 
replaced at the end of the season. He 
has accused certain players of net 
trying, and rings the changes . in 
vaSn. Yet at the start of the season. 
Inter were hot favourites for the 
title. “I should have picked the 
youth team," Corso said Utterly. 
Liam Brady was one of three 

Banfica), Opium, nan' (both fSr« 
Borgs (Chsvea). Armando (Safeualroa), 


• Beafica had a fright yesterday 
when, (bey conceded an eaxiygoal to 
Martizno. bottom of the table, but 
fought back to win 2-1 and retain 
their shared lead- ‘ with, rivals 
Sporting in the Porfaguese ‘football 

Sporting- also won but made 
heavy weather of a 1-0 victory over 
.Ares who packed their defence to 
deny Sporting -any chances until foe 
65th inimkto when Manuel' Fer- 
nandes, captain, headed the decid- 
ing goal from a free kick. • 

Cup outing 

for Buxton 

Steve Buxton, a winger who. has 
been ignored all season, could be an 
unexpected choice by Aft rit K ftmn 
when they pfay Binniifaham City 
tonight in a 'rearranged FA' Cup 
thud-round tie.. •• 

Buxton, who has been on loan to 
the Multipart League side, Wrtton 
Albion, since August, : returned <m 

Saturday for Altrincham’s 4-1 win 
over Chd 

Braut Glaaville is Football Came-: 
spondeni of the Smxlay Times. 


Wslglt Lflkaan 2, MocMao 1; Standard 
Lttga ft Antwerp ft Swing. ft Charleroi 1; 
Uaraa 0. Kortrifc 1; FC Bruges 3. FC Lttao 1: 
Andoitecht 7. MoMwak ft WWwshcalft CS 
Brugvs 1; Wa ragani 1. Bmran 0. Postponed 
Bearschotv Ghort. 

Umdtog po eM cns; 1, FC Brugu,. 35ptK ft 
Andartflcht. 30: 3, Bowse!**. 25. 

Rands Ainarral. Rarwa* ft t*ea 3. Nancy 1; 
Brest i. Paris SaH-Oarman 1: BtaUa ft Uatz 
0: Toufemaa 2. Monaco 1; UUa l. Toulon ft 
Bordeaux 1. Sfrraboung ft Lava) ft Nantm ft 
La Hanre 3, Uns ft Maroaflta 1, Socbauic ft 
Lwftn poa W o na : 1. Parts Saoit-Gorman. 
4ftrts:ft Nantes. 3ft 3, Bordeaux, 3ft 
CREEK; ApoOon 0. PanaMnaMos ft AEK t. 
Arts Salonika 1; MMs ft Panadnfld ft 
OtynqMico* ft Larissa ft Pantanlos ft PACK t; 
Kateiwrt* ft OR 2; Ooxa ft Yarmfcta ft 
Shrikes 1. Parnandua ft 

Baton: Bart ft Samwtaria 0; Fto ren tt ia ft 
Torino ft htanuaionaie 1, Atatantaft JUrontus 
ft Como ft Lecce 0. AC Mton ft Napos ft Pisa 
1; UcfMM'ft Roma ft Varana ft AmNfcriOL 
Uodhjgpoarooaa: 1, Juventw. 28; ft Roma, 

PORIUOUESt Porto ft! _ 
i. Am a Porttnonansa 1. SambaT ft Bond 
a PanafM ft D a l a n a na a a 4. chavws 
• GuhnaraH S. Corfha ft Acadsmica 1,- 

SPAN®*: Barcelona 
Sauna 0. 

Osama i; Cadi 1. 
Santander ft Real ' 

• Bangor City were saved from 
ending up in the High Court 
yesterday when a judge was told 
they bad paid a £2,204 tax debt. 

But the future of the non-league 
Welsh dub still hangs in the balance 
until the outcome of a new winding 
up petition being brought by a 
Leeds-based firm, Norton Wright 
Lid over an alleged £3,700 debt. 

Mr Justice Harman gave foe dub 
28 days in which to pay the debt and 
dismissed the petition by the 

Commissioners of Customs and 


i, Psnatrinaftoa, SS; ft Aria, 23; ft ABC, 20. 

ft Afleflm Madrid 1; 

Gt Harculto . 1 ; 

. s&VMhKUUl. 

4. Esparto! 1; Cotta „ 

^^■■|Sy OTpfr ? < ? d n l nnf cn » w d"*Slnanest since the Firs: 
Madrid. 33; ft aneSunTiZftft Atotfco World War, cannot affoitL defeat. A 

fourth-round draw against York 

tenham* .--marking his 
impressive -Gobi League debut with 
a ninth-nrinute penalty. . 

Altrincham’s ~ -manager, * - John 
King, has 1 been! forced to do> without 
hfe regular right back, .. Elfyn 
Edwards. He reoemly took.' up '-a 
training course with the Greater 
Manchester fire service and trill be 
unavailable for about 12 weeks. 

"It was a heart-breaking decision 
for Elfin to have to znake, whh such 
an important match coming up, but 
be has been unemployed and 
desperately looking for work and 
felt he bad to take the opportunity 
when it. arose", Kiny said. Despite 
King’s efforts, Edward's new 
employers were reluctant to give 
Him time off 

Phil Gardner is likely to keep the 
No 2 shirt and. Doug Newton is 
expfened to shake off the. effects of 
influenza. King will otherwise have 
afull -strength, squad. 

Birmingham, with fast Saturday’s 

Madrid. 25. 

Wembley final dilemma 

. . ( season. 

They will again be without their top 
' scorer, David Geddis (six goals). 

"*■ Brighton have chartered a train 

Passarella bounty 

Buenos Aires, (Reuter) - Daniel 
passardla bas donated hfe $15,000 
(about £10,000) earnings from 
Argentina's World Cop qualifying 
round to a national programme to 
feed the needy, football officials said 
yesterday. Passarella, who plays for 
Italy’s Floremina, captained Argen- 
tina's 1978 World Cup winning 
team and was a key figure in the side 
which qualified for this year’s finals 
in Mexico. 

Kerry Dixon and David Speeds 
could miss Chelsea’s first Wembley 
appearance in 14 years in foe Fall 
Members Cup Final against Man- 
chester City on Sunday, March 23. 

The forwards may find them- 
selves required by their countries for 
vital World Cup warm-up games the 
following Wednesday. 

England are certain to want To 
give Dixon, scorer of 21 goals this 
season, a run-out in foe much 

against Russia in Tbilisi, while 15- 
goal Speedie could also benefit from 

that they must release any players 
selected for international matches 
the following week and both Chelsea 

to take as raanj^of their supporters 

an d Manche ster are obtigwl to field m*™ The cost will be £5,500 
Tbeir Lea * ue K* a 45fcseat train, tickets being 

as possible: to Hull City on January 
25 for their FA Cap fourth -round tie 
and are prepared to run it at a loss if 

playing in Scotland's meeting with 

omania at Hampden Park 
The League have told both dnbs. 

games on March 22. 

So Dixon and Speedie must 
foe daunting prospect of playing 

three games m five days or miss the 

• final 

The Football League yesterday 
fixed the Sunday date after Oxford 

United, Manchester City's sched- 
uled League opponents on March I, 
had objected to 'that day as the 
original choice for the 
competition's finaL ..... 

s being 

priced at £18, exclusive of ground 
admxsaon. These wifi go on sale at 
Saturday’s home' match against 
Middlesbroqgfc. • 

FA Vase draw 

RPTH .itoW p: Cqundan or T«tnworth . 



Leeds player 
joins Oldham 
in £55,000 deal 


Paul Newman 

Saturday January 18 uriara 

Celtic swamped 

Celtic's premier division match 
against Motherwell at Parkhcad was 
postponed last sight for the second 
ame within three weeks because ofa 
waterlogged pitch. Glasgow referee 
Alan Ferguson was called in after 
storms had buffeted the west of 

Andy Linizhan. the Leeds United 
centre halt, yesterday joined 
Oldham Athletic in a £55,000 dcaL, aged 23 moved to 
Hland Road from Hartlepool 
United 20 months ago. The Leeds 
managers, Billy Brcmner, hopes to 
sign a replacement in time . for 
Saturday's visit to Chariton Ath- 

Bnntoghun v Barton 
Oenmy v W attord 
Ladwtar v Aiyenri 
Urapod v WmHw 
L uton v Aston vat 
MtflU v Nottingham F, 
OPR v Mew c tatt a 
StvflWdW v Oxford . 
Sth aW ptoo v fanddi 
Tottenham v ManC 
WBA vCtotew 

Boumamouth v 


Doncaster v Newport 
GNn<?)an v Lhcoto 
Plymouth v Yodc 
ftotfwrtiam v Baton 
Wafas* * Bristol C 

! aearar* 

■X MotharweB v Dundee 
1 Rtngm v St Mirren 

Not M 

Wigan v 
V Brantford.’ 

second omstoi.. 
Brighton v W dafa atee 
Cafllafa V Bfaddxan. 
CharBon v LaatSs 

MtnlKt v Bocftkfc 

Hateapoctv Camel/ 

Ayr v Htnrfton 
g yrtt v Fw tar - 
gratodoo v Bnctdn 
Mont v EaatHh 
Mmjnwck vAWrta 
Mammae * Parte* . 
-Munon v Aha 

& -r? sia aartiAJK f assi'rss 

dedared the ground unfit 

FA Youth Cop draw 

Liverpool forward, who has hem - 
given a free transfer by Oldham, is 
to have mike with the Scottish dob, 

FOURTH ROUND: BoOterttem or Nets 
* CteaiarfieU or Manchwtar umtsd: 

Rovers * Tonaanam Hotspu r, Luton q r Amen* 
VtontHdon or CMmon ANsac ShaflMd 

• Andy Robinson, a 19-year-old 
Manchester United Utility player, 
has joined Bury on a free transfer. 

1 Kufl v Ofdham 
1 Nonrich v Portamoute 
X giraWsb«y * 9teffU 
1 Won* y. madlori 
1 SwMariand v; H1 j nH 
1 Wmbtedm v Grtmsey 

X-Ttoribrnmn v Sunday 

. 1 Marine v Rwiwt 

1 Sounand.v Oam 
X Torquay * Scunttmpe 
2 -Vnwftam vSwWT 

Net on cou pon s. Haflft 

.gMHWHltfOND . 
g*jn i Mndmtaak 
g«wWt v QuoMTaPfc 

Tv D onl te itfa m y g 

am sgvag&E 



ijBMmawnwk Mau tOnsiw 

IMted. FUhwn. anre wate ayilaratant- Nor-. 

ass- 8 



ex P^teTttondtester CSy Robinson has been arcgular Central 
V L acastir g Sb*b Otr. MBwtf or Hwrport League player but has not made a 


county « So utt i an i u i a n; Hn«sitfa IMtefl w 

Town or SteflWd WadrtMdw. (TUB » t» 

senior appearance for United. He is 
expected to nuke hfe L eague debut 
on Saturday. • • - 

thasttteo, . Torquay, 

TfawWt Mate - 

ly.Nc r B Mrepteu , FUttK, Banrtefc. 

.HOMES:, swraakl- Watteeaday. 

Ctarte**, • Hui, WfeefaMav 

gwrs. EMto ifattw, Owfara, Dad* 


start as 



Super Bowl XX will match % 
Chkwgo Bran ad Ne* Etefotf 
PatriotoiarNew OHeasoi Jaam 

26* Tb* w.ddfiied with comte. 
bn victor i es by. foe tin teams fa 
Sunday's National Football Lcag« 
(NFL) Conference champfrnihfra, . 

The Bean became, foe fint'fea 
to hold eppomtits aemticas fa 

aoccessfre pfajx^ funs, buffer 

the Los Angela Rams 
Chkago. Wind ud mAcr -n** 

expected to be feton, buf fos Bears' - 


McMahon, needed m- 
* asistaacetegKsa. ' 
tee ttorir firrt Snpor Brnrl j q rpefa ^. 

Loo Angdea* nambg back; Erie 
Dfdtmoa, had rested fbk a'mord ? 
248 yanb hrathig Dallas tho wb*- 
before, bat foe Been, led' te 

linebacker, Mike Stofdetary, ^ 

Wflliain Perry (foe retide 72rmm 
defonsira tndde), held Ufa to just 46 
yards and forced a pair of Samblas. 

McMahon was expected fa 
establish the . Chicago >nundqg 
attack fast instead he came out 
throwing short panes agmnst 1 the 
Rams’ cxcrllewt hmg-pms defence. 
Chkaga'i star Turning hade. Walter 
Payton, coatrflmtod moafly-as. a 
receiver and worfd-daas apriuto ; 
WBfie. Gaatt, came rioingb srifo - 
several crucial catches, fadafiag 
one for a 22-yard third -qaarter 
tooebdown. Having _ woe foe 
National Conference foaampfa a- 
ship, foe Bean, go to foe Snper Bowl, 
with foe League’s best neon, 17-1 „ 
They vffi be faratmed far ahoat 10 
gmi Mi tw ■ *" 

The Patrioto had 'hot iifa : 'h 
Miami ia 18 attempts natil Seaday’s 
31-14. rictory .for. the Americas 
Conference dhampfonslrip-. In 4 
conservative ex tub Moa tbat m- a Ur d 
the play of Miami's Super Bowl' 
wkmtng teams of the 1971s, New 
England's ' miner, . Craig James 
gained 105. yards and qaarter bach, 
Tony Easoo, completed tea passes fa 
onlyI2 atteapts. They managed -to' 
keep the ball away from -tho. 
Dolphins' deep-threat offence el 
quarter back Dan Marino, and 
receivers, Mailt Clayton and Mark 
Doper, for 39 min 51 sec. of the 
game's 60 adnates. 


Sunday trial 
likely to 
be extended 

Sunday racing could be 1 
permanent- feature, in Ireland in 
1987, the Irish Racing. .Board said 
yesterday m their annual review of 
the industry. This year it is hoped to 
extend the trial period to indudeup 
to 1 2 meetings oh Sundays. 

The board reported that. the six 
Sunday meetings during 1.985 had 
attracted over 56,000 people and 
market research had shown that this 
included 10,000-first-tixne racegoeiS. 

“The research results indicate 
that there is a market for Sunday ■ 
racing," the . board asserted, poing 
out that bookmakers had -handled 
more than £3,000,000 during those- 
six fiianres, an increase of 70. per 
cent over comparable weekday 
fixtures at the particular courses. 
Tote betting had also, improved by. 
50 per cent. 

For the -first time the Queen’s 
Message relay is to be sponsored, 
and appropriately, .the pledge of. 
fin a n cial support comes from the 
Royal MaiL .They have pledged 

RUGBY UNION: Jon Webb, the 
Bristol full back, has turned down 
an invitation 10 pfay 1 ' for Engfanitm 
the' University match against Wales 
at Richmond on Friday night, to 
protect his dab {dace. V 
■ Webb, a medical student, aged 52. 
plays instead in Bristol's home game 
with Exeter on the same nighx. 

MOTOR. RALLYING;- Lancia , the 
It a l ian team, have entered- three 
Delia cars in the opening event of 
the 1986 world championship, the 
Monte Carlo Rally scheduled for 
January 18-24. 

CYCLING: Nissan Ireland have-, 
agreed to sponsor the Nissan 
International for another 

two years, in a deal worth around . 
£400,000. Tips year’s race fa to be 
held from October 1 to 5. 


Top player&meet 
in Ostend 


By Sydney Frisian 

The snooker none mores today to 
Ostend where Jhmny TVlffle," the 
winner on Sunday ef the Mercantile: 
Credit Classic, mete Tony Kamrie** 
in the first round of the III fa lute . 
Masters tournament. The ffrteT wiB 1 
be played on Friday over 17 framafc 
If White beats. Knowles he co«H 
set up a semi-final meeting- 

Stove Davis who aks ^ptayr today-. 
apdast Terry Oiffifovlh ttenfoto 
half of the draw Deams Tijfa< • 
world champion meets AlexHfagfas 
Uhikhtqw and. Ray . -Reardon pto. 
Erik Stevens. 

The efafat players at OsfaMj® 
remember an ahMnt friend, 
Tterbnra, who waaboESs-VU# 
White fa - Sunday's find-. d> 

WimngtoiL. H uniinm ' gi rate tf M i- 
place to Hiibwt' to . i «i« a OS 
hanuuiitarian wfa«fao to -Toronto tt - 
teep an appointmcut with hfa. 
friend, John Ostiw, who wae 
in a motor cydeacddoit 18 nteafoti 
ago and fa now paralysed. *T wade a 
conutittmatt and right ' aaw- this 
the only thing .-on my tear : 
Thorbura said."- He ^■tepes- 1 ' * 
ttcmnBc hfe friend to pi ayanwkf 
m the next pwmplej^c OJytefac 


Thorburn tte nffRUted te4- 
*mall section of foe 

boeedhfan'at Warrington onSnofaF 
whan White was twice penafatof*® ; 
not makutg • fofr attempt 
radftmw ■ awtmlf«a rfJ v. • 


happen to at but fofe 
tima I have been booe*" Tlterte^ 
added. . . . ... .. " v *&* 

*Tt was Jnst d'ceopfe: 

Thorimm said, hwt foe J 
have made amfatmt 
5»fonrn.fa wife ifoo.:vrakjr 

foefr foar-yeu>rid san>'vT^ 

Out foe 


* \ v 


lilil- ' 

i.i; ' ~ r 


t: • .■ 

z .-• 

Ibson s: 
ibefore t 



tifccl G^.-- - '. 

yst- _ 




t >« «s 
1^3,,,- ; '. 




'^utbc - 
• - 

| rL;‘ 


C 61 k - 




-Vi. V.^r- <*. 


I tl * 






r K 

England B fold 

against lively tccb and 

bowling by Sri From I vo Tennant 

uatllVd v^UUS 

Colombo (AFP) - Against a' damage and with Slack watchfol gSpL ”***: 

lively attack, aided by some and Nicholas driving and 

amie fieldiiW smri firVU n »iu no -v. . * l. of 36, matas taHiM to play 



Goodwill is Youth should take to 
the key as conditioning room 

tOB Dlavers By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Cwrespondeirt 

, / The British rankings will be puberod b °y s *^ d ^ J ? er ^^oS 

|\q p|r dnnm announced a week-today and the tune to modify the 

duck down a-Mf^afisa Swasits 

By Richard Eaton fiSaSSSaSSi 

■n» acUcmnm of CdKoo, tfe &£ &&*•&&!£?££&£ 583 

eqaipueat company,- in peesaading vi»rt fnr ; n 1077 The coaches to look out for more over- 

foar oat of fri-e top players to dum&i 25L*Si»S aWnder thE l?b^ who may have had modest 
their minds and take part in tb* .IL^nxords in younger age groups 

English n ati on al rframpionahips w-__ j? ^ but could -be late developers 

next month iriB delay the conflict \ m ^SltS'SSI& indoor jWSSi “*S 

' By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

awaf^afisa rss 


their minds and take - part in the 

as a squash coach once' put it. 

wickets by the close yesterday 

}iai O-i. men iMCholas was **i Have all the qualifications 
iven out 1-b-w by umpire B. C. needed - in fact 1 am more Kngliali 
oory. Four later, Randall, that Allan Lamb, ‘‘Rice sahL “1 


next month win delay the conflict TWinV'tfci'reo-ni Junior indoor Dr- hoarp, uuaoeuiauy, ««■**»— 
ttnet appears destined to trouble the three ai^m wbiAwomratodm 

*""* StAeSETlfiornmiJaww ofbS^?? 

a: las^s&jSVs 

KSVS-i 35 Ue mmesk=£TJS HrspMSgra. 

£"***» who were afl recently signed yumH jndnes of outstanding young compensation fedora in that the 
fay the promotions m a n ag e me nt tennis players strerod^rmport- extra fat can h^ women to sum ve 
C0 2*iS WaDca T Intern *ti<“*L a n eff orducreet and regular noting extreme situations (such as ship- 
said they wanted to concentrate on ® wreck), can also be an aid m kmg- 

Dr Crass Sharp, the joint director distance swimming and other 

frjai-jrsnfSSS Louis steps up 

The leading three 

on the second day of their three- . toe most experienced of the h»e played ft* ll season* to 
day match against Sri Lankan England batsmen, suffered a ^**J-“* Britfeh cttfaen, and 
Colts, - similar fate. Neither nlnver tunc h°ld a British passport. 

After the Colts had been 
bowled out for 247, the local 
opening bowlers, Amalean and 
Ramanayake, obtained con- 

siderable ' movement from a lost three wickets for one run eligible to play far .England if he has 
docile pitch, and took two Worse was to follow With played Cor any other country duri ng 
wickets each before le left-arm the score 76. Slack, who had ^ * eriod *“ * Test “ ottter 
spinner, Anurasiri, undermined bajted sensibly, played a tunung „ r u, ntmrt . 

thetater ^ Ml onto hi, thigh pad. only for iSSh^lh. rccK 

The England innings ,got off the rebound to be caught HWthr^nlng to OntomTiif 
to a shaky start, with the Three balls later, Tremlett ^1.^ 0 , notto natehhraeif 
’ .followed, another 1-b-w vie- available for selection by South 

Gifford mnfoin — . . Africa in tbeir current aeries against 

similar fate. Neither player was f.innw the 

happy with his decision. TCCB*s quaSfiratioa rating that he 

When Pnngle was bowled by most reside and has beenreshtem in 

a hail from Anurasin that the British Iska daring the 
turned sharply, England B had preceding 10 years, he is stfll not 1 

financially more rewarding inter- 
national arrant. AD four originally 
refused to enter the ch amp ionships 
which has acquired tefe rfa fon 
coverage through Channel 4 for the 
first time. 

in pointing out that ihc physical "UUio 

disparity between junior girls and ! n fU D nrnrlfl 

boys **has nothing whatever to do XU lilt tv HI 1U 

Gifford captain fcartiec. the England B bowl- the breakaway Australians If he 

Spain at 46 m bad done well to dismiss the wanted to be e&gjhfe for selection by 

XT - , Colts for 247. with only the left- England in future. This, according to 

IN orman Gifford, the assist- handed Test d lover Ariuna R**- «wstitwes restraint of- trade, 
ant manager of the England B- Ranatunga, playing with anv siace series here. Is an unofficial 
team Sri U»ka, ™, —sJSZ o„ A !S «t. . - : ... 

Earlier, the England B bowl- the breaks 

been notable. 

boys “ha* nothing whatever to do 

a.iVi£c wSftM riprs 

physiques of the pteyera, « is good, 
tfel sohd work in conditioning rooms." 

^ Stop reminds us: “The 
of^OdwfflfwwbKhBadndnttmbaa adojesoat sp^t, the greatest 

serai Docane. period of later childhood growth. 

was confidence. 

yesterday re-sDoointed as ul, not °, Ul Conversely. Radford, the Worres- 

Wnrwkkshire’s rantain fnr n»vt S ven,l ^ 1I » reached a spark- tershire bowler, who Is oa stand-by 
arvncK shJLre s captamjor next ling century from only 147 balls for England’s tour, was told by 

r<M ^5r J ^“ sl 2 11 ^ in four hours- By the time the Doajdki Out, die TCCB secretary, 

since the scries here. Is an unofficial 
one- . 

Conversely. Radford, the Werces- 

Boh England bowlers had poshed 
JS: and -wJU *»e 46 off the innings after lunch, he 


by tte time the season opens. was undefeated on T20, 
Warwickshire hare also sn lanka coLT&Rratmoino. 

announced David Heath MvoniugibCoak 

as dhainnaa of the cricket gS^^ZZZZZZ: 

sub-commi tt ee to replace the R Junnp«fTy c Sinw b Prvmw 

Mewho resigned en Woe after a Stetfcr— 

no-confidence vote by members p Rodrigo bAgraw 

last month. Heath played first- g Prh ^ 1 * 

class cricket for the county c Ran»n»v«k^B^^-, " " 1 

between 1949 and 1953. ■ 


that h wonld aot he marked against 
him if he played - for Transvaal 

,piit«l llu* ^a OwlhiL 

Rice, who. is coo tetapla ting 
settfiag in Edgkni when be retires - 
regardless of whether he plays for 

Britain beat Sweden 3-0 in Loano 
in Italy to quality for the final stages 
in November Of tbc European 
women’s team championship. Sara 
Gomer. of Torquay, got them off to 
a flying start when she beat Karolina 
Karlsson 6-4, 6-1 before Annabel 
Croft, Britain's No 1, defeated 
Chrina Karlsson 6-3. 6-4. With a 
winning margin assured, the team 
manager. Sue Mappin, gave a first 

Kg sp«<to Waterman cyclist Gregor Besets off .U 
coaristent if there fsanrapediment altitude in Irpavi, Bolivia, en route to a world 5,000 metres 
to hi* selection U will not be on record of 4 min 44.7SCC. 

batsmen understandably ner- To “<0 

vo us. As early as the second 

ovw, the left-handed Slack must bowun&a^ww 22.1^57-% uvnm is- 
have been perilously dose to aas-i: phoS 24-7^1-a; cook 2 s-kksm; 
leg-before-wicket while padding Tremtet ' 1 ^^ JB: 

*’■** """"" BNUNDaMImtati 

UP. K Barnett Bnv AmalMn 

But the first wicket to fall was 

^""SSfoWSSS!^^ *0 «ri*ml y be In terpreted by the Up until a mouth ago there Spemngs Solent Stars. They had 

forward in Arm Iran and wa«s SoS3S. 6AnimW 1 .registrations committee as seemed to be only two teams in the Clark (35) fouled out with four 

STEEL 10 AmaJean and was M international matches within the running for the Carisbefg National minutes left but might stfll have 

2 of Aw bwd^ redet- League tide, but the issue has now- won bad Bontrager added to what 

with the total -0. A they edged Ewms cm, wz> Officials at the TCCB and at -been thrown wide open. The defeats for him was a meagre tally of 17 

the same bowler and was — Nettin^mmshire said they were at the weekend of Team Polycell with a three-point attempt three 

spectacularly caught by von . nc surpraed at Bee’s statements as Kingston and Portsmouth have let seconds from tim^ He coDied with 

HagL diving at third slip. *■ 2 1 w ^ cem i" ^ ^ >«« Sharp Manchester United into David Lloyd as be shot, but to 

Slack and his captain. Nicho- BOWUWk ftnrtMn isa-iM: Raimnawte °* . T“« contention, and neither Manchester Kingston’s fury the fool call went 

: set about repairine the «4-iM:AiwaMrii8lS*4iS3!w^ spokesn wn said the regulations had Giants nor Walkers Crisp Leicester against Bontrager. leaving Man- 

►, set aooux repairing ine 24l t— r be«. rabmitted for legal approval can now be ruled oul Chester, for whom the final shot by 

knirrllt wlffi .vinninn 

IVnigni WllH Wi nnin g W3.V <*» *■ forfl* * becoming surprising. U ■»«* their secondhome recoroa nfly 1cwry ’ 

® , O v English -qualified *od he knows it," bi&s in three games, Leicester Manchester United capitalized on 

Schools cricket by George Chesterton a Treat Bridge official said. succeeding 1 14-113 ^ after two events elsewhere the previous night 

Pels ted have iuat returned 4mm vifArSwiOi u,Hi n Rice’s comparison with Allan periods of oyer-time. Locesierare to maintain their challenge on 

SSSaSTfSS Si L * mb * ** Lamb'S certainly the late spmahsts. Of xheur Sunday by winning IlTlll at 

led programme they played in bowled out nine runs short in the ^ aTtata were English-born and four that have gone mu> Crystal Palace fix- whom Jennings 

ih *S$£, MdSuESTatS Lamb foerete. nreded Ojdy four overtime they have now won three. (4 -i) was hisuanti prolific a^lS 

claide. All matches were played Felsted came in the last match when yemra to 4“^^ Engfo«L This time a basket with a second ^ 

a 55 limited over fasis. the Haynes made 122 against Pembroke, -w re a j , , to go by Vaoghan (38 points) took *^ S5r ^ 

insts winning seven of the 13 School who had made the fonnid- [VIcC llTflV flOlinf the game into the initial extra period ~*8 Iie . v ^ ms fof Unium will 

yed. Adnrew Knight was the able total of 254 on the Adelaide 1U ^ U1U J UUUUl and^hen that ended aD-square, two move into second position if they 

1st succe^ul batsman having an OvaL This time it was Felsted who The touring Australian sfide beat free shots by Bradbury, the victim of OVtT Palao<: 81 

legate of 410 runs in 10 innings, were bowled out only -nine runs Northern Transvaal by 25 runs in an international foul by Hayles. 3tre «ora tonight 

B to his selection it will not be on 
2 account of bis ability - and not 
5 necessarily because be Is playing in 
1 a form of international cricket. It 
32 may simply be because he is captain 
of Sou to Africa. 

L Xic&ard Strtttoa wriussSinoe 1981- 
2 Rke:has also played for Sooth 
13. Africa against rebel teams from 
4; Eng la nd and Sri Lanka and in the 
two rubbers against West Indian 
7 - sides: - _ • 

32' All these series, a TCCB 
* spokesman said, would almost 
0 certainly be Interpreted by the 


Race for the title is 
now wide open 

Whilst this stfll the hope occurs on average at least two years winning margin assured, the team 
that the fiztnre does not develop later in boys than in girls. What I manager. Sue Mappin, gave a first 
manv of the leas i*<-t?ra N» feateres suggest is happening with the tennis senior international chance to Jo 
ofJther professional sports will squads is that because of the Louis, another Devon player, who 
survive, la the ivft wv » |W the relatively heavy racket and ban teamed with Miss Gomer to beat 
have been (compared to . badminton and Maria lindstrom and. Elizabeth 
^»lQ9^i««Ueadnn»aait squash), the girls, to be competitive, Ekblom 6-3. 64, 

must have gone through the growth quaufymq HOtwafc fig fin Baden): 
“I derided to play after pressure spun and puberty. 

from Carttuu and that was the "The boys, on the other hand, are {jS£^ n S4?* 7-6, 4-«; c jobnmt t* m 
reason I chaswed my mind", probably strong enough to cope s<*ropp B-8. « 6^ Jotoartit and CJriwchor 
Boddcky, flic holder of tike national even before tSx growth spurt and *B#n*r **iS ytwM. 3<. 8- «- » 
title said. “I admit that if I had had puberty, if they are talented enough. “nirtawW 6-VA CroftM C 

a free choice I would not be So I can quite see how you have Kortnon w. 7-fc j Uata red eomre bt E 
supporting vh* wfawh this year post-pubertal girls’ squads and pre- BtWom and M Urxhtrani s-a. 8-4. 
but I am not unhappy with the 

outcom e . I conceded that once there »- , a 1 •iv 1 . <1 

McEnroe’s uphill battle 

^ New York (Reuter) - After a McEnroe will be seeking to match 

teamed with Miss Gomer to beat 
Maria lindstrom and. Elizabeth 
Ekblom 6-3, 6-4. 

CXIAUFYMQ ROUM3: FM fin Badan): 
Swtewtand M Wart Owmrey S-1. ftaeiA 
fSwtas namu ftntf: L tiaadre tort to A 
Besnor SO. 7-6. 4-6; C JobMlK bt M 

By Nicholas Hariing 

ago there Spemngs Solent Stan. They had 

Totaf{7 wk!S) SI 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 2-20, 3-62, 4-62. 
5-83, B-7H. 7-76. 

been submitted for legal approval 

-w-TT- . _ _ _ . _ before they woe introduced. “I . . ^ , . 

ITnirrllt u/Ula nnnninre wn ,T mmW not have thought CUve had a Portsmouth’s defeat was the most 

Jkmgnt witn winning way 

Schools cricket by George Chesterton a Treat Bridge official said. succeeding 114-113 after two 

Felsted have just returned from 30 for 5 to 194. Martin contributing T ,^“ *. “frJKram cwtSy°tbe tate^edllists. OfxlSr 

in Australian tour. In a enneen- o an«t «K- n Lama is uTdevant as La mb s ccrumuy uic . 

can now be ruled out 
Portsmouth’s defeat was the most 

Carlton’s Influence may net, 
however, be so evident in futore, 
parity became the English company 
makes it a polky not to lay down die 
law to its players, bet also because 
the game is changing so rapidly that I 
competitors are bound to want to go 
where there is most money. 

McEnroe’s uphill battle 

New York (Reuter) - After a McEnroe win be seeking to match 
bleak 1985, John McEnroe faces a nieNastase's record of winning four 
daun t ing task in his first major Masters tournaments. His first 
assignment of 1986, the defence of success was in 1979 when he 
his Grand Prix Masters title. The defeated Arthur Ashe in the final 
toumment starts at Madison Square and be beat Lendl, a finalist five 
Garden today. years in a row. in 1984 and again 

Garden today. ^ 

i McEnroe, who felled to win a last rear. 

I grand slam tournament lost year. Though he is ranked fourth in the 
has the world’s outstanding players world, jimmy Connors is regarded 

cat la hell's chance of becoming I surprising. It was their second home 

Nora Parry, the former world notably Ivan Le 
doubles champion who has always Ida, the player ■ 
insisted that in her last year she as the world 
woald go more her own way, has teenagers, Bor 
stock to her o r igina l 4«wfinn nnf to Germany amt 
take part. The next testing point will Sweden, 
be whether some of the lp*<tf»g In contrast 
English players deride they do not year, Becker a 
wish to partake of the modest 1985 with | 
fmanctaf awards of the European winning grand 
championships in March. their twentieth 

against him in the 16-man event as an outsider. Connors faded to 

notebly Ivan Lendl, of Cfeechoslova- win a single grand prix event last 
Ida, the player who supplanted him year although he reached the semi- 
as the world No 1, and the finals in all three grand slam 
teenagers, Boris Becker of West tournaments he entered, the French 
Germany and Stefen Edberg of Open. Wimbledon and the US 

Sweden. Open. 

In contrast to McEnroe's poor DMWiiuitf (BOvT Soft) teg YNi 
year, Becker and Bribers marked CQn ™S.'H^JL H . 

1985 with gltmous successes, jwo) m KbW | 

winning grand slam titles before bnti(US):AJnndtSiw)vJNysBo 
their twentieth birthdays. J McEnroofUS)*B awn (US). 

Noah (Fr) v 
H Laconia 
C B BOCfcor 

JjSww) v J Nysuwn 

xn (Swa): 

Eugfista-quatified aad he knows it," 
a Treat Bridge official said. 

Rice’s comparison with Allan 

an Australian tour. In a Conceit- 62 and then the home team were 

loss in three games, Leicester 
succeeding 114-113 after two 
periods of over-time. Leicester are 

iss? assrisrjsssyrs 5May5.S4SLr 

Adelaide. All matches were played Felsted came in the last match when 7 eiura ™ qualify for Eng la n d. This time a basket with a secon 


Adelaide. All matches were played Felsted came in the last nutrii when 
on ■ 55 limited over basis, the Haynes made 122 against Pembroke 
Tourists winning seven of the 13 School who had made the formid- 
playcd. Adnrew Knight was the able total of 254 on the Adelaide 
most successful batsman having an OvaL This time it was Felsted who 

aggregate of 410 runs in 10 innings. 
He played a big pan in two tense 

were bowled out only -nine runs 
from victory. 

The best bowling performances 

Against Christchurch Grammar came from Cooper and Haywood, 

McCurdy doubt 

The touring Anstrafisn side beat 
Northern Transvaal by 25 runs in 
their three-day game at P reto ri a 
yesterday but lost their Cast border 
Rod McCardy in the process. 

Referee throws in the towel 

By Robert Pryce 

A Sunday newspaper writer at a from their last eight games and at practice on Saturday night, their 
game once witnessed a fight for Tunning away at die head of the list coach, Richard Bacon, resigned, 
which the chief aggressor was of most penalized premier division "One or two players have lost their 
required to serve seven minutes in teams. "We won’t change our style desire,” John Rost, the dub 
the penalty box. Seven minutes were of play," Jim Lynch, the player- chairman, said. "I am certainly not 

n#it -n-tioh til* w w num ui wv t* Tib — .k lu, M uD„t T> :„1 I i* .1 n._* 

School. Perth, he and Daubeney the openers, who relished the hard McCardy aggravated s hamstring 
Mared a nrnth wicket partnership of Australian wickets, taking 19 and 18 injury ia his fourth over snd k likety 

shared a ninth wreket partnership of Australian wickets, taking 19 and 18 injury in his fourth over snd k llkety 
50 reaching the target figure of 195 wickets respectively. . to miss the decisive international 

on . , i^.¥ Cn ^ hs FELSTED TOUR PARTY C Brat**, j against Sooth Africa on Thursday, 

made a vital 60 in Felsted S five Baitigata. B cooper. J Com, fa const) E AUBTRAUAN XI 22B (■ 0 Taytar at) Hd 326 
Wicket victory over Geelong pweinay. A Oow. D Gtfcm, T mnu, R for2d^:(PIF«a0awriaa,T«ytorlM notaal. 
CoUege, Melbourne. ggg«£ 9 

Against a Sydney G rammar TMn rany Sro^widiRLM Ptenptevy v«se» si; R c Moq^s am one T 
School XI, Fdsud recovered from QdGBwkar. au«mi 44-3). 

-v.-. V— r tl..,. c. . , + r«”V ^ MAW VUMIIIIOU, MIU. A OIU MIUUUIJ IIUI 

^ - ritt Shnma , Solent’s poach not enough, the reporter wrote. Life coach, said last month. “But we blaming Richard for that. But we 
ir frEwro 1 - must cut out the stupid penalties need a new face and a fresh 

vJl? }2§ ^ . To -that Observer, the ^ame wa that we’ve been taking." approach." Rost has resumed the 

Young __(w) th® games to see those two officials again . irredeemably tainted by its indul- Dmdw BoActe rhp nmnw awhino mlc Im> mrimMl i«n ««« 


Sibson sends a telegram 
before throwing punch 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 
If Ayub Kalulc. of Denmark, is Graham, the dancing master, can 
stripped of his European middle- himself expect to be led a dance by 
weight title by toe European Boxing Sibson. For another reason for 
Union (EBUl tomorrow (as every- Sibson wanting to fight Kaylor is 
one expects him to be) for failing to that the Leicester boxer does not 
meet Herd Graham in Sheffield on like Graham. Sibson said yesterday: 
February 5 Graham may find "It hurts me to give Graham a pay 
himself waiting for a couple of day. He has got a bad mouth, 
months at least before boxing for the Because he can’t put people down in 


Young (45) was toe game’s 
outstandi n g ma r ksman for Leices- 
ter. who have now won eight of their 
last nine games. 

Kingston went down by 100-98 to 
Manchester (Hants, which was not 
toe best preparation for last night’s 
Prudential National Cup final with 



to see those two officials again”. 

Skeogb had twisted an ankle after 
seven minutes and several other 
Solent players went into foe Cup 
final the worst for wear, although 

must cut out the stupid penalties need a new face and 

that we’ve been taking.” 

approach.” Rost has resumed toe 

Dmidee Rockets, the premier coaching role he resigned two years 

of violence. IT beO ever did division’s feast penalized team, ago. 

freeze over, ice hockey would be the 
game they would play down toer. 
Heaven knows what he would have 

FitzSiroons was quick to stress that I ev f*} t ? a J_ Nomn 8^^ m 

drew level with Murrayfield in third 
place with two comfortable away 
wins, 1 1-4 at Pfeterfaoroagh and 1 1-5 
at Streatham. Garry Unger, Dun- 

Utah Jftzz 106, Sait Antonio S|xraia2. PWad fapnfa R yw»3. , Otoo, Rrms OfWw 

ci q t lui i wiiminirr York Rnees 2, St law fart J CWcnflO 

„ - Etoifc HNCQHFgiEHCE Blw* Hrtdfa *. HwtfOrd Wtutora 2. 

W L Pet GB Wales Contarsncs 
Battgn 27 B .771 - PrtriakOMrtan 

ail m si I SSilli 

“ 8i2SS3 

CwMl favtslon NTRangera IB 21 3 83 ISO 145 


Hforiih, .1. 1,. 


(tow York 

vacant title. 

The plans of Graham's manager, 
B. J. Eastwood, who also manages 

the ring be does it outside." 

Referring to Graham's hit-and- 
run style, Sibson said: "Sparring 

Barry McGuigan. of matching his with him is tike sparring with a 
world-ranked Sheffield middle- limbo dancer, 
weight with Sambu Kalambay, of The first of his warm-ups will be 

Italy, for toe vacan t title on against Juan Elizonda, of Mexico, at 
February 5 could go right out of the Alexandra Pavilion on January 22 


For Frank Warren, toe manager 
of Tony Sibson of Leicester, win 
seek ait injection to stop that 
contest, claiming that Sibson. as toe 

on the bill topped by Terry Marsh, 
e manager who will be defending bis European 
ester, will light-welterweight title against Tex 
stop that jSTKalankete. of France. The wiry 
sou, as toe Basildon firemean has also been 

European champion wbo had to booked for a show on American 
step down because of an arm injury, television on February 23 when 
is the "preferential challenger of the fionecrusber Smith meets Mams 
European title". And just in case toe Frazier on CBS. 

EBU were thinking of felting in line Warren is trying to bring that 
with Eastwood and nominating show to London. "It’s a question of 
Kalambay to meet Graham, Warren Joe Frazier [Marvis’s ratoer-man- 
has sent the EBU a telegram to agerj coming to London. He hates 
remind them that under the rules flying", Warren said. A good 
Sibson is the leading challenger. showing by Marsh would work 

San Antonto 



LA Cappers 
Gotten Start 

w L 



26 13 


19 IS 



16 21 



16 21 



15 23 



10 26 .278 



W L 



25 12 


22 14 



21 17 



17 16 



16 21 



13 24 



W L 



29 6 


23 18 



15 22 



13 21 



12 28 



12 28 



NawJarsoyDavfa 14 25 

Campbell Contarsncs 

T Pts F A 

0 64 166 127 

4 54 163 T35 
9 48 170 153 

5 41 163 162 
3 83 ISO 145 

1 29 151 101 

both sides were equally to Name for 
the aggression. 

t Gocmany: Wo rid Cop: 

prtfa (oon4*v«d tbno, bra 
and doom Hacid (WGJ 1 
2. U AM and M 
3) 1 38-IOt 3. J H oftlfa u i 
l 13621. SiiMlaw, 1. J 
2; 2. N HttoarTO 138£0; 
1 13&62. Wood Cfa 
me 1, Ran and Hubar K 
d Staudngar (WQ) 3k 3, 
V« a SMW 1. Hubw 

on Samrday night. Five minutes dee’s player-coach, returned from Sunday night, 
from tee end,- with Nottingham his Christmas. break in Alberta to 
beating Murrayfield 10-2, a rash of score eight goals. • • - - 
fights broke out aO over the ice. Unger played in North America’s 

Ayr Brains set a premier division 
record for scoring goals and helped 
set a record for aggregate goals in 
their 25-12 win over Cfcvelsnd on 

runs): 1, S Banter ■ 
mki 35.61 see Z 
B u rg teuii wia » (WGj 
and J Platscft EG) 
Schetet WTO) 1&32; 
3, M Wttter (EG) 
atertiui Marfa prtr 
34 pe ^Sctanb and 
banter «rt Hadd (Wl 
55 104; 2, Schadat (MC 

i^^S ea ?» tl “f^ 1CeSh 2 d National Hockey League for 16 

throu » hout S Wackest 
referre, had penalized nine players period, when some teams’ game 

plan called for intimidatory viol- 
*?,,?** ^ brawl ** iasted race at its most extreme, yet he is 

eyfot muiutra. not disillusioned by his experience 

r i ^ Ce A Wl g-r ie L. Norwich Nobody at Streatham Uenjoying 
Union Cop, Murrayfield have lost his game much any more Afterfo? 
their way, gaining only six points player*’ views hurt 

Ice rink Palace possible 

T Ptt F A 
2 52 176 196 

4 SO 195 155 
7 48 1B4 151 
1 « 168 159 

5 43 156 146 

Z G KoSrtl 

: 1.C Schmidt 
13641: 5, VC 


By a Special Correspondent 

Alexandria Palace, north Iondoa, m«r. The Z’hlace is an attractive site 
gutted by fire six yean ago, amid by because insurance money recouped 
1988 be home for toe first lee ifrik of from the fire is paying for the basic I 
standard international competition sbefl. 




W L T Ptt F A 

20 17 4 44 160 187 

18 16 6 42 152 162 

16 19 7 39 168 159 

11 24 S 27 167 200 

9 26 5 28 137 225 see; 

W L T Ptt F A 

30 9 4 84 230 175 

18 20 3 39 167 192 

13 25 5 31 1S2 180 

13 26 5 81 160 206 

IS 23 5 31 144 203 

size in Britain. It is too early, to give any estimate 

The Sports Cosacfl is looking into of costs, tiie Sprats Council says, but 
tbe_ possibility of backing two rink If it agreed to the project tt will only 


Phipps can get 
back in hunt 
with good run 

projects whkb would be the national have to provide top-op money, 
training and comp e titi on centre for Additional sources of fending wfll 
ice skating and ice hockey. Cfoe riak have to he fond to meet running 
will be permanent and available costs. 

dally for pnbBe sse and trai 
purposes. The second would be 

the time. 


The tight redevelopment schedule rink to train on and 1 can’t afford to 
at AhooMb* Palace means that the go abroad", he said. “People don’t 

costs, the Sports Council says, but Nick Phipps was in fifth place 
it agreed to the project It win only overnight in toe World Cup four- 
ive to provide top-up money, p 85 ) competition in Cervinia, 
hfifional sources of funding win having been third after yesterday's 
ive to he found to meet running opening lauf (Chris Moore writes), 
six. The British champion and bis Allied 

Stephen Plckavance, Britton's Steel-sponsored crew of Bob 
ee rtrating rhamp inB, hopes the Thome, Keith Power and Alan 
torts Council wfll support the Cearns, caught toe worn of the 
heme. “It is a problem not having deteriorating conditions on their 
I ■w frfnyufftmal CODJMCftfiOD-Sizeil ££COlKL TUfl 

ik to train an and I can’t afford to Their opening time of l min 
i abroad", he said. “People don’t |07.80sec had put them well in the 

purposes. The second would be used free skating champion, hopes the 
for big skating events and covered to Sports Council will support the 
provide exhibition space the rest of scheme. “It is a problem not having 

an international competition-sized 



If toe EBU back Kalamby "there wonders for his eventual challenge 
is no way KaJam bay's fight with against the winner of toe world utic 
Graham will go on. I will seek an bout between UHdo Sacco, of 

injunction". Warren said. “We willl Argentina, MdPatrao Oliva, of 
then have to start negotiations again Italy. on March -5. Warren also 
for the fight between Sibson and nated that contrary to rcpom 

ooui ociwccn uoiao oacxo. oi ru Hihun www c» — - 
Argentina, and Patririo Oliva, of G»iotejr209.2,Norw«y 156.3. 
Italy, on March 25. Warren also 



Marsh had not given up his British 

A mean aad hungry Sibson title and would be defending it once 
claimed that he is “ready to do the be is overhis commitments, 
job" and that he is “so dangerous __ 7 
not that it is scary”. But he said that \y 31*1*011 COUP 
he would really like to meet Mark Sr 

Kavlor. "It is Meal for the box Brian Schumacher, of Liverpool, 
office," Sibson said “He is the only twice Amateur Boxing Association 
filter who has done anything in the rniddleweighi champion and cap- 
last 12 months and after what he did uin of the British team in the 1984 
to Christie he is the man to fight.” Olympic Ames, has turned pro- 

Warren has made Kaylor an offer fessionaf and will be managed by 
of £30,000 to meet Sibson but Frank Warren. Schumacher, a 
Kaylor’s manager, Terry Lawless, -former Royal Navy diver, win box 
said that the Wes Ham boxer is as a light-heavyweight and makes 
booked up for three contests. his debut next month. He won his 

If Warren succeeds in getting the a BA tides in 1981 and 1984 but 
EBU to rule in Sibson’s favour in could not defend last year b ec a us e 
the event of Kalulc being stripped, he was on duty in the Fa D d anris 


England turn to Leeds 

— _ _r r rrr r r Hub mingbam) and Karen Meflor 

sc in The toe se^^^iffiiiglimD parfeu- 

*^^ B T$s w krc wnssnnsSvh 

i» a [4-strong Yorkshire- ■ teMte. SPeite (Wg» wtert « D 
^ a SttrtrtHStodipqrt 

(City of Bir- PansuMiteHaSSrgwrCbfcB* 

P W D L F A Ptt 
Htelax 1711 3 3 3t4 229 25 

OHtnun 17 9 4 4 369 274 22 

HUM 15 10 2 3 2S2 Z24 22 

Won 15 10 1 4 416 156 21 

HUlKH 13 10 0 3 264 184 20 

LMdS 16 9 2 5 313 281 20 

WWrtafltWl 15 8 0 8 335 223 18 

Hul 15 8 Z 5 327 232 18 

SiHatora IB 7 2 7 837 318 16 

CBStetanl IS 7 0 8 294 271 14 

EtStati 6 7 0 B 248 318 14 

Swtman 19 6 0 13 240 422 12 

Bradford N 17 6 0 12 259 319 10 

YoA 18 5 0 13 227 358 ID 

F te tfM i rt d IS 3 2 11 214 382 8 

item 18 4 014 196 484 8 

Sports Council need to act quickly realize bow handicapped our skaters 1 r unnin g for a medal, but as snow 
sad reach a decision by mid-sum- .are." | slowed the track they came down in 

1 ■ a* - ■ 1.08.46 on their next descent. 








WofWng to r 





17 16 0 1 a 12 19B 32 

1714 D 3 509 172 28 

18 14 0 4 388 206 a 

18 13 1 4 317 IK 27 

17 13 0 4 413 206 28 

18 10 0 8 421 318 20 

17- B 0 8 357 345 is 

17 9 0 B 2£6 288 IS 

19 9 0 10 292 396 18 

17 8 0 9 331 351 16 

17 8 0 9 302 345 16 

17 6 1 10 274 285 13 

16 S 0 10 288 341 12 

15 6 1 9 215 347 11 

17 4 1 12 232 413 9 

19 3 1 12 210 400 7 

1| 3 0 15 240 456 6 


QUESTS cuuae Crt a to o n iw a ttiu Pototee 
Cteg y lonettt p: eacood Bcmd: T M Bmdenefl 
and 0 RucSMCaana bt T B Qoctaoft and A 
MsMnson 15-9, 18-16, 9-15. 1M, 15* 


S£S j; aiTfama 
.aas,fe D w -sr M) * e 

Lang calls for reform of 
World Cup programme 

Phipps, however, is still only 
0.01 sec behind Waller DcUekarch, 
of Austria, who is fourth. 

With a better draw in today’s 
third Lauf. when he is among the 
early starters, a good run could put 
him back in the hunt But the fear 
last night, after it had snowed all 
day, was the danger of today’s final 
two lauEs 'having to be cancelled. 

founder and organizer of the Alpine Bv reducing the world enp to 12 

world cujx called for reforms weekends a season, each with two Italy (Won, BoC*T^rG^to!rrcai ^i4.ov 
yesterday after yet another race was races, Lang believes the event would *■ Attea (PeteKarro. wora. ife. t^oo 
lost to the weather. He said the be more att ra cti v e to television r<£rS?-ii | t77 tuln ’ tPWpp “- Tcrne ' P»ttr. 

pjogmnuite should be drastically To achieve this, resorts which — 

reduc ed, the number of competitors stage annual races, such as CMAUf bennnv«> 

^^reted and pnzeraoney mtro- narmi«rh KJttouebel in Austria SNOW REPORTS 

»h A : c a* 141 Wengen in Switreriand, would Austria 

WnHrt* - run ^ to a S rec 10 holding their events Depm stus 

Worid °*P rommute e. b elieves oa jjtemate years: “The national °< Wmttiw 

pnze-money should be paid out at federations all agree the programme Iamm». Jl “ ptate - *C 

^ *5*"* should he cut to iSq I I ^ 

OF toe world cup standings and not exit their own." Lang said 45 - _ 3 

ai individual races. He proposed . . , . , . . Karuorai so 120 5 

that the competition shouldbe u Lang « also in favour of reduong Mv yhoU ro so - . If 

reduced from this season’s 71 races 

Lang is also in favour of red 
the number of competitors in 

to just 24, with events hdd at race ,l° 60 J* 11 . 1 admitwl dial this , 
weekends only. would make it more difficult for 

wraees PA CUP; FIwSi rote: From 1. 
MB—n 4; a B ite 4 Pmton Rsnptra 3; 
Atebury 2 no Mte as 0: BouttMfeS 0, Si 

«. r ... , _ ... newcomers to break into the world 

So far this season IS races, half cupcireuii. 
the number scheduled, have been 

postponed or switched to new A nnfllOl' fino 
venues because of insufficient snow - lUlvlUCl lUlv 
or poor weather. The men’s super- TJ .11 

giant slalom here yesienfay was the. WUQ IOF ofill 

M&nin B* 1 of Britain, has won I 
°} « Mizza rd. A p rewras attempt to ^ ^ant slalom at the British I 

*** ” bea AlpinTSuSShiS in % MoriS , 

damage o toe p ist e. Three days ago he won toe downhill 

. The wmen s downfall and super- in Ausaia. He has now left for 
gamrtalom race s sc he du led for last Kitztahd to begin training for toe 

Worid Cu P tiownhai event on 
West Germany, wffl now be held m January 17 and 18. 






L U 



40 100 


- -3 

« 120 



- -3 

50 120 



20 50 

— ^ 

to -65 


80 120 

* tl 

to in 

> -2 

70 100 


-m —J 

40 70 


Martin Bell of Britain, has won 
i tiie gant slalom at the British 

failed when ram Alpine championships in St Moritz. 


Adefccxfen 45 70 

Charapwy to 100 

Davos 70 120 

Lmrafai 80 100 

C ram Mo mm a 40 BO 

SteS-FM 50 M 

45 70 Pwdr _ 
« 100 Pwdr - 
70 120 Pwdr _ 


A ^ 
S3? : i 
- ■+ 
Pwfa- - 

Vincent, France, 

Mm sra TO Nrt tt a at jm g telMnjtWwr — RUGByiffflON 

SSSfSSaaiSS AteS^ 

Wte GC 1;WS t1a Cc mmao d 2, Uncs 2. 


Hounekm 5, Kanntte 1. 


Ccrabte y a nyfo aaa v ^ Ratfowai Itete tettaawn 5, 0 
5) 25, BarimxtmZ 

Thursday and Fri day, Th is Sunday’s fS£gnon 

'^ eSt acilicvin 8 winning results against tengm 
Germany will take place as toe .world’s best racers in the last iLesAe* . 



ptrnwto But a second giant slalom, month. 
cancMfed in Ha us, Austria, last RESULTS: 1. M M 1 
month and switched to Obentau&n MBtytti(Ge}L2&85; 

2 ndns 28.10 sac. Z. 



Yal tfWre 



L U 
50 150 
115 140 

S l 50 

05 110 

S9 165 
* 120 
S 10s 

a iaa 
75 no 

«* Waattwr 
P»B - -c 



Wallabies are out 
to settle a score 

By George Ace 

Queensland make three changes 
from the ti^am which lost in Leinster 
in Dublin on Saturday f at the gam*- 
against Ulster at RavenhiQ tonight. 
The only rfian y behind the scram 
is Hanley on the right wing lor 
Grigt. Rob Lawton is at loose head 
for Crank and Coker takes over at 
lock from Campbell. The side 
includes seven internationals with 
the brothers, Rob and Tom Lawton, 
in the front row. 

Lynagh, stand-off played in the 
centre of the Australian team that 
lost to Ulster in 1984 Wallaby tour 
as did Tom Lawton and McIntyre. 

Ulster are not so fortunate 
following a spate of weekend 
injuries which threatened to disrupt 
the side which is already minus four 
internationals in Irwm, Gossan, 
Carr and Anderson. The loose head 
prop, Kennedy, . of London Irish, 
pulled out yesterday with a back 
nyury, the full bade, Rainey, has no 
more than an evens dwni* after an 
ankle knock in the Irish trial and the 

centre, Hewitt, has a badly braised 
thigh, a legacy from a hard fought 
game at Deramore on Saturday 

b e twe e n North and CMlqpiwiy 

WQlie John McBride, the chair- 
man of selectors, said yesterday: “I 
have called a meeting for tonight 
but there is a distinct possibility font 
we win not finalize the awm until 
tomorrow. It’s unfortunate but it 
means that players who have been 
in the squad from the start of the 
season will be called upon and I am 
certain they will not Jet ns down. 
They are januKar with our pattern 
of play and have been champing at 
the bit to have a go.'* 

. .. P Brtwwi 

(London MahL J 

ion MahL J 
(Makma£ D 

captain, a a 


Mu tuar (BenaorL 

OUBOdLMdk'R OonW opt; It Hantoy, A 

Cater, D lY— lay. J Qwdnar. &!! ■■ ■- . 
Mnw R G Baambti (Latette). 

Rafter takes charge 

Mike Rafter, the former England 
flanker, has charge of the prep- 
arations being made by the South 
and Sooth West schools for their 
meeting' at Sherbourae tomorrow 
with the unbeaten Australian 
schoolboys (David Hands writes}. It 
is the fourth En gtfeh match of the 
tour, the third having taken place at 
Moseley on Saturday where the 
Midland Schools lost 54-0: 

Kardooni, the Sherbourae scram 
half capped in die 18 group 
international against New Zealand 
last season, will captain the South 
who select from 1 1 counties. 

He has several 16 group 
internationals in his team and two 
players, Gillow on the wing and 
Haag, the lock, who have already 

England 18 group selecton wifi 
watch all the regional games against 
the Australians before choosing a- 
40-strong squad for a final trail on 
January 25 after which the team to 
play Australia at Twickenham at on 
January 29 win be named. 


Cotega). PgSow 

(Ratfruto CS), P YoanjAyiMbwy GS), 3 Nca 
fftayto late OS). JWraaa (Ow ns Cotega, 
Tauntaij. D Candy (Ptymouh CofloooJ, A 
Kwdoad (S&arboumefcapt), N F&SteB 

(Bishop's Stanford 
Brand*! - *), D Jeter 
(Veniwti), J HoroMa 
■ Haag (Ponwffli Bl 
Branawi'gL J Burr 
Lcraoby (Strode Q. I 

mouth CXOogol A 
apt), MRogM 
or A Shim (a 
star CJ, R Hrarard 
drarastorDran CL 
■ q, M Cram (Sr 
i (Brighton q, e 
M sranaiMi 

Ureter (fflroteC). REPlACSMBWS: 1 8Mh 
(Wflfaway CS). R Parish West BucktandL B 
May (Chtoteriam GSj, A Read (RQS High 
Wycombe), Hogdati or Sbaip, K AIM 

RFU examining 
referee case 

The Rngby Football Union are 
looking into the case of David West, 
who was banned by tbe Devon 
Referees’ Society after sending off 
seven players. 

Mr West, from Paignton, who has 
not refereed a match all season, said 
every dismissal was for foul play 
and Be was -backing up the RFLTs 
caX to stamp out violence on the 

“I asked Twickenham to help and 
have received a letter from them 
saying they already have the details 
and are looking into the case”, be 
raid. “I fed it is necessary to take 
these steps to dear my name and i 
reputation in the field." i 

Friday meeting likely to discuss contacts with rival code 

Barbs of BARLA may prove 
prickly for new RFU secretary 

When die Rugby Football Union 
committee meets on Friday they are 
likely to be told, among other things, 
the name of the new secretary who 
will succeed Air Commodore Bob 
WefehiU at foe end of this season. 
Arising from the mhmtei of the 
e x e cu t i ve co mmit tee, there way abo 
he some dwcuwion of recent 
contacts with the British Amateur 
Rr^&y League Association (BAR- 

The new secretary b likely to find 
Soria an ongoing problem. Several 
barbs an already attached to the 
flesh not only of the RFU but the 
Welsh Rugby Union over foe 
question of a free gangway bet w e e n 
rugby anion and amateur rugby 
1 league and the suspension by die 
WkU of Steve Ford, the Cardiff 
wing, who took part fat three trials 
for a professional Rugby League 

That the barbs are cast inaccura- 
tely does not worry the opponents of 
>nb union. In both respects, the 
titwgish and Welsh anions are 
I Mowing the rating of the Intar- 
I national Rugby Football Board (IB) 
[who draw np foe rules on 
araateurlara, though of comae a 
member of foe IB can propose a 
1 change in the rales, which is what 
ijterfa are seeking 

!vav Williams, secretary of foe 
'wstl has already dismissed foe 
2? aid cry over Ford, though be 
win find accasafoms of discrinp- 
Imtffoa wBl continue. The rates m 
Fasti’s «*a*e are writ large m each 
IJjSrt handbook if any ptayvv 



'.J^LSVchange them hot that is 
fSg^S^foc rule rotating 

to participation hi professional trials 
has stood for many years and I find 
it hard to believe and player could be 
unaware of It. 

The debate over BARLA is much 
more complex. The RFU believe 
font accasafoms made against them 
are un&ir and, in some cases, 
inaccurate. Air Commodore Weis-’ 
hffl points out that it was Ms union 
*b*t, some four years ago, rec- 
ommended the IB remove restric- 
tions against two a mat e ur s within 
BARLA which came into being in 

“There are now no barriers to the 
mov eme nt of amateur players 
between the two codes," he said. 
“This tow imy, in both direc- 
tions, may take place as often aa the 
individual wishes and as long as tbe 
ctnbs on either side will pot np with 

“It was noted that amateur 
players within BARLA are req ui red 
to transfer properly from one dab to 
another Os there a *free gangway’ 
within BARLA?). We considered 
that if BARLA has that arrange- 
ment within its own organization 
then it would be fair and reasonable 
to set the same procedure between 
oar codes. That is what we did and it 
is that to which BARLA is now 

“If a player wishes to play foe 
other code we maintain that he 
sboold properly transfer Ms mem- 
bership and his aDrgiance for the 
following reasons: there mast be 
order in foe m o vemen t of players 
between dobs; control is necessa r y 
so that distipfine can be maintained; 
Ihe maintenance and nnturing of 

dub loyalty and standards is a 

matter of considerable importance 
and in our view would be 
und er mi ned by a free gangway; RFU 


! FroUMRovar Trophy 

oauthotn Section 




— taAQUBt Sob*""* 


: Layton Whs 
v Hampton. 

BndbM v Sun down* _qhaby v Stocks: 
Mdkteabrough v Buntov CTM. 

Quran* Paric Ran gara CnttI Ptov 
Bhninglmn C hattel (Z J): 

Portsmouth v Mflwal (Mfc Sn w n a i v 
Norwtoti OJA. 

London SENIOR CUP: Wra* raun± Haringay 



FA YOUTH CUP: T hMitra ta raptor, Araontov 

WELSH CUPs loop e d maK): CWyneW v 

cmiSSSifeHEa: UWtor V Wuaa mwl ma (at 
HavanHB Wjmoun Ateon v RAF (7.1$. 


dMatoK Sham Manchoatw Unltad v Crystal 
Pataca (&0K 




France lose Galllon and 
Champ against Scotland 

By David Hands, Rugby Corespondent 

OaliSSf 6 ^ ost Jerome Berbizier, for all his 15 caps, new French replacement scrum 

smiza naif, for is more vulnerable under half is Guy Ramon (NarbonneV, 
.2*J? ons P 1 ™ who captained his country in 

SSdmMfcfiSd Nevertheless, Berhmer, aged ® i ?S]SS >na1 ' 8881x151 

fe.Hc is^SSd bS 27, who changed chibs SS Wales last October. 

Beibiaer, his constant rival Lowxk 5 to Agen before this The Scots had a scare over 
OVCT thftnact season, has been DiaYina BS weH their serum half when Rnv 


' •V' r. 

L €**•• •• 

>v * . ,, , •••• . 

v’ * / . 

» • J . J 4 



suit Half 


By Mandarin 

. * ' — — vuauip, UK i mi inn . J « _ ■ . _ --w— — - — _ — l — 

n^foer, wife a fractured hand st ? IK *^ 3 “ Lmy Laporte; because of a gram strain. He 

He is replaced by Dominique T' 1 ™ wilom he P«yed five will have a fitness test tomor- 
Je-rfani, Champ is expected to be tmcnia t ionais m 1981. He will row evening, but the selectors 
out of action until February 9 a ~° o® serving his dub are optimistic he will be able to 
'Yhich means he will miss the £? Dea 8fle, Daniel Dubroca, the join the squad in training on 
game against Irdand. French 'captain, who has been Thursday. 

?«ed 30, twisted a Should he withdraw, the way 

1851 wcek i 1x0 ^ would be dear for Stuart 

To ^ on on Sunday over ^ same Job Johnston to join his brother, 

andwthdrew from the squad france - David, in the side, thus giving 

yc®«roay. ms absence wfli not . Dubroca 1 s apprenticeship Scotland an unprecedented two 
~f cress , the Scots, who, lilre the may have some way yet to go: pairs of brothers: the Hastings 
r~T . “Onie countries, have he lost two heels against the brothers, Gavin and Scott, 
c onsid erable respect for his head on Sunday during Agen’s make their debuts together on 
talent and may feel .Jht 12-3 defeat against Dax. The Saturday. 

up against 

British Polytechnics play their 
first repres en tative match of the 
season tomorrow when they meet 
Public School Wanderers at Old 
Deer Park (David Hands writes). 
Three of their backs, Holstock, 
Jones and Murphy, have already, 
acquires considerable senior experi- 
ence with Nottingham while, of the 
forwards, Edwards and Mantel are 
regulars with Rosslyn Park. 

For tbe first time in seven years, 
the final of the British Polytechnics 
Cup competitor!, to be played on 
March 5 at London Irish, will 
involve neither Wales nor Bristol. 
Both teams were knocked out 
daring the qualifying rounds. 

BrtMi Pofr toBE nlc Jv PuMc School 
Windorara tomorrow}: I WaSaca nanostonL 
□ HoMstock (traoMM), C Jama (TrartL 3 


Heading for a fall: Giollaretta leads file field in the Shopwyke Selling Chase at Fontwell yesterday. However, he 

capsiwiri two fences later with the race at his raercy 



ran). xm> 

good to Ann. Nov 27, ■ ra»J. 

Going: good to aoft 

HURDLE (£654: 2m 4Q (16 lutners) 

2 0 SlHAM QUEST (Mrs 8 Austin) P Gurtte 4-11-8 

8 WM 

7 303400- 

8 222D41 


HANDICAP Z- 45 SANDS NOVICE CHASE (£880: 3m 600yd) (10) 

1 poa/en NEHA (F LimQ R Ftahar 7-1S-1 

— NMauns 3 mSa aSan^^n^iAMpS f)M^Mon)W a srqJwnaon 7-W-i 

WbodhoHB 4-11-3 

Jaypa Thooy aon 


MBariy 11-11-5 


_ J Ka mawad ft-11-8 

JadnoiflU WEutwtyS-IIJI PTtefc 

N P Uddw 8-11-0 MrJQubn7 

W A snohmoR 6-11-0 H Lamb 

5-10-7 - m Dwyer 

3 Noma, 7-2 Historic Houaa, 4 Oonrodha Stmm, M Jot's Fancy. 8 BfetaratoHa, 10 Not 

043334 JOG'S FANCY (P 
warns, NOT EASY (Mrafi 

1*1-55 BtcKERsnmp 

21 ^MWchaBC 11 rw*. tor’ EASY (1 doj levy art ofis iT Hytog Oaim nO-7)‘hC4iVria'hanefcap 

"--. hmdnmid mmlhat Z1J3ld (Mny, Dac 18L nCKEHSTAm WM Banal on watt run; IM MM 

Bbjr, 14 Golden Socrat 18 otoara. 

o 4C mbimib umnM uintni e mie.4n jn/1fl\ 

to HOBOURMTS QHL (10-7) stayed on to bra t Stay Ttndar ( 

Ufa. ES13. soft. Dec 8, 8 ran}. MTECF aPRMOnrfT) 1BM1 
tOtM (2m 41 sal Kcm hdto. ES87..goodJQ «oft. Dac »..15_ 
mi boat Zulu Wantarne-ts 30 at Perth Cm sai heap Mo, E41 
LY ATHLETIC (10-7) to MaWot nO^tt Crtfc ewtor ( 

1 a haad with QOLBBN SECRET (10-5) IB tortiar bads to Sib (Si — 

Mltaagtera ^ ^ J 

LM p Moftall 4-1 P-10 J CWSomwi S FORM: ISM (10-3) baat Crfckatoam (IM) haad at ^rrJSm 

StatnftJ Skalton HM -___Sbaran Jamas 3RD TON (Ira) last conuMad oudng when 8VU 4th at 8» I 
W8 M Atiaon S-108 — PThompagnfi Ch. E747. Am. Oct TV CLCTTOCHE BTWEAM fit ' 

. N CtwnbariNn 5-104 

Thompaonfi ch. £747. firm. 
McCaakBB novch.027. 
A Fans! HOUSE 
MHctwBS 11 

Motown (10^ haad at Ayr (2m tm ch. £1^438, aoft Jan Z 8 ran). 
-d outing Yrfxtn am 41h o< Bto Its A C«odt fU-U hare (3m & nor 
■■■■■ . n (1 1-3) to Kobo (2m Bt 

HM2) VJbKhkt 3sd. HK 

■< mnrdv 22.188, heavy. Dac 28, 

m 3rt Ol 13 to FMto Oala (10-7) to CaflNa haodteap lutfe t2m «, 
U8EK3 I AWE wal Itawi on Waal run; Hat aaaaon p&j) baat 
Rotoo (2m 41 nov htia. £553, aoh. Jra 9, 14 ran).H^ 

sol hda. ES13. noB. Dac 8, 1 
SodgsflekJ (2m 41 sal ffera 
aaaaon boot Zulu WaRfcrl 
PHUT ATHETIC (10-7) 3 
n04S a haad wtti OOTOQl 
M15. good. Nov 19. 9 ran). P 

ssesssssfiS : 1 

Tandsr (10-7) 12 at Soutfwal 
OF 8PRMa (10*7) IBftH 
good to soft. Dee 28. 15 

3.15 CASSOP NOVICE HURDLE (£748: 2m 4f) 08) 

Half Asleep, a consistent per- 
former under both codes, looks an 
o utstan d in g wager to dray *°P 
weight in the Scdgcfirid Paddock 
Bookmakers Handicap Hurdle at 
the Qevtbnd conrae this aflernoon. 

. Bin Ebay’s five-year-old tas won 
five times nod only once fimsnea 
- out of tbe first six in 13 outings over 
hardies. This s w iff*” 1 she has taken 
fan advantage of her lenient 
handicap mark to win three 
handicaps over 2ft '"'ka and her 
only dis ap p o inting effort came at 
Sundown Park in November when 
she failed to hot out an extended 
two miles five fUrlongs over that 
>! testing course. 

My n *p re tn P 1 * to two miles 
today and fofft should suit her down 
... u> tin- ground as she has been 
'?> travelling well ax that distance in all 
Si her races fan season and twice won 
well over the minimum trip last 
in addition, she twice 
finished second to Tael os over 
Kelso's two miles that form 
looks all the better in the light of foe 
. hitter’s excellent fourth, in the Irish 
iwever, me Streeps Hurdle at Lcopardstown on 

Sonny One Shine has shown 

ktj.TS^anl to substantial improvement on his 
nagb pwj 2a at p^yjonj form to win bis las t wo 
races and was particularly impres- 
sive when scoring by 12 lengths at 
Ayr 12 days ago. However, he has 

- beaten little of note on other 

occasion and. to my mind, looks for 

-fi too dose to Half Asleep in the 

Mr M Tbo mgiun 4 handicap. 

~ ABrown However Sonny .One Shincc 
fores, I expect his trainer, Rrchanl 
in-Tfr Allan, to win the Brandon 
J TlS* Conditional Jockeys’ Selling Handi- 
□wyar cap Hurdle with Ruy. My selection 
lekaratolto, 10 Not won two sellers in the space of 24 
hours when trained by Harry Bell a 
•oft. Jon z 8 ran), couple of seasons ago and her form 
■nj.tora (hn Era season foduded a dose third to 

the useful Freeflow in a non-handi- 
aa. hraw. Djca. cap at Perth, 
mp iurOb Om«. The booting of the talented Peter 

Niven for Raby looks a significant 
one and Niven could be on tbe mark 
again in the Cassop Novices' 
Hurdlec when he rides Christmas 

3d at Perth gm Mijra^htte, Z41 

good, Nov 19. 9 r 


2 ran). 

esc foi- 

ls 481 to TMS 

. _ Md.2m4fMllKto. 

kO) inphnad behind OrUot Itamiwn (107) at 
For You (1 : ^ at Wetm. ; =qr (2m Ml h'cap hdlt. 

24008 CAFER30N 
443222 CHtaSTMAS 

T Reed 4 

by-the-Sea stable where he is 
assistant trainer. 

Christmas Holly was second for 
the third time in six weeks when 
during home Joint Sovereignty at 
Lento Newcastle on Saturday 

Golden Ty, the surprise Welsh 
M Dwyer National runner-up, has his first run 
ss*tera7 since the Chepstow race in the 

Geo«*c Mulcaster Memorial Cup 

■Ride but faces a formidable task with 1 2st 
7lb and the progressive So lares is 
much preferred. Jade Berry's siix- 
.lOBeeuir we*. year-old feu when 401b out of the 
■SI'SJ hamUcap in the Rowland Meyrick 

Holly for Mary Revefey's Saltburn- 
by-the-Sea stable where he is 

Sedgefield selections 

By Mandarin 

1.15 Raby. 1.45 Ivacop. 2.15SoIares. 2.45 Crammond Brig. 3.15 Ch m t ma s 
Holly. 3.45 HALF ASLEEP (nap). 

By Michael Sedy 

1.45 Ivacop. 2.15 Solares. 3.45 SONNY ONE SHINE (nap). 

12 000340 DOUGHTY REBEL 


18 oooo4 o’SMmtnvHc 

19 pp- PRAEUESM8 

23 0000 ROYAL REPLY 

25 0000 SR3U20H 

29 0401 8R0XTRE 

33 00/4000 DOHEQO 

41 00400 BALLS’ 

42 00 LOW MOOR (□ 

43 000 ROBUMflBra 

44 240fD OAME TRACK (R 

6-4 ChrtMmn HoBy. 4 Bad Springs. 5 Ftabatm, 8 Caoereon. 8 Low Moor. 10 Beau YY Me*. 

FORM: CAPERSON filial ta iled ertflnfirat runjw 2jnortJ?_«tong «Wi 8CMIKTDOL (1148_to 

1.45 SEDGEFIELD HANDICAP CHASE (£1,1 77: 2m 40(7) 
4 04RP4SP 0*WBOIM9Eja«a>eoDevelopmento)R JaRrayiD-n-B 
■ WIO W BL ESS^WgAtecrtow) CAiaxinder frl 1-0 — 

v ni^a ZSSmcEZm Chase at Wetherby on Boxing Day 
™ ^Uft^iiI'Tf rS doIwtt? bjn tod previously^ won well at 

L Baser) J HNdane 11-10-11 pOex) R Lento 

Denetop Gam (10-9) here on 0« 22 no* lata, EK8. good to 

™* /iQ-imtiMt term when hat orer a Knotfi 4tft to Sey Gamer flt-g) it Nempralle (2m now hdle, 
fa«&goodtoeon.Nov1A15«i4. a ele rReirB I H I 5FRWQS. | 


• jFtaGaraid s-10-1 

1 fBF) (J Fwraghacl J BtrGerakl 9- 
(CHuntor Lt^M Naiqhton 8-104) 



8-4 Border KnUtt; 2 hnoop, 5 Weight Problem. 9 OnepromiM, 12 Snow Oenad, 20 Legal 
Emperor, 33 Rathcavnen Less. 

(£1,470: 2m) (16) 

21-1101 IWLFASLEB* 

start lest eraaon no-1- 41 3rd to Powder Horn pu-0) e* DoncnOT - 1 
Feb 25, 8 ran). BORDER XMGKr(11-4| l»l Bwn®i9iBoynO-4)« il 
back In 3rd tteraj&n b'cap ch. El .804. good to«oft. Dee 2ft 7i wto 
BA to Soierae piMZBtCWtale (Stni h'cap dL £1^48. henry, Dac 19 

■terton) C Bsey S-1 1-13 „ 

M H bmtfnrtjy B-1 1-7 

a) D Yeoman 6-11-4 

Cane) B Atom 6-11-4(7 ex) 

^1 5 GEORGE MULCASTERMERAORIAL CUP (Handicap chase: £1,433: iso 
3m 600yd) (7) 8 S 

1 3-oOne GOLDB1TY(Crg(VHen QVHaS8-1g-7 ... MrA0rimey7 21 4 

3 MM23 UTILE reENCMUN^l) (E Robeon) E Babaon 13-10-12 MrTHeed4 23 

4 300414 SUCCEEDED iq»u Wnter) W A «ephenecn 9-10-10 - .. . J CJonee a & 

6 22011/1 CASA KWPE fcu(y Thompson) D Lee 11-1 0-10 ASOtoger o^qj 

1 21-1101 HALF ASLES* (CJJ) (N Hatherton) C aeys-l ws — 

§ sss sffiSaastevfc: 

4 023011 SONNY ONE 8H9IE ID) (DKinrtB AIM 5-tt-4 Pen) 

0 4020/04 nUANJOJP Bntal] 

7 001430 DCMfr ANNOY NEl 
9 14-0000 FRBICN NEPHEW I 
ID 0311-00 SHARP SONG (D) f. - .... 

11 00004/0 APHUT1VO (Cuntorie Ldniri MMZtawnS-IO^L-j. 

12 OMOto DUKE OF DdLL»(mffln(W9torey)W Storay 7-104 

13 OftMO THOIfflaLAIICHmpGrwlRGrayr-IM ^ 

16 0-02000 DWWTRIXO*mSB«jdoain)J4q{wieon&-1M- 

17 042120 riNGLE BSl « (CO) (R Hmo^ G Moora 4-1M — 

18 322H2 OGWEaiANjmM Bawkaqfll BowtarMW ■ - 

21 43p-001 PR)CEO»4^vrEm(JCaher«DMpftaa8-1(M) 

23 p(p-u WWTHEB(W Heye*) NBycroftB-IWJ 


Mm 2tkMn MM 

RWMsker 6-11-0 
h 5-10-10 

PA Ferre* 4 

A Brawn 

immw— J w mwrana 

J K Ktoane 

M Dwyer 

14) ^HBoggan 
rno Thompnon 7 
—Ms® F Storey 
—S Charlton 

M HR 7 

M Ha m m o nd 

— JD Davies 7 ; 
— — KTeetai 

9 21-4100 KTOPAPROiWEfGFamdon LSD JVWBOO M0-1 
10 2-23411 SOLARES (CD) (JBwrylJ Berry B-1 0-1 

VJadcaon)J Aider 10-1IMI MraVJeckiwn 

BmtoTiMl jvmmi a.10.1 hhaGRMa «3B8fc HALF ASLEEP 

Sonny One Shtaa. 7-2 HNf ANeep, 8 Morait ftala. 8 Fl*eoOo*e, lODuneglan, 
M Dolls, 18 others- 

12 Dover. 14! 

Carlisle on which form he holds 
Little Frenchman (third) and 
Succcedcdd (fourth). Phil Tuck, who 
rides Solares, has a less obvious 
chance on O*mmond Brig in the 
Sands Novices' Chase, but Mick 
Easterby’s mare gets the test of 
stamina she needs for the first time 
this season. 

Following handicap hurdle wins 
at Caxterick and Ayr last season. 
Crammond Brig started fourth 
fovouriu for the Coral Golden Final 
at Cheltenham. She was no match 
for Von Trappe and company there 
but she jumped wriQ when sixth to 
Cottage Leas over 2 Vi miles at 
Sedgefield on Boxing Day and will 
relish today’s extended three miles. 

5-2 Sotarea 7-2 Golden TV. 9-2 Cara Kripe, 0 LM* Henchman, 8 Succeeded. 10 Bwh 
Guide, 12 Keep A Promise. 

Dec 11. 15 
(11-3) with 

(wot Sr Ui 
9 unseated 

4t d'cep fid*. Ei&m. soft 
Dkttoxl to CNpped Metal 

policy ta Do d bc o magB the over- 
playing of young players. 

“The RFU hopes float both 
aimtcnr codes will prosper for, with 
the decline of sport in schools, we 
hare a challeng e, an opportunity and 
a doty to make sore that all the 
h ffTfff P * T of our team sports are 
available to so m a n y boys and young 

Essentially the jnoblea for 
Rugby Union b con fi n e d to 
Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cambria 
where both codes of rngby vie for the 
same play era. However, BAKLA's 
expression of hope that their code 
will expand nationwide ovs the next 
decade means ragby onion most be 
on its mettle to ensare their game 
proves the mare attractive option. 

It is, therefore, sot without 
s ign ific e n ce that LuecasUre hare 
organized area leagues for the Aral 
time thb season at ander 13, 14, 15 
and 16 age levels. Over 20 ctnbs are 
involved in the leagues which 
develop Into play-offs next ™nfl» 
and finals at Newtoo-te- Willows on 
March 9. 

Lancashire were hi foe van hi 
organizing foe Girobank Northwest 
Leagues at the beginning of thb 
season, which hare attracted all 
praise since their inception. The 
same sponsors are behind the new 
Jmrior scheme which fa adu dab teie d 
by foe Lancashire Youth Rugby 
Committee and involves Waterloo, 
FyHe, Vale of Lane, Broughton 
for*. Preston Grasshoppers, West 
Pufc, Leigh, Whines, Aspnll, 
Wigan, Kernel, De La Salle, Caldra- 
Vale, UttieboronglL Rochdale, 
Sedgley Perk, Menrhr rtf r Brtr- 
nage, Choriey, and North Man- 
chester. - 

David Hands 


Blackpool reject 
£10,000 offer 
for Waddell 

Blackpool Borough have turned 
down an offer of £10,000 from their 
fellow second division chib, Car- 
lisle, for Hugh Waddell. Blackpool's 
fion row forward, who played for 
Fn giimrf against Wales at Ebow Yak 
last year (Keith MackHn writes). 
Blackpool value Waddell in foe 
£20,000 class. 

Bramley have made an approach 
to Oldham for Tom Naidoie, the 
second row forward who lost his 
place in fa* first tesm and is now an 
the transfer list. 

If Shaun Wane, tbe Wigan front 
row forward, is suspended by foe 
disciplinary committee on January 
30 be will «"»«« the Great Britain 
under 21 game with France at 
Whitehaven. Video evidence 
deared foe Wigan booker, Nicky 
Kiss, of an offence at the last 
TTM-r ring of the committee but at the 
aametune showed that Wane was 
the culprit, ■ 

SftB&SKf Course specialists 


4) 21 at Kelso wflh DUKE OF DOUJ3 flO-nn ifiVtl away Bin pm IriapMle. 1 
toa-duke oroatmrn-3) bed noon wfon axti «i to ufeaWm-iO) 
Qm 1Mi , caphciB l C2J75, Ann, Sep 28,11 ra^TMOUfltaLLri 8-7)81 ted to 

llvlnnora (ram 

Noufnaham I 

rartL^ TMOLE BBLLfl 8-7)81 frto to LMto Stoop (lO-ftl 
W22. 15 ran). PRKEOnoVE (10-SQ beat Chnrron (1C 

7arunnws. 2SJ%; A Scott 15 btao 90. 25 j3%; 

■ 1' Omul GmHiMWn lHl MK 

^ loft Jen 3. B ran). 

JOCKEY® R E ai iranwr 11 wbinara Irani 88 
rides. 19.0%; r Lamb a fram 1B4, 152%: A 
Brown 12 tram 103, n.7%. 

Wolverhampton Yest 

double for pontweU Park 
absent Rimeli 

Mercy RimeD, the Kinnersley 
trainer, left on Sunday for her 
annual winter break in Barbados 
and her assistant, John McConni- 
chie, brcru^it off a double at 
Wolverhampton with flic stables 
first two r unner s since. Mrs Rixndl 
will return in time to saddle the 

1983 champion hurdler; Gaye Brief; 
for the Fred RimeD Hurdle at 
Hereford, run in memory of her late 
husband. • 

Golden Friend appears to have 
regained his confidence after a 
couple of frightening feds two 
seasons ago. He jumped superbly 
yesterday lo gain his third win from 
six outings this campaign in the 
Cement City Handicap Chase. 

The 1982 Grand National 
winner, Grittar, mwlring his first 
appearance since his unsuccessful 
effort behind Hello Dandy in the 

1984 National, finished down the 
field, but ran well for a long way. 

“He needed the race and I was very 
pleased with his showing,” Frank 
Gilman, the owner “He 
not qualified for this year’s National 
and wi n be kept to small races at 

Neither will Golden Friend be in 
tbe National line up. 

Mrs RirodTs other winner was 
Broad Beam, a useful hurdler last 
season, who won for the second 
time ' from ar many wrii y in hi* 
new rote over fences when leading 
virtually all foe way to land the odds 
laid on him in the first division of 
'the Bescot Novices* n««4 

Ray Goldstein, one of the leading 
riders at Fontwell Park, was taken to 
hospital with a suspected broken 
right leg after Pom: Son (one of eight 
casualties) fell in foe Shopwyke 
Selling 'Chase at the Sussex course: 

Haydock target 

Combs Ditch will run in the Peter 
Marsh Ch a se at Haydock Park on 

wffiy SS Wolverhampton 

par - “ - ' - 

•Forget, but a rematch with 
Wayward Lad. who narrowly beat 
Cbmbs Ditch in foe King George VI 
Chase, at Keihpion on Boxing Day, 
was ruled out by Monica Didonson, 
who announced she would not be 
having a nmner in foe race. 

Worcester off 

Today's me^ig at Worcester b« ** 

hero abandoned because the course 
IS flOOflefl. TillS nriup fa 

number of meetings lost this 

National Hunt season to 34. 

Yesterday’s results 

Leal, London trader (toft). Sntitti Bur. 17 ran, 
71. lftl nk, 20L a Mrs W Svhw at BWOT 
Caste. TOTE: 24010: £1.60, S&30. E&50. DR 

1 JO Qm di) % HR HOUSE (D Brown*. 18- 
1t 2. Auttran ZUh (Q MoGowt, 33-lfc 3, 
fonenog (Mr J Wtetoafl. 14-1L ALSO RAN: 
13-0 Cboa (B. 7-2 Morin WM 92 tsrac 
f la w ton 0to) & tolea Suparfes, Maatar Vbm 
ffl. Supertota (ft. 25 kfflora (Sti) 33 COrigsr. 
RonwsoL Cite SoW. Sanandboa. 14 ran. 7L 
4L IIUtfrL 12L N Gaston at Lamboum. Tote 
Wfc £4.70, 28 J». £2J0- flat or 2nd wttl 

M. AS9WAN (S sntei Estes. 


10-1 Rate as RNnrateW Park 
rato 8ht £0 Cbataa Man, 
■toonw (4th). Anoud (pto 

gaxn^Jtr^rBto^N^ig ^ 
Bated Dawn. 17r£v 4L 6L : 

41, fit 20. 21, 4L J 

ganeqm iat bnhun TOTE E3A0; £1.10, 
£1.10, £4^0. Dft E2JKL CSft E8S6U 


Hasan, Royal Valour, Paporacor (5tJA Al* 

croe to tenbavjSrE 
- nanpoL£B6L80. 




Have a vacancy for a recently qualified soOcftor or 
one with up to 2 years post qualification experience. 

Although experience of shipping or commercial 
law would be an advantage importance will be at- 
tached to appficants enthusiasm, common sense 
and appetite for hard work. 

Satary negotiable and this position offers excel- 
lent prospects in an expanding Ann. 

Applicants should write wfth full C.V. to: 

M. G. Chambers, 
Horrocks & Co 

99 Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF 




We nqoin a Soticbor with not less than two years' relevant 
e xp e ri en c e to jam onr coaveyancrn* dep ar tment m Cheltenham, 
d e amg i primarily with emunercial pr op ert y work London 
experience wiH be prefenetL and an ahOity to woA under pressure 
wffl be Decen ar y. Please apply in writing with cmricalum vitae to: 

good to ten (ten eounq goad 

GcsfflqJMu, Ctaria KmtD A Ot, HDgwa Horae. BanUS 
Brad, OmHwibna. Gtoa. GL58 3A ^ 

Facility ofPn^ssional Studies 
School of Law ■ 
Aatetee* tovted for the iw- 

Lecturer U/Senior Lecturer 
In w ra cBto r to Mate Jarirar o teno 
Lecturer n 

v. r *l<«\ 

a . ^ 

. ... 

> . . . -v-ri 

6n> Mooraa ltotiL7 

tora A row. ajg 1 Mefcy RimeD; two winners 
JrSn^ mEkSS at WolverinmptiHi 

n*Wtf / lacenBv 
. ■ w ceceautve. e. £1 1 
AdSOUa. 01-083 OOL. 

cgwvgwi oaKvruioa ATB 

■ML Own ra m raaonl Wot VoTS' 
raray. Mary 

sga r BiSsz ua *-^£ssz£ 

com motAL ff wwmv 

ggissss 88 ^®?^ 

mnVLV Oteunw. _____ 






The European bank for business in Asia 



pravidesa eunprchencive legal service to a wide range oT clients 
of whamAc majority are band ovnra. 

seeking a loogKnn career m jcarameccial practice, focthe 
undetmentionad nawappomfmena whkfe inrolwT-fi^i Conn 
or azfakmioa matters in England and foRign jtsadkiioaa. 
C-anifuiatg nmg be of abwe OTnagt jtafay, liave wKind 
academic qualifcaiostf and be abtetP work pndcrpr cjw ae. 
Prevmw e xp e ri e n ce w ririirahl r bnttiot fs e riai al. Some overman 
travel nay be involved. 

Commercial Litigation— London - 

Immediate vacancies envoi oar London office foe 
•oUcitpri or banivtm of up tp.J years post qualification , # 
experience to Undertake ma t m* involving the 

a) A diverse raage ofnutriraaxxl general . Jr 
insurance^ ot tatuna a nfle» t B spiiirs, or #/ 

' _b) CouptaL dupmesariemg from duttaqwrtiea, bills of 
btfin^ ShytoTding/repairctmttaa^atxl related maws. 

- AnoptHXtuiMtvexin»foroneofd>e« n BeM idM l r««B<tMP« 
vd»o should be profiaent in Frindi, to join oar Rrit office after 
abort U months experience m our London office. 

Commercial Litigation— Paris 

An hmnrdiafr vagary cxM«fora»otlritnrnf 
po^quaBfifafrnn experience, who ihoaU be fluent in ftmich, 
to join the firm * Paris office. 

The work wiH entail a wide range of corntncraaltirigaliaa 
. nuHenjnnihr n» those conducted in oar London office. 

The salary and benefits for thae appointments will be very 
xtmetnentad oreer prospects areexceHent. 

— - n Plwe applywMi fad CV.and quoting «£ JHrt U to: 

>N^- ' JolwHamatonAnocinas, 51-53 High Street, 
GmUfordGUl JDY. 

N\ • Tet ( 04 * 5 ) 574814 . 

John Hamilton Associates 
Personnel 6 c Management Consultants 

.VrVrV . V. SS s , V*S \ VWN&V <•>'. • A' <V W .’ ‘ 1 - ’ .< .S'.Ov S \ \ ‘ 

' The London International Financial Futures Exchange 


. To £30,000 + car + benefits 

Onr’cBent, Th* ftitwnarinnal Financial Ritures Exchange. established in September 1982. is now the 

largest futures exchai^e outside of the United Sates, with an average of over 15000 contracts traded daily. 

As yyrrfr r»f fh?r oirraxfnl pmwth. our cBcnt wishes to appoints Legal Counsel as a member of a small pro- 
fessional ft-**™ to advise and handle a wide range ofkgal matters concerned with the administration and 
devefcpuiGat ;of the madtei. 

This f4taTli»ng>{ng r6k is likely to appeal to a sohritoraged in his or her late twenties to mid thirties seeking a 
career step into the financial markets. The successful candidate is fikdy to have had at least two years ex- 
perience in tte corporate financial services area and possess persoual attributes of flexibility, innovative flair 
and sdf motivation. *• .' ■' 

A« aWrr»rriw - caTofyp.n < N-rin C Thg Tmpi^^ce ofdMr^wfflbepefla3tkbIetothelevdindkatedabove.Inad-- 
rfWnn t ^ngp»c w3L mdude f*™pawy car.privaie health insurance and non contributory portable pension 

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or Sind a drttdh** Curriculum Vitae to ten at the address below. 

m • 




Anderson, Sqtdres Ltd^, Bank Recrmtmait sp 
127 Ouapdde, LondoctEdV €BU. 

Anderson, Squires 


TharightmpficimtwotiU be expBCtadto: 

t. Be qw^fod as a solicitor or battfs^ 

^ HawraafcmcaidthaHM!* 

3 . Be sorted Secretary <* M&? : 

.Company limited and M&G Pensions and Aimtfly 
Cotn^Umlted. . 

m i mcSSmSk* 

secretarial huHac, product devdopmwrt, .wipe** .. 

1 1 i'.T- '• Vrt, > 4" l-'l'Mv 

the Administrative Office hi Chelmsford. 

-T 1 .- 1 , 

llv >«■[ 


1 1 \ i 

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1 ■ . ... 1 3 *e ■ ; f 



City sohritors wish to appoint an Information 
Officer to take overall charge of running this 
department with respomribfity for supervision of 
both the Hbrary and information functions. 

The responsibilities will include further 
development end exploitation of the firm's 
internal, information z resources . and the 
Pffjp Miolrmgnt «nd utOxsafion of .computerised 
inhopsc- infonnarion retrieval systems. • 

The position will be an exdtmg ehalknge and 
remuneration will be appropriate for tha post 

Please apply toith fuH currieulitm vitae to: 

- Mchael Combes 

0 Snow HiD, London EC1A 2AL 


Banking Lawyer 

overseas posting 

A major iniwTi m in m i Kankmy corpomdoo ■ an active lender in 
most markets and inv ol ve d in all modern hanking nansactions, 
b replacing > lawyer awring inm the bank's investment ana. 

A sdLndiani and eaesetic iavyer, aged 30 jean or man, used 
la ' pm y t f nkF”* hrnifrmg jaw, pnepwed for aonsdenble 
. e xposure and tmvd, wiH find die bank's snail Legal 
PcpBi iinp^ 2 dczn&Dding hu? sgos^jog covirooniQL 
■ I’nipecB for career growth and promotion are excdkttt with 
.the passWnyofa London potevta dne coarse. 

Dk total fommendon package wiB be nrgoriaWr at a level 
i 'refleakig the mqxnance of this appatnnneni and paid tax free. 

1 Alt nsnl overseas banking benefits are available. 

Applications foe tts post, qnotneg rrf. RM/C201, an to be 
- mada -to Rabat Mncdonkf cd Pr^**r Ltd, 26-28 
Bedfonf Raw, London WCUt 4HE Tet 01-405 £852 (Fax. 
81-405 3677) who am iasmeaed to con dn at fiat iut e i t i e * » 
and prepare a sbactfist. 



Salary: £12885£15,000 
' (non-contributory pension scheme after 1st 
April 1986) 

Post Ref. CPS10 

Tha present Chief Prosecuting Sofiritor and the Chief Crown 
Prosecutor Designate is seeking toward looking soficmjfs and 
bamstent, who have IB rwontha to 2 years post qualification 
experience in the Rtigation field with an an^thaso on advocacy 
In the criminal courts, to join the three teams of lawyers who 
' wfli ba operating from Birmingham, Dudley and Coventry. 

Tha Crown Prosecution Service commences in the area of the 
West Midlands County on the 1st April, 1966. Successful 
candidates wSI be appointed kiltiafiy for a short period to the 
staff of the West Midlands County Council as Assistant 
Prosecuting Sofidtora on a salary scale of £12JB85-£ 14,025 and 
wHI transfer on the 1st April, 1986 to the Crown Prosecution 
Service as Crown Prosecutors: the top of the salary scale wfl 
then rise to £15,000. There are prospects of promotion to 
Senior Crown Prosecutor after 3 to 4 years. The salary of a 
Senior Crown Prosecutor is £13,500-£18,360. Recently admitted 
or caHad appficants will be considered but the appointment 
would initUly be on a lower scale of £1 1,280-£l2,168. 
Nevertheless the top of the scale w9 rise to £15,000 on the 1st 
April, 1986. 

Crown Prosecutors wffl monitor aO charges brought by the 
Pofice, decide whether court proceedings are appropriate and if 
so conduct the case* in the Magistrates’ Court and prepare 
such cases lor comnirttal to Crown Court if appropriate. (The 
West Midlands County provides a good proportion of serious 
and demanding cases in the woridoad). 

The Chief Prosecuting SoHdtor Ian Manson wifi be 
pleased to provide additional Inton ati on on the telephone 
021-300 7091. 

Applications are invited from anyone with appropriate 
qualifications and experience but priority wfl be given to 
employees of MCCs or the GLC. 

Previous applicants need not reapply as they wfli be considered 
with other applications received.. 

For an application form, writs ordelepfione. quoting post 
raferonce number, to: 

County Personnel Officer. West Midlands County Council, 
County Hafi,1 La ncas ter Circus. Queensway, Birmingham 
B4 7DJ. Telephone No. 021-300 7B25l 
A 24-hour tale phone answering service is in operation. 
Closing dtite for receipt of applications: 31st January. 1SB6. 

"The County CoundThas a positive Equal Opportunities Policy 
to ensure thet ati appficants are treated forty"- AH posts are 
open to female and note appficants, especially from those 
presently not in paid employment. 


Due to promotion and an increased woridoad. Solicitors 
are needed to join the National Coal Board’s Legal 
Department m the North East Area, based at Team Vfeftey. 
Gateshead. The Department handies a range of 
interesting and demarxfing work generated by the 
Boanfs deep mining and opencast activities, and acts 
also for subsidiary formations including the- 
Superannuation and Mineworkers Pensions Schemes. 
The successful applicants will have good academic 
backgrounds and are Kkafy to be young; recently admitted 
Sotiritora wffl certainty be considered. They wiH have the 
opportunity to gain good experience^ and in due course to 
specialise within the Department’s range of work, which 
includes: High Court Litigation, mainly in connection with 
industrial injuries and disease but including some 
contractual and commensal disputes. Employment Law 
including the preparation and presentation of cases to the 
Industrial Tribunal and advice on coflactiua and individual 
industrial relations issues. County Court Litigation. 
Conveyancing and LancBord arid Tenant work involving 
■ industrial, commercial, agricultural and domestic property. 
Planning. The law of mines and minerals, including 
subsidence. Advice in connection With health and safety 
control of pollution etc. 

The Board’s Legal Department has offices in London and 
each of the major coaifiekfe. It offers sound career 
prospects, and oorefitions of service ara excellent The 
ap poi n t m e nts are offered within the salary range 
£10,755^0 to £13, 863.00 (urufer review); one 
appointment may be made within a higher range if the 
successful appGcEnt can offer relevant post-qualifications 

Applications; in writing, stating age, education and 
experience to Area Staff Manager/Secretary National 
Coal Board, North East Area, Coal Hoise, Team \felley, 
Gateshead Tyna and Mfear. NE11 OJD, by the 31st 
January 1986. Please quote Ret X313Z 

McKenna & Co 


with at least two years corporate taxation experience is 
required £pr our expanding corporate tax department. 
- 'ITsb department assists aS areas of the firm in wide 
varying corporate tax matters both financial and com- 
mercial, whether of a domestic or an international 

The prwritVm would appeal to solicitore currently in a 
taratiim department of a firm of solicitors or firms of 

chartoed accountants wishing to advance thfiir career. 
Excellent salary and benefits offered. 

Please apply with full details to: 

McKenna & Co 





Clifibrd-Tumer seeks qualified lawyers for our 
expanding corporate practice. 

if you are already a corporate lawyer but feel that you are too 
specialised, too supervised or feel you can improve your 
prospects with a move we can offer you wide experience, 
more responsibility and the opportunity to develop your 
career within our firm in your own way. 

If you have experience in other areas of practice but little or no 
experience in corporate matters and are prepared to change 
direction we would like to hear from you. 

We are a largp City of London firm with all of the advantages 
which this can offer - exciting and satisfying work - good 
rewards - the opportunity to serve abroad - an international 
clientele - excellent career opportunities. The firm has a friendly 
and informal atmosphere and in order to maintain flexibility 
and allow individual expression we have created a number of 
self contained practice groups each of which has a character of 
its own and all of which are dedicated to serving our clients and 
solving their problems. If you wish to pursue a career as a 
corporate lawyer why not come to talk to us and see if 
we suit you. 

Tlcase apply, with a curriculum vitae, to: 

Fteter Brooks 
Blackfriars House 
19 New Bridge Street 
London EC4V 6BY 

London,. Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, and Singapore | 

Associated firms in Riyadh, Tokyo and Madrid I 


Personal Corporate 

Our Tax Department has two vacancies: 

One would suit a solicitor, barrister, qualified accountant or fully trained 
Inspector of Taxes to assist in all forms of tax litigation, negotiations with 
the Inland Revenue and general tax work. Two to three years' previous 
taxation experience is essential (Reference T9A). 

The other would suit a recently qualified solicitor (or barrister prepared to 
requalify) with up to two to three years' experience wishing to specialise 
in personal taxation with particular reference to trusts. Previous taxation 
experience is not essential (Reference 19B). 

Our Corporate Finance Department has an exceptional opportunity for a 
newly or recently qualified solicitor with up to one to two years' previous 
company commercial or tax experience wishing to specialise in corporate 
finance and tax in which he or she would become involved in a range of 
work covering tax efficient finance packages (including leasing), 
corporate tax planning and other tax-related commercial matters as well 
as company sales, acquisitions and reorganisations (Reference 22). 

The prospects are excellent in this City firm for the right people who will 
receive a very attractive salary and benefits package. 

If you are ambitious, bright and energetic and you are interested in 
joining us, please apply (with full cv and quoting the above reference) to: 
The Partnership Manager, Berwin Leighton, Adelaide House, London 
Bridge, London EC4R 9 HA (01-623 3144). 




£22,000 neg. 

The European subsidiary of a major international company, the Greyhound 
Group of Companies Is active in property finance and large ticket leasing and 
has a vacancy for a young solicitor to join Its legal department In Mayfair. 

The successful candidate is likely to have a minimum of 4 years relevant post- 
admission experience in the preparation of documentation of commercial 
property finance transactions, preferably gained in a lender's environment He 
or she should be seif-motivated and capable of working independently. 

Initial salary £22,000 negotiable, to include company car. Benefits include top 
scale BUPA, non -contributory pension scheme, free life assurance and 
participation in the company's bonus plan. 

Please send full CV and details of current salary to: 





L'Jl M 1 -( 1 1 T , X' r ' » 4 k .*J 

i ' i g«i Hi-.t i-.;—- > 1 1 * 1 1 > ■ 1 1 1 1 1 --I ir?y 

Ti if. 


lTO HI 1 1 UUA I r-.1 .1 i r. 1 1 

•Vi I-.-:- 



Solicitor - Estates 

Make a key contribution to the expansion of 
our UK telecoms business 

Around £17,000 

Central London 

Mercury Communications, successfully established as the alternative to B.T. as a licensed 
telecoms operator In the U.K., is one of Britain 's fastest growing companies. 

Our expansion entails a heavy programme of properly acquisition to short time scales. This has 
created an urgent requirement for an in-house Solicitor who is a specialist in property law and the 
acquisition of wayleaves. 

We are seeking a qualified solicitor who has: 

* a degree in law, * approximately 8 years’ experience, 

* the energy and initiative to achieve the specific property needs of a fast growing organisation. 

* A sound knowledge of conveyancing in a commercial setting, 

* excellent negotiating and drafting skills. 

The successful candidate will be able to demonstrate the ability to organise 
X* k work rationally and meet the company's business and revenue objectives. 
"A \ Excellent benefits include London Allowance and assistance with re- 

/ € location expenses, where appropriate. 

For further information and an application form, please contact: 
Sally Stewart, Personnel Officer. Mercury Communications Limited, 
Bedford House. 21a John Street London WCl. Tel: 01-404 5155. 



Company and 
Commercial Lawyers 

We require lawyers for our growing 
Company and Commercial Department 
The work is challenging and wide- 
ranging with a significant international 
element and offers opportunities for 

Applicants should have personality 
a good commercial instinct and the 
capacity for hard work. 

We are offering highly competitive 
salaries and other benefits which will 
take full account of age and experience. 

Please writs in confidence toM.W Fletcher, 
Taylor Garrett, 180 Fleet Street, London EC4A 2NT 



Vlte are seeking young lawyers to 
join our expanding Slipping Litigation 
Department in London. In addition there is 
available a full time posting abroad 

We require candidates with up to 
3 years' experience of Commercial 
Litigation/ Arbitration in shipping. 

We are offering highly competitive 
salaries and other benefits which will 
take full account of agge, experience and, 
in the case of the posting abroad, location. 

Please write in confidence to ft Fiekfen or 
At Parton, Tayhr Garrett 180 fleet Street 
London EC4A2NT 




Housing Litigation (Ref U7) 

(Grade P.0.1.) Salary; E12£97-E1 3,485 pa incl 
■Wo have a vacancy for a solicitor who wffl provide 
profes si onal assistance to the Senior SoRcitor in 
organising the Housing workload, dealing with recovery, 
rent arrears, housing improvements and repairs In both 
the private and the pubic sector. The work Involves 
proceedings under the Housing Acts and duties wffl 
include a heavy case toed, giving advice to officers and 
members, and frequent court appearances. 

MMduato can apply fbr job sharing. 

Appficants should therefore be qualified Sofldtors and 
experienced advocates, wtth a knowledge of the 
legislation affecting the Housing responsibilities of a 
local authority. They should be able to demonstrate a 
dear understanding of the problems tadng Lambeth 's 
community and in particular the disadvantaged black, 
female and cSsabied groups. 

Appficattofi forms obtainable from the Personnel 
Officer, Dire 

i D ir ectorate of Administration & Legal 
Sendees, London Borough of L amb eth, Town Hall 
SW2. Tet 01 -274 7722 ext 2339. Ctostog date 29 
January, 1986. 

As part of Lambeth 's Equal Opportunres Policy. 

applications are welcome from people regardless of 
race, creed, nationality, dfsabOty, age. sex. sexual 
orientation or responsBMty for chttoran or dependants. 






SALARY - £6,753 to £9,240 
ins are imritedfor the above post from persons 
ib wish to train fbr a professional career in the 
Magistrates' Courts Service. The appointment wJH 

who wish 

provide an opportunity fbr the successful applicant to 
in all aspeots of the work of a busy 


Magistrates' Court whilst being trained as a Court Clerk'. 

S is should be either Banisters or Solicitors, 
previous experience is not essential Persons 
lals in May 1986 wDI also be considered. 
Wolverhampton is situated on the western fringe of the 
County of the West Midlands within easy reach of the 
attractive Counties of Staffordshire and Shropshire. The 
department enjoys the faeffities of an excellent modem 
Court complex' m the centre of town. Advancement 

within the salary scale listed above is dependent upon 

' of respons&Bty 

Court C 

the trainee's progress and the level 

The post is subject to National Conditions of Service 
and the successful candidate who shows the necessary 
(e may expect to be advanced to an estabfished 
lurt Cierk post subject to a suitable vacancy occ min g 
with a commencing salary of £11,361 per annum within 
a period of 1 2 to 18 months. 

Applications marked "ConfidentaB - Appointment of 
Professional Trainee" enclosing a detailed curriculum 
vitae and the names and addresses of two referees 
should reach me not later than 7th February. 1986. 

Clerk to the Committee 

The Law Courts, 

North Street, Woverhampton WV1 1 PA. 


Wlnckworth & Pemberton are looking for an experienced 
Solicitor, genuinely interested in looking after provate 
clients, to join us with a view to taking over this 
department and expetialfy the family trust and probate 
work, developing this with tax planning and financial 
expertise. Ths applicant would also be required to 
supervise conveyancing transactions fbr private clients. 
The applicant should be personable, imaginative, patient, 
with sensitivity, and an ability to communicate dearly and 

If you are Interested please write giving your personal 
details to: Michael H. Penn, 22 Graancoat Place, 
Westminster, London SW1P 1DY. 



Our clients, in London and throughout the 
country instruct us on a regular basis to 
introduce experienced staff. Our portfolio 
of positions in the above two disciplines is 
such that we now need to contact more 
applicants, at all levels of experience, for 
these assignments. 

For further information, please telephone or 
write to: 


Tek 01 -242 1281 

Out of London 

South Bucks 

£ Attractive + prospects 

soGcftor required by this forward thinking 
nod-contentious worktoad. 

Manchester £ Attractive + excellent prospects 

Prestigious Ctty-bwed practice requires competent soSdtpr 
with approx 1 year pest quafifleation experience. Persons! injury 
workload and some advocacy. 

Bristol £ Highly co m pe titi ve + prospects 

Young nipkfly expanding practice saeks high caflbre 
commerc&fy orientated soildtor, Idealy with 1-4 years post 

quafifkalton experience of or Compaq j 

South Beds £coraprttive 

Suitably e x perienced soBdtor, preferably up to 3 years post 
qualification, required by established medium sized practice to 
manage busy probate department. 

Jcnv'PcrsottnelM | 

Staff sped&Ssu lo the legs profession woMMde 

95 Aldnyer, London WC2S<jF.T& 01-242 12B1 


Are looking for 

SOLICITOR with about two years admitted 
“City” experience to assist the Partners in their 
busy Company Commercial Department 

one to two years admitted experience. The work 
has a substantial international element 
Personality and the ability io deal with private 
clients will be a major factor in the selection of a 
suitable candidate; 

Applicants should write, enclosing a curriculum 
vitae, giving a contact telephone number and an 
indication of salary expectation to: 

Colonel T. J. M. Wilson FBIM, Raddiffes $ 
Co, 10 Little College Street, Westminster SW1P 



A Senior Trust Solicitor is required by Appleby, ' 
S purling & Kempe. Applicants? nrusi;have at least ; 

5 yea re 1 post -qualify]" ng experience in all aspects of . 
private client work with particular emphasis on trusts 
and settlements. Applicants should also have a good 
understanding of personal and trust taxation and be 
able to advise international and domestic clie nts on 
estate planning matters, wills and probate practice. 

A good knowledge of company law would be useful. 
A pleasing and outgoing personality is essential. 

Interviews will be held in London. 

- Please send foil cv, which will be for warded to 
Bermuda unopened, quoting Ref: R2077/T 

Office of the Chief Prosecuting Solicitor 


; {EO 42-45 £14^85-£15,453) 2^1 :- 

: {POr34-37 £ll,604-fli513) (S02 32-34 £10,950 7 fip|4) y 

and'wiUMje involved in V considerable -amount "of adyoSracy pnseaumg n 
behalf of the Police ai the various Magistrates’ Courts m the area, as well as 

advising upon the criminal law. _ . , 

P a nd ifofrff win be considered for posts on any of the above scales according 

to qualifications and experience. ■ ■ 

Newly qualified applicants and these about to qualify will be consKtoed. 

(SOI 29-31 £9»975-£10,63S) 

aadthc sue- 

Legal Assist- 

Applications are invited fbr this ~ t - - »- , 

cessful applicant will work m the Crown Court Section as pa rt o a naani 
ants " " "* 

Knowiet^eortne weisaiaiignagewmDcconaKKaw«iw.*a»«w^ . . 

Tyu-nt ial car user allowance will be payable in respect ctfafltteappomimMrt s. 
Assistance with removal, relocation and lodging expenses will be paid m appropriate 

cases. _ ■ . 

Tl is feat all sreff 1 will transfer to the new Crown Prosecution Service in Oc- 

tober 1986. 

Application forms to-be return ed by 8 th February 2986 and detefled ronditoiB of ap- 
pointment can be obtained from tire Clerk to the North Wales Pom* Authority, Stare 
Hall, Mold, Owyd CH7 6 NB. Telephone: Mold (0352) 212L Ext 2292/2205. 


Assistant Prosecuting 

Grade P.O.a/b (3 posts) £1 1,280^12^85 
Internal promotions lead to these opportunities to 
join a highly pro fe crinria! office in the stimulating and 
developing field of criminal advocacy. 

Persons appointed can expect to transfer to the 
Crown Prosecution Service in April, 1986. when the 
maximum salary level for this grade of post will be 

We ate looking for Solicitors or Banisters with a 
real interest in criminal law who can demonstrate the 
confidence and aptitude for this type of work and who 
can thrive in a sometimes difficult environment Rel- 
evant post-qualification experience would be advan- 
tageous but we wifi give serious consideration to 
newly qualified applicants who can persuade us that 
they have ibe potential to develop into first class 
criminal lawyers. The posts are based in Sheffield but 
the persons appointed may be required to work else- 
where in the County 

This post is subject to the LMGSC ring-fence pro- 
cedure with their agreement it is now being offered on 
an unrestricted basis. Applications are invited from 
anyone with appropriate qualifications or experience, 
but priority will be given to employees of the GLC or 

Application forms from the Chief Executive (Per- 
sonnel), S-YjC.C, Comity Hall, Barnsley S78 2TN. 
TeL Barnsley 286141 Ext 266/665. Please quote post 
ref. PS1Q0. Closing dale, 31.1.86. 

Saadi Yorkshire 
Canity Council Is an 
Equal Oaportmritks 

gn ntli ^hrkshir p. 





Our ■ft*"* is a private company manufacturing advanced technology products sold 
fhmngh major crmtranB at fame, in Europe and thelLSA. There gacanrinuing partem 
of strong profitable growth. ... 

This is the first time a Lawyer has been appo i nted and it emph a si ses tbenecd for legal 
mvcdvememthroaghotn: all aspects of the company’s activities, particularly contractual 

Candidates will be admitted Solicitors, with a good grounding in commercial law and 
industrial n p rrimn with a preference fix an electronics and exporting envir onment . 
Wfltingness to identify with broad company objectives is. important 

Salary indicator should not be a barrier to application. Good benefits include relocation 
assi stance m the Earn Midland! 

Please apply in strict confidence wirhfidl details of age, experience, qualifications and 
earning, quoting reference no.’ T1204, to Peter Small ac 

QMS Recruitment 

Quran House, 6 Princess Road West 
. Leicester LE16TP . 

We are one of the hugest and most active District 
Councils in the south-east outside London. With a 
revenue budget of £72m and 2.100 employees we provide 
a wide range of services to this national and international 
conference and tourist resort which is also a major centre 
for shopping, comm croc, education and light roaostey* • 

Borough Secretary 
and Solicitor 


Heading up a department of 90 you will provide a 
comprehensive legal, administrative and secretarial 
service to the Coimcfl. ' 

You must be a qualified solicitor with at least ten years* 
local government service gained in more than one large 
and diverse authority. Your experience must indude the 
management of both up to lOOstaff and a budget of 
app ro x im ately £ 2 m. together with - committee 
ad m i n istration. 

Generous relocation assi s tance indudes grants of up to 
£3,750 plus hill reimbursement of removal expenses, 
lodging and travel allowances. Temporary housing may 

Please telephone Brighten (0273) 29801 Ext 667 for - 
form to 

detail? and an application farm to be retarded to the 7 
P er s on nel Officer, Town HaU, Brighton, BN1 1 JA, by * 
7 February. " 

Borough of — . 


Canadian multinawqi^al 


{ ■ " - SEEKS 


Commercially minded Lawyer 
for its International Financial 
Services Unit based 
in Switzerland 



Applicant must have at least 3-5 years experience in a medium or 
on oommadaL trade finance, banking and financial legal matters. 

-Prior expo 

academic standing a L 

lor exposure to a civilian system and international financing transactions together with the 
■ahilitv to apeaka second language such at French i?W». 

The remuneration package will adequately reflect the seniority of the poation. 

All repfies.wul be^ treated in strictest confidence. 

Please reply to: Bax2268WThe Tubes 



salary up to £14,500 plus attractive benefits . 

London end Manchester Group is looking for an 
experienced solicitor who win head a smaD team and 

report directiy, to the Litigation Manager. . . 

The work involves advice on and conduct of general and 
commercial Iftigatioa Experience in consumer erwfit 
and property retted matters would be an advantage 

Applicants should have a good law degree and a 
minimum of three years post admission experience of 
litigation, preferably gained in a substantial ' private 

We offer an excellent benefits package which indudes a 
subsidized mortgage scheme relocation expenses, 
company pension scheme free lunches, 35 hour week 
with Rexitime and good sports and sodai fodEbes. 

Please telephone Gwilys Price on 03392) 52 155 ekt 2425 
for an application form, or write to Christine Kffioran. 
Senior . Recruitment Officer. London. 'and Manchester 
Group ptc. "Winskide Park.'&eter BK5 IDS. 

iimdon arid 'N^aiich«fer <Srrrip jflb v 


Wjnfs ^e Next Step? 

IT you’re . looking for pro- 
grank^t; Irate, next strais to 
contact ib: Wd have cSSftskt 
London, the suburbs and 
tliRMBiiffiA thtfeounby acthrriy 
seeking Executives, preferably 
at Associate or Fellowship level 
with experience in such areas 
as Conveyancing. Litio^km; 
Probate and Trust Our clients 
offer an interesting range of 
work, allied with competitive 

find out more by contacting usl 

95 Aldwycfc, Loudon, 
Tei: 01-242 1281 


Estabtisbed civil *ad -drancciy 
chambers in. tfac Tempte have 
vacancy fbr cate member wife 
dwn practice and seven plus 
jfcanfcalL . 

CV to Bax No 1284 W, ■ ' 
The Thao. 


City . - up to £17,000 i 

Medium sired practice requires lax planning assistant witjv 
jjpto^Z yaare r^mnuitjxist.qimSnca^cii^U)^^^^ /^J.W- J 

.Central London Salary c. £13,000 

Newly qualified solicitor to undertake high cprafity contiher- ' 
cal conveyancing workload witMn medium sized practice. 

West End Salary to £20,000 

Smafl to meefium sized practice seeks competent sokdtor 4 
years post quafifleation for heavy , commercial gtigation 

Central London ?. Salary x:. £12,000 

Medonn sized practice requires soBdtor for busy residential 
caoveyaiKing workload. Ideal for nevtfy quafifed. 

95 Akfwycii. London WC2S4JF. T«t 01-2421281 



Goaron uwMt-eBr w r o te int sc- 

ui uteris allrii — 

si^ Hwn wmiimi iim cmth nr 

quire ttcntn u of 5 yen al and 

tew* to awtM M HMte aanlor work. 

Itopl— tntwtetenp, T tea 

h«h Udh*T» Em WCU3S 


Simmonds, Church, Smiles ft Co 


Two SoScitors far tl»| 

their Waudaworfe office. The fiat. vacancy it far wBJtS/4 

ym post whnfaripa Stfeitioa tsprimea farfarifag Advocacy 
Where fee Briaxymm the irens* of £10400 to£l%fi00accanfiagta 

®vdop and ropaad hi» or her talenta fa fife apd otfaa lfabk. The 
eriny fartUspoatfatafea rangfrof £8£O0te SIQ &0 accta&tg to 


»4-«« Bertm^MMfoyorth>jLoiidangW18 

or telephone lum oaDl-470 S8d4 J J : 

rwc nam 

U TTWAT teW. BateratWia/WwtaWi 
W. IMflfl 

•MM. 3 : 


Wjfte w»1twrinucnte: 



Corp- : — — 


tor' 1 ' " 

Hr L* ■ • ' 

n t • - > 

U L. ; v - \ 


with pai 



JWZhc w. -••• 

I MdtecflmtfiUBae 


WQ.WCT maraSSt 

■C" '> e VsErs! 


- •riiei, j 





■ inancu 
> sed 

expanding whilst piaif i h iTnrng a yrvi cp 

^°. r y! < ! c1 ' ^ inc^rasi^camplesdtyahd growth ofihcnHiiket,weare seeking 
acuiitionai lawyers to assume resporait3xty fbt w id c- rangtng, professionally' 

■ ■ stinndatxngwoHcmanimbCTbfareas: ■> ■ 


^"Vngflnd Ffaanna l s^ryicei! • 

VfeaisJookmg for an excq>tionallya^s6]Sdtea:vnd) at least 5 years’ relevant 
experience; eady and rapid advancement ran he antirr parrd_ 


We need more .first-class lawyers for our expanding City 
practice!. - _ . 

Followingour move to prize winning modern offices our client 
base is increasing, and with it the range of expertise we need. 

; We are seeking young qualified lawyers with good academic 
qualifications who are prepared to grow with us. Much of our 
work has an international context which , can add a new 
dimension to any young lawyers experience. 

We are in a position to offer stimulating and rewarding career 
opportunities. These could appeal both to those- who wish to 
broaden their experience in the challenging environment of a 
City office, as well as to those who wish to develop a long-term 
future with us. 

If you would like to talk to us about the possibilities open to you 
please-write to Mr. J. M. Hartnett at Barlow Lyde & Gilbert, 1 
Finsbury Avenue, London EC2M 2PJ. 


1 1 1 nj riyj i I'ij ii 


|->,<i -In; 


evidence of initiativeand fnieiWtml de xterity coupled with the ability to 
communicate ata senior level within a fast-paced, progressive yet informal 
and fcendhr envizonmenLAgood academic background, ideally to at least 
2.1 degree standard, should, preferably be complemented by 
. broacfly-oased articles. . . 

In addfflon to highly co mpetitive remim e rati oin, we offer exceflept scope for 
•. careerdevd<q>m<mtinaCi^practice. 

. Hease write in cOtifidencKW'hhaftillcarriculinn vitae to 
Tun Street, Dorrant Piesse, 73 Cheapside, London EC2V6ER. 


with partnership potential 

City Late 20's 

This opportunity arises in a 14 partner firm whose clients are primarily 
large private and small public . companies. The practice aims to : 
combine continued growth with strict maintenance of the personal, 
high quality service which has generated its success to date. The 
firm's deliberately high ratio of partners to assistant solicitors ensures 
that partners remain in close touch with clients. 

As part of its planned development programme, the firm now seeks a 
solicitor with at least two years' conveyancing experience including 
property development and other commercial, conveyancing work. 
Candidates should possess the drive and ability to earn early 
progression to partnership, - 

Reese telephone to discuss or send a comprehensive career resumfi, 
including salary history (and, since applications will be forwarded 
direct to our client, indicating any firms to whom you do not wish to 
apply), quoting ref 2347/T, to G.Ji Perkins!' Executive Selection 
Division. j 


We want you to become an expert. 

Shipping litigation requires expertise - 
you can join us in one of the most 
interesting and expanding areas of 
practice in England today. 

. We need more first-class lawyers to 
sustain our position in Maritime Law, 
and in our other specialisations of 
insurance and reinsurance, aviation, 
banking and ship finance, building 
disputes, professional indemnity and 
commodities. . 

If you are about to qualify, or have done 
so within the last few years, have argood 
academic record, a commercial instinct , 
and are prepared to work hard, get in 
touch with us. We can offer you 
stimulating work in a friendly office, and 
exceptional career prospects. 

Write to Mrs. I. Brown, Corporate 
Resourcing Group, 6 Westminster 
Palace Gardens, Artillery Row, London 
SW1P 1 RL, quoting reference 2123. 
Telephone: 01-222 5555, or, if you 
prefer, at home between 7 p .m. and 
9 p.m. 01-480 6666. 

louche Ross . 

The Business Partners 

Hill House .1 Little New Street London EC4A 3TR Tel: 01-353 8011 


Outstanding opportunity for 
commercially -orientated 

Beaumont and Son, the major 
City firm and leading specialist in 
aviation insuraiK^isfsparidiiig ^ 
ami can off er an amb itious- and - 
co mm ercially- aware solicitor this 
challenging opportunity: to play a 
leading rolein the rapid 
development of its commercial 

- Probably aged around 27 and 
two years’ qualified, you can 

expect early responsibility and 
consid erable involvement with the 
firm ' g internati onal business. 

"v- To attract the right person, we 
- ' . will negotiate a highly competitive 

.... For further information or to 
apply please contact N.G Harvie, 
Bekumoht and Son, 1-2 New 
StreeLLondon EC2M 4TN. 
Telephone: 01 -1323 6271. 


A rare 

to start a career 
og oil company 


RjjHyl it 1 -rparwHnff it* DqpartaTtfgit and has a vacancy for a 

young qualified Solicitor to jam its highly professi ona l team of 
Isnyere adviamgall lends of management on a broad range of 

The fcdtowing key points win be found in the successful 

• Baflnisiaam. iiiBlatwe and the ability to assume quickly a 

• Aged under 30. 

•- At least 3 ycarrf relevant post-qualification experience in 
private practice or industry. 

Salmyis highly competitive according to age, ability and 

Initially based in Victoria Street, it is anticipated that as part of 
our Head Office's relocation, the Le$d Department will he 
moving to a new purpose-built office in an attractive location at 
teottiabauL Surrey; hi 1987/88. 

TO apply please Bend your full C.Y to 

Head of Recruitment. 

BsMl ^itiiti l innn Compaiy T^mtted , - 

Esso Houses Victoria Street. ■ fCCni 

London SW1ESJW no later than 
29 January 1986. ; ^ 

gkao hionJSquoiOpportuirOiiSnviO^raaa ji oa lHnii y 





We are looking for intelligent self-motivated 
and hard-working lawyers to join a busy team 
in our fast expanding Company department. 

Applicants should be between 25 and 28, 
have a good academic background, with 2 to 3 
years' experience as a solicitor, preferably 
with a City firm. 

The variety of work is stimulating and 
demanding, involving client contact at Board 
level; and the rewards, professionally and 
financially, are very attractive. 

Career prospects are excellent. 

If you would like to find out more, please 
write sending a complete CV to 
Michael Charteris-Black, 14 Dominion Street, 
London EC2M 2RJ. 


Badenoch & Clark 



To £25,000 + Bens 

Our clients, who include leading British 
Merchant Banks and Stockbroker, require 
young graduate Solicitors with commercial 
acumen to join corporate finance teams and 
become involved in afl aspects of corporate 
advisory work. 

Applicants aged up to 30 should have a good 
honours degree and are likely to have gained 
post admission experience in fire banking/ 
corporate finance department of a medium to 
large City practice. 


To £12,500 

On behalf of several of our clients, leading City 
based firms, we are currently recruiting bright 
young Barristers with a minimum of six months 
taxation experience for challenging legal 
executive positions. Candidates who wish to 
re-qualify as Solicitors will be encouraged to 
do so. 




As a leading City recruitment consultancy we 
have been retained by a number of prime 
Merchant, Investment and International banks 
to provide high calibre Solicitors, or suitably 
qualified Barristers with commercial 
experience, lor a variety of legal advisory and 
documentary positions. These offer exciting 
career opportunities and attractive remuner- 
ation packages. 




The rapidly expanding litigation department of 
this medium sized firm, based In die City, 
currently has vacancies for two young lawyers. 
Solicitors with up to 2 years post qualification 
experience or Barristers with a commercial 
background will be considered for these 
positions offering excellent career 

Contact John Cafin. 

Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V6AU 
Telephone 01 -583 0073 

Compan? Secretary/ - 
Group Legal Adviser " 

Wembley Substantial package + car 

A series of acquisitions combined with an enviable growth record have 
paved the way for this senior appointment at BASF United Kingdom 
Lid's new headquarters in North West London. 

Reporting to the Managing Director, you will fulfil the formal Company 
Secretary’s rote as well as providing the major source of reference to all 
BASF group companies in the UK on a wide range of legal matters. Key 
©foments will include Company Law and matters involving the OFT or 
EEC competition policy, the discharge of statutory responsibilities and 
the conduct of meetings required by law. Frequent liaison with our 
parent company’s legal department in Ludwigshafen will be required 
and a good working knowledge of German would therefore be an 

>bu will have graduated in law from University and spent 3 years in 
practice before moving into industry. Ideally, your industrial 
experience will have been with a multinational company in the UK for 
5 years or sa 

The salary and benefits package we envisage will be in keeping 
with the importance we attach to this developing position. 

to The Personnel Manager, BASF United Kingdom 
Limited, PO Box 4, Ear! Road, Cheadle Hulme, Cheadle, 
Cheshire SKB6QG. 





’ j'^Vwmwi appQCrfon* musno.nunes ^ 

-^ iniukBri ‘ Pa/ao n a f are invttaq from qualified pe rsons, "ffl upT 
TKWtfy.tpidfflM sowers and 

‘ .*! B&.vgJuabb and wide ^xpenwcwihbiwMerseyaMcom 


-> 5 - & ms&iXsateg -Court* 

■ • A fosSW- Court Chettw Street, Hdrtftlwftd* MeiwysW® 

UTffiir.V:.: ;? 

Available Countrywide for 
Solicitors with staff emerg- 


Short and --long term 

emergencies covwsd for 
Litigation & Conveyancing. 

for Senators 

. f If you wish to specialise In this field, 
' ,an opportunity exists to join a practice 
, with- an ever increasing client bass in 
; the finance and banking industry. The 
successful candidate will already 
' ‘have some experience in this field. 

.Please contact Stephen Finch. - 


A challenging and rewarding position 
exists, as an Assistant to our 
Litigation Partner, for a person with 
sound experience of High Court, 
County Court and Matrimonial work. 
The successful candidate will join our 
flourishing litigation team and may 
expect to work with minimal 

IQ has a vacancy for a Conveyancer 
at its London Headquarters. You will 
join a specialist team responsible for 
a wide range of commercial and 
industrial conveyancing and allied 
work to meet the needs of the IQ 
Group and its Pension Funds. 

The successful applicant will be a 
Solicitor with 2-7 years' post- 
quatificatian experience in this field, 
who thrives on working at speed in a 
challenging environment 
1C! offers an excellent salary, with 

regular reviews and a benefits 
package including profit sharing snri 

Please send a foil CV to: 

Mrs Linda Kennedy, 

. Personnel Officer. 

A A Imperial Chemical 
/ 1 1 I A Industries PLC, 
I^tL I Imperial Chemical 
House, Millbank, 
London SW1P3JF. 
[Tel: 01 -834 4444). 

Please contact Roger Carter. 

‘Both positions offer an excellent salary with good working 
. environment and excellent career prospects. 

15 Bedford Row, London, WC1R 4BY. 


Fast Mp arc tt a conveyancing Co. 
cools Legal uec/NHriy QnRflso 
Solicitor to join young arrMtlaus 
Iran bi Central Wntes, ibfflty 
to deal with tan wfcme residen- 
tial. with minimum supervision 


ToW Hsibb Sarricas Ltd 
5*7 Cambridge Terraea. Oxtanl 


(SOLICITOR) required by the National and Load Covrmment 
Officers Association. Starting salary £14,709 pa on a stele rising to a 
maxim um of £i&080 pa indnarve of London weighting. Applicants 
wQl fie considered on the basis of their suitability for the post re ga rd- 
lest of sex, race, marital status, sexual orientation or disablement 
NALGO has a job sdteinn which may be applicable to this 

post Farther doxik and applkatkm&nn from the Fcrsoitad Officer. 
NALGO. I Mabtodon Place, London WCJ H 9AJ. Last date for receipt 
of completed application forma, 5th Febr uar y, 1986. . . 


©Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-8373333or3311 


WWW thy works, and thy labour. 

and Bw rntmec. and tow thou carat 
m* bear meat which an evo. 
RevefeMD 2: 2. 

Non-Stop 3 Weekly 


dlacoiHit travel. Far b«g ic r w ice : 
oa n u cr bestwavS travel 

T«fc 01-900 1992/3905 

dwttMCww. Call Vakarandcr Oi 
0062. ABTA. ATOL 1900. 

U*A» AF*XqA T EUROPE. Genuine 
dBcnunt hm. O.T.C. 01-602 3230. 

America.. Mid ana Far Fait. S Africa. 
Trayvafn- 46 Margaret Stnxt. wi. 
01%0 2928 (Vtaa iDEotoA 
B r oc im rr Dl-BSl 0069. 
ATOL 3047. 


Started chalets 1 8 Jan 
S*tf drive L wV £105ra 
Inc night: 1 wk 169 w 


Inc flWD 1 WK £169 M> 
Cordon I&eu feed A Dm wine 

0223411113(24 hTH 


Instant bookings wttb Accra A 

Till Til auras at wool Mended' 
BMOcn frdtn £5.96 + VAT 


148 Wandsworth Bridge Rd 
London SW6 2UH 
01-731 3368 

Km Otteabaw *496. 
TeoeAO^Sn 1626. 



FnmkfUrt CS9Calro C206 
Parts £69 Nairobi £389 

Bom* £99 Jobunt £436 
Moan tffl H Kono £496 
Athens £109 Toronto £249 
Mateos £80 N York £2 7E 
£52?.* £12 la/sf £348 

Gn/ZUr £79 Syd/MeJ £699 
yiona ci» dRbU £ 34® 
LPotmas £119 TAvtr £169 


31. Swallow St. London. W.l 
TeL 01-437 0657 01-734 9603 



(UNO 01-733 2333 (OFFICE) 
01-737 3861 CMHRS). 


SHARP Michael, happy bao'ttiday 
darling, love Anita James Nell. xxx. 


wedding look place on Saturday. 
January 11th of Mr Stanley 
Seamark, ion of Mrs and the laid Mr 
Leonard Seamark and Miss Janet 
Stewart. eMer daudikr of -Mrs and 
the tale Mr Charles Stewart 


Saw up to £180 
Chalet Parties.- £139 
Se tf c a tertmr £99 

Tel: 01-785 2200 

ManOkOeps (0422) 78 1 2 1 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1333 










2 Denman Strati. London. Wt 
Tel Ot -439 3621 /BOCrr 

£116 op. Indurive catered holidays. 
Val disere. ngnas 6 Lo Arc*. CaO 
SU-Val an Ol -903 4444 or 01-200 

6060 C24 hr*). 


avaUabfflty throughout aeaac 
Bentley Travel. Tel-01-351 7967. 


O/w Return 
aythwy , c4as trrro 

Auckland £480 £774 

Bmmkok £206 £330 

JoUuro £26* £470 

ixScSl FLIGHT cStTO 500 
131 Earte Gourt Rood. SW8 
Phone: (Oil 570 6332 


PEAK PARK, dm Doimdale. 17th C 
OM tan. Superbly modernised baths 
an sidle. A posters Comfort, quiet 
and fresh home cooking. Dinner. 
BAB Ihen £1730. Mrs Moffett. 
Hardngun >029884] 46 1. 

SIA VIEW IOW Centrally located. 

a/7 - 


C HEAP PARES worldwide. Pan 
Drama. Ol 4392944. 

U SA. XMAE- rract, £236 return. 
Mador TruvcL 01-486 9237. 1ATA- 



LEARN TO COOK on our cehtOcMa 
cootie, il weeks O a tt mo January 
13. Br o chur e . Gwtn Place School or 
Cookery, 1. Evert Place. OafOrd 
0X2 7 m Tat 614719. 




BUTLER. Ftret 

PI4COUWT1 I at/ econ omy , 
test. Fhotdbookers. 01-387 9: 


Proposed lajaisilioa of SGB pfc by BET PLC 
On 19 December, 1985, the Secretaryof Slate for Trade 
and .Industry: re fisted to the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission - for investigation asd report under the 
provisions of the Fair Trading act 1973 the proposed 
acquisition of SGB Group pic by BET FLC 
The Commission aie required to report by 18 June, 1986. 
Any person or organisation wishing to give information or 
views on the pro p osed acquisition or requiring a. copy of the 
fuU terms of reference shcRiW write as soon as possiWe to: - 
The Secretary, . - 

Monopolies and Mergers Commission, 

New Court. 4$ Carey Court, 

London, WC2A2JT 


BRAILSPORD. On 14th January. 
1984. Mary Miner BnrffcrfOnL a brave 
uid s^Bant Indy. HovOy remembered: 
by her husband and tetany. 

TIUS. Maud Alexandria. Fanta sy 
I4th. IWL.Ii d W i d mother cr 
Vivian and Hermlone. whose 

MtOAlLY, NwBItei Nancy. Pearl at 
ureal value. Remembered today and 

HapmarkatTrevalOl 9301366. 


SUMMER JOB, omecTomcs. 
Abroad and Britain In W H Smith, 
etc. at £4.96 or ffom Vac Work. 9 
Park End Street. Oxford. 


ENTEKIAINMENTS also on page 37 

Europe. USA and all cwitn atkmm . 

S^r^S^iS 30 3301 

FUQHTS Greece. 



January Specials 
Hostel £189 

2 Star hotel £199 

3 Star hoteL ....£219 

4 Star hotel £239 


AST* ATX 1996 

Make 1986 the 
year you got 



Send faraur'SSbrediUY- quicHy 
We are the spedaKrts to hofiday 
visa. They 're oS careMly chosen tor 
character and unspotted surround- a beach or MthpooL A* 
indude metd and (ofwnj a cook. Wei 
over had our efients return year after 
ytat (And ihou (he best adwrtise- 
tnentyouT read on WM page*! 
CV&w-eUkptT 4jChoraiPJH*, 
London SW31ER. 
Or caB 01-981 0851/ 
504 8603. (24-hc 
brochure service on 

The specialists in 
villa holidays. 


Qua* Mnpty he Snout Mrieuri 
Luxuy vsas, al wfli private pool 8 
own oronods. Erckain Locanoot. 
18 eskxr trsdm Etriy hooking 

VALE do LOGO - Agava 
mrCA retoert~r 

23 Bferhokn Tarr, London. NWS 
TlfcOVRM 8828/30 


Tbeseardnscre: GasraSia 
Ksbdavfex the csxuxrsed deanrj 
house far charasaJ E^toaSpaa: 
rndcAsr popular resem.gvesyou 
Dstantbockr^s jsantratrnaocn 
KxsvXOFi a iteeteten; 

01-878 9141 

m an fon sense of humour whaat 

woridng undar presaura. Ward 
work rewarded. Early pay review. 
Please rep)/ with CV, marking el 
correspondence "strtctV private 
and confidential - raf MJs“ to Box 
2328 R, The Dmea. 

Roafing Secretaries £ 10 ^ 00 ++ 

&jpy8w 8akfcl^or balnga , patn wwn11tonp , wMiW>terif BnaofCKy 
- Suidtora. V you nan eotktd Ind eaarim*. aoantoaHb pka maty 
rfuritnd - «• wooH ■■ ft havhim you) W MUnBtfwhM AI^ 

Partner’s PA £9,580 + Early review 

Dir e l en f on xjkk dhr far gaefar Lagri 8acratet> (AuJc) wUh cumn w i l e t 
aa pdanca to awtot Swtlor Partnar of praitlufci w WI ptaeta. As Ma 
paitter has JM rakanad km abroad, tm nauna a PA who la ad«bUa 
tri»i Hiu i Art MR and *» aHty *> v^STvm uwi w b on wp. 


I IrtArilT WthmidnaidlcrLigdSwvMitD 


Wi hew a draid tar Leal SaemMsa to 
work tor our pwsfltfa ra qtento toraoghoot 
CKtol London. Bsseiwt rate (M fx*J«y 

TCMDP 1.teailNPS«sSMIteafiMM6o,iip1t 
I tmro li*gSWs>wM5itiilC«M|A 

FerMoral uft«in Wo nMt oi £ l h aai iie luB m I me — fcgpdWp li iM C* 



©Trade 01-278 9161/5 


The Bank For International Settlements 
an intemadonfl uMtitution in Baslc" - 
seeks a fully trained *' 

Secretary/Shorthand Typfet 

for its General Secretariat 

Candidatesj- vriio riiouid be aged between 20 
and 25 and have English as their .mbther 
tongue, should 4iave a good^ "knowledge of 
French aad G erman: 

The Bank offers an attractive salary and 
excellent working conditions ■ in - an 
interoanonal atmosphere. . 

Interested applicants -are invited to write to 
the . Personnel •S^edoh, . Bank- ■ ior 
Ihreniatipnal Settleinenc, 4002 Basle, 
Switzerland, enclosing a oiniculuai vitae, 
refcrencesandaphotc^raph. ; 


The limes 

or . : ; • , - . 


please telephone 

01-837 3311c 



ASuuuivdyyoB may wide tor 

Tiroes Ne^iapers ; 

r --«•* **—'■*»* 



offay’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1‘ 


*• i 1 * 


&30 j 7JB0, 7 JO, M0.M0 and 
8.17; sportartJ5«d7J4! - 
P^OTWllBPOCtjftT.lS! ■'■:'■ 
7W?1h8.bwt dfiv-am’s tret 
two yeariat 1.17; film review ... 

• I would have roundly- . 
condemned RexBJoomstoin's = • 
{ITv.i 0.30pm) had It bewrno more 
hana catalogue of besttafcieads. 
Don't misunderstand me; befitting 

CHOICE; 1 v'C 

you have been warned. But Mr 
Bloomstein Is too responsible a 


Bloomstein Is too responsible a fHm- 
makerto contsmptata an how of 
mere sensationaRsm.tfe sets out to 
reveal the fufl, global-extant of a . 
practice banned bylntorfutfonai 
law, and enters refmwriy uncharted 
waters by studying the effects that 

torture can haw on those who 
practise it fa to the latter, the most 

to that much-romantkdsad double only temporarily, I trust) with a 
itafltyin the royal shooting lodge in horror story, other biographers of 
589, tWE STRANGE CASE OFTHE Judy Garland have pictured her as a 

woman bent on self-destruction. 

Trames news heafflnee. 

MD ForSehoofccpreposfttons- 
. torihe heartw impaired 9J0 
"• ThsJiBtoral.Mory.of prtSnary 
■ : ^ Mflrqun^ i gs. iQ4fflT ha 
problems encountered In 
■j'. otec^ng odo ub lo de cke r bw 
■ v -.or. 'a car. 1QJ6 German 
. .. - (fflWKsatioa 1tt4»The ' 
developmental Briflsh 
damoraecyll. 10 What 
1 . prehistoric dantingsteB us .. 


Derek JacoblTn I, Claudius: 
! " on BBC 2, at 9.00pm 

the B Salvador pofleeman who 
stopped eating meat because he 
had seen so mueh blood. Lees 
expectwl, because ft shows how 
morality can be perverted by setf- 
Juotffication, is the testimony of 
General.Massu, commander of the 

French paratroops in Algeria, who 
says that ft was only theJimite of a 
torturer's conscience that decided 
how far he should go. 

• Robert Symos’s Investigation 
Into that much-romantldsM double 
tataBtyin the royal shooting lodge in 
7.30pm) falls In Its declared aim of 
making it passible for the troubled 
shade of nines Rudolph to get a 
decant night's sleep. We are still no 
wiser as to precisely why Rudolph 
and Mary Vetsera ended up dead, 
although the latest theory about a 
murder plot cooked up by 
Ciemenceau sounds plausible 
. enough. What Mr Symes proves to 
his Own satisfaction, thanks to a 
looking glass, is' that Rudolph shot 
Nmseff with a cavalry revolver after 

despatching the baroness. It is 
certainty a new angle on the 
Mayerfng affair. And 1 use the word 

angle advisedly. 


8.00pm), Hubert Gregg's 

Ediosynchratic tributes to 

showbusiness giants, bows out (but 

woman bent on self-destruction. 
Concentrating on the monstrous 
way she was exploited by MGM's 
production supremo Louis B Mayer, 

Russian Folk Thames, Op 115; 
Mozart's One kWm Glgiia, K 
. 574; Bach's Concern in C minor 
for oboe, violin and orchestra, 
BWV 1060! MUhawrs suite La 
eheminee du roi Rene: Ftimsky- 
Korsakov’s suite The Snow 
Maiden. 94X) News.t 
905 The Week's Composer. 

Schumann. Fantaslestucke. Op 
73 (Gervase da Payer, clarinet 
' with Lamar CrowBon, piano); 
MarcheWkJer, Op 1 13 (CaussS. 
viola and Hurbear, piano); nano 
Quartet In E flat Op 47 (Rajna, 
piano with Attiemi Quartet 

Mr Gregg brings the sort of 
poignancy to toe Garland at 

poignancy to the Garland story that 
she herself brought to songs . . . 
Simon Yates's play THE ILLUSION 
(Radio 4, 1 1 .00am) has hidden 
philosophical depths, and Lam 
surprised to find it on Radk>4 m the 
morning, not Radio 3 at night 


10-00 Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 

Peter Davalle 

about the i people who painted 
them. 1UI7. Combating germs. 

• them. TU&.Cornbirt-ia gemu 
' ‘ 11.44 Part two of thsqmtorici 
;■ "drtma,The-9ea Green M«v. . 
13LOO Button Moon. Rocket 

adventures for the puppet 
' Moon handy. 12.10 Rem faow, 


with Crytng is the subject of 
. this programme about Sving . 
*''> with the under-fives. 2J0 
- ^ Ceefax. 3J2 Regional news. , 
. PotemairP*t(r).4.10Jteibo 
and the Jet Set Cartoon 
„ series, 4.15 Jacfcanory. 

■ Bernard Cribbkis reads part 
* two of Kenneth Grahama ‘a, 

• :* TheVHndfnthevyuows^ V 

4J0 Banana roan. Cartoon. 
Nufldhe on NaufBuo. Terry 
?> Nutktns takas atom trip round 
the (stands of toe Inner 
sv Hebrides where among the 
anffnafe.he sees Is the rare 
‘ ' pine marten (r). 

'* John Craven's Newsround. '• 
: b.ip ftwy urn, cphwt. 

.L three and thereto a fire fcn the - 
Upper School (Cesfax). » 

• “ 1 FaxI B» OckSe, Wendy ‘ 

- Leaveeley and BfltyButiar with 
. another selection of answers 
^ to young viewers’ questions. 

• MewswfthSueLawleyand 
Nicholas WttehelL Weather. 

1" London Plus. 

■ Moon tartly. 12.10 Rainbow, 
Leamfng'made easy wfth 
..... puppete.W-iaJO-n». .. 

14» H aw s a tone. 1 JO Thames 
- news wfih Robin Houston. 

1.30 SfabwOa Harvey Moon. Part 
... two of the drama sorter about a 
. former RAF mantrylng to adapt 

‘ f „ to Hfeto post-war London. "Ihte 
• week he Is In troubla wtthhls 
. estranged wife (r). 

2J3Q Dayttme. Sarah Kennedy 
cfialrs a studta dfscusston on a 
matter oftopicaflniportanea. 
attemptlhe trickybfts, ftetr 
, ■ owners tty Jo answer the - 
questions. SJSThameianews 
.. headlines. aJOTbe Young . 

-• “ Doctora. Medcal rtrama aeriaL 
4JW Button Moon- A rapimt of the 

. ^ wucntwnorv, who has been 
cnSaing on the Royal Vldng 
.■ Sky; John Carter reports from 

- New Yoriq and Sue Carpenter 
f. onacycanghdUaymNorfoRc 

EaatEndera. Angle prepares 
; nor her court ordeal, while ■ 
Debs offers to help out at tfte , 
i, pub(Ceefax). | 

. M Hold the Back Pagel Ken, 

1 looking forward to a relaxing 
week of darts and bowls by 

the seaside, finds himself 

bring forced to be a Lobby 
lud character wBh its * 

' continuous inta m yUon s . 
Problems arise whan rival 
sports writers appear on the - 
scene (Ceefax). - 
, 1 Rotate of View. 

_ News with Jufia SornervOie ' 
and Andrew Harvey. Weattwr. 

.. r ,r . Cagney and Laoey. The two 
* • policewomen find themaelvas 
. at odds over the controversial 

- subject of abortion when a 
, dWc spectafisfng in the 

operation is destroyed bya 
bomb(CeefaxJ.; • 

'- Fftn 56. Barry Nonban ;v 
. .. , reviews Death Wish 3 and Kim 
■-••• of the Spider Woman, m 
. addition, Jane Foote taft» 

- about her latmt film. Agues of 
■ God. 

- Nothing But the Best Part two 
■' of the parents' guide to .' 
secondary aduratton. 

Choosing Options is tonight's. 

- . subfed. • .- 

. The Rock Gospel 9mir. 

- • Shefla Welsh presents the last 
• ’ of her series. Her guests .. 

„ . include Steve Taylor and tite 
' Escofforey Sisters (r). . 
mm*** Weather. 

based on Kenneth Grahame’s 
(Oracle?. 4 ts Splash The - 
programme ]n which tba 
viewers ddermine the content 

News SJDO.Thaaws nawawfih 
Undsay Chariton andTrida- 

Rapotttng London preserded. 

by Mtchael BanatL Mfchaef 
WHson reports on the troubk 

Wflson reports on the troubles 
. teeing London Zoo . as ft tries 
to promote a more . . 
pofley; and Ltedsay Charlton 
prevhme an artcoliectlon of 
leading in^resrionlBt which 
includes soma works never 
before seen in public. 

I EmmerdaleFami. There is 
good news for Jack and Pat 
but not everyone bi toe tamtiy. 
shares their ^esatra.i .. 

I Busmen's Hotiday. Quiz 
-series-presented by Juflan - 
Petofsr (Oracle}. 

I Magnam. The first of anew . 

. series finds toa private . 
detective searching for the 
husband of Mb Jones, a dark 
.attoe Hal of Records. 

I Boon. Mlchael Bphlck stars in 
toe title role - that pf an ■ 
InvaBded ax-4reniwiwbo 
overreaches hlmaolf with Ms' 

. gpkferi handshaieeand sets 
iwnself up as a freelance 
.troubie-enooter (Oracle). 

I NewsatTenand weather 
fotlpwed by Thamesriews 

Torture. A docummitary .about 
torture, which has been 
banned un d er bitemaflonaMaw 
butte known to be practiced In 
at toast 70 countries (see 

Chofos). ... 

Torture: A Kscaaskm. Robert 
Kse to in toe chair and among 
those taking pait are Ranted 
Dworidn, General Sir Anthony 
Fanar-Hocktoy. Professor 

- Robert Daly, and -Professor 

- Jonathan Glowr. . ' 

handicapped young adutt. 9 J5 
Ufa kiPlasenctaand Logroro, 
Spain. 9JS2 Maths: square 
metres. HL15 Part two of 
Richard Carpenter's stray. The 
Boy From Space. 10:38 
.Farming: the ’agri-barinMS' of 
East Angfia ana dairy farming 
In Northern beland.1 LOO The 

world altar sunset ,1 1^17 Art 
education forpre-teenagers. 
11J9 What is radtoactivity? 
i A French language version of 
toe Year of toe French - 
progra m me about a guard on 
the high-speedTra|a 1130 
Detrtach dbekt: Part-1 2 of toe 
German conversation course. 1 
-1155 Ceefax. 1 J» Ufa In and 
arouid Potters. 1.38 Why ' 
does the Earth depend so 
much on; the sun? 2JM For ' 
four- and fiveryear-obte. 2.15 
How hBs arid valleys are 
. shown on maps. 240 The 

- body. 3.00 Ceefax. : 

I ' News summary with subtities. 

i Fast Forward- Comady 
r sketches, jokes and spoofs. 

I Ho Units. Jenny PowsO and 
Tony Baker tour Birmingham 
t^Bjing out tesdnating facts; 
the city’s peraonaRttos; pop 
records; and films. _ 

I Tha. Adventure Game. Mere 
Earthibigs chalenge file ntier 
of toe ptonat Arg brteste of 
loglcand Ingenuity. The Earth 
is represented this week by 
Barbara LottJobnny Bafl and 
Uz Hobbs. 

I TheStranga Affair of .. .The 
Symes examinee too mystery 
sunomfina the deaths in 
. January 1889 of Crown Prince 
Rudolph, toe young heir to toe 
Austn^-Hpngarkm empire, and 
17-year-old Baroness Mary 
Vsteara (see Choice). - 
I TUee from. Wales: Lat Dog's 
DeHart, by George Ewart 
Evara. wa Flagons sees a wtkt 
greyhound on the hffis and 
; resolves to catch the animal. 
Starring Richard Davies and 
. Desmond BarrttL — — - 
1 Food and Drink. Tho 50th 

- edition ofthe programme and 

. too Items examined bib; soups 
-aretinnadantfpacket ' 

■ varieties worth the money?; 
beer- howcan It affect your 
health? and oysters -coverage 1 
offteWortK^nrtarOpertng. . 
Championship bi belahd. 
i- L Ctomflus. A repeat showing 
of tha drama saries based on 
, the novate by Robert Graves 
as a tribute to the iate poet and 
writer. The 12-part serial. • - 
which won seven top awards. 

10.15 .Westfand: toe Shareholders 
Vote. Reports from too crucial 

Z^O FSimForTliosetoPerir - 

(1944) starring David Farrar. A 
. • documentary dfama about the 
work of the Air-Sea Rescue 
DnK of the RAF during toe'". 
Second World War. Directed 
■by.Charles Ghrichton. . 

&45. 40 MBBoh. The first of a new 
'.four-part consumer 
programme on the poorquslity 
of service the consumer 
society gives to the fifth of the 
population who are ovar 
retirement age (Oracle). 

4^30 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams and 
' mental arithmetic competition 
Is chaflenged by Tom Foster 
frora Sflstton, west Yorkshire. 

5L00 BawBchecLSamantfte is upset 
whan Darrin demands tiiat she 
returns an expensive coat Her 
toother, Endora, decides to get 
- even with' her eorMn-law ana 
turns Mnvloto a miser. 

5J0 Aa Good As New.Do-tt- 
yduraetf axpert Mike Smith 
continues with his series on 
• repairing damaged or broken 
fumfhsB. This evening, . tfflee 
continues working on the chair 
he began last week; does 
some work on the Pembroke 
table; and introduces Ame 
Sears, h chair-caning expert 

6.00 Pop tha Queatkm. Pop music 
oft presented by. Lae Peck. . 
The team captains, Chris 
Tarrant and David Hambton, 
are Joined by Rom Marie, 
Stave Davies, Fred Qarrity. 

- and BarboB Dickson. - 

6^0 Danger Man. This week, John 
Drake, a British Intelligence 

X t, is stranded on an bland 
a beautiful heiress, two 
professional kfflars and an - 
eccentric rectuse. 

7-00 Channel Pour nows. 

7JS0 Comment With her views on a 
matter of topical importance is 
Lorraine Borby from tha 
Institute of Mechanical 
Engineers. Weather. 

8.00 Breokalds. AnnabeBe turns 
detective whan she wants to 
find out more Information 
. .. about Lucy’alovor. 

8J0 4 What Ifs Worth. The second 
and final part of toe Energy • 
SpeciaL Penny Jimor arid 

David .Stafford oompare - 
Britain's energy saving record 
with Other countries. 

9.00 Fine Heed (1968) starring The 
Monkeys, Annette Funtemo 
‘ •' aridVlctdrMaturft. A musical 
.:... . comedy set In the time when 
flower power was Its peak 
during the late 1950s. Directed 
by Bob Rafeteon. 

10.40 The Cofflfe Strip Present... 
Five Go Med on Mescal in. The 
Famous Five, on their way to a 
larmhouse holiday, team that 
their Uncle Quenbn has 
escaped from prison (r). 

11110 Ghoate In the Machine. The 
second of six programmes 
looking at the tateet work of 
. .video artists around the worid. 
Tonight's programme Indudes 
Smothering Dreams, made by 
Dan Reeve as a response to 
his experiences during the war 
'. hi Vtetoafn. End aaf 1105. 

forma Christ and concerns 
toe efforts of Uvla, the wife of 
Augustus, to ensure Wet her 
eickty grandson, Oaudiu8, 
succ ee d s herhurirand. 
Starring Derek Jaicobt, Stan 
Phffips and Brian Blessed. 

10.40 Newsnight, with John Tusa. 
Pater Snow, Donald 
- - MacComrick and Oflvte 
O'Leary. 11J5 Weather. 

and Hubert Carstairs thwart the 

forces of swarthyskuttuggery 

(3). The Corse of the Yeti Wth 
Richard Johnson and Reyes MRs 

. 7 M News. 

7.05 Tha Archers. 

7 JO Concorde Tan Years On. John 
Hosken taBs the story of the 
famous aircraft. 

8 JM MaeHdna Now. Geoff Waits on 
the health of medical care. 

A30 The Tuesday Feature: 

Gentleman's CH&s. Liverpool's 
two most famous dubs are 
Evenpn and Liverpool FC but the 

a also has a number of long- 
bdshed gentfemen's dubs. 

, Ray D'Arcy meets some of their 

900 In Touch. Magazine tor people 
with a visual hendcap. 

9.30 Prastwtoh Pkpje. Combative talk 
by Howard Jacobson: Sigmund in 
the State. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine 
presented by Michael (Star. 
10.15 A Bode At Bedtime: Vice Versa by 
F Artstsy (final pert). Read by 
David Davte (final part). 1029 

(MF) only, SLa 
4JMemCo0n Befry.t 6JW Ray Moore.t 
CLOS David H ami (ton. 1 1000 Jimmy 

Young. Medical questions are answered 
by Dr BU Dotman. 1 JJSpm David 
Jscobs.t 2JM Gloria Himnfiord.t 3J0 
Music A8 the Way.t4.00 Barbara 
Dickson.! LOO John Dunn In Lisbon. 

8 M Hubert Gregg recate the Hie and 
magic of Judy Garland. With extracts 
from some of her many fflms (see 
Choice). 9.00 BBC Radio Orchestra. 
Norma Wmstone Is the guest vocalist, 
with Nocturnal Triangle. 8J5 Sports 
Desk. 10.00 On Cue. Radio snooker quiz 
with Christopher Biggins, Lesley Judd, 
Johnny Ban and DocCox. 10^0 Brain 
Matthew presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from midnight). 1.00am Charles 
Nove presents Nkjntrlda.t 3JU-44M A 
-Little Nitftn Musfc.t 

Concert Musk: tor brass and 
strings; Strauss's Four Last 

v Radio 1 

News on the half hour from (L30am until 

Brahms's symphony No 

930pm and at 12 midnight. 

6410am Adrian John. 7.30 Mtte Read. 

0 JO Simon Bates. 12410pm Newsbeax 
(Frank Partridge). 12A5 Gary Daves 
with a run-down or Top 40 discs. 34)0 
Steve Wright. 930 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge). 5^45 Bruno Brookes. At 550 
he reviews the Top 40 singles chart 
7 JO Janice Long. tochidBs Jottings from 
John Walters's diary, at 94W. 1900- 
124M John Pael.tVHFRedlea 152: 
44MamAsRadio2. 10410pm As Radio 
1.1200am As Radio 2. 

10 JO The World Tonight 
11.15 Tha Financial World Tonight 

11 JO Today In Parflamenti 

124X) News; Weather. 12J3 Shipping. 
VHF (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
5J5-64»am Weather; Travel. 
114)0-12.00 For Schools: 114M 
Time and Tune.tllJO Time to 
Move. 11X0 Musicianship: Early 
Stages. 1J5-3-OOpm For 
Schools: US Listening Comer. 
2.05 History: Not So Long Ago. 
2J5 Contact 2.40 Pictures In 
Your Mind (stories). 5J0-5J5 PM 
(continued). 12JO- 1.10am 
Schools Night-Time 

4.00 Lira Tuesday Afternoon: 

Chandos Baroque Players, with 
Michael Chance (counter-tenor). 
Telenumn's Trio-Sonata In D 
minor; Bach's arias Ach 
unaussprechSch 1st dte Noth. 
Cantata No 116; Herr, was du 
wOst soti mk gefSIan, Cantata No 
156; Handers cantata Mi patoita II 
cor; Telemann's Quartet I n G 
(T-afelrraistic). 4JS News.t 

5.00 Mainiy tor Pleasure: Richard 
Baker presents a programme of 
recorded music. 

6.30 Early Muskn airs da cour, from 
the reign of Louis XIR by Mauduit, 
BataiUe, Guedron. Gaultier and 
Boesset Performed by Nigel 
Rogers (tenor) and Anthony 

74E Prague Collegium Musician 
(under Vamari. Trtabensea's 
Partita In EttaLt 

7 JO BBC PhOhamunlc (under 


Maksymtuk), with Andrei Gavrilov 
(piano). Psrt one. Penderecki's 
PolymorpWa; Ravel's Concerto 
tor piano (left hand) and 
orchestra. A Eve transmission 
from the Free Trade Hal. 

8.10 Freedom's Rose: Robert Blythe 
reads the short story written, and 
translated from the Welsh, by 
Henl Pritchard Jones. 

8J0 Concert part two. 

Shostakovich's Symphony No 5.t 

930 French Music; Ian Brown (piano) 
plays Tansman's Sonatina 
transatiantique; Maurice 
Emmanuel's Sonatina No 4, Op 
20 ; Arthur Louria's Toccata tor 

Radio 3 

955 Weather. 74» News. 

74)5 Morning Conoert Recordtogs of 
Ntootars overture Merry Wives of 
Windsor; Ravel's Pa vans potr 
uner Intents ctefunte, tor two 
guitars: Fate's Nights in the 
Gardens of Spain; Glnastara's . 
ballet aufte Eetanda. 84W News.t 
6.05 Morning Concert (contti): 
Shostakovich's Overture, on 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/28Sm; 1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Rafio 3: 1 21 5kHz/247m: VHF -90-95L5; Radio 4z 
200kHz 1500m; VHF -92-95; LBC 1152k Hz/261m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548k Hz/1 94m; VHF 95.8: BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206nr. VHF 94.9; Worid 

Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

oopi Whies: 5J5pm-6.00 Wales. 
pp ^i Today. 935-74)0 The Chris 
Stuart Che Cha Chat Show. 9J0-104W 




bohper auSBHa-a,. 

Week In Week Out. 104)0-10.45 Cagney 
and Lacey. 11.45-11 JO News. Soottand: 

lOJOam-IOJO Dotoman. 935pn»-7J» 
Reoortirn Scotland. 10.15-10.45 Six 

Reporting Scotland. 10.1S-10.45 Six 
Seaside Towns. 1945-1155 Film 88. 
. 11.15-11J5 Everyman: Phoenix Bird. 
11^-124)0 News and weather. 

HTV WEST As London except 
m y wcai i^Opm-ijONews. 

6J5-74K) Crossroads. 84)0-94)0 
Murder, She Wrote. 12.15am 

CHANNEL As London except: 

44)0 Sons and Daikihters. 64)0 
Lookaround. 6J5-74M) Crossroads. 

2J0 Country Practice. 3.00^30 
Questions. 5.15-Sjs Sms and 

84)0-0.00 Quncy. 12.15am News, 

Daughters. 6.00 Channel Report 6J5- 
74)0 Crossroads. 12.15am Closedown. 

Northern Ireland: 5-35pm-5.40 Today’s 
Sport 540-64)0 Inside Ulster. 6 J5-74U 
diaries irr Charge. 11.45-1 1 JO Nevw 

diaries irr Charge. 11.45-11 JO Newa 
and weather. Engtend: 6JSpm-74W 
Regibnal news magazinas. 

HTV WALES As HTV West except 

mi v M0aM . 12 . w 

CENTRAL As London except 
VEmriMU i2jopm-l.00 

Gardening Time. 1J0-1 JO News. 6.00 
Crossroads. 6J5-74M News. 1215am 

Schools. 6.00pm*CJS Wales st Six. 

SCOTTISH As London except 
■ 12J0pm-1.0O 

Gardening Time. 1 J0-1 JO News. SJ0- 

4.00 Sons and Daughters. 5. 15-5^5 
Emmerdate Famt £00 News and 
Scotland Today. 6J5 Crossroads. 7.00- 
7 JO Funny You Should Say That 04XF 
94)0 HoteL 12.15am Late CaM. 

YORKSHIRE ^kS^ !^ a>p ' 

Calendar Lunchtime Live: 1 J0-1 JO 
News. 3JO-4.00 Country Practice. 6.00 
Calendar. 6.35-7.00 Crossroads. 
12.15am Closedown. 

ANGLIA As London except 12.30pm-l.00 Gardens for 
AIL 1 J0-1 JO News. 5.15-5.45 
Emmerdale Farm. 64)0 Crossroads. 
74)0-7 JO Bygones. 12.15am Whatever 
Happened to Vatican H?, Closedown. 





* * ** ** First PiAUsheUTK 

Good times over 
for Libyans as 
queues lengthen 

- From Robert Fisk, Tripoli, Libya 

The good times, such as they 
were . for Colonel Gadaffi’s 
Libya, appear to be over. Food 
and other necessities are ■ in- 
creasingly scarce, and the 
queues are getting longer. 

In the old city this week I 
counted 23 men standing in a 
line outside the little bread shop 
near the Roman gate. When 
bananas arrive in town, the 
queues stretch round the block. 
You cannot buy soap powder or 
electrical goods; and tinned 
food is sewree. 

Even soft drinks are some- 
times in short supply, a serious 
deficiency in a country in which 
alcohol is officially forbidden. 

Nor are the reasons difficult 
to understand. Back in 1980, 
when the Colonel could afford 
to fly in videos and electric 
cookers to sell to his three 
million' people at cut prices, 
Libya had an annual oil income 
of $21,919 million (about 
£J5.00C million). 

Those were the days when 
Libyan economic power fright- 
ened the Egyptians, when 
military involvement in other 
countries was not even a luxury. 
This year, howerver, a confi- 
dential International Monetary 
Fund report projects a Libyan 
oil income of only $9,778 
million, less than half the 1980 

Colonel Gadaffi's Secretariat 
for Oil has watched helplessly as 
the price for Libyan oil has 
fallen from $40 a barrel in 1980 
to $25 this month. 

Libyans had been told that 
1985 was to be a year of 
austerity, to protect the revol- 
ution; now the austerity is to be 
continued this year. And im- 
ports have fallen, from more 
than $10,000 million in 1980 to 
less than $7,500 million last, 

The results have been only 
too evident. Most vegetables are 
available only in season. Flour 
and pasta are sometimes diffi- 
cult to find. Beef imports have 
been curtailed severely; foreign 
residents have to visit up to six 
butchers to obtain lamb, and 
buy only with the assistance of a 
packet of American or Euro- 
pean cigarettes. 

The trouble is that the 
Libyans have still overspent 
consistently: by S5,134m in 
1981: $2i80m in 1982; by 
$ 1.898m in 1983;by $l,940m in 
1984; and by $ 1,833m last year. 

Libya's gross external assets 
have fallen from $ 15,000m to 
$2,300m in five years. 

The country is out of cash 
and will not accept loans; that is 
why there is little food in the 

The foreign business com- 
munity realizes that Libyan's 
economic problems are largely 
not of Colonel Gadaffi's mak- 

Bills are still being paid on 
time, but the continuing decline 
in oil revenues, the US freeze 
on Libyan assets and the 
continuing political and mili- 
tary tensions following the 
murders at Rome and Vienna 
. airports suggest that things will 
' ge* worse. 

.Nor is Colonel Gadaffi in. a 
position to pull out of current 
commitments. Fifteen months 
ago Libya signed a three-year 
contract with the .Soviet- Union 
. for $4.S00m in military equip- 
ment, including new MIG 
fighters and rather old submar- 
ines. .Hie Great Man-made 
River a 13ft pipeline carrying 
water to the coast from 
subterranean desert reservoir is 
costing Libya $ 20,000m, using 
an American firm of consult- 
ants and South Korean workers. 
There are 1 Britons among the 

Difficult political relations 
overseas have not necessarily 
affected trade. Britain exported 
£172 million worth of goods to 
Libya in the first nine months 
■of last year, against Libyan 
exports to the UK of £248 
million, much of which was oil 
bought on the spot market. Yet 
Britain's embassy in Tripoli 
remains closed. 

It is possible that Libya's 
growing economic problem will 
curb Colonel Gadaffi's enthusi- 
asm for foreign adventures. 

Funding other people's wars 
might be cheaper. A gun and a' 
passport for a Palestinian do 
not cost much, especially when 
some Tunisian passports were 
seized by Libyan authorities 
when 30.000 Tunisian workers 
were expelled. 

They went, as did the 
Egyptians before them, because 
of Gadaffi's decision to “libya- 
nise” the economy and to keep 
the nation's currency inride its 
frontiers. Given his reliance on 
foreign technicians, even this 
policy may have to be relaxed. 

UK vessel 
halted and 
; searched 
by Iranians 

Continued bra page 1 

sealed the - radio - room, in- 
spected the cargo manifest and 
insisted that one container said 
to hold chlorine be' opened. 
When they were satisfied with 
this the Iranians apologized fbr 
stopping the vessel and left. 
They were “firm but courteous” 
throughout;. . Captain Sandy 
said. \ 

Being at war, .the Iranians 
may be within their rights to 
challenge and inspect neutral 
shipping, even outride their 
territorial waters. 

A spokesman for the British 
Foreign Office said it veiwed 
the matter with concern, but 
would not necessarily lodge a 

Masters of British ships are 
advised by the Department of 
Transport to offer no resistance 
if they are stopped under such 


Reagan ‘ 'Administration said 
yesterday that it was "evaluat- 
ing options” over tile h oarding 
of the American ship (Chris- 
topher Thomas writes). 

The White House and State 
Department, while co nfirming 
that Ameman warships were 
continually in the area, refused 
to confirm reports that the navy 
would in future escort Ameri- 
can freighters, in the Gull 
The temperate nature of the 
statements suggests the ad- 
ministration is anxious not to 
turn athe affair into a big 
diplomatic incident. 

• NICOSIA: The ■ official 
Iranian news agency reported 
yesterday that the Iranian Navy 
released seven foreign ships, 
including two British, after 
ascertaining they did not carry 
military goods for Iraq (AP 

It gave the names of the 
British ships as the Colombia 
Star and the Barber Perseus. 

Secretary-General Serior Javier 
P&rez de Cu611ar, repealed 
yesterday that Iranian warships 
detained 1 6 civilian ships 
sailing to the Gulf in 1985 and 
confiscated some cargo bound 
for Iraq (AP reports). 

The Secretary-General, citing 
information mom the Inter- 
national Maritime Oiganiza- 
lion, said ships with . West 
German, Japanese, Dutch Ita- 
lian, Yugoslav, Danish, and 
Chinese owners were among 
those detained and searched by 


Ferry in 
sea rescue 

A cross-Channel ferry with 98 Royal 
Marines on board posing as passengers was 
evacuated off the Kent coast yesterday 
during a simulated disaster at sea. 

Helicopters from RAF Mansion (pictured 
left) and three lifeboats were called an as the 
Royal National Lifeboat Institution staged a 
rescue exercise about two miles off 

But die exercise had its own drama as a 
ltferaft chamber punctured and a group of 
22 marines had to be rescued by two 
Ramsgate lifeboats. They were all un- 

The Viking (pictured above), a 4655 
tonnes passenger ferry owned by Sally 
lines, which sails between Ramsgate and 
Dunkirk, was used for the exercise which 
was designed to. examine the problems 
involved in an emergency evacuation of 
passengers from a high-sided ferry. 

An explosion in the engine room and fire 
mi board formed the basis of the simulation. 
The volunteer passengers from the Royal 
Marine School of Music at Deal were taken 
off die ship by lifeboats and helicopters and 
ferried ashore. 

It was the first time a large scale practice 
evacuation of a ferry has been held at sea 
and the results will now be examined 
(Photographs: Snresh Karadia). 

sticks by 
new paper 

Continued from page 1 
of “immense pressure" not to 
attend the meeting yesterday. 
“If that Is Mr Murdoch's view 
of democracy then I am 

Mr Wims insisted in a letter 
to all five mam print onions 
that dime had been a “large 
measure of agreement" at last 
week's meeting of the TUC*s 
print industries committee 
about what might be incorpor- 
ated into any joint proposals to 
be discussed with News Inter- 

They would include arrange- 
ments for “flexible working”, 
adherence - to disputes pro- 
cedures, avoidance of unofficial 
action, ballots before official 
industrial action and concili- 
ation and arbitration arrange- 

This offer stops well short of 
tiie key disputed points in the 
draft agreements being put to 
the unions by News Inter- 
national Management, includ- 
ing provisions for a “no strike" 
deal, the legally binding nature 
of the agreement, and the 
explicit provision that there 
sbonld not be a dosed shop. 

Express jobs fear, page 2 

Single legal 
in reform 

Continued from page 1 

in law. After two or three years 
in an office, those wanting io 
specialize in advocacy could 
proceed to the Bar jus t as 
doctors proceed into hospitals » 
they want to be consultants, an 
would take further qualifying 

The other lawyers remaining 
in general practice would also 
take examinations to qualify 
them in any ar eas they wanted 
to specialize in. and in general 
there would be a trend towards 
such specialization so that the 
public could choose the lawyers 
best equipped for the job. 

• In the courts, the most 
complicated cases would be 
dealt with by lbe most experi- 
enced advocates, so that the 
litigant as far as possible has the 
best lawyer for the case and no^ 
more lawyers than necessary. 

“The aim must be to avoid 
the sad spectacle of advocates 
conducting cases beyond their 
competence" resulting in a poor 
service, protracted litigation 
and a waste of public money, it 

Newly-qualified lawyers 
would be allowed to appear 
only in tribunals and in 
magistrates' courts, county 
courts and “lesser” crown court 

The litigant should be able 
go to the lawyer of his choio. 
who should be able to bill him 
direct fbr fees. In criminal trials 
the present restrictive practice 
can have a more serious impact; 
where often at the last minute 
the client meets the barristers 
for the first time when he takes 
over the case from the solicitor, 
leaving him “fearful and con- 

A package of proposals put 
forward by the Law Society for 
the right to appear in a number 
of High Court actions was 
under “active consideration” by 
about 50 High Court judges 

The judges of the Queen’s 
Bench Division were meeting in "-, 
conclave at the Royal Courts of 
Justice in the Strand at the start 
of the new legal term to discuss 
routine matters. 

On the agenda of the three- 
hour meeting were proposals 
from the solicitors' branch of 
the legal profession thaL they 
should be allowed to appear in a 
variety of formal actions in the 
High Court, now the exclusive 
preserve of barristers. 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Alexandra attends a 
performance by the Monteverdi 
Choir and Orchestra of Beethoven’s 
Missa Solemuis at Queen Elizabeth 
Hall, 7.35. 


Recital by Simon Lindley and 
Mary Ryan, Town Hall, Leeds. 1.05. 

Viva Espana conceit by the 
Scottish National Orchestra with 
Mari sa Robles (harp), Town Hall, 
Ayr. 7.3a 

Piano recital by Anna Maitland, 
Feel Hall Salford University, 12.35. 

Concert by members of uie BBC 
Welsh Symphony Orchestra, St 
David's Hall Cardiff, 1.05. 

Concert by the City of Birming- 
ham Symphony Or ch est ra . Adrian 

Boult Hall. Birmingham School or 
Music, 7.30. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30k Financial 
Services Bill second reading. 

Lords (230): Education (Amend- 
ment) Bin, second reading Salmon 
Bill second reading. 

The papers 

The Star calls British Rail's and 
London Underground’s latest fare 
rises “a kick in the walkt”. “The 
increases are way above the current 
rate of inflation so travellers might 
be expecting to look forward to 
improved services with more 
punctual and comfortable trains. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 164)43 


I Holds vegetables, we hear, for 
those who are past it (3-5). 

5 Sec doctor about father first in 
confidence (b). 

10 Hidden danger fbr monetary 
system represented by the drug 

11 Hold the measure steady (7). 

12 Sloth - in time, itH come back 
in (7). 

13 Imagine mother's about ready to 
change (S). 

15 Timothy and I would be easily 
frightened (5k 

18 Baltic that provided 9's liveli- 
hood (5k 

20 Simple I dn ought to get money 
( 8 ). 

23 Our cat gels mixed up with a 
vehicle (7k 

25 Hard woman, mother, not 
without love (7). 

26 No. 200 got mislaid completely 

27 Wave woman can put in her hair 

(6k _ 

28 Gold cross outside Eastern 
green-house (Sk 


1 One providing a welcome to the 
Spanish tavern (6k 

2 Top table to the right (9k . 

3 Green part of army ***** by a 

4 Present in person, on certain 
terms (5k 

8 Government agents called m to 
match colour (7). 

7 There's nothing io a role in 
motion pictures (23). 

8 Scholars dallying in a bar - 
that’s sinister (8k 

9 President takes tea with Lady 
North (8). 

14 Leave the country and go at first 
into a Muslin) stale (8). 

16 Painting I ruminate about freely 

17 Not being a continental I lie 

about (8k 

19 1 1 gets a ribbon for an accessory 


21 Make cross in Charing Cross (7k 

22 Dull dog out of place in farm 

building (6k 

24 For bridge partners, a pound a 
rubber (5k 

25 By the sound of it, a pure and 
simple prince (5). 

Solution of Puzzle No 16^42 


“Chance will be a fine thing. . .” it 
comments. It adds: “The extra 
money raised from passengers is not 
earmarked for maintenance and 
investment in the rail system. It is 
solely fin* the benefit of QumceUor 

Nigel Lawson. For unlike just about 

any government in the Western 

world, Britain — .the country that 
invented railways - has ceased to 
believe in them.” 

Unionist anger over the Anglo- 

Irish agreement is understandable, 

the Dally Express says, but adds 

“the. lactic they have adopted to 

demonstrate that resentment and, 

they hope, undermine the agree- 
ment seems utterly futile". The 
paper points out that the Unionists 
believe that by resigning and 
causing the 15 by-elections on 
January 23 - nominations dosed 
last night - they are giving the 

Ulster people a chance to pronounce 

on the agreement. It asks, “bat if as 
seems likely, given the split 
Nationalist vote, ail 15 Unionist 

MFs get back to Westminster, what 

will that prove"? 

Set aside local difficulties in the 
Cabinet, how is- the Government 
firing in achieving prosp er i ty for 
Britain? The Son asks “Darned 
well according to Dr David Lomax, 
the NatWest Bank economic 
adviser. We are back in the “super 
league” of top industrial nations. 
And only four of them mrii match us 

for economic growth, price stability 

and balance of payments. 

The pound 





" ‘ dPt 

2 J» 

11 M 











Norway Kr 



4.13 S*4 

11*5 10*0 

Spain Pta 
* Hr 

4*0 3*5 

225*0 218*0 

11.40 1055 

ft 113 2*8 

USAS 1*0 143 

YogotiMaOnr 53AM 490*0 

Rnas lor ana* denamtnaSon bank notes only. 

a* auppOad by BarctayaSr* Pl£. Dktorsnt 

rata* apply to kavaOsra' cheques and otfwr 
Iw lpi cra i s n cy butinasa. 

RfOfl Mat tadax: 37X4. 

London: TJw FT wax cfaeed it* done at 

PortfaBe - tow to ptey 

Nonday-Saferday racord yaw Uy Portfoto 

' AtiJ Jheaa togattwr to data unt ra yaw 
metoy Pedfofea towL 

ft your total ratchet As pubdaftad weekly 
dMdand flgura you hose won outright or a 
NOT or Via aria money stated tor mat week, 
and must cm jow prta aa frsmetod batow. 


Tha Those Ponfoso data to 

b a ton a n 10*0 am and 3*0 

on toe day war am* few tad 

Ttafato CtoMan d. Ns data 

^Yoa|pta tong yourctaSa you often you 

wiabla to Maphona aonaono ataa 

can ctofen on yaw Data but toy nut hm 

K r card and ctfl The Timas Porttoao etton* 

patonan M atputotod tones. 

No raspons&rifcy can be accepted for faAn 

to contact tfw tat oflet for any reason 

tam toa anted horn. 

. tub taw instruction! at 

both daay and weeMy dMdand 
• Soma Tanas ftjrttato cards Induda ntor 
"* p itnto h *ta maa m Sona on EM n ew 
dUa_Tha— mtoarannTa wllnaiil 
• The sotfng of Ftai 2 and 3 baa baan 

atanded tan sorter vtam tor darttetan 

pw pota. The aiwa mas to net atotad and 

m 3 KH tBnua t o Dt payed In «ac9y toe am* 

tt&f *9 DflfOTR. 

TV top ten 

total top tan tofct tol cn pw p nw oi In too 
Msk andno Doownbar 29: 


1 Coron at ion 8swt (Mon) Granada, 

2 Who Dares Whs, m/. 14*5m 

3 Moonratar, I7V. 1420m 

4 Bind Dato. LWT. 13*0ffl 

5 News ti 545 CTueJJTN. 1 22Sra . ... 

5-Eboy Tiny Hnpeira. rrv. I2*fini 

7 Mnc^r an na Orient (nm Thames, 


8 Copy Cats, LWT, 1245or 
8-Coronaflon Straw, (Wed). Granada, 


8-82, Gronanor Sheet TVS. 124Gm 

Eastandara, (Thu/Sun), 2855m 
Eaaandars, (T\»/SuriL234Qra 
Tha Too Howto, 1850m 
Onfy Foote ml Horses Specta. 1620m 
■ •Alo-«Q f 15*5ra 
In 8ctoM and In Hsa*h.16.16ra 
lAfl Hours, 1B*0m 

tCtatotaa Spatial, t&Sta 
Gnat and Small, 15*5m 

BBC 2 

1 BrtdgiandMRhMrKimi,8*0ni 

2 Smca 5.15m 

3 Dr tJoCtOo, 5*0rn 

4 My Fair Lady. 5*Em- 

5 Tha Taking of Patan 123, 5*&n 

8 Ctwflto and Diana - a Working Year, 

7 Star tat anant USA 4.75m 

8 Teas, 4.10m 

S Hurt- tlw Falknr Dear, 3*5m 
10 Under Cacricom, 3.75m 

1 Tha Snowman. 6.05ro ' 

2 BrroksJda (TUa/Sct), 5*0m 

3 Brookticte (MotySaQ, 5*Qm ■ 

4 Tina Twnsr Prtwda concur Tow 1985, 

■ sasro • 

5 TraaswaHMSpoeU. 3.10m 

8 Am er i ca n fixXhaf, 2.65*11 

7 A Frame wist! Davtom2*0m 

8 Max Kaadncom, 230m 

8 Tha FtrCounCv, 2JBSm 

10 Tha Story d Gtort and SUton. 220m 

Rgwu tor tha weak endbig Dacsmber 29 

show dm toaowing peresntopaa of 

Minn 434 11* 54* 40* 5* 43* 
Baton 8pm 40* 9* 50.1 45.1 4* 49* 
Altar 8pm 4&4 123 577 38* 5J 42* 

Bra a Mta to la » U Io n: Tha. awr ag a weekly 

flgwos tar audiences at peak ttas (won 

taxes In parartaato ahowfna d» rata - die 

number orpaopla who vtowaol tor at beat three 

TtacMon to R1 2*m JBto. 

TV-aiic Good Months Srtor Mon to Ri 3*m 

(T4*d$ Sat and Sun 3*r» (20.1 dO- 


. Births: 



bydrograpber Spotsylvania- County, 
Virginia. 1806; Ignace , Henri 
Paatfan-Lanmr, painter. Grenoble, 
France. 1836; Pierre Loti, novelist, 
Rochefort, France. .1850; Albert 
Schweitzer, Nobel Peace laureat 
1952, Kaysensbeig. France. 1875. 
Deaths: Edmond Holley, astron- 
omer. predicted in 1705 the return 
of die comet which bears his name, 
Greenwich. 1742. 


London and South-east: A23: 
Resurfacing work between Lion 
Green Rood and lbe Avenue. 
Coulsdon, delays. A12: Width of 
Eastern Avenue reduced between 
High Street and Nutter Lane, 
Wan stead Road. AJ(k Southbound 
carriageway reduced in width along 
Hoddesdon bypass. Hens. 

Mid lands: MS: Widening work, 
betwee n junctions 4 (A38 Broras- 
grovc) and junction 5 (A38 
Droitwichk Hereford and Wore, 
contraflow on southbound carriage- 
way until February 1. MS: 
Contraflow between junction 2 
(A4123 Dudley and Birmingham 
W) and junction 3 (A456 Halesowen 
and Birmingham Wk long delays. 
A34: Roadworks on Stratford to 
Shipton road, Warwicks at Stratford 
and at AJdennrnster. 

Wales and West: A377: Delays 
and temporary lights on Bonbay 
Road. Exeter. M4: Eastbound. hard- 
shoulder closed and outside fane 
westbound also dosed. Newport 
A37: Drainage work with temporary 
lights on Dorchester to Yeovil road 
near Yeovil Dorset 

North: Ml: Various lane closures 
around junction 32 (Doncasterk S 
Yorks. M6: Work on the central 
reservation b etween junctions 32 
and 33 (Preston/Blackpoolk Lancs. 
A34: Water mam works at various 
points in Cangleton town centre; 
local diversions; traffic controls; 
severe delays. 

Scotland: A74: Inside lane dosed 
S-bound S of B797 of Abington. 
A32: Single-line traffic and tempor- 
ary lights along Lodtiomonside 
Road between the B831 Arden 
junction and the B832 Muirlands 
junction, Suatbdyde. A35: Perth- 
bound carriageway closed between 
Inch coo nans road and Kingston 
Farm, Perthshire. 

Information supplied by AA 

Wildfowl watch 

Threa ntoto argamzations ore appstang to 

ehUran to Mp them com p ta a nattamrtfe 

bonw at ato common types of w a terfowl 

“WOtto* Witch ’BB" to betw ragantead By the 

WUtat Tiuat, and WATCH and TOC. toe 

Junior branches of Uie Royal Society tor Nairn 

Cons er v ato r! and toe Floyd Society for toe 

Pro tect ion of BMB. From .ternary to March 

chKkwi hA be oounUrn toe nunbera at Tidied 

Dude, MaBsrd. Coat. Moorhen. Muto Swan and 

Canada Geaee on sh ettaa at mm 

tortxwtw m countre. CBMren Mng 
anyttoera In BrKMn can taka part In toe way 
as toe sta can range tam toner city 

dutopanda u naW lata and poata so ka» ea 

they am Iwstoantour acres, or toe eize odour 

toottafl ptehea. The Wrda are a* common add 

auto mn0AB& . IndMAade or tamBaa atoo 

worad Bra to (tadpole In the surva* should 

write to toe Wfcffcwl TVuat at Stattodga, 

teSTdliB^; “ “ * 

Snow reports 



far ■ 

Runs to 


good snow 
powder, good snow 


.<5 pm) 





KBzbuhel 50 120 

New snow on hard base 
lachgj 70 170 good 

50 hotas continuous heavy snow 

flatn e 110 175 good 

Limitad nets, avoianctw danger . 

VsITborens 1B0 230 good 

New snow on good base 

Dam ■ 100 170 good 

ExcsBsm powder skfing 
ted 50 120. good 

Goad snow on hard base 
l atheMe 70 80 good 

Superb skfing bekw tree Bne 
St Moritz 65 75 good 

Powder an good base 
VerMer 50 106 good 

Limftad runs, avalanche danger 

50 110 good 

siding conditions 

Zermatt 55 110 good 

Open stapes good, halt Ctaed 
In the above reports, supplied. by the SW Club ef Great Sritsbi re ^. ^gB rta Uro s. L 
refers to tower mopes and Uttuppar slopes. 

powder good 
powder good 

powder good 
powder good 
powder good 
powder varied 
powder good 
powder good 
powder fair 








6am to Midnight 

London, SE, central S England, East 
AngSn; E, W WrSands: Sumy intervals, 
perhaps scattered squaly showers; 
wind W strong, focaHy gate; max tamp 6 

E, NE En$an± ShawBrs. perhaps 
prolonged at Nmas, bright or sunny 
intervals; wind W. strong to gate, 
occasionafiy severe gate In exposed 
places, max lamp 6 to 8C (43 to 4Wk 
Channel I stands, SW Engtond, 8 
Wales Sunny kitervais and squaSy 
sho wo rs ; wind NW strong to gate, 
" severe gale at first to 
max temp 7 to 9C to 

N Wales, NW, central N England, 
Lake District, Isle of Man, SW Scotland, 
Glasgow, Argjri, Northern be lands: 
Showers, prolonged and heavy at Gmas, 
bright totervab especially later, max 
tamp 6 to 9CM3 to 46Fk 

Border*, Erfinbergh, Dundee, Aber- 
deen, Moray Rite Showers, perhaps 
prolonged at times, sleet or snow over 
ha, especially later, bright intervals; 
wnd NW strong to gate. Severn gate at 
times m exposed places; max temp 6 to 

Central Hylands. NE.KW Scotland, 
Orkney: Showers or longer outbreak of 
rain,, snow over high ground with 
drifting; beco min g brighter with sunny 
intervals later, vmd NW strong, gale, 
becoming N later. Max tamp 5 to 7C(4i 


Shetland: Rain at times, becoming 
showery, perhaps of stoat or snow latsr, 
wind N strong to gate; tfiax tamp 5C 
(41 F) becoming couer. 

Outlook for tomorrow and Thmsday: 

Showers with sleet or snow 

N. Very windy at first, 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sea: Wind W. 
gate or severe gate, occasionaly storm; 
sea very rough. Straps of Dover. 
EngBah Channel (£k St George's 
Channel Wind W, strong or gate, 
occasionally severe gala; sea very 
rough. Irish Sm: Wind, veering NW gate 
to Btomv decreasing strong to gale; sea 
very rough. 

Sunrtaa* - Son sets; 
8*1 mi 419 pm 

102S am 
First quarter Jauwy 17,. 

9. IS pm 

’ \ • ’’.V 

An intense depression NE of 
Scotland will move away 

Lighting-op time 

London 448 pm to 730 am 
BrfaM 4*3 pm to 7*9 am 
Cdtatawya 4*9 pro to &ot am 
Kancftaator <48 pm to 747 am 
5.16 pm to 7*8 am 


Temp aio t u ra s a midday yatarflay: c, dond; t 

far. i. rain; a. sun. 

c P C F 

■Hot r 9 48 Guernsey r -10 50 

Onraneham e 9 48 lmr*niasa r 9 48 

tn e rtn oqi e 8 46 Jersey c 10 50 
Bristol d 10 50 London c 11 52 
CmOtt c 9 48 W.nn-hilter c 10 50 
fAiborgh r 8 48 Nnrcata c 9 48 

Gteagow r 9 48 HoaaHsamr r 8 48 


Vota nlay; Temp: max 6 am to 6 pm. lie 


6 prn, it 

Highest and lowest 

Ta awrd e i. ts gheat day ramp: Colwyn Bay.l4C 
{57F1: loweil day max: Lenafeft*C (43Ffc 
ht^ast ntafc tMabel 9 , 1 Lre to; ttfrmx. 
aunshta BataUU hr. 


l Printed and puMisbcd by Ton 

Newspapers Limited. P.O. Box 7, 200 
Gray's tnn (tad. Loodoa. WCIX 8EZ, 
ta. T depbo cc 01-837 1234. Teta: 
-—-71. TUESDAY January 14 1986. 

Repsawl as nv^rtpaper u the Post Office. 

High tides 

r-ratv s-snow; tb-mondaratonn; p-atxwere. 
Amiws show Mind tarectort, mnd apBad (rrpft) 
drdad. rampar ta ras ca t ti ra de. 






London Bridge 












12* 10.10 





































ssr - 1 



5* 12*3 
8* 8*7 


























UBford Haven 





















































g 77 


Around Britain 

Oottfn - *3 

LowtaafCW - - 

VMntMnB - XS 

BriaWfCW^ - .11 

CaraniteO - *6 

Anglesey - *1 

B‘pool(Mrpf) -- JO 

ySn dSS S t - *8 

Nottingham - *8 

Ntta-Tyne - J07 

- *3 

C F 

11 52 drlzzta 
11 52 cloudy 
14 57 rakipm 
1 34 dul 
9 48 rakipm 
It 52 ahemara 



- *0 
- *1 
- .80 
Ttom 0* *8 

Stornoway - .73 

Lntwfck - *1 

Wtck - .14 

KMoso - .17 

Aberdenn - *9 

St Androwa 

EdMbmgh - .12 


04 .15 

11 52 
11 52 
11 52 
10 SO 

10 50 
9 48 

11 52 
10 50 
10 SO 

10 50 

9 48 

11 52 
10 50 
10 50 

9 48 
6 43 

8 46 
10 50 

9 <8 

rain pm 

SOW pm 
ran pm 
had pm 

hall pm 
ten pm 
rain am 
timers pm 

10 50 timer* 
10 so ram am 


IMXMtt c. dart d. titrate t ftra: ife log: r. rta a, an an. snow. 







C F 
I 13 S 
e 17 63 
( IB 64 
I 16 59 
r 848 
f 11 82 
a 19 B6 
r a 92 

f 12 54 

a 5 41 
r 3 87 
c 19 SB 
C 12 54 
a 9 48 
f 12 54 
C 9 48 

Bodtati s 2 38 

Buaa AMS' t 13 E5 
Cairo a 18 64 
Capa TP a 23 73 
CUnce a IS G9 
Chicago* c 3 37 
tt’ctaeb' a 21 70 


D ti brov n O t 
Hm s u es 



C F 
r 9 48 
r 4 39 
a 14 ST 

r 10 so 

a 16 89 
a B 43 
d 7 45 
C 18 64 
r 3 37 
a 16 6T 
a 20 68 
sn 0 32 
I < 39 
a 27 81 





New York* 






c f 

a 14 57 
s 15 59 

9 20 68 
a 12 54 
r 19 88 
r 3 37 
r 4 39 
an -14 7 
a) 238 
t 73 87 
8 12 54 
8 20 68 
9 948 
a 12 54 
a -1 30 
c 10 50 


s SO 68 

a 20 68 Berth a 28 79 
fg 6 43 Prague al 1 34 

o 3 37 RnyttaBc c 4 39 

t-Angtioa* a 23 73 Hbooea 1 i« $7 
lutaambg r a 43 Ryatfli s 19 BS 

MatiM . s 6 43. noeaJan a 29 82 

• denotes Sundays figwsa aretsteat nveatiile 

C F 
0 12 54 

Srrantiaco’a 11 52 
a 29 B4 
a -4 25 
I 29 84 
c 1 34 
r 5 41 
i 24 75 
a 17 63 
C 17 63 
a 19 66 
a 7 45 
e -4 89 
e 15 59 
a 13 55 
( 4 33 
% -2 28 
i a a? 

— c 2 as 

WMNnfOaars 13 55 
Wtittagton* I 20 68 
Znricb an 1 24 



Vi nous