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No 62,346 



Dawn chorus line 

Celebrities join the 
battle of Britain 
After Bradford 
The PoppieweU 
report on football 
safety: full details 

US or them? 

David Watt on the 
choice facing 
the Westland voters 

Whispered words 
The subliminal 
way to stop 
shoplifting . . . 

Tory MPs fear shock waves of Westland crisis 

Thatcher attack 
on Heseltine’s 
‘absurd views’ 

Fonr winners shared the Hues 
Portfolio competition prize 
yesterday. They are Mrs JoEe 
Herbert of Wallasey, Mersey- 
side; Mr L KiUick of 
Herstmoncenx, East Sussex; 
Mr I. West of Cromer, 
Hertfordshire; and Mrs Bever- 
ley Potter of Milton Keynes. 
Portfolio list, page 18; bow to 
play, information service, hack 

NUT leaves 
Acas talks 

The National Union of Teach- 
ers said Iasi night after talks 
organized by tbe conciliation 
service, Acas, that it was 
withdrawing from the nego- 
tiations and would continue 
industrial action alone if other 
unions reached an agreement in 
the pay dispute. Four other | 
teachers' unions described the 
talks as “helpful" and will meet 
again on Tuesday 

Head teachers' ballot, page 2 

Polar leader’s 
tears of joy 

The co-leader of the British 
expedition that followed Cap- 
tain Scon's ill-fated journey to 
the South Pole, told of his tears 
of joy when they raised the 
Union Jack at tbe pole Page 3 

• The Prime Minister dismissed as '• Conservative backbenchers’ widely held 

absurd allegations by Mr Heselftme that view last night was that the reputation of 
the Government had given inadequate the Prime Minister and her government 
consideration to the Westland crisis had been badly damaged - 

• Mrs Thatcher told the Commons the # Westland’s stockbrokers have conceded 

former Secretary of State fin Defence was that the pro-European shareholders appear . 
not prepared to accept the discipline of to have enough votes to block the planned 
collective responsibility Sikorsky-Flat link 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Tbe Prime Minister last night Europe did not band together earlier publication of Sir Austin 
dismissed as absurd Mr Michael they could not compete with the Pearce’s “Private and strictly 
Heseltine’s allegation that the American defence industries confidential" letter, alleging the 
Government had given made- which received $ 280 billion strongest pressure exerted on 
Quale consideration to the £195biIlion a year. his colleague Sir Raymond Lygo 

Quale consideration to the 
Westland crisis. 

In a direct challenge to his commons battle, Mr Heseltine Mrs Thatcher reminded the 
resignation op the ground that wondered whether Britain House yesterday that Sir Aus- 
collective Cabinet responsibility should dine a la carle in Europe; tin's letter had been ac- 
had broken down. Mis Marga- going for Airbus and the fighter cornpanied by “the record of 
ret Thatcher told a packed aircraft but opting out of the meeting taken by the 
House of Commons: “He was helicopters. He pointed out that Department of Trades and 
prepared to acknowledge the such a policy was often more Industry", which had been 

confidential" letter, alleging the 
strongest pressure exerted on 
his colleague Sir Raymond Lygo 

in one of the few jokes of the by Mr Brittan last week. 

Mrs Thatcher reminded the 
House yesterday that Sir Aus- 
tin's letter had been ac- 

aircraft but opting out of the meeting taken by the 
helicopters. He pointed out that Department of Trades and 

advantages of collective re- 
sponsibility without being pre- 
pared to accept tbe disciplines 

But with Mr Heseltine and 
Mr Neil Kinnock, the Labour 
Party leader, challenging the 
veracity of statements made by 
ministers and officials, it was 
the widely-held view of Con- 
servative backbenchers last 
night that the reputation of the 
Prime Minister and of the 
Government had been badly 

Many Tory backbenchers 
believe tht the government's 
fortunes are on the slide, and 
that although Mr Leon Brittan, 
Secretary of Slate for Trade and 
Industry had to be saved 
because he was so close to Mrs 
Thatcher herself, his career was 
hanging by a thread. 

The Government’s difficulty 
is that the Westland affair will 
not go away. No matter what 
the shareholders decide the 

such a policy was often more Industry” , 

expensive “and one’s com- 
panions tend to copy one’s 

published “in fufi." She added: 
“I very much regret that there is 
a different recollection in some 

He also returned to the fray respects of what was said." 

former colleagues 

She said that the Govero- 

challenging directly the P rime ment’s approach to Westland 
Minis ter’s version of the letters had been tbe subject “of the 
of October 4 and 18, on the most- thorough collective con- 
Government’s pro-European sideration by ministers". Mrs 
policy; and intention to hold a T hat c h e r said that although a 

majority of colleagues at two ad Mr Leon Brittan leaving the Department of Trade and 

The letters 2 ££ Industry yesterday. (Photograph: CfarisHarris). 

Parliament 4 national armaments directors 

dsssw™ “ Scrap nuclear arms 

=* by 2001 -Gorbachov 

further meeting of ministers on 9 . 

November 13. In direct conflict with Mr From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Mf Heseltine said that Heseltine, she said: “The On the ere of the reopening positive results on arms control 
oftmlshadrecofded the Prune conclusions of the 9 December of the Geneva arms' control before .this year’s second 
Ministers December 9 promise meeting laid down a clear policy talks, the Soviet Union last sanenxnrer summit, made it 

Commons Select Committee on from which the minutes were 

Defence will investigate all the prepared." 

allegations made by Mr Hesei- On the Government's de- 

10 have that meeting. “They are and made it unnecessary to hold 
not in the minutes, but 1 believe a further meeting.” 

them to be in the notebooks w _ . 

from which the minutes were . -j°^f k ' -. opcn i n f , the 

prepared.'’ debate, said that it was 4 debate 

On the Government's de- ab f* u . ihe truth; “the _ complete 

Trrt • . . _ allegations made by Mr Hesei- un me Governments de- — .,. 7 : ~ 

EammgS rise tineandthrirhearingsarelikeiy clarod , poliejr of Wire even- SvSnmem 

Average earnings in November 
were 8.6 per -cent higher than 
year earlier. The increase was 
well ahead of the rate of 
inflation Page 19 j 


The TUC is expected next 
month to drop its five-year j 
boycott of state funding for 
postal ballots Page 2 

Joseph plea 

A plea for professional training ’ 
to be incorporated into jobs for 
the sake of Britain’s prosperity 
is piade by Sir Keith Joseph, 
Secretary of State for 
Education, in an introduction to 
today's eight-page General 
Appointments section 

Pages 37-44 

Desert deaths | 

The organizer of the Pans- 1 
Dakar car rally and four others 
were killed when their helicop- 
ter hit a sand dune and crashed 
in the Mali desert Page 8 

to be held in public. 

handed, he said that there bad 

Meanwhile, although younger been selected leaks from tbe law 
Conservative MPs were whis- officer’s letter, “used quite 
pering of the chances of “a wrongly to damage my credi- 
palace revolution" there was no bility", the Foreign Office had J eUo, « 

sign last night that Mr Hcsehine asked the Italians to stop 
was being actively prepared for sending messages of support, n r, 
a leadership bid. At the same and attempts had been made to TTTtJL. 

time it was thought that the stop a BBC radio programme . 

central element of his speech in on which he had been inter- 
the Commons, described as the viewed. 1^,1“ 

“patriotic card”, would do him The drama of Mr Heseltine’s ^ conflicting 
no harm. speech, delivered aaainst the 

government conduct in relation 
to the affairs of Westland.” He 
also referred to the Prime 
Minister’s "rule by over-rule” 
and the “jelloid” nature of her 

But in discussing the events 
of the affair, he repeatedly , 
returned to “the two versions” 

On the ere of the reopening 
of the Geneva arms' control 
hilts, the Soviet Union last 
night launched a new initiative 
with the. announcement of a 
three-month extension in its 
recently expired moraloriam on 
nuclear tests and a 15-year 
timetable for bannfog aD 
nuclear. weapons. 

The offer was annomteed by 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Kremlin leader, in a statement 
lead on Soviet television. “The 
Soviet Union is proposing a 
programme of ridding mankind 
of fear of nuclear catastrophe to 
be carried oat at the beginning 

SF’JlSS.Tft and said of Uie nOD-metttagof 

no harm. speech, delivered against the 

He told the House that he background of Mr Kinnock’s 
had campaigned for a European opening and Mrs Thatcher's 

-r. _ \ „ lt . . able House had a difficulty with 

The drama of Mr Heseltine s ^ conflicting words of two , 

Right Honourable Members - 
Mr Heseltine and the Prime | 

bid for Westland because if response, was underlined by the Con tinned on back page, col 6 

Vote will block Sikorsky deal, 
says Cuckney campaign chief 

Mr Alan Bristow 
United Scientific 

Lloyds Merchant Bank 
Uoyds Bank Pension Fund 

By Patience Wheatcroft THE SHAREHOLDERS 

Only one day before the vital (In round figures) 

Westland shareholders' meet- ■ ■■■ 

ing, the company's stockbrokers Pro-European Consortium 
are admitting that there appear Mr Alan Bristow 
to be sufficient opposition votes United Scientific 
to block the planned link with p^ eMor . 

& Mr^PWer Wilmoi-SitwelL Bank Pension Fui 

Mr Peter Wilmot-Sitwell, Firm proxies from sma 

senior partner at Rowe & f^ers at 

Pitman, said last night: “The Total: 

indications are that the oppo- 

si lion have more than the Pro-SOcorsky: 
necessary 25 percent.” Mystery buyer 

However, intense lobbying JT&G 

continued of United Scientific 
holdings, which says its 5 per 
cent ofwestland will be voted shkSlcKS? 
against the Sikorsky-Fiat deal. If Total- 
United Scientific changed its — 

mind, that would . probably be 

““ But a high proportion of 
Westland's private shareholders 
are likely to be contacted by 
stockholders or bankers in 
ig% search of shares, or votes. 

5 % Shares bought in the last few 
1 % days before the meeting would 
1 % not be registered in time, but" it 
1 % was possible to buy them with 

exclusive service of peace”, he 

The announcement was seen 
in diplomatic circles as another 
skilful attempt by the Kremlin 
to steal tbe propaganda initiat- 
ive from the US m advance of 
today's opening of the fourth 
round of toe deadlocked 
Geneva talks. To date, the 
White House has rejected all 
calls from Moscow to join tbe 
moratorium on nuclear ex- 

; Mr Gorbachov made it dear 
that as a token of Soviet good 
faith, the moratorium which 
expired two weeks ago would be 
extended for three months, and 
even further if Washington 
agreed to match it." 

Mr Gorbachov, who . is 
known to be anxious for 

Firm proxies from small share- the benefit of the votes. 



at M ^ The prolific trade in shares 
_ over the last few days means 
that tomorrow's vote will create 
15 % 311 enormous administrative 
7.5% problem for scrutineers making 
6.6% sure that no share is voted 
2.3% twice. The count could take at ! 

least four hours but the meeting 
38% may have to leave the Royal 
Albert Hall in London in the I 
l_ evening because of a scheduled 


Sun Afliance 
Profific Trust 

Aden fighting stops as 
rebels are crushed 




stopped early last night as causes 
Government forces tightened attempt”, 
their grip on the South Yemen The f 

Uliuu, tuai f pi uimm/i; uw iLtliiiu t H 

enough to turn the vote in 20p more than the quoted raalca - 

By Our Foreign Staff 

in Aden Party officials to “confront 
night as causes of toe feild coup 
tightened attempt”. 

to Yemen The Prime Minis ter, Mr 

Meanwhile, there were more Marxists. 

European consortium’s sup- have been vc 
porters, though Sir Frank Sikorsky-FiaL 
Cooper, its chairman, refused to Small share; 
comment already cast m 

Lesotho scare 

Lesotho dented reports of a 
coup attempt after paramilitary 
troops surrounded and searched 
Cabinet offices in Maseru. The 
whereabouts of the King and 
Prime Minister were unknown 
Page 7 

favour of Sikorsky-FiaL market price, but his stock- Meanwhile, there were more 1 

It is considered the only brokers apparently concentrated rumours about toe identity of 
possible weak link in the on buying shares that might the mystery buyer who has 1 
European consortium’s sup- have been voted in favour of bought 15 pier cent of Westland I 
porters, though Sir Frank Sikorsky-Fiat shares to support the Sikorsky- i 

Cooper, its chairman, refused to Small shareholders who have 1 Suggestions ranged 
comment . already cast proxy votes against T° m ■ Saudi Arabians to the 

Mr Alan Bnstow, toe million- the Sikorsky-Fiat deal have £mencan banker Mr David 
aire opponent of the Sikorsky- generally sent these direct to the K0 9 cetel r r ' w, . th 501116 sources, 
Fiat link, was believed to be European consortium’s ™ ad- szy ^ > ^ . mosl 

adding to his Westland stake visers, Lloyds Merchant Bank candidate was Allied Signal, an 
yesterday, taking it to fractio- so that Westland’s advisers do 

nally below 15 per cent He not know their identity to L§5L.?£? °* P- e jy estta nd 
offered llOp a share, virtually canvass them. subsidiary Normalair-Garrett 

capital three days after a failed Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas. in 
coup attempt by radical Delhi on an offical visit, 
Marxists. _ cancelled a trip to .China and 

Official sources in Aden said announced that toe would be 
forces -of toe pro-Soviet leaving toe Indian capital last 
Government had crushed most night for Moscow. 

subsidiary Normalair-Garrett 

of the rebel elements and denied Meanwhile, in Djubouti, the 
that President Ali Nasser captain-of a Greek freighter said 
Muhammad had been wounded that the fi ghting in South 
in an assais n a ti on attempt on Yemen appeared to have pitted 
Monday. toe Navy and Air Force against 

“Life is gradually returning to -toe Army, 
normal after three days . of . Captain George Batexas said 
fighting.” an. official mid- he and his crew had left Aden’s 
President Muhhammad was port on Tuesday night after two 
meeting with Yemeni Socialist days of hefl”. 


Britain's fuel costs will be cut by 
£7 billion a year if the aims of 
Efficiency Year 1986 to prevent 
waste are achieved. A Special 

Report Pages 23-27 

1 Law Report 16 
1 Obituary 16 
Parliament 4 
Sale Roam 16 
Science 16 

Snow reports 36 
Sport 30-32 
TV* Radio 35 
Theatres, etc 35 
Universities 16 
Weather 36 
WIBs 16 

Willis urges union to halt Wapping supplement 

By Donald MacIntyre 
Labour Editor 
Mr Norman Willis, general 
secretary of the TUG, last 
night urged the electricians’ 
anion to prevent its members at 
News International^ new plant 
in east London from producing 
a special supplement, due to be 
included in this weekend’s 
issue of The Sunday Times. 

The request was put both in 
writing and at an hour-long 
meeting between Mr Willis and 
Mr Eric Hammond, tbe general 
secretary of the EEPTU, which 
on Tuesday decided to p ur su e 
its own national level nego- 
tiations aimed at seeming an 
agreement to cover the new 
Wapping plant. 

Mr Willis's meeting with Mr 
Hammond came as the TUC 
summoned the leaders of all 
five print unions, induding the 
electricians and the jonnutiists, 
to an emergency meeting to 
discuss the Issue tonight at 
Congress House. 

Mr Willis’s intervention came 
after a formal complaint from 
Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of the print union 
SOGAT *82, that the new 
section would be produced this 
weekend by staff currently 
employed at Wapping, who are 
members of the EEPTU. A 
letter from Miss Dean says 
that neither SOGAT, the 
Amalgamated Union of Engin- 
eering Workers, tbe National 
Graphical Association, nor the 

National Union of Journalists, 
have agreements with the 
company covering Wapping. 
Miss Dean added: “Clearly 
this Is a very serious develop- 
ment and I would be obliged for 
your immediate intervention to 
prevent this breach of the TUC 


In his letter to the EEPTU 
yesterday, Mr Willis said that 
if it were the case, as Miss 
Dean said, that t he s taff at 
Wapping were EEPTU mem- 
bers, then he took it that “the 
EEPTU will take all steps open 
to it to prevent actions by any 
EEPTU members which disre- 
gard toe direct and material 
interests of other unions that 
have hmg <tnm<ing agreements 
with News International”. 

Mr Willis repeated his 
advice formally issued on 
December 23 that jio print 
union should enter into “an 
agreement or arrangement with 
News International" other than 
with tbe agreement of the other 
unions. It repe ated h is earlier 
calls for the EETPU to take 
part in a joint negotiating 
approach to the company. 

Mr Hammond made it «*l— r 
to Mr Wflfis last m ghf that he, 
in common with other TUC 
general council members from 
the print muons, together with 
Mr Harry Ganroy, general 
secretary of toe National Union 
of Journalists, would be attend- 
tog tonight’s emergency talks. 

Mr WnKs is udexstood to 
have made it dear at meeting . 

with leaders oT the fonr- print 
unions other than die elec- 
tricians- earlier yesterday, that 
be accepted -Mr Hammond’s 
i nt e rpr et ation that the mere 
pursuit of sepa rate negotiations 
by the EETPU did not -conflict 
with the formal advice issued 
on December 23. Defiance of 
such advice carries the possible 
penalty of expnlshra from the 

Although Mr Willis’s letter 
pressed yesterday for an 
“urgent and po siti v e - response” 
to his request for a g n mnwi " 
approach by aD unions, includ- 
ing the electricians, the TUC 
appears to accept that the 
formal advice c o v e rs only the 

— Continued on back page, coT2 

ury rules 
out further 
spending cuts 

By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 

tiding will not be prices are expected to rise by 4)fz 
before the next percent in 1986-87, 3*5 percent 

Industry yesterday. (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Scrap nuclear arms 
by 2001 - Gorbachov 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

positive results on arms control 
before this year’s second 
superpower summit, made it 
dear that the plan would 
depend on the US abandoning 
.plans for space-based missile 

The first stage of Moscow’s 
plan envisaged a redaction of. 
58 per cent hr US and Soviet 
weapons which coaid reach 
each other’s territory within the 
next eight years. This. Mr 
Gorbachov stated, would bring 
warheads down to 6,000 . on 
each side. “Such a reduction is 
only possible if the USSR and 
the US mutually renounce the 
develoment testing and deploy- 
ment of space strike weapons", 
he emphasized. 

In tite second stage, begin- 
ning in 1990 and lasting 
between five and seven years, 
Mr Gorbachov said that other 
nuclear powers, including Bri- 
tain, would begin to engage in 
nuclear disarmament The 
superpowers would continue to 
eliminate intermediate-range 
weapons and freeze their short- 
range or tactical systems, 

‘‘Stage three wfll begin no 
later than 1995,” he said. “In 
this stage the dimmation of all 
remaining nuclear weapons wifi 
be completed. By the end of 
1999 there wfll be no nuclear 
weapons on earth. A universal 
accord wifi be drawn op that 
such weapons should never 
again come into being." 

SDI wanting, page 7 

Public spending will not be 
cut further before the next 
general election, according to 
the Government’s White Paper 
published yesterday.. Mr John 
MacGregor, the Treasury minis- 
ter to charge of expenditure, 
claimed that real resources are 
increasing as “we are achieving 
much better value for money”. 

Mr MacGregor, the - Chief 
Secretary to the treasury, 
singled out a 20 per cent real 
reduction in the cost of building 
motorways since 1979, an 
increase in the number of 
patients treated to hospital, and 
increased competition for 
defence contracts as examples 
of the Goverment’s efficiency 

According to the figures in 
’the White Paper, total public 
spending is being cut, in real 
terms, both this year <1985-86) 
and next (1986-87). This is the 
first such reduction actually 
(achieved by the Thatcher 
Government However, the fell 
between last year and this is 
largely explained by the end of 
the miner's strike, which 
pushed the 1984-85 figures way 
over target while the figures for 
next year are artificially reduced 
by a jump of £2,100 million in 
the amount the Treasury hopes 
for from asset sales. 

While Paper plans for 1987- 
88 and 1988-89 - tbe final year 
covered - show pubic spending 
remaining broadly constant in 
real terms, rising roughly in line 
with inflation to a total of 
£148,700 million in the final 
year. The White Paper suggests 
tins would allow spending to 
fell in proportion to national 
income, from 44 Yi per cent-this 
year to 41 per cent, since the 
economy should be growing. 

Within the total, the biggest 
increase is planned for -employ- 
ment programmes, whose cost 
is expected to rise 19 per cent 
between now and 1988-89. 
Spending on health and per- 
sonal social serviocs is planned 
to increase 15 percent 

The plans imply that social 
security, the largest spending 
programme, will rise by 1 1 per 
cent by 1988-89 ~ broadly in 
line with inflation. Mr Norman 
.Fowler’s reviews will be taking 
effect by the end of the period, 
but the plans do not show a real 
cut in spending. ' 

At the opposite extreme, 
Spending on trade and industry 
is planned 10 fell by 48 per cent 
by 1988-89, housing expendi- 
ture by 4 per cent and spending 
on education and science to 
remain unchanged - which 
means a cut in real terms, since 

prices are expected to rise oy 'ty- 
per cent in 1986-87, 3*5 percent 
in 1987-88 and 3 per cent in 

Defence spending is planned 
to rise only 4 per cent between 
now and 1988-89. After years of 
substantial increase, this im- 
plies three years of modest 

Substantial increases in plans 
for 1 986-87 have been conceded 
since the last White Paper, They 
include an extra £990 million 
for social security and £510 
million on employment, to be 
paid for out of higher asset sales 
and a cut in the Treasury's 

Spending on motorways and 
new roads has been increased: 
construction is to start on 150 
miles of new roads in 1986-87. 
compared with 80 miles in 
1985-86. However, total invest- 
ment by the public sector is 
planned to fell further, attract- 
ing criticism from the Oppo- 
sition and the Confederation of 
British Industry. 

Including captial grants to 
private industry, total public 
sector capital spending is 
expected to decline by £500 
mmjon between now and 1988- 
89 - a substantial real fell after 
allowing for inflation. 

Detefla, page? 
leading article, page 15 

Tan years of change in 
pubfic spending (%} 


Employment etc 

« *1 


Health & personal 

social services 





« 5 





2.1-*- ' 0/ 


Industry etc " 


r ^ 


12.7 / 


& science 



85/86 88/89 

Colon tests for Reagan 

Washington (AFP) - President 
Reagan will undergoan examina- 
tion of his colon tomorrow, the 
first since a cancerous growth 
was removed from- his large 
intestine last July 13, the White 
House said yesterday. 

Mr Reagan will undergo 
the “routine post-operative" 
examinations at the Naval 
Hospital in Betbesda, Mary- 

land, the White House spokes- 
man, Mr Larry Speakes, said. 
He added that the President, 
who will be 75 on February 6, 
was “feeling great”. 

Mr Reagan will also undergo 
blood tests and X-rays. It wa& 
not made clear whether ihc 
President would spend the nigh : 
in the hospital as a precaution 
'against possible bleeding 

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J obless benefit |Two versions of key meeting 

to be cut 
for more than 

By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 
The Prime Minister yesterday exposed 
the reputations of two distmgoushed public 
servants to open scrutiny with the Downing 
Street publication of diametrically opposed 
views about a key Westland meeting. 

Mr Michael Heseltine said in his 
resignation statement last Thursday that 

what happened at the meeting”. 

took issue wifh Shr Raymond on two central 

points of conflict ... H - 

“At no time in the wttlK J 

that British A«ospacejhoddjrtMraw 

from the European consortiBm > “****£ . 
“It was not said that British Aerospaces 

"had a; natural OTectation ^tiat B^tkj, 
Aerospace, the : most cacpaSeace^/ahniu 
lead” " , 

Mr Brittan expressing concern _ 
matter. But it did reportSir Rajm^J-. 
saying, apropos of nothing; ^Someone had 
needed to take the te adin.~~^"*"" * 
European consortium and : 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

More than 50,000 people a they also draw supplementary 

benefit against which then- 
reduced rates of unemployment 
benefit are off-set 
He said: “The rest are likely 
to have either a partner who is 
working or to have other 
resources of their own." The 
arrangements are “an aqjasti- 

year, many of them married 
women, are to lose from the 
reductions in unemployment 
benefit announced by die 
Government yesterday which 
the poverty lobby attacked as 
“just plain mean”. 

From a date yet to be 

decided, people who lose their fied complication of the social 
jobs, but have earnings in the security system and do not 
year that fell below the £1,775 represent a sensible use of 
needed to qualify for the full resources” 
rate of _ of unemployment To qualify for the half-rate 
benefit, will no longer be able to claimants wul have to have had 
get the benefit paid at half or £35.50 a week and to have 

consortium or its. participation, was 
contrary to the national interest”. 

In yesterday’s published, “private and 
strictly .confidential" Idler -from Sir Austin 
Pearce, chairman of British Aerospace* to 
the Prime .Minister, it was stated that Sir 

Raymondhad come put of the meeting, had « ~ - 

immediately made notes and had recounted . involvement in either tOTBornnra was Fumnean consoro im amrii 

resignation swemenr fast; xnnrsday that ? Utt Ufetaid dtt night that Mr Briton the naftmal toteist, .» 

the meeting bed Ohm place the pterions had add, “flat ithat y e re doing was not m ofnncer^&oraW^^a s their European coliabontoistf the? 

night between Mr Leon Britten. Secretary the ratiqml interest", and, *fhat *e should not in the .nagond - 

ofState for Trade and Indnstrr. and Sfr withdraw”. rrhere sales by British Aerospace ana ourei. owjew 

SSL*" *»^US = n^ ^ y ^ 

He said he had been told that Mr Brittan, ^ ^ ^ 

“substantially correct”. Mis Thatcher .meeting had taken place, and the day alter personalized and he was most unhappy 

simply said that Mr Brittan had given his.’ Mr Hesdtine had made his accusation. the situation” ■ :: ‘ V’-T 

statement to the House. 1 . V „ . Departmental sources reiased to cam- R ^ ^ last night ftatrSfcr Raymond- 

But she also pointed out that Mr ment, but Downing Street so urces_sa»a mat highly-charged response concerning anti- 
Brittan’s “recollection” had been shared Mr Mogg bad started hK dran on me Americanismhad been prorated and 
by Mr Geoffrey Pattie, * Minister for morning after the meeting anil nan *k» t«"« “A.H — —•« - 

Information Technology,- and the three CM completed it the next day. 

Servants present, Mr Alastafr Macdonald, It was noted that there was a miss i n g 

item from the Mogg minnte* 

three-quarters of the full rate. 

Instead only those with a full 
.contribution record will get 
unemployment benefit, which is 
worth £30.45 per week for a 
single person and £49.25 for a 

Those affected will be people 
who move in and out of short- 
term. and often low-paid jobs, 
but who when they are made 
redundant either have a partner 
who is working or have savings 
which mean they do not qualify 
for supplementary benefit. 

Mr Tony Newton. Minister 
for Social Security, said the 
administrative costs of paying 
the reduced rates of benefit are 
high. About £20 million is paid 
out, but its administration cost 
more than £4 million. More 
than half the recipients receive 
no financial advantage because 

earned £887.50 in the tax year, 
and to get the three-quarters 
rate earnings they will have to 
have reached £1 .33 1.25. 

A spokesman for the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security said in a full year about 
21,000 people received the half- 
rate payments and 36,000 the 
three-quarter rate payments, but 
had sources of income that 
disqualified them from receiv- 
ing supplementary benefit 
Those who would mainly be 
younger people aged under 30. 
Reduced rates will also no 
longer be paid for sickness 
benefit and maternity allow- 
ance, although the numbers 
affected will be small. 

Miss Ruth Lister, director of 
the Child Poverty Action 
Group, said the plan was “just 
plain mean. 

in the presence of another minister and 
officials, had told Sir Raymond “flat the 
role which British Aerospace were taking in 
the European consortium was against the 
national interest and that British Aerospace 
should withdraw”. 

He added: “So much for the wish of the 
sponsoring department to leave the matter 
to the shareholders . 

Mr Brittan told the Commons on 
Monday, in his first statement: “It is untrue 
to say that in the course of the meeting I 
made any suggestion that British Aerospace 
should withdraw from the European 

The suggested emotion of tiie' 

also caused Commons concern -f 

Sir Austin said, that "Sir Raymond 'find 
reported that the matter ^fwaa 

r. }/. 

the unpublished Lygo ^ull transcript” of 

the meeting, sent to Mrs Thatchfcr, had said 

as much. - ’ ; : 

■ i> ■ ■ 
\'y- \ : 

a deputy secetary, Mr John Mkhell, an 
under-secretary; and Mr John Mogg, Mr 
Brittan’s private secretary. 

Mr Pattie later made a statement in 
which he said: “I agree that, the official 

Some MPs pointed oat that Sir Austin's 
letter had described Mr Brittan expressing 
concern “at the consortium leadership role 
with the Europeans. Sir Raymond was said 

record represents an accurate account of to have replied that the European partners 

Sir Austin Pearce’s 
letter to 
Mrs Thatcher 

7. that the Ministry of Defence 
was British Aerospace’s largest 
customer and that the partners 
invoved in the Consortium 
were the same partners in our 
most important programme. 
Airbus, the European Fighter 
programme, the Trigat pro- 
gramme and Tornado 
In view of the serious nature 
of the complaints that had been 
made against the attitude of 
British Aerospace, it was con- 
sidered important that our 
British partner GEC should be 
informed of what had taken 
place. Also, since one of the 

TUC set to 
drop poll 
funding ban 

By Our Labour Editor 

The TUC is expected to deride 
next month on an unqualified 
reversal of its five year-old 
boycott of state funding for 
postal ballots. 

The TUCs employment 
committee yesterday decided to 
drop two options iuder which 
union leaders would have 
sought to limit the extent of 
application for public funding 
by affiliated unions. 

The likelihood of a wholesale 
reversal was underlined yester- 
day when Mr Roy Grantham, 
moderate chairman of the 
committee, said bluntly that the 
consultative conference of 
onion leaders which will con- 
sider the issue on Februrary 13, 
has “no choice” 'when it 
considers whether to maintain 
the policy last month, when it 
was facing -the prospect of 
otherwise expelling two of its 
biggest affiliates, the Amalga- 
mated Union of Engineering 
Workers, and the Electrical 
Electronic Telecommunication ■ 
and Plumbing Union, for their 
continued defiance of the 

Mr Grantham said that the 
general council had taken the 
view that the present position 
was “intolerable for the move- 
ment as a whole”. 

The committee • is rec- 
ommending that next month's 
conference should be faced with 
a clear choice between main- 
taining the policy, with all the 
accompanying prospects of 
expulsions and schism within 
the movement, or to end the 
boycott on Goverment funding 
once and for all. 

Heads to 
vote on 
meals issue 

By Lucy Hodges 
cation Cones pon< 

Education Coreespondent 

Head teachers voted yester- 
day for the first time to ballot 
on industrial action, which 
could mean schools close at 

The National Association of 
Head Teachers, which. has never 
taken nationwide action, took 
the first tentative step yesterday 
when branch secretaries voted 
for “a firm course of action”. Its 
24.500 members will be bal- 
loted in the next two weeks. 

Head teachers are angry that 
the Government's extra £40 
million to pay school meal 
supervisors is being used by 
local authorities to negotiate 
individual deals. The heads 
want a national deal to ensure 
that there is uniformity and 
requirements are met. 

In particular, they want 
teachers to be involved in 
supervising meals at a rate of £8 
an hour and on a ratio of one to 
100 pupils. 

• Universities were disrupted 
yesterday as lecturers and non- 
academic workers staged a joint 
one-day protest strike over pay 
and conditions. The Associ- 
ation of University Teachers 
said pickets were out at all 44 
United Kingdom universities. 
The National Union of 
Students advised members not 
to cross picket lines. 

The Scottish Secondary 
Teachers Association, rep- 
resenting nearly a third of 
teachers, reported an 85 per 
cent response from its 7,500 
members to a one-day strike 

Dear Prime Minister, 

You should be aware that while 
visiting Mr Pattie to discuss 
Airbus business on Wednesday 
the 8th Januaiy, preparatory to 
a meeting in Munich on 
January 9th 2 Sir Raymond 
Lygo, my Chief Executive, had 
an impromptu meeting with Mr 
Leon Brittan in the Department 

of Trade and Industry at 1700 

hrs. The meeting was at the conditions precedent set before 
Secretary of State’s request in we joined the Consortium was 
the presence of Mr Geoffrey being questioned, Le. the 
Pattie, Mr Macdonald and Mr agreement of the National 
Michell all ofhis department as Armanents Directors, that the 
well as his Private Secretary. Department of Defence, 
Sir Raymond returned through the Permanent Under- 
directly to a special Board Secretary should be approached 
Meeting of British Aerospace to learn whether, what we had 
which was in progress and made been given to understand was 
a full report of his conversation correct. At no time was any 
to the Board. He also wrote discussion about the meeting 
down all the salient points that held with ' Mr Michael 
had been made to him. His Headline, 
report state*} that the following You should also be aware 
points were specifically covered that on December 11, I was 
by the Secretary of State: approached by Mr Macdonald 

1. expressed a view that as foe 0 f the Department of Trade 
DTI were our sponsoring andd Industry who expressed 
Department we should have the Department's concern that 
consulted with his Depart- British Aerospace had not 
ment before we entered the consulted the sponsoring 
Consortium Department, the DTT, before 

to enquire whether we had getting involved with the 
fully considered the effect European Consortium. I 
our actions might have on reminded him of the meetings 
our American business and with Sir Basil Blackwell on May 
in particular on the A320 15 and Sir John Cuckney on 
and his concern about the July 15 when British Aerospace 
effect on Anglo-American had stated its interest in 
business that our action ensuring the survival of 
might be having Westlands and that these 

3. his concern at the Consor- conversations had -been 

tium leadership role we reported to Mr Tebbitt, Mr 
appeared to be adopting 4 pattie and Sir Brian Hayes. It 

4. that the decision should be was indicated to me that Mr 
left to the shareholders alone Brittan was very concerned at 

5. that the agreement of" the the developments and I there- 

National Armaments Direc- fore requested a meeting with 
tors had never been l en- him which was held on 
dorsed by Government, and December 13 at which I stated 
that he could prove this by that British Aerospace as a 
showing Sir Raymond the fully privatised company had 
Minutes of the meeting considered the Consortium 
which discussed it proposal on a commercial basis 

6. that what we were doing was and since the DTI had not 
not in the National Interest responded in any way to British 

7. that we should withdraw Aerospace’s expressed interest 

a fi.u , ranem - n , n e the Westland survival, 

Raymond's *555 of £ *■“ 

proceedings is available if you -J* 

would wish to see it At the end commercial interests and these 

. On that point, at leasts senior sources in the 
Department of Trade and Industry are 
agreed. It was . said by oik departmental 
source that it was WOTtonafo tfiaF^^^^ 
Brittan should have called the meeting, ■ 

response to Sir Raymond's " 10. The. meeting' concluded 
comment that the NAD rec- with Sir Raymond 'observing 
ommendation remained on the "that notes hadbeep^aken of the 
table the Secretary of State said. ,J 

that the Government’s decision 
was dear. Unless the European': 
offer had been acceptable- to the ' 

Westland Board, by 13 Decem- 
ber the Government was not 
bound by the NAD recommen- ' 
dation. This was now the "• 
position and had been made 

;>-j ’ 

vv : r 


Solicitor General’s 
letter to - 
Mr Heseftine 

Downing . Street- . .pub lished 
. , _ last night the following letter 

perfectly dear in the Secretary, fimn Sir Patrick Maybew. the- 
of State's statement to the Solicitor General, to. :Mr ' 
«r Michael. HesdtiML- TBe letter « ' 

Secretary dated January 6, and-marked: 

that it might have been bdpfuT _cocifiilenliaI -now declassifi^ 
if British Aerospace had spoken near Mk-WL 1 : - ; • " 
to him initially. -Howver; J sawlovDte liti* 'on 
having not done so u4 Bnbalk. Saturday the text of a letter you 
Aerospace haying taken a. 3^ reported to have sent to Se 
commercial deasion to pama-y reanaging director of ttoyds V. 

££ m „ th<! - Ellr °, pean ■ Merchant BmL la the coiStf 

tium, the Secretary oS State .your answer ^td .the -third 
took no view on that position, question asked by Mr -Horae, 

NnnnthR Mt h« nonM rhr wav ■_ i . ... 

. "• \;- 

Nonetheless he hoped the way concerning-: the indications: ^ 

sides to lower the: temperature 
at this : meeting. Indeed Sir 
Brian Hayes had himself con- 
Mrs Thatcher leaving Downing Street for the Westland gratiilated Sir Raymond oh his 
debate in the Commons (Photograph: Chris Harris! . - ■ success in lowering, the tempera-. 
,, t ... lure at previous meetings. At 

House on Monday in which he U is our hope that we .will - - - • 

in whiefrthe negotiations were - ^ved -fey • W - MajtsayV 
conduc ted wouhL not ;damagg Government from “Europ<£i - 
British Aerospaces . wider governments and companies" 
commeroa 1 mterest especially ** fo the project Chichi "may be 
m the US.POT, exampfe any m fo Westland if thc'Urtited 
chaUrage which graphed Technologies/Fuit proposafcare 
acceptance of foe Sikorsky/Flat ^ ^ you stat£*Th5e are 
proixmti would result in a loss indications available -to HMG- 
of radqxmdent desi^i carar. fiom both: 'the -other govern- . 
btiiw at Westiand nused the ments iand . ^ companies >• 
profile of the discusnons and concerned that a Westiand'Jink 1 
untied an anti-US attitude, with Sikorsky/Fiat ; woidd be - 

vJS - that 5; incompatible with participatiDii 

hoped that discuaaons- with by the company onlSialfof the 
Westland that evening would be ife fo thexolbfaorative batde- 
on a true commeroaTbans. An g^j helicopter and HH90 
attempt would be made by both ' 



fOP" ■ t ' 
pJWv— -■ 


This .. sentence, when read 
with the. rest of the paragraph 
(in which the defence ministers 
of four governments apart from 
the UK are referred to) necess- 
arily implies that ail foe 

nouse on wonoay in wnicn ne 11 « our nope vnai we .wui. the discussion latecthai eveniiiK uuiv ** ^ ■: 

gave his recollection, which -was- now be able to concentrate' on ■ British Xterosrace^wotild - SDWbmeotS And iall " the com- 

shared by the Ministers and the important issues concerning make ^W^ePnnprove- involved m- foe coTlAho- 

officials present, of that meet- 
ing. You were kind enough to 
send me a -copy of Sir 
Raymond's account of the 
proceedings (which I under- 
stand that you are nor prepared 
to have published) and I am 
sending you with this- letter a 
copy of the record of the 
meeting taken by foe Depart- 
ment of Tjrade and -Industry, 
which will be published. 

the future of Westland pic. 

I am publishing this reply to 
your letter. 

Yours sincerely, 

Sir Austin Pearce. 

panics involved at foe collabo- 

ment in the European dfifer. In' Sfc resolve a shortage of " ^ VCn 

engineering capabilfty at British ' 

Aerospace some HXl engineers 7 , 

work per annum could be made - - ra T^v *“8^ and/*® 

Sir Raymond Lygo’s 

..with Mr Britten j 

of his Board Statement, Sir - . . „ . VWUI|/(U1J . uiw uvixtpoujr a U! LUC lUCClUlg U^WCGU 

Raymond asked that he be . ^ derision on its future is a matter Mr Leon Brittan and Sir 

accorded foe protection of foe d /WbuS ^ 

Board since foe matter in which 

he had been nominated as foe ^ ^ 

of foe fecis as mentioned above 

look into account foe US 

. . 'fee following is the text" of a 

Let me emphasise that we are. minute by Mr. John . - Mogg, 
pleased that the Westland, private secretary- to the Sec- 
Board has enjoyed a choice of retary of State for Trade and 
offer. As I have told foe House Industry, to foe private sec- 
of Commons, Westiand is a retaiy of Mr Geoffrey Pattie, 
private sector public limited Minister for Information Tech- 
company and _foe company’s nology, of foe meeting between" 

Airbus of commercial judgment for its 
directors, and ultimately its 

spokesman was becoming per- “raw™™ 

sonalised and hTwas 8 r£ost ^ “ JSSl 3™ 

Shah to exempt NUJ 
from ‘no strike’ promise 

unhappy with foe situation, made to Sir Raymond. We were 
You should be awarc-foat in his 

shareholders. That remains our 

• Finally, let me assure you, as 
I assured Sir John Cuckney in 
puboished letter of 1 

I UU MWIUU u*. Biraicuuu U1 UU L.- _ „J- i „ W-TT k..t my ^uvuuuwu *VUU Vi I RW wurus W1L11 air IVHIflllWIHI. -t n . 

verbal reply to the Secretary of SiSS™? Januar y' whichever of the Your Minister, Mr Macdonald 

Raymond Lygo, chief executive 
of British Aerospace: 

On 8 January foe Secretary of 
State -took the oppommigrof 

Sir Raymond Lygo s meeting . interpreted as being anti-Ameri- 
can in sentiment. 

available to Westlaixd.;Such an 
offer from British Aeroqiace 
would only be made if ^ Westiand 
had foe capability to' undertake 
foe high quality workfinvplyed. 

6. Sir Rayiwmd retunusd to the 
question of anti-American sen- 
timent' British Aerospace Inc. 
(their . US subsidiary)’ had 
expressed great concern about 
their US business being har- 
med. The Secretary of State 
responded by saying that he was 
ready to act immediately in" 
defending. British Aerospitee's 
interest He repeated, however, 
that in his view, it was much . 
"more effective if the current 

with your Minister to have a 

few words with Sir Raymond. 

SrateTsfr kavmondmade" the ^ the shareholders 

WcatoKh should dodde. 

1. that foe Board ^ our position. 

By Barrie Clement, Labour Reporter 

The National Union of deadline, then Mr Shah would | 
Journalists is being exempted negotiate with them directly. 

from Mr Eddy Shah's insistence 
on a legally binding no-strike 
deal for his newspaper to be 
launched in the spring. 

In talks with NUJ leaders 

Mr Shah has signed an I 
outline agree nent with the 
Electrical, Electronic, Telecom- 
munication and Plumbing 
Union providing for a legally 

had con- 
sidered fully the implications of 
the effects on our American 
trade; that we had actually 
suggested that some of foe 
words originally used in foe 
National Armament Directors’ 
Agreement be amended to 

I have no doubt that Sir 
Raymond’s account of the 
events so fresh in his memory 
and recounted to the Board so 
soon after foe event with foe 
assistance of notes made im- 
mediately after that meeting 

two proposals currently under and Mr Mitchell were present ' * ,M OP w as British Aeros- 
consideration foe company 2. The Secretary of Stefe began .P?**.* ln 88 e ®t angle customer, 
chooses to accept, foe Govern- by saying that there had been" ^ e 3150 ^Pbsased that British 
ment would continue to support one aspect of foe Westland issue Acrosi ?f5*' 1 was -. considerably 
Westland's wish to partidpate that had been of particular con ^ nitte d > • to collaborative 

concern to him as the sponsor- 

vesteidayT Mr Shah said, how- binding no-strike pact 

ever, that he was not prepared 
to negotiate an agreement over 
he heads of his editorial staff. 
He told Mr Harry Conroy, NUJ 

Executives at Mr Shah’s new 
paper said yesterday that a 
binding arbitration deal with 
the NUJ was desirable but the 

scnerai-secreiary. that journal- d °or was left open for a more 
isis on foe paper would decide traditional agreement. 

what kind of agreement they 
wanted and what the NUJ 
involvement would be. 

There would be a three- 
month deadline for foe present- 
ation of a house agreement for 
editorial staff If journalists on 
the paper voted for the involve- 
ment of NUJ officials before the 

Mr Jeremy Deedes, managing 
editor, said that only about 20 j 
per cent of editorial staff had so 
tar taken up their appoint- 
ments. “It is logical, if progress- 
ive, that staff should have a say 
about the conditions under 
which they will be expected to 

Councils ‘must 
set rate before 
funds run out’ 

Local councils are under a 
legal duty to raise enough from 
rates to avoid running out of 
money, a judge said in foe High 
Court yesterday. 

Lord Justice Glide well was 
commenting during the second 
day of an appeal by 32 Labour 
councillors from Lambeth, 
south London, against sur- 
charges totalling £126,947. 

The councillors, who make 
up the ruling Labour group and 
include the council leader, Mr 
Ted Knight, face possible 
bankruptcy and disqualification 

Mr Lionel Read, QC, for the 
councillors, told the court that 
the council had “a discretion" 
to delay setting a rate. But Lord 
Justice Glidewell remarked: 
“You have got to make foe rate 
in sufficient time to ensure that 
the fends come in before the 
exis tin g funds run out.” 

Conservation to 
have place in 
fanning policy 

avoid implying that foe action was subst an t iall y correct, and 
was protectionist borne out by much other 

2. that Sir Raymond had gone information that is coming to 

out of his way at the Consor- htfn- So fer we have refused to 
tium’s Press Conference to mate any public comment 
make a lengthy statement to one . T“* . meeting took place 
of the American correspondents mi mediately following a dis- 
there to the effect that he cussion Sir Raymond was 
wished that the debate would giving with Mr Pattie on Airbus 
not be trivialised to foe extent Industrie's proposals for a new 
of portraying the European programme. The connection is 
Consortium as being anti- Pitying to say foe least 
American because it was not in Whatever foe words used were 
the interests of foe United mcan LJSJ5 nve ?’ the T mcssa ^ 
States to have a weak defence ^ perfectly clear. I would 
industry in Europe - quite the therefore ask you to take this 
reverse, and to be pro-European “to account m any 

did not mean that one had to be fofther exchanges that might 
anti-American. In &cl the P bcc - , or any further 
reverse was true statements that might be made 

3. that- in his own case he was by tire ^Government, in order to 
married to an American, had avmd further embarrassment 
spent many happy years in the . Heas F , _ ? ssured . . 1 ** 
United States^nct served in the have acutely no feaireto 
United States Navy which he 

suspects was a greater involve- that you have become evolved 

ment in foe United States than ^ ouid **» a 

purely commercial discussion 

in European collaborative pro- 
jects and would resist to the best 
of its ability attempts by others 
to discriminate against Wes- 

Thank you for agreeing that 
your letter can be punished 
since it has become a public 
issue. I am jrablishing this reply. 
Yours Sincerely, Margaret 

December 5 from Rome and the 
record of your meeting with the 
West German Defence Minister 
in- ’ November." which were 
available to me when I gave 
advice bn December 34 to the 
Prime Miniver ' on foe. text qf 
her reply to 'SirJohn Cuckney* 
do not seem to me to support a 
statement that alL foe govern- 
ments and all the companies 
have indicated that a Westland 
link with Sikorsky/Hat would-, 
be incompatible with partiri-. 
pation by that company in foe 
project. The documents ( -have 
seen contain evidence that foe. 
Nertherlands defence secretary,-, 
foe German Defence minister 
and foe chairman of Agusta 
have commented- to . the. know- 
ledge of HMG in various ways 
on adverse consequences Which 
may flow from a decision to 
accept, foe Sikorsky offer, fin 
addition to Agusta, foe dam- . 
ments disclose that Aerospatiale 
and MBB are additionally 
involved in the projects). 

.V . . 






Second letter from 
Sir Austin 
to Mrs Thatcher 

Sir Austin replied to foe Prime 
Minister in a second letter 
yesterday afternoon. 

Dear Prime Minister. 

Thank you for your letter of 
January IS and for sending me 
a copy of foe record made by 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry of foe meeting held 
with Sir Raymond Lygo on 
January 8. 

It is evident that there are 
two different recollections of. 
what was said at the meetings. 

ing Minister. This concerned 11 » foreseeable that 1 your 

foe impact on potential sales to letter will "be relied upon by foe 

foe US of foe A320. The k”* "Westland tioanLand i£ share- 

Secretary of State- -said - that ,^2 uld J iav * holders. Consistently wife the ; : 

whilst foe Government’s pos- ' advice I gave to - foe Prime .'. : 

ition was that it was a matter for fr®*f *r l '^? pcai l collaborators^ if. Minuter on December 31, the 
the company to 'decide what no ^. <«foe so. - Sir Government ■ in such dccum- ' 

course foe follow, he himself stances is under-tf doty 7 not to 

had no view on the merits of the a ° d bopea that he was , give information which is 

two offers. However, the nature ■ m a na g i ng forsdelfc- incomplete or inaccurate in any - 

of foe campaigning and fee balancing acL : . material particular. . • - 

- - '■ 8. .The Secretary of State.. On fee basis of the in&r- 

commenied that Customers matiOn contained in. ‘the docu- 
couW not dictate foe extent of ments to which I have referred, 
the enthusiasm with -which any 
particular, case- might be put. 

British Aerospace' bad relations 
with this Departmeta also, Sir 
Raymond took this Qpint 

Secretary ofState’s efforts in foe-. The Secretary of 'State said 
difficult and complex nego- that it was not m foe national 
tiations with the United States interest that the present xmcer- 
Trade Representative concern.- lainty involving -Westland 
ing semi-finished steel products, should- drag on. Sir Raymond 

3 - Sir Ra ymond understood the said that he had heaid the same ^ 

Secretary of State's concern, message - elsewhere but ques- - Secretary of State ftir Foreign 
Bniifo Aerospace's, interest was tioned what was foe hatifmal and Commonwealth Affeirs, 
to - entire that Westland re- interest. Shareholders needed to Secretaiy of State fijr Trade and 

^ mfennatiorr-on ■ winch Industfy. and fo^ Chief ^Sec- 
matenai trom his company. In to base their decisionsr retary of fo^ T re asury ; ',;y 

.V*. J- ; 

'2T-- ' 


overtones of ^nti-American 
sentiment were, in the Secretary 
of Stale’s view, particularly 
Hamwgiwg and potentially OOUld 
fuel protectionist sentiment in 
the US. Had such views been 
expressed earlier they would 
undoubtedly have hindered -the 

which I emphasise are^ET thitf I 
have seen, foe sentence in your 
letter to Mr Home- does in.nry 
opinion contain, material inac- 
curacies in the respects Lhaye .’ 
mentioned, .andv .J . therefore .. 
must advise- that" you' should;, 
write toj. Mr. Home 

correcting the inaccuracies. - 
I am copying, this letter tb foe ' 
Prime Minister "and ■ to . . the 

. By John Young anybody present at that meet- <U SCUS51on rri Tl/rT^Th J j T i ■■ . 

Tory MEPs pressed to back down on Europe option 

. , - .* a i. t-* — imnortant ina i vnu nhnuln ■ - ■-* -- — ■ . ■ 

tabled a new clause in its American, in ms view. 

a new clause in its 
Agriculture Bill which would 



important that 
understand the 

ngiiviuuuc oui mucu would 1 

require ministers of agriculture I 4 - fe* 1 he found the reference to 

Vwiln Cm!,,. ! .1 I flip Vafiniial Tntvfwct mnAwins Thl5 letter IS adC 

you should 
position of 

By Richard Owen 
Under pressure from 
Government a number 

supported the resolution 

Tuesday, by yweiduy tta£ ^ If Weabnd- aocepte the 

were reports of growing unease ~ 

conservation and recreation 
when determining future poli- 

Mr John Gummer, Minister 
ofState at the ministry, told the 
annual meeting of the Devon 
branch of foe National Farmers' 
Union that the Government's 
continuing concern to protect 
and enhance foe countryside 
would no longer be a matter for j 
ministerial choice. 

The announcement has as-j 
to nished s n d delighted feel 
conservation lobby. 

State feat what British Aeros- 
pace were doing was in foe 
National Interest 
5. that our European partners 
had a natural expectation that 
British Aerospace, the most 
experienced, should lead their 

tv™ Axmv „ , Sikorsky^Kat. rescue- package it 

lory Men are also. appar-"'wifi be well placed- to -compete- 
by a paragraph fer-ordera fia-abbut 7® Bteck 
. receut intervention .Hawk helicopters, according to' 
Narjes, the Sikorsky estimates (Rodney 

.WjTVttfc rl , - 

Prime Minister’s 
reply to 
Sir Austin 

second thoughts as "i^- and ma^et foe Black Hawk’ ; ^ 

*S5Z£3S£. -.SSK&' r? C 1 

British Labour. MEPs' said The mtninfim Wesriasd dciniiu'nue' 4' 

Consortium in the attempt to Mrs Thatcher replied: 
persuade foe shareholders of IS January 198fi 

Westlands that their proposals Dear Sir Austin, 
were genuine and better Thank you for your letter of 

6. feat British Aerospace and 13 January about fee meeting at 
foe Consortium were very the Department of Trade and 
content to let the shareholders Industry cm 8 January, 
decide, so long as they were You will have read Leon 
given fee facts Brittan’s statement in fee 

^“oSSon’ris wds SkdS*2 


Conservative participation in 
the resolution is understood to 
have caused embarrassment 

3a-.“K SLTSSS SSs 
sTgasrsss^s ssatssa 1 

Labour J^EPs' said , Hit resolution as * ' stands - ' ;Wertfoad dd»M^ pi»r; 

Communist groups- will 

votedon today. " . ^ fg&to.ea 

rutcuuuiy*}.. draw Socialist support and — a 

But although a majority of 
the 45 Comcrvatrve MEPs 

acc use foe Tories of reneging on- fee 

an speed formula because of wil as an American ^ 

The Tintes oveneai srifoigpDpes 

i 'j;-, V 

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Leader of Antarctic trek 
tells of pride when 
ag was raised at Pole 

The co-leader 

'young Britons who trekked 883 
nmcs to the South Pole in the 
-footsteps of Captain Scott’s ill- 
tated journey, only to be greeted 
wtn the news that their support 
ship had been sunk, told 
yesterday of his pride and 
emotions at their achievement. 

Mr Robert Swan, aged 28. 
sajo he cried “tears of joy" 
wh en he and his fellow ex- 
plorers raised the Union Jack 
nag at the Pole. 

Mr Swan, from Durham, and 

By Gregory Neale and Ken Coates 

of the three arnved at the end of their trek. National Science Foundation, 
When Scott arrived at the together with, some government 
Pole he found the black flag of spokesmen in Australia and 
Amundsen (the Norwegian New Zealand have said that 
explorer who beat Scott by a private expeditions should not 
month in the race to the Pole), venture to the dangerous ice- 
We arrived and within minutes packs of the Antarctic. Mr Swan 
heard of the loss of our ship, if said the expedition had been 
that coincidence was not fete, I well prepared, but had encoun- 
do not know what it was", he tered bad luck, 
told The Times in his first “Ships all around the Antaro- 
telephone m ess ag e to the tic sink regularly because of the 
expedition's headquarters in 
London early yesterday. 

When the three men got to 

ice. Ours was just another one" 
he said. 

mu, n r w- LT,:i~~n * T.” . ” “ w f* ““w iucu gut 10 Speaking about the journey 

Rnocr rcjkagues. Mr the Pole, they raised the flag, to the Pole, Mr Swan said the 

a £ e ^ 35. from "There were tears in my eyes . men had conserved rations of 

“T - * uat wsig Kars u my eyes 

SStchiScta "E5L ta £!9L? Mr Swan said yesterday. food and fuel 



nj — r , — ’ — — ■ — j * ■“v*- buw - tvM Against 

_*; cw ^ spent seven years possibility of disaster. “I have 

nerny^ ^L ^ 1 * 1 P re P enn 8 for the expedition so I lost 251b in the past two 

were flown l»ck from the was filled with high spirits and months", he said. 

HSrcSSf PPM excitement when we arrived at Swan said the real leader on 
mSJtSL. lhe US lhe PoIe on Saturday. When we the icy continent was fellow 
ThJ^r p V 38 ^ n V 1 ? e ' xx ?' en5 101(1 ^ 1 A 5 " ship had sunk polar walker Mear. Using little 
qJSu n was . obv i ol Sfy a disappoint- more than the same equipment 

uareth Wc^ aged 33, who was ment, but the fact that everyone Scott and ShacWeton used (a 
bora uv Edinburgh, but who was rescued cheered us." small silver compass that could 

S , tL C f 1 ^t^ aS J laye 3 crew °. f die Southern be bought for about £8 and a 

t-,' dm the Antarctic He and Quest were lilted from the wheel to measure distance) 
r^°?.V? er vol ) m H* rs ^ om ^ iceflow surrounding the stricken Mear led the three polar 
and^Mr°St^wn J™- b y Ul “ted States helicoptcres trekkers unerringly across the 

and Mr Steven Brom, will be and taken to the United States rough ice shelf which is the size 
packmg up the camp, equip- base at McMurdo Sound, where 
meat and supplies which the they were later reunited with the 
expedition had intended to popular walkers and their two 
bring back in their support ship, base camp colleagues. Dr 
theSouthem Quest Michael Stour and Mr John 

the expedition had always Tolson. 
intended to leave the area as we Mr Swan said that the 
found it”, Mr Swan said. “We expedition would foot the bill 
hope that by leaving a small for the rescue, estimated at 
> team there to pack up carefully, £500,000 if the Americans 
we will ensure wc make a safe asked. But he denied criticisms 

of Prance, up the hazardous 
Beardmore glacier and across 
the polar plateau to the Pole. 

They covered from 11 to 18 
miles daily and on their best 
day covered 20 miles. 

On four days they sheltered 
all day inside their tent and 
blizzards cut short their treks on 
several other' days. They got 

arid dignifi edwi th dra wal from that the expedition had been in into their sleeping ha g * , drank 

the Antarctic. 

Mr Swan said that the 
walkers were told of the sinking 
of the Southern Quest's by 
scientists at the small United 
States research station at the 
Pole two minutes after they 

any way ill-prepared for the 

“We were not ‘enthusiastic 
amateurs' at alL Everyone was 
very professional, all the way", 
he said. 

Officials for the United States 

hot chocolate and told, each 
other yarns. “It was the fault of 
all those school children at 
home and the people old and 
young -who supported us and 
believed we would get there that 
kept' me going", said Swan. 

Mr Robert Swann, co-leader of 
the “In the Footsteps of Scott” 
Antarctic expedition, holding a 
Polar Medal yesterday at the 
foot of a statue of Robert 
Falcon Scott, in Christchurch, 
New Z ealand. With him is 
another member of the team, 
■Mr Soger Mear. The medal, 
was presented to a member of 
the original . Scott expedition. 
Above, the expedition's support 

ship, Southern Quest; shown In 

a photograph taken from 
Australian television, as it sank 
last Saturday, its hnll crushed 
by heavy pack ice. Most of foe 
party were flown back to New 
Zealand yesterday in an Ameri- 
can Hercules aircraft of the 
ILS. polar research pro- 


Prince ‘had 

A Saudi Arabian prince 
helped to bring cocaine into 
Britain claiming that people 
who wanted drugs should be 
allowed to have them, a Crown 
Court jury at Knightsbridge was 
told yesterday. 

Prince Mashour Bin Saud 
Aziz, the twenty-fourth son of 
the late King Saud, told police: 

"Okay, so I use 
coke, 1 may have a problem. 1 
use it a lot. 

The prince, aged 31, of 
Chcvai Place, South Kensing- 
ton. London, is accused with 
seven co-defendants. 

The prince denies throe 
charges of conspiring to import 
and supply cocaine and pos- 
session of the drug with intent 
to supply. He pleaded guilty to a 
fourth charge of possessing 

Mr Worsley said one of the 
other defendants, Nazima 
M ah am mad told police she 
once smuggled cocaine into 
Britain inside her body. JShe had 
pleaded guilty to possessing 

She told police that Gary 
Savory, one of the other 
defendants, with whom she 
lived for a lime at Ryder 
Terrace, north west London, 
and who she once intended to 
marry, made her cany two bags 
of cocaine in her body 

As she signed the police 
interview, Mr Worsley said, she 
broke down in tears crying: 
“He’ll kill me. he will, 1 know 
he will." Mr Savory, aged 33, 
also of Ryders Tarrace, has 
denied five charges of conspir- 
ing to import and supply 
cocaine, cannabis and ampheta- 

TDr onwr dvfoKUutti vk TIM Kane, 
aged a Of EddUloM Hi 

Dlno Sadler, aged 24. oddra not aivrn. 
who denied conspiring to import and supply 
cocaine, ntnnabts and ampnetantiiux 
Andrew Jamieson, aged sn. or cimert 
Piece- HOHjorn. central London, who 

_ — Norman, sped si. _ 

Fordwycfi Hoad, north west London, who 
Pleaded net guitr to supplying cannabis, 
ana wuuani Tudor Evnns. aged 32. of 
Chesterton Walk, west London, who 
pleaded not gouty to lumpU tu g to supply 
cocaine and p o sM M tt ig cocatn* hydrochlo- 

The trial resumes today. 

Colonel ‘target of bomb dossier’ 

A dossier of a plot to blow up 
a retired SAS colonel, allegedly 
prepared by a woman consul- 
tant psychiatrist and two men, 
was outlined in court yesterday. 

Mr Rhys Davies, QC for the 
prosecution, told Manchester 
Crown Court, that the target 
was Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Baly who “retired from the 
British Army after a long and 
distinguished career which in- 
cluded service in Northern 

But, Mr Davies said: it was a 
career which had not gone 
without dose documentation. 
Reference books and news- 
papers had been used to 
formulate a detailed back- 
ground on the officer. Colonel 
Baty's home address in King’s 
Pyon, Herefordshire, had been 
gleaned from a notice in the 
Daily Telegraph announcing the 
engagement ofhis daughter. 

Dr Maire O’Shea, aged 66, of 
Solihull Road, Sparidbill, Bir- 
mingham, Mr Patrick Brazil, 
aged 34, an able seaman, and 

Mr William Grimes, aged 43 
unemployed, both of Dublin, 
deny maliciously conspiring to 
cause an explosion of a nature 
likely to endanger life, or cause 
serious injury to property. 

Dr O'Shea also denied that 
she failed to provide infor- 
mation about acts of terrorism, 
a charge broght under the 
Prevention of Terrorism Act. 
Mr Grimes denied possessing 
2.45 kilogrammes of gelignite. 

Another man, Mr Peter 
Jordan, aged 61, a retired 
teacher of St Peter's Rose, 
Headley Walk, Bristol, has 
pleaded guilty to the conspiracy 
charge and will be sentenced at 
the end of the trial. 

Mr Davies said that the three 
men were arrested outside the 
Fanners' Arms public house in 
Liverpool on Christmas Eve 
1 984. One had in his possession 
the explosives, a detonator and 
an electronic circuit, which were 
wrapped in Christmas paper. 

Mr Davies said that the man 

conspired with Dr O'Shea and 
another man called Daniel 
Ryan, who lived in Dublin and 
with others. 

He said that in the summer of 
1984 Mr Jordan had visited the 
village where Colonel Baty lived 
on a “reconnaissance trip”. 
Ryan, who was given accommo- 
dation in Birmingham by Dr 
O'Shea, also visited Hereford- 
shire in her company. In all, 
three reconaissance trips were 
made, Mr Davies said. 

He described Ryan as the 
mastermind of the operation, 
Jordan as the intelligence officer 
and Grimes as field officer. . 

The Birmingham location of 
Dr O’Shea was “a very necess- 
ary central point in the oper- 
ation which moved between 
Dublin, Liverpool, Bristol and 
into Herefordshire”. 

Mr Brazil had played a small 
but important part by bringing 
over the expletives on foe 
Dublin to Liverpool ferry, Mr 
Davies said. 

The trial continues today. 

Jail for 

l wo men from whom “no 
teenage boy was sexually safe" 
were jailed at the Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

Malcolm Raywood, aged 53, 
was sentenced to three yearn 
and Andrew Prichodsky, aged 
39, lo three-and-a-half years. 

Raywood, an antiques dealer, 
of Chelsea Gardens, Chelsea, 
west London, and Prichodsky, 
mini-cab controller, of Ash 
Court, Paddington, west Lon- 
don. pleaded guilty to conspir- 
ing to procure youths to commit 
acts of gross indecency between 
January and November last 

The court was told that the 
two man went to Piccadilly 
Circus and other stations 
nightly hoping to lure homeless 

The police had launched 
“Operation Circus" to crack 
down on such activities. 

Patients urged to take 
care of their GPs 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

A visit to the surgery can end 
with foe doctor feeling much 
better because of the patient's 
bedside manner. 

Growing numbers of GPs are 
affected by “burnout" in which 
they start hating their jobs and 
their patients and may become 
alcoholics or suicidal, Mr 
Roy Bailey, principal clinical 
psychologist at Manor House 
hospital, Aylesbury, Bucking- 
hamshire. said yesterday. 

Patients should try to take 
more care of their doctors by 
being sympathetic, taking more 
responsibility for their own 
health, and expressing more 
gratitude for the doctor’s time 
and treatment, he said. 

Mr Baxley, who runs stress 
clinics for doctors, has drawn 
attention to the well being of 
GPs in a new magazine. The 
Best of Health, published today. 

In an article entitled “What’s 
Up. Doc?” he has written: 

“Doctors often become casual- 
ties of their own caring.” 

“Stress, and particularly pro- 
fessional burnout, can occur, a 
process where a previously 
committed and energetic doc- 
tor becomes progressively 

Psychiatric problems, drug 
dependency, alcohol abuse, 
family discord, divorce and 
suicide are “not infrequent" 
among doctors, according to Mr 

Patients can help by looking 
out for signs of stress such as 
the doctor being abrupt and 
dismissive of a described 
illness, cancelling appointments 
and not appearing to listen 
during consultations. 

“Doctors are often unable to 
heal themselves because they 
are doctors," Mr Bailey said 
yesterday. “Patients and doctors 
could develop a mutual 

Computer car map breakthrough 







By Clifford Webb 
A British company has 
developed an electronic car 
navigation system which it 
claims is accurate enough to 
guide a driver to any desti- 
nation in any city in foe world 
without foe need to consult a 
map or ask the way. 

The system con Id also have 
wide applications for counter- 
terrorist work and for use in 
military vehicles and aircraft. 

Motor manufacturers have 
been searching for years for a 
cheap system capable of find- 
ing its way through complex 
street patterns. Numernns att- 

£7 l 





empts have proved too costly or 
too inaccurate. 

Plessey claims to have solved 
both problems with a cigar box- 
sized unit called Pace (Plessey 
Adaptive Compass Equip- 
ment), which costs only £500 
compared with £18,000 for a 
professional gyro compass. 

All foe driver needs to know 
is the grid reference of the 
starting point and destination. 
These are entered into a 
miniature computer an| ^ a small 
display unit on foe dashboard 
then delivers instructions such 
as, “Turn left at next junction”, 
“Take foe A33 at next 
roundabout", or “Road forks - 
bear right". 

The navigation system wfil 
be seen in public for the first 
time in London next month. 

In-car navigation system with electronic reading on the 
dashboard indicating a left turn in 100yds. 

Plessey scientists have taken 
seven years to develop software 
which instantly corrects the 
frequent false readings which 
affect normal compasses. Driv- 
ing up a hill, for instance, 
creates distortion because the 
angle of approach to the 
Earth's magnetic field changes- 
A large metallic object such as 
a bus or truck will cause similar 

Plessey rfflims an inbuilt 
■ ■ Qcy of only I per cent of 

distance travelled. To foil car 
thieves, the Pace system can be 
linked to a radio transmitter 
which will broadcast its lo- 
cation anywhere in foe world. _ 
Bullion carriers and security 
companies will be able to track 

their vehicles on a VDU map. 
Vehicles vulnerable to terrorist 
attacks could be similarly 

Installed in combat aircraft, 
its instant response to direction 
changes could give pilots a vital 
time advantage. In a dog fight, 
a pilot has to wait a few 
seconds after vigotxrons mano- 
veures for the compass to 
adjust before a missile can be 
fired with accuracy. 

Ground-to-air missile laun- 
chers, which now have to be 
sited manually on a bearing 
transmitted by a radar station, 
would be able to fire immedi- 
ately the correct bearing is 

Battlefield commanders 

could also keep a continuous 
watch on the location of tanks 
and gun batteries. A map of 
Britain has been digitalized and 
can be incorporated into the 
system’s software. 

Plessey claims that Pace can 
direct a motorist to a street In 
Boston or Baghdad, just as 
easily as Bournemouth. It takes 
only 26 minutes to digitalize a 
standard ordnance survey map. 
Mr Len Robinson, business 
and marketing executive of 
Plessey Radio Systems, said 
last night: “We are investing 
considerable resources in the 
marketing and further develop- 
ment of thfct equipment for a 
very wide range of applications. 
It puts Britain ahead of the rest 
of the world 

• An aO new range of 
Russian Lada, cars developed 
with the assistance of Porsche, 
West Germany, made its world 
debut at foe Brussels Motor 
Show yesterday. 

A front-wbeel-drive hat- 
chback, with 1.3 or 1.5 litre 
engines, the Escort sized 
newcomer is being called foe 
Samara in Belgium but no 
decision has yet been taken on 
its name in Britain. 

Left-hand-drive versions go 
on sale on foe Continent in two 
months but right-hand-drive 
models are not expected to 
reach Britain before the 

Solicitors in 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Anyone in need of Instant 
legal aid will be able to “dial-a- 
lawyer" under Britain's first 
telephone legal advice service 
announced yesterday. 

- With qualified solicitors on 
duty, calls to Lawline can be 
made for a weekly charge of £3 
or a flat rate of £10 a day one- 
off calL paid for by credit card. 

It is the idea of Mr Richard 
Baruch, whose firm is 
in Woodford Green, north 
London. He said: “This scheme 
will make the legal professon 
more accessible to the con- 
sumer. The public are often 
afraid of involving solicitors 
because they see foe law as an 
expensive and time-consuming 

“Lawline will enable them to 
decide quickly their best coarse 
of action; and whether it 
Involves continued legal in- 

With a continuing rise in 
home purchases, divorce, re- 
dundancy, motoring and con- 
sumer activity generally, people 
must have “more efficient 
access to die law in dvil 
matters, he said. 

The 60 telephone lines will 
open from next Monday oq 01- 
500 1999. For £150 a year (less 
than £3 a week), individuals 
ran make as many calls to 
Lawline as they wish and 
receive advice from a qualified 
solicitor. Companies can also 
subscribe, with a business 
employing 10 people charged 
an annual fee of £750 for all 
employees to have access to 

Mr Baruch has invested 
£150,000 in the scheme, which 
has been drawn up to conform 
with Law Society guidelines 
and has foe society’s approvaL 
Calls can be made from 8am 
until midnight and the service 
will be extended to 24 hours if 
there is sufficient demand. 

Train victim 
was knifed 
in groin 

A train murder victim para- 
lysed from a neck wound was 
still alive when she was also 
stabbed in the groin, a jury was 
told yesterday. 

Dr Peter Andrews, a consult- 
ant pathologist, told Birming- 
ham Crown Court that Mrs 
Janet Maddocks. aged 35, a 
social worker, had been stabbed 
with “a very violent force" in 
the throat, severing her jugular 
vein and spinal cord. 

He said paralysis below foe 
neck would have been instan- 
taneous, making it impossible 
for her to offer any further 
resistance. He agreed she would 
have been “like a rag doll". 

She was then stabbed at least 
twice in her groin, 

Mrs Maddocks, of Kings 
Heath, Birmingham, died from 
shock and a massive loss of 
blood. Her body was found 
dumped on the railway line 
three miles north of Northamp- 
ton station. 

Jack Roy, aged 16, of 
Shoiebridge Street, Glasgow, 
has pleaded not guilty to 
murdering Mrs Maddocks on 
the 21.02 pm Euston to 
Birmingham train on March 20 
last year. 

The trial continues today. 

Trawler owners in 
salvage dispute 

By Ronald Faux 

The salvage dispute between 
Scottish fishermen and the 
owners of a French trawler 
which went aground on Barra in 
the Western Isles is to go to 

Mr James Macleod, skipper 
of the trawler. Polar Fisk, said 
after a meeting yesterday that 
he had not reached agreement 
with the owners of the Magda- 
leine which went aground on 
rocks in heavy seas after her 
skipper was lost overboard. Mr 
Macleod' said his boat pulled 
the Magdaleine off the rocks 
and towed her to Cast! ebay, 
Barra, and then towed another 

Frencb trawler, the Tourmalet, 
clear of danger. 

Mr Macleod rejected claims 
from French sources that he was 
seeking £900,000 salvage com- 
pensation. “That is nonsense," 
he said. He claim was for 
£45,000, which was 5 per cent of 
the value of the vessel. He said 
his vessel, the Polar Fisk, 
sustained some £20,000 damage 
in the salvage operation. 

“We have to see what 
damage has been done to the 
two French boats before we 
reach a final settlement But if it 
had hot been for us there would 
have been nothing to settle; just 
two boats sunk,” he said. 

Fraud card man sentenced 

The ia$t member of the gang 
which impersonated the rich 
and famqps to operate a credit a 
card telephone fraud was 
sentenced, at Southwark Crown 
Court yesterday. 

Christopher Morris, aged 27, 
of Duoningford Close, Elm 
Park, Hornchurch, London 
admitted obtaining goods by 
deception, between May and 
November 1984. He was jailed 
for six months suspended for 18 
months for his part in foe fraud 
which netted goods worth 

Earlier the court was told that 

the gang stole carbons, which 
contained the credit card 
number and the holder's name 
and address, from credit «ard 
transactions. They then phoned 
stores impersonating the card 
holder and ordered goods • 

Mr Christopher Mitchell^ for 
the prosecution, said that the 
fraud widespread in America 
but used for the first time in 
Britain, was practically undetec- 
table. He added: “The gang 
picked on titled names because 
they knew their credit limits 
would be high.” 

Youth in 
court on 
girl murder 

An unemployed youth char- 
ged with foe murder or Tessa 
Howden * was remanded in 
police custody for threedays in 
a brief appearance at Croydon 
igistrates’ Court, yesterday. 
Garry Taken, aged 19, of 
Heather Way, Selsdoxy south 
London, stood with ms head 
bowed, flanked by two police 
officers for the formal five- 
minute hearing. . 

He spoke only twice, replying 
“yes" when asked to acknowl- 
edge his name, and when his 
address was read to him in foe 
packed courtroom- 

Taken is charged with foe 
murder of Miss Howden, aged 
19, a newspaper promotions 
ill, at her home in Foxearth 
Jpur, Selsdon, on January 10. 
Her father, Mr David Howden, 
a gpd 47, a garage proprietor, 
found her body. 

Dr Michael Lane, chairman 
of the bench, said after a brief 
adjournment that Taken would 
be remanded in police custody 
until Saturday. Reporting re- 
strictions were not lifted. 

The accused was dressed in a 
black bomber jacket, a grey 
patterned jumper and a white 
shir t Fifteen minutes after the 
hearing a police van drove away 
with Taken under a blanket in 
the back. On one side a group of 
young men peered inside, on 
the other side a woman shouted 

An inquest into Miss How- 
den’s death was opened and 
adjourned at Croydon yester- 

Dr Rufus Crompton, a 
consultant pathologist, gave the 
cause of death as strangulation. 
The hearing was adjourned to a 
date to be fixed. 

Bamber hearing 

The hearing to decide whether 
Mr Jeremy Bamber, aged 24, 
who is accused of the Bambi 
farmhouse murders, should be 
committed for trial at the 
Central Criminal Court will 
begin on February 10 at 
Southminster, Essex, before a 
stipendary magistrate. Yester- 
day Mr Bamber, of-Goldhanger, 
Essex, was remanded in custody 
by Maldon magistrates, Essex. 

Rupert man dies 

Alfred BestalL aged 93, for 30 
years the illustrator of the 
Rupert Bear stories in the Daily 
Express and in the Rupert 
annuals, died in his sleep in a 
nursing home at Porthmadog, 
Gwynedd, yesterday after a 
minor operation several weeks 

Obituary, page 16 

6th crash death 

Mrs Christine Sharp, aged 32, 
of Hall Green, Birmingham, 
died yesterday. 11 days after a 
car crash near Tiverton, Devon, 
in which her four daughters and 
their grandmother were killed. 

Ear cut off 

Police on Merseyside were 
yesterday hunting several white 
youths who cut off the left ear of 
Anthony Tierney, aged 16, of 
Selwyn Street, Kirkdale, on 
Tuesday night. 

Heavy metal 

A tractor went out of control 
yesterday and crashed into the 
listed mansion home of Keith 
Emerson, the rock musician, at 
Horam, East Sussex, causing 
£250,000 of damage. 

firms lure 
scarce staff 

By Barrie Clement 
Labour Reporter 
Companies in the south-east 
of England are resorting to a 
range of “perks” and bonuses in 
an attempt to lure scarce 
computer staff according to the 
research group Incomes Data 

New grading structures, 
market-related” salary bands 
and pay increases based on 
performance are some of foe 
methods being used _ by 
employers to attract qualified 
staff foe group says in its study 
of computer staff pay published 

Management is also increas- 
ing the frequency of salary 
reviews and promotion of key 
personnel. The normal service 
qualifications for benefits 
such as subsidized mortgages 
are being waived, “scarcity 
allowances" are paid and 
company cars are being 
provided for foe first time. 

Some of the organizations 
introducing new measures are 
the chemical company May & 
Baker (Dagenham), Thomas 
Cook, Civil Aviation Authority, 
Lambeth Borough Council, 
Westminster City Council, 
and the North West Thames 
Regional Health Authority. 

Policeman sent 
for trial 

Police Sergeant, Paul Woods, 
aged 38, of Winchester Road, 
Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, 
appeared before Winchester 
magistrates yesterday accused 
of giving false information to a 
woman police officer with the 
intention of making her believe 
there was a bomb at Eastleigh 
railway station on July 3 last 

Unconditional bail was ex- 
tended for Sergeant Woods. 


Europe’s most: . 
luxurious time-ownership 

Craigendanoch is well worth a 
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Hidden in the Hollands and 
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sumptuous yi yJM t imfviaHiTri af the 
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Your visit wifl cost you very 
little. (More of which brer.) 


You see. the whole object of 
your visic is to show you around the 
development and to explain the 
benefits of rime-ownership, and 
bow you can enjoy i nf b rinn -frec 
holidays forever. 

k's as well to remember thac all 
our lodges are sold freehold -and 
you can exchange your week(s) with 
any in over 1,000 d i fe wi r InraHww 
around the worid. 

Craigendhmxh is hadeed to die 
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However you wish to travd up 
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For details of your Privilege 
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Please send me details ofyour low-cost Privilege Inspection Plan 
and a free o dour brochure. 




CragmdarnxhTanc-Owncrstnp, Braemar Rrud, BaHaicr, 
Royal Decade, AB35XAJ 

j i 







MPs c 


m — disclosures in the House and the We remained (she said) m dose predic te d to be £100 minion. They 
li/ecTI AMn country? Mr Headline said there contact with the firm iudf in the were £98 minion. 

V¥t -° 1 LHWW was even-handed policy for public latter part of 1984 and m early 1985. : The issues before ns were whether 

1 display and a private policy ot WesttandTs difficulties were the to agree lo write off lire brooch aid 

To loud Conservative cheers. Mrs favouritism for use. subject of d isc ussion ar ministerial of nearly £40 million for the W30 

Thatcher, the Prime Minister, told a That was a grave allegation and and official level between' the DTI project if h was. subsequently 

■ The issues before us were whether 

fbatcher, the Prime Mimsier, lold a 

packed House of Commons dial the could be so easily disproved if false and the Mod. 



.*<**:'_ '*• 

Government had conducted itself or even if it were inaccurate that it Careful consideration was given 

properly and responsibly through- would be supreme folly for Mr to whal action might be open to the successful financial reconstruction 

nui the whole of the Westland 
helicopter affair and there was no 
need for an inquiry . There had been 
suggestions that the Government 
did noi discuss mailers in sufficient 

Heseltme lo make such charges if Government to help Westland, in which would allow the company to 

they could not be substantiated. particular if foe services' helicopter continue m business. * 
what the House had were the requirements could be met Jjy Secondly, how to respond 
words of two MPs. A conclusion purchase of the Westland W30. recommendation of the m 
could only be reached by the calling Government con- armaments directors. • 

what the House had were the requirements could be met by 
words of two MPs. A conclusion purchase of the Westland W30. 

detail or in a iimdy way bui such an of wiutessess. not all of whom were eluded that we could not justify ai th e end of the second meeting 

allegation, she declared, was absurd. MPs. The committee we seek (he giving Westland orders tor 
She explained that the Govern- said! and the committee that could i*rs for which our armed fot 
mem's approach throughmn had be convened and which would be of °° operational requirement, 
been guided by a number of such utility to all involved would B was judged that there 

gjvww Westland orders for fadicop- on December 6 it was dear that a 
ters for which our armed forces had majority of ministers present were 

been guided by a number of 
important considerations The 
Government concluded that no 

not just be considering the veracity defence interest which .called for a dation from die national armaments 

project if it was. subsequently took toward the WestlaraTcempany charge that 

terminated, ft was evident that this duriqg tire summer of yem; 10 defence 

was now a condition for any Much was not an attitude the of this country^ mdnstna! ac 

successful financiM! reconstruction Liberals supported. base. ■ ' ' . 

which would allow the company to Thecomj^ny was perfectly right He hadb^OTifow^^ jg 

continue in business. ' to be imtatad by the manipulation Cabinet. rofleagues_ttr eh-Euraoean 

Secondly, bow to respond to the of foe Government- throughout possibility of * 

ast-«,W 4 W ssfwSSS 

AffA ^ ^Go*™** MV- 

sfsstnr zxvssstiStiZ 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Rgpoirfer 

d to foe 

Cabinet colleagues to pursue foc| The English* Scottish and That was to feme part dtafaa; 
possibility of a Briosb-Europcan 1 Welsh touristbeards should be existing stmetti re” 

Itxpnal;. tOUftSIB^IJolinr'i 


iwr* - 

It was judged .that there was no men t should reject the recommen- 

of a private company. - 

nnsa of gown- Virtually every JJ**^*”^ - A new statutory body, the . made on a cwmttywideSis— 
iDective derision- commentator said the PTO*®" British tounst boaid, Should be if a British tormsr 

of I wo MPs. It would inevitably be rescue operation by the public directors, thus (caving Westiands mem as a collective decision- commentator 

*" ■ 
40 03 ■ 

.>-&-• • 

national tmeresi consideration considering why a policy change was sector. Instead. Westiands should be free to reach their own decision. But 

required the mounting of a public favoured andwhy thai policy was so encouraged to seek a market because a minority of ministers. 

making process; 
Mrs Thatcher 

- A new statutory body, the . mack: on a cwmtiywidefei^ 
British tourist board, should be if a British totmsr hSt: 

sector rescue hid It followed they vigorously followed by the Prime solution to their difficulties which including Mr Headline, felt stron^y the process of government (he said) that Sikpgkv 

could not dictate a solution of the Minister from December 3. even to would an _vnjection oC about the matter, I decided foal a ; R an unacceptable way -and has {J^fto inprove their ofler in every I 

company's problems. Responsibility the point of enihustasm that 
for ns future had to remain in the inspired grave allegations that she remains 

hands of its directors and share- was ill-tempered in argument and. 

further discussion most be hdd in been cavalier with British long-term 

sar* »■=*«»*. <i* 

holders where it oughi to be. more seriously, that a meeting was _ f'* ainsi _ in is DBckgroumt. tne 

Had the Government pressed cancelled and the inference even Bnstow Rotorcraft -rerapany an- 
Wcstland to favour or adopt a that a Cabinet minute did not carry nouncco an otler for Westland m 
particular solution n might have an.. account insisted upon -by.. a Apnl iast year. As foe scale of tnc 
been taken to imply thev were ready member of that Cabinet. problem became apparent. Bn stow 

pnvalc sector capital. Tut was and further discussion most be hdd in been cavalier with Britis 
remains the position of the Cabinet committee, in the ecou- manufacturing interests. 
Govern menu omics subcommittee for winch a It is a discreditable en 

Against this background, the paper should be prepared. life of an increasingly 

Snstw Roto^ft -rempany an- ~ bonumttce had met on Government. 

riounccd an offer for Westland in rw»Ji>r<>«uigr rS_„ .. _.. . . „ . . 

&nr>i i«i rh. r^. 1 , „r , h- December V and Sir John. Cockney . Mr Michael. Hc&eUme i 

and overseasof tourism in tire England, Scotland, 'Wales riS 
three countries. .- Northern Tretimrt - 

iree countries. - - -r . . Noftiurt Ikdandt- - ^ a? 

Hk radical str^mlming, conWoded tha.' *= 


background, the 

Bfe of » in=-ri^y Chiw. 

Govcrnraml. • SftoS,bor 26 itf.Tiffbdfcfttat 

:r - : b<m ' Tftecm™ trade and indnstty idea eonw- amnsni m Iho UR^uM^ 

lo use public funds to gel nghi the 
company's finances. 

We were noi and are noi prepared 

(she said) lo accept any such Trade and industry, accompanied 

member oft HaiCablncL 1 ^ problem became apparent. Bnstow 

fi was said that Mrs Thatcher h. ad asked -SjPV 0 "* on their conpain 

directed Sir John Cucknev's letter of vfovenunent. -i^udiiu jfociher it an5Wcrq ucstiE 
December 13 to the Depanmem of wouWwocuretheWJO h^iailMer- ranMd . 

Tradp and indiisi rv .vmimunM She had taken the chair at _r inc I_ « 3 . nsjac 

December 9 and Sir John. Cockney . Mr Mieknel . Heseltine (Henley. O choice would be wdcomeand' 
and his advisers were invited to said the issues we foe relationship 1 *^- threaten to stifle 
attend for part of thetime to report of Britain with its European ana girth. 

on their company's decision and tp American allies within Nato and the 
answrr questions, role, if there was role, that foe 

considerable discussion British Government should play in 

by guidance which Mr Hescltine °f ministers on June 18 

They were ready throughout to described as “materially mislead- and I 9 to fo* Government s 

encourage the possibility of i 
European solution while confirminj 
it was for the hoard and share< 

(Mrs Thatcher continued) it was its relations with the industrial 
concluded lhal repayment of launch companies in seeking to enhance 

possibility or a ing". She lhcn set the Law Officers response wfoch was in accordance 

1 while confirming upon Mr Heseltme when he decided wiihwhalshehadalready 

xtard and share- 10 communicate with Lloyd's was agreed lhal if Bnsiow withdrew 

whal was hes! The Merrham Rank ihe offer, the Bank of England 

aid for the W30 would be waived if and protect the defence industrial 
the project -were ended and that base of this country. 

days later threaten to stxne n at wunra, pm.mvucj idc select- coinanttee ab» 

birth. . . and duplicaaon , mvolvujg the reflects foe Gcrvernmem's W 

1 am under the unpreBion that it four existuig bodies, which MPs that Britain’s boomimt inffim^ 
is the duty ofa board of dueaora 10 say they uncovered. : ■win Continue to wcreuvi an? 

seek the best deal for their ^ to Warren, Consent- pSaSSSSeiSLSL^ 

excuse could be that j 5 JL for R ^.^eMPs, wbriiX vis is*, 

eviTitoLSSSi J irf nx* an select comnutoee chamnan, about 100 tourist 1 site* “ 

alternative deal would frighten ^ Hmr tnqtiiry. believe there a 
Sikorsky off. That would have to be problem we identified was the great scope for unany areas in 
a miscalculation of historic pro- fact there were four statutory Britain: not traditfonaffy agod 
portions. ... . . . bodies. None really related to ated wifo xourism, to foDowtii 

There was a c ulm i nati on of what the -other or- - reflected the- examntr k» rird^n...i j 

SrSWS , 

holders lo deadc what was best. The Merchant Bank. 

unless a viable European package 
which the Westland board could 

TSSnSo 1 dS*^ frighteal 

He emphasized his support for Sikoraky off. That would have to be 

the concept of the Nato alliance, but 

Government had also wanted to Someone made sure that the 5 ^l ld ^ encouraged to bring T ^ 1 ?“ 

ensure that the armed forces would Solicitor General's letter became «°seiher foe main creditors to SfiSSeSir tK ahouId ^ °° c of 

have access 10 the besi equipment public knowledge by leaking develop a recovery- rtxateCT. Bnstow ^v^«t wuld mite ctoxtlwt partnership 

fnrRma.n^nre.t* Thrv a it arriving did withdraw the bid and on June fois country would not be bound by The pobti 

for Bniain's needs extracts. They were all activities 

The Government had acted which ranged from the extremely 
consistently with these principles unconventional to foe highly 

Sir John Cucfcney became the recommendation of the national view (he went on) would be 


Mr Neil Kinnoek. Leader of the 


We have to ask fhe said), did the 

Westland's chairman. 

Al the beginning of July, defence 
ministers were told that United 

armaments directors. 

This deadline. December 13. was 

uncontrollable if on either ride of technology and jobs and to 
.the Atlantic the tensions developed standardize with no competition 



a miscalculation of historic pro- 
portions. . 

political p r o ces s es in my the opportunity for Europe to keep 


de si gn , | 

manner to encourage tounsa. . ^great f potential for oramsion 
“There was no ratronate_ at cair be found rn field. 

Opposition, who opened the debate, leak of the Soliator General's tetter Technologies, a parent company of more sped fic European proposals to un&irly disadvantaged by the on three helicopter requirements. 

set lo allow reasonable-' time for 'whereby either side fat they ware from any of the countries concerned I alL It is a : waste of time heaving -VirtiiaDy eirery town and city i 

more ■mgeifie FjirrmMn n m nnaih >n imbirlv HicnrimntMHl Ini ih* nn ihrw hriimntrr fMuiiemenn. I fiuir amiiM nf nuu.U Aux. > 


said that Mr Heseltme. when he come 

misfortune or Sikorsky, were interested in the be put together without rvnni 

processes of the Alliance. 

The United States spent $280 

resigned as Secretary of State for carelessness or something much Possibility of some Rmn of gainst the drodlme imposed by The United Stater spent $280 

Defence, had made some sc no us more devious? The Prune Minister participation in Westland. OnJuly Westland’s, need fo have a finairaal billion a year on defence which 

allegations about the conduct and is m a position to tell us. and she *■ Westland s future was nus«l in rcconsinicuon package in place tar provided an enormous dilemma, 

course of the Government The must the House and the Minister of Slate the time its accounts were pub- Channelled into the largest and 

Prime Minister had to answer those when the Secretary of State for O'* D TI made clear n L ot for . rich«t companies on earth (he sud) 

rharci* in detail (nHucin.- a4t«t»iinihr the Government to seek to Al the end of the meeting Sir this is irresistible and if unchecked 

allegations about the conduct and is m a position to tell us. and she 
course of the Government The must. 

Prime Minister had 10 answer those 
chaises m detail. 

When the Secretary of Slate for 
Trade and Industry was asked in the 

reconstruction package in place by provided an enormous dilemma, 
the time its accounts were pub- Channelled into the largest and 

hed. richest companies on earth (he said) 

At the end of the meeting Sir -this is irresistible and if unchecked 

The House must understand that 
in ail the procurement poli cies o f 

^r U S^TS. B SSSS Cfo 1 -TtU.bombiiUtefp^ 

which suited the country in which ror Brentwood marketed, could result, in. xite 

those companies were smutted If and Ongar. said: “We tincre development of tourism which, 
there was an effective American forcibly strude by tbd foot that albeiL on a modest scale, ^wendd 
control of one of Britain's major the resources 'which we riehdv be beanefreral lb thfr Irirai 

four groups of people doiiig a Britain is steeped in history 
jol> which could be done by - Many of foem - also have 
one. 1 ” - exceuent teistirefocflrties. . 

It would have been a supreme House why he decided to speak 10 mlervcnc in die managemenl of the John Cockney was informed in. it wilL by corporate ambition, buy 
lv on Ihe part of Mr Heseltme if s.r Raymond Lwo last Wednesday company or 10 seek lo influence ihe confifomce of ihe conclusions so its way into sector after sector of the 

he had made grave charges which he he replied quainily that since Sir 
could noi substantiate. There Raymond was in ihe Department of 

«;ir R-ivmnnd Lveo Iasi Wednesday company or 10 sees 10 influence me confidence or me conclusions so its way into sector alter sector oi me dercnce suppliers nc am notoeueve 
hf> rrniieri mmntlv that since Sir finn that its future should take. that he knew where the company world's advanced technologies. there would ever have.been a real 

should be a select committee set up industry building it would have 
to discover the truth ku. -.,‘.hnii>. artificial" ;fhch;h nn? 

Mr Heseltme declared that they ^ sir RaymondL 

been “wholly artificial" if he did not 

- ,* : •: . 'Q / < *'-? 

were talking about the simple what was wholly artificial was 

question of whether the United ihe version of events provided by 
Stales would allow a- significant Mr Brittan. They now had the 

defence contractor to be owned or private and confidential letter as 
effectively controlled by an overseas WC JI as the proceedings in the House 

country and the answer was a 10 demonstrate thaL 

categoric “No". 

The Prime Minister in her tetter 

Mr Kinnoek said that the debate backs what she describes as Mr 

was about helicopter manufadure Bn nan's recollection shared 

and industries related 10 it. about others present at the meeting 
technology and employment; about around 5 pm las: Thursday evening. 

defence procurement and European So lei us examine Sir Austin 

cooperation and had become an Pearce's letter. He says: “Sir 
issue affecting stability of interest Raymond returned directly to a 


This debate is most of all fhe said) 
about truth and that is why, despite 
her reluctance to make a statement. 

special board meeting of British 
Aerospace which was in progress 
and made a full report of his 
conversation to the board. He also 

it is essential that we should secure wrote down all the salient pointe 
the presence of the Prime Minister that had been made to him. His 

control of one of forum's nugor the resoun^ which we rightiy be beneficial to the -local 
defence suppliers hc-did not believe look to government and Toed economy" the report says: 
lhere hav . e beeQ * - authorities to provide to assist House of Commons Trade and 

toursim really were befog spent Industry ' Select ■ Committee. - 
in jnst, about the most unecoD- - Tourisn in the UK (Stationery 

oraic , way one can envisage. Office £5 AQp). 

St*-" ' ■ 

j i r . 

to speak today. 

report stated that foe following 

Kinnoek attacking 

Thatcher defending 

over motor 
parts trade 

Inquiry on 


By Stephen Goodwin The Labour Party's investi- 

A cautiously optimistic fbre^. .! nt ? ^ M^ty?t-d 6 mi- 
isi of Drosoects for Britain's 

cast of- prospects for Britain's 

depleted motor components J25Sl?i»"- •** heanng ; there 

inriusrrv «k oivpn tn MPa 

Heseltin e accusing 

Callaghan demanding 

That the Prime Minister was points were specifically covered by Throughout the summer, minis- stood. The fact that the. GovCrn- 

industry was given to MPs 
yesterday by Sir. Bryan Hayes, 
permanent ' secretary.;, at the’ 
Department of Trade and 
Industry. - 

The nine^-member: inquiry 
team, headed by the' party V 
general secretary, Mr [any 
Whitty, intends to produce- a 

would * lead 

domineering was not a matter of the Secretary of State .. .“ For ters and officials of the DTI and the ment was not bound by the national centralized defence technology . in 

contention or doubt. The whole brevity 1 will go to point six which MOD kept in dose touch with Sir armaments directors there the sun belt and rcsemttiem would 

country knew u. There was a was “that what we (British. John Cuckney and ou September 24 to be a choice, of two options grow inEurope. . i 

to be a dwice of two options grow inEurope. 

growing entertainment indusuv Aerospace) were doing was not in he showed to the Government eventually - Sflrorafcy/Fbit or the 3 Eui 
based entirely on the fact, the national interest. .Point seven reports on the Company's financial European bid which developed. its i 

— ' — *- was “that we should withdraw.” * »-■“ - ■ .... 

. Europe must necognige ft was in 

competitive choice . to buy from 
Europe.. , 

I withdraw - not one word, of my . 
account foe went- on^ about the 
Prime Minister's reply to Sir John 

„ . . I written report with recoauxtear- 

Sir Bryan was particularty;] dations for action in urne for 

hopeful that British maiiufifo- JdiscusSioft at the meeting of the 
turns wouldget a huge share of I national executive .cbmmittee- 

What was less obvious and much was that we should withdraw. position, prepared by Price Water- .The condusions of the Cahinet interests, to strcngthen and co-ordi- ioh n 

more serious was that that Can anyone in or outside this house. economic committee ou December nate foe European industrial base. Minkt 

domineering attitude in a system of House imagine a single pteiuible Hc lM ^ (she said) his plans for 9 laid dowq a dear policy and that . Our companiesfSe said) are too which 

I T as0 ij ■ r vL , K S rm0IK j , the financial reconstruction of made- a further, meeting upnecess- small to survive individually as those ) 

Mr Kinnock's motion slated: That ?r° 111056 <telaiJS - Westland. He revealed he was azy. No decision to hold a further Renuine partners with America. ofStai 

this House, noting foe senous having _ discussions with some meeting was taken or recorded. No There is no point at which the draft 0 

allegations made in public by Mr jLr S? n p £?, n,pa , nie ^. » of wb'chthose wth meeting had been agreed, so ttere processes* of acqmstknt could be sent to 

Michad Hescltine, the former Sikorskv of America, pert of United wasnomeoingtocanceL stopped f if'^3ovenitnent believed Thei 

Secretary of State for Defence, a bout J"® c hjWexe^ire of a rorporauon Technologies, with whom Westiand After, the Westland board found fool a market place would, lead law oft 
the conduct of the Government m ®f , JJ®VSS2iJ5SJ2Lf!SS2!2l bad “ long relauonship going tack the European amsortiunfs pro- anywhere except to American foe se 

respea of Westland pic. and aware P rxx J u 5 ; J s to tne Oovernmenr wquki io [ 947 , was the most promising, posals unacceptable, the Govern- dorainaufoi, company by company, nr-noos 

of the major impheauons for foe Department of Trade and The company had also been m ment agreed, as it had on December sector by sector. ‘5a nt ; 

defence procurement, manufectur- Industry and. , mmutes latenjust foalf touch with iMBB of Germany Aero 9. that it was not bound -by foe The' £ 

30 ns on the company's fiMiaal Emopean bnl whijfo deveJopaL its interests. -and, in' America’s Otekney onNew T«rV-fi«e: Sir 
siuon. prepared by Price Water- .The condusions of ahe Cahinet interests, ^strengthen and co-orcfr- John did write to the '’Prime 
•use. .... „ economic committee on December nate the European industrial base. Minister in nn view to net answers 

He told us (she said) his plans for 9 laid dowq a dear policy and that . Our oomputies.foe said) are too whS^rere^oerhaDS 

Mr Kinnock’s motion staled: That ff ?“fL JJJ2* 
this House, noting foe senous {, 5S?KS ' 1 

work for the-T^ssan 
undd*f.Wh fWHMIM 

/estland board found that a market place would, lead 

too which were perhaps different to' 
. 83 those he had got from foe Secretary 
of Stale" for .Defence. There was a 
*he draft of an indicative reply. It was 
tic sent to the DTI and not to the MoD. 
"cd There was an intervention' by the 

Nissan is in line for more] further, action « against the 

than £100 million of govern- 1 suspended district Labour party 
ment aid In selective assistance fin the city, arc expected Id be 

and regional grants', but there is [ taken at that meeting. 


iHSSH -TSfiat aWsettt 

tewo^ers vfoo 'materially changed Japanese company for phase union, the AUEW, has already 
Die sense rff for reply that was two of the project- will necessar heard . 20 hours’: evidence 
proposed. I do not think there is any riy be British made. including' allegations of intimi- 

t™** 1 ?** rc'aticmship goingback the Euro pean ro nsOTtiumj pro- anywhere except to American foe sense iff for reply torn 
to 1947. was the mo« promamg. posal s unac ceptable.^ the Go ve rn- domination, company by company, j^oposed. I do not fomk there is any 

ment agreed, as it had on December sector by sector. 

fight h 

ce procun 


employment, calls on her Majesty's 
Govemmem to make arrangements 
10 sei up a Com mi nee of foe House 

ctur- industry and, minutes later, justnau touch with MBB of Germany Aero 9. that it was not bound -by the -n,. r ___ 

and a mdeaway in Pall spatiate of France and Agusia of recommendations of the national 

point in delaying the House with 
more details oi foe events ps they 

including allegations: of intimi- 

witness lo the assembled board ot Italy. Sir John stressed the need to armaments directors.'There waS'do 
British Aerospace. reach a solution before Westiand further issue to discuss, although foe 

Far be it from me to save Mr lo finalize its accounts later in matter was raised again in 

preserving an uncoordinated, frag- .uidblded (Labour proteste). -l«ort would he own rn rt»** 
men ted European industrial base, * woakl not support the form of | wonc - j °P? a *°_ „ 

: Jzzzr 1 I comnonents . industries of »TI 

Sir Brtah «aid that under 1 dation by Militahl - supporters 
European Gomrauidty ruk* the l aD ^'. **£. 'i° w tiK 

10 consider foe issues raised by the J nl “" ^ «Bmg for his resignation, year, 
matter, ensuring that such a ! ,ul fttioWy 1 cannot see how he can a t a 

meeting on 

on December 12. 

The Cabinet on December 19 

behmdevery time some- inquiry suggested by the Opposition I components, . industry of all 
. harder or apt up a little because I believe there is ample 1 memoer otates. But he added: 

commiitee would be provided with bnng himself to stay in his present October 16 it was decided to reaffirmed foe Government’s view 

nl.nn .1 1 DOSIlion. (InlemiDUOnS.) mmnni«i< WKtlnnrl tn Mninrp (hat ii wav finr WmiIowI tn WOUW COulfllUC. 

all relevant documents and leneis. position. (Interruptions.) 

many or which have been publicly °? ly one quesUMiremains in my 

loimwi m hm nnt vm n.ihiich^H ii. mind about Mr Brman. Is he a 

one triod harder or mt up a little because I believe there is ample memoer states. But he added: 
earlier, foe longer Britain’s decline precedent within the instruments of “The sheer - economic facts 
com paired with the United States this House to make aqy full mean that the bulk of the 80 par 

encourage Westiand to explore that it was for Westiand to decide 
further the possibilities of cooper- what was best in the interests of the 

His position had always been that consider. 

investigation foe House might J cent must imeyitably be from 

referred to but not yet published, in mind about Mr Brraan. is he a ation with foe European oompaates company and its employees. Thai w2£S»don 
order 10 establish for foe nation foe f ulp , l f| t n ^, t > cr ° r ? VKt,n J ? 15 which wit partners or potential was fondamentiti Goveromem shSSdtaS 

If there is an inquiry, .. I would 
expect to be called to account for 

truthful record of foe events relating he *** Pn “ e 8 ®? nl ?* partners of Westiand in some policy. 

10 foe present and future position of ac,m ? ° n h| s own? That ajhc collaborative projects. - On 

Wesliandplc. ” — 

question foe Prime Minister must 

,, conftnn5 n, Siiimjnd5r Government had had al dcar in detail. products were of such high 

r- J chiioSof Presence ftjr Europe. He foiled to At tf» Cabinet meeting of quality And reasonable once 

aSggBBBL‘Mgg SirJohnCoctaqf Should 

Clothe ive tbriru**afy 

should back Sikorsky. He believed everything 1 have said and f would 

UK sources.” .... 

Component makers had to 
persuade- - multi nationals as- 

Mrs Thatcher's amendment was lo ? cl . eaj 1 _y. aad hooes,, y now - 
make foe motion read: Thai this (*-a bourct > e s r s-! 

House endorses foe Government's Mra Thatcher said shewould like j 0 hnsaid he had made dear to the sensinve commeictal negotiations ^ "Eurouain" 

consistent objective of supporting at the outset to refer to the European companies that he would then in train, statements should be 

Westiand pic in its efforts 10 achei vc correspondence between Sir Austui consider any reasonable propostion cleared ■ mtfcr-itepailiuentally Hniiy hffft e r . ierfm r»l >Wgiiy nyrre 

a finanaal reconstruction. oF Pearce and myself published that and he again emphasized West- through foe Cabinet office, to ensure advanced *«™toio»caiiy more 

supporting United Kingdom parti ci- day. 10 which Mr Kinnoek referred, j^d's need fora rapid condusion to ™ wmsistem with Govern- r believe that the mmt 

The view (she said) was confirmed unanimously its con- 
communicaied to Sir John Cuckney * r * u **0 | >* and agreed understand why Sir John Cockney 

by Mr Brittan 1 on October 17. Sir th»t to avoid possible Prejudice to h^ set his &c£ 

that at a critical moment, the expect my ntie to be fully examined I sembling in Britain .that their 

-flrtvPmmPnf KaH «> TTI ripfftil 1 nnri/luAtft nmnw 4>.«L 

products were of such high 

consistent objective of supporting at the outset t o re fer to the 

running qf the district Labour 
party. ; ;■ " ' 

. Senior natibna] officers of 
trade unions have also given 
evidence at a sittingf of the 
inquiry ia London. . 

..More witnesses are to be 
heard in Liverpool today. . 

Labour- Baity officials have 
refused . to comment on the 
progress of the inquiry. •- 1 ' 

-5 tJ IS,”, i. . 
3tr^ ■' - 

•ftss r.. : . 

’tfilC .* <r 

supporting United Kingdom parti ri- day. 10 which Mr Kinnoek referred, 
pation in collaboration with North dealing wifo foe meeung on January 


I do not believe that foe most 

frfayyhp [^f^ i'f tanrifwHa rfr r At tfat ^ISC them Oil thCIT assrfiml y -*• t t jiva ■* yvy*-%* i 

late'- stage- thert? was perbapk lutes outside this country. The Icelandic trawien Vjjjri 

realistically, nothing else to do once , There had beoa extensive .sold her catch of 33.930 stones 
rd had mad e its final and, in discussions with the multinatao- of cod • at Grimsby marker 

Trawler record 

Atlantic Teaty Organisation allies 

and of safeguarding foe interests of Raymond Lygo. 

s* *■- for — — ssfffiSaEPffarti 


Ii was apparent that unless such a 
reconstruction were dearly in 

the company, its employees and its Mr Brittan has given his account reconstruction were dearly in 
shareholders, recognizes the efforts of thai meeung to the House (she prospect before the (984-85 results 
ol foe Government 10 ensure that said) and the report of ihe meeting Yvere annouccd, the company could 

the Cabinet- 

have intended that. leaving the 
choice to Westland would result in 

the board bad made its final and, in discussions with the multixiatio- 
my view; Sludged, recommen- pals over the UK content of 
. ' .- ' . . their British assembled vehicles 

- There w ere the n, selective^ teaks both Ford and VauxhaU 

nals over the UK content of I yesterday, for a British price 
their British assembled vehicles ( record of £204,751.' The^ frawk? 


- \ - 
I 6 * ; V 


nil! f 
[bn tr-i 

• - 

foe Westiand Board had more than taken by foe Depar tmen t of Trade 
onp option 10 secure that objective; and Industry has been publish 
affirms foal it will be for the today in lull - every single wo: 
company to determine its future published in fiilL I fiiQy accept u 
course of action; and further the record taken by the Departmi 
recognizes the competence of of Trade and Industry is an accur; 
departmental select committees of and fair account of what was said, 
ihe House of Commons to consider 1 have today received a fiirtl 
the issues raised by these developc- letter from Sir Austin Pearce, a] 
men is. published, in which be e x presses t 

reconstruction were cleariy in Mra Thatcher said she had riven unidentified and unidentifiable 
prospect before the 1984-85 results the House this full account, because ■ financial- groups slogging it out 
^ annouccd, foe company could lt ^ important to set the .behind dosed doors of City 

s, k d e ".^ i irss"p o ub.s - 80 *- atBTsava'SK 

tndav in full - every sinele word: „ _ . .... Uie ? K * r context of the Goverr 

in institutions, as it has witnessed, as 

Some conacK mok ptaee 

nuhlfcluvl in Rill I fudv staxni that 100,1 mem 5 oear poucy m me auncuiues 

wi.1. Europe an^ companies aod overeymreSl^idC - 

of Trade and Industry is an accurate assafimSfwifo^he There could be no doubt that tbe 

and (air account of what was said. probteins woe conmtered properly 

Govern- though we are selling one of our 
ifficulttes defence contractors in job lots to the 
highest bidder. 

. ei^e The answer to whether the 

pie answer 10 .whether the 
United States would allow a 

Mr Brittan urged the managing 
director of tbe leading company in 
tiie British consortium to withdraw 
in the national interest. I reported 
this incident at once on Wednesday 
night 10 NO'10 Downing Street. Tbe 
next morning in . Cabinet it was 
sugge s t ed , that all answers to 

had been fishing for 12 days aiid 
beat the previous record catch 
by almost £ 20 , 000 . ' 

Ietiw from Sir Austin Pearce, abo Novcmber< by which Ume ^ 

negotiations between Westiand and 

hope we will now be able to 1 rr/Fiat were in their final szaaes. before the policy was decided. 

cabinet government in a democratic 

nope wc win now uc au.c lo jjjrp^i i 0 their final stages. . 

concentrate on the important issues a i h Unanimous agreement 

concerning Pie future of WnUepd. 1 Epcked 

cal “No”. He did not know why. 
Britain should have different 

3 .■ c «i v-T’"... 

lire c-,-. 

l&SJtisiirJ- : 
iSflWias ... 


cabinet on “S” 3 ?: 

country had enormous effects on foe fi™" European helicopter com- ,9 On JanSST® He had made no s 

whole course and siyle of foe way in uSTSfoa? Ponies for participation in the STwlratoS ^ thM-Wenlaiid- 

which the country was governed. dd liltie ol that- reconstruction. t«licv ono^o nnanimoMlvh' would recover some 

In such a system of cabinet Mr Hescltine had made accu- On November 29, the national national pride al their a 

wnira uk wiiimy wasguvCTuw. - reconstruction. iv«l«-u iMMiHin nnunimnncK, f,- «raw recover some sense Ot mgetnini 

In such a system of cabinet Mr Hescltine had made accu- On November 29, the national Sasviialfium^SSvtovSdfoai Pnde al their meeting. without pr 

government it was not possible to sal ions about what he considered lo armament directors of foe UK. Throughout 1985 every option iheBriiish 

dominate cominuaily on foe ments be ihe breakdown of constitutional. France, West Germany and lutiy lhe , ool :_ v brau?«i^crurialtinTP b“* been canvassed. It could haVe What I 
of foe argumeni because there were government and foe House would met in London at foe request of - {Cl c i mDamr wm aomachtat 1,1511 oa *y through was ooc week ' 
always good arguments in comen- expect her to answer foal charge. foeir respective defence mimsto-s. iK«atecfaiiiCTh MTac e«reme*y expensive public the most 

■ ■nn Mnr uim » p unvc nnHiklo ,n It miaht hp n tn CM nut ilw Thp riim-tnn iprrnnmmrlnl fhnl ,u " 7 _ . 1 _ >'■' ** "" (x w m , 

id made no secret of his 
lit - Westland -shareholders 
recover some aenm of 

always good arguments in comen- expect her to answer that charge. foeir respective defence ministers. some extremely expensive public 

non. Nor was ii always possible 10 It might help to set om the The directors recommended thai rescue. P ^- 

dominate by patronage or peiu- developments in relation to foe the four governments should cover rsnon^iv I must say to the Prime Minister 

lance. Westiand company over foe past 18 their main hriicopter needs in fixture Th- white cffoe^iHreei asreed (be went on) that her description of 

When people who would not months to demonstrate to foe solely by helicopters -designed and T - -——j” *k^ IKS tbe account in the two letters of 

concede to domination, or back House that foe company and the built in Europe. wifo dreew*i«iMnr m> HereWxEr October < and October 18 does not 

down, but made up foeir minds they Government's approach to it had This would have repres e n ted an Heariroo^MlPKt thV ™y reading of those 

had io be undermined, isolated and been foe subject of foe most exclusive commitment to buy only ». KriSnST/STST tetters, J have a ftm ander aanriing . 

by-passed. Mrs Thatcher had had thorough collective consideration helicopters which qualified as ofwhatisintfaem. ^ ‘ 

answers to questions which already 
publidy earned my name. 

I must tell the House I had no 
confidence, in. the light of what had 
already happened, that such a 
constraint would be used fairly or 
without prejudice to the interests of 
the British European offer. . 

What f had raid in confidence 
one week would be ai the mercy of 
the most 'trivial form xd inter-de- 
partmental squabbling over words. 

I was, wifo great pride. Secretary 
of State for Defence in Her 

t - " 

iWi • 

by-passed. Mrs Thatcher bad had thorough collective consideration 
some success with foot systems of by ministers; that during that time 

collective responsibility (she com- 't j?TE JL 1 ™ 

wllimt w^r u .^1 ia 31 Wlfflt IS TO them. 

1UU U1UIUUKU CUIICI.UVC Uimumauuil ncucupma "luui qUtllllKU aa .Jl urithni-ir luinii lurr mnl m. “ W1BU 15 in mem. - . .. 

s of by ministers; foal during foal time European in this special sense, that SSSTth* disemb^ u Std ' n® n « understand why, if »' 
had the Government had been aware of we were not only to build but design TL..V of forTcaMnet emtid 51 Austeo Pearce’s letter and that erf - 
iing foe company's precarious position in Europe. This would have gone a r ^ M „._TT«T w TT._TrrT the Law Office - . could be nuHisherL 

rule of overrule because she had the Government had been aware of we were not only to build but design ^ 
taken foe precaution of surrounding foe company's precarious position in Europe. This would have gone m 
herself with some jelloid ministers, and with the particular legal beyond tbe 1978 declaration of 
Sooner or bier, someone was obligations that imposed on tbe principles lo which wc still adhere. ” . 

bound to resist, even to the point of board of directors; that the On December 2. Sir John 
resignation. That day arrived last Government wished the Westland Cuckney wrote to Mr Briuan to urge 
Thursday board to explore fully all posst- that the recommendation should 

She could for instance, determine bilities including the European not be accepted by the Government. 

Mr Headline's veracity about foe option. He said if the recommendation was 

minutes of the meetings of October It is important (she said) that foe approved the board felt they would 
by publishing the minutes, indud- company should take the course not be able to recommend to the 

Majesty’s Government There are mr ti 

special responsibilities in that job M* -LMyyd Forster with bis Suawrap machine wticb stops 
and one of these is conviction in early fennentatfon to improve sfiage feed aadfty. U Conty 

tZ&fttJSfZSSS!! flOmaHonayeai (Photograph: clitoris). 

^ W?th great regret, but ^ 

cotlective responsibility on which ^seofOctober4andl4eould,iuit 
our system of constitutional govern- oe ' Th _ u jTl „ - ... . . . 

■Hie Government heard : ha- ^ preferriteTind font foe 

no doubt I left foe Government 

ment depends. 

Mr James (Gaidiff South 

a nd P enarfo, Lab) raid he had never 
Kara a resignation speedx in vrinefa 
the position of the resigner had been 

so firmly founded (Cheers). It wss 

lastic silage wrapping 
offws sweet resnlfe 

v' -V 

^ Vr-: ... 



3hi . 

mg all foe details of the meetings which it judges to be the best company shareholders 'day rectm- • 

and other considerations. 

safeguard for foe future of the 

not be accepted by foe Government decision » rcs * 11 .wifo great regret ' Secretary of Stale for Trade and foconcavahte^aT 133 ^^ {Lf** 

He said if the recommendation was They and I recognize hri services to industry eapnmed a BumStt STSL fi 

approved foe board felt they would the ^vonm«t over ax.yearaaml preference. curopran. Mmjttffmd I foe -Government 

n °‘ ab 'l“i2SrS; VS' ^ S * 0 “ h?? “ dhU It was about that rime Sr John • SS«H55fi5SS!!^ 

nmnouk involving Commending the Government "® e ? cal on > .F»de 

As The Times had reported on workforce and foe shareholders. 

January 14, the Government had The defence implications of tbe 

taken the unprecedented step ol company’s future had been given 
quoting from ad hoc minutes to full weight in the discussions which 

sirucuon proposals involving vommraoing me 
Sikorsky and Rat « W 

He added foal while Westiand 

Commending the Government wstuuiu* w vuc wem on) man* 

amendmem. she hoped the share- ^Government that ther e wa s no . statements directly contradicting 
holders would be able to take their yeaHstre- Europcais option aad <mty pomtaj made by the Prime Minister 
final decision very shortly. The “ own anxiety began to and by others of her ministers. 

Government's po&y bad been ^ wfoingnen loyinwit There can be no confidence in foe 

consistent Dc P artment of Trade and Government until this matter is 

A. new way of mapping, 
silage which could save farmers 
millions of pounds a year and 
produce a mndt better anfmqi 

feed has been lamrcbed. . . : 

If?s inventor, Mr Lloyd' 
Fontet a ; Nartlminherlaitd 
^■rowj . itas Jbeen pioiieering 
techniques of improving " the 

preserving sugars, proteins 
other nutrients, 
feed’s quality and paJatwaw 
but : reducing Jansen* costs 
, substantially. ' . 

One. estimate mgg&ststint* 

ICH ■ -ii. 

undermine Mr Heseftine’s resig- took account of the need to ensure these did not mark any commercial Arm „ Industry, the sponsoring depart- cleared up. (lahonr 

nation statement «w th<- mwimI servires an th* h^t Mm ihatcher sat down to loud , £L-i Zll T* Y™” roeeg^. infoe 

It could not be too much to ask equipment to meet foeir operational 
that the same treatment should be requirements. 

that the armed services got the best advance over earlier proposals 

i. „ Conservative cheers. 

ment turned- to anxiety ■ that the interests of good government, Mra 

given in full to the minutes of other The' feet that Westland faced a would be no effective reconstruction 

ad hoc meetings in October. difficult situation was first brought proposals in place within foe urgent 

The derision on the national to the Government's attention in timescale to which foe company had 
armaments directors' recommen- late 1984. The Government was to adhere, 
dation had come, they were (old, told the problems stemmed partly in the tight of these developments 

rejected as inadequate. As a result, _ preference for foe Enropian option Tbaxcher hai aT^WMhv To see 

there' was a senous risk that there Mr David Steel. Leader of the was bang choked off- that foe noina^^vL u? 

not from the Secretary of State for fre 
Trade and Industry, but from the ch 
Prime Minister. Why had she taken ths 
that course and pursued it so avidly? W 

wouldbenoefiectivereconstroctiim Liberal Party, said the Pnme 
proposals in place within foe urgent Minister and foe whole Govem- 
timeseale to which the company had tneut cornmucd tfrroughotn most of 
to adhere. last year, right until tbe vwy end, to 

in the light of these developments operate a nee-market theory in a 

Mfr DctM SteeL Leader .me wasb cin gdiokedoff: .. .. that foe pointsm^bv Mr 

Liberal Party, sad the Prime It h^been suggested that he was Hesdtine &Hy cuLiaed 

Minister and the whole Govern- indifferent to Westiand’s future, but independently (Cheers! ™ Fi nw * 
ment ccnmuucd timraghout most of nothing could be fiirfoer from foe Resranatioa w» ms «asr Tr 
last year; rttMuntfl the wry end. to troth. Tte Defence de p a rtmen t’s meant slandem and tmtrafowotiM 
operate n free- market theory m a responsibility wus to ensare thai be nude about you foaftraTw 
world where the free -market no Westland’s industrial capabffity, weakened foe pS S SaS 
lo^a- existed. . cnocal m defence . interests, was some longraa^ambhifoL&S- 

tfte past e^gjht years. 
fC The new SDswrajj asachme 

impression had been maintained. 

not only tfoange the nice of 
it also produce 
sweet animal food, as lifferent 
from tradltMMUrf 
sOage u' ojstdlDd frrit is- 
frpffl awr gm w« 1 , . l»i«H> * -* 

How did practice in foe privacy short-term 

— — — - - . - - - , . • tones, it was said resignations dM .1 

and partly from the were ccnjsaous of the aptHtachiDg creaied among foe Westland No one kmrws > now (be con- not take place on 

m ■ v - r j W! — * Cu ■ ArtbliaUu iLa .• MMtlMTtV IMI ■ llftiiat fnaf tftp tiwnaift mfeA !■ Jm w4ni t «L... *" ■ 1 

of govemmem match with public foe British armed services. 

orders from for publishing foe West- company personnel thai the tinned) who is buymg what shares 

land accounts, with losses publidy Goverament would not be surprised from whom in thin stamp ed e by an (rations 

wrap accumulated fius- 

iEubovet. - -■ 

BWen or silage are wrapped 
witii phastk: stretch 
ro™ -that fennesttation stops 
Bnm ~eaifia feth wm^,-' 

United Engdomtettot handfetf 
conectiy, .fenpe hteq” 

go ntmntng 'fari long ;.wMS 

destroys notrients: Idat 
rir nuHhm - teoaes of 
were made in Hg Wes, 
mBUon b*g» were used to 
it Hie ahflitr ushRW-* 
this way ^saved auuiy sE^ 
fanwris from IwmSiiqrtg® * 
dkastrous jjay,":- Mr A Jt«tef? . 
.to id. • 

• . Tfct . devd^pnen£ ; 


'OT 5 ir. 


Vtflac, could cot *anaal wnp* 

imi» costa .fry at test 
mfllKHL - - .t;.';; 


. : .. ' y. ’ 

.1 J'ri r ri 




Prescriptions rise • University boost • Aid for jobless 

Terrorism fight 

,: iS 

_ %',• , 

. . a 

• - 

By David Smith ... 

Economics Correspondent 

The Government's public 
expenditure phms show tfwfr, 
mfter real cuts Jn spending this 
year and next, the level of 
spending is targeted to be 
stable to 1988-89. . 

Mr . John McGregor, Chief 
Secretary to the Treasnry said 
yesterday that spending pians 

for the current . year, within a. 

pbmaittgtotal <rf£134J2-bflfi0n, 
nffl be met Thu is a 15 per. 
cent increase on ttecashr total- 
for 1948-85 bat, «fler doinq| r 

erf 5 per cent, is a real reduction 
efj.4 pe* cent. ... 

The - last time that public 
spending was cat In real- terms 
was 'in 1976-77, mder the 
spending squeeze imposed by. 

the International - Monetary 
. rand. ? • 

" The redaction^ is “ partly 
became spending was boosted, 
by £25 bHUoa lastyem by the* 
miners’ strike* tat only by jnst 
over £1 bOttoo-ht the current 
year, 1985/86. However, the 
Treasmyteys thatcmi allow- 
ing for^ftis, a small real cat 
’ rtmatocr. " 

The Chancellor will provide 
snnpdsted picture of the 
carrot year’s, spending bn. 
Budget Day in Marck Many 
Chy; economists expect actual 
spending to breach the plan- 
ning total, reducing orremoT- 
tog tire , currently targeted real 

Next year, 1986-87, a real , 
reduction of 05 per cot is bnflt 
into the plans. However, -flds is 
mainly due to the big boost to 

toie expected- 7 receipts from 
privatization, which count as 
negative jraliiic spending. 

The sales of State assets, 
indmHpa Gas and 

‘ British' Airways, are set to raise 
£4-7 bOEoa in 1986-87, and in 
each of the frdhring two years. 
Thfe compares with an ex- 
pected £2,6 bSOkm in receipts 
ibis year. Without this boost to 
asset: sales, public .spending 
would be broadly constant in 
teal terms next year, and in the 
following two years. 

‘ There are real redactions in 
government ca pital spending. 
-Inside and outside the planning 
total, capital spending is 
expected to total £18.8 billion 
this year, £18.7 billion in 1986- 
87, £18j6 Union in 1987-88 and 
£18.7 billion again in 1988-89. 

In constant 1984-85 prices. 

the total is planned to foil from 
£17,9 bfflton this year to £17.06 
■bHUoa in 1986-87, a real drop 
of 4.7 per cent In 1987-88, 
Acre is a' further real art of 42 
per cent and in 1988-89, a 2J 
per cent real reduction. 

There have been important 
changes of priority between 
departments. Lord Young of 
Graffbsm'g Department of 
Employment em e rged as the 
chief victor in the public 
spending round, gaining a 19 
per cent increase in cash 
spending between 1985-86 and 

Next is the Department of 
Health and Social Security, 
with a 15 per cent rise in 
spending on health and per- 
sonal social services and an 11 
per cent increase on social 
security. Mr MacGregor said 

real cut in 10 years 

yesterday; "This is a caring 
government. Sodal security is a 
substantial priority.” 

The Foreign Office, includ- 
ing the overseas aid pro- 
gramme, gets a 10 per cent 
cash increase over the three- 
year period. 

The losers Include the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, with cash spending 
down 48 per cent and agricul- 
ture, down 9 per cent. Housing, 
after allowance for receipts 
from council house sales, has a 
4 per cent cash redaction, in 
spite of befog described by Mr 
MacGregor as a priority in the 
spending round. An innovation 
in the public expenditure White 
Paper is the introduction of 
figures on the new system of 
departmental running costs. 
These show that toe gross 

nuuiug costs of Whitehall will 
be £1332 billion next year, 
1986-87, a 53 per cent rise on 
tins year’s expected total of 
£1239 ballon. 

However, this does not 
necessarily represent the rise in 
average OvD Service pay. The 
Treasury has dropped the 
central pay assumption from its 

The White Papa* includes 
large reserves for unforeseen 
contingencies over toe next 
three years - £43 billion in 
1986-87, as part of toe £125 
hlDion on offer over a four-year 

The overall plans assume 
that unemployment remains 
stable at three miDm and that 
inflation falls to 3 per r***** by 

leading article, page 15 

Department budgets 1986/87 

eMRo " Agriculture, 

NMjth&poreond “!" l "“ aod * i 

social services ^ 1.5 ^ J Employment .3.7 

Transport 43 




45 Scotland 


Foreign & 
Commonwealth Office 2.0 

Home Office 




Other 45 
DOE 35 
DOE-houstng 25 


By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Spending on social security, 
which makes up about 30 par 
cent of all government expendi- 
tare, is to rise ' from £41-2 
billion this year to jnst under 
r £46 bfflhm by 1988-89. 

Spending bn ’ pensioners 
' makes up nearly half that total,' 
with spending on toe side and 
disabled accounting for., a, 
- — significant part of the remafo- 
n der. 

■ *U LJM i The numbers who have been 
‘ * unemployed for more than one 
year stand at 13 million, and 
more prople are joining the dole . 
queues without 1 a sufficient 
contribution record to qualify 
for unemployment benefit. 

Since 1980-81 toe rising 
n ambers of unemployed have 
added £2.75 billion to social 
security spending, acco unting 
for almost 30 per cent of toe 
extra £93 billion, spent on 
social security. - 
The figures also show big 
rises in the numbers receiving 
disability benefits,.the resultin 
part of better take^ip of toe 
easting benefits, but also 
probably an effect nfrinag. 

> r ? 




Disabled people may well 
find it less easynow to get jobs 
with unejupfoyiuent high, and 
doctors may be more willing to 
back applications for disable- 
ment benefits to allow workers 
to retire early. 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security, mid yester- 
day tint it was investigating 
why claimants for . hrifidiq 
benefit have risen 40 percent in 
five years. 

The White Paper confirms 
that pensions and other bene- 
fits are expected to rise by only 
1 per cent in Jnly,.an increase 
of only 38p for a single 
penstOHer and 61p for a couple, 
as the iiprating date for benefits 
is moved from November, to 
April to coincide with the 
Geveririnenfs sodal security 

The liprating this July will 
be followed by one in April 
•1987, which is expected to be a 
Z25.per cent increase, with the 
following . .igniting in April 
1988 when the social security 
reforms come in -based -oa s 
3.25 per cent incsease: . *. . 


fight is 

Public spending in Northern 
Ireland is to increase by 123 
per cent during toe next three 
years with the figure for 1986- 
87 representing an Increase of 
~ £250 rafflion on toe previous 

Expenditure is to rise from 
£4320 million hi 1986-87 to 
- £4,810 rnDUon hi 1968-89, with 

' the Government giving highest 
priority to support for law and 
order m the battle against 
' terrorism; housing and indus- 
trial development 

i ■ ‘ r • Scotland will receive £7,573 
million from the Government 
for toe next financial year, an 
increase of more than 5 per 
.cent Health spending win 

- increase by about £100 mffiioa 
more than originally planned. 

. The budgets for health and 
personal sodal . services in 
^Scotland in the coming year 
will be £2,443 mfifion, rising by. 
1988-89 to £2.620 million. 

. • Welsh fanners, already 
.. reding under the impact of 
t tighter mOk quotas wiD be told 
Vtbat government 'grants, for 
their industry wiH be 27 per 

cent less in 1986-87 than in the 

previous financial year. The 

- distortion is not as dramatic as 

• ft appears, however, as ^ a 

- ffrnngff in toe a EEC 

. . rales meant they received two 

. fore premium payments;, last 
year. Total . expenditure for 
. : -1986/87 is £2,904 million, .. 

Britain’s net payments to 
.Itor European Cwimiumty are 
.- ddy half as much as they 
wodd have been witoost the 
.. 'hard-fought Fontamebleaa 
-^agreement «wd earlier deals 
As a result of toe agreement, 

‘ , Britain wfll be excused an 
; -; „tverage of more than £ 1,000 

- ■ nUEnn g year over toe next 
Jhree years. 

1 rtjjib Plans to hold down spend- 
>; r i ng on the ails and persuade 
’^ostitntions to lode for other 
, ^ljii*omtes for real increa ses to 
‘ ^ ? ■* . heir Income are confirmed! On' 
./“.ment assumptions, spending 
riD increase “sl^fhtiy more 
V lowly” than theforeiist rate 
f inflation. 

The Sports OnmdTs_ bud- 
" ' "-Et to increase participation m 

' .port is to rise from this year’s^ 
■“ *12 nriTHpn to £23 mmuD. 
r fnch of the coonriTs writ wiH 
e aimed at yonng people in 

<4 The couttdrs 

- .:fldget is part of a planned 20 
. vbt cent rise In govertnneni 
'• '.Kndng. through esrironmen- 
id quangoes from £123. nifflfafl 
7i\v\ £146 mfifion. The largest 
. i loease w£Q go to .The Natnre 
_ , f tmservancy Councfl,_wbich is 
v‘ 4 recerre £32 mDHon instead of 
'/m year's £23 ofifipn.. 


Gash curb 
on justice 

.. By Peter Evans . 
Home Affairs Correspondent 
' ' The steep rise in spending on 
law and order, seen as a key part 
of the Government’s election 
strategy, is bring reined in. 
After the Conservatives came to 
power, expaiditure on the 
criminal justice sy^em doubled 
from about £2 billion in 1979- 
80 to about £4 billion in 1985- 
^6- . 

“The Government has in- 
creased substantially toe man- 
power of the police, the 
probation service and the 
prison service and has begun 
the biggest prison building 
programme to .take plaeq this 
century”, the White Paper says. 

But spending on tlie criminal 
justice system is about to slow. 
In 1986-87 il is planned 
about £4161.75 jmillion; in 
1987-88. £4207-5 million; and 
in i 988-89, £4267.5 million. 

: Yet the intense- pre ssure on 
the system is expected to 
continue. Plans for spending on. 
higher courts assume a continu- 
ing increase in criminal busi- 
ness, winch is forecast to rise 
from 77,000 committals for trial 
in 1 984-85 to 95,OOOiri 1988-89. 
There has been an- overall 
increase in committals since 
1 979-80 of 48 per cenL 

The Govenunent is no longer 
funding police expansion at the 
same rate. Between March 31, 
1979, and March 31 last year 
police strengto Stew by 8,983, or 
8 per cent to 120,116. -The 
numbers in 1988-89 are planned 
to be 121,800. But police 
civilians wfll increase from 
44,573 in 1985-86 to 45,660. 

The most remarkable feature 
of the law and order spending 
programme s the continuing 
priority given to prison build- 
ing. The average inmate popu- 
lation is projected to' be 50,600 
by 1988-89 compared with 
46,900 in 1985-86. It rose to 
48,000 this financial, year. ; , 

Since June 1970, 4,700 new 
prison places have' been ‘ 
vided by prison baiklmg and 
refurbishment and a further 
4,300 are jrfanned by- 1988-89. 
Since June 1979 three new 
prison e st abl i sh m e nts , have 
been completed, five are under 
construction, a further six are at 
various stages of design and two 
areal the feasibility study stage. 

prison service manpower, is 
p lanned to increase by 1988-9 
by 2^05 officers and 613 .other 
Stafi; 4o swvice toe refurbished 
acco mm odation. - 

In foe passport department in 
1984-5 staff costs were £8.3 
miHifn i, . / 1 

Charges for 
drugs set 
to rise 
by 10p 

•' By Nicholas Timmins . 
Sodal Services 
Prescripttons'duuges look set 
to rise at least lOp to £2.1 Dp in 
April, with a further 15p 
increase to £2_25p next year, 
figures in the .White Paper 

ie increases are tiightly 
ahead of the presumed rate of 
inflatioh, .! per cent more this 
year, and roughly double' the 
expected rate of inflation in 
1987-88, but for smaller than 
the 25 per cent increase last 
year. „ ' 

Similar sized, increases in 
dental charges would be needed 
to match life'; income antici- 
pated to come from NHS 
charges, which is expected to 
rise from £362 million this year 
to£430 million by 1988-89. 

Spending on toe National 
Health Service as a whole is due 
to rise at about 1 per cent more 
thaw, the anticipated, pay and 
price increases, allowing the 
service to cope with toe growing 
numbers of the elderly. 

As in recent years money to 
meet technological advances 
and otherwise improve services 
will have to come from 
efficiency savings, which are 
expected to total £150 million 
this year and to be larger 
next veer. Competitive tender- 
ring for laundry, catering and 
cleaning, fervices is expected to 
contribute fognificantly to that 

Capital spending on hospitals 
is being eut in real terms, with 
increases of only 2.9 p er cent 
next year, against the expected 
inflation of 4.5 per cent, and 
increases in toe succeeding two 
iyears running just behind the 
anticipated inflation rate. 
Health authorities are expected 
to raise significant extra sums 
•from toe. sale of NHS land and 
buddings, including nurses’ 
homes, with receipts this year 
running at about £50 mMon. 

Overall 13,000 jobs have 
•been cut from toe NHS, almost 
all of them among ancillary 
.workers, with toe number of 
whole-time equivalent staff 
employed down to 816,000 
from toe peak of 829,000 in 



Deficit set to 
fall despite 

- By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 
The Government is counting 
on a dramatic improvement in 
tod financial performance of the 
nationalized industries to help 
meet its expenditure plans, 

• It "-estimated that the total 
cash' deficit of the nationalized 
industries will foil substantially 
daring the next four years, in 
spite of toe continued privatiza- 
tion . pro g r amme which is 
removing some of the more 
profitable industries from the 
public sector. 

- - The . amount of government 
finance needed to pay for losses 
fold investment will foil to 
£2,193 million this financial 
year from the miners’ strike 
infla ted figure of £3,827 million 

Looking -further .ahead, the 
Government expects that .the 
cash, deficit for the industries 
wfll drop to £529 million in 
1986-7, £67 million in 1987-88 
and that there will be a small 
surplus of £27 million in 1988- 

Public spending analysis 

E MJJton 

Defence 185 
Health etc 17.7 

Social Security 42.9 
. Education and Science 145 

Other 465 

Local authorities 355 
Nationaiisecl industries 0.96 

Central government 1C 
Other puttfc corporations 1.0 

Purchases of goods and services 34.1 
Transfers to businesses 65 
- • Transfers to people 505 

Department running costs 135 
Other pay 365 
- Payments overseas 25 




Public spending: cash cost 
and real value 

1 Cash 
iReal tarns 
'(1984-85 prices) 




£360m fall forecast in cost 
of Falklands operation 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

The real value of Britain's 
defence budget is expected to 
foil by at least 5 per cent over 
the next few years. This 
confirms figures published last 
autumn showing a small annual 
increase in defence spending 
which will rise from about £ i 8.2 
billion in the present financial 
year to £19 billion in 1988-89. 

However, on toe Treasury's 
assumption about inflation the 
real value of these sums will foil 
by about £13 billion. Because 
defence spending costs tend to 
rise by about 1 per cent a year 
more than toe general rate of 
inflation this Treasury forecast 

coukl be an underestimated. 

This delcine will be partially 
offset by toe feet that toe cost of 
military construction in toe 
Falklands, and of maintaining a 
garrison there, is forecast to foil 
from £552 million this year to 
£192 million in 1988-89. 

If spending in the Falklands 
is included, toe real value of the 
defence budget will decline by 
roughly 7 per cent by 1988-89. 
and by about 5 per cent if toe 
Falklands are excluded. 

Ministry of Defence sources 
point out that this is a slow rate 
of decline from a high plateau. 
On Treasury estimates defence 

spending has risen in real terms 
by about 30 per cent between 
1978-79 and 1985-86. On 
ministry estimates, which taW? 
account of the tendency of 
defence costs to rise more 
rapidly than toe economy as a 
whole, the increase over the last 
seven years would be about 20 

Mr Georae Younger, toe new 
Secretary of State, is thought to 
share the view of his prede- 
cessor. Mr Michael Heseltine, 
that this gradual decline can be 
accommodated without any 
significant shift in defence 


Increase in funding 
for universities 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

>Sodal sea>rity |£990m^ — j 

Employment ESIOm 
etc £320m 
n etc £290m 
Housing £290m 

Agriculture otc 2270m 
Home Office £l90m 

| Trade & Industry El 30m 
| Northern Ireland ETOm 

Foreign Office £60 Spending fa) 1986-87: 
Other environment £60ra how the plans have 
[Wales £30m 
[Defence £0ra 
Transport -£30m 

changed since the 
1985 White Paper 

Pubfic spending in cash terms by department (£ baton) 

1683-84 1984 - 88 1985-86 198847 1987-88 198389 
outturn outturn ut*rmd ptans plans plans 

Defence _ 

Fbreign and CommonwBalth Office 
European Community . ^ 
Agrtaituro. fisheries and food 
Tfedeand hdustry 




Other environmental services 
Home Office . 

Education and Science 

Arts and Libraries 

Health and personal sodai services 

SocW security 



Northern Ireland 
Chanceter'e departments 
Other departments 

Central privafisstkm proceeds 




















































































































* 12 























it chanps on previous year 







Hmoranduni Ham 

Qaneral government gross 
debt Merest 







Selective increases in funding 
for the universities and research 
amounting to £20 million a year 
over the next three years are 
announced in the White Paper 
which otherwise envisages re- 
ductions in education spending. 

Although expenditure on 
local authorities is being in- 
creased by 5.8 per cent in 1986- 

87 over the allocated total in 
1985-86, that is below the 
amount actually being spent 
this year. It amounts to £14,320 
million, an increase of £300 
million over the original allo- 

Figures for spending in 1987- 

88 and 1988-89 have been 
calculated by rolling forward 
next year's figures by two years. 
Local authorities* capital and 
revenue budgets are being cut, 
with the axe foiling particularly 
heavily on the school meals 
service. Spending on meals and 
milk is to decline from £426 
million this year to £280 million 
next year and in the years 

The plans assume big cuts in 
surplus school places and in 
teacher numbers. The Govern- 

ment wants to see student/staff 
ratios in non-advanced further 
education tightened to reach 9:1 
in 1986-87. Local authority 
capital spending, presently at 
£409 million, is being squeezed 
to £308 million next year. 

University spending is being 
cut in real terms by 1.6 per cent 
next year. Its current grant will 
be £1,413 million, but the grant 
to improve equipment in 
selected centres of research is 
being raised from £7 million to 
£10 million in each of toe 
financial years 1986-89. 

The science budget, which 
goes to the research councils, is 
to be increased by £1 5 million a 
year. Although the universities 
will receive an extra £21 milli on 
next year and in 1987-88, and 
an extra £24 million in 1 988-89. 

There will be more money for 
student grants because of 
increasing student numbers and 
a higher percentage of manda- 
tory grant-holders. Next year an 
extra £25 million has been 
allocated for this purpose, the 
year after £23.5 million, and the 
year after that £21 million. 


Coal board set 
to make a 
profit by 1990 

By David Young. 
Energy Correspondent 
The National Coal Board is 
expected to convert its recent 
biglosses into profits by toe end 
of toe decade. 

The Stale-run energy indus- 
tries - electricity, coal and 
nuclear - are expected to be 
running at an overall profit by 

1987- 88. British Gas will have 
moved into the private sector 
by the end of next year. 

The figures published yester- 
day show that toe miners' strike 
cost toe electricity industry a 
total of £2,020 million in extra 
oil purchases, but also show 
that the Department of Energy 
as a whole will become a 
revenue-earner in 1987-88 with 
a projected income of £550 

The Department of Energy 
will continue to set aside large 
sums under toe redundant 
mineworkers' payments 

scheme, £514 million in the 
current year, £486 million next 
year and then £270 million in 

1988- 89. 

The amount set aside for 

promoting energy efficiency v 
increase from £16 million a year 
to £20 million in 1987-88 and 


Famine relief spurs rise of 5% 

Britain wfll be giving more 
aid to poorer countries over toe 
next three years in response to 
toe sympathy generated by 

Live Aid and other famine 
relief appeals. 

rent 10^9 miflkni in 1986- 

87 and by another £100 mil R on 
and £140 million respectively in 
the two years following. 

■ Tite increase for next year Is - 
-£57 wrinirni, which is £17 
million more than toe Govern- 

ment had originally 
but still considerably less than 
the £90 mfllHW for which Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, had asked. The 
Treasury had wanted overseas 
aid to be rat, however. 

Britain's official contribution 
to emergency aid in Ethiopia, 
Sudan and other sub-Saharan 
famine areas In 1984-5 and 
1985-6 Is at least £177 million, 
of which £13 million was met 
by toe Ministry of Defence for 

By Patriot Gough 
planned the airlift 

nring Hercules 
aircraft of toe Boyal Air Force. 

Savings in cost and man- 
power in toe Foreign and 
C ommon wealth service on toe 
other hand, mean that commer- 
cial officers in embassies 
abroad are less aUe to find new 
export opportunities and de- 
velop new trade contacts. 
Instead, they are tied to dealing 
with requests from British 
firms for market advice and 
administrative support and 

finding agents and distributors. 
The country is also getting a 

“rather less comprehensive 

overseas coverage” in the 
political, information and 
consular fields because of toe 

In spite of a substantial 
increase in workload, running 
costs in the FCO have declined 
by 5 per emit since 1983-4 ands 
staff reduced by 11 per colt, 
compared with 1979. Further 
reductions are planned 


of aid 
for young 

By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 

Spending by the Department 
of Employment next year Is set 
to rise by £41million largely 
because of expanded pro- 
grammes to help toe young and 
the long-term unemployed. 

Total extra spending on the 
Community Programme (CIO 
which provides a year's work of 
value to toe community to 
those out of a job for more than 
12 months, and on toe 
establishment of a two-year 
Youth Training Scheme (YTS), 
amounts to around £600 mil- 

'Hiere will be some savings, 
mainly from the decision to 
abolish redundancy rebate 
paymeqfs to all companies, 
except those with less than 10 
employees. That payment costs 
£200 million annually. 

The department's budget is 
expected to rise to £3,741 
million in the next finan cial 
year as toe Government seeks 
to cut unemployment before the 
next election. 

Bat spending this year is 
likely to be around £25 million 
lower than expected because toe 
planned expansion of CP from 

130.000 to 230,000 places by 
May is likely to foil short by 

10.000 places. The larger 
scheme is planned to cost £71 1 
million compared with £581 
million last year. 

The YTS expansion from 
April means that around 

395.000 youngsters Mill join toe 
schfone at a cost of £790 
millron. It is to be widened to 
provide. a two-year programme 
of vocational training for 
unemployed school-leavers. For 
the first time 17-year-olds will 
be given toe opportunity of a 
year's course. 

The Enterprise Allowance 
Scheme is to be expanded from 
64,500 to 80,000 places,' and 
about £6 milli on extra is 10 be 
spent on expanding tourism. 

Small rise 

for homes 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Correspondent 

Net public expenditure on 
housing is planned to increase 
by a small prooortion over the 
next three years, according to 
the Department of the Environ- 
ment's spending estimates. 

That is in spite of a reduction 
in gross capital expenditure, 
and is the result of a reduction 
in the estimate of capital 
receipts form toe sale of local 
authority housing to its tenants. 

Capita] receipts are forecast 
to continue at a very substantial 
level, although below that of the 
past years, because many 
tenants who wish to buy their 
own homes will have done so 

The result is that gross capital 
spending for 1986-87 of £3.253 
million is reduced by capital 
receipts of £1,480 million to a 
net £1,652 million. For 1987-88, 
capital receipts of £1,480 mil- 
lion reduce the gross total of 
£3,210 million to a net £1.730 
million, and in 198S-S9 capital 
receipts (£1,340 million) reduce 
the gross capital figure of £3. 1 10 
million to £1,770 million. 

With total current expendi- 
ture planned to remain at 
£1,100 million, the expected 
outturn for the present year, toe 
department's total spending on 
housing is expected to increase 
from £2.742 million for 1 985-86 
to £2,752 million in 1986-87, 
£2,830 million in 1987-88 and 
£2,880 million in 1988-89. 

Gross provision for public 
expenditure on housing in 
1986-87 of £4,350 million 
shows an increase of £330 
million over toe provision for 
1985-86, while toe net figure of 
£2.752 million represents an 
increase of £220 million over 
previous spending 
• Tax relief on mortgage 
interest payments costs toe 
Inland Revenue £4,750 milliion 
a year, according to toe White 


authorities Tf" 

despite squeeze 

J*y Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

The councils, after years of 
centrally imposed squeezes, arc 
still spending for more than the 
Government thinks they 
should. Most of toe “over- 
spend" on current account has 
been in Labour's urban heart- 

The White Paper says that 
spending by councils per head 
of population has increased by 
13 per cent in London since 
1978 and by ninejper cent in the 
other main English metropoli- 
tan areas. Comparable increases 
elsewhere were 1 1 per cent in 
Scotland, one per cent in Wales 
and l.S per cent in the Eng l ish 

Co uncils in Great Britain 
expect to spend about £1.100 
million more this year than toe 
Govenunent wants. That figure 
refers to current Spe n di n g, 
which is financed from rates 
and government grants, and is 
about toe same as in 1984/85. 

The Government expects 
total council spending to be 
slightly lower in 1986/87 than 
in toe present financial year. 

v,- .. 

fully reclining 
frontseats; - 


steering comma 

zincplated brake Ijnes. ; . 4 '• 

Aerodynamical ly 
designed body. 

Front seat 
lumbar support. 

Slidingcalipers ' 
on front 
disc brakes. 



L_4:. Automatic 1 ' ’V 

: - 

Servo-assfeted -/■ •:.* V •; : 

brake? 4-. - >. V.-:-.. . 

As you can see, the Volvo 360GL is a lot of Two brake systems. Three rear seatbelts. Four wash/ 


Butitisn’talot of money 
In fact at£7,110 it’s the cheapest 2-litre S-door 
hatchback you can buy 
Did we say cheap? 

To: Volvo, Spri 

House, Mill Avenue, 

wipeas Five gears. And 14 OMts of rust-resistant j 

(Notto mention theotherl(X)featuresshown I 

3Sflaei¥»'.. rsv,/ ' ; 


No expense has been spared in the building 

■*» -f 

The 360GLis hilt around a welded box-steel of this car Which leads to the inevitable question, 

safety cage with crumple zones front and rear and How come it’s £713 less than a CavaBer 1.6S 

4 1 -- 

side-impact protection bars in both front doors. 

It has a high-impact laminated windscreen. 

GL and £731 less than a Sierra 1.8GL? 

We dorft know. We reatty don’t know. 

THE 1986 VOLVO 2- 

t --- 'vp- 





7 - 




Prime Minister’s offices 

From Say Kennedy, Johannesburg 

Troops of Lesotho's paramili- the paramilitary, force sur- An embassy spokesman 

rounded the Prime Minister’s . the message ■ could “’certainly 
residence and the offices of not he described as a warning” 
other cabinet ministers in the and Sir Patrick's fall “on 
centre qf .Maseru, .and i ordered instructions from London" was 
dental staff to leave. Workers ' “to express the view that we 
scurried into, the streets as the hope that the restrictions on 

toy force threw a cordon 
around the offices of Chief 
Jonathan, the Prime 
Minister. m the capital, Masertt, 
Tor five hours yesterday, bur last 
the government denied 
tbit there hart .. been, an 
attempted coup: ; ■ ; 

However, sources within -the 

Government insisted that a 

powCT struggle was taking place? 

^ Daamond Shushes Leso- 
tho s i Minister, of Information, 
mid -tan night that there was 
nothing astonishing” in the 
military movements, which 
were part of an exercise to check 


. He added that they were not 
in any way connected with the 
tough border clamps Pretoria 
has imposed on the liny 
mountainous kingdom which is 
wtally dependent on South 
Africa for essential supplies. 

The developments came 1 after 
the arrests on Tuesday of five 
Lesotho opposition leaders who 
l 3 ^ 5 last week with Mr R_ 
F. Pik Botha, the South African 
Foreign Minister. 

The state-controlled Radio 
Lesotho claimed the five had 
provided South Africa with 
advice “on how the Govern- 
ment of Lesotho could be 
brought down”. 

Last September Chief Jona- 
than cancelled a general election 
after the opposition Basuto 
Congress Party refused to 
contest it claiming h would be 
rigged. It would have been the 
firet poll in Lesotho since 1970 
when Chief Jonathan declared 
the results of its first post-inde- 
pendence election null and 

Yesterday about 100 men of 

in . systematic 
searches of offices. . 

The whereabouts of . Chief 
Jonathan and King Moshoeshoe 
11. the. head of state, who were 
to have met for lunch, were not 
immediately known. 

border -traffic would' be lifted 
and that both sides should 
embark on dialogue to resolve', 
their differences”. 

Mr Botha, the Foreign Minis- 
ter, reacted with typical blunt- 
ness and said the border 

South Africa began its border measures bad been instituted 

blockade on New Year's Day 
after the United Nations Secur- 
ity Council condemned it for an 
armed raid into Maseru last 
month in which nine people, six 
of them members of the 
outlawed African National 
Congress, (ANC) were killed. 

South Africa denied Leso- 
tho's claim that its troops were 
involved and the Lesotho 
Liberation Army, the militant 
■*ring of the congress party. 

because Lesotho was prepared 
to accommodate terrorists. 

“I would welcome It if the 
British Government could 
apprach the Lesotho Govern- 
ment on this important mat- 
ter,” he said. “At the same time 
it can also put pressure on the 
Lesotho Government to hold 
free elections." 

Late yesterday, several hours 
after the cordon around Chief 
Jonathan’s residence was lifted. 

which Lesotho claims operates the paramilitary troops were 
from the adjoining Orange Free still patrolling Maseru in- ar- 

State, claimed responsibility. 

According to South Africa, 
the clamp-down on the border 
traffic became necessary be- 
cause of evidence of an ANC 
build-up in Lesotho and the 
refusal of Chief Jonathan's 
Government to sign a pact with 
Pretoria aimed at forcing the 
ANC to abandon Lesotho as a 
launching pad for guerrilla 

Sir Patrick Moberlv, British 
Ambassador to South Africa, 
yesterday met Mr Ron Miller, 
Deputy Foreign Minister, to 
deliver a British Government 
message over the border closure 
and the resulting hardship for 
Lesotho. . 

moured personnel carriers. 

Tension in the small capital, 
which is adjacent to the border, 
remained high and South 
African refugees were reported 
to be fearful that they might be 
arrested and expelled from the 

Government officials were 
drawing up a list of emergency 
supplies they hope will -be air- 
lifted into the country , - 

Petrol has already- been 
rationed and food stocks are 
running out Electric power 
supplies from South Africa have 
been cut and the South African 
post office has stopped handling 
Lesotho mail, according 1 lb 
Government officals. 

Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and her husband. Prince Clans (right), receiving a traditional Indian welcome in 
Allahabad yesterday, during a 10-day tour of the country. With them is Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian Prime Minister 

Christians in Beirut tank clashes 

Gemayel fighters force a truce 

Beinit (Reuter) - Rival 
Christian militias have agreed 
.on a cease-fire to hall bloody 
lank and artillery battles that 
raged in east Beirut for at least 
10 hours yesterday, the Chris- 
tian Voice of Lebanon radio 

The radio, now controlled by 
Phalangist * fighters loyal to 
President Amin Gemayai. said 
the truce came after intensive 
peace efforts by the Phalangist 
parly leader, Mr Elie Kararaeh. 

Despite the truce, steady 
machine gun fire continued in 

the eastern sector as followers of .Mr Hobeika. 

Mr Geagea’s men and the 
former militia commander, Mr 
Fuad Abu Nader, was negotiat- 
ing a cease-fire. 

Asked about reports that Mr 
Hobeika had been killed. Mr 
Abu Nader said: “He is alive 
and we hope he will stay alive.” 

He added that pro-Syrian 
militias had attacked President, 
Gcmayal's mountain village of 
Biffaya 11 miles north-east of 
Beirut. “The Syrians at the 
moment are trying to put on a 
bit of pressure in an attempt to 
relieve pressure on the forces of 

“Lebanese Forces" militia chief, ■ 
Mr Elie Hobeika battled with 
those of his hardline chief-of- 
staffi Mr Samir Geagea 
Christian political sources 
said Mr Hobeika was trapped in 
his cast Beirut headquarters by 

Tanks, heavy artillery and 
heavy machine guns were used 
in battles that erupted in east 
Beirut and its hinterland at 

The fighting stems from 
disputes over a Syrian-brokered. 

agreement Mr Hobeika signed 
on . December 28 with- Druzc 
and Shia Muslim militia leaders 
an attempt to end Lebanon's 
civil war. 

Mr Gemayel has refused to 
endorse the pact, which reduces 
the President's powers and gives 
Muslims more political weight. 

The Pope appealed from the 
Vatican to Lebanon’s Christians 
to stop fighting each other, 
saying their common faith 
should encourage harmony. 

The Christian poliitical 
sou rses said Mr Hobeika's men, 
realizirig that the battle was not 
going theirway, had asked Mr 
Abu Nader to act as mediator. •• 

Residents said Mr Geagea 
sent 60 tanks and troop carriers 
down the coast road as fighting 
flared at the Lebanese Forces’ 
casl Beirut headquarters. 

Kuwait keeps Waite at bay 

Mr Terry Waite, the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury's special 
adviser, will nor be allowed into 
Kuwait to discuss the case of 
four American hostages kid- 
napped by Shia extremists in 
Lebanon, sources confirmed 
here yesterday. 

It is understood that Mr 
Waite would be welcome to 
visit Kuwait but not to take pan 
in any discussions linking the 
fate of the Americans with that 
of 17 Shias serving prison 
sentences for bombings in 
I983in which the US and 
French embassies were among 
the targets. Four people were 
killed in the American embassy 


Kuwait refuses to sec any link 
between terrorist - offences 
committed here for which, it is 
said, the defendants were 
sentenced after a fair trial, and 
extremist acts commitledf by 

From Denis Taylor, Kuwait 

Shia fundamentalists in Leba- 

Mr Waite's humanitarian 
mission was not raised by Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, during his talks here 

Kuwait, the most sensitively 
placed Gulf slate, was the final 
slop for Sir Geoffrey on his 
three-nation Middle East tour. 
He arrived here from Saudi 
Arabia yesterday and later left 
for London. 

Anxieties about the Iran- Iraq 
war arc particularly acute in 
Kuwait, which is only 30 miles 
from the frontline and in the 
past has suffered Iranian air 
attacks on its territory. 

Kuwait is the mast liberal 
Arab stale, with an elected 
Assembly, 66 newspapers and 
magazines which sell abroad as 
well as among the local 
population of two million, and 
by far the largest Palestinian 

population in the Gulf. But 
there is serious concern about 
security, internal as well as 
external. Shaikh Jaber al- 
Ahmcd al-Jaber al-Sabah. the 
Amir of Kuwait, . narrowly 
survived an assassination att- 
empt last May. 

Sir Geoffrey congratulated 
him on his escape during , a 
discussion on terrorism, against 
which the Foreign Secretary 
emphasized the need for an 
international stand. 

The Amir said he saw no 
prospect of an end to the Gulf 
war. and suggested that the two 
superpowers could do more to 
try to halt iu Sir Geoffrey 
replied that the influence of the 
superpowers must not be 
overestimated, but he assured 
the Ruler, and Shaikh Sabah al- 
Ahmed al-Jaber al-Sabah, the 
Foreign Minister, that as far as 
Britain was concerned trie Gulf 
conflict was not a forgotten war. 

flees mob 
in Chile 

Santiago, Chile (AFP) 
Senator Edward Kennedy, who 
intends to meet only opposition 
groups, had to use a military 
police helicopter to avoid right- 
wing, pro-Pinochet demon- 
strators who blocked his exit 
route from the international 
airport here' with iheir cars, 
hurled eggs, and attacked 
apposi tion figures. 

The chairman of the Chilean 
Human Rights Committee, 
Senor Jaime Castillo, was 
injured in clashes and the car of 
the Christian Democrat leader, 
Sefior Gabriel Ualdes, was 
battered with stones and sticks. 

Pakistan downs 
Afghan jet 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Pakis- 
tahfborder guards shot down an 
• A%han MiG21 jet ' when it 
entered Pakistan's air space on 
Tuesday, with three other 
planes, officials in the frontier 
city ofPeshawar said yesterday. 

Thfe. officials said the . fighter 
crashed on the Afghan 'side of 
the' mountainous border, after 
being hit by anti-aircraft .fire 
near Khariachi, 95 miles west. of 

German hunt 

Bonn 1, (Reuter)-A . West 
German. NCO ' with access - to 
classified information has been 
missing from his army unit in 
Munich for three weeks, the 
Defence Ministry announced, 
but it was too early to speculate 
whether the man had defected 
to the East The man’s wife and 
son were also missing. ' 

. I 

Short shuttle 

Washington - Tb'e : Columbia 
shuttle. 25 days late taking off, 
is cutting short its five-day 
scientific mission by a day and 
returning this morning to take 
advantage of the good weather 
forecast at the Kennedy sparfc 
centre landing site in Florida: 

Train attacked 

Maputo (Reuter) - Rebels 
opened fire on a passenger train 
travelling from South Africa to 
the Mozambique capital of 
Maputo, seriously wounding 
seven people, the official news 
agency reported. 

Right to bite 

Bahrain (Reuter) - A Bahrain 
court has declared a man who 
bit his mother-in-law in a row 
over moving house not guilty of 
assault, accepting his plea that 
he bit her in self-defence. 

first day 
for Cerezo 

From John Carlin 

Less than 24 hours after 
assuming power. President 
Cerezo ctf Guatemala yesterday 
met the presidents of Nica- 
ragua. El Salvador, Panama 
and Colombia, thereby drama- 
tizing Ms desire to play a 
dynamic role in the search for a 
Central American peace for- 

The meeting, due to end late 
yesterday, was at the invitation 
of President Cerezo, who had 
said in his inaugural address on 
Tuesday that Central American 
peace was a priority that he 
would pursue energetically. 

President Cerezo was ex- 
pected to urge on the Presi- 
dents the importance of the 
Central Americans trying to 
resolve their problems on their 
own. without foreign involve- 

His plans for the Central 
American region arc ambitions, 
but those for his own country, 
essentially aimed- at institutlo- 
nalhang drQfaui democratic 
rule, are felt by some to be 
almost impossible. One diplo- 
mat said yesterday that be 
would not bet on Seflor Cerezo 
completing more than two 
years ofh&fiyerfear term. , 

The biggest problem Senor 
Cerezo races, it is widely 
agreed, is - foe Guatemalan 
army, a notoriously ruthless, 
coop-prone institution watching 

President Cerezo of Guatemala (left) taking the oath of office, watched by his wife, RaqueL 
and the President of Congress, Senor Al fonso Cabrera. • 

warily from the wings after 31 
years of virtually uninterrupted 

The Army has already made 
one point very clear to Seftor 
Cerezo: it will not tolerate an; 
investigation into foe tens of 
thousands .of murders and 
.“disappearances” denounced 

by human a rights groups the 
world over in recent years. 

A. law was -, approved by 
Congress, just four days before 
Senor Cerezo 's inauguration. 

providing an amnesty for all 
those suspected of committing 
“common” or “political” 
crimes since March 23, 1982, 
the date on which General 
Efirflin Rios Mont carried out a 
coup and initiated a bloodbath 
against alleged collaborators of 
the country’s, left-wing gueril- 

Diplomats have said this 
remarkable law was part of a 
deal which Seder Cerezo made 
with foe outgoing head of 

Government. General Oscar 
Afofia Vlctores, aimed at 
bamshing the possibility of any 
Argentine-style - retribution 
against the Army. 

President Cerezo has. made 
dear that he is well aware, of 
the limits on his power and will 
not pars oe “revenge”, as he 
puts it. He has, howeverj 
spoken bravely against .the 
Array, denouncing the ' “tyr- 
anny” It presided over 

Moscow puts stability first as 
it takes sides in Aden battle 

By Rnpert Morris 

It is typical of the convoluted 
politics of South Yemen that an 
attempted coup by a pro-Soviet 
faction should be branded 
“counter-revolutionary” by 
Tass. the official Soviet news 

Yet this appears to be the fate 
of Abdum-Fatah Ismail, the 
former President of South 
Yemen reportedly executed on 
Monday, and his attempt to 
unseat his successor, President 
Ali Nasser Muhammad. 

South Yemen, once a British 

colony . sustained by Arab 
princes and boasting the thriv- 
ing Middle Eastern entrepot of 

State that needs food aid 

The People's Democratic 
Republic of Yemen (South 
Yemen), estimated population 
23 . million in 1983, is ode of 
the poorest Arab countries, 
with 1981 per capita income 
estimated' by foe World Bank 
at S460. (£320). Less than one 
per cent of the total land area is 
cultivated and . food . aid 'has 
been needed. 

' Aden was held bv the British 
from 1869 to 1967. In 1969 foe 

former guerrilla leader Salem 
Rubaye Ali took power and 
named it foe People's Demo- 
cratic Republic of Yemen. He 
was ousted and executed in 
1978 and ties with the Soviet 
Union, already dose; were 
consolidated. .A thaw in re- 
lations with Gulf neighbours 
and signs of a desire to lessen 
dependence on Moscow fol- 
lowed the inauguration or Ali 
Nasser Muhammad 

Aden, acquired independence in 
1967, and has since adopted a 
more or less solidly pro-Sovict 

But Soviet policy in this area 
the Middle East has shifted 
gradually over the past few 
' years towards the maintenance 
of stability, even al the expense 
of Marxist ideology. 

Thus in May 1984 when 
neighbouring North Yemen was 
threatened by left-wing guer- 
rillas, the Soviet Union’s 
response was to supply the 
Government with more arms 
and military advisers. 

North Yemen, which Yemen, 
which 20 years ago was a bogey 
country in Western eyes for its 
republican tendencies - when 
South Yemen and parts of the 
north were still royalist and 
conservative - has since moved 
towards a posture of resolute 
neutrality, still friendly with 
Russia but anxious to reach 
agreement with its pro-Western 
neighbours in Saudi-Arabia and 

South Yemen, by contrast, 
has been a volatile mixture of 
Marxist dogma and tribal 

Race ruling could free killers 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 
legally ry. because the justices ruled lion in deciding whether to 
that his subsequent trial and charge a greater or lesser 

offence, especially- in charges 
carrying death penalty. 

Arguments on this very point 
of view were at the heart of a 
case heard, by the court on 

Blacks cannot . be 
convicted if the grand jury 
■indicting them deliberately 
excludes members of their own 
race, the Supreme Court here 
had ruled. It had therefore 
overturned the conviction of a 
California man imprisoned 
since 1963 For the brutal murder 
of a 1 5-year-old girl 
The 6-3 ruling could open 
the way to reversing 
conviction of thousands 
murderers and other criminals 
who could show that their own 
juries sending them for trial did 
not contain- members of their 

own race. In this case the grand jtiry with strong evidence many of the 1,500 people in 
decision docs not necessarily of a defendant's guilt might be' death rows throughout the US 
free the prisoner, Booker- .Hilks- affected “by its racial 'compos- could demand retrials. 

conviction by a trial jury was 
fair. Legal experts doubt 
whether the ruling will lead to 
the actual release of criminals 
from minority groups. 

The justices unanimously Monday which is potentially 
affirmed that the exclusion of more far-reaching. This was an 
blacks • from a grand jury was • appeal by the slate f Arkansas 

unconstitutional. But they dis- against a lower court ruling that 

the agreed on whether thus violation, states do not have the right to 
» of of black defendants’ rights disbar jurors who would refuse 
" invariable)' meant their convic-' to convict a murderer if he 
lions should be overturned faced the death penalty. 

Justice Thuigood Marshall;. If Arkansas, one of 33 states 
speak! ngfor the majority, said a vetting potential jurors, loses, 

>f 1 


is waning 

From Roger Boyes 

Only about 5 per cent of 
Polish adults support the 
political opposition . to 
communism, an increasing 
number are disavowing their 
former allegiance ' to Solidarity 
and many . more . arc turning 
against President Reagan, and 
the United States. 

That snapshop of Poland was 
presented yesterday by the 
Warsaw Government’s chief 
opinion poll sampler. Colonel 
Stamslaw Kwiatkowski. who 
declared that many of his 
questionnaires showed that 
Poles were worrying more about 
economic problems than about 
political divisions. His findings 
also revealed that the Army 
now commanded more confi- 
dence as an institution than the 
Catholic Church and that 
General Jaruzelski. recently 
appointed Head of State, 
enjoyed a 71 per cent popularity 

The outlawed Solidarity 
union will almost certainly 
dispute Colonel Kwiaikowski’s 
analysis of the state of oppo- 
sition. Some 500 people were 
involved in gathering tbe 
information, the colonel said, 
and though there was a high 
percentage of refusals when 
passers-by were approached in 
the streets, many Poles ques- 
tioned in cafes or their places of 
work were co-operative. The 
samples were representative, he 

To gauge the number of 
people opposed to the Govern- 
ment, the centre collated answ- 
ers to several questions, for 
example: “What would "have to 
be done to change Poland for 
the better?”. Those who replied: 
“Change the Government" or 
“Change the system" and 
replied in a similar vein to other 
questions, were assessed us 
supporters of the opposition. 
They amounted to 4.5 per cent. 

That would mean that more 
than a million Poles were 
oppositionists - there arc 26 
million adults in Poland - but 
Colonel. Kwiatkowski empha- 
sized: “Not everybody who 
answers critically can be con- 
sidered an outright rebel". 

It seems clear that not 
everybody answered honestly 
about their loyalty to Solidarity. 
Last September 27 per cent of 
adult Poles told Colonel Kwia- 
towski's questionnaire that they 
were members of Solidarity 
before the declaration of martial 
law in 1981. By December last 
year that number had dropped 
to 23 per ccnL 

Some 47 per cent of the 
nation favoured punishing poli- 
tical opponents, 22.2 per cent 
were against such penalties. 
President Reagan's popukritv 
had dropped considerably over 
the past few years, the colonel 
said. Only 5.3 percent preferred 
President Reagan’s approach to 
the Geneva summit to that of 
the Soviet leader, Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov. Mr Gorbachov 
earned a 35.5 per cent approval 
rating for his Geneva presen- 

Chun says 
Seoul at 
crucial point 

From David Watts 

President Chun Doo Hwan 
believes that South Korea is at 
“a crucial point” in its national 
history, and must ■ have 
peaceful change of government 
when his term expires in 1 988. 

“The future or democracy in 
the country depends upon 
whether a tradition of peaceful 
change can be established al 
that time” he told a function 
celebrating the fifth anniversary 
of the foundig of his Demo- 
cratic Justioe Party in SeouL 

He also designated the 
bolding of the Asian Games this 
year and the Olympics in 1983 
as “national tasks”. Success in 
holding both these events would 
ensure South Korea's place in 
the community of advanced 

*By doing so, the whole 
nation’s stabilized development 
will follow and our supremacy 
over North Koeea will be 
confirmed, with brightened 
prospects for the Fifth Reput 
lie's achievement of reunifica- 

In an apparent swipe at the 
opposition’s signature cam- 
paign. calling for revision of the 
constitution. President Chun 
called it “deplorable” that there 
had been signs of the revival of 
the politics of “agitation and 
unlawfulness” in some sectors. 

After the President's address 
the meeting passed a resolution 
pledging to “smash any attempt 
to disrupt constitutional rule”. • 
Tbe Government, mean- 
while, indicted seven oppo- 
sition politicians -after two days 
of interrogation in connection 
with a scuffle in the National 
Assembly, last December. The 
indictments, were immediately 
criticized by the Opposition 
New Korea Democratic Party, 
which had been under the 
impression that a political 
rather than 'a legal way out of 
the impasse would be found. 

Altogether 17 members of the 
party have been questioned and 
there may be further indict- 
ments. Three further opposition 
members are' awaiting trial on 
criminal charges. 

Israel says Soviet Navy ready 
to warn allies of attack 

The Soviet Union has in- 
creased naval activity in the 
Mediterranean in expectation of 
an Israeli attack on Libya and 
will warn “countries who host 
terrorism” if Israel attempts to 
mount a military operation 
against them according to Mr 
Yitzak Rabin, the Israeli De- 
fence Minister. 

Speaking to an international 
colloquium on the Jewish press,- 
Mr Rabin said that there was 
much more activity by the 
Soviet fleet in the Mediter- 
ranean at the moment “to make 
sure that they can give a 
warning if something starts 
from Israel". 

He said that Israel would still 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
continue to attack the per- 
petrators of terrorist acts, but 
not necessarily immediately 
after an atrocity such as the 
attacks on Rome and Vienna 
airports. “We are not going to 
do the expected,” be said. “But 
we will still continue to fight 
one -long, hard war against 

He warned that no country 
which in any way supported 
terrorist organizations would 
have an excuse for immunity, 
“from the craziness of Libya to 
the weakness of Tunisia.” 

real threat to the very existence 
of Israel. At the same lime, we 
cannot trust their logic to sec 
things that way and we must be 
prepared to fight." 

He continued: “1 believe that 
any war wc arc forced to fight, 
we will win. 

• SUEZ; The US aircraft 
carrier Saratoga entered the 
Suez Canal from the Red Sea 
yesterday morning, heading for 
tbe Mediterranean to give the 
United Slates two carrier groups 
in the region (AP reports). 
ISTANBUL: A Soviet navy 

The biggest military threat to guided missile cruiser and a 
Israel came from Syria, he said, frigate passed through the 
“But Syria should _ know that Bosporus early yesterday cn 
Syria alone does not present a route to the Mediterranean 

Gadaffi sees crisis with US receding 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli, Libya 

After two weeks of mutually 
abusive rhetoric between Tri- 
poli and Washington, Colonel 
Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, has 
been gently suggesting to 
Libyans that the crisis with the 
United States may have re- 
ceded, at least for the moment. ' 
In a speech to the Arab 
People’s Congress - the official- 
ly-sanctioned “parliament” in 
Tripoli - he hinted that even if 
there was a military conflict 
between the two nations, it 
would probably be at sea, 
“hundreds of miles from 

The colonel is well aware, of now seems content to repeat his 
jurse- that President Reagan a — — 

threat to strike America “with 
its own weapons” - economic 
sanctions - while agreeing that 
the immediate danger of c 
conflict is over. 



could still launch a military 
strike against targets in Libya. 

All morning yesterday, Libyan 
MiG jet fighters . were flying 
patrols over Tripoli But neither 
the state-controlled Libyan ' He has ordered military 
press nor radio has given recruits, especially those from 
publicity to the incident earlier the Army and Air Force, to 
in the week when Libyan Jets report for duty while accusing 
reportedly shadowed American- conscripts who stay at home 
reconnaissance aircraft. The “near their mothers and grand- 
arrival of another US aircraft mothers” of being “traitors and 
carrier in the Mediterranean has cowards”, 
been pointedly ignored here. 

For his part. Colonel Gadaffi Cautious Gadaffi, page 14 

Shevardnadze presses Tokyo on SDI 

The Soviet Union has called 
on Japan to consider carefully 
where its own interests lie 
before malting a decision to join 
the American Stategic Defence 
Initiative (SDI). 

At the start of his visit 
to Tokyo Mr Ednard Shevard- 
nadze, the Soviet ' Foreign 
Minister, told his Japanese 
counterpart, Mr Shintaro 

From David Watts, Tokyo 
intent on showing Japan tbe 
smiling face of Soviet diplo- 
macy: as he was being filmed at 
the opening of his meeting with 
Mr Abe he walked up to 
television cameras and 

discussions as 

opening _ 

did and business-like. 


quiet, candi< .. 

A briefing for foreign correspon- 
dents was kept short and simple 
at the request of the Soviet side. 

congratulated foe Japanese on Mr Shevardnadze, ooenine 
Adult’s Day, a national holiday the .Soviet Unio^Tfirndg 
which coincided with his cussion with a Japanese Foreign 
ornval. Minister since 1978 said 

, Security for the visit is heavy political dialogue with’ Tam» 

Abe, that the Soviet Union but concentrated mainly at foe was very irnnanam arwfhl 
“•*■*"* stategiespots whererightr-wingers believed there was 
t , . . , - focus their formidable protests tial for foe dcveloomem nfcSd 

expect Japan to be critical of - around foe Foreign Ministry relations wifojSS?^fch^ 
SDL it was hoping to encourage and foe Soviet Embassy. foipg* ^ 

the Japanese to stay ont ■ The Japanese Foreign Minis- : con*iructive 
Mr Shevardnadze is clearly try described th? atmosphere of atmosphere candid 

considered SDI part of foe arms 
race. While Moscow did not 





seek to intensify 

Military links at s ummi t 

8 Baden-Baden, 
of the French 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

question of extending the Defence Minister, wnwrum^i 
French nuclear umbrella auto- nians last week fin- a bis Franco- 

1986 to 
r and of 

"zrS 5 V? French French nuclear umbrella auto- 
•*? vennany, matically to cover Wert Ger- 
meeting of many. 

JOTany, matically to cover West Gcr- German military exercise next 

year involving 150,000 men, 
x Nutter- The Germans are neverthe- md tiding the 45,000 members 
and the Wes t less dearly excited by the of die newly-formed French 
Helmut possibilities opened up by closer Rapid Intervention Fence, gorf 
nine the cooperation. HerrHans-DMarich 45.000 men from the French 

Uetman - — ■ „ . — * ~~ wuwu vy «* uw ucwij'iuihkm rrenen 

Kohl , Helmut possibilities opened up by doser Rapid Intervention Force, 

innnortaJSE 6 J? underlin e the cooperation. HerrHans-Okaricfa 45.000 men from the French 
Ornmn^iaMn-^ 086 Fiaiwo- Genscber, the West German . Second Army stationed in 
SffiSS, cooperation Foreign Minister, spoke in Germany. 

After - S 01111 1851 wsck of franco- It win constitute- the largest 

Misfmi Y ear tor German cooperation in defence joint military exercise under- 

uiMKidi relations, HsiIfmiiui v<.. . ■ . .3w— h_ t *.i « . ■ - 

nwtaKi.. ««-c*ied becoming the “nucleus of the taken by the two countries since 

< * V8r fog crystallization of a European the Second Warid War. 
dm I nitiativ e, defence policy". Describing himself as “very 

the rKSF “* hter aircraft ' Without such cooperation, he satisfied” with Franco-German 
-Agreement on went on, “the Europeans must military co-opertion, M Qcriles 
refiirm toe be satisfied for the indefinite said 20 important bilateral 

arv fbtrne with an unbounded dom- exercises had already tak en 

t~ ; — Luuuiy oncnaicu umuucuvreb uciuw rmmenral 

raatalSSrtl OZ?***^ towards' Washington and Mbs- levd. There had abobeen a a .. . . ^ -** i ^ ^ Dominican 

year for Buope." C °^ 3ennan ™ cxt ^!^ l , of senio i Victims of the Mali desert helicopter crash (left ta right): Francois-Xstviear Bagnoud, the pilot; pop star Daniel Badavome; Rcpubtic. fofiowed by Jamaica, 

WithtlwSSsi^^u/-^ ^S^^ ,thourhopesnor uistnictom .and - Nathalie Odent a Paris reporter: and Thierry Sabine, the Paris-Dakar rally organizer. . J-Bmarn and Iran. ■ . _ 

Britons top 


fv >VL- »V.- 

list in US 

/ FrwaMkhael Binyo® 
Washington ■ 

Britain was the only Euro- 
pean country among the top id 
sending immigrants to toe 
United States in 1984, accord- 
ing to the latest statistics from 
the US Immigration and Natu- 
jrafizatUm -Service. . 

: - iipTaipanM from Bntam 
were the mirth largest group- 
numbering 1:3349 out of the 
total Inal immigration ox 

• The. total was slightly down 
-on the 1983 figure of 559.763. 
but: the- top. four on the list 
remained unchanged: Mexico, 
with 57,557 immigrants, the 
Philippines. 42,768: Vietnam, 
37,236; .. and. . South Korea 

33,042. India came next, over- 
taking which had been m 
fifth place in 1983, ' In sixth 

n*. — ~:-r- w . «ur uiccresra. trainee officers. 

nowrS.«SS I S?H on m S P I ,_ Herr Genscher also expressed Apan fiom intensifying their 
conntn ^ the view that “fresh interests in mffitary cooperation, France 
dn^h«n22Si en ^v te °° mucb security matters are inseparable and West Germany win also be , 
3? “BPS toilrtaiy co^- from those of the Ftedral seeking this year to revive their i 
diw-n««{ra» ^ C . Possibility of Republic", adding that those traditional joint role as the 
a 1 S^S?;?LSj ve i );! ^. ent rf '{‘torcsts “do not start only at “motor of Europe” and to 1 
t defence on the Rhine, but already at the lanncb new bilateral project in 

^ ^ «, Fmd , ar - * 

Court ruling bars Greens 
from secrets committee 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

mS . . . lowing day showed signs of relishing an example of the way bour- 

envwonmentaliste, the Greens, the row - except, peria ps, the gcois institutions conspire 

social democrats (SPD)J^ler- ^inst fi. Christian dSio- 
a^ne^ about wither their ship, which wants to fight a oat politicians phrased that 
. *» trusted with moderate election campaign anothSway by churning that 
ccmfid enria l information about next . year and is worried about the court ruling justified the 

i any^idcnlification with radicals, belief that toeGreens owed no 
l PD P*#* bovver. „ allegiance to toe Federal Repub- 
r by a vote of through the motions of con- tic’sinstitutioiis. 

6-2, ted rejected a complaint by derailing the decision. 

the Greens about their having Herr Otto Schffly , one of the T™ 5 court’s judgement said 

- Nathalie Odent a Paris reporter; and Thierry Sabine^ the Paris-Dakar rally oiganizer. 

Five die in Paris-Dakar rally air crash 

Paris (AP) - Thierry Sabine, 

reporter for the French 

rounder and Organizer of the radio station Europe Nol who 
Paris-Dakar car and motor- ' visited the crash site said the 
cycle rally, the French pop star helicopter apparently hit a 
Dairies Balavoine^ and three sand dun* after flying some 90 
others were killed on Tuesday miles over completely ' flat 
in a helicopter crash in fee country. 

Matt desert, M Sabine's Paris . "The craft disintegra ted and 
office announced yesterday. Ac. bodies -of the occupants 

It said that in accordance were finns out, .he said, 
with Thkny Sabine’s wishes . M Sabine aged 36, a veteran 
the 9300-mile rally would of desert exploration by car, 
c o ntinue to its finish at Dakar, founded the Phns-Dakar rally 
on January 22. . eight years ago, and It has 

A statement said the beiicop- grown into a big adventure 
t o- cra shed five miles from event, outside the framework of 
Gourma-Rhahons, about 60 world championship rallying, 
utiles from Umbuktu. and the ; This year he had some 520 - 

aid of the day’s stage from entries from car, motorcycle 
Niamey in Niger. M Sabine ft and ' lorry ' competotors and 
added was flying low to ensure. Some 480 actually started from 
toe safety of competitors after a Versailles, near Paris on 
heavy sandstorm had. blown January 1, facing the worst 

(brought the day. 

African -terrain of deserts and 

the Greens about their having 

jangle that. JVf .Sabine could 

find . 

The event has become as 
well known in France as the 
old-established Tour de Drance 
cycling race, and 300,000 
people tamed out to see the 
sartof the rally. 

But - the event also nosed 
increasing controversy in 
France, with protests over the 
display of wealth, in poverty- - 
stricken -countries. 

M Bafntine, aged 33, com-, 
peted in the Paris-Dakar. rally 
in 1984 but was following ft 
this year to support the water 
pump project. 

Discovered in 1978, he won 
the “Diamond Prize” of French 
pop nntsic in 1982. Inst year, 
he became closely involved in 
fund-raising for the Ethiopian 
famine appeals. 

The- other victims of, the - 
crash were named as Nathalie 
Odent, aged 25, a reporter fipr 
toe Parte Sunday newspaper 
Journal de JDi mkach e, - radio 
journalist Jean-Paul le Fur, 
both French, and the Swiss 
pilot. Franatis-Xarier Bag- 
Bond. . 

M Gerard Fusil, * French 
radio reporter who went to the 
crash stee, said he understood 
the helicopter hud tended once, 
in a had sandstorm, and then, 
took oft, following the head- 
lights of a competing car; 

“Unfortenafley, they didn't 
apparently - notice the car was. 
climbing up fust <3nf l dune, 
about >3 yards high, after the 
95 miles of fiat country. The 
helicopter hit the sand dune 
and disintegrated^ They were 
killed instantly.” 

Britain and Iran. 

• Britain' has been the leading 
European source of immigrants 
for the past nine years, over- 
taken last in 1975s, when 
Portogal hcaded the fist. In feet 
Britain-sent more immigrants in 
1983 - 14,839 - but ranked 
twelfth on the fist. The figure 
has remained Surly constant 
suggesting that lies of culture 
and- language have more to do 
with Ow trend .that any sudden 
worsening in the economy, the 
usual reasons for large-scale 

The. next hugest group of 
white immigran ts in 1984 was 
West Germany, with 6,700, 
followed by Poland, with 6,400. 
The Soviet Union has also been 
high -on the European list in 
recent years, as a large number 
of Soviet Sews settled in the US. 
chang in g their status from 
refugees to immigrants. 

The statistics show the 
continuing : trend of immi- 
gration from Asia and Latin 
America rather than Europe. 

The court's judgement said 

been excluded from the parha- best-known Green MPs. said ^ *ere were “compelling rv i i* ^ 

memary committee on the the court's action was “a defeat na ^ ns " «*y. public | JllmlTl 2SKS 

budget One of the committee's for parliament”. Other Greens weifero” required that the *^**«““ 
powem is to oversee the pointed out with glee that the proceedings of the committee, 'FT' 87 1 . 

financing of the intelligence recent security scandals, such as w ° cn dealing with the secret fv r> %, , iUl 

services. the defection to the East of the asr™*, should be confidential. . 

The composition of (be counter-espionage official, Herr Somcnewspapers, including the p/irtfin hllilfkll 
committee is ultimately deter- Hans Jochen, and spying by an uberal Frankfurter Rundschau LUUU1UUUU11 
turned by vote of the pariiamen- alarming number of secretaries wh w* depkuirf the court's From Richard Owen 
taty majority, which at the in sen strive departments, had «* on ’ pointed out that toe «S3m« 

moment is u tevour of keeping nothjna to do with the Greens. Greens bad only themselves <to zHrasoourg 

the Greens off it The benefit of their more blame because many of them Mr Dick Spring, Deputy 

Most participants in the radical followers, the Greens said that the state should not Prime Minister of the Irish 
quarrel, for and against, yester- were able to depict the ruling as have any secrets. Republic, yesterday appealed to 

Tamil tea workers 
win status battle 

From VpuYapa, Colombo 

gets 7 years 

EEC for 

Gorbachov undermines Brezhnev's man 

Anti-corruption drive reaches Ukraine 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

. From Richard Owen The ruthless puree of ineG- Gorbachov came to power last of the region's economy and years. Agriculture ourprn was 

Strasbourg ficient Communist Party March. “violations of party discipline”, also reported to be senously 

Mr nif4r Cnrin'o, rvnii'ttj officials ordered by - the new The latest dismissals were The seriousness of the investi- below target ana toe constnic- 

Primp Kremlin leader, Mr Mikhail seen as of particular significance gation was demonstrated by the sector criticized for the 

Gorbachov, has now spread to because they came in the run-up decision of toe Sovi-* Union's poor. Quality of new schools and 

the EEC a 'U* the power bare of to next month’s party congress chief prosecutor, Mr Alexander hospitals, 

proposed intemtatroaa] . fond Mr Vtedimir Shcherbitsky, one at which it is predicted that Mr R^kunkov, to travel from -n, c diplomats have been 

for «?nnrmife mrmiKtmcffrm in of the few_ remaining member .Gorbachov wifi, work to_en»- Moscow to attend _ fo, signs about how 

for economic reconstruction in 

RCkunkov, to travel 
Moscow to attend 

The diplomats have been 
watching for signs about how 

both N nrthpTn Inland an d the of the Brezhnev old guard left in neer toe replacement of Mr Mr Rekunkov. aged 65. is toe sooa ^ ciorbachov, aged 54. 
M* to torul^PoUtoro.* 1 ™ ^ Shcrhertrttelcy «d » otter author of a htoj3S£og attack ST (TabSw ctahSc to 

Anglo-Irreh Accoid signed last , ach abitsky. aged 67 is a Politburo members. Mr Vllaor on eomyrncB J"Aich«n»n m remaining opposition in # the 

-I»*j siuuuci uiuto.y 7 u/ Dd i vuiuuiy uiwuhmAi im t uuui vn vuuu^uvu ui rClliaininR OppQSlllOP. lO UIC 

Ukrainian born into ajUkrai- ■ Grishin, toe recently retired the latest edition of Kommimist. ^mfin hierachy. There have 
nian worker's family. Aldose Moscow party chief and Mr the party’s monthly journal He recent hints from US 

Larnaca, Cyprus (Reuter) — A Sri Lanka’s decision yester- 
caurt hoe jmled a 26-y«ff-pId to grant citizenship to 
Palestinian, Sami Anis Naten 94,000 tea plantation workers of 
Nasr, for seven years alter he indfow origin has ended a 
admitted trying to swugpe problem whicto has afiected 

Sri Lanka’s decision yester- cotmtries in an agreement in 
day to grant citizenship to 1974. Natural increases in the 
94,000 tea plantation workers of Tamil population were alsc 
Indian ' origin has ended a covered by both agreements. 

An Anglo-Irish delegation is of Mr Brezhnev, he is Dmmukhamed Kunayev from 

visting the United States to seek credited daring his long career Kazakhstan. . . 

American contributions to toe Joined , the party m. 1941) . Rccortly,. Mr Shcherbitsky 
fund. Mr Spring, addressing toe wlh *“^8 done much to incased ha vulnerabtoty by 
tKo. prevent any maior upsurge: of. voicing veiled criticism of Mr 

arms hidden m Chianti wme relations between Colombo and 
bottles on to a Swissair flight to Delhi since Sri Lanka gained 
Jordan on December 17. independence in 1948. 

The necessary legislation will 
Qfnr mifelf AFC be presented in Parfiamenl next 

* 3UU UUUVCi a month. The Ce^on Workers' 

Livermore, California (AFP) Congress, whose 400,000 
- Researchers at Lawrence members began halfday prayer 

Bat .more applied for Sri 
I an Iran than for Indian citizen- 
ship. Some who applied to Sri 
Lanka were refused citizenship 
and then applied to India, 

IIUIUi HM UUIIAJA) QlWIl ViWI 1 IK tell* w ~ - — • ■ m ., _ . > - / _ 

Socialist sroupof the European prevent any major upsurge of. voicing veiled criticism of Mr and profit* 
Parliament, said he honed- the Ukrainian nationalism. He took Gorbachov m a speech which widespread. 

over. as. party chief in toe took. exception to thegencrally “One has 

$250 million (£170 million) and Ukrame m 1972. a year after positive tone of public com- unpleasant 
$500 million.' and that the SC beconnng. a member of toe menlaiy inside the Soviet The probler 
would also make a substantial Pobtburo. - . Umon about toe outcome of parasitism 

contribution. Pravda disclosed tins week last . November’s Geneva come were 

claimed that in the 1970s and 
early 1980s, toe later years of 
toe Brezhnev era, some party 
chiefs had permitted corruption 

sources that he was encounter- 
ing some difficulty. 

The position of Mr Grishin 

Md profitreiing tb bewmc in the Efron* Politburo has 
widespread already been undermined by nis 

took exception to the generally “One has to say frankly that enforced retirement from his 
positive tone of public com- unpleasant trends have arisen, influential poation as etnet of 
menlaiy inside the Soviet The problems of drunkenness, the Moscow city party, and his 
Union about toe outcome of parasitism and 'unearned in- wtances of holding on to his seat 

November’s Geneva come were aggravated”, the. nfoch longer are considered 

that several senior Communist summit At the time he called chief prosecutor wrote. 

and then applied to India, "Mr Spring said Violence in Party officials had been sacked . for a Soviet military build-up 
bringing itetotel to 506,000. But Northern Ireland 'and border or reprimanded after asperial and provoked uncertainty about 
94,000 who had been turned areas over toe years had meeting in Kharkov, the second toe '.levd oi support he had 

down by Sri Lanka did not I brought about destruction of 

in the republic - 

for a Soviet military build-up The main reason given for 
and provoked uncertainty about the discipline meted out in toe 
the levd or support he had Ukraine was production losses 

Livermore National Laboratory sessions on Tuesday to press *PP*y. ^ . ln 1 dia ^v® I property, unemployment and which until now has managed 

say they created a “tiny little their demands, said they wul-be remained stateless. L economic depression “on a. to avoid. the sweeping changes 

within the party. 
According to 

that Tamils who are to be 
repatriated to India under toe 

say they created a “tiny little their demands, said they wu-be remained stateless, 
star" using lasers to produce called off today. Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 

fusion energy. For a bilhonth of Nearly a mfflion Tamils of Prime Mmteter, said this month 
a second, they approximately Indian origin, including <te- ^ Tamfls who are to be 
duplicated foe temperatures and scentoteoftocse brought m by repatriated to India under the 
pressures at toe centre of stars the British under the colonial agreements will not be accented 
by aiming 100 trillion watts into administration to w ork on the 1 00,000 Sri Laniram 

a spot toe size of a pinpoint. “ refugees in South India are able 

• to nSnrn to toe island. 

Dangerous kiss In 1964, Mrs Strima Banda- The Indian High Com- 

u»rri« im Michimn /Apt - a rana ^ c * t * lra Prime Minister, missioner in Colombo, Mr J. N. 

fixM came 10 8,1 asreenwm with toe Dixit said yesterday India 

“ 3 ~ yea ^ ~?j^ r Bidian Prime Minister, Lai would stand oyfaT comnut- 

rnrnww Bahadur Shastri, whereby meats and grant citizenship to 

^ granted Indian citizenship and applied, but could not give a 

^viSS^asSulL^S ^ 300,000 Sri Lankan ri^CTShip. which they woSdbe 

« OOofiiSOOy About !S0 *9P° who werc not repatriated. He said 421J07 
freed on }5,uuu (i^suujoaii. covered by the agreement were people had already been given 

shared out between the two Indian citizenship. 

of up to 200 million roubles 
Pravda, the (£185 miflion) in the region’s 

sweeping changes Kharkov meeting was called, to important vehicle-building 


Those who believe that the 
position of Mr Shcherbitsky is 
alro seriously in question note 
that the campaign against Mr 
Grishin began with outspoken 
criticism of officials operating 

Prime Minister, said this month any other part Europe . 
that _ Tamfls who are^to be He ^ tfae ^^* 0 ^ 

scale almost unimaginable in I in toe bureaucracy since Mr discuss mistakes in toe running industry over the previous five ' within his party power-base. 

sB&MteSs XgdfSLfflSa Sunto 

until toe 100,000 Sri Lankan 

ara-fsas «S3s- 

to return to the island. 
The Indian High 

on $5,000 (£3,500) bail. 

Verdict date — ; — 

Delhi (Reuter) - The judge in OpPOSltiOll Chief 
the Indira Gandhi murder trial • t 
set January 22 for the verdict on 1H ElDCIla OH 
the three Sikh defendants . 

accused over the assassination tTCaSOIl CfiATfiC 
of foe former Indian Prime 0 

Minister. The hearing began in 
May last year. 

cation es: reconstruction in 
Ulster, cross-border projects 
and aid to areas south of the 
border afiected by the troubles. 

Mr Spring added that such 
aid should be u nconditional 
and there was no question of 
toe United States demanding 
endorsement of its sanctions 
against Libya before providing 
money for the proposed fund. 

?L. h Monrovia (AFP). - President 

'J2? hcann 8 bcgan “ Samuel Doe, who became 
May last year. Liberia’s civilian l e ader earlier 

this month after five years 
DniSS SWOOP heading a military regime, 

, M .._ , AP x , preach, announced a new government 

Iu ^^US ( 1£cotics F ^ “■ 

C S^wS5ll9 l a3toiw to He was also quoted, by state 

tefiSS^rf^S^aflacto of S the°^S l 

operaiion_ne«^«v“ poopte Meacwfai]e . ^ Justice 

Electricity Auschwitz film clip 
missMre found in Moscow 

Bonn (Reuter) - Two West they interviewed him in Mos- 
Bonn (Reuter) - An official German film-makers yesterday caw during a hunt fra: mi s s ing 
US report into a fetal fire presented newly-discovered film of Auschwitz, 
involving the rocket motor of a Bhn clips of Auschwitz conccn- The scenes from toe : camp 
Fertoing 2 nuclear in nation camp which, had re- ware interspersed with a filmed 

West Germany has concluded traine d in the archives of a interview of the cameraman, 
that static electricity caused the Soviet cameraman for 40 years, who told toe couple he had still 
accident, the West German The II minutes of aikaxt film, not overcome the horror he 
Defence Ministry said yester- taken by Alexander Vorontsov experienced when he entered 
day. after Soviet troops liberated the camp- with the Russian 

It said US. Army unit in Auschwitz' in January 1945, forces, 
charge of toe missies had been includes shots of children Mr Vorontsov said toe 
exercising with dummy rockets staring fearfully at their rescuers liberators were greeted with fear 
since the accident occurred on and scenes of mass graves found rather than ■ jubilation 'as the 
January II last year and would by the Russians. inmates at first took them for 2 

continue to do sound! technical The film-makers, Irmgard Nazi execution squad, 
modifications now under way and Bengt von zor MuehJen, The film, shown at a press 
had been cornffleted. • said that .Mr Vorontsov had preview in Brain, is to be 

Three US soldiers were killed j givcK them toe film, never 
and nine, injured when the first I before shown in public, when 

said that .Mr Vorontsov had preview in Brain, is to be 
given them the film, never handed over to. the US Holo- 

i film clip Danes face 
Moscow y vote 011 , 

they interviewed him in Mbs* ElITOpe IDle 
caw during a hunt for missing FromClurndophcr Follett 
film of Auschwitz. Copenhagen . ■ 

The scenes from the camp T . . . . . ... . . 

were interspersed with a filmed **' K ntererom^y likely that 
interview of the cameraman, "™ ma ri c wB^bwd a refer- 
who told the couple he had still oidum m bue^ February on toe 
not overcome the honor he proposed. EEC tgxonus agreed 
experienced when he entered 

the camp- with the Russian - Mr.Poid. -Schluter, the Con- 
forces. servatrve Prune Minister and 

Mr Vorontsov said toe le ® dfir °f <b»» centre-right min- 
liberalors were greeted with fear ? nt3 L. < ¥!™ a '^ J 33 ? foreatened 
rather than • j nhihrf mn -jjg fog totwt Daunanc-s mtnre role in 
inmates at first took them for 2 the EEC to the electorate -unless 
Nazi execution squad *h e reforms receive, majority 

The film, shown at a press key jrariiamehlary 

preview in Brain, is to he dehate on January 21- 

said the 
i with fear 
10 as the 

Nazi execution squad. 

The film, shown at a press 

hoe, six in Italy and six in New 

Meanwhile, toe Justice Min- 
ister Mr Jenkins Scott, said 

stage rocket motor of a 

medium-range Pershing 2 ig- . . - 

nited as ft was being hoisted + -4VT) irtr |\ 

from a shipping crate at a US “vf x\#x 1 7 

base near Hcflbronn in south- Bonn (Retuer) - West G 
German y w many has agreed to c 

The Bo nn Defen ce Ministry, Luxembourg DM12 nriffi 
publishing extracts ofa final US <£33 minion) compensation i 
Aroiy report into toe aaaifent, citizens forced to fight for Nj 
Mjdexte^ve tests had conr Germany and those who join 
firmed, interim conclusions of the wartune resistance, office 
last April that a freak discharge of boto countries 

caust Memorial Foundation. 

£3m for Nazis’ victims 

Bonn (Reuter) - West Ger- Luxembourg Prime Minister, 

— ^ -g -j and former Finance 

l/gj(lll fll 1Z1 Ellen Johnson-SrieaJ 

Ope Town (AFP) - Jeanette chBgd with tre»m 
van der Westouizen, believed to ’ 

be South Africa’s oldest woman, # 

has died at toe age of 121, L i|;a 

relatives said. Born in the town I fv 

rfCalvinia in 1864, she left 
more than 100 desc e n d an t s. 

any has agreed 10 pay Mr Jacques San ter, toe spokes- 
iixembourg DM12 otilhon man said. 

33 miifipn) condensation for Details have yet to be worked ! 
tizens ftrced to fight for Nazi out, but a senior official in | 
ermany and those who joined Luxembourg said the fbun- 
e wartune resistance, officials dation would probably provide i 
’boto countries said. care for elderly former resist- j 

A West German Government ance fighters and citizens forced | 

Star^SSTlASC Johnny, a 2571b gorilla, taking a deep hrrath as Dr Axdrew ^ PS n t £ >V SSSf SS'SSw 

Ellen Johnson-SirfeafL bad been Sutter, a veterinary surgeon, listens to his heart during an Nuclear warheads were not wood be used to estabiSTa About 10,000 Luxembourg 
charged with treason annual check-up at / : a Zoo, New Orleans. involved in the accident foundation in Lmtembomg Sob forced imo 

1 j — 11 devoted to ^general humani- Hiller's armies in the Second 

. m 1 1 a J • TV 1 • tarian and social purposes”. World War follow' 

Five taxi robbers executed in Peking ,sssG&gi£5z& 

W O IvtnmHi 11 Tklnl Dn-k A 1 .— . 

tarian and social purposes". 

World War folio 

the Nazi 

This surprise move came 
after the announcement by Mr 
Anker Jorgensen, the oppo- 
sition Social Democratic leader 
and former prime minister, that 
his. parly, which is Denmark's 
largest, could not accept toe 
reform package. He said this 
was mainly because it gives the 
European Parliament too much 
say in Community afiairs, and 
I threatens Danish ecology con- 
trol and environmental policies. 

Observers here predict that 
any vote would be a cliff-hang- 
er, but expect it to be marginaflv 
favourable to foe Luxembourg 
reftaro* A Gallop poll pm£ 
fished rher this eek showed 55 
per osm of Danes in favour of 

Tfae Chinese authorities have 
— . . , a launched a new campaign 

Darts attaCKS against attacks on ted drives 

Brandon, Florida (AP) - A 

teo^tes been accused here ■"SSjHSjTiB* 5SL 


AVfln sted-nwed •W^of toi most 

seven peotAe. aged from mrato ££»dk of 

61, police y Piggy fi«l 

out how he got the weapon. The exaentfoaa wm carried 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

robberies last year were given a Meanwhile 
suspended death sentence, life press contimu 

Agreement was reached in invasion in 1940 and toe Grand Denmark's staying in thePPir 
principle last November at talks Duchy’s incorporation into the which it joined with Britain 

hetwM-n OtanrHTW U.lmn, Thirrl Rnrk ihn.., ^d 

dartemto SSS 

seven peotite. aged from raiteW of 

6 i, a«i police ™ Piggy fi«l 

out how he got toe weapon. The execations were carried 

- out at a public rally. Three at 

rVour rPSifUGu those executed had robbed and 

Crew haled a ta» driver while the 

The Hs^ GtoutrtV-Duttt othw ^ ^ -wcamded a 

Navy helicopters remc«j£' driver, cansing him to crash Us 
seamen after virdent stores ^ ^ then robbed hhn of 60 

drove their carga si^, 

the 15,000-tan Rio Grande, Three other men who had 
aground on the coast near ncre- «— afite 10 taxi 

and five years in prison 
respectively. The newspapers 
said there had been only one 
case of taxi robbery in the 
previous 35 years. 

Taxi dri vers are especially 
vulnerable because they are 
usually paid in forei gn ex- 
change certificates (FECsX toe 
much sought-after currency 
used by foreigners in China. 
Their preferencie for foreign 
passengers, who mast pay m 
FECs, has also made them 
highly unpopular with tbeir 
cuiutiiymen who can only pay 
in re nminbi, the Chinese 
uuieiiLy. - v • w -s -K v y' £ " 

Meanwhile foe party-run 
press continued to publicize the 
campaign against conniption in 
the party and government 

"yesterday, foe People’s Daily 
carried two front-page articles 
on the campaign- One, a 
c omm en t ary entitled “The 
whole c o u nt r y is looking on 
Peking”, lectured cadres in the 
central G ove r nm ent and party 
offices on the need to set a good 
example and stop indulging in 
“empty talk”. 

The second was a joint 
cficnlar from foe Central 
Discipline Inspection Gom- 

misskui and the Central 
Cnmmissipn for Political Aff- 

airs and Law (which oversees 
the courts and police is 
headed by Mr Qiao Shi, who is 
also leading (he top-level 
rampa ig n agsmrt com ip tkii i. 

The cheater condemned 
swindlers and speculators who 
had tricked people by nshig foe i 
slogans “opening to the outside 
world”, “invigorating the econ- 
omy” and “reform”. It also 
alluded to “some leading 
cadres’ children who became 
the tools and shield for 
Huang's criminal activities*'. 

Diplomats here 'said there ' 
were no signs so ter of any 
change in contacts with foreign | 
businessmen as a result of toe 
new drive against c o m o pt i on. 

between Chancellor Helmut Third Reich. About two-thirds 
Kohl of West Germany and the axe estimated to have survived. 

toe Irish Republic in 1973, and 
45 per cent against. 

Fusion research accord signed 

(Reuter) _ - The The research centres in- power from nodes 
Co mm u ni ty, the volved are the Jnint Pnmwi, will he nm-Msru 

Munich (Reuter) - The 
European Community, the 
United States and Japan yester- 
day signed an agreement to co- 
operate: on research into har- 
nesssing nuclear fusion energy 
as a potential source of power 
for commercial e ne r g y gener- 

The accord. negotiated 

The research centres in- power from nuclear fusion it 
volved are the Joint European 1 *al b® necessary to develop 
Torus nu cl e ar fusion reactor at suitable technology anj 
Q i lham in Britain and simihr prove economic viability,” she 
institutions in Princeton in the udd senior officials from th- 
US and Naka-Machi in Japan. three sides. 

*xeaitive_ director, European Community sci- 

through the Paris- 1 
national Energy As 

Mrs Helga Steeg, said at the ence and re sear c h ministers 
afflimg ceremony at the Max agreed in 1980 to spend about 
ganck Institute for Plasnm (£240 million) on toe Culham 

1 - 4 —. YML _ . . — * — wing v— M iMi nf / vu U 16 vumam 

rorer- rnysicsthatnsing costs made ft reactor, wtucto is intended as a 

involving rwcarA centres do- nudearfiision energy alone. nmnity ay 

unposrible for any single conn- p rec ur s o r of a new breed 

veloping unclear fusion. 

energy atone. mnnity officials say might be 
- Before ^we v can ' produce ^ operational in the next century. 



1 -WiwJWTa 



Why is Britain’s nursing 
being run by 
people who don’t 


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know their coccyx 


ir humerus? 

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Unless you work in the National Health Service, 
you’ve probably never heard of the Griffiths Report. 

Yet it’s changing the structure of Britain’s health . care 
more radically than ever before. 

Because the Griffiths Report said that the NHS could 
be run more efficiently. 

It also recommended that what the NHS needs is 
more managers from the business world. 

And that is just what’s happening. Health Authorities 
all over the country are bringing in executives to run 
hospitals, clinics and health units. 


Britain’s nurses don’t object to a more efficient 
Health Service. After all, who knows the NHS s limitations 
of manpower and resources better than we do? 

What we object to most strongly, however, is the 
exclusion -of nurses from -any management decisions at all. 

In more and -more health areas, nurses are given no 
say in deciding nursing policy. And, though administrative 
posts are theoretically open -to all -applicants, if a nurse takes 
one, she is often -offered a lower salary than a non-NHS 
applicant, and loses some pension rights. 

Nursing for nurses 

We’re well aware that administrators are capable of 
running laundries, canteens, cleaning or the other ancillary 
services in a hospital. 

But we wish the Health -Authorities shared our view 
that accountants and. administrators don’t know the best 
bed for a severe burns case, or 'how many -night staff are 
needed to run a busy intensive care unit. 

We accept that a professional administrator should run 
a hospital. But we passionately believe- that only nurses can 
run nursing. 

What we want to-see-is -a -director of nursing in-every 
hospital, clinic and-health unit, .working with the adminis- 

trator. A director of nursing with the experience to judge 
nursing priorities and the- power to make decisions. 

We think it is the only way to guarantee a National 
Health Service that is efficient, cost-effective and caring. 

Tf you think we have a point, please add. your name to 
our petition by sending us the coupon. 

And, if you’re as worried as we are, please write to 
your Member of Parliament now (the address is the House of 
Commons, Westminster, London- SW1A OAA). 

r « -r& I agree. Nursing should be_run by nursesTl 



___ I 

Please send to the Royal College of Nursing | 
Petition, 20 Cavendish Sq., London WlM OAB. j 







John Russell Taylor reviews^ 
the Reynolds exhibition 
which opens at the Royal 
Academy today 

To be merely 

A dimension of nncnascioos 
absurdity: detail from Charles 
Coote, First Earl of Bettamont 

Extra spark from the exotic detail 
of the Indian nnrse in George 
CUve and kts Family 

For the last 10 years or so, as we have 
worked our way through major 
retrospectives of such eighteenth-cen- 
tury British luminaries as Gainsbo- 
rough, Stubbs and Richard Wilson, 
voices have not been lacking to 
observe, with a maddening air of 
authority, that of course the real 
revelation was going to come with the 
long-promised, long-planned Rey- 
nolds show. Then, supposedly, we 
would fully appreciate that Reynolds 
was not only one of the greatest of all 
English painters, but a figure of 
European standing, which was more 
than you could really say about 
Stubbs or Gainsborough, was it not? 

Well, then is now: the big Reynolds 
show which opens at the Royal 
Academy today and runs until March 
31 assembles more than 160 example; 
of his workmanship, most of them 
large and highly finished canvases, 
plus a lot of illustrative material, in 
the shape of contemporary satires on 
Reynolds produced by jealous fellow 
Academicians and more or less 
scurrilous prints showing the baser 
sides of the grandees that Reynolds 
celebrated with perhaps excessive 
dignity in his portraits. 

The version of the show 1 noticed 
in Paris a few months ago was an 
altogether more modest enterprise - 

68 pieces in all - and allowed one 
honorably to suspend judgement. But, 
if we cannot reach some kind of a 
conclusion about Reynolds's meaning 
and importance to the late twentieth 
century on the strength of the current 
London version, then we might as 
well give op altogether. 

The first thought suggested by the 
show is, alas, that it is desperately 
unexciting. There are, no doubt, other 
qualities just as important as the 
ability to produce an instant shock of 
delight, but without that first pleasur- 
able impact it is hard to persuade 
visitors to look very hard for deeper, 
more elusive values. If we compare - 
invidious but inevitable - Reynolds 
with Gainsborough we shall find that 
Reynolds is curiously bereft of the 
more intimate graces: there is little 
obvious sensuous delight in the use of 
paint (even such as we see in 
Rembrandt, one of the young 
Reynolds's acknowledged masters), 
little attempt to penetrate the 
character of sitters in portraits, little 
interest in backgrounds except, 
sometimes, as elaborately composed 
stage sets, and hardly anything which 
could pass as charm. 

Even the children, for which 
Reynolds has often been praised at 
the time and subsequently, are often 

curiously stiff and unlifelike, stock in 
improbable or indeterminate poses 
which suggest mainly that Reynolds 
was unduly incommoded by not being 
able to get them to sit still for long 
enough. (This is probably not the true 
explanation, since examples of his 
famed speed and fluency of execution 
are far from lacking, but still there 
seems to be some personal awkward- 
ness between Reynolds . and his 
younger sitters which shows.) . . 

This means, as perhaps befits the 
first President of the Royal Academy, 
that Reynolds stands or falls as a 
painter in the grand manner. It is 
interesting that several unfinished 
paintings are included tb show the 
stages by which his own version of the 
grand mann er was arrived aL From 
Mrs John Spencer and her Daughter, 
apparently the product of one sitting, 
we can see that sometimes at least be 
worked up the feces in some detail 
before bothering about the rest of the 
composition at alL 

As against this there is a selection 
of tiny sketches for complete compo- 
sitions - mostly, it is true, of the more 
intricate group portraits - and other 
paintings, like Lord Rockingham and 
his Secretary, Edmund Burke, which 
show the feces left, as monochromatic 
sketches while the rest of the 

iposition is filled in by various 
riafist assistants, one maybe for 
; tand^eape, another for the still-life 
on l t£^table, with the feces left until 
last for the master’s touch. 

So, Reynolds's technique is admir- 
ably thoroughgoing (though occasion- 
ally he comes a crop p er through 
experimenting in media given to 
rapid deterioration). But where does 
that leave us with the end-product? 
There are some fetching details, 
particularly of the dogs who prolifer- 
ate around the feet of his English 
gentlemen (with Mr Peter Ludlow, it 
seems, almost as many sittings were 
reserved for the mountainous dog as 
for his owner), and there are portraits, 
mostly of men, mostly of close 
acquaintances of Reynolds; which 
have a sudden freshness and insight: 
notably the middle-aged James 
Boswell and the spectacularly myopic 
Guiseppe Baretti. But many of the 
grand machines fall a little flat, or 
leave one coldly admiring, unless, like 
the peacock Charles Coote First Earl 
of BeQamont overwhelmed by his 
plumes and flounces as Knight of the 
Bath, there is a certain dimension of 
unconscious absurdity. 

Indeed, one cannot help wondering 
whether Reynolds was exactly over- 
burdened with a sense of humour. 
Apart from the caricatures which 

make it difficult to take Reynolds's 
portraits of the same people without a 
pinch of salt there are too many 
pictures like Charles Jama Fox, Lady 
Sarah Bunbury and Lady Susan Fox 
Strangeways where a minimal sense 
of discretion might have suggested the 
silliness of having the piggy Lady 
Susan quite so soulfully, literally, 
illustrate the young Fox's verses to a 
pigeon carrying a letter to his love. 
For that matter, what one takes to be 
a perversely modern. Captions Out- 
rageous reading of The Duchess of 
Devonshire ana her Daughter which 
assumes she is about to give the 
unfortunate child a resounding slap 
proves to go back a very long time. 

So, are there no surprises in the 
show? Vey few 1 think. The intricate 
allegory of Russian power arising in 
The Infant Hercules (summoned bock 
from the Hermitage) is spirited, and* 
The Archers (Thomas Townshend and 
Colonel Adand) is a highly mannered 
and quite exceptional' attempt to 
render violent movement which 
actually works. A few of the groups, 
like George Clive and his Family. ■ 
seem to catch an extra spark from 
some exotic detail (the Indian nurse 
in this case). In truth, almost all is 
admirable. But, when real passion and 
real humanity are lacking, the merely 
admirable is hardly enough. 


Guided tour of American hells 

American Buffalo 

Old Red Lion 

David Mamet is in the business 
of guiding us through American 
hells. We have been taken 
around the hell of cut-throat 
real estate in Glengarry Glen 
Ross, the hell of sexual fantasy 
in the recent Edmond Ameri- 
can Buffalo was the play that 
brought him before British 
audiences and its particular 
inferno, the lives of small-time 
crooks in present-day Chicago, 
comes to London again in a 
crisp and sizzling new pro- 
duction by Robert Walker, first 
seen last autumn at the Swhn 
Theatre, Worcester. 

It is a loveless world, without 
noticeable redeeming features. 


...and ^ > 
Sundays too 

yet it is made engrossing (much 
of the time) by Mamet's highly 
accomplished dramatic drills. 
There are snatches of cross-talk 
worthy of an exchange in Godot. 
where the desirability of send- 
ing out for a muffin, and 
whether or not to have jelly on 
it, are choices that give momen- 
tary relief from the corroding 
worries of making a deaL 
Quoting these is not easy since 
one of the participants sees his 
world in exclusively defecatory 

Mamet's dialogue moves like 
-the surface of an alarming sea. 
Waves of rage smash over the 
voyagers; deceptive calms may 
punctuate the storm, often very 
funnily, but moving towards us 
in the depths come krakens of 
the nastiest temper. 

On to the stage of this Islington 
pub theatre the designer, Anne 
Curry, has assembled a spectacu- 
lar mass of man's shabbier 
artefacts. Broken umbrellas hang 
from the ceiling alongside 
bunches of lampshades. Junk of 
ai! kinds spills across the floor - 
but in a tray of small rubbish a 
customer lias found the coin- 
collector’s equivalent of gold, a 
rare nickeL The plan to recover 

this coin is the thread that 
activates the play. The seemingly 
assured Donny, owner of the 
shop, wants it back so he can geta 
better price; the dimmish Bobby 
wants to help his friend; and the 
venomous Teach demands a 
share of the profit and the 

Significantly, it is the value 
of a footling coin that lies at the 
heart of this degrading world. 
“Deadline-USA" reads a tom 
film ad on tile counter. 
Friendship and loyalties are 
buckled and lied about as these 
petty crooks circle each other 
for vantage points, in dialogue 
that itself goes round in. circles. 
The characters even circle the 
piles of junk. A wilderness of 
deception is uncovered between 
Mamet's two extremes of 
“Things are not what they 
seem” and “Things are what 
they are’’. 

I was much impressed by 
Gary Powell’s laconic shop- 
owner and acknowledge with 
respect the seething power in 
Peter Attard's Teach. Adrian 
Rawlins was over-parted as the 
lad, but looks right. 

Jeremy Kingston 

■a £„ fl it*N « rtlona ’ 0p *” 1 




« a da*ri« tk,nS 


Simon Boccanegra 

Co vent Garden 

Few are likely to see a revival of 
Verdi’s Simon Boccanegra as an 
attractive alternative to the new 
Otello originally scheduled for 
this month, although all sym- 
pathy goes to the Royal Opera 
House over the circumstances 
which forced the change. First 
there is the matter .of Filippo 
Sanjust’s six-year-old pro- 
duction of Boccanegra, which 
Covent Garden would be wdl 
advised henceforth to lock away 
in a dark cupboard. It is a moot 
point whether Sanjust’s staging 
is less inspired than his own sets 
and costumes or vice versa. The 
main distinguishing marie of the 
whole package is its overall lad; 
of distinction. 

To befeir, this week's revival 
under Richard Gregson has at 
least attempted to put a little 
flesh on the miserable skeleton. 
The lighting is much improved 
and some of the principals have 
brought in their own costumes. 
The final scene at least has a 
flight of steps down which 
Boccanegra stumbles in his 
death-throes and the white 
wedding of Gabriele and 
Amelia reaches towards some 
kind of grandeur. 

Covent Garden’s first task 
was to redeploy as many as 
possible of the principals 
contracted for the Hi-feted 
Otello. By chance the resulting 
cast of Boccanegra is substan- 
tially the same as in the last 
revival three years ago. At the 
helm is Rena to Bruson, who for 
some time has been c h al le nging. 
CappucciQi for supremacy in 
the title role. Bruson now paces 
himself with great. . artisoy . 
through the part, saving his 
vocal resources first for the 
Council Chamber Scene, which 
has him perched high, above the 
warring factions of Genoa, and 
then for the final death by 
poisoning, which has him 
gazing out into the Mediter- 
ranean that brought him both 
ferae and fortune. 

There is more than a touch of 
Boris Godunov now about 
Bruson's introspective Bocca- 


A daughter reclaimed: Kiri te Kanawa and 
Renato Bruson as Amelia and Boccanegra 

negra. It is not merely the 
histrionics of the death-agonies 
but the feeling of isolation that 
be stresses so artfully. During 
the action of Boccanegra Simon 
has really only two relation- 
ships: first with his rediscovered 
daughter Amelia and finally 
with his adversary Fiesco. 

Kiri te Kanawa has changed 
her girlish Amelia into a more 
substantial woman, with a 
darker hue to the tones. She 
overcame routine accompani- 
ment from the orchestra to 
produce silky, rippling sound in 
her seaside cavatina “Come in 
quesfora”, and her final floated 
“PaceT in the Council Cham- 
ber ensemble was exquisite. 
Robert Lloyd’s Fiesco, another 
survivor from the 1983 team, 
was just as impressive, with a 
bass as black as his cloak. Lloyd 
and Bruson together made 
much of the reconciliation 
brought about by death. Jona- 
than- Summers, repeated his 
brutish Paolo. 

The- novelty of this Bocca- 
negra was to have been Placido 
Domingo’s Gabriele Adorno. 

That would have been a 
collector’s item indeed as it is a 
part he has never sung on 
and it is over ten years since 
recorded iL In feet a Boccanegra 
with a world class tenor is a 
rarity in itself with the Gabriele 
usually drawn from the second 
tier. Alas, Domingo was des- 
tined to stay in a Madrid 
hospital rather than tread the 
palaces of Genoa. His replace-, 
meet, Giorgio Merighi, has the 
stature for the part but his voice 
too often sounded steely and 
uncomfortably bard. Edward 
Downes in the pit began 
anxiously, with over-emphatic 
brass and some uncertain 
ensemble; the final two acts 
found him in much better form 
and more in sympathy with the 

Later in the spring Renato 
Bruson goes to Naples in his 
own production of Boccanegra. 
He will have learnt quite a lot 
about how not to stage it Then 
follows Sir Peter Hall at 

John Higgins 

Urban grotesquerie 

After accusations of “TV Orgy” 
in. the headlines, of the popular 
Press, it was With a mounting 
sense of expectation time one 
watched Howard fewten'fe 
Dead Bead (BBC2& described 
by the BBC itself as, 'fan old- 
style thriller' for today**. Cer- 
tainly it began with some Grand 
Gtdgnol credits- and. the first 
episode. Why Me?, introduced a 
cockney “villain” .who. might 
have walked all the /Way from 
Ealing Studios. In that sense 
the narrative was deliberately 
dose to parody, even if those 
elements of cari cat u re were 
placed rather disconcertingly 
within some very reafistSc scenes 
from contemporary life. 

The effect was like that of a 
comic strip brought violently to 
life: this gave a melodramatic 
edge to the proceedings which 
meant, for example, that this 
first episode became a panor- 
ama of urban grotesquerie. 

The direction, and lighting, 
not to mention the acting and 
the musk, all served to reinforce 
the impression of London as a 
place of smoke and . of dark- 
ness. A severed head in a box 
was, under the circumstances, 
only to be expected - although it 
did mean that thou: aspects 
closer' to realism were, in a 

literal sense, overshadowed- 
j For si milar reasons Ho warn 
Brenton’s script was at its jest 
'when it aspired to a a *^ t . „ 
hhmk-verse cockney, combining 
lyricism with demotic whimsy; » 
was less effective, howefej^ 
when it tried to make points 
about police corruption, raoai- 
' and so on. It is difficult to 
combine Gothic and polemic, 
even on television, and the 
policeman quoting Eliot was a 
mistake-. . _ 

Despite this occasional air ot 
seif-conscionsness, however. 
Dead Bead is stfll far superior 
to. the general run of socn 
thrillers. In particular, D*™ 8 
Lawson was excellent as Eddie 
Cass: with a complexion so 
sallow that it must have been 
“cured” by generations 
dgaratte smokers, and with a 
maniwr like that of a whippet 
about to be shot for insubordi- 
nation, be makes a perfect anti- 
hero. As for the “TV Orgy” « 
the- newspaper headline s, the 
most startling scene occurred 
when Eddie Strew a telephone 
into the fire - an incongruous 
effect never previously seen on 
television. Anything might 
happen in the next episode. 

Peter Ackroyd 


Monteverdi Choir/ 

Queen Elizabeth. Hall 


Dave O’Higgins 

Bull?s Head 

In the course of a single solo, 
delivered from the ranks of the 
National Youth Jazz Orchestra 
at the Jazz Centre’s ill-feted 
royal gala almost a year ago, 
Dave . O'Higgins establis h ed 
himself as a saxophonist on 
whom to keep a close eye. At 
the time, one hoped that his 
handful of bars had provided 
tiie' watching Princess- of Wales 
with a glimpse of the idiom's 
deeper mysteries, so assiduously 
hidden during the bulk of the 

Now O'Higgins has gradu- 
ated from the NYJO academy 
and is to be found at the helm of 
his own quintet attempting io 
estab lish himself among, the 
: bright' young -feces currently r 
lighting up foe London scene. 
An hour in the group's com- 
pany this week confirmed that 
original impression, showing 

him to be not merely a 
potentially remarkable individ- 
ual but also a thoughtful 

It sometimes seems that 
every tenor saxophonist m the 
world under the age of 50 also 
doubles on the soprano instru- 
ment, a fashion initiated 25 
years ago by John Coltrane. 
Few, apart from Coltrane and 
Wayne Shorter, have derived 
true benefit from the extra 
range, and although O'Higgins’s 
work on the. smaller horn was 
certainly well matched to the 
sprightly lyricism of Chick . 
Corea's “Armando's Rhumba”, 
it was not in the same league as 
his outstanding tenor solo in . 
Tidos”, a piece by the group’s 
trumpeter, Steve - Waterman.. 
Here, beginning out of tempo' 
.but responding to the accelerat- 
ing pulse of Alee Dankworth's 
bass and Richard Newby's 
drums,' O'Higgins varied his - 
firm lone with precocious 

Waterman, too, has plenty to 
say. his roots reaching back 
beyond fashionable influences 
into the hot bebop style of Fats 
Navarro and Howard McGhee. 
“Coral”, Keith Jarrett's lustrous - 
ballad, became a feature for his 
love of contrast, while the 
machine-gun bursts and jolting 
silences of *Tidos” gave evi- 
dence of his compositional 
imagination. Together, trumpet 
and tenor state this intriguing 
theme with the crackling zest of 
a Horace Silver band. 

The succulent chord se- 
quence of a tune called “Nearly 
the Chosen One” showed 
O'Higgins, too. to be a skilful 
writer, and in this instance the 
chief improvising beneficiary 
was the group’s pianist. John G. 
Smith, whose pleasingly com- 
pact solo developed from 
featherweight treble lines ‘to- 
cascadcs of biuesy chords with 
impressivq logic. _ 

Richard Williams 

U is . ho longer much of a 
surprise to be offered Beetho- 
ven's Missa solemnis done by 
small forces, but it was still 
quite a shock on Tuesday to 
encounter a performance so fast 
and joyous: John Eliot Gardiner 
must have come near breaking 
records with his tuning of 75 
minutes. At that sort of speed 
there is inevitably tittle room 
fin- profound contemplation, 
wi thin or around the music; but 
this became a negative feature 
of the music only in the Kyrie, 
which did not seem so very 
momentous, and of course in 
the prelude to the Benedictns. 
There was no wisdom in this 
weighty polyphony; we were 
children shining torches guile- 
lessly into a gloomy sacred 
interior, and not understanding 
its purpose. 

But the clarity and vim of the 
performance also brought much 
freshness and delight, especially 
in the Gloria and the Credo. 
The opening of - the former 
movement, taken daringly fast 
was ‘a firework- display of 
rockets shooting up in D major 
brilliance, and the Credo pro- 
fited from quick contrasts of 
volume and style that brought 
out Beethoven's immediate 
response to the text. His skating 
over large stretches is famous: 
“filioque", the subject of 
anathema and schism, is 
gabbled as quickly as possible 
(almost more quickly than 
possible in this performance). 

and then only by the choral 

Where Beethoven did con- 
cern himself with the text. Mr 
Gardiner presented the music 
almost as if it sprang at once, 
quick and alive, from a first 
reading. The "Et incamatus'*, 
with its warbling flute and 
treble register so prominent in 
this chamber-musical context 
seemed a deliberately artificial, 
glossy picture of the Annunci- 
ation. in telling contrast with 
the strongly affirmative treat- 
ment given to .the words that 
follow; “et homo fectus est*\ 
Here was one of several 
occasions where Patrick Power 
provided a tenor of lialianate 
.warmth but also of complete 

Among the other soloists, 
Barbara Bonney was a bright 
soprano, though not on her best 
form, and Willard White, too. 
had moments when his 
sonorousness deserted him. 
Diana Montague, though, was 
undemonstrative and firmly 
centred at the heart of the music 

The -Montcverdr Choir were 
heroes in tackling this heavy- 
weight work at a sprint: they 
sounded only a shade less 
exultant at the end than at the 
beginning, and the sopranos 
threw out all their high As as ii 
there were no problem to them. 
The orchestra suffered slips that 
could hardly be avoided in 
these exposed surroundings at 
this speed, but there was much 
joy from the brass in particular. 
Only the- Elizabeth Hall oigan 
sounded mean-spirited. 

Paul Griffiths 

Claude Helffer 

Wigmore Hall 

Claude Helffer is one of those 
pianists with an almost legend- 
ary reputation, due partly to his 
celebrated recordings of some of 
the most difficult piano music 
ever written (the sonatas by 
Boulez and Barraque, for 
instance) and partly to his rare 
concert appearances, over here 
at least. 

To judge from this sensa- 
tionally ear-opening recital, 
Helffer has no intention of 
settling down to a quiet life just 
yet He chose to round out the. 
evening with two pieces by 
.Xenakis, Mists (1980) and 
Evryali (1973); Xenakis’s music 
is remarkable for its blend of 
elemental power and precise 
calculation, but its fearsome 
technical difficulties tend to 
keep it .out of the concert hall 
Mists consisted of huge, roaring, 
turbulent .clouds of sound,' 
.swirling, over the entire range of 
the keyboard and offset by 
tense, crystalline little note-cells 

and sudden silences; Evryali 
was built out of a ferocious 
interaction of sound-strata, 
outwardly bread but inwardly 
complex. Helffer’s command of 
the idiom was staggering. 

At first I felt that Helfler’s 
tendency to hard-edged sonor- 
ities was not going to suit 
Brahms's early Sonata No 3, Op 
5, whose big five-movement 
structure took up the first half, 
but his playing had such inner 
clarity that the music was made 
to sound fer less turgid than it 
usually does. 

Six of Debussy's PrHudes 
(from Book' 1) made an 
intriguing upbeat to the Xenakis 
items. I .found Helffer’s- angular 
approach to- the quicker pieces 
rather hard to get on with, but 
his account of La Cath&dralc 
engloulie was spellbinding, with 
magically evanescent opening 
chords and great power in the 
central organ um-iike section: 
Debussy’s visionary cathedral 
finally sank back into the 
depths of tiie piano's . bass 
register with uncanny vividness. 

. Malcolm Hayes 


Janet Smith 

The Place 

Not many struggling small 
companies would go to the 
expense, as Janet Smith does, of 
using - six musicians when 
playing in a theatre as small as 
The Place. However, there is no 
doubt that having the music 
played live contributes to the 
pleasure of the programme 
running there until Saturday. 
The choice of composers ranges 
from Bach for Gift Clarke’s 
pleasant, well-crafted but some- 
what bland Chaconne (from 
Paniia No 2 for violin, but 
played as a guitar solo by Colin 
Downs), to two Two-Piano 
Sketches by Billy JenJtins for 
Smith's duet Hear & From Far. 

Jenkins, tiie programme in- 
forms me, came to prominence 
in the punk era of the late 
1970s, and his sketches have the 
titles Donkey Droppings and 
Cooking OiL The former (or 
maybe the latter - how does one 
tell?) accompanies some relent- 
lessly cheerful dancing by Smith 
and Sean Walsh .in fimny 
costumes; to the other they are 
serious jn black. r . 

Those two short pieces come 
in the middle of the evening; 1 
should have welcomed 'some- 
thing with more bite at ihat 

point to set off the attractiv 
nostalgia of the opening an 
closing works. The Former, Fit 
as a Bird, uses classic America 
blues and jazz. The unorthodc 
tempo of “Let’s do it" thre 
me, but no other complain 
about the small enseipble led fc 
Nicholas Kok, piano, -wit 
Michael Law as vocalist. 

Dan Wagoner’s choreograph 
neatly shows off the dancer 
personalities in slightly unfan 
iliar focus, with an occasion: 
obeisance to the words bi 
generally, even in “Miss Ot 
Regrets” setting them shan 
often disconcertingly uncxpci 
ted sequences both funny an 

Smith's - Face the Music (th 
music in question being b 
Robert Russell Bennett an 
Irving Berlin) adopts a raor 
anecdotal form to evoke perk 
humour and post-depressio 
wistfulness of the America 
1920s and 1930s. but is at it 
best in a shrewdly comic quarts 
to “Change Partners" and in 
lively sequence for Michw 
Noble with Ann Dewey an. 
later two extra women, Ai 
enterprisingly eclectic choice c 
designers makes the most c 
limited resources, and th. 
company of seven dances wit] 
well-matched individuality. 

John Perdvi 





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A t seven o'clock on Monday 
/» m ornin g Mr Shimon Peres 
Xm eme rged, finom Israel’s Ion- 
cabinet meeting with a 
j™ write on his tanned face. “The 
of Israel is the victor", he 


Prime Minister of 
pr obab ly the strangest coalition 
*£*J5rninent any democracy has 
^ cted .'?9 uld have been less than 
hnman if he had not fat himself to 
Ob tte real victor. After 12 hours of 
relentless _ argument, insult and 
compromise, he had forced his 
enure cabinet to accept an outline 
Pjan for peace with Egypt, including 
ideas his political opponents had 
rejected out of hand less than a 
month before. 

With this triumph under his belt, 
c -. Per 5? 000165 to Europe on 
Sunday for a visit to the Nether- 
lands, Britain and West Germany, 
where he will be urging support for 
Israel s war against terrorism and 
lay ing d aim to be recognized as a 
statesman capable of bringing peace 
fo the Middle East. 
g Political victory is not something 
for which Mr Peres has gained much 
°£ a reputation in the past. As leader 
of the Labour Alignment, he lost two 
elections and could only manage a 
draw at his third attempt in 1984. 
Inside the Labour movement itself 
nc twice lost contests for the 

In a country where dirty linen is 
regularly washed in public, Mr Peres 
has been one of the best customers 
in the laundry. He fell out with the 
giants of Israeli politics - David 
Ben-Gurion, Golda Meir and Moshc 
Dayan - and, most damag ing of all. 
he aroused the bitter animosity of 
Mr Yitzhak Rabin, the former 
Labour leader and Prime Minister 
who still sits in the inner cabinet as ' 
Minister of Defence. 

As a civil service arms dealer, Mr 
Pores was a secretive and unknown 
personality until he finally managed 
to climb to the top of the slippery 
pole of politics. However, be was the 
sort of man who attracted the most 
far-fetched and ridiculous rumours. 
For instance, because he carefully 
and deliberately kept his family out 
of his public life it was said of him 
that he did not appear in public with 
his wife because die was a Moslem. 
.Among the more ludicrous false- 
hoods it was said his mother was an 
Arab and he was branded as a traitor 
and a PLO agent. Mr Rabin damned 

him in his autobiography as “an 
indefatigable schemer". 

Although little was really known 
about him, he was accused of being 
publicity mad and riven the 
nickname “Shimon publicity" - a 
pun in Hebrew on his name. But 
despite his reputation he would have 
little to do with the public relations 
experts called in by his party to try 
to improve his image. 

Of himself he says; “Deep in my 
heart I'm convinced that I’m 
incorrigibly shy, but I must reconcile 
myself to the feet that many claim 
I'm also a man who tends to leap 
forward - almost an arrogant man. 

“I am certainly srimolaied intel- 
lectually and emotionally by people, 
'situations and visions and tend to 
react to them rapidly, sometimes 
almost hastily. But I am virtually 
incapable of revealing myself com- 
pletely. I suppose it stems from 
bashfulness, although others believe 
it's the result of cold calculation.” 

H e believes that the public 
do not like &t leaders, so 
he eats sparingly, despite 
the gourmet tastes be 
cultivated during his long and dose 
relationship with France. He prefers 
Armagnac to Cognac and enjoys a 

Mr Peres loves reading and 
writing and has learnt to speak 
French, English and German well, in 
addition to the Polish he knew as a 
child and the Hebrew he -now 
regards as his mother tongue. He 
also has a soaring imagination which 
foresaw Israel's need for an atomic 
reactor and guided missiles at a time 
when the country was generally 
thinking no further than building an 
agrarian economy. 

He has had some zany ideas, such 
as leasing French Guiana in South 
America as an Israeli colony or 
forming a government of prominent 
Jews from all over the world, 
including Dr Henry Kissinger. He 
dreams today of building an 
irrigation canal fed by desalinated 
water through the Negev Desert and 
of settling the remoter regions of the 

Shimon Persky was bom in the 
Polish town of Vishneva in 1923 
and grew up under the influence of 
his extremely orthodox Jewish 
grandfather. At six, it is said he 
smashed the family’s expensive 
radio set because his parents turned 
it on during the Sabbath. 


Shimon Peres: ’I am virtually incapable of revealing myself completely' 

He joined his lather in Palestine 
when he was 10 and eventually 
joined the “Working Youth" move- 
ment of the Histadrut Federation of 
Labour, where he quickly built a 
reputation for his organizational 
ability and' won a scholarship to an 
agricultural youth village. He fell in 
love with tiie land but while he 
worked he studied at night and slept 
no more than four or five hours - as 
he does to the present day. 

He wrote poetry, stories, articles 
and his diary, and formed a 
clandestine group for political 
discussion in the village mule shed. 
He. joined the Haganah, the 
underground political and military 
group, and courted his future bride. 
Sonya, while on guard-duty, reading 
her selections from Das KapitcU by . 

flickering candlelight. In 1942 he 
moved to a kibbutz overlooking the 
Sea of Galilee, where he worked as a 
shepherd and started a weekly 
newspaper in his spare time. Thus 
he caught the eye of Levi Eshkol, a 
future prime .minister, who invited 
him to join the secretarial of the 
Youth Movement. 

His organizational talents were 
soon at work, establishing new 
branches of the movement. He criss- 
crossed the country and one day 
hitched a lift with David Bcn- 
Gurion. The two kept in contact and 
planned an illegal trip across the 
Negev Desert. Arrested by the 
British for entering a forbidden area, 
he was sentenced to a month’s 
imprisonment, -but during his short 
journey -he found his new name, 

Peres - a kind of eagle he first saw in 
^the.desen. " 

. With the creation of the' State of 
Israel in 1948 he became Ben- 
Gurion's protege. At the age of 25 he 
was combining the jobs of Chief of 
Manpower, handling all arms 
acquisitions, manufacture and ad- 
ministration. In 1950, although not 
speaking a word of English, be was 
sent to New York in charge of arms 
procurement and was launched on 
the career of arms dealing for Israel 
which has been his life ever since. 

Faced with the embargo imposed 
by Washington on all arms sales to 
the Middle East, he use all his 
ima ginati on to find armaments. He 
rose in rank as he succeeded, largely 
due to his realization jhat. France 
was the most likely supplier . 

Bom August t in Poland. 
Arrived In Palestine. . 

Joined kibbutz, movement 
Secretary of Labour Youth 
Movement . 

Haganah HQ worker. 

Aide to Ben-Gurion and head or 
Israefi naval services. 

Head of mffltary delegation to 

Director-General of Defence. . 

Bectea to KnesiMt and 
appointed Deputy Defence 

Left government to become 

France; he reasoned, was at war 
with the Arab world because of 
Algeria. As such h had a 1 common 
enemy with Israel. He made friends 
at French ministries and by the time 
the Suez Canal was nationalized in 
1956 Israel had the weapons it 
needed to fight. 

The Suez campaign left him with 
a healthy disrespect for “British 
dithering” which scarcely improved 
when Harold Macmillan took over 
as Prime Minister. While extremely 
impressed by British efficiency, he 
developed a profound distrust for 
British political ethics. 

By the time he became Director- 
General of the Defence Ministry, Mr 
Peres, bad built up a list of 
international friends at the highest 
level who were the envy of his own 
country’s Foreign Ministry and he 
found himself frequently criticized 
in public by politicians. With Ben- 
Gurion’s help be obtained a seat in 
the Knesset in 1958 so that he could 
answer his critics. His political 
career began as Deputy Defence 
Minister and. despite his many 
enemies, he became an indispens- 
able member of any Labour 

If Ben-Gurion was his mentor. 
Mo&he Dayan was close to being his 
idoL That got him into serious 
trouble in 1975 when he was 
Defence Minister and was caught 
showing secret documents to his 
.friends, including Dayan, who was 
not then in the government. For a 
while Peres was crossed off the list of 
those allowed to receive intelligence 
reports, even though he was in 
overall charge of security. 

Having failed to beat Mr Rabin 
for the party’s leadership on two 
occasions, Mr Peres took over only 
when his rival was forced to resign 
in the wake of a scandal over an 
illegal dollar bank account held by 
his wife. Mr Rabin became a mortal 
enemy and the feud between the two 
was a major factor in Labour's 
defeat in the 1977 elections. 

In opposition Mr Peres worked to 
build .up the infrastructure of his 
party while be stayed in close touch 

secretary-general of Raft party. 

1368: Co-founder and deputy leader or 

Israeli Labour Party. 

1969: Minister of immigrant 

1970: Minister of Transport and 

1974: Minister of i nfo rm a tion 

(January). Minister of Defence 

1977: Acting Prime Minister (April), 
chairman of Labour Party tn 


1978: Vice-president c 
1984: Prime Minister. 

with world leaders. Both President 
Carter and Anwar Sadat asked his 
advice on the peace treaty that was 
to be signed at Camp David. He also 
had secret meetings with King 
’Hassan of Morocco and King 
Husain of Jordan. 

But his undercover personality 
could not woo the electors in the 
same way as the charismatic Mr 
Menachem Begin. Where the Likud 
leader was cheered, the Labour 
leader was pelted with tomatoes. 
Characteristically Mr Peres would 
say as he wiped down his suit: “At 
least it's good for the agricultural 

W hen Labour and Likud 
virtually tied in the 1984 
general election, he be- 
came Prime Minister 
almost by default The two parties 
agreed to lake turns at running the 
government and he .was probably 
allowed to do the job first because 
the Likud felt that such a traditional 
political loser would only make a 
mess of things. 

But in office Mr Peres has 
blossomed. He pulled Israel out of 
Lebanon and has seen through a 
tough economic austerity pro- 
gramme. Now be has set up a deal 
for a wanner peace with Egypt 
against ail the odds. 

He has ruthlessly exploited the 
feet that the government need not 
hand over the prime ministership to 
the Likud if the coalition fells apart 
The public have said through the 
opinion polls that he is the most 
popular Israeli Prime Minister ever. 
Even Mr Rabin has sought to make 
peace. “Shimon deserves a pat on 
the back," he told his personal 
supporters recently. “He did what 
had to be done”. 

For his pan. Mr Peres gives every 
impression of being embarrassed by 
all this popularity. “It warms the 
heart but I’m not used to it", he 
says. “Sometimes when they 
smother me with love I simply don't 
know what to do with it" 

Ian Murray 

Orchestrating for change 

Bon appetit for a bon voyage * 

The future, the funding, 
the management, 
even the very purpose 
of British orchestras is 
facing close scrutiny 

For nearly 40 years the Associ- 
ation of British Orchestras, a 
kind of CBI of the orchestral 
world, has looked after the 
management interests of its 
members, which include most 
of the leading groups, from the 
London Philharmonic Orches- 
tra and the City of Birmingham 
Symphony Orchestra to the 
various orchestras of the BBC. 

But today and tomorrow for 
the first time in its history’, it is 
holding what is described rather 
blandly as the First Annual 
Conference, and prominent 
figures in orchestra] manage- 
ment, the Musicians’ Union, 
the Arts Council, arts adminis- 
trators from local authorities 
and regional am associations 
are to gather in Bristol for two 
days oftalks. 

Among the speakers -arc John 
Drummond, Controller, Music, 
BBC; Richard Lawrence. Music 
Director 1 oF the Arts Council of 
Great Britain and its Secretary- 
General Luke Riuner, and 
David Patmore, Director of 
.Arts. Sheffield City Council- 
But the press is banned 
because, explained Charlotte 
.Ashe; general administrator of 
the ABO. protection from 
posterity and the public glare 
would encourage the speakers to 
be both provocative and unin- 
hibited. If one takes the 
charitable view, that » an 

indication of the serious intent 
of the conference. The less 
charitable view is that few 
people have the confidence now 
to utter definitive statements on 
the purpose and future of 
British orchestras and the way 
they are run. 

Perhaps that is justifiable. 
For the Firat Annual Confer- 
ence has been prompted by the 
changes that are rocking what is 
essentially an extremely con- 
servative world. The dissolu- 
tion of the six metropolitan 
county councils on April 1 
would alone be sufficient to 
make the orchestral world feel 
distinctly uneasy, but when it 
includes the abolition of the 
Greater London Council in- 
\olving a complete overhaul of 
the South Bank complex and 
the disappearance of the Lon- 
don Orchestral Concert Board, 
then life becomes extremely 

Other problems are the 
growing criticism of orchestral 
programming, particularly in 
London; the future of the 
Bournemouth Symphony Or- 
chestra; the funding of the 
Eastern Authorities Orchestral 
Association; and even the 
recent appointment of John 
Drummond as director of the 
proms and the BBC Symphony 
Orchestra's public concerts. 

This provides part of the 
background to the in camera 
conference of the ABO. But 
Charlotte Ashe says there are 
other even more fundamental 
issues that need to be discussed. 

“What must be done is not to 
discuss the coming financial 
year, but to consider the whole 
operation of the orchestra 
within society". Miss .Ashe says. 

“The funding of orchestras 

remains a central problem 
because the orchestra is labour 
intensive - it is not like a 
theatre which can put on a 
three-man show when times are 
hard - and there is no doubt 
that the orchestral musician is 
abysmally paid. 

“But if you cannot econo- 
mize on the work-force, you 
have to look at new ways of 
using that work-force." 

One of the principal ideas 
being considered was put 
succinctly by Richard Law- 
rence: “Orchestras must show a 
greater flexibility in their 
relationships with their, audi- 
ence. It is no longer acceptable 
just to walk on to a platform in 
penguin suits, bow, play a 
symphony, bow, and walk off.” 

Orchestral musicians 
are abysmally paid 

He feels that orchestras 
should explore other possi- 
bilities that would use the 
players more effectively and. 
also ' reach wider audiences. 
These possibilities include 
breaking the orchestra into 
small groups and sending them 
into schools and other insti- 
tutions, and developing a much 
more informal method of 
concert presentation. 

The first idea is being 
researched at the Guildhall 
School of Music, where Peter 
Rcnshaw - who is to talk at the 
conference - teaches students to 
put together programmes. The 
second idea has already been 
tried, with some success, by 
populists such as Previn and 
even John Dankworth in a 
recent Barbican series. 

Concert life now is not a 
catalogue of dwindling audi- 
ences; - figures for orchestral 
attendances in both London 
and the regions remain respect- 
able. In the past three seasons, 
for instance, Bradford City 
Council has managed to double 
the number of orchestral con- 
certs in its winter seaspn. 

“I think the orchestras have 
now realized the need for the 
best performers and the best 
conductors in the provinces - to 
have more mediocre soloists is 
a false economy", says David 

“And I think you can often 
find more interesting pro- 
grammes in the regions than in 
London. There is an all-Luto- 
slawski concert conducted by 
the composer in Sheffield on 
January 24-, and the final 
concert of the Leeds Conduct- 
ing Competition consists of 
Huidrrmrth's Mathis der Maler. 
and the Sixth Symphonies of 
Shostakovich and Vaughan 
Williams, a programme you 
could not find in London now.” 

With the London orchestras 
receiving only a 15 per cent 
subsidy from 'government 

New directions for the BBC Symphony Orchestra. 

sources, as opposed to a 60 per 
cent subsidy for regional orches- 
tras, the argument - - is that 
market forces in the capital are 
forced to prevail 7 .which 
accounts for. the dominance of 
safe programmes. 

A dynamic artistic 
policy is essential 

.Richard Lawrence is con- 
vinced that this approach is 
counter-productive jn the long 
term. “Audiences will come to 
popular programmes for a short 
while, . but eventually will 
become bored because they are 
not stimulated. Suddenly , you 
find you are on a downward 
spiral that will eventually affect 
sponsorship and other areas." 

Both Lawrence and Patmore 
feel that important lessons can 
be learnt from the success 
stories, including the transform- 
ation, in the past few years, of 
the City of Birmingham Sym- 
phony Orchestra under the 
imaginative direction of Simon 

Lawrence is convinced that 
Britain’s orchestras have not 
- been well served by having, as 
figureheads, conductors who are 
largely absentee musical direc- 
tors - interested in the program- 
ming of their own concerts, but 
leaving the coherence of a 
season to general adminis- 

“I am sure that if there are no 
fundamental changes over the 
next few years the British 
orchestral scene wall continue, to 
stagger on, surviving in London 
and kept going by sturdy local 
pride in the regions", says 
Lawrence. “But some kind of 
dynamic artistic policy is 
becoming essential.” 

“The crux of the matter is 
that orchestras now find them- 
selves less financially secure 
and with no real prospect of 
increased funding”, says Char- 
lotte Ashe. “Therefore, we most 
find ways of adapting' the 
valuable resources of the' or- 
chestras to the needs of' our 
time. The question is how?" 

. , Nicolas Soames 

e 11 "* Hcmpatoa UbM, (986 

French Railways are 
taking a Gallic line to 
• attract firet-class 
passengers - with 
high-class catering 

While British Rail offer a range 
of goodies - new liveries, free 
parking -and papers, hot towels 
and reception lounges- to tempt 
the first-dass traveller back 
from, airlines and coaches, 
French Railways are making a 
more direct and typically Gallic 
approach - straight to the 

One of Paris's trendiest new 
restaurateurs, Joel Robuchon of 
the Jam! a, Is in charge of 
catering on a new Noavelle 
Premiere train for first-dass 
passengers only, now being tried 
out between Paris and Stras- 

A culinary prodigy, the 40- 
y ear-old Robuchon gained three 
Mfehelin stars within three 
years of taking over Jus Paris 
restaurant, a record for that 
cautions publication, and spe- 
cializes in the latest style of 
French gastronomic. Known 
alternatively as marine modeime, 
or couraate, it retains the 
oriental elegance of noavelle 
cuisine but makes more con- 
cession to nun’s greed for rich 
and succulent fere. Thus Ro ba- 
ch on's restaurant, while offering 
the delicate salads and decora- 
tive' garnishes of last year's 
style, also features more sub- 
stantial items like cabbage, 
mashed potatoes and pig's head. 

A typical Robuchon menu for 
the Noavelle Premiere might 
consist . of baby lobster 
“sweated" in red wine: Easter 
lamb with fresh herbs and 
salad; and a distinctive version 
of crime brulee. The meal is not 
cheap: £25-£30 including wine. ' 
The NouveOe Premiere’s car- 
riages have also been refur- 
bished under the guidance of a 
fashionable interior decorator. 

Francois Catronx, with the seats 
arranged into small salons, 
separated by elegant slatted 
timber screens. At either end 
are beautifully furnished loun- 
ges from which Inggage is 
loaded and unloaded. 

The distance from Paris to 
Strasbourg is 313 miles, and the 
train, stopping only at Nancy, 
takes 3 hours 55 minutes, 
compared with 2Ki to 3 hoars 
city centre to city centre by Air 
Inter's rival jets. At £49, the rail 
fere is just within the £51 air 
-fare, and early results suggest 
that French Railways have put 
together a package that appeals 
to the first-dass passenger. If 
research over the next few 
months confirms that this is so, 
tbe Noavelle Premiere can be 
expected on other French inter- 
city routes; especially those 
where there is no TGV (high- 
speed train). 

While rail travel has in- 

creased steadily in France it 
recent years, the proportion cf 
people going first-dass has 
fallen from 25 to about 18 per 
cent of the total. As new rolling 
stock came into service stan- 
dards In second as well as first- 
dass were improved. Some 
French businessmen dearly 
think that with an Improved 
second -class, first-dass is not 
worth 50 per cent more. 

So Robuchon, Catronx and 
others are being drafted in to 
give first-dass rail travel that 
something extra again: and it is 
not only a matter of Easter Iamb 
at 100 mph. “We are trying to 
give people the feeling that this 
is something special, that they 
are being cassetted", say French 
Railways. “At the top end of the 
market people are willing tn 
spend something extra on a 
specially tailored service." 

Michael Baily 


25 Distinguish' ^ 

7 Slow cargo ' (6) 16 Portuguese money 18 Royal crown (61 

12 Small carpet (3) (6} 20 Waterproofiackeu6i 

14 Peerage (8) 17 Escape punishment 21 Maincoune(6) w 

15 Edge (3) (3,3) 23 Stink (4) W 


ACROSS: 3 Coffer 4 Wretch 7 Wane 8 Gadabout 9 Markdown 13 

16 Rogues' gallery 17 The 19 Detonate 24 Habitual 25 Hero 26 Pen! 
up 27 Dosser 

DOWN: 1 Cowl 2 Fandangle 3 Rigid 4 Widow 5 Elba 6 Clubs 
10 Knead 11 Ought 12 Nylon 13 Alertness 14 Soya 15 Fret 18 Heav? 
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To otfsat (Mm naira) nut u tuft busman ungamntand nw edenM awfit me* te bten Own (0 ■*■ by pubfc tuetxn to tha ughou 

WkHring goads, now Md fee ““ 


Itafc. Bofctan. Mctum. Swwn. KDftsn.-T»briz, IsWhr. Own, SB frrgte and many ottan. 

To b« tranafanad to: HAMPSTEAD AUCTtON ROOM 
"Time: To be hatdovartwo sessions 
VIEWING FROM: Friday January 17th, llsm-9pm 
TERMS: Cash. Cheque or Major Credit Cartia with I.D. 

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V s 



World, flesh, 
and high kicks 

I n this week of the high 
J® 1 “s first look at 
Mjss Bluebell, the mother 
and the mentor of fat the 
£■*, C ??. M) „ I4 - 000 Bluebell 
Gu-Is. Miss BIuebeH. in many 
respects like Mis Thatcher to 
whom she bears a quite 
uncanny physical resemblance, 
has been growing very gracious 
with the passing of the years. 
This biography will amplify her 
stately lady image, the ageing 
nude show empress in her 
Pearls and Cresta cocktail 
gowns. No pictures in this book 
of Miss Bluebell en deshabillee. 
though we cannot imagine she 
was always fully clothed. 

Those who Teel that the Folia 
Bcrgcre is a feminist issue need 
read no further. This is not the 
book for them. It is the 
professional _ smiles’n’lcars life 
history', taking that Similarly 
cautious showbiz course mid- 
way between literature and 
drivel, predictably lightweight 
on such things as the morality 
of international marketing of 
naked female flesh. There are 
things to enjoy in it, most 
especially in my view its recall 
of a forgotten world of troupes 
and troupers, a world of tawdry 
charm, high hopes and sheer 
banality which will, l think, 
come as quite a revelation to 
readers who, unlike me, do not 
possess a sister who was once a 
Sherman Fisher girl at Sircal- 
ham Hill. 

George Perry is terrifically 
good at the banalities. Not one 
of them escapes him, from the 
naming of Miss Bluebell (it was 
the Irish doctor, in the Dublin 
of her childhood, who said 
•“that’s my little Bluebell!") to 
the demise of her marriage to 
the Rumanian-born Folies 
Bcrgire pianist who could not 
resist the Bluebell Girls. An 
irony horrible. 

Through the debacles and the 
dramas, the girls go on high 
kicking. It is 1 think this sense 
of seme strange built-in 
momentum which has always 
drawn the intellectuals to the 
showgirls, though perhaps they 
are becoming less attracted than 
they were. The accounts and in 
particular the pictures of Miss 
Bluebell's early engagements 
with the Hot Jocks, a relent- 
lessly Scottish touring company, 
and as a Jackson Girl in the 
Berlin of the thirties, give one a 
strong feeling of the separate 
community with its own ident- 
ity. relationships and rhythms, 
the world within the world. 

You will remember Betty in 
Anita Brookncr’s novel Family 
and Friends. Betty was the 
younger and more restless of the 
sisters who planned to get away 


takes a dim 
view of 
dancing girls 

By George Perry 

Pavilion, £10.95 

By Richard Attenborough 

and Diana Carter 
The Bodley Head. £11.95 
paperback £7.95 

from the slow bourgeois life in 
London, go to Paris and 
become a dancer at the Folies. It 
is many young girls' dream. But 
it is of course a wrong one. For, 
as revealed in rather fascinating 
detail both in George Perry’s 
biography of Bluebell and in 
Charles Castle’s recent Folies 
Bergfre history, communities of 
chorus girls have always been 
surprisingly traditionalist, fe- 
male and enclosed. Though they 
may have gone on stage in fairly 
liberated postures, the showgirls 
have been subject offstage to 
regulations as tight as those 
prevailing in the strictest sort of 
girls' schooL 

T he Jackson Girls were 
marshalled around Ber- 
lin in a crocodile. This 
sense of girls together 
was compounded by the feet 
that elite showgirls on the 
continent have tended to be 
English, unused to foreign 
travel, bemused by life abroad 
and writing home for parcels 
containing pots of Crowe's 
Cremine and magic jars of 
Marmitc. Marini te in feet 
became a kind of craze among 
the Bluebells, who touchinly 
imagined it did wonders for 
their stamina. 

At the Folies Bergere and 
later at the Lido there was a 
clear distinction between danc- 
ers and showgirls, who were 
further subdivided into man- 
nequins nues and mannequins 
habillees. It was, and to some 
extent still is, a world of quite 
inordinate formality, reflected 
in the mannerism of its sets and 
costumes. For an enterprise 
which trades in the taking off of 
clothes, it has a fantastical 
awareness of proprieties. En- 
cbantingly, the touring nudes 
set out to foreign capitals with 
stocks of tinsel stars in their 

wardrobe trunks gradated ac- 
cording to the local regulations 
on exposure. 

As in all enclosed commui- 
lies, among the Bluebell Girls 
feds, rituals and superstitions 
have abounded. There used to 
be at one time the somewhat 
trying ruling that the titles of all 
Bluebell shows should consist of 
1 3 letters. Nulls de Folies bring 
followed by Folies en Folie and 
then En Super-Folies, a build- 
up of inanity, until, after the 
war, they gave in to Folies- 
CocktaiL A minimal improve- 
ment. There remains the quaint 
tradition that each girl mafo< 

her own G-stnng, a bizarre 
emanation of the cult of the 

Confusingly enough for those 
who believe firmly (who am I to 
contradict them?) that the nude 
show demeans women, it is at 
the same time obvious that in 
the Bluebell context it has been 
Les Giris who counted. Lovely 
Veras, gamine Olives, statu- 
esque Denises. The men have 
never somehow been of com- 
parable quality. They have 
even, let us face it, been a little 
bit embarrassing. Especially the 
troupe called Les Colligiens 
d’Eton, whose names Yves, 

Jean, Chadier, and, for heaven’s 
■fae, Maurasdi - seem lamen- 
tably lacking in verisimilitude. 

Les Girls, die aH-hlondc ones 
known as “Les Bluebcffs 
Beautiful- Ladies" (the most 
energetic dancers) or the Titian- 
tinted ones, labelled “Les' Red 
Stars”, brought foe re gimented 
chords ' ine towards: 'the ' art 
form. Anton DoHji, unaccoun- 
tably unquoted by * George 
Peny, once said “You cm tea a 
Bluebell girl just as yon can Trit, 
a Balanchine or an Ashton 
ballet " George Perry does point 
out Thai in make-up and in 
rrmfrimp all girls in BIuebeD 
chorus iin« will tend to look 
the same. 

O ne on the few. interest-' 
mg things about Miss 
Bluebell, whose' life 
history in general is. 
classically vapid, is toe feed that 
at an early age she rose above, 
the chorus line. Steppedout<rf 
line, quite literally. Miss Blue- 
bell was the chorus girl who got’ 
away. It is quite a good (rid 
theme: the individoal escaping 
from foe bounds of uniformity; 
the human heart in the automa- 
ton. . . 

And so on. But not, so one 
hopes, on and on and on for 
ever. The signs this week 
qiflflpgf this theme hay reached 

Not only have we been 
subjected on our screens to Part 
One - only Part One - of a wan 
television drama, based on 
Perry’s new biography, but here 
open before me is yet more 
chorus finery: the book of -foe 
film of the longest running 
musical in the history of live 
theatre in which, you wifi find it 
all to easy to recall, the human 
stories of contenders for a 
chorus fine emerge, .during 
auditions, in considerable' 
detail. Not that this book is 
about the fictional characters. 
Would that it were. But this is 
fife beyond foe chorus line. This 
book draws on an unimagined 
source of revelations: it con- 
tains the real life stories cf the 
actors in the flesh. 

It is, as it sounds, a 
pretty flatulent idea. Quite 
apart fr o m foe feet that the 
actors’ real-fife stories 
are here, as elsewhere, 
great deal Jess than 
riveting (do few 

interesting people 

have foe urge to become actors 
or is it a profession which 
somehow induces dullness?), 
and none of them have much to 
say except they love Sir 
Richard, which in the circum- 
stances is not exactly startling. 
The book is put together in a 
tone of sycophancy compared 
with which George Perry’s 
adulatory account of Bluebell, 
in which he fails to mention 
that she has made her fortune 
out of human vanity, vulgarity, 
and lewdness, is incisiveness 

Paperbacks reviewed in 
The Times on Saturday. 

Ally versus the British 

General Mark Wayne Clark was 
one of the quartet of relatively 
junior American officers 
brought forward by General 
George Marshall to command 
the US .Armies in Europe in the 
Second World War. The other 
three - Eisenhower, Bradley, 
and Patton - received a good 
contemporary British press and 
their reputations have stood the 
test of time. Clark did not, and 
has remained a controversial 
character on both sides of foe 
Mlantic ever since. He was a 
friend of Eisenhower’s, toler- 
ated by Bradley, and loathed by 
Patton. There has never been 
much doubt about his enlarged 
ego. addiction to publicity, and 
ruthless ambition; nor about his 
countervailing qualities of lead- 
ership. singleness of purpose,- 
military ability, and awesome 
capacity for hard work. BIu- 
meason's biography uncovers 
\\ha: has always been suspected: 
Clark's veiled, but deep seated, 
dislike of all things British. If 
Montgomery was Eisenhower’s 
cross "in North West Europe, 
Clark was Alexander’s in the 
Italian campaign. 

Dlunicnson has had full 
access to Clark's diaries and 
papers. held in she archives of 
the Citadel, the military- college 
of South Carolina. Clark be- 
came its President after retiring 
from foe US Army at foe end of 
the Korean War. having, as one 
of NiacArthur's successors, 
signed the .Armistice which 
brought it to an end. This is the 
first time his diaries have been 
used to the full, though extracts 
on specific subjects have been 
published from time to time. 

British readers will be most 
interested in Blumenson's treat- 
ment of Clark’s well 
clash with Alexander over the 
direction in which the decisive 
thrust should be made from the 
Anzto beach-head during the 
final stages of foe battle for 
Rome. Alexander had his eye 
on the destruction of van 
Yieiingboffs Tenth German 
.Army rather than foe capture of 
the cilv. He directed Clark to 
drive ’due east to cut the 

William Jackson 

By Martin Blmnenson 

Cape. £12.95 





ccily rush Feb.5 

a 13-3 19 Charias: Cross Bond 
London, W.C.L 

German withdrawal routes and 
thus encircle them. Clark 
disobeyed the spirit, if not the 
letter, of Alexander’s orders and 
pressed north for Rome instead. 
Blumenson traces the origins of 
Clark’s disloyalty to Alexander 
and confirms much that has so 
fer only been conjecture. 

Blumenson's book makes 
sour reading for those who 
fought in the Italian campaign 
or who have studied it in any 
detail. Dark's attitude is encap- 
sulated in one of his diary 
entries in which he complains 
“we are caught in foe British 
Empire machine". He believed 
that the British establishment 
from Churchill downwards was 
intent on hogging any glory to 
be had in foe Mediterranean, 
while his American Fifth Army 
did all the fighting. Nothing 
could have been further from 
the truth. At foe Salerno and 
Anzio landings, where foe 
chances of failure were unduly 
high, it was Churchill who 
insisted that foe British should 
provide half foe assault forces 
to share the risks. Clark 
construed this as a British ploy 
to ensure their troops would be 
foe first to enter Naples and 

He had little good to say 
about the British commanders: 
Alexander, Montgomery, Leese, 
McCreery, Kirkman. and Hard- 
ing are aU described in denigrat- 
ing terms. In his view, only foe 
Fifth Army did any fighting; the 
Eighth Army always lagged 
behind the Fifth; the Royal 
Navy gave him only nudging 
support; and foe British gener- 
ally took an unfair share of 
available Allied effort. _ He 
reiterates on several occasions 
his view that the Eighth Army 
could not, in American rugger 
slang; “be trusted to carry the 
ball". Clark's strictures were 
hardly borne out by foe Allies’ 
losses, which were: British 
Commonwealth 148,000; US 
119.000; French, Poles, Brazi- 
lians. Italians, and Greeks 

Nevertheless, Blumenson’s 
book is another valuable contri- 
bution to the bibliography of 
foe Italian campaign. Un- 
fortunately it will be read more 
widely in foe United States than 
foe last two parts of the British 
Official History, covering the 
same period, which will not be 
published until later this year, 
and should go a long way 
towards correcting Gaik’s bias. 

Stevie Smith is the lady in the 
comer of twentieth-centnry 
verse in English; the one with 
the ghastly floral hat and the 
knitting. Only when you look 
closer do you notice that those 
flowers are real and still 
growing, and that what yon 
took for knitting needles is 
actually a matter of daggers. 
Seldom, in other words, can 
such a fierce mind have 
bothered to disgui se itself so 
convincingly behind foe appear- 
ance of fecklessness. She grew 
so good at it, over the years, 
that there were moments when 
one had doubts. The Colle cte d 
Poems of Stevie Smith, edited 
with a preface by James 
MacGibbon (Penguin Modem 
Classics. £5.95) dispels them. 
Tottering on the edge of 
doggerel, Stevie Smith's art was 
a habit of never quite felling 
over. Or if she did fell, she 
would make it look like a dive. 
At her best she was very simple 
and very good: 

O lovers true 
And others too 
Whose best is only better 
Take my advice 
■ Shun compromise 
Forget him and forget her. 

Elizabeth Jennings has always 
been a smooth, even fedle, 
poet; faced with some of her 
past work one might be forgiven 
tor supposing that she could 
turn anything into a poem that 

Not quite 


Robert Nye 

was much foe same as every 
other poem, she had ever 
written. One day' when the end 
of foe world .comes, Miss 
Jennings will be there with 
notebook and pencil, and she’ll 
get it down in three' half-rhym- 
ing stanzas, neatly measured, 
with -a carefully diffident punch 
or nudge line at the dose... 
Interestingly, the new • work 
collected in her Extending foe 
Territory (Carcanet, £4.95) docs 
show- her beginning to doubt her 
own capacity to ingest the world 
and give it back as poems~ An 
acquaintance with pain and 
mental disturbance has taught 
her verse a rich humility, and 
with this goes a fumbling feeling 
for sincerity at all costs which 
makes some .of these poems 
very moving indeed: 

l came upon a kind of magnet- 

But ■ where’s the metal? I 

became aware . 
Nat of self, that feuding 


Invalid sufferer.' 

No, now to the fall 
I fed the planet cruising ' . 

. ' through die air 
And light's the one important 
element. • 

Norman Cameron used to say 
of Laurie Lee that even when he 
wasn’t very good, he was always 
dean. The kind of cleanliness 
referred to resides, I think, in 
foe eye and- foe heart The best 
things in Lee’s Selected Poems 
( Penguin, £1.95) speak of- a 
certain purity preserved or 
achieved in both these import- 
ant organs: 

Such a morning it is when love, 
leans through geranium 


and calls with a cockerel’s 

* tongue. ' 
When red-haired girls scamper 
like roses 

over the rain-green grass, 

■ and the sun drips honey. 

This is minor -poetry by any 
standards, but there is some- 
thing agreeable about minor 
poetry which has no pretensions 
to be anything else, and which is 
verbally so well achieved that 
you want to read it out loud to 
anyone who wifi listen on a 
winter’s night 

Voices of a family at war 

Higgledy-piggledy - poems for kids 

When Iona and Pieter Opie 
assembled the “small satchel- 
ful” of poems that made np foe 
OyfordBook of Children's Verse 
they poked in a couple of dozen 
pieces from foe United States: 
dim classics like “Marv a 
little lamb" and Gilbertian 
rollicks like “The Camel's 
Cbmplaint”. There wasn’t any- 
thing distinctively American 
about these, except for foe 
dialect chants of James Whit- 
comb Riley, who wrote “The 
Raggedy Man” and the piece 
which says that “the Gobble- 
uns’H git you ef you don’t watch 

Nor can anything much more 
strikingly American be found in 
Donald HalTs Oxford an- 
thology, even though it in- 
creases foe Opies* choice ele- 
venfold. like them, he has 
arranged his selection chronolo- 
gically — be ginning with Puritan 
admonition (“depart to Hell, 
there you may yell / and roar 
eternally”), and p roce edin g 
through a variety of styles, 
almost all derivative .from 
British sources. Lear, Carroll, 
and Stevenson are godfathers to 
much of the best m the book, 
even though cir c umstantial 
matters - a preponderance of 


Brian Alderson 

Edited by Donald Han 

afford. £15 


A book of poems compiled by 
Naomi Lewis 

Faber. £7J95. paperback £2.95 

hired-men and other American 
fauna - gjve the poems a foreign 
flavour. Only foe genius of 
Emily Dickinson (who 
shouldn't really be there) and 
only some of the living writers, 
like the delectable, and now 
very aged, Elizabeth Coatswoith, 
or foe dever nonsense-men, like 
■ Dr Senss or Sbel Silverstein, can 
be heard to have markedly un- 
English accents. 

For all its conservative 
character however this Oxford 
anthology has a quality of 
.commitment which links it, ax 
least superficially, to the other 
.great collection cf the yean 

Naomi Lewis’s _ Messages. 
Donald Hall and his assistant, 
Linda Howe, have rummaged 
through sackloads of ephemera 
in order to achieve a just 
representation of what Ameri- 
can publishers expected chil- 
dren to read; Naomi Lewis has 
drawn npon a lifetime of poetry 
reading m order to share with 
children foe richness of foe 

Messages pays little of the 
heed that Mr Hall does to 
writers’ intentions. Miss Lewis 
is unconcerned whether her 
authors are addressing children 
or not. What does preoccupy 
her - overriding the known 
names or the fa miliar pieces of 
standard anthologies - is the 
“peculiar power and interest” of 
poems that make a near-flaw- 
less unity of technique and 
content As a result she has 
brought together, theme by 
theme, a most wonderful 
collection of artefacts - ballads 
juxtaposed with Brow ning — 
Christina Rossetti with Mao 
Tse Tung. Like Griselda Grea- 
ves’s The Burning Than of a 
dozen years ago, this is an 
anthology that could wake a 
generation to the splendours of 

There axe five voices in- Joyce 
Reiser Romhfatt’s •■. excellent 
first novel. White Water, each 
contributing a personal perspec- 
tive-on . a rather desolate family 
landscape. The voiciis belong to 
members of three generations of 
the’ American. Fry family, 
including V-dne’ rex-wife, who 
appear to reassessing the 
events of then; waywanf ‘and 
imqiHcfartiwy " ek i sten o es in the 
fight of the im minent -wedding 
of the youngest family member 
(and vtriceLDiana. 1 - . - 
- White Water faliuvextremely 
accompti&hed. piece of work. Its 
Skilful use of tenses and delicate 
construction . (each narration 
echoes foe others; 'setting up 
poetic resonances beneath a 
de c ept i ve simplicity} make it a 
pleasure to . read! -The voices 
w pnwi and. extend the narra- 
tive whfie -retracing distant and 
recent past events. Memory is 
subservient to present human 
encbnnters, . and- childhood 
events are. genuinely flluminat- 
ing with no sense' of the case 
history abouttheraJ' 

The events of foe present take 
place in Miami, Flonda;.bux the 
true territory of the novel is 
within, the enclosed yet es- 
tranged atmosphere of a family 
split apart by sibling distrust, 
divorce, and lonely, children. 
Each voce has constructed a 
life which accommodates the 

famil y damag e ( grandm other 

Rose tries to keep 'foe peace 
while dreaming of £ garden in 
Virginia; her son, Justin, has 
become a sort of urtam guer- 
rilla, allying himself with a 
huger, less intimate, global 

This is a “therapeutic” novel 
in foe sense that its characters, 
through a process of memory - 
“I never knew memory took 
courage” - mostly come to a 
greater degree of acceptance and 
understanding of themselves. 

The narrator of Hugh Fleet- 
wood’s gripping novel, Para- 
dise , (his tenth) is also exerciz- 


Gillum Gr eenwood 


By Joyce Reiser Kornblatt 

ChattoA Windus, £9.95 


By Hugh Fleetwood 

Hamish Hamilton. £9.95 


By Delacorta 
Translated by Victoria 
Viking, £8.95 

By Mlchelene Wandor 

Virago. £&J>5 . 

ing tite power of memory, bat in 
his case to “try to regain 
paradise”. A thriller-writer who 
believes that that genre is “foe 
form of literature in which it is 
easiest, nowadays, to tell true 
stories,” Peter recalls the events 
of his early adolescence In Italy. 
The son of a divorced couple 
who live, together with their 
respective new spouses, on an 
estate which forms foe nucleus 
of an expatriate community in 
Santa Croce, Peter aged 12, 
alone knows the truth about the 
two deaths which have oc- 

The book opens in semi-farci- 
cal spirit, with the first murder 
taking place in foe best some- 
style. Then the tone becomes 
more lyrical as paradise is 
evoked m foe setting and safe 
harbour of Santa Croce, where 
the community shelters from its 
own rootlessness. The group, 
though sketched briefly, is a 
very strong presence and is 
beautifully contrasted with 
more solid Italians who serve it 
This geographical protection 
from insecurities proves illusory 
and foe group’s disintegration 

coincides with Peter’s personal 
loss of innocence. 

Delacorta, author of Lola. 
would disagree with Hugh 
Fleetwood on foe. subject of 
thriller- writing and true stories, 
Delacorta is foe pen nam e of a 
Swiss novelist and screen 
writer, Daniel Odier, whose 
previous novel. Diva, formed 
the basis of an imaginative and 
highly stylized French film. 
Whore Diva was set in the world 
of opera and the French 
under wo rld. Lola concerns a 
rock and roll personality who, 
having disappeared from Cali- 
fornia has re-emerged in Paris. 
Serge Gorodish, Delacorta s 
sophisticated and entrepreneu- 
rial investigator, together with 
his sidekick, a jail-bait blonde 
of 13. attempts to trace the 
singer for a fat profit. 

The trail takes us (short scene 
by short scene as in a film 
script) through an amusing 
pastiche of rock world language 
an exotic leather bar in Cannes 
where the rich dies- down to 
catch rough trade: and a blend 
of sexual tiliUation and gratu- 
itous unpleasantness which 
ends up, light-handed and 
entertaining as it is, in self-par- 

Michulene Wandor’s writing 
is in an altogether more serious 
vein. Guests in the Body is a 
collection of monologues, mood 
pieces, and short stories which 
arc written mostly from a 
Jewish feminist standpoint. The 
lone of the collection varies 
from a dour, sclf-conscious. 
over-written style to a more 
slapdash comedy. (In “Meet my 
Mother", a familiar Jewish 
mother-figure raises her con- 
sciousness to remark to her 
daughter. “You got to become a 
lesbian, you should at least hare 
the decency to shack up with a 
nice Jewish girl".) These pieces 
are careful and highly polished 
for the most part but arc 
occasionally hampered by their 
own polemic. 

The best 
we have 

Woodrow Wyatt 


By Christopher Tngendhat 

Viking. £9.95 

Books about - foe European 
Economic Community are 
usually a yawn, dipped into info 
drooping spirits. This one fa not 
It is short and for the most part 
lively, written by a journalist 
who wrote for the Financial 
Times for 10 years, was an MP 
for six and a European Com- 
missioner for eight with half of 
the time as a Vice-President 
T<k> many other earlv en- 
thusiasts for the EEC I was sold 
.on the idea of a united Europe. 
Why not one great Western 
European family of the same 
cultural ancestors, with no 
frontiers aid a single govern- 
ment? It would be a power as 
.great industrially and militarily 
as foe USA and stronger than 
Russia. No-one could push us 
about and we would advance 
securely into unlimited pros- 

Lives of the librettist 

T hat dream .fa still there. Mr 
Tngendhat describes it as 
the romantic rhetoric which 
continues to inspire and fa not 
disturbed by the reality. “The 
result is that the language and 
actions of the Community aud of 
the member states .diverge 
increasingly, like those of a 
Victorian mUl-towner’s .prayers 
on a Sunday 'And his ' actions 
during foe rest of the week.” It 
is not remarkable that the EEC 
has made such small progress 
towards sopra-nationallsm: it is 
remarkable that, -however halt- 
ingly, it has made the progress 
In cooperation that it has. Mr 
Tngendhat likens it “to foe 
dance of Echternach: two steps 
back for every force forward”. 

Mr Jinnah once explained to 
me that he left the Congress 
Party because everything was 
expressed in a Hindu manner. 
In foe Community everything is 
expressed in a French manner, 
with foe French language and 
-’bureancrntic systems to the 
front. That b our fault because 
we would not join at the 
b e ginning. It is useless to kick 
now; as we allowed the partner- 
ship between France and Ger- 
many to be the foundation of the 

T%ut substantial reforms there 
fimay be over time, and Mr 

Tngendhat believe s that the best 
method of gdilug them is to 
allow the French to claim them 
as their own idea. He points out 
tint they obstructed foe British 
from getting a fair budget 
contribution until they realized 
that they themselves were 
running into the same poritioh. 
Then they did an about-turn and 
said something must be done 
about the “deficits ire” coun- 

Mr Tngendhat writes interes- 
tingly on how foe Co mmission 
works and of the mterpfay of 
national loyalties among those 
who maw it, Q ffidals «Wea gnM> 
their own country’s minister into 
more frxtitihl results by teaching 
them to understand foe work- 
ings of foe Commnnit y and its 
nuances instead of chanvinisti- 
caHy Ignoring them. Mr 
Tngendhat thinks that (he most 
unity will be achieved by 
acc epting foe existence at the 
nation state rafter than by 
trying to supplant it 

Lorenzo Da Pome, poet, teacher, 
and book dealer, among many 
other occupations, provided for 
Mozart three of the world's 
most perfect opera libretti. That 
assures him immortality. But 
his own life, before he settled 
down as old age approached in 
New York as a moderately 
respectable husband, could 
have come from someone else's 
opera plot - an early Verdi, 
perhaps fashioned from a 
Victor Hugo melodrama. 

As a randy yourm abbe he 
was drummed out of Venice on 
charges of immorality with an 
accusatory letter being placed in 
one of foe lions’ mouths, which 
were constructed to accept such 
things. Shades of La gioconda / 
In Vienna a rival in love 
poisoned him with nitric acid: 
Da Ponte kept his life but lost 
his teeth. In the same city 
Salieri among others intrigued 
against him as secret letters 
sped around foe Court. (Ama- 
deus, art thou listening there 
above?) Even in New York, 
when he was 70 and turning his 
hand to teaching young ladies, a 
fellow abbfe (defrocked) sent 
letters to foe parents of bis 
pupils accusing him of “homi- 
cide, adultery, swindling, cheat- 
ing, intrigue and debauchery". 
Such charges may well have 
prompted Da Ponte to write his 
own lengthy (and generally 
reckoned untrustworthy) auto- 

John Higgins 

By Sheila Hodges 

Granada, £12.95 

Sheila Hodges believes that 
Da Pome’s own memoirs 
should be given a little more 
credence than they have been. 
Certainly they arc the chief 
source for her own biography, 
and clearly she has found it 
difficult putting more flesh on 
Da Ponte's own words. 

Throughout his life Da Ponte 
worked hard al covering up 
those Jewish origins, although 
he was scrupulous about send- 
ing home remittances to his 
sisters and his cousins and his 
aunts. Miss Hodges suggests 
interestingly that in Act III of 
Le nozze di Figaro, when 
Marcellina and Bartolo find out 
that Figaro is their long lost son. 
Beaumarchais’ “Cest Emma- 
nuel!" was changed to “Raffael- 
lo!” because Da Ponte could not 
bear to be reminded of his own 

When Sheila Hodges is 
treading through the operatic 
archives of Vienna, London 
(especially), and New York she 
is at her happiest Da Ponte 
himself, most colourful of men. 
too often comes out in shades of 


(z esp. prolonged/in tarj — used as a visual representation 
of sleep or snoring esp. in cartoons limit of snoring);. 

The Last Word 
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the times 


Fraud: add action to the Act 

by Nicholas Goodison 

Ronald Butt 

for more 

Two middle-aged brothers living at 
Worthing in Sussex have vowed to 
starve to death unless the local 
council reverses its decision to close 
the town's Connaught theatre on 
Saturday. Yesterday Michael and 
Roy Wilson told me that for the past 
10 days nothing had passed their lips 
but water with a slice of lemon. Roy. 
an author, has already lost a stone 
and Michael, a BBC freelance photo- 
grapher, 101b. They have seen every 
play at the Connaught for the past 
10 years and. however weak, intend 
being there for the final performance 
- of Lionel Bart's Oliver - on 
Saturday. It will be somewhat 
unfortunate when it comes to Food. 
Glorious Food . . . Members of the 
cast have visited them at their 
home, where they are fasting under 

Professor Victor Wynn of St 
Mary's Hospital. London, told me 
yesterday that healthy young men 
could survive up to five weeks 
without food (longer if ihey were 
fat), but starvation in older men 
could induce acute heart failure, 
even after 10 days. Worthing council 
is aware of the brothers' stand but- 
says it cannot afford the theatre’s 
£1 78.000-a-year upkeep. 

Brian Sedgemore MP is right to complain 
loud and long about fraud, but he is in 
clanger of falling into a common legislators’ 
trap. Shiny new laws do not deter criminals 
if they are just as content to break the new 
laws as they were to break the old ones. 
They are really deterred only if they know 
that there are inspectors and policemen who 
will catch them, and courts who will swiftly 
lock them up. 

People and companies cannot rely on the 
state to protect them completely from crime, 
nor do they. Supermarkets employ store 
detectives, banks put holograms on their 
cheque guarantee cards and employ inspec- 
tors to call unannounced at their branches, 
and insurance companies check that your 
house really has burned to the ground before 
paying up. 

The Financial Services Bill starts its 
committee stage in the House of Commons 
next week and should become law later this 
year. It addresses at last those areas of the 
securities and investment business where 
stale regulation has either not existed or has 
failed to perform well enough to protect the 
public. It proposes the equivalent of store 
detectives on the inside of these industries 
with a state-appointed agency standing by to 
chastise them if they fail in' their duties, or 
even to take over these duties if necessary. 

My concern, first expressed to the Prime 
Minister last November, is that this law will 
not be enough if the state does not upgrade 
its machinery for dealing with suspected 
fraud, and if the procedures for prosecuting 
it are not effective. At its simplest, this 

means that the government must employ 
enough skilled investigators to collect 
sufficient evidence for fraudsters to be 
prosecuted, and that court procedures must 
be equal to the task of unravelling the - 
complexities of financial fraud so that 
prosecutions are on sure ground. If these two 
aims cannot be achieved, fraudsters will 
continue on. their discreditable .way with 
little fear of being punished. 

. The Roskill Commission, which reported 
on Friday, has now opened up the debate on 
the judical processes involved, and has 
made some very welcome proposals which, 
if implemented should go a long way 
towards increasing the number of successful 

For the Stock Exchange to do its job 
property, for it to provide an efficient 
capital-raising system for companies. and a 
safe place for investors to operate, it has had 
to create rules requiring high standards of 
practice and behaviour, to provide the 
resources to- police these rules, and disciplin- 
ary machinery to punish practitioners who 
break them. This discipline is not an 
alternative to state prosecution for breaking 
the law any more than being dismissed for 
stealing from your employer keeps you from 
being taken to court : 

The Stock Exchange has 4,500 members 
grouped in just over 200 firms. It employs 
more than 200 full-time regulators, _ 25 of 
whom are inspectors with powers to 

scrutinise in detail all the firms’ records and 
investigate any suspicion of irregularity or 
malpractice. Since 1978, the Stock Exchange 
has expelled 12 members,- suspended 23-1 
others for lesser disciplinary offences, and 
censured -a further 23 publicly. In the 
majority of cases the misdemeanours were 
uncovered during routine visits' by our 

We also back our reputation with hard 
cash. Since 1952 we have had a compen- 
sation fund, limited only by the total assets 
of the Stock Exchange and all its members, 
to repay any member of the public who has 
suffered loss through the fraud or failure of a 
member. To date, it has paid out £7 million, 
recovering two-thirds from the estates of j 
defaulters. " 

The lawyers, accountants, former police 
officers and experienced a dminis trators Who 
make up our surveillance division are worth 
every penny of the £500,000 they cost us to 
employ last year our customers would soon 
desert the Stock Exchange for safer markets 
if our rules were neither effective nor 
adequately policed. 

But the Stock Exchange cannot discipline 
people who are . not its members, nor can it 
send anybody to- prison. This- is the task of | 
the state and the courts. I hope that 
Parliament will bear in mind that- the law 
cannot, reach where enforcement does not 
follow,, and will very soon make. the 
necessary reforms. 

Michael Hweltine may well have dgnirto 
cost the Conservatives the next . alkged evidence; 

Sir Nicholas Goodison is chairman of the Stock | 

Bulwark and threat: Robert Fisk on Libya’s restless army 

election. Thai may not trouble him 
much. Inflated by euphoria, he «s 
floating high above the political 
conventions as a roan, who has 
risked all for the sake of two 
principles: safeguarding defence 
policy and protecting the consti- 
tution from Mrs Thatcher. 

Sacrifice of office is compensated 
for by the excitement of -public 
attention and the palpable pleasure 
of watching the embarrassment of 
former colleagues. (He quaked with 
mirth on Monday when Michael 
Foot asked Leon Brittan an awk- 
ward question). Heseltine can also 
enjoy contemplating the possibility 
that one day he may lead back to 
power the .party which, for prin- 
ciple’s sake, he now puts at risk. 

Meanwhile, it is virtually imposs- 
ible to envisage any circumstances 
in which he could again be part of 
any- Conservative cabinet, except as 
its bead. How, after his behaviour 
both before and since his resjg-. 
nation, could another prime mini s-' 
ter risk including him? To. do so 
would be to . live .in the knowledge 
that - if a moment came when he 
wished to campaign against col- 
leagues and. their policies, be would 
not hesitate' to do. so, by any means 
to hand, and with no holds barred 
Colleagues would have to accept 

. abc was bbvioiisly 

ngid m the Westland aflfcfr %£* 
Heslune $ 

entenon was 
acceptable ; toV 
which, the fariopean* 
not bf contras^ 

■anything V 
whole campaign , waaaun 

^ ■ 
sol uhon, whether -the.baanT (itSv 

or not. .; v . T;-' : 

. As for Mrs ThatcharV<fc|i^ 
lutioral Tynumyv >bont 

» r ,jcs|ieaaay -Wat® 
nothxhg'Mr^ Thatcher has doK 
ct<m4ru> -«■ -.rrrr. m 

a conclusion (by using -ffie/ibMrni 
every prape- mbustw ^ 
structure -of - committees and 
cabinet agenda) matches HesettineV 
own breach of almost every cafcin£ 
convemioa. If there|'. has ; 

alleges, an ' “affront to thexonsK: 
union",, hev .not Mrs : Thatcher it - 
respousible for it. r-:y . .= 

As for. the titoge.. 'tot Mis 
Thatcher • is ' a tyrant life- 

Beyond the pale 

Alice Tulloch. the Edinburgh Fringe 
ticket manager for the past 30 years, 
has been excluded by organizers of a 
major beano being held on Saturday 
week to toast parting Fringe maestro 
Michael Dale and all those who 
helped him. The omission. I'm told, 
is causing outrage, and Dale's 
predecessor, Alistair Moffat, is 
staging a boycott. Yesterday Fringe 
secretary .Andrew Kerr, who says 
“space is limited”, was surprised by 
all the fuss. “At her age she should 
be wrapped up in front of the 
television. 1 don't think she would 
thank us for keeping her up to 
midnight." I just hope that Dale - 
who suggested that Mrs Tulloch be 
there - and Fringe chairman 
Jonathan Miller can last the pace as 
“the young ones”. 

Why Gadaffi ean never relax 

history -of this govemm entdispnjv» would be easy toparoyidea Jdbg 1 
list of issues on which sltehasbowoL 
to convenience, or to ptagmatimi,: 


• Guest speaker at the buffet lunch 
tomorrow to launch Routledge and 
Regan Paul's book Protection and 
Industrial Policy in Europe The Rt 
Hen Leon Brittan PC, MP. 

Wrong track 

Picture the scene: a Lancashire man 
fancies a trip on the Venice 
Simplon-Orient-Express. and on 
reading the brochure can hardly 
contain himself. “The menus have 
been chosen to reflect the glories of 
the train. Spoil yourself with caviar 
or foie gras if you wish, or enjoy the 
perfectly cooked delicacies such as le 
Gratin de Crustaces £ la Therroidor 
and lc Filet dc Boeuf poele 'Hercule 
Poirot' ... the fare includes all 
meals." He duly signs on the dotted 
line, hops aboard, lucks in his 
napkin, and smacks his lips in 
anticipation. At the table, however, 
he is told the foie gras et all were not 
included; the table d’hote for you. 
Sir. Back in Lancashire he got his 
revenge, however; the Orient Ex- 
press has now been found guilty by 
the Advertising Standards Authority 
of breaching its code of practice. 








Shortly after dark on November 23 
last year, a car approached the Bab 
el-Azazia barracks in Tripoli where 
Colonel Gadaffi lives with his 
family. The driver was a 45-year-old 
colonel in the regular Libyan army, a 
gruff, discontented man named 
Hassan Ishkar who bad often argued 
with Gadaffi over the course ot his 
“people's revolution” and the effect 
it had had on the army. 

Most of all. he had come into 
conflict with Gadaffi over Egypt. 
Ishkar's wife was Egyptian and he 
greatly feared a war along Libya's 
eastern frontier. He had good 
reason; that very day. three gunmen 
had hijacked an Egyptian airliner to 
Malta and already President Muba- 
rak was blaming Gadaffi. 

What happened when Colonel 
Ishkar's car drew up at the barracks 
gate is still confused. The most 
coherent account says he got out and 
ordered the sentries' to lei him pass. 
They refused; the commander of the 
guard, it is said, then raised his 
Kalishnikov Ak 47 automatic rifle 
and opened fire, hitting Ishkar six 
times in the head. He died in 
hospital an hour later, under the 
care, ironically, of an Egyptian. 

Officially, his death was referred to 
as suicide, although no public 
announcement was made and he 
was given a secret, pauper’s funeral. 
No name was inscribed on his 
gravestone. The guard commander 
has disappeared. 

Whenever such events occur in a 
police state like GadaflTs they 
produce a cluster of rumours. It is 
said that Gadaffi himself personally 
shot Ishkar. that the dead man had 
been plotting a coup, that he was 
suspected by the Libyan authorities 
of working for the CIA and had 
intended to assassinate Gadaffi in - 
his tent together with his family. 

The real significance of the lulling, 
however, was that Ishkar was the 
commander of the Libyan army in 
Sine, effectively third in command 
of the entire Libyan armed forces, 
and his death was the most serious 
blow yet struck at the institution 
which. 17 years ago and on a wave 
of popular sympathy, brought 
Gadaffi to power. 

For the army represents both 
Gadaffi’s principal defence against 
foreign intervention and the gravest 
threat to his own dictatorship. Save 
for individual assassination, his 
enemies can hope to topple bis 
regime only by using the army in a 
coup. Thus Gadaffi will brook no 
opposition, however mild or rea- 

soned. from within the military, 
even from a man like Ishkar who 
was from his own tribe, indeed a 
distant cousin. * 

It is for this very reason that 
Gadaffi tried to strengthen his army 
militarily while emasculating it 
politically. While re-equipping it 
with new ground-to-ground missiles 
from the Soviet Union, he has 
forced every military unit over 
company strength to accept in its 
barracks a cadre from one of bis own 
revolutionary committees. In the big 
army bases in Tripoli, Benghazi and 
Tobruk, revolutionary committee 
members loyal to Gadaffi now guard 
the ammunition stores, even though 
they are of lower rank than the 
regular army ordnance officers. 

The attempts on Gadaffi's life 
have taught him not to trust his 
army. In early March.oflast year, for 
instance, there were reports of an 
attempt on his life at a villa outside 
Tripoli- Fifteen army officers were 

afterwards hanged. Subsequently 
there was an .attack on a convoy in 
which Gadaffi was travelling; be 
survived, but up to 60 officers were 
executed as a result. 

A year earlier, on May 8 1984, 
Gadaffi had received a harsh lesson 
in the penalties of supreme power 
when his Tripoli barracks came 
under heavy mortar fire from 
dissidents of Yiissef MagariefPs 
Libyan National Salvation Front. 
Twelve of the attackers were killed, 
with an - estimated 60 of Gadaffi's 
defenders. - Tto army was not 
immediately suspected, but in the 
aftermath of the coup attempt it was 
armed members of the revolutionary 
committees, not regular troops; who 
patrolled the streets of the capitaL 

All this has .only reinforced 
Gadaffi's determination to maintain 
a people's army rather than a 
professional military force. The very 
idea of a regular army is antithetical 
to the values of his revolution. The 

officer corps of the 4,000-strong 
armyis still composed of traditional, 
conservative soldiers who maintain 
their loyalty to the state because they 
share the same nationalistic, though 
not philosophical sentiments as 

• Revolutionary committees have 
meanwhile encouraged demands 
within the "people's congresses" for 
members of the "popular militia", in 
which every able-bodied' man has to 
serve, to pul in more than the 
present one month a year training 
period. .At times, the committees 
have gone too far. When Gadaffi 
announced that all symbols of the 
bourgeoisie should be eradicated, 
several army officers based in 
Tripoli found' that their new BMW 
limousines had been set on fire and 

Events outside Libya have long 
presented an internal military; threat 
to Gadaffi. When the AJgeri&ns. 
moved troops through Tunisia dose 
to the Libyan border last year, there 
was a serious mutiny in the desert by 
units of both the Libyan army and 
air force - at least one jet attacked 
an army headquarters with rocket 
fire - and & series, of arrests and 
executions inevitably followed. 
Moscow was' -already ' deeply - un- 
happy at the possibility of a battle , 
between Libya and Algeria; both are 
equipped with Russian arms .and use 
Soviet advisers, and it. remains 
undear whether Soviet agents had 
any hand in the Uprising. 

When a conflict with Egypt 
seemed imminent in November, 
therefore, Gadaffi was in ho mood 
to tolerate Ishkar’s criticism. He is 
well aware that the -CIA, according 
to American press reports, would 
like to lure hhn into some foreign 
adventure that would prompt a full- 
scale miliary uprising. That is one 
reason why he now keeps his troop 
strength' in Chad down to about 
6,000 men. Chad is not a popular 
war hare. 

Nor docs the army approve of 
Gadaffi’s relations with the Palest- 
inians. The hijacking of the Egyptian 
airliner was probably the last straw 
for Ishkar, who may have thought 
that the jet was heading for Tripoli. 
In any event, his condemnation was 
never heard. Nor did the army 
display any reaction. Indeed it has 
had little opportunity to da so. Last 
year the annual military parade r 
marking the anniversary of Gadaffi’s 
revolution .was cancelled on his 
orders. He remembered too well, no 
doubt, how his Egyptian, enemy 
Anwar Sadat had met his fete. 

that when, in his Own good time, . be 
had left them, he would happily 
disclose information supposed to be 
confidential, even - though With 
resignation he bad lost .a minister's 

right to authorize disclosure. They , ... 

would be aware that he would- 1 feel - question of; public spemfinjt /Morei 
free to write his own version of . .o y ® r , a prime- minister wiric accepted 
events, knowing that his colleagues most of her predecessor’s cabinet as 
still in office would find it difficult , her own,- even though sfie hfld>bdefl 


; by the goyernmeptV oftoL kri 
iktious handling tif the grtai 

to reply in kind without equivalent 
betrayal of confidential discussions. 
They would even have to accept 
being, wrong-footed or find - them- 
selves making the - kind of 
disclosures which not only -lead to a 
demand for still more disclosures, 
but also involve revealing; .things 
said in private only on the 
assumption, that private' they would 

re main _ . 

'No group of individuals trying to 
work together, ^whether in a cabinet* 
a board of directors, a trade union, or 
a committee, could operate -freely if 
they all chose to act as-Heseltinehas 
done. At every sign that the crisis 
might be dying down he has bJown 
on the flames. His determination to 
force publication of the confidential 
letter from British: Aerospace to the 
Prime Minister is the Jatest.example. 
of this; , 

Heseltmcis not. the first minister 
)o fight, outside the cabinet, as well 
is in it, for the policies he wants. But 
such action has hitherto taken forms 
which do not threaten the govern- 
ment's future, (except, ofewrev 
when, the issue -is .so great' .tha. -* • 
party splits, as-thp Libefals did over - 
Home. Rule, and Labour over 
National government in 1931 .) . 

The intrinsically minor Westland 
affair, with its miasma of leak-and 
counter-leak, accusation and dis- 
trust, has /been an exercise in the 
politically unnecessary. In the later 
stages of the crisftj'ifris hard to see 
Hesel tine’s conduci as other -than a- 
. wrecking exercise, whether the 
driving force came from- personal 
excitement, calculation- or (prob- 
ably) a bit of both. <His resignation, 
Mrs Hesdtine has revealingly told . 
us, “certainly - wasn’t a snap de- 

Yet there is- no doubt that great 
and probaMy. lasting harm has been 

elected leader in order, to change the 
political direction, hardly, suggests 
- total dogmatism. . ; * 

In feet, she has put. up wjth 
repeated resistance and rebellion 
from a (action left - over ' from -the- 
previous regime. As her colleagues 
Norman St John Stevfis, Sir las 
Gflmour, Francis Pyrnand James. 
Prior campaig ned through the media 
for. more - public spending ' she 
accepted /it. .with / a great deal; of 
-tolerance tintiLeacb in mrnreactad 
a position in which- he could only 
. depart ' Apart from. Peter -.Walker*, 
only HeseUihe remained- -of their 
number; and he has 'gone in a. 
manner. that ^ makes ' maxim tin 
mischief • • •••.. . 

Yet apart from higher spending, 
what would their poficies have 
amounted had they been the 
decisive -dement in government?; 
Would they, have provided the drive? 
which has brought inflation downlo 
belqw 4 per cent, reformed trade 1 
union law and created a new union 
- democracy, privatized a proportion/ 
of state industry few would hare 
thought possible 'ten years aga ’ 
^ forced Labour to" rethink 1 its 1 ' 
nationalization policy, and (in short) 
has- brought about the biggest social 
change since ..1945; generally in a ., 
more popular direction?. 

That is inconceivable; Whatever - 
her faults,- Mrs Thatcher has led one 
of the most, remarkable * and 
-successful governments, of: /this 
-ceiUmy; Yes, she often sounds ; 
bossy, insistent and dogmatic. But . 
she has probably had to talk like tot 
to have, her case heard- at* all, and 
heard it has., been. The Tory. party 
can rightly feel that she'couldtove ' 
handled the Heseltine_ case; much 
better, but the fault in this case has., 
been one of too .much rather tout 
too little tpferanoe. • V 

,J2: -• 


f* ■' 

■*r v 

- tT.-. 






moreover . . . Miles Kington 


•s -- . . 


Did yon get nothing in the post . say when she had the chance to 
Feeling left out? Thai Just cot pretend Mrs, PrendergasL And 

out, this piece careftdly, fold It and 
pot it through your own letter box! - 

Bringing the Westland debate down to earth 

‘I hadn't realized we were that 
near a general election' 

All in vain 

Inside sources tell me that left-wing 
Bristol city councillor Andrew May 
is a cert to replace Michael Cocks, 
former Labour chief whip and the 
party's only West Country MP. after 
his likely deselection on Sunday. 
Cocks stood down as chief whip last 
monih partly because of alleged 
pressure from Kirin ock and also, it is 
said, to concentrate on wooing his 
recalcitrant party in Bristol South. 
Perhaps he should take Kinnock’s 
peerage offer fast 


If defence procurement minister 
Norman Laraont had flounced out 
of the Government alongside 
Michael Hescltinc. it would have 
made little difference to the 
Conservative Party’s 1986 pocket 
diary. Its list of ministers leaves out 
Lamont’s name entirely - an error 
which embarrassed staff at Central 
Office yesterday promised to rectify 
as soon as possible. 

Fur flying 

Be you ever so ideologically sound, 
the GLC can still call you sexist The 
latest victim is Greenpeace, whose 
anti-fur trade poster is being 
displayed at an exhibition in County 
Hall as an example of offensive 
work- The poster depicts a woman 
wearing a fur coat with the caption: 
“It takes up to 40 dumb animals to 
make a fur coat but only one to wear 


The battle over the ailing Westland 
helicopter company is laigelv being 
fought in a code consisting of letters 
and numbers obscure to most people 
outside the aviation industry. These 
describe dreams and schemes for 
helicopters, most of which have not 
yet left the drawing board. 

The helicopter’s flexibility and 
mobility has meant that it has 
become increasingly central to 
conventional military planning. The 
furore over Westland reflects in part 
the feet that the market, despite the 
present hiccup that led to Wes- 
tland’s problems, is growing, not 

A number of unfamiliar terms 
will be in frequent use at the 
Westland Shareholders* meeting at 
the Albert Hall tomorrow. This is a 
summary of the most contentious 
projects and the latest state of the 
arguments about each. 

AST-404: Air Staff Target 404 was a 
programme under which the RAF 
was to have obtained replacements 
for the Wessex and Puma helicop- 
ters used in support of the army for 
moving Lroops and equipment It 
had been thought ihat up to 125 
helicopters would be required. The 
contenders were Sikorsky’s Black 
Hawk, Westland's W-30 and Aero- 
spatiale's Super Puma. 

However, the Army began to 
think that something larger than the 
helicopter proposed under AST-404 
would be required and the pro- 
gramme was shelved. Because of 
this, Heseltine has been saying there 
is no present requirement for the 
Black Hawk or for the other aircraft 
contending for AST-404. 

Blade Hawk: This Sikorsky helicop- 
ter is at the heart of the Sikorsky- 
Rat offer, under which Westland 
would pay £5 million for a licence to 

Black. Hawk: Sikorsky's 
world challenger 

build and sell it. Sikorsky has so far 
built about 300 Black Hawks, most 
are for the US army, but about 40 
are for overseas markets - and 
Sikorsky claims that after only three 
years of marketing it around the 
world it has other firm or strong 
prospects for orders for another 1 30. 

Although .critics challenge the 
prospects of Westland acquiring 
Black Hawk orders, Sikorsky be- 
lieves there will be a requirement for 
750 helicopters in this category in 
markets where Westland is well 
placed to compete. 

European collaboration: If the 
European consortium’s proposals 
are eventually accepted by Westland 
shareholders, it hopes to reach 
agreement on a family of helicopters 
for three separate military tasks, to 
be produced in collaboration by 
Britain, West Germany, Fiance, 
Italy and other countries. The three 
roles are sea-based operations; a 

Super Puma: contender for 
British army role 

the sort of role for the British army 
envisaged by AST-404. It is the 
subject of a project definition study 
involving Britain, France.' West 
Germany. Italy and Holland, .and 
would be expected to enter service in 
the mid-1990s. 

It is estimated that European 
forces would, require about 700 of 
this aircraft. It is one of the projects 
from which Westland is threatened 
with exclusion if it teams up with 
Sikorsky, if only because the Black 
Hawk is - seen as a potential 

projects if it linked with Sikorsky. 
However, Westland has supplied 
nearly all the helicopters used by the 
British armed forces .and Mrs; 
Thatcher has made it dear that the 
government would try to persuade 
the Europeans not to discriminate 
against Westland. 

All three European tasks could be 
fulfilled by projects pow at various 
stages of development or discussion, 
although su pp o r te r s of Sikorsky are 
sceptical about how far these 
projects will actually go. 

• The naval helicopter, the EH- 
101, is being produced jointly by 
Westland and Agusta of Italy, a 
member of the European consor- 
tium' (EH stands for “European 
helicopter 1 ”), it is due .to enter 
service with the British and Italian 
navies in the early 1990s. replacing 
in the Royal Navy the costing Sea 

- • Two European programmes aim 
to fulfill the light battlefield/ 
anti-tank helicopter role. One is the 
PAH-2 Franco-Gemtan programme; 
in the other Britain, Italy, Holland 
and Spain are disci wting the 
possibility of developing the Italian 
A-129 helicopter for this task- It 
proposed that both projects should 
be merged to produce a ■ single 
design, of which more than 600 are 
estimated to be required in Europe. 
Westland . is threatened . with .ex- 
clusion from this project also if it 
accepts the Sikorsky offer. 

In looking at these projects, 
.Westland shareholders will have. to 
consider two fundamental ques- 

• Dear Reader, 

Yes, it’s true! You have been 
selected from among - many : thou- 
sands of Times readers to receive an 
absolutely. FREE PRIZE! All you 
have to do is fill in the form at the 
end of this letter and send it offi and 
you win receive an absolutely FREE 
PRIZE.. And we think you wifi send 
off the form because,. by the time 
you have finished reading this tetter, 
you -wifi be convinced - by our 
arguments and also by the .way we 
pnnt FREE. PRIZE in. capitals a Jot 
Sometimes we like - doing MAG- 
NIFICENT in' capitals, or- even 
NOW! but mostly wp like doing 

Now, as an intelligent Times 
reader you’re, probably saying to 
yourself. Hey, hold- on a moment. 
That's a tautology: All prizes are 
free: If you have to pay for it, it’s not 
a prize. And anyway; if I’ve doue : 
nothing to deserve it, it’s not h prize, 
ti's a present And I bet there's some 

0 Chn Westland sell the Blade 
Hawk in world markets if it accepts 
the Sikaraky/Eat affct? 

0 Do they believe that the pro- 
posed European collaborative pro. 

; You re right! You're absolutely, 
nght! You’re the land of snappy 
intelligent reader vreYe . after. So 
we'll rephrase' that, and say. that if 
you fill in the form at the end; you’ll 
receive immediately A PRESENT 
after that you ran go on the mystery 
trail, which could win you £36,000. 
In our last ,- competition, *Mn 
rrendergast of Swansea went on the 
mystoy. trail and won £30,000!. 
Here s 'a picture of her b eaming and" 
holding the cheque for £30,000, and 
here s what she had to say! 

“Hello. I work for 

■you could be the' next winner' of our 
mystery trail, as. long -as yo u sen d 
o ff at once for. A - PATHETIC- - 
Now, why 'are we doing. this? Ate 
we pushihg some magazine whose 
circulation has sunk below 10,000? 
Are we starting .a part publication 
called Men, Guns and Lots of 
Violent Photos? Is it a disguised - 
appeal to Westland shareholders? 
Or is it the lads at the Victoria- & 
Albert Museum -at; worii again, I 
thinking of new ways, .of getting 

'• Nothing like that at aifi This' is the 
launch of an absolutely new credit 
card, the Moreover Universal Credit 
card. We can safely say that this new 
credit card is like no- other -credit 
card ever invented. Why?; Because ' 
there is' no shop, restaurant or hotel 
in the world that accepts iti -. 

Yes, if. you have ever - womed 
about over-spending on yoiir credit 

you didn’t want, this .fe^Kdius'fei 1 . 
you! When you present the More- 
over - Universal Credit Card, yw 
know ■ that the ' salesman " * will 
murmur: “Moreover? Certainly, ad- 
just wait there while I send 'for the 
police.” . . i • 

Not only that; bat .the Moreover - 
Universal Credit Card can -also -he'- 
used for cutting pastiy, inflicting 
nasty wmnds on mu®ers, removing 
ice - from car . -windows. :- ‘ 

..And another- ihing. As ; soon 
you have your Moreover can! ypo - - 
will start getting bins for accounts 
nio up by us! That’s, because 
. have an identical copy of your cam, 
..and we intend to use it as soon as 

‘Sfeirv ■ 

'Hili c:- 

jlT'Q 'j,. 


’tttr-- . . 


; S| rai'; 

^ttdergasLpf Swannea. jqbt : a bad Address 

... Uaborative pro- ahimdred quid. I tocfore”rbhOTueftff*£io. I havort r ' 

ipramr^^come to fitation, and - E Lj&fSSf ^Mni Prenttegast of ; thefe^ 

5 their comoanv owansea! Will you reallv MtaPPn „n * . 

Kings. This prqject is the subject of . _ _ _ _ 

.... - , . binding contracts and seems certain if so* do they believe their company a ‘ TOnsea l Will you really geta FREF m >nf »* auVCZ**’w 

medium-weight transport for use m to gcT ahead whether Wwtfend will be shut out if they link with PRIZE? Is that blob n# thfS 

support of ihe^armyand ina na^I gccepls ^ Sdborsky or the Euro- .Sikoralcy?. . . Haflej^ Comet or a maifc’onffc isnnmSS 

context, and a lightweight battlefield. . n^n mm* n*rir*oi* • • y window? Who’s to say? It'sa fimnv tte ^ £30 ’^ 00 niyE 

nM wnrfrl ”■ • ' J 


i battlefield . JSSrescE 

Westland has been warned -that it 
would be excluded from European: 

0 The medium transport helicop- 
ter, NH-9Q, is seen as carrying out- 

Rodney Cowton I 

. * mystery 

keep the money*,... 

am over 21 >and should 




• . i._. 

Kb, ■ 


Spi ? v 




7, 200 Gray’s Inn Road, London WC1X 8EZ. ' Telephone: 01-837 1234 

the national interest 

Mis Thatcher faced two political 
opponents yesterday, Mr Neil 
Kurnock, the leader of the 
opposition, and Mr Michael 
An Heseltme, her former Defence 
% secretary. By the dictates of 
whamentaiy debate she di- 
rected her reply only against the 
generalized critique or Mr Kin- 
nock. She opened her speech 
JJ^th the words that there was 
not a great deal to answer”. The 
long sequence of yesterday’s 
publications, pontifications, and 
allegations suggests however that 
there is still a great deal to 

Th e political questions con- 
cerning the true nature of the 
Government’s understanding, of 
£\ non-intervention in industry are 
likely to emerge through the 
ordinary business of political 
discourse. Considering the con- 
fusion that clearly exists in Mr 
Leon Brittan’s mind about this 
matter, this can only be to the 
good of the Government’s long- 
term prospects. 

On the questions of feet, 
however, concerning the events 
of December and January de- 
scribed by Mrs Thatcher and Mr 
Heseltine yesterday, a more 
- formal method will have' to be 
I . found to resolve the extraordi- 
narily damaging divergence 
between the accounts of two 
politicians who until recently 
shared the responsibility for this 
country’s defence. 

Mrs Thatcher spoke before Mr 
Heseltine yesterday. She gave an 
internally consistent account of 
her Government’s interest in 
and attitude to the Westland 
company. Mr Heseltine gave a 
version of the sam e events which 
was also in itself consistent If he 
is right in saying that a meeting 
of ministers to discuss his 
European proposals had been 
\ agreed for December 13 and that 
such a meeting was cancelled to 
prevent him making his case, he 
has a good right to be aggrieved. 
If he is right in alleging that the 
British ambassador in Rome was 
instructed by the Foreign Office 
to ask the Italian Government to 
refrain from supporting the 
European consortium, this too 
constitutes a bizarre case to 
answer. If efforts were made to 
“stop” a BBC programme on 
which he was to appear this too 
is a serious matter. 

We have no evidence, of 
course, whether any of these 
charges can be substantiated. 

, But, for example, on the ques- 
i tion of the “agreed meeting” the 
point at issue is no longer just 
the constitutional behaviour of 
Ministers within the confines of 
cabinet government but a matter 
of feet As has been said on a 
number of occasions throughout 
this afiair, someone is telling the 
truth and someone is not 
For what will be a primarily 
evidential inquiry, an investi- 
gation by a committee of the 
whole House, as proposed by Mr 
Kinnock, would be perhaps the 

least appropriate method. A 
rapid inquiry by a high court 
judge must be given urgent 
consideration. When the Wes- 
tland afiair is over many ques- 
tions will remain. Some were 
raised yesterday. They indude 
questions of the Official Secrets 
Act the increasingly public 
nature of cabinet committees, ad 
hoc committees and other mech- 
anisms of Britain's secret consti- 
tution which, until recently, were 
never admitted to exist They 
include all the crucial questions 
of ministerial responsibility and 
behaviour which have emerged 
in the last few days. 

For such a debate to proceed it 
will be vital that it has the fects 
concerning the events that 
sparked it off Otherwise mud 
will simply be piled upon mud, 
some sucking, some felling ofl; 
but all of it obscuring the issues. 

Mrs Thatcher’s reply to Mr 
Kinnock yesterday did not 
suggest that she has yet grasped 
the importance of what is going 
on. For her immediate political 
concerns this may appear to be 
the best policy. She clearly found 
it difficult to distance herself by 
a fraction from the position of 
the hapless Mr Brittan who was 
to follow her in the debate. Mr 
Kinnock, moreover, chose to 
make familiar assaults on her 
domineering attitude and the 
“jelloid ministers” in her 
Government. He supported the 
version of Mr Brittan’s meeting 
with Sir Raymond Lygo that was 
revealed in the controversial 
letter from Sir Austin Pearce, 
which the Government yester- 
day published. Mr Kinnock gave 
a fulsome account of Sir Ray- 
mond’s good character and 
doubted whether he was the type 
of man who would have said he 
had been threatened if he had 
not been. 

But this letter - for ail that it 
had been at the centre of the 
political storm on Monday - was 
essentially part of a disagreement 
between two interested parties in 
the Westland conflict A deeper 
danger to Mis Thatcher’s 
Government is the utter con- 
fusion about the Government’s 
policy of non-intervention in 
industry that is portrayed in the 
Trade and Industry Secretary’s 
own departmental record of die 
Lygo meeting. Mr Brittan’s 
private secretary, Mr John 
Mogg, dutifully records that Mr 
Brittan told Sir Raymond “that 
it was a matter for the company 
to decide what course to follow 
and that he himself had no view 
on the merits of the two offers”. 

He goes on, however, to 
record Mr Brittan’s view that 
“the nature of the campaigning 
and the overtones of anti-Ameri- 
can sentiment were particularly 
damaging”. There is an impli- 
cation here that the nature of the 
campaigning was not the only 
thing that was damaging. He 


The latest public spending white 
paper is enhanced by charts and 
tables which make the Govern- 
ment’s annual explanation of 
how it spends nearly half of our 
national income more accessible 
to the ordinary tax-paying voter 
than ever before. Welcome, too, 
is this white paper’s attention to 
the costs of government - the 
burden of administrative ex- 
pense - and the efficiency with 
which public services are de- 

Its clarity, however, serves to 
reveal the white paper's message 
in even sharper relief. This is a 
full, formal and final recognition 
that the Thatcher Government 
has failed to cut public spending. 
Even supposing ministers man- 
age to stick to these plans - and 
more often than not in the past, 
such long-term spending plans 
have been exceeded - public 
spending would be eight per cent 
higher, in real terms, in 1988-89 
than it was a decade earlier, in 
the last year of the Labour 

Public spending rose, in real 
terms, in every one of the first 
six years of Mrs Thatcher’s rule. 
The present year (1985-86) is the 
first in which there is likely to be 
a small drop, although the full 
figures are not yet in. The 
Government is benefiting from 
the end of the miners' strike last 
yean its costs inflated earlier 
figures. Even if this temporary 
effect is ignored, there is some 
suggestion of a halt to spending’s 
relentless rise. But there is no 
suggestion of a real reversal of 
the years of continuous increase. 

The increase took place 
against the background of con- 
stantly rising unemployment, 
adding to the cost of social 
security, which is the Govern- 
ment's largest spending pro- 
gramme; and extra commit- 
ments to NATO, which forced 
up its second largest spending 
programme. For some years, too, 
the Government could plead the 
difficulty of adjusting plans 
already made: the ship of state 

spending could not be turned at 
speed. Now, however, the 
Government has entered a 
different phase, when these 
excuses no longer hold good. 

. Unemployment is no longer 
rising fast. A small fall, indeed, is 
assumed in the latest plans. 
Defence chiefs are no longer 
receiving real increases in their 
budgets of three per cent a year, 
but are facing small cuts over the 
next three years. 

By the end of the Govern- 
ment’s second parliamentary 
term, which these latest plans 
now cover, policy can be ex- 
pected to bear fruit. Changes at 
Trade and Industry have indeed 
cut subsidies to nationalized 
industries and to companies in 
weaker parts of the economy. 
The Government’s campaign of 
asset sales is at its height and the 
receipts from sales of shares in 
public sector companies, or of 
public housing, go to reduce the 
recorded net total of public 
spending. Higher prescription 
charges, a squeeze on local 
authorities, education cuts, have 
all been gnttily imposed by the 
Government Yet still its plans 
show nothing more than an 
intention to hold total spending 
constant in real terms until after 
the next general election. 

This is a hr cry from the 
rhetoric of 1979. The Govern- 
ment can claim that if spending 
is held constant the benefits of 
economic growth are free to flow 
into private pockets through tax 
cuts. Fair enough. If (and it is 
such a big “if”) these latest 
forecasts hold good, by 1988-89 
the Government will be dispos- 
ing of only about 41 per cent of 
national income, as compared 
with 43 per cent in 1978-79, 
before Mrs Thatcher was elected 
- and 4 6V4 per cent in the rniHrf ip, 
of her first term, in 1981-82. 
This would be a welcome shift in 
the balance of resources; it is not 
the same thing as a real cut in 

It is a defeat the Government 
has sought to dis g uis e by a 
personality split. Asset sales. 

which keep the total constant, 
give an appearance of budgetary 
prudence: they help to keep the 
totals unchanged from plan to 
plan. But they have also helped 
to finance increases in pro- 
grammes with a human face. 

. The plans for the year im- 
mediately ahead (1986-87) pro- 
vide a perfect illustration. In 
theory, they imply a modest real 
cut in spending. In practice, asset 
sales, together with a cut in the 
Treasury’s reserve for emerg- 
encies, have gone to finance £4 
billion of extra spending which 
has been added to departments’ 
plans just since last year’s white 
paper. Roadbuilding is to be 
increased by 10 per cent next 
year, to placate the construction 
lobby. Employment programmes 
have been boosted by over £500 
million. And the social security 
budget has been increased by 
nearly £1 billion. 

This last and largest pro- 
gramme represents the Govern- 
ment’s greatest weakness. These 
public spending plans, for the 
first time, include future years in 
which the consequences of Mr 
Norman Fowler’s social security 
reviews will begin to take effect. 
These plans show the first 
financial consequences of an 
overhaul intended to cut out 
wasteful expenditure and exam- 
ine the very foundations of the 
old-style welfare state. These 
reviews have hit the public 
spending totals not with a bang, 
but a whimper. 

There is a warning for the 
other political parties here too. If 
Mrs Thatcher’s Government, 
elected with axe in hand, has 
failed to cut spending, how 
would governments still keener 
to demonstrate compassion or 
placate public-sector unions fere 
in office? The momentum of 
public spending is perilously 
strong. Yet the first message 
must be to the Government that 
where most radical reappraisal 
was needed, the effort was 
insufficient. The social security 
budget tells the rale- 


Defence words that return to plague 

records that the Secretary of 
State would have found it 
“helpful if British Aerospace bad 
spoken to him initially*. -There 
follows the strong implication 
that if Mr Brittan had been' so 
consulted he would have advised 
against British Aerospace join- 
ing, let alone leading, the 
European consortium. 

It should be remembered that 
this discussion was between a 
cabinet Minister and the chief 
executive of a company whose 
shares had been sold by the 
Government in May as part of a 
general strategy of reducing its 
interference in industrial de- 
cision making. According to Mr 
Mogg, Sir Raymond was left 
doubtful about what exactly was 
the national interest. Well he 
might have been. As Sir Austin 
Pearce was to put it in bis letter 
to the Prime Minister “we have 
been told by another great 
Deportment of Stale that what 
British Aerospace were doing 
was in the national interest”. 

For Mrs Thatcher’s own 
political interest it is important 
that this philosophical issue be 
resolved dearly and quickly. In 
Mr Heseltine she now has a . 
dete rmined and well-informed 
proponent of the interventionist' 
alternative on her own back 
benches. The Prime Minister’s 
enemies may well be thinking 
now that there is some deep and 
undisdosed reason why she leant 
her weight to the Sikorsky 
proposal as she is alleged to have 
done. The talk turns to Star 
Wars work and other great 
political matters besides. But at 
the heart of Mrs Thatcher’s 
worries about the European 
alternative is just as likely to 
have been the fear of being 
forced to create a State industry 
out of a lame duck. 

Twice this week the Militan t 
Labour MP, David Nelli st, has 
called for the nationalization of 
Westland. At the bottom of Mrs 
Thatcher’s min d may have 
lurked the fear that Mr Heseltine 
would be prepared to counten- 
ance that possibility too. 

At this stage in the Westland 
affair we can see short-term 
damage to the Government and 
flaws m its philosophy that may 
be dangerous in the longer-term; 
there are short-term affronts to 
the dignity of cabinet govern- 
ment and the prospect of 
strengthening it in the longer 
term if the right lessons are 
learnt and acted upon. But the 
nastiest taste - which may linger 
longer than any but Britain’s 
enemies would wish - is the 
exploitation, by Mr Heseltine 
above all, of growing anti-Ameri- 
can feeling. Contemptuous refer- 
ences to stampeding American 
multinationals grasping for Brit- 
ish “job lots” unde rmin e the 
transatlantic relationship which 
is the paramount national inter- 
est in this case. 

From Air Vice-Marshal J. C T. 
Downey ■ 

Sir, To anyone interested in defence 
a is disturbing throughout the 
Westland affair merfi* attention lias 
centre^ bn the personalities of tee 
politicians involved and how their 
careers may have been affected. 

are now. II different in seven 

d if fere n t countries working on anti-tank 
we a po ns; 18 firms in seven countries 
making ground-to-air wea p o n s right 
ftmt at six countries Tnalang air-to-air 
weapons; 16 firms in seven nations 
working on arr-to-ground weapons and 
10 firms in seven countries working on 
ship-to-sirip weapons. We have, teen, a 

DeCn OTato, E»a««r more fi^mmted 

Wiethe Westland iSrifaS 

has been discuss ed It has usuall y rfn pKMH ng 7 eflnrf a Awwi rim« nrmftt 
been a matter of guessing which way That n 

been a matter ofgnessmg winch way That passage is from a lecture 

its employees and_ shareholders will gj-y^ on October 3, 1984. The 
react in their own interests. speaker was the Right Hon Michael 

The nal issue, -what Hesritine, MP, Secretary of State for 

happen to Westland m tee interests tv ^ 
of defence, has been accorded small Yours faithfiiUy, 


plete contexts, such as tee need to windmill Hoase, 
protect purely . British, defence windmffl Fidd^ 

British defence 

- , _ - - . . . Windmill Held, 

technology against American and Bosham, Sussex, 
other compesmon. January 13. 

The real reason why it is so 
crucially important who owns and * 

On keeping quiet 

Europe gets hs act together Nato will from Mr P. A. S. Taylor 

come under increasing and eventu- _. . .. . » 

ally economic strain. The Occasionally, over the yeais, I 

ovarite^problem ofde&nce in the have needed te ask the nxaprem .to 
SS^tSsrenwSsbecn Tespect the pnvate and confictenti^ 
hyper-inflation and theimpossibmty a communication^ , to 

fident arms procurement arranged 

w a «aw held to entitle tee recipient, if asked. 

On keeping quiet 

-h-rtnoL, wrv oocnmeiu ana ns envelope aceuiu- 
fident arms procurement arranged ^delic^uld'te 

0n /S^ppU^f^5ie Warsaw 

Pact nations are produced almost * ?“* *“* 1 ^ commumcated 
wholly in Soviet Union, allowing mm. 

iour politics ft is quite 

& D (research and development) 
«nd conferring total military stan- 
dardisation throughout tee Eastern 
bloc. The USA per se enjoys much 
the same economy of scale but, in a 
free aninnop;, cann ot confer this 
advantage on its par tn ers a gaimo the 
latters* industrial, technological and 
political interests. 

This would not matter if the West 
European arms industry was in the 
same league, hut it is not. To quote 
from the Journal of the Royal 
United Services Institute for De- 
fence Studies (December 1984), 

The scale of fragmentation of tee 
European defence industrial base is ... 
worth setting out Within Nato there 

development) lour 01 po“«oans « » 
mflitarystan- acceptable to dp this, just as rt is 
it tee Eastern ?° w commonplace to leak secret 
enjoys much mformation, to impute ulterior 
W iu a motives, to denigrate and to smear, 
confer this in order to gain political advantage, 
sis against the . It is small wonder that progress- 

inokScaTand ** 

^ has declined to such an extent that 

ter if the West mere p label “politician” is in 

tv was in the Uecommg a term of 

not. To quote ^^°M£ C f° fabUSe ’ 
f the Royal Yours faithfully, 

[tote for De- P- A TAYLOR, 

er 19841 Little Paddock, 

ration of tee High Street, 

rial base is ... Long Crendon, Buc kingh a m shire. 

Item Nato there January 14. 

Decline in research 

From Mr Peter Crqft 

either automatically reject anything 
novel, whatever its advantages, or 

Frauds that pass 
all understanding 

From Mr GH. Ralph 
Sir, I suppose the most telling 
sentence in Mr Walter Merricks’s 
article, “Keep tee Jury and Still Beat 
Fraud” (January 14) is this one: 
“There is no .evidence from judges or 
lawyers (my italics) that juries do 
not understand tee cases or that 
their verdicts are unreasonable or 

Of course there isn’t. Lawyers are 
not allowed on juries. If Mr 
Memcks, a lawyer himself, could 
have served on a jmy that included 
me some years ago, his education 
would have been startling and 

One case we tried involved what 
was teen called fraudulent conver- 
sion and embezzlement. (These 
offences are still going on, but we 
call teem something else.) After 20 
minutes in our retiring room one 
very young chap told our foreman: 
"Fur -as Fm concerned, mate, they 
might as well have said all that in 
Chinese”. Two older men then 
partially though rather shyly agreed 
with him. Our two women mem- 
bers, both knitting, said, “Well there 
you are; that’s how we feel, too.” 

What the others then said (I can 
remember three comforting excep- 
tions) made me feel simply sick at 
heart, appalled to think that this was 
an example of a system of justice so 
fervently praised (by lawyers 
especially) down the centuries. 

Mr Merricks’s most important 
plea is that “we should amend the 
law so teat some sensible research 
into the workings of the jury system 
can . . .establish tee extent or 
otherwise of juror comprehension.” 
Yours sincerely, 


Rushette Edge, 

Rushext Common, 




January 14. 

From Mr Gershon EUenbogen 
Sir, After a famous City fraud trial 
some years ago, I was told by one of 
the leading defence counsel (wbo 
subsequently became a lord justice 
of appeal) . that he and his colleagues 
- all among the most distinguished 

Sir, Sir Christopher LsidlaW, teoer “ "“°«tiori could 

subject it to a grey drrale of “ 

nr-oiii vMrm ,K fl , criminal practitioners of tee day - 

(January 8) relates to only, one 
aspect of a profoundly depressing 
national disease in technological 

In this company, our experience 
as investment managers for innova- 

ever survive. 

As an addition, there is tee 
enormous difficulty and expense of 
cracking the export markets on 
which long-term growth must 

It- is significant That the one area 

tive concepts overw helming ly indi- where some of these constraints are 

cates that while there are many such 
available, among the problems they 
have to face are: lack of available 
support (we do our best but we are 
among The; very few organizations 
open to early-stage ventures); unreal 

loosened is Cambridge in particular, 
and East Anglia in general. As a 
result these areas are most prosper- 
ous and rapidly developing in the 
country. Unless and until tee culture 
teat has emerged here can be 

expectations of inventors as to how' transplanted, it is to be feared that 
fast and cheaply their concepts can our decline will continue. 

be rendered commercial, and indeed Yours fa 
a general disdain for commercial PETER ( 
considerations; and, most crip- Prelude' 
plingly, the fearful HraHt-ning tim- TiTnhftri 
idity of purchasers in large com- Science I 
panies '-and official bodies, who Milton R 

Yours faithfully, 

PETER CROFT, Director. 
Prelude Technology Investments 


Trac an Hirictianc influence in high places has been a 

jews ana uinsaans factor - w ^ MtioI1 - s increased 

From the Reverend Keith G. belligerency and could well lead to 
Williams nuclear war (the more so because of 

Sir. Clifford Langley will know it is 

-,.,1 ., tmhc l„ v - _ r . .. L, allow the world to be destroyed, out 
not only Jew who have cause to be ^ - ~ ■ ■ timTand 

concerned about tee intense prose- 

Mising carried out by evangelical "KdSSSh of what happens 

fa o^ty^ties is tee resXSf 
youthful wRhnwnan and fundamen- 

Christian faith or left confused by 

tee activities of this militant gnosuc tendencies, and teat those 
minority, in fact they repd far more who , .perpetrate those distortions 
than thev “save” should be supported by others in tee 

tnan tney -save . Church who ought to know better. 

The past decade has seen an Yours faithfully, 
upsurge in fundamentalism in tee K. G. WILLIAMS, 
world s religions, often with tragic The Vicarage, 
and disastrous consequences. It is 2 Nostril Lane, 
arguable that the rise in fimdam en- RyhilL 
talism in the United Sates and its Wakefield.' West Yorkshire, 

Born to blush unseen Winged chariot 

From Mr Rowland C. H. Walker From Mr Lawrence^ Grimsdale 

Sir, In his letter (January 3) tee Rev * su ??. st fi 

John TTcehinst if anyone (J anu ary 11) finds time passing. 

e^kn^rKe^SppiSrididfa more qmckly than n did teirtyyeare 
tkT W a ago for the same reason teat I find 

SESSs menses 

Because there are no aspirates fa LAWRENCE GRIMSDALE, 
tee Luganda language and syllables 92 Knowle 
usually end with a vowel, he named. Ecdesall, Sheffield, 
his daughter Kerenn-Kappud. ... 

Together they helped me to learn - 

the language. My dictionary told me W OndS fipSTt 

met together at tee conclusion of 
each day’s hearing and had ex- 
plained to them by one of their 
number (later the much-lamented 
Mr Justice Finer) tee intricacies of 
their clients' operations, he being tee 
only one who had a complete 
understanding of tee case. 

Can Mr Walter Memcks really 
suppose that a case of such 
complexity could be made clear to a 
jury - particularly when anyone 
presenting an outward semblance of 
intelligence would so far as possible 
have been eliminated by peremptory 
challenges on the part of the 

1 am etc, 


2 Gray’s Inn Square, WC1. 

January 15. . 

Sleepers awake 

From Dr Geoffrey Walsh 
Sir, Under the title “Heads roll on 
the 8.45” The Times on Wednesday. 
August 31, 1966, nicely summarised 
my work on head oscillations in. 
railway travellers. The most con- 
spicuous feature was a rhythmic 
lateral motion, evidently due to 
coach sway. 

Low-frequency vibration in 
people lying crosswise may set up an 
oscillation in tee contents of the 
thorax and abdomen, the diaphragm 
ascending and descending in a way 
some may find a little disturbing. 
This bodily resonance would not be 
likely with tee beds arranged 
longitudinally and the motion, like 
that of a rocking cradle, could be 
positively hypnotic, provided of 
course the axis of rotation was above , 
tee person and stayed that way , 
throughout tee night 

If the centre of rotation, was below { 
the bunk the person might be rolled 
out, a calamity exceedingly unlikely 
with tee present arrangements. 
Unlike Professor Fells (December 
28) I sleep perfectly on the new BR 

Yours faithfully 

that Kisosonkole meant “eggshell” 
and when I as k ed what his 
daughter’s name meant, he looked 
surprised and said I obviously didn’t 
know the Bible as well as he did if I 

From Mrs Doreen Gqfton 
Sir, Of my collection- of postcards 
received from tee USA last year, two 
were of “San Francisco, Oakland 

^ld reK^nfee the mime ofrae gfV Brid^" and “Lovely floral. ■« 

batch of daughter* ^^l^S™*?* 1 *** 

Teviot Place, Edinburgh. 

January 6. 

Lessons from Swiss 

From Mr Harold Sumption 
Sir, Switzerland's good sense is not 
confined to wider social issues 
Getters, December 27, January 4, 6, 
7, 8, 9). As a regular business visitor 
I am impressed by the attention to 
simple details that also contribute to 
a civilized lift 

At Zurich Airport one finds that 
luggage trolleys fit on to the 


JANUARY 161919 

Stephen Graham (2884-1975) a 
frequent contributor ta The Times uk» 

an author who, on foot, trcaxUBa many 
parts of the world. He served m the 

Scots Guards in the ranks 1917 - 18 . 


By Stephen Graham 

...Nearing Huy we turned south- 
eastward, and, crossing the Oinrtne at 
Hamoir, plunged into the Belgian 
Ardennes and near to the Grand 

fa® pip® 1 * 

were our companions, feeding ua and 
ar plori n g way. The various 

companies of the battalion took it m 
turns to be first in the march, to be 
second, to be third, to follow up the 
rear, and when the company wos _m 
front, it heard the music in afl its 
immediacy and splendour, but when it 
was hwhnid it only heard it far away, 
like a child’s voice sobbing or calling 
now and then. 

Wonderful pipes! The men get tired 
and would fall out, but the pipes make a 
unity of them, invisible tendons and 
muscles seemed to connect the legs of 
all fifes, and all move as one, 
mechanically, rhythmically, certainly. 
The strong are reduced to the step, the 
weak are braced up to it All bear the 
strain and share the strain. So we go 
on, and the miracle is in the power of 
the music. 

The first weeks of our journeying 
were punctuated by long halts, but the 
last ten. days in the wettest of the 
weather were contmous marches. They 
nw fe the most trying time of our 
experience. Boots wore out. Clothes got 
wet through and could not be dried. 
Rations were often delayed, and from 
continuous wearing of our heavy packs 
our shoulders were galled. But the 
curiosity to see Germany, the sense of 
an adventure, and the music kept our 
spirits up. 

Thus on the morning of December 
12, parading in tire wet before dawn, all 
in our waterproof capes, we left the Inst 
forlorn village of the Belgian Ardennes 
and climbed out to the mysterious line 
which we all wished to see, that put 
friendly land behind and left only 
enemy country in front One asked 
oneself what Germany would be like. 
But only an hour was needed to bring 
us to the Custom-houses and the sentry 
posts. We marched to attention, the 
rain streamed off our capes and trickled 
from our hats, but the tireless pipers 
played ahead, and by someone’s 
inspiration the word went to the pipe 
major, play ‘Over the Border,’ so with a 
skirl tiiat no weather could suppress we 
came up to the line to the strains oft 

Tdareh, march, all in good order. 

All the blue bonnets ore 
over the Border.* 

Then the pipers separated from the 
main body and took up their stand in a 
phalanx by the side of the road beside 
the familiar figure of our brigadier, and 
they played ‘Highland Laddie' whilst 
we marched past at the salute. Thus we 
entered Germany with no formalities, 
and no enemy in view. . . . 

When we began to see Germans they 
paid no attention to us whatever, but 
the woman at the well went on drawing 
water, and the man with straw in his 
arms continued his way to his barn 
without vouchsafing a glance. We saw 
women talking, with their backs to us, 
and they did not turn round to look at 
us as we passed. The children were as 
nonchalant towards the gay figures of 
our kihass as if they saw pipers every 
day of the week. It must be said that we 
were a little taken aback, a little 
mortified. But it rained and rained and 
the drums became silent, sodden and 
soaked with the water, and we splashed 
patiently and mechanically on through 
the mud and over the broken roads. . . . 

And with everyone wet to the bone 
we climbed tee excruciatingly broken 
read over the hill from Am el to 
Moderscbeide. In this wretched 
German village wa were billeted, and 
the vi*n myip hngp bdnfiree in the 
barnyards and stood round them to dry 
themselves. The Germans seemed to be 
rather afraid of us, and servile, but very 
poor. Tottering old men insisted on 
ahnlring bands with us. The girls of the 
plan seemed to be carefully kept out of 
our way. Billets were wretched, and the 
men, still fire-eating, hunted for better 
ones, which when found they intended 
to take by storm. Those who had 
revolvers expected to have to use them. 
But we only discovered that the native 
inhabitants slept in worse places than 
we had, and that everyone was of the 
mild est disposition. Our blankets end 
reserve rations were in the waggons 
stuck at the bottom of the Axhel hill. 
There was only one th w to do - to get 
dry and make the best of a. . . . 

And how tired the men became, with 
half of them through the soles of their 
boots and with wiriring in their 
shoulders and backs from their rain- 
sodden packs. But we listened still 
while voluminous waves of melody 
wandered homeless over German 
wastes and returned to us: 

T heard the pilbroch sounding. 

O’er the wide meadows and lands 
from afar.' 

or to the stirring strains of the 'March 

of the Battle of Harlow,' or to the 
croomnfc hoping, sobbing of “Lord 
Lovafs Lam e n t ,’ and so went on from 
hour to hour through the “"rtinran of 
Southern Germany. ... 


Kjerenu was ordered to teach me 
to converse in Loganda. She showed 
me how to plant sweet potatoes and 
bananas; we visited the market and 
the graves of her ancestors, and all 
the time she was asking questions 
about English fashions and Ameri- 
can filmstars - Ronald Coleman was 
her ideal white man - and dreaming 
of the wonderful fixture for her 

only ha; 
Uganda ! 

and peaceful time 
ever known, between 

Tahoe, Califomia-Nevada”. 

They were cadi “printed in 

Yours faithfully, 


Rufiside. 34 Gttfw Rpad. 

Havant, Hampshire. 

‘Telegraph 5 staffing 

From the Managing Director cfThe 
Daily Telegraph 

Sir, In die issue of Tuesday, 
December 10, your reporter stated 
that Coopers and Lybrand had 

uuucy» m uu 10 me rj, • 

escalators and can be taken right Staying pOWCT 
down to the train (Heathrow and - . 

Gatwidc please copy); coinage riv-e From Mr Arnold Butler 
has a direct relationship to value, Sir, In the 1930s, as I recall, one of 
rather than the muddled medley men working in my grand- 
from our mint; and on driving from father’s Worcestershire nursery 
a built-up area the last sign tells one always brought his lunch in a Great 
the name of tee next town or village War haversack. I thought then it 
on that road - a great help to the must have been made to fast. 

1T1 S^sSn and post bus arrival sera asatool^ bag thebootof 2 

bos and tram stops have multi-ticket 
machines that fake most coins and . , More _ impressive 

tee massacres and martyrdoms of “found around 300 extra production 

the old kings and the horrific 
bloodbath* of post-independence 

I wonder how many are still alive 
who knew, or maybe still know, 
Kerenu-Kappud, daughter of Tefero 

Yours faithfully; 


Orchard Portman, 


January 4. 

staff” on the Daily Telegraph 
compared with the figure given in 
the “fund-raising doc ument w 

This statement is untrue. The 
number of production staff given in 
the placing document for potential 
investors was accurate and is 

Yours faithfully, 

H. M. STEPHEN, Managing 


machines that take most coins and ****** . “npressive fa the Army 
obviate driver or conductor time- Wai * ket 1 f s ^d in Egypt in 1945 cn 
wasting examination. route to Indi a , where a Delhi tailor 

And in what other country can **“?“** . 11 JS*°. a dressing gown, 
one reliably check in air l uggage at W J T ~ 1 13 54111 m constant use, 40 
any main railway station for its final on - 

135 Fleet Street, 

destination? It would be in 

Were I a Swiss I would also value other ex-Service 
the ability for any citizen able to duty in thic way. 
mobilise 50,000 supporting sign*- , 
tines to get a national referendum Yours faithfully, 
on an issue of public importance. ARNOLD BUT! 

The Old Farmho 

HAROLD SUMPTION. Sdmerieyton, 

7VfewRoad, Lowestoft, 

Fflghg a t e, N6. Suffolk. 

January 9. J anuary 6. 

to learn of 
still doing 

'Yours faithfully, 

The Old Farmhouse, 









January 15; The Princess Anne. Mrs 
Mark P&Blrps, Chancellor of the 
university of London, this after- 
noon attended a Presentation 
Ceremony at the Royal Albert Hall, 
where Her Royal Highness was 
received by the vice-Chan ceQor (the 
Lord Flowers). 

Mrs Andrew Feilden was in 

January IS: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother ' this afternoon 
visited Springwood High School, 
King's Lynn. 

Ruth, Lady Fermoy was in 

January 15: The Princess of Wales, 
Patron, Help the Aged, this morning 
visited Moor House, Vicarage 

Road, Staines, Middlesex. 

Miss Anne Beckwith-Smitb and 
Lieutenant-Commander Richard 
Aylanj, RN, were in attendance. 

January 15: The Duke of 
Gloucester. Colonel-in-Chief, The 
Royal Pioneer Corps, this afternoon 
received General Sir George Cooper 
on relinquishing the appointment of 
Colonel Commandant and Major 
General John Stibbon on assuming 
the appointment. 

The Princess of Wales will open the 
new library .of the British Medical 
Association at BMA House; Tavis- 
tock Square, WC1, on February 20. 
The Prince of Wales will attend a 
dinner dance given by Mr and Mrs 
Walter Annenberg on February 22 
at Sunny lands, Rancho Mirage, 
California, in aid of Operation 

A service of. thanksgiving for His 
■Honour Judge Christopher Hilliard 
will be held on Tuesday, February 4 
at St SepuIchre-without-Newgate at 

A memorial service for Sir Neil 
Marten wQl be held on Wednesday, 
January 22 at noon at Si Margaret's 
Church. . Westminster. Inquiries 
should be made to: Miss Ruth Steer, 
7 Old Mace Yard, London SWl. 

Td 01-2194476. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Colin Banks, 54; Sir Alastair 
Blair, 78: Air Marshal Sir Robert 
Craven, 70: Sir Robin Dunn, $8; 
Professor J. E. Enderby. 55; 
Professor Sir Peter Hirsch. 61; 
Professor A. M. Hunter. 80; Miss 
Elizabeth Monroe, 81; Miss Nadine 
Pep par d. 64; Mr K. H. Shackelton. 
63: Professor Sir Frederick Stewart, 
70; Lord Thomson of Monifieth. 65; 
Mr Cliff Thorburn, 38: Lady Vaizey. 
48; Professor Sir Henry Wade, QG 
68; Mr Michael White. SO. 

'The Princess of Wales receiving a bouquet from Steen Spencer, aged four, during her visit 
to a Help the Aged home at Staines, Middlesex, yesterday. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr R. S. Cripe 
and Miss J. D. Y. H ernes 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Scott, elder son or 
Mr and Mrs John R. Cripe, of Lake 
Wawasee, Indiana, United Slates, 
and Julia Dobree, daughter of Sir 
Michael and Lady H ernes of 
Spotles. Castle Douglas. Stcwanry 
of Kirkcudbright. 

Mr I. R. Brookes 
and Miss F. S. Uoyd 
The engagement is announced 
between Jan, younger son of Mrs 
Brookes and the late Mr Maurice 
Brookes, of Clem, Worcestershire, 
and Fiona, elder daughter of Dr and 
Mrs A. Llewellyn Lloyd, .of 

Mr R. N. Midwood 
and Miss S. J. Oakes 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger Norris, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs B. N. Midwood, of 
Burlington. Ludlow. Shropshire, 
and Sarah Jane, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J. F. Oakes, of Broome, 
Clem. Worcestershire. 

Mr R. S. Amsden 

and Mis A. M Battcock 

The engagement is announced 

between Dick Amsden. of Haw- 

b ridge Common. Chesham. and 

Sally Battcock, of Oakland*, 


Mr R. D. Ash 
and Miss C H. Snuthle 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert David, son of Mr 
and Mrs D. E Ash. of Stamford. 
Lincolnshire, and Charlotte Helen, 
daughter of Mr J. M. S. Smithie. of 
Harrogate. Yorkshire, and Mn G. 
Ash-Porter, of Little Siaughton. 

Mr L. T. de So is sons 
and Miss A. M. B. Meynell 
The engagement is announced 
between Louis Thomas, eldest son 
of Mr and Mrs Brian dc Soissons, of 
Swafcld Hall, Norwich. Norfolk, 
and Anna, only daughter of Canon 
and Mrs Mark Mcyneff, of 
Framlingham. Suffolk. 

Dr J. M. OrrcU 
and Miss E B. Hooper 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs M. J. Orrell, and Elisabeth, 
second daughter of Mr and Mrs R. 
E G. Hooper, both of Weymouth, 

Major A. H. Goldsack 
and Miss D. A. Heap 
The engagement is announced 
between Adrian, son of Mr and Mrs 
H. P. Goldsack, of Whitchurch. 

Hampshire, and Dorothy, younger 

daughter or Dr and Mrs A. A. 
Heap, of Hessle. North Humber- 

Mr R. Osmond • 
and Miss E. M. Wright 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, younger son of the 
late MrLR. Osmond and of Mrs 
Osmond, of Holton- le-Clay, Lin- 
colnshire. and Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Michael 
Wright of Baldock, Hertfordshire. 


Top price for Dutch 
tulip drawings 

By Geraldine Norm ait, Sale Room Correspondent 

Cap! O. P. Bartnun 
and Miss C. D. Gray 
The engagement is announced 
between Oliver Bartnun. Grenadier 
Guards, younger son of Mr and Mrs 
P. R Banrum. of Prospect House. 
Whitchurch on Thames, and 
Catherine, elder daughter of Major 
and Mrs A. H. Gray, of Sonrdem 
House. Bicester. 

Dr S. Green 

and Miss E- A. Pease- Watkin 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and Mrs 
D. F. Green, of Ashton. Devon, and 
Anne, second daughter of Mr and 
Mrs E T. H. Pcase-Watkin, of 
Packwood Haugh, Ruyton XI 
Towns, Shropshire. 

Dr D. A. Pears 
and Miss C. A. Mowle 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Dr and Mrs 
G. E A. Pears, of Guisborough and 
Harpcndon. and Clara, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs A. G. Mowle, of] 
Clacion-on-Sca. Esses. 

Mr G. Pyle 

and Miss E B. Smith 

Mr J. E. Body 
and Miss M. Creamer 
The engagement is announced 
between James Edward, son of Mr 
and Mrs A. H. Body, of Ullcstborpc. 
Leicestershire, and Marian, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs S. F. D. 
Creamer, of Bedfordshire. 

- Mr J. W. Grimte- Drayton 
and Miss M. G. Parr 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son or Mr 
and Mrs Lancelot Grimke-Drayion, 
or MaJpas, Cheshire, and Melanie, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs Peter 
Parr, of Ixworlh. Suffolk. 

The engagement is announced 

between Geoffrey, son of the late Mr! 
d of 

K. Pyle and of Mrs B. Pyle, off 

Washington Village, Tyre and - Wear, 
and Elizabeth Beatrice. 


daughter of Mr and Mrs F. G. A. 
Smith, of Epsom. Surrey. 

Mr N. C. Boles 
and Miss D. M. Pigot 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, elder son of the 
late Mr Kenneth Boles and Mrs 
Gian Stewart, of Catlisiock. Dorset, 
and Diana, eldest daughter of Judge 
and Mrs Pigot, of Dunsden Green, 

Mr A. CM. Low • 
and Dr K. J. Dent 

The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son of 
the late Captain Kelly Low, RN, and 
of Mrs S. Low, of Bishop's 
Waltham. Hampshire, and Kristina, 

only daughter of Mr and Mrs C. W. 
of H 

Dent, o: 

Harrogate, North York- 

Mr J. W. Whitworth 
and Miss A. L. Scanlan 
.The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of Mr P. St 
J. Whiiwonh. of South Kilvingion, 
North Yorkshire, and Mrs D. M. 
Steele, of Bletchington. Oxfordshire, 
and Amanda, elder daughter of Mr 
F. V. Scanlan. of Greenwich, 
Connecticut, .and Mrs B. M. 
Cronson. of Redding. Connecticut. 

Mr M. I. N. Brennan 
and Miss M. Home Slack 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, son of Mr and 
Mrs Brian Brennan, of Weybank 
House, Godaiming, Surrey, and 
Marika, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Tom Adams Hume Slack, of 10 
Walton Street, London, SW3. 

Mr N. R.-H. Mather 
aud Miss C. E. Hewitt 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr and 
Mrs Richard Mather, of The Gbyll 
Kendal. Cumbria, and Candice, 
daughter of the late Mr William 
Hewitt and of Mrs WQson Bridges, 
of Toronto. Ginada. 

Mr R- P. Wordie 

and Miss K. Mackenzie-Charrington 
The engagement is announced 
between Roderick, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs P. J. Wordie, of The Row, 
Dunblane, Perthshire, and Kristina, 
elder daughter of Mr A. K. I. 
Mackenzie-Charrington and Mrs 
Jytte Mackenzie-Charrington, of 
Barkston Gardens, London. 


Bedford High School 
Spring Term started on January 14 
and ends on March 25 1986. 
Haydn's Nebon Mass will be 
performed in the Corn Exchange on 
Sunday March 16. jointly with 
Bedford Modern School- The wind 
concert is on March 4 and the gym 
display is on March 13 and 14. 
Junior entrance assessments are on 
January 25 (8 plus). January 29th (7 
plus) and February I (9 plus and 10 
pi us); senior entrance and assisted- 
place examinations are on February 
8. During the Easier holidays a 
lacrosse team will visit the United 

Bedford School 

Easter Term begins today with 1 1 14 
boys in the school. R. C. " 

Young is 
head of school and also captain of 
boats, and J. J. Doubleday captain 
of hockey. Bedford School choral 
society will perform Carmina 
Bur ana. by Carl Orff and Zadok the 
Priest, by Han del. in the great hail at 
7.30 pm on Wednesday, March 12. 

JBromsgrovc School 
School convened this week for the 
Lent Term. John Reed is captain of 
school and Susan Williams is head 
sjrt. The drama festival will be from 
February 13 to 20. Old Bromsgro- 
vians Day is March 18. The choral 

society will perform Beethoven's 
Mass in C on March 23. Mr Tony 
Finn, deputy headmaster, wfl! be 
acting headmaster. Mr Tim Taylor 
lakes over as headmaster in April 
Eton College 

Eton College opens today for the 
Lent Half. There are 35 new boys. 
R. T. Harley. KS, is the new captain 
of school, and the Hon E G. 
Lcnnox-Bovd. OS. continues as 
Captain of the Oppidans. Long 
leave will be from February 21 to 

Holmwood House. Laden 
Spring Term begins today at 
Holmwood House Preparatory 
School Lexden. Colchester. Schol- 
arship exams (for boys or girls aged 
under 9 or under 1 1 on September 
i. 1986) will take place on Saturday. 
March 15. The new tennis centre 
will be open after Easter. Term ends 
on Thursday. March 27. 

St Helen's Old Girls' Club 
The Old Giris* Club of St Helen's 
School, Northwood. are holding a 
reception and buffet at Glaziers 
Hall SEI . on May ! 6, at 7pm to bid 
farewell to the retiring headmistress. 
Miss J. D.- Leader. Tickets are 
£16.50. The old girls’ day will be 
held at the school on May 17. 
Details are available from the 
Honorary secretary, 26 Grove Lane, 
SE5 8ST. Tdhone 01-703 4427 or 
08677 2514. 

University news 
Oxford to honour 
King Juan Carlos 

Oxford University is to award the 
honorary degree of doctor of civil 
taw to King Juan Carlos of Spain 
during his state visit to Britain from 
April 22 to 24. 

The award Is expected to be 
confirmed by congregation on 
January 21. 

The king's grandfather, Alfonso 
XIIL (he last Spanish monarch to 
pay an official visit to Britain, gave 
his name m 1927 to the professor- 
ship of Spanish studies at the 

King Juan Carlos and Queen 
Sofia wiU stay at Windsor Palace as 
guests of the Queen. 

Other Oxford University news: 

■ Pewr-Yvea Thynne. 

BexMB Cou*o» and Eastbourne : 
CoOcoe, Ha* been e l ec te d » • 
Scholarship to modern la n auag ea 


Mr N. Cranston 
and Mrs S. Bathway 
The marriage look place on 
December 21 in Norfolk between 
Mr Neil Cranston and Mrs Susan 
Both way. 

Tulips of the old-fashioned 
type grown in Holland in the 
1640s, the great era of tuBpo- 
mania, were depicted in a series ' 
of Dutch botanical water- 
colours which sold at Christie's 
in New York on Wednesday for 
huge prices. 

One group of. four attract- 
ively striped blossoms frith 
waxy leaves secured Si 1,000 
(estimate $3,000 to $5,000), or 
£7,333; another group of four 
drawings made S9,350 and 
another S6,600 ■ against the ' 
same estimates. ■ 

The very decorative drawings 
are by an . unknown hand and 
date from about 1700. With 
other flower drawings, they 
were formerly inserted loosely ' 
in a mid-seventeenth century 
vellum-bo and album. For 
anonymous drawings, the 
prices were huge, reflecting the 
appetite of collectors for decor- 
ative pieces. 

Christie's had expected the 
tulips to make top prices but 
there were some big surprises ' 
among the other flowers. Two' 
drawings of irises were sold 
together for $11,550 (estimate 
S600-S800), or £7,700, to 

Morton Morris, ■ and two 
drawings of carnations secured 
$6,600 (estimate $1,500 to 
$2,000), or £4,400, from the 
same London dealer. 

London dealers were promi- 
nent among the buyers. Yvonne 
Tan Bnnzl paid the top price of 
$66,000 (estimate $30,000 to 
$40,000) for an ink drafting of 
“the Holy Famfly”, by Baidas- 
sare Pernzzi, dating from about 

Benjamin 'West, the great 
American artist who became 
president of the British Royal 
Academy, was represented by a 
charming chalk portrait of the 
11-year-old son . nf an artist 
friend, Jeremiah Meyer. It 
made $12,100 (estimate $4,000 
to 56,000V or £8,066, to a New 
York dealer. • • 

West's portraits of Ameri- 
cans are generally more ex- 
pensive than his English works 
and this war a- high price for 
the latter. Meyer became 
miniaturist to Queen -Charlotte 
in 1765. 

The sale of Old Master 
drawings totalled £252,387 
with 8 per cent unsold. 


HM Government • - - - ■ 
Baroness Young. Minister of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, was host at a luncheon 
given at Lancaster House yesterday 
in honour of the High Com- 
missioner for T onga. 

Board of Deputies of British Jews 
The President of the Board of 
Deputies of British Jews and Mrs 
Kopdowitz- were hosts at a 
luncheon held at Woburn House. 
Tavistock Square, yesterday in 
honour of Dr and Mn Davide Sata 
and the Iraqi J 'wish-COmmunity of 
Great Britain. Among those present 
were: Lord WddenJekL Mr Regi- 
nald Freeson, MP, Sir Monty 
Finnistoo, Sir Alan Mane, Sir Atan 
Mocatia, Sir Sigmund Sternberg. Sir 

London at the Mansion House last 
•night. Mr Martin C. ‘J: Barber, 
accompanied by Mrs. Barber. 
- presided and the other speakers 
wne.lhe Lord Mayor, Sir Kenneth 
Cork, Mr Stuart Young and the Rev 
Basil Watson. Among those prese nt 


Sic Jo*m and Lady 
nmbery. MF\ and 

Master of n» Good of FTacraen of London. 

WoJch. Sir Geoffrey 
Lady Ptosbara. Uw 

and Mn ReoeUOo. and Ute masters ,. 

Chartered AfxourUanW. Masons*. SaddMW 
and Cold and smw Wins 
eonuwuc* and (Mr ladlos. 

Geoffrey Finsberg. MP. the chief 
Us Bn 

Rabbi. Mr Ellis Birk and Baroness 
Birk. Rabbi Dr Abraham Levy,. 
Rabbi and Mis Menahem Hacoheo. 
Mr David Sum berg. MP. Mrs Lilian 
Hochhauser. Mr Cyril Stein, Mr 
Michael Levy. Mr Michael Sacber. 
Mr John Rubens- Mr Monty 
Modlyn. Mr Sami Shamoon, and 
officers and members of the board. 
Lunchtime Comment Clah 
Mr Peter Walker, MP. was the guest 
speaker at a luncheon of the 
Lunchtime Comment Cub held at 
the Connaught Rooms yesterday.* 
The chairman, Mr Alan W. Lire, 
pr eside d. 

Coacfamabers' and Coach Harness 
Makers* Company 
The Master of the Coachmakers' 
and Coach Harness Makers" 
Company, Mr R. D. C. Dallimore, 
presided at a court and livery 
luncheon held at Tallow Chandlers’ 
Hall yesterday. He presented the 
Coachmakers’ Award to Industry 
for 1985 to Mr R. J. Herd. 

1912 Onb . 

Baroness Gardner of Parkes was the 
guest of honour at a dinner of the 
1912 Club held yesterday at the 
House of Commons, by invitation* 
of Mr Roger Sims. MP; chairman of 
the club. Mr David Atkinson, MP. 
.presided and the vote of thanks was 
proposed by. Mrs June Tatum. 
Among others present were Sir 
Graham Rowlandson, Mr Tony 
Bays. Miss Sodia Copland. 
Foundation for Science and 

Lord Lloyd of Kilgerrao, QC, was in 
the chair at a lecture and dinner of 
the Foundation for Science and 
Technology held in the house of the 

Royal Society yesterday evening. Sir 
Mason and Pro - 


United Wards* Club 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, acc om p a nied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, attended 
the anniversary dinner of the 
United Wards’ Gub of the City of 

John Mason and Professor K_ 
Rchfucss spoke on “The Add Rain 
Debate". Lord Marshall of Goring 
was present and the evening was 
sponsored by the Central Electricity 
Generating Board. 

Basketmakers' Company 
Mr Edward Dartow, Prime Warden 
of the Basketmakers' Company, 
presided at a dinner held at 
Innholders' Hall last night. The 
ocher speakers were Mr Alec Sorrell, 
Junior Warden, and Mr . T. W. 
Brooke-Smith, -Master of the -Guild 
of Air Pilots and. Air Navigators. 
Reform Club 

The trustees and committee of the 
Reform Club were, hosts ata dinner 
held in the dubhouse'last night in 
honour of DameJviri Te Kanawa to 
marie her election as an honorary 
member of the dub. The chairman. * 

Mr Geoffrey Drain, was inthe chain 

Science report 

Microwave technique to detect tumours 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Experiments have begun into a 
new method of measuring tiny 
temperature changes of body 
tissue. The technique employs 
an advanced type of equipment 
which was designed originally 
by radioastronomers. 

The measurements by as- 
tronomers detect tiny signals 
of microwave radiation, which 
contain the signature of certain 
types of chemical reactions in 
the stars. 

Doctors at the Stanford 
University Medical Centre in 
California are looking at the 
pattern of microwave radiation 
generated by a warm body, and 
they are measuring minute but 
distinct differences between 
normal tissues and tumours. 

The team experimenting 
with this novel form of 

diagnostic radiology is led by 
Dr Stavros Prionas. He has 
outlined the idea in a paper 
produced in com'nnction with 
Dr George Halm, and pub- 
lished in the journal Bioelec- 
tromagnetics . 

Xn addition to locating 
tumours, the doctors suggest 
that the knowledge could be 
used deliberately to raise the 
temperatures of tumours dur- 
ing treatment Other research 
is exploring a method of 
destroying tnmonrs by beat in 
combination with radiation 

It is -difficult to measure the 
effectiveness of the heat 
treatment .without an accurate 
m yame of mon&sring tiie 
temperature fluctuations of 
deepseated tumours. It now 

seems possible with microwave 

The present ways of obtain- 
ing accurate temperatures 
calls for resnrgical introduc- 
tion of a special thermometer. 
With mocrowave detection, the 
scientists intend to produce 
three-dimensional contour 
maps, showing the variation of 
temperature throughout the 
target tissue without inserting 
inching into the body. 

Using the principles estab- 
lished in radioastrosomy, the 
Stanford team has produced 
small detectors about the size 
of the palm of a hand, 
consisting of a spiral antenna 
built into a flat plate of 
material that picks op micro- 
wave radiation jnst from the 

In addition to monitoring 
radiation from the tissue, die 
device can be nsed in reverse to 
generate a beam of microwave 
radiation, providing the heat 
source when employing hyper- 
thermia treatment. 

Dr Prionas reports the 
cost of the eqoipement, which 

includes complicated elec- 
tronics, is too costly for routine 
c l ini cal sse in its present form. 

But he says the costs of the 
delicate components needed to 
process and detect microwaves 
“are already cheaper than they 
were a few decades ago,” and 
that their price will come 

In hyperthermia treatment 
the tumour -cells are raised 
from a temperature of about 
39X to 43X. 

Latest wills 

' Dr ' Lionel George Higgins, of 
Chobham, Surrey, a surgeon and 
gynaecologist * who became an 
international expert on butterflies, 
left estate valued at £430.517 net 
He left bis collection ofbutterfUes to 
the British Museum (Natural His- 
tory), and his entomological library 
to tin Hope Department of Ento- 
mology at Oxford University 
Museum. * ** 

Mr Reginald Arthur T-rUn, of Boc- 
hin, East Sussex, left £1 .029,730 net 
Mr Nigel Ernest Fennor. of 
Cobhnm. Kent, left £528,944 net 
He died intestate. 

Royal opening for 
Heathrow terminal 

The Prince and Princess of Wales 
are to open the terminal 4 budding 
at Heathrow Airport. London, bn 
April 1. They will also open an 
Undeigound rail link between 
Hatton Cross and the terminal. 


The name of Thomas J, B. Scott was 
omitted from part A of the* Law 
Society final examination pass list 
on November IS. 

Od \ 


Long serving illustrator 

' ■ Mr Alfred Bestall for thirty 
years the fflustralor of flic 
Rupert Bear stories in the Daily 
Express and in the Rupert Bear 
died yesterday at the 
age of 93. ' .. . ' 

• Though not the creator of 
Rupert, Bestall was responsible 
for the supersession of direr 
enchantments with the kindlier, 
more domesic cthosof Rupert’s 
Nutwood home, where every 
story began and ended, and 
where Mrs Bear could be' 

--/• ' arm 

• inti ! 

guaranteed to be standing in her 
anron with a welcome fb 

j# established. -- 'jjjg- 

themes and.laBgdKT: 

SgpA* -mcraes mm.-auaac»afuk*7^ 
Instance, frut -he. 

. fresher, smmer * 

«&''■ tog and 
■A Mfliers 

earlier stories. 

BestaJT rounded - our ^ 

• .opened up RnjmVcow nS? 

S J* 



sohw simplistic to tbbS 

tuneless"'^ -^aava-sarm, 

apmn with a welcome for the 
hero and his friends at adven- 
ture’s end. 

' Alfred Bestall. was, 

bora at Mandalay, Burma, on 

December 14 1892. He was draw the daily panels\>ut to _ - 

educated at Rydal School, and . think up, develop arid write the Rupert’s - jwplaiis v and bact- 
tbe Birmingham and LCC stories too. . • .JiRripfert: .. jrai' ne v er 

Central Schools of Art * He remained ' the regular allowed to Oexm® invoKtd 

Duririg the First Wotid War Rupert' artist and -author -from w f rt ® ie sjtuaticms, gitliQugh fcj, 
he. volunteered for the Army 1935 until his official retire- adventures conbmed'daily witfi 
Service Corps and spent three mcnt . ^ 1965.- During 1 4bis throughout the 

and a half years in Flanders, penpcL he. produced oyer 270 second vrorid^warjwbtt BesiaH 
during which time he contrib- Rupert adventures for Xht-Vdily- co mmni ng - Ah r Raid War, 

uted several cartoons to the Express and various books * tien’s duties - will. 
periodical Blighty. ■ •••■. induding the Rupert Annuals. ^ wait) , 

* Between 1919 and 1935 nc After bis "retirement he ' ■*»—— ii 

~~ ■ - tonU «•» iwusuisui Bestall was rfesporisble for 

divided hts tune . bet *®^,"^^ r continued to do a lot of work the unusual parStofrEna Sa. 
illustrating and prodriemg. for the annuata eveiyjyear until^ uries in the annuahr>omud] b 

Blvion’s stories, the Bestall never znamed or. had standing member «t the British 
sSilgSl^oL children!, and .he took-. Ws On^T scK^ aad. MwS 

exampte) were a pleasirig Mend responsflnlitiro • to re ados thdend of Ins life, its Preadem. 

of cosy charm and imaginative- seriously .. and .. paternally.' He- Rupert’s ■ adsriirai wen 
invention. - . T consctentiously complied wito-jjgj^* and", drawri ^ioia all 

These led to his being invited edrtpnal edicts that the ^panels points of the ailtiiral compass. 
to take over the Daily Express . should contain no really_un- . ^ well as from all gfcueiatkms, 
Rupert Bear strip when its S-'T uiy . baddies * magtc of the : AmoB*^ '• them, inotatty, * were 
originator, Mary Tourtel had to Jriihremng variety, : or any . pauj McGartney, whose cbm- 

- “ . ■ - eJ? f Ivhsviniir Jm, Tf,r» n*ft rU*. . V - . • . iiv T.-I . . 



A^* J. 

■ r 5r *: 

r* *.* 

Donna Reed, the Oscar- 
winning t actress who played 
Miss Ellie in the soap opera, 
Dallas', died in California on 
Tuesday at the age of 64. She 
had been suffering from cancer.. 

Her association with Dallas 
ended acrimoniously last year 
when she was replaced as Miss 
Ellie by the actress who had 
originally. ‘ taken the . pari ■ 
Barbara Bel Gcddes. Donna. 
Reed "riied the company, arid 
later -accepted- a settlement of: 
one ritillion dollars. 

. She was boro Donna Belle 
Mulfenger in Denison, Iowa* on 
January 27 1921, and raised on 
a farm. As a teenier she won. 
beauty -contests and took part in 
school plays. In 1941 she was 
signed by MGM and began her 
film career in minor parts ^ under 
the name of Donua. Adams. 

Donna Reed in *'. 
They Were Expendable? 

American family. It ran for 
seven’ years.' " 

When the series ended she 
■made ..only; occasional acting 
... appearances ^ Ibefiire.^ ^ returning 

'.* Ha[lwanI, John Foid's epic-of^X < > r ^a t^eyirioii 'movie, The Best 

• She’ graduated' v .to ?■ more the . Pacific war,- ‘ They . Wen* . Place To: Be,- ht;i 979. She was 
important films, such as The Expendable, and Frank* Gapra’s Offered Miss Ellie when, Barbara 
-if Dorian Gray, in comedy, It's a Wonderful Life. : D " T ■*~'* r — * A ’ 

Picture q t 
which s 


ray,, in 

In 1953 she; departed 


Dr Richard Week, CBE, FRS, 
who died on January 9; at pic; 
age of 72, was .acknowledged as 
a“ world expert, on- wdding and . 
welded design. 

. He was born in March I9J3 
in Czechoslovakia and gradu- 
ated in .Civil ; and Structural 
Engineering at the Technical 
University of Prague In 1935. 
He worked in. industry and did 
post-graduate research on the 
design of steel structures but 
came to England in the winter 
of 1938 prior to his country's 
occupation by Nazi Germany. .. 

He worked for three years 
with the Electric' Furnace 
Company and. with the- consult- 
ing engineers, Campbell • and 
Gifford, . before beginning.- his 
long association with : welded 
construction when he joined in 
1 943 the small team working tor 
the Welding Research Council, 
the torerunner of the British 
Welding Research Association. 

After revising the Handbook 
on Welded Construct ion Steel- 
work, he was seconded to 
Professor J. F. Baker (later Lord 
Baker of Windrosh) at the 
University of Cambridge to 
undertake research into ' the 

sociatiop which be joined in now recognised and acclaimed 
1 946. as head of the new Fatigue internationally. - • 

Laboratory- which -was -the-nrst — . V • - 10rf!7 
major, structure .in the JJK 
designed, in accordance With- 

Baker’s plastic theory. , the Department of awl Engra- 

He returned to <2mbridge in 

1951 as a lecturer in engineering . andT^hnok«y- , 

where he established , the tme .. was road© CBE in. 
year post-graduate courses, on . and was elected a FeUowofme 
materials and ' structures for Royaf Society in 1975. to' 1976 
engineers .-retunung to'- -the ' was - one .of:, tbe .'d.r® 
umversity for formal .instnic- -distinguished ' efigtoeOT; who 
tion in new. developments ■ became founds mjettheK f 
arising from- the appfihatidri' of * Fellowship of En^neazng. ; 

welding. They were the 'first ; of : .He .was . awarded the 
their kind instituted, in any • Bessemer Gold Medal„of the 
British university and he main- Metals Society jn'1975; * - . 
tained his interest in the work . He is survived by his wift, 
of the British Welding Research Katie (n6e Bartl) ieftom he 
Association. ’ ' .. married in 1933. 

•y .. 


' Brigadier Arthur John Henry 
Bourke, who. died on January 
12, enacted a distinguished TJle 
as a brigade commander during 
the difficult arid : trying days of 
the Burma Army's retreat in the 
face of Japanese invasion m 

John * Bourke was boro 


1897. -Ail Anglo-Irishman hie 

was commissioned into the 
Connaught Ran^ra in 1914, 
serving in Franco, with that 
raiment until he .transferred to 
the Indian Army in . 1917. 

He served in Mesopo tamia 
and on the North West Frontier 
with ■ the Guides Infantry, 
joining- the 8th Punjab Regi- 
ment in 1921. 

He commanded the 4/&th 
Punjab Regiment from 1938-41 
when on promotion to Brigadier . 
he took over command of the 
newly formed 2nd Burma 
Infantry Brigade in Moulin cin 
in southern Burma. 

When the Japanese' began 
their advance into Tenasserim 
province in' the middle of 
January 1 942 they quickly . 
broke through the 16 Indian 
Brigade defending the frontier 
with Thailand and closed on 
Moulmein which was held by 
Bourke’s brigade. 

On January 30, they launched 
their attack. To Bourke’s aston- 
ishment Brigadier Brin ap- 
peared in Moulmein in the 
middle of the battle with 
instructions from the GOC 17 
Indian Division to take charge 
of operations. Characteristically 
Bourke offered to remain in 
order to assist Ekis although he 

would have been folly entitled 
to remove himself. * ' — - 

On the following* morning 
■ Moulmein' was evacuated, the 
garrison crossing the five mfle 
wide Salween -estuary in' paddle 
steamers under Japanese fire, 
-whereupon Ekin .was removed 
to command his ori ginal brig- 
ade and Bourke' reassumed 
command of 2 Burma Brigade. 

Bourke’-s brigade later consti- 
tuted the flank guard 0 f the 
retreating Burma Army, operat- 
ing on the west - bank bf 
the frrawaddy. By the time 
Bouiice's brigade rejoined the 
Buraia Army at Kalcwa it had 
marched 425 miles, ''leading 
Compton Mackenzie - to -com- 
ment ip his Eastern Epic, “This 
long mdomitablc march was 
one of foe notable feats of foe 
Second World Wari*. 


Dr L W. H. PaySii. 

. died on January 1 , -aged -76, was 
’-’Chief Inspector^ 

' London 

■ from 1963 to - 

His first hea^upo-was ' ^ 

• Derbyshire; iiis r second 'that m 

- Kingsbury- - Grammar - Schoc^ 

• * Middlesex.. : jtoed; / . ^ , 

London County GjtuKalinspK' 
torate in \ bedop^ing 

. inspector twoyeairs latey. ; 

- . He cafried;*oia effrtf 1 1 ■stodg 
‘ df foe' devetopfi^Teonip™^: 
-siveschoolS inL6n«ip, i a®l was 

There were those who felt 
that a mention, in dispatches 
was an inadequate recognition 
of Bourke s leadership and 

ftertsive Schools i . 1966 ■- 

; ^ntained' one' of "the ' fif 51 
•curriculum aualysesof theJM? 
. .secondary scKooL . ^ 
-> - He played a major part in tne 
preparation of the sabstantiat 
bodies of! evidence r: 

to tlfe Newtoni. 
aud James committees, . 
served on \ various national 

Air Vice-Marsfcfti 
Horace Staninidi^ UB, OBh> 
who died on January 3 atjJJ 
age of 88. had been Ennflpai 

After commanding .Vizagasa- . *— - ... ^ -^i 

tomandJubbulporeSifo^s Jge of g^had been^^ 
dunng foe latter stages of foe ? 4 ^ cal 

war, John Bourke retired from 

foe Indian Army in 1947. He 

was a bach elor. : 


commands -and war PrinoP" 
Medical GffioH- * Middle Eg 
■=■ — “ ---- - J956. 

Afr Vice-Marshal 
"Jtoun Robert RyW tfi. 
Wbo ^^bn December 29 

5186 for tneriy 

Director of Guided Weapons 

Air -Officer in charge of 

Force from 1953 „ 

had been Honbraty/HiysiciaB® 
King George VT imd to w® 

ve this up in 1935 because of behavtour -On foe pari of .the. pany^s> video Rupeti’and the 
eyesighL A. E Besiall’s charismatic foriy tiero that . * 

mng eyesigtiL a. t. uestau s * r y Frog . Sbng 'became > • runaway 

tisfaction at being offered foe ^Sbt ^uence .children • ad- best. '■<&$*& a^.'-'Sir’ rHugt 

Rupert feature was somewhat * v erseIy. : -. -_ ; .• ; .. Casson , ’-^whb 5 once r described 

dampened when he realised that - He- .'successfully ■ retained Rupert Eta ”a.quiet corner or 
he was not- only expected to clements that Mary Tourtel had ^ British genius”. ' 

. ber nsual screen persema 'as'ihs 
wholesome ! 4 g[ri-neri-door to 
. play Alma,vkhe -pipstitule,. u 
i .From Rere'-*To 'Eternity,' and 
woh : .the Oscar ; for jfoe best 
■ supporting .actreiBu Her . ’ other 
' tilrns ~nrf tirp 1950 s indtJdfitf The 
y Last Titne JisaSp Bdns.itait The 
-BennyGoodmaa Story.'-- U 

v' Burdespite thepscar her film 
v*,%arwr’dfeafitedaiur to J 958 tiw 
-yirinaHy .. . retired' from’:- the 
cinema rio - concentrate : on 
: television. In that year she 
. Sega , n a popular, comedy senes, 
■The Donna Reed Show, which 
..was built round an idealised 

Bet-Geddes was forced to leave 
m - thecast through Alness. ... . 

problems of redial, strifes ' He was appointed dinxtor cf 
and brittle , fractxnp in welded . retearc& ^. tlfe assoriaiicjn in 
ships, on behalf of the Adrair- "1957_ During the next i l years 
ally Ship weldiDg Committefc his leadership raised the ihni- 

Al. foe', end of 'the-*- Second ’ -over of foer^assodation *semi- 
Worid rWar.; be continued - Kfe^-folA. 

association , with 'Bakery .with When ?foe British Welding 
wqrfcon the devdopmem: of full Rcsearch Assoriation merged 
scale feugue tests on welded . with the Institute of; WddSig, 
structure^ -• * be became the first Director 

Meanwhile.. :.the Welding. General of the. Wdding tosu- 
became foe tute which he hd^d to fo®: 
Bntisn Welding Research As- ■ inxo foe unique otgapisatipn 

Sr Charles — r- 

died oa January J 4 at 

84 . was ^ 


s ’“i - ’ 



tf'V.- jUA'v:*.: v 


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2 * ! 






A starring twenty per cent of Britain’s industrial 

and commercial energy is being frittered away. 

It’s actually costing more than the Space Shuttle. 

But don’t expect the Americans to follow suit. 

The United States aiong with Germany. Japan 
and most of the other major industrial powers in the 
world, has dramatically cut her energy losses over the 

last ten years. 

Even some of the Arab countries, with oil coming 

outof their ears, don’tspill a drop. 

If we performed as well, we’d be spending £2 
billion less on energy every year. And £2 billion more 


on building new factories and creating more pcs. 

The Energy Efficiency Office has been se: up tc 
help Britain recoup this Monergy-tne money • we 
spend on energy. 

We car. advise companies on how to increase 
profits for little or no investment, simply by appointing 
2 senior manager to be responsible for energy matters 
and by training and motivating staff. 

All in all, good energy' management could stop 
your money disappearing Into thin air. Shutting the 
windows could save your - company from shutting 
the doors. 

Cal! us on the Monsrgy Hotline on GSGG 25« sG- 
or send the coupon for a free i/ionesgy ;r : rc.“rr.£'"“' -sc/. 

| ' To: Monergy Pack. PC Box 3 ; Diss. ttsrfck. L?22 3 Hi-:. ; 
l' Name — ■ — : 

- ! Address. 

5 Position. 


{ Telephone. 

- ffr'Sryr^’ * 

, i f t ■. * 1 •**& + m i 

l i i [ « ! I : ~ i ff, ; 



Late upsurge 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began. Jan 1 3. Dealings End, Jan 24. i Contango Day, Jan 27. Settlement Day, Feb 3. 

5 Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 

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Please make a note of your daily totals for 
y) the weekly dividend of £20,000 in Saturday's 
li newspaper. 


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177 99 

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273 132 

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Broackes offers joint scheme 
to break Channel deadlock 

Bid warning 
to banks 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Market hopes rest on a 
fruitful G5 meeting 

By Jeremy Warner and Diana Geddes 
A new attempt to break the But the favoured British 
deadlock between. Britain and solution, Mr James Sherwood's 
France over, the cross-channel 'Channel Expressway, has en- 
fixed link was launched y ester- countered fierce opp ositi on in 

It was never likely that this weekend's 
of Five meeting would content 
itseii with merely reviewing progress since 
“*®t September. The glimpse of the G5 
agenda provided by the West German 
Economics Minister, Martin Bangem ann 
ye nr^ rC « ’ Was not ®ntirely unexpected. 

The West German rainister’s version of 
ms discussions with United States 
Y rea fuxy Secretary James Baker was that 
the US will' be seeking to establish a 
coordinated interest rate strategy at the 
weekend meeting. What this means, more 
or less, is that world interest rates should 
be capable of being brought down without 
upsetting the currency shifts against the 
dollar which have occurred since the New 
York meeting of the G5. 

This is the second stage of the Group of 
Five agreement, the first stage concentrat- 
ing upon intervention - rather too 
expensively for some - the second on 
interest rate change 

But James Baker's targets for the 
weekend meeting, if true - and he was not 
denying them yesterday - have to be set in 
the context of the American Federal 
Reserve Board Treasury debate in the US. 
The Federal Reserve Board sniffily denied 
its involvement in any coordinated 
interest rate strategy yesterday afternoon. 
The US Treasury Secretary will have to 
persuade, not only finance ministers from 
the other four countries, but also his own 
chief central banker. Paul Volcker. 

For the time being, the GS talks has 
taken the heat off sterling. Yesterday, it 
a cu tally rose against the dollar, even with 
the Bank of England’s week-long restric- 
tion on British interest rate rises. For 
Britain, a damp squib G5 meeting would 
be damaging. 

Notwi thstanding Mr Baker’s refusal to 
discuss Herr Bangemann’s interpretation 
of their discussion, markets latched on to 
the German Economics Minister’s mess- 
age of hope. The short end of the gilt 
market which had seen reasonable 
demand throughout the day, jumped 
ahead by half a point The long gilt futures 

contract which had fallen approximately 
seven points to its low since early 
. December, improved by a point to 108. 14. 
Longs bounded ahead. 

The Government Broker may be poised 
and waiting in the wings with a barrel-load 
of taps but market sentiment improved 
during the day. The mere feet that the 
focus of conjecture among traders has 
shifted away from rising interest rates 
towards thoughts about the funding ■ 
programme is an indication of the greater 
stability. It is too early to say whether the 
Bank of England’s dramatic intervention 
on Tnesday in money markets has been 
completely successful, but even the 
grudging give credit for buying time in a 
highly effective way. 

The Bank of England has of course 
deployed Tuesday's traffic cop manoeuvre 
once before - and failed. 

On June 26, 1984, the day that National 
Westminster Bank raised base rates lb 9 V* 
per cent, the Bank slated publicly that it 
saw no need, on monetary policy grounds, 
for any general rise in the level of 
domestic interest rates. Calm descended 
on money markets, and gilts steadied, just 
as they did yesterday. 

Come the dawn and July 5, the general 
mood of euphoria fell apart, as sterling 
weakened abruptly. Gilts collapsed, and 
money market rates soared. The Bank, 
which by then had seen the next set of 
money numbers and knew they were 
dreadful, accepted higher rates in its bill 
dealings. Base rates went up to 1 0 per cent 
By July 12, base rates were up to 12 per 

The moral of the story is obscure but 
the message is clear enough - a day's rally 
does not constitute recovery. The market's 
radical chic set may decide to go into the 
weekend with a full book. Cautious traders 
are content to wait for the Government 
Broker to appear, and. signal an official 
end to hostilities. Who knows what kind 
of stock he has prepared for those 
prepared to wait? 

day by Sir Nigel Broackes, the F r a nce where it is tho ught that 
chairman of Trafalgar House. Expressway’s £2.5 billion drive-. 

With only days before the through road and rail t unn el 
British and ' French Govern- scheme is not feasible. _ 
meats are due to announce Sir Nigel said he believed Mr 

which of the four rival schemes Sherwood’s scheme was anath- 
15 preferred. Sir Nigel conceded ema to the French who would 
publicly that he is prepar e d to veto it if Britain insisted it 
collaborate with one of foe should be awarded the fixed- 
principal competitors to his link mandate. . . 

Euro route consortium. “We have proposed to 

Sir Nigel told shareholders at Nicholas Ridley that he should 
Trafalgar House’s annual meet- chose CGT purely for the 
ing that he has written to Mr' railway and us purely for the 
Nicholas Ridley, the Transport motorway”. Sir Nigd said. 

" The Takeover Panel has 
scheme. which will necessarily wgroed merchant banks that 
undermine the viability of his they am responsible far the 
newly-acquired cross-channel act j; ons 0 f public relations 
ferry service, British Ferries, advisers on behalf of 

They suspect that if Us project their dients during bid battles, 
were chosen, he might let it die The warning came as port of 
a quiet death. a ruling on the release «> 

It has been argued that the the press of confidential profit 
French want a rail-only solution forecasts from Morgan un- 
because they believe that they able, which, is bufoins 
would then be able to secure the million for First Castle Elec- 
bulk of the cross-channel traffic tronics. The private forecast ot 
by extending their high-speed £16.7 million did not equate 
TGV train to. London. Britain with the £18 million which 
would be unable to compete Morgan has forecast puWidy. 
effectively. . ” However, the Panel ruled 


However, under foe Channel 

Sir Nigel Broackes: “French TGvtoSdte todTte vS^^planations provided 

would veto Sherwood plan’ 

UIK UldL UC USD WUUCU IV ITli lOliwaj 4U1U ua - _ « — , _ M IVJT WVUIU w AWWM IV ^ j; nn r,mni— If 

Nicholas Ridley, foe Transport motorway”. Sir Nigel said. would veto Sherwood plan . the tunnel with a slower-mov- f0r discrepancy. 

Secretary, proposing that foe “The CGT Group in Britain , ing car shuttle service, whereas -**•-.« * 

rival Channel Tunnel Group are hostile to that idea because ** would prefer to have exclus- Bid lCEdCI 

should be chosen to build the they think they can get it afi to iJIrfSi rS ive use of foe line. For that 

rail link.and Euroroute foe road themselves without our help, v^)uid -|uobably b e m e rrenc reason, a combined rail and Mr Nicholas Wai 

: r -j: favourite if It were not SO . . ,, ... until two 1 

crossing. but I disagree with than and Z~ drive-through s 

Mr Ridley found foe proposal some of their European partners ^p e n sive ana open more desirable, 
interesting but has so far made in CGT are sympathetic to our P ***" 1 technical and safety 

Bid leader 

Mr Nicholas Ward, managing 
director until two weeks ago ot 

no further comment. Sir Nigel cause.” 
said Meanwhile, the French are 

But Mr Michael Gordon,' increasingly concerned by what 
managing director of Channel some believe to be a campaign 
Tunnel Group said last night of deliberate misinformation 
that he found Sir Nigel's emanating from Loudon, alleg- 
proposal totally unacceptable. ing that the French Govera- 
“The Government has prom- ment is insisting on a rail-only 

wouni prooaoiy « reason, a combined rafl and Mr Nicholas warn, managing 

favourite if it were not so ^^through scheme would be director until two weeks ago of 

expenave and stiU open to more desirable. Martin Retail Group owned by 

potential tech ni cal and safety , Guinness, has been confirmed 

hitches The French Ministry of ^ t | ie man behind John 

EuroRoute is particularly Transport confirmed last night Q^ett's consortium bid for 

ised a clear cut decision for one solution for foe fixed Channel 
of the four schemes and we are link. 

confident we will be chosen. While foe Channel Tunnel 
Both Mr Sherwood (of Channel Group’s twin-bore, rail runnel 
Expressway) and Sir Nigel have has always been viewed with 
approached us and both have- favour by foe French for being 

hitches The French Ministry of 

EuroRoute is particularly Transport confirmed last night 
attractive as it presents the most that a third meeting between M 
spectacular and 21st century Jean Auroux, the French Trans- 
image. port Minister, and Mr Ridley, 

On foe other hand foe other 

main rail and drive-through Jr* *£“£! 

scheme, Mr Sherwood’s twin- 

iimTH-l nbannrf governments choice in Lille on 

as foe man behind _ John 
Goveti’s consortium bid for 
Macarthys Pharmaceuticals. Mr 
Ward will become chairman 
and chief executive, if foe bid 

been rejected**, he said 

rail-oriented technically sim- 

Nader charges unfounded 

American consumer champion Ralph 
Nader yesterday claimed in London that 
Lloyd’s is “reducing the rights” of 
Americans by panicking them into 
accepting exorbitant premium rate in- 
creases through the weapon of selective 
withdrawal of insurance cover. The claim 
just does not stand analysis. 

Premium rates for American liability 
business have shot up dramatically in 
recent months. Rises of 300 or 400 per 
cent are not uncommon, and quite often 
the cover is less extensive. Lloyd’s 
underwriters have derided to get out of 
some classes of business and they have 
started to use more restrictive policy 
wordings to reduce their exposure. 

The reasons are not hard to see. Lloyd’s, 
in common with other insurers world- 
wide, is emerging from a severe cyclical 
downswing. American liability business 
proved the worst risk of alL The 
proliferation of environmental claims, 
medical malpractice, industrial injury and 
the spiralling pay-outs made in American 
courts has caused the surge in rates. 

Lloyd's has lost all condidence in the 
US system of tort law, which makes 
compensation awards that defy compre- 
hension. A leading underwriter recently 
said that American courts were more 
interested in social engineering than in 
providing justice. Mr Nader believes the 
American tort system to be the finest in 
the world and hold the British system to 
be primitive, medieval and disrespectful 
of life and limb. 

Mr Nader has also attacked Lloyd’s 
switch to “claims made” instead of 
“occurrence based” policies. The former 
requires claims to be filed when the 
insurance cover is in force, and not 10 or 
20 years afterwards. 

Asbestosis is a classic example of 

Lloyd’s occurence based problems. US 
courts have taken the view that all policies 
in force, when the cl aim ant was exposal 
to asbestos, should be brought into play. A 
$1 million policy renewed annually for 20 
years could therefore result in a $20 
million claim, when the insurer only 
thought he was liable for $ 1 million. 

Someone at the end of the line has to 
pay. In Lloyd’s case it is the names whose 
unlimited liability renders them particu- 
larly vulnerable. 

The call by Mr Nader and the US 
National Insurance Consumer Organiza- 
tion to Americanize the American in- 
surance industry and rid the country of 
“unregulated foreign entities” suggests 
that American insurers have not been up 
to the job of providing insurance to their 
own citizens. Lloyd’s is still providing 
cover, albeit at a price, in a market many 
Amerian companies have abandoned 

Undoubtedly, the fracas over Lloyd's 
relationship with its investing names does 
not help its business image abroad. In that 
context, the hurried establishment of the 
committee of inquiry under Sir Patrick 
Neill is unhelpful. It is a clumsy ploy to 
divert attempts to insert Lloyd's into the 
Financial Services Bill, 

It is hard to see what other purpose the 
inquiry has. Regulation of Lloyd’s is 
defective in policy terms, since the Lloyd’s 
Act does not embrace transparent super- 
vision of self-regulation, the system rightly 
espoused in the Financial Services Bill. No 
review of practice is likely to gainsay that. 

Perhaps the experienced Sir Patrick will 
early realize that more useful subject for 
inquiry is what form supervision should 
take. Meanwhile further uncertainty and j 
publicity helps Mr Nader and other 
enemies of London’s competitive strength 
in financial services. 

Italy seeks 
m place 
at meeting 

From John Earle, Rome 
Italy regards as “inadm i s- 
sable” its exclusion from Satur- 
day’s meeting in London of foe 
group of five financial powers in 
the developed world, an auth- 
oritative source said in Rome 
last night. 

It has made known to foe five ; 
- the United States, Britain, i 
France, West Germany and 
Japan - that it wishes to be i 
included in such meetings in i 

Reports were inaccurate, foe j 
source made clear, that foe 
Italian government had specifi- 
cally sent a letter asking to be 
represented this weekend in 
London, but it has already 
made its attitude known at high 
levels after last September’s 
Group of Five meeting in New 
York. . . L ^ 

In foe Italian view foe Group 
of Five should be expanded to 
include both Italy and Canada, 
which are already members of 
the group of seven “economic 
sum mit." This would have the 
advantage of establishing the 
same forum for periodic high- 
level economic and fi na n c i a l 

The Italian insistence _ on 
participation has gained 
strength since the Septembo* 
meeting which led to a fall in 
foe value of the dollar. 

Record sales by Jaguar 

Britain’s luxury carmakers 
had an excellent 1985 with 
Jaguar and Rolls-Royce report- 
ing increased sales. Despite foe 
US government’s clampdown 
on gas guzzlers both companies 
improved their performance m 
North America. 

A total of 33,724 Jaguars and 
Daimlers was sold around the 
world in 1985, up from 33,249. 
Rolls-Royce and Bentley sales 


reached 2.377, up from 2,203. 

Jaguar had its biggest success 
in America where it sold a 
record 20,528 cars, an increase 
of more than 2,000. With foe 
average price of a Jaguar about 
$35,000 (£24,263), this rep- 
resents annual sales of more 
than $700 million. 

Rolls-Royce also did well in 
foe US, selling 1,110 cars at an 
average of $ 100 , 000 . 



FT AU Share — 

FT Govt Securities 



Datastream USM ... 
New York 

Dow Jones 


Nikkei Dow 

Hong Kong: 

..1109.5 (+15.2) 


.—80.98 (+0.37) 
-.1390.5 (+20 Aj 

1*10653 (+6.52) 

— 1522.19 (+3.09) 

Sydney: AO 

Commerzbank ...... 


General — ... 

Paris: CAC 


SKA General 

.1783.68 (+1.43) 

261 B (+3.7) 

1050.5 (+1.7) 

.^2161^ (+55.7) 

— 766.91 (-1 .35) 

SKA General .51 3.60 (+7.70) 


London fixing: 
am $345.30pm-$346.75 
dose $346.00-$34S.50 (£239.50- 

New York: 

Comex $346.35 


East Rand Carts. ... 
Geevor Tin Mines _ 

Micro FOcus 

Parkland Text “A" . 
NSS Newsagents _ 

T.V. Servs. Inti. 

WA Hotdgs 

Peters Stores 

Davenports Brew. 

Munton Bros. 

Humberside Sect .. 

Leis u re ti me ... 

AJP.V. Holdings — 
Sycamore Hems. — 
Baynes (Charles) — 

Sovereign CM 

Hopkinsons Hdgs. - 

Storehouse — 

Anglo Nordic 

56p +llp 

55p +9p 

240p +30p 

107p +I2p 



34p +3p! 


Horizon Travel ..... 

Radio City "A" NV _ 

Cafcd (A) i Sons 


Cap Group _ ...... 

Multitone Stn Beet 



64p +4p 

— .265p+19p 
— 14p +1p 

.SOp +2p 

77p +5p 

158p +10p ; 

— .3Q6p +18p 

158p +9p 



-38p -3p 

91 p -5p 

-~.185p — 10p 

Channel Tunnel Group's ply. and relatively cheap, it 
£2.3billion scheme, which aims would prefer combined rail and 
to carry road vehicles through drive- thro ugh solution if foal 
foe tunnel on shuttle trains, falls proved financially and tech in- 
short of British demands for a caliy feasible, 
road and rail link. The EuroRoute bridge and 

tunnel channel expressway, is cnoKC m ““ 011 Imperial Group, fighting a £1-8 

regarded with extreme sus- Monaa ^‘ billion bid from Hanson Trust, 

picion by the French, not : — — is using ammunition supplied by 

simply because ft originally had TVfciixr TT C' fifltf* LEK Partnership, the 
no French backing, but because 1 '' =TT 11 ^ uait consultants, to mount a major 
it is considered to have been The International Tin Qwnril attack on Lord Hanson's record 
cobbled together at foe last yesterday adjourned its meeting in its defence document to be 
minute without sufficient on foe tin crisis until tomorrow, published today, 
thought, fina n cial support, or But informal contacts between 

technical know-how. 

Many also wonder how 
serious Mr Sherwood is in his 

Wage rises 
stay ahead 
of inflation 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 
Average earnings in Britain 
are still well ahead of inflation, 
while growth in foe employed 
labour force is slowing, accord- 
ing to the Department of 

In November, average earn- 
ings were up by 8.6 per cent on 
a year earlier, compared with 6 
per cent in October. After 
adjusting for back-pay and the 
effects of the coal strike, the rise 
was 7.5 per cent, as in October, 
but two percentage points 
higher than foe rise in retail 

In manufacturing, earning 
were up by 8.9 per cent, 
compared with 7.5 per cent in 
October, with the underlying 
rate unchanged at 8.75 percent. 

There is evidence that growth 
in real earnings is slowing foe 
rise in employment. The em- 
ployed labour force mcreaed by 

3 1.000 in foe third quarter, and 
by an average of 30,000 eveiy 
three months in the first three 
quarters of last year. 

This is about half foe rate 
achieved in 1984. Of the 

220.000 rise in foe employed 
labour force in the 12 months to 
last September, 129,000 was 
achieved in the fourth quarter 
of! 984. 

The employed labour force 
has increased by 709,000 from 
foe low point of March 1983. 
Female employment rose by 
511,000, while male employ- 
ment dropped by 250,000. 
Estimates for self-employment 
are a 283,000 increase for men 
and a 160,000 rise for women. 

Opposition may 
join Tory MPs 
over Lloyd’s 

Labour MPs are considering 
an alliance with government 
backbenchers to ensure that 
Lloyd’s of London, foe in- ! 
surance market, is brought into 
foe Financial Services Bill at foe 
committee stage. The Bill 
received its second reading in 
the Commons on Tuesday. 

Mr Bryan Gould, Labour 
spokesman for trade, said 
yesterday that there was “about 
a 50-50 chance” of such an 
alliance succeeding with an 
amendment to include. Lloyd’s. 
It would then be up to foe 
Government to defeat the 
committee's amendment when 
foe Bill returned to foe House. 

Mr Goukl said that Mr Brian 
Sedgemore, foe Labour MP for 
Hackney South and Shoreditch, 
who has been campaigning 
against alleged malpractice in 
foe City, would be on the 



£ SI .4425 (+0.0020) 

£: DM 3J>504( -0.0053) 

£: SwFr 3. 0008{- 0.0121) 
£: FFr 10.B920(-0.0070) 
fc Yon 291.79(-Q.03) 

£ Index: 78.0(-0.1) 

New York: 

£: $1.4420 
S: DM2.4615 
S Index: 125.94 -0.4) 

ECU £0.615602 
SDR £0.760291 



Bank Base: 12%% 

3-month Interbank 12Vn-12 1 *b 
3-month eUgtbto bids: 
buying rate I2%a-1 2% 

Prime Rate 9.50% >4, + -* 

Federal Funds 8 % % 

3-month Treasury Bills 7.24-7.22% 
30-year bond price 1Q3V»-103*& 

The EuroRoute bridge and intentions to go ahead with a 

GEC bid expected 
to be referred 

ITC representatives and hank- 
ers and brokers who offered foe T^ivnnc loon 
ITC a £320 million rescue plan A/IAUUa leap 
wfll continue. Dixons Group, the 1 

dispute over 
Baby Bond 

By Onr Business Correspondent. 

GECs £1-2 billion takeover The commission's investi- 
bid for its electronics rival, gation will give Plessey .six 

Dixons Group, the electrical 
retailer, lifted profits before tax 
from £12.5 million to £30.1 
million in the six months to 
November 9. Turnover rose 
from £212 million to £451 
million and foe interim divi- 
dend is up from 1.92p to 2.3p. 
There is a thrce-for-one scrip 
issue. Tempos, page 21 

Correspondent A dispute between the issue. Tempos, page 21 

__ . .• , „ Treasury and foe Inland Rev- 

The commission s investi- enue broke out last night over 
tion will give Plessey six the Baby Bond - a ten-year tax- Magnet fell 

exempt policy for children sold ® 

bv the Tunbridge Wells Equi- Pretax profits at Magnet & 

Plessey, looks certain to en- months in which to muster its exempt policy for children sold 
counter a Monopolies and defences but the company could by Tunbridge Wells Equi- 

Mmwn f nmmininn an iinhitl Hnion1» in ... — - ., IT 0 ... 



^ ,l ' u _ i.j-.iw-, l ne mianu itevenuc iurceu 

withdrawal of the Baby 

Mergers Commission reference, face an uphill struggle in ta j J ; e friendly Society. Southerns, foe timber mer- 

Sir Gordon Borne, director- convincing foe City that its _. . , . chant, fell from £16.9 million to 

general of foe Office of Fair shares should be given a higher . 1 £12. 1 million in foe six months 

Trading, is believed to have valuation. a-' LSLtfcK to September 30. Turnover was 

come down heavily infavourof ^ Peter Ma^hail, Flessey's andTSad foldtiS&icieS U P ftom £,1S milHon t0 £l20 

a monopolies inquiry after finance director, said yesterday Zit JSJd removcfts^ffiS million. The interim dividend is 

™ “ ar8Umen “ fr ° m that ha thought a monopofe S hnchaapd a. 2 P-: 

Dom camps. investinauon “highly probable", -hiM^ fnm Th. Tempos, page 21 

The Inland Revenue forced 
foe withdrawal of foe Baby 

Bond from foe market lart to_Scptembcr3a Trover was 

S 3 S 5 J thaTTc feoughtam^p^ »^x 7 mpi^lS -changed at 2 p 


and Industry Secretary, is 
expected to order the investi- 

S tion on Monday, foe offer’s 
st closing date. 

On the stock market yester- 
day Plessey shares fell 4p to 
]64p and look certain to 
weaken again when foe decision 
is confirmed. 

implications for foe electronics 

He said: “Once the com- 

Baby Bond had proved popular. 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel LotUS halt 
u ' ■ j * 4 /-w u Lawson, is understood to _ 

He said: Once the com- consider that the Inland Rev- Group Lotus, the sports car 
mission has examined foe hard enuc * s intervention was unwar- manufacturer, yesterday called 
evidence, I cannot believe it will rante€ j He has called for a a surprise halt to dealings in its 
agree wuh GECs chum that big report on foe case from foe Later it said it was 

is beautiful for British elec- i n ia n d Revenue's technical mvolved in a transaction “of 
tronics.” division. major importance". 

major importance 


JL1LUC WUJLLUCL LUC Ljliy. Wcfa imprcsscu. VVllXl uus 

high interest cheque account you can write any 
number of cheques for any amount (provided your 
funds allow). 

You get a passbook which allows you to with- 
draw up to £250 cash per day from nearly 700 
branches. And what will really shake you is that, 
provided you keep a cleared balance of just £ 1, you 
won't be charged a penny. 

BALANCES over £25,000 EARN 

9 . 50 %= 9 . 73 % 

aassas gsa, 



9 . 05 % = 9 . 25 % 


Tft Dept CH73, Abbey National Bulting Society, FREEPOST, 201 Grafton 

I/We appb immediately for a ‘City' Cheque-Saw account; enclosing a 

cheque for £ io be invested at mjrtjur tocal branch bi 

Pteasa send fuK detafe 

and an appfication canJ. . 

1/We understand that rates may vary and Interest w9 be crecfited to 
die account half-yearfy. 

Minimum opereng Cheque-Saw batanca £100. 'Cfty 1 quaSfying balance 
£10,000. Maximum £90,000 angte or joint accowit 

Fid namelsl Mr/Mrs/Mis 

cnequerort, SODemvestsdatn^ounocaiDrancnn /fri f >K . A 

Please send fuV details P ost co de y I 

and an appfication card. . Telephone UlC pi J 

Mining, ^ Oya. balance £1QQ. W qu^. betance 

£10,000. Maxanum £90,000 angfe or joint accouiL £24,999 EMN9.05K net, E2S,ooo+ earn 9.50K net. L— — V 


5.S0K NET, £2, SCOPES .999 EARN 8^1% NET. £10.000- 
£24,999 EMN9.D5% NET, £25,000+ EARN 9.50K WET. 


r-'- r r g g'jgc - — 




Jgi Ju Jn 

» 14 13 

54V Pfcw 49V «SV 

64 Rwipa Dodoo 28 s . 26V 

3 PMnMprrti 82*j BTi 

2?V PtiNp»P«rDf 1ZV 1ZV 

53V Potaroid 46', 47*, 

8*1 PPGtnd 46V 48V 

57 ProctorQamM 66 s * 85V 

37; Pub 5« 0 8 Gas 30V 31 

47] Rnymaon 54V 34 

WS ftCACorp ezs (EV 

65*1 Raynoida bid a 31 s , 
8»'i Reynolds Matri » 33V 

18V RockwoSlrt 3$ 3J f , 

iff, Royal Dutch 64 s , 65 

70, Satewiys 34 s , 35 1 , 

36 s , G909300 
24’, Oaofwa F 
62', Gffl»lfe 
S', Goodrich 

Pacific 24', 


20, Goodyear O'? 

30, Gould Inc 20* 
6i': Grace 51 

27*, GiAmcS Pacific 20', 
72V Greyhound 31V 

14*, Grumman Corp 29 s , 

El 1 , Guirav/ut 52'j 

51 », Heinz H. J. 20, 

f£P, Hernias 30, 

43V Hewlett -Ftad 37, 

15 Honaywa# 74*, 

46*2 1C Iras 36V 

45 Infers Oil S3 1 , 

49 InfarvJ Steal a 1 , 

20, IBM 149', 

62 im Harvester 9®, 

31 1NC0 ISi, 

31 Ini Pjow JO, 

63 s , In', Tel Tel 3»j 

52', Irving Bank 64', 

46 s , J:- Wetter AT. 

12*, Johnson A John 5t ? , 

41V hjnw Wumtn 17 

I43*i herr McGee, 32*, 

27 Kimberly Clark 63*, 

£4*. K Mo.l 34 s , 

73’, Kroger 44*, 

J5'. LT.iJ Corp 6V 

27*. Unn 60', 

47 . I Locknwd 46 Ij 

51 '* Lucky Stores 24*, 

"<*>, t/enuf Hanover 40, 

30 1 MamnSe Cp &V 

31', Masco 36 

114*. Marmg f/Lfland 39-', 

29 s * Martin Manana 33', 

37 -» Masco 39', 

2S-. McDonnell 75 

25', Mead 44*i 

*&V Marck 136*1 

S } i MiruiosDia Mrtg 87V 

21 s , McW Oil 31', 

GOV raorianto 40 s , 

49 s . Morgan J. P. 63V 

37 V Motorola 37', 

40 s , NCR Corp 40 s , 

40', NL industries 14’* 

27', War Confers 35', 

3S': itaUedEni 23', 

15-', Hat aermandar 12*, 

13£'« Norfolk South 78 s , 

US’, NW Bancorp 23 s . 

4 OS OcodemaJ Pet 23 s , 

, , 84 s , 65 

70 s , Safowiya 34*, 35 1 , 

IS Sara Lee iff, 48 

3V SPESopac 34V 34*4 

2SV ISCM 74*, 74*3 

70S ScHumberger 35 1 , 35V 

33 s . Scott Paper 4S>, 49', 

33 s . Scott Paper 49', 49', 

SOS Seagram 4SV 45', 

26 s , Seam Roebuck 37 s ! 3F, 

51 s , Shea Trane 30S 33', 

21 S Singer 39V 40', 

31V Smfinfcina Beck 7«V 73 s * 

W.y-5 . WALL STREET - yy^A -y:.:-. 

Bonds help 
share rise 

New York (agencies) - Tbel 
stock market rose in moderate 
trading early yesterday, helped 
by a strengthening bond market. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was np by 5.85 to 
1,524.89. Advances outnum- 
bered declines by 849 to 400 
among the 1,747 issues crossing 
the tape. 

The prices of US Government 
notes and bonds, which move in 
the opposite direction to interest 
rates, were rising for the first 
time after four consecutive 
sessions of steep declines. 

The Commerce Department 
reported that US business 
inventories rose by 0 3. per cent 
in November. 

Southern Co was the most 
active issue, up Vi to 22 '4- RCA 
followed, adding % to 63 ^ 

Champion Spark Ping was 
third, np by % to 1(%. 

Prices were also higher in 
active trading ou the American 
Stock Exchange. 

9 Credit markets opened hig- 
her as the recovery which began 
on Tuesday continued after a 
four-day string of declines that 
sent yields op sharply. 

Dealers said that the market 
has probably almost fully 
discounted tbe dashefl hopes for 
a quick US discount rate cut 
after last Wednesday's unexpec- 
tedly strong December employ- 
ment figures. 


iUD ■ - _ 

ici 41', 401, Exxon Corp 54 s , 

sir a a ass*" sa 
jgSS. 3 ^58®. i, 
s. % A 

sHT & assss % 

aSPS**"” tzi’i CKmCwp 69*. 

61 Gsri^tumie* 65 

5a '* £5 '* SsnBBCOIe 69 1 . 

Eke Power 22', ?3', Gen lna Iff, 

*n»&qpTMS 51 s , 50 s , Gen Mite 56<, 

®S 62', Gen Maws 70V 

AmMKors 2V 2 s , Gen Pub U0 NY 18 s , 
AmSiaiwart 37 s , 36 s , Gwwsca 

Am .etophone 23V 24’, GewwaP 

fil 5 , 62'« GStalfe 

A-ttco Steel S’, 3'j Goodrich 

29V 23 s , Goodyear 

Asfuarj C« 40 39 s , GouW Inc 

rtLnadvcWHd w* 6T- Grace 

Avon Pioducio 27', 27V G: Attic 8 

BankwsTwNr 72", 72', Greylwun 

cankam«rtca 14 ! , i4=, Grunwan 

Bank of Ecalon 61 El 9 , GdfiVVe 

Bank of N? 51 s . 51 s , HahzH.J Trav iff. 16 3 , Hurculas 

Beam« Foods 42', 40 s : Howtett-FI 

BethWiefiiSwal 14", 15 Hpnaywet 

Socino AT. 4fl'j ICIrds 

Coscada JJI, 45 InoarsoU 

Borden 49' : 49 Inland Stft 

5org V/amcr 2-1'. 231, IBM 

Bristol Myers 6T, S2 mtHarves 

BP 31 3l» t ^iCO 

5i.Tfing!?« Ltd 20 s . 31 Inr Pjdw 

&almg:cnNLln 69 63 s , In! Tel Tel 

EL'imrs*-:* 62'- 62', Ir.-btg Bam 

CompLoil lotiD 45*j 46 s , Jur.YiaXet 

C«aoienP2ars 12 s , 12*, Johnsons 

CswrrDar J2': 41 s , KarserAlui 

Golaneso 144’, 103*, HerrMcG* 

Central S’. 1 / 27', 27 KimOjrlyC 

Cr-omf-cn 24', 24*. KfJcrt 

Cfjsot.leilhoi 75'. 73’, Krcqec 

Chew Bonk HY 45'; av, LT.ii Con 

Chevron 37', 3?’, L/.KXi 

Chryowr Oi*. 42. \jx *h«d 

Crtiara SO*, 51 '• Lucky Slot 

dark Echo 25 r/anuf Har 

Coco CMa 75', jo', M anviSeC 

Coiosta ?i 3i', Masco 

c&S 1!5'« 114’. Manna Mb 

Cdurnsia Gia *0.', 2V, Mamn Mai 

Comaus'jon Er*; '2 Vasco 

ComwiniEsson 29 25-. McDonnell 

Cons Emson 33 35^ u e ad 

Ccns Ha: Gas 43’, 43 s , Marck 

Cor.i Pc-ABf ;j. $s, Minnasota 

Con tret Gila 2t>'. 21 ! , McW Oil 

Ccminoula^s 55', EC’, ratyjanto 

CPC '.ill £9‘, 49*, Morgan J. 

Cnt;» 27 37 : , Motorola 

C-tivm Zoljr 4.3*, 40 s , NCR Corp 

CartG Krair JC'. 40', NLindusm 

Cotiro 27*, 27'. NarCsfita 

CsitaAir 35’, 35 :1a: Med a 

OowhESsoti 15 s , 15-’', Mu Senna 

D,;rtil Equp 137 13£'« r.'ortoU So> 

Cijmw 122*. US', NW Banco 

Duiv chemical 41 s , 40S OcodemaJ 

D-pestirlnd ig : , 17 s . Ogden 

OukoPo.var 3^, 25'j OunCorg 

Zbi Ponr 6*’, 65 Ov/ws-HIW 

easiam At 5', PadficGas 

LUisnnan Kodak 4B 1 , 48 Pan Am 

ralanCorp E5'> 65'. Pemev J. ( 

G l* 0.-. a Ailed, c 0 e^tn^ur^rn h 5re l Mui;i ctosad. n Nn, issue, p $toc* spW. I Tradsd. y Urtq-joid. 

Financials contmued to forge 
ahead yesterday, building an 
apparently firming trading base 
for Liffe. But other contracts 
were more uncer tain 
Sugar and ahnninhnn took 

heart from the forecasts of 
market improvements, but both 
still need more volume to 
change their fortunes. More 
dismal news from the ITC cast 
its shadow over the metals. 

Coffee fell as producers 
argued over whether export 
quotas should be lifted. Gold, 
however, strengthened as bolt' 
isb sentiment for precious 
metals grew. 

84', 83V 
48 47*. 

53V Slh Cal Edison 25V 25V 

30>, Sparry Corp 49 s , 49*, 

38V SwoSorw 50', 49 s , 

38V Starfna Drug 37 37 

72 r s SlBvona J.K 28 s , 28 s , 

37 s , Sun Camp 49V 48V 

53 Totedyna 31 BV 31ff, 

23 1 , Tetmaca 40V 40', 

149 Ttooco 30V 31 

9V Tax* East Carp 39 V 38 s * 

13V Tax* Irt3t IDS', 103 

49 s . Taxas UhVbas 29 s , 29V 

3ff. Textron 49 49 s , 

44 Traveler? Corp 46V 45 s , 

42*, TRW Inc 84', 83V 

51V UAL Inc 48 47V 

17 s , UnflaverNV 141 s , 142V 

32*, umonCartxda 74*, 74V 

63V Lh Pacific Ccrp 51V 50V 

34*, United Brands 25 1 . 25 1 . 

44 s , US Steal 25 s , 25V 

7 UtdTachnd 44J, 44*, 

Btr, Unocal 27 27V 

46 s , Warner Comms 37V 36 

24', Warner Lambert 47V <7V 

47 Web Fargo 64 s , 64V 

6 Wfurtnqhse Beo 43 43', 

36V Weyarnauser 30V 30V 

39 Whatpoal 50V 40*. 

34 Woolwonh SO 1 , 59V 

4ff, Xerox Corp 58V 58 

75 s . Zentai 19 s , 19 s , 



32'i Ablflbi 15V 15', 

46 s , Alcan Ahxnin 42 41V 

63V AJgorra Steel M IS*. 

37 BeH Teteotana 391, 33', 

39V Can Pacific 17*, i7h 

14V Commco 12*. 12 1 , 

34*. Cons Bathurst Iff, 16V 

22 s , Gulf Oil 20V 20V 

12V Hawker/Sid Can 21 V 21V 

78V I Hudson Bay Min V, T. 
31V lima sco 26 26 

29V imperial Od 49V 49V 



cocoa in E par tomw 

par lama. 

Q W J^rnaan and Ca ivpoff 


Al nmnba unquoted 

Voi ja 



No 6 ml 640 










I Mar - 

' 5 = 






2 10.00-09.76 





191 JO-91 25 


1 96 J)0- 95.00 









Al months unquoted. 











m 1 757-56 










Nov - 






Jun .... 















1 37.0-36 J 


132.0-31 J) 





UnofOcief prtcaa 
OftcU turnover Ogwaa 
Prices In C par maCrfc (Draw 
Sftrerta pence par troy ounce 
Rude# WoW A Cg. Ltd. report 


Cash 997-00-998.00 

Throe months _ 1024.00-1 024*90 

Vol 5850 

Tone . twrety steady 

Cash . . mi 00-S63JX) 
Three montna —1012,00-1013.00 

VB nu 

Tone Idta 




Cash 255.50-256J0 

Three months 266.00-26650 

Vol 2175 

Tone steady 


-Cash 419.0-420J) 

TTvee months .<33.0-435.0 

.VW nl 

Tone k0§ 


Cash 800^0801 JO 

Three mortha 82750-828.00 

Vol — 6450- 

Tene — — — steadier 


Cash .282M84Q 

Three mortha 2880-2910 

Vol 158 

Tone jpiM 

Average to a aoO prime at 
rapreeartattw) markets on 
January 14 

Carte. 95B4pperkglw 

> S&aHm. 1 93.69p per kg est d 

GBrPkp. 73.1 ip per kg he 


England and Wales: 

Carta nes. up4.4 per oem. ava. 

price, 94.64p (+9J3SJ. 

Sbeep nos. up 15^ per cent, eve. 
price, 194.01 p (ft). 62). 

Pig noa. dawn 1.1 per cent, owe. 

pm, 724 Ip (-2.44). 



Eper tonne 

Month Open Dose 

Fab 8TO0 80-60 

Apr 3850 9830 

ffiy IO5J30 10450 

Nw 77 JW 77.00 

Feb 8250 63.00 


GJtL Freight Foterea Ltd report 


Jan 86 9lTO-9M.O 906.0 

Apr 86 9680-962.0 MB 

JuISS aa5JM25JD S22J3 

Oct 66 - 9215 

Jan 87 9325 

Apr 87 — 1005.0 

JU87 - 667 J 

Oct 67 — 9720 

Sterling traded within a 
narrow band yesterday. In 
contrast to the volatile activity 
of Tuesday, movements In 
currency rates *»«t diffScnlty in 
establishing any trend. 

Hie steady undertime of the 

oil futures market contributed to 

die lack of activity in the pound, 
j which until late in the session, 
languished about 30 points 
below its overnight position. 

Then a decline in the dofiu 
prompted a rally, and 
finished the day 20 wdn^ 
giigqri- at 1.4425. 

Its trade weighted h^ 
dosed where it opened - at 78 - 
compared with 78J on Tuesday, 

Speculation over another rise 
in interest rates abated, w 
political uncertainty because of 
the Westland affair remained an 
Inhibiting factor. 


Spot 9126 
VoL 128 Iob 


Cash 41200-414.00 

Vol Ml 

Tone Jdte 


Cash 43550-0650 

Threa mortha .4 50 DO-4 5 1.00 

Vol -20W 

Tons B»«ly 


Cash 419.0-420.0 

Three months 433.D-435J3 

VoJ 18 

Tons quiet 

Heap nos. up 235 par cart, bv 
prtca. 192.7QP (-2.07). 

Fta nos. im 4a par cart, ava 
prfca. 7809p(-1.S2). 

Spar tome 











El 2080 













Barley^ — 

888 . 


Uwa Ha Contact 
p. par Mo 

jr* % °S 

b Unq 91 

v Unq & 

r Unq SC 

iy Unq J 

(i Unq » 

I Unq 9C 

p Unq K 

J Unq B£ 

iv Unq 9* 

FW mart 

p. per kio 

Open Closa 

1M.7 101A 

1015 102.0 

99.1 995 

97.6 982 

104.3 104.6 

104.B 105.0 




gsc™ 8 ” 












129646-13.01 98k 
1.1645-1. 1630p 



10.9231 -105516k 
105S76-10. 9918k 


■ M jg 


105367-1 0551 5k 

2438-25. 01 


056-0 56c pram 
052-0 43c pram 

2V2Hp> prem 


lO'rfSoro prom 





3775-11000 4* 






Staffing Max compand mHR 1W5 am cbm 21 at 7M (dajra mga T&i^BJg. 



Arcwrtns austral 1.1582-1.1555 Intend — 

AuspsHa dollar 2.0700-25900 Singapore 

Batatedbur 05400-05440 mS&rn 

Bred cnizalro 1602250-1611250 Austrefis 

Cyprus pound 0.7700-0.7800 Ca nale 

Rrdand martca 20-7. 0520 Swvdon .... 

Greece drachma 215TO-21R70 Ptonwy 

Hong Kong doiar 115500-H^M Danrrwk 

India tupss — 17A6— T756 West Germany _______ 

Kuwait dinar (KD) 5.4150-0.4190 SwKzertand 

Malaysia doBsr ..._3 5200-35300 Maowlands 

Mexico peso K25-B725 Franca — 

New Zealand dofiar ..... 2.0000-2^300 japan 

Saudi Arabia rlyal 55300-05700 11a b 

Sing ap ore doflar 35600-35700 BafatunUComm) 

SowiAMcarend 35600-35900 Hong Kong 

United Arte) EmiratBS(firt«m — 55630-55030 Portugal 

Spate — 


Rates suppfiad by Bareteys Bank HOFEXaodExtaL UoydaBankl 

17A6— T75S West Germany 

5.4150-0.4190 Swwrertsnd 

35200-35300 MaOwlands 

6525-6725 Franca 

25000-28100 Japan 

55300-65700 Kajy 

35600-35700 Balglixn(Camin) 





1-4045-1 .4055 









— 167550-167850 

50.13-50.1 B 


157 .80-15850 




25 26 

49V 49V 

42V 42V 

25V Out Core 


35V Mass.-Forgsn 




55 Ciwns-lilinots 


52 Royal Trusico 

21 V 


5'a Pacific Gas Bsc 


19V Soagram 




48 Pan Are 

7 s ! 

7'i SlaoiCo 




re 1 , FcmiByJ.C. 


55’a Thomsen N A" 




75 s , Psnnzod 


69V Walker Hiram 


3 0V 


16’, P&D3CD 

6 S’, 

es-a wer 



These figures relate to Tuesday's trading. 

Three Month Sariog 

Mjf 65 . 

Jun 86 

Sop 86 

Dsc 98 

Frev.ous day's lolal opan 
Three Month Eurodollar 

Mar Bo 

J'jn 35 

Sep &S 

Oc: 25 

° m J'rtcus day's ioial epon 
U 5 Treasury Bond 

Mar K 

Jun E6 .. 

Sep E£.... . . 

Prevcus day's iqqi open 
i.iort GUI 

Mar 65 

JynF: .. _ 

s?pre... .. 

Previous Pai's ioial open 
Long Gil' 

Mar 65 . - 

Jun 36 

EM 82 


Frewjs Jay's total open 

rr-sr im 

Mar 65 


iniaresi 19536 





Eat Vol 




































SI .09 

















93 35 


S3 22 



interest 1394 . 

107 ZB 106.16 

13750 139.00 

NT ! 

Period rates, after a few nervous 
twiches, finished on an easier 
note yesterday. 

Interbank deposits from three 
months to one year ended at 

BasaRatas % 

Clearing Banks 12V 
Finance House 12 
Discount Market Loanite 
Overnight Hah 12V Law 10 
Weak toed, n v 

Treasury BUla (Discount ?.) 

Buying Seflteg 

2 months 12V 2 montrts 12 s -, 

3 months 12V, 3 months I2'n 

Prime Bank BIUs (Discount %) 

1 month l2 r i«-l2V 2 morths l2"-r-l2’i 
3 months 12', r 12V 6 months 12V-12 
Trade Bills (Discount T.l 
1 month 13 'h 2 months 13'-, 

3 months T3'n 6 months 12V 

Interbank |%) 

Overnight: open 1 1 close 13-12 

Iweek 12V12V 6 months I2' s rl2’ s „ 

1 month I2 u ir 1 2 n i, 9 monihs 12 , *t-12 l, u 
3 morths 12 '. r l2 l, i» 12 monms li'VU'V 

Local Authority Deposits (■») 

2 days 1 l’a rdays 11V 

1 month 12 s , 3 months 12 s , 

6 months 12 s , 12 morths 12', 

Local Authority Bonds II.) 

1 month ISVIZV 2 months ISV-IS'. 

3 months 12V-12V 6marehs 12=^12'- 

9 months 12V 12V 12 momns 12V-12 5 , 

alerting CDs r%) 

1 montn 12V-12V 3momns i2' r l2V 
6 monihs 12V12V 12 morths 12V-12V 

about 12 7s per ceat, having 
climbed above 13 per cent 
earlier. In late trading, over- 
night money rose to 16-14 per ' 
cent, but the close was in the 13- 
12 per cent area. 

Do»ar CDs ry 

1 montn 6.10-655 3 months 8.10-6.05 
6 months B.15-8.10 12 months B55-BJQ 



7 days 8V-7V 
3 mentis 8 ! ,.-8'„ 
7 days 4 < w -4 ? „ 
3 months 
French Frame 
~ cays 9'r-9 
3 months 12V-12 1 , 
Swiss Franc 
7 days ffy-2V 
3 months 

7 davs VrT, 

3 months 7-ff, 


1 month 
6 months 

1 montn 
6 months 

1 month 
6 months 

1 month 
6 months 

1 month 
6 morths 

Krucvrarer low come 
S3W725-3ie.75(2r4050-:4i 75) 
Eovaraons" (new): 

83500-63 00 fES6.7S-57J50) 
’Etdudas VAT 

Fned Raw Starting Export Finance Schema IV 
A, era 3 a reference rate lor interest period * 
December. 1995 to 7 Jamary. 1968. Induuvtr 
1183B cor cert. 


High Low Company 

AlftnSG Assets 

BjnM, &Smn 
Dr As DOB 
Crwrnr Agency 
Oreseeni Jsoea 
Party inc 

Drayton Cor* 
Draymn Fir EMI 

Dnywi Prana* 

BUM, Lan 




Enrten kn 

Engtcn SxA 




Rra%o f Amor 
RocAng Amencan^j Oa-.or 
Orotna ErJsnxtM 
Himma Far Efts) 
Reding Rodcpng 
Rsmrig Japan 
Ramng MomniM 
n smmn Oi ls jmu 
H wi*wtocti 
Ramlng Unuenri 

GT Japan 
Oenwal Rmd, 
Gioaaow Stock 

Dlv Yld 

Price Ch'gc pence H> P/E 



S20 • -B 

514 etO 

178 • -2 

103 -I 


mgh Law Company Pile 

300 291 QtoBa 294 

270 ae Qraantriw 248 

Z75 220 Graanam House 230 

171 130 HamtKoa 160 

282 220 M(P) 2>7 

548 448 ImvaHa Success $45 

254 206 km Cep 24 

E 41 JrooiAeaaia 45 

101V 127 L*a Wtw 138 

193 182 LwOetwtimi 1B5 

03 64 Lon Merenonl 5tc 85 

89 BE Lon Trust 89 

107 38 Hansnma M3 

174 133 Monks 154 

136 106 Maroy Income 128 

144 112 Murray k« 188 

223 1B3 Mtaray Sm* 222 

333 268 MurnVmaa 318 

40S 354 (tow Coin 333 

77 81 Naur Dalian 01 88 

178 153 1828 180 

94 37 NmhroglncID 50S 

243 157 Haw Tdqo 188 

334 245 MiAaamicSac 278 

129 74V NHiSaaAaaati BO 

285 227 Win Avar 282 

232 Raataan 
125 Rtari Marc 
IBS MaarPtm 
188 Robaco 
190 Roanco 
228 Romney 
10 Roramo 

88 SuMm 
235 ScoMah 
211 Gcot Amnam 

73 Scot Eartam 

345 ScotNSga 
304 Scot Nat 

354', Scot Marc 'A' 

500 Saenl ABance 
108 Sac Ot Scotland 
81 SmUhrQn 
32 St ewart Bcarp 
110 BtariiMdara 


Oi'ga ponce % P/E 


High Low Company 

Dw YU 

Ch'ge ponce 9b P. e 

TrAumla BtV 

Tr Or □« Lon DM 97 

TrkUSGsn 158 

Tr Meant FUa 202 

Tr North America » 

TrPadScBaaki 118 

TrPTOPOitr 141 

TVTach 91 

TrTmataoa 141 

Tempts 9ar 137 

Thregmonon 242 

Ttaog Skuad Cap 303 

Trans Ooaarte 158 

Tribuna 113 

TrtDkw s tlnc 79', 

USDiOMura 227 

irtbidRsaana BOV 

WtttWfll 70 

WbitertMOni Energy 88 

WDui 182 

Yaomro 287 







sot. 67 


























7. it 















A 1 

(Haiti Amber 
P tcra 

Erg Trust 



r rn»n n un 


BnOh Brotnam 

540 *45 

£39*1 • 


41 -I 


214 • 

MOV • -'a 
1S4 • *1 


182 -»3 


375 -8 

2 • :: 

S • :: 

33? ♦? 


294 42 

78 -I 


162 • *3 

254 44 2UJ 

BO <3 184 
89.3 4.9 100 

8(4 54 91 

M 41 Al 

AS 2.4 154 
30 49 124 
7.1 14 174 

57 74 107 
14 1.8 171 

2S.7P 24 Ml 

224 64 67 

183 25 aiJ 

184 64 73 

05 07 60 7 

'JGf/v l if * 

B*a ora. enmj tie 

CU Hc*T^fn«i*n-l. 0 oumemoieriBH 88 AL 

G<(5row 1C4 9 1105 

IftTMiv EC.IJV 757 ^15 

1A«,S»3T 5w1 1606 1*21 

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■WW1 Grem m= 550 Sft* *0 7 .. 

Dc-taLT* HO -07 

ST*3riT3'rc 1+4 B 1343 -!0 ISB 

CcAss.-^ If J 1742 — 1 3 

U6E3>--7Crem« a.0 :4£* —03 1 66 

CpAia^r 373 402» -04 .. 

F3W» T«n im 37.1 387 +0.1 

D3A=«- JT J 379 +02 

**<av Hcuaa. Cceciat +•«. EC20TBS 

■»Komai-jrt 348.7 3559 .. 591 

MBisrora t Itc. :tri 2 23.4 .. 099 

5. =a .r+jf Aoas. BrartApo* ijoa, 


f2J!f C-yrewMi 1265 I«22 *07 152 

fe*K-rn 3S5 3 374 7 -1 0 232 

DC T=-a »8 54.10 -02 SSo 

E ssatar. SM 122 +0J 141 

FrEMBm 522 SB 8 -03 0 90 

Wras 580 72.0 *06 ESI 

L+Mjnmr! 63* ffJ -03 1.34 

‘0^7 3 - *K 500 -01 43 

■SAr-oGia-rT'er. 65.: 89SC *0.1 118 

.TSKit'Sa 433 SIC +03 2.73 

20. CUftai SL Lenagi EC2A844X 

EamyDMI 8*3 

Do Accum 1254 

GO Trull <72 

DoAccun 602 

8)2 95.8 

1264 1332 
*73 *93 

802 522 

722 769 

822 862 
*62 SI .7 
482 82.1 

Do Accun 822 682 

USOowBi *62 61.7 

Do Accum 482 52.1 

WaiMOa Pari. EmHrEXS IDS 
0363 $21 55 

GanwtfTrvat 352 36 J 

ncomaTru* 292 31 7 

iramatonal Tool 262 27.7 


Dc Accum 
Amor Rocomay 
Do ACCun 
Do Adam 
Do Accum 
Do Accun 
Compound Gtmrai 

Conwnpi Grown 

Do Inc 

D~wnd Fund tnc 

Do Accun 
Euocaan 2 Otnurai 
Do Accun 
Extra ’ tala Inc 
Dc Accun 
Far Eon 'em rne 
Do Accum 
Frmd Of Era Pic 
Do Act 

Qonmi moorne 

Do Accum 
mcon-e me 
DO Accum 
Do *acun 
Jaoan 1 Gentne 
Do Accum 
Japan Smatar Acc 
Mcaara lOanlrc 
Do Accun 
Rocomiy Funiinc 

Do Accun 

198.7 212.2 
227 9 243.2 
2242 75BD 
2434 25*2 

52.4 55 5* 

$33 8020 

708 762 

78.0 KL2 
14)2 1593 
1K 8 2003 
33*0 3574 
SO 7 zaB3 
1582 1804 

321.7 34120 
9202 BQO0 
ISI 7 

1807 ISIS 
1769 1S8S 
3707 3929 
1033 1'T.O 
1321 MU 
ZOU 2122 
3'T.I 339* 
4843 S1340 
CO 14 ID 76 
553 58 1 

812 M 1 
367 3930 

285 412 

205 26420 
8813 7013 
836 0 8863 
50 1 53i 

4797 50*8 
5092 $42* 
623 HI 
4339 *593 
COBS 1129 
2U. 1 292.10 
3*' 1 J91 i 
558 8 59020 
E13W 1152 
5363 574S 

Dc-Moim £13 99 1153 

SrwrCaK 5363 574S 

CO Accum 829 0 8*70 

Trusov Fund kc 382.1 3371 

Cc Accum £10+3 1934 

Cunoond inc(3) 10*2 

Do Accum 13) 3067 

Cnartund«i2} 31 U 3M4 

DoAcoanp!) 7504 7964 

Ponaron Enop |l) 3713 388 1 

NAACremerJi J3 1 

Do Accum ril 3774 


1 1. DemiWKo So. Landed EC2M 4 TR 
.01-823 *273 

Eary Lumet 3252 3)9 7 

Do Accum 4074 423S 

DA UanoM FMBuraa 54 7 58_J 

OoAooun $54 565 

Jipan Pancnunoa 77 1 8240 

On Aeon 77J 89S0 

23 3oaua> FaaSFai 57S I'J 

Da Accun 574 814 

Gold A Pracrasi Mat 99 4 42.4 

Do Accun *03 *33 

US Spacer Inc 5X9 574 

00 Accun 56.8 58J 

b nua 'Partkic 832 672 

Do Accun 8X2 872 

90.100 SanAmg Rd. Mtldslana. KaN MEM 

+03 147 
*65 187 
•62 604 
*61 604 
♦03 54) 
+03 948 
+61 1.43 
+61 1.40 

+13 190 
+15 150 
+14 1J0 
-20 1.70 
+03 133 
+04 130 


-14 2.90 
-24 288 
-69 2-<W 
-lj 7.10 
-22 671 
-0.1 671 
+67 BEO 
+09 0 69 
-'2 6*0 
—24 6*0 
-01 2.10 
—02 218 
-24 X27 
-XT 12T 
-49 450 
-010 *50 
-03 10.10 
-04 1018 
+ 04 251 
*0 6 281 
-13 828 
-43 e.w 
-27 284 
-43 284 
+03 651 
*38 029 
+10 029 
+03 013 
-2* 4 81 
-008 441 
-1 a X75 
-13 675 
-37 407 
-OB? 427 
-27 320 
—42 X2D 
-31 440 
-0® 450 

.. 8 50 

.. on 
. sm 
-04 9.43 
-63 943 

Do Accun 
H Au mitr a l me 
Do Accun 
Onmaa Groarih 
Do Accun 
SmaDar Can tnc 

Do Accum 

b» o«Mr cmg rid 

106* 1774 +61 033 

7743 1854 +61 623 

013 0730 -61 120 

1092 11620 -61 140 

B69 9690 +0.1 128 

1074 11620 *62 120 

064 91.1 e - 1.1 2Ba 
904 904c .. 220 

Japan Onnan 
Japan Staler Cob 
M astartund 


1 83. Hope straat Gtaago«G2 2UN 

Amancan 90S 1061 -67 438 

Etmpoai 1084 '1BB.3 +64 143 

SmaDirCoi 1712 1863 +61 132 

46 QraactMcn SL GC3P3NH 
01-823 4200 Ea2W 

W9 UK 1893 1067 +64 320 , 

Do Accun 2714 2884 +67 340 

WlOiam 474.1 60*4 +32 130 

Do *ccun 076* 6132 *67 130 

FarEan Ace 914 567 .. QAO 

Do DM 614 64.7 . . 640 

Amancan Ace 505 5340 -61 140 

Dp DM 561 5340 -61 140 

TO Bn A. Nonricn Mil 3NQ 

M Oner Craig 7)8 

8 22 873a +62 680 

722 77.8 +01 2.74 

872 1042 *69 4.74 

532 573 +03 .. 

01.7 073 +03 

2X2 244 .634 

_ 074 0X00 +04 .. 

3E Asm Grand SXB 1064 +62 303 

Santeu 1033 11630 +0.B ai» 

Scotslarae 1407 15040 +68 431 

Ecotytsaa 1263 1362 +65 498 

O MnctmumaBuial B»3 055 *66 67D 

Smalar Ctft Inc 1ZZ.1 13M +04 532 

SoacM SMdans 764 814 +04 640 

UKEqUIy 1504 1BOB +14 293 

U3Gnmrih 6*4 704 +61 059 

UrMrai Bronte 882 72.7 +63 614 

BRarpnoo mam. Ponamodte 

Amancan tec 1004 1173 

Do Accun 1123 1193 

AooMuilnc 59-6 6*4 

DO Accun 8X4 03. 3 

EiaopaMtec 860 822 

Do Accum 861 053 

GMOFtadmc 514 543 

DaAceum 742 782 698 

OotdFutrOInc 3C.I 3*3 +66 339 

Do Accun 3X4 3X7 +60 679 

Incan* 1361 MOJ +69 557 

Do Accun 3061 3282 +12 527 

hamcona 073 9X70 .. 0*4 

Do Accun >204 12830 -61 04* 

JapSmlr Go'i A£ 061 6020 +61 0.10 

angapuo t MMoy 472 5630 +64 140 

doAcoan 420 S130 +02 140 

SmUarCOAtnc 1055 1122# -62 1.75 

Do ACCOM 1103 11720 -R3 1.75 

' Special 82a me 064 922 -61 121 

Do Accun 894 9S5 ..191 

ToAroPMOlPO ’304 1394 -44 041 

Do Accum 1314 1409 -09 631 

U8MM-C0VAC 468 5X0 +03 038 

UXEquMho S*4 30.7 X5B 

Do Accun 1204 i» +66 348 

RHxnara 8523 B97.0 *72 243 

SpocM bcenc* 984 1042a .. 191 

PBMkaaiCnarty 40X7 8204 e .. 340 

26 51 Anorawa Iq. EAteuUi 

M tncoma UnHa 1242 1312 .. 328 

Do Accun 1039 10X2 .. 608 

10. ^Andran* SO. EtMteurgh 
IQ1 225 2211 

UKEteMT 1432 1532 -62 290 

AmjrMai 1953 W*4 +62 142 

11*4 1224 +6.1 600 

Eunpatm 1742 1064 *67 070 

m WreMBL Ocraon G2 5HN 

UKEoufly 13X7 1472 +69 278 

■}R« 7066 109.1 +02 943 

UK fin* Col Ed 1129 12*4 +69 2 . 1 B 

Baapean 1*52 1563 +93 1 x 2 

NAmancaO 0*4 1063 +61 241 

Partite 1049 TI19 +14 144 

OrtaroTnaM £1042 1095 

W Trust 1123 1161 

fl p aeMHBlgn tokut at niaiiintr 
86. Cum S>wl London CC*N 6AE 
daatmgi 0I-Z88 3885^7/»H/0 
mtnrruacort Grown 1212 13010 

Income S Grown *60 402 

SpacMSos 674 761 

American Growth 234 309 

Japan Grow* 342 307 

BaoonMi (howte 50.7 543 

UK Growte 442 4730 

Paulo Gram 3X2 3SS0 

1801 mooma 294 3120 

Pracacal kicoma 4X7 489 

Do Accum 78 8 007 

262. >*d> FUbern. nCf V 791 

Growth Frmd me 714 7X9 

Do Accun 10*4 1119 

IneonaFuid 984 102.8 


Do Auaim 

Uni Trust Inc 1014 10640 

Do Accun 1TA9 1052# 

AS. Hart SnnoL Hstsay On Thamas 

SM Grown 21X1 2309 

rneome 1629 18X0 

HWridMdsRac 1210 1204 

AmuGramn 589 829 

M Emm Co's 6*7 092 

FuEaaGrwm 61.7 R9 

222 B an co oa la. London EC2 
014*7 7644/7 

+02 120 : 
+43 230 
+67 610 
* 0.1 110 

+0.1 690 
♦XT 190 

-62 ora 
.. 010 
.. 670 
+0.1 670 




Ham Amancan 



Extra means 

8X1 952 

14X4 151.8 
■12 082 
1114 1262 
taU 1282 
1643 16440 
10X0 110.70 
074 71 I 



779 m 

*38 484 

219 231 

361 3*4 

EtOoaom Wsy.S 


Growmira B12 8X4 -03 XJB 

HlHuan 073 100 6 -02 691 

1 wan iname Uaas 96 1 914 -6* la 

WoirisUGHlM SIS 5340 *611114 

MOrowlhlMs 050 1012 -13 6*8 

NAmorteanUren 692 83 6 -14 0_5fl 

F«J East than 6SS 090 -03 0S1 

SmoBWCrtFutf 532 572 -61 203 

RB0S Hotan. P2rg nan a EC* 


Ortcn Meome TB Inc *74 an* .. B3D 

DB Aceuh 87.0 916 630 

Gran Fima Inc 1137 133’ .. 192 

DO Accun 2C62 2Z12 .. XS2 

Ursaro H+e 252. RomiartPO. E7 

t*<nrop 111.1 111 , *07 426 I 


1 , Stmmm^a Harts 

S SrisUGHUrt 

HS 592 
124 6 13*3 
;SI3 17*2 

33. Kmg man Si EC4R 9A5 


■ax7o ,{ fipi 



narrijra Dr. 6arnij6jhS*o Wratnaifi. W Sima. 


Oo Acomr 

Eucomt Grown) 
Oo Accun 
3a Accun 

Gasnua *c=u? 

Do Accum 

K9 909 .. l.te ' 

88 S 94.1 1.14 

41 8 .7 A -03 59* 1 

*5.7 488 -49 19* 

99.4 I0SJ -63 1.15 

102.0 1085 -02 I.1S 

201 0 2133 +14 672 

32X5 34*2 *15 616 

ft* ?5.1* +09 475 

848 85*0 +42 475 

IttnonO Swrapt *+XT 63.1 +C3 328 

Ct iHrircy Trua 94 3 3720 -32 EX 

Spacar sirm.Trust 712 779 -33 *37 

UKSmlrCi Rae Te 575 812 -13 :.'5 , 

WMteaitar hw, 77. Lotfen Wil. l^nrion EC3N I +* 

01 -5885620 

MB Grown 842 08J -C4 

AmananQrmn 9*4 s&i -€> iK 

A mman Inc 81* £6.6 +03 6.C* 

^oroewan GrawCi 1570 1865 -1.9 C21 

S573naraa ^9 +45 12* 

jmviD pwte 0X2 102 -63 0J7 

PaOBc Mccoa S«J 86 j . *« 

UKScertrtOpps 8 SJ 74.1 -62 6 ** 

ftorof Erowiga. EC3P 3CN 
41-498 SOM 

OlAFOradUt ima 1145 -12 977 

QromnEaXT 1712 1822 • *58 

CHWlCiB 2561 250.1 -67 197 

NAmarion 1319 1 > 1 « +09 HI 



~c • 





1 K 

B1 * 




IS? 8 



















n Aaejm 

G; Accum 







3c *cc-rr 
.'Tin Gmaei 

UQ Aoxr: 
Wcriewrta (kowte 


1563 1622 *67 156 

297 8 298 2 +1J 155 

462 *14 .395 

■3 3 53.7 329 

'272 136.1 *68 621 

2345 3439 +14 621 

SU gu *02 622 

588 608 *09 023 

2267 2X0 .. 509 

*281 *572 .. SM 

157 1 IE63 +08 C27 

:U9 1TS2 +68 047 

*83 £01 093 

*U StT .022: 

059 343 a -02 123 

9*3 131* -02 123 

r.i ht ..a*9 

903 989 .. 0.43, 

i*59 1559 +68 632 

1061 1733 *0 7 632 

15U 16*90 *03 12Z 

DIM 23030 *04 133 

teram 65 X 09.4 *03 *9i 

DO Accum 7T5 751 *69 *21 

Wsw u OOB al 1871 IMP +10 138 

Do Accun £113 2457 +29 '30 

J8W1 029 0630 *04 835 

Oo Accun 9*2 '0030 *08 093 

■teeoaary 1KL7 1*3 +13 395 

Oo Acorn 150 5 101 +1*155 

£**np*OU 191.0 1909 - 678 

C s a r-3 Actum 2883 2962 .. 678 

UtfMrB HSA. Sriar SL Hao6 BroflsM 51 3RD 

Crotaikiccna EB9 71J0 .. 2.74 

Da Accun Ml Mi* .. 174 

5i-«3. maraWi wero Put, ciaa. 

Cl -478 3X77 

HeacmECjRy JSU 3B0S 

Hotrom Eurapoan 05 7 003 

HoDoo Comma 560 

M0C»mHqnlnc X53 508 

Hoamtnlro 794 0020 

HoCmm Jaoanasa 579 B1 2 

Hooon, N AnWcm BU SB B 

HoCnm Bpac Sta «BJ $33 

Hecoro im ctowm 07* 718 

HoBo-nCaaTrusI 1548 1860 

31-45 Graanam SL London SSV 71M 

Quadrant Ganoni MSB 3759 i«LB 20110 

□uaorant lad Fa 32J .8 J4S.1 

OrudramRacPMMy 3151 2283 

St SwriMna L«ns. kenoan EC4P 40U 

NG Amsnca me 2367 2507 

Do Accun 25X0 380 7 

RC Energy n«s 19)2 1003 

HCKwna 766 773 

raSJvoi 1212 1288 

NC Smalar Coa 11*1 1213 

NCSrnOr Erne CO'S 1361 U6S 

HCEranwar £11X0 12X0 

NC Amt Prop J1137 12.18 

hCPropacr 1809 nu 

rowan uwrrmisr 


01-008 1 £88 

Amancan 1*1 2065 3B.5 

SacuflaaCI 5760 5873 

TWO 13X3 

y y.Pl 2668 3TOS0 

fUM fram 1965 1515 

113.0 11*90 

FarEmnei IXL3 1373 


sris?^' bnsw 

OKJTT *422 

buy Trust 811 Ml 

WTrutS 579 OOS 

GrtTrua 04.1 2530 

UST-uai Z72 Jm 

PaancBasn'M 267 2U 

«M 578115 


29. CnartWa 6a EatoOurah 

PaofC 362 3X8 *62 .. 

worm Grown 2 x 0 311 + 0.1 a 78 

H Amancan 32.1 3*.« ++)2 080 

mocnwFuid 379 398 +63 SM 


PO Boz 006 EAteugnEHISGSU 

PagEqli* 180 g 3019 -61 

Do Accun 2167 270 a _ 2_5 


Sfi?fiST t " ,EC,Y “ T 

American TartiAOan dot »• 

i Qj4 *** 

Japan Toen A Gan 808 851 _nn „.2 

g^un.^ !«i ;t?. 3i S 

Ermay^S 10 ” ’1x5 ’SI 3$ J® 

Si £S It Is 

Si ^ 111 

ST II fi* | 


SkWMSatSI 46J 452 .. 


ofSeaSS' ,fla »“»»•""«. uwion wax ud 

DOA.SSStw, gfj +.8 342 


Amancan Turn 8 Oan 

JMian Taen A Gao 


See a«oBi* Rid 
£«rtar Gtauoono 
Amancan Majors 
Bud Co . 

Japan Tarimotogj' 


008 851 

1148 1268 
1*62 1561 0 
1569 167 7 
28.4 282 

£1 ,b - a 

669 85.1 

^9 47080 
2X4 2 60 

ggge*ar r,ii, » 

Amancan Find 
Do Accun 
. DoWmiraeNI 
Aoairatan Fund 

^ DOAeeuM 

Do Accun 
EnrotMon Fund 
Do Accum 
, DoAcoan 

109,7 2029 
2133 Wl, 

Tlt.7 IliS 

1169 1263 

£55 s®2 
Si 8711 

25-; wat 

2578 2528 

2108 2245 
2114 SI 
'■IM lffij 

-ia tor 

"Si iw 

+67 087 
■Ht.7 697 

.. 483 

+<La 037 

52M 578115 
Amancan oroarh 
Capra) Acorn 

High Incoma 

(nun, A Ornate 



7X4 7610 +08 089 

1488 15X3 +12 287 

4X3 509 ..981 

Ol.I 8600 +61 580 

750 IUi *63 637 
549 S73 +0.1 099 

028 6X1 +08 180 

Carimodry 1 Gan 

+13 XM 


+ 19 X04 


*02 SB3 







+64 TUI 

Wen row 



+68 650 





* 6 T +J 8 




+11 4JS 


a. wwan RU. Renter) RJI 3L8 

n-71 OuaraSL etzanK 

[RonttM)0708-GtUS Or 03I-2M 7391 

Aaiar(nc&i3i0ate 09 SU -61 898 

CapWU** 894 9140 +08 672 

CnamoSly *60 49 9 *08 1 « 

finaiWteto AO 864 *6* 690 

fcteJWW'Crawn 062 817 +14 677 

EnmgtocBna BU 898 -. 098 

PcH*<43 sa.1 948 ..184 

§C«TTgg T 379 408 .083 

PnaadaighM 709 9i20 * 0 * 284 

GH8nK *08 865 «08lt»' 

HtfiRwarr.URte 1448 IH 81 -zl sj? 

Mtevwalta 13X8 1448 +M&44 1 



FMEMThulA* Si gj 


o5*5iS 1044 

Bore motel# he ’wl , 2K 

Do Aaun aS’i fts 

Qanaraliwun- IS? 1104 

Do Accun S|J Ill'S* 

Do Accun Sr 478 b 

pSEhc 2ttJ0 

JK— ml |£| 


SI S| 

Bkr Oner chng ym 

TgjMHoura. Gauhouae U. AyMwy Buck* 

AmuQKQa 088 744 +03 048 

AuaMan 648 2&J0 -03 610 

Caomaxtey 761 8180 +«9 615 

Enr+sy 372 398 +64 188 

Equ«y 1SS3 11490 .. 381 

Bacpcan Bpac Sfls 788 017 +07 630 

Ermfercoma 96* 1063 +6S 630 

Fhanrtil 2178 2324 +65 617 

at™™ 960 1063 +69 690 

CMUmcaaM 688 060 +69 180 

Do Accun 1084 1141 +1.1 188 

mcoma 064 719 +08 642 

S29 503 +01 X10 

MolnASkigroora 167 TB9 .. 

PBdfcteC 64 0 008 *0 4 610 

DaHMnvaat 704 04.7 +0J 610 

Pra l_Blaan W 189 178 -031614 

UKCapma 869 sue +05 zjs 

Spiddsaa 76JI 00.1 +61 18|. 

Teomotonr *X1 *800 *62-0.10 

riOrM mcoma 463 *65 +63 780 

WMMHaGapu 115.0 108 +08 60S 

E«WE«{» 649 863 • . 628 

Oo Accun PO 1167 1Z7.7a .. 628 

Japan. »8 503 +01 

MolmASklBspira 167 TBS 

PBrtlfcmc 640 008 *04 

DaHMnvaat 7B4 04.7 +67 

Pro! Eton Fd 189 178 -OS 

UKCapma 869 508c +65 

Spoddau 76JI 00.1 +61 

Tgqmolofly *11 4800 *62 

ntric mcoma 463 498 +63 

WDtWmnaCwWM 11JB 12} J * 6 fi 

& Mty.E*n> 649 08J a 

Do Accun (3) 1117 1Z7.7a 



Snuamrco's 061 092 -19 


JJgWJjgJF-r a. PU0OB D«*.LonOOO ec+vjat 

AmwcjnCramh 312 3 x 1 -04 

Ownaaowte 439 463 *06 

etoOBTBCh 33.4 3SJB -01 

moonwGrowte 494 3X2 ^*5 

mcom n MnnM y 403 434 +63 

Japan Q rowYl 258 278 

CTaoaa GrowHi 354 308 

§2fi!S2L ass sis 

terartalOppi 511 6*J +0J 

U»««m RA ChalnwtonJ 

+32 l?0 
-0.1 isb 
•- 0S6 

*23 '-a 

+62 IS* 
+08 697 
408 587 
+07 X12 
+«-1 US 

+08 a » 

+04 .1 1 

418 4J6 
+1-0 485 
♦ftl Q.5S 
♦62 gu 
408 188 
+1.1 180 
+09 60S 
403 698 
+03 114 

■nu ns 

CUTOimalSi 3878 0 

P oAggr" 11 ^ 817.8 8- 

naUmoFunaiJ) 1094 X 

Da Accun |4) 77o -t * 

n^»>a Am s Jen (4| tmn - 

Do Accum (41 23) 2 2< 

F*<**og me Fuid |4) i«32 1! 

SA WAmarfJ) 1361 V 

SXWSmhSace MBA 1( 


3878 3058 .. 440 

817.8 8461 .. 440 

3»4 2208 .. 348 

M3 2*14 .. 348 

M38 2178 .. 181 

2312 2442 .. .181 

1436 1508 .. -538 

1361 14390 -38 1.77 

1024 1078 -1.1 988 

Do Acc 


Do Acajrn 

Far Eastern 
Do Accum 
DO Accun 

G* mcoma 
Do Accum 
Hpr TafcJ 

. Dc Accun 

* Do Accum 

aw Eananoi 

Do Accum 
. Do Accum 
Do Accun 

ante* Co's Oh me 
_ DoAroun 


_ Go Accum 

European Qramn 

CCS 8670 +86 168 

844 .0690 *68 125 

2748 291.10 +49 610 

48X0 51440 +18 3J0 

2360 2560 +68 688 

S2&0 5M2 +62 898 

1254 1348 .. 082 

134.7 1447 +61 082 

439 4&8 ..3» 

•78 719 ■ ..SSS 

1167 1172 +X8 795 

1266 131.7 +08 725 

1009 104 7 +0810K 

158.1 184.1 +68 MS 

44.1 479 +61 Z15 

B4J 1004 +04 7.X 

1867 I860 +67 824 

5609 8063 +63 &Z* 

1S7S 146S +08 391 

1984 2118 +67 381 

8313 707 

M Til 

8X3 761 

18X2 1770 +13 UB 

2379 2524 +61- U» 

1067 11X30 +6* 0* 

1268 13440 +60 095 

10X8 1169 . -6fJ s » 

2708 2088 -TS«» 

*61 4610 -- 

567 5*00 .. 6® 

19X4 105 

^ LrQ ACT an 2063 2107 

•43 898 

879 832 

— gt A 867 



SsS*- TJ 1 ffi 
asm 1083 ,13J 

817 064 
864 fl&S 
519 Stf 
579 764 

S4T 569 
1135 1229 

Bl 5!55®_ 187.0 1564 +64 IB 

Hterifu*" 2161 2257 tM 2-H 

Sjua* 1678 1788 ♦}! W 

ThSS , 5 * 1 323 9440 +0.1 ff 

_ 1094 1164 . +0fl 

A^xa? 'S5 ™ ^ 

“W0f>o«oSo(4| hSI M . -i *» 

“^^7.D«Miroa6liia0»SC2 . 

SfkanTrou >17 664 *&t 2® 

fir Era 8 Qan 624 60S +0S 

ESStIS™" 519 843 -C '•* 

•""•Tn* 67j 72.4 *02 X™ 

Japan ttowtli gay an . . +62 0+$ 

gMQmip anlw lias EJ •• ♦«* Jg 

3M 367 J0J S« 

MWnlla 404 4X40 L+fia 1-W 

n 1079 11480 4fl8 

369 4M 467 1® 

2*S™0 219 223 2W 

jnWa fanOclfl 17j tap' ... 

Sf si ts 

»OM0«FiaB £89 60S V +0.1 ^ 


B5| laT and 3^ 


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■ - . 
- r-'iyts; 




Talk of G5 action boosts index 

By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

The West . German finance ' 20.4 points to 1390.5, while the 

a tTQ nf^tr +yV Ir A>v » v/i— minister,.. $4r Martin Bangs- FT 30 share index put on 15.2 

Idjv Y ICLKcnVnt mans; brought a late booSt to points to 1109.5. Government 

■r i ; /Ty ;. ■: r ;■ ■■ ' stock, market yesterday stocks also benefited from the 

Is Trusthouse Forie winding. " R^markahiv -th-- ’when te suggested that this Ute sui^ with long-dated gilts 

itself up for a major, apquisi- did -not wnt/v come aboufbv \. of ^ U P toi^and the 

lion? Tie company's baW redncSSa “SS Gronpof.BvcwB brag an shorts by about £V t 

!nnh nmnrvt Fnr s. ; .. m vurrys; sales American-led cal! for a enordi- _ . _ .. ... ■ 

American-led call for a coordi- 
nated fait in Interest rates. . *. 

. After ihg British base rate rise 

sheet loote primed fortdee, 

over activity which will breathe cent ih The case of Dixons and Afi n , , • . 

some interest into a- business ’’S wanf£ rS Ch After th? Bnti&h base rate nse 

where the air hay tierin' staS • ^.rjP^cent-^.the^'bflty 
by ^ fr^uonaof the failed s^-^Scial , lb « l :. ” tes .. con,d “ 0,hcr 1 

bid for the Savoy. . .. but not CniciaL Takine existing 

With -gearing down from .33 -stores alone, sales rose by 15 ' World of Leather, the furniture 
per cent to 29 per. cent, net per . cent W 22 per cent «tafler, .rose 8p to I9lp 
borrowings at £265 million are respectively in ; Dixons and y esterd *y »* the broker to the 
hardly running out of control; - CUrnrs. : company, Simon & Coates, told 

Yet at .the same timeJ.THF is Nmety ‘ stores ; are heine -clients prospects for 1986 are 
trying to sew up. air ingenious rfc&rbished this vear and the evm better than, expected. After. 

£100 million deal?: *dU* finan— pn^amme will beextrnded in “ 

cial institutions which wfll 1986r87,. Interestingly capital 
secure financing for its "hotel spending has beeakept to £38 
development programme with- million, so gearing is felling 
out stretching the company’s sharply and shbuMbe below 20 
ownresources. _ • per cent at the year end. ' 

-^ Bues ■***} ^ The lull effect of the Currys 

which will see institutions ptit acquisition has yet to be feti 
up 70 per cent of the cost of because this- year win be the 
new hotels m return for. a first to have a full-year’s 
leasehold interest and a fixed contribution from the new 
and : variable return, linked to ratigje of own label products, 
life hotel s performance, ■ is the- refits and- from new 
more efficient for shareholders electronic gadgetry-.Xfie oui^i^ 
ti* 3 ®. ^mcreasing. berrowmgs town stores are also - showing 
by £100 million or seeking prbmisd. ‘ 
additional funding through .a /While. the group has plenty 
rights issue. of momentum from these 

market beard the good news 
from the US earlier this month. 

The specialist . carmaker. 
Group Lotos, alsp. Ioolp to be 
benefiting from American in- 
fluences. though the shares were 
suspended from dealings at 

mauling, were firm. Dixons General Investments, the Leisure Gronp, formerly Intasun, 
Group, helped by its figures, vehicle of Mr Konrad Legg, rose 6p to 108p- 
rose 25p to 91 7p. Storehouse the former Jesse! Securities _ „ . . . . . 

(British Home Stores and executive. * • H , ea '^Jf ade 

(British Home Stores and executive. * • Hea vy, tr ade - , , 

Habitat Mothcrcare) gained 18p Bristol Channel Ship ^ rou P P^ruary rails helped 
to 306p. Repairers edged, ahead to 6?«p 

Bentalls, the Kingstone- as Barlow Qowes Nominees Tradcd_ Opuons market to a 

Even before 1 the -late excitfr- 121 p yesterday. News is ex- 
ment, TI Gronp and Evered peeled soon of a deal between 
Holdings were firm as rumours the British firm and Chrysler 

p££d^ oh ded be*« *» J™* j™pcd 5p to UMpcrccm. iSyiSH 

bv Toer cent -and th^'nnsnhntv noiflmp were Him as nauaws “ 

Evered takeover 
■ imminent. 

World of Lea ther , the fur ni t ur e But. Mr Raschid Abdullah, 
retailer, rose 8p to 191p Evercd’s chairman, said* “We 
yesterday as the broker to the ^ve no immediate plans to 
company, Simon & Coates, told Tnai cr, any an n oun cem ent and 

British Car Auction Group, 

. But Mr Raschid AbduM, T^KiTrfime Interoationfll, the 
Evered's chairman, said; We ^here Mr 

have no immediate plans to Timothy Aitken, the former 
mak& any announcement and Aitkeii Hume chief executive, 
we have not been buying .TI hw »n g per cent shareholding, 
shares”; - k eyrt ff t pH fn mMumce a 

evm better than expected. After ^ams"- ■ 
a good Christinas order period Everk has 20 per cent of TI 
auod the sudden acquisition of -and is widely expected to be 

five -sites, the City firm now 
reckoas WoL will make 
million against £522,009 in 
1984. ' and. an estimated £1J 
million last year. 

ihaye not Deen ouymg . u has an 8 per cent shareholding, 
; , “ ^ is expected to announce a 

Evered has 20 per cent of TI significant acquisition shortly, 
id is widely expected to be y shares nwe 4p to 64p 
eparing a takeover bid. yesterday: 

!t activities, another acquisition Tuesday. Bui. early optimism 
- s -^” baye cannot be-fez^away.. Yet almost -.showed signs -of waning as the 

Otherideas up tidske'vc.wftich; W -Ww-hW 

cent- - the idea was welcomed 
by- investors and dealers alike. 
Market indexes gained sharply, 
between 4pm and 5pm, the FT- 
SE 100 index, rising nearly 12 
points in that hour. 

The indexes had - already 
made some progress, with share 
prices attempting to rally after 
the nasty fells on Monday and 

- r km *r -r — - uu, t'luumuc, icu iu i 

37 3 D yesterday.. I 52 p. Magnet & Southerns lo: 

^Evered . 4p at 134p on its figures. 

was IOosteOMerat I88p which has a 29 per cent slake in Da.rouports Brewery, th 

...O^ the ^dccuical ' pitch, Lotus, refected market antiri- B.rmingam ffoup jurap^ 3° 
ftessev fell 4o to l64rx after pauon of good news for the car Jp .j' 3Up ? n _ n opes of 


tekeover bid from GEC was Bridon, ihe wire rope maker, 

143p. The company is a long- 
standing takeover favourite, 
there were strong suggestions 
yesterday that the Long-mooted 
bid was about to materialize. 
David Dixon Group, the hosiery 
group, improved 12p to 2SOp. 
A&J Gelfer is expected to bid. 

Westland, fell 4p to 9 Ip as 
the political wrangle continued 
to embarrass the Government. 

Trusthouse Forte, despite a 
19 per cent profits rise, fell Ip to 
1 52p. Magnet & Southerns lost 
4p at 1 34p on its figures. 

Davenports Brewery, the 
Birmingham group, jumped 30p 
to 350p on hopes of a 
Boddingtons* Breweries bid. 
The -shares have climbed 90p in 
a week. Guinness, on further 

r* m 2,943. The action reflected 

Ihstfllw improved fp to market speculation that Hanson 
538p as the bidder Mr James Trust is ready to increase the 
Gulliver's Argyll Group laun- 0 f j B takeover offer for 
i n ■ — — Imps. Elsewhere business was 
Cape 1-Cure Myers, the broker, relatively quiet, though there 
expects Lamont Holdings* pro- was a sudden spark of life in 
fits to have increased, from £ 3 .5 Vaal Reefs, the mining com- 
million to £4.5 minim, and is pany. A total of 747 contracts in 
forecasting a further rise to £5.5 Vaals were traded, 
million in the current year. 

Lamont, based in Northern 
Ireland, is hoping to expand its 

textile and engineering sides by amu* 

arqmsfeajp’. Tip shares were At^M^ivicktnSjiOnJiiSO) alw 
unchanged at 136p. Aiiiky (Lain) 3p Out (t35l 1784-2 


a&SrVt* rrferred to- the ro« another 5p to 122p, making SSffi&jjL *“ reSuflS ' 
Monopolies Commission. GEC *S*™i of 1 Op so far this accounL fia> ned ,0 P 10 308 P- 

was unchanged at T68p. 

Guest, Keen A Nettlefolds 

Talk in the market suggests that 
two factors are moving the 


ched another attack. 

Share prices of the leading 
holiday lour companies were on 
the move again as signs 
emerged of genuine high 
demand for package holidays. 

Tour operators usually talk a 

Axbley Him) 5p Ore (135) 178+2 

Cable *.Wirekas SC%> Ord (387) 300p Pd 290 
Ouncery Secaritia 2 Sd Ord (Ui) 6S 

uucai, mxu a i,buimw.w 

was still enjoying the effects of . Jr 5 ; . . , 

finalsing its joint venture deal . S?? 1 * analysts rrckon secondr 
RKN shares ^ figures will be much more 

shipyards group, jumped 31 p to lot about the need for early 
300p in a thin market. Results bookings at this time of year. 

ptiter tdras upilS ^\^whjch, -swy ^ tould irvolve 

v^ie^re aflditKjoaHiakiing: 1 substahfial-^ariiifi^ (ffltMbn, -a 
' The. beefed-up balance sheet consequfarce of Dixons’ own 
was supported by a solid profit- modest : rating on - the stock 
and loss performance Pretax market. * - - - - 

profits increased . to. £ L29.6 Eveu if the group were not to 

million from £108.9 million, find a 'suitably priced target 
Both figures have been restated soon, profits should in the near, 
to reflect, the change in future- top £70 million this year 
accounting policy .which results and £95 million- next, 
in TrtFs taking its share of the On this- year’s earnin gs , the 
Savoy's - profits into the. profit p/e is 18 but on next year’s it 
and loss account, not just fells tojusl 13. 

Savoy dividends. That change The shares rose 15p to 907p,- 
was worth about £5 million in- indicating- that it may not be 

with British SteeL.GKN shares ^ ?e much inore 

77in exemng man me IU per cent 


arc due next week. The but there is rarely any shortage 
company has extended its of last-minute space, 
con Ira ct to run the Neorion This time, however, demand 
Shipyard in Qrecra for a year really does appear to be on the 

olve dfficraf -dofie approached,- land: strbhgly - after sharp ' profit- Bndon s push and it hopes to conclude a long- move, with some would-be 

m -i •- ii_- . ^.x,- TTw» intd j the'US rope marker hss ■ .iemi arfanannent ■ ■ hniirinvniatmflnriinaiidifFiniif 

'only '~Mr BShgCmanh's' assist- taking 'earlier in the week. The m i 

as??* 3 ^ --waaBix- - 

By the end of the day the 343p after its announcement of quying, 

FT-SE.100 revealed a gam of total car rales for 1985. The Stores, after their -recent 

term arrangement ■ 


the >*ear to October 31. ' long before Dixons* shares are 

The trading performance rerated and the block to further 
was aided by an excellent acquisitions is removed, 
performance from the British 

jffil Magnet ^Sootfaems 

M^et & Southerns is at a 
both occupancy . rates and lurning point It is not just that 
average room rates improved the tiilS business generally is 
as the company continual i° improving but that Magnet's 
9“* b,t of own actions are About to bear 

P 1 ^® 1 Sf. n !JI3£ niIC .ftmL The company has entered 

JHFhas ambitious plans, on a radical repositioning of its 

distribu ^ on outlets, converting 
whal wcrc buUders ' merchants 
5f - intoretaiToutlets. ' 

Chef lodgeswhich will. The first half saw- all the 
provide low-cost ^ccommoda- costs, but none of the benefits . 

imeMtine^rhetfiea 1 of tbis Programme. Profits 

from £16-9 /niflion. 

tekosc bHrncc ixXs: 
coiijd offer excellent Temrns on the- distribution side 

* . ^rose-by 11 pen cent. butprofits. 
anatti active scgmcpt~pT thfc fdrby r 7twfcenL 

group’ 8 business. - ■ - - ' ^ . The” fim of the ' super' 

Interest m the group will showrooms opened last Feb- 
now centre on us acquismon ruarv< but aj^y there, are 55. 

. Ir - . ■■ ■ c* - M+J UJV jv«u WMU UM.»W< VT**! W UW 

itself virtually immtme from a another 10 0 are to be . 
takeover because of its “trust convened next year. Initial- 
holdings,. the shares were down Jfsu ^ s are curemdy encourag- 
ipai - -P- .. ing. with sales on average up 60 

nivmie Cmnn - . P« «uL If this increase can be 

DIXOBS IjrrOIip • ... maintained the^ prospects, for 

If Mr Stanley Kalins did not'groiiP profits are exceUenL 
have better things to do at could -even double in two 

Dixons Group, he could run a 1 . . , . , . 

successful takeover schooL In 7™ mam problem wun tne 
tltc present climate there would switch, so .far is that trade 
be plenty of pupils wanting to customers havp. fallen , away.- 
sit at the master’s feet. .. But the. increase in do-it-your- 
Yesierdav's interim results, self business more than offsets 
confirmed that he can absorb a ti'J decline. The change supply 
company the size of Currys in reflects the; nse of the dq-u- 
short order and make both it youraelf enthusiasts prepared 
and lhe existing business grow. l0 . hmi& -.doors and install 
With this triumph on record - wi u“ 0w s. 

Mr Kalms is ready to make . The advantage of the scheme 
another large acquisition soon. | s utal each ronversion costs 
First-half profits were £30.1 fan £50,000, so borrowing 
million, up from £l2.5rmiffion, ^ hay? nsen -over the 
which was the result for the old >«*: ^ leaves the group free. 
Dixons in'the same period last 10 as. i«nal . on. the 

year. The underiying pro& manufacturing side. ** 
increase was more than 40 per At ,* 34 P tiie shares are 
ggfjj .attractive on a twO-year view. 

Now business group 
rejects tax cuts 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

- A call for increased spending • Renovation and renewal of 
on the infrastructure lower housing in urban areas, . , ; 
national insurance contributions O' Road and rail modernization 1 
has been made by the Assod- and Improvements, 
ation of Rritish Chambers of • Renovation of water sapply 
Commerce in its Budget sub- and sewerage systems. 

mission to the Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson. 

Clearance of derelict land. 1 
A side-effect , of this, says the 

The ABCC, like the Confed- association, wonld ' be "*> re- | 
nation of British Industry, d action in unemploymerit of 
' rejects the idea of cuts in the abiont 100,000. . 

standard rate of income tax.. It It also urges the continuation 
! says: “A serio us l y , high .pro- of the Loan guarantee scheme, 

‘ portion of the released revenue doe to expire in April, and a 
•• would go into imports.’* . reduction; in the inter est p re- 

The association recommends mxum from.Slo 3 per. cent In 
lower employee national - in- addition, the association wants 
surance contributions by ex- the value-added-tax threshold to . 
tending the 5 per cent rate be raised to £50,000. 

further up the scale towards 
average ! earnings, and «n- 

Tfee Budget proposals , are 
accompanied by a strong protest 

ployers would also pay this about the level of interest rates 

. lower rate. • 

The association outlines a £l 

- . bm]on programme of improve- 

f • • meets including: 

by Mr Tommy Macpherson, 
chairman of the assodatipii'a 
economic and industrial com- 

holidaymakers finding it difficult 
to book the package they want for 


tion was suspended at 166p. spring and early summer. The 
Talks are on which could lead shares of Horizon Travel rose 6p 

their -recent to a merger with Plantation & to 


Chancery Securities 25p Ord (63») AS 

Chan FduDxs Lyncfe 5p CM fife) St 

Chriu-yml Sirccis Sp Old f 12£JJ 121-7 

China &. Easm IirvHXQS f71p> 63 

Cnntwkk Mill lOp Ord (9Si) H 

Cnms 3p Old (74al 76-2 

DatcneUp Ord (128a) 133 

Ctnnaii See Inv £1 Ord (100) 50p N 53+3 

Gnn\1rSarik* I0o Onl (56a) 60 

JSPuhoJocy I0p0d(!60i) 256-2 

Jjcocs Vtst iBjjOnl f]20al 121 

Lcucoa lac $0.01 ConSifc(llS) 113+3 

Moivak Moore Sp Ord (1 15) 124 

Monks & Dane I Op Ord (a) 22 

Nonnk System ip Ord (90a) 93 

SAClDKnuDonallOp Old (100a) US 

5PP 1 Op Ord (125) 151 

Sipoexlm IQpOrI(IOIb) 93 

Slmiot PuhBddnt 3p Ord (57a) 73+) 

SitBia fijw (100) 98 

Technical Component 25p Old (130a) 230+7 

Uitht* tones 

Chejnrim (1001 Nil Pd 25 prera 

G<*1 Pcireieuni (32) Nil Pd 22 prero 

Hob Robinson C40] Nil Pd 31 pran+3 

Tmfa f70j NO Pd 10 prera- ] 

II ingroup |S2) N3 M 36 prera- 1 

tone prise is parentheses, a Unlisted Sccwitta. 
■by tender. 

Boeing attacks Airbus 

. ■;! From Eflvrart Townsend, Seattle ; . 

- * Boeing, the airframe nfanu- director for international busi- 
rtt , ‘ facturcr, is presring the United " ness and government ■ affair s. 

States Government- to rake took the opi»rtunit>F of an 
action under the GeaeraL mteroational gathering . of 
Agreement on Tarifis and Trade journalists' here for the unvcil- 
’.j^to compel European govern- jug of a new 767 jet, to launch a 
■*’ ments, including Britain, to end scathing attack :«r Jhe way 

; “subadies” to the Airbus Airbus is fiinded and the way it 
Industrie airliner consortium. competes for airline orders. 

- ‘/ The move marks a consider-- He allied toat on the basis 
• . able hardening of the American of Boeing s own costs. Airbus- 

company’s attitude to Ahbus, which A?»0 

. '■ whic^ claims is never Ukdy to 

- •'make profitwa eBfct is trading r was at least SlObflhon m debt. 

tmfair^mdis propped up by IplOycars 
' its partnm’-govcrnments, - risen lo nearly S20biflion, he 

• Mr Thomas Bacher.BoeingV said. . 

ellcome is an unmistakeably 

intemationaJ pharmaceutical 

company.. . 

. The group has subsidiaries and A brief summaiy of a few aspects of the 
operating companies in .twenty eight companys international orientation 
countries, and all live continents.' forms the main part ol this advertisement. 

sales last yeai\ ■ ; . : ' • 

Wellcome s products ;■ ^ 

are sold in over 1 20 / " ■■ 

'countries on earth. ' ' 

employees) nearly two thirds work WELLCOME'S US OFFICES ARE 

iutsiduth. United Kmii)ooi. a*. . 

And in the year ended 
.3 1st August 1985, just under 
90 per cent of sales £29 

were to overseas 

Of all the worlds major 
markets, the USA is now 
Wellcome s most important 
- and indeed Sir Henry and 
his founding partner, Silas 
Burroughs, were bom there. 

Wellcome s overseas interests 
include not only sales and 

marketing operations, but also, 
the USA, large-scale 
manuEcteturing and research 

In developed and 
sophisticated markets, 
vigorous marketing skills 
are essential in building 
successful ethical and, in 
particular, ‘over-the-counter’ 

It s therefore significant 
that in the USA, Wellcome s 
Actifed® and Sudafed® brands are the 
market leaders in over-the-counter’ 
cough and cold treatments. 

Overseas experience provides an 
invaluable opportunity for the cross- 
A brief summaiy of a few aspects of the fertilisation of ideas. The lessons 
companys international orientation learned in the marketing of Actifed* in 
forms the main part of this advertisement, the USA, for example, were helpful in 
' ,'-u - - jfcto die marketing effort in this 


; . ~ [WCSj wBjjMB ff r 1 , LJ J An international 

■iBP^j|jWM | S iH - ' perspective, in which the 

world is seen as the market- 
place has been from early 

WELLCOME’S US OFFICES ARE days, and remains today, a key support 
BASED IN NORTH CAROLINA, AND. .. of Wellcome s business. 



OPERATION. IN THE LAST To find out more about Wellcome, 

FINANCIAL YEAR, THE GROUP S please use the coupon below to request a 


WELLCOME'S TURNOVER- 'Trademark ol Wellcome 

Wellcome products are in 







demonstrates the 



The company's Co-founder, I 

Sir Henry Wellcome, sought 1 

international opportunities from the } 
start. .The first overseas branch, in | 
-Australia, was opened in 1886, six | 
years after the founding of the j 

business; and by 1912 there:^ were . j 

‘associated houses* in a further seven 
overseas markets. 

To: The Corporate Finance Department, 


8 Crosby Square, London EC3A 6AN 




This icfvertirament is placed on behalf of The Welcome Trust and Welcome by Robert Fleming & Co. Limited, 

■ S.G. Warburg &Co^Lti.and Baring Brothers* Co., Limited. . .. 

it w intended that part of the eqiity of Wellcome will shortly be offered to the public. 
TJ™.adverti«men| does not constitute an offer of shares in .Wellcome, which tvill be, made. only on the terms of. and on the 

basis of information contained in the forthcoming Prospectus- 


Please send me a 
copy of Wellcome ’s 

Distillers’ shareholders have recently 
been bombarded witn opinions from James 
Gulliver, chairman of the Argyll Group 
of Companies. 

He claims that Distillers suffers from 
“an inbred management culture.” 

Its problems, he argues, “can only be 
cured by a change of control and the intro- 
duction of new, vigorous management;’ 

The fret is, his opinions are two years 
out of date. In 1983, John Connell was 
appointed chairman of Distillers. 

He brought with him an entirely new 
management philosophy. And set about 
revitalising the company. 



The management committee that had 
run Distillers for decades has been abolished. 

The main business areas are now the 
responsibility of individuals. 

The management of famous brands 
like Johnnie 

Walker; Dewar’s M 1 

and Gordon’s is ¥ 3 ^^ 
also in the hands Sa h 

of individuals, k TH B H 


Accordingly, decision-making jb 
is more efficient and the response to H I 
world market changes is fester. It 

Needless to say, Distillers’ new Hap* 

style of management has necessi- " 
tated the recruitment of new and highly- 
motivated personnel. 

Argyll make much of the marketing 
staff they have recruited from among 
Britain’s top companies. 

We too have employed able people 
from successful companies like Unilever 
and Beechams. 

But, more importantly, we have also 
recruited young and talented marketing 
executives from within the drinks industiy 

In our 1985 Report and Accounts we 
said we were considering a share option 
scheme. It is designed to motivate our key 
people and ensure their commitment to 

We intend, after the offer to put this to 
our shareholders for their approval 


Argyll believe that the performance of 
Distillers in the home market has been less 
t han impressive. 

In the circular announcing their offer 
they quote sales figures from as far back as the 
early 1960’s to bolster their argument. 

The frets are these: 

In April 1984, a Distillers Home Trade 

Division was established to promote better 
the marketing of our Scotch whiskies. It will 
soon be integrated with our white spirits 

Decline has now become growth. 

In the first six months of this financial 
year sales ofjohnnie Walker Red Label rose 
by 37%.* 

Cardhu Single Malt was up by 51%.* 
And Gordon’s Gin continued to dominate 
with around 50% of the gin market 

Argyll also argue that Distillers have 
neglected the vital area of new product 

In fret a New Products department 
was established in 1984. 

Currently, there are more than fifty 
new concepts under examination. 

management team has been to protect value 

worldwide, thereby guaranteeingthehighest 

return to shareholders. 

Thus Distillers’ de-luxe brands 
armnnt for just 20% of Scotch whisky 
volume, but 43% of profits. 

Distillers’ exports of Scotch whisky to 
the US., the largest drinks market in the 
world, are worth more than those of all its 




This time, Mr C 
ir as the 1970’s in h 

Thus far Argyll have had litde to say 
about improving Distillers’ production 

This could be because they recently 
sold their Loch Lomond distillery following 
“a policy decision to reduce investment in 
Scotch whisky production.” 

great strides in the area of cost efficiency. 
The new management team has 

continued to tackle 
the problem of 
excess stocks of 
maturing Scotch 

Distillers’ performance overseas. 

We believe that he has undervalued 
what has happened in the last two years, 
including the purchase ofan American distri- 
butor and bourbon producer for 250 million 

And the increase in advertising and 
marketing budgets of over 17% in the same 

In the all-important U.S. Market, 
Tanqueray is now the number one best- 
selling imported gin and Dewar’s is the 
number one Scotch whisky 

In the 12 months to September 1985, 
worldwide sales of Johnnie Walker Black 
Label increased by 26%. And in the vital duty- 
free spirits market, Distillers’ whiskies, gins, 
vodkas, cognacs and Pimm’s together now 
hold 23%. 

Gin and whisky bottling plants 
^ have been rationalised and modernised. 
f And between March 1984 and 

B September 1985, Scotch whisky 
blending and bottling costs were 
reduced by 19%. 



It is interesting to note that Argyll’s 
criticisms largely refer to volume share. 

This is no surprise since their own 
background is in discount retailing. 

But they really should be aware that 
theintemational drinks business is asmuchto 
do with value as volume. 

One of the main tasks of the new 

To listen to Argyff you wcnfidthmkthai 
success in the international drinks business 
can be achieved overnight 

In reality it is much to do with astute 
marketing and image building over a period 
of many years. 

The recent upturn in Distillers’ 
fortunes reported here is more than 
encouraging. Ifet the changes implemented 
since 1983 were intended for long-term 

The major benefits have still to be 

We will continue with the strategy of 
protecting and maintaining our famous 

Product innovation will continue ' 
through line extension and the introduction 
of new brands. 

Our experience in the drinks business 
will be coupled with a positive attitude^ 
towards acquisition. 

We believe Argyll have little to bring 
to our business. ■_ 

toour opinion, their bighly^earedoffer 

could easily throw Distillers into reverse- ; 

We urge you to reject the offer ' 


♦Source - DCL Home Trade Case Sides statistics comparing the same period in the previous yean Argyffs Ofer Documents. DCL Etefence Document AigyiTs Report and Accounts 1984/85. DistiDere’ sales statistics. J - 





It is only a matter of weeks until 
a new form of vehicle is 
launched for investing in some, 
of Britain’s best, largest and 
most expensive; property devel- 
opments. . 

Within months there could 
be a flood of such investment-' 
opportunities from the leading' 
banks, including the American . 
houses. Indeed, it is one of the 
largest American- conglomer- 
ates. Goldman Sachs, which is ' 
about to lead the way in 
bringing liquidity to an illiquid: 
property investment market - - 

Goldman Sachs’ is actively 
embarked on launching the sale - 
of securities in a large building. 
It is believed to be One of the 
new generation of City ... of 
London offices, arguably the 
most prime spot in the property 

The sale of securities means 
that a negotiable cLaim js made 
on an asset which can then be 
traded. In this case, part of a 
single building or the debt 
associated with that building . 
will be the security. . ' 

Goldman Sachs would not be -• 
drawn on the exact nature of its 
product, but did' confirm that it 
would not be unitization as', 
advocated by the Royal Insti- 
tution of Chartered Surveyors. 
Mr Peter Norris, of Goldman 
Sachs, said: “When we do. 
launch our new vehicle it will be . 
a real landmark.” i 

The pressure to increase 
liquidity in the ' investment 
market has arisen because large 
City office buildings and the 
plethora' of retail schemes' 
spread over Britain are too 
expensive for institutions to 
swallow at once. 

Schemes with a value of more 
than £50 million pose particular 
problems and it is that size of 
investment which is attractive 
to the securities market. 

Mr Norris said: “It is 
conventional wisdom for 
securities issues to be above £50 
million but the figpfe~can be 

* By .Judith Hnritley 

BR steps up campaign 
to sell surplus land 

smaller when looking a property 
because of. the homogeneity of 
the UK investment market.” 

Selling securities would seem 
the; mo^t obvious, route, for. the. 
American banks! They have a 
wealth of experience : in the 
field. . . • . . 

.'It was Goldman : Sachs, with 
. Salomon. • Brothers, and other . 
, merchant banks, - winch put 
. .together the safe .pf shares amt 
debentures in ihjt Rockefeller 
Centre in New yorit 

- However,' this is not necess- * 
arily the model for Britain. For 
one thing, the Rockefeller 
Centre is known ‘worldwide. For 
another, the real estate invest- 
ment trusts bsed as part of. the - 
sale offer hefty tax shelters not 
available in the Britain 

’The aim of thbse involved in 
bringing- liquidity to. the British 
investment market is' a success-' ’ 
ful product which . will be 
applicable to all.' top quality 
schemes, hot- just those in the 
City. A Rockefefler Cbntre-type 
sale, therefore, is sot suitable. 

Goldman Sachs is hot alone 
in being close to producing an 
investment vehicle. . Salomon 
Brothers is thought io be well 
down- the road, too, . 

The company has already 
developed securities' against - 
residential mortgages here and 
it would be only a short step to 
applying that technique - to 
comimnerrial property debt. . 

As Mr.. Michael Dix,- a 
member of .. Richard Ellis's 
Financial Service Unit, points 
out “The appetite for debt js 
active. Marketing proper t y debt 
is a . way to tap. into large capital 

Whatever form -' the . sale .of 
investments in «ir»glf buildings 
takes, there are some serious 
considerations to be' addressed. 
Me Paul. Rivlih, .of -County 
Bank, said: “The prizes will go 
to those sorting oat the tax 
problems and producing a 
vehicle which is sensitive to 
investor protection rules. : 


jt* . 

v €rJ( : • V<.- 

Anmdeil House Securities 
has sold its '5,100 sq ft 
development, Ashby HoudLi 
102 Kings Road, Reading, to 
the ' Scottish Widows Fund 
and Life Assurance Society 
at a yield of 5- per cent. The 
rent for Ashby Honse to be 
occupied by Sun Alliance is 
over £13 a sq ft. Sun Alliance 
also occupies the 40,000 sq ft 

building next door which was 
the first phase of the Arun- 
dell scheme. ‘ Scottish 
Widows also funded that 
phase of the development. 
Anmdeil was represented by 
Pearson Williams, and' 
Buckall and Ballard with 
Richard Ellis advising on 

# The British Rail Property 
Board is fighting a rearguard 
action to stare off government 
intervention in its programme of 
surplus hud sales. 

Laud registers were set up in 
1981 In an attempt to put on the 
market surplus land held by 
statutory bodies and local 
authorities. The move was a 
response to pressure from 
volume housebuilders for more 

- In the event, ranch of the land 
on the registers is not wanted by 
honsebuuders. British Rail in 
particular suffers from bal ing 
odd-shaped pieces in 

- un pmmkwig locations. 

But, to try to persuade the 
Government that it is doing its 
utmost to dispose of unwanted 
land on the registers, the BR 
property board is stepping np its 
sale- initiatives. Its sales target 
for the financial year to March, 
1986 is L.750 acres, and this 
target will be met. Between 
October, 1985 and March, 1986 
the board will have sold 1,105 

The target for the next 
financial year is 2,000 acres. In 
1981 the board sold nearly 90 
acres but the real escalation 
came in 1984 when 1,371 acres 
were sold. 

One of the most successful 
nays of selling even difficult 
sites from the registers is by 
auction. The board has realized 
£30 million at auction in the 15 
months to March 1985. 

The target for total sales from 

land registers a tikely to be £75 
million. But it remains to be 
seen whether the Department of 
the Environment is impressed. 

If not, it could force the board to 
sell sites at auction within 42 
days with no reserve price. 

0 Prudential Assurance and 
tiie National Deposit Friendly 
Society have sold Leicester 
House, on the corner of 
London's Leicester Square, to 
New Town Properties for £6.5 

Conway Relf Stanton acted 
for the Pruden tial, which held 
the bead lease at a fixed rent 
until 2036. Current income is 
£548,000 a year. Mellersh & 
Harding acted for the freeholder 
with Farebrothers advising New 
Town Properties. 

The 24,000 sq ft of offices are 
let to the British Electrical and 
Allied Manufacturers' 


The Prudential has also sold 
’ its freehold, 80.000-sq ft 
building at 72-86 Baker Street 
in London’s West End. The 
buyer is the tenant, Foote Cone 
& Bel ding, the advertising 
agency, which has paid £9.7 
million. Edward Charles & 
Partners and John D Wood 
acted for the agency. 

Both deals involve disposals 
from the Prudential's huge 
portfolio to owner occupiers 
already in jifti. Both office 
buildings are' secondary, not 
prime, space. 




The Sturgo Group is one of the largest independent under- 
writing agencies at Uovd's, acting as Members' Agenl tor 1.790 
Members of Lloyd's and managing sixteen syndicates in the 
marine, non-marine, aviation and motor markets. 


for the year to 30th September. 1983 





H.93p l<i.52p 


Copies of the Report and Accounts 
will be available from the Secretary 
after 4th February 19Sb 


V Devonshire Square, London EC2M 4YL 


F und joins Wembley team 

The AUied-Lyons Pension Fund 
has a 4 per cent take in . the 
consortium which wants- to 
develop Wembley Stadium, 
north London, one of football's 
famous venues. 

The consortium includes the 
Mounileigh Group, which plans 
to develop retailing on 30 acres 
of the Wembley site not used 
for sport, of associated leisure 
activities. AUied-Lyons has yet 
to decide if it will fund that’ 

potential development The 
consortium' believes it t cah.- 
transform Wembley financially 
in two years. 

AUied-Lyons stepped -in to. 
the Wembley deal ' after its 
controversial ownership had 
been settled. The consortium 
members bought the company 
with- a 10 per-cent stoke in 
Wembley v Stadium from the 
. receiver of Mr Abdul Shanyi’s 
Gomba Holdings. 




f v. , •• -• 

^ ^ 

“I . am . delighted, for the . eighth 
successive time, to be able to announce 
a significantly improved performance for 
Guinness PLC, 

Profits for the year ended 30th 
-September 1985 are a record £86.1m: an 
increase of 22% over the previous year. 

; : We’ve achieved this pardy thanks to 
even greater popularity of our most famous 
brand. The most distinctive beer there is. 

In the UK alone, sales of draught 
Guinness (supported by the Genius 
■ advertising campaign) increased at twice 
the rate of lager 

. ; But our growth has not just been 
achieved by ‘staying in the black! 

v WeVe also applied our management 
.skills to growing the company in four 
areas: International Beverages, . Conveni- 
ence Retailing, Health Care, and Publishing. 

And we’ve acquired several more 
famous brands, each having great potential 

Such as Bell’s, Cranks,. Gleneagles 
and Champneys. 



BelTs, with only a 5 weeks showing 
in the past year, contributed £1.9m profit 
In Retailing, Where we now have 

£70 -4m 


Pre-tax profit 1984 Pre-tax profit 1985 

over 1100 stores, weve increased profits 
from £5.5m to a very significant £13.8m. 


Our twin strategy of good manage- 
ment for financial performance today and 
rapid exploitation of growth opportunities 
for significant business tomorrow is good 
for shareholders. Earnings per stock unit 
have increased 21%, and the proposed 
net dividend is increased by 12% to a 
record 7.2p. 

Since September 1981, the com- 
pany’s shareprice has increased sixfold, and 
its market capitalisation tenfold. 

In short, Guinness PLC is a dynamic 
consumer products and services company, 
set for exciting future growth. 

I look forward to being able to report 
next year with even better figures.” 


1981 1982 1983 1984 .1985 


Guinness is good for shareholders 

financ e and industry 


Ansbacher & Com- rada Hess Corporation and deputy ^haw - man and chief 
P“y*_ Harry Sasson has managing director of Amerada executive. Mr Ronald Forrest 
joined as managing director in Hess. Anthony Midcare be- and Mr Alan Dnnrard join the 


Wight Collins Rutherford Scott 
(Holdings): Mr Tim Breene has 
been appointed deputy manag- 
ing director. 

Barclays Bank: Mr Nicholas 
Brittain is to be chief account- 

Amerada Hess MrWSH 
Laidlaw has been appointed 
senior vice-president of Ame- 

Hess and Amerada Hess Devel- 

Slripton Building Society. Mr 
Terry Adams has become chief 
executive and director. 

John Brown: Mr Nigel 
Anthony Watts has been ap- 
pointed company secretary. 

Alexander Stenhouse: Mr 
John B Devine becomes chair- 
man and Mr John D London 

Owing to the firm's continuing 
expansion, the whole of the Shipping 
Department (with the exception of the 
Commodities Section) and the Ship and 
Aircraft Finance Department are now at: 

61 St. Mary Axe, London EC3A BAA 
Telephone: No. 01-621 1144 
Telex: 9^9494 RBLAW G 
Fax: 01-929 1132 



Robertson joins the board as 
finance director. 

The Imtcc Group: Mr Har- 
ford Robb becomes a non- 
executive director. 

ARA Services: Mr Chris- 
topher Fenney .has been named . 
as personnel director. 

British Metallurgical Plant 
Constructors’ Association: Mr 
Trevor F Hammond becomes a 

G Maunsell & Partners: Mr 
David Maher has been ap- 
pointed a director. 

Drayton Controls: Mr Softer 
Reeve has become managing 

The British Hotels Res- 
taurants and Caterers Associ- 
ation: Mr Robin Lees has been 
appointed chief executive. 

Armitage & Norton: Mr 
Harvey Bell-Robera has be- 
come regional administration 
director for the south-east 

Mercantile House Holdings: 
Mr Richard Toomer has been 
appointed chair man of Marshall 
Woellwarth & Co and of 
Marshall (Sterling). Mr Sid 
Muller is to be chief executive 
of Marshall Woellwarth and Mr 
John Tee chief executive of 
Marshall (Sterling). Mr. Michael 
Warren becomes executive 
director responsible for the 
moneybroking group pl annin g. 

Plan for 
data link 

By Bill Johnstone, 
Technology Correspondent 

Sdcon, BPs’s computer 
services subsidiary may offer 
satellite data links to British 

The project is at an early 
stage but Sdcon is keen on 
capitalizing on the experience of 
its American subsidiary, Tel- 
com General Corporation, 
acquired last year. Tclcom 
provides what is described as “a 
family of satellite-based com- 
munications products for pri- 
vate network and public or 
shared network users.” 

It specializes in the equip- 
ment and expertise for what has 
become known as very small 
aperture terminals, small and 
lightweight antenna systems 
which are portable and easily 
installed. They provide a direct 
link between data processing 
equipment, such as terminals, 
printers and laser printers, 
located in a remote office to a 
central computer possibly 
hundreds of miles away. 

The antenna are erected in a 
prominent point on the com- 
pany’s premises in “line of 
sight" of the communication 
satellite used to transmit the 

Business price rise 
lags behind homes 

By Teresa Poole 

The growth inprices.paid for 
pubs, restaurants and shops last 
year failed to keep pacewith the 
strong rise in house prices, but 
those paid for hotels moved 
ahead fast. 

The average rise for busi- 
nesses worth up to £330,000 
was 5.6 per cent compared with 
9.3 per cent for the housing 
market, according to an analysis 
published yesterday by Christie 
& Co, the business sale agents. 

Hotels led the market, 
especially in London where 
supply could not meet demand. 
In EarFs Court, for instance, a 
middle range hotel fetched up to 
£20,000 a room, nearly 25 per 
cent more than in 1984. This 
year is expected to see prices 
“exceeding all records’". 

Pubs showed the slowest 
growth, even though this is the 
sector with the greatest demand. 
Once again in the London area 
prices were for more buoyant 
tiring by up to :a quarter, 
because of the small number of 
free houses for sale. Outside the 
South-east, reduced takings and 
the need for higher investment 
to provide food and famil y 
facilities have contributed to the 
slower growth in prices. 

The catering, sector saw 
record sales of restaurants and 

' Safes of Business 

Average prices* 
Hotels ■■ 
Inns, free houses 

1984 1965 

£144,000 £159,500 
2120,000 £ 122^0 
£79,500 £82,000 
~£62£Q0 . £6B#» 
£39,500 £105,000 

• 1984 1985 

2-3% 10.8% 

9.0% 1.8% 

21.0% 4.5% 

5.0% 5.6% 

95% 5.6% 





tore, fre e houses 

"For businesses up to £55,000, sold by 
Christie & Co. 

wine bars, but the increase in 
demand was partly met by jew 
properties, coming - on - the 
market so prices only moved in 

line with inflat ion . 

Retail businesses, including 
sub-post offices, newsagents, 
and general stores, saw a good 
demand from first-time pur- 
chasers many of whom were 
investing their . redundancy 

The biggest price gains this 
year are expected to be in hotels 
and private muring homes. 
Christie reported “staggering” 
growth in the market for 
nursing and rest homes, which 
it described as a “phenomenon 
of the Eighties" The average 
freehold price of a . nursing 
home rose from £168,000 to; 
£222,000 last year. . 

In the 10 years since Christie 
started its business index, the 
average growth in prices paid 
for businesses has out-per- 
formed both the retail price 
index and the house price 
index. Over the' decade,' catering 
has shown the strongest rise, 
followed by shops, piibs and 


• . : •V.iuv, * 

i ‘ 

S: tt/. 



, !’ .» 

- ‘ 

■■ ' 

\* .'V V 

•. «*•'. '»» * 


•• ■■■■■ 

- * •'•I 1 \ * 

t; '■ ■ 

Interim profits up 140% to £30.1m 

© Sales up 112% to £451.3 m 

• Earnings per share up 43% to 21.6p 
@ Interim dividend up 20% to 2.31p per share 

• 3 for 1 scrip issue proposed 



ABN Bank 12! 

Adam & Company 12! 

12 ! 

Citibank Savings t 12! 

Consolidated Crds 12' 

Continental Trust 12! 

Co-operative Bank 12! 

CHoart&Co 12! 

Lloyds Bank 12! 

Nat Westminster 12! 

Royal Bank Scotland ~ 12! 

TSB 12! 

Citibank NA 12! 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

the year to Sept. 29, with figures in 
£000,turDOver was 47,504 135.980), 

while the pretax profit was 2,389 
(2,017). Earnings per share were 
25.52p f22-5p)- A final dividend of 
32p (2.67p) is being paid on April S. 
making a total of 4.7p (4p). 

• HOWDEN GROUP: For the 
half-year to Oct 31, with figures in 
£000, turnover was 86.000 (91,000), 
while the pretax profit was 4,190 
(4.010). Earnings ppr share were 
4.3p (3.8p). An interim dividend or 
Q.9p (QL9p) is being patt on Apr3 30. 


year to Sept. 30. with - figures in 
£000, turnover was 8354 (5.716), 
while the pretax profit was 7,360 
(4,902). Paminy per shar e were 
I4.93p(10-52p). A final dividend of 
4p (2p) is being paid an March 6, 
making a total of 6p (2p). ■. . 


TRONICS: For the half-year to Sept 
30, with figures in £000. turnover 
was 8,039 (9330). while the pretax 
loss was 735 (profit 383).. Losses per- 
share were 5.6p (profit 2p]L No 
interim dividend (l.lp) is being 

atotalof7p(5.5p). . ' - - j. 

HOLDINGS: For the war to Sept * • 
30, with figures in £000, turnover " < 
was 12,442 (10,701). while the :V 
pretax profit was li64fr (2,9901. 
Earning per share were 12:7 (18pL 

A final dividend of 3.9p (1 jp) 
being paid on Feb 25, making* total . 
of 5.6p(I.3p). 

• BHP: Drilling starts next month- : 
at the epithermal gold areas found ar ; 
Do nn y b rook, Western Australia. . 

anr w rfew tn WcS CoSSt H ritfjnjw ■ 

one of B HP's joint- venmre partners. 


LESS): For the year io Sept 28, with ■■ 
figures in £000, ttunoverwai 16.564 “ 

(14.778), while the pretax profit- -• 
including VAT, was 804 (70). . , 

Earnings per share were 4.6p (4,6p). : - 

A second interim, dividend of jjpu !’ 
being paid for the period to March 

29 next 

• TheScaetary of State for Trade 

and Industry has decided not to 
refer the proposed merger of AAH 
Holdings and Grimwade Riddicy 
and Co (Ipswich) to the Monopolies 
and Metiers Commission. 


28 weeks to 9th November 1985 


Profit before Tax 

Eamings per share /SWK# 


4 Christmas trading has been excellent and 
shareholders can dearly antidpate further sub- 
stantial profit growth for the full year. 9 

Stanley Kalms, Chairman 

(extract from the interim statement) 

Interim Results 


31st October, 


6 months ended 

31st October 
' 1984 
£000 • 



56,058 +58% 

Profit befpre taxation 


873 +41% 




Extraorcfeiary iterrr *. 


Profit after taxation 


and Extraordinary item. 1,120 

506 : V 

Eamings per share 

. 1 ■- 


. 2.9p .+2Z% 



safsho miran 

Mr. B.J. Gibbens, Chairman, reports: 

CAI* exmtinues to grow profitably and in the first six •’» 
months of 1986/6 has won significant orders in-all sectors 
of the business. - - -• . 

-Incre^ed investment in techmcal resoiirces for our^" ^ 
people and madeet development for maj ornev? products 'i f ‘ 

'Will earn future profits for the Company 

CARLTOTI fbkmost 

MPRin? Hovfzon 

Dixons Group pic 18-24 High Street Edgware, Middlesex. 

233 Highlfolixjm, Lpndori'WOiV TDjiWephone: 01-8316144 ■ V.- 


January 16, 1986 

25 - 



By the end of 1986 there will be no excuse for anybody not saving energy 9 , says Peter Walker, Secretary of State 

„ ' 'F, . 

[ peaking in the appropri- 
lderheaica vast- 

S atdy nndedteated vast- 
ness of the National 
Exhibition Centre - in 

Birmingham Peter 

•Walker, the Energy Secretary, 
launched the campaign which 
he hopes will save the nation £7 
bUlion in fiid costs this year. 

Of course, bearing m mind 
. the enthusiastic approach that 
he is taking towards Energy 
Efficiency Year, “hopes", is 
probably the wrong word to 
apply. “Convinced” is probably 
more appropriate. - - : 

The Energy Secretary's 
commitment. to the oaergy-sav- 
ing campaign is. total. He has 
already used his own business 
' experience and that of running 
nationalized industries - and he 
has been in charge of every one 
of them, apart from the Post 
Office, at some point in his 
governmental .career...'- to 
persuade businesses that big 
savings can be made. . 

He has also brought in four of 
his old business contacts to 
help run the Monergy campaign 
and harnessed their expertise to 
provide new ideas and' take a. 
’ market-related approach id the 

Mr Walker said: “Monergy 
must succeed. There is no other 
sphere in the British economy 
where we have the opportunity 
of saving £7 billion a year. By 
the end of 1986 there will be no 
excuse for anybody not having 
contributed to improving the 
nation's energy efficiency per- 

“Wc have mobilized the 
electricity, gas, coal and oil 
industries, together with all 
those who create the equipment 
for improved energy efficiency 
to support our campaign. They 
-wiH be featuring Monergy in the 
millions of pounds of advertis- 
ing and promotional activity in 

... “Scotland will have available 
:o it aerial survey studies 

showing where the heat is being 
ipst. In Wales .the -.highly' 
successful, activities of . die 
Cardiff- energy action campaign 

will be, co miwrink^ifril to foca l 

authorities throughout ' the re- 
port. ■...'•; 

“In. England the opening .of-, 
an energy park in Milton 
Keynes with.50 different en- 
ergy-efficient houses /wiU focus 
attention on bow the home, can 
be made more energy-efficient. 
Northern Ireland is -launching 
an energy efficiency year in 
close . collaboration with our- 

The creation , of the. word 
“Monergy” has already been 
criticized by some members . of 
the House of Commons Energy 

Outside help is used 
to efimiuafe 
all wastesoorces 

Committee as - ; “slick”' and 
smacking “ofsmooth advertising 
jargon.” Such criticism is 
shrugged off by Mr Walker. He 
said: “We have created the 
word Mobcrgy-tb expose how a 
waste of money is a waste of 

Mr Walker even told the 
annual get-together of industry 
energy managers - a breed of 
executive which has- increased 
from 2,000 to more than 5,000 
since .Mir - Walker ’first 
relaunched; the energy-saving 
initiative when he moved to the 
Energy Department three years 
ago .- that he felt the word 
would soon enter the Oxford 
English Dictionary. 

The- use of outside advisers 
and advertising consultants, the 
Energy Secretary is quick to 
point out. does not belittle the 
work being . done Tyy the 
department's own. team in the - 

source of waste is identified and 
a - cure suggested. Every single 
household has. -now ; had a- 
pamphlet explaining how basic 
energy-saving measures around 
Th e home can be made. ■ . 

. Had the department financed 
such a costly operation from its 
own funds it - would have 
undoubtedly ' run into criticism- 
But by taking advertising in the 
pamphlet and using it to launch 
a major competition open to 
every household, the . exercise 
may-even make a profit. 

The Energy Secretary is 
determined that : though no 
comers will be cut to make the 
campaign a success - the hiring 
of an. airship to tour the country 
with the Monergy slogan em- 
blazoned on it. was an advertis- 
ing “first” for a government 
department - the camp ai g n will 
be as self-financing as possible. 

‘ .The extent of planning thaf 
has gone into the campaign is 
indicated by the eight illumi- 
nated display boards around the 
.country which lit up every 
second to show bow .. much 
money was being wasted on 
misuse of energy last year. 
Before', they, were switched on, 
the department chang ed the 
light bulbs beiagused to high- 
output low-consumption bulbs. 

Mr Walker started hls\ cam- 
paign ,by checking ? his own 
home and Ms own. department 
to see that fuel was not .-.being 
wasted. Among the thing s he 
found was that the department's 
hot-water boiler used to brew 
the traditional civil service cup 
of tea was being left on when 
the budding was either unoccu- 
pied or. a skeleton staff was on 
duty. •. 

He said: “We found a way of 
curing ' that waste without 
jeopardizing the traditional cup 
of tea. Mrs Thatcher rather 

\ David Young 

7$?\\ ; Energy Correspondent 

iifiCVr-.t* ’ 

Why born money? The Government promotes economies with leaflets, and. right, the independently-owned National 
• Industrial Fuel Efficiency Service’s monitoring van, which provides a useful on-the-spot indication of energy savings 

Tea and 
at the 

Breakfast with a Cabinet 
Minister, reads the invitation. 
In Ms own handwriting. 

The very thought stimulates 
and titillates the taste buds. 
Fresh, free-range eats from the 
minister's farm - we are 
assuming he's a minister with 
his own farm - smoked bacon, 
devilled kidneys, kippers sent 
south by a colleague from the 
minister's office which oversees 
the North Sea oil industry. 

Who could resist such an 
invitation? Few have, but the 
reality of breakfast with a 
cabinet minister for most of the 
country's leading business 
executives has been different. 

Tea, brewed in a large urn; 
coffee strong, very dark and 
rather like that served ’in the 
company canteen. Occasionally 
a pastry, but more often toast 
and butter and marmalade 
served in the plastic containers 
which make their own contri- 
bution to energy inefficiency In 
the shape of the waste they 

Nevertheless, most of Bri- 
tain's managers will have now 
responded to the Energy Sec- 
retary, Peter Walker’s invi- 
tation to have breakfast with 
him while he, or one of his 
ministerial colleagues, explains 
to them how they can save their 
companies and the country £7 
billion a year by trimming their 
fuel bills. 

Mr Walker first developed 
the idea of his breakfast 
meeting when he was in the 
industry ministry. Businessmen 
always had an excuse when 
summoned to ministry for a 
meeting in the morning or the 
afternoon, but if the minister 
invited them to discuss an issue 
over breakfast they could hardly 
plead a prior appointment. 

By writing personally to every 
senior executive in every county 
in Britain, Mr Walker made 
sure that his message would get 
across. With the meetings timed 
for eight or eight-thirty, they 
could hear the message, then 
return to (heir offices and 
factories ready to implement 
what they had heard. 

The breakfast specials have 
now been held in almost every 

Continued on next page 


- «i 

, • ..v*. ■ 


Efficiency built-in 
at all-electric superstore 

In many situations, 
iently used is the mosr cost-enecnvc 
way to meet the energy needs of British 
business. Furthermore, the substitution 
of dedining resources of oil and gas by 
making use of the more abundant sup- 
plies ofooal and nuclear Ibelsis mherennn 

Sudi commercial realism is die key- 
note of the industry’s strategy fixmarket- 
ing its product . 

It has. identified numerous' oppor- 
tunities for businesses to. save money 
and benefit in other ways by using 

rivity, lc 


-r*? V 1 

•ip m l ■ 

':7.' ;*AY;.*.v ■ ; X<, V 

Heal pump* produce on'i 

. 1: Jt • )'* - .X • V--"" 

conservation policy, provided the 
.outwei^i TiK costs - and they 
A frequehtiv do via'the ekcdkal route. 



beta burvray tjodiowhcrtvaierg? can! 

. Diredi^y MaSeetn^' at. ibe -. Electricity 
* f..\4 C^ mri F“ We encoura^j^a|y efficient. 

.STS?;- - ^-gating more for your 
dons we make." 

-. Two coaa factors are cennal to the 
equation 'that proves electricity's cost- 
effectiveness in many commercial appli- 
cations: • 

_■ :- Rs t, a dinirp of tariffs that can-mean 
big savings especially for users of fow- 
" ce^m-cite deanaty. - 

Secondly, technkai advances riiai 

have made possible systems and devices 

that are more energy-cffiaen^ coupled 
wiiH sophisticated methods to control the 
amoum of electikiEy aouaDj’ usal 

A judici ous selection of the right tariff. 

coupled with-the controllability, adapta- 
bility and high efficiency of electricity, can 
often make it a more attractive propcsi non 
titan other forms of ehetgy. There are also 
other benefits such as improved produc- 
f, lower maintenance and improved 
king conditions. 

Heat pumps, heat exchangers, night 
storage heaters, more efficient fighting 
instantaneous water heaters and auto- 
matic control systems are some of the 
main ways in which commercial users are 
• taking advantage of technical advances to 
cut their overall energy costs. 

For instance, the versatile heat pump, 
which produces on average times 
more energy than it consumes, can be 
used for space heating and cooling water 
heating and air dehumidifitarion. 

The Tesco superstore at West 
Thurrock, Essex, is one of the newest 
examples of. an all-electric building that 
is saving its owners thousands of pounds 
annually through" heat recovery via 
heat pumps ana other, energy-efficient 
systems. " 

" The latest slimline storage heaters 
frequently offer the businessman a cost- 
effearve heating system. They have an 
iron oxide core giving nearly 70 per cent 
greater heat capacity than earlier, models. 
Automatic controls that compensate for 
changing weather conditions, coupled 
with damper control, can cut consump- 
tion considerably. . 

Elearidty can also.bting substantial 
savings when used in conjunction with 
fyd-fned -systems, for example, for sum- 
pier water, heating when conventional 
boilers ogenaie anew loadings apd effic- 
iencies;- ■; . ' . . 

for itiany businesses in!9S6, switch- 
ing to deanrity could be the way to cut 
cost&andimprove conditions for staff and. 

Tcsco's aD -electric superstore at Lake- 
side, West Thurrock, will save thousands 
of pounds a year through eneigy-saving 
features built into the store when it was 

The biggest saving projected to be up 
to £10.000 a year compared with costs at 

• ""6\- . • v, > • 

"• '»• : : - V./-/- : p 

• • . • ' ; • -V- V - \’A rYX 

■> t ■ \ - ^ I'.VVY , -i 

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minimise operating costs. 

The West Thurrock store's building 
services management system is super- 
vised bv a central processing unit at 
Tesco’s head office, Cheshunt, with which 
it is connected via leased telephone lines. 
The system controls and monitors a 

Tesco's superstore at West Thurrock saves thousands of pounds 
a year through heal recover) and other aD- electric features. 

other Tesco stores of equivalenr size, 
comes from a water-to-water heat pump. 
This machine, the only one of its type in a 
retail store in Britain, recovers the heat 
extracted from refrigerated food displays 
and cold rooms and uses it to warm ancil- 
lary areas and provide hot water. 

Numerous other energy-saving fea- 
tures, including an automatic budding 
services management system, are cutting 
costs by a funner £5.000 a year, making it 
a model of energy-efficiency for Energy 
Efficiency Year. 

Impressive efficiency 

Heating and cooling of 6400 square 
mctrespf»les areamtfe West Thurrock 
store Is "provided by six rooftop air-to-air 
packaged beat pumps. This is a tried and 
toted system forTcsco as nearly 200 heat 
pumps nave been installed at theirstores - 
all of them controlled automatically to 

number of vital functions such as beating 
lighting ventilation and cooling, and 
ensures that the store gets die maximum 
benefit from the power consumed. 

Ughtingcostsare rcducedby the use of 
energy efficient fluorescent tubes with a 
highlight ouyui - double ihdtofnibcsofa 

similar type available on!)' a few years ago. 
Ughting is automatically switched on and 
off or reduced in non-trading hours from 
head office. 

At customer entrances and exits, a 
combination oflobbics. air curtain heaters 
and automatic doors helps to form an ‘air- 
lock’ to keep out cold air (or hot air in die 

Even simple devices to cut the loss of 
cold air from meat chillers and freezers 
help to keep energy costs down. 

An innovation is the use of micropro- 
cessor-controlled compressor packs of 
differing outputs for refrigeration plant, 
enabling compressor output to more 
accurately matai the actual load 

Tesco's long-term interest in energy 
conservation may also benefit oilier retail- 
ers, In February T9S5 it was awarded a 
£90,000 Government grant for a two- 
v ear project that could help save millions 
of pounds a year m heating and lightm" 
costs. Ten Tesco stores have been fined 
with monitoring meters to provide day- 
to-day infonnation on energy consump- 
tion that could mean much more accurate 
control over electricity and gas costs. 

Energy -efficiency measures at Tesco 
stores throughout Britain are estimated to 
lie saving £2 million a year. The group’s 
total energy bill in the last financial year 
was alviiu £20 million. 

With their low energy costs. Tesco are 
creating a powerful case for more energy 
efficient aB-electric solutions to energy 
needs in the retail trade. 

Please send me further information on die efficient use of energy in business. 





Please send die coupon to: Electricity Publications. PO Box 2, Central Way, 
FeUham. Middlesex TW14 0TG. 

■ Hip Elccmaty Coined. England and Holes. 

± .S= 3.,-ss at 

Cl MS 



W ake up to a better Britain 

Fr om previous page *.» Mr Walker's breakfast invi- agers have been appointed since 

M J tadon, but the excuse has had to Peter Walker began his cam- 

0 li“ e “““try and the good. Porsche Great Britain pnign two years ago. 

ZZ*L ™ e Department of En- wa * * We to offer soch an excuse. • 

«w*s En«»r Efficiency Office Th * executive invited was too --5SF™** that tme more than 
5® We foDow-np iheetims ****1 "Oridng on the company’s *P executives attended 

«w rear. The massage must be aew energy efficient head- hreaWast speoal seminars and 
•a-emphasizedL m. Walker quarters budding outside Rend- membership of energy manage- 
and the lessons and “S- ment S™ 11 ® 8 **» 8™"“ *»y 70 

^chnlque* learned passed on. The Porsche GB budding is P? This is nothing short 
u probably in line for most rf * revolution in management 

f - 7 ** areas of industry and available energy saving awards, toward energy 

ESP*"* have been more incorporating, as it does, energy epaency and one on which we 
253® Kroond for the eneivv efficiency techniques from the 2™. m Energy 


in using their and load-bearing glass as used new-style ‘Monergy breakfast’ 

SSnSSlf* £♦ *“* 01 *** seminars. TbeWpresentation 

hut the retail roof of the budding. will promote detailed technical 

mnc* il?5-® een Quids to learn; Another result of the break- know-how to help industry 
nni** r* d ™f_ stor e® groups can fast meeting is that more than tackle practical problems. They 
Hvinr to savings. Tesco goes as 50 per cent of British companies will include videos and on-stage 
w as to sponsor H»n nnc *«,Ho»«^f 



>: c* £Vil' , 

companies will indnde videos and on-stage 

demonstrations of 

the latest energy 
efficiency equip- 
ment, interviews 
with iw»«ijiig indus- 
trial commer- 
cial figures who 
can explain the 
benefits of those 
rsche’s new HQ technologies from 
personal experi- 
d energy ence; and at each venue there 
went de- wOI be an exhibition where 
tort of a farther detailed advice will be 

H . .. ' 

■ - ^r... - 

. ..,44 

S : • :*i r $ * 

: ST" 

How the Barbican 
got lit up and 
1 saved a fortune 

awards for enrngy - ” 

savings among 

local anthorities- 

The banks, too, 
have been quick to 
Jwiu One of the 
big five, insisting 

thkt every branch 

stole* *for ^g~ Glasshouse efficiency: Porsche’s new HQ technologies from 

{?!* hffls fo his or her branch, have now appointed energy ence; and at each vemNMthere 
tM ?? 5 achieifable managers, a development de- will be an exhibition where 
rMnctiona. The elecXnaty and scribed as “little short of a farther detailed advice wfll be 
gw industries are also playing revolution” by the department immediately to hand, 
men- part by sponsoring awards David Hunt the minister 

‘"the efficient use of their responsible for coal who has Also for the first time there 
products and by trimming their been working the "*11 ** a ”ew competition, open 

own heating bills. The most Energy Secretary on the to ever 7 energy management 
energy efficient building in a efficiency campaign, said: 8TOup in the country that has 
rocent competition ran by the “Positive proof that the energy 4Bade *h e biggest contribution to 

Royal Institute of British campaign message is setting ener Ky effidraicy .” This new „ 

Architects showed how to make across to at competition wfll be sponsored EGGED ON: Peter Walker boils an < 

the best use of electricity. executive and boardroom level is ^ British Gas. at the inauguration of the Yorkshire 

Some companies hare refused that thousands of energy man- DY 

■fri r •. 


at the inauguration of the Yorkshire 

I on an energy-efficient halogen cooker hob in 
ectridty Board’s campaign to promote better 


Bowaters operate one of Europe's largest . 
papermaking sites in Kent, with a capacity 
approaching 500,000 tonnes each year* In the 
process, the Company consumes around 
280,000 tonnes of coal per annum* 

The mills produce a portfolio of papers, y 
ranging from quality gloss coated grades 
through computer and business needs, 
to towelling and packaging* 

Whilst mainly serving the UK market 
there are significant exports and the / 
Company feces competition in both areas. 

In addition to the essential marketing 
tools, good cost control is vital. 

Coal is burnt in water tube boilers, 
producing steam for electricity 
generation and papermaking heat, 
particularly drying rollers* The 

steam satisfies all of the mills heat i 

requirements and about 50% of JHE&iiL,.' 
the power needs* 

For the papermaker, energy ^ 
costs are of prime concern. 

Bowaters have found, like 
many other companies, that 
coal is the most economic 
source of energy. . 

source of energy 
British coal costs 
less than other fuels. / : { ; 

And the NCB intends j ; , =i 
to make sure coal ■ . 

prices remain Jj 


British coal leads the world in combustion 
technology, and methods of coal and ash handling. 

To maintain coal supplies there is a nationwide network 
of distributors who are strategically situated to give 
advice and provide an efficient serviceto industry* 
Real help with conversion costs 

The government's confidence in the coal 
industry is demonstrated by the extension of the 
coal firing grant scheme until atleast 
June 1987. The current limit of 
£75 million on total grants has 
been lifted. This scheme,^ with the , 
backing of European loans, creates 
a really attractive financial package* 
A final word from Malcolm 
Edwards, Commercial Director 
of NCB: 4r We intend to keep 
British coal competitive and 
by reducing our costs retain 
attractive differentials. This 
is good news for all our 
customers. Let us talk - 
we can do business 
V together." 

m & 

While almost every company 
director most by now know this 
is Energy Efficiency Year - 
Lhoso that claim they don’t will 
[soon be in tbe Department of 
[Energy's sights - it is remark- 
able that tower than two per 

csent Of tna iwg in g InH finanraul 

directors who recently took pm 
in a -survey actually knew tbe 
-size of their company's annual 
fuelUlL ' 

The survey was conducted by 
Emstar, the contract energy 
management company, set up 
last year by ShelL In the South 
of England, 200 companies were 
involved in the survey. 

Richard Tinson, Emstar’s 
m an aging director, sai± “The 
survey demonstrated the low 
priority given by most senior 
management in the UK to the 
whole question of energy 
efficiency. A staggering £7 
billion a year could be saved in 
Britain through property struc- 
tured and implemented energy 
manag gpiMit prog rammes- ” 

By adopting such pro- 
grammes Shell cut its own 
energy bills by 30 per cent, and 
formed the company to pass on 
the lessons learned on the basis 
of customers paying for the 
f service out of the savings made. 

The lade of an appreciation of 
1186 OI the size of savings and the ease 
by which they can be made by 
using modem energy manage- 
ment systems is something 
which the Department of 
Energy has been struggling 
against But there are dear signs 
that the breakthrough has been 

Emstar itself has won con- 
tracts worth £25 million since 
the Energy Secretary inaugur- 
ated the company over a year 
ago and is dose to announcing a 
major contract. 

Industrial companies such as 
Expanded Metal, in Hartlepool, 
and F. Miller, the Glasgow 
textiles group, tailed in Emstar 
and have benefited from 
£370,000 of investment in 
energy saving hardware and 
expertise with the cost met from 
their fuel saving. 

The health-care sector special 
treatment centres, such as 
Corseford School, in Scotland, 
Lingfield Hospital School, in 
Surrey, and St Christopher's 
Hospice, in London, benefit 
from the Emstar Guaranteed 
Savings scheme. Residential 
and commercial property own- 
ers are also using it, and in the 
educational sector, energy 
management equipment and 
controls and techniques are 
extremely beneficial. 

As in most areas, the main 
competitor far the Shell com- 
pany comes from its arch-rival 
BP, which has also set up an 
energy management specialist 

The common factor In these 
energy management savings 
schemes - and the one which 
makes it hard for the laymen to 
! understand why all companies 
don’t adopt them - is Unit the 
fees for management and the 
cost of sophisticated hardware 
is met entirely from the fuel bill 
savings. No savings: no cost 
The easiest way of savings is 
of coarse, to switch something 

off— but is hardly the most 
efficient way of using energy. 
Getting the same amount of 
work from fewer units is for 
more sensible, and among, the 
easiest ways of doing that it to 
replace older equipment such as 
lighting with the new types 
developed by people like Philips 
and Thom, which give out the 
same amount of light for less 
electricity and also last con- 
siderably longer. 

Tbe lights in the Barbican 
Centre in London have been 
replaced by Philips bulbs and 
have saved over £25,000 in the 
first full year of operation. 

Mike Goodwin, divisional 
director of Philips Lighting, 
said: “The employment of 
modern li ghting equipment 
encompassing the use of the 
las test lamp technology could 
significantly contribute to re- 
ducing the country's £7 billion 
energy watse problem. 

“The problem that lighting 
manufacturers face is that 
conventional li ghting , which 
h a s hi ghw running and main- 
tenance costs, is often cheaper 
to purchase than new lighting 
technology, which produces 
much greater energy savings.” 

The most efficient way to use 
energy, however, is to make 
sure that the price paid for it is 
as low as possible. The gas and 
electricity boards offer a pleth- 
ora of tariffs rates, often 

Richard Tinson: Emstar’s 
managing director 

depending on company size, the 
type of industrial process used, 
as well as geographic consider- 

By making sure that you are 
not paying more than you 
absolutely need too is not as 
simple as it sounds. The access 
to detailed comparitive tariff 
rates is needed to argue the case 

National Utility Service, tbe 
European subsidiary of a 
company orginally started in 
New York to advise the tenants 
of the newly opened Empire 
State Building on how to 
negotiate their electricity con- 
tracts, can offer considerable 
savings to industrial users, 
again on a no-cost savings. It 
charges its fee as a proportion of 
tbe money saved. 

By calling on its massive data 
bank of industrial users past 
experiences, tbe service can 
ensure that its customers are 
paying no more than is 
absolutel necessary for their gas 
and electricity. 


When conservation 
can make more jobs 

The Association for the Conser- 
vation of Energy, the country’s 
only high profile pressure group 
on the subject, has calculated 
that up to 155,000 new jobs 
could be created by a £24.5 
billion, 10-ycar investment 

Pi ugiBlUillfti 

The group, which not surpris- 
ingly comprises most of the big 
names in the energy conser- 
vation industry, says that 
following an independently 
researched investigation of the 
employment generation poten- 
tial the increased level of 
activity would lead to annual 
energy cost savings of £218 
billion a year at 1982 prices. 
This would be tbe equivalent of 
46 million tons of com. 

Unfortunately for the associ- 
ation's ideas, they need substan- 
tial state backing at a time when 
selfhelp and free market forces 
remain the watchwords of the 

The association states: “De- 
spite the very attractive rates of 
return the low priority given by 
householders and industry to 
energy conservation investment 
in the past suggests that 
government support in the form 
of pump-priming would be 
required. However, even at 75 
per cent of capital costs, this 
would still produce a cost per 
job substantially below that, of 
the Government's existing re- 
gional policy.” 

Tbe association, formed in 
1981, is bitter about the way 
shifts in government policy 
have upset the market and the 
industry. Andrew Warren, its 
director, stresses that much of 
the capital investment made by 
the industry to increase capacity 
was at a time when energy 
conservation was popular wnh 
die Government. Bui with cuts 

«Hm, ill Clinh H hnina 

i n sula t ion grants, even some of 
the most efficient plant is 
under- utilized. 

The association’s 26 mem- 
bers are particularly angry by 
what Mr Warren ebnmg T«= a 20 
percent cut in the English home 
insulation scheme. “So substan- 

tial a reduction in the only form 
of direct financial assistance 
available to all householders is 
extremely damaging and can in 
no way assist in the Govern- 
ment’s laudable objective of 
m a kin g Britain the most energy 
efficient nation in Europe 
within the life time of thi s 
Parliament,” he says. 

Mr Warren calculate that the 
overall budget for the scheme 
has been cut from £28 million 
in 1985-86 to £23.5 million next 
year, a fell of £4.5 million while 
m Wales the budget has been 
cut from £2.8 million to £2 5 
million. This, he says, could 
mean that up to 60,000 eligible 
bouse holds win be able to 
cl a i m assistance during 1986- 

The association, which has 
coined the phrase “the fifth 
fuel” for conserved en e rgy, 
regards itself as a political 
pressure group just els much as 
an industrial grouping. 

“The industry had reached its 
nadir in 1981 and not one 
minister was in the slightest bit 
interested in energy conser- 
vation at that time. We wanted 
xo make certain that the issue 
would be addressed politically ” 
says Mr Warren. 

Peter Walker, has begun to 
appreciate that energy conser- 
vation has “political mileage” 
according to Mr Warren. Enenrv 
Efficiency Year should provide 
a useful public relations boost 
to the association's efforts “but 
it is important that we turn it 

-HFS “ opportunity 
to grab quack hea dline and ^ 

must address ourselves to the 
removal of those major market- 
place barriers”. 

There remains the problem of 
*^ iere 18 a lot going on 
m the energy conservation field 

enthusiasts. For many p2o ple 
energy conservation isitm 
GTJOZ"* ltW ? Priority and it 
9 JP people that we must 

deliver the message," be says. 

Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 




LIGHT ON PQVVEfc Gpiij’juii dkma l ajnj cbfoin*- rendering properties Me' essett M 'fiy fehht med ln hi gKHg fit retail 
goo^si Energy arasaniptkHiis also a cnid^ fectnr, aBd:the sho^ herc operate'' ' ‘ “ 

filament lvnps. With w estimated 5,0004i6iv^pw cxuqntcd ti> t&ci 1,000-hourav 
. ..-• v. : lamp is the Icind-of osfesaver favonrfed fay the Baetgy. 

six tines, the efficiency of 
fife of t&ft fihuhfllt laifip jt, the PL 

;<3ttdunwagn^ ; f. ./.- ' 

Ideal. Standard, one of Europe’s, crgy. cost savings of more than faivestmcnt .;Qf. : £2,300,000,' Cbmainers won .at* award for 
le ading sanitaryware • manufac- £700,000 . ajid . saved, energy, giving ah average pay back of .14- '.-cutting energy .costs, by 80; per 
Hirers, has just won acclaim. amounting. -to.3,-500- tonnes oil- months.' -The national finals of cent a year by replacing, gas 
with ' a phenomenal energy equivalents - ^ . ihe-Pep -competition will- take firing with .immersed electrode, 

saving project. Last year, the 
Cheshire-based company in- 
stalled anew kiln which uses 56 
per - cent less >.fuel than its 
predecessor, while process .and 
space “'heating energyconsiamp- 
tioii ai the plant has been cut by 

1 deaFs old: tunnel kilns were 
fuelled by a butane-ait mixture 
and the drying and other beat- 
ing systems by steam-heated 
batteries. AH ' of this . was 
replaced by - a~ natural ~ gas 
system. - 

The real test , of ...such- a 
program me - thc anmunf of the 
subsequent* vtebsi ' reduction - 

the. glass-making 

The beginnin&ofthe energy-, place iuLoncfonon January 29. / systems' in .tl 
ving. concept’s*, impingement _r ..c'l n^l- Oorehearms. ~ - 

* ■ British Gas maintains that 
regkrtial. wi nners fro meaeff end - mitor c^' t* Won bv 

ofxhe country show whtfl «n be -■ • 

achieved, tn'PutQey, 

saving, concepts*, impin 
on the consdousness ■ of busi- 
ness, leaders - was-inJ 984 when 
Peter Walker.- the Energy 
Secretary, warned industrialists 
of the -.dangers of. ignoring the 
savings thgt could; be: achieved 
by better eirtergy management. • 

■ Conservation was, -no longer a 
word being 'used by the-, new 
energy, efficiency, office - now- 
the theme, was . the . extra 
competitiveness ihatcquld be 
won by savihg.mohiey. on eneigy 
thereby .increasing' profits, in- 
vestmepiand job potential. . 
The -message was simple - if 


I ndustries _ Aerospace and de- 
fence. . systems^ installed' an 
electric vacaunm- furnace “-in ' 
place of a gas-fired process for 
brazing and cut energy costs by 
£22,000 a year, or 95 per cent. 

In Alloa. . United Glass 

changing to gas. .“With all the 
indications pointing towards 
'natural gas supplies lasting well 
into , the 21st _century .and 
onwards, that changover niiisi 
make good Monergy sense loo," 
it says. 


All steamed-up about waste 

Each year Britain uses a vast 
amount of energy - more than 
200 million tons in terms of oil 
equivalent. Nearly- half of this 
-amount is - : used by . factories, 
offices and shops: 

'A lot is wasted or nnder- 
ntilized; creating 'nrinecessaiy 
costs and making firms less 

water, which is usually avail- 
able: it can store and carry a lot 
of heat at a temperature at 
which it can be used con- 

But often it can be used 
inefficiently, despite highly 
sopbisiticated boilers and com- 
puter controlled monitoring 

pipes. Inefficient lagging can 
cost industry thousands of 

A simple illustration will 
demonstrate the cost. A 10ft. 
leugh of uncovered 6in. piping 
carrying steam at a pressure of 
seven bar (100 pounds per 
square inch) can waste five 

competitive. About £100 million - equipment. Heat can be lost 
a day is spent on energy. r.£20 through radiation from steam 
million, of whieh js -wasted, 
heneetibe Government's encour- 
agement of indostiy in Energy 
Efficiency Year to ; look closely 
at energy management. . .z:. 

Examples of savings abound. 

Not- long ago’Ford’s Dagenham 
factory and .other, plants Jn. the 
s nmmndlng area were moduc- 
ing 300 tonnes of combustible 
waste each week, mainly, in the 
form, of paper, cardboard, wood, 
plastics and rubber. 

The waste used to he tipped 
at a landfill site.' But Ford 
decided to 'install an iftdneratbr 
fitted with a waste heat recovery 
faculty Jn which rubbish can be 
burnt 24 boors a day. five days a 
week, and the beat used to 
supplement the existing steam 
generating plant. - 

The saving?- Ford estimates it 
will cut its annual feel bill by 
£400,000 a year. .. . 

Steam is probably most 
widely used for both process and 
beating in industry. Steam is 
simply a carrier of heat It is a 
good way of conveying the heat 
from the foe! being burned in 
the boiler furnace to the place 
where the heal is to be used. 

Steam is chosen as a good 
conveyor of beat for two 
reasons: it is generated from 

by implementing low-cost im- 
provements such as plant and 
pipework lagging. 

That is not alL Farther 
saving of between 15 and 20 
per cent can be produced 
through capital investment in. 
for example, beat-recovery 
equipment and more energy-ef- 
ficient plant 

The government energy 
efficiency office offers a range of 
services to industry, one of 
which is the energy efficiency 
survey scheme whieh gives 
grants towards the cost of 
expert surveys. The object is to 
identify what energy waste is 
costing and what can be done to 
improve efficiency. 

It is more than good housekeeping; fixing 
leaks can cut consumption by 10 per cent 

tonnes of coal or 650 gallons of 
oil a year -in, betw een £250 and 
£360 worth of feel. 

There can also be unnecess- 
ary loss in space beating. 
Proper regulation of tempera- 
ture requirements provide enor- 
mous savings. Another obvious 
way of reducing work to be done 
by the steam is to cot oot 
unnecessary beating of corridors 
or rooms not in regular use. 

It is no more than good 
housekeeping. It is estimated 
that d eating with steam leaks 
and turning off unnecessary 
lights can reduce energy con- 
sumption by as much as 10 per 
cent. And savings of between 10 
and 15 per cent can be achieved 

It is claimed that for every £1 
invested in a survey, average 
savings of £15 a year are made. 

- -The scheme offers support for 
three types of survey: short 
extended and combined heat 
and power feasabfiity studies. 

For the short survey a 50 per 
cent grant is offered towards the 
cost of consultants, charges 
(excluding VAT) up to a 
maximum of £250. Similar- size 
grants are offered for extended 
surveys and combined heat and 
power feasibility studies, the 
maximum grant in these two 
cases being £10.000. 

The energy conservation 
demonstration projects scheme 
also provides financial assist- 

ance to organizations that can 
demonstrate either new or 
improved technologies that 
enable energy to be used more 

Under the snpport-for-inno- 
vation scheme, a range of 
financial support is also avail- 
able from die Department of 
Trade and Industry to enable 
firms to undertake research and 
development in new products 
and processes. 

The industrial beat recovery 
scheme provides government 
assistance for high energy users 
in industry to commission 
consultants for design specifi- 
cation and tender work on a 
heat-recovery project in any 
factory where energy costs 
exceed £100.000 a year. 

In 1981 a £50 million scheme 
was introduced to give grants to 
encourage industry to convert 
coal-fired boilers from oil. In 
1982 the scheme was extended 
to. cover conversions of other 
industrial oil-fired equipment 
and conversions of gas-fired 
equipment to coal. 

Service as well as manufac- 
turing industries - along with 
agriculture - are eligible and the 
minimum qualifying threshold 
for tbe total project costs has 
been reduced from £25,000 to 
£15.000 to help smaller firms. 

Projects which are eligible for 
a grant under the Department of 
Trade and industry's coal- 
firing scheme could in principle 
be eligible for a European Coal 
and Steel Community loan. 

Michael Hatfield 

proved right in its you / do not do -it. your 

energy A management policy, competitors probably will, and 
Ideal's -feel: ^expenditure has you : will have lost another 
been reduce^" from 20 per-cent opportunity to pull ahead. . 
of mariufectuoBg. costs .10 9 £er Bjrthe epd of last Ma& about, 

cent, "/iud .the - Tvfidtflewich 5.400 companies had appointed- 

factory-: has ' moved from the 
bottom ;to ; :-..the-^tdp of the 
AmericaJL-o^ned Ideal's, world 
energy , raYnagenrem r league 
table. IoXqtai.1 ,370*000 therms 
of heat’aave‘b<»ft savedand the 

yeS&'V-C. '.'.-/si;. :• 

Working together to 
. raise competitiveness . 

.Ideal has pointed the way to 
what energy conservation ex- 
perts in the gas. electricity, oil 
and coal industries have -known 
.for a long' time- - thai vast 
amounts of power are being 
wasted in the UK by inefficient 
industrial-processes:' in “ '■ 

Ideal's efforts earned' it the 
1985. Gas' Energy Management 
(Gem) award for industry.- a 
competition that is matched by 
the electricity -industry's j*ower 
Tor Efficiency and 1 . Productivity^ 
(Pep) awards Both contests 
take on -a far- greater prestige 
nature - this year with the 
winners almost' guaranteed a 
much higher level of publicity 
and fame.- ' ■ ' ■ . . 

Both industries claim their 
schemes have played - a- m^jor 
role in energy conservation. 
Last year, ^British Gas cele- 
brated the’: tenth anniversary 
year -of the Gem awards with 
contestants -who- between them 
saved a record 39 million 
therms of gas and described h as 
"an. outstanding achievement 
bv customers, manufacturers. 

an executive . with ' special 
responsibility for. energy saying 
as a direct result of the breakfast 
briefing sessions. Tbe Depart- 
ment of Energy. claiming a huge 
success, said ttiat a. total, of 
16.000 business people had 
attended the briefings and; 
three-quarters -had 'begun- to 
keep a regular check -on. their 
companies; energy usage. • 

> 'But the crifiei remain uncon- 
vinced and many. including the 
Commons Select- Com miliee on 
Energy, want the Government 
to devise “bard -policy options" 
to cut energy consumption. And 
Britain, it seems, has a.loLto do 
to. -catch up with ■ its, major 
competitors ...on.- the.* energy 
saving "Av.- recent £urt>peair- 
■commissi otme port sairfrtte UK 
:had made ' less effort than 
almost every other EEC country 
to improve its eneigy efficiency 
since the oil crisis of 1 973. - .. 

An award for 80; 
per cent costs cat 



France and* Denmark had 
made sayings of up to 30 per 
cent In life industrial' and 
housing sectors, but Britain 
lagged in eighth position with a 
redaction in eneigy usage', of 
only 17 iJer ceht. \" 

Now, with; the adoption of a 
higher profile for schemes' such 
as the' Gem and Pep awards, it 
is hoped that this trend can be 
reversed. But the sna^ for- most 

hard-pressed ' industrialist#,, is 

British. Gas sales engineers and -that- the energy utilities and 
research - ' establishments all - companies’ arc^T-of «jqrse. in 

working together to improve 
competitiveness and reduce 
costs in -British industry, com- 
merce and the public services” . 

The Pep scheme, begun in 
1984, has also had impressive 
results. In its first year lhe 28 
regional winners .achieved en* 

fierce -coriipetition with each 
other, choosing to stay with an 
existing ede(gysbuit|6Jbniinvest- 
ing m something ncrw^can be a 
time-consuming task. 

The 28* Pep winners: fast year 
achieved ' total savings - of 
£2,400,000 in the firat year for 

- The claim thar the link 
'■ between convection heating and 
the-time and- energy which can 
be saved by bakiiig biscuits, in a 
: con vect ion-air ^>ven father, than 
' - a coriventional oven is not 
obvious- at -first sight « un- 
• ; doubtedly’ifue. • * 

- • It is also used by - the 

Electricity Council, to illustrate 

• how difficult it is for school- 
children to relate theoretical 
ideas on a school • syllabus to 
their applications in daily life 
and industry. \ 

If it is impofiaht fw - children 
to have a wider apineciation of 
- how scientific principles cain be 
-- applied to everyday life amU in 
. - particular, how enagyicari he 
. used much - more effxcientfyr in 
-. manufacturing processes,' it is 
vital for.. the energy: producing 
^ industries -as well as teachets to 
■ have a -hand in the edu c a tin g 
process. ; 

To lhi» end. the Department 
_ of Energy- runs a wheels' energy 
-r ‘ efficiency competition every 
two years. This year, with; the 
/. Electricity Council as- the main 
-■*; sponsor. . tte contest will em- 

• ■ brace the concepts of both 
: Energy Efficiency year- and 

• ‘ Industry Year. Other sponsors 
‘ are British Gas. and ihe oil 

■ company Conoco.’ * 

This year's competition is 
. .* being called .Eneigy Factor and 
‘ ' v - - entries must take the fonn of an 
•^.analytical project "report," an 

- cneigj' ■ game - or an . ener gy 
simulation. They must describe 

. investigation's ntpdc at home or. 
. at - work and - put forward 
.’'PTOPMate for making: a ^ process 
, - morecnerEv-efficieni: ■ • 

Schools and colleges entering 

---. the competition have until' the 
..end of the year to prepare their 
; - entry and the Electricity Coun- 
, . J cil warits"as many as possiWe. 
j i-To be successful, it says, the 

competition must : -increase 
understanding iin 'Twticular 
subject areas: =•• ■ 

The key poinl made by the 
counbil for this ^ar*s compe- 
titicnl is that it must be 
"memorable, useful and fun”: 

Energy Factor fs -aimed at 12 
to \6 yeariolds- -and involves 
appreciation 1 of- and involve- 
ment in the -choice of different 
feels, fuel prices, efficiencies of 
conversion, -eneigy distribution 
and apftiication to the product. 

Th? idea isihat pupils shou&I 
investigate"' an "iiidusxriar' pro- 
cesS in the kitchen. 'Balhroom Or 
' elsewhere in the' home, 'measur- 
ing- • ..enei©r.. . consumption, 
accgiiriiiffg, fdr'l'Hs . use- and 
possiMr -auie abd: showing how 
' to inr ' , encrgy efficiency in 
one o. /.tore- processes which 
have iTtou^rial analogies. . 

. The. are then ana- 

lysed in tbq classroom, using 
. software provided by Hobsons, 
ihe'poltiishcrs ior toe Careers 
Research and Advisory Centre, 
which is organizing the. Energy 
Factor .competition for -the 
council- . ' 

Tbere-is .a* particular; empba- 
ijs on teamwork, -with each 
collating team comprising at 
last. six. people and each _ entry 
requiring data from *a minimum 
Of 20 homes. Competitors with 
interests in non-sdcnce subjects 
have as much of a contribution 
to Jmake as those with science, 
and computing skillSv say the 
organ izeis. SYedit^ts -given -for 
cross-curricular involvement. 

-. .. The competition ■ is - to - be 
launched in 3 May w(tiT eoxiipe- 
tition packs axrivi)^ in : schools 
in June and work beginning in 
September. ’ . Tfa..;. televised 
national fijiais will ■ be in 
-London in-1987.- ■ ’ 

-- ‘ -.ET 



. jesT* ••••.-* •*' : J ; ‘ V ' ' ' ■ • 

for BR 


We also want you to use less coal, gas and 
electricity. ' 

According to Government estimates, -British 

"each year. ’ ; "• 

Their figures alsb suggest that the average 
company could consume 20% less energy fay 
using it more efficiently. ' - 

Which is where BP Energy comes in. First, 
~we will help you put your finger on that wasted 20%. 

Then , we’ll design, install and maintain what- 
ever you need in the way of equipment and control 

If you spend over £100.000 a year on energy, 
call Peter Wright on Uxbridge CQ895) 56662 and 
he’ll tell you more, aboutvhow to spend less. 

At First glance it may seem foolhardy for us 
to suggest you buy less of our products. 

But then in the long run we think it will be 
best for everyone. . 

BP Energy Limited 



Home thoughts from wi thin : A look at a town where^up-to-date housing is encouraged and, belowright, faults to overcome 

*■"" 1,11 i. i i ii - i i 1 •" ■■ • ■ - 

In a cradle of English tradition, 
the future in bricks and mortar 


Wefl-srautated roof 

Surrounded by some of the 
most perfectly preserved bis- 
tone villages in England, Milton 
Keynes seems to be the ideal 
setting for developing the home 
of the future. After alt compar- 
ing draughty, leaded windows 
with sound-proofed, wcll-insu- 
iaicd double glazing on a cold 
winter morning is the perfect 
antidote to sentiment. 

Already, home-owners have 
been able to take a glimpse of 
the future by visiting the 
Horaeworld development at 
Milton Keynes and seeing the 
energy savings the} - can achieve 
simply by utilizing available 

The next phase - 10 demon- 
strate that such energy savings 
can be achieved in liveable and 
comfortable homes - will come 
in spring when the Milton 
Keynes Energy Park opens. 
Most of the national builders 
have planned the homes they 
arc to build and severl smaller 
local firms have also agreed to 
take part. 

The smaller builders are 
determined to show the big 
bovs that they do not have the 
monolopy on good ideas. One 
builder has incorporated his 
ideas into his home and hopes 
to win several contracts to build 
his brainchild in various pans 
of the country. 

One of the remarkable and 
interesting aspects of what the 
locals like to describe as the 
Milton Ken yes effect is that the 
companies involved and the 
people who eventually will live 
in the homes have no inhi- 
bitions about working and 

living in an environment that 
bears considerable resemblance 
to a goldfish bowl. 

Each day the new city is 
visited by architects, town 
planners, industrialists and 
developers from all over the 
world, who have come to see 
the latest applications of mod- 
em industrial and residential 
planning in action. 

Most go away with the 
impression that what they have 
just seen is how we will be 
living in the 2000. However, the 
city's staff point out that they 
haye just seen is “how we are 
living now in Milton Keynes”. 
There is nothing dramatic'about 
the energy-saving homes being 

In Milton Keynes, all the 
available equipment and tech- 

energy-effiriem house - a level 
chosen by the designers as 
something practical rather than 
what they could ultimately 
achieve - is 30 per cent better 
than most modem housing. 

The Milton Keynes Energy 
Cost index is based'on a house's 
total annual energy running 
costs under certain standard 
conditions of occupancy and 
use. Unlike the existing building 
regulations, the index takes into 
account most of the factors 
which directly affect a house's 
energy performance, such as the 
heating system, the building's 
position in regard 10 the 
prevailing winds and the sun 
and the type of glazing used 

The MKECI is presented as 
an index figure and is assessed 
on a specially developed micro 

The city has found a solution 
to different household needs 

niques have been brought 
together in combinations which 
precisely suit each house de- 
signed and built. 

What works in one house 
may not work in another 
because of its size or shape or 
because of the type of family 
living in it - small babies who 
need a warm environment are 
more energy costly, for 

To cope with this phenom- 
enon. Milton Keynes has come 
up_ with its own energy- 
efficiency index for the homes 

It shows that even the most 

computer program. This en- 
ables the developer and the 
architect to feed in the relevant 
information about the individ- 
ual house to make sure that it 
meets the MKECI leveL 

The positioning of the build- 
ings on the site - helped by the 
fact that the developers have 
access to a greenfield site where 
the roads have already been 
aligned in relation to the 
prevailing weather conditions - 
will be crucial to their energy 

This is one aspect which has 
already been studied by archi- 
tects and planners from abroad. 

Analysis of tbs slope orien- 
tation and exposure of the 
Encigy Park site led to the 
development of two distinct 
planning zones. In one, shelter 
will be emphasized; in the other 
the lack of shade will be 
capitalized on to provide the 
maximum solar gain in each 

Stephen Fuller, the co-ordi- 
nator of the park, said; “Even 
on a site of 300 acres there are 
advantages to be gained from 
utlizing the local micro-climate 
to the full and planning the 
landscape to make the best use 
of the available wind, light and 
shade. - 

“By planting different types 
of trees we can make sure that 
houses which need to be 
sheltered in the winte are and 
that factories which need to be 
sheltered from strong sunlight 
in the summer afire also 

“This is an aspect of energy 
saving that has not been fully 
utilized and we have been 
luckly in being able to have 
access to a green-field site. 

“But there is not any magic 
way of making a house use half 
as much energy as a comparable 
one elsewhere. The secret is to 
use all the available techniques 
in th correct combination.” he 

“When people come to see 
our energy saving homes and 
factories they will be surprised 
how normal they, look. The 
final fuel bills, however, will not 
be normal." 





for w at er h e a ting 


Small double or 
triple-glazed windows 
with.insulating blinds 
on north side ■ 


Heavyweight first floor and 
cross walls store heat ^ 

High efficiency 
boiler ; 


Up to 4" 
cavity waU 

3" floor * 
cast in slab 

pK ’ targe .. 
double-glazed . 
traps the heat of the sun 



Source: MKDC 

Source: Thi Open. 1 . 
. University, 

The diagram shows how a typical 
suburban house can be made more 
energy-efficient One way of assessing 
that efficiency is to use the Milton 
Keynes energy cost index (above, left). 

Houses in the new town's Energy Park 
have a better maximum, 120, than the - 
UK standard, which fixes an energy cost 
Index of no more than 170. The index 
level of!20 makes them at least 30 per 
cent more effidentthan those built to 

British boilding-regHlfttion standards. 
The level was setafter studies shewed v 

saving measures shown here should . ; 
.individually “pay ofF* withiafive years. 

Lofty ideal 

n To some it may seem a lot of 
not air but to the Energy 

*. -• -.3'? I xSbw .v: 

Department this airship pro- 
moting the slogan for the 1986 
campaign represented an ef- 
ficient use of fueL It flew at a 
£25,000 hire cost for a week 
over the industrial conurbations 
of the West Midlands and 
London to put over the message 
to business and the media that 
energy waste means profit loss. 
The 164ft-Iong, 46ft-diameter 
airship was able to carry the 
82ft slogan and up to 10 people 
using only six gallons of fuel an 
hour. Its two car engines nse up 
to 100 gallons a 12-hour day, 
less than a passenger jetliner 
uses in taxiing for take-off 

If you can’t 
fix the ki 

jr^r : : 

’ ■ .• - 

Every man's home may be his 
castle, but it can also be an 
astonishing cause of lost energy, 
which means money out of his 
pocket and a wasteful drain on 
the nation's resources. 

That is why the Department 
of Energy, in its efficiency- 
campaign this year, has had the 
biggest mail-drop in the coun- 
try's history, sending out 20 
million pamphlets to make 
householders more energy -con- 

Heat - that is. energy - can 
escape through the roof, the 
-walls • and windows. It is 
estimated that in a semi-de- 
tached house without proper 
insulation there could be a loss 
of £75 a year, depending on the 
heating system. Open doors in a 
house could cost the house- 
holder another £100. As for 
windows, it is estimated that 25 

Though double glazing may 
have a chequered history, 
improvement in techniques and 
materials has now made the 
replacement-window market a 
billion pound industry, with 
500,000 installations each year. 

Effective draught-proofing is 
another obvious wav of not 
only keeping out the cold blasts 
of air but saving energy, fuel 
costs. According to the Draught 
Proofing Advisory Association, 
four out . of five households 
without adequate draught 
proofing are wasting energy to 
the equivalent of leaving the 
front door wide open for 
hours every day. 

• Energy consumers without 
draught-proofing are probably 
spending on average at least an 
additional £35 a year on heating 
bills which could be saved. On a 

be brought under better control. 
Such simple measures. as check- 
ing the -time switch on the 
central heating system, or 
lowering the thermostat I rad to 
energy cost saving Heating bills 
can be cut by about 8 per cent if 
the room temperature is tuned 
down to 20 dr^grefcs C (68F>. 
Another way is to fix alu- 
minium foQ behind radiators 
which are on outside walk so 
that the heat is reflected back 
Into the room. Special foil can 
be bought for the purpose, bat 
ordinary kitchen foil wiH do. 

Little tips that 
can make for 
good sayings 

Gas and electricity make the 

smokeless. The NCB ctenns it 
can cut fuel bills by up tb 5& per 
.-cent. 1 ■■■■■■ v 

Being ' - energy-conscioas 
around the house saves 'money. 
Matching a pan to the .size, of 
the ring oh the' cooker is one : 
; example. Cooking more than 
one - vegetable in special ■ seg- 
mented pans is another. 

There are some not so 
obvious but . well ^ worth ibel 
thought. When pre-hcating an 
oven, remove any shelves, trays : 
or tins which are not required. 
Energy is wasted beating them. . 

. A freezer, can provide bene- 
fits. By cooking - more than 
immediate needs, they can be 
frozen to be used later. And the 
freezer or refrigerator will 
always be more economical if 
kept at least threequaners fuIL 
Lighting is unlikely to use a 

• t . r 

„* ..... UM 

glazed building 
through them. 


Loft insulation 
can still 
attract a grant 




There are many ways to 
make a house more energy-ef- 
ficient. Insulating the loft is a 
good start. It will need ar least 
4in. (preferably 6in.) of insu- 
lation, and it may not be 
necessary to pay for it all. 

Depending on the circum- 
stances, which include the 
depth of the insulation, the local 
authority could grant up to £90. 
Insulating the cold-water tank 
will also prevent its freezing 
during the winter. 

Heat loss through walls can 
be considerable - up to 35 per 
cent Much of this can be saved 
by cavity wall ' insulation, 
amounting to about 25 per cent 
of the annual heating bill, 
according to the National 
Cavity Insulation Association. 

It estimates that a typical ; 
centre terraced house costs on 
average £300 to insulate (for all : 
materials), a semi-detached : 
house between £400 and £500 
and a detached house (based on 
100 square metres of all area to 
be insulated) between £500 and 

accounts for £600 million a 

Hot water tanks and pipes are 
another source of energy and 
money loss - in cash terms, up 
to £2 a week. A hot water tank 
should always be fitted with an 
80mm thick tagging jacket. 
Without a lagging jacket, ac- 
cording to Electricity Council 
statistics, enough heat for up to 
16 baths a week can be lost 
This would be enough elec- 
tricity to keep one bar of an 
electric fire going for 80 hours. 

Heating the house itself can 

because; of former beat loss in 
coal-burning fires. In fact, three 
years ago only 7 per cent of new 
houses were built with chim- 
neys because fires were seen to 
be inefficient. The National 
Coal Board has fought back 
with new. appliances and now 
the number of new houses with 
chimneys is up to 40 per cent. 

heatings or cooking^ but the . 
amount and cost of electricity 
can be reduced by using 
-fluorescent lighting or the new 
energy-saving bulbs instead of 
ordinary filament lighrbulbs. 

A 100W bulb uses about- £5 

worth of electricity during its 
average i ,000-hour lift. Fluor- 
escent tubes and the new, 
compact energy-saving bulbs 
use 75 per cent lets electricity 
than ordinary filament bulbs for 
the same amount of light and 
can last five tunes as long. 

.• MH 

The National Coal Board is 
now running a pilot scheme in 
the Midlands with a new type of 
home boiler, already used in 
industry, which can- burn 
ordinary coal and yet is 

- & ‘ 

p: . 

H- ‘ . :* 


’■as t .v*y 

If you’re looking to reduce running 
costs make sure you don’t ignore one area 
that’s directly overhead - the lighting. 
Lighting can cost your organisation far 
more than you may think. In the UK last 
year it accounted for a staggering £1,200 
million, much of which was spent 

In research tests, on the shop floor 
and in the office we’ve been able to 
reduce consumption by up to 75%. And 
that means smaller bills, lower overheads 
and greater profitability. Yet the capital 
costs involved in changing to THORN EMI 
make very light reading. 

Revealing figures 
of how the money 
goes to waste 

THORN EMI, the UK’s largest 
lighting manufacturer, has proved it can 
stop this colossal waste of energy and 
money. Through research and 
development THORN EMI Lighting has 
produced a powerful range of energy 
efficient lamps suitable for every 

Many of our customers have found 
payback times of less than one year. With 
longer lasting lamps, better illumination 
and our excellent backup service, you’ll 
see that changing to THORN EMI will be 
one of your finest investments of 1986. ■ 

For further details of our free advisory 
service, contact Christine Anderson 
on 01-8023151. 


Aworid authority on light 

Double glazing' halves the 
loss through windows; triple 
glazing or double-glazing using 
low-emissitivity glass halves it 

The Glass and Glazing 
Federation produces some re- : 
vealing statistics: if a typical I 
1920 io_ 1940 semi-detached 
house with 16 per cent of the 
external walls single glazed is 
examined, it is estimated that 
about 22 units of heat are lost 
through the roof; 47 units 

Through the walls; 22 units 

through the floor 29 units 

through ventilation and. 30 
units through the windows. 

With double glazing, heat loss 
through windows would be 
reduced to 16 units - a saving of 
14 units of heat from a total of 

In a similar house built to 
present minimum insulation 
standards, heat-loss figures 
would be nine units through the 
roof 27 through walls, 18 
through the floor, 29 through 
ventilation and 30 through 
single-glazed or 16 through 
double-glazed windows. Double' 
glazing,, in this case, saves 14 
units out of a total of 113, ,a 
saving ofl 2 per cent. 

• , .x"i v, 

■ • /> t • •»/-. ' 

: r:. vi “ riT rr\ ■ 

Tins high-efficiency plant is just on© example of Blue Circle's 
triumph over energy costs-: - 

Since we began our enmgy^ving programme Ini 1971/ we've beconte ' 
more fuel-^ffidentevery yean - 'ri 

Throughout the group we've shown savings of 6ror3Q% since 1968 ^/ -: 

and with a fual bill running into miffions, that's a sipufficant -ami qj jggm f ~ 

At Blue Cirde we beliere that affirient use of energy is shnjiilytiood " 

business sanse-because no weD run company has money to burn. - ' 






warmup at the right time 




u iOSS 


Two weeks before Christmas 
and -the staff- of a, high street 
Barclays Bank were planning 
their annual party; which meant 
heating their premises after 
office hours. It took a telephone 
call u> Britannia House, Lon- 
don.' to get the control mechan- 
ism changed, for that is . where 
Barclays head office now con- 
trols the energy requirements 
for 50 of its major branches 
through a central computer. 

In towns as far north- as: 
Preston and to the south in 
Brighton, the daily needs can be 
monitored by the hour, and 
changed where necessary. The 
energy saving has been esti- 
mated, at £2,000 a year for each 

Keith Thomas, who controls 
the bank's energy management 
programme, says there are plans 
to extend the system, but there 
comes ah optimum limit before- 
extra computers- have to be 
installed and staff employed to 
monitor them. 

In the meantime the bank has 
conducted a survey of 2,500 of 
its branches' offices, all of which 
now have to send in' monthly 
returns so that they can be 
checked against given targets. 
The annual saving is estimated 
to be £750.000. 

Energy management systems 
and targetting are now key 
items in making offices more 
cost - and energy - efficient. 
They cover such areas as 
improved insulation, weather 
tightness of structures,- control 
of engineering systems - heat- 
ing, ventilation .air condition- 
ing and electrical systems - 

A government office’ has 
made 40% savings 

lighting levels and switching 
arrangements, management and 
good housekeeping. . 

Mr Thomas's comments are 
applicable to any efficient office 
management scheme;, "Engin- 
eering systems, particularly 
heating, have revealed short- 
comings in design which reflect 
the previous availability and 
cheapness of fuel 
■ "To achieve energy savings it 
has been- necessary to install 
more sophisticated means of 
control snch as micro-processor 
based control systems, individ- 
ual thermostatic radiator 
valves. In some cases there has 
been the replacement of large 
energy consuming systems by 
modem highly efficient equip- 
ment and design techniques." 

. Energy savings of nearly 40 
per cent have been achieved in 
a government office building 

Keith Thomas: Controlling energy for Barclays and saving £750,000 a year 

through the installation .of a 
building m anag e ment system. 
The Building Research 
Establishment - assessed the 
system performance by detailed 
monitoring before and after 

The system remotely controls 
tyro buildings representative of 
medium-sized, conventionally- 
heated. naturally- ventilated 
office buddings and- is ra p^Hp 
of controlling up to 30 build- 

A single intelligent outstalion 
is installed in each building, 
linked with a central station but 
communicating only in exoep-. 
tionaf circumstances or at the 
operator's request. ■ 

The concept of integrated 
environmental design for office 
blocks is now an accepted 
standard of building techniques. 
What it means, in energy terms, 
is that the building is built, and 
even sited, to maximize energy 

• A building can be warm on 
one idde and cold on the other 
because of environmental con- 
ditions.. It is the equivalent of a 
person sitting in front of a coal 
fire with the back door open. So 
why not disperse the energy 
more efficiently. 

The same person sitting in 
the middle of an open plan 
office will gjve off more heat, 
around 150 watts, than " a 
colleague sitting by a window 
with a north . wind blowing. 
With insulation and the heat 
extracted through the electric 
light system, the. energy, can be 
re-circulated to keep the whole 
of the ‘ office at an even 
temperature. * 

Even the orientation of a new 
office can be important in 
energy efficiency, particularly as 
the development of glazing 
increases. Buildings with their 
main glazing on east and, west 
faces reduce the total solar gain 
because radiation can only be 
incident on one face at a time 
and " then only for a limited 
period. A southern facade will 
be in the sun most of the day. 

While oil, gas and electricity 
heating systems have been 
favoured methods for heating 
offices, coal would now appear 
to be making a comeback after 
years of seeing the traditional 

Wastage reduced by 
new techniques 

coal yard near an office turned 
into a car park. 

. The Coalfield. Committee 
Campaign, which is backed by 
70 local authorities, have just 
released a paper - The Healing 
of Public Buildings - demon- 
strating the benefits and savings 
of coal use by the experience of 
Doncaster council. 

More than 75 per cent of the 
council’s buildings are heated 1 ’ 
by coal and there has been an 
estimated saving of £171,300 in 

George Christian, assistant 
chief engineer, says: “It is 
generally assumed that solid 
foe! is less controllable than 
other fuels. However, in Don- 
caster we have applied the most 
sophisticated microprocessor 
controls to our coal-fired 
heating plants’*. 

He added: “Over the past 

-three years we have achieved 
and maintained in excess of a 
20 per cent overall saving on 
our energy budget, including a 
reduction of 1 9 per cent in solid 
fuel consumption" 

New boilers, heal pumps and 
remote control systems are 
cutting down the costs, by 
saving energy, in many estab- 
lished buildings. Targetting has 
also become important. By 
introducing targetting; for 
example, the Greater London 
Council has achieved cumulat- 
ive savings of £38 million in 
school buildings. 

Lighting in offices is a prime 
energy burner, especially where 
it can account for up to 50 per 
cent of installed electrical load. 
Potential savings of electricity 
for lighting range from 30 per 
cent to 70 per cent. 

An analysis of standard 
lighting application reveals that 
most wastage arises when lights 
are used outside normal work- 
ing hours, while occupants are 
away from work stations or 
while daylight levels are ad- 
equate. _ 

Several new techniques have 
been developed to reduce 
wastage of this kind. 

One example is time-based 
switching on and off of bulk 
lighting to match the normal 
working day, with local manual 
reset to cater for abnormal 

Another is time-based switch- 
ing off of balk lighting at regular 
intervals with reset facilities on 
each light-fitting, forcing occu- 
pants to reassess their need for 
lighting and to turn on individ- 
ual fittings only if required. 



Just watch a tiger move. 

Lean, dynamic, powerful, with fast 
reflexes -yet an efficient saver of energy. 

For even with all that power and 
energy he moves economically. 

Our tiger won't take the long road if 
there's a more direct route. He uses energy 
sensibly, efficiently and therefore economi- 
cally. Which is really what energy saving is 
all about 

We in Esso have been highly suc- 
cessful in improving our overall energy 
efficiency. And our efforts are increasing as 
dieting programmes are extended and 

new programmes introduced. 

Since 1974 we have been the proud 
sponsors of the Royal Society Energy 
Award - given each year in recognition of 
significant advances in energy efficiency 

Esso wholeheartedly support the 
aims of MONERG Y '86. Not just because we 
all need to use energy resources wisely. 
Nor just because a business 
uses energy efficiently in order 
to be more competitive. But 
simply because it's just 
plain common sense. 


.•i member of the Exxon Crouj * 


Pilkington makes more insulation products than everyone else in Britain put together. 






cash in on 
Robson’s Dutch 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

Bryan Robson could yet be 
i available to lead England in the 
opening game of their prep- 
arations for the World Cup 
finals. After playing for only a 
dozen minutes in the last three 
■ months. Manchester United's 
captain was sent to a Dutch 
clinic on Tuesday, and Richard 
Smith, the physiotherapist in 
charge, believes’ his new patient 
will be fit within a week. 

"He has two injuries, to his 
hamstring and his calf, but they 
are not serious’ 1 . Smith said 
yesterday. “Wc arc putting him 
through "a rehabilitation pro- 
gramme to build up his 
flexibility, his strength and his 
coordination. He nas worked 
hard on his own today and I 
expect that he will be ready to 
resume next week.” 

The news surprised United, 
who had advised England's 
manager. Bobby Robson, that it 
was not even worth considering 
him Tor the international 
against Egypt in Cairo on 
January 29. But Smith, who has 
only just celebrated his thirtieth 
birthday, has already earned a 
reputation of restoring the 
mobility of injured sportsmen. 

One example is Steve Cop- 
pell. once a winger at United, 
and now the manager at Cry stal 
Palace. After a serious knee 
injury ended his career, he went 
to sec Smith in Amsterdam, and 
winces at the memory of his 
treatment. “He was an advocate 
of the Cyriax method, which is 
very deep friction massage 1 ". 
Coppell said. 

”lt is unbelievably painful. 
They deliberately bruise the 
area to increase the blood 
supply. Imagine having a dead 
leg and someone not just 
touching it, but digging their 
elbow into it. 1 used to hold 
onto the sides of the bed and 
there were times when I had to 
bite on a towel. 

“Thai lasted for about half an 
hour and I used to dread it. 
Then you are immersed in ice 

intensive, lasting sometimes 
from seven in the morning until 

1 1 at night. But it worked. My 
leg was a thousand per cent 

"Before I went I couldn't 
walk down the street without 
limping. A month after I came 
back, 1 nui a half-marathon, a 
feat that 1 couldn't have 
conlcmplaled before. Richard 
Smith even said that he thought 
he could get me in good enough 
shape to start playing again.” 

Smith recalls that Coppell 
was “a cripple". "Robson is not 
even badly injured, so we won't 
be using the same programme.” 
he said. He also dismissed the 
threat of England's captain 
being rushed back into action 
(his last comeback ended within 

12 minutes at Sheffield Wed- 
nesday). “There is not danger of 
that happening now that he's 
here with me.” 

Vet Ron Atkinson, concerned 
that his captain was suffering as 
much psychologically as physi- 
cally. may deride against 
selecting him for United's visit 
la Sunderland in the FA CUp 
fourth round on Saturday week. 
But if a replay is required. 
Robson is likely to remain on 
the list of England withdrawals. 

It already includes Reid, of 
Evcrton. and Francis, of Sam- 
pdona. who is expected to be 
out for at least a month after 
pulling a hamstring, it was 
thought that Wilkins and 
Halelcy would be unavailable as 
well because of their involve- 
ment in a domestic cup tie with 
.AC Milan. 

Wilkins insisted yesterday, 
however, that he and Haleley, 
who were ordered by their dub 
lo fly back to Italy from Mexico 
in the middle of England's tour 
Iasi summer, will both be 
released. He is convinced that 
they will not be required for the 
first leg of a tie against Empoli. 
a lowly second division side. 

Vet the England squad could 
be cut to shreds. If the 

Hard man I A 
with a 
soft, sweet 

cut for alt 

in the one-cut 

From Richard Evans 
New York • 

Boris Becker bounced out of foe 
'limousine that had delivered him 
back to his' luxury, hotel on Cental 
Park South, collected a huge gift- 
wrapped basket of: chocolates 1 that 
had been left for him and grinned 
happily as he headed for bed. - 
“Ah, lots oflovcly calories,” ta 
said with a sidelong glance at his 
manager. Ion Tiriac, who looked 
somewhat less ecstatic. Visions of 
his 6ft 4ms protege running op and 
down more mountains, were 
probably forming in his . mind. 
Tiriac is well aware that getting too 


9 . , 

Bv Mitchell Platts 

Prize-money for the 115th Open - Mr . HiU aid “Ewtj. 
chamSSSw be played on the championship rnthe w 
ADsa. course at Tumberry from July ** ScvraaT 

17W a; win be £600.000 an approached .uy bat ffar. nj 

iimut IS wr cent on Ira explained that if they, began -th*' 
Sandy Lj^on at Royal third round at *e b5^or&£' 
StGfonffV Sandwich. Lyle, who thenit wouM be 
became me firatBritish winner since would qualify, for the ;S4gfe^. 
Tony Jsridin -in 1969. earned imkss they shot somethin . 

£65,000. whereas the .19.86 chain- Now. by changing the farana; >e 
pin n will win £70,000. . can offer a ramnnum ofiLSCOfor- 

The Open championship remains any player vmo survies the ■ 
the richest of the four major cuLwtercas tost year if they p^yt^ 
championships allhough David all fom rounds and fimsfaeff at the 
HiU, the secretary, stresses that the back' of the - field, they woh' ot^' 1 
Royal and Ancient do nof trade ia £40ft" 

financial terms. 

“Ills not our aim to be above the 

The terms of exemption , fro® 

■ . - regional and final qualifying have! 

big and clumsy isjust about thc.only j olhers ^ terms of total praefimds, j^. extended, with the first W: 

p ~ 5 " ! "~ ,KaT -Mr Hfll said. “Wc arc rax in the Iayere m ^ ieadrag-20 on tMs- 

game or compeung with tou™ 3 " Tour money Ust (atMay l2) andou • 
mcni5 . such as the Mnwn PpM** 1 the European Tour (ai-Mhy 20, ^ ho> - 

cut. after 36 *holcs, with the top 70 
players and lies qualifying for' the 
remaining two rounds. In .the past, 
there has been a half-way cut .and 
another after 54 hales. 

Super-calorific: the sweet-toothed Becker tasting victory at Madison Square Garden 

| super-caioruic: me sweet-tootnea Meeker tasting victor; 

No money for City to 
buy new players 

By Dennis Shaw 

for 20 minutes. 1 was there for forthcoming FA Cup and Milk 

weeks and the treatment was 

Robson: !n Amsterdam 

Cup ties involving Arsenal, 
Chelsea, Evenon. Queen's Park 
Rangers. Southampton and 
Tottenham Hotspur arc all 
drawn. Bobby Bobson will be 
wighout every single member of 
the side, except Wilkins, that 
played in the World Cup 
qualifying tie against Northern 
Ireland two months ago. 

Should Ipswich Town, Liver- 
pool. Manchester United, Wat- 
ford and West Ham United be 
held as well. England's manager 
will have no choice but to take a 
group of inexperienced reserves 
lo Cairo. As Woods and 
Watson, of Norwich City, are 
the only representatives among 
his present preferences who are 
certain to be available. Robson 
has postponed the squad's 
departure by 24 hours. 

Crisis for Shreeve 

Tottenham Hotspur's defender. 
Graham Roberts, has been Warned 
for the defeat against Liverpool on 
Tuesday which further jeopardizes 
the job of Peter Shreeve, the club's 
mamager. Coming only four days 
after they lost 3-0 at home to 
Nottingham Forest, iheir Screen 
Sport Super Cup defeat by the same 
score in front of While Han Lane s 
smallest crowd of a poor season, 
increased the pressure on Shreeve. 

But he insisted: “It was another 
disappointing result but it was all 
down to a couple of lapses ot 
concentration. 1 would have to lault 
Graham on that, he made two errors 
ofjudgcment.” They were enough to 
let in lan Rush twice with Mark 
Lawrenson also scoring in a J_- 
m mute period after half-time. 

The match cost Kenny Dalglish, 
the Liverpool manager, dearly, with 
the full-back Macdonald breaking 
arm after 1 1 minutes an 

McMahon suffering a knee injury 

Tuesday’s results 

FA CUP: Birmingham City 1. AJtrmcnam 2 

Spurs, who tackle the other 
Merscvsiders. Evenon. could well 
be heading for a crisis. Shreeve 
admitted: "We never had enough 
Lwpenencc or expertise to open 
them up and cvcniuaHy we were 
chasing shadows. With Chris 
Waddle out and Glenn Hoddle 
doubtful it's a sticky period. 1 ' but he 
Rad one piece of good news with the 
forward, falco. who is making a 
good recovery after undergoing 
revolutionary surgery on a broken 

• Peter Shinlilf asked Sheffield 
Wednesday fora transfer yesterday 
on ihe we of iheir FA Cup third 
round replay against West Brom- 
wich Albion at the Hawthorns. 
ShiniifT is unhappy about being left 
out of the side which drew 2-2 at 
Sheffield on Monday. A first-team 
regular last season, his appearances 
have been restricted this season by 

Rod Saunders, the Bir mingham 
City manager, and his new 
chairman. Ken Wheldon. hare been 
forced deeper into dispute over foods 
for new players by the dub's 
dismissal from the FA Cup by 
Altrincham on Tuesday. 

Speculation Is mounting that, 
despite Saunders's controversial 
three-year rofl-over contract, worth 
around £160.000. a break wQ] come 
sooner or later. Defeat by the Cola 
League side has heightened the 
conflict between them on the 
question of whether the dub shonld 
go deeper into debt in order to 
strengthen the team. 

Saunders and his players, in 
imminent danger of relegation, 
yesterday publicly called for new 
personnel to be brought in urgently. 
“I've been saying it for two years,” 
the former Aston Villa champion- 
ship-winning manager said. “We’re 
not good enough. We need new and 
better players.” 

Whddoa insisted: “It's obvious I 
shall have to make further 
economies. It's the manager's job to 
pnt the team right on the field. My 
job is to save this dab. The financial 
position fe> controllable. I shall spell 
it out at ihe annual meeting 

The chairman has made it dear 
that his salvage plans do not indnde 
money for players. Saunders has 
been told he most sell in order to 
buy. Only Sea m a n , the England 
under-21 goalkeeper, and perhaps 
Kennedy look to have reasonable 
market value. 

The stalemate has severely 
strained tbe W held on -Saunders 
relationship about the manager's 
on usual contract, stressing that it 
was inherited reluctantly. Saunders 
is offended by this. He considers, 
that had be not sold players like 
Colon. Van den Ha owe and Harford 
tbe dub would not have survived 
long enough for Wheldon to 
purchase it. 

“If you don’t develop a team it 

goes back”, be said. Defeat by 
Altrincham has prompted players to 
hack Saunders in his pleas for help. 
“We have let the dob, the fans and 
ourselves down,” Hagan the Irish 
defender admitted. “Surely to 
goodness if the chairman was there 
he must have seen that something 
has to be done to bring in aew 
blood r 

This emotive cry is not supported 
by facts and figures. Shareholders 
will study on January 31 a report to 
June 30, 1985 that reveals a 
“deficiency of assets amounting to 
£460.630”. Solvency is maintained 
only by directors gnaranteeing these 
debts. The overall debt is £2215 
million and the dub are said to be 
losing £10,000 a week. 

Despite Sa under's modi pubU-. 
dzed pay-cutting four years ago, the 
annual wage bul is back at £1.02 
miniiwi, roughly where it began. 
When Wheldon purchased the 
former chairman Keith Coomb's 
431.800 shares for an undisclosed 
.sum, he called for an immediate 
improvement in results and gates. 

City have carried on losing and 
the last two attendances slumped to 
an all-time low of less than 7.000. 

Wheldon's cost cutting has fallen 
repeatedly in his first month. The 
ground maintenance m a n , the 
promotions manager, the dob 
accountants, sundry office, ground, 
and commercial staff, and the firm 
who handled security have gone. 
Telephones have been discontinued, 
office heaters turned down. 

A 70-year-old pensioner looks 
after the entire stadium's mainten- 
ance while the players talk of no 
heating in the dressing rooms either. 
Cuts on the coacMog, training, 
scouting side are inevitable. Sup- 
porters now regard Birmingham as 
on tbe same downward route as the 
Midland neighbours Wolverhamp- 
ton Wanderers. 

A season ticket holder said: “The 
tragedy is that 99 per cent of ns here 
tonight expected Altrincham to 
beat ns." 

The hand of 
packs punch 

By Give White 

Nottingham Forest ............0 

PSV Eindhoven : ...4 

Altrincham thoughts turn 
to General Chemicals 

lAimncnam away to fori. City) 

Hotspur 0 Liverpool 3 

Crewe 4. Stockport County 1. Dartngton 2. 
Chesterfield 0: Yortc 0. Potnemam 0; 
Postponed Rochdale v Chester Southern 
section: Aldershot 0. Cambridge United i. 
Bristol City 0. Plymouth Argyte D. Exeter City 1. 
Wolverhampton Wanderers 1. Onom 3. 
Bournemouth i. Colchester Unftaa 4. 
. Soutnend umed 1 

WELSH CUP: Fourth round: Wrexham 8, 
Bndcnna Town 0 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Southern division: 
IVoodtora Z Hastings 2 

, VAUXHALL-OPEL LEAGUE: Premier division: 
i Eaoixpi 0. Hayes 2. Leyton Wingate 2. Avetoy t, 
Walton ana Herehain 4 h anpunZ. 

GOLA LEAGUE: Runcorn 2 FnchleyZ 
MjJLTIPAfTT LEAGUE: Macclesfield 0, 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: First division: Leeds 1. 
Snetfiew Unted 2. Manchester Cny 2. Hull City 
0. Wgan Ariose 2. Leicester i; Second 
divrsian: Bradford City 1. Sunderland 1: 
Gnmsuy Town 3. Stone City 0: Postponed: 
Rot hertunt v Preston 

2 OPR 3 Crystal Pataca 0 Bffmngham Dry 0; 
Ipswoi Town 0 Chelsea 3. Ponsmoutti 0. 
Milne* 2. Swansea City 0 Norwich City 7. 
LONDON SENIOR CUP: First round: Haringey 

Borough 3 BromfevZ 

CUP: Third round: Rotherham 1 . 
Nates County 2 

KENT SENIOR CUP Garrtoid 2 Torondge 1 
OTHER MATCH i-okm* 2 . Hanow Borough fi 

Altrincham were yesterday trying 
to gel iheir feel back on the ground 
for two cup matches of a less 
illustrious nature. The manager. 
John King, said: ‘T m still savouring 
the mo mem. We haven't even 
thought about the next round. We 
play Bangor in the FA Trophy 
second round on Saturday and next 
Tuesday we're due lo meet General 
Chemicals in the Cheshire Senior 

'■We'll be cast in the role of giant 
rather than giant-killer in both those 
games and we don't need any 
reminding that wc could find 
winning even harder than it was at 
Birmingham. It will really be a case 
of coming back to earth - and we 
have to try and come down without 
too much of a bump." 

Altrincham would prefer to get 
back to the serious, business of 
winning the Gola League. The 
chairman. Nod While, said: 
“Beating a first division club like 
Birmingham City is a massive boost 
lo our prestige - but it doesn't get 
you membership of the Football 
League, and that must be our 
priority. • 

"What we must do 15 win the 
Gola League championship and 

then we shall have an excellent 
chance of a place in the fourth 
division. This nas been our number 
one priority for many years. 

“Having said that, the manager, 
his staff and the team all deserve to 
be in the spotlight after the win at St 
Andrews. They were absolutely 
brilliant and proved once again that 
we have no reason to worry about 
League football." 

The former Birmingham goal- 
keeper, Jeff Wcaia n ds. made some 
fine saves towards the end of 
Tuesday night’s jpune to make sure 
Altrincham stayed in front. He was 
released by Birmingham three years 
ago. after a dispute with the 
manager. Ron Saunders. 

Wcaiands said: “From a personal 
point or view it was a very sweet 

Yesterday’s results 

WELSH CUP: Sidy 1 . Swansea City Z 
WISH L EAGUE: Crusadan 2. CaltanWte 1. 

Ptymoum Argyfei. 


Ftofca 13. Royal Navy 9. 

The term “friendly match" can 
seldom have carried more signifi- 
cance than it did at the City Ground 
last night, when the English 
returned to tbe European play- 
ground 'for the first time since the 
violence of an evil few 'caused the 
deaths of 39 persons 1 at the 
European Cup final , in Brussels last 

Whether or not the hand of 
friendship which was extended 
across the' Channel last night by 
PSV Eindhoven, eventually leads to 
. a full embrace from all our 
European cousins and at all levels of 
the game, depends upon our own 
good behaviour and acts of 
friendships such as this one. 

This game was staged at the 
instigation of the Dutch, after FIFA 
last month lifted the world ban on 
English clubs in non-competitive 
matches. And who better to renew 
European links than Nottngham 
Forest, England's most successful 
ambassadors at the turn of the 

There has been a close assoaation 
between the two clubs since Forest 
defeated PSV 4-1 in a UEFA Cup tie 
three years ago. The dubs have even 
exchanged goalkeepers during the 
lost couple of seasons, and both 
performed last night Sagers for 
Forest, the still popular Van 
Breukclcn for PSV. 

Judging by the enlightened play of 
the Dutchman, the English maybe 
in for a few surprises if and whim 
they return to European compe- 

It may have been a non-competi- 
tive match, but PSV, the runaway 
leaders of the Dutch league, looked 
pretty serious last night as they 
nimbly and skilfully sliced their way 
through the Forest defence to take a 
two-goal lead in the opening 13 

Thoresen, the captain of Norway, 
brought an international flavour 
and his immense skill to the 
occasion by scoring both goals, one 
a firmly driven left-foot shot 
presented to him by Melgod, 
Forest's Dutchman, ana the other 
an equally firm header. 

It was hard to believe that the 
Dutch side's European season has 
been almost as empty as Fo rest' s; 
they were recurved from the UEFA 
Cup in the second round by the 
Soviet side. Dnepropetrovsk. 

The Eindhoven team contained 
nine foil internationals of one 
nationality or another last night, 
and a No 9 who once played for 
Hull City. Rob McDonald, never- 
theless. laid on tbe .third goal for 
Heintzc. a Danish youth inter- 
national. before Thoresen scored his 

Both clubs made several substi- 
tutions. and Forest, in their defence, 
included a few reserves, such as 
Palin and Chctteler. who were 
maki ng their debuts. 

The crowd, inevitably a small one 
ai 4,298. most importantly accepted 
the defeat with grace. 


I Buaarwontt. B Gunn, J Matgod. N Wahb/J 
Robsmon. L PaBn. G Mas, P DavanpereC. 

PSV EINDHOVEN: H rtn Brauferiwc E Gants. 

E Brandts. F Amasen. J Hafanzs, T LoWwfl. M 
vafte, W van dar Kstktaf. R MeOonakL R 
GiA. H Thoraasn. 

M DHnDMaa (NoutnghamL 

Year Prize Fund 

1986 £600,000 

£445,000 . 
£ 200.000 








can prevent the 1 8- year-old Whn- 
bledon champion from becoming 

one of the greatest players- of all 

But his development must be- 1 
carefully tempered, for sheer brute 
strength & one of his prime assets, 
along with the stamina that comes 
with iL This had been 'amply 
demonstrated just a short while 
before Becker got his hands on his 
chocolates when Tie had weathered a 
spectacular challenge from Paul 
Annacone in the first round of the 
Nabisco Masters here at Madison 
Square Garden. In the- end 
Annacone got tired and Becker did 
not. That feet alone played a big 
part in the West German's 3-6, 6-3. 

6-2 victory. 

■ Anyone who watched Annacone 
reach the final of the world doubles 
at the Albert Hall last week may 
have a fair idea of how "he plays 
singles because the. difference is not 
greaL He plays singles as if Christo 
van Rensberg was still there beside 
him. One shot and in: block the 
return; get to tbe net and leave your 
opponent to make up his mind how 
to pass you. 

Against less formidable 01 
sit ion he might have prospered/ As 
it was. Annacone broke Becker's 
service, by seizing the net position 
and forcing .errors in the sixth game 
of the first set and went on to win it 
6-3. At that stage Becker was 
looki ng faintly distraught. 

But two double faults helped the 
West German to an early break in 
the second- set and slowly the 
Wimbledon champion began to 
work his wa 

with an exjriosive rim of f~3 
consecutive points in the third as 
the American began to fade. In was 
a fine effort from the 22-year-old 
New Yorker. We will be hearing 
much more from him this year. 

After all -the dramas surrounding 
Jimmy Connor’s withdrawal with 
influenza, -Andres Gomez retired for 
the night not quite believing how his 
day had panned out. He was. stiff in 
Washington DDC at 5.0 pm but by 
9.0 he was on court at the Garden, 
whipping down' his huge left-handed 
services to such good effect that he_| 
demolished the Fren chman, Henri 
Leconte, 7-6. 6-1. 

And whpt of&tefeu Edberg^ thq 
hero of Sweden’s Davis Cup 
triumph in Munich? The golden I Putting often seems a, separate art 
sun-tan he collected while' winning I from' the rest: of the game and 

Challengr in South Africa and the 
n Tinhfn Cup at St Andrews, which 
have limited fields." -. 

Even sa the rapid increases in the 
Open championship, prize funds 
(when the Open was last held at 
Tumberry. in. T97* there, was 
£100.000 at slake) suggest .. that a. 
c ham pionship worth £1 .million will K 

,1*, m 

announced ' that* for the 1986: fro™ ™ ^ the- number of 

championship there wiU be only one ^^^5° ^ ** ■ 

are not otherwise exempt, 1 
a direct passport into .the 
three-year, exemption, instead of' 1 
one year, has also been granted to ’ 
ihe champions of the British PGA, 
US Master, US PGA and US ■ 
Tournament Players’- . . . duunpiq^ 


tournament immediately prior to 
the Open (this year it is the Cir Care 
Plan International) and deleted the 
exemption for the winner of the 
Safari Tour. . . . • ; 1 ■ 

prize-money since 




£ 100,000 

Winner's Prize 
£70,000 - 
£65,000 i 
£32,000.. . 


£ 10,000 

1 Whiner 

S Lyle 

S Ballesteros 
T Watson 
T Watson 
W Rogers . . _ 
S Ballesteros 

J Nicklaus 


! StUflorga's 
St Andrews 
Royal Bbkdale 
Royal Troon 
Royal St George's - 
Mulrfiekf ■='. -7 - 
Royai Lytnam & r' 

St Andrews '. 
Ttirnbeny . 

Prize-money at 
leading eyents 

; way into the match,- finally 
it from Annacone’s snap 

Nissan Cup' 
World Cup 
US Masters 
US PGA Chfi 
World Series ( 

-j ^ 1 

(US£ *7971202 V 
V 700,909 ' 

- 699*300-. 

: 609300 
600,000 - 

Sefko-TUCKXI MatehpteyflJS) 489-510 
US Open 1 . 464545 » 

British Masters (1985 flaizochooo i Lyle: extra £5*000 If he wins 
Pansonlc Euro Open {1985^^-200,006 _ Oj pffl q ^ia 1 — 

of black magic box 

■■ ■ 1 ^rora^fO&n Bhlhntin^ P^iii S^fiii^ <•' V- ••••- - - j 

the Australian Open has faded.and 
the pale shadows of winter are 
reflected on the young Swede's face. 
These victories drained him and a 
lingering virus has momentaraiiy 
sapped his resolve. He fought back 
well to lake the second set off -Johan, 
Kriek but faded again in the third 
and needs a little white to recharge 
his batteries. Tony Pickard is with 
him and the pair will work towards 
a new beginning in P hiladel phia in 
two weeks' rime. 

HRST ROUND; M Wflandar 

E B-3, 6-1; B Btckar . 
3-6. 6-3, B-& J KrMc 
6-2. 4-8, 6-2. 

bt-P Annacone 
M S Edwu 

Durie beats seed 

Worcester, Massachusetts 

{Reuter) - Jo Durie was one of three, 
players who pui out seeded players 
on the opening day of the New 
England tournament here. She. beat 
Kathy Jordan, of the United Steles, 
the 14ih seed, 6-4, 6-1. Andrea 
Temcsvari. of Hungary, the 1 2th 
seed, was beaten 7-6, 7-5. 7-6 by 
Pam Casale, of the United States, 
and Stephanie Retie, seeded 13th. 
fell lo veteran Joanne RusseO, 6-4, 
4-6. 6-3. 

nothing is more frustating than to 
hit firm, accurate strokes on the 
green and yet see the ball constantly 
skate harmlessly across holes or hit . 
rims and jump out' - 

So it was surprising to see 
Bernhard Longer, who we thought 
had mastered the gentle art as far as. 
any human can be saidlb have (tone, 
employing in the Bob Hope Chrys ter 
Classic here yesterday the same 
bizarre putter he used, in the 
Tournament ofChampions lastweek. 

This putter should really be seen 
lo be . appreciated in all its 
complexity. Looking down, the shaft 
at. address one appears to see four 
balls in line with tbe bole. This is 
because behind the narrow blade, 
and the ball are -positioned three 
more hails, made of plastic. They 
are all. encased in a black plastic box 
which, in order to comply with the 
rule that a putter blade must not be 
deeper than it is wide, forms a thin. 
“01!” at the- rear of the contraption. 

Langer holed some remarkable 
putts with this freakish instrument 

pracucr green, yesterday. "Nearby, 
Roger Maltbifc, another devotee of 
an instrument whidi looks a r littie 
like a Steinway seen, from the, 
'■gods-m the AlbFt«fan^’nodde4. * | . 

• Deane Beman. the ifonnnissionCr 
o f the US tour, has caused something - 
of a surprise by announcing that be 
T urnberry in July. Be man. who is 47, 
is a former United States and British 
amateur champion and won four 
titles on- the PGA tour before 
becomLagde4kbound ) 3 years ago. ' 

. “I wouldn't want to go over to 
Scotland and embarrass myself so I 
won’t make a decision until April,”' : 
Bern an said. The biggest embarrass- 
ment would-be if Beman were to be -■ 
paired m the first round with r 
Severiano Ballesteros, the man he 
banned from the United States tour 
last year. 

world's largest -public relations firm. 
Burson-Marstelier, has been' ap- 
pointed public relations consultant 
for the. 1 988 ia the South 

Kocan capital of Seoul, the ‘ 
company said in Hong. Kong 

and may continue to do so before 
returning , to the more traditional 'ye^erday. 

Club, as be is bound to do. “It Burson-Marsieijcr, an 'American 
definitely helps . me to fine up company, said it had . signed a 
better,” the German .explained, c ontra ct, with the Seoul Olympic 
albeit a little defensively, on the Orga n i zin g Co mmitt ee (SLOOC) In 

• Seoul recently. ' - 


Radleians set the pace 

. James Male, the new amateur 
champion, and his partner, Julian 
Snow, eliminated David Pease and 
Michael Brookes from, die amateur 
doubles championship,- sponsored 

n Celcstion loudspeakers, 15-10, 
-2. 15 - 5. 15 - 4- in. a second 
round match at Quedi's Club on 

Male and Snow won the public 
schools' doubles championship for 
Radley in 1982: Pease, in 1979. and 
Brookes, in 1983, were toting 
finalists for Eton. 

The Radleians look an early lead 
in the first game, with Snow . 
dominating tbe front of tire court, ' 
exploiting the angles -with quick 
reflexes. The Etonians mustered a 

counter-attack to lead 8 - 6, bm 
Male and Snow increased the pace. 

Severity arid precision of service 
took the Radleians to 10 - 0 in the 
second' game, which they won in 
comforL There were some excellent 
rallies in the third game, : but 
incessant pressure wore down the 
Etonians. - ■ 

gEOON E RQUNft J State and J Snow bt D 

r gWorook and R -Sutton tit D Watkins and J 
BdMrtw. IS* TM. IB-14. 15-111 ; 

Chelsea sell ont 

Chelsea have sold all 46,700 seats 
available for lhe ; FA Cfop fourth 
round match against Liverpool, on 
Sunday. January 26. 





. OSAKA: tatamabonal Moor naming: JUS 
1 iirnss stazBOJ. Mm BUnc l. B Jonroon (Can) 
fiSOsec l*ofM ffKJoor dkt] 60m Iwnfle* l. 
: MeKoy (Can) 757 BOOm: 1. P Dragonescu 
j (Rom) liM 51 3290C UODK J. M Huarat 
, (Aus) 3 54 14 Rote Vault 1. S Bubka lUSSR) 
1 587m (•»«*« nlOQf bast) Trtpta Jump: 1. C 
• Simpkins 17 iQm KUh jump: 1. J Howard 
230m Long turn l Mytioia 8 22m women: 
60m: i M Oney-Pago (Jam) 7 2< SOmtudtea: 
, 1. G Num (A«s) 825 400m: 1. C C Mam 
; [Rom ) 54 12 800m: 1.0 Mounts (Rom) 2 05 82. 
3,000m: 1. M Puca [Rom}9C1 84 High jump: 
. t. V Browne (Aus) 1 91m. Long Jump: 1. V 
loneseu (Rom) 8 76m. 


: Qua rt er- flout Scavofcnt PesfffO (It) 109. 
! Barcelona 106. Group Quarter 
rNagnta Joventui Baoalona (SOI 98. CSKA 
! Moscow 84; Slade Frances vTawHW 129. 
,Vewy Basket (Swttl) 57 „ _ 

1 KORAC CUP: Quarter-flnti: Bcsne Sarafavo 
•B7.ChaBans(FfJ9Z. „ 

EUROPEAN CUP (Women): Queter-fltiM, 
. Droop A Prnsgl Weetua (it) 82. Partisan 

□elm jflu 58 

RONCHEITI CUP, Qwip C: Budapest Sport 
EwasuW (Hurt 7fi. SISV Bata warfloTO 71. 

I UNITED STATES: Natteml Assodatton (NBA):. 
Los Angstas Lakers 142. Rrarm Suns 122; 
, PTUdatphia 76ent 123. New Jersey Ne» 105; 
Aruma Hawks 115. Sacramerto Kims 104; 

• Portland TnrtBlazare 120. Clewland Cavatara 
■ 108: watftatgton Bullets 117. Chicago Buis 
> 1 13: Uteti Jacz 105. Houston Rockets TOE 

' dhrWoic Sharp ManeMsttr UrtW i « (W 
Brown 25) London Docklanas. Crystal Palace 
' 98 (Seaman 33). 

TOUR MATCH: Adetetde: Oxford & Cambridge 
UmrersHS 3S5-3 ODC (J Carr n 3 not out S 
Hsreerson 100 not out} ana 129-4. AUetajda 
Um 137 an a W6-9 WC p Robertson I10J. 
QafCamp unwswonPyBwWs. 



Bremen: Sb-day race (stalk OevK 1, R PJwn 
i Nert) & Frank (Den; 621 KS. 2. D Thurau (WG) 
599 3. S Toume (Bel) E de WWe (Bel) §79 
omer placing^. G Wiggins (Aus| A Doyle (GBJ 

WORCESTER, Massactnisens: New England MEOfeVE. France: RAF O ba wpiani Wp : Mar- 

Classic Woman's tournament Ftra round (US 

[Wtass stated): S Parkhomenko (USSTb fct C 
Bflf^annn. 7-5. 7-6; M Torres bt Hu Na (CmaL 
§-7. 7-5. 6-4; R Fartar* (SA) bt A lean. &&T- 
5. TSctieuer-Larsen (Den! bl P Louie. 7-5. 6-3: 

SMesrartn bt P Paratfa (Fa 7-5. 6-E H Ketaa 
(Can) bt L s»d»flke (USSR). &-3. 5-3: C 
i^Kto«5t ISwa) K K Maleeva (Bul). 6-0. 7-5: P 
Casale a a Temenan (Hunk 7-5. 7-5. C 


NORTH AMERICA: National League . 
Ptwadeipna Flyers 3. New Jersey Devils 
Winnipeg Jets 5. Quebec Nortfloues 4; CalgaY 
Flames 4. Wastangton Capitals 3: Ch«SS 
Sack Hawks 3. Mnnesofeftxtt Sum 3 O-TJ: 
New York Rangeis 2. Vancouver Canucks 1. 


LOUGHBOROUGH, world proffMiORtl ehnm- 
Bentwtt 3-Q Game scores [Dagtay tog 400- 
148. <00-180.400-107 


Chapel ADerton 3. SSmcea Armtoy fc Oiminn 
MU 2. Letaester. 3; . .Prlqiy \ 

Aroieigh M a Nottingham 4. MancheKH’- 
Northern 1. . 


University 2. Cheaml- 

KuWman M J MunpeB (SA). W. 6-2: T PIWps 
ta M Mwkw (Nert). 7-6. M; C Sara (Frl M S 
Hanfta pYG). wto; M van Nostrati ot S Cekn 
rrug). 04. 6-1; S Ceocfwii «) HK Horvath. 0-Z 
6-<: J ftjra (08) M K Jortan. 6-t. 6-1, • 
Russes tx S Rene. B< 4-6. 6 - 3 . 


sto gi es, flm round: C Baefctiouse (Can) tx Lb 
I (TBL 1 1-a. 1 1-4; Amy Chan (HKJ H 
- TaO. 11-7. 11-1; J Fatanleau 
' 'Homi (Tai). 1S-11. 11-9; 
- ... JW Chong Hsiao-Fto (Tai). 

11-12, fl-3. 11-10: Lsdawan Mutasansathom 
FfhaQ tt Otuana Fu4M (TaO. 11-2. 11-2; 
□ten Hsm (Tai) &( Poor War Na (MQ, 11-6. 
11-7; LBWy T«fe (Morten) M Wang Kaiao- 
TsuL 11-3. 11-4; Kang CWa-W (7*1 « Tong 
Chuft-Mu (HK). 8-11, 11-0, M-l. 


Polytechnic 40. Leeds Unto 2ft Bradford Ilia 
16. H u ddwafle t d PoTy 21; Lancaator Poly 12, 

atstfon tan event: gtant Stabm and speoal 
fctetortt 1. RAF Costard: 2. Austrian defence 
force; 3. RAF Kmrcos 
MOUNT GABRIEL, Cnadta Wortd Cop 
freeaMe: Mon. Aerials: 1. Y Laroche (Can) 
207 Si GB ptaOnq- 15 , R WMace 132.7ft 
Baflet 1. H Rettwaar (WGJ, 27 5. GB 
piaenas: 11 . VAttace. 23 /It zL MWheMw: 

D Lewis. Hearts: 1 . S Deaoven (US). 2U2. 
GB ctaongs: 38. Wanes; 44. S Baynes. 
Combtocct 1 , j Witt (US). <& 9. WaBacs. (ft 

KLMGENTHAL, East Germany; Wwnert* 
world 09 senes [< * 4 5 km cross coumy 
relay): 1. East Germany (Jaceb-Anonq, 
KuMfflB. Cpit:. Nestier], lhr 8mtn SSsec; 2. 
Fsuand (Mssmcm. Svavotafeien, Hyflaemen 
Madtidnen). 1:11015; 3. Sweden (Jaftaoneaon. 
Larason, From LauitwraL i:ii:ift 
80H&U. Yugosfnta: Wood Cup 

IiSkmti.TMotaen |9we). 37mm . . . . 

Sven (Swe). 37S3& 3. V Utamg (NaJ. 3M2.0. 
OnwaS aandlngs: 1. 6nn 
Sft ft V Snimcv (USSRL 43; 

(Nor). 43- 




SLSrfS’Sfis, s 

5hr 4745 (talfo: 2, J-C OSvier {TwnrttaL 
fete 01: ft A Harmoni (Twtanel &5421 
Ovaraft Can: 1 . Meue-LmHae (Rothrams 

. . . Metae-umoyae . 

Porscna). 2fihr Sfenh 49aec (pan^sat 
— ' - nML 22:47. 



tckx-feasseur (Rottanans 

Colea 6ft SheRW Poly 1ft ShMeid Unkr 6. 


ft Lartguo-ffirwa ( Udri, 5fc4M». M otet- 
cycles: VC Neveu (Rcrtmsns HonctaL 38tw 
55mm <3ac; 2, G Lslay (Rothmans Honda). 
40-3534,-3. A Batas&tert (Honda). 41283ft 


Bake well in team which toured S A 

Enid BakewelL a former England 
cricketer, was yesterday named as 
one of the 12 women who took part 
in an unofficial tour 10 South Africa. 
Mrs Bakcwcll. aged 44 and a 
raotber-of-three who was an 
England regular in the late 2960s 
and 70s. is the best known name to 
emerge so for. 

All 12 members of the team, 
which played two one-day unofficial 
internationals and two matches 
against provincial sides before 
leaving South Africa this week, have 
been banned from taking cart in 
England's summer's scries against 

More cricket, page 31 

ATHLETICS: Ben Johnson, of 
Canada, trimmed O.Wsec off the 
tight-year-old indoor 60 meres 
mark in Osake yesterday. Johnson’s 
was one of two indoor world bests at 
the international meeting which 
attracted American and Soviet 
athletes. Sergei Bubka, of the Soviet 
Union, added the indoor pole vault 
best to bis outdoor record when be 
cleared 5.87 marcs. Johnson 
docked 6.S0scc to break Houston 
McTear’s record of 6.54 set in 1978. 
BOBSLEIGH: The Swiss driver, 
Heinz Schmid, has died of head 

injuries whit* be received in a crash 
during the Swiss two- man cham- 
pionships in St Moritz. Schmid, 
aged 39 and a driver since 1979, 
died on Tuesday night after being in 
a coma since the accident on 

RUGBY LEAGUE: Suspensions 
imposed by the disciplinary com- 
mittee last week were reduced by an 
appeals board in Leeds- yesterday 
afternoon. Four-match hana - on 
David Bull 0 Ugh, of F ulham t and - 
Paddy Tuimavave, ofSwinton, wens 
cut to two and one respectively. 

• . Hunslet yesterday .made a 
double bid for Oldham’s . transfer - 
listed stand-off Ian Birkby and 
utility man Tom Madiola. Birkby; 
currently on loan to tbe Yorkshire 
sKk. is listed at £ 12,000 and 
Madiola £4.000. 

CYCLING: Gregor Braun, of Wen 
Germany, postponed his-, latest 
attempt to break the world one-hour 
record, at the Olympic Velodrome 

tn Mexico City yesterday, becausebf 
cold weather. Braun, who fiukd in 
his initial attempt in December, wiQ 
try again today. 

BADMINTON: Claire Backhouse, 
of Canada, tbe 1989 United States' 
and Canadian Open Women's 

chammon, crashed' Lai 
Hsiao- Y mg. of Taiwan, 11 - 3 , ij -4 
yesterday on the opening day ’of the 
Taipa Masters . tournament In 
soother Canadian success, Johanne 
Fhtadau beat Ting Chiu-Hung 1> 

BASKETBALL' Birmingham Bul-' 
*5“ ■« »? appeal tt> the English 

against tneir 
twcwnatch ban on Art Ross, the first 
divoious dub American coach. 

we question the whole validity 

foe suspension," 
Bernard GaBagher, Birmingham's 
owner said. 

Jtaas incurred three technical 
offences in Birmingham*! match at 
Sunderland on December 21, the 
second of which was awarded 

Sattcdars Carigberg Srst division 
at Hjojdv Eater BracfaidL 

JSfoJSrinftuP ^ which 

oTfera over £10.000 m prize money, 
vjff g bc nm at i0 imjor meefii^in 

Honjr UK rajr the 
pr^te comjtetttnre ^ exciting, 
oae-modd raerng at low lever - 


White shown 
quick exit 
from Ostend . 

Jimmy White,, the winner of tin 
Mercantile Credit Oassie or 
Sunday, made a quick exit’ from th< 
Belgian Masters at ' Ostend « 
Tuesday night .when be was- beater 
5-3 byTony Knowles. ;. 

White . made a . good start bj 
winning the first frame with a break 
of 81 but Knowles recovered his 
touch to go 4-1 ahead. White came 
back strongly to reduce the lead to 
4-3, winning the seventh frame on 
the blade baff. but Knowles won the 
next decitiveiy to put himself .into 
the semi-finals, where he will racei 
Te riy G rtffiihsL. : - • . 

% SMft AM. 72-21, 41-78, 5368. 







- 01 





45 105 

— ; 


SO 130 



:• *3 

• 90 



— . 

' ^ 

■ -J 

' 90 ISO 


90 240 

' — '.- 


90 140 



40 100 



St Anton 

c *0WWRte Upper nxac runs aw 
snow, on a firm boss. Udde’i 
? m PWit, new snow on a flm ba 
*'9»»;,runs conitaKa. new anew 
tasa vertical iuta ifffeit n 
Uft nso* cfnr. Snow tavrt ftHRXt 

g*™” oompMr, mat: «ow;Tow 

K)0ft.jjaiTOC8 ctaan.htaw ratals d 

.JBWlftOOOtL .. 

Locfat Upper run* rona'corapfatt, 1 
eonr. new snow oo a ftra be98. il 
nra ccmpleta, «Ue snow cover, nei 
e firm ba|«. Lore slope* *n&- 
■att war snow m a firm twm.- V 
700ft ramtati:-- 

OSteHEfcNo reports 

SKI JUMPHVG- MasahiroAiathc 
to. of Japan, reon hb coim&ysfin 
tpfonutidnal evtinof iheseasOTb 
-gaining2l-7,6. pointuiL an 3®43jbtr 
■competition ycstenlay. - Akbnoti 
had tbe lor^a -hgwy QgVWma 
m - his first jump ' managed 8^ 
metres in his **mrrp ■ ■ [:r 



i Inter fir 
: choice 

• ' :;-f •*? 

■ • 







■ -x. 

* .3 


■ v; 

. ,J1 ^ 



:: : y 

■ 1 „ 


' !n «: 197] 

' ~ ; >?i 
’ J ,v** 

. _ -it 

» v 


^ $ 

. Sebwtian.Coe expects to run 
3 , 000- metres intheAAA indoor. 
rhMmj HOMshgps' at Cosfbrd on 

Saturday, went , The long- 
awaited transition to 1 racing 
twelve and altalflaps outdoors, 
instead of twoor four, will have 
began.-. • 

It t«aids to be forgotten that 
in ins. fast yratt’ of serious 
n o|imtaf competition at the age 
of id Coe ran four, times over 

3.000 metres. . It was at this 
pddbf flat. his fiuhe^. Peter 
Coe, rafosedl'the importance of 
bringing a : growing boy’s dis- 
taiKx aown, so that he would 
not be running marathons by 
bis m|d-20s. That' decision, 
»aif»i for psychological reasons.' 
has procfoced . 23. years of: 
memorable performances. ■ .■■ 

The' runner himself had 
intended to make tlwr switch to 

5.000 metres last season after 
the • Cos Angeles Olympic 
Games with a view to tackling 
the longer distances in the 
Commonwealth Games . and 
European Championships this 
year. Annoyingly, back and calf 
injuries forced postponement of 
experimental racing, though he 
still managed some df ‘ the 
fastest times of the year at 800 
and 1,500 metres. 

What that experience has told 
him is twofold: that he is still 
potentially a candidate for the 
two shorter distances this 
season, including the European 
800 metres title which has twice 
eluded him, and that the arena 
of Yifter and Bait, .who 
competed at the highest level of 
middle-distance tunning in the 
30s, is awaiting him if he has . 
the thirst, _...; . . ...... 

“Age is not any indication of 
fitness”, Coe-says.- “Certainly, 
there are dungs- you can : get 
away with at 20 which you can't 
at 30 but. on the physiological 
(actor rcould be running as fest 
next year, as .^ve years ago.. 
Yifter- and Boit achieved some - 
fine performances when older 
form l am,” • ‘ 

The first choise is whether to 
run -foe JL500 or 3,00 metres 
next weekend, .having entered ' 
for berttb.: H«s Training form 
suggests to. him he is ready for 
the longer one, which he last 
won in 1981. If the result is to 
bis satisfaction be will run a 
five-mile road race in early 

ByDarMMIIkr ; 

Febrnaryand foot consider the 
E urope an indoor ctamjrion- 
shipi in Madrid two weeks 
later. . not I- hairing ; competed 
since foe. record 800 metres in 
Saa-Sebastian in l9T7 for his 
first intenwtional title. 

- The jdan-for the summer is to 
. mri probaHy both 800 and 
' 1,500 metres; at the Common-. 
..wealth Games and .then rfarJrfo 
. whether to repeat (hat attempt 
in, Stuttgart -of. gamble on a 
“Wind” attempt at;! the 5,000 
metres, depending on how 
. training has gone in the critical 
period of Apnl and May. 

“last year -I .'was wanting a 
quiet season anyway," fib says. , 
“But the injuries meant that I;' 
lost much of the limited racing I 
bad. planned and the oppor- 
tunity of prep ari ng properly' 
before switching to the 5,000. If 
T am going to run that distance' 
in the world championships- in 
1987. I must ", have ' some 
experience this year. Pressure of 
the calendar these days doesn't 
givo; you the time to make 
considered decisions. 

'. “A transition to 5,000 usually 
takes . two schsontf racing and' 
lots have failcd- Walker never 
made it, Ovett doesn't fhney ft, 
Moorcroft . fbvmd it- difficult 
even though he ran that- 
marveDous record time. Td like 1 
to keep an open mind for this 
year and see how events go. I 
would be running' raw if ! went 
for the 5,000 in Stuttgart and 
not just m a one-off but with 
heats. Physically, 1 could man- 

age that if I'm in sha pe but 
mentally Td be running without 
raring experience over twelve 
and a 

Coe: the big switch 

The safest bet for this year, he 

agrees with his lather, would be 
to stay with the 800 and 1,500 
metres. On-last year’s evidence, 
the man he would have to fear, 
over 800 would be Cram, if] 
Cram should enter both events} 
in Stuttgart, which he has never! 
done. Cram’s own injury 
problems are unlikely to en- 
courage him to risk five of six 
races- in a week. And Cram 
himself has to determine his 
course: will he be young enough 
in his 28th year to go for the 
1,500 metres for foe third time 
in foe Olympics in 1988, or 
should he, too. switch to foe 
longer race? 

The ; speculation 
Coe is whether he wifi stUjU 
against his own expectation in 
1984, be running in Seoul in 
1988. Two years ago he thought 
he would have had enough and 
that he could not take the, 
frightening emotional stresses off 
a third Olympic campaign. . 

Yet last year’s injuries have 
somewhat altered foe terrain. 
He knows that it requires two 
seasons to. justify himself at 
5,000 metres and his nature is 
not such that- he would commit 
himself to the training' without 
wanting to prove his capability 
on foe track. The past has 
demonstrated his determination 
when racing, so the probability 
is that, barring further injury 
setbacks, be may attempt in 
‘1988 to become an Olympic 
champion across foe widest 
range yet witnessed. 

His good fortune is that, since 
1984, bis guaranteed commer- 
cial income off the' track is 
sufficient for him not to need to 
seek foe money now available 
from racing. He can therefore 
pick his races, as, indeed, be has 
always done, exclusively on 
their importance to his raring 
schedule. There are few top 
runners who have that advan- 
tage, or that discernment, and 
foe security his non-running 
income provides may make 
Seoul seem increasingly appeal- 


T ’ O 


iv *!!*■• 


Chuter first 
as supremo 

By Jim Railton - 

The Amateur Rowing Associ- 
ation (ARAJ is to appoint a supremo 
to take charge of Britain's inter- 
national programme including the 
selection of national crews. The tide 
win be director of inte r nati o nal 
rowing and the first refusal wffl be 
the prerogative of Penny Chuter, the 
ARA's present director of coaching. 
The new post will be subject to a 
review at the end of each Olympiad. 

At present Miss Chuter is on 
‘ holiday 1 in^Onro Tunni ng an 
international (federation (FISA) 
course for underdeveloped, coun- 
tries. But she must have tod s ome 
inMfajl of the offer before she 
departed. By the time the new 
appointment is taken up the present 
Olympiad is likely to be almost half- 
way through and it, win be most 
m na t i ffftic tnTy to be judged bn two 
years’ pr e par ations and results in 
the 1988 Olympic regatta in Seoul. 
Miss Chuter will have to weigh the 
risks carefully. If the new post Is 
■accepted she will vacate tor job as 
director of coaching which is 
vied with the same strings. 

There has been a demand for a 
supremo coach fbr some time.. The 
ARA wiQ expect a chief able to 
produce results like Thor Nielsen, 
the Norwegian who- worked won- 
ders in his own country, Spain and 
now Italy. According to 11 Giomo in 
1982, Nielsen commanded a basic 
salary of 550,000 and no doubt ft is 

The new chiefs survival will be 
based on results. Heorsbe win have 
ihe foil powers of selection, a 
separate budget for international 
rowing and an independent ad- 
ministrative machine; The new 
director appears, though this is hard 
to beikve, to be answerable to no 
one. Consequently there win be no 
need for a selection panel and the 
international rowing committee wifl 
be slimmed down and restr oenrrert . 

If Miss Chuter accepts the post, 
she wiD not be without her critics. 
The ARA appear to be treading 
carefully, fading they are nnfikdy to 
attract one of' the J very fe w to p 
coaches in. the wodd an a contract 
subject to a review in just over two 
years' time. The director designate 
should read the small prim carefully 
and go in hard with conditions of 

The ARA executive committee 
have formally accepted the Sports 
Council award of £992,000 in grant 
aid to the sport over the next four 

PemqrChuteR in Cairo 


Hughes’s best laid 
plans go awry 

From Ivo Tennant 
Cape Town . . . 

The third and foul International, 
match between South Africa and the 

today offers a better prospect of a 
positive, result than the first two. 
The Wanderers’ pilch looks to be a 
quick one and tins match, unlike the 
other two,, will be . played over five 

a while now, Kim Hughes,, 
captain of the Australians, has felt 
his best chance of winning the series 
would be here. His team have 
steadily been improving and the 
pitch, he reckons, would benefit his 
Unfortunately for him. his 
best laidpbns have gone awry. Four 
of his five fast and medium bowlers 
are troubled with injuries. 

Radceruann has a bronchafl 
infection and is on antibiotics, Hogg 
has a bruised bed, Alderman a 
strained, hip ' aod„ "McCurdy a 
recurrence of a hamstring injury, as, 
incidentally has Smith. Hughes will 
not name his side until this 
morning. Inadditio n , some of the 
Australians; are .having difficulty', 
aedimatisw to Johannesburg, 
which is at a higher altitude than the 

- .or • South Africa, their side 
packed foil of Transvaal : cricketers, 
there are no such wqrpes.- Their 
only change is to bring in van Zyl, a 
feist medium bowler, for Jefferies, 
Who bowled without penetration at 
NewJands. Kourie, the left-arm 
spinner, has- recovered from a badly- 
bruised knee. 

No one trained or practised 
harder yesterday than Rice, captain 
of Sout Africa. His reaction to the 
less than lukewarm reception from 

Barnett takes 
up captaincy 

Colombo (Renter) -- Kim Barnett 
wiD captain foe England B team for 
their three-day game a g ai ns t a Sri 
Lankan Board Preskfent’s XI 
beginning here today. Mark Nicho- 
las, the touring team’s captain, 
suffered a- gram Injury in the 
opening match against tire Sri 
Lankan Colts which ended in a draw 
on Tuesday and has been rested. 

- Maun, Smith and Cowans, who 
nil missed the opening game, have 
bees IndUded with Pringle, Agnew 
and Nicholas being left out The Sri 
Lankan selectors named n squad of) 

14 players, led by Sidath Wet- 
tummy, from whom a final side wifi 
be named today. 

ENGLAND ft W N Stedc. M D Moxon, C L 
Snfth. O W Randri. IK J Bamott. C W Attay, 

15 J Kudos. T M TfemtoU. N Q B Cook, 0 V 
Lawrence, N Q Cowans. 

the TCCB to his ambitions to play 
for England was that he would 
consider legal action on the grounds 
of restraint of trade. 

FOttMAHham.'P N KfettuvR Q PoBocfc, KA 

McKarnk 8 S La Roux. A J Kourto, Ifl V 

Jarewra, H A Pans, C 8 J P van Zyl 
AUSTRALIANS: (Frornt *KJ Hughes. J Dyson. 
S&ntth. Q SWppert. M 0 Tnytar. GYaJoa tS 
; Rlxan. P'N.Mr, T M AJdarman, C Q 
Hacfcamacm. R Hopo. M D Haysman, R 

McCurdy. THoflan.JMagu&u. TV Hohns. 

• MELBOURNE: The Indian 
wicketkeeper, Syed Kirmani, looks 
certain to miss today’s World Series 
Cup match against Australia at the 
Melbourne Cricket Ground (Reuter 
reports).. The 36-year-old veteran of 
85 Tests is. struggling to recover 
from a groin injury 



Students concede the 
honours to Bromley 

By Sydney Frisian 

Oxford University.™. — 
Bromley........ 5 

went an a scoring spree 
at the Parks yesterday and overran 
Oxford University to achieve their 
eighth victory from 14 matches in 
the Pizza Express London League 
and move from eighth to seventh 
place in the table.' .- 
. Oxford, who defeated Cheam 2-! 
on Tuesday, did. not have the 
resources to match the quick breaks 
of Bromley, whose forwards always 
moved in dose support, producing 
three goals for Barnett, their centre 


Despite the absence ofUkiah and 
Batstone, who were injured, Oxford 
lack of support fa Rush; theft mos 
enterprising forward, caused a 
repeated breakdown near, the aide. 
King and Richards having little 
trouble with theft-dcgraucc. 

After a quiet start, Bromley went 
dose to a score in the 18th minute, 
but Barnett was wefi tackled by 
Stoibani,. the Oxford g o alkeeper, 
who cleared from a sitting position. 
Two minutes later, Bromley earned 
a short corner from which Richards 
hit a post . 

The visitors had better luck from 
theft next short corner about a 
i ttfwH** before half-time; The shot 
by Richards was saved by Shaibani, 
tot the boll ran dear to the right, 
and Adams hit in a hard cross for 
Penfold to score. 

Oxford began the second half by. 
earning a short comer from which 
Barry’s powerful shot was saved by 
Entwistie. Bromley immediately 
broke away, and Barnett, went 
through on his own on the right to 
draw the-goallaseper out and score. 
Within two minutes Barnett threw 
himself forward to score with a 
reversed stick shot from a centre by 
Adams to complete a sequence in 
which Bromley had scored three 
gnaic jo wine mmuies. 

in the 3 7th minute, Passmore 
scored on the rebound at a short 
comer after the goalkeeper tod 
saved from Barden. Play had hardly 
restarted when Rash found a gap in 
the Bromley defence, and went 
through on the right to score with a 


Bid it was not hug before 
Bromley took command again and 
Barnett terminated a combined 
assault by scoring the fifth goal and 
his third. In foe end, Bromley war 
so superior foal they could have 
scored at least two more goals. ' 


BMtf » b3l eng}. P {Lon don u a Green 

tad«r pSw Edwiutf *, Bkndngham A 
uSrttfd. 0 VMn (King's Wbroesur & St] 
CrtwrfW H OUareom (Upfrintfan & 

BROMLEY: D Entwfetb; II Hchtrds feanQ, A' 
Ung, (Sub: S OrurnaiV 0 PwttkL T 
Pnaomcrt. M Aitklrac^ 0 Adams, 0 CoomtMra, 
B Butt H CTU W i it . J BwtWn. 

Umpkw: J RMf (Southern Counted and B 
Vhian (Oxford}. 


Locked in a battle for possession are (l®ft to right) Edwards, Harsey, O'Sullivan and Leat ha m (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Simpson to 
wait for 
Brain test 

Andy Simpson, the Sale booker, 
has been caDed up by England's 
selectors for today’s training, at St 
Mary's College, Strawberry Hill in 
Loon. He is needed as cover for 
Coventry’s Sieve Brain, who has a 
twisted ankle and may miss the 
game with Wales at Twickenham on 

If Brain foils a fitness test today, 
the England place will go to Alan 
Simmons of Wasps. Simpson wiD 
take up his usual seat in the west 
stand - he has been England's 
replacement hooker 17 times 
without ever winning a cap. “It’s a 
pretty good seat with a good view," 
he said. 

Simpson was dropped by the 
North after defeat by the Midlands 
m the divisional championship, a 
game in which he went off with a cut 
head when foe North led 3-0 and 
returned when they were 12-3 down. 
“Missing the next tw games was a 
big blow,” he said. “In feet that is a 
mild way of putting h. The whole 
thing was very disappointing." 

Brain is confident of playing 
against Wales. “If the improvement 
is maintained there will be .no 
doubts," he said yesterday. The 
swelling has gone down and I have 
been jogging." 

Don Gatherer, the England 
physiotherapist, will subject Brain 
to a fitness test at foe squad 
assembly this afternoon. “I've heard 
about Don's tests,'* the Coventry 
booker said. “You need to be 100 
per cent fit even to take part in 

Meanwhile in the enemy camp, 
Tony Gray, the Wales coach, is stili 
hoping to meet with Bob Fordham. 
the Australian referee who will be in 
charge of Saturday’s game. Follow- 
ing a training session at the WRU 
headquarters in Cardiff yesterday. 
Gray voiced his concern over the 
con fusion which has arisen in the 
interpretation of th new taw relating 
to the maul. 

Earlier this week the WRU called 
in foe Welsh international referee, 
Clive Noriing. to discuss the new 
law with foe players. Gray has 
already had Fordtoxn watched in 

David Pickering, the Welsh 
captain, was confident tat the Wesh 
Trill have n problems. “We have all 
played teams in London under 
London referees and we know what 
is exp ected," he said. 

Pickering was also sanguine about 
his team's prospects. “We don't fear 
foe venue ana we don't fear the 
England team, although we respect 
them," he said. “I know the 
bookmakers have tipped Wales and 
Scotland to rhniipng p for foe 
wooden spoon but I’m not a 
gambling man myself. I think it is 
the best thing that could happen - 
being foe underdogs. If you put 
people down they usually rise to foe 

Staff Jones, foe Pontypool prop, 
bas been called up to fill foe vacancy 
left among foe replacements by foe 
withdrawal of lan Stephens, who 
injured a calf muscle playing for 
Bridgend against Abertfflery las* 

Australian win is not 
without blemishes 


Rugby Correspondent 

South and SW Schools 0 

Australian Schools.... 15 

The Australian schoolboys main- 
tained their unbeaten record in foe 
eleventh game of their European 
tour at Sherborne yesterday, but 
they were not at foeir best. A 
chilling wind blustering out of foe 
west and foe tackling of a brave but 
outweighed South side saw to that, 
limiting them to three second-half 
tries and a penalty goal to niL In foe 
second half with the wind and 
sinking sun at their backs, it seemed 
if the huge Australian forwards 
would cany all before them but tbc 
South stuck to foeir unrewarding 

They had no bafl to play with but 
they tackled every Australian ball- 
carrier in sight; they had virtually no 
lineout presence against pack which 
included three players of 6fl 6in or 
over and after a brave struggle 
during the first half hour, foeir 
scrummage began to go backwards 

Indeed, foe Australian scrum was 
more effective when they lost 
Ofienbeig. foe 18st giant from foeir 
from row. His smaller but techni- 
cally more proficient replacement, 
Ryan, gelled better with his 
colleagues so that Kardooni. the 
South captain, had to live with some 
appalling ball: 

That we saw nothing of foe South 
backs as an attacking force was not 

Anderson more 
hopeful of 
facing France 

Willie Anderson, foe lock forward 
who stretched medial knee liga- 
ments at the weekend, will join foe 
Ireland squad in Dublin on Sunday 
and hopes to take pan in some light 
training (George Ace writes). 

“I am more hopeful now about 
playing against France in Paris on 
February than I was at foe 
weekend," Anderson said yesterday. 
“Medical opinion is that foe injury 
is not as serious as first thought and 
I will have a clearer picture after 
Sunday's work-out." 

Phillip Matthews, the -inter- 
national blind side flanker, who 
badly damaged an elbow in foe first 
minute of Tuesday night's game 
against Queensland at RavenhiU. 
will take no part in the training but 
is reluctant to rule out his chances of 
playing in Paris. He said: “Paris is 
still more than two weeks away and 
I am not prepared at this moment in 
time to finally accept that I will have 

to ay off.” 

Britain's leading show jumper, will 
compete in two events in Auckland 
from tomorrow to Sunday from 
January 25 to 27. 

He will be joined by David 
Bowen, of Lancashire and Tony 
Newbery, of Devon, and they will 
all ride borrowed horses. 

surprising in foe circumstances. 
Nevertheless, the South backs look 
much credit for putting pres sur e on 
their opponents so eneclively that 
Stuart, foe Austr alian captain, 
decided to take foe match by foe 
scruff of foe neck himself from 
scrum half. He linked with his back 
row and Miudsidc wing to score the 
try which finally buried any 
lingering South hopes. 

Momsen kicked foe only points 
of foe first half and was not far from 
a try when the South defence was 
caught lying lateraDv. Piper, on the 
right wing, scored the first try; his 
father was a full bock with the 1 947 
Wallabies in Britain and this was 
the son's first lour try after joining 
his colleagues as a replacement just 
alter Christmas. Stuart had kept the 
bail going for that try. He dummied 
his way over in very little room for 
the second before Foley, replacing 
foe injured Kennedy, rolled his way 
round foe edge of a maul for foe 

Score** Austrnfian Schools: Trio* Plpar. 
Swan. Foley. Penalty: Momsen, 

Jenner (EastOOima Cotaga): P Gfflow (Radrutti 
C8). P Yotng ( Aytosfiury GS), S Prince I 
Lewi School), | Smith (WaUswny); D 
[Plymouth CoBmoL A Kardooni 

' Sharp (Sr 

pays off 
for British 

By John Clemison 

Public School Wand 10 

British Polytechnics 24 

[Penwtth Stem Form Cofega), M Crane [Si 

M Hood. R TomtalscrCtmnel: M Lubm&R 
Stuart (lapft 0 Davies, R Kennedy (rep: M 
FoieV). O Ofranbara (rep: M Ryan), C Harioy, W 
GJdcfey. D Dtt, S Qourisy, WBeon. 

Referee; □ Matthews (Liverpool). 

Universities are 
given a 
touch of class 

The first of foe newly-sponsored 
universities international matches 
takes place at Richmond tomorrow 
afternoon when English Univer- 
sities play Welsh Universities 
(David Hands writes). Miller 
Buckley, a property development 
group from Rugby, have offered 
backing for a student championship 
which in each match will precede 
foe relevant five nations champion- 
ship match. 

The English, though without their 
Durham players which deprive 
them of foe outstanding flanker, 
McBain, field three players who 
have made a considerable mark in 
first -class rugby this season; the full 
back, Webb, of Bristol. Ward, of 
Nottingham and his fellow front 
row forward Obogu. of Moseley. 

The Welsh are based squarely on 
Swansea University, 

ENGLISH UMVERSTTE5: J W«bb (Bristol); C 
’ i), L Eafes (Nottingham). 
‘ J Rom (LoughDo- 
oh). M Hancock 
.HaanghBiiiL U 
. V Oboga (Btrerto^mm). 
. T Swan (Uvo/pooll D 
, I Hattor (SrietlMdl, T 

N Shorn* . 
rough t J Sutton [ 

(Loughborough); j 

LanMft (NoUngharr 
G Korol (Nottmun 
Metals (Nottaghwn 
Edbrocke (Exatarcai 

WELSH UNtVERSrhES: ISmobm union 
C Bradshaw; A Rtatanta, M Hoi, J 
Bom (Cardiff); D Evans, C PhBpo: A 
WlSTV D Wffoma (Bangor), S 
utfiff). D Bryant, R 
Wotar (UWrSTJ. H Pfctou, S 

The chance of being selected for 
foe first-ever Combined Students 
side, which can include Oxford and 
Cambridge players, to entertain 
French Students next month proved 
a powerful incentive to foe British 
Polytechnic at Old Deer Park, 
Richmond, yesterday. They had 
little difficulty in beaung a 
weakened but none foe less capable 
Public School Wanderers side by six 
tries to a goal and airy. 

Knowing that a good perform- 
ance might lead to higher things 
usually produces selfishness and 
showmanship, with wings pirouett- 
ing down the touchline. Polytech- 
nics would have none of this; 
although this was foeir first fixture 
of the season their teamwork 
suggested they had known each 
other for years. The effect was to pul 
Mantel, a Rosslyn Park player at 
Thames Polytechnic and Edwards, 
from the tame club but at Oxford 
Polytechnic, into serious contention 
for foe students’ side. 

Though they faced a team of good 
club standard, albeit light in foe 
front five, the Polytechnics made 
foe Wanderers look ordinary. Their 
style of loose play and dose support 
work was excellent and they spent 
much of foe match pressing the 
Wanderers' line. 

It took them almost an hour, 
however, to reduce foe Wanderers* 
defence to tatters. They turned 
round only 4-0 ahead. Wallace 
having touched down on the second 
phase early on. but foe floodgates 
opened in foe third quarter, as, not 
for the first lime, the Polytechnics’ 
back row wreaked havoc in foe 

Mantel touched down tbc first of 
his two tries from a scramble on foe 
line. Harkncn scored Polytechnics' 
third try from a five-metre scrum 
and Jones finished off a superb 
movement set up fry Mantel and 
Murphy to put them seemingly out 

of reach. 

At 16-0 up. Polytechnics were 
hardly flattered, for their kickers, 
Wallace. Trotman and later Griffin, 
bad failed to give them foe margin 
they deserved. In a desperate last 10 
minutes they saw Tim Bell scythe 
through for a try. McHardy 
converting, and Layton, one of foeir, 
own reserves from Oxford who had 
replaced the injured Hopkins, cut 
foe deficity to 16-10. Mantel and 
Edwards had the last word with two 
late tries. 

SCORERS: PoUc School WMwwk 
T ries. T Bel and Layton; co twan ri on. 

“ • Mantel 


MBoLA Dent. R BHartL M Hopkins (rep. A 
Layiony: R Cnm. H MeHardy. S Hotdwte, D 
Evans, R Safere. TBal, M Davies, D Kwuy. D 
Hmnltar, I Leathern 

.. O HoMstock (Thames). C Jones 
S Griffin (Oxford). C Haydon (Sooth 
P Trotman (Liverpool]. K Murphy 
D Mwtay (LMcaster). J McFarland 
.. D Ait to ( Liverpool). O Hantao 
M Edwards (Oxford), R O’Sufflvan 
C Mantel (Thames). R Hartnett 
(North Staffordshire). 


pulls out 
of 1 2-metre 

From John Roberson 

The Task Force 87 America's Cup 
defence syndicate announced here 
yesterday that they were withdraw- 
ing theft two yachts. Kookaburra I 
and n from next month's 12-metre 
world championships. The decision 
was mImwi because the Australian 
Yachting Federation, foe body that 
g o verns the sport in Australia, 
would make foe yachts measure- 
ment certificates available to 
overseas syndicates. 

According to International Yacht 
Racing Union and international 12- 
metre Association roles, for a yacht 
to be considered a legal 12-metre, a 
certificate has to be lodged with the 
national authority. Once lodged, 
any interested party can, by going 
through the correct procedure, 
obtain a copy of that certificate. It 
seems that foe Australian Yachting 
Federation are more diligent than 
some other authorities in their 
observance of the rules. 

Various Australian syndicates 
have applied to the United States 
Yacht Racine Union for copies of 
certificates of American yachts, but 
the requests seem to have got lost in 
foe system. However, it is known 
that a number of American 
syndicates have applied for and 
received copies of Australia's ITs 
certificate, the yacht that won the 
America's'cup in 1983. 

lain Murray, foe project director 
of the Task Force syndicate, said 
that this was not a psychological 
ploy in foe build-up to the Cup, but 
that he believed they had two 
genuinely fast yachts and they did 
not wisho to hand over foeir vital 
measiremems to challenging syndi- 

Shortly after the Task Force 
announcement, the Royal Perth 
Yacht Cub's regatta chairman. Dr 
Stan Reid, said that although the 
dub were disappointed by foe 
decision, they appreciated the 
reasons for the withdrawal. Nod 
Robins, foe America's Cup com- 
mittee executive director, added 
that the club were considering what 
action they, as the defenders of the 
Cup. could take against national 
authorities who did not observe the 

Meanwhille. another overseas 
entry to foe world championships 
arrived here yesterday. The Cana- 
dian yacht. True North, was 
unloaded from a ship in the 
morning and was ready to sail by 
foe end of foe day. True North 
represents foe Royal Nova Scotia 
yacht squadron in Halifax. 

Two rods on 
offer on 
Royal river 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

A rare dunce b coming np in foe 
annual postal auction in aid of 
salmon conservation funds of the 
Atlantic Salmon Trust. It is to fish 
for salmon on one of the Royal 
Family's beats of the Dee ai 

There are two rods oa offer, from 
March 31 to April 5, for the 
BirkhaU beat of foe Balmoral Estate 
water and the guidance in foe 
catalogue of the amount expected as 
a bid is given as £340. At a guess, 
foe fishing will go for at least double 
that amount. A ghiltie will be 
provided. Catalogues from and 
offers to Alex Pritchard on Ascot 
21270. Bidding will dose on 
February 22. 

Owners of fishing have offered 
beats on many famous rivers for for 
postal auction. There are at least 25 
on the Tweed alone, including the 
famous Upper Floors beat, and most 
of them are in October which should 
be a very productive month. There 
are quite a few beats on offer on the 
chalk streams and owners on foe 
Wye and foe Tamar are offering 
some fine salmon rods. 

There are two beats, with two 
Rhfllies, on offer on foe Naver in 
Sutherland but with slightly unusual 
conditions which are part of the 
Naver's tradition. They are that: 
“Each beat to be fished by one male 
and one female rod but not two 
males. A youth under 18 may fish as 
a female." 


Old guard lead 
Ardleigh Hall 
back to the top 

By Colin McQuillan 

The old guard struck back on all 
fronts this week against a prolonged 
run of junior successes in foe 
American Express premier league as 
AnUeigh Hall, led by Hiddy Johan 
and ahmed Safwat, snatched back 
foe league leadership. 

Jab an, fart approaching his 36fo 
birthday, set the tone for his Essex 
dub against Edgbaston Priory with a 
victory that might rank as his most 
satisfying result of the year. He beat 
David Lloyd 3-9, 9-0, 9-2, 9-0. 

Lloyd has less than two weeks left 
of his reign as British open under-23 
- champion and was the player many 
believed should have been selected 
for foe recent world championship 
third sring England position, ai 
which Johan was astonishingly 
disappointing in Egypt. 

Safwat is in his 39fo year, but 
outlasted Mousa Helal in a 
delightful five-game display of 
Egyptian skills. Martin Bodimeade, 
December's player of the month, 
clinched foe Ardleigh Hall victory, 
beating. Cenyg Jones in straight 

Manchester Northern, last week’s] 
marginal league leaders, suffered an 
uncharacteristic lower order defeat, 
4-1. at foe bands of Nottingham 

Manchester have maintained foeir] 
challenge this season without foe 
injured Geoff Williams by winning 
consistently in the lower order. 

HESULra Ounnfego MB 2. fata 

s SSasMirAaers 

Mxnctwslsr Northern 1. 

STANDPWSe' 1. AriWsfl M. 50: Mmdysfer 

Leicester. 33; fl, Amtar. 33; 10, Redwood 
lodge, is. 


Cap would be the crown 
of King’s loyal career 

Four young players have been 
celebrating because foe Great 
Britain coach Maurice Bamford, 
kept his promise instead of h i di ng 
behind a pious homily. Graham 
King, Steve Hampson, Tony 
Merchant, and Neil James found 
that their careers had taken a 
sudden and unexpected uplift. 

The four were foe sorpirsc 
uncapped choices in the Great 
Britain squad for foe home and away 
international matches with France; 
with their selection Bamford 
fn Hilled his promise that players 
from outside the squad that played 
New Zealand woold be watched, 
considered and chosenon merit. 

“These lads and others on foe 
fringe know tK*t I meant what I 
said,” Bamford said. “We will be 

loo king at players outside the 

present squad right up to foe arrival 
of the Australians in foe lntnmn. No 
good player should fed he is outside 
the net" 

King provides the Cinderella 
story. His loyalty to Hunslet, the 
homeless crab who have settled 
down on foe wide open spaces of 
Eltaod Road, is a by-word in rugby 
league. He is a brilliant attacking 
senm half and . an excellent cover 
tackier and bas caught foe eye of 
first division dubs, yet he has stayed 
with Hmdet throughout his career, 
always trying to keep the team going 
behind beaten packs of forwards. 

Hunslet, who almost went ont of 
existence a decade ago, have (once 
foeir reformation known promotion 
and relegation in consecutive 
seasons, foe eu ph oria of a shock win 
over HnD Kingston Rovers in the 

early rounds, of foe Challenge Cup 
aid despair of having 70 points 
rattled up against them by Bradford 

Kings fear was that playing with a 


Keith Macklin 

mediocre second division side would 
rob him of his chance of full cap. 
That fear grew over the past few 
seasons as players like Fox. 
Beardmore, Holding and Ford have 
taken the number seven jersey in 
international matches and squad 

Opportunity has called almost as 
unexpectedly for Marchant, the 
Castleford centre, Hampson. the 
Wigan full back, and James the 
Hnmax forward. Marchant is a 
centre in the classic style, a fast 
straight runner irith an eye for a 
gap. Hampson is a fearless catcher 
of the “bomb", the high ball 
■preferred by foe Austrafians, and be 
is also a rousing counter-attacker. 
Janies is a tough, skilful ball player 
in the pack that helped carry 
Halifax to the (op of the first 

“Look at Halifax, " Bamford said. 
“Up there at the top of foe 
championship table, yet without a 
single English or British tutor- 
national in the squad. That can't be 

Bamford hog shown has frith in 
foe players who drew the series with 
New Zealand to naming them aH in 
the Great Britain training party fa 
the matches with France. However, 
bis naming of uncapped players is a 
warning against complacency. 

Places are still open fa the series 
■gainst foe Kangaroos- “Compe- 
tition brings oot the best iu players, 

and only me best wffl do if we are to 
beat foe Aussies." 


Phipps takes on 
E German 
double champion 

From Chris Moore 


The last time Britain won a medal 
in the European bobsleigh cham- 
pionship was 18 years ago. What 
then are the chances of Britain's 
bright new hope Nick Phipps in this 
year’s championships which opened 

Phipps underlined his growing 
potential by winning a gold and 
bronze medal in the second round 
of the World Cup in Cortina last 
month. And with bis brake-man 
Alan Cearns and the other two 
members of bis Allied Steel -spon- 
sored crew. Bob Thorne and Keith 
Power, the 33-year-old British 
champion is at present third in both 
of the World Cup combined 

But so far this season he has not 
yet crossed swords with foe lop 
Swiss and. East Goman drivers, 
including tbc world two-man and 
double Olympic champion, Wol- 
fgang Hoppe. 

Unlike the world and Olympic 
events, each country is allowed to 
enter three teams instead of two in 
the European championships. Bear- 
ing that in mind, plus the feci the 
Austrians are on their own track, 
any place in the top 10 for Phipps 
would be a creditable performance 

In recent years, Britain, along 
with most of the rest of Europe, 
have not been allowed a look-in by 
the Swiss, East Germans and latterly 
the Russians. The Soviets have won 
the gold medal in foe last two 
European two-man events. 

But in the four-man event, not 
even the Russians have been able to 
break foe Swiss and East German 
stranglehold on the sport 


Practice session 
for World Cup 
cancelled again 

Rain fell on the Hahenkamm 
monutain in KitzpOhd yesterday 
forcing the earned lauon of practice 
for this week's two men’s World 
Cup downhill races for the second 
day in succession. It was expected 
that conditions would have im- 
proved in time for practice difficult 
3.5 kilometre Sueif course. 

Tomorrow's race takes the 
placeof one that was to have been 
held in Garnusch-Partenlarchen last 
week, while Saturday's race is Tor 
the Hahnenkamm trophy. A men’s 
sialon is sehedud for Sunday. 

Micheta Figini. the Olympic and 
World Cup downhill champion, was 
second festest in Puy Saint Vincent, 
France, yesterday in practice for 
today's women’s World Cup, race. 

Raring on new snow, Micaeia 
Marzota. an Italian, aged 19, 
registered foe best time, more than a 
second ahead of Miss Ftgim, of 

Tpoday's downhill, and a super- 
giani slalom here on Saturday, were 
originally scheduled fa Pfront 
West Germany. 





ThM round replay 

West Bromwich v Shaft Wod 


Nona Co v Ooncastar Ftorera (7.30) 


Forest v Dwtjy (7.0)- ! 
v Scunthorpe (7.0). 


BOWLS: manor Lager Moor Otaric fet 

Co l n a ti o n Amateur Onteln 
O we n' s ChB) 





Kalule agrees to 

go to Sheffield 

to meet Graham 

Despite speculation to the KaluJc. bom in Uganda but now a 
contrary. Ayub Kalule. the Euro- naturalized Dane, is 32 years old 
pcan middleweight champion, will and is a former WBA light-middle- 

By George Ace 

defend his title 
Graham, the und 

inst Hero! weight champion. He has suffered 
ted British only three defeats iq 47 bouts, the 
s City Hall first by Sugar Ray Leonard, who 
on February S. This was confirmed stopped him in nine rounds in 1981 

1 yesterday by the European Boxing for his WBA title, the second came 
Union and by Graham's manager, the following year against Davey 

B. J. Eastwood. 

rounds as 

Mogens Palle, Kalule's manager, attempted to win back the title, and 
was reluctant to agree to switch of then he was beaten by Mike 

venue from Belfast to Graham's McCallum in seven rounds. Thee 
home town of Sheffield but the EBU three boxers were in a different class 

informed him that unless he to anyone Graham has met. 
fulfilled the Sheffield date Kalule 
would be stripped of his title and 

Kalule was inactive throughout 

they would noinale a challenger to 1983. but made a sensational return 
meet Graham for the vacant title on to the ring the following year with a 

ihat date. The deadline for Pallc's first round win over Liverpool's 
acceptance of the EBU ruling was Jimmy Price. He won the European 

Eastwood said; 

title defeating Pierre Joly of France. 
I am glad last year, the referee halting the 

everything is sorted out: there bas proceedings in the eighth round, 
been a lot of unnecessary hassle and successfully defended his title 

over the dale and venue for this last month against the Italian 
bout which in my opinion is more champion. Sambu Kalambay. in 

than just a European title fight A Ancona. Kalule has won 25 contests 
win for Graham would put him well inside the distance, Graham is 

the way for a world title unbeaten in 34 bouts, with 17 
confrontation within 12 months.” ending inside the stipulated period. 

Doherty a sure winner 

Pat Doherty is certain to win the 
British junior-lighweight champion- 
ship at Preston today. But which Pat 
Doherty will emerge on top in the 
12-round title contest at the Guild 
Hall? London's Pat Doherty, who 

Mail/ London s rat Doherty, who 
has twice been lined up for this 
championship, or Bradford's Pat 

Doherty, known in boxing circles as 

Originally PaL aged 23. was 
scheduled to meet the former 
European champion. Pat Cowdell. 
but that bout was shelved when the 
Wariey boxer pulled out with 
influenza. Then Pat Doherty was 
due to tackle Manchester's Moroc- 

can-born Najib Daho. but 
shoulder injury last week fi 
Daho to withdraw. 

John has an impressive points 
win over Clyde Ruan. who beat Pa 
on points, though that was befon 
Riipn was stopped by Barry 
McGuigan. Both men have beaten 
Doncaster's Dean BramhalL 


iod can consolidate \ Witt Nick . G 


Simon Sherwood can consolidate . V 

his position at fl»e top of the Jockeys can 

table by winning both dlrishms-o* this 
.the- - Keep - Novices* Hurdle on surf 

Testimonial and Godfathers Gift at ..mi 

Ti njflAt Park this afternoon- The Chs 
two are trained by John Jenkins. iafm 
Following that encouraging ran aft 
behind Sobr Climd and Mbrale at «cf 
Worcester at the beginning of fnrti 
December. TESTIMONIAL (1.0) is good 
napped' to recover a fraction of the mas 
24,000 {tineas that Jenkins, span Bert 
baying,' hint at .Newm arket In the the I 
antnma. - Hie Epsom, .trainer’s A 
interest in Testimonial was under- folia 
standable because he' already had in Wei 
his yard his dder haffbrother, bare 

\ Wifi. Nick Gasdscft novices \ 
carrying virtually nil . before fan * 
this whiter no one should he 
snrprised if HAKESCEUGH man*, 
ages -to win . the X^sOe Navfcer ~ 
Chase In spite of the foctlhat a ^ 
tnjmy kept him away from the traefc 
all hut season- He was a pretty ^ 
ado hnrdkr two seasons an and - 
farth enagr his - trainer now has a - 
good fine on Dictfre and Bepeirt, kfc-7 
most apparent dangers, through •' 
Bertin, who beat them out (rf i%ht at ' 
the last meeting. 

At Newton Abbot It should pay to - 
fallow Martin- Pipe’s - hHtam 

standable because he aiready had in Wdfiagton Stable which appear* te 
his yard his dder haffbrodier, bare* good chanc* ofbringhtg off* 
PhyrtMM- Pastimes, 1 a doable with Flying Offlctt JU5) 

rfwwit perfumer over hurdles and and Tonidt (2-15). TORSIDE 

over fences. 

pkwghed through the mad 

At Worcester, the first three Tauutonon win an 
finished ' 20 lengths ahead of (he event similar to today's Bet With 
remainder. In toe meantime, both The Tote Novices' Chase by 30 

Solar Cloud and Misrule have dime 

the formaome good* Sotar Cloud by 

fas and I reckon -that he may- 
be able to get the better of 

finishing a dose fourth behind Sacred Ifoth who did nothave to bera . 
TestisMmbiPa stable companion, El -work! beater to. account. for Mr 

Gafiteo, M Sandown; Mbrule by Candy by a length at Ifog fl c M last " 
w i nni n g easily next time-. out-, at .timeout- _ . 


winning , when FLYING OFFICER wan 

fom is boasled by Friewte For Ever the Deep Wealth Ntrrlcea.HurtSe at 
and Goodman Point, bet I doubt Devon on New Year’k-Day, he beat 

either tirin g Testi mon ial wei ght. Graceful Kicker by ^ lengths. 23 
GODFATHER'S .GIFT _ (2-OX lengths in arrears that. day. wee 
who landed a gamble it Newbnry in . snt* uefU performers. as Accnacy 
November whoa beating' The Italian and..DoabNdoik So .new., the. stage, 
by a' neck, will not have'- to be looks set fin- Flying Officer to wo 
anything oat of the ordinary to'wm the first division of the Chdstoa 

the other dlvfcdon. Nortecs* Hnr 

Having won ova- three miles at CTin nrm 
Ua^^lsX)mab4r t and then rm 
reaflywell over considerably farther 01 

at Sandown earBer this aMmth, wheat 

Novices' Hurdle-aud tons; point to 

• Pat Cowdell will box a 
Doncaster on February 6. It will be 
his first contest since being knocked 
out in one round by Azumah 
Nelson for the world boxing council 
featherweight championship in 
Birmingham last October. 

Abdulla holds a strong 
hand for Doncaster 


Downey makes bold 
start as manager 

By Richard Eaton 

Jake Downey. England's manager 
for only three and a half months, 
has shown in the naming of his 
Thomas and Uber cup squads 
yesterday that he does not mind 
being courageous to the point of 

The 16 players chosen arc not 
merely those to be used for the 
European zone matches in February 
but, a:suming England qualify, 
those r>hich will also go the the 
finals in Jakarta at the end of April 
They include Barbara Sutton, aged 
32. whose international career was 
widely regarded as finished when 
she decided to have a baby nearly 
two years ago. 

Downey's cboice might even be 
regarded as slightly provocative 
because Mrs Sutton is ready to leave 
her young child for more than three 
weeks to travel and train with the 
team while Nora Perry, who figured 
prominently in the England 
women's silver medal success last 
tine, is noL and has therefore not 
been selected. 

Downey has also been prepared 
to> risk brushes with other leading 
players by insisting, even at this 
stage, that everybody does every- 

bcuer than his announcing the 
squads more than three months 
before they are expected to be in 
action in Indonesia. There may be 
those who do not like this policy, 
but he has made it dear that, faced 
with the unenviable task of 
following the successful Ciro 
Ciniglio. things are going to be done 
bis way. 

A further surprise is the choice of 
Caroline Gay, aged 21. form 
Leicester, who is not yet in 
England's top ten and was 'almost 
unconsiricred until she suddenly 
won her first England cap during the 
South Korea lour in October. 

There are no real surprises in the 
men's squad. There had been 
suggestions that Mike Tredgctt, aged 
36. who clinched England Men’s 
bronze medal last time, might also 
be recalled. Bui although this great 
stalwart might have enjoyed just 
one more go. he too like Mrs Perry 
was not prepared to relinquish 22 
days of his time in order to be with 
the team. 

Khaled Abdulla, who won the 
Lincoln Handicap last year with the 
top-weighted Cataldi. is again 
strongly represented in this year's 
entries. He owns three horses who 
figure among the top weights 
published yesterday for the race 
which will be run over a mile at 
Doncaster on Saturday, March 22. 

Last year's most improved 
handicapper. Tremblant (9st 71b) 
heads Abdulla's trio, closely fol- 
lowed by the Jeremy Tree trained 
pair, Slancy (9st Sib) and Advance 
(9st 3lb). Ron Smyth, the trainer, 
said yesterday, however, that 
TremblanL who wound up the 
season with a brilliant victory* in the 
Cambridgeshire Handicap at 
Newmarket, might miss toe race 

and be aimed instead at a 
programme of group races. 

Top of the handicap is toe Irish- 
trained Miami Count (10st), who 
was second in two group races last 
season. Then comes Sharp Ro- 
mance (9st 121b), Shmaireekh (9st 
1 01b) and Field Hand (9st 91b). 

Try To Stop Me, placed third in 
last year’s Lincoln, has been 
handicapped at 7st 131b, 31b less 
than in 1985. Go Banana's, who was 
disqualified from third place after 
swerving across the course, has Sst 
131b. an increase of 31b. 

Bookmakers differ over toe 
favourite. The sponsors Hills make 
Rana Pratap 12-1. Ladbrokes go 16- 
I Well Rigged and the tote 
nominate Tremblant at 12-1. 

Stewards make Gaselee 
wait for Windsor win 

A lengthy inquiry followed the have his left leg re-broken and 

she finubed -'third to Kn> ud'Skfp 

capable of winslng tha-Lpther 

Finally, PANTO PRINCE, who 


3us uimucu tiuiii w ■■■■ ~ m 

and Coo trad eal BUCKBE now an «K»wragng_ra« at 

reverts to a shorter distance for the Chepstow days ago when- -he 

bdmd that 

three . lengths 
bh proved mare 

A lengthy inquiry followed the 
Malden Timber Novices* Hurdle at 

to reprodnee her December form Kflwtosfe looks to taye a decent 
with Weston Sunset, who has woo chanre of vnuing tiw St. Man - 

Windsor yesterday won by Nick 
Gasclee’s 11-4 chance. Private 
Views. After Peter Scudamore had 
brought the gelding home two and 
half lengths dear of Rodmel Nigel 
Coleman on the runner-up objected 
to the winner for "taking my ground 
after the last hurdle.** 

The situation on the run-in was 
aggravated by toe fact that a white 
hurdle, used as a doll, was sticking 
out at right-angles one hundred 
yards from the tine. However, the 
stewards overruled the objection 
and Gasclee’s twentieth victory of 
the season remained intact. 

After Bmni 

at Ascot in the meantime, to win church Handicap Hurdle esrr.rt r- 

Lincoln Handicap weights 

Miami Count 4yra Ufct Ob. Sharp Romanes Sfflq MB S-7 -ta. Th e Nub 7- 
4-9-12. ShrrafrwAti 5-6-10. FMd Hand 4-9-9. 12- l 

Trembtant 5*-7. Boftn Krtgm 4-9-7. Saney 4- Sot Of A Qwvy. 6-7-10. S 
8-5. Sown Bore 4-93T Advance sLa. VXgrt W* 5-7-9, W^ Rtag 
Fandango Best 5-9-1. Go Bananas 5-8-13. 7 ; 9? f I^>1P - 5 ~ 7 ' 6 * , , 

fieafly Honest 5-8-13. On Patrol 4-8-10. Xh* *-7-6. Weil Covered 5 

OuaiteJr Oyer 4-8-10. Red RumoB S8-10, *-7-3. 

Postanmo -MW. Em p spehore 4-W. M Far 5- FusKer 4-7-2. Si ddan X 
8-7. CtffStsn Schad 4-8-7. Dorset Cottage 43- Meowe 4-7-0. Kampc* 

8-7. CtHOttan Sctrad 4-8-7, Dorset Cooage 4-8- 
6 . S Monsour 7-86. Sharp Nobla 4-85, Barry 
Sheone 5-8-5. 

tuunaoaocn 4-83. Gwidreda 4-83. 
GentBesclU 4-8-2. Boaalm 4-81 . K-Batrery 5-8 
1 . nay Street 5-80. Mstoour 4-7-13. Try To 

Stop Me 87-13. The Nub 7-7-1 2. SheOmsi 4-/- 
12. Moores Metal 87-12, Hana Pratap 87-it. 
Star Of A Gtmer 87-10. Senor Ramos 4-7-3. 
Won Isle 87-8, We* reaped 87-7. Windpipe 
87-7. Carenayfo 87-6. Runnkig Rush 4-7-8. 
Xtto 4-7-6. Well Covered 87-4, Any Business 

Fusffier 4-7-2. Sudden Imp a ct 4-7-0, Merry 
Meastre 4-7-0. K am p^o w 4-813. Night 
Warrior 4812. Kazarow 8812. High Pitched 
7-811, temetasor 8811. Evwy Effort 4810. 
Pakmon 4810, Tom Forrester 889. 
Forma&ne 4-8-0, Tiobury 4-89. The Gama's 

Up 888 , Emerald Eagle 588. Ttmewaster 4- 
6-3, King Of Speed 7-80. Yefcwr Bear 8810. 

.Yetotr Bear 8810. 

The Lamboum trainer said: “I 
bought Private Views as an 
unbroken three-year-old in Ireland 
and he’s still very immature. TR try 
to win another small race -and he 
could go for the Malden Timber 
final in April, but . there will be 
nothing ambitious and bell be a 
nice horse next season." 

Rod Simpson, the Lamboum 
trainer, hobbled out of hospital on a 
crutch to see the winning debut of 
his new hurdler. Brunico. The ex- 
French Flat winner, a first ride for 
Dermot Browne at Windsor, 
provided a tonic for the trainer who 
went into hospital on January 10 to 

After Brunico, who started at 7-4 
favourite, -had held off Jimmy 
Lorenzo by two lengths after making 
a blunder at the second last. 
Simpson said: “I got out of hospital 
yesterday afternoon and did not 
want to miss Bnmico’s -first run. 
He's .been with me two months and 
was placed at St-Cloud in Novemb- 
er. His . programme is tbe Victor 
Ludorum at Haydock and then toe 
big hurdle at Liverpool.** 

Brunico is owned by the 
journalist. Tony Stafford, whose 
colours are also carried by. the Daily 
Express Triumph Hurdle favourite; 
Tan gonat. The pair had worked 
together over six furlongs yesterday. 

. Simpson added: *Tve got. to go 
bock into hospital again but with 
any luck my leg will be out of plaster 
24 hours before Tangonat runs in 
the Triumph." 

Ten Bears was installed 100-30 
favourite to- win the Datcfaet 
Conditional Jockeys Handicap 
Chase, but supporters of the Buck . 
Jones-trained gelding had their 
hopes dashed early on. Ten. Bears 
was a casualty at toe fourth fence. 

Meanwhile, Captain Dawn, jvho 
had taken up the running, continued 
in final. turd progressed io ' an easy 
eight-length victory 

carrying 1 1st this afternoon. 

as tittle as lfist- 

Piggott back in 
action in US 

Lester Piggott. Who retired from 
raceri ding in England 12 weds ago, 
flew out of London yesterday for yet ■ 
another ride abroad. . 

The 50-yEar-old legendary Flat 
jockey was supposed to have . hung- 
up his boots last October, but since 
then he has bent riding aD over' the' 
world in a ferewdl tour. His latest 
assignment is an invitation event 2h : 
California between tbe topjockey of 
the United States and'Ehrope.. As he 7 - 
left Heathrdw,- Piggott said: . “I have 
retired,- but- 1 seem- to- be- just as 
busy" ; 

Travelling with “The Long 
Fellow” was a leDow English jockey, 
Pat Eddery, who said: "We . all . 
thought we bad seen the last of 
him.” Eddoy will be in the same 
team as Piggott and the ‘ leading 
French jockey, Yves Saint-Martin. 

Northern tracks 
join forces 

A new marketing and pro- 
motional association, has. .been, 
formed between the five most 
nortberiy English.-, racecourses:^ 
Newcastle, Hexham, Catifcte, Sed- 3> 
- gefiBld and CartmeL , Tt -wQI _:lX" 
known as Top of toe NonhRaong. 

• Corals report strong support for 
Humberside Lady in the Sc h wep p es 
Gold Trophy and have ctit her price 
from 20-1 1 to 14-1" jourt-favourite 

Kit Patterson, the association's 
newly-elected. . chairman . and- ,.. * 
treasurer, said:/ “The potentid a.^. 
exciting: Top -of the Nort h Ra cing^ > 

- couldbe one of toe besr promotions-^ 

that northern racing has seen: It is^v 

sure indicatiott^iai the north. oftf. 

England is pulling, together 

assume a . higher profile and offerst'.. 

northern racecourses an improved;^' • 

deaL” .. -f- 


- Race. . sponsorship- -at% United/^." 
Racecourses in 1986 wiU top-.: 
£750,000 for the first time. This '^ V 
year's record total, covering spon- , 
sorship at Epsom. Kempton Park 
and Sandown Fade, amounts to v; 
£833^00, an increase of £83, 750. ‘ 


FORI* GOOFATHERS «FT P1-<J1 Mat Star Katon fi 1-OJ 
Nov 8 10 ran). DIMENSION pi -10) novar nnrar than 88 

Going: heavy 

1 .0 KEEP NOVICE HURDLE (Div 1: 4-y-o: £685: 2m) (12 runners) 

10 ) navar nnrar than 8 tfi behind < 
Dec 21. IB ran). UMCOL (1810) 

N Yms (Kent). S Butler (Warvnc 
(Gssea). A Goode (Hens). N Tar 
Oew (Middx). D Tailor (MWdx). 

LEAP YEAR (ACentonJJBridger 1810 

MACROOM (Mrs M TndQ S Motor 1810 — 
1JM0 _ 

thing together. 
Nothing illi 

Nothing illustrates hes determi- 
nation to create a collective effort 

dew (Middx). D Tailor (Middx). 

UBER CUP SOUAD: H Ju*e (Herts). K 
Beckman (Surrey). F Elon Surrey), G Gowere 
(Sussex). G CtoAa (Kent). S HMsak (Lancs). C 
Gay (Lera), B Sutton (Staffs). 

(C Rood) C flood 1810 — 
Howard) A Dsvtson 1810 . 

C Warren 7 

R Rowe 


..GQioln Jonee 

B Reify 

□ Moore 

1 00110 FRIENOS FOR EVER (D}fB) pi BamtOJFnctvHeyBS 11-8 C Warren 7 

2 10 GOODMAN POWT (CD) (ODunsdoa) JGiffofdll -1 R Rowe 

10 pO LEAP YEAR (A CaritcxijJ Bridger 1810 ACorrofl 

11 4 MACROOM (Mrs M TndQ S Motor 1810 GOwleaJonee 




16 O RUSTY LAW (it Banket M Bonks 1810 GMcCourt 

19 3 TESTIMONIAL (Mrs 0 Dobson) JJenkine 1810. — SSHtrwood 

20 APPEALBiG (D Sbituson) G Btum 10-5 — J Bartow 

21 >00 GREEN ROOM GAMBOLS (Bt (E MM) D Weadan 186 PScudamora 

22 0 SIRDAR GtRL (Mrs J Tyrefl) D Weeden 185 S3 Murphy 4 

11-10 Testimonial, 7-2 Goodman Poke, 5 Mscroom. 8 Friendi For Ever, 12 Ap p ae to g, 14 


FORM: FfUBHOB FOR EVER wefl beaten by My Dominion at Ascot MM Saturday: preWousArJ 1 1 - 1 ) 

rumprenvii MUM Mis Bl YfVIVBIIHIIIfflVM UXiM M MO. ptfYAN W I| \ 

at Neirtwy (tot Nov Hde. El 688. good to Ibm, Ntw 27, is ran). 

■ neck a Newtaoy (2m HdL 0548.*™. 
h behind Goodman Wra (1810) here et 
IL (1810) and GWYN HOWARD (181(8 
• lest time: prevtauNy UMCOL (11-0) 32 
lov Hdta. &25, good Dec S. 16 rwd. 
uriy (189) 16 1/2fWtio Mde Boy ( 1 1 -Q 

c - 


2.30 FORT HANDICAP CHASE (£2.047: 3m) (12) 


1 D/oarra- springwooo 

2 008138 KASMLL 



r Afl dividends snhjed to resendiny. MTCtfS PLAYED lift JML 

beet First Temptation (1810) 1 ty at Ptumptan (2m Nov Hdta, £548, good to Ibm. Nov 27. 13 ran). 
GOODMAN POINT taeetento El GaBeo tast tbne: earto ( 1 1 - 0 ) beet Taarato (1 08) a length hem at 
UngfMd I 2 m Nov Hdta. £548. good. Dec 21. 18 ran) with MARSOOM (1810) (town the field. 
MACRO OM (18 10) 17%! 4tfi d fe to Bob and Pear (11-3) at Wereddi (2m Nov Hdta. £634. soft. 
Dec 13). TESTWOMAL H810) 2tV 3rd to Sotar Ctoud (1810) at Worceatar |^n Nov Hdta, £ 886 , 
soft Dec 4. 22 rani Setacttorc TESTBKONUL 


to (185) a length here at 
I ( 1810 ) (town the field. 


Charles Jonee 

’G Hughes 

Lingfield selections 

By Mandarin 

1 .00 TESTIMONIAL (nap). 1.30 Haresceugh. 2.00 Godfather's Gift 2.30 
Fomtar. 3.00 Buckbc. 3.30 Celtic Honey. 

Michael Seely’s selection 1 .0 Testimonial. 

3 311483 COLE PC 

4 244404 J0HNBRU8H 

5 02b-p24 CRESU 

6 0431/00 M ERCY 

7 30b482 FORTSTAR 

8 32u400 DELATOR (1 

9 824422 HI CANDY U Moore) 

10 30D420 POLAR EXPRESS (D) 

11 34p2M BRONWYN (T Hayrar 

12 033-000 GANDOUGE LANE (C 
7-2 Mr Candy, 82 Fortxtar. 5 KashE, 11-2 Cota Porter, 8 Polar. Express. 10 John Brush. 

Bronwyn, 12 Cresim, 16 Msrqr Less, Sprinqwood. 20 others. 

RJfUfc KAStm. ni-0>7 1/2 3rd to Gkegby (11-« et Wata e r h am cton Om If ffeep Ch, CI707. 
^t g ten. Dec 27. 8 rant- Pravtausty (l-FA S 3rd to Ftemiex Lad(18mw»> JOHN BRUSH ( H- 
20 be htad ht 4tn et Fotoebme pm 41 ffcap Ch. 2940. good to sort. Duel 7. 8 rain. COLE 
PORTER (181) 1 1/8 to Kbegar Kkn (18) et Towceetar (2m 9 H'rapGh, £1367. good. Nov 30.6 
rto). CRESW (1-3) Jw» mrarW Ip 4th to Atoem(HMQ kwtndeorPm Kop 0^0662, good to 



£2085. good to soft Dec 14, 
GtankR n 1-6) at NewbunrJ3ir 

Ken Ch, 

aqft. J en 1. 0 can), forstar n8ffl 1 1/2J to Boxen ‘rtna (1l-Vb)'at Towcestw (3ra H*ctap Oi, 
— odjo soft Dec 14, fl ran). DELATOR (104J) best effort Ms season when at 2nd to 

1J0 CASTLE NOVICE CHASE (£1 .802: 2m) (1 8) 

FREBLE CHANCE - Max %•} P;s —F<!o Client iv/fft 24 Pts. 
top Div FOR ONLY 23 Pts. 

23 PTS £157,306-10 4 DRAWS . . 

22V2PTS £70905 10 HOMES.. 

22 PTS £494-22 

21Y2PTS £230-43 4AWAYS... 

21 PT S £14-58 AtovetorttostotowitseMBp 

20V2PTS £654 Expertsraand C 

Tittle Caeca Gvldwdi to wits of Vsp. 28th December 

04120/2 DICTtVE IA VVRaonl R Anoytage 8M-3 

f GENERAL CtERRrfASydannara) 8 Stevens 12-11-3 

821X30) HARESCEUGH ID Graham) N Gaselee 81 1-3 

301281 HIGHLAND CLIPPER (Was A WWtahJ) O Sherwood 7-11-3 
280031 JfMMY BOY (PHoulhan)P Butter 7-11 -3 . 

0fb-fi>4 MAf7RB3S(MraAWatee)R Gow 7-11-3 

3.0 DRAWBRIDGE HANDICAP CHASE (£2,637: 2m 41) (9) 

1 4/3322-4 voice OP PR0GRES8(D)(M Vestey) DMdiotaon 81 1-13 

. (rludtowjFWtater 7-11-4 

D BsemrVt 7-11-2 — 

Short) G Graoey 12-1811 
T Former 8-10-6 

1 4/3322-4 VOK* OP PROGRESS ( 

3 n-1tU3 THE REJECT 

4 t2u-3l3 BIJQtBE 

5 fain 1-4 OONT 
7 trf13f-p BELGfl 

4 DRAWS £17-40 

10 HOMES £141-60 

4AWAYS £1-65 


Squires) M Tompkins 811-3 
Ponsonbyt S Christtan 81 1-3 
(A Baker) J attord 811-3 

-S Sherwood 

10 THE THATCHER (DWH^O^Gtnord 8180 

11 110822 OVERSW AY (D) (faF) (MraS Jonee) Mrs 0 Hotoe 8180 
13 3b3/Ot2 LECKlE(q(fo(WWi«it>raBd)nAnnytage 11-180 

84 Buckbe, 3 Overaway, 82The R«)eet, 8 VOlca Of Protpess, 10 Beigrove Lad, 12 oOwra. 

Chatonfnm (2m H'opCh. £4JHB. firm. Nw 8). BUCKBE (180Z!« 3rd to Run tod ( 11 - 1 ) at 

* (3m 6f Hemp Ch. £10084. aoft. Jm 4, 8 ran). OVERSWAY (18?) «l 2nd to 9nxm 

1-0) vrkh TIM REJECT (11-7) 13 back bt 3rd, LECJOE H8T) another 201 away Blh and 
fE LAD (1811) pided here (2m 4f H’cep Ch. £2.788, good to aoft Deo 7. 10 rah). 
Subsequent*. USUOE (10^12 2nd to Cacti Phrase m-B wtoDOIT TOUCH (1V7) a vrel 
beetan 4th rao here Om ffeea Ch. £2^89. heavy, ian 2. 7 rarq. Selecitea BUOKK 

Ex pe rises and Commtaslon 
28th December 1685-389% 

Tel: 0272-272272 1 
(24 hr. service) J 




19 000024 SWFT R ETORT (G Becxta) G Bakfcw 81 1-3 

20 800 VALIANT WOOD (Mrs RFishtSMefior 81 1-3 - — 

21 113810 CHEEKY RUN yMcGraSHT Forster 7-1812 RDonwoody 

23 10fp08 EPRYANA (H BerswO) P Borrow* 81812 — GMcCourt 

24 0/0 GAKJ SFUGHT(CYWtatOCVtaee81812 — SFtatcher 

28 Of GREEN IVY (Mrs CWMams) A TianeB 8187 CMsm 

3 Olctlye. 4 Jimmy Boy. 5 Paddy (TMatoy. Majndee, 8 Cheeky hat. 12 K&lant CBppar. 
FORM: mcnVEIJl-a 3G ted to Bette (11-3) here at UmMd (2m Nov Ch. *1^13. heavy. Jm 2. 
12 ran) vrftnHEPBfT (11-3) 71 tack at 3rd. GABLES FLIGHT (I8iq bstond whan Whig at lha 7th. 
and HIGHLAND CUPPER (11-10) IB 2nd to Tenyash (11 -IB at Chetonham (Bn Nov HBe. 
E2J44. sott Jan 23. 18 ran). JIMMY BOY (11-4) last completed outing when 41 3rd to the 
sutaequentiy cUsquaHtad Yacare (11-4) at Rtaipton (2m Near Ch. El 844. soft. Doc 10. IS ran) 
wan majthedee (li-« 11^ bade to 4th. OREGON TRAIL, no-6) bear Midi's Bar (10-9) 20 at 
Weiherby 4( tricap Hde. S4.142. heavy- Apr 9. 14 ran). PADDY CPMALLEY Bdi to Broad Beam 
lasttmRprevtaafypi-fBBSrdtDYacsrafm^atFoOHBtonetBnNovCh, £1X64. good to soft, 
Dec 17. form), n etac t lon: PADDY O'MALLEY 

2.0 KEEP NOVICE HURDLE (Div th 4-y-o: £685: 2m) (13) 

01 GOOPATHBrs OFT (Mrs J Osborne) J Jenkins 11 - 1 , 

000 DIMEKSKM (M Ingram) Mrs N Snath 1810 

FOR A LARXfR Lawson) Dwason 1810 

0 GWYN HOWARD (T Yorks) A PW 1810 

0 HIALEAH UU> llArj R Rtsh) S M^or 1810 

-5 Sherwood 
C Brown 



SCOLT HEAD ffchsB Curley) B Curtsy 1810 . 
THAMUUD (S Brockemen) A Davtaon 1810 _ 

-Stave Krtoht 

R McGMn 

-M Her ring to n 

UMCOL (UmcoJ Grom Hote2ngs)S Motor 1810 

10 VA GUB.Y AHTtsnc(S Masco) N Henderaort 1810 

It tfO WESTERHAM (Mrs L Powefl) D Oughton 1810 

13 0040 F0RGTVMG (R Denton) 0 LBinq 185 

14 MASENBB»BI(B Sharp) HBoastay 185 

15 Op SWEET ROSA (S) (A Lovxrsd) D Weeden ID-5 ........ — 

Evens GodtafftaTs G it 7-2 VMuelv Arlfste. 5 Fbrglvfna 1 0 Far A Lttfc. 



24 pts 10 HOMES £201.85 

,.GC7a lies Jonee 
— SSmtei Ecdes 

J> Double 


P Scudamore 

12 Scott Hoad. 16 


3 1110/03 SWfNGB4G MOON (CHMra Y Rty) A Ingham 7-11-7 : — G Landau 

4 800009 R)RTOLD (P Davta^P Bafiey 81 1-7 SFtemerate 

6 271 -OelO WORTH WEST fC) {BP) (FH4^ A Moore 11-1T-4 : Tfc Ml 

10 01030 GENERAL OWYSON (fr)(M Paratlcoe) J Qmom81%G '..Pliitophy 

11 0204-4 CELTIC HONEY fMraJOoflrtrtS KIWantoy 81 1-2- CWatto 

12 0301 3-1 CATHERBffi BRIDGE (Sir K ButQT Forater 8-1 1-1 MBortey 

13 221 CORRB LAO (WWMta)RHodoes 11-1 1-0 .WStoraon 

14 raws HENFORO (P KatttvRoachjxBdev 7-1813 __D 5*vr 

18 213303 CHEIBST BROKER (Food Brokers uflP Haynes 81811 PChnfgan 

18 080000 HIGH HEAVEN (J Heal) A Mocas 8186 : ■ -- 

20 404-00 TOYCOfMise W Dadswefl)B Wise 11-10-6 

21 124-000 KENO HtLL (Ihs G Oavtaofl) A Divtaon 8181 

22 Offp-1 fCRMAL KIB3AY (N SprtotrtMy) D VWtaon 8 - 10-0 

23 0080 SA 8 SANOCO (A Sandemort D uughton 6-10-0 

24 4b1p-00 YOUNG BUCwtS (D Nebn) II Haynes 8180 JCHMeey 

82 Chemtat Broker. 7-2 General Chryeon. 4 North WesL S Ceate Honey. 8 Swtortng Moon, 

10 NkmalHriday. 16 others. . 

FORM: SWINGUK) MOON (11-0) IO 3rd to Opectog Ben (11-a wkh KENO HU ( 182 ) fn tear. tMs 

FORM: SWINGUK) MOON (11-0) IO 3rd toOpKtog BnJIFBeHi KENO H8JL (182) In rear. iMsl 
oouree (tot H-qm> HGe. ei.87 g heavy. Jan S. 13 rarp. TOffTH WEST (180) cxie paced 8i6tt> to 
Mount Botua (11^) with TOYCO DO-Q 12VL Htatamdon; eadtarn 811) beatHab Prince ( 11 -S 8i 
nGH HEAVEN (10-ffl 11 4U Sm aadTOYCO (10-SedMBnl 6m. RAsMone (3m 3f K*ap Hdta. I ran). GENERAL CHRYSON (185 75^ test at Sat Huntogdor: tarter 

1 HGe. £1^24. soft. Jan 6. 21 rate 


22% pta-.- — £177-55 

22 rite El 26. DO 

21^pt» E45.50 

TrtidJ cmu OMdnrii^ la Mb ol 1/B*. 

(Nothing Barred} 

5AWAYS £1.00 

(NoMng Barred) 

PIC 6 E14J5 

Above Dividends to Unto of 10p. 
Expenses and Car rfaafa n for 2Bth 
December. 1965 - 33JK. 

Windsor results 


1 30yd hdta) 1, BRUNICO (D 

For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 







Paid 0h2by3&2bv2 
goal margin 

Abwra dt v iden dfl 


PHONE Ot 253 5376 for BEST BET' COUPONS 

□R X37HL CSR 64&53L !, » 300000 RIOPICAL^.. _ _ 

11-4 Johns Praeam, 7-g Rn Drts. 4 BtiMfr BiVJ^S 

S -tSKy EAsremuBL 







js o 








5 Knight, 9 taint 
ivtaa. te fiwn 90,21 

H Itae-Judson 6 - 10-8 

j aa H HBN w ' . ' j j 


■ 'V* ^ , 

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- V'.; Vjjj*,. 

, *& fi*: 

•.., •"'’-? <5» 

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- *.■-■« I K!i> 

- a . .^A 




■■ -v$a 

..": r, -»t 

• ■!< * y_ 

S;, pheratr4 

iii’.n forces 

.'-V-'^’v lnte *^ionaI.bivisioh i . : ' ;', 

QhHbs Company £tcf/is aJong-estaWished 
pubfohi*** dwtfes and quality se^hdp.produetav. 
touted w* -the Elephant & Castle* within easy 
reaph of London Bridge arid Waterloo: Stations: "- 

Ttiw evw^ a- requirement i6r ' ail A*nm!strative 
Assistant, a hew position, Tepofting to'the Eurb- 
pem /Manager. -The job is based -in- London, 1 bur 
pmri|Mfly-.-.inv(^va» the . cfissernmatfan;af Jnfor- 
-iriribn to our sales and marketing organisations in 
: France, .West Germany, Switzerland end Austria. . . 
■'Essential.- .,qt^iffcations_ are fluent: ’German and 
French, competent typing and previous adminis- 
tratwe-experience in a sales arid marketing environ- 
ftfsm.. .: . •■-• . .* . . •• • •; ; 

This is a Very interesting portion in an expanding 
and exciting area of the Company's operations arid - 
an - attractive salary wffl "be paid." The behefitsirF- 
cJude.Pension &. life. Assurance Scheme, STL after 
one yaa|: arid subsidised-private health scheme. 
Please send a detailed CV, in chiding salary expec- 1 — : 

; Personnel Admi nistration (Ref JVS), -- - 

Diaxy House, ... „ . 

Borough Road, London SE1 1DW 


WlJBwn -Coffin* th* : renowned puWiahtog house, haw two 
vacancies for experienced -and competent secretaries to woriL 
ftr two Publishing Directors, one working with Utuigical books 
and the other covering Home and Leisure titles. 

Both pcsfthxrs rBquirea high standard of shftrttpm^ typing 
abfflty together wfth good telephone skills and a writ organised 
approach to. the job. - f. 

These appointments are suitable . for conscto ntioas, pro- 
fessional Secretaries wtth Intelligence who would enjoy a 
varied andchaUer#^ role in a convivial environment! 

Salary £7.40P£8,000 puai. Modem Mayfair Offices, 5 min- 
utes from' &aen FarkStation. .. 

Please send CV*s to: 

.. (»rtstli»Maxw^Pwc>niiMOffteer^^^ 

Coffins Publishers, 

S Grafton SL, 

London. W1X3LA • 

A leading American investment house In the 
City requires a hard- working and weH-organised 
Scaxtory to work for one of tto MDs. 

-The position te within the I nv e st ment . 
Banitog/Syndicate division of its capital .... 
markets company; - -- -- - 

" ■ Working as part of a team in a hectic and - 
exacting sales environment, you will need word - 
processing experience (IBM DlsplOTwrtter 
-cross- training provided) and excellent 

Shorthand and typing. 

• • ■ Duties in c h ide providing a fall s ccic t e rtsl , 
service to the MD using a word processor and 
making extensive international travel V 
arrangements. The successful appHcaupl will 
. also provide back-up secretarial services within 
theteam; • 

You will probably be aged 3S-S0, with A ' 

lewlltainllli n»1m r ^pl nmaHp nmnni»i , 

Experience in a financial institution preferred. 
Salary negotiable, good fidnge benefits 


Write enclosing CV to: Mrs Elizabeth Be 0. 
Personnel Department, Dean Witter Capital 
Markets -International Ltd, 56 Lcadenhad Street, 
London EC3A2BBL 


Step In to Personnel | 

£8,500 + splendid benefits : 

An exciting opportunity 2 

has arisen within the per- - • 

! sonnet department of a . ' -.-y. ' * 

large international bank ( .a "A • 

based In WC2. Initiative, [I j i , - s -Ml 5. 

confidence and an eager- . JuL U j ~ W£. • 

ness to team wm be. re- 1*1 Jt • 

warded by full training in ~ J J 

aB aspects of petsonneL • 

If you enjoy working in a J 

fast-paced, environment , • 

and can demonstrate . . / , _ . , , • 
sklfis of 90/50 shorthand /\AAA&KJA>V<y-A-jf J 
and typing, together wfth /» r f o m is e » rsQ • 
WP experience, a reward- ( GwatGarder* • 

mg career awaits you. w smartest secretarial peopfe. • 

PteMo contact Shin 31 a James S0eetWC2 01-240 99H • 

UoexoiD on m 

I I E I I S/ 

(J Covert Gardens 

smartest secretarial peopfe. 

31a James Street WC2 01-240 99H 

01-240 9911 


City Variety 



Raqntrad tv Bw UK 

The Company offers abroad-based recmltmem 
service. The seaetary wifl commurteatB with . 
letter. This varied role encompasses everything 
from basic housekeeping to training inpsychp- 
rnetric testing. Atremendousu^^ . 

versatfe secretary with an interest in recruftmant 

•S London SWE 6 LB. . 
><;. Tet 01^630 0231. 

^■Indtno 411 M 

. in pinaMHU Knlotita- 

We arc looking ft>r»frtqwny.twEpfulpg«on.»oineon> who h— 

•CngUai amber tongue atamurd wtm sound practical command or written 
andwaken Gannan.cBpaMeertnn>gl«itrKi<raBiQBnnBnlntD EnoHtfi. 
•BUkbUod Id ‘A* tevwl or (Hgm itaxURI and/or rrtnront oncMxpAfUnea. 
■ AMUty to comgoae own coRMpandance in EngliUi and Ocrmaa. 
^CauMbUhs- erdcaUiMi wm» bwlc ngura wortc/accmmo and dottas rcaidrlha 

“WllH iiUiH i» i iot nkj r«»i>on»l«i«Hty«Ddw>wiorliorowntnM»av». 

ib Eni ro Ew aB m uc h ct saJaa bdmtnMraUon tnchnUng liandUna 
lea and procw Mlm order* nm adwUMn/adverUslna *xnda- 
acoordlng Mnac and ftup w tone*. 

PlaBwcoottct Muddy by HMnftone.-PrtwMUMCt. 



■J;T> uh > • 

Director of fast growing sports 
promotion company needs a 
versatile Secretary with pood 
shorthand/lyping and weH- 
deveioped organisational skills. 
Defeated, happy team atmo- 
sphere, variety and invdvwmHTt. 
the chance to attend major 
sporting events make this an 
exciting and worthwhile oppor- 
tunity 20+. Salary te £8000 + 
excellent benefits. 

■r 493-8383 

m frVAMLL 



Wanted by principal at small 
firm of diartenid surveyors 
near Charing Cross dealing 
wfth property In Covert Gar- 
den and overseas. Experi- 
enced shorthand typist able to 
deal wRh variety of work in 
friendly environment Salary c 

TWO part-time considered. 
Apply Sprettey ft Co, 33 
Craven SL, London, WCZ 

Europe Regional Bureau 
£9,360 per annum 

An ppportuhrty has arisen for an experienced Secretary to 
join a major non-governmental organisation concerned with 
population issues on a global scale. 

A wide range of secretarial tasks are Involved to include 
some minute-taking and assistance in the organisation of 
regional meetings. 

Applicants should be educated to 'O’ level standard to 
Include English Language and a minimum of four years’ 
secretarial experience to include some at senior level. 
Shorthand/typmg 100/55 wpm. Word processing skills 

if you have the necessary qualifications and experience, 
then why not consider working for this charity concerned 
with one of today's most critical issues. 

Please send CV to: 

Personnel Department, 

^oMVVVn international Planned Parenttood 

JflfllWYi Federation. 

SSSSaii) 18-20 Lower Regent Street, 

l«l| If}) London, SW1Y4PW 

f^yES p '/y/ by 30tii January 


c £12,000 

We are a medium sized and friendly firm of 
solicitors, practising in SL James's, SW1 
needing to replace our versatile Personnel/ 
Administration Manager. 

If you can handle all aspects of secretarial, 
personnel and office management we shall be 
glad to hear from you. Ideally you will be a 
mature and diplomatic self-starter, with good 
organisational and communicative skills, 
PAYE experience and good typing. 

We offer good working conditions, twice- 
yeariy salary reviews, STL and 20 days' holi- 
day per year. 

Please send CV to: 


Amhurst Brown Martin & Nicholson 
2 Duke Street, St. James’s 
London, SW1Y6BJ 






In our large and busy School of Nursing. The successful 
canddate will be responsible for the efficient running of 
the department's secretarial service and providing 
administrative support The post requires someone with 
initiative, able to accept responsibility and supervisa 

Good shorthand and typing skills an advantage. 

Salary: £7.552 - £9, 1 69 pa mdusive 
Job • desc ri ption and application form available from the 
Personnel Department (at the above address} phone 
01-600 9000 ext 3188. Please quote ref no S/60. 

Closing date January 30th 1966. 


In WfcnbMon Wage soaks flnt 
class socrawy wfth oxcaflam 

£ 11,000 

PA/SEC. 27-35 (100/60). A' lent 
•duration, for MD premiiient West 
Bid co. Cholenging postern tor 
experienced Senior Sac. 
Reoponstofflty tor dents, press, 
research and office admini s tration. 
Phone 734 3768 or 437 8478, 133 
Oxford St Rac Cons. 




A way large inte rnation al City 
bank seeks an experienced 
bstking secretary to a vice* 
president. You mil enjoy a full 
PA role and wi often be 
expected to handle your own 
c or re sp ondence. There may also 
be tte opportunity to become 
involved m various research 
projects This is a new position 
offering good prospects nd 
exceoent benefits to nctede 
mortpge subsidy. 100/50 Stfls 



■aovtaafftCandAonti « 

£9*000 ^mortgage 

Prawns (MmUig or 
etocktxDldng experienca would 
be an advantage In this poateem 
which fewohma assUlng 0w 
Head of Operations. A bins 
towards computer technology 
would Be usaM bur more 
Important Is the abttty to hancSs 
senior lew* delegated 
responsfeObea wMM runrang a 
busy offica environment. 

c £10,000 hwobhs 

Pro gr a asl va American brokare 
urgently seek a "switched on" 
Secretary tor the Hoad of 
Euroband sales and tracing. 
Previous experience In this area 
bnacetHwteaf. You should be bt 
your mid 20*3 wtth a good leuel 
of aducaUon end good typing - 
rusty shorthand wd suffice! you 
shoidd also have a fleudoia 
atdtude S3 overtime 
requbemare* which Is palcL 
For more Worm a tiorn contact 
Mary HoOaod or Send Davie* 

TEL: 01-638 9205^28 0494 


TO £11,000 + MORTGAGE 

At least 5 years Director (aval expert- 
once Is the key » this vetted and 
interesting position wortung tor thu 
newly appointed senior executive. 
He wli tUf on vow organizing skBb 
and cekn antcutate manner to man- 
age his hectic day, taBc te VIP's and 
set up office systems, as won aa 
handing day to day aaoratanal re- 
sponsMtttea. Skto 80/60 although 
these are not aa important as a 
capable competent personalty aider 
presstfB- Age 2B+. 

telephone manner, pereonaOty end 
praaoraaitan also assentteL Wtt nit 
person with kits ol mwathre. 
wishing to be Involved m al aspects 
of a company. Aged 20-40. Salary 
enthely negouabte. 

Bteg Bosomy m 
941 9565 


Requires young secretary with 
previous experience for 
interesting and varied position in 
small Bond Street showroom. 
Smart appearance necessary, 
shorthand and typing essential. 
Immediate start required. 
Phono Lizzie 629 MG3 

pj*So iu£ street 

RBbtetet (H-339 3S5 




City Wine merchants 
incorporating wine bar, 

restaurant, ratal and 

expanding wholesale business 
seeks wall educated French 
speaking PA with excellent sec. 
skflb to work for directors. 
Responsibilities Include running 
■ busy office and regular liaison 
with suppliers and customers, 
salary £8,000 p-a. + benefits. 
Write with CV to Richard 
Old man. Bow Wine Vaults Ltd, 
10 Bow Churchyard, London, 


Required immediately for 
mainly non-resident 

businessmen in Knights- 
bridge office and private 
duties. Solitary disposition 
and ability to cope with long 
troughs and occesionu 
peaks essential- Salary 

Tel: 723 2080 

{No Agencies) 


A6E 25-35 TEARS 

Wel presented. Fluera English 
end French. Good typing eoBly, 
good memory, wilbig to travel. 

Please send CV end fol detafis 
to Box 1312 N, Tt» Times. 


S’ 01-278 9231 



We have . excellent 
opportunities for well- 
trained secretaries, 
accountancy, reception 
and genera! clerical 
staff who want a 
permanent part-time job 
2, 3 or 4 days per week 
or part ot every day. 
Ring Julia Mclndoe 
or Ann Lee for an 
appointment on 

437 3103 


FOR 1986 

For a good start to the New 
Year why not became one of 
our top rate Temps working In 
the world of communications, 
media and property. We have 
riteresting and varied sec- 
retarial jobs, and what's 
more, we pay, in the same 
week: Can us today on: 

01-499 6566 or 
493 8383 



A top international trading 

company Mete a roam, 
professional secretary to their 
managi ng director. He is 
exceUem w wk for and is teen 
to find nol only a good secretary 

wffl be encouraged te 



£7,500 oeg 

A prestigkns firm of Lioytfs 
Brokers seeks a young secretary 
to their directors, tea busy, 
fast moving environment You 
uril> enjoy pfimy of ctem contact 
opportunity to realty 
involved and learn the 

needed and rusty 





A well known organisation closely connected to the newspaper 
industry seeks a lively, capable secretary to two marketing 
managers. You mil need lobe a good organiser as the position 
is only 30% secretarial. Modem well equipped offices, with a 
trendy, social atmosphere. Benefits include 6 weeks holidays 
and subsidised restaurant. 60 wpm Typing ability needed. 

01-240 3551 

Elizabeth Hunt 

Recruitment Consuftonts 


unflappable and well organised 

to £9,000 

Th aC ampsjyb the parent of a Uynamto and repMy growing consultancy bawd 

In addtion to good secretarial sMb (45/90] omphasB ta placed on sell-mcst*- 
•Uoa mo atwtry to work on own teitnttva - so metimes under pressure - end 
good organteatfonal skBa. A good send presence and telephone manner plus 
bens of erthustesm are equufy essential qualttes sought Age range preferably 
mia twenties. 

Opportunity extetste earn bonuses and mare are good Irlnga benefits, 

Haase write wtth contact telephone No te Mr O. Vhrten (Rat. 34/T), 
T. Hlcbartl Jobnson Ltd, 

MAM Mouse, 24/26 New Bond Streat London W1Y8HD, 
or "phone 01-491 1100. 

c £8,500 plus 

We urgently seek someone in their 20s/30s for our Walton Street 
shop with some experience in retailing and interior design. EducaJed, 
i nielli gem and with the ability to use their initiative. The successful 
applicant will not only enjoy being on the sales side of this expanding 
family-owned company but also be a trained typist, have a 
knowledge of fabrics and a sense of colour co-ordination. 

Please send your CV or telephone 


304 Fulham Road, London. SW 10 9EP 01-351 3998 


£ 12,000 

Young chairman and Managing Director ol a highly suceaaaful personal 
computer company requires an except i onal PA. 

Hite important position wfl neccesdurta operating from two locations. The 
companies engrieerlng and operations HQ. WB, as woe as the flagship sates 
and auppou offices In Pan Mai SWi . You wfl bacorna actively Imoiwd In the 
day to day Issuea of computer sates, maricating and al elements of botomer 
service. HevteBty. ntmtivs and the abHiy to organise people to get thtigs 
dona are essemite quatitim. Thu successful candidate wfl also have 
excaSsnt personal appearance, communication SkBa and secretarial skfls 
(including s/h). DrMng Bcanco an advantage. Age approx 2B-38. 

Pteaaa sand cv marked confldantial to: Tha Managing Dlraeter. Planning 
Conaufiancy Ltd, Enterprise House. B-28 Woodfteld Piece, London WB 2BJ 


A vacancy has arisen for a Secretary to join a small team 
comprising the Corporate Finance Department of a City Merchant 
Bank. The secretary will work prindpaKy, but not exclusively, for 
the Corporate Rnanoe Director. 

Tha position calls for a self -motivated parson with minimum 
shorthand and typing skflls 100/60 and word processing would be 
an advantage. Whilst not essential, experience in a merchant 
banking environment would be an asset and the successful 
applicant wfll be at least 23 years ol age with experience of 
working at director level. 

A competitive salary is offered and other benefits include a non- 
contributory pension scheme, free membership of 8UPA and 
luncheon vouchers. 

In the first instance please writs, giving details of career to data, to 
Box 181 2N The Times. 


£9,500 + MS 

The busy trade finance department 
ol Ihte growing Oty firm needs ■ 
(atm. capable PA/Sec. with excel- 
lent spoken and written Greek. 
Woriong tor a young Vice President 
you w* be kwofred In oonstsm W- 
son with cSanta and oversees offic- 
es. and undertake general adminis- 
trative and Bocretartal duties. Age 
22-35. speeds of 100/80 raquted. 
Ptease ring- 

588 3535 

Crone Corkill 

Fhxsruhment Cornu Hants 
18 Sdon Street EC2 


The Executive Director of an 
international organization 
needs a dynamic PA to run a 
small but busy office near 
Liverpool Street If you can 
provide a calm friendly atmos- 
phere In a hectic environment 
and have good office stale this 
could be rar you. Languages 
would be an advantage out are 
not essential. Starting salary is 

£ 8,000 pUL 

Write Box No 1813 N The 

ouaifiE Kino 


TWs International firm of 
Management Consultants need a 
secretory to join two of their top 
Consultants. Your day will be 
varied dealing with everything 
tram complex world travel 
itineraries to learning about 
computers and new technology. 
You should be prepared to learn 
anything new and want to 
become fully involved. Typing 60 
wpm+ and good audio essential. 

Telephone 499 8070 




.... muctmrttir. _ 

ft-wn Oicm a 14 Ryder 

Losuibn. SW i Y <3AH <ner 31 30S4- Al L 


An advertising agency in Covant 
Garden require an Administrator/ 
PA with good typing speeds, 
numerical flair and administration 
duties. Previous experience 
essential. Preferred age 24+. 
Salary negotiable. 

Ptease send ym CV with details 

of ywr present salary to: 

Annette Mansfield 
35 Bedfordbury, 
London WC24DU 


Interested in travelling to differ- 
ent countries most of the year. 
Will participate in selected 
Market Research programmes, 
taking charge of logistic ar- 
rangements, pamopaturg In 
local PR events and willing to 
help on board during summer 

Please send your C.V. including 
passport photograph to: 

10 Ansdefl St, London W85BN 



S Trade 01-837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-8373333 or331i Fun^KSffiifr cmy 






01-584 3060 

• ■* 

Chalet standby £125! 





your HOME IN 



Pretty Interior deafened 2nd flr 
2 dW* bed flat, prase, porte, 
OIL SO equip In hit; recap, bam, 
eft, avafl Immed .l/Mt £280 

Exquisite Maws ftse. rooMterr. 
ptdtdns, good dee & turn, 4. 
beds, 2 recaps, 2 baths, Wt; 
avail immed L/teL £425 pv. 
Site Negotiator raq*d - *m 
G«K r»l Af^oMmanti 







gfc.01-629 6604 d 

DARKER. - To Carolyn M« Bameni 
and Frank an January 11. a damih- 
1W. Chariots? Ida SofchJa, a sfeler lor 
Adam. Oliver ana CMisiian. 

01003 - On January S 1986. In Kona 
Kong, lo Angela and Andre-.*. a 
daughter. Chtoe Amelia, lister far 
Hannah . 

BRITTEN on January 9lh 1986 to 
Susan >nce O’Coiuiori and Simon, a 
am. tiaGrry RMmt half brouier for 
Tom and Manila. 

COLEMAN, - On January l3in at 
CuclIicM Hospital lo ElIuMh moe 
Byron, and Piers, a son George. 

Brother far Chrhiophcr. 

DANE. - On January I4in at Odsiock 
I'nspiiai. saJiahur; . ic Maureen nitre 
Adannj aj.d PSti. a vrn, Jjmct 

Ceon w 

DUeEKfl 3 i on J.isu.m 1 yti at John 
Red'iMfe Hteri-.-t. O-.lorU. lo Paul 
.nd Sarah 'w: Df.iM 'laUQlilSI 
CIBSS. Qi January 14in lo Sarah ■ nr, 

Hull and l.. :i. a d.iughla r 
GLAJ3TIR. - On January itui m 
M ourn lle,iiid. how York, lo 
Saruh ;mU Jshu n daughter. 

KCOXHABI - On l-muary 14Jii. to 
Jennlirr 'in— end Ry hard - 

d.iurnior lEJlzaiiclli Mary,, a sislcr 
lor MPbetcA 

HOOPER - On Jan N, lo Carolyn inre 
L-.-,eri ami Vchael - a son iJohrr. 

Marty. P.''nti i 

LAV.'r.A NCE-OWEri - on Jarwirv 
: io Miranda 'n« wniiani,i and 
Pens', a --on. Adam John 

LEOrhWD. ■ On January 14. 1906. lo MEMORIAL SERVICES 

Pa.rKU, lure Snti«iuli and lack al 

Griirn'sKh. .'-i other son. Dors BRA YB HOOKE. - A Memorial Service 


New York EH7 o/W £200 rtn 

LAngelof CIMq.’w £346 MB 

Toronto £153 o.'w XSEGitn 

Jotiurg £264 o.'w £466 rtn 

Sydney £S99o.w £676 rtn 

Auckland £406 o/w 

Tel Aviv 

£346 MB 
£256 rtn 
£466 rtn 
£670 rtn 
£760 rtn 
£373 Rn 
£216 rtn 
£3SO rtn 
Cl 69 rtn 

Edmond, a broUu-r lor Chrlslcoher. 

J.irrro end Benedict DeograUM 
McAfiT HUE. - on 6ih Jan. to Gmian 

1 i- alley) ano /,;ajiai r . a son - 
Gvr'lou s>yUnr> 

KP’.WV, - on .lamuiy 1311. al 

Pi smew Me-andra Ho, pilar. 

■ larlon. lo Simon" and Jimmy - a 

■ r Jjmu:. •.-nglung 61b 5oz 
K2IM5A-L. On Jai-uarv 1 21 h lo Claire 

• «-? Cla-vlryi and ChrlsiuPher - a 
Sru?lilrr l-tavlf. 

nCYERSSACH On Jan nary lain at 
Lou lie- Margaret Hotpiui. AJdcrJioi. 
n sue ern John, a slsier for Jane 

5 "i .S 1 . 1 „ jjnu 'l ry . i. a *° ! SINGAPORE FUTURES High level 

. r 3:111 John, a | economic and political conference. 

lor Angela Mary Ladv Brnybrooke 
wiu lake Mace in the pariah ttiurch 
of Saffron Walden al 2.36pm on 
Thuirday. doth January, 1 986 


QOULDINO, SU- hmiam Bain. Bart In 
loving and grateful memory of my 
brother who died January 16. 1982. 


£230 o/w £31 

£1400 'W £31 

kofc £210 o.-w £33 

,vlv £99 o.'w £14 

Many other bargain, 

Tel: 01-370 6237 


O ’ w R eturn 

Sydney £42S £770 

Auckland £460 £774 

Bangkok £206 £330 

Jo-bum £264 £470 

LmAnnrl" £177 £360 

131 Carts Court Road SW5 
Phone lOIJ 370 6332 


The uiepoflt life of Dlertm has de- 
scried beaches, palms, hours of 
sun. tiolri*. pools tennis, rtdlng and 
windsuiT: special 20 Jan m £69 
hoi £179 h fb £30 prr 2 uk not 27 

J an -Feb- 1 0 Mar. 


01-441 0122 124 hri 


New York £249 JoDurg £466 
LOS Any £339 Nairobi £350 
Sydney £639 Bangkok £340 

Auckland £740 Toroma£249 

Te’ir-a mee Lig-lelii 3 ntf John, a 
• i-jughter - Sarah FcLgo. a iblcr for 
C«S\e ..M. 

VVAT-K5. - On ^onljy. Jnn^ir’ 13. 
:o ftremey iiww Cr.-.nii zt \ d nonh - 

A %ah 'Guv Frederick Scalleldi a 
ttolh"r m Ale-, Hid Rupert . 
'.’.TilTCOKrL On January I4ih al 
Chail'M*', 10 Sarah and 
Jarrn - adaadhier 


W 3”. - Y<vu waulj have made Ihe 
.-a.ri4.-crt Shvrra. Ha, e a lovely day, T 

TO n . jiv January Further details 
from Common wraith Institute, 
i.rhtpman Hioh SI. London W8 
6NQ 01 603 4636 exl 283. 



sporjsons of boats id me suck 

Prince fleet are invited to conlad Ihe 
Sponsored Boa! Owners’ Advisory 
£>i-. ice. Pendle Cottage. Stnke 
Albany. Market Horborough. LE16 
1>PZ where they may hear something 
lo their advantage. 

USA SUMMER JOBS, ranches, re- 
sorts. etc. Directory listing 50.000 
»M in w h Smith etc. or £6.96 from 
Var Wert g Park End St. Oxford. 

BARRIE LARVUI, formerly restaurant 
manager Browns Hotel. Where are 

ADAMS, JAMES, golf professional „„ _ 

and Ryder Uup Waver, on January 9 I *81. I win love you dearest friend 

In the Ir.lriedic therapy unll. bM 
Middlesex Hospital. Cremation has 
liken place pn-.-aicly on January 16. 
Donations If to desired lo Ihe James 
Adams Life Support Machine Trust 
Fund. M hilar i Ban«. WhlUun. 
Middlesex. A /C No (13037673. 
BALL-DODO - On January I4!h. In 
hosplial. al York. Henrtcna. aged 

etery. WP. Family flowers only 
pic use sent la Messrs J. 
R> mors Chanel 16' 17 Penleys 

Frovo Sired. York. OmuMom lo Age 
Co.TCfm or lo S*W*T Ward 34. York 
Dttnrt lie. pilot (or the benefll Of Ihe 
Nurs'rj S1.VI. If s« de-Jred. 

*«t‘ « Lodge Rest Home. 
Flnvrj."iaM'.-4. Deekihfre. and for 
m<-r:-- .’>( L'-movne Hold. Fleet. 
Hap"-’.! (re. i.i igaoer ireilrxdi In Her 

unchanged. 10th. 



sirqle return 


NArROEi £220 £323 

CAIRO £130 £200 

KHARTOL’M £166 £276 

LAGOS £220 £720 

DELHI-BOM £226 £330 

BANGKOK £136 £320 

DOL.T.L £- £420 

and manv more 
162. -.66 Regent SL London W.L. 

01-437 6255/6/7/8 
Late + oroon bookings wetcome 
Amex, visa diners 




Dart air 

130 Jnraiyn Street. SWI 
Phone. 01 -839 7144 (3 Urns) 

Non-Slop 3 Weekly 



AFRICA I Well. South] 

Long-cs'nbU'Jwil experts In 
discount travel. For nest service; 
TeL 01-930 1992,3995 


NairobL JetHirg- Cairo. OUbaL b- 
lanbul. Singapore. K. L.. Dead. 
Bangkok. Hung Kong. Svdaay. 
Europe 6 Uw Americas. Flamigo 
Travel. 3 New Quebec SL Marble 
Arch. London W1H 7DD. 

OMK 9217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10 00-1300. 

SEYCHELLES, £549 H/B. Ja nuai y 
spedals 01-036 4383. HoUday 

Islands. ATOL 2051 

Canaries. Spain. PortugaL Greece. 
Many laie special offers. Faldar os- 
471 00*7. ATOL 1640. Acc cm. 

and School '18-40 ago group). TeL 

01373 1666. 

TOKYO Lov-e on 12 h Ja^sy. ma-^UHOVIA SINGAPORE 

iv:' service on Sav™™? 

w>'6ay L17..I JantiiD. 1986. of Svrv^ESrft* 

ll.SCcm a 1 A.l Salrts Church nawaSIg'-R srnn MELB 

Ch-srcn noai. n-rt. Anrrwnrtli af %!!£?££&* feStk 

ll-e Ifjnc/Tr Hole! opposite ihe BAHRAIN TOKVO _ 

_* i!g 4 10 SKY LOP. D TRAVEL LTD 

^.V. d rro^?!i^3. U iufk£!i»''' DuK ” 2 Denman Street. London. Wl 
Hill*. Crown, erne. Fertohlre Tel o: -43} 3621 '300? 


Rcnroc. Lodge Lane, Wruall. nr — 

Bristol- on January IO, iwo days 
before his B7I h birthday Funeral 

K^^rapa^^urch 16 - 


471 0047. ATOL 1640. ACCCN, Wta «C- NWODWUt MUvtrlH. TS n 

Vha /Axnc*. 10380. 8S0C39 iWTttM. DOMESTIC AND CATERING 

PIANO. Small mahogany iipnghL in SITUATIONS 

Cass comL Tuned. £395. Can V 

reva-r nrrrcD* _ arranged <SeUv e»y. 01-4*3 OI4B IT). " J - - 

Europ?l25Aand n aUoSlnScara EARLJ bSv “J SUMMER JOBS ABROAD. Energetic 

Diplomat Travel. 01-730 2201. ?•***?' W*™ pracoeasymtoded young __»epple 

ABTA.IATA. ATOL 1366. _? c *“ re “V. 2706. required lo work in 1986 on 

FEMALE sSTOdec insnk Jacket soma European m i ur s i Be s as ra p rawn tu- 
“ — — — — ^ long. £875. Canadian saMa coals. Ova for the UlCs leading camping 

.. _ £4.500 01-624 9091. and caravanning c ompany . FuU or 

LOW COST FLIGHTS. Most Eurogran err of 6 iS*I1 Chippendale period half season. Applications from 
destinations. Can Valexander 01-402 mahoomy dlnlrm chaux^ca^ T7TO roivias. or from randMaha available 

0052. ABTA- ATOL I960. EAYsSf^. osKSVixtBl^ March 'Apnl _panlcuiany 

DUXomm Travel. 01-730 2201. 


2 Denman Street. London. Wl 
Tel o: -13} 3621 3007 

leday Thuralay January 16. 
linom. at Wra.-udl Parish Church. 
CASTLE - W. A. iMlkei. la re of Eastern 
Co. Cairo, peacefully an CU'i January 
In Mow: Carlo. Bloc C Resuierue 
EurokL Mon Ur Carla 

EurKU. Mon Ur Carlo LANZAHOTE. MALDIVES Holiday j 

CLOUS 7 ON - On 91h Januarv. 1986 01 «=* 4583 ATOL 2051 i 

in Snath. Olaf Harold aointm. _____ 

hirJMhd of Rachael and father or TAKE TIME OFF lo Parts. Amsterdam. 

discount (are*. O.T.C. 01-602 3236. 

CHEAP FARES worldwide. 
Express. O! 439 2944. 

USA XMAS- From C23S return. 
Major Travel. Ol -406 9237. LATA. 

DISCOUNTS HI. economy TTy us 
UsL FUghmookeri. Ol -387 9S0a 

Suvan. Mary and Robert. Service of The Hague, 
uwnkygiilng on Friday. 1 7th Luxembourg. C 

Jaiviary al 2pm al SI. Mary Ihe virln. Berne. Dublin. 

Mo-ikrn. Hadlry. BarneL Donations. Rouen Time Ol 
II destred. lo The C or ot vary Carr Close. London. S' 

Fund. General Oflloe. Barnet General NIPPOWAIR fer . 
Hmgllal. WcUhouse Lane. Barnet. AnthSaT 4t 

Hera Ermunla. Jamal 

COX - On January 14. 1986. Betty and mans- othei 

Joan of Leclvsinood Farmhouse. naUcns. Call the s 

Ollhltng. SuTKTt. Correction lo Ihe Ol 25* 5788 cc accepted, 
nonce In vcoterdas-’s edinon. 

PLEASE NOTE.- No nowers. Meuse. . . 

Wt MM6S.T1 may sent, if desired. IP , .... 

L-iteT4l Cancer Research Fund. A.i.>UL>l 

DIXON- - Oh January I2th '85. peace-, 

luay at home In LynMcad. Stewart, ■ 

Roerr aged T9 Loving huvbond, i • ; owt:- _ w 
of PhVllra and cji-ukj father of Mary ! . MIC* F 

Fimr/al ver-.-lee al Ly rated Church mil ' ■ " * ■ w * 

Friday 170, Jan a: 2pm followed by: I 1 -<*51 I par 
private cremalloti Family Oowera I VUU III 

Only, but donations If dmfred lo Bw* * . . 

Cancer Research Campaign, c o H. fhO I" 

Nigs 6 Son-, Lsd. 1 Caylord Rd < LI IO I 

GARDNEFL™^' ^ Ulp Dudley. or.j! '\V6^II 
January 15. In Norfolk and Norwich [ | - ; 

Hospital after a short lllne-s. aged 63. i f * Save neM r.< 

Husband o' Partridge and father ol I srmaTgi 

Hilary Thank-sguing service. St I DrJffcN Uaore 
Mary-- Wivnon. Xlam. Tuesday. Hrl»a3 fieart 

January 71. j Th6ISe®rr«i 

ORAHAM-VIVtAN. - On January ta. ! tC3 CI-5uW»7W»l»: 
praeetuliy it her noma in J ■■ '.*t 

warnlmuid- Sussex Audrey, widow I 
of Preston and beloved mother cf I .. > 

Harry and Caiherlne TTwrmo.': > T; • 

Owtr Funeral on Monday, jan-jary , , , , • 

29. at Slougham Pamti Church. West ^^■*“***^“ 

Sussex, al 12 noon FamDv flowers l • 

emly please bui donations H desired lo — ■— 

Maugham P.CC, c.o jar. BgBBflnMB 
Mallnew,. Church Slre-1. CudiRtM. 

Sussex Tel (0444, 4i soso. ur . Dl . 

HARVEY. On January 130,. 198*. HtAKLi 

suddenly on ms R2nd birthday. - , . 

Slanirv Wllford. of Oaakdl Avenue. Can t BIN 

Knul-Jord. Cheshire. Beloved 

husband or Marlon and father of n 1 1 n tj c • n 
Ross. Hugh and Catherine. Funeral UL6 flEAK 

service In KnuLsford Partsb Church. „.w . . 

cn Frieay. January I7!h al 3pm. wu » *3LC OC 
FoDowed Of pmaiecrrmathm. Fam- can and di 

O v flowers onlv Mrase. DonaUons If 

desired lo the NSPCC may be sen I to COaimiiaiC.IRg 
ihe Funeral DUrctom j a Wtusran. iDiersniina ftr- dc 
Klrg&LKnuWPrd TeL 656C 2644. umayreuBgiwci 

HAWKESWORTH - On January PI f KF Ain 
I aci. peacefully af home in fl&.-wc, aiu 
Y armouth, ble of WhihL Esme «r„fc 

Violet, beloved mother of Rachael .’ VIU, 1 CO'PMUIS. 
and Timothy, aged 87. Funeral at IczaciK 

Shalfteet 2.30gm January lam. 

Family flowws only. Donations w TL- p n . -( A BBfl 
Tlw irrocrtai Cancer Research Fund. 1 Be KO>ai A350 

HICK8- BEACH - On January Udi. in Aid of tbe De 

peacefully al home. victoria nnuA.i.D-ui 

Margaret fYox. beloved wire of -7 id Ite KOJO. 

Peter. mother of SaUv and grant- j Acton. London W 
mother of pickles, funeral at St 
LCH1. GTBYrtvKL on Monday. PwaiHMThetJawB 

The Hague. Bruaelv Bruges. VENICE CARNIVAL C79 - 31 st Jan ta 
Luxembourg. Geneva. Lausanne. 3rd Fob. wtffi accom £169. Also 

Berne. DubUn. Boulogne. Dieggc. Rome £98. Milan £69 & oar own 

Rouen Time OH LhL 2a Chester hole! Sr cor lure specials. Tel. Ol -237 

□oee. London. SWI Ol -235 0770. 8111 Dlsttnctlve Travel LUf 

NIPPOWAIR fer super seal sale to THE AIR TRAVEL ADVISORY Bu- 
Anflgua. SI Luda. Barbados. reau One can keeps the air fare 

Bermuda. Jamaica. Virgin Islands anil 01-636 5000 or Manchester 

and mar,? other Corttbean desa- *061' 832 3000 

ISHSK -Si 1 !!?? NTpgonalr LATIN AMERICA. Liwna flights e g ! 

O. .5* 5786 cc accepted. Rio £504. una £476 tin. Also pr-an 

Scaare 49: 2706. raovdied lo work In 1986 Oh • 

FEMALE vcc«M m »)( Jacket SOtno European mnpte Be a as re p rawn to- , 
long. £875. Canadian sable coals. nva for Uw UK , leading camping 
£4.500 01-624 3091. and caravanning co mp any, F UU or 

SET of 6 ,5*11. Chippendale period ha lf A ppliotttona 

mahogany dining chain, circa 1770: "Nte er b -■■■ ranaMalail IBmMMO 

£3.960. -.0253, 71 1712. fro^M^Apni 

" European language usually required. 

SERVICES Far appnranon farm p f e oe e write Jo: 

-- . — . Couriers. Dept T2. Euroang Travel 

.... Ua.. Edmmdspn House. Tanon 

CALL DOLLY MIXTURES ftar BncL KmdafOltL OiraMra WA16 

narodCN chuo-carcr, an* domestics. 6SC. 

Available and recvdreO. 24 hour 
A hs wert a g Sendee. Ol -646 OBBl. 

14 Beauchamp PL SWJ 01-267 
6066 Meo -SC-66 In demand. 

FRIENDSHIP. Love or Marriage. 

Dotelmr oil ages, anas Dateline. 

Dea* iTSTJ 23 AMnoOcev Road. 

CAUBRS Cvr I' ProfmsMrally written "£5"? *%!! 

SS? U n^’SSte e O?5gg2la9 Vt,a ' SubkHd M MMd 01-373 78BD 

and rosterad gunog hi Southern Eng- 
land. Free catalogue, 90a Hfghgaic 
Rd.NWC. 01-267 7671. 

SCHDMNEL. 1 MGO Grand Plano 
1966. mo d ern mahogmvy French 
pnUsh. ivory keys. Impec condition. 
Ol 373 2848 eves. 

PIANO WORLD. Sale Monos, second- 
hand, new. rccondOJoncd. Tty ns 
now for i mbe n mbt e uitc ea. 
Ptonowortd. 01-480 1356. 

CLAVICHORD. Macaxsar ebony MB 
afaruag sflvcr finings, v OteganL As 
new. £1.960. John Rowson fmakco. 
01-251 2X47. 

reeondftkmed. Quality at reasonable 
Micas. 326 Brighioo Road. s. 
Croydon. 01488 36X3. 

Menorca. San-Jaime 
2 Bed sgartmmL SoNTb tdtft bos- 
lUeev, large aeduded paOcr. garden, 
share hooL 


Home. Otterahaw “96. 

omee. 01-6961626. 


Stunning rorfctJll &- evening dron es 
m silks and velvet. Prlcea from £7B al 
Laura J amies o n . 23yA FUBmt Rd. 
SW3.361 916B. - 






. you help us, 
the more . 
we’ll find out; 

f*9ir* "O cegrr rwsaftc / 
ur Mi a «nari gtv :s - . 
Brftfef* Heart foutKtetf on 
The BfdFi rncano au^r.- 
C3 Clgu»R2eP1»:e J=w>cr, - JKH 

Can't always help 

will) care and devotion and twi 
can and do help by 
com musics: i eg with ar.-i 
mierpreuitg for deaf people 


With co »cnan tv. donations and 

The Royal Association 
m Aid of the Deaf and Dumb j 
27 Old Oak Road 
Acton. London W3 7HN 

TUNISIA for mat perfect hoSday with | 
imuiv daw A carefree nights. Ideal 

foe Jart rrk Cdl Tunisian Travel nlnrTM .mnurt . 

nu.-rju oi 373 44X1. BALDWIN Are * lOUES rrcuzrc rah lop 

lOTffxmi WOB-jrHTOF isx «. * pedeKal desks, bockuses. toote*. 

AnLJS E MlS , 2SFarr5a tha'rlrS' ehafra. Ue-ge wnrdtebn. flwtv 

tS??.' an m’ BScTures. sjvor 6 Umiixr Xtnm. Ol- BUTUR/VAUKT seeks pos i tion In 

WANTED uuuf Victorttn and _ 

ir»e erwri 10 loczi atotw. qw a rowari^r 1 fujni'un* (trakr 

s5nS?o:^9?nS: 4 fct * 5BCO oiSfk EDUCATIONAL COURSES 

A eSftR VE u.iIS W] l ”c« *"T 4CWBLLE2Y COM. DtaunmxH 

vbSKra (Sdk!?-. 5 m iuS^Sxs*®® 1 urgen-.y wc>:. TeL 01*105 8539 LEAHN TO COOK cm due ceroflcMe 
VrT ^ ur * HoJ1da.-,.061 834 SOSJ. ITt course. IX wpekx startlna Jannaiy 

FUISHTS Greece. Ataxrvr. Canatlex. ENGLAND V WALES. 4 eckcts DT- >3 Brochure: [wet Place School of 

Swan. Ornmuiv .^llaii- SwCzertond. eijSs WMOT^ Cooker y , i. [wwt Place. Oxford 

BUTUR/VAUeT mb postdon In 
England, tmnecoffile refx. ac Tete- 
■Vti SL snpsoit-rai-stour. Wants. 



bon fireplace comptafe wBh band 
painted tn«. fine ti n b o jg ed bran 
head and oraic. Rconnr offers w: 
Adam UppOt Ol -7033666. 


imu VBBCE/WBM WMt Lgi tsa. wBi 
502x502 nCJta gdn. 3 tbna. ET 40.000 rmN 
n nrnmm. 4 ON BeStn. 3 taths (2 
tmwttJ. SORxtSt ftorafie Ut bTst bar. 
Com. rxk Z9k2irc a* mm Sinsn. 7 
Itsmar eHartxnnQ tCKB. amort lor Z rare. 


imu reset RunmHB m. lqb imt 

IM Z400 sq ft Nang sooB) aver Riobo& 
C*hI gat xaedw baar gCi + 50R tnw 
nv gin. Lee pen + ptm 3dNt MublZ 
Wfcm& 1 dt mi. cflm iM&e/43i ted pA 
aw ; ana l Ml Garrazn B mb , Id MSI 
blw (Ur. study, ; Ano tm/BR- 
WtaMft. Lga &* aspKt me XHtitBX 
bdcoiMS Sta.OOO spM to pmntmi. FH 


01-493 9941 or 439 99B1 


Cndeon, UB lawyer. >7 BuMroda 
SiroaL Landau Wx . 01-496 0813. 


ODCON HAYNARMT 0180 27381 
Sep prog. Daily 2-lfi. 6.15. &4B. All 
pates bookaWo In - advance. Accra 
and Vtxa uieutionc -bookings 
w te conte. ■ * ■ 

6111) Znfo 930 4260/4209. A 
CHORUS LHME £PGJ tn 70mm. 8« 
progs Doon opm Dolly 1JO. 440. 
8.001 All progs Bookable tn advance. 
Accra and .visa Phans booidxm 
WS K P I BB. Credtt Hot Line 899 19297 
24-hour mervtcu. £2.00 MUX avail- 
■Me Monday an pert*. 


Doors opaii Daily 2.00. 5.00. TAB. 
Redooed prices for under tea. 
Student cant noKMis. UBao holders, 


Cnw Kalman 




Many exanudos would = 

SCHtOi AT THE ELECTRIC 229 1 inm i W ... . ^ ^ . ™ 

! iKh.ste-xxon of gttv 

gw a._ B6 ABO. 7.0a 9.00.1 

(27 limit TO BREZHNEV 




DStrrre »si lob. md. 7job. Maati. h,^m _ 

^ ;• 1894-1988. & WteTOr Baytte 1896- 


2.46. A4Q. 6.80. 8JWL 6 Ste 1 1.18. 

«CMN ON raUNOTON SHEEN, 734 9O0B. REYNdlDS OPNi dally 

106 &k Son (recmced rate Sc 
_ TACK TO THE FUTURE^ til) 1-48 MOL Ada £3. £2 ooM 

Dolby SCereo. 1.40. 368.6-Sa 8-48- booking 01-741 9999. 

Span. Germany. Italy. SwCzertond. 
Zevn. Ol -434 1647. ATOL AXTO 
LAN2AROTK. wanted quiet villa apt. : 
Ptaya BUnra p ref erred. 13-27 Feb. 
Adam 2037 <062 7S3>. 



TV stam j- >: 

K-rL-i.-fj.' McwTst -i .j'-vp; 
'•Vi v : :t vT^ntPri SnlAi :: -taj; 
inirifi'.-rLo^-iiar iwrL* .m 
itjLt; :-•> -:i'f'- I.i -~j j::.T-iw-.r. 



jwinf ay. KTB nm M borne 
irvL-wL '•red hnrery empkaym en i 
sncaccr. So devote ntyte! le. Ex- 

15 Brochure: Cwert Place School af 
Cookery. 1. [wot Place. OMOrd 
OX2 77CD TeL 614719 
[rexmwnl for young peotee with 
Iranung and behaviour dtmruKJev. 
Tte 01-994 1574: or 01-624 97X7. 

TU 01-994 1574: ear 01-624 97X7. 


Jan uary _SCCh_ al gJ^Hh^ Aa , en- , Worwag m ^ loMalm Euez Kril 

aulrtes and nowera lo CouM A • 
Chaomn Lid. Crcnw-ai'i Rd I 
GroyVwn. Huvmead. Surrey. Tel- 1 
042 873 4436. 

KENNEDY - On January 3rd. 4/1*7 a 
Men Elheh. Hilda Winifred, iged 89. 
grandmother to Annabel and David. 

Ci emotion has taken pi«e 

LLOYD-PHUAIPPS. - Peacefully on 
< ! th January 1986 In htnpnat. la m« 
»Wfh yra/, Hugh voughan BHlairi of 
Dai* Casoe. Ho vert ord wen Ever 
loved and loving htsband of Ova 
Funeral Monday January 20th, 
servin' and tmrmmeru 2pm at si 
James 1 Chureh. DNc. flowers lo Ihe 

MAYNARD- TAYLOR Aldersey. Che 
dep-'ty loved husband of KaSiieen 
and much loved father to Edwins. 
Daniel aad Aidrrary on Wednesday. 
Januarv 8th. At fils own request 
there was a private service on 
Wednesday. January' 1 5th. Hewffl be 
laid to ran Hi the family vault ol 
Brook wood Owndcnf. 

MORRIS- <ne« Spleen EBaaBsth Uoyd. 
of waning House. All Strethui. 
Shropshire, widow of Hugh, mother 
of Arm and David. Valerie's mother - 
in-law and grandmother of btcstvsi 
and Timothy, at her home on 
January 12. Funeral at AH Strmica 
Church 12 noon on Tueadu. 
January 2X. followed by private 
cremation. Family flowers wily. 
Donations to SI Michael and All 
AtKWb. AM StrtKoa. 

NUGENT - On 1 lui January 1986. in 
horatud after a short Ulnoss. Edmund 
Richard Crawford Nugent t. enc 
IOO. ARA.E3. AJVl.I.M.I. Of Ncvall 
Road. Have, aged 77 years. Beloved 
husband of Mildred, devoted lalhcr or 
Peter. Ann and Elaine and much 
loved grundfother. Funeral service al 
Die Downs Crematorium. Brighton, 
ea Monday 20th January at 11am. 
Flower? May be sent to Xhtnganl 1 
Sons LUL 90 SaocvtUe Rd. Hove. 

01-878 9141 


Cancer Relief- 

Macmillan fund 

‘TTWfr.Vi-jJ'j-.C'S: jreBeel 

with Cancer? 

Your legacy, covenant, 
donation (cash, cheque. 
PO. or by Credit Card) 
will help to rrolace 
pain, anxiety anti despair j 
with cahn and hope. 
Please, send NOwto*. 
National Society 
for Cancer Belief 
Boom 2E. 50 Dorset Square 
London NWl &QL 
Telephone: 01-402 S125. 

Vhcre ihe sun lake 
its winter holiday 

From £189 

Aqua Sport Hond 




Coni Sea 






King Sdocwo Palace 


Amya Sanesta 5 far * 


7 Nights S/B 
* No single Supptaacxa 
X 3wctfafbrprio:(jf2av«I»«r 

Busuwwr-jBi. an o a ca imasnatrvv. 

ca rt m ,s xTniiSr . can lY womra 


^ Cornwall 

ARMY OFFICERS WIFE mt e its d . . 

from abroad. irpmaxM aawaors 8 "tel m oao d raira w 
kart cook. uda I — rmnn-nT *a r ow nikteu nn IH 

teteCh iaaiste congenial board Modi si aw of te Um. fa 

roma w«3 «. T*! 01-733 047 A MMag. sN MM Usa- OSSN 

FEMALE GRADUATE. 22 ywa vUL aa okL .huraitoa a te sate- Owteh 

co mr r . cretat acd pram d ndort- *“> «f»1 dra a, wua . " a 
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WO MALE GRADUATES, mid 20 l " 

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&S. , MBr ,K!l,Afc * Most. have previous 

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j DECAFFEINATED TEA. Probably ttte 

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Loncon, uC4V SPA. or tag 01-208 

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aumd »r moor in writma from B» 1 
sste Ubummot. are by BW Sotlclnm. , 


bjdra made before such Mg are 

Dated mis etghm day «* January 

ft- J. Ness, 


i)i\in oi rm ii \ i i s 

131 IV teo hOT HciEit 
Norwich Wtft SNZ 
Tat 0603 483 949 


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January isth nunemoM 




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appointments overfTjOQ. General secretoriaL 
^^Residential, Commercial, Town ft-CouaSy. 
Overseas^Rtaiials. - 


For private client with impeccable references 
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reception rooms, 9 bedrooms, 5 bathrooms, 
plus outside facilities, staff cottage (5) flat (5) 
and large park/grounds. Minumum lease 3 

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or call 01 626 9998. 

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©01-837 3B3/J3U 


’s television mid radio programmes 



Ceefax. 328 Re^ontf News. 

3.55 T.T.VrTea-ttne tetevfston for 
the young. 4.10 SqpeiTed; 
4.15 Jaefcenory. Bernard 
CrWtins reeds the fourth part 
of Kenneth Grahame’s The 
Wfndln the WBows (r% 420 . 
Ulysses 31. Science fiction 

5 20 JohnCrairen’s Neweround. 
525 Blue Peter, Peter Duncan 
Joins a dean-up team working 
on the wals of BSackbroofc 
Reservoir (Ceefax). 

525 FM Class. Video quiz for 
schools, presented by Debbie 

620 New* with SueLawtey and 
MchotaeWRchtriT. Weather. 

626 London mrt . ' 

7JJQ Topol the Pope presentedby 
Mike Read and pixie Peach. 

7 JO EastEndera. A newspaper 
report about Angie's court 
case causes embarrassment 
for Dan and Angie; Sue and All 
mink they have-found their 
ideal home; and the Fowlers 
mot iv e a visit from Mohe la 'a 

educational welfare worker 

100 Tomorrow'sWodd.Newsof a 
method to freeze blood; a 
camera that takes 24 pictures 
a second a banking machine 
that con v ert fore ig n currency; 
a new anb-graffU coating; and 
a device to hang on the 
washing Una that bleeps at the 
first hint of rain. ; 

8J0 A Question of Sport Bffl 

, - Beaumont and Emlyn Hughes 
arejotned by Aimabef Croft, ' 

_J4«ol Graham, Stove Jones. 

1 ^KennyrSansom(Cepfex). 

8.00 News without# Somervffle 
and John Huritohrya. Weather. 

130 BtecksdderfL Good Queen . 
Bess appoints Btockadder to 
. tf» post of Lord High - 
Executioner but he is reluctant 
to chop off anyone's beads. 
Panic ensues when the Queen 
demands to see some of the 
. victims of his axe. 

155 Question Tima. Sir Robin 
Day's panel consists of Harriet 
Hannan, Labour's spokesman 
on social services, DesWRson, 
- president-eloct of the Liberal 


of The Observer, and defence 
. minister, Norman LamonL 

list Great Experiments. Wfflam - 
Henry Fox-Talbofs dfscovsry 
__ that led to mortem 
x photography «. • 

. . c; 1120 Maestro. The boxer, Tommy 
Farr who fought the legendary 
.—X Joe Louis In Matfison square ' 
• Garden Ini 8370). 

■ ’ 11-51 Weather. 


6.15> Good Momtog Britain 

and Nick Owen, News with 

6-30, 7 JOB, 7 JO, 100, U0 and 
100; exercises at 120 ard • 
117; sjxxt at 135 and 734; 
regional reportat 7.15; Moya 



926ThMHpsnewr. headlines. - 
130 JBbrSdiootatheevtilutieaiof 
• the. telephone 142 teaming to 
. . -raad-with BB Odde 154 - 
Homes for plants, anhnalffand 
V humans .1111 Part two of the 


flteir wall drawings 1120 A . 

: double 18 th birthday • 

celebration 1127 How we 

:• used to five- - 

12JM The Giddy Gama Show, with 
Bernard Bresstew, BW. Fraser 

- arid fledyera Kyle 12.10 
Puddle lime. Puppet serfesr 
with Neil tones (r) 1Z30 Hie - ' 

. . SuBnans. 

Parkin IJO Thames news 
120 Falcon Crest 
225 Home Cookery Club. The 
Bake 220 Daytime. Sarah 

- Kennedy chairs a studio 

. discussion on a matter of 
topical importance. - 
-100 Game-Drama serial set in the 
Coveht Garden vwjritshope of ' 
a fashion design 'company . 

- 32S Tharnee nawe headlines 
320 Sons and Daughters. 

420 The Giddy Game Show. A 
* repeat pf the programme 
shown at noon 4.10 The - 
- Tetebuga. Cartoon series 4.15 
-■ RagdoHy Anna. Adventures of 
a-doRttiat calrwafic and talk. 
Witt) Pat Coombs 425 
Beflamy's Bugle. David 
Bellamy wflh ways In which to 
help preserve Britain's natural 
beauty 420 Danger- ■ 
Marmmade at Work (OraoteJ(r) 

5.00 Mas the Jester. Cartoon. 

115 Thames Sport presented by 
' . Brian Moore. England's new 
centre pal ring, Jamie Salmon 
and Simon HaBfday, discuss 

525 News with Martyn Lewis 100 * 
'«■ Thames news. 

B2S Hefpl VlvTayior Gee with 
news of Greenwich Mind 
Befriending Scheme; of 
tomorrow’s GLC Women’s 
Committee conference; and 
the East Finchley 
‘ Ntfghbowhood Contact . 
Scheme. . • • 

625 Crossroads. Two can Uveas 
" cheaply as one, ftoy tries to • 
convince Anne-Marie. 

7.00 Emmer da le Famt Jackie's 
attempts tosettie things wito 
Site ends In disaster tor botfr . 

- --—of them.- --v — 

720' Knight fUdar. Michael Knight 
. • andhislalkkig car have the job 
of intercept in g a remote : . 

- contorted mime on wheels. 
130 (fender. Windows. Arthur 
attempts*! start a Daley 
Health CM> faaturinglhe 
DateyWbfkout (r) (Orade). 

130 TV Eye: LMng lb e Hundred. 

• .Wlwaremore people Mng to 

. (postponed from last week) 

(seeChokw). . 

1ILOO News at Tan with Alaatair 
Burnet and Pamela 
Armstoortg. Weather, followed 
_ by Thames news headBnes. 

1020 A Sense .of the PssL The first 
of a new series about Britain’s 
recent past, presented by ' 
Graeme Garden. 

11.00 Kojak. The policeman ia on the 
trefl of a roa n dressed as a 
priest whHe planning a 

12.00 Thafs Hollywood. War films. 

1225 Night thoughts. 


Phantaaestuck on themes from 

Rtenzi (Barenboim, piano); 

Beethoven's balat music The 
Creatures of Prometheus (New 
PhiThamwnteJ.tlOQ News. 

105 Morning Concert (contd): Auber'i 
Fra Dlavota (Academy of St - 
Marttn-irt-the-Ftekls); CHea's La 
ddci&slma efflgle (PavarottO; 
Chopin's Polonaise Fanta&fe to A 
flat. Op 61 (Arrau, piano); 
Mascapri'a Apri la tua finest* 
Oris), sung by Pavarotti; Strauss's 
sate DerRosenkavafier (Detroit 
SO).t 100 News. 

106 This Week's Composer 
Schumann. Violto Sonata No 1 in 
A minor. Op 105 (Oleg, piano and 
RaufL piano); Romance, Op 94 

1100 Musical 

bataaie da Marignan 
Clement Janequin): Armteale 
Padovan's Aria defi& bettagiia 
(Hesperion XX); Byrd's The 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

First Book of Spells; James 
Clarke's Kvafi; Steven Klngs’s 
Phantasy V; Rhtan SamueTs 
Shadow Dance; Andrew Vores’s 
Humming Harvest Gone Snow 
Motor, t 

1155 Mozart’s String Duck ftafian 
String Trio play the Duo in G. K 
423 far viola and violin: Duo to B 
fiat, K 424; and Beethoven's Trio 

1157 News. 1100 Closedown. 

100 Ceefex. - 

826 Daytime on Thus Maths - 

- proportions: 158 Expiring an 
underground stream. 10.15 

. . Science: stretch, weigh and 
bounce. 1028 The body. 1120 
. Part one of the three-episode 
historical drama. The Silver 
Buckle. 1 122 A play that looks 
at the same story from two 
different viewpoints. 1125 
Courses avaHabla to institutes 
. . of. higher education. 

1105 Lesson 12 of the Italian 

conversation course. 1220 
Part two of the German 
language course for tourists 
... senes. 1225 David BQ&arny . 
begins a series on the 

- " botanical history of the United 
States (Ceefax) (ends at 1 .15). 
120 The fishing industry of 
Naples. 128 A dramatization 
of a Scottish border baflad. 

2.00 For four and five-year- 
. olds. 2.15 Music rhythms. 

• - 220 The events laadng to the 

- Cuban missile crisis. 320 
. Ceefax. 

526 News headlines and weather. 

520 Red Herrings. The first in a 
series of eight programmes 
examining issues which 
.. Involve yourigpaapto..Kfflrn 
animals In experiments and for 
food Is this evening's subject 
and among those Interviewed 
are members of the Animal 
Liberation League who have 
served prison sentences for 
damaging laboratories. 

100 Star Trek. Captain Kirk, Mr 
Spocfc and Dr McCoy are the 
prime targets for three beings 
in search of human bodies (r). 

150 Discovering Animals. The 
second of eight programmes, 
examinea the rote of the 
' hedgehog. 

7.15 FarfromP»adlM.Anew 
seven-part series alerting us 
. to ecological dangers. This 
. first programme. The Warm 

Forgives the Plough, illustrates 
how man's development (s a 
catalogue of breaches with 
nature, beginning from the 
time he learned to cultivate the 
land. * 

. 8.10 Bookmark, presented by lan 
Hamilton. Sir Angus Wilson 
casts his Bxpert traveller's aye 
over some of Britain's 
instltulions. Thera Is a profile 
of thriller writer H R F Keatteg, 

; and an interview with Simon 
. Burt who has recently 
' published his first collection of 
abort stories. 

100 Yes, Prime Minister. Jim ' 

Hacker wrestles with the 
problem 'of who should 

• interview him forthe first time 
as prime minister. Should It be 
Sir Robin Day, Brian Walden, 

. Terry Wogan or Jimmy 
Young? Sir Humphrey has his 
*. uaws on the matter, of course 

920 40 Minutes: Flight From 
Vatoraay. The story of Neil 
GflUes a 23-year-old Hebridean 
. (see Choice). 

1110 Put Bteck. The final series 
begtos with a match between 
■ '.the holder, Doug Mountjoy, 
and Patsy Fagan. 

1136 Newsnigtft 1120 Weather. 


220 FBiw Charfle Chapfin 
- CamM* (1938) A quartet of 
fBms matte in 1916. The Count 
in which Duplin plays a tailor 
mistaken tor a count; The 
Vagabond finds ChapOnaa a 
- poor violinist who rescues a 
gypsy girl from a fats worse 
than death; In The Rnunsn he 
vies with his boss for the love 
of a girl; In Behind the Screen 
- he creates havoc in a film 
studio while employed as a 
property assistant 

4.00 FBncThe Cross-Road 
Gaflows* (1950) starring John 
Warwick as a Scotland Yard 
Inspector Investigating the 
murder of a couple found 

. battered to death by a farmer. 
Directed by MonQomery TuBy. 

‘ 420 Countdown; Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Andrew Munday from Sussex. 

5.00 Ffinc Btacfc Anger (1946) 
starring Dan Disyea and June 
Vincent The unfaithful wife of 
a booze-sodtten songwriter is 
found murdered. Her lover Is 
found guilty of the crime but 
the man's wife is sure of his 
innocence. WRh Peter Lorre. 
Directed by Roy WiBiam NeHL 

620 From the inside- the Unions. 

■ This second programme in.the 
series examining the trade 
unions at grassroots level - 
features women from two 
companies in the depressed 
north-east Should they take 
strike action against their 
companies and Jeopardise 
' their jobs or should they agree 
to toe the managements' 

. fines? 

720 Channel Four news. 

7.50 Comment With his views on a 
matter of topical importance is 
Sir Geoffrey Chandter, cfirector 
of Industry Year 1986. 

820 Opinions: Misrule Britannia. 
Wynn Gocfley argues that 
British manufacturing industry 
is closer to cofiapse than even 
the bleakest forecast has 

820 Treasure Hunt Lynne Crinson 
and Tim Pearce from Stroud 
send Anneka Rica racing over 
the Surrey countryside 
• (Oracle). " 

130 FBm on Four -Take 2: Red 
Monarch (1983) starring Cofin 
Blakely, David Suchet and 
Carrofl Baker. A Mack comedy 
set in Russia at the time Stalin 
and Berta were all-powerful. 
Thek fragile partnership is 
held together by their fear of 
. each other as much as their 
common Georgian 
background. Directed by Jack 

1125 Starting Ou& To Be or not to 
Be, by Grazyna Monvid. A 
. drama, starring Joanna 
Lumiey and Kirsten Hughes, 
about a young girl who arrives 
.home at mid-term from her 
boarding school supposedly 
suffering from anorexia 
nervosa. . 

1125 My Brother’s Keeper. The 
work of the Langley House 
Trust which helps with the 
rehabffltation of ex-prisoners 
(shown previously an Thames 
Tele vision). Ends at 1225. 

Radio 4 

common Bnk. They are to 
writers Katherine VWtoh 

open from 7.00 pm). Among 
those taking pert are Sir Keith 
Joseph, the Secretary of State for 
Education, and Sir WBfred 
Cockroft, chairman of the 
Secondary Examinations Council. 

320 Does He Take Sugar? Presented 

920 Giyn Worsnfp In the Sound 

925 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine . 
presented by Paufl Vaughan. 
Includes comment on the 
Reynolds exhibition et the R2. 
1115 A Book At Bedtime: The Fly 

Paper by Elizabeth Taylor. Head 
by Lolly Cockerell. 1029 

1020 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial Wbrid Tonight 

11.30 Today in Parliament 

12.00 News: Weather. 1223 Shipping. 

VHP (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
525-6.00am Weather; Travel. 
105-1025 For Schools. 1120- 
1100 For Schools. 1.55-3. 00pm 
For Schools. 520-525 PM 
(continued). 12.30-1.10am 
Schools Night- Time 
Broadcasting: Radio Geography. 
1220 Beltest Lough. 12.S& Lough 

Radio 3 

625 Weather 720 News. 

725 Morning Concert Casella's 
Pagaranlana (Amsterdam 
Concertgebouw); Liszt's 

konev's Piano Concerto No 2.t 
1125 Six Continents: Foreign racRo 
broadcasts, monitored by the 
BBC. ■ 

12.15 Russian Music (corrtd): 

Stravinsky's Symphony In E flat 
Op l.t 120 News. 

126 Bristol Lunchtime Concert 
Anthony Gddstone (piano). 
Mozart s Rondo in A minor, K 
51 1: Schubert's Sonata in A, D 

220 La Gioconda: Ponchietfi's opera, 
sura In Kalian. Votto conducts 

Scale. Milan Marla Callas has the 
title rale, and the cast also 
Indudes Cappueffli, Companeez, 
Monreale, Ercolanl, Pier Miranda 
Ferraro. Cossotto, Vinca and 
Carlo FOrtL In four acts. On 
records,! 425 News. 

5.00 Maidy for Pleasure: a selection 
of recorded music, presented by 
Michael Berkeley. 

620 Bandstand: Band of the Blues 
and Royals, with Geraldine Allen 

western Overture; Rrmsky- 
Korsakov's Concerto for darinet 
and military band; Bogisch's 
Overture tor Wind Band.! 

720 The Heroines: Jana Wenriam 
reads the story by Elaine Eveleigh 

72S Bartok and BruckneR Ashkenazy 
(piano) plays Bartok's Plano 
Concerto No 2 with the Berlin 
Redo SO under ChaJlly. Pert one 
of concert.! 

725 One Pair of Ears: the week's 
music on redo, previewed by 
pBter Porter .t 

8.10 Concert part two. Bruckner's 
Symphony No 3.! 

9,15 The Star Wars History: Europe 
and America - ReconcBed 
Among the Stars? Final 
programme In the Michael 
Charlton series. Contributors 
include Mr Edward Heath, MP, 
Helmut Schmidt, Sir Hermann 
Bondi and Maurice Couvs da 

1020 Musk: in Our Time: Capricorn 

(under Friend) play Colin Griffith's 

Cotin Berry. 620 

825 David Hamilton. 1020 Jimmy 
Young. Food Information from Tony De 
Angel. 1.D5pm David Jacobs. 220 
Gloria Hunnlford. 320 Music all the way. 

4.00 Barbara Dickson. 620 John Dunn. 

8.00 WaBy Whyton Introduces Country 
Club (featuring The Forester Sister and 
T_£L Shepparen. 925 Sports desk. 

1020 Another Dlgance indulgence. 
Songs and humour from Richard 
Dlgance (with Terry Morrison and The 
Kipper Family). 1020 Star Sound Extra. 
(Nick Jackson). 1120 Brian Matthew 
presents Round Midnight (Stereo from 
midnight). 120am Charles Nova 
presents Nlgmricte. 320-4. DO A Bttie 
night music. 

Radio 1 

News on the half hour from 620am unta 
920pm and at 12 midnight. 

620am Adrian John. 7J3Q MDcs Read. 
920 Simon Bates. 1220pm News beat 
pan Parkinson). 1225 Gary Davies. 320 
Steve Wright 520 Newsbeat (lan 
Parkinson). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 720 
Janice Lang. 1020-1220 Andy 
Kershaw. VHP Radios 1 & 2: 4.00am As 
Rarfio 2. 1020pm As Radio 1 . 1220- 
420am As Radio 2. 


SJM NewGOasJc. 720 Nows. 729 Tummy-Four 
Hours. 7 JO Sing GospeL 7.46 Network UK. 
820 Nnws. 823 Rafleettana. 8.15 Country 
Style. 820 John PeeL 920 News. 929 Review 
of me British Press. B.15 The World Today. 
920 Franda) News. 9.40 Look Ahead. 925 
Monitor. 1020 News. 1021 Jerome Kem. 
American Gentua 1020 Radto Active. 1120 
News. 1129 News About Bntam. 11.15 New 
Ideas. 1125 A Lenar from England. 12.00 
Radio NewsraeL 12.15 Top Twenty. 12-45 
Sports Round i®. 120 News. 129 Twsmy-Four 
Hours: 120 Network UK. 1.45 Short Takas. 
220 News. 221 Outlook. 225 Jtdts Boot Jury. 
320 Radio NewsraeL 3.15 The Plenum's 
Yours. 420 News. 429 Commentary. 4.15 
AasJgnmenL 445 The World Today. 520 
News. 529 A Letter from England. 6.15 Tna 
Ptaaataa'a Yours. 520 Nbws. 529 Twenty- 
Four Hours: 515 A Jetty Good Show. 1020 
News. 1929 The World Today. 1026 A Letter 
hom England. 1020 Financial News. 1540 
Redactions. 15X6 Spans Rdundep. 1120 
News. 1129 Commentary. 11.16 Merchant 
Navy Programme. 1120 Nature No t ebook. 
11.40 Farming WWW. 1220 News. 1225 News 
About Britain. 1515 Radio NewsraeL 1220 
Music now. 1.00 News. 121 Outlook. 120 
Short Takas. 1.45 Book Choice. 120 In The 
Meantime. 220 News. 229 Review of the 
Brush Press. 515 DsvekmmenL 220 
Beethoven and the VKAv 520 News. 325 
News About Britain. 3.15 Tha World Today. 
320 Business Matters 420 Newsdesk. 420 
Country Styw. 545 The Worid Today. 

(AH times in OBIT) 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m; 1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909 KHz/330 rr; Radio a* 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5; Radio 4: 
200kHz 1 500m: VHF -92-95; LBC 1 1 52kHz/261 m; VHF 97.3; Capital: .1 548kHz/T 94m: VHF 95.B; BBC Radio London 1 458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World 
Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

pnr •» Wales: 5b35pm-6.00 Wales 
ppv# 1 Today. 825-720 The 

Happiest Da 
Scotland: 1C 

f 1 120-1220 am FBm 86. 
i ara-1020 Dotaman. 



625-7.00 Reporting Scotland. 820- 
8230 Causa for Concern. 1120-1125 
News and weather. Northern hetend: 
525 pm-S.40 Today's sport 5.40-620 
Inside Ulster. 625-720 Fast Class. 
820-920 By-election Special. 1120- 
1126 News and Weather. England: 
1220-1220 pm (North-West only). Two 
by Two. 625-720 Regional news 

S4Q Starts 120 

Countdown. 120 


ErWO. 820 Dines. 920 Y Cledwr. 920 
Hfl Street Blues. 1025 Film: Sunday in 
the Country. 1126 doeedown. 

220 BowtS. 5.15-5.45 
620-625 Northern Life. 1 120 Bawls. 
1200 Rowers of the World, Closedown. 

CHANNEL As London except 120 
onMrereci- now*, i^o Home 

Cookary. 220 Falcon Crest 320-420 
That's My Dog. 5.15-525 Blockbusters. 
620-625 Channel Report 1020 
Prisoner Cefi Block ii 1120 Mysteries 
of Edgar Wallace* 1220 Ctoseaown. 

ftRAMPIAN As London except 
unAWflWt 120 News. 120-220 

The Baron. 5.15-525 Blockbusters. 
620-620 North Tonight 720-720 The 
McCaknans 720-820 Falcon Crest 
11.00 Barney MUer. 11.30 Crann Tara. 
1220 News. Closedown. 

TSW As London except 120 pm 
■ " News. 1 20-220 Carson'B Law. 

5.15 Gus Honaybun. 520-525 
Crossroads. 820 Today South West 
620 Emmerdale Farm. 720 Knight 
Rider. 820-820 Busman's Holiday. 
1022 Phoenix and tiie Leviathan. 1120 
A Sense of the Past 1 120 Marlowe - 
Private Eye. 1220am Postscript 

TVQ As London except 120pm 
1 va News. 120 Homs Cookery. 125- 
220 Falcon Crest 320-420 Thafs my 
Dog. 5.15-525 Btodcbustere. 620-625 
Coast to Coast'1020 Cell Block H. 
1120 Jack the Ripper. 1220am 
Company. Closedown. 

Ill QTFR As London except 120pm 
w-a i cn Lunewj,,*, ij30-2j3Q Man 
In a Surtcasa. 320-420 Spice of Lite. 
5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 520 Good 
Evening Ulster. 625-625 Police Six. 
720220 Tucker's Witch. 1020 
Counterpoint 11.00 Sense of the Past 
1120 Yellow Rosa 1225am News, 
Closedown. ' 

120 pm News. 120- 

220 Country Practice. 5.15-525 
Blockbusters. 6.00-6.35 News. 720- 
820 Magnum. 1020 Winter Outlook. 
10.35 West This Week. 1120 Sense of 
the Past 1120 Marlowe - Private Eye. 
1220 am Closedown. 

HTVWALES As HTV West except 
niVWALCa 920am~10-09 

Schools. 10.11-1026 About Wales. 820 
ptn-625 Wales at Six. 1020 Wales This 
Week. 1120 Sense of the Past 1220- 

1.00 am Martowa - Private Eye. 

Scottish aasrs 

Bodytine. 125-220 Riptide 325420 Mr 
Smite. 5.15-525 Blockbusters. 620 - 
625 New and Scotland today, 720 Now 
You See It 720-820 Falcon Crest 
11.10 Lata CaB. 11.16 Crann Tara. 11.45 
Sweeney. 1220am Closedown. 



i \ t • < 

’’ . 

**Ak *'„ First Published 17 $S 

Bureaucrats TUC urges Alci|*|T| itijiv Pill" rot dpuths Thatcher 
rebuked muon ^attajks 

Paul Vallely in the Commons 

By Stephen Goodwin 

Bad debts of up to £2S 
million that piled up in the 
running of prison workshops 
earned the Home OfBcc a 
severe rebuke yesterday from 
Parliament's spending watch- 
dog. the public accounts com- 

What particularly disburbed 
the committee, its chairman, 
Mr Robert Sheldon, said were 
elements of fraud and corrup- 
tion in dealings between the 
Directorate of Prison Industries 
and Farms and outside contrac- 

Sir Brian Cubbon, Permanent 
Under Secretary at the Home 
Office, told the committee that 
the basic reason for the losses 
was wrong appraisal of projects 
and contracts and no satisfac- 
tory control. These losses have 
had to be written off. 

Corruption charges were 
brought against five members of 
the directorate's staff, but 
without any successful pros- 
ecution. All have nevertheless 
lefi the Home Office. 

Mr Sheldon described the 
evidence as “a most unedifying 
picture of lack of control 
leading to fraud and corrup- 

Hotel group 
in £100m 

By Ian Griffiths 

Trusthouse Forte. Britain's 
biggest hotelier, is to cany out a 
big-expansion of its Post House 
chain with the aid of a novel 
funding scheme. 

The company, which has 
already raised £25 million from 
the National Coal Board pen- 
sion fund, hopes to increase the 
figure to £100 million. Under 
the scheme, the institutions 
agree to pay for 70 per cent of 
development costs in exchange 
for both a fixed and variable 
return linked to hotel perform- 

The method of financing was 
used for the recently-opened 
Cambridge Post House, and 
Trusthouse Forte is to provide a 
further 27 post houses. 

It is also planning 100 Little 
Chef lodges at its roadside 

Continued from page 1 
conclusion of an agreement, 
and not a onion which simply 
enters into talks. 

The NUJ's Mr Conroy is 

understood to have made it 
clear to Mr Willis yesterday 
that this interpretation would 
mean that the PiUJ would be 
free to open negotiations with 
News International if invited to 
do so by the company. The 
NUJ leadership’s present posi 
tion is that it would not 
countenance a legally binding 
no-strike agreement. 

A News International 
spokesman said last night: “Mr 

W illis is illegally inciting our 
employees to break their 
contracts of employment- Oar 

print union employees will not 
be affected by the extra Sunday 
Tima section. They will be 
paid normally for normal work 
as covered by their contracts." 

The National Federation of 
Retail News Agents has called 
on its member retailers to 
cooperate with production of 
this weekend's expanded Sun- 
day Times. 

Meanwhile, the NGA 
strongly complained last night 
that management at the Sun 
newspaper had “by threats and 
intimidation** stopped overseer 
members of the onion from 
attending a meeting to hear a 
report from trade union 
officials on the negotiations 
with News International and to 
take part in a secret ballot vote. 

Mr Tony Dubbins, the 
NGA’s general secretary, said: 
“It is blatant hypocrisy and 
intimidation by the Sun man- 
agement They lecture trade 
unionists in their editorial 
columns about the right to 
participate in trade onion 
activities, and particularly to 
take part in secret ballots, and 
then they do this to their own 
employees. It is dear the Sun is 
only in favour of ballots if they 
know the outcome is one which 
supports their views". 

A company spokesman said 
last night “No effort has been 
made to dissuade the 30 NGA 
overseers at Bouverie Street 
from taking part in their union 
ballot - quite the contrary. 

“However, there was a 
misdirection about their attend- 
ance at the meeting. We will be 
happy to make these people 
available for another meeting at 
Mr Dubbins's convenience, 
provided that there Is no 
interference with production." 

; v*^: 

. .smt* ■ 



Miss Michelle Richmond with Kate Rapley, aged five months, who took part in a 
demonstration of the respiratory alarm at Portsmouth yesterday. 

When several of her fellow 
employees lost children from 
cot deaths. Miss Michelle 
Richmond, aged 20, an engin- 
eer. set out to design a 
respiratory alarm device to help 
prevent future tragedies. 

Her quest was rewarded 
yesterday when she won a top 
national award for young 
women engineers. 

Miss Richmond, a micro- 
wave technician engineer with 
Plessey Radar, based at Cowes. 
Isle of Wight, is the first 
winner of the Mary George 
Memorial Trophy awarded by 

tbe Institution of Electrical and 
Electronic Incorporated Engin- 

The device features a press- 
ure pad in a cover blanket 
which is placed beneath the 
sleeping baby. When breathing 
stops, an alarm sounds to alert 
the parents that something 
could be wrong. 

Miss Richmond, who last 
year won the Plessey Radar 
Technician of the Year award, 
hopes a British manufacturer 
will adopt her idea and carry 
out tests to make sure the 
alarm is completely safe. 

A spokesman for Plessey 
said that the alarm, which is 
still being developed, was 
tested recently, using the 
children of employees, and 
worked satisfactorily. Miss 
Richmond developed the device 
after several employees lost 
babies, aged-ander one year. 

The latest available statistics 
show that there were 1,242 cot 
deaths in England and Wales 
in 1984. 

A number of respiratory 
alarm systems are available 
already on die market. 


Continued from page I 
Minister. “The choice is invidi- j 
ous." Mr Kinnock said- ! 

He also wondered whether 
anyone could imagine “a single 

S tausible reason why Admiral 
ir Raymond' ; Lygo should 
fabricate” all the detail he had 
alleged about last week's meet- 

he said, “the Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry has said 
that it is untrue." 

A Foreign Office official last 
night confirmed that they did 
send a telegram to Rome on 
January 8 after' a public- 
statement by Italy’s Prime 
Minister Signor Graxi on 
January 7 endorsing the Euro- 
pean Consortium's proposals 
for Westland, 

The official said: “The 
telegram instructed ' our Am- 
bassador in Rome to emphasize 
to the Italian Prime Minister’s 
office that Westland is a private 
company and that it is for . the 
board of Westland and the 
shareholders to decide on the 
relative merits of the proposals 
made by SOcorski/Flat and by 
the European consortium". 

• Pressure on Mr Leon Brittan 
to resign from the Government 
was growing on Conservative 
backbenches last night after the 
release of a letter from Sir 
Austin Pearce, chairman - of 
British Aerospace, to the Prime 
Minister (Our Political Staff 

After the opening speeches by 
Mr Kin nock, Mrs Thatcher and 
Mr Heseltine in the debate the 
verdict of many senior MPs was 
that the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry was fighting 
for his political survival 

Mr Marcus Fox. MP for 
Shipley and deputy chairman, of 
the 1922 committee, said: 
“Nobody can help him but 
himself. , 

Mr Edward Taylor, MP for 
Southend East aim one of his 
fiercest opponents in the Wes- 
tland saga, described the former 
defence secretary’s new alle- 
gations as “little pieces of tittle- 
tattle aimed at damaging tiie 

Mr John Carlisle, MP for 
Luton North -was even more 
damning. “I think he has 
obviously swept away any hope 
at all of leadership of the party, 
of support of his colleagues and 
the respect and dignity with 
which he was held while he was 
in office.” 

The Labour-Left, did jf^best 
to set a tone of gratuitous; 
violence^ Immediately' before 
the Wetland debate.Mr Harry 
Cohen, with: the- vociferous 
support- of his colleagues, 
moved a 10-minute rule Bill 
on the subject of cruelty to 
animals, which gathered 
together in catch-all condcm- 
> nation experiments’ by /drug 
companies, the use df animals 
in warfare trials, ' fox hunting 
and the sale of bull terriers. 

Mr Cohen’s exposition was 
replete with refouencos to 
barbaric brutaliw^- the bursting 
of eyeballs and sadists who 
enjoyed the excitement of the 
... ohasg and the thrjU ofthe HU 

Mr Leon Brittan^whom we 
must assume was the intended 
victim, sat ' owl-like and. 
un blinking throughout - Mr 
Cohen’s -diatribe, as he -bad 
during .the proceeding Ques- 
tion Time in. which in 
1 the main to His - ■ j uni or ■ 
minis ters '.to' answer on tcade- 
and industry matters. ' ^ 

. ■ As a tactic ft was singularly 
unsuccessful, for very httle of. 
the horror and. vituperation" 
transferred itself to the some- 
what low key debate which 

Mr tiCmnock, : indeed, dis- 
dains to participate in. any 
idea of coursing with 'the 
Minuter as'prey. This was, of 
course, merely a traditional 
bunting tactic, in which'- the 
hapless animal is approached 
by a circuitous route. 

. /.This- debate /is. labour- heli- ' 
copier 1 manufacture and the 
industries related to it, he said. 
Mr 'Brittan looked -warily.- 
It is' about technology and 
employment, it is .about 
defence- . procureraent.[policy 
and 5Gpft»pem j ^cobpcraUon, he V 
added. '' Mr. ’ Brittan eased , 
himself into, a more comfort- 
able portion tit&jme' .Govern- 
merit frontbench^ . • 

The leader of the ’Oppo- 
-hounds towax^sv the 'right 
honourable - laqy . /opppsite. 
That the Prime Minister is 
domineering was.nota matter 
on contention or : doubL The 
whole country knew it Indeed , 
there was. a growing entertain- 
ment industry built entirely qn 
that fact • 

She ’can teU us. She can - ; 
jirove or disprove, he con- 
tinued. But it was aR a ploy. . 
Right at the end he swivelled 

>and v . doubled.'.- back -on* the 
^ intended victim. *■ 

’ . Mr Kinnod^ irideecLdis/ 
dainedjto -participate .in any. 

- idceof coursing srith nunistto 
as the prey. Ear be itfronune- 
he' announced,- to save- Mr 
Brittan by calling for 
resignation. But . ftankri f 
ednnot sec 'how he can ' farina 
himself to stay in his present 
.position. ‘ 

Mr Brittan shrank further 
info his seat -and cowensf fo 

tbe. 'shadow-- of - the- -Prime 

Minister.: Better- - a distant 
prospect of the game, keepers 
an unmediate end 

question was 7 - whether Mr 
Brittan was the Prime Minis- 
ter’s agent; or acting qn his 
own. Was 7 he a culprit or & 

victim? The Prime ^Mmisier 

- side-stepped ' . foe . issue - and 
restricted herself to what. Mr 
James Callaghan, a / veteran: 
hunter on either, side of the 
estate boundary,, described as 
a mere catalogue of dates in 
the Govcrmnenfs defence. 

She was not dressed" for the 
Occasion She 'arrived at the 
House in- a plain. velvet jacket 
and dark patterned. dress, 
looking severe rather than 
sportive. . ' j'. 

~ Of. the' techniques of delib- 
'rately driving beast to mad- 
ness iit order to gain wbat-Mr 
Cohen yenemonsly’ described 
as so-called insights .into 
human psychosis,, there .was 
"Very little evidence. But Mr. 
Heseltine had taken care to' 
place unexpected little snares 
for the unwary throughout his 
speech of apologia. - _ 

..There was the unlooked for 
tevelatiou flat he believed 
r tiigEB: was. evidence in sec- 
retarial notes of his claim, 
strongly, denied by Mrs 

- Thatcher* , that the*: Cabinet's 
final meetings to .debate- the 
Westland affair was deliber- 
ately cancelled by the Prime 
Minister. There was his 
allegation that the Foreign 
Office had told foe British 
.Ambassador- in Rome to 
^iiseburage the. Italian goVem- 
. merit from sending. any ftntber 
messages 'of support for the 
Europemi consortium. ' ; 

"Of dog figfitmg* desprte ; Ntr 
Cohen's -call for a ban on foe 
import -and. sale of. bull 
terriers, .- there were /- “few 
examples. y ■ ^ 

* f * 7 '» ~ . 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent the Royal Society of Arts, 
launches Industry Year 1986 at the 
RSA. John Adam Street WC2. 1 0.45. 

The Prince and Princess of Wales 
attend a performance of Verdi’s 
Requiem in aid of the Mexico 
Earthquake Disaster Relief Fund at 
the Albert Hall, 7.20. 

Exhibitions in progress 

Illustrations by Alan Lee from his 
books: Theatre RoyaL Royal 
Parade. Plymouth: Mon to Sat 10 to 
10 lends Sat). 

The photography of Weegee the 
Famous: Computer generated 

images, by Stephen Bell: Hand 
signals; various works featuring 
hands: Ikon Gallery. 58-72 John 
Bright St Birmingham: Tues to Sat 
10 to 6 (ends Sal). 

John Tennem and Keith Renni- 

son: paintings and prints: Dorset 
County Museum. High St Dor- 
chester. Mon to Fri 10 to 5. Sat 10 to 
; 1 and 2 to 5 (ends Jan 25). 

The Old and the New: a selection 
of the most historic and modem 
works from the permanent collec- 
tion; Towner Art Gallery. High St 
Old Town. Eastbourne: Tues to Sat 
10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (end Sun). 

ABC of Fluffs: constructions by 
Hazel Jones and paintings by- 
Michael Leigh; Stafford Art Gallery. 
The Green. Stafford; Tues to Fri 10 
to 5, Sat 10 to 4(ends Jan 25). 

Masterpieces of Reality: French 
I7ih century paintings from British 
collections; Leicestershire Museums 
and Art Gallery, New Walk, 
Leicester Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30. 
Sun 2 to 5.30 closed Fri (ends Feb 
2 ). 

Hartnell: Clothes by the Royal 
Couturier Museum of Costume. 
Bennett St. Bath: Mon to Sat 10 to 
5. Sun 1 1 to 5 (ends Feb 2). 


New books - paperback 

The Literary Editor’s selection at interesting books published this week: 



MOON’ TODAY fr«wwwi» FROWtsC™* 

- - (S/aohalfl n 


Lightning, by Ed McBain (Pan, £2£0) 

Nocturne tor the General, by John Tremaine (Sphere, £250) 

The War Between the Tates, by AAson Lurie (Abacus. £3J>0) 


A Leg to Stand On, by Oftver Sacks (Ptoador. £3 JO) 

Hypatia's Heritage, A History of Women in Science from Antiquity to the tote 
Nineteenth Centwy, by Margaret AicfThe Women’s Press, £4.95) 

Klaus Barbie: The Fourth Raich, by Magnus LMdater, Isabel HBton end Neal 
Ascherson (Coronet E2J95) 

M etam or ph ose s MV, by PuMua Naso Ovid, fr s na l atad and mated by D. E. Ha (Arts 

& PfciEps. £7.50) 


The pound 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,945 

Parliament today 


I « 1 tI*i3e>:TiTi4 



The Midlands: A41: Major 
roadworks N of Warwick at Hanon 
with temporary traffic lights in use. 
M6c Lane closures on northbound 
carriageway S of junction 14 

Wales and West: A33& Long 
term roadworks on the Salisbury to 
Fordingbridge road at Bod en ba m . 
A3& Lane closures on Ivybridgc 
bypass on the Exeter to Plymouth 
road. M4: Various lane closures on 
both carriageways between junc- 
tions 22 and 24 (Chepstow and 
Newport); delays. 

The North: AKfc Temporary 
lights ax Smallwood. N of.Abager. 
Cheshire, murfireing. A 66: Resur- 
facing between Mount Pleasant 
Farm and Greta Bridge, Co 
Durham: temporary lights. A Sc 
Resurfacing work at Kindand in 

Scot lan d: Glasgow: Resurfacing 
work on Catmiesburn Rd between 
railway bridge and city boundary. 
Edinbur^i: Single lone traffic on toe 
Cuuiongate. near St Mazy Street. 
A92: Single lane traffic, temporary 
lights, at Invcriteitor Bridge, Angus. 

Avalanche danger 

A ridge of high^ pressure will 
decline as a frontal trough 
reaches die W. 

&un to midnight 

J\ U1 

ra 1 ^**11^ 1 ... 

The danger of avalanche is 
intense pameuteiy in the northern 
part of Switzerland and France, the 
Ski Club of Great Britain advised 
yesterday. During tbe past four days 
there has been heavy falls of snow 
with 120cm in three days, followed 
by a warmer period and then more 
heavy snow. 

The avalanche centre in Davos. 
Switzerland advises that siding off 

principles of the code. Detaiis, and j Toscuzini, conductor. Nor York I 
copies of The Forestry and \ 1957. 

Woodland Cods (£3. from TGL’K. [ 

Agriculture House. Knightsbrtdge. j 

London SWIX7NJ. \ SHOW repOltS 

has been published by Timber 
Growers UK. A new competition. 

remain on patrolled open run at the 

Lighting-np time 

tmton AE 2 pm to 7^a an 
■tWel SXB pm to 7M am 
EMup *JB pm lo &02 am 
l imrimtr m pmcoToSn 
Pananeo S. 19 pm 10 7M m 




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■ -* : h;' 

-■■I; 1 


" ’• 5; 

..' '3. 

■ <‘P» 

:-*at senior executives, 

for posts advertised. 

on%fflesej)agps EcoefvO; more - 
Opportunities ^jor job training: 
in mtnrethanfoey haveiad in 
'the. past -^and that they will 
lake them. My wish is more man a. 

matter of personal success for Them: 

it is linked with my; concern.-, onr 
concern for" .renewed, national" 

prosperity. y . • •'• *■■ : 

In tinted, of. great technological 
and ecctoonric change than is a 
direct rrfationship .between the 
practice of continuing professional 
education and the competitiveness 
of industry and commerce Tbe 
evidence is dear and growing. ■- •. 

Take, for example, the findings of 
Competence and Competition, the 
report published by foe 'National* 
Economic Development .Gouncfl 
and the Manpower Services Ctnri.- 
rnrasKra. which looked, at the three 
overseas .economies we find most 
difficult to compete against - the 
United States,/ Japan .and- ■ West 
Germany. 1 . -".a 1 

This showed that the UK is 
investing in adult training, retrain- 
ing and updating -at only a fraction 
of : "what . these countries • haves 
considered Jo' be the norm for some. , 
years; \ -1 ■ 

It also points .to a strong 
association between successful busi- 
ness performance And. .a positive" 
commitment to both initial, and 
continuing education for jobs. . 

■ r ^i 


i i 

... * 

L" **•' ' 

- These cqmpetitors deariy believe 
that updating people in thmr gViffe 
until knowledge, as "wdl as updating 
proosses and equipment, is good for 
p n a hes s, and they "invest in this 
,CTt^a l linkage . 

fois ts not the case with us. Many 
informed observers' ‘befieve- our 
framework for in d ust ri al - and: com? 
mercM training, both in education - 
mid at .work, - is not geared to 1 
compete, with the rapid transfer or 
advanced technologies . between 

The point is supplemented by 
findi ngs in a recent research study 
entitled Adttb Training in Britain. 
conducted by. IFF Research. This 
reported that the UK' workforce as a 
whole receives about 14 hours off- 
the-job training ayeax compared 
with 30 tp 40 boms considered 
good practice in- West Germany. 

■ The same r e se a rch found that 
higb-perfonmng businesses are twice 
as. likely to train employees as are 
•tow-performing co m p an ies -and that 
foe high performers train at least 
- twice as many of their staff as. the 
tow performers. . 

The successful businesses studied 
were fbimd^fo lave increased their 
training investment by 25 per cent 
during the past five years, white 
their relatively unsuccessful counter- 
parts have . reduced theirs by 20 per 
cent, 7 

Although British employers have, 
in . general^-, the right attitudes . 

Education Secretary 
Sir Keith Joseph 

'. . . j 1 1 1 ; 

pins his hopes for a 
prosperous Britain on 
jobs which incorporate 
professional training 

towards -training, as tins- same 
rerearch shows, too few translate 
these thoughts into action. 

- About a quarter of the finns in the 
IFF study had provided little or no 
recent training for their staff and foe 
average investment in " th i s vital "area 
was well below 1 per cent of 

How can this situation be turned 
'around? In the- first place the 
initiative must rest with employers. 
But clearly there is a role for others -■ 
the trade . unions, - . professional 
associations, educational insti- 
tutions and private* training organi- 

For its" part the Government can 
serve as a catalyst in -encouraging 
new attitudes towards work and 

wealth creation and in pump-prim- 
ing suitably promising develop- 
ments. . 

Central - to these efforts is the 
world of education, most particu- 
larly the pan our network of local 
colleges, polytechnics and univer- 
sities can play in meeting the present 
and anticipated needs of employers. 

To mobilize the fertilities and 
expertise of there institutions, the 
.Department of Education and 
Science with the Welsh Office has 
bam promoting the PICKUP 
programme since 1982. 

PICKUP stands for Professional. 
Industrial and Commercial Updat- 
ing. It is the umbrella title for a 
collection of activities directed at 
extending the work universities. 

polytechnics and local mltiy* do in 
meeting the mid-career updating 
needs of employees - in all 
occupations and at all levels. 

From modest beginnings. PICKUP 
has extended its influence to many 
aspects of education and training, 
including curriculum development, 
in-service training and course 

Meeting the learning needs of 
mature students - employees who 
have a great deal of existing 
knowledge and experience of work - 
requires the development of new 
and flexible teaching methods. To 
this end, the programme has 
commissioned more than SO course 
developments, aiming to provide 
updating in occupations from 
engineering and design to travel and 

Lecturers need help in keeping up 
to date with their subject specialism 
and new teaching methods. For this, 
£1.4 million has been ret aside this 
year to fund in-service teacher 
updating projects. 

Tutors and lecturers also need to 
learn new skills in marketing courses 
to potential clients in industry, 
commerce and the professions. To 
help them enter inis unfamiliar 
territory, a specially designed audio- 
visual learning pack. Marketing 
PICKUP, was launched this sum- 

It is being followed up by a series 
of staff development workshops 

throughout the country during the 
coming months and this combi- 
nation should result in colleges 
developing a clearer picture of local 
market needs and their own business 
plans than has previously been foe 

To help local education auth- 
orities and universities foster foe 
growth of updating provision, extra 
funds have been allocated to allow 
them to appoint PICKUP coordina- 
tors and to set up units which allow 
employers access to a single and 
efficient contact point when seeking 
to solve their updating needs. 

T hree other initiatives are 
worth mentioning. There 
are foe creation of a 
PICKUP electronic direc- 
tory of updating courses 
available throughout foe 
country. This has more than 4,000 
entries and is still rising. 

Another aid to unproved com- 
munication between foe world of 
education and that of employment is 
foe recently established PICKUP 
Industrial Secondment Scheme. 

In foe coming months, this will 
seek to gather details of secondment 
places in industry, commerce and 
foe professions and to match these 
opportunities with foe demand for 
places from lecturers in further and 
higher education. 

Lastly with foe MSC, the Depart- 

January 16, 1986 

meat of Education and Science has 
been funding a series of local 
collaborative projects to hdp em- 
ployers define and tackle employees* 
skill needs in local partnership with 
colleges, polytechnics, universities 
and training agencies. 

Already some 25 major projects 
and about 180 smaller ones are 
under way. Each involves a substan- 
tial investment from employers 
willing to put their own money and 
resources into foe future skills and 
knowledge of foeir workforce. 

There are some of the ways in 
which foe education service is trying 
to surmount the challenge of 
keeping Britain's workforce up to 
date. Employers and employees are 
essential and active partners in this 
process. Fortunately, an increasing 
number are be ginni ng to see job 
training and updating as an invest- 
ment and not as a dispensable cost. 

One important question which 
applicants for posts on these pages 
should be asking their prospective 
employers is: “Does your firm 
positively encourage staff to go back 
to college to keep in front of the 
technologies and markets you 
compete in?” 

You should be seeking out this 
asset which too few of us have cared 
for previously. It will increase your 
job prospects - and those of foe 
whole economy. 

•Advertising Soi-278 9161/5 Enquiries 


,>■' 'I-'- ■* ■- - - - ’■ ■ •• " " • ■■ ’ • ."VraivVt, -f *-• ..... . • ’ • - 

A challenging opportunity arises within an independent hotel group for a person of 
exceptional ability to manage a three star prestige hotel plus responsibility for the 
smooth running of two other hotels within the group. The owning company operates 
on extremely competitive pricing policy offering Tour star prices attracting very high 
customer volumes: ’ ; • ' ; 

Management of this established pattern calls for a manager of outstanding and 
ifoven ability. Such a person must have a decisive and determined manner capable 
' creating and motivating a management team ta maintain and enhance the high 
dard of quality and service required in our hoteL 

Hotel where the person will be based layabout to start Dn a very ambitious £1.5 
mffiiorv expansion plan which indues total refurbishment of the Hotel, 30 additional 
bedrooms and aleisure centre. Administration of these requires a person with a high 
degree of diplomacy and understanding but above all the ability to administer and 
effectively communicate with the staff. In return a high remuneration will be paid 
together with an opportunity to jofnaprofit related bonus scheme plus other 
benefits. - ‘ : 

The position would suit someone aged 30-40 years of age who has ambition drive 
and a willingness to succeed. . 

Apply in writing with fan CV and recent photograph in confidence to 

A. R. Hiscox (Managing Director) H. T. Transport (Westbury) Ltd. Link Rd, West Wilts 

Trading Est, Westbury, Wilts BA13 4JB. 


wide leaders in marketing and sales training, 
are farming a Marketing Consultancy Division. 
We need a super person to control it 
This is a great opportunity to build a business 
backed by the full resoorces of the TACK 
Organisation. If you can prove that yon have 
carried out assignments successfully, and can 
hniM.tram, and rrKVi vafea learn of consultan ts. 

then YOU could be the managing director we 
are seeking. 

Write giving full CV, progressive salaries, 
and telephone number to: 


The TACK Organisation, Tact House, 
Longmoore Street, V A 
London SW1V UJ. I AW 


Circa £28k + BMW Car & Profit Share London Advertising Agency 

Responsible for all the administrative functions and resources of a 
dynamic and rapidly expanding major advertising agency, you will 
control a budget of £1 million and a department of 13 people. 

Within a particularly fast moving and pressurised environment you will 
need to be able to demonstrate highly developed skills in most of the 
following areas: 

■ People Management ■ OSRP & HASAW Acts 

■ Communications & Office Technology ■ Budgetary Control 

■ Property Management ■ Fleet Car Management 

It is likely that you will be aged between 34 and 40. having spent 10 to 
15 years in a similar support services management role with a medium or 
large size company. You may have achieved membership of the 1AM 
or IPS. 

Although initially the position is of Associate Director level, it is 
expected that a “real performer" would be invited to join the main board 
within the next few years. 

If you meet the criteria for this important appointment, live within easy 
commuting distance of central London and want a real challenge, then 
please write with a full cv to: 

Peter Maskrey 

C E Heath & Co (Advisory Services) Ltd 
160 Kings Road, Reading, Berks, RG1 4EY 


:(V\cK’isbi"\' St^rx'iceis) 

Y - Exciting Opportunities 

in Market Research Agency 

Olir efient to an estabRshed, London-based Market Research Agency withahighrepii- 
tation ter the quaffiy of its research survey workover a wide range of manufaettving 
and service* industries. To strengthe n its management team and to facilitate growth 
and exparoioiv the Agency now tetentfc to mate two senior appointments. • 

Associate Director Senior Research Executive 

c.£2%000+Car c. Cl 7,000+ Car 

'This position wffl he ideaHy suited to an ex- : Th e ideal candidate for tfts appointment will 

periericed jesearch executive who is capable 
of planning and implementing all stages erf 

have substantial knowledge of research 
methods and should be capable of applying 

or ptaiNBliy cuiu niiptailCJUUJy an sioyca 

a research survey and also has the calibre to ' . them to a wide range of problems. In addition 
manaoe a team of the amts- . to a high degree of technical competence, 

, , , j ■ i ■ ______ A La mm.* akn saiall Lrt /\o»vrtrirtnrw4 in rifioOnn untK 

he or she will be experienced in deafing with 
cBehteat all levels of seniority The basic salary 
is negotiable around £17,000 p.a. and a com- 
pany car will be provided. Ref. No. CR1068 

iiMiiuyv «-* wi 

ton to develop business among existing and 
potential efients. He or she wffi dscover that 
success wfll be wefl rewarded. The basic 
salary is negotiable around £22,000 p.a. A 
company car and other competitive benefits, 
will heprovided. Ref. Ato.Gftf 067 

Canddates for both these positions should have experience of working in a market research 
agency aid knowledge of markets other than consumer packaged goods would also be 
appropriate. These are viteDy Important appointments which offer outstanding opportunities 

ADDfications, quoting the appropriate reference number, are invited, in strictest confidence, to 
OTovens orKate Dana Hughes Ovens & Hewitt Ud, Executive Recruitment Consultants, 
32 Savile Row London W1X 1AG (TeL No. 01-437 7559). No infomna- TTriTT 

ton witi bep^sed to CMJrelient without the applicant’s prkxpermissm . 



£18,000 plus benefits 

We are an established Insurance Company 
underwriting a specialised category of pecuni- 
ary loss business. 

The candidate we are seeking will be required 
to assume responsibility for foe corporate and 
financial ramifications of the Company report- 
ing directly to foe Chief Executive. Account- 
ancy or legal background, with appropriate 
professional qualifications, is essential. The 
preferred age is late 20’s/eariy 30's. 

The scope of this senior appointment will also 
embrace other wide ranges of interesting duties. 
We are envisaging that the further prospects 
will be exceptionally attractive in the short/ 
medium term for a candidate with the ability to 
become a contributing member of our existing 
management team. 

Reply with full c.v. and recent photo to Box No 
1287 W The Times. 

Sales Career Opportunity 
in Fleet Street 

Britain's largest selling newspapers. The San, The News of the 
World, plus the biggest colour supplement SUNDAY, have a vacancy in 
the Advertisement Department 

If you are in your twenties and looking for a challenging career 
selling advertising space to advertising agencies and clients at a senior 
level, then this could be an opportunity worth investigating. 

Applicants should possess an arresting personality and be able to 
convince us of their need to develop their own sales abilities within an 
competitive environment 

A progressive career with one of Britain's most exciting newspaper 
groups and a generous salary scale await the successful applicants. 

If you wish to take the first step toward joining this exciting team, 
then call: 

Bill Goody, Administrative Advertisement Manager, 


30 Bonverie Street, London, EC4. 01-353 4535 

tntDB appointments 




p» l . J 








concern picjecIscrfaspedafi^nQfcajRMoioOTenoiGrv 

• rxrftifcmBa««kecitccrtacrii®»niornbO® c ^ )a P t ®~' 

' j» i accd aredffcmritlwtoridtopcwqaQOdriTWdBWdt^f 

tondonSouSi Region. - 

£7^6&rftirato£10S02byannKilncieiTie^Pi'ori , oPo9; 
pmpflghftHghafBtscuft»OfBcBrondbeyoooqto .. 
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Be oged between 17)6 end 45 yeas. 

Possess. 5 GCE Pastes ofwNeh at Ieast2 must be at 
ggulvotertquaKcatons as also acceptable 
eg a Urwersily degree. ONC. HNC etc. 


contact- . 

fvfcsL Thomas, 

CHSS.Sumeriand House, 

29/37 Brighton Road. 

Suftoa Sumy SM2 san 
T elephone No: 01-642 6022 &tf 321 


bmt • " ■ . 

HMdowSlnflng<rf22dav»oyearpk* <I ' c ^ t ® on ^ 

©ctayspubfccasdpMeoeleova .. 





Private Paticnls Pisa is a market leader in the field of 
Medical Insurance. The Medical Centre is a subsidiary 
operating currently from three site and is administered from 
.the original centre in New Cavendish Street. 

We are currently an administration professional to 
be"responable for the day to day administrative functions of 
. the centre including accounting, medical secretariat, 
maintenance and refifftefament, office services, etc. 

Reporting to the General Manager of tire Centre, the 
pvrwrf tl candidate will be able to demonstrate supervisory 
drill « estabfisbed daring at least five wan in an 
adnrimstrairve s u pervisory role. Preference wfll be given to 
caafidao with m accounts qualification (finafist) or OTnilar 
-aril broad experience of offi ce sys tems gained in > 
commercial environment. Some expe r ienc e in the me d ic al 
sector would be preferred. 

An excellent benefits package indndcs free private health 
cover, mortgage _ subsidy . geperonshoGday entitlement, 
amtiibniDty pension and free life assurance scheme. 

Please -reply enclosing c om pre he nsive CV. and stating 
presentsalafy to Panline Wyatt- Ingram. Personnel Officer. 

£pi Private Patients Plan 

House. Crtsc&ia Rood. Ibnbf idye WdAK-^f TfJI 2PL 
Te**p!»one. Tunbridge VVeRs 40111 ... 

Tins is akey post involving reporting, interviewing 
tor and contributing to BBC Wales' English Language 
TV and Radio News and Current Affairs programmes 
aid network outlets. 

You wB be expected to maintain close poitical 

CORRESPONDENT and governmental contacts, as wefl as close liaison 

with the BBC's Westminster staff, where you would 
hold BBC Wales Parliamentary Lobby accreditation. 

In adririxi to considerable broadcast or pint 
Journalism experience and broad pofltical knowledge 
(especially ;!n Wales), we look for the highest 
standards in reporting, interviewing and gnetysis. 
Good microphone voice and screen presence. 
Knowledge of Walsh not required You win be 
expected to spend up to 3 days a week in 
Westminster. (Ref. 6570/T) 




£16,117 — £20,034 pja. 
PltBUtomMief £971 pj. 


Radto Bristol 
£8,520— £10,125 

If you are a young, ambitious reporter with at 
least 3 years' journalistic experience, this vacancy 
may interest you. 

The work is primary reporting, interviewing, 
bufetin witting and news readteg.^ You shodd have 
a good microphone voice &id a current driving 
Sconce. (Ref. 9023/T) 

Wb are an equal 
opportunities empteysr 

"Retoc aB on expen s — con s idered for permanent 

Canlartim Imm e d iate ly fore«Jc eao n fonn (quote 
London W1A1AA.TU.GM27CTS. 



Central London 





£15,000 plus substantia! benefits 

You are a graduate, probably aged between 24 and 27, offering commercially oriented experience 
of personnel which indudes some involvement in graduate level recruitment. Undoubtedly you are 
an achiever who possesses style, flair and personal presence. 

Arthur Andersen & Co., one of the largest international firms of accountants, employing over 
1 .600 staff in the UK. enjoys an enviable reputation for quality — especially the quality of its people. 
Thus the recruitment process is seen to be a key activity Each year Arthur Andersen & Co. recruits 
a large number of graduates who undertake audit responsibilities while qualifying for professional 
qualifications. Your challenge will be to manage a part of the audit trainee recruitment programme 
and to partidpate in the selection of candidates. You will be expected to demonstrate those qualities 
which you will seek in candidates — intellectual ability, motivation and commitment for example. 
An enthusiasm for recruitment and a willingness to travel are essential. 

The opportunity offers a stimulating, challenging role, genuine prospects of rapid career 
progression and exceptional rewards. 

Write or telephone, in confidence, Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager, quoting 
reference: LG1905 

Management Personnel 

*“* Recruitment Selection & Search 

2 SwaBow Place. London W1R7AA Tehjphooe: 01-408 1694 Inn at tan 01-833 2 7331 


Standard Chartered Bank is one of 
Britain's major international banks, with 
gross assets exceeding £26,000 million and 
more than 2,000 offices in over 60 countries. 
The Banks Economic Department, which is 
located in our Group Headquarters in the 
City, wishes to appoint an Assistant Editor 
for Standard Chartered Review, a monthly 
journal which covers economic, financial and 
political developments in the many countries 
where the Group operates. 

The duties connected with this 
important post will include editing and 
updating contributed material, researching 
and writing short articles, marking up copy, 
proof-reading, picture research, preparing 
statistical tables and graphs and, in general. 

helping to oversee all stages of the magazines 
production from initial receipt of copy to 
arranging distribution and dealing 'Midi 

Applications are invited from 
candidates, aged 25-35, who have an 
informed interest in economic and current 
affairs as well as good all-round experience 
of working in a busy editorial office. Salary, 
including London Allowance, will be 
c.£12,000, according to experience, plus the 
usual generous banking benefits. 

Please apply; with a comprehensive 
c.v. to: Peter Barnes, Recruitment Officer; 
U.K. Personnel Services, Standard 
Chartered Bank, 38 Bishopsgate, 


Junior Sales OTE £20K + car DBMS Sales OTE £40K + car 

A number of career opportunities e«st for well 
educated people with previous Sales Support or 
minimal micro sates experience who wish to 
pursue a career in computer sales for clients in 
North LONDON, the CITY or CFOYDON If you are 
also a part qualified accountant and under 30 
you would be ideal 

IBM Leasing OTE £45K + car 

Hove you considered using your existing ISM mini/ 
mainframe lor DEC Mn;; experience within the 
world of teasing* 5 The c&iMy to put deals together 
is as exerting and sataiactor/ as selling the s/stems 
themselves A good knowledge cf teeing without 
IBM experience is also acceptable - Note your 
earnings can go to sa figures 

One of the best names in Relational DBMS 
software package manufacturing, wrth offices 
worldwide, requires an experienced crticutafe 
soles person tor LONDON who can sell into the 
mainfrome/large mini environment The'e is 
enormous sales potential as their products are 
transportable across virtually of! computers. 

Micro Sales OTE £3QK + BMW 

One of the most successful franchises in the word, 
with branches m Gtr London, is leaking to expend 
rts Business Centres by recruiting sales staff with 
two cr more years successful Business systems 
sales experience A highly qualified support team 
at ecch Branch makes your setting ;od that much 
easier Top grade com pony benefits. 

The Sales Recruitment Specialists 


Trafalgar House, Grenville Place, London, NW7 3SA 
Telephone: 01-959 1198/3611 

Michael Popper ;t 
Paul Umts cr Z'-^sS VZ' 
cf»*r heuscr-ss* 

Thames Valley Housing 
Society Limited 


This is a key position in our Corporate Management Team to be responsible for the 
accountancy work of the Society and financial control at all levels. 

TVKS is an expanding housing association providing a diversified range of housing options. 
By 1987, we shall be mangaging 1,700 properties in W. London, Surrey and Hampshire, 
both rental ancf leasehold. We are also using Right to Buy and other funds for privately 
financed projects. 

We are looking for a qualified ACA, IPFA, ICMA or ACCA with good management abilities 
and experience. A higher remuneration package may be considered for applicants with 
suitable housing association experience. 

For further details and an applications form contact - 

John Cress, Deputy Director, Thames Valley Housing Society Limited. 1 King Street, 
Twickenham Tel: 01-891 0202. 

Closing date: 7th February, 1986 


If, with the New Year upon us, you find yourself 
re-assessing your career path, looking to what 
the future holds for you 


We at Sarah Hodge Ltd require an experienced 
Recruitment Consultant with enthusiasm, 
ambition and drive to join our expanding team 
in our quest for excellence and success. 

If you have a-real desire to build a career that 
offers scope, diversity and personal satisfaction ' 
together with great financial reward we have a 
future for you. 

Call Gall Buckley immediately for more 
information on 491 7638. 





Our ckcni wishes io recruit urcrmlj. a General Practitioner 
uj assume responsibility for the medical rare of tic 400 
mixed nationality operations and maintenance personnel 
engaged on an Ammoma/Methonal plant in Bahrain. 

The ideal appliant will be experienced in industrial 
medicine, have recently bent responsible for a site medical 
centre on a petrochemicaJ plant and have work experience in 
the Gulf area. 

A 12 month renewable contract on married status will be 
offered, together with an attractive tax free salary, free 
furnished accommodation, local living allowance and paid 
return fares to the United Kingdom. 

Client interviews will be held in London in January 1986, so 
please URGENTLY send a comprehensive resume, 
photograph and contact telephone number, to Don 
McIntosh. Lansdowne international Services Limited. 
37 Golden Square. London W1R4AL 


Salary Package Range: 
£9,000-£12,000 pa 

Ws are looking for a quick thinking, exceptional person to 
work as a vital member of a successful, happy and tightly* 
knit team. Full training and support w&J oe given but you 
must be essentially a self-starter 
You should be a good judge of people, have the confidence 
to project your personality in a marketing rote and be a 
compet e nt administrator. 

You wBl need the mental agiKy to cope with a wide variety of 
tasks, and will have the opportunity to become n»Sy in- 
volved at a senior level as the company grows. 

Applications are invited from candidates age 21*30 with at 
least 2 'A' levels, who have previously held both a secretarial 
and an executive job. 

please apply with fufi Curriculum Vitae and a contact tele* 
phone before January 31 st 

Box No 1397 N The Times 


InterExec is the organisation special- 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

Int erExe c clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

InterExec’s qualified specialist sta££ 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a mutually exploratory meeting telephone: 

London $ 01-930 5041/8 

19 Charing Cross Road, WC2. 

Birmingham ® 021-632 5648 

The Rotunda, New Street. 

Bristol ® 0272 277315 

30 Baldwin Street 

Edinburgh ® 031-226 5680 

47a George Street 

Leeds ® 0532 450243 

12 St-PauTs Street 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Faulkner House, Faulkner Street 

IntefExeg I 

The one who stands m 

Credit Insurance 
and Surety 

AMity to interpret financial statements of 
a company, trie complexities of corporate 
finance, international trade and 
contractual relationships, with 
communication skills (ind. 
correspondence) are, inter alia, all 
essential features for an interesting, and 
potentially rewarding, career. 

Candidates, late 20's/eariy 30’s with 
appropriate qualifications and/or 
graduates of relevant disciplines, will, 
either directly or indirectly, be conversant 
with our activities and the principles 
which are entailed. 

Applications with c.v.'s, appropriate to 
the requirements stated above, should 
be addressed to: Managing Director, 
Credit and Guarantee Insurance 
Company Limited, Colo nial H ouse, 
Mincing Lane, London EC3R7PN. 


Salary £33,006 pa incl. 

The Council of Governors invites applications for the 

post of Director vacant from 1 st May, 1986. 

This port ft a dynamic London Polytechnic offers a 
challenge to a woman or man with experience in 
Education. Public Service. Industry or Commerce 
within the U.K. or abroad. 

Additionally, as a result of external promotion of the 
Deputy Director, the new Director wfll be involved in 
the appointment of the Deputy. 

Assistance can be provided with relocation 
e xp enses . Further particulars and application 
details are available to Individual applicants, 
or on behalf of applicants, from Professor 
W.Q. Ovwmd, Qwfmwr of the Council, do Head 
of Personnel, South Bank Polytec h nic, Borough 
Road, London S£1 0AA, England. 

Gtosfng data tor application.* 21 st February, 1966. 

An Equal OpporWn^ Employer. 

. South Book 

I Polytechnic 

hthihHrtrf la nd a u 


■:%ii i. 

ijuv* mrr 


" Eufj nTi I fKuTrffief 

dewkifBnent Tho» should also 
beabtetodennisti^atiadEiRniltf \ 


Executive. London 

THE E\CVAn lO\ \! \ > L\i l 



The Authorfty. the largest In Wales, serves a population of 836,000 and has a revenue budget 
of £1 10m and a Capftal budget of around £4m. . 

The Authority now wishes to appoint Unit General Managers who wffl have pereohaTre-;.'. 
sponsfbifity for the performance of the Units inducting the uSisatton of resources and quany V. 
of services provided. , 

Appficantswffl need to offer demonstrable records of achievement within the NHS or In jaeg^ir . 
complex functional organisations. • _ , \r»V 

The Districtwfll have the following Units: * <. . [ 

Budget .Approx. Salary hanged 
1. Ogwr- Acute Services based on the new ■*.-. £19An •• .. £20^00-£23^00. 



£1 8,500*20,500' 

£ 19 ^ 00 * 23,000 

1. Ogwr -Acute Services baaed on the new - . . . £19.3m £20^00^23^800 

Princess ot Wales Hospital, Bridgend . ... 

2. Mental IBness- based on Parc A ■ £14 l 3nr.' *' £19.000-£23,000 

Glanrhyd/Penyfel Hospital, Bridgend • v 

& Taff By- Acute SerWoes based on • - . £18.9m £20,500^23,800 

Cast Glamorgan General Hospital near ■<' 

Pontypridd . - .. •. •— 

4. Rhondda- Partly AcutaServicea based £7*n . ; . .. £18,000-£19^00 

on Uwynypla Hospital 

5. Merthyr/Cynon -Acuta Services based £22m . - - - £24.000-£27,800 

on Prince Charles HaepftaJ, Merthyr i 

Tydfil ■ 1 ‘ ' ■ 

8. Rhymney Valley- Mainly "Acute Services ^ ' £84m £18,500^220500' 

- based on Caetphby -Miners District ' j •• 


7. Mental Hamficap Ur* -based on . . £5.4m . . . E19^XXK£23,000 

Hehsol Hospital, NrLtantrtsant *-* ".• 

The Authority also wishes to appoint an Assistmt District General Manager ta assist the- 
District General Manager and lo be responsibte for ^jecffic spheres of acth.lty. The post wW 
be based in the Authority‘s District Headquarters and Wfif parocufariy appeal io carasdaise 
with dear DGMpotantiaL ' ■' 

a^ssistant District General Manager Salary: drea £23,000 
CJWdans wffl be remunerated In accordance with WHC(85)14 and WHC(B5)47. 

For non NHS candidates lha salary wifl be negotiable. Al salaries quoted are fflustrative and. 

Contracts wffi be offered for a fixed term of fiwae or five years renewable by mutual agree- 
ment . . , 

informa l entxAfes may be made to George Boulton, District General Manager, on (0222) . 
399771. i 

» An Infonnatlon package arid appBoatfon details are avafteble fronrtoe 
AasWant District Personnel Officer, 18 Cathedral Road, Cardiff, 
. . ' M. (0222) 399771 ext«Z1. 

MMOLimorgm Clodng date for receipt of appRcathms; 

LfeatttlAistfcorily . 10 th Februmy 1988. 

Somerset Health Authority 


Somerset is amntlyimfikamentkig a progte^ programme of change 
in '*afv^mafrdcntopmeritsbatf7 wi capM and service toms which 
rcqidres the highest kue? of management ab&y. ThehWmdueticxiofthe: 
genenl management ksnetkmhas created four posts whkhwttpmdde 


ttotianal Health Service or e b e w hene. ' 





. \ 



fortwo newregular mar^p t conunentaries 

SeduptyPad^Coiptffationfe^I^ Angela 
based fimnd^smicea comply with assets of 
•^O tiKk^ itsprinc^jai Snbskfery is Security ’ 



sake a key awtritatiaa to twonew 
reportsljti^p^^ . 

provide support’ to the overall 
njarketmg efibrt cf the bank. 

Reporting to the editor, you wffl ideaDy 

• 'pedi^madeaibgcapaiay. You must be able 

\ "V 

- V 

i.\ ’ >'VV^V ;• • 

--■•I' l - . • 1 * ■' . 


.markets, in addition sane experience of 
interna Hocal treasury management wffl be 
osefiiL . 

: ' You should be able to write fluently and 
with Sair whflstworking under the pressure of 
ritarilmes-IdeaHy you are likriy to have a 
/degree, or higher degree, in international 

Salary w3I be competitive and based on. ■ 
your experience. TTus appdntment will also 
attract a full range of h anking 

Career details to besent to; 

PatrickJ. O'Hara • 

Vice President • 

Security Pacific 
National Bank.; 

2 Arnndd Street - 
Loudon WC2R3DF, 




Salary: Circa: £20,000 

tffla (UK) timftodl* w» entity wJm&i'tfta Eurfioean' 1 r 
network of Nfk» International and require a finajTdal 

The need is for-a comprehensively experienced 30+ 
quafifted accountant, currently involved in tha - 
commercial wold. The involvement wiHbe 
concerned with thafbSowlng functions, ap well as 
general accounting: management reporting both to a 
European-adhTlntetratkxiAndlhep^ • 

positive experience with Inventory control and data 
processing, and the provision of an effective service 
to the sports trade. 

The direct responsibiilty will be to the Managing 
Director and Chairman of Nike (UK) Limited: . 

. An attractive remuneration package, including 
company car, BUPA and contributory pension ‘ 
schemata waBahto-tor the right personTwho should 
• apply direct to: 

Th» Perso nnel Director, Nike (UK) Limited, 

•January 1986. 


? £25,000 + 30% Maximum Bonus, etc. 

’:*R» appointment is for a Subsidiary Com- 
i pany of a medium-sized private Group with 
" employee shareholdings. The Subsidiary 
has a.tumover in excess of £3m, employs 
150, and has an ambitious programme .for 
developing its range of services to modern 
manufacturing industries. 

if you can. fulfil these requirements ^please 
send us brief details. You 'will be between 
38 and 48 years bid, with good manage- 
ment training and a proven record of suc- 
cess in a general management role. 

Applications In confidence tOL 

THE CHAIRMAN 1 , c/ 0 . Bsnldnis, Solicitirs, 
118 Ckancary Lino, London, WC2A 1 JJ. 


Head of Programme 

The British Institute of Management has an extensive 
programme of courses and conferences, organised on 
both a pubSc and te-company basts. Wa -need- an 
experienced conference administrator, preferably with a 
degree in a business dlscipEna to take responsibility for the. 
cost control arid administrative services of the Institute's 
courses programme. The post Is based, in - Corby, 
Northants, although travel to course venues, mainly in 
London, Is required. 

Starting salary to £10£00 depending on quaDflcattrins 
and experience. 

Phase sand CVqr. telephone for an application form to: 
Head of Personnel, 

British Institute of Management, 
Management House , 

Cottingham Road, _ 

Corby, Northants. NN17 ITT 
Tab (0536) 204222 


British institute 
of Management 


A sales assistant is required immediately aged 20-25 to 
work in a small Mayfair shop selling country /shooting 
clothes and accessaries. Previous experience in selling 
preferred, hut not essential. -Highest references necessary. 
Salary commensurate whit experience.' 

Pleas© apply to Mrs Bronstein. 
Telephone: 01-499 1801. 





•“S^rmiltBefcbBfnia eta. Proms 




We requhr: Ambitious. compctrlh'e. hardworking .. 
People to advise iheprotesectiron our wide range 
of financial services. PuJltrahihTg and management 


-p f ' 

I profits. £7250 ( oeg) on regulated comings 

scheme. . 


\ > 018370823 - • 


£19,020-£20,928 per annum, 

: r This new CHIEF OFFICER post is advertised 
as a result of re-arrangement of the manage- 
ment of the. Council's Housing and Property 
Services. The successful applicant will be a 
member of the Corporate Management 
Team, and win be responsible for the overall 
direction and -strategy of Housing and Land 
Management Services, the management of 
the Council's housing stock and for the 
management and control of other Council 
corporate property. 

. An appropriate professional quaflfication will 
be a distinct advantage, but the Council is 
primarily looking for an energetic and experi- 
enced Manager, able to communicate, and 
innovate, and lead a new Department for- 
ward in the assimilation of new functions, as 
wen as provide sound advice on Strategies, 
the use of Resources, and the implemen- 
tation of the Investment Programme. 

Excellent conditions of service -are offered, 
including a Lump Sum Car Allowance and 
Relocation Expenses of up to £3,500 plus 
VAT; The Borough is situated in a pleasant 
part of Kent, within easy reach of London 
and the South Coast. 

Further details and application -forms are 
available from the Chief Executive at the 
Tonbridge & Mailing Borough Council offic- 
es, The Air Station, West Mailing, Maidstone, 
ENVELOPE “Housing and Estates Director": 
APPT./913 or by telephoning WEST MAL- 
LING 844522 ext. 259. ? - 

Closing date: 7th February, 1 985. 





le to maternity leave a temporary positi 
(possibly for one year) has arisen for an 


Ideally the successful applicant will be aged 
between 25 to 35, an enthusiastic self-motivator 
preferably with - proven sales experience 
although this need not be in the field of media 
advertising. A high standard of education is also 
required. As the, position entails meeting people 
at senior' level ‘. a professionalism in 
communicative skills is essential. 

Salary will be commensurate with age and 
.experience and a company car will be provided. 
-Althou^ initially the job is temporary there is a 
possibility it could become permanent 
. Please write at the earliest opportunity to: 

John Ladbrook 
Advertisement Manager 
The Times Educational Supplement 
Priory House, St John’s Lane 
London EC1M4BX 


For small charity with offices in Kensington, providing hous- 
ing tor elderly ladies, wHft prospect of succeeding the pre- 
sent Administrator on her retirement. 

Applicants, who should be sympathetic to the heeds of the 
elderly, must be able to assume responsibility for the run- 
ning of the houses belonging to the charity (including em- 
ployment "of staff arid upkeep of buildings) and should be 
conversant with Deeds of Covenant, PAYE/SSP and essen- 
tial book-keeping. It would-be an advantage to have had 
experience of dealing with local authorities and Government 

Departments (specifically D of E, Housing Corporation and 

Remuneration to be negotiated (not less than£1 1 ,000 p.a.) 
-Please write to: Box No. 2832G The Times. 


'Frastnted M(t <UappaMtMl wttti Mauqannt prorataf Unfutniad wflh 

. arantperittao ^r*WWibaai«TDw^aoilrtM^>wftft«ipiP«p*rt* 


A iw».oapo*tuirty m ■Man to you to Join a unk^.oxnpany.voHcii S.flMnQ 
' you tha unpruktarfed chance to n*i anU aka pm in tflraetlng tfw company. 
Mm wx only offering on* «t 9» Nfltoat lawbi ot Bommtafen anta 0 ta. tto 
yod wftabo be atand ■ too tond to raeivtofl «M managing your. own taam of 
oomuftano* ■ 

Ttwre aip a nonpar ol (Praetor poata avaaBflte and waiBnc to t» WaO, toflathar 
whii a proR shart^j Bahama makhg Wa un0w«a«By on* of tha tea* e^toa 


a» Htjntf pamiono taduahy - ahouM to ab» toJtxw a pas feteoma ot « hwat 
IWC-p^. - aaowafl ba ofate la matlvta gtfun; nx a tt hy. 

if yea Oink you hm tea ManaiyMMMto oraoeamaW JamtoaMptottot 
buMa ta ca9 sa od 01-637 307B/7/8 lor a camfidanfiAl kMftBw- 

Canyou aagineer 
success in advanced 

We are the AMT Group, part of the Manufacturing Division of 
Coopers & Lybrand Associates, the UK’s largest and most rapidly expanding 
firin^bf financial and management consultants. Further ambitious and self- 
motivated professional engineers are needed to participate in sustaining our 
growth and developing our services in AMT in most of our offices, particularly 
in Birmingham, London and Manchester. 

You. should have broad experience and professional skills developed from 
an engineering background in either design or manufacturing. Iny our late 20’s or 
early 30^ you will have a good academic background and be able to demonstrate 
an exceptional and rapid record of achievement in your career to date. "You will 
have extensive hands-on experience from inception to implementation in the 
areas of AMT such as CAD CAM, FMS, Robotics and Automation. 

Probably at a threshold of change in your career you now wish to apply 
your experience over a wide range of AMT applications. Ready to take part 
in analysing and diagnosing business and engineering issues, and you will be 
adept at specifying, developing and implementing appropriate organisational 
and technical solutions. 

• If you feel ready for the challenge of joining our dynamic and rapidly 
expanding organisation, we would like to hear from you. We are offering a highly 
attractive reuiuneration package. Relocation need not be a problem as vacancies 
exist in most areas. Please send a brief career resume, including your daytime 
telephone number, quoting Ref T03/6 to Richard Bleasdale, Advanced 
Manufacturing Technology Group, Coopers & Lybrand Associates, Plumtree 
Court, London EC4A 4HT. 



For business committed to growth. 


Salaiy £12,000 + unlimited commission + 1.8 Carlton 

We are a rapidly growing national sales group, 
fast establishing ourselves as the leaders in the capital 
equipment rental sales and leasing market We 
service a wide spectnim of users m many different 
sectors — and our. ambitious expansion plans for 
1986 in this exciting growth market could include 
you, as we are looking to increase our UK salesforce 
by 36 people right now. 

If you're aged at least 25 and a self-starter with 
sales experience, you could weii be one of the people 
we're looking for. 

We set high targets tor our sales professionals — 
who combine hard work and a competent approach 
to develop existing business, generate new accounts 

and enjoy excellent rewards. 

Our generous remuneration package also includes 
BUPA arid superannuation scheme. 

If you haw the proven sales ability we seek plus 
the ambition to succeed in a professional sales role, 
we'd be very interested to hear from you. 

If you have a cv, send it immediately to Mrs Lilian 
Birchall at Sound Diffusion PLC, Datum House, 
Davigdor Road, Hove, East Sussex BN3 1 RZ. If not 
telephone 0273 775499 or 779328 
tor an application form, job 
description and company profile, 
which will be sent to you by return of 
post Interviews will be held locally. 



We are the market leader in our field in 
Europe. We develop, produce and sell 
aluminium and uPVC systems for windows, 
doors, conservatories, structural glazing and 
curtain walling. 

Due to our continuous success in the UK, we 
have. to increase our sales organisation and 
are therefore seeking. 

Area Sales Representatives 

whose clients are using SCHGCO aluminium 
and uPVC systems. The responsibilities will be 
to service existing customers and to acquire 
new clients. The competent applicants would 
either be sales representatives with technical 
knowledge or engineers . with commercial 
experience and a proven sales' record. 
Applicants with knowledge of the - window 
business will have priority. 

We pay a fixed .salary, commission, 
contributions to 'a private pension fund and 
health Insurance scheme. We also offer a 
Company car. 

Do you think you can meet the above 
requirements? If so, please write with c.v. to: 
Mr H G Lokowand, SCHUCO UK, Times 
House, 179 Marfowes, Hemei Hempstead, 
Herts KP1 IBB 


Not looldngfora new job! 

— probably because, as an experienced recruiter, you 
are already successful and committed to develop that 
success. So why consider joining Management Personnel? 

• a quality client list developed over 20 years. 

• prestigious offices in the Wtest End, Guildford, Windsor 

and St Albans. 

• a new office about to open in the City. 

• a high calibre team of specialist consultants. 

• an unrivalled benefits package which includes a high 
basic salary, generous bonus scheme and a company 

^car of your choice after a qualifying period, non con- 
tributory pension, life, health & sickness insurance. 
Perhaps most important of all, you will be allowed the 
freedom to develop your career in a mature, supportive 
atmosphere. Keen to learn more? Then telephone me, 
Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager. 


Management Personnel 

Recruitment Selection S S earth 

2 Swallow Place, London W1 R 7 AA. 

TaJspbora: 01-4G8 1694^ bum ? 


Monitor our 

International Operations 

Based Cambridge 

if you are a graduate with either ACMA./CA and 2 years' post-qualification 
experience, a experience in one or more functions such as Personnel. R&D. 
EDP or Sales & Marketing, you cculd make a career move into an international 
role in operational control 

FBC is a world market leader m the fields of agrochemical and industriat 
chemical development, production and marketing, with an annual UK 
turnover of over £120 million. Sphering AG operates on a worldwide basis 
through five major drvisions: pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, industrial 
chemicals, fine chemicals and electro -plating, card has a worldwide turnover 
in excess of DM4 QQO million. 

Joining the Operational Audit function you will monitor operational controls 
and procedures across the group, making travel an essential part of the job. 
You will work m all areas of the company ensuring that targets are property 
established, introducing improvements where necessary and measuring 

You must be able to show a practical appreciation of business needs and 
requirements and good interpersonal and communication skills are also 
essential. These positions are themselves seen as stepping stones into different 
functions within the organisation after 3 -A years The salaries are competitive 
and accompanied by a range of benefits including reiocaffon expenses 
where appropriate. 

Please send full career and salary details to Mr NT Smith, FBC Limited. Hauxtoa 
Cambridge C82 5 HU. 

F3C Lrutaa is a 5 ubsOOiv 
cr5zr.enngA&. West Germany 

iiwiiH JonathanW/ren 

On behalf of Major City based Merchant and 
International Banks we seek the following:- 

No 1 Marketing - c.£25,000 Flos Full 

Sales Aid Leasing Benefits Package 

Sales Aid Marketing Specialist, aged 29-35 years, to establish a vendor programme operation. 
Associated technical and back-up skills are essential. 

ACA’s - UK Taxation Neg £18-£25 ,000 

Graduate ACA's, aged 27-30 years, with experience of corporate taxation, who are keen lo utilise 
their creative financial skills more fully, in an agressive banking environment. Vacancies exist within a 
Major US Investment Bank. 

Credit Manager £15-£20, 000 + Benefits 

Proven experience of the medium ticket leasing market, together with the ability to produce in-depth 
credit proposals and related recommendations. 

Operations/ Neg£14-£20,000 

Admin Manager 

Sound leasing knowledge is required to oversee existing middle ticket portfolio and sales aid leasing 
administration. Experience lo include systems, documentation, etc. 

Sales Aid Leasing c.£15-£20,000 

First class experience gained within a Major office equipment sales aid Company, and proven abiny 
to establish and maintain supplier relationships are pre-requisto qualities tor these two raw 

Please contact Jill Backhouse or Peter Haynes on 01-623 1266. 

Ionathan\\fcn _ 

J§ Recruitment Consultants * " 

170 Buhopsgatc, London EC2M 4LX- Tel: 01-623 1266 

Chinese Collections 


. . to ass^t in all aspects of these collections within the Department of Oriental 
Artfoulles. This involves documenting the collections dealing with public enquiries; 
bibliography. he-ping with indexing the relevant library material and photographic 
archive; organising temporary exhibitions assisting in the preparing of general, specialist 
and educational publication; and giving calks and public lectures. 

Candidates must have (cr expect a obtain in 1936) a degree in Chinese. They 
should preferably also have qualifications in, experience c£ or interest in, the material 
culture of China. 

Salary as Curator Grade E £9815 - £12.630 or Curator Grade r £7665 - 
£20,280. Level of appointment and starting salary according a qmHfcaoons and 

Ftrr ttriher detafla and an appUcatior. fbnn (to be returned by 6 ftbnary 1986) 
was to Civil Service Commission. Alencon Link. Basingstoke. Hans SG21 1JB. or 
■eiephone Basingstoke (0255| 465551 {answering service operates outside office hour:!. 
Please quote rtf. G{6)382. 

An equal opportunity employer 

British museum 




Applications invited for new position in 
Association s Head Office. Deputy General 
Manager will be responsible for day to day 
Administration of 13 hostels with over 1.250 beds 
in London, for people In full time employment and 

Salary, terms and conditions of employment to be 
negotiated on personal basis. Benefits include 
superannuation and Life Insurance Scheme. 

Applicants should have sound administrative 
experience and an interest in the welfare of 
peoples. Age group 40 to 55 years. 

Apply in writing for further information and 
application form to Mrs F. Hughes, LHA Ltd„ Head 
Office, 54 Eccleston Square, London SW1V IPG. 

1986 -YOUR 

Changing yournmr? 
Finding employment? 
Taking viue exams? 

MOW B THE TIME mownts 
as 1u uptri lEwnmaf ml 
fsttmea. FflM brodm*: 

mmm career analysts 

Z 2 Z 90C!ou6WS*r M m.WI 

• •• 91-MS W52|2*hfi| 



Fashionable French tex- 
tile company in Sloane St 
requires a fuD time 
e xp erienced bookkeeper/ 
accountant up to trial 
balance. Salary according 
to qualifeatiMa and 
e xperience. 

Write with cv and 
references ter. 

Box 2239L The Times 



Market leadership nationally Is the base from which 
sustained profitable growth will be achieved in the short, m edium , 
and long-term. The Company serves the total f jneg. market and 
the prestigious sectors in. particular with a product range of 
specialised high quality packaging; Financial strength, modern, 
assets, and te chnical proficiency are in support . 

The key task is the profitable direction, management, and 
control of external performance and internal efficiency based on 
the vigorous exploitation of the total market Responsibility is to 
the Chairman. 

A proven record of sustained success in profit centre general 
management is the prime requirement. Experience will relate to 
the successful leadership of last tempo business enterprises in 
which the direction of the dynamics of change in the market-place 
and stringent performance standards have contributed to the 
consistent attainment of demanding profit targets. 

Age: probably early 40s. Attractive conditions of service 
including car provided will be negotiated with the salary i n dic ator 
being £45,000. Location: Rural North Humberside. 

This is a main board appointment in which scope, challenge 
and opportunity abound. 

Letters from suitably qualified men or women should include 
a detailed curriculum vitae including salary progression to date 
which will be handled in confidence by Dr. A. G. Roach. 




ECOTEC is an expanding 
research and a consultancy 
organisation with a major 
presence in Europe. The 
company is committed to an 
exciting programme of work in 
support of the European 
Pollution Control Equipment 
industry by the provision of 
specialised market intelligence, 
networking systems, on line 
data bases and technology 
appraisals. The programme 
requires an additional senior 
member to undertake the 
direction of projects and assist 
with business development in 
relation to> 

(i) Market and technology 
appraisal studies in relation to 
pollution control equipment, 
and energy management fields 

(ii) Technical advice to firms on 
pollution control, recla- 

mation and energy saving (i ii) 
Project appraisal and feasibility 
studies for public sector 
initiatives in support of 
innovation, technology transfer 
and market development 
The candidate will have a 
sound technological back- 
ground in engineering or 
science and an MBA or 
postgraduate qualification in 
Industrial economics, at least 
five years of postgraduate 
experience, good . com- 
munication skills both written 
and verbal. Skill in French .or 
German would be an 

Salary is negotiable up to £20K. 
Plus company car, pension 
scheme and profit sharing, 
scheme. Good prospects for 
further promotion and equity 

Please send detailed c.v. to: F E Joyce, Joint Managing Director, 
ECOTEC Research and Consulting Ltd., Priory House, 18 
Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham B4 6BJ 
Telephone: 021 236 9991. 

Economists CBI 

The CB! seeks two bright enthusiastic young 
professional economists for challenging posts in 
the Economic Directorate. 

The pests are in the Economic Trends Department which conducts the well- 
known monthly and quarterly surveys on industrial and distributive trends. The 
department is also responsible for the CBI’s forecasts, for the analysis on 
economic development in the UK and abroad, and for producing a regular 
Economic Situation ReporL 

Post No. 1 : Senior Econometrician/Forecaster to supervise 
econometric analysis and be responsible for preparation of CBI forecasts. The 
job involves development and updating of the CBI own model and technical 


Post No. 2: Junior Economist to work as a member of a team in 
ar. a'ysis and briefing of the UK, European and US economies. Numeracy and 
ability to write dearly and precisely as well as willingness to deal with new 
lepras quickly and accurately are essential. 

Beth pests win involve briefing and reporting to top level CBI staff and leading 

Salaries subject to negotiation and dependent on qualifications and experience. 
Applications should be sent with ■ full Curriculum Vitae to 
C. RaKhby-Veafl, Confederation of British Industry, Centre Point, 

103 New Oxford Street, London WC1A 1DU. 




Accountancy Personnel » the market leader m the specialist recruitment of 
Accountants and their staff at all levels in commerce, industry and public 
practice. Committed to sustained growth, we offer sound training leading rapidly 
into as exceptionally progressive career structure with all promotion from within, 
providing stimulating and rewarding responsibilities. To join one of our 
successful professional teams you should be 21-30, self motivated and well 
educated, ideally (but not essentially) with some accountancy knowledge 

Contact Richard Wallace on 01-834 0489. Accountancy Personnel, 
7 Glen House. Slag Place, London, SW1E SAD. 



' • \ 

■ London Subsidiary of Loading Wqll Strwt 
Investment Banking Firm 1 ;; 

: Controllers Department 

Career Development Programme for outstanding University ffraduote* . 

Vfe ana searching tor a select few who have the rnta Ifigance , dtedpflne and initiative to 

dexficate all of their stoTte and eoeq^ to pufwfhg a unique career in aw Intomatlonal 

securities industry. 

The role of the Controllers’ Department is to provide timely and accurate fttofmatjon far 
monitorinc thefimTs financial performance andmaWng Important business decisions. The 
. ^ - - - ■ rMAtmllorchinc whirh maintain rfosa. rlaftu 

contact with each of the firm ’s major trading areas. 

Our Programme Offers; y 

% An outstanding compensation programme. Ws offer a starting salary significantly 
above that which most graduates'ean obtain in other entry tevel positions. . 

Thereafter we reward staff strictly according to performance ?nd their take 

on increasingly complex responptoftlties- ..V •• 

• A means of establishing a high growth career in a challenging industry Wb ofl«ra 

significant amount of training in both accounting and In the securities industry plus 
the opportunity to work with exceptionally talented securities industry and 
accounting professionals, j ^ : 

• The objective of the three ye entraining programme is to produce professionals with 

practical accounting skills antfthe knowledge to use them as a tool to approach , 
business problems. { 1 ; 

Requirements: j • t~ -- -- . 

academic careers and be anticipating an excellent university degree. Analytic and 
numerate skffls are essential; / • V. .* -r 1 - 

Please send a comprehensive c.V. and^a covering totter in wlftti'you qutllrwyour reasons 
far applying tar this programme. . - s- 


Mrs.- Lynn Hopping • 

Morgan Stanley International 
Commercial Union Bulkfing 
1 UndershaR -.. 

Laadenhan Street 
London E.C.3 • 

m L ondon " 

The London Office of the Agent-General for Victoria, Australia is seeking to employ two suit- 
ably qualified people to join its economic advisory team. ' ■ ' ~ - ■ *, ' : ' 1 j * 

The Agent-General is responsible for promoting business opportunities in the State pfYictoria 
and applicants will require professinal experience and. initiative. / , K 

- Position 1 - • 


Salary: £13;870- £16,630 ‘ 5* 

Doties ■■■■S - 

Subject to the Direaor, Economic and Tourist- Development, the successful applicant wiB, be 
required to promote and fedlilate within the UX and Europe investment and economic de- 
velopment in the State ofVictoiia. " 1 

Applicants should prasess: V - . . 

Extensive experience in relevant UJL/Europe business or banking sectors; a A 
sound knowledge of the Victorian financial and economic environment; promoti- . 
nal and liaison skills; an innovative approach and. to have attained a suitable 
academic leveL 1 *•- 

. ... Position 2 . ... . 

• , Salar^fll ,485 -£13,653 . 


Reporting to the Assistant Director. Economic Development To assist in promoting and fedti- 
tating within the UK and Europe investment and economic devetopmentln the'Siaie of Vicio- 

ria. ’ •• • . -• 

AppUcams should possess: 

- A thorough knowfet^e of the industrial and commercial infrastructure of rural 
and urban centres in the State of Victoria, and of Government, support facilities 
for industrial development. The ability to liaise with, senior mangement id bank- 
ing and business and sldUs in communication are considered essentiaL To have 
attained a suitable academic leveL 

Applications to be lodged with the Office of the Agent-General (envelopes to be endorsed “Ap- 
plications for Vacancy”) by 4 pm on Friday 31st January 1986 addressed to 

Chief Administrative Officer 
. Victoria House 
Melbourne Place 

London WC2B 4LG 


“Towards a common purpose at work” 

Prior to tbe miremcm of the present Director, the Industrial Participation Associ- 
ation wishes to appoint his successor. 

Established for over 100 years the Assocxrion has a special role in the industrial and 
c ommerci al life of this country- Membership includes successful companies, large 
and s m a l l as well as leading Trade Unionists. Dedicated to employee involvement 
the Association also seeks to influence Government and EEC legislation. 

Applicants musr provide identifiable experience of participation policy practice; 
will preferably hold a good university degree or a professional q ualifi cation, eg. 
finance or law; have proven management skills, the ability to think constructively 
with i m ag in ation and to communicate well with other people. 

Preferred candidates will already live in or near London and be aged 40/50 years.' ' 
Please write enclosing concise GV and salary expectation tor . 

. Sir Richard O'Brren, 

IP A, 85 Tooley Skreat, ....... rlljHl:. 

London, SE1 2QZ. ^ 


■ i r * 

imTh \ 


t JL> ] H 
1 H ; 


Ififid Software, wholly Ivi 

Jast ini 984 we movedinto -- . - 

Europe. In -1985, ths USA; 1986 a Ire ady promises more 
massive cteyelppmepL-' sr-r - ...... , - 

" . The successfiiF uttthat has triggered this 
expansion is our state-of-the-art, 
folly-integrated total business ■ • 

^d^Msin^themarfcrtJeaidfhgPlCK : Hu 

' NOV^-ararfter advance. Through 1 
forging strong [inks with IBM, we can offer 
theflexibility and power of PICK to IBM’ 
mainframe osersln the UK arid Europe. 

... In £rder to.maxknise ttepotentiaTof this 
exdtiiig system we require' an' outstanding; 

Jn<WiniLai frv cnfiartiAarl 



OTE c.£37 r 000 
- Cheshire based 

for the IBM marketplace, perhaps as a 
mainframe salesman. 

li 7. 

thereafter motivate distributors to 
sell PICK to IBM mainframe users. 
Although based at our 
Congfeton head office, a • - i 
pleasant rural . . if 
. Cheshire, the job will triyoive' Tvl 
considerable travel ' J 

appoint and 

dine BUPA, 

would emphasize that the opportunities for 
self development within this dynamic, 
growing company are considerable. 

To apply, please write or telephone for an 
application form or alternatively,, ‘phone John 
Priestley, our Sales & Marketing Director to 
discuss the potential and technical aspects of 
this challenging job TODAY 
on Congleton (0260)280601 , . 

Trifid Software Limited, Woodside Park, 
Chelford Road, Congteton, Cheshire. 

CW12 2LY. 





Recraxtment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

Director of 
and Personnel 

c£22,000 plus car 





178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London WIN 5TB. TeL 01-631 441L 
8 Mathew Street, Liverpool L2 6RE, 
Tel: 051-236 1724 

adtnkdstretioiv performance appnhal, training 
'aoddCTdqpmimtmdhtfa la fl v emaMm 

i p hHB g tewnpIn y mwit Ap pBramlB < ehni « H . 

have experience ctf roast, finot 5. offlfs range 
of (unctions. 

Applicants for both pastsshodd hold a 

background information aboot both - 
a ppata t mente please tefepbooc or send 
your culoMer Nielsen. 

- CkosvwicgSeaidilntcmafionaL 
359-361 Eratorl Rout London NW1 3AW 
Tel: 01-387 6667. QuoHngwf C467. 

TTm TV riwimu l lS »n» | > f 

ItepattetotfaeDhgd raofQpe ra tinnB and 




ttemiitoMBtlHiMiitoy. TtebaanBah^wnbfttfwl 
nd to mjopd sowiawt flroitt Iwtii i# tta UK and 

Key tuts wflbK 

• totem* 

* ttptetate 

utonnnlBont ins hd low 

ar= . CT wwa, 
W salts MtMWt 


Making a crucial career decision in 1986? 

If th# concept ot working h a dynamic advertising HdM anvfronmant hursts 
you, tan oar cflsnfe, .a «kli tang* of major puhfisfSng oonpanfes wxM ba 
keen n owM you-Ttwy are currantty looking ID recruit gradoaln to nki n 
Tina Executives. 

You wB raad Inherent ansfgy, Bln tetf-motivaifon Bid cura i Wm en t M well as 
■ aaran of funl In reward axcaBart treking and genuine center 
oppariunNm bid mWi, plus feat year 

potantiBl eamfrtge ot £9,000. <mrtl .gylTS 

Why not nM your amr ApPCMN* "■y* 1 " 



poamtWwnkigaotra.OOa ..rrtlFI^ 

Why nrteohe your can* AppOO^’^T 

Gemma now by raftng __ A n||ATfc ot-tfS 



London & Home Counties 
Genuine ppportunhy to eamwefl over £20,000 

Utiora. IN* ora la afferent. 

TRa AcoomUna Koras to a wl a rttMtoln d Coaipany, based In Crnnbwtoy. 
m«My anososu ki MHfeig up mtorocompuar baud bumn B»oun numgs- 
iMd systems. Most of our atoms are smaS to msAm afcedcompantoe. aid 
unnAymst-Umabuyn. ... 

To testate titis c o ura r cm y, «m offer out “BuMnaasman" package - a Wd 
*#nrto to the Ctient right through »BrarK*ig. . 

To aafi A wa raad capita. Industrious, professional paopto wtti toa maturBy and 
WBjpity to doal dreaV Bbh oimare or asotor maragare of CBart organteaUora. 
Expartanca of buOnau and aopoonUnj tojurtia tagonant u a raaaonabia 

• SanabfeSKhlSSpBaCB^^II^BA (Oran aafy btoaniaw appoioWaAar 
writo CLV. toe Tha Accooainfl Housa UUtod, Yatatoy Lndra. Rradtag 
Wadi Yatotay, Cambartay. Surrey OU1T 7AA. Ae Apitcot AsaocWa Company. 



The Soctaty. who* o^ad to to adwmea the sdence of btocharaatry. 
htq wro 6£C0 members in Die UK- and oversea* ft holds feoidar 
scientific meeanoa n UX, «#» and ptiblshos thru adanHic jour- 
nals and operates a dtotribuftn ssrvtca fcr its own pubHcafions and 
ton of otoersirnaar bodes. _ .. .• 1 .11 . .. 

‘ ThB Sodaty has a vacancy at its London offices far an 




Bedfordshire + Buckinghamshire 


Have you: 

* Sates experience 

* AbffityW manage people 
- ft A clem drtvhTflftamce 

■ff-ihe answer to these qpuOtxi to YES you could be thg peraon to 
w. The Nattonal Chlktom’s Home needs you to work i R*tftne Mm 
funds & promoting a wWe range of caring serutces. NCH tea Chris- 
tian baaed organmatkm. 

Ptaaaie contact: Ctete KRchln at NCH, Wghflald Oval, Htopandan, 
Herts. Tetopbona Htopenden (05*27) 67795 ter appHcatton focra 
and job daacription. 

chief axacutne. . 

So™ 'experience b'eomUiMf assocation/aoctety work wodd obvl- 
oualy be oaafuL Howevar, more imporlant to the abgty to draf t i n cter 

vtoton. Salary c.£10to9. • ' 

Furttw detodla may be obtained Ironr Mr C3yn Jones. Executive Sec- 
rda^.TIwBiodhaiwtel Society. 7 Warwick CairLH^HdborTvL.^ 

WC1R SOP. to wtom appteetions M carter Mian mono w 
nwtoby31 January. 1986. ■ .... 

Younganeraeticperson to work with meonourtsomputor- 

Knowledge ofWWEand coroputariaed account* inqdwh 

tagetwtwBbe trained if necsssaiy. 

^Vo offer ‘tor attritoftw package combining eompatfflvs 
salBiy.MHfr discount, etc. . - . 

Wlte?appiy inwrttino with CVto: 

PairfOnne^mith, .... 

Bcrkmann Wins Cellars Ltd, 

t2Brsw«yRoad, . - 

; -r-HLoitdoii M7BWH - - .•- 

. ;r • 1 ‘ ‘ ; ' ’ for furtto details . : 


Expanding Marketing Company requires tele- 
sales staff for new West End offices. If you're 
ambitious enthusiastic, self-motivated and 
need to earn £250 per week plus. 

41-499 3622 

Redundant — oi just looking? 

arc Individually tailored to meet the needs ofsenlor 
eaecutlves (mm and women) In mid-career, and gel 
Loadoo (01) 4990321' Bristol (02721 21 1987 

QnUdfpnl (0*83) 575090 Baabniy (0295) 59885 

MM Bi Search ad Assessment Services Ud 
raM-3 IteadOffiQe Ulligk SL Bantouy mifiSCD 


w'shos to appoint a new 




Applications are invited for the above 
Consultant posts. Higher qualifications 
and experience in speciality essential. 

Female Doctors preferred. Unique oppor-' 
tunity to work in a modern small hospital 
and to participate in educational training 
and preventative programmes throughout 
the Sultanate. 

Ideal for established consultants either as 
two year secondment or longer period 

[Dental facilities are excellent. The post 
will be suitable for a General Dental Sur- 
geon with a minimum of three years 
dental experience. 

Salary commensurate with experience. 
Attractive ambience and excellent 
housing, travel and amenity benefits. 

Interviews London, end of 
January 1986 

Applications to Box No.JD 383 


of the highest calibre required by 
international company manufacturing 
& marketing, one of the largest ranges 
of system office furniture & system 
' partitioning direct to individual 
companies as well as through 
Architects or Interior Consultants. 
Large stocks carried in the UK, & 
complete sales back-up facilities 
available in order to secure business. 

Candidates must have the right 
personality & presence, preferably with 
a proven track record, to contact clients 
at top level, together with drive & 

Great opportunity for advancement 
both in the UK & abroad. Preferred age 

Minimum guaranteed income £20,000 
p.a. with every opportunity to earn 
more than twice this sum within a very 
short period. Company car provided 
plus Pension and Private Medical 
Schemes. Write with full CV to Box 
No. 1815 N The Times. 



NAHA requires full-time executive to Initiate discussions 
and negotiations with senior management of trade 

Experience in the travel industry an advantage. 

Salary circa £17,000. 

Reply with c.v. to the Secretary, National Association of 
Independent Travel Agents, 1 Crown Road, Morden, 
Surrey, SM45DD.. ^ 


Severwaks based commodity merchants are looking tor a graduate 
trainM early 20‘s. The training programme wSl expose the successful 
appBcant to al aspects of the company 's computerised buying, stotag 
and stoddwidng operations. As a trader ha or sfta wHI be involved m 
tiding to wholesalers, supermarkets and food manufacturers and 
buying lha products cflrect from the oountry of origin. 

The auccMSiuf person is Skaty to 

(a) Be Interested to sefling and marketing. 

(b) E^oytravaBng to tha UK and abroad. 

(d 8a ambitious for responsibffity and success. 

Pteua writs wtt M CV to John Southworth, Agency H *T Walker 
Ltd, Waflctr Horisa, London ltd. Hvmhead. Sevenoaks, Kent TNI 3 

This to toe senior administrative post In the National Society 
concerned with toe study and protection of Victorian and Edwardian 

irchitoetura and als. • 

Artninistrativs expertoncs and abfity essential Salary negotiable. 

For dateto contact 

Tfre VletoriafVSoCtetY 
1 Priory Gardena. London W4 ITT. 

Tek 01 >8841018 


CHWST1AM AID Maks Praject Officar to start nsponsaoitywllf otwotoflr 
(already in post) tor totSa, Pakistan and tefladcab. Preference for men or 
women eho law worked In twa or more ut these countries. Dewtoptnent 
hmidadoa. a d m tfe h a li w dffly add Sjffipaaiy wtt i Ctina ten AB.S toro 
essmW. Though Loraton-bassutla Project Officer wffl stffind SWradmaWy 
Sday cunently £l (L500 pa. 

jtflpy to Biting only, endcstig stampssi atf^wsaf anwftwsftr^*- 


Panaouri OtErar. CbrisBao fit TO In tie 1, India SW8 SUL 

Qosing data 10 February 



London c£25,000 + Car 

An outstanding growth opportunity for a young 
high potential MBA/graduate possessing a sound 
commercial/financial background to join the 
European HQ of one of the world’s leading financial 

He or she will be looking for a high profile 
position in a dynamic environment where progress is 
closely linked to personal achievement 

The role’s objective is to work on special 
projects advising senior managers on investment 
banking, securities trading, mergers/acquisitions 
and sales, etc. with involvement in operations, 
market development, systems, sales and finance. 



London c£17,000 + Car 

Our client is also seeking an experienced 
qualified accountant to take responsibility for 
financial analysis, forecasting and accounts 
consolidation for all the business in E/ME/A. 

He or she should be aged 29-33, have a record of 
achievement in an international environment and be 
systems experienced including use of IBM (PC) etc. 

Both these positions cany non-contributive 
pension/BUPA, etc and applicants should write or 
call Judith Firth in absolute confidence at:- 



* Company 

Diversified pic 

London area c. £18,500 + car 

This successful £60 mQlion-tumover 
group manufactures and markets a 
variety of specialist products. With over 
800 employees and some 20 subsidiaries 
located throughout the UK, the strengths 
of its balance sheet and management 
provide an excellent springboard for 
further growth. The need, now, is for 
an experienced Company 
Secretary who will report to — 
the MD and carry out the full ||| | 

range of statutory and admini- 
strarive duties associated with B 
a group of this size. Supporting ^Lm4 


the Board in the execution of its growth 
plans, whether by-expansion or acquisition, 
will be a prime task. 

Candidates, aged 35 to 45, should be 
members of an appropriate professional 
body and must demonstrate a successful 
record of achievement in a similar role, 
ideally in a group operation. Salary is 
negotiable and a car will form part 
h of an attractive benefits package. 

Please send brief cv, in 
confidence, to Peter Greenaway, 
Ref: AAS1/9866/T. 

R\ Personnel Services 

Exrcuott Search ■ Selection ■ Piychtmetria • Remuneration & Personnel Consultancy 

Hyde Park House, 60a Knigius bridge, London SW1X 7LE. 
Tel: 01 -235 8080 Teles: 27874 

New Year opportunities for pharmaceutical sales professionals to excel 
in a high quality, caring environment as 

Hospital Representatives 

in S.E. London; N. London/Herts; W. Midlands. 

With an impressive growth record in research- based ethical products and 
backed by the largest pharmaceutical group In the world, our UK client is 
ready to invest for 1986 in talented men and women capable of setting new 
standards of sales performance. 

The people we seek are already successful pharmaceutical representatives 
who can demonstrate real ability to influence hospital teams at all levels. 
While experience of hospital sales would be an advantage, selection will 
depend more on technical awareness, business judgement and personal 
qualities of drive, presence and tenacity. 

Successful candidates will justify an above average remuneration package 
with starting salaries in the range to £13,000 per annum and will be 
encouraged to develop their careers into senior and executive levels of 
representation or into sales or marketing management. 

A telephone call, please, to advising consultant Dave Mullender on 02S4 
O930Q up to 9 p. m. today or tomorrow [ rf the line is busy a message mar be 
left on 0727 37474) or a concise cm. to him at the address below (Ref. 9626) 
within a week. 

Mullender, Stephens 

Dolphin Yard, He Holywell Hill, St Albans, Hertfordshire AL1 !EZ 
Selection * Development 

Office Technology Recruitment 


A dynamic recruitment services organisation offers a unique opportunity to 
develop its share of the market for the placement of permanent and temporary 
staff within all office technology functions. Working Ihrough tee branch net- 
work, tee successful candidate's role will be to increase the existing market 
share. This will be achieved by stimulating demand from both employers and 
applicants, through tee current successful team of consultants and managers 
and a small specialist team. 

Such a position demands a dear understanding of office technology and tee 
job market plus a demonstrable ability to achieve results through others, 
ideally within an employment services company. 

The salary package will reflect the Importance of the position and It is unlikely 
that those earning under £1 5,000 pa will have the necessary experience. 

Replies to Box 1814, The Times should include a foil CV, current earnings and 
a contact telephone number. 



©Trade 01-278 9161/5 


® Trade 01- 

<§. International Marketing 
or Marketing Research experience? 

take q dose look 
at what Wellcome has to offer . . . 

The Wellcome Foundation is the parent of an international group of pharmaceutical companies with headquarters in the United 
Kingdom and a current annual turnover in excess of S 1 000m. We are preparing fora public flotation of the company later the year - 
it all adds up to a bright future. 

Our New Products Division provides the vital commercial input and advice to our substantial R &. D programme. 

We are now looking to strengthen our Marketing operations and wish to recruit a Marketing Research Analyst and a Marketing 
Executive, both based at our main research site at Beckenham. Kent 

You will be joining a highly professional ream concerned with rhe identification and assessment of the commercial viability of 
porenrial new products, and you will also be involved in the development of worldwide marketing strategies. You wiU have a well 
defined area of responsibility and will enjoy the benefit of working In a sophisticated and inreilecrualiy stimulating environment. 

You should have relevant international marketing anctor marketing research experience preferably gained in a large R &. D based 
organisation. A business studies qualification will be an advantage, and for rhe Marketing Research Analyst position, experience in 
computer modelling and quantitative methods is desirable. 

Salary will be dependent upon experience and scales will be reviewed on ist May. 1986. Excellent benefits include five weeks' 
holiday, pension scheme, subsidised restaurant and sports and social club facilities. Generous assistance with relocation expenses 
where appropriate. 

Interested? If so. please write with full cv. to Audrey Bowker. Personnel Officer. The Wellcome Research Laboratories. 

Langley Court Beckenham. Kent BR3 3BS. /^BHr 


Age 30 to 35 

We are a leading UK based international 


experienced professionals in property and 
construction based in London. 

The people we appoint will be able to 
operate effectively on projects in the UK 
and overseas and in the private and public 
sectors. They should have broad experience, 
including implementing computer systems, 
in one or more of the following areas: 

■ Property management 

■ Building maintenan ce. 

■ B uilding project estimating, 
cost control and management 

; f.t 

.. 4 » : * 

To £25k & car 

Wereqnire: . .' ■ ' , ' . 

— Good degree and membecsliip of RIC& 

— At least 5 years relevantexp^ience, - 

— Analytic and numerate approach* 

— Wfflmgness to challenge established views. 

— Proven and demonstrable track record. 

— Ability to .Write dear and concise reports. 

| 'I ; m ' ■ , 

If you are resident in the, UKandwouldUke *' 
us to consider you, pleaSe send a brief CV, 
including remuneration history i and a. 
co\>ermg letter quotingreferencePCM/J, 
selling yourself tp Dr. Colfn Robinson, . 

Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Ccl Management 
Consultants, 1 Puddle Dock, Blackfmrs, 
London EC4V3P& r 


I ELI m ar 



required with contacts at highest level with architects, 
Space Planners Estate Agents etc by firm of inter- 
national manufacturers of system office furniture and 

Minimum guaranteed earnings £20,000 pa + company 
car^ expenses, pension & private medical schemes. 

Alternatively self employed terms can be arranged. 
Reply with full details to Box No. 181 6N The Times. 


An Arabic weekly magazine 
is seeking to recruit an 
experienced editor. Appli- 
cants must hold University 
degrees, have some ex- 
perience in similar post and 
are i able to review Arabic. 
English. French and Ger- 
man publications. Further 
contributions to Arabic cul- 
tural activities are advan- 
tageous. Preferable age 
group 35-45. Salary 12-14K 
subject to experience. 
Rease write, send your CV 

l The Director, 

55 Banner St, 
London EC1 



London, Birmingham 

Due to exciting expansion, 
we have created oppor- 
tunities for ambitious and 
hardworking extroverts to 
tram as Recruitment Con- 
sultants. If you are 18-26 
yrs. we can offer you a well 
paid, hectic but satisfying 
career with our energsbc 
team. Call: 

on 01-828 4976 
for further details 


ii'.’ems ng e«cu‘j vs reejirec :o 
jen small marketny ’.sam lor 
nationa; estate agar.s ami pro- 
:aly consultants :n tnsir Mayfair 
office. SKcofsib'iites vnn in- 
cite*.,r.g national 
aivertisirg anti visua* image of copy writing, de- 
S'gn and secretarial work essen- 

For further information contact 

Dawn Carritt at 
Jackson Slops & Staff. 

14 Ciirzon Street 
London W1 
01-4M 6291 


£16,000 to £20,000 
per annum plus 
performance bonus 

is sought by prestigious Mayfair 
restaurant with £1.5 lo £2 
million turnover. Restauranl 
experience essential. 

3esd u. in confidence to; 
Chairman. 108 Breed Lane 
St Albans, Herts. 

luxury Bathrooms 

Rvmtni pwton wtm 

Mi iBa i i nwi Downttal. tor 
roioonatWF Interncno poBtUon 
tm^olvlng nit astwett « «h« 
bum*. Salary nwodaai* 

T«fc Ol -625 MflB 


recuWKHor42m IwaTyacWfer 
MtHwmra M B i I Carntwan 

An Arabic 

An Arabic weekly magazine is 
seckine «o recruit a 
Professional journalist Tor the 
post of a Managing Editor. A 
, minimum of 7 years 
i experience is required in a 
similar post with an Arabic 
weekly journal. 

Preferable age group 30-40 
years. Salary £i 2 , 0 15.000 
subicct w experience. Send- 
your CV to: 

The Director. 

55 Banner Street, 
London. EC1 SPX. 

London, Birmingham 

If you are young (21-26), 
hard working and deter- 
mined to succeed, usual 
knowledge to recruit staff 
for our clients throughout 
the country. As part of 
the UK's largest techni- 
cal consultancy we can 
offer an attractive salary, 
training and excellent 
career prospects. 

Call Amanda 
now on: 

01-828 4976 


F?S i Management) Ltd is ico*r- 
■r.g ter 3 s-jzze:s!u‘. sales 
people m ti-.e Lessen area who 
have a burring desire to 
achieve even greater pciantial 
via a career m Sales Manage- 
ment ir> the Financial Services 
industry. The successful apps- 
canto will be over 21. ex- 
tremely air.o-.ious. self-motiv- 
ated and abie to communicate 
ai the highest leret -r. cur e«cq- 
r.g City en-nron.-rero 
Call Charles Bartlett 
on 831 7921. 




Seeks Gan-ral Admin istraicr 
tor new exciting European 
opera & festival project 
Candidate must have extensive 
experience at opera 
management, public relations & 
languages, and be free to 
ravel. Excellent salary. Written 
applications wihCVta 

Bex No 1235 W The Timas 






Km rnxan ftr K3C-AT 'Jtztrz ner-eg 
n irdury Gam kaovMyt « 
Fnodi Ml Gmn ecaoajl. Wrxtng 
Jj; sanerji srd ataj-.r-r.-.i saout a 
■hf scxwistisar -htj bit. m 

mtod a» essi *ct wxr.TSsrm vrjt- 
Cannes. igec tS-22 «c. eriecen a a- 
wat. PBaMUna 01-ZZS 1377. 

MiM e craw wn I CbrUmwi 
eruM Apni tHouer August 
1536. Age 20-3J). Exca&ent 
artery araf benaStt 

Tut 91 629 7779 lor 
further details- 

ESfpjsc I 

wsTbenatte. | 1 enft- _Co.THnj95A)n 


Are you female. 22+. well-spo- 
ken and extrovert 9 Then you will 
enjoy settng Jermyr St Shirts 
direct t o City and West End co- 
unts. ConiflilsskHI basis eammq 
£200+ par weak. Sales leads £ 
training provided. 

01-437 34SS 

Chief Executives, Managing Directors, 

Directors, Sales and Marketing 
Executives, Finance Executives. 


GENERAL APPOINTMENTS (01) 278 9161/5. 




Ajjp*iwra are vwfed for rw «ppcrar» 

re* IXtt « MSB! wT'm XT J^aiUOe lr*n 


Oo*tnq dats ill Dth Fatmwy 1966. 
RuyiCoteTvcf Music 
Pmca Ccmcrt Rexd. Lonflon SV* 33 
Tfip-lcii* 01-589-35*3 Er.9rson2I 

Ametex Fabrics (UK) 

Rraolrr an xrMUrlaiul 
xuonwnl Utrir rapMlv npuidiiN 
contract business. The ncslbon 
wtn be based m me London arm 
and on attractive A flexible 
remuneration package Is offered. 
Applicants musi be iharougliJy 
Fiperlenced m Die solo Of fabrloi 
lor contract us** and mint be v-ell 
c onnected wKtiui me trade. 
Please apply in writing re: 



We are a busy friendly young practice (75 peoplej of Consulting 
Engineers in Str.rdt field EC.l and arc involved id the design of 
a variety of interesting buildings both new and historic. 

We need a competent person, probably a graduate, to take on 
some of the administrative workload and to assist the Senior 
Parmer. Applicants should have the ability and intelligence to 
deal with a wide range of tasks and have had some previous 
office experience. Typing useful but not absolutely essential. 
Four weeks holiday and free lunches 3 limes a week. Salary 
negotiable. W rite enclosing C.V. to: 

Alison Greig. 


14-16 Cc» cross Street. London. EC1M SDR, 


Our client is a. major UK Stockbroker which, has recently ali gned itself widi a leading 
financial Institution. The firm is con tinuing to expand its c or p o ra te finance activities ana 
consequently seeks additional staff to jom the gristing corporate finance rfepartmmi-. 

The requirement- is for highly professional cotporateir nanraers , atn^rly sxrorkr^^ mTbpr 
a merchant bank or stockbroker, who would relish the dalleiige'bfWlibg in afet growing 
and lively environment. ^ ’ - 

It is essential that candidates are articulate and confident in order to rrinrjnrr t he, n mu ffliy 
business development and marketing. They should be self motivated and keen tobemvolvoi 
in the team's development. 

A very attractive remuneration package will be offered. 

Interested applicants should write, enclosing a detailed curriculum vitae, to NeaT Wyman 
BSc ACA, Manager, Corporate Finance Division, at 39/41 Parker Street, London WC2B 
5LH, or telephone him on 01-404 5751 quoting ref. 6196. 


Michael Bage City 

International Recruitment Consultants—London Brussels Ne\vM>rk Sydney 
A member of die Addison ftge HjC group 



dale far a 

Kj y: , 



Badenoch & Clark 



^ . To £30,000 + Car 

On 'behalf of several firms of Chartered Accountants, we are currently seeking a 
noniber of high calibre c an d id at es for senior irisolvency positions in London, 
Anglia. Birmingham, Leice^erand Yorkshire 

Successful applicants should be iri-iheir late twenties/ early thirties with a proven track 
record in liquidations aruFwrecelveiships. 

These positions range ■ from start-up ritiiatk^ in new offices "to protective 
partnerships in esiablitoed environments. 

For furtfter Information contact Colin PerkWcv JonVarey: 

C £18,000 + Car 

Secomak Air Products is the market 
leader in a number of specialist 
manufactured products. The company 
is very profitable, has outstanding 
management ratios and is a member of 
the highly successful Halma Group. 
We are seeking a Financial Director to 
join a Board that enjoys considerable 
autonomy. The successful candidate 
will have manufacturing experience, is 

North West London 

likely to be an AGA. of above average 
ability aged between 25-35. and ■will 
be expected to play an important part 
in shaping the company's future. An 
early task will be to review and replace 
ail the company's computer systems 
and equipment. 

The comprehensive package of 
benefits includes a share scheme. 

Please reply in strict confidence, with full CV, lo; 
Mr. CQ. Summerhayes, Divisional Chief Executive. 
SPC House, Evington Valley Road, Leicester LE5 5LU 



On behalf of several of our dienfs, two large and three medhrai sized Citv oraedees, 
we are cumsnth/ recnntnw exDorienferl mniiftArt q«iwi™ t a -JzJ 

Yn ’^ iauQe triCj rarmers .afi- 

Candidates, who shouldbe bflie age range 25 to 30,’ must have a minimum of one- 
^^tip^S^rSihffnfiOTL neCefiSaiy ™ WB ' Bnd ambf6on to be admitted 4b the 

Pk^rontact Timothy Barray or RiichirfQdwe. 

Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16*18 New Bridge St London EC4VMU 1 
Telephone 0l-583’bd73- : ' V; 

i. : •* • -■ =*: Arr-t . ■ 



: -=k& 


Wr» Trade 1 



24-25 Seala Street, London W1P1LU 

'■ V-- 

*.? i 


*1?* P?*tege* a new indepen- 
dent college. Challenging post for qualified 
accoontent wishing take on full range of 
finwicgl^ ' responsibilities. . Salary . £16,000- 

Apply w&h fijB. details of education - and 
ejqperience ASAP^tor ■; ;\r.' 

EX^OnWE ' I 




AUTHOMTATIVa VOU wanted ter 
unnnBdad aatea bn wi. tSSoo. 




ACCOUKTAIfT (noo^rooKeD reman*! 

mat company in m* cuy, 
ga um Ofawaa pavo mo 

a computer for rpccnttn® aw 

Durcbkw and ml** of ancuritteo and 

. i. ' V. 

University ofMancbester 



Senior Rfsean&FcQow in 

Manag erial A f raming anrt 

j ' Finance 

Applications are invited from 
ataMy qualified candidates for :• 
the above post; salary jange . 
j£14,]35to£I7,705 (ande£ review)^. 

Further particulars and. 
application forms (returnable by 
January 31su;l 986) fitm tbes>- 

.. registrar 

The University 
Manchester M13 9PL 
Quote riefi 267/85/T 





We are a leading overseas banking 
recruitment consultancy and have recently 
established offices in Sydney and Hong 
Kong with further expansion planned for 
1986. Our corporate style encourages a 
team effort in a friendly, stimulating and 
. professional environment and our clients 
era among the top-ranking banking 
institutions in Europe, the Middle and Far 
East and Australasia. 

‘ To complement the development of our 
global network and to meet the increasing 
demand for our services, we are seeking to 
recruit two additional, highly-motivated 
consultants for our Europeanteam based in 
London who wQI c on centra te on the 
recruitment of banking executives in 
German-speaking Europe. We would also 
be interested to hear from candidates who 
may not have the required language ability 
but would like to be considered for similar 
positions within the Company. 

To develop new rolatfoniships and 
maintain our existing ones in Germany, 
Luxembourg and Switzerland, you must' " 
have total command of the German 
language and an understanding of the 

business climate. Ideally aged between 26 
and 33, you mil have sound marketing 
abilities and a knowledge of international 
banking, gained from a minimum 5 years' 
experience in banking or from a relevant 
consultancy. Obviously, good 
communicative and interpersonal skills are 
also necessary. 

This is a unique opportunity to accept the 
challenges of a fast-moving, demanding 
rather than conventional career. In addition to 
an outstanding level of jab satisfaction, good 
prospects and regular overseas travel, you 
may also anticipate an. attractive 
remuneration package consisting of a base 
salary plus a generous performance-related 
bonus- potentially unlimited. On-target 
earnings average between £20,000 and 
£30,000 plus car. 

.Please telephone or write with full career 
details to: 

Floy Webb, Managing Director, 
Jonathan Wren International Limited, 
170 Biahopagate, London, EC2M4LX. 
Tel: C013 623 1266. 

Telex: 8054073 WRENCO. 

I Premier 
- UK Merchant Bank 

International Division 
ACA’s & Solicitors 

Obf client, one of the leading UK Merchant banks is currently seeking to 
rcaiiit a recently qualified Chartered Accountant and a recently qualified 
Solicitor for their International Division. 

Based in London, those appointed will be involved in major international 
project financing, including identification of business opportunities, 
advice on the most appropriate methods of funding, and negotiation 
of transactions both tee and asset-based. 

represent excellent opportunities for two high calibre individuals to 
develop careers in a prime institution. Full training will be provided. 

J” .die ^ rst ‘ nstance please contact Andrew Stewart or Jonathan 
Wil liams on 01-404 5751 or write to them, quoting ref. 3590, ?■ 
Michael Page City, 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 

Michael Rage City 

International Recruitment Consultants 
London Brussels New York Sydney 

A member of the Addison Rage PLC group 



gTrade 01-278 9161/5 


London • Sydney ‘ Hong Kong 


«. Jonathan Wren 

International Ltd 

X r w ■. mr ■ O •— k M \jr ■ M ^ H rf— ■ I It 4 * 



Banking Consultants 



p.>::gagc * 

. - -jC-' 

. " -3* 

(£42,588 X 645(3) to £44,523) 

A successful Executive with a proven innovative 
record is required for this key post Applicants must 
be able to demonstrate extensive management - 
experience at a senior level but not necessarily wfthin 
‘ a local authority 

The Chief Executive W3 be leader of Chief Officers’ 
responsible for the provision of pubBc services to a' ., 
population of 8 58.000. The postholder, who will not 
have any departmental responsibilities. wiBbe-\ 

: v required to achietfe and sustain a corporate 
management approach in the County Council In 
particular; he/she wffi be involved in policy planning, 
performance review and economto development 
Tije County Council has an annual budget of£345m 
* and38,600amplby<ebs. • 

The appointment will be for a fixed four year term. 

: Director otAcfmlnistrsBon, . 

. J Huotfw^&GouiTtyCajncB, BetnJngate House, 

Flemingatc. B-Herfajf HLH 70 NQ. ■ ■ ' 

. ' ‘^3i^r^inpau^ic» ptef^cantact Nfce/Fammf 
. ‘ j - • 'i.iCftfefPEfscinfleJOflfcec 

Telephone number 0482 867131 extn 3148. 

Tb* cloring date ftor appScatiom to 7th FebruMx 18Mk 

Hurrjberslde County Council . 

1 isanS^jOpportunttyEmptoyer. - . 



Based at Swindon Head Office 



Burmah-Castrol, with an annual . 
member of the BurmahGroup of 
companies responsible for the UK 
manufacturing and marketing of the 
wefi-known Castrol range of 
lubricants, and the UK marketing of 
petroleum fuels products. 

As a result of internal promotion, our 
Internal Audit Department has a 
vacancy for a young, qualified 
accountant with around two years' 
sound post-qualification experience in 
the profession or in industry. Some 
degree of travel wittfin the UK is 
required from a base in a pleasant, 
modem office complex on 
the outskirts of Swindon. 

In addition to providing interesting and 
varied work to broaden your 
experience, the Department 
traditionally produces accountants for 
career advancement throughout the 

A competitive salary and toe usual 
large-company benefits are provided; 
relocation assistance wifi be given 
where appropriate. 

Please send full cv, or telephone or 
write for an application form, to 
Liz Patterson, Personnel Department, 
Burmah-Castrol (UK) Limited, 

Burmah House, Pipers Way, Swindon, 
Wiltshire SN3 IRE. 

Telephone: 0793 30151 
ext 2984. 

• ■ ■ for accountants, tax specialists and lawyers. Which office of Gabriel Duffy 
Consultancy - London, Brighton, or the new Reading office - should you visit to get the 
quality of service which won Gabriel Duffy the "Recruitment Consultancy of the Year" 
award? To find out write or call .. . 


Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swtthins Lane 

Cannon Street London, EC4N BAL 

Public Practice (Nationwide) 01 623 4395 
Legal 01 623 4295 

Public Practice (London) 01 623 4295 
Industry & Commerce 01 623 3195 
Temps 01 623 1617 
Or eve rungs/weekends telephone Don Leslie on 354 5229. 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 130A Western Road 

Brighton BNt 2LA 

All departments (0273) 29822 

Or evenings/weekends telephone Cathy Casey on Brighton (0273) 730516 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 60 Kings Road, 

Reading RG1 3AA 

All departments (0734) 502881 

Or evenings/weekends telephone Helen Spain on Burghfield Common (073529) 3447. 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 17 st. Swithins Lane, 
Cannon Street, London, EC4N 8AL. 


t .1 r 

• 7 Y 

■ ';^ s * 
- ‘ 

sioN a1 L 


'from the Transport Act KJ85 the Burnley and 
Pmdk'fiBrEportConipanv wfll succeed ^the Burnley and 
Pendlz jpmt Transport C ommit tee in ptovidrng bus 

todaskfirst g^te setMngtoreddlriMeiatfngKiiector 
folead foe new Company success&Hyin the c o mpetiti ve 

ppficstas with a tom 
t prefooed but ofiier i 

will be ctmMdered. Applicants musthe able to 
ttemmB t iat e thrirabfeytomanaeea tia ri sp oil 

tare!!* managerial and 
sweesmyto enaHet&e new Company to 
trade on a profitable basts 

The salary is negOddsSe In the range of £^},000-£25,000 
{Ars^rptopriate perokm arrangements. 

should beset* to the 
tat later than 3bt3anuaty 

so as to arrive by 

Further details 

Mr. R. Wfclilk, 

T nwj i nyTliaH a if . n w u 



Account Officer c£23,000 

An irrtemationaJ bank is developing 
relationships with European corpOTata 
entities, it seeks an additional executive - 
who offers extensive credit experience as 
wefi as fluency in a second language to 
develop a career in the marketing of trade 
finance. - 

Corporate Dealer £20,000+ 

lf you are good at generating FOREX 
business, particularly with new clients, a 
reputable international banking group . 
would like to hear from you. You are 
propabty aged 25 to 28 with good 
experi^hcQ of FOREX products, including 
Ref: NM1823 

Write or telephone Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager 

Corporate Finance c£20,000 

Prestigious merchant bank seeks a 
graduate ACA to develop a career in all 
aspects of loans, syndications, 
acceirtances etc. Enthusiasm and 
ambition will be amply rewarded. 

Ref: NM1738 

Credit Officer c£ 14,000 

Leading European bank is recruiting for a 
person who offers experience of loan 
administration and credit analysis to 
become involved In all aspects of Credit 
and Documentation. Excellent career 
development role which will be wen 

Ref: N Ml 822 

Management Personnel 

° RecruiimenTSetectonfi Search Consulianis 

2 Swallow Place, London W1R 7AA 
Telephone 01 408 1694 (omot hours oi 809 2783 ) 

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Treasury Section 
To £11,500 p.a. Covent Garden 

We’re out to dispel the myth that finance is dull and dry. 

We’d never be where we are if we were either. 

As it is, we’re one of Britain’s most successful and progressive 
finance houses, and we’re based in Covent Garden where there’s 
more good life per square yard than anywhere else in London. 

Our Treasury Section deals with the interesting field of 
borrowing money, either from the general public, the wholesale 
deposit market, the acceptance credit market or Barclay’s Bank 
itself, of which we’re a part 

Your task would be to reconcile, in detail, the transactions and 
maintain telephone contacts with major banks and financial 

It’s an absorbing job and it takes more than a modicum of skill 

That’s why we’re looking for accounts department experience 
which we’d prefer was in banking or finance. 

If you're interested, please give Rosemary Bramble a ring on 
01-242 1234, or write to her at: 

Mercantile Credit Company Limited , 

Elizabethan House, Great Queen Street, London WC2B 5DP. 

An Equal Opportunity Employer 

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Accountanty Personal Assistant 



Applications from employees of the 
GLC or M(X)swith.raietfant.e>qwidrx^ 
will be welcome 1 



| ttomuj—til awl yoiirwigtiBMiB 


nri- litfTi ' 

«0 1995 (24 tar •**»). 



We have an opening for 3 ambitious, career-minded individuals, aged 23+, In the exciting world of finance and 
tovestment Essentials are setf-motivation, application to hard work, and ability to absorb new ideas rapidly in 
wide-ranging fields, indudingTaxation, Investments, Insurance, Mortgage and Pensions. 

This is a highly rewarding opportunity with excellent promotion prospects due to our aggressive expansion 

programme over the next six months. 

hi toe first instance please telephone 240.5055 and speak to Fiona Price 

For further details or write with full CV to: 

Fiona Price 

F.P,S. (Management) Ltd., 

12-13 Henrietta Street, 

Covent Garden, London WC2E 8LH. 


Full or Part Time 
Surrey-Sussex border 
(and London) 


Our client has substantial interests 
including portfolios of securities, trusts 
and farming. He now requires a high 
calibre assistant with an interest in 
becoming involved with these activities. 

This is a unique opportunity to 
participate at the highest level in the 
management of investments, the 
administration of trusts and the financial 
matters relating to toe running of a large 

\bu wil ideally be a quafified accountant 
(or lawyer ), with an awareness of taxation. 
Personal attributes should Include a good 
education, integrity, flair and the ability to 
negotiate with important professional 

An attractive salary package will be 
offered, commensurate with this level of 
appointment Hours can be negotiated, 
although a minimum of 15- 20 hours a 
week are anticipated to provide the level of 
expertise and input required. 

' Initial^ please send comprehensive 
Ol. including names of any individual or 
organisation to whom your details should 
notbe forwarded and quoting reference 
MCS/6068to Alannah Hunt, 

Executive Selection Division 
Price Waterhouse 
Management Consultants 
Southwark Tbwers 
32 London Bridge Street 

Price Waterhouse 




A guide to 
career development 

The visual display unit, or VDU, has 
baome a common feature in the 
office. As the applications for their 
use expand, so do the number of 
people using them in the different 
work Situations - in secretarial and 
administrative work, accountancy, 
printing and design, to more technical 
jobs in engineering and industrial and 
scientific research. 

But the spread of VDUs has been 
matched by health fears associated 
with their use. The first scare started 
at the Sew York Times where two 
VDU operators, who had only 
recently started to operate them, 
developed cataracts. After examin- 
ation. an ophthalmologist suggested 
that ulua-violet or infra-red radiation 
from the screens was the cause. 

Measurement of these types of 
radiation has shown this was not the 
cause - there is more ultra-violet 
radiation reflected off the walls of a 
room lit by a strip light than emitted 
from a VDU screen. And if that room 
is centrally healed then the radiator 
emits more infra-red radiation than 
the screen. 

It seems the fears were un- 
founded. Indeed, comparisons made 
by the Post Office and British 
Telecom, among others, have shown 
there are no differences between the 

look at 

Erich Suter screens 
the facts on 
health and offers 
good advice to 
cope with problems 

eyesight oi' VDU workers and those 
in other jobs, 

All went quiet until 1980 when 
four employees who had worked for 
The Toronto Star produced children 
with birth defects. The blame was 
placed on X-ray emissions from 
VDUs. But science has proved that 
the amount of X-ray emitted from a 
screen is so small as not to be 
measurable for practical purposes. 

And there, perhaps, the matter 
should have rested. But the case 
caught the imagination of the Press 
and much discussion was focussed 
on the use of VDUs. 

Despite this, there has been no 
substantial or conclusive evidence of 
any danger to eyesigtu or pregnant 
women and their babies from the 
use of VDUs. 

In October 1985, the VDU 
Workers' Rights Campaign was 

launched to protect workers using 
VDUs, Among its demands fox 
legislation io protect workers it 
required “compulsory shielding ol 
all VDUs to eUminaie electro- mag- 
netic emissions'’. A school textbook 
on physics would immediately have 
explained to them that light itself is 
an electro- magnetic emission. 

Its views on the hzrmftii effects to 
pregnant women were put at a recent 
conference organized tv Humane 
Technology, on the alleged health 
hazards of work at VDUs. A speaker 
for the campaign said its members 
told workers that there was “lots ol 
evidence both ways’’. 

While it is virtually impossible to 
prove that there are no harmful 
effects, the weight of evidence is 
squarely against it. But there is 
evidence that worrying about such 
things, and the stress caused by this, 
has a harmful effect on pregnant 
women and can lead to miscarriage. 

The best advice to those worried 
about any possible effects is to see 
an occupational physician, who will 
have up-to-date information. If your 
GP cannot help directly, he or she 
may be able to suggest someone who 

The author is a leading labour law 
and industrial relations consultant 


Working women need a break 

By Michel Syrett 
Longer career breaks arc still needed 
by most career women with families. 

Vet the recruitment of women after 
long career breaks by employers for 
whom they have not already worked 
is unusually limited, except where 
their skills are in short supply. 

In addition, the provision of child 
care is not on employers' agendas in 
Britain. Almost without exception, 
this is assumed to be something 
female employees will sort oat for 

These are the HOOTS and location 

main findings of a . , 

new report Women. 21 ti big obstacles 
Career Breaks and 

Re-entry, published last month by- 
tee Institute of Manpower Studies. 
Written by Wendy Hirsh, Rosemary 
Hurt and John Atkinson, it stresses 
that there is a strong trade-off 
between the length of time a women 
spends away from employment and 
the degree of employment flexibility 

The more the job and home 
responsibilities can be dovetailed 
effectively, the less it is necessary for 
women to give up work altogether for 
several years. 

Employers may not wish to 

pressurise career women to remain 
in continuous employment if they 
desire several years’ of full-time 
child care. But most employers still 
effectively force women out of their 
employment by offering hours and 
locations of work which cannot be 
combined with some time spent in 
the care of young children. 

The report highlights the fact that 
lack of organized child care by 
employers plays a much more 
significant part in the loss of women 

from employment 

than they would like 
to believe. Pro- 
fessional and mana- 
gerial women are at 
least able to afford child care, but 
many still have trouble finding 
satisfactory arrangements. 

In most areas, the report says, 
state provision is negligible, and 
employers do not seem sympathetic 
to problems caused by arrangements 
which fail, or child sickness or 
school holidays. 

• Copies of the report price £10. 
are available from the Institute of 
Manpower Studies. Mantell Build- 
ing. University of Sussex, Fainter. 
Brighton BN 1 9RF. Brighton: (0273) 

Manpower help for 
jobless executives 

B Executives who have been 
unemployed for a year or longer will 
be helped to make the transition back 
io work, or to further training or 
education, through Ways to Work, a 
one-year experimental project starling 
this month in Brixton. South London, 
writes Sally fiat is. 

It is designed to re-motivate 
participants, most of whom are 
expected to be over 45. by 
encouraging them to assess their 
careers, choices, needs and 
expectations and then use their skills 
and abilities in structured activities. 
W'ays to W ork is in the Manpower 
Services Commission's new. and little 
publicized, enhanced development 
plans for long-term unemployed, part 
of the Voluntary Projects Programme. 

81 New Horizons factsbeet: 

Tne Manpower Services 
Commission’s fMSCl new adult 
training strategy is designed both to 
help individuals at all levels to 
acquire or update technical, 
managerial and job skills. Career 
Horizons has prepared a factsheet on 
MSC projects for employers, staff 
self-employed, returners and 
unemployed. Send a large sae to 
Career Horizons. Special Reports, 

The Times. 200 Gray’s Ir.n Road, 
London WC IX SEZ. 


seek your 

The financial services revolution is here. 
Powerful conglomerates are 

aggressive r _ _ 

sources. The traditional harriers arecnunlMig,and 
tough decisions must be faced as technology forees the • 
paceof change. . j\ * 

High quality, impartial advice is a vital commodity in such 
fast moving markets. As a member of our successful 
Financial Management Group, "your ability to provide it • 

would soon be tested. 

You’ll work with senior management in all types of 
financial institutions on a widi variety of assignments. 
One month you may be advisihgOQ dealing risks. 

or treasury. 

This is an opportunity to develop your techhicaliid . 
. managemenrskiiis whilst relishing the autonomy that 
you'll be given. We need’grariuate Accountants^ged 
25-32, with experience of financial institutioos,^dMd' 
in a major accountancy firm or in the fmandal services 
sector, who are ready to face tomorrow’s challenges 
today Your personal sMIsJ enthusiasm and intellect must 
be outstanding. j 

We offer a starting salary of ^0-30,000'plus a car and 
other benefits, tailored training, and promotion based 
solely on merit / 

If you’re excited by the latest developments in the 
financial sendees sector and meet ouf criteria, why not 
send your cv. (including a daytime telephone number) 
to Martin Mantling, quotingreference 1520/Ton both 
envelope and letter 



_ Management Consultancy Division 

P.O. Box 138, Hifigate House, 26 Old Bailey, London EC4M 7PL 

Vi? arc now looking for 
highly motivated Accountants 
who want 198b to be the most 
challenging year of their careers. 

Waiting’on our sophisticated 
database are vacancies ulJ over the 
country. And if you want to name your ideal 
position, our experienced advisers will even make 
discreet approaches on your behalf. 

Joining Lansduwne Appointments Register 
is FR£E and is as simple as filling in this coupon or 
calling us. Then we will send you one of our highly 
developed profile forms, which will enable us to 
accurately pinpoint the career move you seek. 

Over the last U years, we have helped 
literally thousands of people to further their 
careers. In fart, weve been so successful at finding 
the right jobs and the right people that many 
companies talk to us before they even bniher to 
advertise vacancies - many never do! 

let us use our successful methods to nuke 
vuursan even more successful career. 


.Newly Qualified 

Management Accountants. 
Financial Accountants. 
Cost Accountants. 

Project Accountant. 
Divisional Accountant. 
Financial .Analysts. 

Chief Accountants. 

20 USES. 21 HOC* .WSTt ER1NG 
son KX CALL l S SO W OS: 


hi Stuart Tail, 
it latudowne Appointments Register, i 

l! Park House. 207-211 The Vale. I 


Pk-.iv vend me a LartstL ■•Are I 

AppimtiiK-ntii Bcvisicr mb tirvLL-v.j • 


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Appointments Register I 

1 1 -l 0 * 1 * * ,,r P ro *r»** n n«*» : Profminr-iN fw i"S*. j 


Our client, one of the world's largest insurance brokers, has an international network with interests in over 40 countries, 
including the USA. the and Europe. It is committed to further improving the centralised services provided to operating units 
and seeks outstanding individuals to compliment its audit team. 

Audit Manager 

C £25,000+ car 

Reporting to the Director of Audit UK/Europc, key 
responsibilities will include planning and managing audit 
involvement systems development reviews and special 

Candidates, perhaps aged around 30, will be qualified 
accountants, ACA or ACCA, with practical knowledge of the 
insurance industry’ gained in a laige professional environment 

From £20,000+ car 

This challenging rote offers considerable autonomy for 
running computer audit, covering existing systems and major 
new developments, and interacting with key business areas. 

Candidates, probably aged under 30, will be qualified 
accountants with at least 2 years computer audit experience, 
preferably gained in the financial services sector 

Both positions will involve agnificam exposure to senior management and 
strong inter-personal skills are vitaL They will offer considerable opportunity 
for subsequent transfer to line rotes. Although City based, there will be a 
certain amount of foreign travel. 

Please reply to ifcutin .Manning in stria confidence, enclosing fail personal 
career details, quoting reference 1539/A for the Audit .Manager position, or 
1539/C for the Computer Audit position, on both env elope and letter 


Management Consultancy Division 



Wall, at not m Coo'c and Ti/lreless . tiro /•■crld leader .n ,nterra::cna! te'econvn jr:c.;tcn 5 qpsrav.-g 


Dub to mtsmai promotion zr.i mersasng ComEwrry cemsnijs ttisre arc r.e-ri epemnes /jiti-jn oir'.-sm, 
‘unction for dudt'. professionals willing to undertake e tensive T^er-sses \rs, 2: to cur nta-r; :_s.- 

locations. These are e.-cei!er.t opportunities togam rapidly a dreed r niwvtedge ci th.p success? j- Z: m; 
and cou'd lead so sign.f.c ;r.r career prospects within the mainstream finance functions. 




As a qualified accounta-v :c ur 9: pensnee will 
include a spe-'l with a napr audit firm followed by a 
number 0? years in Internal A jd t m an international 
ccrr.r.erda! environment Tnc preferred renne is 
earlv thirties and we are etterng a salary ai c. T2O.B0D 
plus large Company Snehts when include a car. BUPA 
and eve rs eas crave! aHwanoes Relocation as s-stanca 
vviS be given where appropriate, fief : 531 / T. 


Ift't-. one year's Mii o'jafrFcstiCn exserer.q® ■: 
maicr professional audit t.m you w:ii be sred £5-; 
3nd eager r'nr a career m a ccmmenr'-ai e 1- ;:-cr.~s 
We are ofJenng a se 1 ?..-, or - Z ‘ 7 GOG tr t esscc-J 
large Company berer.ts including rvqr 5 ==: s tr.s.ei 
aHov/ances. Peiacat-cn assistance '■ zz rver. .v 

For both these positions, the successful candidates will be highly competent, sdi -m ctivaiec peoc 2 ec> tr 
accept considerable autonomy and responsipihty and who can demonstrate geed interpcnscnai =r 

We currently have a number of vacancies within Gy 
firms fa: the foSowg posts> 

a) Investment Analyst 
Salary £11,000 upwards 

A large Gty stockbroker seeks someone, with a 
minimum of 2 years’ broking experience. This would 
suit someone with aspirations towards Fund 

b) Institutional Broker 

Salary negotiable 

A metfum -sted Gty firm is currently seeking young 
experienced brokers of graduate calibre. The job wul 
involve working doseiy with a Senior partner. 

c) Fund Manager 
Salary negotiable 

A mediurn-settd Gty firm requires someone with 
Equities/Fixed Interest experience wd well developed 
efiott liaison skSs. 

In the first Instance, ca2 ChrbthwKou^cr. 91-481 
3138 in complete confidence. 






Show off your statistics and 
programming skflb to their best 
advantage in a taitor-madefaundal 
career at Abbey National and utSse 
the latest computerised statistical 
modelling facilities. 

Your main afm wW be to assist smior 
level satisodans in the Budgets 
Control D^jartrooK. Thk will inyolve 
assisting in statistical artalysjs. 
developing and maintaining supporting 
software and producing statistical/ 
financial reports for management. 

We provide on-the-job training on the- 



H00 ConversationalTime Sharing 
system, MAPPER On-line Database 
system and Spetrylink word processing 
package and study for professional 
qualifications is encouraged. 

You vyffi have a degree in a statistics- 
related subject and experience of 
programming Tn FORTRAN is 
essentiaL A good understanding of 
^tatistka] techrequessudi as 
' Regression, Correlation and Time 
5eries Analysis is necessary and 
knowjedgp of applied econometric 

techniques a distinct advantage. 
Prospects are excellent in our rapidfy- 
axpanding financial departments and 
- w proyidean excellent range of 
benefits 1 

ABBEy ' 



deeds to Mr W Whkehead, 
Abbey National Bu3<fing Society. 
Abbey House, Baker Street. 
London NW1 6XL 


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RO. Box 198,HillgateHou!ie, 26 OWBaitey; London EC4M7PL - 


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