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3^ h 

1*4 k* r ’SP***, 1 

No 62*345 


■'". 'J 




Shy warrior. , 

-Profile of Israels 
Prime Minister, 

Shiicon Peres 

Sky warrior * 
Michael Heseltine: 
Guardian or wrecker of 
the nfles?. . 

Running man 
What does the 
future hold for : . 

Sebastian Coe? 
Dancing girls 
Book reviews of 
Bluebell and ' 
Chorus Line ' 

The work place 
Eight pages of General 

Foot winners share yesterday’s 
£2,000 Times Portfolio compe- 
tition prize. They are Mr B. 
Losis of Prestwood, Bnckmg- 
luunshire, Mr Ml Drary of 
Watford, Hertfordshire, Mr B. 
Shephard of Honiel Hemp- 
stead, Hertfordshire, and Mr 
H. Watson ' of Fitfleworth, 
Sussex. Portfolio list, page 20; 
how to play, information 
service, hack page 

rates rise 

The Bank of England went to 
unusual lengths to calm the CSty 
and prevent a further “inappro- 
priate” rise in interest' levels 
after the money market rates 
shot up, prompting fears of a 1 ^ 
point increase in .honk. ba se, 
rates to 1 4 per cent' . 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

Teachers- peace 
talks goon 

Peace talks in flfe teachers' pay 
dispute, which j were described 
as “fruidhl** by a mtionleadcr, 

" adjourned by Acas, the 
"non servtce^^nd-.wflj 
today . .ftqjtjj 

^Jobless cut is 
;CBI priority 

The Confederation of British 
- Industry has called on the 
- v Chancellor to give priority, in 
~\his Budget to measures to 
reduce imcmfrloynxenv rather 
than reducing personal taxes or 
helping business . . . . Page 21 

The Prime Minister hopes to nse-the 
confi dential letter from Sir Austin Pearce, 
British Aerospace chairman, against Mr 

1 Mr Leon Brittan said y esterday that he 
still had not seen the contents of the letter, 
believed to support some of Mr Heseltine' s 

W An anonymous, but apparently pro- 
Sikorsky buyer, added another 6 per cent of 
Westland shares to the 9 per cent he 
purchased on Monday- ; 

■ Conservative members of the European 
Parliament joined with Socialists, liberals 
- and Communists in supporting the Euro- 
pean co ns o rtium . - 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

. The Prime Minister win 
publish the “private and strictly 
confidential' letter, from Sir 
Austin Pearce, chairman of 
British Aerospace, r and her 
reply, as' part of an all-out 
onslaught . against Mr Michael 
Heseltine over- the. Westland 
affair in the Commons today. 

. After, a - day of .ministerial 
doubt and confusion, Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher told Mr NeH 
Kinnock in -Commons question 
time;- “My office has been, in 
touch -with Sir Anstjn Pearce. It 
will be iny intention to consult 

out of the Anglo-European bid 
for a Westland stake “in the 
national interest”. 

• Mr Brittan told the Com- 
mons on Monday that this was 
untrue. He reported that he had 
said: “It was not . in the national 

interest that the uncertainty - „ 

involving Westland should draa Mr , Heselune - successfully 
oh " - argued for the continued exist- 

ence of the agreement, without 

Mr John MacGregor, Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury - were 
said to be “prepared to repudi- 
ate or reject*’ the armaments 
directors’ recommendation, 
which would have, been the 
basis for any European bid. 




the Prime Minister 
to' Mr Heseltine’s 
charges In a full-scale 
Commons debate today, the 
former Secretary of State for 
Defence and The Labour leader 

v;.,. lM . r ,1..- ouu jug uwuui icu 

^ keen - to concentrate on 
the central issue of the Wes- 

S ^ - r j* «** «f 

miuaiwui jwyiiLduuu. support away from a European 

-Yesterday . : momin& Mr Leon rescue to an Ameri can Sikorsky 
Brittan, Secretary of State for bid put- up by . United Tech- 
Trade and ' . Industry, who nologies^FiaL 

to the House of . Sources dose to Mr Brittan 
ons on - Monday^, after., yesterday confirmed that he haH 
denying knowledge of. a letter- actively ■ attempted to HD the 

from BAe, : told journalists at 
Westminster “I haven't seen 
the contents of Sir Austin's 
letter because it is strictly 
private and confidential.” 

Sowning Street sources .said 
later -that he would be shown 
the letter and would be con- 
sulted about areply. * 

The tetter is understood to 
repeat the claim made by Mr 
Heseltine in last Thursday's 

November 29 provisional rec- 
ommendation of the European 
national armaments directors, 
at two ad hoc minis terial 
meetings on December 4 and 5, 
because the agreement to meet 
future needs with helicopters 
designed and built in Europe 
was intended to block Sikorsky- 

At those meetings a majority 
of ministers -- Mrs Thatcher, 
resignation statement that Mr Lord Whitdaw. the Lord 
Brittan pressed Sir Raymond President, Mr Brittan, and Mr 
Lygo, chief executive of British Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor of 
Aerospace, to pull his company the Exchequer, <»- his alternate. 

ministerial endorsement, as the 
foundation of. his efforts to 
create a European offer. 

That was accepted by. a 
majority of colleagues at a 
further and larger meeting of 
ministers, the economic afioirs 
committee of the Cabinet, on 
December 9. 

The BBC television Panor- 
ama programme reported on 
Monday night that a minute to 
ministers from Mr Brittan, 
dated October 18, had reported 
that Sir John Cuckney, chair- 
man of Westland, b a d said 
“that he was well aware of the 
Government's preference for a 
European minority sharehold- 
ing in Westland and attached 
weight to that preference.” 

The • minute said: “The 
Secretary of State noted what 
Sir John said. He said that a 
European minority sharehold- 
ing was in both the commercial 
and the political interests of the 

By December 4 Sir John and 
Mr Brittan, along with the 
Prime Minister, had become 

Continaed on backpage, col 2 

Mrs Thatcher leaving Downing Street for the Commons 
yesterday (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

nearer victory after 

V By Patience Wheafcroft 

‘Dallas’ returns 

■ Dallas, the US soap, opera, 
— returns to BBC . screens lot 
March, after the settlement of 
the commercial dispute in 
which Thames TdewWon took 
it from the BBC last year. 

Danish crisis 

Denmark was plunged into a 
political crisis as the Prime 
Minister, Mr Poul ScMnter, 
threatened a referendum on the 
proposed EEC reforms if the 
Social Democrats Hocked them 
Earlier story, page 5 

Newspaper talks 

Asoffirials of the dectnaans' 
union prepared to dnscuss with 
News . International' an agreed 
mem covering its new . dock- 
lands plant, journalists at The 
"Sunday Times' spoke of a 
possible alternative newspaper 

Libyan alert 

US Navy F18 jets .from the 
carrier Coral Sea intercepted 
two Libyan MiG 25s shadowing 
a US reconnaissance: ptene over 
the Mediterranean. The Libyans 
returned to base. ' 

Dutch caution 

The head of the biggest. Dutch 
police, union Iras advised his 
members “to pack up and nm”. 
hi case of a terrorist attack 


Tebbit operation 

Mr Norman Tebbit.. the Con- 
servative Party dramnan who 
was injured in the Brighton 
bombing in -October 1984, has 
had a Further operation at Stoke 
Mandeivilk HospitaL : The 
hospital said it had gone well, * 

Airlift appeal 

Lesotho has appealed to Britain 
rnd the United States to help to 
provide an' airlift to' "beat a 
xwder blockade by .South 
Africa • Page? 

‘HemeNm .2-4 
Rheums 5,7,8 
Amts H 
Aitt |8 

-Cbwt . l& 

- U 

ntetettm ■ 15 

ON tun - *8 

pMibuMJt - 4. 
Pmpsly 38,31 
galr Boom J5 
Sdcnce . to 
&»w reports 34 
Spwt -- 24-26. 
TV&Satio 33 
natottie 33 
r- 34 

wa*.; to 

.Westiand-'toofed ctoeer to foe shares if he bids for 

its .fight lo join with the . entire company within a 
— — ' year. 

Fiat yesterday as an 
us, ; and. apparently 
, 'buyer added a 6 
per cient holding: to. tbe'9 per 
cent he bought on Monday. . 

“As the Westland share- 
holders' meeting went through 
foe formalities of opening at the 
Connaught Rooms, ia -London 
only , to be adjourned to foe 
Albeit Hall, on Friday, foe real 
excitement was in foe stock 
market where the vital votes 
were bemgbought and sold. 

Apart from the anonymous 
buyer, it is also believed that Mr 
Alan Bristow; a supporter of the 
rival European consortium, -was 
offering to boy more shares. 

The 6 per cent, though* to 
have been accumulated from 
institutions sot expected to vpte 
for foe . Sikorsky, deal, . . was 
Bought through 'Westland's 
brolrer,Bowe &Ktmaii. . 

Mr Peter Wflraot-SitweU, a 
senior partner, said foe price 
was closer id £i than £1.25, 
although the. buyer jpaid sfightly 
more than £1215 for ibe shares 
he bought on Monday; . 

His total, holding is now 
fractionally below 15. per. cent 
and is likely to. stay, there 
because Stock Exdumge rules 
dictate that, should the holding 
go above 15 per cent the buyer 
must, offer sbarefioWOT w 
highest cash price be. paid tor 

Mr _ Wflmot-Sitwefl said: 
“Our client wishes to retain the 
maximum - flexibility.** He 
refused to give any indication of 
the client's identity and Wes- 
tland's board and its adviser say 
they do not know who it is. 

• . But Mr David Home of 
lloyds . Merchant Bank, ad- 
visers to foe European consor- 
tium. is still querying whether 
there is a link between Westland 
and foe new . shareholder. If 
there were. Stock Exchange 
rules,' although not the law. 

would prohibit the shares from 
bring voted at Friday’s meeting. 

The Stock Exchange has 
discussed this with Mr Wilmot- 
Sitwefl, who says that he put 
questions to his client, assured 
himself that there was no 
connection with Westland, and 
related this information to the 
Stock Exchange. “They were 
satisfied there was no relation- 
ship’', he said. - 

But Mr Home insists that if 
this is the case, foe share-buyer 
need not remain anonymous. 
“This sort of thing brings foe 
City into complete and utter 
disrepute”, he said. 

He thought the Sikorsky deal 
could still be defeated, although 
foe Westland board is confident 
that it will get the necessary 75 
per cent shareholder support at 
Friday’s meeting. 

Mr Horae had been told that 
foe 2 per cent of proxies he 
received too late for counting in 
today's scheduled ballot can be 
included for Friday’s meeting. 

In theory this takes commit- 
ted support for the European 
consortium to 23.5 per cent 
However, although some of the 
shares changing hands today 
may not be registered in time 
for Friday’s meeting, they will 
have been sold with an agree- 
ment that foe previous owner 
votes on behalf of the new 
owner. Previous proxies can be 

From Richar d Owen, Strasbourg 

Conservative Euro-MI*s ye£- : European pillar in foe Atlantic long-term jobs for foe Westland 

terday defied foe Government Alliance as well as an American 

by joining. Socialise, Liberals 
and Communists in urging 
Westland ; shareholders to opt 
for foe European solution rather 
-than SQcbri&y^Flat. " , . 

A joint European Parliament 
resolution called on _ EEC 
member states to “use their best 


one- aiid that this could be 
achieved oiily if Europe main- 
tained an effective design and 
research capability. 

Mrs : Margaret Daly, Con- 
servative MEP for Somerset 
arid Dorset West, said it was 
extraordinary that neither Wes- 
fiand-nor foe .Government had 
given greater consideration to 

endeavours-' , to ensure ^ 

continuation of an independent ihe European option, 
and .viable helicopter. mduary Mrs, -Daly, whose constitu- 

te the Eiuope^ Community". : e ncy includes the Westland 
The .resolution . noted. That works said her main concern 
European security depended oh and that.of-ofoer Conservative 

the existence;, - of a strong MEPs was in foe creation of 

workforce, and that the Euro- 
pean ‘ solution appeared to 
provide this. 

She had spoken to West- 
land employees and was not 
convinced that either workers 
in the company or the board 
were fully aware of foe details of 
foe European bid. - 

Asked if her group’s stand 
would embarrass Mrs Thatcher. 
Mrs Daly said: “The Govern- 
ment has to be seen as looking 
at the offers eyen-handediy." 

Partiament, page 4 
Photograph, hack page 

Scots and French in 
squall over trawler 

By Ronald Faux 

A diplomatic storm has been wrecked and foe local people's 
whipped up after waves drove a proprietorial attitude to the 
French irawier on to the rocks spoils :gave Compton McKenzie 
off foe island of Baira in the foe idea for his book. Whisky 
Hebrides. 1 ' ’ ' ' Galore. 

.' French maritime authorities .Monday Mr James 

yesterday alleged that Scottish >lacreod. of Bruermsh, foe 
fishermen demanding salvage ^°PP er 3 ^ P°I af Fisk, 
rights were preventing foe crew demanded salvage payment, 
of foe trawler, foe Magdaletee. According to the French auth- 
from rejoining their ship. M “ ie Magdaleme s crew of 

Michel Tricot, the maritime nine was refused permission to 
affairs administrator in Concar- aboard the trawler until foe 

neau, said that he had asked foe 
French embassy in London to 
despatch a diplomat to the 
Hebrides to help foe crew regain 
their vesseL 

matter was settled. 

They returned to foe local 
hotel to await foe outcome of | 
the negotiations between foe 
Scots and representatives of the 

The Magdaletee was driven and 'Pf 11 *** wh ° fleW 

on to rocks outside Castlebay into Baira on Monday, 
on Sunday in a violent storm in . In France, M. Tricot did not 
which foe skipper was blown dispute that salvage payment 
overboard. The Barra lifeboat was due but said that a refusal 
look off foe crew but a search in to allow the crew to rejoin their 
foe darkness for foe missing vessel had no legal precedent- 
seaman was fruitless. The Mr Macleod was annoyed 
irawier was later towed into that the French had called in the 
shelter by a local boat, the Polar diplomats. “There is no need 
Fisk. for that at all. No one was 

Barra is no stranger to preventing them from going 
shipwreck, factual or fictitious, anywhere.’’ he said. The Mag- 
It was in those waters that a daleine’s steering gear was out 
ship loaded with whisky was of action. 

fall 43% 

Despite a 29 per cent increase 
in form support expenditure, 
forming incomes fell last year 
by an estimated 43 per cent (our 
Agriculture Correspondent 
writes). According to foe 
Government’s annual review of 
agriculture, incomes were in 
real terms less than a third of 
the level reached in 1973. the 
year -Britain entered foe EEC. 

Ministry officials attributed 
foe- drop largely- to the bad 
weather, but Sir Richard Butler, 
president of the National 
Fanners* Union, said that 
incomes .were at their lowest 
since foe war and that foe 
underlying downward trend 
could not be ignored. 

Sir -Richard . warned the 
Government that the . collapse 
in incomes could have dire 
consequences for the rural 

Continued financial. pressure 
on forming could do to foe 
countryside what the industrial 
recession had done to the inner 
cities, be added. . 

Poor yields, page 4 

Ban for women cricketers in South Africa 

All women cricketers wish- 
ing to - be considered for 
selection by England, will have 
to sign a declaration in Mm 
tost they wBl not playfor coach 
in South Africa- This new anti- 
*p*rth*id measure announced 
yesterday fry. foe Women’h 
Association <WCA) k 
ss drastic a stipulation as any. 
amateur sports body had ever 
frgpcged on its madias h ttb : 

• It follows strong- condem- 

playing for England this year. 
Though the Unicorns are not 
affiliated to the WCA, who 
remain unaware who was in foe 
touring party, Association 
members were consdoue of the 
repercussions this -private tour 

could bare' oo representative 
English women's cricket. ~ 
^We : have foe Indian 

women's team here for an 
i nte rn a tional tour-next summer 
and the Australian women for a 
Jubilee visit m 1987 and these 
, visits - would have been in 
, jeopardy if we did not xcf\ said 

Unicorns visit became known**. 
The WCA received £23,000 
this year from the Sports 
Council and this sum provides 

flig lai4r l>n«i» tolhotr fiiBmpwi. 

Miss -Mowai -said the only 
Unkorn whose identity they 
knew was the ma nager, Mrs 
Pamela Groves, a West Mid- 
land county player. “We are 
not bothered who the players 
were, and see no necessity to 
try to find out,” Miss Mowat 

' Among the. Unicorns’' play- 
ers who emerged last nigbt as 

EXwIg 1 ! CQUfflZr 1 j€OfU»yii wc iuu urn. au. j , miu . ef» ,*ruu cuki^«i ■ ,*T 

****** at the WCAV recent . foe -WCA chairraan, Cathy , haring been involved with foe 
ammaT meeting of the receat Mowat. /“We -are’ also in foe • tour was. Cathy Hams, who 

threes of. seeking om anmnl; 

^ foe^ Sports 

‘critical noises’ since . the 

v|sit top Sooth Afirica. hy d.12- 

strong women's team caning 
toemsehes Umoorns, ' Whose 
pjBjcrs jaw betel banned from 

came to. Britain from Zimbabwe 
{wo years ago witb the specific 
ambition of finning greater 
cricket opportimitics and vrin- 

ning -England selection. Miss 
Harris was ndtog her parents 
in Sooth Africa, and performed 
12th man duties when another 
player was injured. Miss 
Harris, who now fives in 
Malvern, and a full member of 
the Unicom party, Angela 
Banib ridge (Kent Inricta) were 
both candidates to. play against 
India this year. .. 

The WCA have particular 
cause to be aware of the 
dangers of South African links. 
In February, 1983 they had a 
scheduled tell tour to West 
Indies ranceited became the 
Caribbean Womens’ Cricket 
Federation objected to foe 
indusioB of five players who 
had. visited . South Africa 
privately four years earlier. 

Battle rages 
after Aden 
Army split 

By Out Foreign Staff 
• Fighting raged in Aden 
yesterday between rebels and 
troops loyal to President Ali 
Nasser Muhammad of South 
Yemen after Monday’s an- 
nouncement of an attempted 
coup, diplomatic and maritime 
sources in the region said. 

-Tanks were reported to be 
attacking the presidential pal- 
ace. A Bahrain shipping execu- 
tive in touch with Aden said 
President Muhammad Iradbeen 
critically wounded in the 
original coup attempt and 
rumours were rife that he had 

The Army apparently split 
after ' Aden radia on Monday 
announced foe execution of 
four of foe country’s leading 
politicians in the wake of the 
foiled coup, including fonner 
president Abdul Fatah Ismail. 

The radio went off the air at 
midnight, imd all telephone and 
telex links with Aden were 
interrupted yesterday. 

A Japanese freighter, the 
Daffodil, told its headquarters 
that tanks and gunboats had 
begun firing in the harbour area, 
damaging foe Italian Embassy 
and catching the British Em- 
bassy’ near by in foe crossfire. At 
least four ships were reportedly 
set on fire on Monday night 
The Foreign Office confirmed 
there was shooting around the 
Embassy but said no one inside 
was hurt. It also reported foal 
aircraft were bombing Aden 
airport early in the morning and 
tanks were m the surrounding 
Khormaksar district. ' 

A British diplomat to Sanaa. 
North Yemen, told Associated 
Press that all Britons in Aden 
were safe. 

9 DELHI: Mr Haider Abu 
Bakr al-Attas. the Prime Minis- 
ter of South Yemen, cancelled a 
scheduled trip to China and 
stayed in India' awaiting instruc- 
tions from his Government, his 
aide said (Reuter reports}. 

Safety at 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 
Hundreds of cricket, rugby 
and other sports grounds will 
have to meet the stringent new 
safety standards demanded of 
football league dubs after foe 
Bradford fire disaster last 
May, under a report just 
received by foe Government. 

Mr Justice PoppleweU, 
appointed to investigate foe 
Bradford fire on May 11, the 
rioting involving BbinJughani 
City and Leeds United fans on 
foe same day and foe Enroean 
Cup final tragedy in Brussels 
on May 29, Is expected to 
recommend in a report to be 
published tomorrow that all 
sports grounds capable of 
holding more th an a specified 
number of spectators should 
meet foe new standards. He is 
understood to have set the 
figure at between 5,000 and 
10,000 spectators. 

He will propose that they 
should be designated urgently 
under foe Safety of Sports 
Grounds Act, 1975 which will 
mean the introduction of 
expensive fire and security 

After foe Bradford fire, 
which killed 56 people, all 
dubs in the third and fourth 
football divisions were desig- 
nated. They are receiving 
assistance from foe Football 
Trust, which devotes 55 per 
cent of income it receives from 
pools promoters to ground 
improvements. The Govern- 
ment is giving the clubs five 
years to complete the work but 
is not making finance available, 
because of foe Football Trust 
income. Other sports do not 
have similar sources of finance. 

The judge is understood to 
accept foe problems of finance 
and manpower that his pro- 
posal could cause, but he will 
my that foe millions who 
attend sports grounds every 
year are entitled to reasonable 
degrees of safety. 

He is expected also to 
propose a considerable tighten- 
ing of fire precautions with fire- 
fighting training for all stew- 
ards and a ban on foe bnikfing 
of stands made of combustible 

One of the most contro- 
versial ram mmMiiiiih'nnf is 
expected to be that foe ban on 
alcohol in executive boxes and 
lounges should be relaxed. 

The most significant change 
from Mr Justice Popplewell’s 
interim report published last 
July is expected to be foe 
dropping of foe proposal that 
away supporters should be 
banned freon football matches, 
although be stiD recommends 
strongly that dubs should 
introduce membership card 

Another expected proposal 
which the Government win 
study carefully will be that foe 
police should be given an 
unfettered right of search 
before entry to football 
grounds. I 

US ready 
to give 
to Ulster 

From Christopher Thomas 

London and Dublin are 
confident of getting massive 
American aid to help to rebuild 
Northern Ireland’s ravaged 
economy after “highly success 
fill” negotiations with the 
Reagan Administration this 


The un publicized joist ap- 
proach would have been unim- 
aginable before the Anglo-Irish 
accord approved by both 
parliaments in November. The 
new co-operation is viewed with 
great excitement in Congress, 
which has a powerful Irish 
lobby and is ready to welcome a 
request for White House tends. 

Since November, British and 
Irish officials have been draw- 
ing up broad details of an aid 
plan. There has been no 
discussion of figures, but the US 
Administration is thinking to 
terms of several hundred 
million dollars, despite its 
attempts to cut the budget 
deficit British and Imh 
officials believe between £200 
million and £350 million 

realis tic 

Two senior officials of the 
Northern Ireland Office with 
Mr Sean Donlon, Secretary of 
the Department of Foreign 
Affairs in Dublin, held three 
hours of talks on Monday with 
an American team headed by 
Ambassador Rozanne Ridgway, 
assistant Secretary of Stale for 
European Affairs. 

Discussion centred on aid 
that would most contribute to 
rebuilding Northern Ireland 
and border areas. 

But most of the money, at 
least initially, would go directly 
towards bombed-out inner-city 

The British and Irish teams 
will also explore offers of aid 
from Canada. Australia, EEC 
countries and New Zealand. 

9 A US economic aid package 
has been predicted confidently 
since the Anglo-Irish agreement, 
though discussion of its size is 
described by American officials 
as “very premature" (Richard 
Ford writes). 

King adamant, page 2 

Man charged 
over murder 
of girl in bed 

Detectives last night charged 
a South London man, aged 19, 
with the murder last week of 
Tessa Howden, who was 
strangled and sexually assaulted 
in her bed. 

Gary Taken, of Heather Way, 
Selsdon, near Croydon, who 
lives about a mile from the 
scene of the murder, was 
arrested yesterday afternoon at 
his home and taken to Croydon 
police station for questioning. 
He is not thought to be known 
to tixe dead girl or her family. 

Miss Howden, aged 19. was 
found strangled with a pair of 
tights when her father went to 
wake her. 








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Electricians reject TUG 
advice on agreement 
for new printing plant 

By Donald MacIntyre 
and Barrie Cement 
National officials of 


People ‘not to 

I'MHUUHi viuhuua ui MIC f . v w * 

Hectrical Electronic Telecom- PHIlt HI London 
munication and Plumbing F 

Union are to take part in talks 
with News International aimed 
at securing an agreement cover- 
ing the company's new printing 
plant in east London. 

In a decision which was 
welcomed by the company last 
night the electricians' union 
executive agreed to pursue its 
own talks at national level with 
management in spite of formal 
advice from the TUC general 
secretary, Mr Norman Willis, 
that the five print unions should 
make a joint approach to the 

The executive yesterday 
strongly criticized that advice as 
a “massive extension" of the 
TUCs and Mr Willis's own 
authority into local nego- 
tiations. But Mr Eric Ham- 
mond, the union's general 
secretary, was careful to make it 
clear he did not regard the 
decision to negotiate as being in 
defiance of the advice. A union 
ignoring official TUC advice 
could lace suspension or expul- 
sion from the TUC 


British Newspaper 
Printing Corporation last night 
warned staff at Mirror Group 
Newpapers tint the company 
could no longer print the 
Sunday People in London after 
last weekend's industrial action 
by members of Sogat ’82. 

A bulletin, signed fry Mr 
Alan Rowe, the corporation’s 
m a n a gin g director, which was 
sent around the Mirror head- 
quarters in Loudon yesterday, 
referred to the “anarrhial” 
actions of the Sogat Sunday 
People machine room chapeL 

The industrial action, which 
led to the loss of 1.5 million 
copies of the newspaper, was 
taken in support of clerical 
members of the union who had 
been on strike in a dispute 
about the introduction of new 
rotas designed to reduce over- 



The decision by electrician^* 
leaders formally commits the 
union only to continuing 
negotiations at national level 
and provides that the executive 
will consider the outcome “in 
the light of the advice from Mr 
Willis". Mr Hammond said that 
the union would not enter any 
agreement without first inform- 
ing the TUC general secretary. 

The carefully worded state- 
ment from the EETPU execu- 
tive emphasizes that correspon- 
dence from Mr Willis had made 
it clear that separate nego- 
tiations. were not 

precluded by the TUC. It made 
no formal comment either way 
on whether the electricians 
would make a deal if the talks 
were successful and the TUC 
advice was sustained. 

Mr Tom Rice, national 
officer of the EETPU covering 
the print industry, will now 
press News International to 
incorporate in its proposals 
elements included in other deals 
recently concluded by the 

for the whole workforce, in- 
creased employee involvement 
and equal opportunity clauses. 

The EETPU said there 
seemed to be a desire to “have a 
go" at the union since the turn- 
around in the TUC policy on 
slate funding for ballots ensured 
that it would not be expelled on 
the issue. It said that the 
“overwhelming decision" by 
EETPU members to support the 
acceptance of state money was 
“far more about our indepen- 
dence as a union" 

The union said that attacks 
on the union in the London 
Sogat Post, a newspaper issued 
by the print union’s London 
district, made it “very difficult” 
to respond positively to Mr 
Willis. It added that EETPU 
members could not be made to 
conform to decisions of other 
union.” even with the backing 
of Mr Willis's advice.” 

Mr Hammond referred to the 
strike ballots at present under 
way among Sogat and NGA 
members at News International 
publications, and complained 
“that those unions which are 
asking us to join them in a joint 
approach are girding their loins 
for a strike. 7 can't think that is. 

the proper basis for beginning 
negotiations. It is another 

The company said last night 
it was pleased to hear of the 
EETPU derision, “Wc our- 
selves suggested before Christ- 
mas that we should all meet at 
national level and look forward 
to having productive meetings", 
a spokesman said. 

Meanwhile, the National 
Union of Journalists a t The 
Sunday Times yesterday urged 
their officials to draw up plans 
for an alternative newspaper if 
there was no union agreement 
to print their own within the 

At an NUJ chapd {office 
branch) meeting called in 
response to the announcement 
that a fourth section of the title 
would be produced at Wapping 
□ext weekend, journalists ex- 
pressed the opinion that Gtv 
finance could be available foi- 
such a venture. 

The mandatory meeting also 
called for a constructive but 
"evolutionary” approach to 
solving the company’s problems 
and expanding and moderniz- 
ing its operations. 

But the chapel also warned 
the company that it deplored 
management actions “designed 
to provoke industrial action and 
thereby dismiss workers with- 
out redundancy pay". 

Meanwhile all NUJ members 
have been instructed not to go 
to Wapping for any purpose 
until they have serared the 
authority of their chapel father. 

Leaders of journalists on The 
Times which is printed on the 
same presses, yesterday wrote to 
management calling for clarifi- 
cation of their members' position 
should the four papers be 
switched to Wapping and Glas- 
gow in an mdustrialdlspute. 

The NUJ has been exempted 
from the six month Hwadimf 
imposed on all production 
unions for the withdrawal of 
house agreements. 

Meanwhile management met 
newspaper distribution com- 
panies in an attempt to secure 
agreement to deliver the extra 
part of The Sunday Times to 
retailers. Leaders of Sogat at the 
companies concerned have 
been asked to handle the extra 

start to 

Miss Valerie Ball, the puppeteer at 
Hamleys toy shop in Regent Street, 
displays a collection of Pelham 
Poppets, whose future is in donbt after 
the firm went into voluntary liqui- 
dation (Paul Vallely writes). 

In the Fifties and Sixties no toy 
cupboard was complete without a 
representative from the Pelham collec- 
tion made in Marlborough, Wiltshire, 
but in recent years turnover has fallen 
from £1 million to £300,000. A 
workforce of 150 which produced the 
famous range of characters from Andy 
Pandy and Pinocchio to the old Punch 
and Judy stalwarts has dwindled to 17 

Pelham was founded in 1947 by Mr 
Robert Pelham, who nsed surplus war 
materials to manufacture glove pop- 
pets and marionettes. Old tent toggles, 
were used to make the feet as was 
surplus gas mask tubing. Mr Pelham 
cornered the market in the tubing, 
buying up 35 years* supply. Many of 
the original models, including the 
horse, dragon, cat and Bimbo the 
Clown, are still made and sell welL 
But overall sales have dropped, a 
fact for which the Pelham craftsmen 
blame computer games. Some charac- . 
ters, such as Muffin the Mule, have 
been dropped from the range, though 
others,' such as Donald Dock, pro-/ 

dneed under licence from Walt Disney; 
are steady sellers. . 

Since Mr . Pelham died in -19$0 
employees sty that the firm tpst 
direction. Indecent years it kept afloat 
by selling off property. Mr Nicholas 
Tenner, the chartered accountant 
m a n a ging the firm (which is stiU hi 
full production) non b ehalf liquidator, is - 
hopeful that Pelham.- Puppets can be 

. Hamleys said that Pe lham -sales 
had gone up by 20 per cent last year. 
“Children still love them. It would be 
sad if they went," a saleswoman said. 

PhotographzDod Miller - - 

Town hall maybe sold to beat rate cap 

Cash cuts 

atom study 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

Crucial research at Imperial 
College, London, into atomic 
physics, in which Britain has led 
the world for more than 75 
years, has been abandoned 
because of government cuts in 
science spending. 

The college was unable to get 
a £130,000 grant for the project 
from the Science and Engineer- 
ing Research Council The woik 
is now to be taken up by a 
German research laboratory 
and the scientist who first 
proposed the study. Professor 
Jean-Patrick Connerade, pro- 
fessor of atomic and molecular 
physics at Imperial College, has 
been invited to collaborate. 

The case is another example 
of missed opportunity in a list 
being compiled by the Save 
British Science campaign. The 
investigation is at the frontiers 
of pure research, but the branch 
of atomic physics in question 
has provided the basis for 
important advances in key 
technologies, such as micro- 
electronics and lasers. 

The experiment, which in- 
volves passing new type of laser 
beam through a cloud of atoms, 
was identified recently by an 
international meeting of scien- 
tists as a study of vital 

The grant was needed for 
special equipment, the most 
expensive of which was a new 
“super-magnet”, to have been 
made by Oxford Instruments. 

Ford workers vote 
for action on pay 


By Our Labour Correspondent 
workers have voted rises of 3 per cent or 5 per cent j 
this year and 6 per cent next 

to support 
industrial action and rqect a 
two-year pay offer which is 
linked to a wide-ranging pack- 
age of changes in working 
practices, union leaders said last 

Voting by members of the 
Transport and General 
Workers’ Union in fivour of 
action was said to be in excess 
of 3-1 , and after indications that 
there had been a similar vote by 
engineering workers, the execu- 
tive of the Amalgamated Union 
of Engineering Workers gave 
official backing to their mem-' 

But strike action is not 
imminent because, after a 
meeting of the Ford unions of 
Friday, there is likely to be a 
fresh approach to the company 
to seek improvements in the 
offer which comprises baric 

The company said last night 
that it would not comment until 
it had been informed officially 
of the ballot vote among the 
37,000 hourly paid workforce. 
Ford has emphasized that die 
offer is “final” it is unlikely that 
the company would reject an 
approach for further talks. 

By Hugh Clayton 

Two London councils said 
yesterday that they might sell 
property to beat the Govern- 
ment's rate-capping squeeze. 
Mr Ted Knight, Labour leader 
of Lambeth council said yester- 
day: “We might try to sell the 
Town Hall and lease it back 

Asked if there was a prospec- 
tive buyer Mr Knight said: “Oh. 
always. We have been trying to 
sell it for years." A spokesman 
for the Labour-led Lewisham 
council said that negotiations 
for the sale of the council's 
freehold on the Catford shop- 
ping centre had reached a 
delicate stage. 

The council would not S3y 
who the prospective buyer was. 
It collects £10,000 a year in 
ground rent on the centre from 
Lancaster Holdings. Other rate- 
cappped councils are expected 
to explore asset sales as soon as 
they know how much spending 

power the Government will 
give them this year. 

The latest estimates for 
Lambeth and Lewisham suggest 
that the spending ceiling al- 
lowed under rate-capping law 
will be between 10 per cent and 
20 per cent less than they 
believe they need to spend. 

Asset sales are an alternative 
to last year's defiance which 
landed 32 Lambeth Labour 
councillors and 49 from Liver- 
pool in the High Court yester- 
day. They started their chal- 
lenges yesterday to the verdicts 
of district auditors that they 
should be surcharged for losses 
to ratepayers incurred through 
“wilful misconduct”. t 
Mr Lionel Read, Q-C, said for 
the Lambeth councillors that if 
they lost the case they would be 
banned from office for five 
years and face a joint bill of 
almost £127,000. That would be 
“way beyond the means of 
many, if not all ot them”. 

The case comes after the 

councillors' compaign last year 
to force more inner city cash 
from the Government'- by 
delaying the fixing of a rate. The 
Surcharge bills of more than 
£100,000 for each council arise 
from auditor’s estimates of 
potential interest lost through 
the late collection of rates. - 

Mr Stephen Bubb, Labour 
chief whip in Lambeth, said 
outside the court that 7 the 
councillors were £40,000 short 
of raising the £1 10,000 needed 
for the hearing. 

Lord Justice Glidewefl, - Mr 
Justice Caulfield and Mr Justice 
Russell decided to hear the 
Lambeth case first and then that 
for Liverpool The case, which 
is expected tp last several wceki, 
continues today.' ;~y 

that there had been leate from 
the inqury team which would 
cover many'of the issues to be 
argued; in- the court defence 
against surcharge. He - was 
“mentioning the likelihood ' of 
contempts of court". 

Mr Alexander Irvine, QC, 
said for .Labour’s national 
executive, thsL. , ihe inquiry 
would be private ^nd unrelated 
to the court proceedings. 

• The prospects of getting a 
high, price for Lambeth -Town 
Hall or the Catford shopping 
centre are slim, according to 
experts in the property market 
(our . Property Correspondent 
writes).... y 

It is most nnlikely that ihe 

• ■ By Lucy Hodges - ^ 
Education Correspondent ‘N . - 
Feace talks io the teacher*' V 
pay dispute were adjourned h* ■: M- 
night :by the .conciliation sty- • 

vice; Acts, after seven, and- ' 

half hours. They will reaW * 
this morning. ' • ••• Cfr 
Mr Fred Smithies, general : 'V V ' 
secretary of the National V ' 
Association - of -SchooW' C l ‘ 
[.ters/Umon of Women "Teach. : ' o'-*' 
.ers, said , ihe aiks had w/^- 
.fruitful but the toachers wS '-V- 
stiDseekinga betterpflfet '■ - - fj 

The last informal offer 'from ^ 
the local authority employed — 
was £.9 peir. cent, staged so that ’ ’ 

the end of March. Yesterday’s 1 
were sJow^movmg because 
is having to dal with 

three parties: the employers, 

■teachers' panel and the National • 

Union of Teachers, which fc : 

refusing to sit .with -the other- 
unions: ■. .. . . 

Meanwhile, the National. 
Association of Governors an$ - 
Managers, which, -represents 
some 3,000 •cboob aad school 
-governors, called for .a truce in 
-the 1 1-moonth dispute. ' 

“We-tuge the parties to stop 
using pupils and parents as 
pawns -in., their own . power 
struggles, and to declare a trace 
until an inquiry can produce an 
acaartahle end to this' damaging 
conflict”, it said. ' . 

It emerged yesterday that 
'members '.of the National 
Confederation Parent Teacher 
'Associations are split about the 
decision of their executive -to 
urge the teachers to go back to 
work. . - 

The Cheshire federation has 
dissociated . itself from the 
decision: Other associations are.- 
thought- to be angry - at” not • 
having been'consultedL 
As the conciliatioh talks got 
under. Way; yestsday, the 
National Union of Teachers, 
announced further strike action 
for thn month. • 

It said that more than 
200,000 teachers would strike 

.i \ 

,r:* . 

L-- ' 


- -J-- 

,ife was 
* limit 

s : 

2 K~ : 

for half a day between January ' ' l :; 

21 and Ffetyuary 4 in order to ' C ; 

attend rallies. On -January 22, 
there will be a . meeting in 
Genual -HaO, Birmingham, for 
more than 6, (XX) teachers; on 
January 23, a rally in Sheffield; 
and on the same day a rally for 
.30:000 peopte at the Arsenal 
football stadium in London. 

On January '29; . Mr Doug 
McAvoy, deputy general see-'; 
retary, will address striking 
teachers Jit.' N ewcastle upon 
Tyjte. •' .••••;• 


fjs - 

• The judges refused to fimds, would be interested 
make an order halting .the They look, in commercial 
Labour Partymvestiganonwfo terms! for inoderobuilgs with aB 
the Militant-dominated Liver- thc &dlities needed . to' ' the 
pool district patty - , . . decronic era, which thfc iageing; 

■ Mr Stephen Sedley, QC, said if. imposing, LambefoTown; 
tor the Liverpool councillors, Hall defesnot provide. 

University . dons go ovdfi+z . - 
tng investors in property, tfie.. first fime totiaydHP ■■ - 

insurance companies and pen- LThfeir oneway action wfll'iiii all *«'■', - 

.umversfcties in England^. 

Scotland add Northern Ireland. 

The strike- is over pay and 
cuts in university funding and 
what, dons- see aa the low 
priority given to higher edu- 
cation. by the Government 


:r- C::: 

. The offer gives a 3 per cent 
rise to most workers this year 
with an extra 2 per cent 
available to 10,000 lineworkers: 
next November's 6 per cent 
would be paid to all workers. A 
further 4 per cent has been 
offered this year if the unions 
win agree to fundamental 
changes in working practices, 
the removal of demarcation 
lines and flexibility of labour. 

Ulster 'polls 
‘will not 
halt accord 

Poll gives Labour 5% lead 


pubished yesterday shows 
Labour has moved five points 
ahead of the Conservatives in 
ihe past month. Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher’s popularity as a 
leader has also fallen. 

According to the survey by 
Market and Opinion Research 
International (MORI) for The 

By Stephen Goodwin 

opinion poll per cent would vote Conserva- 
tive and 28 per cent for the 
Social Democratic Party/Libe- 
ral .Alliance. 

A month ago MORI recorded 
the two main parties level at 35 
per cent Support for the i 
Alliance was unchang ed. 

The poll was conducted with 

London Standard, 38 percent of the Westland afiair well under 
those polled said they would way but before Mr Michael 
vote Labour if there was a Heseltine’s resignation as Sec-; 
general election tomorrow, 33 retary of State for Defence. 

By Richard Ford 
Ulster leaders were warned 
by Mr Tom King yesterday 
that the results of next week’s 
IS. by-elections would not halt 
the implementation of the 
Anglo-Irish .agreement 
The Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland added that 
during their campaigns they 
should outline their proposals 
for the future of the province 
after polling day. 

He has again written to the 
leaders of the Official Unionist 
and Democratic Unionist par- 
ties telling them he Is willing to 
listen to any points they wish to 
m ahe 

Mr King was speaking an 
hour before the Unionist 
parties lanched their joint 
manifesto. Mr James Moly- 
neaux of the OUP and the Rev 
Ian ^Paisley of the DUP 
criticized Mr King’s remarks 
saying he was treading the road 
dictatorship if he ignored the 
ballot box. 

Law reform proposals welcomed 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The office of Fair Trading 
yesterday welcomed the radical 
draft proposals to end restric- 
tive practices between the two 
branches of the legal profession 
and introduce common training 
and education. 

A spokesman said: “Anything 
that removes restrictions in the 
organization of the professions 
we would welcome and. indeed, 
ever since the OFT was set up, 
there have been attempts to 
remove such restrictions in the 
operation of the professions 


The consultative proposals. 

which have been drawn up by a 
subcommittee of the Law 
Society, are to come before its 
council meeting tomorrow. If 
endorsed as a suitable basis for 
discussion, they will go out to 
the whole profession and 
outside bodies for consultation. 

The proposal could result in 
the most fundamental reform of 
the legal profession this century. 
They envisage abolition of 
present demarcations between 
solicitors and barristers so that 
all lawyers could appear in all 
courts, and would allow all 
lawyers to deal direct with 

Yesterday the Bar declined to 

vice-chairman said: “The Bar 
has not been consulted and has 
not seen the document. It 
cannot, therefore, form any 

But the proposals received a 
guarded welcome from Mr John 
Morris, QC, the Opposition 
legal affairs spokesman. He 
said: “There is an awful lot be 
said for common education and 
training, and better education 
and training. I have never 
understood why it is so difficult 
for a barrister or solicitor to 
switch to the other branch.” 

But a lot more argument and 
debate would be needed before 
Mr Morris would back full-scale 

comment. Mr Peter Scott, the .fusion of the two branches “I 

am not in favour of a monopoly 
per se, but there are lots of 
considerations and arguments 
both ways,” he said. 

In November the chairman 
of the National Consumer 
Council. Mr Michael Montague, 
questioned whether the mon- 
opolies enjoyed by barristers 
and solicitors were in the public 
interest and suggested the time 
was rife for a re-examination. 

The Office of Bair Trading is 
conducting an inquiry into 
retrietions within certain pro- 
fessions and is due to report in 
August. This will cover matters 
such as advertising restrictions 
and restrictions on the way a 
profession offers its services. 

Fears that fewer will benefit from legal aid 

The Government's inquiry 
into the legal aid scheme may 
lead to reductions or cash- 
limits so that fewer people are 
entitled to benefit, lawyers said 

The Law Society, which runs 
the scheme, said: “We have 
grave reservations about this 
inquiry and believe it can only 
be regarded as a precursor for 
cuts, which would mean people 
caught np in the legal system 
will not get the aid, or 
representation, they need.” 

The Government annomued 
the inquiry on Monday against 
a background of rapidly esca- 

lating legal aid costs. Last year 
the total legal aid bill, both civil 
and criminal, was £320 million 
in England and Wales, a 300 
per cent rise in six years. 

There have been a number of 
scrutinies of aspects of the 
scheme recently. Last year the 
Law Society commissioned its 
own inquiry by management 
consultants, Coopers and Lyb- 
nmd, which concluded that 
running the scheme was best 
left with the Law Society itself. 

Yesterday a spokesman from 
the Lord Chancdjar's Depart- 
ment, which is to andertrite the 
inquiry together with officials 

from the Treasury and Cabinet 
Office efficiency unit, said the 
four-month scrutiny was a 
“housekeeping exercise.” 

There was no preconceived 
plan either to cat back on the 
system or expand it, he said. 
The Government was con- 
cerned to see legal aid provided 
in the most cost-effective way. 

Mr Peter Scott, QC vice- 
chairman of tiie Bar, welcomed 
the review, which he empha- 
sized had nothing to do with 
the current negotiations 
between toe Bar and Lord 
Chancellor’s Department on 
criminal legal aid fees. 

“The Bar considers that the 
amount of legal aid is basically 
inadequate and welcomes any 
review if it is likely to lead to 
greater efficiency in helping 
people who rely on legal aid, 
and will do what it can to help 
in the review." 

But concern that the review 
would lead to cash limits was 
also expressed by the Legal 
Action Group of lawyers and 
advice workers. A spokesman 
said: "The consumers of legal 
aid, those least able to get 
access to Justice, are unl&cly to 
benefit mm toe Gorenimcnfs- 
new review." 

Duke wants 
new attitude 
to industry 

The Westland^ affair 


By George Hill 

The Duke -of Edinburgh has 
called for a new attitude 
towards industry, inducting a 
reappraisal of taxation and of 
legislation which be' believes is 
“preventing thing* happening". 

As patron of Industry Year 
1 986, the event organized by the 
Royal Society for the encour- 
agement of arts, manufacture 
and commerce, the Duke says 
in an interview with the 
magazine Chief Executive that 
Britain suffers from an “anti- 

The pubfie? misery 'ofi Mr 'not onlyrthe contents but thfi 
Leon Britten a1 tiw £j 

please,: and 

to be intelligent, 
and eager tp 
Hot more .of a. 
political ahimaL 

Indeed, when he had to go 
constituency - 

looking for a 

at the dispatch- ' "very existenerp of a confidential 
box on Monday ■/ recalled ■ letter had to be, protected. Mr 
nothing so much as top equally Je n kin was di s carded after a 
public but far more .extended ■ decent intervalr Mr Brittain 
misery of his former colleague, .- likewise is safe, at least until toe 

Mr Patrick Jenkin, last yearas., hue and .try has died down. - ■ _ r . . . 

he guided toe Government's . Mr Britten and Mr - Jenidii r ^boundary changes 

hasuly-drafted and unpopular were figures of much the same ?*' 881 ® en '^ election. 

Bills to dip the finatial wingsof •• mark in Mrs ThatchdrV CUbr- l e niore^ .difficulty in 

local Government and abotish bet innSdw? a bS °** *5“ a 

- she has increasiiigiy sJrroundS : StoSSTtav^h^ 0 * 

Loyal, industrious, - jtedeir hersdf with: Capable, even ** * had 

Uian hamsters, both meutooed ' — - 

toe glee of their opponents 

•WS!* • 

'Jb-*-- • 
-bi:" •" 

mdiuny" prejudice ajaied by) ridSTofwM »nd thrirability. 

academics and intellectuals” 1 

brilliant iri their command of 

and has exported employment 
through buying foreign-made 

Spealcrag to toe magazine's 
editor, Mr George Bickers tafic, 
toe Duke says: “Industry has 
not got a very good popular 

“We’re also suffering to an 
extent from an unitentional fill- 
out of Marxism, which blames 
all the world’s ills on capital- 
ism”, he adds. “Capitalism is 
represented by industry, so 
industry is seen as being anti- 

The Duke says he supports 
the remarks made last year by 
the Prince of Wales that Britain 
could become a “fourth-rate” 
nation unless industrial atti- 
tudes changed. 

“Somehow professional 
employment is given a higher 
status than technical employ- 
ment. But each is as nec e ssa r y 
as the other.” He describes such 
notions as “dotty”. 

Companies should involve 
themselves more m the life of j 
local communities, recognizing 
their social responsibilities, he 

But he also believes that 
changes m legal and taxation 
structures are needed. 

“I don’t believe we have' lost 
the work ethic, but there is 
much less inducement, much 
less reward, in starting work 
than there used to be", he says. 

“The more you support 
people who don't work; toe 
more difficult it becomes to 
persuade them to work. Pm not 
suggesting that one sbouldnT do 
that; it’s just one of those awful 
dilemmas we’ve got ourselves 

to present a complicated case, 
Wodehouseian chevaliers under-./ but almost devoid of political 
interrogation by Sir Roderick; personality, and therefore m- 
Glossop, resigned to making-; capable of .ever representing a 
My persomd sacnfice to protect threat to berm those terms. Nor 
toe honourofa lady. . has either of them toe self-pro- 

/vner ms second big gam m a tective instinct, so valuable to a 
J if„ v • politician, of knowing when and 

EU?Slvfc hl *l2!i , Sj- tll v - h ? w wset out from under when 
rector which saved Mr L Jenkin 'disaster threatens. ■ 

for month upon month until bis 
legislation was safely' guided 
through: his departure would be 
interpreted as a confession of 
failure on toe Prime Minister’s 

However maladroit his 
flounderings over the strictly 
confidential letter 'from British 
Aerospace, ■ she was sitting 
beside him, knew the truth, and 

Cabinets need such. figures; to 
do toe work while the more 
colourful jockey for the lime- 
light, but in the nature of things 
their woes attract little sym- 
pathy even among their own 
party colleagues. Mr Britten was 

; -A si milar .lack of political 
surc-footedness was shown by - 
Mr Brittan last 'summer when, 
as Home Secretary, he told the 
BBC publicly that it would be 
against the national interest to 
broadcast a Real fares docu- 
mentary about Ireland in which 
Martin McGuinness, suppos- 
edly the chief of the IRA, wai 
interviewed. This comment 
induced toe BBC governors to' 
order toe withdrawal of the . 
programme, although the up- 
roar that followed was so great 
that it was eventually shown 
with minor alterations. 

This unprecedented - inter- 
vention; following so soon after-. 


tfstoie " 

' 5 * t! of 7 •, . 

$ r - 
!?0ir.rr •— 



jd l---' 

respected for his efficiency, but ; Mrs Thatcher lad dropped a 

hint on.- the subject, 
anything late a following either opened Mr Brittan fo.diai»» of 

edd h,ve ^ hun ^■gSgS!L£.-£ Sh&JtfL 

with disdain, as if it were fiintly the Home Office : 

o r 
JK -T 

‘ Eui!:-. 

quixotic in his assumption that 

Tories draw breath as new storm brews 



By Geoffrey Smith 
The most surprising; feature 
of Prune Minister’s Questions 
in the House of i Co mmons 
yesterday was that it provided 
an occasion of relative Mim 
between two storms. After toe 
traumas of the night before it 
afebt have been M« 
Thatcher's turn to be hounded 
over to e conduct of Mr Lean 
Brittan. In advance of today's 
full-scale debate on Westland, 
Mr Neil Kiimock might have 
taken the opportunity to nrac- 
rise the range of his artillery. 

But the exchanges were 
mated. The excitement was 
restrained. There wore prob- 
ably two reasons for this, t be 
first was that not even toe most ■ 
spirited rider can contonie to 
chase a fox that auaesiunuing 
obediently to toe first cry. Mr 
BflUtek had dearly cane 
primed to hmhast toe Prime 
Minister for keeping Sir Austin 
Pearce’s better a dosdy-mmr- - 
ded secret But Mrs Thatcher 
readfly volunteered that she 
was seeking Sir Austin's 
pernfentom to publish iL AB toe 

powerful rhetoric on toe evib of 
official secrecy had to be kept 
for anotoerday. . 

The . other reason for ■ the- 
rein tire calm was that every- 
body knew that ra .better. 1 
opportunity 'for putting toe 
Gov ernment on toie spot would : 
<wne in today’s debate. Qmes- 
thm Time is an' occasion: for' 
political •theatre rather - tittn * 

. friends* no cheers and counter 
dceers rendhq^toe air. On toe 
. Tory benches toere mre a few 
embarrassed smites, test above 
all 1 sensed in ' fedliiig of. 
emlian n!«inwif whether man, 
bera were smiling or not.. 
^-Perhaps '-this ' was'beoiHse 
.-Mu'. Whitfield’s remark was 
: ascribed to a not altogether 
cdHj'frgattemptto carry fivoi 

■ - 

; t p,V i- 
- ‘ 

pol itical i nquisition. W~ y waste with toe boss. But perhaps it 

a mmmiitk m on Ttwifiy -that 
be nsed to 'better effect’ 
ou Wednesday? 

For a. storm to ham blown 
up, something woidhl have had 
.to happen to take Si ; 'Honse 
unawares. The nearest, to toat' 
came when Mr Jtdm WKH^d, 
toe G mscrndhe member lire 
Uewsbary, refeutd io Mr 
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4 '', 

Substantial damages for 
boy who became deaf 
after use of drug spray 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

A “bright and. intelligent*’ 
schoolboy who is completely 
deaf after being treated, with an 
antibiotic drug spray as an 
infant, was awarded substantial 
undisclosed damages by a High 
{ Court judge yesterday. 

The boy. Daniel Taylor, now 
aged 10, has suffered nine years 
or silence since receiving the 
drug, which was known to carry 
a nsk of deafness. The spray, 
containing the drug neomycin, 
was administered to him in 
hospital when he was aged 11 
months, after he had been 
involved in a scalding accident 
at home. 

Mr Piers Ashworth. QC, for 
the boy. told Mr Justice Drake 
at the High Court in London 
that it was well known that the 
drug was linked to a risk of 
dcaftiess in 1970. By the time of 
the hospital incident in January 
1976, “it must have been 
absolutely clear to everyone.” 

Five days after being treated 
with the spray at the Lister 
Hospital in Stevenage, Hert- 
fordshire, the child was “totally 
deaf'. Mr Ashworth said. 

Although the makers of the 
spray. Avlex Ltd, a subsidairy 
of I CL, and the North Hertford- 
shire Health Authority, which 
was responsible for the hospital, 
had agreed to pay the boy 
damages they still denied 
i liability for the boy's deafness, 
he said. 

The condition must have 
been caused by something, he 
said, “and in my view there is 
no doubt whatsoever that 
someone is liable for this”. 

Yesterday’s case is the second 

in four months in which 
substantial damages have been 
paid in the High Court over the 
use of the drug. Last October 
Nicholas Jeary, aged IS, was 
awarded damages from a health 
authority, although his action 
against the makers was discon- 

Mr Justice Drake said yester- 
day that he was satisfied the 
award to the boy was adequate 
for his special needs. He 
ordered that £12.000 be paid 
immediately to Mrs Ann Tay- 
lor, the boy's mother, to help 
with the financial burden of 
caring for him. 

Last night his lather, Mr 
Peter Taylor, aged 37, a 
carpenter, of Campers Avenue, 


Daniel Taylor, who 
is now deaf 

Letcbworth, Hertfordshire, said: 
“We are pleased and relieved 
that the case is over. It has 
taken five years to win this 

“It seems a reasonable 
settlement, but it is difficult to 
put a price on the pain. and 
suffering "nd the loss of hearing 
that Daniel has experienced. 

“We don't feel .bitter about 
what happened. Nobody went 
out to make a mistake. We all 
make mistakes, but . un- 
fortunately this one changed 
Daniel's life." 

Daniel has been a residential 
iupil at the Heathlands School 
r the Deaf in St 'Albans, 
Hertfordshire since be was aged 
three. He has had to leant to 
communicate by sign language 
because his dearness has rcstric- . 
ted his speech to that of a four 
year-old, the court was told. He 
is “bright and intelligent” with 
an IQ of 1 12, . but his speech 
problems have left him back- 
ward at school, Mr Ashworth 

Mr Taylor said: “He is trying 
to be a normal boy despite his 
handicap. “We hope the award 
will mean that he will be- well 
provided for later in life, 
because he will be limited in 
what be can choose to do for a 

His son uses special com- 
puters and video units at school 
and at home to help him 
communicate and there is some 
prospect tha his speech may 
improve as he grows older; Mr 
Taylor said. 

Death crash 
wife was 
over limit 

The wife of Richard Linley, 
the National Hunt jockey, who 
was killed in a car crash whDe 
d* 1 *" 5 — - * - husband, had a 
b) Jjl count above the 

. .rfirtr t, an inquest was told 
.- yesterday. 

Mr Fenton Rutter, coroner 
for south-east Somerset, said at 
the inquest in Wincantoo, that 
Mrs Beverley Linley, aged 29, 
had 110 milligrams of alcohol 
per 100 millilitres of blood, 30 
above tiie limit. 

"Mrs Linley, of Colberry 
Farm, East Pennard, Shepton 
• f Mallet, Somerset was driving 
- 1 vith her husband at about 6 pm 
in November 28 from Gilling- 
ham in Dorset towards Wincan- 
ton. where her husband had 
been racing earlier that day. 
Their vehicle was involved in a 
i head-on crash with an articu- 
lated lorry. 

Mrs Linley died from mul- 
tiple injuries. Her husband, who 
was not at the inquest was 
thrown clear, but suffered a 
broken leg and internal injuries. 
He was not told of his wife’s 
death until some days later 
when recovering in Yeovil 
district hospitaL 

Recording a verdict of misad- 
venture, Mr Rutter said a main 
contributory factor to the 
accident was the lack of central 
white lines on a newly resur- 
faced bend in the road. 

He said he did not think a 
road sign warning a of the 
cessation of white lines had 
been placed sufficiently far 
away to give adequate notice to 

Mother of Tyra 
Henry stole 

The mother of Tyra Henry, 
the baby who was murdered, 
stole meat and other items from 
a supermarket three days before 
Andrew Neil, her boy friend, 
stood trial for the killing, Inner 
London Crown Court was told 

Claudette Henry, aged 20, of 
Thorn law Road, West Nor- 
wood, south London, and 
Tracey Goodey, aged 19. of 
Tyrrcl Road, cast Dulwich, 
were both put on probation 
after pleading guilty to shoplift- 

Slimming expert 
wins challenge 

A Harley Street slimming 
specialist. Dr Sidney Gee, was 
given permission by a High 
Court judge to challenge disci- 
plinary proceedings brought by 
the General Medical Council 
which were due to start today. 

Mr Justice Kennedy gave Dr 
Gee. of Regent’s Paris, central 
London, leave to seek judicial 
review of preliminary proceed- 
ings by the GMC professional 
conduct committee into alle- 
gations of serious misconduct. 

Prince ‘financed 
drug smuggling 9 

A Saudi Arabian prince “put 
up the money” for an 
international drug smuggling 
operation, a court was told 

Prince Mashour ben Saud 
Aziz, aged 31, the twenty-fourth 
son of the late King Saudi, is 
alleged to have helped finance 
the illegal importation of 
cocaine from Amsterdam to 
Britain. He is also accused of 
helping to sell the drug. The 
prince, of Cheval Place. South 
Kensington, west London, was 
appearing at Knightsbridge 
Crown Court with seven co- 
defendants. They face a total of 
20 drugs charges: 

The prince denies three 
charges of conspiring to import 
and to supply cocaine and 
possession of the drug with 
intent to supply. 

Mr Michael Worsley, QC, for 
the prosecution, said that the 
prince had admitted to police 
he helped to sell the drugs when 
they arrived in England. 

The prince told the police it 
was “just a business” 

Gary Savory, a co-defendant, 
was concerned “in a substantial 
way" with smuggling drugs 
from Holland and the prince 
assisted in financing his oper- 
ations, it was alleged. 

Mr Savory, aged 33, of 
Ryders Terrace, St John's 
Wood, north-west London, also 
had a flat in Amsterdam. He 
denied five charges of conspir- 
ing to import and supply 
cocaine, cannabis and ampheta- 

Nattra Muhammad, aged 90. dinted 
consotrlng to supply cocaine and Importing 
the drug. Ttaa Kane, ten) 26. of north-west 
London, dented tmoorttno "»»*» and 
woa s n mi ig caanaMs. 

Uno Sadler, aged 3*. of Btntwtnd Road. 
Dunstable. Beatordatiire. dented cocnotring 
to imnort and nuwiy cocaine, cannabis and 
auildldainlnm. . . • 

Andrew J amieso n, aged 36. of Gilbert 
Race. Holtjom. central London, pleaded dot 
ouWv supfHytno cocaine and conn aids. Alan 
Norman, mm 31 . of Fordwxncft Road, 
norm- went London, pleaded not (unv In 
sowtap cannaM» and. WUUam Tudor 
Evan* aged 32. of Chesterton Walk, west 
London, pleaded not guitty to conspiring to 
stnwiy cocaine ana possessing 

The trial continues today. 

Inquiry into 
state of 
the theatre 

By Onr 

Arts Correspondent 
The Arts Council has laun- 
ched its first inquiry into the 
funding and health of the 
British theatre since 1970, 
under the chairmanship of Sir 
Kenneth Cork, the former Lord 
Mayor of London. 

The inquiry team is due to 
report by next September. It 
will consider written evidence 
from theatre groups as well as 
holding meetings throughout 
the country and visiting theatre 

Sir Kenneth said yesterday 
that the inquiry was not 
designed to name theatres that 
should lose their grants, but 
would list the criteria used by 
the Arts Council for decisions 
on where its grants should be 

The survey will look at ways 
in which subsidized theatres 
might become more productive 
and gain greater rewards when 
their work does well commer- 

• The National Theatre took 
five of the 10 drama awards 
given by the British Theatre 
Association and Drama maga- 
zine yesterday including best 
actor and best new play. 

The National awards were: 
best new play, A Chorus qf 
Disapproval by Alan Ayck- 
boume: best actor, (shared). 
Anthony Hopkins in Pravdec 
best designer, William Dudley, 
for The Mysteries and other 
National productions*, best 
director, Bill Bryden, for The 
Mysteries ; and best supporting 
actress, Imelda Staunton, in A 
Chorus of Disapproval. 

Anthony Hopkins shared the 

Imelda Staunton, the best 
supporting actress 

best actor award with Gary 
Oldman for his performance in 
The Pope’s Wedding at the 
Royal Court. Vanessa Redgrave 
was named best actress for her 
performance in the Oxford 
Playhouse production of The 

Best musical was Me and My 
Girl, produced by Leicester 
Haymarket Theatre. Best sup- 
porting actor was Espen Skj on- 
berg for his performance in the 
Manchester Royal Exchange’s 
production of Three .Sister?, by 

The Young People’s Award 
was won by Dennis Foon for his 
play Invisible Kids, produced at 
the Unicorn Theatre last year. 
Drama magazine’s special 
award went to Deborah Warn- 
er’s Kick Theatre Company. 

Schoolchildren with Aids ‘free to play’ 

Schoolchildren infected with 
the AMs Tirus should be free to 
play games such as football and 
lake part In cookery and 
science classes with other 
pupils, the Department of 
Education told teachers yester- 
day. . 

Children can be taught m 
classroom about the disease, 
but teachers will need “coin 
siderabfe care and sensitivity , 
the department said. 

A number of guidelines is 
intended to reassure teachers 
that medical evidence has 
shown that normal social 
contact poses no risk infection. 

By Our Science Correspondent 
provided normal hygiene pre- 
cautions axe followed. 

The guidelines, based on 
advice supplied by experts on 
Aids at the Department of 
Health and Social Security, are 
being issued to local education 
authorities after alarm among 
groups of parents last autumn 
when It was learnt that a pupa 
at one school had been exposed 
to tiie Aids vims. 

The official advice says 
teachers should discourage 
some games and social prac- 
tices among children, such as 
ear-piercing and tattooing. 

“It is dor common sense to 

avoid such practices for general 
health reasons, quite apart 
from Aids”, a department 
spokesman said. 

Contact sports such as 
football may be freely allowed 
provided there is no other 
medical condition which pre- 
vents the chOd participating. 
Normal safety precautions are 
sufficient in swimming, home 
economics, craft design and 
technology dosses, the guide- 
lines say. 

The advice Is contained in a 
booklet. Children as School and 
Problems Related to Aids, 




From Richard Owen 

Peter Ustinov, actor, author, 
polyglot and raconteur, _ yester- 
day threw bis considerable 
weight behind an attempt to give 
the European Partiament a 
more positive image in the EEC, 
not least in Britain. 

Mr Ustinov, who is makhw a 
publicity video film' on behalf of 
the parliament's public relations 
department, moved among 
MBPS, aides and ushers at the 
plash modem Parliament. bnfid- 
ing, fondly mimicking . the 
babble of EEC languages from 
Spanish to French and enter- 
taining diners in the Parliament 
restaurant with a rendering of 
Peter and the Wolfia Danish. 
“AH very different from when 

Peter Ustinov, above, 30 years ago, with the late M Guy 
Mollet, a fervent European, and (top) in Strasbourg 

I was here 30 years ago,” Mr 
Ustinov murmured, gawng at 
acres of carpet and ptateglass. 
“The Parliament was in Nissen 
hats then.” 

Mr Ustinov made a BBC 
Radio programme about what 
was then called the European 
Assembly in the mid 1950s. 
Parliament is now directly 
elected, and Mr Ustinov is 
encouraged by the growth of the 

European ideal despite “ob- 
stacles and absurdities”. 

A passionate European, he Is 
giving his services free for the 
film, in which he is guided by a 
disembodied female voice In a 
tape recordercnm-mini-tele- 
vision set slung roand his neck. 

Is he distressed by anti-Euro- 
pean feeling in Britain? “Cer- 
tainly, is «nlw« me feel badly 

Warning on satellite TV’s scope 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

The growth of satellite tele- 
vision will mean that the 
freedom of choice open to 
viewers inevitably takes the 
place of broadcasting - regu- 
lation, according to a report by 
the House of Lords European 
Communities Committee on 
the future of -European' tele- 

Regulation of broadcasting, 
whether by individual States or 
the EEC, will become less 
enforceable- as direct_broadcast 
transmissions to - individual 

homes become more common, 
it says. 

“Broadcasts from outside the 
EEC will be impossible to 
regulate and may cause concern 
for. programme and advertising 
quality,” the report adds. “The 
committee believes that the 
’success of unscrupulous non- 
EEC broadcasters will be re- 
duced by theviewers’ enhanced 
freedom to . choose among- a 
large number of channels.” . 

The committee’s views on 
advertising will be welcomed in 

independent "television circles 
and by the advertising industry, 
as it rejects an EEC Green Paper 
which suggests - harmonizing 
advertising throughout the 
community- It also, rejects the 
EECs copyright ' ' " proposals 
which should be left to evolve 
as bilateral agreements and 
voluntary contacts and not be a 
formal Europe- wide settlement. 
Television Without Frontiers 
(House of Lords Select 7 Committee 
on the European Communities: 
Fourth Report 1985-86, Stationery 
Office, £12). 

Private hospitals 
to manage some 
NHS pay beds 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 
Five London teaching hospi- explore the possibility of similar 
tals have approached private arrangements, 
hospital ■ -groups about the Health ministers are eager to 
possibility of managing or see private hospital g roups get 
running National Health Ser- involved in NHS management, 
vice .pay beds. Guy's Hospital is and the Prime Minister has 
expected to decide wi thin eight overtly encouraged them to do so. 
weeks which private group will Guy > s * seen by the other 
run its 64 pur tobn its private hospitals as a test case. A new 
annex, Nuffield House. 119-bed private hospital, the 

Guy’s is negotiating with a London Bridge, opens next door 
short list- of three companies; to Guy’s in April; the project 
American Medical Inter- has the tanking of some Guy’s 
national, the Hospital Capital consultants, and the health 
Corporation and Grand Metro- authority fears it will lose all its 
politan Health Care. £800,000 profit from private 

The private, hospital groups patients if it does not fight bock, 
are being asked to put up A joint venture with a private 

between £3 million and £4 group, Guy’s believes, could 
million to refurbish and run the tempt consultants to continue 
wings which already has its own their private work on the Guy’s 
operating theatres, guaranteeing site and in the long run boost 
Guy’s an income of about the hospital's private patient 
£500,000 a year from the pay income, 
beds. At present some NHS patients 

- The partner will be chosen by are treated in Nuffield House, 
the end of February or early but Mr Smith said yesterday 
March, Mr Nigel Smith, chief that the hospital would want to 
administrator of Guy’s said ensure that the development 
yesterday, provided Lewisham fitted in with its overall plans 
and North Southwark health for Guy’s hospital and would 
authority, which has already want to protect the interests of 
accepted the scheme in prin- staff employed at Nuffield 
ciple, agrees. House and elsewhere in Guy’s. 

Since Guy’s interest in using One advantage Guy's has 
the private sector to run its pay over the other teaching hospi- 
beds became known, it is tals is that Nuffield House is a 
understood that St Mary’s separate building, which could 
Hospital, King's College Hospi- have a separate entrance and be 
tal, the Charing Cross and the run independently. Other teach- 
Royal Free have all approached ing hospitals have only private 
private hospital groups to wings or private floors. 

Credit card 
fraud hit 
top people 

Rich and famous people, 
including Mr Roland Klein, 
dress designer for the Princess 
of Wales, were impersonated by 
a gang which operated a credit 
card telephone fraud involving 

Other card holders cheated in 
the fraud were Sir John Vesty, 
whose family runs the Dew- 
hurst butchers' chain. Lord 
Cockfield, vice-president of the 
EEC. Mr Marcel Learner, the 
Marks and Spencer heir, and 
Lord Bears ted, Southwark 
Crown Court was told yester- 

Three men, Antonio Ptercundani, 
aged 34, of Caffins Close, Northgate, 
Crawley. Sussex. John Voce, aged 
36, of Norfolk Square, Paddington. 
Nonh west London. Christopher 
Moms, -aged 27, of Dunningfbnd 
Close. Elm Park. Hornchurch, 
London, admitted obtaining goods 

S r deception between May and 
ovetnber 1984. 

Alan Gee, aged 33, of Dobree 
dose, Colwicfa, Staffordshire, admit- 
ted handling stolen property. 

Pcrcundani and Voce were jailed 
for two and . a half years. Gee was 
jailed for six months, suspended for 
18 months. Morris Will be sentenced 

Girl stabbed 
to death 

A girl aged 19 who stabbed 
her tether to death told the 
police: “It was either him or 
me”, Chelmsford Crown Court 
was told yesterday. 

Karen Tyler denied murder- 
ing George Tyler, aged 45, 
unemployed, at their home in 
Gurney Bertham Cose, Col- 
chester, 16 months ago. 

Mr Derek Spencer, QC, for 
the prosecution, said that 
George Tyler had drunk the 
equivalent of seven pints of 

Karen was one of nine 
children living on a council 
estate with Mr Tyler and his 
wife, Kathleen. Relationships 
had been strained since Mr 
Tyler killed his wife’s two pet 
snakes in revenge for the death 
of a tarantula spider. 

Relations reached a low point 
after a friend joked to Mr Tyler 
that his wife was having an 

Oh two occasions that night 
Mr Tyler punched and slapped 
his daughter. She stabbed him 
with a kitchen knife. He died 24 
hours later in hospitaL 

The case continues today. 

Train victim 
‘fought her 

By Craig Seton 
A soda! worker was mur- 
dered when she courageously 
fought bade against a youth 
aged 15 who tried to rob her on 
a late-night train, Birmingham 
Crown Court was told yester- 
day. She was stabbed m the 
throat with such force that she 
was instantly paralysed and left 
like a Sag doll”. 

Mr Desmond Fennell, QC, 
for the prosecution, alleged that 
Jack Roy, now aged 16, of 
Shorebridge Road, Glasgow, 
then dragged the body of Mrs 
Janet Maddocks, aged 35, of 
Kings Heath, Birmingham, to 
the train door and threw her 
body on the track. The youth 
has denied her murder. 

Mr Fennell said that in the 
attack on Mrs Maddocks, a 
social worker with Birmingham 
City Council, on a train from 
EuStOIl to Bi rmingham last 
March, the youth had severed 
her spinal chord with a knife 
blow to her throat and then 
stabbed her a number more 

He said Mrs Maddocks had 
been in London to see a 
consultant about an injury. She 
was alone in the carriage when 
the youth joined the train at 
Milton Keynes, produced a 
knife and demanded money. 
“With great courage she refused 
to hand over any money and 
the defendant proceeded to 
attack hex”. 

Mr Fennell said that when 
the youth returned to his home 
in Glasgow in a bloodstained 
condition, he told a Mrs 
Henderson, a woman Irving 
with his father that he had been 
attacked by three Pakistanis. 
But, Mr Fennell said, Mrs 
Henderson then made a 
“strange and intuitive” remark, 
saying that he looked “as if he 
had committed a murder”, as if 
he had been dragging a body. 

When the youth was inter- 
viewed by police eight days later 
be ad m it te d stabbing Mrs 
Maddocks in the neck, but said 
it had been an accident. 

The trial continues today. 

Prince on bail 

Prince Mahammad Isamaii, a 
member of the Yemeni royal 
family yesterday denied driving 
his car in Burnt Ash Lane, 
Bromley Kent while unfit last 
August 28. He was remanded 

on bail by Bromley magistrates 

il April 



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Westland row continues • Moves to stop frauds 

Publication of 
BAe letter now 
‘a major issue’ 


The letter which Sir Austin Pearce, 
chairman of British Aerospace, sent 
to Downing Street on Monday and 
about which Mr Leon Brittan. 
Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry had to offer an apology to 
the Commons late on Monday night 
was at the centre of questions to Mrs 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister. 

She explained to the House that 
she would be consulting Sir Austin 
about whether that letter and her 
reply could be published. She 
recognized these letters had become 
a major issue and that the House 
was likely to wish to see their 
publication in lime for Wednesday's 
debate on Westland. 

She declared it would continue to 
be her practice not to reveal private 
and confidential Inters without the 
permission of the author. 

Mr Peter Pike (Burnley, Lab) 
launched straight into the contro- 
versy by calling on Mrs Thatcher to 
say why she remained silent about 
the letter from the chairman of 
Briush Aerospace while Mr Brittan 
misled the House the previous 

Mrs Thatcher: I do not accept that 
Mr Brittan misled this House. 
(Labour interruptions). He gave an 
explanation very carefully. From 
the answers given many times by 
me. it is not my practice to publish 

admit there is no need Ibr any 
further discussion when all the 
House, even those people crowing 
behind her back, really want to 
know what is in that letter? 

Mrs Thatcher: With respect 1 think 
[ have probably answered this 
question several times. 

J therefore indicated 1 have not 

yet replied to the letter. My office 
has " 

exchanges with third parlies and nor 
-Strictly private 

been in touch with Sir Austin. It 
is my intention to consult Sir Austin 
later today about the possibility of 
publication. I know the House will 
wish to have it published by 
tomorrow and it is my intention to 
be in touch about it. 

Mr John Whitfield (Dewsbury, C): 

Perhaps the most encourage 
aspect in the otherwise sorry state o 
Westland helicopter company is the 
feet that she and her Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry regard 
letters which are marked as private 
and confidential as being private 
and confidential 

Would she not agree with me that 
if the prima donna Mr Heseltine - 
I loud laughter) - had understood 
the meaning of the words -private 
and confidential" his political career 
would not be in the ruins it is in 
today? (Renewed laughter). 

Mrs Thatcher I have made dear 
my past practice will continue to be 
ray future practice, because I believe 
it is the correct one. 

Sir Kenneth Lewis (Stamford and 
Spalding. Q: Will she be replying to 
the letter she has receive! from 
British Aerospace? Can she promise, 
short of just a simple acknowledge* 

if they are marked 
and confidential" to reveal them. 

I hope MPs will not say that if 
anybody writes them a letter which 
is marked -Strictly private and 
confidential- that it should be our 
practice to flaunt either the 
existence or contents of such a letter 
on the floor of the House. 

Mr Neil Kinnock, Leader of the 
Opposition: Will, Mrs Thatcher 
now publish the Westland docu- 
ments of October 4 and 18 and since 
Sir Austin Pearce has given 
permission, will she also publish the 
letter from British Aerospace 
yesterday (Monday)? 

Mrs Thatcher. My office has been in 
touch with Sir Austin Pearce. It will 
be my intention to consult him later 
today. I recognize the importance 
which this letter has assumed and 
will be consulting him about 

Mr Aden McKay (Barnsley, west 
. and Penistone. Lab): In the reply to ment, that she will reply in public 
Mr Kinnock she said she was going and not have it marked “Private 

Whitfield: Heseltine 
a prima donna 

to publish the letter. (Conservative 
interruptions) Will she give an 
assurance she will also make 
available to us the letters of October 
4 and 18? 

Mrs Thatcher. No. I cannot 
necessarily agree to the latter part of 
what he said. I made clear my office 
is in touch with Sir Austin Pearce. It 
is my intention to consult him later 
today about the possibility of 
publication of these letters, the 
reason being I recognize these letters 
have become a major issue and the 
House is likely to wish to see their 
publication in time for the debate 
tomorrow (Wednesday). 

Mr Martin Flannery (Sheffield, 
Hillsborough. Lab): If the Prime 
Minister has now been given 
permission to publish the contents 
of the letter from Sir Austin Pearce 
and British Aerospace, why does she 
need to have any. further conver- 
sations with him? Has she some- 
thing she is worrying about, she has 
got to hide? 

Why docs she not publish it. 
having been given permission, and 

and confidential”? 

Mrs Thatcher: That is one of the 
reasons I am consulting before the 
reply goes. 

Mr Robert Ware lag (Liverpool 
West Derby. LabK In view of the 
fact that the letter from Sir Austin 
Pearce was marked “Private and 
confidential”, why is it that she 
made the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry aware of the 
letter before he arrived at the 

Mrs Thatcher. I saw the letter 
shortly before I came over to the 
House. I had been presiding over an 
official lunch of which he may well 
know, it was not until that was 
finished I was made aware of the 
letter and I came over to the House 

• Mrs Thatcher told Mr Austin 
Mitchell (Great Grimsby Lab) in a 
Commons written reply that an 
inquiry had been instituted into the 
publication of recent correspon- 
dence between Sir Patrick Mayhew, 
the Solicitor General and Mr 

Bill next session on 

Defence questions 

House important proposals for. the 


mU3k ^ -reform fcowi feitridifiqn^ 

Mr Douglas Hod, the Home 
Secretary, undertook in tire Com- 
mons to listen with interest to 
public comment about the recent 
proposal to abolish juries in 
complicated fraud trials. 

in a statement on the report of the 
Roskfll Committee, which reported 
last week and recommended that 
serious fraud cases be heard by a 
judge and two lay assessors, he said 
it provided an excellent basis for 
substantial and worth while legis- 
lation and administrative action. He 
made dear that there would be an 
early debate on the report and a Bill 
in the next session ofrariiament. 

Mr Hard said the fraud trials 
committee under the chairmanship 
of Lord Roskill was set up in 1983 
to consider ways of improving tire 
conduct of criminal proceedings 
arising from fraud. We fully share 
the Committee's concern (he said) 
that the perpetrators of serious fraud 
should be brought effectively to 
book. The report shows that the 

legal and adm instrati ve machinery 
for this purpose has been creaking 
badly. We are determined to bring 
about (be changes in law. practice 
and attitudes which are necessary. 

The reputation of our financ ial 
institutions, and of the City of 
London, in particular, needs the 
support of effective action against 
fraud. Second, there must be no 
escape for offenders simply because 
their offences are highly compli- 
cated or because they can employ 
large resources to cover them up. 
The enforcement of the law must be 
even-handed. Accordingly the 
Government welcomes the report as 
providing a basis for early 
legislation to achieve substantial 
reforms of the law in this field, and 
also for new administrative 
measures in areas where legislation 
is not required. 

Responsibility for the investi- 
gation and prosecution of fraud is 
now shared by the police, the 
Director of Public Prosecutions, the 
Department of Trade and Industry 
and other agencies. Co-operation 
has been greatly improved in recent 
years, and permanent fraud investi- 
gation group arrangement have been 
in piece since last January. The 
Roskill Committee recommended 
an urgent examination of the need 
for a new unified organization. We 
accept the recommendation for such 
an examination, and it will be 
immediately put in hand by the 
Chief Secretary to the Treasury (Mr 
John MacGregor). 

Die Committee has called for 
resources devoted to the pursuit of 
fraud to be expanded as a nutter of 
priority. The Government is alredy 
taking steps to that end through the 
strenglhing of the Department of 

new naff over the neat two. years, ; — _ - . 

and the addition to the Director of ity. Junes were a valuabkrsafeguanl 
Public Prosecution’s department of against a possibly pr^ur - *“ " 
nine extra lawyers with support and the right to jury tml 



We shall be seeking to draw in 
more people with the necessary skill 
and experience from, the private 
sector on short-service appoint- 
ments. In addition, the self-regulat- 
ory agencies to be set up under toe 
Financial Services Bin will have 
their own resources for the 
investigation of fraud. 

As regards the substantive law, 
the Lpid Chancellor aad I win be in 
touch with the Law Commission 

be Lightly cast aside. 

were getting away with 
more than £3,000 million a yeac 
Much of that was from small savers 
fating the devastating loss of their 
life savings. The Governm ent had 
shown a singular Lack of determina- 
tion in pursuing the fraudsters. 

Twenty times more people had. 
been sent to prison for social 
security benefit ‘ fraud than for 
Inland Revenue fraud. No wonder 
The Times said on Saturday there 
was a suspicion that, the weH- 

Mr Hud: I do not think any action 
which followed this aspect of the, 
report should be regarded as befog 
capable of further extension. 

Mr Alexander CarSe (Mont- 
gomery. L): While I welcome many 
parts of the Roskfll report, would he 
not agree that juries have shown 

because I am quite convinced, front 
everything I ‘ have learned in my 
present job, . that until we change the 
basis of our own extradition law-vye 
win find it difficult to improve our 
treaty arrangements with other 

states. • 

Mr Dennis Skinner (BoLsovcr, Lab): 

themselves peculiarly effective in. ThedtfEotityisnotSomuchgcttiijg 
trying cases ■ of fraud? They do the 'people who have committed 
convict in S6J5 per cent of the fraud fatud -convicted. Wo should make 
cases brought before the crown sure there are enough people around 
_ simitar ' to'-.thoie employed 


about their work on conspiracy to — - . . _ . 

defraud. 1 seek the advice of connected and weQ-to-do 
the Criminal Law Revision Com- gettingawBy wxh it 
mhtee on early legislation Uj deal ~ 

with the urgent problem of the 
limitations on the use of a ebarae of 
conspiracy to defraud to which the 
Roskill Committee drew attention. 

The committee makes a number 
of recommendations on juries, 
including provision for certain 
complex fraud cased to be tried by a 
tribunal comprising a judge and two 

Lord Roskill declared: “In the 
United Kingdom fraud is a growth 
industry”? He also strict “Fraud is 
posing a threat to London as a 
financial ce n t r e”. The City of 
London had in the past been 
regarded as the financial capital of 
the world. Unless the Government 
showed much more determination 
and much less complacency there 

court and this is a tii. 
of conviction than in 

Mr Hanfr I note his view. I think it 
is important, before we all 
concentrate on this particular 
recommendation. . to understand 
that it is flanked by a whole series of 
very radical ' suggestions, for 
example on changes in the law of 


looking for those jutting fraudulently 
ontheDHSS front 

If. there w ere’ as many officers in 
the. fraud squad as there are people 
Looking for those who’ have churned 

too much* supplementary benefit we 
might be able togerbedd-of some of 

ihosepeople who are difficult to get 

bold i 

Sir Pater Tapsell (Lindsey East. O 
gtr, as the 

lav members and for the abolition was a danger that the Cry .would 
of perempuny dullen,e& We shall 

be consulting urgently about there 


important matters, and we 
listen with interest to the views 
which will be expressed in this 
House, the House of Lords, and in 
general public comment. 

The committee's general ap- 
proach on preparation rar trial the 
law of evidence and other matters 
would lead to significant improve- 
ments in the trial of fraud cases. The 

feasibility of certain aspects of these against fraud. 

Mr Hard said he was a little 
disappointed at the grudging way 
Mr Kaufman had received this 
remarkable report and his commen- 
dation of it. He would have thought 
that the Labour spokesman would 
have whole-heartedly welcomed it 
and agreed with the Government 
that it should give an' impetus to 
frirther action in tightening the net 

Is there not a danger, as the answers 
given yesterday by 'the Attorney 
General (Sir Michael Haven) about 
certain specific cases seem to 
indicate, that however much we 
may tight* 
fraud dom 
some of the worst offenders wDI 
continue, to escape because of the 
great inadequacy of extradition 

Mr Hank. I have, moved a. fong way 
in the direction of strengthening the 

resouroes Mr Skuma- wants, but 
there is no satisfying him. . 

Sr Anthony Grant (South. West 

[ten the legislation about - *•' Cam bri d ges h ire. C) said the main 
• - ' — reason juries tended .to convict in 

cases of minor- fraud, in particular 
'those . involving.' - - social security- 
payments, was that they understood 
them. But . in ' major cases the 
defence ' made it as complex as 
possible, so there 'was a case for the 
Roskill recommendation as a 

proposals will require further study 
and we shall need to give more 
thought to the details. Some of the 
recommendations may well be 
applicable in other areas of 'the 
criminal law besides fraud. 

We have in this report an 
excellent basis for s ubs t an t i al and 
worth while legislation and adminis- 
trative action. The report will be 
immensely helpful in shaping the 
Government's continuing fight 
against the insidious menace of 
fraud. For this we are most grateful 
to Lord Roskfll and bis colleagues. 
It is now for us and Parliament as a 
whole to do our part in carrying 
forward the work they have begun. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief < 
lion spokesman on home 
said they would like to bear more 
about increasing manpower in 
police fraud squads about whose 
adequacy there was great concern. 
He could not agree with one 
proposed change. The Labour Parly 
rejected outright the Raskin 
recommendation that in complex 
cases the right to jury trial could be 

It was impossible to define 
complexity. In many cases juries 
had been found adequate to deal 

For our part (he went on) we 
intend to put legislation into the 
Criminal Justice Bill we are 
planning for the next session. I look 
to him for rather more whole-hear- 
ted support when we come to action 
on this fhan we have had today. 

The Metropolitan and' City 
company fraud department was the 
largest fraud squad in the United 
Kingdom, with a total of 190 
officers engaged on company fraud 
work. He was carrying out an urgent 
review to assess the specific needs 
for a further increase in the 
establishment of the Metropolitan 
Police and the size of the joint fraud 
squad would come into it 

He noted what Mr Kaufman had 
said about juries in cases of complex 
fraud. Lord Roskill made a powerful 
case for a change there. It was 
sensible for the Government to wait 
for the views of the House and 
opinion outside on this important 

rhiing r 

Mr Hurd said that was the 

Carlile: Juries have shown 
themselves effective 

Could he ask the Foreign - 
Secretary (Sir Geoffrey Howe) 
whether some international .initiat- 
ive could be taken to improve the 
extradition procedures? 

Sir Edward Gardner (Fylde, C): 
Whatever may be the strength of the 
case for abolition of trial by jury for 
complex fraud cases, any attempt to 
extend this radical principle to other 
crimes which can at present be tried 

Mr Hard: be is exactly right.' I have 
already discussed this matter .with 
the Foreign Sec reta r y. ' Fraud 
offences are extradictable but I am 
concerned at the obstacles placcd in 
the way of extradition of offenders, 
from the UK. _ . 

What the Roskfll Committee said 
about the taking of evidence abroad 
is very important and, in addition. 
In the Criminal Justice Bill, next 
session I hope to put before tire 

• A lot of nonsense bad: been 
talked about - .fraud cases Laid 
Haihlum-.rf St Marylebone, the 
Lord Chancellor, said after he bad 
repeated the statement m the House 

. Thctruthwasthfltrthe. Gorvern- 
meur was trying to operate an 18th 
. century ramshackle machine drawn 
by oxen in order to catch modem 
" fraudsters. That was not a good way 
to set about things. . 

1 would like those -outride the 
- House to' look ax the nature- or our 
trial process in fraud cases, (be said) 
and consider whether really it is 
achieving the purpose of criminal 
justice. The purpose of criminal 
justice is to convict the guilty and to 
acquit the innocent. It is much more 
important, .for the .respect and 
confidence in -which the -system is 
held, that you should never, 
possible, .convict the innocent. 

1 am not so completely convinced 
as other peeis that the jury is an 
adequate safeguard in complicated 
' cases .for . the acquittal of ;tbe 

It would be TienwiMTy Hi. framing 
the whole list of sacred cows and 
consider which, should be retained 
for fraud atsqs. 


talks with 


Siroup OTtidsm-rf GEC AvionjI * C ' 

Ltd for being nearly five , 

in comtuetina foe NinmC* —Jr* 6 -. - 

in completing foe Nimrod 

for the Government was heard ™ 
the Commons. But : Mr Norms* 
Lamont, Minister of - Star fi for 
Defence Procurement; would ml 
draws Into discussing what sa»T 
tions might be applied if (belt*- 
date was not met. - - ■ 

Mr Lament jsaid during q ues tion. > 
that the' Winred 

would be completed this year tv 
completion, date for. foe Niinrad i J ' ■- 
Airborne Early warning Mark 3 
programmes would depend on the p 

outeOiMOf1hc.aitreni;n«otiaiKitis « - 
with GEC Avionics Ud and -pa v..‘ 
consequent dedsions as to ihe best I'- - ' 

way 10 take the pr^ect forward. • : 

Mr Nichuiss Soam« (CmWey : 

C* In view of the disgraceful histoiv 

and the lenorh nT ■ 

and foe length., of time 'this 
programme^ has laken'to complete. 

,;l — 


-**„ r 

Thatcher not to 
meet Gartcosh 

There were shouts of “shame" from 
Labour MPs when Mrs Thatcher, 
the Prime Minister, rejected a 
request made at question time to 
meet the meo marching from foe 
Gartcosh steel mill to Loudon. 

Mr George Robertson (Hamilton, 
aid: Nil 

Lab) said: Nine men have spent the 
past 10 days marching from foe 
Gartcosh steel null in Scotland. 
Why will the Prime Minister not 
have the decency to meet them 
Mrs Thatcher: I saw representor 
lives of foe Scottish TUC when I 
was in Glasgow last autumn. The 
Secretary of State for Scotland and 
the Minister of State ibr Trade and 
Industry have offered to see foe 
people from Gartcosh and I do not 
see myself any further purpose in 
seeing them again. 

British concern over Lesotho 


The British Government is to tell 
foe South African G oven mem of its 
concern that restrictions on border 
traffic between foe Republic and 
Lesotho should be lifted. Mrs 
Lynda Chalker, replying for foe first 
time as Minister of State for Foreign 
and Commonwealth Affairs, said 
She was asked in foe Commons by 
Mr Alan Beith (Berwick-upon- 
Tweed L) what response foe 
Government had made to foe 
urgent appeal for help from 

Mrs Chalker said foe Government 
treated foe m matter very seriously 
indeed It did not believe that foe 
problems between South Africa and 
Lesotho could be resolved by 
coercion. Both sides should embark 
on a dialogue to resolve their 
di (Terences without delay. 

Mr Befrh said foal because it was 
surrounded by Sofo Africa and had 
to import virtually all its food and 
fuel Lesotho could not survive an 
economic blockade. The delaying the matter? 

tactics of foe South Afreican 
Government were preventing sup- 
plies from getting through. 

He asked what help would be 
given to ensure that in an extreme 
situation emergency supplies could 
be got into Lesotho. 

This blockade (he said) should 
not be allowed to take away foe 
independence of Lesotho. 

Mrs Chalker. We are will aware 
how dependent Lesotho is on South 
Africa. The bockade of that country 
will have to cease. We shall look at 
ways to assist foot and shall be 
replying in a short while to the letter 
which Chief Jonathan, Prime 
minister of Lesotho, addressed to 
the Briush Prime Minister yesteday. 

We shall continue to urge South 
Africa to rcsjpcct full foe tndepen- 
and intergrityy of 

Mrs Chalker: We know of no 
justification for this action. We have 
been in contact with our Common- 
wealth partners. 

Mr Donald Anderson, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman asked whether the 
Government had been in touch with 
foe United States about the matter 
since the appeal addressed by Chief 
Jonathan to President Reagan for 
the supply of commodities. 

Hef asked whether the Govern- 
ment believed that it ws an attempt 
by South Africa to dcstablize 
Lesotho politically. 

Mrs Chalker: We are in dose touch 
with the Government of the United 
Stales and tomorrow (Wednesday) 1 
shall raise the matter with Dr 
Chester Crocker (US Under Sec- 
retary of State for African Affairs) 

dencc and intergrityy of its 

Parliament today 

there for this blockade? Since “ 

Lesotho is a partner in the 
Commonwealth, what talks are they 
having with other Commonwealth 
governments about the resolution of 

Commons (2.30 y. Debate on Oppo- 
sition motion on Westland Helicop- 
ters. Lords (2.30k Debates on codes 

, Lesotho could not survive an governments about the resolution of legislation and on foe importanc 
fiomic blockade. The delaying foe matter? full enrol ovment. 

Weather and poor yields cut 
farm incomes by nearly half 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Neill to head inquiry into Lloyd’s 


Mr Leon Brittan, Secret ar y of State 
for Trade and Industry, explained In 
foe Commons he was setting up an 
independent, fill! and morons 
inquiry into Lloyd's which would 
assist him in reaching a final 
judgement about whether further 
action was necessary. 

Moving foe second reading of the 
Financial Services Bin, he said he 
had grave doubts as to whether this 
Bill was an appropriate instrument 

to cover Lloyd's, even if h were 
1 further 

derided that further protection was 
necessary and had to be of a 
statutory character. 

We wil] not hesitate (be 
continued) to take whatever action 
we conclude is necessary, but this 
inquiry should in no sense be 
interpreted as an indication that foe 
Government has concluded that foe 
arrangements currently in place at 
Lloyd's are defective. 

Sir Patrick Neffi, currently Vice- 
Chancellor of Oxford University 
and Chairman of the Conscfl for foe 
Securities Industry from 1978 to 
1985, has agreed to chan- the inquiry 
and I will announce the other 
members shortly. 

He would ask them to consider 
whether foe regulatory arrange- 
ments set up at Lloyd's under foe 
1982 Act provided protection for 
the in te res ts of foe membe r s 
comparable to that proposed for 
investors under the Financial 

Services BflL The report of the 
inquiry would be published and he 
hoped to have it by the summer. 

Mr Brittan said he did not believe 
foe City of London was riddled with 
fraud. Anyone who suggested 
otherwise risked doing enormous 
un-rap- to the reputation of the 
City, which would be wholly 
unjustified and damaging to the 

The City of London andfinandal 
services sector was one of Britain's 
most successful industries, employ- 
ing one million - people and 
generating overseas earnings of over 
£6 billion in 1984. 

If foe City ofLondon is to remain 
a leading centre (he went on) then 
there must be no doubt about the 
integrity of its institutions because, 
once that doubt takes root, it is only 
too easy for the customers of foe 
City, to lake their business else- 

The Bill was only one of a range 
of measures to deal with financial 

The primary, purpose of the Bill 
was to establish a framework of 
regulation which would provide 
effective protection for investors 
while also promoting an effective 
and competitive financial services’ 

tmlnnlrai in fh* T TV' L F 

industry in the UKi. _ 

• The present rules' govennng 
conduct m the City were based on 
legislation passed more than . 40 
years ago and they were Inadequate. 
The Bfll would bring the law .up' to 
date, extend its . coverage and 
cstabQsh a new aod flejable system, 
of regulation. . 

. Ho system of regulation couhS or 
should remove,. all rifk to the 
investor, but it was legitimate for aa 
investor to expect those who did 
business with or for him were fit and 
proper, persons and that they: were 
subject to rules which protected bis 
interests. The Bffi was designed to 
meet that expectation. - 
For The' first time the' Bill would 

second .reading. -for a Bill which 
foiled ~to. r provide, through -'an 
independent . selTstanding com- 
misaon^adear and direct statutory 
framework - for city regulation; 
.which faffed to, bring within its 
" p rov isi ons- sraneOty-institufiaas, 
jKqtfcrisgiFt LZoyd&. pdtidi 
-tnoSt jngehffy in 'need p£ effecjivpU 
supenftuon and regulation; Audi 
which - faffed " to' provide to 
supervisory authorities the power 1 
: needed- to ,' prevent detect . and 
punish CSty fraud. • . r 
He' jsaid' there weir important' 
faults, m'foe, Government approach - 
the deotiOB oh Wfwtitoinavide^kf. 
what to exdude; eafo re e m enr arar 
whether it . was- by independent 
commission or was jeft to. scrolled 
self-regulating organizations; .and 
bringing to book of people found to- 
have tra ns g re sse d few*- parsed -~by 
Parliament. -j , : 

It is incredible at-fhfe stage (be 

Let there be no doubt (he went 

on) of the Government’s determi- ■ require authorization as a result, 
nation to take the most vigorous 
action against fraud wherever 4t 
occurs. But, having said that, I 
would tike to make it dear that I do 
not believe that the City of London 
is riddled with fraud. 

The overwhelming majority of 
the people who work there are 
honourable and hard-working men 

and women who are extremely v 

anxious drat the wrong-doers should spokesman on trade and industry, 

pi^de aromprrtrorivcd^totion. »id) «fter what has happened that' 
Sf^investmerti^ ufvStorem - ^ s ^ U y Glided 

busiaess and it wtut. estimated that - Xl _* 

as many as 15,000 businesses would S*- J#*®* 

- - - - was no moxe than, a transparent 

amendments to restrict toe about the situation at UoytTs.. 

Rich people . were able- to 
influence tbd.detisi 

Insurance " Brokers (Registration) 
Act to non-investment insurance 
business so as to leave room for the 
emergence of a new institutional 
structure to regulate life- insurance 

be brought to book. 

derision, as to whether 
they : were prosectited or not by 
thre ate n ing - that' If ' they- . were 
prosecuted, the authorities, would 
have a tong and complex task ahead, 
Mr John Smith, chief Opposition something not available to the social 
— . * j -- — security claimant who was. brought 

moved an amendment to decline a to court veiy summarily indeed. 

Salmon poaching on a large scale 


Salmon poaching was m 
simply a “out for the pot activity", it 
was carried out on a huge and 
commercial scale with a ready 
market for die fish taken. Lord Gray 
of Centin, Minister of State at the 
Scottish Office, said in (he House 0# 
Lords when moving the second 
rending at the Salmon BflL 
By cre a t in g a new offence in 

Scotland of being hi possession of new offence of being hr possession or 
sal mon illegally taken, killed or handling illegally tat— aalnum 
landed and of hamfflag such fish in would carry a sentence on aaiuuiary 
England and Wales, the BU] should conviction of up to three months 
have a significant effect on the level and/or a fine, and on conviction on 
of poaching, he said. indictment to imprisonment up to 

Despite high seas fishing and two years and/or a fine, 
huge scale poaching, salmon stories 

had survived surprisingly well but irad Carm ich a e l of KoMn g r o ve. for 
the Government had decided tire foe Opposition, .- said- the Bill 
time had come to tackle the proMein -reprss vmtod a funds rental defence 
While not as comprehensive aa •“ eotrenchmcnt of the rights of 
some might have wished, it should proprietors and was therefore 
improve the curr e n t situation. The largely of private, interest 

Seat belts to stay V 

The House - of Commons decided 

early today (Tuesday), by 2.1 7 votes 
aiority bf 1 

to 25;. a. majority of 192, 'that' the 
wearing of scat- belts by drivers and 
front -seat passengers should be 
made .permanently ormforisory. 

Frigate tenders 

Mr John. Lee, Under Secretary of 
State for Defence procurement, said 
tenders- itodvbeeff: received for foe 
next three Type 23 frigates and these 
were . befog. -evaluated, but the 
precise size j mdjnmn g of any orders 
had yet to be determined. . 

what sanctions does Mr Lamom 
have in mind if the contractors fin] 

to meet foe date this time? 

Mr Lament: J do not think it would 
be nght.-for me to dooms that 
precisely because we are fe 
negotiations- wife GEC We wish to 
get a .fixed price contract for 
completion of the project to an 
acceptable operating standard and 
also within a very short titne. 

We entirely agree with Mr 
Soames that foe progress of this ■’ . 
project has been profoundly unsaiis- ' ■ 

iactory. • 

Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark (Bir- 
mingham, Sefly Oak, Q: Instead of "1 '■ 
spotting some project at Westland, - 
GEC would be better concentrating 
on giving the shareholders and the 
country ; better value for the 
hundreds of mflhons that the 
Nimrod contracts cost without the 
airplane flying successfully. 

, ;The .time has.' comb 'for Mr 
Lament to concentrate on giving 
taxpayers -value for what they have 

Mr L 

Lamoat: This project is nearly 
five years late. The original cost was 
£856 mflEon at 198<f prices. Already 
£874 million has been spent on foe 
project and the project has not 
worked to a satisfactory standard. 
r We take, this sdimisly but we 
have to sort out foe matter in 
negotiations . with foe. -company. 
They, are" in no doubt about the 
seriousness .'with which we regard 
flus project. *' 

for Younger 

iDiark in 
sis over 
;C future 

Mr George Yennger^was congratu- 
lated ou his appointment as 
Secretary «f State far Defence and 
w el comed by MPs from all parts of . ,j' 
foe Commons when be answered ” 
Vtofeor fan the dispatch box for'v? 
foe first dmesfcaoe aver fro raj 

, .(tfsopbc: : 


.J&-- - ' 


.■a i:. 


Mr Dentil Opposition-. 

Spokesman on defence and disarma- 
ment,, pointed nut fosit Mr' Younger 
torn; foe fourth incumbent in the job. 
hi. five, and : a half years and 
romriicated, antid hLqghter: With 
tifad&Ui of attrition -rate I iepfe . 
has cleared all his answers with the .'k . 
Cabinet office . 

He asked If the new Secretary of 
State, would he. expressing the . . / 

cnBectfve view of the Government or '(r ~ : 
his own ad hoc riew. 

Mr Younger replied that in Ms last t: 
j* as 'Secretary .of State 
Scotland he was the only Incumbent . tri - : - 
for. six and a half years. He added: ' ‘- c . _ 

All the answers 7 X ^ve will be- 
Government policy generally. 

Talks on A-tests , 

Mr Norman Lamoat, . Minister of_. ~ : 

State^cr Defence Procureme nt , tofd .Z^V r '' 

the Gammons at question time that 
tetcr this monfo he, and Sir. Gtoffrey-. 3 S ; - 

Howe. Secretary of State for Foreign . '^?r, 
and-Commoowealth Affairs, are io_ 
meet Senator. Evans, foe Australian tw- . 
Minister of Energy and Natural -w'™ r 
Resources, to discuss the findings of - : 

the ~ Australian rtwal commission 
that investigated, united Kingdom ,: r «ar.::: ... 
uudeartests. ... 3 S:; 

■ TA exercise ;; _ 

.Up io 500 reknlarf- army reservnts ;* 
would be taking part in foe. in ^ or : 
field training exercise later this year, ... 

Mr John Stenlry, Mingrero f State V; - 

for foe Armed Forces, fosewsea “ 

In addition. be saitT foe new ‘ iL " 1 :r ‘ 
scheme for third-year . regular - - 
reservists to attend., one week 
refresher training courses would be 
continued this year. 

The expansion .ofrfoe Territorial 
Army -to 8 6,000 by 1990 was well on 
target. The . TA strength was 
currently 74 .OOO ^com pared with 
only 59,000 in 1979. 



Farm incomes fell by an 
estimated 43 per cent last year, 
tftcr an increase of 35 per cent 
n 1984, according to the 
. jovemment's annual review of 
gxi culture, published yester- 

“Income^ is deiined as the 
:tum to farms for labour, 
'anagement and capital io- 
_*sted, after paying wages, rents 
id interest charges. It is 
otoriously volatile, being 
avily dependent upon the 
ealher, yields and market 

Scotland, Northern Ireland 
tnd the upland areas of Wales 
jnd northern England were 
particularly badly affected by 
unusually heavy rainfall, with 
tew dry days and sunshine, and 
temperatures significantly 
below normal, the report said. 

Arable farming throughout 
the United Kingdom was 
affected, with average cereal 
vields down by 16 per cent and 
quality reduced. The poor 
'veather also interfered with 
laymaking and the provision of 
*imer feed for livestock. 

In spite of lower output, 
market regulation expenditure 
mder the EEC common agricul- 
aral policy is forecast to rise by 

37.5 per cent to £1,893 million 
in 1984-85. This reflwts sharp 
Increases in intervention spend- 
ing on cereals and dairy 
produce in particular, and on 
the oilseed crushing subsidy. 

The report said dairy farm 
incomes showed little change 
between 1983-84 and 1984-85. 
in spite of the introduction of 
quotes in 1984. Substantial 
economies were made in the use 
of purchased feed, largely 
offsetting the effects of reduced 
milk output. In 1985-86 'in- 
comes arc expected to increase 
slightly in England, but to fall in 
Scotland, Wales and Northern 

Incomes on hill livestock 
farms recovered somewhat in 
1984-85. after two vears of 
decline. But in 1985-86 incomes 
are expected to show falls, 
-particularly in Scotland and 
Northern Ireland, in spite of 
increases in subsidies and 
payments under the exceptional 
weather aid scheme. The falls 
are largely because farmers have 
had to spend substantially more 
on feed. 

Last year there were some 
240300 farm holdings in the 
UK, a reduction of 1 ^ .per cent 
sine' 1930- The decline was 

concentrated among smaller 
farms. Just under half the total 
number of holdings were large 
enough to provide work for at 
least one full-time employee, 
and these accounted for some 
90 per cent of total output 

The average area of full-time 
farms was nearly 125 hectares 
(330 acres) compared with 127 
hectares (305 acres) in 1980. 
Increases specialization and the 
decline in the number of 
holdings continues, so the 
average size has tended to 

The drop in cereal output to 
22.3 million tonnes from the 
previous year's record 26.6 
million tonnes ' was almost 
entirely the result of lower 
yields, as the total area sown 
declined only manually. 

Potato production fell by 
more then 7 per cent to 6.8 
million tonnes 

The national cattle breeding 
herd declined by about 3 V 2 pa 
cent, reflecting a per c«r 
drop in the dairy herd and a fall 
of about I per cent in the 
number of beef cattle. 

Annual Review Agriculture I9S6. 
(Command 9708, Stationery Office, 

Tennis men 
win cash 


Two professional tennis 
coaches who were dismissed by 
the former Davis Cup pla) 
David Lloyd, after refusing to 
sweep up at his dub, have 
reacted an out-of-court settle- 
ment for an undisclosed sum. 

Mr Tom Morgan, and Mr 
Hugh Latham, both aged 25, 
were dismissed from the David 
Lloyd and Stazenger Racket 
Cub in Hounslow, west London, 
last September. The settlement 
came after a preliminary hearing 

'I he coaches claimed they 
were unfairly dismissed for) 
refusing 10 clean the club, after 
all employees were ordered to 
do the job. After a meeting with 
David Lloyd, brother of John 
Lloyd, they offered to help, but 
were told: *T am not interested. 

I don’t want you if you have 
that attitude,** 

Mr Morgan, a professional 
tennis coach since 1983 and a 
former Worcester county player 
who earned up to £300 a week, 
said at the earlier hearing: ”We 
disagreed with being asked to 
dean the club." 

Mr Morgan, of Shepherd’s 
Bush, west London, and Mr 
I -a iham , of Barnes, south-west 
London, agreed era the cash deal 
before the resumed hearing. 

tight for 
bomb trial 

Armed -police surrounded 
Manchester Crown Court yes-: 
today as thc trial was due to 
start' of a woman consultant 
psychiatrist' and' two' men. on 

bomb - conspiracy : charges. 
Police also chartered a heli- 
copter which hovered above 
the courthouse as the heavily 
escorted- vans carrying foe 

accused arrived; - 

Everyone entering the build- 
ing, mduding the judge and the 
scores of police officers, was 

rr ... 

The accused are all charged 
with maliciously -conspiring, to 
canse an • explosion in . the" 
United Kingdom of .-a nature 
likely to endanger life or cause 
serious injury lo property. They 

T-t • • * , -o • are Dr Malre O’Shea, aged 6^ 

Engineering s girl of year 

- - — “ '* • - - - 1 - *<sed 34, an able seaman, of 

Bdcamjj . Avenue,. ' Dublin: 
awWfliiam Grimes, and 43, 
of Chenyfield 

Road, Dublin. 

Mrs Sharon Howes, 
devel opment engineer aged 28 
from Slough, Berkshire, yester- 
day became the 3985 Girl 
Technician jEmrioeer of the 

Mrs Howes, who testa -and 
assesses domestic electrical 
appliances manvfactned by 
Hoover, received a prize of 

£250 and as Inscribed bowl 
The award, which is spon- 
sored by foe Caroline Hnlett 
Memorial That and foe Insti- 
tution of Electrical and EZec- 
iroufos Incorporated Engineers, 
aims to focus attention on 
electrical engineering as a 
worthwhile professional career 
for women. 

. Mr Justice Manti, the trial 

tearing until, today.' The hirv 

• _ r Aujuuiuuiff inn 

hearing- until, today.' Thejurv 
wasnot called into.couft • • * 

snub for 

on isla 

V Fr *m 

V, - 


Marchers - who yest 
ended their walk from Scotl 
to London to seeks reprieve for 

the Gartcosh steel plant were 

B when Mri Thatcher 
to see them, although 
they had pot fat a request for a 
Meeting a week ago/. /. 

In stead, they were offered a 
meeting with Mr Peter Mcrxi- 
son* Minfater of Stateto to 
Department of Trade and 

At apress conference iafolu 
the House _of Commons, _ at- 
tended hyseifiorptditicnujs 
from aU. foe - inato opposition 
parties, the marchers said fld 
to view of .foe Prime Minister 1 ? 
refusal far ther : action would 
have to he cons id ered. , 

' Mr Tbmtas ffiatowii . to®" 
ven» of the joint shop stoW«s 
QDnmnttee af the R*venso*g 
steel pbutt, . who tried as 
spokesman, add: ‘There ere 
now two options. 
would be ask every - Scottish 
MP’.-to' resign his . 
Parfiamcnf and 
elecfiOJL^ - ^ y r - . -- 

Bat he raid' tiigr; 
consider, jfee .ofoff '.optioo^.rec. . 
approach-, to flie Qato. to 

... - 


to?.::. .1. '- 

' • 

^ : 

k-. ' •• 



V ' 




Gromyko hears 
complaints on 
Moscow tour 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
Andrei Gromyko, the President Gromyko, the elder 
statesman of the Kre mlin and a 
strong backer of Mr Gorbachov, 
was told about unsuitable 
packaging for many foodstuffs, 
such as macaroni, flour, sugar 


Soviet President and former 
veteran Foreign Mininster, ha«= 
been chosen by Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov to spearhead a new 
campaign to improve the 

B o — w t -MjftvTv Uiv — — «U$IU 

country s notoriously inefficient and oatmeal (normally sold in 
service sector and remedy the uninspiring brown paper bags), 
poor supply of consumer goods, and the wide range of so-called 

■»r “deficit goods”, those not 

available in any shape or form 
for no easily discernible reason. 

Mr Gromyko responded that 
improvement of quality lay ax 
the heart of the Government’s 

For the past week; Mr 
Gromyko, aged 76, has been 
away from his dgjfc touring 
shops, wholesale suppliers and 
hospitals in Moscow to h«»gr at 

first hand the complaints of — — — . , 

ordinary citizens. The unusual concern for the well-being of the 
move was seen in diplomatic people. He noted that tms point 

circles as a sign that the 
Kremlin recognizes the growing 
wave of public discontent on 
the issue. 

_ During the President's lour, 
given extensive coverage on 
television, in Pravda and by 
Tass. the official news agency. 

had been made already by Mr 

Earlier, at Hospital Number 
52 in Moscow’s Voroshilovsky 
district, foe President received 
another list of complaints. He 
was told that two wings bad 
been dosed “for several years” 

he was presented with a litany because those responsible could 
of complaints, ranging from not be bothered to carry out 
years of bureaucratic delay in repairs and that even in 
repairing a city hospital to summer foe monotonous diet 
shortages of such basic food- served to patients contained 
stuffs as meat, fish, sausages virtually no fruit or vegetables, 
and milk products. Although complaints about 

The campaign is seen as part shoddy Soviet goods, shortages 
of Mr Gorbachov's drive for and inefficient services are 
more “openness” in Soviet commonplace in foe letter 
society, with shortcomings to be columns of foe press, it is rare 
exposed rather than covered up that such an embarrassing list of 
in an effort. to root out the shortcomings is given such 
corrupt and inefficient officials prominence or can be voiced 
blamed for being foe main personally to such a hjgh-rank- 
rcason behind them. xng member of foe Kremlin 

In foe Department Store hierarchy. 

Number One (Soviet shops do Among recent problems high- 
not have individual names) in lighted in foe press have been 
Kuntevsky district and Food the waiting period of 12 years in 
Shop Number 27 in Zhdanovs- some areas for a telephone, foe 
ky, dissatisfaction was voiced need to repair a third of all 
about “unpleasant, unfashion- television sets after delivery, 
able and colourless” Soviet- and a shortage of trousers with 
made clothing and the lack of zips. In a six-month period in 
light, attractive or comfortable 1984, before Mr Gor bach ov 
footwear. Particular anger was look power, six million pairs of 
expressed about foe lack of new shoes and 250,000 over- 
suitable shoes for children and coats had to be returned as 
old people. defective. 

visit sparks 
street riots 

From Douglas Tweedale 
Buenos Aires 
A left-wing demonstration 
against the US banker, Mr 
Darid Rockefeller, erupted Into 
the first serious street violence 
here since Argentina ro tor n ed 
to civilian rule two years ago. 

More than a dozen people 
were injured, one seriously, in 
several brief incidents between 
youths hurling bottles and 
stones and riot police who used 
teargas, water canon and 
robber bullets to disperse 

The disturbances began 
when police blocked about 
2£00 youths from approaching 
foe American Club in central 
Buenos Aires on Monday 
evening, where a reception was 
being held for Mr Rockefeller 
on foe third day of a visit to 
Argentina sponsored by foe 
Americas Society, a US-based 
businessmen's group. 

What had been a loud but 
peaceful d emo n s t r ation ex- 
ploded into violence when an 
unidentified demonstrator set 
off an incendiary bomb under a 
parked car. 

It was foe first time Presi- 
dent Alfonsln took office in 
December, 1983, that police 
have had to break up a 
demonstration in this way and 
photographs of burning cars 
were displayed across the front 
pages of yesterday's news- 
paper's. One youth was re- 
ported to be in a serious 
condition . in hospital after 
being hit in foe chest by a 

SHver lining appears 
for Socialists in 
French poll battle 

From Diana Geddes, Pars 

A protester spreadeagled -against a Buenos Aires bank window after being detained by 
police during the demonstration against Mr Rockefeller's visit 

teargas grenade. 

Ironically, at the same time 
that Mr Rockefeller's reception 
was touching off a riot. Senator 
Edward Kennedy was being 
applanded warmly by almost a 
thousand Argentines daring a' 
speech be gave seven blocks 
away. Senator Kennedy con- 
cludes a two-day visit to 
Argentina today. 

• SANTIAGO. Senator 
Kennedy arrives in Chile today. 

for a one-day visit to foe capital 
(our Correspondent writes). 
The visit has stirred contro- 
versy since it was announced at 
the beginning of last week. 

In the past 10 days Mr 
Kennedy has visited Brazil and 
Argentina, both of which have 
returned to democratic govern- 
ment after lengthy periods of 
military role. Chile’s military 
regime has refused so far to. 
yield to widespread pressure 
for a return to democracy. 

While in Santiago, Mr 
Kennedy, plans to meet rep- 
resentatives of the Roman 

Catholic Church, h uman rights 
organizations and some of foe 
opposition political parlies that 
signed Chile’s “national accord 
for democracy”. 

The National Union, a 
political group which supports 
Chile’s 1 2-year-old militar y 
regime, has declared Mr 
Kennedy persona non grata. 

As " the campaign for the 
critical parliamentary elections 
on March 16 begins in Fiance, 
the first fragile signs are 
.ipearing that an may not be 
lost for the Socialists. 

While there is no chance of 
the Socialists winning foe 
elections by getting more than 
50 per cent of the vote — even in 
their greatest hour in 1981 they 
obtained only 37 per cent - 
there is just a possibility that 
the two main opposition parties 
may yet lose the elections, in so 
far as they might not get foe 
absolute majority they need to 
form a government without the 
support of foe extreme-right 
National FronL 

Having hovered around foe 
20 to 25 per cent mark in the 
expressed voting intentions of 
the electorate for foe past 
couple of years, the Socialists 
are beginning to creep up in foe 
polls. Tbc latest three polls 
agree in giving them 26 to 27 
per cent of voting intentions, 
their highest score for nearly 
two yean, and they are getting 
more “good opinions” than any 
other single party. 

The Socialists’ aim of picking 
up enough votes from foe left 
and foe right to break through 
the 30 per cent barrier and 
remain the single largest party 
in France no longer looks 

With the new system of 
proportional representation a 
vote of anything less than 50 
per cent will not win a majority 

in Parliament. But a minority 
Socialist government, in loose 
alliance with other individuals 
or groups, is no longer a 
ridiculous dream. 

A number of factors appear 
to be working for foe Socialists. 
The economy is looking up. 
Inflation last year was brought 
down to 4.7 per cent, foe lowest 
for 17 years. 

The rise in unemployment 
was not only stopped last year 
but reversed slightly. After two 
years of falling standards of 
living, real monies are rising 
again. Industrial investment is 
picking up and the Paris Bourse 
(stock exchange) is booming. 

The government’s overall 
policies during the past five 
years are viewed with disfavour 
by the electorate. But most of its 
individual main reforms are 
approved by most voters. 

President Mitterrand’s re- 
pealed public interventions on 
television, radio and on foe 
ground have begun to pay off. 
In at least one poll, his 
popularity rating is at its highest 
level for more than two years. 

Another advantage for the 
Socialists is the overt rivalry 
between the three main leaders 
of the Opposition - M Jacques 
Chirac, M Raymond Barre and 
M VaJfery Giscard d'Estaing, 
and their continuing disagree- 
ments on what should happen if 
the right had foe clear majority 
it is seeking in March. 

Leading article, page 15 

Denmark in 
crisis over 
EEC future 

From Christopher Follett 

Denmark faces a political 
crisis over its acceptance or 
otherwise of foe controversial 
Luxembourg reforms of foe 

There are rumours of a 
possible premature election if 
the Folketing (Parliament) 
votes against foe package in a 
key debate due on January 21. 

The possibility that Denmark 
might block EEC reforms 
agreed by heads of government 
in December loomed large 
yesterday when Mr Ivar Nocr- 
gaard. a former Economy 
Minister who is now EEC 
spokesman for foe opposition 
Social Democrats, foe country’s 
biggest political party, said he 
did not believe his forty could 
agree to foe package. 

The ruling centre-right min- 
ority coalition of Mr Poul 
Schluter, the Prime Minister, 
supports the Luxembourg re- 
forms, but has said that it needs 
the backing of a broad parlia- 
mentary majority, notably the 
Social Democrats. 

• STRASBOURG: A promi- 
nent member of foe new 
Portuguese delegation to the 
European Parliament has re- 
signed his seat after being 
passed over for a leadership 
post in his own political group 
(AP reports). 

Sen ho r Francisco Pinto Bal- 
semao, the former Portuguese 
Prime Minister and founder of 
the Social Democrat Party, lost 
the leadership struggle to 
Senhor Rui Almeida Meades. 

Tamil attack 
ends festival 

From Vjjitha Yapa 

While some 400,000 Tamil 
tea estate workers took part in 
a prayer f mpaig a organized 
by the Ceylon Workers' Con- 
gress trade onion, a soldier was 
killed yesterday and three 
others were injured in an attack 
on an army camp. 

The Ministry of Defence 
said that guerrillas using 
mortars, grenades and anti* , 
made weapons took part in the 
attack, on the Jaffna Fort camp 
in northern Sri Ta»»t«_ 

It mar ked foe first ou tbr e a k 
of violence since Tamil separa- 
tist guerrillas said last week 
they would not agree to a 
ceasefire offered by the seesrity 

Government troops repulsed 
tire attack, which coincided 
with the Tamil harvest festival, 
Thaipongal, hot foe Defence 
Ministry said civilians may 
have been hurt in foe crossfire. 
It claimed several guerrillas 
were killed and injured. 

The General Officer Com- 
manding Joint Operations hay 
urged Jaffna’s pop illation not 
to become Involved with guer- 
rilla activities and to “stay 
away from the terrorists”. 

Security forces were 
in a search -and -destroy ntisson 
to restore law and order in foe 
Jaffna peninsula, he said, and 
he appealed to people not to 
harbour guerrillas and give 
them support or live 
guenila hide-outs. 

Japan-Soviet relations 
hinge on islands claim 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

Japan is hoping to create a base for foe US military. That is 
new atmosphere in its difficult part of Moscow’s new approach 
relationship with the Soviet to the Pacific region. 

Union during foe first visit of a Under Mr Mikhail Gorba- 

Soviet foreign minister for 10 chov, Moscow appears ready to 
vears. reverse foe neglect of the 

When Mr Eduard Shevard- Brezhnev years which allowed 
nadze arrives today he and his the Pacific to become an 
Japanese counterpart, Mr Shin- “American lake”. But also 
taro Abe. will open foe most important is access to Japanese 
serious and far-reaching analy- technology to modernize its 
sis of Japan-Soviet relations economy, especially in car 
since the early 1970s. Eight manufacturing and electronics, 
hours of discussions are already Looming over all for foe 

arranged, and there is room for Japanese are the four northern 
more. islands which the Soviet Union 

But the two sides have occupied at the end of the War. 
differing aims. Even within Japan conceded the Kurile 
Japanese domestic politics there Islands, but Moscow continues 
arc differences in emphasis to occupy Etorofu, Kunashiri. 
between the Ministry of Foreign Shikotan and foe Habomai 
Affairs and the Prime Minister’s islands, which Japan cl ai ms are 
Office. not part of the Kuriles. 

The Soviet Union has been In a memorable confron- 
hinting for months that it is tation between Mr Brezhnev 
prepared to treat Japan as a and the former Prime Minister, 
country of significance and Mr Kakuei Tanaka, in 1973 the 
more than merely a forward Soviet Union confirmed that 

territory was an outstanding 

The Gorbachov adminis- 
tration has maintained that 
there is no territorial dispute, 
but there have been hints that 
Habomai and Shikotan might 
be negotiable: 

The Japanese Foreign Minis- 
try says that the re turn of only 
two of the four islands would be 
unacceptable: But otter parts of 
the Japanese administration 
believe that there is room for 
negotiation within foe full range 
of Japan-Soviet relations. 

If you’re changing jobs, here’s some 
good news about your pension. 

If you are a member of your employer’s pension scheme, you can now 
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You can take your accrued benefits in the scheme and use them to buy 
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To find out more, contact the trustees or managers of your pension scheme. 

Or send for an information sheet from: DHSS, Branch C2D, Room 419, 

Friars House, 151/168 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8EU. 

Issued by The Department of Health and Social Security. 


Today, even ^|S||pP' with 3 million unemployed, the best staff 
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Today’s employers are expected to provide private medical cover 
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But it’s one thing to decide upon medical cover for your staff and 
another to know where to look for it 

If you sign on the dotted line for the first company you think of, 
you may be getting poor value for money and, thus, be selling your 
employees short And it won’t take long for them to compare notes with 
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South Africa tightens squeeze 

Maseru (AFP) - Lesotho 
yesterday said it was' appealing 
to the United States and Britain 
to help break South Africa’s 
border blockade by airlifting 
essential commodities into the 
landlocked country. 

After a Cabinet meeting Mr 
Desmond Sixisbe, the Infor- 
nation. -Minister; said a list of 
essential food and medical 
supplies was being drawn up to 
be submitted to Washington 
and London, within 24 hours. 
He told a press conference that 
last Friday Lesotho also had 
agreed to a South African 
request that the two Countries 
set up a joint security- com- 

In Cape Town, Mr R.. F. 
“Pik” Botha, South - Africa's 
Foreign Minister, said he had 

pressure Lesotho into si g nin g a 
security pact forbidding activi- 
ties of the African National 
Congress in Lesotho. 


tbo]s appeal came as South 

received. a telex from Lesotho Africa yestefday appeared to be 
t Kxydiug to a request for a tightening its blockade, (Ray 
“special sub-committee on Kennedy writes). 

sr % -SSJS Mjt 


Lesotho, which is 
by South African territory. He 
said the slowdown at the border 
posts was caused by the heed to 
examine vehicles thoroughly for 
“terrorist” weapons. 

The blockade is widely 
regarded as an attempt to 

Council 'condemned '.Pretoria 
for an armed attack in Maseru 
last month,- in .which nine 
people were- killed, six of them 
South African refugees.- The 
anti-government Lesotho liber- 
ation Army, responsi- 

bility, but Lesotho -maintained 

it was carried out by South 
African forces. 

. Lesotho nationals who do not 
have jobs in South Africa are 

prevented from crossing the 
border and severe restrictions 
are being imposed on .traffic 
between the two countries. 
Radio Lesotho claimed yester- 
- . day South Africa had inqtesed a 
“total embaro” on oil deliveries 
and other essential commodi- 
ties, including medical supplies. 

- . . It said people frying to enter 
.South Africa for urgent medical 
treatment were being stopped - 

A supermarket manager in 
Maseru said slocks of frozen 
foods, meat, fish and fresh milk, 
all of, which came from South 
Africa, were sold out. 

In the latest development the 
Maseru offices- of South African 
Transport Services which oper- 
ates South Africa^ rail system - 
Lesotho has no railway service] 
©f its own - have been dosed. 
Travellers - reaching Maseru 
from' South Africa said a goods 
train bad been stopped on the 
. South African side of the border 
for police to off-load and search 

Queues of vehicles up to a 
quarter of a mil e long formed at 
the border post. 

Black rivalry boosts death toll 

From Our Correspondent, Johannesburg 

political million strong Inkatha Moyer: Inkatha youths were responsible 
meat led by -Chief Mangosuthu . was echoed fry the Right 
Bnthetezx, Chief Minister of the Reverend Simeon Nkoane, 
Kwaznlu Bantustan, and on the. Anglican - suffragan Bishop of 
other the - . ontlawed -African Johannesburg, who is a close 
National' Congress.. which Chief : associate of Biship Desmond 
Butheleri^ays has declared war Tutu. . 

on his Zulu movement. -- I nk at h a said yesterday it was 

In the’ middle are radical - sending rqpresentives to see 
or ganisat ions such as. the Bishop Nkoane over his claim. 
United Democratic Front Chief Butoelizi. said he felt it 
(UDF) and the Azkmxn Peop- '.-waa highly ; irresponsible for 
Organization (AZAPO) somebody Eke the Bishop to 
both' -of which have -clashed accuse Inkatha of committing 
violently. 5 - .. . murder ^just.fipm rumour and 

The struggle for black poUti- hearsay”. ^ -• ' • 

cal power has been murdterously He added that if any I nk atha 
per cent but . black-on-black - demonstrated by the .killing in element was involved strong 
killings rose from 28 to 33 jter;.jLeandra township, east of disciplinary action would be 
cent. . Johannesburg, of Chief Ampie taken. - ^ . 

Behind the bald statistics is a Mayisa, .head ofits UDKaffiii- : Bishop Nkomeraid last wght 
scenario of bitter in fighting ated resident's asspciation;' at that he felt Cnief Buthelezi was 
between Mack organisations theweekend- : - being “too sensitive". He said 

competing for tpoliticaJ domi-; .He was beaten and stabbed he bad made joo direct accu- 
nance. On one ade bis the one- by ar gang and the. claim that sation against Ink at h a. 

The death toll in 
violence in South Africa 
totalled 1 ,028 between Sep- 
tember 1 984, and the end of last 
year, according to figures issued 
yesterday by the Son African 
institute ofRace Relations. . 

But the institute's grim 
statistics also reveal a serious 
escalation in black-on-black 
violence since a state of 
emergency was proclaimed over 
a considerable area of the 
country last July. It said the 
proportion of deaths accounted 
for by the security forces had 
dropped from 55 per cent to 47 

ple dge to 
cut surplus 

From^on Best 

' '■Ottawa;:' 1 '., 

Mr YaSubiro 'Nakasone. the 
Japanese Prim| Mmister. said 
yesterday lhatfJajwn cannot 
continue nriuuqg' large trade 
surpluses and expect to “sw> 
vivc” in the world community- 

He said at a ptoss conference 
that he was “well aware” of the 
apprehension /and concerns of 
North Americans and Euro- 
peans over Japan's perennially 
favourable trade balance and its 
“excess of exports”. . 

“We are engaged with all our 
efforts lo return the export 
situation to normal,” the Prime 
Minister said. He had estab- 
lished an advisory group to 
ascertain how Japan's, social 
and economic fabric could be 
adjusted to instigate a change of 
direction on trade. 

The advisory group is ".to 
report to him in March with its 
recommendations as to what 
structural chan ge s Japan must 
make in the interests of 
“international harmony”. 

“My own view is that we 
cannot continue to survive in 
the world community if we 
continue our hefty surpluses,” 
he said. 

He said that some decline in. 
Japanese exports is . already in 
view because of steps taken by 
his Goverment, including .a 
revaluation of the yen' in 
relation to other currencies. 

Mr Nakasone’s four-day 
Canadian visit was due to ena 
today with a visit to Vancouver. 
His talks here yesterday and on 
Monday with Mr Bnan 
Mulroney, the Canadian Prime 
Minister, were largely, devoted 
to commercial topics, including 
the seven-nation . Western 
summit in Tokyo in May. 

The Japanese Prime Minister 
said he will seek to keep^me 
summit “as simple as possible 
with a maximum of informal 
exchanges among the heads of 
state and government and a 
minimum of bureaucracy and 

Mr Nakasone gave a Quali- 
fied blessing to the . Canadian 
Government's initiative for free 
trade with the United States, 
now being prepared, saying that 
he had told Mr Mulroney Japan 
supports it so long as it does not 
adversely affect third countries: 
Canadian officials said earlier 
that the Canadian Prime Minis- 
ter had assured Mr Nakasone 
on this point 

Brazen protest 

Stockholm - The Royal Navy 
frigate Brazen, with Prince 
Andrew on board, will be met 
by demonstrations when it 
arrives on January 30 . m 
Goteborg where the courted has 
a policy of not welcoming ships 
that could: be armed wa 
nuclear weapons. ... 

Miss Heather Northway, an exhibition assistant, adjusting 
a wax figure of King Henry VUI at the Boston Museum of 


Greece accepts upgraded 
relations with Israel 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 
Greece has agreed to upgrade, tion for cooperation in cornbai- 
its relations with Israel, short of ting, terrorism in this country, 
extending full diplomatic recog- “It is like calling in the Mafia to 
nWn n This was " announced maint ai n order”, he observed, 
yesterday by Mr David Kimche, The PLO enjoys tlte same 
the Director-General of the diplomatic status m Athens as 
Israeli Foreign 1 Ministry,- after a the state of Israel, 
one-hour meeting with Mr . . Mr Kimche said he explained 
Karolos Papoulias, the Greek the reasons for Israel's support 
Foreign'Minister. * of President Reagan’s cau for 

He told reporters that Mr sanctions against Libya, which 
Papoulias had accepted in. Greece rejected as inveffbetive. 
principle an invitation to. visit .He emphasized that Libya was 
Israel officially. _ Greece- '-had '-in the “front rank of the 
invited the Israeli Minister , of ' countries that harbour and 
Tourism to come to Athens, the encourage international terror- 
first such courtesy to an Israeli - ism”. 

^”w?<£idted^^ntensify the ~There .are nine different 
dialogue . between us and Libya in which 

increase the scope of our hundred^ not only of 

nSSSSr, Mr K§nche said, Palestinians ,and other Arabs 
SSainin i that there would but ®£>. of Africans, are bang 
soonbeexchanges of visits by SSSL?iSSSr ' ^ “ 

senior officials to discuss trade 111611 awn cou mes- 
and culture, as well as by 
parliamentary delegations. 

The Greek side played down 
the results of Mr Ki m che's visit, 
the second in three years. The 
government spokesman said: 

“Nothing has ' changed, Mr 
Papoulias seized the oppor- 
tunity to reiterate the Greek 
Government’s deep. concern for 
the situation in the eastern 

It was clear that Mr Kimche 
had not managed to sway the 
staunchly .. pro- Arab 1 Socialist 
Government, which iriasts that 
friii recognition, denied by 
Greece 10 Israel for 37 years, 
would not be possible until 
there was a settlement of the 
Middle East problem. 

But Mr Kimche. agreed that 
Israel’s diplomatic represen- 
tation in, Athens to all intents 
and purposes operated as an 
embassy. Israel, was satisfied 
not only with_ the level ofite 
eco nomic, relations with Greece, 
but also with’tluur'oo-operation- 
in combatting terrorism- • ■ 

However, be scoffed at the 
recent Greek pact with, the 
Palestine Liberation Organiza- 

Pressed for details. Mr' 
Kimche said it had been 
established that the Africans 
came mainly from Niger and 
possibly from Mali and Senegal. 
“They use North Korean 
instructors and use the diplo- 
matic post to smuggle in 
documents and arms”.. 

s power Gadaffi can rely on 

• The unshaven' man in the 
grey and white kaffiah head- 
dress was shouting about suicide 
squads. “Have they yet been 
formed?” he bellowed. “They 

“AO the Arabs must withdraw 
their accounts from American 
banks,” he wheezed in a shrill 
voice. “Die American economy 
will collapse if the Arabs take 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli, Libya 

most be made ready. Our people^ their money away.' 
should register for training.” ~ 

Up on the dais, the dark- 
suited officials of the Arab 
Popular Congress beamed down ' 
approvingly. So did toe. huge 
cardboard eagle of die Libyan 
Janrahariya above them, -a 
goventessy bird with suspicious 
eyes, whose talons cftrtched an 
escutcheon of pure green. 

The delegates were on their 
feet. “Down with USA,” they 
chan ted with all-toe spontaneity 
of extras in a CecQ B, De Mflle 
epic- Was It not Colonel Cfotaffi 
himself who said that there 
could be no democracy without 
Popular Congresses? 

Up stood a little old in 
toe firdnt row of toe aoditdrimnu. 

The cameras of Libyan state 
television moved in for a dose- 
up of this excited village 
delegate. He began to lose his 
voice. “Arabs most unite,” he 
piped on. “Unity ... suicide 
training . . . with our blood, with 
our fight . . . unity, , . The 
shrieking words eventually 
dried up in mid-sentence. Here, 
surely, was the true voice of toe 
Libyan revolution. 

It H^after all, written in toe 
Green Book by Colonel Gadaffi 
himself that “Popular Con- 
gresses are the only means to 
achieve . democracy; which is 
why there are an estimated 
2,000 such institutions all over 
Libya- Every villager, every 

former, housewife, teenager and 
old man can in his very own 
congress demand the di g gin g of 
new wells and advise on the 
defence of Libya or rotations 
with Britain. 

According to the colonel, he 
has “made the happy discovery 
of the way to direct democracy”. 
He has indeed. For the author of 
the Green Book - and hen lies 
the beauty of the system for 
those aspirng to leadership 
under the Third Universal 
Theory - also has the power to 
draw np the agenda which the 
Popular Congresses are to 
discuss and to make his own 
recommendations upon it Nat- 
urally, there are none in Libya 
who would deny publicly the 
wisdom of Colonel Gadaffi. 

The results of the colonel's 
direct democracy have, to say 
the least, proved interesting. 
When Libya was ho lding 

British hostages in January last 
year, for example, the colonel 
could rely upon his people to 
produce toe required advice - 
which was to hold the hostages 
for a little longer. 

Pephohqpsts should take note 
of how toe result was achieved. 
Of the 2,107 People’s Con- 
gresses in Libya, 272 (12.9 per 
cent) voted for toe unconditional 
release of the British to the 
Church of England envoy, Mr 
Terry Waite. A further 1,752 
(S3. 16 per cent) deckled that 
the Britons should be released 
conditionally. Seventy-seven 
expressed no opinion, but just 
six of toe congresses said toe 
hostages should not be released. 

In his wisdom, the colonel 
then decided that, in deference 
to the six. a decision on the 
release of the hostages should 
be postponed for four weeks, 
thus recognizing the will of toe 

minority and their democratic 
right to be “taken into account”. 

Occasionally, of course, such 
a device is not available, even to 
the very creator of direct 
democracy. For example, toe 
People's Congresses were asked 
to decide two years ago whether 
women should be trained for toe 
Army. Colonel Gadaffi believes 
they should - the idea of a 
People's Army is a mainstay ol 
his philosophy - and his 
recommendations were duly 
transmitted to the faithful. 

There were at the time only 
200 congresses, but village 
tradition for once overrode the 
spirit of the revolution and they 
voted by a majority to keep their 
women at health and home. The 
colonel had an answer for this. 
He immediately created another 
1,800 congresses and announced 
that those voting “no” were in 
a minority. 

Howe plea 
for clear 
Arab line 
on peace. 

From Denis Taylor'-. 

Riyadh ' 

Sir Geoffrey ' Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
said it was very important for] 
moderate Arabs to reach a 
coherent- negotiating .position 
making it much more difficult 
for Israel to refuse to join" talks. 

He aigtied this point daring 
three hours of talks in Riyadh 
with Prince Sand, the Saudi 
Foreign Minuter, on the second 
leg 01 a three-nation Middle' 
East tour. Sir Geoffrey later 
described his* visit, which 
included an audience with King 
Fahd, as “extremely worth- 
while'’. Prince Saud told the 
Foreign Secretary that Mr 
Yassir Arafat, chairman of the 
Palestine Liberation organiza- 
tion, who left Riyadh on 
Sunday after' a three-day stay 
during which he too saw the 
king, was sincere in wanting to 
negotiate a settlement of the 
Arab-Israeli conflict 

The prince said Palestinians 
should not be seen as synony- 
mous. with terrorists. The 
killings at - Rome and Vienna 
airports last month were the 
work of Abu Nidal. Mr Arafot 
should nor be included with the 
terrorists, and it was important 
to support and not undercut his 
efforts, which included curbing 
Palestinian extremists. 

' Sir Geoffrey underlined Bri- 
tain’s readiness to take- risks in 
trying to break toetieeffiocfcTAt 
a press conference' at the end. of. 
his Riyadh . talks last night, he 
said both Britain and Saudi 
Arabia agreed on “the. impera- 
tive need of doing all possible to 
ensure *h»t those who seek a 
peaceful political settlement' of 
the Arab-Israel dispute do not 
find the- wag forward blocked 
again.. ... 

“That is a' recipe for despair. 
Despair is toe breeding ground 
of terro ri s m . Britain and Saadi 
Arabia have both suffer ed from 
terrorist outrages and we are 
determined to combat this 
scourge of toe modern world”. 

He had assured his hosts that 
Britain could be “relied on to 
give support to all reasonable 
peace intitiatives which sought 
settelements of the Arab-Israeli 
dispute and .toe Lran-Iraq war”. 

The British are pleased with 
toe timing of this visit by Sir 
Geoffrey who is due back in 
London tonight after further 
talks in Kuwait. On Friday, Mrs 
Mhrgarct Thatcher and Sir 
Geoffrey Shimon Pexes, toe 
Israeli Prime Minister. 

Yim Chong Choi, aged 33, a North Korean Army NCO who walked to freedom across the 
heavily fortified Demilitarized Zone 10 days ago, leaving behind his parents and five 
siblings, saluting an audience in Seoul, the South Korean capital, yesterday. He says that 
Kim Jong n, son of North Korean leader Kim 11 Song, is already in complete control of the 

Communist nation’s affairs. 

Dutch police told to run 
in case of terror attack 

Amsterdam (AP) - The head 
of - toe biggest Dutch police 
union has advised his members 
“to pack up and run” in case of 
.a terrorist attack, claiming they 
are'not well enough trained and 
equipped to fight terrorism. 

In toe middle of a national 
terror alert, Mr Leen van der 
Linden, chairman of the Dutch 
Police Union, said on television 
that officers “have no training 
and not enough weapons” to 
fight any terrorists. 

His remarks drew criticism 
from Jewish organizations and 
the Dutch Government, which 
is planning a massive protection 
effort for toe visit of the Israeli 
Prime Minister, Mr Shimon 
Peres, from January 19 to 21. 

In a joint statement yesterday 
toe Dutch Interior Minister, Mr 
Koos Rietkerk, and the Justice 
Minister, Mr Frits Korthals 
Altes, said: “The Dutch police 
force has toe tactical and 
technical means to react ad- 
equately to any terrorist threat.” 


Mr van der Linden’s remarks personnel stationed in 
came only three days after a country have been alerted, 
nationwide alert that terrorist Swedish authorities said 
attacks on Jewish or Israeli earlier that Interpol had warned 
targets in Nordic countries may the Dutch, Swedish, Danish and 
be imminent. Norwegian governments that 

The Interpol alert was ex- terrorist commandos may be set 
panded to include “American to strike- 

interests.” It comes from a 
Libyan-backed terrorist band 
connected with the Abu Nidal 
faction, according to toe Justice 

No terrorist-related incidents 
have been reported, but surveil- 
lance at Jewish, Israeli, and 
American targets has been 
increased and border and 
airport controls intensified. 

US diplomats have begun 
telephoning the 10,000 Ameri- 
cans in The Netherlands to 
warn them. "We call the larger 
concentrations, a firm or a 
school for Americans, and they 
let other people know”, said Mr 
Sara Wunder, of toe US 
Embassy in The Hague. 

The 3,000 US military 


officials in Denmark and 
Norway said yesterday that 
security had been stepped up 
after toe terrorist warnings (AP 

• REYKJAVIK: A special 
anti-terrorist police unit yester- 
day started guarding Keflavik 
airport as a temporary measure 
in the wake of the alert (AFP 

• BRUSSELS: Two Palesti- 
nians arrested in Belgium only 
days after the Rome and Vienna 
airport attacks uere planning 
terrorist actions, a leading 
Belgian newspaper reported 
yesterday (AP and Reuter 

Paris puts legal 
watchdog in 
Hersant office 

From Diana Geddes 

The c ommer cial tribunal of 
Paris has appointed a judicial 
attorney to oversee the affairs of 
toe Progrts de Lyon newspaper 
group after what toe French 
Government claims is the 
illegal sale of toe titles to M 
Robert Hersant, toe right-wing 
press magnate. 

The ' attorney, who was 
appointed yesterday for three 
months; will have the right to 
attend all meetings and will 
have access to company 
accounts. He- is required to 
ensure that M Hersant respects 
the tribunal's ruling that he take 
“no irreversible step” in toe 
group’s affairs pending a judg- 
ment on whether toe sale is 
indeed illegal expected on 
January 27. 

The tribunal declined to 
grant a government request that 
a provisional administrator be 
appointed to run the news- 
paper’s affairs in M Hersant's 

Gemayel hemmed in as 
Lebanon fighting halts 

Beirut (Reuter) - Troops 
enforced a ceasefire in east 
Beirut yesterday after 20 people 
were killed and 60 wounded in 
savage street fighting between 
rival Christian militias. 

Soldiers riding US-built tanks 
and m anning recoiHess rifles 
took up positions at key 
junctions, but witnesses said 
gunmen s till roamed side streets 
in toe Christian sector. Resi- 
dents emerged from bullet- 
scarred apartment and office 
blocks as some shops re-opened 
for toe first time since toe 
fighting erupted early on Mon- 

Radios said toe Army moved 
in after a ceasefire was agreed at 
about midnight. The Christian 
Al-Jumhouria newspaper said 
20 people died and 60 were 
injured m toe clashes. 

Militia sources said the 
fighting .represented a “limited 
operation” by the Lebanese 
Forces mili tia of Mr Etie 
Hobetka to isolate loyalists of 
the Phalange Party of President 
Gemayel, who was in Damascus 

at the time to discuss a Syrian- 
sponsored peace pact. 

Mr Gemayel has yet to back 
toe agreement which Mr 
Hobeika and Muslim leaders 
signed last month, but has been 
warned that he may be forced to 

Mr Hobeika’s men weer 
trying to confine Mr Gemahel's 
infiience to the family strong- 
hold of Bikfaya. a village in the 
heart of Mem district, just to 
the north of Beirut, the Militia 
sources said. They seized key 
points on the edge of Metn, cut 
roads between Mr Gem ay el's 
palace and Beirut, and over- ran 
pockets of resistance on east 
Beirut suburbs. 

In a statement, Mr Hobeika 
said the attack had achieved its 
objectives “to ensure the safe 
movement of aD citizens and 
members of the Lebanese 
Forces ... on main roads”. 

A Christian radio station said 
President Gemayel returned to 
Beirut yesterday after two days 
of talks with President Assad in 

Rabbi’s prayer triggers second Temple Mount riot 

From lan Murray 

A prayer read by a rabbi on 
Temple Mount yesterday pro- 
voked a riot by Muslims which 
was broken up by Israeli police 
using tear gas. 

Police arrested 17 
toe disturbances. • . 

It was toe second such 
incident in a week, sparked by a 
well-publicized tour of toe area 
by members of toe Knesset 
(Parliament) who claim that 
weapons may have been hidden: 
by Palestinians on Jerusalem’s 
holiest ate; . 

Yesterday’s visit by II 

members of the Knesset’s 
interior committee was autho- 
rized by toe Waqfi the Islamic 
authority which controls the 
day-to-day running of toe 
walled enclosure round the 
Dome of toe Rock and the Al- 
people in Aqsa mosque. But toe group 
'had scarcely entered toe enclos- 
ure when Rabbi Yuval Neeman, 
'from the ultra-nationalist 
Tehiya Party, read out a prayer, 
to the anger of a crowd of 
• waiting Muslims. 

The crowd chanted “We will 
defend Al-Aqsa with our blood" 
; and “The army of Muhammad 
defeated toe Jews” as police 

with riot and tear gas inride the enclosure, 

moved in. The Knesset mem- !>= , Wa£ 3 f ^ vigorously 
here were told that toe Waqf denied that any arms are hidden 

had withdrawn its permission 
for toe visit because of toe 
prayer, and by a vote of 8-3 the 
interior committee decided to 

The Tehiya Party is deter- 

on the mount or that any illegal 
building is going on. Jewish 
activists chum that prayer 
shrines for the victims of toe 
Sabra and Chatila Palestinian 
refugee camps have been built 

mined to challenge toe rule of and that work is going on to 
the Waqf on Temple Mount, destroy remains of toe Temple 
claiming that Jewish rights to of Solomon, 
the holy place predate those of Jerusalem, 

the Muslims. Sheikh Saad al- Alarm, has 

Last week a <tmiTnr riot was asked toe Speaker of toe 
broken up by police and the Knesset, Mr Shlomo HUH to 
next day three Tehiya sup- ,19fi h, ‘« to no re that 

porters hoisted toe Israeli Hag 

use his influence to ensure that 
the problems ore sorted out 

Parents sue 
rock star 
over suicide 

From Ivor Davis 
Los Angeles 

The British rock singer Ozzy 
Osbourne and his American 
record company hare been sued 
by the parents of a Californian 
teenager who claim that the 
heavy metal singer encouraged 
the boy to take his own life. 

The unusual lawsuit filed by 
Mr Jack McCollum notes that! 
his son John, aged 19, was so 
enamoured of the songs of the 
former lead singer of the Black] 
Sabbath rock group that he' 
“routinely memorized lyrics,, 
took Osbourne's records out 
with him socially, wore head- 
phones in bed with the music on, 
and would hum his Death 
Lullaby before going to sleep”. 
On an album, called Speak To 
The Devil, the teenager repeat- 
edly played one macabre song, 
“Suicide Solution”. 

On October 27. 1984, the 
teenager put the song on his 
stereo set and shot himself with 
his father's 32 revolver. 

The suicide came as a 
complete surprise, said the 
father, who admitted that his 
son had been drinking on the 
night of his death but did not 
take drugs. 

The Riverside County cor- 
oner, Mr Lee Sneffings, arrived'! 
at toe family home, saw the 
album still on the turntable, and 
concluded that the teenager died 
“while listening to devil music”. 

Mr McCoUams lawyer, Mr 
Thomas Anderson, makes no 
mention of a specific amount of 
money daimed, noting : “We’ll 
let the jury decided that” 

He said they were going after 
the British singer and the record 
company “to teach them a 

to death 

Bulawayo (Reuter). - A self- 
confessed Zimbabwean rebel 
who killed a white senator, his 
daughter, a family friend and a 
black policeman in the southern 
Matabeleland province has 
been sentenced to death. 

Robson Moyo, aged 24, was 
found guilty of murdering 
Senator Paul Savage, Miss 
Collean Savage, and Sandra 
Bennett, a Briton, and Sergeant 
Edward Mdlongwe and of 
attempting to murder Mr 
Savage's wife Betty. 

Marcos hints 
Ver will go 

Naga City, Philippines (AP) - 
President Marcos, addressing a 
rally here said General Fabian 
Ver. Chief of toe armed forces, 
would retire before the Feb- 
ruary 7 election and that 
Lieutenanl-GeneraJ Fidel 
Ramos, his deputy, would keep 
the peace during the poll 

From Naga, President Mar- 
cos flew to Legespi City, where 
a bomb later exploded in a 
street several hundred yards 
from toe plaza where he had 
spoken. Police said one man 
was killed. 

Credit protest 
by swindlers 

Oslo (Reuter) - Police got 
back on the trade, of two 
escaped Norwegian prisoners 
after they telephoned a credit 
card company from Thailand to 
complain credit cards they are 
using to finance a worid-wide 
spending spree were no longer 
being honoured. 

Oeystein Christiansen and 
Per Wold have left a $400,000 
trail of hotel and shopping bills 
from Rio de Janeiro to Hong 
Kong since escaping last year. 
They had formed a company to 
get the cards. 

Sex bias claim 
by hockey boy 

Hamilton Township. New 
Jersey (AFP) - Charles Camev. 
aged ’15, is suing the New Jersey 
sports authority for expelling 
him from his high school's 
otherwise all-girl hockey team. 

His lawyer Mr John Barbour, 
who is representing the Ameri- 
can Civil Liberties Union, said: 
“The only reason Charles 
Camev was removed was 
because of his sex." 

Crash landing 

Manila (AFP) - A Filipino 
seaman aged 47 hurtled from a 
taxiing KLM jumbo jet at 
Manila airport after pressing an 
emergency button inflating 
emergency chutes, police said. 

Aids warning 

New York, (AFP) - Lessons 
about Aids will be given to 
high-school children here start- 
ing next month with Ihe double 
aim of reducing health risks and 
calming fears. 

Greens barred 

Karlsruhe. West Germany 
(AP). - The West German 
Supreme Court has barred the 
environmentalist Greens Pan} 
from a parliamentaty com- 
:rseeine the fin: 


mittee overseeing 
of intelligence agencies. 

Basque cheers 

Basairi, Spain (Reuter) - 
Outraged wine lovers boycotted 
bars in this Basque town until_ 
owners removed the cost of 
newly introduced value-added- 
tax from the price of a glass of 

Freedom call 

Lyons (AFP) - Rene Collet, 
aged 30, tortured for eight hours 
by two burglars who left him 
bound at his factory at Villef- 
ranche-sur-Sadne dialled 17. toe 
police emei^ency number, with 
his tongue despite being gagged. 

Pilgrims die 

Calcutta (AP) - At least 17 
Hindu pilgrims here burnt to 
death on Sagar Island in the 
river Ganges when a fire broke 
out at a religious festival 
attended by an estimated 
20Q.0C0 people. Seven others 
drowned when a beat capsized. 




China lists five 
hurdles for 

party officials to 
beat corruption 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

A senior Chinese official 
yesterday listed five “check- 
points*' through which all 
Co mm unist Parly members 
must pass in order to solve the 
problems of corruption and 
implement economic reforms 

Mr Yuan Baohua, deputy 
director of the State Economic 
Commission, said they were 
money, power, nepotism, re- 
form and opening up to the 
outside world. 

Abuse of power for money 
has become widespread and 
party leaders last week an- 
nounced the formation of a top- 
level team to clean up the senior 
levels of the party, government 
and the People's Liberation 

However. Mr Yuan's list is 
the first indication of how the 
party plans to tackle high-level 
corruption. He told a confer- 
ence that party officials in 
particular must approach the 
five checkpoints. The first two, 
money and power, were particu- 
larly important. 

“If you fail to pass them, then 
it would be difficult to pass the 
other three". 

Diplomats were uncertain 
why Mr Yuan listed reform and 
the open-door policy as check- 
points as well. One diplomat 
said: "He probably means that 
those who abuse power out of 
greed or because they want to 
secure opportunities for rela- 
tives are incapable of imple- 

menting the reform and open- 
door policies correctly". 

Another diplomat interpreted 
it as an admission that the 
reforms and open-door policies 
had given rise to corruption. 

To forestall any fears that the 
present campaign against cor 
ruption would result in s 
reversal of those policies, Mr 
Yuan said that in solving the 
problems of “unhealthy tend- 
encies" China "must keep lo 
the spirit of reform and never 
go back to the old [Maoist] 

The People's Daily, carried a 
report yesterday of "exemplary" 
conduct by local bank officials 
in combating "unhealthy tend- 
encies". The party committee of 
a bank branch in Tianjin 
"exposed its own scandals and 
dealt with problems on its own 

One hundred and thirty-six 
employees at the bank were 
found lo have squandered 
public funds on lavish enter- 
tainment. while 8 million yuan 
(£1.8 million) had been lent to 
party and government person- 
nel and military units to engage 
in business, which is against 

The deputy bank director, 
who had accepted gifts, made a 
“scif-criticism". Bonuses of- 
fered by some business enter- 
prises to bank officials were 
returned and all loans to the 
parly, government and army 
units running businesses were 

fails to 
take comet 


From Mohsin Ali 

Astronauts in the space 
shuttle Columbia yesterday 
struggled without success to fix 
a light intensifier vital for 
dearer observation of Halley’s 
comet but pressed on with 
several other important space 

One astronaut, George Nel- 
son. a mined astronomer, tried 
to photograph the comet on 
Monday using a light image 
intensifier, but discovered its 
batteries were dead. He took the 
light device off the camera and 
shot several 5-sccond exposures 
of the comet, now visible for the 
first time in 76 years. The inw 
intensifier, capable of ampli . 
ing the comet's dim tight some 
100,000 times, foiled to work 
because it had been put on 
board the shuttlce already 
turned on. Mr Nelson replaced 
its batteries, but it still foiled to 

The camera system and tight 
amplifier are to be put on the 
shuttle Challenger later this 

A National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration (NASA) 
spokesman said that all experi- 
ments on Columbia were 
recording data, although one 
experiment could be lost be- 
cause the lid of its gas canister 
could not be closed. 

The crew of seven, including 
Congressman Bin Nelson, is 
also gathering more priceless 
scientific data, especially about 
medicine, materials processing 
in space, and astrophysics on 
the five-day mission. 


of Iran, with President Zia of Pakistan, waving to 
crowd of mainly Shia Muslims at Islamabad airport 

Iran leader extends Pakistan visit 

O PARIS: The sixteenth laun- 
ching of Europe's Ariane rocket, 
due early on Friday, has been 
postponed until next month. 

Islamabad - President 
Khamenei of Iran has cancelled 
a visit to South Yemen because 
of the attempted coop (Hasan 
Akhtar writes). 

He has extended his stay in 
Pakistan by one day to visit the 
Industrial dty of Karachi. He 
postponed his ' departure for 
Lahore yesterday on the second 
leg of his state risk. 

Hojatoleslam Khamenei, 
who arrived in Islamabad on 
Monday, is now doe to leave for 
Lahore today. 

The postponement of his 
arrival in Lahore was said to 
have caused a resentful demon- 
stration with hundreds of 
people invading Lahore airport 
b uildin g and farmae. But the 
situation was brought swiftly 

under control. Pakistani Shia 
leaders have openly tried to 
bring oat large crowds to 
welcome one of the top Shia 
leaders from Iran to this 

The. banquet speech on 
Monday night by President 
Khamftnd in dicated no desire 
to show flexibility in Iran’s 
stand against Iraq. 



<• \ re. 


Port-au-Prince, Haiti <NY£ ***.** 

-:Mr Adfcr Volny, a 
haired schoolmaster, stood in 
his ransacked bedroom m a city students fit -. ( q_ 

W miles north of here, amid 
mattresses askew, dresser draw- 
os 1 - emptied in heaps,;. -papers 
and books tossed about 

"All my rooms are like this,** 
he said.’ “They said they were 
looVdng for arms, pistols, guns. 

But. when they got me to foe 
police ' station they questioned 
me about my son and raphe^ 

who.wcreinicprot«t march." 

Mr Yolhy, aged 50, was one •. 

of dozens of people reported to 
have been .arrested and ques- 
tioned in : the last few days in 
Haiti in connection with £ series 
of protests calling for the 
removal of President Jean- 


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A senior | 
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has ruled Haiti for nearly 
years. ‘ - 

Like Mr Votoy, many of the 
arrested people were reported lo 
have been released after a few 
hours of detention and ques- 
tioning. Some, also tike Mr 
Volny,' said they had be^nr-i! 
beaten by policemen or soldiers. 
Unlike some of the others, Mr 
Volny showed no braises or 
Other sighs of physical abuse. - 

Mr ' Guy Mayer, ' a govern- 
ment ; spokesman, said he did 
not know how many people bad 
beat - arrested, but it was 
“normal” for the Government: 
to make arrests in trying to 
determine who was responsible 
for the protests. He said he had 
no. ' information about Mr 
Volny.,: • 

Schools across the country 
have been dosed because of the 
unrest and government officials 
and -foreign' <fipk>mat5 said the 
situation was stall yexy-tensfet ' 

In- his :neady : 15 years in 
power, Mr DuvaDer has ruled in ' 
a much - less-, bloody . manner 
than his lather, Francois- But '■ 
the younger Duvalieiy who is 
33, ban ■ maintaine d a climate of 
fear; and public dissent. -has 
been rare/" .7 / 

The ^diemimstmiibns.' <anV 
Monday and Tuesday lari week 
included a. march through the 
dusty streets of Gonaives, aport 
where Mr Volny runs a private 
school. -' With a widespread 
student boycott of schools; the 
demonstrations constituted a 

Ts m te gf ^ 

poorest conunttaafifttiin [the 
poorest country h^r ti 

President Jean-TTaude 
Dnvalier and, befow, the 
. troubled natioxt he rules. 

it w&s the •seefatf of die first 
public -protests .during \ die 
second wave of protests against younger Duvalier’s . tenure. It 

President- Duvalier in six weeks. was- -me starting 'point for the 
Last week’s protests, . which’ protest last . November . and 
were more varied and included those last week, which were 
not only students, as "in the echoOd in halfa d&zcn toWns. 
earlier ones, but adults as. well, - - On ' Thursday.- ‘shops in 
took place as the United States Gonaives that beeru closed 
was considering whether to for three;' days reopened, ' : but 
purtail foreign aid -because, of residents said fewer people- than 
human rights abuses- usual weqr bn. There 

Meanwhile, some inter- ^Seefotedto bO more sokhera'than 
national -relief organizations, ostial at the xnajp. in fl ita t ypost, 
reluctant to be scentobe taking. V“t few, were seeium the Streep, 
sides^. have partly suspended Many walls and fences in- the 
their ususal distributfonoffoo^v 
in Haiti because of the disturb- 
ances. . ... ; “Down- - with* ■»-**- 

“The Government thinks the 

. — - — » »/- government employee climbed 

situation. is very serious," ‘Mr .B»re*nnm ewpioycc cuuiuwi 
Mayer said, “But it is not a nckct y ladder to pafot out an 
enough tp bring down the aoti-Duvalier sJog^jltettad 
Government. The Government been scrawled on the indepen- 
i 5 in control” • dencemomunent ■ 

Mafia man says lie is. the 
boss only at home 

FromTrevor FIshlock, NewYork' 

a b% crowd to see- 
aha Gotti, 

There was 
the debut- John Gotti, said by 
pofice to be the new boss of 
America's largest criminal 
organ izati on, was surrounded 
by reporters and photographers 
as he made his first public, 
appearance since fee death of 
the gang’s former Godfather. 

“You guys,” the strongly- 
bufit Mr Gotti said 
to foe photographers 
around him, “cut it out’ 

Mr GotfPs exposure to 
publicity was not voluntary. He 
and five other men appeared at 
the. federal courthouse in 
Brooklyn, . New York, on 
Monday on charges that they 
ran rackets and were respon- 
sible for three murders, armed 

Mr Gotti: reluctant court 
■ debut 

robberies netting /fc minion, 
usury and lorry hjpfokiiigl Ail 
pleaded not gnilty. ,- . : - 

. In keeping .with his repp- 

- tation as a smart 'dresseri Mr 
GottL aged 45, was in a weBrcnt 
grey suit, On his wyy into tbe 
coart he beWa tSoordpfen fmra 
woman reporte',-^a®u^?; M l was 
brought up to bold doors open 

With' a ghtner at foesrepar- 
twshe.said tfcatowy^^Tliejr 
get a tide out L of inaylng k£d 
games.” v 'r.-.'- 

In court the jp>dge. fixed the 
trial for April 77Mr'GottTs 
lawyer said that he wbifld try to 
hare it delayed, -argu in g that 
Press reports niuumg Mr Gotti 
as the new bos# of toe Gakdbido 
Mafia Camay npufo it impoB- 
slWe for hlm-to hire a fair triaL 

The former reputed head of 
the Gambuio .Thai 

Castellano, was . .m urdered in 
Man h a tt an on B awnfe r - id. 

- HJs usjfistant-and heir totouebt 
was also killed. 

Police and officere' of' the 
Federal Burean of Ihvq^^atido 
say that Mr Gotti' is toe. new 
Godfather . of the Garnbine 
family." Asked by ^a ;rep«ter 
about this, hjo.saidr “We don’t 
know wtm^inndm.'' We 
hear it the sartejpgaet yeg get 
it We get h from the FBI- Fa 
the boss of my &s£ay; hif wSe 
and kids at fcqmrTVo; ' - :v 

He departed in jt . black 
Cadillac lmronsine. ■ ’ ' . 

Rebels keep control of 
Cambodia resistance 

From Neil Kdly, Bangkok ' - 

The chances, of Mr Son Sann, , said in Pelting -that the resist- 
- Prime Minister in Cambodia’s* ante-' wotdd ldso^’its 'iater- 
airti-Victnainew coalition, 1 re- national crediibiKty if; Mr Son 
earning control of his rehdlinns Sann AM ■ iwt 

aiiu-T«.umu W vuttuium,- re- nananai creaiuliity u nar dob 
g a inin g control of his xebdlious Sann did ’ not •; ' isPrime 

poup are slipping away, accord^ * Mariner. 'He ; saKi-. ti» - 'Tebd 
UK to weU-mfonned diplomatic , organization / ppj) ostng him 
and militaiy sources m Thai- “must disajpear^. v -'-> i 

v , , • _ " : - ' ^--The-totie& arostillfr^iski&to 

. . i ne receis, fed by the military -meet M'&nSami and say ihey 
commander. General Sak, Sut- will not allow, him mtb refiffice 
sayn sn, are_ eonsoHHaring. tfi^fr - 

grip_ on militant and. civilian - dian border.' - . ' - 

afifeirs m "the Kluner Paahw' 1 - j.' •..* ■ '-.r.'/'-i 

mwf fomi- 

The only visible support for not take -sides. > art - iarw®” 
Prince Stances are forcing toemto deny 
of 500 Saahlcwss- to. to 
Lambodran rcsisfance, who supporters at the botder. 

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Price Price 

9 monthly 

_r* ! £352. £230 

. £325; 

. ^7$ £895 

£2£02 £1,645 


Eani^p to itt. . ; • *;**’*.. 

£17278 £815 

>oe^ jofe. : ‘ . V / £2,002 £640 

. . £680 £440 

• ■••' •;•*-. £2,638 £1,695 

' ^Dib^«eatBf-s6& 

made inlhcUK 



'BS^)^ea6at , *c& . 

* . •■' .* ■ "• 

fabric covers, 

'-fabric, 53% cotton, 47% viscose. 

w 1 W*i.:- 1 ii : -V 

Kw^^alet ' v ' 

■, .i.jJ*:.* • »- 

lein France. 

£725 £520. 
£680 £500 
£360 £265 
£805 “ £595 ' 

£2,465 £1,055 

£750 £495.. 
£7 10 £475 - 
£375 £250 . 
£175 £125 

£900 £650 
£680 £495 
£480 £350 
£665 , £475 
£270 £195 

Great Reductions on Modem and Traditional Upholstery 

Gon^r^it-'v-v 1 /- • . . ! • . £665 ', £475- • 

;; ; ; • •' ' - ! ;' ' • ' " ■ ">• ' '.’■ • ’ ' £270 £195 

" . V : / ’•/ 

, '•; ^(^A&^'lfea^wiqitobt^iinOebilheUk, 
ittawverVin arnmge-af twenty onecoloura. 

; &pta^' r :y‘\ . 'V- . 7-- • . £1£30 £725 

• • ’Eyo^ater sgfa ■... . .• . £1,065 £650 

Affifafo • : Si* • • : ":'V ■ • ■ ; '" J ' ■ ' £650 : £385. 

$w>l. ,4 . • ; . £270 . £195 

wit^>r j^ioice of colours Exclusive to as. 

t ; £ 1410 £795 

Twwetfeii sdfc • •: ' ' £1225 £725 

AjnMhair - ' .y; /-: ’. ; 0 £425 

Bvi^'RindnirGnffiti ; 

All ma dein UK. , • •■ 

'ZeaB^Tlxrix-sealersofa and two chaire, in acrylic ■•:;••. , 

pdefabrie, _£ -V?-.,' ■.•••..'■. ' ' . £2.295 £795 . • 

^ImtW H^MittiiM- and faKrir.gwiwI chair witK etnrd £235 £195' 

‘Cougar Leatferwiwd idbair withstood •" £600 £395 

. ‘Maylaiid’lTlircc-seater safe and two armchairs 
iwleabei: •■...•.._••./•■ •- ' / ; ■■' • . £$,365 £1*995 

^ Modeni Xlphoistety Third Floor. . . . ' 

From Derwent ' ^ 

Afli^ideinUK. -•••.'■" 

‘Y6tk’ tfciw-ieajtt so& and twt) aimclwir? in a .■ 
s«JectidiM>f«liib velvet*, 56% cotton, 41% acnlir- . £1^200 £795 

Thret^eatersofit £600 £395 

lwi>-sM'tevso£r' : • £575 £375 

Arauiuir } •- . • v ; £300 £200 

Sjool;-v.'.--i . . . £250 £110 

‘Sio^Kto, in printed cotton. Exclusive to us. 

Three^eater sofa £800 £595 

£760 £550 

Aylesbury’, printed on plain efttbin. match ii^ 
orcpordipaled. _ - _ 

Thceweatcr sola . £575 - £410 

: ... : “ ^0 £410 

Armchair *- . . ; £275 '. £195 

Stool* ; . : r ' • . £130 £105 

'nxmodse^ • •--.>•• £IJ25 £830 


AUci^urfvetous.MademUIC ’..••••. 

‘Deriy Vlir a-sdectitHi of figured and plain velveLs, 

45% acq4ic,:SK5%.e(Mten,'20% rayon. 

ThreaseatefuEt' - - £925 £645. 

Two^iSalersofa - ,£720 £510 . 

Anncbar •- - £460 £325 

‘ItoniaVlo leaihef Qioice of four cvlpurs 
Threcwtprwfa -. • £2,42 0- £960 

Two^jealorsefa ■■= ,.£2,245. ^750 

Easytiair. ' . £*.60. • £495 

From DweaiU ^ 

All madein UK. ; 

‘Bcricsha^ in tracer damawk- 55% cotton, 15% viscotc- 
Tm^eahatatk ' £S50 £575 

V* ';• £665 £450 

Anndair - -- ^275 

‘nue^ieator snitie • £l,i00 £l,12o 

^Yermeiit’in 100% ccrtton. 

Tb y ifpJ ffyaWgftfa • . £940 £695 

IWoPeefier rtifa ' £725 £535 

Gentlcawms chair £455. £330 

UdyV^ . - . - - : * ' MIS £310 

ilorocs'inMonk^'cU fabric^ 52%coltou,43% aoyiic. 
ThreM cjater a^Ea;- gendemaris chair and ladyls chair £1,590 £1,165 
■Caittf in Oyster Damask, 55% coOotu 45% viscose. 

Rueeaiwflblav ' . .. ; £1£60 £945 

TwM,eat5r«^. : • . *. • 

Anndftir^ . &25 £395 

t-s^ \\ 

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£800 £595 
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£575 £410 
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£925 £645 

• £720 £510 
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£1,410- £960 
,.£2J45. £750 
£760 . £195 

.4l J ^ v\'v a<I si :ill. 

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London SW1X 7XL 01-730 1234 -saasrsKr* 

- -t 





Herm Kerr 

Not very 

Channel 4’s 10 million is a new 
consumer programme for the 
over-sixties. Though it is long 
overdue surely they deserve 
better than this? The first Story 
was about travel company 
swindles and concluded with 
the unhelpful advice that when 
all else fails “contact a lawyer' 
(on an old age pension?). The 
second was about the difficult- 
ies for the elderly of buying 
clothes in a youth-orientated 
society. So what’s new? Advice 
on how to get around the 
problem would have been 
novel, but there was none. Only 

with its e xaminat ion of the 
shortcomings of a particular 
retirement home did the pro- 
gramme find its feet and its 
campaigning zeal 

For What it’s Worth: Energy 
Special n (Channel 4) was 
another consumer programme 
but with a wider net Britain's 
energy policy, or lack of it, was 
the subject under the micro- 
scope. The programme was 
cheery and competent but the 
news was depressing. The 
example of the Danes (who 
have halved their fuel bill with 
conservation) is not going to be 
followed. The Government 
believes it would only lead to a 
proliferation of bureaucrats. 
However, a- -system .whereby 
houses would be awarded 
points according to their energy 
efficiency is being considered. 
Regretfully, the presenter did 
not examine the social impli- 
cations of such a system and its 
bias towards the well-off A 
more full-blooded programme 
would have gone for it merci- 
lessly. This one did not 

The Strange Affair of . . , The 
Mayerling Tragedy (BBC2) 
unearthed that old chestnut, the 
double death of. Crown-Prince. 
Rudolph of Austria and Mary 
Veisera. Nothing new was really 
turned up.. It was still suicide. 
But Robert Symes, the present- 
er, brought more than a touch 
of Edgar Lustgarten to his 

The Ghosts in the Machine II 
(Channel 4) proved that avant- 
garde art can be just as bad as 
bourgeoise an (the exception 
was the tape The End of the 
World). The designation of the 
contributors as “video artists” 
should definitely win a prize for 

Carlo G6bler 

Character development: John Tomlinson (left) with die producer, Keith Warner, and as Moses 

Rossini’s Moses, conceived as an epic spectacle, appears at the - - 
Coliseum tomorrow on a relatively tiny budget: Richard Morrison 
investigates how inexpensively English National Opera can part , 
the Red Sea and make the earth quake 

Making miracles on a prayer 

If the cash was available a modern opera 
house could easily spend a million pounds 
putting on Rossini's Moses. The Paris 
Opera were not exactly penny-pinching 
when they staged it recently. The libretto 
is peppered with cues for lavish effects: “a 
glowing meteor falls upon the bush”; “the 
sky darkens, the earth quakes”. A couple 
of rainbows are requested and, most 
famously, the last scene challenges the 
designer to part the Red Sea more 
spectacularly than Cecil B. De Millc. 

Rossini seriously if you swamp him in lots 
of cardboard sets and dry ice”, says 
Warner. “This is a statement for 1986; it 
shouldn't be a comfortable evening in the 
theatre. - Rossini didn't want that - he 
probably hoped parallels would be drawn 
between the Israelites’ struggle in the Book 
of Exodus and the. .cause . of Italian 
reunification in his own time. We want to 
recreate that feeling of relevance.” 
Supposing what Rossini did or did not 
want could be questioned. 

English National Opera's first Moses. 
which opens at the Coliseum tomorrow, is 
doing it all for £20,000. That tiny amount, 
about a fifth of a normal ENO budget, is a 
condition of the sponsorship by Norwest. 
Holst for the production of rarely-seen 
“chorus” operas. The sum covers sets, 
costumes (about 270 of them), lighting and 
props, and the financial constraint has to 
spark the ingenuity of both the director 
Keith Warner (mounting his first major 
production in his fifth year on the ENO 
staff) and the young Romanian designer 
Mari e-Jeanne Lecca. How are they going 
to recreate the miracles? “On a prayer”, 
says Warner. “We’ve now been through 
five different design concepts”, says Lecca. 

As befits a man who trained as a 
Methodist lay-preacher, Warner has 
thought long and hard about the nature of 
the religious experiences depicted in 
Moses. “I found the opera an incredibly 
sincere attempt to tackle fundamental 
religious issues. But it is very difficult to 
ask a cast to act out something which is 
not tangible, like a miracle. So, rather than 
treating the Old Testament as a series of 
divine interventions, we portray it as a 
statement of archetypal questions which 
are applicable to modern life. *God* then 
becomes the projection of a mass human 
aspiration, such as the Israelites’ desire to 
be free of Egypt's rule.” 

Behind the obligatory facade of 
theatrical panic at the Coliseum rehearsals 
lay evidence of a strong, challenging 
interpretation emerging. Rossini “tra- 
ditionalists” can be assured that they will 
not be cheated of -their burning bush or 
their earthquake. But elsewhere Warner 
and Lecca will be filling the huge void of 
the Coliseum stage with the unexpected 
rather than the grandiose. “You don't take 

Such an interpretation has obvious 
practical advantages on the stage: miracles 
do not necessarily have to be shown 
literally. “For example”, says Warner, “at 
one point Pharaoh receives a report that 
the Nile has turned crimson. Wefl, one 
only has to remember Enoch Powell’s 
livers of blood' speech to imagine what 
that could really mean.” 

staging emerge as he talks - about the 
opera’s central characters. “It is hard for 
us in western democracies to understand a 
figure like Moses or, in our own 'time; 
someone like the Ayato liah: leaders whose - 
enormous charisma galvanizes masses 
into fervent belief! Our own leaders are 
much more like Pharaoh, pragmatic and 
vacillating: ‘Yes, you can be released; ho 
you can’t*." 

As the rehearsals progress it is John ' 
Tomlinsons’s portrayal of the title-role 
that seems to dominate all else, towering 
and fanatical Yet, however involved- the 
principal singers become in Warner’s^ 
vigorous stage action, they would all echo 
Tomlinson's remark: “Yon can't compro- 
mise with Rossini's music. It? s got to be 
sung beautifully.” '"■■ ■ 

It will be the first time ENO has evw, 
staged a Rossini epic opera Besides the = 
ENO chorus, which will sing from 
memory when portraying Israelites buV 
sheet music when portraying Egyptians 
(Warner’s idea, to- differentiate the 
religious attitudes of 'the two races still 
further), there will also be a specially 
recruited team of 20 actors, whose impact 
on the proceedings it would be churl is h .to 

More clues about the arresting tangen- 
tial references developed in Warner’s 

How will ENO, on a £20,000 budget, 
manage to drown Pharaoh's army? “You 
will see the Red Sea part, that I promise”, 
says Warner, with an enigmatic smile. . 
Perhaps John Tomlinson is giving more 
away when he remarks “our ending does 
make sense: violence begets violence, after 
all”. And also begets a duly amazed first- 
night audience? 

A gnesBernelle 
King’s Head ; 


The title of Agnes Bemdle’s 
cabaret - show, Fa 

other's Lying 

~~Zm imSMm 

Julia in New York - “I thought: here, truly, you can make a living” 

Raul Julia hoped for international exposure in Kiss of the Spider Woman , which 
opens in London tomorrow, but was scarcely expecting the film’s huge success: 

interview by Caroline Moorehead 

The urge to overcome human prejudice 

The enormous success in 
America of Kiss of the Spider 
Woman, which opens at the 
Lumiere in London tomorrow, 
has amazed Raul Julia, one of 
its two stars, the other being 
William Hurt. He had liked the 
script, about two men held in a 
Latin American prison, so 
much that he had taken the part 
without salary, in exchange for 
a share in any profits. But he 
had very little confidence 
indeed that the American public 
would feel the same. He 
accepted it, he says, because it 
goes beyond politics to touch on 
a subject he feels more strongly 
about, the way that “when 
prejudices fail away human 
beings come to see each other as 
essentially the same". Its tri- 
umph - "even in Mississippi, 
can you believe it?” t is a 

b °JuHa, with almost 20 years ef- 
successes on and off Broadway 
behind him, is in the unusual 

position of being extremely well 
known at home and virtually 
never seen abroad. If his plan to 
alternate film with play and to 
move into the television film 
world as a third strand to his 
career (he has never done 
television) works out, then the 
days of American isolation, he 
hopes, should now be over. 

Raul Julia grew up in San 
Juan in Puerto Rico. He played 
his first part, in a school play, at 
the age of five and decided that, 
in terms of pleasure at least, 
that was bow he in tended to 
spend his life. Julia reached the 
Humanities Department of San 
Juan University with his dream 

He was part of a five- man 
cabaret called The Lamplight- 
ers, playing in Puerto Rican 
hotels, during his last year, at 
university,- when a visiting 
American impresario invited 
him to his table for a drink. 

Important Announcement: Change of Conductor 
Royal Albert Hall Tomorrow 7.30pm 


TJUi. The Prince and Princess of Wales 
The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester 
Royal Charity Gala for Mexican Earthquake Fund 

771* Organising Committee is deeply grated to 

Sir Charles Mackerras 

for pmng his sertnea in replacing 

Pladdo Domingo 

Tickets from £60-£7 JO obtainable from the Royal A! ben Hall 

1-589 8212 ce 5B9 MSS and Ticketnuner 0M79 6433 (credit cards) 

Encouraged by his praise, he 
flew to New York, to see 
Broadway for himself “I 
walked up .and down. I had 
never seen, never imagined, so 
many theatres open and doing 
so well. I thought: here, truly, 
you can make a living.” 

Julia in New York knew that 
he had a number of points in bis 
favour. He could act as easily in 
Spanish as in English and he 
was versatile: he sings, dances 
and will take on comedy with 
precisely the same enthusiasm 
as the classics. He was 21. 

His early twenties were spent 
picking up parts wherever he 
could get - them, many in 
Spanish andjincreasingly often 
in Shakespeare. When, in the 
late Sixties, he fell on a lean 
year and “ached for the theatre” 
he remembered how, early on, 
he had been singled out by Joe 
Papp, the impresario and 
founder of the New York 
Shakespeare Festival after a 
.reading of Puerto Rican poetry. 
“I gathered ray courage, and 
rang his office. It was like 
calling up the Pope." Papp was 
friendly. All he could offer first 
was the job of house, manager 
for an “unorthodox production 
of Hamlet", but that turned into 
a walk-on part in another Papp 
production, and after that parts, 
both on and off Broadway, 
came steadily. "The Two 
Gentlemen of Verona, a big hit, 
on Broadway. I played Proteus. 
Edmund in King Liar, Mac the 
Knife in The Threepenny 
Opera; Lopakhin vtiThe Cherry 
Orchard; Othello." 

Always* the classics? “No, no, 
absolutely not. Anything and 
everything.” - - ■ 

Nine years ago Julia married 
his actress wife, Meryl when 
they met doing a musical 
together in Philadelphia. They 
have one two-and-a-half-ya 
old son, Raul Sigmund; Jti 
plays with him most affection- 
ately. By the late Sixties, he had 
left his SIS a week one-room 
apartment for a ground-floor 
flat in a large block not far from 
Central Park on the west side. 
The rooms are dark but com 
fortable, with Indian wooden 
Buddhas on the walls, Chinese 
hangings, two fine Tibetan 
carpets with blue dragons and 
an early Japanese kimono, 
strung from a frame. Is be an 
Eastern traveller? “No, I was 
jusr lucky and got them from 

The political overtones of 
Kiss of the Spider Woman are 
not issues that preoccupy him. 
Others, particularly hunger, da 
In 1977 he helped set up the 
Hunger Project, "to generate the 
will to end starvation oh the 
planet by the end of the 
century”. The project has, he 
says, four and a half million 

There was a time when Julia 
saw . his future largely in 
classical theatre, and there are 
still roles he thinks about “I 
haven’t done Richard Ed"; he 
ticks them off his working life, 
forwards and back, clear m his 
mind: *Td like to have a shot at 
Othello again. I haven’t finished 
with that; and Joe Papp is 
talking about Lou-," At the 
moment, however, the pleasur- 
able reviews of Kiss of the 
Spider Woman behind him , he 
is reading film scripts. 

Dead on the Ironing 
comes from a song by the pre-' 
war German writer Joachim. 
Ringelnatz, whose lyrics, trans- 
lated by Miss Bernefie and set to 
music by Michael Dress, evoke 
the grotesque half-world .fam- 
iliar from the Brecht/Weill . 
canon, a twilight zone graced by 
absurd deaths. 

This indeterminate, tune- 
lessly appealing back alley of the 
human soul must always, be. 
rendered in different shades of 
black: the colour of Miss 
Bemeile’s hair, of her dress, of 
the fringed black cape with 
ructaed collar (“These are my 
sinister clothes”) and of the 
darkness from which she first 
emerges, betrayed only by a 
glowing cigarette end, to whistle 
and then sing Brecht aqd 
Weill's “Mackie Messer”. 

The single splash of luridness 
she allows in her props (as 
distinct from in her lyrics) 
consists of the vivid turquoise - 
boa she adopts for “That Old 
Bilbaoan”, a marvellously plan- 
gent song about nostalgia and 
faded romance which an Mon- 
day found the elements an 
sympathetic mood, with the 
mad beasts of the night flapping 
about on the theatre’s roof at 
the instant the singer reached 
the part about “that, old 

Other material by Wedekind, 
Prevert and Klabund is comp- 
lemented by songs and poems 
by Adrian Mitchell and Roger 
McGough, which hark- back to 
the success ' Miss Bemelle 
enjoyed at She .Establishment 
Club in the early 1960s. The 
road from her Berlin childhood 
has taken in a busy acting 
career, and it is through her 
expressions and gestures - 
pathetic, bitchy, -embarrassed or 
lewd - that she brings ..her 
repertoire to life. 

Her voice begins, the evening 
rather flat and lending to 
uncertainty in the sustained 
notes, but. once she dispenses 
with the over-amplified micro- 
phone, the smoky warmth 

Elmer Gantry 

Gate - 

“The notion thqt he is In any 
sense important as -n writer. 
shquldbSJ^snSefl”: JhjiiAlartin'. 
Seymour-Smith, in his spirited 
guidebook to the world’s - 
writers, crisply dismissing JSin-, 
clair Lewis. Otnrious material, 
you might, therefore, suppose,, 
for adaptation to the stage. If a 
novel's plot is to be considered 
the all-important item, theatri- 
cal arts can do duty for the 
novelist's point of view - 
always assuming Lewis can be 
granted such a feature in this 
longish tale of a successful 
preacher, in the business for the -. 
gi4s and the cash*,. .. ^ : 

The prolific songwriter Steve 

Brown fillets the original still 

further to mgke.this' vfrminute 
musical Tbe gbod points firsft. 
This- very smaH' theatre; over 
the Prince Albert pub in 
Netting Hill has a stage that 

could probably be covered with 
the; pag&iof r ntie rippy Of, this' 
-iowspapeiv .Walls :> -<■ -boldly- 
smeared with paint to suggest 
wood grain transform the space 
by this, simple means into a 
: Mid- West h£tn_ r ' 

The -almost - -uninterrupted 
succession of songs is pleasant 
enough, and it is good to- watch 
tbe playing of the. three-pieqe 
'group Squashed in to date side-of 
. tha pewsr-whfch were- imported 
specially for this show. Steve 
Brown’s repertoire here is 
mainly cod-reyivalist melodies 
with the customary Jstrohg* beat, ■ 
but there Is'wit^riiybiinjftd his 
lyrics -and unexpected notes 
from the synthesizer 
mischievous^ jeomments^ In. 
.dh&ting-tfie' performers^ two 
young cdupfesj-an ©lder ooupie 
and . Mark Ryan as Elm er — 
Giles Croft exploits the side 
aisle and rear of the room to 
' giye a sense of , sp»c£ - and -crowd 
-p&rtiripation*-- • % if ; - v 

But that crowd, which in- 
cludes the . audience, must be 

persuaded .that Elmer has a 
golden tongue dr tfie“yK>w is no 
-more>than:4m<- aimless- trail of 
sexual encounters by a lecher in 
a dog-collar.' Unfortunately, 
revivalist numbers have to 
sian din for the oratory. Given a 

• tune as jauntysas “Seventy-four 
Trombones” and we might have 
let ourselves . be persuaded 
Without that the orator is never 
anything but 'a. Siam. 'This - is a 
gap made moretroubting by tbe 
bitterly passionate song given to 
Elmer’s - rival (Simon Green in 
good voice). Mark_ Ryan's 

.. perform anpfc echoes the line of 

* the fihov^ --with- the-'- untrust- 
worthy smiles and roguish 
glances of a plumpish Macchia- 

\ Hpwever amusing such 
cameo performances as Wendy 
Pollock’s weary, gam-chewing 
Gospel singer, mere tuna are 
.pot, enough. to. .transform tbe 
work of ap - unimportant novel- 
ist into upraise worthy rirasicaL 

Jeremy Kingston 

comes through to wrap itself 

round Ian Macpherson's judi- 
cious piano accompaniment 

Martin Cropper 

# Andrei Tarkovsky, the 
Russian film director, is ill and 
therefore unable to stage 
Covent Garden's Derfleigenae 
Hollander, which opens in 
March and was to have hem 
designed by Carlo Tonnasi from . 
Italy. It will now be produced 
by a British team led by Mike 
Ashman, directing for the first 
time at the Royal Opera, with 

designs bj David Fielding (his 

first at Covcnt Garden) and 
movement by the dancer-chor- 
eographer Kate Platt Gerd 
Albrecht, who conducts, is'also 
making his company debut 
Simon Estes in the title role and 
Siegfried Jerusalem, as Erik are 
singing with the company for 
the first time, 

The ceUist as teller of tales 

— ■ -< V* ■»-- - 


St John’s/Radio 3* 

A depth and range of sonority 

notably characterized the cello 
playing of Robert Cohen at 
Monday's J5BC lttodhtime con- 
cert- at SUohn s , -Smith Square* 1 - 
which can be heard again ‘ on 
Radio 3 next Sunday.. With 
Roger Vignoles a poised and 
expressiire "'piafidV partner, Ite” 
brought at sense of drama as wcR- 
as purposeful style to sonatas by 
Beethoven and Prokofiev, the 
latter in his only work of this 

Op 119 in C major weave a 
variety of technical demands 
into whaL could almost be - jt 
“once upoira-time™ fantasy; Mr 
'Cotfen'? ~St£Bo . became like "“V 
teller of tales as it moved from, 
the fuA-throated song at the 
start, .to ; emerge., from- the 

the middle movement. - 

Stimulated originally by the 

artistry of Rostropovich, the 
three movements of Pi 

The work’s lyricism and 

iftstrirmChtation^'as'wen as 'An' 
often .^dance-like. ■* vivaiaty;. 
brought to mind the last ' bf- 
Prokofiev's ballets, The Stone 
Flower, which he had begun, to 
compose at the time*; of. the 
sonata and which is still" too 

the last movement, with the 
cellist's fleet-fingered, figuration 
-winding over and- ttnder-'the 

. piano, 'generated .^culminating 

grandeur of texture and subject- 

It was prefaced by an account 

"of Beethoven’s Sonata in the 
-sune key. (Qp JQ2 No 1) that 
began very soulful! y and ended 
conversationally, but which 
made a virtue of the work's 
■ structural -symmetry ijt Jte two 
.movements, ~ , E nough, - time .was 
left at the end of the programme 
for the full sweetness- of die 
cellist’s tone to enrich Mendels- 
sohn's ^ -otherwise- pleasantly 
..inpeuous Song WUbaift Words, 
Op 109. 

Prokofiev’s ; The rhapscxUc cantabile of 

...v- -■ 

Noel Goodwin 


Wigmore Hall 

Anna Sleiger has left her- tnaik, 
and an indelible one at that, on. 
every opera production she has 
touched in th&last four years,. In 
recalling- Aldcburgh's ' Turn pf 
the . Seths'. Opera 
Glyndebotxme's touring Car- 
men, it is Ms Steiger’s face 
which immediately flashes into 
the memory: intensely alert, 
vivacious, and daring to upstage 
her elders and betters. 

The voice is inseparable from 
the stage presence: a strongly- 
painted, dynamic, at times even 
coarse, dark-hued soprano, 
quick to respond, eager to seue 
on any passing listener. It was, I 
hope, the voice as much as the 
personality which .wm -hcr.ohg 

1 9^Ridiand Tauber =Priz^ but 
at her Anglo-Austrian Music 
Society recital on Monday, in 
which she .was accompanied by 
•Pamela Lidiard, itwaAneMutu 
*rtie ' very -endr hf^ObradoisV 
Spanish songs, that these two 
sides of her performance came 
^*0^: . 

..-ll 1 ® _ sei *$uqus, . unac- 
dompamed *La mi sola**, roDed 
roahd the mouth -like- honey, 
and in the elastic vowels of ‘i'El 
imyoceloso" Steiger at last cast 
off the stifling sense of con- 
straint which bad earlier dam-' 
pened the spirit* of a brightly : 

vane o pregrunms. 

of the problem seemed 
to be an unewmess with 
LiedfiFs dose verbal focus. 
Schubert elicited • little more 
than a glazed intensity; Wolf s 
jpl ^resdeu , ..sbepheiter ; 

es”, ''ifiT'Eric 'Sains once de- 
scribed “Die SprOde” and "Die 
Bekehne”, became crude terra- 
cotta figures. .Ravers,. Greek 
songs and Poulenc’s Max Jacob 
stetungs ;were dearly .doser to 
the heart of this gamine. 

But the problem is primarily 
awocal-wne. Only in the staring 
Expressionism iof Schoenberg’s 
Ddnhd songs did the voice 
seem reafly at ease. Qsewhere, 
Steiger’s habit, almost a man- 
nerism, of shutting off the top of 
the! voice, and of closing the 
throat in high or quiet passages, 
produced a dull, aching sound 
which simply .dams- up the 
expressive power "it hopes, and. 
.with better guidance and experi- 
ence will surety be able, to 


in 1 - 


# rai: 

\s ^ 



more or" 

that see 

loaci cas 

luuu cor 
Bui i 
!?erv far 


- 1 — . 

mi 5 1 

tees, tu 

lave son 


1 1 1— »— * 

i° irnpirn 
^uce ti 

bin ci 

% T 




^tern ( 

0^-^ \ (>- Uby-: 

*' ,t? ' *- r C*j 



-xij :• ji -o- ^ v 


* '-"v : v V- ■ .* ' 

rgsult a great jnany people 
t® drive their own ears 

... f* 

.. . ...■ 


More cars on the road led to 
accidents.; • - S ^ < ■ - 

Even though 19.82 was the year 

. - - (X. 

~ If 

M -I* ' i < . 

•vs* V* ■< » ;! 

, • y • i 

subsidies make sound economic 
sense. But then, so have we. 

;•,/ The most authoratitive study on 
the subject was produced by the 
Department of Transport. It showed 
that we gain at least £1.20p for 
eveiy £1 we spend on subsidy 
It’s not hard to see why 
Fewer accidents mean lower 


road casualties increased by nearly 

But 1982 was not unique. Almost 

every fare rise is followed by an 
increase in casualties on the roads. 

. This week the fares on London’s 
buses, tubes and British Rail trains 
have gone up again. 

to improve services. It will be used to 
reduce the level of subsidy that 
London’s transport systems receive 
from central government 

Yet London already receives 
less subsidy than most comparable 

i 1 


v 4 ** ' 

v -r 

m m m I 

:■ •• ~* v ^ I: ft 

■■ , .tr- 

i: ' if 

western cities. 

Less than Paris, Brussels or 
Milan. Less even than New York. 
These cities have found that 

, ■ ■ ■# ; % t $ 

'-• t . L-v 

♦ '■* t ’i- 

/■r.wm: : r 

costs to the National Health Service. 

Fewer cars mean less pollution, 
less energy wasted, less congestion. 

Less congestion means that 
commercial traffic flows more 
smoothly and at less cost. 

The Department of Transport 
know this. They accept that subsi- 
dies produce a net benefit. 

The only reason subsidies are lov$ 
and getting lower is the Treasury’s 
wish to cut public spending. 

Whatever the arguments for or 
against such cuts, they’re a false 
economy when it comes to 
public transport. 

If you agree, you can write to 
your M.P and tell him so. It could 
be a matter of life and death. 





-* - 





Hardware for hard times 

• 1985 was the year. when Britain’s police found 
themselves thrust into the firing line. For the first time 
this century, police on the mainland were shot at during a 
riot in which one policeman was killed. 

© This year has already seen the introduction of police 
armed with sub-machine guns at Heathrow and Man- 
chester airports, following the terrorist massacres at 
Rome and Vienna. But is this enough? Are Britain’s 
policemen adequately protected in an increasingly 
violent society? 

• Here, Sally Brompton looks at the weapons currently 
available to the police, their future options, and the range 
of hardware in use abroad. 

The pasi few months have seen an 
unprecedented escalation in attacks 
on the police on the streets of 
mainland Britain. 

The revelation this week that 
Holers on the Broadwater Farm 
estate. Tottenham, may have 
planned to booby-trap policemen in 
a blazing underground ambush 
introduces a horrifying new clement 
into civilian policing. 

Attacks on the police arc growing 
increasingly brutal as the tactics - 
and weapons - of troublemakers and 
terrorists become more sophisti- 1 

The problem is that in most cases 
the villains are better equipped than 
the police themselves, due to the 
inevitable financial and political 
restraints which prevent Britain's 
police forces from taking advantage 
of the most modern weapons on the 

It is a situation that is under 
review by the Home Office and 
Scotland Yard, who are studying the 
report by Mr Geoffrey Dear. Chief 
Constable of the West Midlands, on 
last year's riots in Handsworth. and 
looking at lessons learned during 
that and other recent riots, as well as 
the miners' strike, to see what more 
can be done to protect the lives of 
our lawmen. 

The fact that the Home Secretary, 
Mr Douglas Hurd, has given his 
official backing to police chiefs who 
want to stock controversial plastic 
bullets for use as a last resort against 
rioters is an indication of the extent 
of the Government's concern. 

At the same time, they must be 
sensitive to public concern over the 
police use of firearms, concern 
fuelled by the shooting of Mrs 
Cherry' Groce in Brixton and the 
recent news that PC Brian Chester is 
to be charged with the manslaughter 
of a five-year-old Birmingham boy 
during an armed police raid last 

Pan of the police's dilemma is 
deciding how far they can go 
towards protecting themselves with- 
out actually provoking rioters. 
“When you see officers dressed up 
in a riot they do tend to look like a 
para-militarv squad", says Mr Leslie 
Curtis, chairman of the Police 

“Our primary aim is to keep 
policemen alive and away from 
injuries and from that point of view 
we wouldn't wish to see their 
equipment looking any more pro- 

The formation of a separate force 
specifically trained in riot control 
along the lines of France's much- 
feared CRS (republican security 
companies) has so far been rejected 
by the Government for both 
practical and political reasons. On 
the other hand, there is a reluctance 
on the pan of the politicians to 
sacrifice the traditional concept of 
the community “bobby" in favour 
of the tough-guy image of .America's 
gun-toting cops. 

The turning point in police 
protection came after the Notting 
Hill carnival riots of 1976 when 
officers were forced to defend 
themselves against missiles with 
nothing more than dustbin lids. 

Since then, the steep increases in 
the number of occasions when 
police have needed to protect 
themselves against street violence, 
culminating in the petrol bombs and 
gunfire at Tottenham, has led to the 
need for a serious rc-cvaluation of 
their resources. 

While the Home Office is in 
overall control of police equipment, 
it is the responsibility of the 
individual chief constables to buy 
weapons (assisted by a government 
grant) and decide how they will 
equip and train their own forces. 
Often their bands are tied by the 
local police authority as in (he case 
of Labour-controlled Greater Man- 
chester. whose authority recently 
ordered its chief constable. Mr 
James Anderton. to return the 500 
plastic bullets and four special guns 
he had bought for use in emerg- 

Scotland Yard's public order 
training centres at Hounslow and 
Greenwich have adapted their 
techniques in recent years to include 
up-to-date methods of riot control. 
Other forces have similar systems 
influenced to varying degrees by the 
secret and much-criticized Tactical 
Options Manual which first came to 
the public's attention during the 
miners’ strike trials. 

6 Our aim is to keep 
policemen alive and 
away from injury 9 

The Mel's Firearms T raining 
Division, formed in 1966 following 
the Shepherds Bush shooting in 
which three officers were killed, is 
one of five national training centres 
where officers can train to use 
firearms. The standardized training, 
which costs the Met just over £50 a 
day for each man trained, consists of 
an initial rwo weeks made up of 60 
per cent tactics and 40 per cent 
shooting, followed by four refresher 
courses each year. 

Authorized firearms officers must 
have achieved an overall score of at 
least 70 per cent in their end-of- 
course test and to qualify as a 
marksman they need a 90 per cent 
pass mark. 

Scotland Yard’s four dozen 
instructors in its Dll Firearms 
Training Division are also brought 
in on a rotational basis for terrorists 
attacks and serious armed crimes. It 
is officers from this crack squad - 
known as the Blue Berets - who last 
week were assigned to guard 
Heathrow Airport's main terminals 
with sub-machine guns and Man- 
chester's Ringway airport on Mon- 

Strong arm: police already have image inteosifier telescopes and pump action shotguns; right possible 


Britain's law-enforcement firearms 
have changed little since police were 
first authorized to carry flintlock 
pistols when the Metropolitan Police 
Force began in 1829. In those days 
the officers carried their truncheons 
in the tails of their coats and were 
also issued with sabres - for those on 
horseback - and cutlasses, which 
have never officially been with- 

The police arsenal is currently 
based on the Model 10 revolver; the 
Smith and Wesson Model 64 
revolver .3S calibre (for situations 
requiring a concealed weapon); the 
9mm Browning self-loading pistol; 
and a dozen fully automatic Heckler 
and Koch MP 5 machine guns - now 
being used to protect Heathrow. 

Thirteen out of Britain’s 43 police 
forces hold stocks of PVC plastic 
baton rounds which were made 
available to the police following the 
1 98 1 riots but have so far never been 
used on the mainland. In Ulster, 
they are highly controversial, having 
been responsible for 15 deaths - 
seven of them children - since they 
replaced the less accurate rubber 
bullets in 1972. The two-day police 
training to use the L67 baton gun (a 
convened signal pistol) emphasizes 
the minimum distance at which it 
should be used. 

Thirty forces hold stocks of CS 
gas which, despite being introduced 
by 'the Home Office about 20 years 
ago. was used for the first - and only 
lime so far - by the police in 
Merseyside in 1981. The main 
drawback with CS is that it is 
dependent on the direction of the 
wind and can blow back into police 
ranks as well as affecting innocent 

Scotland Yard recently intro- 
duced a new not stick, first issued to 


officers during last September’s led pa tripods and capable ‘.idf*.. 

Brixton riot, which is about 2ft providing both still photographs and ; _ 

longer than the traditional hard- videos. They have proved to ■ Jar'll* 

wood truncheon. _ efitoiv, deterrent Wt football 

Defensive equipment consists of violence. The cameras - the Home 

Office has two at present - are 

plastic shields - both long and short; 
padded body armour in a man-made 
fibre. Kevlar, originally developed 
for car lyres, which will stop bullets 
from most hand guns, folly auto- 
matic weapons and shotguns but not 
high velocity rifle shot. There are 
also bullet-resistant NATO steel 
helmets (approximately one-fifth of 
every force is shield-trained and has 

The Home Office has three public 
order surveillance vehicles nick- 
named “hoolivans" which are Ford 
Transit vans containing two tele- 
vision cameras and a 35mm 
photographic system mounted on a 
periscope and backed up by a pair of 
video monitors.' -The vans have been 
used for monitoring football crowds 
and are useful for VIP escort and 
security duties. 

It has also developed evidence- 
gathering cameras, which are moun- 

specially- designed to produce good- 
quality pictures even in poor light. 

The Metropolitan Police has three 
helicopters equipped with television 
- cameras which they can use against 
riotH? if .necessary, and protected, 
vans with reinforced comers and 
window grills for carrying officers to 
the scene of a riot. 

Communication during riots is a * 
major problem and the Met has- 
10,000 two-way radios to enable 
police units to keep in touch. 
Powerful . searchlights are also 
necessary after dark for Taking 
photographs and .enabling officers, to 
see what is happening. 

Scotland - Yard's armour also 
contains a prototype squash ball 
fircr especially constructed in the 
late 1970s to assist' officers to detain 
a man we tiding a machete who bad 
barricaded himself into his home. 

is binder:* review, .the 
ng team that makes up the 
-Public. Order Matters Department at 
the Home Office, is searching, for ah 
equally effective btit less, dangerous 
alternative to the unpopular plastic 
-baton round - the most .efficient 
.method they have yet discovered, for. 
keeping a sale distance between 
police and crowds. 

Initially, the water cannon seemed 
a possible ■ alternative, “but they are. 
considered to be 1 too large- and 
unwieldy to be used successfully in 
inner-city areas and impossible to 
manoeuvre through narrow streets. 
They are' also oyerfum.aad 
need- to be. refilled '-after 'about, tea 
minutes operating at foil burst They* 
are alro ideal hijaJc targets, .t . ’ 

The' Home-Office- is examining 
different types of lightweightsiudds. 
While - they , should,- . ideally,:, be, 
transparent, ’ this / renders ‘ them' 
neither totally fireproof nor bullet 
proof. And also considering the 

. .purchase oflbulldozeiv similar to j." N .' 
• : those r used by 7 anti-riot ; pdSce iu;„ ' L - . 
Japan, for recno viiigterricacles suefr' ^ 
as*the upturned cars Hint blockedfiie ' ,-^ '*■ * : 
V streets at Handsworfh^ . . V *■:* ■" 

Meanwhile, It Is 
with twdarmaur-i 

sating.^ s ■- 

t son c: 
B\e tu 


The Home Office and Scotland Yard 
keep a close watch on the methods 
used to handle civil uprisings by 
police forces in other countries. 

The Japanese riot squad - the 
Kidotai - are the most heavily 
armoured riot police in the world. 
They arc also the toughest and have 
to be fit enough to operate inside a 
14 Yj lb uniform while carrying a 121b 
aluminium shield. Their equipment 
indudes wooden truncheons, - 
polycar bo nite helmets, wicker and 
metal shields, tear gas guns, truck- 
mounted smoke dispensers, water 
cannon, extending towers which can 
fill occupied buildings with tear gas 
and nets strung on long poles for 

intercepting missiles. 

America's anti-riot squads vary 
from state to state. In Washington,. . 
specially trained police, are organized 
in ten-man dvfl disturbance units *' " 
armed with helmet, visor, -38 
revolver, tear gas, 3ft-long riot sticks 
and crowd-dispersing grenades: The 
National Guard, which reinforces- 
the police when necessary, carries 
rifles, shotguns and riot batons: 

In France, both the Gendarmerie 
and CRS cany transparent shields 
and are armed with rubber 
truncheons, 9mm sub-machine guns, 
9mm automatic pistols, old- 
fashioned 73 carbines and tear gas 
grenades.. . • 

. ers of the' type used in . Northern 1 : 

Ireland that have armour plated "' 
giasswindowsand slots in the rides , 

. for firing plastic baton rounds. 

The ' Met/ is .also, planning td 
increase its quota of . protective 
vehicles and is evaluating four new 
types of trunchcOn iriduding a Ifr; 

. inch'/ -ridged - “defender”, -baton ■, mctT ** " 
. attached ’to a-; chain which hoobf - llllui 1 -**“'* 
around the user’s finger. .. 4 K * 

.. A laree proportion of the weapons .. vSch 1 ■ v 
and ahtt-not equipment available on > , V. ^ 

Uncommercial market are for more ll/w U-C 
. advanced' than anything currently in 
the hands of the police. 

The u; r uu r ^r,hi*+i-~ 

.cated and expensive British-made „ . 
crowd 'control vehicle which has 
already been bought* , by several 
police forces overseas. The «>• “V - ..; ” 
moured. .vehicle’s equipment m- ~ 

eludes 16 grenadelairacnere, 18 gun * ^ 1 

ouuei-prwi lyrar auu a 

electrical charge running through the 
bodywork 7 * external skin. ..... .. i ~. T; ’ 

. The -Arwen 37 .semi-automatic; T* 
weapon system costs^round £600. '*'*- • 
and fires a range of baton and CS 

'vast nij-.-c 

!• _v :'v _ 

Tough guys: the face of 
Miami riot police 

poliqe . . . , 

countries, including tht 
United States. - ...... 

Then there is a range of acoustic . . ; - : 

weapons such as the MX5 distrac-,' • : 

ripn ' grenade.' intended to confiise. ?- 
and "disorientate the . taigef throMjgh 
sound and ’flash ‘ without causing 
injury. - K: ~. 


1 his pure wool ‘gilei’ or button- 
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Suitable for both men and women, 
the gilet is ideal as a stylish body- 
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The Times Guernsey Gilet Offer, 

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Crjvfwd 53316 (or ewuirie* onlj. 

Putting a new head on a long-playing album 

Just for the record - 

today a change of 

editor is announced for 

The Guinness Book 

of Records. Will he 

break new ground? 

O n April 1 - and this is not 
a hoax - Norris Mc- 
Whiner will vacate the 
editor's chair at The Guinness 
Book of Records after 30 years. 
That length of tenure is 
inevitably a record in itself 
since Norris and Ross, his late 
twin brother, were in at the 
inception of the world's most 
famous chronicle of attainment 
in August 1 9S5. 

He will be succeeded by Alan 
Russell. 48-year-old BBC pro- 
ducer of children’s programmes 
who has done 27 years (not a 
record) at the corporation. 

When he takes up his post at 
the book's Enfield offices he will 
do little to change the format of 
an annual volume which has 
found a place in its own pages; 
for by 1974 the book had 
become the top-selling copy- 
right tome in publishing history, 
with sales of 23.9 million. 
Eleven years later the world- 
wide figures have climbed to 
over 50 million which, for the 
record, is equal to 114 piles each 
stacked up to the height of 
Mount Everest. 

This is a hard feat to follow 
and yet Russell, who was for 
many years responsible for the 
BSCs Record Breakers series, 
has utter faith in the evolution 

•‘Take the long jump”, he 
says. “When Bob Beaman broke 
the record in 1968 in Mexico 
(29ft 2Viin or 8.9 metres), 
everyone was saying that it 
could never be bettered. Weil, I 
don't believe that. There is a 
weight cf opinion saying that if 
Carl Lewis attempted it now, at 

was righU_ today The' 
Book o 

Alan RnsseB: quality control 

an altitude of 8,000ft he could 
take it.” 

Russell takes over a book 
with a most peculiar prov- 
enance: it started life as a 
credible arbiter between rival 
factions warring in Ireland 
about the speed of birds. The 
story goes that in November 
1951 Sir Hugh Beaver, manag- 
ing director of Guinness, was 
shooting on the North Slob, by 
the River Slaney in County 
Wexford. . 

I n the course of the shoot 
various members, to their 
chagrin, failed to pick off the 
golden plover overhead. At 
Castlebridge House that same 
evening it became clear during 
the' conversation that it would 
be impossible to determine 
through the reference books 
whether the plover, as opposed 
to the grouse, was really 
Europe's fleetest game bird. 

Sir Hugh believed that there 
must be many other similar 
arguments addressed each night 
in the 81,400 pubs of Britain 
and Ireland, without authorati- 
live referees. 


Guinness Book of Records has 
some 15,000 entries, ranging 
from Tallest Man (Robert 
Wadiow. 8ft lLlin) to the 
Shortest Woman * (Pauline 
Musters, 23-2in). 

When Russell takes over, he 
will not depart from .the- 
traditional . criteria of . the 
McWhirtcrs: “m give you an 
example: if someone wants to 
say how fast they've drunk a 
bottle of Scott*,- I'm . not 
interested. Because. I think that 
if children read ’that sort "of 
thing - and children are always 
interested _ in records being 
broken - it. can .only do. them 
harm. ' -i - ! ’ 

“Now if you are talking about' 
the speed with which a yard of 
ale is drunk then that’s all right 

“Let’s think about karate: 
There was. a team of experts 
who knocked down a house 
with their bare hands in record 
time. I'm prepared to include 
that sort of information m the 
book. But if it’s been done by a 
group of untrained amateurs, 
then I'm not going to put it in. 
It sets a very bad example. . - 

“The difficulty about re- 
cords", says -Russell,, “is that - 
they are mostly quanta five, not 
qualitative. If you want to. 
describe the achievement of the 
strongest man in . the world,- 
then you can., there is. 
far greater interest , in the 
woman whose son has been run 
over and who simply picks tip 
the car and lifts rt off him, Tqtr 
could probably do v ihe same if 
that happened to your chiId._Tt 
wouldn’t qualify for a record,; 
but it would be, in its own way; 
a far more remarkable achieve- 
ment than a super heavyweight 
picking up some colossal load.” 

Russell, although /partly 
convinced by the concept of 
Darwinian progression, believes 
that human records should be 
considered within the context of 
their own day*. “Whenever 
anyone speaks about Jesse 
Owens, it's always of .the- 1936 ! 
Olympics. But, -10 rrte,-a far 

more interesting ' achievement 
was the one he did in 1 935.” 

On that occasion, pt Ann 
Arbor, Michigan On May 25, 
Owens’ broke six 'world records 
in just 45 minutes - the 10fr 
yards, the long jump; the 220 
yards (and 200 metres), the 220 
yards low hurdles- (and 200 
metres). " 

Russell will be working with a 
staff of three and part’ of their 
function will be to. vp-ify the 
numerous - . record-breaking 
claims which are submitted. _ 

H e said: “If there is a claim 
for someone being, let us 
say,- the heaviest man in 
the world; then I Would want to 
be present when he is-purbn the 
scales. If I can't be there, I 
would wish one of my represen- 
tatives to be." 

His own piedccupations.-Jike' 
those of bis ■ predecessors, " go. 
well beyond physical prowess. 

“When " 1 1 :• was working on 
Record Breakers, . we Jound : a^ ; 
substance called. TaJjn '-in West 
--Africa;- this, is listed; in the 
Ghinness bqpk -as the swwstest . 
substance in .the world- Now, 
this stuff is protein, so it cant 
rot your teeth.* I say: ‘Gp ahead 
science.’ That,' -to me, ■ is ■ fer ; 
• more- . important: -than, -for 
example, a man playing th® 
piano non-stop for thrcedays. ” r 

' Russell's final .eiapjplc. ls 
.embarrassing, but, musV 
quoted, in. ihe -intere sts.. o| 
accuracy; It-Cobcerhs-tlw reOTd 
number of . misprints in.' The 
Times, . These occurred % on 
August 22- 1978-off page 19. m 
'-which were printed 97 : “literals^ 
in 5!£ single column inches- The 
passage concerned Pop (Pop?) 
Paur yi. That at least is Their 
.'story. -• 

_ •; 


Y^ss :h:-V 
: ®ncii 

AlW Frinks 




ACROSS • . -"-v- 

1 Storage dust (6) 

4 Cur (6) 

7 Decrease (4) 

8 Amusement seeker 


9 Pnce reduction (8) 

13 Horsc-like animal 


I6Crinjinai collection 

17 Deftiite article (3) 1 ^ 

19 Set off(8) . 

24 Customary (8) 

25 Male lead (4) 

26 Repressed (4,2) 

JT Tramp (6) * ■ 


1 Loose hood (4) 

2 Elaborate ornament 

3 Inflexible (5> — - . 

4 Deceased’s wife (5) li Should (5) 18 Haul (5) ' ** 

5 Napoleon s first 12 Synthetic fibre (5) 20 1 Famish wbh<5) . - V 

exile ide(4V 13 Briskness (9) 21 Greasai(5) t 

in ?J°° C sndra (5) 14 Asian bean (4) 22 Retea kjvcr(4) 

10 Massage (S) 15 Worry (4> ,V A . 23 sSS(4 ? ' 

SOLUTION TO No 848 - ; - ■ ' . \ ;7v 

1 Devout 5 Lobe 8 Brute 9 Boudoir 11 Election' 

24 Bfo? ntl0nal : 17 OAPs 18 21 Sirocco 22Topi^ ® 

3016 4 To be. or not to Tie 5 Tout' -6 


f-r.. 1 6 . 



How to avoid 
a lifetime of 
bed and bored 

After the promiscuous Sixties and the uncertain Seventies 

monogamy is back in fashion. And one leading Sex therapist has 

revealed a host of ways to make long-term fidelity fun 

One of the great American 
institutions is the How-To 
book. The Life Enhancement 

f sections of American bookshops 
are filled with volumes telling 
people How To make a million 
dollars. How To live to be 100, 
How To bring up babies. How 
To build big muscles. How To 
flatten their stomachs, How To 
look 10 years younger in 10 
hours. How-To's axe among the 
biggest money' spinners for 
American publishers, who know 
How To get rich. 

Of course, there are many 
How To sex books. If you 
thought there was nothing new 
> to say about such a weD-docu- 
\ 'men ted human activity, you 

\ * would be wrong. Sex, like 
\ everything else, has fashions. 
Sex in America, like making 
money, is taken very seriously, 
and the sex world, like the 
worlds of business and fashion, 
has its gurus, telling Americans 

Long ago, in the 1960s, there 
was the permissive society, Sex 
and the Single Girl, the Pill and. 
liberation. Then came the 
uncertain 1970s. Now, in the 
conservative 1980s, if we 
believe what we are told, the 
pendulum has swung back - 
given a little shove by herpes 
and AIDS - to what the gurus 
call the Age of CommitmenL 


lassion does 
not.have to die 
with marriage 
although home 
can be the 
unsexiest place 

According to a fashionable 
New York magazine, indis- 
criminate sex, like sushi, white 
chocolate, sunbathing, Madon- 
(■' na. Boy George, Michael Jack- 
w son and aerobics are Out. 
Monogamy, like ymHaU for 
men, Fred Astaire, Indian art 
and pearl necklaces are In. 

The latest book for all 
monogamists is Haw To Make 
Love To The Same Person For 
The Rest Of Your Life - And 
Still Love II It will be published 
in Britain on February 6. Its 
author, Dr Dagmar O’Connor, a 
Swedish-born sex therapist, told 
me in New York that it showed 
the way to the best of both 
worlds: a committed relation- 
ship and marvellous sex - with 
the same person. 

**Wc are in the middle of a 
crisis about sexually trans- 

mitted diseases. People are not 
just emotionally responsible for 
each other, they are realizing 
that they have a physical 
responsibility, too. They want 
to know where each other has 
been”, she said. 

’There is also a conservative 
trend in America at the 
moment, and my book is for all 
of us, single, married, divorced 
or remarried, who have finally 
rejected one-night stands, serial 
affair s, secret infidelities and 
open marriages and now yearn 
for one complete and lasting 
sexual relationship.*' 

Who would have guessed. Dr 
O'Connor enthused, that after 
all the crazy things we have 
tried, all the harriers we have 
broken, that making vital, 
uninhibited love to the same 
person forever would turn out 
to be the biggest sexual chal- 
lenge of our lives, with the 
potential to be more thrilling 
and varied and satisfying than 
any other sexual arrangement 
you could have thought of 

To some couples, however, 
that idea might appear to be the 
sexual equivalent of appearing 
in The Mousetrap. Their sex 
lives are dull, their partners 
uninterested or uninteresting. 
Dr O'Connor's How To - 
“more than a survival book for 
the post-sexual revolution" - 
agrees that marriage can be a 
perfect arrangement for avoid- 
ing sex, providing more alibis, 
excuses, distractions and ten- 
sions to keep us from enjoying 
each other sexually than any 
other scheme designed by man. 
But passion does not have to 
die with marriage, in spite of the 
fact that home can be the 
unsexiest place in the world. 

Dr O’Connor has varied 
suggestions how couples who 
have opted to sow and reap in 
the same meadow can ensure 
that sex remains fun and 
fulfilling. She is absolutely 
candid. The book Is explicit, 
based on her experience as a sex 
therapist for more than IS 

She prescribes “turn-on" 
techniques, touching exercises 
and bodily exploration ex- 
peditions. In reply to the most 
common complaint she hem — 
“We’re too busy for sex” - she 
says: “Nonsense!” 

Tve talked to hundreds of 
couples 'too busy for sex’ who 
think nothing of dedicating a 
full hour to preparing dinner, 
who somehow manage to spend 
at least an hour watching 
television each evening, and 
who average two nights a week 
with friends, ax classes, gyms or 
meetings. In terms of everyday 
priorities, sex is last. 

“Being ‘too busy’ is simply 


mm « 




' 'm i 


2-AC: i 

1: Mi- 

: iMm Mm4 

another subtle way we avoid 
sex. By not having time, we 
never have to face the anxieties 
or resentments which are the 
real reasons why we haven’t 
made love for weeks or months 
on end.” 

Her recipe: take each other - 
and a sandwich - to bed. “One 
evening a week - Wednesday is 
a nice neutral day - pick op a 
bottle of wine and two sand- 
wiches- to-go on the way home 
from work, and take each other 
and the sandwiches directly to 
bed. Do not turn on the TV. Do 
tnm off the phone (or put on 
your answering machine) and 
for the next three or four hours, 
just eat, drink . . . and fool 

Buy wine and 
two sandwiches 
on the way 
home from 
work and take 
each other to bed 

People have tried the sand- 
wich cure with success. One 
woman admitted to Dr O’Con- 
nor that by three o’clock on 
Wednesday afternoons she had 
usually made one or two 
“obscene” phone calls to her 
husband in his office. 

Dr O’Connor advocates fan- 
tasy, and tells the story of Terri 
and her husband who found 
that “sexing out" - getting a 
babysitter and freeing them- 
selves for an evening of sex in a 
hotel - made sex a treat One 
couple enjoyed going to a good 
hotel one ni g ht and a cheap one 
on another. Eventually they 
discovered an old boarding 
house which made the perfect 
setting for a secret affair - with 
each other. 

Another couple occasionally 
went to their car in the drive at 
night, and behaved like teen- 
agers in the back seat One 
supposes that the neighbours 
got used to it 

Dr O’Connor says that some 
couples do “naughty things" 
with their feet under the table in 
restaurants, and others enjoy 
sharing an evening of X-cerafi- 
cate videos. Incidentally, these 
are the best-selling videos in 

To those who seek to enliven 
their sex lives with extra-mari- 
tal affairs. Dr O’Connor admin- 
isters a rap on the knuckles. If 
they took half the energy and 
time they pul into juggling these 

>i ••yw • v-njw t 

Dr Dagmar O’Connor in her New York office: Turn off the phone and just fool around* 

affairs and put it instead into 
malting their sex lives with their 
own wives and husbands more 
exciting, they would be a lot 
happier, she says. 

T am convinced that we can 
have the security and trust of a 
continuous relationship and the 
thrill and adventure of an 
‘ affair ’ - with our husband or 

She is particularly pleased 
when retired people consult her. 
“I see a lot of them. They say: 
‘Now we have time to fa our 
sex lives - tell us how to do itf " 

Although Dr O’Connor’s 
book is uninhibited, she herself 
is resistant to becoming a public 
figure, unlike fellow New York 
sex guru Dr Ruth Westheimer, 
who loves to tell all about 
herself ' and revels in the 

“My private life is my own”. 
Dr O’Connor said. “I am a 
therapist, with an academic 
background. I teach and lecture. 

My patients come to me for sex 
therapy. It is not necessary for 
them to know all about me.” 

She is SO, married, with two 
sons at college. She moved to 
the United States in 1963, after 
studying in Stockholm, and 
worked with that grand old 
couple of sex therapy, William 
Masters and Virginia Johnson. 

W can have 
security and trust 
with the thrill 
of an affair 

She came to New York in 
1969, and was the city’s first 
female sex therapist She runs a 
private practice, and since 1977 
has been the director of tire 

sexual therapy programme at 
New York’s St LukeVRoose- 
velt Hospital. 

When her book was pub- 
lished in America, she went on 
a whirlwind publicity tour of 23 
cities. She plans a similar 
promotion drive in Britain in 
February - London, Bristol, 
Birmingham, Manchester, Glas- 
gow, as well as a visit to Dublin 
-in one week. . . 

She said that she had made 
one request - “Wherever I go I 
must be provided with an 
electric blanket!” How To Stay 
Warm In Bed In Britain? 

How To Make Love To The' 
Same Person For The Rest Of 
Your Life- And Slid Love It by 
Dr Dagmar O'Connor, pub- 
lished next month by Columbus 
Books, £7.95 hardback, £4.95 

Penny Symon 

© Times Newspapers Limited 1986 


up an appetite 


After tine rigours of the New 
Year I decide to be breve and 
expose myself to the farther 
rigours of French cuisine. All 
this tattc of Channel links with 
the French has given me a 
tremendous appetite. 

The girl at the ear rental 
desk at Nice airport pots down 
her baguette to help me with 
directions to our hotel: “The 
Hotel Westminster is easy to 
find. Tout droit ■ along foe 
Promenade des An gla is. She 
forgets to mention. that if yon 
hesitate for one moment in 
France, all the other drivers 
hook as if they are ambulances 
carrying -life or death patients 
on their hock seats. I hesitate - 
am honked - lose my nerve and 
swerve into a confusion of side 
streets. It’s now pouring with 
rain, which makes me feel even 
more panicky. 

At last I find the hotel but 
there is nowhere to park. T may 
as well be in London. I leave it 
in the delivery entrance at the 
rear and hope the car looks Hke 
a vegetable truck. 

Find a e hy n uki n g i wuii 
restaurant (no bigger than 
someone's front room) and 
begin the serious business of 
eating. I can forgive the French 
an; amount of iwmirfng once 
the; sit down to eat. 


Over breakfast, which we eat in 
the s unshin e on the balcony 
faring the sea, we discuss the 
proMem of where to have 
lunch. Near the Chagall Mar 
sema or near the Picasso 
Museum? The talk of culture 
is, of come, a blind to disguise 
the vulgar need to eat at all 
after last night’s large meaL 

Go to the car to find I have 
my very first French parking 
ticket ft begins: "Desole..." 
and I am disarmed. How can 
me be angry with a ticket that 
is worded so gently? 

The Nicois certainly know 
how to diffuse die pain of 
driving a car in the Riviera. 
The Flower Market car park 
lift is disguised as a little villa 
with painted windows, shut- 
tors and even tromped'oeil 
pigeons. The main town car 
park - a huge edifice like a cliff 
- has been cleverly covered in 
palm trees, plants and a 
children’s playground. 


It’s raining heavily tonight so 
we stay in and watch TV. Gone 
With The Wind (Autant en 
emporte le vent) is showing 
with dubbed French voices. 
There is an awful fascination in 

French, but lie French-speak- 
ing Negro mammy is too 
unlikely. I suddenly crave for 
British television. 


The sun is sh i n i ng again and I 
stop missing British television. 
The coast road is dramatic and 
the signs that say “Monte 
Carlo” seem to beckon and 
signal wickedness and glamour. 

I recall Cary Grant swooping 
along these roads in 7b Catch a 
Thief and change gear with a 
certain that I lack on the 
M20 to Folkestone. 

Stop in Monte Carlo and 
shuffle around a supermarket 
looking for shoe polish and 
shampoo. X wonder why Pm not 
throwing away the family 
fortune on the green baize. I 
geess 1 don’t know how to live 


The Matisse Museum in Nice 
is unspoilt. Some of Matisse's 
furniture is arranged in the 
rooms and his old palette is 
there; you can almost imagine 
he has gone out for a walk and 
will be hack shortly to continue 

painting . 

■ -The young curator tells me 
he plans to make the building 
even more like a home with 
plants mid caged birds. 
Matisse was fond of birds, he 
says. What about a few 
attractive woman as well, I 
want to say. I'm sure Matisse 
would have approved of a few 
naked young women running 
about the rooms. 

Sapper in an unusual res- 
taurant in Old Nice. It’s owned 
and run by Mme Htikw 
Barale. The rooms are filled 
with all kinds of antiques and 
brie-a-brac gramophones, old 
can ufm*, flat irons, kitchen 
utensils, brass scales, lamps 
and even a small vintage motor 
car. Madame runs around 
swiftly; checking, serving, 
throwing wood on to the open 
fire, greeting guests and resem- 
bling an old general laying 
siege to an unwary enemy. I 
feel both nourished and sur- 

£4 ImAia. 

As soon as I draw breath, 
reinforcements are thrown in 
and I have to prepare myself 
for another delirious sample of 
authentic peasant food. 
Madame chides me for not 
finishing up my ravioli aid I 
feel Uke a naughty child at my 
grandmother’s table. 

At the end of the meaL 
Madame hands out song sheets 
and we all sing “Nissa Lc 
Bella" - a sort of national 
anthem to Nice. 

ft’s wonderful but, for som* 
strange reason, it reminds hr 
of school dinners. 

pool 91 Centra selected storage a 
Cubes to wardrobes, shelving to 

treaties- Ideal tor home. business 

Mail-order catalogue (or visit us) 
CubeStore 58 Pembroke Rd W 8 
01-994 601® (algo Sflk & Notts) 

Supper at the 
Cordon Bleu 

The Spring progrumno 
of Tuesday Evening 
Demonstrations with 
Supper at the Cordon Bleu 
starts In early January. 

Each de mon str ati on covers 

demonstration tasting 
approximately 1 % hours. 
TWcet price £7 .60 with supper 
and free raffle of cooked 
dWtes. For more details and a 
programme please contact 

na CWd sw nf si C asl w y Srt g i : 
WMmjt+tmi tin. LmtAmWL 

TtUfikm*: 0-935 35&. 

a U m 

4 oranges 

2 bottles of Cotes du Rhone or 
other robust red wine 

10 bay leaves 

4 cinnamon sticks 











WmV , 


K'li Trltilii'i -EZIWMW 


1 small radicchk) 

4 tablespoons sunflower oil 

1 teaspoon taWnl (sesame paste) 

1 tablespoon white wine vtnogar 





will send 

your love 

Si. Xwentines Day 
if you send your love 
v>k inTheTtmes M 

1 /2 teaspoon sugar (optional) 

Skin the pigeon breasts and peel 
the grapes. Put a heavy pan on 
to heat while the salad greens 
are prepared. Warm four {dates. 

Separate the chicory into 

Tte romance of CacLarel 
is in tke air on St Valentines Day's. 

But only wlienyouplacea persontus. 
message to a loved one in Tke Times on 
February 14th. 

Because when you Jo, we'll sen J tbem a 

AnaisEau Je Toilette 30mL 
FOR HIM He will receive a Cacbarel pour 
l'Homme Eau Je Toilette 50 mL 
We'D post your gift in time for St 
Valentines Day witn a reminJer to look for 
your personal message in Tke Tunes. 


Please attack your message on a separate p 
receiveJ no later tkan February 7tk 1986. 
T enclng, H gUpqrm kw:£ 

To place yours fill in tke 
^/coupon Lekmv to react us by 

/Sr etruary 7tk, an JsenJit togetnerwrui 
yourckeque, postal orJeror Access/Visa 
number to: 

Tunes Newspapers LfcL, ' 

Classified Adwartiseraent Drat, 

12 Coley Street, LonJon WC9 99YT. 
Minimum messages: 3 lines, 4 warns 
per line. Cost: £18.00 (Message without 
gift: £13.80 inc VAX). AJJitional lines 
£4.60 inc VAX. per line. Fragrances only 
available to U.K. tea Jets. 

One Cacharel fragrance per message. 



My nai watuil 


Recipients name anti aiU-nwn 

HIS I I HERS npleasb tick wkicL 

Far office use only: TT 






With only 74 days to closedown 
Livingstone's fringe groups are 
getting rather greedy for GLC 
“Everything Must Go” grants. The 
Roundhouse centre for black arts in 
Camden, which opens in March, 
hopes for an extortionate £3 million. 
If it geu the money the grant will be 
one of "be biggest for the arts in the 
country. The possibility of such 
GLC largesse grates with certain 
people, among them Thelma Holt, a 
previous director of the Round- 
house and now with the National 
Theatre. Yesterday she told me: “I 
would have reservations about a 
black arts centre. There would be a 
grave clanger of it practising artistic 
apartheid. There is not enough work 
for black actors in this country, but 
surely they want to perform in front 
of big and discerning audiences.” If 
the centre docs not get the full £8 
million, it will be unable to buy the 
car park next door. Another likely 
buyer? The Inner London Magis- 
trate's Court - not the best of 
neighbours, according to the centre's 
director, Remi Kapo. 

Join the queue 

The prospect of thousands of 
compulsory redundancies is not 
upsetting every GLC employee. 
Indeed, staff tired of their jobs in the 
Inner London Education Authority 
- which is not being abolished - are 
volunteering to join the GLC to get a 
golden handshake when they are 
sacked. A staff exchange scheme, set 
up in November, helps ILEA 
workers to swap jobs with qualified 
GLC workers who face the boot on 
April 1 and want to stay in work. 
Even now a computer is matching 
volunteers with 6,000 GLC workers 
seeking jobs, taking into account, 
naturally, “equal opportunity fac- 
tors”. The lucky ILEA deserters will 
transfer to the GLC on paper only, 
never so much as leaving their 
offices. Even more extraordinary, 
the dodge has the full blessing of the 
London Residuary Body, the 
government staff commission and, 
apparently, the government itself. 

Wheeling dealing 

Accompanying the gilt-edged invi- 
tations to the Valentine's Day Ball at 
the Albert Hall is a card from St 
Christopher Motorists' Security 
Association offering a 10 per cent 
discount for a protection scheme 
“against being off the road following 
disqualification or accident . . 

Di discord 

Dianne Abbott’s nomination to fight 
Hackney North for Labour has not 
pleased everyone, it seems. At the 
meeting of Labour’s organization 
committee on Monday, AUEW 
member Ken Cure asked pointedly 

if there had been “any objections” to 
the black feminist’s official endorse- 

ment Labour’s press office con- 
firmed yesterday that he had made 
similar noises about the nomination 
of Militant supporter Dave Nellist 
last month. Cure, still miffed by the 
ousting of the AUEW-sponsored 
sitting member Ernie Robert by Ms 
Abbott, says he has heard allegations 
about the composition of the 
selection conference. “I was told 
there were no objections yet", he 
told me. 


Tre advised Westland to accept 
Allied-Lyops' bid and Sikorsky-Flat 
to take over Distillers' * 

Building bridges 

It’s just as well that Wimpey does 
not build houses in Ireland after the 
statement it issued before the 
Wimpey- sponsored Ireland v Eng- 
land amateur boxing match at 
Coventry: “To date not much is 
‘ known of the Irish team, the 
combined efforts of the ABA and of 
George (We Import More Paddies 
Every YearJ Wimpey having ailed 
to extract the information which 
makes international matches so 
much more interesting - . ." Fury 
broke out in the Irish camp, and the 
ABA secretary, Clive Howe, has sent 
profuse apologies for Wimpey’s 
gaffe. Wimpey told me: “It's a well- 
known joke that Wimpey stands for 
•We Import More Paddies ...’ 
though actually we don’L” The Irish, 

. incidentally, lost. 

Kismet, Kate 

Civil Service union politics become 
even weirder. A breakaway moder- 
ate faction in the CPSA is demand- 
ing that its general secretary. Alistair 
Graham, presses Mrs Thatcher 
belatedly to honour Bob Geldof 
Why the sudden interest in Saint 
Bob? Yesterday a faction official 
told all: the national executive 
motion is a snub to the CPSA's 
president, Kate Losinska, whose left- 
bashing has split the ruling moderate 
group ... but helped to win her an 
OBE in the New Year Honours list 


The more I contemplate the new 
anti-nuclear movement called 
“Freeze”, the odder it seems to me. 
It has been attacked as a "front” for 
CND, and although. I reject the 
charge (the names on the advertise- 
ment soliciting support include Mr 
Roy Jenkins, Mr Richard Body, Sir 
Peter Medawar and Mr Ludovic 
Kennedy, none of whom is exactly 
known as a Bruce Kent lookalike, let 
alone a gull), I must warn those in 
charge that they will shortly find 
themselves the subject of a takeover 
bid. At the vciy least CND will use 
the new organization as a stalking- 
horse. and since the stalkers are after 
Britain's nuclear defences and 
alliances, those of the signatories 
who are not unilateralists had better 
watch out. particularly when some 
of their fellow-signers are certainly 
CND supporters. 

But that is not the oddest thing 
about Freeze. Before I go any 
further, I had better quote the 
message that accompanies the 
appeal and to avoid all misunder- 
standing, ! shall quote it in foil, with 
no change other than running its IS 
short paragraphs together to save, 

Everyone agrees that the world would 
be a safer place with fewer nuclear 
weapons. But people have always 
disagreed over how we should try to 
achieve that. Now. at least, there’s an 
approach lo the problem that brings 
all reasonable people together. 
Already, the nuclear FREEZE has 
won massive support. In polls, in both 
Britain and America. 3 out of 4 people 
have voted in favour. Which means 
that, whoever you are. people like you 
support the FREEZE. It's easy to see 
why. Today, there are over 30.000 
nuclear weapons in the world - 
enough to destroy the earth and 
everyone on it many times over. The 
FREEZE says, simply, enough is 
enough. The FREEZE proposal is that 
no more nuclear weapons should be 
tested, built or deployed anywhere. la 
itself, of course, that wouldn’t banish 
the threat of nuclear war. But it would 
be a positive step in the right 
direction. Without a freeze on alt 
nuclear weapons, attempts at arms 
control are bound to fail Because 
even while the two sides are 
considering cuts in certain types of 
weapons, they are continuing to add 
new types to their stockpiles more 
rapidly than ever. A freeze can and 
will happen - but only when enough 
voices are raised to demand it T hink 
about it. And if a freeze sounds like 
sense to you, put your name down for 
a safer future. 

Now there is a good deal to study in 
that statement (which is signed by, 
in addition to the four. I have 
named, such savants as Billy . 
Connolly, Brian Gough, Anita 
Roddick, Denis Healey and John le 
Carre), and it is easy to see, in 
studying it. why some have claimed 
that Freeze is just old CND wine in 
new bottles. To start with, I do not 
feel at all comfortable when I reflect 
that a man I admire as much as I do 
Mr Jenkins has put his name to that 
essentially fraudulent statement that 
there are now enough nuclear 
weapons in the world “to destroy the 
earth and everyone on it many times 

The claim is fraudulent not 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

is a 
then I’m 
an Eskimo 


because it is false (it is obviously 
true) but- because it employs the 
device, characteristic of CND, of 
implying, without stating, something 
which is false. The main use of the 
technique by CND, to which I have, 
repeatedly drawn attention, is the' 
elision between their lurid but 
undeniable descriptions of what 
would happen to the earth if a total 
nuclear war were to take place, and 
their conclusion that unilateral 
disarmament by Britain and the 
West is therefore essential. The 
elision disguises the want of logic; 
the frightfulness of nuclear war is' 
certainly a reason for seeking ways 
of avoiding it, but does not in itself 
point to any particular way, let alone 
to the one way advocated by CND. 

And in miniature form, foe 
“enough bombs to destroy the 
world” argument does the same 
thing. The suggest io faisi here is a 
double one: it tries to show that 

since far fewer bombs would suffice 
even the Reediest destroyer, the' 
extra ones have no purpose at aQ, 
and it also tries to show that the 
bombs in question are there in order 
to destroy the world. There is, of 
course, a reasoned and reasonable 
case against the stockpiles, but CND 
knows perfectly well that foe bombs 
are stockpiled not to destroy the 
world but to deter any aggressor 
from taking action that might lead to : 
that apocalypse, and. also .that the 
multiplication of such deterrent 
weaponry is likewise designed to 
prevent an aggressor from getting into 
a position of dangerous advantage by 
establishing an overwhelming pre- 
ponderance offirepower. 

I acknowledge foe danger inherent 
in the stockpiling - who. wouldn’t? - 
but see through CND’s sleight-of- 
hand in discussing it. Bat what am I 
supposed to conclude from the use 
of it, in its unretouched form, . by 

Freeze? Well, I do not conclude that 
Mr Jenkins is a mole for .the 
Monsignor, but 1 do conclude foal 
he has here displayed somew hat less 
than his usual shrewdness. (If Freeze 
really want to be. taken seriously, 
and to convince foe uncommitted 
that they are not pathfinding for 
CND, they could take one bold step 
- which " would dose their credibility, 
gap overnight they should rewrite 
the' pledge that adherents are asked 
to sign, so that foe organization 
specifically rejects ■ unilateral dis- 
armament either on the part of 
Nato, or of Britain alone.) 

But there is something much 
worse here. Look back through the 
text of Freeze's cafi. “Everyone 
agrees that foe world would be a 
safer place, with fewer nuclear 
weapons . . . people have always 
disagreed over how we should try to 
achieve that . . . there's an approach 
to foe problem that brings all 
reasonable people together ... no 

■ more nuclear weapons should be 
tested, built or deployed anywhere. 

. . Without a freeze on dll nuclear 
weapons, attempts at arms control 
are bound to foil . . • f- ■ 

■ - .. Well?. There is something rather 
important missing, is there . not? 
Where is. foe bit that makes dear 
. whether Freeze, if agreement cannot 
be reached among foe nuclear 
powers, advocates a unilateral halt 
by Britain, by the United States or 
by Nato, or whether, in foe absence 
of such agreement, the Western 
powers would be absolved by Freeze 
if they continued to build; test and 

. deploy? 

It is difficult to believe that foe 
statement leaves that crucial ques- 
tion unanswered, but it does.. And. it 
is quite impossible to believe that, 
when the appeal was being drafted, 
if never occurred to anyone that the 
question might be asked; somebody 
must have decided to let a sleeping 
can of worms lie. I can understand 
the difficulty; to insist that the West 
or Britain should not wait for the 
Russians, but go ahead with a self- 
imposed ban, would make Freeze 
hard to distinguish from CND, and 
rightly, for it would be hard to 
distinguish from CND. Yet to insist 
instead that of course a freeze would 
have to be agreed between both 
camps would make : the .- new 
organization practically pointless 
they . might . as well launch i 
campaign to ensure that it never 
rains during Wimbledon. 

I have to ask Roy Jenkins and the 
more sensible signatories - they also 
include David Steel Sir Freddy 
Ayer, Sir Alec Guinness and Lord 
Murray - just what they think they 
were subscribing their hands to, and 
just what those who fill in foe form 
(“Yes, TU put my name to the 
FREEZE”) are supposed to be 
committing themselves to. .Until 
.satisfactory answers are available 
from the organizers, they are in no 
position to complain at not being 
taken seriously except by those who 
view them, however unfairly, as 
little more than blood-brothers of 

©Ttaa Nnwn United, 19M 

At foe foot of the staircase hung a 
small picture of the Queen resplen- 
dent in turquoise evening gown; 
next to it a red, white and blue 
“Ulster says No" sticker. On foe 
platform of the East Belfast Orange 
hall a table was draped with a 
grubby Union Jack, while above the 
door was a portrait of King William, 
hero of Northern Ireland's Unionist 
community since the Battle of the 
Boyne almost two centuries ago. 

Inside the hall 300 people awaited 
the arrival of two modern-day 
heroes of loyal Ulster, campaigning, 
for next week’s 15 by-elections. 
Across the province similar crowds 
are turning out to back foe unlikely 
double act of James Molyneaux, 
leader of the Official Unionist Party, 
and the Rev lan Paisley of the 
Democratic Unionists. They are 
encouraging loyalists to go to the 
polling booths, for foe sixth 
successive year, to signal an 
overwhelming rejection of the 
Anglo-Irish agreement. On this 
occasion, in public at least, ali is 
sweetness and light within the 
unionist family. The agreement 
signed two months ago has soothed 
the bitter rivalry which arose while 
the Official Unionists struggled to 
remain the largest party, against 
sustained and at times venomous 
attack from Paisley's brasher brand 
of loyalism. 

The new unity has received an 
overwhelming welcome from loyal- 
ists who fondly remember the 
monolithic majority rule of Stor- 
mont's Unionist Party. So too have 
the frequent references to “my 
friend Ian” and "my good colleague 
Jim" which now trip off foe leaders’ 

The province's 15 unionist MPs 
arc depicted as masterful parliamen- 
tarians, political analysts are dis- 
missed as “political popes" and the 
Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland is described variously as 
“Tom King In Blunderland" or 
Tom Tomcat King”. Paisley is 
always guaranteed a standing ova- 
tion on arriving and leaving each 
meeting and loud cries of “more” at 
the end of his speech. 

No such shout is heard after a 
Molyneaux peroration. The tight 
grimace on his face and the growing 
private criticism in his own party of 
an alliance in which it has been ' 
completely overshadowed by its 
partner are harbingers of the 
problems that will face unionists 
after the votes are counted. It will 
require nimble footwork for either 

Richard Ford on the improbable alliance 
between Ulster’s rival unionists 

How long will 
the lion lie down 

with the lion? 

The DUP also fears that exhor- 
tations to party members to 
withdraw from local, .governing 
bodies will have less rrldral authority 
if unionist MPs are ih The Com- 

■Some senior 0UP men, including 
Harod McCusker, the deputy leader, 
are telling members that foe leader- 
ship must meet in private after the 
by-elections to explore every option, 
however unpalatable; including 
.power-sharing or partnership with 
the mainly Roman Catholic SDLP 
Such suggestions, anathema to 
unionists in the past, risk opening a 
Pandora’s box of differences. 

. The belief is. growing, however, 
that the unionists must put forward 
some positive ideas to counter foe 
negative posture that has so far 
characterized their tactics. Both the 
British and Irish governments would 
encourage devolution in the pro- 
vince if it had widespread support in 
Northern Ireland, and it is being 
held out as a way in which foe 
unionist community can reduce the 
role of the Anglo-Irish intergovern- 
mental conference. 

With a decision on the fate of the 
Northern Ireland Assembly due 
within a matter of months, the 
government wants a new round of 
talks between all parties to discover 
whether there are any prospects for 

Poll partners only: James Molyneaux and Ian Paisley 

side to extricate itself from an 
embrace which Official Unionists 
fear will help Paisley achieve his 
kmg-hcld ambition to' overtake the 
OUP as the dominant force in 
Ulster loyalist politics. 

Differences in strategy and day-to- 
day tactics are already developing 
between the two parties. Within the 
OUP disagreements between devo- 
Iutionists and those favouring 
integration with the UK already 
show in the thinly veiled jockeying 
for position which has started in foe 
event of Molyneaux either retiring 
or being forced to fight for his 

Both unionist parties have been 
anxious to avoid any public 
discussion of future strategy other 
than to signal to their supporters 
that it will be a long campaign.' This 
is partly because the differences are 
so deep that consensus. is bard to 
reach and partly because few have 
given it any thought. 

Leading figures in the OUP. 
however, including Molyneaux and 
Enoch Powell, believe that support 

from the by-election resulte will 
reinforce their parliamentary cam- 
paign to oppose the Anglo-Irish 
agreement until the next general 
election. It has long been a favourite 
strategy of Powell that in the. event 
of a hung Parliament the price of 
unionist support would be . further 
concessions, in the shape of 
scrapping the agreement with 

This strategy is viewed by the 
Democratic Unionists and some 
within Molyneaux’s own party, as 
evidence of lack of militant co mmi t- 
mem against the deal. Unlike foe 
three Paisleyite MPs. Molyneaux 
and bis dose supporters will 
vigorously oppose any policy -which 
commits its MPs to withdrawing 
from Westminster wi thin a matter of 
weeks of being returned in the by- 
elections. Such a lactic was outlined 
in the immediate aftermath of foe 
agreement and the DUP believes 
that only if MPs withdraw from 
.Westminster will they prove to foe 
government the seriousness of their 
.opposition. . 

devolved government. Already both 
sides are laying down preconditions. 

Unionists are divided on foe need 
to hold talks at alL Those in favour 
suggest they could begin only if foe 
Anglo-Irish deal was already totter- 
ing or finished and if there was no 
prospect of SDLP involvement in 
talks on that basis. The SDLP is 
insisting that it will enter talks, and 
that if agreement on a partnership 
form of administration was readied 
it would then want the proposals put 
to the electorate. 

Given that both unionist -parties 
are always looking over their 
shoulders to detect any sighs of 
weakness in foe opposition to power 
sharing; it is highly unlikely they 
would relish such a prospect. - ■ 

The real worry is that unionist 
politicians may be approaching foe 
summer months of marching anrji 
parades divided among themselves, 
leaving a dangerous vacuum. This 
could be exploited by loyalist 
paramilitaries, already deeply sus- 
picious of the effectiveness of the 
unionist leadership, who would be 
prepared to act both within and 
outside the province. 


..w take people's names and turn 
them into general -words, it is a 
common process, going back to 
Adam and Eve, caesarian sections 
and martial arts. There is some 
evidence that the Prime Minister’s 
□ame is undergoing eponymy. For 
some lime Thatcher and Thatch erite 
have been terms of abuse in Labour 
and radical circles, and are duly 
recorded as such in foe latest 
dictionaries. If this goes on, we may 
forward to foul-mouthed 

Slagging Maggie 

New words for old, by Philip Howard 


‘WW1» — ■ , - 

people shocking respectable citizens 




„ IU . “Thatcher " off!", 
Thatcher!”, “Go to Thatcher! 
■Thatcher you!” 

Yet it is a harmless, rural 
traditional English name. Thatcher 
the preferred form in the south, 
„,th Thacker showing Scandinavian 
influence in the north, and Theaker 
i the Old NOrse word "to cover" 
Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. 
Thaxter has been noted only in 
Norfolk, still survives. It is 

just as well that the Prime Minister 
does not have a name that sounds 
more violent and explosive, like 
Pitt, Cripps, Pym, or Horatio 

I -do not think that Mrs Thatcher 
should feel too wounded by the 
process. It happens all the lime, and 
is a sign that she is leaving her mark 
on the dictionary as well as on foe 
economy, it once happened to The 
Times. In foe struggle over the 
Reform Bill in the 1830s William 
Cobbett fought a war with no holds 
barred with The Times over who 
spoke. for the public.. He called the 
paper “foe vile Times". “the stupid 
and beastly old Timor. 

Those , were days of brisk .abuse, 
livelier than anything we can 
imagine today. The Times was 
registered at foe Stamp Office in the 
names of two ' sisters . of foe 
proprietor, giving Cobbett an open- 
ing for male chauvinist abuse: 
“Swift very justly lays down, that 
when women quit the behaviour of 
their sex and behave like bullying 
men, they -are to be treated like 
bullies and .kicked down stairs 
accordingly. Every word contained 
in this indecent and atrocious 
newspaper must be deemed -and 
taken to be the words of- these two 
women. J do not at present know-foe 
persons of the audacious terma- 

gants. When l do. I shall be by no 
means sparing in descriptions of 
foeir paunches and such other parts 
belonging to them that I may think 
worthy of description.” 

.In the war of words, Cobbett and 
foe Chartists adopted The Times as 
an eponymous verb, meaning to 
calumnate in a libellous and lying 
manner, as in, “If - you don’t look 
out, PH Times you." 

Neil Kirin ock has not been at foe 
top of politics long enough to have 
given his name to foe vocabulary. 
But I-think that he needs to be more 
parsimonious in having himself 
photographed surrounded by as- 
sorted babies. This brings irresistibly 
to mind foe Hon Samuel Slum key 
foe successful candidate at Eatans- 
’wilL “He's kissing ’em "tST, 
screamed foe enthusiastic little 
gentleman. And hailed- by foe 
deafening shouts of the multitude, 
■the procession, and the English 
language, moved on. 

Peter Kellner 

Every day brings fresh evidence of Ponting ■ has - been acquitted tf 
the government’s compuUapn to brai^i»^cn^Twprf^of5caf. 
hide foe troth. And so far each Secrets Acu Hescttme -speaks in a 
disclosure ’has added to .Mrthael Commons debate on foe j! 
Hesd tine’s credibility. Butbefore he street^ Speech is 

comes to be accepted as a faithful / sumiar ^o last week’s resignation 
defender of all that is just and true, armounOTeac^a CMtams tc^ 

ology of detailed statements. 

Qne of Hcscl tine’s main tdtarees t. 
that Ponting changed his advicT 5 
ministers without reason. In ' * 
ing a rep^.fo V letter. 

h» own record- deserves examin- 
ation . . 

Flashback to February 1973. 

Heseltine is Minister for Aerospace- 

Rumours are' circulating that the- . . 

government has decided to abandon DaiyeU m April 1984. ’“foe 'afoS 
support for the hovertrain. On that Mr ' Fontihg ? gave ‘’me' 
February. 12 Heseltine tells . MPs: diametrically opposed. to-tbatin-jns 
“The question of foe government's earlier draft. Although he toWtnc on 
providing financial assistance for foe 29 Man* ttot&was nbt pqssiWe 
continuation of .this project , is still .amwer^Dalwffs^questu^s'becaasc 

■ under conrideratiori’*. . they touched on. .operational .' am} 

Two days later, in evidence to the - inldligehcc' matters, on ,12 April he 
Commons -select committee .on .told me that the answers were' not 
science and technology, Heseltine c la ss ifi ed- rapd should ? therefore be 
saya foe government's decision to. given.” \ .- 

abandon the project had been taken Hesdtme’s - account omits what 

on January 29. He refuses to admit .. bappetfcd between Manfo'. 29 and 
foat he had misled the Commons. : . . . Apia According Ponting.. is 
' On September 6 \ the select - The JUght to Know,- his- March- 29 
committee's report finds that Hesel- draft “coukLnotbe cleared with the 
tine had made 'ah "untrue”' state- mteU^edce stafFui tlie tune , before it 
merit to MPs. Heseltine denies the had fo^be sent to H^riitine. It was 

■ charge and insists that he had -been r 
“open- and frank” with Parliament. 

Five weeks later Heseltine changes 
bis mind. He- makes- a . personal 
statement to .MPs: “1 apologize 
sincerely to. foe House for foe 
misunderstanding which arose;" . 

We press the fast button apd 

fv'. ^ ' ^ 

therefbre a cautious repty hotgmjw 
away infeamation:^ > ' :1 ; \ 

... Ob’ foe following day a : Iot» 
meeting took.' place in Heseitine’s 
office;-- As -well - as' Heseltine and 
Tfontirig,-Thc = participants' includ ed 
Jptin Stanley. Minister- far '■ foe 
AraojedV Forces, and Sir Give 



' S a j*.m 

move to April T983. Heseltine is^ \yhitmo re, Tfes<foHie’s peemum 

how Secretary for Defence and a 
general election is in foe offing. He 
sends a letter to Conservative MPs 
and candidates:in marginal seats: Its' 
subject CND. ••> v - ' - ’■ 

The cruxof Hesdtinc’ s_aiguments. 

is ** la clear majority of ; foe . greater openness ai ' the meeting, 
elected mCTaberv of -$® \ proceeded ' to draft- a reply that 

salary: At this..- meeting, writes 
Ponting, “it was* agreed that only 
one, question in, Tam. PalyelFs letter 
would have to be ;'dedmed -on 
security'grounds*' --- 
. "Ponting, ' who - had argued ' for 

*-■- '' 

tju* •• 



■~r>’ ■' 

council of CND . . . areof theteft or 
extreme left”. T To • support ■ ' tins 

reflected.- Heseitine’s.. new position, 
says foat, b* sent his. draft 

statement hirlists 14 members of the 

iutofigence staffs and they cpn- 

co until ’ and commtitts on ^ their 
political affiliations.. One of CND's. 
two .vice-chairmen is Roger Sptller 
who, Heseltine says, Js “associa t ed 
with the. International Socialists”. - 
The International -Socialists: no 
longer exist, however, and for. some 

years have be«i ; _ foe _ Socialist- . f^no apparent reason, hadchanged 
work ers Ptoty^Spilfer has ,°ey er his advice and sought lo reverse my 
been a member of Bor SWP; he is a deration ^Wa^ori'fon 

“^stream Labour Party, member.’ . ^vice; 1 therefore replied in general 
Heseltine says tbat tfae; 14 people C. terms” (emphasis added). 

. ' 

firmed that tire information was not 
classified. I 'sent: foe reply to 
Heseltine- on - 12 April and it was 
rejected, on JohnStanley’s advice”. 

; AII Heseltine says in' his account 
of foose events is that “Mr Ponting, 

4 i.-fc 

: - 7_-' 
£ 3 :: : 

>i j 


he lists "constitute a dear msuority 
of the total membera-of the national 
council of CND „v . who' number 
26". Jn feet foe.coandl consists of 
more- than . lflfr- people. He say s 
“CND is now planning to attend the 
Soviet Union front oiganization, foe 

-'. On this episode it is Heseitine’s 
word against Ponting’s. Bat there is 
one way to settle the controversy - a 
way that should appeal , to Heseltine 
these days. In . his interview: on 
Sunday's Weekend World ;with 



'Sp -- 

X *-•- 

is correct. 

The same course has been open to 
Hesel tine for the past twelve months 
lin Jus dispute write Ponting. Yet so 
->fajlkbfc jhas^ refused requests to place 
the i^lcVaht documents in the House 


when CND’s council discussed 
foe invitation to Prague, the meeting 
wasr divided - JbetwKn» foose vwha 
fojpughtit shouJdrQvt-'beieprforaae& 
at all and those who thought -two 
observers should ,^o on condition , Commons library. . ^ ■.. . . 
foat ;they. defied, the Czech/ auth- " ['Perhaps Heseitine’s resignation 
orities mid made contact with the, statement teUs/the truth, foe whole 
dissident Charter . 77 group. This ;trufo and nothing 6uf the truth.- But 
deration was -made and reported . until all foe evidence ; emerge^ the 
before Heseltine wrote his letter. Prime Minister’s critics should Te 
The observers did' go; they did meet careful Michael Heseltine, however 
members of Charter -..77; British • -ibpenly he speaks,.is not always right; 
television cameras were on -hand to . and.his detractors, however discreet, 
record the encounter. . -. may not always be, wrong. . 

Press foe "fast" forwardbutton ; The author is political editor -of- the 
again. It is February ' 1985. Oive New Statesman. 


M Mil 

r.;: s: 
.6 :r;-. 

3 22.- 
i ip 

30 ; 


moreover . Mil es Kington 





Now that 1 986 is herc and it is fully- ■ that something more -serious ■ be 
920 years since the - Battle ‘ - of ■ found for 1066, such -as Bridgeton 
Hastings, the government has-: dhe> JRiver Stanford, and foal 
decided to release more sensitive ' meanwhile those - responsible for 
cabinet papers dating from 1 066. ' 1065 should be put to death. 

a a:, ’ 

^ io p-.v. : - 
7 ,. to • 

“The recent de luxe publication of-. . -. was^ evenjhen, an 

the Bayeux Tapestry;" said a -unpoTtent 

issue, arid several papers 
-bear witness to HarolcTs-fearteal the 
Wdsh.'.Danes and Normans would 
cicnne: over. here to increase unem- 
pfoyment and many - our women. 
His solution, drastic by ofo -stan- 
dards, was to kfil': as njahy .Wdsh, 
Danes and Nonhans as possible. 
This he achieved wifo the Welsh fold 
'Danish, but the JSattle of Hastings 

spokesman, “has caused us' to reveal . 
perhaps more than we would wish. 

This odious propaganda production 
by the Normans was -designed' to ■ 
show - the late = King .Harold's 
government in the -worst possible 
light, and we want ' to stress how 
little troth there is in most of it; Fbr; 

instance. King Harold rieVer ever tJ .. ^ , -■ ..... 

swore an oath of alleaimice to Duke" could be said to mark the definitive 
William, or promised to back hup r.^gilore of, his immigration - pohey. 
for foe succession to Edward foe ' Harold would have found It ironic 
Confessor. At thevery roost; they that his own job wfoeptakenbya 
had exploratory talks about a Norman who, let said, showed 
common defence ■paee" ‘ > -'tefo he srasfiilly.ap taiu; . - - - 

Examination of foe 1066 papers -- Oa. the .adtural sfe’HaroW. 
show things to have ''been afoSe . wifo foxJuio:- 

more coxSticited iliaa thS. Enfoisfr 

defence forces were bamperedlwan Normai1 - .budding techni ques 
inadequate simply ^fmoSted many papertl!e ^[£Si" 

soIdSs, and^govemment was 1 :fflOD ^ DS ' 


spec'f. . • 

J Bfcd y. 

?G wr ftr.!r.t : 

2.*5tt:c r - 

looking for foreign investment, to 
create a new cavalry strike force. 
Harold, -looking towards Brittany, 
favoured the Armorican bid for our 

faceless modem developments 
and “carbuncles on" the bf the 
land^- . Perhaps it was as well foat^he 
never lived to see -the way Britain 


’N.c. e 

■-N far. c. 

C es b--- 


cavalry industry, bilt foe' Eari' of' : ^ asnt 'by 'avsentg J 



Westland, one Miiclde Hazel tine, 
fought tooth and -nail -to get foe 
French involved.- The. business;-. of 
government ground .xo a complete 
ball while these Two powerful men 
battled for their respective views- 
Indeed, one cabinet paper showed 

Norman high-rise . str u ctu re s, -bthu 
; and forbidding.- many of whidi still 
stand derelict and uninhabited. -VJH 
our planners' never learn from the 
\ follies of Hartech'and Fenibttike? 

Other -papers reveal that even 
then the English government ■ was 


uiomo. one caornet paper.shqwed . with foe idea ofi cross^han- 

*SSd* One rtmbrt considers foe 

v ! r ^ s - ■ • to * idea of a bridge ofwooden boats tied 
25W “ announcentent in the. side by rideTSother sngasfr e4mgc 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, four g roat^- stppe viaduct wifo/^restingfy, 

V: ■" 1 

whereby, it is ddudy demonstrated 
that foe Armorican bid -is both 
sensible and profitable. ,To . be 
headed;' *Accepr foe Annorican 
Offer Eke NowT ” No decisiori had 
been reached .fry 1066, which is why 
foe E n glish '.had no, cavalry at 

grooves* for wheeled carts* to run 
along. This would, jfoey say, cutfo® 
jbiuuey from London to Pains down 
toseyep <iays, a I S0 ^ : 

wants to'go to i^aris anyway? " 
The main interest, however^spll 
rentres on foe tritthabfDdt foe Battle 
of Hasting, and here .the . &nvem- 
: ment of 1 9S6 is stifl! pldyiflg it canny* 
“There are spm^^^«rsfr6m,'I^^ 

Hastings and paid dear for ft. . 

, But .there was much more to* life 
in 1066 than fighting, and other 

cabinet .--papers reveal facets of rim w 

contemporary^ existeute hhherto spokesman, "as foStndtb' '.sun* 1 
uissuspectetL Kisg Harold, it turns ■ that goveramems tend to make very . 
oul was inuch upset by tl« standard , badimisfakes. This is not anidea *e. 
of the Royal gjmmand Mumming . wish to encouiage. The iwhofe.tfnfo 
Perfonnanoe. The 1065 offering had.-, may baye to wait until 2066." 

in ori^ brirfSano foa 1 - 
dew, much-frrmJed' comet t$._ 
Family.m Uncommonly hard to aBi't3L& 
a. bad iighL-He.suffiesls m*a memo- :;nnxed eye"l. ‘"i - v-c 

^o Uslv 

•• ** 

- • ,*..*■. * <r ,' 



Ian Rofld. Uunlon WC1X jEZ- Tdepbone: Ol-MT 1234 


.TbrEbrajvat Cbevcning, which -- 
■ boas&av first edition of Adam 
Smith’s i Tht Wealth of 

Natiohs’Vhas becotnethe highly 
suitable location for Mrs 
Thatdherfs. Treasury ministers to;, 
make their. Budgets over - a 
January weekend.; There have 
been years^in. .which hardly., a 
comma was changed after <jhe» 
yening. Last weekend's preamble 
to the annual spring 'Budget, ■ 
however, took place under 
• clouds of uncertainty as to .the 
Chanceflor’s room • . for 

OiLprices, exchange rates and 
interest rates could allchange 
quite sufficiently, over the next 
couple of months:, to make 
nonsense of January sums. The 
purposes of th is Budget, how- 
ever.are unusually plain. 

The financial markets have 
suspected s u rrept i tious reflation 
ever since the Chancellor’s 
Autumn Statement (whose full 
consequences for public expendi- 
ture will be detailed in today’s 
annual white paper).- The mar- 
kets are jumpy about oil, and 
concerned about the effects on 
British inflation and inter- 
national competitivenessoffest- 
rising wage costs. These worries 
could only be increased when the 
Chancellor tossed aside a monet- 
ary target barely halfway through 
the financial year. Thus the first 
intention of Mr Nigel Lawson’s 
third Budget must be to. demon- 
strate' his continuing commit- 
ment to budgetary prudence. 

Even the Confederation of 
British Industry, which has been 
known to urge' more deficit 
spending in the past, yesterday 
endorsed the Chancellor’s stra- 
tegic target, a limit on public 
sector borrowing in 1986-87 of 
£7.5 billion; Targets are one 
thing, achievements quite an- 
other yet again, during 1985-86, 
the Chancellor has been obliged 
to recognize that his original 
forecast was optimistic, as filling 
oil prices eroded the. Treasury’s 
revenues. They have --as the 
Chancellor has also admitted — 
eroded the Chancellor’s scope for 
cutting- taxes within his pre-set 
limits for borrowing, perhaps 

halving the figure of £31^ binibn 
originally forecast forthe coming 
.financial year. i £ . 

However; large or smkll this 
scope is, h remains feiriy clear' 
how the: : Chancellor intends to 
use ■ it: -Income tax: is.- again .the 
focus -of. his intentions. This, 
purpose is more co n t ro versial. 

The CBI, for one, wishes ■ a 
package of employment-abating 
measures totaW priority. There 
is no . lobby, for the interests of 
the ordinary taxpayer, so the 
Governments dogged .determi- 
nation to lower - -his - or her 
income tax’ bills deserves sup- 
port. Yet even’ the method of 
cutting income tax is a *"«**«• of 

' Mrs Tbatcher’s Government 
.first took office firmly commit- 
ted to cutting the basic rate of 
income taxL to 2S per cent The. 
emphasis soon, shifted to income 
tax thresholds — raising them in 
order to “f&ke people out of tax” 
altogether. Recently, the notion 
of a lower basic tax rate seems to 
have caught the Government’s 
fancy again - though enthusiasm 
has " dwindled with the scope for 
tax cats. : • 

It K takes over one billion, 
pounds to trim .the basic tax rate 
by a single percentage point; and 
there would be no great political 
appeal in lowering the basic tax 
rate to 29 per cent. But Mr 
Lawson can use this Budget to 
present income tax reform as a 
coherent strategy, aided by his 
promised green paper on the 
taxation of married couples. Its 
proposals, however. Cannot poss- 
ibly be enacted before the next 
general election. 

The Chancellor’s far more 
urgent need to demonstrate 
coherence is in his monetary* 
policy which was once both the 
framework and the foundation 
of the Govemmenf s strategy to 
lower inflation and foster sus- 
tainable growth. Time was when 
a set of firm monetary targets 
-were intended to influence 
expectations and wage teigains, 
confirm government resolve and 
end discretionary tinkering with 
the economy. 

' Through all .the vicissitudes of 

its courageous attempt to stick to 
i declared strategy for years 
ahead,, the Government has 
shown a commendable determi- 
nation to pursue the battle 
against inflation. What is less 
commendable is its seeming 
inability to shift, as circum- 
stances change, to a hew monet- 
ary strategy. At present, it is still 
clinging to the trappings of the 
old, acting within them a 
charade: a pretence at laigetry 
which is qnite as discretionary 
arid ' judgemental as anything 
that went before. In Mr Lawson's 
. present policy, the money num- 
bers are merely interesting indi- 
cators - to which, certainty, the 
authorities remain usefully alert, 
but which provide no certainty 
to the markets. 

. The recent rise in interest rates 
came not because the money 
targets were being overshot, 
because one has been exceeded 
and abandoned long since, while 
another gives no cause for 
immediate concern. It came in 
response to a whole bundle of 
fears in the money and currency 
markets, in which the Govern- 
ment felt obliged to acquiesce. 

Time and a gain th« Govern- 
ment has been obliged to shove 
an interest-rate wedge under the 
pound. The need to do so is 
increased by the markets* mysti- 
fication about Government 
exchange rate policy. For Mrs 
Thatcher has remained strangely 
reluctant to pursue the logic of a 

• policy which relies on a stable 
exchange- rate for monetary 
control and inflation restraint, 
by entering the European Monet- 
ary System. 

• It is here that the Chancellor i 
could- find the framework, the I 
strategic darity, that his monet- 
ary policy now needs. Member- 
ship of the EMS is the natural 
successor to the .medium-term 
financial strategy he himself 
helped to frame.- The MTFS 
helped bring inflation down to 
the level at which Britain can 
contemplate membership of a 
wider, European, monetary 
framework. It . is the great 
opportunity of Mr Lawson’s 
third Budget. 


0 !< 

: 1 ;v& 

The French Socialist party, after 
more than four years in govern- 
ment, is defending its record 
with rather more verve -and 
conviction than, even a . few 
months ago, it seemed likely to 
be able to muster. With two 
months to go until the National 
Assembly election a series of 
recently published economic 
indicators attest to the Govern- 
ment’s responsible and prudent 
management of the economy 
over the last three years - that is, 
since it realized the full extent of 
the damage done by the disas- 
trously mistimed reflation of its 
first year in office. 

M Pierre Beregovoy, the 
Finance minister, loses no op- 
portunity to proclaim his attach- 
ment to economic liberalism. 
His claim to be less dingisteihan 
the last non-socialist Prime 
Minister, M Raymond Bane, is 
somewhat specious, since price 
controls lifted by M Bane were 
reimposed early m the life of the 
socialist Government and have 
been only gradually and partially 
relaxed since. None the less, M 
Beregovy’s good sense and 
moderation are widely appreci- 
ated in the business community, 
and last week he won a resound- 
ing ovation with a speech to a 
gathering of senior private sector 
executives, the “Forum de FEx-, 

■ Opinion polls have revealed 
broad public support for many of 
the specific, reforms that the 
Government, lias introduced - 
the fourth week of annual paid 
holidays for workers, the exten- 
sion of trade union rights and 
worker participation in industry, 
improvememts in old age pen- 
sions, regional devolution, even 
the abolition of the death 
penally. In consequence, the 
opposition has had to back-pedal 
on many of its promises to root 
out socialism with aO its works. 
Jhe main exception is national- 
ization, which remains unpopu- 
lar and which fits ill with the 
^modern” decentralizing version 
of socialism now in vogue. Here 
the opposition parties are still 
committed, on paper at least, to 
undo not only what was done in 
1981 but even some of what was 
done under de Gaulle in 1945. 

The business c ommuni ty is 
split. In principle it supports the 
right and. looks forward to a 
relaxation of aU controls. Yet 
many of its members also fear 
the economic effects of what the 
left has dubbed *Te liberaHsme 
sauvage”, and above all the 
political instability to be ex- 
pected from a right wing attempt 
to impose policies which Presi- 
dent Mitterrand, still in . the 
Elysee, may consider it his duty 
to Node. 

Sleepers awake 

From MrJ. C Greig 
Sir, Professor Ian Fells (December : 
28) may have slept badly on British 
Rail’s new sleeping cars, but he is 
wrong in attributing this to the feet 
that the beds lie across the motion of 
travel. They always have. . 

. Thirty years ago I travelled 
frequently by deeping car from 
London to Glasgow and slept Eke a 
top, six months ago I travelled in 
one of the new sleeping cars to 
Inverness and slept very badly. The 
difference is the thirty years, not the 
deeping cars, 
fours faithfully, 

vy Dene, 

DverHaddon, - . . 

- Jefoyshire. ■■■_:■ 

Living dangerously 

T rom Afr John Meuiond ; 

■ir. Sir Christopher Lever. (January 
1 ) rightly draws attention to die 
. angers of introducing aSen animate 
t areas outride their natural range. . 
Than are many examples of this 
ther than that of predatory exotic 

- til - grey squirrels, coypu, B rink , 

■c, in England; rabbits in Australia; 
nits and . rats On innumerable 
lands - the list is very Ions but 
hat of that most insidious and 
istructive the human?. 

There axe many examples, world* 
idc, of the havoc winch - can .be 
naught by the' invasion - not 

necessarily warlike - of alien 
humans - iter instance, virtual 
Obliteration of the natives in all the 
countries of North and South 
America, Aborigines in Australia, 
Quibsm the Caribbean, etc; etc. 

; Should we not be at least as 
concerned- about alien . human 
ta k e o vers as we appear to be about 
those carried out by fish? 

Yours faithfully, 



1 1 The Village, , 

Industry year 

From MrAjj. W. Leaver 
Sir, In. Mr Redwood’s- article 
iX M ice n tiii g Indnstry Year (January 
8 ), he exhorts as to “beware the 
industrialist who always believes his 
plight is the product of external 
forces, and never the result of his 
own decisions”. . . 

-A rimifar - x romjrtg might with 
advantage, be given to senior 
Government ministers and their 
advisers. If wealth creation indeed 
appfies equally well to service 

industries as to the manufacturing 
sector, and if we are to be more 
biased towards baying British goods, 
we should be investing fir more to 
arrest the decEne of our boosing 
stock and other dements of -the 

Of the businessmen polled by 
UExpansion about their choice 
for prime minister after the 
expected right wing victory, 42 
per cent plumped for M Jacques 
Chaban-Delmas - veteran Gaul- 
list but a seasoned advocate of 
political . compromise and social 
reform. Only 26 per cent chose 
M Chirac, the Ganllist party 
leader. Apart from the ideologi- 
cal and temperamental differ- 
ences between the two men, the 
choice of M Chaban-Delmas 
implies willingness to leave the 
political initiative in the hands 
of the President rather than in 
those of the putatively victorious 
parliamentary parties. 

What is strange is that the 
Socialist party, although defend- 
ing its record with verve, has no 
real hope of winning, or at least 
is unable to define what “vic- 
tory” would mean. A renewed 
overall majority is certainly 
beyond its reach, especially with 
the proportional system which it 
has introduced. But a socialist- 
led coalition is hardly less 
unlikely, since the Communists 
,have become the government’s 
bitterest enemies, and there is no 
centre to speak of The only 
“victory” the socialists can hope 
for is what we would call a hung 
parliament, in which neither left 
nor right could obtain a majority 
to implement its programmes. It 
seems a sadly negative ambition. 

The UK construction industry 
surely uses predominantly home- 
produced materials and indigenous 

Yours faithfully, 


52 Pear Tree Lane, 

Maidstone, Kent. 

Mental health 

From Dr Robert!. Doig 
Sir, Judge Alistair Bell today 
(January ?) gives a lucid account of 
present practice in the use of 
assessment orders (section 2 of the 
1983. Menial Health Act). It is 
indeed too limited and we watch 
aghast as people deteriorate through 
I flflf of treatment. But the alterna- 
tive, to act earlier, is also ala rm i n g. 
Who could feel safe from doctors? 

A suggestion occurs to me: a 
person, who has- the misfortune to 
suffer recurrent bouts of schizo- 
phrenia, with disastrous lack of 
insight, might perhaps make special 

Rather like the new rules coming 
out on trusteeship he could agree on 
three people he trusted. When in, m 
circumstances laid down-in advance 
by the sufferer,. these three could 
insist on treatment. Legislation on 
■flirfi lines mig ht be of nmsiderable 

Yours faithfully, 


9 Court Lane, 

Dulwich, SE21. 

Plea for stability 
at Defence 

From Admiral qf the Fleet Sir Henry 

Sr, Another two years have passed 
and with them another Secretary of 
State, for Defence. Must we roily 
stumble on like this? 

■ In 1981, having just acquired a 
good grasp of the subject, Mr 
Francis Pym was moved on. In 
1 983. having crudely unbalanced the 
Services and wrought havoc with the 
defence budget. Sir John Non left 
for the Gty. 

Now, as we enter 1986, Mr 
Michael Heseltine, having turned 
the war-proved organisation upside 
down and for whatever specious 
reason, pokes off, too. 

Defence is synonymous with the 
security of onr great country. It is a 
complex business which deserves 
more responsible treatment than to 
be merely a political football. It is 
unreasonable to expect that any new 
: Defence Secretary will know much 
about the job; it is equally 
unreasonable that be should be 
allowed to ehangp at two-yearly 
intervals just as he has acquired 

Mr George Younger deserves our 
best wishes in the considerable task 
before him. He also deserves our 
fervent hopes that his successes (and 
sins) will be visited on himself and 
not on his successor. 

Yours faithfully, 


Wonston Lodge, 




Predicament over art and design cuts 

Dulwich, S 

January 7. 

Westland’s future 

From Mr Douglas Jay 
Sir, The French Minister of Defence 
is reported to have repeated publicly 
on January 7 threats that the 
Westland Co is likely to be excluded 
from some European collaboration 
projects if it pursues its favoured 
partnership with Sikorsky. But while 
the French Government utters these 
threats, it is simultaneously 
“considering seriously" (see 
Financial Times. December 1 6, 
1985) a partnership between the 
French aero-engine firm, Snecma, 
and General Electric, of the US in 
the development of the new French 
combat auwaft. Snecma and the US 
General Electric have indeed long 
co-operated on civil aero-engines. 

Why is partnership between 
Westland and Sikorsky so illicit and 
that between Snecma and General 
Electric perfectly reasonable? 

Yours truly, 


Causeway Cottage, 

Minster Lovell, 


January 8. 

Guns at Heathrow 

From Mr Philip Charles 

Sir, As a businessman who regularly 

travels through Heathrow airport, I 

am writing to voice my concern over 

the deployment of policemen armed 

with sub-machine guns at the airport 


I find it ironic that this infor- 
mation is carried in an edition of 
The Times (January 9) which has as 
a front-page article the news that a 
police officer is to go on trial 
charged with the manslaughter of a 
five-year-okl boy in a raid by armed 

I feel that in the past few years the 
police have continually demon- 
strated loo low a level of com- 
petence in the use of firearms is 
“five” situations for this deployment 
| to be aprodent move. 

Even ignoring the possibility of 
accidents with these weapons, in 
which no terrorists are involved, I 
fed that the KkeHhood of injury to 
passengers in the event of a terrorist 
attack would be increased by fire 
fights between terrorists and police- 
men protected by body armour 
firing sob-machine guns. 

Yours sincerely, 


49 Essfemont Avenue, 


January 9. 

From MrMartyn John 
Sir, Consider the following inci- 

1. A car driver is seriously injured 
after being repeatedly shot by armed 
police who have mistaken his 

2. A woman is accidentally shot in 
the bade during a police raid on her 

3. A young child is shot dead whilst 
hiding under his bed as the police 
search for his father. 

1 appreciate Airport Police 
Commander Patrick Carson's assur- 
ance that his submachine gun force 
will not be “spraying bullets” 
(report, January 10). However, in 
view of the above incidents I find it 
easier to agree with his further 
comments concerning the danger to 
innocent parties being caught in 
c rossfir e. 

I wonder if I should be alone in 
to confine my holidays to 
my homeland this summer? 

Yours faithfully, 


49 Westgatc Chambers, 

Commercial Street, 


January 9. 

Winged chariot 

From Mr David Mann 
Sir, The reason why the years go 
quicker (Mr Groves, January 11) is 
that each succeeding year is a 
smaller proportion of one's life to 

Yours ftiihfuUy, 



Four Acres, 



January 11. 

From Mr Christopher J. E. Ball 
Sir, In recent weeks, you have 
publish**!, a number of letters 
concerning the National Advisory 
Body’s treatment of art and design 
education. The main issues have 
been our decision to separate an 
from design in our designation of 
programme areas and the initial 
planning assumption for 1987/88 
that a 20 per cent reduction in an 
education provision will be necess- 
ary. I would be grateful if you would 
allow me to respond. 

We have to work within the 
resources provided by the Govern- 
ment and the resource outlook has 
indeed worsened since the i™ii»t 
planning assumptions were formu- 
lated. Our latest calculation is that 
in 1987/88. we win be over £40 
million, or about 5.5 per cent, short 
of the resources required for level 

Pul in very simple terms, 
expenditure per student in our 
sector of higher education has fallen 
by about a quarter over the last four 
years: and we cannot continue to 
reduce it without putting the quality 
of the colleges' work seriously in 
jeopardy. Inevitably, therefore, a 
further cut of over 5 per cent must 
have serious consequences for 
. student access: it could lead to more 
than 16,000 places being cut and 
between 600 and 900 courses in 
polytechnics and colleges having to 

The responsibility for providing 
the additional funding that will 
prevent this calamity las with the 
Government. Meanwhile, as a 
responsible planning body, we must 
make contingency arrangements to 
ensure that, if no extra funding is 
provided, the reduction in provision 
is brought about with minimum 

damag e. 

In our view it is not sensible to 
seek to spread the cuts evenly across 

Youth training 

From the Chairman of the British 
Youth Council 

Sir, Your leader (January 10) on 
youth community service was 
interesting but it railed to tackle the 
basic problems in the SDP's 
proposals on the subject 

Many young people are already, 
involved in voluntary activities in 
their communities, something which 
we would actively support. But to 
link such involvement to a scheme 
which, despite the disclaimers, 
would be seen as a substitute for real 
work won't solve problems of youth 

You refer to opinion poll results, 
which could seem to be interpreted 
as showing young people supporting 
such schemes. But young people 
have been far more vehement in 
their support for training which 
leads to real fobs. And, in the light of 
recent horrifying child-abuse cases, 
the notion that unskilled volunteers 
could substitute for professionals in 
caring for those in need is equally 

It is true young people do want to 
be involved in such care in the 
community provided they are 
enabled to become well-trained 
professionals. The lesson from 
recent cases is that better training is 
needed for such caring work, not 

But in this and other schemes you 
are right to identify an old-style 

Police and piblic 

From the Commissioner of Police of 
the Metropolis 

Sir, Mr James Rusbridger (January 
7) quotes Home Office Research 
Study na 77, of February, 1984, 
selectively, saying that “fewer than 
one in 10 members of the public, 
who feel aggrieved by some police 
action, actually bother to make a 
formal complaint”. While this is the 
drift; of the research findings, Mr 
Rusbridger foils to draw attention to 
the researchers’ caveat about the 
difficulties of defining what was an 
“official” complaint. 

The research study reports that 38 
per cent (of a sample of 455) thought 
that making an “ official complaint” 
would be of no use. Though still a 
cause for concern, it was hardly a 
majority opinion. The fieldwork for 
the study quoted was conducted in 
1981. 1 trust that the new indepen- 
dent Complaints Authority will soon 
allay many of the earlier doubts. 

While I agree that unnecessary 
delay in investigation must be 
avoided, Mr Rusbridger dearly 
shows a lack of grasp of the realities 
of our position. Other authorities arc 
involved in our investigations; 
suspects must be interviewed; 
formal statements taken from 
witnesses; and formal reports pre- 
pared. Itis not like writing a letter to 
a chain store. People have diary 
commitments and in some cases we 
face deliberate obstructiveness. 

Professor Kurti (January 7) 
should recognize that now that civil 
process is concluded in the specific 

Musical quiz 

From Mr Patrick Maddams 
Sir, I have today (report, January 7) 
read with considerable interest the 
prospectus for Andrew Lloyd Web- 
ber’s Really Useful company. 

While many people, including 
myself, enjoy his music I fear that 
the flotation of the company is a 
retrograde step since it confuses 
commerce and creativity. The 
proceeds of commerce may belong 
to investors, bat surely the proceeds 
of creativity belong to that Creator 
on which we all ultimately depend. 

Mozart and many other compos- 
ers have been wise enough to 
acknowledge the source of this 
inspiration, though I am unable to 
find any similar reference in the 
p rospectus. This i* a shame and the 
investors must now be hoping (dare 
I say, praying) that a reincarnation 
of Mozart has not taken place. One 
can imagine that Mozart Unlimited, 
backed by foe Almighty, would have s 
Clear -advantages - over- a ^limited 

all areas of work, and the Secretary 
of State for Education and Science 
has asked us in particular to sustain 
vocational provision (in his own 
words, “even in the event that this 
entails reductions elsewhere"). If 
some subject areas are protected 
from cuts, it follows that others 
must suffer a greater than average 
reduction. In our previous planning 
exercise, art and design education 
(together with a number of other 
areas) was not accorded protected 

Now, however, we are seeking to 
protect design education. This, 
together with the clear evidence that 
an education and design education 
have different resourcing needs, is 
the reason for the separation of the 
two subject areas. However, we fully 
understand tbe need for an inte- 
grated planning approach to art and 
design education. That is why we 
have a single working group, which 
will continue to study closely the 
interrelationships between the two 
subjects and to plan them together. 

I can understand the feelings of 
those who, in these difficult 
circumstances, no longer feel able to 
serve on our Art and Design Group. 
However. 1 respect and admire far 
more the courage and dedication of 
those, no less concerned about the 
future, who carry out their duty to 
their subject by staying, by continu- 
ing to put the case strongly for 
education in both art and design, 
and by seeking to ensure that the 
provision, including those cuts that 
may have to come, is planned in foe 
most effective manner. 

Yours faithfullv. 


Chairman of the Board, 

National Advisory Body for Public 
Sector Higher Education, 

Metropolis House, 

22 Percy Street, Wl. 

January 8. 

paternalism. It is an attitude which 
produces schemes without consul- 
tation with young people and their 
represen ta lives first. Such schemes 
are unlikely to offer any hope to 
Britain's 1.4 million young people 
out of work. 

Yours sincerely. 

MALCOLM RYAN, C hairman, 
British Youth Council, 

57 Chalton Street, NW 1 . 

January 10. 

Risks of bottle banks 

From the Director of the Glass 
Manufacturers Federation 
Sir, The Glass Manufacturers 
Federation, which initiated bottle 
banks for glass recycling, shares Mrs 
Wyatt’s concern (January 7) when 
some bottle bank sites become 
unsightly due to litter. We would 
say, however, that the majority of 
bottle banks in the country are well 
looked after, and to this end we put 
notices on them reminding users to 
take home empty boxes. 

Inevitably when council and 
industry staff are on holiday some 
bottle banks overflow. If a problem 
does arise, a telephone call to tbe 
local council offices is usually the 
best way to ensure It is cleared up. 
Yours foithfiilly, 



Glass Manufacturers Federation, 

19 Portland Place, Wl. 

January 8. 

case mentioned, consideration must 
be given to disciplinary proceedings 
against the officers. For me, as 
appellate authority in discipline 
matters for the force, to have made 
any comment while disciplinary 
considerations were still active 
would have been quite improper. 
Yours foithfiilly, 


New Scotland Yard, 

Broadway, SWl. 

January 9. 

Born to blush unseen 

From the Reverend W. A. Canham 
Sir, Whilst I cannot claim to be 
acquainted with a Kerenhappuch or 
indeed any of the names on his 
selected lists, please assure my 
colleague John Ticehurst (January 3) 
that all w not entirely lost. 

Three years ago my wife was 
teaching a GoHath among a class of 
eight-year-olds in Basingstoke, 
whilst as rector of a neighbouring 
willage I had among my charge a 
Vashti and a Hephzibah, a Noah 
and a brace of Reubens. Even here 
in Bournemouth I have baptised a 
Kimberley and an Aaron within the 
last two years. So maybe we will 
witness a revival of those whose 
passing your correspondent mourns. 
Yours faithfully, 


St Luke's Vicarage, 

31 Lonsdale Road, 



January 3. 

company whose assets are in feline 

Can Mr Webber’s company take 
out insurance to cover such an 

Yours sincerely, 

Director. The Amadeus Choir), 

49 Main Street, 


West Yorkshire. 

January 7. 

The schools dispute 

From Mr J. G. Field 
Sir, Mr Cannon (January 8) tells you 
that he dreams of anting £10,000 
by the time he is 40. Arithmetic tells 
us that if the teachers had taken the 
increase offered to them last year, 
Mr Cannon would already begetting 
wen over £10,000 pa. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Unland RoatL ftii n ting l iam. 

. January 9. 


i JANUARY 15 1906 

^ The Prince and Princess of Wales, 
later George V (1865-1936) and queen 
Mary (1867-1953) landed in Bombay in 
November, 1905. In. the count of the 
following 18 weeks they travelled 
nearly 10,000 miles throughout India 
and Burma. Our Special \ 

Correspondent was Valentine Chiral j 



(from our sfeclu, correspondent.) 

RANGOON. Jan. 14. 

In this modem city where Europeans 
and Burmese, Hindus and Chinese 
jostle one another in a kaleidoscopic 
confusion of types and races, where the 
Burmese population has in fact been 
completely outnumbered by immi- 
grants from Southern In ^ig qpd 
Bengal, where the ubiquitous China- 
man asserts his superiority as a trader 
scarcely less irresistibly than the 
European his superiority as a ruler of 
men, where each nationality has 
imported its own pursuits, its own 
amusements, and even its own style of 
architecture, where tbe crowded street- 
cars are already in process of 
electrification, and where Western 
civilization seems to constitute the 
only common denominator of all these 
incongruous fractions of mankind, as 
distinct in feature and colour and 
costume as in habits and traditions and 
ideals, it is difficult at first sight to tell 
which is the really preponderating 
element. But there is one monument 
essentially Burmese that stQl domi- 
nates Rangoon, that still embodies the 
soul of a nation. Raised on a solitary 
mound, partly natural and partly 
artificial, which has been shaped into 
two rectangular terraces rising dean- 
cut one above the other, the Shwe 
Dagon pagoda, like a huge golden bell 
tapering away into a shaft of gold, soars 
up into the blue sky to a height of some 
370ft, or nearly as high as St Paul's - 
the holiest and noblest shrine of a creed 
which still commands tbe allegiance of 
a larger proportion of the human race 
than any other, and, according^ to 
Buddhist traditions, the most ancient 
of all its shrines. For its foundations 
were laid, they assert, even before 
Gautama was bom, on a site sacred 
throughout tbe ages, to receive the 
relics of the three Buddhas who 
preceded his manifestation. In its 
present shape it is known to have 
existed for the last three and a half 
centuries, and not only from all parts of 
Burma, but from China and Japan as 
well as from Siam and Ceylon, it is the 
goal of countless pilgrims who come to 
fey their offerings at the threshold of 
its holy of holies. .Come whatever 
changes may, the Shwe Dagon will stfil 
for centuries be the one great landmark 
of the Burmese delta, the one supreme 
expression of the genius of the Burmese 

We at borne are so accustomed to the 
all-pervading influence of the ewig 
weibliche in our midst that we hardly 
realize its gracious significance until we 
come to an Eastern country where it 
has been banished from the open; and 
even in an Eastern country there are so 
many- other things almost equally 
strange to us that we are apt to "li” the 
full import of this particular phenom- 
enon until we pass into another 
Eastern country, equally fuD of 
unwonted sights and wonders, but 
where we find ourselves once more 
restored to the benign presence of the 
“eternal feminine." And for feminine 
grace and charm, alertness of mind and 
sweetness of temper, the Burmese 
woman holds a remarkably high place. 
11181 she is an essentially womanly 
woman can be gathered at once from 
her dainty gait, her ready tongue, her 
rippling la u gh, jmrl the exquisite sense 
of colour and finished neatness shown 
in every detail of her dress. But she is 
much more than a mere butterfly to 
gladden the eye. She is not only a wise 
and thrifty housewife, but she often 
develops singular aptitude for business. 
Nowhere in India, except amongst tbe 
Parseea and the Christian communities 
of Cochin in Southern India, is the 
standard of female literacy so high as in 
Burma, and this is doubtless entirely 
due to tbe absence of aO prejudices in 
favour of the seclusion of women. The 
Burmese woman is, in fact, everywhere 
en evidence ; in the market place, in 
shops and ooun ting-houses, in the 
Buddhist temple and in her own home, 
in every social mid religious function of 
Burmese Hie, modest and self-pos- 
sessed. mindful alike of the privileges 
and of the responsibilities of her sex. 

So startling is the contrast in this 
respect with India that tbe Burmese 
woman is apt to make one overlook the 
Burmese man. Yet the absence in 
Burma of that rigid system of caste 
which exercises a benumbing an 
influence upon Indian society is almost 
as noteworthy as the absence of tbe 
restrictions which have cramped the 
activities of the women of India. Merry 
and easygoing, the Burmese man is 
perhaps, if anything, a spoilt child of 
nature, whch has lavished ita fruits 
upon him in return for a minimum of 
toiL As a handicraftsman he exhibits 
both imagination and execution, 
whether in the carving of wood and of 
ivory, or in the working of gold and 
silver, or in the weaving of deHcate silk 
twniwL As a husbandman he is not 
unskilful, though very conservative in 
his ways, and content for the most part 
to rely on the unaided munificence of 
his favoured soft. But he possesses 
□either tbe methodical intelligence of 
the European, nor the muscular 
endurance of the Tamil, nor the 
plodding tenacity of tbe HhinaTnaw. He 
revels in bright clothes and long-drawn 
holidays. ... 

Cold comfort 

From Mr A. G. French 
Sir, Acting on advice gleaned from 
your correspondence columns, I 
borrowed my wife’s banker’s card to 
remove ice from foe windscreen of 
our car. 

A day or two later she wrote a 
cheque in a London store, and 
produced her card as proof of 
identity, only to find that frost had 
also efficiently removed her signa- 
ture, and left in its place repetition 
of the word “void”. 

A veritable case of caveat emptor. 
Yours foithfiilly, 


Mill Mead, 

AJdrinjgham, - 
Nr Lemon, 

January 12. 










Princess Michael of Kent celebrates 
her birthday today. 

The Princess' of Wales will visit the 
Hospice of Our Lady aod St John. 

the Priory, Wilfen, Milton Keynes, 

January 14: The Right Hon Michael on January 23, and later will attend 
Hesdtine, MP had an audience of a luncheon at Stopsley Sports 
The Queen this afternoon, delivered Centre. Sr Thomas's Road, Stopsley. 
up his Seals of Office, and took to meet people connected with the 
leave upon relinquishing his work of Luton Women's Aid. 
appointment as Secretary of State The Princess of Wales will visit the 
for Defence. John Raddifie Hospital, Heading 

The Queen held a Council at 2.15 um Had, Oxford, on January 27. 
pm. The Prince of Wales will attend a 

There were present: the Viscount reception given by the Department 
Wintelaw (Lord President), the of Trade and Industry after the 
Right Hon John Bitten, MP (Lord design conference at Lancaster 
Privy Seal), the Right Hop George House on January 2S. 

J oupgcr, MP and the Right Hon The Prince of Wales, accompanied 

by the Princess of Wales, win 
receive the freedom of Carlisle on 
January 29. 

The Princess of Wales will visit 
Ridgway House Elderly Persons 
Home, Towccster. Northampton- 
shire, on January 30, and later will 
visit the Northamptonshire Centre 
for the Deaf Green Sheet. 

The Queen will visit RAF Marham 
on February 3. 

The Prince and Princess of Wales 
will attend evensong in Westminster 
Abbey on February 3 and a 
reception afterwards in the Banquet- 
ing House. Whitehall, to mark the 
anniversary of one hundred years of 
lay participation in the central 
councils of the Church of England. 
The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will visit HMS Brazen in 
the Port of London on February 4. 
The Prince of Wales will open the 
TEDCo Business Enterprise Centre, 
Eldon Street, South Shields, Tyne 
and Wear, on February 5. 

The Prince and Princess of Wales 
will visit Vienna from April 14 

John Wakrham. MP (Parliamentary 
Secretary, Treasury). 

Mr Richard Luce, MP (Minister 
of State, Privy Council Office). Mr 
John Moore, MP (Financial Sec- 
retary, Treasury) and Mr Malcolm 
Rifldnd, MP were swum in as 
Members of Her Majesty’s Most 
Honourable Privy Council. 

At the Council, Mr Malcolm 
Rifkind took the Oath of Office as 
Secretary of State for Scotland, 
kissed hands upon appointment and 
received the Seals of Office. 

The Right Hon George Younger, 
MP took the Oath of Office as 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
kissed hands upon appointment and 
received the Seals of Office. 

Mr Geoffrey de Deney was in 
attendance as Clerk of the Council. 

The Viscount Whiielaw had an 
audience of The Queen before the 

The Hon Maty Morrison has 
succeeded Lady Susan Hussey as 
Lady in Waiting to her Majesty. 

January 14: Princess Alexandra, " 

Vice-President of the British Red Rirniflfi'VS tflflftV 
Cross Society, this morning at---- " " 

tended the Meeting of the Council at 
9, Grosvenor Crescent, SWI. 

Miss Mona Mitchell was in 

In the evening Her Royal 
Highness was present at a perform- 
ance by the Monteverdi Choir and 
Orchestra of Beethoven's Missa 
Solemnis at Queen El izab eth HalL 

Lady Angela Whitely was in 

( Bough. 

Braith waite. 86; Dr Neil Cossons, 
74; Laid Dacre of Glanton. 72; 
Baroness Elliot of Harwood, 83; 
Professor C Foonston. 79; Professor 
P C C Gam ham. 85; Sir Peter 
Gamut, 76; Sir Percival Griffiths, 
87; Lord Hill of Luton, 82; Sir John 
Junor, 67; Sir Spencer Le Marc ham, 
55; Lord Lever of Manchester, 72; 
Lord Simon of Gtaisdale, 75; Mr T 
C Skeffington-Lodge, 81; Mr John 
Terraine, 65; Sir John Wordie, 62. 

Provincial sale spotlight 

Victorian bargains for ‘ordinary’ buyers 

Among the teapots to be sold by Henry Spencer & Sons of Retford on Friday are: front left, salt-glaze, probably 
provincial, of 1800; centre, hand-painted Newball porcelain; front right, Wedgwood black basalt, of 1800; back right, 

Mexborongh whiteware. 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 
The auction this Friday by 
Henry Spencer & Sons of 
Retford, Nottinghamshire, is 
classed as an “ordinary” sale of 
ceramics and glass bnt it is 
packed with interest for die 
“ordinary” buyer. Decorative 
antiques for the mantelpiece or 
dresser are mixed with very 
practical “second-hand” china 
and glass, which cost a fraction 
of what one would pay in a shop 
for new. and are often prettier. 

On the decorative side, the 
best buys are from 1800 to 
1860. Fashion has dictated that 
it is clever to boy the recently 
rediscovered wares of the ait 
nouveau and deco periods; as a 
result, most wares character- 
istic of the 1880-1940 period 
are pricey; most sought after 
are English majolica and 
Donlton character jogs, accord- 
ing to Spencer's. 

The delicate neo-classicism 
of 1800 or so seems ridicu- 
lously cheap by comparison. 

although eighteenth-century 
wares are rare and costly. Two 
little teapots of about 1800 are 
lotted together and estimated at 
between £30 and £50. One is of 
black basalt, the stone-like 
ceramic body invented by . 
Josiah Wedgwood in the late 
eighteenth century as particu- 
larly suited to evoking the 
artistic motifs of Greece and 

The teapot dates roughly 
from that period and is 
delicately moulded with a 
pattern of classical urns and 
foliage. The lid has been 
broken across and roughly 
glued back together, which 
detracts enormously from the 
value of the piece bnt very little 
from its aesthetic appeal. 

Mr Simon Feck the director 
in charge of Spencer’s fine art 
sales comments that collectors 
do not like that type of pottery 
because of its depressing black 

The second teapot in the hX 
is a char mer in perfect 

condition. A melon-shaped 
salt-glaze pot, attractively 
Anted and squat, it would 
contain enough tea for one and 
is quite robust enough for use. 
It is probably of provincial 
manufacture and dates from the 
early nineteenth - century, ac- 
cording to Mr Feck. 

There are' other attractive 
early nineteenth century tea- 
pots; a Mexborongh whiteware 
teapot is also moulded with 
rfaoairai motifs (estimate £50 
to £60); a Newhall procelain 
teapot of an attractive lozenge- 
shape _ is hand-painted with 
bright' floral sprigs. 

In the glass section, a set of 
six wine glasses and four 
matching champagne glasses 
are delicately engraved with 

animals and birds 

The commemorative mugs 
provide a useful reminder of 
what a farce modem limited- 
edition comment ora tives have 
become. A rare printed under- 
glaze blue mug, commemorat- 
ing “The Prince and Princess 

oT Wales, married 10th March 
1863” is valued at £30 to -£50 
while three mugs commemorat- 
ing George Vs coronation are 
. thrown in together at £30 to 
£40. Many of the present 
Prince and Princess of Wales’s 
commemora tires cost % more 
than that when brand new. 

Henry Spencer & Sons of 
Retford hold three furniture 
sates a month, one of paintings, 
one of silver and jewellery, and 
one of ceramics and glass. With 
turnover of about £3 mflUon, 
they are one of the hugest 
provincial salerooms in the 
country. The fine art depart- 
ment of the firm, whose main 
activity is property, has branch 
offices in St Anne's, Bradford; 
Sheffield, and Stamford. . 

Henry Spencer & Sons. 2d The 
Square, Retford, Nottingham! 
(0777-708633). Sale o f ceramics 
and glass, Friday, January 17, at 10 
am. Viewing, t omor row 10 am to 3 
pm. Resalts of the sale will be 
reported in The Tima -w 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr T. R. S. P. Stuart - Smi th 
and Miss S. J. Evans 
The engagement is announced 
between Tom, youngest son of Mr 
Justice and Lady Smart-Smith, and 
Sue, daughter of the late Mr Bryan 
Evans and of Mrs Evans. 

Mr T.J. Goddard 
and Miss V. S. A eland 
The engagement is announced 
between Thomas, youngest son of 
Major and Mrs David Goddard, of 
The Mill. Lympstone, Devon, and 
Victoria, daughter of Major-General 
Sir John and Lady Acland, of 
Feniton Court, Hooiton, Devon. 

Captain M.J. A brines 
and Dr J. M. Western 
The engagement is announced 
between Malcolm, son of Mr and 
Mrs J. Abrincs, of Chesterton, 
Oxfordshire, and Jane, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs E. R. Western, of Little 
Common, East Sussex. 

Mr G. W. Ashby 
and Miss A. L. Cotton 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs J. L. Ashby, of Armston. 
Peterborough, and Anne, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs W. S. Cotton, of 
Thurning, Peterborough. 

Mr G. M. Ba ocher 
and Miss H. A. Robertson 
The engagement is announced 
between Gerald Marsh, son of Mr 
and Mrs William Roy Baucher. of 
Blundellsands, Crosby, Merseyside, 
and Heather Anne, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Keith Robertson, of 
Frcshfield, Merseyside. 

Mr G-J. Beckett 
awl Miss R. J. Holland 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham John, son of Mr 
and Mrs R. E. H. Beckett, of 
So nning Common, and Rebecca 
Jane, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
P. B. Holland, of Reading. 

Mr H.H. Black 
and Miss N. Tang 

The engagement is announced 
between Harvey, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs James Black, of Eynsford, 
Kent, and Nancy, younger daughter 
of Mrs Pauline Tang, of Hong Kong. 

MR G. S. Cbweidan 
and Miss S. J. Donald 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs C. D. Chweidan, of 
Hampstead Garden Suburb, Lon- 
don. and Stephanie, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs M. D. Donald, of Brigg, 

Mr M. S. Fleming 
and Miss L. F. RefBn 
The engagement is announced 
between Malcolm, son of Mrs M. 
Fleming and the late Mr T. Fleming, 
of Ross-on-Wye. and Louise, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs G. T. 

Reffin, ofCatworth, Huntingdon. 

Mr D. C. Guest 
and Miss H. M. Coode- Adams 
The engagement is announced 
between David, youngest son of Mr 
and Mrs Patrick Guest, of Lower 
Betlws Farm. Whitney-on- Wye, 
Herefordshire, and Henrietta, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Giles 
Good e-Adams, of Fecringbury 
Manor, Feering, Essex. 

Mr M.Gratte 
and Miss A. L. Waterhouse 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Roger Gratte, of Wembley, 
and Anna-Louise, only daughter of- 
Mr and Mrs Thomas S. Water- 
house, of Guiseley, Yorkshire. 

Mr T.P. Haynes 
and Miss A J. Freuds 
The engagement is announced 
between Thomas, son of Mr and 
Mrs J. H. Haynes, of Gibraltar, and 
Alexandra, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G. C Frauds, of Chepstow. 

Dr S. A. Haythorn 
and Miss S. J. Gough 
The engagement is announced 
between Stuart, son of Mr A. H. 
Haythorn, of Mar-pie. Cheshire, and 
the late Mrs M. E. Haythorn, and 
Susan Jane, daughter of the late Mr 
G. E. Gough and Mrs D. T. Grace, 
of Llanamxon-yn-laL Clwyd. 

Mr R_ dated 
and Mbs J. M- Hextall 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr Alan 
Isted and the late Mrs May Istcd, of 
Lymington. Hampshire, and Julia, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Hextall, of Buckler’s Hard, Hamp- 

Mr J. J. Oates 
and Miss L Chapman-Jury 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, eldest sou of 
Canon and Mrs John Oates, of St 
Bride's, Fleet Street, and Laura, 
only daughter of Mrs Robert 
Edward Jury, of Wotplesdon. 
Surrey, and the late Mr Ellis Ernest 

Mr G. Overton 
and Miss G. M. Pearse 
The engagement is announced 
between Gary, only son of Mr and 
Mrs J. Robert Overton, of 
Wingham, Kent, and Gillian, eider 
daughter of Mr and Mix Brian G. 
Pearse, of Greenwich, Connecticut 

Mr S. P. Patience 
and Miss E.M. A. Coles 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, eider son of Mrs 
V. T. Patience, of Bournemouth, 
and the late Mr P. C. Patience, and 
Elizabeth, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Robert Coles, of Caver sham , 

Mr M. E. Shiriey-Beavan 
and Miss F. G. Dennis 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Edward, second son 
of Mr Michael Shiriey-Beavan. of 
Crock House. ShaJ bourne. Wilt- 
shire, and Mrs Mary Shiriey-Bea- 
van. of Down Haft. Brent Pelham, 
Hertfordshire, and Fiona Gabrietle, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mix Piers 
Dennis, of Fortgranite, Baltinglass, 
Co Wicklow. 

Mr P. H. Stafford 
and Miss F.H. Gibbs 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs H. R. Stafford, of 
Cheltenham, and Fanny, younger 
daughter of Mr David Gibbs, of 
New York, and Mrs Gordon Perry, 
of The Grange, Kemble, Gloucester- 

Mr J. Stanley 
and Miss J. Gibbs 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, son of Mr and Mrs 
Oliver Stanley, of 5 The Park, 
London, NW11, and Julian, 
youngest daughter of Major and 
Mrs Martin Gibbs, of Sheldon 
Manor, Chippenham, Wiltshire. 

Mr M. S. Wendt 
and Miss C. A Birch 
The engagement is announced- 
between Mark, son of Mr and Mrs J. 
Sadovy, of Kingston, Surrey, and 
Claire, daughter of Mr and Mrs J. H. 
Birch, of Hampton HilL Middlesex. 

Mr M.T. WUson 
and Miss CReW 

The engagement is announced 
between Michael, sou of Mr and 
Mrs George Wilson, of Nairobi, 
Kenya, and Carolyn, daughter of 
Mrs Jill Reid aod the late Mr David 
Reid, of Hartley Winlney. Hamp- 

Mr A J. Woodward 
and Miss J. E. Craig 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, rider son of Mr 
and Mrs E Woodward, of Salford, 
Lancashire, and Janet, elder daugh- 
ter oF Mr and Mrs J. Craig, of 
Bathgate, Scotland. 

Mr R. von Brunner 
and Miss A J. Lloyd 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Dr 
Welhelm Rudolf and Mrs Maria 
Raquel von Brunner, of Oporto, 
Portugal, and Amanda Jane, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Lloyd, of Purleigh, Essex. 

Mr P.T. Yates 
and Miss M. J. E. Hadden 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, son of Mr and Mrs 
v. p. Yates, of Melton Mowbray. 
Leicestershire, and , Madeleine, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A J. C 
Haddon, of Woldingham, Surrey, 
and Hong Kong. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

Sir John Wood, aged 57, professor 
of law at Sheffield University, to be 
chairman of the Police Arbitration 
Tribunal in succession to Professor 
John F. Wilson. 

Professor Alan Mercer, aged 54. 
professor of operational research in 
the school of management and 
organization. Lancaster University, 
to be chairman of Warrington and 
Runcorn New Town Development 
Corporation in succession to Mr 
Donald Forster. 

Lord Crowther-Hunttobe chairman 
of the BBCs General Advisory 
Council, in succession to Lord 
Cal deco te. 

Mr Gordon South, Headmaster of 
Belmont School London, to be 
Chairman of the Incorporated 
Association or Preparatory Schools 
(TAPS). He succeeds Mr Robin 

Miss Jill PftkeathJey to be 
Director of the National Council far 
Caros and their Elderly 

Memorial service 

Mr N. H. MacMicbael 
A service of thanksgiving for the life 
and work of Mr Nicholas Hugh 
MacMichael was held in West 
minster Abbey yesterday. The Sub- 
Dean of Westminster, the Right Rev 
Edward Knapp- Fisher, officiate d , 
assisted by the precentor and sacrist, 
the Rev Alain Luff The Rev 
Michael Thompson and Canon 
Trevor Beeson read the lessons. 
Canon Dr Anthony Harvey read 
from Pilgrim’s Progress. Among 
those present were: 

Mr and Mr* R Man ttrothn^toHaw and 

tristerX. Mr and Mr* M ThenuMon. Mrand 

Mr* J Newborn. Mr Newborn. Mr* E 
Denham. Mr A PafkwiJaM. _ Lady 
Aidmvten. tzw Hon Oviflei Low. Mr M 
Cover. MrTGmv. MrJCow. 

Tho Hon MM Rock. Lady Wadowood: tte 
Receiver Omni of WeMmlnrfer AMMy 
and Mrs Pullen, the Surveyor of 11* Fobrlc 
and Mr* Foster. Die RetfUTjr. tha Omanttt 

of me Chanson, me 

Headmaster Of the Choir School: Mr W 
Mmd as so n (Monumental Di ass Society). 
Mrs V Allison. Miss Bertha Bamadtnon. 
Mrs T R Beeson. Mr E onatman. Mr and 
Wrs A C Chadwick. Mr J-Coatas. Mm EM 
Church. mr k a t navay. mm r c K 
Cngm MrOCD Hannav. MnBHjmy. 
Mrs Hesarty. Mr P HM M. m a.Hay_p 
Johnson. Mr* E C Kn w - r hhar, Mr C S 
Knumton. Mn J W B Linen. Mr P J Lloyd. 
Mn A H F Lan. MTS £ Ntxpo. Mr* E 
Ptadnat. Mr P M Md. MrF G Reynolds. 
Mbw Chrtstme Reynolds. Mr* E FUoo*a_ Mr 
M I Ross. Mr end Mrs Xflgnatea. Mr J H 
Stafford- Moule. Mr T J T h o m pso n , and 
Mtss Pamela Wood. 


Dr H- SixsmiUi 
and Mrs W. Bnm 
The marriage took, place on 
December 31. 1985. in Norwich, 
Vermont, United States, between 
Dr Herbert Sixsmith, of Oxford and 
Mrs Winifred Braun, of Sonning- 


Company of Master Mariners 
Captain C. F. Vine, Master, 
presided at a luncheon given 
yesterday by the Company or 
Master Mariners on board HQS 
Wellington. Victoria Embankment 
Rear-Admiral R. O. Morris, Hy- 
drographer of the Navy, also spoke. 

Science report 

Sharp decline of Somerset Level otters 

By Hugh Clayton, Environmental Correspondent 

Only 12 wild otters are left in 
the Somerset wetlands, one of 
the animal's most important 
surviving English habitats, the 
Vincent Wildlife Trust be- 
lieves. A survey by Miss 
Hilary Scott for the trust 
covered more than half a 
million acres of Somerset. 

She included the Somerset 
Levels, regarded by naturalists 
S3 one of the most important 
large lowland wildlife havens 
left in England. The area was 
identified in the last national 
otter survey five years ago as 
one of five main stretches of 
southern England where wild 
otters had survived. 

They were found to be least 
rare in places such as Corn 
wall and the west .coast ‘of 

Scotland, remote from large 
cities. The animal was found to- 
be extinct on many Engish 
rivers, including the Thames 
and its tributaries. 

A new national survey is 
being prepared by the Nature 
Conservancy Council, and 
Miss Scott's report was one of 
the first published detailed 
surveys of the animal for some 
years, the trust which pub- 
lished ft organizes the otter 
haven project, which, includes 
making sections of riverbank 
suitable for otter lairs, known 
as holts. 

“The causes of the decline 
in otter numbers on the 
Somerset Levels and Moors 
are not clear”, . Miss Scott 
wrote. Bans on some- pest 

poisons and on traditional 
otter hunts, combined with full 
legal protection, do not seem to 
have been enough to stop the 
decline of the otter. 

The animals are hard to 
count because they avoid ' 
human contact and can move 
fast on land and under water. 
Investigators have to rely 
partly on paw prints and 
droppings to estimate popu- 
lation size. 

Miss Scott spent months 
looking for the animate across 
much of Somerset and estab- 
lished that there were for - 
fewer in the survey area than 
there had been 20 years 

She advocated careful con- 
servation of the best - otter 

sites, expedally the few where, 
holts had been found. Analysis 
of droppings showed that the 
favourite food of the Somerset 
otters was eels, and that the 
animate could find eUjOUgfa 

The main threaC she felt, 
was clearance of the dense 
vegetation in which they like 
to five. 

She called for- analysis of 
eels to see if they contained 
residues of form pesticides 
that could harm the otters. 
“Such monitoring is also 
necessary because there is 
some human consumption of 
eels from the area”, she wrote. 
Source: Otters on the Somerset 
Lads, Vincent Wfldltfr Trust 

(Baltic Exchange BsOtin 21 
Bury Street. London EC3A SAU). 

MP seeks revival 
of British kipper 

By Robin Young 

The British kipper is. disap- 
pearing, according to Mr An- 
drew Pearce, Conservative 
MEP for Cheshire WesL For 
lack of smoking plants, good 
British herrings are being 
turned into fishmeal instead^he 
says. Mr Pearce, a confirmed 
kipper-fancier, says: “I cannot 
understand why the food 
industry does, .not grasp the 
opportunity, now that herring 
are plentiful, to reopen the 
kipper plants dosed when 
Common Market controls were 
introduced to .preserve herring 

Industry spokesmen consider 
Mr Pearce’s claim a red herring, 
unfortunately. It is true the 
home processing industry has 
contracted, they say, but there 
are still kippers for all, arid the 
home market makes scant 
contribution to eating the 
107,000 tonnes or so of herrings 
that British fishermen are now 
allowed to catch. 

“What Mr Pearce should be 
after is a lower European 
minimum price for herring”, 
Mr Edward Leedham of the 
Herring Buyers’ Federation 
said. “At present the East 
European ‘KJondikers\ Rus- 
sian, East German an d Bulga- 
rian factory ships off the east 
coast, on whom we rely to take 
much of the catch, can get 
herring much more cheaply 
from non-EEC countries such as 
Norway and Canada.” 

Estimated herring returns, 1985, 
tonnes ' 

Wnt North 

Allowable landngs 
Actual landings 
-Home Market 
Direct landings - . . 

- Freezer trawlers 
Overland expons 
Fishmeal and ol 

30,000 77,000 

2B.000 68,500 

24,500 32£0O 

553 9,ooqB 

- ... ’.3,000 
2J500. 12JJ00 

Source: Burara'FKtaraSon.EiSMxirgh; 

- The herring industry would 
also like Mr Pearpe to press for 
minimum prices to take 
account of transport costs. The 
present system, they say, has 
enabled Denmark to take 
traditional British herring ex- 
port markets in Germany. 

“Comparatively little British 
herring goes for fishmeal”, Mr 
Leedham said. -'“Those that do 
are mostly west coast fish too 
small for home processing or 
kippering, or catches with which 
we have had storage or market- 
ing problems.” 

Mr Pearce, who mRintam* 
that kippers are a for healthier 
breakfast than bacon and egg, 
said: “Too often our negotiators 
do allow- agreements which 
favour other member states 
against British interests, but I 
still think more could be done 
to market kippers. It might even 
be possible to get grants to help 
the revival of the industry.” 


Kimbolton School 

Spring Term begins today. The 
school concert is on March 15. 
Confirmation will be taken by the 
Bishop of Ely on Sunday. February 
16. Entrance exams wiQ be held on 
March 1. Applications for exams, 
scholarships and bursaries should 
be made to the headmaster by the 
end of January. 

Qneenswood School, Hatfield 
Spring term begins today and ends 
on Tuesday. March. 25. Half term 
will be from Friday, February 14 
until Wednesday, February 19. Next 
term the Old Oueenswoodian 
annual meeting win be held on 
Saturday. May 31, and we hope that, 
in particular. OQs from the period 
1940-50 will attend. 

Royal Rnssell School, Croydon 
Easter Term begins today and ends 
on March 26. Sheheryar Pestooji 
and Rachel Jones remain as head 
prefec t s. A Midsummer Night’s 
Dream will be produced in the. 
Great Hall on March 13, 14 and 15. 

St Felix School, Soathwold 
The Spring Term brains today, with 
Lucy Prescott as head of school and 
Harriet Rooke as second bead. Tbe 
confirmation service will take place 
in the school chapel on March 7. the ' 
music festival is on March 19, and 
term ends on March 26. 

Church news 


TIM- Rev K'E Jfcrfcson. Vicar. KaNraugh 
won south Himh, wni AMnaun and 
duiMMUw. atae n of Emm. to ha 
mdenOary Print -tifcharse. LustMgb. 

The Rev T F Kenny. Rector. El Gem. 
ABMy Hay- Obm* or Manctmcr. te W 
viu^srnwniL atoaaon Heath, diocese 

T 1 »R*r»V EPtrrcr. N3M. atrist CMirch. 
' mm. -iiottam or CMehamr. ocean* 
. _M, St John the EvancaHst. -HoUMKn. 
same floc eB t.inPeccn i bcr. 

The Rev I j Lovett, curate. Emmanuel. St 

of Exeter, to be VI _ 

In lb* North Sutton Team Ministry. 

The Rev 4B T Maddox, Vfqu> St Mary wife 
AU Sami and a MtcnaeL Bhnwmasr. and 

[Rural Oma of atmn Veiua . Bomh 

UctrOeM. to b* ajeo Prebend ary of 1 

Ui lhe. Cathedral OiurCfa of ERMBB 

caaou hr Marlow. Vicar, rnc AModauon. 

>. discern « BtmlnDham h o eam o a 

" ou h i* redmaant from tm 

.. . ' Dtcenan Mhtkror. 

- or LKMMd. to oa alto Prebendary 
la the Cathedral aiunfa et 

Latest wills 

Miss Doris Mabel H a r d man , of 
Bolton, left estate valued at 
£1.239,998 net After personal 
bequests totalling £1,500 and five- 
sevenths of the residue, die left one- 
fourteenth of the residue each to St 
Ann’s Hospice, Manchester, 
National Children’s Home. Dr 
Barnardo’s, and tbe Royal National 
Institute for the BEnd. ■ ' 

Commander Gordon Vincent 
Khighf (RN 'retV of ’Winchester," a 
member of the 1919 British 
tionaiy Force to Archangel, 
£42,991 net. 

Elma Gascoigne Trimmer, of 
Beckenham, Kent,. left £692,146 net. 
After various bequests she left the 
residue equally between St Chris- 
topher’s Hospice, Lewisham, Lon- 
don, and South Bromley Hospis- 
care, of Orpington Hospital. 

Other estates include (net before tax 

Askew, Mrs Rooa -Margaret Lan- 
ds! e, of Duns, Berwickshire, estate 
in the United Kingdom £498,710 

Entries down for 
bridge congress 

The Swiss Teams Congress, orga- 
nized by the English Bodge Union 
m the Queen's Hotel, Leeds,- at the 
weekend, had 154 competing 
compared with 167 last year. 
Results were: 

MBS? dP* J 


S Omar. I 

2. M A UdkM. Mi M A 
- 3, Mr and Mn r M Waaoo. 

£lm Crown order, 
for ent glass • • 

„ TI “ Aversion company at 
lumma Crystal has won a contract 
worth mare than £1 miliian to 
supply cut-glass crystal to the Crown 

It wig include a new; range of 
band-made, hand-cut glass devel- 
oped [especially for British embras- 
!«- Sfess will also go to the 
Royal household, the Houses 'of 
raniamentandoiherpublic bodies. 



Renowned authority on windmills 

Mr Rest Waite, OBE, who 
died on January 7 at foe age of 
84 , was foe most disti ng n ra uea 
man oftris tune in the study 
windmills and waxerriulls, both 
nationally aod. internationally. 

, Bora m 1901 ,. he' was cdur. 
-cated at Oundle and served an 
emuneeriOR apprenticcshii> wrtn 

R^bSTonScoln before join- 
ing the- family engineering firm 
of George Wanes &Co in 1924 

I ■' He was one of that tare breed 

of engineers who take an intense 
interest in the history of their 
profession, and 'he found a very 
con grriial intellectual home 
amongst feflow-memhers of the 
Newcomen. Society for the 
History of Engineering. *nd 
Technology, which hejoined in 
1925. He served oh foe council 
of the spdety for many years, 
becoming president in 1953-55, 
and delivering a long series of 
over two dozen authoritative 

pap ers on ro filing -• 

He also joined the Society for 
the Protection of - Ancient 
Buildings in 1929', and took a 
teadfng part in the development 

of its wind" and watermill 
section. In 1965., he represented 
Britain at the first International 
Symposium - of Molinology in 
PortugaL His best-known book; 
The English Windmill, was first . 
published in 1954. 

Towards the, end -of kj* 
career, when be was ho longer 
practising as a mechanic^ 
engineer. Re* Waites was 
employed _by the Ministry of 
-Works as it then was, as a 
consultant on industrial archae- 
ology when this subject bad just 
begun to attract national atten- 
tion in the facto 1950s and early 
1960s. . . 

From . 1 963 to ,'.1971 he 
performed, this' role as the 
officer to foe newly established 
Industrial Monuments Survey 
administered ®y foe Council for 
British Archaeology, -fulfilling a 
remarkable programme of pion- 
eering activities. 

He travelled over much of 
the country identifying indus- 
trial monuments requiring pro- 
tection, laying foe basis for foe 
recording of such monuments, 
and undertaking countless kt> 
tures as arcsufi. of which many 
local societies and conservation 
trusts were fonned,. inspired by 
his crusading / ^ spirit National 
bodies tike the Royal Com- 
mission on. Historical Buildings 
in England and fo e National 
Trust also- have cause to be 
grateful to him for his advice. 

He was made fob OBE in 
1971- in recognition. ' of these 


Lucia C h ase, one c £ the 
founders, of' American - Ballet 
Theatre and for more than four 
decades its .-guiding spirit, died 
inNew York on January 9., She 
was 78.. • 

She took on her liie's work 
accidentally, almost reluctantly, 
brt it -became cnKxaL :tp the 
company’s existence; 'without' 
her drive, cooHieadedness and 
generosity RaUet Theatre -would 
not exist. ‘ ... '' .- 

Born in 1907,- -at Waterbury, 
Connecticut, she went fo New 
York to . study drama ' at the 
Theatre Guild School. ^ While 
there she attended ballet classes 
at foe school of Mikhail 
Mordkro, a fo r me r star' of- the 
Bolshoi BaBet in Moscow: and 
for a while Pavlova’s partner: 

Chase became his star pupil 
and made bet career during the 
1930s entirely in his presen- 
tations. "■ . 

She married Thomas Ewing 
but he died young in. 1933, 
leaving her jltn in a trust and a 
further un encumb ered sum 
esthnatedjttSl&m. " 

In spite of her fortune, Lucia 
Chase's attitude to her work was , 
passionately professional, and - 
she danced several of the big 
classical roles with Mordkin. - 
The expenses of short run 
productions outran the receipts 
ahi it, was..stijpe£t£d that- it 
ipwduld pay fofrawwiii longer 
seawms. This .fed wan initial' 
season in 1940-qfwhat was first 
called simply . ' The ■ Ballet 

Theatre- with new works by 
Anton Dolin, Fokinc, Nijinska 
and other choreographers in- 
■ eluding the En glishman, Antony 
Tudor. . _. 

;.. As the Ballet Theatre grew 
into a big; permanent organis- 
ation, Miss Ouse repeatedly 
had to Subsidise its -activities. 
-Eventually, ; m >; 1945 she was 
persuaded to become adminis- 
trative, director ^ jointly with 
Oliver'Smitli;; foe.Stage designer 

Un^'t^^Wfiagemcnt the 
company pqptinued to experi- 
ence in ter mit tent crises; but 
overcame these to become foe 
first American company to play 
at O) vent Garden, in 1946, and 
the first to . visit Russia in 1960. 

.Chase was a steadying hand 
on its economic welLbcing and 
artistically foe was prepared to 
take risks. As well as engaging 
known' stars, foe built them 
within, foe company, _ from 
Alicia. Alonso and Nora Kaye 
through to Fernando Bujones. 

She. also gave opportunities 
to many choreographers, pre- 
senting some ofTudor’s greatest 
works,, the first ballets of 
Jerome Robbins and' Eliot Feld, 
and some of' MacMillan’s 
eariiestv: creations. The ballet 
director in Herbert Ross's film 
The Turning Point is an 
affectionate caricature of Lada 
Chase. . " 

She retired in 1980, making 
way for. Baryshnikov to take 
over the company. • 


■ . Mr R^ Rattey; VC who died 
on. January 8 at .West Wyalong, 
New"- South Wafes, =: won ■ his 
Victoria Cross while serving as 
a corporal in Bougainville, in 
the Solomon Islands in March 

His company, part of an 
Australian- infantry battalion 
was ordered to capture a 
strongly held enemy, position 
astride the road to Bum in the 
south of the island where 
substantial Japanese forces, by- 
passed by MacArthuris earlier 
leap froggixig advance, . were 
concentrated- . .. 

With . his battalion taking 
heavy casualties from enemy 
fire di rec t ed from bunkers, slit 
trenches and foxholes rited on 
commanding' ground, Rxttey, 
perceiving that a section attack 
would only result in maze dead 
and wounded, elected on a~ 
single handed rush. 

This he achieved, firing a 
.Brfo gun. from the hip. and 
silencing the forward bunker by 
lobbing a r grenade among its 
defenders.- He then returned to 
get more grenades and advano- 
mg alone again, put the other 
bunkers but of action. 

This- ted -to foe flight of tbe 
remaining enemy troops, en- 
abling RatteyV company to 
continue its advance. 

Later when foe advance was 
held up by a heavy machine 
gun, Rattey again rushed for- 
ward alone, silencing the gun 
with his own Bren fire and 
putting those of its crew who 
had not died -in his single 

t a i n ted u t t m*-, tofoch*- 

- Rattey,- who -farmed m New 
South wales after leaving the 
Australian Army, was a visitor 
to several VC and GG reunions 
in London over the years. . 

• ii •* '-t 


Mr Mansd Thomas, ^ OBE, 
foe 'Welsh conductor V 'end 
composes-, who died on January 
8 at foe age oT 76i was BBC 
Head of Music ifr Wales fin- 
many years. : •-■•••-- 

Boro at Tyl orstow n... m ■ the 
Rhondda, he won a scholarship 
to the Royal Academy -of Music 
where he studied under- Benja- 
min Dale. Later he gained a 

After war: sendee- in -foe 
RASC he was matte conductor 
of foe reconstituted BBC !Welfo 

.Orchestra • ' and_ also y ' of the 
.CarxfrfrMunfapal Choir. 

In .1950 he was. appointed 
head of BBC Head of Music in 
Wales a peat he was to bcAi for 
some 15 years and gave iip in 
order .to give. ' more - time to 
; composition. . -ri , • r. v. • 

- He was made OB^m -1959 
for services to Welsh music and 
the- Gniveisrty of Wales" con- 
fenrd-an honorary pfofesrionat 
fyiowshijsonhim.- ' P " - 

He wrote a bod^ of ^ choral 
work, an operetta; some 
tral pieces, two pianoforte trios 
and astring .quartet/. T 


Captain .- Sir Roderick 
Mackenzie, Bt, CBE, DSC^ dicd 
on January 7 at the ageof9L 
The . son of J. R. K. 
Mackenzie, he was boim ^on 
December 11* .1894 arali edu- 
cated.. at. foe . RN' Colteges 
Osborne and Dartmouth. He 
served in the First World War, 
in which he was- mentioned in 
despatches. : 

He was in 1913-15 mlataS 
Iron Duke, Sir John JefficbeV 
flagship; as a midshipman and 
sub*lieutenauT and.was.nnsent 
at the Battle of Jii tland. m l 91 fr. 
in HMS RoyalisL Hc'-^bn. a. 
DSC in that year. ' • :: 7’ J • 

;Ih between the wara he held 
several appointments as Reet 
Torpedo Officer *in stations at*. 

.home, and overseas fod from 
1933 t to :: f I939 r wa$.. v# , foe 
■ Admiralty: ' 

During fo<^ t Seco^-Worid 
War, in 'vfoirfi he y^ again 
mentioned hi . he 

took part in-foe Ifflimnp in 
Sicily, Naples and Anribl lAW 
he was Navial Offifo^^teples 
and Leghorn. Ho w»j J jnade 
CBE in 1945 'and' 
the American. . iledat^f -Ffee” 
dom with sflyec : 

He 5ucceeded'four«oiinB» 85 
lift, baronet iti 1981%', 

He married in jl^ 8^Mari e 

son and two daufotora-t^ son 
Dr 3Rodo«£ : :;jJ)dcQt*sc 
Mackenzie succeeds^ ■ i --- 


■ ^ r. . 

Mr William John ChaJmL 

CB, CVO, CBE, Secretary k 

^hrector General ot the Com- 
monwealth War Graves ^Gom- . 
missioh from 1956 4^^975,- 
died 9 n January 8 at fte age of. 
7L : . • '. . . : . ; vy y 

_ He wax Appeal Secrrtajy of. 
The Queen’s Silver Jnbiled 
Appeal from 1975 to' 1978. 

He joined * the. Common- 

wealth War - Graves ’Com - 
ntisrion; m * 

wifo- dratiticfioti itP foe - 
JW^.War ; with TtifcC&een’s 
Own Qunetpa fGjfolsaid^-Ifo 

•45.' - • - . . • ,-s. i 

" H4 ( was metitionttL in ;de- 
spstohes and-~was ■Jrwifrdetf the 
Croix tie Guerre. *i ; • ■ • 




-y .v?*! 




. /~t :<••*•■?.■. 

I r,v~ ; v.*r * 

•- -*■ ■*/ ?!!■ 

Do you ever hanker for those bygone 
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The days when a Grand Torn' meant 
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The moment you enter the Belmont 
you’ll notice its high level of appointments. 

The seats are superbly upholstered and, 
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The seatbelts can be individually altered 
for height and driving position. 

And there’s a 4-speaker Philips stereo 
radio/cassette player. 

Of course, should you decide to push the 
boat out with the GLS trim, you’ll find even 
more in store. 





sed < 


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g gi 









60 . 









But in any form, the Belmont’s piece de 
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The largest in its class, it boasts a cap- 
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to a low loading lip. . j 

And thanks to the 60/40 split folding 
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at the same time as transporting lengthy 
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Laden or unladen, the Belmont, like the 
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an uncommon level of comfort with a rare 
turn of speed. 

Consider the GLSi, for example. 


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c >pj3\ •«> 

... .p , J , 

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■* 5 ‘ ••.«•:: 


Its smooth streamlined coachwork has ! choice of cabins. Seven in all. With three 

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Yet it manages to return a credihfi^jgg|j 

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an unruffled grace. 

The Belmont is available with a wide 

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Right now, you’ll find the Belmont 
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not, book yourself 
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,u , 


' • '* 



Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Thc^Bank of England yesterday made 
posibly its strongest statement so far in a 
bid to calm the. City’s jangled nerves. In 
the topsy-turvy world of the gilt-edged 
market, traders "began 

checking local weather reports. ' . . 

This unusual behaviour took place 
during; a trading session of high turbu- 
lence. The ' market ' opened agpinst a 
backdrop of soaring money marStrates. 
Tn ' early morning trading, the three 
months interbank rates edged over 13 per 
cent Later it shot to nearly 14 per cent. 
'Conscious that these money rates pointed 
towards an imminent 114 point rise in the 
bank base, the jobbers had gilts down in a 
flash. The lonjs were marked’ down by 
about % point. By mid-morning they were 
W; points down, and heading rapidly 

-Then came the Bank of England, edict, 
or rather series of edicts. First, the Bank.' 
stated -that it did not consider a base rate : 
riser from the current level' of 12% per cent", 
to be appropriated, hfext^f offered 'tem- 
porary facilities to the banking system of 1 
per cent of eligible liabilities, amounting 
to a little over £1 billion. Not only did the 
Bank add to thegfrneraL liquidity of the 
system, it did so at a fixed rate of interest 
of 12% per cent for three' months, the 
duration of the facility. '' 

Quoting the rale the facility would cost 
is rare, if not unprecedented, for the time 
being die Bank is putting its money where - 
its mouth is. Should the three month 
interbank rate continue to rise above. 12% 
par cent, then the Bank and ultimately the 
taxpayer, must foot the bill for the mis- 
match of rates. 

The facility is clearly intended to put 
something of a floor to the current UK 
rate structure. It also adds to the liquidity 
in the British banking system, a feature of. 
current trends against which the Bank 
inveighed inthe latest quarterly bulletin. 

\ To drive home the message that British 
rates trill not rise, the Bank sidestepped 
the fact that money markets were fiat by - 
dealing forward in the bill markets. The - 
Bank invited offers of bills from the 
discount houses to take out' shortages 
scheduled to arise tomorrow and Friday; > 
the effect ' is to underwrite existing . 
intervention rates. 

This left the discount houses free lo : 
snap-up any bills they could buy at higher • 
yields, thereby netting a neat profit as they 
sold them on to the Bank. 

The thrust of the Bank’s Actions was felt - 
in: the market at once; ‘Three month • 
interbank rate fell" back very quickly to 13 
per cent. The pits market, also rallied a - 
point, after a final galvanic sdl-off. towards 
the end of the morning. 

But will the Bank’s measures prove 
adequate? Will market forces prevail over 
the next few days_ or weeks, obliging the 
authorities yet again to allow interest rates 
to rise? 

This is where. the. traders’ concern about 
the weather features. So far this winter has 
been exceptionally mild, and the clement 
weather in turn has contributed to the 
softness of oil prices. Yesterday, spot 
Brent crude fell a further 70 cents a barreL 
The general consensus of opinion within 
the market is that a combination, of 
weakening oil prices and a deepening UK 
money lake wifi be enough to push sterling . 
lower and hence rates higher.The forecast 
is that warm' weather means 13 per cent 
base rates. 

Nomura profits from 
yen’s new role 

The pressure from the United States and 
Europe for the yen to be allowed to play, a 
bigger international role is music to. 'the 
ears of the big Japanese securities groups. 

Nomura, by some distance the biggest, 
has disclosed, for the first time, income 
directly attributable to overseas-related 
business. ■ • 

It accounted for 20 per cent of its 19S5 
revenue of more than £2 -billion 
Nomura’s consolidated results for 
1985, announced yesterday, are even 
more impressive than the earlier noii- 
consolidated figures. Pretax profit is up 52 
per cent to 250 billion yen (£850 million) 
and net income on the American 
definition is up a similar percentage to 
£380 million. 

Buoyant domestic equity .and bond 
markets helped it sail past the previous 
1984 record. But The group notes that the 
year “is best characterized by our efforts to 
internationalize operations”. 

By any standards, Nomura is big 
enough to be a powerful competitor in 
markets around the world. For comparison. 

: Merrill Lynch garnered revenue of £3.5 
. billion but net ' income of only £112 
million in the first nine months of last 
year. Nomura’s net worth is £2.2 billion 
compared with £1.4 billion for the 
troubled Mefrili at the end of 1984. And 
Nomura earns almost half its income from 
/' commissions, a useful shock-absorber. 

Just how far Nomhra and the second 
rank Japanese houses will be' welcomed in 
'London’s big bang remains problematical 
-Nomura has iwisely not tested .the waters 
in the gilt-edged market It is learning the 
- non-Japanese' ropes in 'New York'.with the 
" hope of operating in. London once' the 
“bloodbath”' and the. Anglo-Japanese 
stand-off oyer financial, .services are 

It wifi, however, applyfor membership 
of the Stock Exchange, once the lists 
. re-open. The pew Stock, Exchange priority 
, of maintaining a single market may then 
• triumph over resort to. the “yellow peril" 
clause inappropriately inserted into the 
Financial Services Bill. 

The main target of Nomura and other 
Japanese houses, however, is a London 
banking licence. The Bank of England 
requires by statute ’ that overseas 
-banks should be supervised by banking 
authorities in their home country. Japan 
is now trying to satisfy this. form. At 
present securities houses, and banks are 
' supervised by different departments of the 
Japanese Ministry of Finance. 

The Bank could, however, '• remain 
obstructive if it wants to insist that 
overseas companies can run the gamut 
from stockbroking to commercial b anking 
in Tokyo, where domestic companies face 
a series of walls, between different 
' functions -that will -inevitably take some 
' time to break down. How long Nomura et 
a/ have to wait will depend on: goodwill 
presently lacking,: Joint ventures in 
London and Tokyo can be expected. 

Farewell to Wellcome 
by two top men 

The Wellcome Foundation' stands accused 
of. carelessness. A . week ago it revealed that 
the head of its American research team, . 
Dr Pedro Cuatrecasas, was leaving to join 
Glaxo. Earlier, it was announced that 
-William Sullivan, the' head of - the 
American operation, was also leaving. 
■With the' company’s;, flotation; on the 
-stockmarket 'scheduled •: for.; January -29, 
•these departures are unfortunhte. 

Last year Wellcome lost two eminent 
'drugireseardrers, Sir Jamies' Black and Sir 
John Vane, “so potential investors will 
want - more in the way of explanation 
before they put up tbeirmoney. ' 

. Of the latest departures, Mr Sullivan’s is 
probably of lesser importance as he was 
known to be thinking of leaving. . . 

The irony of Dr Cuatrecasas’ departure 
is that he is said to have left partly because 
he did not -get on with Mr Sullivan. 
Whether he can now be persuaded to slay 
is uncertain. 

Dr Cuatrecasas is responsible for 
launching a series of successful .anti-viral 
drugs, including an. anu-Herpes prep- 
aration in America, but his specialist area 
is receptors. No doubt Wellcome is hoping 
. he will return to this at Glaxo, rather than 
compete- in the ami-viral field. 

. The pathfinder prospectus, due out 
tomorrow should confirm that a quarter of 
•the equity will be on offer at a fixed price. 
The. company' and its. advisers. Robert 
Fleming, decided last week not to use the 
tender method. 

Missing from both' the pathfinder and 
the final prospectus wifi be a profits 
forecast Fleming says that volatile 
currencies make the task of forecasting 
even more diffi cult than 'usual. If it 
wished, it could give a forecast at constant 
exchange rales and some indication of the 
effect of exchange rate movements; it has 
opted not to do this. 

This year’s profits, wifi be flat. Steve 
Plag of Wood- Mackenzie, the broker, has 
alraedy cut his forecast for. the year to 
August 31 from £150 million -to £140 
million. He is considering reducing it still 
farther, probably to £125 million. Last 
year Wellcome made £122 million. In the 
main this downngrading simply reflects 
currency swings. 

The prospectus will point to better 
prospects for. 1987 and it may also have 
news about the new ami-depressant drug, 
Wellbrutin, which has just been given 
>val by the American federal Drugs 
[ministration. This emphasizes, the 
success bf.'Weficome’s American team 
which suddenly has to take the strain of ; 
two significant departures. 



Brent crude oil 
slips to $22.30 

World oil prices continued 
their downward spriral yester- 
day, North Sea Brent crude - 
the market tn European dealing 
- dropping to S22.30 a barrel for 
March delivery. 

T rading was very light in 
Europe with most dealers 
watching the American West 
Texas Intermediate crude which 
had dropped below $24 with 
little . .indication of a rally 
At the same time the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries has re- 
newed Its call for non-member 
producers such as Britain and 
Norway to cooperate' _ with 
output cuts to maintain prices. 

Senor' Arturo ' Grisam, • the 
Venezuelan oil minister and 
Op« president, said: “The 
industrialized countries should 
not overlook the fact that a fair 
and reasonable price for oil is 
the only guarantee of a stable 
market ” 



FT Ind Ordl094.3 

FT AH Share664.42 ....... 

FT Govt SecuntiesfflJ.Bt 

FT-SE 1001370.1 a. 

Datastrearti USM106.01 
New York 

Dow Jones 1 51 7.1 9 — . 

Nikkei Dowl 2928.60 
HoHg'Ko^ - 

Hang Sengi 78123 

Amriordam: 258.1 * 

Sydney: AQ1Q48-8 — 

Commerel3anK2lO&.'l .. 


Ganerar?58-2S - 

Parte CAC270.2 






..... (-3.32) 


... (-17.38) 





;; (-3.41 


London fixing: - ~ 

am 8338.80pm -S341 .00' • 

dose S340.00-S340.50 (£230.00- 
236:50) . \, 

New York: 

Cemex S349.45 



Gomme Holdings ...... 

Jebsans Drilling 
Comb. Tech. Corp. . 

Good Relations 

Radio City “A" NV ...... 

A&M Group - - 

Moorgate Group — 

MemcomJntJ. — ... — 

British Beozcrf 

Anglo* Indo Corp. ... — 

Nu-Swift Inds .• — 

MS international 

Stanley (AG.) 

Consultants (C&F) ...... 

Pineapple Dance 

Boustead.. ......... 



Geevor Tin 

ICC Oil ......:** -r ■ - 

Promotions' House 

Oceoftics ; 

Wobdftaad (Jonas) 

Air Can — 


Gcsf PeffCteum 

Gramp'anTV "A'" - 


....15p 4-60p 
..143p +15p 
20p +2p 

.14.500 +tp 
,.Jll5p +7p 
— 53p +3p 
— 73p +4p 
,.i..55p +3p 
75p +4p 
,80p +4p 


. — 42p +2p 
....170p +7p 

...6. 50p -Ip 


.,....35p -3p 
.. u ..3Ep -3p 
1 — IBp 

JP“ 7? 

..:...54p -4p 
27 p -2p 

Jobs mbre important than tax 
cuts, CBI tells Chancellor 

. By Darid Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The Confederation of British 
Industry, yesterday' called for 
specific Budget measures to cut 
unemployment to be .given 
priority over reductions In 
personal taxation or action to 
help business." 

It also said that the Chancel*, 
lor, Mr Nigel Lawson, should 
seize any opportunity to cut 
interest rates in the coming 

The CBFs Budget recommen- 
dations are in three, parts, 
adding up to a package costing 
0.5 billion - the amount set 
aside for tax cuts by the 
Chancellor in the medium term 
financial strategy last March. 

However, Sir James Gem in- 
son, • the CBI president, made 
dear yesterday that if oO price 
and other uncertainties force 
Mr Lawson to reduce his 
Budget giveaway, priority 
should be accorded to a package 
of unemployment-reducing 
measures costing £l billion. 

These measures, which are 
based on existing government 

special employment and train- 
ing measures, are aimed at 
cutting the jobless by 330,000 
over two years. 

They include a development 
of the Enterprise Allowance 
Scheme, to encourage more job 
t raining ; a reduction in the Job 
Release Scheme age limit from 
64 to 62, together with other 
measures to encourage more 
flexible working arrangements;' 
a Building Improvement Pro- 
gramme. based on the Com- 
munity Programme; and in- 
creased funding for both Urban 
Development Grants and Der- 
elict Land Gram schemes. 

The fofl-year cost of these 
would total £1 billion, the CBI 
says. The 330,000 cut in 
unemployment would be alter 
allowing for labour force 

Second on the CBrs list of 
Budget priorities is lower 
personal taxation, through a 
raising of income tax allow- 
ances and thresholds by 10 per 
cent more than is required just 

Sir Terence Beckett: 
economy under-estimated 

to compensate for inflation. 
This would cost £2.1 billion in a 
full year, and would take up to a 
million people out of income 
tax. It would have the desirable 
effect of improving incentives 
at the lower end of the incomes 
scale, the CBI says. 

The third part of the package 
includes measures to improve 
competitiveness and growth. 

Proposlas include a 10 per cent 
partial business derating and 
the abolition of capital duty on 
new issues. In addition, there 
should be business assets relief 
from Capital Transfer Tax of 
100 per cent to safeguard the 
assets of smaller companies. 

The CBI's director-general. 
Sir Terence Beckett, made it 
clear thaL the package is 
consistent with the Govern- 
ment's medium term financial 
strategy, and with lower interest 

Last week's rise in base rales 
was “a matter of real regret", he 
said. '■The money markets have 
under-estimated the strength of 
the British economy". 

He added: “We have an all- 
time high in real interest rates. 
Action must be taken to reduce 
them*’. . 

Sir James said that in the 
second half of last year rates 
could have been reduced. “The 
Chancellor was reluctant to 
move down when the oppor- 
tunity offered itself." 

Debenhams profits on target 

Th? chairman of Burton 
Group, Mr Ralph Hal pern, says 
that Debenhams will meet its 
£60 million profit forecast for 
•1 985-86, but only because of the 
Burton Hading operations 
which now lake up more than 
250,000 sq ft of Debenhams 

Speaking at a crowded annual 
meeting! Burton's first since its 
bitter £560 million acquisition 
of Debenhams, he revealed that, 
excluding Debenhams, Burton 
sales were running 25 per cent 
ahead of the same period last 
year. Sales within Debenhams 
are showing an increase of only 
8 per cent, including the 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

contribution from the new 
Burton departments. 

Disappointment over the last 
figure helped to knock Burton 
shares from 52Sp to 501 p, 
having touched 496p at one 
point. But Mr Hal pern was 
adamant that Debenhams still 
offered Burton all the potential 
for growth he had seen at the 
time of the takeover. 

He was less certain about the 
continuing role of Sir Terence 
Conran in the De ben ham 
project, and will meet him on 
Friday to try to clarity the 
position. Since the Debenhams 
takeover. Sir Terence's Habitat 
Mothercare has merged with 

British Home Stores to form 
Storehouse. Mr Hal pern says he 
knew nothing of the merger 
until the day it was announced 
but clearly it has a bearing on 
Habitat’s options to take up to 
20 per cent of Debenhams 
floorspace and 20 per cent ot 
the shares. Those options run 
until the end of this year but 
Burton is keen to settle the 
matter sooner. 

Mr Hal pern still hopes that 
Sir Terence will take up the 
floorspace in Debenhams. 

He said there would be 
disposals of assets as Burton 
endeavours to reduce its debt to 
£100 million over the next three 




By Our Economics 

Christmas spending' pushed 
up retail sales to a record level 
last month. But the December 
rise was not as large as bad been 

Retail sales rose by 0.3 per 
cent last month. The index of 
sales volume hit a new high of 
117.9 (1980=100), 3.0 percent 
up on December 1984. 

The rise was not as large as 
preliminary reports from re- 
tailers had suggested. Earlier 
this month. Retail Consortium, 
the retailers' organization, sug- 
gested that December sales 
would be 4 per cent up on a year 

Yesterday, the consortium 
said;' “It is a Very good figure, 
another record Christmas." 
There appears to- have been a- 
greater tendency to shop early 
for Christmas than in the 
previous year. 

For last, year as a whole, sales 
volume was up by 4.2 per cent 
on 1984. The value of retail 
sales was £87.3 billion, 8.8 per 
cenL up on the previous year. 

In December, sales totalled 
£1 1.8 billion, 8 per cent higher 
than in December 1984. __ 

The CBI {Financial Times 
Distributive Trades Survey, 
published :ioddy, says that 
January safes are going well, 
with clothing retailers forecast- 
ing record results. But sales are 
expected to be down, on last 
January for booksellers, station- 
ers, confectioners, tobacconists 
and newsagents. _/ 

Societies 9 record funding 

By Lawrence Lever 

Building society net funding 
from the retail sector declined 
by more than 20 per cent in 
1985 despite an unexpected 
surge in net receipts at the end 
of the year, according .to 
Building Societies Association 
figures yesterday. 

The societies increasingly 
turned to wholesale sources for 
their funding requirements, 
raising a record £3 billion last 

The BSA attributed the £865 

million December net retail 
receipts - the ’highest monthly 
amount in 1985 - to the return 
of unsuccessful Laura Ashley 
share subscriptions and the 
transfer fo bank current account 
money after the introduction of 
free banking by three clearing 

The decline in overall retail 
receipts for last year was caused 
by the failure of the building 
society movement to respond 
quickly to increased bank base 
rates in January, 1985. 

Granada and 
plan merger 

By Cliff Feltham 

Granada Group and Lad- 
broke confirmed yesterday that 
they are discussing a merger 
which would create a £1.2 
billion leisure conglomerate 
taking in television, bingo, 
betting, hotels and holidays. 

Both sides insisted that there 
would be no dominant partner 
in the new group. Lad broke's 
chairman, Mr Cyril Stein, said 
that a merger would be along 
the lines of the Habiiat/British 
Home Stores get-together, and 
“neither set of shareholders 
would receive a bid premium". 

The businesses appear to 
offer a neat fit. Ladbroke owns 
the Lasky's electrical chain and 
Granada operates its own 
television rental shops. Between 
them both groups operate more 
than 90 bingo hails, and have 
dual interests in catering and 

On the stock market Lad- 
broke shares closed 1 Op lower at 
3l3p and Granada finished 4p 
off the top at 234p. 

• An agreed £11 million bid 
has been made for Gomme 
Holdings, maker of G-PIan 
furniture, by three of the 
company's directors. The bid 
has been recommended by Mr 
Leslie Gomme. the chairman. 

Stake buyer 
at Distillers 

A leading American drinks 
company has bought e share- 
holding in Distillers, the Scotch 
whisky group which is attempt- 
ing to light off a £1.9 billion 
takeover bid from Mr James 
Gulliver's Argyll Group. 

Reliable sources said that 
Schcnley Industries has already 
bought a 1.5 per cent stake in 
Distillers, worth £30 million. 

Meanwhile, the war of words 
in ihc takeover baule rose a i 

decibel yesterday when Argyll 
Group dispatched a fresh clutch 
of documents to Distillers 

Argyll also matched Distil- 
ler's offer of a free video on its 
business with the offer of a VHS 
or Beta max tape on Argyll's 
own marketing successes. 

Mr Bill Spengler, Distillers' 
deputy chairman, said the 
documents had advanced no 
fresh arguments 

Really popular 

Applications for shares in 
Really Useful Company dosed 
oversubscribed within a minute . 
of opening yesterday. The 
striking price and basis of 
allocauon of the issue by tender 
of the five million shares will be 
announced soon. 

Fears that Short Brothers, the 
Belfast aerospace firm and 
Ulster’s largest manufacturing 
company, was about to make up 
to 700 workers redundant, were 
allayed after management and 
unions met yesterday. The 
company said that a reduction 
of its 6. 500-strong workforce 
was possible over the next year. ■ 

Guinness froths 

Guinness, the drinks to retail 
group, has increased pretax . 
profits to £86.1 million from 
£70.4 million for the year to 
September 30. T umover rose to 
£1.187.7 million from £923.7 
million. A final dividend of 
5.2p makes 7.2p for the year - a ' 
12 per cent increase. 

Temp us, page 23 

Wickes launch 

Wickcs, the retailers, is 
coming to the USM via an offer 
for sale of 4.95 million shares at 
I40p each. It is forecasting 
annual pretax profits of £3.6 
million, up from £2.2 million. 

Tempus, page 23 

Trading chief 

Sir Gordon Borne has been 
rc-appoinicd director-general of 
the Office of Fair Trading for 
five years from June by Mr 
Leon Brittan. Secretary of Stale 
for Trade and Industry. 


T 1 / N C -<u -f. Ql COE: 
i Line ' ‘ i l c nm 


GKN in joint 
steel venture 

British Steel and Guest, Keen 
& Nettiefolds have agreed to 
form a joint company to take 
over the manufacturing activi- 
ties of BSC Special Steels and 
GKN's . special steels and 
forging operations. - 
The two companies an- 
nounced in August that they 
intended to set up a joint 
venture - code-named Phoenix 
II - in engineering steels to 
tackle this problem of severe 
over capacity. 

The new company, to be 
called United Engineering 
Steels, will start trading in April 
and expects sales of about £600 
million with a capacity of 1.5 
million tonnes. No substantial 
job losses are expected among 
the 1 1 ,000 employees. 



£: Si .4405 (unchanged) 

£: DM-3.5557l-0.0l71) 

£: SwFr 3.0129(-0.01 20) 
£: FFr 10.8990(-Q.0643) 

£: Yen291J2(-0.73) 

£ Index: 78.1(unchanged) 

Mew York: (latest): 

£ 51.4400 
$: DM2.4720 
S Index: 12S.3{-Q.3) 

ECU £0.613347 
SDR £0.759965 



Bank Bass: 12%% 

3-month Interbank 13%-13% 
3-month eligible Mte: . • 
buying rats 12Vi-2y'« 

US: . 

Prime Rats 9.50% 

Federal Funds _ 

3-mpnth Treasury BUls 7.24-7.22% 
20-ysgr bond pries l0K-fe~10EHh 

Plessey in‘buy-British’ 
Japanese breakthrough 



By clutching a high-technology 
deal with NHsuko - one of 
Japan's leading telecommuni- 
cations equipment suppliers - 
Plessey has scored another 
major success for Britain’s 
export drive. 

Under a new agreement, 
Plessey will supply the CDSS 
modem office switchboard 
(marketed in the UK as the 
Monarch) to Nitsuko for sale 
in the Japanese home market. 

Says Plessey Network and 
Office Systems chief execu- 
tive, Ian Maclean; ‘Selling 
CDSS in Japan is a tremen- 
dous breakthrough for British 
technology. The CDSS 
system which we make in 
Beeston has already been sold 
to 30 countries, and this latest 
success confirms its world- 
class rating' 

Nitsuko have stated that 
they chose the Plessey CDSS 
because it gave them an excel- 
lent opportunity to present 
their Japanese customers with 
a world-proven high techno- 
logy' system. They had every 
confidence the CDSS would 
sell well in Japan - one of the 

TJw Plessey CDSS for Japan 
largest and most competitive 
ma rkets anywhere. 


This breakthrough in Japan 
by Plessey marks the first 
occasion a British digital switch- 
ing system has been approved 
for sale there. It involved 
gaining vital type approval 
from Nippon Telephone and 
Telegraph (NTT) - the 

Japanese posts, telephoneand 
telegraph administration. 

Plessey has manufactured 
more digital telephone 
systems for business than any 
other British company and i’s 
accustomed to making int- 
ricate but essential changes to 
its products lor different 

So, naturally, the CDSS for 
Nitsuko has Japanese charac- 
ters on its console. 

W&ftJuiiaii radar systems 
for CWnaand Oman 

Plessey has now been awarded two further significant contracts 
for its Watchman radar system - against international 


It will supply the Sultan of 
Omanis Air Force, and also the 
Xiamen International Airport 
in Fujian Province. China. In 
addition to ^tchman radar 
and Watchman display 
systems, both orders incor- 
porate Cossor secondary' 
surveillance radar. 


In air traffic control, Plessey 
Ubtchman radar is unique 
in its class. It's the first radar 
10 feature a travelling wave 
tube transmitter; which, when 
combined with Plessey adapt- 
ive moving target detector 
signal processing and advanc- 
ed pulse compression tech- 
niques, ensures consistent 

and reliable detection of the 
smallest targets, even in the 
most adverse weather. 

This high performance in 
conditions such as heavy rain 
is particularly important at 
Xiamen, which is in an area 
subject to typhoons. 

For both contracts, data 
will be presented on 
Watchman display consoles 
which each have a dedicated 
computer to provide opti- 

Fiessey has just signed a 
contract with the Beijing 
Foreign Trade Corporation for 
an urban traffic control system 
for the east district of Beijing 

The contract is a pilot 
system to upgrade 39 traffic 
junctions with the unique 
traffic-responsive control 
strategy know as SCOOT 
(Split Cycle Offset Optimisa- 
tion Technique). 


Plessey will supply, install and 
commission hardware and 
software for the two-year 
project, as well as training 
Beijing's traffic engineers. 

The system will comprise 
39 Plessey T> pe 200 intersec- 
tion controllers, some 250 
detectors, and sophisticated 
computer management, with 
operator peripherals and 
wallmap displays. 

In the UK. Plessey installed 
more computer-controlled 
road traffic systems in 19S5 
than any other company. 

its Beijing SCOOT con- 
tract -the first outside a British 
territory' - will recognise that 
apart from increasing motor 
traffic, five million bicycles 
use the Chinese capitals 

Pfc»ey Watchman radar 

mum system availability and 
operational flexibility. 

As well as these contract 
successes in China and Oman 

- and in other foreign markets 

- Plessey Watchman has 
already been selected by the 
Royal Air Forceas the replace- 
ment radar at all its airfields. 


Technology is our business. 

I With ils microchips. Plessey 
I achieved greater sales percent- 
1 age groMlh in Europe in 1985 
than any other manufacturer is 
the world. 

According to Dataquest - 
the independent specialists in 
electronics market research - 
Plessey integrated circuit sales 
increased by 2S.S9V The next 
fastest growing manufacturer 
was Fujitsu, whose European 
revenue was up by 
22 t !ou followed by Thomson, 
Signetics and ITT. 

Plessey estimates that a 
fifth of its microchips are sold 
to its own companies for appli- 
cation in Plessey systems. The 
other SO'-'o competes success- 
fully in more than fifteen 

V.», / Jfi|i 1 








ANoChokuer* 44 

MartooMkSand 39 
MarttiUariada 34 

Emory AfrFrm 164 18 *. 



S>*ar la ponca portray oraieo 
MaH We« * Co. Ltd. raport 

Tie pound iMMgd to reoorff 
roost of its emiy bills yesterday, 
but remained weak overall. 

Sterling lutd initially risen to 
1,4450 against Hie dollar after 
gnate from the money 
had pointed to a farther 
rise in base rates, foUamag last 
week's 1 pur cent increase. 
However, It- ftil below 1,4400 
After the Bank of England 
inriJahJ that ft COnddOTO the 
present Jewels of interest rates 
were appropriate. 

After this, it was left to 
weakening oil prices to provide 
the i—in influence on the 
beleaguered pound, partiailariy 
after Monday’s reports that 
analysts are predicting farmer 
falls in the oil price. 

Sterling dosed unchanged 

against the dollar, at 1.4405, np 
form a km of 1,4330 for the day. 
The effective index, wa also 
unchanged at the dose of 78.1. 



Oct SB .92500250 


AJUrSrte unquoted 





ri>»i' -H 





Spot 917.0. 

Yota 4* lota. 

Lhro Pfg Contract 
p. par Wo 



Catsanaa. 19 SaparGant.wra. “J. 

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E p ortormo 

E114D0 E112SD 
El IBRD E11R20 
£12000 £117.50 




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The Bank stepped in early 
yesterday to indicate to the 
market that it did not want to 
see any change in base rates. 
Before thk, some period rates 
were near to discounting a base 

■om Rates % 

Oooring Banks 124 
Rnanca Houaa 12 
OtSCOURt RNfett Lttm% 

OwmlteHctill Low 2 

WM fact fib-ill 

Traaswy B*s [Dbcourt 
Buying SoBng 

2 months 124 2month* 124 

3 months 12*4 3 months 124 

3 months 124-124 Smontha 124-124 

TlwtetHta ^Dfocounl , 31 , 

3 [norths 134 

6 months 13% 

Rrwtaus ttqTa total open Henst 1913 
Tban Spm rotate to Monday's da dm. 

Oramight open 114-1 1 '« doaoB 
limit 12-114 6 months 184-13 

1 month 13-124 9 months lSV12"i* 

3 montha 134-13 12 months 13>«-t2»i* 

Local Authority Dopoofts {%) 

2 days 12 7 days 12 

1 month 12** 8 months 13 

e months 13 12mcrths13 

rate of 14 - per cent, having 
poshed ahead in chaotic trading. 
. They settled back just after 
the aniMMm(yiH M | t , fit pied spm 
before lunch and then drifted off 
gently during the rest of the day. 

1 month 015-010 3 months 8.154.10 
6 months &2D015 12 months 8-40-435 


csfl 84-74 
1 month • 8*^84 
B months BSrS^a 
cse 54 


0 luOnffD “ r^T 

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1 month 104-04 

5 months 17<-12 


6 months 4*4-44 

call 7-e 

1 month 7V7i» 
6 months 

Dtv YM 

Priot aw ran so p/e 

7 days ffVB 1 * 
3 months 8V84 
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Ranc h Franc - 
7 dsys W 
3 months 12*4-12 
Mh Franc 
7 days 3434 
3 months *W4S* 

7 dsys 7*474 
3 months VSii*a 

Local Authority Bond 
1 month 124-124 
3 months 124-124 
9 monte 124-124 

^months 124-124 
6 months 124-124 
12 months 12*4-124 

Siaillna COS f%) 
imorth 13-124 3c 
6 months 134-124 12 

3 months 13V1J?* 
12 months 13>r17, 



Fbrad Rato Storing Export Branca Schema (V 
Avorags rater on co rate tar Moraot poriod 4 
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1985 _ 

High Low Company 

Dtv YM 

Price Chige peace te P/E 

re mcayoivmDM to • -t 

137 Trndlttei 1S5 5 -2 

1014 itMniM, 202 5 .. 

19 Tt-NornAmrin X -1 

in TrPosCeBMb 120 

129 TrftCMrt* 140 5 -2 

79 Tr T*cri 904 “I 

124 TrTnnim 143 s 4 

111 TareiteBw 135 -3 

2Tt Tlrtmrtji M3 -7 

248 TtraBaandCra 303 *3 

137 Tbnior—tt "iss • -2 

MO Tranre 1134 -4 

7ft Trmrattaa SO 

ISS U3Dabrak*» 223 -6 

^ £££•”“ 18 • ? 

M WksvtKOm Bwrgy S8 

139 mm 1S1 • -3 
























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107.2 104 
784 912 ■ 
ins irtj 

137.1 1465 
444 47.7 
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S7jB 715 
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1197 124! C 
31. t H4i 
745 S00 
ISM 114! 
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ISU 1072 
111! 1UL7 
IB97 2093 
SU 31435 
ISS! 4184 
28! 304 

SU 217! 
1002 1143 
114! 1242 
27! 24! 

05.7 897 O 

54.1 843 
1164 1243 

607 S3! 

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182.1 19095 

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157.1 147! 

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9padN9lst6) 423 46! .. 138 


Hofcan ha ioo,<tan snaaiandrawcixaiD 

ttSMUA 204 4 £19.1 -4! 049 

DBAECWnlMP 223! 2*0! -50 S42 


AmMcraFind, '180! 2052 .. Ug 

2?55?” . 3123 2292 ... 038 

DoMndMl 1391 147.1 .. 238 

AaMnhte - 171.1 1193 -02 068 

OoAccun 112! 119! -03 038 

M»Rnd ' ’ • 4792 £072 -91 4m 

aSS 5 -' -m-sti .«ia 

POAcmh 2398 2B23 -1! US 

JrauRMS 2105 2242 .. 037 

OoAoot 211.1 224! .. 037 

S5S4FPP 1452 152J . ” . 


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GaianaiMMC 135* 1*995 -1! 514 

OoAccun 2164 £2925 -24 514 

OBSnxadlne 45.4 472c -OB 940 

DdAgcubi . 59! SUe —05 940 

Mama ins hus -i! «m 

Mon EBB! 29035 -2! 437 

nraoeoa tim «i7! -07 ora 

Doracoa 1101 1204 -08 55? 

Mkn 85U 266 S -1! 137 

Da Aetna 3092 5^8 -15 137 

SmetMOnafcia 40.1 653 -04 221 

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1>A2® -12 270 

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BX 4 SOB -04 221 

436 403 —03 013 

444 47 A -92 2.13 




i V- v.v 



As* sponsor of Queens Park problem of increased xearinr 
all and 

changing a winin ng team” and winning mood, and-witb a Chy 

could /op allied to thp is soil too 1 eariyto rule 
company which, with Ernest .Guroncw oat^ " ‘ ' 

® au ^rf5kJKLi¥ ppec ‘ !?. now 1 vTJw annoiaicement that the 
one of the best supported in the companyiis to make early" 

°SL •a.I-V -• • • “■ • repayment of its 61d loanstock, 

ariSn h^° JSLtty vxxv&BZ GfonnessVbonw^ 
appointed , by yesterdays mg powers in the dtocks, is an 

rf warning- th^i sub- 

after stripp ing omthc contribu- • -Thai, takeover taDd Plus 
uonsfimn acsquistions, profits news of thedisposaTafsomeof 
^jr^:up lvan im]msave the BeB hotel ’ interests fnot 

16 per cent . Qleneagles) ensure that 

SS P ^* y *** c ^y “terest in the shares, down 7p 
pleased with the way ip which at 298ft win not wanef- - : ■ 
Martins the Newsagent., has ' r 

been integrated. Net mandns y xrr 

have already been improved VUOted UK . ■ 
from 2.5 per cent to 4 per cent. rv ' , - • ' * 

The health division has t $ lotc ^ «K : pic is a. very 
developed wdLand therewas attractive, busutess^- ftofits. 
also a good performance fiom carr ¥ n, § s dividends “all 
brewing in Britain. So often j^rd . levels. lpst yfear- 

tbe'.las^rd, draught Guiness ^ 10 

volumes in Britain increased . ■ ' ' - ’ 

by- 6 per cent against a back- . This encouraging: picture of 
ground . of generally dec lining , the British corporate scene' 
beeF sales. Margins ’ improved- emerges from - Hoare . Govett's 1 
and; with the rationalization in segregate model of .the per- 
the brewing division now fohtianoe and prospects of 1-50 
accounted for, the company companies covering 70 percent ’ 
cajr sit backhand wait for the of die stock- .market’s total *• 
benefits to come through to the capitalization. ’ 
profit Mid loss account- Byconibinin, iu malysts- 

There was only a five-week forecasts for individual com- ■ 
contnbution fiom Arthur BeU panics,' Hoare Govett has come 
and. although the ofiicia] line is up with a very optimistic view 
that everything is wing accord- of 1986.. In partfcidto^exjjects ' 
ing lo plan, there is little doubt earnings to rise by 14 tier cent 
that Guinness is disesting what That is a full five or sue points - 
it has acquired and coming to higher than some other bork- ' 
terms.wuh how to develop this ers’ are forecasting with Phil- 
addition to the impressive lips A Drew, for example, 
portfolio of gronp brand suggesting a target of 8 per 
names. cent. 

Perhaps the key for Bell will u rt9t fK «. 

be the success in international , iL“? y ■ *“-* °' htT 
markets which has eluded it in i™**. .«■ ™j"= . 

assessing how to attack the 

overseas problem, although the t0 - “nawaie perionnance. 
solutions would be readily The “chairman" of Quoted 
accessible were it to enter the UK says that th& company is 
Distillers fray. ' no longer so dependent on 

Perhaps Guinness has left an economic growth for profit 
intervention too late now that increases. He refers to “our 
the Argyll bid has been given more detached and aggressive 1 
clearance by the Monopolies management -style” which has 
Commission. The combined brougfrt about major gains in 
BeU and Distillers share of the efficiency, 
domestic whisky market - - ... ■ . ' 

approaching 40 per amt - He also Jtgbhghu the build 
might also stand m the way of up - f “ .&*■ company - 

■ n «T is no doubt .that ow tha PMt five ' 

Distillers’ international net- V 6 ***".-. •'•; 

work would give Guinness the Subsidiaries . are warned' : 
boost it needs to-deydop Bell, against gearing : up again . to 
Against" that, there is the fond a takover spree.- And the 

chairman hits out at American 
banks who . are making hup 
facilities available “to prop up 
•their loan bopksat home” with 
more profitable business here. 

■■ 'He' might just bc a chauvin- 
ist. He certainly believes that 
the- home-based subsidiaries 
.wfll-.. outpace .. their overseas 
‘ counterparts this year,. as they 
did'-m the second half of 1985. 
Domestic bliss is ■ contrasted 
. sharpy with vuininahifity to 
volatfle exchange rates. 

• Together with currency fac- 
tors, -this “could attract overseas 
predators to London,- he says. 
Even allowing fori chairman's 
natural, wish to -push up- his 
company's, .share . price, bis 
general optimism looks plaus- 
ible. - = 


Wickes is doing its best to 
escape from' hi unfortunate 
past But it faces an uphill 

' The company is the Euro- 
pean offshoot of .Wickes 
Companies Inc (WCO of 1 
America, which filed . for 
reor ganizati on under- Chapter 
T1 in . 1982. WC1 was^lis- 
charged from bankruptcy last 
January.; .- - '?'•_•■ ? 

The American parent’s diffi- 
culties did not in themselves 
■affect Wickes, which has been 
able -to stage, its' own recovery 
over the past three years or so. 
But its launch on the Unlisted 
Securities Market will un- 
doubtedly" give the .American ; 
company a boost • 

WC1 Is, however, in no 
huny to raise cash, and is 
therefore not selling any of its 
own shared in the fiotation. 
Those, on offer are new shares, 
issued to raise £6 million for 
Wickes itself. This money will 
be used to reduce borrowings, 
which stand at £5.6 million net 
of cash, and to finance capital 

sp eeding plana. . . 

Ideally .Wakes would like to - 
open five or six do-it-yourself 
stores in Britain each year. It 
now Iras 22 stores at home, 23 
in Holland and f I in Belgjufn. 

The- company is. confident 
that DIY demand will continue 
to grow, and there is loss 
e limina tion from Holland yet 
to come through. Nevertheless, 
a multiple of nearly 1 IS times 
fprepst earnings for the year, 
ending this- month 'puts Its 
firmly among "the retailers 
rather than .the timber mer- 
chants. Investors may not be so 

New Boeing 
‘will be 
than A320’ 

. From Edward. Townsend 

Boeing, the world's largest 
aircraft makee , has cliuregd that 
its new generation of propeller- 
driven -airliners for the 1990s 
will be 50 per cent more foe! 
efficient than its rival, the A320 
European Airbus. 

Boeing said the 150-seat 
airliner, the 7J7, would be 60 
per cent better on a seat-miles 
per gallon -basis than today's 
already ; highly efficient aero- 
planes such as the 757. It will 
have a price tag of $28 miHion 
(£19.4 million) at today's rates, 
considerably less than that of 

The 7J7. is due in service in 
1992, four years later than the 
A320. but Boeing said its direct 
operating costs, including main- 
tenance, crew expenses and foe! 
would -be/ at least 10 per cent 

Boeing's latest claims, made 
on the day it rolled out the new, 
bigger version of iu widc- 
bodied . 767 jet in Seattle, 
marked an intensification of the 
fierce' competition that “ is 
developing among ‘ the big 

The prize being sought by 
Bopihg, McDonnell Douglas 
and Airbus is a bigger share of 
the huge market for jets 
'expected to develop in the next 

Boeing forecasts that total 
demand would be for 4,000 
aeroplanes worth $1 35 billion. 

Boeing's 7J7 answer to the 
government-backed A320 and a 
new McDonnell -Douglas air- 
craft due in 1991. will be 
powered by prop fen engines 
currently under development by 
General Electric and Alison of 
the US. Britain's Rolls-Royce is 
developing a similar engine but 
it is not expected to "be ready 
until 1994. Although prop fans 
are stHl untried, Boeing is 
confident that the 7J7 will be as 
quiet as any of today's jets. 

The new. twin jet 767-300 
unveiled yesterday in Seattle 
can accommodate: up to 300 
passengers and provide long- 
term competition for the TA1 1, 
the four-engined long range 
airliner being proposed by 

Members of the consortium, 
including British Aerospace, are 
being pressed to make a 
decision to go ahead with The 
TA-1 1 this month 

BAe, currently deeply em- 
broiled in the Westland affair, 
won £250 million- of slate-laun- 
ched aid for its share of the 
A320 and has told .the Govern- 
ment that it would need £350 
million lo participate in ihc TA- 


Westland and interest rates 
bring attack of the jitters 

By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

Equities started with a sharp 
fell, rallied and tumbled again 
in often anxious stock market 
trading yesterday. 

■ The Government’s acute 
em harassment over the protrac- 
ted Westland affair and growing 
fears drat interest rates will be 
forced upwards again had a 
demoralizing impact on a 
market which is looking in- 
creasingly jittery. 

The two leading share in- 
dexes - mirrored yesterday's 
erratic performance. The FT 30 
share index opened with a 16.5 
points plunge. Then the Bank of 
England indicated that there 
would not be any immediate 
interest rate increase, so the 
index halved its decline and 
seemed set to continue to rally. 
But then the market started 
fretting and fussing again and 
by the dose the index was down 
14.5 points at 1,094.3 points. It 
was last below 1,100 nearly a 
month ago. 

Shares of David Dixon Group, 
the hosiery and underwear 
business, climbed lOp to 238p 
yesterday. A & J Gelfer, the tie 
and scarf maker, has 20 per cent 
of the capital and is thought to 
be near to agreeing terms for a 
bid for the rest of the shares. 

The FT-SE share index 
hovered between minus ex- 
tremes of 18.9 points and 4.6 
points. It dosril at 1,370.1 
points, also 14.5 points lower. 

Government stocks, how- . 
ever, maintained their rally. At 
the short end of the market 
early falls of up to £fe were 
halved and among longs de- 
clines of up to£l Ya were sharply 

Westland, as more shares 
were picked up by an unidenti- 
fied buyer, climbed 7p lOOp 
before easing to 95p. 

Stores remained weak. The 
December retail Sales, showing' 
a 0.3 per cent gain, were 
disappointing and the continu- 
ing chorus over interest rates 
kept buying interest lo a 

Dixons Group, ahead of 
figures today, lost 2 Op at 892p. 
At one stage ihere were rumours 
of the results being ac- 
companied by a rights issue and 
news of a major acquisition. 
Burton Group fell 27p to 501 p 
after its shareholders meeting. 

The institution-backed man- 
agement buyout at Gomme, the 
furniture group, pushed the 
shares 24p higher to 83p. 
Guinness, despite its 22 per 


London and Continental 
1 Bankers: Mr Guenther Sdunidt- 
Weyland is chainnan, Mr 
Francois Jouren, deputy chair- 
man, Mr. George Hoffman 
becomes vice-chairman and Mr 
Michael Gibbs becomes manag- 
ing director. 

Comet: Mr Leo McKee joins 
the company as personnel, 

Jebsens: Mr G C Gibbins 
becomes managing director of 




ABN Bank 

Adam A Company 


Citibank Savings — — I 

Consolidated Crds 

Continental Trust 
Co-operative Bank 

C Hoare & Co 

Lloyds Bank — 

Nat Westminster — - 
Royal Bank Scotland 
TSB ; ; — 

Citibank NA 

t Mortgage Ban Sate. 












M National 
fWBank PLC 

Notice to Preference 
Notice is hereby given that a 
dividend of 2.45p per sham for the 
haB-year ended 31 December 1935 
wi be paid on 28 Fbbwary 19B6 to 
holders of the CumuJative Prefer- 
ence Shares registered in the 
books dt the Company at tee doss 
of business' on 6 February 1988. 

B y order of tf» Board 
EB CULLEN, Secretary 
41 Lothbury, London EC2P2BP _ 
14 January W86 

Jebsens Maritime Invcftinents, 
Jebsens (UK), and Jebsens 
"Shipping. Mr L M’Btwhb 
becomes managing director of 
Jebsens Ship Management and 
a director of Jetams Maritime 
jn vestments, .Jebsens (UK)suid 
Jebsens Shipping. 

Tie Rader Mr Will HobhosM 
has. been mad6 managing 

Ewbank Preece: Mr Geoffily 
Richards and Mr Alan Plump- 
ton have beenmade directors. 

Tenby Electrical Accessories: 
Mr Tony Moeller has been 
named as managing director 

Otrex Group Holdings: Mr F 
A P Hall becomes chairman 
and chief executive. 

Denis M Dayton (Holdings): 
Mr JRass C Howard and Mr 
Antony A Ahbiss have joined 
the board. Mr Denis Clayton 
has stepped down as chairman 
and chin executive of Denis M 
Clayton and Co. Mr .John S. 
Goldsmith becomes chairman 
and chief executive. 

Denton Hall Burgjn Sc. War- 
rens : Mr Mkhaei raBott has 
been appointed director of 
adminis tration. 

Rank Xerox Mr John Duer- 
don becomes vice-president, 
European system business de- 

' Smith Kline & French Lab- 
oratories: Mr ! Alan B Sanders 
has been named vice-preside nt , 
marketing UK. 

The European Single Service 
'Association: Mr MaKphtt J 
Macpherson becomes president. 

Ramtek (UK): Mr Peter Stffl 
has b ce b made vice-president of 
European operations, Mr An- 
thony B Tuck becomes Euro- 
pean sales director and Mr. 
Stephen C Scorse European 
marketing director. 

Flour Corporation: Mr John 
A Wrahf has becorae president 
and chief operating officer. He 
succeeds Mr. Buck Mtekek who 
becomes vice-chairman. ; 

Hayters: Mr Bob. Harris 
becomes financial director. 

BES fund will help women 
to move ahead in business 

By Lawrtnce L&ver 

A- - Business -. Expanrion 
Scheme fund which aims to 
encourage women's partici- 
pation in business was launched 
yesterday. ' 

The Leading Ladies Fund 
will invest solely in companies 
run by women or which 
encourage women in business 
and commerce. , 

An investment committee 
composed of experienced busi- 
nesswomen will identify suit- 
able companies. 

Committee members are 
Miss Jennifer Laing, deputy 
chairman of Saaichi & Saatdn- 
Compoton, a subsidiary of 
Saatchi & Saatchi, the advertis- 
ing and public relations agency; 
the historian Dr June Good- 
field; Miss Louise Medawar, the 
managing director of a mad' 
order company; and Mrs Liz 
Phillips, a retailer and journal- 

.The fund was primarily the 
brainchild of Mrs . Shonaig 
Macpherson, aged 27, a com- 
mercial solicitor, whose firm 
Kna j>p-Fisher is solicitor to the 

Sbe saii “It will be concen- 
trating on ' sew or -young 
companies. It will also consider 

Leading lights 
June' Goodfield,' 

in Leading Ladies 
Jennifer Laing, Louise 
Liz Phillips. 

(from left): 
Med a war and 

business run by men, which aim 
to encourage women in busi- 

Such firms would include 
those set up to provide com- 
mercial or business training 
courses for women. 

The fund is looking for up to 
£5 million, with the minimum 
subscription for individuals set 
at £2,500. 

Target companies will be 
charged advisory fees, but 
nothing for the investment. 

Onshore oil search record expected 

.The. search for onshore oil is 
likely to set a record this year, 
after ah upsurge of exploration 
in 1985, itself a record year. 
(David Young, ; Our Energy 
Co rrfcspondent, writes). - 
A . survey by' Petroleum 
Information shows that the oil. 
companies expect to drill more 
than 100 walls this year. 

Sixty-seven were drilled last 
year, a 49 per cent increase oh 
1984. The number would have 
been' higher if several com- 

panies had not delayed explo- 
ration until the new govern- 
ment licensing system was 
drawn up. In addition, several 
experienced delays during nego- 
tiations with land owners. 

The first round of onshore 
licenses under the new system 
are to be announced in March, 
and many companies will begin 
exploratory drilling as soon as 

BP, the biggest onshore 
operator in 1985 with -responsi- 

bility for more than half the 
wells drilled, is planning to drill 
60 wells this year. Carless 
exploration, which began 20 
wells last year, plans 1 1 during 
1986, and Conoco ha9 budgeted 
for 1 6 wells this year. 

Most of the wells this year 
will be in England - only one 
well was drilled in Scotland last 
year - although Berkeley, 
Burnish and TricentroL plan to 
drill in Scotland. 

cent profits increase to £86.! 
million, eased 7p to 298p. The 
recent takeover favourite, iDav- 
enports Brewery of Birming- 
Jam- shaded 5p to 320p. L. 
Messel & Co., the broker, 
Del i eves that a Davenports 
takeover by Boddingstons’ 
Breweries of Manchester would 
make very good sense. The 
broker observes: “Both com- 
panjes have close links with 
Whitbread, which has provided 
a protective “umbrella" for 
unwelcome bids, whilst at the 
same time encouraging agreed 

Worries returned about the 
troubles in the tin market. Just 
as the City began io feci 
negotiations to settle the pricing 
problems were at last progress- 
ing. rumours emerged that talks 
had hit another blockage. 

Share prices of certain com- 
panies involved in the tin and 
other commodity trades were 
hurt. On the main lists. S & W 
Berisford and Dalgety were 
most noticeably marked down, 
falling 6p to 143p and 12p to 
208p respectively. 

Berisford, which is expected 
to report results a( the end of 
this month, must be feeling 
particularly disappointed if 
there have been further hitches. 
The group has done extremely 
well in the last accounting 
period out of the boom in coffee 
prices, but it looks as though 
write-offs against tin will spoil 
all that . 

4p at 230p. Apart from the weak 
tone of the market, there were 
also stories around the Square 
Mile that the bid from Imperial 
Group for UB will be referred to 
the Monopolies <& Mergers 

Both Imperial and UB have 
large snack food businesses 
which, together, would have 
roughly more than 50 per cent 
of the British market. UB is 
reckoned to have told the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry that it would hive off 
much of its interests if. the 
meiger goes through. 

On the engineering pitches 
there was a hefty markdown for 
Lucas Industries, down 2 Op to 
4?6p. The shares, which have 
held up well in the recent 
downturn for the stock market, 
have at last been hurt by the 
gloom in the City. 

British Aerospace was an- 
other big fuller, the shares losing 
1 3p to 453p. Despite City hopes 
that BAe was in for a strong 
share price run, the problems 
with Westland arc taking their 
loll. Market men are unhappy 
about the way in which the 
aircraft maker has been caught 
up in the Westland drama. 

Crystalate Holdings, the 
electrical group where hopes are 
high that a bid is on the way. 
rose another 7p to 1 70p. The 
shares have moved steadily 
from the 100p level since early 

News that the Department of Trade and Industry has come up with 
cash towards the Phoenix U joint- venture between British Steel 
and GuesL Keen & Nettlefolds is good both for GKN and for 
Glynwed International. The terms are better for GKN than some 
pessimists feared, and the new company, called United Engineering 
Steels, will concentrate on long-run, high- volume products. That 
will give Glynwed the chance to pick np extra short-run steel 

Both Berisford and Dalgety 
are also hurt by the current 
trend in interest rates. These 
companies are by nature highly- 
geared. Among tin miners, 
Geevor Tin dropped I2p to 46p 

Elsewhere among food pro- 
cessors and manufacturers share 
prices were weak, even for 
companies which are receiving- 
bullish mentions from analysts. 
One recent review of the sector 
has put “buy” tags on Northern 
Foods, Tate & Lyle and 
Unilever. Yesterday their prices 
were 4p .down at 268p, 13p‘ 
lower at 520p and- unchanged, 

United Biscuits saw pennies 
trimmed from its shares, down 

GEC and Plesscy shaded on 
growing fears that the GEC offer 
will go before the Monopolies 

Electron House was sus- 
pended at 125p ahead of an 
acquisition which should be 
announced tomorrow. Godfrey 
Davis was unchanged at 1 1 3p. 
after a £1 million portable 
building acquisition. McCarthy 
& Stone, builders of sheltered 
housing, fell IQp to 255p on late 
trading on worries about tele- 
vision publiciiy. 

. Southend Stadium edged 
ahead oh expectations of an. 

Continued evidence of stake 
building at Combined Tech- 

nologies Corporation pushed the 
shares 2 fsp higher to 15p. 

M S International rose 3p to 
73p alongside its trading news, 
and Edward Jones, the jewellery 
retailers, went 2p better to 80p 
for the same reason. Both, 
companies have shown an 
encouraging increase in profits. 

BAT Industries was still 
benefiting from market appreci- 
ation of its recent news. BATs 
is disposing of 40 per cent of its 
US retail businesses. The shares 
rose another 3p to 326p. 

Reuters, the news and finan- 
cial information agency, slid 8p 
lower to 360p. The group 
reports results next month and 
the shares have had a good run 
ahead in recent weeks. 

Granada, the leisure group, 
slipped 4p to 234p after 
confirmation that Ladbroke 
Group plans a merger with the 
company. Ladbroke shares were 
lOp lower at 31 3p. 

More good news for BJ5.G 
International. Its subsidiary, 
R run bold, will be glad to see the 
Civil Aviation Authority's de- 
cision to bring in new safety 
standards on. aircraft passenger 
seats this year. Rumbold specia- 
lizes in the product and should 
see sizeable benefit to sales. 

Shares in Group Lotus, the “ 
specialist car maker were on the 
move again. The price gained 
4p to 121p as speculation - 
returned about a possible stake- 
buying exercise by one of the / 
big US car companies. “ 

British Benzol Carbonising “ 
rose 4p to 73p as the City heard . 
of a visit to the company by 
institutional investors, Quilicr - 
Goodison the broker, took a - 
group of investors to have a 
close look at Benzol and its 
management yesterday. 

O Traded option volume 
reached 17,647 contracts yes ter- ’ 
day, reflecting the high level of 
business on the main market. ■ 
The stock exchange index 
option was well traded, notch- * 
ing up 2,834 contracts, as . 
investors hedged and speculated 
on Ihc direction for share 2 
indices. But BAT chalked up ^ 
the biggest individual total of 1 
ihc day. 2.990 contracts, on the . 
back of City enthusiasm for the ; 
group's recent disposals in the , 
US. The long-dated gilt option ; 
saw- 1.203 contracts traded, : 
reflecting interest rate -worries. “ 
There were few significant price . 
changes. «. 

TIES: For the year to Sept 30. with 
figures in £000. turnover was 31.622 
(34.844). while the pretax profit was 
2.528 (22208). Earnings per share 
were 39.7p ( - 34.7p). A Final dividend 
of 3.7Ip (3.22p) is being paid on 
April 10, making a iota] of 5.74p 

• HOWARD GROUP: For the 
year to Sept 30, with figures in £000, 
the pretax profit was 3.309 (1, 72b). 
Earnings per share were I6.1p (7.4). 
A final dividend of 3.5p (-) is being 
paid, making a final total of7.8p (-). 
9 RTZ: Agreement in principle has 
been reached to combine the assets 
and operations of Lomex Mining 
Corporation and Cominco in the 
Highland Valley of British Colum- 

9 GODFREY DAMS (Holdings): 
The Company's rem-a-unit division 
has acquired two Yorkshire portable 
buildings companies for a iota) of 
just over £1 million. They arc the J 
D Bridges Group, of Mexbonough. 
and Thomham Mobiles (UK), of 

• HAMPTON TRUST: A total of 
4,945.455 new ordinary shares are 
to be issued, credited as felly paid, 
as consideration for the acquisition 
of the 87-year head leasehold 
interest in Phase 2 of the Edmonton 
Green shopping centre, London let 
to Enfield Council. 

Mason, a subsidiary, has purchased 
over 90 per cent ofthc share capital 
of Blakes Paints for £604,137 cash 
on compleiition. 

• SINTROM: The company has 
acquired the stocks and intellectual 
property rights of Norrie Hill from 
its receiver for £200.000 cash. 

The draft unaudited accounts of 
Norrie for the year April 30, 1985, 
show a pretax loss of £214.000. 

The company has acquired Orga- 
lech Lighting and Kensal CoUccuod 
Electric Fires groups. 

■annual premiums for the Equity and 
Law Group last year rose by nearly 
22 per cent to £45.1 million and 
single premiums by II per cent to 
£1)9.3 million. 

Isdown has received acceptance of 
its offer in respect of 2,066.806 Pyke 
ordinary (44.84 per cent) shares, 
taking its stake to 50.11 per cent. 
The offer is now unconditional. 

• VOLVO: The company is 
seeking to acquire the Swedish stale- 

controlled brewery group. Pripps, in 
which it presently holds a 25 per 
cent stake. 

Shareholders in Marshall's 
Universal arc to have a poll vote on 
January 22 on the company's 
proposed acquisition of 49 per cent 
of Skclmcrsdalc Packaging with an' 
'option on the remainder after 
opposition to a show of hands vote 
by ihc new shareholder. British 
Syphon Industries. 

company is planning lo seL up a 
joint venture with Chong Kun Dang 
Corporauon for the manufacture, 
marketing of existing and new 
pharmaceutical products of Glaxo 
in Korea. The new company is 
likely to trade under the name cf 
Glaxo Korea Co. from April. 

9 WHEW AY: Mr E. R. Jeys, the 
chairman, says in his annual rtpon 
that the company has eliminated 
all lussmakers by disposal or 
reorganization and it expects to 
achie\e a satisfactory level of profit 
in the current vear. 

ENGINEERING: The management 
group and the company have agreed 

10 acquire ihc 48 per cent interest in 
the company previously held by the 
'National Enterprise Board, a part of 
the British Technology Group. BUE 
now becomes a subsidiary of the 
reorganized company. 

9 STEAD & SIMPSON: For the 
half-year to Sept 30. with figures in 
£000. turnover was 31.415 (28.848). 
while the pretax profit was 2,491 
(2.477). Earnings per share before 
tax. were 4.2p (4.3p). An interim 
dividend of 1. 1 p (Ip) is being paid 
on Feb 21 and the final is expected 

with figures in £000. gross revenue 
was 1.668 (1.394). while the pretax 
p c venue was J.484 (1.255). Earn- 
ings per share, were 10.39p (8.79p). 
A final dividend of 7.4p (6.2p) is 
being paid on March 4. making a 
total of 10. 1 5p ( 8.7pL 

For the half-year to Sept 30. with 
figures in £000. the pretax loss was 
477 (loss 29 1 ). Losses per share were 






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Three leading 
miss workout 
at Lord’s 

V 'r ;v- ,! ;-V • ■ v ■ $ ■> 

: '.j- . -‘ v ; • -.•* f. ! :p 

hfrt'i iji 

David Gower, Graham 
Gooch and Ian Boiham, poss- 
ibly England’s three key men in 
West Indies this spring, had 
vastly differing reasons for 
missing yesterday’s pre-tour 
work-out at Lord’s. 

Gower, the captain, learned 
on his return from a holiday in 
the north Italian Alps that his 
mother had died. HU planned 
meeting with the tour manager, 
Tony Brown, had to be cut 
short and the net session was 
run by the assistant manager. 
Bob Willis, and the vice-cap- 
tain, Mike Gatling. 

Brown said: “We don't 
expect to see David now until 
the tour party gets together for 
departure at the end of next 
week”. Gower, an only son, lost 
his father some years ago. In the 
autumn he bad to return home 
early from a Caribbean holiday 
because his mother fell ill. 

Gooch is at present on 
holiday in the United Slates 
while Botham was at Land's but 
did not train because he had 
another engagement at the 
House of Commons. Botham 
was invited by the Prime 
Minister to a reception to mark 
his pre-Christmas walk from 
John O'Groats to Land's End. 
Also present were the Somerset 
all-rounder's three fellow walk- 

Fears over disruptions to the 
tour, especially in Trinidad, 
remain, but Donald Carr, the 
secretary of the Test and 
County Cricket Board, has been 
comforted by talks with his 
West Indian counterpart Steve 

Unions on the island are 
threatening to make life as 
difficult as possible for England, 
but Carr commented: ‘Tm told 
the reports are somewhat 

David Smith, the Worcester- 
shire batsman who was one of 
the surprise selections for the 
tour, summed up the players' 
view when he said: "Our job is 
to play cricket and we hope we 
can do that It promises to be 
such a great series that it would 
be a terrible shame if there are 

West Indies 


Port Of Spain, (Reuter) - The 
West ladies Cricket Board of 
control (W1CBC) have defended 
their decision to let five players 
with South African links take 
part in England's tour of the 
West Indies, starting next week. 

In a statement yesterday the 
WICBC said the International 
Cricket Conference (ICC) had 
already taken strong action to 
isolate South Africa and unilat- 
eral action by the WICBC 
would not help. The five players 

who played in South Africa had 
already served three-year sus- 
pensions* from the international 
game under the Gleneagies 
agreement against apartheid in 
sport, it said. 

In the West Indies cricketers 
who play in Sooth Africa are 
banned for life. Critics of the 
inclusion of the five English 
players say the ban should also 
apply to them. 

The Trinidad-based Com- 
mittee in Defence of West 
Indian Cricket (CIDWIC), a 
grouping of three influential 
trade unions, have sought a 
boycott of all matches on the 
island and threatened to make 
the tourists* stay as uncomfort- 
able as possible. 

The English team are due to 
arrive on January 26 for an 11- 
week tour, including five Tests, 
four one-day internationals and 
five first-class matches. Two of 
the Tests are doe to be played in 

Milk money 
into schools should 
raise cream to the top 

By Pat Botcher 

confirmed their support for national schools’ c&ampioriahips, 

present double-worid' recorf holder, 
Steve Cram. Yesterday's Press 

schools »thl KTies ' with a~£l mill i o n 

feSs orSS g oiter pomisot 

of the 

fixtures this -year because 
teachers' industrial action. - 

The NDC, who pulled out of the 
football MDk Cup after four years, 
have been - sponsoring schools 
athletics with £645,000 overthe last 
seven years. And the continuation 
of that support until 199 1 will direct 
£750.000 into the English Schools’ 
Athletic Association, £60,000 into 
the much smaller Welsh Schools’ 
Athletic . Association, and - £24,500 
into .the British Schools’ Inter- 
national Athletic Board. . 

The extensive dub system is 

who began their careers in school 
championships, Kathy. Cook, Phil 
Brown, Judy Simpson and Gaps 

But there are two douds rathe 
horizon of potential .future success. 

The smaller one is that, in the short . 
term, the teachers’ industrial action 
will prihbty mean , that several 
tfyint for the PnflH*h schools cross* 
country championships in Durha m 
on March 22 will have to be selected 
without a county face. 'But, more 
Neil Dickinson, the 

worryingly for 

often ched as' the reason % the- secretary of the English Schools AA, 
continuing success of athfattcS in ^ j^n Hedge, the chairinan of 

Britain. The clubs certainly provide' 
a more than adequate framework 
for participation, and the national 
leagues have not only contributed to 
much administrative change in the 
past decade but also maintained a 
high level of competition, for 
international athletes within a 
domestic framework. . 

But for the individual, which is 
the level at which this sport 
operates, the schools’ champion- 
ships. with their high-pressure 
competition, have often, been the 
proving ground leading . to, an 
Olympic title.. 

Daley Thompson^ Sebastian Coe 
and Steve Ovett are the most recent 
Olympic champions to have first 

the National (Council for School 
Sport, is that those teac h ers whose 
extnHainicular presence 'usually 
ensures that such as the, county 
championships lakes place -may 
have found other tilings to do when 
the teachers’ dispute is resolved.',' 

On the positive side Dickinson, 
who has seen the English and Welsh 
aimiMi fixutre list rise from four to 
14 since the advent, of /NDC 
sponsorship in 1^79 and the one 
millionth badge in the Milk in- 
Action scheme (awarded yesterday), 
foresees "expansion of the coaching' 
courses, more international oampe- 
titioh. and possibly annual mufti- 
events and indoor championships’*. 

Two-way stretch: Edmonds warms np at Lord's with assistance of trainer Laurie Brown 

Award schemes hit 
by teachers’ dispute 

try tolfire 


John Fashaaa, MDbrdEb V,, . 
forward, yesterday drifted iW 
bad been offered £350*0f§ trnw£ 
South Africa and Oat ottoftBi 
second dh i rian Learn 
also ton »W«toawl 
te public. * 


Faahamk* wbo~ ton***** 
offer, said that ' he hfcT J 
contacted by 'a ■ coesrfW «*£g 

businessman- and another wfcw 
connected with the Sottfo Afifc*! 
gufemiiieiit. • 

He . also clamed dud ba y 
rnformatiott thaf theSocth Afcfcm 
Grewnmeni -had set. aside ^ 

ccttontRS nmaonra -afttiy - 
Fashano sold that h*b*ftw*a 
down tinker became of hkvkiR 
on apartheid and that after ohm! 
bad offBEed Ihr more iuaieK uv u 

'i “* *** Mtonaded^rhe aaM. m," 

incrediUkl don’t tUttkt 

wfll ever -be offered ftjit sort «f 
timre-pajm cut. T was wry, very 
affirurisesL. ", . 

- Fashaoa said Oitf-kt •«. 
rereaiing the existence rrf.the efe 
beowse ~afl around as l ire tifcfct 
toon being endangered, rngby tenn 
being called off and nothing u jg 

atot ' football, '■ yvherem seoetfr 
tiima are people recruking bfe sto 
a -the EngBsh. first and -netted 
iHrision to go to So nth Africa, sat 
nobody, knows about tt,' whkh h 
wrong". ' 

- More football, page 25 ' 




London call 
off tour 

rir 1 

make a 

• Tony Brown, the manager of 
the England team that sets off 
for the Caribbean on Saturday 
week, yesterday gave his rea- 
sons for thinking that the West 
Indies may be about to be 
replaced as the world’s top 

He said at a Press conference 
to launch the sponsorship of the 
Test series by Cable and 
Wireless: “The West Indies 
have a tremendously powerful 
team, but 1 think that England 
might upset their apple-cart. In 
the past. England have played 
really well - some people will 
say that India and Australia 
were not that good, but you can 
only beat the team in front of 
you. We now have world-class 
batsmen in our top six, an 
excellent spin attack and fast 

bowlers wanting to 
name for themselves.” 

He revealed that there is still 
no agreement about over rates 
for the five-match Test series, 
but talks are continuing. “Our 
board are constantly pressing 
the point.” he said. “But the 
lactic of not having a minimum 
number of overs is one that all 
teams have used when it suited 

O Geoff Boycott played a ^ 

straight bat yesterday to reports physiotherapist 
that he is unwelcome as a 
commentator on England's 

cricket tour of West Indies. 

The former England opener is 
expected to cover the tour, due 
to start in 1 1 days, but is said to 
be unwelcome in the Caribbean 
because of his links with South 
Africa. One union leader in 
Trinidad has already warned 
that Boycott is hated and would 
be better off staying at home. 

But as the unflappable York- 
shi reman flew out from Heath- 
row to Miami with his com- 
panion Anne Wyatt he said “I 
honestly haven’t heard these 
stories - you know more than 
me. 1 don’t think 
comment I'm going on 
but if the lour goes on, 
to say there's every chance I will 
be following it in some ca- 

England B recover but captain 
could be out for some time 

By Jolw Good body 

Colombo (AFP) - Mark Nicholas, 
the England B captain, is almost 
certain to miss the next tour match 
against the Sri I-mloin Board 
President's XI here tomorrow, and 
must be doubtful for the first 
international starting on January 20. 

Nicholas limped off the ‘field 
yesterday after scoring just a single 
in the second innings of England's 
drawn match against the Sri Lankan 
Colts XI and a pulled groin was 
diagnosed by the team's 

The injury came at the end of a 
poor match for England. Starting 
the day needing seven runs to avoid 
the follow-on. They soon lost Cook, 
bowled for two. 

But untroubled batting from 
Steven Rhodes, who took two hours 
for his 21 not out, together with 
support from David Lawrence, saw 
England to relative safely. 

The Colts second innings started 
slowly, as if they intended to bat out 
the match, but by mid-afternoon 
they had accelerated to 102 for five. 

and declared, leaving England 23S 
to win in 40 overs. 

Wiif Slack agin played the seam 
bowlers wdl, but when the let-arm 
spin of Anurasiri was introduced, 
his first ball turned sharply to bowl 
the Middlesex opener. 

When Barnett and Randall fell to 
poor shots, and Nicholas retired 
hurt. England were in danger of 
further embarrassment. However, 
Bill Afbey played with increasing 
confidence, and when play finally 
ended, with England 94 for three, he 
was 53 not out. 

SRI LANKAN COLTS: Rr*t tankas: 247 (A 

K Barnett kHwAmaJoan . 

W Stack c Rodrioo b AnnoH. 

*S Rhodes i 

TTrsnMt Hhv Anwyski. 

D Lawrence at WUCsingha b Aruniakl. 




FALL OF 1MCKET& 8-83. 8-112. 

BOWLING: Amatoan 19-4-51: R amana y a k a 
12-6-15-2: AiwaaM 234-8-38- S; Jurano- 
patfry 3-2-2-0. 

Rarurtun^a ^120._A^ww 3 tar 57, Prints 3 tor 

JlOr 55). 

Second tonkins 
M m Hagt c Rhodes b Agnsw 

□ Rsnatwiga c Athoy b Trenton 

S Antonte not out. 

H TMetarama not out 






Second hminga 

KBamsttb Rodrigo— 

W Stack bAnwanrl 

1M Ntetwias iM Hut. 

D Randall stWfcfeahrfiBb Arangptdiy. 
D Pringle not out . 

Total (2 wkts d#c) . 

Extras p-b 2. nhbi) . 

The teachers’ dispute has' dis- 
rupted proficiency award schemes 
for schoolchildren and could lave a 
harmful long-term effect on British 
sport. Many of the 45 schemes are . 
pan of the extra-curricufar activities 
which have been affected by 
industrial action. 

The Central Council for Physical - 
Recreation, whose Sports Leader ' 
award scheme, has been curtailed, 
and the Sports Council, lament the 
situation in state schools. John 
Wheatley, the director general, said 
that the Sports Council were 
‘greatly disappointed that the 
proficiency awards were suffering.” 

Gymnastics has been particularly 
severely hit Their scheme, aimed at 
improving basic techniques, reaches 
27,000 schools, but there has been 
rfin 85 per cent' decrease in badge - 
sales over the last six months. . 

In swimming, 'which is taught' 
during school houra, the number of 
awards has risen slightly. But John 
Verrier, the education officer of the 
Amateur Swimming... Association 

coach the sport **We are going to 
have fewer qualified instructors,” he 

Even athletics, whose Esso Five 
Star award scheme was hagely- 
completed in July before industrial 
action escalated; ins been -hurt 
Freddie Keen, the national adminis- 
trator, .says: . “The result Of- the 
dispute has been- patchy but overall 
there has been a 20 per- cent, drop 
from 1.2' million to one million 
awards in 1985 ” 

Tennis has yet to kimefa an award 
scheme. But 1985 had been planned 
as the year, for significant develop- 
ment in school tom, and it pro ved 
impassible^ Four major.- schools 
competitions hqd' smaller.' entries,' 
with- the Nesd&V junior national 
tournament attracting 15 per cent 
*wer .players. Jim Coates, the 
executive officer - of the British 
Schools- Lawn' Tennis Association, 
is- more -worried about the lasting 
impacts . . 

. Teachers are ow. realizing how 
pleasant life can be if, they go home 

London Cdanties have followed 
the lead set by the British Lions and 
called off a propbsed tour to Sooth 
Africa in May. , v. . 

ReSer Yananton, rhniminn of iljr 

London : RFU toins cqtpmittre, 4 . 
I said: “It is with regret that London 
now considers such a tour to be 
inappropriate at this time;” 

He - added that the wwomintf 
very much hoped that mare 
favourable climate will .prevail - in - 
the future.” 

He added that the oomoittee 
arrived at. their decision after. the 
[ invitation by Transvaal had been 4 
discussed in- “much deiail” at a. 
meeting os Monday night. 

The Lions lour was calkd off tot 
month to the relief oforganisen of 
the .commonwealth- games,-, which 
will be held in Edinburgh in July. 
More Rugby Union, page 25 




land the. 1972. Olympic team . at 3J0 pm. without r unning rfnfrs 

atv-nit th.- _ 


R Juranpothy, tA Ranatunga, P.Rcxkldo, *Q 
D Anwaarl, C Ramanayaka 

Total (3 trios). 


Wcki a i Mtun gha, 0 
and K Amataan <fld not t»L 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21.2-83. 
BOWLING: Agnew 9-1-17-1; 
8-2-27-0: Cook 82-3-35-0; 


*S Rhodoa, TTramtaB. N Cook, D Uwranca, T 

FALL, OF WICKETS: lr-11, 2-^2, 3r-5fl. . ... 
BOWLING: Amataan 5-0-28-0; Ramanayaka 
8-4— 8—0: Anuraski 10-2-32-1; Rodrigo 4- 
2-4—1; Jurangpathy 8-0-24-1.' 

manager, is still concerned about 
long-term effects because , fewer 
teachers are attending courses in' 
their smre time to learn bow 'to 

and. sports. This may continue after 
the disp ute ends: The longer the 
dispute continues, the m o r e deep— - 
rooted this .attitude will become.” 

French in 
at the 
deep end 

j?eis on 


Sue Mott on Australia’s cricketing eccentric . 

■gS Enthusiast who is turning sport 
Down Under on its head 

need to stay alert 

From John Ballantine, Palm Springs, California 

Australia’s miserly 
bowlers do trick 

Sydney (Reuter) - Australia 
increased their lead in the World 
Series Cup table here yesterday with 
a four-wicket win over New 
Zealand. They bowled out their 
opponents for 152 with four balls of 
the allotted 50 overs left and then 
scored 153 for six off 45.1 overs. 

It was the second victory in three 
days for Australia, who also 
defeated India, the one-day World 
Cup champions, at the wre'kend by 
four wickets. Australia now lead the 
table with five points from three 
matches. India have two points 
from two games and New Zealand 
one point from three. 

The Australians once again had 
their &sl bowlers to thank for their 
success. New Zealand, sent in to bat, 
made heavy weather of their innings 
from the outset and took 20 avers to 
raise their scoring raie above two 
runs per over. Wickets fell at regular 
intervals and only Jeremy Coney, 
the captain, stayed any length of 

Coney struck a defiant 58 off 86 
balls before playing a misdirected 
hook shot into the hands of Boon. 
He had helped pull the score round 
from 84 for six. 

Dave Gilbert, who won the man- 
of-the-match award, took five 
wickets for 46 and was well 
supported by Simon Davis, with 
two for 17. McDermott also bowled 
splendidly, although he did not lake 
a wickcL conceding only 21 runs in 
his nine overs. 

Batting under floodlights, Austra- 
lia also made slow progress and 
suffered some anxious moments. 
With (he score 88 for four, Greg 
Ritchie was dropped at slip by 
Coney when he was 25. He 
subsequently went on to make 68 
and was only out when Australia 
were two runs away from victory. 

Ritchie, who was also caught 
behind off a no-bail when 50, faced 

What is the Antipodean 
world coining to? The latest 
Australian sports hero wears a 
diamond ear-ring. That may be 
old hat on the playing fields of 
England, where the likes of 
Charlie Nicholas are fond of 
ear-lobe decoration, but on the 

92 balls and shared a partnership of cricket ovals of Australia, where 

64 in 53 minutes with Sieve Waugh. 
Wayne Phillips' ran of failure with 
the bat continued, but he enjoyed 
his best day of the season behind the 
stumps, having a hand in four 

The competition moves to 
Melbourne tomorrow with a day- 
night match between Australia and 

the macho never retire hint, 
Greg Matthews has been a 


J G WrigW m Pnsips b Matthews 

B A Ertgar c Recta b Oavta..-. — . — 

MD Crowo cPhnmbGtaWt 

J F Re«l e PtrilkM b Waugh . 

J J Crowe c Marsh b Raid 

•J V Coney c Boon b Gitaan . 


R J Hadta c Phffips h GflSwt 

•E B McSweaney b Gdbert . 

5 GiEasora c Matmews b Dana 
EJChatMd notout._ 

Extras [I *-2. rvW.w-3). 

- 8 

Total |i92overa) 152 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-18. 5-42. 4-14, 
5-68. 6-84. 7-140. 8-144, 8-147, 10-152. 
BOWLING: McDermott 9-3-21-0: Davts 82-3- 
17-2: GiDen iO-tMG-5; MatttMwi 10-1-17-1; 
Waugh 3-0-12-1. RaU 9-037-1. 

A former Worcestershire ail- 
ronnder, daring one of many 
summers spent in England, 
Matthews is suddenly the toast 
of his homeland for being able 
to keep bat and pad together 
when all around him. Border 
excepted, are falling apart. His 
performances in the last two test 
series, against India and New 
Zealand have swiftly elevated 
him from ground door recruit to 
penthouse pet of the selectors. 
His position in the Australian 
Test team is now only one 
degree less assured than that of 
bis captain. Allan Border. 

A recent poll in Sydney 
among children gave him 90 per 
cent of their rapturous votes - 
and it was not simply because of 
his two Test centuries dais 
season and an admirable cache 
of eight wickets. 

He is a character in his own 
right Dancing, s ingin g, strum- 
ming his bat like a guitar and 
chatting non-stop to team- 
mates, be has become a rare and 
refreshing distraction from 
Australia losing cricket matches. 

The Packer TV channel that 
covers the Tests has bequeathed 
him the ultimate accolade, a 
film dip of his most eccentric 
moments choreographed to the 
Hoodoo Guru's Record “Like 
Wow! Wipeout”. 



D C Boon tow b Gtaspw 

G R Ma/sn c McSwmney b CharfMd - 

’A R Bortiar st McSwwm b BracewtoH... 

G M Ritcta e MeSwwfwy o Hid ta 

TW B PfuSps e Coney b Hadiea 

S R Waugh not out 

G R Manrews e M D Cram b crwtftod... 
C J McDermott not out 

And it is all the more 
astonishing in the land that 
loved Lillee because G. R. J. 
Matthews is a deviation from 
the butch and beery norm. It 
might be the ear-ring, or the 
calf-high soede boots, or the 
one-time Mohawk haircut. 

The Wipeout is apt It is 
almost what happened to his 
Test career in 1983. He scared 
75 against Pakistan and took 
four wickets on his debut, only 
to shatter his new-found repu- 
tation by petulantly disputing 
the umpire’s leg-before decision. 
The ancients were apoplectic; 
the crust of cricketing custom 
cracked from end to end. 

Extras (1-0-5. n-b-Z. » 

Total (8 wkts) 


FALL OF WICKET 5: 1-34, 2-41. 3-72. 4-87. 

BOWUNG: HadM 10-0-42-2; ChalMd 10-3- 
21-2. Gtaapla 7. 1-030-1-. Braoswofl 10-2-29-1; 
Corny 54-154 M D Crowe 3-1-1 1-0. 

Whatever it is. he is adored and 
worshipped by the younger 

But Matthews apologized and 
went on to tour to the West 
Indies. Journalists on the same 
tonr recall him being about as 
socially acceptable to his team- 
mates on the islands as 
Robinson Crusoe. u We'd never 

New lease at Oval 

Chappell rejects 
manager offer 

Surrey County Cricket Club have 
signed a new 15-year lease with the 
Duchy of Cornwall at the Oval and 
will start negotiations shortly about 
possible longer term solutions for 
the future of the ground. 

Sydney, (AP) - lan Chappell, the 
former Australian captain, has 
turned down the post of team 
manager far the Australian team, 
the Sydney Morning Herald re- 
ported’ on Tuesday. Chappell. 42 on 
Monday, declined an offer from the 
Australian Cricket Board to replace 
team manager Bob Merriman, who 
completes ail 18-month term of 
office in March, the paper said. 

Hereford return 

After an absence of two seasons. 
Worcestershire Cricket Club arc 10 
stage a county match at the 
Racecourse Ground. Hereford. 
They will meet Gloucestershire in 
the John Player Special League on 
Sunday, July 27. 

Occasion for seniors 

ChappcIL who has 8 contract as a 
television commentator that ex- 
tends io 1987, said: “If 1 do a job I 
want to do it properly, I don't like to 
do any job on a part-time basis and 
there would have been no other way 
in the present circumstances.” ACB 
Chairman. Fred Bennett, said ihat 
the board had approached Chappell 
about the job and not made a firm 

seen anything like it 
said Border. 

Undoubtedly, he ad a rum 
figure and the reaction of bis 
team-males stung him. “It 
worried me tremendously. I felt 
very much the outsider. Some I 
got on very well with, but on the 
whole I felt I wasn't really 
accepted and it affected my play 
because I drink it's easier when 
you receive positive vibes.” 

Thankfully for the 26-year- 
old New South Welshman mad 
the remaining shreds of Aumde 
pride, the vibes are not only 
positive but ecstatic these days. 

Matthews scored his maiden 
Test century against New 
Zealand in November and 
delighted his audience with 
wild war dance of celebration. 
From that moment on it seemed 
that he became something of a 
folk-hero to the success-starved 
sports fans down under.* 

In general though, he admits 
he is trying to tone down his on- 
field act to the disappointment 
of -the pop press that fondly 
calls him “the flannelled fool** 
and the “boogying bowler.” 

“A bloke today called me the 
villaige idiot and that happens 
all the time,” be said regretfolly 
after the last Test against India 
at Sydney. M X don’t strum my 
guitar any more and I do less 
dances and that disappoints me. 
But I'm trying to please people.” 

His widely publicized lore of 
rock music, however, he flatly 
refuses to renounce. “Music 
soothes die savage beast they 
say. so it must do something for 
me,” he said. 

Despite Iris on conventional 
deportment \>n the field. Mat- 
te ws has endeared himself even 
to the traditionalists by his 
fierce love o( the game. ; His 
enthusiasm is unbounded and he 
has a string of stories to his 
credit It is said, for instance, 
that on his Test debut be came 
in at number seven to join 

Graham Yailop, who was 
amassing 268 runs - the highest 
individual score ever In a a 
match between Australia and 
Pakistan, and strolled up to his 
senior and p r omp tly advised 
him on 

Club golfers over SO will have 
their own national seniors' cham- 
pionship this year, thanks to a new 
sponsorship by Clerical Medical 
Life Assurance. Clubs in the UK 
will be invited to stage their awn 
qualifying events and the winners i-w .-••:***> - 

will go forward into regional finals. \ • 

The national fin *i wDl be held at St ’■■•• • * n 

Mefoon, Cornwall, on October -3 Matthews: the “boogying bowler** who is now folk-hero 

im oa strokeplay. 

England may find themselves 
on the receiving end of' his 
enthusiasm when they tom 
Australia neat winter. Ebr all 
his quirks and iodiridualisBq 
Matthews is as serious about 
winning as be is about the game, 
and he feds pretty strongly 
about that “If they took cricket 
away from me I would really, 
straggle to exist on earth,” he 

Pro-am golf is, as Americans say, 
“something else”. ' Something very 
different, certainly, from that simple 
business of thwacking balls over the 
sand dunes of Scottish coasts which 
started the whole thing off hundreds 

of years agOL , 

I would give a lot la see the 
expressions on the feces of Old Tom 
Morris or even James Braid. Could 
they but materialize here over the 
next five days to watch the 
on in the. 27th Bob Hope: 

What would they make I wonder, 
of Hope's electric caddie cart, frilly 
equipped with re!frigerated tocklail 
bar and with a bonnet shaped like 
the comedian's nose? Or the 384 
rich hackers, all of. whom have 
contributed- - several , thousand, 
pounds each to charity for the 
doubtful privilege of accompanying 
128 leading professionals over the 
four . courses' in succession of 
Bermuda Dunes. HJDorado, Indian 
Wells and La- Quinta? But the TO 
leading professionals return to the 
Danes on Sunday to oonipete for a 
£450,000 purse with a first prize of 
£75,000. a runner op’s £44,700 with 
even the 11th man setting. more 
than £10,0)0. 

.- No wonder last year's finish was 
so desperately fongkt, . Lanny 
Wadkms finally beating Craig 
Stadler on the fifth hole of ^sudden - 

.death* after they had- scored final 
rounds of 65 ana 66 respectively to 
tic oh. a record 333 for 90 holes. 

Path/ Australia (AFI^ - French '-j:.' 
Kiss, oneoftwo French challengers. - ~:~‘- 
for -the 1987 America’s Cup, to be r.rszi 
staged -here, win compete in the--’;-- 
woridl2Hnefns championships here"* - m ~ m : — 
next month, although her crew took - 
possession rffher omy two days ago. ■ 

Syndicate officials confirmed •' : 
yesterday that the new boat was a 
definite starter and the skipper,.; - 
Marc Pajot, and baa brew were said -z^r. ' 
to .be excited at the prospect of 
sailing the Philippe Brand design, 
completed in. October, in the . ^ - 
vigorous south-westerly breezes in . 

the Indian Ocean. .. . , ' .1 . 

Tbe i2rtnetre.was being checked . “i:. 
out at her berth in the Fremantle' 


and _ 

mention Galvin Peete, last week’s 
winer and Greg Norman -are Jbere to 
enjoy II 

Lyle is in the celebrity field which 
starts at La Quinta today arid the 
Open champion will play with 
hand icap .“wizardsT Eke --Hope 
himself .'arid Congressman ..Tip 
O’Neill, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, (both 18K- Jack. 
Lemmon (17X exrPresident Font 
and Telly Savalas (16), Mickey 
Rooney(12) and Glen Campbell^j. 

Langer and Peter OostEriiuisT who 

lives a few mites away at Mission 
Hills where he is a -highly popular 
professional, are at Indian Wells. 
“Oosty”, who is 38 in March; came 
third behind SHI Rodghra in 1978 
and had a poor season last year, 
» 130th w' ' 

ending up 130th with $41yB05. 

the main preocc u pation of many 
of the professionals may beta dodge 
the bells of their wud,. inexperi- 
enced. but undoubtedly enthusiastic 
amateurs. Some years ago Spiro 

Agnew, the vice president, miaoued 

a. three wood and bis ball drew .{give crews-- preparing - .for-- the 
blood from Doug Sanders's head, j America's Cup a foretaste of the cul- 

wfll be accompanied by her Wesiern- 
Austrnlian-built tender. Kiss me 
Tender, on ber first official sail here 
immed i a tely afterwards. 

; ^Oow membefcs have beta 
training here for-one to six weeks, 
arid believe - they can acquit 
themselves .; wefl," -a - syndicate 
spokesman siucL The boat was 
sailed in France for, six weeks before 
being transported to Australia. 

: It was soft not certain whether she 
would be renamed, but there was 
growing confidence in the camp tbat 
the International Yacht _ Racing 
Union in London would be lenient, 
at least for the world champforahips 
starting on February 7.- ' * 

The other French boor' challeng- 
ing for the America's Cup, 
skippered by PqjutV brother Yves, 
has withdrawn man the world event 
because of financial problems. 

The Royal -Perth Yacht .Club-have 
received 16 ■ entries; for the world 
12s, -to be staged from FebruatyTto 
20 •on-'ar -triangular •'••opiBW off 
Fremantle, the seaport for Ferth- . 
The'' - world c&ampbn&np vnfl 

'45 r- 





throat competition they can expect. 

*lm ends battle oyer ball 

but the world championship will b e 
to more than a pretimvnajy. work- 
out before the serious tous&tess of 
competing for the America’s Cup- . 


in 1978 and the' USGA nrotied by-J 
introducing a standard to deal wixh 
the aerodynamics of self correcting 
balls. . ' 

A' 1984 district court ruling left 
' the USGA feeing a 15 million bill 
for damages aria expe n s e s- With 

Four Australian syndicates are 
vying for the. honour of defendrag 
the cup on behtffortbe Royal *“?h 
Yacht Club. The Austnfian de- 

The Doited 'States Golf Associ- 
ation (USGA) has, paid out almost 
£1 million to end a seven-year legal 
battle against a golf ball - which it is 
claimed can correct itself in flight to 
limit hooking and slicfog. 

Thc-oui-of-bourt settlement wfth , . ... . — .. . . _ .. 

the Folara Company crimes after expenses already topping S L.7 r— .—x-* ^ ^ 

two trials and two appeals and P 3 ^ 08 the governing toocb' of golf fenders will race a 8*< ^ < ”P^ 
— — ■*-. •WT. . in The United States derided with m an chmmatioai senes . sxartmg 

‘extreme reluctance’- to settle out of eariy in October. 

c otat te fore die next round, of legal- ' At the same time; the 14o«wseas 

- . - • • . challfinaefs wfll hold their efinrin^ : 

tit tontams ns inno- atiem series under the 

wi th the the Sardinia-based yRCht dub, t O^ 
Golf BaH Manufocmicrs Assoa- SmeraWa, backed fay toe AtoKhat 

..... 'whit* has been' flamed 

, . 5m ce establishing, a symmetry recmxL 

w Tltt two GmSffi win bf 

w«eKfnded from the approved list approved lisL The amcuat paid annowtoed on An£trafia. pay at 

fimn USGA fimds to the Polara ^of January 1987, The AnJenca> 

pAmi M.... hi! ; Am * - - -hatflfl Ofl 


^ ■ ' • 

BUU. fcyu djjpous a qq 

[legal tilling on Poiara’s 
e USGA had conspired 

before a final] 
claim that the 

with the American Golf 

Mann&cturers Association to re- 
strict the sale of the company's 
products. - 

. ■- 

?* te?..-* n---* . 

Polara first launched their ‘sdf 
correcting ball - in 1977. bat. 

of golf balls. 

Polara launched an anti-trust suit- 

aa^ : - 

Company « S1375 rnfflioiL- 


.Cup -final series. wifl/.lW 0 ,.^ 
j January 3! and will he decided to 
the besr of seven Taces. : 

Griffiths ousts Davis 

Jour record' of 51.151 kfloradres 

JM4 - Bras °’ s 
nutoa,. awi Tug feme dense about 
pollution levds.hxvc won JdtoT no 
Mexican friends. 

Terry Griffiths, who has been 
straggling to find his .form this 
^ea a oo , qualified for the semi-finals, 
of the Belgian Masters tournament 
by defeating the former world 
cfaatoPKMf Sieve Davis, 5-2 «' 
Ostead yesterday. ' v .; r- 
Mexicans are less titan auhusi- 
wtic about the Wei- German 
Gregor Braun’s world oue-bour 
cycling record attempt A handful 

riftriedptu for his fitikd attempt last 
December but the Olympic Vdo- 
tirome in Mexico City could be 

(pSA) to ensure tbostarintwy: 
toec cfcar week* betimSeS 

lnlian. rider Francesco Moao, -was --Automobile ■ 
cheered on by thousands to the one-: Kenya. 



Heading the ritafleutfas-js the Su.- 
Ditgo Yacht 'Clab 5 * Sfil'Anterio 
pMmdation, vfooseidcqjpei; peg* . 
Conner, is out to avenge hi* 

■ , . 




unuonfc Dpparnm n*» 
dottafc Raw annotate, wmatog.-* 


wnownsta snow on a tonJwu->qf*r ] 


[ton -tana Vortical 


tawwvaawi wt anoa r an J1 | *” 

a fcm h— Ii— S SgAait 

^ l,:. 

-ton tank Vortical mi* .v 

- .'**1 : 

’ j y* 

■y w mum on a nin.u— ■ -zl* 

TMt Ha- raatfe Mgtt-wxM' wm : 

I _ 

* * * * -fie 





'Altrincham rally 
; to become the 
non-League team 
Of the decade 

By Dennis Shaw 

Bjnnutaham City ~ 1 

AHrincnam . .. .... 2 

Altrincham, of the Go la 
heaped new indignities 
on Bnxningfcam City, as they 
Dattled through to the fourth 
round oT the FA Cup fbr the 
"rat time at St Andrew’s. The 
rowl wound, was self-inflicted, 
nopions pushing the ball into 
hjs own net after 74 minutes as 
the. non-League side fought back 
■ Jroin a goal down. -It was the 
hrst defeat of a first division 
club oy a non-League team in 
the competition since Wimble- 
■ ° on beat Burnley 1 1 years ago._ 

# The prize of a fourth-round 
i ! ie al y ork looked a far juicier 
| incentive for -the non-League 
I side than for City, whose 
, immediate motive was to end' a 
| run of disasters. In 16 games 
since their last victory on 
October S they have scored only 
five times 

Adding to this hiding-to- 
il othing problem was a fer- 
ocious wind in their fa ce s, 
hardly the ideal conditions for 
their rustic up-and-under style. 
Their long, high passes fre- 
quently fell prey to the gale, 
ruining any hope of attractive 
f ! football. 

Altrincham, in the third 
round fbr the sixth tim> in 12 
years, attempted to secure 
ground-level control and not 
always met with complete 
success. After eight minutes the 
wind almost blew a back pass 
by Armstrong, played under 
pressure, into his own net. 

Ron Saunders, the Birming- 
ham manager, has repeatedly 
stressed that he needs cash for 
at least three new players. This 
assessment looked an under- 
statement as his team struggled 
against a side who would 
cherish a place in the fourth 

' McNeill’s 

move is off 

Manchester City yesterday ended 
Billy McNeill's nope of becoming 
the pan-time Republic of Ireland 
manager. McNeill was ready to 
replace Eoin Hand, who left at the 
end of the Republic's unsoccssful 
World Cup campaign. 

The City chairman, Peter Swales, 
said: “We had a meeting today with 
the directors and Billy McNeill, and 
it was agreed that it would not be in 
the best interest of him or the dub 
to take the appointment." 
k McNeill was one of eight 
candidates interviewed by FAI 
officials last month. "I would like to 
thank the Irish FA in the way they 
have conducted their business,’ 
Swales said. H But at end of the day, 
the only thing that mattered to us 
was Manchester City.” 

McNeill moved to City from 
Celtic in the summer of 1983 and 
led them to promotion from the 
second division last season. Apart 
from the Irish job. McNeill was also 
linked with the Scotland managerial 
post following the death of Jock 

The Republic of Ireland chose 
McNeil] from a short list of three. 
Now they may turn to one the other 
two. the youth team manager is 
Liam Tnohy. or the former 
Newcastle United manager. Jack 

^ • The Derby County manager, 

Arthur Cox, who has taken the dub 
to second place in the third division, 
may be re war ded with an extended 

- Wcalands, a former Birming-i 
ham goalkeeper, was forced tot 
sprint out of his penally area to[ 
boot the ball off the toe of| 

Just on the half hour, with 
raaz^nal control emerging forj 
the home side, Hopkins fired 
over the top from 10 .yards. 
Later he was the black sheep] 
again -in failing to control the 
bill in front of goal 

The best effort of the first half 
fell to Conning, who threatened 
to score for the underdogs with 
a beautifully struck lob ’which 
swerved an inch, or two off 

Even with the wind at their 
backs Birmingham were unable 
to make headway. Conning 
again might have given Altrin- 
cham the lead but seemed to 
lose his nerve in front of goal 
and miscued when well placed. 

A limping Kuhl was replaced 
in the 53rd minute by Wright, 
who immediately earned his 
keep. The: substitute was chas- 
ing back in search of possession 
when Reid's left-wing cross 
threatened until he was able to 
tidy up. 

City's breakthrough came in 
the 62nd minute after Platnauer 
had fired wide. A right-wing 
corner by Ranson was helped 
on by Armstrong and Kennedy 
for the persistent Hopkins to 
•volley in. 

Typical of their League form, 
Birmingham were unable to 
hold on. Altrincham equalized 
within two minutes. A high free 
kick caused confusion by 
swirling in the wind. In the 
scramble Ellis found a yard or 
two of space to force the 
equalizer over the line. 

Dick*. J Hagan. K Armstrong. M KiM. B 
Roberta, B mjjjM, A Kennedy, N Ptetneuer, R 

WealandK P Gardner. P 



Denamore. J Johnson, P Cuddy, P Conning, R 
B*a, j Davison, p Rein. C Chester*. G 

Referee: KHackett (Sheffield). 

United send 
Robson to 
Dutch clinic 

Bryan Robson, the Manchester 
United and England captain, has 
gone to an Amsterdam sports dixie 
for a rehabilitation course. United 
arc still worried about their midfield 
player, who has been out of the 
game for a long spell with a 
hamstringlnjury and a calf strain; * 

United s manager, Ron Atkinson 
said: “It is just that we wanted to try 
something different. Jim McGregor 
(the dub's physiotherapist) came up 
with the idea because we used it 
successfully with Arnold Muhren. 
We now believe be could be fit for a 
game when he returns home 'after 

The England captain has played 
only a few minutes football in the 
last three months since he picked up 
the original hamstring injury 
playing for England against Turkey 
in October. 

Robson attempted a comeback 
against Sheffield Wednesday in 
November but lasted only 15 
minutes before the hamstring went 
again. Robson was on the verge of] 
another comeback when be injured 
his calf in training. 

Meanwhile, the Coventry City 
forward Tory Gibson, who has 
been linked in a £500,000 transfer to 
United, wifi wait to de ci de his 


The former Tottenham Hotspuq 
player, who could replace United’s 
Mark Hfaghes if the Welsh 
international leaves Old Trafford at 
the end of the season, has told 
Coventry he will make a decision 
when his contract expires in the 

Royers looking forward 
to visiting Everton 

third round of the FA Cup on 
Monday. He said: “I knew we had a 
chance after our performance at the 
City Ground where we should have 
won. The players did all I asked of 
them and now we look forward to a 
, . challenging game at Everton. It 
\ should do football in this part of 

Lancashire a world of good." 

Bob Stokoe. The Carlisle United 
manager, was just as ecstatic after 
his dub had beaten Queen's Park 
Rangers 1-0. Cook's goal gave 
Carlisle a deserved victory but 
Stolcoc admitted be sied “a 
thousand deaths” before the referee 
blew the final whistle. 

Forwards in form were Wallace, 
of Southampton, and senior, of the 
third division leaders Reading. 
Wallace scored three as Southamp- 
ton won 3-1 al Middlesbrough and 
Senior scored both Reading goals in 
their 2-1 home win after extra time 
against Huddersfield Town. 

Senior took his tally to 19 for the 
season. The Reading manager, bin 
Branfoot. commented: “They bad 
< the best chances over two games. 
The difference was be had someone 
who can score.” 

Aston Villa and Ipswich Town 
relieved to make the fourth round 
after replays. Villa won 3-2 at home 
to Portsmouth with two extra time 
goals from Stainrod and Ipswich 
scrambled home 1-0 at Bradford 
City, also in extra lime, with a goal 
from Brennan. 

The Ipswich manager, Bobby 
Ferguson, praised his young team s 
effort in setting an FA Cup record 

by reaching the fourth round for the 
sixteenth successive season. 

The third division dubs, Noftsl 
County and Bury, like Reading, beai| 
second division teams. County won 
2-0 at Stoke with Wain and 
Me Pari and on target and Bury beat 
Barnsley 2-0 at Gigg Lane, helped 
by a goal from the dub captain. 

Sheffield Wednesday's forwards 
were hardly on form but were saved, 
in their 2-2 draw with Wert 
Bromwich Albion at Hillsborough 
by goals from the foil back, Steriand 
and Smith. Sheffield United beat 
Fulham 2-0 with goals from Morris 
while Derby County overcame 
Gill Ingham 3-1 after extra time at 
the Baseball Ground. 

NEVMH9 ratMrm ROUND DRAW: Sunder- 
VmS v Mantfa tt ar 

AMxhant Manchester Ctty v WMtard: 
Everton * Btadtoum; Hufl «r Brtohwrc 
Southampton v Wigan; Staffed Unfed v 
□art*: Aston VB* v MMC CMaaa v 
Liverpool: Watt Hun v ipavAeh: Sbttfed 
Wacfcwartay or Watt BronwAcn vOriera; 
Peterborough • Carte* Anml V Rodtattam; 
Luton V Bristol Rowans Readtag v Day; Notts 

Ttae to be played teeing the weeke n d o I 
Jammy 25. 

• Swansea City supporters cel- 
ebrated their dub’s 28-day of 
execution in the High Court, and 
the magic of a vist by Manchester 
United, by packing Vetch Field to 
its limits on Monday. 

United had responded to an 
appeal to hdp the Welsh dub raise 
desperately needed money. A crowd 
of 20,000 turned up and , the 
magnetism of United almost 
.certainly made Swansea about 
£50.000 better off United won 5-1, 
with Brazil scoring three goals. 


FA CUP: TOW round: Bury 2. Bamatny 0s 
Carta* United l. Queen's Parte ~ — 

VAUXHAiL-Om. IZAQUfc P ru i tt 

j !:SSSMr£^KS£ SJB& 1 

Udnwray 2. JTggSPSS'ffi'iim* _ 

Stoka 1; Htnvcaatta 1, Coventry A 
Ne wport Courtnr 1. ThM maid 
Ctarnei 0, Wlnuedon T. 

Croydon 1. Simon UniaadO. 

EAST ANGLIAN CUP: Harttond 2. 

United &. 

Worcester 3. RS Southampton i. 

United 2. 

Watt B m iwd cn Afeion ft Stoka City ft . 
County 2. TMnf matt ndme Aston VBs ft 
Portsmouth ft Btecttun Hawns ft 
Noomahmi Fma Br a cflord aw 0. tpawfcn 
T ^TrfeflO terffra. QMnyhwn 1; feateng 


Maadwrttsnk t.Nakn County 2. 





officated in 10 internationals as a 
member of the Welsh Rugby Union 
international rtferea' panel outlines 
the pressures confronting the front- 
line official in the modern game. 

The first half of this season has 
been highlighted by concern ex- 
pressed by unions, the media and 
the ordinary rugby follower over the 
control and discipline of player-s ou 
the rugby field. Because of that 
concern it was inevitable that the 
person responsible for controlling 
the game on the field - the referee - 
would come under dose public 

The position of foe rugby referee 
has out changed much over the past 
century: rugby is still the only team 
sport where one person controls ' two . 
teams with 30 players involved. So 
are foe pressures on the modern 
referee any greater than in foe mist? 
The answer must be a linn “yes . 

To appreciate foe referee's 
difficulties, we must look at different 
areas of the game and analyse foe. 
pressures they exert Players’ 
attitudes have undoubtedly changed 
over the part 20 years. Merit tables, 
cup competitions, leagues and the 
introduction of coaching have made 
winning and foe subsequent “re- 
wards” (in the folia of end-of-season 
tours abroad) alter foe players’ 
approach to foe game. 

The modern player possesses a 
more competitive attitude because of 
which errors made by the referee are 
not suffered lightly. Players’ 
patience seems to be on a shorter 
fnse and foe slightest disagreement 
between opponents can spark off a 
physical confrontation. 'In foe 
distant past, if a player had an 
argument with an opponent it was.a 
personal matter he would sort out 
alone, as a matter of pride. 
Nowadays, If a player has a 
disagreement, all his colleagues 
want to get involved and we hsnre foe 

disgraceful sight of ■ nearly 30 
players fighting on foe field. 

This modern curse of the “99” 
call - which orignluated on foe 
British Lions tour of South Africa in 
1974, whereby if one player is 
involved in a confrontation his 
colleagues Join in - arises from foe 
players’ belief that if they are all 
involved hi a fight die referee will be 
reluctant or afraid to single out any 
one player and send him from 'foe 
field. Unfortunately, in some games 
it appears that this belief is correct 
and foe referees take no action. 

Current attitudes by selection 
co mmit tees at all levels in choosing 
players guilty of acts of foul play 
openly challenge the authority of the 
referee. Selectors have always had It 
in their power not only to assist foe 
referee but also to protect foe good 
name of rugby football and foe spirit 
hi which foe game shouSl be played. 

The modern committee approach 
to acts of fold play by their players is 
to lay the blame firmly on the 
shoulders or foe referee, usually 

acc us ing him of lack of control. Even 
the blame fbr punching and kicking 
which occurs on the “Mind side” ol 
foe referee b attributed to the man 
wifothe whistle with comments such 
as “the game degenerated through 
no fault of the players”. I have yet to 
see a referee punch or kick a played 

Spectator tolerance seems to have 
fallen- Whereas K used to be 
enjoyable to hear humorous com- 
ments from foe tonchfine about the 
referee, nowadays foul l a n guag e and 
personal abuse seem to chara ct erize 
the attitude of crowds towards the 
referee. Fortunately, In the United 
Kingdom we have not readied foe 
stage of some other rag by countries 
where referees have bred physically 
assaulted after games by irate 
spectators whose team had just lost 

Referees at all levels have 
common pressure with the com- 
plexities of the laws. Considering 
that this season there have been four 

interpretations within the home 
unions of foe manl law, the problem 
for the referee is obvious. There are 
rtfll too many grey areas where an 
individual referee's interpretation 
can decide the outcome of foe game. 
With law changes taking place so 
frequently, foe pressure on referees 
to keep abreast is immense. 

At senior and international level 
the referee has foe extra burden 
, imposed by the media - television 
can be seen - and replayed in stow 
motion - by miiHnna. Unfortunately, 
referees do not have foe benefit of a 
mini-video so that they can check 
their actions with an instant replay. 
Once they have made their decision, 
right or wrong, it cann ot be changed. 

This season foe Press seem to be 
more critical iff referees than ever 
before; perhaps editors are demand- 
ing more adverse comments to raise 
circulation figures. Often the rugby 
journalist writes his own interpret- 
ation of a particular Incident without 
speaking to the referee and therefore 
an incorrect interpretation is placed 
oiLthe sports page which the readers 
believe to be correct. The referee, of 
course, is at bolt again. 

Despite aB these pressures, 
thousands of referees take up the 
whistle week In and week out to 
participate in a game they enjoy. 
They do not get paid. There are no 
perks for foe junior referee at the 
lower levels of foe game and only the 
occasional trip abroad for foe 
International referee. But this 
season has seen referees openly 
express their concern about the 
game, and their position in it, and 
the warning signs are there for all to 

In an age when authority is being 
increasingly questioned in society, 
the referee should be supported by 
all who care about the fixture of foe 
pane. Without tint support it is 
inevitable that more referees win not 
only walk off the field hot will also 
walk out of the game. 

Swimmers look to greater recognition for achievements 

Biondi has big task ahead of him 

Paris (AFP) - Every second year 
world swimming hits something of a 
slump. With neither Olympic 
Games nor world championships to 
concentrate foe attention, no matter 
how many world records are 
broken, they seem to go- almost 
unnoticed by comparison to the 
leading performances In the main 

So it may be that the achieve- 
ments of the two top performers in 
I9S5, Michael Gross, of West 
Germany and Matt Biondi. of the 
United States, will find their way 
into the record books but still be 
consigned to a footnote in the 
history books. 

Trass, of course, a already 
urn of bis place among the all- 
time peats for bis performances U 
the 1984 Olympic Games, and be 
went on to achieve new world 
records this yer. However, Biondi's 

distinction as the first man to break 
the 49 see barrier in the 100 metre 
freesiyly may wcQ be edilpsed by 
later performances uniats he can 
repeat his achievement in front of 
the world’s television cameras either 
next year in Madrid at the world 
championships, or at the Olympic 
Games in 1988 in Seoul, when he 
will be 22. 

For such an unpromising year, 
1985 started interestingly enough, 
with the defection to the United 
States of Jens-Pfcier Bemdt, East 
Germany’s former 4x] 00m medley 
record holder. Having taken part in 
the international meet at- the 
University of Arkansas in Lafayette. 
Bemdt made his request fbr pobtical 
asylum in the unlikely setting of 
Oklahoma airport, and is now 
studying at the University of 

.In February’. Gross, who is 21. 

stepped back into the limelight with 
no fewer than four world short 
course best times in seven days: in 
the 400 and 800 freestyle and twice 
in the 200m butterfly, but it was not 
until the West German champion- 
ships in July that he ran into form. 

• In Renrschied he set two new 
world records in three days. He was 
then ordered rest due to fatigue, but 
a month later he proved the hero of 
the European championships where 
he beat the record held by Peter 
Nockc, his compatriot, by winning 
six gold medals. 

At the national championships 
Gross won back his 200m butterfly 
world record with a swim of 1:57.01 
eclipsing, the 1:57.04 swim which 
took Jon Sieben. of Australia, to the 
Olympic gold medal in Los Angeles, 
ahead of the giant West German. 


7 JO l 

Freight Rover Trophy 
Norman) sacfiofi 
Lincoln v Scu n thor p e 
Southern section .. 

Brentford v Derby (MS) 

Hereford v Bristol Rovers 



WELSH CUP: front) roan* SuBy v Swansea 

SSwTLEAOUE! Osnettr. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Prearier (Maine ThH 
untt Ahe ctocft * Bramapwe: VB Rugby v 

LEAGUE: Brat dKteter Bwratey v, 
StwMttd W e dne toa * . Bladcnum v LhmnxW 
Newcattifl v HudderaWkJ; NoOngham Forest * 
Darby. Second dMefm Donceater v Yoift 
Mdamwough v Bumtey; part Vste » Notts 

F ufHtn : Wettord v Tottenham. 

roimfc Fladtwe* Heath v WoUnQfinm. 

HERTS CHAHJTY CUP: Rn»L Prtan v War* [« 

CUP: Ftrtt round: WeUng » 
LEAQUE: BkMord v 


OTHER HATCH: Noategham Forest v PSV 

CUB HATCHES: Abemon v South Wales 
peace (7-0); LtanaB v Qtanegen Wandarars 
t7.0fc Mtropoaan Pcflce v_Royal Navy (3BH 

(7.0fc Sorreye The Army (tt Esher); Swansea v 
ouioqan fenttute (?-S Tredegar v Newport 

fi feg S aHTATWE HATCH: PUMe School 
Wsndsrsfs v British Pdfytscfintc* (?.30J. 
SCHOOLS: Tbur m e t ric So ut h and Southwest! 
v Auttmans (Bt Sherbowne. 2. 1 5}. 

pnsrmvtsiaNb h* kr v wtums; sbHM » 

wafer* Grip* Lain 
(8.0); Portsmouth 


Univeretty v Bromley (2-16). 



Phipps regains 
third place 
in World Cup 

By Chris Moore 

Nick Phipps collected 17 -World 
Cup points by finishing fourth in 
yesterday’s four-man event in 
Cervima to regain third place in the 
overall standings. With four of the 
six rounds now completed, Phipps 
is also lying third in foe two-man 

The two final rounds are in St 
Moritz ' and ai Lake Placid 
immediately after the European 
championships, which are being 
held urlgiis over the next 12 days. 

Phipps and his crew of Bob 
Thome, Keith Power and Alan 
Cearns were in fifth place overnight, 
just a fraction of a second behind 
the world cup leader, Walter 
Dellekarth of Austria. 

The pair of them had identical 
times of 1 min 06.40 secs on the 
third la uf yesterd a y. But Phipps 
then beat his rival by 0.07 seconds 
on it* final run 

Denerfcarth,.wfao won the gold 
medal in Cortina fast now 

has an aggr e g a t e of 64 points. 11 
more than yesterday’s winner. 
Ekkerhard Fasser of Switzerland. 

Italy’s Alex Wolf docked the 
fastest run of 1 min 06.04 secs 
yesterday to take foe silver iwrigi 
RESULTS:' World Chi foMHnan mi* 1. 
Swttzartartt I * mtes 29.15 mes; 2. Hah I 
SOSMi ft United States 1 427.11; A Bitotei I 
H-2S32- World Cap stjndbnK 1, 0 — aka rt 64 

ptc&Fossar 53; ft Phipps & 


Kerly returns for 
game with Ireland 

By Sydney Friskin 

Sean Kerty, who. after recovering 
from injury, toured the Middle East 
recently with the Great Britain 
•team, is back in foe England squad, 
for the centen ar y match against 
Ireland at Willesden on Saturday. 
He replaces John Shaw of South- 
gate, is one of two changes from the 
squad chosen for the international 
quacbangular tournament at Willes- 
deu in October last year. The other 
chnage sees Paul Bollond, an 
uncapped 2 1 -year-old. replacing 
Richard Dodds,- who was unable to 
get time] off 

The Irish team includes Martin 
and . McConnell, both of . Belfast 
YMCA ami members of foe British 
Olympic bronze ‘ medal-winning 
team at Los Angeles. Ireland have 
chosen most of foe players who took 
pan in the Intercontinental Cup 

Isrs& ?1_ 

P. tCoofcttovwft P 

YMcS^*^^fcteittt h w3S2 

(AvocaL M StMm ^ CtX ** toWT ^' J WaSteravi 

Bitter winds and fevers give 
tournament director problems 

From Richard Evans, New York 

The wind chill factor, as they like 
to call it here, was minus 20. and if 
some of foe icy drauahi was being 
felt in foe offices of Eugene Scott, 
foe Nabisco- Masters tournament 
director, ixwasquite understandable. 

At noon on foe first -day of an 
event that is supposed to be foe 
climax of 1985 rather than the kick- 
off for 1986, Jimmy- Connors was in 
bed in St Louis, his fevered brow 
being tended to by his mother, and 
Andres Gomez, the man Scon had 
chosen as stand-by, was no nearer 
than Washington DC airport. With 
foe weather as it is. Scott would 
have preferred to have had both a 
lot closer. 

Since playing an exhibition in 
Atlanta on Sunday. Connors has 

S ne down with & 103 degree fever, 
t, according to sources dose to bis 
bedside, he was still hoping to play 
Henri Leconte, of France, in foe 
fourth match of the first day's 
programme. Ironically, Leconte 
had. like Connors, requested a day’s 
delay because he. too,- is suffering 
from a heavy cold. 

“I io fd both of them 1 had good 
news and bad news,” Scott said. 
“The bad news was jfoat I had 
already announced foe -programme 
and wasn’t going to change it, and 
the good news was that as they had 
both asked for a postponement they 
must be feeling as ill as each other. 
Scon, publisher of Tennis Week 

■ magazine, and afortxxer plavcr who 
once reached the serin-finals, at 
Forest hiUs, has side-stepped foe 
obscure procedure -for picking a 
substitute, if one is necessary. 
Although he is running the Masters 
fbr the first time now that the McnSi 
International Professional Tennis 
Council has seized control of ft fttim. 
Donald Dell and his FroServ 
management company, no one 
needs to give Scott lessons on how 
to thread his way through the tennis 
rule books. This New York lawyer 
understands better than most foe 
complicated way tennis is rtm. 

According to foe Nabisco grand 
prix points standings, the next 
player, should have been Kevin 
C linen. But foe rules state that only 
foe first substitution must- come 
automatically from the points 
standings, and Scott Davis, at No 
1 7, has already been included in the 
draw as a replacement for foe 
injured Miloslav Mecrir. 

“After that foe rules say it is up to 
the discretion of foe tournament 
director”. Scon said as he was told 
of the severity or Connors's illness 
during foe JAKS award dinner at 
the New York Hilton on Monday 
night. While Ivan Lendl received 
the player of the year award from 
Bill Cosby, foe American comedian, 
at this gala affair named after Jack 
Kramer and run for the benefit ol 
Cystic Fibrosis (the Association ol 

lennis Professionals official char- 
ity) Scon was perusing his options. 

. He bad already asked Curren to 
Dy up to New York from his borne 
in Texas and act as No 2 stand-by in 
return for doing some public 
appearances to help promote foe 
event. But Curren, who had made 
some highly disparaging remarks 
about New 'York during last year’s 
US Open, was not interested, so 
Scott felt no obligation to ask him 

After considering Jimmy Arias, 
listed No 21. and Ehinz Gunthardx, 
whois her to play doubles with 
Balacz Taroczy, his victorious 
Albert Hall partner. Scott opted for 
Gomez, the gib Ecuadorian left- 
hander, who was ranked as high os 
fifth in the world a year ago. 

Whatever the eventual outcome 
here on Sunday, the next few days 
should provide very dear indication 
of just how strong a challenge Lendl 
and John McEnroe can expect from 
the new generation of world-class 
players that arc already threatening 
their positions at the top. 

Boris Becker and Stefan Ed berg, 
of course, lead that challenge, but 
Anders Jarryd, Paul Annaconc and 
Leconte, provided he recovers his 
health, just three other* who will be 
pressing their claims before the next 
Masters in held, in the right year at 
last, at foe end of 1986. 

Bale pulls out with injury Nayratlova wins 

Warning sign: Norling matin g his point to those who challenge his authority 

Words of caution about a game 
that is getting out of control 

Bri Iain's team for the BASF 
European Cup next week had to be 
changed almost as soon as it was 
announced yesterday when Stuart 
Bale, the Middlesex left-hander, 
pulled out with a knee injury. 

Bale, Jeremy Bates, a Davis Cup 
international, and Nick Fulwood 
had been named to carry Britain's 
challenge in this new European 
indoor championship which re- 
places the old King’s Cup, but then 
Bale reported unfit. 

Britain are playing in foe top 
group at Queen’s Club from January 
22 to 26, with their first match 
against West Germany next Wcd- 

nesdav night. Czechoslovakia, 
Sweden. Italy and Switzerland are in 
the same group. 

This is the first lime that 
Fulwood. a Derbyshire player, aged 
22, has been chosen for a senior 
international, and he may well get a 
fiery baptism, for the team manager. 
Paul Hutchins, has few alternatives 
as a replacement for Bate 

-John Lloyd, his No 1, is 
unavailable and Stephen Shaw and 
David Fclgaie have still to prove 
their fitness in practice this week. 
Shaw has also bad a leg injury and 
Frigate had his appendix removed 

in November. 

at the double 

Washington (Reuter) - The 
defending champion. Martina 
Navratilova, beat her doubles 
partner Para Shriver 6- 1 . 6-4 in foe 
Washington Women's tournament 
final yesterday. 

Miss Navratilova appeared to be 
heading for an easy win as she raced 
through the first set in 23 minutes, 
but Miss Shriver refused to go down 
without a fight in foe second set. 

• Paris (AFP) - Manuel Sanaiana. 
Spain's most successful tennis 
player ever, is to coach the 
Frenchman, Henri Leconte, this 


Cooper is a 
name to 

By Srikumar Sen 

Boxing Correspondent 

There were no Bugners, Magris or 
Christies at foe National Associ- 
ation of Boys Cubs senior finals at 
foe Grosvenor House London, on 
Monday to excite Olympic Games 
selectors or professional scouts. But 
there was a Cooper. Shaun Cooper 
of Dudley, catching the eye of Kevin 
Hickey, the England coach, to lift 
foe Best Sty list Trophy. 

There was much young England 
potential for Hickey to work on. 
Apart from Cooperand three Young 
England men, Steve Gander, Derek 
Grainger and Thomas Shicls. three 
others stood oul* Darren Connellan, 
or Rochdale. Andy Hayes, of Dover 
and Mervvn Richards. of 

The Connellan and Hayes contest 
received the Best Bout Award, it 
was a cracker, with Connellan 
forcing Hayes to take a standing 
count m foe first round, then Hayes 
coming back strongly. 

Richards, an 18-year-old builder, 
was too strong and busy for Danny 
Donnelly, of Renfrew. Most im- 
pressive was Shirrs, first round 
disposal of Frankie Cunningham. 
Shids, a Junior ABA champion, has 
speed and power that should see 
him far along foe amateur road. He 
took foe Frainkir Vaughan Trophy 
for the outstanding winner. 

The best runner-up was foe 
Young England boxer, Grainger. He 
appeared to cope well against 
unrelenting pressure from Cooper 
naaulta: 4S-61kg: Candor (HhjMtald) M K 
Brown (DudtayK sacond round; 51-Mcg: A 
Lavtm (Gofcfan Gtovw) tat M Fskman 
(Hattngton), pt® M-57kg: D CormaUan (Fox) in 
A Mayas (SsndwMft pta: 57-ffoim: Q 
SWktfoto (Ptyrnoufl Command RN) Dt W 
Cowan (Rm^pdon). pta; SO-tokg: S Coop 
(DiKflay) ot 0 Granger (Popiarl, pta; UMTfe 
M Moftard* (Waltham Foraat) m O Donne! 
(Nowarthaj. pts: 87-71 km T Shtets (Stowv) bt 

(Stamttiaw Parte), aeons round; 7$41kg: P 
HanrUc (Stanton) HSMoute (Ware), pta. 

England make 
against Scots 

England make three changes from 
the tram that drew with Hungary 
and beat Ireland earlier this season 
for foe international against Scot- 
land, sponsored by George Wimpcy, 
at Gateshead tomorrow. 

Into foe side come Dene Miller 
(Weymouth ABCL winner of a 
bronze medal in Canada’s Quebec 
Cup last month, the light-middle- 
weight Nigel Moor (Thamesmead), 
who makes his senior debut at 
international level, and foe local 
heavyweight Manny Burgo (Blyth 

Scotland, seeking their first 
victory over England for 1 3 years, 
make seven changes from foe iwm 
defeated by Ireland in Nove mber. 

aeon WDocftSncta 

Ft r- J Lyon [St Katana) v □ SocUrty 
, Mnml); me J Davtaon (Grainger 
I * D Hood (Holyrood Tout* FetttarP 
(Hartdlrtttv D Andanon (Btatahoua- 
Hortdneonharldiyjvj LeysfrlwdMn}: 
~ ■=oran fRobndtt v J Moffwt 
. . _ .. U B M W e lBi. SFbran (Rotattrt » 
T MSgan (Drontaatti); Wtttec D Muter 
(WMttoutiil v M Ogftta (St Francis): Ligta- 
Mdate: N Moore (uiameantestfl v A MuSan 
(Springskta): Uddc □ McCorttafBt Perms) 
v H Lawson (St Frandst UgM-taavy: J 
Sodtas (tetagton) v S Wffiams (Zetland); 

Burgo (Blyth Town);* D Young 


Solent Stars under 
a dark cloud 

By Nicholas Harling 

Duran returns 
to the ring 

Panama City (Reuter) - The 
former world champion. _ Roberto 
Duran, of Panama, has decided, to 
return to the ring after nearly two 
years in retirement, his manager 
Luis Spada said yesterday. 

Spada said Duran, aged 34, and a 
former world title holder at 
lightweight, welterweight and jun- 
ior-middleweight. had agreed to 
meet foe Colombian junior-middle- 
weight champion rManuel Esteban 
Zambrano, in a non-title bout oa 
January 31. 

Duran will share top billing on 
the night of his comeback with his 
compatriot Hflario Zapata, who will 
be defending his World Boxing 
Association (WBA) flyweight title 
against Javier Lucas of Mexico. 

Duran announced his retirement 
in 1984 after suffering a humiliating 
second round knockout by Tommy 
Hearns of foe United States. 

Pity poor Sperrings Solent Stars. 
The south coast dub. which came 
close to being humiliated in foe 
Prudential national cup final at the 
Albert Hail on Monday night, could 
be forgiven for never wanting to see 
their adversaries again. 

The programme schedule has not 
exactly come to Solent's assistance, 
however, for they must face Team 
Polvcell Kingston twice in the 
Carlsbeig National League over 

They are not the kind of fixtures, 
Steve Fitzsimons, the Solent coach, 
would have arranged for the 
rehabilitation of bis squad from the 
indignity of their 113-82 defeat. 
“Solent were pleased to be here, but 
obviously I'm bitterly disappointed 
to lose by such a margin,” 
Fitzsimons said after Kingston had 
come within six points of beating 
foe previous record, held by Solent 
themselves, for a cup final victory 
margin. That was when Solent 
defeated Doncaster 127-91 ai 
Leicester in 1982. 

Ninth in foe league, Fitzsimons 
knows that Solent musunove up at 
least one position if they are to 
figure in foe end of season national 
championship play-offs, preferably 
three places so as to avoid the 
possibility of meeting Kingston yet 
again before the, Wembley finals. 
“We’ve got to pick ourselves up. 
The league situation is critical for 
us. Wc'c got to get back in shape but 
we've got these two games against 
Kingston and one against Ports- 
mouth and it won't be easy.'* 

For foe fust 10 minutes, 
Fitzsimons could not have been 
more encouraged as his players 

contested foe lead, carrying out his 
instructions to foe letter. Nottagc 
was containing Bontrager, Davis 
and Gark were being hurried into 
missed shots, and Robinson was 
sinking baskets for Solent, which 
promised much. “Everything was 
running so smoothly. 1 couldn't 
believe iL~ Fitzsimons reflected. 

It was when Kingston began to 
raise ibeir game with Clark. Davis 
and Bontrager finding their range 
that Solent wilted, ignoring foe 
commands of Fitzsimons as they 
did so. He said “Against a good 
shooting team Ukc Kingston you 
have to fan out in defence to stop 
them shooting and we just didn't 

With Skcogh's mobility restricted 
by his ankle injury, and Whitbread 
in pain from kidney stones which 
hod ted to him defying doctor's 
orders to play, Solent were reeling. 
By half-time, with Kingston 56—4 1 
ahead, foe outcome was already a 
formality, the only question being as 
to whether Kingston would beat foe 

If they were not already resigned 
to defeat, Solent must have been 
after four minutes of foe resumption 
when Davis had helped himself to 
another 14 points and seven 
rebounds to make himself a 
virtually certainty for the most 
valuable player of foe match award. 

“They were firing on all cylinders 
and wc were firing on maybe only 
two,” Robinson commented. “The 
trouble with Kingston is that they’re 
so good you can't afford not to take 
foe rebounds. If you let them in for 
a second shot you're in trouble.” 
Scorerar Hnntoo: B«. *(jw 33, Davis 28, 
Ottk 27. Soknt Rotowon 2ft Skaogh 15. 
WNtataad 14. 


Joint sponsors suppoi 
Scottish team 


Scotland's Commonwealth 
Games team received major 
financial backing yesterday with the 
announcement of a £70,000 joint 
sponsorship by T5R Scotland and 
Lyons Tetley Tea, Arthur Campbell, 
foe chairman of the Commonwealth 
Games Council for Scotland, said it 
would take around £84,000 simply 
to kit out foe Scottish team of 225 
co mpetitors . 

BASKETBALL: The E n gland 

coach, BUI Beswick, has selected a 
16-man squad for the last world 
championship qualifying match, 
against Switzerland on February 12 
at Aston Villa Leisure Centre. 
England wifi use the game as 
preparation for foe European 
championship qualifying round iu 
Copenhagen in April. 

SQUAD: K Tttham iManctattv United); s 
SHOw (BractaH^X P SUinpoon fCrysitf Pstacok 
O Uoyd (Winston): K Nttteflo Potent); A tonal 
(K&Hjs&MiJ: D Smm> (KMiM and WW/on# C 
Utah {PoramouOi): P Sc*ntMwty (Bradawl 
D Lloyd (Portsmouttfl: 0 Ganlnar f ' 

UnteS): A Bttogua frontal and I 

- ’ ■ - rad and Wtttard); c 

K Penny (Manctottar United); C 

Oldham Celtics will be able to 
enjoy the sunshine in a £30.000 
sponsorship announced yesterday 
with the holiday firm. Ionian 
Holidays. The company, specialists 

in Greece and Cyprus, are alread) 
planning a dose season tour lc 
Greece for foe second division 
National League club, who wall be 
renamed Ionian Celtics. The deal u 
for one year with options for annual 

9 For the fifth time in nine years 
Belgium will organize games 
between foe Soviel and Israeli 
national champions because foe 
teams are prevented from playing in 
each other's country. Maceabi Tel 
Aviv and ZaJgiris Kaunas wifi pfay 
the two legs of foe final group of the 
European Champions Cup today 
and tomorrow. . 

MOTOR RACING: Ayrton Senna 
of Brazil, set the pace in his Lotus in 
yesterday's first day of Formula One 
tyre testing at the Jacarepagua 
circuit. He clocked I rain 34.57scc 
for the 5.03km track. The second 
best time of 1:34.64 was recorded by- 
Briton Nigel Mansell in a Williams. 
SKIING: Lesley Beck, aged 21. won 
the women's slalom in St Moritz 
yesterday on the Corvjgfia Pistes, 
making her the combined efiampion 
(downhill and slalom) in the British 
Alpine championships. Claire de 
Pourtales, aged 16. was second. 
RESUU|fe l, L feck. canbfcMtt Urns lor two 

_ru?if^8^ * Cd * Pourt * m ’ M-SS a. v 




BREMEN; Sbttay root: RMi day: 1, R Pfinen 

W and G Rank pan) fiOSptx Z 0 Ttarau 
Kristen |WQ) 482: ft S Towns and E dm 
wsoe (Beq 334. cfetarj 
(Aus) andA Doyta (QB) i 

ft Q Wigglna 

SSrgJgB* *wocteH qn 

New Yora K nkas T 14. Sacramento Kings I 
Was Mrtgtnn Quiets 90. Los Angeles 


MMTH AMERICA: National League (NHLfc 
Edmonton Oflera 5, Boston BnArn 3; Toronto 
Maple Loafs 7. Detroit fed Wtnga 4. 



«. *-3 RStWi tatttoM 0 



A Soon M 

ttMSS Tonic for Eagles 


WASHINGTON: Women** teumamant Ftoaic 
atogfjHE M Nawatitova (US) bt P Stvtvw (US) 
ft-t. a-a^Oonblee: NavnrtSovi and Shrtaor RC 
Kohde-»totfipVG) wtt H Sutewa (CS) 6-S, B-C. 


BHMMQtlAll: MkSend to M i iaift wt Bemt- 
flfHda: J Male and R Mason H M KMfelg and 
M Btattad 34; M Uoora end J Reynolds bt A 
Hugta> and R Lambert 3*2. RnefcMoora and 
Reynolds bt Mote end Mason 3*0. 

Sheffield Eagles rugby league 
riub. dogged by fi nan cial problems 
since their formation 18 months 
ago, have now signed a two-year 
sponsorship with Whitbread York- 
shire. foe brewers. 

Prop wants to move 

St Helens have transfer-listed 
Burke, foe 24-yrar-oW proo. 
for £40.000 at his own request. 



motor racing 

Jaguar flat 
out with 
brand new 

By John Bltmsden 

Jaguar are to mark their fiftieth 
year of participating in motor sport 
by mounting a concentrated assault, 
on the 1950 world s po Oscar 
championship, backed by a new 
sponsor. Gallaher International, the 
tobacco company responsible for 
the marketing of the Silk Cut brand 
outside of the United Kingdom 
have joined forces with Jaguar in a 
three-year agreement which will see 
a team of XJR6 cars, painted, in a 
new' mauve ' and white colour 
scheme, taking part in all 10 runs of 
this year's championship as the Silk 
Cut Jaguar team. 

The team's main effort wiff centre 
on Lc Mans, where three cars will 
take part in the 24-hour race on May 
31 and June i. Two cars will be 
entered- in all other races, which 
include rounds at Silver&tonc on 
May S and Brands Hatch on July 20. 

The line-up of drivers, which is due 
to be announce in mid- February, 
will depend on the outcome of 
outstanding negotiations taking 
place on Formula One racing and it 
is expected that the final Jaguar 
team will include several drivers m 
with grand prix experience. 

The latest XJR6. although based 
on last year's design, will benefit m 
from a weight reducing programme, fl 
a modified braking system, revised tg 
aerodynamics and further develop- 
ment of the six-litre version of the 
company's XJ 12 engine, which is 
already delivering &30 bhp at 7.000 
rpm. A 48- valve cylinder head has 
been developed for the engine by 
Tom Walkinshaw Racing, who will 
be responsible for running the works 
team on behalf of Jaguar from their St 
headquarters in KJdlineton. Oxford- u 
shire. 1 . at 

Jaguar's commitment to a full C( 
endurance racing programme this p 
year will enable Bob Tullius's . 
American-based Group 44 Jaguar 
XJR7s to concentrate on Lhe . 
important 1MSA championship rn ** 
the US. where they were runners-up W 
last year and have a realistic chance 
of taking the championship outright f c 
this season. re 

The task facing the British works r r 
team, however, is more formidable 
with the Rothmans Porsche team 13 
and the Martini Lancias. represent- 171 
ing tough opposition with their cl 
highly developed turbo-charged hi 
cars. Fi 


April B: MugeHo. Italy (drivers championship 

only). fe 

April 2ft Monza. 

May 9: Slwstono. P* 

MaySI-JraliLaMarw. th 

July 2ft Brands Hatch (drivers championship 

August 2t! NOrburgring. SlJ 

septambsr 1* Spa Francorchamps. ... 

October 5: Fuf. ", 

Novambor 3ft Selangor. Malaysia (Aims 5 1 
charrationshlp onty). i* 

December 7: Surfers' Pamfisa, Austraia. ", 




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11-« Arteakm, 7-4 TapBOS.'S Stmwood Boy, 7 Whfthaf- GdHt Tboti, 10 Purpla PMk'W> 

Forest, 12 olhar. . £38^"^'" 


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DinY ( 1 M retunwd to form whan bauBng Chbrita Pool* {1071, 31 »t Pf" rraP n™- 

£730. soft Jan 1.9 ran). 

Sataeflora PURPLE PEAK. 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Chasm. 2L30 Cons Gico. 3.0 Charter Party. 330 

By Michael Seely 

3.0 Charter Party. 330 GEE -A (nap). 

pm & 

FORME? HiB> (11-7) 
13 rank IHE ROYAL 

Charter Party, the probable favourite for today's Royal Windsor Handicap Chase 

Charter Party should keep the 
Nicholson celebrations going 


4.N - J 1 

f/T? 4 ' * 7y ^ 



Contoxn EVtiflNQ-Suwflf . 



Wane’s reward 
is captaincy 
of Under-21s 

By Keith Macklin 

Shaun Wane, me young Wigan 
front row forward, who had an 
outstanding game in Saturday's 
John Player Trophy f inal was 
yesterday named captain of the 
Great Britain Under-2I team to 
play France at St Esi*vc on Sunday. 
He »as watched on Saturday by the 
Gnat Britain coach Maurice 
Bam ford. 

There are two new caps in the 
side. Neil Puckering, the Hull 
hooker, and Mark Beckwith, the 
Whitehaven threequarter. Puckering 
is given a chance because lasL 
season's captain. Paul Groves of 
Salford, is out of action with a 
broken leg. 

GREAT BRITAIN UNOER-21; D Lyon (Wkfewsl: 
J Dalton (Whttohaven), D Cra nia ar (Leaps). M 
Foretar IWarrinqton). B Carbert (Warrington); D 
Murine (Widnaat M Font (Mom); A Damstt 
IHuOL N Puckering (HUD. S Wane {Wigan, 
capt). R Powni (Leeds). P Lyman 
iFaatrieratona Rovers), G ntvorty (Hul). Suba: 
M Beckwith (WNtatoven). J Waattwad (Leigrii. i 
Reserves: a Cuntar (Yridnes). B WH lLaadaL 

• The Workington Town coach. 
Jack Davidson, has resigned (the 
Press Association reports). The club 
have won only one of their last six 
second division matches and 
Davidson, aged 39, criticized his 
players after a 32-5 defeat at 
Doncaster on Sunday. Workington 
will advertise for a replacement. In 
the meantime temporary arrange- 
ments will be made by the directors. 

• Des Foy, Oldham’s international 
centre, who has been out for three 
weeks with a knee injurv, is to see a 
specialist todav (Extel reports). 

David Nicholson, and his 
! stable jockey, Peter Scudamore, 
who stole the weekend honours 
at Ascot with those two 
courageous winners. Very 
: Promising and Tickite Boo. 
should be on the mark with 
Charter Party in today's most 
significant race, the Royal 
Windsor Handicap Chase. 

Charter Parly, although not 
foot perfect, had plenty in 
reserve when handing out a 
four-lengths beating to I Haven- 
ta light at Kempton Park last 
month and this progressive 
chaser, who earlier might well 
have been runner-up to Jimmy 
Fitzgerald's impressive Galway 
Blaze in the Henncssy Gold 
Cup but for falling at the 18th 
fence, should have too much 
pace for Ardent Spy in today's 
three-mile contest 

.Ardent Spy showed clear 
signs of returning to peak form 
when finishing fourth, beaten 
5 1 /: lengths, behind that much 
improved performer. Run and 
Skip, in the .Anthony Mildmay. 
Peter Cazalet Memorial Handi- 
cap Chase at Sandown earlier 
this month. Earlier Roddy 
Armytage's nine-year-old had 
run Acarine to a short head 
over today's course and dis- 
tance. but he has to concede 21b 
to Charter Party, who should 
have the edge. 

There is a competitive line- 
up for the Malden Timber 
Novices’ Hurdle Qualifier. 
Cawies Clow-n. a game winner 
against Marsh King at Devon 
before slaying on for third place 
behind the talented Oppindan 
at Kempton on Boxing Day, 
will make his presence felt, but I 
side with Tim Forster’s bright 
young prospect Cona. Glen, who 
won hard held when registering 

By Mandarin 

a 12-lcngth success over Vital 
Boy at W incanton, also over the 
Christmas period. 

I expect Fulke Johnson 
Houghton and Willie Musson, 
more usually associated with 
Rat racing, to dominate the 
Rays Novices* Hurdle. Musson 
saddles Stanwood Boy, who 
shaped well on his debut behind 
Boom Patrol at Fakenham. 

However, the Blewbury con- 
tender Artesium, who chased 
home My Dominion (a fluent 
scorer at Ascot last weekend) at 
Warwick last month, is fancied 
to go one better. 

Another young hurdler 
knocking at the door is Fred 
Winter's Tamino. His effort 
when runner-up to Peter Martin 
in a competitive hurdle at 
Doncaster was full of promise 
and this five-year-old. who won 
quite regularly on the Rat at 
Windsor when trained by 
Henry Cecil, can get the better 
of Quite A Night and Pottstown 
in the Weir Handicap Hurdle. 

At Market Rascn. Peter 
Easterby's Just Alick is likely to 
start favourite in the Homcastle 
Novices' Chase to confirm his 
course and distance victory 
over Snap Tin. who is only 41b 
better cflT for a six-lengths 
beating. However. I have more 
regard for Jimmy Fitzgerald's 
Phoenix Gold, who fell in the 
early stages when Just Alick was 
previously beaten 25 lengths by 
Cool Decision at Catterick. 

Phoenix Gold showed a good 
deal of potential hurdling last 
season, including an impressive 
success over Melhagen at 
Wethcrby. and if this highly 
thought of six-year-old can keep 
his feet he may provide a 
sporting nap at rewarding odds. 

Jenny Pitman also looks a 

trainer to follow at this meeting. 
Her Croix de Guerre battled on 
gamely to resist a renewed 
challenge from Outside Edge 
when scoring. for the first time, 
at Towcester, and this useful 
looking gelding, may have too 
many guns for the Fitzgerald 
pair. Frank's Boreen and Tawny 

The Easterbys mount a 
particularly strong challenge for 
the Sleaford Novices’ Hurdle, 
but the Pitman representative 
Dan Raise, who caught the eye 
on his debut behind Kouros at 
Nottingham, looks to have 
plenty of scope for improve- 

Runners from the Penrith 
stable of Gordon Richards are 
always- worth following at this 
track and his Another Gty, 
although a disappointing 
favourite 'behind Du rham 
Edition at Ayr recently. >yiri 
good form earlier in the season 
and 'does not look highly tried 
in the Louth Handicap Chase. 

Only four turn out for the 
Lincoln Conditional Jock'eys' 
Handicap Chase, and Monica 
Dickinson must have high 
hopes that Branding Iron can 
recapture winning form after his 
encouraging comeback behind 
Newlifc Connection at 

Sedgefield cancelled 

Scdgcficld yesterday became the 
35th meeting to be abandoned this 
season, a victim or high winds. The 
dak of the course, John Cleveriey, 
said: '‘There was no alternative 
because of the strong winds. When I 
arrived at the course at 7.30 am we 
could just about have raced, but the 
wind built up afterwards. - * 





i ; ■■ : I'&y 

!«*»>»- •■ ‘. Vv - Tr-^-rn ■»» ^ri **** 


.T. ft' ’ j i ) I IV 'l. i Vr 11 Jl ■ L'lTtBfiBWWMByilWt W ' I ' ^ 

-r I ( * < ■ > ■ 1 i y S I 

{•ll l I») II 

Dates for the major races 

i mtim 


r. i u v 'j. Jji'ATCB Bj 


IS Petar Marsh Chasa Handicap {Haydo ck 
Pvt I) 

25 Wibam Hfl Yorkshtro Hantfcap Ousa 


1 Gakistmough Handicap CHasa (SAndmrS 
8 Scrwreppaa Gold Trophy Handicap Htrtflo 

17 Wohrarhampton Champion Hurdle Trial 

1 GreenaS Whitley B ree ur tos Chase 
Handicap (Ha/dot* PvKr. Ttneform Osue 
(Hsydoe* Parti 

a Wfttam Hit Imperial Cm Handtoap Hurdle 

11 Vftterfbrd Crystal Champion Hurdfo 
Challenge Trophy (Cheftentam) 

12 Sun Altonce Chose (CheAenftam): Queen 
Mother Champoi Chase (CheHanham) 

13 Tote CheMamam Goto Cup Chase 
(Cheflanham); Daly Express Triumph Hurdle 

22 VYUiam hi Unco*n Handicap {Don castor) 
APR a. 

3 Whrt&reed Trophy Bitter Chase Handicap 

5 Seagram Grand Naflonei Chase (Lrrer- 
pooft Sandman Artree Hinae (Lnwpoo4: 
Captain Morgans Airtree Chase Handicap 

9 BBASafiabury UOOGutoeesTrWStakes 
16 Earf Ot Setton Stokes (Afewmarikeg; 

Lxtorofce European Ha rnfi ca p(JVawm art»0 
19 WBOsm Ha Stxmteh Nettonal Handcap 
Chase tAytf. Clerical Modcal Greenham 
Stakes (NswPury) 

28 Mldbnds Grand Na tion al Hantfcap Chase 

1 General Accident 7.000 Guineas Stakes 

2 Jockey Cbb Stakes (Newmarket} 

3 General Academ 2.000 Guireaa Stakes 

5 Spo ns ored Spring Handcap (Doncaster): 
Bndati Car Auc&ons JuHaa Handcap 
{Kmvptolr. Swbiton tnaurance Brokers 
Trophy Handkrap HurcBe (Hkydock PvQ 

6 DaBtomChastar Vasa (Chester) 

■ OrmendBAMas (Owster) 

10 TMrsk HmCup 

13 Musidora Stakes (Chester) 

14 Mecca-OantoSukselKom 

15 YorkAn [X*» Ot Yorit Stakes (Tort) 

19 xrz Handcap Stokes {Nwwburrf. ■ 
Juddmoma Locltoige Stakes (Mswcart^ | 

21 5sn ? cfa r U** Predominate Slakes 

‘ i j tj { ter . t > 

Gallop for See You Then 

Today’s course specialists 

“iSMSfBSr (Mvtortfc ^ 

a See You Thai, who has not raced Hills have pushed See You 
since winnng tbc Champion Hunfle Then's odds out from 11-4- to 34 for lliuMeut F 
at the Cheltenham Festival last this year’s. Champioa in the fecc of 
March. wiD be given a racecourse further heavy support for Corporaf 
gallop on Friday after racing at Clioger who was cut. from 11-2 to 
Kempton Park. .5-1. 

26 Zsttond Gold Cup HantScap (Rricat 
BrigatSer Gerard Stokes (Sarxtowr*' 

31 Horae And Hound Ctp Final Champion 
Homers* Chase (SdattorB) 



Tick your requiremsnts: 
Extra responsibility 
Meeting people 
Good salary package 


Management within 2 years 
Job satisfaction 

We are looking for a bright personable individual with good communication skills who can 
help us maintain our lead in die temporary help industry. 

If all of the above are Important to you, then you win be interested fn our Supervisor vacancy. 
The job entails evaluating and screening applicants, matching them to suitable assignments, 
speaking to customers on the telephone, and taking and filling their orders, 
we will offer an excellent salary package in return for hard work and 
commitment, and our thorough ongoing training programme win 
prepare you for management, should this be your ambition. 

In the first instance, cal! ^9 F~' 

Jackie Barnett on 629 0511 Gr # ^ 

In the first instance, call 
Jackie Barnett on 629 0511 
for an application form, or 
send' your CV to Kelly Girl, 
87/91 New Bond Street 
London, W1 

Make trades for KdlyGiri 


Move into an exciting pos- 
ition where you can develop 
your own areas of responsi- 
bility. Enjoy extensive client 
contact and set up presen- 
tations when you assist the 
Board Director of tills pres- 
tigious, go-ahead agency, A 
confident personality and 
skills of 80/60 will secure 
this challenging role. 
Telephone 62) 8863 




£ 10,000 

A rare opportunity has arisen 
for a first class PA with an 
exciting, company who pro- 
mote arts programmes world- 
wide. Mainly in the classical 
field, these include videos of 
concerts; plays and opera. An 
outgoing personality with 
excellent skills (100/60) will 
be rewarded with plenty of 

Telephone 629 8863 



Join the marketing division of 
this independent television 
group and use your initiative 
to help co-ordinate an execu- 
tives busy day. With plenty of 
telephone contact and admin 
duties, tell involvement is 
'offered as you develop the 
role, minimum skffls 90/50 - 
college leavers considered. 

’ Telephone 629 8863 


SECRETARY/PA required for small design 
consultancy in Covent Garden, Must be well 
organised and able to work on own initiative. Fast, 
accurate typing and book-keeping experience 
essential. Age 25-35. Salary, c £9,500. 

For fbrther information, ring Carolyn Smith on 01- 
430 1781. 

Self-motivated, mature 

Chairman of W1 communications group seeks Senior 
PA. Secretarial skills essential, knowledge of book- 
keeping pre f erred. Could suit person returning to job 

TEb *1-636 1371 
(Director, John Finals). 


required to work for 2 partners in busy firm of chartered account- 
ants at Chalk Farm. 

Modem air conditioned offices and friendly atmosphere. Salary 
from £8,500. 

Tel: HELEN OSBORN 01-267 4477 



c^jtdoam y «. €12 OOOm your Brst year plus 
an excellent training. C 7.000 (negotiable 
regu&fcd earnings scheme), early management 
opportunities anc/thebactong<>f»f4 btlbon 
mtemanonai group ifyouhairec/nva. tnmavtre.-. . 
good commutvcaove sktPs. as an excellent 
career mwe- taken Phone for details. 

01-222 1607 


Is looking for 2 lively, intelligent end professional people to 
work in favefy offices at PkxadHly Circus. 


For sales & marketing dS$ctor and PRofficer. and 

For conference sales exec, telesales exp useful. 
Excefent awflo typing roquifed, sense humour [esseruM at . is flexh- 
batty. initjmjve andthe abffity to woric as pan at a loam. Satcriaa nego- 

Jiheabffiry to work as pan td a Team. Salaries nego- 

Plaeaephone Rowene Legg on 4394855 


My name is Bob Payton and I invested the Chicago Pizza Pie 
Factory. The C hicago Rib Shads rod other great resumrana. I 
am looking for a PA/Secretary who has got what it takes. I win 
pay vou £12,000*-. You will be in fonr early to mid 30's, have 
worked ter Americans (we do things diSerenfiy). are highly 
motivated and tenacious. If you think you're good cnoqgk send 
me a one page letter and tell me why, together with a Cv-and 
photograph. . 



« . (Knightahridge) 


To work for tuOOQ firm of Archteos basad h WC2. : .. 
impeccabte secretarial sKterequirad. . . . _ 

Bright enthusiastic, creative candidate. With Initiative &- abffity 
to work vrfmout supervision. 

A high standard of spoken & written oornmuntoaflons assen- 

Excellent salary offered to the right person. . . 

Please apply with fid CV to. Box 2078Y 

l 7 Tj» 

4* Are ywasetnor secretory 
\‘Mh commercial experience ? 
■^ L AreaaM familiar wi& one., 
or more of these system* ■' 
'-AES.’Digitcd DecmaU,.OUv 
sET 351, Wang trlBM 
pispiayAC ?. ' . 

^ And are you looking for , 
senior level temporary assignr 

I "I Ml 

’ lMU4*lUii i' I (1 


A Wtfa roMwtep* ecoBeto typing and 9hoimnf apawto Is 

nquirea ay wTOnwlfeiB asanGgr. 

Tha attty to am MH9n wM a good totophona manaar are tavoriant havbua 
•xpwiMaflf fewanea woro tn aAmtogHu,«ieupii netawiM. 

Srtry A79> baraAe inetoda * wwks and pwwfea xtmm, 

Pftowred age aktar*. 

Ptoaaa eootoot » Bator Hook or M» L TTOai 


The Legal Protection-Group : 

• 15-16 AMERICA SO. LONDON EC3N 2LA : ; i. . 



C. £10,000 1 

Wc are a d ^ramic m mriiYMmt rmnnt««i>y jtswti fi Frmtn*" 1 *- 




iH ( 9 '.*] ! 't i < [ ‘4 i» 

ryl i 1 - 1 -! 4 i>Miw|> 

’ + >i ¥-"• uun^-.TT^ 


1 ml 

1 1 1 1 ?. i jnbBBsBttSl' 


'*'■> !«»: «*»■*' ■ rtr«vfliYi 

■ : - \ .yii iHn - 

i J UiW f : i «Vi » ' 

: to a wealth ofautfio and copy typing experience 

• {5>“wpm min-), you'll also be e^gerto.devdop year new 
-pioeessing'oa ourTBM 5520 system. - 

We are seeking a careerarinded secretary (age 24+) 
‘atacattdtok k?st ‘O’ lewd standard (English and Maths a 
'm&sQ wftfrsOUd adm a nt sfratwc experience, ability; gi n h itiOQ 
rad adesire to succeed.. - , ■ 

. - Ofler/iiiH range of benefits includmg a subsidised staff 

jtspftttantand a seasontideet kaaKbandPIase apply ta 

Assistant : 

Ddoitte Haskins &ScUs, - 
,128 Queen Victoria Street, 

Haskins Sells 



s Consultant 

|V * We are expanding ; . 

f:: . our consultancy team. ... 

? ' ” 7^86 our (rim » to continue to build the success of 

[3 - our company and we an tookingfor two additional 
coqji4fonts to help us achieve t/fia goaL _ 

£ * • Ideadyyou should be aged between 26-40, self-motw- 
SC m graduate standard and determined ta succeed. 

S, - W? off& an excellent salary, commission, company 
3* t profit eharc and a totally professional, happy working 

0 ■ Plcafle wrjte, eimlnaing full cv, to Sarah flagtfl 

arid Stephanie Staton at the addrew below. ■’ 


z J ' 8 GoMen Square; LondcmWL- 

P- . . TeL* Oi-439 602L. ; - 




Salary c£t0, 000 

A few prerequisites of the Job; 'a hybrid with diplo- 
matic and caretaker skills. 

Art organiser who is . mature, direct, reliable and 
■ / punctual^. ..V . 

Please send cv and repent photograph to: 

Diana Kelly, 41/44 Great Quean Street, : r . 

London WC2B SAR. 


Tifr .this senior. appointment ' we invite 
applications from secretaries who have good 
administrative experience at this level; have 
the ability -to handle people, and on occasion, 
challenging situations. 

The. successful candidate should be educated to 
'A-- level standard or above; and possess first 
class communication and keyboard skills. An 
outgoing,- confident disposition, diplomacy and 
humour, as weH ias the precision to meet 
exacting standards are the qualities we seek. 

We offer a salary in the region of £10,000, 4 
weeks holiday, BUFA pension scheme. 

Please send. a comprehensive CV to: ■ ./ 

Box No 2824 L: The Times. . 

^wraght we would Bee to frwfta you to-coma m an sea us 
rriOOur CKy office. We wffl be nokfing an open everting 
between 5.00 pm and &30 pm in order to meet aec- 
Votaries that find ft difficult to visit uo during office hours, 
■s-ltwia be a very Informal evening and we are very easy to 
> find -just 3 rmnutes from the Bank- Wafisrook exit, or 1 
^minute from Cannon Stroettube-DowgatoHM exit 


23 Collego Hill London ECRTeL* 01-2^03551 

c£1 3*500 . 

Succesalul architectural practice toydued In tiouring and leteure 

projects, baaed in Camcto Town needs * psr- 

eon to adm ln te te r the ptaeflea. ResponsUMUros indues financial 
analyses and cash forecasts, salaries and aB <r *wral bogk-kaep- 

hfl. montfW ftwncW i^xats to partnemlndiK^ fMprojedfao^ 
8*^ ort^adninWiaUan WKl-aomB promofional acOwfiae. Tte 
« a lay mis with goad prospects *ut retwfces somapno wtth 
ewjrtent financial experience, maturity are! flexttiiay. Computer 
fearacy proteraUa Please crib* ' . 



I? Trade 01-278 9161/5 


■ nimmH ii n i *0.i iiP *MH .. - 
9a Rageras Street W1 

. Exacting Bond Street-art dealer, 

wfa ranging interests, seeks 


Oigacosttion - .jsJdllv some book-keeping, no 
Saturdays: Good salary. 

‘ ■ Apply with CV to: Box No 2075Y. 

hi Ur-~iJi \ ' i f|K4 J; 

c. £10,000 -Qity 

The potential is' enormous m this" crowing software 
company for a senior secretary who can contribute to 
thesuccessofasmall team. FamHiailty with computeis/ 
vnord processors would be an advantage — ftexcbffity, 
Hitefficpnce and enthusiasm are essential. 

People-^ IWentated Secretary 1 1 city pr 

Szobeth Hunt 


A wry w4 known eanutadurtno company seeks M edmW s tr e l fi a mo- 
relwy to * Mriof axaeuttw In peracmaL Apart from proiii dl np sacraonal 
support, you rM be in disga of ensuring mat Si* many company benam 
senaraaa opama Bffldsnay and thouid a^oy QsaRng wtti yaw own areas d 
nopansAity. tOQno skBs needed. 





The Consultants are charming, successful ‘Head- 
hunters’ with a strong sense of fiHu Their secretary 
needs audjp/W.P. skills; together with a totally 
prcrfesstopal approach. Rewards for initiative and 
commitment indude a central London salary and 
unQmited responsibflity. 

Ai Connections, we appreiSate the dffficultiestiiatdwt 
lunch hours arid shorter deadlines can create when 
you are looking fora new job. We will therefore be open 
on Saturday I8tii January, from H00 am - 5.00 pm. 

In adcBtion to the vacancies described^ ^above, ye have 
a number of efients in a variety of industries InciucHng 
Advertising, Fashion, Propwty and PubBc Relations. If 
you a professional secretary looking for a change, 
take Ms opportunity to talk to experienced consultants 
about your past, present and futLare career. 

TeL Laanrte Voters or FtennyBocfman on 01 -630 0231 
Nearest tube St James's Park or VicJorta. 

__ 24 Buckingham Gate, 

(?NNEdk?Nli> . 

Secretarial Selection Consultants' 

CITY PR £9500 

A JwKSng PH snC aAwMnp msttmof casks a secretary to s imey wp- 
pawsd Fit Anete. Y« tnjoy msenstn eflent oentKt «nd ififlgld tw a 
good organ ic *- -to otxrthxM nt—Bript iww bushtts pmanbdons. 
(ttan to dMdfewa. uodara offlees. Womal atmoaqhar* and ■ aatoiy nsviaw 
«f»r 3 raontha. 90/B0 9kB* ind pmrious wort pcatasaing «psrianc« nM. 


Leaders in flu fMd of htwior 
product design; our cSsrft 
seeks e bi^ht, outgoing Seo- 
retary to a director. He la 
woridng on a new fascinating 
design project and seeks a 
first class person to act as Ms 
PA and co-onlnatB the activi- 
ties of Ms dynamic team. 60 
wpm typing abflty end pre- 
vious wore processing ex- 
perience essential. 

01-248 3551 

West End 0W40 353V3SJ1 


Raouhaml CmAcMti 



Ree travel to work, a subsH 
(Seed lunch Bid free products 
are some of the exeeaent 
benefits you wfR receive when 
you join tMs famous name 
consumer company. You win 
be Secretary to a senior 
manager and wfll also be 
responsHe for the depart- 
ments admWstratlon. 50 
wpm Audio aMRty and pre- 
vious word pnx»88lng ®t- 
pertonce essential. 

Ohf 01-240 3551 
West End 01-240 3S3V3SH 

A new and rapidly expanding 
fashion name seeks t Sec- 
retary to Rx buying and mar- 
efundteing (A actor He trs- 
vete extensively and therefore 
is more than keen for his PA 
to take on responsibility and 

E to know as much about 
work as pcmsHe. Enjoy a 

cation and 90/50 skills assen- 
tt*- 01-240 3551 

West End 01-240 353V3ST1 

EtobethHuntl BzobethHunt 

ff w T u fcn ud CkunuSorib 




Jala «• btwnatemi aty bank MMcrataryk) BWr London rapnaemitve. 
You ahoUkl Ihm » soHd bmkkig i t»e*srotnL ba kwi to dneiop tfw nc- 
rstsrtal rob and taka on hcres ak v mspareMOas. 100/50 skBs and pre- 
vtorewordproceningaxpertaocanBBdad. ' 


£9000 neg 

Some Salary! 

Some Secretary!./ 

Major Group’s property subsidiary. CKy-based. 

A laacang kmmBtional company InwfMd In fht buuty end grooming <n&» 
try asaks • styflaii ucratay to ttiWr poraorawi dbveur. You w* b* twsad In 
kixurioua MayfiA eflew and wN enjoy plenty of people cantect end the 
opportmtty to became very hvalwNl In ea eren ofthe buetaese. BeneOts 
kretode bee hefram end coe m miee. You efwfid be numerate end have 


Cty 01-240 3551 West End 01-240 383V3511 
BzobethHunt Recruitment Consultants 



Salary seals £8,632-^10^82 
A vacancy wifi shortly occur for an Administrative As- 
sistant to work in the professional Nursing Department 
at the Royal College of Nursing, London W1 . The suc- 
cessful candidate win have a wide range of responsH 
bifities for conference organisation, minuting meetings, 
servicing committees / working parties ana arranging 
study days. 

Candidates should be trained secretaries with experi- 
ence of providing a secretarial / administrative service 
at a senior level including minute taking and confer enc 
organisation. Experience of word processing would be 
an advantage. 


Your next career move starts here 

featured on these pages are many/ob 

registration form, compiete and return hand our 

direct contact mh mnypawmia! employers - who 
w&conlaciyau direcr -no thud party is invoked. 
Currently \ wehavectients throughout die London 

perfectly suited to your talents. 

free and effective... so 
don't delay. 

and are offermg salaries from £8,000- £14.000. 

For flatter details and an application form contact the 
Principal Personnel Officer, Royal College of Nursing, 
20 Cavendish Square, London wlM 0AB. Tel: 01-409 

of Nursi; 

3333. Closing date for return of completed application 
forms: 31st January 1 988. 

The RCN actively discourages smoking In all Its prem- 

There's room for yours as one of our 
counsellors in West London. 

There's plenty of room for the right people io grow at 
Alfred Marks. 

. “On the one hand, you'll be meeting dien Is, getting to . 
understand their businesses and their needsand 
developing a rapport with them. 

On the other hand you'll be assessing the skills and 
■ potential of Job seekers. 

With all this, the ability to think quickly, yet 
analytically and to make astute "people" decisions is 
essential . . 

Naturally, the promotion prospects are excellent After 
two years you could become a branch office manager. . . 
which could, then, lead to promotion to a sales or middle 

management position . . . with an organisation as 
successful as Alfred Mark* the sky is nearly the limit 

You won't necessarily need to have recruitment 
experience as you. will receive training. You will, 
however, have a successful commercial background, 
perhaps an understanding of high tech, office systems 
and a proven ability to deal with people. 

If you think you can organise, seD, communicate 
and get on well with people, then you could become part 
of the Alfred Marks team. 

Call us today', Joanne King, Divisional Manager, Alfred 
Marks, 27c The Quadrant Richmond, Surrey TW9 1DN. 
Tel: 01-948 5479. 

1 upU^ I* 0 * The | appointments register 

BHi At 0 ** TELEPHONE: Ot-433 2487 


The Eagle has landed £11.5k 

The American director of this international bank expects the very best He is both 
charming and very demanding. Immaculate secretarial skiffs go without saying, as does 
the ability to flunk on your feet City experience, especially working with Americans, is 
essential Age 26-35. Speeds: 100/60. 

Career PA in TV £1 1,000 

This is one of the top secretarial jobs in television, supporting the General Manager of a 
National TV company. The position is for a professional PA with impeccable skills who 
has the initiatioe and flair that go with an opportunity at this level You will be involved 
in every aspect of running the organisation, attending meetings with your boss and liais- 
ing within the industry. This is not for the star-struck. It is for a career PA who under- 
stands the value of tap level support Age: 30-40. Skills: 120/70. 

Personnel Matters to £9, 000 

As part of this major communications group, you will ploy a key role in the head office 
team. In addition to broad secretarial and administrative responsibilities, emphasis will 
be on personnel matters and co-ordination of the group. This represents a marvellous 
training opportunity with total involvement. Sparkle and enthusiasm are essential. Age: 
21-26. Skills: 100/60. 

Media Media. No s/h £9k 

A fast and zappy media company in Covent Garden requires an equally zappy Secretary 
to work for 2 q/' its senior partners. You will need very good typing and the ability to keep 
your wits underpressure. Age 20+ . Speeds: Accurate 60+. 




8 Golden Square, London WL 
Tel: 01-439 602L 




BLRM + fmkiMv 

Shorthand sac wffli organisational 
abffites for MD of w. Management 
Consultants. Plenty of scope for 
raspoflsMo person c ap a bl e of daah 
ing with all rivsis of personnel 

reg for AID of ht Co. S/H ads. A ga 
3040. £9.191 

need tespanstbls PA to charis ma tic 
Admit Mngr. Age 2S+. S/W4 WP 
atfv. E9.00QT&5Q0 + bonus. 

req receptionist /iataphorist Busy 
Monarch board. Previous 'retovait 
exp. asm £8JU0-£8^0Q. 

Rag Maggie, VrierTrida 


Project management com- 
pany req uir es PA/Oflk* 
Manager to. help the manag- 
ing director run this lively 
young company. WP, audio 
and shorthand essential. 
Outgoing personality and 
some knowledge of book- 
keeping are important assets. 
Experience is not essential if . 
yoa can demonstrate you are 
intelligent, responsible and 
thoroughly weC trained. 
CompetitiYe salary . and 
condi tipns matching yoor age 
and experience and rapid . 
progression as a reward for 
energy and talent are the 
attractions. Fleast write in 
the first instance saying how 
you match our needs to the 
Managing Director, Wrethnd 
& Akeriund Ltd, 20-22 
Queen Street, May&ir; 

London W1X7PJ. 



The RSA needs a Secretary to work on the pro- 
gramme of its Committee for the Environment. This 
position requires shorthand and typing and organisa- 
tional skills; an interest in environmental issues 
would be an advantage. 

The aims of the RSA are indicated in its lull title of 
the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, 
Manufactures and Commerce. The Society's house, 
designed by Robert Adam in the 1 770s, is near Char- 
ing Cross. 

Salary in the region of £7,500 (subject to review on I 
April 1986). 

Please apply in writing to James Richardson, The 
Royal Society of Arts, John Adam Street, Adelphi, 
London, WC2N 6EZ. 



Salary Package Range: 
£9,000-£l 2,000pa 

We are looking for a quick thinking, exceptional person to 
work as a vital member of a successful, happy and tightfy- 
knh team. Full training and support will be given but you 
must be essentially a self-starter. 

Yon should be a good judge of people have the confidence to 
project your personality in a marketing role and be a com- 
petent administrator. 

You will need the mental agility to cope with a wide variety 
of tasks, and will have the opportunity to become really 
involved at a senior levd as the company grows. 
Applications are invited from candidates age 21-30 with at 
least 2 ‘A’ levels, who have previously held both a secretarial 
and an executive job. 

Please apply with full Curriculum Vitae and a contact tele- 
phone before January 3 1 sL 

Box 1355 The Times 


Marshal Cavendish has 2 secretaries vacancies, one working for a 
srnaH group os Directors end Managers (including M.D. of the com- 
pany) and another for our busy (sometimes franUd) production team. 
Both jobs are vary demanding, you will need to be a speedy operator, 
fast-thinking, fast on your feet arid quick to respond - setimes tele- 
pathic too - (aren’t aU good secretaries?) Hours 9.30-5.30 but both 
Jobs Involve earty and lata working from time to time. Must have WP 
experience (both gallons have IBM PC's) and the Director's Sec- 
retary rads to drive and have shorthand too. 

Salaries:- For Directors secretary £1 0.000 
Production secretary £9,500 
Phone Q sire Paneth on 01-734 8710 
(x2351)if you’re interested 


c £8,000 MAYFAIR 

The General Manager of small freight forwanfing shipping end 
export company is looking for a Secretary to assist him at his 
office in a prestigious Mayfair location. 

You wffl be involved in shorthand and typing, fifing, telex and 
telephone work, making travel arrangements, supervising office 
services and greeting visitors. A knowledge of word processing 
an advantage. 

The post would suit a mature and personable Secretary possibly 

Please send full CV toe B W Johnson, PER, Rex House, 4-12 
Regent Street, London, W1 Y 4PP. 01-830 3484. 





The General Manager of Shore ham Pori Authority requires a 
Secretary who. in addition to the expected high quality typing and 
shorthand skills, can use initiative as a confidential assistant. Duties 
indude supervision of agenda preparation to a strict time-table and 
drafting of minutes of regular Board meetings, overseeing a small 
staff who provide secretarial services to other senior omceis and 
control of the central file registry. 

Conditions of employment conform with those ofthe NJC for Local 
Authority Administrative, Professional. Technical and Clerical 

Current salary scale £7,920 pa to £8,697 pa, 22 days annual holiday. 
Contributory Pensions Scheme and generous sick pay scheme. 
Applications are invited from Secretaries who have held similar 
posts in industry, the professions or public administration, who have 
had a good standard of general education (preferably graduates) and 
possess the requisite technical drills. 

Write, with sufficient detail to demonstrate the required level of 
competence, to the General Manager. Shoreham Fort Authority. 
84/86 Albioa Street, South wick, Brighton. Sussex. BN4 4ED. 

nssd someone professional and 
ambitious with at lettl 2 m 
previous expatet ha arwir 
position. Ybu wffl be taking cmtrtl 
of the Tropwary section of the . 

agency and wft also be rap 01 '* 
safelor tte staff reenstmant and 


■ the itfrparaon for foe poation 
caflus today. 

01-938 IMfi/1718 

£ 12,000 + 

Are you looking lor real variety and Involvement in your next job? As P A/Sec. to 
foe UIL of foe Corporate finance department of fob large stDCkhrofong ram yw 
w ffl be dealing with major clients and helping to run a department where the 
atmosphere it pressurised yet friendly. Much of your work wM be internal and 
confldenlH you vH handle your own correspondence, and orrarisa seminars. 
Irani srangonants and meetings. Ibe ideal candidate wiH be rarita and even 
'tempered, tatog hi London and have a City background. Age 25-40, skHs of 
100/BQ plus aino and WP required. Plea« cat- 


99 Regents Street W1 

t.« aJlrigiit for 8n0tiier 
course I* 11 1B holeB> oU man- 

goO i Ks Our temporaries run the 
2 office by themselves 

C / I it ) now v ® ,re Siting them 


n- Thefiistraimberstoriiig 



We’re looking for an experienced consultant (27-37). to 
join us at management level Ent hu siasm and commit- 
ment are needed to sustain and develop relations mill our 
diems end candidates. Someone who enjoys selling and 
has the ability to organise their own team esscmiaL In 
return we offer a generous slaty plus car. 



Personnel. Get somewhere sooner 

c£9 f 500 la your raid 20’s ia the City 

Trite Is tea place for It. International group, one of th« major Ctty 
Ins titu t ion s. SmaW Personnel department, very busy and lively. 
Although, to start with you! be Secretory to the Personnel 
Manager, you'll ba Wo everything; recruitment and aelfidion, 
lota of admin and telephone work - told Involvement But also, 
from Day One youH be preparing for the next step up - *o eoon 
tte you realfr should have soma Pareonn^axpflff- fnarv 

«nca before you even start. Phis the usual sec- 
retarial eMDs, from slow shorthand to fast nvorlnn 
typing. And e cool, dear head. Set some- W,C1 wn 
^jetosorater.DWour on 01-734 7282 

Ma^PvBiton R ecni B g tcr ttLtel.?JPIca«Wy,ld»Mfoa,wiV8W. 


The successful candidate will be an exp- stand sea/PA able to deal with numer- 
ous prestigious clients, competent communicator, along with org ability m tire day 
to day runring of a highly pro. mktg consultancy- » you are seeking further pro- 
gress our (Sent offers you axe. prospects, + they have a reputation for employing 
tire best. If the challenge steads you, please phone Mrs P. Howe for an appoint- 
ment on 4894811 



115 ShriMaayAMRa London wcshoad 



Wa are urgently seeMng ■ competant end accurate audio Secretary to wort in 
ourexpamflu Marketing & Piaority department, smaab m nqw offices case to 
OxfordSa*. The successU anfam should be floxWo. meteocte».haw«n 
outgoing (Sspo9Uon end be prepared to become tutty mvotrad in day to day 
daedng Mtti the mods and our many branch offices throughout the country 
Previous experience In buying space, copy layout, presa releases att woutd be 
helpful but a sound educational background and abHty to foam quody m con* 
stewed more important. Salary subject to amual review. 

Pteess write enotoelng CV with current salary and daytime telephone rwnber to 
(Asa Mag^a Bunting. 

Bernard Thorpe ft Partners 

or telephone 01 -499 53S3 ext 234 


A bright lively personality aged 25+ with a good education 
is required to be the PA/Soc to a Director of a large 
successful service industry group. Duties are varied but 
include a significant Imratvement in advertising together- 
with the more useful secretarial {audio and shorthand) 
skffls and organizational functions. Common sense and 
initiative win be well rewarded. 

Please ring 01 -828 6004 










CITY DYNAMICS to £1 1,000 

Professionalism + excellent organisational skills sought 
for a developing PA brief that offers real scope to the 
young, positive chafienge-seekerl Proven City back* 
ground is a must. 

MAYFAIR + 1 to £1 0,000 

High interest & a tight schedule for the intelligent Sec- 
retary with some sound Personnel Management experi- 
ence and wanting morel Initiative & inter-personal skills 
ere essential. 

FAST-MOVING! to £9,000 

Two excellent market openings for well-organised 
Secretaries - one, with high Admin content, in the City 
- the other, offering full involvement in the West Endl 
Both need excellent presentation & offer superb con- 
ditions in prestige, youthful environments. 

LOGISTICS! to £8,500 

For the quick intelligent mind that seeks constant chal- 
lenge in a pressurised setting) Excellent typing, inter- 
personal & Admin skills should accompany the initiative 
& confidence to assume control, when required. 

Full details from: 

19/23 Oxford Street, London W1 Teb 01-437 9030 

131/133 Cannon Street, London EC4 Tek 01-626 8315 


Recruitment Consultants 


So do we - that's why each of our consultants has per- 

i sonnet experience, as much as 10 or 20 years and com- 
bines considerable recruiting expertise with a friendly, 
professional manner. Your requirements are properly 
assessed and relevant advice offered. For a caring job - 
matching service tailored to your needs, either temporary 
or permanent stop thinking about it and call us - the 
specialists in the secretarial market. 

City 3778600 West End 4397001 ] 1 

Secretaries Plus 

I The Secretarial Consultants 1 

Office Supervisor to £9,500 

Graduate or former teacher with office administration 
experience is needed by a major City firm to supervise 
team of people administrating high flow of documentation. 
Age 25+. 

Pure Professionalism £9,500+ 

Co-ordinate the office whilst organising the admin and 
temporary staff as Secretary /PA to a Senior Partner in this 
leading City organisation. 65 wpm typing, audio and WP. 

PR to £9,500 

MD of PR agency handling a fascinating range of 
consumer accounts needs an energetic, highly capable PA. 
Excellent shorthand/typing skills and knowledge of WP. 

Marketing Admin to £8,000 

Advertising Manager seeks "right hand" to organise 
promotional activities. Excellent communication and 
secretarial skills required. Age 22+ with minimum 'A* 


First dass skills? We can offer you exciting assignments 
and high rewards - immediately. 

rr'""* KAP 

Executive Secretary/ 
Personal Assistant 
to President of 
Merchant Bank 

As a result of the rapid expansion of our clients 
business he is seeking an executive 
Secretary/Personal Assistant to the President 
This interesting position based in the West End 
of London involves a high level of independence 
and flexibility, as the President travels frequently 
overseas and the position requires close contact 
with senior management and clients. 

Applicants should have several years of 
experience in a similar position and be fully 
bilingual in English and French. 

Please send career and personal details to:- 

Managing Director 
P.H. Recruitment 

42 Upper Berkeley Street London W1K 7PL 




The Swiss Associate of a UK-based International bank is 
setting-up new offices in the West End and now requires a 
capable Secretary/PA - bl-Bngual Swedish/EngRsh - to 
work at Director level. 

As this position involves a great deal of private client con- 
tact. you will need to have plenty of initiative and flexibility 
as well as excellent secretarial skills. Ideally you win have 
gained experience wrthfn a banking or financial environ- 

If you are looking for a challenging role, offering a competi- 
tive salary and a very attractive banking benefits package, 
telephone for an application form and further details to: 
VMen Karam, on 01 -236 6090 Ext 483. 2-6 Cannon Street, 
London EC4M6XX 


Essential qualities: beautiful presentation, 
superb grooming, good speaking voice - rn 
fact a paragon of secretarial virtue. Sh/typ skill 
speeds of 100/60 are essential. Ideal age 
range 23/30. To work for a Senior Advertsing 
Executive.. Lots of client contact and a heavy 
admin workload. Situated in beautiful offices In 
the heart of London. A demanding boss but his 
last secretary lasted five years, so he can't be 
all bacL To quote the Personnel Manager, they 
require a excellent skills to satisfy this “super 
boss's" secretarial requirements. 




MATURE PA.HWW, for senior 
partner of weff-estabfafiad (and 
waB-knowrQ company. Apart 
from good sfc»s (tncfutfing SH). a 
sympathetic and diplomatic 
nature (scaled for. 

CHELSEA. £8,000. Due to 
promotion, a secretary. 20+ . 
with good typing and WP axp <8 
required to work within a small 
but frterxXy residential team. 
SOUTH KEN, £7,000. Young 
secretary (no SH or audio) for 3 
young executives based within 
brand new mews office. 
Experience necessary as you 
wfllbe left to “hold the fort". 
MAYFAIR, £ 8 , 600 . Young 
secretny/afl rounder tor 
furnished lettings dept. Plenty of 
opportunities to escape from the 

Please contact linde McLeod 

439 3054 

Faithfold Personnel 

01-636 9891 / 637 3096 
4S&E*hllaod& MaWMBAH 

AGE 25+ £10,500 NEGOTIABLE P.A. 

An mtaflgant eorftient and chaerfiX secretary wfth organisational abBty Is 
required to woe* tor the senior partner of a CBy based 8rm of motors. 

The successful canMate must hawr 

* Fluent written and spoken ec u finer ria l Italian and EngStfi and ms 
abffty to transMs and to deal wen itaSan cSsnts. 

* Good general secretarial and adminMrathre skffls and experience 
In org ani s in g secretarial muff. 

* Legal experience would be useful though not essential. (Training 
wii be given on latest computer -base, wordpreoesebig end 
admfn tauil w systems.) 

For further detela please MW enclosing C.V. to: 

Mrs G. Newman, 

1 Knightrider Court, London EC4V 5JP 

£11 -£11,500 

Yoa wffl nin the office, arrange 
board meetings and mate travel 
a rr a n ga tna ie for the Chatman of 
an international firm of corporate 
advisers in the (Sty. 'City' experi- 
ence, shorthand, and ufo skills 
are essential plus word proces- 
ang - ideally Wang. Age 2545. 

cay 377 8600 

West End 439 7001 I 

£ 11,000 

As PA to the Director of this 
small American bank in the 
City you will supervise the 
de partm e n t, handle PA duties 
and cope with a heavy typing 
load. Numeracy and previous 
banking exporianca preferred. 
Age 24+. 

City 3778600 . 

West End 439 7001 FT 

High Flier 

You are a socially aware, top- 
level PA with excellent 
arimmistrativa and shorthand/ 
typing skffls, plus French, 
German or Arabic. You are 
28-35, a car driver and free to 
bevel ei the UK and abroad. 
He is an international figure, 
with various business 

City 377 8600 
VAstEnd 439 7001 r~1 

Secretaries Plus Secretaries Plus Secretaries Plus 


7hr5eodarWGmfean(» I 

Senior position 
Up to £ 15 , 000 . Central London. 

British Telecom Enterprises is the most ad- 
vanced organisation in the field of mobile 
communications. Our Mobile Communi- 
cations group are die specialists in Cellular 
Radio, the product of a multi-million pound 
investment by BT. and Radiopaging, the 

responsibilities will involve: running of The 
Chief Executive’s Office, dealing with prob- 
lems and enquiries as they arise, scheduling 
The Chief Executive's activities and taking an 
active part in the running of Mobile Com- 
munications business. 

Senior Secretarial skills are essential: good 
interpersonal skills, a high degree of initiative 
and the ability io work well under pressure. 
Please write with full CV to: 

Francis McQueen 
Room 6008 
23 Howland Street 
London WIP 6HQ. 

Judy Farquharson Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London, W1Y 9HA. 
01-493 8824 

£ 10,000 + 
profit share 

A needed to- main Board 
Director. Must be confident, 
articulate wfth excellent orga- 
nisational & admmistrativa 
sWBs together with good 
shorthand & typing. Lively, 
friendly environment - super 
offices. Age 28-35. 

HAND - W6 

Secretary /Assistant needed 
for the MD of small consuftan- 
cy. Lots at scope far Involve- 
ment. Must be well pr esen t e d 
with an excellent telephone 
manner, be orga nise d & pre- 
pared to use initiative. Good 
typing (50+J. plus 1 year's 
commercial experience es- 
sential WP useful. 

A|e ^^earty 20 s. Salary 

C.E1 0,000 

to assist the Accountant in 
day to day running of small 
company m W1. Lively per- 
sonality. smart appearance 
wfth sound knowledge of 
bookkeeping, plus good typ- 
inej. Beautiful offices. Age 2S- 


Editonal secretary - lots of 

mvotvement and an exceflent 
start to a earner m bosk pub- 
Bshlng lor a graduate or 'A' 
level calibre secretary with 
gojmgpow . 

Salary £6.500-£7.ED0 


HirSccri9nrtrfQjw— Nflw— I 

Sheer Luxury 
£ 9,000 

Do you Eke to feel well looted 
after? Our client's business is 
property investment, hi which 
they are highly successful. They 
also - co-modentally - be Seva 
in giving thsfr stiff the very best 
They now seek a young sec- 
retary to work with their Chief 
Executive. You wiU help to orga- 
nize travel, meetings, diary etc. 
In addition you will look after 
general admin including office 
lunches and liaison with chauf- 
feurs. Excellent benefits include 
membership of sports and social 
dubs. Good presentation and 
confident shorthand / typing 
required. Age 22+_. Please tele- 
phone 01-4935787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street 
London W1 

(Recruftmera Consultants) 


c. El 1,000 

The demanding Managing Director of 
a successful consultancy in Reel 
Street reads an executive PA to 
become totally involved In afl aspects 
of Ms work During Ms frequent 
absences you win be refied upon to 
Raisa extensively witii efisnts and 
undertake personal work 
Responsibilities also Include 
occasional attendance at meetings 
with the Managing Director, some 
foreign travel, monitoring persxmsl 
and company records /petty cash 
wtifle Drortfing full secretarial sqjpon 
(100/60 wpm +WPL Excellent 
educational background, good 
presentation. confidence, 

co mm ii ma u and senior level 
experience essential. Age 26-36. 

Please Cat 


Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Conauftorta 
99 Regards Sirtt W1 


Are you a people person who 
has a flair lor admin aid orga- 
nization? A dynamic director 
oF a leafing city PR consul- 
tin cy needs an outstanding 
secretary / Assistant who wfi 
help her run the personnel and 
admin operation. She will rely 
on your ability to prioritise and 
to anticipate and salve prob- 
lems before they arise. You 
will need to liaise effectively at 
all levels. Accurate skis of 
100/60. Age 23-30. 

. 01-606 1611 



££10,500 + mortgage 

Are you seeking greater re- 
sponsibility 6 challenge in 
your next job’ K so, a director 
of a leafing investment bank 
in EC2 is seeking a PA/Sec. 
with some financial experience 
who is looking for a career 
move. Your excellent skills 
(100/60) and knowledge of 
WP mil be essential in this 
busy bot rewarding position. 
The generous package in- 
cludes a bonus and mortgage 
subsidy. Age 23-32. 



Highly efficient with 
flair for organising buoy 
team of Fulham estate 
agents. Sense of 
humour essential Read 
challenge for the right 
person. Salary nego- 

Teb Miss Davies 

731 3333 



Cantata your, te ota d g e of 
Cordon Stou cookay wBh your 
axa tan t typing whan you join 
ms mal twm preridng up. 
manat cawing sendees. Into of 
don Utaon. agiria in g mama, 
chats. wWmntai etc. 

Setay £7,000-1*000 

22 Snth IftfitM St, VI 
use cons 

629 3692 629 5589 


Legal Department 
Wfest End Ofl Company 

Conoco, one of the world’s leading energy 
companies, has an attractive opportunity for ; 
someone capable of providing full secretarial 
assistance to two busy Lawyers using short- 
hand, audio and an IBM 5520 word processor: 

To succeed in this post you must be well 
organised, able to work underpressure and use 
initiative. A good standard of education with 
minimum shorthand/typing speeds Of 90/60 
wpm together with word processing knowledge 
is essential. You should- have several years’ 
experience, not necessarily in the legal 

Starting salary m the range £8,000 - 
£8,500. The excellent benefits include free 
lunches, interest free season ticket loan, stock 
ownership plan and non-contributory pension 

Please write with full cv or telephone for an 
application form to Cathy Connolly, Employee 
Relations Department, Conoco (UK) Ltd., Park 
House, 116 Park Street, London W1Y 4NN. 
Tel: 01-493 1235 ext. 3142. 

Secretary to 
Managing Director 

PIMLICO, LONDON c £13,000 

The Marketing Divirion of British Gas' Ikis rw^xinsfoS- - 
ties which range from the negotiation of muHi-niEori 
pound contracts for the sale of gas to Industry and 
Commerce, to domestic appliance retcofing and 
customer service. . 

The post of Personal Secretary to the Head of this major 
Division involves a high degree of responsibility aid 
requires somebody who is well organised and able to - 
ctod with wkte raring and highly confidentidmatfers. ' 
The person appointed wiH-dea! with people and corre- 
spondence at the top level, organise meetings, make. . i 
travel arrangements and, with the help of an Assistant 
Secretary, maintain and control the office records and. 

We are seeking someone who is precise, with good 
organisational ability, excellent secretarial skills, a good 
general education and at least five' years'- experience :* 
as a sonkr secretary 

Please write with ful details of your career to date, 
quoting ref: SEC/09002/222,to: Assistant Personnel 
Manager [HQ. Services], British Gas, 59'Bryanston '■ 
Corset, London WIA 2AZ. 

British Gas 1 

an equal opportunities empiayerM 


c £9,000 

Looking far an Interesltog, demamfing 
job that definitely Isn't 9 to 6? 

Are you wffllng to work as part of a dynamic 
young team, committed to high standards, 
and set for rapid growth? 

Do you have good basic secretaJal sfcHls, - 
numeracy, audo typing and, ideally, word 
processor experience but want to beinore 
than Just a Secretary? 

... Thai we would Hte to meet you soon. 
Yours will be a key rote supporting an Important 
member of our Operating Board In probably • 
toe most exciting period of our 180 year history. 

Apply today in writing with CV to; 

Ian Buxton, Marketing Manager, 

40 Connaught Street, London W22AB 


Excellent Salary 
+Benefits Package 

ExpoteT is the largest single buyer of hotel 
accommodation in -the UK. We need additional, 
administrative support from peoplB who are more than 

Two vacancies exist following internal pormotton within 
our Sales and Special Events areas. - 
You win have aB of the usual secretarial skffls including 
shorthand and typing but more Importantly you wifi 
have a flair for organising and an abffity to work with 
BttJo supervision. 

A salary in fine. wfth experience and a considerable 
benefits package including pension, fife assurance, 
tree BUPA and concessions on travel wffl be offered to 
the successful applicant Age Indicator 23-50. 

Please telephone Harry Lister on 01-741 4331 (24 
hour answering service) for an application form or 
send a datafled cv giving a dafene telephone number 
to Expotal Hotel Reservations Limited, Banda House 
Cambridge Grove, London W6 OLE. 

• - operations based in DubaL - . - f'-y'r ■ • v; 

. He is in charge of an extensive network of bfiBoSaxla 

l ar ge n u mber of highly qualified sqi% many flftbqn-.- 
. seconded from the UK, contributing rewards ^ 
cosmopolitan but professional anpo^here.l^ei^fj, , 
PAiised to operating at a senior level ra ad m^a^. w ’ 
business anrironmenu ' 

You must be capable of undtataking dl the anal ' ■ - „ . 
T .PA/Seoraarialdud«(100ft0)imadfCaB|^^r^d^' ' 
emphasis is placed on exceflent cornmnttirarifm 3 A.T[ f ~ : ' 

and theabilny to bundle cOnfidenraLand «t3»;|ve 

• material ' ’ ‘ ’ ; f’ 7.1-' 

This represents a first-class oppoitumty for ait ' 
experienced senior secretary/PA to Wqdt abroad far 4 - 
tiim of imertutional repute. • . . ■ ; - 

Tbe appokumenc is for an enttaTrita year period wi^ * 
three month brak dausftTjKrenexra 

package reflects the s^ikiritybf the post. A&AiS-tf : 'i 
Basic salary is w £1 3,000 tax free. Benefit* 
fre e fbqush cd flat (noi shared) in a good midriitn) im, 
an ina na free loan to puiiiusea cor; an aatatt^Tcar- - * - 

aflowance of £2,000 pa. sit weetaaam»Meaf« wtcb free- 
fljgno to and fnxn the UKanaan8% bonus paid on 
completion bf con tracc. j-i. 

Within ourbusy Cenfral PBrsonnel . . 
Deparanent,we rxwneed asecr^iyfor 
our senior IndusIriafRelaJfortsand . , . 
Refnuneratxxiteam^ateamwhk* ■ 
responsibilrties across the entire PHffips * 

tt; , Lf, IiiL-I I-; 11 

negotiations.:, .r- -.; 

Strbngadminfetrativ^t^^ ‘ j . < | 

sbortharid skflls are essentiaf as is a ' - 
. flexible atfitude.Traffyngon tftePMjpi ' : < 
502Dwjrd^ ^prooe^ wabegiveD ¥ - ' 
necessary../. .. :.r. .-r' .. -'r: 

V\forWng^our<^^ .,‘ 

tube stetion,'you wSe^oy a wide range of 
benefits, inciud^eubsoasedfneals'ih our 
atfraefive restaurant,- an interest-free 
season tickettoan, dtscourtts oa company 
product and 5 weeks’ holiday. •' 

Pbferwjoe will tMgwento nor^srfiokisrs.'' 
Please send a CV and present salary 
details torMrs^ Der? Rudi, • ■ ' - 
Central Fbr somel P qjaarfrncOTt, - 
Phffips Bectrortcs, Arundel Great Court, 

8 Arundel Street, London WC2R 3DT. 


tfkmd St. 



• Excellent salary 

Excellent salary. .. City 

A unique opport un i t y. to tpp lewd txpwleqoe, 
wfarktaij fortheSenfor Managb^UfriBCGor of dw Oilms . 
Divtsion, wfth a broad range of Mcreartal msponttofidesand - 
admbibcnufvc dudes. • •. j..' . . f • 

Aged 30+ and wfth u l*ast 5 *CT levrivywi wIB ond to 
** bright, sefFmotlwiad and confident to handle (he work . ; 1 
(som«fmes under pressura) and daaUnx wfth peopteataH ' 
levuh. A combination oT« ncill«qt secmartal skffls (100/60) .: 
fagetber wfth food organ fadorad ability Is wentfrL 

In {ofnlnf too* of toe tlKi lea^nf rtUumnoe btcfcin w« 

areabfe to (dfarahiffityconipetftfve salary d^mdont on . 

experience togecher wfth a range of benefits. 

Please send )w caraer-detaifs wrtth a udee oTcurtenr . 
alary to Julie Oiurdiffl, FVrsonnel Offieec t W Pb/neUrafted. 
AkfgaeHouM!.33AW^ttHlgfi Street. London EC3N1AJ. 

AhenmlvefycanraeforanappHcdfanformon- '■ 
✓V 01-623 8080 ext. 2651. 

E-W-Payne limited 

for thar W est E nd UKbeadqugtErs. F bp nti^ pat irfatey • 
sea^arial team, ytmwifl. besi^portlng theSotiar Mafiedhg 
aad Technical Execut^es,iaidertakb^a wafe variayof tad® 
from ba^ secretarial dutfes to deallrig wfth visftoiS 3 nd . • 
general reception services. Ybu wfD also be involved in soitie 
office administration. - . . 


An extremo^succosslui firm of interior designers in Die West End an 
looking for a young s ecretary to help in tfe organteattoo and 
administration of their. company. Hectic, hut a fun and young 
environment. Strife 90/55. Age 19-23. 


An estabfishfld firm of stockbrokers in toe City are looking for a 
Porsonal Assistant for ftoir young, newfy momoted partaor. The job 
invoives sapenrtsing jimtor staff, admmistralkmtfttfBdflpaitnwftaid 
client contact. French useful. Stwrthand speeds 90-60. /^e23-28. 

- Hocn it nien t 
50 Hans Crescent SWl 

multilingual services 

r > ‘ ^>000413,000 " • ^ 

. RecnuuaaitCanjullaLatt 
Q^migCcmBaaii, WC2. 





Etfior/PA . £14,000 package- . 

Good education & possibly 
journalistic experience pre- 
ferred to edit & compile the 
German section of a trade 
magazine in SWl.. German 
mother tongue standard and- 
accurate' typing essential + 

■ normal PA duties. 

BAIOCWG £12ji0^+ 

,-ijsfl your fluent, pernun & 

- scoot tewf expedience as PA ' 
to 'the General Manager of 
-fids IntemalioRaJ bank In the 
Sly. English SH & good typ. 

PMIL 1 P 5 

M , M83Q0 

jGgman mutter tongue sten- 
jmra good French and uxcet- 
ygt secretary skflb ire pra- 
- ; teqtMss as. PR secretary in 
tvs famous ' prestigious 
tympany in the dty. Very 
interesting PR Arties and lots - 
rtf:, press contact Mature 
personality and smart ap- 
1 «arance«sentiai. • 

e t» Hew Bowl SL. W1 

% A Secretaries • 

Q't'-4$\7\Q0 * 


CentralLOfldMi.- . 

Tbta. tom of eraariw search caaratt- 
ut, newts i fksdui eqMdHCsd 
icceptiart* nbose win sad appear- 
ance mta iMr iete|y baudM-ti- 
(Ins. Dm ii fo afariorie satafe 
ban) ta l«ft after** am Cwpra 

of BtindSt. 

Recruitment Consultants 
Ha 55. IreridotetoFnaKtol 

»] 14 




Thb International ronyn/ offer 
yw» total fcwojvc ne u t and 

S5SSff l % ^£" , yw > »S 

experience w&h computers b put to 

good u» at you ifanamtrato and 

Wa opraa a wy busy-team m top 
lamps tar InaEflno Achairtbkifl Aoon- 
dm. If you haw axeaiantSac an 
- STM. axSo. copy or WP we-would- 
be deftfated to hear Iron you. 

KB ch t B u Zariafc na c r u ft ne r rt 
10a Jamn 9fe«at; 

London WC2'. 



5 #/ 01-730 

. Ycmycntti cw 


of property investment ind 
I deveiopraMt FLC in Mayfair 
. needs eqtnliv energetic and 
commercially minded 
; Pboae 01-493 6441 between 


Requires young secretary wife 


■ stfCflETAm4i:«fecitorTMENi' 


, Company 

P A/Secretary 
Jo £11 # OOQ p.a. 

An -Exmfatiw Secretary is 
,n»qi4n»fj tpr. organise the. 
office of the market in g 
director of a "highly Bile-. 

, cesafuf eroertranmems, 
.company .VAh worldwide 
business -Intel ests and an 
exciting product range. V 
He needs fast shorthand; 
and typing, sophisticated 
personal presentation and 4 - 
. personalty geared to con-' 
stant . cSant activity and 
Communication at ati levels. . 
Age ideafly late 20s to mid 
30s with "no ties' to handto 
■ overtime. ' ' ' r ' - .■■ 

' ■ Please cOnteet -Joanne 
Greg ory. 

■KOI - 491 1868 mm 




PERKS £10,0004+ 

Have you had exoeOent experi- 
ence In e personnel depart- 
ment? Then this could bathe 
move far you. You wB be ad- 
vising Chief. .Executives . of 
large companies on employee 
rctatiom, helping them" with 
salary surveys and reafly using 
yoor inftfarifmat aH thms. • 

So If you lawful understand- 
fag of ■ Employee Legislation or 
hew the IPM , tariffication 
wtti? eitfefer shorthand orauBol. 
skffls than call -DAWN KELLY g~ 
on 7340911. v B: 

-• : hefeae&ftqp** - 


Have you flood wonJ.ptorassirig ' 
Skills (Using Wang &/or BM 
Ssoteywrtnr). charm and pereon- 
afty to great £ lata car. of our 
cflonts and sn errata* speaking 
•' voice to answer our telephone, 
the aWfty to act as back up as- . 
.stafenttoow executive secretary, 
ptos die dam to become fully 
-involved in. our small' friendly 
company? D so. watyffl juar'ydb 
cJ fl JOQ +«aalfcnt benefits, 

Please cal Linda Grattan on 


If yon am poised, prcdusional. 
mmaoiatBly presented. ■ "flood 
commurecator, waB sprtan. have 
fast typing and n bddng for a 

soper reception jobiOaO 
■_ AncretWtswi 

■ • *- on 





ftjimadtet* posfdoo avalflible tor 
secretary / admlntotmof to help 
organise new dtagn consultancy. 
The petition offers Hn. a chti- 
langa and reapon*fl3iBty working 
alongside" ffirao directors. Age 
25-35, speeds 100/80 with cur- 
rent driving Scerwe, Ngh otiary, 
apply, in writing witit C-V. to: 


“■ Seward Glyna Manta " 
33, Parfcgate toad 
• LoRtfOR'Surll'daiP. 

Restorers Workshop 
in Wandsworth 

fleqolmwmetiwxadO e orewyttlofci 

SSiHw Mu* hevo.good e**r 

£llk + benefits 

Extensive City . experience 
will ensure yoor involvement 
in this. gnnTnnte PA pndtlaD- 
witUn a socceSsful and ever 

growing Merchant Bank. 
Working for the MD in choree 

and research A analysis, you 
will have fcffltifkanl respon- 
sfbifitiev <od provide fsliseo- 
retotkhl support (skills 100/50 
end.WPJ.wuhfn this key ana" 
oftlie Bank -. 

If you ue egad . 28-35. are 
seeking an nxrating career in 
the hno of Cliy activity end 
axe prepared In work long 
hours when necessary, you 
will enjoy £llk plus hill 

111 *1 >T‘-1 >:■-! l T 'J i\ (H 

OX-439 6477 


If jou Ihwb- gained wife langtog 
admiivstra»vB tidSs during jotr 
secretarial career. arid are aged 
between 30-40 this smafi busy 
bead, office of .a UKtctie sssod- 
alion needs you as their sota " 
PA/eecratoy. You wG be resptuv 
^ibfe .for the reorganization ofl 
ejecting and the- d evdopment oti 
nmV offira systemB from f3pg to 
'Wofrhatipn'ajray.' • . 

' ExceDent -secreraiai skflte -are 
essential togtiher wMi tire par- 
sonal- qeafties- ol tact and ifiplo- 
macy. ... 

' Salary E10J00 max. 1 
" LotaionKniohtebridge. 
"Please telephone 
. 91-4990092^ 


ASSISTANT c.£10,000 

An opportunity to make a tig- 
nifleent contrtoutkto to the 
expending . Sales & Marketing 
activities of a successful soft- 
ware company’ based fa 
Hampstead. The Ideal cancfl- 
datB wtt .possess good sec- 
retarial & admMstrutivB skffls, 
wV be itif-mpllvatad, enthusi- 
astic A show a . mature 
approach fa dealing with ev- 
ents. Previous ttxperfanca in a 
skbngar. role is necessary. 
Preferred age 25 or over. 
Please apply fa writing with full 

MrL RL Driscoe 
Cybartsk Computing Umlted, 
Heath Hurst Road, 

- London NW32RX 
or Mapltone 01-435 4425 


A trus PA rata tar the potohed 
ranHM s H r wHMn Oils' famiy 
owned conpany of Wins 
MsichantB.' OmMMng vttS* 
to nwyards. wns tsstngs. + 
shooting vnakandS; You «fl 
And M business A planaum 
can indeed be mhwt 
Exosta* um s wiWIu n A 
HUtinoM at 100/60 srs 

CaB Rebecca Headley 

oa 01-283 1555 

£ 55 =^ 


Secretaiy required to be 
respontible to the estate 
manager ,+ . financial, 
controller. Accurate typ- 
ing and organising ab,rtl y 

essential Minimum age 

Reply In 'confidence wife 
Cytothe • 



International Consultancy Group havta superb Tliis position will give every opportunity to get 
opportunity within their comra unications tide involved in the Personnel function and offers 

for abngbtsecretary toxnake a move to become excellent career prospects. 
aarstant to the Recruitment Manager. Fast typing and WP (7M3783T1 

Some secretarial/ admin, support puis travel to experience essential, 
seminars, universities and careers fairs. 


A significant role 

with a major international company 

... Dow, one of the world’s largest chemical companies, has recently 
relocated to a new UK Headquarters in Starnes. .; 

We are now looking for a Secretary to our Lawyer and Company 
Secretary His need is for an experienced Legal Secretary, preferably a 
graduate but certainly educated to ‘A’ level, probably aged 25/28 years. You 
should have excellent secretarial skills, plus a good administrative ability, 
and preferably some knowledge of Company Secretarial work. 

. We offer an excellent starting salary, plus usual big company 
benefits, including LVs at £1 a day . 

Please .apply with full CVto: Mrs Diana M. Hefmen 
Daw Chemical Company Limited, Stana Place, Fairfield Avenue, 

Staines TW1B4SX. 

•Trade meric of 
The Dow Chemical Company 


£10,500 + Mortgage 

Tlw VfcfrAwttsnt of a lndb«| US 
Bank rvquiroa a senior saaWwy 
to HsUt fafen in Hi afiaH, largely 
c o n ra nt ii to n a to Europa. . 

IdMDy. you wS be youno. ta ol 
anam and IMUa, anti wti anfoy 
womno in an bitamationai and 
contoMtiwiwIrantnu L 
Good BocnXarW skOs M 00/60) 

TO £7,500 

CHAfirrY CVENTS-to E7^O0L 
OiganlM Charily ‘avonts ■» a. 
day at Ascot and a grind Mfl. 
Lota or Job aatlatedbn to ba 
gWnsd. 9m M/66 wpm. 
EHTOWAL PA-to S7JJ50. Start 
your c ar eer at toe hurt of the 
arterial function dealing wSh 
' interesting gsmrel books. Skfis 
90/60 wpra. 

■ +Jan rwtow Combtoa lha butol 
tlN putMta A- promotional 
worlds. Lots at bwowsmant and 
exc to ba gjVned sidb 80/50 

SYmGY ■ 

The WurU i B a nr Ca natot a n a y 


Te tap ora jump afaad of this dy- 
natic Dawtor of a and, successful 
property, development company, you 
wS need to ba fast flwktafl. well 
qiota and have ■ good sense of 
honour. As wefl as fid sac support, 
yoo will be anaqing flwtngi and 
deal with a variety of propets. 'A' 
tads and dolls 100/60. Age 24- 

PLEASE RWG 437 4117/89 


A M HKiwnwin cbwhtmi, 


SmeH investment - syndicate 
requires someone bstwaon IB 
and 25 to join their teem. The 
applicant should have good 
secretarial and "educational 
btudepound. The position offers 
a cqraer h Investment with the 
opportunity of membership of 
the Stock Exchange -+ an 
expense- account bonus 
scheme + free annua) aiffine 
tlcksL Prior financial experience 
is not essential. - Salary 

..Please reply few 23771, . 


Tradition & Pageantry 

This prestitious post requires 
a responatote P A/Sec who 
appreciates the history of the 
City and wishes far involve- 
ment with property admin, 
tenants, housekeeping, com- 
mlttee meetings and charities. 
Pareonafty wSl Iw of prime 
hrmortancs as you must be at 
ease wmi people at a* levels 
from maintenance staff to toe 
Lord Mayor, being at tones 
very much a social sec. Three 
course lunch free daRy. £6.200 
+ benefits. 

Pttone 588 5551 
Ann Wentaoton SecCaraere 


■ RecepfTaL-£8|000 

For successful W. T.V. company. 
Eoetatt presertatio". wumfh and 
Charm, ags 21+. Good typing, and 
aMRy to 8WM at allawls. 




Proper^ OcMtapara 1" SW1 
raqUBl upwlenead PA/Sea«yY 
wtih excafant SH/typrifl. abet, tag 
mf WP tidfa, Pm*M **tmt**a 


Haua reply with CV and dtoals fa 
BuNaZSG WTbalttnas, 



far mi Mw8y to" tf i»op“V «•»*- 

an in M^far. 9ntiaad nd gead 
OWfa nqdnd *ti pradai* onpaiy ad 
WP.aqwfan ptariMi. **t*r/** 
■rod tnnu^Tri. 4M W1 
... MIS. OtaasMtal . 



(11Gf/65+Wf>) and an 'A‘ Lawf 
education 1 ara ossantfaL Aoa 28- 




ADMIN £10^)00 _ 

A lighhr moth/atad. flaxUa 
" MMdUal with strong ' 
co m m ai c a d amari a n c a It 
raqidred tor this ntamstional 
Cftrrputer company. You wdl be 
assisting iho Otaetor of lha 
London ofnesandhs wll raquirs 
you to anand mantogt. run the 
offlea s«rvicaasidt,Mwsflaa 
Using axtanshmly with 
Govemmnt offidaia. Weaty, 
you nditava vwy good 
a d m M at r wlwaxpwiii nc aand 
good oducilion. 

•• Your axoalsm typtoaend WP is 
. aaaoraaL' 




cniOT m 



£8,50(M- Eariy Review 

Tha Sartor Partna r ot thia 
estabMwd - Wamationd 
Chartarad Survayov, based h 
W1, naada an on tha bati PA to 
hedd tha tort to Ida abaanca. 
Bocoma .hwolwd to numerous 
property projects and enanga fas 
many aodd Iwcticxw of this fcn 
to ba nOh Company. 100/60 
apaada. awio and WP stas 

Tatophna 4B9 MIB 






This makrinc company ara 
fapktoc tor ■ bricfit. anthusiaitk 
parson to Mp tham run their 26 



Sacrataiy Racaptfaniat AaslatmL 
Spoken and written French an 

Telephone Netafie on 
01-437 5545/8422 

. Cwnputer Activities 

6dutfafataTrta«eta«t MW»WW 
to co-onSntta compidart*a#on. 
Would wk Mcrawy adn has pro- 
gmaed to IdmWJtrttion. Knofaadge 
of fWta350a BStafar and FM3. 
aaaantiaL Nofrattwtor^preMrreL 
Safay ranga: ttSOOWOO. 

01-7271842 far a p pa ratus fane 


Dua to tifa tootoaton' In fab C8y our 
dtonto n oflartag non oarear opt- to 
PA Sara at aUTawtow* «*.— 
cmartiy racrutitog tor Bom bwwaw 
and stedto r oto w * vd» toj addBton to 

aaa aaLoltor baremaine hoMorHi 

mortanga. Baste art. tram t SJMPc. 

no jssr . 

■toons aas MSI 

tora wtidn tha group. 

Tha ccopa of toll senior p os ition 
raqubaa ■ Mgh degree oftaetto- 
Htttva and raganisalional aHBy. 
Aoa 25-33 SfcBa 100/60 


Trade 01-278 9161/5 

(T Secretaries 


Attractive Salaries 
& 3% Mortgages 

Kleinwort, Benson Limited is one of the leading international 
merchant banks at the forefront of the reorganisation of the City 
of London. 

At this time of major change and expansion, we have openings for 
hard working secretaries at all levels within the Bank, which is 
situated dose to Fendmrch Street, Bank and Monument Stations. 

Applicants, aged between 21 and 40, must have good shorthand 
and typing with a minimum of two years secretarial experience, 
ideally from wi thin a City environment. 

We offer a competitive salary package induding 3% subsidised 
mortgage, non-contributory pension scheme and staff restaurant 

If you feel that you have something to offer in return, please write 
endosing full details to:- 

Elaine Douglas, Assistant Manager-Personnel, 

Kleinwort, Benson Limited, 20 Fhn church Street 
London EC3P 3DB- 

D Kleinwort 

flSQfl r ^^ Le International Merchant Bank . 



An enormously successful US 
Bank is tooting tor ambitious 

A level head & an organised 
mini] wifi thrive in the electric 
atmosphere of international trad- 
ing where an IndlvtdiBl contri- 
bution is vital to the many & 
varied fascinating protects. 

Show us bow fast you can move 
- and ring now! 

1 MMirectors 1 


OP Tel 01 629 9325 


to Managing Director 

Management Cbbsh Haney 

c. £10.000 + bonus 

Join ■ nemsfrt ud «wfa| 
Caxnftaacy. w ri rt Mag is 
la (emtio nal Exeeuiive Setith to 
ImnriaosWX offices. 

This busy job includes very varied 
secretarial wort • organising new 
business presentations ■ a s w a i n e 
n-iita ossisninems • senerai 
admin. Own oITicc with lots of 
lesponsibiliiy. A *e 25-«0. >bu 
must hose inidliectice, inhtoiivc, 
good npcricncc. secretarial 
training* tost accurate typiup. 
Phone Rath Sbcflcy — JU 2051. 


To assist Manager of busy 
SW1 art gallery. Usual 
secretarial duties ■ with 
responsltrifities far 

advertising and Batson with 
gallary artists. Mature and 
efficient . character 
Imperative. Minimum of 1 
yews' PA standard 
experience required. Salary 
£8,500+ negotlaWe. Write fa 
tha first instance with 
referees to The Sec ret ary, 
85 Bourne Street, London, 


As a member of our fast 
moving, young and Iriantfiy 
temporary team we wH keep 
you busy working for our 
interesting dtants 

throughout London. SkBIs 
80+ sh, 50+ typ . . Age 19-25. 

Please call 
437 41.87/89 


Restorers Workshop 
in Wandsworth 

Ha*** MMrisnead Sacratary to fain 

friandy offlea. Must Have good wc- 
waw shSa. Mtiatiw and pratorabiy 
•xperianra in smel company adnlnto- 
tntion. Aastard to dimetora md 
gamral manager, salaa and PAYE. 
Sane wp anacomouter knowtodge 
an advmnra ga ^ w angra M n toam. 

09 Angato Purvto 

01-874 4005 No Agendas 

Estate Agents 

Require an enthusiastic and 
bright secretary able to take 
responsibility. Must be wefi 
organized and sensfeie. 

Ptaese contact Fault Wood 
on £81 5402 


Required for parttw taj 
busifing friendly firm of 
Chartered Accountants near 
Fleet Street Salary aocord- 
to experience- up to 

Tel 01-353 9581x213 

Two P A/Admin 
Secretaries to 
Senior Partners 

Waus & Partners, Chartered 
Building Surveyors, require two 
experienced P A/Admin See- 
rrtarics in ibeir Si James's office. 
These posts offer considerable 
scape to develop into an adminis- 
trative role whilst poviding fall 
executive secretarial support. 

A minimum of 5 yeare" experi- 
ence is required, preferably in a 
professional office. Highly com- 
petitive salaries are offered 
together with staff profit share 
scheme, 35-hour flexible working 
week, optional pension scheme 
and foar weeks' holiday. 
Ptcase apply in writing with ev Uk 
M rs GiDfan Thalasrinos; 

Wans £ Partners 
IB Ind epen d ents Road 
London SE3 




Tte a a kWna opporhmty lo 
assist hi settkioup a mutetinn 
consutency. Twi position invoivea 
constant dent contact. (fcaSngs 
aMi auppfara and gsnoraly Mi- 
ning Oa once when lha boss « 
■way. Yew need to be patten! and 
Rouble to give things ■ chance lo 

If you tom excellent shorthand 
vd typing and need a luv varied 
postal wtii sane tor advance- 
ment. cafl AMANDA BUENO on 
734 0911 tar an (ramedtata 


Tradition & Pageantry 

This prestigious post requires 
a responsible P A/Sec who 
appreciates tha history of tha 
Oty and wishes far Involve- 
ment with property admin, 
tenants, housekeeping, com- 
mittee meetings and charities. 
Personality wfl be of prime 
Importance as you must be at 
ease with people at al levels 
from maintenance staff to tin 
Lord Mayor, being at times 
very much a social bsc. Three 
course lunch free dally. £8,200 
+ benefits. 

Phone 588 MSI 
Ann W a rrington Sec Careers 


International students house, a dub + 
tesidencs lot UK & overseas students 
In Park Crescent, Regents Park. 
£8.000 pa plus meals. Write tor de- 
eds to the 

House Manager 
229 Gnat Pntfuui Street, 



Covent Gdn property co. 
Work atone, tomativa. office 
adhnMstrafion. £8,500 nego- 





Interested in research? This 
wall known commotfity tradfag 
firm near Tower Hill is looking 
for a recent graduate age 21- 
25, to Join the research 
department as a secretarial 
assistant Working with the 
team of 3 people you wm be 
helping with the preparation of 
reports on different 
commodities and wfil become 
involved In some research and 
statistical work using a micro- 
computer. Shorthand not 
essential, accurate typing 
(50wpm) needed. Please call: 

5883535 . 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultant* 

18 Eldon Street EC2 


c £9,000 

Assist tin my busy Director of » 
snail Marie Charity and became in- 
nM wkb i dw rtBi nfl, mining 
awm ad ratting op committee 
megtiaga. tats if bison wtii toc- 
tosrs, stutterii nbo people in 
pop worii 

H yon ban bags ot nogy. 83/50 
skfc and ora numerated, an wtifiml 
yaw mwanis hare. 

Telephone 81-499 6870 


Y - 1 ! i - y-mBBrA 


.1 ’ll.. - . 1 t-'T 

Design Company 
in South Ken . 

WB provide an office design 
and ptarmlna service to ImcBna 
companies throughout the UK. 
Wo need a Sec/PA to assist 
our MD and help run the office. 
The Job is verted including 
typing to ■ high standard, PR. 
■ocounttofj. computer work 
(trslnkng provided) and 
personal correspondence. You 
need initiative, a sense of 
humour and to be well 
organised. Salary to SS.SOO 
(8.3.0) pius profit sharing. 
Please write or telep ho ne 
detaBe to Penny Raw! bison, 
C.E. Pfenning, 4 Cromwel 
Ptaoe, London, SW7 2JJ 
(No Agendas) 


The Chairman & Chief 
Executive of an International 
ratal & manufacturing group 
needs a PA with (S rector level 
experience & a stable 
commercial background. As 
well as inunaculatB secretarial 
skffls (100/60) you wti have 
confidence, poke & savor 
fairs to enable you to deal 
effectively wfth eminent 
people. This is a demanding 
role for which total 
commitment & a flexible 
attitude to working hours are 
pre-requisite. A car driver & 
non-smoker preferred, Age 

01-498 0092 





A UrfUartt opportunity to join the 
most sophisticated and railing 
cosmetics company In the mrid. 
Based in a dmaon of (he Martei- 
ng Section, asset in new Dratted 
development, organise conterences 
in stately homes all over England 
and hep in constant touch with 
the top UK outlets. The ranqe ot 
your activities between satas-tarce 
and creative team ensures a most 
inreresting day. 

With moo shorthand and typing 
cal LYNN LATT now on 221 







Responsible wofi-organlsed 
person with good phono man- 
ner: type tetters, CVs. reports, 
arrange interviews and greet 
efiants (60wpmJ. Salary nego- 
tiate + benefits. 

Firth Consultancy 

London SW1 

Phono Judith Rrth 01-930 5704 

. ... 

Are you career and money onan- 
tdefa Tlas compacy «a pm you 
rec po w Mi t y. a dnflvoi. tou 
Krtuont and oocnshr cBm 
Warn. Aa arahomt to too MJ), 
hdp Hi up raye Bnsnote tab. 
contact your mm masdotefas 
am be your own bora. 

Wtii pood audio or shritond and 
the «* to euccaed, cafl fans 


Two experienced secretaries 
required far busy expanding of- 
fice fa OhBlsea. 

Excellent working comfittons 
and remuneration lor the suc- 
cessful candidates. 

Telephone Madeline Clarke 
01*351 3131 


c£9,000 negotiable + benefits 

l^«j-.iilJjKi l far:|-:i|3 a a r 1 

An estabSshod bid sflfl expanding 
oonsuHancy near Charing Cron 
Station require an oocceflont 
oraon to ar to co-ontinuo (My 
tanlnlGtration. Good typing speeds 
are essential, rusty 

ahortfiand/audto m* be an 
advantage as would i Kvefy earns 
ol htxnour and toe abCty to cope 
inter pressure. 

EH11AI ELLfS - SI-305 9344 



Successful Cteatsaa 

property Co ta looking hr 
someone to totaBy oraertse 
their c hairma n. Applicants 
should be mature 8 capable 
A oreoarad to turn a hand to 


A Seererary/Reoapttartst Is required 
by amal aovaritaing agency to work 
wtii b Diroaor In ptoaaanl officn df 
Balter St Muat be aaonto typtjt and 
used lo audto wort. ShanMnd heiptid 
but not essential fttendy Wormti 
a tmos ph ere, 
p flffiin nag. 

Hofldayarrangtenenta honoured. 




PA Secretory to. pertoer or 
mrveyor’s practice Midi 
with ell facets of scrianl prac- 
tice, Shar tiuwl add aeneo of 
humour assail tfaL JCWX® uat 
01-788 0038 Ref OKS 


Small friendly firm in Holborn 
SoBotor in the Property De- 
partment. Excellent Salary. 

Telephone 242 2905 Reft 

dhr/kw NO AGENCIES. 




our rate tor lari 

Thebattle , iSSi!?* 





PRICES FROM C45JXK TO £I20£(n (ertject to contract) 

“fea; r? a' ^ 



12J0 pm-5 pm SUNS 




WM:i f 2;Sar|H!: 

The Cheltenham Goldloan rate for 
endowment or pension linked mortgages 
is currently 12.9% typical APR 13.9%. 
Compare that with the rates offered by 
other leading building societies and 
banks and you'll see just how 
competitive Cheltenham Goldloan is. 

Loans are available for mortgages 
of £30,000 or more, including 
remortgage arrangements. Naturally 
security will be required for the loan and 
tire rate may vary. 

For full written details simply 
complete and return the FREEPOST 
coupon or, if it’s more convenient, call 
into your nearest C&G branch. 

iTo-Xheftenham & Gloucester Building Society, 1 

l FREEPOST. OieKenham, Gloucestershire GL50 1 RR. I 

Please send me full written details on Cheltenham Goldloan. 

1 Address 



* Vh times income or 2% 
times joint income 

* 100% mortgages up to £67,000 

* Non status loans up to 

* MIRAS over £30,000 

Sing (01) 235 0691 for fall information 

25a Motcomb St London. SW1 

St Georges Fields, W2 

A ground & 1st floor 
Maisonette which Is part of an 
excellent modem development 
situated fust to the north of the 
Baysweter Road, and vary 
conveniently placed for the 
West End and only a few 
minutes walk from Hyde Perk. 
The maisonette has a bright 
reception room with the 
balcony overlooking the 
communal garden and with the 
great advantage of a covered 
car parking space. Recap, 2 
beds, kitchen, bath, terrace, 
use of communal gardens. 
1 Kyrs.ei 20 . 000 . 

01 727 9811 

UTTIE VBKE/MMM WALE. Lea lea. eflfi 
SMuSWt indue gfe 3 fLs. ET40.SC0 spam 
la comrakn. 4 dbfe tadnra. 3 bates (2 
reb). MtxlStL Swindle ktC bfst ter. 
ctem. racm; 29x21ft dUe toped 21*1 5ft. 2 
tenter marauds mbps, carport to 2 care. 
FH £450,000. 

tee 2400 sq ft fadna sooth war flagarte 
Carol wttt attraefiw front gdn + 50R unraac 
mar gdn. Lge pallo + pond. 3 dUa tednn, 2 
tattoos, 1 $b no, ctan. stuto/flti ted cdtb 
ten. 2DRxl6R. German de si gner*, at Naff 
appCanees. blast bar. aody/iining iiti/ibb. 
iHtxm Lge iftte aspect to. aawsm. 
bstoonies £120,000 spent h twwoUon. FH 

81-493 9941 or 499 9981 

iHumpstenri MV.’ 

' .■^•' Immaculate 3/4 bedroom freehold detached house 

Fully air<ondrtioned ' . Sophisticated electronic- security 
-. Quiet exclusive cul-de-sac- - ’-. Tastefully interior designed 

'"'fy i': 695, tiOO - ; V - " ; ' 



458 JStenfaec 

73U raafies 

Royal Crescent, 


A rare finally house on a 
magnificent crescent, in mint 
condition, on communal 
gardens having superior self- 
contained flat, plus main 
boose of 4 beds, 1st floor 
recep with balcony , stud y. 
dining room, fully equipped 
kitchen, 2 baths, cDm, 70ft 
wtst-£scin£ walled garden, 


603 9276 


Four MlgnM newly bum mama 
houses. iBuMsd within a very 
rzdmtvr flat devatopmeni. 
Theoe houaca have z bedrooms. 2 
bathrooms. a reception room. 6 
ndm x S metre*. dlnlno area. 

For buying or osUtna your homo we 
cnargs £280 (+ VAT and dtshwe- 
mental a* a flat fee up lo £ 60.000 
Ring us for oar tea an olher Erans- 
acOan. We can help you obtain a 

Eaton Square SW1 

Charming cottage in quiet 
private road with patio at 
rear. 3 beds, 2 baths, 2 
recaps, 57 year lease 

POUT! & CO. 


Magnificent eighth floor penthouse with panoramic views over Hyde 
Rant and to south, ideal for entertaining. 27’6 x 2Z reception. IS 1 
dmmg room. A beds including principal suite, 2 baths, shower room, 
fully fitted tat Int design and fitted to a wry high standard. Lease 
64 years. £600,000 to me carpets, curtains and and kit equip. 


A superb third floor flat overlooking Farm Street gardens. 
Professionally desisted interior decor. Fine double recep, dirung 
rnifetud* 2 beds, hath, shower room, superb kitchen. Lease 124yHan 
£430.000 to inc entire contents. 

i YfrT T 43 S f .:'James : s Piace 

- Condon SWlA I PA' 

£ HARDING 01-499 0866 

Bassett Road, W10 

Reduced for quack sale. Gar- 
den flat in me new conver- 
sion having 3 beds, 2 baths 
19ft smith facing recep. Well 
kitchen enormous 



Rjt buying yew home we ebatge A 
FLAT FEE of £I7S <+ VAT & dis- 
bunements) for prop en iea up u 
flOQLOOOL Compemive ntu above 
£10(1000- Mortgages arran ged. 

81-556 1328/9 - 

Lonsdale Square 

BeaudfuOy restored 1B30*a house, 
o vettoohtag knraly garden sq. accent: 
4 bods, 2h baths. 2 neap, Ige newly 
fined Weft sop din rm. 90ft gdn CH 
CHW afl pwtad features retained ted 8 
wortdng tbeptesea, a/c basement M 2 
rro kft ft bth. FtanUMd the highest 
e tan d er d ft BJUieB e n ta b u clu i l 4 decor- 
ative condition. CJoso to afl smsns. 
F/H. Ril vacant posMSteon £2594100. 

TeL 01 -607 3789 


Buyaja bone eraaapartmeat is London 
bet cat spue the tone ud effort? 

Lode jperiifisaa for yon. 

Telephone: (61) 740 6527 
Telec 897121 


Dm to expansion a top quality 
mxo parson iwaM tor tmnr 

Bayswater. Bargain 

2 bedroom gad® ntentets-fooMdec 
ante. Urge hiog raora. MKten / tflnar. 
btenoto i ma wc ft dealt Of. long 
base, tow msgtiigs- £BR5M 

01-828 6172 (day) 
01-229 8831 (eves) 

By Diana Wildman : 

As prices in London’s prime housing' 
arras continue their upward spiral,: 
residential property investors con- 
tinue to seek out suitable .sites oh. 
which to build top. quality develop- 1 
ments of ho uses and fiats. 

By definition it is not an easy 
to find tracts of undeveloped land in 
the centre of London. Most planning 
authorities prefer conversion behind 
existing facades to demolition and 
rebuilding from scratch, so such large 
sites rarely come on to the open 
market and competition to purchase 
is fierce. 

In the case of four such schemes, 
beautiful and' expensive homes are 
bring, or are about to be, built on the 
sites of a redundant hospital, a 
Victorian church and - Olympia’s 
famous Cadby Hall and, at the edge of 
Hampstead Heath, near Highgale 
Village, on what was, until a couple of 
years ago, half the 14-acre gardens and 
parkland of Whahhurst, considered 
London’s second largest private house 
after Buckingham Palace. 

Last spring Rosehaugh Copartner- 
ship Ltd, the residential development 

All the gardens will be 
individually landscaped 

side of Rosehaugh pic, bought the 
seven acres of Witanhurst's parkland, 
which already had planning per- 
mission. for about £7 million. The 24 
detached houses are being buOt for 
phased completion this year. The 
whole scheme, now. known as 
Highfields Grove, is due to be 
finished early next year. 

The first phase of Highfields Grove 
will be ready for occupation by May 
and this includes a showhouse. The 
houses, which come in six styles, all 
have either four or five bedrooms, 
with bathrooms en suite; and two or 
three reception rooms. There are 
double garages with sweep-in drives 
and steps down to the private road. 

All gardens will be individually 
landscaped to blend in with the 
sloping site and to take advantage of 
the views over Hampstead Heath. 

As with moat up-market modern 
schemes, which tend to appeal to both 
the British and the overseas buyer, 
security features , highly in Rose- 
ha ugb’s marketing policy. . 

Highfields Grove: Five of the houses are planned bitlusstyk r 

The managing director, ian Row- 
‘ berry, says: “The electrically operated 
gates leading into Highfiekls Grove 
have 24-hour supervision by a gale, 
lodge porter. The lodge has telephone 
and video links to each house and all 
residents have control of the entry 
’ gates." ■ ' . 

Nine of the houses are sold, three 
are under offer. Hampton Sons’ 
Hampstead office are sole agents for 
the development, where prices range 
from £750,000. to 1.5 million for the 

freehold. . \ 

Alex Neil '& Co and Chestertbns are 
joint agents for Rosehaugh Copartner- 
ship’s latest- proposed block of 56 
units in Bayswater. construction of 
.which is due to begin- this year. The 
development, in Gloucester Terrace, , 
will be on the site of the 19th-century 
Holy Trinity Church, just under -an 

Mr Rowberry" says: “We have scM. 
75 per cent of the Trinity '.Court 
scheme, priced between £1.57,00 and 
£245,000 for the two- and three-bed-' 
room flats, and from. £260,00 to 
£350,000 for the peuthouses, ofTpIan, ' 
and, subject to . planning "consent 
which is hoped to be granted within 
the next month or so, plan to - 
complete all- the apartments during 
1987. . .TV; 

“All we’ve done so ' fer : is to 
excavate the old crypt Afl flats will 
have -video' entry systems, secure " 
parking and full portoage. and are 
bring sold cm a 125-year feafie.” . _ 

Windsor Way is a luxury develops 
ment of 177 .town' -bouses, terrace - 
apartments .and ground-floor retire- 
ment flats, being built' on the throe 
and a half acres once occupied fry 
Gadby Hall in West Kensington. 

Phases one and two are .built and . ; 
sold and further phases will be 
marketed during the rest of this year. - 

Ian Glazer; of Dnice & Co. the 
Kensington agents, handling safes; - 
says: “Out of the 16 homes in phase 
three, which is due for completion by ' 
May, eight remain,- with one-bedroem 
units priced from £9?,500, twm 
bedrooms from £175,000; : while tfre . 

penthouses are ftuȣ37*0fl6'fo r .ft,r 
125-year leases.'" i '■ 

wmuaui designed in 

a dramatically: mpderfl ' gtyfe with 
wide, sweeping - windov* ‘ bokflv 
breakirtg, up the ^ugufer red tmefc. 
work. Every hoatt .fras' ^hher * 
balcony or. patio anifroth Ihe houses 
and five flnkal^pailment Hocks are 
arranged . around landscaped pedes- 
tnanized courtyards^; - 

At the eurrance to Windsor Wav 
which is in Brook there is. a 

gatehouse and every boute\wai have a 

video. security system as .wril as « 
audio link to the duty portei'. ' 

Two years ago. : ; Banatt^'staricd 
setting the. first of the eventual 317 
stnefios arid one-bedrboni and two- 
bedroom apartments which it planned 
to build, on the' right- acres where 
Fulham’s Western Hospriaf once 
stood, just -five minutes’ walk -from 
theEatis Court exhibition centre; - 

The scheme has been a .seSbnt so 
far, vrith most units being ptochased 
off-plan soon after being put on the 
market' The last 70, with prices 
ran^Mfrom £54^00 to £170,p00.fbr 
the 999^year leases, are now available; 
ah d Barra tt Central -London’s manag- 
ing director, .Dayid PrettyJsrys the 
whole development should be com- 
. pletedby the end of this year.’-' . - 

The hriut' of ■Bromptori' Park is a 
two-acre. pafk v aroand which -the low 
rise blocks -are grouped; all with a 
patio dr balcony, fcs- often as not 
designed; with traditional" Regency- 
style wrought-ironwoik. 

; As well as tha mandatory security 
system, Brampton’ . Park has; . the 
attraction' .of - an . indoor. '. leisure 
complexl Ttnav indudes a t heated 
s wimmuig pool, saunas; solaria and a 
gymhaosuri;''''..focilities-.'nof usually 
mcofpocaied s into . ; urian. develop- 

overseas property 

Trade 01-8371987 
Private 01-8373333 OF33U 



1 1 UAHS' 

Ski + Leam French 

Young dynamic Sec tor Inter- 
natlmal Consulting firm, work- 
ing language Engfish. Good 
skits - IBM PC ft French A. 
Temp/perm empteyment Excel- 
lent career prospects. Start 
ASAP. London Interviews Jan 
25-27. CaB/Write with cr, contact 
datais & photo: Wendy Wgg. 
Thortjurn ft Assc. PO Box 730, 
1001. Lausanne. Switzerland. 
Tel 01 041-21 -281 028. 



We have at present oppor- 
tunities within the Industry 
for secretaries wishing to 
become more involved. 
Languages useful. Salary 
£9300 plus. For details 
please contact Victoria 
Graham Ltd (Roc Cons) 
01-493 4487/3492 



Sunday 19th January 12-8 pm . 

Tavnerstar 01-549 4251 

Dominic Houwe, 171-777 London tM^KtngaktnVpoa-Tttamea, Sumy KT2 


Irae^ne wiasdariverraiiit. /rat’WginaieeteraGcaeva - 5aarifinr. .'.sfcnac 
.ikadaf. ._Snfonteiag-.'-ftOtf.-..'.te>ae-raSag wpeib ivsiBiiranti4l 
.dippe'. .XntcmitknaiBcfaoals. . ..sfliet to wooded skipra with l e ft 

Mn a wfi e views. . .. - 

AUdBe-andmofe-ymneflEndet VUXARS-stnnoriCTiflagcvndia . 


©Trade 01-278 9161/5 


New bnwtrarat iuMteafo leMe rate ottec. 

Excetfenr income potential. 

Awigea ooeeqa ra idea ftJJy Krvked apartmests with ail tbe foeflitia of a 
tamry hoed -tedoor pooL iqudt. ban, iratanranLctc. 1 to4 room apci Iron 
SFOOflKL*. .. . 

UptoflOTLSwin Bnencc av ahMe at fo v mn aMctai iis . ' ~i:r- 

Mmt tteSwimeeratopariHlTHE MAT FAIS HOTEL. LCMDON.W1: 

. w-apm ’• ' 

30*31 Jaimaiy* UtFebraary ’ -w 

For details mdappaintmeai contact: . 

UnARY SCOTT LTD. - - n r 

422 Upper Rkhmmd Road Weal, C3 - ■ - 

a Mtefo>M«*7C«aS5 -• 

Tdex92702S . 







Reputras an axpvlencad audio 
Bttaatkin secretary to work far two 
p art ners In the ouftSng Rdgadon 

SdteydnattUOQ, alaenmAsdat 
krior Wpation secratvy w» Some 
experience to w«k tort anasajstant 
eddiar. Safoiy wca ES^XXL Based 
m Ceronl Osteen, m haw ai^wti 
'modem offleea wan eusSent 
aqubmenL Wort processing 
trafemg wfl be given. Yearly salary 
review. Par fufl deans please ring 

836 9081 ext 38 


Assistant E8.NI 
Aga 23+ we seek a was 
prosontad and e du c a ted BriSeti 
G ec r e iar y to |otfi two soft 
oomnxx M y dec la re to a tmal 
nper omce ovwleoUng Tower 
Bridge and London Tower. Must 
have excaflant ea a et artd akOs. 
Good Know le dge of French. 
booMceaptoB n poaaUa. to 
tiandte « aomlnistraiiwi duOee. 

Fra* Cremk IM, UweaHaol 
Haan. 1 St Maarten Ssf LI. 


Audio Secretary 

to wofK to Senior pwtner. nun haw 
worked at Sew totel pevtaidy, deasng 
wwroleasanwEwa train on WP. Salary 
rwgcotoie. Age 25*-. Ptease contaa 
Louise Bdgaod. 01 -488 9691 


ABE 25-35 TEARS 

Wei presented. Fluent Bfl bl i 
and French. Qood typing auBy, 
good memory, wMng to araL 

Plaaae eead CV and M datm 
to Boa 1312 N, Tta Tteea. 


For busy friendly architects office bi 
SW4. Good salary ami trotting con- 
iStlons. Age between 25-45. Must be 
non-smoker. To start as sotm as 


IBM Displaywriter 
Phillips 5020 
Data Logie 


Copy Typists ^ 


Temporary Staff Consultants 

1 Kfegsway, London WC2B 6Xf. Teh 01*836 9272 
Doke Street House (Opposite Selfridges), 

415/417 Oxford Stmt, London W1R IFH. Teh 01-629 9863 




8m cteawgof ma local 

stone |amJ tfw ovartiawng of the roof. .. “i"*' 

At prefer ttw ownercroccupy pan of tf» - 
five stowysi letting the remainder, and the' 
Ssmfea'ooukJ .be for either family • -45. 
ocaij^ion or «flviskx> Into apartments; - ■ 
subject*) consent • 

OWCftandtey in The 
Pmnttiada, tytbe, Hampshire, baa bean 
converted into a three-bedroom house 

with the mein accommodation on the 
mat floor to taka advantage of the fine . 
vtaw weff Southampt o n Water. The Bated 
buBdtog, with exposed beams* has a 
private yacht mooring, and Jackson and 
Jackson of Lymfngton is asking £99,500. 

In Dickens; t^rritpry 

■ The maze of afleywaysat the back of 
Seven Dials in London's Covent Garden 
area achieved anotoriousTBpatation as 
the haunt of Moves and niay have 
provided thomodel for some of the . 
activities chronicled by Charles Dickens^ - 
Tower. Court is largely hidden from view ; 
but has a number of Georgian houses, 
three of which have been restored from a 
dereHct stale by Jane Butter. Mrs Butter is 
seffing"No 6, which has been comptetely . 
refurbished and contains period features,' 
Including fireplaces, on its five floors. The 
house has three to four bedroonfe, two 
bathrooms and three reception rooms, 
and Hampton and Sons Is asking for . . 1 
offers sround£300,000. 

if Gate Housefn Petersham, Surrey,' Is ‘ 
a secluded country cottage only nina' r 
ndtes from London, bout In the vBtage 
created in the 17th and 1 Mi centuries 
vrtien Richmond Pjtrk became a favourite 

^arsonag$Farm, rt, Aldington, Ashford, Kent, is a* Grade D listed, 
ISfli-ceirim^^termer rectoTy probably dating from 1400 and remaining 
In that use until the Civil War around 1048. Among its rectors were Sir 
Thomas Umacre, who helped to found the College of Physicians and was 
tnteir -to Prince Arthur, elder: brother of Henry VB3, and Erasures of 
'Rotterdam; Forerunner of the Protestant reformers. The timber-framed 
boose was faced with brick in the 17th century, and has fine timber 
framework and beams in its three reception rooms and fire bedrooms. 

-Strutt & Parker is asking £129,950 for the house and about one acre 

>* hou«e, ben«Yed to have been a meeting 

JGS house, became a private house at the 

^ beginning of this century, mid SavBfeis 
askb^for often of gioteihan £250,000 
^ far. the thr e e be<hbom cottage. ■■ 

\2 The; servants’ yiilagp 

■ Holly WPage in Hlghgate, north 
r. London, is a development of 12 houses 

bust by Henry Asttey Darbishire In 1 865 
: ^ for Baroness Burdett-Coutts, Intended to 
accommodate her retired servants. Eveiy 
^ house in this Aria example of mpckQothte 

; Victorians is different and air are. 

embellished wtthcarvad yvood and fancy 
stonework. The main enhance to the 
village is throughan arched gateway 
which leads onto the main lawn of me 
gardens, and both houses and gardens- 
are preserved sb they were when first . 

- ; bunt >to 7 Is for sate through Bentfeys of 

;c Hampstead atil70i000.- , 

■The Old Court House te a haft-timbered 
-c 15th-century bouse In Castle Combe, 
near Chippenham, buBt when the area 
was prosperous because of its. doth 
' ~ inctes&y.A ihundontheplastenimik . 

cof«k»ed the'wmtrtwraofftenry VHI, 

~ and fce two-bedroom house Is for safe at 

■ -• £75JXMMvoagttHumi>mtB'C Np pt} nhnm . 
office and Prtte ha rdsot Bath. 

By Christopher Wannan 

‘ ' Property Correspondent 

The Government's annual Budget ■" 
manoeuvring .seems to start -earlier 
every yeah The Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, -Nigel Lawson, spent the 
weekend with his Treasury .'.ministers 
discussing - the priorities - and 
deciding that personal tax cuts were 
top : of the list if other pressures 
permit.'' - : _ - 

. - Already he is being bombarded' 
with advice and' suggestions, and the 
property field has not been slow to 
imake its contribution. While the 
National Council of Building Material 
Producers has made a formal 
submission of. its proposals to -the 
ChanceDor, estate agents who are 
members of the . Incorporated Society 
of Valuers and Auctioneers have been 
reporting back from the grass roots on 
what they see as important. 

' Given that Mrs Thatcher and her 
Government have the expansion of 
home ownership as ope of their long^ 
term priorities, their views may well 
be significant. 

' In the past week Vincent Ke lineal- 
ly, the -association’s president, com- 
menting on his organization's latest 
house price .survey, said; “A sur- 
prising number bf. agents report 
growing complaints about the rack 
dence pf stamp duty on flats and 
smaller properties predominantly 
purchased by first-time buyers. With 
many young people in the south 
having to pay in excess of £35,000 to 
£40,000, the burden of this further 
cost is hard to bear. ' 

“For first-time buyers in the south 
and for those trading up in lower-cost 
areas, ; eo Upward review of stamp- 
duty, bands would be welcomed in the 
Chancellor’s statement*’ 

• This view, is the. distillation of 
jhembfens* &Wh comments:: TTiui Hi 
W. ■; Collingridge. of 'Harry Rona 

Partnership at Wickford, Essex, says: 
“We are of the opinion that the 
market and transfers of p r oper t y 
. would be improved if the . Govern- 
ment were to raise the ceiling for 
stamp duty above the present £30,000 

B. D. Booth, of Gribble, Booth and 
Taylor in Yeovil, Somerset, empha- 
sizes: “It would certainly help the 
market if the traditional bugbear of 
stamp duty could be abolished or at 
least alleviated to. some extent” 

Other agents weigh, in on mortgage 
tax relief. B. J. Elphick, of Osenton, 
Lamden, in Ash lead, Surrey, admits 
that an increase in relief would be 
welcome, if unlikely: “A mortgage of 
£30,000 has become very modest and 
tax relief up to £50,000 would be 
helpfuL” John Cox of Best and Cox, 
Salisbury, goes even further in his 
hopes with the optimistic suggestion 

Encouragement to revive 
inner city areas 

.that the market could be improved by 
government action resulting in a 
lower mortgage rate and lower stamp 

Among the sub missi ons from the 
Building Material Producers is the 
recommendation, in view of the 
condition of the housing stock, that 
occupants and owners should be 
encouraged to improve houses and 
flats by the offer of tax allowances on 
renovations, or by the introduction of 
VAT zero-rating on the improvement 
of those built before 1961. 

Along with the house builders, they 
are also calling for financial incentives 
to encourage the private and public 
sectors to enter into partnership to 
bring about .the inner city regener- 
ation which the Government wants. 

In view of repeated statements 
from the Government that there is no 
more public money, this fs unlikely. 


MEUDBM. Family name overlooking 
li—nnfiil countryside- G mo ran. 
recep. dtntng anJauD 9 kit with 
aU AMrilanoa*. uuoiy rm. dble (nrapr. 

townhouses pim 2 nets plus 
. refurttsltmant or existing buiuoa 
into . 3 . 600 X 000 sg ft of office ac- 
commodation. £578.000. 0202 


MtUTTON PARK. PrtnM building plot 
available tai conservation area dose 
la Wimbledon. 9.6m x 37m to suit 
luxury 3/4M noun wBh garage Sc 
gar «m_ £5Q.OOQ. An coouinei to ante 
■BUM Finch A Co. 042 1X93/4. 

WALES - BOWER, Beautifully sftu- 
umL Tumistied holiday' bungalow. 
Quiet fishing vnugt. ideal retreat or 
lucrative letttng. £14.900. 0792- 

©Trade 01-837 0645. Private 01-837 3333 or 3311 


Cantra% tocalad. nmety decorated, 
spacious 2 dbubto bedroom apart- ' 
mart, done to stappfag and wna- 
port tacauas of Guntur Road.: 

1 bathroom, 1 targe recaption... 
AvaKaUo now. Company 1st. £190-- 

Kensington Office:. 
01-937 7244 

■ LmaVTkx Advice. 
Pefsonaraed Service through 
6 computer Bnked offices. 


Un»nd i badrodm Oashabr flat 
Wtti faroa aeuiMacihfl root tairnm 
Jn. mqdteh .:W«* wWv axosOarx 
security. Dgublg . ba*oom wWi 
■dJoWnfl drasaing room. SttuatKl 
tlas & Tuba awton*. Avatabta now 
for fl momtaM. £176 pw. 

Hyde Park Office: 
01-262 5060 


rtcssxtos recaa. hay naaa _mx new- 


6 Arlington Street, London SW1A 1RB 01-4938222 


VM eqappad 2 bedroom tai m pb block 
with Jtanspmt airfmw* nw- 

by. Modem lurrttum wkL daca- B » 12 

01-631 5313 

Hampton & Sons 

rj’TiiniKi rp'vU L ; .'ri 

: 01 - 493.8222 

□wtsi Street, LtwtoVf 

Prantar rnaidemU btedbig to- 

-~k\ r\i'i m k.s 

" The Li-ttinyAsje'nis " 



■4VBW4TBV Ht«h anWnb 
cx*m. 2 bad*. iwupMb. 0“ OifOw. 


CLEVBMO sa W2. Baauauy OH a*L 

^My.ESisr fcte,M,yia “ 

HYDE PARK RACE. W2. Ttl*y wadaaAr 
p*Mtaaaa M W* net axnaas oMnowqo- 
n>U 4 m a I PM. a bans, S Mta, a 

Maytair offica 493 StM 
WJWtCK SO. SW1. Superb 1 bad 
Sat, non otoofcfcig (prona. k&b. 
Oaa Ch/Oiw. Uas d oardsns and 

SW1 . BdpM. 3rd » M wtti Wt 2 dbla 
bads, recap, Ub. paa Oi/Qm. 
CISOpw. Go's only. . 

PfcaOco offlea B34 731B. 
FULHAM. Cbanring 1 bad Abl recap, 
Mb, gaa Ch/Cfw t. Oo’soniy. ElOOpw. 
W14. SMocdan ct atudto flats with 
k&b. gaa Ch/Ctiw. £9Cto». 

West London office 602 2428 


1st floor flat, 28ft 
reception room, study, 2 
bed. rooms, 2 bath 
rooms, fully equipped 

£500 p.w. o.n.o. 

352 8111 



A tatectrai of rinfio/1/2 
bnkn flats in axaBut n«w 
dawlprat with Man 
centre, swimming pod, 
gym, sauna ate. Comm 
l*a, - afl have If kft. 
bekonv/patio, parfckig 
spaa. 1/2 baths. From 


J An scorn be 
I i -i w. ' & Ring land 

^ 'RtisiileiU^I LRtfmgr, 


1 bed, interior designed flax nr 
tube. Porter, video, .enny- 
phone. Co long leL £155 pw. 


2 dUe bed flax with kmg French 
windows. Large recep, kit, 
washer/dryer, bath. Poner. 
video entryphone. Co long let 
£295 pw. 

01-930 7321 



urgentfy rwjulred quality Hats arid 
houses bi Lxaidon for executives 
and company lets. 


01 <949 2482 

urfun flat 2/3 beds, 2 baths, I go 
recep. ail machines. £500p.w. 

Btecudva A bed 3 haft hse idtb 
Granny annexe hse, swimming pool, 
sauna. £450p.w. 

ESHER. Det 4 bed hse well fum. afl 
machines aid. Gardener. £250p.w. 
RQCUFFE SO. SW10. Most attract- 
ive apt iwfli recep area on 3 levels. 2 
beds, beautifully dec. & tun. 

HYDE PARK SO. Defightful 2 bd flat 
superbly situated shops and public 
transport £22Sp.w. 'me eh. and h.w. 
CHAWUN HOI. SB. Private esL 
superb town hse. 2 recaps, kft/bricfst 
rm, 3 beds, gga. Wall dec & tun 

DULWICH. Spacious well dec & fum 


OvMon Oardaoa SW3 newly dec 
lei floor flat ki axcaiant p/b 
SCnWKsfxWoa Mode wflh Dft 4 pwc- 
ar. 2 beds, recep. super Ml A bath, 

LMliam Owdana WB tat floor flat 
wWi Sft i porter. 2 beds bath, sep 
dc rm. rgesp & ML £200 pw. 

01-581 7646 

UduubI pnOy boun n ouet cokhHoc 
wfltr ittnctm gmlHi Md rod tonaca. 
diawng rm. dHnq area. W/bUtast. 2 bada. 
2 MhE. £250pw lurafeAsd. 


Naorty iwiaiarand & camatad Nona dosa 
to shops & vanapon. 3/4 beds. 2/3 recaps, 
2 tMha, not terrace E350p« ucfiartstaL 

01-584 5361 



Attracdva mews nouaa off Porcneetor 
Tsmua consisting at 3 bedrooms, 2 
b a throoms. (1 onauto with spa bath) 
targe open-plan kitchen / reception 
room, spiral Manatee is huge, roof 
terrace. Ganging far I car. £600 pw. 


1st floor flat which has Just bean 
newly decorated. 2 bedrooma, large 
reception / doing room, bathroom) ft 
hily fined ML C2S0 pw. 

01-937 96B4. 

Telex 894568 


Geo hse grade 11 4 bed, thru recep 
conservatory, d/room, pine floor. 
tii9y fit tdr. oven/hobAtood, bem, sep 
sftonwr room. AS new atac^iuTto- 
7gaa CH/plomer/root. Dbte daz ong 
. pate doora panels anuttara morale 
teopteces/OfljboeitJs. Sunken park), 
vaiVL yortt path, nmnga. Must sal. 

PMBpa 01-968 72S0 


Lhpit Modeni 1M Floor FUt 


Day S88 7087 
Eves 871 0483 

Detached Edwanttn house. 5 mlnutas 
station; 5 bedrooms. 2 large recep- 
tions, playroom, utiHy room, spactaus 
MKhonflrBokfast roam (tnortomteod 
wtti many odgha) tortures); conserva- 
tory onto large garden. 

£197,000 freehold 
Phones 01-878 1463 

OVAL. Two-bad. sunny garden flat. 
Fined ktL octi. 15 mhs West End; 
Oty. long lease. £48.000 o . n-Q. ’ 
OI -408 2SBB «* 336 or 01-755 3067 

HERNE HILL End of terrace 4 bed- 
house. 9» eh. 3 recep. mod tot and' 
bathroom, sap wv Ig* cellar, dose BRi 
£86.000. 01-737 1008. 

dc excedaiu decor. £*9.000. 
2923 eves/ wkands. 

FOREST HILL. Modem 3 bed wwi 
toe. outer cul rtewre-oc^goe. ctose' 
amenlUcs. CS7^CX3. 699 S7G7. 

SWli Lge mm nr lube. 3 Mj *._ bfiSi 
fire, gas ch. epte. own gdn. MJOO. 
67G 0894 OU 493 0630 IWL 

PUTNEY. Large enlel mnnston flat In B 
acres, gardens. 3 bedrooms, a reccp- 
Dans. kitchen, bathroom. 2 wen. 
^or teray g freehold: £97^00. - Ol- 

MILWICH. Townhouse, mod Inunac. 
4 bedrms. laundry rm. gge. odn. 
GCH. Close Village. B/H. 
vtctofis/aiy 12 mins. £09.930. 670 


BATTERSEA SWli. EteganI relurh 
hen 4 beds. 3 bath*. raccJOL COMK-V. 
roof lerr. Odn. v rtegnnL wonh 
viewing. £136.000 ono. Spencers, 

flal. a bed. large Qlled tot, dining rm. 

KINGSTON. Det house, ne stn & part. 
3 beds. 2 recep. ctoakrrn, coraervn- 
locy. 40* garden gaa OL mod & 
tMehaily dec. £7Tj»o. 01-649 

KINGSTO N. Un apt hi lovely around* 
Richmond Park. 2 dbM beds. 

spacious kxmge. sunny aspect. Porter 
& aecuruy access. £49.960. 01-641 

HBB ML S1TBL Began terraced hrua 
tumrEtofl to a tags EtBKtant. 3 SUb and 1 
serfs beds. 2 rweps. steal tar mtertamnfl. 
2 bams. Sftrattaa rm, nfled gdn. Gts 
CH. Lcng ce tal. E475f*. 

RHflHTSmmSE SW7. Pratty 3rd Ik ns, 1 
gje.^1 2 recaps, im ft Wh. os 


01-581 2987 


I! I-*' 1 'n. I ji-Tiii • 

For advice and a caring comprehen- 
sive service call in and see Pippa or 
telephone 01-785 6222. 


OASIS OFF A2, 15 mins Chartng X. 3 
beds, open plan gd floor. Summer 
seclusion: winter views London. 
£79.000. Ol 692 0936. 

DOCKLANDS. Flab A borowttiromrfv 
out the Dockland* Tor rate. Docklands 
Property Centre. 01-790 9B60. 

SE22. Overlooking PetAham Rve.^2 

bed flat In Vlnorun toe. own Odn. 
£39,950. Tel Ol 299 1740 w* * eves. _ 
CAMBERWELL. - 2 bed. TO £36.960. 
- Tel 274 9268 for brochure. 


i* . ' . 

r v j 1 j t i 1 Tfrn?r??1 


J ■ 1 1 

OUIET MEWS, Chelsea SWA suitable 
single person, avail now, £200 pw. 
221 8404. 

Dab or university & BrUtah Museum.. 
Helen Watson & Co. 680 6276. 

WALTON STREET I bed rial l/c. CH. 
ahl or la leL £176-£2SOpw. 01-684; 

CMtLDREK/PETS OK 3 bed send.- 
recep. pan. handy tube. £12opw. 
OOtere. 627 2610. Homdocatars. 

LVHAMS Lenina and _Man*oern«n 
sendee In W & SW London care, 
totally lor your home. 736 6603. 
SPACIOUS 2 bed flat recto*, eh., 
phone. £87 pw. Outers. 627 2610. 
Hometewators. an wan. 

AVAIL NOW) 1 bed flat. CH. recep.' 
phone, gdn. £70 pw. Others to. 627 
2610 Homotocators. 

WS - Newly decorated 1 be d flat, ren t 
to Include cfcw/24 hr. eh/porterege-.. 
£1 lOpw. Tel: eves 741 4124. 

WEST KEN exc J bed. reeoep. bam «l. 
flat, an machines. Co let ClSOp.w 
Lawson A Herman 938 3426. : 

S.W.7. 2 bedim balcony naL Nnjb! 
refurbbhod. Short or long let; 
£250pw. Tel 3896709. 07 . 

SWT ExcaUonl 2 Iwd ftoL K“5KSSiI!2" 
lined Ht a, bath. 3rd flr. UL CBOOpw. 
392 6841 fT). 

ESSEX. Nr Mil. Statolekd ABJdrt.. 

lux Georgian too lo tet. 6 bed. * re- 

«J>L 2 bBTO Td 0371 810312- » 

SWISS OSTTACE-Eleganll tod flA.' 

Gas CH. tel. £1 lO pw. Co let. Jd «, 
Oo. 431 0246. 

PIMUCO 8WL Altrac. 1 bedltat. new, 
hire A mangs. £146 pw. DaUPMra, 
834 8000. 

ST JOWTS WOOQ qutet. hn. f U TTL' 
mals. Lge rec. 2 d»to. tod angy ren 

kit /ton. £2d0pw. lyrt. 722 4444 

tod. 2 mat dbl C500 P”- w**, 
LanaUtTe. 226 0352. . 

SW1 New SC 1 bedroom flat™*'}-. 
Coning^ tet 9-12 months. £270 pw.^ 

(UL 2/3 mantna. <s9pw. ToL 938i 
2lpl *226:727 2384. r 

DOCKLANDS, n&lm A housaOtro^r. 

out the Docklands to leL pocxianas 
Property Centre. 01-790 9SGO. . 
compact flat A lerr. dbte toorm. 
£SWPW. 229 6365. _ - 

$TH KERL Immac MX f> turn. ****?' 
owe tod, dtmicx with bate- ca7S b- 
Shteu 01 3734317. 


LUX FLAT punver. I nrejn/r™-, 




® Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9252 Private 01-857 3533 or 3311 




You can wo m DY mpp ra npg cot 
yU research Mt the prnhlem of 
rejection of trensptanei of mart, 
money, cornea end ddn end ttw 
M Mmaii atwrinea niin . Foun- 
4M In M c M i y tt Sir Archibald 

Donatlona plnaer w 

Appeals Director. 

East Grinstcad Research Trust, 
East Grinstead, 

West Sussex RH19 3DZ. 




■WafiSiMMr*- - 



MATTHEW MIRECKI b one today, 
haptar birthday. Krvr Stephen. San 
and Thomas. 

Wishing you a very happy 6 OU 1 tttnh- 
day. - Love and k±MCa Danl. Katie. 
Mtiawe. and Fnncts. 

FKANCIS-STEELE. Clifford to Aline 
03 St John's. Wrntboumc. 
Bo ur ne mou th on January 15th. 





01 -5845060 


Chalet standby £125! 


New Y0i« El *7 o/w £Z60m 
LAngetea £180 o/w £346 nn 
Toronto El 63 O/w K2Mrbi 

Jotnvg C264 0 /W £46snn 

Sydney £39 9 o/w EdTOrtn 

ADddand £400 o/w ETfiOrn 

Delhi CSSOo/w £37ortn 

Cairo £140o/w £2 IS mi 

Bangkok £210 O/w £560 m. 

TolAvtv £99 O/w £169 till 

Many outer baroatna 

Tet 01-370 6237 


O/w R et— n 
Sydney C42fi £770 

Auckland £480 £774 

Bangkok £205 £330 

Jo-burg £264 £470 

Lm Angela £177 £5GO 

131 Earls Court Rood- SW6 
Phone; <01)5706332 


Staffed chalks 18 Jan 
Self— Tire 1 wucioSpe 
tacfflghfc 1 wfcl69yp 


tDCtMflB 1 Wfc£lti9pp 
Cordon Bleu food Jt free wine 


0223-31 1 1 X 3 (24 tin) 


meant booMn— wtm Access A 
Bardwort tty phono. Chalet par- 
0— In Vextdex. a, Anton. MartbeL 

Courchevel and VeldTeere. 

O e e percoach Air 
IS Jan £99 £139 

Also i/c bargains from £691 

0373864811 ■ 



Offer entered Chalets In Mertbel A 
Courchevel than ElOO h/b 1 wk. 
£160 2 wks Indt—yeL great food. 
utVa wine A eaaantve Binding. 

RIWC 01-7 33 2333 COFF1CP 
01-737 3861 C24HRS). 




Save no to £180 

Oiafet RarOaK £1 39 

SaHCamrtng: £99 

Tel: 01-785 2200 

Manch. Depa (0*223 78121 
ABTA 18733 . ATDL1252 





Candidates must bfr 18 years oJ 
bob or owr and shcaild have , 
GCE ‘0* level passes or TT tevtf 
gradas A B or C ta- BtgOsh 
Ldmage-ond 2 cffiar subjects. 
They must ba .sWa. W -.type at ■ 
3Qwpm'fuid write shorthand at 
IQOtepm or haw «**ratent 
audio typing skills. 

Satery. £8887- £7277 pa. . 

Candidates must be able to type 

at 30wpm and write shorthand at 

lOOwpnu or have oquhratent 
audio typing BkSs. Experiancs , 
of operating. a Word Processor 

Salary. £5903 -£6283 



Candidates must be able no typo 

at SOwpm. Library expertanoe 
would be advantagkws. 

Salary £551 8 - £5837 
Apply to Pota o nnei f, (mf 
SIM), British Museum, Gt 
RussaB Stmt London WC1B 
3DG ter an appOcaSon foim. 
Anequal opportunity emptoyec 


Smalt company of interior 
designers require a hum- 
orous and unflappable 
receptionist/typist for they 
attractive -Hampstead offic- 
es. Salary negotiable. - 

Please can Jayne on: : 
01 431 2627 


Ut yudy regime an ’apdte ate fin- 
ffTT-ii friendly ts-a. Mac h»e 
good tpcafcing Tpjcc& how? cap. 
Plenty of dient contact. 



Good speeds s ■ .shoraanq 
required. Alt appBcgtions wtft 
CVs meriting to Senior Partner. 
Caflander WriflM, -59 Cadogan 
Street London, SW3. 



urganfly 'nqutrM. fqr.' busy astete 
infants In Hampste ad -v* age. Fast' 
MBurate typing. 6S+ wpm. Salary 
ius. '• 

. 01-4354404 



New Y— It £249 JoUura £465 
Lea Ang £339 NafruH£380 
Sydney £639 Bangkok £340 

Auckland £740 Toronto £249 


190 Jertnyn Stnaat. SW1 
Phene: 014159 7144 C8 tinea) 




166.000 clients since 1970 


LOW COST FLlflHTB. Moat European 
daMfciaUem. Can vutaxandar 01-402 
0002. ABTA. ATOL 196a 

HstynwfcU Travel Q1 9301366. 

dtocennt tares. O.T.C. 01-602 3266. 

CHEAP FARES worldwide. 

Expre— .Ol 4392944. 

USA X MA S . Pram £238 return- — 
Major Travel. 01-486 9237. 1ATA. 

DfSCOUflTS ut/eceaomy. Try na 
M. FSghlhooilian. Ol -387 91oa 

fadands 01-836 4383. ATOL 2001. 

SKI FUOHTS daOy M Geneva. Zurich. 
Muni ch etc. from £69. SKI WEST. 

Vtafred Ae/c chaMs. 069 171 

puy .sT* vinesarr (fmcmi 

Horn £89 bid 
Snowanarta <0622)677071. 

••WE'RE NO I •• 

••1st CLASS* 






CEsfd 1969) 

59 Souih St, Epsom. Surrey 
(03727) 2753S/2553Q/27109/ 
Tdex 24667 

Canaries. PortUneL Greece. 

Many lam apectat otTfreFaklor Ol- 
471 0047. ATOL 1640. Acocas/ 

Home Travel. 01-730 2201. 




JtACXSOH. John Peter. Jan 16 IMS. 
Ramomlmd with ktva Betty. 


nwaa Mad snaenis ar is yuan of a 
the OBpertanRr ttht 









MaMtve eiem or wool Mended 
Berbers from £3.96 ea yd + VAT + 
many betraatm tn room Mm In aB 


182 Upper Richmond Rd, SWI4 
TcL 01-876 2089 

Free cstiinaies - expen fitting 

★ OR ★ 

★ HIRE FROM £16 PM ★ 



Albany Street. NWL 
TOO! -958 8682. 

ArnUery Piece. SE18. 

Tel: 01-8644817 

LAST HW DAYS of (be aanHtkmal 
Teen sale. Further rMnawan on 
vMimb & TVs. 91 Lower Soane S& 
SW1. 7300933. 




T fTl 


MW10 - Prof female 23+. n/etoetiara 
Oat, p/ r. 96 1 1184 between 8-lOpm 
ar 961 0839 daily. 

BOfTTLAK* Lady N/S to share tux 
Character cottage. £SOp.w. nd. 876 
61 33 eves. 

W1 Large etntfta own man hut house 
autet square. £80 pw nxL 387 1699. 

CHELSEA. Prof F. to share ccenf Oat. 
0/r£40nw. EXCL 362 9636. 





FKIHISSiar. LoYe - or Marriage . 

EhKJLisa IrgNttd errturtcjLpro- 
fj ifti ieny Iiii rutl l l l - 

YOU* COS HUM jaugw rifd to 
video tape- Any ag.. Pe te Hr Moving 

CAL«I« CV*a- Pro t e m tai any w ritten 
and produc ed _ c *«7tsgtan__vttae 
docusnenia. DetaOK 01-880 2969. 




T* 01-351 5444 




technology; get about 18% more 
wMi ds-lonMd IimL Sand tor your 


37 Wentworth, SL LMnwtf«0M2^432523. 













ibi -i 





§3 j§S£* 


6.00 -CMtw AM. ' 

6J0 BMakfaernm* with Frank 
Baugh and Safina 5co(L- 
. .WMfllartt6J&7JS,7^5, - 
125 and SJ55; regional raws, 
weather and traffic at 6.57,' 
727^7STand 837; national 
' and Internattonto flews to 730, 
7 JO, MOTS Jo and 9.00; sport 
' at 7J2ftand 0 JO; the nsw Top 
Twontyffl7J2. Plus, Beverley' 
. Att's fashion raws; and Alison 
Mrtdrafi's'phora-in financial 
advice. ■ ■' , 

9.00 CMftot ift3Q Play School, 


B.15 Good Homing Britain . 

by Arme Diamond 
«nd Nfok Owbiu Nam with 

7 -°°* 7-30, 830, 630 and 
8.00; exardaos at«30 and . 

9-17; sport at 835 and 7.34; 

cartoon at-734; pop video at 
75Si video review' at 834;. 
Greek holiday news at BM; . 
advice oo breast cars at 9.12. 


49 DEAD KEAD^BBC 2,3.25pm) is 
neither a pleasant tflrSter to watch 
nor to contBjn plate, its characters 
are a partciriprty unsavoury lot Its 


• Common decency deters 


rotes, indicates that Barnard 
AshteVs thriller RUNNING 
SCARED is aimed pifrrre 'liy at 
younger viewers. But take mv 

:■ ■-.*> Otarfw.TWs week's edition 

. of the magazine programme ' 

•• ■-rjf for Asian women Indudes an 

Hon on curtate making. 11,15- 
c rntboC--'' '■ T - 

>1230 Raw After Item with Richard 

.. Whitmore and Frances 

fwadfinos wffli subtitles. 1235 
. -?>' Begtonaf news. Weather 

■ > details from tan McCaskSfe - 

130 Pebble BOD at One. presented 

- by Bob Langtey and Paul Cola. 

•._> Today's station includes a 

_ ; • - profile of Member a! 

Parflammtt, Oerrard -Neale; 

V*. advice on knttflng'macftines; 

and a redpe from, toe Cooking 
: Canon and Rabbi Blue. 1.45 

Bagpusa. A See^Saw 
programme far the very young. 
230 Ceefnx. 3152 Regional 
ZT.Z, news. 

^ 155 Henry's Cat For the young. 

*--V 4.10 jftnbo and the JetSat 

Cartoon series- 4.15 
Jackanory. Bernard Crfobins 
with part three of Kenneto 
Grahame's The Wind fn the 
Willows (r). 430 Laurel and 
• HsnJy. Cartoon version. 435 
Wizbtt, starring Paul Daniels. 

530 John Cram** Neweround. 

. v 5.10 Running Sasred. Part one 

of a new six-episode totaier to 
.jj. : which the heroaia, Paula, has 

- - to choose between betraying 

. •>, her family, her sense of social 

Justice, and her friend. . . 
i'Zi Narinda. Starring Julia 

s J** Mfflbank and Amarjit Dhfflon. 

v- >• • (see Choice). 5.35 First Clan. 
Video quiz forschoots. 

630 News with Nicholas WttcheK . 
and Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

635 London Pto. ** 

• 730 Wogan. Fstetty Kendall's 

guests Include Hod Steiger; 

- A Metvyn Bragg, and Annie 

'■> Lennox of Eurytomlcs. Music 

la provided by RtckySkaggs. 

’ / 7.40 No Place Like Home. Comedy 
series starting wtffiam Gaunt 
and Patrida Garwood. This 
.’ • -n week Arthtr helps his 

daughter's actress friend learn 
her lines and gets bitten by the 
>r*v- thespian bug. He Joins the 

kxal amateur company and 
lands a part but becomes : : 

/’ : increasingly irritable as the - 

opening night draws near 

i . . 8.10 Dynasty- Alexis loams that 
’ - _■■' King Galen is living with the 

• Moldavian underground arid 
can be rescued for a mere ten 

. mlfiton doBars; Krystie is . 
y 'ZL dhkxtrtormed; and Adam and 
CJaudfa decide to pBgttfhefr v 

• ; y *-tfotbs(Ceetex)- Z; j.:* ...“"v 

1’; 030 News with Ji^Sbmervffle 

- and John Hunphrya. Weather. 

930 The Marriage.' Part two of 

Desmond WHcox’S six-part . 
intrusion into the private life of 
a newly-married couple covers 

- ' - the marriage cere mo ny, tile . 

reception and, amazingly, the 
honeymoon, (see Choice)/ 

10.15 FHme Sweet ’Revenge ff 975) 
starring Stockard Charming 
and Sam Watarson. A 
lighthearted tale of a female 
car thief whose ambition is to 
own a Ferrari Dlno. When she 
is arrested on a minor charge 
she manages to ca)ole the 
pubfic defender Into securing ' 
her releasa although she has 
savaral other arrest warrants 
against her name. Once on the 
loose she hatches a plan to 
raise the $20300 she needs 
tar the car of her dreams. 

■ Directed by JanySchatzberg. 

. - 11.40 Weather. 

about aoceptabfa-Yet, there is no 
denying that it spins an Intr^ulng 
late, or that Howard Brenton knows, 
how to find grim humour In the 
most urilew places, or fliat the 
(firector;(Roo Walker) and hte 

Bushel. John Abbott Kefth Salmon 
and John Kenway) have between 
them made a temficjob of creating, 
a sinful worid in' which severed 
heads, official corruption and two- 
legged and tour-legged scavengers 
are almost de rigueur. Even If I had 
not read about it, ! think I should 
have guessed that, as preparation 
tor scripting this drama serial, 
Brenton immersed himself In Iffln 
note and oid B-movtes. 

spare bed alongside the 
honeymooners m tonight's episode 
930pm), but In aH other respects, 
the camera and micro phone are 

wBdffing day. Bwi when the bride 
is chtsavbound ta a horse and 
carriage, Mr WHcox is beside her 
asking whether she is having 
second thoughts. And when the 

moSiSrtl^Tgtess of beerSte 
morning after a riotous nWrt 
before, the camera is st9 its dear- 
headed and functioning self. 

• Its time slot (BBC 1,5.10pm) 
and its use of teenage actors bi key 

... or the historical drama, The 
- Sea Green Mart 1130 

Propositions -'for the hearing 

mipalred. 1137 Sdonce; adds 
. andaddrain. , 

13J» Moschop»v narrated by • 

Bernard CribNns «. 12.10 Our 
.. Backyard, ft .. 

1230 Wish You Were Her*-.? „ 
. . Judith, Chalmers reports from 

-teipun Armeka Rice ooes. 

coast and Chris KeOytrtea 
caravanning ta East AngHa (1), 
1.00 Naws at On* wtti Leonard 

' Paricm. 130 Thames new*. 
130 A Country Practice. 

230 On the Market Susan 
Brookes and TreVbr Hyatt 
: present another edition ofthe 
food magazine 

irTTv ^ : 

Jeffrey. 330 Gams. Drama 
- serial set 61 the Covent Garden 
. workshops of a fashion design 
company. 5L25 Thames news 
headfnee, 330 Sons sod : 
Dauipttare. ' 

430 Moachops. A repeat of the : 

- . pFogramme shown at noon. 

- 4.10 The TeMwas. Cartoon' 
series. 4L20The Wafi Game. 
Pupfls from Downs Junior 
School, Breton, are playing 
the game this week. 445 The 
Book Towar, presented by 
Roger McGough (Oracle). 

-5.15 JEQodUbostare. 

545 News witti Martyn Lewis. - 

BJfa TtaaoMshews. 

635 HalpIVlv Taylor Gee wttb 
news of three puHc&tions -r 
- from SHAG, Age Concern < ■ 

535 Crossroads. The. Press arrives 
at the motel mob-handed. 

730 Thte Is Your life. Eamonn 
Andrews scares the Bvlng 
, dayflghts out of another 
; , ixieuapecting worthy. 

730 Coronation Street Jenny 
- Bradley's father turns t$> while 
Susan and Delrdre Barlow . 
argue over an old affair 
(Oracle). • 

830' Duty FTae. Coniedy series / 
about two couples on a 
package holiday in Spain 
(Oracle). : 

830 Newer OteTwabu Donald 
SJndan and Wtadsor Davies 
dealers,-tf*»wefl^duefling to. - 
"" _tfiedaalh(0raclB). - ■ 

930 Lyfaw’s CSary. The gossip 
' . ' . column's staff Is increased by 
one when Helena DoUas Joins 
the team, thanks id flie 
. proprietor's Intervention — 

‘ - something thatlB resented by 
the rest of toe stafL Starring 
Peter Bowies and Barbara 
‘ Keflerman (Oracle). - 

10.00 News atTen with Alastair 
Burnet and Sandy GalL' 

1030 Midweek Sport Special 

- presented by Brian Moore. 
fflghSghts from one of 
tonight's M3k Cup football 
quarterfinals; and a profile of 
14-year pta Joanna Coriway, a 

- rising star on the British ice- 
• skating scene. 

11.40 FSm: The Verdfct* (1964) An 
. Edgar WaBaca myrtery about 
an American who b arrested in 
Britain fora murder co mmi tted 
20 years eadler. Directed by 
. David Eady. • . 

1240 Night Thoughts. 

younger viewers. But, lake my 
word for it, the way the first 
epfeotfehas been written, directed 
(by Marflyn Fox) and acted, mates 
it rndistingtashabte from any high 
qualify drama serial aimed primarily 
at the grown-ups. 

• if Mrs Thatcher is looking for 
some crumbs of comfort during 
these days of tribulation, she will 
not find them in Elizabeth 
WaJnwrighfs play GWYM (Radio 4, 
3.00pm), a grass roots attack on 
her ecomonic policies- It is a strong 
and realistic play, and It gives June 

parry a muscular role as the 
indomitable housewife . . .Musical 
highlight on radio: the BBC SO In a 
Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninov 
night (Recto 3, 9.05pm and 

ld:i0pm >- Peter Davalle 

Poutenc's Vocafise-Etude; and 
Herbert Howefls's Sonata. 

1135 Ayes for the Theatre: Parley of 
Instruments and Baroque 
Orchestra {day Matthew Locke's 
The Tempest and Purcars The 
Prophetess, of The History of 

12.15 Concert HaS; Joan Rodgers 
(soprano) with Paul Dar>» 
(piano). Songs by Schumann, 
Dabu&sy end Rmsky-Koraakov. 
130 News. 

135 The Essential Jazz Records: 
another Max Harrison selection, 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

second dianee to hear Thomas 
Heywoocrs comedy, starring Tom 
Wilkinson, paoia Dnniaottt and 
James Laurenson. Cast also 
Includes Ntoef Anthony end 
Maggte McCarthy. 

935 Tchwovsky and Rachmaninov: 
BBC SO under David Atherton, 
with Join LH (piano). Part one. 
Tchaikovsky's Plano Concerto 
No 2. 

930 Six Continents: Angus McDermld 
with foretai radio broadcasts, 
monitored by tiiB BBC. 

10.10 Concert: part two. 

Rachmaninov's Symphony No 1. 

11.00 Chamber Music from 

Manchester: Peter Katin (piano). 
Schubert's Impromptus to E flat, 

O 889 No 2: In G flat, D 899, No 3. 
Also Sonata In B flat, D 960, f 
1137 News. Closedown at 1230. 


Radio 2 

930 Cwtaxl 

938 Daytime on Two: Science - 
stretch, weigh axI bounce. . 
1030 For the vary young. 

10.15 Maths: percentages. 

- - 1038 Maths: exterior angtes- 
congruency. 11.00 Words and 
pictures. 11.17 The 
' totportance of the sun to the 
Earth. 1140 What has 
' happened to the gang first 
filmed sbcyears ago as 14- 
■ year-olds?. 12.10 Davfd 

- BBflaniyrfiscusses trees. 

.1235 Lessons two for aspiring 
rock musicians. 130 Maths for 
adults studying tor OMevels. 

1.15 Working fa the catering 
industry. 138 Naturalist Lionel 
Kefieway visits mountains and 
moorland. 230 The world after 
sunset 2.18 Wafrus. 240 The 
afforts by scfenttate to put Nedl 
Armstrong on the moon. 

330 Ceefax. 

535 News summary with subtitles. 
Weather. • 

530 Bridge Chib, introduced by 
Jeremy Jrenes. Better bridge ; 
lessons from Jeremy Flnt with j 
members of the Bristol Bridge 1 

535 FHm: Q Plane* (1939) starring 
Ralph Richardson, Laurence 
Oflvter and. Valerie Hobson. 

The Korda Classics season 
continues with this comedy 
thriller about a secret ray 
helping spies steal a test 
aircraft wh&e on a proving 
flight' Directed by Tim Whelan. 

7.15 Whttehafl Warrior -HeuMne 
. at the MoD. An assessment of 
the HeseWne years at the 
Ministry of Defence Indixflng . 
' rare footage of toe corridors of 
- - power filmed In the weeks 
. leading to Mr Heseltine’s 
resignation. By his own 
admission, the resemble nee 
between himself and the 
hapless Jim Hacker of Yes, 
Minister fame, is uncanny. 

830 A8 Our Working Lives. The 
first of an 11-part series teOng ! 
the story of British people at 
work since 1914, using frank 
. recoBectlons pf .workers and 
managers and archive fifai to 
■ Bustratehowandwhy 

- Britain's Industrial fortunes 
. ; ■ .and working condtions - 

changed. SWftouiding Is the 
. ■ first subject (r). ' 

9.00 M*A*S*H- The very first 
episode of the long-running 
series about the 4077th Mobile 
• Army Surgical Hospital during 
the Korean war. Sterling Alan 
Aida, Wayne Rogers, Gary 
__ Burghoff and Lorrtte Swtt (r). 
935 Dead Head. Part one of a four- 
episode torifler by Howard 

Brenton. Eddie Cass is a petty 
criminal who accepts the Job of 
carrying a hafoox to the West 
End. He receives ET0Q down 
with another £400 promised 
on delivery. When he collecb 
■ ■ the box Ws curiosity gets the 
better of him and he takes a 
took at toe contents. ... 

. Starring Denis Lawson and 
George Baker, (see Choice). 

10.15 Cool tt. A showcase for the 
talents of comedy 
impressionist Phfi Coo! (r). 

1040 NawsalghL 
1133 Weather. 


2.30 FlkK Angels Over Broadway* 

.. (1940) starring Douglas . 

Fairbanks Jr and Rita 
Hayworth. A drama about a 
group of seedy characters 
. . who use a cafe on the fringe of 
Broadway as a base. One of 
' them, a confidence trickster, 
hatches a plan to refieve one 
of the other customers of a 
. $1 ,000 in a crooked card 
game. Directed by Ben HechL 

430 A Phis 4. Mavis Nicholson 
talks to award-winning author 
Janrf Howken. 

430 Countdown. Challenging 
yesterday's winner of the 
words and numbers game is 
Simon Bfinas, a freelance 
cartoonist from Bamet 

5.00 Aflca. Vera goes tthBoston to 
attend a class reunion and 
returns engaged. 

530 Shakespeare Lives. Mchael 
Bogdanov's series on 
understanding the Bard 
continues with the second 
programme on the play, The 
Taming of toe Shrew. 

Passages are acted by 
Suzanne Berti&h and Daniel 
Massey (r). 

630 The Christians. Part two of 
Bamber Gascoirw's 13-part 
series on the history of 
Christianity first shown In 
1977. This evening's 
pr ogramme covers the period 
when Christianity became the 
state religion of the Romans. 

730 Channel Four news with Peter 
Sissons and Alastair Stewart 

730 Comment The poBtica! slot 
this week is Med by Michael 
Meachar, tin shadow 
secretary of state for Health 
and Social Security. Weather. 

830 The American Century. Part 
two of the second series on 
Time Life's cinema news 
magazine, The March of Time, 
is an editton first shown In 
January 1941 when the United 
States was stfil a neutral 
country (Oracle). 

830 Diverse Reports. Christine 
Chapman asks if the Tories' 
dampdown on pornography 
and violent crime Is the correct 
way to tackle the problems. 
Some Conservatives believe 
.the government has got It 
wrong while Norman Tebbit 
insists that it is correct 

9.00 Play: Good-C&mata, Friendly 
Inhabitants, by Natfine 
Gordlmer. A lonely mkkfle- 
aged woman welcomes a 
younger man to her apartment 
When the fallow turns out to . 
be something other than he 
appears, the woman toms to 
her blade colleagues for help. 
Starring Trtx Pienaar (r). 

1035 Film: Sunday In tiie Country 
(1984) starring Louis Ducreux 
and Sanine Azama. Bertrand 
Tavernier won the Best 
Director PrizB at the Cannes 
Fdm Festival for this touching 
portrait of a single day in the 
Efe of an old French painter 
who is being visited by various 
members or Ms family towards 
the end of 1910. The arrival of 
Ns daughter turns toe usualy 
uneventful visit of bis son, 
daughter-in-law and 
grandchildren Into a search for 
bis past Ends at 1130. 

Radio 4 

On long wave, falsa VHF stereo. 

535 Shipping Forecast 30Q News 
briefing: Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

630 Today, ind 530,730, 830 News. 
645 Business News. 6JS, 735 
Weather. 730, 830 News. 735, 
835 Sport. 745 Thought for the 
Day. 835 Yesterday m 
Parliament 837 weather; TrtweL 

930 News. 

835 Mdweek: Libby Pwvea.t 

1030 News; Gardeners' Question 

Time. Clay Jones asks Dr Stefan 
Buczadd, Geoffrey Smith end 
Las Jones to answer Manors' 
queries from Birmingham (r). 

1030 Morning Story: Sitting Tight by 
Geoffrey KUner. Read by Davfd 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 110).t 

1130 News: Travel; Stagecoach In a 
Winter Storm. The uncomfortable 
truth about stage-coach travel, 
revealed by Lssfie Gardner (1% 

1148 Teach Yourself News-speak, 
wttem Davis eBdts some 
explanations from toe etutfite. 

1230 News; You and Yousl Consumer 
advice, with John Howard. 

1237 The Mystery of the Blue Train by 
Agatha Christie. Dramatized in 
an parts (3) A Meeting at toe VIBa 
Marguerite (r). 1235 Weather. 

130 The world atone: News. 

140 The Archers. 135 Shipptog. 

230 News; Woman's Hour. Indbdes 
an Interview wtto Hantf Kure&hi 
wh o wrote the fBm My Beautiful 
Laundrette. And Patnda 
Routledge reads the final episode 
of Barbara Pym’s Crampton 

330 The Afternoon Play. Gwyn, by 
Elizabeth Wafnwright with June 
Barry. What happens when a 
tough Yorkshkewornsn of 
indomitable spirit becomes angry 
and is forced to ttlo drastic 
action. WHb Robert Keegan and 




347 Time for Verse. Graham 

presents poems about actors. 
Read by Hugh Dickson, 
Christopher Scott and Jffl Baicon. 

430 News. 

435 Concorde Ten Years On. John 
Hosken falls the story of the 
famous aircraft (1). 

445 Kdektoscopa. Arts magazine 
presented by Michael (Stiver. A 
repeat of last night's edition. 

530 PM: News magazine. 

630 News: Financial Report 

630 Transatlantic Quiz. Irene Thomas 
and John Julius Norwich 

i ||§§|E 

i p s p ii 

Radio 3 

635 Weather. 730 News. 

735 Morning Concert SuppA's 
overture Morning, Noon and 
Night in Vienna (Academy of St 
Marttn-in-Raids}; Janacekfa 
Lachlan Dances (Rotterdam PO); 
Britten's Four French Songs 
(Gomez, with CBSO); Sibelius's 
Th8 Swan of Tuonela (Berln POL 
830 News. 

835 Morning Concert (contd): Bum's 
Sonata No 7 bi C (Parley of 
Instruments}: Vivaldi's Concerto 
in D minor, RV 540 (Parley of 
Instruments and ado 
mstrumentaBsts); Bach's Fugue 
in G, BWV 577 (Hurford, oraank 
Fasch's Trumpet Concerto in D 
fWHbraham. with Academy of St 
Martin-in-FteidB); Haydn's 
Symphony No 87 (Amsterda m 
Concertgebouw). 930 News. 

935 This Week's Composer 

Schumann. Piano Trio No 1 in D 
minor. Op 63 (Beaux Arts Trio): 

4.00 Choral Vespers: from 
Westminster Cathedral: a live 
transmission. 4.55 News. 

530 Midweek Choice: Dvorak's 

Slavonic Dance In A, Op 46 No 5 
(AKona and Aloys Kontarsky); 
Chatpentler's Impressions 
(Tltalie (French National Comic 
Opera Orchestra); Biber's 
Passacaglia In G minor (MeBuis, 
violin}; Whittaker's Psalm 139 
(Halle Choir): Stanford's 
Symphony No S (Ulster 

7.00 Choral Voices: Ardwvn Singers 
perform Debussy's Trois 
chansons de Chevies d 1 Orleans; 
Kodaly's Jesus and the Traders: 
Vaughan WiBiams's Three 
Shakespeare Songs. 

730 A Woman KUed wfth Kindness: A 

News on toa hour [except 9.0pmL 
HeadBnas 530am, 630, 730 and 630. 
Sports Desks 135pm, 232, 332, 4-02, 
535, 6.02, 645 (MF) only. 935. 

430am Cofin Berry .1630 Ray Moors.t 
8.05 David Hamffion.t 1030 Jimmy 

NBs Euytha.t 135 David Jacobs.t 230 
Gloria HunnHonLt 330 Music all the 
Way.) 430 Barbara Dlckson.t 6.00 
Sarah Kennedy. 1 8.00 Syd Lawrence in 
Concart.t 845 Big Band Special. (BBC 
Big Band). 9.15 Listen to the Band. 
Charlie Chester Introduces Leytand 
Vehicles Band. 935 Sports Desk. 1030 
It's a Funny Business. Comedian Tom 
O'Connor recafis 10 years In his life. 
1030 Hubert Gregg says Thanks for the 
Memory. 1130 Brian Matthew presents 
Round Midnight (stereo from mid night). 
130am Charles Nave presents 
Nightride.T 330-430 A Little Night 

Radio 1 

News on the half hour from 630am until 

630am Adrian Johto730MBce Read. 
930 Simon Bates. 1230pm News beat 
(Frank Partridge). 1245 Gary Davies. 
330 Steve Wright 530 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 
At 530 review of toa new Top 30 album 
chart 730 Janice Long. 1030-12.00 
John PeeLt VHF RADIOS 1 6 2. 430am 
As Radio 2. 1030 As Radio 1. 12.00- 
4.00am As Radio 2. 


ftJU Nmnsdesk. 7M News. 739 
Hours. 730 Report on ReSgton. 745 That's 
Trad. 530 News. 8.09 neflectnne. 8.15 
Classical Record Review. EL30 Ouoa, 
Unquote. 930 News. 939 Review cd die Britten 
Press. 9.15 The World Today. 930 Financial 
News. 940 Look Ahead. 945 Short Takas. 
1030 News. 1031 OmrUbus. 1030 Joz2 Score. 
1130 News. 1139 News About Britain. 11.15 
Doctor Who. 1135 A Letter From Watoa. 1230 
Ratflo NewBieeL 12.15 Natm Notebook. 1235 
The Farming WOrid. 1245 Sports Round!®. 
130 News. 139 Twenty-foi* Hours. 130 
Jerome Kam, American Genius. 230 Outlook. 
245 Report on Railglon. 330 RuSo NewsreeL 
3.15 A Perfect Day. 330 Radio Active. 430 
News. 439 Commentary. 4.15 Rock Salad. 
445 The World Today. 630 News. 539 A 
Lenar From Wales. 5.15 Monitor. 030 News. 
839 Twenty- Foie Hows. 9.15 Aftum Tima. 
945 Rsconttiga of the Week. 1030 News. 
1035 The World Today. 1035 A Letter From 
Wales. 1030 Fkiandat News. 1040 
Redactions. 1045 Sports Roundup. 11.00 
News. 1135 Commentary. 11.15 Good Bocks. 
1130 Top Twenty. 1230 News. 1239 News 
About Britain. 1215 Redo NewsreeL 1230 
Rado Active. 130 News. 131 Outlook. 130 
Waveguide. 140 Soak Choice. 145 Monitor. 
200 News. 209 Revmw of the British Press. 
216 Network UK. 230 Assignment 330 
News. 339 News About Bntaei. 215 The 

News. 339 News About Brrtan. 215 The 
Wold Today. 230 My KlpSng. «30 Nawsdesk. 
430 Classical Record Review. 545 The World 

Bel Mooney: on Radio 4 at 7.20 pm 

1T45 News end weather. Scot la nd: 
10.15arn-1(L30 Gkxna GochdL 635pm- 
7JW Reptatfog Scotland. 1140-1145 
News and weather. Northern behind: 
235pm-S40 Today's Sport. 5.40-630 
Intide Ulster. 635-730Flrat Class. 
11.40-1145 News and weather. 
England: &35pat-730 Regional news 




rHANNEL As London except 
On AIN la CL 1,20pm News. 130- 

230 Shine on Harvey Moon. 330-430 
Young Doctors- 6.00-635 Channel 
Report 1140 Closedown. 

sMrti | a As London except 
Mivvat-irs i230am-1.00 Mr and Mrs. 
123-130 News. 630-635 About AngBa. 
1140 SheBay. 12.10am I Shall Always 
Remember, Closedown. 

{A3 tinea in GMT) 

1 30-130 News. 330-430 Young 
Doctors. 6.00-635 Lookaround. 1140 
Tales from the Da/ktide. 12.10am 
News, Closedown. 


Schools. 1130-1135 About Wales. 
630pm-535 Wales at Six. 


Something to Treasure. 130 News. 
130-230 Tucker's Witch. 530 
Crossroads. 635-730 News. 1140 
FUn* The Loser (Ctapde Brasseui))- 
130am Closedown. 




irkickir " First Published 1785 

MPs in 
attack on 



; By Fhflip Webster 
1 -' Political Reporter 

. *The Government wfll face 
-CTonbie from its backbenchers 
“ attempts to implement a 
centr ^l proposal of the RosldD 
committee to abolish trial by 
•joryhi complex fraud cases. 

' After Mr Douglas Hard, the 
™»ne Secretary, generally 
welcomed the radical proposals 
RoskiH to combat sobm 
naod, the Opposition and 
several Conservative MPs 
attacked the plan to replace 
jury trial with a tribunal of a 
judge and two lay members. 

Although Mr Hard empha- 
sized that the Government had 
not made up its mind on the 
recommendation, he said that 
Lord Roskffl had merit* a 
‘‘powerful case** for change. 
Meanwhile in the Lords, Lord 
Ha ils ham of St Mary le bone, 
the Lord Chancellor, ques- 
tioned whether the trial process 
in fraud cases was really 
achieving the purpose of 
criminal justice. 

Bat in the Commons Mr 
John Maples, Cons er vative 
MP for Lewisham West, said it 
would be a dangerous precedent 
to deny to those charged with 
one particular crime the same 
tight as those charged with 
other serious crimes. Sir 
Edward Cardney, QC, Con- 
servative chairman of the all- 
party home affairs committee, 
said that any attempt to extend 
the principle to other crimes at 
present tried by jury would be 
intolerable and unacceptable. 

Mr Hurd, who promised 
legislation in the Criminal 
Justice Bill in the next session 
to implement some of the 
RoskHl recommendations, and 
Mr Leon Brittan, the Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indas- 
try, who later moved the second 
reading of the Financial 
Services Bill, both underlined 
the Government's determi- 
nation to root out City fraud. 

Mr Hurd accepted the 
R os lull recommendation for a 
new united organization to take 
responsibility for the investi- 
gation and prosecution of fraud, 
now shared by the police. 
Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions, die Department of 
Trade and Industry, and other 

Westland defers its meeting 

Man in the middle: Sir John Cuckhey with Mr Alan Bristow (left), who supports the European consortium, and Mr Bill Patti. Sikorsky vice-president. 

Continued from page 1 

hostile to a European minority 


Meanwhile, Mr Brittan said 
yesterday that he had no 
intention of resigning in the 
wake of his qualified Commons 

• While still awaiting the 
formal request from Downing 
Street for permission to release 
the text of Sir. Austin Pearce's 
letter. British Aerospace said 
that he was not committing 
himself in advance to agree 
(Rodney Cowton writes). 

Earlier in the day Sir Austin 
had shown a lack of enthusiasm 
for publication of the letter, 
saying: “As for as I am 
concerned it is a private letter to 
the Prime Minister, and that is 

The company denied sugges- 
tions that it might not be averse 
to the text being released, 
providing it was absolutely clear 
that it was done by and on the 
initiative of Downing Street. 

The letter is understood to 
stem directly from the meeting 
between Mr Brittan and Sir 
Raymond Lygo last Wednes- 
day. It appears that the possi- 
bility of the company sending a 
letter to someone in govern- 
ment to clarify its position was 


■Ars ■ ! 

The adjourned shareholders meeting in-progress yesterday (Photographs: John Voos). 

under discussion even before 
Mr Heseltine, at his press 
conference last Thursday, pub- 
licly revealed his account of 
what happened at the meeting. 

The letter is believed to deal 
not only with that meeting, but 
with the whole of British 
Aerospace's involvement in the 
Westland affair. 

• British Aerospace’s letter to 
the Prime Minister, as pictured 

on Independent Television 
News on Monday night and on 
TV-am yesterday, was not the 
letter itself but a “graphic 
representation*', 1TN admitted 

• Mr Peter Walker, Secretary 
of State for Energy, said 
yesterday that he hoped Mr 
Heseltine would soon be back in 

He said at a press conference 
in Leeds: “I regard Mr Hesel- 
line's departure as the departure 
of a good personal friend and a 
good member of the Cabinet I 
hope it will not be too long 
before he is back.** 

Mr Walker was asked how 
damaging he believed Mr 
Heseltine's resignation had 
been. He replied: “The great 
Thing in politics - the only thing 

that 1 agreed with Harold 
Wilson about - is that a week in 
politics is a long time." What 
was of great public interest now 
might not be a few weeks later. 

• The Queen received Mr 
Heseltine in private audience at 
Buckingham Palace yesterday 
on his relinquishing his ap- 
pointment as Secretary of State 
for Defence. 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother visits Springwood School, 
King's Lynn, 2. 1 5. 

The Princess of Wales. Patron, 
Help the Aged, visits Manor House, 
Vicarage Rd. Staines, Middx, 1 1. 

Princess .Anne, Chancellor of 
London University, attends a 
presentation ceremony at the Royal 
Albert Hail. 2. 

Exhibitions in progress 
Paintings and drawings by 
Malcolm Bennett: Gordon Gallery, 
36 Feriyquay Su Londonderry, 
Northern Ireland; Mon to Fri 11 to 
5.30, Sat 1 1 to 1 dosed Thors and 
Sun (ends Feb 1). 

First Impressions: original prints, 
etchings and engravings by H. 
Sayer, S van Niekerk, J. Winkdman 
and others; Cross Tree Gallery, 
Filkins, LedUade, Glos; Tues to Sat 
10 to 1 and 2 to 5.30 (ends Feb l). 

Personal Choice: twentieth cen- 
tury photographs; Glynn Vivien Art 
Gallery, Alexander Rd. Swansea; 
Mon to Sat 10.30 to 5 (ends Feb 1 5). 

Egyptian Landscapes: weavings 
from tbe Ramses Wissa Wassaf 
School; Aberdeen Airspace, 21 
Castle St, Mon to Sat 10 to 5 JO 
(ends Feb 5). 

Up to no good in the stables: 
paintings and sculpture by John 
Uzzell Edwards and friends; 
Taliesin Arts Centre, University 
College of Swansea, Victoria Rd; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 10 to 12.45 
(ends Jan 25). 

American Photography. From 
humanism to formalism; Scottish 
National Gallery of Modem Art, 
Bclford Rd, Edinburgh; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5. Sun 2to 5 (ends Feb 23). 

Landscapes: watercolours and 
photography by John Peace and 
John Roberts; Sunderland Polytech- 
nic, Backhouse Gallery. Ryhopc Rd; 
Mon to Fri 9 to 5.30 (ends Jan 17). 

Between Dark and Dark: photo- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,944 


1 He makes passes - he's quite a 

. card (7). 

5 Girl burst roughly in to break 
the quiet 17). 

9 Many aboux by morning offering 
the best milk (5). 

10 Miss Joan Hunter Dunn's 
victory? (4-5). 

11 Hooter may sound thus-wise (6). 

12 Name dropping by a new 

. cleaning woman (S). 

14 Outcome - paper beading 
dropped (5). 

15 Intermediary’s position on tbe 
fence (2-7). 

IB Dominating skipper dined well 
we bear (9). 

20 Lots say it with flowers (5). 

22 Tbe bar doses, on which one is 
in acute distress (4-4). 

24 Project needing support of the 
House? (4-2). 

26 Pan of matins a novice used 
during tbe night (9). 

27 Taken thus a player is caught off 
balance (5). 

28 Decide to dear up again (7). 

29 Tired of the rough road? (34). 


1 Strip show for the small screen? 


2 Increases for members of the 
choir (7). 

3 Hold up a display of ornamental 
art (9). 


4 Bank on the right - see! (4). 

5 Device mainly used for getting 
to bed? (6-4). 

6 Master in any battle (5). 

7 New unit disposed to disengage 

8 Chap wearing a scarf for tea (S). 
13 Modesty lacking in Yum Yhm's 

moon (10). 

16 Try a piper medley in the town 

W. .... 

17 One who is- living relatively 
dose (4,23). 

19 Attempts to get through on 
- medium wavelength (7). 

21 Desire to take a chance in the 
old days (4-3). 

22 Mistake to offer half a comfit to 
Queen Bess (5). 

23 Drawing level? (5). 

25 Yam ignoring the four central 

characters in Bentley’s verse (4). 

Solution of Punic No 16-943 


graphic works by Thomas Joshua 
Cooper; John Hansard Gallery, 
Southampton University; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 6 (ends Feb 22). 

The Photographic Ait: pictorial 
traditions in Britain and America; 
Stills Gallery. 105 High St, 
Edinbnrgh: Tues to Sat 12.30 to 6 
(ends Feb 8). 

To the Rescue!: work of the RNLI 
in Aberdeen: Aberdeen Maritime 
Museum. Shiprow; Mon to Sat 10 to 
S (ends March 8). 


Conceit by the Archduke Trio: 
works by Haydn and Schumann; 
Bdvoir room, Leicester University, 
1 . 10 . 

Concert by the City of Birming- 
ham Symphony Orchestra; works by 
Haydn. Brahms and Barlolq 
BirminghamTown Hall, 7.30. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra, Wessex Hall, 
Poole, 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 

Stephen Bell on the development, 
of his work with computers; Ikon 
Gallery, 58-72 John Bright St, 
‘ ‘ 2.30 ■ 

the foraatten Dalra- 
dian, by Dr D J Fettes; Grant 
Institute of Geology, Edinburgh 
University. King’s- Buildings, West 
Mains Rd. 730. 

Beethoven and the piafeo sonata 
by Dr William Drab kin, Bdvoir 
Room, Charles Wilson Building, 
Leicester University, 7. 

Ceramics, - by Terence Manby, 
Museum arid Art Gallery, Chequer 
Rd, Doncaster, 1.45. 

Pipelines to Scotland by Mr and 
Mrs Warcflaw, Ehnfield House, 
Doncaster, 7. 15. 

The tree or the seed? by Douglas 
MacAnally; Malone House, Barnett 
Park. Belfast, 7-30. 

Best wines 

In a blind tasting of 42 white 
wines which supermarket chains 
nominated as particularly good 
value from their ranges, the 
following were chosen as offering 
the best of all: 

1983 Gewuratraminer, Cave 
Viticole dc Pfaffenhefexu British 
Home Stores. £3.35: Suternes, 
Dounhe. British Home Stores, 
£3.85: 1981 Ch at ea u Bastor-Louueu- 
txgee, Sau tenses. Waitrose. £5,35: 
1984 Vflla Autinori Bianco da ori 
bianchi £ Toscana. Sainbury, £2.95; 
1984 Rnsemosnt Estate Charooo- 
nay. Safeway, £5. IS: Alsace Riesling 
Pierre ChaunxmX, Co-op, £2.45. . 
Source: tt ine. Feb 1986. 

MorjSsjr-SrtrtBj' re can t yourgtfty Por tf e fi o 
l Ot l L 

. ?.)*** *** "atetm the pottahed weekly 
**»S w yon haw vran outright or ■ 
share ol the jateaiponay anted far that week, 
end rwat date your prize «* MructaO below. 

W in Tfawe PoSoto d*i ta 
B2WCT7 2 b et w een TOJO eat aod 3J0 pen. 
OB «m ctaqr yow ovens total lichee The 
Ttaea Pofttoio DMdend. No eWew can be 
accepted Mferide these hour*. 

have your cant write you when you 


U jaiM w treble to te l eph one someone tow 
can data an y or behdf bet they must have 
ynurtanl and cel The Times PontcOo eHm 
tne between the cttpieWd ftnea. 

. no rewjo maasy can be accept ed lor Mura 
to ccw tac t the data* offca tor any re eecn 
■wy mil hours. 

Ttaebwo tasnucam are eppDcabia to 
both daty end weeMy dMdend dates. 

♦ Sow* Tehee Porttafa ert toefada mteor 
nMprtm bi the Instnicttofti on tea revane 
side. These catdc are not fewaSdBaa. 

■ "WOing of Riies 2 ana 3 haa bean 
•raided bom eertu rv ar alo ne tor duffleefon 
pupoM. The Gama i self ie not erteaed and 
ws comtnoa to a* ptsyed In aaeSy V* sane 
way as before. 

New books - hardback 

Tbe Literary Editor's selection of interesting books pubCshad this wade 
Ctdturo Were, School and Sodaty in the C o n se rvative Restoration 1981-1884, by Ira 
Shor (Routtedge & Keoan Paul, £19-95) 

Bzabetb and Ivy, by Robert Liddell (Pater Owan. £10-50) 

Fraud lor Historian*, by Peter Gay (Oxford, £1 6,50) 

Indtan Country, by Peter Matthtessen (Coffins HarvfD, 

Man on Woman, by E-LRanelagh (Quartet. £13JI5) „ 

Simone WeB, an anthology, otted and Introduced by Sian Mfiea (Virago, £1050, 

David Prcfumo 


and G 

What is Htetory, second addon, by E. H. Carr (MacmNan, £251 . 

When The Moon Rfaea, by Tony tiavtes (Lao Cooper/Secker & Wartxag, £8.95) 


The pound 

A ee bt e lcb 

nelg fa wfT 

Canada S 




Hoag Kong S 
babul Pt 
Maly Ur* 
Japan Yee- 


- 1140- 
.. tiJ6* 




24 Jtt 
r 721 



Norway Kr 


• 'A13 , 




South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 

Y U gcet M fePnr 
Bswe lor anwfl danoWneBan bank note e cWy, 
oe uppOed by Eterctay* Bank PIC. Ot fla ri m 
ratee apply to tn a ra to r a * c h equb a and Other 
kaeJgn currency buelnaaa. ■ 

RotaS Price Sndmn378A 

lonriret The FT Index doead down 115 at 


1140 1046 

3. 72 . 237 

130 133 



Births: Molfere, (Jean-Baptiste 
Poquelin) baptized. Paris. 1622; 
Franz GrUlpaher, dramatist,- Vien- 
na, 1791. Piem Prondbou, socialist, 
Besancon, France, 1809; Mazo de la 
Roche, novelist, author of the 
Whiteooks series, Newmarket,' 1 
Ontario, 1885, Martin Lather Ktag 

E>caLhx^ady (Emnut) HxmQtoo, 
mistress of Nelson, Calais, 1815; 
Matthew Brady, photographer, who 
recorded tbe American Civil Wan 
New York City,. 1896; Rosa 
Lmtembourg, revolutionary, 'mur- 
dered, Bertin. 1919. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debate -on 
Opposition motion on Westland 


. -Xords^JO): Debates on codes'of 
practice affecting the incidence . 
of realisation and on tbe importance 
ofrail employment • ' . . 


Wales and West A47tk Tempor- 
ary fights b e tw ee n Builth Wells and 
Merthyr, at Erwood. Powys. A499: 
Roadworks on the Caernarfon to 
Pwllheli rood between Lbmwnda 
and Glynflifon, Gwynedd. A48: 
Roondabont .construction at QejRM 
:Pairk between Newport and Cardiff 
Gwent; lane closures, off peak and 

. Tbe North: A66: Resurfecing 
between Mount Pleasutt t^im and 
Greta Bridge; lempmary fights. Mfe 
Wade on central . reservation 
between junctions 32 and 33. A34: 
.Water main work . in Coogleton 
town centre at various points; local 
diversions; traffic controls; severe 


Scotland: A.74^ Southbound in- 
side lane dosed SL of Blackwood due 
to water works. M74: Southbound 
carriageway dosed between junc- 
timis 4 (Hamilton interchange) and 
3 ,'tLaricbill interchange). -Glasgow: 
resurfacing work in Gorbals Cross 
area has left a bumpy and 'uneven 
surface; delays possible. 


Tbe Mirror, commenting, oh the 
Westland affair, says: “In the 
Commons on Monday night,. Leon 
Brittan .; was shifty, shabby but 
unashamed. Increasn^y, this 1 Cabi- 
net looks as if ft has fallen off the 
bade of a lorry. 2r is bdd together - 
Mr Heseltine. apart - by its desireno: 
stay in office. Principle and purpose, 
in so far as They ever esosteff "have 
’disappeared.” ■ 

. .The Star says that Mr Leon 
Brittan should “resign forthwith” 
fbr-thegpbd of his party and for the 
good of the country. • The paper 
adds: ■ftOvw.tbe' centuries, poli- 
ticians'' of all . persuasions have got 
themselves entbhuled in all manner 
of diiqineryr or . .been exposed as 
Totally incompetent. But one baric 
and _ golden _ rale, has . always 
remained - that ministers , do not 
mislead or ev*en attempt to mi«t«iri 
the House of Commons- 

Snow reports 

flood- • tiha 

- Depth ' -CohdHtona. Weether 

(cm) Off Runs to ■ ^pm) 

L U Piste- Plate 


Aiteaal - 60 80 ^ood . 

Warn patches on lower slopes . 


igU 40 80 . good : ' varied.' good 

Good 8»nfl evarywhsra 
St Anton - 90 220 

Haavyanow ontop 

laola 95 1 10 good 

varied-- he«V y ' spring-. -rate 

heavy good, rain 
he a vy tab- rain 

— — a -varied - good ” fine , 

Plenty of good akffng 

LaPtagne 150 1 85 good ---heavy good snow 

Limited runs, avalanche danger 
Me g ave *180 170 good 

Continual mow, poor visibISy 
Moraine 30 - 90 fair 

Avalanche danger on some nets 

GrindetemM 45 75- good 

Avalanche danger extreme 
Andam a n 65 100 goad 

South slopes now open 
Miaien 80 90 good 

Limited skiing, avalanche danger 
In the above reports, supplied by the Sid Oub of Great Britain re presenta tives. L 
raters to lower slopes and U to upper slopes. Other snow reports page 24. 

heavy fair 
heavy fair 
heavy good 




showers with snow in places: wted NW 
moderating; slowly: Max 

Engtand, Borden, Etftnbwgh, 
Dund ee , Aberdee n , Canute fflflfatanoa, 
Moray Fkth: Sunny bttnvals, stem or 
enow abowBrs.: possibly -rather heavy 
snowfall on NIls : w»t ditrfag; vdnd N to 
NW strong to gale sfowty moderaflng; 
Max temp 5C 

NE Scottend, Orkney, Sheftand: 
Bright interval^ frequent snow showers 
perhaps heavy faffs on high grand with 
drtfting; wind N fresh or strong.pertiapa 
gate at first; Max temp 4C 

Outlook for tomorrow and'Rtday: 
Sunny intervals with- scattered snow 
showers dying out: rain or4Uiow In the N 
and W laten cold with widespread night 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sea, Strati of 
Dover Wind W or NW, strong to severe 
gale, locally storm at first: showers; 
Vbfbfity moderate: sea very rough. 
English Chaims! (E* WJite.W cr NW, 
strong to gate: showers; vtstoifity 
moderate; sea rough or very, rough. St 
George'* Channel: Wind W or NW, fresh 
or svixig, locaBy gate at first; showers; 
vtefbfflty moderate or good; wt rough, 
moderating later. Irish Sea: WtndNW 
strong to gate, 
first; showers; 
rough todaffy very 


1048 l 
F teK quartan JawWy 17. 

421 pro 



Xighting-np time 

London 4^1 pro to 759 * 

BdaM&OO pm to 74B ant 

44 1 pm to em am 
450 pm to 748 an 
6.18 pm to 7^*8 are 


Tampwatoer at m i dd a y y aa t a r d ap c. doud; t 
Trier, rate; a, am: 


Mae t f -4 30 On may V.9 48 

■ red up h — f 5.47 .. tovamaae r.B 43 

Bl a c kpo rf c 8 43 Jareay e 9 48 

Bitatoi l “8 48 Loocfon- ' . r'O 48 

CBMfi t»S 41 Manchaater r.6 43 
r 5 41 H ev - rvn te . -iT41 
r 5 41-. ndeaMaway ^-8 48 

Letter from Hong Kong 

Peking watchdogs 

In 1967 itwas the bastion of 
violent revolt against the 
British authorities in Hong 
Kong. Rehoused now, it is the 
diplomatic headquarters of the 
Chinese government's main 
repr e s entatives in the terri- 
tory, .which is to revert to the 
sovereignty of the People’s 
Republic in 1997. 

The modem multi-storey 
building overlooking the 
Happy Valley racecourse is a 
far cry from the former pokey 
premises in the Wanchai red 
tight district of Hong Kong 
Island. Several hundred 
people now work inside the 
building which houses the 
Hong Kong branch of the 
Xinhua (New China) news 

Anybody who has close ties 
with the Chinese mainland 
may make representations to 
Xinhua, especially if they have 
grievances against the British 
authorities. But the Xinhua 
“journalists" usually tell plain- 
tiffs: “We are not the Govern- 
ment of Hong Kong. Auth- 
ority rests with the (British- 
dominated) Hong Kong 
Government until 1997." 

Nonetheless Xinhua has 
become tbe spokesman of 
Peking's policies with regard 
to Hong Kong, and it was in 
the agency office that Mr Ji 
Pengfei, head of the Chinese 
Office for Hong Kong and 
Macao Affairs, recently gave a 
press conference which irri- 
tated local journalists and 
foreign correspondents be- 
cause he merely read out 
replies to question submitted 
in advance, and took no 
questions from the floor. 

No clearer demonstration 
could have been given of 
Peking's intention of dominat- 
ing Hons Kong's political life, 
both before and after 1997. 
Tbe British have been accused 
by China of introducing 
unwarranted electoral pro- 
cesses which may destabilize 
the territory and have no 
constitutional bans, since 
Pelting has not yet drawn up 
the “basic law" or mini-consti- 
tution for the territory. 

Xinhua has been the official 
mouthpiece of the Pelting 
Government and Communist 
Party since 1949, when the 
Communists were victorious 
in the Chinese civil war. Its 
dialogue with the British 
Foreign Office's political ad- 

viser here has settled amicably 
many a problem of China- 
Hong Kong relations. 

Xinhua has also played an 
important role in promoting 
“united front” tactics in 
relations with local journalists 
and business people who have 
an interest in Chinese affairs. 

The present Xinhua direc- 
tor, Mr Xu Jialun, is a former 
provincua! administrator from 
the mainland. His normally 
evasive attitude towards ques- 
tions from the press corps was 
discarded recently, when be 
summoned local Chinese 
reporters and told them that 
the moves towards a demo- 
cratic electorial system in 
Hong Kong were in contra- 
vention of the 19S4 Sino-Brit- 
ish . agreement 

Xinhua is charged with 
gathering the views of the 
nearly six million local people 
with regard to the 1997 
transition and how it should 
be best effected. 

Several veteran officials of 
the news agency have been 
here for a quarter of a century 
and more, and are thoroughly 
familiar with both British and 
local Cantonese attitudes. 
Agressive and stem when 
Hong Kong-mainlnnd re- 
lations are bad, they arc 
discreetly charming when 
things improve again. They 
have seen enough turns of the 
political wheel to be reason- 
ably confident that the presen L 
friendly nature of British- 
Hong Kong-China relations 
will not deteriorate seriously 
again in their lifetime. 

Xinhua is not Peking's only 
important representative in 
Hong Kong. The Bank of 
China and the trading com- 
pany China Resources arc 
very inmportant economi- 
cally; and Mr Wang Guangy- 
ing, brother-in-law of the late 
Chinese head of state, Liu 
ShaoquL is known as the Red 
Taipan for his large purchases 
of local oral estate with funds 
originating in China. 

The 13 mainland-domi- 
nated banks in Hong Kong 
have succeeded in bringing a 
substantial portion of small 
manufacturing industry under 
their coitrol. .But it is Xinhua 
they all look to for political 
guidance when the situation 
becomes murky. 

David Bona via 



A cold Northerly airstream 
covers the British Isles. 

6am to midnight 

Landbn, SE, Central S England, 
McBands Sunny intervals, scattered 
showers; wind NW trash or strong; Max 
temp BC (43F). 

East Angfla, E Englamt Sumy 
intervals ana showers, most frequent 
near coast and turn teg to snow hi 
pieces; wind NW strong to gale 
moderating stowty. Max temp 5C(41F). 

Channel islands, SW England. S 
Walas; Sumy Intervals, occasional 
showers; wind NW fresh or strong 
moderating slowly; Max temp 8C (48F). 

N Wales, NW, central N Engtand. 
Late District, tale Of Man, SW, NW 
Scotland, ..Gtaagow, AigyS, 

Sunny, intervals, .c 

High tides 

b-ttoa sky; bo-biua dw and < 
o-awcaat f-4 og d-drtzzfe; tv-haft m-mtat 
iHialn: a-anow; th-thundemonn; p-atiowan. 
Arrows show wind dracflOfL wtoorawd fraud] 
OclatL i wBp— t g ea ran fiBrada 






Loodoo Bridge 









123 10.47 









11 A 1022 
















































12 .0* 









MJttonJ Haven 




























Southern pfian 

















6 U8 


7M* «aaa» Bnwn» In »■ » **! laadmOBft 

Around Britain 

Sun Rate 
hr te 


35 -05 

*jj jn 
25 - 

*2 .01 
35 - 

HaigA - 411 


ZB -03 

44 M 

84 - 

2J - 
24 St 2 

LMahMflte 34 46 

BoonerR 35 42 

35 43 
4 A 47 
34 47 
34 47 
34 43 

45 44 

WaynouSi 34 42 

37 49 
Tatoamu* 4 3. 45 

Tonwar 35 43 

Fafenovtfa 24 .13 

Famaan Z3 45 

Janay 04 .19 

Goanwr 14 47 

ScBrMaa 14 42 

H w wg 2.1 42 

C F 

6 43 Mgtt 
• -43 0r«* 

8 48 talgm 
8 48 sunny 
8 48 bright 
8 48 WKMlva 

11 ! 

10 SO remain 

Sun Rate 
hra in 

Bbwuulw - .11 

TMby 14 44 

GohnnBay 14 
Southport - 44 
— tas te 14 43 
DoogUs 35 42 
London CCtrfl 1.7 42 
ffbaaiMroq 1 A 42 

SSS® H 2 

g&ffifcpfi it 46 
W a n e*— to r 0.4 41 
NWkgtani 3-4 49 
H-ctHv Tyrra 52 46 
C aifiato 0.1 48 

FWrfW nrtr - 123 
Prsrtwtcfc - .37 
- .17 
05 -19 
Stontowey 02 40 
Lwwick 02 51 

0.4 .17 
KMna - 49 

A h y te a n 34 .18 
EOnteaWi 1.1 .13 

' 05 46 

C F 

9 48 atoners 
8 48 cloudy 
8 48 awvnram 
7 45 gala 

7 45 afrowar a 

8 43 ckxjdypni 

9 48 ahowar a 

7 46 ahowara 
9 48 Bhowsn 

8 48 naff 

7 45 
T 45 

8 43 
8 43 ahowara 

6 43 sunny 

7 45 ahowara 

5 41 anew 

8 46 mo ment 
8 48 afto w ra 
8 48 ahowera 
7 45 B hcrw Bi* 

6 43 ahowera 

7 46 ahowara 

7 45 ahowara 

8 48 ahowera 

7 45 ahowera 
S 43 Western 



Yaatontor Tanes max 6 am to BlpavBC (48R; 
mte 8 pro B B m. 7C t45FV Hunidty; 6 pm. 57 
per cent. Rate 3*hr 10 6 uni; OXBte. Sun: 2*hr 
to 5 pm. 1.7hr. to. ■ 

12015 fflBBwm. Mbs- 




Highest and lowest 

C F 
e 13 55 
C IS 59 
I IS 84 

- - • 15 88 

to. maan aaa lawaL 6 pm Amatorden f 7 45 

*“ a 13 55 

a 20 68 

t 11 52 

e 7 46 
C 5 41 

1 12 5* 
C 8 48 
1 11 52 
e 848 
t 4 39 

I 17 83 
C 18 84 

a 15 39 

MDOAYi c. doiafc d, Afada; f, Mr; fg. tog: r, rate; s. am an. now. 

Catog n a 




totetoi Hghaei day ampc tales ol Sc%. 
ncpzF); lowest darmaa: tobrook, 5CtfiFk 
htohaar rakiMt Nctot Ptwc and Atorxxi 
ifBm Msteaai amtiln*: Leutfiara. B.ihr. 


times newspapers limited. 

Primed and pu Wished by Times 
Umiwd, P.a Bos 7, 200 
Road. London. WCIX JEZ. 
TefcphOTe 01-837 1234. Tctac 
.... W rrfaci d a y January 15 19&6. 

RcsotcRd as a ncwsjw at ifac Post DfScc. 

Boen Aires 
Cepe TP 

Hoag Kong 
In a s toH 




C F 
c B 43 
I 3 37 
a 13 55 
S S 41 
C 9 48 
m 18 61 
f 9 48 
r 7 45 
c 17 83 
r 745 
a 15 a 
an -8 18 

a 18 64 
tg 298 
i 7 45 
a 27 M 

* 20 68 
a 19 61 
a 12 54 
a 7 45 

Mexico C 

New York 


1 23 73 Madrid ” alto , <. «. 

- dwntea Mondaya Dguras are mast Bvaxabia 

C F 

MNorca a 17 63 Room 

M«aga * 15 50 Satahi 

15 53 - - 

27 81 

a S 41 

an -3 27 
e S 48 
1 27 81 

c 10 50 

.a 20 88 


a 14 57 Toronto 
an -1 30 Twite 
r 8 48 VaHnete 
* 6 48 
a 35 77 
r 3 87 
c 1 34 
a 14 S7 

a 20 88 

a 27 81 Zurich 

C F 
c is a 

1 8 46 

* 2 36 
f 12 54 
c 4 a 

t 20 88 
1 8 48