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No62,347 


TIMES 


FRIDAY JANUARY 171986 


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Tomorrow 


Swanmngit ■"; 

How-tajosnihe 
Cliveden set for 
bedand breakfast • : 
Historians atwar 
Fifty years on, the 
Spanish Givil War is 
abattiefield ’ 

Adeb’s life 
Emma Tennant on ' 
overcoming 
one’s ancestry / 

Five Nations 
Preview of the \ 
weekend’s rugby_ 
internationals 




The Times Portfolio compe- 
tition-prize of £2,000 mo won 
yesterday by Mr R. Adams of 
Newcastie-upon-Tyne. Port- 
folio fist; page 20; bow. to play, 
IaformatioaService, back, page 
T omor row £22,000 icao be 
one - £20,000 In tbe weekly 
competition and £2,000 in tbe 
daily . ' -s. . . . ... 


Hospital is 
blamed 


By PhiBp Webster, Political Reporter 
/Frantic negotiations were foe Prime Minister and other 
continuing between the British - senior ministers are keen. 

■™' French governments last The expectation among MPs 
night nr. an attempt to reach Jsthat a scheme along the lines 
agreement on the Chann el fixed of the Channel Tunnel group’s 
fink before Monday's deadline will in the end be agreed, but 
for ^announcement. ■ with the crndal provision for a 

Mr Nicholas - Ridley, the road to be builtat some later 
Secretary of State for Transport, date. ■ 

flew to Paris after' yesterday’s .The difficulty in the nego- 

Tueeling of the Cabinet for yet tistions has been caused, amoni 
another round of talks with his other- things, by the refusal o 
opposite number. M Jean the .rival groups to contpEroinise 
Aimnix. • or fo talk to each other about a 

rfe was panning; to stay joint scheme, 
overnight, and to hold further ! On Wednesday, a suggestion 
talks today, as' British sources by the Euroroute consortium 
disclosed that -three of the . leader. Sir Nigel Broakes, that 
original four link schemes were 1 his group should join forces ata 
still undM-conskteration. late stage with the Channel 

Mr Ridley was understood to Tunnel group met with a firm 


over deaths 


The Stanley Royd psychiatric 
hospital' Wakefield, where 19 
elderly- patients rdfed- daring an 
outbreak of food poisoning in 
1 984, is expected to come in for 
devastating criticism in - the 
report of a public inquiry to be 
published next week : Page-3 


be ready to go on negotiating refusal by the CTG: 
right up to . Sunday night if Yesterday in Paris the French 
neceswiy. * chairman of foe Euroroute 

if the two sides foil to reach consortium, M Jacques 
agreement a row seems likely to Mayoux, again proposed the 
break between the -two govern- participation of the CTG in the 
meats, with 'the possibility of construction of the rail tunnel 
Monday's summit m Lille, in pan. of his project “I am not 
north ern France, hftween Mrs envisaging a fundamental 
Margaret Thatcher, _ and Presi- change in Euroroute but we are 
dent . Mitterand ending in ready to share .the weak’’,, he 
recriminations, or perhaps not «»«i 

even going ahead atalL . The only certainty .yesterday. 

Although British Govern- available fr o m sources, on. bolt 


Farrakhan bar 


Mr Louis Farrakhan,. the US 
black activist known for anti- 
Semitic statements, was barred 
by the Home - Secretary from] 
entering Britain to .address] 
London blacks. 


ment sources were voicing' 
guarded confidence last night 
that a deaf would be struck in 
time, H was freely-accepted that 
the likelihood of an impasse 
could not be ruled put. 

The Gririne! yesterday con- 
firmed its. instructions to Mr 
Ridley to negotiate a scheme 


both 

rides of the Channel was that 
fourth scheme,, the Eurobridge, 
an enclosed road suspension 
bridge with five-kilometre spans 
and a rail tunnel, has been ruled 

OUL 

Representatives of all three 
consortia are in Paris to take 
pait* in' the negotiations. Mr 


me parr m the negotiations. Mr 
which assures value to the James Sherwood, the Express- 


Attache goes 


France ordered South. Africa's 
military attache to leave. the 
country and will not aBpw hjm 
lobe replaced . - 

Lesotho riddle,- page 5 

-if.*-' 


The - Government way chairman, has responded to 
be Satisfied of its criticism that his scheme larked 
French sponsors by seeking in 
tbe last few days to involve 
more French companies in the 
project. 

Drive-through tnnnd: In ■* 
last-minute attempt to streng- 
-is then • -hit group’s bid for the 
. to . Channel-'. link. _Sir -Nicholasi- 


consumer. 
must also 
financial viability'. 

Because it is .the most 
expensive,, and... is therefore 
considered - to present the 
greatest risk, the. Huroroute 
scheme for'a road/bridge- tunnel 

Vanri n 

.tS.be 


US welcomes 
nuclear offer 


Reagan has wel- 
comed Mr Gorbachov's three- 
stage plan to eliminate unclear 
ueapous, promising to discuss 
it thoronghly with Ids Nato 
allies. In Geneva, . American 
and Russian delegates began 
their fourth round of .talks bn 
strategic, medium-range and 
space weapons Page 6 


Riot reserves 


■fulfil IhartoL k ' ' -'VI ' - i: Henderson, ~ chairman of the 

BbZ it Is ft vo died by the Channel Tunnel' group, wrote to 
French, . according. ’■ to British Mrs Tbaicher yesterday offering 
sources. The F rtnch, however; • to add a drive-through tunnel to 
do. not Eke the Channel COT’S proposed twin-rail shut- 
Ex pressway ’s plain for a road- tie. . tu n n e ls. But that would 
-solution, which appears to- de pend on new techni ques 

be the Government’s fevourite. • emerging to make a drive- 
The third option is the tonnel feasible which at 

Channel Tunnel Group’s pro-, present- -it was not 
posal for a rad tunnel with a. The rival Channel Express- 
vehicle shuttle. As it stands h_ way’s proposed drive-through 
does not commend itself to the. tunnels were heavily under- 
I ' Government because of the lack costed, and under-ventilated, 
of a road option, upon which Sir Nicholas said. 


safety 




Police officers equipped with 
CS gas and plastic bullets were I 
waiting in reserve near Totten- j 
ham nearly. five hours before 
the Broadwater Farm riot Page3 


Maze escapers held 
in Dutch swoop 











From Richard Ford, Belfast 

Three leading members of the and' £1,000 in cash. The arms. 
Provisional IRA, including two along with. bomb-making equip- 
who escaped' from the Maze -ment, were found in a cargo 
prison, , were in custody- in the container. 

Netherlands- last night after Tire haul . included 14 Bel- 
being arrested - oh an arms pan -made semi-automatic rif- 
buying mission in Amsterdam. Jes, a Russian Kalashnikov rifle, 
A cache of guns and ammu- three Belgian FN automatic 
ration was also discovered in a pistols, two hand grenades, 75 
container. ‘ • ■ rounds of ammunition and four 

This morning the men will dr ums of nitro benzine used in 
appear in court at the start of bomb making, 
proceedings for tfaeir extradition Amsterdam police said: “We 
to Northern Ireland. ' had information from our own 


Budget date 


Mr Nigel Lawson. Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, will make his 
budget statement on March 18. 


Two of the mem captured are 
the top "Provisional IRA terror- 
ist. Brendan McFariane, who 
masterminded the mass jail 
-break from tbe Maze' in 1983, 
and a fellow escaper, Gerard 
.Kelly. 

Security, sources believe the 
men were on a mission, to 


intelligence department and 
from the police m England that 
at least three men from Ireland 
were in the apartment”. 
Throughout hours of question- 
the police the men 
to say anything. - 

McFariane, aged 33, from tbe 
Ardoynearea of north Belfast, is 


Wellcome value 


Two key executives have left 
Wellcome, the pharmaceutical 
research company, which is 
likely to be valued at £12 
billion when it comes to the 
stock market this month 

P*ge21 


replenish the depleted stocks of a hardened Provisional IRA 
weapons so that the Provisional ' . terrorist. He led the escape of 38 
IRA can increase its terrorist republican prisoners from the 
campaign against the security* Maze, where he was officer 
■' ’ * ' commanding of the Provisional 

IRA prisoners during the 1981 


I forces in Northern Ireland. 
Twenty Dutch _ police 


Pupal crusade 


The Pope has rafted on. the 
Roman Catholic Church in 
Europe to join other churches in 
a programme to halt the 
progress of a theism PageI4 


swooped at dawn on a flat in the 
south of Amsterdam having 
kept the building under surveil- 
lance ' for 24 .hours after 
receiving intelligence reports 
from Britain' on the men’s 
activities.. 

Inside the fiat they uncovered 
a 9mm pistol false passports 


hunger strike. 

He was jailed for lift in 1976 
for ~ one of foe wont terrorist 
attacks during the troubles in 
which bombs ' were planted in a 
bar on foe Protestant- Shankhn 
Road and. as customers fled, 
they were fired upon. Two died 

Contznoed ofi hack page, col 8 


By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Safety standards stall rag by 
muon, cricket, and football 
grounds, - holding more - than 
10,000 spectators are to be 
tightened argentiy after foe 
acceptance by the Government 
last night of the main rec- 
ommendations of . the Popple- 
well inquiry into crowd safety, 

- .Twenty rngby grounds, eight 
cricket grounds, inducting the 
six Test match venues, 18 non- 
leagne football grounds and 25 
grounds hi Scotland are to be 
designated by the summer 
under foe Safety of Sports 
Groand Act, Mr Douglas 
Hard, tbe Home Secretary, 
annbanced in foe Commons. 

In addition tbe Government 
has accepted the principle of 
the inquiry's recommendations 
that safety controls should be 
extended to all outdoor grounds 
with stands bolding more than 
500 spectators and to indoor 
facilities holding more than 500 
spectators. 

Mr Hurd said that as a 
general principle people offer- 
ing public -, entertainment or 
sport should do so in conditions 
of safety. 

It is unlikely; however, to 
take die route proposed by foe 
judge, • of designating the 
premises under the Fire Pre- 
cautions Act and requiring 
them to have fire certificates. 

The Act is already being 
reviewed by tbe Government, 
which may therefore instead 
fulfil tbe mqmry's objectives by 
other legislative means, Mr 
Hurd made dear. 

In the m^anfinn* he is 
ordering fire authorities to 
inspect all such stands and 
premises not previously visited 
and to deal immediately with 
any hazards found. As with 
football it is unlikely that there 
win be any government finance 
to help with improvements. 

’ The judge, who was 
appointed after the Bradford 
(lire disaster and took account 
of the lessons of the European 
Cup- final tragedy in Brussels, 
ntqde 15 recommendations to 
improve safety and controL 
f Mr*- Hard accepted his 
proposal that foe ban on 
alcohol in executive boxes at 
football grounds should be 
reviewed after complaints from 
nlaay dubs and the football 
authorities about a Mg loss of 
income. If be deddes on a 
relaxation it Is likely to be -done 
through an amendment to the 
Pnbfic Order Bill now going 
through Parliament. 

Mr Hurd gave a cautions 
response to the judge's call for 
police to be given the unfettered 
tight of search before entry to 
football grounds, and - tbe 
creation of a new offence of 
disorderly conduct at a sports 


But he made dear that be 
hoped a new offence in the 
Public Order Bill of conduct 
intended to stir up racial hatred 
could be used against racialist' 
chanting _ 

-- Counting the cost, page 3 
Leading article, page 13 


European hopes 
high despite 

Hanson stake 


By Patience Wheatcroft 


The European consortium 
bidding to rescue Westland is 
confident it has sufficient 
shareholders support to defeat 
the board at today’s meeting in 
foe Royal Albert Haft. Despite 
the emergence yesterday of 
Hanson Trust as foe holder of 
15 per cent share stake in 
Westland, foe European consor- 
tium still claims that it Iras 
more than foe 25 per cent 
necessary to block Westland's 
planned link with Sikorsky-FiaL 
The doors of the Royal Albert 
Hall will open at 8.30 this 
morning and thousands of 
shareholders from all over foe 
country are expected to pour in 
before foe 1 0.30 start 
Westland's chairman. Sir 
John Cuckney, is likely to come 
under intense pressure from 
some shareholders to tell foe 
meeting about both reconstruc- 
tion proposals before tbe com- 
pany - the Sikorsky-Fiat deal 
and the European consortium 
plans which were encouraged by 
Mr Michael Heselline, who 
resigned as Secretary of State for 
Defence last week But Sir John 
is adamant that he will ask 
shareholders to vote only on foe 
Sikorsky proposals. 

He is confident that even if 
he fails to get the 75 per cent 
vote necessary to push these 


through, such a large majority 
fa' 


Lord -Hanson: tin committed, but “very best wishes” to the 
Westland chairman 


MPs’ inquiry likely 
into Westland affairs 


By Richard Evans,LobbyReporter 

blooded Commons of the board of directors of 
British Aerospace, is willing to 
provide whatever help he can to 
any parliamentary committee”. 

The Commons defence select 
committee is already investigat- 
ing the defence implications 
future of 


A. fell 

inquiry into foe conflicting 
versions of events surrounding 
the Wcsiland saga is almost 
certain to start within weeks. 

The all-parly trade and 
industry , select committee, 
chaired by Mr Kenneth Warren. . surrounding • the 
Conservative MP for Hastings Westland. 


of shareholders will be in favour 
of the deal that agreeing some 
other form of link with Sikorsky 
should not be difficult. 

Last night both foer pro and 
anti-Sikorsky factions were 
trying to persuade the few 
wavering shareholders to vote 
with them. There were even 
some hopes foal Mr Alan 
Bristow, who holds 1 5 per cent 
of the shares, might be dis- 
suaded from supporting the 
consortium. 

The meeting sees certain to 
go on for most of the day. 
Counting the votes is likely to. 
take at least three hours, and if 
foe ballot is sufficiently close for 
a recount to be demanded, it 
could be tomorrow morning 
before the future of Westland is 
finally decided. 

Yesterday’s revelation that 
Hanson Trust was the mystery 
buyer of a 1 5 per cent holding in 


Westland came as another 
shock in what has been a string 
of extraordinary twists. It is 
almost certain that Hanson will 
support foe board today. 

Hanson’s stake was built up 
anonymously on Monday and 
Tuesday at prices well above 
those being- quoted in foe stock 
market: It is believed that the 
holding has cost a total of 
-around £10.7 million, although 
it is cuiTenylly worth only £8.4 
million. 

The motives of Hanson's 
chairman. Lord Hanson, were 
foe subject of intense specu- 
lation yesterday. The official 
explanation was simply that it 
was an investment, spurred by 
Hanson's existing involvement 
in foe helicopter business. Air 
Hanson is the biggest user of 
Westland's Battersea heliport 
and uses Sikorsky . helicopters. 
But political motives were also 
being attributed to Lord Hason, 
a vehement supporter of Mrs 
Thatcher. He is involved in a 
fiercely contested £1.8 billion 
takeover bid for Imperial 
Group, the Courage brewing 
and Players tobacco company. 

Yesterday Lord Hanson 
wrote to Sir John to inform bim 
of his bolding and signed off, 
“With very best wishes for your 
endeavours” 

The Westland board said it 
was delighted to learn the 
identity of its new shareholder. 
Mr Michael Baughan, of Wcsi- 
land's merchant bank advisers, 
Lazards. said that he hoped the 
support of such a figure as Lord 
Hanson might encourage other 
shareholders to vote for the 
Sikorsky deal. He has not given 
up hope that some voles 
pledged to foe European consor- 
tium may change sides, or even 
abstain, and prevent the consor- 
tium getting the 25 per cent it 
needs to block the deal. 

If the Westland board fails to 
win sufficient support for its 
reconstruction proposals today. 
Sir John has contingency plans 
which are believed to require 
the approval of only half 
Westland shareholders. 


and Rye. is expected to agree 
next Wednesday to a detailed 
investigation. It will take 
evidence from all the key 
political, industrial and Civil 
Service figures. 

One of the key areas that the 
four Labour and six Conserva- 
tive MPs will concentrate on 
will be the contentious meeting 
between Mr Leon Brillan. 
Sccetary of Stale for Trade and 
Industry, and Sir Raymond 
Lygo. chief executive of British 
Aerospace, on December 8. 
Both men will be asked to 
appear at foe inquiry. 

The select committee, which 
has wide ranging powers to call 
for “persons and papers”, will 
attempt to ajudicate between 
Mr Brillan's version of the 
meeting and that of Sir Ray- 
mond. 

A statement issued by British 
Aerospace last night said Sir 
Raymond “with the full support 


Hanson profile, page 2 
Kenneth Fleet, page 21 
Imperial bid, page 21 


Mr John Mogg, private 
secretary to Mr Bnltan at the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, who drew up White- 
hall's official record of the 
meeting, will almost certainly 
be summoned to appear before 
the trade and industry select 
com mince. 

Other likely witnesses include 
Mr Michael Heselline, foe 
former Secretary of State for 
Defence, Sir John Cuckney, 
chairman of Westland, Mr 
Geoffrey Pattic. Minister of 
Information Technology, who 
witnessed foe Brittan-Lygo 
meeting, and senior DTI 
officials. 

The investigation is unlikely 
to get underway until the 
financial reconstruction of 
Westland is concluded. 

Mr John Smith. Labour's 
chief trade and industry spokes- 


Heseltine storms out 


of TV news studio 


By Stephen Goodwin 


Continued on back page, col 8 


Mr Michael Heseltine last 
night strode out of an ITN 
television studio after hearing 
that foe former civil servant Mr 
Clive Ponting. was to take part 
in foe same Channel Four news 
broadcast. 

He was clearly not prepared 
to share a programme with the 
assistant secretary who had 
been taken to court for leaking 
documents from the Ministry of 
Defence when Mr Heseltine was 
Secretary of State. 

Mr Peter Sissons, foe news- 
reader. called “Just hold on a 
minute Mr Heseltine!” but they 
had to announce his guest’s 
departure. However, Mr Hesel- 
tine later returned to the studio 


to debate foe merits of foe rival 
bids for a stake in Westland’s 
with the company's vice-chair- 
man, Sir John Treacher. 


• In a statement last night Mr 
Heseltine said he left the studio 
after hearing that Mr Ponting 
would appear to discuss “how 
civil servants think inside foe 
minister's office. I would not 
have agreed to appear on foe 
programme on such a basis. I 
left foe programme but when I 
was told that Mr Pouting 
wouldn’t appear 1 returned to 
foe programme.” 

Channel 4 said foe pre-re- 
corded interview with Mr 
Ponting would be held over. 


Gomba group loses action 
against JMB over debts 


Mr Abdul Sharaji and his trading, to. pay foe substantial 
Gomba group of companies lost costs of foe hearing 
their High Court action y ester- The judge said that by 

day against Johnson Matthey September last year Mr Shamji 
bankers over the rescued bank's and his companies owed JMB 
decision to send receivers into about £21 million, with a 


Gomba. 


JMB succeeded in its separate 
actions against Mr Shamji and 
the Jersey-based Arya Holdings, 
and was awarded £5,140,548 


against Mr Shamji and £1 1,831, 


and $852,094 against Arya 
Holdings. 


In a reserved judgement of 76 
pages, Mr Justice Hoffmann 
rejected Mr Shamji 's claim that 
foe receivership on his .com- 
panies instigated by the new 
management of JMB last 
October should be ended. 

The judge ordered Mr Sharn- 
ji, who fled to Britain from 
Uganda in 1972 and built up his 
business empire with intersts in 
theatre management, invest- 
ments, ' safe deposit centres. 


hotels, and general finance and 


personal guarantee from Mr 
Shamji of £5 million. Accrued 
interest more than doubled the 
debt. 

Mr Shamji offered £14.6 
million in settlement, with a 
personal promissory note for £2 
million. At the time he was 
negotiating a • deal with foe 
Lonhro Group, which later fell 
through. 

JMB agreed to accept foe 
settlement offer in September. 
But because foe money was not 
paid within a lime limit, the 
bank pressed ahead with its 
claim for foe full amount and 
put in receivers. 

Mr Shamji . claimed the 
bank's action was a breach of 
foe agreement, and that he 
should have been allowed more 

Continued on back page, col 7 


Gold jumps to 
highest price 
in 18 months 


Gold rose in hectic trading 
yesterday to its highest price for 
almost 18. months, sparking 
speculation in foe market that a 
new gold boom is under way 
‘ (Michael Prest writes). 


. It closed in London at $362 
(£251) an ounce, a rise of $16 
oyer foe day.- At one point gold 
touched $380. One ounce 
Kruggerand coins went up by 
£11 to £252. 


One very senior gold dealer 
said: “I’ve never seen a day like 
this before.” Business was 
frantic as foe price swung from 
$350 when foe market opened 
to its peak, and then declined. 
Traders said that the spread 
between buying and selling 
prices was as much as $5. 


Silver ended foe day lU6p 
higher at 432p an ounce. 
Platinm also rose. 


Money markets, page 22 


Weary McEnroe takes time 


By Richard Evans 



Harwell is tbe UK Atomic 
Energy Authority** latest re- 
search laboratory. A four-page 
Special Report marks the 40th 
anniversary of its opening 

Pages 1 6-19 


HoneNrn 2-4 

$■7 

, - *4 

Arts 15 

BbsImss 20-25 
Cost ... 14 
CrawrartblfcSZ 
ffisy - 12 

Ftotem M2 

Lofegjoticfc* 
■ad Unto 13 


Otitony 

Pstisnait 


29 

14 

4 

14 

141 

141! 


Soleifeara 
Sdeoce 
S iS iqW 32 
Sport - 26*28: 
TV A Sadie 33 
Theatres, cto .31 
Wortfacr 32 


* ☆ ☆ * 


John McEnroe wants to take 
two to three- months complete 
rest from tenuis. This was Ms 
imiMgdkta and emotional reac- 
tion yesterday to the semiring 
5-7, 6-4, 6-1 defeat he suffered 
at the hands of Brad Gilbert in 
the first round of tile Nabisco 
Masters at^ Madison Square 
Garden.. . . • 

McEnroe felled to am a 
single Grand Sam event last 
year, during which his relation- 
ship with tiie actress Tatum 
O'Neal, and her pregnancy, 
hare appeared to dom inate his 

thpnghte. . 

. *T need to stop fer a while 
because if I go an tosfngto the 
Gilberts of this world ru want 
to stop for good”, . McEnroe 
miiji; “Trejost got somsch else 
ori my mind right now there*? 


no way I can do justice to my 
tennis. Fm jast not fit. Half the 
time Tatum feds sick, I feel 
sick, too. Ha not joking. They 
say there is snch a thing g& 
sympathetic pain don't they?” 

McEnroe knew he .. had 
damaged Iris own chances of 
winning agains t Gilbert. .**1 
went out there saying to myself: 
*Now lefs jnst play tennis and 
get on with it.’ And what 
happens? The some old thing. I 
Mow up at people in the stand; 
t yen at. a linesman — the 
umpire could have de fii alted 
me. I must be oozy.” 

McEnroe's ability to main-. 
win hk commitment to - te n ni s 
began to be called into question 
in the totter half of 1985, as hi s 
invotvement with actress 
Tatum O’Neal blossomed. 


Following his shock defeat at 
Wimbledon he lost his US- 
Open titie to Ivan Lendl and 
suffered another damaging 
blow to his reputation by losing 
to Slobodan Zfeojinovie in tbe 
quarter-final of the Australian 
Open, where he was involved in 
a highly publicized altercation 
wifo .a photographer in a hotel 
lobby. 


Rumours of a McEnroe 
marriage in February are rife in 
the to"""* wosU bat they are 
mutely to be faUflled so soon. 
The baby may come first 
Certainly it wifl come before 
the former Wimbledon cham- 
pion rededficates him se l f to his 
briflfent bat IB-starred 


Masters report, page 27 


Hailsham seeks more 


spring to Woolsack 


Lord Hailsham, 

Chancellor, indicated yesterday 
that be is finding 'life in the 
House of Lords a little un- 
comfortable. The problem is the 
Woolsack. It has, be told peers 
yesterday, two very large 
grooves in it 

As he rose from tbe Woolsack 
yesterday to reply to a question 
about his red seat; he declared, 
amid laughter, distinct interest 
in explaining reports that the 
contents of the Woolsack need 
renewaL Apparently they do. 
The contents of the Woolsack 
were replenished fully in 1972 
and had been regularly main- 
tained since. The present 
Woolsack has within it wools 
from Commonwealth countries 
Lord Campbell of Cray 


By Alan Wood 

the Lord thought that newspaper stories 
on tbe subject flowed from a 
deepseated conviction that the 
House of Lords has a long 
future before it. 


Lord Hailsham naturally 
agreed but observed that his 
understanding of the matter was 
rather curious. When his father 
occupied foe Woolsack, wise 
Victorian ancestors had stuffed 
it with horse hair. 


It was discovered that that 
was inappropriate, so the 
present arrangement for filling 
the Woolsack with wool was 
reached. “Unfortunately’’, Lord 
Hailsham commented, “they 
did not understand that wool, 
when sat on repeatedly, be- 
comes felt 


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HOME NEWS. 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 




anger at 
manoeuvre to block 


UK car exports to Spain 


By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 


A "blockade" of new British 
cars entering Spain since the 
start of the new year threatened 
to blow up into a diplomatic 
dispute Iasi night when it was 
learned that the action follows 
behind-the-scenes manoeuvring 
by Italian officials at EEC 
headquarters m Brussels. 

They intervened 


m nego- 
tiations between the EEC 
Commission and the new 
member. Spain, called to set 
1 quotas for car imports to 
ihai country. It was reported 
last night thai the Italians raised 
strong objections 10 an increase 
in the British quota. 

A decision cxpeclcd last 
month has been delayed to 
consider the Italian case. In the 
absence of quotas for this year. 
Spanish customs authorities arc 
refusing to release 1.300 Austin 
Rover cars stockpiled on the 
dockside at ihc part of Parajes 
near Bilbao. 

Furious Austin Rover execu- 
tives have complained daily to 
Brussels and Madrid that their 
Spanish dealers arc without cars 
'/.liilc Spanish-made Fiestas. 
Novas and SEATs arc pouring 


into Britain at the rate ol l-.UOQ 
a month. 

Relations between the Span- 
ish and Italian motor industries 
have been strained sinee l°S0. 
when Fiat pulled out of a long- 
standing partnership with 
SEAT, the only Spanish-owned 
car maker. The break followed a 
request for additional Italian 
finance. 

SEAT was dependent upon 


at reduced tarifT levels. This 
year, it has request that its 
quota be lifted to 7.500. 

Yesterday the Spanish auih- 
orities. "in a gesture of good 
will", released 300 cars, but Mr 
Peter Johnson, in charge of 
European expons for Austin 
Rover, said: “That will not even 
meet the backlog of orders.” 

He has had to caned a further 
shipment scheduled to sail on 


the production of Fiat designs Tuesday and withdraw a Span- 
under licence and came close to i$h television campaign, incur 


collapse. Since then, the former 
partners have conducted a bitter 
feud, with Fiat pulling the 

strings for diplomatic pressure 
un the Spanish lo force them to 
case restrictions on imports 
from Italian factories. 

While Fiat's fortunes in Spain 
coniinuc to wane. Austin Rover 
has been making steady pro- 
gress. Last year it was the 
leading importer. 

Spain joined the EEC On 
January I. A condition of 
membership was that it should 
progressively till a 30 per cent 
tariff barrier which effectively 
barred foreign cars. 

Last year Austin Rover was 
permitted to import 4,500 cars 


ring a substantial penalty 
payment. The Department of 
Trade and Industrv was ‘'opti- 
mistic” last night 'that a new 
quota would be announced 
shortly. 

The Italians seem lo have 
carried the day. however. It is 
understood that Austin Rover's 
quota win only be increased by 
500 cars and not the 2.000 
requested. If that proves to be 
the case. Midland MPs, led by 
the Conservative Mr Roger 
King, whose Northfield con- 
stituency includes the big 
Longbridge car planL will press 
for British government inter- 
vention. 

Motoring, page 29 


Acas draws 
up teachers’ 
peace plan 


The conciliation service 
Acas. is drawing up a peace 
formula for the 11-month 
teachers' pay dispute, which is 
understood to entail settling this 
•car's pay claim and creating a 
framework for solving the long- 
term problems of teachers' pay 
structure and conditions of 
service. 

The plan, to be outlined to 
teachers' unions and their 
employers at talks on Tuesday, 
s being boycotted by the biggest 
cachcrs* union, the National 
Jnion of Teachers. The union 
vTote yesterday to Sir Pat 
Lowry, chairman of Acas. to say 
it would not take part in next 
week's talks. 

That means there is less 
chance of the peace plan being 
successful because the em- 
ployers would find it more 
difficult to accept a solution 
which, did not involve the 
NUT. 


Sale of airports 
Bill published 


By Michael Bailv and Stephen Goodwin 


Britain yesterday moved a 
step nearer to becoming the 
only country in the world to put 
the ownership of its big airports 
in private hands. 

The Airports Bill, published 
yesterday, is the latest measure 
in the Government's privatiza- 
tion programme. The British 
Airports Authority bad a 
turnover of £36 1 million and a 
trading profit of £72 million in 
its last year. 

The authority will be turned 
into a holding company this 
year, with a separate subsidiary 
for Glasgow, Edinburgh and 
Aberdeen. It is to be sold as one 
unit, probably next year. 

Sixteen local authority air- 
ports with a turnover of more 
than £1 million, including 
Manchester. Birmingham and 
Luton, will be turned into 
private limited companies. The 


government, will encourage 
them to take on private 
shareholdings from the staff, 
local pcpple and others. 

The Civil Aviauon Authority 
will have powers to regulate 
charges at the British Airports 
Authority airports and at 
Manchester. The CAA and the 
Monopolies Commission will 
ensure that after privatization 
airport charges are high enough 
to sustain and develop business 
without exploiting the user. “I 
am confident we can strike a 
balance", Mr Michael Spicer. 
Aviation Minister ai the De- 
partment of Transport, said 

Mr Nicholas Ridley. Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
described the British Airports 
Authority yesterday as a highly 
successful nationalized industry 
about to be released from State 
control. 






to reject TUC call 
to stop supplement 


By Donald MacIntyre Lab'otir Editor 



Mr Peter Gibson, of York Glaziers Trust, pointing out restored details in the great window 
of York Minster, damaged- by fire 18 months ago. The window will form the centrepiece of 
an exhibition to mark the 500th anniversary' of the marriage of Henry VII to Elizabeth of 
York, before being restored to its position in the south transept. 


Prior to quit Parliament 


By a Staff Reporter 


Mr James Prior, the former 
Employment and Northern 
Ireland Secretary, announced 
yesterday that he will not be 
standing for Parliament at the 
next election. In a letter to the 
Conservative Association in his 
constituency of Wavency. he 
recalled that he had intimated 
some months ago that he was 
unlikely to stand again. 

"The liming of the announce- 
ment has no connection with 


present events in the party,” he 
said last nighL 

"The reason is not that I'm 
cither more or less dissatisfied 
with Tory policies than I was 
before. Bui I have to admit I've 
lost some of my appetite for 
politics. I don't fancy myself as 
a backbench MP. By the next 
election I will have Been in the 
Commons for 28 years.” 

Mr PrioKs decision to leave 
active politics at the relatively 
early age of about 60 reflects his 
scam prospects of further 


ministerial employment, and 
his relative estrangement from 
the abrasive Toryism of the 
Thatcher period. 

His departure will take away 
one of the most substantial of I 
today's duster of disconsolate 
former ministers below the 
gangway, and one of the 
declining number of Conserva- 
tives in the Commons who still 
carry with -theni some of the 
political self-sufficiency and 
sense of duty of the old landed 
interest. 


Electricians 1 tenders last night 
strongly indicated they would 
reject a TUC call to try to stop 
their members producing a 
special- Sunday Times sup- 
plement at News IntcmationaTs 
Wapping plant this weekend. . 

- .As he arrived at last night's 
emergency ■ meeting of print 
onion -leaders at the TUC 
headquarters in London, Mr 
Eric Hammond, general sec- 
retary of the Electrical, Elec- 
tronic, Telecommunication and 
Plumbing Union, said they- 
could fall foul of die Employ- 
ment Act's secondary action 
provisions if they acceded to the 
request. 

Mr Hammond, who had been 
in touch, with the union's 
lawyers in the past 24 hours, 
said: “We are very concerned 
about the legality and whether 
[ we would be .putting ourselves 
in a difficult situation as far as 
the immunity of our funds is 
concerned”. 

' Mr Norman Willis, the TUC 
genera l secretary, asked the 
EETPU on Wednesday to take 
"all steps open to it” to prevent 
action by its members at the 
east London plant which could 
conflict with the interests of 
News International's - 6,000 
employees at its four existing 
Fleet Street newspapers. 

Mr Willis repeated his call for 
the electricians' union to join in 
a common negotiating approach 
with the other four print unions, 
rather than pursue its own 
separate negotiations, as it 
decided to do on Tuesday, 

Mr . Tony Dubbins, the 
National Graphical Associ- 
ation's general secretary, said as 
he arrived fiar the meeting: “I 
sincerely hope that the EETPU 
will be prepared to reconsider 
their position because it is 
obviously in the interests of 
everyone who works at News 
International that a common 
approach is agreed”. 


■ Mr^Oubbms said he expected 
ah “overwhelming majority” to 

; vote for industrial action among , 
his members - in News Inter-" 
national. The result of the ballot 
being bdd by both-, the NGa 
and Sogat -S2 arcexpccted to be 
announced early next week. Mr 
Dubbins says it would be “very 
interesting" if the electricians’ 
leaders followed iheir example 
by holding a ballot of their own 
members on whether they 
would join industrial action. 

Neither NGA nor ‘Sogat 
leaders are likely to give any 
official endorsement to indus- 
trial action before the ballot 
results arc announced, despite . 
the management's plans to 
product the 24-page “Jobs for . 
Britain” supplement at Wap- 
ping. News International in- 
tends to send the supplement 
direct to retailers through the 
road transport distribution 
. firm, TNT. 

. Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat, said last 
night as she arrived at Congress 
House that the union had given 
no instruction to its members to 
lake industrial action at The 
Sunday Times this weekend. 

■ Miss Dean, who earlier this 
week asked Mr Willis to step 
into the dispute over publi- 
cation of the Wapping-pro- 
duced Sunday Times sup- 
plement, said his request to the 
EETPU had been "verv help- 
ful" . 

• Meanwhile Mr Bill Morris, 
deputy general secretary-desig- 
nate, of the Transport and 
General Workers’ union, is 
today to meet union representa- 
tives from TNT (Barrie Dem- 
ent writes). 

Mr Morris has been urged by 
print union leaders to instruct 
his members at TNT not to 
handle the additional part of 
The Sunday Times which is 
being produced without union 
agreement 


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Double death after raid 


An umemploycd mqn shot 
dead his girlfriend and then 
killed himself after fleeing from 
a bank robbery chased . by 
police, an inquest in Cherlsey. 
Surrey, heard yesterday. 

Charles Ejogo. aged 35. and 


his car crashed. He had a great 
fear of prison. 

The jury returned verdicts 
that Ejogo' killed himself and 
that Clarke was unlawfully 
kilted. 

A £3.360 haul from their 




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Ibbsicy Gardens. Rochampton. 
South-west London, knew- they 
were about to be caught when 

armed robbery on the National 
Westminster Bank at .Ashford. 
Middlesex, on December 6. was 
found in the crashed car. 

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BBC rejected Downing Street 
attempt to ban interview 


Two men in the news: Sir Raymond Lygo arid Lord Hanson 


By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 


The BBC rejected an attempt 
by the Prime Minister's Press 
secretary. Mr Bernard Ingham, 
to ban the transmission of an 
interview with Mr Leon Briuan. 
the Secrelary of Slate for Trade 
and Industry, about the Wes- 
tland affair last month, it 
transpired yesterday. 

Whitehall sources confirmed 
:he allegations first made public 
by John Smith. Labour's 
spokesman on trade and indus- 
try. in winding up Wednesday's 
debate on the Westland affair, 
•hough it is now clear lhat Mr 
Smith gave the wrong date for 


the sequence of events which he 
outlined to the House. 

Broadcasting executives say 
that the attempt to force the 
BBC to stop transmission of an 
interview with a minister was 
unusual, but not unique. 

On December 22. shortly 
after the Cabinet had agreed not 
to do an> thing to increase the 
controversy surrounding Wes- 
tland. Mr Brittan agreed to give 
an intciyiew to the BBC after an 
article in The Observe which 
was critical of his stance. 

As a result of Mr Brillan’s 


Civil servant’s note 
details conflict 


By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 


Mr Leon Bnttan. Secretary ot 
3:0 le for Trade and Industry. 
:c-:d the Commons on Wednes- 
day night that his account of the 
meeting with Sir F.aymond 
L; go. chief executive of British 
Aerospace, on Wednesday. 
January 8- was a-:cu ra te. 

He then said: “Anyone who 
challenges "hat I have given os 
an accurate account of what 
I'.apper.ed on that occasion and 
s’jggesis that I am telling a lie, 
no', to put too fine a point on it, 
:s su’.ing the same about not 
one but fi'c people, including 
.fcrec distinguished public ser- 


One of those Civil Servants, 
Mr John Mogg, Mr Britton's 
~rivate secretary, took a note of 
Jtc meeting and minuted it two 
days later, on January JO. 


The Times overseas selling prices 


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Mr Michael Hcscltmc first 
alleged in his resignation state- 
ment on January 9 that Mr 
Briuan had told Sir Raymond 
that BAc’s membership of the 
European consortium was 
agains the national interest, and 
that they should withdraw. 

The official Mogg minute, 
published in The Times yester- 
day. was issued by Downing 
.Street at the same time as the 
"private and strictly confiden- 
tial" letter from Sir Austin 
Pearce chairman of British 
Aerospace. 

The Pearce letter was based 
on Sir Raymond's transcript, 
written from jottings made by 
the chief executive on his way 
from the Department of T rade 
and Industry in Victoria Street, 
Westminster, to a board meet- 
ing at BAe's offices in Pall Mall, 
on the Wednesday night. 

But the full notes disclose a 
more highly-charged meeting 
than was revealed in Sir 
Austin's letter, and they also 
give a colour and detailed 
description that was also miss- 
ing. 


promised interview. Mr Hesel- 
tine arranged to give his version 
of events in an interv iew at the 
corporation's Oxford studios. 

When news of both inter- 
views reached Mr Ingham be 
decided to try to stop both men 
taking part in the discussion. 
Mr Heselline, under pressure to 
withdraw from the interview 
with The World This Weekend. 
objected lhat he had to main- 
tain the right of reply to 
whatever Mr Bnttan said in his 
broadcast. 

At that point, it is under- 
stood. Mr Ingham tried to force 
ihc BBC to stop the broadcast oi 
the Brittan interview in order to 
keep both men's broadcasts ofi 
the air. he rang the producer 
responsible for the pro gra mme 
and said that he was "withdraw- 
ing permission” for the inter- 
view. 

The corooraiion. after dis- 
cussions with senior executives, 
told Downing Street that the 
Brittan interview would be 
broadcast as recorded, and as a 
result Mr Heselline aiso gave 
his planned interview. 

Mr Smith, who :nit:ai’> 
identified the date of the events 
as January 5, said: "The BBC. 
grcatl> to iheir credit, informed 
No 10 they would not cooper- 
ate." 

The BBC refused to discuss 
any contact it had with Mr 
Ingham over the programme 
but said that the edition had 
been broadcast entirely as 
originally planned. 

Corporation sources said that 
there was no formal procedure 
for allowing people who had 
given interviews to journalists 
to decide afterwards that the 
interview was "withdrawn". 

BBC journalists, u-ho still tec! 
bitter about Mr Brittan’* role ;n 
the banned Real Lives pro- 
gramme when he was Home 
Secretary last year, felt the 
corponation had emerged well 
from the exchanges. It had met 
pressure from Downing Street 

and immediately resisted iL 


By Rodney Cowton 
\dmiral Sir Raymond Lygo 
and other senior executives of 
Britishi Aerospace were ycsicr- 
da\ keeping their heads down 
and refusing to say am more 
publicly about the disputed 
accounts of the meeting 
between him and Mr Leon 
Brittan. beyond expressing a 
willingness to cooperate with 
any inquiry by a House of 
Commons select committee. 

Sir Raymond is said to be 
totally convinced of the accu- 
racy of his account and 
apparently has the full backing 
of his colleagues. 

It is an embarrassing position 
for Britain’s largest defence 
contractor to find itself in the 
middle of a dispute betwwn its 
main customer, the Ministry of 
Defence, and its sponsoring 
ministry, the Department of 
Trade and Industry. 


That embarrassment has; : 
been hugely increased by the 
conflict between Sir Raymond 
and Mr Brittan about what 
actually was said at that 
meeting. Mr Michael Heselline, 
the former Secretary of State for . 
Defence, did the company no- 
favour last week when he 
disclosed publicly what , had • 
happened 

That Sir Raymond felt that 
he had to secure the "protec- 
tion” of British Aerospace Li 
directors after the meeting with 
Mr Briuan suggests that he was 
rattled in a totally uncharacter- 
istic way. 

An- alert, spry man. who 
cnjo>s a swim before going to 
the office, he is long accustomed 
to dealing with ministers, and is 
not a person, one would have 
thought, gravely to misunder- 
stand what a minister was 
saying. 



Lord 


By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

Hanson; who emerged S930 million acquisition of 
yuesierday ajihe mystery buyer SCM Corporation in the United 
of a W&stigidT share holding States, the £8 million he has 
totallingcncarly'15 per cent, is spent on the Westland stake is 
known in thc_ City as the small change. 

P Through J> a C ^ series of hectic . Hanson is the son of a 
and spectacular. takeovers over' wa,lhy Yorkshire entrepre- 
ihc past 32 years he has built up " e .!^:-„ whose :. r °? d 


Sir Raymond Lygo 


a vast industrial empire strad- 
dling both sides of Atlantic 

Today Hanson Trust is the 
eleventh!) largest company in 
Britain, with a stock market 
value- of nearly £3 billion, and a 
spread of interests that range 
from department stores to 
bricks and batteries to type- 
writers. 

To a man who is engaged in a 
takeover bid worth nearly £2 
billion for Imperial Group, the 
John Player cigarettes to Cour- 
age brewing combine and has 
just successfully completed the 


business was nationalized m 
1948 for £3 million. That gave 
him both the incentive and the 
capital to run his own business, 
as well as a profound mistrust 
of anything to do with socialism 
and the state 

Today Lord Hanson is 
unashamedly pro-Thatcher and 
was beard to urge the turnout ol 
nearly 1.000 shareholders at his 
company's annual general meet- 
ing at the Barbican Centre in 
London recently, to stand up 
and be counted as supporters ot 
tree enterprise and capitalism. 


Lygo account tells of confusion at Brittan meeting 


The following is the text of 
notes to his board by Sir 
Ravntond Lygo. chief executive 
of British Aerospace, of his 
meeting on January 8 with Mr 
Leon Brittan. Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry. It 
fcrrr.ed the basis for the 
"private and strictly confiden- 
tial" letter from Sir Austin 
Pearce, chairman of British 
Aerospace, to Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher. 


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Record of etents pertaining to 
Westland*, which occurred on 
8th January, 1986. 

I had arranged to meet with 
Mr Geoffrey Panic at 4 pm on 
the 8th for the purpose of 
bnefing him prior to my 
attending the presidents' meet- 
ing of Airbus Industrie. I was 
slightly late, about five minutes, 
and we settled down to talk 
about the problems of the 
replacement for management in 
.Airbus Industrie and also the 
impending developments on 
T.A9 and 1 1 and how we might 
handle them. ( have included 
separate notes on these issues. 

We cnniinued by discussing 
the launch of HOTOL and 
some of the proylems we were 
hav ing with funding of various 
programmes within the Minis- 
try of Defence, of which he had 

already been made aware. At 

about 4.50 pm. he said: "By the 
way the Secretary of State is 
aware that you are in the 
building and would like to ba^e 
a word with you”: 1 said: 
"Certainly, but I did have a 
beard meeting starting at 5.30 
pm and therefore I was a bit 
short for time”. 

The Minister said that in lhat 
case he would gel his private 
secretary to phone to see if the 
Seanary of Slate could see me 
now. This proved possible and 
Geoffrey Panic accompanied 
ntc upstairs to the Secretary of 
State's office. The meeting with 
Mr Panic had been attended by 
Mr Macdonald. 

When we entered the Sec- 
retary of State’s room. I was 
surprised to see that he was 
accompanied by Mr Macdo- 


nald, Mr MicheU. the Secretary 
of State's Private Secretary, and 
of course now. Geoffrey Panic. 
I had expected a private chat 
but this was clearly something 
more formal. 

Mr Brittan started by thank- 
ing me for coming in to see him 
and telling me that he wanted lo 
uke this opportunity to express 
his concern at the way events 
were turning in the Westland 
ugo. that up to quite recently 
British Aerospace had been 
taking a low profile within the 
consortium arrangements but it 
had now become more vocal 
and up-from and he wanted io 
express to me his concern of the 
effect our campaign might have 
on UK business with the 
United States. 

He said that it placed him in 
a difficult position in that, when 
tie was required to negotiate, as 
he had recently, increased steel 

quotas, it was imperative that 
there were no implications of 
discriminating against the US 
or actions that could - be 
construed as anti-American. 

Part of his job was to defend 
British industry. He woundered 
whether wc had given consider- 
ation of the effects that our 
action might have on Airbus 
A320 sales in North America, 
for example. 

1 said that we were very 
conscious of the diffkultcs that 
he was talking about through 
British Aerospace Inc. I had 
also had a discussion with Mr 
Bob panielie of United Tech- 
nologies socn after we bad 
decided to join the consortium. 
In feet. I had raised the subject 
with Mr Panic immediately 
after wc had first decided to join 
the consortium, and lhat fur- 
thermore I had suggested to the 
Ministry of Defence that the 
original way in which' the 
national Armaments Directors* 
Agreement had been worded, 
was not coundudve to free 
trade. It implied that - they: 
would only buy their helicopters 
from Europe. 

He interrupted me at this 
poinr to say- that the National 


Armaments Directors’ Agree- 
ment had never been ratified, 
that I was quite wroog to 
believe that it had been ratified. 
' it had never been made 
government policy. 

. 1 in turn said I understood 
this to be so. but was Z not 
correct in saving lhat the 
armament directors had in feet 
signed such a document since 
I’d seen it. “No. No”, he sakL “I 
could show you the Cabinet 
minutes, it has never been 
agreed, it has never been 
agreed”. I passed on, since there 
didn't seem , to be much 
relevance in this conversation. 

I said that he had to realize 
that not only was our major 
customer the Ministry of 
Defence, but also that we had 
very important contracts. Air- 
bus. Tornado. European Fishier 
Aircraft, Trigat, etc. which all 
involved the same partners that 
we were dealing with in the 
consortium. 

He said that he understood 
this but that sometimes one had 
to disagree with one's major 
customer if it was in the long- 
term interest or the company, 
and he reminded me that the 
DTI was our sponsoring depart- 
ment and that he thought we 
should have discussed the 
matter with bim' and with the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry before we had pro- 
ceeded to join the consortium. ] 
made no comment. 

He went on to say ibaL when, 
wc had first become members 
of the consortium, wc had kept 
a fairly low profile, but now wc 
. appeared to be coming .up-front 
and taking the lead, and. he 
tough t . that this was not in our 
best interest 

At this point I s«d that his 
own permanent under-sec- 
retary, to whom i bad reposted 
all our actions on Monday, had 
congratulated me off the way in 
which I was attempting to cool 
the debate and Iceep it on 
commercial grounds. He made 
no comment 

I said that the Europeans 
naturally expected the British 


company winch was most 
experienced in aerospace busi- 
ness, to take the lead aud it was 
not surprising that they asked 
us. The decision that we should 
lake the lead was taken after we 
had had our final meeting with 
Sir John Cuckney and oar offers 
bad been disregarded and we 
had no alternative box to take a 
higher profile. 

Because of my co n ce rn in this 
matter, [ had : made a specific 
issue, at our Press conference, 
of replying fully to a question by 
one of the American newspaper 
men there, that I did wish that 
wc could avoid this debate 
being trivialized to the extent of 
bringing ft down to a simple, 
question of being pro-European 
or pro-American. 

it was our view that a strong 
and united Western Europe 
with a strong defence industry 
was of great importance to the 
United States and it was very 
much in the interests of the 
United States that this should 
-be. s n, so .that Europe could 
make a greater contribution 1 to 

its own defence. 

~ i said also that the reverse 
was true, so that therefore it was 

quite wrong, to suggest that 
because m this instance we were 
being European, this was anti- 
American. It certainly was not 
in the interests of Europe to see 
■America being discriminated 
against by its _ European . part- 
ners.,. 

I went on to say that anyone 
who suggested that I was anti- 
American could not have 
understood the feels; I was 
ntanied to an American; I had 
spent more time in the United 
States, including serving in the 

United States Navy, than 
anyone 1 suspect present in that 
room, and that no-one could 
logically accuse me of being 
anti-American - the truth was 
quite the reverse. 

He said that he thought this 
continuing campaign was 
against the national interest, he 
^5^ we should have stayed 
tn the background and he would 
UKe us to withdraw. I was so 


stunned by this that I turned to 
the assembled company and 
said: "Are you writing all this 
down?” to which the Secrelary 
of State replied: “They under- 
stand what I am saying better 
than I do probably”. 

I said that I was now 
confused because only that 
. morning I had been told by 
another great Department of 
State- that what we were doing 
htzs in the national interest. He 
replied: “Yes, I can understand, 
I can imagine which depart- 
ment that was, but I have to tell 
you that in my opinion what 
you are doing could be ex- 
tremely damaging to you and 
your business” 

He said he fully supported 
the attempt to put together a 
European solution but that the 
decision should be left to 
shareholders. I said we .were 
fully in agreement with that 
provided they were in pos-. 
session of all the facts. 

I said that we realized that we 
yreo n a tightrope between two 
depart meats of state and 
between trusted friends .and 
collaborators on both sides of 
the. . Atlantic. Nevetbelcss, we 
firmly believed that the way 
ahead for the aerospace indus- 
try of tile UK. was primarily 
through _ collaborative arrange- 
ments with the Europeans. • 
w e parted on tiny note and 
with and- with a final reminder, 
l ooki ng at me fixedly, that the 
DTI was our sponsoring depart- 
ment. The whole meeting was 
conducted in what I can only 
describe as an’ 'unpleasant 
atmosphere. 

1 I > left the DTI and came 
straight back to the board 
meeting. It had - not been a 
pleasant experience. The chair-, 
man was mati ng his preiUni- 
Ttan r statement to the board 
wtien l arrived and, since 1 war 
“miliar with this, I jotted down 
immediately the points that had 
been made tb me so that I 
would not forget' them- when J . 
amc to give my account to tite 
board I did this and reported ■_ 

felly in line with this report. 

SirfiflymondLygo 


rder charge 
/5 legacy 


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THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1 986 


£250,000 
Tor soldier 
blinded by 
IRA bomb 

By Tun Jones 

A former soIdief WitKled fbr 
life by an IRA bomb, has been 
awarded compensation of 
£250,000 - by die.-. Northern 
Ireland Office. It is believed to 


HOME NEWS 


: J* -*When JETS noSS £ Se SX Offi*. Itfo be&^to 

‘ outbreak, and offered assistance, bed homtSfe stffi not^vS" ** ^ Iai *‘ sl 50X11 evcr awarded 
its help wasrefiised.- S JJP fi *=:■ member of the defence 

Sflff .patients:- and, , staff;- Is v to & bd^^hawbra infected fo ^ 

sssKSsfjsasfc' :w»«.Mssg.ae sSSSilfe 

inqoiry into the afeir. ■ environmental health officers, when foe outbreak man area 

T^mgnhy found that &od ; . 1 ^«Uy; Ming’ to ; heed ^here nncooked^chK*ens, a raS^mv Mn^l 

poi wring-outbreaks' occurred at.' !&**"]+* state pf -its tampjgurae. of .salmonella, lSSa«SBEwanJ?!S 


: \ . 

mt- 


Mk* 


yx 


:: vf^Sfe 

-■ 

- ... *r : 

- • 

• •- 


poisomuffombreaks occmred at. “"Vice oyer ; the state of -its Known source. pt .salmonella, ™fu«v-laid IRA am- 

ShSilinm4andl979,-Sfe ■»'.** ^ad” 

that from 1977 on, local w ^ ek But the mquiry also heard Belfest shortly before midnight 

environmental health officers'. .{EH?! 10 remove _the Crwn that the hospital had cock-- -on November 23, 1983, 
warned the hospital repeatedly TgSfSSL' prosecution . which roaches m its kitchen, salmon- as he walked oast a head- 
aboul.lhe state of its kitchens. hospitals enjoy.- .. . : ellain the drains, and rats in the high stone wall the terrorists 

but no -effective .action .. was Ministers; instead, .are. likely jewers, and a rat caught and detonated an 18-lb beer keg 
taken and that plans to upgrade t0 '*®y that aWhitehall-widc killed in the kitchen proved to bomb which had been placed in 
the kitchens, first drawn' up in review of Grown immunity is be full of salmonella. -position on the other side. 

1978,' were, repeatedlypost- “per' way, bid no immediate : Once .the outbreak started, .Privaie Bull . received the full 
poned. , . „ j. aecision is planned. infection “spread- explosively, force of the blast, which blew 

Others criticisms were that - - That .will cause a consider- from patient to patient, as the stohe and cement into his face 
onec the outbreak started, the., able' political dispute.' Pressure hospital failed -to cope effec- and body. His life was saved by 
hosjxtsl not only railed. to seek "has already ’-.been mounting tivety; People, who have read an ambulanceman who cut into 
outside : .help, with what. became: from«>me Conservatrve.MPs, the inquiry. report says it tells a' his throat and performed a 


*■**;*. i 

la joint Royal Ulster Consrabu- > •■'. . 'Bk;. 

ilary-Anny patrol which walked 
'into a carefully-laid. IRA -am- •■•Atw«p:« 
bush on. the . Falls Road in ■■£V&f£- » T. .”.- •) * 
Beliast shortly before midnight k , 

on November 23, 1 983. . > : V'.V.: ■/..• . . > v . 

, As. he walked past a head- g-j.-X -' * ; , 

tiioh stnne wall- the tmrnrirt? ■?? V*« 





,• i> A.* 1 
■\v . i';; 


high stone wall the terrorists ■ 

detonated an 18-lb beer keg - 1 y 
bomb which had been placed in- 13 

position on the other side. *%?»:' 
Private Bull . received the foil ' : *?;*: 
force. of the blast, which blew 
stone and cement into his face '■ sjjffi*-*.' 

and hrvfv T-Ti« lift* uis< oivnl Hu 'Jr '"T -'Aj! .. 


•: -V:.. 

uj«' ,4'. = v'i ■ . : . 

.r-r&Wv : 


the worst outbreak, of hospital as well as' from the Oppositioi 
food poSso nin g this century, but for an ehd'fo Crown immunity. 


from, some Conservative;' MPs, foe inquiry, report says it tells a his throat and performed a 
as well as' froni the. Opposition tale of “the ‘ most, appalling tracheotomy as he lay bleeding 
for an end to Crown immunity. mismanagement’'.'’ on the floor. 

- Ministers are woflied, how- " Pressure to ensure -.- that : Mr “? never knew 

the bomb was behind the walL I 


refi ^S? g nSf t ri h -^? l wh ^ * - Ministers are woflied, how- - Pressure to ensure -that Mr never knew 

was P«m), , mat ^ocal environ^, ever, at the huge finanriat experts -are quickly notified of 1116 bomb was behind the walL I 
mental Mg.. officers and the impHcations. A recent survey, ahy similar outbreaks is one of i*“* straight into it like a 

Public Health Laboralorv Ser- <k. ^ _*• *- ■ ,k. ; .1 flv mtna wh' 1 




«. TT. . 1.-1 T • ■ n MMVUO. n MU rcr, VMWiwmj U VUV WI 

^ the Institution of Environ- the Kkeliest ; outcomes of the 
V1( ? c . menral Health OflBcers, of 1,000 mquiry. Ministers are under- 

^nung access, an£that nhe hospital kitchens showed that stood to be considering giving 

Co -SS2 U Snh*i^rn3rl 600 to hygiene CDSC powers to intervene, rf 

\-eiuance- centre (UPSCj, Bn- sta ndards and. 97 would have hospitals .refuse help in future. 

Disclosure Hearing blew SAS 
haltsWal colonel’s cover 

' A retired SAS colond who detailed research into his life. 

The trial in vduch a Saudi ' '**» *Ja jfUqpd. target of a bomb Accused of conspiracy are Dr 
Arabian prince and seven others P.5** had his. identity revealed Maire O’Shea, aged 66, of 
are accused of drug-smuggling when he had to appear in court Solihull Road, Sparkhill, Bir- 
charges was yesterday to defend the actions' of his mingham,. Patrick Brazil, aged 

after a woman juror said she a jury was toldyesterday. 34, a seaman; and William 

recognized two .people in ’the On 1 the second day of the trial Grimes, aged 43, unemployed, 

public gallery and -names .on of _ a woman, consultant psy- both of Dublin, 
exhibits. ... ■ chiatrist and two men accused Or O’Shea is also accused of 


earing blew SAS 
colonel’s cover 


fly into a web.” 

The case for Mr Bull from 
Nantyglo, Gwent, was pre- 
sented to the Northern Ireland 
Office by Mr Robert McCart- 
ney, a. barrister briefed by the 
Army. 

Mr Bull, who enjoyed boxing 
and playing rugby had been a 
soldier since the age of 16. He 
said- last night “Now its all over 
I’m chuffed and I can look 
forward to the future. I thank all 
the people of Wales for all the 
encouragement they have given 
me." 

After he had recovered from 
his injuries, he flew to Germany 
with the Prince of Wales, who is 
Colonel in Chief of the Royal 
Regiment of Wales, , for a 
reunion with his battalion. 

He revealed details of his 



SMr". 1 , . vjj*;. -f ' 

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■■ ■■ ;;v> ■■■ *?> ;• 



r<: “ 






On the fourth dav of the case. of .““Spiracy to . «uise ah fiffing to provide information settlement last night during an 
Judee Hernv PowmiH ex P Jo »on, to endanger fife' -or tfoo'ut acts of terrorism, and Mr HTV Wales This Week docu- 

spent two hours fodSmbfe £^PJ>^ v <Mond:Biran Grimes.is also charged with the mentary. 


with counsel, then retumed tol SS^SS- 52 ’ ° f ZA5i * 

? court ttidischaree the jury I said m a stale- nate: AU have pleaded not 

* J 3 - I ment • read to Manchester guilty.' 


Manchester guilty. 


A second jury was sworn in Crown Court, that his “anon- Defective Constable Richard 
hut five m in u tes mto_ the ymity' ceased in 1977 when Horrocks, of Merseyside police, 
reopened trial a woman juror required to give ■ evidence at said he had seen. Brazil page a 
passed a note to the judge and Dublin. C riminal Court . on parcel wrapped in Christmas 
was i mm edi at ely excused from behalf of eight of my squadron paper to Grimes in a Liverpool 
scrvicc - who had strayed - over the pubtic house on Christmas Eve, 

Another juror was then b 0 ™* 0 "”- 19 84. 

chosen and Mr Michael The court was told how the The court was told that, after 


minirtcy 


While he was in hospital, he Booby trap bomb 
fell in love with a military nurse lr{H c I Trip cMdSar 
who cared for him, and last year KUAS UL,n SOlOier 
he married Nicky Walker, aged The Provisional IRA y ester- 
22, at St Mary’s Church in day admitted killing a part-time 


Plymouth. 


Ulster Defence Regiment sol- 


An other juror was then 
chosen and Mr Michael 


1984. 

The court was told that after 


She said: “It is a lot of money dier and seriously injuring his 
but it is no more than he fiancee with a booby trap bomb 
deserved for all he has gone planted under his car (Richard 
through. If they could give him Ford writes from Belfast). 


I Iansoa 


Worsiey, QC. for the retired- officer, a holder of the Grimes was arrested outside the 
prosecution, began Ins outline MffitkryMedil, was said lobe pub, the parcel was found to 


back his sight it would be better 
than any award." 


Private William Foster, aged 
18. was killed instantly when 


of the case for the third time. ■ 
The trial was.adjowrnecfc intili 
today. 

Murder charge 
man’s legacy .' 

Mr Nevill Bamber, ‘ the 
magistrate shot dead at his 
farmhouse withhis wife, daugh- 
ter and twin grandsons,, left 
£382,586. net in '-his i-wfll 


the “legitimate target” of the contain, gelignite. The 
accused ,-ftfter ihtdi ptadc Continues today. : 


. ? . 


to The HTV crew, who had the ' device detonated as he 
rial been , in . Northern Ireland drove his girlfriend home in the 
2 filming the regiment, wece ^t a border; village of Castledeig, 


Popplewell recommendations 


Clubs count the cost of safety at sports grounds 


By Robiir Young '•■ 


In the Gola League: Bath City 
(20,000); Boston United 


Sports dubs and -Sporting (15,00); Cheltenham (13,000); 
venue proprietors -were gener- Kettering (14,000); Nuneaton 
ally idkved at -Mr Justice (18.500); Wealdstone (15,000); 


published yesterday. The only „ y “ ,Ma: ua.3wg 

surviving Lin beneficiary S f : itPomm endmoru and_Wycombe Wanderers 
his son Jeremv whoisawartine °* S«ety at Sports grounds, (14,000). 
trial, Si jed wth^b mw$n£ whkb stringent than In the- Vai^all-Opel Uamre: 

uu, “* wc,Bh many q>orting organizations Dulwich Hamlet , (16,000); 

Mr Bamber, of Whitehouse had expected. Croydon . (15,000); Sutton 

Farm, Tolleshunt D’Arcy, E»- : Setting the capacity at which United (1 4^)00); Hbrlbw Town 
sex, died last August, aged 6L, .. designation under the safety ( 15 , 00 Q);and Yeovil (14, 300). 

In the will of his wife Jime. legislation win be required for in the' Multipar League: South- 


his son. Jeremy, who is awaiting 

trial, charged wthfiviiiwdS m stri ngent ri m 

many . sporting organizations 
Mr Bamber, of Whitehouse had expected. .. 

Farm, ToQeshunt D’Arcy, E&- : Setting the capacity at which 
sex, died last August, aged 6L, .. designation under the safety 
In the win of.his wife June, fetation will be required for 
which was published earlier this football, rugby and cricket 


meetins 


month, Mr Jeremy Bamber was 
left the bulk of her estate, 
valued at £229,790 net • : 


Heathrow blow 
for taxi driver 


football, ; nigi^y and cricket ; port- ( 15,000) and Workington 


fomtiw was grounds relieves- many -smaller 
her estate, clubs, of the, need ,-tp, meet full 
net, . : ; T’ ; safety requjremenfe- - 

. • The- requirement that aU 

^ ■_ : sport stands and indoor facili- 

DlOW tlcs with -seating ’ far 500 ormore 
,■ must have fire safety certificates 

ivor ; has already largely .been acted 
‘ rv ' '. ] upon by local 'authority, fire 
ed to secure officers in the wake; of the 
ction yester- Bradford disaster. Many indoor 


A tari driver foiled to secure officers b 
a High Court injunction yester- Bradford * 
day to lift the 50p levy on taxis sports ' 
using Heathrow airport.' . complexes 
Mr Gordon Polnck, of South inspected 1 
Norwood, south London, .was totd foe o 
seeking the order pending a full year insp( 
hearing of his fynn r timi the . cases -dosi 
levy is unlawfai. No. dam bay thought to 
bom fixed for the hearing: The big) 


(20;Q0O). 

Many noii-league footbaft. 
clubs, omit their capacities to 
10,000 though formerly their . 
grounds admitted many thou- 
sands more. Some of those have 
stands capable of holding 500 
which will now require fire 
certificates if they are to 
continue in use. 

Mr Richard Faulkner, of the 



Another helping 
of biggest pie 

The villagers of Den by Dale, 
near Huddersfield, West York- 
shire have voted overwhelm- 
ingly in fovour of baking 
another enormous meat and 
potato pie. 

The next pie is expected to be 
even bigger than the last one, in 
1964 which was said to be the 
biggest m the world and 
contained three tons of beef and 
one and a half tons of 
potatotoes. It was 18 feet long 
and 30,000 portions were sold 
for charity. 

Cross-channel 
electricity link 

The United Kingdom joined 
the European electricity net- 
work yesterday when a £760 
million 45-kilometre link with 
France was switched on. 

The 2,000 megawatt DC link, 
which took more than four 
years to . build, runs .from 
Folkestone, fo Sangatte, near 
Calais and' could bring cost 
savings for electricity users -in 
England and Wales. 

Extradition is 
ordered 

Serena de Pisa, aged 22, who 
; is accused in Italy of involve- 
•mem in a £10.000 bank raid in 
Rome in October : 1982 and 
forging a passport in 1983^‘is to 
he extradited to face trial. 

She was taken into custody at 
Bow Strew -extradition .court 
yesterday bat has 15 days to 

appeal a ga«nyt the deration. "• 


sports ‘ facilities are: in . Football Trust, said: “Fire 
complexes which, are., already officers have already been busy 
inspected by the.fire authorities, inspecting and . requiring inl- 
and fire officers were busy last pcovemeots in the wake of the 
year inspecting, , and in - some Bradford disaster, so a lot of 
cases dosing, stands that were work has already been done, 
thought to be fire risks. For many clubs the cheapest 

The biggest impact will be felt way . out will be to cut the 
among non-League .. : football capacity, and where there are 


Mr Justice Popplewell, 
who wants more powers for 
the police. 


shire expect to spend £30,000 in 
the next few months on fixed 
seating. At Lord’s Mr Leslie 
James, assistant secretary for 
administration at the MCG 
estimated that the expense to 
meet designation requirements 
would exceed £100,000. 

The Headlingley ground in 
Leeds is owned by Leeds Rugby 
League Gub and leased by 
Yorkshire, who are sharing the 
expense of the £150,000 pro- 
gramme of improvements sug- 
gested by West Yorkshire 
County Council. AH wooden 
bench seating in the western 
terrace is being replaced with 
8,640 individual seals, and 
alterations are being made to 
exit and entry rates. 

Lancashire Cricket Club have 
already spent £1.5 million in the 
past four years with eventual 
designation in mind, rebuilding 
almost half the ground and 


Football Trust, said: “Hre almost half the ground and 

officeis have already been busy uiepuuw. installing individual seating. 

BgwftBSvt s-sfemns 

Bradford disaster, so a lot of nation safety standards or limit At Edgbaston Mr Alan Smith, 
work has already been done, attendances. They include the secretary of Warwickshire, said: 
For many clubs the cheapest Meadowbank Stadium in Edin- “We have already put in the 
way . out wdl be to cut the burah, where the Common- gangways required by the Act. I 
capacity, and where there are Games are to be held am not expecting anything 


.... . . . ... wealth Games are to be held am not expecting anything 

clubs, but fewer than a score of grounds capable . ot bolding this year. The law which horrific arising from the report 

dubs are likely, to apply for 15,000 but seldom more than controls international and which will require us to spend 

designation certificates under 500 turning up to watch we premier division grounds will large amounts of money" 


the Safety of Sports Grounds shall certainly be recommend- 

Acl Many dubs already have ingthat- 

ground capacities fewer than “But we shall be extending to 


shall certainly be recommend- q OW extend to the larger Officials of the Rugby Foot- 
ing that. grounds used by the first and ball League in Leeds have 

“But we shall be extending to second divisions and the High- authorized the spending of 
non-League dnbs -a scheme for land and junior football leagues. m °re foan £300,000 of £750,000 


10,000 at which .designation non-League dnbs -a scheme for land and junior football leagues. m °re than £300,00 
becomes a requirements, and carrying .out safety work with set aside for improvements at 

others will be .able to drop their the Football Grounds Improve- Only the six Test match 30 of the grounds belonging to 

caoadties below that level merit Trust Since the report cricket grounds will be candi- professional clubs. 

■t^ _ ■ j j a : u. nr,.riri Ur 


without serious economic does not recommend that the dates. for designation, but some Mr David Howes, of the 
consequences since attendances smallest dubs be designated, county grounds such as Taun- league, said that with the 
rarely reach five figures in any there should be sufficient funds ton and Northampton already exception of Wigan all the clubs 


case...- . 

The dubs which' are likely to 
reek desigtrationare: . 


-in football to pope”. 
In Scotland 25 


• have difficulties with stand had considerable work to carry 
Scottish accomodation. At Trent Bridge out. Priority would be placed on 


Football League grounds hold- (capacity 15,000) Nottingham- fitting the grounds to cater 


adequately for normal attend- 
ances, and at several grounds 
that would probably mean that 
partial closure would become 
permanent while other areas 
were brought up to standard. 
The Leeds club spent £200.000 
with a further £50,000 budgeted 
for improvements it knew 
would be necessary on desig- 
nation. 

The British Amateur Rugby 
League Assodation said that 
none of its grounds should be 
affected by the Popplewell 
recommendations, except that 
they would serve as guidelines 
for up to 20 clubs hoping to 
build their own facilities. 

The Rugby Union has 2,000 
clubs in membership, but 
estimates that only 40 attract 
attendances of 500 or more. Air 
Commodore Bob Weighill, its 
secretary, said that as yet he 
only knew of two clubs which 
would be incurring expenditure 
to meet designation require- 
ments: Leicester and 

Gloucester. 

Mr John Allan, secretary of 
Leicester, said that his club had 
spent £60.000 on measures 
agreed with the local fire 
brigade and the police. 

At Hickstead showjumping 
centre the secretary said that 
local fire officers had asked for 
new staircases and exits. Of 
motor sports venues both 
Brands Hatch and Silverstone 
have had improvements to 
certificates for their stands. 

Only Wimbledon and the 
Queen's Gub, Hurlingham, are 
affected among lawn tennis 
venues, and most main athletics 
stadia are run by local auth- 
orities and conform with fire 
safely requirements. 


‘Stringent checks needed to restore confidence’ 


By Philip We^er 
PotitkalReporter 
A big. improvement in safety 
and fire standards at outdoor' 
and Indoor sports .facilities was 
proposed yesterday.' by the 
Popplewell inquiry on Crowd 
safety, as a means of restoring 
the confidence of the millions of 
people who attend sporting 
events in Britaia ‘ 

As reported in The Times 'on 
Wednesday/ large cricket and 
rugby union grounds, wifi have 
to comply with the same 
stringent safety checks as are 
now laced by Football ^ League 
and Rngby League ; dflbs/if the 
recommendations of Mr Justice 
Popplewell, who investigated 
last year’s football tragedies at 
Brussels, Bradford and Bir- 
miagbam, are accepted .". 

The judge recommtmded. that 
aH r footbdL r rugby:.ajad cricket 
grounds which can bold more 
than 10,000 spectator should 
be designated under the Safety 
of Sports Grounds Act, requir- 
ing them to have safety.. 


certificates from local auth- 
orities. All Test match grounds 
wifi have to comply. 

- • More significantly, all out- 
door grounds with a stand able 
;o bold more than 500 people 
and all indoor facilities able to 
accommodate 500 spectators 
and used for activities ranging 
from boxing, karate, judo and 
wrestling to gymnastics, hockey, 
squash, archery, darts and water 
and ice sports will require fire 
certificates and be designated 
under the Fire Precautions Act, 
197L • • 

The judge said: HThere is no 
wish . on my .part to add 
unne cessarily to the burdens 
which those who organize and 
manage the various ■ sporting, 
activities cany. There is, how- 
evejv a real responsibility to 
ensure that those people who 
attend sporting events can feel 
confident that all reasonable 
steps have been taken to ensure 
their safety in case of emerg- 
ency." 

He said that the thresholds of 
10,000 and 500 spectators are 


bound to be arbitrary, but were 
an attempt “to balance the 
expense of inspection against a 
reasonable degree of safety ". 

Recommending the exten- 
sion to cricket, be said that at 
some grounds an elpiem of 
“football’’ hooliganism has 
started to appear on some 
occasions, particularly at one- 
day games. 

He also recommended that 
all safety certificates issued 
under the Act should be 
renewed annually after an 
inspection by the local auth- 
ority, which should also be 
.given powers to revoke certffi- 
cates if standards have fallen. 

The safety proposals form foe 
centrepiece of Mr Justice 
Popplewelfs response to foe 
Bradford fire on May 11 last 
year, in which 56 people died, 
the riot at Birmingham on the 
same day in which a supporter 
died when a wall collapsed and 
the disaster 1 at foe Heysel 
Stadium on May 29 in which 38 
people died. 


His “sad” conclusion was 
that “there has always been 
violence in the world and that 
there always will be”. However, 
preventive measures could be 
taken and he recommended 
sharply strengthened police 
powers. 

In one of his most for-reach- 
ing proposals, Mr Justice 
Popplewell said that foe police 
should be given foe unfettered 
right to search those entering or 
trying to ‘ enter a football 
ground. Under foe Police and 
Criminal Evidence Act 1984 foe 
police can only search someone 
if they have reasonable grounds 
for suspecting that they will find 
an offensive weapon. 

But foe judge argued that 
football grounds should be 
treated as a special case because, 
although experience shows that, 
of 5.000 fans entering a game, 
some will be carrying weapons, 
the police have no special 
methods of detection. 

He also recommended foe 
creation of a new offence of 
disorderly conduct at a sports 


ground, to enable foe police to 
rake action much earlier than 
under the present law. The 
offence would cover throwing 
missiles, running on to the 
pitch, seeking to climb over or 
pull down a periroiter fence, 
shining a mirror at a batsman, 
throwing cans on to a- pitch or; 
interfering with a greyhound, or, 
horserace. i 

The police should also be 
given the power to arrest a 
hooligan after the offence on the 
basis of identifications made by 
dosed circuit television. 

Mr Justice Popplewell . drew 
back strongly from the rcc- 
ommeHdation in his interim 
report published last July that 
membership schemes should be 
introduced at football dubs to 
ban away supporters. 

Home Office. Committee of 
Inquiry into Crowd Safety and 
Control at Sports Grounds: 
final Report. Command 9710. 
(Staionery Office, £6.90.) 

Leading article, page 1 3 

- Parliament, page 4 


Armed officers on 
standby for four 
hours before riots 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 


A wedding day photograph, at St Mary’s Church, 
Plymouth, of Andrew Bull and his former nurse, now wife, 
Nicky Walker. 

regimental dinner when the County Tyrone. They had 
blast occurred. They were on driven less than 300 yards from 
foe scene within 10 minutes and , the soldier’s home when the 
have been following Mr Bull’s bomb exploded late on Wednes- 
progress ever since. day night. 

Previous awards to soldiers Lorraine Muldoon, aged 18, 
injured in Northern Ireland was rescued from the wreckage 
include £212,500 to one of the car suffering from leg and 
crippled soldier, and £137,500 head iiyuries and her condition 
in 1980 for another soldier last night was described as 
blinded in a 1977 bomb blast. stable in Omagh Hospital. The 


day night. 

Lorraine Muldoon, aged 18, 
was rescued from the wreckage 
of the car suffering from leg and 
head iiyuries and her condition 
last night was described as 
stable in Omagh Hospital. The 
couple planned to marry in 
August and foe day before had 
made arrangements to buy a 
house. 

The killing was condemned 
by Unionist politicians and Mr 
Peter Barry, foe Irish Republic’s 
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 
who said that the terrorists were 
intent on wrecking foe Anglo- 
Irish agreement. 

Mr Foster joined the UDR 
seven months ago. Of the 1 52 
members of foe regiment who 
have died since its formation, 
124 were killed off duty. 


Scotland Yard officers 
equipped with CS gas and 
plastic bullets were waiting in 
i reserve near Tottenham for 
possible trouble nearly five 
hours before foe riot at Broad- 
water Farm Estate last October, 
it was disclosed yesterday. 

The decision to call out 
members of D1 1. foe specialist 
.firearms branch, was taken on 
the morning of Sunday 6, 
according to police sources. The 
officers mustered at 2.30pm at a 
depot and reached a holding 
centre near Tottenham at about 
4pm. The riot started shortly 
after 7pm. 

Officers from Dll have also 
been held in reserve at other 
public disorder scenes in Lon- 
don in recent years, according 
to Yard sources. At Tottenham, 
for the first lime, the order was 
given for their use, and they set 
out for the estate at 9.45pm. 
When they arrived at 10.20pm 
they were not needed. 

The timetable of the Dl l 
deployment will raise fresh 
questions about police planning 
and tactics at Tottenham, where 
one officer was killed and 232 
others injured. Critics may ask 
why officers were prepared to 
use Dll but not to cany out a 
contingency plan for policing 
the estate at the first sign of 
disorder. 

The plan, which involved 
taking control of the walkways 
of the estate, was not employed, 
according to the Yard, because 
it was considered too provoca- 
tive. The police aim had been to 
defuse potential trouble if 
possible. 

But dearly there was an 
expectation of serious trouble 
and critics will ask why it took 
so long to reach a decision on 
using Dll. The timetable 
equally shows how long the 
police were prepared to wait 
before committing their most 
dramatic weapons. 

There could now be demands 
for more details on the guidance 
for mobilizing such riot equip- 


ment and the decision-making 
process to be used. A report by 
Deputy Assistant Com- 
missioner Michael Richards to 
foe Haringey police consultative 
committee has already raised 
controversy this week over 
policing on October 6. 

The report shows there were 
signs of tension on foe estate 
before the death of Mrs Cynthia 
Jarretton. October 5, which 
triggered the rioL Early on the 
Sunday, Tottenham police 
station was briefly attacked and 
Yard officers met later that 
morning to plan for the day. 

A pool of 200 reserve officers 
was being kept in the area. The 
decision to add at least five DI I 
officers was taken by Yard 
officers of the rank of deputy 
assistant commissioner or as- 
sistant commissioner and not 
by Mr Richards, the local 
commander. 

After mustering about four 
miles from Tottenham, the DI I 
officers moved to a series of 
holding centres in foe Totten- 
ham area from 4pm. 

They arrived at Tottenham 
police station near the estate at 
8.15pm to stand by for action, 
about 20 minutes after shots 
were fired at police. At 8.45pm 
they donned riot gear and 
continued to wait. 

When they were eventually 
sent forward it took 35 minutes 
to get them through police 
cordons and traffic to the scene. 

Confirming the presence of 
the DI ! officers in reserve, a 
Yard spokesman said yesterday 
the derision had been a 
“precautionary procedure”. 

Mr John Newman, chairman 
of foe London branch of the 
Police Federation, which has 
bitterly attacked police tactics at 
Tottenham, said he was not 
surprised they had been sum- 
moned. A Yard review of public 
order tactics now under way 
would show that “the deploy- 
ment of resources was not in foe 
way it should have been”. 


Police ‘harassment’ of 
estate residents 


By Rupert Morris 


Tottenham police were ac- 
cused yesterday of systematic 
in timida tion of the residents of 
the Broadwater Farm estate 
since the riot there last 
October, when police Constable 
Keifo BUkelock was killed. 

Local activists, youth leaders 
and lawyers associated with the 
Bro^d witter Farm Defence 
Campaign, gave details of 
alleged police harassment of 
residents, intending pregnant 
women, unnecessary breaking 
down of people’s down ana 
suspects being held incom- 
municado at the police station 
for three days at a time. 

The police report on the riot, 
details of which emerged 
earlier this week, was dis- 
missed as being based on 
rumour and innuendo. In 


particular, allegations that 
“lakes of petrol” had been 
created in the basement car. 
parks as a trap for police were 
dismissed as absurd and 
physically impossible. 

.. Mr Stafford Scott, one of the 
leading committee members, 
said the report was an attempt 
to appease rank-and-file 
members of the Metropolitan 
Police, who had been critical of 
their officers’ tactics during the 
riot 

He said the riot and the 
death of Police Constable 
Blakelock, which everyone 
deplored, had been caused by 
police “ineptitude” in trying to 
seal off foe estate because of 
rumours that a shopping centre 
in Wood Green near by might 
be attacked. 


Miner tells Concern on 
of cement accident 
pit ordeal report rules 


From Craig Seton 
Birmingham 

A minor yesterday described 
bow he was trapped op to his 
neck in dry cement for nearly 
five hoars as a colleague acted 
as a human barrier to stop him 
being engulfed and firemen dug 
with their hands to free him. 

Mr Christopher Ellis, aged 
32. had climbed down a rope 
ladder inside an 80ft silo at the 
Hem Heath colliery near 
Stoke-on-Trent, to retrieve a 
colleague’s safety helmet when 
tons of cement dost began to 
collapse, trapping his body 
until only his head was visible. 

“It was my worst fear about 
being buried alive coming true. 
I was convinced I was going to 
die” he said yesterday. 

A foreman, Mr John Parker, 
clambered down inside the silo 
for two boors and for two hours 
spread ea filed himself in front of 
Mr Ellis’s face to stop the 
cement dost suffocating him. 

Mr Ellis, married with a son, 
aged 10 months, from Longton, 
near Stoke, said: “Mr Parker 
saved my fife because the dust 
was falling all round ns and I 
thought I was going to be 
buried alive. I gave op hope aU 
together at one stage. 

Firemen spent four hours 
digging the cement dust with 
their hands and patting it in 
buckets to be hauled to the ton. 

Mr Parker, aged 37, said: “I 
had no hesitation is going in 
after Chris when I realized 
something was wrong. It wasn’t 
until I got down there that I 
bad second thoughts because I 
realized we could both be 
buried alive at any time. 

The National Coal Board 
and the Mines Inspectorate 
have launched an inquiry. 


By Patricia Clough 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation expressed concern yester- 
day over new regulations that 
will require employers to report 
work-related diseases among 
their staff to foe Health and 
Safety Executive and local 
authorities. 

The regulations, laid before 
Parliament yesterday, will also 
require employers from April l 
to report dangerous accidents, 
death or injuries including their 
staff. 

Dr John Noble, chairman of 
foe BMA’s sub-committee oni 
statues and regulations, wel- 
comed the Health and Safety 
Executive’s efforts to combat 
accidents and work-related 
illness but gave a warning that 
an incorrect diagnoses may 
mislead foe employer and the 
safety executive and possibly 
cause a delay in establishing the 
occupational causes. He regret- 
ted that foe BMA had not been 
allowed to comment on the 
practical implications in time 
and said it would be making 
representations before April i. 

The regulations will provide 
data to study health and safety 
risks at work, as well as to 
investigate quickly accidents or 
dangerous situations. 

Thai kind of information has 
become scarce since 1983 
because of changes in the 
Industrial Injuries Benefit 
Scheme. 

Dr Tim Carter, chief employ- 
ment medical officer at the 
Health and Safety Executive, 
said foe department is also 
looking into other ways of befog 
alerted about occupational dis- 
eases, such as foe “yellow 
cards” system doctors use to 
report suspected reactions to 
medicines. 


Dentist to lose £5,000 


A Norfolk dentist who 
wanted to carry out unnecessary 
treatment on a middlo-aged 
woman has had £5,000 withheld 
from his salary as a punish- 
ment He is also having to 
submit his work for foe next 
two years to foe Dental 
Estimates Board for scrutiny. 

The. Norfolk family prac- 
titioner dental service com- 
mittee . investigated foe 


complaint of unnecessary treat- 
ment against foe unnamed 
dentist, who works in east 
Nofolk. 

The dentist wanted to fit 
force crowns which four other 
dentists said were unnecessary. 
He was found to be in breach of 
his terms of service but the 
complaint of unsatisfactory 
work was not proved, a 
committee spokesman said 



HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 1 7 1 986 


PARLIAMENT JANUARY 16 1986 


Lawson defends square mile 



All City not tainted 


FRAUD 


In a vigorous attack during 
Commons questions on Opposition 
critics of the City of London Mr 
Nigtl Lawson, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, said he deprecated the 
implication that anyone coming from 
the City most be la some way 
tainted. 

Mr Roy Hattenley. chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Treasury and 
economic affairs, had asked when 
the Chancellor would choose to 
announce the composition of the new 

Board of Banking Supervision. Cna 

we be assured (he went on) that it 
will include members from outside 
the self-protective, charmed circle of 
the City itself? 

Mr Lawson retorted that the board's 
members would be chosen on the 
basis of the ability and experience of 
the individuals concerned. He 
promised to bear Mr Hattersley's 
other points in mind, 

Mr Douglas Hoyle (Warrington 
North, Lab):, Has the Chancellor 
had any discussions with the 
Governor of the Bank of England on 
Lloyd's? Will he also have talks 
with Ian Hay Davison, chief 
executive of the Lloyd's Council? 

Does be believe that the inquiry 
set up by the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry (Mr Leon 
Brittan) into Lloyd's will restore 
confidence in a tainted City rocked 


by scandal? Before he comes up with 
a report, what steps have been taken 
as quickly as possible to implement 
those proposals and pnt matters 
right? 

Mr Lawson: I strongly object to the 
reference to a tainted Ciry. There are 
certain parts of the City that are 
indeed tainted, but to suggest that as 
a whole it is tainted is wholly wrong 
and 1 hope he win withdraw it 
Mr Robert McCrindle (Brentwood 
and Ongar. Cb When be next 
speaks to the Governor of the Bank 
of England about the City of London 
will he explain on behalf of the 
thousands of my constituents who 
earn an honest living In the Square 
Mile that there is considerable 
irritation at the implication from the 
Opposition benches and elsewhere 
that the City's reputation has been 
hopelessly besmirched? 

Would he underline the fact that 
this is not so over a very wide area of 
activity and remind the Governor of 
the major contribution to the 
economy or this country made by 
invisible exports for the City? 

Mr Lawson: He is right. The City 
is pre-eminent among the financial 
markets of the world and makes a 
substantial contribution to the 
British economy in many different 
respects. 1 am sore that Mr 
Hanersley will not wish to denigrate 
the City as many Labour MPS have 
done. 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Boisover. Lab): 
The Chancellor has the cheek to 


suggest when Mr Hoyle criticizes 
the City and talks about it being 
tainted that this Is not Ac ease. 

About nine nr ten months ago the 
Attorney General said ha finds the 
level of City fraud unacceptable. He 
said that for the simple reason tint 
at this time the PCW syndicate, 
Peter Cameron- Webb and Peter 
Dixon, bad got away with something 
like £130m of money fro m Lloyd's, 
£l3m of which they pocketed 
themselves. They have never been 
brought id heel by the Fra ml Squad. 

Why is he not doing something 
about it? Of course there b 
scandal in the City. 

Mr Lawson: It was a particularly 
scandalous allegation. The Govern- 
ment has for long been concerned 
with the problem sad growth of 
financial fraud. 

One of the tint things I did on 
becoming Chancellor in 1983. long 
before the Opposition were talking 
about this alL was tu chair an iater- 
mlnlsterial group out of which arose 

the setting up of the Fraud 

Investigation Group which aune 
into being on January 1 last year. 

Also In 1983, long before the 
Opposition were alive to the 
problem, the Trade and Industry 
Secretary and Home Secretary, in 
conjunction with the Lord Chance l- 
tof, set op the Roskfil committee to 
look into legal aspects of this. Zt has 
just come out with a most powerful 
report and we be legislating on 
this matter in the next session. 


Stricter safety rules at main 
rugby and cricket grounds 


SPORT 


The Government has accepted the 
recommendation in the Popplcwcll 
inquiry report on safety at sports 
grounds that all football, cricket and 
rugby grounds that can hold more 
than 10,000 spectators should be 
designated under the Safety of 
Sports Grounds Act. 

This was announced in the 
Commons by Mr Dooglas Hard. 
Home Secretary. In a statement, he 
said that consultations would begin 
immediately with the sports 
authorities and organisations 
concerned. 

Mr Hard undertook to consider 
carefully whether to relax the 
controls of the provision of alcohol 
in executive boxes at grounds. 

Mr Hard said the inquiry into and 
control at sports grounds, under the 
chairmanship of Mr Justice Popple- 
well. was established following the 
fire ai Bradford City football ground 
and the events at Birmingham last 
May. 

The Police and Criminal Evi- 
dence Act (he said) which came into 
force on January I has already 
extended the police powers of search 
and of arrest in ways which will help 
them with troublemakers at football 
prounds. I shall examine Mr Justice 
Popplewcll’s recommendations for 
further powers when we see how the 
new Act works in practice. 

On disorderly conduct, the Public 
Order Bill now before the House 
seeks to create a new offence which 
wil] cover hooliganism in football 
grounds as elsewhere. I shall 
consider carefully the recommen- 
dation for a wider offence when we 
see how the offence in the Bill works 
>n practice. 

The Government has already 
La ken a number of steps tu deal with 
forms of misconduct about which 
Mr Justice Popplewell expresses 
particular concern. 

During the parliamentary pro- 
ceedings representations were made 
about the effect on the revenue 
which clubs derive from executive 
boxes. 

The Government undertook to 
monitor the situation, and I have 
received some information from the 
Football League and representations 
from a number of MPs. 

I have asked for more infor- 
mation from the football authorities 
and will wish to consider that 
carefully, in the light of the inquiry'* 
recommendation, before deciding 
whether to allow some relaxation of 
the controls on alcohol in executive 
boxes. 

On membership cards. I fully 
endorse Mr Justice Popplewell's 
recommendation. The Public Order 
Bill contains provisions to enable 
the courts to ban convicted football 
hooligans from attending matches. 
This shows our determination to do 
what we can to keep troublemakers 
away from football grounds, and to 
restore the good name of British 
football. It needs to be matched by 
equally determined action by the 
football clubs and the football 
authorities. 

I turn to crowd safety. Wc accept 
the need to strengthen urgently the 
measures already announced. 

We accept the recommendation 
that all sports grounds and sports 
stadia in England and Wales with 
accomodation for more than 10.000 
spectators and where association 
football, rugby league, rugby union 
and cricket are played which are not 
ajeady designated under the Safety 
of Sports Grounds Act be so 
designated. 


Wc accept the principle of the 
recommendations that safety con- 
trols should be extended to all sports 
grounds and stadia with stands for 
more than 500 spectators, and to 
indoor sports facilities with accom- 
modation for more than 500 
spectators where adequate controls 
do not already exist. 

Powers are immediately available 
under both the Safety of Sports 
Grounds Act and the Fire Pre- 
cautions Act to deal with any 
exceptional hazard which might be 
found in the course of inspections. 
Similarly, chief fire officers and 
lircmasters will be invited to keep 
under review the places they 
inspected under previous initiatives 
last year with the object of 
maintaining safety standards at 
those places. 

So for. the figures this season 
show a narked improvement in the 
number of arrests and ejections 
from football grounds. Our 
measures against hooliganism 
should have a cumulative effect. But 
it is too soon to be satisfied. Wc 
have to deal not only with 
hooliganism but with safety: not 
only with football grounds but with 
sports grounds in general Thanks in 
large part to Mr Justice Popplewril I 
believe we arc on the right track. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman of home affairs, 
said the unsatisfactory building 
regulations of November 1985 must 
be changed urgently. 

Mr Hurd was prudent in his 



dSk '■ 

...*A 


Smith: Reconsider drinks 
in executive boxes 

approach to new criminal offences. I 
am sorry (he said) that he said 
nothing about the proposals in the 
interim report about the chanting or 
racial abuse. It is an obscenity that 
must be expunged from the game. 

Vlas Mr Hurd sausfied with the 
position under the Public Order 
B:ll. under which the Government 
uould no: slop convicted hooligans 
from :nr- riling to matches abroad? 

A cunous gap in Mr Hurd's 
statement «js the failure to 
mention closed circuit television, 
which the Bill recommended last 
July and which the previous Home 
Secretary endorsed. There had been 
faille progress. Only 21 per cer.l of 
"round'-, were covered by closed 
circuit television. 

One reason was lack of money, 
even in the richest clubs. The less 
affluent ones ;ou!d not comply with 
this recommendation. A Labour 
Go'-cmmeni would create a Foot- 
ball Levy Board to return to the 
game some of the massive levies the 
Treasury took. 

Mr Hurd said that as a general 
principle, people who *.vcre offering 
public entertainment or sport 
should do so in conditions of safety. 
Out of the first and second division 
efubs. 25 had installed closed circuit 
television. Nine Scottish premier 
division clubs also bad them. 


Mr Patrick Jen kin (Wansiead and 
Woodford. CT. Is Mr Hurd satisfied 
that football clubs are determined to 
introduce membership card 
schemes or are they just going 
through the motions because they 
do not want to do it? 

Mr Hard: Fifteen clubs out of 92 
have so far introduced membership 
schemes, or are about to do so. and 
these cover 50 per cent of ground 
capacity. Wc would like to see faster 
progress. 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau Gwent, 
Lab) welcomed the dropping of the 
“daft idea" of stopping people from 
attending away matches. He uresd 
Mr Hurd to finance safety 
improvements so that all dubs 
could make their grounds safe in 
two years. 

Mr Hard said the clubs, together 
with the Football Ground Improve- 
ment Trust, would be able to fund 
the costs of the improvements over 
five years. The Government was 
open to representations on these 
matters but so for progress had been 
reasonably good. 

Sir Hector Monro (Dunfries. Ch 
Will Mr Hurd be careful not to 
make any change to the alcohol 
restrictions until the end of the 
season to see if the much improved 
behaviour conti nucs? 

Mr Hord said if there was going to 
be any relaxation it should be 
included in the Public Order Bill 
which received its second reading hs 
the Commons on Monday. 

Mr Clement Freud (North East 
Cambridgeshire. L»: You canno: 
have safety on the cheap. There is a 
considerable amount of money 
slushing around in football. A tax on 
transfer fees would be much more 
sensible instead of hitting the 
declining number of supporters and 
punishing the small clubs. 

What figures are there about the 
diminution of violence? 

Mr Hurd said where clubs had 
particular financial problems they 
should go the the Sport Council or 
his department. 

The Metropolitan Police, up to 
January 1 1 this year, had ejected or 
arrested 1.470 people, compared 
withg 2.652 for the same period last 
year. This was a reduction of 44 per 
cent m London. 

In Greater Manchester the gates 
were up 6 per cent and arrests and 
ejections were down 66 per cent. 

Sir Dudley Smith (Warwick and 
Leamington. C) said dubs varied 
throughout the country oa the 
provision of alcohol. He urged Mr 
Hurd to look again at exempting 
executive seats from the alcohol bar. 
as there was no evidence of any 
probiem in executive seats. 

Mr Hard said the Government had 
deliberately included a wide mea- 
sure of local options so tha: 
magistrates could make exemptions 
depending on local criteria 
Mr Peter Snap* (Wes: Bror-.w;ch 
East. Labi said that mar.y coaches 
still arrived at the destination town, 
hut not necessarily at the ground, 
hours before a kick off. a!iowir.g 
fans to consume perhaps a lot of 
drink. Foe same thing happened cn 
the way home. This had been 
overlooked. 

Notwithstanding the voting pro- 
pensities of those who used 
executive boxes, most of them did 
no: rampage around the ;o»r. as 
some football supporters did. The 
ban on drink in the boxes penalized 
clubs like Wes: Bromwich Albion 
who had spent hundreds cf 
thousands of pounds providing 
executive boxes. 

The establishment of a betting 
levy board should be considered 
again. 


Cheating by 
negative 
interest 
rates 


TREASURY 


Mr Nffel Lawses. Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, ioW the Commons that 
he had bo wish to see real interest 
rates any higher than they needed to 
be. But be added: 1 would much 
rather have them at this level titan 
the negative real interest rates under 
Labour which were cheating every 
tingle saver in the land. 

Dr Omagh McDonald, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Treasury and 
economic affairs, had asked him 
during question time wfaat was his 
thinking on the impact oa British 
manufacturing output of the highest 
interest rate ever, higher than that ol 
all mqjor industrial countries. 

Mr Lawson told her the outlook had 
been promising at the time of his 
autumn statement and it bad not 
changed since then. 

On output, unlike the recovery 
under Labour, under this Govern- 
ment there had been a rapid growth 
of capital investment, including that 
in manufacturing, of 4 per cent a 
year compared with 1.5 per cent a 
year on investment under Labour. 

Manufacturing output and gross 
domestic product were expected to 
have grown by 2£ per cent and 3 1 ’; 
per cem respectively since the 
beginning of 1985. 

Mr Hugh Dykes (Harrow East. O 
asked if Mr Lawson could reassure 
him on the miracles of the 
monetarist counter-revolution. 

Mr Lawson agreed that some 
industries had not done so well but 
others had done much better. 
Manufacturing output as a whole 
during the lifetime of this Parlia- 
ment to the third quarter of last year 
was np more then 7.5 per cent in 
real terms. 

Mr Anatin Mhcbril (Great Grims- 
by. Labfc Mr Lawson is so desperate 
for signs of good cheer that he would 
regard rigor mortis as a healthy 
symptom. 

The pound should be brought 
down from its artificially high level 
and Mr Lawson should stop 
subsidizing imports and penalizing 
exports by cutting interest rates 
which crucified everyone. 

Mr Lawson: Mr Mitchell imagines 
that devaluation is a cure Tor 
everything. No doubt he would also 
recommend it as a cure for rigor 
mortis. (Laughter.) 

He told Mr Terence Higgins 
(Worthing. O that one of the most 
encouraging signs had been the 
increase m productivity in the 
w-hoie economy and in manufactur- 
ing particularly. Manufacturing 
productivity during this Parliament 
was up almost 10 percent. 

However (he added) it is dearly 
necessary, as the Confederation of 
British Industry realize if wc wish 
more people to be in work, to have a 
tighter grip on wage increases. 


Australia 
severs its 
last link 


FOREIGN AFFAIRS 


The Australia Bill which confirms 
the status of Australia as an 
independent nation by terminating 
the power of the United Kingdom 
Parliament to legislate for Australia. 
so removing the residual consti- 
tutional link, was not an occasion 
for sadness but rather a cause for 
satisfaction. Lady Voting. Minister 
of State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, said in the House of 
Lords when successfully moving the 
second reading of the BilL 

There might be surprise that such 
a link still existed, she said, but it 
stemmed from the way the 

Commonwealth and Australia bad 
been established in 1901 as a 
federation of what until then had 
been several different British 
colonies. 

The Queen would continue as 
sovereign in respect of the 

Australian states. Lady Young said, 
but no longer in the right of the 
United Kingdom. In her Australian 
capacity, the Queen would be 
advised by Australian state premiers 
just as in retaliation to Australian 
State Commonwealth mailers she 
was advised by Australian Com- 
mne wealth ministers. The Bill 
made no other change to the 

position of the Queen's as Queen of 
Australia. 

Lord CTedwyn of Pcurbos. Leader of 
the Opposition pee r s, affairs, said 
the Bi:l was to be welcomed. 
Though there might be a lingering 
nostalgia for the oW tics an 

ineradicable inheritance remained. 


Acas hopes 

Mrs Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
expressed the hope during questions 
in the Commons that Acas would be 
abie :o help the two sides in the 
teachers' dispute find a satisfactory 
solution. 

She added that the Government, 
like parents, wanted to see an early 
end to the damaging dispute. The 
objects ve was to have a statement of 
teachers' duties and a satisfactory 


Not impossible to have genuine 

but differing recollections-PM 

C7 e.u Mn*t 


WESTLAND 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, insisted in the Commons 
yesterday, under dose questioning 
from Mr Ndl Sftundk, Leader of 
the Opposition, that Mr Leon 
Britton's account of bis meeting 
whh Sir Raymond Lygo was the 
correct version. 

It was not impossible, she added, 
for there to be differing genuine 
recollections, genuinely held. 

Mr tfifwarit suggested Mr Brittan’s 
purpose is the meeting had been not 
to advise but to menace. He knew 
the stock in trade of the Govern- 
ment at the moment was to suggest 
there had been a mis understanding, 
but Sir Raymond's quotations were 
so extensive, so detailed and so 
particular as to forbid the idea that 
any of this difficulty arose from 
misunderstanding. 

Mr Michael Heseltise. former 
Secretary of State for Defence, and 
Labour MPs attempted to discover 
later, on pom is of order, whether Mr 
Leon Brittan. Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, had quoted 
directly the previous night from 
reports of meetings which had taken 
place on October 4 and 17. If he 
had. then the whole document from 
which he had quoted would have to 
be laid before the House. 

Mr Hesdtxae asked permission to 
put his question again. He said that 
the matter was relevant to meetings 
which .would be held before Mis 
Thatcher could again be questioned 
and was urgent. 

The Speaker, Mr Bernard Wcathc- 
rill. declined to allow that although 
he suggested that the Prime Minister 
had misunderstood Mr Headline's 
original question. 

Mrs Thatcher said she bad noL but 
that the first thing was to discover 
from the Hansard report whether 
there had been a direct quotation. 
After that, it was a matter of order, 
and nol for her. 

Mr Frank Haynes (Ashfield. Lab): 
When did the Prime Minister first 
learn of the letter sent by the 
Solicitor General (Sir Patrick 
Mayhcw) to the former Secretary or 
State for Defence (Mr Michael 
Headline)? 

Mrs Thatcher 1 cannot - 1 have not 
got the precise dates with me. 
(Prolonged Labour protests). Would 
Mr Haynes repeat his question? 

Mr Haynes: Would the Prime 
Minister tell the House when she 
first learnt of the letter signed by the 
Solicitor General to the former 
Secretary of State for Defence - and 
[hat is the second time? 

Mrs Thatcher Fairly soon after it 
was written. (Laughter). As to when 
it was sent to the department; I 
cannot give Mr Haynes a precise 
time or day for obvious reasons. 

Mr Michael Heseltinc (Henley. C]z 
Can I ask Mrs Thatcher, referring to 
sesierdav's debate (Wednesday) ad- 
column lid? of Hansard whether 
the Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry (Mr Leon Brittan) voted 
from reports of the meetings which 
took place on October 4 and 1 7? 

Would it now be in order, 'since 
Mr Brittan -quoted front them. Tor 
me lo add a few words to the : 
quotation? .< 

Mrs Thatcher. As Mr Headline 
knows, matters of order are not for 
me. but I am not quite ceriain if Mr 
Brittan quoted directly from The 
documents. 

As I understand it be was giving 
the gist of the information. 1 am 
sure whether or not be quoted 
directly. The precise joints or order 
he should clear with other people, 
(interruptions). 

Mr HewKlne rose to ask another 
question but the Speaker (Mr 
Bernard Weaiherill) called Mr Dave 
Ncllist (Coventry South East. Lab) 
who said the country was appalled 
by the succession of half-truths and 
naked political ambition of recent 
days compared with the total 


. for the future of tie jobs of 

foe Wfestluids* workers? 

Is Mrs Thatcher farther appalled 
(he wwt on) by the sharia of foe 
Gty pi cking over the bo*e* of 
Westlands? There arc some people 
wfaos hands arc bloody over recent: 
redundancies in Coventry ;Sbnfo 
East. • • 

Neither of U» bids for Westland* 
guarantees the jobs of foe workers. 
The only way in which to secure 

loog term jobs would be by talcing it 

into public ownership and *n 

expanded civilian programme. 

Mrs Thatcher: I do not believe the 
future of Westlands lies in public 
ownership. Having regard to the 
workers and their future. I hope for 
that reason, matters will be speedily 
received 

Mr Michael Marshall (Arundel. Cl: 
On the Westland question; foe will 
be aware of my interest as decla r ed 
in the Members' register with regard 
to British Aerospace and the 
meeting between the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry -(Mr 
Brittan) and Sr Raymond Lygo, 
chief executive of British Aerospace, 
on Wednesday. January 8, would 
the Prime Minister not accept, that a 
dose reading of the document now 
available to us, together with other 
evidence, does suggest there is a case 
of genuine mininik Ttnulim in the 
situation which may help us to 
understand some of foe problems 
we face? 

Mrs Thatcher. Yes, I think foot is 
correct. I am glad that both accounts 
have been fully published. 

Mr Klnnocfc. Leader of the 
Opposition: Given foe extent, foe 
closeness and frequency of contact 
between SirRaymonf Lygo and the 
United States Government inter- 
ests, does she not think he is the last 
man who would need to be advised 
by the Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry? Does hot that make ' 


economic and* buna*** tin** 

Libya wiH not apply, to Wcg fratf rf 
foeHai'SDcoiskybid »***£*? 

Cut foe guarantee FroaoMH 
Reagan's sanctions MV?** 
wffl not affect technological trans- 
fers from Sikortky? 

Mra Thatcher: 1 can guarantee none 
of these things without tootanf into 
them farther. 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau Gwent, 
Lab^ On the waorions totter wit by 

the Solicitor General to foe * M ®® r 
Secretary of State far Defence (Mr 
Hesdtine), since it does *«n » 
involve foe pu rsuit of by , most 
vicious vendetta, would she pvc an 
u nd** rta V mi that will make a 
report hcndfto foe House when she 

discovers foe culprit? 

Mrs Thatcher: The inquire , l 
announced oa January 14 is still in 
progress. He knows that the custom 
with regard to leak inquiries is that 
their outcome is not announced. 
• Later, during business questions 
to Mr John Biffen, Leader of foe 
House. Mr DonaKl Dixon (laxrow. 
Lab) said: Since 1979 foe Prune 
Minister' *nd her Cabinet mmoteis 
have advised trade unionists not to 
be dictated to by their leaders and 
they have said the sQent majority 
should stand, up and be counted. 
Will he arrange a debate so this 
House ran give foe same advice to 
the Cabinet? 

Mr BUfosc I un part of the 
progressive silent majority of the 
Cabinet. 

Mr John Stokes (Halesowen and 
Stourbridge. Ck Is the real England, 
lar away from the ’media-riddled 
t of Westminster and Whitehall, 



Marshall: A case. of - 
gen i one misunderstanding 

the excuse offered by foe Secretary 
of State on foe meeting on January 8 
somewhat thin? 

Mrs Thatcher: No one would ever 
accuse Sir Raymond Lygo -of being 
anti-American in any way whatso- 
ever. Mr Brittan gave his own 
account of foe meeting and why he 
taught it advisable to have ft at that 
lime and 1 have nothing to add to 
that. 

Mr Kinnock: Can she think of any 
plausible reason , whatsoever why Sir 
Raymond Lygo should falsify either 
. the words or meaning of the meeting 
that took place on January 8? 

Is there any feasible reason why 
Sir Raymond should say that the 
Secretary of State, had said to him: 
What you are doing could be 
extremely da m agi n g to you and 
your business." Is not that more 
Mafia than ministerial? 

Ms Thatcher: No, and no one on 
this side is accusing anyone of 
falsifying any document. (Interrup- 
tions) I think that Mr Marshal] had 
the right explanation. 

Mr John Cartwright (Woolwich, 
SDPk In view of foe widely 
publicised Libyan involvement in 
the affairs of rat, has the Prime 
Minister been given dear assurances 
that President Reagan’s ban on 


foe Government stiB enjoys great 
support. Ordinary people cannot 
understand why wc make such an 
appalling ftiss about sueb -a ' s m all 
item. 

Would it not help if ministers 
could reduce ' foe present huge 
legislative programme - and spend 
more -time, potting foe Govern- 
ment's message across and also 
seeing a bit more' of us here? 

Mr Biffem lit is a tempting offer bat 
everybody here knows the fortunes 
of this Government are related also 
to foe formidable legislative pro- 
gramme we have embarked upon 
and ndtich we intend to finish. 

Mr . Harry Ewing (Falkirk, East, Lab) 
asked for a statement outlining foe 
position of dvfl s e rv a nts working 
for ministers. 

Because of the statement by Mr 
Brittan last night, in which (recalled 
in aid lo support his case three civfl 
servants who work in his office (be 
said), they- are now placed in' an 
impossible position in either 
confirming, or denying that Mr 
Britan was telling the truth. 

It is intolerable that civil servants 
should bc -placed in such a position 
by mcunpCTenl ministers. 

Mr BUfrm: That » a- very unfair 
comment CivD servants, having 
made saiements in good frith 
approximate to the time of tire 
events, are now being as 

having been suborned because it 
happened to . follow foe remarks 
made by my 'coHeague Who is at foe 
centre of a mqjor political contro- 
versy. 

Mr Antony Marlow (Northampton 
North. Q said Mr Heseftmc’s 
actions should - be scrutinised, 
Mr S&u said it was a matter for 
foie s ele ct coaunittee to whom Mr 
Brittan and Mr Hesdtine would 
wish to give evidence. 

The Government had majorities of 
153. and 150 at tire end of 
Wednesday's debate on foe West- 
land affiur. An Opposition motion 
«Hi»n toe the BffiWhfcTiiBiit of a 
House of Commons committee to 
look into foe matter was rejected by 
370' votes to 217. and tire 
Government amendment support- 
ing Westland in its efforts to find a 
fin a ncial reconstruction was carried 
by 367 voles to2I7. 


Hailsham in the groove 
on the Woolsack 


HOUSE OF LORDS 


Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, 
foe Lord Chancellor, was perfectly 
placed to answer a point raised at 
question time in the House of Lords 
when he was asked if press reports 
were correct in stating that Che 
contents of the Woolsack needed 
renewal.' 

It may be that the House would 
expect me to declare an interest, he 
said to 1* tighter as he rose from the 
Woolsack to reply. The contents of 
the Woolsack were replenished fully 
in 1972 he explained and had been 
regularly maintained since. It 
current!) contained wools from foe 
Commonwealth countries including 
a small quantity- of wool Cron the 
Falkland Islands which was added 
in 1983. 

Lord Campbell of Croy (Ck Why 
did this story appear in several 
reputable newspapers? Could it have 
been concern that more repairs were 
needed after the ceiling started . to 
ton span as. or was it a deep seated 
conviction that this house iuis a long 
future before it? 

Lord Hailsham: With the latter part 


of foe question I wholeheartedly 
agree. My understand tog of the 
matter is rather cur hrihk 

When my tother ecoufod the 
Woolsack our wise Victorias 
ancestors had stuffed if wffo horse 
hair. It was then discovered that that 
was inappropriate and the present 
arrangement that it should be flOed. 
with wool was arrived ai. Un- 
fortunately, they did not understand 
that wooL when sat on rep eat edly, 
bec ome s fell utf the ntfde fat 
question now has two very large 
greoscsioit 

The Earl of Cork and Orrery (C): 
Which department Is responsible for 
wool gathering? (Laughter) 

Lord HaSshium Environment,- of 


Labour pledge on 
mortgage relief 

There was no question of a Labour 
Government abolishing mortgage 
lax rcbeC said Mr Ray Hattenley.' 
chief Opposition spokesman on 
Treasury and Economic Affairs, 
during Commons questions. 


Japanese 
penetration 
of Gty . 

There had been a number Of recent 
instances of 'British financial 
institutions getting. ‘ Jiocaocs to 
operate m. Japan as a result of the 
strong Intel tfyc Government, bad 
been taking, Mr Nlgd .Lawson, 
Chan c ell or, of the- Exchequer, jsrid 
during Commons questions.- 
Mr Richard Hickmet (Gfenforir and 
Scunthorpe. C> had asked- if the 
Chancellor was concerned about the 
penetra tion of Britain’s ma r ket* by 
Japanese : bank and. financial 
institutions in the City. 

Has.hc discussed that matter (he 
went on) wifo the -Governor df-foe 
Bank of EngHa p d , bearing in mind 
the Japanese; authorities' steps .to 
prevent Our banks competing in 
their markets -on similar terms? 
Mr Lan*«K This b an important 
matter. In general terms foe City 
and the United ‘ Kingdom have 
benefited through foe existence of 
oversew 'banks • and financial 
i n s titutio ns in this country, bur 
there has been a. problem about 


. tire -Japanese financial in ril - 
tucons -Want an- increasing presence 
in foe City, what is sauce for foe 
goose is sauce for the gander. 


Synod likely to give support 
to report on inner cities 


By Clifford 

The church report on inner 
cities, which was at the centre of 
a clash the government last 
month, is to be subniued for 
endorsement to the Genera! 
Synod of the Church of 
England. Church officials expect 
it to be approved by a large 
majonly. 

The report, by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury’s com- 
mission on inner urban areas, 
has so far carried only the 
authority of ils membership. It 
was criticized for its strictures 
on government economic policy 
and iis call for higher public 
spending in inner city areas. In 
spite of this the standing 
committee of the General 
Synod has declined to back 
away from it. but will promote 
it as official church policy. 

The agenda for nest month’s 
synod meeting published today, 
lists a resolution to be moved 
on behalf of the standing 
committee which asks ihe 
synod to commend the report to 
the Church an^l the Govem- 


Langley. Religious Affairs Correspondent 
ment "for study, discussion and the Genera! Synod's secretariat 
action." Thai would be cquivg- for promoting discussion and 
lent to genera! endorsement of decision on The report’s many 
the report's analvsis and judge’ other recommendations, 
ment: i: would not imply Two days of Lhe synod's 
acceptance of every detail, threc-day meeting will be 
however. largely taken up with consider- 

Onc detail the synod is not ation of the inner city report 
being asked to approve is the and unprecedented total of 
commission’s suggestion of a more than seven hours' riebat- 
new standing committee m the ing lime. The synod's officers 
Church of England, called the are understood to feci tha: the 
Commission on Black Anglican Government's strong reaction 
Concerns. That would have to the report won little 
monitored all aspects of church sympathy m the church, and 
poliev from the point of view of they do not even expect 
ethnic minorities. amendments to be moved to 

The standing committee the resolution proposing 
rejected the idea, for reasons cndorsemenL 

analogous to opposition inside _ 

the Labour Party to black 

sections. Instead, all elememsm f ohip chnpfr 
the church’s administration ailUtlk 

would be asked to pay special A boy aged 1_ was recovenng 
attention to black interests and in hospital yesterday after 
black representation. surviving a 25.000 vqU electnc 

The synod will be asked to shock when he picked up a wire 
agree in principle to a new’ looped over a 25ft high ran 
"urban fund" of £10 million, cable in Ladywooa. Btrmicg- 
and to set up machinery inside ham. 


Sex Pistols 
share 

£lm pay-out 

The surviving members of 
the Sex Pistols punk rock group 
are ;o share in a £1 million pay- 
out after the sudden withdrawal 
yesicrda> of their former man- 
ager. Malcolm McLaren, from a 
High Court dispute over roy- 
alties. 

The money has accumulated 
since 19?9 when a receiver was 
appointed to the company set 
up by Mr McLaren to handle 
the group. 

Mr McLaren and his com- 
panics, Glitterbcst and Matrix- 
best. had challenged the claim 
to ihe money by the group 
members. John Lydon. who 
performed as Johnnv Rotten, 
the drummer Paul Cook, and 
the guitarist Steve Jones. 

Mrs Anne Beverley, mother 
of the fourth group member. Sid 
Vicious, who died from a drugs 
overdose ra New York in 1979, 
claimed on behalf of his estate. 

Mr McLaren agreed io 
withdraw his claim in return for 
r.oi having to pay the group's 
costs. 





The Duke of Gloucester 
(right). Grand Prior of The 
Order of St John, congratu- 
lating Major-General Lord 
Cathcvt after installing 
him as the order's new Lord 
Prior in the ■ 15th-century 
Gland. Priory chapel in.- 


ClerkenweH, London, yes- 
terday. 

Lord Cathcart, a Deputy 
Speaker of the House of 
Lords, is the twelfth Lord 
Prior since the order re- 
ceived hs royal charter in 
1888. 


Ex-major on 
£ 16 m arms 
deal charge 

Two Britons, appeared in 
court in ..London yesterday 
•Mcosed of a £16 million fraud 
mating to a deal to supply 
5,(X)0 anti-tank missiles to Iran.. 

Mhtson, aged 62, gave an 
address a Dubai. He is * 
. m a na g e r with a general tradink 
company of which his co^ 
fendant, Michael Aspin, aged 
47, of Honeysuckle Cottage. 
Swardeston, Norwich, is general 
manager. 

They were remanded in 
custody for a week al Horse- 
fcryRoad Magistrates Court. 
The men are charged with 

co&spinng with othen to obtain 

5Z4 i^ion by deception from 
ia2t wf* y Switzer- 

sasBarb"*- 


Gartcosh closure 

The British Steel Corporation 

XS'tiifSLP! todhy rt is to' 
»«i plant at.Gjuicosh. 
jjqgrahirc, on March 31 as 





Geoffrey 

Smith 


UP-" • 

■jt. 

- 

•; 

tV-e-V-. 


One of the deepest Instincts 
of die Conservative Italy fa te 
dose ranks when in, perih That 
has become evident in the 
response of most . Conservative 
MPs to the Westland sen. ft 
is why Z believe that Mr 
Brittan wfrl not be forced ^ 
resign now unless : there is a 
new and damaging develop, 
ment 

This is not because there ft 
widespread c o n fid e n ce in fafe 

conduct on the Conservative 

backbenches. Whether it is not 
believed that he sperificalfr 
asked Sir Raymong Lygo ta 
withdraw British Aerospace 
from the European consortium, 

he is atm exposed to serins 

criticism. - 


* v 

4 

X 


In ou 

upari 


Confusion is most 
likely explanation 


It seems to me that even Sir 
Raymond’s detailed account of 
their meeting leaves open the 
possibility of a genuine nrisna- 
derstandmg as to whether Mr 
Brittan was advising British 
Aerospace to .withdraw firm 
the consortium itself or simpfr 
from a campaign which he 
judged to be anti-American, t 
regard such confusion as t&e 
most convincing explanation. 

But even if that -Is. correct, It 
does not absolve Mr Brittan 
from the charge of seeking to 
threaten Sir Raymond. Even 
the . official account of then- 
meeting suggests that, no 
mattter what words were 
actually used. Mr Britton hM 
more in mind than the nature or 
the campaign being waged on 
behalf of tire European consor- 

f ull!- 

Why did he remark that it 
might have bear helpful if 
British Aerospace had spoken 
to him Initially if he did not 
regret Its becoming involved in 
the consortium? 

Why did he feel it Becessary 
ta point out that the. company 
had relations with the Depart-, 
ment of Trade and Industry as 
well as the Ministry of Defence 
if not to imply a threat? 

What exactly did he mean by 
saying that “It was not in the 
national interest that die 
present uncertainty involving 
Westland should drag on"? 
Was this a hint that British 
Aerospace should help to 
resolve die uncertainty by 
withdrawing from the consor- 
tium? 


BAe subjected 
to pressure 


would be < . 

Mm bttt for the Go verutaettrs 

performance if every time to* 
Secretary of State for Trad* 
and fadnstry opened Ms wav® 
the only tiring -most pWp 
wanted -to talk, about was ^ 
meeting with Sr RaJ 1 ® 00 ? 
Lygo. 

Some Conservative 
share this aiodety, b«t ttef 
want to Riv® Mr Brittan ti®* 
lor. the trouble to. ! Wow„®J®. 
Then is a widespread ' ^ 

tltaCoimemtlrawfi* 11 ?*®^ 
Twuty that it is fr tbetf 
interests, as well asb 4 » 
should be Aide, 
least until theorist i 


. fi^Vpjru 

; v-r 

&5 "V' 

TM * 

in ' 

<£ * 

, 

« a . " . _ 

'^HproU* ^ 

aisfc 

?= : -- 

Austr 

ya&xx 

IDOflE V-:'. 

Lite 

at »s:.* 

Jrmfc 


ai H 


it 


Above alL how could there 
have been a genuine misunder- 
standing over the precise 
meaning of Mr Britton's words 
If tiie general tenor of their 
discussions had not been such 
as to make Sr Raymond fed 
that he was being subjected to 
pressure. - 

To raise these qnetions is 
not to accuse Mr Brittan id 
iyingl But ft is. hard to before 
that he was conducting himself 
hi a way that was consistent 
with the Governments declared 
policy of even-handedness. He 
is in no position to sustain any 
further blows to his credibility. 

But at this stage all the signs 
are that the Prone Minister, 
most Conservative MPs, and, 
not least important, Air Brittan 
himself .are in a mood to tough 
it out. 

. He is a. more resffient non 
than is widely appreciated and 
he must have been fortified at 
Question Time yesterday by 
Mrs- Thatcher’s declaration 
that while there were conflict- 
ing accounts pi the. meeting “I 
fully accept .that my right 
honourable ■ friend’s account is 
the accurate version". She was 
therefore publicly committing 
herself to Mr Britton’s equa- 
tion. . ..I------- 

Presumably sfee foefs that be 
has been unfhiriy tznduced, bra 
she insyb also have hi mind die 
fear that if she were to to* 

another minister -now it might 
look as If die Government was 
beginning-to come apart. 

This consideration is very 

much in the thoughts of* 8°°^ 

many Conservatrce^MFs. On 
the whole they serin to h* 1 * 
reacted 1 : well to his speech “ 
Justification on Wednesday 
evening. Most thought it was at 
least adequate, and some 
considered ft better than that. 

The dang er- for Mr Brittan 
now. - -apart Trom 'any w* 
allegations, is that ftts wboje 
episode could undermine bis 
authority as . a minister- « 







safe 


THE TIMES HUDAY.JANUARY . 17 1986 



jm 

f»TM 

8 

_rJ I 

ta 




> .\U' : :Vv Say Kennedy, Johannesburg 
£*jQie v^zBityfuoig .silence..: of ; the .Praxj^.Maaster’^ , official ofi 
C^ Icabna JopathaDv ?rime : residence in Maseru, the capita!, - mi 
IBreSr. - foT-five hours,- diplomais-poto- A1 

yesterday tiudt' . a ted out .thflt^nothixig ■ had 4«en uc 
jflreup jsrT nnmine nf;. m-. the' heard'frdm^CSief jo nathaw' far tlE 
Wje^^sfcifefcire of'-flie.-fiiy threeidaysL* ' '.v. .>, ~taH 

3aSffi3j’:' - which. 1 is ^v&tuaHy. - Meanwhile Mr/Rqt^“)^“'Ni 
usoef sfefcefrtfin Sodh 7 <fric£ .. Botfca,' fiie Soiith African 
' WhStalMr Desmbnd Sbdsfie, Forelga Minister,' announced in it . 
the Information Minister; was . Ope Town that talk* onbdrder ho 
at pains ' to c mpha s i ze ; the seOrfrty wonM' be held - in ria 
official liofi .that there /had been Pretoria either today or on- all 
no coup -attempt on Wcdnes- .Monday, at the Request "of the'esl 
day, when ' nmts\ of ; Lesotho’s Lesotho" Government.*- r~ n 7 ml 

ParahuBfazy-. Unit, surrounded - = The talks will be at -senior. Fr 


S'«\ 




1 'to 
1 55k; 

-s- jjfi 


Shell Oil singled out for 
anti-apartheid campaign 


' ■ From Christopher Thinma ^ Washington 
. Sh^ Oil is* under attack in - 1 ShdTOQ is angry that it hd*r 

the United States- by ami- - been singled ©nt.- “Using Shell 
apartheid demonstrators. Tens - : Ofl Compahy as a 1 vefc&fe to 
^ thousands -of Shell credit , influence, conffiflons in South 
cards are : being: ceremonially. Africa- is’ inappropriate mid 
strayed, 10 million trade unfair, .“Mr Wflijam XaBeld, a 

sm 'kafiatau' mmnmI .Kw "' Qholl enifili mi— ’ lf Tl>AM 


destroyed, ' 10 million trade 

am 'fca fn lifc * mmoA .law 


: official leveL Mr Botha's .state- 
- ment v. indicated .that .South 
Aftfcawas-$reparcd to settle for 
nothing ness than a formal pact 
ilnd^r" Lesotho ' would 

7 take steps to • outlaw African 
• -National ■ . Congress guerrillas. 

Despite Lesotho's claims , that 
it . gives . shelter, only to ANC 
non-combatant refugees Preto- 
ria is 1 . convinced that it is 
, allowing .. machinery . jo be. 
'established forguerriHa raids 
7 info "the- neighbouring Orange 
Free. ; State. Natal and .the 
Eastern Cape province: 

. In^- terms of size' and- econ^ 
onac • dependence Lesotho, 
which is completely surrounded 
■ by South Africa, is the most 
vulnerable of South- Africa's 
neighbours. .. • . ■ 

. But its strategic location, and 
Chief. Jonathan’s increasingly 
-dose- ties -with Communist 
countries r .both. Moscow apd 
Peking have' - a - diplomatic 
presence. ,in . Maseru - gives 
South Africa the Titters. 



>y.y4 r t y7i..v.vT^ffjji 


m0Mk. 

Iptlll 


W 

■ft; 





OVERSEAS NEWS 


Philippines election campaign 


Opposition activists 
die in hail of bullets 

From Paul Roudedge, Manila 
The Philippines presidential ere, guerrillas and ci vilians have 
election continues its bloody died in the imensiying commu- 
course with the murder of two nist insurgency in Mindanao 
opposition party workers in alone over the past four days. 


Tarlac province, north of the 
capital 


Mr Raul Contreras, spokes- 
man for the Aquino campaign. 


Mr Jercmias de Jesus, aged disclosed that Mr de Jesus bad 
49, chairman of the local received threats to “stop work- 


Phflippines Democratic Party 
(LDP) - Laban Party which 
endorses the candidature of Mrs 


ing for Cory (Mrs Aquino) - or 
else” from aQPCd men 
“All our workers there. 




Colonel .Gadaffi addressing the youth rally In Tripoli at which he said Libya would train 
and arm Arabs for suicide ami terrorist missions. 


Corazon Aquino, and his parti cularly the registration 
driver, Mr Alberto Briones, inspectors, have received the 
died in a hail of bullets. Two same threats”, he went on. 


others in the car were left for 
dead. 


Mr dc Jesus was a prominent 
political figure in the home 


Dissident questioned 
over peace appeal 




riff " " ftTr.m'Tiijr 




The pursur 
focus -of inter 


- From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 
ursuit of peace was the more than 150 dissidents and 
interest, yesterday both their sympathizers concluded: 
Victoria Hotel, in “Since there can be no real 


Pt \djrfj-. 

rri r ’ ff?TT 





in 



m 

m 

S 

iaB 

Qfln 

H 


in the Victoria Hotel, in “Since there can be no real 
Warsaw where 200 foreign peace without regard to human 
intellectuals gathered to hear a rights, we hope that you will 
special message from Mr Mik- join our request for the release 
hail Gorbachov, the Soviet of all prisoners of conscience.” 
leader, - in the JPolish^ secret Although the open letter has 
pohee headquartCTS where a not reached the Congress, a few 
leading dissident. Jacek Kuron, participants to be aware 

was questioned about an open t j ial ^eir presence in Warsaw ' 
letter appealing- for peace with was controversial. A Norwegian , 


human rights. 
The security 


participant, Mrs Eva Nordland, 
told she could not be included 


E9 n 5^. some ho ? 1 ? fefcrc in the list of speakers for some 
World Congress of Intellectuals ^ djstributedher speech 


Austratian croc claims huihan victim 


for Peace settled down to criticizing the sacking of pro- ! 
discussing the future of the fessore and the jailing of writers 
■planet. Mr Knron, who had m poi^d. At least one of the 
been planning a press confer- American participants has ex- 
ence -to publicize an appeal pressed his “regret” in an 
from Poland's dissident com- interview that members of the 


Sydney —Fears that a woman 
who disappeared while paddling, 
in a north Australia creek bad 
been- the victim of a giant 
crocodile were confirmed yes- 
terday with v the discovery’ of 
human remains in a crocodile’s, 
stomach (Stephen * Taylor 
writes). 

Police in Queensland said a 
I5ft' saltwater crocodile which 
had been trapped and-cot open 
contained what is believed tp be 
frn ggrrmik, tocnifls and banes. 


The re mains are thought to 
be those of Mrs Berryl Wruck, 
who was_ wading in a credc with 
friends just before Christmas 
when, according .to . witnesses 
she vanished without a sound. 

Her dmappeanmee prompted 
the Queensland Government 
this weekto move-all crocodiles 
from local rivers to reptile 
fitrms, despite; o^’ectionj' fium 
envinmmeitaiists,. .. A 

Australia's 1 northern rivers 


are the halntat of estuarine 
crocodiles, the -largest and ' most 
fearsome of reptiles. According 
-to the Guinness- Book oj 
Records, .the second 'hugest of 
the species on record, a monster 
of more than 28ft was caught in 
the Norman River in 1 957.. 

.Comparatively .lew people 
have been killed in Australia by 

these creatures, however. Mrs 
W[ruck wrai'lhe sixth crocodile 
victim- since 197Z' 


"munfry, and Mr Janusz Onys- 
Iriewicz, a spokesman for 
Solidarity, were picked up at 
their homes and taken to 


Polish opposition were not 
invited to the discussions. 

It seems unlikely however 


Rakowieka Street, home of the that prisoners of conscience wfll 


secret police. 


figure very much 


■The dissidents were- unhappy discussions of the World Intel - 
about the presence of the lectual Congress. Yesterday the 
international intellectuals, participants listened to an 
whose number included only a ?PP«aL read out by a Sovu?* 
very few prominent Western ’nteUecbiaL from Mr Gorba- 
writers or thinkers, al a time cbov “The intellectual poten- 
when semor univereity - staff tial of humanity should be used 
were being displaced by the to create ^untuaL and material 
authorities and when some 200 ™*e* rather than the invention 
political offenders were still in new methods of destruction, 

j ail -Their, appeal, signed by he - advised the congress. 


Training in 
terror offer 
by Gadaffi 

Tripoli (NYT) - Colonel 
Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, said 
Libya would train, arm and 
protect Arab guerrillas and 
other Arab volunteers for 
“suicide and terrorist mis- 
sions”, and make his country a 
“base for the liberation for 
Palestine”. 

He made the declaration in a 
two-hour speech to 3,000 young 
people at the People's Congress 
building in Tripoli on Wednes- 
day night. 

The speech was an abrupt 
about-face in tone and sub- i 
stance from his remarks in 
recent days. They had been for 
the most part, somewhat 
conciliatory toward the United 
States. 

In interviews and public 
speeches in the past two weeks. 
Colonel Gadaffi has denied 
American assertions that Libya 
was involved in the airport 
massacres in Rome and Vienna 
in which 19 people were killed 
In his speech, however he 
offered Libya as a base of 
operations for terrorist groups 
and suicide sonads 

Ref erring to resolutions 
adopted in recent days by 
Libyan People's Congresses 
and pro-Libyan Arab grasps 
calling for the formation of 
suicide squads, he said: “I 
accept all their decisions”. 


The survivors said their cars province of Benign o Aquino, 
was stopped by a lone gunman husband of the opposition 
dressed m fatigues of the kind contender murdered at Manila 
normally worn by the Govern- airport 1983. 
meat’s paramilitary Civil Home 
Defence Force, which has often 
been accused of random as- 
sassinations of opposition acti- 
vists. 

The murders, which took 
place as the four men were out 
inspecting voter registration 
lists on the day officially set 
aside for that purpose, were 
immediately classified by aides 
of Mrs Aquino yesterday as 
“obviously political” 

Another, unnamed oppo- 
sition worker is said to have 
been killed in nearby Pampanga 
province earlier this week. 

Apart from the campaign 
casualties, more than 20 soldi- 


Libel case MEP blames 
‘occult organization 9 

From Richard Owen, Strasbourg 



M Gustave Pordea. the 
French MEP facing accusations 
about his political allegiance, 
yesterday called for “merciless 
condemnation” of The Sunday 
Times, which published a 
detailed account of the alle- 
gations last month. 

M Pordea, a Romanian-born 
naturalised Frenchman, was 
said to have got M Jean Marie 
Le Pen, the right-wing French 
MEP, to help him obtain a place 
on the National Front list in the 
last European parliamentary 
elections in June 1984. M 
Pordea said that the allegations 
amounted to a “violent and 
low-class attack” on him. 

M Le Pen and M Pordea said 
on Tuesday that they intended 
to sue The Sunday Times and 
Mr Rupert Murdoch, the 
newspaper's proprietor, for libel 
through the British courts. Mr 
Alf Lomas, leader of the British 
Labour group, told the Parlia- 
ment yesterday that The Sun- 
day Times article appeared to 
be “well documented and 
accurate” 


Evidence for The Sunday 
Times allegations came from M 
Le Pen's former wife. But M Le 
Pen said on Tuesday that she 
had retracted her evidence 
subsequently. 

Yesterday M Pordea noted 
here that the Paris newspaper 
Le Matin, which had published 
similar allegations, bad been 
sued successfully in the French 
courts. The Sunday Times 
would also be condemned for 
“journalistic terrorism”, he 
maintained. The article had 
possibly been prompted and 
even paid for by a “powerful 
occult organization'', and was 
“a false report by a despicable 
paper”. Lies remained lies, 
despite “ludicrous plots to 
suppress the truth”, he said. 

Mr Lomas, who had called 
for an inquiry into the alle- 
gations, said he welcomed the 
announcement of an inquiiy by 
the Parliament's credentials 
committee and hoped it would 
report back by the next session 
next month. 


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OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY. 17 1986 


• us response II Russian’s London talks 

Reagan welcome jt 
for Gorbachov’s §£ 
nuclear proposal H 


Geneva meeting I French right’s poll 


From Michael Binyon. Washington 

In a careful statement clearly This is seen here as the result 
icnded to build on the of summit agreement to move 


intended to build on the 
momentum established at the 
Geneva summit. President 
Reagan has welcomed Mr 
Gorbachov's three-stage plan to 
eliminate nuclear weapons, and 
has promised to discuss it 
thoroughly with his Nato allies. 
He made no comment on 
aspects that appear unaccept- 
able to the Administration. 

"I welcome the Soviets' latest 
response, and hope that it 
represents a helpful further step 
in the process”, he said. At first 
glance the offer contains 
elements that might be con- 
structive. 

His statement was released 
swiftly after publication of the 
Soviet leader's proposals, which 
the President had received a few 
hours beforehand through 
diplomatic channels. 

The Administration, eager to 
retain the initiative in the post- 
summit resumption of the 
propaganda banlc. is anxious to 
he seen at home and in Europe 
to be responding positively to 
the latest Soviet proposals. 

Mr Reagan said these clearly 
huilt on US initiatives already 
pm forward, and recalled that 
he himself had called for the 
total abolition of nuclear wea- 
pons in a speech to the Japanese 
Parliament in 1985. 

But as the President and 
other officials have said, there 
were many elements in the 
Soviet plan that were un- 
changed from previous pos- 
itions. and these continued to 
cause serious concern. The 
main sticking point is Moscow's 
precondition that the US should 
halt the development of space- 
based defence, which Mr Rea- 
gan insists is non-negotiable. 

Washington is encouraged, 
however, by what it sees as 
greater Soviet flexibility on 
intermediate range weapons, 
and especially the apparent 
willingness not to count British 
and French missiles in the 
balance. 


forward in areas where pos* 
ilions were closest, regardless of 
the deadlock over such issues as 
the Strategic Defence Initiative. 

The White House spokesman 
also welcomed yesterday Soviet 
movement on the key question 
of clYccivc on-site inspections. 

The latest Soviet plan comes 
dose to the original US “zero 
option'', although it docs not 

apply to missiles in the Asian 
part of the Soviet Union. Mr 
George Shultz, the US Secretary 
of State, said these had to be 
included, and it was not clear 
what the Russians would do 
with the SS20 missiles aimed at 
western Europe. But they 
appeared 10 accept US insist- 
ence that these would be 
destroy cd. 

in response, the Adminis- 
tration is now considering, to 
the anger of right-wingers here, 
a cut of two-thirds in the 108 
Pershing 2 missiles deployed in 
West Germany. 

Mr Shultz voiced the ad- 
ministration's disappointment 
yesterday that the proposals 
were made public before being 
tabled at Geneva, the proper 
forum for negotiations. There 
were lots of boobytraps and 
problems, he said, but the 
proposal was another step in a 
process which he hoped was 
becoming “increasingly con- 
structive''. 

The Administration sees little 
in the Soviet call for the US to 
join in a moratorium on 
underground nuclear tests. It 
regards this as unfair, since 
Moscow has completed its tests 
while the United States still has 
important tests to make on its 
new Midgeiman missiles. 

The Soviet plan for the total 
abolition of all nuclear weapons 
is also seen more as a grandiose 
public gesture than a practical 
negotiating position. Ironically, 
the US itself pul forward just 
such a three-stage proposal in 
1961 





a moderate image 


Africans 
unite 
to fight 
famine 


From Diana Geddes, Paris - 
With two months to go by the Socialists 


" Nairobi - Thtf presidents of 
1982. Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, 
state-. Somalia. Sudan and 


before the French election, the .Privatization of other state- Somalia, Sudan and Uganda 
two main opposition parties, owned companies in the com- formally established an mice. 

the Gaullisi RPR and foe petitivc sector, such as Renault, governmental authority - 
centre-right UDF. yesterday Is relegated to the “long term”, drought and development at a 


unveiled the joint programme 
thei intend to introduce if 
relumed to power on March 16. 
as widely expected. - - 
After months of posturing 
and hard-line demagogic state- 
ments, perhaps the most sur- 
prising thing about the 32-pagc 
manifesto is its moderation. 


thei,. brief summit meeting in m 
pr™LTimSarfy tr&« all faouli(CM « Harm on Mite?). 


Most the region is now free 


amtesto is us mouerauon. \ The moai vi uie icgwu is now tree 

There is no intention, for of the famine threat, thanks™ 

ample, of previous promised remaining exchange controls are pnfld ^ and abundant 


The chief Soviet arms negotiator, Mr Viktor Karpov (right), welcoming his US opposite 
number. Mr Max Kampelman, to the Soviet mission in Geneva yesterday. 


Interim accord possible-Karpov 


From Alan McGregor 
Genera 

Voicing hopes that arms 
control negotiations can now- 
make tangible progress. Ameri- 
can and Soviet delegates 
yesterday embarked on then- 
fourth round of talks on 
strategic, medium-range and 
space weapons. 

Their session at the Soviet 
diplomatic mission here lasted 
tow hours and ID minutes. 
They are expected to meet 
again on Tuesday, at the 
United States diplomatic mis- 
sion. 

To underline M key points" 
for discussion" in the latest 
proposals of Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the chief Soviet 
delegate Mr Viktor Karpov, 
gave an impromtn news confer- 
ence immediately before the 
arrival of the United States 
delegates. “We are prepared to 
talk these over with the US as 


far as we are entitled to", he 
said. 

He emphasized that “in the 
first stage of delivering the 
world from nuclear weapons" 
there could possibly be an 
interim accord on getting rid of 
American and Soviet missiles 
in Europe. 

Asked whether President 
Reagan's Star Wars pro- 
gramme would not obstruct 
this, be said: “It can be reached 
without a direct link to space 
and strategic weapons" - as, he 
added, they had already Indi- 
cated last autumn before 
concluding the third round of 
talks. 

Under such an accord, he 
went on. the US would 
undertake not to deliver new 
missiles and the British and 
French nuclear weapons would 
be frozen at existing levels. 
Soviet SS20s based in Europe 
would be removed, but he did 


not specify if this would apply 
to everything west of the Urals. 

Mr Karpov said the overall 
objective of the first stage of 
the Gorbachov proposals - 50 
per cent cats in strategic 
weapons - “would be and 
example for other nudear- 
vreapons countries as well". _ 

The room used for the press 
conference was the same in 
which some of the November 
summit sessions between Mr 
Gorbachov and Mr Reagan 
were held. Mr Karpov said he 
hoped the more spado us 
accommodation would facilitate 
accommodation of viewpoints. 

The chief US. delegate, Mr 
Max Kampelman,. -replied: 
“The American delegation is 
here in a constructive spirit, 
anxious to find accommo- 
dations and looking to the. day 
when the threat of nuclear war 
can be removed from tin; world 
and from all of our peoples." 


example, of previous promised ■ 
tax cuts of 40 billion franc (£3.2 " 

billion), the expulsion of unem- - Ci 
ploved immigrants, the denatio- - 

realization- of Renault, the 1 

renegotiation of the entry of ml. 

Spain and Portugal into the y 
EEC. the abolition- • of free ' 
abortion, or the return of the also to 
Cnur de surctc dc I 'tiai for the possible, 
summary trial of terrorists and A key 

others deemed prejudicial to the platform 
security of the Slate. in taxes 

On the other hand, the two levies, in 
parties undertake to retain the in .the 
national minimum wage, retire- - deficit, 
ment at 60 on full pension and The 
the basic fabric of the whole makes a 
social security system, including figures ai 
pemsions health, family allow- except to 
ances and unemployment ben- income I 
efit. “Cohabitation” between a - from 60 
left-wing president and a right- the hatec 
wing government might not be by the 
as painful as some have been abolishes 
predicting. . On a 

There are other elements in unemplo 
the manifesto. particularly specific 
concerning the economy, to festo sim 
which the Socialists will take cannot 1 
exception. But nearly all have national 
been watered down from the equdvalei 


Cuts promised. 

in taxes, no 
pledge on jobs 


also to be lifted as soon 


harvests in 1985. But Ethiopia 
and Sudan will still need 
substantial outside help this 
year. 

Perhaps the most significant 
task of the new authority will be 
to co-ordinate research' and to 
develop an "early warning" 
system against drought There 
will be emphasis on preserving 
the environment and stopping 


A key plank of the electoral will be emphasis on. preserving 
platform has been a reduction the environment and stopping 
in taxes and other compulsory the spread of desert - 
levies, in conjunction with a cut __ _ , 

in the ever-growing budget ])()g (11SSOIV6S 
deficit . 

The manifesto no longer millmrV COUlT 
makes any promises as far as J 

figures are concerned, however, Monrovia (AFP) - President 
except to say that ihe maximum Samuel Doe : of Liberia has 


income tax rate will.be reduced dissolved the special military 
from 60 to 50 per cent, and that tribunal and aD its subordinate 


the hated wealth tax introduced tribunals created -under his 
by the Socialists will be former military regime, an 


abolished. - official communique said. 

On one other key -issue. Names of courts prefixed 
unemployment, there are no “people's" had reverted to their 
specific promises. The -mani- original names before ihe coup 


More cautious 
approach on 
privatization 


original names oetore me coup 
festo simply states that new jobs of April 12. 19S0 that brought 
cannot be created without a the then Master-Sergeant Doe 
national growth, rate at least -to power, 
equivalent to that of France's __ « 

main partners, and much f-fnftP; Kffllg tlf*P. 
greater flexibility in the hiring -ff . 


ity in the hiring 


and firing of workers. Govern- - Hong Kong (AFP) - Fourteen 


ment approval will no longer be tourists, including Americans, 
required before laying -' off* Australians and Canadians. 


workers. 


were injured in a fire at a Hoag 


Apart from denationalize- Kong hotel which police said 
tion, the reversal -of three other was started -.deliberately. The 


ultra-liberal statements of some uon, use reversal ot inree omer ^ - ■- 

leaders in the oast important, measures introduced hotel said it was a small fire 

On m privatization. for by the SocUIbb in .invw* »bidi>d «n*d^c mong 
example, which at one time immediate abolition of pro- guestetping to escape down 
looked as if h would be applied porhonal reprobation -. .in stairway. 

S 5SSS33i53S5JSr Romanians flee 


immediate abolition of pro- guests trying to escape down a 
portional representation .in stairway. 


Star Wars 
saved from 


Top Soviet 
official to 


Four days of fighting 


budget cuts visit Britain 


From Christopher Thomas 
Washington 

President Reagan has ordered 
his controversial Strategic De- 
fence Initiative project to be 
spared from wide-ranging Pen- 
tagon budget cuts this year 
which total SI 3.8 billion (£9.6 
billion]. The cuts, marking the 
end of an era of exceptional 
military buildup, will touch 
almost every aspect of the 
military machine except those 
especially dear to Mr Reagan. 

The Pentagon budget had 
risen sharply for six consecutive 
years. The end of the expansion 
has arrived with stunning 
abruptness. 

Only by heavy cost cutting 
has the military been spared 
personnel reductions or wage 
curbs. 

Aitough Star Wars is to be 
spared, the programme's orig- 
inal timetable is still in trouble. 

Project leaders blame re- 
peated congressional refusals to 
gram the full Star Wars budget 
request. Congress appropriated 
S2.76 billion (£1.9 billion) for 
1 Q 86. SI billion less than 
sought. 

* Under the new deficit- 
reduction legislation, the Penta- 
gon must make spending cuts of 
-1.9 per cent this year. Mr 
Robert Helm, the Pentagon 
C omptroller, said that Congress 
had already cut so deeply into 
the Star Wars effort that Mr 
Reagan feared further red utions 
would jeopardize future experi- 
ments. 

He gave a warning that the 
Pentagon cuts would mean that 
the United Slates would not be 
as ready to go to war as it would 
like. 


By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 
Mr Nikolai Ryzhor. a Soviet 
deputy Foreign Minister, is doe 
in London on Monday for talks 
with senior Foreign Office 
officials on a range of bilateral 
issues. 

It will be the highest-level 


Pragmatist gains upper hand 
as Moscow’s friends fall out 


first year of the right's return to 
power, the two parties now 
adopt a much more cautious 
approach. 

The manifesto commits them 
to denationalizing “over the 
lifetime of Parliament” (nor- 
mally five years), banks, in- 
surance companies, financial 


secu rity o f teoure^tennants; | Belgrade (Reuter) -.About 


and repeal of the 1984 law on 1 2.000^ Soviet bloc *£££ 


press monopolies. 
Far-reaching 


sought asylum in Yugoslavia 
to last year, more than half of 


"liberalize" the audio- visual them Romanians fleeing harsh 
sector arealso proposed, indud- living' conditions in their 


lifetime of Parliament” (nor- mg the privatization of: two of homeland, according . to UN 
mally five years), banks, in- the three state-owned, television figures, 
su ranee companies, financial channels and an end to all direct , .. 

istitutions and the six big of indirect state involvement in MflluS ' ^DUSGfl 
industrialized groups natinalzed radiobroadcasting. - T I 


By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 


As the fighting between rival 
factions in South Yemen began 
fo subside yesterday. Western 
analysts were trying to assess 
the long-term political impact 
of the coup attempt on a 
country which has been the 


immediately be confirmed. 

If these reports are con- 
firmed, it would appear that 


lack of economic support for 
South Yemen from its socialist 
allies, had also shown interest in 


Big cut in 
Israel 


Peking lifts 
its grain 


Jakarta (Reuter) - Indonesia 
announced moves aimed at 
cutting the number- of maids 
working in Saudi Arabia after 
reports-, that, some .had been 
mistreated and sexually abused 
by their Arab employers. 


President Ali Nasser Muham- improving ties with the West 
mad. who is said to have been and conservative Arab states. 


inflation rate price offers Pilots grounded 


wounded in the fighting, has Finally, Mr Ismail took the 


neutralized the leadership of the leadership, in 1978, and soon 


V ni £ n ' s f£ u ? ches 1 l aU >‘ pro-Moscow faction . Theorcti- afterwards' 


Ihe two countries since the 
expulsion of 31 alleged Soviet 
spies from London last Sep- 
tember and the expulsion of 31 
British diplomats and journal- 
ists from Moscow In reprisal. 

The question of filling the 
naps left by those who were 
expelled will be one snbject Mr 
Ryshov will discuss with his 
host Mr Derek Thomas, the 
Foreign Office's political direc- 
tor. 

Both governments have al- 
ready replaced several of those 
who were ordered out. Other 
visa requests are pending. 

It is possible that Ryzhov 
will also raise arms control 
issues, in preparation for the 
talks which Mr Eduard She- 
vardnadze. the Soviet Foreign 
Minister, is to have with Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, in London later this 
year. A date has not been fixed. 


in the Arab world for almost 
two decades. 

The events of the past four 
days are still unclear. The 
intensity of the fighting, in 
which aircraft tanks and artil- 
lery were used, has meant that 
most communications with the 
outside world have been cut. 

It would appear, however, 
that the fighting is the result of a 
struggle within the ruling 
Yemen Socialist Party (YSP) 
between the “moderate” faction 
in power, led by President .Ali 
Nasser Muhammad, and an 
"extremist" group led by a 
former President, Mr Abdui- 
Fattah IsmaiL 

President Ali Nasser Muham- 
maed. aged 49, succeeded Mr 
Ismail in 1980. Since then he 
has tried to loosen South 
Yemen's lies with Moscow 
while at the same time improv- 
ing relations with the country's 
conservative Arab neighbours, 
notably the oil-rich pro-western 
Saudi Arabia. United Arab 


economic. 


rally this should leave him free cultural and military agree- 


to pursue the more pragmatic ments with Moscow. He re- 


- From Ian Murray 
Jerusalem 

Israel's runaway inflation is 
being brought under control. 


FVomMaryLoe 

Peking 


JKftSS. *E*±*2S demands 


Khartoum (AFP) - Sudan 
Airways pilots ended, a week- 
long strike in support of 


policies that his Government signed two years later and was 


Figures for 1985 show a sharp 
fall in the rate at which prices 


has been following for five 
years. 

But South Yemeni politics 
have never been that straight- 
forward, as the territory's 


replaced by Mr Ali Nasser 
Muhammed, who had been 
Prime Minister. 

After four years in Moscow, 
Mr Ismail returned to Aden in 


former British administrator are time for a meeting of the YSP's 
only wdl aware. Personality and supreme council, at which he 


tribal differences have also been was elected a member of an 


important in the succession of enlarged politburo. 


power struggles since the terri- That meeting appears to have 


fall in the rate at which prices 
rose from the moment Govern- 
ment introduced a prices and 
wages freeze last August 
In the first seven months of 
the year the consumer price 
index rose by 150 per cent 
roughly 14 per cent a month. In 
the last five months it only rose 
by a total of 14 per cent 
Had the austerity programme 


higher prices -for contracted 
grain while asking those prov- 
inces producing insufficient 
grain for.fheir populations to fill 
their needs by buying from 
other areas at negotiated prices. 

The oufines of the govern- 
ment plan to revive enthusiasm 


management 


changes but were unable to fly 
anywhere because of another 
strike by technical staff. - 


Boxer charged 


Mexico City (AP) — The 
former world bantamweight 


ment plan to revive enthusiasm former world bantamweight 
for grain growing were revealed champion, Ruben Olivares, has 
yesterday in newspapers which been arrested and accused of 


published a .speech by Vice- stealing about £180 and two 
premier. Tian Juyun at a rural pistols. He denies the charges. 


lory gained independence from sown the seeds for the present J pot been introduced last year's 


Britain in 1967. 


conflict. Several other hardlin- 


Most of the leading figures in crs . . were also restored to 
the present dispute were mem- of power from which 


work conference fast month. . m ' . 

, The drop of 27 million tons frpw miQCIIlf* 
in last vearis harvests - due as UCn Alliaaillg 


ben of the National Liberation ,he >’ *»8an *° P** 5 ? for a return 
Front, the organization which to pro-Soviet policies. 


seized power after Britain was 
forced out of its former colony 
of Aden and the surrounding 
.Arabian protectorates. 


The Soviet role in the present 
internecine fighting is not clear, could be as low as 25 per cent ' about 380 muuon tons, is more 
Although Mr Ismail and his Mr Yitzhak Modal, the enough io_ feed the. one 
supporte r s had close links- with Finance Minister, refused in a Millio n population, but the 
Moscow, it b by no means television interview to say that growing lack of interest in grain, 
certain that their rebellion had the inflation problem had been emuvation has given economic 
Soviet backing. Some diplomats solved. “The truth is that the reform attics a useful stick with 
believe that President Ali time has been too short. All I which to beat its proponents. 
Nasser Muhammad's attempts can say is that the change of [dr Tan outlined rural 
to improve South Yemen's ties direction shows positive signs”, policies for 1986. As well as 


Mr Ismail, the party’s leading ^t their rebellion had 

theoretician, was responsible for Soviet backing. Some diplomats 
i nr overthrow in 1969 of South believe * « *« 


Details of the latest Soviet notably the oil-rich pro-v 
proposal for the elimination of Saudi Arabia. United 
unclear weapons by the year Emirates and Oman. 
2000 were 'Presented to the Mr Ismail, who was fo 
Foreign Office by Mr Viktor resign for -health ^aso 
Popov, the Sot let Ambassador. |Qg 0 ^ spent four V( 
on U ednesday night. exile in ^ Soviet Union 

A Foreign Office spokesman returning to South Ymi 
said the proposals contained autumn he had been p 
"new elements which will for restoration of the 
require full and careful study”. Soviet. anti-Western i 


inflation was on course far a * n ksl year’s harvests — due as ® 

total of almost 400 per cent. In much to flood and drought as to 1 Gy on Spain (Reuter) - 
the event the a m uwf rate was wilfid switching from grain to CoMtguajxU were searching for 
“only" 185.2 per ccnL If the' more profitable cultivation — three missing crew of a cargo 
present trend can be maintain^ has' become a political issue, ship that sank in a. storm, in the 
the inflation rate for this year Observers say the 1985 harvest. Bay of Biscay. One man died 
could be as low as 25 per cent •' about 380 million tons, is more after being rescued.- ?• - 

Mr Yitzhak Modai, the tea? enough io feed the. one in A 
Finance Minister, refused in a ^° . lt population, but the oPOlTllljS CIIsUlCC 
television interview to say that growmg lack of interest in grain. - Tb ;_, 

the inflation problem had been cultivation, has given economic 

solved. “The Truth » ihflt the reform attics a useful stick with national Olympic Committee 


Three killed in Spanish 
motorway gun battle 


From Richard Wigg. Madrid 


Mr Ismail, who was forced to 
resign for “health reasons” in 
1980. had spent four years in 
exile in the Soviet Union. Since 
returning to South Ymen last 
autumn he had been pressing 
for restoration of the pro- 
Soviet. anti-Western policies 
that the country' had followed 
during (he 1970s. 

According to reports from 
Aden. South Yemen's capital. 
Mr Ismail was executed soon 
after the coup attempt on 
Monday. Several other hardlin- 
ers were also reported killed or 


Ttemens fim head of state. Nasser Muhammad’s attempts 
President Qahtan al-Shaabi, to improve South Yemen's lies 
«hen he showed signs of tihing ^ neighbours may have 


President 


reform critics a. useful stick with 
which to beat its proponents.- ! 

Mr Tian outlined rural 
policies for 1986. As well as i 


towards the West. 

Mr Ismail was also behind 


had unofficial Soviet support. 

So far the Soviet Union. 


Two big problems arc loom- pressing local authorities to take 
mg and must be faced if the more responsibility for feeding 


has been nominated for the 
1986 Nobel Ffcace . Prize for 
bringing nations from -all over 
the world together in peace. 


the coup which toppled Mr ai- which has extensive naval and 


Shaabi's successor. Mr Salem 
Ruhayi .Ali, in 1978. President 
Rubayi .ALL. disappointed at the 


military facilities in South 
Yemen, has remained silent on 
the bloody power struggle. 


Govenuneut’s is - to stay on 
target. The first is the national 


the people, each province will 
also have to provide more grain 


Pop musi c ban 


negotiations with the Histadut I Io meet demand 


Three suspected members of in San Sebastian in February I executed. They included Briga- 


an ETA Basque separatist group 
which has been attacking 
French lorries passing through 
the Basque region of Spain have 
been killed by the paramilitary 
Civil Guard on the motorway 
outside San Sebastian, near the 
French frontier. 

Two young men and a young 


dier Ali Ahmad Nasser An tar. a 


Eyewitnesses said that the former Minister of Defence and 
three, all in their twenties and Deputy Premier, Mr Ali Salim 


from San Sebastian - a plumb- al-Bid. Minister of Local Ad- 
er, a student and a housewife - ministration, and Mr Ali Sbayi, 
had been shot in the head. Hath a leading member of the 


The Cm! Guard was on an I YSP. 


Hath a leading member of 


French frontier. alert on the motorway in Latest reports said that the 

Two young men and a young anticipation of further attacks four were still alive and taking 
woman ’ were said to have on French property after two part in talks with President Ah 
refused to halt when challenged incidents on Tuesday: a bomb Nasser Muhammad yesterday, 
by two patrols of the Civil exploded under a French lorry But the reports could not 


by two patrols of the Civil 
Guard special anti-terrorist unit 
after they were seen shooting at 
a French lorry minutes before. 
The Civil Guard said that the 
patrols had acted in self-defence 
when the suspected terrorists 
fired at them. The lorry driver 
was unhurt. 

One of the three pistols which 
the trio possessed was identified 
yesterday by police as coming 
(rom a spectacular haul 
obtained by ETA in a daylight 
raid on a Basque police barracks 




labour federation, which, will 
fight to maintain the traditional 
automatic linkage between price 
and wage rises. The Govern- 
ment largely blames this index-, 
ation for causing inflation in the 
first place. 

The second problem is that 
the United States is likely to cut 
its aid to Israel as pan of its 
efforts to reduce its own budget 
deficit. Israel relies heavily on ; 
US aid to balance its budget, i 
and any substantial cut might 
have to be compensated by new, 
inflationary taxes. 


To ensure that grain fanners 
do not become disadvantaged, 
however the second policy 
requires rural industry to 
support agriculture, and says 
that attention should be paid to 
producing food for people and 
livestock. 

Another policy will adjust the 
amount of .grain produced for 
the state (“contract purchases") 
and increase the amount which 
may be sold freely. 


Belgrade (AP) - Bulgaria has 
; banned "decadent" Weston 
and other pop music, from its 
450 discos, the Yugoslav.news 
agency reported from Sofia. 


Monk jailed 


Bordeaux (AFP) - A former 
mercenary,. Pieire Rbuart, aged 
46, who became a probationer 
in a monastery at Perigueux. 
was sentenced to .a. year in 
prison for stealing arid selling its 


Algeria votes 


MEPs deeply divided on 


Algiers (Reuter) - Nearly II 
million Algerian voters went to 
the polls in a referendum on 


Abdnl-Fattah Ismail: led 
pro-Moscow group. 


Ali Nasser Muhammad; 
Ties with Arab neighbours. 


■Sj? x '•‘r vott m. 


From Richard Oweiij Stentjiimg - -- 

.te 1 S3? There werc widcsprcado^K- 


tions to the report’s recommen- 
dation that since the EEC was 


parked at the Iron customs post 
and an explosion badly dam- 
aged the showrooms of a 
Peugeot car dealer in San 
Sebastian. 

The killings led to demon- 
strations by several hundred 
people yesterday in Renteria. 


Kohl cautious on projects with France 


of ^ spenSng£5. VbSfliem aiTsSoriBg 

shows Policy growing agricultural surpluses. 


seacral agree- _ expanded to offload foe sur- 


The killings led to demon- From Frank Johnson should commit themselves tc 
sirations by several hundred Bonn foe various grandiose plans fa 

people yesterday in Renteria. President Mitterrand of Franco-German co-operation io 
near foe motorway, and a call France and Chancellor Kohl of fkfrnce and aerospace e manat' 
for a general strike today in San West Germany, had one of their ingfrom Paris. 

Sebastian by various left-wing frequent meetings yesterday, yenue was designed tc 

groups close to ETA with foe German side wonder- emphasize foe importance ol 


should commit themselves to rand's dearest wishes: West issues as the United States 
foe various grandiose plans for German participation m foe Strategic Defence Initiative, 
Franco-German co-operation in French Hermes project for a which France flatly opposes and 
defence and aerospace e manat- manned space shuttle. - about which West Ge rman y js 

ing from Paris. The Chancellor volunteered ambiguous. 

The venue was designed to no opinion on it. When asked, Thm _ 

emphasize foe importance of he sajdP'We discussed Hermes. _ .M» e sugge stwm ^ greater 


Some 30 suspected ETA ing, privately, whether there 
members have been killed in could be many of them. 


m^t be - foe trorid^ Mr 

ToLman turned down a strategy 

BriShMF^ ftfKrtiK ' of either ^ for “ 

who had ' Product or ouotas on products 

such as cereals. 


these plans. The two men met but did not come w- any p ""T' 3 tf^n 1 TrT J wu7 L ,.- L “T L . ,*• 
at Baden-Baden, headquarters conclusion. It was not a major de nz0 ? strat<; 


gun battles wifo foe Civil Goard I The Germans have no idea 


DAVID ROBERTS R.A. 

THEHOLYLAND 

PRIlfTS IN ORIGINAL COLOUR 


and foe police in foe past! how long M Mitterrand will be 


of foe 47,000-siro: 
forces stationed in 


! French theme." For his part, M 
(cst Ger- Mitterrand said that France's 


about which West Germany is sumxHtl foT v 2 “reals, 
ambiguous. Tohmln, of Dai ? e Shdagh Roberts (Cod- 

The soggestioia for greater Sf ‘TlS S 

French attemp t to de monstrate jw-mflneiioed *y would distort woridtradc and 

jh= &nnmg k>bb/\ u one put top, Gtt 


to the West Ge rman* xhat at 
least some of foe Federal 


decade. 


conducting French foreign pol- 


Tbe Ci vi Guard action comes icy after his party, as expected, 
-at a delicate moment, with the loses its majority in foe 


IWUJ aiuuuutu Ul **ML UU- LIUUaiAUU M1U UUU i. iAUM. > VJ j. f . 

many. position was well-known, and 1 

But foe uncertainty was also foe decision now lay wifo foe Uni^Sta^^ 60 ” 80 ' ™ ** 


made obvious by foe rather Chancellor. 


- wuiiut woqy , as one put disrupt Gart (General- Agree- 

Tfae vnfa nnc itx c— . ment on Tamils and Trade) 
The vote wis 1 14 for ^ l6g aeg0 ^ on ^ ^ Fran5 Amines- 


Tub Cwmoisssur Gaiety 

14/15 Hafldn Arcade 
London SW1XBJT 
Trt 01-2456*31 


Basque autonomous govern- National Assembly in March. 
,ment and the central govern- This uncertainty they undoubt- 
incat in Madrid locked in a edly shared with foe French 


cautious tone which Herr Kohl. But there do not appear to 


in*L with ussuiuiuuns. rur rrans ahui*w 

sec, foe EEC Farm -Com- 
t “issioner, urged. Parliament ip 


in particular, adopted at a joint have been any important 
mess conference towards foe disagreements. The two men 


dispute over foe future powers officials present yesterday, 
of foe police and security' forces Bui for the Germans it raises 
in the Basque region. foe problem of how far they 


detail of the co-operation. met iz nines last year, ay aoout wnoever wm make, or mhu- voted in favour * 1’ 

He was still unable to commit foe middle of the year differ- ence. French policy after foe Conservatives *S3Ii3i FSS 
himself to one of M Miner- races had emerged over such elections. MEPsma!*£;nW^ flntlsl1 


met 12 times last year. By about whoever will make, or influ- 


But the West Germans do not proceedims €ndorse fo* '(^fomissfori's own 

know what foe attitude to the anbetteEEC wm 5*°^ proposals,., which com- 

United States win be oi I2inein£t -*3* bol <*fo£ down prioes wifo 

whoever wiH make, or influ. ^foary • I, an attemot to Inv^ra femet* 


MEPs iu abstaining 


bine holding down prices wifo 
an att empt to involve fean**® 
m the post of disposing of 
surpluses through a “co*®- 
.sppnsibility" levy, . . 



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THE TIMESTRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


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inconsistency in US 



Senator Etiwaitt Kennedy’s visit 
to Chile, which coded yester- 
day, raised the hackles of some, 
the -hopes of others, and 
spotlighted- Washington’s in - 
creasmgiy amhtgir/ous relation- 
ship with President Pinochet's 
mflitary regime, 

Mr Kennedy’s visit was part 
of a tour of several Latin. 
American Countries, most of 
which have .recently established 
or /consoli d ated democratic 
government. 

On his arrival on Wednesday 
a crowd of about 200 people, 
carrying enlarged photographs 
of Mary Jo Kqpechne and 
wearing rubber rings labelled 
“Chappaquiddick” around their 
necks - a reference to the young 
woman who drowned at Chap- 
paguiddick in Massachusetts m 
1969 - attacked cars enteri ng or 
leaving the airport, ostensibly 
looking for Mr Kennedy. 

Police did nothing to control 
the crowd, and several promi- 
nent opponents of President 
Pinochet received mino r injur- 
ies. 

An assistant to Mr Kennedy, 
Mr Gregory Craig, said he had 
information indicaring that the 
Government had organized the 
demonstration, which eventu- 
ally forced the Senator to go 
into Santiago in -a police 
helicopter. 

Mr Kennedy said the purpose 
of his visit was to express his 
“support for the . efforts of 


EtomlAfaSagaxig,S^ 


responsible, groups to seek a 
peaceful transition to' democ- 
racy in Chile." 

Me would be happy to lift the 
Kennedy Amendment - legis- 
lation that prohibits arms sales 
to Chile by US firms >’ at the 
first sign of an improvement in 
human rights, he said. ...L 
. He was not in Chile as an 
official, government representa- 
hyft,T. ; bnt oppostion leaders 
interpreted his visit as -a sign 
that US leaders are re-evaluat- 
ing their country’s stance in 
light of political developments 

The US role in planning and 
supporting the 1973 military 
coup was weU-documented “by 
the American Congress in the 
early seventies. 

Until his recall towards the 
end of last year, the fhitp-gti 
oppostion viewed the US 
A m b a ss a dor in Ch j l f y Mr James. 
Theberge, as “the fifth member 
ofthe military junta" because 
his opinions were so rim Ha r to 
those of the Government. 

That image changed when Mr 
Theberge was replaced by Mr 
Harry Barnes, with his open 
attitude and outspoken defence 
of democracy 

Opposition groups have 
praised this change in style but 
are quick to criticize the l ack of 
consistency ; betweeu US .words 
and actions. . Washington’s 
support for the constitution 
drawn up by the regime in 1980 
is a case in point. 


US—Nicaragua talks sought 



take Contadora line 

From John Carim, Guatemala City 

In an apparent distancing Rica, say that jt is not only 
froth . Washington, all five Washington that must ma*c 
Central American governments concessions. They insist on an 
have staled their resolve to back end to the Soviet-Cuban invol- 
a call from the Contadora cement in Nicaragua and 
Group for a more independent also on the Sandinistas to stop 
line towards US policy in the providing El Salvador’s left 
region. wing guerrillas with what 

Last weekend the foreign President Duarte this week 
ministers of the Contadora called “an operation centre”, 
nations - Mexico, Colombia, Most significant, it is widely 
Panama and Venezuela - met in felt is titisCentral. American 
the Venezuelan town of Cara- consensus on the need for the 
balleda m an effort to breathe US to talk to Nicaragua. On 
bfe into what many perceive to Wednesday, President Ortega, 
be amonbund peace initiative. • of Nicaragua, reiterated an 
with the active support of invitation made late last year to 
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and President Reagan to visit 
Peru, the Contadora Group put Nicaragua. . .t 

out what has become known as “We’ll even ailow Resident 
uie Carabaheda Dcclarationi Reagan in without a visa,” 

Presidner Ortega said, smiling, 
'and added, beaming'' broadly: 
[ “But also without his tropps.” 
He was muring in Guatemala 
City after meeting the . president 
of Guatemala, 1 EL Salvador, 
Panama and Colombia, a most 
unusual event organized by the 
newly installed Guatemalan 
President, Sehor Vmirio Cere- 
zo, whose inanguration on 
Tuesday the presidents had 
attended. 

President Cerezo, who now 
leads the most genuinely inde- 
pendent - maligned Central 
American, nation, has been 
This reiterates Contadora’ s central to : the promotion of 
opposition to foreign military what appears to be a new 
intervention, calls implidty for independent spirit among the 
the disbanding of the US- region’s governments, 
backed Contra rebels, and It was he who declared in his 
insists on the need for nego- inaugural speech that the 
tiations between, the US and Central Americans should work 
the Nicaraguan Government out their problems “on their 
which the Controls are attempt- own”. He then put forward the 
ing to overthrow. idea of a regional presidential 

Washington has made abun- summit later this year in the 
dandy dear in recent months Guatemalan town of Esquipu- 
that it considers Nicaragua a las, a wen-known Christian 
“ terrorist ” state and that bflate- shrine on the borders with 
raltalksare out ofthe question. Honduras and EL Salvador. 

To the delight of the Conta- it appeared after Wednes- 
dora governments, however, the day's meeting that the five 
foreign ministers of the five Central American governments 
Central American nations - had all agreed to take part in the. 
Guatemala, El Salvador, Hon- proposed summit 
duras, Nicaragua and Costa A call was made by President 
Rica -all signed a statement in Cerezo for the creation of a 
Guatemala City this week Central American response, but 
expressing their support for diplomats are sceptical that the 
“The aims and principles” of region’s governments will be 
the CarabaDeda Declaration. able to muster the resources. 
Of course, the US allies, El and the political will, to go 
Salvador, Honduras and Costa through with the idea. 



Soviet scientists’ pay to 
depend on performance 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


P i> 

r ri r»H t 

it.** j 1 


In a novel attempt to help 
bridge the wide technology gap 
between East and West, the 
Soviet Union is planning to 
introduce ah 'incenlivfrbased . 
wages system designed to 
improve the performance of 
scientists, technologists, and 
industrial designers. . 

The d ecision to scrap the 
present system, under which 
wages for employees In the him 
technology field are determined 
solely by academic degree and 
length of service, is understood 
to have been approved person- 
ally by Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, 
the Soviet leader, who is 

pledged to streamlining the 

sluggish Soviet economy. 

The existence of the new 
scheme, which was agreed at a 
recent meting of the Commu- 
nist Party Central Committee, 
was disclosed in the latest 
edition of the weekly LMemtur- 
naya Gozeteu 

Western diplomats wen; 
examining de tails of the plan 
closely yesterday because many 
believe it may provide the 
model for other industries, in 
*hich Mr Gorbachov is hoping 
to improve performance greatly 
without restoring -to experi- 
ments which stray too dose to 
principles of the market 


economy. ' 

Under the scheme, redun- 
dancies of frto'lOper cent ofthe 
total scientific work force are 
envisaged. This is also a novel 
proposition m a country where 
fall employment is guaranteed 
under the constitution. 

‘Those who do not work or 
who work badly, regardless of 
their titles or length of service, 
will be shifted to positions they 
deserve,” the article said. 

Almost 90 percent of Soviet 
designers and technologists and 
all. members of the prestigious 
Academy of Sciences -will be 
affected. The wage of a scientist 
with a degree will now depend 
on the results of his labour, the 
effectiveness of his researches, 
their scientific and economic 
importance and his personal 
impact in securing the realiza- 
tion of his ideas,” explained Mr 
V. D. Kharin, a senior official 
from the State Committee on 
Labour and Social Problems. 

Mr Kharin added: . “The aim 
of the new system is to get rid of 
all the lazy people and to pay 
more to those who are talented 
and ready to work hard ... At 
the first stage of this system 
there will be certain difficulties 
with finding occupations for 
those who are dismissed.” 


■ Opposition leaders and many 
independent lawyers see it-as a- 
form of making military control 
permanent, but the US sees it as 
a blueprint for a gradual 
transition to democracy. 

“If they think that this 
constitution is the basis for a 
transfer to democracy they are 
wrong, and we have been trying 
to convince them of that,” said 
Sehor Gabriel Valdes, president 
of the largest political grouping, 
the moderate Christian Demo- 
cratic Party. Like ail political 
parties, it was outlawed after the 
1973 coup. 

Sehor Sergio Bitar, a minis ter 
in the AUende Government 
who lived for many years in the 
US, said: T think that recently 
(the Americans), have perceived 
that Pinochet is not willing to 
give up bis power, so they are 
moving towards" a position 
where they will play two horses. 

“(They are saying) *1 don’t 
want to be against the military 
government, and I don’t want 
to be- against the opposition’. 
This is a very ambiguous 
position.” - 

Senor Bitar believes the 
primary concern of the US is 
not a return to democracy, but 
rather the defence of its 
considerable economic interests 
in- Chile. About $7 billion (£4.8 
billion) of its S22 billion foreign 
debt is owed to American 
banks. 



Soviet-Japanese territorial dispute 

Hint of progress on 
Kurile islands 


From David Watts, Tokyo 


Mrs Nanuli Shevardnadze (left), wife of the Soviet Foreign Minister, trying on a traditional 
" Japanese kimono in Tokyo, where she is accompanying her husband. 


Columbia landing delayed 24 hours 


The space shuttle Columbia, 
which was launched 25 days 
late after seven delays, was told 
tyesterday to postpone its 
landing for 24 hours until this 
morning, because of bad 
weather at the Kennedy Space 
Centre. 

Ground controllers had de- 
rided only on Tuesday to cut 
short Columbia’s five-day 
scientific mission by a day and 


From Mohsin Ali, Washington 

bring ft bade yesterday morn- 
ing because of a good weather 
forecast at the landing site.. . 

They had also hoped that an 
early landing would give 
engineers more time to prepare 
for Colombia’s next mission, 
which is scheduled for March 
6, and thereby help Nasa to 
maintain a tight schede, which 
galls four 15 shuttle launches 
this year. 


This has already been 
because the Challenger 
shuttle will now blast off on 
January 25 instead of the 
original target of January 22. 
On board will be Sharon 
McAnliffe, a school teacher. 
The mission had a great 
success on Sunday when the 
astronauts launched a £50 
mill i nn (£35 million) telecom- 
munications satellite for RCA 


Japan has warned the Soviet 
Union that if relations are to 
develop between the two coun- 
tries there must be a solutions 
of the dispute over the northern 
Kurile Islands. 

The Japanese Foreign Minis- 
ter. Mr Shin taro Abe, told Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, his 
Soviet opposite number, over 
dinner last night that the 
Japanese people were behind 
their Government in demand- 
ing the return of the islands and 
“we hope you will make 
constructive moves towards 
solving this problem". 

The Foreign Ministry have 
said after the dinner that the 
two sides had agreed in the final 
ministerial sessions to work on 
a joint communique between 
the two ministers. This appears 
to indicate progress on the 
territorial question which had 
dogged relations between the 
two countries since the War. 
The Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man, however, would not 
elaborate. 

The islands - Etrofu. 
Kunashiri, Shikolan and the 
Habomais - were taken by the 
Russians at the end of the 
Second World War. The Soviet 
Union later said they would be 
returned when a peace treaty 
was signed. But in recent years, 
Moscow had denied that there 
is any unresolved territorial 
questions. 

It is likely that Moscow had 
now agreed to reopen the 
question of the islands. Though 
this is merely a ret ur n to the 


status quo ante, it will be seen 
by the Japanese as an important 
development. 

Before the arrival of Mr 
Shevardnadze the Japanese side 
said that there would be no 
communique if there was no 
progress to report on the 
question ofthe islands. 

Mr Shevardnadze said at the 
dinn er “Even more important 
than the. feet that the substance 
of the conversations has been 
very satisfactory.” 

The two sides agreed on the 
resumption of consultations at 
foreign minister level, broken 
off after the 1978 meeting. Mr 
Abe, who renewed an invitation 
to Mr Mikhail Gorbachov to 
visit Japan, will go to Moscow 
this year, and Mr Shevardnadze 
is expected to return in 1987. 

The Japanese, however, re- 
jected Soviet proposals for a 
long-term economic agreement, 
saying that conditions were not 
right 

In his dinner speech Mr 
Shevardnadze outlined the 
substance of Moscow’s new 
nuclear disarmament proposals 
announced by Mr Gorbachov. 
Responding to Japanese re- 
quests for the withdrawal of 
SS20 missiles east of the Urals, 
Mr Shavardnadze said that 
their number had been frozen. 

As soon as the number of 
missiles feeing the Soviet Union 
“from this part of the world 
goes down, the number of 
missiles in the eastern part of 
our country wfll be reduced," he 
stated. 



Shaw Carpets pic mill at Darton, near The cheapest source of enem y 

Barnsley produces 400,000 square metres of British coal costs less than other fuels. And the 

carpeting every week. This means large quantities NCB intends to make sure coal prices remain competitive, 
of steam are necessary for the dyeing process and World-bearing technology 
for space heating. British coal leads the world in combustion 

Facing fuel costs of over £1 million a year, the technology and methods of coal and ashhandHng. To 
companycommissioned a feasibility study that coal supph^foere is a nationwide network of 

showed this figure could be substantially reduced distributors who are strategically situated to gi ve 
by switdfing fioni feel oil to coal. advice and provide an efficient service to industry. 

. B t° ne ^ t “i™^ >bems,rered: Real Tte in the coal 

the capital cost ofthe chang . industry is demonstrated by the extension of the 

This problem was solved by installing boiler coa j j^ring grant scheme until at least June 1987. 
modules. These are a breakthrough in W\ The current limit of £75 million on 
coal-fired boiler packages, providing total m ' 
flexibility as they can be installed with a 
variety of boiler types, ratings and come singly 
or in multiples to meet 
individual requirements. 

They are delivered on-site 
in three sections, fee boiler, the housing 
and fee bunker. Construction and installation 
work is fast and easy and all fee user has to 

provide are fee necessary service connections. 

The supplier retains ownership of fee module, 
freeing the customer from heavy capital investment. 

Water and steam are simply bought on a metered 
basis. In the case of Shaw Caipets, four Associated 
Heat Services Energy Capsules, fitted wife horizontal 
Shell boilers rated at 16,000 lb/hour of steam, will use 
about 14,000 tonnes of washed singles coal per year. 

Most vital of all was a significant cut in fee 
company’s annual feel bill. Shaw Caipets have 
joined feat growing sector of British Industry who 
have proved feat converting to British Coal turns 
fed costs into profits. 


total grants has been lifted* This scheme, 
with the backing of European loans, creates a 
really attractive financial package* 

A final word from Malcolm Edwards, 
Commercial Director of NCB: 'We intend to 
jk keep British coal competitive and by 
reducing our costs retain attractive 
differentials* This is good news for all our 
customers* Let us talk - we can do 
business together." 

**' 1 S?rfir' Tt ^ i n ^* Tna rinn plCTar fill in the coupon anri sf aid,. 

J it to fee Industrial Branch. Marketing Depart m ent, n 

I National Coal Board, Hobart House, Grosvenor Place, Loitoon SW1X 7AE. iUt 

| Name — — 

| Company 

| Address 




THERE'S NEVER BEEN A , 

better hme^oconj/erho BmrjsH coal J 



THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 1 7- 1 986 




1. A starting price of £5,510. p| 


2 . Excellent resale value. 


3. 12,000 mile major service 
intervals. 


B 






\ 

i 


. THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 1 7 1986 


J 



YOU GET THEM ALL IN THE CITROEN BX. 

• ' ‘o* icoc rctM m ICTK RK lfiTHS AUTOMATIC Ifi07 q BX 1718) {DIESEL} £6460, BX19RD (DIESEL) £6909, BX 19DTR <D1ES£LI X7724. SX 19GT £7946. ESTATES BX16RS£7?17.BX19TRS£8383.BX19RDIDJESEL)I7740 PRICES CORRECT AT TIME Of GCNNC TO PRESS AMD INCLUDE CAP TA/, 








THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1 986 


SPECTRUM 


Star wars to HSiSSilii 




v : - - • 

• '' ."•'.V.' 






save our 


kp§B|| 


• Famous names from the showbusiness world are 
putting their weight behind the conservation drive as 
Britain turns into a nation of outdoor converts. 

• In the past 1 5 years membership of the National Trust 
has risen from 3 1 5,000 to 1.3 million, the Royal Society for 
the Protection of Birds from 98,000 to 466,000, while the 
Ramblers’ Association has doubled to 44,000. 

• Since the passage of the 1981 Wildlife and Countryside 
Act the environment has also found itself promoted to the 
first division of political preoccupations. Alan Franks talks: 
to four of the celebrities 


Magnus Magnns- 
^ # V!i son, quizmaster 

ft and president of 

(IRSPB^SXS 

of Birds, is perhaps best known to the 
British public for his role as chairman 
of BBC television's Mastermind. 
However, his interest in ornithology 
can he traced back rather farther than 
his career in broadcasting. 

Magnusson, who describes himself 
as a migrant species from ' Iceland, 
won a gold medal from the RSPB at 
the age of 14 for an essay he wrote on 
the mating habits of the blackbird, 
after rising early each morning with 
his field glasses to watch and analyse 
the birds' courtship display. 

“If I, by virtue of feme or whatever 
you want to call it, can help to raise 
the public awareness of the country- 
side, then I'm only too glad”, he says. 

“However, I do think that there is 
now a danger that the conservationist 
lobby is becoming too pushy. It is not 
enough to be a TV celebrity and go 
around saying ‘Hands off this or that'. 
It should be a rather more gradual and 
locally involved process. 

“What I mean is that we must not 
acquire the bitterness of the anti- 
smoking lobby, for example, which is 
very much about us and them. 

“The other thing I would say is that 
one shouldn't keep looking all the 
time towards public money to help 
the cause of conservation. I agree that 
it's very nice when you have it, but 
you shouldn’t rely on the staff 
“The great honour as far as I'm 
concerned will be to be president of 
the RSPB during its centenary year in 
1987. And by that time I hope I won’t 
be quite so busy with my television 
work.” 



Mike Harding on the moors: Tve alienated a few folk. Getting die balance is the thing’ 


Magnus Magnussi 
help raise public 





▲ David Bellamy, presi- 
dent of the Youth 
Hostels Association, 
maintains that the 
initials YHA should, 
or ■Id also stand for Your 
Heritage Access. The 
whole concept of “the hostel”, be 
argues, is antiquated, signifying some 
institution with spartan accommo- 
dation and starchy warders. 

It is now time, he says, for the 


David Bellamy: ‘Sad bwifiess’ 

were meant to do your cooking. But I 
learned one hell of a tot from the old 
blokes there - tire ones who knew 
everything about the conditions in the 
hills. My first tent, I can remember, 
cost 30 shillings, but we didn’t freeze 
to death. We got on all right Today 
you have this rather sad business that 
you have to be taught about 
everything, formally instructed. 

“The YHA has immense resources. 
They can keep all the wonderment of 



association to drag itself into the- those old hostels and all mod cons. 


1980s. offering not only that old style 
amenity but also a more modem, 
“almost Trust House Forte version”. 

Bellamy has also held a number of 
other positions within environmental 
movements, including the Under- 
water Conservation Society. 

He recalls the hostel in Aviemore, 
Inverness-shire, which he first visited 
in his youth: “There were 40 pairs of 
socks drying on the range where you 


I THE 


“As a celebrity, I don’t mind being 
used. Every day I get about 60 letters 
of which at least 33 ask if they can 
make use of my name in some way. 
That's fine. I believe that the next 30 
years will be the most important ever 
in the history of debate about the 
countryside. We have this thing called 
television, and we haven’t even 
started yn to use it properly for' 
education.” 


David Pnttmtm: ‘It’s flattering for me to be made president’ 


ment may seem Incongruous, but 
arises from a long-standing interest in 
the countryside. 

“For me, conservation in the 1960s 
was a sort of hip issue. I was aware 
then that if a fashion comes in it is 
just as likely to go out again. That is 
why a serious body such as the CPRE 
is so important, and indeed why h is 
flattering for someone like me who 
goes around shooting his month off to 
be made president 

“When I think about the arts and 
the environment^ there is a way in 
which they seem to fit together. As a 
producer, or as a conservationist you 
can't change the furniture of people's 
minds. But you can attempt to shift it 
around a bit 


David Pnttnam, the award-winning 
film producer, took over the presi- 
dency of the Council for foe 
Protection of Rural- England in 
November from Sir Colin Buchanan, 
a hard act to follow. 

One month later he was writing a 
terse lener to foe Prime Minister and 
foe three other party leaders setting 
out his own agenda for foe conser- 
vation debate and so declaring 
himself one of foe most politically 
active figureheads of foe bodies 
concerned. 

Like .Mike Harding at foe Ram-, 
biers* Association, Puttxuun’s appoint- 


“And that I suppose, is foe role of ‘ alienated a few folk with my views; j 
e communicator. If I think of a film I* v c always said that I don't want to 


foe communicator. If I think of a film 
like Local Hero, I am aware of foe feet 
that environment was a subtext of foe 
whole project'' 


see people thrown out of their jobs. ; 
Getting a proper balance - that's foe 
thing." 


Whisper campaign 
to stop shoplifting 

A rewltittonary^id'copirO" Miss Sally Milner, of foe 
/V veridal security systetn, is. Shopkeepers’ Trade Associ- 
S- Apoijed to make -its ■ ap- ation, the rctafl consortium, is 
peahtmte ufr the high s t reet this less reticent She says: “It is not 
year.. Ainfad at r -cutting - foe our business to tell individual 
retail industryhs huge shoplift- stores whether or not to install 


mg .losseSf'it'iises.Kimimuu^ 

information 'to 'truxterafe foe 
behaviour of-potendal -thieves. - 
The. matiofactiuen:.-claira It 


reinforcement messages but we 
would advise them to treat 
them with extreme caution." 
Her doubts are based -partly 


can reduce theft by 30 per cent - on the belief that the system 


which,- *if true,' .could cut. 
millions .of pounds, from retail 
overheads. Shoplifting in foe' 
UK costs retailers an estimated 
£2 billion a year. . . iS . 

Known as .-“remforcetoeni 


will not be well received by 
shoppers who, she suspects, 
will regard it as intrusive. 

Her opinion is shared by foe 
shop workers’ union. USDAW, 
whose spokesman was “very 
suspicious of reinforcement 


messaging”, the new 'system suspicious ot reiniorccmcni 
broadcasts messages like' “Be . messages in shops or anywhere 


Mike Harding, president of foe 
Ramblers' Association, may be g 
renowned stand-up comic and singer 
of ribald songs, but he is also a 
determined Dalesman and walker of 
his local hills. 

His appointment as president of the 
Ramblers' Association in succession 
to Lord Melchett, raised some 
eyebrows among foe venerably 
tweed ed membership, but a year into 
his tenure he appeals to have won 
them round. 

When Harding considers foe issues 
of conservation he takes into account 
everything from the quarrying of foe 
Peak District to the destruction of foe 
green belt. 

“I also have a great concern for foe 
future of our ten national parks”, he 
says. “I am terribly aware of how foe 
dreams and high perceptions of our 
great political thinker s have somehow 
not been carried through. 

“I see my brief as being twofold: 
firstly to work for foe association 
itself and secondly to expose my own 
bites naires. by which I mean those 
interests which are trying fo expioit 
foe last vestiges of Upland Britain. 

“At one time it was unknown for 
actors or people of that sort to express 
their opinions on public matters, but 
today the man in the street is more 
aware than ever before of environ- 
mental matters and that makes' it 
more acceptable. 

“In foe Peaks you have companies 
like Rio Tinto Zinc and ICI who are 
responsible for taking whole loads of 
stuff away from foe area. Yes, I know 
it's always been done. But you see, 
once upon a time, the benefit was 
local whereas now it’s become multi- 
national. 

“People say, ‘Oh it’s only a little 
bit, only a small quarry.* .1 want to 
hammer home foe point that the 
cumulative effect is potentially 
disastrous. 

“I know that here in foe Dales I've 


honest dp not steal” over; a- 
store’s loudspeakers at exactly 
the threshold of hearing so that 
it is jurt audible if-'you stand 
next tothe speaker. A com- 
puter monitors - background 
noise sx in-store n^usic and 
maintains output at a pre-set 
level Shoppers and staff are 
said to receive the messages 
without . reaUzmg it, and to 
react accordingly, r 
Subliminal advertising on 
radio and television is out- 
lawed under . foe Independent 
Broadcasting Authority's code 
of practice^. but' there are no 
regulations controlling other 
kinds of subliminal messages 
such as fofS. According to 
David Tench, legal officer for ' 
the Consumers’ Association, 
and author of . The Law for 
Consumers, this -.form of' 
reinforcement message is 
completely lawful , 

The impressive claims for its 
perform ance .are based largely 
on American studies conduc- 
ted in Portland, Oregon, where 
a similar but reportedly jess 
sophisticated system- 'has been 
in use in' two . store chains far* 
more than a year. Arcview by 
accountants Price Waterhouse, 
based on six months of tests, 
revealed that its installation 
coincided with a marked 
decrease in theft-related losses. 
Other branches not using the 
system, showed no correspond- 
ing improvement. 

According to Price' Water- 
house, gross profit rose by 1.25 
per cent in the first test store, 
while arrests for shoplifting fell 
by half although routine 
security procedures bad not 
changed. 


else". He questioned foe 
retailers' right to practise what 
he termed “the conditioning of 
customers and staff*, calling it 
a dangerous practice .that could 
be regarded as a form of brain 
washing. ■ 

“We would certainly want 
any employer to consult fully 
with us before buying the 
system”, he raid. 

Speaking for the National 
Council ' for Civil Liberties. 
Miss Sarah Spencer vplced 
serious doubts about the 
method. "It is objectionable 
because it intrudes into per- 
sonal thoughts", she said. “A 
less than ethical manufacturer 



T he second chain, using foe 
system in two outlets, 
reversed a four-year trend, 
theft falling from* 4- lo- 2. per 


could abuse foe system and I 
see no feasible way in which it 
could be regulated by a body 
that people would trust." 

The manufacturer is under- ■ 
standably eager to dispel any •. 
public disquiet which might . 
stem from the inevitable 
references to Orwellian “mind T 
control”. To this end. the 
devices would be installed 
openly with notices at shop 
entrances announcing their 


cent of saJes. andby*mor£thin ' presence. Shoppers would also . 
that for be able to check foe message. 


.monitored 


types' of mCTCfiandist A [ or themselves by listening 

broadly based .study/ using' intently to any of the store s 
some 50 ratafl. outlets, jfoowed ■ loudspeakers. As a third safe- 


message. 

listening 


theft felling by an average . of 30- 
percent • 

Rei nf o r cement ■ 
has been developed in the UK 
by a Peterborough company 
called Subliminal Assistance, 
which is currently, negotiating 
with at least two national retail 
chains. Sales director Barrie - 
Hawkins says the first, instal- 
lation* will begin this month./ 
At about- £5,000, he 1 ' rays*: tito’ 
system’s cost in small com- 
pared with losses suffered by! 
the average high, street siqre. 

'Despite its apparent attrac- 
tion, most of the 'brg' retailers 
are reluctant to dtecuss foti , 
subject evidently preferring to 
await foe public's .reaction. But ’ 


loudspeakers. As a third safe- 
guard, foe Trading Standards 
Office is to be invited to. - 
examine each system. . * •* 

The Trading Standards Of- 
ficer for Cambridgeshire, Mr 
Christopher Roan, has studied , 
the system. His view is less 
critical and he finds it both 
legal and acceptable ‘.‘provided 
it -is not used for other purposes • 

such as selling products or 
inducing people to spend more 
than they intended". * 

Perhaps -surprisingly, .- no . 
adverse reaction was reported • 
in -foe. USs where similar, . 
safeguards were employed. 


*- RoyCarter 


Tin* NtnwM LUM, ISM 


CONCISE CROSSWORD (No 851) 


times! 


SATURDAY 

The weekend starts here 


m m . 1 Mountain 

Taxi cabs with all the creature comforts 1 S 





» war iSSulu 




The new Cliveden 

Its name still conjures images of Ugh society, political 
intrigue and sexual scandal. Now the nmgnlikeng house 
overlooking the Thames Is to become an noteL WflUam 
Greaves visits Cliveden In the course of Its £25 million 
facelift and describes an establishment where a night’s 
stay could cost as mnch as £480. 

Working Pacific 

design idyll 

How to plan Exploring Hawaii’s 
an office at home little islands 


When he was a tt acked for foe 
fourth time. New York taxi 
driver John Feyko decided that 
enough was enough. 

“I was stabbed and beaten 
force times -. all for 160 
dollars”, he said. “Then one 
night I was waiting at a traffic 
light and made foe mistake of 
leaving my cab window open. 
Someone g r abb ed my hair and 
stabbed me in the arm. They 
didn't get any money, hot I knew 
then Butt I should look far 
calmer waters.” 

- He answered an advertise- 
ment - “driver wanted, must 
love animals” - and Is now 
behind foe wheel of a “critter 
car”. New York’s first taxi 

service axetaaivciy for pets. 

In fohrdty one can bay mink- 
tfaod coats far dogs, silver 
eng r a ved porringers far their 
pleastsfts, and little 
shovels called “pooper scoo- 
pers” far clearing ap their mess. 
Bat a gap was recently dis- 
covered - ’ ey did not have their 
owa tail service. 

Owner* amid be seen standing 
forlornly with the hr pets while 



3 African gmsdands 7: Crocodile river (7) . 18 Vrotent attack (7} . . 

(7) 13 Afflict (3) 20 Small restaurants 'f 

4 Overpass (7) 15 Feed (7) , . <3) 

5 Impassive (5) 16 Annoy (3) 21 Paralysis (3) 

6 Among (5) 17 Locate (7) 23 Comfort (5) 

SOLUTION TO No 850 ' ‘1 4 ' 

ACROSS: S Exhibitionist 9 Mar 10 Ostracise 11 Trade 13 Sincere ; 

16 Egghead 19 Blame 22 Caterwaul 24 Opt 25 Differentiate <1 

DOWN: 1 Pelmet 2Shcrpa 3 Obsolete 4 Status '5 Coma 6 Finite'- - 

7 Steeve 12Rng 14 Nobility 15 Rim ldEscodo 17 Gel off ]& Diadem * ■ c* 
29 Anorak H Entree 23 Reck 


18 Viotent attack (7) 
20 SmaO restaurants 

'21 ^uaIysis(S) 

23 Comfort (5) ' 


13 Sincere' 


Hey taxi! Cabbie John Feyko takes golden labrador Max far a ride 

Duke's legacy to me. I feel be that win fit Into the car, but the “People treat their animals 
wanted me to do it” passengers are usually dogs, well in New Yak, but I have 

Miss Meyers in vested cats, bM, guinea pigs and seen some who are very over- 

S50,WW and now operates two hamsters. Occasionally a boa pampered,” said Mr Feyko. 


Ww £22,000 

to be won 


them, Mr Feyko explained: 

“Most cab drivers wort stop for 
people with animals. They don’t 
want the smell hi the car, 
they’re afraid of bring bitten, 

and if it is rafnhtg, anfmah can ~ ^ _ 

make the seatsmnddy. The next a ™3 cmgnt * for they travel in our cars." 

passenger gets his pants dirty - ending pettabroad. „ 

andsnesfoe driver. There’s too ow ££ S^cSt^to^ Chewy rawhide treats 

- * SLKtSfdSttC: for pa m pered pets 

uses foe service to take him out Most of foe passengers like to 
of teeming Ma n h a ttan to a park stand up and look out of the 

* in the country where he can window, be said. If they get 

22^5, enjoy himself for a couple of restless, Mr Feyko gives them 

home in Broohlyn f or frequ ent boms. biscuits. Sometimes he puts 

*** *** animal hospital In The car will also take ageing them on a lead to stop them 

M * nn **~** and iD pets on their “last ride”, jumping all over him while he 


cri tter can - Chevrolet station 
wagons - which take pets, with 
or without their owners, to 


constrictor goes for a ride. 


“Their owners buy them ex- 


Said Mr Feyko: “They are pensive food and clothing.* 


or without their owners, to very popular pets in Manhattan. One of the most popular spots 
veterinary surgeons, groomers. They grow to be about 12 to 15ft for indulgent pet owners is foe 
hotris, parks, and anywhere else long and people keep them in Doggie Deli in Manhattan’s 
they want to go. There Is also an empty 50 gallon fish tanks. Of fashionable Sutton Place. Here 
international service dealing course they are in crates when they can buy chewy rawhide 
with the arrangements for they travel in our cars.” . treats shaped tike doughnuts. 


Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 

NAME ; 

ADDRESS • - 


Tm crater car onefi takes , - - 

owners to pet cemeteries to visit Chewy rawnlue treats 
foe graves of their loved ones. for pampered pets 

One woman, whose dog is dying, 

uses foe service to take him ont Most of the passengers like to 
of teeming Manhattan to a park stand op and look ont of the 
in the country where he can window, he said. If they get 
enjoy him self for a couple of restless, Mr Feyko gives them 


vfriti to an animal hospital to 
Manhattan. 

“I hadf m. very difficult time 


biscuits. Sometimes he puts 
them on a lead to stop them 
jumping all over him while he 


when Duke wa* HI”, she safaL. -and a fallow driver Jim VJviano 
“EventaaHy I recovered ami way dislike Intensely. 


This Is the job font Mr Feyko drives. 

and a fallow driver Jim VJviano Children are rare in New 


able to drive him myself. But 


lake Intensely. York - 90 per cent of honse- 

“It ruins our whole day when . holds have no children under six 


car service because I (fidn’t want skep^ Mr Feyi- j said. “Barbara mwlw 18 and 94 per cent of 
other pet owners to go through prepares us because she knows people buying apartments have 
the transport difficulties that I we hate those assignments.” no young children. Pets, there- 
had experienced. Xht idea ym 


we hate those 


no young 


Pets, there- 


The service will carry any pet fore, assume great importance. | 


treats shaped tike doughnuts, 
lollipops, frankfurters, cookies, 
Isam&uroexs, meal balls and 
fried chkhes pieces. 

One owner, stocking np with 
rawhide lollipops- and dough- 
nuts. explained that people 
preferred not to see dog boms 
lying on the carpets. 

“It doesn’t look nice, so we 
bny rawhide chewy treats in 
familiar food shapes”;, he said. 
“They don’t make foe place 
look a mess. We sometimes also 
buy a pizza made specially far 
dogs. If foe family is having 
pizza, it's nice for the dog to 


Penny Symon 

3) Itaw Nanpapm LUttd, 19M 



tyis-Kigh. 

. Hu t p o in tcen he - • := “- 

BUYERS & SELLERS LTD 

120-122 LADBROKE GROVE 
LONDON W1Q .. 01-229 1047 ft 8468 

- Mqrh6a( 9-5. -'Thursdays- 9-poon - --- 








J 


.'V - : V-v ' 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


lIn PaigH 

P< 


/VI: y I. 

tig 


• V.7-V- 

ToHcassO-aidMan r 


.« • .- , < r 


1 Ray^Lcc Miller was a 


. :r*>X ^Id l^tityvTdJierion; 

••• she, \^amy stery . . . '■ 

pii!|i — ■ — . 

>4$ until he uncovered her • 

. . th • ' ' ~ ~ ~ • ■ - - 1 


- . .. 


reckless past as a; 
successful model and 
war photographer 4'~ 


? v-c "V "W' 'Xhea. the fashion: model 
;; -inprj VAY and Photographer . Lee 
cj{ 9 V V MU,ec ■ died in 1977, her 

Jji " estranged sonAntorty had 

*• -v'jj? only » hazy idea- of his mother's ■ 
^ early life, lie knew she had been a" 
war <»rrespondeht for Vogue m&gfi- 
■■■■ 3 me and had numbered among her 

- .?* , friends men such as Picasso, Man ' 

' * Ray and Max Ernst V _ r - ■ 

..... Bnt the secrets of Lee's ■ reckless 
pursuit of ■ adventure as . a> young ' 
• "‘3 woman had nevisr-.been revealed, 
^ Antony’s opinions of" her achieve- 
■’...-7,5’ merits -had' been formed by - the 
r- ‘ -I ; 1 '- admiring circle of women that - his 
: T.T fetberj Roland Penrose. ' had . gaih- 
cred around him during the years " 
just before Lee’s death.- 

It wasRplandtwho had intro- 
v . . -:£> - duced surrealism to Britain and later 
S^ij founded 7 the Institute of Ctontempor- 
ary Arts* who suggested the idea of a 
book 10 Antony when- Lee Miller 
died- At. first Antony was sceptical 
"I, ^ about Jus father's sioiy of Lee's 
-Zf-jfci aduevementsahd about the amount 
' '‘L£i of material available. 

* .???*; But- Lee' had. in -fiict left a time 

capsule- -for’- Antony to discover. . 
Padced Caway . in . hundreds of 
v.y?* crumbling envelopes, . cardboard 
boxes and. oM trunks were the fruits 
; of hereof life. More than 40,000 

photographs and negatives and' 
20,000 - pieces : of memorabilia - 
.* -t^'V documents, - uniforms, -weapons, 
camera!, ' Nazi mementoes, love - 
letters -Jaywarting for- him at her 
Sussex. farm.. . 

-- “There were boxes and boxes of 
..'7! iw foe . fort of staff you might throw 
on a bonfire without a second 
- thought. Lee had the most exlraordi- 

_ v nary acquisitive nature and ' I 
- reauzed that I had to re-evaluate my. 

' whole appreciation 'erf 1 hear. 7 The- 
,7f more I worked through the material,' - 
the more I realized it had a strange 
/ - depth and power”. Antony says. 

; - After her work as a. , war 

- eoriespondentLeehad settled, albeit 

- :: reluctantly, into domestic fife with 
v" Roimd. Occasionally, the domestic 

-•'~ L ' . found was broken by jaunts across.. 

! Europe. Young Antony, born * in 

1 1947, was left behind witit' ‘Patsy. 

] Munay, the nanny empJoyed by the 
“ * Pentoses. ■ ■- 

An antipathy developed between/ 

:: mother arid son. During those early 
1 years he hardly saw. her.; When he 
went away to boarding scbooL 

- -’ Antony worried that he might feil to 
. _ recognize his mother jf.and; when 
. : she met the holiday train home. 

| Patsy Murrayrecalls how Lee was 
- always spiteful, and unkind towards 

- \- him, “She wouM always call him a - 
■ c . . moron wbeneverhc came into the 

f :: l room”, she said. - 

Open warfar e broke out- between 
Antony and Lee when he was It) and 
lasted for 15 years/Only after he had ' 
travelled abroad,, .-married and 
l returned home was a truce tiedafod. 
“Only then ‘could ,1 see' that this 
U-v, 1.SS person yfbam 1 bad despised for so 
‘ - . long was really quite interesting and 
‘ that we dared common ground.” 

The hazy presence that had bedi ; 



' '-V •*. i 

%%.' V.. .y 



. • - 






MEDICAL BRIEFING 


v 

to save your sight 






1 ■ . > 

■ Alt. ' 








!%■/.» . ■ « 


- .-Jv-H 


Gaptiyatfog beau ty? Lee Mill er photographed in 1943 by David Scherman (left) and in 1930 in Paris by Vogue photographer George 1 
_• . ,’Hoytungen-Hemie (bottom). Her son Antony was three when she photographed him with Picasso (top) at her Sussex home in 1950 


Ji is mother's. eariy.jife became 
tangible as he p n qted the thm 


of uegatives^and sorted the letters 
and. ’docvfttieuis. . It - soon , became 
clear .that her life had embraced one 
of thc-inajoi artistic. achievements of 
the, 20th c^ntury . and had touched 
nuiny ofits exponents: The spell 'that 
Loe, had 7 cast: upon - so many- men 
during '‘her -IHbtnne was cast upon 
AntcmVtbo.: • 

Unur the/ end. of the Second 
WoridT War -Lee -Miner’s life , had 
been a. precarious '. balanced between 
cbmmitnient and - self-indulgence. 


ame more' Bom in' the United States in 1907 
thousands' she had become a bewitching 
the letters sensual beauty. Wherever she went 
it -, became -men fell hopelessly in love with her. 
iraced one . By the time she was 20 she had 
rements of taken New York by storm, model- 
d touched jjng for the legendary photographer, 
: spell that Steichen, and appearing on the 
aany- men cover of Vogue. 
cast upon She rapidly outgrew New York 
.. .. . and set'’ off for Paris to study 
e .Second photography with Man Ray. She was 
; life , had soon his mistress and became 
e/betwespn absorbed into his circle of surrealist 
idulgence. friends, which included Max Ernst, 


Jean Cocteau and Tristan Tzara. 

She lived with Ray for three years. 
“I was known as Madame Man 
Ray", she wrote. Even so. Man Ray 
never tamed Lee's capricious behav- 
iour. She had many lovers and 
affairs and eventually fled back to 
New York where she photographed 
the social and intellectual elite. 

uccess in New York was 
abandoned in 1934- when she 
i^met and married Aziz Eloui 


closed book. “Those years were a 
chapter she had finished with, she 
didn't want to look back", he says. 

Antony's memory or his father, 
who died while the book was being 
written, took a knock during his 
researches. “I was always very close 
to Roland, but he was never very 
adept at easing personal - relation- 
ships and now 1 know far too much 
about him to sec him as ajtero.” 

Although Antony now knows so 


LENS BEHIND THE LINES 


met and mamea aziz trout much about his 'mother he talks 
Bey. a rich Egyptian who took about her.somewhat dispassionately, 
her to ltve - m Egypt Life there He understands that her best and 
eventually bored her and it was not most creative vears were - during the 
long before she crept back to Pam j 940s arrd W50s when her work was 
whistle; metRorand Pen ro^. ■ - gTvert .huge spreads in Vjfgiic 

Hi described her as. blond, blue- .VThe#*ere the years I 'fed i 

<inri r^cnnncivp tin tnpi r ' ■ . «•« i m ■ • 



eyed and responsive". On their 
second meeting they slept together. 
In her goodbye letter to Aziz she 
wrote. “1 frankly don’t know what I 
want, unless it is to ‘have -my cake 
and eat it’. 

Penrose and Lee became lovers in 
a volatile relationship that only just 
survived Lee's travels through 
Europe during the Second World 
War. 

The fast-moying and unpredict- 
able adventure that war offered 
seemed to suit her. She covered the 
liberation of Dachau and Paris for 
Vogue and almost by chance 
witnessed the first recorded use of 
napalm by the Allied troops at St 
Malo. Her documentary photogra- 
phy became dear sighted while her 
excursions into surrealism produced 
some remarkable pictures. 

But by the time Antony and his 
mother had become friends again 
these adventures had become a 


would liked to have known her. 
before she began the orgy of self- 
destruction.” He looked .bemused. 
“1 ‘ don't: think there was much • T 
Could -have done to falter ‘ the 
situation^ Lee was -very' much- a' 
victim of her own temperamenr”.' 
which included what he calls <tHe' 
winged serpents, a restless energy- 
that had driven her from one 
experience to the next always 
leaving her insatiated and. often on 
the edge of insanity. 

“Man Ray always used to say that 
one of the things Lee did best was 
make work for other people. I think 
in her own mischievous way that is 
what she did for me. deliberately 
leaving for me to discover all those 
boxes.” 

Michael Young 

The lives of Lee Miller fry Antony 
Penrose is published by Thames arid 
Hudson (£16). 


Over the . years, 
members: of the 
Reform Club in 
London’s Pall Mall 
have looked forward 
-to the -Invariably, 
cheerful welcome of 
Jim Brown, the hall 
porter. So - -they were concerned 
when he became subdued and- his 
face drawn. His eyes were red ami 
swollen and he had a persistent 
headache behind his right eye. Jim 
accepted the explanation that his 
symptoms were doe entirely to 
ingrowing eyelashes and only when 
he noticed blurring of vision sought 
further advice. In fact he had 
glaucoma; a rise in pressure of the 
fluids within the eye which, if not 
counteracted, can lead to progress- 
ive loss of vision and blindness. 

. The acute closed angle glaucoma, 
with symptoms of a red, painful eye 
and blurring, of vision, is easy to 
diagnose provided it is not confused 
with conjunctivitis or an eye injury. 

The affected eye feels harder 
than 1 it should: the pupil may not 
react. -to light, and the . cornea; the 
covering of the eye, loses its clarity 
because of an accumulation of fluid. 

Chronic, open angle glaucoma is 
much harder to diagnose; its onset' 
can' be insidious so that much of the 
field of vision can be destroyed 
before the patient notices that 
anything is amiss. At this stage it 
becomes a matter of saving 
remaining sight rather than restor- 
ing foil 'vision. 

For this reason Mr Ronald Crick, ; 
the. j . British eye surgeon and 
chairman of the International 
Glaucoma Association, is pressing 
for$n extension of screening. The 
assoriatioii feels that opticians 
should always measure the pressure 
in the eye with a tonometer if the 
patient is over 40. or if there is 
history of glaucoma in the family. 

In other patients, alterations in 
the appearance of the retinal disc, 
ora reduction of the field of vision, 
would alert the examiner to the 
possibility of glaucoma. If, however, 
they were to rely on these signs in 
the oveMOs and not carry out 
tonometry, a third of all cases of 
glaucoma wonld be missed. 

Glaucoma is one of the common- 
est causes of blindness, and yet with 
treatment can be prevented; as it 
has in the case of Jim Brown, who is , 
now back to bis cheerful self.' j 

Quick cure foriiernias 
from thefront line 

0 1/ the opera singer 
Placido . Domingo 
7 lep)’’: Had . attended 
Monday's meeting of 
the International 
Medical Relief orga- 
nization in London, 
his decision to cancel 
engagements for months ahead 
because of a hernia ■ may not have 
been received sympathetically. For 
/MR surgeons had just returned 
from the Iran/Iraq border ' where 
they had treated similar troubles in 
rebel Kurds. 

Nicholas Parkhousc, a surgeon 
from the Middlesex Hospital in 
London, said that as the medical 
group m os non-political it wanted to 
operate on normal surgical cases as 
well as battle casualties. The team 
become so well known for its hernia 
repairs that one man walked 400 
miles for surgery, and two days after ■ 
day-surgery treatment was playing 
roHey-ball before walking home. 

Day-surgery for hernias, which 
usually occur as a weakness in the 



groin muscles, is equally appropri- 
ate. .for commuters. Paul Jarrell, 
consultant surgeon at the New 
Victoria Hospital. Kingston. Surrey. ■ 
said that he now repairs nearly 
percent of hernias without admit - 
ling them to hospital. 

He recommends that patients 
should not resume hard physical 
activities for six weeks, but seden- 
tary workers can return to work as 
soon as they are comfortable. 

Sweet and sour 
notes to berries 

This is the time of 
year when gardening 
correspondents write 
about berry-produ- 
cing trees and shrubs 
in the hope that if 
more are planted 
birds will be saved 
from starvation. But they may also 
be laying the foundations for family 
dramas when a child has eaten 
berries. 

Dr John Henry, consultant at the 
: poisons unit at Guy's Hospital. 

. London, said reassuringly that as fax 
as he could discover, no British 
child has died by eating berries for 
30 to 40 years. Dr Henry, who 
recently reviewed accidental poi- 
soning in children for Update, the 
medical magazine, said that al- 
though several berries were poison- 
ous. children seldom ate large 
numbers, and as many made the 
i child sick they provided their own 
remedy. He said honeysuckle, with 
its attractive bright red berries 
lasting like sweet pea pods, was the 
most frequent cause of trouble, as it 
, contained the poison saponin. 

• Two other common plants, the 
laburnum and the sweet pea. are 
potentially dangerous but there is 
little evidence of serious harm. Dr 
Henry recommends that a child 
who has eaten more than a few of 
these types of berries should be 

■ made to be sick and then given 
activated charcoal. 

Early warning to 
prevent cirrhosis 

Without carrying out 
^ ^ a liver biopsy, doc- 

tors have little suc- 
cess predicting 
' 1 1 which heavy drink- 

. A ers will develop dr- 

l|Pr rhosis of its precrir- 

■ beI HI jor, fatty infiltration. 

; Blood tests give a good indication or 
how badly the liver is functioning, 
but little as to the likely outcome. 
Biopsy, the removal with a needle of 
a small section of the liver for later 
examination under a microscope, is 
associated with the risk of compli- 
cations, including bleeding. 

A research team from St 
Bartholomew's Hospital. London, 
and BUPA, the private health 
service, has started a pilot project 
which -it hopes will lead to the 
development of a screening tech- 
nique to enable an accurate 
assessment of the liver without 
surgical investigations. It is hoped 
that by using a CAT scanner, a 
quantitative correlation can be made 
between the amount of fatty 
infiltration of the liver and the 
quantity of alcohol intake. 

It will then be possible to identify 
patients who are at greatest risk 
and justify screening. If necessary 
they can perhaps be persuaded to 
stop drinking before cirrhosis 
occurs. 

Dr Thomas Stutfaford 




E.* 5 


Real men don’t drink soda water 


I P Going on-ihe walgori 
can sometimes leave 
W* yotttHgh aiid dry r 

d W3rn fl PPlames McNefll Whistler had 


V' 


^ youtagh aiid dry 

S IP lames McNeill Whistler had 
S' dined with friends, enjoying 
S f 1 more than his share of afixmoL 
p » rhey were descending the main 
aairease together when the 
| xkhnted painter staggered 
.-Pr rnd, hut for the help of feBow 
^ (Bests, would have toppled 
uaufioog. 

“Who designed this stair- 
are?” demanded Whistler. 

“Norman Shaw was the 
achhect”, said his bemused 
,. toat'TVhy?” 

“ Damned leetotaBerP* was 
, ...he outraged response. 

? Iusedtoconmderthattobea 
. ‘ jrifljant example of wit at its 

But times have changed. ! 


now believe' WtristlerCto have 
bdep . little short/bf a drunken 
bigot, Whji£Ef5tme explain. 

On' C hri s tma s J Eye 1982, I 
tinned feetotaL ' As a result, I 
discovered that- life is 
“geared ‘.fe- -tlieL preserve - of 
Whistler and- -his ' kand.: What- 
. evta^ one, (foes^ whether at work 
, or jday, JtV alcohol -that; eases 
' one’s progress.* . 

5d why -did £opt out? Simple. 
At the'tender age' of. 52 I, had 
finally • lost 1 my; tolerance ■■■ for 
booze; the -last 1 decade of my 
-drinldi^. 1 fife 'had- been, beset- 
with jffoblems. Whereas 1-had, 
for years, been able to enjoy the 
spontaneity of social' drinking,. I 
gradually -.found myself having 
to thmk twice before making or 
accepting an. invitation. - 
-Food was ’the principal 
reason - it had; become a- vital 
adjunct - to drcnkL. Not. a 
■' sandvwch-, or a sheer of quiche, 



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but something with the absorb- 
ent nature of mashed potatoes. 
Tt*-$ surprising; how few hosts of 
; cocktail parties, press launches 
and office gatherings, provide 
the. : convenience ; of mashed 
potatoes.. 

Food-drinkers ■ are also an 
irritant to drink-drinkers. I 
rapidly .discovered that to be 
with “the' boys 1 ’ in a pub and to 
talk about food -was to promote 
derisive laughter. “You and 
yom: nosh” carried the same 
kind of criticism as that which a 
parent levels -at'. -a child who 
o ver-indulges in sweets. 

Gone are the days when, with . 
a salt-beef sandwich, I could 
. coast through the pleasures of 
-wine and brandy. Gone, too, are 
the days when, in the company 
of a .woman, I would be the 
confident raconteur with spark- 
ling wit (at least, that’s what I 
think it was). 

Towards the . end of my 
drinking days, such occasions 
were moire ' likely to conclude 
with -me staring glassy-eyed, 
sweating and. trembling as I 
tried to combat the urge to be 
sick. 

Teetotalism, after a quarter of 
a century’s drinking, is a bit like 
being reborn. The delight of 
waking with a clean palate , a 
dear - head and a healthy 
appetite is . - forgive me - 
intoxicating. No more stagger- 
fog from; the bedroom, palming 
the eyes tike Shakespeare's 
.blinded Gloucester and groan- 
fog like Lear. 

In the days of my youth, mild 
hangovers were .the inevitable 
bnt ephemeral price to be paid 
for the pleasure of: the previous - 
evening, swiftly dispelled by. a 
cold shower and a hrisk walk 
.But . as -my hair tinned grey, so - 
my hangovers began, to change 
until, tike the inevitatntity of 
dawn,.! knew I was going to 
suffer.. Bad ones were like 
rehearsals for death and could 
last two or three days. . 

• a <hair of the dog was about 
as -much use as a.glass of bleach 
and: other. Idghly' recommended 


r&EXm 




-*:■.***■ 






palliatives - such as liver salts, 
aspirins, hot baths, cold baths, 
sauna baths, herbal infusions, 
black coffee or massive doses of 
vitamin C - merely aggravated 
my condition. 

Now, of course, hangovers 
are mere memories. I’ve be- 
come smug recalling the time- 
wasting conversations one used' 
to have while drinking. - 

So what’s the problem, if all 
this is behind me? Simple. What 
the hell do I drink instead? You 
name it. I’ve tried it, and very 
boring it is, too. I soon grew 
disenchanted with -sickly sweet 
fruit juices, -even unsweetened 
ones tike tomato juice which I 
had never liked; endless fizzy- 
ades and colas, when you are no 
longer thirsty, turn your longue 
to cotton wool. 

Unfermented grape or apple 
juice, or mineral water with 
crushed ice and a slice of lemon, 
are passable substitutes when 
dining, but as social drinks they 
soon get boring. Angostura 
bitters and soda water? OK, 
once in a. rare while, but there’s 
always the attendant risk of a 
naive barman, overdoing the 


bitters so that the result tastes 
like fluid from an ' animal 
laboratory. Alcohol-free lager?. 
Well, for some reason, it doesn't 
do to me' what it appears to do 
forihose virile guys in TV ads. 

There’s little left, then, except 
for .Adam’s ale and that can 
cause trouble. A recent visit to a 
printers produced a situation 
that- was straight out of a 
Bateman cartoon. When told 
there was -no fruit juice or 
mineral water - which I had 
asked for in desperation - I 
settled for a glass of water with 
ice and lemon. 

"Water? WATER?" Exposing 
myself in a nunnery couldn't 
have produced greater distress 
from the assembly. Macho-men 
drinkers are fearful of teetotal- 
lers. “I can't buy you a soda 
wazeP', hissed a . colleague, 
slipping me the money to buy it 
myself, and sidling further 
down the bar. 

It's when drinking- with 
drinkers that you note, with 
some surprise, what puerile 
thirds they say; how fatuous is 
their humour; how they alter- 
nate their voices - shouting one 
minute, mumbling the next: 
how they seem incapable of 
standing still; and how they will 
keep staring as if trying to focus 
on something behind you. 

However there are some 
afflictions for which alcohol is 
the only .solution. Recently 1 
caught a foul cold - a real, king- 
size job with a lung-cracking 
cough. One night, in desper- 
ation, I broke my fast and tried 
a glass -of good whisky instead 
of-my bedtime milk dnnk. 

. It .was- delirious. And- there- 
were no after-effects. • 

Derek Hall 


Correction 

On the Friday Page of 
November 29 PHow child care 
has grown tip”), the number of 
children in the UK aged under 
14 was incorrectly staled. The 
correct-figure-is-lO.B miltion.-. . 



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■ * 



THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


FOOTBALL LESSONS “ 

SKn. ttfbc^faw- however, than simply investigate {or what, -happens both within 

ST fire at^EfoKS LH&£KLH5“- * * foot “ J!™** and on thoir 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 

I Reasons for unease among the nurses Need for research 

From the Chairman of the Hammer- be (and in some eases already are) OTJ ttTVrtinal trAPC 
smith and Queen Charlotte's Special the ward sisters themselves. UU LiUpiUcU LiCCb 

Health Authority The chances haw’ mw* n/fimi — — _ . _ . 


fei^on 8 ^ 1 ^ .sSSSSSfSiS sssffssJwa 

Lt irisiodicial sKS ^ iLi “S 10 ” 81 ’P 0 ^ ^ recognizes the .danor but may 


~ ~ uac Clean uncs or ms recommen- 
m a^?Muig the iwdence on the . actions oil fire safety hive 
construction of stands and; the became muddied. In drawing 
iocaaonof exits and his report , conclusions from the disgrace of 
published yesterday, ought to ; the Heysel Stadiuu^aodan 


benefit evey future user of a 
soccer ground. 

He has also undertaken a 
voyage -Of discovery into safety 


standards^ at other places of yet not far and wide enough. He 
public gathenne for sport and has given himself the latitude to 
entertainment and found a long introduce Seneca into an official 
list of anomalies. He describes .report (albeit from the Penguin 
how rf- the Wembley Arena is Classic edition) but not to survey 
used for a ■ boxing match it • without sentiment . the •• econ- 


own lines of ms recommen- have compounded the problem. 
; da,tions oix fire safety have • The powers of search heawaids, 
became^ muddied. In _ drawing rather too casually, to the po lice; 
conclusions from file, disgrace of the crowd discipline to. stop 
theHeysel Stadium and an racialist or obscene abuse; the 
gonoon at Birmingham .City inviolability of the field of play: 
FC as a representative incident. . these .are the business of clubs 
of violence on the terraces he has . which invite thon^^y of fens 
had to roam far and wide. And on their property. The police role 
yet not fer and wide enough. He should be auxiliary, 
has given himself the latitude to It is for the clubs, with the 
introduce Seneca into .an official same' relationship to the licens- 
. report (albeit from the Penguin. . ing justices as other pla c e s of 
Classic edition) but not to survey, public resort and entertainment, 
without sentiment the econ~ ' ■ to mansor: the consmrrotion of 


-••• ■3., u ■ 11 wnnout sentiment the econ- to manage the consumption of 

■ ;:-£■<■> requires local authority licensing omics of a private .enterprise alcohol on their grounds'- Mr 
- : { but not if die same arena is used, soccer - which survives only by . Justice Popplewefi. not before 


to show off a n i m als and riders in ■ ransom and pieces of string, 
the. “Horse of the -.Year Show”.- TT . 


;• Two quite different standards of 

safety are consequently applied. 
- ' 1 **:£. His ■ recommendations, predict- 
ably, require some extension of 
’ - the boundaries of the regulatory 
'-“..j. State and considerable extra 
‘ . work for firemen and town halls: 

He might, perhaps, have mari^ 
.''i-V the point -that his recommen- 
. ' dations will cost money: They 

vV- . will require extra fire personnel 
: : '. v and a lot more local authority 
paperwork; they could hit the 
[.r finances of small and amateur 
J,*.' sports dubs. But such conse- 


Jfe js willing to entertain at : 
least two new. offences which 
together make a ‘serious dent in 
the liberty of the subject while 
restricting the offences to those 
subjects - who frequent soccer 
grounds. He is- not; however, 
willing to- consider the organ- 
izational inertia of the Football 
Association and the absence of 
first-class, management in soccer. 
Violence in and around grounds 
is related to the condition of 
those grounds and their offices. 
Mr Justice PoppieweiTs report. 


q uencCs are, rightly, for others" to m ^ that 15 

worry about. The lessons of tenable for pohong the terraces, 
Bradford have been comprehen-. connection. 


sively read. Mr Justice. Popple- 
well's work deserves the compli- 
ment of speedy implementation. 
-He was asked to :do more. 


Commercial field sports are 
organized by dubs: in soccer by 
private commercial dubs. There 
is a danger that the responsibility 


time, asks for a review of the excessive 
extravagant ban on drinks in eers, acc 
executive enclosures imposed tors hav 
last year. The soccer chibs must u> time 
be assisted in their task of manager 
curbing soccer-mated violence; . y t ™ a 5? 
they cannot remain in business “SIS!! 
and shirk their tasks of manag- ai 

ing. disciplining, educating and logical u: 
at the same time entertaining unit max 
their fens. incltder 

The clubs' collective failure to the aven 
make p rogre ss on a membership the large 
scheme is a sorry index of how £ u jJ*ms 
energetically they are performing bU w^h 
those multiple tasks. Mr Justice decision' 
Popplewell offers them assist- sensitive 
ance, but perhaps too gener- ^ ha 
ously. The new offences he influence 
would create could take away care. It 
from the clubs the last vestiges of manager 
their own responsibility for order advice; 1 
among their spectators and Pf 
customers. 


Health Authority 

Sir, Trevor Clay’s article (January 
13) and the Royal College of 
Nursing's current advertising cam- 
paign are based on an understand- 
able concern about the role of senior 
nurses following the implementation 
of the Griffiths report. However, the 
remedy proposed by the RCN - “a 
director of nursing in every hospital, 
clinic and health unit, working with 
the administrator- - fails to take 
adequate account of tw<o of the most 
important elements in the Griffiths 
reorganisation. 

Firstly, the creation of general 
managers with line responsibility for 
their organisations means that the 
concept of individual managerial 
responsibility has replaced the 
NHS*s traditional consensus ap- 
proach . to decision-making and 
reliance on administration rather 
then management. 

This should help to eliminate the 
excessive professional pride (engin- 
eers, accountants, nurses and doc- 
tors have all been guilty from time 
to time) that hindered the 
management of certain disciplines 
by managers without a qualification 
in the discipline concerned. 

Secondly, most district or special 
health authorities have two or three 
logical units of management - and a 
unit manager's responsibilities must 


The changes have’ more radical 
implications for senior nurses above 
the unit level. The nurse on the 
district management board ran no 
longer have line responsibility for 
nursing m a na g emen t. And because 
the staff role of advising on all 
aspects of nursing policy is not a 
full-time job for a senior nurse, it is 
being combined with other responsi- 
bilities (for example, in this SHA 
with personnel and quality assur- 
ance). 

Not enough nurses have been 
appointed as general managers 
during the current reorganisation: 
this is probably the most important 
explanation of the current unease 
amongst the nursing profession. 
Perhaps the RCN should abandon 
its current advertising campaign and 
concentrate its resources on ensuring 
that the move into general manage- 
ment becomes a natural p r ogre s sion 
for the senior nurses of the fixture. 
Yours faithfully. 

CHRISTOPHER BLAND, 
Chairman. 

Hammersmith and Queen 
Charlotte’s Special Health 


Charlotte's Special 1 
Authority. 
Hammersmith Hos 
Du Cane Road, Wt 


From Dr D. W. Ryan 
Sir, Mr Gay' sounds 


unit manager's responsibilities must Sir, Mr Gay* sounds a timely 
ineltde responsibility for nursing. In warning (January 13) regarding the 
the average hospital unit nurses are relegation of senior nurses from 
the largest single group of staff and management within the NHS. There 
nursing is the largest item in the are certain problems within the 


budget. 

Most important of alL, nursing . 
decisions, and the effective and 
sensitive use of nursing resources, 
will have perhaps the major 


nursing field that can only be 
perceived and understood by a 
person with a nurse’s particular 
experience and training 
The concern he expresses is not as 


influence over the quality of patient for-fetched as some may think and 
care. It will be a foolhardy unit there is a real danger that the 
manager who ignores nursing exigencies of annual budget trim- 
advice; however, line responsibility ming that this Government forces 
and authority for nursing is property on all health authorities will shortly 
lodged at this level become the sole arbiter of health 


TIME FOR TALKS ON SDI 


Well packaged offers , on arms 
;t ^ control have arrived with some 
~ regularity in recent months from 
Moscow, but .this time beneath 
J ’ the gift-wrapping there would 
seem to be something worth 
looking aL The positive response 
C . it has so fer elicited from 
- Washington is also to be wel- 
• - corned, if only because it shows a 

r better understanding than " has 
recently been evident of the 
. ■’ r. impact on public opinion. 

The-' most significant shift in 
- the Soviet position would seem 
• " ' to be Mr Gorbachov’s proposal 
~ 5 for the elimination of Soviet- 


when he refers to the post-miss- 
ile age. he envisages some thin g 
to put intheirpiace. 

Given that the Russian 15- 
:year plan is unlikely to work, it is 
hard to imag ine the British and 
French surrendering their stra- 
tegic deterrents - in that context 
anyway: How too would a 
“freeze” on existing force levels 
affect ' Britain’s purchase of 
Trident? As afl these points will 
have been rifled several dozen 
times in Moscow, one. can only 
speculate ovesrJSqyieri^tentioos. 

- Still, ■ it would - seem to rep- 
resent a shift of some rignifi- 


American intermediate-range cance . and progress is not 
nuclear missiles from .Europe apparently- linked by the Kxem- 


within the first right years of his 
- t- A 1 5-year plan. Not only does this 
embrace the “zero option” put 
up by President Reagan (with 
little hope of success) more than 
four year ago, but it leaves tol&ie 
side the issue of the British and 


lin to American abandonment of 
its SDI. The Gorbachov, pro- 
posals have already been tabled 
at the Griieva talks ^which is not 
always ,the case with Moscow 
declarations) and the European 
INF area " now looks the most 




French deterrents." ..• The latter promising for movement during 
would simply have to “freeze” - the present negotiating session. - 
then prepare to ijsann in time The extension by three 
for the re-birth of a nudear-free mon ths of the Russian mora- 


world in the year 2000./ . toriunl on nuclear tests must 

How seriously Mr Gorbachov cause . some , discomfort . in 


contemplates all this remains to 
be seen. He must know very wdl 
that the West is poorly placed to 


Washington, and London. Both 
Britain and the UnitedStates are 
developing - nuclear warheads 


envisage the end of the nuclear which- makes them reluctant to 
‘age because of the inferiority of agree, even temporarily, to forgo 
its conventional forces - on underground ^testing, but ..Mr 
v which it wpuTd then have to Gorbachov's, recent annoimee- 
4 depend. It is true that President ment that the Soviets would be 
Reagan has spoken in ’ such prepared to allow on-site verifi- 
; visionary terms when expound- cation of a test ban treaty, has 
ing his Strategic Defence Initial- removed: the most, -respectable 
ive (SDI). The difference is that Western objection: to signing 


such a pact - and left the two 
countries on shaky moral 
ground. 

Now Mr Gorbachov says he is 
willing to’ countenance on-site 
inspection in support of missile 
reductions, on the way towards 
his nuclear-free dream. This 
helps to make progress in the 
area of long-range strategic forces 
also seem possible - especially 
given the degree of consensus on 
“deep cuts” of around 50 per 
cent. .There are gaps but they 
look-very bridgeable. ; 

The difficulty here is that the 
Russians are insisting on curbing 
the American Star Wars pro- 
gramme as a sine qua non . In 
return the White House, while 
refusing to negotiate over the 
SDI, is calling for a serious 
debate with the Soviet Union on 
the future of strategic defence. 

If the Russians really want to 
see progress at Geneva they 
should agree to this. The SDI is 
here to stay whether they like it 
or noL They are themselves 
engaged in research projects 
which are exploring similar areas 
of defence. That their response 
so fer has been negative is not 
perhaps surprising - and there 
are those who might see this 
latest Gorbachov initiative as yet 
another attempt to fuel Euro- 
pean criticism of the White 
House, bnt the SDI is presenting 
the world with new concepts 
which its two most powerful 
nations need to understand and 
controL 


WANTED: A QUIET TABLE FOR FIVE 


The “Group of Five” meeting of. realignment of currencies, can- 
the world’s top finance ministers not the Group of Five now agree 
,in London this coming weekend . on a general towering of interest 
[is turning into exactly the kind of- rates, which : everywhere are 
le occasion that their caus ing concern? 

British Chancellor of This a point of view which 
equer, had .sought to deserves support. It should be 


■ host, the British Chancellor of 

; jthe Exchequer, had .sought to 
avoid. This was inevitable. The 
-last meeting of these five men, 

- responsible for the financial 
! m anag ement of the United 
States, Japan, West’ Germany, 
France and Britain, was deliber- 
ately publicized by the partici- 
pants. At the Plaza Hotel in New 
York in September, they jointly 
agreed to try ' to bring down the 
'dollar: and announced this to the 
world’s press and the world’s 
'financial.', markets in order to 

’ assist the process. 

, j In this task the Cjroup of Five 

- ! proved, more suqoessml than 
| they expected- They cannot now 

. expect their meetings to sink 

1 back into obscurity. Having set 


the Fed to cut interest rates. 
Thus the United States, which 
initiated last September's agree- 
ment, is now seen by other 
m e mbers.of the Group of Five as 
impeding progress. 

Ferfaaps the greatest strain is 


possible to lower interest rates l«ing felt in the host country for 


back into obscurity- Having set policy,- woicn 
.their hands to Ihe tiller - or the responsibility 
’international^ ^ monetary system* .bank.. 

;they cannot now pretend to be j n tunij t] 
private passengers meeting .for a responsibility 
quiet dinner. can domestic 


worldwide without destabilizing 
exchange rates. Unfortunately, 
however!,, the. derision to cut 
interest rates cannot be taken by 
these five finance ministers in 
quite the straightforward way in 
which they agreed to intervene in 
the currency markets last Sep- 
tember. 

■ The spotlight is on Mr James 
Baker, the US Treasury • Sec- 
retary. The dollar is the pivot of. 
the world’s currency system. 
Constitutionally, Mr Baker can 
deride, when the Federal Reserve 
Board -may buy or sell dollars; 
but he does qat fix interest rate 
policy,- which - remains the sole 
responsibility of ■ his central 


ey canaot now preteno to dc ln tunij the “Fed” has the 
ivate passengers meeting .for a responsibility. -to manage Arrieri- 
uet dinner. - can domestic' monetary policy 

The attempt to meet quietly - and is constrained by the 
has anyway been thwarted by the behaviour of: US- financial m j*r- 
matter-of-fect Japanese. The keis. While projecnons for 
view from Tokyo is simple. America s federal budget deficit 
Having effected a- desirable ^ remain so high, rt-is not easy for 


Stodentgrants 

From Ms K. J. Aback - - 
■Sir, l am a first-year medical 
student, receiving no grant from nay 
i local education authority, Warwick- 
shire. This T r it r! |T1 * that I also do not 
receive an equipment grant. ;. 

If 1 were to get one I shonkLbe 
able to buy lab-coats, diss ecting 
instruments, bones, microscope 
tildes and a : microscope^ -and * 


stethoscope, att paid for by my local 
authority. As it is,' I bave to restrict 
my equipment to-'thfc. minimum, 
supplemented by " Christmas and 
bnihday presents- 
Tnvestigations among my fellow 
students at Edinburgh University 
reveal that this is notice case among 
all migrant holders, Those from 
other counties in 7 England -and 
Wales, on the whole, receive an 
equipment grant rejprdless of their 
actnalgranL- - - 


this weekend’s meeting. Al- 
though talk of lower interest 
rates worldwide helped to take 
some of the heat out of British 
money markets, where early this 
week it had seemed that yet 
another rise in interest raxes was 
imminent, British rates remain 
extremely high, and while Ame- 
rican rates remain high, Britain 
has had difficulty securing the 
steady appreciation against the 
dollar envisaged in last Septemb- 
er’s agreement. 

Nevertheless, the Group of 
Five may have some cause for 
congratulation. Having insisted 
for years that-centrtl banks could 
not manage currencies, they 
have made a fair job of pushing 
things in the rigjht direction. As 
for Britain, -a Group of Five 
meeting on home territory will 
provide a suitable occasion for 
discussing bow its members 
might help to manage not just 
the dollar, -but small fry Hke the 
pound. No wonder the Treasury 
would rather keep things quiet 


This, in effect, means that the 
total amount of grant awarded to a 
large proportion of students (those 
studying scientifically related sub- 
jects) is at the discretion of fee local 
education authority; and not natio- 
nally fixed. 

Yours faithfully, - 
KATHERINE J. ALCXX3C, 

18 Portland -Place, 


lodged at this level become the sole arbiter of bea 

These are significant changes; but care, 
there is no serious danger of fee Yours sincerely, 
erosion of the authority of fee ward d. w. RYAN, 
sister. The “mini-general managers 63 The Grove’ 
at ward level” feared by Mr Clay will Gosforth. Newcastle upon Tyne 


Academic freedoms 

From Mr Martin Biddle, FBA, and 
others 

Sir, ln fee matter of the banning of 
South African archaeologists from 
fee World Archaeology Congress to 
be held in Southampton in Septem 
ber. by their British colleagues, 
archaeologists in Britain have 
remained curiously silent 

News reaches us of large numbers 
of scholars, at least 1 1 S in fee USA, 
who have withdrawn from the 
congress in protest-’ and that the 
entire delegations from France, the 
Federal Republic of Germany, 
Belgium. Holland. Switzerland and 
Spain will withdraw unless the ban 
on South Africans is lifted. 

The issue is not one of apartheid, 
which all civilized people must 
abhor and oppose, but of academic 
freedom and freedom of association. 
At present control of the congress 
has been wrested from fee organ iz- 

Guns at Heathrow 

From Mr Walter Houser 
Sir, I refer to the letter from Philip 
Charles (January IS) and whilst 1 
share his concern that it should be 
necessary for there to be armed 
police at the airport, that it is 
necessary appears to be beyond 
question if Heathrow is not to 
become a prune target for terrorists. 

Tbe Italians (dare I say for once?) 
seem to have got it right From the 
moment that fee first terrorist 
declared himself at Rome Airport 
until aD of them were “neutralised” 
a period of rwcqty seconds elapsed. 
Three innocent people were killed 
by fee terrorists. 

No such precautions existed at 
Vienna. Many more than three 


people were killed before the 
. terrorists could be overcome. 

It is simply not practicable for a 

Which chestnut? 

From Professor J. H. Turnbull 
Sir, With reference to tbe letter of 
Lawrence D. Hills (January 3), it is 
significant that the bark of the horse 
chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) 
contains the substance aesculin. 
This fluorescent crystalline com- 
pound belongs to the chemical 
family of lactones, noted for their 
activity against parasites and other 
; living organisms. Aesculin is not 
| associated with the sweet chestnut, 
i Yours faithfully, 

, J.H. TURNBULL. 

! Royal Military College of Science, 

! Shrivenham, Wiltshire. 

Born to blush unseen 

From Mrs Doris Nieholls 
Sir, I hasten to assure the Rev John 
Ticehurst (January 3) that I have 
known a Kerenhappuch. She was 
my great-aunt. 

I remember her as a formidable 
old lady who, until her death in the 
1920s, continued to dress in 
Edwardian style: She customarily 
wore jet beads. They were very 
uncomfortable. I know, because my 
mother passed them on to me, but I 
have never been able to wear them. 

Great-aunt’s feme in our family 
centred on her Christian name, of 
which she was fiercely proud. (It is, 
of course, an Old Testament name; 
that of Job’s youngest daughter. We 
pronounced it with the middle “h” 
silent.) 

The old lady promised my mother 
that if my younger sister was named 
Kerenhappuch, then the child would 
be left a legacy. Mother compro- 
mised. There are some things yon 
cannot do to a child, even for 
money. My little sister was named 
Keren. She did not inherit 
Yours faithfully. 

DORIS NICHOLLS, 

1 Jennifer House, 

Reedworth Street, SE1 1. 

January 4. ■ 


ers by political activists in 
Southampton. 

If the executive of the or ganising 
committee is unable or unwilling to 
take control back into its own hand*. 
then the members of the profession 
should do so. This they can do by 
letting it be known that they wifi 
withdraw from the congress unless 
the ban is lifted. 

Failure to do so carries the 
implication that scholarship is to be 
subordinated to politics. Scholars in 
other countries have given an 
excellent lead. It would be a sad 
reflection if British scholars were to 
lag behind. 

Yours etc, 

MARTIN BIDDLE, 

JOHN COLES. 

RAY INSKEEP. 

CHARLES THOMAS, 

As from: Christ Church, 

Oxford. 

January 13. 

policeman, armed only with a 
handgun, to go up against a terrorist 
armed with automatic weapons and 
grenades. What do we expect of the 
police? 

By the time the policeman had 
formed the intention to draw and 
use his weapon and had done so tbe 
twenty-second period would un- 
doubtedly have passed and how 
-many innocent people would then 
have been killed? 

I acknowledge that to date the 
police do not have a particularly 
good record with firearms. That is 
because in the past they have so 
rarely had to use them. Un- 
fortunately this seems to have 
changed and no doubt, sadly, the 
police will become more proficient. 
Yours faithfully, 

WALTER HOUSER, 


fee .Philip Ross and Co, Solicitors, 

77 Wimpoie Street, Wl. 

January 15. 

Recovered sounds 

From Lady Clucas 
Sir, While tbe moaning of the wind 
in telephone wires may vanish, I 
believe there is one sound which has 
reappeared. 

The clatter of tramping feet on 
Guildford’s cobbled High Street 
must have been heard by our 
forebears. Thanks to the banning of 
vehicles, we can hear it again. The 
noise is surprisingly loud and. I 
think, delightful. I wonder if there 
are any other examples of recovered 
sounds. 

Yours faithfully, 

BARBARA CLUCAS, 

Cariad Knoll Road, 

Godalming, Surre y- _ 


Environment protection 

From Mr Walter Bor therefore have to have overriding 

o- j planning and environmental control 

Sir, I read with great interest F & .. 

W illiam Rodgers’s letter to you powers over all these other depart- 

(January ID) in which he advocates mentsand muustnes. 
the creation of a new Department of , Is . llus J** ** 

Environmental Protection, leaving whe £ he ^ 

the present DoE with response- of 

bilfties mainly for housing and local Environmental Protection? 
government, like the Ministry of Yours truly. 

Housing and Local Government WALTER BOR, 

which preceded the DoE, minus its 99 Swains Lane, Highgate, N6. 

planning responsibilities- - 

The intention behind these TT .. • , 

proposals, which is to strengthen JrilStOnCfll pCTSpftCtlVe 

environmental control and make ft _ . , . . , - . . . 

more comprehensive, is to be F J? m . Principal of Wakefield 
welcomed. However, if this’ new District College 
department is to discharge its Sir, lan Bradley (feature, January 
responsibilities effectively with re- 1 1) is correct to warn us of fee 
gard to p lanning , conservation, dangers of dismissing fee lessons of 
pollution control, leisure and re history. 

creation, as Mr Rodgers advocates. Put simply, history and hindsight 
it’will have to have substantial new cut men down to size; futurology 
powers over other Government and imagination do not; therefore 
departments. we need a balance of both. 

Several such departments, Hke Yours faithfully, 
transport, agriculture, energy, DU, K. W. RUDDIMAN, Principal, 
DHSS and defence, arc at times Wakefield District College, 
involved in or dosely associated Wakefield Centre, 
wife substantial developments Margaret Street, 
which can have major environmen- Wakefield, West Yorkshire. 


From Dr Hereward Corky 
Sir, In his article of January 3 Tony 
Paterson drew attention to the 
alarming rate at which tropical 
forests are disappearing and to fee 
part played by the timber industry in 
this destruction. 

Mr Paterson also suggested feat 
fee forest should not be cleared for 
agriculture; but people have to be 
fed and in some countries fee only 
available land is under forest. 

A much more important point is 
feat, after clearing, fee wrong crops 
are often planted: annual crops have 
many disadvantages in fee tropics 
compared wife perennials. The 
comment that only 2 per cent of the 
soils of Amazonia and of Indonesian 
Borneo are pernianenUy cultivable 
may be true, if annual crops are 
grown, but at least a third of these 
areas are suitable for tree crops. 

Frequent cultivation and ex- 
posure of fragile tropical soils results 
in heavy erosion and rapid loss of 
fertility by leaching, but under tree 
crops cultivation is infrequent, a 
layer of leaf litter protects the soil, 
and a leguminous cover crop can be 
planted to build up soil nitrogen. 

The increase in atmospheric 
carbon-dioxide level which follows 
forest clearing is minimized because 
a large mass of organic matter is re- 
established as fee trees develop. In 
addition to these ecological advan- 
tages. tropical tree crops can give 
yields up to five times greater than 
those of annual crops. The farmer’s 
income is higher, and for every 
hectare planted with a tree crop 
instead of an annual, four hectares 
of forest may be saved. 

The World Bank, to its credit, 
does finance tree-crop schemes in 
the tropics. The products of the 
major tree crops, such as rubber, 
coffee, palm oil and cocoa, are not 
an adequate basis for a healthy diet, 
but there is nothing wrong with 
growing cocoa, selling fee product, 
and using fee cash to buy surplus 
grain from Europe. 

Research to develop a wider range 
of tropical tree crops is urgently 
needed though, and rather than 
setting up environmental monitor- 
ing departments. I suggest feat fee 
World Bank and fee international 
aid agencies should be funding such 
research. 

Yours faithfully, 

HEREWARD CORLEY, 

Highlands, 

New Road. 

Great Barford, Bedford. 

January 7. 

Industrial reject 

From Mr A. McB. Collieu 

Sir. The letter from Mr R. E. Crum 

(December 27) about student grants 

struck a resonant chord in this 

household. 

Our son. who is in his second year 
at Plymouth Polytechnic, reading 
business studies, has to find an 
industrial placement for his third 
year. He started in September, 1985. 
and to date has written to some 75 
firms, both national and local. From 
these he has had 54 refusals, even to 
see him (the reason generally being 
that the firm does not run such a 
scheme; occasionally a company 
might be tied to a particular 
university or polytechnic, but in one 
case trained students only from their 
parent corporation in Gennany!). 

Twelve firms have not even 
acknowledged his letter. Of fee 
remaining nine, four (all in service 
industries) have offered him an 
interview and five have said feat 
they may possibly be able to 
consider his application in 1986. 

it would seem that in this 
Industry Year of 1986 fee majority 
of firms in the UK are as far away as 
they have ever been from under- 
standing fee need to train the 
managers of the future; two firms 
wrote that although they had no 
student training schemes they would 
welcome my son as an applicant 
once he had graduated. 

As a schoolmaster with responsi- 
bility for recommending pupils to go 
into industry I have found, as has 
my son, this first direct experience 
of industry's unwillingness to train 
fee young (in fields other than, 
engineering) a particularly dispirit- 
ing affair on a personal level and a 
worrying one nationally. 

It is no wonder feat many predict ' 
an inevitable slide into Fourth 
World status for this country and 
that Sir Terence Beckett (report, 
December 31) finds it extraordinary 
that we should need such an event as 
Industry Year. 

Yours faithfully, 

ANTONY COLLIEU, 

Sole'll d’Or. 

Bradfiekl, 

Berkshire. 

January I. 

tal impacts. A Department of 
Environmental Protection would 
therefore have to have overriding 
planning and environmental control 
powers over all these other depart- 
ments and ministries. 

Is this what Mr Rodgers has in 
mind when he advocates fee 
creation of a Department of 
Environmental Protection? 

Yours truly, 

WALTER BOR, 

99 Swains Lane, Highgate, N6. 

i 

Historical perspective 

From the Principal of Wakefield 
District College 

Sir. Ian Bradley (feature, January 
11) is correct to warn us of fee 
dangers of dismissing the lessons of 
history. 

Put simply, history and hindsight 


ON THIS DAY 


JANUARY 17 1856 

Not [or the first time-The Times out- 
distanced its competitors when if 
announced that Russia had accepted 
Austrian proposals for peace in the 
Crimean war. In fact the news was 
published b^are the Gouernment 
received it The paper had vigorously 
fought for medical staff and supplies in 

the war sane and the second extract 
reports m unfamiliar aspect of the 

efforts of the doctors cold nurses who 
were sent out 


SECOND EDITION. 

THE TIMES -OFFICE, Thursday, 10 am. 

ACCEPTANCE 

OF THE 

PROPOSITIONS OF THE 
ALLIES BY RUSSIA. 

(BY SUBHAB1NE AND BRITISH TELEGRAPH-) 

We have received the following telegraphic 
despatch from our Vienna correspondent?—’ 
“VIENNA, Wednesday, to pjt 
“Russia u nc ondi tionally 

accepted the propositions of the »IKw»- 
“This is authentic.” 


THE WAR IN ASIA. 

In the spring of 1855, when tbe 
attention of the public was engrossed 
by the sufferings of our brave soldiers 
in the Crimea, and when all thinlringr 
men were eagerly devising expedients 
for the prevention of such sufferings for 
the future, a better system of medical 
and surgical relief for the sick or 
wounded stood first among the reforms 
that seemed imperative. At this 
conjuncture. General Cannon waited 
upon the Duke of Newcastle, and 
described to him hr graphic language, 
but without the possibility of 
exaggeration, the miserable state of the 
invalids of the Turkish army . . . 

The Duke listened, approved, 
consented. A few words pledged the 
hardly-taxed people of En gland to an 
expenditure of about 40,0001. In order 
that all thing s might be done in 
conformity with official routine, a 
gentleman already gray in the medical 
service of the Hon. Bast India 
Company received the sounding title of 
“Inspector of Hospitals in Turkey,” 
and was commissioned to form a staff. 
He engaged about 40 persons to act in 
various capacities - as surgeons, 
dressers, dispensers, or interpreters - 
and departed with his subordinates for 
the Crimea . . . 

In the month of May the inspector 
sent his deputy with a portion of the 
staff and of the stores to Varna, with 
orders to organize a hospital there. The 
deputy-inspector, Mr. Farquhar, was 
unfettered by the habits and notions of 
military life. When a shipload of sick 
men came into the harbour, he claimed 
them, seized them, put aside the 
Turkish hakeems, carried the invalids 
to his hospital, and treated them. Bit 
by bit, little by little, by demanding, 
insisting, threatening, he wrong 
necessaries for his patients from the 
bands of reluctant pashas; conquered 
the i mm e n se passive resistance that 
was oppposed to all his wishes; and was 
enabled to demonstrate, by the number 
of his cures, tbe superiority of the 
medical science of the West ... 

In the meanwhile, at Eupatoria, the 
inspector acted upon a different 
system. Four hospitals were immedi- 
ately given to him, and he declared that 
whim patients were brought to him 
under proper official authority, and 
when everything that could be wanted 
in a hospital was provided, he would 
allow the surgeons to do their duty in 
the wards. He would be dignified and 
respected. If he did not get all his 
requirements he would write to Omar 
Pasha. He would call upon Hercules; 
but he was an inspector, and God 
forbid that be should put bis own 
shoulder to the wheel. So there ware no 
patients; and after a time the Inspector 
of Hospitals in Turkey left, first 
Eupatoria. then Balaklava, then 
Constantinople. When his officers last 
heard of him be was taking his ease at 
his club in London. The members of 
the staff either at Eupatoria or with 
the Turkish array in the field, have 
dragged on their existence in hopeless 
idleness, or have perished miserably of 
fever or cholera; and when the 
survivors think of tbeir wasted time 
and damaged professional prospects, 
they have the consolation of 
remembering that their chief, at least, 
will be unscathed by these evils . . . 

We have not space in which to 
recount the various indignities to 
which our countrymen have been 
subjected by the Turks; to describe how 
tbeir services have been contemp- 
tuously rejected - their utility denied - 
their position ignored. Suffice it that 
thqy have often been cheated of their 
rations, and have bad to battle for the 
means of sustaining life. Our object is 
to point out that there can be no 
justification or excuse for the 
maintenance of the staff after 
expiration of the year for which its 
members were engaged, and to demand 
from tbe Government that there shall 
be no further waste of money and of 
lives in a useless and thanklws 
enterprise. The Turks do not wish for 
educated surgeons, and are too besotted 
in ignorance to know their value. They 
desire only that the sick and woimdsd 
may <fie speedily, may go to the seventh 
heaven of the Mahomedan paradise, 
and may be out of the way of tbe 
survivors. 


Music while yon wait 

From Mr Stephen Allen 
Sir, In your columns today (January 
14) Mr Welchman referred to his 
uncertainty as to the appropriate 
choice of piped music to telephone 
, callers. 

A local (dare I say rival) firm of 
solicitors* system treats its callers to 
fee theme from The Sting. When I 
asked if this had any unsettling 
effect on feeir diems, I was assured 
that fee correct title was in fact The 
Entertainer, Is this any more 
appropriate? 

Personally, I favour “Who Wants 
to be a Millionaire," but I wonder 
whether it would be appreciated by 
my clients! a 
Yours faithfully. 

STEPHEN ALLEN, 

Kilroy&Co, 

Solicitors. 1st Floor, 

16 High Street, 


West Midlands, 


14 


.THE.TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 1 7 1 986 


■fr.. ☆ & ■£ 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 

SANDRINGHAM 
January i&; Tire Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of Lhe Royal Society of 
Arts, this morning launched Indus- 
try Year 1986 at the Royal Society 
of ■Nrls. John Adam Street, WC2. 

His Royal Highness travelled in 
an aircrafi of The Queen's Flighi. 

Squadron leader Timothy Fin- 
ncron was in attendance. 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
January 16: The Prince and Princess 
of Wales, accompanied by The 
Duke of Gloucester. Patron of the 
British Mexican Society, and The 
Duchess of Gloucester, this evening 
attended a performance of lhe Verdi 

Requiem in aid of the Mexico 
Earthquake Disaster Relief Fund, at 
■he Royal Albert Hall. 


Miss Anne Beekwiih-Smiih, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Jack Stenhouse. 
Mrs Howard Page and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir Simon Bland were in 
attendance. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 
January Ifc The Duke of] 
Gloucester. Grand Prior, The Order 
of St John, today received and 
invested Major-General the Earl 
Cathcart as a Bailiff Grand Cross 
and installed him as Lord Prior of Si 
John at the Grand Priory Church. St 
John's Gate. Clerkenweii. London. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland »a» in attendance. 


A service of thanksgiving for the life 
and work of Henry R. Thompson 
will be held at Si Giles'. Cripplegate. 
Barbican. London, on Saturday 
January 18, at 1 1.30 am. 



m $* : m 



Engineer 

honoured 

Mr Frank Newby, senior 
partner of F. J. Samuely and 
Partners, consulting engineers, 
received tbe Institution of 
Structural Engineers gold 
medal for 1985 at a dinner at 
the Hilton hotel London last 
night (Our .Architecture Corre- 
spondent Writes). 

The award is for his 
outstanding contribution to the 
standard of structural engineer- 
ing in a number of famous 
buildings. These include 
Leicester University Engineer- 
ing Laboratory, the aviary at 
London Zoo. Clifton Cathedral 
Bristol, (he Hilton at Gatwick 
Airport, and the Burrell Collec- 
tion Museum. Glasgow. 


Latest appointments 

Mr John Noss to be British High 
• ommissioncr to the Solomon 
elands, in succession to Mr G. N. 
Mansfield, who will be retiring from 
the Diplomatic Service, 
lhe following new members of the 
Medicines Commission have been 
appointed: 

n \f c Cann Professor A O Dayan, 
■'■rofeiw B M Hibbard. Mr B □ Hoskln. Dr 
■ * M Lna MacLran. Dr W B Marlin. 
PrufCTW □ C MtDeUU. Dr P C PtMTOnl. 
Mr P A J Salmon and Mr Bernard 
siKrrnuui 

The following new members or the 
British Pharmacopoeia Com- 
miM.ion have been appointed: 

Dr J. A. Goldsmith. Dr D. I. 
Magrath and Professor J. Midgley. 
Mr Cedi Parldnson.MP, to succeed 
Baroness Airc> of Abingdon as 
President of the Anglo-Polish 
Conservative Society. 

Mr G. F. Butt, to be Principal 
Assistant Solicitor for the Customs 
and Excise. 


Army appointments 

Major-General C. T. Sbortis to be 
General Officer Commanding 
North West District in March, in 
succession to Major-General P. M. 
Davies. 

Brigadier B. M. Bo»en to be 
Paymaster in Chief f Army) Ministry 
of Defence in the rank of Major- 
General in March, in succession to 
Major-General J. L Banleir. 
Brigadier D. B. H. Colley to be 
Director General of Transport and 
Movements. Logistic Executive 
tArmv) in the rank of Major- 
General in March in succession to 
Major-GencraJ D. H. Bragg ins. 
Brigadier A. B. Crowfoot to be 
Director General Army Manning 
and Recruiting Ministry of Defence 
in the rank of Major-General in 
March in succession to Major- 
General G. H. Watkins. 

Brigadier G. B. Fa wens to be Chief. 
Joint Services Liaison Organization 
Bonn in the rank or Major-General 
in April in succession to Major- 
GencraJ M. C. M. Steele. 

Brigadier E. G. Willnratt to be 
President The Ordnance Board in 
the rank of Major-General in ApriL 
in succession to Air Vice-Marshal 
N. A. Perrin. 

Major-One rai W. T. Mac Far lane 
relinquished the appointment of 
Colonel Commandant The Royal 
Corps of Signals on December 31. 
Major-General J. J. Stibbon. 
Colonel Commandant RAPC. to 
be Colonel Commandant Royal 
Pioneer Corps, on Jan I. in 
succession to General Sir George 
Cooper. 

Mtj«f-General L. A. W. New late 
RTR. (o be Colonel Commandant 
Roval Tank Regiment from January 
!. In succession to Major-General 

I. H. Baker. 

Major-General D. H. Bragginv late 
RCT. is to be Colonel Commandant 
Royal Corps of Transport from 
January 1. 

Colonel M. IT. Wood head. to be 
Colonel 4th/l2lh Ro>aI Lancers 
I Prince of Wales's) from January 1. 
in succession to Major-General 

J. M. Brockbank. 


Birthdays today 

Mr Muhammad Ali. 44; Sir Michael 
Clapham. 74; Mr Douglas Ocver- 
don. 83; Mr Martin Cooper. 76; Mr 
Jusuce Mervyn Davies. 63; Sir 
Keith Joseph. MP. 68: Mr Geoffrey 
Panic. MP. 50. Mr Cccif Ram age. 
91; Professor W. B. Robertson. 63; 
Miss Moira Shearer, 60; Professor 
Sir David Smithers. 78: Mr Clyde 
Walcot 60: Miss Gillian Weir. 45; 
Lord Wheatley. 78. 


Pope urges cultures and churches to 
unite to curb atheism in Europe 


Pope John Paul II has called 
upon the Romas Catholic 
Church throughout Europe lo 
collaborate in a programme' to 
"re-cvangelizc” the continent 
and halt the- progress ;qf 
atheism. 

In a letter ' published -'in 
Rome and London yesterday he 
asks the Council of European 
Episcopal Conferences, cf 
which Cardinal Basil Hume of 
Westminster is president: to 
take the lead in this campaign. 

It is addressed- to all the 
conferences of bishops in 
Eastern and Western Europe, 
and suggests that the diversity 
of cultures and languages they, 
represent which could be an 
obstacle to communication and 
joint action, should be turned to 
the church's advaiage. 

European Christians also had 
a particular responsibility 
to heal the disunity of the 
churches, he declared.* as it was * 


By Clifford Longley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 
in Europe that Christianity was The bishops Of Europe are sure 
finst divided. 

His letter contains the 
■ unusual admission ohal" the 
Roman Catholic Church is ?in a 
wav, imperfect" as are the 
.Orthodox churches of the - East 
because the two traditions are 
meant to be.complementary. By 
the meeting and harmonization 
of the two they can be 
“reciprocally completed”. 

It is also significant that 
tbe Pope does not insist on 
Vatican leadership in the 
re-evangelization of Europe, but 
looks to initiatives, in the 


lo respond generously to the 
Pope's appeal, the cardinal 
added. ' 

The spread of atheism, and 
efforts over -recent centuries to 
eradicate religious belief, was-“a. 
phenomenon of such' vast 7 
proportions" that it cap only 
be faced in a co-ordinated 
"common plan of action? 
across Europe, the Pope said. . - 

"What is in question here is a 

new evangelization of cultures. 

in which there, must be. sown 
again, those seeds of Christiania 
context of the council oF which in the past produced such • 
conferences, which is based in a- wonderful blossoming". The 


Switzerland. The main thrust of 
his letter, is to commend 'the 
council’s work,- and to urge it ta 
expand its efforts. 

Cardinal -Home. in a brief 


“ageless, message, of- salvation'' 
must bp; set before modern 
man in ..convincing terms, for 
“contemporary. Europe needs to 
be given a soul and a new self- 


response to the Pope, also- awareness ■ ■ - 

published yesterday, said it is The difficulties now being:, 
evidence of his "commitment experienced “must lead 
to the collegiality of bishops”. Christians to gather . their 


strength, rediscover their 
origins, and give fresh life to 
those genuine values .which 
scaled the spiritual unity of the 
continent and fed the bright 
flame of civilization from winch 
so many other nations of the 
earth have drawn". 

.The Pope's tetter is seen 
as strong encouragement, to 
Cardinal Hume’s efforts over 
-the. past eight years to persuade 
CathoGc church leaders 
throughout Europe to add a 
continental dimension to their 
.policies, 1 rather than confining 
themselves to a national basis. 
It is understood the cardinal 
and - lhe Pope discussed the 
possibility of public . papal 
endorsement for this at a 1 
meeting last October. 

' A meeting of- top Catholic 
churchmen is to take place in 
Spain next month to prepare a 
more detailed programme in 
answer to the Pope's appeal. . 


Marriages 


Dr F. W. W. Dilke 
and Miss D. M. Adi? 

The marriage look place oh 
December 21. in London, between 
Dr Fisher Dilke. only sod of Mr and 
Mrs C. W. Dilke. of Vaiehouse 
Farm, Whitchurch Canonicorum. 
Dorset and Miss Diana Adie, eldest 
daughter of Dr R. J. Adie and the 
late Mrs Aiken Adie. of Cambridge. 
Mr N.C. Stanley 
and Miss S. L. G. Williams 
The marriage took place oh January 
4. at Si Jude's Church. Mapperiey, 
Nottingham, between Mr Nicholas 
Charles Stanley, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs M. C. Stanley, of 
Witherslack. Cumbria, and Miss 
Sarah Louise Gilroy Williams, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs G. H. G. 
Williams, of Warrick Road. Map- 
periey Park. Nottingham. The Rev 
lan Russell officiated 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was attended 
by Miss Alice Dugdale. Miss Mairi 
Dugdale and Miss Helen Barber. Mr 
Mark Everett was best man. 

Mr A.Trneger 
and Miss C. Fraser 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. January 1 1, at the Church 
of the Immaculate Conception. 
Farm Street between Mr Anhur 
Truegcr, of San Francisco, and Miss 
Cordelia Fraser, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Simon Fraser, of 
Clarendon Road, London. Father 
Philip Caraman. SJ.. officiated, 
assisted by Mgr Alfred Gilbey. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was attended 
by Helena Fraser. Thomas and 
Charlotte Beasley. Oliver and Claire 
Rous, Geoffrey Morrison. Anna- 
Rose Martclli and Vanessa Van- 
neck. The Marquess of Tavistock 
was best man. 

A reception was held at Brooks's. 


Latest wills 

Mr William Eardley WnghL 
or Willoughbridge. Staffordshire, 
farmer, left estate valued as 
£1.418.929 net. He left his estate 
mostly to relatives. 

Mr Bryan Gabriel Worboys. of 
Bassingbourru Cambridgeshire, left 
estate valued ai £786.53 1 net. 

Other estates include (net. before 
tax paid): 

Cole. Mr Thomas Norman of 
Sidmouth. Devon .£649.564 

Thompson. Miss Ann. of War*. 
Hexham, Northumberland 

£373.826 


Science report 

Photographs indicate ice on Mars 

By Andrew Coghlan 


The possibility of life, even in 
primitive form, existing on Mars 
depends on the presence or water. 
Photographs taken by the Ameri- 
can Viking space probe provide 
strong evidence that water exists 
as ice on the Martian surface. 

Previous photographs taken by 
the unmanned spacecraft showed 
features in the Martian landscape, 
suggesting that in tbe past water 
and ire once flowed on the planet's 
surface. Valleys and channels were 
likened to known riverbeds on 
Earth. 

But studies of more recent 
photographs by United States 
geologists indicate that ice ts still 
there in the terrain, doing moch 
the same job as tbe glaciers that 
exist on Earth. 

Steven Squyres, of the Ames 
Research Centre or the National 
Aeronautics and Space Adminis- 
tration. and Michael Carr, of the 
United States Geological Survey, 
examined more than 24,000 of the 
photographs taken by Viking 
when ft was 5,000 kilometres 
above the Martian surface. 


Their findings are described in 
the latest issue of Science. 

They identified three types of 
geological feature to support their 
claim that ice is preseat. Signifi- 
cantly. those were restricted to 
narrow bands of the planet's 
surface, suggesting that the 
presence of we depended upon 
variations in climate. 

Towards the polar regions, and 
near the equator, the features were 
absent. Midway between those 
extremes, in both the northern and 
southern hemisphere of Mara, the 
ire-related features were promi- 
nent 

The scientists believe the origin 
of the three nnnsnal land forms ro 
be “ice creep", the glide of debris 
across the planet surface by ice of 
viscous, almost treacly, consist- 
ency. 

Where ire “exists", it appeared 
to have altered tbe geology of the 
ridges which bonier the planet's 
many craters. In addition, the 
terrain between craters In the ice- 
rich zones seemed to have been 
softened by ice creep. 


By contrast, the terrain in the 
ice-free zones b far sharper and 
crisper. Lacking the smoothing 
effect of the ice-boond rocks. 

The geologists attribute tbe 
existence of ice in a narrow band 
only of (he planet's surface to 
variations in temperature and 
climate. 

Within 30 degrees of the 
equator (be ire b unstable and 
escapes through loose rock at tbe 
plant's surface to the atmosphere. 

But above 30 degrees latitude 
the ice persists in stable form jmt 
centimetres below the surface in 
tbe regolith (loose rock), the 
scientists say. 

Towards the poles the ice 
becomes more solid, so “ice flows 
less readily and creep of tbe 
surface materials b suppressed", 
they add. 

Although uncertain of the origin 
of the ire. they believe that 
“determination of tbe distribution 
of sab-surface ice on Mars wfl] be 
a big concern for future Martian 
exploration". 

Science, January J7, 1986. Yd 
231, pp 249 to 252. 



Uncovering part, of the Roman road at Leadenhall Court In 
the City of London (Photograph: Bill Warhurst)’ 

City’s Roman forum 
goes on view 


Excavations in Leadenhall 
Court in the City of London - 
have uncovered part of the 
forum of Roman Londinium, 
and a viewing galleiy has been 
put up >o open the dig to public 
view (writes Norman Ham- 
mond. Archaeology Correspon- 
dent). 

The site includes pan of the 
great basilica, a hall which 
housed municipal adminis- 
tration and law courts, on the 
north side of the forum. The 
other three sides were lined by 
shops and offices, and the main 
street across the forum to the 
basilica ran north on the line of 
Graccchureh Street 

The high ground on Comhill 
was the centre of Roman 
London, and Mr Peter Marsdcn, 
of the Museum of London, has 
found that the great forum of the 


early second century AD re- 
placed a smaller and earlier one. 
Among the most important 
discoveries has been the unex- 
pected depth of archaeological 
deposits on top of Corn hill, 
more than 7.5 metres (24ft) In 
places. 

The Leadenhall Court site 
has some four metres of 
exceptionally well preserved 
Roman layers, including the 
complete sequence of building, 
use and destruction of the 
basilica, one of the largest 
buildings in Roman Britain. 

The present dig, which 
precedes redevelopment of a 
fifth of the known area of the 
basilica, will be the first 
scientific exploration of the 
building. It has been funded 
partly by the developer. Legal 
and General Assurance. 


Dinners 

Wan Club 

P.- jfsswr Jcftn R. Small. President 
of the Wat! Club, welcomed Sir 
Donald Barron as the guest of 
henour a; a dinner given by the 
trustees of its club at the Carlton 
Highland Hotel. Edinburgh, yester- 
day to mark the 250th anniversary 
cf me birch cf James Walt. (January 
;y. : 7361. The other guests included 
:fce Lord Justice-Clerk, principal of 
Her-ot-AXan University, Sir Duncan 
McDonald. Sir Patnck Thomas 


Inienuttiootl dumber of Com- 
merce 

The annual dinner of ICC United 
Kingdom, lhe UK affiliate of the 
International Chamber of Com- 
merce. was held last night at 
Girbcnor House. Sir Graham 
Wilkins. Chairman of ICC United 
Kingdom, presided. The guests of 
honour were; M Raymond -Bane 
and Mr Leon Brittan. QC. Secretary 
of State for Trade and industry. 
Other gums included the French 
Ambassador and Mr Frans van den 
Hoven. World President of the ICC. 


Subdued 
sale of Old 
Masters 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Last autumn's buoyant prices 
for Old Master paintings were 
not repeated in Christie's new 
year sale in New York on 
Wednesday where 76 out of the 
175 lots on offer were left 
unsold. In cash terms the sale 
totalled £1.8 million with 45 per 
cent left unsold: 

The most expensive picture 
was a “Brazilian landscape with 
a sugar Milt” by Franz Post at 
5440,000 (estimate $400,000- 
$600,000) or £299.320. The 
exotic landscape of Brazil 
caught with Dutch seventeenth 
century sophistication makes 
Post a perennial favourite; 
nevertheless the New York 
collector who bought this one 
only had to pay the low 
estimate. 

The other high-flyer of the 
sale was a “Portrait of Don 
Francesco Bandres de Abarca” 
by Deigo Velasquez dated to- 
around 1640. which was left 
unsold at $220,000 f estimate 
$300,000-5500,000). The paint- 
ing has been cut down and 
depicts the sitter in a sober 
black doublet not the kind of 
pretty picture sought after by 
private collectors. . 

There were 14 lots from the 
estate of. Ray 1 Livingstone 
Murphy, a New York collector 
who died in 1953 at the age of 
only 30. Only two ' of his 
pictures were left unsold arid 
Agncw's of London* paid 
$110,000 (estimate $30,000- 
$40,000) for “Perseus with the 
head of Medusa” by Sebastiano 
Ricci, a colourful /scene of 
chaotic drama. V • 


WATERMAN 

Former European welterweight 
boxing champion . . 


Peter Waterman, the former 
British and European wefte*':' 
weight boxing champion, died 
suddenly yesterday at the age ot 

Waterman, ah intelligent ring 
craftsman as well as being a 
rood puncher, was rated one ot 
the brightest British boxing 
prospects of the 1950s. But bis 
career was tragically cut short at 
the age of 23 when, some time 
after a surprising defeat bythe 
lightweight champion, Da vc 
Cn amity. he was 'found! to have 
a brain abnormality, and had to 
undergo surgery. . 

Waterman, who began boxjng 
at the age of 1 1 had a brilliant 
amateur career, wanning . 121 of 
his 130 bouts and boxing for 
Britain at the 1952 Helsinki 
Olympic Games, before turning 
professional at 18. 

He won the British, welter- 
weight title in 1 956 at the age of 
21 when he stopped Wally 
Thom and after outpointing the 
Frenchman Idrissa Dipne, over 
10 rounds, defended it against 
Frank Johnson whom he 
stopped with a cut eye also in 10 
rounds. 

After fighting a draw with the 
Italian, Emilio Marconi, in 
1957 he beat him in 14 rounds 
in the following year to to take 
the European title. 

By now be was being spoken 
of as potential world champion- 
ship material He had already, 
though somewhat controversial- 
ly. earned a decision over the 
very tough. Cuban ex-world 
champion. Kid Gavilan. but 
cruelly unperceived though it 
was, he had already reached the 
apogee of his career. 



SIR CHARLES HARRIS 


Schools 

Pang bourne College 
Lent Term began on January 13. 
The choir and choraT society will 
sing Haydn's Creation on February 
8 and 9. Open academic scholar- 
ships and music scholarships will be 
competed, for on March 3 and 4. 
Term ends with the drama festival 
and Palm Sunday . Service on 
Sunday March 3. 

St Margaret's School Bnshey ’■ 
Spring Term has begun for all 
pupils; Joanne Keirir continues as 
bead girl and . Michelle 'Reynolds os 
deputy bead girl. The confirmation 
service will be conducted by the 
Bishop of St Albans on March IS, 
when the choir also joins Harrow 
School to sing Carmina Burma. 
The school play this term wifi be 
Cavalcade, to be presented on 
Friday, March 21. and Saturday. 
March 22. Term ends on Wednes- 
day, March 26. 

Trent College 
Term began on January 13 at Trent 
and ends on Saturday, March 22. 
Half term is from February 14 to 18. 
Andrew. Crompton continues u 
bead of school and Jerrinv Lee is 
captain of hockey. There are various 
entrance and scholarship examin- 
ations this term; on Saturday 
February 1 for boys to the junior 
school I aged 1 1 by September 1986k 
on Thursday. February 20 for boys 
for music scholarships (aged 13 by 
September) on Saturday, March 8 
for boys and girls to Vl form 
(having taken O levels in Jane 
1986). The building of Martin 
House for 68. VI form girls has 
started. 


Forthcoming marriages 


The Hon P. J. PleydeD-Bonverie 
and Miss J. v. GUmonr 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of the Earl of 
Radnor and Lady Cox. and Jane, 
daughter of Sir Ian and Lady 
Caroline Gilmour. 

Dr C-W.L. Derail 
and Dr B. Avalos 

C. W. L Bevan and Beatrice Avalos 
will be married privately in Cardiff 
on February 1. 1986. 

Mr HL R. F. Borgs 
and Mrs M. Reece 
Tbe engagement is announced, and 
the marriage wifi take place shortly 
between H. R. F. Borgs, of Kcrapen, 
Germany, and Guildford. Surrey, 
and Mcl Reece, of Belgravia, 
London. 

Dr M- R. Buckingham 
add Miss C. R. L. Holder 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr and 
Mrs R. Buckingham, of Sidcup. 
Kent, and Clare, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs C. W. HoMer, of 
Worcester. 

Captain M. J. Donovan 
and Second Officer M. S, Greena- 
way, WRNS 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark Donovan MBE, 
Intelligence Corps, cider son of Mr 
and Mrs J. P. Donovan, of 
Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex; and 
Marion, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs F. w. Greenaway, of Bognor 
Regis, Sussex. ' 


MrS. Cole 
and Miss C. Seip 

■The engagement is announced 
berreen Suuou, second son of Mr 
Pctu Cole and Mrs Frances Cole, of 
Lindfield. Sussex, and Christl 
vo ungcr daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Paul Seip. of Rombuet, Attaints, 
Switzerland. 

Mr J. J. Delaney 
and Miss E. Johnson 
The marriage has been arranged, 
and will take place quietly in April 
between John Delaney, of Lewes, 
Sussex, and Elizabeth Johnson, of 
Petwonh, Sussex. 

Mr M. Crane 

and Miss A. L. Waterhouse 
The engagement is announced 
between Michel onlv son of Mr and 
Mrs Roger Graue, of Wembley, and 
Anna-Louisc. only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Thomas 5. Waterhouse, of 
Guisclcy, Yorkshire. 

Mr G. D. Harrin^en 
and Miss L. M. Cooper 
The engagement is announced 
between Gerald, only son of Mrs E. 
Harrington, of Woodford Green. 
Essex, and Lynne, youngest daugh- 
ter of Mrs L. G. Cooper, of 
Ashingdon, Essex- 

Mr R. M. Houre 

and Mrs A. Allen 

The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of the late Mr 
Hugh Hoane, and Mis C. M. Hoare, 
of High Farm. Allexton, Leicester- 
shire, and Alison, daughter of. Mr 
and Mre N. It McDonald, of 
Woodhouse Eaves. 


Mr M. D. Hodgson 
and Miss P. M. Sbaftoc 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, younger sea cf 
Major G. D. Hodgson. MC, TD, of 
Newport. Essex, and Mrs M. G. 
Machlin. of Chilworth. Hampshire, 
and Pauline, only daughter of Mr A. 
F. Sbafloe. of Glcneaglrs. Perth- 
shire. and Mrs M. C. Shaftce. of 
Lassuadc, Mid Lothian. 

Mr M. A. Holmes 
and Miss S. J. Slone kuti 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Mark .Adrian, son of 
Commander J. S. Holmes. RN. and 
Mrs Holmes, of Haverford West, 
Dried, and Sarah Jane, rides', 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D. M. 
Sioneham, of Maoke. Swaiedalr, N 
Yorkshire. 

Mr P. D. Jeffreys 
and Mis V. Church 

The engagement is a nno u n ced 
between® Dominic, son of the 
jate Mr Peter Jeffreys and Mis w. J. 
Germing, and Victoria Carohne, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Peter 
Baden- Powell. 

iJd DoSoraB*. G di PWe Sampietre 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, younger son Of 
Mrs J. F. Lamb and the late 
Commander G B. Lambt DSO. 
DSC of Britford, Wiltshire aad 
Beatrix, only daughter of Senor and 
Seflora Arturo di Pace, of Montevi- 
deo, Uruguay. 


Mr X. M. L a m p 
and Miss S. A. Hopkins 
The engagement is announced 
be;*een Marcus, youngest son of Dr 
ar.d Mrs Denys Laing. of Limps* 
field. Surrey, and. Sarah, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs M. A. 
Hopkins, cf Newport. Gloucester- 

cj;;*;, 

Mr T. R. Matkk 
and Min S. A. E. Walton 
The engagement is announced 
ber-een Mr T. R. MacLie. son of Mr 
and Mrs T. Maride, of GalSton, 
Ayrshire and Susan, elder daughter 
ot Mr aad Mrs B. E. Walton, of 
Cleveland, Ohio. United Stales. 

.Mr A. K. McLean 
aad Miss C.J. Isaac 
The engagement is announced 
between Keith, son of Mr and Mrs 
A. C. McLean, of Dcbden. Essex, 
and Catherine, youngest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs M. L R. Isaac, of 

Ha.-row on the Hill Middlesex. - 
Mr T. A. Miller 
and Dr R. M. Higbet 
The en gag ement is lanotirtCcd 
between Tony, son of Mr and Mrs 
H Mifier, Palmerston North, New 
Zealand, and Ruth, daughter Mr 
and Mrs J. M. HSghct, Geraldine, 
New Zealand. 

Mr P.C. Roberts 
and Mi*» S. E. Heslop 
The engagement is announced 
b e tw een Paul rider son of Professor 
and Mrs A. P. Roberts, of Lisburn, 
Co Antrim, and Sally, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mn J. A. B. 
Heslop, of Cheam. Surrey. 


Mr C. E- P. O'Connor 

and Mbs J. L. Lock wood 
The engagement is announced: 
between Charles, son of Air Yiee- 
Manhal Patrick O’Connor, CB, 
OBE RAF (retd) and Mb O’Con- 
nor, of Wendover, Buckingham- 
shire. and Jennifer, second Amrirter 
of Mr and Mn P. Lockwood, of 
Wbitdeal Buckinghamshire. 


Mr S. C. Pfgaett 
and Fraakia M. Kan tor 
The engagement is announced 
bet w een Simon, son of Mr and Mn 
Derek. Piggou. of Rooney, Hamp- 
shire and Marianne, eldest daughter 
of Dr log and Frau Josef- August 
Kan tor. of Dioslaken. West Ger- 
many. 


Mr C. T. Richardson 
aad Miss J. E-Gooddco 
The en ga g em ent is announced 
between Christopher, son of Major- 
General and Mrs T. A. Ri chardso n, 
of Wimbledon and Juliet, daughter 
of the late Mr Wyndham S acra 
Goodden and Mn w. s, Gooden, of 
Tremayne. St Martin, Hristoc, 
Cornwall. 

Mr HuSdMe _ 
and Mbs J* A. G* h n 
The engagement ** 
between Horst, son of Mn Gr etei 
Srhytr of GCSCVZ, Swlg Bl at W. 
and the late Mr Gdntbcr Scbade. 
and ‘Jayne, danathlw of Dr atw Mrs 
Ralph B. G. Yeo. of Winchester, 
Hampshire. 


Mr C.D. Tamms 
xnd Mits S. M J. Carmichael . 

The engagement is announced 
between Christopher Tamms. TD. 
son of Mr ami Mrs Leslie Tamms, of 
London, and Susan, (laughter of 
Mrs Jane Carmichael and the late 
Mr Geoffrey Carmichael of Wok- 
ing, Surrey. 

Captain S. G. Teqfeon 
aad Miss CL. Wilcox 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Tenison, Royal 
Engineers, son of M^jor V. T. M. R. 
Tenison RA. (Retd), of Little. 
Chaltou. Buckinghamshire, and the 
late Mrs J3I Tenison. and step so n of 
Mrs Anne Tenison. Caroline, 
younger daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Sirs David Wilcox, of 
Shrivenham. Wilbthir r 

Mr C. Walker 
and Mbs A. Batts 

The engagement u • tftnounerd 
between Christopher, am of Mr and 
Mis B, E. Walker, of Bedford, and 
Anne, d augh t er of Mr and Mrs J, 
Berts, of Rounds, Nonhantt. 

Mr R. M.Zdenkx 
and Miss A. F. Burgess 
The en gag e men t is announced 
between Robert, cider son of the late 
Mr George Zdeaka and of Mrs 
Broma Snow, of Northwoodj 
Middlesex and Amanda Younger 
daughter of Major (Retdhand Mrs 
G. J. F- Burgess, of Wetherby, W 
Yorkshire. 


Sir Charles Hams, KBE, died 
in hospital on Jamtaiy 'I4 after a 
short illness. He was 84. 

Between 1919 and 1961' he 
was private secretary to success- 
ive Chief Whips, and will be 
remembered for his contri- 
bution to British public life as a 
servant of governments' of 
widely different political com- 
plexions. 

He started his career at 12, 
Downing Street in 1917, during 
the LIoyd-George coalition 
government as a Conservative 
Parly official. He was appointed 
private secretary in 1919 when 
the joint Chief Whips were 
Captain Frederick Guest (Co- 
alition Liberal) and Lord 
Edmund Talbot (Unionisi). 

When iheiConservative Party 
was out of -office in 1924 and 
between 1929: !and 1931 be 
-worked for : the Opposition 
Chief Whip.^r . 

■ ‘ Subsequently he became an 
established civil servant 7 with 
; the agreement of the -political 
parties and continued as private 
secretary to successive govern- 
ment Chief .Whips ; until' his 
retirement; ia-!961, ’ ; 

.. In all, he Was -jto: serve'/ 
Conservative and Labour Chief 
Whips ftn 4 42. years : arid- the 


MR RONALD BARTON. 

, v ' /• In Jupei946* as the German 

_ Ronald Barton. CBE, doyen army approached Bordeaux, he 
of thelBntish wme comxnumty was obliged tp'Jeavq. on;the last 
in -the. Bordeaux region, died; on ship evacuath^ British people. 
January 6, at his home, Chateau. He served'm t^-British armv as 
• ■ a liaison the free 

• Though proud .of hts. Jnsh. French- forces in~-ihc Middle 
origins, he was. borh a. British ^Ewlsijid lialyl 

t**- w£a. of the 

IsK and rfSfc oca.gghgGer man.so Mjen. For 

as head oPthe wine merchant ^ . partner. Daniel Guesuer 
firm,. Barton & Guestier, foun- 
ded in 1725 by his ancestor 
Thomas Barton, and also as the 
proprietor of the dassed-growth 
estate of Leovilk-Barton and 
Langoa that bad been in the 
family possession since the 
1820s. 

His is one of only two 
families in the Mfrdoc still 
owning any of the 61 vineyard 
estates that wens included in the 
celebrated classification of the 
leading Bordeaux growths matte 
for the Paris Universal Expo- 
sition of 1855. 

He was a conservative, 
though dedicated wine-maker, 
employing only oak fomen- 
tation vats in the traditionally 
appointed cuvier. 


his 

contrived to persuade them that 
Ronald Barton and his property 
wetfe “neutral” rather than 
“enemy”. 

-He returned in 1945 to find 
his vineyards full of weeds, but 
nevertheless made -a dis- 
tinguished wine in that cel- 
ebrated vintage. 

In 1964 the. Canadian distil- 
lery firm of Seagram’s, which 
through' a subsidiary, already 
had a bolding in Barton &. 
Guestier, seemed its control, 
although, for a period. Barton 
retained a anyall bolding in the 
company, but devoted nearly all 
his time to Langoa. . 

, ‘ He was awarded the Croix de 
Guerre and made a Chevalier of 
the Legion <THonneur. 


PROF ALEXANDER d’ENTREVES 


Mr George Monon writes: 

As 1 was jhe English officer 
mentioned in your -splendid 
obituary of Professor Alexander 
tTEntrtves, his actual words to 
me were: “Were you, by any 
ebanoe. at Oxford or Cam- 
, bridge?" When 1 said I was- at 
Cambridge he replied: “Oh, 
alas, I was at the other place.” 

After some months in the Val 
<T Aosta mountains with the 
^partisans, it was' astonishing to 
(meet, this charming, cultured 
figure speaking perfect Ehglish 
and wearing . very En glish 
clothes. 


He was of inestimable help to 
me in trying to straighten out 
the complicated affair s of the 
valley before the arrival of the 
Allied Military Government 
personnel 

We became firm friends and I 
was later with him .at Entrfrves 
when he received tito invitation 
to take the chair , of Italian 
Studies at Oxford. Being, as you 
-said, a devoted Italian, he foil at 
first that he ought ' to stay m 
Italy, X told' him he would be 
helping. Italy more by gomg to 
Oxford. 1 think' 2 give him lhe 
right advice. .• 




SIR JOHN ANDREWS: 

K ? E > who and ' Local.' Gbvert*? 
ot of Commerce; and ‘Finance^ 
e Prime Minister . wasrnadeKBEin 1974 

S forfw? Irelandfrom 1970 Hemarrwd in 1928 Mas 
i oil 107 ?® 5 55P^ ot from Elaine Maynard, .daughter o 
-L 972 , ^ster and M. lames. They had three i 

Senate for anda datogirter. 

SUnC period. . ' men 

a Northern Ireland 
fnvy Counsellor and a Deputy 
l^aiznam for co. Down. 

5011 ^ 

Andrews, CH, war-time Prime 
Mmwer of Nonhem IrelroA 
Bom on July 15, 1903 he served 
an ajgwenuceship to the flix- 

SS. 11 * «4 joined . Jhe 

oinily of John . Andrews “and 


Bi^gadier Sydney C& 
wood, CMG, CBE, M<£ 
died on January 12 at the a] 
-93, -was Deputy Eftrectis 
.Pereonal Services, -War. ® 
1942-46 and Regional Dire 
Somhezn Region, Imperial 
Graves Commission -(9 
quarters Rome) from 19^ 
1957. . • 


# 


Waterman after gaining his 
British title 

A return bout with Gavilan 
had led to a defeat on. points 
during which Waterman took 
severe punishment Neverthe- 
less a match with the British 
lightweight 1 champion Dave 
Chamley at Haningay in April 
1953 was not thought likely to 
present problems for Waterman 
who outscaled his opponent by 
12 pounds. 

In the event after a totally 
one sided fight the referee Ike 
Powell had to rescue Waterman 
from the assaults of Cbarnlcy 
before the end of the fifth 
round, and the British and 
European welterweight cham- 
pion had to be assisted to his 
dressing room. 

Some months later Water- 
man was admitted to hospital 
where he underwent brain 
surgery. He never fought again. 

His brother is Dennis Water- 
man, the actor, of Minder fame. 


4 


§ 


expertise which he developed, 
together with the trust which 
was placed in him by members 
of all parties was tire origin of 
the “present “usual channels” 
concept in the House of 
Commons. 

On his retirement Hugh 
Gaitskell commented “There 
out be no doubt during the 
period- of 1949 to 1951 lhe 
Labour Government had no 
more faithful servant than Sir 
Charles Harris and. his long 
experience of the parliamentary 
machine was of the greatest 
value lo the party during those 
historic years." 

The regard in which he was 
held by the Conservative Party 
is summed up succinctly on the 
inscription on the silver ink 
-stand presented to him on his 
retirement which reads: “From 
the Conservative Chief Whip 
whom he served so well to our 
friend Sir Charles Harris KBE." 

He was . a discreet and ever 
courteous man who epitomized 
the finest qualities of the civil 
.service. 

.-.-He-jis survived by his wife 
: £ftjiIy*' Whom he married in 
..1924"-,;dnd ...by -their ihrc: 
children. ' - 


J 


managin g director. jkh 

held the portfolios of Health died on January 9.He was • 


ss-' 





THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


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V.^s of the Spider 

; |f0naii (15) 

Sure Thing (IS) 

.jC&Qton Haymarket, 

\» Tottenham Court Road 

Re-Animator (18) 

Screea-on-the-Green • 

Death Wish 3 (18) 

Prince Charies; Cannon 
Oxford Street, Haymarket 

Geographically speaking, of tBe 
Spider Woman is ^the work of 
castaways. The film was sbot in 
Brazil, in English; the story is set. in 
ah unspecified. ■ La tin- American 
police stale; and the Ion# prologue of 
production credits indicates- the 
many sources from which the budget 
was raised. It is based on a successful 
1978 novel by Manuel' Ping, an 


self-exile in Brazil. The director, 
Hector Eduardo Babenco, is also 
Argentinian, ' originally of Eastern 
European Jewish extraction. The 
leading players, William Hurt and 
Raul Juba, are -New York stage actors 
who from time to time, appear- with 
distinction on screen. . TW -writer, 
Leonard Schrader (Taxi Driver and 
The Yakuza), is from Hollywood. . 

Puig’s novel is largely a duologue, 
without description. Babenco visua- : 
liras the Setting, be ginning his filni- hy 
teasing the mutjpnotioiL/ A beam of 
sunlight through a window, illumi- 
nates a painting on a rough wall. The 
camera pans around a strange room 
which might be the apartment of 
some flamboyant, magpie . bag-lady: 
bits of bright materials and garments 
are hung or- pegged on lines; a 
makeshift dressing-table is covered in 
pots and pomades. Meanwhile a soft, 
male . voice mesmerically intones a 
tale of erotic melodrama.' At the 
moment in this narrative where the 


.. heroine dips her dainty feet into her 
perfumed bath, we see a pair of feet, 
.'. dainty enough, but undo ubtedly 
masculine, beneath hairy legs and a 
florid dressing wrap. 

Then it is revealed: the 
despite the bizarre home comforts, is 
a prison cell, occupied by two men. 
The owner of the feet and the wrap is- 
Luis Molina (William Hurt), an 
indulgently feminine- homosexual, 
imprisoned as a sexual offender; 
Valentin Arregm fRaul Julia) is a 
. political prisoner; - an asceticafly. 
dedicated revolutionary, puritani- 
cally- macho .and exasperated by 
human frailty - espcially of Molina’s 
land. . • 

■ The? tele which, Molina mins for 
their, mutual amusement is .the story 
of a film which he may hkve once 
seen or may simply be inventing <in 
Baig’s o rigin al , jt is . Val- Lewton's 
1940 Cat People), and which we see • 
intermittently, on screen, in period 
black and white: a farrago about love 
and betrayal in Nazi -occupied 
France. Valentin is hooked, but 
unwillingly, protesting at the'political 
. content and disturbing sexual excite- 
ments. 

The. men’s real-life experiences in a 
way reflect Molina's foolish “ film ". 
Even , while the vicious prison 
authorities are attempting to use him 
to spy on Valentin, Molina has fallen 
in love with his testy companion; and 
Valentin comes to recognize Moli- 
na’s resilience and goodness, and to 
understand that his own rigid ideal of 
what makes a man is not exclusive. 
Though the end is tragic, each man 
has acquired some reward of h uman 
wisdom, greater understanding of 
what constitutes manhood, loyalty 
and love. 

Schrader’s script . would ' have 
benefited from some editing, particu- 
larly around the static middle section 
of the film, yet no scene in the often 
richly comic dSologue is without its 
fascination. This is in large degree 
due to the actors. W illiam Hurt’s 
perfonnace, which won Best Actor 
-prize at tiie Cannes Festival, is 
without fault. Nothing would be 
easier than to overplay the extrava- 
gantly theatrical queen, yet he never 
does. Within the posing and the 
exaggerated gestures there is a 
wonderful precision of psychological 



Fantasy and fact: Sonia Braga, in the taJe-within-a-tale, and William Hurt in Kiss of the Spider Woman 


observation and exact detail: only 
note the moment of comic panic 
when, having duped the prison 
warden into supplying a tuck box, be 
fears that he might forget some vital 
item (camomile lea? preserved 
peaches?) from his shopping list. 

Raul Julia admirably complements 
this more expansive performance. 
Much of the time Babenco empha- 
sizes Valentin’s reticence by having 
him play in shadow, or the 
concealment of a heavy growth of 
beard. With its mix of international 
talents perfectly integrated, Baben- 
co’s realization of Puig’s Kiss of the ’ 
Spider Women offers one of the most 
original and likeable dark-horse films 
of the past year. 

Rob Reiner’s The Sure Thing 
begins ominously like yet another 
teen sex comedy, as two school- 
friends debate the sexual promise of 
their coming year as college fresh- 
men. From the start though the script 
by Steven L. Bloom and Jonathan 
Roberts hints at more wit than is 
usual in the genre; and things start to ■ 


look up a lot with the encounter of 
Gib (John Cusack), junk-food addict 
and reluctant virgin, with Alison 
(Daphne Zuniga), the frigid, priggish 
star of the class. 

The film quickly turns into an 
Eighties It Happened One Night, with 
Gib and Alison, hitch-hiking to 
California for Christmas, as a teenage 
Grille and Colbert. It is even as 
chaste as Capra’s 1934 film; and a 
scene where the couple share a motel 
|yd with, fixed and fulfilled determi- 
nation (admittedly stronger on the 
boy’s part than the girl’s) to stay pare 
has a comic, touching, forgotten 
charm. 

Charm is, indeed, the strong point 
of this surprising film. The young 
players, who are never off screen, are 
believable, attractive and very skilful 
as the thorny relationship develops 
from apparently unrecondlable 
opposition to true love. As with 
Gable and Colbert, the end of the 
journey brings mutual appreciation. 
At their Californian destination 
Alison finds herself as disillusioned 


with her stuffy fiance as Gib is with 
the nubile Sure Thing promised by 
his old school-chum. 

Adapted from a story by H. P. 
Lovecraft, Stuart Gordon’s Re- 
Animator is the style of mortuary 
horror where heads burst and bowels 
snake out of corpses to throttle the 
unwary. It aims for cult status by the 
excess of its horrific special effects 
and by the knowing absurdist 
coinedy of the dialogue. The villain 
is, loo, a reasonably novel character, 
played by Jeffrey Combs as a 
humourless, opinionated young 
scientist who pursues his experi- 
ments in reviving the dead with 
scholarly unconcern for the feet that 
they revive in the form of mindless, 
murderous monsters. 

It all gets pretty disgusting, but 
there are fanny bits like the parody of 
Bernard Hemnann in the musical 
score, and the corpse which carries its 
severed head around in a dish. 

However ferocious and violent, 
there is something pathetically sad 
about Michael Winner's Death Wish 


films: these are the wish dreams of 
the middle-class and middle-aged, 
faced with the frightening perils of 
modern urban life. From mm to film 
Charles Bronson continues to play 
the longed-for hero - a modem 
Robin Hood, White Knight or Wyatt 
Earp - who will rally the courage of 
the little people, unite the good, and 
rid the city of muggers, burglars and 
other dark forces. 

In Death Wish 3 Bronson fin his 
usual character of Kersey) is released 
from gaol to clean up a terrorized 
locality where the police - who 
behave like Keystone Cops anyway - 
have failed dismally. This third 
adventure is not much different from 
its predecessors except in the 
capacity of Bronson's armoury and 
the scale of the holocaust when he 
takes on the city’s combined youth 
gangs. It is a matter of macabre 
curiosity that, to find sufficiently 
devastated locations. Winner filmed 
not in New York but in Lambeth. 

London David Robinson 



in the shriving Souls 


Helaine BlmnenfeM 

Whiteimrs, Coventry = 

Despite the depressed state of' 
public sponsorship for the arts 
at present, new galleries with 
Arts Council and local corpor- ■ 
atkra backing do happily keep 
opening. The latest to my . 
knowledge is White friars in 
Coventry; after a trial run with 
local student work it has as its • 
official opening exhibition -a 
show of recent work by the 
American-born sculptor 

Helaine Bluemenfeld, which- 
runs until Sunday. 

The. building, which, is going 

to be used as a regular sculpture 

gallery, is both beautiful and. 
bizarre. It consists of a range of 
fourteenth-century cloister, 

built in the local pinkish 
sands tone, with above it an 
impressive timber-roofed hall, ' 
originally the white _ friars’ 
dormitory but bearing signs, in 
its Elizabethan windows. Of a 
Tudor conversion to domestic 
purposes. The oddity is that this . 
little medieval enclave survives 
under the wing, as it were, of a. 
giant modern bypass road 
which cuts it off from -the 
Cathedral and the rest of 
historic Coventry. 


Galleries 

Still, soindhow " the two 
worlds co-exist, and that they 
do so is significant of the wide 
usefulness of the exhibition 
.spaces Insi de- the Blumenfeld 
sculptures, which arevery much 
of this century, even specifically 
of this, decade, look completely 
at home in cloister and hall , the 
pink stone of the walls setting 
off admirably the plaster and 
fibre-glass whites, the extraordi- 
narily rich khd varied patinas of 
those in bronze - (so deep and. 
glowing, some of them, that 
they deceive the eye into 
supposing:, the sculptures to be 
made out of some serpentine 
stone). • 

Blumenfeld’s latest . work 
shows a significant advance on 
her last -London show at 
Leinster Fine Art three years 
agp. For one thing, she is the. 
kind of sculptor who thinks and 
works naturally on a large scal e , 
and the hints of preciosity in 
some -of the table-sized works 
arc here-; nowhere in evidence; 
As before, many of the works 
are assemblages of several 
pieces which can (and according 
to the artist should) be varied in 
disposition ,as far -as circum- - 
stances allow. . 

Indeed, Dance ' Project Her 
dining Woman was meant from 


the beginning to be assembled 
by dancers m the course of a 
dance-work by Jacques _ d\Am- 
boise, and so has to be made of] 
something light and manoeuvr- 
able - fibre-glass, in the event - 
though a commission is appar- 
ently in the offing for Blumen- 
feld to carve it in white marble 
for permanent installation. This 
work, is characteristic o£ Blu- 
menfeld in another way: though 
at first glance it appears to be 
abstract, the more one looks at 
it the more one can see the dear 
figurative references. The title 
helps too, but with others one 
needs no title to sense the 
couplings .possible, the animal 
tensions which activate- the 
works from within. 


In some of the most recent 
pieces one can even-see, for the 
first time in Bhunenfeld’s work, 
some - possible like-mindedness 
with her first master, Zadkine: 
in particular the upwardly 
striving, larval eruption of Souls 
has something in common with 
Zadkine’s later work. But the 
predominant impression is one 
of determined, almost cussed, 
individuality. It is well worth 
going to Coventry to savour. ■: 

John RussellTaylor 


Concerts 

Brazen bravado 


BBCSO/Atberton 

Barbican/Radio 3 


The monstrous trumpet fanfare 
of the finale of Rachmaninov’s 
First Symphony heralded on 
Wednesday David Atherton’s 
new appointment as principal 
guest conductor of the BBC 
Symphony Orchestra. This 
symphony, and Tchaikovsky's 
Second Piano Concerto, were a 
curious yet canny choice with 
which to initiate a new relation- 
ship. They made for a pro- 
gramme which will surely have 
startled a wide audience into 
wondering just what we may 
now expect from Mr Atherton 
this side of the Atlantic. 

' Rather like Prokofiev with 
his legendary pink and blue 
notebooks of official an un- 
official ideas, Tchaikovsky, too, 
distinguished unashamedly 
between first and second cate- 
gory works. The Second Piano 
Concerto was written, as he 
admitted, from the motivation 
of sheer boredom. So Atherton 
and John Lill made up their 
minds to brazen out the 30 
minutes of the first movement, 
with its head-thumping bra- 
vado, as LilTs fingers ham- 
mered out one gear-change after, 
another, and flute and piano 
figuration tried to disguise the 
lurches as best as they predict- 
ably could. 

And then, as if to disown its 
beginning, the scene appears to 
change to a violin concerto, 
before turning into a piano trio, 


Capricorn 

Bloomsbury Theatre 


in a slow movement which 
Rodney Friend and Ross Pople 
clearly enjoyed every bit as 
much as Mr LilL There were 
times, in this, the full original 
Version, when the aggrandized 
pump-room ambience wore a 
little thin, and one began to 
wonder if the excising pen of 
Tchaikovsky’s friend Alexander 
Ziloti had not acted wisely after 
alL 

But Atherton certainly knew 
how to get first-rate mileage out 
of second-rate material. In the 
Rachmaninov, though. - he 
turned the tables. Refusing to 
concede the still widely promul- 
gated Cinderella theory of the 
work, be made a powerful case 
for its dramatic sureness and its 
compositional originality.. _He 
lashed his players into sub- 
mission in the first movement’s 
extraordinary alarum of fugal 
writing and laser-like Tunis, and 
exploited every bend and breath 
of Rachmaninov’s long, self- 
generating string writing. 

Having sharpened his orches- 
tra’s responses to a razor-edge, 
be was free To play up what be 
dearly saw as the schizoid 
character of the rest of the work. 
By concentrating on rhythmic 
mirror-images, by setting solos 
in hard, bright relief and 
working up from a firm bass 
foundation, A then on was able 
to control the whirling inven- 
tion of the lullaby-scherzo no 
less superbly than the finale’s 
convulsive unease. 


By order of D. H. Gilbert, aca. Liquidator of P&O Carpets Ltd. 




a long-established 
; Distributors. 


BANKRUPTCY AUCTION 

URGENT LIQUIDATION 

EVENING AUCTION 

AT 7J00 p.m. ON SUNDAY 19th JANUARY 

' Bl gpC CTlON FROM 5WP-m- OP ‘*TAS PORT10N,OHTHE PREMISES OF 

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SsOinHAUDt^STREET,LONDONWI 


Audiences in five centres 
nationwide have plenty to look 
forward to in Capricorn's 
Contemporary Music Network 
programme, which the group 
presented in London on Wed- 
nesday. One might shed a brief 
tear for the fact that the least 
effective piece is also the only 
British one; but even that work 
has its positive points, although 
its two companions are surely 
masterpieces. 

Alfred Schnittke’s Piano 
Quintet of 1976 can be judged 
thus on the strength of its 
emotional power, which quite 
justifies this composer's pos- 
ition as Shostakovich's natural 
successor. Indeed there are 
blatant linguistic similarities 
between the two men, not only 
in the spareness and diatonic 
nature of much of their most 
effective writing but in the way 
both readily exploit ironic 
banality - hoe, for example, in 
the distorted salon waltz that 
characterizes the second move- 
ment. . 

But the influences upon 
Schnittke range wide. In the 
game movement the wailing 
and shrieking clusters recall 
moments from Penderecki 
(Threnody) or Lutoslawski 
(Funeral Music), while the 
mie rotonal wanderings of - the 
third movement, an im- 
passion ed lament, tempt One to 

suppose a familiarity with Ives. 
The overall effect, however, is 
far from piecemeal. The com- 


Hilary Finch 


poser’s grief and self question- 
ing (triggered, be claims, by the 
death of his mother, although it 
is tempting to assume socio- 
political connections) are tho- 
roughly explored before being 
laid gently to rest in the final D 
flat major pa ssacagli a. 

Just as intense, though in a 
markedly different manner, is 
Ligeti's Horn Trio (1982), in 
which everything possible and 
impossible seems to happen, 
often all at once. There is the 
frenetic, complex jazziness: of 
the second movement, for 
example, and the gritty dis- 
placements of the even mare 
hectic succeeding “Alla Mar- 
da”, while in the finale, another 
passacaglia, Ligeti creates an 
almost Mahlerian ni ghtmare as 
the notes of the piano become 
lower and louder. 

Jonathan Williams (horn). 
Elizabeth Layton (violin) and 
Julian Jacobson (piano) were 
splendid in this work, as Layton 
and Jacobson had been with 

in 


the Schnittke. David Blake's 
Clarinet Quintet (I9S0) prob- 
ably required just as much 
effort to perform, and the 
clarinettist Anthony Lamb cer- 
tainly gave it with confident, 
well-controlled phrasing and 
timbre. It was a work, too, that 
proved predominantly lyrical 
and easy on the ear, despite its 
variety of moods And manners. 
In this context, however, it 
seemed slightly tame; as if 
Blake’s art was concealing his 
artjustalhiletoo deveriy. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Theatre 


Travesties 

Playhouse, Oxford 

Approaching its twelfth birth- 
day. Tom Stoppard's sly, brittle, 
fitfully brilliant play seems to be 
showing its age. As an exercise 
in convoluted, donnish wit, and 
on the level of intellectual 
pinball, it remains absorbing 
enough, and the more effer- 
vescent passages of dialogue 
continue, to refresh the parts of 
one’s ears that other plays 
cannot reach, but its theatrical 
sleight-of-hand - effects for the 
sake of effects - reminds one all 
too well of the era of wilful 
cultural confusion in which it 
was written. As with many of 
Mr Stoppard’s works, it parado- 
xically Iras more appeal on the 
.page than on the stage. 

' The hook to Richard Wil- 
liams’s brisk, sometimes slick 
production is that it follows on 
from last week’s Importance of 
Being Earnest, which Travesties . 
cannibalizes and mildly sub-* 
verts; indeed, what sense 
Travesties does make would slip 
through the fingers if the older 
play were not reasonably fresh 
in the mind. 

To recap briefly: the present 
work embroiders the hikorical 


"fo 


First World War James Joyce 
directed a production of Earn- 
est which resulted in a ludicrous 
row with an English diplomat 
named Henry Carr concerning 
the ownership of a pair of 
trousers. The other real figures 
roped in to play surrcal'roles are 
Lenin, his wife Nadya and 
Tristan Tzara, the Daddy of 
Dada - which, as the script 
somewhat repetiriousiy points 
out, is Russian for “Yes, yes”. 

Marty Flood's faux-marbre 
set of last week has been draped 
with dust-sheets, and the same 
players take on their parallel 
roles. Christine Kavanagh’s 
Gwendolen and Natalie Ogle’s 
Cecily (the “e” pronounced as 
written this time around) work 
extremely well together, particu- 
larly in the “Oh Mrs Carr” duet, 
although Miss Ogle seems more 
muted than she should be and 
has not a perfect grasp of her 
lines. Chris Hunter plays Henry 
Carr with dapper precision, but 
the most successful perform- 
ance is David Mallinson’s 
Joyce: the saint of formalism 
seen in flamboyant mood, hat, 
cane, extravagant gestures and 
alL 

Martin Cropper 


A Day Down a 
Goldmine 

ICA 


There is a little original H. G. 
Wells in all of us that must 
warm to a show where the 
finger of God is lowered from 
the flies on a fishing-line and 
pulled up again with a small 
sheep in crumply kapok at- 
tached to the hook. The 
philosophic point expressed 
may be neither ori ginal nor 
precise but the joke is cheeky 
and good cheek is always 
welcome. 

A prizewinner at last year’s 
Edinburgh Festival, George 
Wyltie’s show is a short hop 
Through the history of religion, 
finance and lies. __ “Be sus- 
picious” is his refrain, spoken, 
intoned and sung at suitable 
points in the story by Bill 
Paterson, our guide, and by Mr 
Wyihe himself) acting as stage- 
manager, ukulele-player and 
maker of eccentric sculpture. 
Tony Gorman expresses the 
same' refrain on alto sax and 
Ante. 

Festival committees can 
throw out prizes to whom they 
like, and one must remember 
how terrible the competition 
mostly is. A show that is 
fundamentally serious, makes 
clever use of props and is fairly 
unusual in theme deserves to 
win something. Whether that 
Midlothian glory should be 
followed by a journey into 
London's harsh lights is more 
doubtful 

It is ideal festival fare - 
audiences will appreciate it on 
the university circuit - but the 
more sophisticated will find it 
short ofbeefL 

Bin Paterson las the attent- 
ive but unsmiling face one 
guesses lies beneath, the make- 
up of a arcus down. He starts 


his illustrated lecture on a stage 
carefully cluttered with the bent 
wires and suggestive shapes of 
Wyllie’s moving sculptures. 

Greek temple and church 
lectern await their turn to be 
mocked. A wooden rainbow is 
there to be pulled in halt Gold 
bricks lie about. Mr Paterson in 
wizard’s cap wildly chopping 
rubbish with an axe neatly 
captures the mad muddle of 
alchemy. 

Other jokes look more like 
the anxious lecturer's japes to 
bold attention. Enormous 
labour must have been devoted 
to making the sizeable eagle in 
star-spangled tatters flat on its 
back just to illustrate the Wall 
Street Crash. 

Jeremy Kingston 


Television 

Question 
of age 


The world's oldest man is a 
Japanese who lives on a coral 
i sland and has just taken a fancy 
to the local firewater. He is 120. 
In Britain there are more than 
3,000 centenarians in receipt of 
a telegram - or telemessage - 
from the Queen. This is 10 
times more than 30 years ago. 

Retreating from the fray of 
child sex abuse, TV Eye 
(Thames) last night tried to 
investigate why more of us are 
ageing better. It was a stum- 
bling. inconclusive programme 
depending largely on a home- 
grown questionnaire which had 
the undertones of a quiz. 

Explanations given by 100 
centenarians as to why they 
thought they had lived so long 
were at variance with medical 
opinion (which pointed at 
smoking and drink as negative 
key factors and also, though it 
was left totally unexplained, 
heredity). “Not having a lot of 
money and doin’ a' right” was 
one woman’s recipe. “Never 
deceive' anybody” was an- 
other’s, while talking “to who I 
like” was the answer of a former 
suffragette now campaigning to 
save her local post office. What 
would she like to do now, asked 
the reporter John Withington. 
“Td like to travel”, she replied, 
an eye no doubt on the Ms 
Centenarian of the Year title. 

Caught in its own net of 
having to go through the 
survey's dreary and obvious 
findings. TV Eye had no time to 
examine foreign research or the 
question of diet. All we really 
learnt was that are eight times 
as many women over 100 as 
men, that this gives no pleasure 
to Manny Shinwell who now 
“has no sex drive at all”, and 
that Britain's two oldest men 
and women live in Swansea. 

John Evans, at 108 the oldest 
man, was 73 when he checked 
out of the mines - the very age 
that the novelist Angus Wilson 
has chosen to leave the country. 
In one of its more superior 
editions. Bookmark (BBC 11 
look the colourful sage back to 
his abandoned haunts. 

“Pm sure neurotic people do 
seek for embodiments of what 
they fear”, he said of Mrs 
Thatcher, the reason for . his 
going. With her philistinism, 
her emphasis on money, she 
had taken his mind up with 
political questions at a time 
when he wanted to relax. His 
pilgrimage home so soon, to 
Dolphin Square and the British 
Museum (though not to Sud- 
bury). was a fragmentary trip in 
Ian Hamilton's company, and 
relied, oddly, on someone else 
to read out his work. It did elicit 
one new story: how he had once 
been blackmailed by a boy- 
friend - a cockney called 
Charlie with connections in 
butchering. 

Bookmark also featured an 
interview with a first-time 
writer called Simon Burt. While 
it was good to see Nigel 
Williams reverting to his native 
English for this, he did show 
some insensitivity in trying to 
pigeon-hole Burt, a gentle, 
repressed Catholic whose pub- 
lisher he shares, as a gay writer. 

By far the most successful 
part of the programme was a 
piece on the detective writer 
H. R. F. Keating (directed by 
one Roland Keating). Cajoling 
the author to enter the spirit of 
his own creation, the timid 
Inspector Gbote, it explored 
with intelligence and imagin- 
ation how a writer who has 
never been in India has been 
able to capture the land so well. 
What it missed was a more 
thorough and valuable look, 
when he did make the trip, at 
what he had got wrong. 

Nicholas 

Shakespeare 


• The 1986 Spolelo Festival 
USA. in Charleston, South 
Carolina, from May 23 to June 
8, celebrates its tenth anniver- 
sary and also the seventy-fifth 
birthday of its founder and 
artistic director Gian Carlo 
Menotti. His opera The Saint of 
Bleecker Street is among the 
main events. 

• Peter Sallis, most widely 
familiar as Clegg in the tele- 
vision series Last of the 
Summer Wine, heads the cast of 
Pride and Prejudice, a new 
adaptation by David PownaU of 
Jane Austen’s novel, which 
opens at the Old Vic on January 
29. 


• / “REAGAN BETTER 

CATCH UP WITH THIS ONE!” 

*/ lain Johnstone -THE TIMES 

"A CRACKER JACK THRILLER' 

VARIETY 

<GRIPP1NG...ENTHRALLING... 

...SPECTACULAR!” 

WHAT'S ON 


OK ION’S 
BELT 


NOW SHOWING 

& CANNON 

TOTTENHAM COURT ROAD 
Tel: 01-6 Z6 6)48 











k SPECIAL REPORT ON 

HARWELL 


1 

1 



TIMES 


January 17, 1986 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 


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The name Harwell is synonomous 
with the origins of nuclear power in 
ihc UK. Founded 40 years ago. ii was 
lhc proving ground for ihe physicists, 
chemists and engineers who were ihc 
first generation of British nuclear 
scientists. responsible for the 
exploitation of atomic energy. 

It is now one of the largest contract 
research laboratories in the world, 
with an income of more than £100. 
million a year, divided between work 
paid for by the Government and the 
nuclear power industry and 1.200 
contracts wonh £1 million a week for 
customers in the UK and oterseas. 

The initial nuclear energy work in 
Britain had three strands: the first 
was the Harwell research centre, the 
second a directorate of atomic energy- 
production to build plants which 
make fissile material, and third, an 
armament research department. 

By 1954. when activities were 
growing rapidly on ail fronts, the 
Government created the UK Atomic 
Energy Authority (UKAEA) to 
embrace all basic research to 
underpin nuclear technology. But to 
the public at large. Harwell was the 
British atomic energy effort. 

U is now on the verge of a fourth 
activity - a process of becoming a 
more commercial operation. During 
its growth, Harwell has contributed 
to much of the British nuclear family, 
including Amersham International, 
ihe nuclear reactor divisions of the 




Central Electricity Generating Board 
and the South of Scotland Electricity 
Board, and British Nuclear Fuels. 

The fundamental research in 
nuclear physics also ushered in the 
era of Big Science, the name 
describing the new types of study 
needing laigc experimental ma- 
chines. atomic piles and accelerators. 

The trend was to spill into 
academic research generally, and it 
was helped when parts of Harwell 
were hived off to create what is now 
the Rutherford-Appleton laboratory, 
which co-ordinates university work 
in particle physics, and the Culham 

It is alma mater for 30 
professors who worked 
on nuclear fission 

laboratory which researches into 
fusion. 

The establishment is also the alma 
mater for 30 professors, who have 
passed on to the emerging generation 
of nuclear scientists the intricacies of 
atomic fission. 

Distinguished alumni include 
Brian (now Lord) Flowers, vice- 
chancellor of the Royal Commission 
on Environmental Pollution: former 
Harwell director. Waller (now Lord) 
Marshall, is chairman of the CEGB: 
the eminent metallurgist. Sir Alan 
Cottrell, master of Jesus College. 
Cambridge and former chief scien- 




The Harwell complex, where Britain's nuclear research had its origins. 
Sir John Cockcroft, top left, the establishment's head, when it was 
founded 40 years ago, and Dr Lewis Roberts, the present director 


litic adviser to the Cabinet: Sir Denys 
Wilkinson, vice-chancellor of Sussex 
University and chairman of the 
Government committee on radio- 
active waste. 

Those who went into industry 
include Sir Monty Finniston and Dr 
Dennis Oliver, technical director at 
Pilkingtons. There were black sheep 
there as well - in the 1950s the atom 
spies Klaus Fuchs and Bruno 
Pontecoryo. 

Harwell came into being on 
January 1. 1946. with the conversion 
of a site which for 10 years had been 
an RAF station. The laboratory was 
formed as a single mission research 
establishment providing a scientific 
foundation to underpin the develop- 
ment of nuclear technology. 

The site was chosen to an exacting 
specification. It had to be not less 
than 10 miles from a large town, 
partly so that no large population 
could be affected by accidental 
discharges of radioactive gaseous 
effluent from the chimney of a pilot- 
sized air-cooled atomic pile., and 
partly to ensure that work was in 
dean, undisturbed surroundings. 

It had also to be near a large 
universilv so ideas would be 


exchanged, thereby ensuring that the 
scientific staff did not become 
intellectually inbred. Light engineer- 
ing services had to be at hand, 
together with good access to London 
and other big cities. 

These requirements had to be 
coupled with a need for nearby 
sparsely inhabited country suitable 
for non-atomic ordnance explosions. 
A minimum area of 100 acres was 

Early indications of 
potential spin-off 
into other industrial use 

sought, and it needed to have readily- 
available large supplies of electricity 
and water, suitable soil for heavy 
load-bearing and a low water-table so 
that underground tanks could be 
built for radioactive liquid handling. 

Buildings were needed for easy 
conversion into laboratories, and 
some houses were required. 

h was almost a paradox that an 
establishment with such clear specifi- 
cations should have had rather vague 
terms of reference for the guidance of 
its first director Professor (later Sir) 
John Cockcroft But he organized in 


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a way now favoured by the leading 
research centres. 

The present director. Dr Lewis 
Roberts, describes the first arrange- 
ment of Harwell as a set of parallel 
and intellectually powerful insti- 
tutions. As a role and the work of 
Harwell evolved, changes were 
necessary to achieve greater cross- 
fertilization. 

At the outset of the establishment 
Sir John, who- had the Prime 
Minister’s ear, was promised “the 
utmost measure of freedom in. 
control". All he was asked was “to 
devise an organization that would 
ensure vigorous development of 
atomic energy". 

It was through the bond with 
universities forgo! by Sir John that 
the reputation of Harwell as a centre 
of scientific excellence was estab- 
lished. In the early years, physicists 
and mathematicians were by far the 
most numerous discipline - later it 
was the chemists, metallurgists and 
engineers who were to be of crucial 
importance in the practical appli- 
cation of nuclear power. 

An obvious source of recruits was 
from the scientists who had been 
seconded to the Manhattan project, 
the production of the first atomic 
bombs in the United Stales. 

Another was from the universities 
- Oxford. Cambridge. Birmingham 
and Liverpool in particular - whose 


scientists had worked for the secret 
wartime agency Tube Alloys, the 
codename give by the Ministry of- 
Supply for its atomic energy projects. 

Harwell also attracted physicists 
with electronics expertise' who had 
worked on the radar projects. Their 
research into instruments and solid 
state materials was among the early 
indications of the potential spin-off" 
from Harwell into -other industrial 
fields. 

But the first achievements have in 
a way lasted the longest. By July 1 948 
a research nuclear reactor called 
Bepo was commissioned and became . 
the workhorse of the nuclear research 
programme in Britain for 21 years. 
And a small graphite low-energy, 
experimental pile, called Gleep. was 
in operation even' earlier - it is. still 
running.39 years later. 

Bepo produced the isotopes sup- 
plied for medicine and research by 
Amersham International. But its 
main work was to underpin the 
research that gave rise to British 
reactor technology.. Half Harwell's 
present effort is concerned with the 
reactor development for the 
UKAEA, the Government, the 
generating boards and the nuclear 
industry: After April 1 a fundamental 
change takes place. The UKAEA and 
AERE Harwell, will be a juading fund. 
They are- then in business’ for profit 
and will be allowed to borrow money, 
for expansion. 




Life in the 
atomic club 

The maxim that life begins at. 40 
has been adopted with opti- 
mism by staff at Harwell as the 
theme for their future. For thev 
enter a new era from April, 
when the activities of the 
internationally famous research 
centre are conducted on a 
trading fund basis. 

The changes follow new 
arrangements in the finances of 
the parent body, the UK 
Atomic ' Energy Authority 
(AEA). But it means that in 
.fixture, all work by Harwell will 
be on contract for customers. 
Capital expenditure will be 
funded from' profits on con- 
tracts and depreciation charged 
to customers, and money could 
be borrowed from the National 
Loans Fund 

- lrr effect; Harwell will be able 
to operate like a private 
company, whose shares are 
owned by the Treasury. The 
alterations follow a review of 
the AEA made last year for the 
Department of Energy. The 
cond usontwot 
• The AEA should not be 

Continued on page 19 


R&D for the Nuclear liulustn 


Harwell technology has helped many companies 
to develop new products and processes — and to 
win orders in overseas markets. 


Advanced Materials 
Chemical Engineering 


Non - Destructive Testing 


: *-.v G; 





Biotechnology 


Offshore Technology 


Microelectronics & Instrumentation 


We work for individual companies, for groups of customers sharing a 
common interest, and as sub-contractors supplying special expertise 
within larger contracts . 

For further information about how we work for customers and for a copy 
of our new Directory of Harwell Technology, please contact: 

MrD FJephcott, B329 Harwell Laboratory, Oxfordshire OX11 ORA . 

Telephone Abingdon (0235) 24141 extension 2600 

Telex 831 35 


HARWELL 

Technology for Industry 


-. ". : s' 


Information Technology 


Environmental Science 


Combustion & Heat Transfer 


. . . could your company benefit 

from a link with Harwell . 0 


‘•(•/a; • ; 

. •» ■#*> all- 












Research Laboratory of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority 


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Feb 23: BNR invest £1,000000 
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Aug 29: BNRfewest £1000000 
Aug 30: BNR fewest £1000000 
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Sep 1: BNR fewest 0.000000 
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Sep 3: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 4: BNR fewest £1000.000 
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Sep 7: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 8: BNR fewest £3000.000 
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Sep 10; BNR invest £1000000 
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Sep 12 BNR fewest £1000.000 
Sep 13: BNR fewest £1,000.000 
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Sep 16: BNR invert £1000000 
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Sep 18: BNR invest £1000.000 
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Sep 20: BNR invest £1000.000 
Sep 21: BNFL invert £L 000000 
Sep 22: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 23: BNRfenest £1000000 
Sep 24; BNRfewest £1000000 
Sep 25: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 26: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 27: BNRfewest £1000000 
Sep 28: BNRfewest £1000000 
Sep 29: BNR in vert £1000000 
Sep 30: BNR fewest £1000000 
Oct 1: BNR fewest £1000000 
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Oct 11 BNR in vert £3000000 
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Oct 17: BNRfewest £1000000 
Oct 18: BNRfewest £1000000 
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Feb 16: BNR fewest £1000000 
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Feb 20: BNR in vert £1000000 
Feb 21 :BNR fewest £1000000 
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Mar 15; BNR invest £1000000 
Mar 16: BN Rawest £1000.000 
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Mar 21: BNR fewest £1000.000 
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Mar 24: BNRfenest £1000000 
Mar 25: BNR in vest £1000000 
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Mar 29: BNR fewest £1000 000 
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Apr.6: BNR in vert £1000000 
Apr 7: BNRfewert £1000000 
Apr 8: BNR invest <3000000 
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Apr 10: BNR fewest £1000,000 
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Apr 12: BNRfewest £1000000 
Apr 13: BNR invest £1000000 
Apr 14: BNRfewert £1000000 
Apr 15: BNR fewest £1000,000 
Apr 16: BNR Invert £1000000 
Apr 17: BNR invert <3000000 
Apr lft BNR invert £3000,000 
Apr lft BNR fewest £1000000 
Apr 20: BNRfewert <3000000 
Apr 21: BNR fewest £1000000 
Apr 22: BNR fewest £1000000 
Apr 23: BN R awest £1000 000 
Apr 24 : BNR in vert 0000.000 
Apr 2& BNR invert 0000.000 


Aug ft BNR invert <3000000 
Aug 10: BNRnvest 0000.000 
Aug 11: BNRfewert £1000 000 
Aug 12: BNR invert 0000.000 
Aug 13: BNR'swert £1000,000 
Aug 14: BNRfewest £1000 000 
Aug 15: BNR invest £1000000 
Astg 16: BNR invert <3.000000 
Aug 17; BNR invest £1000,000 
Aug IS: BNR Invest £1000000 
Aug lft BNRfewert <3000000 
Aug 20: BNR Invest £1000000 
Aug 2 1 : BNR fewest £1000.000 
Aug 22: BNRfewert £1000000 
Aug 23: BNRfewest £1000000 
Aug 24: BNR invest £1000.000 
Aug 25: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Aug 26: BNR invest £1000000 
Au* 27: BNR fewest £1000000 
Aug 2& BNR invert £1000000 
Aug 29; BNRfewert £1000000 
Aug 30. BNR Invert £3.000.000 
Aug 31: BFfil fewest £1000.000 
Sep 1: BNRfewert £1000.000 
BNRfewert £1000.000 
BNR fewest <3000.000 
BNR ki vert £1000,000 
BNRfewert £1.000,000 
BNR fewest £1000000 
BNFL fewest <3,000000 
BNRfewest £1000000 
BNR invest £1000.000 
Sap 10: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 11: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 12: BNR invert £1000.000 
Sep 13; BNRfenest £1000.000 
Sep 14: BNR invest £1.000.000 
Sep 15: BNRfewest £1000.000 
Sep 16: BNR invert £1000.000 
Sep 17: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 18: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 19 BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 20- BNR Invest £1000000 
Sep 21 BNRfewest £1000000 
Sep 22: BNR invert £1000.000 
Sep 23: BNRfewert £1000000 
Sep 24; BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 25: BNRfewert £3000000 
Sep 26: BNRfewert £1000000 
Sep 27: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 28: BNRfewest £1000.000 
Sep 2ft BNRfewert £1000000 
Sep 30: BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 1: BNRfewert £1000.000 
BNR invest £1.000000 
BNRfewert £1000000 
BNRfewest £1000000 
BNR Invert £1000000 
BNR In vest <3000.000 
BNRfewert £1000.000 
BNRfewert £1000000 
BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 10; BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 11: BNR invest £1000000 
Oct 12: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Oct 13: BNR irvert ROOD 000 
Oct 14: BNR fewest £1000000 


Oct 2: 
Oct 3. 
Oct 4: 
Oetft 
Oct 6: 
Oct 7: 


Jan 31: BNR fenest£LOOO0OO 
Fetal. BNFL invert £1000000 
Feb ft BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb ft BNRfewert £1000.000 
Feb 4: BNR invert £1000000 
Feb 5: BNRfewert £1000000 
Feb 6: BNR Invest £1000000 
Feb 7: BNR fewest £1000000 
Fab 8: BNR fewest £1000,000 
Feb 9: BNR fewest £3000000 
Feb 10: BN Rawest £1000000 
Feb II: BNR invert £1000000 
Feb 12: BNR fewest £1000000 
Fife 13: BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Feb 14; BNR invert £1000000 
Feb 15: BNR invert £1.000000 
Fab 16: BN Rawest £3000000 
Fab 17: BNR invert £1000.000 
Feb 18: BNR Invert <3.000000 
Feb 19: BNR fewest £3000000 
Feb 20: BNR invest £3000000 
Feb 21: BN R fewesU3.000.000 
Feb 22: BN FUnvert £1000,000 
Feb 23: BNR fewest'H, 000000 
Feb 24: BNFUnvest £1000.000 
Feb 2 5 BNR in vert £1000000 
Feb 26: BNR invert £1000000 
Feb 27: HNRfetvcrtflOOO.OOO 
Feb 2B: BNR invert £1000000 
Feb 29: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Marl: BNR invest £1000000 
Mar 2; BNR invert £1000.000 
Mar 3: BNR invest £1000000 
Mar 4- BNR fewest <1,000000 
Mar 5: BNR invert £1000000 
Mar 6: BNR In vert <3000.000 
Mar 7: BNR invert 0000.000 
Mar B. BNR invest £1000.000 
Mar 9: BNR invert £1000.000 
Mar 10: BNR In vert £1000000 
Mar 11: OiR fewest 0000.000 
Mar 12: MR fewest <3000000 
Mar 1 3: BNR invest 0,000 000 
Mar 14: BNR fewest £1000000 
Mar 15: BNR awert £1000000 
Mar 16- BNFl fewest £1000000 
Mir 17: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar lft BNRfewest £1000000 
Mar lft BN Rawest 13000000 
Mar 20: BNR fewest 0,000000 
Mar 21: BNR invest £1000000 
Mar 22: BNR invest <3000000 
Mar 23: BNR invert £1000000 
Mar 24: BNR fewest £1000000 
Mar 25: BNR fewest £1000000 
Mar 26: BNR fewest C0OO0OO 
Mar 27: BNR invest £1000000 
Mar 2ftBNRfeivesti30OO0OO 
Mar 2ft BNR invert £1000000 
Mar 30: BNR invest <3000.000 
Mar 3 1: BNR In vert £1000000 
Apr l: BNR Invest £1000000 
Apr 2: BNR Invest £1000000 
Apr 3: BNR Invert £1000.000 
Apr 4: BNR fewest £1000000 
AprS: BNR in vest £1000.000 
Apr 6: BNR Invest <3000000 


Jul 17: BNR invest <3000000 
Jd lft BNR invert £1000000 
Jullft BNR fewest £1000000 
Jul 20: BNFL Invert £1000000 
Jd 21; BNRfewert £1000000 
Jul 22: BNR invest <3000000 
Jut 23: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jul 24: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jul 25; BNR fewest £1000000 
id 26: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jul 27: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jul 28: BNR invest £1000000 
Jul 2ft BNRfei vast £1000.000 
Jui 30; BNR Invert £1000.000 
Jul 31: BNRfewest £1000000 
Aug 2: BNFL invert £1000000 
Aug 2: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Aug 3: BNR invert £1000000 
Aug 4: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Aug 5: BNR invert £1000000 
Aug 6: BNR fewest £1000000 
Aug 7: BNR inert £1000000 
Aug 8: WOT. fewest 0000.000 
Aug 9: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Aug 10: BNR invert £1000 000 
Aug 1 1: BNR fewest £1,000000 
Aug 12: BNR invest £1000.000 
Aug 13: BNRfewest £1000.000 
Aug 1 4: BNR fewest £1.000000 
Aug 15: BNRfewert £1000000 
Aug 16: BNRfewest £1000000 
Aug 17: BNR invert £1.000000 
Aug 18: BNRewest <3000000 
Aue 19: BNRfewest <3.000.000 
Aug 2ft BNRhwert £1000000 
Aug 21: BNR fewest <3000.000 
Aug 22: BNR invert <3000.000 
Aug 23: BNRfewert £1000000 
Aug 24: BNR Invert £1000.000 
Aug 25; BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Aug 26: BNR in vert £1000.000 
Aug 27: BNR invest £1.000.000 
Aug 2ft BNRfewert £1000000 
Aug 29: BNRfewestn.000.000 
Aug 30: BNR invert £1000000 
Aug 31- BNR fewest <3000.000 
Sep 1- BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 2: BNRfewest £1000,000 
Sep 3: BNRinvestXI.DOO.000 
Sep 4: BNR In vert <3000000 
Sep 5- BNR invest £1000.000 
Sep 6: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Sep 7: BNR invert £1000.000 
Sep 8: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 9: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 10: BNR fewest fi.000.000 
Sep 11: BNRfewert <3000.000 
Sep 12: BNRfewert £1000000 
Sep 13: BNR in vest £1000000 
Sap 14: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 15: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Sap 16: BNR fewest <3000.000 
Sep 17: BNRfewert £1000000 
Sep 18. BNR invest £1000000 
Sep 19: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Sap 20: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 21: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Sep 22: BNR invert £1000000 
Sep 23: BNR in vert <3000,000 
Sep 24: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 25: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 26: BNRfewert £1000000 
Sep 27: BNR in vert £1000000 
Sep 28: BNR m vest £1000000 


Dk 25: BNR fewest £1000000 
OaeW; BNR nvest £1000.000 
0ec27; BNRfewert <3000000 

Dec 2ft BNRfewert £1000000 
Dk 2 ft BHRmvwa,o»0M 
Dee 30: BNRfewert £ 1.000000 
Dec31:BNR invert £ 1000.000 
J»l: BNRfewert £1000000 
J« 2 : BNR invest £ 1000,000 
BNR invert £1000 000 
BNR fewes £1000000 

BNR in *m £1000000 

BNR invert £ 1000.000 

BNR invert £1000.000 
BNR invest £1000.000 
BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Jan 10: BNR invest £ 1.000000 
Jan 11: 8NR invert £1000,000 
Jan lft BNR fewest £1000000 
Jan 13: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jan 14: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Jan 15: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Jan 16: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Jan 17: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Jan If: BNR nvest £1.000.000 
Jan 19: BNR invert £1.000000 
Jan 20; BNR invest £1000.000 
Jan 21 BNR invest £1.000000 
Jan 22: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Jan 23. BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jan 24: BNR invert £1000.000 
Jan 25: BWL fewest £1000000 
Jan 26: BNRfewest £1000000 
Jan 27: BNRfei vast <3 000000 
Jan 28: BNR fewesi £1000.000 
Jan 29: BNRfewert £1000000 
Jan 30: BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Jan 31: BNR Invest £1000000 
Feb I: BNR invert £1000.000 
Feb 2- BNRfewert £1000.000 
Feb 3. BNRfewestn.000.000 
Feb 4: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb 5: BNR invest £1,000000 
Feb 6. BNR invest £1.000000 
Feb 7: BNRewest £1000000 
Feb 8: BNRfei vert fLOOO, 000 
Feb 9- BNR invert £1000.000 
Feb 10: BNR invert £1000000 
Feb Lit BNRfewert <3000,000 
Feb lft BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb 13: BNFL fewest £1000.000 
Feb 14: BNR fewest <3000.000 
Feb 15: BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Feb 16: BNRfewest £1.000000 
Feb 17: BNR fewest £1.000000 
Feb lft BNRfewest £1000000 
Feb 19: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb 20: BNR nvest £1.000000 
Feb 21: BNRfenest £1000.000 
Feb 22: BNR invert £1000.000 
Feb 23: BNR invert £1000000 
Feb 24: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb 25: BNR invert £1000.000 
Feb 26: BNR invert £1.000.000 
Feb 27: BNR invert <3000000 
Feb 28: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Marl: BNRfewert £1000 000 
Mar 2- BNRmvest £1000000 
Mar 3: BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Mar 4: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Mar 5: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Mar 6: BNR invert £1.000000 
Mar 7: BNR fewest £1000000 
Mar 8: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Mar ft BNR invest £1000.000 
Mu- 10: BNR Invert <3000000 
Mar 11: BNR invert £1000000 
Mar 12: flNFL invert £1000.000 
Mar 13: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Mar 14: BNRfewest £1000000 
Mar 15: BNR invest <3000000 
Mar 16: BNFL invert £1000000 
Mar 17: BNFLinvea £1000.000 
Mar 18: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Mar 19: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Mar 20: BNR Invert £1.000.000 
Mar 21: BNRfei vest £1000000 
Mar 22- BNRfewest £1000000 


OUR TEN YEAR PLAN 
FOR FUELLING THE ECONOMY. 


Oct 20: BNR fewest £1000,000 ' Apr 26: BNFL invert £1000000 
Oa 21r BNR fewest £1000000 Apr 27; BNRmvest £1000000 


Oct 22: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Oct 23: BNRfewest £1000000 
Oct 24: BNR fewest £1000000 
Oct 25: BNFL invert £1000.000 
Oct 26: BNR fewest £1000000 
Oct 27: BNR invert £1000000 
Oct 28: BNR fewest £1000000 
Oct 2ft BNR fewest £100000(7 
Oct 30: BNR fewest £1000000 
Oct 31: BNR invest £1000000 
No# 1: BNRfewest £1,000.000 
Nov 2: BNR fewest £1000000 
Nov 3; BNR fewest £1000000 
Hbe'4: BNR fewest <3000000 
Nov 5; BNR fewest £1000000 
Nov 6: BNFUnvest £1000000 
Nov 7: BNR fewest £1000000 
Nov 8: BNR fewest £1000000 
Nov 9; BNRfewest £1000.000 


May 6 : BNR invest £1000000 Kov 10: BNR invert £1000000 
Hay 7: BNRfenert£10OO0OO Novll; BNR fewest £1000000 


New 12: BNR invert <3000000 
Nov 13: BNFUnvest £1000000 
Nov 14: JMFt fewest £1000000 
Nov35: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Nov 16: BNFLinvert 0000000 
Nov 17; BNR fewest 0000,000 
Nov 18: BNR fewest 0,000000 
Nov 19: BNR fewest £1000000 
Nov 20; BNFUnvest £1000000 
Now .21! BNR invert £1000000 
Nn^ft BNR fewest £1000000 

Nov2ft BNRfewest £1000.000 

May ZO:BNRfeTWSt£10OO0OO- Nov 24: BNR invert <3000000 May 3 l:BNFL|nvait £1000000 
May 2 l-.BNRfewest £1000000 Nov 25: BNRfewest £1000000 Junl: BNR fewest £1000.000 
May 22: BNRfewert £3000000 Nov 26: BNR fewest 0,000000 
May 23: BNR invert £1000000 Nov 27: BNRfewert £1000000 
- Nov 28: BNR fewest £1000000 


May ft BNRfewert £1000000 
May 9: BNR fewest £1000, 000 
Hay lft BNR fewest £1000000 
May 11:BNR fewest £1000000 
Hay 12: BNR fewest £1000.000 
May 13:BNFUnvert £1000000 
May 14:BNR invest £1000000 
May 15: BNRfewert £1000000 
May 16;BNRfewert£10OO0OO 
May I7:BNRImiBrt£I0OQ0OO 
May 18 :BNRiavert 0,000000 
Hay 19:BNR invest £100 0000 


Apr 2B: BNRinvest £1000000 
Apr 2ft BNFUnvest £1000000 
Apr 30: BNRfewest £1000 000 
May 1: BNRfewest £1000000 
May Z: BNR fewest £1000000 
May 3: BNFUnvest £1000000 
May 4: BNR fewest <3000000 
May 5: BNRfei vert £1000000 
May 6: BNRfewest £1000000 
May 7: BNR invert £1000.000 
Mays: BNR invert £1000000 
Hay ft BNFUnvest £1000000 
May 10: BNR fewest £1000000 
May ll:BNRbwert £1000000 
May 12: BNR fewest £1000.000 
May 13;8NR fewest <3000000 
May 14:SNR invert £1000000 
May 15: BNR invert £1000000 
May lfis BNRfewest £1000000 
Hay 17: BNR fewest £1000000 
Mayl8: BNR fewest £1000000 
May lftBNR fewest £1000000 
May 20: BNRfewert £1000000 
May 21:BNR fewest £1000000 
May 22: BNR invert £1000.000 
May 23: BNR fewest £1000000 
May 24:BNRin vest £1000,000 
Hay 25: BNR fewest ROOO0OO 
May 26: BNR Invert £1000000 
May 27: BNR invert £1000000 
May 28; BNR invert £1000000 
May 23: BNR in vest £1000000 
May 3ft BNR invert <3000,000 


May 24BNR invert £LOOOJK» 

May 25' BKR fewest £1000000 
May 26; BNR in vest£L 000000 
Hay 27: BNR invest £1000000 

May ZftBNRfewest£lOOO0OO 

May 29: BNR fewest £3000000 

May 30: BNRfenest <3000000 
May 31:BMrlinvest £1000000 
Junl: BNRinvest£LOOO0OO 
BNRfewest£LOOO0OO 
BNR invest £1000000 
BNR invest £1000000 
BNR fewest £1000.000 
BNRinvesL£10OO0OO 
BNFL in vest £1000 000 
BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 

BNFL invest £1000000 

Jun 10: BNRinvestflOOaOOO 
Jun 11: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Jun 12: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 13: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 14 BNR invert £1000000 
Jun 15 BNR invest £1000000 
Jun 16 ®IR Invest £1000000 
Jun 17: BNFLmvest £1000000 
Jun 18- BNRmvest £1000000 
Jui 19 BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 2ft BNR insert <3000,000 
Jun 21: BNR awest £1000,000 
Jun 22: BNR fewest £10OO0<W 
Jun 23: BNR invert £1000.000 
Jun 24: BNR invest £1000000 
Jun 25: BNRnwert£lOOO0OO 
Jun 26: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 27- BNR invert £1000000 
Jun 2ft BNRmwrt £1000.000 
Jun 29* BWUnvestflMOOOO 
Jun 30: BNFL fewest £1000000 
Juil. BNR invert £1000^0 

BNR invert £1000000 
BNRfewest £1000000 
BNR must £1000000 

BNR«w*£LOOO0OO 

BNRfewest£LDOO0OO 

BNR invest 0.000000 


Nov 29: BNRfewert £1000000 

Nov 30. BNRmvest £1000.000 
Dee I BNR fewest £1000000 

Dec ft WIR fewest £1000000 

Dec 3: BNRfewest £1000000 

Dec 4: BNRfewest £1000000 

Dec 5: BNRfewert £1000000 
Dec 6: BNR invest £1000000 
Dec 7: BNRfewest £1000,000 
Dec ft BNRfewert £1000,000 . 
Dec 9 BNR invert £1000000 
Dec lft BPffLfenestfUXXUXX) 
Dec 11: BNRfenest £1000000 
Dec 12: BWRinvert £1000000 
Dec 13: BNRfewest £1000000 
Pec 14: BNRfew es t £100 0 000 
Dec 15: BNR fewest <3000000 
Doc 16- BNR fewest £1000,000 
Dec 17- BNR<mesL£10OO0OO 
Dec 18: BNR invert £1000000 
Dec 19: BNR invert £1000000 
Dec 2ft BNR invest £1000000 
Dec 21: 0NR invest £1000000 
Dec 22:BNR fewest £1000.000 
Dec 23: BNR invest 0000,000 
Dec 24: BNRfewest £1000000 
Dec 25: BNRfewert <3000000 
Dec 26: BNRfewest £1000000 
Dec 27; BNR invert £1000000 
Dec 28: BNRfewert £1000000 
Dec 29: BNRknnrt£U»O0OO 
Dec 30- BNR invert £1000.000 
Dee 31: BNR invert £1000000 
Jan I: ' BNRfewert <3000000 
Jan 2: BNRfewert £1000000 
Jan 3: BNR invert <3000000 
Jan 4: BNR fewest 0,000000 
Jan 5: BNR mvMt £1000,000 
Jan& . BNR fewest <3000000 
Jan 7: BNR invert £1000000 
jan S: BNR fewest £1000000 
jan 9: tMR invest £1000000 
Jan 10: BtfLhnei££L0O00OO 
Jan 11: BNR fewest <3000000 


Jun 2: BNR fewest £1000000 

Jun 3: BNR invest <3000.000 

Jun 4: BNR fewest £1000000 

Jun 5: BNR invest £1000.000 

Jim ft WiR fewest £1000.000 
Jun 7: BNR m vest <3000 000 
Jim 8: BNR invert £1000.000 
Jun 9: BNR fewest £1000 000 
Jun lft BNR Invert <3000000 
Jun 11 BNR invert £1000000 
Am 12: BNRbwnt£lOOO0OO 
Jun 13: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 14: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 15: BNR fewest <3000000 
Jm 16: BNFLmvest £1000000 
Jun 17: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 18: BNFUnvest £1000000 
Jun 19: BNR fewest <3000000 
Jun 2ft BNRfewert £1000000 
Jim 21: BNR fewest £1000000 
Jun 22: BNRmvest £1000000 
Jun 23: HYFL invest £1000000 
Jim 24: BNR invest £1000000 
Jun 25: BNRfewert £1000000 
Jim 26: Bffl fe w est £1000000 
Jon 27: BNRfenwtt £1000000 
Jun 28: BNRfewert <3000000 
Jun 2ft BNRfewest £1000000 
Jun 3ft BNRfewert £1000000 
Juil: BNR fewest <3000000 
Jdft BNR in vert £1000000 
Jdft BNR invert 0000000 
Jul 4; BNRfei vest £1000000 
Jul 5: BNRfewest 0000000 
Jul 6: BNR invest £1000000 
Jui 7: BNR fewest 0,000000 
Julft BNR in vert <3000000 
Jui 9: SNR fewest 0000000 
Jul lft BNR invest 0000000 
Jul 11: BNRfewest £1000000 
Jul lft BNR Invert £1000000 
Jul 13: BNRfei vest £1000000 
Jd 14: BNRnvest <3000000 
Jut 15; BNR fewest 0000000 
Jd 16: BNRfewert 0000000 
Jd 17: BNR invest 0000,000 
Jullft BNR invert 0000000 


Oct 15: BNR invert 0000 000 
Oct 16: BNRfewest 0000000 
Oct 17: BNR invert 0000 000 
Oct lft BNRfewest 0000000 
Oct 19: BNRbwert 0000000 
Oct 20; BNR invert 0000000 
Oct 21: BNRfewest 0000000 
Oct 22: BNR fewest 0000000 
Oct 23: BNR fewest £1000000 
Oct 24: BNRfewest 0000000 
Oct 25: BNRfewert 0000000 
Oct 26: BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 27: BNRfewert 0000000 
Oct 2ft BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 29: BNR invert 0000000 
Oct 30: BNR fewest 0000000 
Oct 31: BNR fewest 0000 000 
Novi: BNR invert 0.000000 
Nov ft BNRmvest 0000000 
Nov 3: BNR fewest 0000000 
Nov 4: BNR fewest 0,000000 
Nov 5: BNR invertflOOO0OO 
Nov 6: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Nov 7: BNR Invert 0000000 
Nov 8: BNR Invert 0000.000 
Nov 9; BiWLowort00OO0OO 
Nov 10: BNRfewest 0000000 
Nov 11: BNR fewast 0000000 
NoV 12: BNR (nvest 0,000,000 
Nov 13: BNR invert 0000000 
Nov 14: BNR fewest 0000000 
Nov 15: BNR invert 0000000 
Nov 16: BNR fewest 0000000 
Nov 17: BNR invert 0000.000 
Nov 18: BNRfewest £1000000 
Nw 19: BNR fewa it 0000000 
Nov 20: BN Rfewert 0000.000 
Nov 21: BNR invert 0000,000 
Nov 22 BNR fewest 0000000 

Nov 23: BNRfewest 0000000 

Nov 24: BNRmvert £1000000 

Nov 25: BNR invert 0000000 

Nor 26: BNR invert 0000000 

Nov 27: BNR fewest 0000000 

Nov 28. BNFUnvert 0000.000 
Nov 29: BNR fewest 0000000 

Nov 3ft BNRfewest 0000.000 

Dec 1. BNR fewest 0000000 

Dec 2: BNRmvest 0000.000 

Dec 3: BNR invest £1.000000 
Dec*: BNR fewest 0000000 
Dec 5: BNR invert 0000000 
Dec 6: BNR invert 0000000 
Dec 7: BNRfenest000Q0OO 
Dec 8: BNR invert <3000. 000 
Dec 9: BNR fei vert 0000000 
Dec lft BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Dec 11: BNR fewest £1000000 
Dec lft BNR invert £1000000 
Dec 13: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dec 14: BNR fewest 00OO0OD 
Dec 15: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dec 16: BNR invert £1000 000 
Dec 17: BNR invert <3.000000 
Dec 18: BNR fewest 0000000 
Dm 19: BNRfewert 0,000000 
Dec 2ft BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dec 21: BNRb»ast£LOOO0OO 
Dee 22: BNR invert 0000.000 
Dec 2ft BNR Invest 0000.000 
Dm 24: 8NR invert 0000000 
Dec 25: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dm 26: BNRfewert £1000,000 
Dee 27; BNR fewest 0000000 
Dec 2ft BNR fewest 0.000000 
DM29.- BNR fewest £3000000 
Dec 30: BNR invert £1000000 
Dec 31:6NRmvort 0000.000 
Jan 1: BNR invert 0000,000 
Jan 2: BNRmvest 0000.000 
Jan 3: BNR invest 11000.000 
Jan*: BtGR fei vest £1000000 
Jan 5: BNRfei vest 0000000 
Jan 6: BNFL fewest 0000000 
Jan 7-. HIRfawert 0000000 
Jan 8; BNR invert 0000000 
Jan 9; 8MR invert 0.000.000 


Apr 7: BNR Invert £1000000 
Apr 8; BNR invert 0000000 
Apr 9: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 10: BNRfewert £1000000 
Apr 11: BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 12: BNRkwgH00OO0OO 
Apr 13: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 14: BNRmvest 0000000 
Apr 15: BNR invert 0000.000 
Apr 16: BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 17: BNRfewert 000)000 
Apr 18: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 19: BNR fewest 0000,000 
Apr 20; BNRfewest00OOjQOO 
Apr 21: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 22: BNRfewest 0000000 
Apr 23: BNR invert 0000000 
Apr 24: BNR invert 0000.000 
Apr 25: 8NRbwert00OO0OO 
Apr 26: BNR invert 0.000.000 
Apr 27: BNR fewest 0000,000 
Apr 2ft BNR in vest 0000000 
Apr 29; BNR fewest 0000.000 
Apr 3D: BNRfewest 0000000 
May 1: BNRfewert 0000.000 
May 2 BNRfewert 0000000 
May 3: BNR fewest £1000.000 
May 4: BNR fewest 0.000000 
May 5: BNRfewert 0000000 
May 6: BNFLfewert 0000000 
May 7: BNR fewest 0000000 
May ft BNR fewest 0000000 
May 9: BNR fewest 0000.000 
May lft BNR fewest £1000000 
May 1 invert £1000000 
May lftBNR fewest 0000000 
May 13-.BNRhwMt00OO.OOO 
May 14: BNR fewest 0000000 
May 15:BNR fewest 0000000 

May 16:BNRfewtrt 0000000 

May 1 7: BNR fewest 0000000 

May 18;BNR invest 0000000 

May 19: BNFUnvest 0000.000 

May 2ftBNR fewest 0000.000 

May 2 1:BNR fewest 0,000000 
May 2 2: BNR fei vert 0000000 

May 23:BNR invert £1000000 

Hay 24: BNR invert 0000000 

May.25: BNR In vert 0000,000 

May 26: BNR invest 0000.000 
May 27: BNR Invert 0000.000 
May 28: BNR fewest 0000-000 
May 29: BNRfewest 0000000 
May 30: BNR fewest £1000000 
May 3 1 : BNR invert 0 .000000 
Junl: BNRfewest 0000000 
Jnoft BNR Invert 0000000 
Jun 3: BNR fewest 0000 .000 
Jun 4: BNRinvert 0000000 
Jun 5: BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 6: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jim 7: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jun ft BNR invest 0000000 
Jun ft BNRfewert 0000000 
Jun 10: BNR invert 0000.000 
Jun 11: BNR invert 0.000000 
Jun lft BNRinvert 0000000 
Jun 13: BNRmvest 0000000 
Jun 14: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jun 15: BNRfewert 0000000 
Jun 16: BNRfewest £1000000 
Jui 17: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jun lft BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 19: BNR fewest £1000,000 
Jun 20: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jim 21: BNR Invert 0000000 
Jun 22: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Jun 23: BNR fei vert 0000000 
Jun 24: 'BNR invert 0000000 
Jim 25: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jun 26: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jun 27: BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 28: BNR invert 0000,000 
Jun 29: 8NR invert 0000.000 
Jun 30: BNR invert 0000.000 
Jul 1: BNRfei vest 0000000 
Jul 2: BNR fewest 0.000000 


Sep 29. BNRmvert 0000.000 
Sep 30: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Oct 1 BNRfewest 0000000 
Oct 2: BNR fewest 0000000 
Oct 3: BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 4: BNRinvert 0000000 
Oct 5: BNRmvest 0000000 
Oct 6: BNRfewert 0000000 
Oct 7: BNRbwert 0000000 
Oetft BNRfewert 0000000 
Oetft BNRinvert 0000000 
Oct 10: BNR fewest 0000000 
Oct 11: BNR fewest 0000,000 
Oct It BNRinvert 0000,000 
Oct 13: BNRfewest 0000,000 
Oct 14: BNRfewest 0000,000 
Oct IS: BNRfewert £1000000 
Oct 16: BN FL invest 0000,000 
0017: BNRinvert 0000000 
Oct 18: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Oct lft BNRinvert 0000.000 
00 20: BNRfewert 0000000 
0O 2 1: ONR fewest 0000000 
Oct 22: BNRinvert 0000000 
Oct 23: BNRfewert 0000.000 
0024: BNRfewest 0000000 
00 25: BNRfewert 0000.000 
0026: BNRinvert 0000000 
0027: BNRinvert £1000000 
Oct 2ft BNRinvert 0000000 
Oct 29: BNRinvert 0009000 
0030: BNRinvert 0000000 
0031; BNRmvest 0000000 
Novi: BNRfewest 0000,000 
Nov ft BNRfewert 0000000 
Nov 3: BNRmvert 0000000 
Nov 4: BNRfewest 0000000 
Nov 5: BNRinvert 0000,000 
Now 6: BNRfewert 0000000 
Nov 7: BNRbwert 0000000 
Nov ft BNRinvert 0000000 

Nov 9: BNRmvert £1000000 

Nov 10: BNR fewest 0000,000 

Nov 1 1: BNRfewert 0000000 

Nov 12: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Nov 13: BNRfewert £1000,000 

Nov 14: BNRmvert 0000000 

Nov 15: BNR fewest 0000000 
Nov 16: BNR Invert 0000000 
Nov 17: BNRinvert £1000,000 
Nov lft BNRmvest 0000000 
Nov 19: BNRbwert 0000.000 
Nov 20: BNRfewert 0000000 
Nov 21: BNRinvert £1000000 
New 22; BNRinvert 0000000 
Nov 23: BNR invest £1000000 
Nov 24: BNRinvert 0000000 
Nov 25: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Nov 26: BNRinvert 0000000 
Nov 27: BNRfewest 0000000 
Nov 28: BNRinvert 0000000 
Nov 29: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Nov 30: BNRinvert 0000000 
Dec 1: BNRinvert 0000,000 
Dec 2: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Dm 3: BNRfewest 0000000 
Dee 4: BNRfewest 0000000 
Dec 5: BNR burnt 0000000 
Dec 6: BNRfewert 0000000 
Dm 7: BNRbwert 0.000000 
Dec B: BNR fewest £1000000 
Dec 9: BNRmvert £1000000 
Dm lft BNR invert £1000.000 
Dm 1 1: BNR invert 0000.000 
Dec 12: BNR invert 0000.000 
Dec 13: BNRfewert 0000000 
Dm 14: BNRfewest 0000000 
Dec 15: BNRinvert £1000.000 
Dec 1& BNRfewert 0000000 
Dec 17: BHRmwtt £1000,000 
Dec lft BNRinvert £1000.000 
Dm 1 9: BNRinvert 0000000 
Dec 20: BNR fewest 0000,000 
Dec 21: EMR invest £1000000 
Dec 22: BNFLinvest 0000000 
Dec 23: BNFLmwrt 0000000 
Dec 24- BNFL mwa 0000.000 


Mar 23: BNRm wist £1000000 
Mar 24: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar 25: BNR invert 0000,000 
Mar 26: BNRmvest 0000000 
Mar 27: BNRmvest 0000000 
Mar 2B: BNRinvut 0.000.000 
Mar 2ft BNR invert 0000.000 
Mar 30: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Mar 3 1: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Apr L- Bfffl invert 0000.000 
Apr 2: BNR invert 0000.000 
Apr 3: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Apr 4: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Apr5: BNRfewert 0.000.000 
Apr 6: BNR fewest 0000,000 
Apr 7: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Apr ft’ BNR invert 0000.000 
Apr 9: BNRmvert 0.000.000 
Apr 10: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Apr 11: BNRfei vest 0000000 
Apr 12: BNRmvert 0000000 
Apr 13: BNR in vert £1000,000 
Apr 14: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Apr 15: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 16: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Apr 17: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 18: BNR invert £1000000 
Apr 19: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 2ft BNRfewert 0000.000 
Apr 21: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 22: BNR invest 0000000 
Apr 23: BNRbwert 0000000 
Apr 24: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Apr 25: BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 26: BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 27: BNRinvert 0000000 
Apr 2ft BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 29: BNRinvert 0000000 
Apr 3ft BNR fewest 0000000 
May 1: BNR Invert 0000000 
May ft BNR invert £1000.000 
May 3: BNRbwert 0000.000 
May 4: BNRinvert 0000000 
May 5: BNR fewest 0000000 
May 6: BNRinvut 0000,000 
May 7: BNRinvert £1000.000 
May ft BNR fewest 0000.000 
May 9: BNRinvert 0000.000 
May 10: BNFL invest 0000.000 

May 1 1 : BNRinvert 0000.000 
May lft BNRfewest 0000000 
May 13: BNR Invert 0000.000 
May 14: BNR Invest 0000000 
May 15: BNR invert 0000,000 
May IfcBNRJnvesi 0000000 
May 17: BNR fewest 0000000 
May 18: BNR invert 0000000 
May lftBNR fewest 0000,000 
May 20:BNR fewest 0000.000 
May 21: BNR invert 0000000 
May 22: BNR invest £1000000 
May 23: BNR invest 0000000 
May 2* ; BNR invert 0000000 
May 25: BNR invest 0000.000 
May 26: BNR invert 0000.060 
May 27: BNR invert £1000000 
May 28:BNR Invert £1000000 
May 2ft BNRbwert 0000.000 
May 3ft BNR fewest 0000.000 
May 31:BNFLfewest 0000.000 
Jon 1: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Jun 2: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jun 3:- BNR Invert £1000.000 
Jun 4: BNR invert 0000.000 
Jun 5; BNRmvest 0000000 
Jun 6; BNR invest £1000000 
Jun 7: BNRfewert 0000000 
Jun ft BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jun ft BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 10: BNRmmrt 0000.000 
Jun II: BNRinvert £1000.000 
Jun 12: BNRfewert 0000000 
Jun 13: BNRfewert 0000,000 
Jun 14: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jun 15: BNR Invest £1000.000 
Jun 16: BNR invert £1.000.000 
Jun 17: BNRfewert £1.000.000 


Jun 18: BNRfewert £1000000 
Jun 19: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Jun 20: BNRfewert £1000000 
Jun 21: BNR invert £1000000 
Jdl22: BNFLfewert 0000000 
Jim 23: BNR invert £2,000000 
Jun 24: BNRfewert £1000.000 
Jun 25: BNRinvert £1000.000 
Jun 26: BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 27- BNR In van 0000000 
Jun 28. BNRmvest 0000000 
Jun 29: BNRmvest 0000.000 
Jun 30: BNRnvest £1.000.000 
Jdl: BNRmvert £1000.000 

-Id 2- BNR invest 0000000 
Jdft BNFUnvest £1.000000 
J“t 4; BNRfewest 0000000 
Jul 5: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Jui 6- BNRfewert £1.000.000 
Jul 7: BNFLfewert 0000000 
Jul B: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jul 9 BNR invest 0000.000 
Jd 10: BNRmvest 0000000 
Jul 11; BNR hwart 0000000 
Jd 12; BNRmvert 0000000 
Jullft BNRmvest 0000000 
Jul U. BNRmvest 0000,000 
Jullft BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jdlfi; BNR Invert 0000.000 
Jd 17: BNR Invert 0OOO0OO 
Jd 18: BNFUnvert £1.000.000 
Jullft BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jul 20: BNR invert 0000.000 
Jul 21 : BNR Invest £ 1000.000 
Jul 22 ; BNR invest 0000.000 
Jul 23: BNR in vest 0000000 
Jd24: BNRmvest £1.000000 
Jd25: BNFL Invert 0000.000 
Jd 26: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Jut 27 BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jul 28: BNRfewert 0000000 
■Id 29- BNR fewest £ 1000.000 
Jul 30: BNR invert £1,000 000 
Jd31: BNRinvestflOOO.OOO 
Bug I- BNR fewest £1000.000 
Aug 2: BNRfei vest £ LOGO. 000 
Aug 3: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Aug 4- BNRmvert 0OO0J7OO 
Aug 5. BNR invert 0000000 
Aug 6: BNRmvest 0.000.000 
Aug 7: BNFL invert £1.000.000 

Aug 8: BNR in vest £ 1 . 000.000 
Aug 9: BNFLmvest 0.000.000 
Aug lft BNR fewest 0.000.000 
Aug 1 1: BNR invert £1000000 
Aug 12: BNR invest £1000.000 
Aug 13: BNRmvest £1000.000 
Aug 14: BNR Invert 0.000.000 
Aug 15: BNFLmvest <1000.000 
Aug 16: BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Aug 1 7: BNRmvest £1.000.000 
Aug 1 8: BNR Invert £1000.000 
Aug 19: BNRmvert 0.000.000 
Aug 20: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Aug 21: BNR surest 0.000.000 
Aug 22: BNR mve st 0000000 
Aug 23; BNR invert 0000000 
Aug 24: BNR invest 0000.000 
Aug 25: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Aug 26; BNR invest 0,000.000 
Aug 27: BNR invest 0000000 
Aug 28: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Aug 29; BNRinvert 0000.000 
Aug 3ft BNRfewest £1000.000 
Aug 31: BNRfewest 0000.000 
Sep L BNR invest 0000.000 
5ep2: BNRmvest £1000.000 
Sep 3: BNR Invert 0000.000 
Sep 4: BNRfewert 0000000 
Sep 5: BNR si vest 0.000000 
Sep 6: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Sep 7: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Sap 8: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Sep 9: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Sep 10- BNR invert 0000.000 
Sep 11: BNR invest 0000000 
Sep 12: BNR mvest 0000.000 
Sep 13: BNRmvert £1000.000 
Sep 14: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Sep 15: BNR fewest £1.000000 
Sep 16: BNRmvest 0000000 
Sep 17: BNR invert 0000000 
Sep 18 BNR invert £100 Q0OO 
Sep lft BNRinvert 0000.000 
Oep 2ft BNR invert 0000.000 
Sep 21: BNFL invert 0.000000 
Sep 22: BNR invest 0000.000 
Sep 23: BNFL invest 0000000 
Sep 24: BNFL invert 0000.000 
Sep 25: BNR fewest £1000000 
Sep 26: BNR invert 0000.000 
Sep 27; BNR invert 0.000000 
Sep 28: BNR invert 0000000 
Sep 2ft BNFL fei vest 0000.000 
Sep 3ft BNFLfewert 0000.000 
Oct 1: BNRmvert 0000000 
00 2: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Oct 3: BNRfewert 0.000000 
004: BNRmvert 0000.000 
00 5: BNRinvert 0000000 
00 6: BNRfenest 0000000 
00 7: BNRmvest 0000000 
008 : BNR fewest 0000000 
00 9: BNRfewert 0000000 
Oct 10-. BNRfewert £1000.000 
Oct 1 1: BNRfei vest 0000000 
0O 12: BNR Invest 0000000 
Oa 13: BNRfewert 0000.000 
00 14: BNRfewert 0000,000 
Oct 15: BNR fewest 0000000 
OO 16: BNR fewest 0000000 
Oa 17: BNRinvert £1000000 
Oct 18: BNRfewert 0000000 
0O 19: BNR invert 0000000 
0020; BNRmvert 0000000 
00 21: BNRfewest 0000.000 
00 22: BNR avert 0000000 
00 23: BNRfenest 0000.000 
00 24: BNRfewert 0.000000 
00 25: BNRinvert 0000000 
0O 26; BNR invert 0000,000 
0027: BNRfewest 0000000 
00 28: BNR fewest 0000000 
00 29: BNRfewert 0000000 
DO 30: BNR fewest 0000000 
00 31: BNRfewest 0000000 
Novi: BNRmvest 0000000 
Nov 2 BNR fewest 0000.000 
Nov 3: BNRinvart 0000.000 
Nov 4: BNRmvert 0000000 

Nov 5; BNR fenast 0000000 

Nov 6: BNRfewert 0000,000 

Nov 7: BNRbwert 0000000 

Nov 8: BNR Invert 0000000 

Nov 9: BNR mvett £1000000 

Nov lft BNRfewert 0.000000 
Nov 11: BNRfewest 0000000 
Nov 12: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Nov lft BNR invest 0000.000 

N w 14: BNR invest 0000.000 

Nov 15; BNRfewert 0000000 
N ov 1 6: BNR fewest 0000000 
Nov 1 7: BNRinvert £1000000 
Nov 18: BNR awert 0000000 
Nov lft BNR invert 0000.000 
Nov 20; BNR invert 0000.000 
Nov 21: BNRfewest 0,000000 
Nov 22: BNR awert 0000.000 
Nov 23: BNR invert 0000.000 
Nov 24; BNRinvert 0000000 
Nov 25: BNRinvert 0.000000 
Nov 26: BNRfewert £1000000 
Nov 27: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Nov 28: BNR invert £1000000 
Nov 2ft BNRbwert 00OO.OOO 
Nov 30; BNR invert 0000.000 
Dec 1; BNR Invert 0000,000 
Dec 2: BNRinvert £1000000 
Dec 3: BNRfewert 0OOO0OO 
Dec 4: BNRinvert 0000000 
Dae 5: BNRmvest 0000.000 
Dec 6; BNRinvert 0000000 
Dec 7; BNFL in was! £1000000 
Dec 8: BNRfewest 0000000 
Dec ft BNR invert 0000000 
Dec 10: BNRinvert £1000.000 
Dec 11; BNRmvest 0000000 
Dec 12: BNRfewest 0000000 
Dee 13; BNRfewert 0000.000 
Dec 14: BNR invert 0000000 
Dec 15: BNRinvert £1000.000 
Dec 16: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dee 1 7: BNR mvett 0000000 
Dee 18: BNRmvest 0000000 
Dec 19: BNR fewest 0000000 
Dec 20: BNFUnvert 0000.000 
Dec 21: BNFLmwrt £1000.000 
Dec 22: BNR fewest 0000.000 


Dec 23: BNFLfewert 0000 000 
Dec 24; BNRmvest 0000.000 
Dec 25: BNR fewest 0000000 
Dec 26: BNR invest 0000000 
Dec 27; BNR invest 0000000 
Dec 28; BNRmvast0.OOO.O0O 
Dec 29: BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Dec 3ft BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dec 31: BNR invert £1000.000 
Jan 1: BNRmvert 0.000.000 
Jan 2; BNFLmvort £1000000 
Jan 3: BNRfeiwtt0.OOO.OOO 
Jan 4: BNR invert 0000.000 
Jan ft BNR avert 0000.000 
Jan 6: BNRinvestfLOOO.OOO 
Jan 7. BNR fewest 0000 000 
Jan8: BNFL fewesi 0000.000 
Jan 9: BNR fewest £1.000.000 
Jan 10: BNRfewest 0000000 
Jan 11: BNR burnt £1000.000 
Jan 12: BNRInvert0OOO0OO 
Janlft BNR feives0, 000.000 
Jan 14; BNR nvest 0000000 
Jan 15: BNR fewest 0.000.000 
Jan 16: BNR invest 0000.000 
Jan 17: BNR mvett 0000.000 
Jan 18: BNR invest 0000.000 
Jan lft BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Jan 2ft BNFL fewest 0000000 
Jan 21: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Jan 22: BNR fewest 0.000000 
Jan 23; BNFL fewest 0000000 
Jan 24: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jan 25: BNRfewest 0000000 
Jan 26: BNFL fewest 0000.000 
Jan 27: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jan 28: BNR fewest 0.000000 
Jan 29- BNRfewest0.OOO.OOO 
Jan 30: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jan 31: BNR fewest 0000000 
Feb!- BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb 2- BNR fewest 0000000 
Feb 3: BNR invest 0000.000 
Feb 4: BNR mvett 0.000.000 
Feb 5- BNRinvert 0.000000 
Feb 6: BNR in wrt 0000.000 
Feb 7: BNFL mvett £1.000.000 
Feb 8: BNRfewert 0.000000 
Feb 9: BNR invert 0 .000.000 
Feb 10 BNR invest 0000,000 
Feb 11: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Feb 12: BNR fewest 0000000 
Feb 13: BNR in vest £1.000.000 
Feb 14; BNR in vert 0000000 
Feb 15: BNRfewest £1000.000 
Feb 16: BNFL awes £1000, 000 
Feb 17: BNR fewest 0000. 000 
Feb IB: BNR fewest 0.000.000 
Feb 19. BNR invest 0.000.000 
Feb 20- BNFL invert 0000.000 
Feb 21. BNR mvett 0.000000 
Feb 22: BNFL fewest £1.000.000 
Feb 23. BNR invest 0000,000 
Feb 24: BNRmvest £1000.000 
Feb 25. BNR fewest 0000.000 
Feb 26: BNFL invert 0000000 
Feb 27: BNFL mvett 0.000000 
Feb 28: BNR invest 0000.000 
Mar 1. BNR in wrt £1000.000 
Mar 2: BNR invest £1.000000 
Mar 3. BNR invert 0000000 
Mar 4: BNFLmwrt £1.000000 
Mar 5: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar 6: BNR fewest £1000000 
Mar 7: BNR fei vest 0000.000 
Mar 8: BNRmvest 0000.000 
Mar 9- BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar lft BNRinwst £1000000 
Mar 1 1: BNR fei wrt 0,000000 
Mar 12: BNR fewest 0000 000 
Mar 13 BNR aiwst 0000.000 
Mar 14: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar lft BNRinvert 0000.000 
Mar 16 BNR invest 0000.000 
Mar 17- BNR invest 0000.000 
Mar 18: BNRm wrt 0000.000 
Mar 19: BNR invert 0000.000 
Mar 20* BNR invert 0 .000.000 
Mar 21: BNRbwert 0OOO0OO 
Mar 22: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar 23: BNR in vest £1000.000 
Mar 24: BNR inwrt00OO0OO 
Mar 25: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar 26: BNR fei wrt 0000000 
Mar 27: BNRfewest 0000.000 
Mar 28: BNFL fewest <1000.000 
Mar 2ft BNR invert 0000,000 
Mar 30: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mar 31: BNFLinvest £10 00000 
Apr 1: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 2: BNRfewest 0000.000 
Apr 3: BNRfewest 0000.000 
Apr 4; BNFL invest 0.000.000 
Apr 5: BNR invert £1000000 
Apr 6- BNRinwst £1000.000 
Apr 7: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 8: BNRfewest 0000000 
Apr 9: BNRfewert £1000000 
Apr lft BNRinwst 0000.000 
Apr 1 1: BNFL invert 0000000 
Apr 12: BNR fewest 0OOO0OO 
Apr 13: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 14: BNR invert 0.000000 
Apr 15: BNR fei vest 0.000.000 
Apr 16: BNR invert £1000000 
Apr 17: BNR fewest 0000000 
Apr 18; BNR fewest 0.000.000 
Apr 19: BNR invert 0.000.000 
Apr 2ft BNFLmvest 0000000 
Apr 21: BNFL fewest 0000.000 
Apr 22: BNRfewert £1000,000 
Apr 23; BNR fewest 0.000.000 
Apr 24; BNR invert 0000.000 
Apr 25: BNFL invest 0000000 
Apr 26: BNR nvest £1000, 000 
Apr 27: BNRfewest 0000.000 
Apr 28: BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 29: BNRfewert 0000000 
Apr 30: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Mayl: BNR fei vest 0000000 
May 2: BNRfewert 0000,000 
May 3: BNRfewert 0000000 
Hay 4: BNRfewert 0000.000 
May 5: BNR fewest 0000.000 
May 6: BNR fewest £1000.000 
May 7: BJR awert £1000000 
May 8; BNRfewert 0000000 
May 9: MR fewest 0.000000 
May 10: BNR invest 0000,000 
May 11: BNRmvest 0000.000 

May 12: BNRfewest 0000000 

May IftBNRfewert 0000000 

May 14: BNR fewest 0000000 

May I5:BNR invert 0000.000 

May 16.BNR fewest 0000.000 

May 17:BNRfewert£10OO0OO 
May lft BNR invest 0000000 

May lftBNRfewest 0000000 

May 2ft BNR mwst 0 ,000.000 

May 21 -BNRnvest 0000000 

May 22: BNR mwst £1000.000 
May 23: BNRinvert 0000000 
May 24: BNR invert 0000.000 
May 25: BNR invest 0000000 
May 26:BNRkivea 0.000.000 
May 2 7: BNR mvett 0000.000 
May 28: BNR fewest 0000.000 
May 29: BNRmwtt 0000000 
May 30: BNRfewert 0.000000 
May 31:BNRinvesl 0.000000 
Jun I: BNFUnvert 0000.000 
Jun 2 BNR mwst 0000.000 
Jim 3: BNR invest 0000000 
Jun 4: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jun ft BNR fewest 0,000000 
Jun 6: BNRmvest £1000000 
Jun 7: BN Rin vest 0000.000 
Jun 8: BNFLmwrt 0000000 
Jim 9: BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 10: BNR invert 0000.000 
Jun 11: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Jun 12: BNRm vert 0000000 
Jim 13: BNR fewest 0000 000 
Jun 14: BNR invert 0000000 
Jun 15; BNRfewest 0000000 
Jun 16: BNRmvest £1000.000 
Jun 17: BNR fei vest 0000.000 
Jim 18: BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Jun 19: BNRinwst 0000000 
Jun 20 BNR invert 0000.000 
Jun 21: BNRmvert £1000.000 
Jun 22: BNRaiwst 0000.000 
Jun 23: BNR invert 0.000000 
Jun 24: BNR invest 0,000000 
Jun 25: BNR mwst 0000.000 
Jun 26 BNFL invest 0000000 
Jun 27: BNR mwst 0000.000 
Jun 28: BNR mwst 0000.000 


Jun 2ft BNFL invert 0,000,000 
Jun 30: BNR invest 0000000 
Jul 1: BNRinwst 0000.000 
Jul 2: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jul 3. BNR fewest 0000000 
Jul 4: BNR Invert 0000000 
Jut 5: BNR invest 0000.000 
Jul 6 BNFL mwst 0000000 
Jul 7: BNR fewest 0000,000 
Jul 8: BNRinvut 0000.000 
Jul 9: BNRfewert 0000000 
Jullft BNRfewest 0000.000 
Jd 11: BNR fewest 0000000 
Jd 12: BNR invert 0.000000 
Jul 13: BNR invert 0000000 
Jul 14: BNRinwrt 0000000 
Jul 15: BNR invest £1000.000 
Jul 16: BNRmvest 0000000 
Jul 17: BNFLfewert 0OOOOOO 
Jul 18 BNRfewest 0000.000 
Jullft BNFL invert 0.000000 
Jul 20: BNR mvett 0000.000 
Jd 21; BNFLinvest £1.000.000 
Jd 22: BNRmvest 0000000 
Jul 23: BNFL fei vest £1000.000 
Jul 24: BNFLfewert 0.000000 
Jul 25: BNR fewest 0.000000 
Jul 26: BNR fewest £1,000000 
Jul 27: BNRmvest 0.000,000 
Jui 28: BNR invest 0000.000 
Jul 2ft BNR invert 0000.000 
Jul 30: BNFLmvest 0000000 
Jul 31: BNR In wrt £1000.000 
Aug i: BNRinvert 0.000000 
Aug 2: BNR mwst 0.000.000 
Aug 3- BNRinwst 0000.000 
Aug 4; BNFLmvest 0000.000 
Aug 5- BNR invest 0000.000 
Aug 6: BNFL invest 0000.000 
Aug 7 BNFL invert 0.000.000 
Aug 8: BNR Invest 0000.000 
Aug 9. BNR in vest 0000.000 
Aug 10: BNR mvett 0.000.000 
Aug II. BNRmvert £1.000.000 
Aug 12: BNR invert 0.000.000 
Aug 13: BNFL invert £1.000.000 
Aug 1 4-. BNR Invert £1000.000 
Aug 15: BNRmvest 0000000 
Aug 16: BNRinvert £1.000.000 
Aug 17: BNR in wrt 0000000 
Aug 1 B. BNR invert £1.000000 
Aug 19 BNR mvett 0000.000 
Aug 20. BNR invest 0000.000 
Aug 21: BNFL invest £ LOGO. 000 
Aug 22: BNRinvert £1000,000 
Aug 23- BNFLmvest £1 000.000 
Aug 24: BNFLmvest £1000.000 
Aug 25: BNRmvert £1000.000 
Aug 26: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Aug 27 BNRmvest £1.000.000 
Aug 28: BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Aug 29- BNR fewest £1000.000 
Aug 30: BNFLmwrt 0.000.000 
Aug 3 1 . BNR m wst 1 1 .000.000 
Sep 1 BNR fei wst 0000.000 
Sep 2- BNRmwtt £1000.000 
Sep 3: BNFL in wst 0000.000 
Sep 4: BNFLmvest £1000.000 
Sep 5. BNR fewest 0000.000 
Sep 6 BNRmwtt 0.000000 
Sep 7-. BNRfewest 0.000.000 
Sep 8: BNRmvert 0000,000 
Sep 9: BNFLinvest 0000000 
Sep 10: BNR invert 0000.000 
Sep 11: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Sep 12: BNFLmwrt 0000000 
Sep 13: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Sep 14. BNRinvert £1.000.000 
Sep IS: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Sep 16: BNFLmvest 0000.000 
Sep 17: BNRinwrt £1000.000 
Sep 18. BNRfewert 0000.000 
Sep 19: BNRfewest 0 000.000 
Sep 20: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Sep 2 1: BNR invest 0000000 
Sep 22: BNRmvest 0.000.000 
Sep 23: BNRmvest £1000.000 
Sep 24: BNRmvert £1000.000 
Sep 25: BNFL invest 0000.000 
Sep 26: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Sep 27: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Sep 28: BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Sep 29: BNRinwst 0000.000 
Sep 30; BNRmvest 0000.000 
0« 1: BNRmvest 0000.000 
Oct 2: BNR invert 0.000000 
Oct 3; BNRinvert 0000.000 
Oct 4: BNRinwst 0000.000 
Oct 5. BNRinwst £1000.000 
Oct 6; BNRinwrt 0.000.000 
Oct 7; BNR invest 0000.000 
Oct 8: BNFL invest 0000000 
Oct 9: BNRmvest 0000000 
Oct 10: BNRinwst 0000.000 
Oa 1 1: BNRinwst 0.000.000 
Oa 12: BNR mwst 0000.000 
Oa 13: BNRmvest 0000.000 
Oa 14: BNFLinvest 0000.000 
Oa 15; BNR invert £1000000 
Oa 16: BNR mwrt 0000000 
Oa 17; BNRfenest 0000.000 
Oa 18: BNRinwst 0000.000 
Oa 19: BNFLinvea 0.000.000 
Oa 2ft BNRmvest 0000000 
Oa 21: BNR invert 0000000 
Oa 22: BNRmwtt 0000.000 
Oa 23: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Oa 24: BNRmvert 0000000 
Oa 25: BNFL mvett £1000.000 
Oct 26: BNR mvett 0000000 
Oa 27: BNFL mvett 0000000 
Oa 28: BYR invest 0000000 
Oct 29: BNRmvest 0.000.000 
Oa 3ft BNR invert 0.000000 
Oa 3 1 : BNR mwst 0000.000 
Novi: BNRmwtt 0000.000 
Nov 2 BNR invest 0000.000 
Nov 3: BNR invest 0000.000 
Nov 4: BNRinwst 0.000,000 
Nov 5: BNRinwst 0000,000 
Nov 6: BNR in wst 0.000,000 
Nov 7: BNR mwst £1000.000 
Nov 8: BNRinwrt £1.000000 
Nov 9: BNR invert 0000.000 
Nov lft BNFl invest 0000000 
Nov 11: BNRfewert 0.000.000 
Nov 12: BNRfewert 0,000.000 
Nov 13: BNRfewert 0000.000 
Nov 14: BNRmvert 0000.000 
Nov 1 5: BNR invest 0000.000 

Nov 16- BNRfewest 0000.000 

Nov 17: BNR fewest 0000000 

Nov 18: BNR in wst 0.000000 

Nov 19: BNFlin vest 0000000 

Nov 20: BNFL invest 0000.000 

Nov 21: BNR mwst 0000000 
Nov 22 BNFL invest 0000.000 

N ov 23 : BNF L mvett 0000000 

Nov 24: BNR mwst £1000.000 

Nov 25: BNFL fewest 0000000 

Nov 26: BNRmwtt £1000,000 
Nov 27: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Nov 28: BNFL invest 0000.000 
Nov 29: BNRinwrt 0000,000 
Nov 30: BNRinwrt £1000000 
Dec 1- BNR invert 0000000 
Dec 2: BNRmwtt £1000.000 
Dee 3; BNR fewort 0000.000 
Dec*- BNRfewert 0000000 
Dec 5: BNRinvert £1000.000 
Dec 6- BNR In vest £1000.000 
Dec 7: BNR invest 0000.000 
Dec ft BNR fei wrt £1000.000 
Dec9- BNR fewest 0.000.000 
Dec 10: BNRmwtt 0000.000 
Dec 1 1: BNR invest 0000000 
Dec 12: BNRinwrt £1000000 
Oec 13: BNRinwst 0.000.000 
Dec 14: BNRinwrt 0000,000 
Dec 15: BNRinwst 0000.000 
Dec 16: BNRinvert 0000.000 
Dec 17: BNRfewest £1000000 
Dec 18: BNRfenest 0000.000 
Dec 19: BNR fewest 0000000 
Dec 20: BNRmvert 0000000 
Oec 21: BNRinwst 0000000 
Dec 22: BNFLfewert 0000.000 
Dec 23: BNR fewest £1000.000 
Dec 24: BNRfenest 0000.000 
Dk 25: BNR fewest 0000.000 
Dee 26: BNRinwst 0000000 
Dec 27: BNRmvest 0,000000 
Dec 28: BNR invest 0000.000 
Dec 29 BNR mvett 0.000.000 
Dec 30: BNRmwtt £1000.000 
Dec 31: BNRinwst 0000,000 
Every day for the next five years 
BNFL wM invest 0000.000. 


Over the next 3,652 days, British Nuclear 
Fuels will invest an average of£l million a day. 

We’ve only been able to show you a fraction 
of the £3.7 billion totaL % in feet. 

Over the next ten years it’ll add up to 
billion spent on new technology and new 
equipment with British suppliers* 


That’s enough to provide work for over 
50,000 people between now and then. 

At British Nuclear Fuels we don’t just 
manufacture, enrich and recycle the fuel for the 
UK’s eighteen' nuclear power stations, but for 
many overseas as well 

Last year, exports earned us £128 million and 


we have orders worth another £3,500 million. 

By the early ’90s Britain’s nuclear power 
industry should be even more successful and, 
for our part, wc shall be supplying the fuel to 
produce at least 25% of the country’s electricity. 

’We’ll also be providing the economy with 
considerable energy. 


If you’d like to know more about what we 
do and how we do it, tor further details write to 
Information Services, British Nuclear Fuels pic. 
Risley, Warrington WV3 6AS. 

Wc hope this will give you foci for thought 
about the next ten years. 

BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS PLC. 




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The go-ahead style that 
was started by Sir John 


Six directors have guided the Britain was at a peak, which has Harwell site, there were 238 
Atomic Energy Research not been reached since. The scientists on the team, of whom 
Establishment at Harwell climate was buoyant and Sir 174 were under the age of 35. 
throats various John ’ s te " ure J? rtcal,ed » In her official history. Britain 

inree of them were faced with “yes. go ahead era, as opposed Jmmic Enervv 1945-52 
ewially damtine tasks: Sir to lhc -how much will it cost?" p r „ fes „ r MarjS Gowicg 
John Cockcroft the architect of ones to follow. ~ Mpnv first class scientists 

s; Ane S d - 01K l , abou i, b h m S "r w^dnolhav^onetoHaS 
Walter Marshall 11968-1975), abound m the small change of but f or confidence ^ 

and his successor, ihe p resent conversation among senior Cockcroft, and he lived up to 
director. Dr Lewis Roberts, sc. cm. sis ai Harwell He was Iheir expeciauons.- 
Each one approached the job in known as a person who liked a _ , n ._ . 

a different way. one-paragraph report, to which , ^ were 


The university-style of lab- he could say simply yes or no. ... , - . - ... 

oratory that Sir John Cockcroft He nurtured the university scientists and engineers, and the 
set out to create suited his atmosphere to ensure that an number more than doubled 
background. Already well exchange was sustained with . utj- , 

known to the world of science, academic departments, averting a ddiucm to heralding the arrival 
he had been a member of ihe possibility of Harwell teams of Big science - depending first 
Rutherford's team aL Cam- becoming isolated from the on ? lo » ,c P> «* “d Parade 
bridge and in 1 932 he and E. T. freedom and dialogue on which accelerators, later on more 
S. Walion were the first creativity in science thrives. elaborate reactors and. more 
scientists to split an atom by At the same time he forged rBC ** in S r ' new types of 
artificial means - a feat strong links through liaison edu'pment lor ion implantation 
recognised bv a Nobel Prize in groups with government and he and *b»ng lasei " beams - an 
1952. * kept the car of prime ministers, equally profound change m the 


By 1953 there were more 
than 800 highly qualified 


1952. kept the car of prime ministers, ^uany proiouna cnange m tne 

Although Sir John had the There was competition for a PP r °acb to the pracuce of 
job of translating whai were the top scientists. But the science was brought by atomic 
sketchy ideas on paper into one combination of being at the research-, marked the start of 
of the world's largest research start of the most ambitious mterdisciplmary or. as it is now 
centres, comparable with the big research project conceived in inierprotessional re- 

atomic centres in North Britain, with the pioneering of a seared. 

America, his term was perhaps new source of energy, was a Scientists and engineers had 
the most enviable. The morale strong magnet. Within 18 to work more closely together 
of the scientific community in months of starting work on the than had been the practice in 


America, his term was perhaps new source of energy, was a 
the most enviable. The morale strong magnet. Within 18 


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A local band play's at Hinklev Point 
nuclear power station in Somerset on a 
sunny day in August - almost 40 years 
after Harwell research establishment 
was founded. 

Some 1 1 ,000 people toured the power 
station on its open weekend, seeing the 
vision of scientists transformed into 
a safe, reliable and economic source 
of electricity. 


Nuclear power has become a reality, 
supplying over one-sixth of Britain’s 
electricity- an achievement in which 
Harwell has played a key role. 

That's something to celebrate. 


gaod news for electricity 

Central Electricity Generating Board, Sudbury House, 15 Newgate St, London EC1A 7AXJ. 






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Generating power Scientist Mike Brabner does a routine check on the upgraded version of 

the Cockcroft-Walton generator 


previous basic research. Theor- 
etical and experimental physi- 
cists. chemists of all types and 
metallurgists found themselves 
combined in unique multi- 
disciplinary teams, which also 
included engineers who had to 
extend their work from practical 
design to embrace scientific 
concepts new to them. 

This was eventually to stand 
Harwell in good stead when by 
the middle of the 1960s, the role 
of reactor innovation by the 
establishment was largely over. 

Although by that time all the 
fundamental atomic particle 
: physics research had been 
! transferred to the academic 
| world, fbsion had gone to the 
Culham laboratory, and a new 
reactor outpost had been for- 
med at Winfrith, in Dorset (to 
build a steam generating, heavy 
water reactor, SGHWR), the 
qualified scientists and engin- 
eers at Harwell numbered 
1,370. Many were committed to 
the long-term work into the fast 
reactor, others on the emerging 
advanced gas-cooled reactor. 
There was also defence work. 


But, with the end of reactor 
innovation, the question of bow 
best to diversify became urgent. 
That was the nettle grasped by 
Walter Marshall. He was helped 
by the 1965 Science and 
Technology Act. which allowed 
the nuclear laboratories to do 
non-nuclear work and to pro- 
vide a commercial service. 

Whereas Sir John was re- 
garded as a man of few words, 
Walter Marshall, the youngest 
director of any of the appoint- 

Scientists had to 
learn about business 

merits, was seen as a 24-hour 
dynamo. Cockcroft's reluctance 
to put things on paper, resulting 
sometimes in people believing 
they had been promised differ- 
ent things, was matched by Mr 
Marshall's clarity of expla- 
nation of what be wanted. 

The going was hard. Harwell 
scientists had no experience of 
going out to sell their expertise. 
And when industrialists were 
anxious to discuss technical 



problems, they wanted research 
to cure them done free of 
charge. A breathing space came 
when the Government began to 
pay for a programme of generic 
work for new industrial areas, 
some of which was done by 
Harwell. The bridge which, was 
created between the establish- 
ment and industry during 
Walter Marshall's period; was 
based on business centres into 
which expertise from different 
parts of Harwell could be. 
channelled for specific catego- 
ries of industrial application. 

But the scientists had to learn 
about the type of business 
acumen that is the life-blood of 
the contract research type of 
organization. 

The way that has been 
absorbed and put into practice 
is through “matrix manage- 
ment". It is a term which also 
sums up the style of the present 
director, Dr Lewis Roberts, for 
inspiring his staff to perceive 
the wider benefits of the vast j 
range of technology with poten- 
tial uses far beyond reactors and 
radioactive waste management. 




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An insight for sore eyes 


A connection between the 
physiology of the eye and the 
physics of nuclear research at 
Harwell may seem unlikely. But 
there is a link. It is in the form 
of a scanner developed for 
Moorfields Eye Hospital in 
London, for detecting foreign 
bodies in the eye. 

The medical equipment is a 
special application of a method 
of non-destructive testing which 
came from basic research into 
ultrasonic methods for examin- 
ing materials. 

The results of that research 
opened the door for scores of 
industrial uses. But the dis- 
covery was only made because 
of a deliberate policy at Harwell 
to sustain a significant level of 
underlying research, which may 
have no immediate application 
clearly in view. 

A certain preoccupation with 
the subject reflects the origins of 
the establishment. It was cre- 
ated in the recognition that a 
sound scientific base was 
needed if the possibilities of 
atomic energy were to be 
converted into technologies. 

The policy paid off hand- 
somely in the nuclear field, and 
it is yielding increasing rewards 
in the non-nuclear studies for 
industrial and commercial cus- 
tomers. 

The established way of using 
ultrasonics in non-destructive 
testing is to transmit a pulse 
into a material and to look for a 
reflected signal, indicating a 
flaw. There are many circum- 
stances in which this technique 
will not reveal a defect because 
it is not possible to achieve the 
sensitivity needed for clear 
reflections. 

The discoveries that pro- 
vided a new way of detecting 
hidden cracks and measuring 
their size came from research 
which began 15 years ago. 
Furthermore, two groups which 
were working in different fields 
contributed to the advance. 

Rather than detea reflec- 
tions. one of the teams explored 
whether diffraction occurred, 
thereby allowing analysis of 
how an ultrasound beam was 
split up or diffracted. By 
looking at the different parts of 
the signal after h had encoun- 
tered a blemish, the computer 
creates what is in effect a 
fingerprint of the hidden crack. 

The other team involved in 
the innovation was enj^ged in . 
creating images by computer 



A doser look: Scanner 
developed for eye research 

analysis from the sort of 
patterns of information that 
methods like ultrasonic equip- 
ment generated. 

Indeed, before a means was 
found of producing images of 
cracks, the visual technique was 
exploited first in a project to 
determine the heat loss from 
industrial buildings. 

The basic research began as a 
classic exercise in the main- 
stream of Harwell’s work for the 
Atomic Energy Authority's own 
programme of fast reactor 
development and for the nu- 
clear industry. 

There are at least six objec- 
tives which underlying research 
programme must satisfy; 

• It anticipates areas where 
new problems may arise. 

• Increases .the scientific 
understanding of areas of long- 
term relevance, typically five to> 
10 years, to the nuclear power 
programme. 

• Develops new skills and 
techniques, both theoretical and. 
experimental. 

• Provides a channel for the 
exchange of information, tech- 
niques and ideas with scientists 
in the academic field and other 
basic research groups. 

• The results have to be 
transferred to applied pro- 
grammes and, where possible, 


new applications of the findings 
identified. 

• Provision must be made for 
a pool of trained • people to 
enable new problems to be 
tackled as they arise in industry. 

The ultrasonic device,, now 
known as the time-of-flight 
technique for flaw detection, is 
a good example of meeting all 
those criteria. 

The trick depends on what 
happens when beams of ions 
encounter the atoms of the 
material on which the beam is 
focussed. Such beams are 
produced in one of Harwell’s 
three accelerators. 

As the ions hit a material 
they slow down and stop by 
aromic collisions, at depths 
determined by the type of ion 
beam and the inherent nuclear 
properties of the material. The 
interaction is calculated from 
the formula; EM-*Z' 2 (where 
E=energy, M=mass, Z=atomic 
number). 

By choice of ions and the 
energy driving the beam, an 
analysis can be made at specific 
depths from fractions of a 
millimetre to a few centimetres. 
It is done by measuring short- 
lived activity stimulated during 
the atomic collisions. The 
characteristics of the radiation 
show how much wear has 
occurred. 


LONDON 
CAN 
WASTE 


Remote control: Engineer .Betty Green tries oot. advanced 
technology for handlin g any type of nuclear fuel 


United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority 


SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS 


HARWELL CAN OFFER YOU 
EXCELLENT CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 

If you are interested in joining the Harwell Laboratory of ' 
the United kingdom Atomic Energy Authority at this 
particularly important juncture in our development we 
would be delighted to. hear from you. 

We can offer exciting and challenging opportunities in all 
the main scientific and engineering disciplines for both 
experienced and newly qualified men and women 
(including those expecting to graduate in 19861. You 
could engage in fundamental research vital for the - - 
Laboratory^ futii re, join a team undertaking applied ^ ; 
research to' meet more immediate customers* r 

requirements or pursue marketing or technical assessment 
work. There are excellent prospects for promotion in all 
these areas of work and for transfer between them for 
those who wish to broaden their- experience. 

Harwell offers an excellent recruitment package including 
competitive starting .salaries, generous con tributary 
pension scheme and leave arrangemerits>nd, where 
appropriate; -relocation assistance. • 

To learn more about the opportunities at Harwell write 
to Miss J L White, Recruitment Branch, Harwell 
Laboratory, FREEPOST, Oxdn, OXH 0BR or dial 100 and 
ask for FREEFONE 3644 (or alternatively telephone 0235 
24141 extension. 2674 - 24 hour answering machine). 
Please quote reference number TI/T800- 




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From a unique landfill gas .. 
collaboration with Harwell, we ^ 
have pioneered the 
development and utilisation of 
the gas as a low-cost alternative 
energy source. Over 600,000 
bricks per week are currently 
fired by London Brick using 
landfill gas. 

Significant research and 
development work is also being canied out to 
generate electricity from this gas as well. This could 
make the largest brickworks in the world, energy 
self sufficient in the near future. . 

eimronmeidal hazard into a useful low cost^l^sOT^* ^ 9 '‘ 




r.V-K"! 
























I 


THE TIMES TODAY JANUARY 17 1986 




HARWEU./3 





Life in the atomic club 


From page 16 Hfe says one of the important 

privatized in whole or in part lessons he learnt was not to 
• -The AHA should continue as ^pect to find a single blueprint 


He says one of the important scientists to retain an identity of 
lessons he learnt was not to a place in their chosen subjects. 


l4Wto^monstxafioa-to the 
eommerdal-scale 
pWdi^fen^or—electricity 'by 
its 3Qfli 

ataawMSry- ' m- Oc tober. : The" 

a promise - made a 
i ggjg jaBfifer; about the civfl 
jkgxtgSkxa atomic energy came 
P° wcr station, 
fltj gTOtfHa l f m-Gunohria, .was 
cgpn qpljfflt p the national grid. 

. Ihi^mbmoiiy- was performed- 

1wA*Olin>n 


V But me achievement had its.’ 
brii^n; m the sprawling Atomic' 
’BmStgy Research Establishment 
^iBarweU ;and, in particijla4 
;wMi;- the first spedai-pprehase 
experimental building Royt 



Nuclear Power Division 


topped by a, 200ft-: atrag capacity beyond the -year 
high ' epimney; marking the 2000, In addition to. testing the 
centre of the establishment,' ideas - ' which . gave ‘ term - to 
which vented mq are . than - -six commercial . •. reactors — and 
tons of cooling air. a minute producing isotopes, surplus heat 
from the six-megawatt research from Bepo supplied energy to 
reactor, Bepo: ■ . , nearby, .b mlding s . jn.- the.. T firjrt 

_ Oj? 1 ’ 'ti*' years, as larger hudear^powered drstricthieating 
buildings have gone np,- the scheme. -.*•'■ ■ 

5 5hh S25 r wa ^ 1 ^- 0f -,1 dominai- ; . ■ Resigns 3fbr afore, than 12 
,ng J^. turc ‘ - I or 21ye5is the power reactors were ■ explored : 
rractor. ^““edjtt^hub^rf-.-on : -Bepo, When the machirte 
. of u resMrch - 4hat was retired' the rteore" research . 

refer- to. focaisjbd: oh -two others,- Pinto 
today ^“nuclear core work”. - andDido.Wfiich.had already' 
- For .Bepo was the forerunner ■ been wo rking hard. The service 
of toe generations of ms- they perfonn iS described by Dr. 
tooled reactors that • toel . Stuart Nelson, -director of the 
Bn tain s ^nuclear " electricity “"Nuclear • -Power Division, as 
supply system: the prototypes, - unique. : 1 

Bctw*® them they generated And the experimental work on 

-Pf, “ nt of materials testing and corrosion, 
Bntams electricity test-year, done for overseas as wtfl as 
the- AGRs will be the British industry, .extends the 
backbone of the nuclear-gener- research possible oh Bepo. 


The uniqueness lies in the 
intensity of the irradiation to 
detemtineihe behaviour offuet 
rods, materiabs such as graphite 
. and other components. Where- ‘ 
as Bepo wis conceived to show 
how paper designs for power 
reactors might be translated 
into practice, Pinto- Dido 
were devised, specifically to 
subject, materials to .extreme 
conditions.' \ - 

Many of the experiments foil 
into tito category of atoderated ' 
life-testing.. 

Dr Nelson says that tests at 
Harwell can Show in a few;days 
the state otherwise reached 
from. years of. wear and tear in. 
an operational reactor. When 
the criteria were set 27 years ago 
for the high-irradiation ma- 
chines, ; water-moderated 'de- 
signs -Were chosen, riving 100 
times higher radiation levels 
than materials would experi- 
ence in thermal power stations. . 

Experiments with compo- 
nents ' and materials involve 
extreme fluctuations of radi- 
ation and temperature to mimic 
abnormal surges. Studies with 
graphite ; .have preoccupied 
scientists, at Harwell from the 
outset. 

Britain's 16 nuclear elec- 
tricity workhorses are graphite- 
moderaled. If the graphite could 
be made to last longer, say 
another" 10 years, the saving 
would be worth millions a year 
to the generating boards. 

. Graphite, gradually oxidizes 
away in the cooling gases. There 
are ways of halting the protoss, . 
but prevention depends on' a 
knowledge at the atomic level of 


Similarly, a reassurance is 
ined by customers who 
long to one of Harwell’s 


a unit. for success. There were many gained by customers who 

• Substantial government tips Sidelines to follow, belong to one of Harwell’s 

funding should continue. But adjustment of Harwell “research dubs”. The clubs 

• There should be further ti»qk time. ft had grown into a comprise firms which are 

moves to a commercial basis for senes of divisions that were interested in a particular field of 
all operations. immensely powerful in their technology and are prepared to 

But it is the way that the third of “ d engineer- pay a subscription for access to 

and fourth items are paid for 12f^ CfDSS " fe [ tlllz !,\ on bckVKcn the results of “precompetitive” 

which holds the key to change. , , 

Dr Lewis Roberts. Harwell’^ Roberts says: There are Dr Roberts reveals a pleasure 

director says: “We are havina * lr Fti5tiis ®Jid weaknesses m j n describing the benefits that 
to negotiate with the Depart- ** 35 ** ^5 have come to the longest 

mentof Energy and major of a huge research and established of the 20 clubs 

customers, such as the Central , evc ' 0 Pment team is that you formed so for. But he stresses 
Electricity* Generating Board great strength m depth in that because of the disparate 

• . .. . . _ manv aihiN>ic whirh vmi ran 


the results of precompetitive 
research. 

Dr Roberts reveals a pleasure 
in describing the benefits that 
have come to the longest 



nately, Harwell has gained W01 "L v 

considerable Mnwimn* in »h<* business opporlimi ties. 



considerable experience in the 
past few years of contract 


“In today’s language that is dubs together, 
tat we mean by technology Dr Roberts 


exceptionally hard to get some 


past lew years of contract 3 , 

research -and over half our work mem ** lechnology 

is already funded this way." transfer. 

The main change comes in ? 

arrangements for work paid for •There IS nothin? 
by the Department of Energy. 1 “ er f . UUUUllg 

That used to come from an pr imi tive about 
annual vote by Parliament of A 

money for the AEA. Now it is to OUT technology y 
be done through a process of 
programme letters, or quasi- 
contracts, defining objectives. 


rat we mean by technology Dr Roberts explains the 
insfer.” policies and achievements of his 

t teams with the assuredness of 

•Thera ic nnfhincr an academic wh P is. backed with 

I nere IS no rnin g the certainty of scientific fact. 

primitive about ” hint of P ressure 

our technoloDV 9 That matte his views on the 
our leinnoiogy 7 last subject we discussed sur- 

— — prising, because of the fervour 

That had been happening at with which he expressed them. 


continues to fund. nuclear p 

Dido, one of the early research reactors at Harwell in 1956 The programmes for Harwell wde rai 

the physical chemistry. Intense does this start happtraing, at 

radiation ^also causes void what rato what are the long- ^^“dwdopmenu fusion re- Plant. 
sweUmg. The phenomenon was term effects and could tod ornent ih Meihnr 

observed in stainless steel dements leak or become stuck? ^JTrLrttfrs and aeneral^s^riv testine ^ a 

33=5? SS S-s 

faa 1 ssas 


costs and targets for every Harwell because the develop- The topic was waste. He sai± 
project that the department ra ent of commercially viable “This a subject where the 
continues to fund. nuclear power had needed a science and technology is light 


spreading far beyond the reactor 
itsdf to more conventional 
plant. 


d needed a science and technology is light 
innovation, years ahead of the politics, 
d the reactor “We truly are approaching a 
-onventional . feeling- of great confidence in 
the technologies for the immo- 


Methods 
testing and 


tne technologies tor the im mo- 
tor developing, bilization of wastes in durable 
inspecting new solid forms to put safely in 


fuel in the UK Atomic Energy 
Authority’s prototype fasL 
breeder reactor. 

The high irradiation caused 


research and development evancc outside the special field 
costs; some funding of other of nuclear engineering, 
programmes. Dr Roberts describes 


materials were clearly of rel- repositories under Lhe ground. 


the stainless steel to form what and more expensive, the fast 
Dr Nelson described as tiny reactor will form an increas- 
bubbles like Aero chocolate, ft ingly - important part of the 
posed many questions: when nuclear core work. 


unuiium supphes get ^ scarcer , pr ^ a R 0 5 cr t s says continuity 

will be preserved beeee* 


“The subject has been inves- 
tigated by an interdisciplinary 
approach, and there is nothing 


. _ ... * __ ■ WIU UC pi CX .1 v LU 

reactor will fomi an «ncnas- rontracla ^ typically, 

mgiy important part of the for to five years. But work 


the North Sea 


.<4 


Any tfp-it-yourself enthusiast 
who lias tileti a bathrooni will 
remember grouting. Old hands 
at the job will probably testify 
to the tediousness of the task of 
using it to make an even filfing: 
between the squares. 

'.Recent developments in 
novel composite materials have 
cased the frustration. But there 
are varieties of grouting jobs 
that raise problems of greater 
significance than the domestic 
land, ito instance, on offshore 
Oil rigs. ' . ‘ 

j'forth Sea . oil. production 
platforms are anchored by., 
means of steel piles, which are 
driven into the sea bed through 
sleeves that are part of the 
structure. The spaces between 
the piles and the surrounding 
sleeves need to he filled with a 
cement grout. Understandably, 
underwater conditions cause 
severe difficulties in Checking 
that all spaces are Sited. 

,The job of checking the 
grouting was done by divers in 
what turned out to be a 
hazardous operation, as many 
men lost their lives in the 
process. That was when a civil 
engineering contractor to the oil 
firms, Wimpey Laboratories, 
appitiached Harwell.' ; " ■ 

The oonipahy wanted to 
know if a. :better . method of 
placunig the lt& of a ptatfbimin 
■he sediment w&s possible , ot if 
:here was a way of devising a 


remoie-coplrpl ' method for 
monteoring the grouting. 

The method that scientists at 
Harwell perfected, was a text- 
book example • of how. the 
laboratory's expertise _ in the. 
nuclear field was extended to 
tolve a problem tor the non- 
nuclear industry ‘More import- 
ant, it created a business 
opportunity in a new commer- 
cial area for the organization. 

The grouting problem was 
explored first in the laboratory 
in, a prefabricated test bay, and 
the proposed solution was then 
tried out in ' the North Sea. The 
effectiveness 'of the' technique 
wai demonstrated during instal- 
lation of the Thistle A platform. 

Partnership with 
companies in 
the offshore field 

The solution proposed by the 
Harwell scientists drew on long- 
established knowledge of radio- 
active tracing as a monitoring 
technique. In this case a tracer 
was injerbduced to the grouting, 
and a nuclear density gauge at 
lhe top of each pile sleeve 
indicated when the correct level 
had been -reached. At the same 
time . it ‘measured the grout 
density. -The activity has now 
been licensed to Wimpcy.' 

; The - initial contract allowed 
Harwell to explore an area of 



Sowden. director of the Indus- The- bank of knowledge has 
trial Research Division, as a expanded immensely as work 
good example of how the has grown for a - steadily 


tor three to rive years. But work 
will be organized rigorously to 
meet contracted demands. 

He said experience showed 


management challenges as difficult or abstruse about it 
“keeping together technically scientifically. There is no 
coherent groups who are serving technical reason why it should 


many masters . 

He explains: “One way is by 
choosing carefully the type of 


not be demonstrated adequately 
outside the laboratory in the 
field. 

“It has been extremely 


lhe importance of getting a Af frustrating not to get on 

rwwicA ripfinirinn aorm'i ^ IVHting Certain gTOUpS Of nrn _m-|« anth fiplH duHiM in 


estabfishmenfs collaboration increasing number 01 memoers, contractor, 
with non-nuclear industry part- many of them overseas. In j|j at produces a healthy 
ners should progress. return for an annual fee, they relationship, under which work 

. Dr Sowden studiously avoids receive detailed design reports goes jf ti, e relationship is 
the term “spin-off", which was on specific process plant and al *^’5 i en gth, it is possible 
coined in the United States to design handbooks supplemen- that the real problem to be 
describe commercial develop- ted with computer programs. tackled does not get identified 
ment that had its beginnings in Nuclear reactors have raised properly, he suggests, 
the spending on the spare issues- of heat transfer and That is a wisdom based on IS 
programme. He believes it cooling on a scale beyond that years of building a contract 
suggests an activity _ that is encountered- in conventional research business, one which 


number of members. 


with non-nuclear industry part- many of them overseas. In 
ners should progress. return for an annual fee, they 


precise del 
between the 
contractor. 


customers for\rtmm work alro *2® 


That produces a healthy Juratory. You also have to 
relationship, under which work a Prapm^on of money 


describe commercial develop- 
ment that had its beginnings in 
.the spending on the spare 
programme. He believes h 
suggests an activity that is 


accidental or incidental tosome engineering practice. The exper- 


Pr Ron Sowden, director, the 

industrial Research Division. 

industry which- has developed 
into partnership between them. 
Radiotracer techniques are 
being used to .determine rock 
permeabilities and water transit 
times m oil - reservoir water 
flooding. 

Injection of tracers for vari- 
ous; measurements have been 
done in Middle East oilfields, in 
addition , to work in the North 
Sea. For internal , inspection of a 
gas well 2,300 metres deep, a 
"special camera was developed 
to operate at over 150 atmos- 
pheres pressure and at a 
temperature above 70 deg. C. 

Much. - of the research and 
development which followed 
the success of resolving the 
grouting problem has been part 
of a “research dub" programme 
supported, by 11 offshore 
operators, diving inspection 
companies, certifying auth- 
orities and others. 

• But the development of a 
partnership between Harwell 
and the companies in the 
offshore field is seen by Dr Ron 


mam purpose:- , . 

Since industrial contracts will 


that the real problem to be 
tackled does not get identified 
properly, he suggests. 

That is a wisdom based on 1 S 
years of building a contract 
research business, one which 
brings in £1 million a week, 
covering more than 1,000 


TS; show how it could be done. It is 
tiie same with low and inter- 
^ mediate wastes. We have not 

^ been able to get on with field 

es^Uai y TndSying resea£h, studies, but we badly need to do 

^ said Harwell would 
coniracts. is not neglected. support the nuclear industry's 

Though half the work is waste disposal company, Nircx, 
already done under contract. j n making their cases for 
that includes studies in the suitable disposal sites. But he 
nuclear and waste management added: “We need the practical 
fields, and so atomic work of geological input.” 


the basis for many contracts signed every year. 


provide up to a third of industrially fundamental ques- It was Dr Roberts who was 
HdrwelTs future work,: there is tions in heat flow, on which the first given the job of studying 
nothing incidental about the economics and reliability of how contract research organiza- 
transfer oftechnology involved, industrial plant hinge. They lions operated. The field was 
Dr Sowden says it is necess- include boiling, -condensation, dominated by US organiza- 
ary to girard against trying to ', two-phase flow,- turbutem flow, lions, and he was shown the 
push • a -technology oh to- cryogenics, tube" vibration and ropes by the leaders such as the 


one sort or another is still by tor 
the dominant activity. Hence, 
there was a conscious decision 
not 10 divide the site into 
nuclear and non-nuclear units. 


He was critical of recent 
suggestions, attributed to a yet 
to be published Commons 
committee report, that waste 
disposal methods in Britain 


someone because, .“you. as a 
scientist” are so doseJy in- 
volved' with* that innovation. 
Success is mere likely to depend . 
on ; understanding a' 'firm's - 
difficulties and then looking at 
the = prospects for applying a 
revised version of some dis-- 
covery to help. That is partner- 
ship- The philosophy v- that 
colours Harwell’s strategy, in - 
his view, is a determination to ; 
achieve the. closest"' possible.; 
involvement-' with industry,- 
rather than merely trying to 
license ideas developed in 
relative isolation. 

One of lhe most successful 
endeavours is a subscription 
club for over 170 members of 
the Heat Transfer and Fluid 
Flow Services (HTFFS). The 
initial core of data on which the 
scheme was founded came from 
nuclear research. 


fouling. 


Battel le research institute. 


This is where matrix manage- were inadequate. He said: 
ment comes into play. It helps “There is nothing primitive 
the transfer of technology across about our technology. We are 
boundaries between divisions, being prevented from applying 
but allows the individual iL” 


,. — ■ — 1 : — ; 

Our advice could make 
you more competitive. 


■J * * 




ILL 


Education Centre 


Wfe provide courses.for Industry bn a wide 
range of Scientific, Tfechnptoglcaj and Hearth & 
Safety topics. 1 .. 

• Radlotofllcal Protection 

• Radioactive Handling 
•Nudoar Materials Tranaportatipn 
(B Computer Programming & 

Mathematical Methods 

If your Company has a read for training in 

these areas or Nuclear & Hazardous Waste 

Disposal contact us. 

Facinties are available for Courses and 
Conferences for up to250 delegates. 


For details contact LeS Evans: Education 
*Tnaining Centre, Duiidinc; 45b. Hai weH 
0X11 OQJ Telepihono: Abingdon (0?35) 24141 
uv| 3 '(06. 


Advanced Technology 
in Ultrasonics 

MatEvgl is a world leader 
- in the design, manufacture and supply 
of advanced ultrasonic inspection systems. 

Equipment now available ranges from transducers, 
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automated computerized inspection and analysis 
systems for use in the nuclear, aerospace, oil, gas 
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If you would like more information contact either 
Phil Osborne or Terry Kelly 








A • . «. * . -.-.Xi- t 

* . ■ - * - « * A* 


MatEval Limited 

-, GARRETT FIELD, 

, MatEval BIRCHWOOD SCIENCE PARK, 

■H mrnm BIRCHWOOD, WARRINGTON WA3 7BH. 

ikj^ ENGLAND 

IrtaptowPadoate 810606 
Telex: 627033 Carnes: MatEwi 
Fax: Padgsta 827708 


Innovative research 
by Harwell 



Development, 
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The drivin^force in technology transfer 

We are pioud t6 be coliaborating with AEHE 
Harwell in tlie development of important new 
technologies. Harwell’s outstanding skills in 
applying their technology to commercial 
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venture. 


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17 

24 

329 

tA. 

34 

222 

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44 

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3A 

302 



274 

34b 

32 

'239 

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14- 


54- 

14 


117 


117 

14 

12 

252 

17 

74 

118 


10 

189 

134 

12 

115 

54 

3,7 

200 

12.1 

23 

2*4 

14 

34 

733 

164 

82 

ns- 

171 

3.1 

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224 

34 

894- 

214 

44 

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07 

34 

677 

114 

84 

11 


293 

12 

77 

210 

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189 

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118 

4.1 



SHIPPING 


AJawxtraWwaa 

Aasaraid 

Apcriaosra 

Arenaon 

Ameer 

AanlLaeay 

A*»2ebsB*5 

AaaoeHm 




BanowHaoburn 
Barton Hg/npoiT 
Baynaa (CJtarla*) 


SataWSWI 1*6 


Bmnion re 

sa H : 

Sv * 

DkmanMBMH 111 

BSOCMOW 157 • 

ZSSSLm 18v 

■uteMI P*Wi 158 

SKcCam. £5 


Banna Inc 

BnahwaHafta 


Brtdgan dBo 

BrSnan 

BrgwUfl 

Br Vex 

BrakanHB 

9IAIVMIK5 

Bronx few 

Bra** Too* 

Bro*m5Ta*M 

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Mogtfi 

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OaMft 
goto aid 

Cm tod 
Cnjafcq 

Culiadnn 
CMHiSM 
CanbtoaayM 
CH tod 

CtixoMUnn 


Ma^Wtontay 340 
PanBndlnd 320 

PDaraMa 813 


34 12 124 

257 144 S5 
12 7 4 602 
*4 11 74 

84 74 13 

mi 90 iia 


110 107 4J 
75 IB 15 

11 15 11 

; a .. 114 
189 25 42.1 

14 14 18 

95 17 154 
142 102 Tl 
<0 52 *4 

45 52 72 

15 77 114 

14 4.1 137 

24 1.1 212 

.. .. 154 

100a 11 214 
659 10 15 
164 11 112 
92 40 113 

125 44 104 

132*17.1 
174 ta 17.1 

12 II 11 

2.1 6.1 104 

li lb 94 

7.1 47 114 

04 07 954 
94 14 114 
19 35 257 
94 *7 62 

14 4.1 64 

67 44 
It 45 17 
9.6 IS 104 


PonarCnadCum 251 
PownK Dtetryn 2*8 

PmmdaiHtoBa 112 


HankOra *37 

RanaanaSttu 131 

rurnttefGTOildca) 120 

RKUKCUsii CIS 


Manor 96 

Rauiara 373 

Rum 21 

weawjeng H3 

RK9aM(LMa] 03 
ntonainonWNi nr, 

Ronanieanaa 186 

Rofetosoi fThomai] 158 
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SHOES AND LEATHER- 


MOTORS AND AIRCRAFT 


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265 131 

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54 43 

SOS 396 

118 88 

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115 B 

164 168V 

184 llfl 

185 11BV 


182 123 

7E3 419 

43 23 

250 TB 
1W» Pi 
418. 320 

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219 16* 

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242 in 
K 3 D 
106 91 

278 136 

138 35 

194 122 

102 59 

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119 71 


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NEWSPAPERS AND PUBLISHERS 

































































































•• >r 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


The - -Bnttan letters are - definitely 
coHeewr’s items. The latest, instantly 
dubbed the “Dear John letter", is 'Lord 
Hanson s friendly ■ note to Sir : John 
Cuckney, promising .the -support of 
Hanson Trust’s ncwly acquired 14.9 per 
cent of Westland to the Sikdrsky-Fiat 
proposals favoured by . the Westland 
board. “ 

_As gallant gestuper .by an ardent 
Tbatoher fan. Lord Hanson's move has. a 
certam style. AS an attempt to win friends ' 
and influence people in the United States, 
it has some merit. Asia straightforward 
commercial decision, it defies analysis. As" 
a potential, if innocent, source of 
embarrassment for poor Leon, it is rich in 
underlines. : 

When he is allowed to come down to 
earth again, the Secretary of State 1 has to 
take business-related decisions - which 
make the future ownership of Westland 
very small beer. Will ’he refer to the ’ 
Monopolies and. -Mergers Commission . 
GECs bid for Plesscy?_ Almost certainly . 
yes.: Will -.he .refer: Imperial’s offer for 
United Biscuits? There are grounds. If so, 
would he refer Hanson Trust’s- bid for.- 
Imperial, where the grounds are thin? Or - 
leave the wayclearfor a Hanson coup? * 
Since the day s of Lord Cockfidd, in the 
Anderson Strathclyde case, ministers have 
been, rightly chary of overturning the 
commission’s recommendations. The. 
pressures now are more subtly applied at 
the earlier stage, where Sir Gordon Borne, 
the Director General - of Fair Trading, 
decides whether or not to reco mmen d a 
reference to the minister. The great value 
of Sir Gordon's mergers panel is that it * 
absorbs political sound waves before 
orchestrating them into a recommen- - 
dation that rings sweet and- true in 
ministerial ears. ’ :.. . . 

While a commission report invoked by 
a reference is not 1 00 per cent predictable, . 
it is unlikely to recommend a course of- 
action that die Secretary of State and his . 
colleagues would not accept. In the current 
absence of a firm government policy on * 
monopolies and mergers, all references to : 
the- commission of major contested bids ' 
are political. They also can look bad. 

One of the consequences of a reference 
is delay, up to six months and more, 
which is time bought for the victim and 
time, certainty and management resources . 
lost for the bidder. Delay also may' have a ' 
damaging effect on the business of one or 
both companies involved. 

- ' A reference for GEC (a member of the 
European consortium fighting over Wes- 
tland) would not automatically mean, of . . 
course.Tejection of its case for taking over 
Plessey. Far from it' GEC is uniquely ' 
placed to initiate the reconstruction of the 
electronics and telecommunications in- '* 
dustry in Britain where you have only to . 
look at the record, and the current mess of ’ 
Thom EMI and STQ to-see that small is ‘ 
not beautifiil. ' 

No British company, not excluding... 
GEC or Plessey, has carved out a 
significant place in electronics .and 
telecommunications export markets. They 
now face far greater competition in their 
home market as British. Telecom in 
particular looks to foreign suppliers and - 
Europe as a whole becomes more open to 
American and Japanese equipment; and 
systems. Even in defence, fordgn eompeti- ; 
tors are concentrating their resources 
through mergers - in. Fiance, West' 
Germany and the United States. . 

Corporate raider 
biding his time 

Ivan Boesky is. the ace American arbitra-_ 
geur, a man who virtually invented his 
most specialist stock market skills. His 
intervention in a takeover bid is viewed 
with horror by many bidders, who see Mr 
Boesky and his disciplies as : greedy 
opportunists determined to make them 
pay a fancy price. He sees himself mpre as 
a Robin Hood, fighting to get shareholders 
abetterdeaL • 

He regrets that his talents cannot,, yet, 
be put to such effective use in Britain. “ 
look forward to the time when we can 
provide a service in the UK. market as we 
do at home”, he said,. ' straight-fece, 
yesterday. In the meantime, he restricts 
his activities here to a few very special 
situations. Eagle Star was one where be - 
netted a sizeable profit. Distillers probably 
another in which he is well placed, but the 
City is not hospitable towards arbitra- 
geurs- 

“The spread is just not wide enough- 
Translated this means that the lcaoky 
nature of the UK market generally ensures _• 


G5 focuses on 
interest rates 

The Group of. Five finance 
ministers central bankers, 
meeting in London this week- 
end, will talk about' achieving 
lower world interest .rates 
without upsetting exchange rate 

parities. 

Two of the G5 members, 
Japan and France, believe that 
last September's meeting has 
succeeded in producing the 
desired drop in the dollar and 
that should' now 

switch to the problem of h^h 
world interest rates. 

It now appears that Mr James 

Baker, the US Treasury Sec- 
retary, did not. ini tiate the idea 
of a co-ordinated interest rate 
strategy but was responding to 
proposals from Mr Noboni 
Takeshifa, the Japanese finance 
minister. 

The US. Federal; p Reserve 
Board opposes suggestions that 
it should take part in such a 
strategy. Leader, page 13 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 




Imps claims ‘unsustainable 

growth’ in bid defence 



By Alison Eadie 



that share prices 'shoot up to- meet the 
. price ofan iraminem bid, leaving little 

- room for' a manoeuvring arbitrageur. And 

■ Mr Boesky: is far .'from happy with the 
unfathomable depths of our competition 

' policy. “Tt seems to depend on what the 
‘ commission members- had for breakfast”, 
. he says, An arbitrageur needs to be able to 

- take an: educated decision, not a blind 
.’ guess, os whether a bid will get official 

approval. V . 

‘Tliis is the; age of the mega-merger”. 
V believes Mr Boesky, who expects US 

- merger activity -to top $200 billion this 
ysar, .He, is unperturbed by the Federal 
Reserve Board’s restrictions on the issue 
of “junk bonds”.. “The biggest ‘junk 
bonds’ are those issued by some govern- 
ments, followed by some American states 

. - and tities.” As they are a vital ingredient 
in many ~a mega-bid, Mr Boesky believes 
. that junk bonds have a great future. 

Mr Boesky was in London yesterday for 
the annual meeting of Cambrian &. 
General Securities, an investment trust he 

- - runs and has a quarter shareholding. Since 
Boesky got involved in 1982 Cambrian’s 

- net assets have increased from £8 million 
.’ to nearly £100 .million thanks to its 

lucrative role as middle man in many a 
. bid. More than 90 per rent of its assets are 
usually in the US. Apparently some 
British institutions are now taking stakes 
- in Cambrian as a way of ginerly testing the 
arbitrage market without tarnishing their 
image. 

Mr Boeslty has great admiration for 
Tord Hanson. “We fold him his 12 per 
cent stake in SCM, but we won’t be 
. : following Hanson -into Westland. Our 
' skills toe based firmly on asset valuation.” 

Hopes of rates gift 
buoy gilts market 

. “My car can turn on a sixpence, whatever 
that is,” quipped Nybar GuIbenJdan. 
What he would have made of yesterday’s 
‘ Rally That Never Was is anybody’s guess. 

• The market turned on nothing at alL 

‘ Buoyed by hopes of a free gift; on rales 
from the weekend Group of Five meeting, 
the gilt-edged^ market was up about » h. 

. point at the long, end at' the off and 
streaming ahead. Futures were 14 ticks 
ahead, and by 12 o'clock a full point up. 
American traders were. well ib the fore. . 

•; The Government .Broker enjoyed a 
’fljrtatious. ntorningJjntb the jobbers, as 

• they bid him hard'forjiis last remaining 
■taplet. Treasury 10 "percent 1992. The GB 
;refused to play ball qt;£92 1 i tossed his 
head at £92\ and only suceumbed to the 

' jobbers* entreaties at £92%. In the light of 
what followed, these “hard to get” tactics 

- proved highly rewarding. - - - 

. • • . Aftpr lunch, the official denials that G5 

■ planned anything remotely connected 
*; with global rate-cutting were beginning to 

• take their tpIL The. longs swung back 
sharply, ' and futures shed a full point, 
dropping bapje in heavy trading volume to 
1 08.22, dowq at that jxunt on the day. 

The detailed money supply figures for the 
banking month of December, which 
became; available at 2.30 pm, contain 
some distinctly odd entries. Demand for 
National Sayings, for example, has 
slumped, with Mr and Mrs .Britain only 
stumping up some.£28 'million. 

The , Government Broker fared little 
better, unloading a mere £244 million of 
debt into the. market Total funding was 
just £305 million. This was substantially 
less than the seasonally adjusted Public 
^Sector of Borrowing Requirement of £574 
'million, implying a sharp divergence 
already from the Chancellors October 17 
..restatement of funding policy, which 
-aimed to take out the PSBR no more and 
•-no less; • 

The figures do not make pretty reading. 
Bank lending of £2.1 billion. was not only 
higher than staristidansiexpected, but the 
main push to. the growth in private sector 
credit creation stemmed, from the Bank of 
' England’s Issue Department’s operations. 
The logic of the analysis suggests that as 
£1.3 billion ■ of sale .and repurchase 
agreements with the dearers ran off and 
the banks repaid from the mar ket in huge 
quantities, in eider to head off any rise m 
•rates. - 

The Exchequer has been in deficit for, 
-most of the last fortnight, although the tax 
paying season ought to be in full swing, 
making the Exchequer crofters burst at the 
seams. Could these strange figures point 
.towards yet another strategem to oontairi 
interest rates? asked Stephen Lewis of 
Phillips and Drew. Are the authorities 
simply refusing, not cashing ; the tax-* 
payers’ cheques? ■ 


MARKET SUMMARY 


Imperial, the tobacco, brew- 
ing and food group which is 
fighting off a £1.8 billion lad by 
Hanson Trust, made a sharp 
aitck on Hanson’s growth 
.prospects and past performance 
in its defence document yester- 
day. 

It claimed that Hanson's 
growth had been through the 
.acquisition of underperforming 
companies using highly rated 
sham, and that the size of 
Hanson now means this growth 
oouM not be sustained. Hanson 
.would have to buy a company 
worth £10 billion by 1990 to 
keep up the momentum, Im- 
perial said. 

It also asserted that 77 per 
cent of Hanson's 1985 profits 
came from declining industries 
and dial the performance of the 
businesses which have been part 
of Hanson from 1979 to 1984 
have been mostly pedestrian. It 
singled oul Ever Ready for 
criticism. Since being acquired 
by Hirnson in 1981, Ever Ready 


had lost 5 per cent brand share 
. ;□ the short-fife battery market 
and 20 per rent in the total 
market. Imperial claimed. 

A Hanson Trust director, Mr 
Mania Taylor, said there was 
nothing in the document that 
persuaded Hanson its offer was 
anything other than the right 
one. Imperial had failed to 
address the issue of its perform- 
ance in earnings per. share and 
dividends, which he said was so 
poor relative to Hanson's. 

He also dismissed Imperial's 
attack on Ever Ready, saying 
the company was the most 
successful battery manufacturer 
ip Europe. The emphasis should 
not be on declining industries, 
Mr Taylor said, but on manage- 
ment performance. 

In answer to criticisms that 
Hanson bad cut capital expen- 
diture and reduced commit- 
ment to research, he said Ever 
Ready had recently introduced 
two new batteries - Gold Seal 



Geoffrey Kent; picking out 
opportunities. 

and Sliver Seal — which had 
both done weQ. 

Mr Geoffrey Kent, chairman 
of Imperial, emphasized that 
although Imperial was also in 
declining industries, notably 
tobacco, it bad identified 
growth opportunities in those 
industries. He pointed to the 
success of Imperial's above king 


£1.2bn Wellcome value likely 


-Wellcome, the pharmaceuti- 
cal research company, is likely 
to be valued at £1.2 biDion 
when its shares are put up for 
sale this month. It will be the 
largest private company to be 
floated on the stock market. 

The lead-up to the flotation 
has been dogged by the 
departure of two key executives. 
Dr Pedro Cuatrecasas, the head 
of American research and Mr 
Bill SuUivan, the Americas 
region director. 

The company, with its 
principal adviser, Robert Flem- 
ing. apparently considered 
abandoning the issue ax one 
point but, with only throe weeks 
to go, they decided to go ahead. 

Mr Alfred Sbepperd, chair- 
man and chief executive of 
Wellcome said there was no 
boardroom argument with Mr 
Sullivan. “He did not leave as a 


Duke hits at 
industrial 
complacency 

By Teresa Poole 

Twenty years after exhorting 
British Industry to pull its finger 
: out, the Duke of Edinburgh had 
to admit yesterday: il The 
response to that call has not 
been brilliant." 

The Duke was speaking as 
president of the Royal Society 
of Arts at the opening of 
Industry Year 1986. 

He said: “Forty years ago 
industry was booming and we 
were enjoying full employment. 
INow, here we are in 1986. with 
over 3V5 million unemployed, 
everyone lamenting our indus- 
trial decline and having to 
launch an ‘industry year* cam- 
paign to-explain to the people of 
this country that ‘industry 
matters’. 

The Dnke said complacency 
was the root of the problem. 
“The most remarkable argu- 
ment suggests that we have now 
become a post-industrial so- 
ciety, as if all the goods and 
services that we need, and have 
come to expect, will be pro- 
duced by some sort of magic. 
For ‘magic* read ‘foreign com- 
petitors’ - 

Views and attitudes were not 
changing fast enough, be said. 
“Britain may never again be the 
only workshop of the world, but 
there is no reason whatever why 
it should not come to be 
recognized as one of the best 
and most successful workshops 
in the world.” 

One of the main aims of 
Industry Year is to create better 
links between education and 
industry. In a message to the 
launch the Prime Minister, Mrs 
Thatcher, sai± “Industry Year 
will not succeed in changing 
attitudes unless people. come to 
realize that industry can offer a 
life of opportunity and excite- 
ment. We cannot afford to have 
people acknowledge industry's 
worth - but look elsewhere for 
their careers” 

' Sir Terence Beckett, director- 
general of the Confederation of 
British jhidustry, said: “It is 
extraordinary that we in thi< 
country, where the industrial 
| revolution began, need an 
Industry Year at alL In Japan 
and Germany it is industry year 
.every year”. 


By Clare Dobie 
result of a flaming row", Mr 
Sbepperd said yesterday. 

The pathfinder prospectus, 
out yesterday, gives a warning 
that the company’s sales pro- 
gress this year will be modest. 
In addition research and devel- 
opment and marketing costs are 
increasing and the rise of the 
pound against the dollar will 
have damaged profits. There is 
□o profit cost, however. 

Last year North America 
contributed 65 per cent of 
Wellcome’s trading profits be- 
fore research and spending. 

The pathfinder sets ouLall the 
terms of the launch except the 
price of the shares. This win be 
finally agreed just before the 
final prospectus is published on 
January 29. The prospectus will 
be advertised two days later. 

Applications for shares have 
to be-in by February 7 and 


allocations will probably be 
announced on February 10. 

The company has plans to 
launch several new drugs. 
Before Christmas an anti-de- 
pressant, Wellbrutin, was given 
approval by the American 
authorities and it will be 
marketed this year. 

Research on a new drug for 
shingles and glandular fever is 
also being carried out and 
clinical trials for a treatment of 
Aids are due to start in Britain, 
after encouraging progress in 
America. The Aids product is 
unlikely to be available for 
some years. 

Robert Fleming will uy to 
restrict allocations to individual 
investors to 2.5 per cent of the 
company, but this limit will not 
apply once dealings start. 

Up to 10 per cent of the offer 
will be allocated to employees. 

Tempos, page 23 


Davenports spurns £30m 
bid by Wolverhampton 


By Cliff Feltham 


Wolverhampton & Dudley 
Breweries yesterday offered £30 
million for its Black Country 
rival, Davenports, 

But remembering jts "failed 
attempt three years ago, it said 
it would bid only if it got the 
support of the board or the 
main shareholder, the Baron 
Davenport’s charity Trust. 

However, the Davenports 
board later rejected the terms as 
inadequate. 

Wolverhampton & Dudley 
already owns 15.7 per cent of 


Davenports, but the bid hinges 
on the decision of the trust, 
which has almost 20 per cent. 

Wolverhampton & Dudley is 
prepared to offer shares and 
loan slock worth 409p or 395p 
in cash if the trust starts selling 
before the end of the month - 
otherwise an offer of 375p in 
cash. 

In the stock market Daven- 
port’s shares, changing hands at 
267p a week ago before bid 
speculation started, dosed at 
365p, up 15p on the day. 


size cigarettes, which lead the 
sector with 40 per cent market 
share. 

The next stage in the battle 
depends very much on the 
Office of Fair Trading, which is 
expected to reach its decision 
on whether or not to refer the 
bid to the Monopolies Com- 
mission around January 24, the 
first dosing date for Hanson’s 
offer. It is expected to decide on 
Imperial's proposed merger 
with United Biscuits at the 
same time. 

Hanson's shares closed yes- 
terday lp higher at 200p, 
valuing its offer for Imperial at 
235p a share against Imperial’s 
market price of 258p. United 
Biscuits shares were up 3p at 
239p against an offer price from 
Imperial inflated by the Hanson 
bid worth 322Vip. 

When asked if the terms of 
the merger with United Biscuits 
would be renegotiated, Mr Kent . 
said: “Wc will take events as 
they occur’*. 

Tempos, page 23 


US growth 
‘unlikely 
to continue’ 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 
The recovejy in the US 
economy is likely to prove 
unsustainable, according to a 
report by the Organization of 
Economic Co-operation and 
Development. 

The report says that signs of 
hesitancy in American growth 
have appeared, while the cur- 
rent account deficit is forecast 
to widen from £128 billion (£89 
billion) last year to $146 bilfron 
this year. 

Deficits of this size re 
expected to add to protectionist 
pressure and produce US 
external debt of $700 billion to 
$800 billion, up to 15 per cent 
of gross national product, by the 
end of the decade, the OECD in 
its first report on the US 
economy since 1983. 

The federal budget deficit, 
forecast by the Congressional 
Budget Office this week to rise 
to $220 billion in this fiscal 
year, has pushed up worldwide 
interest rates, the report says. 

Action to combat the deficit, 
which emerged this week in the 
form of spending cuts, including 
the first decline in the military 
budget since 1973, is an “urgent 
priority”, according to the 
OECD. 

Industrial production figures 
published yesterday showed a 
0.7 per cent rise last month, 
after a 0.6 per cent November 
increase. 

• Borrowing on international 
capital markets reached a 
record $261.1 billion last year, 
the OECD said. 


Tin council 
under fire 

The private impatience of 
London Metal Exchange brok- 
ers with the International Tm 
Council boiled over into public 
anger last night, when one of the 
authors of a recue plan for the 
tin market attacked the avasrve 
tactics of the ITG 

This attack strengthened the 
growing feeling among bankers 
and brokers that a breakdown 
in the tenuous talks with the 
ITC is imminent - and that a 
collapse of the tin market is 
unavoidable. 

Mr Ralph Ke s t cnban m. 
managing director of Gerald 
Metals, said: “It is now dear 
that the FTC's evasive position 

is being led by France and 
Germany.” He estimated the 
ITCs likely debts at £500 
million. With Mr Peter Gra- 
ham. senior deputy chairman of 
Standard Chartered Bank, he 
has presented a £320 million 
rescue proposal. 

£M3 increases 

The sterling M3 measure of 
money supply rose 0.6 per cent 
in tiie December banking 
month and was 15. 1 per cent up 
on a year earlier. Bank lending 
rose £2.1 billion. Narrow 
money, MO, rose 0.3 per cent 
PSL2 plus building society term 
deposits, a measure favoured by 
the Bank of England, rose 0.6 
per cent and was 3 3.3 per cent 
up on December 1984. 


Texaco has sold its 1 per cent 
share in Britain's largest North 
Sea oil field, the BP Forties 
field. Clyde Petroleum has 
bought 0.75 per cent and 0.25 
per cent has gone to Berkeley 
Exploration and Production. 


Gestetner profit 

Gestemer Holdings, the of- 
fice equipment group, has 
increased pretax profits to £1 1.6 
million from £8.2 million for 
the year to November 2. Sales 
rose to £387.8 million from 
£366.7 million. A final dividend 
of Ip makes 3.5p for the year 
against 1.32p last time. 

Tempos, page 23 

IKEA site 

IKEA, the Scandinavian furni- 
ture retailer, has bought a site at 
Neasden, north London. It is 
believed to have paid £8 
million. 

THF payout up 

Trusthouse Forte, the hotel 
and leisure group, has recom- 
mended a final dividend of 
4. 1 8p a share, making a total for 
the year of 5.45p, up from 
4.74p. 

Broker bought 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 
will announce the purchase of 
Tilney & Co, the Liverpool 
stockbroker, in the next few 
days. 


Ifjyour 





ceis 




mmm, 



RISES; 

Turner &Newafi * — 
Aarontte Group ......... 

Biomechanics^- — 
Feroabropk Group — . 

CHer ........ 

Info Ken. Rfober — 
Hampton Gold ..... — 

Dixon (David) ...; , 

GeovorTtn — . 

Country & New Town 
M unton Bros. 


dyne Petroleum HHIII 

Edmond Holdings u... 

CHrff Qfl 

Centrovkidal ; — : — 

Capa Industries 

-Williamson Tea 

Yeltowtemmer 
Precious Metals,— .. 
FKI Electricals — — 
Tetemetrix — — - 


,~~118p+25p 

±3$ ? 

-24p +3p 

»~~1Qp+]p 

500p+50p 

„_14Sp+13p 
..JH83p+22p 
— BQp+5p 
— 109p+9p 

.13p+1p 

„-,-66p+6p 
_1450p+1p 
— 30p+2p 
~.13&>+13p 
*..JB2p+4p 

— 470p+30p 
128p+Bp 
— 127p+8p 
_.i_50p+3p 
„._t18p+7p 


London: 


FALLS: 

Cps Computer — 27p -fip 

Central &S’wood .5.50p-50p 

Dawporp 1O0p-Bp 

Comb. Tech. Coip. 14p -Ip 

Oowty Group .I83p-11p 


E FFr10B846 (-0.0074} 

E Yen 291 .39 (-0A0) 

£ Index: 78.0 (unchanged) 
New York: palest) 

E $1.4405 
$: DM 2^4625 
$ index: 125.9 (unchanged) 
ECU £0.616692 
5DR £0.780206 


INTEREST RATES 


London: 

Bank Base: 1214% 

3-month interbank 12 i y ] |-12’V^% 
3-maitheBgftdabBs: 
buying rata 12VS-12V% 


Prime Rate 9^0% 

Federal Fi«ds7?i% 

3-month Treasury Bffls 7.17-7.16% 
30-year bond price 104&-104fe 


One day, you say, you'll own a 
Rolls-Royce. But not, says your 
accountant, just yet. 

This advertisement will show you 
that your accountant is wrong. It 
would Eke to suggest that the day on 
which you mark your life's 
achievements by becoming the owner 
of the best car in the world may be 
only weeks away. 

It would, in short, like to draw 
your attention to foe compelling case 
in favour of buying a used Rolls- 
Royce. 

THE FINANCIAL CASE 

For between £20,000 and £35,000 
for example, you can have a choice of 
Silver Shadow or Silver Sprit. It win 
be a magnificent example of Rolls- 
Royce engineering, craftsmanship and 
comfort It will also be protected by 
the exclusive Warranted mechanical 
insurants scheme, available only from 
authorised distributors. 

Depreciation on a car you buy at 
this price is often negligible over foe 
first few years of ownership. (Earlier 
this year one authoritative trade value 
guide noted significant rises in 
residual values of Silver Spirit and 
Silver Spur motor cars.) 

Buy a vsy good Rolls-Royce, 
maintain it weD, drive it for two years 
and you will have foe greatest 
motoring Measure of your life. What's 
more the rates of depreciation of othg 
cars at similar prices will leave you in 
no doubt about the financial 
advantages of your two years of 
ownership of a used Rolls-Royce. 




Rolls-Royce say a car with 100,000 
miles on the dock is 'nicety run in.' 
Every Rolls-Royce engine is assembled 
by hand and is engineered far Jong 


\ > • L.. 



ms 


years of trouble-free motoring. 

The Silver Spirit is typical of foe 
magnificent cars available to the 
buyers of a used Rolls-Royce. It is the 
latest and the most technically 
advanced Rolls-Royce ever made. The 
automatic air-conditioning system can 
cope with foe climatic variations of a 
journey from the North Pole to the 
Equator, without adjustment And the 
suspension system is so sensitive that 
it even compensates for the gradual 
emptying of foe petrol tank. 

THE CORPORATE CASE 


The Silver Spirit also represents a 
sound investment for you and your 
company in a less tangible way. A 
recent survey into the attitude of foe 
public towards the Rolls-Royce car 
showed exactly what you'd expect: 
that 80% of people asked consider a 
Rolls-Royce to be the car most 
representative of quality and 78% 
believe it inspires wide respect. A 
Rolls-Royce still speaks volumes about 
the success and confidence of a 
company. 

THE MOST CONVINCING CASE 


There is nothing quite like driving 
a Rolls-Royce. An hour behind the 
wheel is more persuasive than words 
could ever be. A brief glanoe at 
classified pages wO! rive you some 
idea of the range of Rolls-Royce and 
Bentley cars available If you would 
like to experience any of them first 
hand, contact foe dealer in question 
who will be pleased to arrange a test 
drive for you. 






"The best car in the world*, from authorised 
Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealere of Great Britain. 









FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 




THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


WAUL STREET- 




FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


AMR 

ASA 

Attoa signal 

ABea Stores 
ABSCftjaiws 
Alcoa 
Amarine 


a> ?’• Exxoncoip 

3 ! a sa 8 " 

w’j 67% FstCWcago 
* <% Fst intrst Bncp 

a g a P ” D *» 


Jan 

Jan 

15 

14 

Si' 

54% 

rsa 6ff, 

64% 


22% 

w% 

29 


Jan Jan 

15 14 

przw *5% «%- 

Fhelps Dodge 26>i 28% 

PhtoMrans 93% 82% 


« — " i^a i^d ruu 

WHrtflaHasa 27', 2ff a CAF&xp 

W*« «’• GTE Carp 

sgr- ir> && 
a a esF 

Express 51% 51% Gen MBs 


rr *»■ « *#i-| u«n wus M 

Sty Gan Motors 69% 

aEsSSL & *2* GanPu&USNY 19', 

Amstow&rd 3s 5 , 37% Orosco gi, 

£"J*feP t Kmo 2}% 23% Georgia Pacific “ 


*™“ 62% 61% Gdbtn 7ii 

3 3 Qoo*Wi 33»« 

ssa« a a is® a 

AtfntlcRiehiwkl 6V, 60% Grace 52% 

AvonProducs 27% 27% GiamcS P acific 20% 

Bankets Tst NY 73', 72% 32% 

gr*ani8rlca 14% 14% GommanCorp 29% 

Bar** Boa con 61% 61 GuMftWwt 52% 

Bank of NY S3'j SI 1 , HWnzH.J. 29% 

BaxtwTrsw IP, 16', Hercules 3B% 


Bank of NY 
Baxter Trsw 


Beairtcs Foods 43% ay, Howten-Ptod 38% 

Bethlohom Seal 15’, 14', Horsywef 77% 

Boeing 48% 47% tcinds 37% 

Boise Cascade 45', 44*, moersofl 53V 

garden 49 49', inSndSieof 24 

Borg Warner 24', 24', IBM 152V 

Bristol Myers 63 61', Int Harvester §1, 

BP 31 s , 31 INCO 14 

Burfmgton tnd 31 30 s . Ira Paper 50', 

Burtrrjion Nthn 79 69 WTetTei 38% 

Buroughs 62V 63% Irving Bank 44V 

Cam ppg r Soup 4 S’, 46% jtm Walter 42V 

Canadian Padflc IS 7 # 12% Jc7rscn& John 5V, 


49 49', inland Steel 

24', 24', ibm 

63 61 7 , Int Harvester 

31 s , 31 INCO 

31 30 s , Ira Paper 

79 68 bit Tel Tel 


29 PwSfcsPtrtro! Iff, ’£» 
S3 7 , Polaroid 46V A &* 

av PPG Ind 47V J£| 

66V Procter ©amble 67 *®% 

53'# PubSwB&Gas 31V 30% 

48% RaydWOT 54V 

69V RCA Carp 63 6ZV 

65 Reynolds tnd 31', • 3 

68 1 , Reynolds Metal 39V 39 

Iff, RockweB Int 3ff, ® 

59V Royal Dutch 65V 6$ 

70V 5a Ways 3ff, 34 s , 

Iff, Sara Lee 4flV «V 

3 1 , SfESopK 35 34V 

84V SCM 74 1 , 74% 

70% ScWumbergor 35V »% 

33V Scon Paper 49V 

ov Seag-am 46% 45V 

2BV Sears Roebuck 37?, 37], 

51 Shea Trans 39% aft 

20% anger 39% 3ffi 

31V Smifliklno Beck 74V 74 ■ 

29 s , Sony 18V if * 

^ StflCafEdJttri 25% 25V 

30% Sparry Corp 50V 49V 

3 ff, stdOBon® sc, so- 
ar 1 , Sterling Drug 37 s , 37 

74>, Stevens J. F, 2 ff, 28% 

36% Son Camp 49V * 9 ’* 

S3 1 , Teledyne 317 1 , 318V 

23V Tenneco 40V ^ 

149V Texaco 30V 30V 

9V Texas East Carp 40 1 , 39% 

13V Texas Irat IDS 1 , IK], 

*V. Texas unties 29 s , 23% 


3BV SttKXOh® 
37V Sterling Dtu 
74>, Stevens J-F 
39V Sun Comp 
53V Teledyne 
23', Tenneco 
149*, Texaco 


CaterpBtar 43 42V Kaser AMmin 17% 

Colanesa 144 s , 144', Kerr McGee 3?, 

Central SW 27 V 27V Kfmfcwiy dark 63% 

Champion 24V 24V K Man 33 s , 

Chase Manhat 78 75V Kroger 6% 

Cham Bank NY 46 45V LT.V.Corp 6% 

Chevron 37V 37V Lfflon 79 s , 

Ovysier 42 41% Lockheed 4 S', 

Cufcrap 52V 50V Lucky Stores 24', 

CtorkEqut) 25V 25 Manut Hanover 47 s . 

Coca cola 79V 79', ManvflleCp 6V 

C olgate 31 31 Maoco 38 

CBS 1151, 115V Marine Midland 40 

Columbia Gas 40>, 40V Martin Marietta 33V 

Combustion Eng 32 1 . 32 Masco 40 

ConwrWi Edison 29 1 , 23 McDonnell 74% 

Cora Edison 38V 36 Mead 45V 

Cons Nat Gas 49 49V Merck 138V 


3BV Textron 49V 49 

44% Travelers Carp 45V *8V 

42V TRW me 84V 64V 

51', UAL Inc 4a 7 , 48 

17 Unilever NV 144', 141V 

32 s , Union Carbide 74 s , 7 4 V 

83V Lbl PsCffie COrp 50V 51V 

34% United Brands 24 s , 25 1 , 

44 s , US Steel 2ff, 25V 

ff, UtdTechnol 45V 4fV 

BOV Unocal 2B>, 27 

4flV Warner Comma 37 37V 

24V Warner Lambert 47', fTV 

46V Weis Fargo 65V 64 s , 

6V WestnoheeBec 42V 43 

38 Weyenmuser 30V ?£> 

aff, Whkipool 50V SO 1 , 

33». Wootaorth 58V 60], 

39V Xerox Corp 80 s . 5£, 

75 Zemth 19'» 19 s * 

44V 

^ CANADIAN PRICES 

31 V AbMU 15V 15V 

46V Alcan Alumln 43 42 

63V Algoma Steel 20 20 

37 1 , Bed Telephone 39 s , M], 

40V CanPadflc 18 17 1 , 

14V Cominoo Iff, 12V 

35V Cone Bathurst Iff, 1m, 

23V GuSOi 2D 1 , 20V 

12 s . Hawfcer/SkJ Can 21V 21V 

76V Hudson Bay Mm V, ff, 
20 s , Imasco 26V 26 

29V Imperial Ofl 50 s . 49', 

30V Int Pipe 42 42V 

36 Mas&.-Fferg&n 3.00 3-05 

51V Royal Trustee 22 21V 


Con? Power 9V 9V Minnesota Mng 89 
Control Data 2T, 20V Mobil OU 31V 

Craning Glass 6i', 59V Monsanto 4p, 

CPC hit] 50*, 50V Morgan J.P. 64 

Crane 35V 37V Motorola 37% 

Crown Zeller 40% 40% NCR Corp 41V 

.Darts Krah 40% 40V NL Industrfeu 14% 

feera 28% 27V Nat Dtstfflere 35 

EMha Air 39% 39 s , NatMedEnt 22% 

Dajroh Edison 15V iff, Nat Samlcndctr Iff, 

Digital Equip 141% 137 Norfolk South 79’, 

Dismay 121% 12?, NW Bancorp 30 

Dowipwmical 41% 41% occidental Pet 29% 

DresaJr (nd IB 18V Ogden 30V 

DukeF'ower 35 35 s . Obi Crap 3S 7 , 

Du Porai 64% 64% Owro-flfinois 52% 

EastamyAIr 5% Padflc Gas Elec 19% 

Eastman Kodak 47% 4ff# pan Am 7% 


39 s . m;. 

18 17V 


26% 26 
50 s . 49', 

42 42V 


Dow ahead 
at opening 

Prices opened higher in active 
trading, and the Dow Jones 
industrial average, which rose 
8-25 to 1527.29 on Wednesday, 
was ap 2.75 to 1530.04 soon 
after the market opened. 

The Federal Reserve Board 
said United States industrial 
production rose 0.7 per cent in 
December, and the Labour 
Department reported that new 
claims for state unemployment 
insurance fell by 55,000 in the 
I week to January 4. 

The stock and bond markets 
had responded favourably on 
Wednesday when West Ger- 
many's finance minister said he 
believed the US would seek a 
coordinated cut in interest rates 
at this weekend's Group of Five 
meeting in London. 

One analyst said the bond 
market bad turned its attention 
from the strengthening economy 
to possible political develop- 
ments that might encourage 
lower interest rates. 

These included the G5 meet- 
ing and the view that 
the Gramm-Rndman-Hollnigs 
amendment in Congress would 
force budget cuts of about 511.7 
billion in the current fiscal year. 

Others took a less optimistic 
view. One said Wednesday's 
bond market rise was just a 
technical reaction 
He called expectations that 
interest rates would ease after 
this weekend's G5 meeting 
H wishfiil thinking". ' 


Most markets saw setbacks 
yesterday - the spectacular 
exception being precious 
metals. In hectic trading, gold 
hit its highest price for more 
than a year and silver and 


platinum followed. 

CoBce weakened, amid ner- 
vous trading, and cocoa also 
fed. Lead slipped to the same 
price as in August 1976. 


Frozen orange juice con- 
tinned its decline in New York,] 
while rumours- of Russian! 
buying •• kept the . soyabean, 
market alert, Financials were 
quieter. 


LONDON COMMODITY 
EXCHANGE 
_ Ruu»rkipp«rkSo; 
Sopewn OHNI, conM and 
coa»Tn E p«r Mtn; 
GfW-ofl and sugar hi US S 
per tonne. 

GWJoynsonend Co report 

RUBBER 

Aft months unquoted 

Val ml 

SUGAR 

(Haw) 

No 6 at 16.40 

Mar 139.20-39.00 

May 14500 -45.80 

Aug 15100-51.00 

63 -_.__157.GO-56.00 

Dec unquoted 

Mgr .-.unquored 

Vol .1250 

SUGAR 

(White) 

AH monttis unquoted 

VOfcNU 


GAS oa. 

Fen 

M«r .... 

Apr 

Maw 

i Jun 

Aug 

Sep 

Oa 

, vol 


188.00-197.50 

191 .00-190.76 

106.00-186.25 

182.00-181.75 

180.60-17980 

181 .00-1 80 JX) 

182.00- 17*00 

1B4 .00-175 .00 

190.00-170.00 

4586 


COCOA 

Mar — 

May — — 

July 

Sap 

Dec — 

Mar 

May. 

Voi 

COFFEE 

Mar _____ 

May 

Jul 

SfP 

Mar 

W:=rs= 

SOYABEAN 

Feb 

*Pf ■— 

Aug^!'"" 

Oa 

Dec 

Feb 

Vol 


_1705-O3 

1705-04 

,1730-2 

1746-45 

1760-55 

1782-75 

1800-96 

__2263 


1705-03 

1705-04 

1730-28 

1748-45 

1780-55 

1782-75 

._..l 800-96 
.2283 

...139.9-35-0 
-.136.7-38S 
,_130J-33i 
■_1 32-0-31.0 
-.132.0-31.0 
_133JI-31JI 
_ 136.0-30.0 
302 


LONDON METAL EXCHANGE 
Unofficial priett 
OfUW turnover flgurat 
Prises la e per mcbic tonae 
Sther ki pence per boy ounce 
Rudoft Wolff 4 Co. Ltd. report 

COPPER NK3HQRADE ■ 

Cash -_-998,004B9J30 

Three mortha 1024 -50-1 025.00 

vol.. 7675 

Tone -.atoody 

STANOARD CATHODES 

Cash 982.00-9854)0 

Three mona« 1013.00-1 01 5.00 

Vca m 

Tone Ida 

tin Suspended 
LEAD 

Cash 2S2.O0-259.00 

Three months 264.00-264.00 

Vd 3300 

Tone steady 

ZINC STANDARD 

Cash 417.00-419.00 

Three months 

Vd nl 

Tone Jdb 


SILVER SMALL 

.Cash -429JW30J 

I Three months _A42.0443X 

■ Vo) — JJ» 

■Tuna i R» 

ALUMMUM 

Cash.. .-..801 .50-8QSL60 

Three months . — .829. 0 0-63 000 

Vol -28M , 

tone steady 1 

NICKEL 

Cash 2790JJO-3800.0D 

Three months __2S70.00-2875.00 

Vol _____8S4 

Tone .■ jaady 

MEAT AfO LIVESTOCK 
COMMISSION 
Average Mauek prices at 
reprewntettm markets m 
J anuary 16 

CattJe, 9t40p per kg hr 
(-1.98. 

GBiSMW.184.B0p par kg add 
GVr (-17.701 

BBiraa, 73£2p per kg hv 

England and Wslet: 

Cane nos. up 5.6 percent ava. 
raw*. 9BS7p (-2.1S. 

Sheep nos. down 11.6 per cant 
awe. pries. 186 34p(_l7.00l 
Pip nos. down 5.1 per cam, eve. 
price. 73. 43? (-1.42}. 

Aulluuf- 

«wWoK£ 

Cattle naa. down 21 .6 per cant 
eve. price, 9SA9p f-1 ifi). 

Sheep nos. Qowrclfii percent 
awe. price. 179.7%, 1-2413). 

Pig nos. dwm 18A per cent ave, 

price. 77.57P (-2L47). 

LONDON ORAM FUTURES 
£ per tonne 


ZINC HIGH GRADE 

Cash 439.00-440 JM 

Month . 

Wheat 

Ctose 

Barley 

Ctoee 

Three months 452.00-453JM 

Jan 

£11 4.65 

£112.85 

Vd - 3250 

Mar 

£117.25 

£115.65 

Ton* . — steady 

May 

El 2050 

£118.01 

SILVER LARGE 

Sip 

£112.90 

E9940 

£99 JO 

Caen 429JM30.0 

Nov 

£103.05 

£102.51 

Three months 442.0-443.0 

Vol ,_10 

Tone quiet 

Volume 
Wheal _. 
Barley — 


523 

111 


LONDON 

POTATO FUTURES 
£ per tonne" 

Month • ■ Open doea 

Feb - ' SLM 60.00 

Apr 97.10 9580 

May 103-60 102.40 

Hoy 77.00 7730 

Feb - 6330 . 89.00 

VoL 1445 

BALTIC FREIGHT INDEX 
aML Fre tal i t Futures Ltd report 
*10 per Index potat 
raja dose 
Jan 88 90S&-699.0 8993 

Apr 88 90BJJ-955J) 955.0 

Jul 88 820.0-620.0 822.0 

Oct 88 922X-92D.O 918J) 

Jan 87 925.0-920.0 920.0 

Apr 57 1000.0-1000.0 

9953 

Jul 87 — 855.0 

Oct 87 960.0 

Spot 909.0. 

VoL: 158. 

The Mtowtog ptees refer to 

Wednesday's tredtag 

LONDON IEAT RITUR&B 
EXCHANGE 
. LhrePigCoRbacT 
p. per kflo 

Month' Open Close 

Fab Unq SM 

Mar Unq - 96 .0 

Apr Unq 93.fi 

May Unq 94.0 

Jim Unq. 94.0 

JU Unq . BSO 

Aug '.Unq 9SJ0 


ngreeet 

P-F® 

Open Close 

101.7 1025 

102^4 102.8 

100J 100.7 

0987 0S9.1 

105.0 

1ffiS8 106.0 


Foreigp exchange markets were 
quiet In the morning, though 
activity increased durmg the 
afternoon- But trading was 
amtious and ..dealers.- 
nervous before this weekend s 
Group of F*we meeting ui 

London. _ ^ mt 

With reports suggesting that 
tiie Europeans want to see a co- 
ordinated cut in interest rates - 
the US Federal Keaerto. is 
thought to be opposed to this - 
there was uncertainty about 


both the likelihood vaH ^ 
implications of such a move. 

The pound closed with.* 
point fal] at $1.4395, whflt its 


at7R0. ■ 

The rise in the gold prfcy 
possibly triggered, acondW^ 
some sources, by Arab bujtag, 
prompted by selling of d^lu- 
based assets in retalktum for 

the US sanctions against Libya 

had surprisi ngly Irak effect on 
die dollar Riven its magnitude. 




I i 








s 

r 


It 

2 


MONEY MARKETS-AND GOLD 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 



Eaton Crap 65 s . fiff, PwvwyJ.C. 56% 

Emerson Eloct BOV 79% Pcmnzot 70% 

Emery Air Fr<]1 16 V 16% PepsiCo fin 1 , 

• Ex efiv. ■ Asiled. C Ex cfclitiwtmn. h BU. k Mari£t dosrd. a New 


lift Seinram 
7% Steel Co 23 23 

55% Thomson N 'A* 22% 2SP, 

71 Welker Hiram 30«. 30% 

69, WCT 16% 16V 

USU8. e Stock 'JVH. I TraCHL y Unquoted. 


65 s . 63>. 

23 23 


OONpON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


As the price of gold soared to 
levels last seen almost two years 
ago - it touched $380 (£264) on 
the bid side at one stage - the 
metal markets saw frantic 
demand. 

BueRetnK 

Clearing Banks 12V 
Finance House 12 
Discount Maricet LoanaH 
Overnight Kohl 3 Low 11 
WraklWn'i 


7Jnw Month Sterfftiff 

Mar 86 - 

Jun 86 T . . 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Previous day's tote* open interest 10310 
Three Monin EurodoBar 

Mar 88 

Jun 86 

Sop 86 

Dec 86 

Previous day’8 total -open Interest 18838 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

5eoB6 

Previous day's total open Interest 3830 
Short Ott 

Mar 86 

Jun 88 

Sep 86 

Previous day's total open Interest 1321 
LangOn 

MarB6 

Jun66 - 

See 36 

Dec 88 

Previous day's total open Interest 8718 
FT-SE 100 

Mar 86 

Jun86 

Previous days total opun Merest 2040 


a>d Othr Chng Yta 


Open 

High 

Lew 

Ctoee 

EttYol 

ST S3} 

STM 

87.10 

87.16 

6752 

87.69 

8742 

87.57 

87.62 

339 

88.30 

8830 

88.02 

88.05 

148 

88.60 

88.60 

8927 

88.32 

62 

91.98 

92.07 

9140 

91.92 

5953 

91.B2 

9145 

91.74 

91.75 

2202 

91.63 

91.73 

91.53 

91.53 

330 

9143 

91.52 

9141 

91.30 

28 

83-09 

83-29 

82-23 

82-25 

9*79 

62-08 

82-14 

82-08 

81-20 

44 

NT 




0 

9WJ0 

95-20 

94-62 

94-62 

938 

NT 



95-18 

0 

NT 




0 

10B-28 

109-20 

108-17 

108-18 

8522 

109-30 

109-30 

109-28 

109-03 

20 

NT 



109-13 

0 

NT 



109-13 

0 

141.00 

141.00 

139.65 

14025 

499 

NT 



141.75 

0 


The money market appeared 
a lot calmer, with period rates j 1 * 
or t s easier in further response 
to the call for the Group of Five 
to consider a reduction in 
interest rates. 

DofttoCDeftt) 

1 month 8.Q54L00 3 months a 05-8.00 
6 months 8.058.00 12 months 825-8^0 

EURO-CURRENCY DEPOSITS % 


1985 

High Low company 


OtvYld 

Price Ch'gr ponce % P/ E 


Treasury Bdto (Dfscourt %) 

Buying SelKng 

2 months 12*e 2 months 12V 

3 months 12V 3 months Iffa 

Prime Bank BO* miscount %) 

1 month 12V1Z 1 . 2 months Ifftrlff. 

3 months 12^12%, 6 months lZ’rll' 1 !, 
Trade BOb (Discount *■) 
i month 13 2rtwnths 12 

3 months Iff, 6 months Iff, 


Overnight open 12 ctose 13-12 
1 week 12V-12V 6 months 12’VlffV, 

1 month l2 n ,rl2 1, M 9 months iZ'rlff, 

3 months IZ^ir^'t* 12 months 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2deys 11% 7days 11% 

1 month 12 s , 3 months iff, 

6 months 12 s , 12 months 12% 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 month 12%-12% 2 months 12V-12V 
3 months 12%-IZ 1 , 6 months 12%-lff, 

9 months 13V13 12 months 13V-13 

Steribtg CDs (%) 

1 month 1ff^12% 3 months 12^ir12"i» 
6 months 12>r-12% 12 months 12%-'2% 


DoSer 

7 days 8V7V 
3 months ffrfi 
Deutschmark 
7 days 4%-4% 

3 months 4*^4% 
French Franc 
7 days 9V9 
3 months 12V-1ffi 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2%-2V 
3 months 4»*^', , 
Yen 

7 days 7%-7 
3 months ffrffi 


can 

1 month 
fi months 
call 

1 month 
6 months 
cafl 

1 m onth 
6 months 
call 

1 month 
6 months 
call 

1 month 
6 months 


Krugerrand* (oer com): 
5362.00-385.00 (2251^5-25330) 
Soveretons'lnew): 

584 00-8500 (£5525-59 00) 
‘Excludes VAT 


Fit eO Rau Sterling Export Rnanca Scheme IV 
Average reference rate tor Interest period 4 
December. 1885 to 7 January. 1986. Inclusive: 
11.638 per cent 







— 


Oran 

— 








Him, 

LOW 

Comwinv 

Price 

Cti'oe pence % P/E 








•14.fi 49 




Qraantrter 

246 



23 Oft 





230 






138 

Kntona 

182 

m 




262 

226 

Hi{P) 

VB. 

• 

— 




448 


M 



7J 14 



206 

In* Cur 

247 





B2 

41 

Japan Aawt» 

iff* 


♦•1 

+1 

53b 24 


183 

IB2 


189 


+1 




B* 

LoaMtectam&ec 

5* 




. , 

to 

K 

Lon Treat 

to 


-- 



107 

SB 

UaretNrti 

104 


+1 

64b 52 



133 

Woofca 

ies 

• 

+2 

54A 11 



106 


129 

• 

+1 

7Jb 50 


144 

112 

Unayintl 

138 


+2 

- B4a 4J 


224 

iea 

Murray EraH 

224 


57b 1J 


333 

2SB 

Mirny Vartra ' 

SIS 


+1 






393 

• 


204 62 


77 

81 

New 

97 


+1 








+1 







• 




243 

157 

NterTofcyo 

. 187 


+1 

14a 57 





BOO 

• 

+2 




74% 

NftaMMMS 

78 


-2 

57 5ft 


285 

2Z7 

rUnAnw 

262 




.. 


IS 


147 

• 

+1 


•« ». 


62 

PadScAaaMi 

68 






SO 

DeWnu 

33 



53 05 


48 

32 

Panomuaaata 

87 


-• 

-- 


732 


383 


+1 

14.1b 4JJ 



m 

nwtiiK 

148 


+1 



2U 



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\ Shares of Tinner & NewaH, 
lhe e n gi n eerin g to plastic ’group, 
^ suited to, a seven-year high 
veslerday as it became apparent 
: ?c£*i that the company would face 
;■ f much lower asbestos disease 
!*§* claims. than had been suspected, 
i&k Sir Fiands Tombs, chairman, 
said ..that ‘one insurer had 
accepted- that il was KaWe for a 
significantly higher proportion 
of past year costs and consc- 
.%■?*! quendy :1985’s charge would be : 

reduced by about £8 million- If 
^ other msurers adopted the same 
approach, T & N’s ultimate bill 
would be very much lower than 
bad been feared. 

In the past two' years 
■SB asbestoas claims have cost T & 
!^J N £19.nullioD and it has put a 
fijrtber£15miiIionaside. 

•5s 3> Thie . company, once a -blue 
chip' constituent of the FT 30 
j© share 1 index, achieved profits of 
£20 3 million in 1984.1a I977it 
jsjg hit £45 million. 

The. company’s shares hit a. 
■§S ISpp.jfedk'in the late 1970s. In 
1983' foey„ were down to ISp. 
.13S Yesterday they surged 25p to 
■O H8p. ‘ 

The stock, market attempted 
IK to t bu^ oo u Wgippsday’s Jaie 

5^ i nierfeftrate irojxrs. Bid political 
uncertainties created by the 

!*' '^Mienmtec, the computer croup, 
is in line to produce profits of 
more than £1 mOllon for but 
year. Although such, a result 
f"? would represent a dramatic fid! 
Il from -the previous year's £2.5 
u million, the shares at 28p look 
^ oversold. They were .floated at 
; c I80p and touched 2I0p. 

•ii ■ i 

Ll Westland affair and suspicions.' 
:J that the political move to hold 
down interest rates will have' 
little impact retarded progress. . 
Further oil price falls also 
“T*- dampened sentiment ' 

Even so the FT 30 share 
. index achieved a 3.6 points gain .. 
■J l v to hl 1 3.2 points. It had earlier 
V^beeh 5.8 points higher. The FT- 
| SE share index closed with a 4.0 
points advance at 1,394.5 
points. : 

" J Distillers Co. striving to fight 
’" J off a £1,900 million bid from 
r °! the Argyll Group, gained 20p to 
’■if, 558p, a new peak. The price 
progress was helped' by a 
ciratiarCrom Grieveson, Grant 
Sc Co^^he,. broker. -Mjr Vjctpr. 
MhcCKR and Mr; John Spicer 

say mat “even above 650p a ' 

. share, the purchase of Distillers 
— 1 would be die cheapest recorded 
for an international Wand - 
owning business. ffistory wouJd 


By Derek Pain and Pain Spooner 


Probably record it as the snip of. 

tnc century?. . 

- Grievwdn;. until recently one 
;1 brokers, added: 
what is on the table is an offer 
to / compensate Tor historic 
dudlusionment. It is a cheap 
oner transerring shareholders-' 
assets to the Argyll Group at a 
discount**. ; 

/ There were also suggestions 
that Seagram' Co, the ranadian 
based group which ranks as the 
world's largest wine and' spirit 


Insurance, was tipped; '» as 
predator.' 

But the stories sounded thin. 
not least because Allianz is stfil 
reckoned to be wary of con- 
tested bids. In addition, GRE 
has a subsidiary in Germany, 
ranked 10th or 1 1th largest m 
the market, and Allianz might 
well meet Cartel Office oppo- 
sition to any such acquisition. 

Jobbers were thought to be 
short of GRE slock - a more 
likely cause of the mark-up in 


City analysts are preparing for a visit to Low & Bonar, the 
packaging to textiles group. Fifteen representatives of leading 
broking firms go to Derby on Tuesday to look at Flotex, the floor- 
covering subsidiary, and expect to hear good news about prospects. 
Low & Bonar shares have risen 30p since the start of this account 
Theywere up l®p to 35p yesterday. 


business, was preparing, to 
counter the Argyll offer. But 
though Seagram has looked at 
Distillers it has, it appears, 
decided nor to intervene. . . 

. But there were indications of 
. continuing American intefestin 
the st ode ' with,' ' possibly, 
Schenley . Industries, which 
already has 1.7 per cent, adding 
to its stake. General Electric Co 
is thought ,lo .-have -been selling 
.its . Distillers. 1 shareholding with, 
it 'is believed, more than 3 
million shares unloaded in the 
past few days. Argyll was 17p up 
at375p. . 

. Westland, as. Hanson Trust 
disclosed it was the' mystery 
buyer of nearly 15 per cent of 
the shares, gained 4p to 95p. 

There was excitement among 
the regional breweries as the. 
Wolverhampton Brewery of 
Birmingham. Davenports,' 
which .quickly rejected '-the 
Wolves ’ approach, closed T5p 
higher at 367p, making a lOOp 
.rain in a week, . and Wolves 
finished 7p lower at 421 p. 
Greene, King A Sons rose lOp 
to. 195p. ■. 

The market was full of 
rumours about a bid for 
Guardian Royal Exchange help- 
ing GRE ~ shares' jump 20p to 
788p-at one stage. Allianz, the 
West -German insurance group 
which failed two years ago in its 
attempt to buy Eagle Star 


the share price - and the buying 
was. described .as speculative. 
Earlier this week the shares 
were also put on an upward line 
by Wood Mackenzie, the 
broker, which recommended 
GRE had slipped back to 783p. 

Other composite insurers 
went pennies better in "the 
marginally improved market 
tone. Life assurers and 
insurance brokers were among 
■the. advances of- the' day; 
sporting rises of several pence. 

Davy Corporation slid to 95p 
at one stage as the. market 
registered its disappointment 
with the interim results. Profits 
showed only small improve- 
ment and the chairman could 
give no indication of how the 
full year figures will turn out. By 
the end of the day, the price had 
recovered to lOOp, for a net 8p 
loss. 

. Shares in British Gar Auction 
Group were volatile as the 
market tried to make up its 
mind about the deal for Group 
Lotus, in which BCA has a 29 
per cent stake. Lotus shares are 
suspended pending news of a 
tie-up with a leading US car 
maker. The Gty is looking for 
strong , benefits, both for Lotus 
and BCA, and BCA shares went 
to lOOp before settling for a net 
gain of2pai96p. 

Jaguar shares edged a further 


Traded option highlights 


The sodden surge In the price 
of gold , bullion brought option 
business for Consgold yester- 
day, . with :, a. total; of 1*329 
contracts traded in options of- 
the mining company!! ' • ’ 

^ But tree were a few other big 
volumes, on (he LTO listens tile 
daily total for tile market 
reached 17,594 etiotnets. 


Bid situations brought much 
of the artion, with Distillers 
chalking up . 2,902, Imperial 

1309^ aixd Lonrho ' lj>96 con- 
tracts traded.- The stock ex- 
change Judex option was also 
popular^ With 1,685. contracts. 

There were few significant price 
changes. . . 


THE TIMES :FRIDAY . JANUARY 17 J 986 


NEB and 
DTI blamed 
for Nexos 
collapse 

By Teresa Poole 

A publicly funded company, 
which collapsed with the loss of 
£32 million of . taxpayers* 
money, was “badly planned, 
incompetently managed and 

inadequately monitored.” 

according to a report from the 
all-party Public Accounts 
Committee published yester- 
day. 

Responsibility for the failure 
of Nexos Office Systems rested 
with its parent body, the 
National Enterprise Board (now 
part of the British Technology 
Group), and the Department of 
Trade and Industry, which 
unquestioningly accepted orig- 
inal forecasts for Nexos and did 
not monitor more closely NEB’s 
oversight of the company," the 
committee said. 

Nexos was set up by the NEB 
in September 1978 as a high- 
risk venture to market and 
support established office 
machinery products and to co- 
ordinate, and where necessary 
fond, the development of an 
integrated range of products for 
the electronic office. 

By the autumn of 1980, after 
receiving funding of £14.9 
million, Nexos was employing 
350 people with overhead and 
development costs running at 
£15 million a year, but with 
sales of only £6.75 million. By 
February 1981 the DTI had 
approved further funding of £20 
million but the failure to 
achieve adequate sales of its 
main product, the 2200 word 
processor, led to a decision in 
September 1981 to run down 
the company. 

A DTI investigation re- 
quested by lhe committee 
concluded that the Nexos 
management tried to do too 
much too quickly, creating a 
much larger organization than 
was justified by sales or 
funding. Nexos was also criti- 
cally dependent on the success 
of one product - the 2200 word 
processor- which - suffered 
delays and never achieved 
adequate sales. 

Tthe committee said that the 
NEB-negotiated supply and 
marketing agreements with 
Nexos’s main suppliers - Logi- 
cs VTS and Muirhead Office 
Systems in which the NEB also 
invested in, made no provision 
for compensation in case of 
delay, provided little control 
over development costs, and 
prevented Nexos from switch- 
ing to other suppliers. 

The report criticized the DTI 
for previously misleading the 
committee about when the 
Department became aware that 
these agreements were the 
source of Nexos's supply prob- 
lems. 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


TEMPUS 


High rating could be risky 
for Wellcome flotation 


3p better to. 436p, still on the 
back of recent trading news. 
City analysts expect the shares 
lo return easily to the 360p level 
seen in the early part of 1985. 

Pearson, the banking to 
publishing group, stays a firm 
favourite. Though there has 
been some sizeable selling of 
late, the market appears able to 
absorb any amounts of the 
stock. Pearson has disposed of 
Fairey Engineering recently but 
the City expects bigger news. 
Lazard the merchant . banking ' 
operation, is tipped as the next 
sell-off 

Glynwed International rose 
8p to 256p, still enjoying market 
appreciation of the effects of the 
restructuring of the steel indus- 
try. The joint venture between 
Guest Keen & Nettiefoids and 
British Steel is tikey to open up 
opportunities for Glynwed, and 
others, at the specialist end of 
the market 

StaveJey Industries was 
marked higher apparently in 
sympathy with Glywed. Stave- 
ley shares gaining 18p to 378p. 
But Stavelcy has little or no i 
connection with the changes m 
the steel industry, except as a 
customer, and it looked more 
likely that the City was simply 

Shares In Normans Group, the , 
supermarket chain, edged up 
ivip to 70p last night as the 
market beard that Mr Lew 
Cartier - who recently revealed a 
6 per cent stake in Normans - 
now has around 9 per cent of the 
retailer. Mr Cartier says he has 
no intention of launching a bid 
now, and looks ready to settle 
for a seat on the Normans 
board. 

becoming encouraged by trad- ; 
mg news from the electrical to i 
components group. 

Mr Brian Kent, managing 
director of Staveley,- says the 
company has a bad a good nine 
months - the year ends in 
March - and analysis appear 
happy with their forecasts of 
£10 million profits for the year 
in progress. 

GKN shares have overcome 
the exdileraeni about the steel 
joint venture, the price dipping 
2p to 269p. Nvertheless, the 
deal for GKN is widely 
regarded in the City as one with 
marked benefits 

Imperial Group gained 9p to 
- 258p as it released its rejection 
document on the Hanson bid. 

. (Mis were mixed. Clyde 
Petroleum rose 5p to 65p as 
Mooole Oil picked up a 
shareholding. 


The advisers to the Wellcome 
flotation led by Robert Flem- 
ing, are not taking account of 
the recent departures of two 
key men in arriving at a value 
for the company. Wellcome 
will be valued at roughly £1.2 
billion when it comes to the 
stock market, which implies 
that the shares will be sold on a 
multiple of 1 8 or so. This high 
rating could meet some oppo- 
sition in the City; Glaxo, which 
is growing faster than Well- 
come, trades on a multiple of 
16. 

It is hard to assess the loss of 
Dr Pedro Cuatrecasas. the head 
of the company's American 
research team, and of Mr Bill 
Sullivan, the American oper- 
ation's lop man. but their 
departures _ are unfortunate. 
The pathfinder prospectus, 
published yesterday, confirms 
just bow successful Wellcome 
has been in the United States. 
Without it. Welcome's profits 
before research and develop- 
ment would not have shown 
any real growth in the past Gve 
years. 

The American contribution 
has risen from £42 million to 
£167 million in that time, 
although that increase was 
boosted by the fell in the value 
of the pound from S2.2 to SI. 2 
last year. In local currency 
terms profits have grown by 
125 percent. 

That growth will not stop 
just because two important 
members of the team have left. 
Indeed, the new anti-viral 
drugs and marketing cam- 
paigns they were responsible 
for will carry the group 
forward. In the short term 
profits were anyway going to be 
under pressure. With only two 
othe major drugs covered by 
patents, marketing costs are 
bound to rise. In sterling terms 
profits will have been hit by the 
rise in the value of the pound 
over the past few months, 
reversing the trend of recent 
years. This means that the 
present year is likely to see 
little, if any. profits growth for 
the group. 

The timing of the float is 
unlucky. It results from the 
derision of Wellcome Trust, 
the charity which has until now 
owned 100 per cent of the 
shares, to- diversify its invest- 
ment portfolio. Other vendors 
in similar circumstances would 
reduce the price to reflect these 
conditions. A scientific charity 


may not want to give anything 
to the City but it should 
nevertheless reconsider - its 
position. 

Gestetner 

Result from Gestetner in 
recent years have given the 
impression that they have been 
run off on one of 
the company's duplicating 
machines. The story has 
consistently been one of oper- 
ational problems in Europe, big 
rationalization charges below 
the line but better things to 
come in the future. 

Although yesterday's pre- 
liminary announcement was a 
carbon copy of that theme, 
there is at last the suggetion 
that the story can now be 
believed. This new confidence 
in the company comes not 
from rhetoric but from hard 
financial facts. 

In the year to November 2, 
1985. Gestetner increased pre- 
tax profits to £11.6 million 
from £8.2 million. Earnings per 
share almost trebled to 13.5p. 
Borrowings were reduced by 
£8.75 million. It leaves the 
company looking more solidly 
based than it has for some 
time. 

However, it would be wrong 
to rate immediately Gestetner 
as the recovery slock of the 
year. If anything the present 
year will be one of consoli- 
dation rather than rapid pro- 
gress as lhe company builds on 
lhe foundation which it has 
painfully created. 

As Gestetner is well aware, 
there is a big difference 
between improving profits by 
cutting out lossmaking busi- 
ness and improving them by 
increasing sales and profitabili- 
ty. The profits improvement in 
1985 was a combination of 
those two factors although the 
emphasis was more on cutting 
losses than increasing profits. 

The company has tried to 
keep a watchful eye on the 
development of the business 
while it has been carrying out 
the rationalization programme. 
In France, for instance where 
the workforce was cut by 40 per 
cent, not one job was lost on 
the marketing side. Gestetner 
knows that if real growth, is to 
be achieved then it will come 
through a better product range 
and better marketing. 

The shares dosed up 5p at 
II Op yesterday reflecting the 
market's initial acceptance of 


the Gestetner line that it really 
has dealt with its problems 
once and for all. With a year of 
consolidation in prospect and 
in the light of previous 
experience, it is still too early 
to class them more than a hold. 

Imperial Group 

Imperial Group's 1985 re- 
sults offered no surprises, as 
the figures had been an- 
nounced in the first leg of the 
defence against Hanson Trust. 
The main new figure was the 
£616 million valuation surplus 
on ImperiaTs pubs, hotels and 
restaurants. 

The figure now awaited is 
lhe forecast of 1986 profits, 
which is still being prepared. 
City analysts are punting for 
£275 million to £285 million. 
Imperial is expected to weigh 
in at the higher end with its 
version. 

Hanson's bid was worth 
235p at yesterday's share price 
against Imperial's market price 
of 258p. Its chances of success 
at this level are niL The price 
will have to be raised to at least 
2 8 Op a share and some say 
300p. before Hanson is in with 
a good chance. 

The problem for Hanson, 
which Imperial was keen to 
point out in its defence 
document, is that there is an 
awful lot ofits paper around. 

Some institutions are unwill- 
ing to accept more Hanson 
paper and would want a cash 
sweetner. The success of the 
SCM bid in America makes a 
cash alternative very unlikely. 

Imperial has concentrated 
more in knocking Hanson in 
its document than selling its 
own record, it has certainly 
learnt a trick from Hanson's 
offer document about the use 
of quotation marks 

Holders of Hanson equity 
and convertible have sustained 
an investment "loss" of about 
£700 million since January 1, 
1985. due to Hanson's under- 
performance against the mar- 
ket, Imperial says. 

Imperial has succeeded in 
proving that it has improved 
its profitability and invested 
for growth in the last 4*6 years 
Mr Geoffrey Kent has been 
chairman. It has presented a 
good case also for its ranger 
with United Biscuits. Lord 
Hanson will have to decide 
whether he is willing to pay the 
price. His attitude at the 
annual meeting this week 
indicated he really did want 
Imperial. 


’Ward White prepares for bid action in US 


r 


By Cliff Feltham 

Mr: Philip Bitch, head of the 1 stripped out the confectionary 
fast-growing shoes to car parts manufacturing side for . £7 
group. Ward White, has not lost million and will soon . collect 
his appetite for deals, despite another £4 million for a 
pulling off a string of acqui- hotchpotch of . newsagents' 
sil Ions in Britain. shops. ' 

Next week he moves a step This leaves him free' to 
closer to launching an import-: concentrate on the chain of 85 
ant takeover bid in the United.. Zodiac . toy .shops — the reason 
States with the appointment of he wanted Maynards. They 
a supremo to take charge of enjoyed a good Christmas but 


operations there. 


there is considerable scope -for 


The man he has chosen is Mr improvement. 

Dean Haulton, aged SO, ’ who Mr Birch intendi to improve 
has been headhunted from the merchandising and believes 
running the' chain of . 580 current sales of £25 million- can 
i Endicott Johnson shoe stores - be boosted to' £100 million to 
part of the Hanson . Trust produce a return of 7 per cent 



empire. 


before tax. Last year the shops 


Mr Birch looks upon the- earned £1 million. .\ V 
appointment as a coup and is “The toy ’.market is .huge, 
clearly signalling to the market . around fl.OOOinillion, arid very 
that the US remains high on his fragmented. We plan to have 


agenda for action. 

His aim remains to turii 
Ward - White, once a sleepy 
Northamptonshire shoe maker, 
into a leading international 
retailer. 1 

Mr Birch is looking as several 
targets- in the US and believes 


around 200 shops. People are 
having children at a later age 
when they are more affluent 
and have more to spend on 
toys,", says a chairman who 
should know - he has seven 
children of his own. 

Mr Birch was a late starter in 


that having a full-time chief in the takeover field. He came into 


the form of Mr Haulton will, 
speed up the task and streng- 
then the management team. 

This is important because he 
! is still heavily involved in 
attending to the businesses, 
recently acquired in Britain. 

Ward. White paid £19 million 
for : Maynards but quickly 


Ward White in 1967 as a 
consultant, and after helping it 
through loss-making years took 
over as managing director' 
before making lhe vital decision 
in the early 1980s to concen- 
trate on retailing. But manufac- 
turing still remains a small, if 
profitable, part of the group. 


Philip Birch: (4 reteil climate 
going to improve * 1 

jyrih names such as Tuf and 
John White. 

Mr Birch made the stock 
market take notice when he 
paid Burmah £52 minion for 
Halfords, the motor accessories 
chain. Some questioned the 
logic of selling gaskets and 
fashion shoes. 

But his skill in managing a 
retailing operation, controlling 

CQStS and maintaining margins 
has brought about what he calls 
the renaissance of the business. 

"The dead hand of Burmah 
was lifted and the impportive 
hand of Ward White given lo 
Halfords. I th ink the results in 
the high street are evident." ' 


COMPANY NEWS 


He pumped- the failed Motor- 
ist Discount Centre chain into 
Halford and introduced elec- 
tronic point of sale inside four 
weeks - "Burmah had been 
discussing it for four years". 

There is now an ambitious 
programme to open edge-of- 
town Halfords DIY centres 
which next year should produce 
profits of around £2 million on 
sales of £30 million. 

Ward White’s opportunist 
£50 million bid for Owen 
Owen, the department store 
chain, looks better as time 
passes . on the basis that the 
business can only improve. 
Owen Owen’s sales per square 
foot of £108 compared with 
£155 for Debenhams and £450 
fof Marks and Spencer. 

A new merchandising pro- 
gramme is under way, the 
number of concessionaires in 
the stores are being chopped 
back, while some outlets are 
being examined with a view to 
their potential for redevelop- 
ment. “On £100 million of sales 
they should be making £7 
million a year but turned in £2.8 
million. I think we can do better 
than that.” 

But does Ward White, a 
specialist retailer, have the 
expertise to operate big stores? 
Mr Birch believes the ride is 
minimal. “People used to say all 
we knew about was running 
shoe shops. 1 think we've shown 
we can do more than that." 


His rapid fire string of UK 
acquisitions means that the 
contribution from the United 
States shoe and fashion shops 
will fell by half next year to 
around 20 percent. 

In addition, the US operation 
- represented by the 45 per cent 
holding in the Wiener stores, 
Hofhimer and up-market 
Kushine shoe outlets - have felt 
the pinch from a drop in 
consumer spending. 

But MrBircb remains en- 
thusiastic about prospects. “I 
think the retailing climate is 
going to be a lot better in 1 986." 

Mr Birch has shrugged off the 
disappointment of failing to buy 
the 700 Foster shops, having 
been outbid by Sears Holdings. 
"Some people were pleased we 
walked away from Fosters. 
They thought it might have 
been too big a lump to bite off, 
but as we get bigger we get more 
financial muscle and can man- 
age larger deals." 

He says there are still plenty 
of retailing targets left and it is 
touch and go whether he pulls 
off an American acquisition 
before returning to the takeover 
trail at home. 

Meanwhile, to avoid any 
possible conflicts if he does 
launch another bid there, he has 
appointed a third broker, 
Scrimgeour, to add to Fielding, 
Ncwson-Smith and Rowe & 
Pitman. 


RECENT ISSUES';-" 


Closing 

Price 

Abtaa Mead Vickers SpOnd( I SO) 22J+5 

AsMer (LaaniJ 5p(Wll35) 180+2 

Cable & WiirfciJ 50p Oni (SfTH 300p Pd 290 
CIuvicEiy Securities 25p Old (<>3a I <5 

Chart FouIkH Lyoct) 5p Oni (Mi) S3 

Cbct>)Ml Sums 5p Oid (120) 123+2 

China &Easin In* SOUS I7lpt *1 

Cranswict MiX lOpOrd l*S«l 97+1 

Crust* $p Otd f74il 76 

DiaJene25p Ort lllto) 133 

Granyic Sorfecc I Op Old (56a) 61+1 

IruJ Busincs* Cctnnmn lOpOrd (75) 76 

JSPa^oU^y iOpOrd (160*1 236 

JacqunVm lOpOrd (120a) 121 —I 

Lcucon Inc SCUjt Com Stfc ( 1 1 5) 113 

Meriwle Mo6ie5p(hd|I15) 12* 

Monks & Crane 10p Oni Is) W+2 

Norank System 5p Ord (Ms) 93 

S A C International lOp Ord(IOQj) IIS 

SPP IOpOrd (1 231 151 

ffl ffcf i bancs 

CbemhiKU00)CnvPHN3Pd 20 pram 


IT 


. -APPOINTMENTS - - 


Promotion for BP men 


CbemriiKn00)CnvPHN3Pd 20 pram 

Coal Pttiwemn(32i Nil W 23 iron 

Hog* Robinson (240) Nil Pd 39pjem+S 

Triplex (70) Nil W JOprem 

UnvoupfS2)NilPJ „ rfr*®".*! 

line p u ce in parentheses, a Unlisted Securities, 
■by tender. 


British Petroleum: Mr Peter 
Cazalet will become . deputy 
chairman on July I, succeeding 
Mr Roger Bexon. Mr Basil 
Butler will be a managing 
director and take over Mr 
Bexon's responsibilities as 
chairman of BP Exploration Co 
and BP Gas International. He 
will also join the board of the 
Standard Oil -Co (Ohio). 

Burma: Mr Michael Jervis is 
to be chief executive of the 
liquefied natural gas transport 
business. 

Royds South West Mr Nell 
Kirhman is now on the board. 


Norbain Interconnect Mr 
Dermot Grace becomes manag- 
ing director. 

CAL Futures: Mr Klaus 
Hebben has been appointed 
chairman. 

Brian Woodhead & Co (East): 
Mr Brian Sexton has been 
appointed regional director. 

Construction Industry Re- 
search and Information Associ- 
ation: Dr Peter Bransby be- 
comes the new director. 

Kluwer Publishing: Mr R X 
Heslop has joined the board as 
marketing director. 


BRITISH TELECOM RADIOPAGING 


SAVES PETROL 


AVES MONEY 


SAVES TIME 


AND COSTS FROM 



• MS INTERNATIONAL:: For 
the hair-year to Oct 26, with figures 
in £000. turnover was 32,116- 
; >29.761), while the pretax profit was 
1,240 (1,511 loss). Earnings per 
share were 4.4p (4.6 loss). Att 
interim dividend of 0_5p (nil) is . 
. being paid on April 7. 
r • 'WHITWORTH FOOD 

- CROUP: For the year to Sept 30, 
with figures in £000, turnover was 
.40,686 (45,011), while the pretax 
i profit was 1,040 (913X Earnings per 
share were 5.7p (S.lp). A final 
dividend of Up {-) is being .paid, 
malting a total of 2p (-), as foregust 
ia lhe prospectus. • . 


Base 
- Lending 
Rates 

ABN Rani! ; 12^6 

Adam 4 Company 12V&% 

BCCI 1214% 

Citibank Savings 12%%. 

Consolidated Qd* 12%%_ 
Continental Trust 12%% 
Co-operative Bank — ^ 1216%. 

C Heart &. Co 

Lloyds Bank — 1215% 

Nat Westminster — 1214% 

RdyaTBaok Scotland 12%% 

TSB — li : 1215%. 

Citibank NA -12%% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. - 


•WESTPOOL INVESTMENT 
TRUST: For lhe half-year to Oct 31 , 
'with figures in £000, gross income 
was 1,955 (1,863), while the pretax 
. profit was 1,796 (1,468). Earnings 
per share were l,26p (0.99p). An 
■ interim dividend of 0.34p (0JWp) is 
being paid on March 8. 

'w JKKSKY ELECTRICITY: For 
the nine months to Sept 29, 
.compared with the previous year, 

. with figures m £000. turnover was 
20^516 (24,242), while the pretax 
profit was 2,466 (2.460)." A final , 
dividend of I Ip (t lp) is being paid, 
making a total Of 1 5p ( 1 Sol 
(BRAHE #OOD GROUP; For the 
half-year so Sept 30, with figures in ■ 
£000, turnover was 3,448 (2,112), 
while the pretax loss was 1,806 
(1,640k An interim dividend of 1.4p 
(lip)isbeingpaid<riiMarch 3. V ‘ 

• NEEDLESS: Hfllsdowa Hold- 
ings says that acceptances of the 
oners for Needier* have; been 
received for ■ 1.820,623 ordinary 
shares (92 percent).' 

• CANNON STREET. INVEST- 
MENTS: The compay is rinsing 

2 miflion (net by * n|® issue of 
4.19 ndHfon ordinary shares at 82p. 
waeft- Terms: one new. share for 
every four ordinary bdd and five 
new every four prefere nce- held- ; 

• CA W WALKER: The company 
is to make a one- for- two .under- 
written rights issue ar 35p a share; to 
raise about £23 million (net). It is 
aUri to boy Multiple. Industries for 5 
million ordinary shares, A farther 
2.14 million shares , may. be issued, 
baaed: on profits; 


• JOHN BEALES: The company 
has acquired Ronald Backhoase. the 
Bradford refr ig era tion business, for 
£50.000. 

• PLESSEY: The company has 
signed a deal . with Grangpr 
Associates, a subsidiary of DSC 
Communications of the US to. 
market fibre optic telephone 
transmission systems in North 
America. The agreement is expected 

. to produce sales of 550 million (£35. 
million) in the first year. . 

• OAKWO0D GROUP: For the 
year to September 30, with figures in 

£000. turnover was J2.798 (13,975), 
while the pretax profit was 204 
(184).. Earnings per share were 7J2p 
<7.9p). A filial dividend of 3p (4Jp) 
is being paid on February 28, 
making, a total of 5p (4.5p). 

0 SGB GROUP: Far the year to 
■ September 28, with fienre* in-iOOO, 
turnover was 189,127 (177,455), 
while the pretax profit was 13,502 
(11.007). Earnings per share were 
I8.4p (18.4pV A final dividend of 
5J2 o (4p) is being paid cn April 7,. 

making a total of 7.5p (6.3p). 

• WIGFALL& For the 28 weeks 
to Oct 12. with figures in £0001 

' turnover was 25,278 (20334), while 
the pretax loss was 539 (loss 487). 
Losses per share were 13p (loss, 
9.4p). 

• DOWTY GROUP: For the half, 
year to Sept 30, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 242,586 (218.655). 
while the pretax profit was 17,749 . 
(20,084). Earnings per share were. 
5.4p (5-8p). Ait interim dividend of 
2.3p (Z2p) is being paid on March 
31: 


• DAVY CORPORATION: For 
the half-year to Sept 30, with figures 
in £000, turnover was 278,026 
(274,646), while tire pretax profit 
was 4,452 (4.333). Earning; per 
share were 3.5p (3.4p). An interim 
dividend of 1.1 p(l.lp) is being paid 
on April 8. 

• ST ANDREW TRUST: For the 
year to Dec 31, 1985, with figures in 
£000, gross revenue was 1,846 
(L843). Earnings per share were 
2.95p (2.57p^ .A final dividend of 
!.9p (1.73p) is being paid on April 
10, making a total of2.9p (2.56p). 

• ELECTRONIC MACHINE: 

For the year to SepL 30, with figures 
in £000, turnover wa 1.931 (1,790), 
while the pretax profit was 30 (50). 
Earnings per share were 1.2p 
(2.17p). A drvident of 0.7p (Q.7p) is 

being paid 

• property AND rever- 
sionary INVSTMENTS: ptc 
company has acquired Union 
Holdings, a private property 
investment group, for £1.4 mflfion 
cash. Union’s rental income exceeds 
£100,000 a year, with a number of 
rignifiwuit immi neut reversions. 

• ELECTRON HOUSE: For the 
half-year to Nov. 30, with figures in 
£000, turnover was 3,288 (2,998). 
while the pretax profit was 239 
(126), Earnings per share were 3.0Sp 
(USp). An interim dividend of 1.4p 
(nil) is being paid on April 4. The 
company is to buy the Pacesetter 
Group, a distributor of electronic 
components: To finance this, 
Electron will make a rights issue to 
raise about £5. IS million (net). 


• A. AND M. GROUP: The 
company is to boy B.BJR.K. for the 
issue of 1129 million new ordinary 
shares. Further sums of up to 
£600,000 may be paid, mainly, 
depending on profits. A. and M. is a 
furniture and equipment hire 
company. BJ3.R.K. is mainly in the 
hiring of film sets and studio 
facilities for the filming of 
comm ercia ls. 

• ABBEY: For the half-year to 
Oct 31, with figures in Irish £000, 
turnover was 31.716 (27,949), while 
the pretax profit was 3,027 (748). 
Farnings per share were 6.45p (nil). 
An interim dividend of 2p (2p) is 
being paid on Feb. 27. 

• SUN LIFE ASSURANCE: the 
company reports another record 
year. In 1985, new annual premium 
income rose by 25 per cent to £58.5 
million, while new single payments 
placed with the group increased 
from £187.3 million to £1933 
miflion. 

• SOUTHERN BUSINESS 
GROUP: For the year to Sept 30, 
with figures in £000. turnover was 
7,024 (6.098), while the pretax profit 
was 1,905 (1,518). Earnings per 
share were 11.4p (9.1p). A final 
dividend of I.7p (I.5p) is befog paid 
on March 6. making a ton] of 2.7p 
(2.25p). 

• JONES STROUD (HOLD- 
INGS): For the half-year to Sept 30. 
with figures in £000, turnover was ; 
20,489 (20310k while the pretax : 
profit was 2,021 (1,542). Earnings 
per share were 12.6p (9.17p), An 
interim dividend of 3p (2.5p) is 
be i ng paid on April 7. 


RADIOPAGING 




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V - 




YOUR OWN BUSINESS 





By Teresa PooFe " r 7'- . 

The Greater London Enterprise itoard 
has won'-.ils first commitment of’ 

■■ financial support from a Conservative-' 
f borough coimcfl. just W weeks before 
ihe abolition of the board's parent, the 
Labour-controlled Greater' London 

ConnriL _ - 

The decision, by. Ealing Borough to - 
back Gleb means that 16 boroughs- 
have agreed to lake joint responsi- 
bility and to invest £100.000 a year; 
each. ■ Tyo- . other Conservative 
boroughs, Wandsworth. and Fulham, 
have been . involved in discussions 
and a further six councils have shown 1 
interest. . . . . 

Gleb was set up in 1 982 to provide 
venture capital and to help create jobs 
in London. Its future or -demise is 
likely to be decided in the next few 
j necks. '. • ' • J ■ *' 

f The supporting boroughs will this 
month tell ' the Department of the . 
Environment that their commitment 
hastwo conditions: 

1 • that the Government releases the 
remaining £8 million, of the- 1985-6 
£20 million GLC budget, which has 
beenfrozai by the department. 

• that the 2p in the. pound' limit on 
rate revenue • Tor industry and 
employment purposes be increased. 

With these conditions' met, inde- 
pendent motors have judged Gleb a 
going concern until March 1988. - - - - 
V In its brief life, Gleb- has come- . 
Sunder intense criticism for some of its - 
investments, especially- ' a ‘ series of : 
disasterous property deals last year, 
but the arguments in favour of 
retaining Gleb appear to be winning - 
through. 

Last month a circular' from the 
Department of the Environment to all 
London boroughs stated, that the 
Environment v Secretary, . Kenneth 
Baker, “hopesr^lhgtras many as;.- 
possible of the boroughs wiil-dmde tiftV 
take up membership' of the bqarcTV 
s ubject to an auditor's report. , 1". - - / -I, 

MR FRIDAY Km%uL 



Battle station: Kevin Ross and Dave Humphrey with nutitarn 



By IanWaddelow ; 
Hidden ' behind London's Angel' tube 
station; is the headquarters. of Quar- 
termasters' "At The . Angel, which 
supplies ntiUtaFia from ihe First 
World War. to 1 the present day.' Its 
warehouse carries just - about every- 
thing - from a Spitfire speedometer to 
Vietnam flak jackets - and business is 
booming. 

What started nine years ago as a 
mail-order venture from the front- 
room of a south' London semi has 
grown into an import-export business 
with a turnover approaching £200,000. 
Collectors; re-enactment gronps (who 
like, to play at soldiers) and ;film 
companies provide the core of revenue, 
although Quartermasters also supply 
personal dress hire.' 

- Its latest task was to find more than 
500 authentic, uniforms for Stanley 
Kubrick's .new' mov^e,. Tall Metal 
Jacket, about Vietnam^, which is being 
filmed hi the steaming jungles of 
south-east London: Quartermasters, 
has supplied military costumes for 
The Killing fields, Merry Christmas, 
Mr Lawrence and the television series 
We'll Meet Again. . - 

From -his office "bunker", Dave 
Humphrey - partner in. Quartermas- 
ters with- Kevin Ross - is quick- to 
counter arguments -that dealing jur war 
is tet left alone. He is ad»wtan» that 
boffi^'TcoBwSors and re-enactment 
groups have** purely healthy interest 
based on ■* (desire - tor witness “firing 
.history**. .*!:_• 


Goods are becoming more scarce as 
time goes by, bat Quartermasters is 
still uncovering items in America and 
western Europe where there' is a larger 
interest in all things military than 
here in Britain. For instance, there are 
more than a dozen stores like 
Quartermasters <n Brussels alone. 

Scarce merchandise and the diffi- 
culty in predicting supply and demand 
create cash- flow problems. When 250 
pairs, of Second -World War US pilot's 
gloves are located, they most be 
bought because there may never be 
another chance. 

“We must also carry a large stock- 
holding," explains. Mr Humphrey. “If 
a film unit requests 200 full uniforms 
for a shoot, we want to be able to fulfil 
- the order." Quartermasters, has had to 
take_ loans at 4Yj per cent above base 
: lending rate just to ensure it carries 
the folk specialist range of goods. 

There are other; problems. The 
company carries out monthly sorties 
to the Continent to find merchandise. 
Driving die truck, Mr Humphrey has 
had to sit m the cab for more than 
eight hoars waiting for Customs to 
complete their formalities. - 

Once through, it is back to high 
rent and rates from Islington council 
for a warehouse with poor amenities. 
But in die end it .is worth it. Last 
financial year they made a profit of 
£40,<KHh -r ; s . 

'■ • Contact Quartermasters At" The 
1 Angel. 3 'Torrens Street, 'London 'ECJ 
■ (telephone: 01-278 9760). \ 



BRIEFING 


• . . j.;* , .• • TT^ . . . 

■ Thoj tnsatotp ol Directors has launched^ 
a ptiot anti-red-tape hot line for its - 
member in the west of England and 
Greater Manchester. During, January and 
February, businesses with red-tape 
problems can-call the Members’ 
information Advisory Service on 01 -B39.. 

1 233. tf-the difficulty is identified as a rad-, : 
tape snad-iip, the toD's 10-strong policy 
unitwHI take it up with the relevant 

^he^art^t^ahamMather, saStfc 10 ^ 
"Wei be using our knowledge about htfr'-: 
to get throughoureaucraBc systems," y~ 
The ioD wants to identify cases in which ’ A. 
tpabureaperatte system .a ppears fovJ.. 

. 4 ^y _ . . -S^StSauILSIwifl caHedFoxanipfes of : 

TSo ypn drove 64! mues tinongh floods, . uhhecesags^ red tapfrfor Lord Young's J . 
blizzards and storms? You're still lflh .- EntarprlgB^agd Deregulation Unit's! the *'• 
minutes late?* ' Departmeritof Em^osment, -which is due ' ; 


to publish a further White Paper this 
summer on reducing the'bureaucratic 
. demands pn small businesses. After the 
■ pitot schbtptti the toD wfl| decide in March 
whetherto extend the service to all 
members. 


The Manpower! 

id El .4 mfllkxi on advertising to 


_ Services Commission 

is to spend 

attract applicants for the Enterprise 
AHowanca Scheme (EAS), which 
promotes business start-ups. From April 
the number of EAS pteces wilt increase to 
. 80,000 with a budget of £1 40 mllBon. up 
from E109miffipn m 1 985-86. Figures 
published this weak show that 61 percent 
of those who received the ! £40-a-week 
allowance far the fuJ! yaarare stiti trading 
two yearstotar. Of the 120,000 
busrnessesatarted underthe scheme! 35 
per cent.^rere in the services sector; 16 ~ 
per cent In constuctton, 13 pm cent in 
manufacturing, and the rest in other 
areas. ”■ ' 





. D1STHIBDTORS 
•: •, • , + V. AND AGENTS 

1 ; ' f ’ ; " : 


• 1S86 - THE ACE &F - ■ 

PORT ABLE COMMUNICATIONS 


Nawpmdud/conoapi 

NNtonul arivarfWng 

back-up • - 


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Telephone: G & BIMTERIfoTIOMAL LTD, 

Inder Bl-f 93 0319 (Hr A BUttlJ 
Mmachester 061 720 71 03 (Mr L Berber) Aufever 
8264 7B3 43 <lfr R Atktasoe) . . 


LOCK 


. AMBITIOUS . 
AGENTS WANTHT:: 

■t in afl anas oC Pm UK by Bcarttad 

Raid fwma Company on tba^Coata 

Dal Sol, to pamdpott.ln.pnpariy 

tUaa. Excalsttconwtoriona.. - 

CASTLE PROPERTY .: 5 
■ • CONSULTANTS - , . 

Box 2478 L,Tbt Times 


OMMFUTEBS 


THE TIMES 

Toadvertacyourcjr.hofid^homecmprojBertyforsakbi^ 

The Times Classified , fill in your adveriiscnwiir m ibespacc 
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HEREFORDSHIRE 
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PROPERTY 
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receimly modernised, all 
excellent condition, income 
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Phone 0568 2230 


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Glazing photographs onto-plates 

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SPORT 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


RUGBY UNION 


Brain aliays anxiety over 
his ankle and is back 
at the head of the pack 


By David Hands, Rngby Correspondent 

Steve Brain brought relief to with Brain's replacement, Alan However, Melville empha- 
the England selectors when he Simmons (Wasps). sized the importance of success 

was able to join his colleagues It was a sharp session in a for both sides in their first 
in training yesterday for lomor- sharp, bright atmosphere, giving outing. A win builds confi- 
row’s opening five-nations the players, particularly the dence, defeat suggests change: 
championship match against back row. the chance to make “If we can entertain the crowd 
Wales at Twickenham. The last-minute adjustments to their we will but we need to win 
Coventry hooker damaged his game. The forwards had an firsi.” he said. “1 never see 
left ankle in last Saturday's extra work-out in the evening, Wales as the underdogs against 
training session, but after concentrating on their scrum- England, whatever the betting 
undergoing a thorough fitness raaging against the Harlequins’ men^ say. The record shows 
test devised by Don Gatherer, pack at the Stoop Memorial that” 

the England physiotherapist be Ground. The final outing is this Colclo ugh, in his first season 
joined the other players midway morning, again at St Mary's. . . .. 


wjues at Lwickenham. The lasi-m mute adjustments to tneir 
Coventry hooker damaged his game. The forwards had an 
left ankle in last Saturday's extra work-out in the evening, 
training session, but after concenlraung on their scrum- 
undergoing a thorough fitness maging against the Harlequins' 





£ orouna.ineunaiouucB.5uua Colclough, in his firet season 

joined the other players midway morning, again at St Mary s. Swansea, has been able to 

through the afternoon at St England's coaches. Martin offer valuable details of mem- 
Mary s College, Strawberry Hill Green and Brian Ashton, aim to bers of the Welsh side narticu- 
Praismg the revised arrange- pass control of the preparation i^iy Robert Jones, the new 
ments that have preceded this io this final phase to the players, scrum half, who is Colclough's 
match, Nigel Melville. Eng- so that today's training will club colleague The squad 
land s eaptam, commented that essentially be in the hands of members from Bath, who have 
“ Bnun h “ d acquired his injury- Melville, Brain (the pack leader) frequent playing contact with 
on one of the heavy Monday and the other senior playere. Wc]sh clubSt have a rid ffl their 
training nights at Stourbridge - “We have a group of very views, 
which used to be the pattern of talented individuals, and we 

England's training before an have worked to bring them “With the talent we have in 
international - he might not together, concentrating on spe- the side, we are able to have a 
have recovered in time. So cibc details,” Ashton, coach to number of attacking options,” 
England ended yesterday’s ses- the backs, said. “I hope they Ashton said. Without disparag- 
sion with three hookers - Andy will show the tightness and ing those who went to New 
Simpson of Sale, called in as a control of the ball in tom or- Zealand last year, we have a far 
supplementary on Wednesday, row's match, so we can develop more talented collection of 
remained for training, along our game.” individuals here.” 

Burden of maul law New boy l 
rests on referee his fan 

By David Hands 

When England and Wales take to ground too. the referee most stop John Devereox. the 19-year-old 
the field at Twickenham tomorrow play immediately. student ’at the South Glamorgan 

there will be a number of interesting Welsh officials, seeking conti- Institute who will play his first 
‘firsts’: for David Pickering, captain- nuity. have allowed play to continue international match for Wales 
ing his country, for two making if the ball is obviously emerging: in tomorrow at Twickenham, is one of 
their debuts for England and three any case the IB referees deliber- a long line of players who have 
for Wales. Most important of all it ations were only circulated by the emerged to prominence from, and 
will be a first for Bob Fordham, the Welsh Rugby Union last week. It hare giren prominence to, that 





SFJ&fs r - . . 

1 < m 

• • y - 


more talented collection of Brain exercises: The England hooker happily back in 
individuals here.” training yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stewart). 

New boy who has hallmarks of 
his famous predecessors 


Australian referee. 


will be up to the 30 players 


Mr Fordham. a 43 year-old tomorrow to interpret the nuances 


national 


manager 


of Mr Fordham *s whistle over the 


pharmaceulical company, has ban- first quarter, but in the hurly-burly 
died some 16 representative games of international rugby players will 
involving touring sides in .Australia, inevitably revert to what they have 
and the I9S3 Canada v United hitherto regarded as standard 
States match, but this is his first practice. 

International Board appointment Technically, that should favour 
after 10 years as a member of England, though there are few 
Australia's' international panel. He nations like the Welsh for adapting 
has a hard row to hoc if he is to quickly to the referee's parameters 
convince a sceptical public that and living happily on those limits. It 
referees from down under abide by has also been suggested that the new 


the same law book as British 
officials. 


maul law leads to tedious play, so 
long as players remain on their feet 


In the three years since Tom and some discernible progress, 
Goocey. of New Zealand, became forward or sideways, is being made, 
the first southern hemisphere Wc may have to live with that 
official to referee a five-nations this season. But where Mr Fordham 
championship match, it has become must be firm is the scrum. In his 
obvious, even to those who have playing days be was a centre of full 
never visited South Africa or back and he will happily apply the 
Australasia, that interpretations offside law so as to give the backs 
differ. In a close match, as more scope. Bui southern betni- 
tomorrow’s may well be. the sphere referees, in my experience, 
difference in approach becomes do not seek out scrum offences in 


critical. 


the same way as their northern 


The situation this season has been counterparts and the experienced 
worsened by the interpretation of Welsh tight forwards will undoubt- 
the new maul law which my cdly seek an advantage at the set 
colleage. Gerald Davies, discussed pieces. 

in these columns last week. Welsh Two Scottish touch judges, Jim 
club players have been playing one Fleming and Ray Mefson. will be on 
interpretation up to the new year, hand but their brief for intervention 


the English another. 


Tests only with incidents of foul 


England's training aL the weekend play. A word or two by Mr Fordham 
was assisted by the presence of early on so that the front rows know 
Roger Quiltenton. the international the 'ground rules' for the game will 
referee: Wales hastily called in Clive not come amiss. 1 am not so 
Noriin when their squad trained on sanguine about that happening, 
Monday, to ensure their players though, judging by the perform- 
knew what was expected of them, ances of referees during England's 
Judging by Mr Fordham’s game at tour to New Zealand last summer. 
Old Deer Park last Saturdav he will where the new scrummage laws 
play the maul law as English and might not have been invented. If the 


Scottish referees understand it. 


rale of law prevails tomorrow we 


He wiQ have been thoroughly may have quite a game, 
briefed on the discussions last. Mr Fordham can then gfo on iro 
month when the five-nations Paris, where he is to handle the 
international panel referees met. F ran ce-Irc land game on February 1, 
The upshot of their deliberations with some satisfaction. He can be 
ran thus: where no collapse occurs, sure that the French, whose game - 
the referee may play advantage if a or rather battle — with Ireland last 
player without the 'ball kneels at a season was bandied by Keny 
maul. But if a player with the ball Fitzgerald, another Australian, will 
and in the centre of the maul kneels, have run his Twickenham perform- 
the referee must stop plav. ancc through the video until their 
Moreover, if the ball carrier puts the eyes are square and any diffidence 
ball on to the ground and then goes will have been noted. 



Fordham: need for firmness in controlling scram 

YACHTING 

French syndicate lends 
Challenge 12 to NZ 

From John Roberson, Perth 


The French Marseilles-based 
syndicate who have been forced to 
withdraw from next month’s world 
championship due to lack of funds, 
agreed yesterday to lend their yacht 
Challenge 12 to the New Zealand- 
ers, free of charge. 

As well as repaying in some small 
port the national debt of the 
Rainbow Warrior, the Greenpeace 
vessel sunk by the agents of the 
French secret service, it is also a 
case of the “David" New Zealand 
outsmarting the "Goliath” United 
States. The Courageous syndicate 
who represent the Yale Corinthian 
Yacht Club from the United States 
have for some days been negotiating 
with the French for charter of their 
yacht for not inconsiderable sums of 
money. However, the Australian tax 
authorities got wind of the 
impending deal and were standing 
by with outstretched hands for their 
share of the sum involved. 

Yesteday, in a simple act of 
friendship between yachtsmen, the 
situation was resolved when the 
fence between the New Zealand and 
Marseilles syndicates compounds 
was removed and the bow line of 
the yacht Challenge 12 was passed 
across the boundary and the yacht 


made fast to the New Zealand dock. 
The New Zealanders, whose two 
yachts are not due to arrive here 
until Sunday, will be able to start 
sailing today. 

Challenge 12 was one of the 
unsuccessful Australian challengers 

for the America’s Cup in 1983 when 
Australia II won the cup from the 
New York Yacht Club who had held 
it for 132 years. John Bertrand, the 
skipper of Australia II when she 
won the cup, believes that Challenge 
12 is as fast as Australia H the New 
Zealanders will therefore, have a 
very good yardstick for the 
performance of their new yachts 
which are the first 12 metres ever to 
be built in fibre glass. 

O CLEVELAND - Harry C : 
Melges Jr wants to bring the 
America's Cup back to the United 
States and he wants the famous 
yachting trophy to come to the 
Great Lakes for the first time (AP 
reports). Melges said he will skipper 
the 1 2 metre yacht Heart of America 
in the races later this year. The 
aluminium-hulled yacht, represent- 
ing the Chicago Yacht Cluh. is being 
bun in Rhode Island. The boat will 
be launched and begin practice races 
in April. • , 


John Devereox. the 19-year-old 
student 'at the South Glamorgan 
Institute who will play his first 
international match for Wales 
tomorrow at Twickenham, is one of 
a long line of players who have 
emerged to prominence from, and 
hare giren prominence to, that 
educational establishment which 
on til 1 976 was the Cardiff College of 
Education. 

If, in recent years they can point 
to Rhodri Lewis, the flanker who 
gained senior international honours, 
and to Geraint John and Kevin 
Hopkins who had their B caps, so 
one can go further back to Gareth 
Edwards and Roy Bergkrs, and 
further still to Clive Rowlands and 
David Nash, all of whom won their 
jerseys for Wales while still at the 
college. 

That it is a rich breeding ground 
for rugby men is a point that 
Leighton Davies, a team physical 
lecturer and coach to the college 
team, is quick to confirm. Four of the 
six coaches who have been in charge 
of the Welsh team received their 
higher education at the college. 
They are David Nash. Clive 
Rowlands, John Lloyd and now 
Tony Gray. The two players not to 
wear the college ties were John 
Dawes (Aberystwyth University and 
Loughborough) and John Be van (St 
Luke's College). 

Devereux is in bis second year of 
his human movement studies and 
physical education course. He is a 
player who had hardly been beard of 
until November when, in Cbe first 
round of the Schweppes Cnp against 
Cardiff, he burst on the scene, in 
dynamic fashion. 

Facing Robert Ackerman, the 
Welsh centre, proved not to be the 
daunting risk ft might have been. 
The students sliced through the 
middle on three or fonr devastating 
occasions. Using his speed, side-step 

Laidlaw fit to 
turn out 
for Scotland 

Scotland's scrum half Roy 
Laidlaw and prop forward Iain 
Milne have been passed fit for 
tomorrow’s international against 
France at Murrayfield. Laidlaw 
missed his dub’s game last weekend 
because of a groin strain, and Milne 
received a neck injury {Haying for 
Harlequins last Saturday. 

Both were put through a 
strenuous three-hour work-out with 
the rest of the team at Murrayfield 
yesterday. Afterwards, the chairman 
of the selectors, Robin Charters, 
said “We have no injury worries 
now. Let’s hope it stays that way”. 

•Queensland have rested most of 
their Australian international play- 
ers for tomorrow's fifth match of 
their tour against Munster 

Only the wing three-quarter Peter 
Grigg who played against Wales and 
Scotland during the all-conquering 
Wallabv tour io 1 984. is selected. 
MUNSTER: T UMlm (Benemfcnsk J Crottv 
OKQ. M Neman (DctpwnL F &aratu 
(Young Murom), M Finn pork Const); R 
Kayes, M Bradley (Cork Corot* J FttzganBd 
(Young Munster). P Derfcam (Cork Const Q 
McLoua M a (Shannon), D LenJhan (Cork 
Const, Cape). M GibaoaJLr Mch), a McMahon 
(Sftsnnen). B SpBsae (Bohem ia n s ). P O'Hara 
(Sundays wen. 

QUEENSLAND: G Marta R Harley. A Hsrtert 
B Mats, P Grigg; T Lana (Capt). R Smith, M 
Crank, M Mctwn. S Phipota. S N^tfavgaM, B 
CompbeB. G Kauai J Honke. T Coker. 


By Gerald Davies 
and power. Devereox had a field 
day. 

“He reminded me." Leighton 
Davies said “of tire days when Roy 
Beigiers was here. Devereox Is 
about the same build and style as 
him. About the same speed too, 
Derereux, being a good gymnast is 
very agile for a big man. At 6ft lin 
and nearly 14st he is physically 
strong and powerful” 



\ 

Devereox: agile for his size 

He was at Ynysawdre comprehen- 
sive school outside Brig end. and it 
was John Lloyd, a former Welsh 
roach, who guided him through 
those years and his strength stems 
from the weight training he did then. 
He was a stand off or full back at 
school but. although in the Welsh 
squad, be never ocntally made it to 
the school team. 

“It was his preference when be 
came to the college to play in the 
centre and. after the first year trial, 
when he impressed we picked him 
for the college team in that 
position,” Davies - an obvious 
admirer - said “But you could see 
that if he was to stay there certain 


thing s had to change. Hairing been 
a dominant player - the Ing boy at 
school syndrome* - he had the 
tendency to want to do things 
himself and to hang on to tire ball 
longer than he should. 

But he has learnt His judgement 
Is now more astnte, his distribution 
better. And nice had though be is 
there is lot of competitive a g gress i on 
in hhu- 1 think he Is ready for the 
kind of thing tfrat n]Q face him on 
Saturday.” 

But isn't there a lade of 
experience of the fully-fledged first 
class matches? “Not if you look at 
our college fixture-list, ” Davies says. 
“We played every one of the first 
class teams In Wales, and beat some 
of them. Maesteg and Newbridge, 
for instance. And we keep dose to 
the other, loo. Losing 13-12 against 
Neath is not a bad score either,” be 
says with abrioos satisfaction. 

“But you know we tend to make 
too big a thing of this in Wales. 
Cambridge and Oxford hare 
produced their talents in the past 
and tire former it seems still do. 
Nobody seems to query tire bifity of 
their students to cope with 
international pressure. Flayers of 
exceptional ability are rare, but 
when they, tarn up it Important to 
recognize it and give Ac man a 
chance. John Devereox has the size, 
he has the abQity. 1 beBeve be has 
the temperament, too. And in the 
end. perhaps, it is the attitude which 
counts.” 

And for John Devereox, at 19, ; 
and for Robert Jones, too, at 20, a 
wonderful rugby time beckons. If 
they are a shade jumpy or nervy they 
need only think of those other 
teenagers of. precocious talent: 
Haydn Tanner and Lewis Joire* 
think too of Gareth Edwards am. 
Keith Jarre tt, and might not that 
make them fed a lot better to be of 
that company who were still in their 
teens when they played for Wales. 


Jones leaves North as 
Australians arrive 

Schools rngby by Michael Stevenson 


Alan Jones, the North of England 
Schools' Coach, has resigned after 
the announcement of the team to 
play the touring Australian Schools. 
He feds strongly that “lack of 
communication, indifferent organi- 
zation and poor selection" have 
made his job almost impossible. 

The final straw was the consti- 
tution of the North’s team. 
Lancashire beat Yorkshire at 18 
Group level but only one Lancas- 
trian is in the side and none of the 
front five, whom he feels have 
been outstanding throughout, was 
selected. 

A talented flanker in his day, 
Jones captained a St Luke's side 
with Geoff Squire, Mike Rafter. 
Neil Bennett, Mike Slemen and 
David Burch er under him, so his 
rugby credentials are exemplary. 

The North selectors may well 
have felt that the two Lancashire 
props, the Smith twins, who are 
within a few days of availability for 
16 Group rugby, were too young for 
selection against the Australian 
juggernauts. Nevertheless, the 
North’s pack looks rather fragile for 
their formidable task at New 
Brighton on Sunday. 

Foddington won comfortably 
against Harrogate GS last Saturday, 

IN BRIEF 


20-3. Harrogate, with -the wind. on 
their backs, opened the scoring 
through a penalty by Richard 
TatersalL, but tries by Mike 
Hutchinson, BOl Balderson, Mat- 
thew Baker and Simon Jackson 
brought a convincing victory. 

Cran brook were well pleased with 
the season past and registered good 
wins against Maidstone GS 34-0. 
Hnrstplerpoint 24-0, Cater ham 20-4 
and King's Rochester 25-10. Their 
overall results read: played 15, won 
eight, lost seven points for 417, 
against 2 19. 

Woodhonse Grove lost only one 
match, their first of the season, to 
Barnard Castle, and achieved 
particularly creditable wins against 
Pockiington, Ashvffie, Harrogate 
GS and Ripon GS. 

NORTH OP ENGLAND SCHOOLS (v Aintn 

Schoatak H Gnfaear - - - 

(Stan Form Cotog*, 

Ptafo. D r aaff i taa 
Underwood (Barnard 
(Safa) ATurtoo (Nonnanton 


(Durham 
NnroN). F 


Aten's, 
Cottage. 

York), SOrlam 
J Rood (Nng 
Wright (Catty Grange, 

„ jatan (Barnard CrottK 

E Rankin (Sxth Fonn CoOtge, Darfington), M 
Homta paty Kendal), R Root* Joans (Xing 


CCPR to investigate amateurism 


SKIING 

Mair makes 
the most 
of a tamed 
course 

Michael Mair, the aggressrre 
Italian who won his first BASF 
World Cup downhill races] 
d’lsdre last month, recorded the 
fastest time in yesterday’s training 
runs for the races on tw 
Hahneokamm mountain ai krtzbfl- 
bd today and tomorrow, while m 

Puy Saint-Vincent Katrin Gntcn- 
sobn, of Australia, took her second 
women's World Cup downhm 
victory in six days (Richaid 
Williams writes^ 

In contrast to last vear’s two races 
at KitzbQheL when mdx finished 
ninth and tenth in icy conditions 
behind the Swiss double victor 
Pirmin Zurbriggen, this week's fresh 
snow and wanner weather have 
reduced the challenge of the 
notoriously tough 3.5 km Strerf 
course. Yesterday Zurbriggeu, who 
suffer e d a knee injury in the final 
stages of the second race last year, 
was pleased with bis tenth fastest 
time, a second behind the Italian. _ 

Peter Wimsberger, of Austria, 
and Peter Mueller, of Switzerland, 
join Mair among die favourites for 
today's race, which replaces the 
event cancelled at Garmisch-Parten- 
ldichen last week, and for tomor- 
row's. which is for the Hahnen- 
kamm trophy. 

Wimsberger has won the last two 
World Cup downhills, at Val 
Gardena and Schladming, after ; 
finishing second in Val dlsdre. j 
Muellers record is perhaps even , 
more impressive: in this season's : 
five races he has finished second on 
three occasions and fourth twice. 
Since Val dTsire, Mair has finished 
sixth at Val Gardena and fourth ax 
Schladming, 

Todd Brooker. of Canada, who 
won the Hahneokamm race three 
years ago, fell badly yesterday and 
was flown to hospital for treatment 
to a swollen knee. He will not take 
part in today's race. 

Miss Gntensohn's victory in Puy 
Saint-Vincent with what she 
described as “a flawless run", took 
her ahead of her Swiss rival, Maria 
WaBiser, in the World Cup downhill 
standings. 

Brigitte Oertlc, of S witzer land, 
and Lauria Graham, of Canada, 
finished second and third yesterday, 
the latter suggesting that a single 
error had cost her the race. Drifting 
mist hindered some of the iacen, 
while the early starters complained 
of being slowed by the fresh snow. 
Miss Wafliscr was eighth while her 
team colleague Michela Figrni, the 
world and Olympic champion, 
maintained her poor form of recent 
weeks by finishing 24th. 

WOMEN'S DOWNHILL RESULT: t. X 
Gutansohn (Austria). 131.17: 2. B Oertfl 
(Swftz). 131 is; 3. L Graham (Can). 131.42: < 

S Eller (Austria), 132. 04; 5. M Marzsia m 
1:3256; 6, M KtaM MGl 132.60; 7. S WoS 
(Austria). 13231; 8, M Wans er (Swim, 


CRICKET j£ 


fails to do the trick 


Colombo (Renter) - An unbroken 
third-wicket stand of 170 between 
Sumithra Warnakulasuriya and 
a an Vs Gurusinghe pm the Sri 
TjwiIhh* Board President's XI in a 
strong position against E nglan d B 
hoe yesterday. After winning the 
toss, the Board XI were 263 for two 
from 94 overs at the dose of the fim 
'day of the threeday game. 

Wanakulasuiiya bad struck, one 
six, a five and 13 fours in an 
unbeaten 91 made.in 240 minutes 
Gurusanghe, who survived an easy 
each to Cook allongfogoffTremku 
when only 10, had hit 14 fours in an 
unbeaten 77. 

England started their attack with 
Lawrence and Cowans, who was 
playing his first game of the tour. 
Alhougb Cowans rapped Wetti- 
muny on the glove, there was no 
help for either man. Barnett soon 
mined to Tremlett's medium pace 
and the left-arm spin of Cook, who 
was to bowl an unchanged spell of 
27 over. • 

Although these two restricted the 
scoring , a wicket seemed unfifcely 
untiL on the stroke of lunch, Barnett 
decided to try his occassional leg 
spin and dismissed de Silva, who 
pulled a short ball to mid-wicket. 


Thq stand between Weaiituutv 
de;Silya had put on -79 -jS 

minutes. 

The afternoon session beteneot 
to the President's Xt w§HS 
batsmen on topand Ibe English 
devoid af Idas.' Wcniauiny, 
hit seven foots in his 57,. war 
can at the bowler's end aftS- the 
striker had foiled to respond to hi! 
caH 

Gttrasinghe then joined Wama. 
kntasuriya and fbc pair, two of ik, 
island’s brightest prospects, staved 
for the remaining 209 . minutes. 
Barnett, leading England in u, c 

absence of Nicholas, tried mj,, 
bowlers in his unsuccessful quests* 

a breakthrough. ■ 

BOARD PHESOEKPSXJ 

■SWMWRinyiw outi • e. 

AWKnatatesufyanGEOut — ' S' 

AGfcusmgtttnatoat - - 

Bdrw0l.J*6.n«Aw3J_r_ZZ!I u 

TOW a «WS) — o__j£3 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-79. 2-43. 

BOWLING: unran, 18-1-SW; Corns, is. 

Cook 31-14-61 -tt Tfwrtstt 
SefaBL WHW Baro«L*<M7-V. a£b£i£ 
t2-0; Stack, 7-0-1 5-0 , ^ 

ENGLAND B: W N Stack, u o Mown, c L 
Smith. D W RondtaL 1C J BwnsB, C W J Attw. 
TS J Rhodes. T M TtaentatL N G.8 Cook, dv 
Lmvnm. N C Cowans. 


England B extend tour 


Amateurism in sport is to be 
investigated by a committee of 
inquiry set up by the Central 
Council of Physical Recreation 
(CCPRL 

The committee will be chaired by 
Charles Palmer, head of the games 
and sports division of the CCPR 
and chairman of the British 
Olympic Association. 

Peter Lawson, general secretary of 
the CCPR, said yesterday: “The 
whole question of payments to top 
sports competitors, particularly in 
so-called amateur sports, is 

shrouded in secrecy and uncer- 
tainty. The governing bodies of 
sport must assert their responsi- 


bilities to their sport as a whole, 

maintain the integrity of their sport 
and yet, within agreed rules, make it 
possible for sporting talent to 
mature.” 

RUGBY LEAGUE: Featberstone 
Rovers have increased their £20,000 
offer for Tony Burke, the Sl Helens 
prop. The St Helens board, who 
were asking £40,000, will discuss the 
new offer today.- 

MOTOR RALLYING: Austin 
Rover return to the Monte Carlo 
Rally after an 18-year absence this 
weekend. They have entered two 
Metro 6R4s, and have Tony Pond 
and Rob Arthur as their No I crew. 
HANDBALL: Tim Robottom, the 

TABLE TENNIS 


British manager, has opted for a 
Mend of youth and experience in his 
squad for next month's world 
championship elimination group in 
Portugal. 

SOUAD: S MeRtwraon (Tryst 77). T Home 
*82)1 A ttxnMephaii (Great Dane), M Hegwty 
(LWvpoof. capt), P Danpacy (Brafdabft, 
katand). P Church (UvorpoaQ. M O’MBvae 
(Ratatte, Norway), B H a ntoon (Salford), C 
OT te a na (Lhrypooq, T Malaria (iWpoof), D 

GOLF: The British Airways team 
championship is aiming for an entry 

-of 1.000 dubs in 1 986. If that target 
is reached the Golf Foundation, 
which aims to develop junior got£ 
will benefit by some £15.000, as 
against the £10,000 of 1985 


Prean responds to open criticism 


Adabodm 

Champary 

Davos 

GiMahytad 

Lsysta 

enns Montana 

M£fTW1 

SaaS'Faa 

St Moritz 

Vertter 

Man 

Wangan 

Zermatt 


70 130 
80 120 
140.210 
50 100 
80 150 
110 180 
110 120 
50 120 
70 70 
210 2S0 
GO 140 
60 100 
70 100 


. - "C 
-Git -3 
Gd -i 
Gd -8 
Gd a 

Gd 0 

Gd -5 
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Gd -S 
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Fr -7 
Gd -2 
Gd -3 
Gd -* 


Carl Prean, who has pulled out of 
the England team for the Cleveland 
Open this weekend, has been 
criticized by the tournament 
organizer, Alan Ransome. 

Prean. the England . No 2, 
requested the withdrawal because of 
his playing schedule and has the 
backing of the England selectors. 
But Ransome. one of the game's 
best known figures, said: “He has 
angered some of the other players 


who are disappointed at the lack of 
opportunities to play him." 

Ransome pointed out that Prean 
has preferred to play in West 
Germany instead of the Halex 
English National League, has 
missed the English Top 12 because 
of a dispute over a hotel room, and 
has yet to play in an open 
tournament m England this season. 

“I’m not dodging anyone,” Prean 
said. “1 just don’t want to play three 


tournaments in dose succession. 
And I win be playing in both the 
Essex Open and the national 
championships, so there will be the 
opportunity to play me then.” 
ENGLAND; (* Japan, OwhafaO, Januwy 17) 
D Dougta> _(8Httwi CoMMdk A Coofca 
A florriH (RHdnak J Gnmfr 



211 Doogt xa, C Prwi 
toGagw, Gotrion. 


CAWHG Otofc Uppar (ura. rgfchte nm», Iqww 

verttari nn 1800ft. m roads sight 
M OW. Mgi r oads ctear. Snow fawW 2Q00fL 
QtEHS HEfe Uppw nro ims comptata - but 
w * lhn **“- Low " 
22??? areas new jams on « 

i tetaroaro ctasr. Sn5w jSSnSBOft^ dBIR 

ww. vflnica runs I000n. nt roans ctaor. 
VWnmscbctanr. Snow tart 18000ft 

runs runs comptata - 
*** *5* ocwsr, non snow on a &m tm, 

tnwertao^ tinjta nuraeiy areas now stow 
2L* flra boss. v Sical mns 700ft. rn roods 
ctaar.M* roads ctaw. Snow tam 200«t“ 


(Austria). 13231; 8, M WaBssr (SwtaL 
13331: 9. U WsUnror (Austrtta. 1310^ loTft 
Monsntadsw (Vt&V. 133.1% 11, Z Haas 
(Swftz}, 133.19; 12. V V itrian (Austria), 
ism- 13. P-A Rstchar (USL 13348; 14.K 
Stott (WG). 13349; 1$, Sav^anl (Can), 
133.55. Mtob mote 43, C Booth, 137-25, 
48. T Grant, 13838. 

WOMEN'S DOWNHILL STAN0M88 (after flm 
races): 1, K Gutanaoftn (Austria), S3 points; 2. 
M WbBmt (Swftz), 80: 3. L oaham (Can. 75; 4. 

WOMEN* OVERALL 9TANDMQ: 1. oqwl M 
WaRasr (9wttz) and E Haaa (Swftz), 152 potas; 
3. V Schneider (Bwftz ), 110; 4, aorta, M KM* 
(WG) and K Gutsneohn (Austria), 99. 

BOBSLEIGHING 

Hoppe ready to 
make up for 
previous failure 

From Chris Moore 
Igls 

Wolfgang Hoppe looks set to 
complete his collection of medals in 
this weekend’s European Cham- 
pionship, two-man competition 
here. 

East Germany’s world and double 
Olympic champion, who just 
missed out on the European title in 
St Moritz last year, had the beating 
of all 39 rivals in yesterday's official 
practice, setting the fastest time on 
bothlaufk 

The Austrian, Ingo Appeh, on his 
home track, was only a hundredth 
of a second behind Hoppe’s first 
time of 55.17sec hot ended up 
0. 1 8sec down over the two runs. 

Nick Phipps of Britain, who has 
been down the Igls track only eight 
times previously in two-man comp- 
etition. is reserving j udgemen t of ms 
own chances until after today's finfd 
two practice runs. “Because this is 
probably the smoothest track on the 
circuit, it’s very difficult, if not 
impossible, to make up for any time 
tori.” Phipps said. 

The first casualty of the 
championships was the Swedish 
brakeman, Rolf Akerstrom, who 
was taken to hospital in Innsbruck 
yesterday with bade injuries after a 
spectacular crash onthe finish curve 

There was also a lucky escape for 
Peter Bragnani and Mark Holden in 
the No 2 British bob after they 
careered through the braking 
surnghl without braking. 

SNOW REPORTS 


The England B tonr to Sri Lanka 
wfll be extended by 12 days, it was 
announced by Lord's yesterday. 

Following the cancellations of the 
visits to Bangladesh and Zimbabwe 
the Test and County Cricket Board 
(TCCB) have been searching for 
extra fixtures. 'Agreement has been 
reached with the Sri Tjratan Board 
to play two extra four-day inters 
national matches. The first will be in 
Colombo (February 26 to 19) and 
the ether, providing the ground can 
be prepared in time, at Galle 
(February 22 to 25). 

Rackemann 

proves 
his worth 

From Ivo Tennant 
Johannesburg 
The more the series progresses, 
the greater the evidence that the 
breakaway Austi n Hans would have 
the beating of tire official team back 
home. Their attack excelled itsdf 
yesterday, when bed fight and a 
High Veldt downpour ended play an 
hour early. South Africa were 
struggling to put together a 
respectable score. 

Rackemann made most of the 
inroads into South Africa’s hatting. 
He was on antibiotics the previous 
day and has a reputation for being 
injury-prone, but his effort was 
wholehearted. He finished the day 
with six for 74. - 

Both Rackemann and Alderman, 
who bowled equally well but with 
less joy, had to bowl long spells 
since Hogg, haying trimmed Cook’s 
bails with a beauty, retired nursing a 
pnfied hamstring. 

South Africa were hauled out of 
die doldrums by an. aztractive 
innings of 72 by McKenzie^ who 
owes his place to McEwan’s 
absence. McKenzie plays mostly off 
the front foot and always gives the 
bowlers a chance. 

He had come in at 69 for fonr 
when there was still some fife in the 
pitch. Rixon had taken a splendid 
diving catch from Pollock’s inside 
edgr. he brought off five c at dies in 
alL They rate him here as highly as 
any wicket-keeper who has toured in 
recent years, and since that inHnriro 
both Knott and David Murray, it is 
high praise. 

SOUTH AFRICA: Ffest taring* 

S J Coc* b Hogg S 

H R Fcttwlngtam H>-w b Alderman 19 

PNKkvtaacrUnonbRackanwn 12 

R G PoSock c RbtoP b RnctamHSnn 19 

•CEBWeacfttaKMrbH a ata mann ^— ^ 9 

K A McK*raJo c Fttxon b Rackemann 72 

-AJKourtacRbconbRackamann 1* 

G Sis Roux not out 17 

IRVitatopcRfacOTbRacfcarrann.-; — 0 

H APagnnot out 9 

Extra* (HJ 7. ivb 1) 8 

Tottam wfcfc) 184 

C JvonZyitabaL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12, 2-31, 3-51, 4-99, 
5-86. 5-155, 7*158. 8-188. 

BOVVUNQ: tedatat Hogg 4-3-G-l; Aktannan 
224-8-54-1; Ru&nim 21-1-74-8; Fnd- 
knar 19-4-46-0. 

AUSTRALIANS; J Dyson. S B Smith, G 
Shtopwd. TC J Hughes. M D Tsytor. G N 
Yaflop, P Fataknar, IS J Root. C G 
Racfcmann. R M Hogg, T M Aktarman. 


Although Pakistan will bare 
arrived in Sri Lanka fora short (oar 
by Che time the second i»«Hi feu 
b e gun , the TCCB have been stable 
to arnnge a triangular tnarnamna. 

Donald Cart; the TCCB Sec- 
retary, said: “We mentioned playing 
Pakistan, bat it was not possible. At 
least we must thank the Sri Lankans 
for giving os two extra games. 1 
would think, after that, the team wffl 
then return home. Although we hare 
not given up hope of fluting them 
more fixtures, the ch an ce s now are 
remote.” . - 

Uninspired 
Australia 
swept aside 

Melbourne (Reuter) - India 1ml 
little trouble brushing aside Anstta- 
lia in the World Series Cup dat- 
night match here on Wednesday, 
winning by eight wickets before a 
record Austndia-lndia - . one-day 
crowd of 52,61 2.. 

Australia managed a total or 161 
off 442 overs in a match reduced 
from 50 overs to 45 because of rain. 
India reached 162 for the loss of 
only two wickets with nearly 10 
overs in had. 

It was an uninspiring effort b- 
Auslralia. Only Steve Waugh, acd 
20, who was nacd man of the maidi 
after his 73 not out, showed aa> 
resistance. At one stage Australia 
were 50 for five, Border being ou: 
first ball to Binny. 

Gavaskar blunted the Australian 
attack with a determined 59 off 100 
balls and Amarnathsaw India borne 
with an unbeaten 58. 

The defeat leaes Australia' still 
leading the tale, one point aheadof 
India. , 

AUSTRALIA 

DC Boot fun out. 32 

G R Martai D« 5 

G R Maahaws ran out- — — If 

*A R Boeder b Binny i 

GMRtehtacMorobShasrt 3 

SRWuQhnotaut — 73 

tWBmltanbSIwwntaautmn T 

CJMcOmnattcAzhantataabStaana-. 12 
D R Gfibon c Shraramakrtshnsn b Srom*. 7 

BARtadcSttttanmbBbtaT . — 4 

SPDavtarOTouL-.i — — • 

ExirMgoB.n-bi.wl), U 

Total (443 ovnra) — 1« 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18; 2-31. 3-31. 4-0. 
M0, MO. 7-1 00. 8-128. 9-Ml.lO-IBf. . 
BOWLING: Kapfl Dav 83-2-2S-1; Staff 
9-1-39-2; Shastri . 9-1-23-1; 9wnt 
s-Q-aa-ftStawa matota fanan 9-V&-1- 

' MHA * 

KSrSikan&i runout .... ~ ■ ■. 

SMGovnkarcPfdB^abitata— — — - 

MAmanwhnotom. » 

MAtatanitaflnnoteuLj — ...» ™ 

Extru9-b5.rHi5.w2) J2 

A Sot. RJ^SSukSMbS 

R M H Stony. Cfaatan -Shtaro «ntt 1 8 
StvaramatottmancHnotMb 
FALL OF VtnCXETS: 1-37, 2-126. 

BOWLING: McDermott *2-1-29-0: taw 
9-3-1 B-ft Reid 9-0-39-1: ffltowt 7-0-4«k 
Wwgtt 3-0-16-0; MktOMWa *r0^1«-a 

• Rve countries will compete for 
the inaugural Australasia C»p id be . 
held in Sharjah from April 10 lo'H 
(Reuter reports). Austraifia and New 
Zealand wfll join India, Pakisas 
and Sri Lanka in the taunuujKnt 



DapOi 

Stale 




tan) 

01 

Weathar 1 


L 

u 

Pot* 


°c 

Avorioz 

BS 

160 




Chamonl 

90 

200 

_ 



Courchcvsl 

140 

180 




FWr* 

110 

140 




L»s Ares 

110 

220 




LAsMenUros 

80 

140 



___ 

Vtacrtstan 

100 

120 


- 

- 

ITALY 







Depth 

State 





of 

Plate 

r 

Bardmcehii 

30 

100 



__ 

Bonrto 

30 

100 

_ 



Cantota 

80 

110 

_ 



Courmsysifl- 

80 

120 



_ . 

LMgno 

80 

110 

_ 



Madignaga 

20 

60 




MKfMkno 

45 

90 




SwzeifOuta 

15 

40 

- 

- 

z 

SWtTZHtLAND 







Depth 

State 




.(on), 

of 

Weather f 


VOLLEYBALL " .J 

Liverpool are punished 

By Robert Pryce . 

As if the Liverpool club did not Uverpool have a fiBb nwrt 
have enough problems, the English difficulty raising a team <ban Qtea 
volleyball Association will fine namesakes in the Cano (t League Of 
them (though the mount has yet to their 10 remaining tflaytas, ttetWK 
oe decided upon), withhold any unemployed and cannot W 
money due from the National make the longer away journcyi^Tbf 

3frT h (the Bank of season's most expenrive' tnp> 10 
Scotiand) and have dedneted two Weymouth and Pbolt*. ; 
points from the total they have Liverpool gained thelt only vioW 
rarned in the mens first division of the season so far - cost ew* 
this season (which leaves them with player £30, which ia/ rathec-tn®* 
no P?'' , . . than a week’s unempiciyiwsit: 

Liverpool are being punished for benefit 

^Jr 118 game at Polonia are less'foan symppstiV" 

Poloma, the National tic “It is diMusting.’' JamoT>tk* 


it is fair enough, 
yesterday. 


Eaves said the EVA has got to take : a 
siand.”- 



fiires:,. 


S';-.. - 
. 

Ji? 1 '''! f ■ 

pr- 

IS'---. 

fe*:V ”- : ‘ 

iv 

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British Gas^ 


V'H' s : 


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- -’s.r . - 


THE.TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


SPORT 


Sports 


r 4lli 



TENNIS 




By Stuut Jones, Football Correspondent 


•‘ x!t 'nd ton, 

' ■ ' • -I '-fit. 

--' • , '^ik 

■ -S' 

■ v-'-.?- 

■ ■= v.’SSji. 

1- n inspire 
Australia 
>'^ept aside 


Sgli ; BjnnS^'s Potion . i, S3E'i6r»Sl W^ver* 

strmgent economy .measures, pf a Milk Cup second round tie Sm.lw~L* ov*r 
tea month when he tootpvesrar on, October 8 ,- they have not X 2d SSSSTiSZSS) 
Birmingham, ; whose ; debts, won a single game. After gaining L.f n „ i-Krtnii 
amount to £ 21 /*, and he insisted only five victories and scoring a triimHdXL 'Sn ft? 


?$**?* ^tytmteahe was able to step later to go , on to win the 
^ sa- into the maiict place: - ■ European Cup. defeating 

■ t ° r a 1116 5? ph *. b T ? 1° ^ B^STMuiuch m Rotterdam 

■HlinHifHH -ter 15 V r SaHI ^ crs m -Saunders, who scored more 

|-. - 1 ^ JSSST 1984 donng his second season X han' 200 goals for Evertoi 

I IfaYlfl Miller 1 iT\ r .*??. h *™jg*tingly -at Bir min g h a m . They were r.HKjwham Pnnmnmh Wat- 
V ^ aTiU ATMMCT ) \ relegated to'the second division. foTSd <S3ton AtbleS, 

• Thn f rnumt i.j »* -r.:-.:. j ? immediately fed them to s tgtf ftrl his. managerial rarfiw.at 

• .7^* m W^ ^ jffi 1 Jusfice on Tuwday. aite a hitter row promotion as the runners-up oijbrcL After resienine. he took 

PopplewelTs committee of in- -with the new diaiyman, Ken behind Oxford United last 

W*7 into safety and control of Wheldon. The dub and Sauna- season hut Keith Coombes, SwriSforfoL a^ttiiMMilto 

J? make official. state- Whddon’s predecessor. refiSd ^pfiSb W73 

two unrelated problems, pm- ments today. . to offer Sanndem any financial nSTrmpmham 

roked by the Bradford fire and F ina nce, or. the. lack of it, ties assistance to strengthen his .' The fallowing v*ar hi* w an _ 
theBinningham riot. The report behind a dedsiott taken- hot squad. * ■ ; <*%£■ nf&Lirfft; 

T™ ^ "Bimmitfiam-s position is ^wSler- 

extmgDBhers than ft wffl to WheWom /onneriy the chair- now precarious. Since beating bS to 

occupy die courts, and .save the man ;-rf Waball, imposed Bristol Rovers in the second leg 197 ? °^ 1977 ^!^ VfiL to 
game of football. . . ’ : strmgent economy .measures, pf a Milk Cup second round tie Mjm r?m nv«- Nn7 

It wfll do nothing to forestall month when he toolrover ar on. October 8; they have not JSf and E^S^r^Stivdv 
suntiar . tragedies to that in Birm ingh a m , ; whose debts won a single game. After gaining ^ore anto^tosT 
Brussels - which, the' inquiry amount to £21/*, and he insisted only five victories and scoring a trimnnh' to 19 *^ bv br^dnn 
was later asked -to take into that no money was available for mere 14 goals in their 25 first t 

account - over which the Home the^transfer o/new players. ; . division .mrte^es so far, they are EruS^tillc that was otherwise 
Office, who published _ the : . J 1 18 the manner’s job to put five points below the safety line. lo jaj* w c^c years. ' 
repot, has no jnrisdictkm. It the team right on the field, ” he The contrast could not be Andrew ■■ Waterhouse - the 
should have more forcefully smd on Wednesday. “It is my greater between, the departure Birmiriphatn secretarv^wnnld 
demanded. Hut the FA -imd : job to save this dub”. Saunders, of Saunders now and the last naTconfirin thmKehh Leo- 
Footbail LeagBe bring .their own -who stated at thfe beginning of time he vacated a managerial nan* the first team coach who 
jurisdiction over sriiat happens ihe.^ntoat ^ffiimingham chair, -In .1982 he feftAston Sved^m\^wifo&^d- 
on the field. firmly into Hne with would be relegated, felt that his ViUa, the first division cham- eri would t * OV er temnnr 
civil law. Pt^dictian would become re- pio^, who were a few. months S y W ° U “^^ OVer ^P 0 " - 

ESsJsffiS Chamberlain breaks Liverpool 

the wiser, a condition which A. * % • a f|A|l 

Albion’s resistance 

Bypeo^s^ the Bridge 

P°^* “ . . . - • o half cleared and Hum was able, with' Liverpool and Chelsea could 

Yet every parent, teacher and westoromwidl 2 bis familiar flair, to float a left- meet three limes ra cup matches 

leader in the land is collectively Sheffield Wednesday.. 3 footed shot to perfection just under within the next seven weeks, 

responsible to help reverse a tbehar. - following ihe Milk Gap semi-final 

moral corruption which emu- England cap Marie Chamberlain Wed n esday then regai ne d iheir Jbgy flrc already due 10 meet 

lates the Romans and ™*de a dramatic entry as substitute, attacking impetus with the dear mtM fourth round of the FA Cup in 


amount to £ 21 /*, and he insisted only five victories and scoring a triumnh' in 1 981 bv br^dnv 

&5 0n 7 WaS r aflabfcfpr >»li in their^&st U^Sil? -dSLJ2»S% 

the transfer of.newjflayers. ... division, tortures so far, they are Fnalishtiile that was orherwiu* 
r Z 1 18 tbe man ag er^s job to put five points below the safety line. 10 last for six vears. ' 
the teamrigfat on the field,” he: The contrast could nbt be SSv -^SShouse, - the 

job to save this dub . Saunders, of Saunders now and the last notcoE thMKrtth t«v. 
who stated at thfe b«mmng of time he vacated a managerial nard.^efiret^iiOTadi who 
the. ^season that Bimunghain chair, - In . 1982 he left Aston ■ iL™ Swito&imd- 
wgul d be relegated, felt that his Villa, the first division cham- er ^ would take over temDor 
Prediction would become re- pioS, who were a few. months Sjy ^ m^Scr 


Chamberlain breaks 
Albion’s resistance 


By p«nms Shaw 

WestBromwidh ^ 

Sheffield Wednesday.^. 


equalizer was always there. Eventu- 
ally a free ltick by Stath&m was only 
half cleared and Ham was able, with 


: Liverpool 
tied to 
the Bridge 

Liverpool and Chelsea coul 


Greeks. The most distressing “ 

,v_ Sheffield Wednesday mto the fi 

League dubs failed to reply to u from behind in the third r 
request for ground and crowd replay, , but ' Chambedain's. 
information. •• nun me goal came too late font 


westoronmnen 2 bis familiar flair, to float a left- me ^ 1 three limes in cup matches 

Sheffield Wednesday.. 3 fooled shot to perfection just under within the next seven weeks, 

■ ■ '■■ ■ ■ the bar. • •• following the Milk ■ Gup semi-final 

England cap. Marie Chamberlain Wednesday then regained their draw. They are already due 10 meet 
made a dramatic entry as substitute attacking impetus- with the dear in the fourth round of the FA Cup in 
ninf minutes from time to bead indication that it had never been far 19 (fays' time, in- a match 10 be 
Shft PfWd n MtAny mm thi- Omrtti away. Morris crossed, and Chap- televised l ive, now they could meet 
round of the FA Cup last night- man duly headedm. • na two-legged Milk Cup semi- final . 

Albion had fought ..bade twice Albion were forced to regroup. ®° 1 ^ 10 WU *J lh “ r 



Fierce pace set by 
Sutton and Tway 

From John Ballantme, Palm Springs, California 


Hal Sutton, the PGA champion 
and Tournament Players* title 
holder of 1983 when be led the 
money list and Bob Tway, a tittle 
known , but determined man from 
Oklahoma, set a fierce pace at 
Bermuda Dunes in the first round of 

the Bob Hope Chrysler Classic. 
Each had a score of 63. 

Bright sunshine followed over- 
night rain and left the greens of the 
four desert courses easy targets for 
the lop professionals, who produced 
birdies out of their bags as if they 
were illusionists. 

Americans in general had a rare 
old time and there were some 
unexpected and unusual names 
among the leaders. Like many of the 
best players here Tway is a former 
college star, 6ft 4in. 1 3st graduate of 
Oklahoma State, who three times 
played in all-American teams. He 
finished 45th on the money list last 
year with a total of $164,000, his 
best effort being runner-up in the 
Quad Cities Open. 

Jeff Slum an, who shared third 
place with Paul Azjnger and Larry 
Mize, is a New Yorker who learnt 
his golf at Florida University where 
he graduated in finance. He stands 
only 5fi 7 in and weighs less than 
lOst. hut he is a compact hitter and 
a fine putter in the Larry Nelson 
mould. Azinger is another East 
Coast resident who attended school 
in Florida. 

Another player who will be 
unfamiliar is Gene Sauers, who 
scored 67. He is from Georgia and 
has been on the lour for only one 
season. Last year his best finish was 
fourth in the Buick Open. Like the 
others, he may not last the pace here 
but has a good future. 

The leading European was 
Bernhard Langer, who tailed away 


for a hard-won .70 at Indian Wells, 
generally considered the ca.d«? of 
the four courses. Sandy Lyle's 
indifferent putting continued un- 
fortunately at La Quinta where he 
boled only a couple of 10-footers in 
an otherwise flawless exhibition of 
long putting. He bad a round of 71. 

Peter Oosterhuis. who enjoys the 
advantage of being able to have an 
early breakfast each day at his home 
five miles away, quickly moved to 
one under par at Indian Wells but 
faded on the ret urn nine to take 73. 

Greg Normanm who enjoyed 
great success in Europe before 
putting down his roots in Orlando, 
Florida, dropped a stroke at the 1 7th 
at La Quinta, to fall back to 68 but 
he may yet be a menace. 



St Cloud line-up 

Patricia Johnson, who plays at 
Pvle and Kenfig in South Wales, 
heads the England under-21 team in 
the Vilmorin Cup amateur cham- 
pionship at Si Cloud, France, on 
March 26 and 27. 

The side will be captained by Pat 
Smillie, from Leeds, a current 
member of the fun England team. 
Hilary Kaye, of Harprnden. has 
been named England captain for the 
European junior team champion- 
ship and the home internal ionals, 
while Jane Rhodes (West Bowling) 
captains the England girls' team. 

UNDER -21 TEAM; C-M Hafl (Westwtiope). P 
Johnson (Py+a and Kan&g), S Moorcraft 
(Thomdon Puli). E Shapeott (Knowia). 
R a aawM c L S Lows (Bnaostone). L. Pwetal 


Campaign to cost £1.5m 


in a two-legged Milk Cup semi-final. 
Both clubs have still to win their 


from, behind in ' the. third round when Bennett was unable to return Quarter-final ties. Chelsea must win 


replay, . but Chambedain’s. 87th for the second hal£ 
mrnnte goal came too fate for Them. Owen. Thompson 
There was an ominous, sharpness defence, with 
about Wednesday as they set about Hunt in midfield. 


bade into the action. There was a 


Diverse threats of SSJSttftBfBfftfa jnHSSwii*.. 
fire and violence . ESt&Z? 

Marwood penalty after. 10 minutes, brief threat of troublewhen Steriand 
Of the 15 matin recommen- and after Hunt had equalized in the "d Statfaam were cautioned for a 
datioos, only five concent — f iiw y 38th mimm, tbe alert. Chapman touch line skirmish. However, when 
from hmnan violence as opposed b^^ded them ahead again two order was restored, -it was Albion 
to structural failure. It minutes before the breaL • who pushed forward, 

perhaps unreasonable to have . _ ™* r y°? d '* " hisde ^ oth ™ a -r^S 


for the second hal£ giving way to Queen* *»** Rangers and 
Owen. Thompson dropped hack ^vcrpool must beat Ipswich .at 
into defence, with Owen joining Anfield. Eight dubs, in fact, wen 


into tbe semi- final draw after the all 


touch line skirmish. However, when 
order was restored, -it was Albion 
who pushed forward. 

In a feverish surge into a packed 
Wednesday penalty area, Thomas 


Cup ties had priori ty. 

Asron Villa, who beat Ports- 
mouth .in an FA Cup replay on 
Monday evening, could play them 
again in the MflE Cdp if Villa beat 
Arsenal . and Portsmouth defeat 
Oxford. Portsmouth drew their best 


Hitting back: Gilbert on his way to victory yesterday 


McEnroe loses his 
way in Garden 

From Richard Evans, New York 


John. McEnroe was beaten 5-7, 
6-4. 6-1 by Brad Gilbert, an 
American ranked 1 8th in the world, 
in the first round of the Nabisco 
Masters at Madison Square Garden 


2 f ■ se ? soa , { ??:? 00 because he was nm fit either 


Metal, D Button. B Hunt, M Bwwwtt, A 
Rabwtson. A Thompson. I VamB, G Ratty, M 


aEKESSS &*&&&£ 

problems but the fact is that headerbv ThomOTO^Wet^sdav’s Hodge.- ffwn they beat 1-0 at the third McEnroe was a yard slower than 

however ghastly a stadium fire, former Albion player. But then £51 TaSm. b’hSl m b£m!l a semwwals! Aston vfeorAnmi vOrfort ^J^i!Sft2todK5i.22 

it is a rare ocarrence compared Wednesday, surpririugly, decided to KSStw. GtaS u g Portsmout h: Z?L. R ^SS*^ a ‘ U e - and . aga ^ n ^ backhand 

with the persistent riofeoceTiiOt rit on_&^l^ Uead of t&httnBASSmJiwi* he ^ ^ 

jnrt ™i?° rt,aI1 ’ WhiCl1 <fis ^ nres T •aly Birtles ccpcS to be ruled the first time bis' self- 

onrsodety. ,0-- out oTNotonghaiqs Fprwt's-mau*- criticism in front of a paduxLpress 

The report advocates exten- at Mandiester United. ■ Brnles gallery afterwards was merciless. “I 

»»n of ae Safety of Smrta 55 *»»» Sid? a fool ou, .of. vSt m 

Grounds Act to covttTaH wL ^ ^ * • Osvaldo AidD« wffl go mto nesda>^ frientHy against the Dutch Australia because i should never 

sfnrirnTti« Jii aU • «nnrtvt hnldino ■ . , . ' . , hospital today for a hernia dub PSV Ei n dh oven. The Forest have gone down there considering 

QVATinoAfl iSt . . Hupt » operation. Tottenham Hotspur defender, Bryn Gunn is joining the mental state I was in. and I had 

*° bujn dl ? u ^ 3 ^“bie*d»^* b vc hoped that Arrffles would be able to Walsall on loan for two months and no business being on-a tennis court 

certificates for any stadium or man- back tine, and the hint of an play in tbe FA Onp fourth round the move may become permanent. lonicbt the wav I was ulavinE." 


or Portsmoutt; Quean's Park Rangers 0 i 
Ctosee v Ljvcrpoa) or Ipswich. Feat tea: 
February if w li Second lag: March 4 or 5. 

• Gary Birtles expects to be ruled 


physically or mentally to compete at 
this level of tennis. 

McEnroe was a yard slower than 
usual. He was.faie on is volleys and 
time and again be netted backhand 
service returns as he tried to take the 
ball early. 

Not for the first time bis sdf- 


„■ a j ... ~ suict u» iwu wiKuaiaiKiniuu uui 

sion of the Safety of Sports Owen bad been relegated to the 
Grounds Act to cover :«u bench. 

stadiums 4n aU sports hoWing . Hunt’s persistence enabled Al- 
over 10,000 and to require fire bion to disturb Wednesday’s five 
certificates for any stadium or man back tine, and the hint of an 
indoor hall sccoramodatiiig . • . . 


strained a hamstring during Wed- 
nesday’s friendly against the Dutch 
dub PSV Eindhoven. The Forest 
defender, Btyn Gunn is joining' 
Walsall on loan for two months and 
the move may become permanent. 


made a fool oui .of. myself in 
Australia because I should never 
have gone down there considering 
the mental state I was in. and I had 
no business being on-a tennis court 
tonight the way I was playing.” 


more than 500. This is common 
sense in an area . where laxity 
had allowed safety to become 
taken for granted until 56 died 
horrifically at Bradford. In dus 
respect the report is admirable. 

The provisions- for reducing, 


Threat of split Chaos at Milan makes 
&otohduL England pair doubtful 

Scotland's' -premier, division By Smart Jones 


“I was ready to lake it this time" 
said the tall, extrovert Californian. 
“My elder brother Barry, who had 
helped me throughout my career, 
scouted McEnroe during the 
exhibition matches in Atlanta last 
week and gave me some useful 
hints. He kept at me before the 
match, too, insisting that this was 
my big chance to beat him." 

Gilbert started to come to terms 
with his volatile temperament 
during 1985. winning three of the 
smaller tournaments on the grand 
prix tour, and this success may well 
give him the confidence to go 
higher. 

Tim Mayotte, another American 
who could continue to improve in 
1986. also excelled, beating Yannick 
Noah of France in straight sets. 
Unlike McEnroe, Noah bad tried to : 


The Sports Connell and the Milk 
Marketing Board hare joined forces 
to mount a £1.5 million campaign to 
increase participation in sport. The 
scheme which was announced 
yesterday will be launched in May 
1987. 

Entitled “What’s Your Sport", 
the campaign will build on the 
Sports Coundl‘6 long-standing 
programme but wfll include, for the 
first time, the use of television 
advertising throughout the United 
Kingdom. 

The Milk Marketing Board are 
patting £1.5 million Into the 
campaign orer a two year period. Its 
centrepiece will be television 
advertising backed by an infor- 

BOXING I 


mation network which will enable 
anyone who is interested in a 
particular sport to obtain basic 
information about it and where 
facilities exist. 

John Smith, the Sports CoundTs 
chairman, said: “We are delighted 
that the Milk Marketing Board has 
Joined us as co-sponsor of the 
campaign. 

“We are a nation of sports 
enthusiasts but, for many of ns, the 
closest we get to sport is the 
armchair in front of the television 
set. The purpose of the “What's 
Your Sport" campaign is to get 
people out the archair and into 
spoil. 

RUGBY LEAGUE 


Tubbs faces Terms are 
a risky agreed on 
challenge Whitfield 


T TrtTilfA u;* r AvfM U r lUMkM uitu 1U 

prepare himself seriously for the 
° Master* as he regards New York as 

Australian # Open last December, his new home. He has an interest 


STT- “ft? S* 5f fir a? bw foe 

hift OiltJrt k** hc SerVed U P for lenni » 
Koojong- He ined, but Gilbert Hienw at the Garden wnulri nm 


dienIS 3t UlC GSU * W ""^d HOI 

simply Eotbeuartond better and in havc j,,- m many Michclin 


crowd violence are welcome so ‘rebels’ could be on foe brink of 1 Ray- W ilkins and Mark JBateky h to offer Platini, foe European 
for as they go. It is rec*- winning tbeir fight for an adminis- are still not sure whether they wOl footballer of the year with JuventBs. 
otnmended that the nolice trativc shake-up wifoout the need to be able to join the England team to a force-year contract linked to 
- r TV~~; break away. This follows another play Egypt m Cairo on January 29. appearaces on channel five, 
snoma nave sraag ory nmemereo League . mana g em ent . The chances of both of them being ' Until foe battle for control at AC 

right of scare* m shjwdc commj^cc meeting yesterday. The released havc been lost amid the Milan ill resolved, which Lo Verde 
filtering i fowBll groniMl; .But nine .rebel -dubs arc lo meet the- utter confusion that is enrol ring hopes will ha ppe n within a fortnight, 
there should be a new offence of management committee, probably their Italian dub, AC MBan. tbe fate of Wukins and Haieley is 


ye end ite lMing lM .-in phy Uk, Hit mud. more 

McEnroe much as be pleased. jU ^ labies at my own 

McEnroe had had four break restaurant," Noah said. 


points at various stages in foe 


RESULTS: Hret ran* A Jauyd (S 


the fate of 


disorderly coadod at a sports I within a few days. 


sell -confidence against a man hc 
had never beaten might have 
resurfaced. For despite bis frequent 


MTSmtof 
inroe (US) 1 


The balance 


ground; and that power of arrest • The on-irfFtransferofthe Dwish ^ b yJKe resist- eJ Sf ent dko T? a i >is ? tion 

should be widened, for example international fen-heck John Sive- of their preshlest Clnseupe *!* ^ nof 9 1 ? ,r 2“ 


- resunacca. rur ucspiic uis ncqucm 

Lkely to remain equally undeoded. there had been plenty of r elgStC CuOSeil 

Snch hz thft fUTTfut disomiiixfltum M 


permissible evidence. 

The report advocates that 
alcohol restrictions recently 
imposed - should be relaxed for 
executive boxes, which is not to 
create one law for the toffs and 
another for the terraces, but is 
admission of important and 
unprovocative sources ^ of rev- 
etme. However, on the introduo- 


finaDy be completed today. Sive- -am, nu. wage*. - 

back’s £300,000 move from Vejle to afford to nav Nardi Tbe odds are that they will be 

Old Trafford should have gone required to play in foe Italian Cup 

through at for end of lasr year* but to have Farina s shares a aeemA 

United pufled out when medical side, on January 29. A dub 

checks revealed that the player had Bonn# Lo Verde has become foe spokesman said yesterday that “we 

a pelvic injury and a suspected heart new, and 20th, president of AC most field.- foe best eleven" and he 
murmur. Since then, however, fresh . MBan . but, at the age of 71, be emphasized that foreign inter- 

medical evidence has given 24-year- ad mits that he h ho more than a nationals playing in Italy need not 


weekly wages. - 

Tbe odds are tint they wifi be 


££?•“* ,£ ew , I orkcr ’ s David Frigate (Essex) has been 

brilliance eariter in foe match. as foe third player for 

But Gilbert, helped by a loudly- Britain’s tennis team to play in foe 
voiced monologue of sclf-cncoiu- BASF European Cup at Queen's 
agement towards the end, played the Club nest week. He joins Jeremy 
best tennis of his career when it Bates (Surrey) and Nick Fulwood 
mattered. (Derbyshire). 


Frigate (Essex) has been 
as foe third (flayer for 


tie against Empoli, a second division 
ncstereo. side, on January 29. A club 

Rosario Lo Verde has become the spokesman said yesterday that “we 
rw, and 20th, president - of AC most field.- foe best eleven" amt he 
Sian , but, at the age of 71, be emphasize - that foreign inter- 
Imits that he & ho more thin a nationals playing in Itnly need not 


FOR THE RECORD 


old Sivebaeka clean bill of health. temporary head figure. His sue- necessarily 

• The oro[»sedf60.000 transfer of cwsor is expected to be Sflvio fixtures. 
Newcastle United's midfidd player, Berluaconl, the wealthy proprietor of Bobby 1 


s playing in Italy need not _ 
ily be released for friendly 


expected to be Sflvio fixtures. 

the wealthy proprietor of Bobby Bobsoa, who plans to 


don of canl membexsip Gary Mcgson, to Sheffield Wcdne* independent television chan- anno once hte Et^aud squad oa 

schemes, demanded fry tbe day, was delayed yesterday. wlfiae. Mt^y, ^ drarly aeed to ta»w 

PrimeMmister. the report has •'The defender Dylan. Kor. who Fwinn has potKs shares on_ foe 


schemes, demanded fry . 1i» day, was delayed yesterday. • . 

Prime Minister, the report bias I Tbe defender Dylan Kot, who Farina has pet Ids shares on foe 
retreated, recommending partial released by Sheffield. Wednes- market at an inflated price of 50 
remanii, “ . day last, summer, _ has joined milfioa Bra. Bednsconi, who feds 

5Cuemes ~ ~ Pretoria’s South African national that a more reafiatk figure would be 

• • ~ kague dub Arcadia. 15 mflUoa,' is alrrady making 


Law is neglected on 
the playing field 


force of Ins Italian exiles. Frimris, 
suffering from a polled hamstring, 
has been raled out already and may 
also mbs the next scheduled game, 


£* z-ot Boatnst the wao Da * Dcen ™ su uy 

Yet it is not just agamstttie bfien rigiw l on a month’s contra 

traditional resistance of dubs to ^ wojv^hfflnptoo - Wande 

administrative chaise that the yt3tt ^ ay agned Leeds Unit 

committee has stopped short of utility (flayer Roger EM 

what is needed. Football - is a. 

violent sport, often too violent, Tf-nlwr iinCApflAfl 
with an meressmgly aggressive AwAj UilovvUCU 
minority andience. There should Berne fReuter) - The World C 
have been some warning to the holders Italy will. not be seeded 
FA and Football League to take the qualilymg round of foe I* 
more punitive action against EuropeM^tonpitmship. a E 

fialH • P«0 FOOtball UhtOU (UE 

offences ontiie Odd. official said. yesterday. England 

Justice Popplewell points oirt n mmar k were ranked joint 
fo*t -provocative behanonr of and the other five sceded team 
cricketers and tennis players is the seven sections win be Belgi 
just as bad. Equally, bow can an 1984 champions France, 
hrternatmuil rugby player, seen Netherlands, Pmtugsl and^patn 

SSSTiSSSftSt Wediiesday’s-resBl 

cirt aua not few crimfoal acoou, 

Should FIFA be sued for 

negligence fax lack. of control in swn»H raaSB? owtsmt can 
foe 1982 WqrMLCup, for fafling- tourawpaa.-L IV.. I 


Icamie dub Arcadia. 15 mflUou, is already makin g ™F ” XT 

• Billy Ronson. foe midfield adveutaroui. plaits for the future. He “ “ r ” 1 0,1 Febrnaiy 26 
player, is returning to Blackpool, the 

dub who soldhSai to'Ctadiff for tat ■*■^7' i 

miSaVr'CJSs New Wycombe mans 


Mtsai J sjsjs New Wycombe manager 

been signed on a month’s contract. • . . J A_S_L 

jlsp»^W 5 b faces a dauntmg task 

utffity player Roger EK Non-Leagne football by Paul Newman. 

Tfnlv IIUCApHa/I Alan Gane, the new manager of which foe player was urawarc. 

lUUj UUavvUCU Wycombe Wanderers, is likdy to Wilson, who was foe Gola League 

TWm> _ The World Cud find foe remaining four months of dub’s second leading goalscorer last 

hnfrS? noTbe 2£*5 season* (temanding test of his season, had resigned from fes job 

S^tol9S ability- Cane, who has succeeded with British Rail in antrapation of 
eSS. *** BenaTtakes oYer a side in foe move. “1 cannot underatand it, 
YUEEA) danger of being relegated fiiom foe because T have nevo- had any 

VauxhaBOpeLLeague. • • John Powell, Kidderminster 

wfflbe /SSSdSgammnising start to Harriers’ leading goalscorar for foe 

season. Wycombe have won last two seasons, has joaned another 

fflt-assfe-ssfe? Ziffuf&isiL'sz 


Denmark were ranked 
and -foe other five'seedi 


, irrr winning -promouon from 

SnTfe Vauxhall-ppeL League. , _ 


foe seveir sections wffl be Belgium, 

, nni c n . w ihe season, wvcomoe nave won last two 

s-as-feSBfc? z&.tJSi-isiL'sz si, 

lincnlta .just seven points; Tteyare now only • Basi 


FROQHT-ROVHI THQrWT! Mortto n jwrooiu 
Lincoln 0*1.S*rthoro»tt«M a^taatom 
MC&OA; Brerttort 0. iiyrtyteray 0; Herrtcrt 
Untod 8. a tom howto re. ^ •: 

soomsH mtt onostcat due 3, 


just seven points; They are now only • Basingstoke ' Town ha parted 
two points dear' of the relegation' company with their manager. Les ~ 
zone and their next league match, in Chappell, the former Reading 
right days’ rime* is away to Enfield, player. QuppeU, who had also been 
foe leaders. Tomorrow they face a coach and caretaker manager at 
difficult FA Trophy second-round Swansea City, joined foe Southern 


foe 1982 WqtrMLCup* feffing. EwiMhcBratavl ■ l “ smK X 10 Crawley Town of the League chib at tbe start of tbe 

10 act mi Schumadjer’s foul? itoniri Southern League. . . - season. The Hampshire dub are 

The Hvil or crimmfl] Easras H a Mawasto 2. kitoraltof VL'.tanod Gane. who played for Wycombe nowbonom of the premier division, 
m «»tai>iR vhnnlil ft to w ! Donctow.1. Jut ^ M ck to ih r n ii^ in foe 1970s, is a qualified FA COfldi to which they were promoted ai the 


appfies to spectators should TteSSwS infoe l970^.isaquamieOFA«»ach to which they were prom 

wim an* SiSiif ■ and has had managcml experience gud of Iasi season. Co 

thev teg-aSJtrioik Oriord iwtad 4 . with Walton and Hershaml He Otappefl’s predeetssor. 
deiBed byteferfeioP, 'i rtDtetnty FMm 2 . s* jndoo ft Wtooni ft returned to Wycombe, two years ago the Water- after a di 

are cOTipetmg. If flus argent as at»stant w-Benct whp<Wd over dub poticy- Gk 

was canrfed to W concIashHu coosidcnibllc success with the. d* ChappeBS assistant, 

manapwe mA ■ mflches ttobm Fsehm ft' BatongstoW i; 1 . Not only did he lead them to appointed caretaker man 

face action for aWing airf - '«*> mrojito: 0 , promotion yai; but he also • Oswestry Town ha vt 

abetting- violeot acts,-wiuci» m BrtmroruMHttvswuS^.^Jtavrt^ ■ -took ttoi mto foe third round. of commercial agreenxmt w 


in foe 1970s, is a qualified- FA coach to which they were promoted ax the 
and has bad managerial experience end of last season. Colin Stoker, 
with Walton and Hershaml He Chappell's predecessor, had left in 
returned to Wycombe, two yean aga the summer- after a disagreement 
as assistant to Bence, wha enjoyed over dub policy. Goff White, 
considerable success with foe. dub. ChappeBS assistant, has been 


Not only did he lead them to appointed caretaker manager. 


' ' _ _ , • • HUi liThl Y~ .■ 

abetting- TUdeat m Bfdrow rtwH >? vs Hujt y L^w tyj 

recxttt years, some have boasted , 

that they do. . \ • •; SSmTSSm cu* ^£«t_ a*« 

lo fopse areas wheavi foe • 

PoppfeitoB report fo concerned igSSwE • 
with violance if afoui ooly at. HBnBcwainr.cws 

-r-A tkaii umItM 1 . ■ I’i ^ 


n promotion last year, but he also 0 Oswestry Town have reached a- a 
V-- . .took them mto foe third- round, of m Tmn wciai agreement with Evcrton |j 
j ™rt the FA Cup this season. ■ ■ believed to be the first of its kind 7, 

1 riiiir Beuce originally resigned Iasi 'between a leading first division dub rt 
month because of work commit- ^ mt from non-League foofoalL ft 
ft .PSV ments outside tm: game, -but' was. Tbe Multipart - League .dub’s M 


persuaded 1 ‘ to ' oh wMe : M mwim 'gi activities will now be 
Wycombe write stfll m foe Gup. H e by Evcrton, who will scud their 


spectators and even fo*» mate* , kaowr aouri< WHavool«TM mwoe: eventually kft aft« ^foe t^drimad first team 10 Victoria Road for a 
no \ rdutotmendation' on foe cuafowiaa, defeat against York J3iy.‘: ha fond-raistug game at foe end of foe 

aBfaaBWOOOftViuiitaiMBmaBiooo month Wycombe .alto .lost .foe. 


offence of obscene abase, 
especially - racial abase. How- 


nptxmuy racrai wmr. . RUGBY UMOWj- . weww . rwtan t ,„h **u% uun ro » wane, who wen: ©eaten . .by 

ever, what happened, at LotOS, OUtB • - • Baldock Town in foe semi-finals of 

BtafaetaBTSdiraBa, ^ : ESjSg^ 1 |'! 5 SaSSlS^ ****r--- -■ . n» h««,. ciuriiy c^. ™. 

somefoiae for which the oattire tftBf^jtromjSwT^^Annyi^awnirai 0 Doncaster' Rovers have: tailed competraop on Wednesday night, 
community most answer.' The. . 4 * a T^.5^.*A«jE • off .the £5,000 naasftr of mi beating Plnon in foe fingL fefotock 

2sSTr.“T'^,t : 5i£J®sSsr - 


month Wycombe .alto ,'lqst -foe. 

services of foor teading. scorer last • ^ ■ , . / 

season,- n>fh " Link, who went to ••*&*«» w h°. wcrc beaten ... by 



Atlanta, (Reuter) - Tony Tubbs, 
the World Boxing Association 
heavyweight champion, will be 
going against usual practice when he 
steps into foe ring today to make his 
first title defence. 

Tubbs is meeting a dangerous 
contender. fellow-American Tim 
Witherspoon, in his scheduled 15- 
round defence of foe title he 
captured last April from American 
Greg Page. “I don’t think any other 
champion would have fought Tim 
Witherspoon for his fust defence," 
Tubbs unbeaten after 22 fights, said. 

Witherspoon, foe former World 
Boxing Council heavyweight title 
holder, agreed. "Tubbs has to be a 
heck of a guy just for fighting me." 
he said. “Tubbs didn't want to fight 
me. but he's the champion and 
that's what fighting is all about. 
T ubbs ain’t ducking nobody." 

The match oners contrasting 
styles. Witherspoon, with a record 
of 23 wins and two defeats is a 
puncher who goes for foe knock-out, 
which has earned him 16 of his 
victories. Tubbs, who possesses 
remarkable quickness for a 1 651 61b 
man. is a counter- pane her who tries 
to win on points. 

Witherspoon, who used to be one 
of Ali’s sparring partners, has 
sparred lightly against Ali in foe past 
week. 

• EDMONTON, (AFP) - Trevor 
Berbick, who is due lo meet Pinklon 
Thomas of the United Stales for foe 
World Boxing Council heavyweight 
tide in ApriL has been stripped of 
bis -Canadian national title because 
he has not defended it in foe 
required time. 

Third meeting 

j Dennis Andries. foe British light 
heavyweight champion from Hack- 
ney, will defend his title against 
Keith Bristol, of Balham, at foe 
Longford Crest hotcL Heathrow, on 
Thursday, February 13. It will be 
the third meeting of foe Guyana- 
born pair. Andries outpointed 
Bristol in August. 1982. to retain foe 
southern area light-heavyweight 
title, and in foe following September 
Andries scored a four-round victory 
to defend the area crown and qualify 
for a attempt at foe British 
championship, which he took from 
Tom Collins, of Leeds, four months 
later. 

Gllbody ready 

Ray Gilbody, tbe British bantam- 
weight champion, will challenge 
Ciro de Leva, foe European title 
holder, in Coscnza, southern Italy 
on Saturday, February 22. The bout 
was put back from January 22 
because of a cut eye suffered by 
Gilbody during his successful 
(defence of foe British crown against 
Ijohn Farrell seven weeks ago. The 
Icut has now healed and Mike 
Barren, Gilbody's manager, said 
jyesterday: “I am confident he can 
become European champion''. 


Wigan have agreed terms with 
Halifax to transfer Colin Whitfield, 
foe utility back, for a fee of £30.000 
i (Keith Macktin writes). Whitfield 
.was foe regular right wing three- 
quarter for Wigan until he recently 
Host his place to Ray Mordt, foe 
.South African. 

: With Shaun Edwards, the Great 
^Britain international, also compet- 
ing for foe right wing place, 
Whitfield's chances of regular first- 
team games had obviously dim- 
nished. Wigan may use the fee to 
bid for Tony Burk& foe St Helens 
forward, who is on the transfer list. 
•Kevin Roberts, foe Ausiraitian 
referee, will lake charge of foe two 
Great Britain v France inter- 
nationals at Avignon on February 
16 and at Wigan on March 1. 

• Paul McDermott, the Shefieild 
Eagles loose forward, has signed for 
Whitehaven for a fee of about 
£7,500. He was Sheffield's leading 
scorer with 21 tries in 35 matches. 

SNOOKER 

Griffiths fights 
way into final 

Ostende. (APJ-Terry Griffiths of 
Wales, defeated Tony Knowles of 
England 5-2 to reach foe final of the 
Belgian Masters tournament here 
yesterday. 

■ Griffiths, ranked eighth in the 
•world, fell behind foe third-ranked 
[Knowles 1-2 before hc found his 
touch with a break of 105 lo square 
the match at 2-2 before a crowd of 
'500. 

It was Griffiths' second upset in 
the four-day tournament after 
beating foe world’s No I, Steve 
Davis, of England, with a similar 
scare in the quarter-finals on 
Tuesday. 

QUAftTEfl FINALS: A Hunta bt D Taylor 5-1. 


Aragon 5-1. Frames: 11-75. 64-55. 60-58. 87- 
15.75-17.57-10. 

SEMI-FINALS; T GrtfflJha M A Knowles 5-2. 
Frame scorns (GnUtths flrttt 40-100, 74-15. 
20-Si. 105-0. 74-24. 126-25, 75-15. 


MOTOR SPORT 

Escalating costs 
must be curbed 

• Keith Collow. the head of Shell 
Motor Sport, last night warned foal 
rapidly escalating costs must be 
■curbed if foe future of four 2nd two 
wheel racing was to be protected. 

Speaking at foe annual presen- 
tation of foe Shell Motor Sport 
Awards. Collow said: ’’It seems to 
me that we are reaching a situation 
at major events where only a small 
number of teams can afford to race 
or have a chance of winning This 
not only reduces foe size of grids 
and subsequently spectator interests 
but also reduces foe number or 
opportunities for our young drivers 
and riders to leant their trade." 


RACKETS 


Brothers in concord 


. The brothers Mark and Paul 
NidboOs justified their third seeding 
by eliminating foe fifth seeds, James 
Male, the amateur tingles cham- 
pion, and Julian Snow, by 9-15, 15- 
16, 15-11, IH 15-12, 15-4 in foe 
Celenion Amateur Doubles quarter- 
, finals at Queen's Cub on Wednes- 
day (Wflfiam Stephens writes). 

Old Radleians Male and Snow 
had defeated foe Malvernian 
brothers in foe Noel Bruce Cup last 
November and began with confi- 
dence, taking an 8-1 lead in foe first 
game. When the NichoIIs brothers 
-Tost foe second from IW3 and 15- 


15 they focused their attack on 
Snow who, although a former Foster 
Cup winner, concentrates on real 
tennis at which he is now the second 
ranked amateur. 

Male was aot able to put the ball 
away as decisively as in singles, and 
foe NichoIIs brothers gained control 
- Paul imposing authority from foe 
service box and Mark striking some 
impressively havey blows m foe 
rallies. 

QUAflTER-tfNAUL- M W Mtfttfll Kid PC 
NktaRs M J S mm and J P Snow 9-15, 15-ia, 
15-11, 15-4. 15-12, 154; W R Boom and RS 
Crawtoy b! P G Swbrook and R H Siam lift 
150. 1W. 15-n. 









SPORT 


■■ THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY* 17 1 986 

RACING: TESTIMONIAL AND FOR A LARK BOUND FOR TRIUMPH HURDLE AFTER LINGFIELD VICTORIES 


Bolands Cross can keep D *™ s P“ ts 
the Gaselee pot boiling Ladder 


Bolands Cross, an impressive 
winner of his only steeplechase 
at Kempton Park an Boxing 
Day, returns the Sunbury track 
and should keep his unbeaten 
record over fences intact in the 


By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 


Peter Scudamore, who rides 
Bolands Cross, can sustain his 
challenge to Simon Sherwood 
for this season’s jockeys title by 
also winningthe WaltonNovices' 
Hurdle on Solar Cloud, whose 


Novices' Handicap Hurdle. 
When he was runner-up to Ten 
Plus at Cheltenham on New 
Year's Day, Saint Acton showed 
improved form. 

The reason for that is he vtas 


his spell 


By John Karter 

Hywel Davies, the man who used 
his remarkable powers of persuasion 
to cajole that reluctant hero, Last 


vu ■ JL — - ; — j iuiuii vu uvuu \.niuu. wuwat iue iE<avu iui u la uc was i, rt 

s S5!!.,?L t £, e r nni ? e W r ces “ r inning for the fim time overs I^NatioatuT^to ■£, 


presence of Clara Mountain, been boosted, in the meantime distance that was .in keeping haranguing cSawtions into ran- 
^goand Faster Still, all of by Misrule at Wolverhampton with his pedigree. His sire, ninglum in the first place) worked 
whom have won a steeplechase and Testimonial at Lingfield Phaeton, was a thorough stayer Welsh wizardry on another equine 
this season and Olympic Prize, ., yesterday. capable of winning the Grand eccentric at lingfield Park yester- 

who has threatened to do so on Solar Cloud, himself, was far Pnx de Paris at Longchamp in . . .... 

more than one occasion, I nap from disgraced under his 1967. So having done so much Davies, who. ".so did the trick 

him with some confidence: penalty in his last race at better over 2<A miles on the 

Along with Berlin. Deep Sandown even though he could most exacting ground at Chel- i a sr'Sason ha im almost li Sralfc 
Impression, Drom Lady and finish only fourth behind El tenham today’s distance of laknw his life in his hands when he 


The Catchpool. Bolands Cross 

is one of a handfiil of novices benefit from the generous looks guaranteed to bring" the 
that the. LJpper Lam bo urn allowance that he will receive best out of Saint Acton, 
trainer Nick Gaselee has done from Mercy Rimell's dual expecially as he will be carrying 
so well with this winter. And winner Bel Course. onlylQst2Ib. 

when a stable is on a crest like Scudamore will also be on At Caiterick there promises 
that it is unvariably worth Graham Thomer's recent to be a keen race between Sam 
following. course and distance winner Wrekin and Misty Spirit for the 

On Boxing Day anyone -Arbitrage in the Ash ford Novices’ Stokes ley Handicap Chase. Sam 
watching Bolands Cross jump Hurdle. But here I prefer both Wrekin's recent efforts behind 
could have been forgiven for Juvcn Light and Timely Star. Hardy Lad at Haydock and 


Galileo and now I take him to three miles around Kempton swung into the saddle on BcJgrove 


looks guaranteed to bring the 
best out of Saint Acton, 


Lad for yesterday's Drawbrii 
Chase. And with the memory of 


expecial ly as he will be carryi ng horac * s ovt ? 52x116 

onlv 1 fkr ->ih course sull fresh ra bis mind, no one 

A. rC.ri^' f. .v could have blamed Davies for 

k P* ttenc k promises filing more than a little apprehen- 


to be a keen race between Sam ave. 

Wrekin and Misty Spirit for the o"n that occasion Bdgrove Lad, 
Stokesley Handicap Chase. Sam who not only belts off in his races as 
Wrekin's recent efforts behind though all the bounds of bell are at 
Hardy Lad at Haydock and his heels, but also has a hair-raising 
Peaty Sandy at Newcastle bore cadency » ytolendy to his 

JLIJS? haUm ? , * s of a 

winner, especiallv over a dis- 0 fl- Q, e chase course, collided with 
tance as tar as this. Yet I am ihe three mile starting gate and then 
loath to desert my old ally jumped through the wing of a 


believing that be had been 
chasing all bis life instead of just 
beginning. He had obviously 
been taught the job well at 
home because he started favour- 


Hardy Lad at Haydock and 


Deciding between the two is tar Peaty Sandy at Newcastle bore 


from easy. Timely Star, from all the hallmarks of a future 


Jenny Pitman’s yard, eventualy winner, especially over a dis- 
ran out a 12 lengths winner at tance as far as this. Yet I am 


Haydock earlier this month 


ite to beat Vodkatini and The after finishing second in both 
Argonaut, both of whom had his previous races while Juven 
won their previous race. Light scored by 15 lengths in his 



There was certainly only one only race in this country at 
here in it at the end. but the Lingfield after spending his 
difference today is the ground, formative days in Frai 
On Boxing Day the times of the he had no little succe 
races suggested that it was much Flat When one realizt 
heavier gog underfoot that the victim at Lingfield i 
official assessment which was other than the recent < 
soft. But today the course winner Battle King 1 
should to perfection. I do not tilt the favour his way. 
think that this will worry Saint Acton, who ha 
Bolands Cross as he is such a second in his last fou 
good mover quite apart from overdue a win. TTiat 
being such an adroit jumper. come in the Roj 


after finishing second in both Misty Spirit, who has won his hurdle. Horse and rider somehow 
his previous races while Juven last two races like an improving escaped with hardly a hair out of 
Light scored by 15 lengths in his horse. place, but when Davies pointed his 

onlv race in this country at Finally. Royal To Do looks £ n F r 10 h* 3 h® 8 * 1 described 
Lingfield after. spending his capable of winning the Labra- £5™? Zl 


Testimonial (left) leading Macroom over the last on his way to a victory in the Keep 
Novices' Hurdle at Lingfield yesterday: (Photograph: Chris Cole) 


place, but when Davies pointed his round the final curcuit, he regained benefit, the Triumph Hurdle at prevailed- over Macroom in the 
finger to his bead and described tie lead and fought off challe nge Cheltenham. However,, the odds of opener, thanks to a typically 


Belgrove Lad as 


complete after challenge to win handsomely. 


h !?f r , handicap 81 he| P but' wonder whether jump ominously in the market and once division of the Keep Novices* last hurdle (which led to a stewards* 

"u-v 10 su cces5 ° n “ e cestcr with only 1 0 stone on his jocko's, in pursuit of their again the bookmakers* bush tele- Hurdle for an event still almost two inquiry). Godfather’s Gift never 
Flat. When one realizes that his back. The weights for this race unbelievably risky profession, graph bad sent out the correct months ahead, were hardly calcu- looked like’ doing bis bit in the 


nutcase” yesterday, you could not The favourite. Buckbe, drifted 


25-1 and 40-1 quoted 'respectively powerful finish from Sherwood and 
agn in si the winners of the two no. thanks to a violent swerve at the 

J- -T - * .r .L. I' XT. I lu) M ■ Mnnn4r* 


Flat When one realizes that his back. The weights for this race 
victim at Lingfield was none have been compressed by the 


other than the recent Chepstow presence at the top of Get Out 
winner Battle King the scales Of My Wav who. good horse in 


unbelievably risky profession, graph bad sent out the correct 
didn't need a little of that quality message. Although she moved up 


themselves. 

To be fair to Belgrove Lad. 


threateningly in the straight Colin 
Brown was soon hard at work and 


tilt the favour his way. his prime, has not run for a long 

Saint Acton, who has finished while. On the other hand Royal 
second in his last four races, is To Do has some useful 


though, he was on his very best Buckbe was a beaten hone when she 
behaviour yesterday. True, he took f e |f a t the last 


over, himself in the 


off way ahead of the rest from die The rest of the day’s sport was 


punters falling over, himself in the - This latter event wem to the 
rush. newcomer. For A Lark, whose 

owner, Robin . Lawson, the export 
John Jenkins, the trainer, and manager for a well known firm of 
imon Sherwood, the. leading tissue manufacturers, admitted to 


Sherwood, 


second in nis lastiour races, is io uo has some useful bul Davies always had him notable for the emergence of two jockey, had been expected to win cleaning up a tidy little sum on his 

overdue a win. That may well performers in his wake at under control and after being lone shots. Testimonial and For A both divisions of the Novices* race, horse. who was backed down from 


Nottingham on December 21. 


under control and after being long shots. Testimonial and For A 
beaded by The Reject halfway Lark, for that annual bookmakers* 


both divisions of the Novices* race, horse. who was backed down, from 
However, while Testimonial just 10-1 to 13-2. 


Wmm^KEl^PTOH -PARK: 




Itlamrtoy pt-^atUi^ rar f2m 41 Nov CO. El. 074, good to soft Dae 16, 15 ran). 


Going: good. 


3.0 EASTER HERO HANDICAP CHASE (£2,875: 2m) (9) 


HANWORTH CONDITIONAL JOCKEYS HANDICAP CHASE 403 130-400 king's jug (O) (Winterbourne Construction) J King 8-11-13 ....P Scudamore 


(£2,427: 3m) (8 runners) 

1D1 pllpOO CASTLE WARDEN 

104 130-022 CO MEMBER ID) 

105 0-240r0 KU. OF SLAKE l 

106 1004330 LODGE’S FORTUNE 

107 pO-OOOO STAR GAZETTE IT S 


M Shone) J Edwards 9-11-10 Murphy aor 

J FVnartg) T Forster 10-1M JMBoasy 407 

(Mrs M Jarvis) A JwtS 10-10-6 KBurtco 

G Lodge) Mrs S Davenport 11-10-0 D Chinn an 

J Roberts 10-0 — M Bowttjy 412 


ffu-000 GRMA (D) (MPndham) 
£0-2132 Sfl-VEH CUFF (D) (BF) 


2f-24pO MEAffiMDGE IP Dutoaee) PDutowe 11-10-0 CWarnm 414 

111320 BURGLARS WALK (A WlfcV&on) Denys Smttti 6-10-0 D Jones 415 

000003 GREY TARQU1N f J Hrldger) J Bndger 14-1 0-0 MCoMt 

1985: Moating abandoned -anow and treat ^ 

6-4 Castle Warden. 5-2 Co Member. 6 HD1 Of Stone. 8 Burglars Walk. 10 Lodga's Fortune. Chet 


6-4 Castle Warden. 5-2 Co Member. 6 HOI Of Sane. 8 Burglars Walk. 10 Lodge s Fortune. Chepstow pm h'c*> ch. £1.870. 9 
FORM: CASTLE WARDEN {1 0-2) 201 GUI la Run And Skip (11*1) « Sandown (3m 51 h'cap ch): last Bank (1 1-10) at Lingfield (&n h'cap 1 
successful 111-12) when beating Mamba raon (10-0) a short head Iwra (3m 5f h'cap ch, £3.118. to Alataho (11-2) at Taunton (2m 3f 
good. Nov 21. 3 ran). CO MEMBER (1 0-8) 201 2nd to Fredwel (10-3) at Wtocartttn (3m If h'cap Ch); 1 * 4 Sth to Landtag Board (11-1) 81 


404 211-123 ROSTRA (D) (BF) (Exors of lata Col A Taylor) R Amiytage 7-1T4) 

Mr M Arniytaga 7 

--E Murphy 406 ffu-000 GRMA (D) (M Pndhem) I Dudgeon 9*1 1-2 M Richards 

-•MBoslay 407 20-2132 stLVERCUFF (D) (BF) (DOFtyim)J Thome 9-10-10 „H Davies 

— KBurtca 408 i03te4) PALATINATE (G Hartigan) G Haragan 8-10-9 3 Sherwood 

411 p4340p- BIRD STREAM <B) (D) (A R,taidak)R Shepherd 10-10-0 — MrsCSmabnan 

412 23-0140 BAUJMA (Mrs M Jackson) DGftesa* 8-10-0 GUoore 

414 24HpO BLACK EARLfAGrelg) I Wardie 9-10-0 — J»Daver 

415 03n0p4 AOMMISTRATOR (R Keen) H O'NefB 9-10-0 SMacCryst8l7 

7-4 Sliver COM, « Rostra, 5 King's Jug. 10 Bird Smam. 12 PaMlnata. 14 Grtma. 1 6 otheis. 
FORM: KINGS JUG (10-11) best anon on seasonal debut whan 81 4th to Trodana (10-0) at 


Monanore’s 
hint for 
National 




mm wzmm. 


From Our Irish 
Correspondent, Dublin 


good to soft. Nov 30. 9 rant ROSTRA (1 0-1 0) Sty 3rd to Left 
ch); last Bank (1 1-10) at UngfleM Qm h'cap ch. E2J89. good. Dec 21 ,B ran). SILVER CUFF (11-2) 2V* 2nd 
£3.118. to Alataho (1 1 -2) at Taunton (2m 3f h'cap cn. £1 .755. soft. Dec 27. 12 ran). PALATINATE (10 ' 
cap ch); 14Vy 5th 10 LartrSng Board (11-1) at Huntingdon (2m 4t h'cap Ch, El .448, good to firm. Not 
Dec 13. rani. ADMINISTRATOR (10-6) V*i 4(h » Gorfunkel (12-7) nFakanham (2m h'cap ch. £947. 


Dec 27. 12 rant 
cn. £2.065. soft. 
7) at Cattarick J 
h'cap ch. E3.I37 
Selection: CO M 


v21.3 ran). CO MEMnER (1 0-5) 201 2nd to Fredwel (10-3) at Wlncanton (3m If h'cap Ch); 1 47jl 5th K. L; 
r (11-5) H 2nd fo Roadster (12-2) at Warwick (3m h'cap ch. El 576. good U SOIL Dec 13. ran). ADM1NISTRA' 

rAR GAZETTE (11-5) 331 5th to Atataho (11-2) at Teuton Qm 3t h'cap ch. £1,755. soft. Dec 20. 8 ran). 

2 rant MEMBRIDQE (10-0) wsD beaten 7th to MacoUvar (10-5) at Wlncanton (3m if h'cap Selection: ROSTRA. 

3. soft Jan 9. 16 ran). BURLARS WALK (10-12) wed beaten Sth to Kunon Sunshine (10- -son WALTON NOVICE HURDLE (4-V-Q- £1 7S5' 2m) (22) 
stick (3ni 1 ( h'cap chL prevtously (10-1) V/ 2nd to Msmberaon (10-6) at Sandown (3m "ALlUN NUVlut MUHLHJS (4-y o. ti .roo. 

E3.13igoodtofimfiov29.4rvi). 501 101 BEL COURSE (D) (JMarston) Mrs MRimri 11-10 


re no-131 
Novl6L8 


101 BB. COURSE (D) (JMarston) Mrs MRimefl 11-10 GMcCourt 

pO BROKEN TACKLE (G Meadows) DOughton 11-O P Double 

Op CLASSIC ANTHONY (Mrs N Pride) MMadgvrick 11-0 A MArigwtck 

COLONEL JAMES (D O'CaBaohan) Mrs SOhtr 11-0 —JSuthem 

00 EVEHY EFFORT (M Klein) RHoidBr 11-0 P Murphy 

0 GAELIC RAMBLER (Lady Hams) A Jams 11-0 T Jarvis 4 

GOLDEN FOX (W Wade) G Enngtit 114) J — R Rowe 

0 HOME COUNTRY (T Richartte) 6 Bsworth 11-0 C Brown 

20 KAMPGLOW(R Doughty) D Thom 11-0 DMurphy4 

Do KAVAKAU Morgan) R Hannon 11-0 M Bastard 

00 SNAKE RlVHI (RBWdey) D NKholson 11-0 R Beggan 

314 SOLAR CLOUD <D) (wi A McEwen) □ Ctahotson 11-0 P Scudamore 

40 SOUTHERN STORM (Mrs M Sevan) B wise 11-0 — RRowai 

30 THE LODGE PRINCE (Quafltalr Hotels) M Run 11-0 IMcLaughfin 

WHITE ROSE (R Jordan) N Henderson 11-0 SSmWiEcdes 

00 WINTER TERM (Barhale Construction) G Tltomer 11-0 H Dsvtes 

0 D1AMI (Mrs S Henby) M EKanshard 10-9 JWI*e 

00 FLOREATFLOREATIP Curtav) GGracey 100 BPowtrt 

0 FORMIDABLE LADY (Mrs R Newton) WWgWmanlM M Harrington 

MRS SAUGA (S Mason) J Bosley 10-9 MBooley4 

0 TAJ SMGH (A WTWnson)D«iys SmBh 10-9 MRlchards 

TRKKALA STAR (D Sparkes) R Voonpuy 10-9 G Moore 

M Bel Course. 7-2 Solar Cloud. 5 White Rose. 8 Home County. 10 Kampgtow. 12 Snaka 


At Gowran Park yesterday 
Monanore. trained near Thuries in 
Co Tipperary by Bill Harney, 
became the first of the Irish Aintree 
Grand National entries to win a 
major prize since the entries closed 
earlier this week when he lifted the 
Goffs Thyestcs Handicap Chase. 






mm 




Kempton selections 

By Mandarin 

1.30 Co Member. 2.0 Juven Light 2.30 BOLANDS CROSS (nap). 3.0 
Rostra. 3.30 Solar Cloud. 4.0 Saint Acton. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 4.0 Royal Harbour. 


~AMAdgwk* 

J Suthom 

P Murphy 

— T Jarvis 4 


2.0 ASHFORD NOVICE HURDLE (£2,035: 2m) (22) 


202 433-201 ARBITRAGE (I 


1 JUVEN LIGHT 
4-001 MERDONMOt 
2-221 TIMELY STAR 


207 00-0102 HOT HANDED 


(M Watson) G Thonwr 6-11-8 — 

(R DBay) R Akahurst 5-11-8 

I (D) U Smith) R Shearer 8-1 1-8 

(B SmBh) Mrs J Pitman 5-11-6 


1 -SWEET OPTIMISI 

-HETTY'S PEARLWraB BurcheW R Harmon 5-11-0 5-2 Bel Course 7-2 Solar Cloud 

0 BLACK SPOT (H O'NsH) H O'Neil 5-1 14J — . — SMcCrvatal7 o ^14 The l^Oob 'PrbxftiloOwt ' 

0 DICK KNIGHT (Wallace Farme Stud) A Bailey 5-11-0 —A Carroll nmer.ia Tneutog«wnci>.i6oiners. 

4224007 FALCONS HEM (F Barton) MMadgwtak 7-11-0 JVMwIawIck FORM: BEL COURSE (11-5) made all u 

M) GUN MAN (J Solos) MTau 5-1 i-O .CSmttn 30»u away 6th (Wolverhampton. 2m ) 

0 HATCHING (E Gadsden) MBIanshard 5-1 1-0 — C Brown autcfaaaad bshmd Thau Your Lot (11- 


(C W Nash) C Nash 5-1 M 

Di (Mia P stem j Chugg 5-11-1 — 
» B Burdwtt) R Hannon 5-11-0 — 


„_P Scudamore 

.GMcCourt 

R Guest7 

___M Pitman 4 
H Davies 


_W Honrohrsys 7 
G Moore 


HRn— 

„C Brown 

□ Murphy 4 

M Bastard 

R Beggan 

..P Scudamore 

R Rowel 

-JMcLeughfin 

SSmflhEcdas 

H oavln 

J While 


1 Hanby) M Bianshard 10-9 J Whk» 

.GREAT (P Curtsy) G Gracay 10-0 BP0we« 

E LADY (Mrs R Newton) WWlghtman 10-fl MHarrtogtoa 

(S Meson) J Bosley 10-9 MBoeley4 


M Richards 

G Moore 


Partnered by Tom Morgan, 
Monanore, who shared favouritism 
at 5-1 with three other runners, 
came to take up the running at the 
third Iasi fence. He was lucky to get 
away with a nasty blunder at the 
next obstacle, which he screwed 
badlv on landing, but once he found 
his feel he remained in control and 
came on to win handily by five 
lengths from another co-favourite 
Boynside. . ... 

The runner-up, representing the 
current, trap of novice chasers, 
made up at least 20 lengths in the 
last mile but never promised' to get 
bn terms with the winner. 


-■ l! ' : 




4-AIi . i ■ is* a# w < i 









HATCHING (E Gadsden) MBtsnshani5-11-0 C Brown outclassed bet 

JASPER pPrwin)F Winter 6-1 1-0 — ^JOuroan (HMO) with IT 

JOLI WASF1 (DNabMlM Haynes 5-11-0 R G Hughes 4th (Kempton. 


00 MOONOAWN (M Bars) □ Bsworth 5-11-0 Arnott4 


RIVER CEBUOG 0 McAJpkw) N Henderson 5-11-0 

THE FROZEN PADRE (REA Bolt Ltd) O Slwrwood 5*11 4) 


) 7101-02 T1MLYN (LadyHanis) A Jarvis 5-1 1-0 T J aryto 4 

j 2 TRAPEZE ARTIST (Mrogroup HokCngs) N Vtaore 5-1 1-0 J Whits 

I Qp-0 TRUE PROPHET Albert PHaww 5-11-0 A Webb 

i 1/000 ZULU DAWN PTnonrosonlK Baflay 8-11-0 ^ — A Jones 

r MY CHARADE (B) (f McCarthy) Mrs B Waring 5-1 M George Knight 

2 Juven Light Timely Star. 4 Tlmfyn, 6 Hot Handed. 7 Trapeze ArthL 8 Arbitrage, 10 Jasper, 


S Smnh Ecdas Cheftanham (2m 
~_S Sherwood Galileo (11-0) 


i HoWngslNVlgore 5-11-0 J Whits 

OP Home 5-11-0 A Webb 

Bofley 6-11-0 A Jones 


FORM: BEL COURSE (11-5) made all when beating La Soir (10-12) 61 with EVERY EFFORT (1G-12) 
30*U away 6th (Wolverhampton, 2m Juv hdld, EM8, good. Dec 27, 11 ran). XAMPQLOW (11-0) 
outetesaad behmd That* Your Lot (1 1-3) at UngfMd; earlier (10-10)10 nroer-up to Sylvan Joker 
(10-10) with THE LODGE PRINCE (10-10) 101 bock to 3rd and SOUTHERN STORM (10-10) 21 away 
4th (Kempton. 2m ruv ixSa. £1,747. good, Nov 21. 22 ran). SNAKE RIVER flO-ld) 244a 10th to 
Miss Magnetism (lb-10) at Towcesten previously (10-ICQ distant 5th to Houston BaSs p0-11] at 
Cheftanham (2m (uv ltdta. £1 .456/good to firm. Oct 23, 7 ran). SOLAR CLOUD (11-4) 3VJ 4th to B 
GaMeo (11-0) wtti HOtE COUNTY (1 1-0) In rear (Sandown, 2m Juv hdhi. £2J 
ran). 


Whits S o le cMo n: SOLAR CLOUD. 


Monanore was contesting his 
28th race over fences and he has a 
50 percent record of finishing in the 
frame. 'This was his second 
successive win this year and he.will 
next go for the Harold Clarice 
Memorial Leopardstown Chase as 
his final pre-Liverpool objective. 




CAR BUYERS’ GUIDE 


FORM: ARBITRAGE (11-7) beat HOT HANOHJ (10-7) a length (Kempton. 2m nov h'cap hcSa, 
E2.180. soft, Dec 27, 10 ran). JUVEN LIGHT (11-0) beat Baffle King (11-0) l» 151 at UngfWd pm 
new hdto. £689. good to soft Dec 7. 21 ran) with JOU WASH (11-0) l4Vif further back In Kh. 
MEROON MONARCH (10-10) 81 winner tram Easby Emblem (ID-10) at Nottingham Cm nov hda, 
0569. good. Doc 21 . 23 ranL TTMELY S TAR (1 1-5) boat Grurvfy Lant 
nov tx&Tn .647. soft. Jan 3. 15 ran). SWEET OPTTMSST (11-0) beat 


602 0/0250 ARDESEE 

603 0-00140 nWUNfKaartaiJM 

605 010801 McGtLLICUDOY (A F 


Haydock (2m 
*(11-0) Wat 


4.0 ROYAL MAIL NOVICE HANDICAP HURDLE (£2,018: 3m) (20) 

G Bradley 
,J( Davies 
J J Quinn 4 

607 /000-04 GILES CROSS (Dr DChesSiay) Dr DCtiesney 7-1 (W„ s ~-.- DrDCheenw 

J5" 608 OpJJI ROYAL HARBOUR (Charles T Puley Ltd) O Sherwood 8-10-8 S Shervraod 

610 0003-0 MOTIVATOR (T Ramaderl) M Ryan 6-10-7 

612 200-1 DO PREACHER'S GEM (G BkMham) K BaOev 7-10-5 
Hddns Ud) R HoBrahaad 4-lOG 
(E Weinstein) A Jarvis 5-10-2 — 


612 200-100 

613 323 

614 302222 




Boynside is a probable for the 
Sun Alliance Cha s e at Cheltenham 
while earlier in the afternoon- we 
saw a likely challenger for the Sun 
Alliance Hurdle as field Conqueror 
ranraoa j retained his unbeaten record over 
“ cCourt * jumps in the Seigeant Murphy 
Hurdle. 





Hnreford f2m nov hefla. £548. pood to soft. Dec 3. 16ran). TlMLYN p1-0)3!2nd to Oppidan [11 -P) 615 03-0300 DONALD DAVIES (Mrs N Twtston-Davioa) N Twlattn-Oaviei 5-10-2 
at Kempton (2m nov hdto. £3391. soft. Dec 26, 13 ran) with MOONDAWN (11-0) 7Bw TRAPEZE P Scudamore 

AKn8T(11-8) 10 2nd to SnowtraH Danny (11-11) at Aacot (2m nov htOe. £2.439. goad to soft, Jan 616 0b00-20 FHIHBIO-KINDeR (B) (Food Brokers LaflPCundel 6-10-1 - — — -AVVebb 


11. 12 ran). 

Selection: TlMLYN. 


2.30 SUNBURY NOVICE CHASE (£2,237: 2m At) (10) 

301 21200-1 BOLANDS CROSS (CO) (Shaikh AI Abu Khamsin) f 


617 12020 FBtST TEMPTATION (B1 (CTutxiajmp Ud) S Woodman 4-10-0 — MRlchards 

620 000-002 COUNTRY CAP (R Townsend) J Old 5-15-0 — 

621 040/300 MR CHRIS (COL Foods 44 Ltd) M H Eastarby 7-104) 


Course specialists 

TOWCESTER 


301 21200-1 BOLANDS CROSS (CO) (Shaikh AI Abu Khamsin) N G&seiee 7-1 1-10 

P Scudamore 

302 2f4-f10 CLARA MOUNTAIN (□] (S SatosovyiT Forster 7-11-10 H Davies 

303 324-2D1 GRINGO (D) (D Samuel) N Henderson 7-11-10 JWW» 

305 10004-1 FASTER STILL ID) (SummomflJ Stud Lftl) P D Haynes 7-11-5 — S Sherwood 

311 1200-p LARRY-0 (D Andwwsl F wmw 6-11-4 J Duggan 

313 OOp-OOO N&OTS BOY (A SMkto) R Voorapuy 6-11-4 JRowafl 

315 23p-02l OLYMPIC PRIZE (H JoeO J Gifford 7-114 R Rowe 

321 0-00000 RYMEB'S SON (Mrs D Madwmon) R Qow 6-11-4 — -GMcCourt 

322 030p0 SCOUSFARE (A Wffldnson) Denys Smfth 6-11-4 M Riehards 


. ... CREGGAMA (C Wysock-WrighO H Beasley 6-10-0 
p/403-0 SAXON ACE (A Carver) C Trtettae 8-10-0 — — 

00-pf BILLW BOMBARDIER (B Rutter) G ' 

O-OpfOO WOODLAND GENERATOR (Mss M 
OOUOp- BACKPACKER (Mrs L Clay) TOw 6-1 (H) 

200/000 SMILHG LAUREL [P Terry) Mrs B waring 7-1 00 


7-10-0 
P Pritchard 7-104) 


TRAINERS: F Whtwyn 13 wkswrs from 38 
nmneta. 34JTfc F Wlntar 16 tram 68, 235%; T 
ForsmrSI from 152.20-4V 
JOCKEYS: K Mooney 7 winner* from 28rUae, 


26.9%; B ReBy 8 from 42, 19.0%; p Double 7 
from 38. 164%. 

KEMPTON 

TRABIERS: F Winter 42 wtoners from 158 
runnera. 265% J GHlord 28 from 134. 20.9%; 
N Henderson 13 from 65. 20.0% 


George Knight 


2 Saw Acton, 4 Royal Harbour. 5 Btutf Cove. 6 McGiKcuddy, BUmsui, 10 Country Cap. 




& 








iiSfera 

p 



g 


HSR 

5S 


Tj ■ J y! hP 


PSj 


u| 


SHEER STEEL (Sloel Plata 8 Sections) PCundel 6-1 1-4 . 


FORM: TBjKtUN (10-11) SU Sth to Wfhras 01-7) at Hereford; eerier Q-6) 211 4th to Mklrtdn JOCKEYS: R Rowe 19 wtonersfrom IK rid «. 
Count (11-0) with DONALD DAVES (11-0) 12tfi and COUNTRY CAF(11-v) 13th (CheftwrtwnrSn 1IL1% Si SnwTSdes ISftSnW^^ 
4tnovhdle^£1833. soft. Dec 6. 21 ran). MCG8X1CUDOY (1 1-3) beat* Amaefa (10-10) a short heed iIt?" ’ p 


— A Gorman at Martel Rasen (2m nov hefle. £976. heavy. Dec 26, 11 ran). GEES CROSS 


11-10 Botarda Cross,4 Ofympto Prlw. 5 Gitngg 6 Fatter Sta, 8 Clara Mount am. 12 Larry-O. HAHBOUR(lO-4 beat Party Mss (10-10) 9 at%r^(3m hc^Se! £1.288. heavy, l^oc 27. 18 ™AWB» LteM MdraonH* 
FORM: BOLANDS CROSS (11-0) 251 winner from Vodkatini (11-4) at Kempton (2m 4f Nov Ch, ran). BUffT COVE (10-7)181 3rd to IbnMaJed (10-12) at Doncaster (2m 41 nw tidto.&D21. good. S XS"!?!!- MEMtwby 

E2.B30. soft Dec 26. 5ranL CLARA MQUNTABL tailed off last time on heavygrcuid: pwtoudy Dec 1118 ranL SAWT ACTON (10-7) TO runner-up to Ton Plua fil-8) with PREACHERS GSI Bro wja 5 from 21. 23B% 

- “ " — J — tOO pi -3) (Cheoonham. 2m <U nov hdte. &JcB9. soft Jar 1. 13 ran). FaWERCHOTiDEfl best effon jOgtEYBriTGarrahaw TB vrimtn 


. Dec 13. 18 rant SAINT ACTON (10-5^ 

11-2) beat Dunkirk (11-2) a at Ung6e*d pm 41 Nov Ch. £1242. good. Dee 2f. 13 ran. QWNQO (11-3) (Cheltenham. 2m 41 nov hdto. £2*189, soft Jan 1, 13 rwd. FERtiERO-KHDEII baa effort I jPggTKHamnm lAwgalrom 39 rktoa, 
lO-KB 201 winner from B Scarodato (10-5) at Wohmrharnpton (2m 4f Nov Ch. 12841. good, Dec whan (10-12J ’'V End to Vino Pasta (11-12) at Newcastle (2m 4f nov hda. £1291, good, Nov 15, 35.6%; M PwyerB from 44. 1BJ% C Hawidns 
27 9 ran). FASTER STILL (10-5) beat Country Agent (1&-1Q) 41 at Huntingdon (2m 4r Nov Ch, 18 ran). 2 | 16 ton 93, 172% 


Soudamore 21 from 163. 13J%. 

CATTEHICK 

TRAINERS: Mre M Dkkktaon 25 nkrnra from 
gnmwn. 42.4% M H Essterby 20 from 66. 


- t r * h ft 'i-y i) 1 ; T 


10 wins from 39 rides. 


27. 9 ran). FASTER STILL (10-51 beat Country Agent |l5-iQ) 41 at Huntingdon (2m 41 Nov Ch. 




CATTEFUCK BRIDGE 




TOWCESTER 


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at? 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


29 


Mptoring by Clifford Webb 



.‘Kfr ■ British motor industry 
celeb ra te d its. ^Oth birthday this 
week. On January 14,. 1896 .the ' 
Daimler*: Motor Company, of 
Coventry, registered as Bri- 
tain!* first motor vehicle producer 
although a handful of brave souls 
were driving .cam imported from 
Germany and France, r- 
To assuage the fears of other road 
.users they werejjrecedcd by a man 
carrying a nsd flag to restnet their ' 

;In May, 1896 an advertisement 
addressed to “The Nobility &. 
Gorfry^.imrodaced the twin-cylia- 
der 6rhprsepbwer D aimle r Waggo- 


s ‘navel vehicle’ - 90 years on 



nette as .being “adznkably suited to. 
ids of the spor ts m an - the 


the seeds 

JoverdftheMMtrysiacgrviijgas it 
dots full facili ti es for the enjoyment 
of fresh air and an unmtprf ^p^yj 
View of the scenery. This novel 
vdude rdying on petroleum for its 
motive power- wffl -attain' "die" 
comfortable speed of 12 inflea an 
houroni the level while hitls may be 
ascended and descended in safety.** ’ 

Shortty afcnvards the “Red Frag” 
legislation was repealed and was' 
immediately celebrated by- the first 
L o n don - Brighton. Emancipation 
run in November,; 1896. : 

Hie father of the British motor 
industry and the founder of 
Daimler in 3ritaui was Frederick 
Simms , from Warw icksh ire An 
engineer by profession, Simm* was 
25 when he went to ■ the- 1888 
Bremen. International Exhibition 


paimJer.(j898) encounters 1 986 Daimler-. Double Six - 


CAR BUYERS’ GUID E ® Trade 01-8372916 Private 01-8373335 or 3311 


Mercedes Benz 


^ •• J ■ 

* - ‘i , 


tf .. 'itte 

. I - 

-»• V '.- 


V;'^Sv v Wr«teM 


' Mercedes 19023-1 6^ sophisticated road burner 

George .to develop I Winchester Cars and keep than a carriage drawn by a 
independently in Birmingham. In pair of horses”. 

. . _ . . — zj-t i931, Lanchester was taken overly The-oidest car jn Britain today is 

mpygU ed at the sraphaty of BSA. The last Lanchester car was an 1888 Benz on display, in the 


the- internal combustion' engine 
developed by Ksai Benz and 
Gottlieb Dahnler. “ 

-At ‘ that -time Simms , saw its 
potential not for propelling horse- 
less carriages bdt for pum ping and 
marine applications. He persuaded 
Daimler to let him sell his en gine 
in Britain' and by 1891 had a 
demonstration . Daimler-powered 


shown at - the Earls Court Motor ' Science Museum. London. It was 
Show in 1956.- The name is still' bought by the museum for £5 in 
owned by Jaguar Cars. 

As I reported last week The 
centenery of the motor car is being 
'celebrated 1 by Daimler Benz in 
Stuttgart,' ' West Germany, ' on. 

January . 29. Public awareness of 
motoring began in Britain only 
about 10 ■years lata- and it is worth 


1913. Today,' it is probably worth 
-more than £200,000. • 

Mercedes Cosworth 

•At this time of year most car 
companies are pushing their new 


When your car already looks as 
- attractive as today’s Mercedes that 
is a readily, understandable view. 

But' this was a factory job 
produced at the rate of 7,000 a year 
and a; proud carrier of the triple 
pointed star. The extra body panels 
'wit not only blended sym pa t heti c 
cally, but were strictly functional 
reducing front lift by 47 per cent 
and rear lift by 40 per cent. 
r - . The big departure from standard; 

■ practice is -the addition of hydro- 
. pneumatic self-levelling and a 
limite d - slip -differential. The first 
stops the car “squatting” under 
.fierce acceleration and the latter 
. keeps more rubber in contact with 
-.the road.- . 

For the first few days the weather „ 
was kind enough for me to explore 
the limits of this very sophisticated u 
road burner. The first thing that has 
to be said i$ that this is no over- 
tuned, .highly-stressed piece of jj 
racing machinery which only comes 
into its own with Constant use of 
the gear lever and maximum revs. 

It will move swiftly enough 
without the need for brutal 
treatment, accelerating from 0-62 
mph in 7.2 secs, a time many higyr 
engined sports cars would have 
difficulty in matching and topping 
. 140 mph easily. It will just as 
readily potter along at 28 mph in 
fifth gear. 

Theare is plenty of grip from the 
Pirelli P6 “specials” on alloy wheels 
and the handling is unfussy and! 
predictable. . 

Then came the snow and with h 
a remarkable transformation. Gone 
was all that lovely grip in the dry. 
While mass-produced family 
saloons costing a quarter of the 
Mercedes £21,000 were able to 
maintain traction T slipped and 
slithered all over the road. As 
have driven a standard 190 m 
worse conditions I can only assume 



[COMETO OUR HUGE SHOWROOM WITH 50 MERCEDES-BENZ ON DISPLAY* HEBE IS A SELEC TION FROM OUB STOCK. 

~ ~ I == ^ 

HUS SjSSl 

■HjcSSoI 


9? ML jt M) Mrofe. nL vjflpi rkc _£2aaia 

■Manuffjtei Z21 4M 
|wt« e .bL«krSh.e — 

tate.nAiM.Bni 




|m“« r tawto.9^i;cvc_riM«o 


\ 5 5iB* , ^v.Ass. s/h... 




2*4 TIM 


gj CBW AiCS/R. 

WT W i r . Minw .piaM — C17.1M 


anttreumoMi 


rum 





^Btaiunu. — g a .wo 
UMXCOm PMH 



Kmllkr Aa. A/c. — X174M 

^^■niunn — — nUM 


.<11, 


MamamJj 

L««n.M»»/Tj/w.w/w^f1I 

ItaaLBwd.SA.w/w BMW 



_^)CUL1V APPOanraO NEW mSSENQER CAH DEALER 


ri=M3 $41 FINCHLEY. ROAD SALES. SERVICE AND PARTS 

HAMPSTEAD LONDON NW3 6ET. 01 '435 1133 01 “328 4721 


500 

500 

900 

500 

500 

380 

280 

280 

280 

230 

230 

100 

190 

600 


hnat nlvina Pntniw aooui luyeais lain ana li is. worm ,Woc~~j , T J — worse coaaiuons i can omy assume 

«* ■»«*“*» 


It attracted the attention, of a 
group of businessmen who formed 
the British Motor-Syndicate- and in' 
1895 acquired from Simm* the 
British Daimler patent rights' for 
£35,000. Simms was retained as 
consulting engineer betnuse of his 
excellent relations ' with Gottlh* 
Daimler. 

Within a few- years the Daimler 
car had taken on a British identity. 


column was one of the earliest 
publications to draw attention to 
“these ingenious vehicles”. 

•Thanks to research -by- Erik 
Johnson of Mercedes Benz UK I 
learn that -oh June 8, 1985 -we 
published a letter from a Mr John 
Henry Knight of Famham describ- 
ing a visit to Paris, which included a 
ride in. a “self-propelled four-wheel 
dogcart” made by Messrs Panhard 


1 helped by the German decision to • * Lavassoc. He continued: “It may 


replace the marque wamn D aimle r 
hyMercedfek ' ' 

In 1910/ B£A acquired Daimler 
and .50 years later it moved to its 
present owners. Jaguar Cars. 

'.The first all-British, car is 
acknowledged to be the work of 
another Midlander, Dr Frederick 
Lanchester. By a remarkable coinci- 
dence his first trial run look place 
within weeks of the Daimler Motor 
Company being registered. 

Dr “Fred”, as he was affection- 
ately lmown, became a moch- 
v'alued consultant at Daimler, 
Coventry,. . leaving his brother 


be asked why none of these 
ingenious vehicles is in use in 
En^and? The reply must be that 
until the laws relating to road 
‘locomotion are in a more satisfac- 
tory state few persons would 
venture . to .. commence building 
motor carriages. 


which means that their press test 
fleets' are also flush with new- 
comers. It- is doubly unfortunate 
therefore that this is also the most 
inappropriate time of year for 
putting a car through its paces. 
Snow and ice make poor test 
companions for cars’ bring driven 
hard: Or do they? More later .. . 

I had been loolring'forward to the 
arrival of the Mercedes 290 2.3 litre 
“16-valver” for a long time. This 
high p e rform ance version of Stutt- 
gart's smallest car had evaded me 
since it' was launched here six 


speed Pirelli tyres. 

Thank heavens for the Bosch 
anti-lock brakes, standard equip- 
ment on this model. 

That brings me bock to my 
opening question: “Do snow and 
ice make poor companions for test 
driving?” The answer must be 
“No”. If the car on test is intended 
for general use in all weather 
conditions. In this instance it more 
than made the case for anti-lock 
brakes and the need for a set of 
more suitable tyres for extreme 
winter use. 


months ago. 

Photographs 'of the bodyshell of . , . . .■ • 

the now femiliar 190 series had Vital StatlStlCSI 
been given an altogether more 

potent and rugged appearance by Model: Mercedes 190 2.3 16-valve 
the addition of front and rear Price: £21,045 

. “Meanwhile, we are losing trade- aprons, deep ride skirts and a boot Engine: 2293 cc 4-cylinder 

which in a &w years might be of to airdam. When eventually I saw it Performance: 0-62 mph 7.5 secs, 
considerable value and it would be in the flesh for the first time in my maximum speed 145 mph 

well to ' consider if mechanical drive it was even more impressive. Official consumption: Urban 24.4 

propulsion, of carriages on common Mercedes engineers are always mpg; 56 mph, 45.6 mpg and 75 
roads should not be encouraged for - reluctant .to let their cars get into . ” 

there' is- >no 'doubt that these the hands of the “go foster-bolt on” Length: 

carnages are less expensive to work specialists.. Insurance: 


mph. 35.7 mp| 


14. 
Group 8 


Rolls-Royce and Bentley 


CLOUDiir-:-. 

44.500 mills. FtaUatf Jh inetaific 
silver ovar-dann Hub. fake gmy m- 1 
tenor. HiWenwO by Rote Rnyce 
London. FSH. kept keatitaagy hate) 
garage. toWtoustymalntatoed. Prob- 
ably om at .the finest on offer* 

£2<m 

Tab late LMOeell-Mt 4575 
lane 1737 532447 


BLACK BEAUTY 

EK tHptomai aaUng IMa Aoyoa Slvar 
SMdnr. 1978, Apgrax mSasga 
StJM. te BMute a' oonJBon. Vwy 
sparingly md. Black coaotiwortc and 


ROLLS-ROYDESUABOW 11 

1976 . 

BccoSant condtttan. Wefl 
makTtalnwt Gobi ' cotour. 
65,000 miles. ' 

Beat offir over E1D.Q00 
TbI0*1-J 


' £1-L0Qff 

Pteasa tek Ot-203 1025 


. ROLLS R0YCE 
SILVER SHABBY 11 

i Mta lWt .... 
Pelt MSB and afivac, Wtwv 


Tab 0225133339 


■amir t» ins. omy u 

stiver Onv/'MMwattinnL/ . 

PriMteB c a n ai M o n . FSH. art vatB plate . 

MM *• ana cf Oie OaM a a rojM 

mSibic. pnvau aala. C 10.900. 
pnm(oaaa9saiaa.. •». 


Roue 


tentel 

IdkMcwra car. Lav 


Om-SMSl or- 0907 3- 


mWwWEB. only 

k ocna mob. 




. _ MB. AlB 

wtm usaory. aicgo 

rrui»*. ciaeoo. aamcm. oezs- 
oaeei. 


VWTAGE CONVERTIBLE 
ROLLS ROtCE... 

1937 ConvertlWe.Rote Boycs. Crenn 
with brown wrings, roagnota Monor. 
Very goat condition. Jut passed 
MOT.kIStel 

568 0265 / 68 $ 7270 


197BWRMTR.U 

Omni Onyx/Datrk Cram EvartUos. 
aotHldc tale 


} tatertor -wubout 

dMWMU 72^00 mflea. FSH. 

- sofpa^laair nn yttty^i „ 

rojsa 

W: Sariaa aSBca laan ‘ 

- 81*6309247 


■H.VEH SHADOW 1H8. PrtvM.1 


BMW 



First Front© 

Approved Used BMWb 


WWaMW** AVAIJIBLE FOB l,2or3 YEAR CONTRACT 
. . MM WfTH FULL UAMTZNANCC 


■MW 3111 

W3 1» 


fXS. 


WoN * 

JUOJU- 


BMW 51 81. 

■■pfiaa. 


VAT 
-£5L3B+VAT 
JTOS.mVAT 
JC7«J6tVAT 
♦VAT 


HSWS2SETA. 


_£77J4+VAT 

JEaSJttVAT 


BMW 73a Amo. 


jeilMfoVAT 

_t147.1S*YAT 


CHARGED MONTHLY. WEEKLY. ROWS IHOWN 


QH 826000 


BMW 5281 

SPECIAL EQUIPMENT 

1983 August reg no, A27 SUL 
Auto elec windows, roof & artel, 
ABS, IrmitBd slip (Off. HL W/W, 
c/locMng, - computer, PAS, 
alloys, Blaupunkt Toronto radio 
cassette. .18 mths warranty. 
£9,995. 

Tel: 01-441 4683 


i/oobMco raoC' BnmniL C9.9S6. 
Ol) S92 0671 . 


7> 0M) SILVER SHADOW, MOT. 

SOvor/bhia. « eead.-L voor war- 
ranty. £8.750. Ot-tfZ9 469B.. 


ROLLS- ItOVCC SILVER SFtRlT. uri 

1981 . TWo Staoonnoaom OUalloOH 

Rover Sttvor 9W& ho\iaa invoM 
, ojracy cmiui S9.ooo on 

ohir » ate n w rm Md of 
. Caocltwark CoOwoU Mtse wtt 

■ervior hWaiy Rom ntw. As 
Bol MM m raftnomenok tm 
8X1787. 

SfLVBI SPIRIT 1981. 4&000 rilBaa 

-wtm fuo iMmoiary. Knan-itek 

wTta MSB tealhor. supers. £25.980. 

• H-W7HRQ. - . 

1883 W) . savor Spirit. 11,000 mum. 
daap acmp Ma e. lehVtMfDo: 
£•31996. - TM. 0491 872151. 


0942 


Porsche 


sinianwHeifr 

US CARRERA 

Chassis no. 2113601051. toRJ mech- 
anical and body robutt. absolutely 
pristine cond, often ovar £25400. _ . 

•40221178 

fiOS753U(im) 


911 TUABO 86 MODEL 
BEG OCTOBER 85 . 

Btacfc. black bather sports seats. 6m- 

KedsRp«R.i^00inflesa4y- 

TUR80 NUMBERPLATE 

Host be seen 

SMMMOiA 


0295737755 iftliw 


911 SC COUPE 


sCRfeofcn. 
£14^390 

(Hens) 0279 722973 



itaauoomu.014 


■ Ml Carrera. 

^•rtCriqw 
1983A 35,000 mteB,' Qt»nte 
Rod, Full Ssrvics 

history, ExcsBant cendflion 
£ 21 , 000 ;.. 
MOton Ksynssffl908) 
564490/585029/582071 


B Reg B 44 LUX 

Auto, 20,000 mis. Guards 
red. S/R, full A.FJri. ssrvice 
hlstoiy. 

£ 14,950 

(0835) 45373 (offic*)' . 
(0835) 253579 (MM) 


BMW SIS Itatl May 1994, l 
owner. TOM. Lapts BtaAsjoaTW 
0204710427. 


73S U 


Muc/P»afic. auta. fun 
31.000 ra*. Mtoia»n« D; 
taUTOKSUato gwwiufen. 


OJM>. Ol- 

fWeaWayil 
NEW BMWTa. AB 'totals to order, 
lerac to c mia a. Ttfcaarw 30X0. 


VW and Audi 


SOOTH HEBEfOBD 

GARAGES LTB 

(AHBVWdMSan) 


t mnaaoeoiily 

(vaeavtaas 

Audi TOO CD auto ta f 
^^tartotoa-iSUl 

Awn ioor 
Qrev. 4 4. 

TnifrSnT gls Mon to (bob 
fun . SMC I994CV 


AH -cars on too road taxed tor 

l2 p£SS?Zo&?&M m . 

Open 7 day. a waste. 


1983 VW GOLF 
CONVERTIBLE GTr 1-8 

AB wMs Hmted editioa’immacu- 
latB condition. Average mfleaga. ' 

£7,000 0B0 
Tel: 01-4491511 


ISCniOCC OCL. 1984 . 8 0000 ta.1 


SIS S SPEED Jan 19S4. I 
2fi.ooo mis. Baltic Mua 


X7J98. 0430 52799 

64306 EVss. 


Day. 0420 


3231 Black. Beige taL B Res. 10.000 

mia,-M8R. e/wfndowe 6-dr aS m a. 


00 or Ol 5421 1877 (wX 


32M Cres. Aug *85. Mat pataL S/R. 

n/H/n. UK dealer 

99SOQO. 01-951 1174. 


BMW31C Y Rea. Sapta. met. derw. 
electric BBirsn. FSi. £4,198, — OT95 
874191. 



Rolls-Royce 
amt Bentley 
Authorised 
Dealers 


WEYBRIDGE 

Automobiles 

1S82 Ftods toys CoroEte CorhRSSi 
thasticd h ySow goM aitn dark Bom 

Me **! Hood, MOO nite sun 

1BB4 (B) Ms Rom Sim Spot fli- 
tted In CoibmU beige ad an htt. 

6,700 mans, loanir. Z4S.SSB 

1882 Roll Reyes Star Spit fintted b 
ice green wSi Mga hMa plpad ta dvt 

gmn, 17JXD mlaa OSJSI 

1961 Rote Royes SBw StadM I fln- 
ttad la sdnsg magnela bids pkad BA 

.loaner, 24.700 rote E2UH 

1976 (J) Rnftx Aoyce Sffnr StadM I 
fiuhad in bonay anna rte, 24J00 

ads mEM 

WUi Sfsct tram 1st J»u*y 1988 tta 
Rods Roto md Jegux Hadte of 
Lax Mead. WoMdge. «a t» nAq 
mte On mm* of WeyWdge Auto- 
mo ifltt . 

Contact (0932) 49225 or 
8unday (0252) 837453 


§44385, eve 041 942 8406. 

K3B AUTO 82 series. Bern 

« mta PBH. Superix £\ 
01-640 6173 (TJ. . • 


Collectors cars 


JAGUAR 1958 MK EX. Fmahed 
in Old Enriiih wtaxxe. engine re- 
build * by Forward EngmceriM, 
sttialaB exhaust, lovely bodywork 
ft interior. Much mosey spent 
recently, currently MOTd. £4408 
CADILLAC 1938. Rare AHD 
model finidinl in maroon over 
cream, side mounted spare wbeda, 
lovely bodywo r k and -mterioi:- In- 
teresting binary. £8,750 ' 

NIGEL DALLY 
Teh Congleton 273881(T) 


K FABULOUS wbBe 

nutrenwr IMrk B: paiutnc t owiw. 
26.795ndta raont UM awartMtol - 
Jcnsool. everyttono m flat <3i 
order; C4.75a - Rlno Rwwni i 
«2P 2T9I ome» tan (Mtom. 


1BSS VAN DEN rue Princess 1300 
■uso. wmlnat tads, btoe t o ntarr np- 
hetmey. MOT Oct -86. »T5oomaw 
ideal ntftanaon.£1.150iHW.01-889 
4867 (eftt), 


poncHE ri Ttm»o 


BLI , CesvaHMt 1982 

a . meed, rtt 1 «we, 

ctSnBete. todad. MOT 
£4^80.021-7075306, 


MuA 




344 LUX Feb W lMOOBW Matt 


£27500, &tar 210935. 




17395 a 


UH AUDI OUATTftO tatate 

^^nni». I aw alnir Ctarion s tereo . 

etc. £17.960. Rtoo dav 0734 
883196. 

||u. 

-1L X rate, LHD. . 
mmagteto-aaie. TO 

gOtFMF CO *>, ABm odatt anttpcfc^ 

z&rssssss^s^^ 

tSOLF «U 1982. Maete.2exxx3mli.l 

■wswriK 

18M COLF _aTL CDttgyW-Jg, 


from £7^98. Other met 

Td02512G444im. 


PAIMIjgt -PART" «P28p]c 

ST Stcdwytottpaic. Tattffi) 009 -1 


BRISTOL 411 Seriaa BL 1972. One 

3Sd 

1SS8 ASTON MARTM DBS. good 

wXMdIcbs bmI ^vhni, 

new detete «4n wheel* and DM. 

,*3c an TF 1800 open*. .1,700 mats 

TRIUMPH TRS. 1174. OwH 



BMW ... 

Mlgu 1972. 70,000 tnOea. r aernn 

aes. dearie window*. PAS. nearest 

-mamai-MfiBir. 1 ■ 


Motors wanted 




.sr 


TR7/TVB A Lima by Fredrick CJwrire 
can LM. 0990 S3M6. 


WAS? ANTED 


1U4 aavsn snare. Honey pH. Mae 



w/w Crete I owner. F8H. 


Goulds of Glasgow 



SL 856, Clasafc vrtiite. Grey Aide. 5.000 m. 
SL 858. TttisllB green. Beige hide. 9.000m. 
SL BSt Champagne. Beazil cloth. 9.000m. 
SL 8 TCMralsihrec Black leather 2 3,500m 
SEL BAA. Stiver blue. velour 16.500m. 
SEL S3Y. Astral silver Sft» velour 58.000 m. 
SL 7 U Fjord blue. SJgj3pwr. 2ft 500m. 

E 85B. Wdnigtobiafr{$&&n’iex. 11.500m. -■ 
SE 82X. Astralswar Sfl/e clothJZ 000 m. ' 
TE 83V. Lspiabtoe. Blue lex. 5-^r^cL 45,000 1 
CE 83A. Grey Cream doth. !S. 000 m. - - 
E 858. Maude blue. Grey doth. 8,D00n\ - 
E 84 A. Midnight blue. Blue cloth. 13.500m. 
7U. Astral sifvat. Black hide. 83.0QBfn 


£30450 

£28,750 

£23,950 

£22.750 

£25,950 

£17^50 

£14^00 

£15,250 


£12,450 

£13,750 

£12^50 

£ 1^000 


Bradshaw & Webb 



Sales: Mayfair 01-493 7705/Chefawa 01-352 7382 
Sendee ft Parts: Wandsworth 01-870 9811 


0' 


1M A Rm tea KB. 

S eyhan ta* mjn 

A M) CM SEL Ttata tat. dr 


HOOD rib* 

£2SJE4 

1M3 r Itea fiN St, Bte. tetter trri. ABS. 
bib* kuteU, A| Mate, nd c ex 19AB 

tea 121*5* 

1K1 V teg M 8. PMri Rtt teter 
ate ntfa nan 2X009 11K0 

tm V tet «a SL Md Bte. tete tta 
iteBria, Bret carnal WJ OP ri b * 

fisjse 

IMS I tea 29B T. Grar. &4*Md ante 

1W T te| 388 SEC. Upb Bte ad, dr 
n taste*. ABS bttte dtetac att nd* 
onto. VXD b*b 23, 





BOO SE W1 


Boaorifri car. £14,800. 0783887474 

m. 

480 SLC 1900. 24.000 mb. sold, 
vatour tatertor. ad* concL endae 
control. macnlftrmt cosnUtton: 
£18,OOa - 0^288710. 

380 8L 1979. SPvar Blua. FSH. 6 8.000 
mttes. El V.OOO. 01-679 0777 offlca. 

OMMlmBM. 


280 SL B reg Fab 1 935 -md blue 
black, grey hide upboFstiy with 
rear seat, ABS. alloys. Blau pun kt 
radio cassette, low mileage, i lady 

owner 222,500 

280 SE X reg - Sept '81. met 
champ, ABS, HL w/w cruise, 
E/S/R. rear head rests, mint cond, 
Blaipunkt radio cassette. 2 own- 
ers from new £10,950 

Tel STOKE-ON-TRENT 
1 330389 (Wort) 
(Eves, w/BDds) 


1983 300 D. 


1 D, 18.000 mis. LHD. 
as saw. £7.960. Tac 001 


3SOBE 81 X. 39JOOO nfflaa. SOvar bhaa. 
bha taaltiar. fun Barvlce hum 
£12^00.491 7MSdav. 7990621 m 


280 SE JUMI S3. SOJOOO BdMa. FIIHI 
ac n rica fdatonr. fliaiiiiiaiini Brown 
vatour. ABS. waah/wtpa. allays. 


talrnhnna 
r fisjOC 


16.000. Tat Crawley 

646774. 

MO SE 1981. Minalttr SOver Btaw. 
electric roof/wtodows. 
control, alloy wtmb. 


£11.280. 
•vu/Sun C 


Dey 070 
0709649989. 
330 SE 1 98SJQ 6700 b* 
s/reaf ABS. FSH. I 
£21.996. 0254 822018 m. 


379612, 



IBM (B1 800 WL OiRina me*. M te i w n y wl Hjrd tap. 
Brazil etom. nor Md. A cnHec. aUoy*. HL w/w. kAiSm te 

SlSA - Bbir“Chobv.' E/S/R . 

fc^Caarno^“B5><rnT«iLtitu»'ctctoL. AB&PWr. 

d owte. rWCBte 21 JOOO ml* by 1 owner, ftdl MB •ervjjctaj 

4L Ortern ’riottE iiuoyTj" rid / Cm**. 

gm«M MM- InzD Optii. uiKe 
crate rad/caas 29A00 mb only, nd MB aow^ 

1*81 (W> 280 BB <Naw ghgptt Patel batoe. qC w cloin. E 
iad/an. 2 ownan. 45.000 mb only, run MB aovtca^N 

■piirrSriiltf 

nRMsa"£u5L r *Mai 




01*681 3881 



MERCEDES 

28QSL 

1983 auto, 29000 mflas. h/a 
tops, cruise, a.b3, IlLw.w, 
mstaffle stver, bke hather, 
paraonal rag. £16.000. 

Tit fpswfefi 6473 57671 
afScataBra. 
PrtretaSaia. 


1B0 2.3 16 valve Ooiworta. 
nUtaaoe. Bloc/Black, 
mm ™ vvi Tat 

Sfl! W753)6*247 (B. 


230*. Auto. 1984. 
miles, as new. 
£10A60 000.(6978) 


A- ton. IB.OO0I 


23-11 V COSWORTH. Smokad 41- 
rer. run laatbar. an- rod . M 
apoens. uaregblered. Tate (06373) 


280 SL April 1 
trim auto a/w P, 

8X00 mb: £1 “ 

CO- 

BOO SL 84 (AX. Lapte Blue. 


rad tetea duck, 
h/a lops: as naw 
I- 0912 825347 




1 *0 ‘A* BW Silver. MB tax. auto, 
amrad. cant lode ab- <»»i + sxtraa. 

^t^&a. ijoooonfctfSR 


MERCEDES 
600 SEL 

IMS *T r— to r a da n . Owcmnrt p w 



ateooo m* Oriy eiBAao.Tafe: 
8008 MBMLaaaaBOi tonal 


1880 MERCEDES 480 BUS. ReoulartV 


White, balbar tat. A/C. Suvroof. 
tetaw^a*. C9.7BO. Tel: 01-541 


MERCEDES 200T B rag Brio (tonal 
rad/Uadc data. Fulu- Mn/kwT A 
vdMHL Radio Canada. 30.000 tab. 
EXcttam condition. £8.996. tel 
(09S9) 42661 6 Swanaga. 


a^FS?SU. l *« x 6.7^S?52g 

280 E. teSYrag. Wtdta. 34.000 TOb. 
Jgg3 gte &767 ta««r driren. 


800 8EC A rco. Thtttle inoiMHi 
■ Backar Matdco. Mated aaate dtt tow 
mckaL m.ffOO mlln. B eaut H tl l 
COOORMO. £23.7601 Tel 0606 34341 


Jaguar and Daimler 



jf&Qwm 


A Heron International Company - - - 

JAGUAR IN LONDON 

1986 XJSV12 CABRIOLET 
White with Black Hide. TWRADqy Wheels, 
Many Extras. 500 miles. POA. 

1985XJSHE 

Regent Grey with Doeskin Hide. 9j000 miles. X2Q450. 

1985 (OCT) XJS3.6 COUPfi f86 MODEL) 
Curfew with Chiltem Tweed. T/C, HLWW. 
3J00 miles. £18950. 

1985 (DEC) SOVEREIGN HE 
Cobal t Blue with Doeskin Hide. 850 miles. £2 1950. 

1984 SOVEREIGN HE 
Sage Green with Buckskin Hide, EOSR. 

. 25D00 miles, ,£15,950. 

1985 (NOV) SOVEREIGN A2 C86 MODEL) 
Curfew with Doeskin Hide. 3D00 miles. £19950. 

1985 (OCT) SOVEREIGN 4.2 (*86 MODEL) 
Claret with Biscuit Hide, EOSR. 4500 miles. £19950. 

1984 SOVEREIGN 4.2 

Silversa nd with Doeskin Hide, EOSR. 6900 miles. £ 16,450. 

1984 (DEC) SOVEREIGN 42 
Regent Grey with Doeskin Hide. 7800 miles. £15950. 

1984 SOVEREIGN 42 

Regent Grey with Doeskin Hide. 13900 miles. £ 15950. 

MINIATURE COLOUR TV/RADIO 

PRESENTED WITH ANY USED JAGUAR 
PURCHASED BEFORE 31st JANUARY 1986. 


j*.0uen 

VBAFOfitE JAGUAk 1 JAGUAg^TT/ 

2 LytteKon Road ■ Hampstead * London N2 * Tel: 01-458 7111 
Western Avenue ■ Creenfoid • Tel: 01-998 7691 
Telex: 266089 


ARNETT OP BOURNEMOUTH offer 

■1966 B aoBey SI wttb t ody by 
> ftateOed in trrivet^^ta 

mDea (Toot naw. S:r.>; 

H £17. COO Tel Rin Norton^ 

| o£DC a <p2Q21 670626. w/end (0200, 

474 1 

ARNETT OF 8DURNBI OUTH offer 
roso (Fob) RoOs-Rk- re 
snadow n. ta wflMwteBBI 
Wanna Wtm uaud«. lo^oo mflraTl 
W arran ted at £2 8.080. TriRjm 

ARNETT OP BOURNEMOUTH offer; I 
1981 cauq) Rotb-Royca Sover Stern 

italtad to Cotow cJd Mae. aojoo 
itelles. Warra nted. Csa. SOO. TN Ran I 
Ngtaa teBcerotea gt S70S7& egOi 

ARNETT Of BOURNCTTOim^fe^ 
■ 1988 Sever Claud I wUh boo by I 
JSiutoTeupfl ta Tudor 
5S? . yiriS^ rv e car. ^ P i^ TO. Tel; 

ARNETT OF BOURHZMOUTH offer I 
■1984 tool Bamtey P utt. OntoRcdBi 

c4^.5oa | 


57067 S. w/auli 




RANGE ROVER HIRE 

Afi oaw modal 
PI Vova's erasable 

from £100 per diy 
Tab (0443) 277874 (office hem) 
(0903) 812267 (24 bn) (T), 


BEGBTRAHON NUMBERS 


GL 111 " 7 “ 


GRANGE 

— MOTORS— 
BRfeiVTWOOD 



lees JAGUAR Xtt VS eaws.S*Q*Mos — 
MS JAGUAR Sou VS auto. SBaMnagnote 


. CZL7BS 


tees JAOUAR 8PS42 auto. SMtoTS«R*a. 


1P W JAGUAR XJS 84 Coapa. CobttA M i a m.'aip. H.W/W 

SB (C| JAGUAR XJSNE. Cabriolet auto As{8ntftarib.3J)Wnitea. , 

tees JAGUAR X1S HE tote. BROta-SilOO mb. 


see JAGUAR XJS HE eoto. RogeWdoe. 8JX» mtoa. 

tees n JAGUAR 3 pk HE BttD.SaBBttoo-&UO mate. 

1M6 W JAGUAR SotLZ reto. CQP ttta a * . 2JD0 mbs _ 

1909 (C} JAGUAR Sev. 42 aute. 9ag^dos *£00 relee. 

DM JAGUAR XJS HE auto. CoaNTdos. ZL000 miss 
SB4 nri. JAGUAR XJS HE auto. CaozMXSUt 13A» nfles. 

SB3|A)JA0tMRXJSHEB0a.VmieAtoCtLannin*«s 

neSJAOUARXJSMimM.SNinngNarile ZOflCDtal — 
IteAnte. JAGUAR XJ6 22 cat4>a.BbcAnoa 35.000 mBes. - 
1M 4 JAGUAR Ses HE auta.AtariopeMea.2M0O rates. 

«e4 mdL JAGUAR Bo* *2 aria. n*g*waav6t 25200 ta* 

1W< B i te . JAGUAR Sea 42 auto. Sagettoa. WMO mtes. 

rie« JAGUAR Sac HE auto. CoHH&a. 2SJOO rates. — — . 


.220200 


.00200 


.120200 


.cn^oo 
.018200 
. £10200 
. CtUEO 
. C1&2E0 
. £15230 


SB4 ate. JAOUAR XJS 32 co upe. C nh tetaBB ri .25JOOWto . 
MM JAOUAR XJS 42 auto. RveHaaftrubriTK 17200 nriaa. — 


men 

.nxm 

.EQ250 

.00200 

.ES250 

.03250 

.02200 


Ejfev JULIANS 

V S. OF READING FOR 

JAGUAR 

XJSVt*ettrio<*LCa!Kb^ S42BS 

■ iaXJnCI2C*MotoLMtaAsU/teaBC G24295 

■ 15»JB5i Xa to J Btotni^i(ATiuteffiyAX E1829S 

B5raX«Xftltooon(A»itafLAkABote Clft995 

*5(QXJS3J.®^mv5SDBC.KWift £*795 

85(C) XJS HE darvCOqMjtaAkOBC. ^»5 

8amKNHW3wnatth.ES(Mte B2J95 

B OW W OW IEOten&atiiyftloasl<ln.%OBC K1ft9S 

■ (gBOMBWOWAZCtee irtte tofcAteAlgW. WJB 

estcl SOVEREIGN 42. Sao«toata.OSaA£. £13485 

UtqaOVBeQNAZttBM^wNnESRHX^ own 

S5(TO1USNE.AntolopeMoa8NnAftwLAic12eOOg(n 

8S(nXJS32.R*gcft/doeridn. Ak OSC.4JXX}m.V £17285 

85(MXJB3JLRaBariWoa*tei.OBC.1MX)OM....A £17285 

84(B) XJS HE. WMa/btadi Alt OBC-SuwObi Sr E1M95 

«(A| XJS «.\Mitertri*.Ak:06C. 30000 m .V. ...... £132*3 

M W XJS3JLItoganl/(toori«kiaBC. H»W8200 tti; Of«6 

■ M BOVEteQN 42. SagriitanMi. BSft Alt ftOOftn^ . - . .£1M9S 
85 ffi SOKBIBQN 42. Artetopo*uclcjton.ESR Ate 1520021.. S15295 

■ MSOVnB(M42.Mng(pwmAto(UteAtoytelSo^..C1M85 
04 Cm SOviteOI 42. sWrirW^Ciutu. T^0tei..E142g 
84 g SOVMQB MLStarand/budorefc^ 14 Mb. i... 

W « SOvacKM IK. RM^doeshri. A£ 0«a25.00%2. tisras 

■ »JAOuiui42.8aBri3o^LMd»«ta»nto2JX»iE. > .^4^ 

Bt m XJ8HL Raring oreanffteoft. Ate ajOOm.rr., . ■ ft.ftUJW 

■ PO XJ12 HE. Bte*feOU« ESa Aloys 33200 m . i' .. A«T285 

CALL ANDREW JARVIS 
0734585011 MON-SATl^| 

0836 205864 SUN 

lTT/ WMMfWB'ftGBIT 


General 


THE WOODBRIDGE COLLECTION 

rmSKmCT3ridwiWiri» sett brig* ftFSiSWrottsoriti or fiUDD 

RaUSKnCEStedo>l794EJXX)inb,lwqftxii«ihida,annpttttttriDUS. Xtott 

MSKS1ES190Bro i Xlig.HH(HWML4a2B,D0lteli 1 Ml XWM 

IB9traB»2LnTteknariDftettNHn.F9(.Rn«*Mrii £tU» 

HBtCH«35DSLftuda« TO ita3ZI«lBff.aS^ aura tare, ro»(r*wL WW 

H8Cn8SE.Yragttete,BqrM.toaBt(aofttete.ariiAF8KB*t. £*W* 

nca8gSBDLUMV.EK(riHn0L loai, FSH tW5 

PORSQCBii Cues. 1 ora. FEK«Nk,UIuo4(Ik bster ipoRunb. WB 

KR80Eni*gi6te«R)cton l ptt.ctertrittraLteiMbttlteterinktt,FSH HIM 

BHW735SE. n.<wgagwLBto.lDrito*c.Ca(tn*r£3LOORriiriuO CBJfiO 

UnUSEVRTliQo.Mx'M.B.dur&kriiia^aAiritDMvFBHnrinka ttt* 

Usual facilities & exchanges 

WOODBRIGE OF BIRMINGHAM 

0214494227 


DESIGNER CARS 


A8nU01E___ 

vwoQLPanaoit. 


JIM EORDXXL. 
JBA* BBCORTXM. 


mneoT3Mon( 


JMtf 


Low cost tease, HP, lease purchase, tax free sties, LHD/RHO 

40VH8tDnPtBCB,LQ«idea.8WI. 01-311 2021. TetotlWa 


DEf.1 ON ST RATIONS NATIONWIDE ' / 


OUR SUNDAY TIMES HAM-1PM. 
BROOK STREET; BRENTWOOD {0277} 21B1S1 



Daimler Vanden Ptas 4-2, 83 
38,600 rrds, Dark blue, good 
condition, company main- 
tained 

JaguarXJB 4-21 884 B Reg 
18,000 rnSes, metaflic grey 
Auto, good condition, com- 
pany maintained 

Tel 01 -407 7050 


JAOUAR J DAIMLHL 


ttteOLri 46. £5.960 to 


{981-1986. 

“6.96010 
TteJ 01- 


£17.000 

P P4 

XJBNE LYHX CBHWHI t S3. aWOT C 
gOOCt^OOO roib. rgH. *30.000. Ot- 


62 AUTO, a res. l 

Sa?9S?NoSS Motor Co. 021 373 1! 

6491. Sun OZ1 4871900. 


JAGUAR XJS HL AJUteCttw OBlatoM 

wrtn mtecMiiB bodridn. unrior 
1200 Bib. C Off. 1986. 

SS2M30. (0602) 


votarad. £22 JK 
Sunday 83739*. 


VERY LOW MOJEAQE. 18 

re*. Made JaaXlS cab wllh Hack 

nood, whubSob non npnoteiffv * 

e JUia a. SenattW efferg 
Hsattoy oarer Newborn 740. 


A TYPE ROADSTER. 1968. Had. 
‘ Briar, bbubp u i 
US jOOOpbb. 


wpri* maarinr . w aa aw jre 


DAIMLER 42 VAUPEN PLAB. 1983 

m so™- sand. cnocoiaM tat. 
Crutte coMroL rieeme area. 40.000 

(prlvalcl. 


■Ms. Aa uewr. ciej 
Cn. 


ifEW ermosi cx models 

CX 20 RE saloon 
CXS)&d*ri wKhrircon. 
CX 25 TM Safari Auto 

CX 25 QTI Auto, Stioon 


DtoCQ CX ■ QT t^Auto, 

IMS CX SS TW Sriert Aula. M 
ratem CS260 

jlMQi M Prottaa A ate, afcgij 

ISM CX 2S Mtea Ante QL750 
1882 CX M SaM Aala 


1988 VtaaCmrartSMe, rati CS2» 

CftroSn 1 * No 1 Dsaitr 

01-7496091 


TOYOTA SUPflA, Aug 86. 
Wldtr LOOO mb 3 ytmr « 

off Ha 

^ for Mb, Td 
anytime. 


ASTON MARTIN. AMV 8,. 
TeumnellBi Mua. 33.0 

Htere. Mgr tatartar. 


ROVOI SJS Bta* 

mwaror grncrcf.ounta Lady 

fi owner. Makere guamtae. £6200. 
06643 2£1 


PERSONAL 

IMPORTS 

Sovs EETs on moGt makes 
-AS cars- R.HJL, factory 

btdh, U.K spedfications. 
Ptsass Insist on ganutne 
deWJed, written quotes. 
For frta brochura please 
call 

01-248 2025 

Open 7 day* 


USED CAR TRADERS 

Group has large fleet of 
company cars. Mi Renauits. 
Ail models. 1, 2 & 3 year old. 
Well maintained. 

Trt 8472 78111 (T) 

*H9MBA QUMTIT 1M1. meMUc 
(toe. 23.000 attic*, ffac mm net. 



rd (0322) 78948. 


Dattl'd (0322) 1 

-Hf «i ■ I-BU9ARU SUBARU SUBARU. Naw 
>85 4wd. BAH Motara. Umtion** 


IT. 

HONDA PHBLUDB teS l_ _ 

tec. SttvCT.^itjy^tow | Main Apr nr. 01-4466671. 


£6280.01402 

FpmAfl SOB 87L t 

"79/80 mMte. Mil 

oaaeai-aaarn. 


£8.999. (0603) 8 8 0 3 09. 


















































A time for flowers. 

^Interflora 

'■Ss? More dim woras can 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


PERSONAL COLUMNS 

1ST Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-8373333073311 


HOUDATC AND VILLAS 


""“"as 

2001 


i p SCJlt to- 
ES 

fajnn Road 

WC1X8EZ 


urtS P-atVSl 

KS2TiSSS3,»r i 

Annwiioemenia tan be rrcwvrt by 

Jclojlione botwvmi 9 00 am and 
8.3Qpm. Monday 10 Friday, on 
Saturday between p.OOam and 
•2-OOnoon. '83T 3311 cnlyj. For 
ou DU cation th* renewing day. 


ESRTHCPWNG MARMAQE8. 
WEDom s, etc. on Court and 
Social Pago. £8 ■ Una «■ 15* VAT. 
Court and Social P»te 
announcements can not be 
weened by telephone. Enquiries 

lo: Q1-S3T 1234 Eic 7TI4. 

Meet other classified advertise 
ments can be arretned my 
it icon one The deadline tt 5.00pm 
3 days prior to publication ti.e. 8.00 
Dm Monday (or wounradayj. 
Should you wish to send an 
advertisement in writing please 
include your daytime 'phone 
number. Every endeavour wtu be 
mode lo insert advertisements on 
dates requested but cannot be , 
ousraniccd. Readers are advised to 
sattsty UiciTBCtves as to the 
Informanon contained In 
Mvenisementv or lo wrk 
proTeuional Ml vice, before entering 
IMP apy commiunenl. 


BIRTHS 

ASHTON - On January M to lane 
ijw* Scanttrbury) and Hubert - a son 
■Hubert SamueJl. 

BARROW - On Min January at 
Epsom District Hospital lo Mniwsl 
inee Lucel and Douolas. a son. 
Douglas Alexander Luce. 

GOUGHEY — On January Id at Royal 
United Hospital. Bath. 10 Chrtaate inee 
Williams) and John iBIuei. s son. 
J ohn Ch arles, a brother for Tom. 
BRITTEN on January 91ti 1986 to 

Susan inee O'Connor i and Simon, a 

wn. Harry Robert, half brother ror 
Tern and Martha 

CHARLTON. - On lBth January. 
1986. In Copenhagen. IP Pamela 'nee 
Clarkel and NIC. a son. Evan 
Augustus. 

COATES. - On January 7U,. 1986. to 
Mark and Penny inee Aitardj - a non. 
Matthew Uoyd David. 

CRANE - On January 1 2th. to Sarah . 
tnee Dawsoni and Sean - a son. Toby 
Oliver aovts. 

EDDLESTONE - On January «h 
1986. at Edith Watson Maternity 
CntL Burnley, to Gillian (rite 
Hutchinson i and Christopher. a son. 
Charles Richard Hutchinson, a 
aroOHjr for Sarah. I 

BOEL - on January dth to Debra Jane 
and Wlshav a son Karctn. 

HARRIS. - On January 16th 1984. at 
Pembury Hospital h'enL to EOeen 
into Colbyl and Robert a daughter 
Jessica Emily. 

HARROP-GItlFFmiS - On January 
Id. at the Royal Free HospUai. 
Hampstead, lo Valerie (nie Luioti- 
and Huron /Tony! a son (James 
Alexander!. 

HERZKL - On January 16th lo Anita 
and Stephen, a daughter. Rtchenda 
Grace. 

HOLT. - On -tan nary 3rd to Georgina 
hj*e Lancaster) and Ptilbp. a son. 
Gavin Philip. 

LEONARD. - On January 14. 1966. to 
Patricia inee Seccombc and Jade at 
Greenwich, another son. piers 
Edmund, a brother for Christopher. 
James and Benedict. Deo gratia*. 
MOATE - On January MUi. 1986. to 
Aurtol (nee Cram and Roger, a 
daughter. Sophie Diana. 

PAUL - On January 13th to Ann into 
Sellgmaii) and John, now living m 
Singapore, a daughter. Katherine 
Sarah, a sister for Richard. 

PRICHARD - on January I9th to 
Judith cites Salt) and William, a 
datiatitrr. 

STACY- MARKS, on January !6th ai 
the General Hospital. Eastbourne, lo 
A lexan dra and Adam, a son. 

WATTS - On January 1 5th In 
Stanford. California, to Michael and 
Alison mte Hemphill), a son (PhUtp 
John). 

WELLER. - On Jan 9. 1986. to 
Marilyn (nee Voaden) A Richard, at 
Okehamptori. a daughter - Jasslca. 


BIRTHDAYS 



LOWEST FARES 
WORLDWIDE 

Frankfurt 




DISCOUNTED FARES 
JPT M-jHG /HAH SB ISS 

KAKQBI £220 CSSS 

CAIRO £130 £200 

KHARTOUM etas can 

LAGOS £220 £320 

DELHI -BOM £226 £ 330 

BANGKOX £186 £320 

DOULA £- £420 

and many more „ 

. AFPO-AS1AN TRAVEL LTD. 

1 *2/168 Regent SL London W.l. 

01-437 8235/6/7/8 

Lsts + group bookings welcome 
Amex/vtoa/dlncn 


AIR TICKET SPECIALIST 

New York £249 Jo - burg £46B 

L«Ang £339 Nairobi £360 

Sydney £639 Bangkok £flwo 

Auckland £7d0 Toronto £249 

dart air 

1 30 Jcrniyn Street. SW1 
Pimm: 01-839 71 44 (8 Bneai 


UP. UP & AWAY 
Nairobi, J 4 W 9 . Cairo. Dubai, te- 
tanoid. Singap o re. K. I Dean. 

Bangkok. Hang Kong. Sydney. 
Europe A the Americas. Flamtoo 
Travel. 3 New Quebec SL MVW 
Arch. London WSH 7DO. 

01-402 9217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10.00.13.00. 


FLAT SHARING 



BARGAIN AIR FARES 

New York '£M7o.'w £260 rtn 

L Angeles £180 o/w £346 rtn 

Toronto £153 o/w £2E6rtn 

Joljurg £264 g/w £466 rtn 


Toronto £163 o/w £2E6rtn 

Jolting £264 a/w £468 rtn 

Sydney £399 o/w £670 rtn 

Auckland £406o/w craa rtn 
Demi £230 a. ‘w £375 rtn 

Cairo £1400, w £216 rtn 



ikofc £210 O/w £350 Tin 

Svtv £99 o/w £169 rtn 

Many other bargains 

DECKERS TRAVEL 
Tel: 01-370 6237 


.AIRFARE SPECIALISTS 

O/w R eturn 
Sydney £426 £770 

Auckland £480 £774 

Bangkok £206 £330 

Jo-butg £264 £470 

Loa Angeles £177 £380 

LONDON FLIGHT CENTTE 
131 Earls Court Road. SW6 
Phone: iOI) 370 6332 


LOST PARADISE 

IN NORTH AFRICA 
The iirapam talc or DMrba has de- 
serted beaches, palms, hours of 
sun. hotels, pools, tennis, rtdtng and 
windsurf: specials 20 Jan lit £69 
hot £179 h/b £30 OS 2 Wk hOI 27 
Jan-Feb-1 0 Mar. 

LATE TOURS ATOL 1933 

01-441 0122 (24 hr? 



SEYCHELLES. £549 H/B. January 
specials 01-836 4363. Holiday 

Islands. ATOL 2051. 


FLIGHTS FROM UK AIRPORTS. 

Canaries. Spain. Portugal. Graeco. 
Many tele special offers. Folder OI- 
471 0047. ATOL 164a Accra/ 
Vlsa/Amex. 


COST CUTTERS on nights, 'hob to 
Europe. USA and aU dcsilnattons. 
Dtatamat Travel. 01-730 2201. 
ABTA. IATA. ATOL 1366. 


LOW COST njQHTS. Most European 
destinations. Can Vatennder 01-402 
0062. ABTA. ATOL 196a 


LOST UFKAS* the most tawtHU 
place you've never heard of. 
Summers 86 -01 -44 1 01 22 -24ltr. 


CHEAP FARES worldwide. Phi 
E xpress. 01-439 2944. 


wen aotabOabed Introductory servdte. 
Please ttMnm far Kit 01 -689 
5491 . 313 Brampton R6.8W3. 

SUFFOLK - Nr StownurkeL Mature 
person. 30*o+. lo share cottage with 1 
other. £3Qpw euL 01-674 3949 
evening. 

DULWICH. Monday-mday. sote nu 
of fenny I bed flat. COO pw. Return- 
JSS depose A refit remurad ( 0202 ) 
687514 eyes. 670 6381 wlunda. 

CLAPHABIJ Large comfortable double 
room in GH vfeU •ouIbmmI In e_ avii 

01-225 91 66 (after 7pnu 

BROMLEY. O/r hi attractive ahrd flat. 
AH amena. 4 rnlns BR. 25 mins 
Clty/W End. £35 pw + li bdH 460 
Ml Seven. 

HAMPSTEAD, Flask Walk. Share hoc 
lot & gdn- 1 mtn Tube- Own toe 
sunn y rra. Gult mature prof M. 
£7Smv. me. 01-4300742. 

CLAPHAM, SW11. Prof M to don 
mam toe. O/R- £i56gcm cod. Ol- 
223 8249 aftar 6JOpm. 

WANDSWORTH COMMON. O/R- 
n/S Prof Peru In sadaia tlonachoM. 
£ 160pm. 01-8705753. 

MARKLe ARCH, ante rra tn lovely 
BemBbuse flat. Mon-Frt only: £47 pw 
tad. -439 6391. X 249 day. 

W11. S/c flat offered In return fan- 
atic chores In family bouse. 01-727 
4736. 

TWICKENHAM. Prof F 26+. N/S. 
O/R. T mtns HH itry ch bouse, gdn. 
£160 pan. Ol 892 4864 after 6pm. 

NW4. m/F raoutrad to snare tgo lux 
flat. £60 pw excL Tab Mbs Roberts 
458 8448. 

DULWICH Prof M/F over 25 N/B. 
O/R In lovely web egtdppod bouse. 
CH. C4Spwnd. 261 3218 day. 

WIMBLEDON. 3rd person N/S lo 
share tax fit. O/R. £75 pw tad. Tel: 
8793298. 

PARSONS GREEN. M/F. O/R. lux 
house. Cieopan tad. Tel 01-736 
1481. 

BWS. Dbte roo m to newts' couv gdn 
flat, dow to tube: cJu DO pw. - Sm 
3662 day. 

OLYMPIA - F 26+ own dbte ro om In 
lux Oat. £ 200 pcm too. 602 0600 

after 7pm. 

WHITER. M. 40 N/S. quiet. aeaks 
dvfilud share around £160pcm. 8W. 
W, NW. Tal 360 2966. 

SWTS - Lux dbte rm In toe CH gdn Oat 
for n/s prof tS). 87 \ 3759. 

WCt. 2 ras. CH. £68. £46 pw or £98 
art*, n/s. 388 37BO eves. 

EALING WB. Prof M/F. N/S. to shddn 
flat. CH. £170 pern eari. 840 T72B. 

W1 Large single awn roam hoc house 
aulet square. £80 pw tacL 387 1699. 

FULHAM. F. share room tat lively CH 
fteL £106 pcraaco. 38 1 1770. 


DOMESTIC AND CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


Couple required for vnaB 
modem city tauSring- lor 
housekeeping and light cattrtM 
duties. Stiver service ind driving' 
licence advutagoous. but not 
•sssntw. EsweOsm s«if 
contained flat Salary nsgoteblB, 

Piets* apply urgently to: Tb* 
Sscratxy LD.C. Lid, H Hatton 
Qdna London ECl, 


CHAUFFEUR 

RoQs Roycc qualified 
Chauffeur required for 
buameanuui in Wentworth. 
Must have previous 
experience. Salary 

negotiable. 

Send CV to: 


HAMMERSMITH W 4 

This beautSUI «d « Wnsce b^setrai. 


4 6 OPEN 7 DAYS 

"A'WEPK.- 



14 Radand Mesa, 
Sooth Loudon, SW7INZ. 



DOCKLANDS Mi * »»«»*, S ir 52£i 
out tbe docklands ana to lot From 

Ci qag w^DgfaaiutdgPtBuenyCanire 


IMmvicM flat. TV. Aytoicrd & 

0x367 2383. 


F- W. SAPP (Mo na ge m ata Ss rvteg l 
Ltd require properftes to Contra. 
South and West London arusfer 
waKlng mpKcanb. TaJ-Ol 221 8838. 


HOUDAY FLATS thim SUjO Rf Lj 
NW/Osmnl London- oi 794ilB6or 


DOMESTIC AND CATERING 
SITUATIONS REQUIRED 



EDUCATION 


E.FJL Too chars required mmadtetuy. 
Southern Germany. Interview 
London Saturday. J anuar y 18. 1986 

Tel. 01-034 6700. 


EDUCATIONAL COURSES 




MALAGA. TENERIFE, LANZAROTE. 
01-441 nil Trav el wise. ATOL 17B6. 


USA XMAS. From £256 return. - 
Major Travel. 01-4889237. IATA- 


LANZAROTE. MALDIVES Holiday 
tshUMtl 01-836 4383. ATOL 2061. 


CHEAP FUGHTS WORLDWIDE. 

Haymarket Travel 01 950 1366. 


RESISTA CARPETS 
SALE NOW ON 


Manlve storm of wool Handed 
Berbers from £3.95 m yd * VAT. 
+ Many Bargain! In room sizes In 
ouaunes. 


RESISTA CARPETS 

265 New Kings Rd. 
Parson oreen. 

SW6. 

Tel: 01-731 2588 
Free estimate - Expert fitting 



TOPS SALE. Last wk. GEC video, full 
prog. 14-day. £319. colour TV# 14ln 
£169. 16Ui £189. 20ln Ram £265. 91 
Lower Sloane SL SW X . 730 0955. 



WINTER SPORTS 


SKI WEST STANDBY 
HOTLINE 

Instant bookings with Access it 
Bardoycard by ohone. cnatat par- 
ties in Verbter. st Anton. MeribeL 
GourChevel and Val d'teare. 

^ » £ |_ 

DRIprTvuKn HIT 

18 Jan £99 £139 

26 Jan £129 £169 

Also f/e bargains from £591 

SKI WEST 
0373 8648H 

ABTA 


SKI HO LIDAY 

NS-'ffSI ISVI'H 
1 Week to Moyrttofro Anatrta 
via Gatwlck/Munlch 
£99 H/ 8 ta private p en sion 
nccomnmtetton 
Phone for details: 

HARDS WINTER SPORTS 
021 -704 8222 

ABTA 33771 ATOL 162 


SKI BONNE NEIGE 

Offer catered Chatats ta Mertbol A 
Courchevel (Tom £io0 h/b 1 wk. 
£160 2 wka tad trevUL gnat food. 
imTui wine & exten sive guiding. 

BOO K NOW 

R1NC Ol -7332333 (OFFICE) - 
01-737 3861 CMHRSL 


SKJ BLADON LINES 

Save unto £180 
Chain Parties: £139 
SeUtatering: £99 

TeU 01-785 2200 



PUBLIC NOTICES 



rjiUti 


PALACE PROPERTIES 

We ion. superb selection * 
personally inspected ftmstetf ^ 
•Mtnisbetl properties n met# fs% 
ibsdatal tHatrias. ranging /w 
VWp*toE2jmp* 

Tel: 01-486 8926 




t' V, 1 f 


MAYFAHI W1. LUX B/c fteCL 2 b«tem. I 
abort W. -OL*W 2546 07- | porter . CM. £198 pw. Tel! oT^eg 

SOUTH KENSINGTON.' 1 bed n _ 
£tQ5 pw . M!n 9 mPO. 01-289 Safa 
ovf * wends or no reply oi jsU 


3*6 *000, 386 4000, 388 4000. Tta 
number to r ynember when aert^ 












ar.nJdf , j v, TrtfVmTi 



OUR READERS ARE MORE INTO 


TO GET MORE OF THEM INTO YOURS CALL: 
THERMS* TIMES 


LEGAL NOTICES 



COMPANY No 1 324269 
Ren a tered In Entfand 
In the Matin of the Companies Acte 
^ 1986 

• and In the Matter of Thol Marketing 
Lltnlled 

Regteteiwt office 2nd O0«x-. York 
House. Empire Way. Wesnbtey. 
Middlesex end Badness address: Suite 
2- Second Fleer. International House. 1 
St Katharines Way. London El 9UW. 
NOTICE IS HEREBY OVEN pursuant 
to Section 588 of the Companies Art 
1 9S6 lhat a tast Uuy of the eredftors of 
the above named company wen be hoto 
at 9 M am en Thursday. 23rd January 
1986 at the Rose A Crown HoteL HtgB 
street. Tonbridge. Kent for Die purpose 
m sn tto m ed In Section 589 ei *sg of On 

dated ms Oghlh day of J anuary 
By order of the Board 

J O’DONNELL 


CLASSIFIED 





I ENTERTAINMENTS 


Menorca, San-Jaime 
SMwrtteML Superb Ugh 
SwepooL 8 * ttoa ®‘ 1 DaUo - W 

£32,000. • 


MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 


SKI SKI MG witaJutan Morgan Travet 
fantastic chalets. 848. s/c. Prices 
from £99 pp. Jan departure tart i _ 
ffiBBt^mntfer. tang now for dstaJte. j BRAND NKW W German Schtaunel 
01^9 9 1911 or 0730 68621 or ere ) iwtgnt Dfano. model no 120- Spectal 
your travel agod. adn. l of only lOO manuf. Usl uric* 

1 wn 
£3.000. 0222 889221 eves. 



MARCH - MOftOINS - SwnzanamL 


J. DEGE & SONS 
SPECIAL OFFER 

a«bes ordered in iannaiy win bo 
reduced by 15% for pa j m c ni with 
order. Order now sad Sm. Please 
phone far your appointment 
1 6 Clifford St- 
Savite Row, London Wl. 

0I-7J4 2248. 


!VL4RKSON'S 
PIANO SALE 
IS NOT ONI 


WUi pneas cluastr than mast of 
our eempetKere’ tola prieos- who 
needs • Sale? LOO'S or uprtgnti 
and graxts to choose rrom. Take 
advantage of our untgeo htn wnii 
opnon n> perthose plan from only 
£16 per month. 

MARKSON PIANOS 

AD»xy Street. NWl THD|JUS86a3 

AitOfTYPUn K18. 78:01-854 *51 7 






^jrrf-pg 1 





LANGFORD ACKLAND 
‘Two Daz/lmg Performances'. D Ttl 




UX HOLIDAYS 


SALE. 

100% DISCOUNT? 

Don’t be fooled Many sale prices ait higher 
than our normal prices. Because at Oriental Carpets 
all our prices are tow. And now our Sale is on, prices 
are even lower. For example: Afghan Belouch - £12; 
Afghan Belouch (5' x 3') - £65; Turkish rugs (5' x 
3') - £70; Chinese Superwash (5' x 3'} - £199. 

Visit our stores now at 10 Golden Square, 
Piccadilly] London (td 01-439 9070); Maple 
and Co., Bristol; Waring and GiUow, 
Nottingham and Harrison and Gibson, 
High Road, Ilford (our new store). 


HEAVY SNOWFALLS! 
SKI BARGAINS 

CtaW partial bm £129 
So# caHma Horn EBB 
in ^aknm - Piy to endk on 
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ATOL 13333 



SADLER'S WELLS 278 8916 

CHA R LIE AND THE OtOCOLATE 


unu meapeuDA mu. Ls> bn. 
SOtUfiOft mabn pda 3 ft*. £1*0.000 apart 
jn nwverafoo. A dUs btdrms. 3 baths (2 
unite}. 200x1 SR. Shratfc Ift bin b£ 
ctimn. raeep; 23x21 ft dbte aspocr ZlxISfl, 2 

imu VSOCE BUHHFBO TO. Lga mod 
bn 2*00 gq it faring sodb own Ragus 
Qnl wDi aRractoi htxd gibi *- S0(t bnnac 
m gAn. lga mo + part- 3 Ada taring. 2 
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tar. ZQnxlGft. Gtntai Ariipwa. Ut Naff 
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WWHL lot dbte asp« IK. 3Z K 

tatatiB naww mm in monta. fh 

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CROUCH & LSS 

01493 9941 or 499 9381 


rtare>. Sun 7JO Royal 




PENELOPE KEITH 
MARE KINGSTON . 

TVJL_ ^ 


Tp j»a 


SEASONAL SALE 



§a HORSE RIDING 
HOLIDAYS 

W*r 


COUNTRY PROPERTY 





BEST MUSICAL OF THE 

VEAR 

8137 A MUSICAL 


THE CYR( S CAR ITT’ SALK 
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Come and choose a beautiful bargain 
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■EKVWam AfARTM«vr» 10 

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LUXURY KRVtCCD FLATS mitre) 
London trout £30 0 gw Rina Town ■ w 
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TH: 01-7S4 7HL ,- 


CtaMbMOD 













































































31 




THE TIMES FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


programmes 


Summaries by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


-• -Vfcfc 8.50 
■ 

5|| 




; -y., 'XJ 

920 

■ : -:;-c3 ib. is 


M5 


S r 5.10 


- g.ao 


6.00 CwfoxAM. 
fi.50 BrMkfitt'nme wmi Rank’ 

.. .Bough aftfJDebbte ... 
Greenwood Whether at 6^5. 
7.25, 7.55, *j»and8£Sr 
ratfonsJ omvs, weathar and 
traffic at W, 7 27 <7 J& and 
847; national and International 
news at 7JJ0, 7.30, 8JM, 830 
and 9JJ0; sport at 7.20 and 
tab Lynn Fauide Wood’s 
consumer r^jortatO.16; a 

review of the morning 
newspapers etS47.Ptus, 
i ways to dean up Britain's . 
taottnfi image; weekend 
shopping advice; 'phono-in 
gardening hints; and around- 

up ot pop music news. The 
- guest Is Tran Conti. 

020 Ceefax. 

ib. 15 Westland: the Vote. 11.16 
approxi ma tely Play School (rt. 
11-35 approximately Ceefax. 
'•V* 12L30 Newt After Nona with Frances 
Ckwerdsle and Moire Stuart 
includes news headlines with 
subtitles 12.55 Regional new*. 

1.00 Pebble. MU at One Among the 
itero Is a report by Peter 

Seabrook on hfe visit to the 
National Garden Festival at 
Stokfron-Trem 145 Kina 
I Roto. (0 1.50 Brio-a-Bree, (r) 
2.00 Ceefax IL52 Regional 
news. 

3.55 Ccaint Me In. Antony Johns 
presents a programme with a 
French flavour 4.10 
Heathcflffe-ThoCaL Cartoon 
4>15 Jackanoty. Bernard 
Crlbbfns wtth part five of 
Kenneth Grahama's The Wind 
in the WHtows. 4.30 Secrete 
Out The first In a new series . 
about odd hobbies. 

4.55 Newwound Extra. Roger Finn 
celebrates Concorde's tenth 
birthday. 

* 5.10 Orange HRL. Episode four of 
x i the 24-part drama series about 
the pupils and staff of a 
comprehensive school 
(Ceefax). 

5.35 Fjpd Bid Oddle, Wendy 
Lsavasley raid Billy Butler 
answer more questions sent In 
by young viewers. 

640 News with Sue Lawiey and 
Nicholas Wltchefl. Weather. 

6.35 London Plus. 

7.00 Wogen. Felicity Kendall, for 
the la&t time before Terry . 
returns from hte holiday rn the 
sunshine, is In the master's 
chair. Her guests include 
Robert Moriey, Peter 
Sohaufuss and pop group Five 
Star. 

7-30 Dynasty. A feature-length 
episode to set the scene tor 
the new series beginning next 
week - Dynasty II: The Coibys. 
The Carringtons and the' 

Cotoys gather in Denver for 
the formal announcement of 
the muttimRflon doflar ptpeflna 
deal. At theparty to celebrate 
the deal Jen sees Fallon 
arriving on the arm of his 
cousin Miles. Meanwhile, Dex . 
is arrested end tortured wHJa 
trying to rescue KJngGaleo, 
and Adam Is cut out of Blake's 
will- because he married - 
Claudia (Ceefax). ' . . 

5-00 News with John Homphrys - ' ■ 
and Andrew Harray. Weather. 
9.30 Loyjoy.The free- w heeling - 
antiques dealer buys a Wash ' 
dresser 4n which is hidden a 
valuable Arab weddng head- 
c dress. Catesby, the recently 

■■ released from prison son of 

the dead man whose property 
was being sold at auction, 
says that he was promised the 
dresser and Lovefoy salts the 
piece bade - without the head- 
dress. Catesby goes looking 
for Lovajoy, armed with an 
axe. (see Choice). 

10.20 Victoria Wood - As Seen on 
TV. Wonderful comedy 
sketches and songs from the 
talented comedienne (r). 

10.55 Fflirc Lady Carofine Lamb 
(1972) starring Sarah Miles, 

Jon Finch ana Richard 
Chamberlain. An account of 
the life of the eariy 19 th 
century beauty and her affair 
with Lord Byron. Directed by 
Robert Bolt 13L55 Weather: * 


Tv-am 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anna Diamond 
and Nick Owen. News with 


HS MOk M0 and 
948; exercises at 640 and 
9.17; sport at &35 and 744: 
cartoon « 744; pop videc at 
745 ; Mgel Dempster’s gossip 
Jimmy 

Greaves's tetevtefen ItWiJWtts 

at044f fte best of TV-am* 
first twoyearsat 8-45; Woman 
of tile Week. Alero Jadesrrrine, 


ITV/ LONDON 


845 Thames trews headlines. 

9-30 F or Sc hooler the natural 
history of ordinary 
surroundings. JW7 How we 
used to five, 1049 Junior 
maths: lines. 1046 Adds and 
acM rain. 1IL48 Different views 
of Tennyson’s The Charge of 
fiw Light Brigade. 11.15 
Picking, packing and storing 

fruh. 1147 The problems ' 
encountered when cleaning a 
car or a double-decker bus. 

11.44 Uses of computers. . 

12.00 Heggerty Haggerty. George 
Cole with another tale about 
the friendly witch (ij. 1Z10 
Rainbow. Leamingabout 
packaging w«i the aid of 
puppets. 

1240 Here to Stay. In the third 

programme of Trevor Hyatt's 
series 00 Britain's minority 
communities he talks to a 

group tf London West Indians. 

140 News afOne wtth Leonard 
Paridn. 140 Thames news 
from Lindsay Chariton. 

140 FBre The Calendar* (1948) 
starring Grata Gynt and John 

McCaitum. A gambler, 
deserted by hie girlfriend after 
he loses as his money at the 
races, decides to get his own 
back by fixity a race and 
getting the girl to back the 
wrong horse.- Directed by 
Arthur Crabtree. 3.00 Mr and 
Mrs. Quiz game for married 
couples, presented by Derek 
Batey. 3.25 Thames news 
heactiinea. 340 Sons and 
Daughters. 

4.00 Rainbow'. A repeat of the 

. programme shown at 12.10. 

4.15 The Telebugs. Cartoon 
series. 4.25 Woridwise. 
Computer geography contest, 
presented by David' Jensen 
(Oracle). 440 The Best of 
Behind the rate Sheds (r). 

5.15 Blockbustsrs. 

5.45 News with Carol Barnes. 

640 The 6 O’clock Show. 

740 Albion Maricsf. Louise Is seen 
wtth a mystery man (Oracle). 

7.30 Mutter, She Wrote: Tough 
Guys Don’t Die. Crime writer 
Jessica Fletcher feeta 
responsible for the death of a 
private detective working for 
her on a case and decides to 
find the killer herself . 

840 Constant Hot Water. Comedy 
series starring Patricia : • , . 

- Phoenix, and PruneHa Gee as 
- rival seaside boarding hdUsd' 
owners' (Oracle). iL. • 

'940 The-Gemt* Touch. Maggie - 
Forbes has to win the trust oil 

... . * young French woman in 

• Order to save.an Important 
. wttness on .the run from the 
German pones and a gang of 
pomographers(r) (Oracle). , 

10.00 News *t Ten wtth Sandy Galt 
and Pamela Armstrong. 
Weathar. . 

1040 .The London Programme. John 
Taylor assesses the pros and 
cons for the south-east of a ■ 
Fixed Link across the Channel. 
Followed by LWT news 
headlines. 

1140 South of Watford. The first of 
a new series and Hugh Laurie ' 
immerses himself in the 
Media. 

1140 Special Squad. A member of 
the Squad Is murdered after 
Infiltrating a drugs ring. Who 
was responsible for revealing 
his identity? ■ 

1245 New from London. The rock 
band IQ tt concert 

140 Night Thoughts. 


.mw: 

mm. il 


Richard Burton: Look Back 
In Anger, Channel 4. 1 1 40 pm 


• THREE PAINTERS (BBC 2. 
9.35pm) tsbedcm a second series, 
-and vwy wefcomeit fes, too: I won't 
pretend that 1 think that YQcaHy, Sir 
Lawrence Sowing is God’s raft to - 
programme presenting, but I am 
more than happy toput up with r 
lack pfstutfio style ifit means an 
' abandance of authority, and that is 
what Informs his essay tonight on 
Bruegel, the Elder. With no more 
than a coupia of brush strokes, Sir 
Lawrence gets the essence of the 

man: a painter who captured the * 

grotesque normality of Uves like 
ours; a tainter of species more 
than of IndMduaJa; the fast artist to 
make nature vfsible.’To confirm 
these truths, Michael Sanders's 
camera explores half a dozen 
canvases, while Cofin WaldecK’s 
camera goes bade to Nature and 
the schoolyard fq search of real-fife 
resonances. No lofty lecture this. 


...CHOICE 


Rather a layman's approach to 
great art 

• LOVEJOY (BBC 1,940pm) is 
about the antiques business, but it 
does not even inhabit the same 
world as the old globe that 
benevolently, used to contain 
Arthur Negus, in Jonathan Gash's 
antiquarian milieu, people cannot 
teH Welsh dressers from Welsh 
rarebit; dealers wilt pull the Persian 
rugs from under one another, and 
crazy axemen roam the 
countryside hunting for stolen Arab 
wedding headdresses festooned 
wih ducats. Definitely the shady 
end of the antiques market then. 
But as this skulduggery goes on 

under the banner of comkly, we 
cannot honestly jump on our soap- 
boxes and start complaining that 
wtth crooks fiks these on the make. 


it is no small wonder that what was 
once called Junk is now sold as 
treasure. Tonight’s episode is 


Radio 3 


0 


6.55 WBBther. 740 News. 

7.05 Morning Concert Salm-Saans's 


usuaRy cast in gloomy rotes, can 
handle a humorous line as to the 
manner bom. 

• Radio choice: David Puttnam, 
producer of movies like Chariots of 
Fire and The Kitting Fields, reveals 
an altogether different aspect of his 
life in WOMAN'S HOUR (Radio 4. 
240pm). For champion of British 
film industry, read champion of 
rural England. . . There is a second 
chance to hear Tony Parker talking 
to some people who went against 
the tide during the last war. 
CONCHIES (Radio 4, 1 1 .00am) 
examines their feelings then, and 
their thoughts now. . . 

Peter Davalle 



1 Part one. Musics TranEaJpina. or 

The Italian influence in England 
from Dowland to Unrite.t 
8.10 Venturing Forth: Mylanwy Talog 
I reads Ham Pritchard Jones's 

Story. 

840 Concert tart two .T 

9.1S BBC Philharmonic (under Edward 
1 Downes). Sandor Befassa’s 

! Three Fantasies tor orchestra: 

Beethoven's Symphony No 4.t 
H0.15 New Premises: Stephen Games's 
arts magazine (r). 

11.00 Emil Gaels: piano recorttnga. 

Brahms's Piano Concerto No 2 m 
B flat (wtth Berlin Philharmonic 
under Jochumk Bach's Prelude 
NolOtoEmfoor. BWVB55. 
arranged by SBotl.t 
1147 News. 1240 Closedown. 


CHANNEL 4 


940 Cwfitx. 

946 Daytime on Two: Part two of a 
French language course. 942 
The second pvt of Richard 
Carpenter's drama. The Boy 
from Space. 10.15 Maths: 
surface and tessellations. 
1048 Tudor ships and 
seamen: 1140 A dramatized 
version of a Border baUad. 
1142 The deeflna of Cleveland 
as one of the leading industrial 
cities of the United Slates. 
TL44 AprofHe of three young 
people' who are caring and 
helping in the community. 

12.05 Ml c rotechnotogy. presented 
by Ian McNaught-Davls. 1245 
Tim O'Shea of the Open 
- University discusses 
computers to education (ends 
at 1.00). 1.10 Science: 
radioactivity. 143 A Russian 
< version for the reasons for 
world tension, 240 What has 
happended to the gang fast 
filmed six years ego when . 

■ aged 147 240 English: the 
. power of language. 

2.50 Ceefax. 

540 News summary with subtitles. 

545 Fibre Elephant Boy* (1937) 

. starring Sabu and Walter 
Kudd. Adventure story about a 
whtte hunter planning to 
capture a herd of elephants as 
' "they move northwards through 
the Jungle-Directed by Robert 
Flaherty and Zottan Korda. 

740 Micro Live from the Which 
Computer? show at the 

■ National Exhibition Centre. 

740 Ebony presented by Juliet 

Alexander previews Monday's 
first national holiday in the 
' United States in memory of 
Martin Luther King - King Day; 
and Sokarl Douglas Camp, the 
Nigerian-born sculptress Is 
seen at work In her studio. 

8.00 Tales from Wales: The Pit, 
based on a story by Gwyn 
Jones. The story of a man on 

. holiday who becomes 
distracted by a young wife at 
his lodgings... 

'840 Gfirdeftifrr World, presented 
by Graham Rose and Roy 
Lancaster from Crarae, Argyll, 
Filmed over three uncommonly 
sunny days toMfiy, tonighTs 
' fflm Slows tits' gardens of £ir 
llay and Lady Campbell at their 
■ '-mostspeettebutar; 

9.00 Tom O’Cgrtnor takes a wry 
look at technology. 

945' Throe Painters. The first of a 
new aeries In which Sir 
'Lawrence Gowing examines . . 
ihe works of three painters - 
<5oya, Matisse and, tonight, 
Breughel, the Bder. (see 
"Choice). . 

10.15 Did You See . . .7 presenljed 
by Ludovic Kennedy. Harry 
Carpenter comments on Hold 
. the Back Pagel: Shirley 
. Hughes talks aboAThe Wind 
In the Widows; and Richard 
Rogers reviews Assembled In 
Britain, 

1140 Newsnlght 11.45 Weather. 

11.50 FHmrHett is a City* (1 959) 
starring Stanley Baker as a 
pofica Inspector determined to 
' arrest an escaped criminal 
• who WUe a girl during an 
- armed robbery. Directed by 
Val Guest Ends at 1 40. 




Radio 4 


8 


240 A Question- of Economics. 

The second programmed 
" Peter Donaldson's an Zeinab 
BadewTs series designed to 
take the mystique out of 
. modem economic Jargon. The 
subject of earnings is tackled . 
today «■ 

3.00 Friday Concert. Three Brahms 

■ Llader recitals - 
Vofltskfnderfleder, Volksfleder. ■ 
andUebesRederwaizsrare . 
performed by Edith Mathis 
(soprano), Brigitte Fassbander 
(contralto), Peter Schreler 

. . (tenor) and Barry McDaniel . 
(bass), accompanied by Karl 
Engel and Heinz Madjlmorec. 
'440 Countdown. Challenging 
- yesterday's winner of the 
words and numbers game is 
freelance Journalist John 
KraJevich from Stilton near 
Peterborough. 

5.00 I Dream of Jaannle. General 
Patterson is celebrating ten 
years as general and Tony is 
put in charge of the 
entertainments. 

5.30 The Tube, presented by Jools 
Holland and Paula Yates. 

• Among groups performing this 
week are a new band, 5T A, 
and one from Australia, Inxs. 

7.00 Channel Four news Includes 
thermits of a poll on whether 
or not Leon Britten should - 
resign. . 

740 Right To Reply. Management 
consultant Hugh Davidson 
accuses Patrick Youden's 
Assembled In Britain of being 
superficial and glib. 

8.00 Whet the Papers Say. Casting 
a critical eye over how the 
Press has treated the week's 
news is Jofia LangdonpfThe 
Mirror. 

8.15 A Week In Pofitici presented 
by Peter Jay. Ths Westland 
crisis and what Tory party 
members tael about it. 

"940 Brothers. American comedy 
. , series about three brothers, 
one a rugged, right wing 
construction worker, the 
second a retired football 
player, now a restaurant 
owner, the third a student Bind 

■ a homosexual. 

9-30Jxardeners' Calendar 

presented by Hannah Gordon. 
Among the topics tackled 
. tonight by thu Wlsley experts- 
are coping with frost and 
.snow. (Orede). 

1040 Agony. Comedy series- 
-■ v. .V .starring Maureen Lipman as 
•■{he agony aunt who cannot 
' start out her own problems (r) 
(Oracle). 

1040 From the Horaeb Mouth. An 
exantination of the Minnesota 
Method of treatment for those 
addicted to alcohol or drugs. 
With contributions from Mrs 
_ Betty Ford, Anthony Hopkins, 
and Bany Humphries (Oracle). 

1140 Film: Look Back in Anger* 

' (1959) starring Richard Burton, 
Claire Bloom and Mary Lira. 
Powerful version of John 
' Osborne's successful stogB 
. . play about Jimmy Porter, a 

market stallholder, dissatisfied 
. with Dfe and his wife. Directed, 
by Tony Richardson. Ends at 
140. 


On long wave, t also VHF etareo. 

5JS5 Shipping. SJU News Briefing; 
Weathar. 8.10 Farming. 64$ 
Prayer.t . 

6.30 Today, hd 640. 740, 8.30 News. 
6.45 Business News. 645, 74S 
Weather. 740, 840 News. 745, 
845 Sport 745 Thought lor the 
Day.845 Yesterday to 
Partemem. 840 Your Lenars. 
847 Weather; TraveL 

9.00 News. . 

9.05 Desert Island Discs. Michael 
Parkinson telks to the young 
vtofinist Nigel Kennedy (ri-t 
945 The Armada Revenged. Third of 
six talcs on Spain by Ray Gos&ng 

10.00 Intern a tional Assignment. 


1040 Morning Story: (The Man on the 
Telephone’ by Mary Freeman. 
Read by Jonathan CetiL 

10.45 Daty Service (New Every 

Morning, page 25). t 

11.00 News: Travel; Conchies. Whan 
war broke out in 1939, a number 
of men and women felt unable to 
take pan in IL Tony Parker talks 
a» seven of them (n- 

11.48 Natural Selection; Flea Business. 
With John Maunder. 

12.00 News: Ths Food Programme. 
Derek Cooper seeks the essence 
of coffee. 

1247 in One Ear. Comedy show (r%t 
1245 Weather: 

140 The World At One: News. 

1.40. The Archers. 145 Shipping. 

2.00 News; Woman’s Hoe- from 
Bristol. Includes an Interview with 
Da vld Puttnam. fikn producer and 
President of the Council lor the 
Protection of Rural England. 

3.00 News: The Screech Owls by 
Honort Do Balzac. Dramatized (n 
four parte (3). With Anna Louie# 
Lambert and Andrew Seear (r).t 

4.00 News. 

445 Frank Muir Goes Into .. . 

Sentimentality. With Allred Marks 
t(rt. . 

440 Kaleidoscope. Arts magazine * 
presented by Paul Vaughan (last 
night's edition repeated). 


includes comment on the fBm 
Peppermint Freedom and the 
Reynolds exhibition at the Royal 
Academy (r). 

540 PM: News magaane. 540 

Shipping Forecast. 5.55 Weather. 

6.00 News; Financial Report. 

640 Going Places. Clive Jacobs and 
his team monitor the world of 
travel and transport. 

7.00 News. 

745 The Archers. 

740 Pick Of The Week. TV and radio 
extracts presented by Margaret 
Howard, f 

840 Law In Action. Joshua Rozenberg 
presents the weekly magazine 
(new series). 

IL45 Any Questions? Sir Dawd 

English, Nicholas Hinton, John 
Edmonds and Marghanita Lasfci 
tackle issues raised by the 
audience in Swindon. WQtshlre. 
Chairman; John Timpson. 

940 Letter From America by Alistair 
Cooke. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Arte magazine 


Includes comment on the new 
production of Moses by the ENO 
at the London Cofiseum, and the 
film The Sure Thing. 

10.15 A Book Ar Bedtime: Praises, by 
Elizabeth Tayfor. Read by Lolly 
CockerelL 1049 Weather. 

1040 The World Tonight. 

11.00 Today In Parflament. 

11.15 The Rruindal World Tonight 
1140 Week Ending. Satirical look back 

at the week's news.t 
1240 News: Weather. 1243 Shipping 
Forecast 

VHF (available In England and S 
Wales oaly) as above except 
545-6. DOam Weather; Travel. 
11.00-1240 For Schools: 11.00 
Singing Together. 1 140 
Conservation - Now! 11 .40 The 
Music Box. 1140 See For 
Yourself. 145440pm For 
Schools: 145 Listening Corner. 
245 Let's Join In. 245 Listen and 
Read. 2.40 Listen! 544-545 PM 
(continued). 1240-1. 10am 
Schools Night-time Broadcasting: 
Radio Geography. 1240 
Northern Ireland Farming. 1240 
Britain's Motorway Network. 


Palmgran's Preludes Op 17 Nos 
14 and 24; May Night, Op 27 No 
4; Prelude, Op t7 No 12 (Gothoni, 
piano); Copland's Dance 
Symphony (Detroit SCJ.T 940 

945 This Week's Composer. 
Schumann. Funt Stocks m 
Vo Iks ton. Dp 102 (Maisky, cello; 
Argerich. piano): String Quartet in 
a major, Op 41 No 3 (itafian 
OuartstJ.t 

1040 International Dances: Bracha 

Eden and Alexander Tamr (piano 
duet). Moszkowskl's Spanish 
Dances Op 12 Nos 1-2; New 
Spanish Dances. Op 65 Nos 1-3: 
Brahms's Hungarian Dances Nos 
2. 4. 6 and B; Liszt's Grand Galop 
Chromatic ue.t 

10.45 Langham Chamber Orchestra 
(under Adey). David Diamond's 
Round; Qgar's Elegy Op 59: 
Bridge's Suita for string 



Bridge's Suite for string 
orchestra.! 

11.30 Tenor and Guitar lan Partridge 
and Jukka Savijoki. Three 
Dowland songs; Lennox 
Berkeley's Songs of the Half 
Light EBotf Carter's Tel me 
where Is fancy bred; Sibelius's 
Two Shakespeare Songs Op 60.t 

1245 Baermann: Quintet in to flat Op 23 
(Dobrae, clarinet Alberrt String 
Quartet with Ptneguy and 
Halstead. homaLf 

1245 Berlin Philharmonic (under 

Herbert von Karajan). With Pierre 
Amoyal (violin). Part one. Berg's 
Violin Concerto.t 1.00 News. 

1-05 Concert: part two. Brahms's 
Symphony No 2.t 

1-45 dementi and Hummet Veronica 
McSwiney (piano) dementi's 
Sonata in D major. Op 26 No 3: 
Hummel's Sonata in C major, Op 
2 No 3.T 

240 Borodin String Quartet: Borodin's 
String Quartet No 2 m D: 
Prokofiev's Suing Quartet No 2 
Op 92: Shostakovich's String 
Quartet No 8 to C minor. Op 1 10. t 

440 Choral Evensong: from Carlisle 
Cathedral. 1 4,55 News. 

540 Mainly tor Pleasure: recorded 
music programme, presented by 
Graham Fawcett-t 

640 Guitar Music Margarita 

Casta non and Federico Banuelos 
play works by Roberto Portillo. 
Ponce, Gerado Tamaz. Perez- 
Fueme and wniiam Ortlz.t 

7.00 Haydn: L'Estro Armonico under 
Derek Solomons (violin) play the 
Symphony No 49.t 

7.30 The Consort of Musicke: under 
Anthony Rootey (lute, chrtarrona). 


6.00am Adrian John. 740 Mike Read. 
940 Simon Bates. 1240pm News boat 
(Frank Partridge). 1245 Gary Davies. 
340 Paul Jordan. 540 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 740 
Andy Peebles. 1040-1240 The Friday 
Rock Show wtth Tommy Vance featuring 
Black Rosb). 


WORLD SERVICE 


MO NvwwJoak. 7JOO News. 7.0S Twenty-Four 
Hours. 7 JO Juke Box Dury. 7.45 Merchant 
Navy Programme. 8JM News. LD9 Reflections. 

1.15 Sounds of Strings. 840 Musk: Now. 9-00 
News. 9JH Review of the British Press. 9. IS 
The World Today. 940 financial News. 9.40 
Look Ahead. MS Poets on Muse. 10.00 News. 
10JI1 Sing Gospel 10.15 Merchant Navy 
Programme. 1040 Business Manors. 1T.00 
News. 1109 News About Bntan. 11.15 m me 
Meantime. 1145 A Letter from Northern 
Ireland 1140 Meridan. 1240 ReClO Newsreel. 

12.15 Jaza For The Asking. 12.46 Spcns 
Roundup. 140 News. 149 TwanryFou- Hours. 
140 John Peel. 240 News. 2.01 Outlook. 2.45 
Lenerbox. 3.00 Raxfio Newsreel 3.15 Les 
Miserabies. 4.00 News. 449 Comnwnary. 4.15 
SctBive m Action. 445 The Worm Today. 5.00 
News. 549 A Latter from Northern Ireland. 

5.15 Sarah and Company- 840 News. 849 
Twenty-Four Hours. 9. IS Music Now. 045 
Foreign Affairs. 10.00 News. 1049 The World 
Today. 1045 A Loner from Northern Ireland. 
1040 Fmanoal News. 10-40 Reflections. 10^5 
Sports Rountkip. 1140 News. 1149 
Commentary. 11.15 From The Weeklies. 1145 
Beethoven and the Vtoiki. 1240 News. 1249 
News About Britain. 12.15 Radio NewsreaL 
12.30 About Britain. 1246 Recording of the 
Ween. 140 News. 141 Outioak. 140 Smg 
Gospel 1*5 Lermrtxw. 240 News. 248 
Review Of The Brttieh Press. 2.15 Network 
U X. 240 People and PoStics. 340 News. 849 
News About Britain. 3.15 The World Today. 
340 Quote. Unquote . 440 NewMuk. 440 
That's Trad. . 5.45 The World Today. 

(Afl times In GMT) 


FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m: 1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 12l5kHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5: Radio 4: 
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Service MF 648kHz/463m. 


BBC1 Wales S45pm-6.00 Wales - RORflFR As London except: 

Today. 6-35-740 Sporttol to. flMM . I Ml 1 2. 30pm- 1. DO Search for 

1245-1 40am News and Weather. WflaWl t M News. 1 40 Wish You Were 

Scotland: 845pm-7.00 Reporting ut\# WPQT As London except: | ruAMNFI A* London except Hera7 2.00 Rim: Ladies Who Do (Miriam- 


1245-1 JMem News and Weather. 
Scotland: B45pn-740 Reporting 
Scotland. 1(L20-1fL55Lett. Right and 
Centre. Northern Ireland: 5Jt5pm-5.40 
Today's Sport 5.40-S.DO bulda Ulster: 
645-7.00 Cook with Clare. 12^5- 
I.OQam News and Weather. England: - 
(L36pm-7.0O Region^ news magazines. 


- SAC Starts: 1.00pm Countdown. 140 

FamKy Ties. 2JM Taro Nodyn. 

2J20 Stori Sbri. 236 Cipotwg. 2^5 
Interval. 3.15 Film: First Love’ (Deanna 
Durbin). 450 Corachod. 5.00 Mica. 5^0 
The Tube. 7J00 Nawyddion Saith: 740 
Pobol y Cwm. 8.00 Caryl. 840 Fel Na 
Mael. 915 Film: Red Monarch. Black 
comedy set In Stain's Russfa. 10.40 
Ghosts in the Machine. 1145'AWeekia 
Politics- 1240am Closedown. 


SCOTTISH sasagw 

for WBfltth. 140 News. 140 Country 
Practice. 240 On The Market 340-340 

I Mr and Mrs. 640 News and Scotland 
Today. 640-740 Report 740-840 
Shindig. 1040 Ways and Means. 11.00 
Late Call. 11 45 The Master. 1245am 
Wanted, Dead or Alive. 1245 
Closedown.. 


CENTRAL As London except 
ucmnMJ- t 240pm-1 40 Search 
for Wealth. 140 News. 140-340 Rim: 
Friends. Teenage lovers run away to a 
cottage. BJI0-740 News. 740-840 
Knight Ridac. 1040 Central Weekend. 
1240 FQm: The World ia Fu8 of Married 
Man (Anthony Frandosa). 1.45am 
Closedown. 


If REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS J| 

HTV WEST M Lo™ 1 " 1 except 
n i v wca i jjo smm* 

lor Wealth. 140 News. 140-340 FBm: 
Fiendish Plot of Dr Fu Manehu (Peter 
Sellers). 640-740 Good Neighbour 

Show. 740-8.30 Knight Rider. 1040 

Your Say. 1045 The Year Was . . . 1950. 
11.15 Film: Czech Mate (Susan George). 
12.40am Closedown, 

CHANNEL 

for Wealth. 140 News. 140 Mr & Mrs. 

240 Arcade 240 Hotel. 340-440 

Gienroe. 640 Channel Report. 640-7.00 
Thai s What You Think! 7.30-8.30 Fall 

Guy. 1040 Whafs On Where. 10.35 
Moviemakers. 11.10 Friday Night Fright 
12.40am Closedown. 


940am-1240 

Schools. B.D0pm-740 Wales at Six. 
1040 Survival of the Rttest 11.00- 
1245am Fltoe Czech Mata. 



GRANADA M London except 
vjrmntMUM 12# sopm-1 40 That's 

Hollywood. 140 Granada Reports. 140 
Film: Bachelor of Hearts* (Hardy 
Kruger). 3.15 Our Changing Earth. 345 
' Granada Reports. 340-440 Young 
Doctors. 6.00 Granada Reports. 540- 

7.00 Cosbv Show. 740-840 Knight 
Rider. 1040 New Avengers. 11.30 Him: 
A Study in Terror (Donald Huston). 

1.1 Sam Closedown. 


YORKSHIRE 

'Search for Wealth. 140 News. 145 Help 
Yourself. 140 FUm: Off Beat* (Mai 
iZattarflng). 245 Home Cookery. 346- 
340 Wish You Were Here? 840 
Calendar. 840-740 Diff rent Strokes. 
740-840 Fan Guy. 10.30 FUm: Sweet 
Seem of Death. 12.00 That's Hollywood. 
12.30am Closedown. 


TVS As London except 12.30pm-140 
Search for Wealth. 140 News. 
140 Mr & Mrs. 240 Arcade. 240 Hotel. 
3.30-440 Gienroe. 640 Coast to Coast 
640-7.00 That's What You Think! 740- 
840 Fal Guy. 1040 Facing South. 11.10 
Rim: Hands of the Ripper. 12jt0am 
Company, Closedown. 


TSW A* London except 12.30pm- 

1.00 Search for Wealth. 140 
News. 140 Flm: Houdlni (Tony Curtis I. 


Karlin). 3.30-4.00 Young Doctors. 6.00 
Lookaround. 640-740 Funny You 
Should Say That! 1040 Film: Licensed 
[To Kill. 12.10mn News. Closedown. 


ANGLIA As London except 

uui t« 1 240pm-1.00 Search for 
Wealth. 140 News. 140 Rim: Young 
Lovers* (David Kossofl. 3.15 Cartoon. 
3.25-3.30 News. 6.00-740 About AngHa. 

10.30 Cross Question. 11.10 Film: 
Licensed to KBf. 12.55am Music in my 
Life. 


GRAMPIAN As London except 
UKMiyiriMW •j240pm- 1 .00 Search 

lor Wealth. 1JH) News. 140 Profiles m 
Rock. 2.00 Yellow Rose. 340-340 Mr 
and Mrs. 6.00-7.00 North Ton 
840 Knight Rider. 1040 Crosslka. 11.01 
jRlm: Horror of Frankenstein. 12.40am 
'News, Closedown. 


TYNE TEES As London except 

° 124tom-140 Search 
for Wealth. 140 News. 1.3W.30 Film: 
Black Beauty (Mark Lester). 6.00 
.Northern Life. 640-740 What Would 
You Do 9 740-840 Fall Guv. 10.32 Extra 


Hu; winvia>7r i iirrF«jKi 


South West 6.30-740 Wltat's Ahi 
740-840 Magnum. 10.30 FBm: 
'Breakthrough (Richard Burton). 
12.10am Postscript, Closedown. 


Researcher encounters the spirit of 
death. 12.30am Three's Company, 
Close down. 


WHAT THE SYMBOLS MEAN 
t Stereo. Black end wtwe in Repeat 


ENTEKIAINMENTS 







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ST MARTINS. 836 1443. Special CC 
No 379 6433. EvM 8 - 0 . TUM 2.43. Sol 
6-0 6 8.0. 3401 y wot 

AGATHA CHRISTIE’S 
THE MOUSETRAP 


WESTMINSTER Ol -834 0283 OC 834 
0048. Last 6 perft. Today. Kmw Zpm 
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THE LION, THE WITCH 
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EXTENDED UNTIL TOMORROW 
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FRIDAY JANUARY 17 1986 


THE TIMES 


1'-.. irkirk-k”. 


Moscow tries to I Smiles 




factions together 


By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 
Troops loyal io President Ali sources, the Soviet Union. 
Nasser Muhammad continued South Yemen's main ally, has 
their drive against anti-Govem- been acting as a broker in an 
ment rebels in Aden and the attempt to get the two rival 
surrounding hinterland yester- factions together. _ 
day amid reports that rebels of The sources said that Presi- 
the two rival South Yemeni deni Ali Nasser Muhammad 
factions had held peace talks in had help taiks at the Soviet 
the Soviet Embassy in the Embassy yesterday with rebel 


capital. 

Meanwhile, the first West- 
erners to have escaped the 
fighting have described how 
they were saved by a Soviet sea 
captain. 

According to Western diplo- 
matic sources, fighting resumed 
yesterday morning after a fairly 
quiet nighL Government forces 
appeared to be trying to drive 
the rebels out of the embassy 
area around KJtormakar and the 
Crater district of central Aden. 
The sound of heavy gunfire was 
also reported from the hills to 
the north. At one stage yester- 
day Aden radio reported that a 
five-member committee had 
been set up to oversee the 
restoration. of basic sendees in 
the city and to guarantee peace 
and security. It also reported 
that a ceasefire had been 
arranged for yesterday morning. 
That ceasefire did not however, 
lake hold. 

According to Western 


leaders. The rebels were ident-i 
ified as four men reported to 
have been executed or killed 
shortly after attempting the 
coup which set off the fighting) 
on Monday. 

One of them was said to be 
Mr Abdul Fattaft Ismail, a 
former President and leader of a 
strongly pro-Moscow faction 
within the ruling Yemen Social- 
ist Party. 

According to Mr Bruce 
Cameron, an Australian who 
was in Aden when the figbting 
erupted, he and 10 other 
foreigners owed their lives to a 
Soviet sea captain who braved 
gunfire to take them to safety in 
Djibouti on the western side of; 
the Bab al-Mandab straits. 

Mr Cameron, aged 65, said 
he was onshore when the 
fighting broke out. He reached a 
Soviet freighter, the Pavel 
Antokolsky, by rowing across 
the harbour in a dinghy amid 
heavy firing. 



First Pvfatished 1735 

Commons 
inquiry 
likely into 
Westland 


Cootftuwd firm p*grl 
man, last night gave a qualified 
wdeome to likelihood of ^ 
select committee inquiry. “Wp 
have not got what wc wanted 
winch was a special committee 
of inquiry, so we will have u, 
settle for what we can get. 


“I think there is a good case 
for the trade and industry 
committee doing the in quiri 
.because the eye at the centre of 
the storm is Leon Brittan." 


: '*** 


Kicking up their heels at the tree planting ceremony were Mr Nigel Olney (left), Britain’s longest surviving heart transplant patient, with 
other transplant recipients (from left) Mr Derrick Morris and Mrs Pat Byng (heart). Mr Ken Pinfield and Mrs Kathleen Stanley (liver), Mr 

Richard Tothill (cornea) and Mr Graham Frew (kidney) (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 


By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 


Lebanon crisis deepens 
as militia chief flees 


Beirut (Reuter) - Mr Elie 
Hobeika. the Christian militia 
chief who signed a Syrian- 
brokered peace plan for Leba- 
non. fled the country yesterday, 
sparking a crisis that threatened 
to erupt into open warfare. 

Military and presidential 
sources said that Mr Hobeika, 
aged 29. had resigned as 
commander of the Lebanese 
Forces militia and left for exile 
in France. He was the main 
Christian champion of the pact 
signed less than a month ago to 
end the civil war in Lebanon, 
and his sudden defeat by 
hardlinc Christian militia rivals 
dashed hopes of lasting peace 
among the many militia forces 
in Lebanon. 

Trapped in his east Beruit 
headquarters on Wednesday by 
battles that killed some 200 
people, Mr Hobeika was forced 
10 negotiate his own surrender 
and that of his men. 


His downfall mobilized thou- 
sands of pro-Syrian militiamen 
around President Gemayel's 
mountain stronghold of Bifkaya 
north-east of Beirut yesterday.' 

Columns of smoke and dust 
rose above Bikfaya and nearby 
villages as shells exploded at the 
rate of a dozen a minute. 

Mr Hobeika joined Muslim 
militia chiefs in signing the 
accord in Damascus on Decem- 
ber 28 to end the civil war by 
giving the majority Muslim 
community more say in govern- 
ment. The pact split the 
Christians, and Mr Hobeika’ s 
fighters were cornered in east 
Beirut by militiamen loyal to 
his right-wing deputy, Mr Samir 
Geagea. and to President 
Gemayel. 


They owe their lives to 
strangers, and yesterday they 
went to a soft. Cambridgeshire 
hillside to show their gratitude. 

In a simple ceremony, some 
of the people whose only hope 
of life was a transplant 
operation commemorated those 
whose early deaths had led to 
their survival. 

Along with the relatives of 
the deceased, they planted an 
avenue of slender saplings that 
will grow into a memorial to 
them. 


Six years ago Mr Nigel 
Olney was dying from heart 
disease. He is now Britain's 
longest surviving heart trans- 
plant recipient. 

He had a special word for 
Mrs Doreen Castle, the brave 
and cheerful widow of Mr 
Keith Castle, who held the title 
until his death last year. 

Mr Olney, aged 41, said: 
“Apart from the doctors and 
medical staff, I don't know who 
I owe my life to. But 1 honour 
that person today." Since the 
operation, he has devoted most 
of his time to raising funds for 
Papworth Hospital, near 


Cambridge, where the surgery 
took place. 

Mrs Castle said: I felt I had 
to come, to remember Keith 
and to support the whole idea 
of organ transplants". 

Yesterday's ceremony was 
organized by the British Organ 
Donor Society, known also as 
Body, which was formed to 
offer comfort and support to the 
relatives of dead donors. 

The group was founded by 
Mr John Evens and his wife 
Margaret, of Cambridge, after 
the death of their - son, David, 
aged 20, in August 1983. The 
victim of a motor cycle 


accident, David had carried a 
-donor, card permitting the use 
of his heart and other organs. 

Mr Eyans took part in the 
tree-planting in Wimpole Park, 
near Cambridge.. - 

Transplant surgeons and 
hospital representatives also 
took part in the ceremony. Mr 
Richard Sells, president of the 
British Trasplantatiou Society, 
said;. “Many families gain 
tremendous comfort from the 
knowledge that some good can 
be achieved out of an otherwise 
totally tragic situation. Today's 
ceremony -celebrated this won- 
derfully charitable attitude". 


Fowler cash boost for heart transplant programme 


By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 
Correspondent 


• PARIS: Mr Hobeika and his 
family arrived here yesterday in 
a private plane, informed 
sources said (AFP reports). 


The Freeman Hospital in 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne was des- 
ignated yesterday as Britain’s 
third heart transplant centre, 
with spending at the two 
existing centres at Harefield 
Hospital in Middlesex and 
Papworth Hospital. Cambridge- 
shire, rising by about 40 per 
cent. 


.In all, almost £2.6 million is 
being spent on heart transplants 
jn the year from April 1. against 
just under £1.7 million in the 
current year. The Freeman 
Hospital where five heart 
transplants have been carried 
out in the past year, with four 
patients still alive, said yester- 
day it was “delighted" it had 
been chosen as the third centre. 

Mr Chris Spry, general 
manager at Newcastle Health 
Authority, said the £224.000 


.which the teaching hospital is 
being given will allow about 12 
transplants to be carried out in 
the next year. 

Funding for Papworth Hospi- 
tal is being increased from 
£846,000 to just over £1.3 
million. 

The decision to expand the 
programme was taken on the 
advice of the Supra Regional 
Services Advisory Group, 
which said it foresaw a gradual 
expansion in heart transplan- 


tation over the next three years. 
The expansion would be con- 
centrated in Newcastle until its 
level of activity was comparable 
with the other two centres. 

The extra money was an- 
nounced by Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secretary of State -for 
Social Services, together with an 
extra £775,000 for the liver 
transplant programme, -taking 
its spending to £2.5 million and 
with increases for other highly 
specialized services. 


Gomba loses 
to JMB 


over debts 


Mr Stan Crowther, Labo Ur 
MP for Rotherham and a trade 
and industry select committer 
member, . said last night: “a 
□ umber of things have emerged 
on the relationship between ih« 
DTI and the companies in- 
volved which need investi- 
gation. A select committee k 
the proper body for the job and 
we must try and establish what 
the truth of the matter is." 

Last night’s statement by the 
board of British Aerospace, said 
it regretted the controversy that 
had developed over -the differ- 
ing accounts of Sir Raymond's 
meeting with Mr Brittan on 
January 8. 

“In view of certain remarks 
made in the debate on Westland 
pic in the House of Commons 
yesterday Sir Raymond L\go 
sought, and was given. Sir 
Austin Pearce’s permission 10 
release his account of that 
meeting as corroboration of the 
letter Sir Austin Pearce wrote to 
the Prime Minister on January 
13.” 


Continued from page 1. 

time to pay. But the judge 

rejected his daira. 

He said Mr Shamji was a 
trader who lived by negotiating 
deals. “The' glimpse that this 
case has grvea me of Mr Shansi 
in action as a negotiator 
suggests that he employs 
patience, shrewdness, and cour- 
tesy but also, it most be said, 
prevarication and falsehoods.” 

He said That JMB became 
suspicious of dealings which 
suggested assets of Gomba were 
being diverted instead of going 
to the bank. When Mr Shamji 
appeared unable or unwilling to 
provide proper explanations, he 
lost his credibility with the bank 
and it lost its patience with him. 
: The judge said he was 
satisfied the bank had reason- 
able - grounds .for not being 
satisfied that negotiations with 
Lonhro were being properly or 
expeditiously conducted. 


Maze escapers 
heldin 


Dutch swoop 


| Continued front page 1 
from gunshot wounds and 
another three in explosions. 

McFarlane had attempted tc 
escape from, the Maze in I97S 
: dressed as a prison warder and 
while on the run daring the past 
two years is suspected of being 
: involved in the kidnap of Mr 
Don Tidey, stores executive, in 
the republic for a ransom of £5 
million and organizing terror- 
ists attacks from border areas. 

Kelly, aged 3CL from the 
Moyard area of west Bellas;. 

) was serving two life sentences 
I for his part in the London 
bombings of 1973 in which 
more than 100 people wt 
injured. - 'v.TjF 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 


Exhibitions in progress 


One for the pot poachingjjver 


the centuries: The Smith An Gallery 


and Museum. 40 Albert 

Stirling; Wed to Sun 2 to S, Sat 
10.30 to 5 (ends Feb 91. 

Artists in the Theatre: gallcry- 
scale reconstructions of five early 
20lh century stage works: Hanoi] 
Gallery, The University. Newcastle 
upon Tyne; Mon to Fri 10 lo 5, Sat 9 
to 4.30 (ends Feb 2 1 ). 

Visions of Albion: photographs 
by Patrick Sutherland: Work by the 
Peterborough photographic sorietv 
Peterborough Museum and An 
Gallery. Priestgate; Tues to Sat 12 to 
5 lends Feb 8). 

Trevor Stubley: retrospective; 
University Gallery. Leeds Univer- 
sity: Mon to Fri 1 0 to 5 (ends Feb 7). 

The Art of Natural History- 
paintings of plants and insects from 


South America by Maria Sibylla 
Merian: Natural History Gallery, 
Merseyside County Museum. Wil- 
liam Brown St. Liverpool; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 lo 5 fends March 
31 V 

Three Painters: works by James. 
.Man and Neil McGregor, Doncaster 
Museum and Art Gallerv. Chequer 
Rd; Mon to Sal 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5. 
closed Fri (ends Jan 26). 

Frontiers of Chaos: computer 


|raphics in colour. Royal West of 


igland Academy, Queen’s Rd, 
Bristol: Tues to Sat 10 to 5.30 (ends 
Jan 251. 

Victorian watercolours and draw- 
ings: The Wykeham Galleries. High 
St. Stockbridge. Hants; Tues to Sat 
10 to 5 tends Feb 1). 

Why Wan paintings by Charles 
Spcncelayh: Harris Museum and 
An Gallery, Market Square. Pres- 
ton. Lancashire: Mon lo Sat 10 to 5 
(ends April 5). 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,946 



ACROSS 


1 Slop turning to limit, say (10). 

9 Sort of sinner I never coukl be 

(6). 

10 Use money to gel influence (8). 

11 Subordinate event for parties - 
in what way? (4-4). 

12 Actress never meeting 24 (4). 

13 The doth Sir hoped lo order 
(10). 

15 The enemy can’t see if it's 
effective (4-3). 

17 Brave following Indian respect- 
fully (7). 

20 Control made stronger (10). 

21 Minimal change in modest text 

(4). 

23 End of the line for a bird brain 

(8). 

25 Effect of poison some murderer 
got is mild (Sj. 

26 Antelope or bird (6). 

27 In French, very successful 
candidate is intruder (10). 


6 Require to do manual work, say 
(4). 

7 Having influence to apply 
restraint (8). 

8 Two sorts of headgear found in 
China (5,5k 

12 Replace op art, for we like oils 

U0). 

14 Rising in reputation at univer- 
sity (8,2). 

16 From the first sailor in it I get 
ring (2,6). 

18 Poor Castile's self-sacrificing 
queen (8). 

19 Expert had them briefly inside 

university (7). 

22 Continue discussing dog (6). 

24 Rugby chap playing with 12 ac 
(4). 


Solution of Poole No 16JM5 


DOWN 

2 Contact 24 said to recognize 
strike (6). 

3 Old man; perhaps, in a tree? (8). 

4 Pardoning a disorderly music- 
maker (5,5). 

5 Debatable theory about quiet 
Greek poet (7). 



Prize Crossword in The Times tomorrow 

CONCISE CROSSWORD PAGE 10 


Music 

Concert by the Fine Arts Brass 
Ensemble: Church of England 
Middle SchooL St Mary's Rd, 
TickhiU. Doncaster. 8 


Organ recital by Peter Goodman; 
12.30. 


City Hall. Hull, 1 

Piano recital by Bernard Roberts; 
Bel voir Room. Leicester Univer- 
sity, 8. 

Recital by Pamela Bryce (violin) 
and Terence Dennis (piano k 
Reception Room, Wills Memorial 
Building, Bristol University, 7.30. 

Piano recital by Anna Mark! and; 
Nottingham Playhouse. 1.05. 

Rental by Julian Pike (tenork 
Susan Kessler I mezzo-soprano), and 
Graham Johnson (piano); North 
Bromsgrovc High School, School 
Drive, 7.30. 

Concert by the Llanelli Male 
Voice Choice: Taliesin Arts Centre, 
University College Swansea, 7.30. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta: Dauntsey's School, 
West Lavingtoo, Wilts; 7.45. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra; Guildhall, 
Plymouth, 7.30. 

Concert by the Birmingham 


Symphony Orchestra; Corby Festi- 
val Hall, 7." 


'.3a 


General 

Book Fain International (ex 
Centre) Hotel. H umbers tone Rd, 
Leicester, 2 to 8, tomorrow IQ to 5. 


Anniversaries 


Births: Pedro Calderon de la 
Barca, dramatist and poet. Madrid. 
1600; Benjamin Franklin, printer, 
inventor and American revolution- 
ary diplomat. Boston. Massachu- 
setts. 1706: Sir James HalL 
geologist. Dunglass, East Loihian. 
1761: August Welssmann, geneti- 
cist. Frankfurt am Main. 1834; 
David Lloyd George. 1st Earl Lloyd- 
George of Dwyfor. Prime Minister. 
1916-22, Manchester. 1863; Mack 
Sennett, film producer (creator of 
Keystone Cops), Richmond. Que- 
bec. 1 880: Ronald Frrbank, novelist 
(lalmouih). London. 1886; Sir 
Compton Mackenzie, novelist, and 
Scottish nationalist. West Hartle- 
pool. 1883. Deaths: John Ray, 
naturalist (Black. Notiev, Essex. 
1705; Rutherford B. Hayes. 19th 
President of the USA 1877-81. 
FremonL Ohio, 1893; Frederic 
William Myers, poet ■ and a co- 
founder of the Society of Psychial 
Research. Rome. [901; Sk Francis 
Galton. explorer and anthropologist, 
Haslemere. Surrey. 1911: 

Today is the Feast of Saint 
Antony of Egypt. 



— "■ - 1 -'-"S."- „ 

Porttc Bo -hcw toptay 

Monday -Saturday record your oatfy PorttoHo 
total. 

Add these together to determine your 
weekly Portfolio totaL 

H your total matches the pubfisted weekly 
dMdend. figure you have won outright or a 
share of die pore money stated lor that weak, 
and must data your prize as to s tructed Mkrn. 


How to data 

Tefap hone The Thma Ponteflo dafms Im 
02G4-53Z72 between 10X0 am end 3J0 pm, 
on the day your Overall total matches The 
rones Portfolio oMdond. No claims cm be 
accepted outdda these hours. 

You must have your card with you when you 


your i 
PnotH 


you are unaWo to telephone someone else 
can data on your behalf but they must taw 
card and car The Times Portfolio dam 
Between the stipulated tanas. 

No responstiBty can &g accepted lor taftge 
to contact Die claims office tor any reason 
wtthrt the Bated hours 
The above Instructions are appficaUa to 
both flatty and weekly cflvfctond claims. 

• Some Times PortteKo card* (nfluda mirxr 
misprints Hi the Instructions on tha morse 
sde. These cards are not invaHated. 

• TTm wording of Rules 2 and 3 has been 
expended Iran earlier vendees for danficOMn 
purposes. The Cams iteelf is not atfocted and 
wdf continue to be played in exactly the same 
wayesbeforo. 


Food prices 


Recent storms at sea have not 
helped the fishing industry. How- 
ever, most fishmongers have a 
reasonable supply of herrings, sprats 
and skate wings, but the best buy is 
either cod or haddock fillets at £1.73 
and £1.75 a lb respectively. Lemon 
and Dover sole, however, are not at 
their best and are sharply up in price 
at £2.48 and £3.36 a lb on average. 
Boned fresh herrings are each up 
about 3p a lb to 88p and 64p a lb. 

Home produced lamb prices are 
still rising, with most cuts up a 
further 3p a lb. Whole leg ranges 
from £1.50 lo £1.94. loin chops 
£1.64 to £2.10 and shoulder 86p to 
£1.20 a lb. New Z e aland Iamb is 
cheaper this week and probably 
better quality; whole leg £1.28 to 
£1.59, loin chops £1.20 to £1.60 and 
shoulder 59-94p a lb. Beef topside 
and silverside are down about 2p a 
lb to an average of £2.18, but other 
cuts are a little more expensive; 
rump steak £2.93, sirloin steak £3.34 
and pot roast £1.68 alb. Leg of pork 
is down about 4p a lb to between 
89p and £1.28 a lb; shoulder is also 
slightly cheaper at 98p to £1.45 and 
loin chops £1.28 to £1.S0 l 

The choice of vegetables is 
somewhat restricted- Brussels 
sprouts are excellent quality and 
value at 18-30p a lb, and Primo 
cabbage 10-22p a lb. Potatoes 
continue to be cheap and of high 
quality at 7-10p a lb. Aubergines at 
60-80p. green and red peppers at 
70p lo £1 a lb or Spanish and 
Moroccan mange tout at around 
£1.50. 

Marmalade oranges are plentiful 
at 28-40p a lb, but the season is 
short. Other good citrus fruit 
include grapefruit 10-24p each and 
the rose variety !8-35p each, 
depending on size, oranges 6-28p 
each and clementines 30-4 5 p a lb. 
Cox's apples are 30-55p a lb, French 
Golden Delicious 20-35p a lb and 
Canadian Red Delicious 35~45p a 
lb. 


Roads 


Wateo and Watt A33& Long term 
roadworks on the Salisbury to Fordirigtjridqs 
road at Bodsnham. A38: Lane exmros on the 
Exeter to Plymouth rood, on IvytxMga bypass. 
M4: Various tarn domras on Both 
carriageways between Junctions 22 end 2* 
(Chepstow and Newport): de fa y s - 
Th« North: ABO: Rasurlseteg at Smallwood. 
N of Msagar. Cheshire; tanporary fispiu. Wi 
Resurfacing between Mount Pleasant Farm 
and Cram Bridge: temporary lights: AS: 
Resurfacing work at Kirkland n Ken&f. 

ScoUaref AS2: Lane Closures due to 
patching work neer Ml 2 Junction N of 
Dumbarton. ATI: Roadwtnks reducing 
roadwtdth at (unction Georpsa Rd ana 
BiUgre*fi Rd. Aberdeen dtp Roundabout 
co n struction along AM Great Bonham Rd and 
A497 Anderson Drive wu causa delay*. 

Information suppSad by tha AA 


Top films 


The top box-office films In London: 
1 (-) AChorusLeie 
-2 HI Bock to the Future 

3 (-) Yaar of the Dragon 

4 (3) Defence of the Realm 

5 (61 Silverado 

6 (4) Letter to Brezhnev 


7 (5) My Beautiful Laundretta 

- raj - — - 


(3) Best Defence 

(7) Plenty 

(8) Print's Honour 


The top films in the provinces: 

1 Back to the Future 

2 Prizzfa Honour 

3 Best Defence 

4 Santa Claus: The Movie 

5 Supergrass 

Supptad by Sww international 


Top video rentals 


1 (11 GhostDusters 

2 (2) GremfoiB 

3 (3) Beverly Hills Cop 

4 (4) The Terminator 
. 5 (5)- Runaway 

6 •© Water 

7 (7) The Last Starfightar 

8 (34) The Neverentfing Story 

9 (7) Amadeus 

10 (12)Extermlrator2 
Suppfiod by VMbo Bustos* 


The pound 


Bank 


Australia 3 
Austria Scb 
Befgfcan Fr 

CauadaS 
Danmark Hr 
Finland MW 
Franca Fr 
Germany DM 
GraacaDr 
Hong Kang I 
belaud Ft 
Italy Lira 
Japan Van 
NMheriands GM 
Norway Kf 
Portugal Eac 
South Africa Rd 
Spate Pta 
Sweden Kr 
SwBzarfandRr 
USAS . 
Yugoslavia Dor 


2.18 

39.75 

7BJJ5 

2.03 

1392 

8.15. 

11.28 

387 

2tU» 

11.50 

lit 

284000 

305.00 

4.12 

tins 

235.50 
3J95 
227J50 
1UU 
• M0 
1.50 

580.00 


Bank 

Beds 

SUM 

zus 

7225 

200 

1282 

7.75 

1073 

MS 


11.00 

in 

243000 

2*800 

303 

10J0 

22300 


21500 

1005 

206 

108 


Ratos tor srnal denomina t ion bank not**-on<y, 
as suppled by Barclays Bonk PIC. Dfftererrt 
rates apply, to trevaflare' cheques and- other 
foreign currency business. 


Retoi Pries Index: 3724. 

London: The FTtridw etosodup 3.6 at 11122 


Parliament today 


OnBiaoas. (9 JO): Private Member's 
Bill; -Disabled Persons : (Services, 
Consultation -and ' Representation) 
Bill, second reading. 


Snow reports 


Condffiona Weather. 

.Off' Runs to- ..(5 pm) 


Depth 
(cm) 

AUSTRIA L U Piste ' Piste resort - - 

StAnton 100 280 good powder good snow 

Snowing lor last 5 days . 

FRANCE 

tools 2000 90 110 good T crust . good fine 

■Hard base on afl pistes 
LsPlagne 180 195 good heavy, -good snow 

United runs, avalanche danger 

MegCve 110 220 good powder' good snow 

Superb powder, bed vteabfljfy 

Morrine 70 170' good ^ powder good fair 

Excetertjwwdwoffptete vV., . . . 

Tignes 130 220 £^qd powder., good ' snow 

Uto dosed by high winds- : ■: ' 

SWITZERLAND 

Andenmtt 85 130 good powder good enow 

Conditions much improved 

Davos 140 210~ good powder good snow 

Limited runs, avalancs danger 

GHndehvald 55 90 good powder good enow 


good powder good -snow 


Gfltedd 75 ^ 

Powder on powder 

Murai 140 180 good powder good snow 

ExceUent deep powder skUng 
In Kb above reports, supplied by the Ski Club of Great Britain representatives, L 
refers to lower slopes and U to upper slopes. Other snow reports page 26. 


Weather 

forecast 


Frontal systems will cross 
the country from the IV. 


6am to midnight 


London, SE, central S, E 
East Anglia, E Midland*: Most 
rain in the morning, perhaps sleet m 
places, becoming dry tor a time, more 
rain laten wind S veering W fight or 
moderate; max temp 7C(45F). 

W Midlands, Channel (stands, 3W, 
NW England, Wales, Lake District; We 
of Men, SW Sc ot la nd : Rather cloudy; 
mainly dry at firet, rain In the afternoon, 
clearer with scattered showers later; 
wind W moderate or fresh; max temp 
10C.{5QF). 

Central N, IE . England, Borden, 
Edinburgh, Dundee: Mostly doudy, rain 
in pieces at first, (fry for a time, then rein 
later; wind W fight or moderate; max 
lamp 6C(43F). 

Aberdeen, Glasgow, Centred • High- 
lands, Moray Firth, NE Scotland, 
Ortaiay, Shefiancb MaWy dry at first, 
rain in afternoon, clearing te®r r wind S 
light, increasing fresh, veering TAT; max 
tomp6C(43F)_ 

Argyfi, NW Scotland, Northern 
Ireland: Mostly doudy, rain soon 
spreading from W. dearer with showers 
by evening; wind SW moderate or fresh, 
veering Wlresh or'strong; max temp 8C 
(48F). - 

Outlook tor tomorrow and . Sunday. 
Changeable, rain . at times, some snow 
over N MBs; temperatures near normal 


; C ‘ ; 


SEA PASSAGES: S North See: Winds 
SE veering' SW moderate to fresh, 
occasional strong, occasional rain; sea 
moderate to rough. Strait of Dover: 
Winds S or SW moderate or fresh, 
occasionally strong at that, occasional 
rain; visiblllly moderate; sea rough 
becoming moderate. GnaOsh Channel 
(E): Winds. W veering NW modaratB or 
fresh occasionally . strong at' fired, 
occasional rain; -vtaiWSsy moderate or 
sea rough becoming moderate; St 
'a Channel: Winds W moderate, 
occasionally fresh.- occasional rain: 
visibility good becoming moderate; sea 
moderate, fried. Sea: Winds mainly. SW 
modersfr or fresh, occasionally strong; 



6.11 

tins 

11-43 

3.45 

11.28 

9-59 

3.19 

9.29 

5.11 

4.15 
253 

1055 

103* 

7J0 

335 

1.31 

4.16 
10.52 
9.49 

flua 

9.11 
11. Of 

359 


HI M » 
04 Ifr.U 
35.00*- .87 
11A. 

31 4J0 U 
135 1V4S W.1 
4-9 102H *8 

31 358 W 
4i7 35B 4.4 
A3 525r 4| 
35. 4J8 33 
43.-3W . 48. 
30 1359 8J 
7.7 IBM - 72 
4A‘ 7.41 .4.7 
7J-AS6 It 
tZ 247 M 
43 5.01 « 

'•urif.il-' “ 

317 10 09 58 
•*3:101IF'1J 
49 342 4f 
.1.7 3123-18 
43 -4.W *8 


it* C . -j y 


‘AlpuiU 


occasional rain; vistoflTty good. becoming 
moderate; sea moderate to rough. 




aky; bc-Wue sky and dout c -cloudy: 
o-owense l-fog; d -dteto; h-hat 

Shorehaa 
Souhamptoa 
Swanaoa . . 

Tom 

Wtton-oo-tto* 

3 J0‘ ' SB .349 

3J8 4J 3^5 

10.54 AD 11.11 v . 78 
8J8 4^ 838 4J 

358 3J;. 4J4 v 35 

^-ick 



b' r 

Around Britain 

• 

■/Vo: 

.' - 

-Sun Rain ~. Max. 

• ■ hr to C F 

EA8T COAST 

Scadrao - -is 4 39 M 

Mtelta 12 27 3 37 Bright 

- .12 4 39 Bright 

Lnwytoft - .11 3 37 Showers 

Bfrecontoo 

Tenby 

oOtunpOn 

Minei omiIiq 
HHAWWIUW 

Sun Rain Mwr 'j' . .. 

: - -8>43 Ctoudy a-. 
oa -..6.43 Ctooefy 

1.6* -38 BrigW-. - 

34 - 4 39 Ctoudy . .. . 

j 

v- t , f - 


7.58 am . 4£4 pm 


MoanriMK ' MeieaMtSE 

11.00 ,«n .- 1ZJS4 am- 


SOUTH COAST 


4.9 .05 5 41 Sunny am 


firttqumtef 10.13 pm.' 


Lighting-up time 


Worthing 
LMMimtfi 
BognorH ■ 


London 4£4 pm to 7.27 are '! 
Brtetol 304 pm to 737 am - '. 
nbuigb4.45 pm to 30T ant:- •* 
i ttha ohir 4^3 prh to 74* am ■ 
PeoaueeS^l pm.fo7.43am 


Yesterday 


Weymouth 
Esnoutb 
•Taformseaias ■ 


04 - 

53 -. 

43 - 

-to . - 

37 - 

33 

■31 — 

-1A •: - . 

■i.r . - 


41 Stteny 
39 Sunny 

41 

41 


lags 


41 Sunny 
38 Ctoudy 


Tarrweraturea m rnklduy yMtprcfcty: a ctou&T. 
lain r. rahr, s, atm. ' 


BotWrt- 

Bfnnhiyliaiii 

etackptxV 

Bristol 

Cmritfi 

Etfinborgh 


C .F; 

I 1 34 
r 2 36 
9 5 41 . 
a 4 38 
I 3 37 
I 2 35 
I 2 S3 


OlWTtH} 


London 


■ F 
: 1 6 43; 
1 2 38 
. r 8 48 
13 41 
•f 3^7 
■■f 2 » 
15 41 


Quon ia iy . ■ 
WEST COAST 
SoWylaioo. . 


0.4 J2. 
0.1 JJ2 

0. 1 nr 
05.- 

1. B m 

39 - 


.41 Bright • ' 
39 Bright am 
41 CtwHy 
S.41 Bright 
3 43 Ctoudy 

6 43 OouA 

7 "48 Ctoudy 
7 45 Cloudy 
8-48 Ctoudy 

7 45 Bright 

8 « Bright 


Dougfos 
ENOLAND AM» WALES 
London (CM) 4.4 

BTtooilMm 31 

Bristol (CM) 05 - 

Contort Crt 03--'- 

- as 

31 - 

32 - 

Wo Mng l io oi 23 - 

N’c»-n-Tyn» 0.9 - 

33 - 


- -5 41\CtaUfr 



33- 


07. m. 


9 48 Bright 
8 48 Ctoudy 


SCOTLAND 
EaMoJem* 

Preatmtek 
Otoaetar - ■ - 

Urea 

ssssr :: M - 

SSL. : " 

Abardao u - .04 

Laucfaara - " - 

Edfettunib 

NcwmsmnBUWi 

|lnf(u| 


2 W^opdjL --, 

4 3ft Oo« ; 

4 » Dul •• 

7 45 Ral npn - - 

5 "41 Shews*® . 

'1 34.firio*|ta 

3 37 SW*"* 1 
4»Sn»onj • 
4. 39 Ctoutfy 

a 37 msjra -■ 

■4 » - 


h*k P: 


- ja -9 37 BDBVpn' 


Abroad 


London 


Yateerday: T«t^! max 6 am to B pnv$C (48R; 
Jrtn 6 pm to B an, 2C (380. Hurnkfiy- 6 m, & 
pw cwn. Aafat 24hr to 6 pm. Jta Sure to 8 

mean «ea fowl, 8 pro J02A3' 


Highest and lowest 


teghost day tamp: Was of 

10C (50F)l fowost'daymax: Lawtek 1C 
. .. foflhoat mfofofr -KklanRtalta highest 
surehine Brighton anti BofynrRegisSJhr. 


.TIMES NEWSPAPERS LIMITED.-' 
A Printed and puUisittd by Tunes 
Newspapers Limited, P.O. Bo* 7. 200 
Cray's '"Jin Rod, London. WCIX SEZ. 
EnaLind. Telephone: 01-837 l >34. , Tetec 
264971. Friday January 17 1986. Regtstoftd 
M a newspaper autre Post Office. 



. taDDAIfr ft d,'drizdo; f. W r.lfl. tag; r,rato; *, wrem, snow- 

f* E • ^ _ 


CotogM 

gff 1 " 




sbdfhu O** « 



Chicago' 

cvetSnte 


tafitotaaa o 19 M 
UabreL a 14 57 
.Locarno a 9 48 
LAnaato r f 17 63 
U ttjmb g c 1 34 


C 20 88 

a 12.54 
r -18 
an 0 32 
. .c !«,. 
s 28 82 
r 9 48 

a 18 84 — 

Tokyo 

■ 14 67-. -TwobMF. 

•n -81B T WO 
• 14 88 V W taCfrf 
a n S2 Vsncnovor . - jg . 
S 29 84 vartce ; 

10.32 Tito n* 
c 1 34 W tram 


B* /d-S- -Seergf S 

•«™w« l n^,-^SiTUva£: " t * : ' 






s*8d ho 



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